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" Parts, Monday, February 28, 1994 

limit" for catting a deal -ihai.could be ratified in; 
time foreniry on Jan. T, the ultimate aim- •*’ 

Foreign Minister 'Aims Modi of Austria said 
it ws$ ■ “a. <fisdoct passbaSty” that hisdpimtry 
would not fimsb taBtiTby Monday/' ' 

Tarfjqyoiiy, Midib tclaiowlgogtdjii Mtito . 
lions coojd continue as late as March lO and 
still meet the Jan. lentiydate.butEU officials' 
clearly wanted to keep up the pressure on the 
candKlatcs to make concessions. ’■ 

Foe the EU; the addition' at the foot coun- 
tries is critical to its. ambition of braiding a 
wider Europe, If. negotiators cannot find a way 
to accommodate /our wealthy countries with 
deep demddaTiotriiStioits and wdl-devdoped 
scooomic lies to the EU,il would deal a severe 
blow '10 thementijosbip aririratkmsof Poland, 
Hungary. andraho'Easr Emopean countries. 
But. Medileriaiidaii.icountrisk led. by Fiance 
and Spauu worried that the four candidates 
would shift the ElTs powerbalance to toe north 

lion, have hardened tftar positions' in recent 
days. • • : ■■ : ■ v ’ . 

“The impression, that we have is that we are 
wasting lime," France' s numstcr for EiHOpeah - 
tff.tiis. Afafn Larna^txjrc;^od_ &t£r* break m>; 
■'he 1 ;„ikr Ialc'Satard^.:^cj|rewiwkd to see 
haw the clock; is'tid&ng away and that the 
gestures we are making ere not bemg recipro- 
cated. It is lime for tteeiandBfaieg’potiiicai wig 
to manifest itself.” . 

Officials said EU negotiators had tiered 500 

the. faurobuntries align ijnorTmm pdbeS w^ 
EU levels. Because of the diffiadry of cultivat- 
ing margmal Nordic and Alpine land, the lour 
countries guarantee their farmers prices up to 
two times EU Jevefa: lire imposition pf EU 
wdnld cm faira iraxane by some 25 
btilion Ecus* year. ’ 

Thatconcessioo would reduce tire net coutri- . 
bution the four countries would make to the 
EU’s annual' 70 biltioix Ecu budget to around 
1.1 billion Ecus. :■ • . 

The EU "also offered to maintain a pact ' 
limiting track traffic in Austria's Tyrofian Alps 
for as much as seven years, compared with a: 
previous offer of three years. But Mr. Mock 
said it was “inconcdvabie” that .Austria 'could, 
accept any shortening of the agrejanent, which 
is scheduled uj run throogh.2004- • _ . - r 

EU negotiators also made little progress in 

boats from IrdandPOTTugal and Spain; which 
has the largest EU fleet. Fisheries Minister Jan 
Henry Olsen said Odo could net give’ up "re- 
sponnbie management” of its fish resources by 
Kiting in the three countries^ wbkh i-do sot 
enjoy the' access that other EU countries have. 


Bomb Blast Kills 10 
In Lebanese Church 

' Two wired mortar bombs planted near 
the altar blew up during Sunday Mass at a 
Maroaite church in Lebanon,- iflfing 10 
worshipers and wounding 60, the police 
said. . 

The blast ripped through Sqyyidet d 
Najai tout Lady of SafrutwnVdnBcb-at 
Jounifc, 12 kilometers (8 miles) north of 
Beiruc, shortly after 9 AM. Witnesses said ■ 
dozens of people were taking communion 
when the 82mm mortar bombs exploded. 
It was the deadliest bomb attack since a 
car bomb in mainly Mastim West Beirut 
killed 17 people in December 1991. 

Prime Minister Rafik Hariri waif to the . 
church after the attack and said it was 
carried oat by “foreign h a nd s" to “cover . 
np" the massacre of Arabs by an Israeli an 
Friday. A similar accusation was made by 
Foreign - Minister Fans Bouez. (Page 7.) 

Rabin Curbs 

No. 34,523 


Arab Prisoners to Be Freed as Goodwill Gesture 

By Clyde Haberman 

New York Times Semce 

HEBRON, Israeli-Occupied West Bank — 
Seeking to defuse Arab anger and allay interna- 
tional concerns over the Hebron massacre, the 
Israeli government on Sunday ordered some of 
the toughest measures ever taken against radi- 
cal Jewish settlers in the occupied territories. 

The actions, which include the creation of a 
special commission to investigate the attack, 
affect a relatively small number of settlers /or 
now, and they were swiftly rejected as “empty, 
hollow” gestures by Yasser Arafat, chairman of 
the Palestine Liberation Organization. 

Nonetheless, they represent a change in spirit 
for Israel's leaders in that the son of sanctions 
imposed collectively on Palestinians for years 
have now been placed on Jews considered be- 
yond the political and moral pale. Settlers 
deemed to be dangerous are to be detained, 
disarmed and restricted in their movements 
through the territories. 

Army commanders issued orders for the im- 
mediate “administrative detention" — arrest 
without formal charges — of five settlers pre- 
sumed to be members or sympathizers of the 
Kach movement and its spinoff. Kahane Chai 
both grounded in the anti-Arab extremism es- 
poused by the late Rabbi Meir Kahane. It was a 
Kahane disciple; Or. Baruch Goldstein from 
the neighboring Qiiyat Arba settlement, who 
killed dozens of Palestinians in Hebron on 
Friday by opening fire with an automatic rifle 
as they knelt in prayer at a Hebron shrine held 
holy by both Muslims and Jews. 

In addition, as a conciliatory move, the cabi- 

net of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin said that 
as many as 1.000 Palestinian prisoners would 
be freed within a week. 

Dr. Goldstein, who finally was overcome and 
beaten to death by the worshippers, was buried 
Sunday in Kiryai Arba after a funeral service in 
which some mourners praised him as a hero and 
a righteous man. His grave is said to be tempo- 
rary, and the plans are to wove him to the 
Jewish cemetery in Hebron when tensions ease. 

“One million Arabs are not worth a Jewish 

Arafat demands international protection for 

Palestinians. • Of IsneS settlers, Arabs say: 

“They hate os, and we hate them." Page 7. 

fingernail.*' Rabbi Yaacov Perrin said in a eulo- 
gy. At the service in Jerusalem, attended by 300 
people, one man shouted. “We are all Gold- 
stein.” an opinion echoed across Qiryat Arba 
by neighbors who said variously that they ap- 
proved of bis attack on the Arabs or at the least 
could sot judge him. 

This condoning of mass murder has shocked 
and repulsed many Israelis, including Prime 
Minister Rabin. One burial society in Jerusa- 
lem was reported to have refused to ritually 
prepare Dr. Goldstein's body for burial because 
he was a mass murderer. 

Some officials said lha i the remarks at the 
funeral while decidedly minority opinions in 
Israel and hardly representative of all settlers, 
contributed to the government's resolve almost 
as much as the desire to control the diplomatic 
damage and keep the Israeii-PLO peace talks 
on track. 

Administrative detention has been a stan- 
dard Israeli tactic against suspected Arab mili- 
tants, and was even used against Rabin Kahane 
himself in the 1970’s. But to have it applied in 
this way to several Israelis at once is a change. 
And Justice Minister David Libai said more 
settlers could be added to the list. 

One of the five was already arrested and 
ordered held for three months, but the others 
were at large. 

The government also said that radical settlers 
— 20, according to some estimates — would 
have their guns taken sway and others — per- 
haps IS, Israel Radio said — would be barred 
from entering the West Bank, especially He- 
bron, While the government did not character- 
ize (his measure as a form of exile, it was similar 
to bans cm entry into the territories long im- 
posed on Palestinians. 

Mr. Libai suggested that the numbers of 
settlers to be disarmed could also grow. Defin- 
ing those considered dangerous, he said that 
they were “people who have opinions that char- 
acterize the supporters erf Rabbi Kahane — I 
would almost say that these kinds of opinions 
are immoral” 

At the weekly cabinet meeting, ministers also 
instructed the attorney general to study ways of 
outlawing Kach and Kahane Chai. both of 
which have been been kept from running candi- 
dates is the last two elections because of posi- 
tions judged by the authorities to be racist. 

“If we don't declare them illegal we win have 
no legal basis to prevent the immigration of 
their brethren from Brooklyn said Absorp- 
tion Minister Yair Tsaban.’ whose agency is. 
responsible for tending to new Jewish arrivals. 

Out of Jail, Yeltsin Foes Weigh Future 

condotenoesfor die masque massacre 

Moaicn UMoSAfcacr Fnace-PretK 

ring avisit Sunday to Hebron, where he offered 
andesfled for reeondiiatioa as be tensed the dty. 

By Margaret Shapiro 

WaMngion Post Service 
MOSCOW — Ruslan 1. Khasbulatov. a 
key leader of the October uprising against 
President Boris N. Yeltsin, said Sunday that 
be was quitting politics altogether and was 
“disgusted” with all those in power. 

Mr. Khasbulatov and other leaders of the 
OcL 3-4 hard-line rebellion were released 
from Lefortovo Prison here Saturday. The 
speaker of the former Russian parliament, 
one of Mr. Yeltsin’s bitterest foes, told the 
Interfax news agency that he would concen- 
trate on finishing a 'book abou: “the entire 
absurdity of economic reform, : s. Russia." 

Mr. Khasbulatov said that there was no 
one in Russian politics today “who would 
honor their commitments.” 

"Compared with them Machiavdli is a 
child." be said. 

Mr. Khasbulatov and other leaders of the 
uprising were freed under the terms of an 
amn esty approved last week by the new Rus- 
sian parliament. All had been charged with 
inciting wan disorder, a charge that could 
hare resulted in jail terms of 15 years. More 
than 140 people were tilled in 'die uprising, 
which was quelled when Mr. Yeltsin called in 
tanks to bombard the Russian White House, 
the parliament building where Mr. Khasbula- 
tov and the others had barricaded themselves. 

Yeltsin aide* have -akaragy attacked the 
amnesty and warned that the release oi the 
men, including the former vice president, 
Alexander V. Rutskoi. could plunge the 

country back into political strife. Mr. Yeltsin 
had tried unsuccessfully to block the amnes- 
ty. Some of his supporters are now' pressing 
him to challenge the amnesty provision, 
which also covered the men who led the 
August 1991 coup against Mikhail S. Gorba- 
chev. before Russia's Constitutional Court 

A political associate of Mr. Rutskoi’s said 
the former vice president a much-decorated 
Afghan veteran who remains popular, would 
very likely run in the next presidential elec- 
tions. slated for 1996, when Mr. Yeltsin's 
term expires. 

The associate, Andrei Fyodorov, said that 
Mr. Rutskoi, 47, £ad sot been beaten down 
by his arrest and imprisonment but was also 

See RUSSIA, Page 4 



A Fateful Double Miscue 
Spurred Europe Bond Rout 



WB> ^ 

• 7V - " . "T v" ■ •/ - •- ■ ' - Don Eanot/A^nx Fuuc c-Prog 

Swfc dbfal wtfcgypi^tiston gntfHttlfag one a no the r S unday after they beat Canada in a sudden-death shoot-oat for the gold medal. 

Moving Closer to Global Village Ideal 

By Carl Gewirtz 

truer national Herald Tribune 

PAWS -—As the dust dears from the plunge 
in European bond prices, analysts said the 
market was likely to rake weeks to recover from 
the withdrawal of international speculators, 
who were forced to sell their holdings by two 

What ought to have been “a graceful transfer 
of ownership” from the speculators to local 
investors, according to Jan Locys of J. P. Mor- 
gan & Co. in London, turned into a rout be- 
cause the traditional buyers were not prepared 
to take on the bonds. 

The speculators’ first miscalculation was 
based on the perception that short-term interest 
rates would fall sharply in Europe. They had 
been expecting a rapid rise in bond prices as 
short-term European interest rates were pulled 
down by recession. 

They then made a second mistake, trying to 
multiply lhar expected profits by buying dol- 
lars, figuring that the fall in European interest 
rates at a time when American rates were ex- 
pected to rise would push the dollar up against 
the currencies in which their bonds were de- 

But it did not work like that. 

The Bundesbank has been agonizingly slow 
to reduce money-market interest rates, at 6 
percent since December, and this disappoint- 
ment has translated into a slow but steady 
erosion of European braid prices since the start 
of tiie year. 

This turned into a rout last week as positions 

were dumped because the speculators found 
themselves in an untenable postion. in part 
because the dollar fell as a result of the trade 
turmoil between Japan and the United States. 
Not only were European bond prices falling, 
but the currency hedge that most likely was 
established at the end of last month had moved 
massively against the speculators. Given the 


high leverage employed by the speculators, who 
often borrow money to establish their market 
positions, this pincer movement drove losses to 
levels that coaid not be sustained. 

The unraveling of both strategies left the 
speculators doubly vulnerable and sent them in 
droves to the exit doors. Tins created a liquidity 
problem in the bond markets last week, and 
finding new investors will take time. Local 
investors in Germany and France have recently 
had little incentive tio buy long-term securities 
since short-term rates have been higher than the 
yields on bonds. 

A similar rotation problem is affecting the 
U.S. market, although it is also suffering its 
own woes, notably about the timing and size of 
interest-rate increases by the Federal Reserve 
Board. Commercial banks, whose prime role is 
lending money rather than holding securities. 


The Urated Stales teds its G-7 partners to 
concentrate on creating jobs. Page 9. 

- / By William' Brozdiak 

- Washington Past Service . 

- ULLEHAMMEK Norway . — As the 
world hurtles toward the 21st century, the 
Ofaripic movement finally appears dose to 
foMfar^ its potential as a gjohal village that 

.reflects the fraternity erf athletes amid the 
diversity of nations.- 

- Gone are tbe'days of.CoM Warpropagao- 
da and politically inspired boycotts. While 
national flags and anthems were prominent 

as ever on the medals podium, the 17th Win- 
ter Games here showed bow international 
sport is moving beyond its old role as a 
theater to prove who can produce a superior 

Even the judges, once obvious pawns in the 
East-West conflict, now seem above political 
reproach — except in figure skating, where 
Cold War loyalties seemed to surface during 
the women's competition. Oksana Baiul of 
Ukraine got the nod from former East bloc 

judges, including the German judge, over 
Nancy Kerrigan of the United States. 

The LiQebammer Games will be remem- 
bered for mare than the battle between 
Tonya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan. Indeed, 
the more enduring images may be those that 
transcended personal or nationalistic rivalry. 

Russian athletes whooped with joy when 
they learned about the U.S. speed skater Dan 

See GAMES, Page 16 

UN Inspectors on the Way 
To North Korean Plants 





Page 4, 
Page 18, 
Page a 

CIA Spy Suspect: 'Witty , 9 but not ' Wily 9 

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Jordon. —wl JD U.A.E. „..-K50l>irti 

Lebanon ...USS 1 JO U.S.MH. (Fur.) sl,ia . 

By Tarnara Jones r 

WasJnngioa Pav Service 

WASHINGTON — They remember him as 
brash and brilliant back then, a slightly geefcy 
boy who hid bdiind his rapier wit and dramatic 
flair. He performed in play after play at his high 
school in McLean. Vi rgmra^ including the class 
production of "The Devil and DanteTWeb- 
aer. - ^ 

• Bui. Ihc Class Of '59 never dreamed that 
Ricky Ames someday might make his own deal 
with the devil becoming what investigators 
now describe as one of (ht most ruthless double 
agents' in US intelligence-history. 

Perhaps: just as fascinating as the secrets 

Aldrich Hazen Ames purported! v revealed, 
though, are the opes he kept. And what emerges 
from the faded memories of old friends and 
acquaintances, and from the stark print of the 

Diet Cheney says President CEnton is too soft 
im Russia in the QA mole case. Page 3. 

39-page criminal complaint against him. pro- 
vides little more than a grainy snapshot. 

There is little to suggest what motivated Mr. 
Ames. 52. beyond the S 15 million the FBI 
. maintains he collected since 1985 from the 
former KGB. 

The government's thick affidavit depicts a 
r unning spy who would travel to South Ameri- 
ca to collect wads of misbegotten cash but was 
not willing to leave a signal fra his handlers at a 
Washington mailbox because, as he explained 
to bis wife in a taped conversation, “it’s raining 
like crazy out there.” 

Snippets of exchanges between husband and 
wife — both now in rail and charged with 
espionage, charges they have denied. — suggest 
an almost homey relationship amid cloak-and- 
dagger capers. 

“Well, honey. 1 hope you didn't screw up." 

See SPY, Page 4 

Compiled bv Our Staff From Dispaxcha 

VIENNA — United Nations nuclear inspec- 
tors were beading for North Korea on Sunday 
to examine seven rites for any evidence that 
radioactive fuel may have been diverted to a 
secret anns program. 

North Korea gave its assent to the inspec- 
tions Friday only hours before the start of a 
process that could have resulted in a trade 
blockade against it. 

In return for North Korea’s limited action, 
the United States has agreed to suspend annual 
military exercises with toe South Korean armed 

The six-member inspection team, plus a tech- 
nician. left Vienna on Sunday for Beijing and 
was expected to arrive in Pyongyang on Tues- 

The team is made up of three Finns and three 
experts from Arab countries, ail staff members 
of tbe 120-state International Atomic Energy 
Agency, sources at the agency said. 

The sources said toe makeup of the team had 
been agreed with North Korea, which was 

“rather particular about toe countries they 
wanted and did not want taking pan.” 

Their task is to gather information, change 
film in automatic surveillance cameras and 
change seals on permanent inspection equip- 
ment at toe seven declared nuclear rites. 

This will go only part of the way toward 
establishing whether North Korea is felling the 
truth in its insistence that it has no covert 
nuclear weapons projecL 

Hans Blix, toe director-general of the atomic 
energy agency, has made it dear that there are 
inconsistencies in data offered by North Korea 
to balance its nuclear fuel accounts. 

Ultimate verification can be achieved only if 
the agency is given access to more information 
and allowed to visit two further rites that toe 
West suspects are involved in a nuclear bomb 
project, Mr. Blix has said. 

The inspection team, which had been waiting 
to leave for several days, finally received entry 
visas For North Korea on Saturday after Pyong- 
yang and Washington struck an accord. 

North Korea stalled the inspections for 

See KOREA, Page 7 

i; ••••■ ^ iiBSa&y. v.r • ''. • V 


■jc • ^ 

__ * 0 V/iV-Lil/ ■ u ■ ■ » * » il/ 

@& 1 : U.S. Sets Aggressive Strategy on Exports to Asm 

The Clinton administration is devel- 
oping an aggressive United States ex- 
port policy to promote jobs and eco- 
nomic recovery at home. Before 
arming in China aver the weekend 
after visits in Singapore and Indone- 
sia, Jeffrey E. Garten, the U.S. under- 
secretary of commerce for internation- 
al trade, discussed growth prospects 
and potential contradictions of the pol- 
ity in Asia with Michael Richardson of 
the International Herald Tribune. 

Q. The United States has adopted an 
aggressive market opening strategy end 
export policy. How will they affect politi- 
cal relations with East Asian countries? 

A- When the Clinton administration 
came into office, it placed economics on a 
much higher plane in terms of overall 
foreign policy than previous administra- 
tions. It was inevitable that this would 
c gn$e a certain amount of tensi on in our 
foreign policy because most other coun- 
tries were not used to a really aggressive 
U-S. economic policy, and certainly not 

used to the U A placing economics on the 
same plane as traditional security issues. 

It is possible over the next several yean 
that we will see increasing tensions as we 
realign our foreign policy. But having 
said that, our market is staying open and 
I think that these tensions will be man- 

Q. What mil the new US. export strat- 
egy mean for Asia7 

A. The government will be much more 
active in helping US. Sims in the region. 
There will be some concessional export 
financing which we haven't had before, 
and there will be more links between the 
export efforts of federal and state and 
local governments. 

Above all, there wiD be a much more 
aggressive advocacy on behalf of Ameri- 
can firms when it comes to projects where 
foreign governments have some say. 

We have been leaving the field to Eu- 
rope and Japan, where governments and 
industry cooperate much more dosety 
than has been the case for the U.S. We 
will dmnge that balance. 

its influence to swing contracts the way 
of US business? - 

A. We have to do what other govern- 
ments are doing, so long as it's legaL We 
have to be able to provide financing on 
competitive terms, we have to be talking 
to foreign governments about who they 
award contracts to. We have to be mak- 
ing the case on behalf of our firms. 

We have to be organized. We have lots 
of programs. But in the past many of 
them, such as our insurance for overseas 
projects, export-import financing and 
feasibility study financing, acted at cross- 
purposes. Sowehavegottosteamlineour 
operation and make sure it is effective. 

Q. Which are the big eme rg in g m a rk ets 
and business sectors m Asia that are of 
particular interest to the United States? 

A. The major markets for us are Qriaa, 
Indonesia. India and South Korea. That 
does not mean we are not interested in 
other countries, particularly members of 
ASEAN, the Association of South East 
Asian Nations. 

Q. Hctw can the U.S. government use Q. Have you identified many emerging 

business sectors and prqects in Asa? 

A. We an; focusing very heavily era 
transportation, inducting aerospace, in- 
formation services, telecommunications, 
health care services and equipment, envi- 
romnental technology and financial ser- 

Our estimates are that over the next 10 
years or so, there wffl be almost a trillion 
dollars worth of infrastructure projects 
such as these in Aria, mainly in C hi n a, 
Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia and In- 

Q. China and Indonesia are on your 
Hri of big enraging markets. Yet they are 
two countries where the Chilian adminis- 
tration is pr essing hardest cm human 

rights. Isn't that a disruptive in 

the export drive? 

A. WeQ, I don’t deny that this makes 
trading more complicated. The fact is, 
however, that the U.S. can never .be a 
purely mercantiHstic country. We will 
never be like Japan or France^ for exam- 
ple, able to look at economics purely in 
economic terms. 

We have a set of values which will 

always, in me way w another, character 

izc bur dealing s with other countries. It 
may be that this imposes some obstacles 
cm our business. But I think they are 
obstacles that can be overcome if . the 
frurinessM ate really competitive. 

Q. Is the plan to resuscitate ibe U .S-- 
Oima John Commission on Commerce 
and Trade dependent on progress by 
gafina on die bwman right 3 front? : 

A-Tbe commission is dormant We 
would like to revitafize ft as a sign that we 
are very interested in a long-term com-, 
menial relationship with China. 

I win set up a meeting with the Chinese 

. for April in Washington in which we 
hope to discuss a very broad range of 
issues. This will occur before 
the decision on Most Favored Nation 
trading status. Therefore, it is not depur 
on what happens in Jane. . 

However, it certainly would make fife 
modi easier if there is a renewal of MFN. 
In which case dm further meetings of the 
commission couldvery well become the 
centerpiece of commercial relations be- 
tween the US. and Chin a. 

Slaying inTrai^fcSpqrs^a fiaFea r^ & 

dioothig tfa^Smentaty dq^ ***> had campaigned aganm <fife 

^"l^stigairass^r theparifementaiy dwgr, 

Unkmfo^ndi Democracy, 

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the Mafia in France. . . V. • • : - J. 

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Hat had been , passionate in her war oo drugs and 1 come an maces - 
IfiBdftamu SasL“We fear that 

tfa^re^otti.safer " 

police have rwarted -teal Mafiirttyk gangs ^teaefire in tire 
trafficking in arugs and foroidcringmopcy through local casntffi m - , 
mghteiubs. ‘ ■ 

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Armed Group hasheea kffled ns dash triA rixataiy _fcsn^tte Alg«ia&; 
news agpicy APS riposted Sund ay.- 

. . AP^ quoting, security services, sawiDjafar Affiant and ma c qtiyr , 

twCTh mrfhK group were kfiled. The agraq.nKmaorea m Pans, saiwfc . 

was IriBed in a suburb of Alg ie rs , V -7 ~ - 
- Diptomats said:hft. Afghan, .30, wfaoae r^namwra Mq urad ^d 

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Stop Rights Activities or Face Rearrest, Beijing Tells Dissident 

By Patrick E. Tyler 

New York Tima Service 

BEIJING — Security officials have warned China’s most 
prominent dissident, Wei Jingsheng, that he trill be arrested 
again if he continues to cam paig n for human rights and 
democracy while on parole. 

Mr. Wei has told associates that he has received three 
printed warnings since Feb. 10. In each case. Public Security 
Bureau officials have told him to stop meeting with foreign 
journalists to discuss democracy and rights issues and to 
abandon plans to publish a book about ids 14^ years in 

At the same time, the authorities have rqected a new 
request by another dissident, Yu Haocheug, to travel abroad 
and warned him that he could be punished if be continues to 
write articles on democracy for publication outside China. 

What b remarkable in the two cases is that both Mr. Wei 
and Mr. Yu have defiantly told the security establishment 
that they intend to go forward with their activities. 

Mr. Wei has told associates that despite the seven warn- 
ings he has received since he was released from prison last 

September, he has made it dear to the authorities that he will 
not “abide by excessive and irrational warnings." 

In pointed defiance, Mr. Wei made public a letter to the 
Interna tional Olympic Committee asking the body to bring 
sanctions against f*hrna for jailing a young pamphleteer, Qin 
Yoogmin, who opposed China’s bid last year to play host to 
the 2000 Summer Games. China lost the bid to Sydney. 

Mr. Qin, the pamphleteer, was recently sentenced without 
trial to two years at hard labor for drafting a “peace charter” 
last fall that called on the government to open a dialogue on 
political reform in Ghma. Hard-labor sentences intended to 
“reform" prisoners are common in China. 

The standoff between some dissidents and the party 
leadoship is a product of the enormous pressure on Chma to 
improve its human-rights record. 

Presdenl Bill Clinton has warned Beijing that he will 
caned China’s favorable trade status this June unless the 
leadership demonstrates "overall, g gnificant progress" in 
accounting for and releasing poli deaf prisoners. 

The problem for the Politburo is that each time it loosens 
the security apparatus’s control over the population, democ- 

racy forces emerge to challenge the legitimacy of Communist 

■ Beijing Faults Washington 

Coinciding with the vial of John Shattnck, Washington’s 
senior human-rights official, ntitm accused the United 
States on Sunday of playing power politics under the guise of 
safeguarding human rights. The Associated Press reported 
fr nin Beg mg. 

The official Xinhua news agency carried a commentary 
which concluded: “The United States will certainly not 
succeed in its plot of practicing power politics andhegemon- 
ism under the excuse of human rights.” 

Mr. Shattnck. assistant secretary of statefor human rights, 
arrived in Beijing for meetings that begin Monday with 
Deputy Foreign Minister Qin Hnasun on human rights. He 
is expected to r emin d the Chinese of Mr. Clinton’s decision 
to make this year’s renewal of China’s mort-favured-nation 
trading status conditional on improvements in its human- 
rights record. 

Secretary of State Warren M. Christopher is to visit 
Beijing in two weeks far discusaons that me to indude 
human rights. 

<hy T&a/Apact RaotAoK 

Supporters mobbing Nelson Mandela, president of the African National Congress, as be left the stage afta- a speech at an election rally on Sunday near Queenstown. 

White 6 Homeland ’ Is Not Bliss for South Africans 

By Bill Keller 

New York Tuna Service 

ORANIA, South Africa — Chris 
and Ina Smit pulled into this tiny 
whites-only Utopia at 3 AM, driv- 
en, they said, by a personal message 
from God and a powerful anxiety 
about black rule. 

Later, under a broiling afternoon 
sun, they were still hefting furni- 
ture from a trader, enthusing aloud 
that they were managing all this 
heavy lifting without a single black 
to help them. 

“White people working with 
their own hands!” Ina Smit kept 
saying, as her husband. 53, mopped 
his brow and wrestled another arm- 
chair across the weedy yard. U I 
think it’s marvelous!" 

White self-suffidency and soli- 
darity have been the watchwords of 

this privately owned village since it 
began three years ago as a pilot 
project for a future white homeland 
here in the scrub along the Orange 

O ,230 

Jotmnneaburq m ^ 


But now, as the founders of 
Orania brace for an anticipated in- 
flux of new citizens retreating from 
black victory in South Africa, tea- 
dents here concede that self-suffi- 
dency has proved elusive, and soli- 
darity even more so. 

As if leaving blacks behind has 
left them no one to fight but one 
another, the 350 residents of 
Orania have fractured into at least 
seven religious factions and sundry 
political factions. 

jua ask the butter... 

Viin urwif u **1lti*l jr* tt It to. 

S* 1 • N ■ G ■ A- P -0 -R • E 

“In a scut of pioneer situation 
like this, people are more definite 
about things," said Anna Boshoff, 
the wife of Orania’s guiding theo- 
rist, Carel Boshoff, and the daugh- 
ter of the founding ideologist of 
apartheid, Hendrik F. Verwoerd. 
(At least 15 residents of Orania are 
Verwoerd relations, including his 
92-year-old widow, who spryly de- 
fends what she calls “the hated 

Mrs. Boshoff is chairman of the 
village school, the Volkskool which 
promotes “entrepreneurial atti- 
tude" — and economizes on teach- 
ers — by sitting its students in front 
of computers and educational vid- 
eos. More conservative parents de- 
fected last year to form their own 
school then split along religious 
lines, so that Orama’s 90 children 
are now divided among three 

The village, originally built in the 
1960s for crews diverting the Or- 
ange River into irrigation canals, is 
spUt into two distinct dasses. 

The white laborers live down a 
gravel road in the rickety homes 
that once housed mixed-race canal- 
diggers. The “high society people," 
as one of the working-class Oran- 
ians put it, dwell in tne upper vil- 
lage budt for the white engineers 

and technicians of the canal sys- 

Even the one thing that would 
seem to unite the ritizemy of 
Orania. their aversion to South Af- 
rica’s black majority, divides them. 
A bitter rift has developed between 
those who profess a philosophy of 
separate hot equal and those, like 
the Smits, who simply despise 
blacks as snbhuman. 

The view that blacks have no 
souls and cannot enter heaven is 
espoused by a sect called the Israel- 
ite Vision, which has prospered on 
the right-wing fringe. In Orania the 
sect is growing so fast that some 
original settlers fear it will take 
over the 80-member board of prop- 
erty owners that runs the village. 

For the founders, whose mantra 
is that they are not radsts, it is 
something of an embarrassment 
that their village attracts such peo- 
ple — and accepts them. 

Orania is the brainchild of Mr. 
Boshoff, a retired theologian who 
with 29 other separatists bought 
the vacant village for 3570,000. The 
deal included 1,167 acres of prairie, 
1 50 faded clapboard houses, a recy- 
cling plant for garden water, a 
swimming pool a community cen- 
ter and a post of fice. 

An earlier white co mmu ne orga- 

nized by Henrik Verwoerd’s son 
grew to more than 2,000 people but 
failed because the whites were soon 
outnumbered by blade labor. The 
novelty of Orania was dial whites 
would start anew heeding the slo- 
gan painted in Afrikaans on Oran- 
ia’s billboards, “We do our own 

“In South Africa," Mrs. Boshoff 
said, “when an Afrikaner says Tm 
going to do something on my own,’ 
he’s tatting about bznzsdf and 2D 
black people.” 

In theory, residents of Orania 
must be Afrikaners, descendants of 
the Dutch and the French who set- 
tled here in the 17th century. In 
practice, the standards are more 

Why is Orania open to residents 
of Endish and German descent but 
closed to tbe many mixed-race 
South Africans who, in language, 
religion and culture, are truly Afri- 

Danic van Reusburg, a founder 
and deputy chairman of the town 
council, concedes the question is 
awkward for a man who professes 
to believe that “to be racist is a sin 
against our Creator.” 

But the fact is. “at this stage," he 
said, “unfortunately” not all Oran- 
ians are so enlightened. 

Probe Urged 
In Malaysia 
Bribe Charge 

The Associated Pros ■ 

position leader, Iim Kit Siang, 
called Sunday for a special investi- 
gation into allegations that Malay- 
sian leaders received bribes from 
British c ompa n i es in for 

business contracts. 

In raffing for the investigation, 
Mr. tim, secretary-general of die 
Democratic Action Party, said 
sanctions imposed on the compa- 
nies were uncalled for and unjusti- 

On Friday, Malaysia, barred 
’British companies from govem- 
meat-Enked contracts in retaliation 
for British press reports alleging 
that Malaysian officials had 

Mr. Lim said his party would 
only support the baa Tf we are 
convinced that there is no basis to 
the tin m emos allegations of cor- 
ruption, bribery and improprieties 
l'lwpKrating the Malay sian govern- 
ment and its ministers.” 

The ban means the loss of hnge 
business deals for British firms, m- 
duding contracts for budding a 
$32 bffi i nn international airport 
near Kuala Lumpur. Malayan, a 
former Britishcobny, is Britain’s 
second (west Asian-Pacific mar- 
ket, after Hong Kong. ... 

Tries to Sway 
Zulu Chief 

ReuUn . 

South African government held a 
second day of talks an Sunday with 
Mangcsuthu Buthdezi, die Znhi 
chief, in die hope of persuading, 
him to participate jn the country’s 
first all-race elections. 

Home Affairs Minister Dame 
Schutte, who conducted the talks 
on behalf of the government in the 
Kwazuln homeland capital of 
Uhutdi, was waiting for a response 
from the Inkatha Freedom Party 
leader, Mr. Schulte’s secretary said 

“At the moment there is no ded- 
aon yd on tbe participation of In- 
kaiba,” said the secretary, Frik Le 
Roux. “We are still o p t imis tic.” 
But he added that with the April 
26-28 elections two months away, 
time was j mining out. 

Mr. Schutte said Saturday that 
little progress had been made after 
more than three boors of talks with 
Chief Buthetas and ids nephew, 
Goodwin ZwetithinL tire Zofa long. 
Mr. Schutte met Chief Buthekzi 
done later Saturday night and Sun- 
day morning. Mr. Le Roux said 
those discussions had been “very 
frank and friendly.” . 

The talks were the government’s 
latest effort to avert an election 
boycott by the party dominated by - 
the Zulus. Chief Butbderi and ins 
white rightist allies in tbe Freedom 
Alliance hare warned of dvD. war. 
They say they cannot take part in 
the April vote, charging mat the 
interim constitution ignores their 
demands for ethnic seu-detennina- 

The African National Congress 
leader, Nelson Mandela, mean- 
while, plans to meet Chief Bothe- 
lezi cm Tuesday for the Em meet- 
ing in nine months to ask him to 
drop his boycott threat. 

October 1993. A21 were ideated; Last ^asihe Was sentenced to death m 
absentia for murdec . .. . - . - . 

a debate 

an whether to merge with neigbboringJRiomaBiaMd b y Sly separa tism 
in die Dniester region, voted, oh Sunday hi tirar ccafflOj s first post- 
Suvirtpariiamenifiy dxtian;'' c '‘ ■= -- ^ 

■ by ethnic 

'TtncAms ft ntf lUr r ai n ia n n , wrahnyuitling the Vote. But m Kishinev, &e 
Moldovan turnout was reported tobeheavyltwas uncertain 

when results would be announced. _ . , J.. . - ' 

The A gr arian Democratic Party, wmdi warns better Bhks wit h omcr 

share of the. lO^seats at^ake- Traffing the m in opgriaa polls were ... 
iMrtinnaftd s seeking lnwm wrth Romania. Winch CCghrdka XOKXt ofjfr) 
Moldova beforc it was seized by theSovic*Lfoio&ml94(X 

■time,” sad 
Lof CSuna’s 

BEIJING (AP) -r-'Orinaltas accused Britain af,carsce& 
the failed Begmg-Loridon laliS im ihepofitittikfidtireiara 
an effort to^nttbe Name oa 

Jfinbna news agency, w h ich aetat a 
Xinhua’s ayortow ^ ^^m d 

ftfter BrttamiBadejaAlfcitaainmiiaqMf^eaf^iftstd bwd j 

beats dm a6t 
Zhang spoke 

&of fruitless 

Hong Koog 

•• *■* ■ i '■ •jf’ifii** 

Mexican Rebels Toogi 

leadera appeared to takea,ne*Jjgpl^pat 
chrew to a dosoon Sunday vvith toi^i fd 
Mexico ” 

reagntian of Preadcnt Qkdbs jSafinas 
Amnst and dteatidn of a aii ipirt B ai 1 ' 
n teg Tnsantiqmfl'JtCTpli rioa a tyP^ 
and federal ^ovexzaacafs^x^^^9, oe 

“Withoot danooacy, Srecanbeno 
t^ r dnh n» j<l ni » ff fanen t iwiMUafa ! 

there is nothing?* The hard line OdeSzh 

— Quaz&a 

^^^^deodbrisin ; 
overaec dectionn The 
mrofled the prwwkacy 
Rsxa^, represnon arid 

***>- - . - *’* 

ao justice; norffinuty,” . 
r. “And without mgntty, 
h rebel Stirtemorts last 

Fitting Saidto S^readin Yemen/' 

• SANA, Yemen- — ArecorkSiaionpactdgnedhyYoaien’stwofeudiag 
leadas, Resident Afi Abdnfiah S^dr and Vice RccadotiAfi Salem Baid 
has done lilfle to heal their rift, lemdng the commy headed l&war dt 
division. ■ • ... . 

spread fiom a southern province to an area to the north of the capital, 
Sail and warnM'of a crvfl war engoffing the entire coantiy. A’smmieni 
nrifitaiy spokesman said 12 aoMco were kified and30%ounded mthe 
fighting on Sanirday m^rt and Sunday between rival army units in 
Sawda, 200 ifloinetera (120 miles) nrirth of the capitaLJt was the 6m 
reported dashinwhat used to be Ntatii Yemcn.befoietiiecouiitiy’s .1990 

The tookesman sod tribesman kjyal tt fire parfiamottary speaker; 
Sheik Abdullah Bin Husada Afansa^JraidBC ofjneJs iM UfftJslah party, 
were fi ghting, alongside iwrthemtrocHJs, hr the firstrgxwted involvement 
by Yemen’s powerful tribes m’ tte ' ' ' 

LOT and BA S^e 4^Moirth Dispute 

.. WARSAW (Rectos) — The Pofish arriioe L OT and British Airways 
have agreed to eiia a nearly fbur-month-old aHocalum feud that has 
halted aj^as between Poland and Kita&t, Warsaw’s Radio 2ET said 

Transport bfintster Bogndawliberadzki wasqpotedbythe radio here 
as saying service would resume by March 9 and that each afafine would be 
allotted rane flighis a wedc between Warsaw and London. 

Tbe dispute erupted when -Polish officials (famed BA peamsskm to 
doidde itt weekly flighte to London, raying^ this vkdated an ayiatiqn 

Britain, and Warsaw re^xmde^^^&d^erind ^e&pote bast^m a 
heated rivalry over the Incraiire trans-Atiantic trade. LOT feared mnn » 
frequent British fli^its from Warsaw would take customers from its 
direct Norte A m erican routes to BA’s cheaper connection s via T-ond on: 

The mmdra ri raftindaeddentain Jtnssb tepkd is 1993 because of : 
d e dming safety standards, a government agency says. The Mining and 
frutastrial Overset Agency ^reported a total of 3,200 accidents oh. 
rauroad and-pqxtines, according to the Itar-Tass news agency. • • 

The State De partm ent has c a uti o ned- UA atoms not to tavcUo the 
central African, state of Rwanda beeaiwi^ of qhnic fi ght i ng and mnncBl. 

Hub Week’s Klida^ ; ^ 

Bank i ng and govckmngni: offices wffl be closed or servioea cnrttgM li 
the f allowing countries and their depoodacta tins week becaose W 
na ti on al and raSgious hotidays; 

TUESDAY: Sooth Korea, Paraguay. -r^y. -■ 

WEDNESDAY : Burma. Eririnpia, T.-iKy^ . 

THURSDAY: Bulgaria, Malawi, Morocco. 

Sources: J.P. Monion, Rraf«r’ . 

Edna and Horace, unaware of advanced 
telecommunications, put their trust in carrier persons. 

With MCI CALL USA and MCI WORLD REACH services, 
reaching around the world has never been easier, 

To reach aroyna the wwW. use your MQ Carp or cai codecs .list select the number next to the country you're calRnc from An BttUstemaicino 
operator mil put your call through toarywhere m the 50 States as well as a growing fist of partidpSing 








Czech Rep 


022-903-QQ Ecuador 170 

078-n-00-Q Egypt* 555-5770 

My 1724022 

Kenya- 08001 

SOO-MQIBOO^ span* 

Saudi Arabia . I-800-Ti 
StortrRep 00-^2-00012 

Dominican Republic 1-800-751-6624 Israel 177-150-2727 

00*800 ^ 

00'-0S6 Cemaryi 05Q-O0T2 Mexico% 95B00-67M000 ’ 

980-16-0001 Greece 00-800-Dll NemertakJs 06’-022-91-22 Ifitev " ; ■ 

W0-90000 rtmgary OtrAXXHW Norwty 050429G ’ ' : 

00-42-000(12 indiar* 000-527 Peni 7 QOi-Sfl Mf lir , "~~** * 

8001-0022 Mend H500-55HXS Wand Sw^00-222 " 

^ 177-150-2727 Portugal SSSm 

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spates mwoonwhete^ are PBTWWiTailgrfMQConwiwa^ . 

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Imprimc par Offprim, 73 rue de I'Evaigik. 73016 Paris. 

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By Stephen- Labatocr /.... 

• " r I<Rir T&4 Times Senke 

■ WASHINGTON--^ With HiBaiy Rodham Clinton in 
'the WhiteHaise and three otiropartnen taking influen- 
’ tialjobs to theOtotoo adratoistratioE, the Rose Law Finn 
of Littfc Rock secnred:to\be.omhe verge of national 

■prominence a year ago. 

But thing? quickly went: awry. The Rose firm, which 
Imadcttsdta dommant power a its home *Dtie,'B , 'siiff£r.'' < 

Jng in pohlkiKW' under ihe uofoTgiviijg glare of piibHdty. 

V inrm t W. Ffxngr Jr_ one of the partners who moved to 
.W ashing ton as a top" While' House lawyer, conunitted 
suicide. A cerveted spot on the national scene has failed to 
matcrifl5z& last mouth, an independent counsel opened 
an officeto Little Rode to investigate accusations of fraud 
and confitoi-of interest .that tep’b^ back, to the 
converted [ YWCA braiding that Is the Rose headquarters. . 

* Instead of basting in the glory of its ties to theOmton 
White House, tite fum has had to hire lawyers- to defend 
-itself. • " • •■V 

The isdepeDdent counsel, Robert Bi Fiske’ Jr, has 
ordered the fum not to shred any documents tdated to a 

o Little Rock Firm in Washington’s Harsh Public Light 

real-estate venture known as the Whitewater Develop- 
ment Co. The Gin ions were partners in Whitewater with 
pK proprietor of a failed Arkansas savings and l oa n 
mstnuuon. Mr. Fiske is investigating whether the institu- 
tion, Madison Guaranty Savings and Lp *n impro p erly 
“5*^ 1010 WKtewata ‘ or into Bill Clinton's 
1 984 .campaign for re-election as governor of Arkansas. 

The Republicans on the Senate ttatiW-ng Committee 
trade the Rose Enn the target of their scorn during a 
bearing last week on savings mstitudons, saying the firm 
used its con nect i on s improperly throughout the 1980s. 
-They denounced as a whitewash a Federal Deposit Insur- 
ance Corp. report clearing Rose of a conflict of interest in 
a case involving Madison Guaranty. 

Last Friday, the chairman of the FDIC o rde red the 
conflict investigation reopened. 

The turmoil and Mr. Fiske's request for client files has 
made some Rose lawyers apprehensive, although so far 
there, is no indication: of defections from a list that in- 
cludes most of the stale’s biggest companies, like Stephens . 
Ino, one of the country's largest investment banks, and 
tbeWortben Banking dorp., the largest banking companv 

in the state, Tyson Foods, one of the world's largest 
poultry companies and Walman, the country's biggest 

“It's been a roller-coaster ride with its ups and its 
downs," Herbert C- Rule 3d, a senior partner who has 
been ai Rose for 30 years, said in an interview in Little 

f1 We lost oar stomach for the 
whole idea of Washington.' 

Allen W. Bird 2d, a Row partner. 

Rock recently. "It’D pass. It won't be like a kidney stone 
passing. It will just sort of drift away." 

Even if that happens, the brush witt power will have left 
some lasting wounds. After Mr. Foster killed himself in 
July, the firm delayed its plans to open a small office in 
Washington until October. "We lost cnr stomach for the 
whole idea of Washington,” said Allen W. Bird 2d, a Rose 

In the months after the four former partners went to 

Washington, representatives of several foreign govern- 
ments and Pentagon contractors traveled west to Little 
Rock, hoping to capitalize on the Rose firm's bright new 
connec dons. 

The mood today is far different. Lawyers at the firm say 
the last few weeks have been mamlruous, Now, many of 
the firm's senior pinners are finding themselves distract- 
ed from their work. 

"This atmosphere undoubted!} makes u difficult for 
them to build their practice." said W. Jackson Williams 
Jr, a partner at the Little Rock firm Williams & Ander- 
son. which over the years has been on both the same and 
opposite sides as Rose lawyers. "All the publicity can't be 
terribly helpful ” 

Only a few years ago. (he Rose firm was looking 
forward to a large expansion, ft built a large addition to its 
headquarters and planned to double its size, to nearly 100 
lawyers. Now. some partners at the fum say that projected 
growth may have been overly optimistic. 

To finance the new construction, the firm took out a 
large loan, which now accounts for more than $3.9 million 
of the nearly S6 million that the firm and its partners have 
borrowed from the Worth en Bank of Little Rock. 

The firm continues to comb its records for material that 
has been sought by Mr. Fiske, the independent counsel in 
the Whitewater case, who is studying whether Madison 
improperly put money into Whitewater to prop it up, or 
Tunneled money through Whitewater into Mr. Clinton's 

The latest order issued to the firm by Mr. Fiske about 
preserving documents was prompted by an article in The 
Washington Times quoting an unidentified employee who 
claimed to have seen the shredding this month of business 
records that relate to the Clintons' real -estate interests. 

Ronald M. Clark, the firm's administrative partner, said 
those records were not shredded this month, although 
other unrelated material was destroyed and may have 
been the source of confusion. 

Mr. Clark said the firm began a policy of shredding 
confidential cheat material in 1992. as the firm became the 
focus of more attention because of Mr. Clinton's cam- 

"Every firm in America destroys sensitive material,” he 
said. "There is absolutely nothing wrong with that." 

Of Federal Agents 

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. .. . — 

n r^pais 

" By Sue Aime Pressley 

' Washington Pm Sent tr 

• - SAN ANTONIO, Texas 1 — In 
what defense lawyers called a vic- 
tory fef rdigiotts freedom; a jury 
rejected conspiracy ’murder chaises 
. against 1 1 Branch DavkUans in the 
deaths 'mfc-yhr' 'of 'four federal 
"agents. Seven of the -defendants 
- were convicted oHesserctim^ and 
. four wiU.go Tree. 

