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INTERNATIONAL 



(tribune 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


** 


Paris, Wednesday, January 5, 1994 


No. 34,477 


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Can U.S. Persuade Ea^ Europe to Be Patient on NATO? 


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other NATO leaders prepare Far a- summit 
meeong m, Brands next week to ny to define a 
^ ^p ° s t~C^ d ^ ar role for the affiance, tb&key 

Will die U5.' proposal fora Parmerehtofto 
Peace between the- affiance ana all the fanner 


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^wuuuuuua cognmeson me rnrftyl 

J?S onww* the leader of Poland, the 
Cadi Repub^s and Hungary tint the way is 
open foe them to join hler as Ml membera. 

ttesrale Russian rihifr-tirw>«‘> - 


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If h does convince ffiem,and if ihe Russians 
also accept a doser association with tbeaflksas 
part of the Pariaerahip, thenMr. Ointaa can 
count the Brussels meeting a sneces when he 
leaves Jan. 11, and-sefi ir as one when heihes on 
to Prague and Mascotc.' 


ingly, in the view of m^Htappeans fiom both 

iese Banks 
Deeper in Debt 


democracies at Eastern Europe wll see them' 
selves as ottoe ^ab-sacrifioed oa the altar of 
great-power iateresu; because Washington is 
more wearied about Moscow's needs than 
about their own. 

Though.it tnaycomc as a surprise to those 
^ho wonder why anybody cares about NATO 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

at &, now that the Cold War is ow, many East 
-and West Europeans view the affiance as a 
rorntx of protection not only from neomtperia- 
Usmiq Russia, bmalsofrcnn the instability that 
oltranadonaKsm and g ri u nc conflict unleashed 

. Even i&otjjI^ATO has not beafatSTto 
stop the war m Bosma-H cn e g o vin a. most Eu- 
ropeans stifl look, to tte affiance as the best 
hope of deterring sinrilar conflicts elsewhere, 
and will view the summit declaration as a cru- 
cial signal. 

Foreign Minister Andizej Olecbowdri of Po- 


land stated the East Europeans* concerns in an 
article pa Wished Monday to the Frankfurter 


"Poland is against the isolation of Russia,” 
Mr. CHedtowski wrote. “A strong and demo- 
cratic Russia wiH be the strongest guarantee of 
peace and stability in Europe. We are nca afraid 
Of Russia, but of objective situations that cculd 
provoke her to behave in a way threatening to 
Poland. Such a situation is the security vacunm 
that now exists in Central Europe.” 

The Partnership for Peace will be welcome in 
Warsaw, Mr. Otechowski wrote, but only if it 
the prospect of something more. “It 
Ispefl out the final goal — membership in 
the. Atlantic affiance for those who meet the 
established criteria,” be said. 

In an interview in Brussels, the U.S. ambas- 
sador to NATO, Robert E. Hunter, said Mr. 
OIcchowskf s conditions would be met. 

*Tn the declaration, there will be a form of 
words that makes dear that NATO is prepared 

See NATO, Page 6 


Can ’t Expand Abie, General Warns 


Reuter: 

WASHINGTON — The chair man of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff. General John Soaii- 
ka&hvili. warned Tuesday that immediate 
i of the NATO alliance could have 


j effect on Europe. 

Defending the adimnisirauon’s plan to 
invite nonalliance nation*- to participate m 
the North Atlantic Treaty Orgacizaticn 
without granting them military protections, 
be said that “membership to some and ex- 
clusion of others would be counter" to Eu- 
rope's best interests. 

“NATO has neter been a dosed society.” 
he said. “We hope that the process can lead 
to an extension of membership but who. 
when and bow — it's a premature question." 

“Accepting some and leaving some out a: 
this critical period of time," hesaid. “1 think 


is trJailK lo building security and stability 
in all of Europe.” 

He added: “I think it is important that 
everyone understand, and J hope that our 
newfound friends in the East will under- 
stand, that the reason that partnership is 
defined as it is is io avoid at all costs the 
establishment of a new line, a new division 
that h turn. then, would create new tensions 
and fuel new conflicts.” 

Several East European nations have asked 
for admission to the affiance, a request made 
more urgently after the rise of the extreme 
Russian nationalist Vladimir V. Zhirin- 
ovsky. 

President Clinion mil send General Shah- 
kaskviii io try io persuade East European 
countries io sup demanding immediate 
SATO membership. Page 6. 


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RVATIOM 

-tSSIHED 





Cavpikd bp Our Slag Tram Dispatches 

TOKYO -— Japan’s a»mneiri»i hanW are 
hokfing 6.7 triltioD yen ($59.6haffion) more in 
tiOQperfonmng loans than they reported this 
faR according to one of two reports Tuesday, 
that revested near depths to thelhetdmg sys- 
tem’s bad-debt troubles. ■' 

If the figores^ ^are^ -'cooect,' 'fbe banks would 
actuary hold '15^48 trilSon yen mnOTperfmm- 
ing loans, 72 pacetit njore than previously 
acknowledged. The repmt, in. rite Ybnmai' 
Shrmbun newspaper, whs not denied 
In the second report, the agpncy set up by 
Japanese banks a year ago to'absorb bad toms 
said that it had acquired _noijj^orinmig a^ets 
wonh Z202 triUkm yen ance Maich- 
The inures, ainnonneqd by. the" Goopecative 
Gre^PnroharipgCp^siic^ 
suffering ever-hi^er Josscs oa debt write-offs. 
Inv ested have been ■! ednetsned* ia recent 



JoaiKOT. 

morethansx tnprdhs. v " - L"'V , - ] J- - 
^^not iwiode : totn« ^ don^ttoies ffie‘ 
banks jirc; sqppcit5ig_ financially Jit. the .bf^cf.': 
that their iartu^^^ -Shttt and that t|»cy will . 
ooefe ag«n be 1 aMe [io. '.thepf hwwi die . 

paper s^ Many bf tl^bimks are simportmg . : 
sonre conmoni^ ^ kiwe^ mterest raws «. 

rendrng inbankoffidfifeto bdp ct gt y any mart— ■ 
agemeot- : . 

\tiudi ci soch drfrf is not disdosed whea 
banto repori earnings.Jnde^ some indepei^. 
dent analysts estimate ^th« diebad-dd?! Sgure 

.tiuar range^betw^^^ffirm and - 30 

triffi<m ye*L ' r ; ’ . !i 
Economists and bartioog analysts say that 
the ; hifiiafirtiy oFFinance urged bunks last year 
to write off all of their bad debts in threeyears^ 

■ But the figures armemneed by poopexative 
Credit Pruchasii* added to worries, about the 
tanks’ . heal th because, ffiey showed that wlaai 
the hmfa did write "off their bad-debta, ^ 

were doing so at - 

The agency said ri^ 'Mioanai acqniisd 
since March, it had paid an avenue of S5 
percent of face, value, or the amount for which 
the loan was made; That way down from mtr- 
rfmMt prices of about two-thirds of the face 

Mard^TL AFP) 


-- A pawmgpr srr amhtiBg aboard a packed train at Belgrade station on Tuesday as chaos increased on the puttie transport network, devastated by the effects of LIN sanctions. 

U.& Backs Down on Frequent North Korea Inspections 


J8y Steven Greenhouse 

'M a» .York Tima Service - 

' WASHINGTON — Backing down from pre- 
vious insistence that North Korea 

to . defusing whh" that 
country, by acccp ting its offer of a faB but esre- 
tHntwj^tospoctwa of wren atiamc sites. 

■. Amencan officials described this as an im- 
portant concession oa North Korea’s part, but 
acknowledged that it fell short of Washington's 
original demand that the North Koreans allow 

ay^er/Mticmspectkjns 

trtiagrecsneiitsL ... 


The officials said that no agreement would be 
finalized until the International Atomic Energy 
Agency agreed to final terms with North Korea. 
And they said they would continue to press 
North Korea to allow additional inspections. 

But officials at the international inspection 
agency in Vienna said they were worried that 
the agreement would be inadequate and set a 
bad precedent. They and some Asian diplomats 
said Tuesday that it would fail to ensure that 
North Korea docs not divert material from 
nuclear facilities to make atomic bombs. 

Qinton administration officials defended the 
tentative pact they reached with North Korea 
last week, iasisttog that it was the best deal dial 


could be struck at the moment. They said the 
accord would not only provide for a thorough 
inspection but would also keep North Korea 
from withdrawing from the Nuclear Nonprolif- 
eration Treaty. 

“The government's approach is. it wants to 
be practical, to get die job done, 1 ’ a government 
official said, “We need to coax the North Kore- 
ans back to the nonproliferation treaty regime, 
without falling on our own sword over phony 
principle." 

Over the last several months, administration 
officials have taken a tough line publicly with 
North Korea, vowing to prevent it from acquir- 
ing nudear weapons and wanting of economic 


sanctions if Pyongyang failed to agree to regu- 
lar inspections. 

But China’s reluctance to go along with sanc- 
tions made that approach problematic, and 
administration officials worried in private 
about the consequences of a showdown with 
what they see as a volatile regime, and one that 
also is heavily armed. 

Complicating matters further was a recent 
assessment by the CIA that concluded that 
North Korea probably has already manufac- 
tured one or two nuclear weapons. 

The United States has signaled to North 
Korea that if the International Atomic Energy 
See KOREA, Page 6 


Outspoken 
UN General 
Withdrawn 
From Bosnia 

Senior Belgian Officer 
Had Complained About 
Inability to Intervene 

C&rpued fa Our Sufi' Fran Dispadtes 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Hcraegovina — The 
Sarajevo-based Belgian general in charge of 
UN forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina is to be with- 
drawn. Brussels said Tuesday, amid outspoken 
complaints by him and other top peacekeepers 
over their powerlessness to intervene in the war. 

Lieutenant General Francis Briquemont was 
due to end his term as military commander here 
in July, but Belgium said Tuesday it wanted to 
recall him. 

The move was condemned by a top Bosnian 
government official. EjupGanic, No, 2 to Presi- 
dent Alija lzetbegovic of Bosnia, said Belgium’s 
decision showed that the international commu- 
nity was not taking the crisis in Bosnia serious- 
ly. 

Mr. Gaoic said that even time a UN repre- 
sentative got to grips with the Bosnian problem 
be was replaced. 

A UN spokesman said in New York that 
General Briquemont had asked to be relieved of 
his post for personal reasons and that a succes- 
sor was being considered. 

Defense Minister Leo Detcroix of Belgium 
told the Belgian VTM television network that 
General Briquemont had asked in mid-Decem- 
ber whether he could return home in January. 

“Briquemont has already been then; for ax 
months! in the heart of Sarajevo virtually with- 
out night’s rest,” Mr. Del croix said. “There's 
shooting day and night It’s a very demanding 
job so it’s logical that after a half year you are 
exhausted.” 

The withdrawal of General Briquemont fol- 
lowed an interview he gave last week in which 
he said: 

“J don't read the Security Council resolu- 
tions any more because they don’t help me." He 
added: “There is a fantastic gap between the 
resolutions of the Security Council, the wiB to 
execute those resolutions and the means avail- 
able to commanders in the fidd." 

Belgian defense officials had said earlier that 
Brussels bad asked for General Briquemont to 
return because be was needed to help restruc- 
ture his county’s defense force. 

General Briquemont ’s predecessor as the 
UN’s top soldier in Bosnia, General PliiHippe 
fvforiiiou oi France, had also frequently ex- 
pressed anger at the lack of means to protect 
dvitiansin Bosnia and stop attacks on UN aid 
convoys. 

Belgium’s decision came as Sarajevo trem- 
bled under heavy shelling that killed nine peo- 
ple, and UN officials prepared to double the 
number of airdrops to Bosnians threatened by 
cold and starvation. 

Serbian bombardment of the city, along with 
fighting between Muslim-led government and 
Croatian forces in central Bosnia, continued to 
make a mockery or wbat was supposed to be a 
holiday truce. 

'Tins has been one of the most difficult days 
for us,” said Dr. Naim Kadic, duty doctor at 
Koscvo Hospital, where surgeons routinely op- 
erate without tight or heat. 

Across Bosnia, 106 people were killed and 
407 wounded during the 12-day holiday truce 
period that ended early Tuesday, Bosnian radio 
said. That included 39 dead and 200 wounded 
in Sarajevo, where at least 26 lives have been 
lost since the New Year started 

The announcement of the move on General 
Briquemont comes at a delicate moment for 
NATO. Leaders of the alliance are to meet in 
Brussels next week to discuss a new role for the 
alliance in the post-Cold War world. Some 
officials fear that attention could be drawn to 
the alliance's lack of power to do anything 

See BALKANS, Page 6 


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Italians Dispute 
Date for Ballot 

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torec'iwacu ucutj W Uiuimwia . 

romlaiY elections, while tbe groups thai 
benefited fooar their disgrace® * cosznp- 
pot -scandal pressed for a swift Vote.' 

‘Thffti isiwthing to-riteontin^ ^ 
^roinously towards -the, 

DemocratsTlbat position tos seconded 
by leader* c# the -Socialists, Liberals and 
Social Democrats. • \L 

' Their proposal W ^ delay the vote until 
June 12 was t^ecwd.by mam opposi- 
tion groups: -- ’• 


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Despair Bora of Inequity 


r ; .By Tim Goldeii 

■New fotf Time* Strrice 

ALTAMIRANO. Mctico:— That the Cold 
War has aided seem to mean nothing to the 


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Egypt-u-.E.P .SOOQ Saudi ArObto^-fiWt 
Fronce.— — 9- 00 Senegal --.titiCF A 

GcibOT;-..-4»CEA.|J^^PTAS 
©refi*e»---.3Qp Df- Timteto -Ul-WODln 
Ivory Cam* J40 CFA Turkey 

iSSssaSi^^g 


j ovcr tbe weekeDd by announcing them- 
5 B5 r 1 ^ Zjqatigte Army of National liber- 
ation, declaring war on the goveomicnt and 
jraphtr?TTg a Tiftndfid of towns in sbuthera Mexi- 
co. - ^ ■ •• 

of poor Infians agahist “the rich,” the new 
wtMd they envision, bring one where things 
- would simply be. better. . . 

. • .{The tasoroarts,' , k | bo took over six cities m 
New Year’s Oay raids, fled for the hills Toes- 
iJay abd' appeared to be pnlfmg out of their 
T ftpwttritig aitmghohk mra southern state of 
- tb^ t ^ gemera tqibrtcd from San Cristobal 
' delwGi^MesdraxIiw^not^clearif they 
attended to oontinoe their opnsiag or if they 
vrere trying io escape furtiwr f^tnag with the 
Mexican Ataxy. The rebefe puhed out of Alta- 
mifano«»d Ox Chnc and entered the surround- 
ing mountains eariy Tuesday, ujwnspeopte 
sad]..- . ■ - “ 

FrcwpmytawtkHB with townspeople and 
villagers, the rebels' sway seems a product toss 
. ot any considered support than of confusion 

• aadfean 

Yet the mere sight of scores o£ men and 
-women’ ^ broad Indian faces, amber skin 
, zaH asauh rifles.or baitered carbmex, staked 
out a3c«B-tf 50^mn«ct'stittdi of rural high- 

• way on MotKiay, was a remarkable measure of 
the frustratitm arid desjair arc rooted to tins 

. Jarid.-.' .: 

*Thnpo c ho longer any way to survive the 
’* situation io Mexico,'’ said ieafls, 20, a leader of 
the rebels In this rural town to southern Mexico. 
He described himself as the chiM of poor peas- 


ants from anothn part of Chiapas state, near 
the border with Guatemala, 

“There is ho work, no land, no education,” 
Jesus said. “There is no way to change that in 
elec ti o n s." he added, echoing the proclama- 
tions of his superior without -wwtitig to mimic 
them. This is not going to be a war of two or 
three years. Hus could be a war of 25 or 30 
yean.” • 

When the dozen men clustered around Jesus 
wiere asked whether they were prepared for such 
a sacrifice, so one spoke up. Asked if they 
wanted to go borne, one said, “This is where we 
iivt’* 

Physically stunning and dismaBy poor, Chia- 
pas is known to the world for the jungle ruins 

See MEXICO, Page 6 



MCI Unveils $20 Billion Plan 
For Information Superhighway 


Fence-Ties* 

Commander Marcos, lender of Mexico's 
rebel Zapatista National Liberation Army. 


By Paul F. Horvitz 
and Robert C. Siner 

fniermUnmal Herald Tribune 

WASHINGTON — MO Communications 
Corp. announced Tuesday that it and some 
unidentified partners planned to spend S20 
billion on the electronic equivalent of widening, 
paving and building access ramps for a U.S. 
reformation superhighway. 

The spending by the United States’ soooud- 
largcsi long-distance telephone carrier, which is 
to take place over the next six years, envisions 
vast improvements in the speed with which 
fiber optic cables can transmit digital informa- 
tion. including data and video images. 

MCI also hopes eventually to create an elec- 
tronic network — to be known as network MCI 


— that would be equipped to carry virtually 
any form of transmission. 

The company also confirmed recent reports 
that it would challenge the regional Baby BeD 
telephone monopolies in at least 20 major U.S. 
municipalities, including New York and Los 
Angeles, for the right to provide local commu- 
nications services. Of the $20 billion of planned 
outlays. S2 billion would be earmarked for this 
effort. 

If successful, the bid for local service would 
give MCI which is already the primary compet- 
itor of the long-distance leader, American Tele- 
phone & Telegraph Co„ an opportunity to 
cany a full range of communication and enter- 
tainment products directly to consumers aad 

See MO, Page 13 


Belgians Turn ' Madness’ of Consumer Waste to Profit 


By Marlise Simons 

New York Tima Service 

LIEGE, Belgium — Along a quiet road in the Ardenn« lies 
what WflBwn Wautew calls proof of the madness erf the 
affluent society. 

Every day, 25 tons of used clothing, bags and sbora come 
spilling in to a great hoe, bounce from caivejffbdis into 

baskets and, sorted and repacked, brad for a new life on the 
other — poorer — side of the world. 

“All of this came, from tbc^ireets, free,” said Mr. Wauier^ 
founder of the recycling plant, moving through a cloud of 
lingerie, then turning toward stacks of curtains and carpet*. 
’Trs hard to- believe. And we only prospect in pan of me 
country." 

Recycling, the order of the day to many places, has moved 


into a league of its own at Terre, a workers’ cooperative on the 
outskirts of Ufigr. , 

Each month, the discards from Belgian households yield 
what Terre sees as a gold mine of more than 450 tons of used 
dothes, suitable for resale at home and abroad, and this to Mr. 
Warners carries a potent message. 

“Here is the evidence that our economic system is crazy," be 
said, standing to the warehouse, the size of an airplane hangar. 
‘People earn too much. Otherwise they wouldn't throw so 
much away." 

Terre's 240 employees, tike the discards they handle, were 
themselves in a way rejected by society. It is a point that is 
opcnlv brandished as a source of pride. 

“Almost all our people were considered unemployable" Mr. 
Wauters said, describing drivers, sorters and packers who had 
never held a job or were unemployed for years. “Over 70 


percent of our workers are ex-convicts, former drag addicts, 
alcoholics or handicapped. We see ourselves as an economic 
and a social laboratory" 

Terre makes other unusual moves: it donates almost all of its 
profits, averaging more than 510 mUBoo a year, to form 
cooperatives in developing countries. Is has already financed a 
wofW-owned bicycle factory in Nicaragua, an irrigation pro- 
ject in Peru, fishing boats in India and a quarry in Algeria. 

The daily bounty from the streets also includes 65 ions of 
paper and cardboard. While much is sorted and resold to paper 
mills. Terre keeps the rest to feed its. factory, which recycles the 
waste paper into insulation panels. 

Showing off vast pressing machines that devour mountains 
of newspapers and straw. JtxH Peereboom, an administrator. 

See USED, Pago 6 


vs 





Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1994 


France Plans Law to Bar Postmenopausal Pregnancies 


WORLD BRIEFS 


By William Drozdiak 

Washington Past Soviet 

PAR IS — France has announced that it will seek lo 
become the first cocEtry to ban artifidaJ insemination 
for postmenopausal women as part of a landmark 
legislative effort to cope with the moral and medical 
dilemmas posed by genetic en gingering 

The decision by the French government to intro- 
duce legislation that would stop doctors from helping 
women past child-bearing age to give birth was an- 
nounced Monday by Health Minister Philippe 
Douste-Blazy, who called it ‘‘both immoral and dan- 
gerous” for older women to be implanted with test- 
tube embryos. 

Other officials said the bill also would seek to 
prevent parents from selecting or determining physi- 
cal and menial characteristics of their future child. 

“J think it is absolutely shocking that a child can be 
18 when his mother is 80,” Mr. Douste-Blazy said in a 
radio interview. “It is totally undeserved.'' 

He urged women considering such a procedure to 
give more Lhougbt to the child, who medical authori- 
ties say would be more susceptible to mental and 


treatment at an Italian clinic. The mother, who is said 


to be a wealthy businesswoman, reportedly is married 
to a 45-year-old man. 


to a 45-year-old man. 

A 62-year-old Italian woman is now three months 
pregnant after receiving an embryo implant per- 
formed by the same doctors. She was quoted as saying 
she and her husband had wanted a child since their 19- 
year-old son was killed in an accident in 1991 

French officials said the government was particular- 
ly alarmed by advances in medical technology that 
now made it feasible for women to choose the ethnic 
identity, physical size or other characteristics of their 
baby through embryo implants. 

“This is nothing less than a question of public 
order, M Jcan-Louis Beaumont, a member of Pariia- 
men t and dean of the medical faculty in CitteQ, said in 
an interview. “The government must gel involved 


dur is expected to imvefl legislation in the Senate 
within two weeks before taking it to die National 
Assembly. The ruling conservative coalition holds a 
vast majority in both houses. 

The centerpiece of the bill according to Mr. 
Douste-Blazy, “will state very deariy that medically 
assisted procreative techniques, especially in vitro in- 
semination, will be reserved for women of child- 
bearing age, that is, before menopause.” 

Some argued that the new law was necessary to 


reinforce the power of the state to prevent abuses that 
smack of genetic engineering. A de facto tar already 
prevents women from bong implanted with a fertil- 
ized embryo from an egg other than their own. 

Even if France takes a strict approach to test-tube 
fertilization, officials here acknowledge that other 
European governments win have to adopt similarly 
tough restrictions or dse older French women who 
want to have babies will simply go abroad for 
treatment. 


when the act of creating a human bang does not 
adequately consider the future of that human being.” 

Dr. Beaumont, who helped to prod the conservative 
government into adopting a stronger policy to prevent 
what he calls an insidious drift toward “genetic ma- 
nipulation.” said the rapid advances in test-tube fertB- 
ization made it imperative for societies to move quick- 
ly “to preserve the originality and spontaneity of their 
people." 

llie government of Prime Minister Edouard Bafla- 


physical handicaps. 
The phenomenon 


The phenomenon of “retirement pregnancies” at- 
tracted wide attention recently in Europe after a 59 
year-old British woman gave birth to twins following 


At some point, the 12-nation European Union will 
obably have to adopt etriddines, if not a common 


probably have to adopt guidelines, if not a common 
policy, so that governments can prevent their citizens 
from circumventing laws by floating to foreign doc- 
tors. Tbe medical ethics debate, however, is changing 
so rapidly that only a few countries have started to 
address tbe issue of “retirement pregnancies.” 


In Britain, where tbe issue arose last wed; some 
specialists said they disagreed with- an age limit on 
pregnancies, saying such a restriction would be 
discriminatory. 

In Italy, a pioneer in postmenopausal pregnancies, 
commentators have warned that tbe country is in 
dan ger of becoming a "genetic supermarket" because 
of highly publicized embryo implants involving preg- 
nancies of elderly women and tbe ease of a blade 
woman who gave birth to a white baby six months ago. 
She reportedly asked for an egg from a white donor to 
be fertilized by her white husband, aaenaWy so their 
child would pot suffer racial discrimtoation. 

■ Proposal Is Denounced 

Elisabeth Badinter, the anther of a best -seller on 
male identity, denounced the proposal to ban artificial 
insemination for postmenopausal women as an assault 
on freedom of choice. Renters reported from Paris. 

“Nobody has ever banned a 2D-year-<M giri who is 
deeply neurotic, addicted to drugs or has AIDS, from 
having a baby, " she said- “Why should a woman erf 65, 
who oould be a very good mother, not have tbe right to 
have a child?” 

“I see perfectly well tbe dangers of rolling back 
without limit the age of procreation.” she said. "Bat 
limiting the right to bear children seems to me even 
more dangerous.” 


Britain Expels Sudanese Ambassador 

LONDON (AP) -T- Tta Foreign Office on Tuesd^gave Sudaiuate 

ambassador 14 days tokavc^Britain after Sudan trfusedtodmn^ejts.. 
decision to expel the British ambassador. A spokesman said toe decpkai 
to expel Ali Osman Yassin was an "inevitalw amscqueacer of Smarts ; 
damn to cxpd the British ambassador, Peter Streams. • •• > 

Sudan ordered Mf. Streams out of the country after toArchtaste^of 
Canterbury, the Most Reverend Ckaige L. Carey, 
ca pi ta l Khar toum , as a goestof thelslanric government of G enera l Omar 
Hassan Ahmad Bashir. He visited southern Sudan last at the 






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rnymnw « ux-mswm ^ ^ ... , 

The government had insisted that the Ar rhhiflho p tiara as rtsgnestm 
the mainly Mmfim northern Sedan. Dr. Carey has Said h e canc eled that 
pwrr nf his trip became he was not assured frecdomof movement. , .. 

Dozens More Die in KabulBattles 


KABUL (Reuters) —infantry battles raged for a fourth day hae on 
tesday, trifling form* and injuring more than 1,700 in. a stru ggle ita - 
>wer bctwcca Preskicnt Burhanodom Rabbani and a former Comma- 


U.S. Presses Talks 
On Ukrainian Arms 


ir 


Goal Is Moscow Pad Signing 
On Nuclear Disarmament 


By Ann Devroy 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The United 
States, Russia and Ukraine have 
intensified negotiations on tbe dis- 
mantling of Ukraine’s nuclear arse- 
nal in tbe hope that a treaty can be 
signed in Moscow next week, se- 
nior administration officials say. 

The While House said Monday 
that President BQl Clinton had 
written to President Leonid M. 
Kravchuk of Ukraine in the last 
weds in what one official called “a 
re-emphasis of our policy” that the 
former Soviet republic must dis- 
pose of its nuclear missiles in com- 
pliance with international agree- 
ments. 

If such an accord is reached, the 
president wQl meet with Mr. Krav- 
chuk in Moscow, a senior adminis- 
tration official said. 

Mr. Clinton is to leave Saturday 
an a nine-day trip that includes a 
s ummi t meeting in Moscow with 
President Boris N. Yeltsin and a 
visit to Belarus, which has relin- 
quished its nuclear arsenal. 

The Belarus stop is meant to be 
both a reward to that nation for its 
agreement to denuclearize and a 
signal of U.S. displeasure with 


UJL officials are to hold talks 
here this week with Ukraine's dep- 
uty foreign minister, Valeri 
Shnurov. A White House official 
cautioned that “many issues re- 
main to be resolved" and pointed 
oat that the administration has 
been working on the issue for near- 
ly six months. 

When the Soviet Union col- 
lapsed, Ukraine inherited about 
1,240 nuclear warheads on 176 in- 
tercontinental missiles and an esti- 


mated 564 warheads on cruise mis- 
siles, a small number of which have 
been dismantled. 

A series of three-way talks 
among the United Stales, Russia 
and Ukraine has been held over the 
last month, in large measure con- 
centrating on how the proceeds 
from tbe sale of enriched uranium . 
withdrawn from the warheads 
would be divided between Ukraine 
and Russia. 

“We very much want a deal in 
time for a signing in Moscow.” an 
official said, “but we can’t be driv- 
en into a tad deal by summit fever. 
This is the most serious of business, 
and there would be no disguising a 
bad deaL Everyone is working 
quite hard on this, but we are not 
there yet, and there is every chance 
we won’t get there." 

Administration officials cite as 
progress the announcement by 
Russian officials in Kiev last 
month that Ukraine should be 
compensated for its tactical nuclear 
weapons, which were removed 
more than 18 months ago. Having 
agreed to the principle of compen- 
sation. a senior official said, the 
issue has become bow much and in 
what form. 

Mr. Clinton is scheduled to sign 
several agreements in Moscow on 
Jan. 14, including some relating to 
nonproliferation. Thai could be ex- 
panded into a three-way ceremony. 
■ Kravcfank Presence Ukdy 

Ukrainian officials said Tuesday 
that Mr. Kravchuk was likely to 
join the U.S.-Russian summit 
meeting in Moscow on Jan. 12-15, 
The Associated Press reported. 

President Yeltsin has invited Mr. 
Kravchuk to participate in tbe 
meeting with Mr. Clinton. 



Rabin Rival 
Drops Vow 
ToStickto 
PLODeal 


power between. -President Burhanodom Rabbani and a former Comnrn- 
nitf general AMd Rashid Doestam. ' J 

Govenunentjets bombed positions held by lighters loyal to Omen!. 

Doestam, and Mr. RabbanTs infantry, made advances, jwslnngta acmft 
front line in the south of the city, where much of the figfcung has neea 
concentrated. Fighting spread in tire north around General Doestam s ^ 
tase of Mazar-i-Stam. ' . . ' . £ ..iVH 

A Health Ministry spokes ma n said the number of gymed was soaring - _ . ! 1 1 ** 

and that hospitals were running out of medical supplies, blood and even ^ I ■ 

food. “We have 1,700 wounded and 54 d e ad , ahhcwigfa for the deaditis 
too difficult to say bow many.” be sakL . - ’i. - 


¥&r- . 
**£.*■■ •• ■ 




German Judge May Get Nomimitioii 

BERLIN. (AP) — After an embarrassing furor toppled their first 
presidential candidate, Gennan conservatives said. Tuesday (hat they 

lnn>unl«,t&lKaivaintrv > c ItinliMf-ilirlirp fnr <hfmVMt 


By Clyde Habennan 

New York Tima Servlet 

JERUSALEM — IsraeTs main 
opposition leader, Benjamin Ne- 
tanyahu, said Tbesday that if his 


R oman Herzog, 59, president of the federal yops tifati onal Court, has 
been picking up support since Steffen Hofmann, Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl's choice for the job, withdrew fnra’considcmion. in November. Mr. 
Heitmann had angered many people with statements about, the Holo- 
caust. women’s roles in society and other issues. 

Michael Glos, a conservative member of parliament, predicted Tues- 
day that Mr. Herzog would be affidalty nominated on Jan. 24- by the 
Christian Democrats and tbear Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social 
Union. Mr. Herzog has been Germany’s chin judge since 198 7. Be fore 
that, he served as education minister maid interior minister in the southern 
state of Baden-Wfirttemberg. . 



Likud party were to return to pow- 
er be would feel no obligation to 
honor tbe present Labor govern- 
ment's agreement with tbe Pales- 
tine Liberation Organization. 

Mr. Netanyahu stopped short of 
a firm promise to break the deal on 
introducing Palestinian self-rule to 
tbe occupied territories — a posi- 
tion advocated recently by bis pre- 
decessor as Likud leader, former 
Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir . 

But at the same time, Mr. Netan- 


• *i 





yahu made clear that he would not 
be bound by the PLO accord, a 
sharp departure from a public 
pledge weeks ago to “honor any 
formal international commitment 
taken by previous governments.” 

Speaking to Jewish settlers in the 
West Bank an Monday and ex- 
panding on the subject in an inter- 
view Tuesday, be charged that the 
PLO chair man, Yasser Arafat, had 
himself broken promises by failing 
to stop anti-Israel attacks in the 
territories and by taking no steps to 
revoke sections of tbe PLO charter 
that call for Israel’s destruction. 

“Agreements are made to be 
honored, but they’re not made to 
be honored unilaterally,” Mr. Ne- 
tanyahu said. And since in his view 
the Palestinians have not kept their 
end of the bargain, then the accord 
signed on the White House lawn in 
September is no longer binding an 
Israel he said. 

His remarks were denounced as 
“a danger to democracy" by the 
Labor Party secretary-general NIs- 
sim Zviih. A spokesman for Prime 
Minister Yitzhak Rabin dismissed 
the comments as “hypothetical” 
saying that Mr. Netanyahu’s opin- 
ion has “no significance in tbe im- 
mediate future.” 

But while for now tbe opposition 
may not affect the Israel- PLO ne- 
gotiations. stalled for nearly a 
week, its views also cannot be ig- 
nored. 

The Rabin government has not 
had an assured parliamentary ma- 
jority for months, and even though 
it seems in no danger of inurnment 
collapse, it is also far from a tower 
of strength. It is entirely possible, 
opinion polls suggest, that after Is- 
rael's next national election in two 
years, Likud will be bade in power 
and the 44-year-old Mr. Netan- 
yahu will be prime minister. 

That would mean be would be 
taking over ax the may moment that 
fsrad and the PLO, under terms of 
their agreement, are supposed to 
begin negotiations on the perma- 
nent status of tbe territories. The 
territories have been held by Israel 
since 1967 and declared % Mr. 
Netanyahu in the past to be vital to 
Israeli security. 

So what he says, even now, may 
have consequences for the future 
course of Israeli-Palestinian rela- 
tions. 

Mr. Netanyahu read the latest 


Cambodia Warns the Khmer Rouge 

PHNOM PENH (Reuters) — Cambodia’s armed forces wanted the 
Khmer Rouge on Tuesday of an imminent attack and urgrf-gnerriDa 
troopers to meet to escape what analysts said could be tbe biggest anti- 
rebel offensive in five years. 

The ultimate aim of the dry-season offensive was tfc recapture of the 
Khmer Rouged headquarters in western Paflin, a senior government 
official said. 

The appeal was part of a mffitary boHefin included in the radio's 
morning news report. It was preceded bya demand from Cambodia's two 
prime ministers. Prince Norodom Ranariddh, and Him Sen, for the 

guerrillas to join in national rrc onratia rin n. 



Israeli polk* restraining a flag-fravingdenonstratoroo Tuesday near Jericho. Settlers blocked mads 
in die region to protest suggestions that their village be included within the PLO-controOed area. 


Yeltsin’s Aides Move In to ‘Purified’ Parliament 


The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — Three months af- 
ter tanks pounded the Russian 
White House, an archbishop re- 
christened the former parliament 
bidding cm Tuesday and President 
Boris N. Yeltsin's senior ministers 
moved into their new offices. 

Five thousand workers, includ- 
ing 2.000 Turks, have worked 
around the dock to repair the bul- 
let-pocked, fire-blackened marble 
tower at an estimated cost of $80 

million. f 

The White House is now white 


again and resplendent with acres of 
new carpet, imported elevators, air 
conditioning and tinted windows. 

Mr. Yeltsin ordered the repairs 
begun Oct 5, the day after he sent 
tanks and troops to crush hard-line 
lawmakers ana their armed sup- 
porters who had rioted against his 
decree dissolving parliament 

The ceremony Tuesday was a 
kind of political exorcism: After 
driving out the hard-line lawmak- 
ers, Mr. Yeltsin ordered the build- 
ing to be purified for his senior 
aides. 


“We have prayed for the Lord's 
blessing to accompany those who 
will work here for the good of the 
Fatherland,” Archbishop Arseny 
of tbe Russian Orthodox Church 
said after sprinkling the facade 
with boJy water. 

The building was evacuated fora 
few hours after a bomb alert that 
turned out to be a hoax. 

The White House had become a 
symbol of opposition to Mr. Yelt- 
sin. He is trying to prevent that 
from happening again by turning 
the building into the headquarters 


of his cabinet instead of giving it to 
tbe newly elected parliament. 

The new parliament, which con- 
venes Jan. 1 1, has been allotted two 
less-prominent buildings in Mos- 
cow, despite pleas by some law- 
makers for the old ste. 

Prime Minister Viktor S. Cher- 
nomyrdin has taken over tbe fifth- 
floor office ol the former pariia- 
ment speaker. Ruslan I. 
Khasbulatov, who is in jail await- 
ing trial for his role in October’s 
uprising. 

The only reminder of the hard- 


liners is some graffiti aimed at 
them: “The band of drunkards will 
not escape a people's trial!” some- 
one has scrawled on a fence out- 
side. 

Repairs to tbe building’s six-sto- 
ry rectangular base have been com- 
pleted, but work is continuing on 
the 14-story oval tower that rises 
from the hart of tbe structure. 


Two U-S.-based companies are 
also involved Honeywell Inc has 
replaced the building’s fire-fighting 
system, and Otis Elevator Co. has 
installed 19 new elevators. 


Christian Geelhaar Dies at 54; Directed Basel’s Kunstmuseum 


New York Tuna Service 


Christian Geelhaar, 54, a former 
director of the Basel Kunstmuseum 
and one of tbe most respected art 
historians and curaton of his gen- 


eration, died of AIDS on Friday in 
BaseL 


UNIVERSITY DEGREE 

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e> tori MUW renoc lor Fra EwtaUon 

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Mr. Geelhaar, who was born in 
Bern, was a Picasso scholar and an 
advocate of postwar American art 
who was also at home with tbe art 
of the Middle Ages and the North- 
ern Renaissance. 


He was named curator of mod- 
ern art at the Basel Kunstmuseum 
in 1977. In 1980, when he was only 
41, be succeeded Franz Meyer as 
director of tbe museum. During 
this poiod, he gained attention for 
establishing that Picasso’s monu- 
mental proto-Cubist still life, 
“Bread and Fruit Dish on a Table.” 
erf 1909 was based on an earlier 


study for an unexecuted picture of 
a banquet scene. 

At BaseL Mr. Geelhaar oiga- 
nized or collaborated on exhibi- 
tions. including “Jasper Johns: 
Working Proofs” (1980), “Picasso: 
Theme Cvcles of the Late Work, 
1964-72'* (1981). “Monet: Les 
Nympteas” ( J986). “Douglas Coo- 


per and the Cubist Masters” (1987- 
88) and “Paul Cezanne: Tbe Bath- 


New Zealand in the 100 meters at 
the 1924 Olympics in Paris. The 
games were tbe subject of the film 
“Chariots of Fire.” which told tbe 
stories of the Scottish runner Eric 
Lidden. who would not compete on 
Sundays, and England’s Harold 
Abrahams, who won the gold med- 
al in tbe race in which Lord Porritt 
won his bronze. 


88) and “Paul Cezanne: Tbe Bath- 
ers" (1989). 


Lord Porritt, 93. a 1924 Olympic 
medal winner, a governor-general 
of New Zealand and surgeon to the 
British royal family for more than 
20 years, died in London on Satur- 
day. He won a bronze medal for 


Janies Gemeut, 75. who guided 
the growth of tbe King Ranch into 
a multinational corporation, died 
Sunday in Kingsville, Texas. The 
825,000-acrc (about 350.000-hcct- 
are) ranch produces cattle, horses 
and oiL 

WIffian Morris. SO. editor in 


chief of the fust edition of the 
American Heritage Dictionary in 
1969. died Sunday in Cotunibus, 
Ohio. Later, be edited the Grotier 
Universal Encyclopedia and tbe 
Encyclopedia International and 
was editor in chief for Grosset & 
Dunlap. In 1968, be appeared on 
the Connecticut ballot as Eugene 
McCarthy’s vice presdential can- 
didate. 

Benjamin L. Boswurth, 76, a pris- 
oner erf war during World War II 
who tried to tunnd his way out of 
Stalag 17 prison, died Sunday in 
Edwardsville, Illinois. He was se- 
verely disciplined for trying to es- 
cape. The afort was made into a 
movie named for tbe prison camp. 


