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INTERNATIONAL 



PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 

London, Thursday, February 24, 1 994 


No. 34520 








I 






Offickd Warns of a Dangerous Path* 


By LeeHockstader: - _ ; . 

_ Washington Post Service 

MOSCOW — - Russia’ 3 coascrva live legisla- 
ture, in a direct chaBcnge to^Yisidau BomN. 
Yeltsin, weed ovwwhehniugjy on Wednesday 
to grant a hill amnesty to leaders of the 1991 
coup attempt and the violent upturns <rf Octo- 
ber 1993 thm threatened to topple the govern- 
ment. 

The Slate Duma; the lower house- of the 
Federal Assembly that is led by Communists 
and estnan; nationalists, voted 252 to 67, with 
28 abstentions, to endtheprosecatiansof some 
of Mr. Yeltsin's fiercest opponents. 

The Duma vole came on the day before Mr. 
Yeltsin was scheduled to make. an important 


the future of reforms. 

Until now die Duma, which has been in 
session six weeks, had launched ihetorical at- . 

from thesort of Sectx»nl^tatk>ns that led 
Mr. Y dtsin to dissolve the fermer legislature in 
October and then order a tank attack against it 
The action on Wednesday was- the first overt 


a full assault on a president, whose political and 
physical health have recently been suspect * 
It was also a sign that Me. Yeltsin, .who 
sacrificed the two top economic ref carpers in 
his government after the reformers’ poor show- ■ 
ing in December’s legislative elections, has 
bought himself little political breathing space. - 
The constitution appears to give the Duma 
exclusive power to grant amnesties,- and :the 
resolution passed Wednesday declared the am- 
nesties effective immediately. But given Mr. 
Yeltsin's strong opposition to an amnesty, it. 
appeared unlikely that the leaders of the 1991 
coup attempt and the 1993 rebellion would 
leave prison right away. It seemed posable that 


Mr. Yeltsin might seek to forestall the Duma's 
action, or ignore it 

The Prosecutor General's office said the re- 
lease of the ringleaders could begin as early as 

^^^Veltsnf’s allies warned that the Duma 
vote was aimed at destahilizxng Russia and 
seizing power from Mr. Yeltsin’s government 
mid ifiiri.it could lead to yet mother constitu- 
tional crisis. 

The president's spokesman, Vyacheslav Kos- 
tikov, arid the Duma had Tailod 10 draw les- 
sons. from the tatter experience” of the old 
legislature. “ 

“Tins is a dangerous path that runs counter 
to Russia’s interests,” he said. “The sde re- 
Spcmribffify for the consequences of this deci- 
sion rests with the State Duma.” 

- Yeltsin alfies challenged the legitimacy of the 
Duma’s action, which they said would abort 
legaljirooeediiigs. 

"Tins problem cannot be resolved by a reso- 
lution of a legislative or political organ," said 
Vladimir Shumeiko, who heads (he upper 
chamber of.' the parliament, the Federation 
Council. “It is not up to the kgbdaiors to 
interfere in the legal process.” 

the constitution, passed in a December ref- 
erendum, says the Duma akme is empowered to 
grant amnesties. There is uO role specified for 
the upper house in the matter. 

Yegor T. Gaidar, Mr. Yeltsin’s former prime 
minister and chief economic adviser, said the 
president did not have the power to veto the 
Duma's amnesty declaration, which be called 
an “extrandy dangerous derision.” 

- “I am. absolutely convinced the people re- 
leased from prisonwill start fonnixig groups of 
tniKtoii ly m t h e craning m on th s and brin g them 

onio the streets of Moscow,” Mr. Gaidar said. 


ma 


•• The UJ5. seoatary of state finked future 
^ t ^ F ? QCUfi ' - UJ£-Jtassii*i*l«iira 

WASTONGTON — hi shopping for a spy at; • • -• ■" • - '• • ~ 

the CcariraJ I^ riJ^encc Age nty^ ^ M os cow . ClAyBorts to ferret-out Russian spies- That 

hewas.tlib ideal man : to help. Moscow's 
lontoft Hs2£j™ks, ' spytiiastetSPstay tine jump- ahead <5f their CIA. 

A fbra)eini<^ StirieLcoun- _fees,while prqtectixtt himself from exposure. . 

lerinteOigeoce branclvJrir, Auks was-an expert . ;Laier, as mi offidaiof the agency’s top-secret 



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Bom YmhcnluvThf Awcud P-cm 

President Boris N. Yeftsm of Russia answering questions from the press Wednesday 
after he attended a weatWaying ceremony at Moscow’s Tomb of the Unknown Sokfier. 


operations directorate, Mr. Ames was privy to 
much of the raw intelligence sent back by 
American agents inside Russia. This meant that 
he was in a position 10 help Moscow defeat 
American spy operations and eliminate any 
znoles in ite own rateDigenoe organization. 

". American officials said they wcre stiH assess- 
ing the damage done by Mr. Ames’s work for 
Russia’s Foreign Intelligence Service and its 
Soviet predecessor, the Committee for State 


Security, or KGB. which is said 10 have paid 
him a total cf SI 5 million. 

One official said it was possibly “the worst 
espionage case ever," and several others said it 
was on a par with the infamous work for Mos- 
cow by Warrant Officer John A. Walker Jr. of 
the-U.S. Navy and his associates in the 1970s 
and 1960s. 

fit's a disaster,” said Donald Jameson, a 

See SPY, Page 4 


Two Questions 
On Sarajevo: 
Why So Long? 
And Now What? 

By Elaine Sciolino 

Sear York Tima Semre 

WASHINGTON — Behind the self-congrat- 
ulation and assertions of victory in the Clinton 
administration over the military respite in Sara- 
jevo lie two stark realities: Fighting still rages in 
pans of Bosm a- Herzegovina, and any peace 
settlement may very well give the Muslims less 
territory than they could have got a year ago. 

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization al- 
lies can plausibly take credit for finally giving 
the Bosnian Serbs an ultimatum that worked, 
proving that the credible threat of force can get 
at least short-term results. But their success 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

raises the question erf why it took the United 
States and the rest of NATO so long to issue 
such a threat. The Serbs have been seizing 
territory, after all for nearly two years. 

And now the administration finds itself in 
the uncomfortable position of trying 10 figure 
out what to do nexL 

The Russians have begin) to “deliver" the 
Serbs, who more or less did what the United 
Nations demanded or them around Sarajevo, 
and now the United States is being called on to 
deliver the Bosnian government without ap- 
pearing to be forcing it to make concessions. 

Last year, the administration initially refused 
10 endorse the peace plan proposed by the UN 
envoy, Cyrus R. Vance, and the European en- 
voy, Lord Owen, because they thought it de- 
manded unfair concessions by the Muslim- 
dominated government. That plan, however, 
offered more territory than tin Muslims are 
now likely to gel in any settlement. 

President Bill Clinton held out the tantaliz- 
ing possibility on Monday that a broader use of 
power and diplomacy could extend the calm in 
the Bosnian capital to OLhcr parts of the coun- 
try. 

But his senior military advisers warned legis- 
lators at a congressional hearing Wednesday 
that the Whire House did uot want to pres 
ahead with new measures in other parts of the 
country until the capital was securely under 
control, and that could take weeks. 

The unpredictability and volatility of Bosnia 
was highlighted again Tuesday when five Swed- 
ish UN peacekeepers were wounded while driv- 
ing in a particularly dangerous area near Tuzla, 
80 kilometers (50 miles) north of Sarajevo. That 
sent NATO commanders and UN offidals 
scurrying to determine whether NATO should 
retaliate; but in the end they decided the attack 

See BOSNIA, Page 4 


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Nancy Kerrigan Sizzles, 
Tonya Harding Fizzles 




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OLYMPIC OQQ PODIUM 


A Bonnie Day , In d e e d ! .. Jjast Eric Heiden lo become the most 
m W9 successful ^ winter Olympian, 

rhmpsriag m her last Olympic race, the .- 

1,000 meters. Bonnie Blair became the ' 

most sneoesrful u.s. Cflympic woman of weemoiors Jfeaiiy super 
all time by skating to her fifth gold. And Markus Wasmeier a£ Germany, trans- 
with ber sixth medal overall she swept formed suddenly from journeyman to 


won over 


superstar, won his second gold medal of. 
these Games 'when he beat Urs Kaelin of 
Switzerland by two-hundredths of a sec- 
ond in the giant sLaiam. It was the closest 
Alpine race in Olympic history. 

Olympic report : Pages 19, 20 and 21 


By Ian Thomsen 

Inumaiional Herald Tribune 

HAMAR — It was a pose, and then it 
wasn't. For a moment Nancy Kerrigan's head 
was flung back and her arms were spread as 
gracefully as wings, but with the last strains of 
tension still trying to strangle her. Until then 
the smile was fixed and unbelievable. 

Then the people cheered and screamed as if 
wanting to pick her up on their shoulders and 
carry her down the street. 

To see her skate away from that was 10 see a 
statue coming to life. 

The sky was raining flowers wrapped in 
cellophane as the nine judges marked the 
scores that gave Kerrigan the lead after the 
technical program Wednesday night. On paper 
her lead is vulnerable, with 1993 world cham- 
pion CHksana Baiul of Ukraine in second place 
and four-time European champion Surya Bon- 
aly of France in third. The Olympic gold medal 
of women's figure skating, the Academy 
Award of sports, will ultimately be decided by 
the free program Friday night, worth two- 
thirds of the total score. 

By the way, Tonya Harding is in 10th place 
and practically out of contention for a medal. 

On Wednesday Kerrigan became everything 
the Harding people wanted to prevent her 
from becoming when they conspired to injure 
her right knee with a steel bar in Detroit Jan. 6. 
At the crowd’s urging, she accepted the role 
that never seemed to fit her before the attack. 
The judges watched her body but the public 
looked deep into her eyes. They conspired to 
cheer every time die landed without apparent 
flaw, wbicb was every single time, but all the 
time she appeared 10 be fighting herself. 

Now she was sitting on a couch at the end of 
the rink in tun white dress with black lace and 
flowers piled upon her lap and seven cute little 
gals struggling to carry a garden more each 
toward her. There must have been five dozen 
flowers for her. She Bright have sat and drank it 
all in. Instead she stood up and waved like 


their leader — another first for her — and she 
walked out before they had a chance to cele- 
brate the scoreboard announcement placing 
her in first. The noise followed her down the 
hallway like perfume. 

By now Harding was oul of the building. 

The evening began with what turned out to 
be a surprise appearance from Katarina Win. 
who was cheered as if the 6,000 paying custom- 
ers were not expecting to see her. They were 
saving themselves for Kerrigan. It was the 
toughest house Win ever played. 

There was aday when one could not imagine 
figure skating playing any sexier than Witt, but 
compared 10 the pressures of the American 
win-ai-all-cosi theme bring played out this 
night, the drama of a two-time Olympic cham- 
pion gambling her pride seemed almost insig- 
nicanL At 28, dressed like Robin Hood and 
dancing to “Prince of Thieves.” sbe skated as if 
she had returned to make things right, to 
restore tbespon to the waysbehadshaperiitin 
the 1980&. Every landing" brought from her a 
smile truer than any from her opponents. Her 
reward or an early lead was maintained 
throughout the first two hours of the program. 
She is in sixth place now. behind Goman 
teammate Tanja Szewczenko (fifth) and Lu 
Chen of China (fourth). 

A few minutes later. Harding appeared with 
the next group. Her dress was red and the 
rhinestones flickered. In the warm-up she was 
concentrating on her triple lutz, the first pan of 
her mandatory combination. She trembled on 
her landing, and the next time she fell. Twice 
more she attempted iu but she was only brave 
enough to complete a double. So this was going 
to decide the night for her. 

Her music was, “Much Ado About Noth- 
ing." You would think sbe might have wanted 
to change that. She began by moving backward 
toward the spot where the ice from her failed 
warm-up takeoffs shone like shiny pieces of 
broken gla« She rook off and spun three 
times, landing on two feet So in the opening 

See SKATE, Page 20 


U.S. Is Cool 
To Yeltsin’s 
Summit Call 
For Bosnia 

White House Brush-Off 
Gets Echo in Germany; 
Maybe Later, They Say 

Compiled t* Oar Staff From DtspauJia 

WASHINGTON — The United States re- 
sponded coolly on Wednesday to President 
Boris N. Yeltsin's proposal for a one-day sum- 
mit meeting on Bosnia, saying such a meeting 
required “a lot 'of preparation.” 

The White House press secretary. Dee Dee 
Myers, did not rule out such talks completely, 
but the tone erf her comments on the Russian 
president's bid for a high-level meeting was 
unemhusiastic. 

“There's a tremendous amount of diplomatic 
action on Bosnia at this time.” she said. “A 
summit at the beads-of -state level would re- 
quire a lot of preparation.” 

Mr. Yeltsin said in Moscow, “I have pro- 
posed to put an end to the Yugoslav problem — 
Jei us meet, the leaders of Russia, the United 
States, France. Britain. Germany." 

"J hare proposed Moscow. Geneva, Boon, 
wherever,” he said, adding that “we would sign 
a document of historic importance and proba- 
bly put a final end to the bloodshed in Yugosla- 
via.” 

Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel of Germany 
said in Boon that the time was not yet ripe for 
summit talks. 

Ms. Myers noted that the discussions about 
how to achieve a peace agreement in Bosnia 
could lay the groundwork for a summit meeting 
at some point, and added, “If that’s an appro- 
priate step, well certainly take a look at it." 

Secretary of State Warren M. Christopher, 
testifying before the Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee, made no direct mention of the 
proposal, but said that cooperation with Russia 
on Bosnia was “not without iis difficulties, but 
nevertheless, the overall cooperation has been 
positive;" 

Mr. Christopher said the United States was 
pursuing its efforts to promote a lasting peace 
settlement through encouraging a Croatian- 
Muslim alliance that would create a kind of 
federated state and enable a two-way rather 
than a three-way division of the former Yugo- 
slavia. 

In Zagreb, Croats and Muslims agreed to a 
comprehensive cease-fire in Bosnia on Wednes- 
day, according to the United Nations special 
envoy, Yasushi AkasbL 

UN troops will deploy to key positions to 
ensure compliance with the terms of the truce. 
A joint commission would be set up by the UN 
peacekeeping force to supervise the carrying 
out of the agreement. 

Mr. Christopher also said that the United 
States was now looking at other UN-declared 
safe zones in Bosnia- Herzegovina and was 
making Tuzla and Srebrenica a priority, but 
that NATO would have to consider very care- 
fully before trying to repeat the Sarajevo opera- 
tion there. 

“We have been considering whether or not 
the Sarajevo precedent can be used elsewhere in 
Bosnia, we discussed that indeed at the White 
House Lhis morning,” Mr. Christopher said, 
“but we're looking at it with a lot of concern 
and a lot of restraint." 

The polite U.S. brushoff of Mr. Yeltsin’s 
proposal came a day after one of America's top 
coun term telligence agents was charged with 
spying for Moscow. 

But it did not appear to be directly related; 
rather, it seemed to reflect general Western 
wariness of Russian diplomacy in the former 
Yugoslav republic. 

“We need to consolidate what’s happened in 
Sarajevo,” Mr. Christopher said. But be added 
he was hopeful that Tuzla airport could be 
reopened. Serbian shelling has dosed the air- 
port, preventing relief workers from aiding 
thousands erf starving Bosnians. 

“I fed a very can-do attitude about that,” he 
said. “I hope that some combination of power 
and diplomacy wifi enable (hat airport to be 
opened.” He noted that, unlike Sarajevo, the 
problem in Tuzla did not stem from shelling 
from the hills but potential anti-aircraft at- 
tacks. 

The United Slates considers an end 10 the 
fighting between Bosnian Croats and Muslim- 
led government forces in central Bosnia crucial 
to an overall peace settlement Numerous 
cease-fires have failed. 

Bosnian Croats and the government were 
initially allies, but now have been battling for 
the 30 percent of Bosnia not claimed by the 
Serbs. 

The cease-fire agreement reflected a new dip- 
lomatic push in the wake of the success of 
NATO's demand that Bosnian Serbs remove 
their heavy weapons from around Sarajevo. 

Then: have been hopes that the plan (hat 
worked for Sarajevo would work elsewhere in 
the country, but the shooting on Tuesday of five 
Swedish peacekeepers near the govemment- 
held city of Tuzla underscored the difficulty of 
realizing those hopes. (Reuters. AP) 


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Behind Legend®^ Queen, a Grim Story 


Kiosk 


' ' V By John F. Bums 

- ’.Mae York Tuns Service • ■ 

NEW DELHI —la the legend, exmveyedby 
, flw boote, films and articles that have 
ooernl India's best-known women, Phoolan 
Ded is known as thfi Bantfit Queen, the Awat^. 

- Newsstand Prices 1 - 

Bahrain LdSOO Din 

Cyprus — ..C.ft.M N K? 

Denmotuao D.Kr. Ri^ 

SfiSr*" 11 FJ « Qcrtor-“TjBJfi Riots , 

pep ireiandiR£T.w 

'Great BHtafiif 0.85 sq yri i Arabia 9-00 1* 1 
.Eaypt-^^E.p. SOOO South Africa ...J? 6 . 

Jordan;;. 1 J D UAE--M?® 1 !* 
Kenyfl.,7.KiSH. ISO ULS. Mil. ( 

Kuwait-.;. 300 HIS Zimbabwe- Zl mSSBM ■ 


mg Augd and the Rcbd of the Ravines — a 
- lower-caste fisherman's daughter from the bad- 
lands south cf Delhi stto'feyded a boil-action 
Manserjifle to protest a life of caste misery arid 


.When Mas Devi was. released, from prison 
Iasi weekend, after 11 yem wihoul trial, few 
newspapers revived tbepimaer tacts behind 
the legend, involving yean; of armed robbery, 
ladnaraong for ransom and murder. 

- “I wul workfw.tiie uj^iftmtait of women and 
the downtrodden,” MSss-Devi^who is illiterate, 
said as she setoff to yistto Hindu -shrines and. 
meet delegates from lower-caste political par- 
ties that^ hope to capture her as a future candi- 


titt timt hcroe to captiire her as ja future cmidi- 
date; of ai feast as a symbol _ 

‘ According: to itidictmarts against Miss Deyi 
DOW bemgquaihcd, the banditry culminated in 
tb^ killing by . MisS Devi’s jpng of 22 men 
belonging to twupper-caste Thakurs, who own 


much of the land in the area of Behmai, a village 
in the arid moonscape of Uttar Pradesh State 
150 nn3« (240 kilometers) south of New Delhi, 
The police verson was that Behmai was less 
an act of social protest than of revenge for the 
kilting of Miss Devi's lover by rival ducats, or 
rural robbers, and for the rape of a Miss Devi 
before she escaped and returning with her own 
dacoitgang. , 

Villagers said that 50 men were taken to the 
river bank for execution when Miss Devi was 
unable to find the two men who killed her lover 
and that the surwvtss included many who were 
gravely wounded. . 

The massacre so shocked India that Indira 
Gandhi, p rime minister at ibe time, ordered a 
police operation that took more than two years 
to bring Miss Devi 10 book, and then only by 
means of a surrender she stage-managed. 

Miss Devi appeared in jeans, with a loaded 


rifle and bandolier. She set terms that included 
a guarantee that she and fellow gang members 
would serve no more than eight years. 

The deal was kept for the men who surren- 
dered with their leader, but Miss Devi remained 
in prison until India's Supreme Court ordered 
her release last Friday. 

The court was reacting to a move in January 
by Mitiayam Singh Yadov, chief minister of a 
newly elected lower-caste government in Uuar 
Piradesh, India’s most populous state. He wail- 
ed only briefly after elections in December 
before annrtnftdng that be ordered tire state to 
chary* against Miss Devi, including several 
relating to the Behmai massacre. 

“She has suffered enough, 4 * he said. 

By then. Miss Devi's stature had outrun the 

See INDIA, Page 4 


Charges Tahrieated,’ Russian Says 


S Down 

19.38 

f|L 3,891.68 

The, Dollar 

NewVwfc. 

DM 

Pound 

Yen 

FF 


UP 

0 - 22 % 

115.62 


1.7288 

1.4785 

< 05.705 

5.8718 


1.7238 

1.479 

105.545 

5.8583 


General Hews 

Kim Yormg Sot expressed optimism North 
Korea would accept inspections. Page 5. 


Book Review 


Page 7. 


MOSCOW (Reuters) — A Russian scien- 
tist accused of betraying state secrets said 
Wednesday that he had been released be- 
cause the charges against him had been 
fabricated, Interfax news agency reported. 

It said the scientist, Vfl Mirzayanov. was 
speaking a day after he was released from 
Matrosskaya Tishina Prison in Moscow. 
Mr. Mirzayanov said he was released be- 
cause the charges against him “had been 
fabricated," 

The prosecution argues that Mr. Mir- 
zayanov revealed stare secrets in a 1992 
newspaper article; in which he said that 
Russian research into chemical weapons de- 
velopment continued until 1991, la to- than 
officially declared. 




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V inSaj^aibjc. ' L«'i . ' . '<* & ■ ? ■ ' ■■ ■i 't vjy ; ““'• ~ ■"— — '"•••• * ■--*- f tV.S" 


Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24* 1994 


France Sets Out to Buy Friendship on U.S, Campuses 


WORLD BRIEFS 



By Ken Brown 

.Vch- York Tima Scmcc 

NEW YORK — Fearful of becoming politically 
and culturally irrelevant. France is giving money to six 
major American universities in the hope of creating a 
new generation of Francophiles. 

The French are responding to declining interest 
among Americans in their language and culture, and 
to growing tension between France and the United 
States, which exploded into the open last year during 
the waning days of world trade talks. 

“France is the one major country that has not put 
much money or effort into American universities." 
said Ezra N. Suleiman, a professor of politics at 
Princeton University. “And with what happened with 
the GATT, they are reeling very misundinstood and 
ignored in the United Stales." 

Other countries, particularly Japan and Germany, 
have been giving money to American colleges and 
universities to further interest in their languages and 
cultures. 

Germany, for example, created centers for German 
studies at Harvard University, the University of Cali' 
forma at Berkeley and Georgetown University. 

The French program creates six Centers of Excel- 
lence in French Studies, which will emphasize interdis- 
ciplinary courses and research in French culture, poli- 


tics and science, said Philippe M. Reiiquet. who is 
based in New York as the deputy cultural counselor at 
the French Embassy. 

The six universities — Harvard. Princeton, John 
Hopkins, Berkeley, the University of Pennsylvania 
and the University of Chicago — will share 5400,000 a 
year for the next three years and will have wide 
discretion in using the money. The French govern- 
ment which will decide on future financing,, is evaluat- 
ing the program. 

While the French government stresses the positive, 
hoping to improve communications and understand-' 
rag between France and the United States, American 
academicians say there are more fundamental reasons 
for its generosity. 

“If France ceases to be important for the Uniied 
States, it's not going to be long before it's not impor- 
tant for anybody else, except the French," said Ste- 
phen G. Nichols, a professor of French and human- 
ities at Johns Hopkins. 

And there is evidence that France has begun to slip 
in the United Slates. A 1991 study by the Modem 
Language Association, which is made up of teachers 
and language scholars, showed that while total college 
enrollment in foreign language classes rose 18 percent 
from 1 986 to 1 990. enrollment in French Tell I peroeoL 

During the same period, enrollment in Japanese 


classes increased 95 percent. Russian 31 percent, 
Spanish 30 percent and German 10 percent. Of the 12 
most popular languages in college instruction, the only 
ones besides French to decline were Hebrew and 
antieni Greek. 

The long-term trend is even more troubling, accord- 
ing to the study, which was financed by the federal 
government. From 1968 to 1990. enrollment in French 
language classes decreased 30 percent, while enroll- 
ment in Japanese classes jumped nearly 1,000 percent. 

The popularity of Japanese and other languages in 
the United States stems in part from support of the 
governments of those countries. And while enrollment 
in language classes is not an exact measure of interest 
in a country, it is a good barometer, educators say. 

“If the French didn't begin to have similar pro- 
grams. it was going to be very difficult to maintain the 
level of visibility that French has always had." Mr. 
Nichols said, adding that for the French, acknowledg- 
ing the problem was half the battle. 

It means, he said, “admitting the undrinkable, 
which means that French culture somewhere in the 
world might not be where it used to be.” 

While the opening of Euro Disney outside Paris and 
the popularity of American movies in France hod 
some effect on the French initiative, officials on both 
sides of the Adamic said the explanation was broader. 


The final 
Agreement on 


days of negotiations on the General 


ays 

Tariffs and Trade in December were 
between the French and Ameri- 
cans over movies and tefevisfon. 

The Fiend] won the baffle, after getting support 
from other European countries, and movies and televi- 
sion were exduded from the proposed world trade- 
liberalization package. 

The fight over opening France to more American 
movies and tdevirion series left bad feelings, which 
have been compounded by French-American disputes 
over agriculture subsidies and the war in Bosnia- 
Herzegovina. Relations between the two countries 
have become strained. 

While the program of academic grants has only a. 
small budget, it was debated at the highest levels of 
French government, Mr. Nichols said. 

“You have to understand," he said, “the French are 
big on concepts, so the concept was a lot bigger than 
the money." 

Irrelevance may be inconceivable, or at least inad- 
missible. to the French. But to Americans who teach 
about France, the prospect is real and they are both 
pleased and relieved at the new program. 

“it allows us to break the stereotypes in which you 
associate France with wine and cheese,” Mr. Nichols 
said. 


Italian Legislator’s Arrest Staved Off 


ROME (Reuters) —1 - - . - ■ _ . , . 

authority on Wednesday to nutke the first arrest of a legislator since the 


Thetbambcr of Droiriies voted, 225to 176,ina^cU»flotnottofift. 
pa ftiatm-ntai y i mnu mity from arxest.of Giuho Di Donato, die feronerj 
deputy leader of the Socialist Party.- - -- ■ ■■-' ; - • . ^ 

Magistrates in Naples had sought pariiamentaiy autiwoty todetain^ 
Mr. Di Donato, 46, on suspicion of rccoving a 500 mphon hre(S3OQ,00G)« 
bribe Cram a company awarded a garbage t»teaion.cootract'm ihe^ 
southern port. The request had, been approved by the tower house. 
committee on parliamentary immunity on rdj. 9. The vote was tsteof the^ 
final acts by the dumber before ejections an March 27-28. . J 


DreyfusGase 

n!n ,.n. ' — ■ ' .1 _ __n i 


PARIS (AP; — A century after the Dreyfus affair, a pofi made public' 
“ afed that most French imnk die lessons to be learned 


Paris Says Breeder Reactor Will Serve Research 


By Barry James 

International HeraU Tnhunc 

PARIS — The French govern- 
ment said Wednesday that it would 
resume operation of the accident- 
plagued Superphenix breeder reac- 
tor. but that the generation of dec- 
tririiy would no Longer be its 
principal purpose. 

Instead, tacitly reflecting grow- 
ing international concern about nu- 
clear proliferation, it said the reac- 
tor would be recommissioned as a 
research machine, partly to study 
how to dispose of plutonium and 
long-lived radioactive waste prod- 
ucts. 

The announcement followed on 
the heels of reports that Japan in- 
tends to slow down its nuclear fuel 
producing and recycling program* 
Japan intends to activate a breeder 
reactor, similar to the Superphenix. 
□ext month. But plans to develop 
other such reactors and expand re- 

E recessing facilities could be set 
ack 20 years, according to Japa- 
nese and U.S. officials in Tokyo. 

The Superphenix reactor at 
Creys-MalviJJe, the first of its kind, 
was conceived in the early 1970s 
during the lime of the first world oil 
crisis and amid concerns that ura- 
nium would become increasingly 
expensive. 

Planners then thought France's 
electricity needs would increase 7 
percent a year indefinitely, which 
has not been the case. And the 
breeder reactor has proved much 
costlier and more complicated to 
operate than light-water reactors. 



5 Tourists 
Wounded 
In Egyptian 
Train Blast 


Wednesday indicated 

from the anti-Semitism case were sfiH rdevant. ... - i 

The frame-up. of Captain Alfred Dreyfus on treascaLChmjpt still had-' 
implications today for 68 percent of tiKMe rcsponding, according to &poQi 
taken last month for La Vie, a weekly maffreine/anq the-Ffgadu League^ 
of Human Rights. Only 19 percent said the affair should be^degaied lo* 
thepasL" ■ * 

The Jewish captain was convicted of treason Dec: 22 , 1894, by court-2 
martial and was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was exonerated by aft 
civilian appeals court in 1906. The mBiany, hatrevet; never reversed its 
guilty verdict. ‘ The survey iadtratedr that 45 percesa of those polled 
believed that xenophobia, racism and antihSemitism Save increased in 
France in the last 106 years, compared with 12 percent who. said the* 
problems had decreased. * 


EU Moves AheadonVotiiig Rights 


m 


tone Bamd’Ageax Foment 

A worker at the entrance to the radioactivity control room of Superphenix, the nuclear plant in Creys-Mahifle, southern France. 



days 

technical problems. 

In its breeder configuration, the 
plant bums a mixture of 15 percent 

? lutonium and 85 percent uranium 
38, and produces both electricity 
and further supplies or fuel in the 
form of plutonium. 

The world is now awash in urani- 
um, partly as a result of military 
cutbacks in the Uniied States and 
Russia. The main international 
concern is about plutonium, which 
can easily be turned into material 
for fusion weapons. 

The Superphenix has been shut 
down since July 1 990, following the 
contamination of its liquid sodium 
coolant. Industry Minister Gerard 


Longuet told reporters that it 
would be used for research and 
demonstration purposes, rather 
than for electricity generation, and 
that the overriding consideration 
would be for security. 

The plant has cost an estimated 
25 billion francs (54— billion), not 
counting foregone income from 
lost electricity generation, and the 
cost of any compensation to the 


io burn the fuel currently in the 
reactor core. And they said it would 
be capable of handling only a liny 
fraction of the nuclear wake pro- 
duced in France each year. 


cost of any compensat 
French-halian-German consor- 


tium that operated the facility. 

In a different configuration of 
the fuel assembly, the breeder reac- 
tor produces less plutonium than it 
consumes and could, in theory, be 
used to bum both excess plutonium 
and some of the long-lived actin- 
ides produced in conventional re- 
actors. But experts said it would 
take several years to convert the 
plant from a breeder to a burner 
role, since it will be necessary first 


Officials stressed that the deci- 
sion on the breeder reactor did not 
affect the country’s nuclear hid re- 
processing program. France, which 
has 57 nuclear reactors producing 
three-quarters of its declridty, op- 
erates two plants at Cherbourg that 
currently handle about 90 percent 
of the world’s reprocessing. 

British plans to activate a similar 
plant this year have been chal- 
lenged in the High Court in Lon- 
don. Japan, which currently oper- 
ates only a pilot reprocessing unit, 
is planning to build a commercial 
unit at Rokkasho. But the status of 
this project was not clear following 
the reports of a slowdown in the 
nuclear program. 


At the Cherbourg plant, about 3 
percent of highly fissile waste is 
removed from irradiated fuel rods 
in a" chemical process. This is then 
sealed into glass blocks to ensure 
its stability. The blocks are stored 
on the site pending permanent un- 
derground disposal at a site yet to 
be selected. 

The remainder of the fuel, con- 
sisting of 1 percent plutonium and 
96 percent uranium, can be reused. 

A mixed oxide reactor fueL con- 
taining plutonium in place of en- 
riched uranium, is used in reactors 
in Germany and Belgium, and at 
five reactors in France, but is not 
currently recyclable. This means 
dial the supply of plutonium from 
the reprocessing is mounting, lead- 
ing to the concern about prolifera- 
tion. 


The Cherbourg plant processes 
ail of France's nuclear fuel as well 


as reactor rods from Japan. Germa- 
ny and some other European coun- 
tries. The agreements rail for the 
return of the reusable uranium, the 
plutonium and Lhe highly radioac- 
tive waste. But when France sent 
back a ton of plutonium belonging 
to Japan last year, an international 
outcry ensued. 

The Uniied Stales abandoned a 
project to build a . commercial re- 
processing plant during the Carter 
administration. It stores spent re- 
actor fuel rods in tanks of water 
above ground. 

Jean Syrota, the president of 
France's fuel recycling firm. Co- 
gem a, says that resource-poor 
countries like France and Japan do 
not have the option of •‘wasting" 
such energy. Each ton of plutoni- 
um. be said, contains the energy 
equivalent of a million tons of pe- 
troleum. 


Reuters 

ASSIUT, Egypt — An explosion 
wounded five foreign tourists and 
five Egyptians traveling in a first- 
class car of a (rain in southern 
Egypt on Wednesday, security 
sources said. 

An explosive device was thrown 
into the car from outride the train 
at 3 P-M„ about half an hour after 
it left the station at Asriut, one of 
the centers of the militant Islamic 
Group. 

The foreigners were a German, 
two Australians and two New Zea- 
landers. Thai wounds were not se- 
rious, the sources said. Among the 
Egyptian casualties were a police- 
man. a scholar and an engineer. 

Gunmen opened fire on the 
night train on the same route last 
Saturday, wounding two foreign- 
ers. 

The explosion on Wednesday 
appeared to be the fourth deliber- 
ate attack on foreigners in Egypt 
this month. The Islamic Group 
took responsibility for the first 
three attacks. The group has ad- 
vised tourists and foreign mvestoii 
to leave the country for their own 
safety. 

In the past 18 months, Muslim 
militants have attacked foreigners 
on 15 occasions, kOKng 3 and 
wounding 22. The attacks have 
devastated the Egyptian tourist in- 
dustry, which used to bring in S3 
billion a year. . 

A few kilometers sooth of the 
explosion, two people were killed 
and eight wounded on Wednesday 
when hundreds of pobcanen, some 
in armored cars, stormed Muslim 
militant hideouts on the edge of the 
desert. The police in the nearby 
town of d-Badari said that the mili- 
tants opened fire first and that it 
took about an hour for policemen 
to win control of the area. 

A policeman and a Muslim mQi- 
tant were killed. 


BRUSSELS (Reuters) — : European Ujakm citizens, living. and paying 
taxes in an EU country other than theirfown should be allowed to vote 
and run far office m that country, the European Commission said 
Wednesday. 

The move affects 5 million EU citizens, among them 1.2 million 
Italians and £40.000 Portuguese, living outside their home country. 

■“ f live in a community, they pay their taxes, and, therefore, are 
to have a say in (he way in winch things are run,” said Raniero' 


V" 


Varmi rTAichirafi an FI ) cornmiaskmer- EU states are due to approve the 


proposal by the aid of the year for it take effect on July 1, 

U.S. Backs Hanoi Bid to Join ASEAN 


MANILA (AFP) — The United Stales supports Vietnam’s tad for 
membership in the Association of South East Asian Nations along with 
Cambodia and Laos as part of their nimeraratiaa imo the regional 
economy, a senior American official said Wednesday. 

The official, Sandra KristoH. director for Asian affairs at the U.S. 1 - 
National Security Council, said she three countries could also eventually 
join the 17-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. i 
“The Uniied Suites believes that the three Indochinese economies 
should is fact be reintegrated into the Southeast Asian economy," she 
raid at a satellite conference with Asian journalists arid diplomats. She 
added that Washington “would be supportive of efforts to bring those 
three into existing institutions," such as ASEAN. 


Afghans Attack Pakistan Embassy 


KABUL (AFP) — A mob of Afghan demonstrators attacked the 
Pakistan . Embassy in Kabul on Wednesday, badly beating several Paki- 
stani employees, smashing. windows and furniture and bunting the 
Pakistani flag in the" street ; 

■Security forces were slow ia responding to what started as a peaceful 
march to the embassy, where demonstrators wanted to protest the killing 
of three Afghan gunmen at the Afghan Embassy in Islamabad. The 
gunmen, who held drikfren hostage in (he embassy, were killed on 
Monday by Pakistani commandos. 

On Wednesday, two badly beaten and bleeding Pakistani staff mem- 
bers narrowly escaped a l ynching when they woe dragged outside by the 
enraged crowd. “The Pakistanis disgraced our embassy in Islamabad,” 


one demonstrator said. “This is oar response." 


111 




1C’ 


1 


if 1 " ■ f 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


i 




Jerusalem Mosque Nearly Restored 




JERUSALEM (AFP) — The Dome of the Rode Mosque, one of thd 
holiest sites in Mam, wffl irappear m its fuD gksy bn March 20 when tb^ 
scaffolding comes off after more dan a year of restoration. 

King Hussein pf Jordan financed die 58 million restoration of the 7th- 
century shrine, which houses the sacred rode upon which Abraham 
prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac and from where Mohammed began biS 


i r-v- - 


Night Journey to heaven, according to tradition. 

The dome, which dominates the Cftd Ghy of Jen 
Mount esplanade, which is holy to Muslims, Jews and 


Ghy of Jerusalem atop the Temple 


K' 


been covered with a tirin layer of. 24-carat gold. The original dome was 
gpld. but history says it was mdted down to pay' off a caliph’s debts. , 


it -i. 


Austria Fights U.S. Backing for a Soviet-Designed Atom Plant 


At least 12 people (Bed in traffic aoridests across Germany after : 
left roads icy, the police said Wednesday. Chaos was reported on man;} 
highways, with multiple crashes and traffic jams. (Reuters) 


if;'- 


By Thomas W. Lippman 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — A Uniied States decision to 
provide loan guarantees that would permit completion 
of a Soviet-designed nuclear power plant in the Czech 
Republic is drawing strong objections from Austria 
and from environmental groups. 

Austria issued a diplomatic protest Tuesday in an 
effort to persuade Congress to prevent the Export- 
Import Bank from issuing the guarantees. The plant 
would be less than 40 miles (65 kilometers) from the 
Austrian border. 


The Ex-Im Bank has notified Congress that it in- 
tends to guarantee S3 17 million in international loans 
so that CEZ. the Czech electric utility, can hire Wes- 


Lingbouse Electric Co. to finish the plant and provide 
nuclear fuel. The bank made its decision after the 
While House endorsed the project. 

Any move to complete and operate a Soviet-de- 
signed nuclear plant was bound to stir controversy in 
Eastern and Central Europe, still traumatized by the 
1986 Chernobyl disaster. But the Ex-Ira bank agreed 
to the deal after the National Security Council and the 
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory' Commission approved it. 
Ex-Im concluded it represented an economically feasi- 
ble way to provide electricity to Lhe Czech Republic 
while reducing air pollution there caused by coal- 
buming power plants. 

By law. the Ex-Im bank decision cannot become 
finai until 35 da vs after the notification to Congress, 
which was dated* Jan. 27. 


An Austrian delegation beaded by the former for- 
eign minister, Peter Jankowitsch. is in Washington 
trying to persuade Congress to block the transaction. 
The delegation issued an aide-memoire proclaiming 
Austria’s “most serious concern about the derision to 
attempt grafting U.S. instrumentation and control 
systems, and a new fuel design onto a flawed Soviet 
design, particularly at this stage of construction." 

The 1,900-megawail Teradin Nuclear Power Plant 
consists of two units — one about 65 to 85 percent 
complete, the other 50 percent complete — according 
to trade journals. 

“An accident atTemebn could result in devastating 
health, environmental, economic and social conse- 
quences for all of Austria's eight million citizens.” 
according to a “technical memorandum" prepared for 


the delegation by Austrian scientists. “The Chernobyl 
experience has shown that nuclear hazards do not 
respect national borders.” 

That report said the International Atomic Energy 
Agency had identified 16 areas in which the Soviet 
reactors, known as WER-1000. were “deficient when 


compared to U ^.regulations and IAEA standards.” 


National Security Council's review, however, 
said the agency and the Department of Energy agreed 
that “the WER-1000 design can be improved to meet 
a level of safety acceptable to Western countries." 

The Clinton administration is satisfied that Czech 
nuclear regulators have the “technical competence 
and commitment to safety" to 
erly once 
Im bank 


Northwest Asfinesrwffi tram 2S0 Chinese (flats from five carriers to 
help ease China's acute shortage of skilled pilots, a senior airline official 
said Wednesday. Pilots from China Southwest, China Eastern, China 
Northern, Shanghai Airlines, arid Xiam en Airlin es will take initial oq 
refresher courses at the~U.S. airline's Northwefl Aerospace Tr 
Corp. in Minneapolis. (Reuters). 

Japan's magnetic levitation tram has set a speed record of 423 kflome-i 
ters (263 miles) an hour during a test nm in Hyuga hi southern . 
officials said Wednesday, (AFP) 

ThaBand enjoyed a 13.7 percent rise hr tourists in the first 10 months olj 
last year, compared with the same period in the previews year, thq 
Tourism Authority of Thailand said Wednesday. fAFPi 


. * 
"5 C. 




regulators nave toe tecmucai competence 

mtment to safety" to operate the plant prop- * 7 - -m -m jrj m ' ' - fWT FI 

WMtinghoase completes it, lhe memo U) Ex- Ko/W trives a Ip lolk 


EUROPEAN 


TOPICS 


Proposed Tax on Childless 
Provokes Outcry in Germany 

in Germany, as in many developed countries, the : 
family is falling on hard times. But a federal minis- : 
ter's proposal to tax childless Germans in order to 
increase family benefits has brought angry dissent. \ 
The numbers tell Lhe storv: More than half of all I 


Germans live in childless or one-child households, 
and only one household in 20 has three or more 
children, reports the magazine WirtschaftsWoche. 
Parents having their seventh child (or more> receive a 
bonus or 500 Deutsche marks (S290) and the con- 
gratulations of the federal president. But last year, 
fewer than 600 couples qualified, and President 
Richard von Weizsacker was kept far busier congrat- 
ulating those Germans who turned 100 (there were 
1,959. up from 1.827). 

Hannclore Roensch. minister for families, says an 
additional 9 billion DM is needed for family bene- 
fits. Bui her proposal to tax the childless has been 
sharply condemned by representatives of all parties. 
“We need a new tax on the childless.” said the 


Christian Democrats' Friedhdm Ost, “like we need 
a new tax on the bearded or the bald.” 


The number of British men using an ti ^fisr ri mi na - 
tion laws to secure jobs traditionally held by women 
is up sharply. The Sunday Times reports. More than 
40 percent of such complaints are now filed by men 
seeking work as secretaries, sales assistants, or in 
child-care and health- related fields. The trend, ac- 


cording to the Equal Opportunities Commission, is 

explained partly by recession and partly by a shift 


from manufacturing to the service sector throughout 
the economy. 


One of France’s best-known astrologers, Elizabeth 
Teissier, has launched a campaign for the creation of 


a “chair of research on the statistics and the 1 

of the history of astrology” at the Sorbonne. 

lions of French read their horoscopes every day, and 
until 1666, when the redoubtable Jean-Baptiste Col- 
bert derided otherwise, astrology was taught at the 
Sorbonne. Scientists contacted by Le Point said they 
found it depressing that anyone stiD spoke of astrol- 
ogy as if it were a serious discipline. But. Mme. 
Teissier says President Franqois Mitterrand was 
sympathetic to her idea when she broached it with 
turn a few years ago; she foretells success m her 
quest. 


Brian Knowlton 



HAMBURG (Reuters) - — 
Chanting “Helmut! Helmut!" dele- 
gates wound up a three-day con- 
gress of Germany’s Oirisuon Dem- 
ocrats on -Wednesday after 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl's closing 
caJUo arms in an election year.- v 

ered his OnaTpep. talk before a 

series of 19 ballots in 1994, starting 
with the Lower Saxony state poll 
cm March 13. “We arc determined 
to fight for every vote.” he said. 
“This is a message of confidence 
that we can all convey.” ' 


. But Mr. Kohl, faring his most 
difficult, election challenge afti 
nearly 12 years in power, gave ! 
.struggtingpaxty few new ideas fo 
tackling Germany's record unemt 
ptqyment of four milfion, the issu£ 
voters say overshadows all others 
He and other speakers spent 
-more time- attacking Ruaoll 


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Afc&icb Hazefl Ames entering a car after be was nrraigped at federal court ih Alexandria, Virginia, on charges of spying lor Russia. 

In 1980s , U S. Caught Swarms of Spies 


The Associated Press 

The case of Aldrich JL Ames is the latest m a 
series. Fottowmg are some other recent cases that 
have been made public 

• A former CIA agent, David H. Barnett, 

pleaded guilty in 1980 to spying for the Soviet 
Union between 1976 and 1979 wink he was 
based in Indonesia. Hie first current or former 
CIA agent convicted of espionage, Mr. Barnett 
admitted to haying exposed the identities of 30 
American agents. . 

• Retired Warrant Officer John A. Walker . 
Jr. of the U.S. Navy pleaded, guilW m !985 
along with his son, Soman Michael L Walker, 
22, to charges of spying for the Soviet Union. 
Mr. Walker admitted to having passed secrets 
to the Soviets while he was a shipboard commu- 
nications officer and after his retirement by 
Recruiting his son. brother and a Mend to pro- 
vide fresh information. ' 


Mr. Walker's brother, Arthur Walker, a nr» 
tired navy lieutenant commander, was convict- 
ed in 1985 of stealing secret documents from a 
defense contractor and giving them to John A. 
Walker Jr. for delivery to the Soviets. . 

. • A former CIA clerk, Sharon Scranage, 
pleaded guilty in 1983 to disclosing the nsmus 
of US. intelligence agents to her Ghanaian 
boyfriend. Miss Scranage served in Ghana for 
the CIA. 

- ' • A QA translator. Larry Wu-tai Chin, was 
convicted in 1986 of spying for China since 
1952. Within days of bis conviction, Mr. Chin 
killed himself by placing a plastic bag over his 
face m dk of asphyxiation. 

• A former CIA officer, Edward Lee How- 
ard, fled the country in 1985 as the FBI was 
investigating him for spying for the Soviet 
Union. Mr. Howard, who is accused of disclos- 
ing the identities of CIA agents in Moscow. 


turned op in the Soviet Union in 1986. where be 
still lives. 

• A former employee of the National Securi- 
ty Agency. Ronald W. Pdton, was convicted in 
1986 of selling lop-secret signals intelligence 
information to the Soviet Union. 

• Jonathan Jay P oDard, a civilian navy intel- 
ligence analyst, pleaded guilty in 1986 to spying 
for Israel He is serving a life sentence, but 
President Bill Ginton is considering his appli- 
cation for clemency, which is supported by the 
Israeli government. 

• Feb* Block, a Foreign Service officer, was 
suspended in 1989 by the State Department 
after reportedly being monitored by video cam- 
era passing a suitcase to a Soviet agent in Paris. 
Mr. Bloch, who was once charge d'affaires at 
the U.S. Embassy in Vienna, was not charged 
with espionage, but was dismissed in 1990 on 
grounds that he lied to investigators. 


But Mr. Clinton and other top 
UiL officials emphasized that Rus- 
sia’s response to stem U.S. com- 
plaints about the matter could have 
some impact on U.S.-Russian rela- 
tions. 

The White House's dual message 
strongly implied that Washington 
was seeking 10 maintain the overall 
direction of its Russia policy while 
exacting some price from Moscow 
for its alleged complicity in obtain- 
ing damaging U^. secrets from Al- 
drich Hazen Ames. 

Mr. Ames, a senior CIA officer 
who formerly oversaw counterin- 
telligence against the Soviets, was 
charged Tuesday with passing se- 
crets to the Soviet Union and then 
to the Russian government. 

Mr. Clinton said his policy, 
which has focused on vigorous sup- 
port for President Boris N. Yeltsin 
as long as be continues on a path 
toward greater democracy and 
free-market economics, was not in 
jeopardy. 

“1 do not think the facts of this 
case at this time undermine in anv 
way, shape or form the policy we 
have followed for the last year to- 
ward President Yeltsin and his gov- 
ernment and the forces of change in 
Russia.” Mr. Clinton said at an 
impromptu news conference. 

He added: “1 still believe it is in 
the interest of the United State to 
support democracy, to support the 
movement toward economic re- 
form, to support the absence of 
weapons proliferation, to support 
the denuclearization of Russia." 

But the president also character- 
ized the Ames matter as “unusually 
serious.” 

In direct complaints to the Rus- 
sian government. U.S. officials 
have reportedly demanded the 
withdrawal of Russian diplomats 
wbo they believed worked with Mr. 
Ames to obtain U.S. secrets. 

There were also signs that the 
CHnton administration was consid- 
ering expulsion of the Russian dip- 
lomats if Moscow did not act vol- 
untarily, and the White House may 


hzve also demanded further Rus- 
sian actions to clear the air. 

U.5. officials refrained from 
publicly spelling out any demands. 

“We nave launched a formal pro- 
test and a strong one." Mr. Clinton 
said. "I think we should wait and 
see what the full response of the 
Russians is before we make any 
other determinations." 

Earlier. Dee Dee Myers, the 
White House press secretary , said. 
“IF they don't take action, we will." 

Some of the strongest Language 
came from Secretary of Slate War- 
ren M. Christopher’ 

Saying that recent Russian ac- 
tions* have “revived our fears." he 
told a Senate committee that “the 
extent of (be effect of this incident 
on our relationship with Russia will 
depend upon Russian actions in 
the days ahead." 

Mr. Christopher repeatedly re- 
ferred to the espionage matter as 
“very serious.” 

Despite murmurings in Congress 
suggesting that the future of U.S. 
financial aid to Russia should be 
reviewed. Mr. Christopher gave no 
hint that such aid hung in the bal- 
ance. 

At least one important senator 
said Wednesday that the incident 
should be linked to future aid. Den- 
nis DeConcim. an Arizona Demo- 
crat who is chairman of ibe Senate 
Select Committee on Intelligence, 
said he hoped UJ5. officials would 
teD the Russians that “if they con- 
tinue this kind of operation, it's 
going to jeopardize future fund- 
ing” 

Mr. Christopher said that U.S. 
aid was not “chanty.” but rather an 
investment in the kinds of demo- 
cratic reforms that are in the strate- 
gic interests of the United States. 

“We don't have illusions about 
the Russians.” Mr. Christopher 
told Congress. “We understand 
that the intelligence service may 
have changed its name, but it’s 
probably not changed its method 
of operation. So we need to be very 
vigilant." 

The secretary of state declined to 
spedfv the demands US. officials 
have made of Russia in connection 
with the Ames case. On Tuesday, 
he called in the Russian charge 
d’affaires in Washington “to pro- 
test in the strongest terms." 


Moscow Dismisses Episode as a Trifle, ‘Nothing Sensational 9 


By Lee Hockstader * 

Washington Past Service 

MOSCOW — Senior Russian 
government -amL'cntfifligeBee^fli-' - 
dak rolled their .eyes raWednes- 
day over the spy furor in Washing- 
ton, 'dismissing- it —a* -a 
commonplace trifle and the Amei> 
can reaction as naive, excitable br 
perhaps a jealous rejoinder to Rus- 
sia’s recent diplomatic coup in Bos- 
nia. f 

At title same lime, W Mpfle n l-Bo- 
fis N. Yeltsin's senior spokesman 
unleashed a fierce. Cold War-style 
tirade against NATO, accusing the 
Western aDtance of war-moegeriog 
in Bosnia. ... 

‘ In the comments of several se- 
nior officials, there was an under- 
,woe of concern on Wednesday that 
for the first time since tbecouapse 
bf Soviet communism, tendon be- 
tween Washington and Moscow 
might challenge the vaunted new 
partnership between the Cold War 
rivals. 


- On the spy- case, Russian offi- 
cials accused Washington of over- 
reacting, fiat at (be same time, no 
QprdnJhe Rusaangt>vcrnxi>eiil de- 
nied that' Aldrich Hazen Airies, a 
keyClA'official arrested this week 
on -suspicion of espionage, had 

spied for Moscow. 

- *Thet&is nothing sensational in 
the fact, that intelligence services 
are working in various countries,” 
said Yuri Kobaladze, chief spokes- 
man for the Russia’s Foreign Intd- 
Hgence Service, a successor agency 
to the KGB, speaking. an Russian; 
television. ‘This is totally the prob- 
lem of Waritmgton, the OA and 
the FBLli doesn't involve us.” 

Mr. Kabaladze also warned 
Washington against Upsetting bi- 
lateral relations. “We have to be 
very careful not to rock the boat,” 
he said, according to Reuters. 

. . Mr.- Yehan’s chief spokesman, 
Vyacheslav Kostikov, warned 
Washington a gain* * “returning to 
the psychology of die Cold. War 
and whipping up distrust and a new 


wave of spy mani a,” which be said 
would “contradict the ideas of an 
international partnership for 
peace.” 

I Mr. Ames, a former chief of the 
CIA's counterintelligence branch 
for the Soviet Union arid then Rus- 
sia. was arrested and charged with 
receiving about SI J million in re- 
turn for furnishing secrets to Mos- 
cow for years. 

The Russian remarks playing 
down the case came as the US. 
ambassador to Russia, Thomas R. 
Pickering, delivered a formal pro- 
test on Wednesday to Deputy For- 
eign Minister Sergei Lavrov. Mr. 
Lavrov was standing in fra Foreign 
Minister Andrei Y. Kozyrev, who 
was in Poland. 

At a news conference in the Pol- 
ish city of Krakow, Mr. Kozyrev 
said: “I think we have already 
readied a stage in our relations 
where any incident requires proof. 
I rule out any breakefown in our 
partnership. There may be corapii- 


catioos. so we need to stabilize our 
partnership." 

Gleg Kalugin, a retired KGB 
general, said in an interview that 
spying continued much as before 
between the two countries, but that 
it had. lost much of its subversive 
nature of the Cold War. 

“This is something we have to 
live with." Mr. Kalugin said. “I 
think this case has bran overdra- 
matized by U.S. officials. Lode, we 
did have KGB guys arrested in 
Moscow as CIA spies, and nobody 
ever demanded the withdrawal of 
embassy officials. 1 would lake this 
as one of those episodes left over 
from the Cold War." 

He said that it was “a major coop 
for the Soviets.” because Mr. Ames 
had worked for so long for Mos- 
cow. and added: “It’s also a major 
coup Tor U.S. counterintelligence. 
So I would congratulate both.” 

Mr. Kalugin and other analysis 
noted that United States espionage 
in Russia did not appear to have 


diminished since the collapse of 
communism at the end of 1991. 

Last month, on the eve of Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton's visit to Moscow, 
a senior counterintelligence official 
said at a news conference here that 
20 Russians had been arrested re- 
cently for spying, presumably in- 
chiding at least some working for 
U.S. intelligence agencies. The pro- 
nouncement received little publici- 
ty and was not remarked upon by 
other Russian officials. 

The Russian news agency Inter- 
fax quoted an unidentified senior 
Russian diplomat as expressing 
surprise that Washington chose to 
make the Ames case public. "Our 
agents work in the US, and Amer- 
ican agents work in Russia.” he 
said, “ft is business as usual.” 

The official added that some 
American diplomats working for 
the CIA and some Russian citizens 
could be exposed as spies for the 
United States, “but we don’t do 
this.” 

“The Americans don’t do this 


either," he said. “Why should they 
cast a shadow on relations with 
Russia? It is here that the Clinton 
administration gains the most 
points." 

Several Russian analysts sug- 
gested that ibe Clinton administra- 
tion might use the Ames case to 
embarrass Russia because of 
Washington's unease over Mos- 
cow’s rde in lifting the siege of 
Sarajevo, the Bosnian capital. 

Under the threat of NATO’s ul- 
timatum to bomb Serbian artillery 
positions besieging Sarajevo. Rus- 
sia moved 400 of its troops under 
the United Nations Hag into the 
area last weekend and persuaded 
ibe Serbs to withdraw. The move 
obviated the need for immediate 
NATO air strikes but left many 
American officials suspicious of 
Moscow’s motives. 

The Kremlin, for its part, trum- 
peted its role as a triumph for Mr. 
Yeltsin and Russian diplomacy 
and as a sign of Russia’s re-emer- 
gence as a world power. 


WASHINGTON — The Justice Department has acted to protect 
black-majority congressional districts that are faring private legal 
challenges in three states and is considering similar action in a fourth 
suite. . 

The department moved to intervene and join the state of Georgia 
in defending a challenge to the constitutionality of the district of 
Representative Cynthia McKinney, one of three black and eight 
white House members from Georgia. 

It decided to file friend-of-tbe-coun briefs in similar cases in 
North Carolina, where the district of another Democratic represen- 
tative. Melvin Wait, has been challenged, and in Texas, where a 
Latino-majority district and a black majority district in the Houston 
area have been attacked as unconstitutionally drawn. 

“This department is committed to protecting minority voting 
rights gains that were achieved through redisricting after (he 1990 
census." Attorn ev General Janet Reno said. 

“Our actions today will help ensure that the dock is not turned 
b irk and that those gains are not undone,” she said. 

Later. President Bill Clinton added: “These hard-won victories 
must not be abandoned." 

Ms. Reno's announcement and Mr. Clinton's follow-up state- 
ment. however, failed to reassure members of the Congressional. 
Black Caucus and other minority leaders who said even stronger 
action was necessary to preserve blade and Latino gains achieved as 
a result of redisiriciing for the 1992 elections. 

“We think she should intervene in all of the cases.” said Represen- 
tative Geo Fields. Democrat of Louisiana, whose Z-shaped district 
has been ruled unconstitutional by a three-judge federal court The 
Justice Department filed a friend-of-thecourt brief in his case, 
which is now being appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. 

The private lawsuits were filed after the Supreme Court ruled last 
year in a North Carolina case that state legislatures might be 
violating white voters’ rights to equal protection of the laws by 
creating congressional districts designed to give minorities an elec- 
toral majority. 

Pr imar ily as a result of political boundary changes, 13 more blacks 
and six more Latinos were elected to the House m 1992. 

Blacks were sent to Congress for the first time in a century from 
Virginia and for the first time ever from North Carolina, South 
Carolina, Florida and Arkansas. (LA T) 


Money isn't Everything, the Losers Learn 

WASHINGTON — Looking at the year-end bank accounts of the 
national political party committees, it’s hard to tell the winners from 
the losers. 

The Democratic N alional Committee raised a record amount for a 
nonpresidential year but spent most of it 

The Republican National Committee, which lost the contest for 
the White House, is flush. 

And while President Bill Clinton says campaign finance reform is 
a legislative priority, his party raised nearly hah its funds in 1993 
from wealthy individuals and corporations in so-called soft money 
— one or the most criticized aspects of the present system. 