* The vcrffict Saturday came two 
days short of the anniversary of the 
Feb. -28 /gun battle last year be- 
'Jween agents of the Bureau of Alcb- 
. hoi. Totecco and .Firearms .and fol- 
lowers of. self-styled .doomsday 
prophet Etevid Koresh. ' 

Throughout the seven-week trial, 
defense attorneys 'had challenged 
the gpweriiroeot’s use of force in the 
case, claiming the Branch- Davi- 
^dians had been attacked in their 
.home hear Waco by an overzealous 
.law enforcement agency. • L - 
"This jury has stowed down the 
: runaway forse” - said a defense 
lawyer, Tim Evans oT Fort Worth. 
,'rTfvou don't say ‘Whoa’ every now 
-ana then,' we would end up with a 
•^pararmlithry police stated' 

Attorney General Janet Reno 
•saw the verdict differently. ' 

. “It is clear by this vertfict that the 
-jury found that the deaths were hot 
justified," she said in Washington. 
She had the FBI attempt to end ihc 
siege by firing tear gas into the 
Mount -Carmel compound Iasi . 
ApriTl9. “1 have alwayssmd that I 
^didn’t look at this in terms of vindi- 
"catioa” she sakL 1 - 

The defendants — 10 men and a 

■had convicted thou on all counts. 
Five Branch Davidians were found 

Gun Law, Urges 
Sterner Measures 


WASHINGTON — Preridem 
Bill Clinton, predicting that thou- 
sands of murdexs would be pre- 
vented after Umzfs on hamjgnn 
sales become law Monday, is urg- 
ing Congress to pass a '"tough and 
.smart” autwaime package, . 

Mr. Qinton. detiv ering his week- 
ly radio - address Saturday fro m a 
•police station not fkrfiom tire lLS. 
Capitol, noted that - the United 
States for the first time would have 
■nationwide controls on handgun 
purchases when the- law takes ef- 

- “The law wiir preven t thousands 

of hut^mi murders,” Mr. Qinton 
iaid It requires gun: sefios to wait 
■five working days before releasing 
„a weapon to a customer to give the 
-police tiibe to conduct background 
^checks. . .• - 

Congress ^is. expected to pass a 
crime package tins year as publfc 
'concern grows over victowe on. 
‘.America’s streets. "We.need anew 
crime bill that is both tough and 
smart," the president said, 

Mr. Clinton. -favors legislation 
-that would impose the death penal- 
ty for killing a police officer and 
life sentences for people convicted 
of three tioZenl crimes. Jfe also 
seeks funding for a 100,000 more 
local police officers. 

guilty of aiding and abetting volun- 
tary .manslanghter of Tederal offi- 
cers. which carries a maximum 10- 
year sentence. Two others were 
convicted cf firearms violations. 

. One freed defendant.' Clive 
Dqyfc, described his release as "a 
somewhat hollow victory.” With 
tears streaming down hjs face, 
sometimes unable to speak. Mr. 
Doyle, 52, said be could not help 
thinking about the losses of his 
friends and relatives in the initial 
firefkhi and in the subsequent 
April 19 fro that 'destroyed the 
sect's compound and ended its 51- 
day standoff with federal authori- 
ties. Discovered in the ruins were 
the bodies of Mr. Koresh and 
about 80 of his followers, including 
Mr. Doyle's daughter. Shari. 

"The Branch Davidians are not 
anti-government or anti-law en- 
forcement," said Mr. Doyle, an 
Australian- boro naturalized U.S. 
citizen. Tm sorry four agents are 
dead. Those m charge of that agen- 
cy are responsible (or that." 

Woodrow Kendrick, 63; also 
freed; said through tears that be 
was “still proud to be a Branch 
Davidlaa” He described Mr. Kor- 
esh as having “had more compas- 
sion for all Humankind than any- 
one I have ever met," and that he 
“loved the children like Christ did 
2,000 years ago.” ' 1 

.Taw other;* Branch* Davidians 
who were cleared — Ruth Riddle, 
30, a Canadian citizen, and Nor- 
man Allison, 29. who is British — 
were to the United States LUegally 
and deported. 

Federal prosecutors speni six 
weeks and involved 125 witnesses 
in trying to prove that the federal 
agents were ambushed by the 
Branch Davidians and that the sect 
had prepared a fuH year for the 
bloody confrontation. Ray Jahn, 
tire chief prosecutor, said that the 
four agents — Steven D. Willis. 
Robert Williams, Conway LeBleu 
and Todd W. McKeehan — “died 
protecting the constitution they 
swore to protect." 

He said he could.not account for 
the jury's decision,- except to sug- 
gest that “perhaps they thought the 
people who died were the actual 
conspirators and these people were 
perhaps the tag-afongs." 

Asked if the verdict was a state- 
ment against the use of excessive 
force by. police agencies, Mr. Jahn 
replied that “if there was excessive 
force, that needs to be resolved to 
the court, not from the band of a 
gun.” He went on' to! thank the 
agents, “a group of very brave men 
and women who on Feb. 28 walked 
into a murderous assault." 

Tire only relative of a slain agent 
in the courtroom Saturday was Lisa 
Willis of Houston, the sister of Ste- 
ven Willis-Testimony showed that 
Mr. WnBs.was most likely shot in 
tire head by a Brandi Da vidian, 
Brad Eugene Branch. a& Mr. WiUis 
crouched behind- a van during the 

rsbooting. =" ■ 

■ “I think it should Jiave been JOO 
percent guilty on all counts," she 
Saidas she stalked out of the court- 
house. ... - 

- The seven convicted defendants 
all face maximum penalties of 10 
years in prison and $250,000 fines. 
U.S. District Judge. Walter B. 
Smith Jr. said they would be sen- 
tended in six to eightweeks. 



Rob RobfiuK. The AtiaaMBi Pttu 

Wootfrow Kendrick and his wife, Jan^, after Mr. Kendrick’s aqmttal in the Brandi Daritfian affair. 

Are Cigarettes a Hard Drug? 

Ban Is Passible if Their Sale Satisfies Nicotine Addiction 

By Philip J. Hilts 

.AW ■ forA ■Tines Service ' 

and Drag Administration says evi- 

issue. This letter tees up the issue He said that if the agency could 
for debate.” make a legal finding that this was 

• Hie policy shift at the FDA was : the case, or prove it in court, “it 
signaled late last week in a letter would have a legal basis on which 

lation as a drug. - ’ ” (m Smoking or Health, an alliance mean banning any tobacco prad- 

Agency officials said ihev were °l 31 h - ad ^ fi- ? , ™ sh 

seekmg advice from Congress on petitioned the FDA to regulate cig- be addicting because addictive 
howto proceed because tbe regula- “? ,e f“ I d *!« a ' rk v , products are considered too haz- 

tiraa of cigarettes by the FDA *J ^ ner - P T - Kessler said: ardous* . 

would probably mean that their . Evidence brought to our attention FDA officials and congressional 

sale would be barred in the United “ accumulating that suggests that aides said that the effect of the 
States as on unsafe product. cigarette manufacturers may in- letter was to declare that the Food 
In a move that tobacco compa- lt ? d ■ lha: their products contain and Drug Administration has the 
tries have feared, the FDA has for l V cot, ° s l ? “ ? dd,CUon 00 authority to regulate e.gareues 
the fim rim«> take* the rwwrinn the part of someof their customers, without further congressional ac- 

petilioned the FDA to regulate cig- be addicting because addictive 

aretles as dregs. 

In the letter. Dr. Kessler said: 

products are considered too haz- 

rifle amounts of nicotine.' 

cigarette companies. 

States as on unsafe product. cigarene manunsaurers may in- letter was 10 declare mat tne rcoa 

In a move that tobacco compa- t ? ld ■ lha: ^eir products contain and Dreg Administration has the 
tries have feared, the FDA has for l V cot, ° s l ? M,,sf v a . n ? ddlcUon 00 authority to regulate e.gareues 
tire fust time taken the position depart of some of th«r customers, without further congressional ac- 
thai there are wounds tn helieve ,n facU 11 a OTr understanding tion. if the facts bear out the argu- 
tiut corapaStf^ manipulate the «** “ rat P 131 I ^ icoline . levels are being 

amount of nicotine to cigarettes to n - 1 “ tine 10 CI & T ? 1£ * “* dd J'‘ er ^ ^entionally manipulated by the 
maintain smokers' additions, and amoun,s of mcoI,ne - a * are *“ companies. 

thus cigarettes may be considered 

drug-delivery devices. __ 

Wladyslaw Sila-Nowi 

denied that the amount of nicotine v T J ▼▼ 

was increased in cigarette raanufac- __ __ 

The process of making dgarettes J) 0i0HCj.0r Oi Po lish JH 
involves separating the parts of a 

tobacco plant into stems, leaves. „ , , J ^ . . . . , 

and flavor and nicotine extracts. 77* Associated /*«, serving as ns chairman for three 

The stems and other parts are made WARSAW" — Wladyslaw Sila- years. 

into a pulp and rolled into thin Nowido, 80, who was a leading A cavalry officer at the outbreak 
sheets before the flavor and nico- adviser to the Solidarity movement of World War II and later a mem- 
tine are sprayed onto ibe sheets, and a lawyer who defended many ber of the Home .Army resistance 
The sheets are shredded and made political prisoners, tried Friday, tie movement, Mr. Sila-Nowicki 
into cigarettes, PAP news agency reported. Sen- fought in the 1944 Warsaw Upris- 

The FDA suggested that this tenced to death four times by the jng against the Nazis and was twice 
process could be interpreted as Communist regime, he defended wounded. In 1947 be was sentenced 
control tic? the amount of nicotine opposition activists and Roman in death for his membership in a 

Elders Urges Famlty Planning 

WASHINGTON — The surgeon general of the 
United States. Dr. Joycelvn Elders, says Medicaid 
must have been developed by "a white male slave 
owner” because "it fails to provide services to poor 
women to prevent unwanted pregnancies, and this 
failure contributes to poverty, ignorance and en- 

At the same time. Dr. Elders said the govern- 
ment should work closely with churches to im- 
prove public health and provide social services to 
"our poorest and most helpless citizens." 

“We always talked about the separation of 
church and state.” Dr. Elders said. “I went to 
forget about the separation. Let's try to integrate 
church and state so we can come together and 
begin :c do things that make a difference to people 
to our community." 

Dr. Elders made the comments to a speech at the 
annual meeting of the National ramify Planning 
and Reproductive Health Association, which rep- 
resents more than 4,000 family planning clinics. 
She elaborated on the comments :'r. an interview. 

Medicaid was created in 1965 to help finance 
health care for low-income people. It now serves 33 
milli on .Americans. Slate Medicaid programs gen- 
erally must cover family planning services and 
supplies, but many low-income women do not 

Moreover, Dr. Elders said, the eligibility criteria 
for pregnant women seeking prenatal care and 
obstetrical services were more liberal than the 
criteria for those who wanted family planning. 

“If we really want to do something about illegiti- 
mate births and unwanted births," she said, “Med- 
icaid should support family planning at the same 
level as prenatal care." 

"Tne Medicaid system must haw been devel- 
oped by a while male slave owner.” she said. “It 
pays for you to be pregnant and have a baby, but it 
won’t pay for much family planning." 

“White male slave owners wanted a lot of 
healthy slaves, people to work.” she observed. “We 
don't need slaves any more. We need healthy. 

Away From Politics 

• Criminals increasingly are mned with a gim when 
commuting a rape, robbery, murder or other vio- 
lent crime, the Justice Department says. The per- 
centage of crimes committed with pistols and re- 
volvers rose to 127 percent in 1992 from 92 
percent to 1979, acoordmg to a national survey. 
He number of all violent crimes involving fire- 
arms that were reported to the FBI surged 55 
percent from 1987 through 1992 to 565,575 from 

• A flag was lowered to half-staff at die World 
Trade Center at 12: 18 P.M on Saturday, the exam 
time of the bombing a year ago in which six people 
were killed. 

educated, motivated children with hope. We need 
to really invest in family planning." (NYT) 

A Favor for the White House? 

WASHINGTON — A day after acknowledging 
that he had held an unusual briefing for senior 
While House officials, the acting head of Resolu- 
tion Trust Corp- said that he was removing himself 
from his agency's investigation of a failed Arkan- 
sas savings and loan at the center of the inquiry 
into the Clintons' real estate investments. 

An administration official said that Deputy 
Treasury' Secretary Roger C. Altman, who is also 
the acting bead of Resolution Trust Corp., had 
expressed regreL over his briefing of senior White 
House aides on the agency’s investigation into the 
savings association. Madison Guaranty, and its 
lawyers and executives. 

Madison was owned by James B. McDougal and 
his wife. Susan, the Clintons’ partners to a real 
estate venture known as Whitewater Development 

Under questioning by Senate Republicans, Mr. 
Altman said be met three weeks ago with the White 
House counsel, Bernard W. Nussbaum; the deputy 
chief of staff, Harold M. I ekes; and Margaret 
Williams, chief of staff for Hillary Rodham Clin- 

Mr. Altman said be had told the White House 
aides three weeks ago that Resolution Trust was 
faring an immin ent deadline to deride whether it 
would file any cases against Madison's executives 
or its lawyers, because the statute of limitations 
would run out on Feb. 28. (NYT) 

Quote/ Unquote 

President Bill Clinton on the performance of the 
American figure skater Nancy Kerrigan: “I 
thought she was brilliant. I was so proud of the way 
she son of shut out all that ridiculous clutter that 
was around her." (A?) 

• A man upset over soured business dealings with 
his brother fatally shot the brother and an attorney 
during a break in depositions connected to tire 
dispute at a Chicago law office, tire police said. 
Shree Agrawal left the room and returned with a 
.22-caliber automatic weapon and then shot the 
two. the police said. 

• Blacks and Efispamcs are atteuSng coflege to 
increasing numbers, but they are less likely to stay 
in school and graduate than white students, the 
American Council on Education says in its annual 
report on minorities to higher education. 

Reuters, AP 

Wladyslaw Sila-Nowicki Dies, 
Defender of Polish Activists 

77* Associated Press 

WARSAW — Wladyslaw Sola- years. 

Nowido, 80, who was a leading a cavalry officer at tire outbreak 
adviser to tire Solidarity movement of World War II and later a mem- 
and a lawyer who defended many ber of the Home .Army resistan ce 
political prisoners, died Friday, tire movement, Mr. Sila-Nowicki 
PAP news agency reported. Sen- fought in the 1944 Warsaw Upris- 
t cnced to death four times by tire jng against tire Nazis and was twice 

serving as its chairman for three birthday m 1981 with a perfor- 

controlling the amount of nicotine 
to ensure addiction. 

Two committees, one to the 
House and one in the Senate, in- 
tend to hold hearings on the mat- 
ter, but it is unclear how much 

opposition activists ana Roman to death for his membership in a 
Catholic priests prosecuted during clandestine anti-Comnnmisi oiga- 
1960s and 70s. nization and was sentenced to 

A legal adviser to Lech Walesa death on three other pwaqinnQ, all 
and other Solidarity leaders in later rhanged to life imprisonment. 
1980-81, helped prepare tire star- He was freed in 1956 after nine 

tend to hold hearings on the mat- other Solidarity leaders to later changed to life imprisonment, 
ter, but it is unclear how much 198051, he helped prepare the .star- He was freed in 1956 after nine 
sentiment there might be to Con- Qto of ^ Soviet bloc s first inde- yean in jail, 
grass to take on the powerful tobac- pendoii trade union, and repre- , gabion Is Dead at 87 
Zo lobby. Congress is not likely to seated the i union it i negotiations * 

consider thelssue seriously for with the Commumst authorities. P^^ Fiwk* Owner 
some ^6. Mr. Sila-Nowicki was a muon ne- CANNES, France (AP) — Jean 

- A senior FDA official said: “The gotiator in talks in early 1989 that Sablon, 87, tire crooner who made 
impact cm society of such a ban led to the toppling of tire regime his name in French cabarets and 
would be so meat, with tire poten- several months later. Because of music halls before moving to the 
lial for a black market and other political differences with Solidarity United States in 1937, died here 

things, that we felt we should try to re ^ va . t jL Q fl Thursday. 

wort with Congress to consider the small Christian labor party m 1 989, Mr. Sablon celebrated bis 75tb 

mance at New York’s Lincoln Cen- 
ter, and gave his farewell concert to 
1983 to Rio de Janeiro. 

Lore Lorcntz. 73. the grande 
dame of postwar German cabaret, 
died of bean failure Tuesday after 
a long illness. Her death followed 
by a year that of her husband, Kay, 
with whom she founded tire cele- 
brated DQsseldorf Kom(m)ddchen 
cabaret troupe to 1947. 

George Tames, 75, who photo- 
graphed 1 1 presidents during near- 
ly a half-century as a Washington- 
based photographer for The New 
York Tunes, died to Washington 

Avery Fisher, 87, an electronics 
indusuy pioneer and philanthro- 
pist died Saturday to New Milford, 
Connecticut, of complications 
from a stroke. Philharmonic Hall in 
New York's Lincoln Center was 
renamed for him after he donated 
510.5 million to rebuild it. 

We fly to 
the Far East 
more often 
than any 
other airline. 

Republicans Say Clinton Is ‘Naive’ About Russia in Spy Case 

WASHINGTON — Leading RepubH- 
cans attacked President Bill Qin ton’s poB- 
des on Russia as naive on Sunday after the 
arrest last week or a Central Int e lli gence 
Agpncy officer accused of being a double 

Former Defense Secretary Dick Qrenw, ed in pfirbamentaiy elections m December, package, aa 
toafttpebied 10 seek the 1996 Repubfi- . the west has facet! a more assertive foreign hard lodt^ 

■ . . , U. 2 . iL. ifMmi:. siut o tlmnHrtiun m emn IIS. t 

can presidential nanuudon, accused Mr. 
Clinton of being sofl on Moscow in re* 

e . UJJ. U.w 'AvrtMd 

a CIA officer charged tast week wth hav- 
ing be« « double agent since 1985. 

“I think s traditional kind of response 
that wefoe,had in. the past when we’ve 
caught titan involved in espionage would 
have been appropriate^T io send a tot of- 
than homer he said to an NBC News 
interview program. • 

- -On Friday, lire^OintOfl adminWtmoB: 

CXpaiGU niOBUUH u;awvw, — 

the State Depahmeii as- Moscow's 

iatdUgeoce officer in tbe United States, 
after-Moscow refuied to withdraw him 
voluntarily. The- administration bad 
pressed for action after the arrest Monday 
of Mr. Ames, a framer head of tire Soviet 
couDterinteUtesoe branch. 

Ever since Russian itfennoa.were rout- 
ed in pftriiamentart ejections in December, 
, the west has facetf a more assertive foreign 
policy in tire Kremlin and -a slowdown m 
-Russan economic reforms. 

Relations Tiave also been tested over 
President Boris N, Yeltsin’s veto of NATO 
memb ership for members- of- the framer 
Soviet bloc and bis assertion of Russian 
interests in Bosma. : ^ 

Senator Richard G. Lugar, Republican 
of. Indiana, a member of tire Senate Intelli- 
gence.- Committee, advocated making 
toagb-minded buaness and political deals 
wjtb Russia that -are to UJS. totraesUsto- 
duding nuclear nonpnrfiferatkui,' 

.--“But we have to get over the: idea, I 

think, that this is a partnership he said. 
“This is a tough rivalry. Ana that is an 
important distinction to make." 

Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, 
tire senior Republican oc tbe Senate sub* 
committee that overseas Russian aid and a 
co-sponsor of this year's $2J billion aid 
package, said it was rime to “take a good 
hard look” at whether it made sense to 
send U.S. taxpayer aid to Russia. 

' “Maybe that money would be better 
roent m some of these countries under 
Russian dominance,** he said on an ABC 
News interview program. ... 

Mr. Cheney, who has set up a poutical 
action committee to a prelude to the ex- 
pected White House run, termed the ad- 
ministration “naive" about what was gou« 
on to Russia and said it should pursue U.& 
national interests more aggressively. 

“Perhaps we ought to go back, for exam* 

pie, and reconsider our decision not to 
allow membership in NATO to the Poles, 

the Czech Republic and tire Hungarians." 
he said. 

Asked whether he thought Mr. Clinton 
had been “soft" on Russia m the context of 
the Ames case, Mr. Cheney replied: “I 
think that's a fair statement. 

■ He Worked lor IV 

Lee Hockstader of The Washington Post 
reported from Moscow: 

The chief of the Russian armed forces 
general staff said publicly over the week- 
end that Mr. Ames had been spying for 

"He worked there and worked for us.” 
said Lieutenant General Mikhail Kolesni- 
kov at a news conference. “He defended 
our interests because he exposed spies who 
were pumping Russian secrets to the Unit- 
ed States.* 

General Kolesnikov's comment was tbe 
first from a high-ranking Russian official 
acknowledging U.S. charges that Mr. Ames 

had been working for Moscow. Since his 
arrest. Russian officials had been accusing 
Washington of overdramatiztog the case, 
without denying that Mr. Ames had be- 
trayed U.S. secrets. 

It was not clear how General Kolesni- 
kov, as a military man. would have first- 
hand knowledge of sensitive espionage ac- 
tivities carried out by the Russian Security 
Ministry — or its predecessor, the KGB 
security service. In tire past, there has been 
considerable tension bmween the Russian 
defense and political-security officials. 

Over the weekend, a spokesman for the 
Russian intelligence service — another 
KGB successor agency — repeated re- 
marks by Russian diplomats that Moscow 
would soon retaliate by expelling an Amer- 
ican intelligence official from Moscow. 
There was speculation that the GA station 
chief in Moscow might soon be asked to 

Singapore.- Airlines offer* you 42 flights from 14 
European cities to Singapore even- week. All connect to 
over 300 flights to the Far East, Australia and New 
Zealand, and «»f course, all have inflight service even 4 
other airlines talk about. SinQAPORE AIRUnES 

Plage 4 


UN to Risk Bolder Stance on Aid Convoys 

By John Pomfret 

H'astiingtcw Pan Serrice 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovi- 
na — In an important policy shift 
designed to bolster the resurgent 
United Nations operation in Bos- 
nia, the commanoer of UN forces 
in Bosnia has decided to move re- 
lief convoys through the country 
without asking permission from 
battling factions, UN officials said 

The first important test of the 
new policy will occur Monday 
when UN relief convoys are sched- 
uled to travel from Metkovic in 
Croatia up a long-Obstructed road 
through Mosiar and Jablanica to 

UN officials said, however, that 
a second test, the movement of UN 
aid convoys across Sarajevo's bat- 
tle-scarred Bridge of Brotherhood 
and Unity, which connects Serbi- 
an-held territory with land con- 
trolled by (he Muslims, would 
probably be postponed because 
Serbian Army officers have warned 
UN aid workers that they will 

shoot at convoys trying to pass over 
the bridge. 

Under the new guidelines, UN 
officials will notify the waning 
sides that they plan to take convoys 
across their lines but no longer will 
they allow tbe convoys to be tamed 
back. The decision, made by Sir 
Michael Rose, the Bri tish lieuten- 
ant general cnnwnanding the UN 
forces, highlights the increasingly 
aggressive line that General Rose 
has taken since he arrived in Bosnia 
more than a month ago. 

Still, the change in a UN policy, 
which previously sought to placate 
rival factions by allowing them al- 
most complete freedom to decide 
which convoys went where, will 
come as a shock to Bosnia’s war- 
ring bands and could prove danger- 
ous Tor the UN operation. 

Indeed, at a meeting on Sunday 
afternoon in Lukavica Barracks, 
from where Serbian forces have 
guided their 22-month-old siege of 
Sarajevo, Serbian officers warned 
UN aid workers not to try to cross 
the Sarajevo bridge, again putting 

the Bosnian Serbs on a collision 
course with General Rose. 

"The Serbs told us there is no 
way we’regrang across,” a UN offi- 
cial said. We said that under the 
new rules we didn’t need their ap- 
proval and that we were amply 
notifying them. They said they 
would wool” 

General Rose could call on 
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion planes if his convoys were 
blocked. The UN Security Council 
approved the use of ^necessary 
force” to deliver humanitarian aid 
in Bosnia as far back as 1992, but 
so far it has never been invoked. 

UN officers in Sarsgevo ap- 
peared split between those like 
General Rose who is p ushing the 
bolder approach and Brigadier 
General Andrfc Soubirou of 
France, commander of the Saraje- 
vo sector, who favors tbe old UN 

General Rose's headquarters 
said first that the Bridge of Broth- 
erhood and Uniry would be opened 
Monday for relief convoys and ci- 

vilian traffic. Then General Soubir- 
ou’s office issued a contradictory 
announcement, saying the bridge 
would be open oily for civilian 

“We are a little confused here," 
said one UN aid official 

■ Rose Seeks More Troops 

A Muslim-Croatian trace ap- 
peared shaky cm Sunday, adding 
weight to a plea by the United 
Nations commander in Bosnia- 
Herzegovina for more troops to 
bade it up, Reuters reported from 

General Rose said the cease-fire 
and efforts to negotiate a peace 
settlement could fafi unless the 
West committed more forces. 
“People here have really had 
enough of this senseless killing,” he 

General Rose said be wanted 
3,000 to 5,000 more UN peace- 
keeping troops as quickly as posa- 
ble to form a buffer between war- 
ring Muslim and Croatian forces. 

SPY: Schoolmates Recall Accused CIA Agent as Being r Witty 9 ? Not 'Wily' 

Continued from Page 1 

Rosario Ames chided her husband after he 
admitted his reluctance to go out in the rain. 

High school classmates were so impressed by 
Ricky Ames’s cleverness that they voted him 
“wittiest" during senior year. The black-and- 
white photo illustrating this award shows Ricky 
Ames hamming it up, hand clutching his belly 
and face scrunched up in a huge guffaw. 

The criminal complaint against Mr. Ames 
and his wife notes that a northwest Washington 
mailbox he allegedly marked with chalk as a 
signal to KGB handlers was code-named “S S. 

“He traveled with this set that was a combi- 
nation of artsy-crafty and intellectual,” recalled 
Michael HorwatL an attorney who was a high- 
school chum. They liked the game of clever- 
ness. They had a touch or smugness about 

Herb Erh was stunned to learn that the 
Aldrich Hazen Ames making headlines was the 
Rickv Ames he used to pal around with. 

T'raean, he never struck me as the wily 
kind,” he said. “I thought he was going to be a 
thespian. He had more of an artistic bent than a 
bureaucratic bent. I wouldn’t have pictured him 
working in an organization as highly structured 
as the CIA.” 

Of more than a dozen former classmates, 
friends and distant relatives, most had vivid 
memories not of Ricky Ames, but of his moth- 
er. Rachel. 

Rachel Ames was described as a woman of 
extraordinary integrity, a doting mother and a 
beloved teacher at McLean High SchooL 

“He was the apple of her eye, really," recalled 
a family friend. Jane Wilhelm. “I think it might 
kill her to know this if she were still alive.” 

Mr. Ames was a second-generation spy for 
the Central Intelligence Agency, the only son of 
a history professor recruited by the agency in 
the 1950s. Carle too Ames soon traded his ivo- 
ry-tower life in Wisconsin for a dangerous and 
exotic posting in newly independent Burma. 
Ricky moved with his parents and his two 
younger sisters to Rangoon when he was 10. 

Mrs. Wilhelm, now 80. can still see him all 
spiffed up for his first day or school at the new 
British academy there. Mr. Wilhelm was enroll- 
ing her own three children that day. She and 
Rachel Ames became lifelong friends until Mrs. 
Ames, by then a widow, died of a heart attack in 

“Carleton was a very handsome man. utlL 
with a beautiful mane of gray hair.” recalled 
Mrs. Wilhelm, who later became the assistant 
principal at McLean High and got Mrs. Ames 

her teaching job there when the family relo- 
cated to Washington. The Ameses moved into a 
modest brids Cape Cod across the street from 
the school. 

Othere also remembered Carleton Ames as 
an imposing, somewhat dashing figure. It was 
an open secret that he was a CIA agent. There 
was something else Carleton Ames could not 
hide very well either his alcoholism. 

Mrs. Wilhelm and several other longtime 
family friends acknowledged this. Carleton 
Ames was known to sometimes go on binges 
and vanish. It was not something the glib Ricky 
Ames was given to talking about. 

“His mother was generally viewed as a 
saint," said one former friend. “She went 
through hell.” 

The friend remembered someone telling him 
that Carleton Ames “would kind of disappear 
off the radar screen." 

“Mis. Ames would take solace in the fact 
that, wherever he was. the CIA would find 
him. " the friend said. 

Still Carleton Ames evidently provided 
something of a role model for Ricky, who. like 
his father, earned a college degree in history, 
and, like his father, joined the CIA. 

“Ricky never had any job except the CIA his 
whole life." Mrs. Wilhelm said. 



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Grigori Dahea. Ratal 

Alexander V.Rutskoi, the former Russian vice president, wbowasamoi^ those freed from prison od 
a paifiamentai y amnesty, leaving las apartment Sunday to go lor a warn whh bis son and las dog. 

RUSSIA: Khasbulatov, Out of Prison, Quits Politics 

Contmocd from Page 1 
“not seeking revenge. He is a realist 
and is sura of himself.” 

Mr. Fyodorov said he expected 
Mr. Rutekoi to make some state- 
ment in a couple of weeks, after he 
has had a chance to assess tbe new 
economic and political dimate. 

Since the October uprising, Rus- 
sians have dected a new parliament 
do mina ted by Co mmunis ts and ul- 
tranationalists as opposed to many 
of Mr. Yeltsin’s political and eco- 
nomic reforms as Mr. Rntskoi and 
other rebels were. 

At the same time, Mr. Yeltsin 
himself appears to be moving to- 
ward more centrist positions, in- 
ducting softeningeconomic reform 
and reassertmg^ Russia's interests 
more assertively overseas. The 
leading opposition politician is 
now Vladimir V. Zhirinovsky, an 
ultranationalist who also intends to 
run for president in 1996. 

Mr. Rutskoi said nothing to rc- 


Yol. 1, A Star Shines Over 
Mt. Morris Park 
By Henry Roth. 290 pages. $23. 
St Martin's. 

Reviewed by 
Morris Dicks tein 

B Y now most readers of serious 
fiction know the unusual his- 
tory of Hairy Roth’s “Call It 
Sleep,” arguably one of the half- 
dozen best American novels of the 
20th century. Almost forgotten for 
decades after it appeared m 1 934, it 
was reprinted ana acclaimed as a 
classic in 1964 and has sold over a 
million copies in the 30 years since. 
Written with an ecstatic autobio- 
graphical intensity, “Call It Sleep" 
portrays the terror and cariosity of 
a young boy growing up on the 
tough immigrant streets of Browns- 
ville and the Lower East Side of 
New York just before World War 1. 

Roth's difficulties as a writer af- 
ter “Call It Sleep" were legendary. 
He came to fed that he should have 
taken up the thread of tbe young 
boy’s story, pursuing the personal 
vein his talent demanded. Instead 
he joined the Communist Party and 
tried to write proletarian fiction, 
struggling with panic, self-hatred, 
and depression anti! he abandoned 
writing entirely. 

The rediscover of “Call It Seep" 
propelled Roth to give up his hard 
life as a waterfowl farmer in Maine, 
to move to New Mexico and sporad- 
ically to begin writing again. The 
results were spotty untD 1979, when 
be embfflked on a huge autobio- 
graphical novel called “Mercy of a 

Rude Stream.” It was never intend- 
ed to appear in Ins lifetime tail now, 
the first of six completed volumes 
cranes before os, just as the author 
turns 88. 

“Mercy of a Rude Stream" is less 
a sequel to “Call It Sleep" than a 
continuing assault on the same auto- 
biographical terrain. 

On the surface the family in 
“Mercy of a Rude Stream" is tbe 
same as in “CaO It Steep": the senri- 
tive, dever, easily frightened child. 



For tart, U6i Jnd Acrtmlc 
Expirim * la Ctasram 

porters when he emerged from las 
central Moscow apartment build- 
ing briefly Sunday to walk his dog. 

Another Yeltsin foe who was 
amnestied, Hya Konstantinov, who 
beaded the altranattonalist Nation- 
al Salvation Front, said that die 
freed men were “not interested in 
bringing political strife to Russia 
beyond legitimacy.” 

“They intend to^ work to stabilize 
die political situation,” he said. 

He said he intended to take some 
time and size up the c ur rent situa- 
tion before deciding on his political 


Mr. Yeltsin had appealed to the 
prosec ut o r general Alexei Kazan- 
rrik. to delay the release by not 
si gning the official papers. Bui Mr. 
Kazamnk rqitied that while he sup- 
ported Mr. Yeltsin, who appointed 
him after the October uprising, the 
Russian Constitution barred any 
tampering with the amnesty. Mr. 
Kazamnk then resigned, saying he 

could not bear to authorize the re- 
lease of “instigators” of “murders 
and pogroms. Os deputy ended 
up signing the amnesty papera. 

It was a day of bitter irony for. 
Mr. Yeltsin, who almost five 
months ago seemed to have won a 
final if bloody, struggle, with op- 
ponents who had sought to derail 
his reforms and force him out of 
tbe preadency. On Saturday they 
walked free, courtesy of the new 

parliament and the new, Ydtsin- 
drafted constitution, both installed 
as a result of tbe Dec. 12 election 
and referendum that the Russian 
leader had hoped would usher in a 
more cooperative era. 

Mr. Ydtsin has made no direct 
public comment on tbe amnesty, 
and Us advisers seemed in disarray 
about how to respond. Even after 
Mr. Ycl tan's bitterest foes had 
been freed, his advisers were bick- 
ering about who was respooable 
and whether the amnesty decree 
should have been obeyed so swiftly. 



'• Dougjjas fiord, British foreign 
secretary, is reading “Broken Lives: 
Separation and Divorce in England, 
1660-1857” by Lawrence Stone. 

“The book is a riveting and im- 
proper tale of aristocratic carryings 
on and has kept me distracted for 
many hours when I should have 
been studying my briefs." 

(Michael KaUenbach. IHT} 

W (310] 471-0306 
FAX: (310) 471-6456 
Ca* ir wtta tor takmikB* 
or Wd i m **S HfiWrt lor Fita E v dataii 

focific Western University 
6 M N . 548UMNU &V 0 . u«n ?3 . 

, Los Anodes CA 90049 , 

the domineering, ineffectual father 
given to towering rages, the sensu- 
ous, over-protective mother whose 
enveloping love makes it harder for 
her son to grow up. Yet the picture 
has subtly changed, along with 
Roth's fictional technique. 

The key to this change is not 

but* 1 that Roth ^ t 1ound another 
way of fictionalizing the past 
Though “Call It Sleep was also a 
memory novel, Roth shaped its ev- 
ery detail around the consciousness 
of the child. Roth later renounced 
this method as too Joycean or mod- 

in the late 1970s, Roth devel- 
oped a more detached, more jagged 
approach to his life, reshaping his 
memories yet also interrupting 
them with concerns of the moment 
This postmodern approach breaks 
up tire unity of the. narration, un- 
dercuts its verisimilitude and serves 
it up in beautifully crafted frag- 
ments and quick glimpses. 

By Alan Truscott 

T HE Cap Volmac World Top 
tournament which ended in 
January in The Hague, won plau- 
dits from the players. 

It is not easy to deride whether 
North-South should bid six dubs 
on tbe diagramed deal and the 
players wore split down the middle: 
four bid the aam and went down, 
and other four rested in four 
spades. Twelve tricks can be made 
eiafly if both black suits divide 3-2, 
and there are some slight extra 
chances. This makes it slightly 
worse than 50 percent, and in this 
situation one needs slighdy better 
than that to justify the attempt 
Cohen held the Smith hand, 
playing with David Berkowitz of 
Old Tappan, New Jersey, and bid 
xx. chibs by the sequence shown.- 
One diamond was required, since 
one dub would have been strong 
and artificial; the two^amoud re- 

Roth’s interpolations are cast as 
dialogues with bis computer, trib- 
utes to bis wife, diary notations, ot 
extended footnotes to the passage 
he’s retyping. These comments re- 
turn obsssivdy to twoconcems. the 
problem of rcmonbering, of restor- 
ing the lost plenitude of the past, 
and the protracted anguish of his 
writing career, winch he blames on 
the distorted development of his 
deeply conflicted personality. He 
exhumes hispast. broods over it, “to 
make dying easier." 

“Mercy of a Rude Stream," 
though it dwells on the boy’s love 
of words and stories, is no Roman- 

Lear-tike work about an old man 
r eme m b erin g. It turns on a mor- 
dant sp ee c h by Cardinal Wolsey in 
Shakespeare's “Henry VIII." after 
his fall from grace, where be com- 
pares die “high-blown pride” of 
youth, swimming buoyantly “in a 

sea of glory," with tbe wreckage of 


bid as an artificial game-force; and 
four diamonds was a Blackwood 

East and West were Gar Hd- 
gemo and Tar Hdness of Norway, 
who were en route to a convincing 
victory. Heines led the diamond 
queen, winning the first trick, and 
continued with a second diamond. 
Smith was forced to niff, and the 
hand fell apart when the trumps 
failed, to break evenly. The result 
was down two, and a gam of nine 
imps for the Norwegians. 

Andrew RtAson Britain actu- 
ally had a chance to make six dubs. 
Tat opening lead was the heart 
three, and be could have played the 
right from the dummy. He would 
then have been able to maneuver to 
discard his diamond loser on a 
■heart winner in dummy. .But he 
tfaqnghtit necessary to preserve the 
heart entry in his hand, and won 
die first trick with the bean ace. 

Plan Seeks 
To Contain 

The Associated Pros 

national security advisee, W. An- 
thony Lake, has laid out a plan for 
“dual containment" of ^nd 
Inn and their hostility to the Unit- 
ed States. 

He calls them “outlaw" and 
“backlash" states, along with 
Cuba, North Korea and Libya. 

But Mr. Lake makes a distinc- 
tion between Saddam Hussein’s 
Iraq and the fundamentalist Mus- 
lim government of Iran in an article 

appearing Monday in the quarterly 
Foreign Affairs. He says the din- 
ton administration supports Iraqi 
■ exiles, who want to overthrow Mr. 
Saddam With Iran, he foresees the 
possibility of better relations. 

“In Iraq, the regime is responsi- 
ble for both war crimes and crimes 
against humanity, a regime whose 
invasion of Kuwait and gassin g of 
its own people have rendered it an 
inter natio nal renegade," he wrote. 

He also condemns “outlaw be- 
havior” by Iran, saying it “is the 
foremost sponsor of terrorism and 
assassination worldwide." But he 

“We remain ready for an author- 
itative dialogue in which we will 
raise aspects of Iranian behavior 
that cause us so much concern." 

The din ton adminis tration “is 
not confronting a blatantly aggres- 
sive state that invaded and occu- 
pied a weaker neighbor,” he says. 

Mr. Lake lays ont different ways 
of dealing with the two countries. 

In a swipe at former Presidents 
Ronald Reagan and George Bush, 
be recalled mat they tried to bufld 
up “moderates" in Iran. 

“These same ‘moderates' are re- 
sponsible for die very polities we 
mid so objectionable," he wrote. 

He said Iran wanted to dominate 
the Gulf. To prevent that, he noted 
cooperation by the Gin ion admin- 
istration with allies to keep materi- 
als for chemical and nuclear weap- 
ons out of I ranian hands. It also 
keeps watch to prevent Iran from 
getting missiles from “c ur re n t sup- 
pliers, including North Korea," he 

He calls containment of Iran a 
harder job because some countries 
want to deal with it and there are 
do United Nations Security Coun- 
cil resolutions against Iran as there 
are against Iraq. 

Tbe international community is 
sufficiently alarmed by^Mr Sad- 
dam's behavior, he says, to support 
Washington's insistence on full 
c omplianc e of sanctions imposed 
three years ago. after Iraq's inva- 
sion oi KuwaR. 

U Y 

To our readers biBdqi 

fa never been easier 
to subscribe and save. 

Just cJ tail-tree: 

old age, which has left him, “weary 
and dd with service, to the mercy/ 
of a rude stream that must for ever 
hide me." 

The rude stream of course is 
time, tbe vagaries of fortune. Roth 
now feels that it has been genuinely 
merciful, allowing him finally to 
overcome his sdf-coatempt and 
piece together these remote, indeli- 
ble memories. He has not lost his 
latent for vivid description. In re- 
capturing fragments of his own 
past, he also brings back a lost 
world — tbe streets, tenements, 
schools, parks, and trolley ears of 
Jewish and Irish Harlem 80 years 
ago, as well as a boisterous immi- 
grant family straight off the boat. 

Like a man who has stared too 
long at the sun, the writer is ob- 
sessed with toe enigma of his life, 
eqxxaaDy his failure to develop 
from tbe bright promise of bis first 
book. This is partly a diagnostic 
work, a case study cast as personal 
history, with a journal of explana- 
tions cutting across the pages of a 
novel More discontinuous, less 
gripping than “Call It Steep," h is 
nonetheless an essential pendant to 
iL That the book exists at all is a 
miracle. By returning to literature 
and resuming bis story in dd age, 
Roth has wrested an unhkdy tro- 
phy from the c hitchat of unhappi- 
ness, depression and inner turmofl. 

Morris Dldutdn, who teaches 
English a Queens College and is di- 
rector of the Center for the Human- 
ities al the CUNT Graduate School, 
wrote Ms for The Wadungton Post. 

Like everyone else, he then went 
down to defeal 


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Page 5 

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Page 6 

The Massacre at Hebron 

The terrible slaughter at Hebron in the 
West Bank is being attributed by Israeli offi- 
cials to one deranged man. But the American- 
born doctor whose attack led to the death of 
more than 40 Muslims and the wounding of 
perhaps 170 others, while he perhaps acted 
alone, acted in a political context created by 
others who were not deranged. The broad 
context was one of an occupation that rose 
from a deep hostility between Arabs and Is- 
raelis and has been sustained by their mutual 
inability to find a way to live side by side. 

The narrower context arose from the Israeli 
government's failure to control the proven 
menace of armed settlers determined to defy 
their own government’s reach for peace. This 
is the lesson of this awful incident: not that 
one crazed Jewish settler did it but that the 
supposedly responsible authorities on both 
sides failed to do everything they could to 
prevent it. For instance, the Israeli govern- 
ment might have taken earlier some of the 
steps it began taking after the killing to better 
police the West Bank settlers. 

Friday's slaughter differs only in degree 
from the violence that Israelis and Palestin- 
ians have been dealing to each other for de- 
cades. It will no doubt stoke further rage 

among aggrieved Palestinians, with all too 
predictable and grisly consequences. Yet like 
the blast that killed 6S civilians in Sarajevo 
last month, it has the potential — by the 
media-multiplied shock of the death toll — to 
alter the conduct of the conflict of which it is a 
part If properly exploited, the incident could 
conceivably rescue violence from the deadly 
routine or another “cycle" and summon polit- 
ical leaders to review their approach to peace 
bargaining. The Hebron crime is a glimpse of 
a future that neither Israelis nor Palestinians 
can possibly want to taste and share. 

President Bill Clinton responded with a call 
to Israelis and Palestinians to resume their 
peace talks promptly in Washington and to 
stay “in continuous session until their work is 
completed.” Both accepted. At too slow a 
pace, they have been fighting out details of the 
agree mem for limited Palestinian autonomy 
and Israeli withdrawal that they signed in 
Washington last fall Hebron underlines the 
urgency. An agreement would not directly 
touch the site of the latest crime, but it would 
provide Israelis and Palestinians an essential 
demonstration that their fate is in the hands of 
political leaders, not murderers. 


In Mexico, a Healthy Turn 

Encouraging reports are coming from the 
Mexican state of Chiapas, where government 
and guerrilla negotiators seem to have 
reached agreements on several local issues. 

Even more important for the rest of Mexico 
is another set of talks proceeding more quietly 
between the country’s main political parties. 
The subject is how to make this year’s presi- 
dential elections fairer and more believable 
than the fraud-ridden exercises of the past. 

A major breakthrough on this front could 
come as soon as Monday, when the parties 
meet again in Mexico City. But that is only 
likely to happen if the ruling party's presiden- 
tial candidate, Luis Donaldo Colosio Mur- 
rieta, actively aligns himself with the cause 
of electoral reform. 

The two sets of talks — Chiapas and Mexi- 
co City — are (inked Electoral reform had 
been swept off the political agenda until 
armed Zapatista guerrillas burst into several 
Chiapan towns on Jan. 1 demanding national 
as well as local changes. When the govern- 
ment treated this as a purely local uprising, 
national opposition parties took up some of 
the Zapatista electoral demands as their own. 

Alarmed by displays of broad public sym- 
pathy for the rebel program, the ruling Insti- 
tutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI. abrupt- 
ly softened its anti-reform stance. The first 
result was an informal pact between all the 
main parties late last month. Now. the opposi- 

tion parties are pressing for further changes 
and for formal codification of what has been 

and for formal codification of what has been 
agreed into enforceable laws. 

The PRI has monopolized national power 
since it was formed by the victorious generals 

of the Mexican Revolution in 1928. The last 
presidential election, in 1988. was marred by 
lost ballots, mysteriously stalled computers and 
doubt about whether the PRI candidate. Carlos 
Salinas de Gortari, had actually woo. Since 
then. Mr. Salinas has strengthened the PRI and 
cleaned up some of the most flagrant abuses. 

But as the current presidential campaign 
began, the old unreformed and increasingly 
embarrassing system creaked back to life. 

Without benefit of primaries or any other 
democratic instrument. Mr. Salinas person- 
ally decreed Mr. Colosio as his chosen suc- 
cessor. Though the automatic front-runner, 
the PRI candidate has no independent man- 
date of his own. not a happy situation for 
him or one likely to promote public trust in 
the political system. 

As Mexico's parties work out the mechani- 
cal details of electoral reform, the most con- 
structive role for the Clinton administration 
would be to make dear Washington’s prefer- 
ence for a campaign free of intimidation and a 
ballot count free of fraud. 

The main actors in this drama are the Mexi- 
cans themselves. A number of them, induding 
Mr. Salinas, and his peace negotiator in Chia- 
pas. Manuel Camacho Solis, have risen admi- 
rably to the challenge. In fact, Mr. Camacho, 
who was passed over for the PRI presidential 
nomination, has thoroughly stolen the lime- 
light from the offidal nominee. Mr. Colosio. 

Mr. Colosio can grab it back, and establish 
some independent credibility, by strongly and 
publicly identifying himself with the cause of 
radical democratic reform. 


These Fallen Journalists 

The murder of journalists has become a 
global plague. At least 56 journalists were 
killed last year while gathering news, includ- 
ing nine in Algeria, seven in Moscow, four in 

Turkey and three in Angola. 
Within the past 13 month; 

Within the past 13 months, five journalists 
died while on duty for The Associated Press, 
the greatest toll in so short a period in the 
agency’s 146-year history. 

Why the escalation? One reason is that the 
rules have changed. In earlier wars, belliger- 
ents generally tolerated correspondents, who 
were normally unarmed and plainly identi- 
fied. Now journalists are not only exposed to 
fire but deliberately targeted, as in Bosnia, or 
taken hostage, as in Beirut. 

This happens in the United States, too. Two 
years ago in Queens. New York, a crusading 
journalist, Manuel de Dios Unanue, was 
gunned down by a contract killer who, under 
orders from a Colombian drug cartel silenced 
the former editor of New York’s leading 
Spanish-language daily. El Diario-La Prensa. 

The proper response is for governments 
and press organizations to clamor for the 

killers’ prosecution. That was possible in Mr. 
de Dios’s case but is not always feasible else- 
where. The AP staff members were killed in 
turbulent circumstances in Somalia. Afghani- 
stan. South Africa and in a battle between 
Georgian and Abkhazian soldiers in the for- 
mer Soviet Union. 

But where killers are beyond the reach of 
justice, the memory of the dead can be kept 
alive. A recent conference commemorated the 
death of four journalists in Mogadishu last 
July. Ail were killed by a mob because they 
were foreign journalists. 

One of the victims was Dan Eldon, a 22- 
year-old Reuters photographer. A selection of 
his evocative pictures of Somalia is now on 
display at the Columbia University School of 
International and Public Affairs, in New York. 