TRAVEL UPDATE 
Foxhole CaveJn Derailed TGV 


PARIS (Reuters) —A high-speed French TGV train jumped the track 
last month because rain-soaked ground under its rails collapsed into 
military trendies and foxhoks diig during World War L nuhoad officials 
said Tuesday. • 

The officials said tbe nndQground holes were not pinpointed in 
documents or geological soundings taken before the high-speed line was 
built in northern France. Bat an initial i nvestigation % geological and 
mining experts^ has proved that the sodden cave-in of ballast on the fine 
was due to ground weakened by trendies and foxholes. 

The train was traveling at its top omsihg speed, 300 kSometera 
(180m3es) an hour, when it derailed an Dec. 21, hut (he caniaga 
remained upright and no. one was seriously injured. . 


Israel Plans New Td Aviv Airport 

JERUSALEM (AFP) — Israd plans to buM a new TeLAviv airport to 
senre as a crossroads to Asia and Africa m apeaceful Middle East tafore 
the turn of the century, transport officials said Ttiesday. The Transport 
Ministry said the airport, to be called “Ben Gunan-2000” and to be omit 
in toe shape of the Star of David, wonld quadruple air traffic through Td 
Aviv to a capacity of 16 nnQidn passengers per year. 

Tbe shape of the airport is detigned to ensure that pilots dearly 
recognize it from the air and not land by mistake in Amman, as . 
sometimes happens, an official said. Td Aviv airport now has a capacity : 
of 4 million to 5 mflKon passengers per day. 

A winter storm in the Urated Stoles tied up traffic, shot rail lines, 
delayed flights at some airports and dumped more than a foot of snow in 
places from tbe Carolinas to Maine on Tuesday. In New York Qty, the 
storm left a oust of sleet and slush mixed with rain, playing havoc 'with 
commuters. Boston’s Logan airport dosed for a while, wiDe airports 
elsewhere in the region were open but experiencmg kni^ddayx. Pitts- 
burgh’s airport said no flights were taking off or arriving. Forecasters sad 
more snow, rain and ice were on the way. ... . (Reuters) 

United Airfioes wifl begin an expansion of service to the Pacific from 
San Frandsco that eventually ^ wfll give it 74 weddy nonstop flights to the 
region. United is to start its first daily service Unking both Bepng and 
Sh a n g h ai on Feb. 13. It added halrowouMbcgiri three flights each week 
from San Francisco to Sydney in Jun& : (Bloomberg) 


Maintenance Is Faulted 
In Russian Jet Disaster 


ConpUed by Om Staff From Dapadta 

MOSCOW — Investigators 
looking into tbe crash of an airliner 
in Siberia that killed 121 people 
□ted overloading and a badly re- 
paired engine as posable causes, 
tbe press agency Itar-Tass said 
Tuesday. 


two fata! crashes in August that kft 
more than 100 people dead. 

Itar-Tass quoted unofficial 
sources as saying there were four 
passengers on die plane who had 
iwt bemi included in tbe passenger 
fist Crew members often smuggle 


polls before speaking out, and they 
show an appreciable drop in Israelii 


public support for tbe September 
agreement. That decline is reflected 
also among Palestinians, who are 
similarly wary’ of IsraeTs inten- 
tions. 

Their suspicions have deepened 
since the continuing arguments 
over security issues impelled Israel 
to miss a Dec. 13 target daw for 
beginning a troop withdrawal- 


The governmental co mm i s sion 
investigating Monday’s acadent 
said the "n**t likdjr cause was 
that the aircraft's central engin^ 


recently remounted alter an over- 
haul had been inadeauatelv re- 


haul tad been inadequately re- 
paired. the agency said, citing 


sources dose to the commission. 


The sources also said that the 
plane, a Tu-154, ought have been 
carrying as much as 20 tons of 

excess weight, which was a factor in 


planes to make extra money. Such 
riders are called “zaitsi,” or “rab- 
bits.” _ . _ 

. Preimmiary finding s confirmed 
concerns expressed in tbe immedi- 
ate aftermath erf foe crash over the 
dedrnmg safety of Russian avia- 
tion. • . 

The plane was operated by-Bair 
ks3 Air, one of the regional inde- 
pendent airlines f ramwl in-1992 
after the breakup of the Sofrictstate 

“dine. (AFF, Reuters AP) 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1994 


sr^ 

? S88Ar*. 


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*^ ******* jwau o^u cm^ 

.11 ’ ''* r e*T«AtTbm Sank* - 

-as&ri 1 * 

wsease Oratfpl aad firewanfai, 14 duMien had to 

«4.. S’ roHerS 
tease of wnmlic^ns': 
ifXHntong-ttiiu treatment "With mtravcaons antibiot- 
ks : Jiwugh die childnai’s doctor defends their Treat- 
mrau the centers tframd i» modem* tori most <sf fbe 
CTildiceQ even had Lyme disease. 

In anotha caava.New Jersey doctors taste was 
referring 

noas an tibiotics in the Bona. The Board of M « ta l 



The bacten&lbai causes Lyme disease is carried by 
eer ticks tharfrite fesBaBAewftigto a buHVc^ie rash 


csriy, &SZ often remedied b^afringle 
coarse, of ra*i.aiuifawDc&. Ignored, ii can produce 
cardiac and oejffokgrcal preens, mriraft n g facial 
paralysis, aad-taicr still, arthritis or inflammation of 
.the main or nerves. 

..Even at (his ‘fete stogfc mriy'dad^ 

.disease canbedetccted through an examination of 
sfhnallhndairfoilwteststtndt^tencanbecuredbya 
-month of intravenous antibiotics. This is the generally 
recommeodKl approach. Most doctors now say, how- 
ever, that this treatment may fail in rare instances 
vrhcre iLyjnc disease has infected the central nervous 


: iaecqoxn>fie^flnnlves theprolonged use of intra- 
venous antibiotics to treat dbroiuc infections. Thai use 


can cost as much as S57.000 a month and has been 
reported to cause lifcuhreaterung complications. 

- Health experts in the New York region say over- 
diagnosis stems largely from the lack of any simple 
concosive test for Lyme disease and the lack of 
agreement over how frequently the infection persists 
or recurs. 

Another factor, they say, is greed: Some Lyme- 
disease hot Uses refer patients to a network of doctors 
and clinics that will readily, and often wrongly, diag- 
nose Lyme disease in return for payments from com- 
panics'lhat sell in-home treatment. 

“The bulk of the evidence suggests that Lvmc dis- 
ease is ovendLignosed sod that many of those given the 
diagnosis do not have the disease and will not benefit 
from antibiotic treatment." coaduded a commitiee of 
medical experts appointed by the New Jersey Health 
Department after a report last February on problems 
at the Jersey Shore Medical Center in Neptune. 

White the comariuee acknowledged that in individ- 
ual cases, “underdiagnoss can be just as serious a 


problem as overdiagnosis/' it sajd the greater number 
of patients risk hazardous see effects of “antibiotics 
given for a disease they do sot have.” 

The issue has become public asd political. Os one 
side are pattern advocates. creg&japaRies aad a small 
number of practicing doctors who favor long-term 
antibiotic treatment for chrcstc infections. On the 
other are physicians and research scientists, together 
with insurance companies that generally stop paying 
for intravenous antibiotics after 2$ days: ail poem out 
the absence of any published research to justify the 
risks of such treatments. 

In 1992. 9,677 cases of Lyme were reported to the 
Centers for Disease Central mostly in East Coast 
states north of Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Allen C Steere of Tuffs Lavers:*., who first 
identified Lyme disease in 1975. wrote rscectiv tiut 
mere than three-quarters of the patients referred to his 
Lyme Disease Clinic al the New England Medical 
Center and the majority of ’GO patiects at a New 
Jersey Lyme referral center were raisciaanosed and 
given unnecessary antibiotics. 


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By Steven Pcaiistein 

Wafhmglcn Peat Sendee ] ~ ' 

BOSTON—Maric him down fora solid B for his 
freshman year. . . 

The nation’s economics professms, 'meeting here 
between semesten; gave ftesiAsat BiB Cfintim h*h 
marks'for lpj handling of eronomic policy m his first 
year in office. 7 ' 

“The administration's performance was riot only 
surprisingly positive, it was also very good,” Rudiger I 
Dornbusch <rf the Massachusetts Idstfmte nf Terfiwnt . 
ogy told the American Eotmoonc Assodatkffl on 
Monday..^ " 

“A good spring semester," declared the Nobtilao- 
reateXawrence R. Klein oftheUmveraty ctf Penn$jdr 
vamai-He said the administration deserved at least 
half the credit for' the drop in'ihterest rates over the 
past year and two consecutive years of reduced USL . 
-budget deficits. . . .. 

Mr. Qinum's 'lpvrest marit came Itdid^ ^ Martin S. 
Fddstein of^ Harvard, who- served a* dwinnap ef 
President Ronald Riagan’s eotmcal of Econondc 
Advisers. • 

He predicted that Mr. Ointm would realize no. 
more than half of the $500 btOion in de&it reduction 
that has been prqjectod far die next five years. ^ The tax 
increases on the wfafthy.jbe smcLwH dis(Kra*gp them 
frwn eaniing andinves^awiyiekifitttemadd^ 
al revenue for the Treasury ^ - 1 J ; . 1 

Mr- Fddaem,lmownfcrhisstamuhd^easeoffree 
markets, concededih&t ht was in the somewhat awk- 
ward position of ar^uing that the stock add bond . 
markets were wrong m having responded as pionUively 


as they did to the passage of the CUnton economic 


■ He drew a sharp rehnke from sdnsmstratioa and 
" academic econo mis ts far Ms assertion that a ti.1 per- 
cent aaozn^oyment rate is as dose as the nation can 
come to full employment without causing a dangerous 
neWTOUnrinf mfl*rtn n 

. “We definitely d£m*t accept" that," replied Alan S. 
Blinder, a membet o( the Council of Economic Advis- 
ers. He sdd the unemployment rate could descend 
comfortably to 5.5 permit wixbont igniting inflation. 
* U^tffidabalrradyhaveagnaled that they believe 
interest rates should r e main where they are fra the 
foreseeable future. 

A broad array of coanomists gave Mr. GinbHi high 
marks for tntcffigence and good iaien&jas. 

“He has tent acdterencc to economic discourec that 
we bavort seen in-aJong time, 1 " said Stqjhen CoBen- 
bagof tbe University of Cahfomia at Rnerdale. 


poor, but fike many at the season, expressed disap- 
pom tmeai that he to r>ra bem ahte m do more about 
.it, 

“He can lake some credit for raising the confidence 
of the btraness world and ransomers," add Dimitri 
Fapadimitriou of Bud College in New YorL “But I 
would haws Hired to see more m the area erf education, 
training and investment in physical infrastructure.** 
yitt general, Mr. CSarion got his highest marks in 
.trade and international economic issues. 


CIA Desfayyed Files on Its Tests, Expert Says 


- .. Raun-.'_ -t 

- WASHINqTpN -^ ^puHic : 
may neyer get thefidl stray of t &’ , 
onet govfirt^Btrt 

on Atneritans.dromg u» Cold War . 
because 1 the. Central. Ihu^enw 


a saeatist saw Ttiesdgy., . . >; 

.. Steven Aftergood, a sepira iij- 
searefier with thfr ’Federation; <rf. 
-American, Scientjsts,.-a private 
group, said the .CIA in;l?93[-^- 
stroyed many files ra nKfiation 
tests that it seqtetly conducted on 
people from . 1 953 to I 9^7/ 7 
. the CtArhas^ae^teyed its 
records of tins activity, titen we wQl 
never get; to ihe bottoin ■ of this 
. "sioiy," Mr. Afte^opd said. : . 


In another ./deyidopmiav the 
dtairaiab 

mationioit bow U JS. nodear weap- 
rrir tests m^y. have affected 
ij?ad€»t»lctf teMarsh^Islawk . 
V- Repoctsebiteive^ Milter, la 
. CSBfoniiaJDenwcite, said in a-let- 
ter to Mr^ Qgitoa tha} of particular 
coocexiLWias theTdanS 1,1954, test 
on Bflrim AtaUlfhe tot had a high, 
yidd^^md t^dioacti ve faDota .was 
Mown ofer.a wid ekreat, inctoding 
the ■ mhkMted -ManhaS Jdaods 


dent NeEsm ARoekefdkr report- 
ed in I975;tk«t the ( OA had con- 


ing. were ordered destroyed in 
1STO.- the SodatiSeOra.CommissioQ 
? reported. ' v- - 

Mr. Christian said the CIA 
would take part * i as fully as appro- 
priatt" in an inter-agency task 
force set up Monday. to uncover 
details of experiments carried out 
m the decades after World War DL 

Betides stndying the effects of 
hahuoaogemc drngs such as LSD, 
the CIA explored “tbe effects of 
radiation, dec trie shock, psycholo- 
gy, psychiatry, sociology and ha- 
rassment substances," the Rocke- 
feller Commission reported. 

. The conmustion’5 report is not 
dear cm which CIA files were de- 



• Gary, Indiana, is now tbe murder capital of the 
United States. There were 110 murders in Gary 
last year, which represented a nationwide high of 
91 per 100.000 residents. 

• The New York Ofy Board of Education has 
tentatively decided to carry out a court's wishes 
and give parents the right to deride whether ibeir 
children receive condoms in a program aimed to 
prevent AIDS. 

• Mskm of violent video games are moving quick- 
ly to mollify parents alarmed by their children's 
playing -with vampires and homicidal warriors on 
TV. Undex growing pressure from Congress to 


start a rating system, they are meeting in Las 
Vegas. The meeting occurs after a threat by law- 
makers to impose ratings. 

• A federal judge in New York said he expected 
that the trial of Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman and 
14 others charged with plotting to bomb New Y ork 
City landmarks will be delayed until September. 

• Dr. Jack Kerorfcxan was charged in Michigan in 
the death of a doctor who had bone cancer, ft is the 
fourth time he has been charged with violating the 
Michigan ban on assisted suicide. He is under 
house arrest in another assisted suicide case. 

Reuters, V1T. AP 


Bentsen Seeks to Cud Phony Gun Dealers 


WASHINGTON — ■ Treasury Secretary Lloyd Ben ism has pro- 
posed laws under which gur. dealers would pay So00 a year for 
firearms licenses, to discourage ali but leguinuie businesses from 
obtaining the permits. 

The annual" fee now is S1G and is rising so 565 under recently 
passed legislation, but Mr. 3eEi>en suti the new fee "isn't jusi 
ridiculous” but "goes aii the ajy jo reckless." 

The increase fie ts proposing. Mr. Bcntssa said, is needed because 
"many people eel licenses not ’to <di firearms but to buy them cheap 
for thsmsebtfs’" 

"We have over ZOO million guns.” nevoid. “Every 10 seconds a gun 
rolls off an assembly line. Every t { seconds we import a gun.” 

The higher fee. he’ said, “should eliminate 109.000 dealers. leaving 
only the actual ones in place.” 

“And it will end the de facto taxpayer subsidizing of the gun 
business.” 

Mr. Be.ntsen. who spoke after a law-enforcemeni awards ceremo- 
ny, said the Clinton administration also would propCise legislation to 
require a federal permii for people who buy dynamite and other 
explosives, such as those used in a series of bombings last week in 
western New York. 

Tbe proposal also would make theft of explosives a federal felony. 
Mr. Bentsen said. He unveiled the proposals as pan of a broad 
administration effort to -ireneihen federal regulation of firearms. 

U.S. Rolls Out Playful TV Ads for Condoms 


WASHINGTON — With a playful 30-second ad, the Ginton 
admitusiration launched a new. would-be hip television advertising 
campaign Tuesday to encourage young Americans to protect them- 
selves against AIDS. 

In it. a couple gropes between the sheets on a disheveled bed. 
Suddenly a dresser drawer springs open and to James Bond-type 
music, out pops a foil-wrapped condom. It skitters across the floor, 
past a startled cat and discreetly dives into action on the bed. 

“It would be nice if latex condoms were automatic.” an announcer 
intones. “Bot since they’re not. using them should be.” 

All four U.S. broadcast television networks and many cable TV 
outlets and radio stations have agreed to run the ads. produced for 
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That represents a 
change from previous network policies that treated ads mentioning 
condoms and AIDS warily. M f*i 


Lawmaker, Retiring, Urges Old-Timers to Go 


WASHINGTON — After 17 years in Congress. Representative 
Douglas Applegate. 65. Democrat of Ohio, says he is ready to retire 
and recommends that other old-timers do the same. ”Ii is time for 
younger people to take the reins of government and lead us into the 
next century.” he said. ”1 would lunher suggest that other older 
members of’ Congress consider this, as well” 

Two other colleagues agreed with him. Representative Thomas E, 
Lewis, 69. a Florida Republican who has served 11 years in the 
House, said he also would not seek re-election in November. 

And Representative Alfred A. McC and less. Republican of Cali- 
fomia, said Tuesday that be would retire at year's end after 12 years 
in the House. “What I have not had,” he said, “is a Friday or 
Monday without an airplane in it; a leisurely breakfast; dinner at the 
dinner hour, little RAR time, or even much time with my family.” 
The three retirements brought to 26 the number of House mem- 
bers who have announced that will leave after the current term. 
Fourteen of those leaving are Republicans. fAP/ 


For Paekwood, It's Three Questions and Out 


BEAVERTON. Oregon — Making his first public appearance in 
his home state in five months. Senator Bob Paekwood stalked out of 
a news conference after just three questions. 

"See you later, folks.” he said Monday after being asked once if he 
planned to resign and twice about where he lives. 

Aides had tried to limit the questions to health care at the news 
conference, held after Mr. Paekwood addressed a luncheon on health 
care reform. 

“The first three questions weren't germane, so he's out of here," a 
Paekwood aide said 

Mr. Packwoood, 61, a Republican who lives in Washington, last 
year sold the trailer borne that was his Oregon residence. He would 
have to establish a legal residence to run for a sixth term in 1998. 

The Senate Select Committee on Ethics is investigating allegations 
by more than two dozen women that Mr. Paekwood made unwanted 
sexual advances over the years. The commitiee and the Justice 
Department also are investigating whether Mr. Paekwood used his 
office to try to arrange jobs for his wife. His diaries are in the custody 
of a federal court while be fights subpoenas for them. 

Mr. Paekwood has denied breaking any laws and said he has no 
intention of resigning. fAP) 


Quote / Unquote 


Dennis Archer, newly sworn in as mayor of Detroit: “Get a grip 
on your life, and the lives of your children. Stand with me when 1 tell 
the Dope Man: Get off our streets. Stand with me when 1 tell the 
Dope Man: Leave our children alone.” fAP) 

Tom Murphy, the new mayor of Pittsburgh: “These are our kids, 
both the ones being shot and the ones doing the shooting. Get out of 
your comfortable lives and get into the lives of these kids." fAP) 


i Faults 


U’s Voters 

fta MSllinns $15.7 Milium 


U.S. Was Slow to Act on Warning 
Of Turbulence From Boeing 757 


.. 

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By James Biboiie " ‘ ’ 

New -YorkTUxs Soviet -. •• 

. RIO DE-JANEIRO; — Jo5o 

Alves would Ske you to bdieve that 

■he is the world’s hiddestman. ■ 

' ;To explain how Became $0 de- 
posit S51 mfflkm -in Ws baok .ao- 
crauts! since .1989, the ; congress- 
jaaB, /WhoseVanttuaL s alary is 

ttw He had. 

‘two 24fiOCfl(menes. . •: \ . 

• ~Oot year after a mnlri nriukat- - 
dollar craroptioo; scan dal faced 
Bfaai’s pnstidem from office, an 

. fflprmctus new scandaL iavohmg 
d yenii of mcEmbeKofGcingrcss,K 

■ -shaking iosiiy Bm zf l iaiS ’ ® 

denKtcracy. . r , " 

-And ritfion^i Braa&ms have 
grown cynical aid resigncd.to *t>- 
nes abouirairttptionithelatot tor 
closures hay&ahocked peqpte.b* 
of the crtraradaiaty. sqtfe. 
and brazenness. 

The djsfflnaomnent wnh U» po- 

systah has 50 ^ 

Sc 10 avaians. .m I98i 
from hibernation recentiy -and 


amotraBraaSani in andout of tuti- 
forxn. “Xq moments erf turbulence, 
miKtaiy leaders have' always 
proved tobe strong feaders.’’ - ; 

; No ope feais . a possiWe coup 
reluming Brazil to ssinaty rule, 
but General- Leratefs comments 
rqwesented aa- extraordinary at- 
traqjt to ndtoence events aftersev- 
exal years in^ wbicit Jhe^ ^annjr has 
been atoof ftom p^tics. : . 

Feeding the anger,: Brazilians 
. stn^gte' under hxflarirat of 2^00 
penxnt a year wh3o thtyread ^that 
members -« Otegress^ ^apparently 
pocketed 5200 ^nmlkKi irtjederal 
; j^w»chaitiesu ' 


iaos ate opqnly nostalgic for the 
tow inflation mtd'h^h growth in 
the- yeapr of mflrtaiy , rule, from 
1964. to 19SS-. Half .e t those re- 
.jpgttifing to; polls, nwrtindy .^ay 
Brail -docs hot need its Cortgrcss- 
■ Si gnaling - an intention, to dean 
hodse, Congrss voted Dec,. 15"to 
ctpd three members for .invrdvc- 
meol. in an unrelated cairtptioo. 
scandal Arid oh Dot 27, a sub- 
'cramoitiee studying the theft of 


ian dejnoCTac^ and is ^trying to b<rf- 
ster BcaziTS vreakpresitoii, Itanutr 
Franco, in bis last year in office. A 
sew president and & new Congress 
are to be elected m October. 

Francw.acoogresanansquinn- 
ing under trieviston B^its is almost 
a daily spectacle as investigators 
rmravd a scheme that apparently 
enabled dozens of legislators to 
steal hundreds of millions of dol- 
lars &om the federal budget since 
1989, the year that Congress won 
expanded powere ewee the bndgeL 
. One of those appearing was Mr. 
A|ves; the lottexy winner, who Bred 
vs a two-room apartment until 
1963, the year he was riected to 
Cm^ress. Three decades later, lm 
Aunties 1% private jet between his 
lakdront nsuiaoQ m Brasilia and 


The Associated P/ess 

TALLAHASSEE Florida 
— A Tallahassee woman won 
S15.7 million in the lottery on 
Sept. 4 — then waited until 
Christmas to teQ anyone. 

After all the other presents 
were opened, Johnnie Mosley 
gave her husband, Charles, a 
folder and told him, “Hus is 
the best 1 can do." 

Inside was a copy of the 
Florida lottery ticket and 
newspaper clippings detailing 
a four-month search for the 
winner. 

“My dad thought it was a 
Joke at first," said the Mosleys’ 
. 15-year-old son, Mika “Bat 
when my mom told him it 
wasn’t we all started cry- 


itsdf, fasL 
■ “Beware- the 


of' the.le- 
ne&loOn- 


isqpjpcffi qfseyeo others. 

\ Many analysts hOT.^sfieve tiie 
jnffitary dots not intend to iretnm 


. dor. ooe of Brazil's poorest cities. 

“God helped a», and I made 
money,” -the congressman rasped 
before cameras wfan asfced..aooul 
the source of his fortune. 

. Extorting M cfcbadca from con- 
struction companies; charities, 
members of Congress and mayors, 
he received $51 imlUpn in deposits 
since 1988, ibe investigators said. 

. ■ After it was learaed that S3.7 
miffioa was deposited in an ao- 

nvmf mnfinllft: hv rmr- nf hk 


The Mosleys will receive 
5789,000 a year for 20 years. 


called her “Brazil's wealthiest 
mad.” 

To make has fortune appear 1 c- 
gjtimate 16 Brazilian tax authori- 
ties, Mr. Alv« bet heavily on lot- 
teries, investigators said. 

According to a study by iha Fed- 
eral Savings Bank, he bet 529 md- 

Itm and avtn CO tmUinn afhinh he 


Los Angeles Tima Smrnce 

SANTA ANA California — The 
Federal Aviation Administration 
had evidence dating as far bock as 
October 1991 that Boeing 757s 
cause unusually dangerous wake 
turbulence, but tbe agency issued 
□o public warning until last month 
— after the deaths of 13 people in 
two plane crashes which are be- 
lieved to have been linked to the 
phenomenon. 

Wake turbulence occurs when a 
large plane slices through the air, 
leaving a trail of horizontal cy- 
clones that spring out from each 

wi 2£ dp ’- - L 

The aviation agency' has said it 

was not until early last year that it 
learned of the problem. 

But documents obtained fay the 
Los Angeles Times indicate that it 
was aware of the problem long be- 
fore the agency's administrator, 
David Hinson, issued a nationwide 
directive Dec. 22 that air traffic 


con ur oilers issue wake turbulence 
warnings to pilots landing behind 
757s, 

Since the fall of J 99 1, at least two 
formal reports on the dangers were 
given to the agency. 

These reports were made in addi- 
tion to anecdotal evidence that was 
gathered from pilots by the Nation- 
al Aeronautics and Space Adminis- 
trarion: 

In October 199 1, two researchers 
who conducted wake turbulence 
studies on 757 s at the agency’s re- 
quest reported that the plane 
caused more turbulence than any 
ever tested before. 

Tbe researchers speculated that 
the place’s uniquely designed fuel- 
efficient wing may be the cause. 

They recommended that the 
agency immediately require that 
smaller planes be kept four miles, 
or 65 kilometers, behind 757s on 
final approach. 

Also in October 1991. the British 


GviJ Aviation Authority presented 
a report at an FAA-sponsored sym- 
posium in Washington, saying that 
the 757 had been involved m a 
higher proportion of wake turbu- 
lence-related incidents than other 
aircraft its sue. 

Calling the 757 an “anomaly" 
among similar aircraft, the report 
said, “It is important to address the 
B-757 problem.” 

Officials with the Aviation Safe- 
ty Reporting System, after collect- 
ing and reviewing 757 rurbulence- 
related reports from pilots 
nationwide, brought Ibe problem 
to the agency's attention twice in 
1993. 

The repotting system is run by 
the US. space agency. 


Diet-Cancer Link 
For Nonsmokers 

Reuters 

WASHINGTON — A diet rich 
in raw fruit, vegetables, cheese and 
Vitamin E can reduce the risk of 
lung cancer for nonsmofcers. ac- 
cording to a study to be made pub- 
lic on Wednesday. 

Scientists have known that 
smokers can benefit from such a 
diet, but a new study reported in 
the Journal of the National Cancer 
Institute makes a connection for 
those who do not smoke. 

Raw fruit and vegetables are 
good sources of boa carotene, 
which has been associated with a 
reduced lung cancer risk in smok- 
ers. the study said. Vnazrnn E sup- 
plements are also effective in cut- 
ting risk, the study found. 

Of 826 subjects in the study, 44 
percent had never smoked and 56 
percent quit smoking 10 years or 
more before being studied. 


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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5,1994 


p I IV i 


A Gap to Bridge in Mexico 


Tale of Two Mexicos 

There is another, older Mexico beneath the 
free market, modernizing society being fash* 
ioned by President Carlos Sa linas de Gonari 
— a Mexico of subsistence agriculture, native 
peoples and Emiliano Zapata, the land-io- 
tbe-peasanis hero of the 19 10-1917 Mexican 
Revolution. That other Mexico is epitomized 
by Chiapas, ihe poor southern state on the 
Guatemalan border where armed Indian 
guerrillas invoking Zapata took over four 
towns on Saturday and where clashes between 
Mexico's army and the rebels have left scores 
of Indians dead Reports are sketchy, but 
most guerrilla fatalities appear to have been 
inflicted while the rebels were retreating. 

The Chiapas uprising was timed to coincide 
with the formal start of the North American 
Free Trade Agreement, Like other peasants 
toiling on the fringes or Mexico's capitalist 
economy, many Indians living in the jungles 
of Chiapas fed left out of the economic gains 
of recent years and fear the free market, free 
trade future that NAFTA symbolizes. What 
economists hail as rational use of resources 
looks to them like yet another assault on the 
traditional way of life they prize. 

Mexico is a huge country, and the rebels 
represent only a small slice of the most radical- 
ly disaffected peasants and leftists. The clashes 
in Chiapas do not seem to herald any wider 
national insurrection. Bui this embarrassing 
revolt of the forgotten challenges the Salmas 
administration on two sensitive issues — ac- 
countability in the use of military and police 

An Inquiry Is in Order 

Like a mural come down off a wall, a 
peasant “revolution'' burst forth in tbe poor- 
est and most southerly part of Mexico over 
the New Year weekend Some hundreds of 
armed men and women eluded preemption by 
Mexico's vaunted intelligence and showed 
themselves organized enough to briefly cap- 
ture a good-sized city, San Cristobal de las 
Casas, in Chiapas. After two days of righting, 
in which dozens were killed on both sides, 
rebels still held three towns. Ostensibly, the 
uprising was timed to the effective date of the 
new trade agreement with Washington. The 
rebels reject the government's depiction of the 
North American Free Trade Agreement as a 
patriotic act of economic growth, terming it a 
class conspiracy against the landless and poor. 

This is the first major uprising in Mexico in 
20 years, and as such an embarrassment for 
President Carlos Salinas de Gortari. But a 
certain level of unrest is Famili ar u> Chiapas 
and other states isolated from the moderniz- 
ing currents that Mr. Salinas, more than any 
other Mexican leader, has encouraged. Con- 
spiracy theories flourish in Mexico. In this 
instance, some suggest that there has been an 
infection from local radicals or from guerrillas 
across the border in Guatemala. It is asked 


force, and compassion for Mexicans more in- 
terested in holding onto a traditional way of Hfe 
than in fast-track capitalist devdopmaiL 

It is in Mexico’s northern border states, 
close to the United States, that free market 
development and continental integration have 
proceeded furthest Southern states like Chia- 
pas represent the opposite extreme. As lush as 
the north is arid, the south has for centuries 
been an arena of violent conflict between 
largely landless Indians and tbe farmer and 
rancher descendants of the conquisiadores. 
The slogans of 1910, particularly those of 
Zapata, who rallied the landless peasants of 
the south, still resonate here. 

It is the legacy of 1910 — nationalism, 
protectionism and legal restrictions on large 
landholdings — that Mr. Salinas has spent his 
presidency dismantling. His textbook eco- 
nomic reforms should make it easier for Mexi- 
co to compete for the capital it needs to 
develop. Over time, that could significantly 
lift living standards in all regions of Mexico 
for people of all ethnic backgrounds. 

But this Mexican revolution is being im- 
posed from above. Too many Mexican citi- 
zens remain alienated from local govern- 
ments that owe more to patronage than to a 
habitually tainted electoral process, and 
fearful of corrupt and violent police and 
military officials. If Mexico is to take its 
place among the democracies of North 
America, the gap between economics and 
politics — and between the two Mexicos — 
urgently needs to be bridged 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 

whether the opposition to Mr. Salinas may 
have thought to stage an incident to discredit 
his gutsy devotion to free trade. 

But no elaborate theory is needed to under- 
stand the pain in Chiapas. The prime threat to 
democracy in the Americas now comes from 
the corruptions of power and from the gap 
between neb and poor. Mexico is not coming 
apart under the weigh t of NAFTA. NAFTA is 
in fact part of the remedy. But NAFTA has 
quickened popular expectations of breaking 
out of Latin America's lingering feudal dark- 
ness and perhaps nowhere more so than in the 
places that have fallen the farthest behind 

In helping worthy Latins to make their 
countries grow, private lenders, international 
development banks and friendly governments 
all have their work cat out. In the Chiapas 
affair, however, Mr. Salinas has his own re- 
sponsibilities. His government must proceed 
strictly according to law in the quelling of the 
rebellion and in dealing with its judicial after- 
math. Promptly, as things settle down, there 
must be a credible nonpartisan investigation, 
including the origins of the disorder on the 
peasant side and the official response. This is 
the sort of event that, handled the wrong way, 
can become more troublesome in the follow- 
up than in the event itself. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Yes, a Special Prosecutor 


Senior Republicans, after years of resisting 
the appointment of independent counsels to 
investigate suspected mischief in the executive 
branch, are now demanding that an outsider 
probe some Arkansas banking and invest- 
ment deals that touch President and Mrs. 
Clinton. Why the switch? Politics, of course. 
Still, the Republicans are on the right track. 
Independent counsels are sometimes neces- 
sary to keep government honest. 

The White House sees only politics. The 

B ’ dent’s aides insist that “no laws have been 
en." Hillary Rodham Clinton still wonders 
why anyone is curious about the family's real 
estate partnership with a failed savings and 
loan operator. And Attorney General Janet 
Reno argues lamely that no one would trust her 
to name a truly independent investigator. 

Demands for a special counsel are coming 
not only from partisan infighiers like Bob Dole, 
the Senate Republican leader, and Newt Ging- 
rich, the House Republican whip, but also from 
moderates like Jim Leach, tbe ranking Republi- 
can on the House Banking Committee. All 
make the same ample complaint: The adminis- 
tration cannot be trusted to investigate itself. 

No outsider can possibly know the scope of 
the Justice Department investigation now un- 
der way. For all the public has been able to 
learn so far, it is unclear whether the relation- 
ship reflected little more than the garden 
variety cronyism for which Arkansas is fam- 
ous or whether it involved serious criminality. 

In any case, legitimate suspicions have aris- 
en that James McDougal — the Clintons’ land 
partner and operator of the defunct Madison 
Guaranty Savings and Loan who helped the 
Qinions financiall y — may have benefited 
from lenient regulation when Bill Clinton was 
governor. A companion question is whether 
tiie failure to police Mr. McDougal more 
carefully led to excessive federal bailout costs 
when hu institution failed. 

These long-simmering insinuations 
reached a boil two weeks ago with the news 
that White House aides removed Tiles bear- 
ing on tbe real estate partnership from tbe 
office of Vincent Foster, the deputy White 
House counsel after be committed suicide 
last spring. Only now is the White House, in 
response to a public damor. moving to produce 


those documents for the Justice Department. 

Ms. Reno, defending her handling of the 
case, contends rightly that it would be better 
for everyone if the Independent Counsel Act, 
which expired more than a year ago. were 
available. That law, which Congress is prepar- 
ing to revive, allows a court-appointed inde- 
pendent prosecutor for cases where the execu- 
tive branch has a conflict of interest. 

But Mr. Dole and others are also right w 
argue that even without the law, Ms. Reno is 
free under Justice Department regulations to 
pick a special counsel with nearly as much job 
tenure as tbe statute would provide. Yes, the 
choice would be hers, and some might ques- 
tion it — but not if she chose a legal figure of 
national reputation, like Archibald Cox and 
Leon Jaworskd in the Watergate period, be- 
fore the statute was enacted. 

To call for a special appointment is not to 
disparage the career prosecutors now working 
on the Arkansas cases. It is simply to recog- 
nize, as the attorney general has acknow- 
ledged in testifying for renewal of the indepen- 
dent counsel law, that self-investigation lacks 
the credibility that the public has the right to 
require. Tbe Clinton administration, which 
campaigned on a plank of open government 
and impartial justice, should not have to learn 
this lesson from its Republican opponents. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 

Other Comment 

In America, Recovery in the Air 

You can sense it in the air, see it on the 
streets, bear it on the shop floor This growth is 
for real The economy has become much 
healthier than many people seem to realize. 
Time and thrift have brought tbe problems of 
the past decade to manageable proportions. 

Another force is at work — a nascent and 
guarded recovery of spirit. In more and more 
Factories, offices and homes, you find a new 
“This is how it's going to be, let’s get on with 
our lives" attitude. Tbe sober but proactive 
mood is a key element in transforming a 
problematic recovery into a durable one. 

— Fortune (New Yorki. 



International Herald Tribune 

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Cv- Chairmen 

RICHARD McCLEAN. Publisher £ Chief Exe< un\r 
JOHN VINOCUR. Exeunt Ei&nr £ lireftestiftf 

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Bosnia’s Holocaust Puts the Churches to Shame 

.r EW YORK— Pope John Paul ITs C hristmas By Henry Siegman dying this winter (the US. State Department says 

N message, in which, he expressed compassion e that nearly 3 million Bosnians are at risk), might 


N EW YORK — Pope John Paul ITs Christmas 
message, in which he expressed compassion 
for “the suffering peoples of Bosnia-H erzegovina, ” 
was surely heartfelt, but it reminds us of the 
fecklessness and irrelevance of Western religious 
institutions — Catholic, Protestant and Jewish — 
in the face of the modem Holocaust that is taking 
place in the heart of Europe. 

Given the impotence of religious institutions as 
tbe agony of Bosnia continues, how pathetic their 

Anything short of a demand by 
the churches for military inter- 
vention is cant and hypocrisy, 

pretensions that they serve as unique agents for 
peace. Surely, in Bosnia they have done nothing of 
the kind. If anything religious sentiment has fu- 
eled the genocide that is taking place there. 

The ambivalence and consequent impotence of 
the churches is perhaps understandable. Despite 
Catholic doctrine on “just wars," our churches find 
it virtually impossible to advocate the use of force. 
Tragically, there are times when only resort to 
violence can end the slaughter of innocents. 

That was true in Wodd War H and it is true 
today in Bosnia. Only the use erf 1 air power to silence 


By Henry Siegman 


Serbian guns and a lifting of the arms embargo — 
which has punished rally victims, not aggressors — 
could possibly end the one-sided slaughter. 

Because rc&giqus institutions have failed to call 

for such miDtary in tcTventkm, they have allowed evil 

to have its way. Whai is worse, too often their pious 
declarations have failed to distinguish between the 
victims and their tormentors. That failure nourishes 
a perverse moral equivalence that is invoked by 
governments to justify inaction and cowardice. 

I write these lines in sadness, not to point an 
securing finger. Haunted by the memory of tbe 
Holocaust, Jewish organizations have spoken out 
on Bosnia more forcefully than have others, but 
their pronouncements and public hand-wringing 
mean little. Religious institutions in the United 
States have not undertaken the kind of political 
action to which they resort so effectively when 
their own core interests are challenged — whether 
tax exemptions for churches and synagogues, op- 
position to abortion, or aid for IsraeL 

I have no doubt that tbe use of the term “Holo- 
caust” to describe the tinman destruction in Bomia 
will provoke bitter criticism in some quarters. One 
would think that the deliberate slaughter of nearly 
a quarter of a million mm women and children, 
and tbe prospect of more than 2 mini on people 


Ukraine’s Go-Slow Leaders Hurl Their Own Cause 


W ASHINGTON — Just 29 
months ago Ukraine declared 
independence from a disintegrating 
Soviet Union. Support for indepen- 
dence was strong even among Rus- 
sians living in Ukraine, who comprise 
almost a quarter of the country's 52 
million people. With a vast territory, 
rich in minerals, fertile soil heavy 
industry and human talent, Ukraine 
in 1991 seemed destined fra at least 
as rosy a future as did Russia, which 
for almost 350 years had ruled iL 
In a highly prudent act, Ukraine in 
1991 also agreed, via a legally binding 
protocol to the START- 1 treaty, to 
give up all nuclear weapons on its 
territory by “adhering in the shortest 
posable rime" to the Nuclear Nonpro- 
liferation Treaty as a non-nuclear 
state. There was talk, as well of reduc- 
ing Ukraine's dependence upon power 
provided by the dozen or so outmoded 
and dangerous Chernobyl- type nucle- 
ar reactors operating in the coun try. 

Today, Ukraine's economy is in 
f reef all, its currency rendered virtual- 
ly worthless by mnawav inflation. 
Production has all but coflapsed. and 
energy shortages have become in- 
creasingly acute during a bitter win- 
ter. This’ reflects Russia's require- 


By Sam Nunn 

The miter is dunrman of the Armed Services Committee cf the US. Senate. 


ment that its oQ expons be paid for in 
hand currency at dose to wodd mar- 
ket prices. The constraints on ral as 
an energy source have in turn placed 
extraordinary demands on those old 
Chernobyl-Type nuclear reactors. 