Records of the Federal Election Commission show that the 
Democratic National Committee raised $31.2 milli on last year. 

But it had more debts than cash in the bank before counting its 
soft-money reserves. 

The Republican National Committee outdid the Democrats by 
nearly SI0 million. 

’ It had nearly $7 million in the bank and no debts heading into 
1994. when 36 'governorships are up for grabs, as well as the entire 
House and 34 Senate seats. ( WP) 


High Court Protects Federal Agencies 

WASHINGTON — Federal agencies cannot be forced to pay 
monetary damages to people whose constitutional rights they violat- 
ed. the Supreme Court ruled Wednesday. 

A 1971 high court ruling allows people who allege constitutional 
violations to sue federal officials in federal courts. But the justices 
Wednesday unanimously said the government and its agencies were 
not subject to such lawsuits. 

“If we were to imply a damages action directly against federal 
agencies, there would be no reason for aggrieved parties to bring 
damages actions against individual officers,” Justice Clarence 
Thomas wrote for die court. 

That would end the deterrent effect of the 1971 ruling, be said. 


House Leader Injured in Auto Accident 

WASHINGTON — Robert H. Michel of Illinois, the House 
Republican leader, suffered head injuries in a car accident near the 
Capitol budding, his office sard. 

He was taken to a hospital but his injuries did not appear serious, 
an aide said. (AP) 


Quote/ Unquote 

Secretary of State Warren M. Christopher 
“The continuation of Russian espionage activities against the 
United States is unacceptable.” (AP) 


Away From Politics 


• The officer who supervised poficanen the night that Rodney G. 
King was beaten in 1991 should be fired because of Ms felony 
conviction in the case, a Los Angeles Pt^ccDqrartinatt disciplinary 
panel has ruled. Sergeant Stacey Koon waa convicted of violating 
Mr. King’s civil rights and is serving a 30-mbnth prison tom. 

• PUMps Academy wffl be beaded by amman for the fim time. The 
Andover. Massachusetts, boarding school named Barbara Landis . 
Phase to succeed Donald W. McNemar. Ms. Chase has been head 
unstress of Baltimore's all-girls Bryn Mawr School since 1980. . 

• Less than 24 bows after (women grabbed sack* con taming more 

thtm si million in gambling receipts from Mery Griffin’s Casino 
Hold in Atlantic Cfty.New Jersey, the police arrested five people 
and charged them with p lanning the holdup. AH but $6,000 of the 
money from the robbery was recovered. A security gu4rd was shot 
dazing the robbery. ' : 

• Each of the 11 defendants in the Branch Darfdno monks’ and 
conspiracy trial bad an opportunity to leave the compound hear 
Waco when David Koresh began preaching aboot a-coraing battle 
with the federal “beast” but chose to stay on, a prosecutor said in 
San Antonia, Texas, as closing arguments began in the sx- week trial. 

• OMerwyinig are dScrhninfd aga i n s t hi feetting job ofiera. aooord- 
mg to a study by the American Association of Retired Bosons. But it 
said the discrimination was less prevalent among successful compa- 
nies than among less successful ones. - ' ..AP. m t JKP. Rooms 


By Steven Greehnhonse 

Sea- York Times Server 

Washington —T he .Sena* 
has confirmed Strobe Talbott as 
deputy secretary of state, but only 
after Republicans skewered the 
CUn tm admini stration’s diplomat- 
ic record as well as that of the 
•iwmmee. ? 

The no mina tion drew 66 voles in 
favor, and a surprising 31 against. 
Mr. Talbott is widely viewed as a 
hkdy successor to Secretary of- 
State Warm M. Christopher, if 
Mr. Christopher leaves hisjob. 

For several hours on Tutadav, 
RepoWicaa Senators attacked Mr. 
Talbott, emteatiy the ambassador 
at iami to the republics of the for- 
mer Soviet Union, over the admin- 
istration’s pdides toward the fra- 
mCT Soviet MC and. over articles be 
wrote fra Time magazine about Is- 
rael and East-West relations. 


• The' Republicans repeatedly 
faulted Mt Talboti, who is a long- 
time friend and Oxford .roommate 
of President Bill Gmtan, for criti- 
cizing the Reagan Administration's: 
tough approach toward * Russia. 
They said Mr. Talbott’s current ap- 
proach toward Russia was too soft 
tin Moscow’s occasionally expan- 
sive polity, toward Geoi|ja.and 
other framer Soviet republics. 

“My concerns.’’ said Bob Dde, 
the Senate minority leader, “rest 
with Mr- Talbott’s perspective on 
U.S. fowgnpo&y jhatttte.4^spe- 
oficaDy ills jodgmem on. how, best- 
tin promote US. interests.” •' ' 

Until last week, Mr. Dofesaid be 
• was reluctantly willing to vote for' 
Mr. Talbott. But .as- speculation 
great fiat be would someday be 
made secretary of state,' the senator 
conchideff fee had fi> lake'a harder;, 
look. „ .... 


Dreams of a Rookie Woman Cop, 45, Are Ended by a Bullet 


The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — Armed with 
a mother’s wisdom and driven by a 
dream, Christy Haimlum seized the 
chance to become a cop at age 45. 
She paid with her life. 

Officer Hamilton, one of the old- 
est recruits ever to graduate from 
die academy, was shot and killed 
on Tuesday by a 17-year-old wbo 
then shot his father and himself. 
- the police said. 

Barely a month into her new ca- 
reer, Officer Hamilton became the. 
city’s second woman officer killed 
in the line of duty. The first. Officer- 
Tina Kerbrat, was also a rookie 
when she was shot and killed in 
1991 at age 34. 

Last Friday. Officer Hamflioa 
received the Tina Kerbrat Award 
from her academy classmates, who 
voted iter the most inspirational 
officer. 


V JNo. 2 


“Pve waited 23 years fra this," 
Officer Hamilton said after receiv- 
ingber diploma. 

She sprat those years nurturing 
her dream and her family. The 
daughter of a police detective. Offi- 


cer Hamilton married early and 
raised a daughter and a son. She 
divorced, married a firefighter and 
raised two stepchildren. 

Until last year, the police depart- 
ment did not accept applicants 


over 35. but finally. Officer Hamil- me and said: ‘They lifted the age Officer Hamilton started work- 
ton got her chance. ceiling. Why don't you lake the ing the streets the day of the Jan. 17 

“Last October ray father called test?* ” earthquake. 



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Jesse Helms, the ranking Repub- 
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'• Several Republican senators 
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Page 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1994 


Russians Yearning for Change 

But They Cannot Agree on How to Proceed 


By Margaret Shapiro 
and Fred Hiatt 

Washington Pan Service 

MOSCOW —They lined up for 
hours in the gloomy cold, stamping 
their boots w ihe" black slush of 
Manezh Square. The patient thou- 
sands waited not Tor bread, as they 
might have two years ago, but to 
buy shares in an automobile fac- 
tory. During two days in Decem- 
ber. they had bet a b'tQion rubles on 
the risky new venture. 

Across town, the other side of 
Russia's economy could be found 
in the dark and quiet workshops of 
one of Russia's largest truck mak- 
ers. The workers of the Zil factory 
are on monthlong Furloughs be- 
cause the plant has been unable to 
survive without the giant govern- 
ment subsidies of the past. 

The two scenes reflect where 
Russia stands two years into its 
attempt to convert its economy 
from Soviet socialism to free-mar- 
ket capitalism. In recent weeks, 
many nave concluded that the ini- 
tiative is in grave, perhaps even 
fatal trouble. Reformers have been 
pushed out of power and the gov- 
, eminent of President Boris N. Yelt- 
sin is now managed by ex-Soviet 
apparatchiks, eager to slow or re- 
verse the course. Communist and 
ultranaiionalist forces are ascen- 
dant. riding a wave of public dis- 
content. 

But. in fact. the situation in Rus- 
sia is contradictory and complicat- 
ed. A rudimentary market econo- 
my, crass and corrupt, has bunt 
;into life and changed the face of 
Russia's cities with billboards and 
glittery storefronts. Meanwhile, the 
old Soviet system of huge govern- 
ment subsidies bangs on. Missile 
factories and collective farms alike 
seem near collapse and still look to 
Moscow for rescue. 


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05 437 4 37 


Rusria so far has avoided the 
predicted starvation, mass unrest 
and other disasters. Moreover, 
many Russians have seized on their 
new freedom to buDd businesses or 
spin off private farms with a gusto 
for personal initiative that many 
experts had said would be missing 
for at least a generation. 

At the same time, at least one- 
quarter of Russians are officially 
impoverished, unable to afford on- 
ions with their nighdy potatoes, 
and an even larger segment feel 
themselves worse off than under 
communism. There is an almost 
universal sense or exhaustion after 
two years, and some Russians have 
begun to ask if their country may 
be incapable of embracing West- 
ern-Style capitalism. 

There is a widespread feeling 
that something different must be 
tried. But there is little agreement 
on what 

“Russia today is short or politi- 
cal ideas," acknowledged Yegor T. 
Gaidar, the architect of Russia’s 
reforms who resigned from the gov- 
ernment last month and believes 
that the solution is to go faster. “All 
the words have been pronounced. 
Life has become worse for many 
people. And a great disappoint- 
ment has manifested itself." 

Mr. Gaidar, a 36-year-old econo- 
mist who sometimes seems cursed 
by an ability to see his failures as 
well as bis achievements in histori- 
cal perspective, noted that every 
previous auempL at Russian reform 
had begun from the top. From Pe- 
ter the Great to Stalin, these top- 
down spurts of modernization 
seemed to bear fruiL 

But each burst of enforced, and 
often brutal industrialization was 
followed by collapse or stagnation, 
Mr. Gaidar said, in which Russia 
again found itself trailing the 
world. 

So when Russia freed prices and 
stopped setting producuon quotas 
in early 1992. “it was a method- 
ologically new breakthrough in 
Russian history,*' Mr. Gaidar 
wrote in the newspaper Izvestia. 


“The state did not spur the people, 
but on the contrary loosened its 
grip-" . , 

Some critics disagree, saying mat 
Mr. Gaidar and his allies fell into 
the old Russian pattern by forcing 
privatization and free markets on a 
suspicious population with the zeal 
of Peter the Great cutting off his 
boyars’ “Oriental” beards. 

The reformers moved too fast, 
the critics say. No wonder that half 
of Russians stayed away from De- 
cember's parliamentary elections, 
while a majority of the rest voted 
for Comm unis ts or uliranational- 
ists such as Vladimir V. Zhirin- 
ovsky. 

The reformers say that, on da 
contrary, the government moved 
too slowly. That spurred inflation, 
crimping badly needed investment. 

In fact, experts agree, it was nev- 
er realis tic to think that Russia 
could leap full-blown into democ- 
racy and free- market prosperity. 
Reform in Russia actually faced 
not one. but three huge challenges, 
said the Harvard economist Jeffrey 
Sachs. There was the financial mess 
left by the Soviet regime, which had 
frittered away resources. and run up 
huge debts, there was 3 vast state 
bureaucracy and rules that smoth- 
ered normal impulses of supply 
and demand. Finally, Russia's in- 
dustrial base was fatally skewed 
toward military and smokestack in- 
dustry. 

Russia, under its reform govern- 
ment. actually made progress in the 
first two areas. Helped by an agree- 
ment to postpone debt payments to 
the Wes l the nation's foreign-ex- 
change reserves grew. The ruble for 
the fust lime became a quasi-con- 
vertible currency. 

An empty-shdf economy, domi- 
nated by barter, black-market 
money-trading and backdoor deals 
for scarce commodities, was re- 
placed by an extraordinarily ener- 
getic. if improvised, network of 
wholesale and retail markets. Infla- 
tion. after shooting up to nearly 30 
percent a month, dropped to 12 
percent in December. 

Even the most intractable prob- 







, v /, \ V- 




Gnpn Dakar' Rental 

FLAMES FOR THE FALLEN — Relatives of Russian soldiers who died in peacetime service 
observing Defender of tire Motherland Day at a ceremony on Wednesday m a Moscow church. 


lent, industrial restructuring, gave 
way here and there. Weapons fac- 
tories began making vacuum clean- 
ers or surgical scissors. After a pre- 
cipitous drop in 1992, production 
of some household goods actually 
increased Iasi year. 


Still overall production plunged 
faster and further than during the 
U.S. Great Depression, as vast 
rusting factories across Russia 
shifted into lower and lower gear. 
Official statistics, never reliable, 
showed the economy contracting 


Hong Kong Takes 
First Stens on Path 


. By Kevin Murphy. 

International Rendd Tribune 

HONG KONG — After -a 
-lengthy.' often healed,' 'debate, 
Hook Kong's legislature removed 


Hong Koqg's legislature removed 
the first obstacle; Wednesday to 
plans by its governor, Chris Patten,, 
to increase democracy in the Brit- 
ish colony before its 1997 return to 
Chinese rate 

- Despite hitter opposition from 

’Ragm^ a nd spirited speeches by 

- conservative; pro-China members 
who sought to sidestep a vote op 
the issue, the LtgisjatiYe Council 

.approved the first in a 1 series of 
measures that vriH widen participa- 
tion in future Hoag Kong elections.- 
MtT&ttai is now expected to 
push ahead Friday with the second, 

- move substantive and controversial 


to delay consideration of a bill that 
contained the less controversial of 
Mr. Patten's proposals. 

- Mrs. Tu and 22 others hoped uj 

keep alive the chances that Britain 
and China would reopen negotia- 
tions that continued unsuccessfully 
for 17 rounds, from April to No- 
vember iatt yetr. 

- But -36 ieg&atoo, a majority, 


is more certain to enrage China 
than to dear the 60-seat assembly 
without amendment 

Beging contends that Mr. Pat- 
ten's package • of .proposals, first-' 
made in. October 1S&2, violates ear- 
lier diplomatic agreements on' 
Hong Kong’s transfer- to Chinese - 
sovereignty and seek- to extend 
Britain’s influence in the. colony 
after 1997. • 

After months of fierce opposi- 
tion to them, Beijing has said it will 
undo any political changes it does 
not approve, a . threat that has 
prompted legislators who fear de- 
stabilization more than they wel- 
come increased democracy to op- 
pose measures not blessed by 


by 18 percent in 1992 and another 
12 percent last year. 

Forty million out of 1S2 milli on 
people had reported incomes below 
subsistence level For those used to 
living securely — if shabbily — the 
shock was enormous. 


“I believe in democracy if that 
means finding ways to improve the 
livelihood of the people,” said Elsie 
Tu, 89, a British-born legislator 
who has emerged as one of Mr. 
Patten's fiercest critics. 

“I do not believe in a political 
power struggle that leads the com- 
munity into a state of fear and 
anxiety into the future," said Mrs. 
Tu, who led the unsuccessful effort 


have postponed Wednesday's de- 
bate and vote. . .... 

Martin Lee, leader of the United 
Democrats, said; “Even if ^no- 
British talks resume, it would not 
necessarily mean that the Sino- 
British stand-off can be resolved, 
or that the two sides could reach an 
agreement which, is in the interests 
oF HongKcmg people.” Mr.- Lee’s 
Unfred Democrats have criticized 
Mr. Rxtten for not being daring 
enough in his proposals. 

The . bill passed Wednesday 
drops the voting age to 18 from 21 
abolishes . appointment member- 
ship to some, municipal level 
boards and' establishes a British- 
styfe format for the 20 seats in the 
6&seat legislature that will be cho- 
sen by direct election. 

The new laws wiR also allow 28 
Hong Kong readests who are 
members of China’s parliament, 
the National People’s Congress, to 
run for elections and hold office an 
the Legislative Council 

The bills likely to be introduced 
Friday are the most objectionable 
to China because they would sub- 
stantially broaden the size of func- 
tional constituencies, electorates 
organized along professional and 
trade group lines. 

But Pattern wffl put his origi- 
nal proposals to the Legislative 
Cooncfl, measures that mdude fill- 
ing an electaral coBege with popu- 
larly elected local councillors and 
giving all 2.7 million workers a sec- 
ond .vote in occupational-based 
constituencies. 


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consultancy, communication and presentation skills as 
well as fluency in English. 

Position to be located in Paris. Salary negotiable 
according to qualifications and experience. 

Please send CV in English to ECJC, do FSJU, 

39, me de Teheran , 75008 Paris. 


Sales Entrepreneur (Asia) 

Unique importunity for action-minded, well organised and people 
oriented Top- Sale?- Manager with proven management 
experience in Direct Selling. 

Your task: Consol ida linn and development of existing and well 
introduced Sales-Orpanisjiion in Malaysia. Indonesia, 
Philippines. Hong Kong. Taiwan and Tokyo, with I lead office 
in Sin gap* ire. 

Your partner Multi-Million AmencunTiiirnpean Company. 

Market- Leader. Compensation scheme and social sums reflects 
the particular importance of this management position. 

AppHoumns arcomfidentudly I /voted under 

Mr. H. An germarm, Fomvri 3, Ganenstrasae 1 1, D 33604 Bielefeld 1 


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TOST RECTWTBB GROUP. INC 
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tpeadaed n Ercfah hr PtotewfaH 
seeks HEAD TEAufil fo* qualified s»H 
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. F Lew «nnen & spoken French 
. Knowledge Po*>» reitci A busness 
comes 

CV & handwritten letter to Bo> 3523. 
I.MT. 92521 Nrati, Cede*. Front* 


US BANK 1 BROKER 


based n Parc . rs loo ki ng tor 
AN ACCOUNT EXKUnVE 
to tan es oprwijbm ream. Contkfcm 
lradd be fluem n EngWi. Goman end 
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percanofciy and -nr* wdl under 
prone A previous experience in the 
boring' secumes mdustr, would be on 
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I.HT. 92S2I Niudy Cede*. France. 


URGENT. Language school near Pom 
seeks fuB-nme cnqkvK fmche*. d> 
name, mot wn ed. 3-5 rn apenra 
m oddr education. War big paw 
Send CV & ohoto to- Diamond School. 

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Business School Executive 

Seeking ponon a General Manager. 
Drertor or Ifarme* o wi up ft ""anoge 
language schools translation 
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For neWt, iXQwied S5QMM m «*«, 
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— 


SPY: CIA Officer in a Key Position Was an Ideal Choice for tfwRusskms 


Well established 
professional 
couple 

Monaco-based 

Seek 

FULL-TOE TUTOR OR TUTOfrCOUPlE 
to instruct their children ages 6 and 4. 
Parents committed lo meel chaBenge of 
educating itese nteKgent and knaginaim 
da Wren. Non-sectarian. Mrinwm 1-year 
employment • i! successful, up to 4 yrs. 
(through 4th Grade}. Family spends E 
months of each school year in United 
Stales. 3 months in Germany and 2 
months in Mottle Carlo. Children speak 
English, German, French. They will be 
noninaBy mastered in International school 
and instructed in English. Looking far 
person/s who are highly quaffed, free to 
travel, experienced, relate we* to children, 
idoaly in 2KIs or 40s. H couple. 2nd poson 
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who need not also be a quaffed teacher, 
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Generous terms 
Fax resune to: 4WSM702571 


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AMB3CAN MALE EXECUTIVE (38} 
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Skied negonato 1 with vast experience 
m medki Utm pubMmg and odvems 
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Cento o B-l-42 62 51 20 LI. Gcrnsor. 
32 r Prrrweinoni. 75018 Por n Frame 

GENERAL POSITIONS 
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NTL CARSt OPPORTlMIY 

We ire an ml PRESS & ADVERTISING 
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IdecSy yw are- 

• Between 26 and X yeon old 

• acellenr appearoKa. 

• Excelent commeid of English, French 
and knowledge of Spaeth. 

• Dynanc. eitrovert. conSdenr. opn 
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The rob emofc e n rnoeft on ihe bghea 
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If you Ihmk ft u hove ihe dnve end sre 
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Masjoes de Cubra, 21 


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EXFtORATKMST/ MBA 

21 yeas international r« afar (Ten 
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aid new reaues with ui «a«. 
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Son VWl csredei that S 
cntrapi Eo, 5383. I HI. SSi 
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expeneneed *> ^jnoui mtmm U3 
Atrny veteran «eth a 8A. in 7(*ncd 


Army veteroi wrth a LA. 

Spence Old w* a knowtei* of 
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B BT1SH LADY. Puent fogjitf, ISto 
rr endi, G ermon. sofas and trgnlation 
eipenence with mfl rnminn i seeks 
Holy. Swrtseriaid a 


m GlKn * W/ * ^ 
"5*5®* Posmow reow 

by wed Iraveffad Enjnhnton PA- 
m n i ro rtl Chau ffeur /Courier. Know- 


L’Agence Nationale 
Pour I'EmpkM 

AGENCE SPFCIAUSEE 
DES JNG^NIEURS ET CADRES 

12, Rue BUncha, 75436 Parle Cedes OB. 
TeL- 42.85u44.40 pOSM 347. 

Polymers and Composite 
Materials En g in eer, 23, - 1 year 
experience: terimical support to raw 
materia! produce's. Seeks position in 
samefiefcL 

(section BCO/TL0265) 

American Man, 42, Certified pubfic 
accountant, MBA, knowledge of 
French accounting. 10 years expe- 
rience in autfting , accounting and 
taxation in the U.S. and France. 
Seeks management position with in- 
ternational company. 

(section BCO/TL 0266) 

Do you need an experienced mana- 

? er to develop your business in 
ranee? Do you want fo open a 
commerci a l subsidiary In Paris? Do 
you need a professional to manage 


n sales department? I am reach 
ake this challenge. Frencr 
woman. Mingual. 

(section BCQTL 0267) 


GOMAN WOMAN. Fluent Engfch. 
French, Boboi, Sponoh, enpenenra m 
rit orfat end m production nw*jgc- 
mew. orgmcgion. P8 a S newfa 
ot uiujent n nknj m pusuen Fan. 

home 1331 93 35 12 71 

PABS BASH) EXECUTIVE PA. 34. US 
born, Ench-.h French bilingual. 
Gerifxm. eduaseti eepenenad sen- 
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YOUNG LADY, BSJNGUAL French' 
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international 
Herald Tribune 
ads work 


Continued from Page 1 

CIA official in the coven opera- 
tions branch in the 1980s, quoted in 
a New York Times report. 

[“That man would have had ac- 
cess to everything but a very Tew 
cases." said Mr. Jameson, a farmer 
staff chief of CIA covert operations 
against the Soviet Union. 

[“Any penetration we had of the 
Soviet military, or the KGB. as a 
matter of course he would have 
known about,” Mr. Jameson said. 

[“As a fundamental part of his 
job, be could recall any document 
from the files and scrutinize it" 
Mr. Jameson said. “Thar would be 
no information remotely touching 
on counterintelligence that he 
wouldn't have access to. Nobody in 
a comparable position has been 
charged with such a crime.”] 
Senator Dennis DeConcini. 
Democrat of Arizona, the chair- 
man of the Senate intelligence com- 
mittee, who was briefed on the case 
by two officials from the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation and three 
from the CIA, said: “It’s very seri- 
ous. At first blush, he certainly had 
accessibility to sensitive, sensitive 
material" 

That Mr. Ames's alleged work 
was able to escape detection for at 
least six years — from 1985 until 
1991, when suspicions formed in 
the CIA's coumerinteUigenoe of- 
fices — constitutes a spectacular 
failure of the CIA’s elaborate 
mechanisms for self-protection. 

Encouraged by the legendary 
paranoia rtf a former counlerintdli- 
gence chief, James Jesus Angleton. 
the CIA created elaborate safe- 
guards against the kind of decep- 
tion spelled out in the 39-page FBI 
affidavit supporting Mr. Ames's ar- 
rest. The agency tightly controls 
classified documents, routinely 
mokes employees take lie-detector 
tests, restricts their travel and 
shares sensitive information only 
with those who "need to know." 

None of these safeguards caught 
Mr. Ames. 

Mr. Ames, who was assigned to 
one of the agency's most important 
offices during the Cold War. 


Deaths of ai Least Two Russians 
Spying for U.S. Linked to Suspect . 

The Associated Pros ■ 

WASHINGTON — At least two Russians who were spying for 
iheU-S. government were killed after Aldrich Hazen Ames disclosed 
their identities to Russian intefligence agencies, a retired CIA officer 
and a congressional official said Wednesday. 

Vincent Cannistrara a career operations officer who retired from 
the Central Intelligence Agency in^ i 990, said the disclosures by Me, 
Ames, a senior CIA official led directly to tbe killings. ! 

The deaths were confirmed separately by- a congressional nffiriwi 
with access to intelligence Morrnation. A QA spokesman said he 
could not confirm the deaths. 


passed bis polygraph tests CIA of- 
ficials have told Capitol HilL' 

But Mr. Ames, who earned 
$69,834 a year at mosL also lived 
weD beyond his salary in an Arling- 
ton (Virginia) neighborhood of 
doctors and lawyers — with a Jag- 
uar out front — withoal attracting 
undue suspicion. He Dew to Vene- 
zuela and Colombia without ap- 
proval to meet Russian contacts. 

Mr. Ames also managed to get 
an impressive variety of classified 
documents out of the agency and 
store them in the memory of his 
home computer, according to the 
affidavit. FBI special agents found 
documents there last October relat- 
ed to "classified CIA operations, 
classified CIA human assets, and 
identities of CIA personnel whose 
actual employment the CIA seeks 
to protect,” the affidavit said. 

In Mr. DeCon rim’s words, the 
agents who served a search warrant 
late Monday night "found a real 
pack-rat type of personality, who 
saved a lot of stuff in his computer 
and in his home." 

What finally undid Mr. Ames, 
officials said, was the fact that 
some important United Stares espi- 
onage operations aimed at the So- 
viet Union in the late 1980s were 
siopped cold. A striking and highly 
unusual string of victories by Mos- 
cow in the “spy versus spy” wars 
threw suspicion on the CIA and, in 
time, on Mr. Ames. 

Officials declined to comment 
on how serious these setbacks were. 


or whether any American agents 
were exposed or dumnated when 
Moscow halted the operations. Bra 
a government source said the leaks 
“caused us reaf problems.” 
Be ginnin g in 1985, when Mr. 
Ames was apparently recririted, to 
1991, when he was deliberately 
transferred to less sensitive work in 
counternarcotics,' wdl over half of 
the United States uneffigence pro- 
gram was devoted to prying secrets 
from the Soviet Union and its suc- 
cessor stares. 

Mr. Ames, who had a Top Secret 
clearance for his entire 31-year car 
reex, went through the agency’s, 
training program and got bis first 
overseas assignment to Ankara in 
1969, two yean after completing 
his undergraduate degree ar 
George Washington University. He 
returned to Washington m 1972 
and was assigned to New York and 
Mexico Gty from 1976 to 1983. 

Subsequently, as the chief of the 
counterintelligence branch in the 
Soviet-East European Division al 
the Operations Directorate from 
1983 to. 1985, Mr. Ames was re- 
sponsible for directing the analysis 
of Soviet mreOigioace operations 
and recruiting Soviet agents who 
would betray these operations! It 
was the latter assgnment that put 
him in frequent touch with employ- - 
ees at the Soviet Embassy in Wa4h-. 
ington, according to the affidavit. 

Many of these contacts were au- 
thorized, but investigators recently- 
discovered that “Ames scheduled 


numerous; meetings, with Soviet 
Embassy personnel which he ather 
■did not report at afi or reported 
months afterward,” the affidavit 
said. The meetings were often fol- 
lowed by “large deposits of cash, 
not explained by his -known in- 
come.”. 

The affidavit stated that Mr. 
Ames became a paid Soviet agent 
.in 1985,. dubbed “the year of the 

spy” by the Hwi pin mtm'nrirur afirm 

- . because so many Americans spying 
for Moscow tinned up that year.- 

- Two American citizens spying for 
the Soviet Union 1 — Ronald W. 
Pefron of c the National Security 
Agency and Edward Lee Howard, 

- a former CIA agent — were ex- 
posed k September 1985 by a Sovi- 
et defector, Vitali Yurchenko. John 
W. Walker was also arrested that 

. yearafter passing UA; Navy code 
secrets fo the Russians. - 
'; Aocordiite fo sources, Mr. Ames 
was one of tfiose wbo debriefed Mr. 

- - Yurchenko after* the senior KGB 
officer defected in September. 1985. 
After giving some information, Mr. 

. Yurchenko chang ed his mind and 
in November 1985 flcd from his 
CIA compamons at a Gedraetown 
restaurant, retnming to Moscow. 
At roughly the same time, Mr. 
Howard fied, eventually turning up 
in Russia. 

The FBI and the CIA wondered 
if Mr. Howard had been tipped off. 
Although no officials ventured a 
COTnectiou Tuesday, fo Mr. Ames’s 
work, the affidavit stated that Mr. 
Ames first deposited $9,000 in his 
• Virginia bank account in May of 
that year, the first of dozens of cash 
■ deposits he made. 

Despite llte importance of his 
work. Ml Ames’s career marked 
him as a plodding individual with a 
modest future, and thus “a perfect 
CIA employee to play the role of 
Soviet spy " accwding to a retired 
■formn*ti^cwtmterintdligenceoffi- 
rial.'They don’t look for high fli- 
ers,” this source said. 

Also charged Tuesday was Mr. 

- Ames’s wtfe, Maria 3ef Rosario Ca- 

sas Ames, a Colombian native he 
married in 1985. • 


BOSNIA: Start Realities Remain INDIA: Bandit Queen’s Grim Tale 


Continued from Page 1 
was too small and the source too 
vague to justify defensive strikes. 

Even if it wanted to, Washington 
cannot push loo hard to spread the 
peace because it has refused to join 
the 1 5 countries that have assigned 
troops to the United Nations in the 
former Yugoslavia, although 
.American pilots deliver most of the 
relief goods to Bosnia and would 
participate ia any NATO air 
strikes. 

Mr. Clinton came into office 
criticizing the Bush administration 
for passivity and proclaiming a 
moral imperative to take action 
against Serbian aggression. But he 
quickly learned how complicated 
Bosnia was and had second 
thoughts, opposing ihe dispatch of 
American ground troops as part of 
a misnamed “peacekeeping” force. 

. Only when there is a comprehen- 
sive peace will the United States 
help enforce a settlement with 
troops, a commitment Secretary of 
State Warren M. Christopher re- 
stated on Monday in a meeting 
with the Bosnian prime minister, 
Haris Silajdzic. Even thm. the ad- 
ministration knows that it faces a 
brutal bank with Congress. 

Thus it has bom difficult — even 
impossible — to claim the moral 
high ground while maintaining a 


risk-free policy. Senior officials in 
countries with peacekeepers in 
Bosnia reacted with varying de- 
grees ctf frustration and bemuse- 
ment when Mr. Clinton congratu- 
lated NATO, the United Nations, 
the Russians, “and above all the 
American military _personnd and 
those from our NATO allies, whose 
courage and skill provided the mus- 
cles that made this policy work.” 

Washington's derision to stay 
out of the fray makes coordination 
on the next steps difficult, a point 
that Malcolm Rifidnd. die British 
defense secretary, underscored 
when he noted, “Britain at The mo- 
ment has in Bosnia over 2JOO men: 
Russia is to have 400, the United 
States has 15.” 

He added that those coun tries 
not contributing troops should “get 
their act together" 

On the diplomatic front, the ad- 
ministration has gone into over- 
drive in an effort to help the Bosni- 
an government identify its basic 
demands without fordng the Mus- 
lims to agree to a settlement that 
would be militarily unenforceable 
and morally unacceptable. 

The administration is struggling 
with mixed results to convince Mr. 
Silajdzic to list his country’s territo- 
rial demands. 


CooiiiRKd from Pajpl 
violent facts of BehmaL As she 
stepped from the Delhi Magis- 
trate’s Cdort that issued the release 
documents, &e embarked on ahe-- 
ro's progress. A frenzied throng 
outside the court reached out to 
touch her. Policemen with cane ba- 
tons beat back the crowd. 

Miss Devi is not the first female 
dacoit leader of Iqgendaiy status. 
But she was one of the few to sur- 
vive the bloodletting, long enou gh 
to reach prison, .and with , savvy 
enough to promote the romance 
and melodr ama that has been built 
around her. 

Now. ai 34. she seems poisoi to 
ride a new tide in politics. After 
decades in which their votes were 
marshaled to keep India's upper- •' 
caste rulers, in power, the millions 
who belong to the lower castes in 
the traditional Hindu social struc- 
ture have begun turning toward 
parties such as Mir. Yadov's m TJt- 
tar Pradesh, dial-promise a dial-, 
lenge to the caste order* 

At the bottom of the system are . 
the untouchables, contact with, 
whom is held to defile members, of ’ 
the Ingfaer castest . .. 

Miss Devi came from the Mullah . 
caste of fishermeu, doee to the bot- 
tom. Bom into a fen% of five 
sisters and One brother, she was 


~ married,, at 11, fo a man 20 years 
older. She told - an. Indian who 
wrote a book about hex, Mala Sen, 
that she knew Nothing about sex, 
and was terrified by her husband. 

“He. would beat me and and 
eventually he brought another 
woman Into the house, and both of 
them treated me like a servant,” she 
told Mbs Sea. 

Eventually, die was sold for a 
cow, but found her way back home, 
where riu: recalled her mother’s 
sggestion that she kill herself. 
“Sroce you are-unwanted in your 
husband’s house and your parents’ 
house, why don't you commit sui- 
ride by jumping into the well?” her 
mother said. 

. .Soon afterward,- Miss Devi 
jmited a dacoit gang, by her ac- 
count after she had been kid- 
napped by tire gang and repeatedly 
raped. “A piece trf property has no 
choice,” she fold M&s Sen. 


Earlfeqnak&Kflk6 in Iran 

i - T'- TheAsiaaud Pms 

,_NiC05lA — Six people were 
kmed m an earthquake in the 
southeastern Iranian provincee of 
Sasten-BaJucheslari on Wedines- 
day.Tehran radio, reported. 


»1 



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\\S 4 > 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBINE. THlTtSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1994 


am 


Expresses Optimism 


ure 


By David EL Sanger - 

,Vf* York Tima Strncr '■ 

SEOUL-— fnihe most optimis- 
tic assessment yet of the tense 
standoff on the Korean. Peninsula, . 
the president of South Korea. Kim 
Young Sam. said Wednesday that 
in the last few weeks he had be- 
come “very sure that in the end 
North- Korea wflj accept the nucle- 
ar inspections" that the United. 
States and its allies have demanded 
for more than a year. 

Mr. Kim’s upbeat view, during a 
conversation at the presidential 
manaoninSeocLwasadlarptiini- 
around from Ids tone just right 
months ago. At that time, he 
warned the -United States against 
being “led on” by North Korea and 
suggested that ^time is running 
out” because North Korea would 
be able 10 produce plutonium by 
early this year in huge ' enough 
quantities to produce weapons. 

But now, be said, after “receiving 
a lot of information about the nu- 
clear issue,” he has concluded that 
there is “no dear evidence of North 
Korea's possession of nuclear 
weapons yet.". 

[In Vienna, the Internationa! 
Atomic Energy Agency appealed to 
North Korea : to set a firm date for 
inspections by next Monday, news 
agencies ri^oned. Having received 
a promisefrrrm the North Koreans 
to admit UN inspectors, the atomic 
energy agency was waiting for visas 
from the North Koreans.] 

Mr. Kim. 66. who look office a 
year ago as South Korea’s first ci- 
vilian president in more than three 
decades, talked only of the carrots 
he was prepared to offer his Com- 
munist rivals in the North. He re- 


peatedly declined to mention the 
sticks, for fear of angering Pyong- 
yang “at a sensitive lime.” 

Mr.. Kim’s comments, and those 
of several of his rides in riceu 
weeks, make it dear ifaal; South 
Korea is far less worried about 
what kind of nuclear weapons the 
Norib may already possess than it 
is aboutkeeping up. the pressure lo 
. bring its development program toa 
slow halt. . 

A week ago. after bitterly resist- 

_Nonh»^t would2Sow*^UN 
agency to resume Twnhed inspec- 
tions— not including two suspect- 
ed waste dumps. Mr. Kim seems to 
be betting that Ids best strategy is 
to reward Pyongyang for-the first 
glimmerings of flexibility rather 
than immediately press for belter 
access. ... 

On Wednesday, for example; 
Mr. Kini said it would be “a wise 
opinion” for the United States to 
delay the deployment of Patriot 
missiles to defend the 35,000 Amer- 
ican troops here: He was referring 
to testimony in Congress on Tues- 
day by General John SbalfltashviK, 
the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff, that, the deployment would 
likely be held because “we do 
oot want, to.grre some excuse to the 
North Koreans to derail a process.” 

Mr. Kim’s shift firm warnings to 
optimism is hardly sameihirig new 
in the effort to talk the North mu of 
a bomb. South Korean officials 
concede that they have ortea 
switched from sounding hawkish to 
sounding dovish, usually to coun- 
terweight the prevailing mood in 
Washington. • 



Aidid Scolds Media 
Over Predictions of 
Factional Explosion 


I VIETNAM SENTENCES EX-ENERGY MINISTER TO THREE YEARS — A cameraman shotting a dose-up of Vo NgocHai, 
Vietnam’s former energy minister, as a judge in Hanoi sentenced him to three years in prison Wednesday for corruption and fraud. 

Chinese Heap Scorn on Rights Groups 


Reuters 

BEUING — China has poured 
scorn on the human-rights groups 
Amnesty International and Asia 
Watch, calling their new reports on 
rights abuses biased and politicals 
mo rivaled. , 

Beijing's counterattack appar- 
ently foreshadowed the stance that 
it will take in its annual human- 
rights battle with Washington this 
spring. 

President Bill Clinton has said he 
wiD extend China's most-favored- 
nation trade privileges for a year in 
June only if Beijing showed "signif- 
icant" human-rights grins. Billions 
of dollars' worth of low-tariff Chi- 
nese exports are at stake. 

The Foreign Ministry said in a 
statement Tuesday that ordinary 
fife in China had never been better 


after 15 years of market reforms 
and continued to improve as Beij- 
ing builds a modem, democratic 
legal system. 

Asia Watch and Amnesty, it ar- 
gued. had ignored such progress, 
were biased against China and re- 
sorted to confrontation in ibeir re- 
ports criticizing Bering for growing 
repression of political dissidents 
and religious believers. 

“Aria Watch always holds deep 
prejudices against China." a For- 
eign Ministry spokesman said. 

The New York-based Asia 
Watch issued a report Monday that 
it said “shows clearly that political 
repression is increasing, not de- 
creasing.” Known political arrests 
surged past 250 in 1993. it said. 

Documenting the cases of over 


1.000 prisoners of conscience. .Asia 
Watch accused Beijing of adopting 
a cynical “hostage poliiil” in which 
prisoners are bargaining chips “to 
be released at key moments for 
maximum political effect.” 

Amnesty called this month Tor 
the release of several Chinese 
Christians arrested in a crackdown 
on foreign missionaries and for the 
release of a group of Buddhist nuns 
in Tibet jailed Tor advocating inde- 
pendence from China. 

The London-based Amnesty 
also denounced new ami-evange- 
lism laws for legalizing the deten- 
tion or religious believers who w or- 
ship outside the strict bounds of the 
p any-controlled churches. 

China said the reports failed to 
note its accomplishments in feed- 
ing and housing 1.2 billion people 


— regarded by Beijing as funda- 
mental “rights’of subsistence." 

“It is with ulterior motives, and it 
is irresponsible, for Asia Wateh to 
choose this moment to publish its 
human rights report, which makes 
accusations against China.” the 
spokesman said. 

“China enjoys a stable political 
situation and economic prosperity 
and its people are content with 
their life and work.” he said. “The 
Chinese people fully enjoy all 
rights enshrined in the constitution 
and other law s. These are facts seen 
by ail” 

In Geneva. China's envoy to the 
UN Human Rights Commission. 
Zhang Yishan. accused Amnesty of 
Cokl War-era thinking at a time 
when “the world has already en- 
tered a new era.” 


By Keith Richburg 

ft'arftuijpan Post Semce 

NAIROBI — Breaking a nearly 
two-momh public silence, Soma- 
lia's top military man. General Mo- 
hammed Farrah Aidid. accused the 
media and other “doomsayers" on 
Wednesday of sowing “hysteria” 
for predicting that the withdrawal 
of U.S. combat troops from his 
country next month “will somehow 
trigger off sudden explosions of 
fighting among Somali factions.” 

But even as General Aidid was 
scolding reporters here in Nairobi 
for ibeir pessimism. United Na- 
tions officials reported a new ex- 
plosion of factional lighting in the 
southern Somali port city of Kis- 
mayo. 

George Bennett, a UN spokes- 
man contacted by telephone in the 
Somali capital. Mogadishu, said 
the fighting in Ki&mayo was heavy 
and that “the hospitals are full." 

He said that a hospital run by the 
charily organization Doctors With- 
out Borders reported earlier 
Wednesday receiving 15 casualties, 
and that the Indian Army field hos- 
pital in Kismayo was treating six 
more seriously 'wounded victims. 

Mr. Bennett said Indian UN 
peacekeepers based in Kismayo 
were oot involved in the latest 
flare-up. pan of a running series of 
skirmishes between supporters of 
two rival warlords. General Mo- 
hammed Said Hersi Morgan and 
Colonel Omar Jess. He said the 
Indian battalion commander in the 
area, and the UN political repre- 
sentative. were trying to reach the 
faction leaders to negotiate an end 
to the fighting. 

“Unosom troops are not in- 
volved at all,” said Mr. Bennett, 
using the acronym for the UN op- 


Johannes Steinhoff Dies, Luftwaffe Ace Downed 176 Planes 


Wm- York Tima Serrtee 

Lieutenant General Johannes 
Stemhoff, one of the Luftwaffe’s 
aces of World War II and a mover 
in rebuilding the postwar German 
miliiaiy, died Monday in Bonn of 
complications from a' heart attack 
be had in December. He was SQL. 

Bora near Rossieben in what is 
now the state of Saxony-Anhah. he 
joined the military as a naval cadet 
in 1934butmoved to the Luftwaffe 
two years later. In the war, he flew 
almost constantly ra RnssnuAfrica 
and Sicily, and fra ally over Germa- 
ny. • / ■ ■ 

He was decorated with nearly, 


every medal for bravery, including 
the highest order of the boa Cross. 
As the leader of a fighter squadron, 
he downed 176 Allied planes and 
was himself shot down 12 times. At 
the end of the war br was severely 
injured in a new Messerschmiu jet 

Ms touchdown in Munich, /efface 
was permanently disfigured. 

General Stemhoff kepi a con- 
temptuous distance from the Nazi 
hierarchy, who h»H him demoted to 
squadron pilot. After the war Ik 
took civilian jobs until he rejoined 
Wesr Germany’s reviving air force 
as a colonel in. 1952. He gained a 


reputation as as intelligent, blunt- 
spoken commander. 

He held positions in the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization, and 
in 1966 look charge of the West 
German Air Force, which he bull 
into a NATO showpiece. 

His success led to bis appoint- 
ment in 1971 as chairman of the 
alliance's nnhiary committee. Oth- 
er NATO commanders respected 
him for parting the alliance's over- 
arching objectives above national 
interests, including Germany's. 

After retiring in 1974. General 
Steinhoff became a widely read au- 


thor of books on German military 
aviation during the war' and the 
experiences of the German people 
at that time. 

He also became a watercolorist 
and chairman of Germany's Dor- 
mer Aviation. 

Mazy Woodard Lasker, 93, 
Aided Medical Researchers 

Mary Woodard Lasker. 93. a 
philanthropist and champion of 
medical research, died of heart fail- 
ure Monday in Greenwich, Con- 
necticuL 

Mrs. Lasker and her husband 


Albert Davis Lasker, a pioneer ad- 
vertising executive who died in 
1952. established the Lasker Foun- 
dation in 1942. In almost every 
year since 1944. it has given Albert 
Lasker Awards, largely for out- 
standing contributions to clinical 
and basic medical research. 

Over the years, the Lasker Foun- 
dation helped shape medical histo- 
ry by recognizing and supporting 
research, and it has repeatedly sin- 
gled out future winners of the No- 
bel Prize in Physiology or Medi- 
cine. Fifty-one Lasker winners 
hast: gone on to become Nobel lau- 
reates. 


De Klerk Is Hit by Stone 
As Crowd Drives Him Out 

Reuters 

KIMBERLEY. South Africa — President Frederik W. de Klerk 
was struck by a stone on Wednesday as screaming ANC supporters 
drove him from a mixed-race township during a campaign swing 
through the Northern Cape region. 

Black and mixed-nice youths shouied “De Klerk go to bell!” as 
security officials bundled him into an armored limousine and sped 
aw*ay from the Postdene township outside the mining and agricultur- 
al town of Posunasburg. 

Witnesses said the stone hit Mr. de Klerk below the left ear, 
causing him 10 flinch and rub his neck, as he tried to address a 
handful of Mack supporters of his ruling National Party over the 
shouts of African National Congress demonstrators. 

Mr. de Klerk said he was hit by "a projectile," but not hurL 


eration in Somalia. “It's clan-on- 
clan. Unosom is keeping well back 
from it." He said the UN's policy 
was not to become involved mili- 
tarily in factional feuding, but to 
try to persuade the combatants to 
stop. 

Brenda Barton, a spokeswoman 
for the World Food Program, 
which has an office in Kismayo. 
said the fighting began late Tues- 
day and continued Wednesday 
morning, and at least 17 persons 
were believed dead and about 14 
wounded. Miss Barton said the 
fighting had halted the unloading 
of a food agency ship docked at 
Kismayo with 850 tons of food. 
The agency ‘5 Somali workers help- 
ing unload the cargo ran off with 
their weapons to join the fighting. 

The haiile appeared to have 
started when some of the Jess sup- 
porters of theOgadeni clan tried to 
re-enter the city. Miss Barton said 
food agency workers in Kismayo 
reported that the fighting began 
Tuesday afternoon on the city's 
outskirts and continued Wednes- 
day' in Kismayo itself, but that 
General Morgan's Ham-clan 
forces, who are in control of the 
city, appeared to have repulsed the 
attack. 

General Aidid. in his morning 
press conference, made no direct 
reference to this most recent out- 
break of clan fighting in Kismayo. 
But be did allude to the continuing 
tensions there by saying dial Kis- 
mayo “is in (Hirnotl” and “on fire." 
He said the problems in Kismayo. 
where foreign troops have been 
based since December 1992. dem- 
onstrated that the mere presence of 
LIN peacekeepers was itsei/ no 
guarantee of security. 

“The departure of the foreign 
troops win have salutary rather 
than adverse effects on the search 
for peace and a negotiated political 
settlement in Somalia.” General 
Aidid said. He added that the 
“ ’prospect for peace in Somalia is 
now much belter than it was Iasi 
year." 

General Aidid has been in Nai- 
robi for most oT the last two 
months, holed up on the fifth floor 
of the five-star Serena Hotel on the 
edge of Uhuni (Freedom) Park. He 
has been mostly holding closed- 
door meetings with representatives 
of the 12 Somali poetical factions 
loosely allied against him. trying to 
forge a compromise with his bitter- 
esi enemies that would allow the 
Somalis to form a transitional gov- 
ernment before the last U-S. troops 
quit the country on March 31. 



NEWS EVENTS WHICH COULD AFFECT 
YOUR UFE: 

The Middle East peace process 
Anguish in Sarajevo 
The resurgent UJS. economy 
Japan’s tenacious recession 


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I 


Page 6 


THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1994 


OPINION 


i ( i 


¥ 


licralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



Sribunc 


KIBUSHKO WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


A Better Deal lor Bosnia 


American officials pronounce themselves 
delighted by the success of NATO's ultima- 
tum in ending the Serbian siege of Sarajevo. 
Lives are being saved, life is going on in a 
city whose name has become a metaphor for 
barbarism and courage. But it is early for 
rqoicing. Chiefly — but not only — the 
Serbs are still gunning down civilians else- 
where. And the wild-card effect of Russia's 
entry upon the Bosnian scene is only begin- 
ning to be understood. 

The urgent requirement is to arrange that 
none of the guns that the Serbs are removing 
from Sarajevo will murder civilians else- 
where •— that would be a monstrous act of 
bad faith. Then, NATO must promptly ap- 
ply its newly flexed power to rescue other 
embattled cities and communities. 

NATO worries -about becoming over- 
extended. Others worry about dying. The 
momentum built up by lifting the Sarajevo 
siege must be sustained. 

Washington says the NATO ultimatum 
freed Sarajevo. Moscow says its dispatch of 
peacekeepers did. Both have a point. Serbs 
needed a threat of force to relent, but they 
also needed the face-saving excuse of being 
rescued by Russian patrons. Citizens in oth- 
er besieged cities can only hope that the same 
competition saves them. 


A cease-fire is welcome for humanitarian 
considerations. But a cease-fire spreading 
across Bosnia and then hardening would nip 
the Muslim-led Bosnian government’s new 
military potential and consolidate for die 
Serbs the 72 percent of Bosnia that they 
currently control. This would be grossly un- 
fair to Muslims and would give Russia a 
large and undeserved political victory. 

The United States is right to want to help 
the Muslims, but it is having trouble decid- 
ing just how. Some days it seems mostly to 
fear that the Muslims,' offered a hand, will 
take an arm. Something better is required. 

To ease Muslim claustrophobia, the 
American government is promoting the dif- 
ficult idea of a new Muslim-Croat state or 
confederation. It remains a fact that much of 
the territory the Muslims need in order to 
create an even minimally viable Bosnia must 
come out of that swollen 72 percent that 
Serbs intend to fold into a Greater Serbia. 

The United Stales should not be working 
just on the Muslims and to have them take 
something scarcely better than the prospec- 
tive cease-fire lines. It should be working on 
Moscow to look beyond a narrow pro-Slav 
policy and to deliver the Serbs to something 
substantially closer to a fair overall peace. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


A New Russian Spy Case 


The arrest or a 31-vear CIA official and his 
wife on charges of spying for the Soviet 
Union and then Russia from 1984 right up to 
the present is bound to convey a certain 
impression that not all that much may have 
changed with the end of the Cold War. Is not 
spying a hostile activity? What advantage 
are the Russians seeking from it? 

U is conceivable that an unreconstructed 
part of the KGB bureaucracy yet maintains 
the will and the way to play the old games. It 
is no less possible that Russia spies for the 
reason that other nations, including the 
United States, spy: to avoid bong surprised 
by events that bear importantly on its inter- 
ests. For a technologically backward place 
like Russia, moreover, industrial espionage 
obviously also has its uses. 

In fact. Moscow's motives are irrelevant to 
(he charges brought against .Aldrich .Ames. 
52. who is accused of having become an 
agent of Moscow at a lime when he was 
working in counterintelligence and who 
more recently worked in counter-narcotics. 
To protect the integrity of its policy options 


and decision-making processes, the Ameri- 
can government makes a strenuous effort to 
ferret out “moles" (spies who infiltrate and 
are assimilated into an intelligence sendee), 
foreign spies and recruited agents, regardless 
of the regime they work for. The force of the 
law must be brought against Mr. Ames and 
his wife, who are said to have sold secrets for 
S1.5 million over a period of years. 

Coming at a time when the bloom of easy 
amity is off relations between the United 
Stales and the new Russia, the case is bound 
to have a certain darkening effect. 

President Bill Clinton confined himself on 
Tuesday to saying that the case was “seri- 
ous," but others may well ask why, for in- 
stance. American foreign aid should be dis- 
pensed to a country which even in a later and 
supposedly more friendly incarnation, os 
Russia, allegedly broke the rules and bought 
secrets from Americans. 

You cannot be so sophisticated and world- 
ly about spying as to ignore that your pocket 
is being picked. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


An Opportunity for Japan 


Japan is prudently deferring long-range 
plans to build new' nuclear reactors that 
would add to the world’s growing glut of 
plutonium. In the same spirit. Tokyo might 
reconsider near-term plans for reprocessing 
plutonium. Otherwise it risks contributing to 
the spread of nuclear arms in Asia and 
around the world. 

Japan hoped to turn nuclear waste into 
plutonium fuel to meet its energy needs. But 
it can assure energy independence for the 
next half-century, and save money in the 
bargain, by relying on uranium to fuel its 
power plants. Like plutonium, uranium is 
readily available. Unlike plutonium, it is not 
readily usable to build bombs. 

Japan deserves applause for delaying the 
scheduled construction of several breeder 
reactors — nuclear plants that consume ura- 
nium and plutonium and produce still more 
plutonium. Tokyo will also put off building a 
second reprocessi ng plant, which turns waste 
fuel into wca pons-usable plutonium. 

At the same lime, however. Japan is on the 
verge of activating ns new Monju breeder 
reactor. And it is about to break ground for a 
reprocessing plant at Rokkasho. Those who 


worry about the creation of still more pluto- 
nium would be happier if Tokyo revised its 
plans, running Monju as a research reactor 
and postponing Rokkasho. 

That would have a number of positive 
effects. Japan could stop shipping weapons- 
usable plutonium home from Europe, reduc- 
ing the risk of theft or diversion. It already 
has ample stockpiles to Iuel research at the 
Monju reactor. By depleting its plutonium 
stockpile, it might also ease Korean concerns 
that it plans to make nuclear arms. 

Japan could then renegotiate the contracts 
under which Britain and France reprocess its 
spent nuclear fuel. Japan's reduced need for 
plutonium would make European reprocess- 
ing plants even more unprofitable than they 
are and might persuade Britain to reverse its 
decision to start up its new THORP plant. 
Japan could instead contract with the Euro- 
peans to store its spent fuel and provide 
enriched uranium. 

Japan often sets itself as a victim of the 
nuclear age. Now it could be a hero, by 
stopping the commerce in plutonium beTore 
it gets out of control. 

— THE SEW YORK TIMES. 


Don’t Rush Back to Unesco 


The State Department recommends that 
the United Sutes wait until at least 1905 
before rejoining Une<co. the United Nations 
Educational. Scientific and Cultural Organi- 
zation. That makes, political as well as fiscal 
sense. Both Unesco and the UN system bene- 
fited from the Reagan administration's deci- 
sion to pull out a decade ago. A delay will give 
Congress a chance to determine whether the 
gross mi Ninon jgemem prompting that pullout 
has been convincingly corrected. 

Ronald Reagan's more won widespread 
applause. Washington provided one-fourth of 
the budget lor Unesco** profligate Paris- 
based bureaucracy, notorious as a patronage 
dumping ground. Unesco had also become 
synonymous with vaporous declarations that 
were hostile id Western institutions, especial- 
ly the press. Delegates from Soviet bloc and 
Third World tyrannies pushed for a "new 
world information order" in which journalists 
would become little more than cheerleaders 
for established regimes. 

One result of Mr. Reagans shock therapy 
was the election in 19S8 of Federico Mayor 
Zaragoza of Spain os director-general. He has 
cut the payroll and generally returned Unesco 


to its original mission as a promoter of literacy, 
protector of cultural monuments and champi- 
on of a freer flow of information. Yet old habits 
persist. Congress would be right to look closely 
before resuming 565 million in annual dues. 

The two strongest arguments for rejoining 
Unesco are its useful literacy programs and 
the appalling destruction of artistic treasures 
in ethnic conflicts. One of Unesoo*s successes 
was the rescue of the great temple of Abu 
Simbel from the rising waters of Egypt's As- 
wan High Dam. Unesco has since named and 
recorded 200 "heritage sites." The need for 
this register was confirmed when Croatian 
Dubrovnik wav shelled by Serbs, and more 
recently when the celebraied Muslim-built 
bridge at Mostar was destroyed by Croalians. 

Unesco' > role is m represent the world's 
cultural conscience by speaking out against the 
deliberate targeting "of cherished monuments 
— and then to restore as best it can what wars 
tear apart. As Congress evaluates Unesco's 
internal reforms before resuming full pay- 
ments. it might offer a modest interim payment 
to help Unesco cover the costs of protecting 
and restoring the world’s imperiled treasures. 

~ THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


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A Bosnia Test for U.S.-Russum Entente 


W ASHINGTON —Absent as a 
factor fra - the two Woody 
yean that the Bosnian war has 
raged, American-Ritssian relations 
have suddenly become decisive in 
the Bosnian endgame. 

And vice versa. 

The U’.S.-Rusian partnership, in 
puny health in recent months, will 
now fatten or flounder in Bosnia. 
Out of the Balkans will come other 
a new direction for Washington and 
Moscow in cooperating on global 
problems or a slide back toward 
rivalry and conflict 
Diplomats abhor such stark alter- 
natives. They wiD probably apply 
their arts to see that there are other, 
less drastic outcomes beyond the 
two that I see. But I hope they don’t 
succeed. The Clinton administra- 
tion should make it dear to Boris 
Yeltsin's government that the Boris- 
Bill relationship is on the line in the 
promising new effort to get a peace 
agreement in Bosnia. 

The United Nations' bombing ul- 
timatum to the Bosnian Serbs 
around Sarajevo overshadowed Mr. 
Yeltsin's decision to get directly in- 
volved in Bosnia — the first politi- 
cal-military initiative he has taken 
beyond the former borders of the 
Soviet Union. 

The Clin ion administration must 
now get Mr. Yeltsin to clarify 
whether he has moved into the end- 
game tohdp the Bosnian Serbs con- 
solidate their gains on the ground, 
or whether Russia Is finally witting 
to join in pressuring the Serbs into 
reaching an agreement that the Bos- 
nian government will not like but 
can live with. 

What Mr. Yelian did Last week- 
end, under the pressure of the UN 
ultimatum to the Serbs, could cut 
either way. He abruptly assigned 
Russian peacekeeping troops their 
own separate battlefield role in Bos- 
nia. Determined to prevent any 
bombing, the Russians moved into 
Bosnian Serb positions as the Serbs 
pulled out their heavy artillery 
around Sarajevo. 

The immkiiaie effect was two- 
fold: The Russian interposition pro- 
vided face-saving political cover for 
the Serbs to accept the ultimatum. 
And it protected the demilitarized 
Serbian positions from being taken 
over by the resurgent Bosnian army. 


By Jim Hoagland 


If sustained, the Russian interpost-, 
ticai freezes a military situation that 
is comfortable for the Scabs and in-, 
tolerable for the Bosnian army. 