There is as yet no single place where the 
names and work of journalists like Dan Eldon 
can be preserved; perhaps it is time to consid- 
er such a memorial to those who have given 
their lives while recording the bravery and 
follies of the human race. 


Other Comment 

Let There Be No More Hebrons 

The critical task facing Israeli and Palestin- 
ian authorities now is to use every means at 
their disposal to uy to make the latest terrorist 
outrage that has occurred in the long war 
between their two peoples the last. 

It is vital that the political fanatics, the 
religious zealots, the armed lunatics on both 
sides be disarmed and watched closely, not 

simply because the delicate peace process 
must be defended but, fundamentally and 
imperatively, to prevent any more innocent 
blood from being shed. 

Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin's govern- 
ment, condemning the killings in the stron- 
gest terms, has taken an important step to 
tighten what clearly were inadequate con- 
trols over those Israelis who have made 
no secret of their fierce opposition to 

International Herald Tribune 




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P I N I 

May We First Mourn the Dead? 

W ASHINGTON —The internal 
demons of Baruch Goldstein, 

VV demons of Baruch Goldstein, 
the Israeli settler who massacred doz- 
ens of Palestinians in Hebron mi Fri- 
day, are beyond our reach or under- 
standing. They died with Mr. 
Goldstein. But the spore of those 
demons lives on in the political uses 
that others would make of Mr. Gold- 
stein's crime against humanity. 

The blood had not beat scrubbed 
from the floor of the Ibrahim 
Mosque in Hebron before members 
of Kadi, the radst anti-Arab move- 
ment founded by Rabbi Meir Ka- 
hane. rushed to tell interviewers that 

By Jim Hoagland 

Reacting to the Hebron 
massacre, bureaucrats 
and politicians put their 
awn needs above die 
horrors visited on victims 
and their families. 

Mr. Goldstein’s massacre was an act 
of valor. The trilling s were necessary 
to derail a peace agreement that 
would be fatal for Israel if carried 
through, a Kadi member idd CNN. 

Modem atrocities are followed by 
such electronic rituals. Today Jews 
in Kach tell os that their holy cause 
justifies die destruction of innocent 
bystanders in great numbers, echo- 
ing the jihad mentality of the Mus- 
lims who bombed the World Trade 
Center in New York a year ago 

Vengeance and justice are mine, 
say Kadi and Islamic Jihad in the 
same breath. The initial reports of 
Mr. Goldstein's actions make the 

gunman in New York in, 1990. 

But the motivations and needs of 
political leaders and the societies 
they represent are far removed from 
the fedmgs of power! essuess and an- 
ger that usually spark individual ter- 
rorist outrages. Such acts rarely have 
the larger political impact that their 
perpetrators and supporters intend. 
The only lasting meaning of these 
acts lies in the lives wasted and shat- 
tered in the fire of revenge that acts 
of terrorism express and stoke, 

Mr. Goldstein’s murder spree will 
have only one immediate, sure con- 
sequence: It will cause the death of 
more Jews in the occupied territories. 

And those revenge killings by Pales- 
tinians wifi in time spawn new Gold- 
steins in what the diplomats chilling- 
ly call the “spiral of violence." 

The ritualistic reactions of 
spokesmen far Kadi today (and for 
Islamic Jihad tomorrow) demon- 
strate anew that any event, however 
irrational and tragic, can be exploit- 
ed by those interested only in their 
own agenda and version of the 
truth. These are good deaths, the 
spokesmen say: They can be put to 

from whal Mr. Rabin called “crazed 
actions of disturbed individuals." 

Palestinian sxritesmeo immediate- 
ly died the Hebron massacre as 
proof of the honoK of Isradtoqcn- 
pation and as reason for the Israelis 
to make greater coaoesaons in their 
negotiations with Yasser Arafat. 
Otherwise, the. peace process must 
stop, the Palestinians maintained 

For Mr. Goldstein, his supi»rt as 
and ioo many others, the victims m 
Hebron are pieces on a chessboard of 
revenge and maneuver. Thor Eves . 
cannot be restored or mended by a 
peace process or any other process. 

Their lives have been destroyed by an 
?np»r that happened to r 8 *” 1 them at 
the wrong moment They deserve onr 
grief, not our calculation. 

The Washington Post -- 

i ~ 

■: i’* - 
■ * - • 

Stand Against 

• >r . 

By Michael Lemer 

N EW YORK — The murder of more than 40 
Palestinians at prayer La a mosque in the West 
Bank town of Hebron on Friday cannot be di smis sed, 
as die action of a psychopath and nothing mare. 

Yes, Baruch Goldstein, a religiously observant Ye- 
shiva University graduate who was armed wnh an 
automatic rifle, was crazy. But his craziness minors a 
climate of hatred nurtured by Jews of the far right. - 
Threatened with tire possibility of peace, a growing 
number of far-right Jews in Ammca and Israel have 
tulkfri as if a new Holocaust might occur unless tire 
Israeh-Palestimaa peace accord was scrapped. 

• Last month, many Orthodox congregations in New 

ourpolitical use. ' 

This is pathology on parade. 

The politicians and diplomats 
who are the ultimate targets of the 
Hebron massacre or the bombing of 
Pan Am Flight 103 respond with 
their own rituals, denying that ter- 
rorism wiD intimidate them. Secre- 
tary of State Warren Christopher 
immediate ly expressed honor over 
the terrorism in Hebron and assert- 
ed that it underscored tire need for 
“continuing the peace process.” 

That is a rational efficient re- 
sponse for a UB. diplomat trying to 
help Hi gnwr a settlement in the 
Middle East But I suspect that if 
Baruch Goldstein had showed up at 
the Ibrahim Mosque with roses in- 
stead of an M-lo assault rifle, the 
St uff Department also would have 
reacted with a statement about the 
need to “continue the peace process." 

The bureaucracy has its own 
needs. Evident in the statement an 
Hebron is a policymaker's honor 
over the potential impact of this 
event on diplomacy. Lacking is a 
considered reflection on the person- 
al horrors via ted on the victims 
atiH their Famili es. 

Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin 
was also predictable in his reaction. 
His denunciation of this “loathsome 
criminal act" distanced the Israeli 
government and the Israeli nation 

can be put to 

suicide bombers of HaboUah. In the 
special hell dead taTorists should oc- 
cupy, they can compare notes. 

Invariably, what Mr. Goldstein 
and the Hezbollah bombers, the 
Serb militiame n who cut Croatian 
throats in the name of their Ortho- 
dox Christian religion and other ter- 
rorist-fanatics do is to pour out a 
lifetime of personal anger and frus- 
tration into acts they believe wifi 
have broad political meet 

The bystanders they kill and 
maim are mere statistics in the box 
score of justice they believe they 
must write in blood. 

In Israel, anonymous callers tdd 
Israel army radio that the Hebron 
killings were revenge for Rabbi Ka- 
hane’s assassination by a Muslim 

York held a rally to “support the setUemT 
when settlers called for violent acts and cr 

when settlers called for violent acts and avfl war to 
subvert the peace process. And tire Likud party says 
that if it wins the next election, it win not honor 
accords exchanging land for peace reached by Prime 
Minister Yitzhak Rabin’s government. 

We in theJewishrdigibus peace movement are often 
called traitors; onr lives have been threatened. 

Bombs have been placed near Peace Now and the 
New Israel Fund offices, and say magazine, Ttkkun, 
has received bomb threats. 

The rimwift of hatred and violence directed ai the 
peacemakers and peace sepparters has virtually rifesced 
those in the religious community who bdreve that the 
accords should be enthusiastically embraced. . 

We frequently hear violent language from score m 
the Orthodox community and from Inco-mindednon- 
Orthodox — language that insists that Palestinians in 
particular and Arabs in general can never be trusted, 
are not fully human and do not deserve the same right 
of national sdF-det animation that the Jews fought 
for in creating IsraeL - 

Attending a Purim celebration in an Orthodox syna- 
gogue Thursday night. I overheard con gr egants dis- 
cussing how they were fmanring a project in West • 
Bank settlements whose aim was to strengthen tire 
resolve to resist Ore peace process. 

' Some Orthodox Jews have cheered Wes* Bank ter- /. 
rorism a gainst Palestinian dvihans add some call 
Baroch GriTdstdn a martyr. ' — 

Many far -right Jews, raised on A diet of Hdocanst 
stories anti- Arab t*****": arc determined to strew - 

that Jews canbe powerful— even if that pdwra can be 
exer en ed only agamst-an manned and essentially do- ■ 
fensefess Palestinian papdaricsLThey do riot reason* . ' 
' that the Palestinians nave been tile victims of a harsh - 
mffitary occroatiou far 27. years. . ‘ :V . - 

President to Oinkm acted yraefy m irrating doer- 
Israels and - Palestinians to resume negotiations in . 
Washing ton; to their craft, they accepted. ■ . 

Unless Prime Minister RabmacSsmrickiy to or - « 
te nd Palestinian setf-ndc throughout the ,Wpst Bank.,: 
and quarantines' West Bank setthss '(rap same re- 
strictions in Settleses’ freedom of movement were* ' 
announced Sunday^ be wiH.gKte theaJSepe that, 
they can derail .tbs' peace process through further 
murderous actions. : vt 1 ’ J 7 

Amoican Jews who wish to dissocaie ri^tnsdves .... 
from the extremists, who consistently ignore T orah 
toarimig t about empathy most inszst that the Israeli 
Army disarm all West Bank and Gaza settim, and 
not just ext r em i sts, h is, alas, imaginable that ' 
t fawe aims, if not used qyfliang^. ;' 

«. U'l- 

I . _ 

: ■ ■ - 

i . v-.s* *• " 

! i use* 

peace accords. . . V: ' 

Rdigions Jews rireoldpBtesiatttieratQleKW the Wcstl 

Bank or prepare to five ag^ apriority ifi mother -. 
pcCTjle’s coantiy, recondErig thenscJvesvftth'a pcjxi-- 
lation that pr ope dy ^ indi jp riirt i&lfap^riofaicc and 
omessim ft has suffered ' 'A -'-Kli ' ■ : - ~ 

American Jews can join vdth Mri Rabin ns. express- 
in yabaa nc y as he did to Yasset'Acririt "-.V - v-*’ . 5 



the systematic mouse oJridaism and Jewish 
; to justify, racist awfr O ppre s siv e ‘ tretSficm 
crpropte., . 

& 3 he rf £■? 

Be contributed this oommeot ktfhrNe* York 

Europe, China and East Asia: Growing Closer Through Trade 

B EIJING — Europe must put a 
higher priority on East Asia. 

a peace agreement with the Palestinians. 

President Bill Clinton announced soon af- 
ter that Israel and tire Palestine Liberation 
Organization had agreed to move their talks 
from Egypt back to Washington, and to inten- 
sify the negotiations in hope of reaching a 
prompt agreement for the first phase of Pales- 
tinian interim self-rule. The peace process, in 
short, won’t be sidetracked by the butchery in 
Hebron. Aiding that decision may have been 
the good-faith offer from Israel to compensate 
the families of the mosqoe casualties. 

But the horror of the Hebron massacre, like 
the horror of earlier wanton terrorist fcflBug a 
that have taken lives on both sides, won’t soon 
be forgotten. The job of the peacemakers, 
more urgent now than ever, is to strive to cut 
loose from the legacy of hatred and distrust 
that these incidents represent. 

— Los Angeles Tones. 

MJ higher priority on East Asia. 
Rapid economic growth there has 
provided the world economy with a 
powerful shot in the arm and radical- 
ly altered the balance of world eco- 
nomic power. The European Union is 
one of China’s largest markets, and 
Europe has been increasing its pres- 
ence in other Asian markets. Our 
Pacific-Asia trade is growing much 
faster than our Atlantic trade. In 
1992, for the first time, we traded 
more with East Asia than with the 
United Stales. Still we have far to go. 

China’s economy is now the 10th 
largest in the world (using market- 
exchange rales). The International 
Monetary Fund redeems that if Chi- 
na. Hong Kong and Taiwan continue 
to grow at a 10 percent yearly rate 
until the year 2000, their economies 
will be twice as large, in real terms, as 
the Japanese economy, three times as 
large as that of Germany and slightly 
larger than the U.S. economy. 

The unreliability of such extrapo- 
lations aside, the question of integrat- 
ing China into the multilate ral trad- 
ing system is dearly urgent The 
European Union has unequivocally 
welcomed the applications of China 
and Taiwan to join the General 
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. 

These are real negotiations. Mem- 
bership in GATT or the World Trade 
Organization (which will settle dis- 
putes between GATT members after 
it opens its offices in Geneva next 
year) is no sinecure; nor is it impossi- 

By Leon Brittan 

The writer, trade commissioner of the European Union, is in Bdfii 
• • China talks, and will be meeting -with Foreign Mhusibr mi 

bly difficult If the terms are right 
early membership for China and Tai- 
wan would be in the interest of the 
world economy and of the applicants. 

We will do all we can to allow 
China and Taiwan to join the Wodd 
Trade Organization this year. But 
China must do more than half the 
weak if we arc to meet this target 

Chinese membership must be on a 
basis that gives full credit for reforms 
already accomplished. But it will be 
necessary for China to maintain the 
pace of reform (while guarding 
against market disruption) until it 

has achieved a fully m8iket-based 
economy. Other key areas will re- 
qirire agreement, not onfy with China 
but with all our trading partners. 
These indude acceptable rules on 
trade and the environment. A con- 
sensus will have to be hammered out 
in dialogue between governments as 
well as between industries. Later, the 
even more contentious issues of the 
relationship between trade and com- 
petition policy and trade and social 
polities will need to be tackled. 

We shook) make it dear to China 
and other East Asian countries that we 

do not want to replace the kbokncal 
conflicts of the Cofd War with a fresh 
battle between. East and 1 WfeSrcrtef 
matters induding democracy and hu- 
man rights. There -must, howeve r , be 
frank diidogue on these issues. . i 
The European Commission is 
working to mteoszfy two-yaj: trade, 
and investment flows between Eu- 
rope and arina and the other counr 
tries of East Asia. Not so long ago we 
had no permanent representations, in - 
East Asia. ' Today we have six, and 
thisyear we will be qpeumga seventh 
in HmoL The main drive will come 
from the private sector. ' ; - • 

nktory environment for oter bufifresa 

:k1hS9 K-i. 

arid: to ^ovikT tedmkal assistance 
where appropriate. 

We are setting up business infor- 
mation ceatcra to camp te mcn t thc 
wadt-of European chambers of com?' 

Our respansibflity is to mcourage, 
[vise and warn: toeQgaeeinneeotia- 

advise and warn; to engage in negotia- 
tion on issues requiring action by a 
third country (negotiating a better reg- 

ibe establishment of netwwks of 
companies and industrial associa- 
tions for lobbying. and promotional 
work iriEast Asia. 

The re is still a taig wa^ ftgo- But 

world tradmg sy^^^^ood for 
China. It wSl ^so bqost European 
c&vts to growddrortdOnaa^and to 

i a}* rs 

~r W- ♦y r • 

When Spies Owed Fealty to More Than Their Banks 

P ARIS — One can argue that 
nations get the traitors they de- 

JL nations get the traitors they de- 
serve, but that makes for a sorry 
reflection on the United States to- 

By W illiam Pf flff 

religion. They wait bravely, ancom- 

the Comintern agencies ever were. The 

Ameses; are supposed to have re- 

r I — ■**«.*; 

! ;•> -y- 4 . 

day. Its past spies and traitors were 
a considerably better class of peo- 

a considerably better class of peo- 
ple than the newly arrested CIA 
official, Aldrich Ames, if what is 
said about him is true. 

America’s “atomic spies” of the 
1940s, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, 
were pious Communists of an age, 
origin and class for which commu- 
nism had become a substitute for 

promisingly, to the electric chair, as 
Saint Lawrence went to the grill in 

C3A saw itsdf in 1947 as' continuing; ' ; coved is tonstdonbly more than Mr. 
the democracies’ wartime straggle Anjeswas offering to (Soviet officials 

Saint Lawrence went to the grill in 
the 3d century, from essentially par- 

Drugs: Time for Legalization 

Editor's note: Five years after President George Bush declared war on 
drugs, Latin American intellectuals are starting to say that the emperor 
has no clothes 

Critics charge that the war has not dented the flow of cocaine and 
marijuana to U.S. streets and that drug mafias are richer than ever. 

Taking a radically new lade, Gabriel Garda Marquez, Colombia’s Nobel 
Prize-winning novelist, has written a manifesto coifing for controlled, 
worldwide legalization. 

FirstpubUshed in Spain’s Cambio 16 magazine, and translated here by 
Edith Grossman, the manifesto has drawn in recent weeks the signatures of 
2,000 Latin intellectuals — from leftists who believe that prohibition is not 
the best way to fight addiction, to rightists who argue that bullets cannot 
break the laws of supply and demand. 

By Gabriel Garcia Mdrqoez 

P ROHIBITION has made the drag trade more attractive and profit- 
able. encouraame Criminality and cnmrntian at all levels. 

J- able, encouraging c riminali ty ana corruption at all levels. 

And yel the Untied States behaves as if it were not aware of this fact. 

Colombia, despite limi ted resources and thousands of cavalries has 
eradicated numerous gangs and filled its prisons with drug c riminals . At 
least four of the most important capos are behind bars, and the most 
important one of all is at bay. 

In the United States, however, 20 million drug addicts have no 
problem obtaining their daily supply — something that is possible only 
because of much larger and more efficient internal networks for 

marketing and distribution. 
Given this situation, the d 

Given this situation, the drug polemic must not continue to be caught 
between war and permissiveness, but should grab the bull by the horns at 
last and focus on the ways in which legalization can be administered. 

This means putting an end to the sell-seeking, pernicious, useless war 
the consuming countries have inflicted on us, and confronting the drug 
problem throughout the world as a fundamental ethical and political 
question that can be defined clearly only by an international agree- 
ment with the United Stales on the front lines. 

And, of course, serious commitments will be needed by the consuming 
nations to the producing nations. 

For it surely would not be just if those oT us who suffered the terrible 
consequences of the war were then left without the benefits of peace. 

In other words, if what happened to Nicaragua were to happen to us: It 
was the lop priority worldwide during the wan now, in peace, it has 
dropped to the bottom of the list 

The New York Times. 

roe m century, rrom essentially par- 
alld motivations. 

Before and during the war, Alger 
Hiss, Noel Held, Harry Dexter White 
— if indeed they woe spies, as al- 
leged — and Whittaker Cbambos 
and Elizabeth Bentley, who certainly 
were, belonged to a Depression gen- 
eration convinced that capitalism 
had failed and Soviet communism 
was the future, and that to spy for the 
Soviet Union was to serve mankin d 

The British spies of thesame period 
other believed in communism, and a 
golden socialist future, or were in re- 
volt against the dass obsessou of Brit- 
ish society. In any case, they believed 
they were responding to m interest 
larger than their sdHnreresL Dooald 
Madean, Guy Burgess, George Blake, 
Sir Anthony Bhmt, even the memorial 
Kim Philby, stood for something, even 
if in the cases of Mr. Burgess and Mr. 
Philby mischief was also a motive; a 
nrnrfnrf turned toward tragedy. 

Ssce those days, the quality of 
American spies has plummeted In the 
1980s and 1990s the only idealistically 
committed American spies of whom 
we have beat made aware were Jona- 
than Jay Pollard, who spied an the 
United States for Israel and a QA 
translator, Larry Wu-tai Own, who 
spied for China. Mr. PoHard took too 
much money for his idealism defense 
to have convinced Ins jury, and he is 
now serving a life sentence. Mr. Chin 
commuted suicide. There was also a 
Oa clerk in G hana in Jove with a 
Ghanaian — and love, as the poet 
says, defies the lo cksmith 

Otherwise we know of an American 

naval fanaly, the Walkers, xriio malea 

against totalitarianism into a. new, during Ins days as a recruiter of spies, 
even more dangerous; period. . ' " : ' . . However, money is not tire only 
Its ^officers were exceedingly high-., worm of corrupt motivation at 
minded in the beginning.. They were man intelligence service. Dim 

tnostly recruited from Ivy League dr- 
cfes and priwleged professions. The 
CIA was orated by people who had 
entered g o vernment to fight Wodd 
War n and stayed on becasse the new 
Soviet ch aBenfic secured not' only a 
warrmtfdrptmlic service but an occa- 
sian oflustorical importance: ■ 

Hence the sordidness of mercenary 
betrayals from within the r ants. Yet 
mercenary betrayals are exactly what 
the CIA has sought and f ramd m n thw 
countries ova ;tire 47 years of its iatis- 
. tence. Britain’s Cambridge spies w ere 
reaiiiiEd by a Hungarian Comintern 
agent who was a former priest, prari- 
iang them secular justification. Amer- 
ican agent recruhos have tnostiy of- 
fered money,- not meed reward s . 

It isnol then, really snrpriring that 
what allegedly animated the Ameses 
was the n^ion and afralf ddlars.-the 
Jaguar, the expensive house the 
charge cards. The total' sum the 

sure of it The secreqy of spying doers 
: unaccountable power. John LeCarri, 
an ex-spy, wrote in 1986 of “the tore ' . 
of secrecy itretf” to the inadequate 
personality, tire individual in need of 
a means for “feding superior to Itfe... 
gather than engaging in it . , 

; As for whether the Russians' should 
have kept Anres ai wok after the. 
Cold War ended, what would Wasfr 
mgton havc done in the amn* oi tqgt - 
stance^? The Russians’ peculiar tri- 
umph was that they recycled 
America’s meager aid money 'to pay 
for Ml Ames's alleged treason; even 
as tire American taxpayer was raying 
for Ins loyalty Like Oner North at 
Irangate, malting. Iran pay for tire war 
m Nica r agua, they ptoraUy thought . 
they WCTc bdng rather cfcvcr. " ; 

■ : International HertddTriixme. 

Irtish cf 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGfr 

1894s Guillotine Chested Weimar, is increasingly distnrbe4 

P^S^- The ^ Wen, 

^ Munich mi* spread ^ to tire espfer 
Montmartre; who was under sea-, and other- oenroa ft ix nowdear^ 
J™ deaIh ’ committed suicide in. that the SpsrtSmo^^'m^. 
^Raiuttte pnson^ ^yrateiday by varia ha2XǤ a distinctly ao$' 
jonq^<^ofawmdow,evaifinghia Prussian character - - 

guards with ease, and causing the- 

executioner Deibler, who gets 500 T944> HaIrtiiIH RnmKixl'' 
francs for every had he cuSoff, to ‘ . 1 - ^ Q PJKmKI 

make the most biting comments on STOCKHOLM — [From our New 

7 «-FoT^ 
Us ua!h 

1914: HeynkiBombed 

tot to the Soviets, a National Security 
Agency employee who did the same, 
tod Edward Lee Howard of the CIA, 
who spied for the Soviet Union and 

10 Moscow. AD seem to have had no 
motive but money, the better to afford 
me American way of life. The case 

E st Mr. Ames and lss wife says 
motives were entirely mercenary. 
That this is so is a c om me n t - not 
phly on American society but on what 

has become of the OA, since Ameri- 
ca s intelligence service was in the be- 
guunng as idealist jralty committed as 

tire management of the prison of the 
condemned. Lestevmhad a firm p pp- . 
viction that he would be'gmDotucd. 
In forming that opinion he showed a . 
great deal more sense of fitness of' 
dungs than did tire Pardon Board; for 
it is said they were going to rerom- 
mend the President to connmse Ins ~ 
sentence to unpritoonrent for fife. 

York edition;} Six hundred Rusito- - - 
bombera subjected Hdsiriki to a dev- - 
astating twrfvrijkmf^ 5aS! last m$t : : 
and early tadny^Mrecla^ mudfcoC 
the Finnish capita^ I t was the hem- 
rat attack firimriri has ever suffered: •’ 
.The Fin n i s h aponimqra winch oP : 
fidalfy. numbered fire xataers attiiftv. 


1919; Enrestin Weimar '■ 

LONDON. — Tbt a tniitin n in Ger- 
many, whidi it ‘was hoped, would 
become more stable with lire meet- 
ing of the Constituent Asstobjyr&t 

toi coaredaC 

W/l AiiRUh’ -- 

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Page 7 


2 Bombs Wound 
60 Worshipers 

- • .■ 

BEIRUT — Two wired mortar 
bombs planted near the altar blew 
up daring Sunday Mass at * Maro- 
mte church in Lebanon, Iriflrog 10 
worshippers and wounding 60, pb- 
EcesaxL .. . 

Tbe Hast tipped through Sayyi- 
det d Najat {Oar Lady oT Salva- 
tion) church at Jounii, .12 kflome- 
tejs (8 miles) north of Beirut, 
'"'shortly after 9 A-M. : - 

Witnesses said dozens of. people 
were taking communion when die 
ghnm mortar bombs exploded. 
6ad been placed next to the 
to firelight of thefiistrowof 
The pnest. Father Antione 
err, was serioasly wounded is the 

A four-year-old girl and several 
women were among the dead. 

It was die deadliest bomb attack 
since a car bomb imnamly-Mudim 

West Beirut kiBe<1.17 persons m 
December 1991.' •* ~. ' 

A badly wounded titoraaiL who 
was at the church tbKl reporter* ai 
her hospital Bed thatshe rievw 
. heard the explosion, .... 

“I jnS f« I went deaf and 1 
found myself flying,” "said, the 
woman. j 

Prime Minister Rafik Wrirm, a 
Musfim,went to the church after 
the attack and said it : was carried 
out by “foreign hands” to “cover 
op” the massacre cf Arabs by an 
Israeli on Friday. A amfiar charge 
was made by Foreign ^Minister 
Paris Booez, a Maronitc. - 

Sann "Khatib, "who Beads the 
T nhnnes fc par liament^ DrfenSCAf- 
fairs Committee, went further 
“The dark Israeli hands carded oat. 
tire aime,” he said. . /. 

Inf conation Munster Micbd Sa- 
maha said the bint may have been . 
aimed at foiling Pope J ohn Paul 

lTs visit io Lebanon tins spring; 

"It could be aimed agamst the. 
Pope’s viat, and .we •hope 
was not carried but by those who. 
were against this visjC'be sard. 

Th&Tbpe, speak^ia St Peter's 
Square, 'denounced the bombing 
and the Hebron massacre. HeioW 
pilgrims andtouriste hewas suffer- . 
mg together with Maronite Chris- 
tians overivfbat he caBcd “acrinre 

Arafat Brands Israeli Response 'Hollow 9 

, •« i. • •- 

' ■*** ’■ • J” .■ 

* * '■ •*' .•**?' v V* >vj 

Washington Pcai Service 

, that offends'Iaiitaon md iU'nobie .piri Wat ftgt - Havy toymt 
I odd mi muffled Ibe Hebron faiUs 

i -v/ •- . ; . vr -. ^.- on Smiday. as JOr.Banjch Goldstein 

' ' was laid to rest in a barren, muddy 

— • ' Jana) Sint - JUwc» 

Priests htspecting the blood-stained church north of Beirut where two bombs exploded Sunday. 

A 'Necessary 9 Act 9 Settlers Say 

For Embattled Jewish Militants, Killer Becomes a Hero 

believe that Jews should use force 
to prevail over the Arabs, 
the most militant settlers are at 

v faaddot by friends who -described 
-rinmas a hero /or having massacred 
Arabs praying in a mosque. 

■ A tractor scraped at the stub- 
born earth as dite Israeli,! 

: wrthT^Bt^fcaiiltfliQes 

killing about 40 and wounding 
more than 200 in the Tomb of the 
Patriarchs, a shrine revered by 
Jews, Muslims and Christians. Dr. 
Goldstein was overpowered and 
MW by enraged worshipers. 

-But in the apartments of Kiiyat 
Alba, at the bank and store near 
the entrance to this Jewish settle- 
ment of 5,000 people, and in a local 
or 'Jewish school. Dr. 
gnari It was.a temporazy grave, CoHsinn and his deed were bemg 
S£its'.-said, Esc tetisians discussed m far different terms, 
were running too high to permit 

permanent burial in the Jewish 
cemetery in die middle of Hebron. 

To rest Of fte world. Dr. 
Goldstein was a mass murderer 
who fined Iris automatic rifle: into 
the backs of Muslims on Friday, 

He was being described in the 
language of blood, fear, nationalist 
dreims and messianic longing that 
offered a glimpse into the embat- 
tled outlook of the most militant 
-Jewish settlers. They claim a bibli- 
cal deed to these rocky hills and 

the core of Kach, followers of Rab- 
bi Meir Kahane, who was assassi- 
nated in New York in 1990. Ac- 
cording to friends. Dr. Goldstein 
was a Kahane disciple, first in the 
Jewish Defense League in the Unit- 
ed States, and later in IsraeL 
Kach leaders were the target oaf 
Sunday of the Israeli government 
as it struggled to respond to out- 
rage over the massacre. The cabinet 
authorized arrests and detentions 
of the leaders, although most could 
not be found. Many live here and in 
pockets of Jewish settlement inside 
Hebron. Prime Minister Yitzhak 
Rabin denounced the militants mi 
Sunday and said he was "ashamed 

SPECULATORS: 2 Musettes Spur Rout in Europe 

GoriAaKd from Ptege 1 ~ 

! buiKtrorecmdb(dc&igsofgoran- ; 

• meot tojldniing the recession, and 
j are now in die process of winding 
, down this exposure at a tone when 
l other investors are unp re pa red to 
' take it off their hands. 

i By Friday, with yields bn Euro- 

• pean bonds up -nady a- quarter 

) percentage pcant in Germany and 
i mneeand half apointhigner in 
; Spam, David Ftdkr, publisher of 
) an i Ht e nw iootd i ny estment letter, 
i »aqd tt y u Khncf tv y Tr kg te 

! are oversold and due for. quite a 
! .brisk ^tec^ncal raflj “ • - • 

Christopher Potts at Banqne ln^ 

‘ dosuez coaenrred, but warned that 

. any attempt at a ralfy would be 
< short-lived and taken as a n q ppor-' 
1 tunity for further selling. “Toe re-, 
i corny wiB be riow. It won’t get 
| under way until bonds are in die 
| more stable hands of domestic in- 
- vestors.” 

; “These are very technical mar- 
kets,” said Mr. loeys. ‘They are, 
not going to go better just on fim- 

Undoing the dam^e vriH require 
a cut in German interest ratis of at 
least a quarter percent^: poinvor 
25 bads points. Analysts warn that 
amthing less will nor be coc«®h. 

The French and Belgian central 
hank* last week tried the salami 
dices reontly used bythe Banded 
hunk — cutting, rates by. 10.1b 15 
basis paints — ■ and bodi moves 
were snru^ed off as too small to be 

qy iH UUgfal — . 

Even Uk circled Ctecman qnar- 
! ter-pdnt cut is seen at best as only ' 

■ calming matters. A recovery is at 
‘ best wetis away, analysts smd. 

I Given die size of the fiizmoS in 

• the bond markets and the sagos of _ 
i ooatagion in equity markets,- the. 

f Germans could agnal a nte cut as 

the driOarhas also weakened. 

But the heavy betting is Chet the 
Bundesbank wm wait ants next 
week since the scheduled release an 
Monday rtf money supply growth 
figure for January is expected to 
remain well over target and worri- 

sefl-off was^thT^^L^^ln the 
cash market While Eu rope an bond 
prices have beat retreating all year, 

. that pressure, bad been driven by 
position-taking in the futures mar- 
ket with cash prices: moving in re- 

-mg seen substantial saSesTaf cash 
poritkna — operators leaving the 
markets, withdrawing liquidity and 
thereby impairi ng the market’s ca- 
pacity to recover. .. 

Hus in turn weakened the ddtlar, 
which ended trading last week near 
1.7100 Deutsche marks, down from 
a midweek high of 1.7304 DM and 
an 18-month mgh of 1-7650 DM at 
the start of die month. Traders say 
the way is now open for the dollar 
to fall below 1:70 DM. 

The currency hedge employed by 
the speculators was a dynamic one, 
not taken bo when the European 
bonds were purchased but when it 
looked as if the dollar was about to 
make its tong- forecast upward 
thrust. . 

In all hkdihood, hedging started 
in the last week of January, when 
Washington reported that fourth- 
quarter growth was file fastest in 
ax years. The dollar then was trad- 
ing around 1.74 DM. The dollar 
subsequently soared to 1.7650 DM 
after the Federal Reserve raised 
overnight rates by a quarter point 
on Feb. 4. 

Butcn JFeb. 14 the strategy start- 

since . ed to sour badly. News of the re- 


KOREA: UN Inspectors en Route 

mil Item onl/aflg Utt aiomiem- ^ Luxembourg to ^oid do- “No OBO.^ jodgo. 1* 

orgy Agency set a Feb. 28 deadfine 
for; compSaBce and ; the- United 
States promised talks on better re- 

newed trade conflict between the 
United States and Japan seat the 
dollar into a taflqan in Tokyo, 
where it lost 4.6 percent on the day. 
In Europe, it fell 1.7 percent 
against tne marie and has since ccm- 
tmaed easing. 

Hie unwinding of the specula- 
tors’ strategy has meant selling 
what the investors owned, indud- 

wUch European bonds^had been 
bought, the currency operations in- 
volved primarily the mark. It is the 
most liquid Continental foreign-ex- 
change market and the mark itself 
was expected to be the weakest of 
all the European currencies against 
the dollar. 

This rosy scenario went awry for 
two reasons. 

Most significantly, apart from 
the Bundesbank’s failure to live up 
to expectations on the speed ana 
the size of its interest rate reduc- 
tions, there is now considerable 
confusion about whether the worst 
of the German recession is over 
(implying fewer rate cuts) or 
whether the economy is poised for 
a further setback (justifying further 
substantial falls). 

This confusion is measurable. At 
the start of the year, the December 
contract for three-month German 
interest rates were trading ai an 

weel^ tins had bacCxTi^ to 5.15 
percent. The current three-month 
interbank offered rate is 6 percent 

Equally important is the fact that 
the German bond market, which 
sets the benchmark for the rest of 
Europe, has been taken oyer by 
outriders. Last year, net foreign in- 
vestment in fixed-income German 
securities totaled 229 luffion DM, 
up from 133 baffion DM in 1992, an 
amount about equal to size of Ger- 
many’s budget deficit. 

Analysts reckon the inflow num- 
bers are a bit exaggerated since 
perhaps 30 perceat of the total is 

of those who came out publidy and 
supported his acL” 

Many in the crowd here support 
ed it openly. "Baruch Goldstein 
was the greatest Jew alive, not in 
one way, but in every way,” said 
Sfnnucl Hacaben, 34, a teacher and 
a friend of Dr. Goldstein. 

Mr. H acohen, also an immigrant 
from the United States and a fol- 
lower of Rabbi Kahane, added: 
“The worst thing is that in the ks: 
year, so many Jews have been 
knifed and slaughtered and shot. 
These Innocent people’ you talk 
about in the so-called mosque! This 
is the burial place of all our forefa- 
thers. and they go there and sing 
'Death to the Jews.’ Is that inno- 
cent people?” 

“I thmk .it was necessary," he 
said of the massacre "and it’s nec- 
essary to IdQ a lot more. 

Mr. Hacohen said Dr. Goldstein 
went to the synagogue on Thursday 
night, at the’ beginning of the Jew- 
ish festival of Purim, to hear the 
reading from the Scroll of Esther, 
which celebrates bow the Jews were 
saved from bring killed by the 
wicked Hainan. 

“He was nervous,” Mr. Hacoben 
said. “I felt at the time there was 
something not the same about 

Accenting to Mr. Hacohen, Dr. 
Goldstein's decision to cany out 
the massacre during the Purim holi- 
day and also the Muslim holy 
month of Ramadan was no acci- 
dent. ‘‘He did it on the day of 
Ramadan so be could ldD as many 
as possible,” Mr. Hacohen said. 

Mr. Hacohen’s remarks were 
echoed around the crowd. 

“Islam is the poison of human- 
ity,” said David Ben Avraham. 42, 
from a nearby settlement. This is 
not killing . This is revenge.'"* 

Shlomi F uZman. 25, a student at 
a Kiryat Arba yeshiva, said: 
“When they were dead, it didn’t 
matter io me. We arc being killed 
more. What hurts me is that they 
are using this around the tvorid,” 

Yair Caiman, 16. an immigrant 
from the Netherlands, said he was 
“happy" to learn of the massacre. 
“Do the Arabs fed sorry for »* 
when we are killed?" he asked. 

But Moshe Cohen, 16. intemtpi- 

Under a dwil ■announced in New 
York, Washington wfll schedule a 
third rotrud of n^h-fevd rate with 
Pyongyang' on' improving diplo- 
matic and. economic ties; and VfriB 
announce the cssceUation of joint 
mfljtary ttercises with South fe- 
ns. r ;: • 

wm be fully implemented and the 
North-South nudear dialogue will 

. in' another part of .(he deal, 
South Korea said it would propose 
a resumption of talks with North 
Korea on the exchange of special 
envoys, the first sw* exchange nt 

- The meeting was scheduled xo be 
held Tuesday in- Raorhiu^a^ .the' . 
Korca.Herald newspyer said. 

; (Reuters,' NYT) 

mesbe taxes. 

The foreigners were playing the 
idle speculators are supposed to 
fill, providing liquidity and allow* 
ing markets to function until the 
traditional investors are ready to 
assume that role. 

Whaz went wrong, said Mr, 
Locys of Morgan, was that the 
speculators were driven out before 
the locals were prepared to move 

said. “Many people died in his 
hands because of the Arab terror. 
But, it’s wrong to IriB so many peo- 

Bl Vienna 

fwftcdfc 0660-8155 
sr fax: 06069-175413 

The Auuetatai Press 

TUNIS — Yasser Arafat said Sunday that 
Israel's pledge to crack down on Jewish extrem- 
ists was not enough and demanded internation- 
al protection for Palestinians. 

The Palestine Liberation Organization chair- 
man left the door open for rcsummg peace talks 
with Israel, despite pressures io quit in protest 
over the ktiling of at least 40 people on Friday 
in a mosque in Hebron, in the occupied West 

But he and top aides said that if the talks 
resumed, the focus would shift to the need for 
removing 144 Jewish settlements before the 
carrying out of the Sept. 13 Palestinian self-rule 

The bloodbath last Friday plunged Israel and 
the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip into 
chaos. By Sunday, the death toll from the 
massacre and subsequent rioting had climbed 
to 65, with about 360 wounded. 

Mr. Arafat, in an interview with The Associ- 
ated Press, said the Israeli measures were “hol- 
low and superficial 

‘These are empty decisions which have no 
relation with the seriousness of the crime or 
with the basis of resolving it,” be said. 

Unless the United Nations Security Council 
“takes concrete decisions to provide interna- 
tional protection for the Palestinians, the whole 
peace process will be in jeopardy,” Mr. Arafat 

Asked if he accepted President Bill Clinton's 
cab for resuming the peace negotiations in 
Washington, Mr. Arafat said the PLQ leader- 
ship would have to make a derision on the issue. 

■ End Seen to Peace Efforts 

YtmsefM. Ibrahim of The New York Times 
reported from Jericho. Israeli -occupied H'esf 

Two Palestinian leaders from widely diverse 
ideological backgrounds said the West Bank 
and the Gaza Strip stood on the edge of a 
violent explosion once a three-day mourning 
period over the massacre in Hebron came to an 
end on Monday. 

Both in their mid- 30s. one belongs to El 
Fatah, the mainstream faction of the PLO, and 
the other is an official of the militant Hamas 
movement, which oppose the PLO agreement 
with Israel and which has attacked Jewish set- 

Their presence together is perhaps one of the 
more ominous developments of an evolving 
fury in the occupied territories. 

Enemies until just a few weeks ago. the two 
men now agree that the efforts toward peace in 
the region were coming to an end and that a 
new “armed uprising against settlers and the 
Israeli Army” was now the only way to deal 
with Israeli occupation. 

“When I first heard the news of the butchery. 

Israeli radio was turning that the settler who did 
the killing was just another mental])' imbal- 
anced person." the Fatah official said. 

**My very first thought w-as. ‘Why when they 
kill us. they are crazy and when we kill them, we 
are terrorists.' The next thing that crossed my 
mind was a desire to go crazy, too. and shoot 50 
Jews. Across the occupied territories, I assure 
you this is a thought that is today on everyone’s 

The Hamas leader said the line between “so- 
called moderate Palestinians who supported 
the peace process and us in Hamas has evapo- 

“The peace agreement has become a skele- 
ton.” be said. “There is no meat on iL We have 
always said that to our Fatah colleagues. Now, 
they believe us. If be would listen, anyone in the 
occupied territories can tdl Arafat that we have 
not suffered under 27 years of Israeli occupa- 
tion for a peace that means a Jewish settler can 
walk into a mosque at dawn and shoot to death 
unarmed men kneeling to worship their God.” 

Pessimism was also expressed by loyal lieu- 
tenants of Mr. Arafat. 

Faisal Hussrini, the senior Palestinian offi- 
cial in Jericho, said, “People don't believe in 
this peace process anymore, nor in our ability as 
Palestinian negotiators taking part initio deliv- 
er tangible gains that would relieve the misery 
of everyday life under occupation.” 

'They Hate Us, and We Hate The 

M'asAnigroii Past Service 

HEBRON. Israeli-Occupied West Bank — 
As the sun rose on the morning after the 
Hebron massacre. Muna Mautaseb was 
thinkin g about the local Jewish settlers who 
often paraded through town with guns slung 
over their shoulders. 

The day before. Dr. Baruch Goldstein — a 
resident of the nearby Kiryat Arba settlement 
and member of the ultra nationalist Jewish 
group Kach — opened fire in a crowded 
mosque, killing at least 40 people and wound- 
ing scores more Ai the mention of Kach. 
Mrs. Mautaseb clasped her head in her bands 
and said: “You can go into the center of the 
city and see them dancing and tinging. There 
is something not right in tbeir minds." 

Across the windswept hills of this biblical 
city, wrath mixed with mourning as Palestin- 
ians talked of die massacre at the Mosque of 
Ibrahim in the Tomb of the Patriarchs — a 
ate revered by Muslims, Jews and Christians 
alike. In many of their conversations, the 
same theme reverberated — that of a deepen- 
ing and possibly violent conflict with Jewish 
seulers in the lsiadi~occ«pied West Bank 
and Gaza Strip. 

Their sentiments go a long way toward 
explaining why the bloodbath last Friday 
threatens to strangle the nascent peace ac- 
cord between Israel and the Palestine Libera- 
tion Organization. 

A central feature of the agreement was 
deferral of negotiations on tire contentious 
issue of Jewish settlements until at least three 
years into the proposed five-year peace pro- 
cess. The postponement was largely in Isra- 
els interest, since it allowed the government 
of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin to avoid the 

politically explosive question of whether set- 
tlements would have to be evacuated. 

But the unintended impact of the Hebron 
massacre may be to force the issue of settle- 
ments into the timdight now, even as Israeli 
and Palestinian negotiators struggle to ar- 
range the beginning of limited local self-rule 
inGaza and the West Bank town of Jericho. 

Faisal Hussdni, a prominent West Bank 
Palestinian leader, called the settlers a “time 
bomb” and demanded that Israel evacuate all 
of them from the Gaza Strip. “This is a new 
period," he said “What was acceptable be- 
fore is not acceptable now,” 

Even before the Hebron killings. Foreign 
Minister Shimon Peres had complained pub- 
licly of the expensive burden of defending a 
small, isolated Jewish settlement in Gaza. 

Lasi week, some Labor Party legislators 
opened a telephone hot line for settlers seek- 
ing government compensation to move out of 
the West Bank and Gaza, and the phones 
were busy, even though tire government has 
said it is not yet prepared to offer such 
compensation. And Saturday, the leftist 
group Peace Now called on the government 
to order the evacuation of Jewish settlers 
from Hebron and to ban Kach and other 
militant Jewish groups. 

As the Palestinians of Hebron talked about 
the massacre, it was dear their main concern 
was the status of the settlements. Many said 
they did not accept tire notion that Dr. Gold- 
sum was a “crazed" lunatic, as Mr. Rabin 
described him. and they refused to believe he 
acted alone. Rather, the massacre has become 
for them a new incitement of the powerless- 
ness and anger that Palestinians feel in the 
midst of armed, militant Jewish seulers. 

“It won't be easy to go back to tire inri- 
fade, ” said Issam Ramsefa, a 28-year-old busi- 

nessman. “It took six years out of people's 

“But if the settlers continue like this, we 
will die for the intifada.” he added- “It won’t 
be like before. It won’t be with stones; it 
won’t be with bottles. It will be with m a ch i n e 

For many Palestinians, the Hebron assault 
was the latest and worst reminder that the 
peace accord with Israel, signed SepL 16 at 
die White House, has brought little tangible 
change to tbeir lives and tbeir relationship 
with Israel. 

“There is anger, sadness and poweriess- 
acss.” said Said Zee dani, a professor of phi- 
losophy at Bir Zeit University in the West 
Rank Since the attack was not canied out 
directly by soldiers, he said, “it's not dearly 
the Israeli government you want to express 
your anger against. Bm it's not dear that this 
was an individual action, either.” 

On the streets of Hebron, angry young men 
spoke of confrontation with the settlers, 
lyyad Abdou, a 21 -year-old cabdriver. re- 
called that he had supported tire peace ac- 
cord, but now, sitting in a garage with a dozen 
friends, he spoke out harshly against iL 

“It's a terrible thing when people in your 
own city are killed, and Israel didn’t do 
anything to stop this settler," he said. “There 
is no chance for this agreement. You have to 
dismantle the settlements and lock the set- 
tiers oul This land is mine and not theirs. 

“Jews and Arabs cannot live together," he 
said as his friends nodded approval, “because 
there is a big problem, an old problem. They 
hate ns, and we hate them. Every time a Jew 
kills an Arab, they say, he's crazy, and when 
an Arab throws a stone, they say he’s a 






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International Herald Tribune, Monday, February 28, 1994 

Page 9 


.i -1 ? 

In Borrowing in 7 Years 

. . V ;* V 1 -■ - : ByCad Gewirtz 

bamuekmal HeraU Tribune 

E ARIS —A record $810.5 billion was nosed in the interna- 
tional capital markets last year, a rise of 33 percent and the 
largest annual increase since 1986, the Organization for 
Economic Cooperation and Development reported in its 
Fehnuay issue of Ftnaactal Market Trends. Net oTrefinanring, 
new bonwwmg is estimated to dura risen $100 billian, to $340 
WJKoil ; . ; . . . . • 

Lending to bonrawexs in devdi 
America doubled, to $84 biIficK4 

Issues of bonds alone spared to: 
$46 b£li|oai frajn $14 MBda in 
1992. Latin American issuers 
aba nosed $55 bflficra through 
the sale of equities, while Asian 
issues 'amounted to $4.6 biffion. 

; ccruriiriesof Asia and Latin 
arasstriseever recorded. 

borrowers in 1994k 

said, was me "^aige.jtHimbw of . 

developing countries as, weQ as tbe brbaden&ig of categories of 
borrowers aadmstronjmts nsedto nose funds. - 
“With improved credit xatjngs and favorable growth prospects 
fotmanyd these countries, there seems' tobeasoMfotindation for 
expecting themamtaiance, and po^b^a further strengthening, of 
a high tevel of devdoping countries’ international borrowing is 
1994/^the reporrstaterL 

Ca^cxate daaaod for. fundi rids year is ejected to be strong, 
especially ; as a “significant vohnne” of - existing debt is scheduled to 
raattmtitot if major slock market* continue to pcdorm streaky, 
the secretariat said it expected monftnanrial companies to primarily 
rriy on iaising equity. . . , . . - -r . 