Political ethnic and religious divi- 
sions within Ukraine are deepening. 
Ukrainian nationalism is strongest in 
the predominantly Catholk: west Pro- 
Russian sentiments are stronger in the 
industrialized. Orthodox east, and 
these sentiments are intensifying as 
the Ukrainian economy deteriorates. 

The danger of civil strife between 
eastern and western Ukraine there- 
fore is growing. At a minimum, a dvil 
conflict that pits Ukrainian national- 
ists against those, mostly in eastern 
Ukraine, favoring closer ties with 
Russia will generate huge flows of 
refugees ana place strong pressures 
on Russia to mlerraie on behalf of 
the 12 million Russians in Ukraine. 

Add to this unnerving brew tbe fact 
that Ukraine is the world's third-rank- 
ing nuclear power, in numbers of 
weapons, and — with the Uk rainians 


Don’t Push Kiev , Help It 


By Ian J. Brzezinski 

The writer, a son of the former US. 
national security adviser Zbigniew 
Brzezinski, is director of irjematkaud 
security programs at the Council of 
Advisers to the L kraine parliament. The 
views expressed here are personal 

K IEV — In response up Kiev's con- 
ditioned ratification of the 
START treaty, tbe West, led by die 
United States, has initiated a policy ol 
isolating Ukraine. This policy will be 
counterp reductive. 

Kiev's isolation ail! only enhance 
the credibility of those Ukrainian po- 
litical elites who. in view of acrimoni- 
ous relations with Russia, advocate a 
Ukrainian nuclear deterrent Ukraine 
faces a very real threat from Russia. 
Most Russians, even at the tor. re- 
fuse to accept Ukraine as an enduring 
feature or post-Cold War Europe! 
Kiev is justifiably concerned over 
Moscow’s refusal to recognize 
Ukraine's borders, as wed as the con- 
frontations over Crimea, the Black 
Sea Fleet and nuclear weapons. 

Ukrainians see the West as pasaue 
toward Russia's aggressive policies 
and indifferent to Ukrainian indepen- 
dence. At a recent ministerial meeting 
in Rome, the Conference on Security 
and Cooperation in Europe implicitly 
endorsed Russia’s proposal to play a 

special “peacekeeping role in the for- 
mer Soviet Union. Comments macs at 
a NATO ministerial meeting in Brus- 
sels were even more disturbing: Secre- 
tary of State Warren Christopher said 
that the United States would condi- 
tion economic aid on Kiev's ratifica- 
tion of START: and the Belgian for- 
eign minister claimed that Partnership 
for Peace — the US. plan to deepen 
NATO ties with Eastern Europe and 
Russia — would not be extended to 
Ukraine on the same grounds. 

The policy of isolation undermines 
the West's interest ir, Ukrainian eco- 
nomic reform. Ukraine is in ar. eco- 


nomic crisis so severe that it could 
endanger the state’s independence. 
The failing economy is exacerbating 
regionalism, making Ukraine more 
vulnerable to Russian hegemony. 

Ukraine's economic crisis is largely 
the product of the government's in- 
ability to implement economic re- 
form and to pay world prices for 
energy. Bui in the near term, reform 
wiil involve high social and economic 
costs. These include cuts in social 
programs and food subsidies, and un- 
employment caused by fiscal auster- 
ity and privatization. An imperialis- 
tic Russia might try to exploit the 
resultant social unresL 

Economic reform, thus, has a 
broader security dimension. Instead of 
using Ukraine's economic crisis as a 
lever, the West should make economic 
stabilization and reform the principal 
priorities of its Ukraine policy. 

The policy of isolation also risks 
inadvertently communicating to 
Moscow that' the West would be in- 
different to, if not supportive of, 
Russian intervention in Ukraine un- 
der the guise of promoting global 
nonproliferation. 

A secure, self-confident, and pro- 
Western Ukraine is tbe key to a more 
pluralistic balance of power in post- 
war Europe and a principle determi- 
nant of Russia's transformation into 
a postimperial democratic stale. Tbe 
concept of a democratic Russia is 
inconsistent with a Russia that has 
again subordinated Ukraine. 

The West's nonproliferation goals 
are valid. But they must be balanced 
and integrated into a broader frame- 
work. A policy that emphasises the 
consolidation of Ukrainian indepen- 
dence first would contribute more 
effectively to broad Western inter- 
ests. It would certainly be more pro- 
ductive than a policy of isolation that 
jeopardies the stability and security 
cf a nation with nuclear weapons. 

International Herald Tribune. 


believed by the Russian militaiy to be 
feverishly working to gain operational 
control by cracking & launch codes 
—you have a recipe for trouble. 

While international attention cen- 
ters cm the Balkans and the prospect 
of war on the Korean P eninsula, the 
possibility of a major conflict be- 
tween two nuclear-anned European 
stales cannot be dismissed. 

Sadly, the main obstacle to 
Ukraine's national salvation is 
Ukraine itself. The government in 
Kiev — President Leonid Kravchuk 
and especially the Ukrainian parlia- 
ment — has added to the already 
formidable difficulties of providing 
help from the outside. The Ukrainian 
government has pursued shortsighted 
policies that have brought the coun- 
try to the verge of economic and 
political collapse. In so doing, 
Ukraine risks playing into the hands 
of precisely those reactionary de- 
ments in Russia, inc luding V ladimir 
Zhirinovsky, that have never accept- 
ed Ukrainian independence. 

Additionally, by repeatedly saying 
that it will give up >aQ hs nuclear weap- 
ons but never quite doing so, and by 
attaching unrealistic conditions to 
compliance with its arms control obli- 
gations (for example, the United 
States has offered Ukraine 5176 mil- 
lion to assist with w ea p ons disman- 
tling; Ukraine insists it most have bil- 
lions), the Ukrainian government is 
losing international credibility. 

Under U.S. law, Ukraine win not 
be eligible for nuclear dismantlement 
assistance unless President Bill Gin- 
ton can certify that it remains com- 
mitted to fulfilling all of its arms 
control obligations. This certification 
will not be possible unless the recent 
actions of uie Ukrainian parliament 
are correct e d by President Kravchuk 
and the new parliament. Retention of 
nuclear weapons jeopardizes rather 
than enhances Ukraine's security: It 
provokes the one power that could 
directly or indirectly destroy 
Ukraine, creates a serious safety 
problem, undermines arms control 
and nonproliferation, and dissolves 
trust from the WesL It is in Ukraine’s 
interests, as well as in the best inter- 
ests of the world community, to re- 
solve this matter speedily. 

Tbe Gin ton admmistration has 
proposed that strategic midear weap- 
ons in Ukraine be deactivated by 
removing their warheads. The war- 
heads would then be transported to 
Russia for disassembly. Ukraine 
would monitor the process and re- 
ceive an equitable snare of the valu- 
able uranium taken from the war- 
heads, either in the form of 
reprocessed civilian reactor fuel or 
hard currency. As pan of this plan, 
the United Stales win purchase war- 
bead uranium from Russia for repro- 
cessing and sale for eventual use in 
U.S. civilian reactors. 

This proposal imaginatively con- 
ceived by the United States, is an 
excellent example of bow America 

can play a vital role in moderating 

tensions between Ukraine and Rus- 
sia. Tbe main burden for defusing 
Ukrainian- Russian tensions, howev- 
er. lies with those two countries. 

Beyond the critical issue of nuclear 
weapons, it is imperative that those in 


qualify as a HdocausL How sad that some still get 
more exercised about notions of semantic correct- 
ness than about geaocidal destruction of hfe. 

The Holocaust in Bosnia will end only if die 
intpmaliftniil co m muni ty — and that effectively 

means the United States —finally oses air power to 
destroy Serbian artilleiy and also ends the amis 

S against Bosnia. Unfortunately, political 
in Washington is utterly bankrupt on the 
Bosnia; so that will not happen unless the 
American people call for such intervention. Dial 
they have not done so derate their exposure to 
graphic depictions of daQy slaughter, atrocities and 
starvation is a measure of the failure of religious 
insti tutions, Any thing shor t nf a demand by them 
for military intervention is cant and hypocrisy. 

Religious institutions hardly covered themselves 
with gory during World War II, when the first 
Hokxaust occurred. If they c ontinu e their reckless- 
ness and faithlessness as Serbs and Croats, with the 
apparent sanction of total Serbian Orthodox and 
Croatian Catholic churches, go about comp l et in g 
their genoddal work in Bosnia, they will have com- 
promised themselves beyond redemption. 

The writer is executive director of die American 
Jewish Congress. He contributed this comment to the 
International Herald Tribune: 


Ukraine responsible for their coun- 
try's decline grasp the real daggers of 
the road they have taken. It Is no less 
imperative that those in Kussare- 


lrtical pressure on Ukraine realm mat 
their behavior contributes to danger- 
ous tensions in Ukranuan-Russian re- 
lations and to the ament crisis in 
Ukrame. Tbe United Scales and its 
allies mnst speak dearly and frankly 
to dedsian-makers in both countries. 

For Ukraine, the message to those 
responsible for current pcucy should 
be: Your sovereignty is at stake and 
your prospects for survival as a nation 
are diminishing you can dig your own 
grave as a nation by refusing to under- 
take the kind of economic and politi- 
cal reforms necessary to attract west- 
ern investment and revive your 
economy; you cannot expect econom- 
ic assistance from tbe West unless you 
begin to make tbe hard economic poli- 
cy dunces that caber former Commu- 
nist countries are making ; and finally, 
Ukraine’s standing as a responsible 
member of the international commu- 
nity requires you to live up to your 
country’s sotann pledge to be ud of 
aO nuclear weapons. 

The message to those in Russia, 
advocating a hard line toward’ 
Ukraine: Your expressed claims to 
the Crimean portion of Ukraine and 
your military doctrine that reserves 
the right of intervention in former 
Soviet republics understandably have 
agitated Ukraine; while you have ev- 
ery right to obtain world market 
prices for your oil it is not in your 
interests (0 bring Ukrame to its 
knees; if civil strife erupts in Ukrain e 
and you choose to intervene mOrtari- 
ly, you must understand that the con- 
sequences could bring a devastating 
setback to your own economy, to 
Western economic cooperation, and 


By A. M. Rosenthal 

N EW YORK —On OcL27, 1938, 
Supreme Court Justice Fdix 
F rankf urter wrote a letter to Presi- 
dent Franklin ' Roos evelt about J o- 
seph Kennedy, iben ambassador 40 '. 
Bri tain. Mr. Kennedy had been using 
his post to fight puWidy for the ap- 
peasement of Adolf Hitler. He. used 
the word proudly. He said the West-, 
could do fine business with Hitter, - 
and jn peace. Only economics cotuu- 
ed, he said, trade, finance, deals 
not how the Nazis chose to rote. . 

Justice Frankfurter wrote: “I won- 
der if loe Kennedy understands 1 the 
im plicatio n of public talk by ah; 
American ambassador- Such public 
approval of dictatorships, Jn'.part, 
even, plays, into their hands." -• ' 
Hitter was already moving to oat: 
qner Europe. The Joe Kiamedys 
played their part by looking in their 
mirrors and crying' out that onW ' 
money mattered. Dictators can al- 
ways be bought off by cash and 
credits, they said. • 

Berlin, Yalta, Baghdad, now Bei- 
jing. I read the Frankfurter la t e r , in 
Nigel HamD ton's book “J.F.JLr 
Reckless Youth," the day after an 
interview with J. Stapleton Roy, 
U.S. ambassador to Beijing, ap- 
peared in The New York Tunes. 

At tire moment, the issuebe tween 
China and the United States is not 
one of conquest Wdl .Tibet, of 
course. But that was decades ago, 
and sometimes the Dalai Lama gets 
team Washington. 

AH that b being asked of China is 
to treat its own citizens and Tibetans 
with somewhat more decency — - say, 
to refrain from t or t m ing them in pris- 
on, rounding tbem upJor labor, en- 
forcing abortion, arresting dissi- 

liwia; rniman rights Iftnd of things. 

In the interview with The New . 
York Times in Beijing, Mr. Roy con- 
cedes that repression is the normal 
^n w imt n g method . of maintaining 
control in rhtna He also says that 
ihere were Inman rights “setbacks” 

. inChmain 1993. But he comes to the 
condorion that because China is 
moving ahead economically, the fives 
of hs citizens have dramatically im- 
proved, and that this should be taken 
into account when BCl Clinton has to 
mule*-, a major decision this summer. 

Tbe drarion is whether to use the 
only lever the United States has to 
improve human rights in China — - 
import tariff rates. 

One major reason why China has 
moved ahead economically is that by 
government regulations Chinese 
workers are paid so JMe that labor 
hardly counts in its interaattonal 
trade balance sheet Far Beijing, ris- 
ing American tariffs could be such 
unpleasant medicine that-it might <fc- 
ckfc to loosen tip a Ettle on human 
rights. Maybe not — but it is the rally 
threat the united States has. ' 

Last year, toward off a powerful 
congressional move to remove the 
present Chinese privilege of getting 
lowest available U-S. tariffs, Mr. 
Qmtan issued an executive order. It 
bound him to remove that privilege 
by Jtty 1994 unless be is convinced 
that significant human rights pro- 
gress has taken place. Mr. Clinton’s 
ambassador in Beijing plainly be- 
lieves that the president should de- 
cree that such progress has been 
made, despite those “setbacks” and 
that continued rule by repression. 

Mr. Roy is not Joe Kennedy. He 
does not shoot his mouth off no mat- 
ter what Washington happens to 
thmkj and he gumns weO in the State 
Department That makes it impor- 
tant for tbe administration to assure 


Congress publicly that the game is 
not already fixed against removal of 
China's lowest tariff privileges. 

Each traveler to a tyranny sees 
what bis own ethics permit fann-to 
see. Planeloads of Westerners arrive 
in China, see what their self-interest 
or mind-set .permit — quality control 
but. not police control more comput- 
ers but not mare kangaroo trials. They 
rctum borne announcing that "they 
have seen the future and it works. 
They expound their theory that even- 
tually economic progress, even at slave 
wages, must bring human betterment 
ann human rights. Thus they carve 
their n ames for histray on a fist that 
includes John Reed, Walter Duranty, 
Joe Kennedy, Charles Lindbergh. 

But by now the offense af sdf- 
blindingis even greater. What excuse 
can be presented to history now that 
Nazi Germany, the Soviet empire 


wclctu etumjiiiH- HHjperaqoa, ana nazi vjcnnany, me soviet empire 
ultimately to prospects for democra- and imperial Japan have proved the ■ 
tization m Russia; and finally, any theory one of history’s great tie# * 


changes in the Ukraiman-Rnssian 
border must be undertaken only in 
accord with recognized norms of in- 
ternational law and only with die 
consent of those populations affected 
by such changes. 

The Washingt o n Post. 


Ethically and politically, the deci- 
sion on China will be one of” the 
more important that Mr. CUnum 
wfli mate. The president’s name 
should not be on that indelible list, 
nor America's. 

The New York Times. T 


US OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 
1894: Matabde Defeat qosr by armed force, and the work! 


CAPETOWN — The Imperial 
troops, under Colonel GooW-Ad- 
ams, stiQ remain encamped in the 
neighborhood of Bulawayo. Mr. Se- 
lous considers it probable that Lo- 
bengula may collect a small follow- 
ing around Panda and migrate 
across the Zambesi after the rainy 
season. In any case he regards as 
certain that the Matabde King win 
never attack tbe white again. 

1919: German Mistake 

ROME —At the Capitol today IJan. 
41 in the presence of the King and 
Qu«n, members of the Cabinet and 
the Diplomatic Corns, President Wfl- 
spn said m part: “I have thought in 
thae last days of the colossal mistake 
which was being commiBedl the mis- 
take of force committed by the Cen- 
tral Empires. If Germany had waited 
ooly a single generation she would 
have possessed the commercial em- 
pire of the world. She tried to con- 


quer by armed force, and the wodd 
recognizes always that it is impoSB- 
bJe to conquer by arms and that fbe - 
raly thing that can possibly conquer 
the world is represented ByHhose 
benefhs rendered in commerce, in die 
relations of individuals in friendships 

1944c Victory Isn’t Ckwe 

WASHINGTON — [From our New. 
York etfition.-J Ibe Office of War ' 
Information issued its own appraisal 
today [Jan. 4] of tbe pr ogre ss made in 
the war and the magnitude the tsk - 
a^b^on information - sop* 

rug the question “How far has out- - 
ride gone towards winning this war?*- 
the O.WX answered, in effect 
. very far." One of the jpomti in, the. ' 
repeat states that (he GennOTAinff 
is stiH powerful and .resourceful, ffljfi 
its morale is high; German war ®®* 

- ducdqn is still high ^despite 
bombings, and there jfc no evifett* 
mat tl* Naalnmiefrc«t iscraciulfr 




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rmnnjpK aTTO NAL HERALD TRIBUNE, W EDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1994 

ft P 1 M 1 O W 


Page 5 


Global Culture* The Paradox olU.S. Dominance 
vriooai v>.uuure* «— 




"VI EW YORK. — “Ajcivilnatkm jao- . 
iN grosses' from agnculture io paradox,” 

-die RomanianapbonstEM. Goran (race * .- 
wrote. It is not a cxravicdon that sits partic- ' ■ 
ularly well with Amdicaos, who.tenato shy -ca 
away from contradicuons and, instead,. - -tii 
continue to : believe that rotations exist ' jpl 
' for every proWcah: ; ‘ ■■■- * ...* : -se 

And . yd, a dual paradox reforms the .. bi 
American situation foWringthc Cold W ar. - a 
The first part .concerns how' a coamfiry by lc 

tradition ^ disposition more Sdf^sorb^ % 
|h«n mnrf Vnj^thf»n mMtir^ ^rittfthe - U 
global culture that more, and tnoittpredoini- r 

nates from Guangdong to BofinT H ie sec- "a 
odd offers the spectacle at * 'nation wbo« t 
official ideology isincrd^^ llK“ceJ^ra- _ 
tion” of diversity, whitehrematas culturally, . c 
although not racially, astonishingly homoge- . 
- neous, iwt tosay confdnfflSt, wits anMe&_ 
“AD you Americans talk and talk about is ■ J 
diversity a French artdiectualexcMnai^ m ;- - 
exasperation at the end of - an American . 
Studies coherence held in Paris last yew,: , 
“so what 1 want-tft.taww « how- it. is itaL.;- 

you all wood the same?" T - - . -i- 

A caustic observer might have responded 
by taking 1 the Frenchman's question a. step 
further and masting that the gemus 
multicuttura&t movementwas its ammyto 
appear radical While not in fact threatening 
the stains quo — in much the way that the 
trend in industriaF production towa ri nay - 
costonrizaticowves consumers the 1 nnpng^ - 

skra of bang & m get a produia deseed ; 

expressly for thent m fact tech nologi cal .. 
advances permit an almost infinite, segmeo: ... 
ration of the consumer base. 

In a sense, iHs process of se 9 m ™J®?9®}’ 
whether expressed ta thefraemmag of Tngh 
culture” or the pirififeration of t dewson . 
channels, or iathemidtiplfcatifinof affinity 
grom» in which people define : 

SrXof bring subject to some befaroond 
pathology, is kss the feature of a tratomal 
H ^oiStethanofawodd.Ifonethinksof. 

the United States as having become a uni- 
verse at least as much as it remains a coun- 
try divisions within it make more sense. v 
Ah empires, even of the peculiar Amen- 


- •>. . . 

TWris thefi&dtmaniclB. 


hatsegmeaieu ppooy ***» 

experience of Amencau 

A it *oold come as no 

global djastoher ad aan — 

the redm oT movies, mnwrend food — 7 ™* 

..ss^ssswssc 

tries has been shattered. . . 

j .. ««« immntTK remain so 


confident thatthric parochial 

America’s cuitund 
dominatkm hastaai 
ecenasU s power inol 

domamshaswaned* 


some IO* tMtVUXBW* 
an fitm industry within i^ma) 
wood, the American music i ndustry and 
American food chains that Prcdo^jA.^ 
# n» Pm the French in particar '. 


merman toou a™ u*** 

sssacaflSggS! 


SS&SSS f 

in Qtbcr industries. According * 

modet enteral power moves with finanaa^ - 

lu an finff . Dutch styles in home furnishings 

^ ! 

arepmeot runs, when dedined, ■ 

nv and Japan donfinns that such processes 

ffirJsaSSSS 

3KSS5M5ESSSS3KSS 

*SSSs3ft5S£»-“Sf-* 

20ih xentu- 

iTltisalltbe more surprising, 

American domination ^ 

only intensified in a pok>d wl »^meo»o 

po4r m other domams has 

Se fact remains that opw, Amcncan mass 

i SSjra^from overseas. But such div ^^ 


sunive only through state subsidy or private 
philanthropy), it becomes more and more 
irrelevant to our common cultural fumre. 
And in an era of high culture's eclipse, 
tb 2 market can rrassert ilsdf- . 


Whose Voice (What’s 

ttaRPERS FERRY, West Bv William Safire 
riVirgmia —The wtoatias* 


All things being equal ftal-Mart is a 
better investment than Guwi, just as Brace 


acttnifitdlvto. Ft 
taral iiuptcsaras and 
talk about what is pic 


mem tend to 

in New Yak 


l MnvmMvfifiratian — another 


w>s& f* 
-•..-is ■ ■ 
. :s^S ’■ 
--- Mt ' 

: 'Ir.'J - 

-■vs 


-enwr^^Ss talk 

ina to American mains. . 

There are those who dismiss sw± 
befieving ffiein to be overstated or masung 


Jules Verne was 

hm im Frtnch ^ oom^^d P^- 
My have produced J«r*ssicPariL “ 

7m any £un*er of other uwianc» jralu^ 
nationahsts like the French political class 

are right to be fearful ., u 

The dass character of the Mgecwra is 
woS noting. What is probably uk^is- 

the prestige but the economic agpifleancerf 
high cdturc wanes (and operas, 

^estns and museums mcreasmgly can 


nener invouutiu u»u — - 

Springsteen is more valuable as a cutantf 
commodity (both in the literal sense of re- 
turn on investment and in terms ctf me 
numbers of people throughput the 
who ait affected by him) than even soot 
desperate popularize!* as Luciano P avar °“J; 

Tbere are exceprions. of course. \ ery poor 
countries haw succeokd in preserving 
cultural authenticity. It can even be argued 
that the constant flows of immigrants trom 
South to North, and, in the European case, 
perhaps increasingly 

function as cultural “remforcemems from 
home, both linguistically and m iotas of 
mores, and will serve as an undertow to the 
smeral tidal pull toward bomogouzaoon. 

* But all of ibis only underscores someihuig 
that most people 4 ndCTSt ^^ tn ^''^; 
that the history of consumwism. we «e | 

* honragmization is as yn mconpiete. 

: But compared with the genuinely diverse 

- world of half a century ago. 

proceeded rapidly- One ^ wwmvdthe 

t entire world and never be very far from a 
r Coke, a Big Mac or the sound of some 
American entertainer .There are video rent- 

• al stores in villages in India whne mat 
l dwellings still have no clectnary. And 
c in Bedouin camps in the Sinai and Zulu 

ss conversations about Bnice 

nold Schwarzenegger as 1 have about Allah 
is or King Cetshw ayo. 

% The writer is author most recently Pf^Tke 
jy Erite Cuba at the Heart of Miami. Tfos 
of article was adapted by The W ashington Pi a? 
nv from a longer version 1 hat appears m the 
an current issue of the World Policy Journal. 


have found a way to bnng b^l 
the musical past- Memoraple per- 
fcnna nces have been 
remasrered'’ and sound better 
than they ever did briore. 

lbuv the comoact discs of reg- 
ey Lee. Dick Haytces. Rosemary 
Soo eev. dub them to a t3pe — « 

I MEANVHIIE 


is legal — aad play “Sunny Side c 
of Sc Street," “1 Surrender. 1 
Dear." "Come Oa-a My House j 
while driving 10 work m my 1 

vehicular cocoon. 

These popular pefonnances | 

brine on a rush of nostalgia, ad- ; 

mindly a sloppy semamenU^ut 
itdocsmysoul.gpod^^ 
ones of sitting m the I07ih Street 
studio of WNBT when the 
ducer Man Handley , my brother 
Len. and the piano player Johnny 
Andrews 

vision with young Dsnah Store. 

That is how -90s technology 
has delivered for me..The ne* 
S sound of Frank Sinatra “in 
its wee small hours" of the 60s is 
richer, clearer and morc rooNTng 
(hau it was in mere hi-fi. nis 

greatest singing 

recap rored and hteraUy re- 
created. making U P«fWcto 
those who enjoyed the vena 
long ago to marvel at today s far 
reproduction of the bounce 
and delight in *Tw Gw 

World on a String. 

Then modem technology dou- 
Ke-crossed me. Mr. Simura pro- 
duced a new album of the old 
songs, called “Duets.” supposed- 
ly »mg together with such stars 


as Liza Minnelli and Jubo Me- “ 
aas. Much as I despise Mr. Sma- V 
tra’s bridgework between enter- 
tainmenu casinos and crime, 1 
have always admired his arustry, H 
and therefore bought the CD. = 

It is a disaster, his voice is shot. J 

Not aH the vo^ tecfamauc and c 
incks of recording aihancemmi 
and mopping-up bv other voces 

S other ‘ban 

ibepiufulstranhigofanoldnian f 
pnrtendingwbette^tais 

So longer. Unlike Garbo and 
triefa, who rcfuseo to De photo- 
zrepbed in thdr later years lest it 
the public's memory of thar 
Sy, Mr. Sinatra greedily di- 
mimshes his reputation. 

Worse, and more to ray point 
loday the "duets" are a senes ot 
artistic frauds. The singers never 
sang together, never mteractel 
Mr? Sinatra wheezed out his 
soundtrack, and later *e others 
— bv tdcpbooe —laid down thor 
counterfeit counterpoint, much as 
Natalie Cole created her maca^e 
l “duet" a few years ago vn* her 
r dead father’s “Unforgettable, 
i The question raised is this. 

» When a performer’s voice and 
I image can not onlybe 
r echoed, refined, spbeed, 

» cd and enhanced — but can be 
ir transported and combined with 

b others not physically P^f 11 
* whui is a performanrt? to our 
lust for technical brilliance. 
^ are we losing the integrity ot 
> individual talent? 

Id Arthur Rubmsiem and VImu- 
d- mir Horowitz were not abovefix- 

rs mg a wrong note or two in record- 


tacs ctf their piano reatalst but 
ito Glean Gould carried that to 
an extreme of fitting whether bits 
oT tape into a mosaic be unpropa- 

N raued a performarge. 

' In the same way, pofiuaans 
have speech writers to polish men 
prose; actors face-lifts; tdew- 
Hon newscasters wear makeup 
and employ dazzling graphics: 
even pundits have copy editors 
who save them from embarrass- 
ments (and one of us has to study 
up on fused participles). But this 
acknowledged outade hdp is not 

in the same league with the on* 
nullin g multimedia concocuon 
of a mass of talents and dectron- 
ic techniques masquerading as 
an artistic entity. . 

Iso ' 1 ii time for tnnh-m-shc^- 
btf? Shouldn’t an audience de- 
mand some idea of bow much is 
human and how much is eleciroo- 
icaDv enhanced before it is asked 
to suspend disbelief? If *« accept 
a star manufactured by an awbo- 
eraphic nrixmasier. we make a 
. muddle of individual latent and a 
l mockery of artistic genius. 1 

1 Enough of additives, plasticity. 

; virtual venality; give me organic 
entertainment. 1 want to see Liza 
Minnelli alone on stage or Karen 
j \kers in cabaret, even if that m- 
L dividual performance is present; 

,. ed on a small screen. It s O.K. if 
ie ibey sweat, or forgei a lyric, or rat 

h a sour note. Thai’s the land of art 

_ that life follows. 

„ And that is why I play the 
? rape of the CD of the anthenoc, 
nf ’60s Frank Sinatra on the stereo 
or my 1969 Cougar convertible 
li_ on the way to work. It makes me 
ur fed so young, 
rd- The New York Times. 


t OTTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Regart^^Here'saBeturR^ e 
for Turkey to TrtneF (Opinion. Ocl e 
29) Ip WiBiam Saftre: . g 

M t Safire. whose sharjrt^ed J 
uuhKS of woddaffwrswe^c^ 
has disapMinted^m^ , t 

readers, 

unfair assaidrcraTuikzy, wtachhe . 

rificuted as “an aBy whose cooper- ( 
alion is for sate." ^ 

Ankara; cf course, has 1 a-tested 
record as a 
alW of the. West, bof 
Cold War and after.lttasi^^ 
fat times to the^xtent ot vtirtjv- 

put the interests and gods df the 
Atlantic affiance briare its own., 

Turkey catnOJtiycoQfrrfi^^sCTi' 
ous chaUcngesbom twti un _ 
ders and in a^aamLI^^^bns^g^rt: 
an hrodectisra^ 
snbveraon by. 

ipr-aaKss 

twn. v Bai^Jg- ^CT^ !^ri 

5JasB'*SSS : 

is difficult » atyjtejti 
“ , ««nmwrfal. support from i» 


allies, indu 


alpcfficemea tnrris out to be tmrehr 
abl^orVorse? Can we, for 
oamtale; accept Nigeria (nommat-. 
riiylsL Maynes fa xtqoasl he- . 
eemony) to have free ran to «- 
Tiaws'inattera in West 

towtssia, under 

entam of Vladnmr Zhumovag, 
to mtenwne anywhere m the. Ior ~ 

^SS?N^nor the Confer- 
enSionSecntityandOJopaaU®- 

in Europe has : the aaanftto wg 


.Wu ; 

We deariy cannot continue to 

count on. • 

:iteWSecintfy ; C(^ 

. ness: China’s current xdnctanceto 

support 

-Korea on tte-OTH**® 6 . 00 : ** 

VMdpplku^ 
its ot .obvious warts AdunUa- 
wm' ^Germany, Tndia and RwnI 

.tbevetoby 
’ J ■ ■■ ■« BiMWit foe a 


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Page 6 


INTERNATIONAL HFBALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1994 


105 Die in Venezuela Prison; 
Breakout Elsewhere Kills 10 


Compiled by Owe Staff Front Dispatches 

CARACAS — At least 1 0 people 
were lolled while 40 inmates es* 
raped from one of the country's 
largest prisons Tuesday, a day after 
riots trilled 105 people at a prison in 
western Venezuela. 

Officials took steps to tighten 
security at prisons across Venezue- 
la. 

The rampage on Monday at Sa- 
baneta prison in Maracaibo, 520 
kilometers (325 miles) west of Ca- 
racas, was described by officials as 
one of the worn in the country’s 
history. Officials said some of the 
bodies found after the riot were 
reduced to “charred pieces” and 
that at least one prisoner bad been 
decapitated. 


H was the third uprising at Sa- 
baneta in two days, although offi- 
cials said the first two disturbances 
were minor. The National Guard 
eventually put down the riot, dur- 
ing which inmates shot and 
stabbed each other and two of the 
prison’s three wings went up in 
flames. 

On Tuesday, nine prisoners and 
a National Guardsman were killed 
during the jailbreak at Tocoron 
prison, one of Venezuela's largest. 
120 kilometers southwest of Cara- 
cas. Dora Bracho, director general 
of prisons with the Justice Minis- 
try, said security forces had spread 
out in communities near the prison 
and that nine of the escapees had 
been recaptured. 


MEXICO: Struggle for the Land 


Continued from Page 1 
left by (he Maya, the churches left 
by the Spaniards and the deep in- 
equities that have prevailed. 

tven after the 1910 revolution, 
the Indians, heirs to more than 20 
language groups, often lived in al- 
most feudal servitude to the owners 
of the land. The state's riches, from 
pine forests and tropical farmlands 
to vast cattle ranches, were con- 


trolled by a small clique of Europe- 
an and mixed blood. The Indians 
were controlled politically by vil- 
lage bosses, called caciques, 

Chiapas ranks last among Mexi- 
can states in households with elec- 
tricity (66.9 percent), last in chil- 
dren under 14 who attend school 
(71.3 percent) and last in people 
over 14 who can read (69.6 psr- 
cent). 


A Caracas radio station later re- 
ported that the National Guard 
bad stormed the Tocoron prison. 
The radio said heavy gunfire could 
be heard after the guard moved in. 

A criminal court judge, Salvador 
Cubillan, appointed to investigate 
the violence, said 105 bodies had 
been removed from the wreckage of 
the prison at Maracaibo. 

The riot started when rival 
gangs, one of them composed of 
Guajiro Indians, began fighting 
with makeshift knives and firearms 
in what apparently was a bid for 
control of the jaiL The Indians, 
reportedly seeking vengeance for 
the murder or one of their mem- 
bers, locked enemies in a prison 
area and set it on fire, a National 
Guardsman said. (Reuters, AFP) 
■ Prison Breaks in Brazil 

Ninety-three prisoners escaped 
Monday in two prison breaks in 
southeast Brazil that left at least 
nine people injured. The Associat- 
ed Press reported from Rio de Ja- 
neiro. By nightfall, 37 escapees 
were reported recaptured. 

On Monday morning, a gang 
stormed a prison in Rio de Janeiro 
and freed a major drug trafficker 
and 37 other inmates. Ota Monday 
afternoon, 55 inmates, many of 
(hem armed, fled a prison in Sao 
Paulo state, leaving two policemen 
and seven inmates injured. 


mmL ! i 

j | 




ir^s**-* 




Kn8K/RaU3 

FREE MARKET MOVE — A worker grading removal of a 
vestige of the Beitin WaB on Tuesday at the site of Checkpoint 
Charlie. A commercial center is being constructed on the site. 


USED: Just Look at What the Belgians Throw Away! BALKANS: General to Leave 


Continued from Page I 

said Tore was able to produce the 
panels without chemical additives. 

As word has spread of this group 
that turns waste into jobs, profits 
and foreign aid, cabinet ministers 
from Brussels and specialists in re- 
cycling from Germany. France and 
Scandinavia have come to visit, 
some eager to copy the methods. 

The Belgian Ministry of Envi- 
ronment, recognizing Terre’s effi- 
ciency, openly promotes the group 
in its pamphlets on recycling. 
Terre's work has gained attention 
because in December the European 
Union adopted an ambitious recy- 
cling plan, which includes a rule 
that within five years at least 50 
percent of household and packag- 
ing waste should be recovered. 

it was about a decade ago when 
Mr. Wauters. then a dental techni- 
cian, and a group of friends who 
did charity work set out to prove 
that money was lying on the streets 
and in the attics of consumers. 

By 1 980. (here were four employ- 
ees and a determination to impro- 
vise. 

Today. Terre operates like a 
tightly run business, as its fleet of 
45 trucks fans out every morning 
across Belgium, distributing differ- 
ent colored bags for different items 


and advisories when they will be 
picked up. 

Trucks scour pavements and 
doorways on designated routes. 
Clothing is usually collected hap- 
hazardly by volunteers elsewhere in 
Belgium and in Northern Europe. 

“Our strength is that we are very 
regular, steady, punctual,” Mr. 
Peereboom said. “The problem 
with so many charities is that they 
improvise and people lose inter- 
est” 

Up dose, the cavernous hall of 
clothes is busy as a railroad junc- 
tion. 

Patricia Herzal scooped up a 
man's jacket of One gray leather. It 
looked as good as new and was 
destined for resale in one of the 13 
boutiques that Terre operates 
around the country. 

Jodie Albert who is new at her 
job, said she was dumbfounded at 
the things people throw away. 

“1 can’t get over it” she said, 
showing a red Yves Saint Laurent 
dress, a fur coat and an impeccable 
handbag. “Are these the wrong 
size? Are (hey presents people 
hate? Are people so rich?" 

At the end of the line, the 
clothes, sorted and packed, are 
ready for their second life: cotton 
shorts, T-shirts and skirts will be 


sold to Uganda. Zaire. Burundi in 
Africa, where they are likely to ap- 
pear in village markets. 

Every week, a German dealer 
buys a truckload of leather goods, 
bags and shoes, destined for East- 
ern Europe. Woolen garments, 
coats, sweaters, blankets, go to a 
distribution point in Pakistan. 
From there, small traders will lug 
them over the mountains and sell 
them in Af ghanistan and else- 
where. 

Damaged clothing is sent as raw 
material to India and other Asian 
countries, which often manufac- 
tured these pieces in the first place; 

This cycle — pieces of clothing 
made a continent away, climbing in 
price en route to the West, their 
brief use here and their journey 
back to poor countries — in sp ired 
this assessment from Mr. Warner: 

“Some people call this normal 
trade. I see it as madness. It shows 
the waste. Nothing is wasted here, 
but the fact that our operation ex- 
ists shows we live in an economic 
system that is lunacy.” 

Asked if Western Europe’s two- 
year economic crisis has had any 
effect on the things that are thrown 
away, he said: “That’s ihe puzzling 
thing. Despite the crisis, the flow of 
goods- has stayed just the same.” 


Continued from Page 1 
about the fighting in the former 
Yugoslavia. 

General Jean Cot of France, 
commander in chief of the 30,000- 
strong UN contingent throughout 
the former Yugoslavia, complained 
Mon da y of the “humiliations” suf- 
fered by the UN troops and said 
they were ready for an “offensive 
intervention” in Bosnia. 

The French foreign minister. 
Alain Juppd, said in Paris that Gen- 
eral Cot “was right to say the digni- 
ty” of the UN was “being im- 
pugned." 

France. Mr. Juppt said, would 
not pull its 6.000 troops out of the 
UN force for the time oein£ but be 
did not rule out the possibility if 
the rival groups in Bosnia stepped 
up hostilities in coming months. 

“I believe the time has not yet 
come.” be said. “No one would 
understand if we were to leave Sa- 
rajevo now, in winter.” 

A Gauliist deputy , Jacques Bau- 
mcl vice president of the National 
Assembly* s Foreign Affairs Com- 
mittee, said peacekeepers must be 
allowed to respond if fighters “en- 
ter their armored vehicles or pull 
the beard or the moustache of their 
officers." 

The international mediator. 
Lord Owen, said Tuesday in Vien- 


na (hat the warring parties in Bos- 
nia were “not taking too much no- 
tice of the United Nations” and 
were content to fight era. 

Canada’s prime minister, Jean 
Cbrttien, said in Ottawa, that Us 
nation would review iu peacekeep- 
ing role in Bosnia following the 
harassment of nnartinn soldiers 
who were subjected to a “mock 
execution” there last month. 

These incidents alarmed Cana- 
dians,” he told Reuters in an inter- 
view. 

Meanwhile, The United Stales is 
about to double the number of 
planes dropping relief supplies over 
Bosnia, a UN spokesman said. 

The military airdrop capability 
over Bosnia will be expanded con- 
siderably in (he near future.” said 
Ray Wilkinson, spokesman for the 
Sarajevo office of the UN High 
Commissioner for Refugees. 

“Within the next few days the 
number of aircraft will be increased 
to 17” from eight, he said. “These 
will be mainly American, although 
the French and Germans are con- 
sidering raising their contribu- 
tions.” 

Of the eight aircraft already fly- 
ing nightly airdrop missions, six are 
U.S. C-I30s. France and Germany 
have each contributed one aircraft 
(AFP, AP, Reuters) 


NATO: Can Clinton Persuade East to Be Patten# 


Continued from Page 1 
to take in new members in an evo- 
lutionary mann er," be said. “The 
Partnership far Peace is a decisive 
step into me East for the alliance. It 
says we are going to be undertaking 
eagagemmls that relate to the secu- 
rity of the countries of Eastern Eu- 
rope and Che former Soviet Union, 
but not everybody will participate 
in the same way/ 

Another senior UJL diplomat 
said; ‘The Partnership for Peace 
proposal was a very skillful com- 
promise between people who said 
we should do nothmg to offend the' 
R ussians and people who said we 
should let the Eastern Europeans in 
now. 