It was thus a clever short-term 
move for Moscow. But the ques- 
tions that this seemingly modest 
Russian intervention in the Balkans 
raises are far more important: Is 
Russia ready to return to its role as 
a great power? If so, how will it 
exercise its influence, which has 
been absent from the world scene 
since the August 1991 failed coup 
that led to the breakup of the Soviet 
Union four months laid? 

One of the central causes of the 
Cold War was Moscow’s narrow, 
often paranoid reading of its inter- 
ests. Leaders shaped by World War 
II and Stalin's purges at borne clung 
protectively to any remnant of pow- 
er or leverage. They established 
their "sphere of influence’’ and 
ruthlessly policed it 

The savage ethnic wars of the 
1990s have been routinely attribut- 
ed to the end of the Cold War, as if 
the end of U ^.-Soviet ideological 


and military competition somehow 
encouraged nationalist wars to 
erupt But these wars are in fact att 
occurring within the framer Soviet 
sphere of influence, It is the collapse 
of Soviet totalitarian rule in an in- 
herently unstable '‘sphere” that -has 
led to the outbreak of fighting from • 
the Balkans to Baku. 

Not comddentaDy, the summer 
of 1991 was the decisive moment of 

the breakup of both the Soviet 
Union and Yugoslavia. Absorbed 
with going out or business, the Sovi- 
ets could not or would not pot a 
restraining hand on the Serbian 
leader Slobodan Milosevic and his 
Bosnian Serb cronies, Moscow’s 
natural allies in this straggle. 

Has Mr. Yeltsin finally inter- 
vened to restrain the Serbs and to 
begin restoring a more positive 
form of Russian influence on areas 
beyond America’s global reach? Or 
will domestic pressures created by 
pro-Serbian sentiment in Russia 
compel him to put Serbian interests 
above fashioning a reasonable com- 
promise on the ground in Bosnia? 


President Yeltsin and bis diplo- 
mats should not be allowed to razz 
the answer to that question. Their 
answer will contain : vital clues 
about Russia’s future and about 
the nature of power in the post- 
Cdd War would. 

Now is the moment to aid the 
war in Bosnia. The United States 
and Russia can lead the way to- 
ward a settlement that recognizes 
that while tire Bosnian Serbs have 
won a battlefield victory, the Bos- 
nian Muslims deserve a better out- 
come than the current map Cleared 
by “ethnic cleansing." 

The world will need to keep eco- 
nomic sanctions on Serbia until a 
reasonable compromise on territo- 
ry is reached. Wealthy Muslim and 
European nations should be will- 
ing to fund Bosnia’s reconstruc- 
tion, to show the Serbs that power 
now lies in economic factors more 
than in military force. 

But acme of this will happen un- 
less Bill Clinton and Boris Yeltsin 
demonstrate that the world's two 
great powers have a common vi- 
sion of what comes next in Bosnia. 

The Washington Pool 


GUESS ITt 

TTweiomK 



S INGAPORE — In a profound 
strategic shift, India Is establish- 
ing ever closer lies to the Asia-Pacific 
economic growth zone. 

A recent visit to India by Prime 
Minister Goh Chok Tong of Singa- 
pore underlined this change. The visit 
also helped- to exorcise Southeast 
Asia's fear of Indian militarism. 

India has long had its eye on the 
Pacific Century. Jawaharlal Nehru, 
the founder of modern India, wrote 
half a century ago from a British 
prison that the “Pacific is likely to 
take the place of the Atlantic as a 
future nerve center oF the world. 
Though not directly a Pacific stale. 
India will inevitably exercise an im- 
portant influence there. “ 

Today’s Indian prime minister. 
P. V. Narasimha Raa asserts that he 
is following “tire Nehru line" even as 
he casts out the statist policies widely 
associated with Nehru and India's 
stagnation for four decades. Mr. Rao 
insists that without early socialist 
planning, India would not have de- 
veloped the world's fifth biggest 
economy, a pod of three million sci- 
entists and technologists, and more 
than 200 million urban consumers. 

By pursuing a program of deregu- 
lation and market opening, Mr, Rao 
and his reformist finance minister. 
Manmohan Singh, have enabled In- 
dia to make a dramatic takeoff from 
that plateau. Inflation has fallen to 
8 percent from 20 percent a few years 
ago. Exports are rising at an annual 
rate of 20 percent. Industrial output 
especially in jewelry, textiles and 
computer software, is increasing. 
Foreign equity investment of nearly 
S 1 .3 billion since September attests to 
global confidence in India's future. 
Another indicator may be more 


By Sunanda K. Datta-Ray 


important in the long run. Tbe ability 
of the partly convertible rupee to 
hold its own against tbe dollar sug- 
gests that Indians at last have faith m 
their own economic destiny. 

The agreements Mr. Goh conclud- 
ed. including deals for a SI 56 million 
technology park in Bangalore, a $50 
million bousing estate in New Delhi 
and a cargo complex near Bombay, 
draw on Indian expertise and Singa- 
pore’s capital and experience. Indi- 
ans expea Singaporean investment 
to rise rapidly, reaching some $15 
billion within a few years. 

But New Delhi does not see the 
connection with Singapore as an end 
in itself. It is a link in a much bigger 
chain. As a result of the wheels mat 
Mr. Rao began setting in motion 
when he became prime minister in 
June 1991, India is now regularly 
discussing economic cooperation 
with the Association of South East 
Asian Nations, This is only a foot in 
the door for India. Its aim is mem- 
bership in ASEAN's postministerial 
conference. In that grouping, for- 
eign ministers and their equivalents 
from the United States, Japan, Can- 
ada, Australia, South Korea and 
other nations hold annual economic 
and political talks with their 
ASEAN counterparts. 

New Delhi also seeks to join the 
ASEAN regional security forum and 
the Asia-Pacific Economic Coopera- 
tion forum. India wants institutional 
trade and investment links with the 
world of tbe future. 

The 36 percent of Indians aged 15 
to 30 give special urgency to this 
increasing orientation toward the Pa- 
cific. Advertisements from Star TV, 


the pan-Asian broadcaster based in 
Hong Kong, shops packed with 
smuggled consumer goods, and 
networking with about 20 million ex- 
patriates around the world, have 
whetted tbe appetite of India's youn- 
ger generation. 

Seemingly every middle-class Indi- 
an familynas a son, daughter, broth- 
er, cousin or other relative in the 
United States. And it is no secret that 
tbe 800.000 Indian settlers there are 
belter educated, and earn more, than 
tbe average American. 

Tbe five institutes of technology 
set up by the government at great 
cost, and which have developed into 
centers of excellence, have almost be- 
come a nursery for American indus- 
try. Young India will take its skills 
and talents to the West, and now also 
to the EasL if Mother India does not 
provide tbe good life. 

Mr. Goh assured his hosts that 
Singapore could be their “link to the 
Asia-Pacific.*' There is irony in the 
choice of matchmaker. Singapore is 
the cultural outsider in a region that 
Hindu civilization influenced pro- 
foundly for nearly 15 centuries. 
In the ’60s, New Delhi rebuffed a 
request from Lee Kuan Yew, then 
prune minister of Singapore, for help 
in building up his country’s aimed 
forces, fearing that this might annoy 
Malaysia. Inmans thoug ht that Mr. 
Lee’s concentration, on wealth cre- 
ation came at the expense of liberal 
values. They dismissed ASEAN as an 
American conspiracy. 

In turn, ASEAN countries were 
wary of India’s close links with the 
Soviet Union and, after 1980, its 
support for a regime in Cambodia 


America’s Jobs Crisis Is Understated 


N EW YORK — The U25. gov- 
ernment has changed tbe way 
it determines the national unem- 
ployment rate, which has resulted 
in a number that is marginally high- 
er. But the supposedly improved 
method does not provide anything 
dose to an accurate picture of a 
devastating jobs crisis that is be- 
coming ever more entrenched. 

Legions of Americans who once 
felt secure iu their jobs are now 
stunned to find themselves caught 
in the undertow of long-term un- 
employment You do not hear 
much from them after that. Tbe 
jobless tend to go quietly. One day 
they are at their work station, tbe 
next day not. When enough time 
passes, they are no longer even 
counted as unemployed. 

If you take this group, which in- 
creasingly indudes middle-class and 
midttie-aged men and women, and 
link it with (he people who have been 
forced into part-time or temporary 
work, and with people who ore catt- 
ing themselves self-employed but 
are really making little or no mon- 
ey, and with the underclass of in- 
ner-city Americans who have long 
been among the permanently un- 
employed, you have a problem with 

frightening implications. 

You cannot deal effectively with 
public safety, health care reform 
and welfare reform without engag- 
ing the employment crisis. 

In November 1991, when Presi- 
dent George Bush signed a bffl ex- 
tending jobless benefits. 1.3 million 
Americans were officially designat- 
ed as long-tom unemployed, area n- 


By Bob Herbert 


mg that they had been out of work 
for six months or longer. Those 
benefits have been cut back, but 
last month the niunber of tong-term 
unemployed was 1.7 million. 

Inevitably, official unemployment 
rates are understated. The govern- 
ment is not concealing the real num- 
bers; the Bureau of Labor Statistics 
does a remarkable job of document- 
ing those who are working and those 
who are not. But the raw numbers 
get whittled down by the complex 
procedures and definitions used to 
arrive at the official statistics. 

For example, discouraged work- 
ers — ■ people who have given up 
looking for a job — arc not counted 
as unemployed. The bureau will 

readily tell you how many people fall 
into the discouraged category, but 
that number wiU not be factored into 
the offidal unemployment rate. 

And even the discouraged cate- 

craCy. Umfcr the bureau's new 
rules, a discouraged woricer who 
has not lodked fora job for a year is 
no longer considered discouraged. 
That worker falls off the statistical 
charts. There were a lot of them. 
Before the change, the bureau 
counted 1.1 million discounted 
workers. After the change, 600,000. 

There are endless examples of, 
people out of work but not counted 
as unemployed Laid -off workers 
traditionally have been considered 
unemployed, although there was a 
time when they could reasonably 


expect their jobs to return. Now 
.laid-off pretty much means fired. 
But during the survey that is used to 
determine the unemployment rate, 
laid-off workers are asked bow ac- 
tive they have been in looking for a 
job. If the answer is that they have 
amply been checking the want ads, 
they are not coanted as unemployed. 
They sure are out of work, bid offi- 
datty they are not unemployed. 

The jobs crisis is not limited to 
the unemployed. Recent statistics 
show that college-educated men in 

their 40s and 50s — ordinarily con- 
sidered an elite group at the peak of 
their earning powers — are experi- 
encing a sharp decline in wages. 

Katherine Newman, a social an- 
thropologist at Columbia Universi- 
ty, was quoted in The New York 
Times assaying: This was the first 
generation to be widely educated in 
college. They followed the recom- 
mended path, but their education 
has failed to insulate them." 

The offidal unemployment rate 
for January was 6.7 percent. The 
more we focus on it, the less we 
understand tbe extent of the pro- 
blem. A better indicator of prevail- 
ing conditions would be a statistic 
that showed the number of people 
who wanted a job bat could not 
find one. Thai number would be 
astonishingly high. 

Keith Brooks, director of the 
New York Unemployed Commit- 
tee, made the essential point: 
“Does our government recognize 


the depth of the jobs crisis in this 
mrv? I think not," 


coaniry?; 

The Hew Yarik Times. 


that was installed by a Vietnamese 
invasion force. 

The wbed has turned full drde in 
Mr. Rao's hands. His formula for 
growth hinges on two premises. First, 
security is a matter of economics 
rather than of men and aims. Second, 
an India that aspires to a role in 
ASEAN and APEC must first build 
bridges with its immediate neighbors. 

Hence, Mr. Singh’s sweeping eco- 
nomic reforms and Mr. Rao’s over- 
tures to India's old adversaries, Chi- 
na and Pakistan. A high-powered 
Chinese team was in New Delhi this 
month to discuss troop reductions 
along their border. 

Not long before that, Mr. Rao sent 
a package of six peace proposals to 
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto of Pa- 
kistan. These included a mutual 
agreement not to be the first to use 
nuclear weapons against the other. 
Earlier, Mr. Rao had disarmed con- 
cerns about India's navy by inviting 
Australia and the United Stales, the 
principal critics, as well as Malaysia, 
Indonesia and Singapore to a series 
of joint naval exercises. 

His diplomacy was amply reward- 
ed whm Mr. Goh remarked teat as he 
came to understand India better, be 
saw that the country bad “a legiti- 
mate interest to want to have a good 
navy to be able to defend its long 
coastline.” This is exactly New Del- 
hi’s case. Just two years before, Mr. 
Goh had warned that in acquiring the 
capability to project naval power be- 
yond its shores, India should “appre- 
ciate the security concerns of its 
neighbors,” who feared for the secu- 
rity of Southeast Aria's sea lanes and 

its power eqniEbrimn. 

The wheel has also turned bade to 
India's okl rivalry with China. The 
Chinese-Indian conflict of the '60s 
led to an estrangement between India 
and the countries of Southeast Asia. 
India and China are again in compe- 
tition, tins time for investment capi- 
tal, markets and economic partners. 

Though China seems poised to 
emerge as Aria’s dominant economic 
and milirary power. Mr. Rao’s flank- 
ing strategy of establishing dose links 
to the Asa-Ptiafic region may ensure 
that, ibis time, India is not isolated. 


The writer, a former editor of The 
Statesman m India, is now a consul- 
tant to The Straits Times, Singapore. 
He contributed this comment to the 
International Herald Tribune. 


To Contain 
War’s New 


Horrors 


By Cornelio Sommaruga 

The writer is president of the Inter- 


G ENEVA — Since Hiroshima, 
the presumption has been teat , 

war can get no worse; The work! has 

been spared a second nuclear war. so 
this observation has a measure or 
truth. But beneath the umbrella or 
pn riwr stalemate, war has grown 
more terrifying in all ntanntf qf w?ys 
— in iu near destruction of ovuria- 
lion in several countries, in tbe anar- 
chy that permeates so many conflicts 
ana, not least, in the growing use of 
weapons that cause immense num- 
bers of dvilian casualties, often with 
tee most terrible wounds. 

Next week, here in Geneva, the 
UN is beginning a series of meeting 
to review a I9$0 agreement with a 
most unwieldy name: The Conven- 
tion on Prohibitions or Restrictions 
on tee Use of Certain Conventional 
Weapons Which May Be Deemed to 
Be Excessively Injurious or to Have 
Indiscriminate Effects. This, like the 
biological and chemical weapons 
conventions, represents me of man- 
Irindb periodic efforts to pul a cap on 
the hbrrors of war. Unlike the chemi- 
cal weapons trea ty there arc, regretta- 
bly, no mechanisms for implement- 
ing or enforcing its provisions. It has 
(he added weakness of applying only 
to international armed conflicts. ^ 
Most wars today are civil wars. 

We in the International Commit- 
tee of the Red Cross have been re- 
viewing the convention. We held 
two seminars on the immense prob- 
lems caused by mines, one in Janu- 
ary for military experts and another 
last year for war surgeons, mine 
manufacturers, legal experts and tee 
media. We have also held sessions 
on tbe devdopmem of weapons in- 
tended to blind. 

The range of opinion in these meet- 
ings has been wide, and we have no 
pat formula for how tee convention 
should be improved. But since we 
know it may be the last chance in 10 
to 20 years to strengthen tee conven- 
tion, we betieve we should point up 
areas for serious discussion. 

The first is to give the convention 
more muscle to outlaw, or at least 


India Looks East, Belatedly Taking Nehru’s Advice 


control the use of land mines, a 


weapon teat has become more so- 
phisticated and harder to detect and 
which goes on killing and maiming 
long after a war is over. 

Mines are cheap — as little as $3 
each —and can turn whole swaths of 
tenitocy into deserted, no-go areas. 

They are made of light-weight plastic 
and are easy to lay. Often they are 
scattered Hire deadly seeds. Yet they 
explode with enough force to rip off an 
adult’s J«s or reduce a child to pulp. 

The Un estimates teal there are 85' 
□zittiafl to 100 miUioa antipersonnel 
mines buried in the soil of 62 coun- 
tries. In Cambodia, one person in 236 
>is aa amputee, to Afghanistan and ex-' 
Yugoslavia roads and Odds are infest- 
ed with mines. Twenty- three percent 
of all mine casual ties in Afghanistan in 
1991 and 1992 were chudren. Last 
year, in our African operations alone, 
mines lotted 13 Red Cross and Red 
Crescent rebel workere and injured II. 

Late last year, the U-S. government 
launched a campaign for a global 
moratorium on land-mine sales. This 
is an important initiative. We support 
it, but we would like the international 
community to go further and accept a 
world-wide ban on their use. 

If states cannot be persuaded to 
abjure tbe use of unites, at least they 
should be required to build in reliable 
self-neutralizing mechanisms so that 
mines do not go on exploding years 
after hostilities cease. 

Not far over tee horizon we foresee 
tbe development of weapons even 
more bomfic than the land mine. 

They need to be included in tee 
weapons convention. 

In particular, we are concerned 
about blinding weapons. Using hand- 
held laser rifles, these could blind a 
person up to 1 kilometer (0.6 utile) 
away. The beams are invisible and 
cannot be protected against For tee 
damage they inflict there is no cure. 

No war injury is more feared than 
blindness. Many of its victims are 
plunged into deep depression for 
years. For once, perhaps, we can out- 
law a weapon before it hits the pro- ^ 
dnetion line — if for no reason but 
self-interest Imagine what terrorist 
groups or criminal gan g* could do 
with such weapons. 

Next week we must begin tbe hard 
work of strengthening the weapons 
convention, widening its writ giving 
it enforcement teeth and. not least 
increasing beyond tee present 41 the 
number of countries teat are party to 
it If we are ever to rid mankind of the 
scourge of war, this is an important 
step on the way. 

International Herald Tribune 


m OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1894c The Wicked Press 


PARIS — It is not generally known 
teat there ism France a society whose 
medal mission is to combat the 
abuses arising from the use of tobac- 
co. It has just published a manifesto 

wh^basn^^t^: Prefect of 
not to heed tbe prayer of tee society 
10 forbid smoking ou the platforms of 
omnibuses and tramcars. One of tbe 
leading journals, we are told, even had 
the auaaptyto demand pennissian for 
the public to smoke inside omnibuses, 
unto tee pretext of driving away bad 
smells. The manifesto coodudes with 
the remark that journalists often see 
peraons and things through tee ckmds 
emitted by their cigars. 


upon tee justice and humanity of the 
Peace Conference. They urge teat the 
Allied and Associated Powers estab- 
lish a code of laws for the internation- 
al protection of the natives of Africa, 
similar to tee proposed international 
Code of Labor, and that the League 
of Nations establish a permanent bu- 
reau changed with the special duty of 
overseeing the application of these 
laws to tee political social and eco- 
nomic welfare of tee natives. 


1919: African Request 


PARIS — Negroes and msrokls, 
who number 200,000,000 and who 
are represented in Paris by the Pan- 
African Congress, which met last 
week, are making a legitimate call 


1944; Fuhrer'sRage 

STOCKHOLM , — [From .our New 
York edition:] Adolf Hitler, in a visit 
to the north Russian front, ordered a 
number of high officers shot in his 
ragpai Goman reverses, and Colonel 
General Lmdenuum, commandme 
Gernten troops in the Leningrad 
area, has committed suicide as a re- 
sult. usually reliable sources said 
tornght [Feb. 23]. Reports which 
out of Estonia said Hitler 
visited the front late in January, 
meting out violent punishment, 


'"*■■** 








t ypjii l 


v 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1994 

OPINION 




Green Gobs and Gillooly: 
The Olympics 9 Our Way 


."V 


Vi •' 




Bj E.J.Pioane Jr, 

W ASHINGTON ; — When Amen-’ hcahh care standards Where both odes 
cans complain about politics, ‘ favor ^safety nos,” Democrats tend to 
their grmrrpmesstisually falls into one of favor bigger ones, 
two categories. Ether tfac Angry voter Democrats think gnv rrnjnmt spend- 
will assert that there are no drfraences inz for rob tramma and education wffl 


3Q- 


By Anna Quindlen 


iHEWJHPlAK, 
mat* «K6l 


Democrats dtmlr gjveamxnt spend- 
...... ..me Tor 'job' training and education will 

btiweeir Repobficans end Democrats isdpmore people than cuts in the top tax 
and that itdoesn't matter who is elected . rates that Republicans championed. 
Or the critic wiD denounce both parties Democrat? that that fl^y w n Ty^rr 1 in- 
fer bring too ^extreme" and “partisan” vestment in new reads or research -can 
and wood s why t hey cannot get togeth- hdp the economy as leak as much as 
er. to solve common problems. . private invrsmjentin. say, new office 

Occasionally,- the sameperson wiH ■ ... n nildingc Republicans are sleep deal, 
make both critiques simultaneously, . But ftanwyiiB: are 

which is sot as irrational as it seems, opeafinc 'within' broadly wmtlnr worid 
Those who say that the parties areboth ' - .VKWswnen it comes to the merits -rit 
too 'smular aiuJ tooe5Etiai« arei»uaB!y . iequDg most of the economy, and most 




i4i 



asserting that the' public fights between 
them are largdy contrived, as both rides 
exaggerate jhar differences for short- 
tenn grin at ejection time. . ■ >- 
Once in office, the parties never, be- 
have as differently from each other as 
they promised they would. Tims did 
George Bush run as a fiercely anti-gov- 
ernment candidate and then preside. 


investment dedstons, in private bands. 
This would cqme as no surprise butfor aH 
the exaggerated rhetoric about bow the 
Democrats favor “big government” and 
the Republicans “small gareezmenc.** 
The mith istbat botiipartks are oper- 
ating at the margins. The margins are 
□npratani, as any American making 
more than S250,GG0wifl notice when they 


* A 


increase in government Sic their taxes this year. Bat the amilar- 


spending as a share of die nation’s eco- 
nomic output. Bill Clinton promised all 
sorts of new p rog r a m s and now finds, 
himself cutting away at spending amply 
to keep tbeddtdt bdow J200wffion. 

It is rare, that a government docil- 


ities are more important. No matter how 
modi small government rhetoric they de- 
ploy, the Republicans will not abolish 
Social Security, Medicare Medicaid or 
the defense budget, which together ac- 
count fer most of federal spending. No 


'Normally, madam, you should go to the Department of Coughs and 
Colds for treatment. However, your prostate examination was 
favorable, so we can treat you under Part B, Subsection IV 

~~ LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


meat throws Tight, rat this sort of. do? matter how mnch they wax populist in 
bate, but there was much' enlighten- their occasional rebukes to “big business” 
mart in the annual economic report of or “the rich,” the Democrats are not 
the president issued last week. The re- proposing oanfiBcaiqqr tares ora govern- 
port is mostly the work of the prcst- meat takeover of General Motors, Gener- 
dent’s Council ofEconomic Advisers, riHoctricorlBM- - 
chaired by Laura D’Andrea Tyson. AH tins needs to be borne in mind 

The report demonstrates that there during the craning health care debate, 
are real differences in the way Demo- The Republicans have been at sea in that 
crats andRepublican$ look at the econ- debate because their anti-government 
only and government's role in shaping, rhetoric does not match whar they are 
it. Democrats warty mare than Repobfi-. already for. Through Medicare and oth- 
cans do about growmg ccoorantcinequal- er health programs, the government 
ity.whidi the report caDs“a threat to tbe : pays more than 40 percent of the na- 
soctal fabric that has long bound Amen- dan’s health bilk. That share will grow 
cans togdiKx." Democrats see govern- as the population ages. By s u ppor ti ng 


Greece and Macedonia Will Over Weaponry 


mini as festering, not retarding, ecrarrari- 7 Medicare, Republicans 
k growth and as hnprovm& not Hasting, government wnl play a ] 
the average petson's standard of living. health system. Bat few . 
Whereas the economic reports issued by “big government” Repu 
Republican pieadcnts inrfudad detailed . Almost evoyoqe says ’ 
analyses of the costs of government zeai- mem rimidd prohibit in 
latian, this one includes a section cat the nia from turning people 
urgency of govanmenl-kd health care . coverage jnst because th 
reform and praises government's efforts ousting” medical ccodi 
to dean up . the envirrauumt. good idea, imd also mo 

But anybody who thinks of . Demo- urn" Many vdx> knock 
crats as closet “socialists'’ ought to read praise private insurance 
all the material in here about tbe impor- doing better recently at 
tance of free markets, competition, .. j^d^_«M5--lviKEng 
“capital formation,” business invest- - attack Mr. Ointon for pi 
meat and free trade. Offering ah aipr- . So beware of aD the *1 
meat dear to the heartsof those who see and “free market” pad. 
a globri free market as a good thma for hearing in the craning i 
the United States, the report erphdtiy nobody in the debate is j 
questions whether freer world trade has freein a rkct in healLh care 
driven down American wages.. suggesting that America 

So, yes, it matters whether you elect route. As the Council of E 
Democrats or Republicans. Democrats-, ers would tell you, that i? 
are more wflHng than Republicans to • every other political ques 
put floras, under peopled mpraoes and . . . The Washingtw 

■ .■-•ij.'-' 1 yti - ■•j.t- j. ■* inii>ii . ■ »-■ >' •n.frv&t 


or “the rich,” the Democrats are not 
pnqxKing confiscate tares ora govena- 
ment takeover of General Motors, Gener- 
al Bedric or IBM.. 

All this needs to be borne in mmd 
during the craning health care debate. 
The Republicans Irave been at sea in that 
debate because their anti-government 
rhetoric does not match wnar they are 
already for. Through Medicare and oth- 
er health programs, the gov e r nment 
pays more than 40 percent of the na- 
tion's health bilk. That share will grow 
as the population ages. By s u ppor ti ng 
Medicare; Republicans concede that 
government vail piny a huge role in the 
health system. But few ever talk about 
“big government” Republicans. . 

Al most evnyoue says that the govern- 
ment should pnrf^h^msurance c omp a- 

covexage just because they haws a “pre- 
existing” medical condition. That is a 
good idea/ and also more “big govern- 
ment” Many who knock the Chilton bill 
praise private insurance companies for 
doing betta receutiy at homing down 
mcdMco6C---liyiffi^ 
attack Me. daton for^ proposing. 

So beware cf afl tbc ‘ v big government’* 
and “free maricet” patter you win be 
hearing in the craning months. Almost 
nobody in the debate is proposing a real 
freemaifcet in health care. And nobody « 
suggesting that America go tbe Soviet 
xoute.AstheCouncdlGfEcraion&cAdvis- 
ezs would tell yoo, that is true on almost 
evtsy bthapcntical question, too. 

. _ 77k Washington Post 


Regarding the report "Greece-Mocedo- 
ma Frontier Slams Shut” (FA 18): 

As my business brings me often to 
both Greece and tbe Forma Yugoslav 
Republic of Macedonia, or FYROM, I 
closely follow developments in tbe rela- 
tions of (he two countries. 

But 1 find this article’s choice of no- 
menclature on the subject misleading. 
The entity denominated as “Macedo- 
nia” has been recognized by six Europe- 
an Union countries and the United 
States, and has been admitted to tbe 
United Nations as the Former Yugoslav 
Republic of Macedonia. 

One cannot lightheartedly refer to 
FYROM as “Macedonia” when a Greek 
Macedonia already exists, much as one 
does not label the United Mexican 
States the “United States.” 

The four words preceding the “Mac- 
edonia” in FYROM’s till care important 
to comprehend and respect. 

A complex set of geograpte/politica] 
and linguistic definitions must be taken 
into consideration before one can write 
with an air of uncontested confidence 
that northern Greece “was split off from 
a broader Macedonian region during 
two wars early this century. 1 ' 

Such a region was never dearly de- 
fined; what is today known as FYROM 
was Vardar Banoiina, not “Macedo- 
nia,” during tbe two wars. The first time 
a “Macedonia” of any sort is mentioned 
outside the Greek context is after Tito's 
Yugoslavian melange of 1945. 

T. CAREY WHITE 
Cognac. France. 


Regarding “If Intervention Isn't to Be 
Decisive, Why Intervene?” (Opinion. FA 
19) hr diaries Krauthammer: 

Mr. Krau thammer compares Bosnia 
to South Vietnam in saying it is weaker 
than its adversaries. But a more mean- 
ingful difference is this: While the South 
Vietnamese regime had no will to defend 
itself, the Bosnians have amply demon- 
strated dial they are capable and willing 
to do so against overwhelming odds. 

A comparison between Bosnia and 
Israel in its early days would have been 
more informative. The Israelis were will- 
ing to defend themselves but did not 
have enough weapons. They neverthe- 
less bdd out until material help arrived. 
Material help has yet to reach Bosnia. 

T. MINH VUONG. 

Mougins, France. 


Op timism an d Qpt rq gp 

Regarding “Gerry Adams: Optimisti- 
cally Into the Irish Dark " f Opinion, FA. 
2) by Edna O'Bnen: 

The writer makes no allusion, in her 
article on Gerry Adams, to the hun- 
dreds of British citizens killed or 
maimed by the Irish Republican Army, 
whose violence be helps to prolong.' 
Nor does she refer to the two attempts 
on the life of John Major, one of them 
aimed at his full cabinet and one, near- 
ly successful, aimed at Margaret 
Thatcher when she was prime minister. 
The article grossly underestimates the 
sense of outrage m Britain on these 
continuing atrocities. 

RONALD GRAY. 

Cambridge. England. 


Growing Up Unwanted Check Those Berets 


Regarding “Elf Angers Vatican on Ho- 
mosexuals’' (World Briefs, FA. 10): 

We know that the Vatican opposes 
birth control and abortion. It is amazing 
to me that the Vatican believes the guar- 
anteed scars of growing op unwanted 
are more damaging than tbe passible 
scats of being wanted by same-sex par- 
ents. Perhaps the numbness produced 
by thousands of years of homeless, un- 
wanted and exploited children has led 
the Vatican to believe that such a situa- 
tion is less an “aberrant deviation” tha n 
that of same-sex parents. 

LESLIE JOHN LOHMANN. 

Tokyo. 


Regarding the report “Reliving D-Day 
far Comrades Who Can't” (Feb. 22): 

As a former paratrooper of roughly 
the same vintage. I read with interest 
the Page 1 story about WWUairborne 
veterans who think that jumping out 
of a plane at age 70 and up is an 
appropriate way to celebrate D-Day 
plus 5u years. No comment on that, 
but wbat is this stuff about their wear- 
ing maroon berets? Thai was British 
paratroop headgear, as J recall. 
Certainly not American. 

J. B. PETERS. 

Fayetteville. North Carolina. 


N EW YORK — Tbe In-Home All- 
Kid Winter Olympics began here 
on the second school stttfflf day of the 
year. The opening ceremonies co n s is ted 
of eating Honey Nut Chcerios out of tbe 
box and singing along loudly to the 
Royal Canadian Kilted Yaksmen an- 
them from the Ren and Sumpy show. 

“You be Nancy," said the represen- 
tative of the third grade to tbe r^tre- 

MEANITOLE 

sanative of the kindergarten. “I’ll be 
Tonya’s bodyguard," 

The kindergarten representative fled 
upstairs to don ha purple leotard and 
practice throwing ber arms above her 
weari and acknowledging the cheers of a 
nonexistent crowd. Her opponent was 
benched for unsportsmanlike conduct. 

Could there have been a more fortu- 
itous convergence of events than that of 
the Olympics in Lillehammer and tbe 
cursed American winter of 1994? Tbe 
people of Norway, so snowbound yet so 
-redolent always 'of good cheer, good 
complexion and great sweaters, made it 
seem bad form for Americans to carp 
about storms, mud slides, earthquakes, 
buried cars and icy sidewalks. 

Winter storm warnings existed always 
in tbe shadow of news flashes on wheth- 
er Jeff Gillooly, Tonya Harding’s forma 
husband, had sold yet another video of 
his ex-wife playing peekaboo with tbe 
top of ha clothing, a 3.0 in tbe artistic 
impression category. 

More important, as school snow day 
gave way to school snow day, the Olym- 
pics provided not only an exhibition of 
athletic prowess, sportsmanship and 
garish one-piece latex action wear, but 
an opportunity to play along hoe at 
home. Which is how the All-Kid Olym- 
pic team came to be participating in' the 
luge competition on the staircase while, 
in tbe kitchen below, the team sponsor 
read Majesty magazine, ale chocolate 
chips out of the bag and prayed for 
the snow to stop. 

Tbe luge was followed by bobsled in a 
box. speed skating in socks cm the hand- 
wood floor, and team hockey using Tup- 
perwarr as a puck. “Reebok," the com- 
petitors wrote on their foreheads with 
indelible pens, which will have to be ex- 
plained somehow to their grandmother. 

“You be Nancy,” said the represen- 
tative of the fifth grade. “I’D be Ton- 
ya’s bodyguard.” 

After he was reprimanded, tbe team 
was sent outside into the actual snow, 
where its members complained loudly 
about the cold for 15 minutes, then de- 
manded hot chocolate. 

Tbe gold medal for whining was won 
by the representative of the third grade, 
who made the sentence “No marshmal- 
lows?” stretch for nearly a fuD minuie 
with two tremolos and a conspicuous 


quaver in his voice. This broke the world 
record for a food complaint, which was 
previously held by a Russian boy who 
did not like root vegetables. 

It was the third grader’s third medal 
of the day: He had taken the silver in 
teasing tbe dog and the bronze in daw- 
dling while supposedly changing from 
his pajamas into his clothes. 

He and the fifth-grade representative, 
who appeared in recent months to have 
become tbe Torvill and Dean of bicker- 
ing by aging out of Olympic-level com- 
petition, nevertheless staged a spirited 
display of accusations related to taking 
things that belonged to the other. The 
contest was a draw and they will meet 
again at breakfast to break the tie by 
bickering about who makes the more 
annoying chewing noises. 

The representative of tbe kindergar- 
ten, peeled down to the leotard and the 
flinty skin she now wears for practice 
sessions, attempted a triple axel off the 
coffee table and, true to the spirit of the 
games, rook a resounding fall. She was 
mollified only by false assurances that 
she would someday be permitted to own 
clothing with, sequins on the bodice. 

Ha attempts to persuade the other 
competitors to join ha in ice dancing 
were ridiculed, and she was awarded a 
gpld medal in the cooties category. 

The team then sang its anthem, 
“Great Green Gobs of Greasy Grimy 
Gopher Guts.” and attempted to retire 
for the night without putting away 
the Tupperware, tbe cocoa mugs or 
the practice skin. 

They were recalled to the arena and 
then left discussing the biathlon, which 
consists of both cross-country skiing 
and guns. It was agreed that this was the 
ideal sport. Then the sponsor of the 
team sent them to their rooms with tbe 
promise that if they were not good, Jeff 
Gillooly would be by to tuck them all in. 

The Sew York Tunes. 


Good Losers at Least 

The English are currently bedeviled by 
the cruel combination of a huge enthusi- 
asm for qport coupled with an inability to 
win much. We lost to Ireland [in rugby] at 
Twickenham on Saturday. Mike A titer-, 
ton’s brief honeymoon has ended at 
Kingston, Jamaica, with tbe first real test 
of cricket against the West Indies. The 
[soccer] Worid Cup is now only of aca- 
demic interest to us. No wonder eyes 
turned to Jayne Torvill and Christopher 
Dean at the Winter Olympics. 

Then that lost The burden of years, we 

think imgafian Uy, might have had some- 
thing to do with it. Creditably, tbe skaters 
kept a firm check on injured pride. They 
conveyed their feelings with the gentlest 
of hints: “We have to leave it to ewers to 
make comments about the judging.” 

— The Daily Telegraph ( London J. 


BOOKS 


PARAMILITARY CUL- 
TURE IN POST-VIETNAM 
AMERICA 

By James WilHam Gibson : 357 
pages: $23. Hill & Wang. . 

Reviewed by 
Michiko Kakulani 

\T 7TIH the irivoNanent (and 
YV withdrawal) of American 
forces in Vietnam, tbe old ideab of 
movie machismo underwent a vio- 
lent sea change.The old gtmsHnga 
ballads gave way to bkKtditf and 
more, morally ambiguous sagas 
(movies Hke “Stone” were reptaced 
by movies fike^ "Tbe Wild Bunch”), 
and then in the" mid-1970s, the 
genre of the western itself seemed 

rC ^^anwh3e. *hp wever, a new 
brand of movie bero bQjan to make 
his way to the -screen: Clint 
Eastwood’s Dirty Harry, a. rene- 
gade cot wilting to break all tire 
rules; Charles Bronson’s one-man 
vigilante team 'in “Death Wish” 
(and “Death Wish 2," “3" ami M") 
and, of course, Sylvester SttiDancfr 
punjped-np ex-Green Beret, John 


"HEY RE READiNG 


• Carios Teles, The concierge at 
the HAtef de Gallon in Paris, is 
reading the Firiench translation of 
“Of Mice and Men” by John Stem- 
beet ■ ■; ‘ v . T ■■ 

?*Why am I reading it? Because 
it’s a classic. Bat generally I read 
things that concern daily life, like 
professional literature or theater 
reviews.”; 

- (KN.QdderJHT) 



The^ immense popularity of sbeh 
heroes, the scholar James William 
Gihjw n argues m his new book 
“Warrior Dreams,’* both represent- 
ed and galvanized tto emergence of 
a highly' energized ncw paranriB- 
tary colture.thai offered its aficio- 
nados an escape from ihe social, 
political and economic confusions 
of post-Vietnam Amaica. • 

“It is hardly staprismfv then,” 
writes Gibson, “that American 
men — lacking confidence in the 


By Alan Truscott 


government . and tbe economy, 
troubled by. tire c h angin g relations 
between the sexes, uncertain of 
their identity or their future —be- 
gan to dream, to. fan rarize about 

.the powers and features of another 
Irina of man who could retake and 
reorder the wodd. 

“And the hero, of all these 
dreams was tte paramffiiary war- 
rior. In the New War he fights the 
battles of. Vietnam, a thousand, 
tunes, each time winning decisive- 
ly; Terrorist and (fat® dealers are 
blasted into obfiykm. Illegal aliens 
made tire Untied States arid rite 
honks cd nonvtntes in the Third 
World are. returned by force to 
their proper place. Women are re- 
vealed as dangoroos. temptresses 

. who have to be mastered, avoided, 
or tennmaied.” : 

; In tfie conrse of amplifying tins 
thesis. Gibson, who teaches soctol- 
ojpr and bistory^Califonna State 

-readaw^ fots of infonuation. ; 

: . He nows tire rise tf tto“tedbno- 
thriller” — exemplified by Tom 


Clancy’s noisy, clattering novels — 
and an increase in warrior maga- 
zines lrice Soldier of Fortune. 

He documents the escalating 
sales of military weapons like tbe 
Uzi and the AK-47, and chronicles 
tire growing popularity of combat 
schools and firing ranges. 

Substantial portions of this vol- 
ume are devoted to descriptions of 
a Soldier of Fortune convention, a 
course in shooting combat pistols 
and a war-game retreat, where men 
use paint-ball guns to play at kill- 
ing one another. 

As Gibson sees it, such warrior 
fan tasies began to seep dangerous- 
ly into real life during the 1970s 
and^ *805,- as “the line between doers 
and wannabe’s often blurred.” 
lii tire 1980s, Gibson reports. 


Order (which plotted the assassina- 
tion of the radio announcer Alan 
Berg in. Colorado), began a 
stqjped-up campaign of recast vio- 
lence. 

The same decade, he adds, also 
witnessed tire emergence of psy- 


BRIDGE 


chotic killers who saw thetnsdves 
as wairiors, including James Oliver 
Huberty, who in 1984 opened fire 
in a McDonald's restaurant in San 
Ysidro, California, killing 21 and 
wounding 19; and Patrick Purdy, 
who used an AK-47 in a Stockton, 
Calif ornia schoolyard in 1989 to 
gun down five Southeast Asian 
children and wound 29 others. 

It is Gibson’s contention that 
American warrior mythology bad 
reverberations on a governmental 
level as welL Ronald Reagan’s Start 
Wars rhetoric, the invasoa of Gre^ 
nadfl, covert support of the contras 
in Central America, Oliva North's 
theatrics, the invasion of Panama 
and the Gulf war: all, Gibson sug- 
gests, can be viewed through the 
lens of America’s “post- Vietnam 
warrior culture.'’ 

Although Gibson lays out bis ar- 
guments in energetic, readable 
prose and displays a keen repor-. 
torial eye for events he has wit- 
nessed, his overall analysis often 
feds simplistic, derivative and lack- 
ing in historical perspective. 

He fails to situate tbe new para- 
military ethos of the warrior fully 
in reJatiooship to America's violent 
history and its historical faith in the 
redemptive possibilities of vio- 
lence. 

He makes only passing refer- 
ences to the groundbreaking work 
of tbe historian Richard Slotkin, 
but at tire same time takes many of 
his central ideas from Slotkm’s 
monumental three-volume work on 
tire frontier myth (“Regeneration 
Through Violence," “The Fatal En- 
vironment" and “Gunfighter Na- 
tion”). 

In many cases, Gibson simply 
extrapolates Slotkin 's observations 
to the contemporary American 
scene, sometimes adding small edi- 
torial asides of Us own. 


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aiy, was one of the strongest events 
ever played anywhere. Among 
those invited were the three Data 


m nrite and two French pahs who 
wta a different world title a year 
earlier. 

The American representation 
could hardly be stronger: Jeff 
Meckstroib and Eric RodwdlrBob 
WolffandBobHaminaniaiidDa 1 ' 
vid Boko wife and Isuy Cdwn. 

Other former winnos taking 
part Gabrid Otagas and 

Marcdo Branco of- Bram, .and . 
Tony Frarertef and Andy Rowan 
of Britain. On the (fiagramed^ 
from the 1993 event tbe British bid 
the North-Sooth hands to six ho- ‘ 
trump aifi hadplcoty d c ompa ny. 
The contract is normal but tariWc, 
since thoC apipeare to be a sure 
loser in each red suit 
Robson faced, an taiheipfui 
spade lead, and found. a*pw p. 
make tbe ^ arn He cashed au the 
black-suit winners and played ace^'" 


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Neiitor side was vntoenihie. The, 
-bidding: >• . ... 

East . / Soudt Wear : > North - 
Past I N.T,- Pass . ; 6N.T-. 
pans ' Pa» . Pass . 

, ' We«led Ore spade tour. - • 


kmg of Samcmds and a. timid 
ramd. West was now cm Jead .with - 
just Ms' four, hearts, and -led:*' low 
one. Robson put up tfmmtfs ten 
andmadetheslam itaving brought ' 
offal2-to-l toagshot: Hi: needrf 
tbifrOT tirequeen-jadt of tiamnds 
doubfeton or find Vest with 3-4-3- - 
3jdistnTjuJkai and. both crossing 
heart Minors. 

.‘ -Three- jpaira made^ no-tromp 


ifui lead of tbe heart Michiko Kokutam is on the staff* 
a Danish pair cleverly °f The New York Tunes 


after a helpful lead of tbe heart 
queen: And a Danish pair cleverly 
stopped in five no- trump, having 
worked out that the play for a slam 
would be poor. They deserved a 
very good score fra this accurate 
assessment, but had to be content 
with an average because four of the 
slams succeeded. 


Ith way to sub scribe 
in Great Britain 

jwu ateg 

0800 89 5965 


IvrMUMTJIWU, 


uungkiheds.? 

NOW PRINTED IN 
NEWARK 
PORSAMEDAY 

delivery in Key Cities 

TO SUBSCRIBE, CALL 

1 - 800-882 2884 

(IN NEW YORK. CALL 212-7523890) 


The International Herald Tribune and the State 
Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems of China 
are inviting the world's business leaders to an unprecedented 
three-day Summit meeting on China's economic reform. 

Its aim is to foster a dialogue as well as business 
i development opportunities at the highest levels amongst the 
leaders of the Chinese government and the global business 
community. 

The Summit, “The Socialist Market Economy of the 
People’s Republic of China, 1994 - 2000: Implications for 
Global Business; will be held in Bering on May Uth, 12th and 
13th of this year. 

Participating will be the major figures of the 
Government of China as well as key provincial government 
and soup industry leaders. It will be a rare opportunity to hear 
and personally meet the people who arc driving China’s 
economic direction into the next millennium. 

As you would expect with an event of this stature, it 


will be a closed-door conference and will not be open to the 
general public. 

The International Herald Tribune is inviting a limited 
number of the largest multinational corporations with a stake 
in the future of the Chinese economy to participate as Summit 
Sponsors. There will be 3 levels of sponsorship: Summit, 
Corporate and Supporting. Each will offer a comprehensive 
communications package consisting of conference-related 
benefits and advertising in the International Herald Tribune 
and a leading Chinese- language daily newspaper.- The deadline 
for registration is March loth. 

For a complete information package, please fax 
Mr. Richard McClean, Publisher, at +33 (1) 46372133. Or call 
+33 (1) 46379301. 

The International Herald Tribune China Summit. It win 
prove to be the rngjor business event of 1 994 for China, for 
Asia and for the <•«* < k moMn*uM* • « 

companies participating. ilffSiu^i^^nvUnC 


THE INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE CHINA SUMMIT. 








Page 8 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1994. 

HEALTH /SCIENCE 


Is Ulcer Bacteria Linked to Cancer? 


By Lawrence K. Altman 

.V« York Tima Semen 


W ASHINGTON — After a decade 
of fierce debate and much re- 
search, the once heretical view 
that stomach ulcers are an infec- 
tion caused by a bacterium, Helicobacter pylori, 
and are curable with antimicrobial drugs, has 
prevailed. And now leading researchers are 
turning to the public health implications of H. 
pylori, including a link to stomach cancer. 

Until this view of the cause of ulcers was 
endorsed this month by an independent panel 
of medical experts convened by the National 
Institutes of Health in Bethesda. Maryland, the 
theory and benefits of antimicrobial therapy 
were still considered unproved and radical. The 
panel also urged a drastic change in standard 
ulcer therapy: the addition erf' combinations of 
antimicrobial drugs to the usual ulcer regimen. 

Since H. pylon is found only in humans, 
experts now talk about the potential elimina- 
tion of most ulcers in the United States, if not 
the world, through antimicrobials and possibly 
a vaccine. 

"No doubt, eradication will happen eventu- 
ally." said Dr. David Y. Graham, a gastroenter- 
ologist and H. pylori expert at the Veterans 
Administration Medical Center in Houston 
who is also chief of digestive diseases at Baylor 
College of Medicine. 

Nevertheless, experts are concerned that an- 
timicrobials may be prescribed improperly, cre- 
ating drug-resistant H. pylori that would spread 
widely. Already such resistance has appeared 
on a small scale. 

The precise chain of events that leads to 
stomach ulcers, and possibly cancer, is just one 
of many mysteries concerning H. pylori. 

Studies have shown that H. pylori is common 
throughout the world and that the prevalence is 
greater in developing than in developed coun- 
tries. Almost everywhere, H. pylori is more 
common among people in lower socioeconomic 
classes. But most perplexing is why so many 
people are infected with H. pylori yet relatively 
few develop ulcers and stomach cancer. 

One theory likens H. pylori to the bacterium 
that causes tuberculosis: for unknown reasons. 


a people are infected with the tubercle 
us, but the lifetime risk of developing 
tuberculosis is about 10 percent. 

So-called stomach ulcers appear in two 
places. Duodenal ulcers, which develop in the 
first part of the small intestine, are mote com- 
mon than gastric ulcers, which are in the stom- 
ach. Virtually all patients with duodenal ulcers 
have evidence of H. pylori infection, and about 
80 percent of those with gastric ulcers harbor 
the organism. 

The most convincing evidence for a causal 
association between ulcers and H. pylori infec- 
tion comes Tram significant differences in rates 

of recurrence among ulcer patients who did and 

did not receive antimicrobials. 


Among ulcer patients in whom H. pylori is 
eliminated and who do not take a drug that may 
cause gastrointestinal bleeding, like ibuprofen. 


the recurrence rate is less than 5 percent after 
two years. Dr. Graham said. 

For those who received standard therapy 
without antimicrobials — drugs to block acid 
production — and in whom H. pylori persisted, 
the recurrence rate is about 75 percent. 

Another mystery is why the incidence of 
stomach cancer has declined so drastically in 
recent decades. In the United Stales op to 
World War R. stomach cancer haded the list 
of cancer deaths in men and was third (behind 
cervix and breast) in women. Now it ranks sixth 
for both men and women. 

Studies have found that the prevalence of H. 
pylori has also sharply declined. Among 
healthy Americans younger than 30 the inci- 
dence is about 10 percent, but among those 
over 60 it approaches 60 percent. Because H. 
pylori is believed to persist in the stomach for a 
lifetime, the data suggest that infection with H. 
pylori in childhood nas declined significantly 
over recent decades. 

Perhaps as a result, ulcer rates, too. have 
declined in the United Stales in recent years. 

Many suspect that the decline in 'the H. 
pylori infections may be linked to improved 
sanitation and hygiene. 

Another theory has it that the widespread use 
of refrigerated foods has cut down on salt and 
other preservatives, which have been suggested 
to be carcinogens. But until the evidence for H. 


pylori, no one could point to a possible micro- 
bial cause. 

There still is uncertainly about how H. pylori 
is transmitted Because the bacterium can be 
found in feces, the assumption is that person- 
to-person transmission is important. But 
whether H. pylori spreads through contamina- 
tion erf food and water, and bow often, are not 
known. Experts are also intensifying efforts to 
gather stronger evidence that H. pylori plays a 
crucial role in causing stomach cancer. 

Three studies haw indicated that those in- 
fected with H. pylori had about four times 
greater risk erf developing stomach cancer. But 
other studies, which some critics say were not as 
sound methodologically, did not find that con- 
nection. 

In other studies, researchers in England and 
Germany have reported startling evidence in 
more than 15 patients that a rare form of 
stomach cancer, a lymphoma known as 
MALT, virtually disappears after antimicro 
bial therapy for H. pylori. Dr. Graham said 
his team has had similar results with four 
patients in Houston. 

H. pylori apparently promotes growth of 
MALT cancer cells indirectly, a team in Lon- 
don beaded by Dr. Peter G. Isaacson has re- 
ported in The Lancet. The bacterium stimulates 
T cells in the immune system to produce sub- 
stances called cytokines, particularly one 
known as IL-2. 

I T takes years for stomach cancer to devel- 
op. Thus additional research is required to 
determine how soon an individual would 
need to take antimicrobial therapy to pre- 
vent stomach cancer. 

The proportion of stomach cancers related to 
H. pylori is not dear, but it could turn out to be 
a significant number. At most. H. pylori would 
account for 60 to 80 percent of stomach can- 
cers, Dr. Pentti Srpponea of Jorvi Hospital in 
Esbo. Finland, told the pand. 

If future studies prove a cause-and-effect 
connection, stomach cancer would be the first 
malignancy that could be prevented by treating 
a chronic bacterial infection that is a precursor 
to the tumor. Scientists have identified liver and 
bladder cancers that con be avoided if viral 
(hepatitis B) and parasitic (snail fever} infec- 
tions are prevented. 


Aspirin a Day: Better Than Apple? 


Star York Tima Service 

EW YORK —“Cheap 100- Year-Old 
Household Drug Found to Fight 
Heart Attacks, Strokes. Cancer, 
Etc." sounds like a too-gpod-io-be- 
true headline. 

But dozens of studies involving more than a 
million people have hailed such a drug. It is 
none other than ordinary aspirin, the standby 
for reducing pain, fever and inflammation. 

The findings of recent studies strongly sug- 
gest that an aspirin a day — or at least every 
other day — may be better than an apple at 
keeping the doctor away. 

Aspirin, these studies indicate, can reduce a 
person's chances of suffering a heart attack or 
stroke and of developing cancers of the colon 
and other digestive organs. 

It may also improve brain function in people 
with dementia who have suffered little strokes, 
ward off or reduce the severity of migraine 
headaches and help prevent hazardous high 
blood pressure in pregnant women. Also being 
studied are aspirin's possible roles in prevent- 
ing cataracts and averting recurrences of gall- 
stones. 

And. in general these benefits accrue from 
very low doses of the drug, known chemically as 
acetylsaiicylic acid, derived from a substance in 
the bark of the willow tree that was used me- 
dicinally by the Greek physician Hippocrates in 
the 5th centory B. C. 

But aspirin did not officially enter the medi- 
cal armamentarium until the 1890s. when a 
chemist who worked Tor the Bayer Division of 3 
German pharmaceutical company developed it 
partly out of a desire to relieve his father's 
painful, crippling arthritis. Hailed as the closest 
thing to a pain-relieving panacea, aspirin soon 


became one or the world's most widely used 
dnigSL 

when scientists in the 1960s and 1970s final- 
ly unraveled how aspirin worts chemically in 
the body, the drug assumed a whole new life. 
Aspirin was round to block the production of 
substances called prostaglandins. Among many 
other actions, prostaglandins promote the 
dumping of blood cells called platelets, a cru- 
cial step in the formation of blood dots that 
could predpiiate heart attacks and strokes. 

In a five-year study of 22.000 middle-aged 
doctors, those who took one ordinary aspirin 
tablet every other day suffered 40 percent fewer 
heart attacks than those given a look-alike 
dummy medication. A similar placebo-con- 
trolled study is now under way in women. . 

It has already been noted in a six-year study 
of 90.000 nurses that those who said they took 
one to six aspirins a week suffered 25 percent 
fewer heart attacks than nonaspirin users. 

Aspirin had previously beat found to be 
effective in treating heart attacks: when given 
within hours of an attack (the sooner the bet- 
ter), it was shown to reduce deaths by 25 
percent. And when taken regularly by heart 
attack patients, it reduced cardiovascular 
deaths by 23 percent and reduced the risk of a 
second nonfatal attack as well as nonfatal 
strokes by nearly 50 percent. 

Based "on these findings, experts have urged 
that a supply of aspirin be kept wherever a 
bean attack victim might not be able to receive 
immediate medical attention. 

The latest excitement surrounds the observa- 
tion that regular users of aspirin have reduced 
rates of cancers of the colon, rectum, stomach 
and esophagus. These cancers combined cause 
about 8 1.000 deaths a year in the United States. 


CROSSWORD 


Colorectal cancer alone is the United States' 
second leading cause of cancer deaths and the 
leading cancer killer among nonsmokers. 

The most telling study to date, conducted by 
the American Cancer Society, involved more 
than 660,000 men and women whose health 
status has been monitored for a decade. 

It suggested that as aspirin use rose, the risk 
of cancer death fell: those who used aspirin 16 
or more times a month were about half as likely 
to die of colon cancer as non users. 

Looking at all four digestive system cancers 
together, cancer society researchers found a 40 
percent lower death rale among men and wom- 
en who used aspirin 16 or more times a month 
for at least one year. And the longer aspirin had 
been used, the lower the risk, they reported. 

Aspirin may also be useful in fighting cancer. 
It stimulates production of two cancer-fighting 
components of the immune system: gamma 
interferon and interleukin-2. Researchers are 
now studying its effect as an adjunct to conven- 
tional treaunenL 

Despite its long history and popularity, aspi- 
rin does have side effects that can become 
serious in some people. It increases bleeding 
tendencies and in some people causes bleeding 
in the stomach, an effect thaL can often be 
countered by using enteric-coated aspirin. 

Preventive aspirin therapy is most often rec- 
ommended for men over 40 and women over 50 
who have one or more major risk factors for 
heart disease, including smoking, a family his- 
tory of heart attack before 55. high blood pres- 
sure. unfavorable cholesterol levels, obesity or 
diabetes. 

Jane E. Brody 


Theories of a Rogue Bacterium’s Role in Disease 

Damage resulting from infection by the coricscrew^p^ntk^obe Helicobacter pylon H. pylon lurks in 

mysterious chain of events that produces ufcere..Saentisfe suspect it also helps cause stomasn ’which becomes 

the mucus layer produced by the cells -lining the stomach and its crypts. Underneath la the suom 
inflamed by immune cefls called In to attack R pytofi! .. «-■' V.j; - . y-. 






mm tv- 


Study Ties Ads to Teen Smoking 


By Jane E. Brody 

Netr Tork Tima Service 

EW YORK — A new study has 
linked a sharp increase in smoking 
by teenage girls in the late 1960s 
and early 1970s to soaring sales of 
widely advertised cigarettes for women. 

The study's authors say their findings pro- 
vide the strongest evidence to date that ciga- 
rette advertising, despite industry assertions 
to the contrary, lures children into starting 
smoking. 

The study, published this week in The 
Journal of the American Medical Associa- 
tion. showed that the sales and advertising 
drive for women’s cigarettes in the late 1960s 
and early 1970s coincided with a major in- 
crease in the numbers of teenage girls who 
took up smoking, at the same time that smok- 
ing among boys was on the decline. 

The study linked advertising campaigns for 
Virginia Slims, Silva Thins and Eve ciga- 
rettes, all of which were aimed at women, 
with striking increases in the start of smoking 
by young girls. • - . . . , 

During a six-year period from 1967 to 
1973, when sales of women's cigarettes sky- 
rocketed. there was a 1 10 percent increase in 
the rate of I2-year-old girls who started, 
smoking, a 55 percent increase among 13- 
year-olds. a 70 percent increase among 14- 
y ear-olds, a 75 percent increase among 15- 
year-olds, a 55 percent increase among 16- 


year-olds and a 35 percent increase among 
17-year-old girls. 

From the end erf World War II to 1967, 
there had been only a slight increase in the 
start of smoking by teenage girts, the authors 
noted. But in 1967, when rales of women’s 
cigarettes took off, the rate of starting to 
smoke rose sharply among gjiis younger than 
17, peaking in 1973 when rales of such ciga- 
rettes reached a record 516 billion. 

After 1973, when sales of women's ciga- 
rettes began to drop off, so did the rate of 
starting to smoke for teenage girls, the study 
found. Daring the same six-year period,-thc 
study showed, smoking initiation rates 
among boys Tram 12 through 17 declined. By 
1975, the percentage of boys and girts starting 
to smoke had evened out 

The new study, which is believed to pro- 
vide the- strongest link yet between tobacco 
advertising and smoking behavior by teen- 
agers, was based on U. S. health surveys con- 
ducted among 102,626 adults who had been 
regular smokers at some point in their lives. 

The study, directed by Dr. John P. Pierce of 
the University of California San Diego Gancer 
Center, examined when these adults took up 
smoking. It also showed that girls who did not 
go on to college were more Gkrty than coUegB- 
bound girls to start smokmg at rite time of the. 
sales peak for women's cigarettes. 