. U realized^ this pould lead to a further dedine in the amount of 

to $624bflBon-froro-$629 trillion because of a heavy schedule of 
redemptions. . - - 

BanftranH oThwfmanaal institutions awseen remaining a major 

source" of demand "for funds tins year, parriculadynumg floating 
raienotes that qoalify as capital for regulatory purposes. . 

However, tbe_secxetariai said it ejected borrowing by govern^ 
meats to decfibc. Last yMr's total of $104 Mlion, up from $64 
bflHonin-199£'was bloatcdby “extraordmaiyneeds to replenish 
£oragu^xrhangere8erre^ > * •£■£/' 

- The. supply of capital' this year Should also remain ample; the 
report observed. ‘The growing role of large institutional investors 
taking a global vievf cm investment opport u nities wfflcontinue to 
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Fish Rule 

U.S. Warns Paris 

Compiled br Chtr SiaQ From DUpaitba 
: PARIS — France on Sunday de- 
fended its controls on fish imports 
after its trade partners, inchufing 
the United States, protested that 
French practices were in line with 
world trade rules and prevented 

“Once they are aware of the 
gravity of some of the fraud, no 
country will question these mea- 
sures,” sad Jean Puech, the Minis- 
ter of Agriculture and Fisheries. 

A ministry official said French 
customs had destroyed an unspeci- 
fied amount of burbot from the 
United States. He added that the 
shipments of burbot, a freshwater 
fish of the cod family, had con- 
tained a chemical substance that is 
used to retain watts* in products 
suchashaiD, meat and fish and that 
is illegal in France. 

“It’s fraud,” said the official “A 
UJS. trader was caught red-handed. 
We’re allowed to do those checks 
and win continue to do them. U5. 
exporters wiU go along with them if 
they want to do trade.” 

France started strict controls on 
fish imports on Feb. 3 in an effort 
to appease h$ fishermen, who have 
been frustrated by faffing prices 
and cheap foreign imposts. 

The move, winch led French cus- 
toms to reject large shipments of 
fish at the border, raised strong 
protests from some of its non-Eu- 
ropean trade partners. 

Washington had ttmurpni-H Fri- 
day to retaliate against French 
soap or perfume as a result of the 
dispute on fish. 

‘Tins unwarran ted harassment 
has caused millions of dollars in 
lasses to UJJ. exporters and fisher- 
men,” several U5. members of 
congress wrote in a letter to Mr. 

■ Questions About CAP 
A report recommending that the 
European Union’s controversial 
farm subsidies policy be scra p ped 
has been deliberately suppressed 
by aides to the European Connrds- 
aon president, Jacques Delos, ac- 
cording to a report in the Sunday 
Telegraph, Agence France- Piesse 
reported from Brussels. 

Among its findings, the report 
said that there was “no longer any 
economic or social justification for 
the ament Common Agricultural 
Policy” and that the “present struc- 
ture of the £27 billion ($40 bflHan) 
CAP should be broken up.” 

(Reuters, AP) 

VW Experiment Alters Work Ethic 

By Brandon Mitchener 

huemaa gnoi Herald Tribune 

SALZG1TTER, Germany — It is 9 o’clock 
Friday morning, and Ulf Bdraer, a heavy- 
machinery operator at the local Volkswagen 
AG motor factory, shews up at bis brothers 

hone and went swimming with his two chil- 

Since the start of the year, Freitag, which 
sounds suspiciously like “free day” in German, 
haslived limits name for 8,000 VW employ- 
ees in Sclzgittcrwho are the first subjects in the 
automaker’s ambitious and social 

experiment in saving jobs by reducing wok 
schedules and pay in proportion. 

A four-day workweek for some and a 
shorter working day far others, the model is 
slowly spreading to include 100,000 workers at 
aH six of VWs domestic manufacturing plants. 
In the process, it is radically changing the way 
Germans think about work and" leisure. 

Peter Hartz, the VW labor director who 
devised the emergency plan, raTU ji an alterna- 
tive oilier German and European manufactur- 
ers would do weO to consider before resorting 
to layoffs. “We’ve been saving money mr* 
Jan. 1,” he said. “Thai nvanc it works.” 

Indeed, while many in government and 
business continue to denounce the VW model 
as a short-tom solution that will probably 
backfire, those whose jobs the plan has saved 
say the immediate benefit outweighs the 
eventual risk. 

“We’re all a bit skeptical, but we knew 
something had to be done,” said Mr. BOrner, 
39. “We’re not doing this fra* our health, we're 
doing it because the automobile industry is in 
a crisis.” 

Roland Schmidt, a member of the workers’ 
council at the Sahghter factory, said Ire en- 

joys shopping without stress. “It's less hec- 
tic." he said. “You don’t buy more, but you 
can shop more decisively." He has also used 
care free Friday to spend a long weekend in 
Bavaria and is looking fora school that offers 
once-a-wedc classes in English. T expect peo- 
ple who live with this system for two years 
wiU learn to love it," be said. 

Others are simply staying home, spending 
more time with tbar families. "Free time costs 
money,” said Mefcmet Kulak, a Turkish work- 
er with two children who has worked at VW 

f I expect people who 
live with this system for 
two years will learn to 
love it/ 

Roland Schmidt, member of YW 
workers’ council. 

since 1980. T have to watch that I don’t spend 
too much on entertainment. We haven't no- 
ticed it yet, but we are earning less money." 

The financial wizardry of the VW model is 
such that monthly incomes were left tm- 
toudaed. The pinch wifl not ermte until August 
and December, when traditional holiday and 
Christmas stamping bonuses fail to appear. 

Moreover, VW workers have been tradition- 
ally better naid than most German metalwork- 
ers and win still earn up to 40 percent more 
than some tWteagm* even after the pay cut 
that accompanies the 20 percent work reduc- 
tion. Mr. Kulak , who said loss of income win 
total around 8.000 Deutsche marks ($4,6501 a 
year, said that is a small price to pav for job 
security anil a higher quality of life. 

While the Sahgitter community mTUy 

library, swimming pool and ice rink report a 
slight increase in activity since tire four-day 
week went into effect, cautious spending by 
employees at VW — one of only two large 
lo cal employers — has already led local shops 
to lament lost business. 

A travel office said people are booking 
shorter trips on shorter notice, Frank Weber, 
a dance instructor at Tanzschule Kwiat- 
kowski, reported a sharp drop in attendance. 
“We thought more people would sign up 
because their Fridays are free, but the oppo- 
site is true,” he said. “People think two or 
three ti mes before they spend money now.” 

He noted that the new lack of interest was 
roughly in proportion to past participation 
by VW workers, about 25 percent. 

Id Wolfsburg. 30 kilometers (18 miles) 
away, the impact will be greater because half 
the city’s population of 100,000 works for 
VW and tire rest are directly or indirectly 
dependent on the automaker’s health. 

The pulse of tire city has already changed. 
Many people are waking up later be ca u s e tire 
VW early shift now starts at 7 AM. instead of 
5:30 AM, while others get home earlier, less 
tried, and have time to go into town before 
the sun sets. 

Stephan Krull a member of tire workers’ 
conn a] in Wolfsburg, said the VW model’s 
emphasis on employment helps the city be- 
cause its bill for jobless benefits will be lower. 
It is better to have thousands of people lose 
income than lose their jobs, he argued. 

He also emphasized the relatively high lev- 
el of VW wages. “Nobody will go hungry and 
no one wiU lose the roof over their head," be 
said. “There is no state of emergency at VW 

See VOLKSWAGEN, Page 11 

Hong Kong Bourse Haunted by Politics 

By Kevin Murphy 

Iruemanonal Herald Tribute 

HONG KONG — Concern 
about Hang Kong's political turbu- 
lence has returned as & significant 
factor in the local stock market, 
aoaxdmg to analysts a«ftss(ng the 
damage from a week when British- 
Chinese relations deteriorated. 

A market jittery about rising 
VS. interest rates and an e m erg i n g 
Hong Kang-Bqjing standoff over 
democratic reforms in the colony is 
hoping a corporate reporting sea- 
son that opens Monday can butty 
the Hang Seng Index, down 15 per- 
cent since the start of the year. 

Otherwise, analysts said, the 
market could be headed for further 

- “About $2 billion has been* 
pulled out of this market by U.S. 
mutual funds since 1994 began,” 
said Kirk Sweeney, director of re- 
search for Lehman Brothers Asia 
Ltd. “People will use there kinds of 
developments to take profits." 

A flood of foreign money that 
lifted the Hang Seng index to re- 

cord heights in 1993 largely ignored 
the building tensions between Beij- 
ing and London over electoral re- 
form in Hong Kong. 

Investors argued that a fast-de- 
veloping China, not Hong Kong 
itself, was the catalyst of their keen 
interest, although tire safest way to 
gain exposure to (he mainlan d 
ec o nomy remained via the shares 
of hlue<hip Hong Kcaig compa- 
nies operating there. 

Many, especially those making 
long-tom investments, still hold 
that view. Bnt many strategists are 
nervous that rocketing real estate 
values and rents, plus the deqj dis- 
trust between Britain and China, 
could signal that Hong Kong’s cur- 
rent economic boom has peaked. 

A ^decision last week by Hong 
Kong's governor, Chris Patten, to 
press ahead with electoral reform 
legislation already rejected by Chi- 
na in lengthy negotiation and to 
release details of those talks has 
enraged Beijing. 

It now says it wifl no longer co- 
operate with Britain on Hong Kong 

matters, although both rides of 
Sino-British Joint l iatsnn Group 
negotiations held last week report- 
ed they had made progress in four 
days oi talks over defense concerns 
after 1997, when China is to resume 
control over the colony. 

Meetings of the liaison group, 
which is charged with w orking out 
the myriad details of the transfer in 
sovereignty, hate became mired in 
the bitter fight over dectaral reform 
with little substantive business bring 
completed in the past 18 months. 

Agre em ents on several m^jor 
public-works projects, including 
Hong Kong’s new $21 billion air- 
port now under construction, have 
yet to be readied. 

“This market is not in a frame of 
mind to take disappointments 
weK” said Barry Yates, research 
director of the Vickers Balias Hong 
Kong Ltd. brokerage, referring to 
the corporate reporting season. 
This starts Monday with HSBC 
Holdings PLCs release of its 1993 
annual results. The company, the 
parent of Hongkong & Shanghai 

Bank, Hang Seng Bank and Mid- 
land Bank of Britain, is widely ex- 
pected to report banner earnings, 
with some analysts predicting a 40 
percent increase in profits. 

The other banks, property devel- 
opers, and trading houses that 
make op the bulk of Hong Kong’s 
leading companies are also expect- 
ed to announce strong results 
earned from their role in China and 
Aria’s economic boom in 1993. 

However, with China’s economy 
running too quickly to keep infla- 
tion to mangeable levels and with 
Beijing repeating its threats that 
British business may be hurt by its 
government’s recent derisions in 
Hong Kong, wariness has replaced 
blind bullishness among investors. 

“The market is not so much wor- 
ried about the actual political situa- 
tion but what the impasse implies 
for business confidence and in vest- 
most in Hong Kong,” said Mr. 
Yates. “People can’t quantify it, bnt 
it’s there in the background and 
people are increasingly aware of it” 

It’s Not Like Old Times , but U.S. Economy Leads the World 

By Sylvia Nasar 

■Haw York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — During tire presidential 
canqiaign. Bill Ointoti often fretted that the 
US. economy was becoming a global also- 
ran. But now it looks like be inherited a 

A 3 percent economic growth rate, a pin 
of 2 million jobs in the last year and an 
inflation rate reminiscent of tire 1960s make 
America the envy of the industrialized world. 
The amount the average American worker 
can produce, already the highest in the 
world, is growing faster than in Japan and 
other wealthy countries. 

The United States has become the world's 
low-cost provider of many sophisticated 
products and services, freon plastics to soft- 
ware to financial services. And after years of 
dedine, its share of the world export market 
has been tiring. 

It is the United States, not Japan, that is 
the ma«w of the new generation of comput- 
er and communications technologies and 
aim of leading-edge services from medicine 
to movie-makmg. 

American managers are not only investing 
heavily in new equipment, they are also much 
farther akm^tfaan those in Europe and Japan 
in <r nMwnlming and re-engineering their cotn- 
panies to wafoe them more competitive. VS. 
industries (hat recently were losers — anuano- 
bfles, machine tods, sted and computer chips 
— are back with a vengeance. 

Electronics Firms Suggest School Standards 

By Frank Swoboda 

Wosbmgton Peat Service 

WASHINGTON — The US. electron- 
ics industry, one of those being counted on 
by the government to lead the way in the 
creation of high-perfonnance jobs, has 
outlined skills it will demand from future 
high school graduates. 

The American Electronics Association 
has unveiled the baric standards it says its 
workers wfll need. Under U.S. Labor De- 
partment grants, other industries are set- 
ting up their own standards. 

The electronics association listed baric 
the weaker of the future would be 
expected to perform, which coaid guide 
public school systems in setting curricula. 

For example, a manufacturing specialist 
should be able to monitor quality control, 
interpret statistics, perform diagnostic 
tests and work weD individually or in a 

In all categories a common thread, be- 
yond the base technical knowledge, was 
tbe ability to communicate and identify 
customer needs. Hus is particularly im- 
portant in tbe electronics industry, whose 
main contact with the public increasingly 
is its maintenance technician. 

Alo ng with similar standards in other 
industries, the electronics group’s propos- 
als are expected to serve as the main hiring 
gftpgp for high school graduates who are 
not bound for college. The Labor Depart- 
ment says it hopes to have standards de- 
veloped and in place for at least 20 indus- 
tries within tbe next few years. 

Eventually, major industry groups ex- 
pect to use tbe standards to develop a 
national skills test to certify high school 
graduates. Some Labor Department offi- 
cials have predicted this certification pro- 
cess eventually will replace the high school 
diploma for millions of non college gradu- 
ates seeking high-performance jobs. 

The turnaround reflects more than 10 David RoUey, an international economist 
years of often wrenching change, driven by at the forecasting firm DRl/McGraw Hill, 
recession, deregulation, foreign competition, said, “Everyone thought the U.S. was a bas- 
tbe threat of takeovers, and. not last, new ket case, but others turned oat to be bigger 
technology. basket cases. Germany has too many good 

things, too many vacations. Japan is too 
much like IBM, such a successful model that 
nobody figured out what to do when it ex- 
hausted the model” 

Yet the U.S. gains have crane at a high 
price. Even as the economy created new jobs, 
tens of millions of people lost their old rates 
and were forced lopnll up stakes, take pay 
cuts, carve out new careers. 

Tomorrow’s stare, from Malaysia to Mexi- 
co. also pose growing challenges for many an 
American business. 

Moreover, bring the economic leader is no 
cure for some American society’s most seri- 
ous problems — crime, inadequate educa- 
tion. the growing isolation of the underclass, 
the rampant eco nom ic insecurity that many 
middle-class Americans feel 

But tbe changing perception of America is 
already subtly influencing the way Ameri- 
cans think, infatuation with the Japanese or 
German model of capitalism is becoming 
less fashionable, and the massive govern- 
ment meddling advocated by many critics to 
reverse the nation’s supposed decline is less 
appealing to a lot of people. 

Efforts to protect the people wbo have 
suffered in tbe economic transformation 
could backfire — as they have in Europe — if 
they take tbe form ctf protectionism or laws 
dial make it harder fra businesses to shrink 
payrolls or get out of unprofitable businesses. 

But many people, including Alan Green- 
See AMERICA, Page 11 

U.S. Tells 
G-7 Jobs 
Are Key 

But Bentsen Says 
Worst of Slump 
Is ^Behind Us 9 

By Brandon Mitchener 

Iniermlronal Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Two weeks 
ahead of a high-profile jobs summit 
to be hosted by VS. President Bill 
Clinton in Detroit, the United 
States is increasing pressure on Ja- 
pan and Western Europe, laggards 
along the path of global economic 
growth and job creation, to remove 
trade barriers, stimulate domestic 
consumption, cut interest rates and 
make their labor markets more 

Finance officials and central 
bankers from the world's richest 
industrialized countries agreed Sat- 
urday after meeting near Frankfurt 
to pursue policies that favored job 
creation. But they also said unem- 
ployment, which lags growth every- 
where, continued to defy quick so- 

The group also urged Russia to 
make good on its promises of eco- 
nomic reform in exchange fra* con- 
tinued Western financial support 
“There was a general sense that 
tbe worst of the recent downturn is 
behind us,” said U.S. Treasury Sec- 
retary Lloyd Bentsen. But unem- 
ployment throughout the group — 
which indudes tbe United States, 
Japan, Germany, Canada, Britain, 
Italy and France — remains “unac- 
ceptably high.” he said, suggesting 
strongly that Europe and Japan 
were not doing all they could. 

The United States boasts one of 
tbe group’s most buoyant recover- 
ies, while Japan and Germany, tbe 
world's second- and third-Iargest 
economies, are among its most 

slu ggish . 

Unemployment, the main focus 
of a meeting scheduled for March 
14 and 15 in Detroit, permeated tbe 
Saturday discussions on broader is- 
sues ranging from global trade to 
Western aid to Russia. 

A U.S. official said Mr. Bentsen 
told his Japanese counterpart. Fi- 
nance Minister Hirohisa Fujii, that 
the United States had “very real 
concerns” that Japan was not living 
up to its commitment to promote 
strengthened domestic demand 
and significantly boost imports to 
reduce its stubbornly high surplus- 
es with tbe United States and Eu- 

The official stressed that the 
United Stares remained "very- con- 
cerned” about Japan’s position. 
Trade tensions between the two 
countries have contributed to a 
steep rise in the yen against the 

But Japan scored a partial vic- 
tory in averting official calls for a 
stronger yen, which would drive up 
the price of Japanese exports ana 
ma ke imported goods cheaper- Mr. 
Fujii, in a press conference upon 
his return to Japan, said be had 
managed to convince other coun- 
tries that a further steep apprecia- 
tion of the yen would delay rather 
than accelerate economic growth. 

Without singling out the Bundes- 
bank, Mr. Bentsen urged European 
countries to lower tbdr interest 
rates to stimulate their economies. 
“Given the progress Europe has 
made on inflation, we believe the 
authorities should take advantage 
of any opportunities to reduce in- 
terest rates," he said. 

Hans Tieuneyer, president of the 
Bundesbank, which effectively dic- 
tates interest rates throughout the 
12-nation European Union, said 
there was no new criticism of Ger- 
many’s policy of slow, cautious in- 
terest rate reductions. “We all said 
we would like lower rates when 
there is room for it,” he said. 

Much of the weekend was devot- 
ed to meetings with Russian offi- 
cials, who pledged 10 continue eco- 
nomic reforms and bring inflation 
down from more than 20 percent a 
month 10 a range of 7 to 9 percent a 
month by the end erf the year. 

Bloomberg Takes 
A Tumble on Ice 

!VO* Tort Tima Service 
NEW YORK —At 4:16 P.M. on 

Friday, the 35,000 electronic moni- 
tors that supply Bloomberg Busi- 
ness News services and securities 
prices to subscribers ground to a 
momentary ball at a critical time— ■ 

just as stock and bond prices 
were being reported in New York. 

The problem: Thousands of sub- 
scribers were trying to read the re- 
port disclosing that Oksana Baiul 
of Ukrame^ wno had been iryured 
in an on-ice collision on Wednes- 
day, had narrowly defeated Nancy 
Kemgan in the race for a gold 
medal figure skating. 

“If everybody types the same 
function at the same moment, you 
will have gridlock," said Matthew 
Winkler, editor-in-chief rfBIoom- 
bexg. The disruption in service last- 
ed only a few minutes, he said. 

The first headline summary w 

the Lortma Bobbitt case had caused 

system gridlock lasting 30 to 40 
minutes. “After that happened, we 
did a big autopsy,’ said Mr. 

As Synthetics Slide 9 Natural Tea Tree Oil Revives 

By Michael Richardson 

International HeraU Tribute 

BALLINA, Australia — Christopher 
TVan was first convinced of tbe healing 
oroperties of tea tree oi] when i t saved him 
from an uncomfortable operation in 1 978. 

On a trip through Asia and Africa to 

fioMhat got steSly P wQr5e over five 
months despite various treatments. 

"Fortunately my 
brother Michael 
turned up with a 
small sample of tea 

tree oil which my 
stepfather had sent 
with him from Aus- 
tralia and that did the 

trick,” Mr. Dean re- 
called the other day in his office al the 
factory and showroom of Thursday Plan- 
tation Laboratories Pty Lid. 

Within four days, tbe foot problem 
cleared up and the genn of reviving a 
quintessentially Australian business had 
been planted. 

Today, Mr. Dean and his family control 
about 70 pereeni of the privately-owned 
Thursday plantation, which markets u* 

largest range of Australian tea tree oil 
pr<xl acts. He is chairman of tbe company. 

The concern has its headquarters just 
ou ts i d e Ballina, a town about 800 kilome- 
ters (500 miles) north of Sydney cm the 
Pacific coast erf Australia. 

The tea tree (meblatca ahemifolia) is 
native to Australia and indigenous to the 
swamps along the coast on either side of 
Ballina. (Ml tEsriDed from the leaves is in 
increaHM demand around the world as a 
natural fungicide, antibiotic and hwifing 

agent that can penrtxate the skin and mu- 
oous manbranes without causing nritation. 

Sates by the company of tea tree ad, and 
products such as soap, sunblock, mouth- 
wash and anti-peispiranl that contain the 
ail, amounted to neirfy 63 miffion Austrar- 
han dollars (S4i tmffioo) m 1993. Saks are 
expected to reach about 9 mOKcm dollars 
this war, up from I6OD00 dollars in 1989. 

' while health product shops, pharma- 
cies, grocery stores and supermarkets in 
Australia accounted fra* about 75 percent 
of the company's turnover in 1S93, the 
United Stares; Britain, New Zealand, Can- 
ada and other overseas markets are be- 
coming increasingly large buyers. 

Thursday Plantation has been among 

the 50 fastest-growing private companies 
in Australia in each of the last five years. 

It now employs 35 people at its Ballina 
bead quarters, eight in hs U.S. office in 
Santa Barbara, Cahfomia, which Michael 
Dean beads, and three in Sydney. 

Tea tree oil, which has a nutmeg odor, 
has a long history of use in Australia as a 
powerful natural antiseptic and cure for 
common ailments. Australian aborigines 
applied tea tree leaves to wounds and 
Australian soldiers in World War II were 
given the oD as a disinfectant 

The proliferation of synthetic medicines 
after 1945 crippled the Australian tea me 
o3 industry. 

Field research by Mr. Dean’s step-fa- 
ther, Eric White, which showed how the 
trees could be grown in tree farms, and a 
strong swing bad; to natural medicines 
and products in many countries in recent 
years, have helped revive the business. 

LyaQ R. Wiffiams. professor of chemis- 
try at Macquarie University in Sydney, 
said that that this worldwide swing was “in 
response to tire ever increasing incidence 
Of allergic reactions, adverse side effects 
and thebuOdup of resistance by pathogen- 

ic organisms to synthetic disinfectants, 
germicides and antibiotics.” 

He said that plantation production of 
tbe tea tree opened the door to guaranteed 
supplies of cal of uniform quality. 

Mr. Dean, an anthropology graduate 
from Sydney University, said although the 
name of the company might suggest that it 
was chiefly a plantation producer of tea 
tree oil, its main focus over the past decade 
had been on developing value-added prod- 
ucts, effective marketing and distribution 
networks, and brand recognition. 

For example, the film has developed its 
own Thursday Planiation range of prod- 
ucts for the U.S. including toothpaste, 
lozenges, mouth wash, breath freshener 
and toothpicks. 

Peter Dean, a brother of Christopher 
and director of international marketing at 
Thursday Plantation, said that although 
output of Australian tea tree o3 might 
□early double in the next three years to 
about 200 tons annually, there would still 
not be enough to meet global demand. 

Articles in Hus series appear every Other 



^ E R 


Tile last thing many investors want is to get adventurous about current fads and exotic mar e . 

If safety, yield, a stable currency and long-term value are your priorities, consider Germany's Pfandbnef 

system. Pfandbriefe in Germany are bonds issued to refinance mortgages or public loans, a time-tested 

idea that dates back more than two centuries. In line with the Mortgage BankAct of 1900, these bonds 

are secured by mortgages or by public- 

backing of separate iunds with 
at least matching yields and 

maturities. And all 



issues are monitored by a state- 

- [' V-aii.V • . • •»'. 


omtea trustee., ^ 

The bottom line on safety? 


. ' • ' ■ • : • •' i : . »• t y - ■> 

No ihvefct^ to 

receive 100 % 

on a 

German Pfandbrief held to maturity. 
The legal framework surrounding 
Pfandbriefe has an unsurpassed record for 

A. v T 

C i£z T-lr; r.\; 

ae h ^ , , 

l#4£v £ . v . 

endurance, offering investors a fixed-interest D-Mark instrument of quality - 
higher than German Treasury bonds (Bunds). Sound reasons why Pfandbriefe, 
at nearly DM 1 trillion at year-end 1993, amounted to 40 % of Germany's entire 

bond market. 

German Pfamibriefe are officially 
quoted on . German . stock ex- 
changes. Issuers a<dively maintain 
a well-functioning secondary 

fal' - Sets Gi 

rHiz-i? ■••••• 


rn ! j£rx' ,f 


w " 


spor* .r- ' rj-* 

4 -■ : 

















\ ^ hypqt^^Sbank in berun ag 

:: s?* 

. . 

V *'«£?:■* '*‘ 1 

r , '’Ll \t ;•**£ 
^ « 4b ■ 

• ‘-.i. 

■ ■ i- 

1 N7N.1 

' lh. * 


•^c!; t 

15 ? » 



Page 11 

New International Bond Issues 


. Amount' ; 


Wee end 

Floating Rate Wot— - ■: 

' 7.- , S3Sa \ VOS' i ... 100* 

Comfr finance 

ttonex) - ...: 


5730 199?; Aji 99^32 • — 

.$100 ... 2004:. J4 99% — 

$150 1999 m 9836 — 

Saaaaderm . ’ - 1500 - .1997 -Obor 9?.w.— 

jCaymans} ~ • 

MpkshBank of FWand $200 1999 Q-TO lOcT 

Leo 2 Pic (AT) 

Leo 2 He {A2) 

£187 2032 TO : " — 

£313 2032 TO — 

Woolwich Briefing - ' - £200 1999 J4 ' 99*? 

Society , ' ~' : v \ :-■• •_ .. 

Safomon Jnd 1 m. 200,000 ■ ; 1999 • 0375 tOOtt- 

L "dbrie : 


?e cond 



^ w. 


ids and 

- Hi 

•riled to 

• ■ -?& fe 

FiMd-Coupwa ; ; ; . 

Asian Devdopniert . . . - $750 2004 614 99.717 

Baric . •• 

feet Japan Baftway. :: $flQQ 2004 . dH 99*39 

Uruguay ~ f $100 2 004 7M 99.675 

Eridorea BegrinrSay^ ". FF 1 ,500 2002 Sift '10033, 

Bank Naderlancfce df250 1998 5K . 99m 

Gerrtcarten ■' . ; ' • • 

Copenhagen " DK LOOP •' 2001 . M 9SM 

EqidtyAJnkH - 

Chinese Estdtes . $110 2001 open 100 ' 

Holdings . / •’ 

Ow 6-«nontff Ufcar, Cafcbto « par in 1994. Fan not 
&OQM& Oononaw ftom flftflpft, (Goldman Sochi Ml} 

Ov* $mmh l&or. Gobble of per from 7 WS. Aw 030*. 
OOdda.fMbodytoH- • 

- ®"5"' 4 ?°? h ' Av - Fm o suit. 

• Mm» Bradwre tart, BO) 

Oww W* Libor. Nmfafafe Fm* 0375*. (Salomon 

Coupon pep ***** Libor flat. Noncofcfale. Fms 0.1 25%. 
{Morgan stontoy tail} 

O* O^nonih Ubor. fa ttettaobta * 99.95% in 1995. ond « 
por ibwMiBar. Goflobta at por in 1997. F**s net cfadree* 
D en o wm o tiu i u 910000, QGddr, Pbofaody Up 

Coupon pep 3-morah Ubor phe 0.15% until 1997, and 030% 
o*m Libor twnihr. terffcwrf at 99M. LW&aB-bockod 
noCo* an coBobt* oi por from 1997. Few 0.14%. (JJ. Morgan 

Coupon pap 3«onlhLa«r pteO^SXunrt 2000. tmdnSWt 
ow Ubor thereafter. feaflered at 9978. The mortgage- 
bodflod note* are eatable at pt» from 2000. Few (142%. (J.P. 
Morgen Saeuiitiak) 

6w 3monlb Ubor. Nanx&Mo. Fm* 0.1875* Derommo- 
famJEKUHO. (UBSihL) 

O'* Stnorth Ubor, Rnc^farnd t* 999S. Foe* Q.40X. (Scde- 
man Brathoa, Owfito UoSonoJ 

— . Nonc aB btOB. Feet 0323%. pdowoa Brntheraj 

— "■ NonooBaWe. fats 035%. (Merrig Lynch trelj 

— Sewrenwafly. Nanaalbbfa. Fm* 0375%. (Qiibotifc fret] 

. — ' AwAmdidS>U5&Nor«^^ 

— Keofferad at 99JJB. CaDoUe at par m 1995. F«« IV (ABN 

— •" NoncaHbbie. Fees Q325V [UrAicric A/S) 

Coupon indeated at 4V Convertible klo company's there* at 
an exported UHb-18% premitm. CBdaentoble in 1999 to paid 
about 1 J5K tine than emparoUe US bond. Odtable at par 
fro® 7997 to 1999 if the Modi trade* at 140* or more of 
commion price. Term to be ml next week. (Robert Reining 
and Co) . 

Japan Radio 

$200 - 1998. 1H 100 . - — 

Keisri Bedric RaHway . $250 199$ \ 100 — 

hfippon Derab hpat * $100 12001 open 100.. . ^ — 



£250 2009 514 100 — 

Tokyo Bedran iidl ' -ffT ( T00 ' ,1998 ‘ 1M 100 — 

foqidNacffloyd DM® ^2001 : 414 300 ' 
Gfttsfi • : P."' ^ » 

Noneolabin. Each $IQjOOO note earrie* two warranto eeerc® 
able into campan/t thra ot a premium. Fmx 2W. Tema to 
be set Marchl. (NMo EwapeJ 

NoacdUk. Each S1QJQ0O neie with two warrant exerde- 
abte mto eonpcety'i dnm at 977 yen per dare, and of 107 
yen per dal®, a 2V4% premium, ries ML (Nomura Inti) 

Coupon indealed at 3 to 314%. Nariadtoble. Comerbbie « ®i 
expedad 10 to 15X proninn feet 2MV Ternw to be nK Wx. 
3* p.O. Worborgj 

CaMdo at 103* deefiring by 1% axwcSy, fttm 2001-3004. 
GonwtlUa into eonpaty * Am at 505 pence per denu o 
T2% premium. Few ZWV (UBS UdJ 

N o n a d kd ifa. Each 10J10O franc note oorriei worront* «htc 4- 
oble "rto aorapany'l shores at a prcinum. Fees 2%%. Tetrro to 

be Mf Ftdt. 2tL (Nonxxa RanceJ 

Gadi ]j009guUtr note <* aanwert ib le into ?I dm of 
NedBnyd Graep cannon Midi cd B9 75 guUen par shore, a 
20%prwniam Cblabie from J997 — ot par if the itodc trades 
at ar above the conversion price for X dap, or at price to 
yield MX ? they trade below, fees 2% V (ABNAMIO. 
Gakknan SadeJ 


U.S. TooIOrdCTS Advanceinjanuaiy 

7. .*■ Tht Associated Prext 

ihcp^^^Mi^cxtmdmg 199Ts ganuauI^^big'feB^mvBst- 
xnent la UA mannfacturii®. . •' 

The Assodatioa far Mannfactmii»TednKdc®r Knotted &mday that 
madiiac tool erdas rose U>5356.05inSioQ is Jsaaarymm J330J5 million 
in Dcxwnlwr.^ Ccttnparod to theHce nKHrtha\we#^,<a^enrooredwn 
dopMed ftoni S 1 73^5 naSran. "Jannsr^s ordas s®ml continued reinvest- 
ment by the UA m mannfactmmg, udnrii is essential to onr kmg-tmn 
ecaoanuc heahh,” said Albert W. Moore, the assodatkm's preadeaL 
Machine tool shmmeno totaled 5222^0 nriffioo, down 45 pocratfmm 
the,“vay strong W0435 nnffica logged-in Deamber. the assodation 
said. Cooipared. vrith Jamiary a year ago, ^tepments uerraff 10.73 
percent* fram S24&9 ntiffiaa. The riaein machine tod consumptimi in 

1993 rcvczsed three years of dedines. Ccmsampticii is forecast to rise in 

1994 and 1995 as weD, the association said, hi 1993, UA consumption 
■ . topped that of Gemjany and jhpan for the first 'time ance 1986. 
Although domestic orders are rising, foreign orders are Ming. New 

domestic orders rose 18 percent in January, to $345.15 mDHon. But export 
OTdert fell 70.26 percent, to $105 mflHcn. 

■•usdiiB Italj Sete Comit Share Price 

. MILAN, Italy (AP) —Italy set a share price Saturday of 5,400 Kre 
(S3.21) for the Banca CmmnerriBle ItaBana, the second tnqcff state- 
owned bank to be sdd to private investors. ... 

The price, which applies to individual and mstitnticmal investors, 
reflects a discount of 80 percent from Friday's dosing price of 5^04 Kre. 

n» puhfic offering hr set to bqgn Monday with a minimum of 200 
million shares reserved For individual shareholders. The remaining 280 
million shares preset aside for institotkaud investors and -current and 
fanner anplpytass. ! . • 

The state-ion Istitutoper la Ricostruzkme Industrial, or IRL winch 
ovms 54 perceui the baidc, is m the process of srihng off many of its 
m^ot hoKhngs to raise cash for the defioi-troablcd government. 

LONDON (Btoamlwx) — W-H. SmWi Grotqj PLC is planning to 
mage its record chain Our Price ^ with Vu^t Group H-Csirtafl business 
to create Britain’s largest recanted muse retefl stare dwia^Tte Observer 
rep ort e d. According 10 the newspaper. Smith will transfer 305 Our Price 
stores to Virgin Retail, its 50-50 jomt venture with Virgin, in return for 
increasingrits'stelaiinrim^ venture 10 75 percent No cash is.eaqpected to 
change hands, die paper said, ahhough the chain will become *' debt-free.” 

is expected to 

— Geriwaty's Bayerisdte Momma Wcrice AG 
cd k» than was originally thoo^U in ankr to 
roup PLCfram Britmb Aaospace PLG because 
ids in cash iesen« which BMW will tabs over. 

Rover has 271 ntiffion pounds m cash reserves wtach BMW will taloe over, 
reducing its purchase price acconfingfyv the. Sunday Times reputed. 

Green Buys Sacc^sor to Dimel 

NEW YORK (AP) -r- Green Capiud hwtttora CP, an /gmta fevwt- 
ment paxtnerabip, has completed its! purchase d/ New Street Capital Obix, 
heir to the defunct Wall Street firm of Diexd Burnham Lambertlnc. 

Green Cmrital Investors LP, is controlled by Hotosribe T.. Green, Jr^ 
chairman of Westpoint Stevens Inc, n w* *** 

towels. New Street hdd abort. 22 percent of Westpouit S stodc. 

In the complex transaction, announced in December, New Street 
hotridazed part of its jareament^ and used S4U rnffion of the prixeeda, 
to retire twSnrfs of its stock. Green Capital paW about $174 tmlhcmm 

m m -- T JL A Fto ■■■ ■ nftof f/fr lAflf-AT fllfl £!/¥».■ 


Borrowing Rises 

Gonftooed from Page 9 

of asset management-” iast year’s 
fund raising was concentrated in 
bond marfc^s, where gross new is- 
snes amounted to $481 When, in* 
creasing the existing stock of out- 
standing debt to $1,847 trillion. 
. While the dollar remained the 
most-used currency for new issues, 
the report noted impressive in- 
creases of more than 100 percent in 
the use of sterling, the Canadian 
dollar and the pesos, as wdl as 
substantial increases in the use of 
the TtaTinn Bra, French franc and 
Deutsche mark. 

Saks of commercial paper rose 
to S3ti.6 billion. Medium-term 
notes rose $114 bShon, an increase 
of a mere 15 percent, compared 
with the doubting of activity re- 
corded in the prior two years. This 
slowdown suggest that “this sector 
may be moving into a phase of 
‘maturity,’ with the value of pro- 
grams in place approaching a level 
large enough for meeting borrow- 
ers* immediate needs,” the report 

In all, $41 UDion was raised 
through the sale of equities. In ad- 
dition, $130 banian was raised in 
the syndicated loan market How- 
ever, most of that was refinancing 
and new lending was estimated at 
only $70 billion — the lowest since 

In a spatial section, the report 
stated that massive amounts of pri- 
vate capital continue to flow into 
the so-called emer gi n g marie fits in 
Asia and Latin America. While Ob- 
serving that these Hows “seem 
store soundly based than the bank 
leodingboom of the 1970s and ear- 
ly 1980s,” the report highlighted 
various risks. 

It fretted that investment man- 
agers might be pursuing aggressive 
asset growth at the expense of care- 
ful examination of rides and it was 
concerned that huge inflows may 
undermine domestic monetary 
control while outflows, when and if 
they occur, could have equally un- 
favorable consequences. 

So far, things have worked well 
“bat only in a generally improving 
investment efimate.” It noted that 

“the system has yet to be tested in a 

worsening environment." The ‘'rel- 
ative immaturity of domestic finan- 
cial systems could be a point of 
particular vulnerability” and “in 
cases where major speculative pres- 
sures arise, the prudential sound- 
ness of domestic banking systems 
may also be tested." 

India to Put 
More Firms 
On Block 


NEW DELHI — India plans 
Shortly to begin a new round of 
privatization, selling off shares of 
several major state-owned compa- 
nies while retaining overall govern- 
ment control in the enterprises, of- 
ficials said os Sunday. 

The government said last year it 
hoped to raise 35 billion rupees 
(S1.13 billkm) by selling die shares. 

Officials said the government 
would put part of the equity of 
seven major sure-owned compa- 
nies on the block before March 31, 
when the current fiscal year ends. 

The seven include the country’s 
largest steel maker, the Sled Au- 
thority of India, along with Hindu- 
stan Petroleum, Bharat Heavy 
Electricals UdL, Hindustan Ma- 
chine Tools Lid., Bharat Petro- 
leum, Hindustan Zinc Ltd. and 
Bharat Earth Movers Ltd 
A finance ministry nffiejnl said 
the government was divided on 
how to value shares, and worried 
that divestment was geared more to 
cover the government's budget def- 
icit than changing the culture of the 

sure-owned companies and pre- 
paring them to meet competition. 

Since launching economic re- 
forms in 1991, India has moved 
slowly to shed part of its holdings 
in 237 state-owned firms, 104 of 
which lost money in 1992-93. 

It last sold shares in state-owned 
firms in 1992, raising 495 billion 
rupees, according to an economic 
survey released last week. 

Officials said the shares will be 
arid at auction cmen to all mutual 
funds, foreign financial institu- 
tions, brokers and finance compa- 
nies registered with the Securities 
and Exchange Board of India. 

The decision to auction the 
shares was made despite a debate 
within the government about the 
type of companies winch it should 
died, and which ones it should con- 
tinue to finance, officials said. 

“There is a debate," one official 
said. “It is whether the govern- 
ment's budgetary support to pub- 
lic-sector companies should be re- 

The finance ministry says com- 
panies that are doing wdl and able 
to raise funds from the market 
should be encouraged to do so 

Iran Debt 
To Germany 

Conpiiaf by Ow Staff From ffispaidies 

TEHERAN — Iran and Germa- 

3 1 have reached a deal to reached- 
e45 billion Deutsche marks ($3 
billion) in Iranian debt owed to 
German companies under the big- 
gest refinancing package of its kind 
offered to Teheran, officials said. 

The agreement gives Iran six 
yeus in which to pay overdue com- 
mitments. Jubilant officials said 
they were confident that Japan and 
Iren's other trading partners would 
follow suit 

The Iranian ambassador to Ger- 
many, Hossein Mussavian, said dm 
agreement had been reached de~ 

S ite fierce U.S. opposition. “The 
JS. tried to prevent a resolution of 
the financial problems between 
Iran and Germany,” he said. 

The United States had urged 
Germany to isolate Iran on 
grounds it sponsors international 

The agreement was announced 
by Iran’s dqraty foreign minister, 
Mahmoud Vaezi, who met German 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Bonn 
last week. “It’s the biggest agree- 
ment signed by Iran on reschedul- 
ing its foreign debts,” Mr. Vaeri 
said cm his return to Iren on Satur- 

Teheran is saddled with a debili- 
tating debt estimated at $30 billion. 

( Bloomberg, A?) 

New President 

Airlines Likefy 

Compiled ty Or Staff From Dispatches 

MANILA — Carlos Dominguez 
is expected to step down Monday 
as president of Philippine Airlines 
and to be replaced by Jos4 Garda, 
a businessman wbo is a dose asso- 
ciate of PAL’s largest single share- 
holder, tire industrialist Ludo Tan, 
airfare executives said Saturday. 

They reid Mr. Domi nguez, a for- 

turc,^woSd stayer aTdiainn*^ 

PAL has been wracked by dis- 
putes over whether it should take 
die financial risk of buying new 
aircraft or keep its aging fleet but 
face rising maintenance costs. 

Mr. Dominguez said moderniz- 
ing the fleet would cut mainte- 
nance, improve PAL’s ofl-tiffle re- 
cord and enable it to attract Ugh- 
p.jingp*® 1 t^ (gtamAFfj 

Bond Markets Still Wary of Rising Rates 

AMERICA; AU of a Sudden, die Economy Looks like die Won Vs Best 

safettoss- «H?S 5 s 

serve Board,’ say that the many re- Moreover, whfle productivity Jistryisa lhffdmMeeffmmtft^i fln^g thm the^eraan pro 
ecni ^Sre'SfflJS, espotiafly.the ^-j^^ Germany's banking ohgoprihes. ductmty !c ^ 

reborn??! ^Saivity growth, ihanmtteUniied Stoteafor most > Gains cm the factory floor tave when 
agnalthattireuStriSt^secow- of the 20th cortmy, America has laidy bcen even more stdlar than horn that 
my wiU do even better in the .l990s. lately been gaming more quickly, for the economy as a whole: Otn- investment, e^et^ pu 
than in tire J980s. That rtreans, tbw aSn^onteWflrob out h^v put per hour has brcn r^ns^Y 

argue, that- more Amewans *ffl . 10 prqffi more and. better prcd- 5 percent a Ttarted *s 

share in the economy's gams. , .uctT«nd services with new tafcwl- - wraas « has flmtened w f^en m started 


proAictiye Stales as many and Japan caught up or counterparts, especially Europe. 


NEW YORK — The US. Treasury market 15 
expected to remain under pressure this week as 
participants continue to adjust to the notion 
that interest rales are beading higher. 

The 30-year bond lost more than a point last 
week, after having dropped almost 3 points the 
week before. 

The bond market has been m a tailspin since 
ihc Federal Reserve Board pushed up the fedcr- 


al funds overnight interbank loan rate by 25 
basis points on Feb. A the first tightening in 
five years. The Fed's move left the short end of 
tire market waiting for another rate rise while it 
fueled inflationary fears at the long end. 

Technical indicators have begun to signal 
that the bond market has fallen too far. but 
analysts said sentiment was so negative that few 
investors are likely to have the courage to come 
in and buy. *T start from the perspective that 
the market’s already overdone, but it seems 10 

me it’s likely to get more overdone," said Dana 
Johnson, chief of market analysis at the First 
National Bank of Chicago. 

Kevin Logan, chief economist at Swiss Bank 
Corp.. said be expected prices 10 go lower, 
especially at the long end of the market, be- 
cause investors remain confused about how 
won and how often the Fed plans to tighten 
monetary policy. 

“Until that confusion is cleared up. even al 
these levels I don't think well see people willing 
to step up and buy very much.” fie said. 

In the meantime, the uncertainty will lead to 
additional selling by nervous investors, and 
that seQing wfll push the market lower in the 
absence of any willing buyers, be said. 

.Mr. Logan said the short end of (he market 
may do better than the long end because short- 
term securities already have priced in the next 
Fed tightening. ‘There may be people willuig to 
nibble at these levels," be said. 

Mr. Johnson said reports that could trigger 
additional losses next week include the IXs. 

purchasing managers' index for February and 
revisions to the O.S. fourth-quarter gross do- 
mestic product, both scheduled for release on 
Tuesday, and the February UJS. employment 
report, expected on Friday.. 

The Treasury market took a tumble last week 
when the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia 
wrote in its February report that JocaJ manufac- 
turing activity had showed a big increase in 
prices, and Mr. Johnson expected more price 
increases W show up in ihe national purchasing 
index for February. 

But Donald E- Maude, chief U.S. fixed-in- 
come strategist at Scotia McLeod, said the price 
components of both the Chicago and national 
purchasing managers' indexes should steady in 
February following big gains posted in January. 

Fourth-quarter output is expected to be re- 
vised up from the 5.9 percent gain reported last 
month, with analysis widely forecasting a revi- 
sion to a 6.8 percent jump. But traders said that 
the higher fourth-quarter number was already 
accounted for in current bond prices. 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, Feb. 28 to March 4 

A JGhofluto ot tm* mm economic ana 
tnmcmlmonm, com p riotf tonhototamo- 
taim HtoU Ttibun* by Bkmimg Bust- 


• Fob. Zt Mfafl US. DWWMCI*- 
taty o( Commco Jeffrey Gabon antvtti 
from Indonesia tor tour-day vwt 

Bombay A<OnMtnbartiu9naascM«0a- 
ttan from Italy antm w hold talks taftti 
Indian industry lemten arm took tor fiuar- 

a M. SB Bafne CMna mm BnM 
sconomc report on 199&- Oudook: InUal 
a s t fc ntt as toraeonofflto growth and tolla- 
tion am hkaly to ba rnnaad upward. 
BagtoQ EU Trada CormMssonar Loon 
Btttan maatowtti CMiaaaTreda UMstar 
Wu vi 10 ttecum Eiwopeon Unton/Chm- 
esa trada raWtons. 

Haw MU manoa MMaiar Manmohan 
Smgh to retoaaa annual buogaL 
Earatogs npactod HSBC Homings, 
Hsng Song Bank, Chms Onraaas Lana a 
kNWbmnt. QPL unamabonal Holdings 

• March 1 

Hang Kong Gowemmant to auction 

inreo lanfl boos asrmartoO tar readonUal 
dowa l op re enL 

Hoag Kong BHP-Bank to announoa ms- 
jor axpanstan of us ogamra in Hong 
Kong and Ctaia. 

Tokyo ‘Tankan- ouanerty economic 
oudaofc savey. Outtook: DUluaon index 
Sian jb minus SB. unchanged. 

Tokyo una w pioynwnr nu and (otMo- 
appkean! ratio Outlook: Unomntoymam 
unchanged at 23% . ratio down at 0.6S. 
e Mar oh a Rangoon Paesanrs Osy 

Hong Kong Financial Sacrawy HamaJi 
Madaod makes ha amuai Dudgoi state- 

Hoag Kong U.S. Unctorsecrstary of 
CartmcJta: Jeffrey Garwi arrwas. 