“But the East Europeans are not 
ready for that yet Toe beauty of 
the proposal is that it's a frame on 
whose canvas we can paint whatev- 
er we want" 

Advocates of the proposal say 

KOREA: 

Sticking Down 

Continued from Page 1 

Agency is then Washing- 


wiih Sooth Korea each spring. 

On Monday, a senior adminis- 
tration official said he hoped the 
inspection agency could work oat 
final details with North Korea this 
week, but an official with the agen- 
cy said Tuesday that this was over- 
opiimistic. 

Some Asian diplomats and in- 
spection agency officials fear that 
an agreement that prorides for a 
one-time inspection win set an mi- 
fortunate precedent the inter- 
national community permits na- 
tions to set conditions on atomic 
inspections. 

“If conditions of any ripe are 
attached to a resumption of inspec- 
tions in North Korea, than those 
terms would have to be examined 
very carefully,” the inspection 
agency’s spokesman, David Kyd. 
said in a telephone interview. 

If North Keren, Washington and 
the inspection agency reach an 
agreement, that is expected to lead 
to high-level talka in winch U.S. 
officials would press the North Ko- 
reans to let international inspectors 
visit two nuclear waste sites. 

Those sites, which are not among 
the seven under negotiation, could 
furnish evidence of how modi 
weapons-grade nuclear materi al 
the North Koreans have. 

■ Aims Sale Said to Be Off 

North Korea has canceled plans 
to sell (ran long-range surface-to- 
surface missil es with midear and 
chemical capabilities, The Associ- 
ated Press quoted an Israeli news- 
paper as saying Tuesday. 

The Td Aviv daily Ha’aretz did 
not attribute its one-sentence 
front-page report, nor did it say 
when North Korea called off the 
sale of tbe Nodong-1 missiles. 


that countries interested in joining 
the alliance can demonstrate their 
commitment by taking full advan- 
tage of the military cooperation 
provisions and otter dements of 
the proposal 

After a few years, it will be dear- 
er which countries are and are not - 
ready to join, and the allies can 
rnncMa- the question of eventual 
membership then, with its atten- 
dant co mmi tment' by all membetS 
to consider joint aimed response 
against an attack on. any one of 
them. 

President Vaclav Have! of the 
rfr Republic arid 'Hungarian 
leaders have also argued that 
NATO membership for their coun- 
tries while the alliance was offering 
cooperation instead of confronta- 
tion with Moscow would ebminare 
any Russian temptation to fill the 
vacuum. 

Mr. Clinton and Secretary of 
State Warren M. Christopher de- 
cided against offering wore tmxne- 
diate membership to the East’Eoro- 
peans, largely on the grounds that a 
feeling of encirclement in Moscow 
could weaken the hand of support- 
ers of democracy there, a reding 
strengthened after the surprisingly 


Dec* 12 - - ri : ,• 

But U.S. diplomats m Boon and 
in Brussels deny that the United' 
States is fixated on Moscow, at the 

Ciiwwmi - 


unw»v> 

Germany and France have sug- 
gested offering Boland, the .Czech 
Republic, Hungary and other 
countries that are candidates far 
membership in _the European - 
Union an asodation with its ouE- 
taiy ann, called the Western Euro- 
pean UnkHL ~ 

Rose. Ukraine and other for- 
mer Soviet states would not quali- 
fy, because tbeyare not canSdates 
for European Union membership, 
and thus presumably would not be 
miffed if East Europeam gotinto 
the Western European Umort 
But until iiow r no -country: &©. 
wring to the union has not also 
3 member of the NATO affi- 
ance: That leaves, the. Ekrtsectisp 
for Peace proposal the crucial cant, 
and the way the East Europeans 
wifl see it — as a glass baH anpQmr-. 
ha lf fun — the key anpanderahfc. 
There, is no division Tatimr ttifc 

— — Aa ^ 4 lint ‘ Piai t l - 


\mA er Vladimir V. Zhirinovsky in 




Partnership for Peace: 
Clinton Sends Salesman 


By Daniel Williams 

Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — President 
BB1 Chnton will send General John 
Shahkash vfli, chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, to Eastern Europe 
before next week’s NATO summit 
meeting to try to persuade former 
Soviet bloc countries to stop de- 
manding immediate NATO mem- 
bership and hoc up behind an evo- 
lutionary plan for integration, 
administration officials sen. - 

He will accompany Madeleine 
K. Albright, the chief U-S. delegate 
to the United Nations, who ted 
initiall y planned a more KmHfri 
trip to the region. 

The two now plan to travel to ihe 
capitals of the Czech Republic, 
Hungary, Poland and Slovakia in 
hope of persuading their leaders to 
endorse a proposed arrangement of 
militar y ties caBeri the Partnership 
for Peace, US. officials said. 

After the nwwmit marring in 
Brussels on Jan. 10, Mr. Gin tan is 
scheduled to visit Prague and meet 
with the leaden the Czech Re- 
public, Hungary, Poland and Slo- 
vakia. A less than rin ging endorse- 
ment of the Partnership for Peace 
program would be a blow, and the 
administration is trying to reduce 
the chances of embarrassment. . 
This is a major blitz,” said, an 

a rt i m n isfm rinn offi cial 

W. Anthony Ink* the national 
security fdviser, said Mrs, Albright 
and General Shalikasbvili would. 


try to stop a developing notioothat 
the Partnership fo? Peace jxtignm . 
was a way of “putting' tiff the Cen- 
tral and Eastern ' Europeans” in 
deference to Russian opposhjon. ' . 

The Partnership for Peace has 
been portrayed in static terms,” 
Mr. Lake said. Thai simply is not 
the case. It should be seen as otab- 
Hshment of a process we believe 
win and should lead to expansion 
of NATO, but in ways dun are- 
practical, through an evohztunaxy 
process, and sot impty division of 
East and West" 

But whether the U-S. blitz wiD be 
enough to persuade the wiuyEmo- . 
pesos is another question. .On 
Monday, East European reporters 
peppered General Shalikashvffi 
with questions reflecting doubt 

■ They Want In Now 

The Slovak president, Mrchsl ' 
Kovac, proposed Tuesday that 
NATO accept his country and < 
three other East European nations . 
as full “political members” and ex- ' 
tend to them immediHldy guano- - 
tees for their security. The Wadi- ; 
ington Post reported from 
Bratislava.. 

Mr. Kovac said Soyakia intend- ’ 
ed to present a counterproposal to 
the Paitporebip for Peace when he - 
meets with Mr. Gmtou in Prague 
next week. . . 

President Algirdas Braztmdcas 
formally applied- Tuesday for ! 
NATO men^erahro for Lithuania, 
Reuters '.reported from YUrnus. 




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International Herald Tribune ■ 
Wednesday, January 5 , 1994 
' Page 7 


London to Launch Arts Fest 


By Susan Keseienko CoIJ 


L ONDON — When Si; Basil Feidmafi first 
ir.= ii to organize or. arts festival here 10 
■-ears 2 S 0 , he met with unanimous resis- 
uzcxl the ans scene in London is loo vast 
to orjaraze. said the skeptics. \nd besides, he was 
:eii toe c.:y is. by its nature, a festival already 


But rciiimas. j sdMescribftS “arts junkie" »ht>isa 
member of ihe Eaalisb Trims! Board, was undeterred, 
He set to work to uy to persuade others of his vision. 
His persbwnse *as. not in vain: Feb. 1 marks ihe 
launch of the London Arts Season, a £i.S million 
i S ~-.Z£ .million} promotion that will link more than 100 
c! the ciiy's arts venues in an effort u- stimulate 
tourism curing the off-peak months of February and 
March. 

Sboulc the prospect of the Picasso exhibit at the 
Tat; Gallery, a pcrforaance of ’‘Macbeth" starring 
Derek Jsccbi. or an evening with Jose Carreras in a 
Ei'cau to NUrio Lanza faD to sufficiently intrigue, the 
festival will offer a host of -behind the scenes” activi- 
ties- to complement the average of about ICO events 
daily. 

For £52. for example, one can not only procure a 
ticket to “Cats” but attend a backstage workshop or 
.•seel me cast Similarly, there are “meet the cast" 
opportunities for "The Woman in Black." "Starlight 
Express." "Miss Saigon," and “Buddy.” Other special 
events will include a backstage tour of the Royal 
Shakespeare Company, a party before the perfor- 
mance of "Five Guys Named Silos" and a series of 
jazz brunches at the Victoria and Albert Museum. 

Feldman hopes that, aside from luring tourists, the 


promotion will help to facilitate their arrangements 
once they arrive. A brochure, primed in five languages 
and distributed in 27 countries, offers the opportunity 
to book events, and tickets have been set aside to help 
ensure seats for more popular performances. 

In addition, a special desk will be set up at the 
British Travel Centre on Regent Street, where a listing 
of every event is available. The festival mil also offer a 
“White Card" that will provide entrance to 13 galleries 
and museums for a fixed price, as well as a “London 
Arts Card” that will entitle visitors to discounts and 
gifts at various establishments. 

The promotion, run under the auspices of the Eng- 
lish Tourist Board, the British Tourist Authority, and 
the London Tourist Board, along with private spon- 
sorship. is intended to highlight the links between 
tourism and the arts; Tourism is worth about 55 
billion a year :o London, according to recent surveys, 
and arts and entertainment lure more than half of 
Britain's overseas visitors. 

Prime Minister John Major has agreed 10 be the 
guest of honor at a reception to be held in early 
February . which will attempt to bring together leading 
figures in tourism and the arts from both Britain and 
abroad. 

Should all go weQ, says Feldman, this is only the 
beginning. “I think the London Arts Season will 
become an annual, regular evenL We can make a case 
for banging it other times of the year," he adds. “1 
wanted to get it off the ground by beginning with 
offering people something at a tune of year when there 
was a distinct commensal benefit." 

Susu/i Kesetenko Coll is a five-lance writer living in 
London. 


Wild and Bleak Dreams 


By Sheridan Morley 

z22mz/ fteraU Tr-twe 


• ’• . •• . • Sutaute: Boau Ixa R.-;in 

Charles GitongdMama ( left) and Kevin Baconin "The Air Up There, ” a tale of an American basketball coach who finds a star in Africa. 

Out of Africa, a Slam-Dunk Movie Tale 



By Peter Applebome . 

New York Tuna Strike . 

TLANTA — Charles 
Gitooga Maine had one. 
small proUan in his act- 
. mg debut as an African 
tribesman who becomes a basket- 
ball prodigy in “Hie Air UpTSem” 
"2 would get into a scene,' and Z 
would warn to laugh became I , 
know it’s cot true," ssad Mama, a 
20-year-old from Nairobi "Td say 
a line like, ‘Wedcra’t eat chidEeo,’ 
and Td be lan^bhtt made, because 
rd eaten d&ireix me sight bcJorftT . - 
The fihli, directed by Panl 
Glaser and co-starring Winston 
Nlshona and Kevin Bacon, opens 
in New York Friday. ■' • . . s 
Maina & a dtyJrid wtiose fife in 
Nairobi lud marc in commcm with 
fife in Los Augdes. (where be fe& 3 L 
titunO . than with: thermal back- 
ground 9 * .the irairiftr &ddi be.; 
plays. Be didihoWewC teagnse-^-. 
fid oedeatiah to tbatgrtt^fe was : 
the winner ; of the 19W Nairobt: 
Slam Dunk CZmip&as tip. Add 
his unschoolod pecronnanoe tamed ' 


ont to he exBcdy^ ttftau: thefihnmak- 
ers were seeking. 

: % Air There? began as « 
liuitasybyMajt Apple, the Houston 
aitbor and screenwriter, who is as 
ardmrfan of the Hoosmn.Rockets 
and eroecially tlvar star cento; Eb- 
Jaem Cfi^triron. In 1980 Otganoo 
left tris home-in Lagos, ffignia, to 
attend the Uidvosty of Hnston. 

"rhe Air Up There” tells of an 
ambitions American basketball 
coach (Bacon) who conies to Africa 
to reenrit a towering tmtager fidm 
. toe fictional “WinabT tribe in' Ko- 
. nya. (7he catrieT«atfing "Winabi ate - 
Msed totBcly co fte Sambuni of 
ACam, an. offtooot of toe MuaL} 

- The coach plans io transfooa 

this tlecnager Into the next 
Qtaporon, h&mnteBol or Dttxmbe 
Mmontoo— Africans who went <» 
to play m the National Basketball 
Assecaation. .. 

Tbtfihn was riiot too^in Ke- 

andato- J 

lefts and 'jSbntotxrotribesmaL Snce 
the cast vras reerttoed from various 
parts of Afcfca,theactOKm thefihn 
speak Zato, Swahifi andSambniq. 


“What r had in tnmd was some- 
one just fike l&keem, a former soc- 
cer goafie, who wasjusi having fun, 
who began playing not as a bns- 
ness but as- frfay in toe purest 
sense,” said^ple,‘XjitOTgahasiL 
There’s a .pkyM qwdity, a sweet- 
ness about him." 

Bollywood Pictures, which is re- 
tearing the. film, sent Maina on a 
publicity tour of basketball arenas 
with Bob McAdoo, a former Los 
Angles Inkers star who is an advis- 
er on toe film Interviewed at an 
Atlanta hotcLMama .was sporting a 
dosenaopped do and a cm in toe 
bold green, ydlow and Wari of the 
African National Congress. 

In his spottswear from Los Ange- 
les and nis Lakers sweatpants, 
hteina, at 6 f oot 8 inches (2 meters), 
looks tike any basketball-crazed 
youth an an American playground. 
Only Us accented Bogush — and 
hs- casual attitude about basketball 
— inarichimas Kenyan. “In Kenya, 
basketball is not a big deal,” be 
oq^ained. “You can’t make money 
or a career, at it We play for the 
leisure of it, the fun of it" 


Maina said he showed up at the 
audition as a lark. When asked his 
bobby, he announced he was a 
“dunkahofic." Of toe 46 people who 
auditioned, he was one of two flown 
to Los Angdes for the screen test Id 
short order, be was given the parL 
ln sane ways, handling the role 
was ea?y, said Mama, who is KBn^u 
and whose father is an auditor with 
a telecommunications firm and 
whose mother is a nurse in Nairobi. 

“I could get toe character out of 
me at any time, because he’s a jot 
like me, smiling, laughing, playing 
jokes. He’s basically a cheerful, 
happy guy." , 

Maina — wearing tribal regalia. 
Us face and body pointed with in- 
tricate designs — - was also called 
upon in toe movie to display a 
striking, qukt dignity as the son of 
the tribe’s leader (Ntshona). 

The fihn offers a complex mes- 
sage about toe ways different cul- 
tures — African and American — 
can intermingle while maintaining 
their distinctiveness. Winabi wom- 
en perform at toe dunaette basket- 
ball game, for instance, but their 
cheers are done as African chants. 


Maina, who knew little of the 
elegant rituals of toe Samburu be- 
fore be began working on toe film, 
has a life that similarly blends Afri- 
can and .American cultures. 

*Tm a city boy,” he said. This fan 
of Charlie Chaplin movies, who 
watched “The BtH Cosby Show" at 
home in Nairobi read up on Sam- 
baru culture to prepare for the mov- 
ie. ’The Sunburn me.” he said, “is 
more alien to me than what 1 see in 
toe cities in toe United States," 
Prior (o making toe film. Maina 
planned to study computers and 
business at a college in Kenya. Now, 
be is hoping life wfl imitate an: He 
wants to play basketball at an 
American university. 

As for acting. Maina says; “Basi- 
cally. 1 see it as a one-shot deal" He 
would do another movie, he says, 
“only if it didn’t interfere with going 
to college." 


L ondon — Aiaa aw*- 

bounr’s 44lh play may 
weD be his bleakest to 
date. "Wildest Dreams," 
a the Barbican Pit. is the story of 
four :c-ners who escape their social 
despair by meeting weekly to play a 
cun georl-ani- dragons game in 
which they can sublimate their 
hopeless characters into such fan- 
tasy figures as Alric toe Wise and 
Monia toe Enchantress. 

But as often in bleaker Ayck- 
bourn territory- All it takes is 'one 
nooplavine outsider to bring the 
game crashing to pieces and wito it 
most of the players. Here is Marcie 
f Sophic^ Thompson), a workmate of 
one erf the misfits, and by toe end of 
a shert evening she has reduced the 
others to gibbering wrecks by 
showing up all their shortcomings. 

The domestic tribulations that 
emerge range from child abuse to 
senile dementia. Brother is set 
a gains t brother, husband against 
wife, reality against fantasy and no 
student of Ayckbourn can be sur- 
prised by toe emotional wreckage 
that Bnere toe stage long before toe 
last scene. 

“Wildest Dreams" is about the 


games people play to avoid facing 
up to toe truth about themselves or 
those with whom they have been 
forced by reasons of parentage or 
marriage to share iber lives. But 
Ayckbourn's production has a 
tough time convincing us that he 
has found anything new in his la- 
ment for toe human condition. If 

jjQNDON THEATER 

he has s message, toe lantern with 
which be flashes it to us is flicker- 
ing very dimly around the Pit. 

Brenda Blcthyn. Barry McCar- 
thy and Jenna Russell as toe other 
players all do what they can wito 
limited resources, but in a play 
about rcde-playing it is ironic that 
Ayckbourn has written some of his 
tomnest roles. 

At toe King's Head is a joyous 
revival of Kaufman and Hart’s Pu- 
litzer Prize-winning “You Cant 
Take It With Yon" from 1936. This 
was their greatest popular success 
and seen now. toward what looks 
like toe end of a similar economic 
and soda] period, it has a remark- 
able mix of timelessoess and topi- 
cality. 

Essentially it’s toe story of one 
kooky New York household: 
Grandfather has done nothing but 


avoid tax demands; his son-in-law 
makes fireworks in the basement: 
his daughter writes plays for no oth- 
er reason than that someone has left 
a typewriter lying about the bouse; 
other relatives have set up printing 
presses, allied themselves to Russian 
exiled nobility, fallen in love wito 
straitlaced stockbrokers, and gener- 
ally withdrawn from plausibility. 

This is a comedy about toe cost 
of eccentricity and toe price of 
charm, and its enduring triumph is 
that it remains, after more than half 
a cennuy. both Chekbovian and 
humanitarian in a rare Broadway 
combination. Whatever chaos be- 
sets his household, whatever ex- 
plodes in toe cellar, whichever 
guests arrive on the wrong night, 
whatever FBI men turn up at toe 
door, grandfather’s reflection is al- 
ways the same one: “Just so long as 
they are having fun." 

And we are, we are. Martin Con- 
nor’s infinitely agile staging crowds 
18 actors onto toe minuscule space 
of toe King's Head acting area, and 
Frank Middlemass and Bridget 
Turner lead a troupe wonderfully 
in tune with toe breathless good 
nature of a vintage comedy. We are 
mm than lucky to have it bade for 
a while wito its multilevel studies in 
domestic and social upheaval. 


The Divine Sarah, Public and Private 


ByThtrinas ^QumnOirtiss . -- - 

• ' IntomSSoital HemldTrihme • 

P AMS — .Bbr more-than 60 ywro as 
ihe gcM^vciced .empress-' of the 
stage, Sarah Bernhardt thriDed mB- 
Eons toe worid over. After becom- 
ing the pride of Paris as a pobfe raxament 
and yearning for other lands to conquer, die 
toured Europe wito bet company and toes, 
expanded to traveila worldwide. 

Bo^ about ha- abound tod neyr ones 
continue to come out in : many language. .' 
But- some are unreliable, and Benmardt's • 
own memoirs are only a very paxtial disdor 


sate. They stop Jrt 1888, 33 years before her 
death: v- <• 

Now Vladimir Forgency, a French film 
and teterisiea director, has undertaken a 
rDonamental study of toe Divine One’s pri- 
vate. and public fives that is to roan three 
volumes. The first of these, “Sarah Bernhardt 
.' Scanddeusc” (Editions Jafo), has just beat 
published. Fotgpocy has unearthed valuable 
information about tou.fflcgifimate d a ught er 
of a mflfiner who rose to the heights of the 


Fargency’s IGxst volume of his Bernhardt 
trilogy has-the flow of a rapid drama, fasci- 
nating and foil of suspense. It contains the 


material for a i 
the indtfatigawc actress who rose from pov- 
erty and despair to become the intimate of 
toe great artists and authors of her age. She 
was one of the first superstars and her legend 
has survived. 

In toe 1950s the American critic George 
Jean Nathan, talking with a Paris colleague 
visiting New York, asked about French ac- 
tors be recalled and was pleased that they 
were still alive. Nathan then inquired, “Ana 
is Sarah Bernhardt still dead?” 

“Sarah is an artist who win never dre," 
replied his guest, "are is the idol of every 
young actress in Franca," 


BOOKS 


KAFKA VAS THE KAGE 

By AnatoleBro)Hv£l49 pages. 
$18. Corot Southem Sooks. 

Reviewed by . _ : 

Joyce Johnson. - • . 

T N 1948, 2$^ ^^ [ Apy ote 

«.ut.Kna W Msav'fthant the hip- 


n m t rat as non™™- 
have beeaenfitfed ViSemmUx 
toe Hipster" wtoer to A;?*- 
trait," since, .rather disnissrveg^ 

W* 5 l!?i.SlS 2 

tease 


jeafiy nowhere. And just as ampu- 
tees aften sootn to locahze thezr 
strongest ^sensatiem in tire gassing 


“As he waaitl»ilk»toitoe 
to- Lost Oeoatoon, thclnpst 


very beginning, to he somewhere. 
He was like a bcetie oa its back; Ids 
lifewas a! straggle to get straight But 
tho tews of human gravity kept him 
overthrown, because he was always 
erf toe minority — opposed m race 
'Of feefing to more who owned- the 
madao^ 

• The Mpstere were the preaawra 
. of the Beats, the iwwemeat . that 
wotdd burst up front toe under- 
; gronnd : J0 years later and release 

writes in “Kafka Was’ toe Rage,’ 
Jus unfinished, postowady pnb- 
ih^wl mcinobT ^ootie knew then 

-toatwewwtid'tottotoberi^it 


BEST SELLERS 


in trying to escape Iron freedom." 

Asa young, ambitious intclkctij- 
ad, arriving in Greenwich Village in 
1946 uimrediatdy after gcttiqgoul 
ofthc army, Broyard allied himsdf 
fairiy quitily not with the hipsters 

but wito toe code of older, mostly 
Jewish writers whose .work ap- 
peared in the Partisan Review. He 
opened a seamdhand bookstore on 
GameKa Street and for a time vm 

led Dwight 

MacDonald. and Qcznent Green- 
berg into a wodd of nocturnal ex- 

.perrenoe outride the realm of books 
and ideas in forays to the Los Hap- 
ibalbtoinSpaniriiBar- 
studted wito Erich 
Fromm, Karen Homey and Meyer 
Shapiro at toe New School for So- 
oid Research and tried to cultivate 
a Baropean and afiking for 


abstract art, but even then he 
longed to get straight 

As 1 read “Kafka Was the Rage,” 
I kept bring reminded of another 
nnfimdi ed memoir, Ernest Heming- 
way’s “A Moveable Feast” Both are 
seductive, ardauly written books by 
elderly men about the bygone Bote- 
mine of their youth. Both memoirs 
could be described as valentines — 
but valentines with barbs. 

When Broyard was writing about 
toe more sexually reluctant young 
women he relentlessly pursued, 
women who “wore their souls (ike 
that they never took off,” 
wbohad a touching air of crucifix- 
km as thqy removed their brasaeres, 
there were traces of contempt. It 
was not surprising that when 



." TWltorYwk'to 

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' NU&byJetaGny — — 


1 ' 23 


criaicfar The New York Times din- 
ing toe 1970s, the etnerring feaiimsi 
wncers found many of ms reviews 
pwmenriy hostile. 

“Kafka Was the Rage" also 
made me feel deeply nostalgic 
when I wasn’t wincing. 

Broyard was writing las best 
when be was edebratap tatoer than 
disparaging, and he ton absolutely 
capture toe hopes, the anxieties, the 
youthful energy — both sexual and 
intellectual — and the historical poi- 
gnancy erf the taminous years when 
everyone in Washington Square was 
cany^abodi:“tnffl^tnadt<rf 
toe Vafage was shabby, I didn't’ 
mmd. { thought all character was a 
fora of toaWaness, a wearing away 
of surfaces. I saw this shabbiness as 
our verson of rains, toe retie of a 
short histoty. Ihe sadness of toe 
buddings was Uterature. I was twen- 


2 7 evtB an aphrodisiac ' 


3 56 


32 


nor Characters” and “In the Night 
Ctfa ” wrote this far The Washing- 
ton Past 



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PageS. 

























































































Page 9 





c- i 


m. 


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Mr. ■*■ . :\ 
7.* /’ k' ! 


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c 

“i, *1'.' ? 

International Herald Tribune, Wednesday, Jamian ■ 3. 199i 


- < *•" . 


:.v v j- 





iffatLast 


Falling Output 

-m 

Raises 


THi TR1B INDEX: 111.41 § 

International Herald Tribune* World Stock Index O, Mmposed oj- 
280 internationally investabte stocks from 25 countries, compSea 
by Bloomberg Btran^ Hews. Jan. 1,1992 = 100. • 

120 — =-=-* 1 : 1 — 


Dividend Increases Hit a 10-Year Hjgb m . j Cprmanv 

W9t _ S&SSS& SSSSSi: sa£«fi8S 111 

creases. 


110 


By Floyd Norris 

York r — ■* t — 

NEW YORK 

dend drought is 

toes in American companies. 

A msb of dividend increases in 
the final month of 1993 made it 

the best December since 1983 m 
terms of the number of comga- 
n if s raising their dividends. 




TH- 


The MtuaJ pawl on the index 
in 1993. Mr. Keufcnan estimated, 
was about S12-5I- up onlv 2 per- 
cent from SI 221 in 1991 He esn- 
maied that the payments would 
rise 6 percent this year, .to SI a— ■ 

Even using that estimate, an 


investor buvmg the S&P 500 in- 
dei at the end of 1993 could ex- 
net to get 3 dividend vida of 
osiv 2.S4 percent. A yield of less 
than 3 percent has traditionally 
been viewed as a warning that 
stocks *erc getting overvalued. 

Suiis say, however, that with 
interest rates down sharply 
throughout tire economy, the 3 


too; 


i a reflection of 
in the econo- 


OsiUrPacific 


Europe 


! . m 


Approx, weighting: 32% 
Ctoss 118.43 Pra»~1 17 J1 

130pA?n 
120 ' 


Appnrcwdg»no:37* . 
Oobk 115^8 Pravj 115.11 


.;:*i 

L ** 


••• - , ^'Tj 




North America 


L*tm America 


Appraxweigfiflnjj 2G% 
CtoSK 9880 PfWC 9688 


Appwtwdtfd nffSV 
CbSKl2Sj08fiwa 12835 


my" mid Arnold Kaufman, editor 
- of Standard & Pool’s Gstp/s Out- 
look newsletter, whki released the 
figmes. ‘‘I think dividends wfll re- 
i ffwa stung in 1994.". - 

Dhrideod moves axe a lagging 
in dicator of the ectmc an y. be- 
cause companies tend to increase 
payouts only after they have seen 
profits rise and are co nfid e nt that 
the marease can be sustained. 

In December, 171 American 
companies announced dividend 
increases, far above the. total erf 
121 a year earlier and just short of 
the record for December erf 175, 

set a decade earlier. 

For the entire year, there were 
1,635 increases, a 23 percent in- 
crease from the 1992 furore of 


4,000 


3*nb 


‘AO® 


■WOO, 


1,333 ancyust below the 1989 


level of i^iw. 

The most-watched figure on 
dividends, however, is the payout 




Good M exrs dr/identJ 
now* increased dnndend ! 

B«d Decreased Crvetend < 


Omiaecl iSwCand 


Raters 

BONN — West German indus- 
trial output has fallen more sharply 
than expected, figures released on 
Tuesday showed, raisin g fears that 
the economy may not be recovering 
as expected. 

“These figures show that all the 
talk about a recovery is far 
early," Gerhard Grebe, chief econ- 
omist with Bank Julius Bar. 

Industrial output in Weston 
Germany fdl 2.1 percent in No- 
vember from the previous month, 
die Economics Ministry had said. 
According to Bundesbank statis- 
tics, it was 43 percent bdow the 
level of November 1991 
The Federal Statistics Office, 
which prepares the data for the 
ministry, said that it expected to 
revise the November figures to 
show an even larger falL 


figures. Orders fdl 0 J percent in 
October from the previous month. 

Output could rise m the are; 
quanortf retail sales were goodat 

^end(rfl993,ifbm^agvjty 

picks up after Decembers floods 
and if business confidence contin- 
ues to improve. 


tow au tTm — , 

The decline in November outwit 


maybe we will see some 
surfing in January or February, 
said Alison Cottrell, economist 
with Midland Global Markets. 

But economists also said there 
bik & rh*™** that West Germany 
could slip into a so-called “double- 
dip" recession. 

-If the first quarter turns out to 
be negative, then 1 woutf say Jtsa 
double-dip. but if orders and busi- 
ness confidence continue io show 
stability, then Td say it’s not, said 
Ms. Cottrell said. 

n U. tka imif 


-1 jXB. 


*80 


•65 


TV Sr* 1 *k.T:r 


was partly due to a cold speD — -- 
brought budding activity to a hall, 
but economists said a surprisingly 

steep 1 .8 percent fall in factmy out- 
put indicated business confidence 
remain ed weak. 

The figures came as a surprise 

. kuHHMi mrvrv hv 


vuui MW . — 

Despite the unification off cast 
and West Germany m 1990. 


auu WM ^ . V 

rate satisfies are still pubh 


sma "theTatest business survey by 
lfo Insfimte for Eco- 


i.'. 


A SON D J 
1983 

; Worid indm 


Bristol-Myers Will Slash 5,000 Jobs 

J . . omnizMorB 


7M a*. ^»*JjSZ l g££ ] 

jaffl Bsa SBL** 1 * 1 * 

oMrwte to *»n lop slacks m Irackatt 


Industrial Sectors 


To*, rw*. 


Enang iiqi3 109.71 *Q3& C^mQoa^ 


Con^bydtrSutfFnmDhpotchB 

-NEW YORK — Bristol-Myers 
Squibb Qx said Tuesday n wo^d 
35j00Djdbs. about 10 pocent of 
its worldwide total, over die next 

lost through a voluntary early re- 
tirement program off®^ t ° { y > 
ployees in September. The ““E® - 
ny refused to say rf all <rf the 
restructuring costs woum be cov- 
ered bya charge BdsuM|» 
ta4:m the fourth quarter of lw 
About 3^)00 jobs are to be cm m 
testd-Myere* pharmaceatical di- 

visfon, which is being rwigamrea- 
(X drat number; 700 will be from 
early retirement. 


health maintenance organizations 
and other third-party payers who 
demand discounts. 

The is the second wave of cm- 

tku and a manamns »«.. iqqt BristoVM>ere said it 

The PharmaccuUcal Group sEu- jq papeent, about 2JOO 

!«,i «i«aw 5H he reor- keep the lid 

on drug prices. 

Some analysts have said Bristol- 

■ « ^ in nMhil />f 


In the United States, the compa- 
ny's ydfes force will be reorganized 
into 12 regional business units sup- 
ported by a managed-care opwa- 
goo and a marketing staff. The 


nets and toiletries and beauty aids 
—are expected to either haw post- 
ed a dedice in sales of about 1 
p-reent or gains of no more fium 2 
Mtent, according to Neal Swing. 
Saanalyst with Ladenburg. Thal- 
mann & Co. 


[ DC nlmiiHF - — 

rooeanopwations also will be reor- 

£d. As a result, the onrmt 
structure (rf four regions will be 

disbanded, wipmg otrt one layer of to’ne^d'of a 

management, and 11 business units MjrastoiOTg^ 

^^i^rtdirecdyioaEuro- restructurmg. Its sate ^ 

peari headquartos in Municti. 

As "wiaged care increases us 
presence on the beahh-care land- 
scape; drug makers have_ been 
forced to cut prices in negotiations 
with large purchasers such as 


Ol V.O. 

"•.sssffiafS 


of SI 1.14. duuuu iu • -rrr« 
have predicted sales rose to SI 1-58 
bflhon last year. 


restructurmg, 

farriings per share have been con- 
sidered modest even m an industry 
that has been facing difficulties. 

The company’s core businesses 
pharmaceuticals, medical de- 
vices, nonpresciiption health prod- 



past year in anticipation - 
rules leading 

der the President Bill Clintons 
health-care plan. 

( Bloomberg, 
Knighi-Ridder, AP, UPD 


i he respeacu uu ■« — 

nomic Research had suggested pro- 
duction was stabilizing. 

Because of the sharp fall m man- 

ulacturing output, economists said 
the decline in overall production 
could not be amibuied solely to 
bad weather but suggested itat 
gross domestic product in the 

fourth quarter would dechne. 

E conomis ts had been expecting 
GDP, which rose Oi percent m 
both the second and third Quarters 
of 1993 after falling in the two 
previous quarters, to show contin- 
ued growth in the fourth. After the 
figures were released on Tuesday, 
they said government forecasts ol 
1994 GDP growth of up to 1 per- 
cent were too optimistic- 

“One percent GDP growth m 
1994 will now be difficult to 
achieve,” said Mr. Schneider. 

West German industry orders 
data for November, expected later 
this week, will provide an indica- 
tion <rf the size of the exoected 
decline in Decembers - 


France Names 
Outside Members 
Of Bank Panel 


Rruicn 
PARIS —The six lay 
of the newly independent Baric erf 
France’s Monetary Policy _ Council 

« 7Ua#4nlf 


riiuiwc a wvuwH-^ --- -- 

were dtosen lam on Tuesday. 

Sources dose to the talks said 


sources i u - — ~ 

President Francois Mitterrand, a 
Sodalist, had been pressng for »®- 
cbd Sapin, finance mimtter m the 
Socialist government defamd m 
Mardi, to be an the powerful mne- 

m pri!^.^Srister Edqfflttd BaDt 
dur, a conservative, initiall y r^ tca 

the nomination but later ag*&. 

The sources said that Mkhd Al- 
bert ^ would resign as dtainmof the 
stat e -owned Assurances Generate 
de France to join the pand, along 
with Jean Bcakramat, an econonnc 
commentator. The sources smd 
three otlte candidates, whom ttey 
did not identify, had bw largcfy 
agreed. The six wffljanBanqne^ 
France Governor JeanrOande Tn- 

chet and two deputies on the paneL 


MetaUSoid 


S 


s — 

.-In the line of RroTTcmMo 

■a’BfflwsffiSSS' 

^s, Doubtfire” and Juba Roberts and Denzd 
Watiiingtou in “The PtScan Bnd- _ 

' - ThepSctions ofbighitsfM teaew 

These mdude two Warner 

and Jodie Foster, OP®™? 

■ Fam." an epic stmring Kevin Costner, 

^Sman aSoennis 

^Tet Warner Brothers and ofitesmdiMareM^ 
vous about the wswm. 

■SSSBflgfe 

hk; fared pocafy. And Waintt Mothers A Per 


To Prepare 
Share Offer 


Banking Cuents Have Always Expe ct e d 
Outstanding Personal Service. 
Today They Find It With Us. 


AFP-Extd Newi 

FRANKFURT —Metallgpsdls- ! 




eriy Hills UJp X saa^ 

Civstri’s "City ShdMS 2, 

; SK^rvSbla” Warner Brothers wffl also.be 
: the-Vanqnre," stanrng 

. is « 

SS: (rf year. “No one knqw» anything. 


nrh industry sources :*UU 

The sources said the new stod: is 

expected to be issued soon and vM 
use up all of the compan y's 60 
ndiinn HM m nominal authonzed 
but unissued cajatri- The company 
refused to comment ou the possible 
nphts issue before a me etin g 

horbaxda. 

MetaHaeseQschaft has issued 
caphfll erf 8.835 milliOT times, 
worth a ncaninal 441.75_ milliOT 
DM. The company’s .stock ended 
Tuesday at 2673 DM, down 11 J. 

Tbe sources said the rights issue 
is expected to top the agenda ot 

Bank AG, which together own 
more than 23 percent of MetaDge- 
seflschaft- 

Last week, the company con 
firmed reports that its gross debt 
totaled 8 billion DM. MttrihJ^" 
gdlschaffs financial difficnlues 
onerged f blowing 

which led to the dismissal 

of a number of board Embers, 

induding Horn . Scfaimmdbnscfa, 
the company's chief executive. 





< i v 
■ ■# * ^ 4 


^ >■ f Si 

. - « i 


*■ i, ?5, — ™ S P ^ 

m«> B - -JB ®/S> 2 sr :a .js s s 

mnkltfl 2SW am w** " tS omp - uunMWff — ^ 

II 

Hi s':3s£ 

Torwte » «fin ' MSI* fl®. ■am u®.-** 

Mridi <bj imui IW *5® JJJ; uou inti liMtl 

,?s- 

tjvollaole. ;i .... ■ r ■■■ " T ’ 

. ffl Z2SS S jssr* 7 S - SSJT ^ 
-vSm* ; !3fJS2» 55- 

r n**— * M,t 43 *5 ‘ mi ‘ -qcW UAM[*o"*. T*u 

Fav®" 1 * 8 - % 


swtas Ranch 

m 

■•s: S5 .55 sw " 


MyMomrM H 

- UnBcOStalM ••• 
Dhowntnm . 1 
Prtmratt 
MtandMd* 

MMacm 


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HfmrTrWTt® . 

»— ri raMirv*” 

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.wwr THBW! 111 * 
MMaeimiuni w . .... 


Ow ww* 

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uo ate 
am 3M 

2J5 U* 

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ZM 

431 

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537 M4 
Srt 

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173 U3 


Boon b at e rate 

Con «a«ey 

VMBftMartMk 

KBonMilalBrtwea 

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520 AW 


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2«._ 2fc 
ua 2j« 
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K , ft T: £ £ ■■ ■■^SffSSSSS^r!^'^ ■ 


Sssest 

■ Lsobord rate* 

.aaasse; 

. M HtM 


WfiagBaM 


ffk - « 
6JS &» 

iM V* 
sas. sso 

KM SJS 

*5. sx 


i**y*M»*** ft tK. 

CoB mmay M m 

VwHiMHeaHk Ty! 

JraMWmwJ “Z A 

fioM 

pJ<L or«i 

- Zurich' 373u0O 3W0 +1» 

LMdOfl JtSJSO 3M.W +** 

Ktw York 3»50 . 3WM 

U jLflBBara per ow«m ■ ***!* 

imfTwidt oaatMw York oaanM (raws- 
tf&pftau; mm York Coma tFM 
Sour**: mu!**- 


D uring the Renaissance, 
misted advisors helped 
administer the finances 
and protect the interests of private 
individuals. The role demanded 
judgment, commitment and skill. 

Today, clients find that same 
personal service at Republic 

National Bank. We believe that 

banking is more about people 
than numbers. Its about the 
shared values and common goals 
chat forge strong bonds between 


tanker and client. It’s also about 
building for tbe future, keeping 

r nA noririi'in< 


UUliuuig, 

assets secure for the generations 
to come. 


come. 

This client focus has contrib- 
uted to our leading position in 
private banking. As a subsidiary of 

r _ • i. nt J: C A nnil 


pnvate * , 

Saha Republic Holdings S.A. and 
an affiliate of Republic New York 
Corporation, we’re part of a global 
croup with more than US$4 bil- 

lion in capital and US$46 billion 

in assets. These assets continue 


to grow substantially, a testament 
to the group's strong balance 
sheets, risk-averse orientation and 
century-old heritage. 