The finding runs counter to the tobacco 
industry's assertion that its marketing is not 
aimed at children and suggests that industry’s 


stated intent to discourage smoking by mi- 
nors has been ineffective at best, according to 
Nancy J. Kaufman, a nurse who wrote an 
editorial in the same issue of the journal, 
Ms. Kaufman noted that “virtually all 

rniirfcrngimriaiti onoccurshy the age of island 

with the dwriinfr in adult smokmg, “almost one 
million new smokers, 3,000 per day, of whom 
most will be children and adolescents, must be 
recruited each year to fill die void." 

- Smoking by teenagers declined by about 
one-third in the late 1970s but it bas remained 
almost constant in the last decade. Currently, 
1 9 percent of high school seniors smoke and 
more than a millio n children under 18 be- 
come regular smokers each year, according to 


the Office of Smoking and Health, a division 
of the Public Health Service. 

. Thomas Lamia, a spokesman for the To- 
bacco Institute, the industry’s lobby group, 
said that “peer pressure, not advertising, is 
what influences smoking rates." He atiribut- 
cd.the increase in smoking by young girts in 
the late 1960s to the women’s liberation 
movement, “die time when bra-buming 
- women were abandoning traditional roles.” 

■ Smoke Found in Fetal Hair 
Sdentists rcpOTted.that they have found- 
evidence of cigart^ smoke in foetal hair, the 
first solid proof that even the offspring of 
□on-smoking mothers can be affected by pas- 
sive cigarette smoke, according to a Reuters 
report quoting Dr. Gideon Korea of the Hos- 
pital for Sick Children in Toronto. . 


Tropical Forest Cycle Seems to Quicken 


By Boyce Rensberger 

Washington Post Service 


W ASHINGTON —Trees and other 
vegetation in many of the world’s 
tropical forests appear to be grow- 
ing faster, dying sooner and bring 
replaced still faster, according to a report by 
two botanists who studied forest change since 
the 1950s. 

Scientists speculate that the cause is the so- 
called fertilizer effect of the rising concentra- 
tion of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. 

And. they say, the faster rate of “forest turn- 
over" could be making the CO, problem still 
worse by releasing some of the carbon that is 
now locked up in slower-growing trees until 
they die and rot Vegetation that grows faster 
tends to consume less CO, before reaching its 
maximum swe 

“This is a new kind of ecological problem that . 
hasn't really been assessed before." said Oliver L 


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23 NASA 
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26 Man with a horn 

30 Can't stand 

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33 Untrustworthy 
sort 

34 Former nuclear 
agey. 

37 Being 
broadcast 

38 The Rumba 
King 


Solution to Puzzle of Feb. 23 


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47 Place pamimg carpet 


IN BRIEF 

The BiUlon-Year-Old Fossil 

NEW YORK (NYT) — The traditional view 
that life began to colonize the land onlv about 
500 million years ago has apparently Been re- 
fined by the discovery of fossils of microscopic 
life thought to be as old as 12 billion years. 

The discovery of what may be filaments of 
bacteria, or blue-green algae, was made at two 
sites in the American Southwest. At both sites, 
the discoverers reported, the carbon content of 
rock that had once been soil indicated that 
there had once been “a significant cover of 
photosymhetic organisms." 

The oldest specimens were found northeast' 
of Phoenix, Arizona. The others, dating from 
800 million years ago. were found near Death 
Valiev, California. 


Phillips of the Missouri Botanical Garden m'St 
Louis, who published the report in Science. The 
report was co-written by Ahvyn H. Gently, the 
garden’s senior curator, who dirrl m a j^ane 
crash in Ecuador last August. Gentry was widely 
regarded as perhaps the world’s most knowl- 
edgeable expert on Latin American plants.' 

Stuart Pimm, a University of Tennessee 
plant biologist, said. “This is a unique study in 
that it Jinks for the first time the changes in the 
planet's chemistry and the changes in the tropi- 
cal forests.” 

The study was done by analyzing reports 
made by botanists who repeatedly visit matted 
plots of forest and conduct the botanical equiv- 
alem of a census. They count and measure the 
trees of each species and record deaths. 

Because the chanae was seen in all parts of 
the tropical world, the Missouri botanists sus- 
pected possible causes that would act on! a 
similar scale. These indude progressively more 
extreme fluctuations in weather, adjacent de- 


forestation. other alterations in environmental 
conditions, and rising carbon dioxide levels. 

Of these, the researchers concluded CO, was 
the most likely factor. There is no controversy 
about 'the fact that levels are tiring and that the 
gas sti m u l ates growth in many plant species, 
though to different degrees. The climatic wann- 
ing that would be expected from rising CO, 
concentration is not considered a factor. The 
computer models used to project such trends 
show Utile or no warming in tropical regions. 
Instead, the forest-altering effect is thought to 
be a direct result of carbon dioxide oa plants. 
CO, is consumed in the process of photosyn- 
thesis: 

• Peter R Raven, director of the Missouri 
Botanical Garden and a vigorous c ampaig ner 
against destruction of tropical forests, saiathe 
study shows that even the most remote forests 
are. already being altered by industrial civiliza- 
tion thousands of mQes away. 


The prospect of life on land from L2 billion to 
at least 800.000 years ago offers significant possi- 
bilities for the evolution of early terres tri al life. 

Tbe authors of the report published in Sci- 
ence, were Dr. Robert J. Horodyslti, a specialist 
in microfossils at Tulane University in' New 
Orleans, and Dr. L Paul Knauth, a geologist at 
Arizona State University in Taupe. 


$1 Million Offered for Test 

NEW YORK (IHT) — The Rockefeller 
Foundation has annouced aSI million prize for 
tbe development of a low-cost rapid and easy* 
to perform test* for chlamydia and gonorrhea, 
which are important contributors to disease, 


infertility and infant blindness in many devel- 
oping countries. 

Although both diseases —of which there are 

an estimated 75 million new cases every year 

are easy and moqpensrve to treat with antibiot- 
ics, they are difficult and expensive to derat, 
ana are often asymptomatic tn early stages. 

The condition for the prize, which will remain 
opeQ for five years or until a winner is named, is 
that the test must be capable of being performed 
ro resource-poor areas with limited power,’ no 
refrigeration and limited laboratory equi pmen t. 

'“I nasl - * ta0 ** «r » perform. Ii 
should not require a pdvic examination, and 
people should be able to conduct and interpret 
it with little ot no training. p 


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against cancer. 


4. CoffactofS like dietary 
nitrates and salt, vitamin 


shortages and genetic 
tendencies may be involved 


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THE THIS INDEX 1 15.62® 

bitenraflonal Barak* Trfourm W orW Stock Index ©, composed of 
280irUamtttion88y inwestabte stocks from 25 countries, compfled 
by BJoomberg Business News- Jan. J, 1S92 * 100. 

120' — : — — — ' ---■ -••- • • • • ••••••. . 




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Latin America 


Appro*. wetgMnj 5% ' 
CtoeK 14184 ftW4l<&05 




s o 

1993 

MMdMttr 


s o 

1983 


The Index hacks US. OtJar mktos ot stocks' in; Tokyo, Nm York. London, mi 
Annmttw, Austrafe. Austria, Belgium, BmzB, Canada, Chfls. Danmark, FMand, 
Franca, Germany. Bonn Kong, rtaty. Mexico, Nottwriondt, New ZaaSwai, Norway, 
S/ngapora, Spain, Swwfan, Switzerland and WiiauaH. Far Tokyo, Nate Yorit and 
Lennon, tvbder Is composed vtkxi SO toff Isatm In -wmdl market a&a SB &n. 
otoemiao too ton top stocks ant tractBd. 


Industrial Sectors 


Enwg 114.71 1MJ3 *009 CapMfincds H3.79 m86 -ft06 ' 

WWp ,12199 12699 Uncfi R—teteriali 120.74 120.18 *0.47 

ftw«B 12033 llfljs S4L38 ConwanerGooda. 100,44 10030 +0.14 

SenfcM 124.42 124.18 *0.18 ' Macahnsous 131.06 129.B1 +Oj96 

For mom information about ^ib tndBx. abackM1s BwB8bb1rB8 of charge. 

Write to TtA Index. tSf Avenue Chgdbs da Gao/b, 92521 Natty Codex, France. - 

••_■ .■■.'■ "L- .. _ OkRermoonai H**V idouna 

INTERNATIONAL MANAGER 

For This Bold Start-Up, 

No Chips Off the Block 

By John Markoff . : 

Ne» York Tima Sank* - 

S UNNYVALE, California ? — According to Silicon Valley’s 
conventional wisdom, the computer designers at Microun- 
ity Systems Engineering have it all wrong. Microumty, a 
highly secretive; privately held start-up company, is neariy- 
finished with a new chip factory that is expected to match the 
world’s best in its ability to etch the surface of sfljcon wafers with 
tdtradafri grooves that are less than a hundredth the thickness of a 
human hair. .. 

Such chips, winch the company plans to start shipping late tins . 
year, are likely to provide the drnntiy for ccmsutnerprodu^ like 
video telephones, as wellas the ■ — — — 

most powerful saperconqniters. ii*,, ,. . i Ln _ 1.3. 
Micronnity would Hire to be the MlCTOaillty MS DOUt 

new Intel Corp CTeaimg^e Jjg awn <hip factory - • 

hardware standard for the next • * m 

genftation c i conspiidng. And in liie VaDey, no less. • 
bringing credibility to the vea- ■•••■-. J . 
tore is.Al Matthews, Microuni- ■ . ' " 

tv’s director of teclmology, who in the early 1980s ma de h i s name by 
Ayjg nh jg the chip-making process for Intel’s 38&scries of chips for 


Moreover, some erf the biggest names in computing and commu- 
nications are said tobe quietly investing in the effort. 

But on the face of it, hficrounity is making aD the wKaignioves.lt 
has avoided seddpgveriturecari.mil, instead gathering funding from 


private and corporate sources. Further defying the advice of most; 
the company has set up its sprawling $50 milli on chip-making 
f actorynght in Sinmyvale. 7 7 

It is the first new chip plant built by . a stan-ty company in 
Silicon Valley in five years. Most new chip companies design their 
products in the Valley and send the blueprints as computer files to 
Arizona or Texas or even Asia to be Manufactured less expensively. 

Everybody knows it costs too much to make drips in the Valley.' 
So, with MicrcKim'ty ciispiayingsniciflagranlmi^udgnieni, why fait • 

SeeCHIP, Page 13 ' 


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International Herald Tribune, Thursday , February 24, 1994 





Page 9 


Privatized U.K. Industry Rebounds 


By Richard W. Stevenson 

, NfW York Tune Service 

LONDON — Not too long ago. the idea 
would have been laughable: BMW. a name 
synonymous with German quality and indus- 
trial prowess, paying SI.2 biffioa to acquire 
Rover, the struggling carmaker and a name 
synonymous with British clunkers and indus- 
trial oecifmn 

But in the five and a half years since Me 
British government privatized Rover and cut 
off theMlioas of dollars in subsidies thal had 
"m***"”^ H for more than a decade, the 
company has completed a remarkable turn- 
around. Quality, design and efficiency have 
improved irtmendously. Last year it was one 
of the few European automakers io weather a 
sales slump profitably. 

Bayedsche Motoren Werke AG, which an- 
nounced last month that it was buying the 
bulk of Rover Group Ltd. from British Aero- 
space PLC said it saw great potential to 
increase Rover’s sales. 

The transformation of Rover is just one 
example of how many companies, from Brit- 
ish Airways to British Sled, were pot through 
the crucible of Britain's aggressive privatiza- 
tion program during the 1980s and have 
emerged stronger aim more nimble. 

Freed from the embrace of government 
bureaucrat^ and cut off from its financial 
support, many of the country’s biggest corpo- 
ratious have remade themselves for a world in 
which their survival depends not on subsidies 
but on satisfying customers and shareholders. 

They aim their employees have suffered 
considerable upheaval, including mass lay- 
offs. In the process, however, they have 
helped big British industries become more 
competitive internationally. 

The question of how much credit to give 
the privatization program remains hotly de- 
bated here, as is nearfy every aspect of former 

Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's legacy. 
Bui many of the companies involved have 
continued to expand sad strengthen despite a 
deep recession in Europe and Britain. 

Here are some of the most prominent ex- 
amples: 

• When nearly all the world's airlines have 
been suffering losses, British Airways has 


been among the world’s most profitable for 
several years. 

• British Telecommunications, long a 
stodgy, high-rosi phone company with poor 
service, has slashed prices and improved ser- 
vice to stave off intense competition. 

• British Steel is the only big steelmaker in 
Europe that is profitable 

• BAA, which owns and operates imeraa- 
u ratal airports in Britain, has more than dou- 
bled its profit since privatization in 1 987 and 
is expanding its management sendees into the 
United States and Aria. 

• NFC, formerly National Freight Con- 
sortium, bought Allied Van Lines in the Unit- 
ed States as part of an ambitious expansion. 

• Cable & Wixekss PLC slashed the work 
force at its headquarters, pushed authority 


Many firms survived the 
Thatcher crucible lean 
and profitable. 


and responsibility ont to its operating units 
around the world and has seen its profit rise 
io an estimated S1J billion last year. 

“All these companies that were moribund 
parts of the state sector are now out compet- 
ing around the world." Lord Young, who was 
an early proponent of privatization, said. 
"It’s been incredibly important for Britain.” 

Not every privatized company has flour- 
ished or even survived. Moreover, analysts, 
economists and executives said it would be 
wrong to attribute all improvement to priva- 
tization. The move away from state owner- 
ship, they said, was important only in the 
context of gorermnent policies that had (he 
intention of deregulating industry, creating 
more competi lion and removing barriers to 
foreign trade and investment. 

Stitt, it was privatization that was the most 
visible and in many ways the most far-reach- 
ing change to sweep through British industry 
starting in the early 1980s. 

Privatization has not been uniformly suc- 
cessful Ley land Bus was privatized in 1987 
and sold to Volvo AB of Sweden ayear later. 


Last year, after 5150 million in losses. Volvo 
completed the closure of nearly aD the com- 
pany’s operations. 

Jaguar, the carmaker privatized in 1984 
and acquired by Ford Motor Co. five years 
later, continues to lose money. 

“Nationalized companies were insulated 
from the markets.” Keith Bradley, director of 
the Business P e r fotman ce Group at the Lon- 
don School of Economics, said. 

At Rover, employment fell to 42JOO in 
1988 from 157,000’in 1980. a drop or 73 
percent, as the company was prepared for 
private ownership. It now stands at 33.000. 
But quality and efficiency were improving 
dramatically, largely because erf a partnership 
with Honda Motor Co. of Japan. 

Honda, which owns 20 percent of Rover's 
carmaking operations, was clearly rankled 
when BMW moved it aside to acquire con- 
trol. As a result. Honda said this week that it 
would cut its ties to Rover. 

In addition to cutting costs, roost priva- 
tized companies hare remade their corporate 
cultures along less bureaucratic and more 
entrepreneurial lines. 

At British Steel, most of the plant dosings 
and work-force reductions took place before 
privatization. The move into the private sec- 
tor, ending the need for consultation with the 
government on big decisions, let the manage- 
ment move more quickly. 

The process has also forced companies to 
pay far more attention than before to their 
customers. British Telecom, which had be- 
come infamous for its uncaring attitude to- 
ward consumers, quickly changed its stripes 
at the time of privatization. 

Responding to widespread complaints that 
there were not enough pay phones available 
and that many were not working, the compa- 
ny added 45 percent more of them and in- 
creased the proportion of those in working 
order to 95 percent last year, from 77 percent 
in the early 1980s. 

Faced with competition for the first time 
from other providers of residential and busi- 
ness phone service, the company reduced 
rates by 27 percent from 1984 to 1993, ac- 
cording to government figures. 


Sony Set to Sell 
After Troubles 
At Box Office 


By Lawrence Malkin Inc- and Barry Dillcr. the ambi- 
imemarhnal Herald Tribune tJOUS former Fox Studio chief who 

NEW YORK Sony Corp led the losing team in the bidding 

stung by a loss of more than $100 w^^t PararnounL 
million from Arnold Schwarzenrg- Michael Schulhof ha 


Japan Straggles to Get HDTV in Focus 


By Paul Blustein nation’s rapid technological pro- 

Washutgton Pen Service grass. 

TOKYO — Under pressure Tokyo has lost its huge lead in 
from furious executives of Japan's tWTv — a type of television that 
leading electronics companies, a se- offera crystal-clear pictures — as 
nior Japanese regulator was forced UK industry has developed a tech- 
W<yfn«»!tdfty into r estating support ndogy that appears to leapfrog the 
for Tokyo^s current approach to Japanese competition. The 
devddpuig'next^naatmn tdevi- Wednesday developments indicat- 


nation’s rapid technological pro- said almost the opposite, asserting 
grass. that the government recognized ibe 

Tokyo has lost its huge lead in need to start moving toward a more 
HDTV— a type of television thai futoristic d^lal HDTV system 
offers crystal-clear pictures — as pioneered by U.S. companies. 
UK industry bus developed a tech- ^ ch transmits signals by numeric 
oology thai appears to leapfrog the codes 

Japanese competition. The He said that becauise such a sys- 
Wednesday developments indicat- tem was fast becoming accepted as 
ed how badly Japan Inc, is fltiun- the standard elsewhere in die 
dering as it seeks a way to cope. world, the minis try would review 
AJrimasa Esawa, director-gen cr- hy this summer whether lo couun- 


••• ... dering as it seeks a way lo cope. world, the ministry would review 

On Tuesday be had suggest^ Aldmasa Egawa, director-gen er- by this summer whether lo conun- 
that Tokyo would dump its tab- „j ^ ^ broadcasting admmstra- uc supporting the analog-based 
006 devc ^ opctl m tion bureau in the Ministry of Posts system, 
me unjieo oiaies. and Telecommunications, said at a Japan’s electronics giants, which 

The confusing shifts in the gov- news conference that the ministry had reacted with outrage Tuesday 
ennnem’s position deepened the would continue to support an ana- to die prospect of being forced to 
sense of disarray surrounding Ja- log-based HDTV system, winch write off much of lbeir $3 billion - 
Iran’s expensive effort to build a transmits TV signals in ways simi- plus investment in analog-based 
high-definition television industry. Jar lo conventional TV and radio. HDTV, held a news conference on 
which was once, the pride of the The day before. Mr. Egawa had Wednesday at which the beads of 


3)us investment in analog-based 
HDTV, held a news conference on 


The day before. Mr. Egawa had Wednesday at which the beads of 


1 1 top companies appeared to say 
everything had been pul right by 
Mr. Egawa’s second statement. 

Tadahiro Sekimoto, chairman of 
NEC Corp. and the Electronics In- 
dustries Association of Japan, tri- 
umphantly announced that Mr. 
Egawa had visited him at 9 AKA at 
NEC headquarters lo explain the 
“misunderstandings" that had aris- 
en concerning the ministry's 
HDTV policies. 

■ Broadcasts to Continue 

The association said that the 
country’s “Hi-Vision" HDTV 
broadcasts, which were launched 
byJapan Broadcasting Corp. in 
1989. would continue “mio the 21 st 
century,” Agence-France Presse re- 
ported from Tokyo. 


BAe Again Has Loss , 
Will Seek Alliances 

Compiled by Ovr Prom Dtspauha 

LONDON —British Aerospace PLC announced its third consec- 
utive annua] loss on Wednesday and said its future lay in forging 
alliances across its defense and aircraft sectors. 

. But the company rated out, at least in the short term, the merger 
with Genoal Electric Gx, the British defense contracting giant, that 
it had been exploring last year. 

“There are certainly no discusaons taking place with GEC about a 
megamexger of the businesses,” stud Dick Evans, the chief executive 
of British Aerospace. “What is inevitable is a number of horizontal 
links, not just with GEC but with other companies.” 

- British Aerospace posted a pretax loss of £237 million ($350 
mHUan) for 1993, which included a one-time charge of £308 million, 
part of which covered leasing risks in its turboprop division. The 
company had a record loss of £1.2 billion in 1992. 

Sales rose to £10.1 billion in 1993 from £9.4 billion in 1992. 

‘ Mr. Evans, the company’s chief executive, shrugged off the con- 
troversy surrounding the sale of Rover Group Ltd. to Bayeriscbe 
. Motoren Wake AG for £800 nuflioo. 

- The sale improved British Aerospace’s cash flow and, along with a 
charge taken to cover leasing risks of turboprop aircraft, stemmed 
pressure for an immediate dad in the unprofitable regional aircraft 
sector. 

“Both of these are very wefl positioned for entry into joint 
. ventures,” Mr. Evans said. 

Plans for & regional jet venture with the Taiwan Aerospace Corp. 
-. reman stalled, but the door is still open for talks, be said. 


As Lending Slows, Banks Evolve 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


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" By Carl Gewirtz 

Iruenuiutnal Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The traditional core 
* business of commercial banks, 
lending money, may be on the 
wane, but the institutions ue trying 
® ll *® c ’ to cope by moving into new areas, a 
forging report by the Bank for Internation- 

al Settlements said Wednesday. 
mer 8 cr The Basel-based institution's 
dl, that quarterly analysis of international 

banking and finamnal-market de- 
shout a vdopments showed net incema- 

ecutive tional bank lending in the third 
izontal quarter last year slumped to S5 
billion, the lowest quarterly level in 
i ($350 more than two years. Overall lend- 
nillion, ing has been riack since 1991. 
m. The Nevertheless, the BIS said, “it 

may be premature at this stage to 
>1 conclude that a secular decline is 

re con- taking place in the overall role of 
ensche commercial bonks in world fi- 
nance." 

^witha 

^ Speculating. 

o joint * ^ 

: Corp. Investing or 

— Gambling? 

The ABodared Press j 

CHICAGO — The thin line be- 

tween gambling and investing got 1 
Feb. 23 thinner Wednesday when the Chi- j 
cagp Board Options Exchange said 
ECU it would offer a way to speculate on 
«***’* ga m i ng companies. I 

J J Starting Monday, the board will I 
5%-sn offer options on an index of 15 I 
gaming slocks, allowing investors 
to speculate on the stocks without 
actually buying or selling them. 

Index options allow investors to 
trade in a particular market or in- 
~ dustry group without having to 
5% 5* deal in aD the stocks individually. 

5* 5* Exchange officials denied that 
they were offering an opportunity 
to gamble rat gambling stocks. 

6% m °P^ ons » individuals and 

* * ** fond managers can ‘'hedge” or pro- 

5 *J* teci themsdves from risks of hold- 
5sv let ings itt the gaming sector, Alger 
rp. Merrill Cha pman, chairman of the ex- 


The report said that internation- side the reporting area slowed 
at banks were diversifying their sharply, reflecting repayments of 
sources of revenue "by expanding foreign currency loans, especially 
noninterest income through the un- in France, Italy and Sweden, 
denvritiog and trading of securi- "The slowdown in cross-border 
ties, fund management and the of- lending would have been more pro- 
feriag of new services involving nounced had it not been for non- 


derivative products.” 


It said this trend u has been rein- hedging- related credit,” the report 
forced in recent periods by the vol- stated 

atility of interest rates and ex- Although not all of the surge in 
change rates, which has led to interbank activity was associated 
greater demand on the part of the with the turmoil in the foreign- 
nonbank sector for hedging or in- exchange market, the report said, 
vestment services.” “the upheaval in European curren- 


Michael Schulhof has been left 
go’s latest epic, is reportedly ready virtually in command of Sony's 
uTbad out of its Hollywood invest- UK movie properties as chairman 
meats and has hired an investment of Sony Corp. of America since its 
banker to sell part or all of its founder, Akio.Monta. was disabled 
movie studios. by a stroke. Mr. Schulhof said re- 

Nrither Sony nor the Wall Street cently that Sony would consider 
firm erf Furman Sciz Inc. would forming partnerships wiih outside 
comment Wednesday on a detailed investors or selling stakes in its mo- 
report of the Japanese company’s tion picture investments, 
troubles in movidaod in the cur- The New Yorker said Mr. Schul- 
rent issue of The New Yorker mag- bof was asking $3.4 billion for a 25 
azinc by reporter James B. Stewart, percent investment in Sony's mo- 
Bui entertainment industry ana- tion picture division, which would 
lysis said they would not be sur- value it at $12 billion. Analysts 
prised by the move, since Japan’s called that a high price for a trou- 
two major Hollywood investors, bled studio — Sony only has to sell 
Sony and Matsushita Electric in- all of Columbia and fri-Star for 
dus trial Co„ have been rumored to 53.4 million io recoup its original 
be trying to cut their losses. investment. 

“It’s not in their culture. They Sony bought the company from 
don’t know how to ran it, and Coca-Cola Co. in 1989 and then 
they’re trying to get out, an offi- spent hundreds of millions to lure 
dal at a major competitor said production talent from other stu- 
During the takeover boom of the I15 record has been mixed at 
1980s. Matsushita bought MCA besL Sony Music has been hurt bv 
Inc. and ils Universal Studio, and t b e child-molestation charges 
Sony bought Columbia and Tri- against Michael Jackson, with 
Star. The purchases raised concern whom it has a S50 million contract, 
about a Japanese takeover of ,-inH die recession in Japan has cut 
American culture, but mostly it has pro f u al pareol company. 

The Sony news docs no. signal a 

^Tbe Nnv YoSer nponed that ^ jrZZZ 

no Jaoao esc oepfESeoulive ft'as , urs rom . e V I" () poni 
pHStoSimpravd they amaised m the Umttd Slates 

Eumedout tobe theSd,™“ d “"”6 .»* 1,s0 ^ "”>■ 

eeneager meganop, "Lost Action ara 

Hoo-Tlte movie ended up losine l«o etcpected. 

v 6 Mtlsubushi Properties bought 
^,92 1„ Rockefeller Center in Munhatun 

" !»■ S7U0 u «,u« fool ut 
tuhat turned out to be ihe top of the 
market- At thal price, said Darcy 
amdysr at Op^mmer & Ca SumJm & Wakefield, 

^nd tiUmveT^ ^they ha.e one brolm r or ^ ^ estaus eomplrt. 

™ Se half I cmaers ™ ,ld ^ mm "' uc 
a£'i to rent out office space at an aver- 

time for 

the Ja^nese to gel oul The Para- up for renewal 

^^Yorkreal«tatemarket 
Se^a to^^le^thSe coUapsedmiherccess.cn. 
who warn to buy them.” 

Paramount Communications -m 

Inc. recently was sold to Viacom f Msnght / 

Inc. Tor $9.8 billion after an excru- AA/IW/I' UIWyU> 
dating bidding war with QVC Net- 

urn* Inc- a home shopping net- ^ (^0^1 

Among those interested in the 
movie studio market could be the fM J 

broadcast networks, which will 
again be able to make and syndi- 
cate their own television programs Snacn 

in 1996; the caWe-TV mogul John BERLIN — The German Insti- 
Malone of Tele-Communications rate for Economic Research pre- 
dicted Wednesday that the coun- 
— try’s gross domestic product would 

ji U wr|\|yp contract further in the first quarter 

j JutUItC and said it doubted there would be 

mud) of a rebound in 1994. 

side the reporting area slowed “U is improbable that the econo- 
sharply, reflecting repayments of my will only stagnate during the 
foreign currency loans, especially course of the year,” said the insti- 
in France, Italy and Sweden. lute, known as DIW. rejecting fore- 
“Tbe slowdown in cross-border casts for flat to modest growth of 
lending would have been more pro- about 1 percent in 1994. 
nounced had it not been for non- The Berlin-based institute, 
banks’ demand for speculative or known for its pessimistic outlooks, 
hedging- related credit,” the report said tax increases and federal bud- 
stated. get cuts would lead to a “massive 

Although not all of the surge in withdrawal effect” in private con- 
interbank activity was associated sumption in the first quarter, 
with the tunnoif in the foreign- Restrictive monetary policies 
exchange market, the report said, will also thwart any recovery. DIW 
“the upheaval in European cunen- said. 

cv markets resulted in sharp swings “Whether the downturn will be 


Doubt Cited 
On German 
Rebound 

Renter* 

BERLIN — The German Insii- 


banks’ demand for speculative or 


I ndeed, (he data suggest that, cy markets resulted in sharp swings “Whether the downturn will be 
had it not been for last summer's in the gross and net cross-border limited to the first quarter is uncer- 
European currency crisis — which positions of banks in Europe.” tain.” it said, 
fueled a d ramatic $183 billion in- Tire report said there were siz- DIW said prolonged weakness 
crease in interbank lending — net able net outflows through banks in was a more likely scenario because 
lending might have contracted. France (equivalent to S42.1 bil- 


lending might have contracted. France (equivalent to 542.1 bil- wage increases achieved for 1994 
Inane made by banks in the 18 lion). Spain ($10.6 billion). Den- were below the inflation rate of 
major industrialized countries to mark ($8.4 billion} and Italy (S8.2 nearly 4 percent 
the so-called outside area contract- bdlioa). It said the outflows from This will lead to an “unavoidable 
ed by S&2 billion in the third quar- France and Spain “primarily ns- collapse in private consumption” 
ter, led by a $5.4 bullion decline in fleeted foreign banks’ purchases” during 1994, the institute said, 
business with members of the Or- of those currencies. “Another main reason there will 


dzatioo of Petroleum Exporting BIS mom if 
win tries. banking marke 

Direct (ending to nonbanks in- lines for banks. 


of those currencies. “Another main reason there will 

BIS monitors international not be a quick recovery is the re- 
banking markets and sets guide- s trie live monetary policies in Eu- 


rope,” it said. 


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t* GmemHi Mantoov. emst Lvomeis. change, said, or they can orversiiy. 

2 k But authorities agreed (hat indi- 

Odd vidual peculators would be the 

as - ■ ■ biggest initial users. Those players 

toouon Sa 3 tsS -itt account for the bull of trading in a 
tiawYoth 378J0 ms -w» family of other speaalized mdex 
us. doaon oer owe un aancf flcteth- options the exchange has launched 

S SSSKSESST- lHf in ^ I0 '1 mo °’ Sa m aaml 

599 Source: Rawer*. small investors. 


111 

5fe.\ «fer. 


35^1 / 1 




The Coin watch by Comm, handcrafted from a genuine gold coin. Water resistant. 
For a brochure, write to : Cooim, 2301 La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. 


I 




1 




Page 10 

MARKET PIARY 

Fed Sends Chill 
Over Wall Street 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1994 


; Via AunOoind Pma 


BftwmfcfiJ: Business News 

NEW YORK - U.S. stocks 
slumped on Wednesday, ending a 
one-day rally, as interest rates 
turned up and concern spread that 
they would rise further. 

Telephone, household product, 
dearie utility, chemical and drug 
Stocks were 'among the session's 
biggest dediners. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 

N.Y. Stock* 

age fell 19.98 points to 3.891.68, 
after dipping as low as 3.882.96 
during the trading session. Losers 
edged gainers by a ratio of 5-u>4 
on the New York Stock Exchange, 
while volume advanced to nearly 
310 million shares from 270.65 mil- 
lion Tuesday. 

; The market slid after Federal 
Reserve Board Governor Lawrence 
Lindsey said the Fed would raise 
fates again if either inflation or 
expectations of inflation picked up. 
On Tuesday. Fed Chairman Alan 
Greenspan told Congress that 
short-term rates were more likely to 
nse than falL 

— The signal from the Fed is that 
short rates are going up and bonds 
are going down in price." said Mi- 
chael Metz, chief market strategist 
at Oppenheimer & Co. 

* As long-term interest rates move 
to 7 percent, “that's not a real nega- 
tive for the economy, but it could 


cause a cessation of funds into mu- 
tual funds," prompting a 15 per- 
cent 10 20 percent collapse in stock 
prices, he sakL 

Partly in reaction to questions 
about the direction of Fed policy. 
U.S. T reasury bond prices slumped 
and yields rose as the government 
sold 'SI 7 billion of two-year notes. 
On Thursday the government plans 
to sell SI 1 billion of five-year notes. 

The yield on the benchmark 30- 
year Treasury bond rose to 6.64 
percent from 6.60 percent and from 
an early low of 6.59 percent on 
Wednesday. 

Bond yields have risen more than 
one-third of a percentage point 
since the Fed raised rates less than 
three weeks ago. 

Among i he market's better per- 
formers, Deere & Co. rose for a 
second straight day, climbing 
Wednesday by 2'i to 84^. as an 
S.G. Warburg analyst raised his 
rating on hetter-ihan-expected 
first-quarter earnings. 

Hershey Foods Corp. fell l ft to 
Slvfe after the chocolate maker's 
rating was lowered to “hold" from 
“buy” by Janney Montgomery 
SCOLL 

Dell Computer Corp. rose Us to 
24to Tor a second day after the 
company added five Intel 486- 
based notebook computers to its 
direct- mail pipeline. 



Dow Jones Averages 


cm Mon LOT IM CD*, 
•nous 391106 391408 388208 389108 —19 SB 
I Trans 180 607 1817.71 177121 177073 — SJ0 
UN 21230 700 308JI* 7100 —1.18 
Oomp 1409.08 1811.42 139SJ0 140148 —429 


Standard & Poor’s Incfexee 

Htgb Low Oose cm 
Industrtah 5S305 500? 5S2JB —039 

TnMM- 43721 43093 02X7 —222 

UllTmes 18223 180.11 16002 — 1.17 

Finance 4404 4423 4428-OM 

span 473X1 40X7 47049—077 

SP IDO 440.14 43722 43034 —040 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


U-S./AT 

HulipMorris Raises 

wen/ vnet: /APi — Philm Morris Cos. .a in i*aniinss last 


NYSE Indexes 


A-8 O N D j F 
1993 .-.l.flM. 


NYSE Most Actives 


MB* Low Lost Ora. 

Commute 381 .M 26068 261.13 -02S 

induariafs XQ.S5 3?i.w xmo - am 

Timm. 27820 Z7Z03 27323 —2.16 

UHHv 218X1 21 US 2I6J53 —124 

Ftnoncs 316X7 21527 715X8 -028 


NASDAQ Indexes 


BriTPt 

WDIMrtS 

TbUIMu 

HmoOps 

Merck 

US Sura 

BacKmn 

Semite 

urtmu 

USWst 

GTE 

FcdrOS 

HewiPfc 

s«ns 

GnMoiT 


vol lean 
247674 65V. 
5*0*9 791- 
44044 TOW 
3S2B2 42ft 
316<3 33'jk 
29602 10W 
27853 I0W 
77615 17 
27538 ISW 
25519 40 
29213 321* 
23835 93ft 
23040 93* 
71933 47* 
21920 60* 


LOT 

Lor 

CM. 

6*ft 


♦ft 


29 



69ft 

—ft 


42ft 

♦ 2ft 

32 V, 

32 Vt 


16ft 

I6ft 

—1ft 

17 V, 

17ft 

__ 


12 

♦ ft 


10ft 

♦ ft 

39 V. 

39ft 


31 'A 

33ft 

♦ ft 

23% 

73 V, 

* «/J 

w*. 

91ft 



46V, 

—ft 

S9ft 

60 



Composite 

Industrials 

Bonks 

tasunmen 

Finance 

Tromo. 

Telecom 


High Low Last an 

ma mm mm — lu 
835.18 03121 B3101 —1X3 
493X5 69022 0022 —1X7 
93325 928.15 97815 —528 
88529 883X0 BfB.97 —1-5? 
BSl.ffiJ 79722 7*7.19 —122 
17625 174X8 17<U» —1X2 


AMEX Stock Index 

HM) Low Law Cha. 
477X6 471.10 47124 —0X4 

Dow Jones Bond Averages 


NASDAQ Most Activi 


Outlook for Rate Rise 
Pushes Dollar to Gains 



VOL 

Koh 

Low 

Last 

Cha. 

T«OnA 

ft* 

26ft 

24 

24ft 

—ft 

MOs 

27ft 

26 

26ft 

—ft 

Inlet ♦ 


Mft 

68 ft 

48ft 

—m 

MiCSffS 


82 

78ft 

Bl 

♦ iw 

Cisco S 


74ft 

72 

73 

t 

Novell s 


24ft 

23ft 

23ft 

—ft 

EmnrusBd 

TIT 

16ft 

15ft 

lift 



DoOCotr 


26ft 

23 

24ft 

*1ft 

AotVeC 


30ft 

3 7 

37ft 



SLM 5 


23ft 

20ft 

23ft 

—2 

Eatvlm 

31546 

14 

12ft 

12ft 


RendTrt 

21573 

24 ft 

23 

23ft 

-ft 

Lotus 

19256 

710ft 

67ft 

70 

-1ft 

BemOG 

192*0 

6‘. 

5ft 

6 

♦ Vi 

TetofMiw 

18947 

yin 

37u 

3*V= 

— Va 


NYSE Diary 


30 Banda 10423 —0.16 

10 Utilities 102X9 +0X4 

10 industrials 105.98 —025 

Market Safes 

NYSE 4 pjn. votuene 309,900.000 

NYSE pm. cons, dose 345X01X00 

Amex 4 pan. volume 17X78295 

Amex pm. con*. cJuse 212WJ4D 

NASDAQ 4 pun. volume 273X60X00 

NASDAQ prev. 4 615 volume 11X99X40 


N.Y.S.E, Odd-Lot Trading 

Bov Sam Short* 
F0>. 22 1X17.921 1X9J85S HHtn 

Feb. 18 1X45676 1229.118 3729 9 

Feb. 17 1X70.182 L599.979 20272 

Feb! 16 1X54.944 1X40.965 14,193 

Feb! IS 1.117291 12*4287 21716 

■Included m the sates Hgurn. 

S&P 100 Index Options 


' Compiled by Our Staff Frrmt Dispatches 

* NEW YORK— The dollar rose 
Wednesday, gaining strength from 
0n outlook for rising interest rates 
jpd rumors that the United States 
and Japan favored a drop in the 
yen's value. 

The dollar ended in New York at 
3.7288 Deutsche marks, up from 
1.7236 DM at the Wednesday 

Foreign Exchange 


close, and at 105.705 yen. up from 
J 05.545. Reports circulated thaL 
the United States and Japan had 
agreed on a level of 1 10 yen for the 
dollar, but this wjs officially de- 
fied. 

The dollar also drew strength 
from a statement by Lawrence 
Lindsey, a Federal Reserve System 
governor, that the central bank 
would be inclined to raise interest 
rates if inflation accelerated or if 
there were expectations for price 
increases. 

: The dollar also rose to 1.4533 
Swiss francs from 1.4495 and to 
5.8718 French francs from 5.8583. 
The pound weakened to S 1.4785 
from S 1.4790. 

Traders were keeping an eye on 
the meeting of finance officials 


from the Group of Seven industri- 
alized countries scheduled for Sat- 
urday. Finance Minister Hirohisa 
Fuji: of Japan has said his country 
would ask the G-7 to help stabilize 
the dollar-yen exchange rate at the 
meeting. The question for traders 
and investors was whether the G-7 
leaders would comply, and at what 
rate the yen might settle if they do. 

At their last meeting in Washing- 
ton in September, Treasury Secre- 
tary Lloyd Bentsen said G-7 offi- 
cials were content with the dollar's 
level against major currencies. It 
was trading around 106 yen when 
he spoke then. 

Overall, dealers said the dollar 
market remained bullish because of 
expectations short -term U.S. inter- 
est rates would be raised. This view 
was bolstered by Mr. Lindsey's 
comments. 

Mr. Lindsey also said the central 
bank was not wedded to any one 
inflation gauge in formulating 
monetary policy. The Fed chair- 
man, Alan Greenspan, on Tuesday 
told Congress the Fed would close- 
ly watch gold. Mr. Lindsey said 
gold was one of several measures of 
inflation. (AFX. Blwmberg, 
Reuters. Knight- Bidder) 


Advanced 951 1 139 

Declined 1177 11)03 

Unchanged 642 626 

Tartu taws 2770 2768 

NewHtoM 76 6b 

New Low* 0 85 


AMEX Diary 


Advanced *M 27 1 

Dedirx-d 344 333 

Unchanged £!3 M7 

TOM issues B35 631 

NewHkdis 16 12 

New LOWS 10 7 


NASDAQ Diary 


Advanced 144* 1404 

Detfned 1570 1599 

Unchanged 1784 1795 

Total Issues 4803 4798 

New Highs 123 95 

Now Lows 69 0 


Price Mar Nr Mr J* Mr Aar w* M 

2» - - - - *9 h — — 

J K-- — -V.W-- 
sra 47ft - - — ft fc - - 

US - - — - * 1 2L- 

M»2*i 4 

W DM - - - % »« — 

III — — — — li 1 2ft- 

41S — — — — 1 2lw A* - 

ju at . _ _ pa ] n a 

05 W’4 17 - - IV n He — 

43) 11*3 14 16V — V/l 4* IW 9 

a I HK ID) - KHi9i- 
440 IV, 7V. 9* lift SVi B WV- 

W IS A A - IN MV — - 

H * ft «t i II U Ift IK 

m \ tv n - Ira - - - 

4HVWIV2V---1M 
MS ft V 1 - -- -- 

Cnlc total mL UiJttj MM open tot BUtt 
PdK Mai mL UL247; total o*wi W.OL1U 

Price Me 94 0(C H DkM McN D*cf5 DkH 

ITtt — — — ft ~ — 

48 — — — 1 V I *5 I 

on m - - i *5 - 

45 IV — — JV — — 

Cam: lau va>. H; total ooen bit Hn 
Pali: tohjWoL MI: hM mn H. 10.123 
Sooror: CBOB. 


Hltfb Law cm.cwr 


s£r*too WBrirtc tolHotoaf 1M8B6 
Mar W 910 916 904 NA HA 

MOP 5£ 928 938 921 - — 

*41 947 930 — — 

te*> 950 951 957 944 - - 

Est. vatu**: tut- 

Dolk^e FM^artrtc h te l ot s 05 tew 
Mar 1/231 1334 L241 U32 — — 

Mot 12*5 ixS 12» 1^2 - - 

jnl N.T. 10 UMI 123S — — 

5*9 3 ,m 1X37 1540 1336 - — 

mSi NX ia N.T. N.T. - - 

Mar N.T. iaas N.T. N.T. - - 

E si. volume: iu. 

Hlflb Low do* 01*99 

WHITE SUGAR tMotUI 

Deilora per metric mvMiHB tm 
May 316X0 311X0 31100 3MJMH-24 
Am 3I3J0 30930 9IL5D JliiB + 330 

Oct 296X0 293.70 294X0 295X0 + 1X0 

QtC N.T. N.T. 291X0 393X0 + I M 

MOT 293X0 N.T. 290X0 2*3X0 + 1X0 

Mar N.T. N.T. 292X0 395X0 4- 1X0 

Est. volume: 1285. Open Int, 1 . 12X31- 


Metals 

dose Pnrvkws ^ 

BM Ask BM Ask 

ALUMINUM (KW Grade) 

&2T '"'* SSTlSaOXO 1388X0 1389X0 
FaSrora 1302X0 130100 1310X0 1311X0 
COPPER CATHODES (High Grade] 

" rl “^“"1059X0 1881X0 1882X0 
Forward 1881X0 1882X0 1904X0 1906X0 
LEAD 

Damm'per meirlc ton 
Saar 445.K 466X0 479X0 4 7930 

^Uard 479X0 480X0 493X0 493X0 

NICKEL _ 

F^rrard ^Sxo 5890X0 59UX0 9920X0 
TIN 

CKrilar* p«r 542SJ J°^ a|UB 5580X0 

Pwwom 5445X0 5430X0 3BB5X0 5590X0 
ZINC (Special HWl Geode) 

£r W "W , «l» *66X0 *67X0 

Farwnrd 968X0 9MXD 984X0 905X0 


Financial 

MW Lew Oow Cftme 
34HONTH STERLING ILIFFB7 
COMM - PS Of TOO PCI 

Mar 94X3 94X1 94X2 +0X2 

Jun 9IS2 MM ns® +un 

Sen WXS MJB «X2 +0X2 

Dec 9472 *4X7 9470 +3,33 

Mar MAS 94.42 *4X7 +MS 

Jun *4J< 94.18 9422 +0X4 

Sep 9197 9191 9196 +0X4 

Dec net 93X3 *3X6 +0X5 

Mar 93X5 93X2 *3X4 Unch. 

Jen *325 *128 *322 +0X1 

Est. volume: 68X49. Open int.: 440620. 
3-MONTH EURODOLLARS (LIPPE) 
snnMM-Pbofuoper 
Mar *633 *6X1 96X0 Unch. 

Jan 95.97 95.91 *552 —0X2 

S«P 95X4 95X4 95X1 Unch. 

Oec *525 9525 9523 ■ +0UD1 

Mar N.T. N.T. 9SJ04 +0X1 

Jua N.T. N.T. 947* UnctL 

SeP N.T. N.T. 9457 — 001 

Est. volume: 478. Open hit.: 14X68. 
3-MONTH EUROMARKS ILIFFE) 

DMI mllUon - pts of 1H per 
Mar *4X5 *4X1 *421 —0X3 

Jen 9473 944>7 9460 —0X3 

5ep 95X0 *4JW *4» -0X2 

Dec 9515 *5X6 9508 —805 

Mar 95X3 95.16 9S.17 — ttE4 

Jea *520 *5.12 «.14 —ox® 

Sop *5X9 *5X2 *5X4 —OSH 

Dec 9495 9489 94X0 —OX® 

Mar *4X0 *474 *473 —0X3 

Jan 9465 9460 9462 — 0X3 

Est. volume: 100X41 Onen Int.: 96&421. 
LONG GILT IUFFEI 
BUM - ptl & Dads Of M8 pel 
MOT 11+26 113-29 1M-17 +043 

Jen 113-Xi I134S 113-22 +(HJ1 

Sea N.T. N.T. 113-26 +0-01 

Est. volume: 132X3*. Open Int: 161X81 
GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND (LIFFE) 
DM 250X00 - 01 0 WO PC» 

Mar 98.12 *768 *7.96 4 0.13 

Jun 97X2 97X8 97.6? -hOM 

SOP 97 JB *761 tlM + 0X8 

Est. volume: 286X88. Onen Int.: 237X*1 


Industrials 

tUgk Lew Lost Settle CTge 
GASOIL CtPO 

US. doBors per mefrletanriefs 0180 toes 
MOT U1XS 139X5 Ml JO Ml JO +L5B 

Aar 140X5 139X0 M82S 140X0 +L25 

MOP 139X0 138X5 139X0 139XS +073 

Jon 1401a i mas ion mow +u» 

Jd 142X0 141X0 iaS MUO +1X5 

AU9 WOO TO 14175 1*42* +125 

Ees 146X5 1*5.75 i*y u6jD +1X3 

35 u9xi uw m3 m3 +wo 

Nov 151X0 151X5 15150 151 JS +1X0 

Dec ttma iotm 15350 151S +0JS 

Jon 15475 15450 U450 154X0 +0g 

Fob I4T. N.T. N.T. 154X0 +025 

EiL volume: 74390. Onen W. 116,93 
International petnurntm Exchange Jranr 
crud&ott tawm prices mere noiavanabta far 


Stock Indexes 

FTSE 1NILIPPE) 

<23 per faidex pate? 

Mar 3339X 3324J 313&A + 15X 

Jun B*40 Mfl WL5 +1M 

Sap 33718 33710 3371 0. +1SX 

Est. volume: 19XSL Onen hit.: 76X58. . 

Sources: RwMrx Marti Anoctatad Press. 
London Inn Ffnuncloi Futuna Excfiane* 

Inn Prtrckwm exchange. 


SmtComa wMI w 

Commodity Today 

Aluminum, lb UH 

Caftea. Bras. R> 068 

SnSrSStWVTIC.Iti M82 

Iran FOB. tan 21180 

Lead, a> 0X4 

i tsrasxm ^ 

3A 


Dividends 


Compatry Per And-. 

IRREGULAR 

Liberty A! (Star - Xj 

PnmrlcBev - X7 

STOCK SPLIT 

Hodi Co s lor 4 saiit. 

Osmanlcs Inc 3 lor 2 sprit. . 

INITIAL 

Bewen Inc - XS 

Hocn Can - X4 

REGULAR 


Fbilipmoms nan™ jy 

NEW YORK ( AP) — Mp Mwr« ine^Mniflgs last 

dividend by 62 percent despite a 37.4 percem 

TS. food ud totacco o-R-OT- iBMW 
would 1*69 cent, a for 1993 fed to S3.1 
Last month, Phto Moois^rcport? e f^^ted an accotmtmg 
billion from $4.9 bfllion tn 1992. rmce war that reduced 

diaige and the impact of an f^^d^edoesday that the 

its domestic tobacco profits. The company sin 

tobacco market was improving. 

Rockwell Chairman Sees Strong Year 

in and Ihcoudoot 

■Tea .h ^oa0te 

America and some Enropemmariwts. viu. win not 

But he warned that VS. defense cntbadcs were not ow. nw 

see the bottom <rf it lor another year or two. 

U S West Eyes Britain for Expansion 

LONDON dv..Mbe& - U S Wot 
ness arm of U S West lha, hopes to offer w^o-on^ommd, 
and home shopping via cable tdeviston in Bntam next year, its president, 

Richard J. Callahan said Wednesday. ■ ■ ^ 

“The U.KL is our temolate." Mr. Callahan said, citing it as me 
European leader in deregulation and eapeamentatioiL “What we devdop 
iniheUJLfewhat'we want to export." , . . . ,cnnn 

U S West already has about 240,000 cable television and 15,000 
.telephone customers, Mr. Callahan said. 

Chevrolet Revives hqwk Sedan 

DETROIT (Bloombcre) —General Motors Cwp.’s Chevtdet dirisi^ 
revived the Tmpaia nmdeTname Wednesday after 25 years, producing tne 
lmpdaSS, a large sedan that ridc»ctos^ to the ground- ■ 

.O^^jooo of tbj 


3-4 +1 

+15 +29 



3-11 +1 

3-15 +1 

36 3-19 
9-1 9-30 
3-W MB 
3-1 3-15 
3-1 MS 
3-7 >21 
>21 +11 
>15 >31 
>1 >15 
>1 >15 
>11 +4 

>19 1-31 
>14 >28 
3-4 >18 
. 3-4 >28 
3-3 3-16- 
>1 >16 
>4 +1 

+15 +29 
>2 >16 
>18 +4 

>1 >15 


dummy; t oa rtolri *-JgmKuuwnl 


To our reodere '« Befaw 

Ifi nermrbeon Bamr 
to subsaibeand saw. 
Just aJ lofl-frea: 
0800 1 7538 


German Union Raises Stakes With Wave of Walkouts 


Compiled by Our Stuff From Dispatches 

FRANKFURT — IG MetalL Germany's 
largest union, staged a new wave of work stop- 
pages in Western Germany on Wednesday 
ahead of nest week’s vote on full-blown strikes 
in Lower Saxony. 

Some 130.000 workers followed the union's 
call to lay down tools for several hours, most of 
them in ihe states of Bavaria and Baden-WUrt- 
temberg. Companies affected by the strike in- 


cluded the luxury carmakers Mercedes-Benz 
AG and Bayerische Motoren Wedce AG. 

Walkouts planned for Thursday will concen- 
trate on North Rhine- Westphalia and Hesse, 
the union said. Regional union leaders in 
Frankfurt said they expected 40,000 workers to 
take part in various demonstrations and work 
stoppages. . 

IG Metall members in the northern German 


state of Lower Saxony will vote next week on 
whether to strike. With the strikes, expected u> 
start March 7, the union wants to protest em- 
ployers' demands for lower holiday bonuses 
and longer working hours. 

IG Metall is demanding pay increases and 
job guarantees for the 3.6 million people em- 
ployed in the engineering sector. 

( Bloomberg, AFP) 


jj-ura to vui»cuc nwiro. .... , 

Black is the only available color, and the car mdudes an alarm system, 
leather seats and an AMrFM stereo 

Hanson Sets IPO lor Beazer Homes 

LONDON (AFX) — Hanson Industries North America, part of 
Hanson PLC, said Wednesday it was offering 6 nrillion common sharesm 
Beazer Homes USA Inc. ai $17.50 a share through an initial public 
offering. , 

It also said it was p lacing $115 million of its 9 percent senior notes due 
in 2004 and selling certain of its Hawaiian property assets to Schuler 
Homes Inc. 

The company said it expected to raise $232 mHliotJ from die transac- 
tions. The new shares represent 66 percent , of the common shares 
outstanding of. Beazer; Hanson will retain the remainder. 

Hewlett-Packkrd Buys Into Taligent 

- CUPERTINO, California (Bloomberg) — Hewlett-Packard Co. ap- 
pointed a senior executive to the board of software developer Taligent 
Inc. after gaining regulatory approval of its purchase of a 15 percent stake 
in the company. 

Hewlett-Packard said Michael C LeavdL vice president and general 
manager of its Solutions Integration Group, would be its representative 
on an expanded six-member Taligent bo&ra. . - 

Taligent was founded two years ago by Apple Computer Inc. and 
International Business Machines Corp. The purchase Hewlett-Packard 
reduced Apple’s and IBM’s stakes in the company to 42.5 percent each. 

For die- Record 

RiL Macy St Co, in a surprise move intended to speed the retail ere 
emergency from Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, appointed former 
Secretary of Stain Cyrus Vance to mediate negotiations on a reorganiza- 
tion plan. . ••..••• - (NYT) 

Quyskr Corp. paid bonuses matching last year’s salary to its top 200 
executives for merangginls that producedaprafitaf$3.8 billion in 1993. 
Another 1 00 executives just below the top level received bonuses of.75 
percent to 85 percept (rfJfiOTjurupaJ pay. ’ {AP) 

SpectrtEB hrfwmsifion Ihc.^ ^ reported a record Slil imt 

lioarlog for the third quarter of its financial .year.^ whkhinduded charges 
for shutting down its sooond-larpst unit. Data One, and anticipating the 
cost of settling a shareholder sort. The company 5387^00 in the 1992 
quarter. \ (Bloomberg) 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


U.S. FUTURES 


Agrnce Franca Pins* Fofa. 23 


Amsterdam 

ABN AmraMM 
ACF Holding 
Awnn 
AhoW 
Uuo 
AMEV 

BdvWeronnCTi 
CSM 
□SM 
Elsevier 
F outer 

Gtst-BrocuOes 
HBO 
Helnehon 


Helsinki 


Hunter Ooushn 
IHC Catena 
Inter Mueller 
Infl Nederland 
KL77. 

KNP BT 
t.'eduord 
One Grlnten 
jPakiwea 
•hllips 
■Polvwram 
tRobeco 

•HnOomco 
Wollnco 
LFtermla 
TRovol Dutch 
fetor I- 
tunllever 
iVan Omnwren 
JyNu 

Wotters/Kluwer 
*EOE Index «BJ1 


6mer-Yhr>ma 

160 

1S1 

:nso-Guiseit 

*3 

42.90 


217 

221 

fLO.P. 

'ft 

14X0 

Cymmene 


Wetra 

227 

2J0 





95 

Resale 

115 

115 

Slock morn 

310 


HEX index : 198403 
Previous : 198308 



Brussels 


Bekaeri 
rocker ll i 

'tCooena 
beinaua 
Elect rose! 

fcBL 

■Sevaert 

Vredleltrank 

tPerroflna 

jPcmrartln 

tPrs/ai Beige 


2620 7605 
WS 2*10 
42C0 4180 
3J0tl 2J75 
7*775 24575 
1B0 t»8 

5710 56W 
1*02 14*0 
(,510 6500 
1550 1530 

035 *73 " 
*480 *500 
7540 7510 
10300 10225 
3400 3340 
5710 5710 


Hong Kong 

Be East Asia 38 37JD 
Cathay Pacific 12X0 IZaO 
Oieuno Korw 4SX5 4425 
China Lloht F*wr *3 41.75 
Dairy Farm loll 12.90 13 

Haro Luna Dev 16*0 14*0 
Hona Seng Bank. 73 71 

Henderson urnd 4675 *750 
HK Air Erta 47J0 4150 
I HK China Das 1*.70 19X0 
HK Electric =S«0 Z5JI 
HK Land 26X0 24 

HK Realty Trust 24 JC 2410 
HSBC Holdings 116 117 

HK Shane Hits 12.73 1240 
HK Telecomm ISX0 1**0 
HK Fern, 12X0 IS 

Hutch Whotnooa 3*XS 36 
Hvsan Dev 26 2i-lD 

jarauie Mote. ?t30 7250 
Jordine Sir Hid 33.25 33 

KoaKMn Motor 1+50 1660 
nuinaarin Orienl 1160 1170 
MlrorTKn- Hotel 74J0 24X0 

New World Dev 33.75 3275 
SHK Prom 61 61X0 

SielOT 5.10 510 

SwlrcPecA 56 54 

Tal Cheung Pros 1X10 13^0 
TUE liO 3X3 

Whorl Hold 3225 3225 
Wing On Infl NA. — 
Wlnsur Ind. 1240 1240 

Haoa Sena index : 1076130 
Prewteus : 10674X0 


Johannesburg 


1273 1240 
IS20 1**0 
12X0 IS 


7130 7250 
33.25 33 

1650 16.40 


Inched pc 
K ingfisher 
Lad b» 0*0 
Land Sec 
Loparte 
Lasmo 

Legal Gen Grn 
Lklvd5 Bank 
Marks Sp 
ME PC 
Non F*Ower 
NalWesI 
NthWH water 
Pearson 
P AO 
Pllklngion 
Power Gen 
Prudential 
Rank Drg 
RecklH Cal 

Redtand 
Rend Inti 
Reuters 
RMC Graua 

Halls Rovce 1.7> 1.75 

Polhmn lunitl 440 <35 

Hoval 5COT 456 464 


565 
405 
1.*7 
7.14 
8X3 
1X7 
4X5 
5X4 
4X9 
4.97 
4X6 
5X3 
561 
7 
7 
i.*e 

565 
3X8 
10X0 
6X8 
5.77 
*■05 
2055 
9.45 
1.71 1.75 


Accor 720 716 

Air Lhnridr 842 B3S 

Alcatel AlsDioni 733 711 


Ami 

Barcairv (Clel 

BiC 

BNP 

Bauvauis 

BSN^D 

Corn- tour 

CC.F. 