Kong Kong Former US Secretary of 
Stan Lawrence EagHfturger and tanner 
San. Howare Baker speak at Areensan 
Chameeroi Cow u nanae on me UA-Osna 

Nan DcU Pdan Preadont Lech Wa- 
laaa. sccorepemed by tub fore^n end 
economic itfanm mrreaar, to wtait Incoa. 
Throujn March 7. 

a March 1 Shanzhan, Chlna- 
Shanghei Steel Tube to announce 
pura to seek a lotmg of cuss B tfiares. 


* KapactaB ttla wank PraoWurt- 

Jarmary mriussnai production Fore- 
cast Up 03% m monm. 

Am sto r da m Renaed 1993 tourttHjuar- 
tar gross domeede product 
Cope nha gen January unemptoyment 
ram. Forecast: i2 2%. 

HAMd January unemptoyment rsM. 
Forecast 19.4% 

Madrid December Industrial produc- 
tion. Forecast Up ZO% in year. 

Madrid January Hade orianes. Fore- 
cast 2<Q Cfton peseta dnfleff. 
a Fab. ZB Frankfurt January H-3 

money supply figures expected. Forecasi- 
An finalized a. 2% nas. 

London February »*-0 money supply 
Fomcasr. Up DM % in monm 
Parts Fourth quarter grata domestic 
product. Forecast: Down 0.1 % /n momn. 
Paris January unamployment rate. 
Forecast- Up 12.1*. 

Rone Sake of Banca CommorcWe l»- 
bann begins Through March 4. 

EsnWngs expsetad PolyGram. 

• March f BniaaBh Deadline lor 
conduswn Of European Union enlarge- 
mem tadks won Austria, Finland. Norway 
and Sweden. 

Frankfurt IG Matatl strike baHat In Lower 
Saxony stans, tasting truae days. 
Ea rn i n g s axpactod Abbey National, 
a March 2 Paris Peugeot holds press 

Earnings axpactod today Vidkere PLC. 

• Hnh 3 Frenldurt Bundesbank 
now* councd meeting 

Parts Pep* conference on 7-UP market- 
ing strategy m France. 

Etonlngt a x pactod Pinups Electronics. 
DSu. Banaue BruxeOss Lambert. Ge- 
waart. Ladbroke Group, Zeneca. 


a Expnctad this w*ak New Vork- 

TnCon CapitdL a uni of Bod Adamic, is 
scheduled to fie sold in a 5351 mtlfcon 
initial public offering oi 13.5 million 
shares at 26 each. 

atarnln^ nxpaotad Brie week Bally 
Gaming, Chiron, Circus Chub. Fluor. Gi- 
ant Group. Katy mdustnea, Gencwose 
Drug Stores. 

• Fab. 28 Harmoallle. Mex- 
ico Worker* from Ford Motor Co. SA 
wdl go on strike if they tan to reach an 
agraenttm on a new labor contract for me 
company's Hermcsflto pient 

Ottawa December employment, earn- 
ings and hours. 

Earnings axpactod CWourta Brands hv 
tftrnsoonai. Duty Free Inwmationar Inc . 
H&R Block, NBX corp.. Kmart Corp., 
Loenert Group me. 

• Marsh s Washington Revised esti- 
mate of gross demesne product tor the 
tounn quarter. 

Washington National Association of 
Realtors retosses existing home tales for 

Tempo. Alta. The National Association 
oi Purchasing Management releases its 
hidicies for February. Forecast: S&9 
Ge orgetown. Ky. Toyota Motor Manu- 
facturing USA l no. ofBaalty starts produc- 
tion at its 5800 million expansion to its 
assembly plant m Georgetown, Ky. 

New York General Electric Co. an- 
nounces new ffghbng products. 

Anaheim. Can Nepcon 'S3 trade show 
features displays from electronics, semi- 
conductor and components companies. 
Through March 3. 

Earnings e x pe c ted Barry Petroleum. 
Bob Evans Forms, Royal Bank of Canada. 

« March * Washington January new 
home sales. 

Washington January personal Income 
and spmtdtng. 

Tuscaloosa, Ale. German automaker 
Merced ear Benz AG hoWs a ground- 
breaking ceremony tor Its new U.S. weW- 
ela assembly plam. 

Dabs Texas instruments scheduled to 
boa a meeting tor financial analysts and 
release its forecasts tor the sarmeondue- 
lor industry m 1994 

• March 3 Wellington Initial wnetoy 
Etato unemployment compensation toaus- 

Washington January factory txdere. 
Earnings expected Canadian imperial 
Bank of Commerce. Dali Computer Corp-. 
Gap Inc. 

■ Marrti 1 WaaWngton Feorueryun- 

VOLKSWAGEN: Short Week Changes Work Ethic 

Cuufittued Bon Page 9 

because we fought for high wages 
in ihe past.” 

But many people who have yet to 
fed the effect a ihe VW model on 
their wallets already fed it in the 


One young parts inspector who 
ashed to remain anonymous said he 
is content to have a job guarantee 
for two years in a region where an 
unemployment level of 15 percent 
matches that in the former East 

In addition to the f oar-day work 
week, the VW modd mandates a 
phased-in early retirement far old- 
er workers to match a gradual em- 
ployment for trainees, who start at 
20 boors a week and do not reach 
full employment for three years. 

“For those already working, a 
catastrophe has been averted, but 
for those left outside, the perspec- 
tive is bleak,” said Antonio Lo 
Qtiatto, head of the Wolfsburg 
branch office of an Italian Catholic 
workers union- Mr. Lo Qriatto, 
who has an ear to the lane Italian 
community in town, said foreign- 
ers, women and “others in a weak 
position” were being offered finan- 
cial and psychological incentives to 
leave the company. 

Rinaldo Carta, who sells VW 
cars to company employees, said 
VW is determined to cut ns payroll 
despite its promise to drier layoffs. 
‘There’s no wav of insuring that 
they maintain those 30,000 jobs,” 
he said, citing the number VW said 
its plan would save nationwide. 

Germany Braces for Strikes 

FRANKFURT — Germany, struggling to emerge from recession, 
faced fresh nnresl on the labor from on Monday when public service 
workers were expected to begin token strikes. 

Mass walkouts by staff in the metaJ-wudring industry in recent weeks 
over pay and benefits have dented hopes of recovery and now the main 
public-service unions, the OeTV and DAG, plan to call workers out in 
short stoppages for similar reasons. 

The OeTV, which in 1992 caused hardship with an 11-day strike, said 
all public services “from waste collection to administration” would be 
disrupted this week. 

Small-scale action among postal workers began on Saturday. 

The public workers’ protests begin just as a four-week campaign of 

smnetfseT ^become strike. Germany* largest 

About 100,000 wodeets in the northern state of Lower Saxony are being 
asked to vote this week on the strike caH If a majority favors action, a 
strike could start on March 7. 

“We are going on the offensive to prevent cuts in wages and a 
lengthening m working hours,” said Monika Wnlf-Mathies, president of 
OeTV, after a third round of pay talks with employers on Friday brought 
a pay deal no closer. 

Fearing the worst many employ- 
ees are deferring discounted pur- 
chases of the new Golfs, Jetias and 
Passats that they make. Orders 
have fallen to 100-150 a week from 
350-400 before the plan went into 
effect, be said. 

Mr. KrnlL the workers' council 
officer, said the change at VW is 

we have been living beyond our 
means," he said. “Now it is sudden- 
ly dear that the boom years have 

“Shorter work lime can be an 
enormous gain for people who do 
something productive with their 
newfound free time," he added. 
“We’ve had experience with shon- 

have been anxieties, but peoples’ 
experiences have been overwhelm- 
ingly good." 

Mr. BOraer, the Salzgiuer ma- 
chinist, agreed. “When it gets 
warmer I can work in the garden,” 
he said 

While he has derided to stay, 
home this summer instead of going 
away, he said ta k i n g a second job lo | 
help make ends meet was the fur- 
thest thing from his and his col- 
leagues' minds. “For God's sake, 
nor he said 

A* a Glance 

Eurobond Yields 







U-S.I. mem Mtm 





U A li toort term 





Kama inertias 





Freed) Irascs 










tonMi knme 










SCU. MM torn 





ECU. roam term 

























Sourer: Lvjtmtbom Stock Enenqrm 

Weofcl rSales M, 

CnW EarodRB 






















2,7X130 12.71530 



Aerumfim* Jl 


4459.W U34L3D 









131140 2040130 2037330 J631I3B 





1321 JO 



140030 27300.10 





7J5J40 71,17130 


21.H948 3835*50 6*59150 63325.10 

Sourer: EunxSrar. Cortot. 

Ubor Rates 

l -moult 


Feb. 25 





DniHaw OMirk 






f * 


Frexeh toxic 





4 9/16 






2 5716 

Sources: Lloyds Beni;, Realm. 

suite coma stan on ivtaicn /. 

“We are going on the offensive to preve 
lengthening m working hours,” said Monika V 
OeTV, after a third round of pay talks with emi 

pxiNTEHN arc on a c« « g g 


lost Week's Markets 

AH nouns on at of doer ot tmHno Friday 

Stock Indexes 

United Stole* Feb. 25 Feb. 11 Wee 
DJ Indus. aa&A 188 7M —125% 

DJ Util. 3M41 BML54 — 0J»% 

DJ Trans. IW2W 17K4Z — UM% 

Si P 100 43132 435*2 —060% 

sbpsoo mm — tus% 

Si P ind S45L3S 550.05 —085% 

NYSE CP 25857 25«7 —050% 


FTSEIOO 1281-2D 138260 —100% 

FT 30 253540 240440 —140% 


Nikkei 225 190XL 18JM0. +U5\ 


DAX ZOMV2 2.15157 —358% 

Howe Kane 

Hang Sena 10.10020 1032500 — 670% 


M5CIP 617 JO 42950 —074% 

Wtartd index From Moreau Stontor CapOOl Inrt 

Money Rites 

UnlM States Feb. 25 

Feb. IB 

Discount rate 



Prime rote 



Federal funds rote 


3 3ns 




Coll money 



&*nontfi Irtterecxifc 






Call money 



3-morrth (ntertMnle 



Bank base rale 


5 1 * 

Coll money 



3-mowh Intertonk 

S M 




Feb. IB 


London am. ItaS 378.95 



This week’s topics: 

O Inside The World Of Biffionare Banker Edmond Safra? 
O Ireland Is Looking A Lot Greener 
O Mass Matrimory For Carmakers? 

O Carlos Slim: Mexico's No-Fills Mogul 
O Russian Oil Giant Lukoil Is Striking Oil and Nerves 

Now available at your newsstand! 

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InoesneP MJ8 — R> EmGrAP 1730 — 19 *23*V® !2’S‘^S 

friHA 1634 —33 EMlrS J7dJ —19 CTWAI1 15M —TO 

1235 —28 GtRsA 1536 —09 CAVol 1033 —13 

p Sb’Zm MlrWncA 836 —37 TEWAPlJ+O —ISl Prtftfn 9^ 
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PATFp 1641 —17 WWlncA 9.19—11 OWlnfl 1035 —44 

Spiny np 2233—39 ArSRB *32 +31 
TxFrlntp 1539 —14 AmarlnBt 935 — 5* 
TotRetnpMJl —06 AZMBt 1039—14 

Abipfip 411 —05 LIMBBn 1136 —05 OhTEA 731 1C MiUinn 1174 —14 ISliGv 9.W — 33 FrstFcF n 9.87 —35 GllniCP 1030 - IfflFd np 1497 — K \/rfrrn> 19^7—30 BdBt 12J2 33 

AArtaCp Bill —04 UMB Hfl n 933 — .07 sSSIb 1M4 — 32 NwLd? 3477 —33 _ L . t g n ., 1 °-* 1 ~ M fiSdS nnllM Hi jpfjSrrw 9 75 H* LeM"Cw BoSVIBI 2139—04 

AAtoTrAp 93B —01 UMB St n 1645 +.07 strtlncA 734—07 NYlTxnp 1175 — . 15 S2?i hp Ib2 ni Hs jPmSSS ,7S ■“ CnvSecn 1433 — 10 CoBMnBt 1134 — 12 

MtaTBp 938 —01 Votuen 2539 —27 TxExAp 1177 — ,15 NY Tax n 1531 —.16 AurTFrn 1200 —12 tattap |Q4J —05 gmCapG 1733 — M JIMMt n Hr 1172—17 CAMS 934—15 

MIoTrCp 939 _ BaOarttleHkKldsen TtlnsAp 832 —10 NYTEp 1BJ0 — 30 A Mgrn 15J7 — 31 JnTTrp 1155 —37 Voluep 11.9 6 —34 Ba rton >35 —M oe«AAn 837 —02 COpFdBt 2736 — 23 

is 223* +32 WBqn 1U9 +^ FLTXBf 937 —12 PATFp EUl —11 GtobGAplUL— 21 NYtan -10»— £ ; - 
E P 1032 —07 PWVxxEG 1238—02 GIGrBt 937—10 TPIncp 1330 —13 GiOpAp 1231 —05 OHbvn 

1035 —44 NrtnO* GdnBt 1S3< — 35 Wortdp 002—10 GVScAp 1144—07 PAtesn 11.17—12. - 

On 1935—12 Afe 111 JJO . mi 2435 —34 SentryFdn'1435 fJB: ©«»iAp ' 1037 —0* -Mnrti* 1539— IJ- .• 

K 1609 —17 AI«A7 7JB - . HWdBI 1334 — 07 Sequoia n 5486 +. IS 3Srlf “ *S2 £SSf r ' 

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MttIG 10.15—37 Diverson 1334 — 13 usGrA 12, 

MMSAp BM —15 Mimn 1 935 Zj? unMp 1170 +.04 SWnGvn 1131 — 04 Botanc 1145—37 THtacSh P1136 -36 EoGrta ~- aB *ro G***" 1M1 — " QMTB 1 1139—09 lncgqA_ 

MMSBt B38— . 14 Baird Funds: CATEBt 7.42 —39 ST Inc pn 1231 — OJ BtoeCh 2530 +.05 Te4RT5YPlQ31 —35 EqlVd 336 - 5TBundn9.« —02 sJGovtn 9.92 —02 &ngBpl6J4— S UiarneB 

MCAAp 1059—12 Adilnc *34 _ CTTEBI 734 -39 SWnTp 1330 -35 CAOon 0.75—15 _Volue p 1138 — 39 aiiwn n 1152 — g Sn^Con lTS —34 Sdl 439 —08 EliroBt M3S — 35 tatFkl 

MuCA B Pi 039 —12 BiChiop 1831 -38 FedScfit 10 l 9B -37 -mdCWr n 836 -34 CATFn 1110 — 16 PtoV^Onu** K«Bd °^6 “ ^ S ^E qtin 1 3 0 — 35 3,^ 119—08 FwfiecBl *31 — ffl jnITF A 

MuCACpl039 — .12 CopOevp2l43 — (M FLTxBt 7.66—10 USTlnt 1131-37 Cmmn 1739 -35 m TtBdn 1037—14 R-MB I 033 —17 WEoAn 

MuFLCP 936 — 30 BdkrGvn _ FUndBl 838 — 36 USTLnO 1614—14 CotApp 1697 —33 AATECp 1136 —13 IntEqtn 1189—18 GfiMltl 1135—04 widEni 1150—34 FdFTBt 1539—21 LgCoGr 

ICATA 1147 —IB Bankers Tnnt &&B 1231 — 33 USTSin 1533 — 35 Cwdnm nrl032— 37 AZTE p 1038 —.14 NYMun 1031 —14 bene 1031 —06 LMrtyFamRy: FdG»»t 10.11—14 LoQlVd 

MullCAB 1147 — 18 liutAMpt 934 — 32 GwttiBl 14.10—01 Dreyfus Comstock: GUnflrS In 15133 -33 CTTCAp 1033 —13 ST&dn 16M — 01 T«g» ISm Hm AmLdr 1531—12 G4A»t 1334 —37 UVolA 

MINBp 1033—15 InsJEqn 1071 —03 HYMuBl 1031 —07 Ccci/dA 1133 —34 Contra 31.17—18 COTEp 1037 —13 SmCuEqnl236 — » Td Rta 10JP —31 CapGrAnl336 —16 GffidBt 93S— 14 OHMUA 

MuOH CP 9.91 —18 InvImTF 1036 —.11 HY5ec B t 7.03 — 34 CapValB»ll39 — 34 CnvSeCn 1654 —14 FLTEp 1036 —M TEBondnlOJI — .12 Jun e* Fond : EqlncA 0*1132— 09 QCvBt 1134 SmOaGr 

MuNJBp 9.92 — .16 InvInfEq 1174—35 IncameB 663 —33 PSI9A p 930—11 DesTmyl 1732—33 GATEp 10.67—12 Gateway Funds BdaxsdnlUS— M FqincCfXll32 — W GKsSt 1531 — 39 TFBdA 

mSJjCp 9.93— .15 InvUtlln 1DJB -32 inlGrB 1059—11 PlStwOt 9.60—11 Destinyll 7R36 —37 GWRbP 173 —16 GavlOd n 10.13 —37 Eremin 2139 +^ FTiefn 19J7 —22 GfcttBt ~ ' 5 3E22S- 

MNYA 935—13 BaranAstn 21 OS — 36 MATxBt 7.91—08 Dreytos Premier: DisEc 1675 —35 imTE P 1031—11 hKfePln 15.95 —.05 F«tTx& n7.ll —09 FTBft 11.11—35 GrtRBI . 1755 —23 niCarNC 

MuNYBp 935 —13 Barltell Funds: NatResB 11155 —19 CAMunAll24 13 Overtoil n 12.1 2 — 12 KYTEApll.12— 13 SWPWG 1449 —18 Rxlncn f J5 — 05 Hllncfid 1134—37 HeattaBf 337—05 O ie w nN Bn 

MuNYCa —13 BmCVln 1534 —14 NYTx&l 737—08 CTMuA 12J7 — 13 DhK3*hn 12.17 —11 K5TEP 1031 —18 GnSec" 1234 . Fundn >52 —18 WtoSc 1132 —11 WEaflr 1T^ —36 AmfAP 

NMuAp 1052 .14 Fixers n 10JQ — 33 OHTxBt 731 —.10 CotGCi 1633—20 EmoGfi>rl758 — 30 LATE p 10.97—12 GMelGroap: GrMnC 1451—06 US GvfC 0 614—02 GMdB 1332 -—14 CA TE A 

NOMuCp 1053 — 15 Vllldl 1290 —24 SlrtlnBt 754—07 CTMuBI 1236 — M EmrMkt 1839 — 36 LMTEp 1031 — 37 ErteaOT 2936—57 tlKWt 536 —A U5GyS ecA615 —01 U RAmB 11756— IJT CWgYP 

NEurAp 1234 — 54 BascamBul 2237 — .03 TxExBt 1177—15 FLMunA 1538 — 17 Equltne 34.10—50 MITEA P 1 130 — 13 _GtotlFdn_l 67* — 39 M gCUTV 1238 +33 U|Wd 12.19 + ***** * — ‘J* 

NAGvA 9.99—23 BayFundS litslfc TEInsBl 152—10 Gtt>lnvAnl*36 — 38 Edln 1683 —04 MOTEo 10.99—12 GfesmedeFw^B SiTmadn 2.W — 31 . UWFd CI 1117 . WWlBl 1626—12 ^q £« p 

NAGvBp 9.99 —23 ST Yield 936 —02 USCrBt 11.95 —05 GtalnvBt 169S — 08 EokJx 1752 — 35 Ml TE C Pi 176 E<a3lyn 1352 — « Twenn 7437 —08 L*«Tr Ploanck* MNMBI 1039 — 12 going 

NAGvC 9.98 —23 Bandn 10.01—05 USGvBr 649 -32 GnmaA 1A71 -.06 |rCOTApnl<LW-26 NCT^P 1057 —10 jnjGav" ]!Jf* IfiSSiJ vi u HI 18S + n Mrth« t 996 Zm 

PrGrntApl20l — 13 Eaudy ia*4 — .05 UlMBI 1170 + 34 GnmoB I 14 72 — 36 Europe 1936—42 NMTEp 10.14 —12 tain 1353 —39 WrltfN 2534 —58 jn* Mw8 1034 —U MrtJg8f 9.9* —32 «Grp 

PrGftWull 95 — 13 BayFunds Invest: Cohnntaa Funds: MA MunA12.17 — .10 ExdiFd nlOl.10— 52 NYTEp 1692 —12 Munlrdn 16* —10 JoponFd n 122 7 + 36 TFBond 1037—09 AAufc^S ^ 1020 —11 G kta Env^ 

QusrAp 2472—39 STYleldn 9.B6 —02 Balance n 17.94 — .16 MDMunA1333 —12 FklelFtln 1934 — .15 OKTEApJl.66 — .12 SmCnp n 1659 *.« JMnHauoedc: lAGov 9.19—31 MNaSSt 1039 — 10 GtabdAi 

Swp 930 -38 Bondn 1031 -05 CamM n IU4 -19 Ml MunA 15.95 -.15 Fiflv 10^-3? »TCp 645 - .0 MA IBM -33 CATE I 1122 UM 1131 -M HJMBI U2 -W GtabBt 

A 12S— los Psoatodt 1597 —35 AMorOnlAOl —72 I MMunlp 1071 —15 Gdaxy Funds 

n 1450—05 

MUCACP1059 —12 CopOevp 2U3 —34 
MllFLCp 936 —20 BakrGvn 
ICATA 1337 —IB Bankets Trust 

642 —116 

—IS ClnvGdB 117D— 09 { 
—11 CWTB1 1139—09 

KSX d ]J5 

□H8MJA 11.10 

Sff w 

mconco iai2 

ST Mia p 930 — 30 Bondn 1031 —05 ComSlk n 1534 — 19 Ml MunA 15.95 —.15 Fiflv 1077 —09 PA TCP 1035 —.10 OlreetotA J6 M —33 

STMfcl 9.08 —38 Equity n 1694 —05 Fixed n 13.19—39 MN MunA 1537 —IB GNMn 1077 — M TriTEAP 11^ — .j2 Gotaeno c A ORje . 

TecBp 2608 + 32 BeacKB 3058 — 28 Govt 628 —03 MDMuB 1 1333 — 12 GtoBd 1134 —34 utilAP 1057—35 Gddman Sags Fm*n 

WWUKP 139—01 BSEmsDbf 163$ —M Grthn 2698 —1? MuBdBI 11672 — 1* GtoBd n 1120 —25 UA TCAp 167* —12 CapGr 1618—10 

AmSmnh Funds: Benchmark Funds: irrtlGlk n 1335 * .14 MipiiBdA 1677 —16 GvtSee n 1037 — 39 Flex Funds: Gib Inc 145/ —.12 

Balance 1232 — 33 Bdonced xl02A —37 Munin 1250 —11 NCMuA 1351—15 GraCa 2925 — 35 Bandnp 1935 —.0* Grine 15.93+3! 

BorS” 1131 — 35 BondAnx TOO? —.19 Seed n 2023 —08 ncmuSI 1350 — .15 Gratae 2251 — 14 G&man 954 +31 IntlEq 1731—11 

Eaufty 1531 — 35 DIvGrAn 1673 —10 Common Sense: NYMw«A1430 — 15 HIYId 1763 —.15 Grwmnoi335 —.04 MttaH nc 1426—70 

Gvfta 979 - EqldxA nx1037 — 38 Govt 1693 —04 NY MuS 11*31 —14 wMw in !!■?. --Ig _Mulr1d lpn Ml —36 Se® 

UdMct 1655—33 FocGrA ID. 75 —14 Gratae 1600 —06 OHMuA 1327 —10 InfBdn 1656 —.08 Fadanen 1654 —31 SmoCOT 202 6 —10 

RenEq 16.98 —20 ShtOur 1603 Growth 1551—12 OHMuBt 1328 — .09 taterGvfn 9.76 — 33 Farts Pwtds: GaUnen Sorts Imt 

AmanQlnc 1112 — 32 SJBdAnx 2613 — 12 MunB 1182 — 38 PA MunA 1679 —.17 tattGfl n 1601—01 AdAIlP 1470 —15 Adi Gy *.** — 31 

Ambassador Fkt SmColA 1150—34 Compass Capilak PAMuBt 1678 — .18 tavGBn 756 —09 CapApp 2435 —07, GovAg 9.94 —.01 

BatncF 1021—35 USGvA x 1936 —12 Eqiylncaxl257— 15 TXMuA 2131 — .26 Jrwtar' J14S -.50 Capilip 1. JP — 1 7 1 au+TF 1037 —.07 

Bondn 938 — 34 USTMxAlWT* — .18 Fxdlnx 1054 —10 VAMuA 1736 — 21 LalinAm 1I6JO— 1.20 rlducrp 2922 — 24 STGJW 9.9* —.03 

cSSjrt nl’S =36 BiSwT. Group: Growth x 1125 -37 _VAMu Bl 1736 - 7' IMMyn 97S — .P GWQ P 1J * -g GmBMb 

Growth n 1338 —37 AdlGcvn 9.81—01 IntlEq 1371 —37 Dreyfus Strategic LowPrr 17.97 —20 guvTRp Sj 5 —36 1 DvtpBd 917 —M 

CVMA 1215—03 
JndxA 12.19 —04 
■BdAp 938 —05 
£«A 1353 —07 
amefld 977 —07 
ftd 1622—05 
TEA 1699—11 
CaAn 1139 —13 
CoGr 1133—05 

ARSI 7.13 
ARSNA 7.16 

727.. _ 
733 —02 
7.14 —32 

WYWBI 1324—07 Sewtian 5436 +.15 MBncAp 1615—07 SPGoJdr 1 
IncomeBt 739 — 04 Sevan Sens Sertoi: tatEoAp U5« +34 SJMir.J 

tavfit 615—88 Mab-txn 1131—35 WEgBpalME +33 SPSetvr 2 

MATxBt 950—10 S6PMk}n>V.f3 —05 tiflJSA- JZ32 — OS ffftcW l 

MorOB! ' 9J7— 10 SP800n 1058 — M MaBT APM27 — 19 Jg** - \ 

NJTxBt .922— 09 .STOvtn 932—03 Tx&AP 755 —10 USGrpn l 

NwOppBt3677 —27 . YWPtn 1030 - VUmAfUZ —08 MGt \ 

NYTYSt 920 —10 1784 FuadK TMKFMdK ■ WjBtt /B \ 

OTCBt T155 -10 GovMatf 933—31 MrFkn ■ .128— 03 WMHnn 2 
TXExBt- 926—11 Gratacn 1694 — 13 

It 2337 — IE 


MrFkn ■ .128—03 1 

13 zS 

EqtnA 1132—06 
FxdtaA 1644 —06 

BoeNumOULM +30 SffiCpCT 7139 —09 ’ T emrte ic u Orat# RPFCy 175 0 -39 

°CATE rV ll36-^0» S cSEfS - kw— a| CoPAcc f W«Z» MV— 

1135 — « ■ - 
1730—09' . 

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CoroGrt 1735 — 35 Tarl995 n 9445 — .18 LidMat 1668—32 Eaton Vance PacBas 1924 + 23 Forum Funds: 

Grwthf 1337 —00 Tar2«» n 70.10 —51 ComMotoot China P 1534—54 PuritOT 1620 —55 tavBrel 10^8 — 

JntBwjdf 939 — 34 Twaxisn 4696 — 70 Govtk 1670 —11 EVSIk 1234 — 03 Rec8Esln1426 +24 InvSJk 22» +. 

InrtStK t 1335 — 20 TarOOID n 3576 — 61 Garth 1532 —.10 Growth p 618 —35 RetGrn 1823—07 MEBnd 1072 — 

— 08 i'SSaSTfflft —36 1 ArtBI 12.14 —08 I TF HI P 614—0$ ModAdB 927 — JM StrntGrA 1372 —19 TX &nBd n 1 618 

GOGInfl 1138-74 &Sap 1057 ZS TEMJ 539 -37 J^A 9 JO -38 STTGCJrf SIM P^rrWlGrPi* 

-.11 Bondn 12.1$ — .03 f BoIBb 1057 —03 TEWAp 614—37 ModAstC 9 JO —09 USOvlA 7666 —36 AisjtAn Ilw 

Actl A 1220 —07 

nlL18— 84 S»Gyf=rT 9.93 —04 SmBrthGf 1603 . TbwerFUndK RwBncn 1619-^D ‘ 

Iron: SnCadT 1643 —01 SnHnemA _ CopApp- U32 —01 GtabFxdnlLO*^*}; 

165^—07 TE FTT/n 1602 — 12 AoUvA p f 39 — 32 LA Manx 7? 2< -16 taiEqun BUS— «; 

SrfwLiun n tSISisSSt! ® hSnwx 9» M uSkMU 173 m SflTCd n 942 =37 T«&rr 035 =37i POTcAv 2336 =23 BwtoA Ip 1529 Zw V(duAPPpn31-« Rs5«alC 937 — 06 VRG A 936-31 Fxdtan 1022 —05 ThxRTrmoOf — 05 AdWAP 3693 — 72 ToWRetxKHW — 07 WSEqn 1536.— O 

SS£ SSzS MS^ZS fSSmHiJSzg mSZn frffi 6® Z^ " 33ft ^ lira ZS I. USGavt. *90 -33 TCXEXA 55-15 ^nl*13-16 WueTrnloe+JB AUGTAP 27^-35 _US.GVX. 1,050.-09 WQffn. taioZg 

TFtatBdt 1053 —09 TOT2Q20 n 1870 — 53 TaTRet 1459 —.09 MunOd 1634 —.13 STWldn 9.97 — .12 Founders Grauto Start n 2926 — 21 ImrAP 15^ — 06 USGOVT *90 — 33 ~ r r n>fir. rrt. I St+i^ T258 Zm BiSwtavTWt TSarXa Ufl7 — O S iTnxlmmrb ' I rrr nViri- ”4i . rm . 

Amcare Vintage: TNa«en 1636—35 Coptevn 10.17 ,39 STGUt 9.14 —.15 SmoUCao 11.07 —33 Bel no 9.13 -32 ' TaxEx 936 —17 USGvA o 1037 — 35 LUttmm Brtx _ 821—09 PFAMCeFdw • taM n^ 12^ — a (MtarnTTlRH: .AparAP — M j TWoumbi* FmIb. 1. KYAJteknlB^.— M. 

A Equity 'lD54 —33 utaincan 9.65 +34 CuTOFunds: STTsvn 5530 + 33 SE_^Qn 1*27 —27 BlueChp npt72 < USGovt 1673 -.05 .IBGyBt 1036 -M ** 1B - W — M lSS Zw Vd£ea 1?£ Zn 1U5 Zll 7678 — 0f]WoSwUuka W55 — Wr 

Fxlnco 16M—33 BeroerGroUP) BdOTAn 105J —05 SocEqtP B.44 —32 siksc 19.48—08 Qsevp Z171 — 70 mTtnsfcqp lior — iu javbci iiaj — ta rwu iwr-« 1 T'ilVJl ^ tgg m lA w^ Tr 

tatdtTF 1026 —.10 lOOpn 1*94—14 Eqld> 2135—10 TradGvt 1127 — 04 StrOpor 2024 —11 FmtiRP 2821 — 25 HT.VIgFl O 1021 — 33 KSMut 12^—13 toarnfl 67B —06 AeJ5Gyt 9M — 01 DivT-OWnl2.07 ^ P >)G 

AmWAAdwmt IDIOT 1172 -23 GIBdA 9.83—16 TrodlWP 722 -36 Trend n 5836 —64 GovSec 9.73 — 09 ; HonitaCoJo 9.T3 _ KSIMOTU 1251 -.14 JMrt 661—11 ®wtp ShS^ls?^ 3 

Baton n 12J2— 34 SmCoGr 254—31 GrEqAn 1023 -31 TrodTotl o 854 + 35 USBI n 1032 —36 Gnwtanp 12.M — .12 ;Howwr tavFfc .. K mrims ur lSS —03 —04 tofGVP 1 ?^ — » ^t" l« - &*■ 

Equity n 1328 -35 Bemstetn Fds: InlBdAn 9.96 -.04 Eaton V Lid MTV: UTDIncn 1512 -32 Poswrtn 1D50 -7 j BKJGr 1639 -34 Kenwer Funds ****Fuedft "S 5u HI ^ 

inttEqry n 1251 —18 GvShDu n 1250 -32 IntlGrAn 1331 — 75 OHTxFf 1606 — .11 Value n 4168—13 SpedOT 7.84 —07 fTGv 979 —33 ArfiGav 63 —31 Bato«anll7l— « H5 ASidnlofflZS rS? 

LTffTrmn 9.98 —32 SWDurn 1259—02 VdEqBOTl331 — 33 CnTxFl 1638 —10 Wrtdw 1159 —.13 WldwGr P 1622 — 56 . SmCeGr 1050—13 BtaeOiP 1277—14 §merGrn]7M — 12 OHTE 12g — 16 Mp*dini0JE— Cqp 
Amer Capttab IrrtDurn 112B -36 CowenlGr 11.71 -.08 FLTxFl 1643 —11 FldeBty Setecfe Fpuntata Square Fds. j US Pouf ,9. 99 -35 CaBf 7^ -36 ItS ZlO &k 

CmuA 0 1*46 — 35 CaMun 1155 — .10 CowenQp 1234 —01 MATxFt IOJO — 10 Airr >699 —M 8cJOTC«J 9.9| HarterFumls: Dtvtaco 857 — W " Ij-21 Zd? T ?3 Z« a 

Cmsfflp 1655 —34 OlvMunn 1148 — 10 OattWHuian: MfTxFt 9.99—10 AmGcW r 2223 — 33 GoviSecx 9.95 — 10 1 Bend 11.16—06 EfvSvc 1134 —40 Fjtalncn 1170 — 09 Mongta li« — 01 SnjgV 13.73 —03 Bjk 

r^Djn. JOB fiA trvu,«n!lio _1I Act All n 11H _rn Mi«T>Prnn41 (19 Airtnr 9417—38 MldCm HL39 — 33 r CapABS n 1*88 — 14 FLTx 1051 —.12 GTFXtn 1646—13 ManettMC 1274 — 07 UnSflCII 921 - Bit 

CapAnn 1330—12 Vcduen 1154 —02 1 EqGro 1835—111 T«Hn .10*55 +1.14 Gavttncon933 —35 1 Wrdu Peek Green 

Eqlncom 1859 —14 1 • AzMuAp 1130 —15 1 KYMuanMLM — 10 i DMnc 1353 — Jn. 

CpBdBp 738 — W NYMun n 1148 Zll AstAllp 1127 —37 NatTxFrtl058 —39 A utor 2527 —28 MtdCOT 1029 — 33 r COPAPP n1*M —14) FLTx 1051 —.12 ^Fttl lLU —13 12 74 —07 

CorofirtA 07.08 —.04 tattVidn 1*36—11 Equity o 1*32 +31 NJTxFt 1027 —10 Biotochr 27J4 — 27 OudBdx 4,97—111 Growth n 1358 —M , GRrilK 9.09—10 HYSecjn — Drf AMnffiorFUMK 

_ Eura pon 1274 —22 1 SocAwp 2437 . LWTrp 755 — (U GvSeCP 8.14 — 36 AsiAAn 1679 - 

^Fn . TAW— 14 RknooM 1JS3 — M I MgGvApl23I — 03 RrtGv 2S38— <W BoncHctxn 977. 

EqtylncA P5.S5 —35 Equity 1030 — 32 SoEane 1131 — 26 AZTFt 1131 —.18 CrtMour 19.77 —37 AL TF 1150 —71 USGvtD 1028 — Hi NYTF 11.15 —17 SeWtl 021—37 taEOT 2234—15 gp t n 1056-11 »*Wnn 16^—08 JIn?xHx 55&£ p S5S. t - '^1 “ ‘IS 5SS1* ■ 

EalncBt SJ4 — OS Eqtadex 1654 —33 Value ne 11.15—17 AR TxF t 1643 — 14 DtAeror 19.13—22 AZ TF 1125? — .11 ; Value P 2*60 —27 OHTE 9.75 —15 SHVdn 1140—33 Wv6k 970 —08 grtain —77 KYldn f.74 —IS JTNMuCb WQ24— 14 PrTRA 1*00 —39 Gvtacr. • 952— 37 LTBdx 9.92 — W ' 

ExchFd Hie— 121 Fated Inc X 974 -39 VAMun 10.18 —.09 CcflMnr 1036 — .13 OevCamrl956 — 13 Saltav 2231 —.18 •. V7I TxF 102 3 —S3 RSirei UJBT — M Sl<FVInl77I — 34 g^TFT VM —77 WYM j6W — ^ 9.71 —34 Merfenn Wiplienn <33Ap l*a u&££ ~ ee If 04 — ^ 

FdMBAP 1223 — .02 STFlxlnc x 9.B2 — 35 CuFa Adi n 1031 — 31 COTuFt 1059—18 BeUtllr 11-52 -32 CAHYBd _ , Mercutet Food: ReOre2 —.12 StoHn H! JSSHSuAm }$* —• ’I* '§25?^ Jo'S Hn -'wSSa-' ffiCEEf- “'SS'HS '55i TEx 1 J 53; H2 ’ - 

FMgBP 1224 —02 SCMuni 11.07—11 CuFdSTn 938 —04 CT TxF t 1054 —14 Electrr 1753+20 Colins 1228 —11: EuroVI 1615—20 Reliral 1670—12 
GtEqAp 1136 —07 Btancbard Funds: Cutler Trust ‘ Eatat 11.12—31 Eneryyr 1*72—26 CA In term 10 60 —.12 ! LAmrVtf 1231 — .94 Retired 950—11 

Refire3 1670—12 VdUren 1J5S — 06 MordrGidp 1131 — 30 LTUSGn 1026 —11 1 biHDton 1821 —28 EmGrp 19.15 — 10 I WWPAp 172—31 f HlYldt ’ 

MantaS p 1723— 01 memodto 

WSdcn 1251 —13 VatPtus 1453 +.11 

027 —33 t BaOm/tn 1652 
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Page 14 


51 ON DAY 


Cal’s Title Shot Fades With OT Loss to USC 

The Auoiwted Press 

Southern Cal’S overtime victory 

^,^ i L Calirornia Probably 
^ l D the Golden fears a chance at 
“*‘*>10 championship. 

But Coach Todd Bozeman does 
nonhink it's ihe end of the world. 
‘ he loss won’t k ill our season 

COLLEGE basketball 

we're playing for a bigger 
picture, a bigger prize." Bozeman 
said, looking toward the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association 
tournament. “We're just going to 
use it as a learning experience. The 
loss shouldn’t ruin our season.” 

Burt Harris hit a 3-pointer as 
regulation rime expired to tie the 
game and the Trojans scored 10 
straight points late in OT to earn 
the 86-78 victory in Los Angeles. 

The Trojans, who had lost nine 
of their previous 1 1 games, trailed 
by as many as 15 points in the 
second half before coming back. 
The victory prevented Cal from 
keeping pace with No.*) Arizona 
and No. 15 UCLA in the Pac-10. 

Cal (19-6. I(M Pac-10) led 55-41 
when Tremayne Anchrum made a 
three-point play with seven min- 

utes left in the second half. The 
play triggered a 1 0-0 Southern Cal 
run in a span of 1:57 to draw the 
Trojans within four points. 

Cal's Jason Kidd made six free 
throws without a miss in the final 
1:04 to keep the Golden Bears 
ahead. The last two came with 8.5 
seconds remaining, giving Cal a 69- 
66 lead. 

Harris, who made a career-high 
six 3-point shots and scored a ca- 
reer-high 23 points, then dribbled 
the ball downcourt and unloaded 
from about 30 feet to tie the game 
at 69-69 and force the overtime. 

A 3-point shot by Anwar 
McQueen with 2:43 left in ovenime 
put Cal ahead 75-74, but the Tro- 
jans <13-11. 6-9) scored the next 10 
points to clinch the victory. 

No. 1 Arkansas 91, Aobnm 81: In 
Fayetteville. Arkansas. Corey Beck 
and Clint McDaniel each made two 
free throws down the stretch os 
Arkansas won its 10th straight. 

Arkansas (22-2, 12-2 Southeast- 
ern Conference) led by as many as 
15 early in the second half, but 
Lance Weems’s 3- pointer cut it to 
83-77 with 2: 19 to play. The Tigers 
(10-14, 3-11) bad a chance to get 

closer but Wesley Person's baseline 
jumper was short. 

No. 4 N. Carolina 78, Florida St. 
75: The Tar Heels’ front court 
made all 23 of its baskets, including 
Rasheed Wallace’s 15-footer with 
1:23 left that helped secure the vie- 
toty over pesky Florida State (12- 
13, 5-10) in Chapel Hill, North 
Carolina. North Carolina (23-5. 10- 
4 Atlantic Coast Conference) 
moved within one-half game of 
No. 2 Duke in the race for the 
league's top seed with one week left 
in the regular season. The two meet 
in Durham next weekend. 

No. 5 Connecticut 78, Pittsburgh 
66: Connecticut (24-3, 14-2) used 
balanced scoring to beat visiting 
Pittsburgh (13-12, 7-10] and clinch 
its first Big East regular-season title. 

No. 6 Missouri 99, Oklahoma 83: 
Reserve Mark Atkins tied his own 
school record with seven 3-pointers 
as Missouri (22-2. 12-0) d inched the 
Big Eighi title at home. Oklahoma 
(14-10, 5-7) lost its third straight. 

No. 9 Arizona 75, Oregon 71: 
Damon Stoudamire scored 2t 
points, including the go-ahead bas- 
ket with 45 seconds to play, as visit- 
ing Arizona (23-4. 12-3) survived a 
scare by the Ducks (9-14, 5-9). 

No. 10 Kansas 106, Colorado 62: 
Richard Scot; returned to his pre- 
injury form with l&points and Kan- 
sas (22 -6. 7-5 Big Eight) set a school 
record with 72 rebounds against vis- 
iting Colorado (10-14, 2-10)7 
No. 13 Louisville 85, Notre 
Dame 82: Freshman DeJuan 
Wheat hit Tour straight free throws 
in the final 25 seconds of regula- 
tion, then came up with two steals 
m the dosing seconds of OT as 
Louisville (22-4) stopped the Irish 
(10-17) in South Bend, Indiana. 

No. 14 Punhw 71, Penn St 66: 
Glenn Robinson scored nine con- 
secutive points with the gome on 
the line and finished with 30 to help 
Purdue (23-4, 1 1-4 Big Ten) beat 
visiting Peon Slate (11-12, 4-10). 

No. 15 UCLA 103, Stanford 88; 
In Los Angeles, Ed O'Barunon had 
28 points and 19 rebounds as UCLA 
(19-4. 12-3 Pao-10) cruised past 
Stanford (14-9. 7-7) to remain tied 
for first in the Pac-10 with Arizona. 

Vanderinh 82, N& 16 Florida 78: 
Billy McCaffrey scored 31 points, 
inducting two free throws with nine 
seconds left, as Vanderbilt (14-10. 
7-7 SEC) upset visiting Florida (22- 
5. 11-3). 

No. 19 St. Louis 71, Memptts St. 
66: Erwin Gaggett and H Wald- 
man scored IS points each and 
both made four 3-pointers to lead 
the Btilikens (22-3. 8-3 Great Mid- 
west) past their host Memphis 
State (10-14, 4-7). 

Georgetown 78, No. 21 Boston 
College 68: The Hoyas (16-7. 10-5 
Big East) gave John Thompson his 1 
500th victory as Georgetown’s 
coach, stopping BC(t9-8, 10-6) in 
Landover, Maryland. Thompson is 
500-185 in 22 seasons, including 
the 1984 national championship. 

No. 23 Gewgfe Tech 81, N.C. St 
68; The Yellow Jackets (15-0, 6-8 
ACO broke the game open with a 
12-0 second-half nut and went on 
to a comfortable victory over N.C. 
Slate (10- 16. 4-10) in Atlanta. 

No. 24 Oklahoma St. 83, Iowa St 
81: Bryant Reeves sewed a career- 
high 35 points, and Brooks Thomp- 
son scored Oklahoma State's final 
eight points, including a follow 
shot with four seconds left, as the 
visiting Cowboys (20-7, 9-3 Big 
Eight) withstood a rally by Iowa 
Slate (13-1 1,3-9). 

Elects RizsuW 

The .Associated Press 

TAMPA, Florida — Leo 
Durocher and Phil Rizzuto, 
overlooked by baseball’s Hall 
of Fame for decades, finally 
were elected for induction to 
Cooperstcwn by a reconstitut- 
ed veterans committee. 

Durocher, the manager 
known as “The Lip.” died in 
1991. Rizzuto was a five-time 
All-Star known as the “Scoot- 
er” when be played shortstop 
for the New York Yankees in 
the 1940s and 1950s. 

Rizzuto, 76, hit .273 in \3 
seasons with 38 hornets and 
562 RBIs. and was elected the 
AL's 1950 MVP. He played 
with 10 pennant winners and 
eight World Series champs. 
Durocher was a teammate of 
Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig 
when he broke into the majors 
with the Yankees in 1925. 

Durocher led three pennant 
wmneis: the 1941 Dodgers 
and the 1951 and '54 Giants. 


Jersey Joe Walcott, Boxer, Dies at 80 

: r .-: 'CAMDEN; New Jersey (NYT) — Jersey Joe Walcott 80. theson of 
poor immigrants from Barbados who slugged bis way out of poverty and 
into the record books as the oldest fighter to win the world heavyweight 
boxing championship, died Friday. . 

On July 18, 1951, Walcott, 37, knocked out Ezzard Charles — an 

un juiy to, mat, waicott, si, sbockcu uoi l^u**** — 

opponent who had already beaten Walcott twice —in the seventh round 
in Forfjea Field- in PLtteburgh to win the title. 

Chinese Swimmer Banned for Drags 

ISTANBUL (AP) —The International Swimnnng Federation banned 

.the Chinese swimmer Zheng Wdyue from international competition for 
two years and invalidated her 50-meter and 100 - meter butterfly world 
recoins after she. failed a drag test. 

fTNA awl Saturday that Thong had tested positive at the World Cup 
meet in Beijing last month when she set the world records. 

For ihe Record 

Rattmpol Sot Vbtqn of ThaBand retained his JBF minifiyweight 
. title with a unanimous decision over Ronnie Magramo of the Philippines 
in Pi chit, Thailand. ( Ratio's) 

1%J Bran kept the WBC super-middleweight title with a unanimous 
decision over bis fellow Briton Henry Wharton in London. (Reuters) 
Steve Little of the United States, who had not fought for 13 months, 
stunned his compatriot Michael Nunn, winning the WBA super- middle- 
weight title on a split points decision in London. (Reuters) 

Jorge Solan of Argentina has been hired to coach Saudi Arabia’s 
Worid Cup-bound soccer team, (AP) 

Derrick Coleman signed a $30 motion, fonr-year contract with the New 
Jersey Nets, making him the highest-paid player in the National Basket- 
ball Association. (AP) 

?.v , ^nTr. 