All banks in the group are 
locally managed, attuned to 
the language and culture of their 
customers. They share a philos- 
ophy that emphasizes lasting rela- 
tionships and mutual trust. Those 
values were once the foundation 
of banking. Ac Republic, they 
have been and always will be. 




A SAJFRA BANK 



TOR " ■ a ‘ 1E " K » , " ES • 


> 


5 4 ,r ‘ J 


j. 


,rs* 


12 


- nf - m 




■:~r: 





Page 10 

market diary 

Bond Rally Pushes 
Stock Prices Up 

Bloomberg Businas News serve Board to boost moncy-mar- 

NEW YORK — Prices rose ket rates early this year. Elaine 
Tuesday on the New York Stock Garzarefli of Lehman Brothers, the 
Exchange as gains in the Treasury prophet of the 1987 market col- 
market helped to offset concern lapse, turned slightly less bullish 
about rising interest rales. Tuesday on U.S. stocks in pan be- 

“The bond market has stabilized cause of concern about rising mon- 
today, and that's giving the market ey- market rates, 
a boost,” said John Blair, bead “Tb c federal fuDds rate bad been 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1994 


Vio Auodafed Pima 


Dow Jen— Averages EUBOPEAH FUTUBES 

Opm Hfc* LOW ow- Clou HUh low Pmr.Ctm 

Indus mg.ll 373330 374201 3783.90 +Z 7,30 — — 1 “ . 

T?WS 1 K 9 66 17 MJ 9 17 gT 3 17 K» -X® FOOtJ 

Utl! 22tLBB ZS7 19 Sft .14 226+60 — *0 * 

Com* 13 J 2 -T* 1381 M 137222 I 38 Z 04 + 073 COCOA (LCE) 

starting per melrfc ton-tot* of 16 hrt* 


I, +ew*r*r*y* 

Dow Jones 1 


leverage 


Standard & Poor's Indexes j 


trader at NaiWest Securities Corp. 
The Dow Jones Industrial Aver- 


on a steady decline since December 
1989 ; however, with a stronger ec*> 


age gained 27.30 points, to nomicoullook, further declines will . + 
3 . 783 . 90 . likely be limited." Ms. Garzarelli 

The Standard & Poor s 500 index $ajd. referring to the charge on ■ 

was up 1 . 45 , to 466 . 89 , while the overnight interbank loans. 

H Y. StwiB Shares of computer and drug 

manufacturers, which underper- 

American Stock Exchange index formed market averages in rcceni nysE 

whs up 0.12 point, lo 47736 . months, rallied. 

The Nasdaq aver-ihc-coumer in- Oracle Corp. rebounded 1 * to 
dex was higher for the seventh ume 30 M, after falling almost 16 percent S 5 lg * 5 
in the past eight days, g ainin g 3 - 56 , j„ lwo weeks on concern 

10 J™- about the earnings outlook. Oracle jv™ w ° 

Still, inleresl rates remain aeon- ^ ^ded 10 the "focus" list at Stt 
pern, analysis said. “Rates keep go- s.G. Warburg & Co. gffi 6 



intJwtrfais 

Tranjo. 

utilities 

Finance 
SP SCO 
SP ISO 


Hton Low CIOM ClifW UJK 
Sttffi S 3 ? 37 5*231 +175 S£tr 
42574 42506 + 2 .g jS 1 

17135 169.17 MMI-M* 

*V»* *177 + DJM SS 
46*09 * 6 W 4 44 X 09 +».« •*? 
*3139 «H 35 <3129 +102 <=5 


KX* BUtm * U ™ 

‘iflirtrtotowtot.aftohw* 55 T 

922 923 935 911 909 9 K 7 Est. volume: KMll.OPOn Merest: 132 , 17 *. 

940 U 2 946 932 92 B no 

*51 ra 9 S 941 WO 944 

«4 96 * 9*7 960 953 95 S 

S 3 22 23 go NjO. ha Industrials 

1304 1005 1305 wo 992 997 HM> Law Lost Settle Chtoa 

1317 73 U N.T. It 7 . 1392 MW OASOIL frPCJ 

1321 1322 1321 1320 1310 1313 lULMtonpermtiilctaiMatoirf TOtom 


NYSE Indexes 


Dae 1330 1341 N.T. N.T. HA NA 
G?f. SOMS 432 S 
COFFEE ll.CE> 

Dollar* «tr metric tan-kits of 1 tons 

JOB 1.171 1.700 1.180 1 . 1 M 1,177 1.178 


UwSw/AT THE CLOSE 

Centerior Energy Cuts Its Dividend 

CLEVELAND (Comhined Dispatcbes) — Cenierior Energy Corp; 

* uw anua**n 5 ^ Tuesday ithadcittitsdirideM in half, to 20 oaitsa^axe, and taken ' 
smwiMT buho iuffb a $ 1.02 bfflion charge against foartfr^raiter earning! - 
■ iowi m 96 -mo charge inch>desW 30 rnilIioafr^CeEteriar’ssubskfiaiiMwriiing 

Mii.'SenifKt: ib$l off investments in the uncompleted Peny_Nudcar Powct Plant Unit 2 *. 

and about S 590 nriHicra for Ceaterior’s write-off of previously deferred" . 

. . . . chanrasaainmngffom^ " 

WUStrlalS The hiding company for the utilities Cleveland Hecroc Htemaiiag:t 

low Lost s«w* ora* and Toledo Edison Ca alsoeited increasing oompetriiaB and sarolus^ 

mtnc ton-ices ofiw ton* generating capacity m its service territory. (UPl, Khifo*Rk&feri* 

14130 14335 1030 +175 . ; + 

isl isi iii li! Sara Lee President Suddenly Retires ■ 


Industrials 


Coajxatie 
Industrie!:! 
Tmrw». 
minim 
Fl no nee 


hmi Low Close OiV* sen 
ZX~S? ZSTJT Z 5 H 37 + 0M 
31 SJ 9 31457 11639 + 1 J 3 j0 " 
7 TJJ 3 267.94 27033 +139 E: 
ZTV 71 22539 22*27 — 130 


1.199 1300 1300 1,103 1,197 1.190 

1304 1304 1301 1.193 1.199 1300 

1.199 1301 13 M 1,176 1.194 1,196 fl®» 

1.198 1,202 1303 1.196 1.196 M 9 § 3*2 

in) m tan i.m lion i^an ™ 


14335 14130 1433 S 1030 +175 

14335 14135 14330 14130 +U 5 

14335 14135 M 335 1030 +7JS 

14330 141.75 14273 14335 + 230 

14325 14230 143 J 5 1075 + 2 B 

14430 1075 14430 U 4 J 3 ) +230 

14635 14535 14630 14635 +230 


>D 1.198 13 D 3 1303 1,196 1.196 1 .198 3*2 

DV JJIO UP US 1,195 1,190 TUSH 

m 1.198 130 1,196 1 ,IW 1,190 1309 gS 

Esl. Sales 1844 ^ 

Hhfi Law CtaK CM o» 


21572 71*24 71531 + 0.13 WHITE 5 UOAR (Mattfl 

Dcmar* per awlrie McHoli of so lam 


385 28530 — LIS 


}S^ HiS +230 CHICAGO (AP) - Sara Lee Corp. on Tuesday announced the* 
n.t. H.T. n.t. i« 5 o +z 2 s unexpected retuement of Cbmdis Boonstra, presiaent aim a director of J 
ft?; NX Jlt: ISm +135 the food and knitwear txni^pany, fbr imdisdosed pasoaal reasoasL 

i»S islh ia£ +z« There was no indication that Mr. Boanstia, who was unavaflaHe fe 1 
Esi. solas i 93 a 5 .p«v. sou waa. comment, lad had a disagreement with the Sara Lee chairman, John H. ’ 

^ aioiinra Bryan, over business poBcy or strategy. Nfr. Bodnstra, a Netberiandsnaiwei* 

rsMr barrt+iQti of i 39 t bcanti had becncocadensd tiMestecmive ixxKtHixly tosxcced Mr. Bfyao, 57 . Mr. ‘ 


"*■"'•4 A S O K D J 
.... 1993 .^964 

1 H 1 

NYSE Moat Aetlves 


NASDAQ Indexes 


BRENT CRUDE OIL (IPE> 

UA. dollars pot banrtHM* of 1309 banb 
NO 1332 1142 . 1 U 1 1161 +041 


Kph 

Low 

Lass 

Cbg. 


30ft 

30ft 




IB 

—41 


43ft 

<■*’< 




36 



41ft 

42 



51ft 

51 "• 



33ft 

34 



Mri 

6ft 




SSft 

toft 



44 

45ft 



15ft 

17ft 



S3 1 - 

56 



23ft 

24ft 


37>/. 

36 

37ft 


1 17ft 

IXft 

16ft 



Camaeaire 

imfcnlriafe 

FIDCRQ 8 

Insurance 

Tolecamm 

aORkl 

Irons:. 


•MtexiM "w J? M 2 ? S-aTiS lise uS'ub imi +mi Biyan has notgivcnaBY indication cf plans to resign or letore. ^ 

8 S NX JJ: iZr is iig} Kg JSS ^Ifs a surprise, but I don't wad anything bitenor or any deeper * 

Hi«L low ciou cnbc g« fLi: nx So 28 uo - 15 Jj" MS 1 M 2 Kg meaning into this,” said Roger Spencer, a Food-indnstry analyst with: 

irir} S^S tin esiwtow. prev. 9 «« 307 '. oomiiner- US ISS mai + 1 J PaincWebber Inc. in Chicago. Sara Lee brands, in addition to its baked . 

§3 Ew 1 $ M* uS +W 7 goods, include Hanes, L'eggs, Dim, Playtex,Oian^Hi^ - 
rz-T-r §Sn 3 B 5 S^ 39 S ,w - w “ w - Ik pa* awl Jimmy Dean. 

74056 734.13 73839 — 941 ' MOtSUS _ . - _ - Al ■ ■ ' * 


Stock Indexes 

Htob Low On CIMWC 
UFFE) 


r , “rTJ' ,u , , . 9 a.vj. warnure a i-o. cnMotr 

a^^sjEsa Msa-sf-s^g M 

^JSasLs; safe « 

SalSIS RulhH,0rd - BroWD driving inexorably toward nZu,- J - 

& Catherwood. sxid Frederick Tavlor, AMEX Mo«t Acwm 

® invcslmeni oifiner of U.S. « ™ r- M 

four-and-a-half months. The \ield rwqS'o 2 «ia 'wf Y* « 

on the 30 -year Treasury bond was Carmakers rose amid the release gewn* mi* 27 ^ aj, 25 = 


HWi Low LOB CM. 
477.97 47447 477 J 6 * 0.17 


RTSE 180 (UFFE) 

KMrMerwW 

Mar 34343 33863 34203 -93 

Jon 34343 3023 34313 —63 

EsL volume: T 4 JBL Open N M naT: 401183 . 
Sources: Rmiterx Motif. Asso c iated Press. 
London inrt Financial Futures Exeteom. 

Urn Petrotewn Exchange. 


S care, saja rreaencs tayior, 
' investment officer of U.S. 


the bond stood at 98 21 / 32 . lion of the industry s annual trade 

The recent rise in rates is tied to show later in Uie week. Chrysler 
concern that a robust economic re- surged 2Vi lo 56 , GM was up 1 s to 
co very may cause the Federal Re- 56 W and Ford gained ^ to 6 .'%. anjgnr 

Profit-Takers Undercut ^ 
The Dollar’s Advance m 

. n . , , Ntwrtgtw 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches j^g the run-up to the Bundesbank Now Lows 
NEW YORK — The dollar meeting and to the scheduled re- — 
slipped a Rainst major European lease on Friday of U.S. non/arm Amox 
currencies on Tuesday as late prof- payroll data, 
it- taking erased gains that brought "Dealers do not want to go short 

the unit to a five-and-a-half month dollars into the Bundesbank meet- g tSSSa 1 
high against the mark and a nine- ing just in case they cut rates,** he ujjw w 
month high a gains t the yen. said. "Equally, they do not want to now md** 

But dealers said the dollar re- be short marks going into the non- No ” Lowi 



V 0 L 

HWI 

Low 

Last 

dig. 

EcnoBay 

21481 

1496 

14 ft 

14 ft 

+ 96 

Rovaoo 

9688 

5 ft 

5 

5 ft 

_l,£ 

Cheysns 

8814 

27 

25 ft 

25 ft 

— 1 ft 

FtooCkt 

*190 

2496 

24 ft 

24 ft 

-ft 

Ansdta 

5200 

6 ft 

6 ft 

6 ft 

+ 46 

Atari 

513 * 

6 ft 

5 ft 

6 

+ ■ .. 

ChDovA . 

4737 

4 ft 

4 ft. 

4 ft 

-Ift 

Hasbro 

aOTO 

3596 

35 

35 ft 

— ft 

ENSCD 

3558 

3 V„ 

3 ft 

Jft 

- 9 ft 

- « ■ - 

wpinu 

2869 

104 . 

1014 

10 ft 

-ft 

inFnY wt 

25 SO 

4 Vi 

6 

6 ft 

—ft 

TouSrcc 

2481 

4 Vu 

4 V,. 

4 V.+ 

+ k„ 

PhiLD 

2416 

lift 

SO'.. 

61 ft 

-ft 

fj**, 

2374 

2 *« 

2 ft 

r.- u 

-ft 

IwotCo 

7154 

28 ft 

26 ft 

27 ft 

—ft 


Stock Indexes 

AMEX Stock Index —.JO, o 

SB 9 I 111630 111739 112030 112130 FTSE IBP (UFFE) 

nu. Forward IT 3 SJXJ FIJI® T 13736 113830 Xlotrlodi awltf 

LOW LOST aw. COPPE R CATHODES (High Grads) Mw M 43 M 6 B 341 

477 97 47647 i7T ~* * 0.12 DoUor* PW H WM* c Ion tol W 9 3 g 3 . 343 

. Saw 1732 JJ 8 l rnca 179930 188030 EjL volume: 16983 . Oncn hear 

fK 5 rt 17S2J " 178130 lra: “ mM Sources: Reuter* Motif. Assoc 

■—■■■■ w— — i , tD _ London inri Financial Futures 

Dow Jones Bond Averages a&sb 449^0 « 53 o 4 > 63 d ianpt*nMum£*citano*. 

. 1 — ForvmnJ 48230 48330 49730 50030 

— ■■ NICKEL 

twM LAW Dunn ay m e tric ion — _ 

20 Sands 10*74 —005 Start 523530 524030 537530 536100 SpOt ConUIMKffilaS 

10 Url lilies KO.® +Q- 0 V Forward 529530 530030 543030 544030 — — 

10 Industrials I 063 B -030 TtH OmaeOF TOIlBV 

Sdoi 48 au» IMM 487538 408030 cS 2 £!bS^B> 0315 

■wiwt^ BSsfflR^ g^“ 1 

. sad mim wjw Main H 

Forward 101530 101630 100530 100638 ,££, 


BankAmericato Sedlea Claim 

LONDON (Combined Dispatches) — BarikAmerica Cor 


Dollars per metric l«n 
Ssoi 48 HUJ 0 4 


Market Sales 


NYSE 4 pun. volume 
NYSE orrv. cans, dose 
Anti 4 Bjm. volume 
Amen am. cons, dose 
NASdaq 4 mn. volume 
NASDAQ arm. 4 mi vaJurar 


Ame* volume down 
NASDAQ volume UP 
NASDAQ valune dawn 


liver, trov at 
ihH (scrap), Itn 



KNary 


Advanced 
Declined 
Undianfletl 
ToFd Issues 

New Mohs 

Now Laws 


1203 902 

922 1318 

611 514 

2736 2734 

59 50 

25 17 


Amex Diary 


Advanced 
Declined 
Unchanged 
Total issues 


SAP 100 Index Options 

jwl; Jg« 

Strtki CaSvUrt PdMjbI Jim 

Prtaltov Dk Jn ftt Ibr Dec Jn Fefc Ej 
a---- - + 4 »»N 6 uu 
ia - - - - a vj i - 

PS---- l * 9 vi%- wr 

a _ 21 , - - h u in h ™ 

os - - r 1 -- 3 * k ft - , S 

<IB _ — - 241 - « 2 1 ft «L 1 ggc 

a !■'« 13 ft - It Ilk M 5 ft SL 

4 a 79 96 toft — 2 Ik 5 M — *» 

a M H n »; A n I u» e ’ 

as 1 ft 3 ft 5 ft - A Pi II - J-Ml 

40 ft IS fl A II IM 14 ft — DM 1 

as *. s i — 17 uv — — Mar 

45 C* ft S ill - K - — jaa 

4 S 5 ftft ft---- - sS 


Financial 

HWI LOW CKna CMM 
a MO NTH STERLING (UFFE) 

8508300 -Pts of 1 H PCt 

M«r 9*33 MTS 9475 —036 

Joq 9533 94.92 9434 —038 

Sen 9 SD 9 9532 9 S 32 — 038 

OK 9 SJ 7 9532 9532 —038 

Mar 94.93 9489 9439 — WJS 


DhMends 


Par Amt Par Roc 
DISTRIBUTION 


MFS ClHTrtr man Tr 
MFS Govt Mkb Inc 


9423 —039 MFSIntmed IncTr 


9 A 48 « 4 v —CM MFSMuilttMktitK M 347 141 1*14 

SS r 2 $ INCREASED 

0& Oxford Industries Q .18 2-26 Ml 

L 4 K n iFrn USUAL 


M J» Ml M 4 
M 346 1-31 V 14 
M 341 1-37 1-14 
M 347 1-31 1-14 


EsF. volume: 51758 . Open Interest: 377316 , 
3 -MO NTH EURODOLLARS CLIFF E) 

SI inHEkm ■ Pts at HO pet 


9 X 06 

9 X 43 

9 X 46 

— 003 

9 X 09 

9 X 07 

9 X 10 

— 005 

9 SJ 9 

9 X 75 

9579 

—UBS 

N.T. 

N.T. 

9 X 39 

— 006 

N.T. 

N.t. 

9 X 23 

— 008 

N.T. 

N.T. 

9500 

— MS 

N.T. 

N.T. 

9*81 

—008 



O 75 1-14 1-10 
_ 3904 1-31 1-14 

-37125 1-31 1-14 

_ 371 88 1-31 1-14 

_ 3 raB 1-31 1-14 

>37300 1-31 l-M 


day it had agree d to pay £2$ imUkai ($ 36 . 9 .mflKaQ) to Nfirrar Gronp . 

“IS Newspapers PLCs pension fund to settle dmmsaganistiL ' 

TIk banking conqjany said the paymmt was in settlement of pcasidB . 
trustees’ claims related to BankAmerica's rde as custodian of sonte^ 
assets of the fund. BankAnuerica said it agreed to the payment “without ; 
' admit ting any legal responsibility -for losses incurred" by ihc Mirror fund. - 
The late Robert Muwdl took mme than 5400 million of assets freriK 

various pension funds to prop up bis private companies. Officials of the . 

‘JJJ; pension funds have been battling since his death in November 1991 . to ' 
oAi 5 recover the funds. (AFX, Knigfti-Ridder) ' 

J Disoe/sGiairiiian GelBNo BoiiiK ? 

NEW YORK(Coir*ined Diaatcfaes) — Fcr the first time in lus 10 years ’ 
• at Walt Disney Co„ Jvfichad rasnex, chairman of theentertammait and . 
_ amusement-park concern, received bo bonus in the year endod SepL SI ^ 
Mr. Eisner, who rccraved bonuses averaging S 7 J miffim in eats of the^ 

previous three years, received only iris annual salary of $ 750 t 000 mid an - 

’ ** ulsiiiance benefit totaling 59,600 because the company faded lo reach net- ; 

income targets specified m his enmkiyinent contract, acaxding to a proxy 
[ mJ statement filed Tuesday with the Sccuritfes and Exchange Cwmnissitm. " 
The executive, however, did exerase stock options d ining the year that ' 
yielded paper profits of about $202 miltioh, according to the filing. It did . 

, mi not specify umax stock prices had been used as the basis for that * 
calculation. ~ ( Knight-Ridder, Bloomberg 




For the Record 


Cclb: tt =1 IitA UJ 35 . fclcl own M. 411 917 
Pool- total tcL t an total soea ML 30731 


m airi er! broadly underpinned by farm payroll. Trading is thus likely 
— ^ to be choppy, with the dollar hav- 


Poroign Exchanga 

speculation that the Bundesbank’s 


ing a moderately positive tone. 


NASDAQ Diary 


Dtcn DKM Dtc W Been DKM Dec» Sep 
35 ft - - — Ik — — DOC 

3 - - - ft - - MM 

3 Tl — - — •» — - JOB 

41 - - - 1 ft - - & 

Pi !*.--! - - iq, 

CMC: total vrLD. WcicBW tot vy Mot 

Pu!v tefaveL 9 P. total ssenirtL 1 1109 jm 

-'n.'CT- CSCE I E: 


speculation that the Bundesbank’s “For the dollar in the short term I £rtvwc«j ija ’■« I cans: wdvrLc.-wuiOTntatw* 

central council might cut interest to break above the key 1.7480 resis - 1 uffig «5 1 « ^ | 

rates when it meets on Thursday, tance level requires the nonfarm Tornl '“** 1342 1 

“The dollar could lose a bit more payroll to come out at above - — ■■ — 

of it's turn-of-the-year spike, but 230 . 000 ,” Mr. Gilmore said. Many 

Chevron Gives Workers Cash Bonus 

rency research at J. P. Morgan Eu- A wave of dollar sales by Ger- Bloomberg Business News 

rope. man commercial banks raised spec- ' _ _ 

The dollar closed at 1 7355 DM ulation the Bundesbank had inter- SAN FRANCISCO - Chevron Corp. said i uesday it would share the 
on Tuesday below an intraday vened. Bundesbank officials have results of its improved financial performance bv giving 42^00 workers a 
high of 1.7450 DM and a close on said several times recently that the one-time cash bonus amounting to 5 percent of their base pay. 

Monday at 1.7435 DM. It dosed at stability of the mark must be as- i he payout was mads because the company had met a five-year goal of 

11165 yen, off from a high of sured if credit easing is to continue, achieving the highest total return to stockholders among U.S. oil compa- 
1 13.48 yen and a Monday dose of The dollar slipped to It wiH require the company to record a S 70 million charge in the 


Mar NX NX 9573 —838 

Jan NX NX 9 S 3 S — ft®® 

Sep NX N.T. 6631 —038 

Eif. vufuffia: *21 Open bitvrat: 1713 . 

3 -MONTH EUROMASKS (LIPFE) 

DM 1 manna -pis of IMpo Ma—aalf bm m iiIMy; q q a arfer f i'; Wti 

Mar 9458 9431 9452 —033 umaal 

Jem 95.13 9533 9534 —035 

Sap 9 i 51 95 A 3 95.45 —035 Source: UPl. 

DOC 9572 9536 9536 —035 

Mar 9 S 33 9539 9531 —031 

Jap 9532 9538 9579 — 032 1 . 1 -n 

% SS SS S 3 = 8 £ M.Y 4 LE. OckHusi Tradtoig 

Jm K 27 «55 «76 Bur Sales Short 

Est.voluma: 110577 . Open Moral : 7 Z 7 A 55 j 859333 yn/« 7186 

LONG GILT (LI FFEJ Det 31 755373 13 BHB 63 2139 

< 38386 -PM A Smb Of WO PCI OocM 1 A« 

Mar 1264 M 119-02 119-12 —Ml DPC-g 732^1 L 33 AB 45 H 3 J 

JIM 119-03 119-00 118-20 —Ml Dpc .28 78 X 714 1 . 195.156 25.15 

Est volwtne: 6 U 61 Oaan inKrasf: 181337 . •Included In the soles figure* 


1-31 1-14 General Motors Coqx, Ford Motor Co. ind Chtysto' Cotp. posted ^ 
m jm ils vm aanlrined 1993 dranestic sales rflOAnnOkiai can and trucks, an increaseH- 
§-°ad 'm via of nearly 10.4 percent over 1992 . - (O P/j; 

i oB orf art y.- h «6 Coopen A LybraBd has decided to adopt Lotus Devekrpmenl Corp.'s - 
products for use on all of the accounting and consulting coipceni’s^ 
personal computers, winch are-used by its -TtyOOO empioyeea in 120 .. 
countries. The order is worth about S 10 rmlTiAn, but it could have a * 
jot Trading broader impact becanse Coopers is an inflnenlial business consclta nt on 'j 

die corporate use of infonnatioh tedmology. • (NYT)^ 

IA 32325 73364 Bfadt A Ded<er Coqx said Tuesday it had sold its Cortin 'Rnsswar'* 

SSi kSS architfictiiral hardware business to W 3 hams Hddings PLC, the London-. <; 

gra based maker of Yale brand locks/for $80 nrinira i- CcatnnRnsSwin makes- f 
wn door locks and hardware for coanmenaal buildings. (AP. Knight-Riddet) l 


U.S. FUTURES 


VaABodoMPna 

Stonon Season 
Utah Law 


Onen HMi Low date CM OPJnl 


Grains 


Susan SwHan 
Men Law 


0 pm Ktft Law asm On Opiaf 


Semai Season 


Opm Mad Low Oon a» QpJta 


1 12.70 yen. 


1 . 4825 Swiss francs from 1.4940 fourth quarter. 


WHEAT (awn 

5300 bu rnMrman- EaMrs Per DutM 


2.96 J 394 144 XV 141 a 42 ft- 4 UBW TUI 4 

331 Sep 94 X 45 330 Vl X 44 « 3 A 3 ft- 4 l 01 'A 1399 


I 1837 9 . 17 WUV 95 1034 WJM HUH M 74 -411 UHZ 9631 

TOTS 11 X 57 May 93 1034 KM 1034 KM -All n 9675 

1038 11 X 0 Jut 95 1074 -All 5 9034 

! 1030 10370095 KM - 0.11 7 9 L 41 

Est aSo UMI MufS-StSa 8365 ““ 

McWsanmint 10 X 185 up 2017 
COCOA (NCHQ ... 


a light range against the mark dur- 


( AFP, AFX. Bloomberg) million charge against fourth-quarter earnings due to the fall in oil prices. [ sjno bumwmunvowariperburtwi 



1182 

1177 

1 M 0 

IMS 

—3 3 X 816 


nu 

TUB 

1193 

1»6 

-J ixin 

K?JW 94 

1234 

1238 

m 2 

122 * 

—5 9.576 

1028 Sap 94 

12 K 

1243 

1258 

1253 

+2 UH 

MflDecto 

1280 

■210 

1*0 

1280 

+2 6+406 

1007 MOT 95 

urn 

1300 

1380 

1212 

6 * Utl 





13 M 

+2 X 32 B 





1317 

+ 2 . HSB 3 

utaSepn 




1327 

+7 383 


90 JBMer 94 9646 9637 9631 9636 . 484.193 \ 

9 B 30 Jun 94 MJH 9 L 13 9637 96 JI *031311395 . 

9 Q 3 tSapM *575 9581 9173 9530 *032230357 ,r 

9071 DKM 9536 9530 95 M 9539 * 833177,931 • 

SQMMerK 9516 »25 *576 9534 *831189479 ft 

9071 JunJS 94 JB 9582 HU 9531 + 034 IZ 733 S , 

KMISepfS MM 9(31 9 CM M 31 *834111311 

91 MDK 95 9 * 44 ' 9831' -9434 MJO * 8 M 86 M 1 . ■ 


—3 344 U Etfwiln Z 223 U IMaa's.aNM Z 17 M 0 
—4 14.172 Man's cmnkrt 2,05305 up . 188 D 
S 9 375 HJBTHH POUND (aMSO . 


13930 13800 Sap 94 


13731 +98 914 • 

1308 *182 8 . 

13676 *104 S * 


EW.Btt* 6 JH 7 Man's. Kin LWJ 


cs:***^ HSE ^miu 89019 |TT« 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


, Agenca Tram Ana 


QaoaPrw. I 


Amsterdam 

ABN Amro Hid 
ACF Hold Ing 
Aeoon 
AhoW 
Atao 
AMEV 

Am»l Rubber 
Boto-Weftsonm 
CSM 
DSM 
ElKvler 
Fanner 
Gisi- Brocades 
HBG 
Helnefc en 
Haouovens 
Hunter Douglas 
IHCCaHmd 
I filer Mueller 
Inn Nederland 
KLM 
KNP BT 
Ncaitava 
OceGrfnten 
Pakhoea 
Philip* 
pDlrDixmi 
Robeco 
Rooamco 
Rollnco 
Rorenlo 
Ravol Dutch 
Stork 
Unilever 
Von Ommeren 
VNU 

Wofters/Kluwer 
CBS trend bides : HA 

Previous ; N 3 L 


VKB 

VoUcswaoen 
__ Wei la 

iS£ 0! ” ■ 


Helsinki 


M 7505115 a Glaxo 
* 44*4460 Grand Met 
840 850 gre 
158 Guinness 

IT GUS 

87 Hanson 

’ Hlllsdawn 

HSBC HWw 

ICI 

—u incnamo 

IH'I Kingfisher 


Dominion Texl A w* ?■* rwiwiswiiken 
Donohue A 23 23 Invesror B 

MacMillan 81 2 iv* 21 L, Norsk Hy dro 

Nall Bit Canoda lo 1 ^ ir^ Procortio AF 
Power Corp. 21 =*» 2 l'i Samlvlk B 


X 49 198 May 94 X 43 339 33210 334 *031 4.773 

338 ft 197 Jill 74 33 JW 339 33 J» 334 K- 3 XOM 9 J 12 

Xflft SJDftScpM 335 X 49 335 338 MXOOfc 131 

1 ST Vi 3 . 12 ft Dec 94 353 355 352 ISTW+Ofllft 712 

ESI. ides NA. Men's, sches 8.900 
niton's open kit 4 X 741 
CORN (CBOTI 

5300 bu ndnfcnum- doDm P«r bushel 

X 07 232 ft Mar 94 LMX. 338 ft 105 ft 336 ft - 8 j 00 ftlSU )46 


aRANOSjUKE (NCT 90 


CANADIAN DOLLAR fCMBD 
SPflrdr - 1 POlrtf nnk W JXffl 

03712 BJlMMorM 07606 1 X 7806 07577 07564 -06 26377 

yearns perm. 07805 07365 Jua 94 87595 07595 OT 5 M SJsn — 23 1391 

8113 Jan M TU 65 1055 10025 19095 —370 1 JBS 07740 0734554 ** M ’ 07585 07365 02565 8793 -M » 

■ 450 Mar 94 nis 11595 1 K 90 TI 110 - 0*5 11310 07678 0731 IDoeM 07573 0795 07565 1 X 7549 -23 354 : 

WJM May 94 now 114 L 75 11470 11435 -03 2 JM 5 0730 07 I 76 Mar 95 - _ 0 J 5 W -31 TO 

10350 Tut 94 12170 121 JO 11730 11735 -835 UNO EttwMs 4 M Martta-satas 1 <X *3 
iim«i 4 w >04 mao Hi on man !H« —run Men's open Id 3734 UP 3320 

GERMAN MARK (CMRR) 


1343 1 DUO Sep M 1 T 9 J 0 11930 11930 11945 -4145 
13630 TULOQNOVM 12130 12330 12100 12135 —035 


13230 TKL 50 Jan *5 


Toronto 


Qvebee Tel 
Ouesecor a 
Q uebecor B 
Tefaolobe 
umva 
vWeofmn 


21 Vi 21 ft SandvIkB 
2115 IlVt SM-A . 

18 IB S-E Banken 
IBVs I 8 i 8 SkanClaF 
30 V* 20 ft Skansxc 
m 75 * SKF 


Amer-Yhfyma 

116 

114 

Enso-Gutzeit 

3800 

37 

Huhtamaki 


184 

IUJ.P. 


U-M 

Kymmene 

120 

115 

Metro 

198 

190 

Nokia 

297 

28 / 

Pohloto 

89.40 

IM 

Rsipola 

9 X 50 9020 

Stock rmm 

270 

257 

HEX Index : 166 X 89 
Prevfcwi : 16*108 



XS u» i— ■ mia NthWsi Water 

ss SSMS+.iA'at** rjy» 

. Pifkinoton 

Hong Kong Prudential 

5 ijo Bk Easl Asia 3 5730 
7735 Camav Pacific 1530 15 . i a 

12430 CHeuno KBIIO 4935 4735 gfSKJv, 

U 30 China Llsttit Pwr 55.50 S 4 g *™'"’ 1 

|Sto Dairy Farm mri 15.90 15 tt 

Hana Luna Dev 20302030 gJfCGnoua 

mo Harm Sens Bank 75 SO 74 gSSw£? 7 Si tl 

^2 Henderson Land S 8 J 0 59 JX KErCii " 

toS HK Air Eno. 5150 Si gw?' Scot 

” S 5222 LS- ^ 2< % Sltasovry 


5250 SI 
2620 2420 
34 55 


n Royal Seal 
20 ftz 
as Soinsourv 


115 116 
15 J 0 1530 
1730 1630 


Sot Power 
Sears Ha’ds 
Severn Trent 
Shell 


Aeec-UM 

AG Fin 

ArOed 

Barca 

Bekorrt 

Cockerlll 

CaMf» 

Delhatot 

ElectrabeJ 

GIB 

CBL 

Gevoert 

Kredletbank 

Petroflno 

Pomefln 
Roroi Setae 


hk Electric 34 as 

1 » HKLnnd 30.25 23.10 ^"^ 2 ° 

„ . 10 HK Really Trust 30 2730 

•LA. HSBCHatdlOBS 115 116 

HKSianaHtls 15 J 0 1530 Severn Trenl 

HK Tetecomm 1730 1630 |WL 

HK FenY IJ 9 G 1 Z 10 Nrnhr, 

. Hutch Whampoa 3975 39 srn " N«nm 

S3 Hyson Dev 3075 3025 sm hKHne B 

2MS 2485 Jardlne Math. 31 91 

am 2 M j online str Mid 37.75 3650 

iico *050 Kowloon Motor 2 X 5 » 245 ) 

22 m 2190 Mondqrln Orient 1140 11.50 I™-*.. 

2^20975 Mlromor Hotel 2030 21 x 52 SlS WI 

41 J 4, S & 

^ lIKIfpoCA ^9 6930 ySS’” 
imp 1515 Tal Cheuna Pros 16 J 0 1670 ***?££■»« 


Brussels 

ft 2465 2485 


smMn Nephew 
MJ 5 axa SmllhKIIne B 

81 81 S® 1 "?.}*"! 


IS wSTSmSm 

BV 30 WM Whirl Held 3730 37.25 

m EOT Wlna On Infl 1530 1420 

§££ ^ wlnsar Ind. 1*30 1530 SB SB™ 


3730 3755 
1530 1420 57,1 

1430 1530 


Powerful 35 VO 3550 Hana Sena Indjoi: 1220138 

Rural Eiwoe 3£0 srao fWl«« : I 20 K 3 & 

gSB»S — 2 -^- 

;g£Sr Johannesburg 

Troctebel ' 0*53 10450 AECI T 730 1730 

UCB 25850 25925 AJteCh 9150 91 

CbtreM Stock Ipdex : 757199 g* 5 S* n,, * r JS J 


Willis Carroon 


((Bdesfrtals index : 19 IIJ 5 
I Previous : 187110 


Accor 
Air Llauide 
Alcatel Abiftam 
AXG 

Bancalre (Cle> 

BIC 

BNP 

Bouyaues 

BSN-GD 

Camtour 

CX.F. 

Cerus 
Choraeurs 
CJ meals Franc 
Club Med 
EH-Aaultairw 
Elt-Sanott 
Euro Dtsnev 
Gen. Earn 
Havas 
1 mein! 

Lofarae Copper 

Leararvt 

Lvon. Enujt 

Oreol (L'l 

UVJAJH. 

MoTro-Haer.etfe 

Michel In B 

Moulinex 

Paribas 

Pochlne* Intt 

Pemoc-PJenra 

Peuoeai 

Prln retnos (Aul 

Raatotoctuilaue 

Rh-Poulene A 

RaH. Si. Lduls 

RedSUte (LOI 

Saint GoSoln 

SXJB. 

Ste Generate 
Suez 

Thomson-CSF 

Total 

HAP. 

Voted 


25 25 ft Stora 
nix Trvliebaro BF 
Volvo 


414 KS ; 
2150 W 30 I 
537 545 I 


AW MW Price 
Aanlco cade 
AlrCcnada 
AaterM Enerov 
Am Borricfc Res 
BCE 

ak Move scot to 

BC Gar. 

BC Telecom 


15 ft 15 ft 
17 ft 17 1 * 
5 ft 5 
18 ft 18 ft 
a 37 ft 
45 ft 64 '!* 
30 ft 30 ft 
16 ft 14 ft 
24 25 ft 


g rK iei svoertden : 144051 
PrevTetss : NJL 


Am car 
AN 2 
BHP 
Boral 

Bougainville 

Coies Mver 

Comal co 

CRA 

CSR 

Dun lea 

Fosters 3 :ew 

Goodman Field 

ICI AustraJki 

Magellan 

MIM 

Nat Aust Bank 
News Cora 
■Nine Network 
N Broken Hill 
Pisnoer mri 


Sydney 

9 .«r 9.78 
ISZ 434 
1 ? A 0 1753 
433 423 
vine 0 J 5 0 J 4 

ter 537 557 

, 425 416 

12 JZ ld« 
4*2 4 S 6 
144 WJ 
Srew iai iJt 

n Field 136 IAS 

ratio i'H 6 1020 

n 2.13 115 

177 256 
I Bonk 1133 1134 

ra 9JU sjj 


EF Really Hds 

N.O. 

005 


009 

001 

Brunswick 

9 ft 

Wft 

CAE 

7 ft 

rv 

Ccmdej 

5 

5 

C’BC 

33 ' r 

33 

Cansdlon Podflc 

21 ft 

21 ft 

Can Pccker», 

12 ft 

12 ft 

Ccn Tire A 

17 ft 

17 'Y 

Cantor 

O 

41 ft 


5 

5 

CCL ina B 

10 »+ 

10 ft 

Zlneole* 

JJH 

7 ft 

Cominca 

5 Oft 

201 + 


llt'r 23 > 9 >MoyM X 09 H 11 J 109 309 ft -ftOOft 74 J 9 jjrS 

109 V, 141 Jui 94 10 V 111 ft IHtk M 9 ft +WWA tte* 

1 Wh 2 40 '*: Sep 96 189 ft 191 ft 209 189 ft-OOn 4 1 BAC & 1 T |flMn+S 497 * 

2AT> 136 ft Dec** 170 172 149 14 *ft- 800 ft 34913 W 

176 23 T 6 M »95 175 ft 177 Vi 175 ft 275 ft-aa»ft 1.901 “" i0Ben “ 1WDI ** 

179 l 76 ftMoy 95 180 180 ft 179 179 190 

179 l 7 *ftJlri 9 S 179 200 279 129 276 — — — “ 

Dec 95 237 ZJTVi 157 157 ft *OOOft 6 

Est. ides SiflOO MortsHUs 541*1 Israelis 

Alton's open M 33 TOT 5 up 520 _ 

SOYBEANS (COOT) HI GRADE CDPP 8 R (HCMIO 

SJNObumMrnum-doiiaspwburtiei 25 Loao 8 a.-cw 4 sperto. 