Cents 
Onraevrs 
Cl meals Franc 
Chib Mea 


140 1458 
650 636 

1341 1329 
77250 770 

732 724 

933 *1* 

*080 4055 
281 JO 278 

142 14060 
I4IO IKO 

381 37L50 
361.90 353J0 


Amcor 

ANZ 

BNP 

Borol 

Bougainville 
Coles MW 
Comal co 
CRA 
CSR 
Dunlap 
Fosters Brew 


Sydney 


10.10 HUM 
5X3 5X0 
18X6 1820 
4J3 449 
1.10 1.16 
5X4 5X4 
475 5 

1822 17X2 
4JM 5X8 
560 S50 
UO 1JD 


Elf-Aaultaine 4142041450 


EII-SanoH 
EuroDHnev 
Gen. Eaux 
Havas 
Imelai 


10*5 HBO 
34.10 34 75 
2729 2712 
459 JO 451 

645 642 


Hoval Scar 45e *64 

HTZ BJ0 8.13 

Sainsbur. 357 3.48 

Leal Mewcas 5X5 SX8 

Scot Power 4X4 4X2 

Sears 1X2 1 18 

Severn Trenr 5-*S 5X2 

Shell 7X0 7 16 

51*0* 6X7 >88 

Smith Nephew 16* >6* 

SmlthKIine B 4X8 406 


Smith (WHJ 5.H S.0J 

Sun Alliance 351 259 

Tgte 8. LVle 4X1 4X1 

Tosco 2.27 2X4 

TnarnEMI 11.48 1145 

Tomkins 2.65 266 

TSB Group 267 20 

Unilever 1161 1158 

Uid Biscuits 368 364 

VuCCione 6.04 6X3 

Yrar Loon 3't 4*.7J 4*56 

wencome 4-53 667 

-.vnitbreod 550 NA 

Williams Hdgs 3.93 2*3 

Willis Corroon 215 7X6 

FT. 30 lode* : 2577.*# 
Previous 157* 

F.T.Si. looutde* : 3M1J0 
Prevlovs : 2 3X1 . 7 0 


Isoc Gen Banque ffiio 35T0 
Jsoe Gen Beifiaue ttm two 
iSatlno 14975 14500 

Kalvav >4875 147D0 

hv** ii^iSSS 
fe 55 fs^ s !^ysr :,M,J,a 


: Frankfurt 

fflEG 

rAlltam Hold 

kst 

{BASF 
IBaver 


[BASF 

IBaver 

(Bar. Hvpo bank 
•Boy VereinSbk 
(SBC 

SBHF Bank 

IemW 

'Cammerritonk 
■Continental 
•Calmler Ben* 
(Degussa 
JD1 Babcocfc 
■Deutsche Bank 

iDduOln 

SDresaner Bank 

IFeldmueMe 

If KrvPOHoesrti 

(hamener 

iHankel 

(HocMiel 


GKIoecvner Werke 
fUnde 
JLufihartsa 
[MAN 

KSalFgESl 

fMuench ffueee 

{Porsche 

rpreirtsag 

Ipwa 

IPWE 

ShAeJnnierail 

iSenerfcio 

jftemens 

Ernrssen 


AECI 20 19.75 

a i t«n «uo n jo 

Anglo Amor 1*3 1*3 

Barlows 2750 7&3B 

Bl/voor 7.75 7.75 

Buffet-, 46 4550 

De Beers iraxo ios 

Drielonleln 0X5 065 

Gencor 855 860 

GFSA *150 *2 

Hormonv 3535 25.75 

Highwna sieei ia 17.75 

r.not 43 4275 

Nedbonk Grp 27X5 27 25 

Rondfontefn 3*50 40 

Rustriat 76 79 

SA Brews 8450 6650 

St Hefeno N A — 

Sown 21X5 22X5 

Welkom ■» NA 

Weslera Dcro 175 ttj 

Composite Index : 4016X9 
Previous : 4301X3 


Madrid 

0BV 3375 3360 

Bco Central Hiw. 2915 2915 
Boned San loader 7028 7050 


Lafarge Co np ee 44110 459X0 
LouranC 5W0 5740 

Lyon. Eouv ,5M 577 

Oreal (L'l OT l»2 

UVJM.H. 3982 3*34 

Motra-Hacneite 164X0 164 

Mlchelln B 2S3JO 344.90 
Maullncji 12650 J37 

Par teas 525 322 

Pechine/ inti 20*50 202 

Pernod- RICO rd 41110 *0750 
Peugeot 852 83* 

Prlntemm lAu) 1000 9*6 

Rodlaiertmlque 537 SX 
PJi-Poulenc A 142X0 141 


40 Goodman Field 1A3 151 
W ICI Australia 1064 1034 

50 Moaellan 2.10 2M 

50 MIM 2X8 2X0 

50 Nat Ausl Bank 12X8 1116 

M News Corn 10 72 10.16 

75 Nine Network 6 5X8 

12 N Broken Hill 1x0 UB 

51 Pioneer mn 2X6 2X1 

42 Nmrtdv Poseidon 2.18 2.15 
30 OCT Resources 1J9 L3B 
40 Sntas 4.10 4.16 

35 rJT 260 235 

72 western Mtatoo 7XS 7X3 
13* WOTtpac Banking 5.17 5.10! 
64 WMdskte 4XS 6X8] 

£0 All orfllnartes UBteA : 2218X0 
W Previews : 2X050 


Tokyo 


Raft. St. Leu is 169i 

Retteale (Lai 911 

Saint Gabaln 60! 

S.E.B. 581 

Ste Generaie 721 

Sue* 354.91 

Tnamsan-CSf 1*1 

Tdal Xffl.91 

UJLP. 200.41 

valeo 146: 

CAC40htdr* : 2252X0 

Previous : 2216X3 


104 1658 
919 8*7 

602 662 
588 584 

721 725 

354.90 346 JO 
1*9 1*5X0 

330.90 331 
20860 206J0 

1465 1460 


CEPSA 

Dragoons 

Endesa 

Ercros 

iberdrate I 

Peojol 

Tabacaiera 

Teletonieo 


3OT0 3035 
2425 2415 
7440 7350 
»60 16? 
1055 1045 
4645 4560 
4015 4100 
2025 2005 


London 


•Volkswagen 

!W»Mo 

tsuttfar 


Abaev etan 5.05 

Allied Lyons 4.10 

Ar|o Wiggins 1*6 

Aiwll Gram 
A» Brit Foods 56* 

BAA 9.7S 

BAf 5.48 

Bank Seal land 2X1 

Barclays 5.62 

Bass 5X5 

BAT 4X1 

BET 1.44 

Blue Circle 156 

BOC Grow 70* 

Boats 5X5 

Bawaler SX7 

BP 367 

Brit Airways *XJ 

Bril Gas 3J8 

Bril Steel 162 

Biit Telecom 4X6 

BTR 3X5 

Coble Wire 4X1 

Cadburv Sdi 5 IB 

Car noon 4 >5 

Coats VIveKa 262 

Comm Union 6.18 

CourtQukn 4.90 

ECC Group 4.90 

Eniernrlse Oil 4X5 

Eure runnel 5X3 

Fisarrs IXB 

Forte 25* 

GEC 3X3 

Gen-I ACC 6.43 

Gkuo 6X1 

Grand Mel *40 

GRE 214 

Guinness 5X2 

GU5 600 

Hanson 277 

HlllUtown IX* 

HSBC HI095 1818 

ICI 7J1 




Banco Comm 
Baslogl 

Benetton group 
Cl R 

Cred I tal 
Enichrm 
Ferhn 
FerHn Rim 
fkii spa 
F inmecccnics 
Generali 
IFI 

lialcem 

I taigas 

Itglmooiliaro 

MedlotMnco 

Manlodlsan 

Olivetti 

PlrMlI 

BAS 

Rinas cenie 
Salcem 

Scsrt Paolo Torino 

SIP 

5ME 

Snla 

Slanda 

Stet 

TgroAoSi Risp 
MIS Index j tQJJ 
Previous : ll*T 


Sao Paulo 


Banco do Brasil 

14 

14 10 


700 

e 


12 

11JC 


168 


Poronapaneina 

14-50 

146C 

Pelrobros 







73 

71 

Varig 

110 

rta 



PrYYlOUS ; 10676 



Singapore 



BiAO 

80S 

Citv Dev. 

7. IS 

60S 

DBS 

12.10 

1220 


17X0 



1700 

1700 

Solfei Hooe PI 

11* 

2.93 


154 

340 

Hume inousinw 

404 

4X4 


6 

500 




KL Kaportg 

0X6 

3X4 


199 

1.93 

Malayan Banks 

905 

605 

OCBC 

1X00 

1190 

DUB 

B.95 

8.90 


7.95 

/« 


1400 

1400 


505 

505 

SimgOartlv 

3X4 

IB 

5IA 

7.94 

7.95 


7J0 

7.15 

Spare Press 

I4XU 

14. TO 


4X0 

60S 

S’poreTetecnmm 

3X6 

30* 

Straits Trading 

3.90 

302 

UDB 

1000 1000 

UOL 

2X0 

2X9 

SSSS?3US 



Montreal 


Alcan Aluminum 
3qnlt Montreal 
Belt Canada 
Bomba rater S 
Cam!) lor 
Cascades 


X J9T* 
28"1 29 

44 L, 431k 

20 ira> 

20 1«3m 
7Ti 7Hi 


Dominion Te*J A Tfc Tto 


Don on ue a 

MacMillan Bl 


26lk 26M: 

22Vi 22>v 


Noil Bk Canada 104 1016 

Power Cora. 21 up* 

Owe bee tet 21U 2U* 

Queoecer a H'v I9‘* 

QuCDCCOr B 19te la'll 

Teles lobe 20 Vs 20H 

! UrNva 6*h 7 

j vioeoiron 30 29», 

i}j)$^?i , asa :1,,8U? 


AGA 
Asea A 
Astro A 

Ariel Caeca 

Electrolux B 

Ericsson 

Esseite-A 

HandeKBonkefl 

Investor B 
Norsk Hvdra 
ProCartHa AF 
Sandvik B 
SCA-A 
S-E Ban ken 
Skundia f 
S kamha 
SKF 
5 lorn 

T relic bars BF 

Volvo 

sgsssws# 


AkeH Electr 
Asani Chemical 
Asohf Gloss 
Bank at Tokvo 
Bridgeslone 
Canon 
Caste 

Dai Nlpaon Print 
Dalwa House 
Ddwa Secwrttles 
Fanuc 
Full Bank 
Full Photo 
Fulltsu 
Hitachi 
h lloasi Cable 
Honda 
i to Yanodo 
Itochu 

Japan Airlines 
Kaiima 
Konsai Power 
KawasakJ Steel 
Kirin Brewery 
Komatsu 
Kubota 
Kvocera 
Mafia; Elec Irxts 
Matsu Elec wfcs 
Mitsubishi Bk 
Mlisubism Kasei 
Mitsubishi Elec 
Mitsubishi Hot 

Mjlsudlanl Core 
MITSUI and Co 

Mitsubishi 

Mitsumi 

NEC 

NGK Insulctors 
Nlkka Securities 
Nianon Kogaku 

Niuean oil 
Nloaon Sleet 
NtDoon Yvsen 

NHSCn 

Nomura Sec 
NTT 

Oivmaus ootieal 

Ptaneer 

Rican 

S4iiva Elec 
Share 

Shi menu 
Shmetsu Chern 
Scot 

Sumitomo Bk 
Sumltartw Chem 
Sum] Marine 
Sumlhama Metal 
Taiset Cars 
Tal she Marine 
TakcdoCBem 
TDK 
TelIJn 

Tokyo Marine 
Tokvo Elec p» 
TcDDan Pradtna 
Torgy ind. 
Toshiba 
Toy ala 
YdmalcWScc 
a: x m 

(BGRyar 

wsnir 


Toronto 

Abitfet Price 17 171s. 

Aonieo Ecote I5U 15'k 

Air Canada M HI 

Alberta Enere* iwe l*Vu 

Am Bartlck Res 32*- XPt 

BCE CSk 4B's 

Bk FJoko Scotia JV* SI** 

BCGos 15H ISVi 

BC Telecom 2SU 2SU 

BF Realty HtS NJ2. 0J9 

Bramolea 0-« %*5 i 

Brunswick Me 9U , 


CAE 

Camdev 

C18C 

Canadian PacWc 
Can Fhackers 
Can Tire A 
Cantor 
Cora 

CCLIndB 

Cineptex 

Conduct) 

Coined Expl 
Denison Min B 
Dickenson Min A 
Dofasco 
Dvlex A 

Echo Bav Mines 

Eaultv Stiver A 

FCAInN 

Fed Ind A 

Fletcher dull A 

FPI 

Geatra 

GoidCore 

Guff Cda Res 

HeesinM 

Hemio GW Mines 

Hoi Under 

Horsh am 
Hudson's Bar 
imasco 
Inco 

Interprov uipe 
Jannock 

Unban 

Labtow Ca 
Mack era ie 
Maono Inti A 
Maritime 
Mark Res 
MocLean Hunter 
Matson A 
Noma ind A 
Noranda Inc 
Narunda Forest 
Narcen Energy 
Nthern Tetecom 
Nava Corp 
Ofhaira 
Fagurin A 
Placer Dome 
Paco Petroleum 
PWACora 
Ray rock 
Renaissance 
Wo oers B 
Rothmans 
Raval Bccik Can 
Sceotre Res 
scotrsHew 
Seagram 
Sears Can 
Shell Can 

Sherrttt Gordon 

SHL Srstemnse 
Sevtltam 
Soar Aerosooce 
Stolen A 
Talisman Encrg 
Teek B 

Thomson News 
Toronto Damn 
Torsiar b 
T ransalta Ulll 
TronsCda Pipe 
Triton Flnl A 
TrUnoe 
TrlzecA 
Uni carp Energy 
TSE 300 Index : a 
Prevloos ? 4S71.ll 




Via Auodated Pros, 

Season Season 
High Law 


Open Mhgh Low Oaw Cha OpM 



24*. 

T3te 
IS 
40*4 
9te 
71V 
355 
311k 
9te 
1.19 
17*. 
28to 
214- 
107 
29*. 
17*0 
BKi 
38*. 3* 

7V9 7Vk 
38 38U 
mg mg 
*li 9sg 
18+ I7» 
1*1 19W 
86* 8*. 
2* 29% 
24V* 2*vg 
17W 16*. 
21*44 21*8 
25U 2S’.g 
16 16 
20 19hi 
415 420 
ITafc 17 
068 889 
0.91 895 


Zurich 


Adte inn B 2*2 

AtusuiHC B new 605 
BBC Brwn Bov B 1068 
ClttaGettnrB W5 
CSKaWInnB 7M 
EleMrawB 3900 
Fischer B 1235 

Interdlscaont B 2090 
Jelmou B B2S 

Landis Gvr R 775 
Leu HW B m 

Monraraxck B 4SS 
Nestle R 1349 

Deri I k.BuehrteR 15453 
PorgesaHMB 1800 
Route HdBPC 7120 

Satra Republic 14450 
SanaozB 400a 

Scntnoier s 7450 
Sutler PC 729 

Surveillance B 2015 
Swiss BnkCsreB 494 
Swiss Retnsur R 453 
Swissair R 845 

UBS B 1472 

Winterthur B 763 
Zurich ass B 1520 
SBS lades : MLA, 
Previews : 1837X4 


ToenrrenAwinA»iaria 

Vs new been eaper 
b utna^B and ura 
ted enD kjS-fcec 
0550-81 S5 
a. fc* 06009-175413 


Grains 

WHEAT ICBOT1 SA00 barm— mum- umcn per ua+el 

MVS 300 Mar 94 158 3J97. 3J4 15516-8029.11X96 

177 100 MOV 94 352 157 150W 3-569V *0.D4V» 1IL3M 

356 294 Jut *4 X40’A 366 338 36JVl +805V. 17650 

157V4 307 Sep94 141*4 147 33W4 367 +006 W. 2J18 

365 309 Dec** 369 305 367 XS .006, X74* 

3J*te 356 te Mar 75 X59 .00614 1 

l*Hh 311 JUI95 360 .80S II 

Ed. sates 12600 Tup's, stfas 13X64 

Tun's open Ir* 45,710 Ofl 901 

WICAT CKBOT) UBlaiMMrun-aknRrtunl 

192 2.98 Mar *4 U6>4 3J8V5 15Ste 156V. -0004 IIJ38 

179*1 Z98 MOV 94 347V, 149V, 347V4 369 .800b 86* 

355 797 J09* 3J»’A 33* 336 3381* *005 T0J99 

355V, 1079, Son 94 338 141 137V, l*h *0079, 2J19 

360 3l2ViDec94 363H 368 36JV, 36B -802 MB 

353'/. 363V. Mar 95 X50V, -002 48 

Est sates MA. Tub's, sates 4936 

Tub's op en lot 3L866 off 3» 

CORN (CDOT1 VHOuunwwnpn-iiMniwiteaM 
111 V. 2J7UMOTM 2891V 390 ’A 3J7*i 3871i-801Ui 50.944 

3HW 238V.6to/M 2951* 2.964* 293 Vi 294 -0014*115048 

3.I4W 261 JO 9* 1W* 29995 3*6Vi 297 -001*. 95668 

2921* 260MS4PM 7-B3W 284 V, 28JV, 28W-808W 21 0*4 
2.73*. 2J6teDec*4 2Mte 2J0 268V, 2484* >041199 506X7 

277V, 253 v, Mar 95 274 V, 27* 2J4V, 275 .001 3X38 

2*2 273 May Si 279 288 177 279 .0004* 2M 

283* IW'.JulTS 200'., 282 2801* 281 *0011% *53 

250'A 251 Dec 95 251* ZSJ'A LSI 3X<u -0004* 205 

ES. sales 53000 Tub's, sates 88315 
Tug's open kit 339.103 OH 1405 

SOYBEANS (CBOT1 UM»p« teunii -Wlkii«iBWMl 
754 189 L Mar 94 479 Vi 666 6X9 6014* .fUB*i 3360 

7J1 192W MOT 9* S37V, 6.92V) 665V, 668 .00145 53X15 

7 JO 144'iJulM 691 6.95 6JM 6.11 'X HUH Vi 31X12 

7X5 6X8 Aug 94 4B4te 608*. 462*» 664 'u .800% 70M 

6099, 6.17 SepM AM 6X3 UJVt A47*. .UO’» 3651 

7J7V, SJfteNavTI 6 l57Vi 4J9 6S4 , A 46»-0J»Vi ZL«4 

470 618V, Jan 95 6 62 664 659V, 6619,-000*5 IJM7 

673W 10 Mar95 AATte A*6 AM Vi 664te— 800’', 352 

6.73 642V, 60 95 1X8 671 667 60 *DJHV. 309 

650 E, 501 V, Nov « 6X0 6X9 426 6X7 -801 1012 

ESI sates 56000 Tub's, sates 62.19! 

Tub's own H 163.187 oft U97 

SOYBEAN MEAL (CBOH Wna-Mniwn 

23750 1 85X8 MOT 94 195.10 19560 H450 195-70 .810 19,900 

ZEJS3 IB5J0MOV94 19420 196X0 I9t50 19620 .0J0XU23 

230.00 nonJulM 197.10 HBjn 196J8 19760 -050 19X38 

22MB 19150 Aug 94 1MJQ 196® 19SJ0 19670 -8IB 4993 

21000 103350194 19560 195.90 1WX0 19560 .850 KJB 

20600 187.10 OD94 1985D 19*50 17250 194.00 -050 2J14 

20960 4 60 OeC 94 19340 1*4.00 19200 H3JD -LH 7X70 

79060 IMJOJnnlS 19460 MOO 19100 BUD -810 9KJ 

Est. sates 17600 Tua'istees 14592 

Tue-sopenim toxea off 326 

SOYBEAN 08. (CBOTJ ASM tew MonpyW tes. 

UX5 71 1 3 Mar 94 266D 2BJO 2350 2654 

3045 21 JO May 94 2864 2819 2055 2856 —803 3D6U 

29X0 2155 X49* 2860 2885 2651 28X3 —002 22888 

0X0 21 65 Aug 94 28X7 Z84S 2815 2818 —002 6652 

2840 224054094 2760 2705 27X0 27X0 -007 5X44 

7745 22 10 Oct 94 2685 27JH 2475 2639 -8M +851 

MJS3 a«O0C«f 36® TSjta 261 7 2621 -8(0 KU5U 

2655 2265 Jan 95 2615 2620 2605 3410 1X10 

25X0 2550*4tr«s 2405 2405 2505 2507 .800 27 

2SX5 75X0 May 95 2565 .805 I 

Est. sons 28480 Tue'S.MMt 210*7 

Tue-souante, 103X58 up '634 

Livestock 

CATTLE IGMER) «mM oM)nr« 

8175 TUB Apr M 7SW 7iS2 71S — 025 37 J45 

74.95 71X5 Jun 94 K55 7+50 74X2 74^ -ft 10 20J«0 

7187 70X0 Aug 94 73X5 7X32 7110 7120 - 80S 12020 

7X92 71 07 Oct 91 7165 7X67 7X45 7X57 9078 

701 72X5 Dec 9* Tito 7197 7185 n.95 L954 

74XS 710BHb« 7157 72S 

75.10 7120ADT9S 749? HLJJ 749? 749? *0(D J 

Ed. sates j.114 Toe’s, sotes 7X43 
TiHla penirt 81.93* up 220 

FEELteR CATTLE (CMFR1 KODOn&-aM*M'te 

85JS 79J2Mar94 0.42 52*0 BUS Ol.to -837 4227 

esjffi m JO Aw 94 81 JO 8166 80X0 IMm -047 2,7*5 

■403 7870 May 94 SMS 81X0 8065 0067 —8*0 2X11 

13.00 7965 Aug 94 «IX5 8140 81 50 8IJ0 -835 1.928 

rtJB 79JDS8P94 1165 81.15 BUB 81. W -060 » 

01 n m J6 OCt 94 8885 8045 BI60 BB60 -835 08 

0400 7765 Nov 7* IUD 814? 81 M IU0 -935 157 

806? 7910 JBl 9* HUS -007 9 

Est. sdes 893 Toe" v sates \jta 

Tuosopenirt I14S ia> 161 
HDG5 lownn &an as. -anneerte. 

51.92 37X7 Apr M 4957 SLrfl S9A5 4955 -860 1X77* 

5627 4637 Jun *4 SS6S 5SJ7 54.95 5602 -0X5 6332 

5X37 45X0 tel 94 5470 5440 S41S StXS -060 7.975 

5J« 4635 Aug 96 5XB5 SUS 5265 5265 —843 3JS13 

49X5 43600c* 9* 4480 4848 *840 4450 —420 TyOl 

50 JO 4U0DCCM «X0 49JD 4495 4945 -0X5 1,189 

5480 4UOFCb9S 49X7 015 Vi 

48J90 *0.toApr« 48.10 — Old *5 

j Esi. sales 3671 Tues. sales 3.9*3 
Tort open W 306SI up >4* 


Seaun Season 






MM 

High 

LOW 

Open 

«0h 

Low 

Oose 

cna 

OpiW 

11X7 

9. 17 Mar 95 

UJD 

11X3 

11 JO 

11X3 

4025 

5071 

,1X1 

WJ7Mav9S 11 U 

11.17 

ll.U 

11X8 


541 

11X1 


11.1* 

11.16 

11.14 

1128 

♦an 

X5J 

11X0 

106700 95 

1I.M 

tl.W 

11.1* 

nx» 

+8X1 

249 

ESLSOteS 4LT66 TUe'SL 3d83 

35 A* 





rue’s own mi 1226M 

aft 6171 





COCOA 






1495 

953 Mar 94 

11* . 

1159 

1143 

lin 

+# 

«* 


Soam Season 
Utah Low 


(tows Htah Low Oasc Cho Ckvlnt 


1348 971 May *4 11*4 1178 

13M mjuiw 1187 1200 

1377 1 031 iw, 94 1210 1220 

1389 104) Dec 94 1B0 n 35 

138? 1077MW95 TfflO 1283 

W» imMOT95 1794 1275 

1*7 1773 JUl 93 1310 1315 

□SO 12754W9S 

Dec 91 

EM.sefes 8689 Turt. sides 5X51 
Tursopenrt tz.93S off 10*7 
ORANGE JUICE [NCTN1 IM08IW-I 
13425 OtunMorft 10*00 10600 

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* 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 24. 1994 


Page 11 

EUROPE 


onnais 


•A 


at 


Devaluation Shakes Africa 

French Action Causes Pain in Ex-Colonies 


U.S. Tiff 


By Jacques Nefaer. .- 

fumwimi/ Her nU Tribune 

PARIS -—'Credit Lyonnais took 
an aggressive shot [Wednesday at ft 
Swiss court to defend its former; 
chairman in a enminaf bankruptcy 
case. 

At the same time, tie troubled 
bank plans to unwind that 
executives costly iaves&nent strat- 
egy by selling several bQEon debars 
of portfolio holdings in a bid ana- 
lysts say is armed ax restoring its 
eroded capital base. " -- - 

CrMit Lyonnais lawyers filed a 
petition with the Geneva court in- 
vestigating the Sasea SA bankrupt- 
cy case. AFP-Exte\ News reported, 
alleging that Judge Jean-Louis Cro- 
chet had shown “personal animos- 
ity*’ toward die bank's former 
hfcad. Jean- Yves "Haberer, and its 
current managing - director, Fran- • 
qois Gille. . . . ... 

charged Mr. llabera&nd Mr. Gille 
with “fraudakol" complicity in the 
October 1 992 collapse of Sasea, the 
company involved in the. takeover 
of the Meuo-G dd wyn-Mayer Inc. 
movie studio. 

V Credit Lyonnais also challenged 
a financial expert in the case, say- 
ing he was a partner in “the law- 
yers’ practice which defends Sasea 
former Chairman Florio KorinL” 
Mr. Fiorini is in a Swiss jail oh 
suspicion of fraud in the case. 

The bank also asked for the right 
to bring an independent action for 
damages, a right previouslyrejused 
by Judge Crochet. 


In Paris, the bank’s investment 
certificates jumped 23 percent, to 


783 French f rases, on a rajcnt in the 
French daily Le Figaro tret Credit 


French daily Le Figaro that Credit 
- Lyonnais planned tosdl off ai least 
-2) bfl&OQ francs (S3.4 billion) of its 
S3 bUhon-franc investment portfolio 
over the next two years. 

A spokeswoman confirmed <ha» 

the bask' would begin liquidating 
shares but said that the a rm ! 
amount “could.be more or could be 
less” than 20 Union francs. 

The measure, analysts said, was 
the first major move by Jean Peyrc- 
levade, whorqilaced Mr. Haberer in 
November, to revecse the straiegy 
launched by his predecessor. Mr. 
Haberer had followed the German 
model of universal basks, trying to 
build significant minority stakes in 
French industrial companies. 

But it has beet) a costly plan. 


By Kenneth B. Noble 

.Vnr York Tima Senier 
DAKAR. Senegal — A wave 
of price increases, labor disputes, 
demonstrations and violence has 
spread across West Africa in re- 
cent weeks, prompted by 
France’s decision to devalue the 
currency used by tens or millions 
of people in more than 3 dozen 
of ns former African colonics. 


the streets looting and burning. 
Reuters reported! 

France decided w devalue the 
currency after yean of pressure 
from international financial in- 
stitutions and Western countries 
to end subsidies to its former 
African colonies that have cost 


France $2 billion to S3 billion a 


Nearly a month after the value 
f the African franc was sudden- 


of the African franc was sudden- 
ly cut in half, people are trying to 
adapt 10 painful price increases 
for nearly everything they eat 
and drink. . 

Prices for pharmaceutical 
products have soared. The cost 
of drugs for malaria, the conti- 
nent's biggest killer, has nearly 
doubled ux some places. 

The suppliers are suffering, 
loo. Serdou Wadago. an Ivorian 


pharmacy clerk, said a recent ef- 
fort to impose price controls on 
some essential drags had made 
things even worse. 

. Governments are imposing 
wage freezes and layoffs. Labor 
moons are retaliating with wild- 
cat strikes that have affected 
mail delivery, telephones, water 
and electricity. 

Petroleum workers in Port- 
Genril the oil center of Gabon, 
have called an indefinite general 
strike until their salaries are at 
least doubled. In response, the 


panicnlariywhen ibe bank has suf- 
fered from soured loans to reces- 


sion-hit businesses and a collapse 
in the Paris real estate market in 
wfuchit is heavily involved. 

The bank has been losing about 6 
percent a year .on the portfolio, 
adding more than 3 billion francs 
to its operating costs. ' 

Citrat Lyonnais, which lost 1.8 
billion francs in 1992, next month 
is expected to report a 1993 loss of 
as much as S trillion francs. 

Analysts said they expected the 
bank would still be saddled with Us 
20 percent stake in the state-owned 
steelmaker Usinor-Sacilor SA, 
which thegovemment induced it to 
buy in 1991. 


year. 

The consequences, however, 
are expected to reach far beyond 
the economy. 

“The only thing we can be sure 
of is that there's going to be a lot 
more turmoil in coming weeks, 
and 1 wouldn't be surprised that 
a few governments are going to 
topple because of this," a West- 
ern bank*? with long experience 
in Africa said. 

Since 1948. France had guar- 
anteed an exchange rate of one 
French franc to 50 African 
francs, making the latter one of 
Africa's few readily convertible 
currencies. 


these West African countries is 
minuscule although many have 
a strong agricultural base". Their 
main exports face tough compe- 
tition from South American and 
Asian products. 

Bananas from the Dominican 
Republic, hr example, arose in 
Europe at nearly half the cost of 
those from the Ivory Coast de- 
spite the longer trip. 

France's enduring ties with the 
.African comment can also be 
seen in the number of French 
people living in the former colo- 
nies — about twice as many os 
there were at the time of inde- 
pendence. 

They generally live well, while 
back in France.’ the unemploy- 
ment rate is almost 12 percent. 
Their numbers are shrinking, 
however, and are expected to di- 
minish further. 


With Japan 
Has Europe 
On Edge 


Frankfurt 

DAX 

m 

2308 

2290 r— 

m—xn 


London 
FTSE 100 Index 
2500 si 


Parte . 

GAG 40 

2400— 



^-r^TroTT 


By Tom Buerkle * 

.’r.vrnuju-fw/ HeroU Tribune 

BRUSSELS — European Offi- 
cials are becoming worried that the 
trade dispute between die United 
States and Japan could chill the cli- 
mate fir global commerce only 
months after the successful end of 
(he Uruguay Round of GATT talks. 


- 1093 

Exchange 


IflSM 

Index 


Wednesday Prev. 
Close Close 


The United States has been re- 
buffed in recent days in ns efforts 
to enlist European support to pry 
open Japan's markets, meaning it 
might impose tough sanctions on 
its own — a slap at the spirit of the 
recently concluded talks under the 
General Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trace. 


As always, there is another 
side to the siorv. 


But the African franc’s value 
was stashed in mid-January to 
100 to the franc, sending shock 
waves through Senegal. Como- 
ros, Burkina Faso. Equatorial 
Guinea. Ivory Coast. Chad, Be- 
nin, Central African Republic. 
Congo. Gabon. Niger. Toga 
Cameroon and Mali. 


government Tuesday imposed a 
national “state of area 


{Soldiers ransacked and 
homed a popular opposition ra- 
dio station and were patrolling 
Gabon's capital, Libreville, in ar- 
mored cars on Tuesday, and 
hundreds of citizens went into 


Ultimately, the most signifi- 
cant change may be what many 
analysts see as tire end to the 
exceptionally cozy, complex and 
sometimes contradictory rela- 
tionship that the nations once 
known as French Africa have 
maintained with their former co- 
lonial ruler. 

Overall, manufacturing in 


Until recent years, because of 
the discipline imposed on their 
governments by France, the 
franc zone generally benefited 
from lower inflation and steadier 
growth than the rest of Africa. 

The arrangement also aliened 
rich Africans and some senior 
civil servants to afford luxuries. 
But those a bit further down the 
economic scale have not fared 
well. Most franc-zone countries 
are among the world's poorest 
nations. 

France's enduring influence in 
.Africa also has virtually guaran- 
teed it a dozen or so sympathetic 
partners in the United Nations, 
helping to justify its permanent 
seat on the Security Council. 


NatWest Cut Costs and Look Abroad, EU Tells Carmakers 


Rides Surge 


B/oomt *erg Businas Seva 

LONDON . National West- 

minster Bank PLC. Britain's sec- 


ond-biggest bank, said its pretax 
profit sureed 169 percent in 1993 as 


profit surged 169 percent in 1993 as 
a revival in the British economy an 
its problem loans. ' 

Profit before taxes climbed to 
£989 million (SI 3 billion) from 
£367 million a year earlier as bad 
debt provisoes fdl 30 percent, to 
£1.26 billion. 

:*Tbe main reason for the in-, 
crease in profits was the substantial ' 
reduction in bad and .doubtful . 
debts," said NatWest Chairman 
Lord Alexander. ' ‘ 

NatWest raised its 1993 act divi- 
dend 6 percent, to 1815 pence a 
share, in line with analysis* expec- 
tations, 

“J believe we have begun a peri- 
od of solid progress which will en- 
able us to achieve steady real 
growth in dividends," Lord Alex-, 
ander said. “The U.K. economy is 
undoubtedly improving, and we ex- 
pect the level of bad debts to come 
down further." 

With the bank carping a margin 
of just 3.7 percent on the loans it is 
making some investors are con- 
cerned about Nat West’s operating 
income, raying that British reluc- 
tance to borrow after the longest 
recession since the 1930s is potting 
a crimp on the bank’s income. . 


CoafUed tvOrn Staff From Dispatches 

BRUSSELS —7 Hie European Union’s car 
industry, which lost 70,000 manufacturing jobs 
in 1993, should cut costs. Increase hs presence 
overseas and build “deaner" products, the Eu- 
ropean Commission said Wednesday. 

"The European automobile industry isn’t un- 
able to compete in principle,” Industry Com- 
missioner Martin Bangemann said at a news 
conference. “It has a few weaknesses, but once 
these' have - been cleared up, it has a very rosy 
future." 


The Union will help by continuing its efforts 
.to create a angle market and providing money 


.to create a single market and providing money 
for research, vocational training ana invest- 
ments, the commission said in a repot. 


Mr. Bangemann said the commission expect- 
ed zero growth in demand in Europe in 1994, a 
forecast that would be used in negotiations with 
Japan on its car expats to Europe this year. 
The two sides are to meet Thursday in Tokyo. 

On Japanese access to the EU market, the 
commission said compromises had been 
readied on meeting market forecasts under the 
EC- Japanese accord had been reached. 

The revised export levd for 1993 of 980,000 
Japanese cars was exactly met, mid this was 
down 18.4 percent from the year before, the 
report said. Japan’s automotive trade surplus 
with the Union is lObflhon European currency 
units ($8.9 billion), it said. 

The 15.9 percent decline in the 1993 Europe- 


an Union market for cars and light commercial 
vehicles was the largest annual drop ever re- 
corded, tile report said. 

The industry is likely to lose 40.000 manufac- 
turingjobs in 1994. leaving total manufacturing 
employment at 900,000. it said. 

Sales are expected to rise to more than 15 
million units by the end of 1999. from 1 1.7 
million in 1993. Bui the industry needs to 
restructure to be more competitive, especially 
before the Union opens its market completely 
to Japanese cars at the end of 2999, the report 
said. 

The report urged manufacturers 10 establish 
a stronger manufacturing presence in growing 
markets such as Eastern Europe .'Latin .America 
and Asia. f Return, AFX ) 


“Having this major conflict right 
after that sours the atmosphere a 
little bit-“ one senior Uruguay 
Round negotiator said Wednesday. 

The United Stares already has 
begun drawing up a list of sanc- 
tions over Motorola lnc.'s failure to 
gain a significant share of Japan's 
market for cellular telephones. 

But the threat of wider retalia- 
tion loomed after Senator Max S. 
Baucus. a Montana Democrat who 
beads the Senate Finance Commit- 
tee’s trade panel, introduced legis- 
lation Tuesday to revive the so- 
called Super 301 trade law. which 
sets a timetable for sanctions on 
countries that do not open their 
markets to American goods. 

Other countries have long resent- 
ed Super 301 as a symbol of Ameri- 
ca's inclination to bypass world 
trading rules and use its economic 
clout to wrest advantages. For 
many countries, especially in Eu- 
rope. tbe main achievement of the 
Uruguay Round was its provision 
doing away with unilateral trade 
sanctions by establishing a power- 
ful World Trade Organization to 
settle disputes. 

“We would deplore" the revival 
of Super 301. Sir Leon Britian. the 
European Union's trade commis- 
sioner. has said. 

ELI officiate say U.S. demands 
for numerical targets on trade with 
Japan set a dangerous precedent 
because they would benefit only 
American companies. 

They sav the United States risks a 
backlash from its trading partners if 
it revives the measures before the 
glohal agreement is signed in Marra- 
kesh, Morocco, on April 15. 


Amsterdam 

Brussels 

Frankfurt 

Frankfurt 

ftetefnfcl 

London 

London 

Madrid 

Milan 

Paris 

Stockholm 

Vienna 


AFX . 
Sock index 
DAX 

FA2 

HOC 


42SJ31 

7,869*1 

2,127*7 

818.57 

1,904-83 


Financial Times 30 2,577.90 

FTSeiOO ~ X341M 
Genet# Index 343.20 

MB 1,07210 

CAC4Q 2^52-00 

Affaerewaeridan 1,82940 

Stock Index 432.75 

SBS N-A. 


422J23 

7,64034 

2,107-62 

806.71 
1,903-00 

2.576.00 
3,333.70 
337.07 

1.069.00 
2J22BS7 
1,809.57 

488.72 
1.03754 


4085 .. 
+0.38 
+0.95 
+ 1.22 
+0.10 
+0.07 
+025 
+1.82 
<•156 
+1.14 
+L10 
+0.82 


Sources: Reuters, AFP 


lotenulKMul Henld Tntwe 


Very briefly: 


• SMH Soriete Suisse de Mkroefectroqique et tTHorfogerie SA, the 
watchmaker whose line includes Swatch, earned 440 million Swiss francs 
($303 million) in 1993. up from 4(3 million francs in 2992. 


• Italy's industrial output fell 2.8 percent is 1993 from 1992, but small 
signs’of recovery appeared in the fourth quarter, when output was 0.2 
percent above the same period in 1991 


• Hoogorens NV sold its entire stake in Hoogmens Industrial Supplies to 
three Dutch investment companies as pan of its strategy to return to its 
core metals manufacturing business. 


• Commercial Union PLC one of Britain's top five insurance companies, 
said higher prices and lower costs lifted 1993 pretax earnings to £218 
million (S323 million) from £31 million in 1992. 


• Jyske Bank AS. the founb-largest bank in Denmark, said it earned 429 
million kroner (563 million) in 1993. reversing from a loss of 919 million 
kroner in 1992. its the most favorable results since 1985. 


• Dyno lodustrier AS. the Norwegian chemicals and explosives firm, 
earned 307 million kroner (S41 million) in 1993. nearly double its 1992 
earnings of 161 million kroner, on the strength of its chemical division. 

Bloomberg, AP. AFP. Knight- RubSer. Reuters 


NOTICE TO THE SHAREHOLDERS 
OF 

ASIAN CAPITAL HOLDINGS FUND 

20. Boulevard Emmanuel Servais 
L-2535 LUXEMBOURG 
R.C. Luxembourg B 43 100 


Notice is lirri'h) given that the Annual Cun era I Meeting of the 
shareholders nf ASIAN CAPITAL HOLDINGS FUND will he lidd at 
the FrgLstunxl nflin- of the cum] winy on Man.-h I Ml 1 094 at 3 A0 jun. 


SKF Narrowed Loss in 1993 Shipbuilder Denies Any Cash Shortage 

P/nrardtMv JJmi * r/Mittnu^ f A imn i rnu* Anri nnvliplpd ^ 


• Bloomberg Basinas News 

STOCKHOLM -r-SKF AB. the 
Swedish ball-bearing maker, re- 
ported- Wednesday that its 1993 
loss narrowed lo 669 million kro- 
nor (584 mflBonX dung cosr-cui- 
ting and an improvement in . its 
markets. • 

The 1993 result after net finan- 
cial items compared with a loss of 
1.7 billion kronor in the year-earli- 
er period. The improvement was 
“ mainly due to (be cost-cutting 
program and higher productivity in 
the group," an SKF spokesman 
said. 

“We also saw an improvement in 
all our markets during the fourth 
quarter,” the spokesman. Alee 
Svanberg. said; 

SKF said it expected sales lo 


continue to improve and predicted 
a return to profit in 1994. 

It also took a 250 million kronor 
one-time charge against 1993 prof- 
its for restructuring costs and said 
it would not pay an annual divi- 
dend, for the second year in a row. 

In 1992. SKF took a charge of 
1.1 billion kronor against fourth- 

ihe period to 1.4 btflLm kronor. 

Sales of fixed assets gave a 
fourth-quarter, one-time gain last 
year of 16 0 million kronor. 

Sales in 1993 rose to 29.2 billion 
kronor from 26.6 billion the year 
bef ore, b ut adjusted for the sale of 
its CTT Tools group and the kro- 
na’s deprecation, sales decreased 4 
percent. SKF said. 


Reuters 

FRANKFURT — The management of the Ger- 
man shipbuilder Bremer Vulkan V'erbund AG. 
denying press reports that it W3S shon of cash and 
had misused state aid, said Wednesday that its 
finances were sound and that it would resume 
paying a dividend in 1995. 

Board members held a press conference to de- 
nounce accusations of financial mismanagement, 
concealed state holdings in the company and a 
capital shortage. 

The monthly Manager Ma&azin said in its 
March issue that the company had misused sure 
aid intended for shipyards in the former East 
Germany and that the group's East German yards 
had been forced to pay service fees to West’Ger- 
man units. 

Friedrich Hennemann. the chairman, said gov- 
ernment subtidies had not been misused and that 


transfer payments in the Bremer Vulkan group to 
its subsidiaries had been checked regularly by 
independent monitors. 

In a separate report, the weekly Wirtschafis- 
wodie said last week that the company's diversifi- 
cation strategy had led to a capital crunch 

“These accusations go lar beyond what we 
would call acceptable." Mr. Hennemann said. “We 
were particularly hurt D\ the financing allega- 
tions." He said the company was on a solid finan- 
cial fooling and added that 25 percent of the 
balance-sheet total and all its fixed-asset invest- 
ment was covered by equity capital, which he put 
at 732 million Deutsche marks ($423 million). The 
group has more liquidity than short-term debt be 
said. 

While conceding that he could not rule out a loss 
of nearly 100 million DM for 1993, Mr. Henne- 
mann offered an upbeat outlook for 1995. 


AGENDA 

1. Approval of ih*- n-jmit of till? Kuan! of Dirrelnrs .mil tlu- report uf the 

Auilib**- 

2. Approval r4 the finatnial qaleinmis Tor Or- scar ending i»n Owvmher 3 la. 

KMSs 

3. Ratification of lltc r-crojUatinn as INn-clor of the Hnn. Jenm) Snamrs lo 
replair Mr. Rirhanf I anil) »ho lia* resigned; 

■1- ttsefiarge of lire uni^n" Itinilnn- and ll*r VuJilor fpim slicir duties for 
the \«iir ending on I VivhiNt 3 1st I9£k 
5. Appointment of the Agents of lire company: 

- R*-clivti>n of die Dinrfiirv; except Mr. KR-fcvd Larnli wfm has resigned: 

- Rrr'-h-tliim of the Auditor. 

O. trrvodi'T intern.--. 


Ri-soliiiioo- mi the aho^-nvTilioiii.-d apiuLi will nspiirv no ipiumm and tile 
P-s4ution» "ill l«* just’d l«y a -impfi- majority of die duns jtri-sul nr 
n-pruH-iitof at (In- milling. 

A Hiatrlml'Ii-r mm art at any meeting lij pruiy. 

On l» -luil f of tin- C>ni[tony. 

B ANODE DC CESTtON EDMOND DE ROTHSCHILD LUXEMBOIHC 
Sodfte Aoonvrnr 
20. Boulevard Emmanuel Small 
L - 2533 LUXEMBOURG 


REPUBLIC OF LEBANON 

COUNCIL FOR DEVELOPMENT AND RECONSTRUCTION 


REPUBLIC OF LEBANON 

COUNCIL FOR DEVELOPMENT AND RECONSTRUCTION 


Tender.for the Execution of the Infrastructure Works in tbe Beirut Central District 


The Government of Lebanon, represented by .Council for Development and Reconstruction (C.D.R.J, invites suitably qualified 
Lebanese infrastructure and civil engineering Contractors to tender for tbe Reconstruction of the Infrastructure Works in Beirut 
Central District fBCDl. • - 

- Works will include the following main elements: . 

- A Ring Road around the BCD area with an approximate length of 3.6 km and of various widths, including interchanges, bridges, 
underpasses and tunnels. 

- Primary roads in the BCD.area with an approximate length of 8.4 km and width varying between 15 m and 40 m. 

- Secondary roads in the BCD area with an approximate length of J 0.5 kra and-wrdtb varying between 7 m and 27 m. 

- Tertiary roads in the BCD area with «n approximate length of 62 km and width varying between 8 m and 10 m. 

- Road fimiitare sut* as adew^Iks, kerbs, traffic lights, etc. . 

- General public lighting for streets, interchanged bridges, underpasses and tunnels. 

- Sewerage network, including around 28 kin of sewer pipes with service connections, manholes, and a sewage pumping station. 

- Stormwater drainage network including around 26 km of stormwater pipes and culverts with gullies, manholes and outfalls. 

- Landscaping and irrigation network for roads meiuding around 38 kra of irrigation mains manifolds and laterals, wells, a ground 
reservoir and a pumping station. 

- Water supply network including around 30 km of water mams with fittings, valves, fire hydrants and control devices. 

- Electric power distribution works including cable support system within culverts, as well as duct banks and manholes for the 

20kV cables. ' I . . 

_ Tunnel lighting system complete including ligtaing fixtures, transformer sub-stations, stand-by generators. CCTV. etc. 

- Civfl works including primary and secondary ducts, manholes, and handholes for Telecommunications Network (Outside Plant). 

Arc invited 10 tender, Lebanese Contractors -working in Lebanon or outside Lebanon who have executed in the last twenty years 

similar works for government agencies or public or private organizations for a total amount of one hundred and fifty (150) Million 
U.S. Dollars at dollar actual rates at the times-pf execution, of which at least one similar project has amounted to fifty (50) Million 
U.S.DoHare. ' * '.r • .- - 

Lebanese Contractors who do hot meet the requirements stipulated above and who wish to participate in this lender must establish 
a joint vemuffi with an International Contractor who must meet the conditions stated above provided that the Lebanese Contractor 
has executed similar work during the last 20 years amounting to 30 Million U.S. Dollars, one project of which amounted to 10 
Million U.S. Dollars, " : 

Tenders must be submkted mside two separate sealed envelopes- . 

The first envelope shall contain’ the completed qualification documents contained in the Tender Documents for this purpose and 
any other supporting documents pravingthe technical ind Ruanda] ability and experience of the Contractor. Tbe second envelope 
shell contain the ccwmercial proposaL • ' L ’ 

The Tender Coromiftee slrall firat open thc firs envelope and establish the ability and experience of the Contractors. The 
Committee shall relain only those Contractors who qualify lo execute the Project and shall return the Tender Documents to those 
extractors who do not qualify. 

The Tender Committee shall then open the second envelope of only those Contractors who have qualified publicly at a date and 
lime to be announced in due time. - 

Contractors who wish'topajticipaein this Tender areinvilcd.tocollecflbe relevant Tender Documents against a sum of U.S. 
Dollars Ten Thousand ($ 1 0.000)' ai the offices of CDJL as pf.Monday February 28. 1994 at the following address: 

The CbnncSfireDevctopm^taDrfRecoostructioa 
■ . Tallet ALSaruy, Bejnrf Lebanon 

Tenders are to be. submitt«i at, tl» above address noHater than 12:00 hours noon Beirut local time at the offices of C.D.R. on 
Friday May 13, 1994. ' 


Prequaltfication of Consortia 
for the Finance, Design, Build, Operate and Transfer 
of a Conference Center and Luxury Hotel Complex in Beirut 


The Lebanese Government wishes to build a center for conventions, exhibitions as well as Arab and International 
conferences, as part of its plan to reinforce the role of Beirut as a center for culture, finance, tourism and trade. 

The Government of Lebanon, represented by the Council for Development and Reconstruction (C.D.R) invites 
applications from suitably qualified Lebanese. Arab or International institutions wishing to undertake this vital project to 
prequalify to participate in a competition to design, execute, finance and operate a conference center with a luxury five 
star 500 to 1 ,000 room hotel including luxury and ordinary suites, a commercial center in addition to a marina with ail its 
facilities on plot No. 705 in Ain A l Mraissi, Beirut. 

Those wishing to prequalify should form consortia which will include a financier, an international hotel operator, an 
international qualified consulting firm with a wide experience in designing first class luxury hotels provided he 
collaborates with a Lebanese consulting office. 

The project will be erected on land owned by the Lebanese Government with a total area of 66.000m 7 . The main ' 
functions of the project will occupy a built up area of 260,000 nf approximately, distributed as follows: 


Conference halls, lecture halls and theatres 
Hotel 

Commercial centers 

Cultural and entertainment centers 

Car parks as needed 


43.000 nf 

167.000 nf 

35.000 nf 

15.000 nf 


Total built up area excluding car parks 


260.000 m 2 


The project is to be designed and executed in accordance with a time schedule within a period not exceeding 36 months. 

The successful consortium will have to operate the project for a period of lime then hand it over in excellent condition 
to the Slate of Lebanon. 

Prequalification must be in accordance with the ptiequaliftcaiion document available at C.D.R. against the sum of U.S.$ 
5.000 (five thousand American dollars) in the form of a banker's certified cheque in the name of the Council for 
Development and Reconstruction. 

Those wishing to participate in the competition are invited to receive the prequalification document starting Monday 
February 28. 1994 and return them with all supporting material before twelve o'clock noon, Beirut local time on 
Thursday April 2S, 1994 at the following address: 


Council for Development and Reconstruction 
Tallet Ai-Saray 
Beirut Lebanon 


r 

































































































L>* 


l >S 4 > 


** 


Page 13 

ASIA/PACIFIC 




ew 



Campikdty Our Staff From Dopant 

KUALA LUMPUR — New 
central bank treasures designed to 
thwart currency specuktorsfaited . 
to daunt the ringgit’s rise against 
the dollar Wednesday. 

Just a day after Bank Negara, 
banned currency swaps that were 
not trade-idaied kid said it sought 
greater vtgBance in the fight against 
currency specokdon, the dollar fefl 
further "g»kis*' the Malaysian enr- 
rancy, to 2.7260 ringgit from 2.7680 
ringgit Tuesday. 

Previous measures making it. 
more difficult for foreigners to hold 
the ringgit, winch is the intent of 
the swaps ban, had weakened the 
currency. 

Some analysts said Wednesday’s 
ringgit rally may have been caused' 
by short-covering by traders who 
sold the currency Tuesday in an- 
ticipation of stiff er anti-speculative 
restrictions. 

Another possibility is that inves- 
tors woe buying the ringgit to bay 
Malaysian stocks, analysts said. 
The ringgit's recent fall has made 
stocks cheaper for overseas inves- 
tors- Stocks also offer an indirect 
means lo skirt Bank Negara's regu- 
lations and bet on the currency. 

The Kuala Lumpur Stock Ex- 
change's composite index rose 3 
percent Wednesday, offering evi- 
dence that some foreigners woe 
shifting ringgit into stocks. 

“As an educated guess, I would 
say some of that money is : 
its way into the market," said 
Storey, research manger ax Mo- 
haryaoi Securities. "One can cer- 
tainly say there is increased foreign 
interest” 

Bank Negara began u> make it 
difficult for foreigners to keep 
money in Malaysia in eariy Janu- 
ary. shortly after it drove down the 


GE to Sharply Expand 
Investment in India 

Realm 

BOMBAY — General Electric 
Co. said Wednesday that India was 
a priority area for investment after 
the country's economic reforms 
and said it would invest as much as - 
5500 milli on in the next few years. 

“We already have approvals for 
investing S200 million^ Scott Bay- 
man, president and chitf executive 
officer of General Electric India, 
said. “By the middle of the decade, 
it could rise to half a billion dol- 
lars.'’ 

-Mr. Bayman said General Elec- 
tric would concentrate an power? 
generation and aircraft engines. 


value of itscmreiicy to dress up the 
value of its foreign reserves near 
year-eol ' 

: The weak ringgit caught the at- 
tention of speculators, who poured 
money into Malaysia expecting its 
.cxurenQr to rebound. The. inflow of 
funds alarmed the central bank, 
which feared the money supply was 
.growing: .too quickly and could 
touch off higher inflation. 

The first strike against offshore 
funds came on Jan. 3, when Bank 
Negara raised the stahiioty reserve 
requirement for banks and finance 
companies, forcing than to tie up 

forego funds in reserves. 

The cehtralbarikafeo banned the 
sate of short-term instruments — 
those maturing in one year or less 

to nonresidents. 

A. week later it ruled that all 
foreign funds would be included in 
the liability bases of bantam which 
further raised the reserve amounts 
that financial institutions bad to 
: with the central bank, 
week, the central bank is- 
sued a ruling after banking hours 
that forced banks to charge nega- 
tive interest on ringgit funds held 
by foreign institutions in local cur- 
rency accounts. 

At&incetiog Tuesday, Bank Ne- 
gara urp^conmiercial hankers not 
to sell long-term monetary instru- 
ments, to foreigners, executives fa- 
miliar with the discussion at the 
said. Bank Negara also 
e banks to stop advising 
foreigners bow to get around its 
rates. • 

Dealers said they expected cur- 
rency volatility to continue through 
Tuesday, whoa the last batch of 
short-term instruments allowed to 
be sold to foreign investors ma- 
tures. (Bloomberg, Reuters) 


In Japan , Mobile Phones for Less 


AFP Extd Sew 

TOKYO — Deregulation of Japan’s mo- 
bile telephone market, due April l, is expect- 
ed to spark a round of competition among 
local cellular telephone companies, with car- 
riers under government pressure to expand 
then use of Motorola Inc. technology. 

The changes, which will allow the purchase 
of mobile phones previously available only 
for rent, wiB begin making the devices more 
accessible to individuals, who have beer slow 
to embrace them, analysis said. 

“One of reasons the cellular telephone 
market bad such low penetration compared 
with overseas markets was a big price differ- 
ence between cellular and regular ide- 
s'' Tosbiho Sato, an analyst at UBS 
rides, said. With deregulation and the 
resulting sharp decline in user fees for mobile 
telephones, That gap will narrow," he said. 

Mr. Sato said the removal of the rental fee 
would immediately cut user costs for mobile 
phones by about one-third, and other fees are 
expected to follow quickly as competition 
heats up. 

It is still far from dear to analysts exactly 
who will be the big beneficiaries of the 
changes — telecom carriers or equipment 
suppliers — and the US. threat of sanctions 


in the cellular telephone sector has further 
complicated the outlook. 

Analysis say the Motorola standard could 
get the upper hand from deregulation be- 
cause of its simpler technology, which might 

prove attractive io increasingly cost-cou- 
srioos Japanese consumers. 

So far. Motorola's main source of support 
in its fight for a Japanese market share has 
been the UJJ. government, which has worked 
for years to open the cellular phone market to 
UJS. makers through bilateral agreements. 

The U.S. trade representative. Mickey 
Kan tor, said Feb. 15 that the United States 
would impose sanctions rat Japan within 30 
days in the cellular phone sector for violating 
a 1989 agreement lo give U.S. companies 
"comparable market access.” 

The move was prompted by a complaint by 
Motorola over Japan's failure to open dense- 
ly populated areas to its TACS technology, 
the North American standard promoted lo- 
cally mainly by the carrier DDI Corp. 

Motorola this month said Japan's dosed 
market for cellular phones bad cost the com- 
pany between S250 million and 5300 million 
a year in lost sales. 

The government says it has taken serious 
steps to encourage the private sector to intro- 


duce Motorola products, efforts Unit it says 
bare allowed Motorola to sett £250 billion 
yen ($2.35 btilionj of products in Japan. 

Analysts said the government had also 
tried lo avoid U.S. sanctions by instructing 
the carrier Nippon Idou Tsushin Corp. to 
expand its use of the TAGS format to accom- 
modate 450.000 subscribers by 1997, putting 
its TACS subscriber base at about 93 percent 
Of its NTT-formal coverage. 

But they said it was still not certain that 
Motorola itself would be in a position to take 
advantage of the deregulation, in spite of 
Washington's efforts to open the door for the 
U.S. company. 

Nippon fdou was reported Wednesday to 
have rejected a Motorola proposal that it 
order 225,001) Motorola portable telephones 
to prompt the dropping of sanctions. 

Koiduro CfcraauL axf analyst at Salomon 
Brothers, said the inevitable expansion of the 
Motorola standard would be a boon for the 
Japanese phone maker Uni den Corp. Uni- 
den, which makes aD its products overseas 
and sends the majority of its exports to the 
United States, should* be wdJ positioned to 
take advantage of an expansion of TACS-' 
based networks in Japan, he said. 



Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

Singapore 

Shafts Times 

Tokyo 
Nikkei 22S 



Ml SS5 ■ 

A :i~ 


■ h ■ 

"T f\ * m -if-W*- “T \ ■ JL ‘ 

tlu 

ottii- — -m+i 

r~ 

«?W0 ■ ■ I 

r 


Sv^ 


WjHJ *"'■*“* 

if" 

■ 

ism 



OAF '^sonoJf 

1993 tSW .1893 1984 1893 1894 

Exchange index Wednesday Pretv. %. 