NBA Standings 

Atlantic DhrbhM 

W L 



New York 

36 18 




32 20 




29 25 



New Jersey 

27 26 




20 34 




20 35 




16 39 

Central Division 




38 16 




37 17 




31 34 




28 25 




23 29 




16 39 




13 41 



Midwest DMUoa 

W L 




38 14 



San Antonio 

40 16 




37 19 




27 27 




15 37 




8 47 

pacific Division 




38 14 




35 17 




33 21 



Golden State 

31 22 



LA Lakers 

19 33 




19 35 



LA Clippers 

IB 34 




Miami 33 32 31 39—115 

PintadelaMa n iy if 18—04 

M: Rice 9-16 4-4 25, Smith 6-16 SO 21. P: 
Weatherman EMU 5-6 22. Barras 6-1! 2-3 IS. 
Rebounds— Miami 4V (Srikaty 11). PtiltaaeF 
ohlo 47 ( Wealhersaaan 12). Assist*— Miami 36 
(Shaw 101, Philadelphia 17 ( Barra 6). 
CMam 31 32 30 31—116 

Washington 24 27 3* 23— 94 

C: Grant 13-15 2-2 2A Armstrong 9-14 M 2a 
W: MacLean B-l5 4-4 3a Ellison 6-10 >4 15. 
Rebound*— Qitcaoo 42 (Grant 13), washlng- 
tan4i (MacLean 6). Assists— Qita*o36(Pti»- 
pen, Kukoc 61. Washington 24 (Adams 41- 
Haw Jersey » 21 28 35-102 

Orlando 24 22 33 35—114 

NJ-: Coleman 9-18 4-5 2ft K. Anderson 12-29 

6-931 0: 5cott9-14(Hl 23, O’Neal 9-34 W 71. N. 
Andarson 10-18 5-7 28, Hardaway 7-14 7-9 21. 
Rebou n ds— New Jersey 51 ( Beniamin 131. Or- 
Jando 63 (O'Neal 15J. Assists— New Jersey 35 
(iCAndenan 121. Orknwo 30 (Hardaway 10). 
Milwaukee Id 24 28 28— IS* 

Atlanta 35 17 22 37—111 

M: Norman 10-70 1-1 22. Murdock B- 13 4-4 22. 
Stroma 6-10 3-3 15. A: Ferrell 7-146-7 2D, WllltS 9- 
17 3-6 21. Blaylock 8-14 6-8 24. Rebounds— 
Milwaukee 46 (Norman 9), Aftado 50 (Willis 
iJt. Assists— Milwaukee 26 (Murdock 11). At- 
lanta 25 (Blaylock 10). 

Golden State 21 26 27 23— 97 

Cleveland 31 21 34 31— 107 

G: Webber 9-li ft* 14 Snrqwell B-21 1-1 IB. 
Mullln 6-1554 17.C : PnHIs 12-3J 3-5 2A HIII9-140-5 
21. Rebounds— Golden Slate 51 IWetber 11), 
Cleveland 57 (Hill 17). Assiits-Goiden Stole 21 
i Webber, Jonnson SI. Cleveland 29 (Price 13). 

Detroit 36 12 26 26—90 

Indiana 34 35 21 25-118 

D: Dumars 7-112-3 1ft Thomas 12-2454 29. t: 
Smlts 11-17 34 25. FlembiB 6-7 6-7 16- Re- 
boands— Oetruit 54 (Andaman 10), Indiana 67 
(Smlts 111. Assists— Detroit 19 (Hunter 5). In- 
diana 31 (Me Kev 5, Miller 5. Fiemina 51. 
New York 26 2S 34 21— M 

Denver 36 21 38 27-103 

N.Y.: E wins M-21 7-8 a&Stnrks 6-141-2 15. 0: 
Ellis 5-11 6-18 19. Abdul- Rout 10-18 7-7 2R Re- 
bounds— New York 45 (Oaklev 12), Denver 39 
(Mutombo 12). Assists— New York 26 I Antho- 
ny 11). Denver 20 (Abdul- Rauf 8). 

Phoenix 20 29 16 25— D 

Utah 36 35 U 17— IB 

P: Bark lev 8-164-4 21, Green 7-12 6-6 20. U: 
Benott 7-15 2-z ILK. Malone M4 4-418. Humph- 
ries 11-28 0-0 23. Stockton 8-13 2-3 1ft Re- 
bo u ed s P ho en ls 49 (Miller 131. Utah to 
(Spencer 16). Assists— PhoerHx zi < Jotawxi 
B). Utah 24 (Stockton 13). 

Boston 21 26 28 27— IK 

Seattle 39 31 D 38-115 

B: Fax 7-19 1-2 17. McDaniel 7-12 7-10 21. S: 
Kemp 8-137-0 2ft 5chrwn of 5-1113- 15 2ft GUI 11- 
203025, Payton 9-152420: Rebounds— Boston 
65 (Fox. McDaniel 9). Seattle 45 (Kmh 131. 
Assists— Boston 21 (Douglas I). Seattle 27 
(Askew 7). 

Sacramento 31 27 33 20-111 

LA dinners 36 38 so 25—131 

S: Richmond 13-25 3-3 37, Webb 7-1B 22 18. 
LA. Spencer 11-15 6-9 28. Ellis 8-13 10-12 26. 
Rebounds— Saw amenta 55 lPaiYnlce201. Las 
Angelas 99 (Snencer 14). AsNsts— Soeroman- 
to 24 (Webb 9). Las Angeles 2B (Hamer 8). 
San Antonio II 31 31 29— Ut 

LA Lakers 22 23 3a 35— lit 

S: Robinson 18-16 M 26. Anderson 14-1844 
33. Dei N egro 10-14 4-4 24. LA. DhrOC 9-173-5 21, 
Van Exel 7-20 2-2 18. Rebounds— San Antonio 
52 (Rodman 18). Las Angeles 46 (Dtvoc 10). 
Assist* — San Antonio 34 ( RoblnsonB), Lb4An- 
getes 31 IThreatt 9). 

AUanta 32 39 24 IS— IW 

PMtadeMta 21 32 25 24— 181 

A: Ferrell 8-145A 21. Augmon 7-856 17. P: 
Weatfwrspoon 1 0-175-9 25, Barros 8-14 S-5 2ft J. 
Malone 9-14 22 20- Rebounds— Atlanta 50 
(Aogmon t). pnitadelPhlo 43 (Waathersnoon 
12). Assists— Arkeita 38 (Blaytock 9), Ptilte- 
detotila 27 (Leckner 61. 

Dados 31 19 19 30- 99 

□erotand II 33 33 27— ill 

D: Mashbum 11-191-1 25. While 7-12NT7.C: 
PMUs 5856 IS, Hill M3 1 0-1224, MlllsVBAJ 15. 
Rebound*— O oIVjs 47 (LWllllams It), Cleve- 
land 44 (Hill 12). Assists— Dallas 26 (Jackson 
6). Cleveland 29 (Price 11). 

Miami 34 26 11 15-MS 

Detroit 27 28 25 20-Mi 

M: Long 6-12 6-9 18. Smith 8-1 980 1& Shaw 7- 
1B 0016. D: Mills M4 2-3 16. Thomas 11-20 2-2 
24. Rebounds— Mtaml 70 (5e4ko tv 15), Detroit 
57 (NUIIS 12). Assists— MlomJ 21 (SeDtaW. 
Shaw 4). Detroit Z7 (Thomas 6). 

Indiana 27 20 27 35-96 

CM caao II 15 54 39-06 

I; Smlts 7-14 56 19, Miller 7-12 66 71. C: 
P1peen5-M 56 15, Grant 6-136-2 12. Armstrong 6- 
13 3-3 15, Kukac 5-10 2-4 12. Rebounds— 4 ndtana 
(Sadis Ml.Chtoaao 53 (Grant 151. Assists— 
Indiana 27 [Workman 7). Chiaoo 71 (Ptepen6). 
Utah 16 27 36 36—91 

Houston 31 24 35 15-85 

U: Benott 5-11 2-2 IX Malone 9-17 1191528- H; 
Thame 5-12 60 lb Ololuwon 9-22 56 2ft Re- 

bc ands u tu l i 59 (Malone 12). Houston 46 
(Thorpe, Ololiiwan 9). Assist* — Utah 23 
(Stockton 18), Houston 19 (Maxwell, Smith 5). 
Washington 27 25 23 26-HO 

Milwaukee 38 28 25 35-115 

W: GuaUatta 9-21 56 22. MacLean IV 15 8-10 
2R Boiler 9.12 44 2L M: Edwards 8-17 5-7 21, 
Baker 8-11 5-9 ZL Murdock 7-12 30 IS. Re- 
bo und* Washington 52 (GuglMto 14), NUV 
waukee 46 (Baker 10). Assisfs— Wotfiinstan 
17 (Gugllatta 6). Milwaukee 30 (Murdock 8). 
San Anted la 36 21 27 15— 96 

Porttaod 26 23 11 56—104 

S: □. Robinson 11-25 10-12 32. Anderson 7-12 
50 19.P; C. Robinson 1V17242L Drax ter 1201 
54 33. R Ubn u dds- S an Antonio 41 (Rodman 
18). Portland 47 (Williams 10). Assists— San 
Antonio )6 (D. Robinson 6). Portland 19 

Major College Scores 


Can! si us 76, palrftotd 72 
Drexel 81. New Hampshire <3 
Harvard 70, CoktmMa 68 
Iona 74, Niagara 65 
Maine 83, Delaware 82, OT 
Penn 87, Yale 63 
Princeton 74, Brown 51 


Boise St 66. Montana 60 
Idaho SL 91 Montano SI. 68 
Pepperdlne 88. SL MarYft Cal. 65 
Santo Clara 98, Loyola Marymount 58 

Army 79, Lotavrtte 57 
Butler 87, La Salle 68 
Cent. Connecticut SL 81 Delaware St. 81 
Colgate BA Lehigh 82 
Connecticut 78. Pittsburgh 66 
Cornea 62. Harvard 60 
Dartmouth 64. Columbia 52 
Fainoigti Dickinson 72, m. Sf. Mary*. M&66 
Geor u ut u w n 78. Boston College 68 
Ha rt ford 76, N u rlt i e tn tem 61 
Holy Crass 85, Buduidl 76 
Lang Island U. 19. SL Fronds, NY 77 
Mar 1st a Rider 59 
Monmouth. NLi- 76, SI. Fronds. Pa. 72 
Navy 73, Fartitam 41 
Penn 70. Brown 43 
Princeton 7ft Vale 49 
Seton Hall 70. VH Ionova 59 
St. Banavenhire 73, Rhode Island 71 
St. Joseph's 82. Duauesne 61 
Vermont 82. Baton U. 65 
Wanner 551 Robert Morris 51 
West Virginia 95. Rutgers 85 

Alabama Bft Mississippi 63 
BetnuneGooIttnan 9ft Ptorkta MM W 
Campbell 74. Coastal Carolina 68 
Cent. Florida 84 SE Louisiana 72 
Chrtstn Southern 97. K.C. -Greensboro 9ft OT 
□einian 7ft JWarvland 67 
CdL of Charleston 7ft Georgia SI. 71 
Copotn SI. 80. MCL-E. Shore TV 
Davidson V. Marshall 68 
E. Te nn essee St. 101, Ann a iactHa n St. 86 
Fla. I nt el i in u n ol 9ft Mercer 71 
Furman 67. VMI 64 
George Mason 98. American U. 81 
Georgia Southern 87, W. Carolina 78 
Georgia Tech 81, N. Carolina St. 69 
Jackson SL Bft Alabama si. 74 

James Madison 8ft Richmond 78 
Liberty 71 Radioed 73 
McNeese SL 61 Stephen F Austin 56 
Middle Tern. 74, Marchcn) St. 65 
Miss. Valiev St. 7ft Grambtlng St. 61 
Mlsalmlnnl 9L 8ft L5U 66 
Morgan St. Ift S. Carolina SL 79 
Murray St. 9ft Austin Peay 85 
N.CrWi bn kintai Bft East Carolina » 

NE Louisiana Bft NW LotAskna 80 
NtchoU* St. 79. Sam Houston St. 67 
North Carolina 7ft Florida SL 75 
Old Dominion H wilHam 8 Mary 7D 
Provktonco 8ft Mtanri 40 
SW Louisiana 91, Lnublana Tech 5T 
South Alabama 77. Jacksonville 66 
South Carolina 71 Tenn ess ee 64 
Southern miss. 6ft South Florida 67 
Southern U. 10ft Alcorn St. 99 
St. Louts 71, Memnhl s SL 66 
Stetson 77, Centenary 67 
TemnMortla 102. SE Missouri 87 
Tennessee Tech 9ft E. Kentucky 75 
Tn.-Chottanoogo 8ft Citadel 65 
Towson St. 7ft KLG-Ashevflle 70 
Tutane 9ft Va. Commonweal hi 75 
Vanderbilt Bft Florida 78 
Virginia Todi ift N.C Chartotto 55 
w. Kentucky 61, Now Orleans 52 
Wake Forest 61 Virginia 45 
winthran 7ft Md.-Batrimetg County 72 

Bawling Green 7ft Akron 60 
Bradley 6ft N. Iowa 54 
agenaa St. 69. Hofstra 68 
ahctanatl 93, Dayton 54 
Detroit Merer 7ft Loyola, II). 64 
E. Illinois 77, W. Illinois 70 
E. Mich kxxi 7ft Cent MtcMgai 60 
IIL-Chlcoaa 8ft Youngstown Sf. 82 
Kansas 186. Colorado a 
Louisville Bft Notre Dame Bft OT 
MtamL Ohio 77, Ball St. 64 
Michigan St. 73. Ohio SL 60 
Missouri 99. Okkdwma 83 
N. Illinois 77. Wta-Mlhmxikoc 52 
Nebraska 86. Kam St. 77 
N orthwestern Ift Iowa 74 
OkMxxna 5t Bft lowa SL 81 
Purdue 71, Penn St. 66 - 

SW Missouri SL 6ft Drake 52 
Valparaiso Bft Cleveland SL 76 
W. Michigan 69, Kent 65 
Wtchtta St. 6A Indiana SL 54 
WR -Green ear 80. Wright SL 46 
Xavier, Ohio 7ft Evansville 66 

AJr Force 7ft Texus-El Paso 66 

Arkansas 91, Auburn 81 

Lamar 77, Texas-Pmi American 67 

SW Texas SL 8ft North Texas Bft OT 

Texas Bft Houston 70 

Texas Christian V. Oral Roberts 84 

Texas Southern ITT. Prairie Wew B2 

Texas Tech 76, RJce 63 

Texos-San Antonio 9ft TexasArHngton 91 

Tuha 7ft CreWitan 62 

Arizona 7ft Oregon 71 
Arizona St. 80. Oregon st. m 
B oise SL 9ft Montana St. 69 
Brigham Young 7ft Utah n 
Colorado St. 61. Hawaii 76 
Idaho St. 91, Montana 77 
N. Arizona 81, E. W ashtau t un 72 
New Mexico 8ft Fresno St. a 
Pepperdlne 6ft Santa Ctaro 52 
ft Utah si, Sacramento St. 63 
San Diego Bft Ganxaga 73 

San FrandKo 10ft Portland 96 
San Jose SL M, Nevada B3 
Southern Cal Bft canfomla 7ft OT 
S). Mary's, COL Bft Loyola Marymount 68 
UC Irvine 9ft New Mexico St. 17 
UCLA 10ft Stanford SB 
UNLV 7ft Lang Orach SL 78 
Utah SI. Bft Pacific 79, OT 
Washington St. 7ft Washington 51 
Weber st 81, Idaho a 
Wyoming Bft San Diego SL 70 

Old DornMoa Attache Caaferanai 

Roanoke 103. Emory ft Henry 83 


NHL Standings 

Atlantic Dtvhiag 



T Pts OF QA 

NY Rmars 




82 217 162 

New Jersey 




73 218 189 





66 197 184 





62 223 239 





69 172 171 

ny islanders 




56 282 195 

Tamaa Bay 




54 166 IBS 

Northeast Dhrlskn 





73 206 175 





74 211 118 





72 222 220 





89 211 171 





53 198 210 





49 178 211 





28 156 290 

Central OMstoe 



T Pts GP GA 





79 272 211 





77 209 179 





76 223 196 

St. Louis 




72 206 20! 





65 189 173 





41 187 266 

Padflc Dtvbton . 






74 233 197 





63 205 199 

San Jose 




55 175 209 





S3 180 t97 

Las Angelas 




58 224 244 

E<k nun tun 




42 193 237 


Chicago 1 2 6-3 

Buffalo I 1 0-1 

First Period: C-Roenlck 33 (Murphy, Gou- 
let). Second Period: C-R. Sutter 9 (Nanai, 
Kuoera); C-R. Sutter 10 ( Noonan awflao); B- 
Suttai 3 (Modfkiy, Khmvfcvl. Shell an gout: C 
(on Hosek) 57-5— TftB (on Balfour) W-1 l-io-dl. 
PHtadeipbia 8 8 8-4 

N.Y. Islanders 1 1 8-4 

First Period: N.Y.-Lochance 3 (Hague, 
Kurvera). Second Period: N.YXTurgeon 22 
(KIne). Shots on goal: P (on Hextall) 9-7* 

7—23. N.Y. fon Roussel I 17-180—39. 

Boston 2 4 1—7 

VTIfUlpflo 3 0 3 fl 

First Period: W -Steen 16 (Leblanc, Romen- 
hik)i w-oraShannan 11 (Zhamnov, King): B- 
Weslev 8 (Bauraue, Juneau): (pp). W-Zham- 
nov20 (Tkoettuk, Emerson): (ppl. B-Neelv 43 
(OatoftStonwtO.Sgnad Period: B-Murray 9 
(Roberto, StufflPeO; B-Smollnikl2a (Juneau, 
Reid); B-Smollinkl 21 (Donato, Bouroue). 

(pc). B-SweenevftTUrd period: lW-McSean 
2 (Zhamnov); (pp). lW-6AcBean 3 (Zham- 
nov).-. (pp). IB-Naely 44 (Wesley. Kvartol- 
nov); (pp)- iW-Zb omn ov 2D (Emerson, 
Steen). Shots an goat: B (an owefll, Eesenoo I 

8- 14-6—39. W (an Mendeou) 7-13-16—36. 

Las Angeles l 2 2 8-8 

Edmonton 1 I 3 e—6 

FVtl period: LJL-Paek 1 (Crowe, . Con- 
ocher); E-Grteve 2 (Otousson, Wright). 
(pp)aecend Period: E-McAnnnand4 (WMtoy 
Thornton] ; LA-Robttaiiie 34 (Grace. Lang); 
UkrORUcv 31 (Kurrl). (Ni).Ttard Period: 
E-Stopleton 9 (Arnett); UL-RoMtoHie 35 
(Bloke); LA-Kurri 27XNi)E-Grtove 3 
(Wright); 1 E-Grteve 4 (Beers, Kravchuk), 
(pp). Shots on goal: i_A. (ao-Ranford) 18-15- 
16-4— S3. E (on Stoober) 9-18-15-1—85. 

New Jersey 8 18 8-1 

Hartford '8818-1 

Second Period: NJ.-Omfce 14 (Richer). 
Third Period: H -Wytonde r n (Pram za- 
tapskl). (pp). Shots an goal: n j. (an Burke) 9- 

9- 14-4—36. H (on Terror!) 10-11-82—31. 

StoJOM 8 8 0-8 

DetraH ( 1 I — > 

Second Period: D-Lktotram f (Coffey, 
Drake). (pp).TWrd Period: D-OccunriH v> 
(Drake, Primenu}. Shots op goal: SJ. (an . 
Onoed) 5-5-13-22. D (on irbe) n -18-10-39. 
Buffalo 1 2 8-8 

Pt l to h ora h D 1 3—4 

First Parted: B-Harman 4 (Presley). 
IshlJecond Period: B-Waodlft p-temleux 5 
(U. Samurisson, Frtmcto); B- Presley 12 
(Maflarl. Ttdrd Period: P-Murahy 15 (McEa- 
chem, Straka); P-Jaor 24 [Frandfc U. Sa- 
muetoNM). P-Jagr Ky Shots an goal: B (an 
Barra sso] 6-7-15— 28. P (on Fuhrl 13-16-13— 42. 
Florida • 2 8-2. 

WasUmtaa 112-4 

Second period: W- Johansson 5 (Burridm 
KanowatchuiO; (pp). FMeHanby23 (Murphy); 
W-RkSev 2B dafrathCoto}; (pp). FKudetaM & 
(Bame*. F U zge roM ). Ttdrd Period: W-lo hu le 
9 (MB tor, Phranka); W-MIUer 7 (Krygler. Pt- 
vonka). (en).Siietsoagonl: F (an Beaupra) 85- 
7—20. W (on Fitzpatrick) 9-1MO-3L 
A P ritol m 2 4 8-6 

Qteebec 21 0-8 

First Period: AOoilaa 8 (Perner, Von Al- 
ton); 0 - 5 otter in (Stodln, Kamensky); (pp). 
ArLsbeau 10 (Yota, S weeney); Q-Sunrihi 34 
(Slodbv Komenskv). Second Period: O-Sun- 
dln 25 (Butcher. Sutter); ArFenier 3 (Seme- 
nov); A-VBlk 12 (McSweetv Corkum); Ar 
Houldrr I] (Lebaau, Williams); A -Sacco 11 
(Vcm Alton). Shots on geal: A (an FlseL Clou- 
tier) 9-134 -CBl q (an Hebert) Tl-186-Gft 
SL Laois 4 4 3-11 

Ottawa 18 8-1 

First Period: SL-Sbaniian 37 (Miner, 
Hall); SL-Shanahan 38 (Brawn); (eh)SL- 
Mantgomerr 6 (Mackev); O-Ouvydov 5 (Yo- 
shlrv Turgeon); SL-prokhorov 9 (Duchesne, 
Shanahan). CopJ-Soccnd Period: SL-Mltler v 
(HulL Korolev); SL-Hrfcac 5 (Mackey, 
ZomboJ; 5L -Boron 9 (Shanahan, Heilcan); 
5L-Prakhorov 10 (Karamnav).Tbinl Parted : 
ISL-Kmamnov 8 (Kcndev, Prokhorov) ;1SL- 
Brown 12 (Kararanav). (pp). lSL-dhanahan 
39. shots on goal; SL. (an BUIbwtan. Made- 
ley) 19-18-11-01 O Tan Joseph) 90-15-81 
Montreal 3 8 8-8 

Toronto • 0 8-0 

First Period: M-Okme 16 (OgstanEns, 
Keane); (pp). M-Multor 17 (Bel laws, 
Schneider] ; (pp). M-Mallor 18 (Keane). (Ni). 

Shots on goal: M (an Potvin) 120-8— 24. T (an 
Ray) 18-210—39. 

Los Angeles 18 1-2 

Calgary I 2 1-4 

' FM Parted; C-TItov 22 (ReldM. Won); 
LJL43tntzky 32 (Houda). Second Period: C- 
Fleurv 26 (Roberts. Ratohel). C-Maclanta 
2ftTUrd p o rt ed: LA.-oruce6 (Lang); C-Aef- 
Chel 33 (Roberts, Yawnev). (pp). Shots on 
goal: LA. (on Vernon) 83-7—16. C (an Hru- 
dev) 1820-10-48. 

Tampa BAT 18 8—1 

Vanco u ver 8 8 3-3 

First Period : T-OiMolo 5 ( Reekie, Tucker I . 
Third Period: v-Remrira 18 iMurzyn); V- 
Lumme W (Bun. Craven); (sMV-Undan 28 
(RmdnaOwInoH). (en).Shebepgeol: T (an 
McLemt) 13-TO6 — 29. V (an Young) 987—19. 
N.Y. dan g er s . i 8 8—1 

Did las 1 1 1—5 

First Period: D-Geoner 21 (CourtnalU; 
Ipp). N.Y.-Leelch 14 (Zubov, Messier). 
(bP)JecoM Period: D- Hatcher to (Gconer. 
N. Bniten). Third Period: D-P. Bruton ID (Ca- 
van lnl). Shots on goal: N.Y. (on Moogl 18U- 
13—86. D ion RkMer, Mealy) 1307-29. 


Catombhi ft South Korea 2 

FC Twento Enschede 1, GAE Deventer 1 
FC Utredd ft MW iwxhJtIcM 0 
All other matches pad. due to bod weather. 

Arsenal 1, Blackburn 0 
Liverpool 1, Coventry 8 
Manche s ter CDy ft Swindon > 

Newcastle vs. Ipswich, nxL 
Norwich 1. Sheffield Wednesd a y 1 
Shett. Untied vs. Queens Part: Ranger* pod. 
Southampton 1. Wmtileonn 8 
West Ham ft Manrtwster United 2 


LMto 1, Bordeaux l 
Marlloues I, Lens-2 
Stnwboura Z SL Etienne 0 
Montpellier ft Toutaase 1 
Lvon ft Cannes 2 
Coen ft Nantes 0 
Metz ft MamUte 8 
Sachoax 4. Le Havre 2 
Angers 1, Monaco 1 

W e rder Bremen ft FC Nuremberg 2 
FC Cologne 1, Bayer Leverkusen 1 
BorusslaMoenctw n gloribachl.SCFrglburBl 
Etch-odd Frankfurt l, sctxdke 3 
FC Katoerstautom ft Korlsruho SC 0 
Barorn Munich 4. MSV Duisburg 8 
Hamburg SV 1, Dynamo Dresden 1 
Borcetono ft Departhm de La Coruna 8 
Due to D ml ted spoca. soccer stortdlnss will 
appear In Tuesday's paper. 

le S cp ffsd ul e. Arizona 
Msnk Stag lei SamHlnals 
Andre Agassi (5), United Stake, del. Kor- 
Eton BraoHA. Germany. 6-1, 64; Lutz Matter, 
Brazil, del. MadVOl Was hi ngton (2), Untied 
Stales. 3ft 6ft 6-1 

Doubles Se minnow 

Alex O'Brien, Amarllla, United Stales, and 
Saxton Stol to. Austral to. del. Mike Briggs aid ■ 
Scoff Davis. United States, 6-r. 7-6 (84); Jan 
Apeft Sweden, md Ken Fladv United Stake 
dot. Stave DeVrks, Uni led Stores, and Dario 
MacPhemn. Australia. 6-1. 7-6 (84). 


Id nxSan Weds, CalHornto 
Women *i Stogies SemMnats - 

Sleffi Grot ID. Germany, del. <va Mot oil. 
Croatia. 64. 6-1; Amanda Coetmr (61, South 
Africa dcL Lindsay Davenport (3>, United 
States. 4-6, 6-1 6-4. 

Doubles semffloaU 

' Manon BoilegroL Hetheriands-and Helena 
Sufcavu. Czech Republic (2), del. Mary Joe 
Fenwndea United States, and Rennae 
Stubbs, Australia (3). 5-7, 64. 60; Llndsav 
Davenport a n d Usa Raymond, United states, 
del. Amy Frazier and Kimberly Pa United 
Slates, 64. 64. 

la Rotterdam. Netherlands 
Meat Singles Semifinals 

Michael Sikh ( I ). Germany, del. Paul Haor- 
huts, Nefherianda 6-4 6-3; Wayne Ferreira 
(5), South Africa def. Goran Ivanisevic (2). 
Croatia 6-ft 34. 7-i 

DoeMes Semifinals 

Paul HaarhulsandJecca Eitingh (D.Nefh- 
artanchdEf. Yevgeny Kafelnlkav. Russiaand 
Memo anting, Netherlands. 64, 7-5; Jams 
Btoricmaa Sweden and Jeremy Bates. Eng- 
land. del. John McEnroe. United Slates and 
Barts Becker. Germany 64, 6-4. 

Singles Final 

Stlcti def. Ferreira (5), 6ft 6-ft 60. 


Pakistan vs. New Zadanft Fourth Day 
Sandav, hi ChrisUSwrch, Hew Zealand 
Paki sta n 2d innings: 179 
New Zealand 2d Innings; 2774 
Mm India vs. Engtaed 
Saturday, In Ktagstan, Jamaica 
England <dnmg«r 2588 tar avers) 
west Indies Innings: 248-7 (45-5 oven) 
West indies wan. Series Ned t-1. 


Scares offer Sot un tar* itHrd round of the 
din 45ftN» event at the par-72, 7jn4-rani 
(4432- meter) Moatecastfflo Golf Pub course. 
In Jerez de la Frontera, Spate: 

Jose Marta OkmabaL Spain, 69-68- 7V-5DB 
Cart Mason. England, 67-78-71—808 
Gordon Brand Jr. Scottond, 71-6949—209 
Peter Fourier. Australia. 6748-75-210 
Richard floral I, England. 74-69-68—711 
Peter Terovatnen, Unttod States. 787348-911 
Jose Cocem. Araenttna 787249—2)1 
imaclo Gorrkkv Spain. 734371—711 
Ram McFariane. England. 687873—711 
Ran Drummond. Scotland. 69-69-73—211 
Jhn Payne. England. 67-49-75-211 
Paul Maya, Woles, 787369-212 
Mark Roe. England, 72-7870-212 
Jay Townsend, United Slates, 67-74-71— 212 
Per-Ulrik Joh anss on. Sweden. 69-72-71—212 
David R. janes, England. 754671—217 
lan Palmer. South Africa, 69-71-73-Z12 
Paul Curry, England. 6971-72—212 


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Page 15 


^ . i ; /; 

Short-Track Races Long on Drama 

Italy and South Koreans Set 
Records , Turner Disqualified 

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* Afinnkered-down Cafty T\mKr, 

,iwmng part Em So Hee,Ieft,mthefinflL The referees saidTi 


cot off the Sooth Korean. 

By Jere Longman 

Sew York Tima Service 

HAMAR —The last couple of 
days had been no fun for Cathy 
Turner, the two- time U.S. gold 
medalist in Olympic short-track 

There were accusations that she 
was a dirt}' skater, a nasty note in 
her electronic mail and whispers 
that she would be taken down by 
Canadian or Chinese skaters. Sat- 
urday night she was rtivyHiiffarf 
from the 1,000-meter race for im- 
peding another skater, and when 
turner left the ice, she also said she 
was leaving the sport. 

“I’m not basing fun.” said 
Turner, who is 31. ‘This is sup- 
posed to be fun. 2 was looking for- 
ward to faring here. But all this 
nonsense is taking the fun away 
from me-" 

Her announced retirement was 
yet another dark moment for a 
sport that has suffered through an 
embarrasang Olympics with name- 
calling, tantrums, disqualifications, 
suspect refereeing and general con- 

Juan Antonio Samaranch, presi- 
dent of the International Olympic 
Committee, has expressed his con- 
cern. Only two years after short- 

track speed skating was first intro- 
iedal 1 


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G: Bonn* BtaJr, United State 
5: Ank» Bator, Germany 
B: Y« Qtooba cwim 

: ■ - • Croar Country skBoa 

S: RMk Rflsmo. Nrttrertanra 
B: FMko zoaddra. NUMmla 
AMna SKBna 

G: I My (MmirineOeZfilt Motto AfearvOa 
Gtorafa vanzEtto, SJhrto RxawrV 
S: Nnw (Stum Stvrrtsen, Vesord Utvote 
Thomog Atoeaard, Blare Date) - 
B: Plntom) {AOka .MylMa Hand K/rvas- 
dtand, Jot Roman. Jorl toonMaa) 

SB JORpfn 

G: Dtam Rotte-Stetnrattar, ua. 
s: svrt ln rrp cuMm Rite 
B: Hold* Kaatner, Italy 

Cron Caaatrr Sdtoy 
Wtenra* 5 Kltonwten' 
O: LyvOov Egorova Rraffa 
S: Mamma Dl CWIn Italy 
B: MarfedJtaa KJrvMrtttta 

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Daitaar. Otatar Tltaraa Jm wutet) 
S: Jomi Utaya RMdkala TakmM Okabi 
HartafcJ Kasai. MaacMknKarada) 

8: Austria (Katnc Kuttta, .Cftrlsttan mom 
S tafan HomaaOWi Andrea* GoMberaer) 

Mart teiMter Rtey 

■ G: KI-Hoon Kim, South Korea 
4: JLHooa Chao, South Korea 
R: Mac Gagnon, Canada 

Fate. Wteh Pnsram 
G: E. Gordeeva end S. Grinkov. Runfa 
S: N. Mfehkutteae* and A. Dmitriev, Romo 
B: U Broarer and I_ EWer, Canada 
Oran Country skUoa 
Mart 30 KHamten 
G: unreal Ateaard, Norway 
S: Bkan Dattii* Norway 
B: MB® MVByta. Finland 

Utter. Hungary. 1:3147 and 1. AM (2:3X41). 

Comedo Gate, ftomerea DNF; MwlaJoM 
Rteda Saaln, DNF; OnteSo Roa,Hmary, 
DNF; VKfcv Gran, Andorra DNF: Ataboo 
Ibarra Sonin. Dti F ; Clara DeFavriate Brit- 
ala DNF; £rifeaHansaoaSncdm.DNF; re- 
tool* Twraaon Canada DNF.- Emma Car- 
rtck-Andenon. Britain, DNF; Ftorenca 
Mosnoda Franca DNF. Edda Mutter, Gar- 
mem. DNF; Beatrice FUltoL Franca DNF; 
AJMtaDovm^tovette DNF; Mrtom Vaot 
Gnrmany, DNF; Anita Wochtar, Austria 
DNF; AmwfUa Citeras r. Km Zealand. 
DRF; Martanns Klntad, Norway. DNF; Po- 
*rida Chaovcf-Bfanc, ftenaa DNF. 

Ttenal Lefcmwl, Grssca DNF; Claudio 
Rtaslsr.NcwZeaiond.DNP; EvaTw or da Mi B. 
Unite State DNF; Leila Piccard. Franca 
DNF; trade Gera, Germany, DNF; Caroline 
GsddrCahL Norway. DSQ; Trine Bokka Nor. 
«my. DSQ; OMa LOataova. Ukratna DSOi 
Mantaue Peaeber. Unite State DSQ; Jails 
Foriste. Unite State DSD. 


i’- - :sa 
- ' w. .*n 

...f ON- 


Gt Gsmmr, THaraM CxadaL Karatso Bn*»-- 
■IfHCtlr 0M Hampel, Afmonder Staftal 
' SrSsteaitanLlGwtaytedsr^tamRAKiciia 
KurtNWer, Domenico Sameraro) 

B: -Germany. . (WaHauna Haapa DU 
IterTiir minn Hannmann. Gtaten Em- 
boctij - • 

", Men SHQlaawlar.Oraai Coaatrv . 

G: AriodteFteNwri K ta nfcl f tan r ■ v ■ 
S: Mka iNMos Finland - - 
B; Stars KvsrtWn.:ifcnwv " 

G: Saadi Korea 
S: Canada 
B: united State 


AbMUdta • 

. . NteYStaotaf 
G: Gears Kadd. Germany 
. S; Marin* Prock, Austria 
B: Ante Zaaarier, Italy 

Speed Skalte 



G: Famine Winers. Sweden 
S: Vrenf sdnaHir, Sw lte lnw l 
B; Alsnka Demon, Starsnla 

G; Atakrandr Oohtev, Ruaeto 
S: Sersti Klevohmya, Russia 
8: Mendbu HertL Jtaum 


. . Abine Stuns 

■" : ±Sr’ 

t.... ui :n» 
- : - •r'.Ur 
M’ 1 V‘2W 

- -jr-.W 

TMmddkteBonywsr, Austria 
-SsJUbKta.Tamte.'Mv; 7 
B: jmw Kea»r,4tavsnto 

“prstatett;-:-. * 

— Ss Canada \ 

•'Be Fbitand-*- “ ...■•* - J - 


•ft Emase Hunyatfv. Auetpe 
S; Svetlana FadoMUna. Rate 
‘Br Gundki Wenanv Gamwav 
Crass Coaatrv 5*®ns 
'• WbNMM -te KUoamtwr Relay. 

G: Russia lEtana VosBm, Larissa Lcautfna. 
Nte Gavriluk, Lyubov Edorawil - 
S: Nanny (Trade DyfaandaM. hste Halsne 
Nyordals n. enn Ntten, Anna Meant 
B; Italy [Blca vtsnetta, Mmsta Dl Cental 
GdbrMfo Paruzzt Statanlo BeunandaL 

G-- Tammy Ator, United states 
S: Ktaty Andre Aomedt. Norway . 
B: Edward Podtotey, Cauda 
Cron Country State 
W wsi 15 KHameeen 
G: Monueta Dl Cert a, ttotv 
Si Iter Eaorava. Russia 
B: Ntan Gavriluk, Rate 

G: Johann may Ken, Norway 
S; KWI Stars Bd. Norway 
b: ramie 

rvr ~*** 
..... j.--- 

. „■ : .- f n' 

- r-*! 1 * 

. - •. ' 

G: Vrsnl 'Sdmfdsr.'Mttaarland 
S: Elfttede Edsr, Austria ' 

B: Kaiia Koran, Stavsata. 


.. „;vv 

. MnrsditfJ ntametarRrtav 
G: Gemxmy (Rkxn Gnm, Frank Lack. Mark 
Ktebasr, tet Fischer) 

S: Rate ^Valery Klrisrtm, Vtartadr Drnt- 
chev, Serte Tarasov, Serael TriwpHcavl 
B: FrxsternflsrryDusstrre, Patrice Bafiry- 
SnHni Uaos< Laurent. Harv* FtandkiT 

G: Oksana Gritschrtc. EvBsaLPlatDv, Russia 
S: Mala Usavoand Alexander Zhut In. Russia 
B: Jayne TbrvB and ChrirtsrtiirDeaiv Britain bLALUM 

2 S Mtaaslses 


■B: Frank Luc*. Germany 
. Bt'Sven Ftaclisr, Germany 

-6: Chaa JMSoan, South Karoo 
S: Mirim VUUtarntin. Holy ' 

Br NM ia te Ou ech. Britain ... 

O: Swttz. l (Gustav Wedsr and Donat) 

5; Swttz.II I Beta GortscW and GuMoAcJdJn) 
B: Italy l (Garther Huber aid statute Tloel) 

MENS SLALOM ftjf aadSktreamtaparm- 
kisses}— ■% Thames Stanaateosr. Austria 
O.-flWB dnd'.lrdutu, 2.-6242; Z Alberta 
Tomte Italy. naiLM and WJU. 2--0B.T7; 3. 
Jura Kdtir. Slovenia (1X2JS and SKttl. 
2:0253; A Mltta Kune, Staverta n:<an mid 
StJtm. 2:0242; & Thomas Fan' 

G: Ittfy - 
-S; Urttad State 
-8: Australia 

. W o mte TAM Metars - 

* G: Chun Le*4Cyona SoaBi.Kiirea 

* S: Nathatto LamUert, Canada 

' B:Kfan Sa^teSoaOi Kama 


■ Leras HW 13S Meters 
G: Jens WW« n o a Germany 
S: Esaen Bndeaea Norway 
Br Andreas OddbOMr, Austria 

Men TAMO Meters . 

G: Johorm otav Koes. Norway 
S: KIM Stacte, Norway ' 

B: Bari Vetdkamp. NetheriandB 

1 G: Loam Klw, Norway 
’ 3: KlefS Andre AOnteL Norway 
h: Hate strand Nttssn. Norway 

G: Kalla SeWnaer, Germany 
.8: Pfcubo street, unite State 
B: tsatde Kaatner. It My 

G: C l audia PscMeln, Gentev 
5: Gunda Ntam an s . Garcnany 
B: Hiram) Ydmamota 
- Dl Je 

Mam Frae Purse rt IS KOsmetars 
G: Blnrn DaMta, Norway- ‘ 

3: Vknflmtr Smirnov, Katewte 
.B: SBvta Fauner, Italy 

G: Espea Bredesan, Norway 
.3: Loose' OHesen, Norway 
B: Dieter Thoma. Germany 

G: Alexei Urmanov. Rate . 

5: EMs Stofkoa Canada - 
B: PhUWPe C on d cl onx France 

.. . Woolen’s exM KHameter Ratav . 

G; Rate (NadMfci TaUtava, Natalia Smr- 
itaa. Lotte Noskova, Anfisa Removal, 
lrtTiwa in . 

3; German* (Ursuta DHL Artie Harvey, SL 
men GretaertPiMerAMfmn, Felra SchaaO. 
VJiiUS fll 

Br France (Carbine Moaret, VenteueawF 
del-Detanm Heym aan. Anne Brtcmdl. 
lrSMSatll ' 

.. leahddert 

G;.Fred-Borre u ex ter n, Norway 
3: Takotmri Kano; Jten 
B: (Marta Enaen VTk/ Norway 

G; Oksana BaKA- Ukraine. . 

S: Nancy Kentaon, 1 United State 


AMae SkHea 
WemeeT Qte Hetata : 
Q: Oabarah CuapamtaA wnty 
s: twarrina ErtL Gerawny . 

' R: vrard setateer, Swftzeriand 

G; Bonnie BMr, UaMad State 
S: Sorsi JMKh, Crmada • 

B: FrardMca-Schenk, Germany -■ . 

. BtaBrtoa; ’ ‘ 
Wemam is 

GT MyriamBedanL Cbnado 
S; Anne Brtand. Franc* . 

B: Ursula DM, Germany 

G: Kart Bnweer and WUfried Huaer. Duly 
5; Handera (tarn and Nortert Huber. Italy 
B:3tetaaKrau»» and Jan Brirendt, Germany 




Gs Manaeta-DI Genta. TWY - - 

S: Martt WML Norway . 

B: Marta-LQsa Wnreteml, Fbdand 
Freestyle SkBM 
" "Mem AerioD 

G! Andrea ^sbwMteeaRG'SwtWttaod 
S:.PMUpp« Loraebe. Canada 
Bi Lloyd Lonatab. Canada . 

• wemitfi Aarirte 
Of UM-OtarMWAL UBKrtfd*; - 
S:. Maria Undm Sweden . 

B: HRde avmow Ud. Norway 
• . Morale Combined 
-Teom ... 

C:. JSMR. (Ttftanptl Xana,-MaBfaW am, 


.Vtt, lyed.JVirrE LundhamJ 

H: sedoertond tHtartdy* teeot. JeamYte 
CutndeL Aanrem Schaod) 

• - teed site* 

. -Ww«»#mteMetar* 

C-’ Camv Tiimer. Untted state • 

*: yaanM.3w» ate 
B: Amy Fetnoa, UnOM State 

~ ~ - jueine 'SMB* • 

^ - Btart GiaM State 

G: Mdriqi) WBEMler, Germany 
5; Ur»' KtaSa, SwMwtand 

B: QtftaBad Nkiycy, Austria 
- Biathlon 

- , AwinT 1 * JOfejnrter* 

G: tannrl teenSaav. Rate 
S:-Sfca> Gran, GenriaaY. 

B: Semi TariBav.-ftute 
. . . r Mkpte:» WtawMte 
G; Myrian taward. Canada' ’ ' 
‘Ttetfcwitarorayotaa, BMan« - . .. 

•. VotaFWTTertje. uwater 

Men’s LNB MMers 
a: Dan Jansen, Unltad State 

s: leor atetetat' 

B: -Strain Kievchenya, Undo . 

- Metfe s « r p e* O lo rt State 
G; Marias Htasmrier, Germany 
Si Tammy Mow Pofa*r» Atoka 
BMCtafH Aprira Aaaiadb Norway 
. ‘ Cram Country StBae 

' MOOT taKBBMWHra ' 

G: Bfcrn Oahfla, Nanwr 
. Sj VWSmir Stnirnov, KaxaUtttan 
b: lintel AlhorelkL Italy 

G: Lyubov Eoarava, RusNa 
Sr Manoelo Dt Certn, IfatY - 
Bf-Statanta BtamonGb (Mr 
$p«ad SkaitaB . 
G: Svtltaoa Badianova, K»«^a 
- S: Enewe Hanyady, Austria . 
b: Qaddta Poriuleln, Get'ntany : . 


; n e ediyta Sfcft* 

c: jertvLBt.Brated, cm* 

S: Saraai shauPWtay. Rw*o 
B.-'Edaar Grasatm Franc*. .. 

• WoewrtMteta 
G: SMM US* HatlMtaANWte 
s: Ur Meintv**- urtled Slalee - 
B: etfzawta Katavnncoinu Bute 

g; oeraa Wtessns takMV; it Mir 
SrSad Erdmann, Germany 
B:Apdran Tagwa te; Airart a 
■ . Spied Sknitae . 

• J*te MM Molera. 

G: Johann Otav Kste iteway 

0 dBMand LOaun.WttaS; 4 Finn ChrWtan 
Joese. Norway, a*I1d rad l:«A3L 2:0.1?; 
7. Paul Puckett, United slate, 0*297 and 
liOOJOL 2-JBA7; L Aneeto Vtate, Itaty, 
0:0227 and l:6ft951,2J)272;?. Patrick Staub, 
SwftmrtarML O MM munmUSI. 2:04.19; M. 
AndrM MHdove, Stoverta 0:8257 and 
lrirut), sous. . 

TL Andrea Zlralt, SwHxeitand. o :a287 and 
1*247L 2*494; O, MSca Marta. Finland, 
n:0254Ohdl :02J5),2:049»; lXMateEricmn. 
Sweden. 0*225 und ltfM4). 2:0Lr9; 14. 
Thorhai GratWLCanada (HUM and 1 idBBM, 
. 2-.0SJU; U. Michael van GruertoaaSwNxetv 
land, (l*3Ftand COIM, 2:0520; iLYves 
Dbater. Frenen. (1:1372 and I *327), 2:0&99; 
17. Paul Acosta SwMtariawL (l:OL45 and 
1:03.11)^.-0754; IBKImtaebu Klroura jasan, 
O:0SM and 1*271), 2:07.97; w, Takuya 
lebioiga, Japan, n:9&94 and 1:0440). 2:KL34; 
» Vicente Tomas, Spahv 0*L71 cmd 

1 te23I.2:UA<; 2LHurSun»waak. South Ko- 
na. (1:8243 and 1:0dm 2: ILLS; 22 Atllla 
Barts, Hungary, 0:1087 and 1:0256), 2riDXX 

Achlm VaaL Uerirtenstata DNS; Marco 
BuecheL DecMerateUv DNS; Tartae Bar- 
nerssoL Germany, DNS: Levan Abnartshvin, 
Georgia. DNF: Vedran Pavtefc, Croatia. 
DNF; Marcki Smfraneki. Poland. DNF; Pe- 
ter Dttchev. Btdaaria. DNF; Federico Van 
DttT7xr.ATBnnfloQ.DNF; Hater Anw mra 
IcetanL DNF; Javier Ubrira Spain, DNF; 
JWMten GartortL Britain. DNF; Simon W1 
Rutenn. New Zealand DNF; KrieHiw 
Btamn IcefcexL DNF; Gerard Eecada, 
Andorra. DNF; Lyubomir Popov, Bulgaria, 
DNF; Tabta* HeitaKm, Sweden, DNF. 

. Gaku Htrasawa. Japan. ONF; Ovtdfe Gor- 
ttarSPahv DHPFErth 5cMopy, United States. 
DNF; Norman BeraameUl Italy. DNF; Jo- 
itaty, DNF: Bernhard Bauer. Germany. 
DNF; Lasse Wra Norway, DNF; Bernhard 
GatetaAiietrkbDNF; Grantor Mddar.Auo- 
Met, DNF; J ArmW Bittner, Germany- DNF; 

. Jeremy Nobta Unltad States, DNF; Totauva 

OkobeJapoa DNF; AtaWiewGrosWoTV Unit- 
ed States, DNF; Robert Craseon. Omada 

DNF;Seha5MenAmte,FnmavDNF; Thom- 
as Syfcara Austria. DNF; KWH Andre Ao- 
maett Norway. DNF; Peter RWta Germany, 
DNF; Glrardein, Luxembourg^ DSQ; Ole 
aridbi Funmettu Norway, DSC; Graoor 
GrBc. Slaventa, DSQ. 

ki purwdBeeseD— LVTenl ScfWeMsr, Swlber- 
Knd, 0^*41 and S&J3. (IdMH); 2.E«» «or. 
Aastrta D 15954 and 56J1, 0^35)2 X Kotta 

Korwi.aaverta.DJ9J* and S7A1.UJ641>; A 

PsmJIta Wftere, Sweden, ttSMS and St A 
3, uabrieta Zbsra SwUmriand. 
e-stA? met talk (1^738); A Chrtsllne VW 
Gf Ue rt u e n , Switertahd, 1:0276 and S MB 
11&7JW; 7, Roberta SWTO Italy. 