734 SJtVkJenM A 97 ft 7 .« 0 ft 697 AHft— AJVft 9 JS 5 M 4 JD 7255 Jm 94 7845 7940 

73 * L 0 H»Mar 9 * 708 ft 7.13 701 701 -007 <2456 W 7 J 0 7308 MarM 7905 WOO 

731 592 ft MOV 94 7 . 11 ft 7.17 705 ft 704 -00716 31362 »30 7430 Apr W 79 JB 7935 

730 59 *'AJU 194 1 . 12 ft 7 . 17 ft 707 707 ft - 306 A *Lai WL 20 714 flMav 94 79 M M 30 

73 5 420 Aug *4 7 JM 7.15 701 Vi 7 JIH 6 - 4 UB 4890 8930 74 TO Jm 94 8120 7938 


12145 —845 415 I SparRS**-! PoWeauato 140001 


12145 -039 
12235 —845 


677 ft 6.17 5 ep 94 0 . 76 ft 631 ft 476 677 —OOBft 2324 10 X 95 


HI GRADE CDPPR (NCMtO 
2 SOODbL- cents per to. 

10640 7155 Jm 94 7845 79 * 7 B 6 S 7940 -030 M 27 

K 7 JD 7309 Mar 94 7925 7730 7875 7905 -440 4 L 99 Z 

0920 7430 Apr 04 7930 7*35 7*30 S 0 JH -030 721 

M 220 7 X 40 May 94 7*38 1830 7*25 BL 25 -033 7,974 

8930 7410 Jen 94 8120 7938 7900 0035 -tm EM 


737 ft LSftktov** 631 637 ft 451 43 SVk *031 ft 11274 KUO 

637 ft 418 ftJon 9 S 43 * 632 ft 638 439 *00116 £16 10130 

M 0 442 Mar 9 S M 3 467 463 633 ft HX 01 ft 75 8830 

442 442 ft J 16 95 465 636 465 635 ‘003 128 9900 

630 ft L 81 ftNov 95 427 421 427 628 ft *032 325 8850 

Ext soles 74000 htoirs. sates 44318 
Man'seoenlre I 7 L 7 I 5 w ass? 

SOYBEAN MEAL [CBOTI 
100 Ions- doHm per kn 


Cs-twesf Exw 20 »a 
Denison Min B 625 
Dickenson Min a 7 V. 
Dofcsco 23 V. 

Sylec A IA 5 

Echo Bey Mines 1 * 
Easily Silver A 1.14 
FCA Inti 170 

Fed Ind A S >8 


20 »a 21 ft 
625 025 


La | J 39 J 0 1 8460 Jm 94 miO 20330 2 D &90 31123 —120 9,956 BXK 

I 2 D 3 D IlSJflAAor** 20170 20330 20030 2 DIJU — 1.09 39700 B 3 L 30 


I? * 7 “ 27730 1 6520 Mar 94 20170 20 X 50 20030 201.00 — 1.09 89700 BUD 77 75 Nov « 8150 I 

?2 | 23200 I 8 S 30 AAOV 94 2 D 2 J 0 23370 20130 30130 -070 14237 EsLMtes 8000 A lafLUte* 

to 57 W ' WOO 793203494 20 U 0 20430 20230 2 DU 0 —030 12357 Men's PoenW 44*91 no BIB 

1 si ISC ! 22330 19150 Aua 94 30220 203 . V 0 10170 20130 -870 5798 SELVBR (NCMX) 

370 jao ! 7,(UB 19 X 60 Sep 94 20030 20130 20030 20070 1547 5300 eev or.- cents per fray oz_ 

Sft S'* 


mss 7420 JUI 94 HUB 8030 79 J 0 HAS -030 MS 

KUO 74 M Sep 94 0070 SUB 8070 81.15 - 03 S 3397 

10130 7575 Dec 94 8 U 0 0130 SUM BJS — 0 J 0 1231 

0 B 5 D 7690 Jon 95 82.15 -820 

9970 »JflFeb*S 79 JB 7970 7900 7970 -430 ITU 

B &50 BZJVIUor 95 BU 0 8130 SI JO S 23 Q —420 807 

BUB 7435 May « suo elbo blbo 1230 —420 ZW 

*430 7 X 00 Jut 95 8330 SUB 8320 SUO -020 147 

86 BI 7370 Ana 95 0030 -OJO 388 

8400 79 . 10 Sen W 8145 KL 45 8145 8370 -420 S 3 

Bin 74200095 S 1 J 0 SLB 0 6130 1 IJ 5 -025 

BUO 77 75 Nov 95 8130 030 BUO 8145 -425 m 

EA sates 4000 Atartkte uo* 


03205 ILSUOMcrM 83708 . USDS 42700 USDS r 34724*05 - 
(LCm OJOTJdtW 0508 45704 . 4508 45703 +23 5490 

04065 03861 Sep 94 45807 *28 192 - 

Dec 74 .. <L 5 ffi 2 - 

Est sates 34755 Mon's, sates 39332 • 

Mon's open k* nuo op 12)47 

japamseyen kmm 

i — 

4 nW 4 SL 008932 Jun 94 4 OO 8 MHLOOM 9 JIIII 892 B 0 OB 9 S 6 -7 3 JB 4 

MOO£lfiflB 9 e 8 Sep 96 UO 8942 O 3 im 3 Xm 9420 dOOO 986 -8 T 9 J . 

Est sates 27799 Mars’s, sates 1 S. 9 ZT 

Mart (toon tot km «7 up 4 B 28 

SWBS FRANC (CMEXI 

leerftmc-lpiHtf moats sunn 

07193 04580 A 6 OT-M 06 M 6 047*4 44600 83730 +44 48 JP 6 , 

.07470 069*0 Jun 9 * 46735 4*742 46700 06726 *44 308 

47 D 00 48800 Sip 94 46738 *44 » " 

Ext sates 223*0 Alton's, tdas 1 M» 

Man's OTOn lot 44414 up TUO 


Industrials 


J :.« s ; 


20600 naJKOa** leoai m.u ismo hbto 


5 it 535 ! 

265 163 I 

zez XT’ j 


Nmndv PaseUcn XAJ La 3 I SlflJ-SS R ** 


OCT Pesources 
Santas X 4 T 

TNT ».*4 

■Western Mining 7.17 

wasrpocBanktna *!£ 

vjaaasioe +3 


1 . 8 E 1491 
XT 1 S 4 
1.04 739 t 

7.17 7 ” 1 

is «l 


ReJcher Owl A ! 9 ft Oft 
FPi JJO Jft 

Gentr- a <5 043 

SoktCora aft 9 ft 

Gu'.l cca Res «5 01 
7 -ees inf! lift 15 ft 

Hemte Gid Mines T 5 ft 14 ft 


HciL-ruer 
Hsftham 
Hudsons Bay 
Inxrscs 


^rwar :2inM \ 


Tokyo 


Akai Electr C5 «o 

Asani Otemlcai Ji: sx 

Asatu Girai 1070 1C62 

Bank of Tokyo 1*80 I4T3 

Bridgestone RW l» 

Canon 157 r 7 M 

Casio 1090 iCeC 

Del Nipper Prm: 1-KK '5*0 

Dalwa House IflO 1 E 3 


U-» IK, 
TS-k 19 ft I 
39 ft 39 ft : 
* 5 ft 401 V 
35 ft 35 -ft 
331 - 32 k 
20 ft 197 s , 
32 ft Eft I 
23 2 Z!a ! 
lift lift • 
63 ft » 5 -i j 
M't 24 ft 
Sis Jft 


J»J 0 460 Dec 94 196 J 0 198.50 19650 177.90 *470 UHQ 5148 

29 X 00 l 9 L 00 Jan 9 S 17750 WJO 197 J 0 T 9750 <020 SS HU 

Es». sates 14008 MenASafes 14487 SHL 5 

Ntorrsopws rtl 87.731 <yt 346 54 M 

SOYBETANOa. (COOT) 5*15 

64000 tot- dotlan per 100*1 520 

2900 209 CJgn 94 2958 3.73 29 T 0 V» -426 7 J 36 5400 


107 D ! -V— ffc K ?5 8 ’i fr 

iiS S iYLzsljecn Hunter 12 Va 12* 

mu i=sc I 3, S 

isir iw Noma ind a . , 

ICto lEof I NsrahM'.'K 26 ft S 5 r k 

i«c 'vb t.sr 5 rda_ Fwes: ir 15 


290 D 249 CJan 94 3958 3.73 »J 0 324 -UJ 6 7 J 36 5400 4 O 10 Jm 95 

3 J 0 n.UMarW 35 S 374 3.13 3.18 —046 47 JT 7 1720 4165 MOT 95 

»J 5 71 JO May 9 J 29 . 1 * 29 JJ 2 U 0 2 X 81 —037 17,70 58*0 4160 May W 

370 7>55 Jut 9 * aua 2880 2 X 70 2 X 40 -029 Q 388 5950 42 X 0 JdI 9 S 5520 S 5 U ; 

73.12 71 A 5 AUV 94 2 X 03 2 X 35 2778 2778 —033 4741 5 X 10 49 X 0 Sip 93 

27.15 22 X 1 Sep 94 2735 2740 2 X 9 S 2675 -020 ITS Dec 95 

2 X 35 22.100094 2 X 25 2 X 45 2195 3 X 00 -025 MSB EAeoteS 1 X 000 MasV sates 22003 

2 X 67 090 DOC 94 2566 2570 2440 25*3 -831 1731 AMStamaiilrt 119640 UP 3 M 

2 X 35 ZTASjanTS 23 X 5 2£45 2 X 20 tSJO -41 5 6 * «_*T 2 «JM (NM 8 R) 

ESI. sales 22 J» Morrx sates » 0*7 » troy ax-daBaroMr troy k 

Mon's open irf 100140 up 214 42700 33 X 00 JOT M 39650 399 JB 8 


Livestock 


8 ^ s ra£S e 


Frankfurt 

AEG 

AUton* Hold 
Altana 
Asko 
BASF 
Sever 

Bay. Hypo bonk 
Boy Vereinsbk 
BBC 

BMF Bosk 
BMW 
Commerzbank 777 

Continental 7 

Daimler Benz 849 

Deausso * 

Dt Babcock 25 V 

Deutsche Bmsk 
Douglas 
Dresdner Ban* 
Fewmueiste . „ 



Bar lam 

Brwuar 

Buffets 

De Beers 

Drtetonleln 

Gancor 

GFSA 

Harmony 

Hlghsreld Steel 

Kloof 

NadbankGrp 

Bondto i w elw 

Rusnlat 
SA Brews 
SI Helena 
Sqjol 

Welkom 

Western Cteeo 


9350 9350 
235 ZP I BBV 


Madrid 


235 2 Z 3 BBV 31 S 5 3250 Ana 

56.75 5550 BC 3 Central Hls», 3200 3380 Sao Paulo 

13 12 ^ Banco Santander 6600 6480 Banco do Brcol 

53 53 Banesto N.T. 1900 SnnT-i!j 7 

loe iru vs r.FPSA 9 «s "mi Er^Err. 


53 53 Bones to 

10010450 CEPSA 
5875 5575 Oraoados 
9 870 Enaesa 
114 105 Ercros 
25 NJL Iberdrola r 


CAC *6 Mdee : 2274J4 Full Photo 

Prasrfogs : 2299-S6 PuiltSd 

Hitachi 

1 Hitocfil Cobte 

* Honda 

^ m Sao Paulo \^°°° 

S 9 gsas 6 ™ 11 iwrr 

1 * 2 ; Braoesco 9600 9250 Kdnwl Power 

IfXl Brahma 77000 77000 Kowoso*! Steel 

““ “2 Poranopcmotna 41 OT «W 0 Klrtn Brewery 


Daiwa House ' 7 ft? J lJ 2 Tf£? 

Dal wo Securities I 2 S 3 -- 2 K j 

Forme r«C ME SSCLS?™ 

Full Bar* :wc 1*90 I a 


r«c ME 

XsJ Si* 1 g-g^ftome 
£ raj 

,cig Rsnrocir 

iijft PnsaHsar.ee 
a- -i 3 | gcc+ft b 

AI 7 Ins I Potrenens 
JU «2 tesvei Bonn Ccn 
-E. Saesrre Res 
=u si" I hck» 

itj? mt i Seogrwn 

i £ j 


17 16.25 Potfsol 448 S Sd 

58 5275 Tobocolnra 3995 4 C 

27 2850 Telefonica 1*15 15 

2 S 3 

65 4650 

5150 ’* 4 $ Milan 


inf? imS Petrebros 
! 2 If I 52 J Tetebras 


3 *« ton tSZf * 3 '*** 
1915 WW . . 


40000 38100 Komotsa 
H 570 110*0 Kubota 
jOOOO 28400 Krocerc_ 


Mi* CATTLE fCMQD oSLd'^KaAXJ 1 '’''' “ 

c TX^^'jSofS** 72.45 T 2 JB 73 J 0 7257 22712 "w affSST *”’ 1 

,f= *2 8275 7 X 20 Air 91 ZSJS 7 X 40 7472 7522 » 3 ff ifijS “££"2 

-■ Jfj ? 4 J? TITS JOT 94 7355 7357 7 X 47 7162 *005 13^0 “S ™2 2 H 

370 155 "X 25 7070 Aua 94 7 X 60 7255 7251 7 X 52 +002 7509 SS™" 

¥2 2?* -125 71 . 2700 « 2 -» 7270 1150 USt 3798 S /3 «OB 

" + TX 9 C 7135 0 (C 94 73 JS 7 US 7130 7 JJS 71 * SiSAnaM 4017 

1.14 1 ft ’ItS 7300 F*S 9 S 7305 7 X 15 7 X 05 7 X 10 *008 36 

100 ft 102 ft S 90 OO fas.* ceres Per is SiS Jij 

2 * 28 ft 8690 79 . 90 JOT 94 SXSS 8277 1 X 40 8172 +X 15 14 U 2*2 4,, ' < 

’S BSJS 79 52 MOT M 80 X 5 0055 KL 15 8047 +O 0 J X Ml 

9 ft 9 ft BSJ 0 7970 ACT 94 77 J S nJ5 ’ nS0 ”■» -AD 2022 SI'S S 55 S 5 mi 

»!• % 8*40 ?» 05 A 4 ay « nss *955 7952 7940 -AI 3 1081 S^ 4 ’fSST^!SS 

its 43 *U» 77 A 54 irB 94 8045 SLSO 8825 8047 +005 I.U 6 SJSSJ«is.* 2 S 

32 " 8150 7950 Sep 94 7950 BL 00 7*75 7977 + 0.17 148 119460 UP 

' & ,S ZT. I « 0 O 77 45 Nov 94 7940 6005 7900 8005 .X 20 37 

.Si; I 8077 79 JOOCF 9 S 7950 2975 79 J 0 7971 +830 111 

'i 4 Iii? Est.scAes 1091 Mm’s, sales 1545 „ 


jesrx Can 
Shall Can 
Sher+itt Goraan 
SML Srstemnse 


NJL 59000 AtatouEl^ jSg :*??j SS.™ 

: 40054 1 ?*. -tlr Soar ten 


^ * nzi 


_ . Abbev Narr 
Si Allied Lyons 

4 *i « Ariowigams 

nwm,* 3 » 330 |^gy|| GnxJC 

FKraopHoeseft 1 JX 50 15 B fl= ; Bril Foods 

L “— XI3 3 JD AA 5 

638 660 BAe 

1233 1200 Bosk S co tl an d 

Hoeassi 3100 a?a »?davs 

1075 1045 nn« 

ZK 239 HAT 
380 VS BET 

SWM IQ BOC Grouo 
5*0 530 goon 
KH 0 na».J 5 Bowoter 


■ oiio ^ Milan 

nOeoc 712 303 Banco Comm 

ilte kMtek : SHU Itostool 
■s : 4009 JO Benetton group 

CIB 

Crrd l tal 

. , Emchem 

London F#r*m 

5 -U FtaTsPA® 


Henkel 

HocMlel 

Hoeosst 

HatzmoTto 

Horten 

IWKA 

KOltStUZ 

Karstadt 

Xaufnol 

KHD 


509 5.11 

Hg Flitmecconica 

50 * 503 

snJs inv Itdtcem 

’JS ’S-S I Ww»... 


Singapore 

So Cereops 8 7 JC 

_,2 City Dt*. X 40 050 

■‘{IH DBS 1240 1240 

its Fraser Neove 1820 HLJO 
~gi Gem ing 2250 2250 

Golden HopePi 3 ra 339 
'SI how Par 302 194 

jJJS Hume Industries 535 SOT 
TSX IndicoDe 60 S X 10 


Mitsubishi Bk TftJr 

Mitsuoftlsl Kasai *41 44 

Mitsubishi Elec Su xu 

Mitsubishi Her A 1 S 

Mlrsuhlsni Cora 1 C 4 C 


2 * 28 ft 
tTft 12 ft 
9 ft 9 ft 
251 * 36 ft 
9 ft 9 ft 
17 ft 3 ft 
10ft 10ft 
10 9 ft 
ir* i?ft 


tSL £ l ° 5i>CC8 '!£ i Mt^rsa+nrt II. 9 C 3 uo 2*3 


xltoman Energ 2 *i» 


| MOSS KMSO 
' ALOOO lbs.- eertfs off to. 


COTTON 1 (NOW 
330 Q 9 Bar arts mrb. 

687 * SSJUMarM 6703 6700 6550 6 X 88 -088 27021 

6940 5747 May 94 6845 6 B 0 D 67.17 67 J> -079 WJB 

*955 JULUN 6900 6 M 8 6700 6880 -041 AST* 

. BJt 9510094 MM 67 J 8 6 X 31 6 X 63 -041 KB 

2047 1 5000 My ol- amis oerlroyBL 6 X 90 948 D«C 96 . 6 X 18 6 X 35 6640 4577 -009 3581 

,020 1.10 5460 3165 Jm M 5300 -20 11 6700 atorK 6 X 7 S -035 

‘ * 5160 4650 ft* 94 S 2 L 5 -20 -1 6000 6 * 00 MnyW 6775 -038 

55 X 5 3660 Mar 94 527 J 5290 5210 53 X 0 -20 75492 Est. sates 7400 Moa'Aialn 5 JB 4 

ms OTAMayW 5374 5330 M 5 SU -20 KLM M o nftopmtef SUB op 1165 

5650 3715 Jut 94 5360 52*0 5275 5»7 —20 WJ 89 HEATMCOR. (NMER) 

5615 37 L 53 OTM XIV 0 SB 4 5120 5 JU — U 5 .M 9 4 X 000 aaLOMs Per get 

5720 38 O 0 DK 9 * 5420 54 S 0 5370 5 K 5 -20 U 70 6205 - 412 SJan 9 l 5 L 25 SITS SITS 5050 +070 .. 

5400 MIA Jan 95 5394 -20 6200 4 X 60 lftbH 4575 4 X 20 4470 4 X 03 + 0 JZ 5 UK 

1720 41 X 5 Mar 95 54 U -20 STOt- 6050 4 X 73 MOT 94 4500 45 JB *450 4570 +050 30 . 7 ft 

58*0 4160 Moy 95 5*84 +U 5875 4170 Asr 9 * 4 X 90 4548 4445 45 J 0 +433 20410 

5950 Stall Jai 93 5520 5510 55 X 6 55 X 9 -20 5740 4 X 58 May 94 4400 4 X 15 4*05 *U 5 *0002134 

55010 49 X 0 S«l 91 5574 —20 5 U» 4 X 65 JmM 4405 4 XK 4*65 <000 + 0051 X 575 

Doc 91 5647 -30 5700 4450 JOT 9 * 4540 4575 4 U 0 4 X 55 + 420 12467 , 

EABte U 0 OO Malta, rates 22003 SUB * 573 Aug 94 46 J 0 4 X 50 46 .K 4 X 75 +410 A 3 U 

MonftOMnlrt 1194*0 UP 3 M 57.17 4 X 7 SS 0 P 98 47 J 5 473 < 7.15 4715 +038 MB' 

PLATMM CNMERI 5 733 WMOtSM MSI 480 ) 4435 4620 +SJ 0 ISM 

50 tray oft- doBors par kweK 5430 <680 Nov 94 4935 4945 4935 A IS *020 1079 . 

42708 33 X 06 Jed 94 396 JB 399 JB 89700 399.20 +240 t,B 4 5900 4900 Dec 94 5000 3075 5000 S 0 .M +030 304 . 

42848 33500 Apr 94 40 X 00 40308 40000 *8230 + 230 17 J 09 5475 510 OFOT 95 5050 +021 

42800 29000094 40400 40500 40140 4 B 3 JD + 2 TB 2012 57 JO SOTS MOT 95 5073 SOTS 5075 4975 +030 ' ■' - 

40*00 36400 OCt M 40*00 +U 0 224 5 X 00 4940 Apr 95 50 TB 5 UD 5430 4900 +020 

40000 37 * 00 JOT 95 40 X 20 +220 OS - 5 U 0 +75 May 95 • • 4475 +430 - 

EsLMtes NJL Men's. sates 4 J 73 5100 * 70 Jim 95 *75 + 4 * 1 

Mot's open kd 2170 * ui 02 * EB. soles HA. Mon's.ntes 31,90 

SOLO INCMX} Mon's open ke 101,174 off 42 S 

laotfayoz^aOTmpptraroL LHmnwro CRUDE Mi ni 

392 J 0 36150 Jm 94 394 W +M 0 70 t»t*L-doOersper bbL 

41 X 70 2 HOTROTM 2 M 40 39*08 7 KB 39 XW +a« 9 X 656 MX UttFebM (XSS 1*72 I 43 * 1407 .a 1 T«A 7 S 

19 X 00 3930 DMOT 94 39 X 30 30 X 30 30 X 30 38 X 00 +040 9 31.10 14 JBMOT 94 1 X 07 1500 M 0 4 OT +a aUOTI 

41 A 5 B maJAprt* 394 A 0 39900 39440 397.18 +040 1 X 951 2408 1 X 60 Apr 94 l&U IXta ugg liis teHMK.- 

*1770 31740 Jun 94 40080 40100 37840 39700 »COT 72 OT 0 7008 U 01 Moy 94 1575 1 X 54 1537 SS + 40 * 538 

41 X 00 3 * 1 40 Aug « 48 L 20 40170 4(078 40100 +000 5065 2105 U 7 RJun 94 1570 1579 1 X 54 1577 +flS»jS 

*1700 3 * 400009 * 40.10 +UOT X 7 S 7 2470 I& 5 AJM 94 1594 1 X 99 1539 Un lojPITJR 

42 X 50 34 X 00 Dec 91 40770 40740 40458 40 X 20 + 04012 , 1)0 2070 I 57 BAug 94 16.13 16.13 SS UT 1 * 1 OTTlS 

4000 SHOT fth 95 40900 4000 40900 MBSU + 0*0 l.QB 2871 UJn 5 mM U 3 IU liU UA taOtUJM 

41700 36 * 50 Apr 95 40900 OT 9 J 0 OT 900 40900 + 000 2073 l& 320 aM 1*05 IxS Ujg iTS tSS Tfn 

42050 36 ) TO 0 M 95 41100 41100 41100 41270 +000 2009 160 SNav 94 674 to 06 +DX 

3*030 38 tLBAua 95 41 X 80 +000 2030 1 X 55 DPC 94 1674 1473 1*74 K 90 +flSlMW 

41100 410700095 41700 +000 17.12 IX^JOTto 1 X 97 nJB UJ 7 sta! Iq« 

41870 4 K 70 DeceS 42000 42000 47 MD 42030 +040 2707 190 D WJtFM>S 5 T 70 S 1TSS ! 7 M T 7 LR -jSSr'tSt 

Ert.sOTte 3 X 000 Mm'L«te... 3 X **4 BU* tlfiJSto 177 * 17 S Hi* {yjS 2$ SW 

17J * nJH W -“ 1700 * 002 . 

1973 I 77 QMay 95 gn ,aJH £82 

?52 H -5 * 7 - SD t 70 B njo +U 1 18014 

- . . I 1700 I 7 J 0 JUI 9 S 1707 1757 1 X 57 77 jO +a«I 

Financial 1 1154 17735*093 1779 17 jo »ti «« ,«o 


1 ASMOT 9 I 1*87 1550 1407 1*97 + an 4602 ] 

1408 Apr 94 1 X 15 1 U 6 1*38 1535 ' +009 J 9 J 9 S 

1501 May 94 1575 1 X 58 1537 1551 +O.Q* 270*7 

1 X 30 Am 94 15 JD 1379 1 X 54 1577 +O 073 *ZQ 

I& 36 JM 94 1551 1 X 99 1579 U 0 I + 4 L 87 T 70 R 


Mitsui 01 X 1 Co 
wnukosra 
Mitsumi 
NEC 

NGK insulators 


3 E , 

??« ass 1 

79 C 794 I 


Thomsen Corp 
"srerr'o Dsrnr. 
TOtaW B 
7 — real to U+ll 
T rcnsC«Jo Pipe 
Truer. Flrsl A 


11 ■■ M « ■■U >■ IfQUWvi — r ■ ’* _ —1 t 1 - 1 - ]Cx i n. 

I 5 S 52 Nlkka Securities 1ZK 1399 f iw ow 

ntooon Ktagaku 847 552 j I'-nSSf -t,., .-.. n S S « 

^ NlooanOsi si 3 * 5 *! - f -35 133 

*« fS Nlttpon Steel .... 


nvZ zr, « * 000 tos.- eertfs oer lb. UST.BU 0 (CMEn 

16 ft 14 'i | 2.-3 «L? 0 FebW 4 SJB *XW 4 X 25 4 SJ 7 +04311039 llmBEton+mariOOpd. 

21 ft 21 ft 4»95 3957 Apr *1 £00 4370 4605 47 JO +B 05 4 JB 1 96.90 9 X 11 Mot 9 * 9674 9*77 9*74 9 X 2 * 

23 ft 24 air +055 saj 9*74 yxisjunv* 9 * 4 * 9 M 7 9 * 4 * 9 x 4 * 

i 5 'i 15 ft j 4SXMW a is ajo sun * 04 s uos 9 x 0 * «uks«m 9 x 20 9 xa 9 x 1 s 9 x 19 

19 ft 20 ft I Si n 46 J 5 AUOM Pffl 5103 5095 51 OT +803 L 5 » Dec 94 9 S 0 

355 155 ■ 4 BOT < 300 Od M 400 4875 400 4 X 30 +000 745 EltSda 33 * Mm's.suMS 1 JH 6 

15 ft 15 ft J * 97 S 


9 X 76 9 X 15 Jun 9 * 940 * 9 X 47 9 X 4 * 9 X 46 

9604 HJHStoN 9 X 20 9 X 20 9 X 18 9 X 19 

Dec 94 9506 

Btsote 3334 Moo's, sates IJD 06 


0520 

5074 

4*1 

+001 3 


1.09 DM I S*JS 
OSS 075 I CTO 


4 X 3 ) Dee to 477 49.10 4 X 90 40.95 +XI 5 406 I MOTtaMwnM 2304 ip 301 


4463 “ HI nicoOT rGicr 

1525 12 S 113 a N,WQ,1 

3 ~S 0 r«H! 'Jg 'i* Ncmurcsee 


tiSS KL Kepone ntt 

limn Lum Clsang 2.14 2.13 Si' 

'em Malayan Banko 21.70 10.90 SjSv? 

jSS DCBC 1570 1 XTD 

S OUB 8.70 830 


1320 1130 
470 *08 


*18 *12 

230 27 * 


itaimodlUare 

Madtebanco 

MontedHan 

Olivetti 

Pirelli 

RAX 

Rtncneenfe 


'U tso 

1225 

SiKa -* 40 = 


Klaecfener wene 107 . 90107 ^ I bp 


Brtl Alnran 
17*50 177 BNfGaS 

* 09304170 - Brft Sleet 
. 4 JJ 42250 BrifTetecam 
267 J 0 W 9 BTH 
3840 37 JS CaWe Wire 
750 780 Cadbury Sch 

45150 4 * Cwodon 
71 B 215 J 0 Cook Vlyefla 
51 9 JO 529 comm union 
338 XS CaurlavKH 
1103 1 U 0 ECC Group 
799 394 Enterprise CM) 

7947079*50 Eurotunnel 
27 B 277 J 0 FUons 
300 315 Porte 

52*50 5 M GtC 

33833 X 50 Genl Aec 


52 Solpgm 

f ii San PaoJa Torino 

5+1 SIP 

iSn 5ME 

s 2 Snto 
JS Standa 
Stat 

Toro Assl RHp 


» SIT 0 

28190 Dart ” r 
"* l^reLand 

'SJS 5 tofi SframslTlp 
'll* Tii'imMfi 


tf - 6 iftin Olymssn Optical 1 K 0 IWC ! 

km S Pioneer ire; a- ; 

Srn P«h rr 717 

IS Soti+o E ire e-s 4 Ci 

i*S ifS S*’ 0 ™ 'S« :S 2 ^ 

144 9 'H 2 SNiwcu eC 2 U! J 

.9 5 " SMlWKs, Ctem 111 ? 1155 . 

^ Sen. se:- n«! 

T- 2 | Sumitomo Bk 

*5 i«m Sumitomo Chem 

“g '*S iwl .Vlarlnr 


Zurich 

JCis inti B J 15 id* 


4 TJJ 4 OTFeC *5 49 *S 4 *JS 494 OUO ,*|] 7 S 

CTO 409 OAOTK 430 +U 0 2 

Es! v*n *143 Man's. Hies 5350 

Man's ftwnvsi 287*5 UP 114 

PCRKBELUBS (OHBR) 

cLOCC lbs.- crrfiDCT lb. 

6)13 JJISFodM SLOT 5 XTS «w S 60 S —072 5 Jk 4 

6890 3800 MOT 94 V 79 5740 5 X 20 5 X 40 -002 I 0 N 


SYR. TREASURY KSOT) , 

5100000 prtn* Pt» L Ends of >00 DCt <070 

IO^ 310 -R Mot 94 T 10-18 1 M-& IW -13 I 10 -B> 065 201,195 £“ 
115+08 109-25 JOT 94 109-27 109-34 W 9 - 2 * 109 - 385 + OB ijS ‘ **“ 
EsL rates 42700 Monta. sates B 747 ^ 

Malta apaiM mw up 4676 
KYR. TREASURY (CBOTI 
UOXOOOprti-pteftXhdsofWpct 


S 2 IHS-f* 1 ! "•*» *W 9 W 01 + 08717*0 

22 “- n 'xa 1631 +O 07 TU 3 I 

25 1 X 28 1 X 74 u .18 WOT + 00 X 1*204 

22 22 °"? K 0 J 1*05 1679 1638 + 0 J 6 MU - 

22 2 S! 5 rW 1 X 74 +006 SkOX.. 

55 IXSSDoeto 1474 1*73 1*74 M 36 + 00 * 1 T 0 »- 

25 JfSSS 1705 >XS 7 1704 +O 05 67 M 

5"5 UJa 1Tas l7 - 15 17 .W "+& 8 f um . 

2 ^ Ji-TA 1770 17 . 1 * T 73 T +AOI 4715 - 

22 ,7J * nj * W ^» 1700 rOX. 

W 73 I 77 QMay TS 17 +a +QJH 2707 

?52 5515 ? H -2 H-® 1708 17.58 +M 1 MJW 

1700 I 7 J 0 JUI 9 S 1707 1757 ti ST na »ul 

22 22212 52 nj0 tS» „ 

M M . 1735 Dec 95 1000 1807 TUB K 14 .11734 - 

gLratex na Mao’* scries 78075 
«*aitaapmetf 4173*4 up 5147 

wgoatoMouK mao 

42000 oo»- cents pot ad 

DM 3 XX 8 Peb 94 4 B 0 S 42 JD 4030 OTIW +633 OJSt • 

S 7 M 4 X 46 Mar 94 410 4370 4 L 95 nm tUlJUIt', 

COT 4405 Apr 94 4 X 80 4 XSD SS SS It****' - 

22 9 *M«loyto 4*08 4770 4 X 90 47.19 +OtfJXgg-, 

22 *XWJot 94 4770 4770 Men 4774 +032 X 25 >- 

22 152 JU * M CJB 47 - 3D MJ 5 + 1 * 

£2 222 ?. w ** vja «s *« : ~ ‘=- 

MM 4630 Sep 94 m75 ♦**:.- . V 

BJritales NA Mart, rata L5.9S* iV- y. % 

MaYsaemW 13*399 ad i** - - -L 


ll-^' 
ii ; ! .v 

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Sv.Sii ■ 

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i 

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5 e;: £j’? 
■’« :»55 


r'+J+i J . I-S, I ■ III | 

Irs'erfliieauft! 3 SSO XX I 


10510 snore Press 1500 1 X 50 w 

5 S 8 IMHISS!’ iS sSSK mmoi 

I 75 D |S*T£ JrS 4 i 2 T °* 4 et Cora 

JM* SSS KTroa,nB TrishoMor/ne 

51406 ’12 U -2 TakedBCnem 

4430 UDL 247 204 T q K 

29750 Strom Time* tad : M 7130 T«l|,n 

Prevteut: SWIM ! TDkvaMerine 


leimaii 8 

183 

9 X 3 1 

LSta'i G»r ft 

TJS 

920 > 

Lev H'd B 

735 

735 I 

■VoeverBick B 

447 

446 I 

Nestte P. 

12*1 

11*1 ; 


Stock Indexes 

*2 46 X 00 46705 46 X 25 SffM + 1 ^ 1*5 

222 Junto 46*55 466.90 46 X 35 «X 65 +U 8 V® 

1 44M0 woo «m ♦« 

; »«. «« «■ * u "f 


*90 *87 

403 402 


Stockholm 


lk Belt Canada 
272 Bombardier B 
XC com Wcr 
7.11 Cascade* 


81 


AGA 

412 

406 

28 ^ 

27 ft 

ASM A 

597 

600 

27 ft 

77 ft 

Astra A 

m 

195 

43 ft 

42 ft 

Atl« COPCO 

417 

415 

20 ft 

20 ft 

Electrgjm B 

297 

23 S 

20 ft 

20 

Ericsson 

336 

3*3 

7 >i 

»ft 

Euelfe-A 

112 

105 


TDK 

TtH.n 

Tokyo Mas me 
Tokyo Elec P» 
Todooti Printato 
Torav Ind 
Toshiba 
Torcta . „ 


j-S ,’.;i Oer.ik.BuehrteR 13 U 9 

hi Ui : ftargwcMidB 1450 1460 

“jT* 'irJl K, »e f »'« 0 p C *331 *330 

-U? .fci '>a*ra PepuClic i*i !J 8 

:n-/ 1 -+- - n e*™ 


I Tort*l*>e»iJ 44 * 


— 3 . 5 ^ > ’‘OWd Peoucita 161 !J 8 

iTv! • '*rr±nz B 4 J 10 437 S 

1-4 \ Serbia irr a *0 toOQ 

iii 572 *1 5 ulwr ..? c „ 845 821 

584 S Scrvel.tareeB 1990 19*0 

i jT: ™ SuriM Bn* Corn B 4 BX 470 

tfc nS »*iBReattgrR NA — 

M SxI'IKrP ?45 7B0 

•JB 3 B _ 1367 1367 

wtnferitsw a are ess 

EjriS ; AsiS 1544 1529 

! XSKiUk 


Ea«ft 44.999 MOTlSOK > 4 J 91 

Manta onen Ini 710042 up 9488 

US TREASURY BONDS KSOT) 

rwa I 8 oct-ttoo 0 i»-pts& 33 ndjofi 0 ap<n ~ m _ ---- - 

, , 120^1 TO-OT Mor 94113-19 114-08 113- 1 1 H 4 JJ 7 + M win. , ^ JBDfto 47105 47 

COFFffiC (NC 5 EI 119-29 81-46 Junto 112-16 113-04 112-12 113-84 . jj s ?55 ® 

37 J 00 lbL- cents Per®. 110-26 90-12 Scp Mill -23 112-06 111 -U liiS + is w ' /46 «* «2 

K. 7 S 6130 Mar 94 JL» 7 JL 70 71 J 0 njs - 4 X 5 3 X 065 118-06 91-19 Dae 94 111-12 lllS JH-M SIVOT ! „ "*“2 (KYtoQ : 

taJO 633 SMOVT 4 7 X 10 74 J 0 7230 7200 -405 93 » 116-20 101-08 MOT TS ID -17 11140 1 IM 2 IILffl I so rnkteatocmh . 

< 7 JO 6430 jm 94 TWO 7500 7 LJJ 7 X »0 -430 130 115-19 96-13 Junto Kf+I| 11048 QhU K« l » S MjB «“ - 

88 50 64585*094 !X 75 77.0 7 X 00 74 TS -AM ZI 32 111 - 1 * OX*) SS 122 * J! = 

91-00 rj.lCDOCto Ttn -470 1369 113-14 106-25 Dock l£ri? ’2 « 

»50 7 x 90 Mar 75 I 9 J 0 -JM 747 Ert.Kriax 390000 Mar v sate BXI 75 ” 4 

Morn KUO -OlTS 2 MOTicwH 23*394 w U 579 

Est. SOWS 10092 Mari sates 7329 MUNICIPAL BONDS (CBOT) 

tertawN OJB 6 up H* iUHrkdBriasssnsorMM 

SUfiAR -WORLD 11 tNCSE) mammmamoa 

WOMSk.- aenfjpertk 


S JJUgMorto 25750 H 90 D 2 S 730 S 59 J 5 

H zaj0 »W 75430 25*05 +M> 

6 MontaapenM 40a up 33 .. . V‘-- 


■ 184 

LSlMcrM 

hud 

■001 

1 U 

1070 

-OT 2 47 J 1 S 

1168 

XJOMavto 

10 .»* 

10 ft 

M 01 

HUN 

—OH 34 , 1*7 

91-55 

9.1 5 Jut to 

1 ZJD 

1007 

117 ! 

1000 

-C-ll 15061 

nos 

in On *: 

1087 

100 ) 

M 70 

1076 

— 0.13 13757 


!®2 KM* 101-24 MD -08 2 X 985 

Jot to HH-K W 1 -a m , l4 r „ »«* 


BMODLLMB tOnBt) 




I 1 " -L 










^NATIONAL HERALD TWB1JNF ^NESDAY. JAWtARY 5. 1994 


Page 11 

EUROPE 




liSKaa* "w/WfE-Si. 


fF^S.- •-, - T U 9 m4M f*9 Pric*» - - r_ V 

NASDAQ prices as of 4 pm Ttaw York ttna- . £2 
■•s This Bst compiled bytfieAP.corablscif ih«1,QQ0 Tf^ 

r..i nK»stlTad^s«tffroe8intemwofdoa«rvtftje.llVti- ft, 

■"'. "' •■■ updatatrwMtea ayw. ■ — r &, 


;- - updaisa twice a: 

'■■•‘si, fuiontti • ’• Sta' 

^ HfebUM Stack. - » 

c: _ - ?». i. ■'-*•• 


5s Xtafa Lufumatn'or 


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JB TO-’ 
us if * 



n» mre w *■* I — — 

* ■? Ill ill I Eurotunnel Gets 5 

m wS 5* 53§g— •• ) D/ 

,l|||g Banks’ Approval j 
111® To Raise Funds j 

■ialssssf:-* ,*„*.****... . 

= *Jfc. BfelS 1 arsmrwftt™*" £ 

■- SaS S — y» i paths — Eiiroiunnel PLC said P?** 4 .. , .•/ Salmon. 


2j h i«3 __vi 

« Sv5K^ 


|p ||g 

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vu» 5>«5 t!S 


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Frankfurt 

BAX 

[ 243 

I 233 • 


- JP \&L 8£|g.v: ! 