Ctoee Dose Ctenge 

Hong Kong Hang Seng -W63J20 10,674.00 +0.34 

Singapore 

■ Shafts Times 


2,400.36 

+0.98 

Sydney 

AH Ordinaries 

z^iiao 

020050 

+0.74 

Tokyo 

Nikkei 225 

18,341.83 19,342.63 -0.00 J 

| Kuala Lumpur Composite 

1,141.05 

1.104.45 

+3,31 

Bangkok 

SET 

1,43085 

1,446.87 

-1.12 

Seoul 

Composite Stock 

95001 

SS3l22 

-034 

Taipei 

Weighted Price 

5,76019 

5,783*1’ 

+0.62 

Mantle 

Composite 

099021 

3.003.43 

-0_24 

•Jakarta 

Stock Index 

551.se 

543.76 

+T.49 ’ 

New Zealand 

NZSE-40 

026354 

2,217.64 

+2.15 

Bombay 

National index 

1,95089 

1,97937 

-120 


Sources; Reuters. AFP 


Intcnuofaa! Herald Tribune 


Fletcher Challenge’s Profit Triples 


emptied by Our Staff Front Dupmcka 

WELLINGTON — Fletcher 
Challenge Lid-, an energy and for- 
estry conglomerate, said Wednes- 
day that its profit had tripled in the 
six months ended in December, re- 
flecting hefty gains from asset sales 
but no growth in product sales. 

-Net profit was 492.1 million New 
Zealand dollars (USS284 million) 
in the second half of 1993. which 
was the first half of the financial 
year for Fletcher. The 
had profit of 153.5 million < 
year earlier. 


The company said its profit in- 
ducted a one-time gain of 392 mil- 
lion dollars for asset sates as well as 
a restructuring charge of 45 milli on 
dollars. 

Sir Ron Trotter, the company's 
chairman, said earnings were ex- 
pected to be higher in the current 
six-month period. 

Sales fell 13 percent, to 43 tril- 
lion dollars, for which the company 
cited lower world prices for paper, 
pulp and oil. 

The company, which has been 
struggling to whittle down debt left 


from a diversification spree in the 
last decade, said its debr-to-equity 
ratio had fallen to 423 percent 
from 57.4 percent a year earlier. It 
said it had sold off 4.ti billion dol- 
lars of assets over the past 18 
months to pay debts. 

David Stanley, an analyst with 
Doyle, Patterson & Brown, said the 
results were in line with expecta- 
tions and that earnings in the cur- 
rent half should be helped by high- 
er world prices for oil, pulp and 

’ (Bloomberg, Reuters I 


New Airport Very briefly: 
In Japan Seen 
Helping Links 


Taiwan’s Not-Yet-Convertible Bonds Lure Buyers 


Compiled By Our Staff From Dtyatdies 

TAIPEI — Companies are finding eager 
buyers for overseas issues of convertible 
bonds among in terna ti onal fund managers 
" eager, to tap into Taiwan’s rapidly growing 
economy. 

TwdveTarwan companies have successful- 
ly issued the braids, catted Euroconvcrtfbles, 
since 1989. 

On Tuesday, Formosa Plastics Co_ one of 
Taiwan’s Largest companies, said it planned 
to sell 51.05 billion of bonds hi the country’s 
. largest overseas debt issue. At least six other 
leal companies have applied to issue Euro- 
convertibles, and several others are consider- 
ing it- . 

Foreign investors are scurrying to buy the 


bonds, issued on European markets, because 
the Taiwan equity market is virtually dosed 
to direct foreign investment 

In theory, the bonds can be exchanged for 
listed shares in the issuing company. In prac- 
tice, they cannot be convened, because the 
government has yet to produce regulations 
permitting it This is the result of rifts within 
the government over the pace and scope of 
liberalization of the financial markets. 

Industry sources remain optimistic that 
conversion will be allowed. 

“So many companies are issuing Eurocon- 
vartibtesuow, they've gm tojwss eventually," 
said Phoebe Li of Yuen Foong Yu Paper, 
which in 1989 became the first local company 
to launch a Euroconvertible. 


But there is no sign conversion will be 
allowed soon. “When the convertibility issue 
will be resolved, no one can say," said Ting 
Ko-hua. head of the fourth dwisira] at the 
Securities and Exchange Commission. 

On Tuesday, G Y. Su, spokesman for For- 
mosa Plastics, said it and its Nan Ya Plastics 
Corp. and Formosa Chemicals A Fiber Corp- 
units each planned to raise 5350 million 
through issues of overseas convertible bonds. 

The funds will help finance a petrochemi- 
cal complex valued at about $8.6 billion, the- 
largest private investment ever in Taiwan, 
Jack Pan. a chemical industry analyst with 
Jardine Fleming Securities, said. 

“They should have no problem raising the 
money," he said. ( Reuters. Bloomberg) 


Rearm 

TOKYO — .All Nippon Airways 
expects (he opening of a new inter- 
national airport in September to 
speed the creation of alliances with 
foreign carriers. Yoshiyuki Naka- 
machi. a company vice president, 
said. 

Many foreign airlines, such as 
British Airways and some U.S. car- 
riers. have contacted All Nippon 
for possible alliances ahead of the 
opening of the Kansai Internation- 
al Airport near Osaka, scheduled 
for SepL 4. Mr. Nakaraachi said. 

Kansai will be Japan's first 24- 
hour airport and will handle both 
international and domestic flights. 
It will give passengers from over- 
seas better access to Japanese cities 
other than Tokyo. Foreign carriers 
say a Japanese network made 
through a link with domestic coun- 
terparts will lure more passengers. 
Mr. Nakamachi said. 

The idea of using Japanese carri- 
ers to go on to other Asian destina- 
tions also attracts them, he said. 

All Nippon has the largest do- 
mestic flight network among major 
Japanese airlines. 


• Singapore unveiled a fiscal 1994 budget that left corporate taxes, 
unchanged, dashing widespread expectations of a cut d one lo two 
percentage points in taxes. 

• Unilever Croup and Kimberly-Clark Corp. said they were forming a 
joint venture that would manufacture disposable diapers and market 
feminine-care products in India. 

o Brunei, which holds a 10 percent stake in Malaysian Airtimes, plans to 
buy some shares of Philippine AirKnes, the Philippine airline said. 

• NEC Corp. said it had developed the world's first video-processing 
large-scale integrated circuit chip capable of real-time recognition cif 
moving images. The company said Lhe chip could handle complex 
functions previously restricted to supercomputers. 

• Siam Cement Co.. Thailand’s largest building-iuaterials conglomerate, 
said profit fell 27 percent, to 2-59 billion baht (5102 million), in 1993. 

• First Pacific Co., a Hong Kong investment company, said it sold a 432 
percent stake in Intematio-MuOer NV. the Dutch engineering and trading 
group, for 205 million guilders (S10.6 million). 

Reiners. Bloomberg, Knighl-Ridder. AFP. AP 

Ramos Yields, Scraps Oil Tax 

Reuters 

MANILA — President Fidel V. Ramos yielded to public pres&i.:- 
Wednesday and abolished an ral lax that had raised prices and set off 
widespread protests in the Philippines. 

■Mr. Ramos said the decision would mean delays in vital projects that 
could have created 100.000 jobs and tire possible cancellation of other 
development. He suspended the price rises a few days after they took 
effect, after bombings and street demonstrations. 




NYSE 

WadiMSday's dovbisi ■ 

Tables Include the nationwide prices up to 
the dosing on Wad Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 


cw via pe wn» mmLawtorar 



Canon Is Set to Use U.S. Chip 

New Turk Times Service 

International Business Machines Crap, has announced that Canon Inc. 
has agreed to use the Power PC drip in future generations of personal 
computers, giving the new microchip a welcome, if limited, endorsement. 

The Japanese company is one of the few computer makers, apart from 
the three companies that jointly developed the Power PC — IBM. Apple 
Computer Inc. and Motorola Inc. — to commit itself to using the new 
drip. 

The three-company Power PC effort aims to produce a family of 
microprocessors that can be used in everything from hand-held devices to 
supercomputers. But to succeed, the Power PC must over the next few 
years make a dent in Intel Corp.’s dominance of the mainstream personal 
computer market. 

Canon, best known for its cameras and copying machines, is trying to 
become a factor in the personal-computer business. A subsidiary, Canon 
Computer Systems, in Costa Mesa, California, was stoned in 1992. selling 
machines mainly through big electronics stores and other retailers. 


CURRENCY AND CAPITA! MARKET SERVICES- 




Currency Management Corporation Pic 
Winchester House. 77 London Wall - London EC2M 5T«D 
TeL- 071-382 «*?+5 Fax: 071-382 9t97 


FOREIGN EXCHANGE & GOLD 


24 Hour London Dealing Desk 
Competitive Rates & Daily Fax Sheet 
Cat! fnr further information & bmcJiun- 


"Help! Which markets should I invest in?' 

Gooa question • lor perspective, analysis end answers you should 
read Fultert.1er.ey - the glofcoi sirck-gy Investment teller. 
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rail Kyla Phillips tor a sample iuus (onco only) at Chart Ana ysis (,‘d, 7 Swc’lew 
Street, tendon. V-'tS 7Ht>. UX Tel: London 71 -41? 4961 (07 I in i>.\ er 

Fox: 71 - 439.4066 ritfS? 


For further details 
on bow to place your listing contact: 
PATRICK FALCONER in London 
TeL- (44) 71 836 48 02. 

Fax: (44) 71 240 2254 

HcralkSEribunc. 


sssf I 0 * i 
sits H % A 

sntaubzenMi i-K} <U * ,, 

3 fl { 

j£$ wtlSnSf 1 " a iT 6 ») m m r 

ifilE. l 4 *5 r iK tfc 32 f 


09 —1 

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MM U 1« 

>« 


CHIP: 

Start-Up’s Wager 

Cootmoed from Page 9 

attracting corporate investors who 
should know belter? 

Although Mteroumiy win not 
disclose its backers, companies that 
are rumored to be urvtsonginclude 
Microsoft Corp., Hewlett-Packard 

Co., Tdo-Communications Inc_ U 
S West Inc. and Cray Research Inc. 

Microunity’s designers say that 
with their own factory, they can 
gain advantages in performance 
and quality that are beyond the 
control of the so-called fabless chip 
companies — those without their 
own drip-fabrication plants, or 
fabs. 

Mr. Matthews, 41, has been able 
to save money, buying some of the 
latest drip-making machines for as 
ttttte as 20 cents ou the dollar from 

a large American drip maker that 
be said was anting back. He de- 
clined to identify the seller. Even 
so, tilting at a market populated by 
giants such as Intel Corp., Motor- 
ola Inc. and NEC Crap, would 
seem a quixotic quest. 

John Moussooris, 43, Microuni- 
ty’s founder and chairman, said he 
was pushing toward a type of com- 
puting that more efficiently con- 
verts analog signals such as sound 
agri video into the digital form that 
can be processed by computers. 

Mkrotmity. which has already 
been issued 18 semiconductor pat- 
ents, is attempting to break out of 
the pack of chip makers by starting 
from scratch and rethinking the 
process by which drips are node. 

In the eolaxgpd scale of a conven- 
tional drip blueprint, a dearly visi- 
ble space separates the microsayic 
components of each of the chip's 
millions of memory cells. In the 
Microunity version, that space has 
vanished. That means that each cefl 
can be smaller, faster and cheaper. 

“They're apparently pulling out 
lhe steps on everything,” David 
DitzeL a Sun Microsystems Inc. 
computer designer, said. “One of 
the biggest concerns is: Are they 
trying to do too many things stinuf- 
tancousiyr 


REPUBLIC OF COTE D’IVOIRE 

Union - Discipline - Travail 
OFFICE OF THE PRIME MINISTER 


COMMITTEE FOR THE PRIVATIZATION 
AND RESTRUCTURING OF THE PARASTATAL 
SECTOR 






INVITATION TO TENDER 


•ap va ■» ; ■awt- r. 


PRIVATIZATION OF RUBBER PLANTATION 

ARTICUE 1 - SUBJECT OF THE INVITATION TO TENDER 

The subject of this invitation to tender concerns the CAVALLY rubber 
plantation located in western region of the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire. 

ARTICLE 2 - BEDDING DOCUMENTS 

Bidding documents arc available at the following address: 

COMITE DE PRIVATISATION ET DE RESTRUCTURATION 
DU SECTEUR PARA PUBUC 

6, Boulevard de Plnddnil 
01 BP 1141 ABIDJAN - PLATEAU 
REPUBLIC OF COTE D’IVOIRE 
WEST AFRICA 

Tel: (225)22 22 31/22 22 32 

Fax:(225) 22 22 35 

for a non refundable fee of CFAF 50.000 (fifty thousand CFA francs) in 
cheque addressed to the Comitf de Privatisation (CFAF I = FF 0.01). 

Moling cost for the bidding document is at the expense of the bidder. 

ARTICLE 3 - SUBMISSION OF BIDDING DOCUMENTS 

The bidding documents should be submitted on or before April 15th, 
1994, 18:00 hours GMT at the address indicated above. 

ARTICLE 4 - OPENING OF BIDS 

Bids will be opened on April 18th, 1994 at the Comite de Privatisation in 
Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire. 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24,1994 


NASDAQ 

Wwtnuday's Prices 

NASDAQ prices as of 4 pjn. New York time. 
Tins list compiled by the AP, consists of the 1,000 
most traded securities in terms of dollar value. H is 
updated twice a year. 


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INTERNATIONAL IIKKAI.I* TKIIH'NK. THURSDAY. KEBKIABY 21. 1994 


Page 15^ 


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Feb. 23. 1994 


CREDIT COMMERCIAL DE FRANC E 

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129780 
32S81 
19*97 
1174 
14040 
11*84 
11*0134 
15*54 
73288 
66028 
1477.18 
18*55 
235024 
11171 E 
11888 
1*9.145 
210.99 
99952 
111.14 

1085 

9*81 

21085 

10*55 

99658 

6*81 

68.76 

1875.1* 

11.14 

12S80 
93*87 
M.M 
142*32 
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1430.11 
128U984 ■ 
9*11 
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98883 
2D918M 
132122 
138785 

926 
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1171 91 
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11*288 
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IAS 

927 
116*464 

918.94 

1215* 

121797 

1B2U9 

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32353 

1638*82 

7539784 

18382 

11136 

7594 

1202.14 
1094*19 

13554 

28287 

83493 

44*18 

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4*35 

992 

1186 

171394 

109*07 

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22389452 

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131*23 

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8.75 

23*42 

212B80 

1043.124 

17879* 

107189 

100280 

1822A4 

17794 

7143.9S 

4807 

1198 

33010590 

472*584 

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315.95 
341BJ2 , 
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138184 
138284 
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117383 
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70.19 
132187 
114787 
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12139* 

332880 

15182 

24399 

118072 

277S.T2 

9808S 

21*08 

17.98 

93757 

199.19 
13895 
219.95 

1388 

9983 

1548541 

114*77 

22044 

26*58 

2052280 


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300 it dupfe* cn the top floor end " i jp ar n ncnts of aboui I 60 nr. 



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from i!h> tarrocc of 
■hit charming apartment .which overlooks histone Pont li includes 
2 mjSon mums □ urA Imng-roan and a I -car underground porting oico. 

FEAU Naeily - RAFKE 

TaL (33 1)47 45 23 60 to (33 1)4641 0207 


__ Ilf SAINT 
LOUIS Top clou 
apartment in the 
Bratomifliert I own 
hoota. o jewel of 
lha 1 7 ih century. About 1 90re ! Very light, perfect condition and 
ekcapbonol quality features. 4 mater ceiling height. Parking facilities 
induded 

E1UKSUFREN 61 ba.Au«imde Soften. 75W7 HUK.FRANd 
M. (331)45 67 an fax. |33 1)43 67 16 H 




MOV'i < 


■ mm ‘S easide Ana. 
On #». no* Manna, 
"brood-nre* bidding. 
. «#y lawiout. Mao' 
domical Anhftadu*. Largo sunny terocot Vfo» of fe Ka and of Cop 
cHAil horfaour. 500m- doubts fari ng - room. dining room, 4 bedrooms, 
4 bathroom, fakhan. 

SKH0ND DORA 1m farfupkrf- 3 bn, n. Mecane AfcaMC 98006 MONACO 
TeL (33)95 23 »» to (33) 9354 95 81 








r.^.: ■01-',. 

• • '•'■i . } 


A- 

: a- •• 

m 





mv ,iL 



waw Qvodo bl ocg 
fan Bay of Cmnn 
and tha EelereJ- a very nice Mediterranean property hi* a 3700m 1 
landscaped path plaited wuh ken. Veal reception roo ms , a bedrooms aid 
bethroon u . Caretaker's lodging. Suimcneig pool with overflew mg system. 


M, la CabA 06400 Ones -RANGE TaL (33) 93 90 42 00 to. (33) 933053 30 


V:- * vT'! V' • 

c 


ihf Town center, 
sumptuous 1000 ad 
property Ground 
floor 2 Msioai and " 
dining roam, lit bar. S faedr uum wrih hoAwooms. 2 nd Boon 2 mu ster 
bedrooms, dressing, bathrooms. 150 m- lerroce. Swimming' paoT, 
coetdwr's house, imkf's lodge, 6000 m- landscoped pok- 

OAUWWJUalMilOBUnW. la ftmwim 116400 Cunnai- BAMS- 
1UL (331 93 99 43 00 to. (33) «3 39 53 30 


■as, Marveilooa 
property with a 
panoramic view of the sea omd Manats. "Bob Epaqve* style v ®°- 
cc mpl a udj i redone, luxurious finings. 4flbm : on 3 bah Housx ioofor 
ksdga, Hsdted pool 260ftnl pordeU flef 708 

WBKFK 0QRA to tutA i Ep ai ' * 5 MAtoftmaaaatAfcaAK 91000 MONACO 
-'M (33) 93 35 50 35 to (33) 91 50 95 «1 



H-rn* ,V 1 (. ) { ' i v . ; | N S 

m 

rsa 

st i“" '-rjr\ 


a 10 500 m‘ landscaped peek planted with boas. Swimming pool, peel 
house. Iannis snort. Pnce. 29 000 000 fF Refc 300 


CUtJOt MOUflt >M40ftMK.34, la Geiwila 06400 Oseae 
TaL [33] 9999 41 00 to {331 93395330 



■w Superb inSsh 
in th* South ol 
France, scwol times 
restructured Includes 

a • 'd. centum caufa I 1 800ns on 4 levels). o typKal 222m ! Provencal House 
[$ looms - (oh) a bom iranslormrd into a house 16 rooms) 
9 hectare pan ~ilh a <ysll course swimming pool and minus court 

JOHN TAYIOS, 55 fa CraiscfM 06400 Comtes - FRANCE 
T«L (33) 03 33 00 66 to |33) 93 39 13 65 


THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE 
FOR HOMES, CARS, YACHTS, AIRCRAFT, ARTS, AND PEOPLE... 



mmiNsnuiauNS 

OF THE CftOWK ESTATE 


WE GOMOC VUA. REGENTS WWK . 99 YEAftpCAMN LEASE FOItSALE 

JCiNT SOiE AGB4I5 ! KNKjHT FPANK & 8UTIEY TB. (44) 71 62901 71- 

IASHUM5 3M7 Bata m to m A 6 l| *n» lfl NIIO N WIT WW 

-7 ■TV-rvMM 714*343* town 491 »m : S 



LONDON! 




mw In die heart al 
Kensington. London, 
suporb residences 
—eh axchnne Occam 
Complete privacy and iccuru^ Landscaped gardens -ith pruala 
underground oar park 3 3 bed-ootr. apamikiru'. from ( 340.000 and 4-0 
berkoom houses bom Co'TS.OOO 

KBUiNCION GMGN S3 Makses mod. London WB CNGUNP 
TaL (44) 71 937 7877 to (44) 71 937 3157 


• S;,^’ if 

. . Av t k. ; 


Edo" 




LONDON 




mmv In lha nuddo 
of Kensington in 
London, superb 
residences with 

oxcijsrvr cKCOmmodotrcfi Complete privacy and security Landscaped 
genfant — rth prrvam underground ear park 2-3 bedroom opattmtmls bom 
C 3 - 0.000 and 4-6 bedroom homos bom £ 695.000 

MNSNSiaN GBBN S3 Madecs road, London W8 BMHAND 
TaL (44) 71 937 7877 to (44) 71 937 3T57 



...;--ST I [AN CAL FLKkA! 


-V 


-m 800 m 1 iplerxtd 
Spanish styla villa 
ovorksaLing the bay of Si Joan Cop Fcrrat. Sot in o SlOOnr Finn level 
garden —dfi direct access to the beach Sedudad ivrmvnmg pool «rth a 
breathtalrme vmvr Gcrage and a* port far 8 con. 


PKSITGE IMMOMB 19 bd du GaaM Ladate 06310 BaodfasH 
RANGE Td, (33) 93 01 04 13 to (33) 93 Ol 1 1 96 



CAN N LS 


■h 15 mru hem 
Cannes, WsSonc 27 
acre ed u t e , I nrriid 
at Valxmiw -5oplria 
AnKpolis. Unique 
property suitaUa far - 
private estate, hotel/ resort or development. Maui Homo, (suit in 1967, 
recently refurbished and 6 addtanef buildings ram o d ded into luxurious 
o p ortm u ntv Heated win suing peal and tarns court . Ra£ v/v 1862 

ROTH MM0RH Tm Jnkt da HafHlkr 9, In Mutla 06400 Cmi ■ RAMS 
14.(33)93 397373 Fax. (33)9339 1389 



v..-’ v. v. 1 1 . \ : 


MM SpdlHMl 

m the South of 
tom, sawed tunas 
. . mdnnnd. tadoda# 

alTlhcetAjry coaAellBOOm' on 4 beabLo hpiod 222nrProvsncd house 
(5 raomj + loft); o barn trmufarmed iala a hoot* [6 rooms). 
Sheoarspak widl o gdf course, swi mn eng pool end taimfs court 
JDHNWnOIL 55 JbMmi> 06400 Gama* - RAMIZ 
T(L (33) 93 38 00 66 to (33) 93 39 13 65 





iOUCliVS 


^wPrcVrjicxr, braid 
no— iiHo ovtuloble 
for -Jssrt or bang term 

rcnlol ( fur n idied or 

nriier-ishcdi or far sdc Spocous 100 m living 10cm 6 bedrooms with 
berbroorn 7000 m fandsroped garden *ntn large t—nmnmg pool and 
parcrami: flV. PThtccxi requesr eel .723 

COAST 8 C 0 UN 1 ST . hr Oafa fAougins, Chenmi de Vo) Ffemi 
06259 Mm^in - FUNS TeL (33 1 93 75 31 07 to (33) 93 90 02 36 


•fa ■'-■'‘■■■us- "" 



CANNES 


A,, 

ii.i-’A-i- ;v'> \ 


MEaceploral i«o 
storey pcnthsuje 
spcrimenr feemg 
due Sad- onv< ihe 
Say d Corn® let i" 
several hectares ot 
private parkland 3—imminj poof, tennis end practice gotf. 320m "wo 
living- reams, separate Qnm-g ream £ bednevns 4 btuhreems. I4«m o* 
oardjn terretes 

BRUCC MTUNADONM. MOPStTISS 
team dn Hsa. C6U9 - BatsAxt let tai ■ RJKI -Td, 133)91 6V HU Ax (33) 91 77 17 » 
2 MxUpAr Mnn lunfav mt 1 1 II OKUSB TaLtaqTI 121 7793 ha. (49)71 519 «S79 


x- ST [LAN CAP EERRAT 




MiVVcanide property 
widi pmota quay and 
mooring bony. Main 
hou* w*h 2 bodeoms, 
50 re Irvmg room, 
T >n- v rerreses Fcnruuon la build 2 more bedrooms Guest house wirh 4 
oeorocriD. rvmg room and 2 mdep subs Ban. 4 garages Ref 274 . 


CtoA H a 06310 -togHtMles Hat - fUM U. 133)93096931 to (33) 07717 59 
LH omtU vAei u Iredov w7 HU QtCmWl TeL(M)71 U37791 to (44) 71 094X79 




Magnificent 
house luxuriously 
appointed of about 240nr facing dun south in idsout 1 20Ckn' of pretty 
wooded gcaden Enchanting view of 4» sea Garage. 


15bd AlmthrOfMO Aato ■ FUKE • M. pq « M » 76 to p)3) 0 31 14 3 
41 M toady OMKO CvdMto ■ »««> U. (33) 0 6799 00 . to (33) « 0 4691 



m\ 

VI LLA N YACHT 



_ Prr: s vi He ora 

a sa4ng /ecu lor a 
vert wtd holiday foxoiw £ dorsr., .png *c Carnbesr «ii*- 4 ±w m c 
'J’j* viFa 6vodrur-.- ( lu Iri sro -liomvoT-v-i 

RH5T VUiA HOTli 36 me da CavrccHes 7500A Paris - FHANCI 
TcL 133 1)53 75 00 00 to j331) 53 75 06 80 




RIVIERA 


ij. 


Moeresque 

'rh-Wrr. srmsaevi heasne house ti i 900 m- luamert landscaped park 
sdtfJo nnitet's henne un a KCm Lmd area Swr u nnsg pools, guests' 
houv c amcinr s house bwjr's garage Price and infarmaton on re qu e tf 

CABMCT RAVEYAE Resideocfl Miramar 83600 Port Ifaejus - FRANCE 
TeL |33( 94 53 35 37 to (331 94 52 TOW 


ff-sgt aeiw— 

•J..V S vi-Mvi". imMM — IncU^v, hoLdo/s 
m Jqmovcn or Sum! 
Marl r Fu 11 Villa 

Hotel welcomes you 
cl i*’r 3n;:-n and -sc: 'o -ill ,7 ji nnr{> -o-rre-.' cor uvcu r sions 
•> dr- sp.xrs rjoll meat, lour halufc/’ 3ru rsihivfv drrea*rd Kr plcovne 

Vsxhixe 150 FF) i»fa -nr-ynsat-en 

FUST VUA HOTEL 36 ret de CtHittdes 75008 Pars ■ FSANQ 
TaL (33 1)53 75 Oft 00 to (33 1)5375 06 SO 



MOnopdvcaeaflto 
. o fomfy property of 
3S3m* an abod 5000m- of graunds pkntad with a variety of mat. Haciad 
MmiMigpocd Pool home. Sumrarldtehan. Qtidily fmrdiing) iiroughout. 





— 300 m- - now 
bo Urdu on 2200m 1 
rdf grounds with viasv 
of 810 lea, on 6m edge of a 18 holes gefi. A 80 n" tving rotx" Fu6y 
equipped kmhen. 3 bethroorm. 3 bedroom. 2 rooms raid o ssudro Eke. 
370 m- terrace . Sw sn sing poeL 

CABHT BAVZY1S RbkfaM Miramar 83600 Port Mpc- FRANCE 
TeL ( 33 } M 53 35 37 to (33) 91 52 M 95 


hi Far these who 
LTr the "rcncr fiavr 
ci ?-a<e-c<! cr t”e 
Ar-.hislicei'cn o' ibe 

F'Vijre r 7H rt-ifr- 

cr 1 c'^.-pnoral jucctran of '5c; srj asmcp-vc ccsces in .-RATLC5. 

■'OPSlC* iTilV :nc iPAIN Jocf-u-e 1 10 fr) and iirfafmj":on- 

FBST VUA HOIS. 36 rua da CoureeBes 75008 Paris - RANQ 
TeL (33 1)53 75 00 00 to [33 1)53 75 06 80 


-•**-' ' :**} $rm- 





MUSTIQUE 


— Gingerbread 
irunpicd riAy ror rant 
m o rofm gtewe on 
I’AnseeOr Beach 
Ind'idr. mam h : m i* 
and 2 bunqalv^i 
Ac€o«^ 10 

bcc^i •r-i ;vrs-nirvg p»> “net- 5 35^ 3 »n4 mcludn COoL. 

maid a-tl 4 ~h-.tJdr.ve ;s- Cdwr viBo-. ror tem rnjm S 3500 lo 5 8500 a 
«r«L. unes 

METIS, ill n» du Genera! Henry 1. 75017 Pali* ■ FRANCE 
7cL[33 1 i 46 27 35 25 Fox. ,53 I) *6 27 74 06 


UWABraHffOMeOAMfe-FUNaU[331«134BS» Fax. (31) 93 34 14 22 
41MtoeJ y 0|M6Cep<fcAm-IWIWgTelW936799W to. (0)93 67 60 92 







' — t 20 M. Gdh 

. . ■ cruiser 1991 wbfi 

dorxjfa'coons ol w*> b aft ranne. 60 so£og hours. 2 MAN EM IOC 
CV Turbo tnginei Cruising speed. X knots. Gw e ai p ee d one veer C 
spmts parts' and bbmr. fW 500000QFF 

OAllDE HUIUI MimsnaVbCkaaena 66400 Camsei- FIANCE 
faL (33) «S 99 42 00 to (Sq 93 39 53 30 



>0 CARIBBEAN 



For -hose wno 

searen rpr xxeuvn 
mid !u. r Jr. P«V hqi 
uilociod :nn mos- 
mcgn.t.eon" .-'b: 
bom Fiendarhwa 
■h# -Grease met rese 
n'l around the Caribbean vuu "Hi VIRGIN I jLAf-Di 3 A 2 b~iCGS. 
MUSTIGL'E 51 IL)CIA ME*ICC> SmuTC 30 .VINGO .‘Af/Ai Z* 
•uUAJ^ilCIJf'E. MAT 1 DKI 5 » zeX'jn ;K Ff 1 frij jrfarrr.Svjn 

FSST VUA Horn 36 rue da Caundles 75008 Paris - TRANCE 
TeL (33 1) S3 7J 00 CO to |33IJ 53 75 0680 


iUNIOUE 


THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL 
MAGAZINE FOR HOMES , 
CARS, YACHTS, AIRCRAFT, 
ARTS, AND PEOPLE... 



r£s A M B R L .; v 1 A R I N I; i 





■w Arr£re Manna 

oBarsygudlasdiAn>« 

cruising pragnnnmu in Matfaarrnneao an board lha. bneat 
yachts. All our yachai ore prvatrfy owned and (ally crawed «sr a 
for bore boat cheater*, ror farther m feresoWbn. pUcna c o ntacF . 

AM8KE AUUfflKE. T«L (33) 04)38 8027 - fax* (33) M 38 8036 


anucuuTE. 

MOKmrjum 


Ml broay dtonotioa A (me iraofafaHhH booratdawhiwaSt 
OAUMU*. SCHMin. Firmed. " 

TeL (33)93 382270, fox. {33} 93992585 *■ 


To advertise in UKiQUE, please aorfact 
Afeoxlra Guilard or Veronica Mantos on 
TeJ.: |33 1} 42 3) 81 00 or Fnc (33 1)42 24 00 72 


.\a ■ \ ; • : '\i. • - 



FORSAU 


_ 20 m Matax^ 

Yacht 5 665.000. 
Qua&y derived from yeert of treeitfan. Superb rough sea bonding Hand 
fitted aid finished. 2 * 735 Hp CM. 29 hnoh. 4 cabins al teSb was 
faetlfies Enduswe agent dtro u g h out Europe: 

AOUAMARINt YACHTS SA. Head Office Swtaeatod. I'" - 
Tel fftl) 21 S03 0751. Fen. (41) 21 Ml 1212. ' 


mmmrnmm 



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AND SELECT 
OMjnn 


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t'd^knorafdnar WM, ocatenmodofc^fa^ie tf** ^ ^ 
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hager ytxfa "Ppflreandy - owner putdtoiing q 

_ WBII WOOD M. sray-i xM 

, «- OSA. (905542541 1 f . fa*. ^ 





















Ife 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBI NE. THURSDAY. FEBRI AR\ 24. 1994 


of the 




HMTOMCOP 
OUKM 

wunar 

o»t® yachts 

« Cruiu ihe 
M®*hf"Meon gi 

M» *».to Rh ktyZ cn,<vng *8: «l 

ta u *-s?.ssrirL ists: 



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_ .. orotoryoih! m»i *wr 

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and fawdr exa m , ij fardfei fetor by gnq r g B mi Very tedi^pnic 
1 0»000fftrf>. ferM.fennateoptee aMacttMofeaMcaxicu hence 

WINNER. TaL (33) *3 49 74 04 - Fan. (33) 92 97 64 47 



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foasau 

AtSOAVAHABU 

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^ru.-a r • ? °T^r Jp"*“**roams kf Ju»3 OT >. For 

rTty^, 0 ^*^ 01 "" 8 *® *?* 4 **» >inv»»r<m. 
; fah*w*«i«c6cmplcowcni»tfew,*coii»Ai(ft*».Fiw* 

^WWWWP « CHE 5 TQM a «m» , . - ■ 

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AZI :V\UT 90 


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May ^2 tmd buA 

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France 

Tat (33) 93 34 44 S3 - Fox. (33) 93 34 93 74 

y A« Stfr-Tat'A K't-fcTfWS*?. 


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CAWS 4 MORMONS tandea. U ( 44 ) 71 491 2050 . Fax ( 44 ) 71 .639 2064 


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Storrfim Tochhog t-nidad. 77<S>oweno> Squont Ion don WR tlf • fee'd 
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THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE 
FOR HOMES, CARS , YACHTS, AIRCRAFT, ARTS, AND PEOPLE. 



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MERLE WOOD & ASSOCIATES 
TaL UJ. (30S)-525-S11l - Fox. UJ. (305 J- S25 SI65 


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_ 143' [49 BOm) 
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dnjtie Jateroeme Shtuntofi nfetor Acorby Don »*tojr 

MERU WOOD A 4350CU7K 
Tat LL5- J305)-S25^n T.* Pox. LtS. (305)- S25-516S 



HELICOPTER 

RENTALS 

h'ybdtwfcflyfendrir*. lUoeptor renfe -Cfex 
FVmg o*t fto«h. a LT-WUE cxperxnee » V»c houe 

FOR REFORMATION, CONTACT UOIUD 
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Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24,1994 


SPORTS 


Star- Short Women’s TennisRobsthe Cradle Again 




By Robin Finn 

' ,Vf» York Tima Seruce 

NEW YORK — The promoters say defi- 
niiely. Her coach says maybe. Her father 
' says possibly. Her mother says why so 
soon. The sponsors say hurry up already. 

What the player herself says is that she 
wants to compete this August in the Virgin- 
. ia Slims or Los Angeles in Manhattan 
Beach. California, an upscale seaside haunt 
' she rarely glimpsed from Compton, Cali- 
fornia, the downscale suburb where sbe 
spent her wonder years before relocating to 
Florida at age 1 1 to begin taking in tennis 
every which way but intravenously. 

Women's tennis, which launches its un- 
tested teenage phenomenons with all the 
hoopla that once attended the christening 
of luxury liners, is about to unveil another 
one. If 13-year-old Venus Williams spies a 
queen or movie star heading her way with a 
Champagne bottle aloft, she'd better duck. 

The women's lour, temporarily sponsor- 
less and suddenly star-starved now that 
Monica Seles and Jennifer Capriati have 
. put peace of mind ahead of their marquee 


value, is crossing its fingers. With a pro- 
posed age-eligibility change taking the 
slow boat to fruition, there's still time for 
Venus, who turns 14 in June, to get in 
under the wire — and get to work. 

There hasn't been this much tension over 
the imminent arrival of a phenom since the 
tennis hierarchy tinkered with its age-eligi- 
bility rule to give Capriati, now a former 
player at 17. quick access at 13. 

Actually, Venus Williams has been sail- 
ing steadily toward the tennis limelight 
ever since her father, Richard, with an 
adman's flair for phrasing, dubbed her a 
ghetto Cinderella when she was 10. Every 
management conglomerate from IMG to 
Don King has offered to be her Prince 
Charming on the business front. And her 
preferred version of glass slippers are sup- 
plied gratis by Reebok. a company poised 
to outfit her with endorsements the instant 
sbe turns professional. 

Thai could be anytime now if one listens 
to the tournament promoters angling to 
make their venues the site of her debuL She 
hasn't competed in anything except show- 


case exhibitions in nearly three years, but 
already the arguments about where and 
when Williams breaks onto the WTA Tour 
are heating up. 

Last week, the promoters of San Diego’s 
Toshiba Tennis Classic, in the midst of 
announcing a sponsor switch from Mazda 

The debate Is already 
raging about when and 
where Venus Williams, 
the latest teen phenom, 
makes her tour debut. 

to Toshiba, failed to deny the suggestion 
that Venus Willi ams had chosen their Au- 
gust event for her launching pad. The news 
media obligingly began to herald the com- 
ing spectacle as if it were a confirmed deal. 
The promoters claimed Rick Maori, Ve- 
nus's on-again. off- again coach, did not 
quash their hopes. Macci says he did. but 
apparently was misunderstood. 


“I spoke to Richard about it,” said 
Maori, “and he said no to San Diego, and 
that if she does play it will be in Manhattan 
Beach, which is only logical since the fam- 
ily comes from near there." 

Macci said he has encouraged W illiams 
to let Venus turn professional this summer. 

“If she’s in a position to capitalize on 
endorsements at 14. sbe should take it once 
they indeed decide to let her start compet- 
ing.” Macci said. “The only reason to play 
as an amateur is if she's going to college/* 

“All I know is that Venus is ready to get 

out there and fight." he said. 

Lynne Rolley. the United States Tennis 
Association's director of coaching for 
women’s tennis and its link to the Williams 
family, is taking an opposite view. 

“My hope is that they start Venus as an 
amateur," said Roliev. "There's nothing 
wrong with playing a few tournaments and 
testing the warns to see where she stands, 
but I don't want to see a big pro debut and 
all the pressures that go with it.'' 

No doubt there will be ample fodder for 
misunderstanding as Venus Williams, who 


is taking the plunge into the women's cir- 
cuit without the benefit of any standard; 
junior seasoning, stakes oul her territory. ' 

“Venus has made the request to us that 
sbe wants to play at Manhattan Beach,” 
said Brandi Williams, the player's mother, . 
who so far has expressed only reluctance 
about the early pressures and perils inher- 
ent in her daughter's career choice. “But 
it’s all still up in the air.” 

In any case, Jerry Diamond, promoter oT 
the Manhattan Beach event, . has a wild 
card ready for Venus W illiams. Diamond 
said he is a proponent of ^limiting the num- 
ber of events a 14-year-old can play:' . . 

“But 1 don't think 14- and 13-^iar-dds 
should be shot out especially now when 
tournaments are suffering with secondary 
fields because two of the best playm are 
out," Diamond said. “Women's tennis 
doesn't have any personalities and thatV 
what sells the sport” 

Wonder if Venus Williams, who wants to 
be a player, knows she's signing on as a 
saleswoman, too? 


f Mr. Clutch’ lifts No. 21 Boston College 


The Awaaud Press 

It was two years ago that Gerrod Abram 
earned the nickname “Mr. Clutch" for making 
; three consecutive game-winning shots for 
No. 21 Boston College. 

And the senior buried a well-defensed 3- 
pointer at the buzzer Tuesday night to give the 
visiting Eagles an 80-77 victory over Pittsburgh. 

COLLEGE BASKETBALL 

It was his third chance to give his team the 
victory in the last 33 seconds. 

"1 was fortunate the coaches believed in me." 
Abram said. “Some guys wouldn't give you 
another opportunity." 

Boston College's coach. Jim O’Brien, de- 
signed the last play for Abram, even if it wasn't 
quite what was drawn on the clipboard. 

Abram's first two chances ended with missed 
' layups after length-of-tbe-court passes. The 
first came with the Eagles f!9-7. 10-5 Big East) 
leading 77-74. Sotiris Aggelou of Pin ( 13-1 1. 7- 
' 9) tied it with a 3- pointer with 17 seconds left. 

Boston College again in bounded with a long 
pass to Abram, who missed another close shot. 
Pitt threw the boll out of bounds rat its posses- 
sion and the Eagles had the ball back with six 
seconds left. Abram went toward the right base- 
line and launched the shot over Ahmad Shareed, 


giving the Eagles their eighth victory in 10 games 
and the Panthers iheir sixth straight loss. 

Abram finished with 1 1 points and was 2-for- 
3 from 3- point range. Malcolm Huckaby had 24 
points for the Eagles and Bill Curley had 23 
points and 12 rebounds. 

Eric Mobley had 20 points and 13 rebounds 
for the Panthers, while Orlando Antigua had 19 
points on 5-for-6 shooting from 3-point range. 

No. 1 Ar kansas 74, Georgia 65: The Razor- 
backs (21-2. 11-2 Southeastern Conference) 
won their ninth in a row as Scotty Thurman had 
25 points. Georgia (12-13. 6-7) trailed 70-52 
with 2:56 left and was able to close the maigin 
at home in the fl nal 63 seconds when Tv Wilson 
came in and hit three 3-pointers. Carlos Strong 
led the Bulldogs with 13 points. 

No. 3 MicMgM 79, DEoois 70: The Wolver- 
ines (20-4, 1 2-2 Big Ten) also won their ninth in 
a row and reached the 20-victory mark for the 
third straight year, the same amount of time the 
Fab Four has been around Ann Arbor. Jalen 
Rose had 24 points and Jnwan Howard added 
21 for Michigan, which led 60-42 with 1 1:36 to 
play. Illinois ( 14-8. 7-6) closed within 75-70 
with 34 seconds to play. Deon Thomas and T. J. 
Wheeler each had 16 points for the Illini. who 
are 0-6 against the Fab Five. 

No. S Connecticut 74, Miami 49: The Huskies 
(23-3. 13-2) clinched at least a share of the Big 


East regular-season title as Donyell Marshall 
had eight of his 19 points in a 34-second span in 
the second half to give the visitors a 57-37 lead. 
Constantin Popa had 18 points for the Hurri- 
canes (7-16, 0-15), who lost their school-record 
13th straight game. 

Na 8 Temple 65, Duquesne 61: Rick Brun- 
son was 6- for- 10 from 3-point range and fin- 
ished with a career-high 3 1 points as the visiting 
Owls (20-4. 12-3 Atlantic 10) won their third 
straight since Coach John Chaney received his 
one-game suspension for threatening the Mas- 
sachusetts coach after a loss. Fr eshman Tom 
Pipkins had 22 points for the Dukes ( 1 4-9, 7-6). 

No. II Massachusetts 99, St Joseph’s 73: 
The Minuiemen (22 -5, 12-1 Atlantic 10) had a 
season-high on the offensive end as they 
avenged last week's loss to the Hawks ( 1 1-13. 3- 
1 1 ) at Philadelphia. 

Virginia 73, No. 23 Georgia Tech 72: The 
Cavaliers (14-9. 8-6 ACC) ended a nine-game 
losing streak to Georgia Tech as freshman Har- 
old Deane's two free throws with 28 seconds 
left in overtime stood up as the game-winners. 
Travis Best, who finished with 24 points for the 
visiting Yellow Jackets ( 14-10, 5-8). worked the 
.clock down and drove the lane only to have his 
shot graze the from of the rim. The rebound 
was tied up with 1.2 seconds left and the arrow 
favored Virginia. 


A Heavyweight Offer. 
Jordan as Tide Contender 

The Associated Press 

TOTOWA. New Jersey — As if Michael Jordan did not already 
have his hands full trying to hit baseballs. 

On Tuesday, the boxing promoter Dan Duva offered Jordan a 
chance to fight the Evander Holyfidd-Michad Moorer winner for 
the heavyweight title — ami guaranteed the former National Basket- 
ball Association star and rookie Chicago White Sox outfielder $13 
million. 

“I wouldn't fight him if I had a gun,” said the 198-pound (90- 
kilogram) Jordan, referring to HoiyfieUL That's crazy.” 

This offer is not a joke;” Duva said. “We are 100 percent serious. 
It seems that Mr. Jordan loves the challenge of proving be is the best, 
regardless of the sport. I would like to offer Michael the ultimate 
individual sport c halleng e, an opportunity to fight for the heavy-, 
weight championship of the world.” 

He added: “While this idea might seem crazy, remember, in the 
'60s, Muhammad Ali and Wfli Chamberlain were dose to finalizing 
arrangements for Wilt to challeng e Ali for the world heavyweight 
championship. The deal feQ apart when Ali — not Wilt — backed 
out." 

Duva said the proposed bom would take place in November in 
Las Vegas. Alone with a guaranteed $15 million. Duva said Jordan 
could negotiate for a percentage of the gross revenue, which, the 
promoter claimed, could be worth a total of more than S25 million. 

Duva is Holyfielcfs promoter. Hotyfield and Moorer win fight 
April 22 in Las Vegas for the IBF and WBA title belts. 


SIDELINES 


While Sox Won’t Trade McDowell 

SARASOl 

didnotplan k 

has promised that be ' 

* McDbwdl wasingpred after he went w salary 
straigfatwinterMdi^t for the second tune. He was awarded SbJnwu™ 

Ron Sctader said on Tuesday. Sdmeler has not ivied out a long term, 
deal with McDowefl. 

First Norwegiaiis in Oxford Crew 


MordCambndge Boat Race. ' ^ vears 

The AmericanrioeMcbcls, wtwcaptaincdCMorfsviw ryt^y ^ 

ago, returns for his fourth Boat Race as the dark Wf£**“l* 
avenge Iasi year’s surprise defeat. He is joined for ite March26 ifl t j2 
the brothers Sverke and Snorre Lorges. who rowed for Norway m the 
confess pairs at the Olyiqpics and last year's World ChampiWKhr^- 

Another American, Jon Bernstein, is one of four 
Cambridge's'crew and.wffl serve as captain. The team afco tS 

Olympic and World Championship medalists Peter HOltzenbeui ana 
Thdrsten StreppeihofT of Germany. Elizabeth CMcfc tafords .wing 
coxswain from the 1992 race, returns to the front of- the boat this year to 
become the second woman to take part in two Boat Races. 

Doctors Optimistic About Williams 

- GAINESVILLE, Florida CAP) — Ted Williams showed signs of 
iinpnwwwnt three days after a minor stroke; and doctors were optimistic 
that he would regain strength in his weakened left side. 

The baseball Hall of Famer-remamed in. fair condition at a hospital, 
where a spokesman said Williams, 75, had a limited field of vision, but 
that emphasized he had not lost his sight entirely. 

“He’s still very alert and has been sittiiigup, talking and joking around 
a lot," said the spokesman, Daniel Moore; “The physicians are encour- 
aged by his attitude." •• • ' 

Havelange to Seek New FIFA Term 

NEW YORK (Reuters) — Joflo Havdange, preskhatt of FIFA, has 
publicly disriiiissed recent media speculation that he might soon quit as 
head of the world soccer body. 

Addressing journalists cm Tuesday before a two-day FIFA World Cup 
meeting here, Havdange, 77| set the record straight Head of FIFA for 
nearly 20 years and facing re-election this year, Havelange said that “in 
the face of the published rumors" he had met the presidents of all five 
soccer confederations within FIFA. He said all five had confirmed his 
nomination and asked trim to run for another four-year term. 

Throughout my life, whenever I have been elected 1 have never stood 
down," he said. ‘T am going to the end of my mandate." 

For the Record 

Heavy snow in northern England forced the postponement on Wednes- 
day of the second leg of the English League Cop soccer semifinal between 
Sheffield Wednesday and Manchester United at Sheffield’s Hillsborough 
stadium. The match was rescheduled for March 2. (APf 

The Japanese-New Zealand yacht ToHo cut Intntm Justhia's lead to 12 
nautical notes Wednesday on the fourth leg of the Whitbread Round the 
World Race. ...... (AP) 


SCORfiSOJIRD 




NBA Standings 


EASTERN CONFERENCE 
Atlantic DhrbJoo 



W L 

Pet 

SB 

New York 

36 16 

.6*2 

— 

Orlando 

36 to 

M0 

5 

Mloml 

27 25 

JH9 

9 

NewJeriev 

2ft 25 

510 


Boston 

20 32 

JUS 

16 

Philadelphia 

20 32 

J85 

16 

' Washington 

16 36 

JOB 

22 


Central Division 



Allanlo 

35 16 

686 

— 

Chicago 

35 16 

686 

— 

Cleveland 

28 24 

538 

Ti 

Indiana 

26 24 

J20 

Bte 

Chariot to 

23 to 

.451 

12 

Milwaukee 

15 38 

283 

21 

Detroit 

13 39 

255 

2ZVS 

WESTERN CONFERENCE 



Midwest Division 



w L 

Pci 

GB 

Houston 

37 13 

J40 

w 

San Antonia 

39 14 

.736 

— 

' Utah 

34 14 

642 

5 

Denver 

25 27 

.481 

liW 

Minnesota 

15 36 

2« 

to 

Dallas 

7 46 

.132 

32 


PadHC Division 



Seattle 

37 13 

.740 

— 

Phoenix 

34 16 

688 

3 

Golden State 

31 to 

408 

6te 

Pori land 

31 21 

594 

7 

- LA Laker* 

19 31 

280 

18 


Sacramento IB 34 3v> JO 

LA Clippers 17 33 340 20 

TUESDAY'S RESULTS 
Seattle 23 23 IS 2S-*J 

Now York IT 1< 17 J2-« 

S: Kemp 9-16 3-4 21, Perkins 7-I6M 17. N.Y.: 
Ewing 6-79 9-10 22. Starks 11-27 6-7 30. R* 
baands — Seattle A3 (Kemp 171, Now York 59 
(Oaklev 1». Assists— Seattle 34 < Paxton, 
Askew 8). New York 17 tSIorks 4). 

IWoml 33 M 76 30—123 

Now Jersey 32 1* 18 38— *7 

M: Rice 10-1704 21. Smith 5-1 1 8-1071. N J.: 
Newman 4-11 6-4 14, Williams 7-11 l-l IS. Re- 
bawds — Miami 67 (Soikaly 10}, New Jersey 
37 (Beniamin 9). Assist*— Miami 33 (Snow ai. 
New Jersey 28 (Wallen 71. 

Minnesota 12 34 22 23— 81 

Cleveland 29 31 33 21— 1H 

M: Lnettner 9-20 3-7 21. Rifler 7-14 0-1 14. C: 
Nance 9-13 4-( 22, Daugherty 8-13 3-3 19. Re- 
bound*— Minnesota 54 iLongtov 131, Cleve- 
land 54 (HIII tOl. Ass ist s M innesota 22 IC 
williams SI. CUvriand 30 (Price 10). 

Dallas 23 » 33 29—101 

Indiana 23 32 21 39—107 

D: Mtnhbum 6-14 2-A 1ft, Jackson ?-n 5-5 23. 
i: Smlts 11-17 SO 77. Miller 703 B-6 23. Re- 
bound*— Dallas S3 (Jones 7). Indiana S3 
(Smlls 111. Assists— Dallas 21 (Jackson 5). 
■ndlona 30 (workman III. 

Golden Slate 21 34 23 31—117 

Milwaukee 24 28 2t II— IIJ 

G: Sprcwell 11-21 10-13 34, Mulllnl 2-204-4 28. 
M: Baker 10-17 1-4 21, Day 11-25 4-5 27. Re- 
bounds— Golden State 42 l Mull in 71. Milwau- 
kee 5A (Day 11). Assists— Golden Slate 33 
(Johnson 15). Milwaukee 20 (Murdock 7). 
Denver 21 19 28 29—97 

Houston 28 27 21 


D; Ellis 9-11 1-2 19. R. Williams 6-tft 3-3 IS. 
Mutombo 5-9 5-5 IS. H: Horry 6-16 6-8 IB, 
Olaiuwon 15-28 3-4 31 Rebounds— Denver 47 
(R. Williams. Mutombo 10). Houston si 
(OlaiuYwr 13). Assists— Denver 25 (Abdul- 
Rauf A), Houston 39 1 Maxwell 81. 

Boston 25 25 30 13-91 

Sacra am la 28 21 24 22-99 

B; Douglas 9-16 3-7 21. McOonlel 10-1924 22. 
5: Tisdale 9-21 24 30b Richmond C-l« 9-10 KJ. 
Rebounds— Boston 63 (Fa* 15), Sacramento 
44 (Simmons, Tisdale 8). Assists— Boston 20 
(D. Brown 8), Sacramento 24 (Richmond 8). 
LA Clippers 29 26 26 36—117 

Portland 31 38 25 26—120 

l—A.: Atamlna 14-25 7-735, Vauoht 7-1034 17. 
Harper 7-20 W 17. P: Strickland MS 8-10 24, 
Orenler 6-16 34 is. Rebound*— Los Angeles 58 
(Spencer 10), Portland $8 iB.Willionis 14). 
Assists— Los Anaeles 29 1 Harper, G. Grant 61, 
Portland 79 (Strickland 151. 

Major College Scores 

Armv 87, Hotstra 76 

Boston College 80. Pittsburgh 77 

Massachusetts 99. 51. Joseph's 73 

New Hampshire eg. Holy Cross 84 

RWer 89. Fatrieish Dickinson 81 

Temple 65. Duquesne 61 

Vlllanava 70, Georgetown 64 

Arkansas 74. Georgia 65 

Auburn •». Southern Miss. 73 

Austin Peov 87. Middle Tenn. ftS 

Connecticut 74, Miami 49 

Virginia 73, Georgia Tech 72. OT 

Wake Foresi BO. Clcmsan <9 

Kansas SI. 71. Mo.- Kansas Clhr 58 

Michigan 79, iiHnois 78 

Lovala Marvmounl 73. Sacra memo St. 71 


NHL Standings 


EASTERN CONFERENCE 
Atlantic Division 

W L T Pt9 
38 16 4 80 

31 » 8 78 

28 26 6 62 
26 23 10 60 
28 29 4 60 

24 28 6 S4 

22 31 8 52 

Northea st Division 
Boston 30 » 11 71 

Montreal 31 22 


NY Ranger* 
New Jersey 
Washington 
Florida 
Philadelphia 
NY islanders 
Tampa Bay 


GF GA 
210 152 
209 163 
191 181 
16» 165 
218 233 
195 191 
161 182 


8 70 


Pittsburgh 

Buffalo 

Quebec 

Hartford 

Ottawa 


193 166 
205 177 
29 20 11 69 216 215 
203 162 
189 204 
175 207 
149 275 


30 24 
23 31 
21 33 
9 44 


Toronto 

Detroit 

Dallas 

St. Louis 

Cnicuaa 

Winnipeg 


WESTERN CONFERENCE 
Central Division 

W L T PIS GF GA 
33 17 

35 19 
33 21 
31 21 
27 26 


17 


77 206 170 
75 265 204 
73 220 1«5 
70 195 19* 
61 178 169 
41 178 253 


Colon rv 
Vancouver 
San Jose 
Anaheim 
Los Angeles 
Edmonton 


Podftc Division 
31 21 10 
29 28 3 

22 27 II 

23 34 4 

21 32 6 

15 38 9 


72 229 191 
61 302 198 
55 170 198 
50 170 IBS 
48 217 235 
39 184 229 


TUESDAY’S RESULTS 
Florida 1 2 0—3 

Winnipeg ■ 1 1—2 

First Period: F-Me handy 22 (Severyn, Nle- 
dermayer). Second Period: F-Hough 5 (Fib- 
geraid); Mi) P Borneo 14 (Lomakin. Mur- 
phy); (OP). W-LeBlonc I (Quintal. Ramaduk). 
Third Period: w-RomanulX 1 (Steen. Mir- 
onov); (pp).sbMiangoal: F (anOTlein) 8-14- 
TO—rn w (on vanMesbraadil 10- mo-42. 
Cnlgeev 3 0 1 8-4 

Vancouver 2 11 8-4 

First Period: V-Bune 35 (CourtnaM. Od- 
llck); C-Ninuwendvi(36 (Slenv Petit) : C-Rob- 
erts 25 (Nleuwendvk. Stern); V-Caurfnall 
ZLC-Reithel 30 tKeamer); (m»). Second Pe- 
riod; V-Bure 36 (Craven. Bobvch). Third Pe- 
riod: C-Rektol 71 (Roberts. Mod mis); (pp). 
V-Raming 17 (Bure. CourtnaH); (pp). Shota 
on goal: C (on McLean) WMM— 28. v (on 
Odd) 9-13*0-81. 


BASEBALL 
American Lcoon 

BALTIMORE— Agreed lo terms with Jett 
Tackett, catcher, John ODonoohue. pitcher, 
and Sherman Obamto outfleMer, on 1-year 
contra cts. Released Henry Cotto. outAeWar. 
tram a minor-league contract. 

BOSTON— Acquired Mott StatrtAWfffeldBr. 
and Pen Young, pitcher, Irom Montreal for 
player la be named and cash. 

CALIFORNI A A g r e e d to terms wan Er- 
nest Riles. InfletchHvan mbior-leeaue contract 
and mm J.T. Snow. 1st baseman, and Rod 
Correia, IndcMcr, an 1-year cantrads- 

CHICAGO WHITE SOX— Agreed to terms 


wtth Terry Leadi pitcher, on mtaor-taagar 
contract . 

CLEVELAND — Acreedto terms wtth Gree 
Brilev, outfleMer, an mfaw-taague contract 

MILWAUKE E A greed la tarns wflh Mar- 
shall BosA Tyrone HID and Frandscn Cones 
pitchers. Duane Snaletan and Derek wacMer. 
outfleMers. and Mike Stafaakl, catcher. 

MINNESOTA— Acquired shown Bryant 
Pll.dier, from Oevetond lor plo yer_-ta.be 
nomad later. D es ignated Gary Scat). lafMd- 
•r. tar assignment.. Agreed to terns, wtth Alex 
Coia.i»tflelder,Mminoi4eaDue contract and 
with Mortv Cordova. outfleMer; Sieve Duns 
Infletder; and Mike Durant and Lamry- Web- 
star, catchers, an T-veor eonlr ucta . 

N.Y. YANKEES— Agreed to terns wtth 
Dave SHvestrLbifMder.on 1-year contract. 

OAKLAND— Agreed to term* with Dickie 
Than. hifieWer. on minor-league contract. 

SEATTLE— Agreed to tenn* wflh Roger 
Satkeld and Bobby Ayala, pttcfcere, and BHI 
HaseHnan, catcher, an 1-year com mas . 

TEXAS-^Agreod to terms with Kevin 
Brawn, pitcher; BenH GH end Dost WHsarv 
hi R etoers. on 1-year contracts. 

TORONTO— Agreed to terms with Pot 
Hontgen pitcher, and Ed Sprague and Eddie 
Zoskv, InfieJdera, an 1-yecr contract s . 

ATLANTA— Agreed toterms wtth Tony 
Graftmtoa. brOeMer. and Tony Tarawa, out- 
fielder, an l-vear contra c ts. 

CHICAGO CUBS ■ A greed to terms with 
Frank Castilla, Larry Luefabers ana Rafael 
Navoo. pitchers, on 1-year coal rads. 