57**. OJTte); L Uraka HrovaL StavwW. 
7*BJ8andJ74R.()^aV>: fcMereno^ GaUUB 
Italy, IjRLO «d 37J6. (1 JB.19I7 RDterah 
GamPaanOOt Itaflr. I:«*S«*SBW. ( 

ILSaeta Pr«ltiqr^5lovBnia,l MnvGSlO. 
il'jBJGH a Merita Moteite. AteB 
1 *l J05ond37at. UsSBM) i HOirtiltaa Rteta, 
S«wdwi,i*IJ1widSUAt1riM71.- nMtetna 
ErtV Germany, 1*L3I rad 52*2 naM»: tt 
Trad* Gtada, Norway, lAtf and 9X, 
M. Lora MranaL IWy, <M 
ML 0:02*11: D.Marttaa AeataSWRtarlantt 
tttjtSmiSrA OMJBU TtCaiiaSnetntara. 
united States. 1^)43 rad 5053. (2*2M)f W. 

■ Kristina Andersnv SWWJeiv 1:0MS «md W2 
0:0675); 2B,fle> Asia HMkkrnWttr. icatartL 
lBUtadRmjtelli mw d W RMB 
1»B67 and SUL 0:01555. 

. ZLZrti SleaaatLAusfralta. IdaUradSyJB, 
1*232, (2MCJ11; 22 Caroline Prater. An- 
dorra. I.-SUtand 1:8232 1 iAUPSi 
, tans KcteaM, HiinBary^aMr enditei. 
et.»mi Rk Grarwa GuUracv Arpwdtaa. 

1 »xl 1 : 9752(3: 17 J6); 77. Artonfl Boras. 



BBnlr Smirnov, KaaMMien.2twurw7 mbwiM. 
3U seconds: Z M8a Mydytaw FMate 
2:08415; X State Shmrttan. Norway,}: 0841 IS; 
A Blara Dcrtle. Norway. 5=0* :1U; 5. Erfina 
J*vn*i Norway. 2 JF: 112; LOriWer MaUtaeck. 
Swedwi. 2:18:838; 7. Maurtdo De bit Italy. 
2:16:123; 2 Giorgio Vanxetta. Itaty. 2:W:M8;*, 
MmnnBaivtnQv,RaMla.£Hl:ia9; taveoara 
Utvana Norway. SMBsMB. 

lLSOvto Fauner. Italy. 2: 11:09.6: U Horrl 
KlrvesnicmL Ftatmd. %11:19J); IX Atate 
Prakeurarwr. Raula 2:11:528; H I Bar Ba- 
Oamctdrv Russia. 3:12.-221; IX Alois Stad- 
tober, Austria 2 : 13:1X5; IXJs ram ta H Maasr . 
Swltzeriona 2:13:422; 17. Alexander Vara- 
biev, Rasria 2:13445; 12Jra OttossoaSwr- 
dea 2:13:552; 19. Jura Jesus Gutieriaz, 
Snota T.U3Z5; 22 Lubomlr Buchta Cxecti 
Republic. r.UJU. 

3L Victor Kamotski, Briarra 2:15.-629; 22 
JaanusTepparv Estonia, 2 U:1U; 23. Patrick 
Japan, 2:ita5l7; 2x laor Ohukfwv, Betaras. 
X17;024; 2L Andrus veerprta Estonia. 
3sl7aU; 27. Nik las jonsma Sweden. 
717349; 22 Hhmtild tmaLjapaiv2:17:552,- 
Alarious Hotter. Liechtenstein, fettraLL 
XL GtantnmcD Palvara. ttotv. 2: IB: 405; 32 
Rtawiias praavraLfmu<mkx,2T VKOt J;» Ce- 
dric VaiiM, France. 2:i9ri67; 34. Jerri Rtaa 
SPata.2:19riI9; 3X Jusrtn MMmarth, Unhed 
State 2:19:49.1; 3L Tahm Kara, Esiatda 
2:19:519; S7.&mi Rena FintancL 2^0:320: 8L 
Stefan Kura. UeO N sna ta ta. t3B:321 ,- It. Todd 
Bowwt ra united States. 7:20:418; PL Karri 
Hfatomoefc L Ftakwa 2:20:809. 

41. Hans DleJhnlm. Swltzeriond. 2:21:015; 
4XCarimVtefitaSarta2:7i :02s; 4X vassiti 
Gorfaatchev. Betargs. Ml -J1J ; 44. J uera Co- 
ral. Switzerland. 2:21:483; 4X Serauel Mar- 
oa ta kL Kazrtdwtan. 2JVJ79; 44. pwifape 
Sanriwz. France. 2:2415; 47, Anthony Ev- 
ara, Austretfa. 2:2452: 42 Katutuhl Nago- 
homo. Janon.2:2ri02; 49. Peter VOntenbera 
United State 2J2J3.1; 52 Nikolai Ivanov. 
KomKhston. 222-^.L 
51. Dany Bouchard. Canada, 2:23495: 92, 
Antartla Rarid, Croatia 2:21 A4;5X Ben Hu- 
saby. United State 2ra-J7J; S4. State vo 
kenia Croatia SM-.1W; SX Dental jakobs- 
soa. Iceland, 2:34^75; 94. Peter 

ScNIdconriedcr, Germany. 2:253241 57, 
EShe Horn, Denmark, 2:25:585; 5X Ondrel 
Valeria extra Republic, 2ri»:«a»; 99. Mark 
Gray. Australia 2.-295U; Ml RoesnvaMur 
tnathorseaa lcetand,2:S^29; 41. Jams Her- 
manta. Udvta. 2:34:11.1. 

TaroM Rein. Germany. DNS; Serael Do- 
IldawHsra. Betana DNS; Pavel Bene. Czech 
RaaabBc DNS; Mlchoel Bknar, Donmork, 
DNS; MathkB Frcdrlksean, Swedwi. DNS; Do- 
vtdMarOn Beiam. Britain. DNS; Jwika Neuner. 
Germany. DNF; Eletner-Gvaiw Tanka Ro- 
moala DNF; CHaehem Guidon, Swttmrtona 
DNF; Martin Petrosek. Czech RerabHa DNF; 
Jochen Bdfa Germany. DNF. 

mars Mtnen. Aorta Pteksna). 1:4X23 U2J7. 
SUM: 22. Japarsi (Naomi TakewrtU, Hlr- 
orau OsMma H Intel SwufcL TakasM 
Otari). 1:4X29 (5X54.5253); 2X Italy-1 I Pas- 
Marcontanlo StHfll. 1:4555 (5257. 52JS). 24. 
No manta-l IFlortan Eno the. Merten 
OtUesai. luOan Podefanu. Mho) Dumi- 
trascvi. 1.-4XM (5292, 5X071. 25. RussJo-I 
I Oleg Steorudwnka Aider Tereetpav. Sw- 
art Kruglov, Oleg Petrov I ■ 1:4125 (53.15 

34 Puerto RloH (Lissm ilochette. jam 
Farrar. Jorge Bonaet. Douglas RasadoL 
1:4752(53 “a. 53 gl;27.Mraoo-((AB>ertCrl- 
moHL Da«M Tomatis. Pracoi Camta, Gum 
Bestll. 1:47.12 <5154 5X91; 21 Ukraine-! 
(Ataui Jaufeov. Andrei Prtouckhov. Vasili 
Lariuch.AIW(Ondre Baritauk). 1:4724 (SJ1. 
5X751; 29. Virgin iskmds-l IZachery Zaller. 
Pool Zar, David Entwitata. Alexander Pee), 
1:4751 15X79,5352); JXBawilo-Herzagov tad- 1 
(Zoroo Sekofavic. laot Hororic Ntaor Zoclra- 
Qtc, tear Baras), 1:4957 ($437, 5450). 

nmstapaeartlwses) — LGemKsnMi (Hamid 
CzudoL Knr W on BRmnasai. Otal Hornool. Al- 
exander SzeflaL 3 minutes, 7728 seconds 
(5257,sxM);XSwltwfiara-( I Gustav Ytad c r. 
Donat Acklla Kurt Meter, Domenia Semer- 
Ura) J:2754 (5X045X131 ; XGermaay-< (Watf- 
acwp) kniB UHl BeMcfr.itw Hcnramcm 
Cateen E mooch), 3 7XC1 (52.14. 52.14); 4. 
AuNrio-l (HSihert Schoesser, Gerhard Retfl, 
Harold Wtakfar. Gerhard HoWacher ). 3 ^L4S 
157.71 5737) ;X Brttata-I (Mark Tout, George 
ForrelL Joan Wlna Lermca Pauli 3:2857. 
UXI4 5X44); 4 Austrian (Kurt Elnberger. 
Thomas Bariuor. Cameo N on tw t a Marita 
s ran e tanou erL MM1 (5X3z szat.- 7. Swtt- 
xerXMKHI (Christian MeUL Reno Sramld- 
heinv. Garry la eHier. Chr attar Reich). 
3:2923 15X54 5X41); 4 Brltakvll (Sean Os- 
son, John Kerocri. Dean HhnL Paul Field) . 
3:2*41 (9224, S2A7). 

9. IWMI (Gunther Huber, Antonio Tortbg- 
da B cr rt oi rd Malt. Ml ran Rueatera). 3-.29A2 
COAL 5X75); KL Czech Rraub((c>i (Jlri 
Danura. Pate Poskar. Pavel Poiotraky. Jon 
Koblra). Srifji 15X31. sum: il, Omoda-li 
lOa ta taotwr Lori. Chriaian Farstoa, Sherl- 
don BowHste. Glenrav Gilbert). 3:2926 (5X57. 
5254): IX Canada- 1 IPtarra Luedertu Dovtd 
Macaachwn. Jocek Pve. Pascal Caranl, 
3«57 (5221. 5X531; IX uavkU (Zlntls 6k- 
morts. Barta Artemievs. Airis I rulers. DhtH 
SkOSfcal. 3.-2951 I525X 5X58); 14. Jcmalcs-I 
(Dudley Stokes. Wtnstcn Walt. Netaon Stokes. 
Wayne Thomas). 2:29.94 15X29. 5XS1): l& 
United Statea-J IRanOy m Jotf Woodard. 
Joe Sawvw. Chris Coleman), 3:2957 15X77. 
5X75); IX France-11 I Bruno Mingeon. Phi- 
tlpae Tanraon. Gabriel Feurndaue. Eric Le 
Chwwny), 3:305* 15X54 5X51); 17, Sweden-! 
(Fradrik GaWateon, Joroen Kruse, Lamarl 
WestermorK Hans Bvberg), 3.3032 19XSB. 
SX72); 14 Jaoovi IMooml TakewoM, Hlr- 
ovuki Ostuma. Hiroshi Suzuki. TakasM 
dnorl). 3JC47 15X55 5X73). (SandlsPrusts. Juris Tane.Ok>- 
mors Rtatem Adris Piutano), j:snji ism. 
5X79); 24 Austral to-1 IJusttn McdenakL 
Adam Bar cloy, Scort Worker, cwvi CarvcNL 
3:3152 (5255.5X831 : 21. France-1 (Chris?o«w 
Ftaetwr. Ttaem* Trlbondeau. Claude Don*. 
Mas Robert ). 321 .18 ISXB9. SXM); 7Z Itolv-I 
(Pasauata Gesulta, Porto CanedL SWrio Cat- 
cagnx Marcarionto Stlttl). 3-.31.95 (5257. 
SJJJi: 21 RoaiOBJo-i (Ftortan Eaocte Mar- 
ian Oiltescu, union Poctownu, Mihal Dumi- 
tnsocu), 3:3X18 (52)9. 5X1251.- 24 Russia- 1 
(Oleg Sukhoruchenka. Aldor Tereautor. Ser- 
ge! Krortov, Oleg Petrov). 3:2118 (5144. 
5X39); 24 Puerto Rlco-i (Ltston Bocherie. 
Jew Ferrer, Jorae Bonnet, OaUBtai Rosado). 
3:34J)2 1 5X57JX43J; 24 Monaco- 1 lAAertGri- 
makJL David Tomatis. Pascal Camta. Gttbert 
Basel). 20442 [5X75, 5X751; 27. Ukrotae-I 
(Ataaet Jaukav, Andrei Petaucfchav. Vasili 
Lariach. Akrcondne Bartkwfc), 3:3 Sl 32 (5X99, 
5197); 24 Virata tstands-t (Zacharv Zaller, 
Pout Tor. David Entwtstie. Alexander Poe), 
30M5(5t23JB8> ); 24 BewteeMraeaevtae- 1 
(Teran Sokotowic. tzei Horacic Ntrer Zedro- 
tfle. tear Boras), 9.-3477 (55.14 55.10); Untied 
Sietes-ll (Brian SMmer. Bryan Lennon 
Katies Kirby. Randv Janes). DNSJL 


Germnay 4 United States 3 
caer. Baauttic 7, Stovotaa i 
FtrJsid 4 Russia 0 

Seven Pface 

Gcnnmy I 1 M 

United States I I 1-9 

Firw period— 1, Germany. Lea Steian 
(Thomos Brandt Jayson Meyer); (PPI. I 
united States. David Sacco I Baron Rtcn- 
teri; Penalties— Oovtd Roberts. USA (reueh- 
knai: James CamobelL USA Icraewraeck- 
tne); Chrtstaotvr intes. USA (nooklnal. 

Second period— X United States. Theodore 
Drury (David Roberts. David Sacra); IPP>.4. 
Germany. 4 Derg Mayr (Joerg Mandrickl; 
Penalti e s- D en hc ra TrurtschkaGer (Inter- 
terence): Mark BeoutolL USA (stashing); 
Scrron Richter. USA (roughing). 

IMnl pertad— 5. Germany. Ratmund Htiaer 
(Stefcn U start. Joerg Mayrl; 6. Germany. 
Dieter Hecvn.7. Untied States, Peter Ferraro 
(Bcrran RkJiter). 

Shots on goal Germrav 8^9-56. UMtea 
States 10-7-12— 59. Goalies— Germany . Jaseoh 
Hrtss (29 shots-24savps). United State Garth 
5naw (24-221. 




Czech Republic < t 2-7 

Slovakia i o a— i 

First period— 1, Slovakia. Miroslav Satan 
(Oto Hascak); X Cxera RraaBNcCMakar Jan- 
e&v ( jirt Kucera-Drahomlr Kartec) : XCzeai 
Republic. Tomes Srsen ( Roman Horak. Kamil 
Kastak); 4Cze» Republic. Richard ZomHckn 
(Pavel Getter! Jbl wkoukal); 5, Czech Ro- 
putbc Romra Horak (Tomas Srsen); Penat- 
ties— Robert Svetda, Svk (charolnel. 

Second period— 4 Czech Ropuhic. Jtri Ku- 
ceroiOtokcr janeckv): lool. Penolttev- Ro- 
man Ksntsek. Svk (Interterence); Zlsmund 
PaHtv.Svk (rauatungl : Otekor Janediv, Czc. 
double-miner Irauohinp); Robert Prtro- 
vtckv.Svk ihrtdlne); Jlrl Veber.Cze (rough- 
ing); Robert Petrovlckv, svk Ihookine); So- 
vsk lobenra. served ovJozet Dana (too many 
men); Petr Mrbek. Cze (hook tag). 

Third period— 7. Czech Republic. Pavel Got- 
ten (Richard Zemllckalt 4 Czech Republic. 
Rtenord Xemllcko (Jlrl Wkoukri); Penav 
ties— Richard Zcmllcka Cte (hohPng); Tp- 
mas Sown, C» nr ipptna i : Rene Puctwr, Svk 
iMatvst taking); Robert Svchta. Svk. motor 

Shots on aool— Crech Republic 6-6-7—71. 
Slovenia 11-13-13 — 33. Ooalte—Czech r*p«>- 
IIC Roman Turvk (33 shots-32 soves). Slova- 
kia. Eduard Hartmann (21-14). 

FOUR-MAN (1st and 3d runs ki 

sas>— I.Gcrmanyl I (Harold Czudul, Korsten 
BrarttasefkOiot Hampel AiekomMrSsMtaM 
mtauttadXSS seconds (S1A7.SUN1 : X Swltrari 

land- 1 (Gustav Wedcr. Donat AcMIn. Kart 
Meter, Domentco Skmerara). 1:4157 (5154 
5U7); X Germanvi (W M ta w H o p aa. UK 
HtoteOwr. Rene Ho nn e mo nn. Canten Errv- 
bach). 1UX73 (3151 St .91); 4 Austria-! (Hu- 
bert Schoesser. Gertwrd RedL Harold 
Wtakler, Gerhard Hokfacher), tsa*8 (5U4 
5X04): 5. itofy-ll (Gunther HiMr. Antonia 
Tariaella Stefana Tied Mirra Ruartera), 
1:407 (SUB. 5X2*). 

4 Swttzur ■rad-11 (CtatsiJon Meta. Rm 
SdimiAetnv, Gerry Irafftef. Chrbdtan 
Reich). 1:44.14 (Si 54 5X14); 7. Austria- It 
(Kurt Etobcrger. Thomas Bachlar, Cwrsten 
Nentwle, Martin SdiwnanKrl, 1:4414 
l51545X22).-4Brtlaln-i (Mark Tout. Gaerae 
ForrelL Jason Wlna Lennox Pout), 1:4437 

Ornsza uiXCo n ^jllCtatWa ^Lari. 

Chri«1on FfflTtod, SherWofl Baottste. Gfcn- 

roy GJ»g«)- 1 :4L« (5X11. SXW : «k united 

SMtei (Randy will. Jett Woodard. Joe Saw- 
yer, Chris Cofamon). i:a*a» (34BL SX«. 
11, untied States- il (Brian Shlmer, Bmm 

Utorax. Nrtlrt Klrtw, Rram JanssU:4458 

(523X 5239); IX BrlteliMI (SaonOBSWfcJrt" 


S4S); 33. CanodcH (Pierre under*. Davi d 
MocMtfwrtL J«tk fin igyaj low* 
3-4439 (523X 5251); H LOtvtaJ (Zhdls 6fc- 
niate D«l** Artemtevi Afdb inflsn. DWzN 

5kldto),l J44»(SM9.^ sun: litoril SBteJ* 

lle-l Dirt Ozmoro. P **L Pl> ‘ 

terser. Jan KoHra). 3:«* 125X0^61. 

14, Franra-il (Brrao Mtngean, P WUpp* 
Tanraon. Gabriel FourthtoR. Eric Le Chra- 
amJ.Cd^aMXSWJIjn.Swwton-l IFra- 

drikGusfdtssen. Joraen KrimlrarartWH- 

termortuHOta Braero). V-4SJH 
il Jamatra-i (DudwYStoiws. wmetan Wrtt, 

*X54); i*. te Fjtpvra-i iOw«« rkhjim, 

ThterTyTribwideau.aaKteD eMBiyra HuB- 

•rtl. 1AS.151Q54SX61) and AUStrO 8d-l (Jra- 

HaMcDafleM. AMra Barclay.^ Scott walker. 
S^Sroi). 154X15 15X44 am. 
TJ.LaMd-i) (SradJsPnwta JwtsTane.Qto- 

many (Ricra Grass. Frank Luck. Mark Kirch- 
nor. Svan FISCtwr). V.X.-2X1 (Dt; X Russia 
(VOlery Kirienko. Vtadtadr Dratchev. Serael 
Tarasov. Serael Tctwpikov), i:3i:2U Ut: X 
Prance (TMerry Duwwrre, Patrice BaUtv-S» 
IteLloaei Laurent. Herve Ffanrtn). 1:32:31 3 
111; a Beterus (Victor Matooursv. laor 
Khofcftriekov, Otea Pvzhenkov. Atexander 
Popov). i:32^M IB); X Ftotand (Erkkl Lai- 
vrta Horn Efaranta. Tima Saapoeiae, vwn 
Htetaktati). 1:33:119 (11; 4 Itaty (Patrick 
Favre. Johann Possler. PterauwrtD Ccrrara. 
Andrea* ZMtrtel. >:33:nj (5); 7. Norway 
(Die Etnar Blorndaiefu Ivor Mtanai Ulektatv, 
Harvard Han evald. Jon Aege Tytdum), 
1:33:325 (81; 4 Pefand (Tamosz slfcara Jan 
ZMmlankv Wiestow Xtamtonin, Jon Wol ies). 
1:3X483 (8); f. Austria (Wolfgang Pffiwr. 
LudwtB Gredler. Franz Sctnler. Martin 
pfurtsctwiMr), i;s«ffl9 mi. 

14 Skmmla (Uras Vetepoc. Jure VetePvc. 
Bastion Lekalt. Janez Ozbatu. 1:34:195 (1); 
IL Sweden IPw Brandi. Mlkaet Lotoren. Lett 
Andensan. UH Johentxan). l:9*:3B5 (0); il 
Czech Republic (Petr Garabik. Tomas Kol 
l van Maiartk. Jlrl HohMac), 1:3544.9 (B); IX 
Estonia foiot Maewen. urm Kotame. Alva 
Udite KrtluOtaWv), 1 tfS:3*3 <31 ; 14 United 
SSJtes (Curi*S50mner,Oavld Jarecfclk Jm 
Ensen Duncan Deurtai). 1:25:417 (0); U, 
Ukraine (VttrtV Mrttvtenfca Terra DcMy. 
Vrtentvn DzMma. Ronton Zvonkov ). 1 iltsail 
<4); U. Lotefa (Gieds Mofahte ihnori Brt- 
da, Ateore BoedonovX Gtmdore Upenloks), 
TJJ7:46J 14); T7i Briton (Mlcnael Dbcon. ion 
Woods, Mart Gee, Kenneth Rudd). l:3e;MJ> 
(fll; n, Slovokla (Pawl Stood: Pavel Ko- 
irrta. Draw Kranor, Lukas Krelel!. 
1:40.-003 (3). 




iwiJIkmli Hard t— 1. Mtr ko Vuldemin. 
IWty.43JB;10toJHfaw-Sram Koreo.4172: 


Fletoae 2*8—4 

Flrsl period— l.FIntand. Morfco Polo (Mika 
Mem men); Z nmand. Mika Alatoto (Mika 
Strawnbera) .- Penalties — Andrei NlkolbMn, 
Bus (trlt&lnei; Pool Sarraanen. Fin (elbow- 
Ira) ; Jcrme CM anon. Fin (trtoMno); Pavel 
T anaev, Rut (ftrttflne). 

Seraod ported— 4 Eta land, villa Pettonen 
t toku K tea).- (PM.4 FintamlMIkaStraartr- 
bers (Mike Nlemlnen): Ptnotties— Miko 
srroemserv. Fin (hooUnei; Serve) Sftende- 
■ev. Rus thotdtaa); Vladimir Tarraev. Rut. 

( h rtrt n p). 

Third period— None. Pena tile*— Mika 
Sfreembera. Fin ItrlatXno). 

Shots on aoat— Russia 9-7.5-21. Finland It- 
134-31. Games— RusCa Vaterl ivonfkov |?> 
mota-ZTsovcst. Finland. JarrnoMyllvs (21-31). 

Canada X Sweden 3 

Gold Medal 

8 8 3 0—4 
I 8 t 8-8 
Hnl period— 1, Sweden, Tomas jontson 
(HMcon Loot* Peter Forsbero); (ool. Penal- 
tles-Mark Asttey. Can (nooklnal ; Leif Roh- 
(irr. sm (Mgft-srtaktagl; Tommy Sate. 5w», 
senna bv Patrick KieilDere (dWavotgomvl. 

Second peri od Hand. Peoo (ties— Todd 
Hlustikc, Can (ummrismanhke): Tamos 
Janmeru Swe ( unsu orf v nonllkel; Wally 
SchrriDer, Can Isuriikte) ; Roger janaraaon. 
Swe (mktiOB) ; Brian Savage, Con (hook tool : 
Mosnuv 5vens5drv Swe (hotdfasl. 

Third period— i crando. Paul Kurlya 
(Chris Kamos. Gree Johnson); X Canada. 
Derek Mover, 4 Sweden Magnus Svenssm 
i Peter FanbcmTemuJrassw); |pp).p»- 
oP ia s- pro d Wermfcn can iheeunai. 

SboDteet—LCenedn Peter Heaved, pad; 2, 
Sweden Hskon mot), mbs; X Canada, part 
Kertvn, B»sr; 4 Sweden Magnus Svwtsson. 
«eoi; x Canada. Dwayne Harris, mtes; 4 Swe- 
den, Mats Nasi rad. miss; 7. Canada, Greg 
ParkxmlswXSwaden Peter FanhatMeci: 
9. Canada, Greg Johnson miss; 14 Sweden 
Roger Hensson goal; (3-2). 

Sadden dsMB iwaioai—L Sweden Magma 
Swtcsan mis; Z Craada, Peter moved, 
miss; XSneden Prter F ta bw w wl:4CBi- 
arm Pout xraiyn mho- 
Shots on Boat Carafe T+M-gLSwodiflfr 
M-14-4 <X Goode* Conodte Cwee Hirsatie 
shotsrt) saves). Sweden. Tommy Sola (71-19). 




ducal as a medal spun, there is 
some question wtoher it will re- 
main an OKmpic cvecL 

“l jus: bops my spon doesn’t 
suffer from this week.” said Natha- 
lie Lam ben. a Canadian abo won a 
silver medal Saturday eight in the 
1.000 meters and who has been a 
critic of Turner's aggressive skat- 


idovred by Turner’s re- 
urement »ere the three new Olym- 
pic records, and the stiver medal 
performance by the United States 
in tbs men's 5.000- meter relay. Eric 
Flaim. Randall Bam, John Coyie 
and Andy Gabel provided the 
United Sales with its 13th medal 
of these Olympics, a record total 

“There was no controversy," 
said Flaim, a silver medalist in 
long-track skating at the 1988 Win- 
ter Olympics in Calgary. Nobody 
got knocked out or jumped into 
another person. It was a dean 

He spoke as if he were surprised. 
True, it did seem rare that no one 
was disqualified or called a cheat. 

Alt week there had been bad 
blood, especially among the Ameri- 
can, Chinese and Canadian women 
skaters. The enmity stemmed from 



V X L ._ . 

J)Kg MULDie KueeMel Pim 

Timer found the riding unfair — and retired from the sport. 

IFreaer.c B^takCMTkCancm.4449; 4 Martin 
J ra crasra. SwMen. 46 U; Hert 2-t. Merc 
Giaai Craafla. 4*58; X WenotasGoodi Brt)- 
0^.4440; X Lee JurvMa Sartti Korea *5.97; 4 
Srevra BrsHnry, AysnWia, );BL5L 
B Float— 1. Freier’c Blackburn. Canada. 
44.97; Z Lee Jjr.-tiz. South Korea. 4X13; X 
Manta jc o ttson. Sweeen. 4X2*; 4 Steven 
BredZurv. Auvraba. *UX 
A Float— t. One Jt-Hoon, Sourn Korea 
4345; ZMirtaVuMtrmin. (ia(y,4X47; X Nim- 
olas Goara. arltam. 4348: 4 Marc Gaonaa 
Canada 3X74. 

Jaaan. 7:19.11; Z Norway. 7:2419; X China. 
DSD; 4 New Zealand. DSQ; A naol 1. Italy. 
?:lL740tyiPPic Record (oMrerard:7:MlB); 
X United Sta*37:1X17: XAustrana7: 1248; 4 
Canada 7:2040. 

nate— Heet 1—1, Kim SoHee. South Korea 
1:37.17; XZharfl Yanmei, CMna 1:3726; X 1 to- 
belle Che rest Carafe. 1 J759; Cattiv Tumor. 
United States, DSQ; Heat 2-1. Numrtte Lom- 
Deri.Canoa3.lAS2: XOwn Lew+Cyur®. South 
Korea 1:55117; X Yang Yana China. 7:7104; 
Svtvte Dclgta. Carafe. DSQ. 

B FMat—7, isaaeile Chared. Canaaa 

A Flaak— 1. Own Lee-Krone. South Korea. 
1:3457: X NORMS* Lambert. Craada 1 ; 36.97; X 

the 3, 000-meter relay, after which 
the Chinese women were disquali- 
fied and (be Americans were 
awarded a bronze mcdaL Thursday 
night, Lambert called Turner dirty 
after Lambert clicked skates with 
Turner and fell in a preliminary 
round of the 500-meter race. 

Turner eventually won the gold 
medal defending her 1992 Olym- 
pic tide, but only after the silver 
medalist, Zhang Yanmd of China, 
complained that Turner had 
ibbed her leg and thrown her off 
ice while passing. The Chinese 
delegation filed an official protest 
Zhang stormed off the medal podi- 
um, took the medal from around 
her neck and threw down a bou- 
quet of flowers. 

After that race. Turner discov- 
ered a venomous note from a Cana- 
dian man in her electronic mad. she 
said. The message, displayed Satur- 
day night by Jack MorieQ. the U.S. 
short-track team’s leader, ended 
with tins admonishment: ‘‘From all 
Canadians, go to beU.” 

A Canadian television producer 
contacted her and apologized. 
Turner said, saying that someone 
had improperly sent the message 
under his natng. 

Still, the U.S. Olympic Commit- 
tee stepped up security for Satur- 
day’s 1,000-meter race! Tomer fell 
to one knee and was almost elimi- 
nated in the first round, then she 
was disqualified in the semifinals 

“1 think the referees thought they 
should be more severe tonight, 2 ’ 
Lambert said. 

After the disqualification. 
Turner said that the name-calling 
and protests r epr e sented “the worst 
case of sportsmanship I've ever 
seen." Then she said she was leav- 
ing short-track racing. And some 
wondered whether short-track rac- 
ing would soon be leaving the 

• Italy won the gold medal in the 
men’s 5.000-meter short-track 
_ relay by setting an 
jic record of 7:1 1.81, The As- 
sociated Press reported 

The team comprising Maurizio 
Caraino. Orazio Fagone, Hugo 
Hermhof and Mirko VuiQemun 
broke the previous mark of 7: 14.02 
set by South Korea m 1992. 

The United Slates captured the 
silver in a time of 7:1337, while 
Australia won its first Winter 
Olympics medal ever, the bronze, 
in 7:13.68. 

Chun Lee Kyung of South Korea 
won the women’s 1,000-meter 
sbort-uack title with an Olympic- 
record time of 1:36.87. The silver 
went to Nathalie Lambert of Cana- 
da in 1 :36.97, while Kim So Hee of 
South Korea took the bronze in 

Kim bad set the record that was 
broken. 1:37.17, in the semifinals. 

And Chae Ji Hoon of South Ko- 

for improperly cutting in front of a 
nth Korean s' 

South Korean skater, Kim So Hee. 

"1 don’t know what I did,” said 
Turner, adding (hat she was an ag- 
gressive skater, not a dirty skater. 
"This isn’t good for the spon.” 

Even Turner's opponents admit- 
ted that the infraction was mum', 
but the referee apparently was in 
no mood for any chicanery. 

rea set an Olympic record of 43.45 
seconds to wm the men’s 500-meter 

title. The silver went to Mirko Vuil- 
lermin of Italy in 43.47 seconds. 
Nicholas Good) of Great Britain 
d aimed the bronze with a time of 

The previous Olympic record of 
44.01 seconds was set earlier in the 
Gaines by Bjornar Elgeiun of Nor- 


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** - 


Sweden Beats Canada in Shoot-Out for Hockey Gold 

By Johnette Howard 

Washington Pan Sernce 

LILLEHAMMER - There were breathless. 

not a shred of surrender in either team noi even 

By the time the sudden- death shoot-out ai- 
nwd, Kenny Joensson of Sweden had skated 
on unsteadily aftor bong knocked unoon- 
soous, Todd Hlu&kb of fawarfa had a wicked 
made under one eye and teammate Greg John- 
son was playing with a nasty line of knitted 
Dlack stitches curling over the bridge of his nose 
like a centipede. 

This was the curtain-dosing event of the 17th 
Winter Games, one more rousing memory to 
heap atop the others made in I-iTfehanunw over 
tin last 16 days. Until Sunday, Sweden bad 
never won the ice hockey gold medal at (be 
Winter Olympics, and Canada, the cradle of the 
spoil, had not won one in 42 years. 

But somehow, rather than succumb to the 
pressure or wilt from desire, die two 
played a hockey game for the ages through 60 
throat-constricting minutes of regulation, and 
the 1 0-minute overtime, and that heart-stop- 
ping shoot-out that was ended on the seventh 
go-round by a kid center named Peter Forsberg, 
who spends much of his dime insis tin g that he'd 
rather pass than score. 

With the crowd screaming as he took the 
puck at center ice, Forsberg came bearing down 
on Canadian goalie Corey Hirsch until, near the 
goal crease, he hesitated with the puck on his 
stick for what felt like an interminable about of 

Hirsch finally flinched first when it seemed 
only four feel or so separated the two men. And 
Forsberg — stickbandling the puck right then 
left, then right again — slid an agonizingly slow 
backhand shot along the ice, just under Hirsch's 
glove just a millisecond before the glove hit ice. 

“I thought I had it," Hirsch said. 

When 19-year-old Canadian Paul Kariya 
could not answer Forsbeig's challeng e — float- 
ing a shot toward the high right comer that 
Swedish goalie Tommy Salo slapped out of the 
air with his glove — Sweden had its first-ever 
Olympic add. 3-2, and Canada settled for the 
silver medal for the second time in the last two 
Olympic Games. 

For Canada, picked to finish as low as sev- 
enth by some folks back home, the loss was 
especially disappointing because victory looked 
assured in regulation. 

After failing to dent Sweden's Salo 
the first SO minutes of regulation, the < 

ans scored twice in three minutes on sc reaming 

slapshots by Kariya, then Derek Mayer, to seize 
a 2-1 lead with 8: 17 remaining. The margin stiH 
looked good until defenseman Brad Werenka 
leveled former NHL star Mats Naslund in Croat 
of the net, then threw bade his head and winced 
in horror when referee's right arm went up 
signaling a penalty with 2:10to play. 

Sweden needed just 21 seconds to score. 

Defenseman Magnus Svensson took the 
puck in the middle of the blue 11™ and Hirsch 
— screened completely by a four-man scrum in 
front of the net — had no chance to see, let 
alone stop, the bullet that Svensson rifled by his 
right elbow and snapped back the bode of the 

“I couldn't believe it," Naslund said, stiH 
smiling two hours after the game. “When they 
scored to make it 2- 1, it looked pretty hopeless. 
I didn't think we were going to get a power-play 
chance. I didn't think the referee was going to 
call anything.” 

The overtime was much like regulation, with 
the Swedes running their breathtaking, pat- 
terned offense that relies on 

and some st riking stickhancBmg and skating, 
and the Canadians playing their grinding, 
board-crashing, dump-and-chase game. 


to score. In one 
sequence, after Forsberg roared in and missed 
wide right, Kariya took the puck end-to-end 
and blasted a shot that got by Salo but went just 
to the left of the net. 

From there it was on to the shoot-out —Eve 
designated shooters from each team taking 
turns shooting penalty shot attempts at the 
other’s goalie. If score is still tied after that — as 
it was at 2-2 — the shoot-out becomes sudden 
death and the team that scores the first unan- 
swered goal wins. 

When the sudden-death format kicked in. 
Forsberg got his second chance. It worked. 

■ in Saturday ‘s matches: 

Finland 4, Russia (h Finland won the bronze 
medal with its second shutout of Russia. 

It was the first time in its 11 Olympics that 
Russia and its predecessors — the Soviet Union 
and Unified Team — failed to win a medaL 
None of those teams had been shut out until 
Finland blanked the Russians in the second 
preliminary-round game. 

Finland’s only previous medal was a silver in 


hilfWaflViMari PrcH 

Peter Foreberg of Sweden slipping tbe puck past Canada’s Corey Hirscb in the penalty shoot-outfor tbe whuwg goal in Sunday’s final 

Czech Republic 7, Slovakia 1: It was the first 
showdown between the CSech Republic and 
Slovakia since they split apart 14 months ago, 
and the Cstrhn capitalized on defensive lapses 
to rout their former countrymen for fifth place. 

The Slovaks jumped into the lead at 2:21 of 

the first period on Miroslav Satan’s ninth j 
of the Olympics. But the Slovak defense 
feO auart, allowing three straighi breakaway 
the Czechs between 9:33 and 18:43. ' 

Germany 4, United States 3: The US. team 

capped its worn Olympic hockey tournament 
ever, finishing in eighth place. 

The. United States (1-4-3) had never done 
worse than seventh. Germany (4-4-0) beat the 
United States for die first time in eight Olympic 

Smirnov Captures 
50K Cross-Country 
For Kazakhstan 

By Christopher Clarey 

New York Tuna Soria 

been on their feet for the last fort- 
night, cheering and ignoring the 
elements, and die final day of their 
very wintry Olympics was no ex- 

More than 15,000 Norwegians 
spent the previous night in tents 
□ear the Eirkebeineren Ski Stadi- 
um, and more than 100,000 were in 
full voice Sunday for the marathon 
of cross-country skiing, the men’s 
50-kilometer classical race. 

But by tbe time the final Nordic 
event of these Games came to an 
end in this Nordic nation, the 
crowd was no longer relying on its 
lilting language. 

Instead, the Norwegians were 
chanting a single Slavic name: 
"Smirnov. Smirnov, Smirnov, 

After a decade of near misses, 
after expatriation, acclimatization 
and a lot of perspiration. Vladimir 
Smirnov of Kazakhstan finally had 
won his Olympic gold medal.' 

Smirnov'and Scandinavia could 
not have been happier. 

"This has been a dream of mine 
for many years.” said tbe 29-year- 
old Smirnov, who was born in tbe 
Soviet Union but has lived in 
Sundsvall. Sweden, since 1991. 

Smirnov's victory can* at the 
expense of Mika Myllylae of Fin- 
land. n ho took the silver medal 
and Sture Srverwcn of Norway, 
who took the bronze. It also came 
at the expense of Smirnov's Norwe- 
gian friends Bjorn Daehlie and Ve- 
gard Ulvang, who finished fourth 
and 10th. 

“I am disappointed for myself, 
but the best thing about today is 
that Vladimir finally did it.” said 
Ulvang, a triple Olympic gold med- 
alist in Albertville two years ago 
who managed only one stiver medal 

Smirnov', the World Cup leader 
coming into Lillehammer, already 
had won a silver medal in the 10- 
kilometer classical and in the com- 
bined pursuit. He also had two sil- 
vers and a bronze from the 1988 
Winter Olympics ir. Calgary. But 

until Sunday, his only major title 

had come in (he 30-kilometer race 
at the 1989 World Championships. 

The truth i* that he never expect- 
ed to make his Olympic break- 
through at this distance 



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“I have raced SO times the 50 
kilometers, but I have never had 
this kind of result,” he said. “Usu- 
ally after 42 or 43 kilometers, I start 
to get sore and fall back. But the 
surprise today was that I never had 
any problems, and the biggest sur- 
prise of all is that I got the gold 

Smirnov started 59th in the 72- 
man field and recorded the fastest 
split times at all but the fust check 
pant at 1.7 kilometers. He finished 
m 2:07:20.3, more than a minute 
better than Myllylae. 

Along the way, Smirnov was 
cheered every bit as enthusiastical- 
ly as Sivertsen, Ulvang or Daehlie. 

"Many people came up to me 
before the race to wish me luck in 
(be 50 kilometers,” Smirnov said. 
“I felt the Norwegian people were 
behind me today.” 

They have been squarely behind 
him since last year’s world champi- 
onships, when he lost a pursuit race 
to Daehlie in a photo finish after 
initially being declared the winner. 
Smirnov was inundated with letters 
from supportive Norwegians, some 
of which contained paper medals 
colored gold. Since then, be has 
begun pitching coffee on Norwe- 
gian television and continued his 
adventures with Ulvang, spending 
three weeks climbing mountains 
and riding horses with him in the 
wilds of Mongolia last summer. 

The two skiers first met at the 
World Junior Championships in 
1932 but were unable to develop a 
friendship until Smirnov left the 
Soviet in 1991. 

“You could tell he wanted to talk 
before, but it just wasn't possible 
because of politics,” Ulvang said. 
"But you become really dose on 
trips like we have made. He told me 
all about the old system, tbe Soviet 
system. He was a captain in the 
Red Army, but what was strange is 
that we had some shotguns to snoot 
birds, and Vladimir had never seen 
a gun before. He had no idea which 
way to even point iL I guess he was 
more skier than soldier in the 

Smirnov was born in Schu- 
chinsk, a mountain town that ac- 
cording to Baglan Idrissov of the 
Kazakhstan Olympic Committee is 
“so small you could not find it on 

S many maps," His parents, 
ethnic Russians, still live in 
Schuchinsk. but Smirnov, who is 
fluent in Russian, Swedish and 
German, is not fluent in the Ka- 
zakh language. 

He is, however, the first Olympic 
gold medalist in the histoiy of Ka- 

"I don't really know what goes 
on there," he said. “I rarely talk to 
our Olympic committee, but I re- 
ceived a telegram from the presi- 
dent of Kazakhstan today. It was 
the first telegram in my life that I 
ever got from a president." 

He probably never hod received 
a compliment from a prime minis- 
ter. either, but that was exactly 
what Smirnov got from Norway's 
Gro Harlem Brundtland, who ex- 
pressed what many of the thou- 
sands of people along the course 
were feeling as they chanted that 
once unfamiliar name. 

“It was,” said Brundtland, "the 
perfect ending to a great Olym- 


Athletes Think Payday : 

CoBtmued from Page I 

Jansen’s gold medal victory in the 1,000 meter& 

Norwegians Shouted encouraging cheers to a 
Japanese rider even though be was beating (me 
of their own. An exhausted Manuel a Di Ceuta 
cf Italy was lifted out erf the snow by Finland's 
Maija-Liisa Kirvesniemi, the woman she 
trounced in the grueling 30 -kitoinewr cross* 
country race. 

■But if the old jingoism is waning, the new 
matt-rinKcm jj opining ground. Olympic ath- 
letes, at Hriiet, seem to compete less for their 
flag than for their share in the marketplace. A 
victory can reap a cornucopia of cash bonuses 
arid endorsements that, even for medalists in 
minor sports, rem entity surpass a million dol- 

Nowhere is the transition toward big money 
more evident ’ban amon g the Russians. Once 
the pampered scions of the Soviet sports em- 
* pore, Russian athletes and th«r mentors now 
must struggle to raise the cash they need to 
maintain their sin g ta- mi n ded devotion to their 

Seigei Grinkov, wbo won (he gold medal with 
Ekaterina Gordeeva in pairs figure skating, says 
money has become an obsession for many ath- 
letes because standards are so high that only 
those who can devote themselves on a full-time 
basis to preparing for the Games can hope to 

“If you want to skate for a gold medal you 
cannot have another life,” Grinkov said. “There 
is no time to pursue your studies or prepare for 
Hnnthw career.” 

Many athletes from the former Soviet Union 
have chosen to live abroad, where training con- 
ditions are better and endorsement possibilities 
greater. The Ukrainian figure skater Victor Pe- 
trenko spends most of his time in the United 
States; the pole vaulter Sergei Bubka resides in 
Germany and says he is moving to France. 
Kazakhstan's Vladimir Smirnov, a cross-coun- 
try rider who was bom in Siberia, is preparing 
to adopt Swedish nationality. 

Unlike them, Grinkov says be has no plans to 
move abroad. Even if Moscow’s streets are no 
longer as safe as they used to be, and athletes 
are temp rin g targets for criminals seekin g a cut 
of Ibar foreign currency earnings, Grinkov says 
he cannot bear the thought of abandoning his 

native ra pital 

■ "We get lots of offers to live and train in 
Europe and the United States, but I feel really 
comfortable in Moscow,” he said. "1 just make a 
point of not keeping my money there.” 

But Grinkov says he wffl strive to build on his 
global celebrity through professional tours after 
the Games. His gold medal helped secure a 
contract with the ice-skating impresario Tom 
Collins for 65 appearances across the United 

Vi tali Smirnov, the head of Russia's Olympic 
Committee, says he welcomes the fact that 
“there is a lot more emphasis in the Olympics 
these days on business rather than nationalism 
or patriotism.” 

With the government budget so stretched 
that the once-powerful Sports Ministry has 
been abolished, raising money has become' a 
major preoccupation in Russia. 

Smirnov says that thanks to Reebok's gener- 
ous sponsorship, an Olympic lottery and shops 
selling $20,000 a day worth cf Olympic para- 
phernalia, the Russians managed to send an 
impressive team that — against the odds — won 
the largest number of gold medals. 

“We also have won something that is very 
important for Russians — independence from 
government control” Smirnov said. "We are 
learning to survive in the marketplace so that we 
do not have to rely any mare on the central 

'1 us what to 

^ Lie AbowJ/Pk AHDcawl ftc* 

Vladimir Snumov working Simday toward tbe gold medaL Finland finished second, and Norway third 

. ■■ ■■ 

hBctd Ecfa/Ibc ABodmd Pm 

Bjorn Daehlie of Norway collapsing after crossing 
tbe finish fine in the 50-kfloroeter race at Biricebein- 
eren SkiStedran to finish fen fourth place. Tens of 
thousands of Norwegian supporters were on hand. 

To Green and White Norway, With Thanks 


By George Vecsey 

New York Tima Sernce 

L ILLEHAMMER — Put on my last Hawaiian floral 
shirt, my spiffiest pair of chinos and loafers with no 
socks and sauntered over to the figure-skating arena. 
There was a sign on the door. All the Lovely European 
Female Skaters Have Gone Home. You Go Home, Too. 
Dirty Old Man. 

Actually, there was no sign like tbal but I did get the 
feeling the 1994 Winter Games had taken on a new tone. 
They had gate outdoors on me. Well, it was never too 

late to sample the 

other side of the Win- 
ter Games. For 15 Va™9° 

days, all of us on the Point 


sana- Katarina watch had seen only indoor ice. Now it 
was time to see outdoor snow. I was going to sample one 
of Norway’s greatest sporting passions, toe 50-kOomeur 
crosscountry skiing. 

Dug out the fur hat. Figured out how to tie it Dug out 
the thick mittens. Dug out tbe ski pants. Dug out the 
insulated inner socks. Dug out the chapslick. Dug out 
the silk loogies. Took abas up the mountain. 

While the driver was down-shifting his way up the 
switchbacks, I reflected on these Gama. 1 puretnaab 

marveiSr ooef 'Sib^fhe fluenTway NofwsgSiM 
speak English. I remembered the mix of common sense 
and competence that permeated every dealing: the po- 
lice officers wbo allowed me into parking lots where I 
did not officially belong; the desk clerks who solved ray 
every problem; the telephone expert who put a new code 
in my computer so I could dial from my room; the old 
fisherman in Hamar who wrote down "perch" and 
“trout" foe ail tbe foreigners wbo trekked out on the ice, 

iodine. My hamstring muscles ached from watc hing 
them. There was an Estonian, a Spaniard, a Bulgarian, a 
Czech, a Latvian. Hcy-faey-hey-hey, tbe fans chanted. 

I rootted half a dozen insulated green mats, looking 
like the turf infields at hideous American domed stadi- 
ums. On the mats was a group from Oslo, looking like 
people spending a Sunday at Jones Beach. They had 
sunglasses on, a couple of layers of clothing, but they 
looked warm and happy. They were grilling hot dogs, hot 
water in a kettle, and Listening to the radio, where the 
local PM Rizzuto was probably sending out birthday 
greetings to little old ladies in Trondheim and Bergen. 