- §£ 

j3» 1 2f : S''|*sw j 
, ,i?£j£ssssjfs-* 


A S O N D J 
1993 19W 


London 

PTSE 1C0!nde» 

£906 i~ 

K ~ / 

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I ihe company to meet its misrest t " n |S 1 yaiaonu 

^KaxelObuiionfraacsu^ ^™-333Sft 
come from a capital incrcjse^bc boj ■■ f di3Z ^ place, 

launched bier m the >«r. f itsdf 

meats are reac^ mpidlv ibe pusn fiaids v33 be raised, 

to raise funds from ^'rhT s&esnxzi is she latest in a 

ffiSSSS 

ii?A«7 k r: 

| S^tS^r^^onuiners in th^ fnsdgK 
' k™u mher banks. or o5 years )=«• 


1993 

Exchange 

Amsterdam 

Brus sels 

Frankfurt 

Frankfurt 

Helsinki 

Lo ndon; 

London 

Madrid 
Milan 
Parts " "" 
Stockholm 
Vienna 
Zurich 


C5S Trent!_ 
Slock IrdeK 
da>: 

~FAZ ~~ 
rtEX 


Financi^ Tunes 30 2,55 2-20 


"ft se too 

Sengralii^d'Sit 

fAB 

~CAC4L- 7~, 
Alf&ers’.’ss^acri 
Stock Index 
S3® 


SourcesTRecTersT^P 

Very briefly: 


1994 1993 19W j 

Tuesday £»’■»• 

C : ose Clow C-wngSj 

MJL MA _l, 

' 7,57 3J4'~ 7.5M-56 *0-^2 } 

“2 25156 2267 ^5 *56^ j 

^67“ 854.59 j 

1^56.38 I .S OI -OS * A -\L 1 
2^5 52 90 Z.S5S.50 -0-5D 

“^4C3u50 

224.61 327.1 5 -Q-% 

9 94.00 1.367.00 - 

2^743 4 2,290.56 -O-Ti 

1,660.91 N A . ~ _ 

~~'AagJ3~~ 483.79 *qjg . 

MJL t .02 1.65 j j 

i.-unai ■ n.l HsrsllTni'une 



= A«lKliR^I An accord^ “faDe^Si. E^otlmae! settled . Sodete Natwcak* de ^Mde francs {St. 24 billion 

" -’S K® u“7?3 due for compklioo byNoj . 3U;di.t J «*», Bcmbardier Inc- raflwav. anr.ounced j prcmior^io^ 


’-lliihrS 


«■» 35 = ’? ss; sft =§s *« 
irs» ” ^ §ii ll ®l ”3 I 


An accord baa ongma»> ^ 
due for completion by Nay. 30, but 
the deadline was extended unux 
Tuesday to allow more time for 
negotiations. . 

“Whai we have now is a irame- 


. its revenue rrespsets acu ujo^e » Frpndl CO mra2\ bardrjpic.es rose r> . ».* 

i -r. ssȣ 

i , riwi± 'i-’b Bcmbardiex Inc- railway, aar.oun^ed j p ; n i7i,.. 

r which has been bmlfing trains for for 1S93. its worst result in - - with Tata 

Trust of India report quoting Tou Cn-i. ■>— n 

would hold 51 percent. . . nl in December 


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sr* 1 «3 




f* a § 


lift 


Madrid Insists Its Takeover 
OfBanesto Was Justified 

,._ A •( «t l«A>n f«*T ihat the bar 


would hold 51 percent. h . , ne rcent in December 

• Brinda’s kev money supplv t V sro ”^f r rf [^ c >593*10 s' g percent, well 

5S SBMft* *» - 

(S29.6 million). casse neers on the cross- 

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MADRID — Facing pressure «»» « ds^ct. from 1992. ■■■, to float its mobile 

Iram shm^ders. S^neh „ v ' evidently considered . Internationale NederiamleaC^^ bccnse 

*»*BS=J— * j:— 

'“Bsm; ^SiggSWE Options for Shell, Montedison 

bank’s management Dec. 28, firing Rc o ^ ^ (x ^ a t 2«U Chimie executives were ^jv- 

Chair man Mario Coode and his Baa^- p Morgan . „ inasooiedeiMlsofhowthecreauon 

sasMsasag feS o2fV-SS£3 Sawww 
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Tuesday that although Banestos “ n « 00 debt issue in the Jean-Pierre Meunn. the JrauTnan d technological 

Morgan * Co- had lead ^^noS^Shall of SheD Chiniie, a unit trf Sbdl ^ ^ !tL p^ypropylene ^ 

^TS’tweds aS«Mtianv 1^ “gJSK^JS ■£««■** France, said ihere^s ^oo umetaWe ^ ^ wrappings and 

SHrffi p, srs, ^ of ^ 

had not given Ma- Aijores. id not ouer plan to shut sites ^ die two c^- al Shdl Oriime. aid 

STsuSi asaoances that it E^^ etlcr ^ represented a pames had world demand for polyp^ 1 ^ 

^^SKOwleof firmer comStmenrW New was growing at an annual rate of 6 

Confusion over the exact stale ot ■ received a mf- peetta, , percent 

Riinesto’s troubles has conmbuied - , he source said, such and such a sue. 

w the concern among shareholders, ferem r-^yo 


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GM and VW Have 
Their Day in Court 

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Compiled to Our Staff From Dupacha Lopez'S ability 10 slash OKU, 

PRANKFURT — Another act in particularly by 

**£i!!-2&S2Z 


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SiS5+Ea* n 7. at SvI 5 T-i“ caireuw 

spokesman for the cn 

SwSSE : « J)o I™ will include amjeanma 

£UwfSS§ b * 1 S production Aief, Jose 

aS^SESi ” S ijS mw 3® % *’ pa de Amortua, whos- 

C aL SE lspaiked the dispui 
wmwtboias ^ _ y *2 J" I management board 1 


la is 

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The IHT Pocket Diary 
Puts 1994 

Right Into Your Pocket. 

'“C3 

®®-^'?SraSS4S25 

chan, ami mam a, her u * f ‘ Jfac ') n ^dibkflat little 

book that slips easily 

into a pocket. 

The perfect gift 

for almost anyone ... 
including yourself. 

- Please allow 
three weeks for 
delivery. 

- Measures S x 13 cm i5W4 v 3 bus 

. Padd^ bla^L kJiher w «. 

■*iih sit meul «•* , 

. WecC-ai -a- glance famuL pn"^ m 
punch Hue paper wiih 
aUtdrugeedSo- , . , 

• "W4 ri*aWc dales and naiwnai 
holidays in PS er SO counma: world 
time-zro; ublc. miemauonal 

• s' i:_.« u>noc 


6? SSSRtt AG bewns Wednesday as a trial competitive environment 
fifldt ^SosTderide if seveo managers non £ «T and has cdmjwJ 
Sft +4 - SSoGM claims were poached last defended his Spanish-born produc 

Cfeil T'^SStn^suBcoun Op=l>vc «r^ 

is Si result of charges levelled by 

+T * muP« Oennan subsidiary Adam mg VW -aith misleading the I 

"S*” Opd AG that VW gained an unfair with a compan^m^ojc^ 


itef^u.MchanooMf^urt 

■^SSaSTS iness ril be » 
ca^OTWednesday, according to a would be asked ro 

* I A- A^aI ir.an.l^eTS with offers of dou- 


■ Spl'L*:* b, f„ S Se a Sber e lower court re- 


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Ho Ktt w §J> re A-.I ic nUft nursumg wnininm wm pci „ ■ 

joe? an^Scms rfind^i^espionage In other cases, VjlMinm m 

i 1 1| ; i SisxisSS j^wsssafit 

Sllfcl ^ ^ SSSKM.®? 


manaffmen t board chairman of 
VW, Ferdinand Pifich. 

Tbe trial could devdty mto a 
kmc battle. "This should last for 
SSy months," the VW attorney 
handling the case, jQrgpn Kicker, 
said. A spokesman for Opel, Bruno 
thp nroceedmas could 


ogfrom bled saianes. r . 

dbythe in December a lower c 001 }^: 
nan of jected on a technicahiy an Opel 
request for temporary nxjunoion 

into a hannina further employment of the 

last Tor seven «-GM workers in quest! ^ 1 
attorney g u i just after the decision was 
Kicker, handed down, OpePs attorney, 
L Bruno Heinz 


^^spd«man for Opel, Bruno ^ Wetteikmnp. caUJtnem; , 
Sdfert, proceedings tnuld junction proceahnes a 

be condmkd in as little as a month, ahead of the mam event beginning 
The trial is one of many legal this week. _ v _. 


De couciuueu in » — - — - — . - — — 

BvnSttegan when Mr. Lopez case in Januarvwdl havea different 

BSs— ; ssa.«rs 

Ooel is also pursuing cnminal cember decision, 
allegations of industrial In other rase 

Sa Mr. Ldpo.and mlhe Han^ 

ivina invesusaicd by nez on suspicioi 



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mttarilis in “ un "“ ^^r u ^ourtraW toD« | 
States and in Germany. which a state icoun; 

VW whidi is suffering heavy Spiegel mapnne OTild repeat j 
1 losses as Europe’s car market re- gaiions of mdustnal espion R j 
1 nmmsstnckinadeepiecKsronJus against him. fRaae n. Bloomberg) | 

pinned its tmmround hopes on ^ | 


la dividends 

49 

= QjQ^jaed from Page 9 

3* 4~w_ 1~ r>l imv hr. rail 


umc-ifl*. um.. — 

ickphoiv; dulire: codes 
and country F ,C ' ,, ^V 

• Blue ribbon pape irarkirr. 

J " • Include rcntf-nWe addrcsi 
*- hiwh . that fils inucly mio 

its Ott-D sill jvchri. 

• Ejdi dory pded w •* hlUf 5' r ‘ b0i - 

j' . Grille "d 

j , jut Jble F« deoil'- f" Knen Ch« ■» 

1 Jj- 1 ; 46 ? r Ori .VI. 

_ I 

‘ “ 1994 IHT Pocket Diaries- 5-1-94 

1_4 diaries 190 F.F . \V S.S.'3 1 each up lo5jw^ 

k5js&s?^«ss cm 

□ AddhtaBi 


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from 146 in 1992 and from the peak | francs. We regrenhat checks in od 
OjotJnaed from Page of 266 in the recession. yew of 1990. | accepted.) earth 

pcroeni warning levd may be out- in the last 'two decades , pte.se charge tn m> atdrt card L 

Sued. J have there been .fewer | Da«» u 

* nan those who followed eliminating djvtdtt)dsM987, with J _ 

ite Srtiwo? the S&P 500 104 . and 1978. with 105. J CardN" 

were seeing sevonl leducoons be- number of companies au- j J Exp. ^ 

ing made, esped^ byln^u^- ^ dividends fdljo»7^ 1993 j ^lame — 

Bu sine ss Machines Corp. . nt in 1992 and from the 1991 | - — 

ja^ui ran: from * '^ 8 a ' ^ Si £-e iht 1989 level of 85. , -— 

?, 1992 !° t ^ 0f The dividend , C^/Code 

February 1993. . ^ u, 1991, when only UN 6 . country— 

Fourteen oomp^ J ^ 1 “f companies announced increases, j Company EEC VAT ID N w 

ctrwmed mving dividends reinstai . j n _^, «nce 1971 — a year m I oun*" .. L\na*n 

cd them in December, which federal wage and price con- | 

“.T(« tKv- vear to 75. Last Hifficnltfor many * 


O Aatw 
CardN"_ 

Exp. 

Name — 

Address. 


a n 

□ eut.-JTJ OmmoCW U Vi 


Fdmiary 1993. 

Fourteen companies fha 
stoooed paying dividawls ranstat- 

Sul lor 


Cuy/Codc — 

Country 

Company EEC VAT ID N w 


SET # 


ed them m i^w***— * ,ri ac , which federal wage <aw v»« — 
total for the jear ui TS. Last ^ ted ^ n difficult for many 
month's total was dw ^{^1 fw ^p^es to raise payouts. 

35CSS ffiflS 
SsafftrBri: 


any EEC VAT ID N“ 

llcralbSSnbunc. 

futul or fax this order form io: 

Karen Dial. Special Proj^s Division. 

181 Ave Ch.-de-Caulle. 9252 1 NeuiDy Cedex. France. 
l81Axe.c.ii.-« 5| 




TT 


_ .Tuesday’s Closing 

Tables Indude the nationwide prices up to 
the dosing on Wall Street and do not reflect 
*aie trades elsewhere. Via Tho Associated Pros* 


■ III 

waiLowaodc 




m yhpg nh Hen Lowussaafse 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1994 


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Reuters 

TASHKENT. Uzbekistan —Hie former So- 
viet republic of Uzbekistan announced new 
corporate taxes on Tuesday and sharply raised 
tbe prices of some basic foods. 

President Islam A. Karimov said in a decree 
that companies based in Uzbekistan and earn- 
ing hand currency must pay 10 percent of their 
income in tax to central authorities and S per- 
cent to provincial or dty bodies. 

he also decreed that such companies must 
sell a further IS percent of their hard currency 
earnings to the central bank at an exchange rate 
yet to Be determined. 


“AU kinds of- properties and auerorises oa 
the, territory of Uzbekistan earning hard cur- 
rency must pay tax from their earnings in bant, 
currency and seQ part of their profit to the 
central bank,” said the decree, earned in '^he 
official Narodnoye Sbvo newspaper. - - 

The decree, effective immediately, said that 
companies engaging in barter trade would also 
havetopay tax m narf cuirency. .V- 
The decree did not mention companies whh 
foreign investments, which currently pay taxes 
according to a separate foreign investment law. 
A government spokesman said be didaotknow 


whether the new taxes wcflld be levied on 
foreign and joint-venture companka. 

The decree said that the taxes w ere aimed to 
buildup the nation’s hard cnnency reserves. 

In a separate decree published in Harpihiqye 
Soro, the Finance Ministry ordered aii iorea« 
in the prices of some basic foods in state-run 
shops. Meat and milk prices w^ rise 50 percent, 
while the srice of flour will more than double. 


The decree noted the government had previ- 
ous^ promised all food prices would be freed 
from controls onJan. ] but that ithaddeddedto 
“twi nwre rily protons** the subsidies. 





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HERALD TBIBLTIE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, ^ 


Page 13 

ns» a /pacific 


Hong Kong Sets 


VMflffllliH vw jj iiy u nw ** — 

HONG KONG —The booming 
sioch. market generated record vol- 
ume of 15.1 bfflibn Hoag Kong 
dollars (S1.95 bfflkm) Tuesday as 
the bhie-chip Hang Seng Index 
rose nearly 1 percent to a record. 

The market ended well below its ' 
high for the day, however, andChi- 

riese shares tra^ in Hkmg Km? 
plunged as investors worried abbot 
the effects of Beqing’s new tax and 
currency systems : - : 1 


• . _ .at, 

Bank of East Asia g 
Seeks Stakein l 
UmtedCktoe&e > > 

Bloomberg Busina* Hews _ 

HONG KONG —Bank of East , 
Asia, one of Hong Kong's largest _i 
hsted banks, said Tuesd ay it was i 
negotiating the possible purchase 
of a major stake in privately bad 
United Chinese Bank. 

- in a statement to the Hong Kong 
Stock exchange. Bank of East Asia . 
said it is tanring with trustees of the 
SJL Yee Mecfical Foundation. - 
Bank of East Asia made an un- 
successful bid for United Chinese 
li B»"k about a year ago. It may 
“ ' this time, analysts say, 

since it is seeking a smaller slake. 
United Chinese is a Jamfly-nm 
s - institution; The -owners warn to 
» 1 kero a majority ownership or rue 
' bank, said Steven Thompson, ana- 

T^aiNikkoReseaidiCeaterlAd- 

taHongKon^Mr.TVmp»<iMj 

-• . ^ expects this new. bid wfll work 
- because has s o met hin g the 
* other neetfe. -■ , 

“United Chinese has a rate or 

: depoats,’’hesaid.Ttlro*-^f 

andis active in the interbank my - 
: But it has only two or three 

> ■ Ranches - - 


. : Still, hmkos called the Hoag - 1 
Kang- pullback -a mild correction 
and predicted the index would con- 
tinue to rise, Qive Weedon, direc- 
tor erf institutional sales al Asia 
Equity, said; “The Americans and 
the Japanese remain very modi un- 
derweight in the nariiei- Thercarc 
stifl. massive funds in America." ... 

The Hang Seng index ended at 

■1231.09, op 114.69 pants, but- 
well down from its n sdmnrnmg 
jpeak of 1^5 99123. The index,-' 

. which broke through- the HfiOO. 
levd Monday for the first time, 
gained 115.CT percent in 1993. 

Foreign and local baying, bol- 
stered by confidence in the local 
real estate market, fueled the rises, 
brokers said. Utility shares ffliacd- 
a$ attention turned to a sector mat 
had underperformed. 

. TheHangKocg market is 

edtobeaOTfromitsrefccrfptovid- 

nre access to the econorac bocarnn 
rhina, analysts said, desjsteTbes- 
daYs deefinein some Chinese issues. 

the Jan. 1 change in tax po&ym | 
rwma, winch phases oat favorable 
; treatment of foreign oonrpames,jmd 
i • the floating of the yuan near a ram c 
i 33 patent bdow its former official 
rateprovided “an excuse to trice 
- - profits." some brokers said- •• - 
e The currency-market change 
y p-w« companies such as S hangh ai 
h penochorBcal and Maansbanlran 
& Steel which trade in Hong Kang, 
n can no langerget the U-S-.rlaBars 
o they need to purchase rhmamparts 

re at the dd rale of 5.80 yuan. These* 
a- c*mtrrirattisK70yuanforaiMar. 

d. . . . : (Roam, Bloomberg) 

■ Thai Stocks Set a Record 
£ Thai stodobegan the year with 

or 

* 

Bloomberg Bmdness News leport- 
edfrpniMngJcok. ; . . 


LandBoom inHongKong 

Some Say Properties Are Overvalued 

J ■ fi^cMce in Hon* Kong increased 40 percent m 

J3 billion dollars. according to □ compa- 
HONG KONG — Rocketing real-estate pnees /Torment. Real estate under development in- 

inHongKoogbave ted erased 6.02 billion doOars and unsold apanmeats 

« J2S fantasy, especially some op tflBjrarom ^ Kcara ^_ m analyst at 


Hmvrtv market is dose to bong ovemcatcu. lA _ WfW .u. onecs achieved ror uk anas 

prices that are ^ ^Kdthe low return on ogid 

entering the realms of pure investment,” said Kathleen Kesnwy. an analyst at 

of the property stocks," the re ^ rI ? Mees-Ptereou Securities l** 13 )- „ -j M 

Morgan SaaleD (Asia) Secunn»An^^ *-£&jo’s figure are a bn too 
are saying » K . “I nnsuld I 


<rf the property stoats, uk Mees-Piereon becunuo 

Mom i M«1 (Asia) M ^ 0 - s Dgurc are a bruoo 

™d. “We are saying to cHents thatjhe Keamev. “1 would not like 10 pr opens pr" 

Mmw^t-jrifimnrooHtvstxjcksisnowunfsvorabte. -..tujViasBi'dv: that is when u starts to ihreat- 
f P ^ Land (S^Ttonday that ihe of«s system.’* Olher anrivsts 

property investments in -the Sn the values the company assrgped to someofns 

m a Amblint! of its Ml tmrablc 


nded at V*°P*V JZ . ^ its net tangibte 

13 . 99 , after a & of 80 cents on Monday. 

Sr'KoL But the rise did nor impress some 

prices of the offices and the luxury res«tenuri m 
SaS valuation were very a^ve, *ud 
Dm— Qnnehouse, bead of research at Morgin 
^evfSSalTSje Sino Land rwaluation was 
a*,**. ^ K a^SSate broker. Chesterton 

. p., lu on rv 20 because of the concern s plan to 

rfSS ^iffiftbotri and restaaram interests mto a 

g TR!SSS 5 f 33 a*i^* 

cse issues. 

gg Jardine Unit Jump! 

ar a value BUxxnbcrs Businas Nm towns and 5h< 

« HONG KONG — Hongkong sdl 1 » 1 Ig®™ 

» to trice <aTV t Holdings Co.’s announce- f \ 

to- * SSI 

« &1 


^^hantoe svstem.” Olher analysis alto qvp- 

Sra the values the company assigned w someofns 

?I ^£'chan. Chesterton Pttty^ valuatioo 

rector, said its vahiauon was jusufied, adding iia 
the property values were simihar to recent sales or 
adfin g prices in ibtir respeem e building^ 
3S ^wVbelieve our valuation reflects 
ket value of Sino’s prepemes as at Oec. ^ bc 
srid. “Not all analysts would have our access to 

rhSle fundamentals of the profgty^a are 

event which would shake the 

property market,” 


M&sbeson unit is “ t— 

■^gs^affl'ftNP 

^"S}« 

joint vroture agreement wth Sim 

Pwwrties Ltd_ one of 


estate 

companies, to build 300 to 400 
apartments on a she it owns tn 
y ^rn Long in the northwest of 
Hang Kong’s New Territories. 

Etongkong Land, which owns 
v: Vnnv's too crffice 


towers and shopping eeMers. *m 
sdl SO percent of the one mflhon 
square foot (90.000 sqrmej^- 
vk) piece of agricultural land to 
Sun Hung Kai tat an undis- 
closed sum as pan of the deal. 
Michael Gram, an S.G. Warburg 
director, estimated that Hong- 
kong Land would make a profit 
oTbetween 100 rmllion and 150 
million Hong Kong dollars 
($12.8 to S19-2 million) on the 

calf* 

“Long-running investor con- 
cerns that the company is lock- 
ing for an exit from Hong Kong 
are put io one side by this, said 
KfiAad Leary, real 
lyst at l_<4iman Brothers, it re- 
flects the management's inten- 
tion to be more aggressive with 


the sorts of investments it is 
maltin g right now." 

The’dr venerating relations be- 
tween Britain and China over 
Hcng Kong's political future 
have undermined Jardine s poa- 
lion in Hong Kong as it a re- 
corded bv many as the embodi- 
ment of British colonial business 
interests in the territory. 

The speculation about Hong- 
kong Lands future in the tenito- 
rytecreased when it sold one of 
its major office towns in 1992. U 
also acquired a 25 3 percent stake 
m thetroubled British conglomer- 
aie Trafalgar House PLC m the 
last 18 months, an investment re- 

carded bv some analysts as a pos- 
able “bolt hote" if condinons gel 
too hot in Hong Kong. 


China Gives f 
Glimpse of \ 
Official 

Corruption 

j BELTING — China gave a rare ' 
look on Tuesday at hov- aecp-y 
corruption infects local govern- 
ments. saying that SS^r^Si 
300 OJO official nad been canght 

Upccning or Kisusing oubhc funds 
in just one province- 
The Xinhua news agency «- 
scribed a power ssiucase in the easi- 
er" p-oviKe of .^tnhuL where bribes, 
miazlonsn: and kickfcacks are a 

srav of life for oany o«™- . 

“gigee a province-wide ar.u-cc.r- 
ruoticc campaigP was mounted 
last Mav. Atshm has discovereo 
that cublic funds have bees misap- 
propriated to the nme mil- 
hon yuan (5143 miiaoa). thso.fi- 
cial asesev rsperted from Hefei, 
the capital o? .VihuL _ 

-The n-jmbet of officials in- 
volved in is spending of pnbhc 
feeds on the education of their o.l- 
sprinz and relatives totalea more 

than 300.00:.” r. 

yir-.hiia said some of toe cases 
dated as far back as the 1950s. an 
era generally portrayed by state 
aropaaanca as one of socialist sir- 
uie a^relT.ess official sacrifice. 

« \ Chinese journalist reached by 

tent-one in Hefd confirmed the 
' count or 300.000 offidris. saying it 
r was about one-fifth of ril .Anta 
e public senants. He said most had 
been disciplined but few prosecut- 
ec because the most common aa of 
corruption, the unsuthonzed Iffld- 
is jj,, J pubhc funds, was not lectuu- 

CeaaL "They wok advantage 

i- 0 r i'-ov loopholes to ennch tnem- 
. u ‘ * sr- . , - Iv nnol tn 


Investor’s Asia 


Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

\m 

\m~ 

i-bos— - j 

m -u* 

ssa --V-- 


Slngapore 

Straits Times 


"a”* 8 OH o s 

1993 1*9* 


aas v 

240C— ■ 1~ 

m- - 7" 

m — } ~ 

m- - -rv- - 

aw-yv 

vszf — 

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SxchanQe Index 

Hong Kong .Hang Seng 

Singapore Shaft s Tarrea 

Sydney ABOrdinar^s 

Tokyo Mtkket 

Kuala Lumpur Composite 

Bangle^ SET ^ 

Seoul Composite S' 

Taipei ^ Weighted Pn 

wianHa Composite 

Jakarta " Stock todeiT 


l Lmyu 

Nikkei 225 

2 m — **1 * 

isss — r — 

i m -Vi 

1750 W»- 

Toft" t»T 


Bangkok SET ~ 1 ' 7M - 73 _ 

Seoul Composite Stock 877 .30 

TaipeS^ Waited Pnce CtoaeT 
Ijanila Composite 3,388^ 

Jakarta Stock Index W-^- 

nzse-40 

Bombay Nationai tnoex i,i.l-S3 

Sources: Reuters. A fh 


1 ^ IMS W 

TuentiSV Prev. % 

Close dose Criange 

12,201.00 12,08 6 40 *0.95 

2 ATI .90 2. 441 .53 

2,174 JO 2.17 3.60 ^0.03 

17,36 5.74 17.417.24 -0^7 

1^13^5 1^88B5 +li0 

1,753.73 t .682.8 5 +<-21 

877.30 67932 -Q& 

Closed 6,07056 
3,30335 3,271.51 *1.13 

N Jk. 533.65 - ^ 

Closed 2.138.07 

1,711.53 1.GS6 S3 +CB7 

j'lfnsuiniJHrfsl- Tr.toif 


Very briefly; 

sstatessaBSSS 

. v«n»n n «5*St “ 

country for the fust tune, the \ regain >ews Agcr . 

. Haaio. Co^ = “m D^NaS 

textile and dydng^ts vriued « a • Review said. 

Pro\ince near Ho Chi Minh City, me S .etni. imesi, 

. aims ^ of persoi.il wapuan rc XlT 
vear. the English-language China Dany reportea 
- ... i i.miuv «« seeking u> 


selv-^ w--Jj mcnev that belongs to 
ibe public." the reporter smo. 

The largest case mvohed lbc 
misappropriatioD of 1 millioc 

yuan. 

Anhui is one of China's poorest 
orovinces and one where the gap 
between urban wealth and rural 
poverty has been growing. 


Spending Plan 


^sssessasssa 

'^sstsss^ 

3SSHBfWg-.3Hg5asafflS 

companies- ^ MCI ^ 


Japanese Executives Ofier 
Weak Outlook for Growth 


sSSEMS: 

gga aaasst rSSSsi 

ga-fts a*» 

Rnherts. said Tuesday^. • ^1 hrif 5 it» ul fan?- 


Return 

TOKYO — Top executives of 
100 leading Japanese companies is- 
sued dire ecooewme forecasts iot 
1994, predicting recession ana of- 
fering little hope 
according to two newspaper pous 
published Tuesday. 

Sixty-seven of 100 
who responded to a po D by the 
Yonmni Shimbun predicted the 

would be the first year of recession 

for Japan ance 1974. 

Three of four chief executives 
said they expected tittle improve- 


ment in 1994-95. with economic 
nowth of less than 1 percent. 

^ About half of those poUedru^ 

out any sign of recovery until 1995- 
96, a finding echoed in a similar 
poll by the Maruichi Shimbun. 

Mainkfal in its survey of 100 
l^ariing companies, found many «- 
caiiives were seeking to cut surplus 
staff during the economic down turn 
through taring freces and attrition. | 

Forty-six of those polled said they 
wanted to cur the number otem- 
ployees, with most favonng a frees 
on Wring of recent college graau- 
ates. Others died attrition or nans- 
fer of employees to branch offices. 


vear. the fcnglisn -language —j 

. ShragbaFs mid of foreign invesunenl ,«n P“»' m 1M " 

S7 02 billion, the Xinhua news agency said. 

. ^ Conn. ^ SSSS 


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rage 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1994 


: •**' • v. 


SPORTS 


. . . ■* :;.i 




Like Him or Not, Oilers NeedHim 


By Michael Wilbon 

Washington Post Seme e 

Does Buddy Ryan have the 
Houston Oilers over a barrel or 
what? For the next three weeks, or 
as long as the Oilers stay alive in 
the NFL playoffs, he’s the 900- 
pound elephant who can six wher- 
ever he wants. 

With Ryan coordinating Hous- 
ton's defense, the Oilers have an 
1 1-game winning streak, the NFL’s 
longest season-ending streak in 21 
years. With Ryan calling the defen- 
sive signals, the Oilers have become 
a team that's able to win outside, in 
the cold, against NFC teams. With 
Ryan, the Oilers are what the Raid- 
era used to be: talented, nasty, bo- 
dacious, cantankerous, effective 
and probably even just a little bit 
feared. 

Without the Budman, the Oilers 
are, well, you know, soft. Just an- 
other pretty, indoor. AFC team ca- 
pable of blowing a 35-3 lead in the 
playoffs and incapable of beating 
anybody with real muscle. 

The Oilers are as dependent on 
Ryan as the Chiefs are on Joe Mon- 
tana, as the Cowboys are on Em- 
mitt Smith. Which is why there's 
little if anything the Oilers can do 
about the fact that Ryan is a com- 
plete fool as evidenced by his 
punching offensive coordinator 
Kevin GEbride on the sideline Sun- 
day in the Astrodome. Ryan's justi- 
fication was that Gilbride had 
squandered a chance to run out the 
crock in the first half with the 03- 
ers ahead, calling a pass play that 
led to a fumble recovery by the Jets. 

Yes, you can be a great coach 
and a complete fool. The two are 
not mutually exclusive as anybody 
who has ever watched Bob Knight 
can attest Ryan is a great coach, 
maybe tire best defensive coach in 
the history of pro football Ryan is 
also a bully who has been getting 
away with this behavior all his 59 
years. Even so, be — with the help 
of linebacker extraordinaire Wilber 
Marshall — has made Lhe Oilers 
the most compelling NFL story 
this postseason. 

The AFC is positively chock-full 


Injured Smith Says He’U Play 


F.mmi tr Smi th was still in pan from a shoulder separation, but he told 
Dallas coach Jimmy Johnson hell be ready for the playoffs. 

“The doctors were talking like I'd be oat three to four weeks box it's 
going to be more like seven to 10 days,” the NFL’s rushing champion said 
Monday in Dallas. 

“He'll play a weed: from Sunday," Coach Jimmy Johnson said. 

The prognosis wasn’t so good, however, for the New York Giants' star 
offensive tackle, Jumbo Elliott, who has derided to have major back 
surgery, possibly as early as this week. The surgery would end Elliott's 
season just as the Giants are entering the playoffs. 

While Elliott was not available Monday for comment, several people 
familiar with the situation said be informed coaches and several players 
that he was in so much pain after the 16-13 loss to Dallas on Sunday that 
he changed his min d about waiting until the end of the post-season to 
have the surgery. 

Elliott has several inflamed disks as wefl some irritating spurs in his 
back, according to people f amiliar with bis condition. 

As for Smith, he spent Sunday night in Baylor University Medical 
Center after tiro Giants game. "I'm glad I did,” he said. There’s still a lot 
of pain.” 

With his right arm dangling at his side during much of the second half. 
Smith finished with 32 carries for 168 yards. (AP. NTT) 


be completely irresistible, maybe 
more drama-packed than a Cow- 
boys- Niners rematch. As much as 
Td love to see Joe Montana vs. the 
49ers in the Super Bowl, what we're 
probably looking at is either a Tex- 
as shoot-out or the Bills as "Jason," 
the team that won’t die. Regard- 
less, as long as we get the Cowboys 
or Niners, the Bills, Oilers or 
Chiefs, there would seem to be 
enough excitement to go around on 
the final Sunday, Jan. 30. 

By that lime, should the Oilers 
still be alive, Ryan will probably 
have a drill where the players prac- 
tice hoisting him onto their shoul- 
ders and walking off the field. This 
is precisely what happened when 
the Bears won the Super Bowl in 
1986. They carried him off the 
Add. This was about 10 weeks after 


Ryan nearly came to blows with the 
bead coach. Mike Ditka. 


of playoff intrigue. The big ques- 
tion about the Oilers is whether the 


team will be collectively ready for 
the psychiatrist's couch after two 


All in all it’s tough for the NFL 
to have a better story line to start 
the playoffs. Or for that matter, to 
end the regular season. Where are 
all you people who moaned and 
whined about how bad the NFL 
was this season? All we had Sunday 
were three overtime games, one of 
the best games of this or any other 
season between tbe Cowboys and 
Giants, the Dolphins and Jets un- 
able to secure playoff berths by 
losing to teams with nothing at 
stake, a 59-year-old man punching 
his assistant on the sideline, and a 
guy who should have been in the 
infirmary winning the game and his 
third straight rushing title. 


Saints, Bears, Falcons and Dol- 
phins fell off the table but at least 
they were in contention into Week 
15. Meanwhile, the Patriots, Sea- 
hawks — and to a lesser extent, the 
Buccaneers — established them- 
selves as legitimate competitors for 
next season. Even the Bengal.-; 
looked respectable by season's end. 
What else would you want over tbe 
past six weeks of the season that it 
didn’t offer? 

Two teams in tbe NFC can get to 


the Super Bowl the Cowboys and 
49ers. The Giants blew their shot 


As it turns out, every tam in the 
NFL showed improvement as the 


year went on, except the Redskins, 
Colts and Rams. This is not the 


crowd you want to run with. The 


Sunday when a division champion- 
ship and home-field advantage 
gave way to a wild card and a Jan. 
16 trip to either Dallas or San Fran- 
cisco. The Giants would love for 
Green Bay. the lower seed, to upset 
Detroit and force New York to 
travel to Candlestick, where the Gi- 
ants have woo before (See NFC 
title game, 1991). 

Three teams in the AFC can get 
to the Super Bowl the Bills, Chiefs 
and Oilers. Bflb-Oflers The Sequel 
in Rich Stadium on Jan. 23 would 


Ryan, in the 1985 thriller be- 
tween the Dolphins and undefeat- 
ed Bears in the Orange Bowl as- 
signed a second-year linebacker 
named Wilber Marshall to cover 
Miami wideout Nat Moore. Ditka, 
after unsuccessfully trying to get 
Ryan to replace Ma rshall with a 
comerhack, had one final solution 
for his stubborn defensive coordi- 
nator. 

"Buddy," Ditka said that Mon- 
day night on the sideline, ”101*8 set- 
tle this out back." Maybe Ryan 
isn’t a complete fool after all be- 
cause he backed down, knowing 
Ditka would have knocked his head 
off. But Ryan ultimately did 
enough things his way and the 
Bean won. 

Two weeks ago in Pittsburgh af- 
ter a gigantic road victory — the 
kind the Oilers were almost incapa- 
ble of pulling off before Buddy — 
one offensive player shrugged his 
shoulders when asked about Ryan. 
"Look, the guy is a great coach.” be 
said. “He’s also die craziest SOB 
I've ever been around. But with tbe 
results he has, you have to let him 
be." 

And that’s probably what tbe 



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. Mom Dn^Agmx Rave-Pun 

Philaddphia quarterback Bobby Brister trying to shake off San Frandsco’sKflriWlsoo daring the Eagles’ 37-34 victory over the 49os. 


A Loss to Eagles Leaves the 49ers Concerned 


Bier 


The Associated Press 

SAN FRANCISCO — It was 
supposed to be a mere tuneup for 
the San Francisco 49ers. What they 
need now is a brake job, a realign- 
ment, an overhaul. 


allowed the Eagles (8-8) to get away 
to a 24-3 lead. And although the 


ing to get one shot at the playoffs. 
You can't come out lagging. You’ve 


49ers (10-6) caught up, they even- 
tually lost thrir (hud game in the 
last four. 


You can't come out lagging. Y 
got to come out 100 percent. 


and one 32-yard pass from Bobby 
Blister to James Lofton. ' 


OOera, players and coaches and 
club officials will do: let Buddy be. 


club officials will do; let Buddy be, 
and keep their guard up. 


Philadelphia 37, San Francisco 
34 does not inspire confidence. 

There is the temptation to say it 
doesn’t matter, not with Steve 
Young and Jerry Rice and Ricky 
Watlers and John Taylor, the stars 
of the team, playing Ettie more 
than half the game Monday night 
to protect them for the playoffs. 

In any case, breakdowns on the 
defensive line and in the secondary 


And with less than two weeks to 
go before the 4908* first playoff 
game against Minnesota, toe New 
York Giants or Detroit, Coach 
George Seifert is worried. 

"They have to realize they can’t 
expect to get off to this kind off start 
and still win a ball game,” be said. 

”1 think this team, we don’t real- 
ize our potential" Rice said. It's 
up to the older guys to let the youn- 
ger gays know that we’re only go- 


Young managed to even the 
score at 24-24, with a 38-yard TD 
pass to Taylor, before he came out 
And backup Steve Bono kept the 
49ers flying with the Eagles to 34- 
34 with the help of Mike Gofer’s 
29-yard field goal with 12 seconds 
left in the fourth quarter. - 


,.JBut when Cbfer bandy missed a 
32-yard field goal attempt that 
could have won the game.m over- 
time, tbe 49ers defense let the Ea- 
gles. go horn their , own 22 to the 
49ere 21 with a bunch of short runs 


The 49ers caught a break right 
there when Roger Ruzek's 38-yard 
field, goal attempt drifted wide 
right • But a rooghmg-the-kicker . 
penalty on Merton Hanb gave Ru- 
zek a second chance from 28 yards 
and the. dock reading 00 .-00. This 
time Ruzek did not miss, 

Stifl, Young wot a third straight 
NFL passing title — something do 
other quarterback has done. Young 
threw for two touchdowns, com- 
pleting 15 of 19 for 165 yards and 
finished with a 101.5 rating. He 
edged Dallas’s Troy Altman, who 
ended the year with a 99.0 rating. 


Colombia’s Challenge Is to Keep Its Exotic Talents in Line Petitbon and Glanville 


International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — One door opens, another 
doses. The new year is a two-way process 
for two of soccer's most colorful most 
captivating personalities. 

In Colombia, Rene Higuita, the national 
goalkeeper, has been released on bail after 
seven months imprisonment awaiting trial 
for allegedly acting as a go-between negoti- 
ating the freedom of a kidnapped girl 

In Turkey, Tanju Colak. the golden boot 
of goal scoring, starts a sentence of four 
years and right months for smug glin g a 
Mercedes car into Ankara. 


Thrir advocates depict them as victims 
of their own fame. It is as if Higuha and 


Sport, in other words, is merely a branch 
of life. 

Life on the extremes when it comes to 
Hignita’s Colombian teammates. There is a 
growing conviction down South America 
way that Colombia, the team that demol- 
ished Argentina, 5-0, in Buenos Aires, has 
the most exciting, most exotic collection of 
individual talents on earth. 

They also have a rhythmic style — slow, 
slow, quick, quick, quicker — that could 
toy with opponents in the beat and humid- 
ity of the World Cup in America this sum- 
mer. Tbe Latin game, retaining possession, 
waiting and plotting the moments to burst 
goatwards, is more likely to prevail in those 
conditions than tbe methodical dehydrat- 


he ignored threats on his life by drug car- 


tels, be befriended players who came from 
the mean streets with nolhine but their 


Rob 

Hughes 




Colak. mavericks of their trade, were being 
made examples of unforgiving juridical at- 
titudes. As outsiders, we are in no position 
to judge. But as Higuita emerges thinner 
and less humorous after his hunger strike 
in jail as Colak goes down, we can see that 
sport does not absolve a man from the 
recriminations of the law. 