CINCINNATI— Signed Doug Jenninas, let 
b u ye r iiim idpadgned him to lnd)nnaPo lta .AA- 

FLO RIDA— Named Donald Smllev pred- 


dent. Agreed » terms wHh Brat Bmher1c,2d 
baseman, an 1-year contract. 

HOUSTON— Agreed to terms wtth Darryl 
K|to,p|tclwr.and Eddie Tauberaeb catcher, 
on 1-year contracts. ‘ 

LOS AMOELES— Agreed lo terms with 
Todd wmunns and John DaSilva pHchera. 
and Hennr RaGrlaucz aid Raul ftftanded, out- . 
fleiders.'l-rear conhract*: Stoned Jose Paim 
pMOhor. to Lvtor coutropL - -. - 

. MONTREAL— Aaneedt utoi i i t s wt l hGUHe- 
redta Pitctwr. and ,Gt*«) Morray. outfleMer, 
an 1 -vear contracts. ' 

N.Y. METS— Agreed ta-tonns wUfa. Brook 
Fardvee. catcher; joan.Cogiiibft Jastos Man-, 
amllto and Jason Jacome, uttetmrs; Ahm 
Hater. 1st bagman; ml GtdMo Veras. 2d; 
baseman, on 1-year amtracts. 

PHILADELPHIA N a med Dtctc Aden iw- 
Ing Instructor. 

SAN DIEGO A gre e d tt-tonas with PfiH 
Pkaitier, outfhMan on 2-vear contract 

BASKETBALL 


game lor dtocWbwrv reasons. Signed Corey 
WIIOobis, guard, la today oo n irotf. 

N.Y; — AcHvottd Hubert Duvis. ouord. Put 
Eric Andersen, forward, oa bdured list. 

PH0EN(X-4M3tyated Charles Barkley, 
forward, and Danny Mnge, guard, from In- 
lured Bet; Pat Frank Jaftason.gMrd.and Jer- 
rad MustaL torwonLort Iniurerl Ibt. 

SACRAMENTO— WaHea Even Bom* for- 
ward. 'T-‘ ; 

• UTAH— Stoned Darren Mout h malm, center. 

WASHINGTON— Stoned Ron Anderson, 
forward, ana Manuto Bat center, to lIHtov 
c uuh o cl s. ... - 


E2232 


CHARLOTTE— Signed Tim Kemptan, for- 
ward. to today contract. Put Scott Barren, ■ 
forward, on Injured list. 

CHICAGO— Put Toni Kakoc. forwent, an 
In lured Hst. Activated Stacey Kb*, torwant- 
center, train Mured DP. 

DETROIT— Reteded earlier trade wtth 
SuuutnaOo because Duarte Cnnwl( center, 
faded physical e k omhi oH on. Traded Owen Po- 
lyaice. center. In S uuu menlo lor PetoQ ibcutt. 
center, and ocondmanal istroand draft choice. 

MINNESOTA— Put . ABriMOl WlllkRin. 
guard, on Mured IM- A c tivated Stanley Jack- 
son g o urd, tram Murad bet Suspended 
Christian LoeTtner. Canvord, far Monday's 


' - THIRD OHE-OAY INTERNATIONAL 
AustraSa ml Seoto Africa 
TbSMtoy.-fa Part Ptf b eHb Sguth Africa 
Australia lanben: 281-6 
South Africa. tontog s: 193 (43 aver*)' 

AartroHo won by 88 runs. 

: FIRST TEST 

Enotaed a West ladtoe TWrd Day 


England ter imlnss: 234 nfl out 
WlHf Indies 1st Eantogv 403 ((23 over*) 
Engtend2d tantaas: 80-4 




ENGLISH PREMIER LEAGUE 
Aston villa fi. Manchester aty 8 
Ipwrich 3. Sheffteto United 2 
Norwich 2. BJackbum 2 

SPANISH RRST DIVISION 
FC Barcelona X VaOadoM 1 




DENMS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 



HUHRTS 1 


n t: 



taw LL.L 1 J ^fJLUJLD 


for 

investment 

information 

read 

THE MONEY 
REPORT 







k'. 

% 

■ 

r, Hlfr. 






L>* 


Y±S4> 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1994 


Page 19 




WINTER 



.<0 : 

W> -ferr 


i,' 

$5** 


3* 


• ? 5 Sf*!: '&* 

SSitaSss? 3&£ . „ 

¥ i; if- 1 ' ^ 


£»* 



OLYMPIC SCOREBOARD 


TELEVISION SCHEDULES AND EVENTS 


MEDALS 









•i* 

^ r. ' 


COUNTRY - . 

a 

5 


tamta 7 . 

- 10. 

T 


fienoy : ' 

.8 

7 

3 

Qahnatrr 

4. • 



ttah - - 

AT 

3 


Untied State* - 

- : 5. 1 

-3- - 


CbnodD . 

" 3. 


3 

AuHria . 

1 

3 - 


SwUrofluml 

‘ T 


0 

KetMrtonite . . 

0 



Sontb Korea 

2 



'Japan ; 

-. - 0 . 

2- 


Franca ■ 

• 0 - 

1 

2. 

FMtand 

-ff • 



Belarus 

0 

T 



.S: Totaqorl Km^Jora 
' B: Btodn Bitten VBw Harm* . 

Snd SWfaw 
Wm’iMIMen' 
Q: Barwde Statr, UtUTN States 
5! Susan Awn, Ctmcxta 
B: RroritMu Sdwnk. Ganaonv 
FRIDAY'S RESULTS 


Women 4 * 15 KBranate* 
O: Myrttm MM Canada 
S: Anna Brtand. France . 

B: Umrio OH Germany ' 

■ Liim ■ 


v>: 


*~V_ 11 

'•■cv. 


Kazakhstan 

SMdn 

Britain 

CMna 

Slovenia ■ 
Ukraine 


2 - 
0 


6- Kurt Brower and kvnfriea Huteuv ttrty 
S: Hmlarv Raffl and NwMrlKuMr, tioiv 
B: Stefan Knarsra ml Jan BehrendLGaraiany 
" ■ •• snaed SkaOng 

Man* 1AM Meters 
9 ". Don Jansen. UnHM States - 
S- tew Ztetenwskv. Bttaras " 

B: Serpei Kkrwtonva, Rustic . 

• THURSDAYS RESULTS 


ny. 27:46* U>; 31. Carum mount. France, 
mw CD I 2X tew VWta, LaMa Wju «; 
3f. Ekaterina Oafevsla. Butawia.27-.5u U); 
A Am Brian* Franc*. 23:003 (4). 

SW Eve« Peterson. Estonia, n*a* (!»; 3J. 

. Russia, 3l;0tA (7)| 33, MOP 
, Uknrim 28: 1U 131: M. iven 
KAbkoea Czech Rmbtfc. M:1« (3): » 
Enwnratw Claret. Franc*. 2t:WJ 151: 3* 
TaOoVuotatalaRntona 28^12 Oi;37, Use 
Muloc be. ConoOa.asasa tT) : 3* HataBo Per-' 
rateknvn, 8«tor*x28^&9 M) j 3). Lnubn Nos- 
tows, RuaakL 28:17.8 (i); 40 Satdn Patattn. 
Australia. 281X7.1 (1). 

<LJ)ntaaWcino,Q>lno,2S:a«.1 (»: 4XLU*v 
M0afcam(bmia,20:37.O(2lj4X(faaaa lono- 
sbHHanaaa. Rumania. 28:37.) (2J ;44.YosMka 


WEDNESDAYS RESULTS 


> 


. . "U 
-• •- a.”' 


- Men* Oant.Slalsm 
C: Marian Watmeiar, Otrmanr 
S: Ure KaeRn, Swttzerlwid 
B: On-uoan Mayer, Ammo- . 




Menu i> KHemcisn 
G: Sergei TUwpfltov, Russia 
S: Man Gran, Germany • 

B: Sergei Tarasov. Russia 

- weotejrt 75 laiMnetn 
G: Myrtom Bedura, Canada .-• 
S: Shetland Paramvalna. Betarus 
B: vbtearyna Tsert>* Ukraine 


Men's Supcr-Gfaat SkMR 
Mortals Wasmeter. Oerreaav 
Tammy Mon. Palmer; Alaska 
KWH .Andre Ararats. Norway 
■Crass Country SUto* 
Men’s u Knometcn 
Blorn DaTtUc. Naneay 
VladUnlr Smirnov. KanMntoa 
Mona Aknu Italy ‘ 

- weaetn's wedlmneter pormn 
Lyubov Egormd. Russia 
MonwMa D) cn«, Italy 
StHratin Belmont* Italy 


■ ,»■ 

. rs 

"V* 


G; Svettaoa Bratanova, Russia 
5: Ernest HMyodv, Austria 
B: Ckmfa PecfisMiv Germany 
• WEDMCSIMYTS RESULTS 
Freestyle sklha 




5: Bonnie Blair. United states 
5: Ahkn Batar, Go iuuiy - 
B: Ye Qtooba. CMna 


G: Jean-uic-Brgisan]. Canada 
Si seroei snoun te woe, nmio 
B: Gttear Graspircxy France 


iT_ 




‘t:* 


- TUESDAYS RESULTS . 

Crass Ceasin' 3KHw 
MeuY 4x10 KOomtler Relay 
G: Italy ( Maori Ho DeZaK. Marco AOxmto. 
Gtergta Vanzcfta. suvto Fourier) 

S: Norway (Slure SIVertaerL VCgand Ulvcma, 
Thomas Atsaaord, Blorn DatWe) 

B: FMand (Mika AMItvta, Hart Kirves- 
nlamL Jart rosoko, Jart.lsonwtsa) 
SUJonMw 

. Lome Ml WNteter Team 
G: Gennaav (Haralaerg Jaefcle. enrtstat 
Duftnar. Dieter Tbana Jens WMsstiag} 

S: Japan (Jfnvo KiAikata.TckanoiiuOfcWw, 
NartaM Kasai. MosaMko Harada) 

B:' Austria (Hete Kutttn, CkrMtan Moeer. 
SMtei Hwngacber, Andreas GoMberger) 

" Sneed Skatiaa 
Mtel U Ni miir Relay 
G: Kt-Koan Kim, South Korea ' 

S: JFHpoo Owe, South Korea 
B: Marc Oamn, Canada • • - * 


G: Stiar Lise Hattestad, Norway 
8: Liz McWine United Stales 
B: EHzoveta Xotevnlkova. Russia 


G: Cerda We lM w ate tner, note 
S: Sail Erdmann, Germany 
B: Andrea Tagwertwr, Austria 


i4ea*s UM Meters 
G: Johann Otav Koss, Norway 
Sr Rbitte RHsrna. Netheriandi . 
B; Fatten Zanttefra, NeWier tin d s 
TUESDAYS RESULTS 


G: Sou* Korea '. 
S: Canada 
B: Untied States 


-Ti; 

~ k 7- 


- iL-.v; 


i 4 r ’ 

■v •r.r.t 
■ 1-; 

• .-i-.r 


- r: 


:r. -rs \ 


MONDAYS RESULTS 
JUMmn SkJtoa 
We wim r O wi Okmi 
G: Pernllio Where, Sweden 
S: VTeitf sefinekfer, Switzerland 
B: Alenka Devon, Slovenia 
Speed Skaflne 
Weatetfs LSM Meters 
G: Emese Hunvndy. Aostria 
S: Svetlana Fedutfctaa. Russia 
B: Gunda tHemann. Germany 

Cress Coentry Skfine . 

. WbmeaY 4sS tatemettr Rckry 
G: Ruselo (Elena vaetea, Lartssa Lazutina. 
Nkb GavrBuk. Lyubov Eg orova) 

S: Norway ntnde OyoendaM. (nger Helene 
Nvtiraaten, EBn MtseniJUAta Moeol 
B: Italy (Bloe.Vanzelta, Mameki in Cento, 
Ga br tet kf P anraL stetanla Betrwondet. - 
Flgara s ealing . ' ■." 

.... - nj. obBefira 

O: Oksana Grttsdtak.Eyganl Ptatcer. Russid 
S: Mato'UHwaandAlteeanilnr2tainBl 
B: Jayne T ^fflp ndOy b lcPt w^ Peqrfcl 

SUNDAYS RESULTS*' 

* ' : - Meals Btaddea • * 

• .* • 2* K B emetatg 
G: Sergei Taraeov, Rumlo ; . 

S: Frank Luck, Germany 
B: Sven Richer. Germany 
BoOsted . 


wotmn wpcf ummu laum 

Dlonn RoHe-5telnrattar, UJi. 

SveilaM Gtadbcfwva, Ruselo 
Isolde Kostner. Italy 

Crau Country SUMP 
NteNMCS S NUDMfltarg 
Lyubov Egorova, Russia . . 

Manuela Dl Cento, ttaty 
Morta-Litea Kirveentami 
ngere-Skatteg 
' Pairs, Freestyle Pragrgm 
El Gordeeva and 5. Grtnkov, Russia 
N. Mtshfcuttenak and A Dmitriev, Runhs 
L Bmaeur and L- Elsler, Canada 
MONDAY'S RESULTS . 

Crass CMmtry SHtag 
• Men’s 3* KBamerera 
Toomos Alsgoard, Norway . 

Siam Donne, Norway .. . 

Mika Mvflyfn. Roland 


i:-»*ra. 

>- - i'tS 
r *-rrt •«« 


to, *.-* ■ %T= ’ 

wc. ^** r 


G: Swttz.1 (Guetav- Wader and Donat) *- 
Si Swllz. L (RWoGoetacMfindGoldoAeWIn) 
B: Italy! IGuotber Huber and StefawTIoci) 
1 Md J amnkn 

Large MW OT Meters 
G: Jens wdsaUng, Germany 
S; Esnen Bre a esc n. Morwov 
B: Andreas Goktaerger. Austria 


UamW ETanlw ■ 

. G; Georg Hack!, Germany 
S: Markin Procta Auelrto 
Br Arm In Zoggeier, IMv . 

• Sneed SkaNoB 
‘ • MtesMWfcn 

Or AWaandr GoJubev. Russia 
8;, Sergei Klevdwnya Russia 
Bi Manobu Merit Jopcbi 
* ■ . SUNDAY'S RESULTS - 

AMneSfetam 
Men's Daemon 

G: .Tommy Msi United States 
& lOMtt Andre Aomodk Norway 
B: Edward PodWtraRY, Qonodfr-' •*-.- '• 
;. Cross Coentry sum 
.* gramenkH W Io me ters •' 

G: Ataaue to Di Cento, Holy 
S: LVhbav EgarwnL Rueda 
B: Nhn Govrtluk. Russia 

. Speed Skattag 
. Monk Less Meters 
G: Johann Otav Kaos. ’Norway 
S: KM Store* Id. Norway 
8: RInne RHsrna Hatnertan* 


Honda Japan, 35^78 GO ; 4S. GiRton Hamfl- 
teaCa»aa38HU U) i 4A, Anoa BaBlk.Hiin> 
oarv.2»dR4 B): a. Hltdeounn Fauea Nor- 
way. 3f:iA2 141: 4 Kazlmlera 51 rot term. 
Ltttucnla 27: ISA (4); *>. jtrfciu Pelceva 
Czech RepuaUc, 8SU i3); SB LtoudmBo 
Lyssenka Brtarns. »:23J (3). 

5L Beta Coats, united Stole*. 2Mo (31 ,* 52. 
Marta Manokiva Bulgaria. 3fi2L7 (2)1 52, 
Jean GuetedHta Utetad States. 2M&7 (41 ; 54, 
Marla EdeNo Giro, Argentina 2f:3u> 0): SB 
AdtaaSterapa, Ronnnlo,29-J4JB (31; 5k, Jetena 
VUvtseva Estonia, 2fc3S3 01:57, HtSHnn POon. 
Pokmd.2K»2 Hi; SB Krteta uwb. Esknla. 
.2»:4U IS; SBCotartitt Bdund. Sweden, 3*444 
W; <B Evo-Karta Westev Sweden, MdM «>. 

4L Ptrta Aoita FMand.2»^2 m s a Fima 
Maria Sstra. Poland. 30:045 (31; CL Gatxieta 
Savava.CzecA Republic, 3IL2SJ (4); 44, Mary 
Ostergren. Shoreview, Mmu XkSSA (4); 45. 
BrtgBta BereczkL Hwigorv, 30:42.4 (4); 44, 
Svgenlta RspmL KyrgyzstaaSl :IM (3); 57, 
Qrrtetkw EMuod, Sweden. 31 :VUI (51 .* 4B, Zo- 
ila KteMnsfcte Poland. 31:11.1 (7); 

W, Elena Garataoua Moldova. 35:04.1 (7). 

ME ITS U KILOMETERS — I, Sergei Tche- 
Mtov. fbmsta,2tadu (01 ; & Rfcoo Gras* Ger- 
many. 38:131) (D); & Sergei Tarasov, Russia, 
2M27A nil 4. VtadlDilr Drakhev. Russia. 
3ta3BS (1 ) ; B Ludwla Greater, Austria 2MK4 
tB: 4, Frank Luck. Germany, 29UN.7 U); 7. 
Sven Fischer, Germany, 2frlAll (1 1; B Hsrve 
Flandkb Fnmct, 29:33J (1); t Janez Othoit, 
Stawcnta, 27:358 (0); IB Alexander Popov, 
B elarus. VMS 10). 

11. PMrios BaHhhSalins, Franca, 2MU (21: 

. 12. Mark Khtteier, Germany. 2P81J 12); U, 
Johann PosNer, Holy, 27^9.1 (2J: W Ivor m- 
choi UkMete. Norway. 27:556 0): IB Hom 
Etonuda. FMokL SBdBJ I4t; IB Valeri Mr- 
Ma RgS0k W 30J)43 (3): T7, Olea RvzhenkOV, 
Belarus, 30:118 (31: IB Tana DoMy, Ukraine, 
30:15611); IB Thierry Duaserra Frcnca30424 
(21; 2Q, UB Jalxnsun. Swectea 30^42 |3L 

ZL Petr Grotedk. Czech RepubOc.30 JU (11: 
22. WoHgans Paw, Austria. 3BOIS O): n 
.PtendberteCarnpu. haN.30UD.1 (3): 24, wu- 
triod Poflhubor, lloiv, 3D-.X& (3) ; 2B Jan amb 
T rttkaa Norway. 30:357 (21: SB Steven cyr. 
Canada. 30:41-2 (3): 27, JcnZIetnltmki. PalandL 
30:442 12); 2B0M Elm- BlomdaOen. Norway. 
3K444 [11; 2BJk4 Holuhec. Czech Rea. Sh4B2 
UBi IB Front Schuler. Austria 30d&2 (41. 

31, Kmalmtr VMeouv, Buswria, m; 

3B Teman Skam Poland. 31 :RL4 (3) ; 31 Janos 
Parwflc. Hi««oy. 31:043 (2); ILGneoratieVo- 
sfle, nomemte, 21^53 (21; 3B Steohane Bouitt- 
iaux, France. 31 :07J (3); SB Ural VelePM. Slo- 
venia, 319B7J (2); 37. Victor MMeounw, 
B0terub3ldE3 Ol; 3B Pv Brandt. Sweden, 
Si 07 A (1): 39, HHlar ZcMtno. Estonia 31 -ja3 
(3); cBVatentvnDzMmaukrolna, 31:318 ra. 

4L I Imam Brida Latvia. 31 :34S (4) ; 42. Mhoo 
KodoAc. Jam 31:402 (3); 43. Marita Pfbris- 
Cheihr. Austria 3):47J IS); 44 Andraes Zto- 
gerie. lUr. 31365 (21; «. Igor Khokhriaksiv. 
Bftoruv 31 -JB7 (4): 4B Tomas Kos. CmA Re- 
pubVb3TdZ(ia);47,lvteiMaisy«iiav,UkrainA 
3)^27 13): 4B Dmitri Poteov. Kazateutoa 
Xi^«2(S);47 l ionWteodB,BmalrU1A3 01:58. 
Aim Udras. Esnnla 32dH.i (41. 

51, Pavel Kolroba, SJowoUa, 32:040 (4) ; 52, 
Vasa HtatatatL Rnland. 32:064 (5); S3, Syt- 
fetf GDmsdoL Norway, T2:07.4 (3): 54 Eridd 
Latrata, Finland. 32:064 OliSEGtalarasJo- 
stnsm, Ufhomiia 32: HU (3) ; 54 AIMnestos 
TsoklrlB Greece. 32^18 (3); 57. Daniel 
Kramar.Shwakta. 38:241 (4); 5BOM Mihel- 
sarv Estonia 32:38 J (3) t 39. Mm PukkJkar. 
Slovenia, 3J.3T-7 (3); IB jeavMarcChaMaz. 
Swittoriand, 32:358 (3). 

a Kiwwtor Taper, Poiond, VJfJ (3): 62. 
Glenn Rupertus, Canada 3t 47 J isi;ADcn~ 
tat Hedlger, SwiteoriamL J3:0S4<Mr «VD»vW 
jarackte.UnHedSiaiasJl:1S4(4): 6B Dunam 
DaunkM, Untied States. 330*3 OU 6B ANor* 
Bogdo m tvs. Latvia 33:500 (6); 67, Ketmeta 
Rudd. Britain, 34: WJ (4); 6B VoslIH GtwrghL 
Moldova. M:«0 13): Lett Anderason, Sweden, 
DNS; G loan atsmn Sweden DNS. 


nta. 2S7.H)(1 OL» 1:25801! 24 Gregor Grilc. 
Sievenia, 2:57.13 11:31 JB 1:353 5); 2B Jetsm 
Wodncr, Sweden W7.46 (1 JL57. 1 :2S8« ; 2B 
Klmlnobu Kbnurg, Japan, 2-J850 (1:3186. 
f^Bkili 27. Vedran PavleK Croatia, 7:5331 
(I:XL11 1:2638),* 23. Javier Uheko. Spam. 
3^435 (1:3207. 1:27 JS); 29,Ck»fraftCoMor- 

tta.itoiy.2J»J4n JL2BV3J6);3a,RrWtnn 

Blaerneson, KMcmd, 3:01.1* (1 JOM. 1:2738). 

3L SPtacer Pessfcw. Britain, 3rfQjO |1 ; 33.94 
1:SUU: 32. Georges WUmdes, PortugaL 
2MJB (1 ;3S.H 1:278*1; 33. Sung-Wook Hur. 
SouHtJCaraaJL’tfJSn JMBl-'2747);34 Era 
ScMepy.linHed Statea.3 :WOO (1H2aBl:27j4i; 
Bids Bearpggomc. B o s o to * t e rseo gvtno. OMF; 
Nicote encokna Sen Marino, dnf.* vtttUil 
BazwnetDbtn. Rusela. DNF; Victor Gomez. 
Andorra. DNF; Federico van Dltn»r,ArosnfF 
no. DNF; MBcaMorUa. FWonBONF; Gerard 
Escoda Andorra. DNF; Andrei FWschkln. 
Runic. DNF: Lvuborrtfr Paper. BuHmrta 
DNF; Pahik jaerbvrv Sweden. DNF. 

Paul Puckett, United States, DNF; Simon 
WIRutona New Zeeland. Of«F; ToWoa Her- 
man. Sweden. DNF: Oe Christian Furtuetn. 
Norway, DNF; Steve Lodwr. Switzer text 
OMF; Marc GlrardMli, Luxemltour* DNF: 
Mlcncwi van Groeaiaen. awtcertaod, DNF: 
Jonoe Lesklnen, Finland. DNS-2; Jehrmv AB 
berisen. Deanwt, DNF-2. hbu Buriorad. 
Uediteratein, DNF-2; Daniel Vogt, Liechten- 
stein. DNF-2; Anthony HagueL AustraHo. 
DNF-2; Luis CrtstabaL Spain. DNF-8; Marco 
BeoehoL Liechtenstein, DNF-2; Harper Phil- 
lips. United States, DNF-2; written Gaviord. 
Britain. DSOG: Ateerto Toraaa. ttaiv. dsq-2. 


May, Canaan. i:7l.W; 20. enristtne Aottink. 
Netherlands. 1:22.1b. 

2L Sens hashlrum. Japan, 1.22Z1; 22. 
Ernes* Antal, Austria. 1:334: ZL Ciirishne 
IWfty.UnWdSiBtw. 1:2247. 34 (Net Micwne 
Kune, Untied States. and Svctiona Bavark ina 
Ru93ki,l : 22M ; 36, Edei Therese Haisem. Nor- 
way. 1 :22.9ft; 77, Mavuim Yaidamofe. Jtswn. 
1:23.15; 2BL (tie) Crraseto Hordobella Berra 
nto. and ingrld Lieaa. Canada, 1:3.19: 30. 
Yang cnurmion. China 1.22TJ. 

3). Chontal Ballev. Unllca States. 1 TLS3. 3L 
KonsMFyouhftScwh Korea l;3t)9; 23. to- 
dwiie Merlon. Canada 1:3441; 34. Kriszlltia 
Eared. Hungary. 1:74.71: K. Chun HetHoe. 
Santa Korea T:2SA7r 3*. Jeans Hae-vauna 
South Korea 1 : 75.93 


HOCKEY 



Thursday's Events 

A'J times are GMT 

Alpine Skiing - Women’s giant sla- 
Uyr. J;rst run. ii50; secona run, 1200 
Crass Country Skiing - Women s 
30-h''omexr Gassiest. J133. 

Fr e est yle Skiing - Aenate imals. 

tioa. 

Ice Hockey - Nintti place. France vs. 
Italy. 14H0* nil*, place. Austria vs. 
NorwE,-. 1£S0. consolation. Czecfl 
Repub**= vs. Un-ed States, 1B30. Ger- 
msrr/ vs. Stovar.ia-Husaa toser, 2000. 
Nordic Combined - Team 3xiQ-Julo- 
meter cross country. 0900. 
Short-Track Speed Skating - Wom- 
en's 500 meters. ISOO; men’s 500- 
mere: quaiiiy.ng. 1600; men’s 5,000- 
meier relay quaiilying, 1B00. 


NORDIC 

COMBINED 



TEAM SKI JUMPING EVENT — 1, Jopon 
(Monstd Ate. Takonori Kona, Kean 
Oglworo). 7315 points; 2 Norway IBIarte En- 
gen Vlk, Knot Tore Agetond. Fred Barre 
Lundbera), 4728; & Switzerland (Jean-Yves 
Cuemtef. Andrecd Schooa Hlpparyt Kempfl, 
MLS; 4 Estonia (Mngner Frebnuth. Altar Le- 
vandL Asa Marinardt). 6198; i Aratrta I Fe- 
ll*: Gatiwakt Georg RtecMsoerger, Marta 
StectMc). <098: B Czech Republic (Ml km Ku- 
ceraZhynek Poock. Frantlsck Maka). fiOJi 
7. United Slate* (David Jorrett, Ryan Heck- 
amn and Todd uxtwiefc). 6020; B Germanv 
(Roland Braun Thomas Aoratte, Thomas 
Duftcrl, 5058; 9. Finland (Tooto Nunneto. 
Topi sarparanta Jort Monttta), 9728; w. 
France istepiune (Mlchen, Fabrice Guy, Sy(- 
vataGulIlaame),557J; ll.itatytSIfnonePin- 
zartL Andrea Longa Andrea Cecen),5445; 12 
Russia (VWcrt KobetcY. Stanislav Dau- 
brovski, Vaterl StollarmL 90LB 


QUARTERFINALS 
Canada 2 Cwch ReuuWlc 2 DT 
Finland B United States 1 
Sweden 1 Germenv 0 

WEDNESDAY'S RESULTS 
Germany 0 0 0—0 

Sweden 0 1 2—2 

First parte d N one. Fsnurties— Dieter Hf 
gen-Ger IbMrdirol 3:5b: Joerg Mnvr. Ger i in- 
terterence). e:46: Led Ranim Swe inoohtnai. 
W-J6: Benoit Deucet. Gcr (noMutgi. U:24 
Second pertod— 1, Sweden. F rear in StUlman 
I janas Bargkvisn, te: 14 Fangitlao Pawm 
Junta. Swe [holding], 1 :23: FredrB Stillman. 
Swe (trtpnlnB).l6^7: LeH RantaSwa onier- 
fereoce), U;te; Bernhard Trunucfika Ger 
I roughing 1. UMb; weUgona hummer. Ger 
(interference). 18:44 
TWrzj period— 2 Sweden. Stefan Omstog 
(Mate Maternal. 7:42; L Sweden. Mcgnirt 
Svcnsson (Tomes Jonssoii.HalionLOOD),9:iC 
(an). Pmotties— Tomas jonstan. Swe (rousn- 
ina). 1:20; Thomm Brandi, Ger Irougningl. 
1:20: Petrie Kiel there, Swe i roughing lb J6; 
Lao Staton. Ger idierainot. 8:56; Thomas 
Brunei. Ger (roughing). 1:56. Darnel Rye- 
nwrk, Swe | eharabig 1.10 M; Peter Fanters. 
Swe (Interference 1. 15:03; Raimund Hiiger, 
Ger. minor -mot or, served hv Aiexaraer Ser- 
tow fbuftlm mseonduc t ), 13:27. 

Shot* on eon! Germany e-S-7— IB. Sweden 
1044—26. Goa lie s— Germonv. Helmut Do 


SPEED 

SKATING 



WOMENS 1800 METERS— 1 Bonnie Btalr, 
United States, l mtaute, IBM teamds; 1 Ante* 
Baser. Germonv, 1:2GB; 2 Ye oaota CMna, 
1 3B22; 4 Franzislai Schenk. Gennafiy. 1 dftUS: 
i Monlaue GadrachL Germcenr, 1:2032; B 
Shtoa KusanoM, JapnwlC8U7: 7, Emese Ho- 
mntv, Aushta.1 :3BA2; BSosan AudvCanodB 
1:2072; 2 Okwo navltaM* Ruute l.-a082; IB 
Nototvo Potaxtcova, Russia Iri084 
it, svemra Fcaoiktaa. Russia i :2aj9.- 12 
[Mel Angela Houck, Germany, and Xue Rirt- 
two, adoair20jQ; iBAnnomarto Thomas. 
Netherlands. 1:2094; 15, Yoo SunJwe. South 
Korea l HIM IB Jin Hua CMna l MM: 17. 
NUhaetaOaacataRnnKiniat^iSH.-iBKyniio 
SMmeankl, Jopcn, 1:2186; 19, Catriona Le 


RGURE 

SKATING 



GIANT SLALOM 


BIATHLON 




Men* AON Meters 
G: Janatm Otav Kras. Nnrwnr - 
5: KMI Storefld. Norway - 
B: Bart Vo Mum: Netherlands 


G: 


SATURDAYS RESULTS 
Akriee Skflng 
v e um e i T s Downna 
KaUa SeUlngcr, Gonnaay 
Plcaho Street, tinted State* 

I soldo Knatnec. Italy 

Croat Country Mini 
Meal U-KH o me rer Fra* hra* 
Btom DcdtUe, Norway . 

VtafSmlr Smirnov. Kaxpkh*tan 
SlMo Fourier, Italy . ' 

FttnJuiM 
Meed Free Preeidm 
Alexei Urmanov. Russia 
Elvte Stotka Canada 
PWlJppe Canctetora Fraws 
■ Nordic Combined 
lodhritfuai 

Prod Bond Lundbera, Norway • 


WOMB ITS 78 KILOMETERS tmlned 
Shore te parentheses) — 1. Mwiren BesknL 
Canada. 36:033 (2t; 2 Sveitona Fdramygtaa 
Belarus, 26:079 (23; 2 VOteMyna TWrim 
Ukndne, 36:108 (W; 4 Iran ShtahBd. Kasakh- 
ston, 26:129 (2); 2 Petra Salwat, oermoav. 
26:326 (2 >fA. Irina Kokoueva Bekns, 26tfM 
CO; 7, Nothofle Sanrer, Italy, 26-JM (3); B SF 
mon Ore ta *r-Pettor-Mgmm. Garmony, 

(3); 7. Evo Hakova Czech Rea, 36:4(12 n)»12 
' Elta Svnnore KristtaneeaNBnwa>36riB5 U). 
1L tva Chkodma, Buigarta, 27804 (0); IB 

5anaMtaakavaSlaveMa27:(lB0(29;l2Ur3Ma 
DHL Germany. 27:04.1 (21.- MttnaOmirtscM. 
Utn*n*.27:0U OS: li.Mnrttao Jastavaflo- 
vtKta. 27:118 (2); IB Mari Lnmplnen, FtatooO, 
. 27:145 <31; .17,. Ann-Etan Skfetoreid, Morew, 
27:179 n>;TG Widrela Grasto,S)ovefdaZ7:l79 
OU IB NddeWa Tatanaw* Russia 27: 1B1 B)i 
2B VsroMnue Ctaudet Franc*. 27262 flL 
. 21, Kerryn Rim, Australia 27:323 (21; 22. 
Annette SHreWamj, Norway, ViXU (2); 23, 

Alata Song, Chtaa27:3l5 rt>; 24 -toon Smith, 

United States, 27-J9.T (2): 24 TMla SDdaa 
FIntomL27:39.1 10? ; ZS^Axtfla Hurvry, Germ) - 


MEWS (1st • U runs in saraaitiesas) — 1, 
Marie usWosmeler, Germany,} iMnutns, 5244 
seconds (1:2891,1^3951:2, Urs Kaelln,Swtt- 
zertaidr 2:5280 n:2Km 1.-2398); 3, OvteJkw 
Mover, Austria 2:S2 St (l^BUM, ld43«); 4 
Jt*> Etaar Thnrsea Norway. 2^291 (1 MJB. 
1:22971; X Rataer Satzgeber. Austria fc5247 
n»75l. 1^336): 6, Norman BatgamrilL Ita- 
ly, 2J3.12 11-J9J9, 1:093); 7, Loase Klus. 
Norway. 2^021 (1^787, T:Klfl;& Borndard 
Gstreta. Austria 2:5135 (1:27.13. 1:2432],- 7, 
Jeremy Nobis. United States, 2:5380 (inBJQ, 
1^458); IB Ghertrd Kaantarealner, Italy. 
2:5381 (137.U. 1:24451. 

lLGwMHsr Moder, Austria, 2^066 [1:2737. 
134271; 12. Klefll Anare Aamodt, Norway, 
2:5391 ll^OfiBI-Jim; 1L Franck Piccard. 
Franc* 5^377 1 139J9. )3(in; 14MM0 Kline 
Stownto, 2S4J7 (1:289a ias.171; IB Tobias 
Banwro** Germany, i54« (1^996.1 JC5W; 
M, Thomas GrcrvC. Canada 2:5474 (XH3JH. 
134791; T7. tan Piccard, Franca 2^MJS 
0:3021. 1^454): IB Fretkik Nvbera. Swedn 
±5494 0:2994 Paul ACQolaSwtF 

MrirreL %5496 PJ021, 13051; 2B Robert 
Croaaa Canada 236J0-ndB8B 13S25). 

2L AcWm Vogt, LtecMenstela 2^638 
(1 3L12, 1 :232M : 42-J*rae| Kobtar, Slovenia 
2:5687 () :307& 1 3572) ; 23, Jure KJ«lr, Stove- 


WOMem SHORT PROGRAM-1, Nancy 
Kerr toon, ujl 05 hxinrad Madnm; 2. Ok- 
sana Beta Ukratna 18; 3. Sorva Bonoly, 
Fraao* IS; 4 Chen La China 20; X Tania 
SaponlaGvnnw.Uj 6 Katarina witi, 
Gennany, 38; Jv-Y«*a-5ata japan, 38; ft. 
JaseeCMulnard, Canada 40; 9. Anna Rech- 
nto, Poland, 45; u, Tanya Hardtoa U8, SB 
TL Lenka Kuknrona. Czech Republic, 55; 12, 
Kriszllna Czoka, Hungary, 68; IX Chotone 
Van saher, Britain, 68; H Marie-Plerre 
Lerar. Franc* 78) IS. Nalttolto Kriesv Swlt- 
zeriaod. 78: IB Mila Kata* FWand. BO; 17, 
Yelena Uasbenka Ukratn* 88; IB Rena In- 
ou* Japan. M; 17, LyMhnylo Ivanova 
Ukratn* 78; 20- Lcetitto Hubert. Franc* 
108; 21, Marta Androd* Snota VG5; 2XZveto- 
Itoa AOrndieva Bulgaria t78; 2L Uu Yto* 
CMna 118: 34 LBv LvaaMung Le* South 
Korea 128; 2S. Zhao Guana, aitno, 128; 26, 
Susan Aune Humphreys. Canada 138; 27. 
Irena Zenwnova Czech RacubUc, U 5. 


Roar (26 soars- Zt saves). Sweden. Ta/nrav 
Soto US-18). 

0111-3 
1 I 0 M 
Fk si ret tod— L Czech Republic. OtafcarJatv- 
ecky 19:34 isni.Penantes— Toad Hknhka Can 
(Mkllngl. 6 JX- Derek Mayer, can (hotting). 
10:57; Tedd Hhahka Can (■nteriteencei. 
16:2s,- Jfa-I Vykookal Czr (hooking). 17:54 
Second period— X Conaaa Brian Scvoge. 
6:40. X Czech Republic, Jlri Kucera Idtakcr 
Joneckvl. 15:42. Penotaes Owovn* Norris, 
Can (delay nl genie). 10:25. 

Third period— 4 Conada Brian Savage 
(Dwavne Norris). 14:35. PenaUm-Jon 
Aline. Cze | hooking), 1:21; Ken Lovsln. Ccn 
(tripping), 7:07; MltosJav Horerva Cze 

(boardina). 10:21. 

Ov e rtt n w B Conada Paul KartvaSiSt (pm. 
ita s iH les' R oman Horofc. Cio gwofcntg), fcJB 
Shots od goal— Cantata 6BB4— 24 Czech 
Republic 12-1X9-3-37. Gaatts-Cancda 
Corev HIrech ar shots, 35 saves). Czech Re- 
public. Petr Brlza (24-21). 

Finland 3 2 3-4 

United Stales ■ 1 0-1 

First period— l. Finland, Sakv Kohni, 12:51 
tPW; X Finland, Mike Ntentinai (Esa Kes- 
Uncn). 16:08 (shi. Penalties— Raima Hei- 
minea. Fin llnterierence). 3:23; John Liitey, 
USA (charging 1. 71:01; Wfcfca Mate la. Fla 
(roughing). 15:20: Brian Ralston, USA 
(rnuoNng). 17:10; Peter Ferrara. USA (high- 
sticking). 19:2ft. 

Socnad period— X untied Stans. Dowd Sacra 
(Jetfrev U»orai. :54 (sh); 4 Hntand. MIM 
NlemtnenArQS; 5, Ftnlaral HonnuVtrta (Morte 
Ktorusov. Esa Kesktoen). 6:71 (n». Penaitios. 
— Matthew Martin, usa irougWng>,S;52.- Ed- 
ward Crowiey.uSA (rauaMna), 9:16; Mika Aio- 
tahv Fki (roughing), 9:14; Sake Kaivu. Fin 
(Stashbtel. 11:3*.- Paal Sormunm Fin IhoU- 
lngL17:3X' John UUev. USA I roughing). 20:00; 
Rataio Hrimtnen. Fin irounMna), 20:00. 

THkd period— 4, Fin land. Marin Ktprusav 
(Safcu Kohnil. 4J» (DO; 7. Finland. Jama 
O loner (Thno Jirtik), Mortal KlprvMv). 15:11 
lap). Penalties— David Sacco. USA I cross- 
check Inal, 685; Darby Hendrickson. USA 
(rauahteBl, 11:24; Marita Palo. Fin (raugh- 
tng). 11:24; Darby Hendrlckeoiv USA (ramm- 
ing). 11:34; John Ullev. USA (trtoPingl. 
n-J56: Vmo Erik Homotoinen, Fla low 
ing). 16-86; James CanwbeR. USA I rough- 
ing). >4:36: vesoErik Homo miner- Fin 

(rauantogl. U:X 

Shots oa goat— Finland 12-11-13—36. United 
States 10-11-7—21. Gaottes— Flniend. Jarmo 
Mvttys (28 shots- 27 saves). United State* 
Gann Snow (3X30). 


TO OUR READERS 


IN POLAND 


Handdelivery of the JHT day-of-publication is 
now available in these cities: 
Warsaw, Cracow, Gdansk, 

Poznan and Wroclaw. 

Please call: MINI-MAX GMBH 
Tel: 43 29 46/43 00 28 Fax: 43 00 20 


Thursday’s TV 

EUROPE 

An limes are local 

Austria - GRF: 0600-1800. 2015- 
2100, 2225-3030 

Britain - 35C2: 1415-1550. 2000- 
2: CO. 2315-2355 

Bulgaria - ENT Channel i: 1030- 
?14£. 1253-15)5, 7555-1 Channel 
2- £200-0100. 

Croatia - HRT*TV2: 1625-1930. 
2500-3 00G. 

Cyprus - C V BC. 1715-1745. 2030- 
2100. 2233-2330. 

Czech Republic - CTV: 0315-1530. 
1945-2015. 2320-0005, Channel 2 : 
2130-2230. 

Denmark - DR: 1145-1700. 1855- 
1925. 2120-2222. 000£Kt100. 

Estonia - ETV 1 050-1615. 1915- 
1S45. 2145-0230. 

FinJand - YLE.PJ1: 1040-1700; 
TV2: 1SOO-1930. 2200-0015. 

France - “=I2 0920-1100, 1105- 
1145. 1 ‘ 50- 1 253; FR3: 1255-1400. 
140S-144C. 2005-2030. 

Gennany - ARD: 0900-1500. 1710- 
1740.2145-2250. 

Greece - ET1: 0830-0900: ET2: 
1400-1445. 13*5-1 945. 

Hungary - l.nV' Channel 1: 1207- 
1400. 1625-1655. 2C05-2010. 2300- 
001C. 

Icetend - R'JV: 0825-1000. 1155- 
1400. 1325-1555. 2330-0000. 

Italy - RA11 1400-1 500; RAI2: 0925- 
1145. 0030-0200; RA13: 1225-1400. 
1950-2020. 

Latvia - <_T. 1915-1945, 0030-0100 
Lithuania - '_RT: 1325-1540, 2130- 
2150. 

Luzeffibous - CLT: Highlights on 
evening news. 1900-2000. 

Macedonia - MKRTV/Channel 1: 
(£25-1000. 1155-1345. 1525-1800. 
1E25-21C0. 2230-2300: Channel 2- 
1055-1243 1355-1630,' 1735-T745. 
1755-2130; Channel 3: 0850-1045. 
1125-1340. 1755-1915. 1955-2230. 
Monaco - TMC'JT: 0930-1345. 
1405-1500. 1730-1925. 2300-2330. 
0100-C30G. 

Netherlands - NOS: 0900-1725. 
:84G-1550. 2030-2325. 

Norway - NRK: 090-1750. 2000- 
2400; TV2: 1845-1900. 

Poland - TVP/PRl: 0915-1100. 
1830-1855. 2100-2230; PR2: 1105- 
1500. 1605-1725. 19052000. 0005 
0105. 

Portugal - TV2: 2300-2320: RT PI; 
1100 - 1120 . 

Romania - RTVR/Channel 1: 1200- 
1500, 19151945. 0030-0100. 

Russia - RTO: 1425164a 1830- 
1900. 22300215; RTR: 1150-1400. 
17151800.21252155. 

Slovakia - STV/SK: 0600-1145, 
12251440. 18152200. 

Slovenia - RTVSLO: 09051505. 
1700-1845. 19552200. 

Spain - RTVE: 0930-240tt TVH2. 
1445-1500 

Sweden - SVT/TV2: 00151015. 
11451500. 2000-2100. 

Swttzariand - TSR/TSI/DRS: 0930- 
1445; S + ; 1900-2230. 

Turkey - TRT: 1800-1930. 203 0- 
2300. 

Ukrafne - DTRU/l/H: 10251430. 
19151 &45. 0030-0100: UT2: 1325 
1600. 1800-1840. 

Eurosport - 0600-contmuous cover- 
age. 

ASIA /PACIFIC 
A/I limes ere /oca/ 

Australia - Channel 9: 2030-01 00. 
New Zeeland - TV1: 0700-0800. 
2130-2400. 

Japan - NHK; 22052400 i general): 
1230-1500. 1800-0630 (saiellrte); 
1300-1500. 1900-2200 (Hi-Vision). 
Papua New Guinea - EM TV; 2100- 
2330 

CWna - OCTV: 2200-2400. 

Hong Kong - TVB: 24004110a 
South Korea - KBS: 1000-1300; 
MBC: 1430-1730. 240(H) 130 
Malaysia - TV3. 23750075. 
Singapore - SBC/Channel 12:2400- 
0100 . 


For Ratings Reasons, CBS 
Puts Nancy-Tonya on Ice 


Cumptkdby Our Suff Frvm Dupatdtes 

When Nancv Kerrigan and Tonya Harding foully took to the ice 
Wednesday m'the lechnkaJ program of the women’s figure skating 
at the Winter Olympics, the competition was not shown on live 
television in the United States. 

Whv? 

Because CBS. which paid S295 million for the US. rights to the 
I ilichamme r Gomes, and which is on course for the highest Olympic 
television ratings of all time, wanted to reserve its crown jewel for the 
prime-time audience. And its advertisers. 

“All the attention focused on that confrontation has got to be 
translated into ratings," said Rick Gentile, senior vice president of 
production for CBS Sports. Higher ratings, although he didn’t say 
so. translate into higher advertising fees. 

CBS put an embargo on the Harding and Kerrigan routines. No 
US. television outlet was able to show them until after CBS did so on 
its prime-time show, which ran from 8 P.M. to 1 1 P.M. 

Through the first 10 days. CBS has averaged a national Nielsen 
rating of neartv 26 for its prime-time telecasts. That compares with 1 
the previous record of 23.6. set by ABC at the 1980 Lake Placid 
Games, which had the U.S. hockey team’s gold-nyadal performance. 

CBS is not the only network pulling in record viewers. The Games 
are setting all-time highs all over the world, according to Michael 
Payne, marketing director for the International Olympic Committee. 

Ratings in Australia are up 50 percent, the Enrosport satellite 
channel has had a 300 percent increase in viewers, and the audience 
in France is as big as for its own Albertville Games in 1992. he said. 

But what did CBS viewers get to watch while the main attractions 
were on the ice? Among the topics scheduled: 

• A talk with H. Norman Schwarzkopf, the retired general of Gulf 
War Tame, who is working as a CBS commentator, 

• Previews of the U.S.-Fmland hockey game; 

• An interview with Kerrigan; 

• Hi ah- tech t raining —computers help athletes reach their poten* 

tiai. ( AF. SYT. LATj 


STAR TV/Prime Sports - 0200- 
1300, 7 530-con imuous coverage. 
NORTH AMERICA 
AH rimes are EST 

Canada - CTV: 0630-0900. 1335 
1700. 20052200. 

United States - CBS:07050900. 
20052300. 0037-0137: TNT: 1305 
1800. 

MbxIco - Tetevisa 07051100. 1705 
1900, 23352400. 


Friday’s Events 

A/I times are GMT 

Alpine Skiing - Men's com Dined sla- 
lom first run. 0830: second run. 1200. 
Biathlon - Women's 4»7X-ki l ometer 
relay. 0900. 

Figure Skating - Women’s freestyle. 
1800 . 

lea Hockey - Semifinals. Finland vs. 
Canada 1830. Slovakia-Russia win- 
ner vs. Sweden. 2000. 

Ski Jumping - 90 meters . 1130. 
Speed Skating - Women’s 5.000 me- 
ters, 1300. 


Friday’s TV 

EUROPE 
All times are local 

Austria - ORF: 06051050. 1225 
1700. 20152200. 22150030. 

Britain - B8C2: 14251550. 1635 
1800, 20052230. 

Bulgaria - BNT/ Channel 1: 1025 
1 625. 1 91 51 945. 2035240ft Channel 
2: 21552300. 00350100. 

Croatia - HRT/TV2: 1700-2330. 
Cyprus - CYBC: 1715-1745. 2035 
2100. 2230-2300. 

Czech Republic - CTV: 09151600. 
19252245. 23050015. 

Denmark - DR: 09451545. 2135 
2215, 22150015. 

Estonia - ETV: 10551730. 1915 
1945, 21450030. 

Finland - YLE/TV1: 10151700; 
TVSfc 19051930. 2015-0030. 

France - FR2: 0024-1115. 1125 
1200. 12051253. 2055223a FR3: 
12551410, 14151520, 15251540. 
20052030. 

Germany - AHD; 09051740, 1925 
0000 . 

Greece - ET2: 19151945. 2205 
2400. 

Hungary - MTV /Channel 1: 1347- 
7518. 22350150. 

Iceland - RUV: 11251445, 1815 
1855. 22252300, 00350100. 

Italy - RAI2: 00150200; RA13:0925 
1200. 13051330. 19552020. 

Latvia - LT: 19151945.0030-0100. 
Lithuania - LRT: 21352200. 
Luzamboug - CLT: Highlights on 
evening news, 19052000. 

Macedonia - MKRTV/Channel 1: 
08250955. 11551310. 17151745. 
18252100. 2230-2300. Channel 2. 


08551100. 12551535, 17552130: 
Channel 3: 11251425. 17551845. 
19552230. 

Monaco - TMC/IT: 09351200. 
13051345. 17451925. 20052230. 
23450145. 

Netherlands - NOS: 0900-1755. 
19352345 

Norway - NRK: 09051750, 2005 
2400; TV2: 18452000. 20352100. 
21352215. 

Poland - TVP/PRl: 09151100. 
20152235. PR2: 11051545. 1605 
1725. 0030-0230. 

Portugal - 7V2 2305232ft RTP1: 
11051120. 

Romania - RTVR'C” nel 1: 150T- 
1625. 19151945. 22. . J330. 0035 
0100; Channel 2: 22050030. 

Russia - RTO: 18351915. 2145 
0030; RTR: 1 1551400. 18551945. 
21250130. 

Slovakia - STV/SK: 06050830. 
09251525. 18152845. 19250100. 
Slovenia ' RTVSLO: 09051845. 
19552015.2030-0030. 

Spain ~ RTVE: 09352400 (satet- 
fife); TVE2: 14451500. 

Sweden - SVT/TV2: 09151015, 
14051530. 20052400; Channel 1: 
12351400. 19352000. 

Switzerland - TSR/TSI/DRS: 1235 

1530; S+ : 19352200- 

Turkey - TRT: 18052100, 2115 

0130. 

Ukraine - DTRU/UT1: 10551300, 
18051 630. 20052330. 00350100; 
UT2: 19151945. 

Euroaport - 0600-continuous cover- 
age. 


ASIA/PACtFIC 
All t/mes are local 
AUstnOa - Channel 9: 20350100, 
New Zealand - TV!: 0700-0800. 
21352400. 

J*mn - NHK: 22052400 (generai); 
12351500,- 18050630 (satellite); 
13051500. 19052200 (Hr- Vision). 
Papua New Guinea - EMTV: 2205 
2400. 

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Page 20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1994 


SPORTS 

Canada, Finland and Sweden Advance 
To S emifinals of Ice Hockey Tournament 


Czechs Fall, 3-2 

The AxsiKiaied press 

GJOVI K — Paul Kariya scored on a pow- 
er play at 5:54 or overtime to give Canada a 
3-2 victory over the Czech Republic on 
Wednesday, sending the Canadians into the 
semifinals in the ice hockey tournament. 

On Friday, the Canadians will play Fin- 
land. which beat the United States. 6-1. in 
another quarterfinal. 

Canada is aiming for its first gold medal 
in ice hockey in 42 years, having won its first 
medal — a silver — in 24 years in Albertville 
in 1992. Czechoslovakia won the bronze 
medal in 1992. 

Brian Savage forced overtime with his 
second lyinggoal of the game at 14:35 of the 
third period. 

Kariya scored just five seconds after Ro- 
man Horak was penalized for hooking Jean 
Yves Roy. Canada won the faceoff after the 
penalty. Brad Werenkn's shot from the right 
point was stopped by the Czech defenseman 
Jan Vopat's left skate. 

Th. puck slid into the slot, where Kariya 
Tired a 6 -me ter 1 20-foot) shot between the 
legs of goalie Petr Briza, who had made two 
outstanding saves on close shots by Savage 
and Todd Hlushko at 4:25 of overtime. He 
stopped 21 shots. 

Germany, 3-0, 
Blanked Again 

The Associated Press 

GJOVfK — Sweden, fighting its reputa- 
tion as an Olympic hockey underachiever, 
moved into the semifinals with a 3-0 victory 
Wednesday night over Germany. 

Tommy Solo stopped 18 shots, and Swe- 
den got goals from Fredrik Stillman in the 
second period and Stefan Omskog and Mag- 
nus Svensson in a bruising third. 

The Swedes play Friday against the win- 
ner of the later game between Slovakia and 
Russia. The loser of that game faces Germa- 
ny in a consolation match Thursday. The 
other semifinal pits Finland against Canada. 

Sweden (4- 1-1 ) won the world champion- 
ships in 1991 and 1^92 and was seeded first 
in the Olympics two years ago. Bui it Iosl 3- 
I. to bronze medalist Czechoslovakia in the 
quarterfinals and ended up fifth. 

Sweden has finished better than ihird just 
twice in the Olympics, winning silver medals 
in 1928 and 1964. It took the bronze in 1980. 
:1984 and 1988. 

- Germany (3*3) was shut out for the sec- 
ond lime in six games. It lost to the Czech 
Republic. 1-0. and has been ouiscor&L 17- 

31. 

Stillman gave Sweden the only goal it 
needed at 4: 14 of the first period when he 
beat goalie Helmut De Raaf with a six-meter 
{20-foot) wrist shot from the slot on a perfect 
pass from Jonas BergqvisL 
Omskog converted a pass from Mats Nas- 
htnd from the left comer, firing an 1 l-meter 
shot from straight in front of the net that De 
Raaf had trouble finding. The goalie was 
looking to his left when the soft flip beat him 
to the right at 7:42 of the third period. 

The Final goal came at 9:10. when Svens- 
son's shot from the right point went in off 
the near posL 

German defenseman Ulrich Hiemer. who 
crashed headlong into the boards near the 
'end of the first period and had to be helped 
from the rink. Germany's coach, Ludek Bu- 
•kac said later that Hiemer had been taken to 
the hospital with a dislocated shoulder. lAP. 

Reuters} 


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The Canadian goalie, Corey Hirsch. also 
was brilliant, stopping 35 shots. He deoied . 
Tomas Srsen and Roman Horak on close 
shots in the last two minutes of the third 
period. 

In 1992. Canada beat Czechoslovakia. 4- 
1 in the semifinals and won the silver medal 
losing to the Unified Team in the final. J-i. 

Canada tied the game 2-2 on Savage's 
second goal of the game at 14;35 of the third 
period. Dwayne Norrb passed it to him 
while falling down and Savage shot quickly 
from 2 meters on the left side. 

Hirsch was helpless when Otakar Janecky 
stole Greg Johnson's pass to Brad Werenka 
at Canada's right point and rushed in alone. 
Hirsch came out to cut the angle, but J an- 
te ky put a couple of fakes oo him and scored 
between his pads at 1 9:34 of the first period. 

Savage lied the game at 6:40 of the second 
period. Richard Zemlicka had knocked him 
off the puck in the right comer, but Savage 
retrieved it and cut in on Briza. Defenseman 
Drahotnir Kadlec went down in the slot to 
cut off a pass to the other side, so Savage 
shot the puck undo- Briza's left pad. 

Hirsch could not do much on the Czech's 
second goal, either, as Jlri Kucera scored on 
an 8-meter drive from the right. Hirsch skat- 
ed down and cut the angle. But Kucera shot 
it through Werenka's legs and found the 
only open spot, banging the puck in off the 
far post. 


U.S. Routed, 6-1 

The Associated Press 

L1LLEHAMMER — Finland ended the 
U.S. hockey team's medal hopes and re- 
mained unbeaten in pursuit of its first Olym- 
pic gold medal with a 6-1 quarterfinal vic- 
lory Wednesday. 

Finland (6-0-0). the tournament's only 
perfect team, will meet Canada in the semifi- 
nals on Friday. The Finns, who entered the 
Olympics as seventh seeds — one spoi be- 
hind the Americans — have outscored oppo- 
nents 31-5. They had four power-play goals 
and a shorthanded score today. 

The United States ( 1-2-3) has not won an 
Olympic hockey medal since 1980, when it 
captured the gold in Lake Placid, New York. 

It is its longest stretch ever without a 
medal. It begins consolation play Thursday 
against the Czech Republic and can do no 
better than fifth place. Its only victory 
against Italy. 

Finland allowed an average of only 12.4 
shots in preliminary play; the Americans 
had 10 in the first period alone and finished 
with 28. But Janno MyQys, whose brilliant 
goaltending carried Finland to the 1988 sil- 
ver medal, was strong again. 

“In the first period, the U.SA played 
better than us." said Finland’s Sako Koivu. 
“It was our hardest period of the tourna- 


ment. A big part of the win was Janno. We 
needed those saves. After our first and sec- 
ond grwk, we relaxed and could play our 
own game." 

The U.S. team was at its bestin the fust 12 
minutes but couldn't take advantage of op- 
portunities. Ted Drury, David Sacco and 
Brian R olstoa each had open shots from 
dose range but were stopped by MyQys. 

At 12:51. Finland broke the scoreless tie 
with its first power-play goal Jere Leh tin- 
ea's shot was blocked by the defenseman 
Brett Hauer before Korvu twisted the re- 
bound past goalie Garth Snow. 

Finland scored shorthand ed at 16:08 logo 
up 2-0. Esa Residues poked the pock away 
from Craig Johnson at center ice and Mika 
Nieminen went in on a breakaway. Nie- 
min en decked Snow to the ice and flipped a 
backhander over the goal tender. 

The United States, which rallied to tie its 
first three games and almost came from 
behind to catch Sweden, again looked ready 
to rally when Sacco beat Myllys sborthan ti- 
ed 54 seconds into the second period. 

But in a 2: 16-minute span later in the 
period, Nieminen poked in his own rebound 
and Hannu Vina beat Snow with a slap shot 
on a power play for a 4-1 lead. 

Marko Kipnisov and Jaime Oijanen add- 
ed power-play goals in the third. 

Snow made 30 saves. 