“He is giving tbe times," said Tqje OpsahL 

“He is saying who is riding wefl," said Jon Ame 

“We came up yesterday," said Trono Samscth. 

“We ate in a restaurant last night,” said Birger Ostby. 

1 assumed they were all rooting for Bjorn Dahlie and 
Vegard Ulvang, the two main Norwegian hopes, but they 
said they were rooting for Vladimir Smirnov, who repre- 
sents Kazakhstan, and is a good pal of Ulvang. But why 

would they root for a Russian-speaking skier? 

“We've got enough medals of our own,” said Ole 
Christian ! 

’ said Lilly Krahn-NydaL 
e Nor 

“Smirnov tries very hard," 

They seemed to epitomize the Norwegian sense of 
modesty and fair play I have been encountering for two 
weeks, the attitude that made them love Johann Olav 
Koss, the speed&ater who gave his bonus money to 

Even though they may not draw the hefty 
endorsements earned by their U.S. peers, Rus- 
sia's athletes were awarded a 515,000 check 
from (heir Olympic committee — the same as 
for U.S. athletes — for every gold medal. 

Smirnov believes the gradual takeover of the 
Olympics by profesrianal athletes is a healthy 
tr end , 

“People today are interested in seeing the 
best athletes in the world, regardless of where he 
or she comes from,” Smirnov said “The return of 
professional figure skaters is good for the specta- 
tors and the sport. Having the American Dream 
Team play basket baD in the Barcelona Games 
made tbe sport more popular than ever.” 

The global celebrity of tbe athletes has be- 
come a critical dimension of the Olympic mar- 
keting phenomenon. Even before the Harding- 
Kerrigan controversy boosted viewer interest, 
the Winter Games were assured of success be- 
cause a record 100 nations agreed to televise the 
Olympics for a cumulative audience of 10 bil- 
lion people. 

In dedicating tbe Lillehammer Gaines to the 
memory of Sarajevo, the besieged Bosnian capi- 

Games. the 



tal 10 years after it was host of the 
International Olympic Committee's president, 
Juan Antonio Samaranch, said he wanted to 
instill real meaning into the ancient Greek no- 
tion of an Olympic truce. 

The end of the Cold War may have curtailed 

world a safcTplacfc Nobody 
knows it better than the nine athletes from 
Bosnia-Herzegovina, who risked sniper fire and 
other perils to get to the Gomes. Even though 
they won no medals, earned no money and have 
no hopes of becoming rich through endorse- 
ments, the Bosnian athletes have cherished their 
stay in tins oasis of brotherhood perhaps more 
than anyone dse. 

“Just having a couple of weeks to enjoy 
. For aD then sltinmEngfishNonwHians did appreciate peaceful surroundings in the company of the 
when we teamed a few words of their language. Fm going world’s best athletes is a victoiy in itself," said 
to use my tiny Kt of Norwegian me last tune, Ibsen takk. Izet Baracic, a 28-year-old Bosnian bobsledder 

dCiim it U -.i - _ _r jb • H 

our morbid preoccupation with Our Yank, Tc 
ding. They locked healthy and happy in the frij 

1 hiked back toward the stadium, and socn the leaders 
began heading for the finish line. The fans cheered every 
skier. Their loudest cheers were for Smirnov winning the 
gold medal but they stayed for the other skim coming in 
late. Hey-hey-hey-bey. 

As the bus inched its way down the mountain, I 
realized I have never appreciated winter more. Back in 
New York, winter is the enemy, but here it is a trusted 
friend, a beautiful companion. Whenever I think of 
Winter Games, I will always dose my eyes and picture the 
whites and greens of Norway. They could hold 'em here 
every four years, as far as ! am conconed. 

Thank you wry much. 

"Even if it is something of an Ulusum/ 

Moments to Remember 

liMentno (g 

oiler of the 

Mjosa below me, the other mountains in the distance, the 
while birch trees and green pine trees and lush mounds of 
snow, inifl dean after two weeks of no fiesh snow. The bus 
stopped on a plateau, and the stadium was packed with 
nearly 20,000 spectators, but there were trails leading 
farther up, past tents that have been there for two weeks. 
There were campfires smouldering, although officials 
were trying to put out the fires, wfceep the smoke from 
getting into the skiers’ lungs. 

1 hiked a kilometer or two without seeing the course. 
Maybe this was like (he rowing races at Healey, where it is 
posable to spend a July afternoon without ever seeing the 
lovely Iris River. But there on a bluff I ay»ld set the 

Shortly after 10. people started chanting “Hey-hey- 

hey-bey, and single skiers began zipping iher way up the 

Lee Angles Timer Service 

LILLEHAMMER » Lasting memories 
of tbe 17tb Winter Olympics, Lulehammer 

• Tbe absurdity of 250 reporters 
in an auditorium at I A.1VL, lister 
Mike Moran and Harvey SdnUer 
UJS. Olympic Committee reading the news 
releases the reporters hadjust been handed 
on Tonya Harding’s being allowed to skate 
in the Games. 

•That lung-searing first breath when 
you step outdoors on a deceptively sunny 
winter morning. 

• The absurdity of hundreds of report- 
ers. photographers and television crews 
waiting to catoi a glimpse of Tonya Har- 
ding after her arrival in Hamar. 

• All those moose-crossing signs, and 
not one moose sighted. 

• The realization that there are 7*353 
ways of roparing salmon — and tiuu Nor- 
wegians nww every om of them. 

• The human -humbling view of the rag- 
gedly handsome Norwegian counnysde. 

• The touching right of aerial skier Nikki 
Stone, who had just missed qualifying for the 
finals herself, hugging ana comforting a 
weeping Kristean Porter, who had messed 
up her chance by landing on ber face. 

•Thousands of happy Norwegians — 
waving flags, singing, cheering, trying to 
run with die skiers — at race after race at 
the cross-country stadium. 

• The absurdity of Tonya. Harding's 
conference that only questions deemed ap- 
propriate by her woolo be answered. ■■ 

• Joe Longman of the New York Times 
promptly adcing Hording, why, since she 
bod lied to reporters about smoking ciga- 
rettes and to the FBI about her knowledge 
of the attack on Nancy Kerrigan, anyone 
should believe anything she said. 

• The look of relief on Dan Jansen's face 
daughter, after finally winning his Olympic 
goldin the 1,000 meters. 

... So, mfjo Olympics. Adjo L31eh*m- 
raer. Atgo Norway. Thanks for inviting us. 

Expanding the IOC Market 
Big Factor in Picking Sites 

Wartitigron Part Service 

LILLEHAMMER —The cultivation of new maricets has become a 

leading factor in the choice of Olympic host cities. Beijing was a prime 
contender for the 2000 Summer Games —before bang passed over in 
favor of Sydney — because the IOCs president, Juan Antonio 
Samaranch, wanted to bring the Games to a fifth of humanity. 

SimUariy, Use rite of Nagano, Japan, was chosen for the 1998 
Winter Olympics because many IOC members are eager to expand 
interest in the winter sports to Asia and theTTurd World. This veral 
half-dozen Caribbean countries sent bobsled teams and Seneml 
represented by the first black African skier in tbe Olympics, 

“Nearly all of the previous Winter Olympics have taken place in 
Europe or North America. Now there is a strong push to make these 

***** *™*<**« 
By staggering the Olympics —with Winter and Summer Game® 

.*•» years apart-tite IOC hopes that the winter sportswS 
a stronger identity and expand its domain beyond 


Western ski resdm. 

beyond chic 



/ r 4 





Pa^e 17 


:■£; -;4s . 




! ' h . 

• ‘ H. 


v By Ian Tlwmsqi > v ; 

International HcraM TfUriate •:[ ‘ ; - 

T rr r.KH AMMER^-Tbe&« skie ssaiia c 
through, tec- o£-t bem. bobbing and driving 
nvp.rrta pistons ofa smgfc eqglw 5 -’ Their 
aafirmn -was a disco 
vaaoa of "Pomp and CStbimstanc^" tile 
song of graduations ^aDd^gbw^esu li whs; 
thumping from titeJondspeikers and athou- 
^ndNorwecan flags' woe Whipping crscdly 
in theristiH afternoon. ' - • 

. and 

fatten out of the sky. The cydt of rcplenisb.- 
. meat coded Sunday. Jut an bour after the 
men’s 50-lritomcter clas si cal. the fin^i race, 

Valley, a Ringing Goodbye to LiUehammer 

_ Tl«jy became 

normalpeopte again, wh2e all around teem 
the crovfeonUworfthrmoantam^ 
thaw.lbe auwtfe woe dressedinbbic and. 
. and predo minan tly Ted,' th$ : 

Coilj mr-Mf 1 "" 1 w uiaiiwj .iuM y ^ wp* » ** y pp * >" ~ - 

leave the 17th WimerOlyHgric Games and 

drainflwnsdves dovraibcmcwntamassorer 
ly as toe snow will mdt tou spring.. 

- They, had been upJxpeimmostoi,ffaehst 
16 days to support and drive forward the 

cross-coon try eventual liDdiaduncr Olym- 
pic Bait Mtl» end of each ra^tit^ would 
vanish from, the coarse ; only to j^lorish; 
iheanarives the next morning like something 

'gathered around the giant TV 


*njeir excuse was to see whether Alberto 
Tomba might win Ms gold ma tfat in the 
stelam They watched H turn from gold to 
sdver as Thomas Stangassinger of Austria 
beat Tomba. Then they gave one last big 
cheer to Vladimir Smirnov of Kazakhstan, 
the 5Q-fan goJd medalist whose victory they 
supported, with flags and bells as if he was 
Norwegian. The sincerity of Norwegian 
sportsmanship has been beyond question, 
which implies a sentimentality to the Olym- 
pics and what they stand for. Clearly this was 
not on exercise in nationalism for them, as the 
. last floe of them moved toward the hill lead- 
ing down the mountain. 

Outside the stadhun was the kind of good- 
bye that Disney gives — a band and two 
choirs to serenade than toward the food and 
souvenirs, because this is their last chance to 
buy. The second choir stood upon a snow- 
bank ringing something about the “spring- 
time that males the lopdy winter seem longr 
The crowd moved beneath the ringing in a 

mumble and the danking erf a single cowbell, 
and the path curled them around so that they 
could not avoid passing one last time the bare 
skeleton of tbezr empty stadium. 

From around a comer of trees came the 
warm smell of a campfire. People wbo had 

cowbefl seemed to be ringing everywhere all 
of the way down the mountain, and there 
were no guns that could be seen. There were 
no guns as more than 100.000 people with 
money in their pockets were swaying and 
bumping shoulders along paths locked clean 

Then they gave one last big cheer to Vladimir 
Smirnov of Kazakhstan . The sincerity of Norwegian 
sportsmanship has been beyond question, which 
implies a sentimentality for the Olympics and what 
they stand for. Clearly this was not an exercise in 
nationalism for them, as the last floe of people moved 
down the mountain. 

walked a fittle but now weren't ready to say 
goodbye had tom fir branches frera the axes 
and were sitting on them like cushions upon 
ihe snow. They looked up absently at the 
majority filing past. Most of the moving 
crowd were fitted with backpacks. A single 

by the people who had gone down before 

Alter five years of planning and deep- 
seated fears, the Olympics bad blurred past in 
16 days like the skiers of the morning. The 
people shout their goodbyes to the skiers, but 

who says farewell to the people? For the 550 
employees and U,000 volunteers who orga- 
nized the stadiums and the places to stand, 
the miehammer Olympic Organizing Com- 
mittee has offered ihe services of psychia- 
trists and seminars to help them deal with a 
mission that builds like a glacier and vanishes 
like ice into the sea. For the 21.000 people 
who live in LiUehammer, it is a relief to know 
that the paths and the streets are yours again, 
but accompanying that must be a sense of 
melancholy id realize that you arc, in a sense, 
walking down the mountain for the last tune. 

Up high on the mountain, where everyone 
feds lonesome, you could see them taking in 
the view as if (Hey would never see it again. 
They were saying goodbye with steadfast 
eyes. At the bottom of a hill with the first 
view of Lake Mjosa sat more than 100 people, 
most of them drinking coffee, the steam es- 
caping them like chimney smoke. They 
shared the hQl with six sheep. which stood 
inside a small wood barn and blinked out the 
open door at the (low of people down the faiZL 

A mug of warm nun was being passed 
among a group of young men. They offered 
some to a stranger, they laughed at the sheep 
and then they led the way down the moun- 
tain. Suddenly it was steep. They were slip- 

ping and tripping over trees and sliding down 
thdr backs, toughing, and their noise seemed 
to echo around them until everyone was 
lau ghing . It was a thick forest, and every- 
where you looked were the patient trees and 
the people giggling like children. 

The woods fed mto 3 . roa d and the people 

w. The 

founded out happily, dusted in snow 
road fed them a view of the Olympic flame, 
with only a few hours of life remaining here. 

They could see the dty now, and some work- 
ers behiM 

ad a wire fence inflating balloons 

shaped like doves for the closing ceremony 
Sunday night 

From higher up they had been able to see a 
few thin mere of people working across j 
snowy clearing. Now they themselves were 
the last legs of that river. It spilled onto a road 
and zigzagged down into town, which is a 
series of founds all leading down to the train 
station. There must have been thousands of 
people boarding the trains to leave a place so 
beautiful and clean that even the most power- 
ful global influences cannot ruin it. 

On their wav down they sought to fix 
everything to memory, which made the last 
day of the Olympics the quietest day, crying 
to remember it as it was before it was washed 
away forever. 

• ToBest’ 

Games Ever 



" UDUEBA MMER — The town . 
- bade a proud farewell to toe .“best 
Olympic .^finter Gaines eves’* on 
1 Sunday with a sparkling dosing 
ceremony tinged by sadness far, the 
, shattered 01)mpicdty of Sarajevo! 
A crowd" of/40,000, and an esti- 
mated 2 hffion tdeviston - viewers 
. weridwide^watefoidas the Narwfr 

to”the Japanese •a^^hlaganp, 

. which wiffst^a the. 1998 Games. . 

Wirindsand lasers flam 16 days 
, of orenpetitiosi casing, the flags 
. of 67 commies, streamed, into the 
• .rid jump arena for the final-show. ■ 
Bui before tor fireworks and a 


: recalled the shattered 1 
, host dty-^andrilaimed same ared- 

- it for the entreat trace in Bosnia. 

"Dear Sarajevo, wo do not forget 
you," saidthelnteinarional Olyat- 
-pioCommiUeepreadent, JuanAn- 
^tonio Samaranch, , as he formally 
dosed die Games. “We wiH contm- 
oe tasKppcuf you." •_ — . 

. ; “After many horrors, tberifoa- 
. ti^iK>w?eems,to beinq>roym& T ' 
he added. tLct us- hepe- that (Ms 
. truce rrlo.'whfch, mom orot very 
lhmted way, we may have contrib- 
uted — • letua hope^that this crace- 
. will tent into testing peace.” - ‘ 

*• TbeflO-mtaitetoowwaalessfar- 
mal bntnokss spectacular, than the 
. icQy hanntmgdirolay dim; opened 

- the Games on VckJZ , - • - 

Altbot^hNorways rich. folk, cul- 
ture and its eternal feattfe with tfie 
faces afiuurire were ^m at the 
. fore, the daring eenanany showed 
the human topch that had made the 
coMeri-evtt Whiter tSiurieS ao spe- 
cial for fans, 

the^ac^ of were 

; someof the Gameri great names. " 
:. The United Stales chose Dan 

Tomba Steals Thunder, 

Stangassinger Gets Gold 

ABwaleo Tomba <rf Italy edebrating with Nonve^ian fans after las secood-place finish in the slalom. In the Gist nm, he had come in 12tk 

- his fourth Garnet 

Norway also' chose a speed skat-* 
en JcdianaOtevKoss^. wiw wonth- 
ree golds m three w«ld-record- 

- J»eaking outings on the ict . 

MooKjfia chose a speed skater as 
. wefl: Toe short-tract Aster Bab 
. chuhmn Bat-OipLwhoimssedthe 
opening ceremony because he (fid 
■not knowhe had quafified, was iris 
country’s sole, competitor at the 

LiDehatpmedg green-vdtite mes- 

- sage wasnotfragottest Tte mayor, 

Andnn Tron, sentoff a six-member 
team of dog rieddere on a 1 8-month 
journey across Siberia to ddiver an 
enviranmeatal message, to the Na- 
gano oig aage r&r - W - ■ - 

After Samaraodi’s -formal dos- 
ing dedaration came ihe ram ar- 
tistic part, of the ritew. GtenCTrcifis 
and CTil Nordic sprites stalked the 
stage and the arena was bathed in a 

And 40,000 flashfight% cadi of 
them inserted “Ranetnba’Sange* 
vo" were pbiritea ib^the dey to re- 
mind rite world of the honors of 
the Bosnian war. . 

Bto the evemsg bekmgsd to the 
people of lifidhabmer, wham Sa- 
maranch described as *the real 

winners of these magic Games.”. Gennany-Ys crew 

Germany’s Czudaj 
Wins in 4-Man Sled 

Ctxnptfcd by Our Staff From Diapateka 

L1LLEHAMMER — Germany- 
Holed by Harald Cmdaj, bdd 
a hard durge Sunday by Gus- 
tav Weder in Switzerland- 1 and 
won the gold medal in the four- 
man bobsled. 

Germany-1, drives by Wolfgang 
Hqope, won the broom. 

Ciudaj, who entered the day 
with a shin lead of 1 2-hundred tbs 
of a second over the Swiss star, lost 
part of it on the first run. Weder. 
wbo bad the fastest time of the day 
on each run, closed to within .09 
second of the lead, racing down the 
16- turn Hunderfossen track in 
52,04 seconds the first time down. 

But Weder, master of the come- 
back, was failed this time and bad 
to settle for silver after winning the 
last week in the two-man. AJ- 
Weder posted the fastest 
time again on the final ran, 52.13 
seconds, Czudaj followed in 52.16 
for a final time of 3 minutes, 27.78 
seconds — six-hundredths better 
than Weder. 

“It’s wild, 1 didn't believe we 
could do it,” Czudtg said. “I want 
to thank all the people who stood 
by me during the hard times.” 

Czudaj was referring to the dis- 
closure that he had reported on 
teammates to the Stari, the former 
East Germany’s secret police, when 
he competed for that country. He 
was kept on the German team ai 
the 1992 Albertville Games after 

officials determined that his con- 
duct had not banned anyone. Bui 
he finish sixth. 

Hoppe ended thud for his record 
28th medal in international compe- 
tition and 12th in the Olympics. A 
double gold medalist 10 yens ago at 
Sarajevo, Hoppe had identical runs 
Sunday of 52.14 seconds and was 
23 seconds off the lead. 

After the faflure to get any medal 
in the two-man for the first time 
since 1964, tire performances by 
Czudaj and Hoppe came as a major 
relief to tire German camp. 

“Whining tire four-man event af- 
terTO years is the greatest achieve- 
ment since we have been working 
together,” said the team’s bead 
coach, Raimund Bethge. 

Brian Shimer, pilot of USA-2, 
was disqualified before the heats 
began because his runners were too 

Dudley Stokes, pilot of Jamaica- 
1, made bis third run is 5239 sec- 
onds, 10th fastest and 38-hun- 
dredths of a second better than 

Randy Will of USA-I. 

Stokes, 18th the first day, toot ed 
up to 14th and beat Will by one- 
hundredth of a second — a huge 
accomplishment It was Jamaica’s 
best Olympic showing. 

The Jamaicans were the butt of 
jokes when they crashed in their 
Whiter Games debut at Calgary on 
their third run in 1988. 

(AP, Reuters ) 

Bv Han ey Araton 

.V*k- yijrA Times Service 

OYER — Tomba being carried 
on the shoulders of local women in 
gorgeous Norwegian sweaters. 
Tomba being pulled in a sled, like 
the monarch of the mountain, 
Tomba grabbing an Italian flag 
from his fans and running wild in 
the snow. Tomba doing a front 
body flip, landing firm cm his feet. 

What better, more appropriate 
way could there be for a stunning 
alpine program, and Alberto Tom- 
ba*s record-setting Olympic career, 
to reach a dramatic end? 

Tomba did not win the gold 
medal Sunday in the men’s slalom, 
but he did steal the last Olympic 
show. Just when it looked like he 
had failed to become the fust al- 
pine racer to win medals in three 
Olympics, the legend of La Bomba 
roared co life, and down the Hafjell 
course. The man with tire perma- 
nent five o'clock shadow came 
through with a bum of one o'clock 

From 12th place after the morn- 
ing run. from a healthy 1.84 sec- 
onds behind, Tomba somehow 
overtook everyone but the leader. 
Thomas Stangassineer of Austria, 
wto won the gold over Tomba by 
15-hundredths of a second. 

Tombas medal was the fifth of 
his Olympic career, a six-year run 
through Calgary, Albertville and 
Lillehamnttr concluding with three 
golds and two silvers. He goes 
home Monday a happy man. 

“Fantastic,” be said. “It seems to 
he some kind of record, to go from 
12th to second. I’m really proud of 

Sundays tale of Tomba was remi- 
niscent of (he slalom two years ago 
at Albertville, when he made up 
1:58 in the afternoon rim to finish 
second behind Fmn Christian Jagge 
of Norway. He detected a pattern of 
woeful morning runs, directly relat- 
ed to his customary lack of sleep, (or 
one reason or another. 

This time. Ire said it was not 
because be was out partying with 
four women until 2 AM., or was 
that two women until 4 AM? He 
desperately wanted to go out in 
style, not as he did in giant slalom 
Thursday, when he ran 13th in tire 
first run and failed to finish the 
second He just oould not sleep. 

“Nine-thirty, this is really early 
in the morning,” he said. “It is very 
difficult for me.” 

He was first down the hill in the 
morning run, in 1:02.84. and soon 
he would be discounted as a medal 
candidate, as racers passed him by 
in a blur. 

Stangassinger. a 28-year-old vet- 
eran from outside Salzburg, was 
almost a full second ahead of Kjetii 
Andre Aamodt of Norway. Jagge 
was fifth, 1.16 behind. 

As for for threat of a Tomba 
rally, Stangassinger, with aO due 
respect, would not have bet his life 
on it “He was two seconds be- 
hind,” be said. “I thought he could 
take one second, not more than 

Between runs. Tomba decided to 
go for broke. The day was frigid 
and the top of the course, through 
the first group of gates, was a fret- 

ful sheet of ice. The bottom was 
heavier snow, which required 
sharp-edged skis to cut a line and 
make up time. 

“I had no choice,” Tomba said. 
“1 was really going for it” 

He chose' a different set of skis, 
with sharper edges that would cre- 
ate a greater risk of slipping turning 
through the gates at tire top. 

Sure enough, Tomba nearly went 
down around (he second gate, 
stunting his advancement momen- 
tarily. But once steadied, he began 
to generate momentum and speed. 
By the middle of his run, his risk 
began to pay off. He blasted 
through tire bottom of the course 
and to the finish line in 5933, for a 
two-run time of 2:02. i 7. 

Patrick Siaub of Switzerland was 
more than two seconds late and 
Jagge 1.02 too slow. Thomas Sy- 
kora of Austria was a victim of the 
ice, missing the fourth gate. 

There were three skiers left, 
starting with Peter Roth of Germa- 
ny. Tomba was suddenly one slip 
or lesser time away from a medal. 

Roth’s dream died between tire 
second and third gales, when he 
went down. The giant video screen 
flashed Tomba, dazed, delirious. 
His fan dub with their banners 
spaced through the largely Norwe- 
gian crowd was wild. Their man 
could do no worse than thud. 

He was only 80-hundredths of a 
second in toe lead, with 11 racers 
still to come. 

Tomba ripped off his goggles 
and looked back at his time on tire 
scoreboard. Then be waved both 

hands in disgust “I was not very 

pleased,” he said. “1 didn't believe ! 
could get a medal.” 

None of the next three skiers 
came close to Tomba, as « became 
apparent that he had set a blister- 
ing pace from the middle of the 
course down. A tough Slovenian. 
Jure Kosir, pulled up 36-hun- 
dredths short of Tomba. and that, 
ultimately, would be good enough 
for the bronze. 

Aamodt. going for his fourth 
medal of his home country Olym- 
pics but still without a gold] was up. 
The Norwegian fans reared, but not 
far long. Aamodt went down and 
out less than 15 seconds into his run. 

Stangassinger was all that stood 
between Tomba and gold. 

“I didn't know Alberto’s lime,” 
Stangassinger said. All he could 
think of was getting through the 
ice. He, too, stumbled around the 
second gate. But once back on now. 
he felt confident that he had 
enough space between himself and 
Tomba, which be did, barely. 

Stangassinger and Kosir were 
also carried off the pedestals by the 
focal folk, but most eyes were fixed 
on Tomba, wanting one final look. 

Bnc Anf&farthf A u a a aud Pros. 

After wirating the bronze in the slalom, Katja Korea had a victory 
roll in the snow with her Slovenian teammate, Alenka Dovzan. 




UtelJMi m rimW 
airing Conmnuce 

; T& 





, pected, and sprat less, . . 

“We fori we have succeeded in 

‘ dmng thc Olyinpics in the Norwe- 
.* gate way, with a boson 

■ sad GfdHn3Hciber& president d 
\ the committee. 

The Ganres drew abom2ridHon 
- visitors^ mariy half the population 
1 Of Norway. Eighty-eight percent of 

■ Ihe tickets were sdd, breaking tire 
; Ofymprexecord of 83 percept set flt 

tire lis Arocies Olympics in i 984. 
Pettfir Roenningen, LOOCs 

iion kroner ($5' 

on the Games, not counting related 

■ improvements in the Lihehainmer 
Tegtoo. It received needy 3 kroner 
, from sponsors and the sale of TV 

zi^zsasd. ikiete. " ' 

- \Both figures were better than 
budgeted, Heiberg said. The Nor- 
wegian govmmwnt will make up 
the operating doBdt of about 975 

■ criUkm kroner/ 

. -A survey published Sunday in 
the-new^>aper Dagbladet showed 
that 56 percent tee Norwegians 

i -p pjhteni jo a neatly tron- 

; \jkxahnao natkm- 

ai atttfyp y ready when Oksana 

gfl KU T*VU Ufv iWlUMi j 

! ingtitet, : Amerttba<rfteeltom»--. 

• an team provided a cassette of the 

* anthem. so tee medals ceremony 
'•couH tatepiaoe. 

TiPehariancr's mayor-teat the town 
shauM tad far the 2010 Games. 
Twenty«vea perceril wro against 
. and the rest undecided. 

.-On the other hand,' tire Dagbla- 
riet poll showed, that just 1 percent 
of Norwegians rated toe women's 
figure skating as the most codling 
event, it the Olympics. Their 
dtofce:, Thc mcn s IftOO&meier' 

speed-skating race, in which Nor- 
way’s Johann Olav Koss smashed 

the world record. 

• The skates with which Koss set 
his three world records have been 
auctioned off on tdenson for 
180,000, with the money to go to 

Nila Kapoor, the spokeswoman 
.for the Norwegian charity, said this 
took tee total raised during the 16- 
> day LiOdiaanner Games to nearly 
$33 miPiom. 

. • Hanes, the U3. dothing com- 
pany, airlifted 47 cases of under- 
wear to tee Gaines after CBS Trie- 

virion reported that thousands of 
writers were unable to get their 
underwear washed became of a 

Schneider Makes Alpine History With 5th Medal 

By Ira Berkow 

Hew York TSiwe* Sftviw 

OYER, Norway — When Vreni 
Schneider of Switzerland looked 
down the steep, sonny mountain 
from her starting position, the fin- 
ich fine and her medal chances in 
the women's slalom seemed quite a 
distance away. 

are was in fifth place after the 
fim run Saturday morning, 68- 

himdredihs of a second behind tee 

leader, Katja Keren of Slovenia, a 

big margin. Now she faced tire final 

her arch-rival, Pemilla Wibefg of 
Sweden, who was second after the 
first run and who last week had 
beaten her for the gold in the com- 
bined; from tire 18-year-old Korea, 

and from Hfriede Eder of Austria 
and Garbriela Zinger of Switzer- 
land, wbo were also ahead of her 
1 run. 

of us kqjt ranembttmg 
what our mothers bad told us as 
children, ‘Never go out without 
f fcm underwear,’ ” said fim DeR- 
ose, president of retail operations 
at Hanes. 

1UU, •»»»“ . 

pk career. If she could win a — 
Olympic medal, it would make her 
the most decorated female skier in 
Olympic Alpine history. 

T didn’t fed I could make tire 

^JbeScnSrat,’’ sbesS^utl 

al so knew it was not impossible." 
She faced stiff competition from 

Schneider, 29, had won gold 
medals in the slalom and giant sla- 
lom in the 1988 Calgary Olympics, 
and in these Games she had won a 
stiver in tire combined and a bronze 
in the giant slalom. But as sbe pre- 
pared to make her second run,* the 

race most dearly in her mind took 
b. 5 at 

cm Feb. 5~at Sara Nevada, 

_ r There, tee was behind by a 

huge margin and skied to victory. 

“J thought of that." tee said, 
“and realized I could do the same 
tiung here. I was nervous when I 
broke out from tire start, but l said 

to myself, ’Attack the gates, attack, 
attack, attack!’ ” 

And she did. “Sometimes, when 
Tm going down tire dope, 1 have a 
feeling made erf how fast I’m going. 
When the gates come up to meet me, 
I know Tm going too slow. When I 
attack the gales, I am going fast,” 

And on the second nut? 

“1 went so hard f was unpre- 
pared when the finite line came 
up," she said. “Before I knew it tee 
race was over." 

She was delighted when tee saw 
ha time on the scoreboard. It was 
5633 seconds, tix fastest of tee 
day. Her total of 1:56.01 sent her 
into first place. 

While seven women have won 
wo gold medals in Alpine skiing, 
none had won three until 
Schneider. This was also Switzer- 
land’s first Alpine Olympic victory 
since 1988. 

Eder took tee salver medal 34- 

hundredtlts of a seared behind. 
Korea won the bronze, beam 

out Wibefg by seven-hundred 
a second. It w 

was Slovenia’s second 
medal in these Olympics. 

When Korea saw what she had 
done, she jumped into tee arms of 
her teammate, Alenka Dovzan. who 
had wire a bronze last Monday in 
the Alpine combined Tbc two wom- 
en rotted in the snow together with 
joy. “It is our tradition,” said Karen. 

The medals at these Games 
made up for Schneider's disap- 
pointments in the 1992 Albertville 
Olympics, in which she fell in the 
giant slalom and managed a poor 
seventh in the slalom. 

Although she conceded teat 
1992 had bent a painful experi- 
ence, she said that one must learn 
to accept defeat “It is part of our 
job," she said. 

There was also a poignant signif- 
icance to Ed er’s medal the first 

women's Alpine skiing medal for 
Austria in these Olympics. 

“1 felt it was very important for 
(hit team, and for me, to win.” tee 
said, “because of our memory of 

Ulrike Maier, at 26 and consid- 
ered tire “skiing mom" of the Aus- 
trian team, was killed on Jan. 29 in 
a downhill race when she ran into a 
timing device on tee course. 

“I was home when I heard this," 
said Eder. “and everything just 
went black in my head. It was un- 
believable." She was so devastated 
that she said tee considered quit- 
ting skiing. 

“Iflli meant very much to me,” 
tee said. “She was very nice, and I 
looked up to her. Bui I remembered 
that Uui was a fighter. And 1 
thought I must fight. In life, yon 
have to keep on fighting, do matter 



Page 18 


6 Cubans: Low-Overhead Salsa a Cappella 

By Mike Zwerin 

fnienuukmal Refold Tribune 

P ARIS — Making music in a place and under condi- 
tions where it cannot earn great material wealth or 
widespread fame is a generalized version of a blind person 
playing the piano. The principal reward is the doing of iL 
Twenty-three-year-old Renfc Banos of Grupo Sampling 
says that a lot of Cuban musi cians of his generation look 
at it this way. The moadans who wanted to make money 
defected to North America. Those who wanted to make 
music stayed in Cuba. They have bad no commercial 
pressure to speak of for generations. You are not tempted 
to sell out where there is no currency to earn, nothing to 
buy anyway and just about nothing else to do. 

Sooner or later the new Cuban music is bound to 
explode. Too many young “legends'* are mentioned, more 
every year. Even Irakere and Los Van Van have been 
renewed with young personnel. GonzaJo Rubai caba be- 
came a global star despite the blockade. So much energy is 
being invested in the making of good music in a country 
with a boundful tradition. It's just a matter of time. 

Grupo Sampling is the most recent example. Banos 
says: “Cuban music is invading the world We travel a lot, 
we can fed people responding to iL I'm talking about 
music made in Cuba, where the environment is rich.” 

The adjective “rid f to describe Cuba may seem inappro- 
priate. But listening to Grupo Sampling, you bear an 
overpowering lush and vivid spirit, far from the otherwise 
drab and even hopeless image the country in general cur- 
rently evokes. “Sampling" is an English word meaning the 

sound bitesare to language. Ov^^SLd construction. 
There is a touch of irony to the name Grupo Sam pling , 
however, and they construct an entire vocabulary. 

The six members met when they were all in the Institute 
Superior de Arte, the Havana National Institute of Muse, 
studying orchestra] instruments. They sang in the scbooTs 
cboraleTor vocal iraiung They began to imitate salsa bands 
at parties, the six of them nogiiig a cappella for the fon of it 
The word salsa has come to have a pgorative thrust 
Cuban musicians who have not defected tend to consider 
salsa an oversimplified varion of their music produced in 
Miami and New York for money. (This might in pan be 
interpreted as sour grapes, but the music coming out of 
Havana today is anything but sour.) Anyway. Grupo Sam- 
pling's publicity claims that they “imitate the instruments of 
salsa bands," so let's consider “salsa" convenient shorthand. 

Like six Cuban Bobby McFenins (they have opened for 
him), they use the human voice to “sample” the sounds erf 
trombones, saxophones and trumpets and most of all 
Latin polyrhythmic complexity, imagine six swinging 
young men popping, clicking, shouting, whooshing and 
kablooming vocal claves, bongos, congas and horn parts. 
The arrangements are elaborate, their execution precise. 
The Grupo sings South African. Brazilian and merengue 
tunes also. Their version of Lennon and McCartney’s 
“Drive My Car" may make you miss your exit ramp. 

Banos, who is the arranger and composer, sings bass, 
baritone and lead parts. The only one who speaks English, 
be was thus also tne spokesman for this interview. We are 
in the lobby of a seriously modest hotel in the fearlessly 
anonymous Parisian suburb of Fontenay-sous-Bois. Vari- 
ations on this sort of two-star minor-league sterility will be 
their home on the road through April 
One week earlier, a big-time big-business music power 
broker had literally begged me to accompany him to the 
suburb of Bobigny {Grupo Sampling is, you might say. 

“Cuban music is invading the world,” says Rent Banos (third from left) of Grupo Sampling. 

stalking the outskirts). We had not met and he took some 
trouble searching me out He was thinking of signing the 
group to a recording contract but was astonished that he 
considered music this good commerciaL He could not 
believe his ears. Some colleagues were kidding him about iL 
He wanted aQ the confirmation he could geLiusuaDyrdiise 
invitations to hear groups I’ve never heard of from people 1 
don’t know but something told me this was different It 
turned out to be not only one group but a country. 

In Bobigny, the gig was as local as yon can get kids 
running around chasing balloons in die town ball ball- 
room. The locals, who knew nothing about montunos or 
six-pan harmony, adored whatever it was these bright and 
attractive young men woe singing, and it was clear that 
Grupo Sampling will soon be playing major venues for 
more diverse and sophisticated audiences. A matter of 

Percussionist Poney Gross, who runs the Belgian 
duction company Zig Zag, “discovered" the group 
be was in Havana conducting bis yearly workshop for 
European musicians and dancers in the summer of 1990. 
(There will be no workshop this year, the situation in Cuba 
has become “too difficulL") They were very young, just 
fooling around, not taking sin g in g seriously yet Gross 
could not believe his ears either. He soon had them on the 
road. They are currently on their third European tour. 
Peter Gabriel recorded three tracks that were released on 
David Byrne's compilation “Diablo al Inferno." and they 
have recorded an album for a German producer who is 
negotiating selling the tape to the abovemen tiooed power 
broker for summer release. Meanwhile, Grupo Sampling 
stalks the local end of the markcL 

Traveling eight in a van, including a manage ment and 

production team of two, makes a crowded van. It brings to 
mind two practical advantages of a cappella vocal groups 
from underdeveloped countries. One: No instruments 
require less horsepower. Two: With no instruments you 
don’t have to buy any hardware. Setting up costs cannot 
get much cheaper. 

Banos was anxious to talk about the musical scene in 
Cuba. He called it "baling." There is no commercial 
distinction between folk and pop muse. It is all just muse, 
and all good music is popular “In Europe ana America, 
the word foflt’ means something in the past Something 
just about dead. In Cuba it is not unusual to find mus- 
eums who play both folk and jazz pm f<*«innnii y AH rmiyr. 
is mixed in the same bowl 

“The Spanish did not forbid their slaves to play musical 
instruments like the English in North America, so we have 
many good instrumentalists. Descending from a mixture 
of African griots and Spanish and French troubadours, 
virtuoso guitar-playing anger/ songwriters dot the coun- 
tryside. ‘Son’ music, the mixture of African, Caribbean 
and American elements on which all Cuban music is more 
or less based, is still developing. It is not a museum piece. 

“The violin came from France fa 

and Dizzy Gillespie put jazz and 1 
Bah os said. “A calypso influence came up 
reggae from Jamaica. We are centrally located, and our 
tradition is unusually diversified. So you have rumba, 
salsa, mambo, jazz — even cha-cha. The country is bunt- 
ing with music.” 

Next stop, Namur, Belgium. Cha-cha. 

Grupo Santyling will be performing in Belgium, France, 
Spain and Switzerland through April 30. 


By WSUiam Safire 

W ASHINGTON — Last month, when a former 
naval person chose to credit the news media, and 
especially me, with his withdrawal, iron the public 
arena, l discovered what it was Hke to be staked out, 
besieged and otherwise intruded upon by the pushy, 
pesky Nosy Parkers of the press. 

How to put off? what message could 1 leave 
on my answering madunc that wouJd make my priva- 
cy impenetrable and yet not offend my hard-wraimg 
colleagues? The solution: “Sorry I canl take your call, 
or be on your show or whatever, because I have a 
language-column deadline on the subject of fused 

Fused paradpks stopped 'em all cold. Every inter- 
viewer, booker and volunteer confessor accepted that 
as irrefutable evidence that I could not be disturbed 
and must not be faulted for going into deep isolation. 
Participle fusion, much like thermonuclear fusion, is a 
subject too widely dreaded to be approached lightly: 

One radio reporter ne&xradcd: “Tell Safire I can 
understand him ducking." In that sentence, him duck- 
ing is what the nsagist H. W. Fowler named a “fused 
participle" and what othsra call a “false participle.” 

Grammar-destroying participle fusion takes place 
when a noun or pronoun is not made possessive before 
a gerund. When you treat a gerund as if it were a 
' ‘ jle, argued Fowler, the author of “Modem 
Usage," you defy grammatical analysis and 
of the la 

make a mess 

As an activity, ducking is a gerund (from the Latin 
genre, “to carry out”), which is a noun formed from a 
vert). Another example: in “Withdrawing can be news- 
worthy," the subject, withdrawing is a noun formed 
from the verb to withdraw. Now you want to know 
what a participle is: it's often an adjective that grows 
out of a verb, like a ducking columnist 

Here cocoes die part that traps the unwary, ha these 
examples, you frill note drat the same word — ducking 
coming from the informal verb “to duck" — can be 
used as a noun-like gerund (“can understand duck- 
ing") and also take the form of an adjective-like 
participle (“a ducking columnist"). Just because the 
wond is the same, that doesn't mean its function is the 
ame Ducking the gerund acts hke a noun, while 
ducking the participle acts like an adjective: When you 
mix them up, you confuse everybody. 

Thus, the correct message would be “1 can under- 
stand his ducking." The ironic broadcaster knew that 
him ducking faued to put the po sses s iv e pronoun 
before the gerund ducking and incorrectly turns it into 
a participle Other examples abound: 

On the TV show “Roseanne,” daughter Becky says 
about sexism, “It’s a matter of women bang exploited 
by men for centuries.” No, it’s not “a matter of 
women”; it’s “a matter of women’s being exploited." 

The pseudonymous Waite- Scott writes in Parade 
magazine of “the dichfe about love being blind," which 
should be ‘love’s being blind." 

Writing about “Jurassic Park” in Variety, Don 
Groves noted, “Nobody foresaw the dinosaur movie 
ringing up monster receipts overseas.” But it was the 
foreign business, not the movie, that wasnot foreseen; 
that should have been “the iiinnanr movie’s ringing 

In a piece about Dan Quayle in TV Guide, Harry 

Stem wrote about a “report on cranks having a field 
day." The report was not on “comics"; it was on 
“comics’ having a field day;" vdth the apostrophe 
placed after (be plural “comes" to have it take possss- 
sion of ihe gerund having 

■ Waxing philosophical about this, Fowler wrote: “It 
is perhaps beyond hope fra a generation that regards 
upm you giving as normal English to recover its hold 
upon the troth that grammar matters. Yet every just 
man who wfll abstain from die fused participle 
. . . retards the progrc&s of corruption.” 

The reader is entitled to know that the great Danish 
grammarian Otto Jespersen thought this was all a lot 
of hooey. He issued a tract arguing that what Fowler 
considered gerund-abuse was a useful means “to pro- 
vide the En^ish language with a means of subordmal- 
mg ideas which is often convenient and supple where 
clauses would be midiomatic or negligible.” Fowler 
snapped back with “I confess to attaching more im- 
portance to my instinctive repugnance fra without you 
being than to nofessorJespereen's demonstration that 
it has been said by more respectable authors than I 
had supposed." 

When the giants of linguistics dash, who decides 
what is correct? We turn to our inner ear. In written 
prose at least, Fowler’s sense of order makes sense, 
and sharpens our writing; however, Fowler’s hooting 
at those who fuse their participles in speech would be 
out of place, because the tongue can be more loosey- 
goosey. Jespersen would notbe so strict about using 
me possessive before the gerunds writing and hooting 
(Note me ducking, as Jespersen would permit, or my 
ducking, as Fowler would say.) 


limited air strikes around Sarajevo and other be- 
sieged cities in Bosnia, opined Representative Lee 
Hamilton of Indiana, “would mark an end to the 
endless diddle-daddle.'' 

This is not a new formulation combining fiddle- 
faddle and diddfy squat Onthe contrary, the Dictionary 
of American Regional English traces diddle-daddle. a 
third-order reduplication, to an 1899 citation: “You go 
diddle-daddling about aD day and do nothing." 

Diddle as a verb has been in use since the early 17th 
century meaning “to walk unsteadily." Other senses 
include “to copulate; to engage in amorous genital 
play,” as well as the similar-sounding “to dawdle.” 

Diddfy squat, used with great force by Justice Thur- 
good Mar shall at the time of his retirement, means 
“very little” or “hardly anything worth noticing." Its 
origin Is in baby talk: “It is euphemistically but 
correctly defined.” Fred Cassidy of DARE reports, 
“as the product of a child who squats to do his duty.’ " 

Though diddfy squat should be used sparingly in 
light of its origin, and to fiddle used cautiously because 
erf its sexual undertone, diddle-daddle is acceptable in 
any dithering situation. 

New York Times Service 



Appears on Page 4 






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Forecast tor Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 


North America 

Slicing thunderstorms will 
rumale through Orlando and 
Miiimi Wednesday, while 
soaking rains til m Atlanta. 
That some storm could bring 
mow liom Washington. 
DC to New York City and 
Boston late Wednesday and 
Thursday Los Angeles and 
San Francisco will be dry 
Sib wocK. 


Boms of wind and rain wrlll 
overspread western Europe 
Itom the Atlantic. London. 
Dublin. Pans. Brussels. 
Frank furl and Berlin wi bo 
rainy at times. Biting cold 
and wind wig Irtger m Scan- 
dinavia as lar south as 
Copenhagen, a troe ot snow 
■s Bieiy Italy wil have show- 


A lew showers will wet 
Tokyo Tuesday, otherwise, it 
wit be coot and maMy dry in 
much ot Japan The north 
such as Sapporo will be 
snowy. Seom and Beijng wil 
be bnsk ye I dry with sun. 
Chilly Shanghai will have 
clouds, maybe ran Han wil 
vet Taipei, and Hong Kong 
may have showers 






Low W 










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-3/27 pc 







a/48 pc 






14/57 pc 











13/S PC 


pc 3301 

26/79 pc 





13/55 pc 





20 m 

8/46 pc 

North America 

Middle East 

Latin America 

Today Tomorrow 

High Low W HJ^i Low W 

BuenosAro 30*8 HU70 1 3J4B 17*3 c 

Caracas »«M J-i/75 s 14.75 pc 

Una 2670 2170 pc C7WI 2170 pc 

UmnOty 2170 1l« pc 22.71 6M3 pc 

Aodejaneno 38 <100 23/73 3 36*7 2373 pc 
Saroajo W79 I2<53 b 29 W 1152 s 
Legend' i am fc -party cloudy, ectoudy. sfi-snorrorv. Hhuidoratorra. Haa sf-srow Humes, 
on -.Tcw -ro w v/c.nhor Alt maps, toro ce sts and data pro dd ed by AcaMVoamor, Inc. ■' 1984 




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21.70 8 46 3 28.79 KN5J pc 

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14-37 7.44 pc I7aj2 10/50 s 

M 75 2 -3S 5 27/80 7 '44 4 

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104 in 


1 Tot's talk. 

s Encourages 
• First-grade 
13 Stinks 

15 'Thanks 1" 

it Swing around 
ITUk elacto ry 

i* (J. for one 
ao Elsie’s bull 

« ‘Mommie * 

Crawford book) 

23 "What's For 


23 Take a potshot 
26 Tefter of white 

» Stage whisper 
33 Give the eye 
»i Quick bites 
33 Advances 

Solution to Pnzzle of Feb. 25 


























aua snuu aaanaa 



37 Trunk 

39 Runner 

eo Remains 

43 Person of action 

44 King’s address 

47 Mexican dishes 

40 Speak-easy 

so Saxophonist 

51 Candid 
53 Waiter's jotting 
se Actress Archer 
57 Kind of jury 
•i Bucks and does 
62 Otherwise 

03 Singer 


•4 Lawyer Abbr. 

SB T add e-box item 

oo City inside the 
Servian WaU 


1 Tennis shot 

2 Run In neutral 

3 Body's partner 

4 Logician’s start 
s Sidekick 

0 Sum total 
7 Wart giver, in 
old wives' tales 
a Emphasis 
• On ahorse 
«o Edit 

11 No blessing, 

12 Shipped 
14 Fragrance 
i« Marco Poto 


22 Dye color 
appropriate to 

24 Vacuum tube 
20 Go belly up 
27 Borodin's 

20 Texas' stale 


29 Balance-sheet 

22 Golf dub V.I.P. 
34 Illustrator 

so Comprehends’ 
33 Patrick Henry, 

«l Bodega 
42 Clothing 
44 Boating hazard 

© New York Times Edited by Will Shortz. 


4S Saharan 51 Actress 

tribesman Thompson 


Shriver 52 Glamour rival 

49 Intel Ogerce- 

tastingname 54 River of Spain eo Opposite SSW 

55 Leeway 
so 'it's no P 

sa Slippery one 

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1 - 900-100 

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