SKATE: 

Kerrigan Shines 

CotiimedhoBiNgel 

moments she knew she had made a ' 
mistake, arid that there was no 
chance of her getting away with it. 
Then she stepped out of a double : 
flip. These are the technicalities 
that decide the rharnp iooghip* and ' . 
inspire such jealousy. - 

The fast pace of her opening mn- - 
sic melted into a waltz, and fora . 
few moments she looked incapable 
of hurting anything/Thcn she spun 
into a sudden hall and her lace was 
strained into a smile* the. kind of 
smile you have after escaping a 
fight. Only a few flowers were 
tossed down. A hole girt delivered - 
them and Harding sneezed so vio- 
lently that they had to be taken 

away. 

“When 1 have a gold medal 
around my neck." Harding said. 
“Thai’s when lH fed tike I’ve 
achieved what I came here for." 

She said this after seeing her 
scores for required dements — 
ranging from a pair of 4.8s from the 
Polish md Ukrainian judges lO & 
53 from the Canadian. Her nreseQ- 
tation earned her a range of 53 to 
S.6. The American judged her a 
median 5.0 and 53, respectively. 
With 19 competitors renaming, 
she was no better than second to 
Witt. 

The top remained like that until 
the competition was two hours old, 
when Bonaly, the favorite in ad- 
vance, appeared in a melange of 
colors resembling an evening son 
ami die blue sea. Her only concern 
here is to win, and die performed as 
if it should happen. 

The other skaters, Bonaly in- 



Katarina Witt’s strong performance put her in sixth place. 


£ II 


they could see that Haidiim had 
been knocked out of the top five by 


You could sa; 
over bad — 
truest result is 
their heroine 


triumphed 
far — but the 

that she became 


chided, performed as if they were in 
a show. To them it is a competition. 


Court Won’t Let Ex-Husband 
Attend Harding’s 



The Associated Press . 

PORTLAND. Oregon — Jeff 
Gill Doty’s court appearance was 
expected to be routine. Instead, it 
brought another unexpected twist 
in the Tonya Harding story. 

Grcuit Judge Donald Louder, 
after a sharp exchange with the 
Multnomah County chief deputy 
district attorney. Norm Frink, re- 
fused to allow Gillooly, Harding’s 
former husband, to go to Colorado 
to testify against her at a disdplm- 


Deun Vnak/TfcrAnoeiMed Pm 

Ville Peltonen helped Saku Koivu celebrate his goal, Finland's first in their 6-1 quarterfinal victory over the U<S. team. 


Szewczenko. They loved Baiul sin- 
cerely in her black headdress — she 
played the role of the Black. Swan 

. from Swan Lake— and skates that - 

but the audience watched as if they appeared clumsily large for her 16 Meeting Har ding ’s Dad: 

were watching themselves as extra year old body. b fT® 

in a movie. By the time Baiul skated Bui they loved Kerrigan more. ]Vota Typical FlSul StOiy 

Washragum Pan Service 

HAMAR — I left the Olympic 
media village Wednesday after- 
noon. walked to the shore of frozen 
Lake Mjosa, and ventured out to 
visit the ice fishermen I could bare- 
ly make out more than half a mile 
away. 

'■ It was perfect therapy for some- 
one covering the Nancy Kenigan- 
Tooya Harding saga. The fisher- 
men never said a word about figure 
skating, and while they weren't 
haring a very good day, they did 
have some small perch to show for 
their efforts. 

. As I trudged bade toward land 
through the font-hi gh snow, trying 
to fatloiv the tracks the fishermen 
. had madc.1 could see & few people 
watching from Shore. As I got 
there, a man walked toward mt 
/ ^Arctbeycatdhnganythii]* out 
ibcreV 1 hfe asked- >r : 

- Her looked familiar. 

. “Are you A1 Harding?" I asked. 

He said he was: It was Tonya’s 
father. ... 

' The last time 1 saw Mm, two 
other: reporters and I had beat on 
the bakony of Ms apartment bond- 
ing in Portland, Oregon, last 
month, trying to talk our way in- 
side. 

“1 couldn’t say anything to you 
then, and I can’t say anything to 
you now," he said politdy. 

I said drat was fine. We talked 
about fishing. 

Harding loves to ice firtr in Ida- 
ho, and used to take Tonya fishing 
when she was little. 

I suggested he walk out and see 
how the Norwegians were doing. 
He said he was planning to, but 
needed to go inside to change Ms 
shoes. He has been befriended by a 
family with a cottage on the lake 
and. came by for a few hours prior 
to Wednesday nigh* competition. 

As we looked out at the. expau- 
sive; snow-covered lake before us, I 
said that perhaps Kerrigan and 
Harding should nave practiced on 
this ice, where they would have had 
room to maneuver without worry- 
ing about running into each other. 

• “Yeah," Harding said, “that 
would have been nice.** 

. -Then he came up with a better 
idea. 

“They should just bring the 
Zamboni out,” be said, “dear off 
flie ice and hold the competition 
right here" / - 

—CHRISTINE BRENNAN 


Tuesday angered 
Frink and surprised John Bennett, 
the attorney for the U.S. Figure 
Skating Association. 

Hie association had asked that 
Gillooly appear at the hearing, 
which will consider whether Har- 
ding violated the association’s code 
of ethics by her actions surround- 
ing the Jan. 6 attack on her rival. 
Nancy Kerrigan. 

Allowing Gillooly to go to Colo 1 
rado Springs “would lend some 
sort of credence or approval of 
what Ms testimony might be,” 
Lender said. 

’ll gives the appearance that this 
court is not neutral by me sending 
somebody to testify, not in a court 
of law, not under any subpoena, 
but merely because some associa- 
tion wants to pursue its rules of 
professional conduct," the judge 


Frink said at the close of the 
court proceeding that “the court, 
far from maintaining neutrality by 
denying Mm the ability to appear at 
(Ms hearing, does the opposite." 

Gillooly has pleaded guilty to 
racketeering in connection with Ms 
role in the attack on Kenigen but is 
free on ball pending sentencing. He 
has said Harding was in on the plot 
and gave the final go-ahead — alle- 
gations Harding denies. 

“I can see no reason why this 
court should not permit him to go,” 
Frink said. “I know far more frivo- 
lous requests tbattbe state has rou- 


Bennett said he was “a little sur- 
prised” by the judges decision. 

“f don’t quite understand the 
court’s logic." he said: . 

Loader said Gillooly was free to 
testify by deposition for the Colo- 
rado hearing. Bat Bennett said that 
- would prevent Harding and her at- 
torneys from cross-examining him. 

“It’s always preferable to have 
live testimony from a witness.” 
Bennett said. "That's our prefer- 
ence. If we have io do s omething 
else, well do it.” . 

Bennett said Harding^ attorneys 
had requested an in dHSnite- delay 
of the bearing because the March 9 
date “was inconvenient” for Har- 
ding. As for die possibility the 
hearing could be moved to Port- 
land so Gillooly could testify. Ben- 
nett said, “That's something I 
hadn’t considered, and we may ad- 
dress that to the figure skating as- 
sociation." 

Loader noted that. Harding has 
not been charged with a crime. A 
grand jury investigating the case is 
to deliver its final report Match 21. 

Frink could benefit Cram Gilloo- 
\fs appearance at the hearing be- 
cause anything he saysthere pre- 
sumably could be used in any 
c riminal case against her. 

The fignre skating association 
panel found unanimously on Feb. 5 
that there were "reasonable 
grounds” to -believe Harding was 
involved with or knew of tire attack 
on Kerrigan. and it scheduled die 
disciplinary hearin g. The associa- 
tion could revoke Harding’s mem- 
bership, winch would disqualify 
her from ihe world championships, 
set for March 22-27 in Japan. 

GDHool/s attorney, Ron Hoevet, 
said he would give the figure skat- 
ing association results of a lie-de- 
tector tea his diem had taken if the 
association decides it h admissible 
at its bearing. Lie-detector tests are 
not admissible in Oregon oourts. 


Frink suggested that the 
judge was “barking down the 
wrong road,” Loader replied, “But 
it’s my road, Mr. Frink." 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 24, 1994 




Page 21 





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Blair Goes Out With a Record, 
Winning Gold in 1,000 Meters 


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By Ira Berkow 

Xfh IYvA Tiitvi Smii,' 

HA MAR — When it was over, 
when she had won the 1.000-meier 
speed skating race to become 
America's most decorated female 
Olympic athlete, Bonnie Blair skat- 
ed around the oval at the Viking 
Ship HalL a smile on her face, a 
motstness in her eyes, and raised 
her left band, palm up. to a band of 
adoring, cheering fans. She seemed 
to be saying, “Five." for the fifth 
gold medal site has non over three 
Olympics. She might also have 
been waving goodbye, not just for 
the night, bm for all time. 

The race in which Blair's time of 
1:18.74 beat Anke Baier of Germa- 
ny by a comfortable 138 seconds 
was the Iasi that she would skate in 
the Olympics. One month short of 
her 30th birthday, she had already- 
announced that these would be her 
final Games. 

“Being able lo come to the 
Olympics, and then to win five gold 
medals and a bronze — it was 
something I definitely never 
dreamed of." she said. “Ail the 
Olympics I’ve been in have differ- 
ent meanings, but this one is a tittle 
sad. It is my last." 

Whatever dreams she dreamed 
growing up in Champaign. Illinois, 
and developing as a skater at Cen- 
tennial High School, she will be a 


He EdgesKaelm as Tomb 
And Acunodt Fare Poorly 


e Giant Slalom, 2d Gold 


By Harvey Araton 

.V«i- >W Tones Service 

OYER — There was no bombast 
Wednesday on the gcJd merf.it 
stand, no La Bomba, just the mod- 
est renaissance man from Bavaria. 

Markus Wasmeier keeps show- 
ing up where he wasn't expected. 
Or wanted. But when the world's 
foremost alpine producer of head- 
lines skied himself into a slow news 
day. here came Wasmeier to beat 
Alberto -Tomba. and. the highly 
touted Norwegians as wdl to win- 
the goki.m^al in ^aht slalom. ; 

It was the30-year-old German's. 

[of the Olympics, 
after aiming from orawhe^ w 35th 
place in downhiD, : to win in^tqier 
giant, -slalom. The margin of vjo- 
tory. tweehnndredths of a second, 
over Switzerland's (Jra K&efin, was 
the smallest in Olympic alpine his- 
tory- As surprised as Wasmefersaid 
he was to win in KvitjfeO last 
Thursday, he was positively aston- 
ished to discover himself in .third 
place after the first -of two runs 
Wednesday down the; Kafjell 
course. T‘ . * '■■*■.■ 

Sluing out of the. 17th poauoo. 
Wasraeier completed his first run 
in 1 minute 28.3? seconds: He 
turned bock toward the scmeboMd 
and removed his goggles. When be 
saw the lime, arid his standing be- 
hind Austria’s Christian Mayer and . 
Kaelio, Wasmeier ponded a finger 
at himsdf and hunched his sboul- 
ders. 

When he was told, “Yes, you." 
he laughed charmingly at the won- 
derment of it alL raised his poles in 
the air and shook them in edebra- 
tiori. All that, and .there was still 
another rim scheduled for early af- 
ternoon. . . 

• By that time, Italy's Tomba was ... 
a. hopeless 13th, I second and 19 
hundredths off the pare. The other 
favorite, Norway's Kjelfl Andre 
Aamodt. was even slower, trailing 
in 1 8 th by 1.69 seconds. An expect- 
ed showdown between Tomba, 
gold medahsiin ftis event in 1988 , 
ant) 19^2, and Aamodt, the World , 
CuprtadnpicEn.iii 1993 and current ' 
giant slalom and overall leader, had . j 
caused Olympic officials to hastily ’ 


. print up an additional 10.000 tick- 
ets after the first 22.000 had been 
t gobbled up. 

I “I should have have been more 
. offensive," the 27-year-old Tomba 
said aflenhefirsi run. “I didn’t risk 
. enough.” • 

He shrugged and nibbed his cus- 
i ternary five o’clock shadow. 

• “Hopefully. JTIi do better in the 
( slalom,” he said of die race he’s 
won four times this World Cup 
season, the Olympic version sched- 
: uled for Sunday, last day of the 
liHehamriier Games. 

• . -Now it was. anyone’s race, and 
eras an American, 23-year-oftf Jer- 

ctr^-Notas, ricaih}- imagmg-tafc mg 
borne a. medal. He was sitting in 
sixth place,-' a stunning 68-bun- 
dredths behind. Note was the only 
American lo finish a World Cup 
giant slalom race this season, and 
he was28thin that one. America’s 
Tommy Moc may have wan the 
downhill gold and a stiver in Super 
G, but most people agreed that 
Nobis was due for a breakthrough. 

“It's always been in me, always 
one race away.” said Nobis, wbo 
wound up in ninth place after the 
second run. "I wasn’t going to ski 
just t obem thetop ten. I was going 

Wasmeier, on the other hand, 
was just out having the' time of his 
' life. “1 had no pressure,” he said. “I 
had my gold medal My Olympics 
was over, after the race. I said. 
‘O.K.. have a good time."’ 

With the top 16 in the first run 
skiing in reverse order of finish, 
Wasmeier drew the 14th position.-, 
Tomba, running fourth, was not 
making up much rime, when he 
missed the third gate from the bot- 
tom of tire tuD for disqualification. 
He was down to Sunday, a last 
chance to become the first to win 
Alpine gok) at three consecutive 
Olympics. 

Despite Aamodt winding up 
12th overall, the Norwegian fans , 
got a thrill when Jan Emar Thor- 
sen, slalom gjold medalist from ] 
199Z bru^ took the lead by 16- | 
hundredths of a second. But then < 
Wasmeier. foUbwingTborsen,.took ( n 










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Andorra joined the ranks of those not finbHng the men's gfcurt slalom, a list beaded 
by the ltalianfavorite, Alberto Tomba, wbo missed a gate in the secood ran and was disqualified. 


it away, just like Moe had stolen 
the downhill from Aamodt, with a 
-second run of 1:23.46 for a total of 
252.46. 

The crowd deflated the only 
questions remaining were whether 
Radis and Mayer, with first, sec- 
ond and i bird-place finishes in 
World Cup this season, could catch 
Wasmeier. They could not, though 
Kadin’s silver was the first medal 
of the Olympics for an Austrian 
team shaken by tbe death of Ulrike 
Maier in a women’s downhill last 
month. Maya’s bronze got the 
once-dominant Swiss mem on the 
medal board as well. 


Wasmeier, who gave Germany 
its third gpld medal in six shrine 
events, was a journeyman for most 
of his 10 years on the lour. Fourth 
place in downhill at the Albertville 
Games in 1988 his best previous 
Olympic showing, but be hit the 
jadcpol here. 

He said he would party Wednes- 
day night, then return borne to his 
wile and child in SchZiensee, play 
his beloved Mozart on his zither 
and viola, then go back on the tour 
for at least another year. Earlier 
thoughts of retirement have been 
dropped Why stop when you’re 
hot? 


• “Make your headline. 'Shame. 
Well meet again on Sunday,'" 
Tomba told Italian reporters gath- 
ered around him at the finish tine. 
Reuters reported 

"That was the toughest giam 
since Alta Badia. The course was 
very long and the snow hard" he 
added, referring to the World Cup 
race in the Italian resort of Alta 
Badia in December, in which he 
finished second. 

Tomba confessed to feeling tired 
at the end of the first leg. a reveal- 
ing admission for a man who has 
long been respected for his physical 
strength. 


focus, sureSs. in the dreams of ath- 
letes — men or women. .American 
eTi or otherwise — who follow. 

‘She is the oexL** said Baier. And 
n j she smiled, understanding that say- 
j e mg more would be gilding the lily. 
tt _ Blair had come into the competi- 

ng lion needing one medal to push her 
a past the sprinter Evelyn Ashford, 
yj the swimmer Janet Evans and the 
diver Pai McCnnnick as the most 
successful .American female Olvra- 
, 1 , pian. it would also send her past 
w the spesdskaier Erie Hriden. who 
... swept the five ipeedskating events 
£ in 1980. 

Blair won the gold in the 500 and 
a bronze in the 1.000 in Calgary in 
M 1988. then ctroed the gold in both 
}’ the 500 and the 1.000 in Albertville. 

, Earlier in these Olympic*. Blair 
n won the 500 for a third straight 
£ and her fifth career medal. 

Then, in the 1.500. which is not her 
^ best event and in which she tired 
near the end. she nanowlv missed a 
£ bronze 

d The J.Gfti- merer sprint would be 
* her last chance. 
r “She always seems calm before a 
race.” said ChanraJ Bailev. her 
’■ icammate who finished 3 1st" in the 
e 1.000 and was a year behind her in 
high school in Champaign. "And 
i today wa* no exception. She was 
>■ humming ‘When the Saints go 
i- Marching Li’ in the locker room. 1 
a thmk she just ha* so much confi- 
dence in herself, that she’s not go- 
ing to allow herself to gel nervous.” 
Blair wa> in the second of 18 
skating pairs with a significant ri- 
val. Ye Qiaobo. from China, whom 
Blair had beaten for the gold at 
l.Cfti meters :n .Mbertvflle by jum 
two-hundredths of a second. Blair 
also beat Ye in the 500 at Albert- 
vifle. by 18-hundredth* of a second. 

Blair had also shown a distaste 
for Ye. which she did no; disguise. 

In Calgary, Ye was sent home be- 
fore competing when she tested 
positive for a banned substance. Ye 
said they were drugs given by her 
doctor without her knowledge. 

Blair has never accepted the ex- 
planation. ^Tien asked about her 
Chinese nval recently. Blair said. 
‘There's really nothing I can say 
ahom her.” Rather, it seemed there 
was nothing she wanted lo sav 
about her. 

In blue hood and goggles and 
red-white-and-biue skating uni- 
form. Blair Iked up against Ye. in 
red and gold, as the starting gun 
went off. 

*T felt ! had a good reaction to 
the gun " Blair said later. “And 1 , 
fdt good as I made the first turn. , 
nice and relaxed.” She recalled a 
satisfying acceleration, and the en- | 
joyable knowledge that Yc was at , 
ho- heels. , 

“It was good to know someone 
was chasing me from the back- 
stretch," she said. “It was how* I 
grew up skatmg, having someone j 
challenge me. Made me pump 
harder. 

When the times were posted. 1 
whb bio.T aheud by ) .48 seconds, it ! 
appeared ever, at that early stage 1 
that it was a lime that might be 1 
unsurpassable. In fact, Ye’s lime i 
stood up for the bronze medal. 

Later, on the medal platform, * 
Blair hugged Baier. Then she l 
turned to Ye below her, and shook t 
her hand with a smile. v 

There were tears in Ye’s eyes. “I >' 
am sad for my knee." she said later. ^ 
“I couldn't do my best. I am still 
feeling pain." h 

Blair stood on the top step of the u 
medals platform and turned to the 0 
rising of the American flag and 
softly sang the national anthem. Jj 

Then she laced on her skates and "■ 
took one last spin around the track. 

“In time." she said. “I’m sure I tr 
will realize what all this means — w 
the medals and the Olympics — but it 
for now-, well. I’m just going to go 
out and enjoy myself.” " la 

Music tilled die arena as Bonnie m 
Blair skated around the gleaming W 

ice. seeming to float past the 
stands, past the cheers, waring the hr 
flag and smiling through wet eves, pc 
For ihe last, glorious lime. fit 




Vntatt Amuhv Apaa Fruo-ProM 

Bonnie Biair bowed out of the Games with a fifth gold medal 


Japan 9 s Flying Start 
Dims Norway's Hopes 
In Nordic Combined 


The A:-inruieJ Prat 

LJLLEHAMMER — Japan 
soared virtually out of reach 


Wednesday in iLs quest fora second 
straight Olympic gold medal in the 
Nordic team event combining ski 


jumping and cross-country racing. 

“Hopeless” was the Norwegians’ 
estimate of their three-man team’s 
chances of catching the Japanese in 
the 30-kilomeier cross-country re- 
lay Thursday. Points from Wednes- 
day’s jumping give Japan a her d 
stan of 5 minute*. 7 .seconds. 

Takjjjori Kano flew 10b mctc! s 
on his first jump — an excellent 
normal-hill distance even for ath- 
letes wbo conreniraie on jumrm^ 

Then Ktmji Pgiwjra. the inJi\ .j- 
uj) Nordic combined world cha/Ti- 
pion, clinched the 5-tninute adtan- 
uge with a < H>-meicr ftcal leap 
before more than 23.000 specu- 
tors. mostly Norwegians. 

“We thought 3 minutes is gviod 
enough. Now it’s 5. so we are sure 
to win the gold." Ogi wars said after 
the Japanese team followed its fa- 
vorite formula — run up a big lead 
in thejump lo ease the way through 
the cross-country. 

The Norwegians said they would 
have a realistic chance of catching 
up only if the gap were 14 minutes 
or less. 

Switzerland will sun 7:30 be- 
hind Japan and Estonia 9:32 be- 
hind. 


ver medal behind Fred Borre 
Lundberg of Norway. 

“Today, the wind conditions 
were the same for all” Ogiwarn 
said “In the individual competi- 
tion. we had bad luck." 


In conditions like Wednesday’s, 
he added, "we Japanese still have a 
big advantage over Norway." 

But Lundberg. who won the 
jumping portion on his way to the 
individual gold, disagreed about 
; t, c wind as he managed only 813 
-i.d i6i, well below his 925 and 92 
:ast week. 

“I was a bh unlucky with the 
elements.” Lundberg said, “f had a 
little wind in my back and landed 
roo soon.” 


Kono and Ogiwara both were 
members of the Japanese trio that 
won the event in 1992, giving Japan 
its first Olympic gold in 20 years. 

Ogiwara also has won five of the 
last six individual World Cup 
meets, and Kono is second in the 
World Cup standings. 

Ogiwara had wind problems in 
his jumping in the individual cam- 
petition last week, however, and 
finished fourth. Kono won the sil- 


Bjanc Engen ViL the individual 
bronze medalist, jumped 935 and 
94 for Norway, and Knut Tore 
A pci and leaped 89 and 82. 

In addition to Kono’s 100-meter 
leap in the first round, the longest 
in these Games’ individual or team 
combined competition. Masashi 
Abe leaped 92 and Ogiwara 89.5. 

In the second round, Abe 
jumped 885 and Kono soared 94 
before Ogiwara’s 96- meter leap. 

It exceeded the best leap in nor- 
mal-hill training later Wednesdav 
by the specialist jumpers — 915 by 
Andreas GoldhergcroT Austria, the 
large-hiU bronze medalist here. 

“The first jump was perfect,” 
Kono said. **l tried to imagine a 
very good jump, and f could fiv just 
the way f imagined." 

Japan’s jumping points totaled 
733.5 to 672 for Norway. 643.5 for 
Switzerland. 619 for Estonia and 
609 for Austria. 

So far in these Games. Japan has 
no golds. It* ski jumping team fell 


just short of victory Tuesday on a 
disappointing final jump that let 
Germany win that competition. 


OLYMPIC NOTEBOOK 


The start of Thursday's women’s 
Olympic giant slalom was pushed 
back 30 minutes, with organizers 
announcing that the first leg will 
now start at 10 A.M. (0900 GMT), 
with the second leg due to begin at 
I P.M. ( 1200 GMT) as previously, 
scheduled 

The change was made to guaran- 
tee consistent light Jot the skiers. . 
•Johann Olav JCoss, Norway's 
' speed-skating 'superhero, has attfr 
ikmed off the last liUdianjmer 
Olympic countdown T-shirt for 
510,000. but Olympic - Aid. the 
charity organization that benefited 
from the safe can’t seem toget rid 
of the shirt.’ 

A local business, had bought, it 
for 57,500 — one T-shirt was auc- 
tioned off each day in the .1,000 
t days before.theopetung ceremony 
— then gave it to Olympic Aid: 
Norwegian shipowner Knut 
Klosicr. wan paid tbe.S10.Q00, fob- 
lowed the example of the shirt’s 
first owner and immediately gave.it 
Iwdt'ta the ojgani 2 aiion. 

He suggested it should be auc* 
tiooerf again to raise money m A t- 
lanta at the 1996 Summer Games. 

* Theasua) Nrawt^an-Swechai 
rivalry /has been put f® the back . 
burner b diese uanies. with the 
Swedes, who haven't fared well, 
generally getting warm rw*pikms 
from 'The predominantly. Norwis 
futa crowds. ■ j 

But a Saedish radio rqxfftcr. 
Mats DaWberg. couldn’t resisi 


turning up the flame the day when 
Sweden’s FtatuHa TVIbag won the 
Wonka’s combined gold medal in 


Bedard Gets Her 2d Gold, Tchepikov Wins the Men’s Biathlon 


“Henrat JrageBit’s wonderful to 
be a Swede, especially since the 
bestNorwman could only manage 
J5lhT DaWberg footed. . 


• G5. figqre skater Nancy Ker- 
rigan has signed her contract with 
Walt Disney Co. Terms were not 
disddseiLbut it includes a'TV stray 
of ber life, a children’s book, and 


The deal is not contingent on 
- Kerrigan's winning a medal, Greg 
Taylor, a'spakeanan for Wall Dis- 
ney Tetevston, said. Tuesday. - 
“Absolutely not,” be said. “Nan- ' 


cy Kerrigan has been involved in 
Disney in thepast with ice specials 
that we’ve done. She’s been a won- 
derful asset to our lineup of uticat 
here.*’-' 


The nipteraent was signed Fri- 
day. Taylor said; after Olympic of- 
ficials gave tbdr approval allowing 
Kerrigan to retain her amateur 
standing to compete in the Games. 


• China, which finished second 
in the women’s 3,000-meler shori- 
track speed-skating relay, was dis- 
qualified fra- impeding the ILS. 
squad, Canada was promoted to 
the silver medal and-tne Americans 
were awarded thebronzfc. 
j No announcement of CWnn's 
dimmatkm was made public. 


The Anodaied Press 

LILLEHAMMER — Myriam 
Bedard of Canada won her second 
biathlon gold medal on Wednes- 
day. edging Svetlana Paramygina 
of Belarus by 1.1 seconds in the 
women’s 75-kilometer sprint. 

Valemyna-Tserbe of Ukraine hit 
aD 10 targets and got the bronze 
medal, 1.2- seconds behind Bedard. 
It was die closest finish for Olympic 
medals jrf tbe history of the evroL 
•_ Bedard.24, completed the course 
at Biikebdnereb Siadhun in 2fi 
ntinutes, 08.8 seconds after two 
•' misses at the shooting range. 

“This second gpld medal is a 
' bonus,” she said. “1 did not expect 
this one. 1 thought 1 had no chance 
' of a medal because they told me 1 
was trailing by 16 seconds. Soon 
after they told roe 1 was trailing by 
only 10 seconds. I won the race in 
the last part." 

Bedara said she was much more 
relaxed than on Friday, when she 
beat Anne Briand of France in the 
15-kilometer event to become 
North America's first Olympic K- 
athlon goWmedalisL 
Today I was not nervous at all.” 
she said. “1 was talking with the 


people in (he wax bouse. I was 
joking. I was vety relaxed. I could . 
not be more relaxed." 

Her -victory was not a surprise. 


Last -year Jttdani won the 75-lak>-, 
meter sprint title in the World Biath- 
lon Championships and in 1992 she 


won a bronze at 15 kilometers at 
the Olympics in Albertville. France. 

Paramygina, wbo just failed to 
make the podium in the 15 kilome- 
ter. missed two targets in the race 
Wednesday. Only four of the 69 
competitors shot cleanly. 

Nathalie San ter of Italy, who led 
the World Cup overall standings 
coming into the Lillehanuner 
Games, did not win a medal for the 
second straight race, coating in sev- 
enth, 30 seconds behind. She bad 
three misses. In tbe J5 kilometer. 
Samer was 25th. having missed 
eight out of 20 targets. 

Inna Sheshikl of Kazakhstan 
made a desperate bid to get imo tbe 
medals, bui had to settle for fourth 
place. 

The biathlon combines a cross- 
country ski race with shooting abil- 
ity. In the sprint events, the com- 
petitors pass through a shooting 
range twice, shooting prone on the 
first round and then standing. Each 
missed target means one lap on tbe 
150- meter penalty loop. 

On Sunday, a Canadian televi- 
sion network report had claimed 
that targets malfunctioned during 
Friday’s 15- kilo meter race for 
women. Biathlon officials and ath- 
letes dismissed the allegation, and 
Bedard reiterated those comments 
Wednesday. 

• “it Lakes more than that to make 








&“ U " Sheaid -" ,l ™ a " Myriam BedanI gasped for air after Ae 


Compiled hi Our Slat] From Piipu/cher 

LILLEHAMMER — Sergei 
Tchepikov of Russia combined 
perfeci shooung with fast skiing on 
Wednesday to win the men's biath- 
lon sprint 

Ricco Gross of Germany, who 
held a 5.8-second advantage over 
Tchepikov afier the final shooting 
range, slipped to second. Gross 
also shot cleanly before a roaring 
crowd at Birkeheineren Stadium. 

Tcfurpifcov's winning time was 28 
minutes, 7 seconds. That was 6 sec- 
onds ahead of Gross. 

“I've had problems with mv 
shooting in practice in the last few 
days, but today it was perfect," said 
Gross, who didn’t compete in the 
mm's first biathlon eveni. 

Sergei Tarasov of Russia, who 
won the 20-kilometer event Sun- 
day. finished third. 20.4 seconds 
behind the winner. 

Tarasov, who beat Germany’s 
Frank Luck by 3.4 seconds in ihe 
20 kilometer on Sunday, lost his 
chance for a double iriuinph when 
he missed one shot on the first or 
his two visits to the firing range. 

The ] 50- meter penalty circuit he 
had to ski for the missed shot was 
the difference between gold and 
bronze. 

Cbepikov and Gross scored 10 
out of 10 Ofl the range, and the 
Russian had ihe advantage or ski- 
ing later and knowing what he had 
to do io hait the German. 


Another Russian. Vladimir 
Dratchev. placed fourth, 21.9 sec- 
onds behind. Only four of the 68 
finishers shot cleanly. 

This was ihe first Olympic gold 
for Tchepikov. who had five misses 
in the 20 kilometer but still man- 
aged to finish eighth. He was third 
in the sprint race at the 1988 Olym- 
pics in Calgarv and fourth two 
years ago in Albertville. 

Hi* only medals in three world 
championship starts were a silver in 
1 990 and a bronze last year, both at 
20 kilometers. 

Tchepikov. 27. won the World 
Cup overall crown in 1991. but fell 
to 1 1th the next two years. Coming 
into the LiHeharmner Games. 
Tchepikov was tied for J9th overali 
afier scoring io just one race. 

Luck finished sixth Wednesday, 
with teammate Sven Fischer sev- 
enth. 

Marie Kirchner of Germany, the 
winner of ihe Iasi three world 
championship sprints and the 1992 
Olympic champion, straggled to 
stay with the pace, and two missed 
shots cost him any chance of a 
medal. He finished 12th, 1:44.70 
behind the winner. 

Patrice Bailly-Salins. the Worid 
Cup overall leader from France, 
failed to make the top 10 for the 
second straight race. He was l Ith, 
1:36.1 behind after missing two tar- 


gets. He finished 13th in the 20 
kilometer. <ap. 




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Page 22 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1994 


ART BUCHWALD 


Good Old Fish Wrapper 


W ASHINGTON - Not long 
ago 1 read that the San Jose 
Mercury News had published ns 
first electronic edition of the paper 
on a computer, it is predicted by 
some that the computer will even- 
tually replace newsprint as the 
bearer of bad news. 

As someone who has been work* 
in° with news on paper for decades, 
1 can only say: 

“Fie on comput- 
ers and their in- 
formation high- 
wavs. The 



newspaper as we 
know it will nev- 
er die." 

Let me make 
my case. Not a 
day goes by 
without us read- D ... 
ing bad news. Buctiwald 
The only thing that keeps us from 
panicking is that we can hold on to 
the pages with both hands while we 
scan the gnm headlines. There is no 
way you can get the same grip on 
your nerves by clinging to the sides 
of a computer. 

The electronic newspaper is cold 
when it appears on the screen, 
while a newspaper is hot. particu- 
larly when you start a fire with it. 

the advantage of a newspaper is 
that you don’t nave to sit down in a 
particular place and stare at a 
screen to find out what's happening 
in the world. Some people read it in 


Three Picassos Donated 
To Washington Museum 


Post &vnA' 

WASHINGTON — The Phillips 
Collection, a private an musuem 
here, announced that it has been 
given three l*OOs oils by Pablo Pi- 
casso and two landscape-like ab- 
stractions b> the late Richard Die- 
benkorn. The Picassos are a fiery 
reclining nude, a fruit-and -carafe 
still life and a portrait of his mis- • 
tress-muse. Dora Maar. The Die- 
benkoms are works on paper from 
his “Ocean Park" series. 


Gallery Director Charles S. Mof- 
fett did not assign them prices, but 
in terms of today's market they are 
worth, in aggregate, perhaps S5 
million. The Picassos were donated 
by the C'arey Walker Foundation 
and the Diebenkoms bv his widow. 


bed. others at the breakfast table 
and still others on the Lrain. It is 
lightweight and portable and de- 
signed to be readcr-fricadlv. 

Needless lo say a computer is 
useless for lining a garbage pail or 
for the bottom of a bird cage. There 
isn't a machine on the market that 
you can safely take a swipe at the 
dog with when he does something 
bad. 

The promoters of electronic 
news are trying to sell us on the 
convenience of clicking a key in- 
stead of browsing through the 
pages by hand. 

That "shows how dumb they real- 
ly are. The joy of a paper "comes 
from being surprised. Your eye 
scons the page and suddenly you 
discover that Senator Packwood 
won't release his diaries. Bingo! On 
page 6 is an item you never 
dreamed of — Safeway is having a 
sale on asparagus. You can't enjoy 
these kind of discoveries electroni- 
cally. 

One of the arguments for com- 
puter news i» that the reader can 
talk back to the screen and vent his 
anger immediately at the editors. 

This is a joke. I don't know one 
editor who pays attention to reader 
mail, and he sure as heck isn't going 
to do it reading some guy's elec- 
tronic bulletin board. 

□ 

Now here is the other downer 
when it comes to computers. To 
read the news on your screen, you 
will need to be connected to the 
telephone company by modem, 
and it is going to charge you an arm 
and a leg lo tell you what Michael 
Jackson is up to that day. You'll be 
tied up on the line for hours until 
you finish the comic strips. This 
means that you will feel financially 
pressured to read the publication as 
fast as possible so that it won’t cost 
you a bundle. 

A newspaper charges one price 
and you get to read everything at 
your own pace. You can put iL 
down, drive the kids to a soccer 
game and come back and pick up 
right where you left off without 
paying a dime to the phone compa- 
ny". 

To sum up. there is no advantage 
to having a computer replace a 
printed newspaper. Let the com- 
puters do your subscription billing, 
but leave the delivery of the news to 
something you can wrap fish in. 


Waiting for Light in Prague 


By Jane Perlez 

.VeH York Timer StTvice 

P RAGUE — For readers of Eastern Euro- 
pean literature, the arrival of a new novel 
by the Czech dissident writer Ivan KJima is a 
noteworthy and anticipated event. Klima's 
“Judge on Trial." a many-layered story of a 
Communist judge who compromised his way 
through life, was hailed by Western critics 
last year as a landmark work about the men- 
tality of the apparatchiks who ran the Czech 
dictatorship. 

But the publication here of Klima's latest 
work, “Waning for Dark. Wailing for Light." 
has passed almost without notice. Reviews 
have been sparse, there are no displays in 
Prague's bookstore windows and sales clerks 
respond with blank stares when they are 
asked for a copy. Yet the novel, a look at 
Czechoslovakia before and after the end of 
Communist rule in 1 9S9. is to be published 
with considerable fanfare by Granla in Eng- 
land in August and several American pub- 
lishers are vying for iv. 

The apparent Czech indifference toward 
Klima's new work reflects what is perceived 
here as a malaise gripping the intellectual life 
of Prague despite newfound political free- 
doms. For many Czechs, this city's reputation 
abroad as the new Paris of Eastern Europe 
seems ill-founded. 

Klima. a friendly e3-y ear-old. offered his 
own explanation in a recent interview: 
“Our critics don't tike people who are well 
known abroad.” he said, benignly. As an ex- 
ample. he cited a review- of "Waiting for 
Dark, Wailing for Light” in which a Czech 
critic dismissed the novel os having been 
“written for export.” 

But there is something deeper in the cur- 
rent malaise than just the provincial taste of 
critics. Klima and others in Prague's cultural 
milieu feel that expectations Tor a burst of 
creativity when the Communist shackles 
came off were probably too high. 

The new minister of culture. Pavel Tigrid- 
who spent the Communist era in Paris as an 
opposition journalist, put it this way in Janu- 
ary at his first news conference: 

“For Americans who never, fortunately, had 
to live in unfreedom, it is difficult to imagine 
40 years of a regime that was not only totalitar- 
ian but vulgar and stupid. I don’t think that in 
40 years there was one angle idea that was 
original. People are tired. On the other hand, 
there are two or three writers who are very 
promising, so give us a chance.” 

Klima, who is philosophical about the situ- 
ation rather than disappointed, said: “People 
in theater, for example, thought they would 
pul on Ionesco and have full theaters. They 
dreamed all their lives about pulling Ionesco 
on stage and now that they could, no one 
came.” 

In part, this is because many in the educat- 
ed class who are interested m 20th-century 


European playwrights either cannot afford, to 
pay the increased price of theater tickets or 
have had to sacrifice leisure time to make 
ends meet. 

“In this country, the intelligentsia are so 
underpaid they have no money to buy tickets 
and they are too busy." Klima said. “When 
they finish their official work, they have to 
earn more money. With the exception of 
lawyers, they stiU earn one-quarter as much 
as those who work with their hands." 

KJima said it was difficult for a writer to 
capture the post-Comraunisi mood in a novel 



P»«1 Hoftpa to The New VaV Tide* 

Ivan Klima: “People are tired." 


because things were changing so fast. Instead, 
he said, young creative people seem to be 
concentrating on documentaries for televi- 
sion. some of which reflect aspects of post- 
Communist life very well. “I saw a perfect 
short movie on television three or four days 
ago on racism.” he said. 

He was referring to a common antipathy 
toward Vietnamese who came here on past 
exchange programs from Communist Viet- 
nam. 

As he worked on his new novel, he said, he 
was fascinated by the question of whether 
people who had been part of the old regime, 
even unhappily, would survive in the new era. 

The main character in “Waiting for Dark. 
Waiting for Light” is a cameraman for state 
television whose job was lo film the president 
installed by the Soviets after the crackdown 
in 1968. In some ways the cameraman hates 
the regime, and in order to express himself he 


privately writes film scripts. When the 1989 
revolution comes, the cameraman is pivotal 
in ensuring that the street protests are actual- 
ly shown on television. Thus, while still being 
part of the old regime, he helps bring it down. 

These people who lived a schizophrenic 
life, could they enter a normal life again?" 
Klima said. That's die question 1 was trying 
to strive." He hints that the answer seems u> 
be no.. “Readers have urid me it is a yety 
depressing ending," he said with a smile. 

Klima starts his mornings at his desk, 
where he works cm a laptop computer and 
with a large four-volume edition of a Czech 
dictionary at hantLThe study is lined floor to 
c eiling ' with books, with wall space reserved ’ 
for paintings by his daughter, Hana Klimova 
Pavla tova, who has illustrated some editions 
of Klima's works. There is also a large oil 
painting depicting the Czech writer Franz 
Kafka working as a land surveyor. The im age 
is especially m eaning ful to Klima, who was 
banned from writing in 1970; one of the 
interim jobs he found was as a surveyor. 

The shelves brim with the many editions of 
Klima's works in foreign languages as well as 
rare copies in the underground form called 
samizdat. 

His “Judge on Trial" was first published in 
1979 in German and in a mnwriat edition of 
small bound volumes printed on airmail pa- 
per. Klima rewrote “Judge on Trial” in the 
1980s. before the Czech and English editions 
were published. 

Another valuable edition on his book- 
shelves is the sliver- thin paperback, now yel- 
lowing with age, of his Kafkaesque play, 
“The Castle," about a system that survives by 
murdering its people. The play's publication 
led to a ton on his writing at home, but also 
brought him increased attention abroad. 

Immediately after the fall of the Commu- 
nist regime in 1989, Klima at last had the 
satisfaction of seeing his novels appear in 
CZech and with large print runs. “Love and 
Garbage," which dealt with survival under a 
dictatorship, quickly sold out its first run of 
100,000 copies. 

But even with those early, impressive suc- 
cesses and Klima's growing reputation at 
home and abroad, the Czech critics were not 
particularly friendly Lo his work. 

They are used to one-level literature,” 
Klima said. They were educated in these old 
universities by Communist professors who 
taught them to look for positive heroes and 
negative heroes. They’re now looking for pos- 
itive heroes opposing the negative ones and 
they didn't find than in my books." 

He is unruffled by the smaller print run — 
only 15,000 copies —of his new book. But he 
was delighted the other day when he opened a 
letter from a reader in the United States who 
had written to say that now, after reading 
“Judge on Trial,” she understood her Czech 
husband so much better. 


people 


Harvard’s Movie Man 


Ton .Cruse -traded pinstripes 
and dress whites for a bra and hoi 


of the year award from Harvard s 
Hasty Pudding Club. Cruise. who 
p laved Harvard-schooled lawyers 
in The Fum" and “A Few Good 
Men,” put on the pomps after bis 
hosts joked about the, 5-foot9 ac- 
tor’s reputation for not wanting to 
share a stage with anyone taller. 
Cruise was then given a bra with a' 
bright red .satin Harvard; insignia 
on each cup, which he put on over 
ttistaxedo. . . 

The American writer Susan Sav- 
ing was presented with a solid gold 
fountain pen and £25,000 as this 
year's North. American recipient, of 
- the Montblanc de la Culture award. 
She was honored fm' directihg the 
Samuel Beckett play “Waiting for 
Godot,” which was performed by 
candelighl in Sarajevo last year as 
Serbian forces shelled the cfy Son- 
tag, 6L, is donating the gift to the 
Bosnian PEN center, a wing of an 
international writers' group. The 
British playwright Alan Ayckbomu 
received the foundation's European 
award and Keizo Saji, the president 
of Sun lory Carp? the Asian prize. 

□ 


Annual rights advocate Brigitte 
Bardot has accused Bernard 
Charles, the mayor of Cafaors, 
France, of “massacring nearly IjOOO 
pigeons” by gassing them after cap- 
turing them with nets. “You have 
committed a genocide and I weigh 
my words," Bardot wrote in. a letter. 
A town councilor, Alain Baooo, said 
that “only 250" pigeons had been 
destroyed last week. 

□ 


After reports that Margaret 
Thatcher was angered to _see Prime 
Minister John Minor’s wife wearing 
one of her favorite necklaces, a La- 
bour Party politician, Ann. Gwyd, 
asked in the British Parliament “in 

what r i rrarrmtannss ' gift s made tO 

the prime minis ter which are state 
property may be used; and, in the 
case of jeweuy, who is entitled to 
wear iL” Major, Thatcher’s succes- 
sor, replied in apaxiiaraentaiy writ- 
ten response: These arc matters for 
the prime minutex's discretion.” 

□ 

When Gn&an Anderson, the ani- 
sic specialist at the Library of Con- 
gress, was given access in 1992 lotto 


Qtufie Chapin archives, at the 
rhapfin home in Vevey, Switzer- 
land, she unearthed the original mo- 
scal scores of three stem films — 
TbeGrais,” “The Gold Rush" and 
“A Woman of Paris-" Oa Friday at 
the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 
there will tea special showiisof the 
1928 film, “The Greys," with An- 
derson conducting an T ensemble 
- from the Manhattan School of Mu- 
sic in the original scare, 

" a- 

Rgections arc not un&mBiar »- 
most authors, which is why Garri- 
son Kefflor came up with the idea cf 
having five authors each write a 
rejection of a literary classic for the 
Authors Guild Foundation benefit 

at the Metropolitan Gub on.Majch 

7. Cabin lYiffin said he would dis- 
miss T. S. EBof s "Waste Land" in 

rhyme; Wendy Wasserstein 

' planned to disappoint Jane An$» 
tea; Anna Qunden would cast off 
“Alice in Wonderland" ; George 
Plimpton planned to rqect Some 
imaginaiy work. Roy Blowt said 
he is doing James Joyce's “Finne- 
gans Wake,” which he termed “a 
literary masterpiece of sorts.” Why 
sorts? “I only read four pages of it," 
he said. 

■ □ ' ' 

The Rhyihm-and-Blnes Founda- 
tion will celebrate little Richard's 
contributions lo music when it 
hand s him the Ray fhartwc life- 
time Achievement Award at its an- 
imal Pioneer Awards next Wednes- 
day at Rosdand in New York. The 
ceremony will also honor lOsmgen 

'• and instrumentalists, as wdl as two 
groups, with awards totaling 
S190.00GL 

□ 

Jimmy Carter is hawking pic- 
tures for a good cause: The forma 
president will take bids from 
around tire world Saturday for au- 
tographed color photos of all five 
former faring L)JS. presidents — 
Nixon, Food, Carter, Reagan and 
Bush — taken at the dedication of 
the Reagan library in 1991. The 
proceeds will go to the Atlanta Pro- 
ject, a charity Carter and his wife, 
Rasaiynn, founded to reduce pov- 
erty and other inner-city problems; 


INTERNATIONAL 

CLASSIFIED 

Appears on Page 4 & 19 


WEATHER 


WEEKEND SKI REPORT 


Europe 


High 

CJF 


Today 


Low W 
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Forecast (or Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Wea trier. 


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- storm will spread snow 
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weather mil foilcw over ihe 
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shine. Heavy rams and a 
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Snow will shift rorih of 
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Asia 

Beijing through Seoul will 
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day and Saturday Sunday 
wm turn colder with a fen 
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CdRan 70 ’SJ 18164 5 39 13.66 pc 

Una 26.79 21. TO pc 27.60 21/70 pc 

U*TO>C4» 24 TS 0.46 pc 21.70 7744 or 

nodrJanen 17,98 2810 a 37-96 28/8? i 

Sanngo 29»4 13.55 4 31 68 14.-57 pc 

Legend: r-sunny. pc -party doudv. c-ctoudy. sn showos. I-Hiunderstoms. i-ran. g> snow tt-jrma. 
sn-iraw Wcc. W-Weamer All maos, forecasts sod data provided by Accu-Wmher. he. 1994 


How**, 

Hoiown 

Lo&Anoains 

Uami 

LWinyapcfes 

Momraal 
I4nuu 
rm Vo* 
hwwn 
Sam Fran 
5-MTta 
Trujntt. 
Wjshreyon 


29.-82 2068 *1 
17.62 8146 S 

mm 9.-48 * 
2B-1C 17 V I 
-7.70 -13fi) sn 
-4.-39 11.13 <n 


284B ?i 7D pc 
1956 6 0 pc 
ISrtfl 9/48 pc 
286 ? 18.61 pc 
■11.13 -IBOJ e 
9 16 -184» pc 


ftines 

Alped’Huez 

Les Arcs 

Avoriaz 

Cautereis 

Chamonix 

Courchevel 

tos Deux Atpe3 

Flaine 

isoia 

Mfiribel 

La Pfagne 

Sarre Chevaber 

Tignes 

Vai d'lsfira 

VaJ Thorens 


140 240 
105 335 
160 220 
ISO 320 
45 345 
145 200 
BO 310 
120 300 
200 260 
70 195 
150 290 
55 170 
145 290 
150 360 
140 295 


Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 

Good 


Opan Pwdr 
Open Pwdr 
Open Pwdr 
Opan PCkd 
Open Pwdr 
Open Var 
Open Pwdr 
Open Pwdr 
Open Hard 
Open Pwdr 
Open Pwdi 
Open Vw 
Open Pwdr 
Opan Pwdr 
Open Pwflr 


2-‘2l 

2/21 

2/22 

2.1B 

2/21 

2.-21 

2/20 

2/21 

2M5 

2/21 

2/21 

2/21 

2/21 

2 / 2 ! 

2'21 


75 'AS Ms open, great stung 
53 - 64 Ms open exceSenl skmg 
AO 4! Ms open . fresh snow 
All 16 ms open, very good skeng 
3Br4S Ms open, greet snow 
At 67 Ms enct 95 pates open 
50/63 Ms and TO ’75 p dec open 
22 28 ms open oceOant skSng 
25 -26 ns open, (nodpsteskang 
48. 49 mb open, good pate stung 
tOO TI2 Ms open, flesh snow 
AO 77 Ms open, excellent sking 
52/54 Ms open sxceBont sMng 
51/53 Ms open scoop stung 
AH 29 Ms open, great powder 


Baqulera-Berat 

iHwl sad. 

Arose 

Crans Montana 

Davos 

Grtndeiwaid 

Gataad 

StModtr ' 

Wangen 

vartrter ' • • • 
Zermatt 


1753TS Good Open Var 2/20 2T/22««taiid3Sr4Sas»(re|[wn 


80 110 
40 ISO 
100 180 
30120 
35 eo 
90160 
30 90 
30360 
.65220. 


Good Open 
Good Open 
Good Open 
Good Worn 
Good Opan 
Good ‘Open 
Fair Open 
Good Opan 
Good Opan 


Var 2/17 
Var 2/22 
Var 2/17 
Var 2/21 
Pwdr 2/22 
Vte 2 m 
var 2/21 
Pwdr 2/21 
Var 2/10 


AKto Ms open, good ptste sung 
Flash snow on varied date 
Alt HU open, ereafcnf akmg 
At 33 HU open, wart runs mom 
At 89 HU open, good suing 

At 64Ms open gaadp/sm skftng 
ASHtsopen. mare snow needed 
38/39 Ms open great shing 
At 36 Ms open, some toy pacta 


155 IK 


?7’W5 21 -70 pc 77180 19.-66 pc 

7-44 -377 r I’M -eZS pc 

21 .'70 11-52 1 27.HO 11-52 t 
16*1 8H6 pc l»B 10 50 pc 


7.44 

-ldl 

10.50 


3.17 fh IC50 
ana u ■7-ie 
r-W r 117 


6/43 ih 
9'16 c 
-6 22 pc 


Garni tsch 
Oberstdort 


10 230 Good Open Var 
25 200 Good Open Var 


2‘IB 

2/21 


33 xmtsopen goodp&eatang 
AH 27 Ms open, some tmsh snow 


US. 

Aspen 
Breckanridge - iffii65 
Keystone 125 135 
Mammoth 
Part. City 
Staamboat 

Tefluride 
Vafl 


210 270 
120 195 
145190 
150165 
130165 


Good Opan 
-Good Open 
Good Open 
Good Opan 
Good Opan 
Good Open 
Good Open 
Good Opan 


Pwdr 2/22 AH BBSs opan . 

VBr 2/22 AH >0 Sts open 
Pwdr 2/22 .16/22 MS open 
Pet* 2/22 25/30 Ms open 
Pwdr 2/20 14 HU open . 
Pwdr 2/22 79/20 Ms eperr . 
Pwdr 2/22 Alt 10 Sits open 
Pwdr 2/22 AM2S.HU Open 


Italy 

Bormio 


15 140 Good Opan Rckd 2.11 I5 't7 ktu open 85onat2000n 


Key 141 Depth ncnion lower end upper dopes. MMl PtateKMountamskto plates. Has. 
Pte8as:F%ins taadbig to resort \teapa. ArtAniSctal aww. 

Reports aHpBad by the Ski duty o( Greet Britain 





Someone back home would also love to 
hear the sound of your voice. 


Dial direct from Norway with AT&T. Just dial 800-1 90-11. 

After J day *»l diecrin^. -vln »u!in;^. .ind .uhtii” at i!k- Olvmpit VTinicr 

' ■ dines. \\v knms you'll warn rn duR.- all rhe cxcik-RK'nt with pc« »pic hack liumc. 
Tlui's v.h\ wv vc iii.kIc n so easy with ATJ4T. 

Anywhere in Norway, ^mipiy dial S0li-l^>ii-l j. In other oHiniries. dial rhe auess 
numlvr Iron) rhe lisl on ihe ri^hl. An Fn^li-h-speakin^ ATjtT Opcraiur or voice 
proinpl will help eomplele your vail i<» ihe l \ or more rlun Ti other countries. 
I se your \TST Callinq Qm.1 or call colled. You'll j»ct eiononiical AT&T rates and 
keep hotel ''Urclv.rjies to j minimum. 

01 course, wnli AT&T you also know you'll vjd clear. 

• nsp Lonnection>. Sn ihereN no need to raise vour voice 





AKT Access Numbers. : . 
How to call around the world. 


I IKin^ tliv dun hdirtv. find tiur ivwntn you are callmg from, 
a. Dal che cunLWpnndiiw VRCT Aixvks Number. 

< Vi »TST KiijrfrsJi-speokinp Opc-rainr nr nwv piumpi will a.sk for Lhif plionc- numlxr you wish 10 call or connect you to a 
CuMnnwr Sc-n k-e ntpncMSiuiKX'. 


COUNTRY 

ACCESS NUMBERS 

COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBERS 

ASIA /PACIFIC 

Greece* 

00-800-1311 

Australia 

0014-881-011 

Hungary* 

00^-800-01111 

China, PRC** 10811 

IccLmiPb 

wool 

Guam 

018-872 

Ireland 

1-800-550-000 

Hong Kong 

800-1111 

Italy* 

172-1011 

India* 

000-117 

Uffhtfninrin* 

155-00-11 

Indonesia* 

001-801-10 

Lithuania* 

8*196 

Japan' 

(W.W-lll 

LuxcmlinurjL 

08004m 1 

Korea 

009-11 

Muba* ‘ 

OWKJ-HOO-lin 

Korea* 10 

11* 

Monaco* 

19*-0011 

Matin • 

OfMMll 

Netherlands* 

064)22-9111 

Malaysia* 

8004)011 

Norway* 

800-190-11 

New Zealand 

IXKMMI 

Potandt*i 

0°0 10-480-01 11 

Philippines* 

105-11 

Portugal' 

05017-1-288 

Russia *t| Moscow) 155-5042 

Romania 

01-800-4288 

Saipan t 

235-2872 

Slovakia 

004204)0101 

sinpjvia- 

Nuumi-m 

Spain 

900-994KV11 

sri Lmku 


Sweden* 

020-795-611 

Taiwan* 

0080-102884) 

Switzerland* 

• 155-OO-lJ . 

TluiUnd* 

inio.«i9i.iia 

Ukraine r 

8*100-11 


EUROPE 

13 JL 

0500894MH' 

Armenia** 

8''l4lll 

MIDDLE EAST 

Austria" *ti 

022-9034)11 

Bahrain 

axMjnj 

Relgmin* 

tr,S-|l4MHI 

Egypt* (Cairo) 2 

5104)200 

Ikiljfirij 

LHMHIIHJIIIO 

Israel 

177-100-2727 

Croatia** 

99- 384)011 

Kuwait 

800288 

Cypnis* 

iWMXniti 

Lebanon (Beinit>> 

426-801 

Czech Rep 

00-4204)0101 

Sautli Arjbijt 

- - : l-800-lft» 

Denmark* 

8001-0010 

Turkey* 

00-800-12277 

Finland* 

9800-100-10 

AMERICAS . 

France 

194-0011 

Argentina* 

Oni-Kfl-JIID-Tlll 


af the access number of 
nice. 

COUNTRY 

ACCESS NUMBERS 

Bolivia* 

0800-1111 

Bi»n 

0008010 

QbtSe 

00*4)312 

Colombia 

980-11-0010 

Costa Rica** 

114 

Hcuadorti 

110 

B 801111 ( 1111*8 

-.100 

. Guatemala* 

1«0 

Guyana*n 

165 

Honduiasii 

123 

■Mexitti'xw 

058UO-Ki2-i2-iO 

Nkangpi 

174 

Ruiamaa _ 

-109 

Peru f 

ill 

Suriname' 

156 

Linigua)' 

- : ■ nrumio 

Avnezuria't 

HM1I-12D 

: CAJBKBEAN -- 

Bahanaa 

1800872-2881 

Bernnubt 

r-sotwrr-ARi 

British YJ. " . 

. :i-HrtoiP2*28ai 

Cawnan Islands 

:i-«kHr2-28H] 

Crenadof 

18004T2-288I 

Hoiiii 

fjyi8tKW7>.)B83 

Jomaic.itt . .. 

- 'iwjoiri-JiKii 

NethAntd 

001800872-2881 

S Kins 'Neiis". ■ 

. r-woiwri-aw! 

AFRICA ■■ \ 

Gabon* . 

00*4)01 

Gambia'. 

. .OOlU 


Cermaay 


01JCKW10 Kdbx- 


Kenyat . 


nnmv»i . 


»Lvl ' Bijliraomi-i IthriMaridCmBrCT'S^k,- 

|vaii>.i><wn*M.ciir . jMum im->. -.h iibvi- iIiui "u i<A,i,Oii en 

JuU4:..ilvl * ink ll.sl In, n , 

« Ur... K I. 

U * 1 taUCamto kin. f hj/jIA li fli jlJ 11 Lt»-. mm.-. « 1,4,1 J. ni . 

- 'L-.l WnfMCoanm -,,<■■■ in. i-jp^Ti- 

UAI inAMrrcl > n ». i . j >. hIiI 4 li . u ^ Jlik . ...■ urk - h4iiJjl.ni 

■IV4, |4>hi- t,-|uui ,-j„| h« .M 1.4* 

1 1*4 Ml " l -. L .. ll | Hiai 4 tl «. B . rt ,.., 

*114 -I-J- hr4 Ii6-«k-ijn> 
iPul -.1 in-4 -naili Ikuut 


W Ubetja 


797-797 


tU»Ti»*|V-4i4ibrilclP»iinrrt |iknr'. • * 

iWMA.fhiwi,'* mpm- Ujfnwi miwv rtm«^k ' 

*S* Ji4d/I&- IniBt |w|4k ph(»>* • • - - . ... 

®4»48 ‘•■x 4Ml OjI Lm, 

■ '“'*1 1* 1 *”•■"*. ^ •“» 'teftw ‘rJUh^-.jnitiUnJvd 

• wi • ■ • ■ • *, • 









r -l 

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