But Colombia? Has it the discipline, the 
dependability, to go seven games in a 
month for the supreme prize? 

For the sake of Francisco Maturana, tbe 
national coach who set aside Ms professor- 


ship in dentistry at the University of Antio- 
quia, I would like to think so. 


quia, I would tike to think so. 

Maturana, 44, a former central defender, 
has spent seven years opening the once 
damped mouth of Colombian soccer. He 
rejected his country’s defensive neurosis. 


the mean streets with nothing but their 
skills, and he set tbe path of a now-rare 
soccer philosophy of allowing individuality 
to breathe spontaneously within a team. 

Yet, there is always the danger of such a 
policy self-destructing. Maybe h is already 
beginning. Take Fans tino Asprilia, the leg- 
gy, explosive attacker who caught oar 
imagination at the Barcelona Olympics. 

Whatever moves Asprilia — and it 
moved Mm to a 54 milli on transfer to 
Parma in Italy — is hard to govern. It 
comes and it goes. No defender can 
counter it because not even AspriEa knows 
when Ms turbo boost will activate. 

Unfortunately, no one, not Maturana 
and not AspriDa’s club coach Nevio Scala 
at Panna, can be sure he will turn up for 
training, let done matches. 

Parmalat, tbe paymaster of Parma, has so 
far been benevolent. It plans a promotional 
push into the United States around Mm. 

But right now the Italian media are en- 


joying the wild side of Asprilia, reporting 
that be has sent his wife and young son 


that Be has sen: his wife and young son 
home to Colombia while he pursues the 
favors of a porn actress. 


She, Petra Scfaarabach. has told the 
press: "He hasn’t scored many goals lately 
. . . and he oertainly is not going to score 
with me." 

A nice mess developing for one of Ma- 
tin-ana's potential worn stars. But the pro- 
fessor knows that managing soccer players 
is like r unning a large family; Asprilia is 
one of nine children, and a formal educa- 
tion is not his forte. 

At least he knew his father. Others in die 
team admit they were abandoned in early 
childhood. Defender Lois Carlos Perea 
went through the courts removing his fa- 
ther's name from his passport, and rebuked 
a journalist for asking what that name is. 

Tve forgotten itr he responded. "It’s 
not worthwhile remembering.” Perea 
shares that abandonment with Higuita, 
and with midfielder Leonel de Jesus Alva- 
rez. whose mother had to take in sewing 
through the night to provide for her brood. 

“One day,” Leonel used to tdl her, "I 
will be rich, and you will live like a queen." 

His midfield partner Gabriel G6mez is 
another street-wise player. G6mez has a 
father who came to the end of Ms tether 
with a miscreant youngest son expelled 
from school for putting dead lizards in the 


teacher’s desk. He sent Mm to Guayaquil 
to the harsh environs of Medellin, at the 
age of 1 2 "to teach him the realities of life.” 
Contrast that to the studious Alexis An- 
tonio Mendoza, a defender Grom Banan- 


TTie Associated Press 


quilla. At 16, sent to work in a plastics 
factory to help his family, be took a degree 
in business aoministration at evening class- 
es at the National Institute of Commerce: 


At 21, he graduated. By then he was 
blossoming as an entirely self-taught soc- 
cer player, one who conditioned himself to 
training alone each night after studies. 

The articulate Mmdoza often sparks the 
runs of the shy, sometimes match-winning 
runner Fredy Eusebio Rincon, who from 
the age of 12 never had to express himself 
in any other way than with a rail at Ms feet 
Carlos Vakterrama. tbe giant of Coknn- 
bia’s creative midfield, was know® at the 


age of 9. He is a product of the beach 
soccer on Colombia’s northern coast 


The Washington Redskins and the Atlanta Falcons dismissed 
their head coaches on Tuesday after disappointing seasons in the e 
N ational Football League. . • . 

Richie Petitbon was dropped as coach oT the Redskins four days 
after the team finished its worst season in. three decades. Petitbon, 
55, the team's defensive coach since 1978whopatiendywBiied for a- 
rhanne tn run the Redskins , was out after one season- The Redskins 
finished last in the NFC East with a. 442 record. 

"With regret and after much thought, l have decided to release 
Richie Petitbon as head coach,” Redskins owner Jade Kent Cooke 
said. He called Petitbon "a personal friend of mine for years.” 

The Washington Prist reported that the Dallas Cowboys offensive 
coordinator, Norv Turner, 41, tops the Redskins’ fist of candidates. 

Jerry Glanville, meanwhile, was dropped as coach of the Falcons 
after a 6-10 finish in the NFC West Taylor Smith, the Falcons’ 
president, said, “We felt it necessary to make this change now so we 
can start early m making the right decisions for ’94” 


Valderrama, by turns actor, play-maker, 
pretender and catalyst, identifies the whole 
panoply of what Colombia might, or might 
not achieve in 1994. And that a mirror to 
life. Is all or nothing. 

Rif fhgha b oi the staff cf The Tbna. 


“Many of the reasons we did not make the playoffs this season are 
not the fault of Jerry Gtonvflle,” he said, ‘W the head coach is 
ultimately judged on the won-lost recant of the team." 

The Falcons opened the season with five straight kwses and closed 
with three. They were 28-38 in four years under Glanville. Smith said 
the search far a new coach would begin immediately. 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 



hst cofl vs tofljree of 0! 30 84 85 85 
























-v. . ' 




tribune, vednesday. jamjary 5, 19»* 


Page IS 


Lendl Fails to Hoist lhe Stars and Stripes 



■ by OvSu^RwJX^mdm 

ri /PERTH* Australia r— Ivan 
'Lqnffs ddjut f orthcUmlcd Stales 
'proved m^embanassmgi flop-ari 
-Tuesday as Ms adopted coon try was . 

1 ' 'swept put of theHqpman Cfc^feam . 
-tOTn^anem. by unseeded Gaaaaf.- ; 

31ie. Czech-born Lendl, who 
-Amoved to'CMGcjownh,' CkHtnaakriV 
, lOyears ago andbecame an Ameri- 

icari ttttEea : in July 1992, and Ms . 
< partner Manr Joe FcamaridP. were 


court youdooVIook iy 
scoreboard to see.whai is written 
next to yaOr name,** tending 


wuoi «wu a jjw.wm * wr r i , * ‘ " ^ 

.to lose Ms first match cm any US: 
team. ' . ' . ’ 

■ Lendl his been busy this wpek 
deflecting enquiries shoot- how 
long he intends to keepplayiag«td 

Ms sfa ticri ng pcrfotmanoc against 
Kariacherwffldo little to qudlfl* 



- ^outplayed by .the .mare youthful 

“German duo of Band Karbacher 
taad AMceHuber. "f. 

. ; ."* Tie- Germans sraltasd.-nrio the 
semifinals of -tbe^moced coiupeti- 

- non with con vin cing singles -wins. 
r TJie 33-yca^plri Lendl was ham- 

*. : mai& 5 - 3 .fr l.mipst 73 minutes' 
'#m die pewalrdrin Karbacher, wlx> 
js 25. Before that, Fernandez bad 
been oooBy taken apart, fr-2, 7-6, by 
Huber, who is 19. ■ 

. The Americans won -the mean-. 
Vngtea doubles 8-5 in a pro set. 

■ t^Two of LendTs former cxHnpam- 
" meantime, dmebed a place in 
ffce last Tour when the top-seeded 
-"titth- Republic beatSmtzedand* 

• tl-faigay thanks to Petr Korda, 
t Tt'is always' diSBplrimtirig.to 

'^anymaidiaiidOTceyoaareon 


A Hitler’s Birti 

'■ Renan 

. njan official saidTuesday. . 

■SSaatssaasa 

s£e ot fte nnfflmW&l sram* m Hamburg. 

. —..Jr ■MTtiMrV'of the Gorman 


fh* bwriy bit a tbinlof Ms 
first servesin and squandered *-4fr /, 

0 had in the opening game of the 
second so, giving Ms opponent 
even mote confidence:; .. . . 

Karbacher bad already , sensed 
Ms first caimwm<^LendL«B» 

possibility and, timing the baH 
sweetly, clinched victory. 

“It teBs me quits a few things 
about my same. I fidn’t pb y very 
srefl,” ^adimtt^LeaiflL'^hraattJt. 
was lack of match play or no*, we 
. will see:" 

“llis idwaysdiflicuU in yocr first 
match of the year.” . 

Karbacher conceded be had 
.been freed from pressure by 
Hoberiswin. - - - ^ ■ 

' - After lbrolaMmfor tbelirsr 


time^I thought T can beat MmV’be 
said. "I tried to dominate him.- ■ 
yon have to take -risks if yarn 

pS ?Si a feB^tet year ratted 
19* in the werift It was the 

time since 1979 that he had finked 

with a ndkmg'bdow the toplO._ 

. In a career that has proauceciw 
snwtes'tities. Lendl won only two 
cvS» in 1993 — at Mum* and 

iSffl had hoped to use the Hop- 


m Jan. 17 a Melbourne. He new 

_ _»• L. 


The German took the dec«w 
second set tWnwk 7-4 when F«^ 
moukidninped a backhand in lhe 

net. 

Germany, which won the town*- i 
BKnt last year when 
Si Steffi Gmf fonned^t^ 
now meets Ausma in Thursdays 
secood semiGnaL 

The" Crff gh combination of 
Korfa and Jana Novotna face Aus- 
tralia in the other semifinal on 
Wednesday, a 

to the home nanon a Koroa re- 
peats the form that dazzled Swks 
S r Jakob HBasek and Maanela 


mm. 







. ftdjerraied the rout by p^ 
ins far too steadily f<» Fananaa, 
% has three Grand Slam finds to 
ha craft. Tbe Gennan tas been 
practicing all week with close 
Send Amlra Medvedev ond bad 
an edse in power and wcoracy over 
Inapaodcz in thor basdine raHies. 
7 “If you practice with the male 
Mayers it gives you an advantage 
because the men hit the ball faster 

than the women," Huber Mid. 

Her win over the world No. 5 
toe* just 71 minutes. 


Korda, who beat world top two 

Fcfr Samp ras and MfcfaadSro op I 

^aocesave days to wo te Grand 
Sam Cup last mouth, destroyed 
Hlasek W) 6-2 and Ms coutnbmwn 
xben tipped the scales in the deci- 
sive mixed doubles. 

Novotna had earher given her 
partner plenty to do by toang her 
singles match aga ins t Maleeva- 

Fragmfcre. 64. 7-5. 

Last year’s Wimbledon Jfcakst 
has yet to win asingiles match at ihe 









planned a meetmg wun 

: .CSSSSSSBSIBmi^ 

A ^hM. lor fle 

5he^^iion-af *?» matdi but con finncdth at 
■ i- federation woidd continue. 




voydfficufttoiwiMtroobtetf 

very wonied abom the date. . . 

■®fefl«asraH?« 

thatit baxnothad fordecad^ 

J^As^^weareooncerae^hasnovatoej/^ 

,we are 

pcamst 11 ^ the soccer official ^ 


Fresh Charges 
to Racist Attack 
On V.S. Sledders 


I«mlAMn,reprcsentiog A™ e ^l° r ^l^ t ^^* Ir7n ^^ s ' 0SSt0 ^ enK * Kar ^ a£ * er0 ^^ e '' Tnar '"' 

Wasliinf?toii Stumbles 


Roam 

BERLIN —Nine Gennan ueo- 
Nari who attacked U5- 

Tiisae «««" members at a training 
center in October wffl be charged 
with grievous txxEy harm, prose- j 
Calais said on Tuesday . 

State prosecutor £rich R»±or 
said charges would be brought 
coon against the nine fa then m- 
volvemaitin a racist attack on the 
American athletes, two of *an 
black, outside a disco m Obahaf- 
A separate trial fa two leaders 

of the attack, who were char^dm 

December with **5? 

harm, wffl start Jan. 17 m SuM, 
court officials said. If convicted, 
the lfryear-dd and 21 -year-dd de- 
fendants would face up to &ve 
vears in iaiL Racha said it was 
Stbkthat tbe US. .athletes 

Would attend the trial as vmnes^. 

The US. luge team, which had 
been training m Nmv^ for 
Okmws, will ittiim to Obedmf Jan. 
10-l6for a Wodd Cup competition. 


7*^^ pom-^r with !»“ ^ ^ 

JSBS5fSS« 

bnon. tbe cSoMals’ coat* was played tough _drfense on Wbherines t»-2) bounced ba.a 

JS? sure he knew what had hap- Washmaon s 1-18-raetert ^ Crashing at Arizona last 
prray sure « ^ ^ yirka Dare. ^ with their highest point total 

nphr one thing. Coach Mike Jar- rw ndshed wii Ms average in ^ sj^son. Jimmy Kins J*- ■ - 

vis said, his 23 d-ranked team obvi- , \7) and rebounds (8), but 0 f his IS points m the fira 

ously took Sl Bonaventure lightly ^ had three turnovers. No. 19 Minnesota 71, NE Mum* 

Monday night with No 7 Temple ^ m v bands aloi 62: In Minneapolis, \ _oshon i lc 

coining up Saturday. More uroor- ,>, an j have before." said ^ had 17 points as Ji- Go.de. 

SteSd, the George Washmg- «« ” Gophers (9-3) dominated insid 

ton team obviously thinks it s bet- R\SKETB4lX The Golden Eagles (6-6) shot •- 

ter than it is. COli^A>^ b mm.iiw_ p=rccnU ^ \\ turnover, apd wer 

“Mv euys probably have been „ t who is five inches outrebounded 34-19 ^ th^’ tmo 

pound;, 20.4 a. M.bfftttK 


csster Yinia Dare. 

T>re finished wi ft his avaage in 
points i57j and rebounds (8), but 
he also had three turnovers. 


rints li/i aac --- oi ms io wum u. - 

* also had three turnovers. No. 19 Minnesota 71, SE uuihms 

-I -ust tried to use my bands a lot 62: In Minneapolis, v «hon U- 
, " said 17 DO nis as -he Golden 


mare than 1 have before." said 

"nviraBASKmgr ffigaJSSSS 

orarnst lighter than Doe. I got scored 25 of his “/po —■ Lakers’ Doug Christie was 

S&r— afeifess 

bush finished with - ^ ^ lowest point total in the y jj «jq f or grabbing 

No . i school's history. Earlier teams ^J^pShira- 

Methodist 70: hi Faywttwa^ Ag 41 . m games m 1958 and ^ Angdcs 

kansas. the ^z° rba « s 1963. Jd Sam Peririns and Vincent 

forced 30 turnpym Runnin' Rebels (4-3) shot ^^rw^rfSttitie were fined $2^00 

jaAiMirtB juri^iporeent from the floor on ££ £ lcav iug their benches 


nard had 17 points as te Golden 
Gophers f9-3) dominoed msidt 
The Golden Eagles (6-6) *b* •» 


Sick Flayer 
Keeps Utah 
Healthy 

The Aisoaated Pros 

SALTLAKEOTY-Kari Ma- 
lone was feeling iU and mb reheved 
hewasncededlor only 30 minutes 
aaainst tbe Dallas Mavericks. 
h “iScstiU finished with 1? pom^, 
oine rebounds, five ?»g* “J 
ihiee blocked shots in Monday 
night's 115-85 victory. 

■Tve got this cold, know, and 

ii wasateck-to^wckg 01 *- 1)6 ^ 

NBA HIGHUGffTS 

after Sunday night's 92-90 vlctor yj^ 
Portland. -Plus, weve got to get 
ready for Phoenix" on Wednesday. 

“So it was son of neat to take 
some time on," he said. 

John Stockton thought so, too. 
“We’ve got a tough stretch here 
this week. Five games M seven 
niahts is a real load, said Stockton, 
who had 10 points and 12 assists in 
„ 28 minutes. . . .... 

The win was Utah s fifth 
- ’ straight, ninth in its last 10 games 
and 10th straight at home. It was 
Dallas's 26ib loss in 28 games. 

Tom Chambers scored 20 points 
for V tah. Jim Jackson led the Mav- 
ericks with 23 points. 

,: c h The Mavericks got within 60-52 
with 7:21 left in tbe third quarter 
. , when Popeye Jones was called for a 
11 . flagrant foul for elbowmg Karl 
u - c Malone in the head. 

Da^it coach QuiiiD Buckner was 

l3i \ assessed a technical for protesting. 
“«! and Derek Harper then drew a 
£ - technical as well. Stockton made 
L - three of the four free throws to put 
in® 5 Utah ahead. 63-52. 

a Lakers and Sonks Fined 

aide. The NBA on Monday fined half a 

-i.-. ■ fUnlitina riiinnfi 


cuuit U , — -J 

going to happen, he said. 

The magic, if there was any, was 

all on St. Bouaventure’s ride as tte 
Bonnies won their first Atlantic 10 
Conference game in the last lo 

JSWSESy* 

Ceorge Washington feD to 6-3. 0-1 
vrith its second loss m a ro*: 
Center Jeff Quackenbush's 3- 


Kanbas. IU6 j ' 

traced 30 nmpjOT Wl P“Ued ^ Rimnia . Rsbels dm 

Mk ^d 2 hTAiwJ J-J p— *“ "* nwr “ 

hadft of Ms 23 pomts m the sec- Monday. 


.mtfrwATIONAL classified 



















Page 16 


POSTCARD 

Ireland’s 'Great Book 


By Diane Nottle 

Afcw York Tima Senux 

G ALWAY, Ireland — The 
Bool of Kdls, the fllumnuu- 
ed manuscript of the Latin Gospels 
that is one of Ireland’s national 
treasures, has survived 1,000 years, 
give or take a century or two, and is 
priceless. Nova group of poets and 
artists have created ’The Great 
Book of Ireland," winch they bill as 
a modern-day Book of Kells and 
fervently hope will also last 1,000 
years. It’s for sale, with an asking 
price Of $1.5 milli on 

The 144-page “Great Book," a 
collaboration of 140 poets, 120 art- 
ists, 9 composers and a calligra- 
pher, was completed in October 
after Allen Ginsberg became the 
last poet to pen his contribution on 
a natural vellum page. 

Among its contents are the last 
effort of Samuel Beckett, a musical 
setting of a poem by the mytholo- 
gy: Joseph Campbell and compan- 
ion poems by Nuala Ni Dbomh- 
naill, considered the most 
important poet writing in the Irish 
lpngnuge today, and Befla Akhma- 
dulina, a Russian poeL The roster 
also includes Seamus Heaney, John 
Montague, Derek Mahon, Paul 
Durcan, Richard Murphy, Bren- 
dan Kennelly, Ciaran Carson, Ted 
Hughes, Thomas Kinseila and Mi- 
chael Longley. 

The “Great Book" is a joint pro- 
ject of the □ashgaona Nulls Trust, 
which advocates independent liv- 
ing for people with disabilities, and 
Poetry Ireland, which promotes its 
art through readings, participation 
in arts festivals and a quarterly 
magazine. The idea originated in a 
conversation between Tbeo Dor- 
gan, the administrator of Poetry 
Ireland, and two CLasbganna exec- 
utives. The two groups were look- 
ing for a bold fund-raising venture 
that would produce something of 
value in itself. 


Ttey originally talked of a book 
combining perhaps 50 poems with 
the work of a angle artist “Choos- 
ing the early contributors was de- 
ceptively easy: The big names, the 
exciting talents, almost seemed to 
declare themselves,” Dorgan wrote 
in a brochure. “But then subtle 
shifts began to insinuate them- 
selves: What about artists or poets 
who have fallen silent? What about 
artists and poets in exile?" 


From there, the project mush- 
roomed into something that would, 
in Des Kenny’s words, “get people 
practicing Irish literature and an to 
create a book that would remain a 
monument to work being done at 
the end erf the 20th century.” Ken- 
ny is a member of the family that 
tuns Kenny’s Bookshop and An 
Gallery in Galway, which was com- 
missioned to catalogue the book 
and find a buyer for it 

Each pair of pages is a collabora- 
tion of one or more poets, an artist 
and the calligrapher, or scribe, as 
Kenny prefers to call Denis Brown. 
First the poet wrote the words, then 
Brown embellished the lettering and 
the designated artist went to work. 

□ 

The first two contributors were 
Seamus Heaney and John Monta- 
gue on June 11, 1989, commemo- 
rating a joint reading to celebrate 
their birthdays. “We’re not sure 
who put pen to paper first," Kenny 
said, “but the other followed in 
seconds." 

Many others followed, too, and 
not all of them were comfortable 
working in their assigned medium: 
India ink on vellum, a tine parch- 
ment made of calfskin, lambskin or 
kidskin. “Ginsberg was working in 
a room full of people, and he was 
rather nervous," Kenny said. 

His brother Conor Kenny add- 
ed: “Most of them were terrified, 
the artists and the poets. Some did 
their pages in their own homes, in 
the dead of night, on single pages." 
He said one poet was so agitated he 
would write a line, then get up and 
pace tire room until be calmed 
down. 

The veil urn also challenged the 
artists, most or whom had never 
worked with it before. “Artists had 
to faoe the nightmare of one chance 
only, ou an irnfamfliar surface, a 
living material which stretched and 
shrank as it was wet or dry, a subtly 
uneven surface containing minute 
amounts of natural oils, Dorgan 
wrote. On some pages, the vellum is 
cut away or has holes that were left 
when it was made, and “that be- 
came the starting point for the 
artwork," Des Kenny said. 

The organizers hope a donor will 
buy it and place it in the National 
Library in Dublin, under glass, 
with one page turned a day, just 
like the Book of Kells in the Trinity 
College library nearby. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1994 


Jeanne Moreau, Breaking All the Rules 


By Bernard Weinraub 

.Yen- York Tuna Service 

L OS ANGELES — She satin the lounge of a Beverly 
Hills hotel, smoking cigarettes, her voice raspy, ter 
wide-set brown eyes narrowing as she spoke. Tm 65. HI 
be 66 in January," Jeanne Moreau said with a shrug and 
l aug h , “What should I do? Shoot myself? I’ve never 
worried about age. If you're extremely, painfully fright- 
ened of age, it shows. Life doesn't end at JO. To me age is a 

number, just a number. Who cares?" 

Moreau took a long drag on ter cigarette. "There’s a 
great line in ray new Rim," she said. "The line is, T always 
thought I would die young, but now it's too late.* " Again, 
she smiled. 

In her newest film, "The Summer Howe," Moreau 
plays an exotic half-British, half-Egyptian woman with a 
flamboyant sexual past who arrives in a drab London 
suburb and comically helps save a young woman from a 

disastrous marriage. (Tm marrying a man nobody tikes,” 
complains the young woman. "I thought it was just me.") 


The English movie, which also stars Joan Plowright, was 
made by BBC Films and released by the Samuel Goldwyn 
Co. The film was directed by Wans Hussein and written 
by Martin Sberman. Its reviews have generally been highly 
favorable. Writing in The New York Tunes, Caiyn James 
called the film charming and said Moreau's performance 
was “over the top and tremendous fun to watch.” 

Id addition to appearing in at least two dims that will be 
released in 1994 and planning to direct her second movie. 
Moreau is also carefully helping to select films for a 
retrospective of her wore in February at the Museum of 
Modem Art in New York City. 

She made her directing debut 20 years ago with “Ln- 
rrrifcre,” which was critically well received. This spring she 
plans to direct a film with Carole Bouquet, a dr ama about 
marriage and relationships. “The closer you crane to 
death, you feel more of a responsibility for your work, for 
what you've done," she said. “The intensity of my work 
is . . . amazing," 

Moreau, who has acted in more than 90 films, accepted 
the role in “The Summer House" for two reasons. One was 
that the role of the seductive, flaming-haired and uncon- 
ventional woman, circa 1959, was, well, a perfect Jeanne 
Moreau part. Tve shunned convention and routine my 
entire life," she said. “Breaking the rules fascinates me." 

But there was also a personal reason for making the 
film, with its British cast and crew. Although Moreau is 
widely viewed as quin (essentially French, she's actually 
half-English and spent part of her childhood in Britain. 
Her mother, Kathleen Buckley, went to Paris to dance in a 
Josephine Baker show at the Folies-Bergfcre. 

“Then she met my father, who owned a place called La 
Cloche d*Or in Montmartre; where artists and writers used 
to go for supper," said Moreau. “She got pregnant She got 
marri ed She gave up dancing. And she regretted not being 
an artist.” Her parents separated when she was a child. 

Moreau said quietly: “with this picture. I'm paying 
tribute to my mother. It’s difficnlt to explain. Maybe it's 
the fact of my aging. She has been gone five years. It’s very 
personal. 1 loved her very dearly. She was very helpful to 
me when I wanted to be an actress." She laughed and 
continued: "My father, on the other hand, said no, no, no. 
I sometimes think my desire for excellence comes from me 
wanting to convince him I was right." 

It was “Jules et Jim” <1961). Francois Truffaut's classic 
drama of three people in love, that turned Moreau into an 
international symbol of romance, passion and the fine- 





Actress Moreau: “life doesn't end at 30. To me age is a number, just a number. 


Ageacel 

■. Who cares?” 


spirited discarding of convention. Her films include "La 
Notte," by Michelangelo Antonioni (1962 ), “Diary of a 
Chamb ermaid," by Luis Bufiud 11964), “The Trial,” by 
Orson Welles (1963). “Viva Maria!,” by Louis Malle 
(1965) and “The Bride Wore Blade,” by Truffaut (1968). 

Moreau is president of the French commission (hat 
dispenses subsidies to French filmmakers. Despite ter 


official position, Moreau views as somewhat sQly France’s 
fears of American culture swamping Europe. This was a 
central unresolved issue in the recent trade agreement 
between the United Stales and Europe. “Nobody forces 
the European audiences to see American films. When. I see 
them, I am rewarded. Even, the B films. There’s so much 
energy, so much craft, and if there is a weakness on the 
part of the Europeans, it is a self-indulgence.” 

On a personal level, she makes it plain that the obses- 
sion with age in the United States, which is perhaps 
greater than in Enrope, discomforts her. She has no 
interest in facia] suigeiy. "You have to have other interests 
in life besides your own face, your own past. I try to see 
aging as a privilege. Aging allows me to do anything I 
want. It gives me freedom to speak up and tdl the truth.” 
"You see the pain in women about getting old, and it’s 
not only the actresses," she said. “But I just worry about 
being alive, taking care of my life. I mean I’m an actress 
but also a woman. The actress keeps the woman and the 
woman keeps the actress. The whole aim of my life is to 
say: ’Beware, don’t be trapped by what people expect of 
you. Just go your own way.'” 


Moreau has been married twice. Before she was 20, she 
was married briefly to a writer, Jean-Louis Richard. They 
had a son, Jfirtme Richard, who is a painter living in Los 
Angeles. Moreau spent the holidays with her son and 
remains dose to her fust husband. In 1977, she married 
the American director William Fri/edkm; they were mar- 
ried for two years, living in New York and Los Angeles. 

Did she tike those odes? She shrugged. “It’s not' a 
question of liking or disliking New York or Los Angeles," 
she said Tt’s toe question of the marriage." 

Moreau lives m Paris now. Actually, the actress said, 

« i_i_ j : -i_ I 


the United States and has no patience for Europeans who 
scorn the country. “When 1 near people in Europe talk 
about ’the Americans,’ 1 say, ’You don’t know a thing 
about the Americans.’ This is an incredible country. May- 
be because of the way it started like a holy land anew 
Jerusalem. I walk tbe streets in Boston and Bdtimare and 
Washington and New York, and it’s thrilling for me. 
Everyone is so . . . different It's so mixed” 

Looking ahead Moreau said that although acting has 
indeed been central to her life, it hasn’t bom absolutely 
necessary. Sbe said she has always been consumed more 
with her personal life than with her career. T could live 
without acting,” she said “Even if it meant less money. I 
live my life at a very personal pace. Sometimes my main 

f roblems have nothing to do with acting. Acting is a gift 
ve received And Tm grateful for it and I enjoy iL But it’s 
not the main pant of my life. It never was.” 


PEOPLE 

RosetomeTeUsAIl: 

IfsOneDayataTkne 

The cover -of Vanity Fan may 
sfcowRoseanoeAnioHm alacy bra , 
ate.Wadtcor^ < 

party bat the oametfian says die is ! 
not a happy jpersoo. In a no-bokis- 
baned -interview in the: magazine, t 
Arnold reveals that she thought of 
IdBing ter parents for abasing her, 
had sex witn women and worked as 
aprostrtutetohelpsqj^terciril- 
dre*L>Ibw,stesaida fc go6dday is 4 




when I can live cue day and feel Hke 
I want to Eve. Every day I have to 


pr< 


■ whole day-ihrongh."- . 

Pkmce RaMer of Monaco cate- 
gorical^ denied British, and Italian 
tabloid reports that he plans to mar- 
ry Hjonfis Nh«of,flie wrfeof dictate 
. actor Darid Ntvea. i& press office 
said the prince lag saw. Nwea in 
1983, when he attended her buS- 
: bands funeral in Switzerland “One 
-wonders how sudi a iumar, without 
any bans, could have spread,” the 


Steven Spielberg went two for 
two with the National Society of 
Film Critics, winning the best di- - 
rector ' award and test picture x ‘ ■: ' 

award for "Schindler’s list/* Holy •%/ 
Hunter was named best actress for 
"The Piano,” and Darid ThewSs 
.best actor for “Naked.” ' -V- 

. • □ . ”?.• 

French government ministers on v 

Ttasday presented tte stxaidaced 
Prine.Mredw Edwati Bdhdv, 
with the works of tbe ribald writer' 

pitnist er, adrc»d hCT 78 
fdlow ministers last month to con- 
tribute l.(XW francs ($170) each for . 

the mne-voluxne set as a Christmas 
gift for BaCadnr. 

•. □ /‘J 

Jane Kramer, the Paris com- .-\v" 
spondent for The New Yorker yu 
magazine, has won the Charles 
Venton Prix Europfea de FEssai ^ 
for ter book "Europeans.” Kza- "... 

: mer, who also won the National 
BookAwardin the United States in 
1981 and -the National Magazine ^ 
Award in 1993, is the first woman ’ 
and first Americanto win die Swiss ■■■' ' 

prize since it was started in 1975. 

INTERNATIONAL ^ 

CLASSIFIED 

; Appears on Paget 6 & 15 jfe 


WEATHER 


CROSSWORD 


Europe 


Forecast for Thursday through Saturday, as provided by Accu-Wealher. 



Today 


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OF 

OF 


OF 

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London 

7/44 

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North America 

Snow will blanket the Great 
Lakes stales through north- 
ern New England Thursday 
Into Friday. Cold air from 
Canada will plunge south- 
ward through the central 
Plains. Washington DC., 
through Boston will have 
light snow Thursday, then 
dry. chUy weather w® prevail 
Frttfey imo the weekend 

Middle East 


Europe 

Spoki wil haw floodng rains 
with very strong wVWs over 
the mountains and along the 
north and wesi coastlines 
late this week. Heavy snow 
wil blanket Bie Alps. Scandi- 
navia wfll be cold with scat- 
tered areas o» snow. Paris 
and London wil have a chOy 
rain Thursday Dry waalher 
•*» arrtm this nwekend. 


Asia 

Beijing through Seoul will 
hove dry, cold weather late 
this week. Hong Kong and 
Tak»t wiB have dry. season- 
able weather with some sun- 
shine. Snow will blanket 
Sapporo later this week 
while Tokyo will be mainly 
*y and colder. Heavy rains 
will movo away from Ihe 
Philippines Friday. 


Today 
High Lew 
CTF OF 
Bongkc* szara 2 DOT 

Being 2»3S -It/13 

Hemkom zoflw tean 

Mania 31/88 24/75 

New Data HOT 11/52 

Seoul 3/35 -307 

Shanghai 11,52 205 

Wot 28/B2 24-75 

Tam 23/73 15/59 

Tokyo 8** 1 04 


Alters 1881 9'40 a 17ZB2 11152 pc 

Cape Tom 29JB4 18*4 a 2*04 few e 

Cwobfenca 1MB 0*3 S 16*1 5/41 ah 

23/73 7/44 » 29, « 9/48 a 
Lap” 23/73 a 3H88 24/75 a 

Ntarota 24/75 e/48 pe 27/BO 12/53 pc 

Turn IO/B1 0/40 pc 10/06 8 <44 1 


North America 


Today Tomor ro w 

High Low W Wgb Low W 
OF Of OF OF 

Be*ur 10/04 11/52 a 2O/0B 13/55 a 

Cam 71/70 0/48 a 21/70 12/51 i 

Damaann 15/59 307 pe 17/62 7/44 ■ 

JenaWem 14/57 BMfl pe 10/61 bmb a 

Lour 24/75 4/39 ■ 28/B2 10/50 a 

Ffcywfi 24/75 9/48 a 22/71 0/45 s 


Latin America 

Today Tomorrow 

Mfi Low W Ugh law W 
of of ve OF 

Bueme/Uraa 32(99 20/B8 s 3301 21/70 pc 

Carom 290M 23/73 pe 29/84 24/75 pc 

Lima 25/7? 13«6 5 25/77 20/98 pc 

MatkoCky 18*4 3/37 pc 2058 7/44 pc 

RodaJanaro 27/80 22/71 9h 28/82 23/73 pe 

Sw*n0o 27 m 11.52 ■ 2700 1253 pc 


Legend: e-sunm. pc-praPy doudy. C-doudy. sh- Ww s . t-thundaraomia. r-taln, sTsntiw Hunks. 
«Wir, Wot, MMWatfMT. AM fnapa. forn ca ata wad data provided by Asxu WaaB/u. kK. ~ 7994 


Denver 

OHria 

Vfcnotulu 

Nremon 

Lnkngrlcn 


rtaruu 

NwrVcrti 

Fho«nt« 

5m Ran 

S-e-fc- 

Tcrjrao 

Was/angkn 


■5.2* 41® 
8-48 SO 5 
-2-29 -11/13 
■7-P -91 1* 
IJiM -7CT 
-8 22 -11/13 
25, *77 23/09 
1601 1253 
2M» 9 z« 
17452 1203 
-139 -17i2 
11TJ -2W4 
25/77 10.«l 
•1/31 -0C2 
23.73 9m 
13 -W S'41 
7/44 205 

-a-:* -la-v 
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ACROSS 

1 Noodiahead 
s Dagger handles 
10 Silver-tongued 
14 Eminently 
dnaftabie 
19 He has '99 
beautiful 
names' 

16 San .Italy 

17 'Murder In the 
Cathedral' 
setting 


to Faux pas 
follower 

oo Auto part 
an Abe's ‘The 
Woman in the 

22 Bohea.e.g. 
25 Caddies cany 
them 

27 In fairness 

28 Boulevard 
30 Genteel 

32 Aquarium fish 

33 Humble toiler 


Sohdkwi to Puzzle of Jan. 4 


□BI3QI3 QEIHQ □□□□ 
□Hnno □□□□ nan a 
□ m n b □ □ to □ s □ s □ s □ □ 
mama edcjidb □□□□a 
□□□ nnia 
QGiDQHamnacaiiianaa 
□□□□□ aaiiiaa aaa 
□□□□ □□ana anaa 
□Ha snoan □□□cjh 
Q aaaaaaaaaaaaaa 
□□□ aaa 
□maan aaau □□□□ 
moaaaaauaaaaaaH 
aaaa aoaa aaaaa 
cauuu cjaaa □□□lus 


34 Pick 

37 Training-room 
complaint 
30 Robbery 

30 National 
Enquirer rival 

4066.e.g.:Abbr. 

41 Like 'Hee Haw" 
humor 

42 Italian 
Renaissance 
poet 

43 Two-time A. L, 
M.V.P. 

43 Lecture 
40 Reserve supply 
40 Promise word 
so Beat one's 
gums 

31 Brook 

92 Writer Angelou 

54 Eaglelike, 
perhaps 

55 Perambulates 
31 Plains Indian 
62 Regarding 
03 Xenia's home 
64 Fhrsl-raie 

03 Violet relative 
66 Arctic native 


i Baseball 's 
Gooden 


.€> Nriu York Times Edited by WiB Shortt 


sActorCariou 
4‘Sotong" ■ 

5 Yamaha rival 

6 Noted absurdist 

7 Kind oi shot 

0 Tobacco figure 
o Like a 
wallflower 

10 Ptarmigan 

11 Assassin'S 
victim. 8/20/40 

12 Spur 

13 Impenous 
io Lagniappe 

21 Con 

22 Golden Horde 
member 

23 Uprighl 

24 Miss Ma/pie film 

‘Murder ' 

28 Upholstery 
concern 

27 Stun 

29 up to 
31 Cheerful 

33 Persan sprite 
33 Fettuccelle. e.g. 
36 Scout group 

30 de combat 

.39 They called her 

frivolous “ 



PiazfibyOm Canto 


41 Tobacco wad 47 ‘Symposium’ 

42 Singer Tucker . .man 


44 Deteriorates « Sibyl subji 

«s Nice and warm 63 Baseless? 
4« Work shoe ss Kind of da/ 


47 Symposium se Cultural 

man collection 

„ or^.i „ 57 Writer Auletta 

49 Sibyl subjects s ,- Graat - ldia | - ■ 

63 Baseless? ssSass 

ss Kind of dance oo Keystone Fellow 


fynshiUi- 

k-- 

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Ttavd in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


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ART 


1993 AKST 


ASIA Hungary* . 

Australia 0014381-011 tariandhB 

Chinaj pgp»4 10811 Irelaxad 

Guam 018-872 Inly* 

Hong Kong 800-1111 Uedhcensttia* 

Indtta» 000-117 UthraolM 

Imloo€sfai> 00-801-10 Luxembourg 

Jjpon* 0039-111 Monaco* 

Korea 00SH1 Netherlands’ 

K©rea*A 11- Norway* 

Malaya*’ SOO-OOU PfOaod’*- 

Nesv Zealand 000-911 Portugal* 

Philippines* 105-11 Romania 

RaaaM^^Uosctm) 155-5042 Slovakia 

Salpmr 235-2872 Spain 

Singapore 800-011 1 -1 n Sweden* 

Sri Lanka 430 -430 Switzerland* 

Taiwan- • 0080-1028 80 UJC 

Thailand* 0019-991-111] MID 


^ 00*-800-01111 CohmAfe, 

999-001 Costa Rica** 

1-000-5304)00 Ecuador* 

172-1011 Q Salvador** 
1 55-00-11 

» 

HI MO^OUl 

- 19*4011 

^ ^ tgma 

- ^ 90-^ g ZT 

0*010-4800111 T ~ r 

050X7-1-288 

“0lteo4288 HS Wy, 
0042000101 

900-99-00 -11 — 5 

020-795611 

155O0-U 

0500-890011 

MIDDLEEAST Cayman Man 


5*80-110010 

114' "'* 

■139 -. 

; 190-.- 

- 190 
165 
1 23 : 

95-800-462-4240 . . 

■) 174 

, 109 - 
- — 191 
- 00-0410 . .• 

• 80-011-120. .. 


AnzKzzb" 

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BdgtlXiaf 

Bulgaria 

Croatia** 

Cyprus* 

Cze ch Re . 

Denmark* 

Finland* 

franoe 

Ger many 

Greece* 


800-288 jfctib-Anifl • 001-800072-268% ./ 
426*01 ScBtta/Nevfe ~ l-SOQGTZVSl -. 
1-800-100 AFRICA 


EUROPE Bahrain * ' gQO-OOl Grenada* 

Egypt* (Cairo) 3100 200 

0^003011 brad ' 177-100-2727 Jamaica** 

078-110010 Kuwait Jffln.2RB Neth. An 

OO-IWXHMIO MwnonQBe^ 436*01 ScKtoffl 

99-380011 Saudi Arabia ' Tj«n 1(1n 

o o-8oo-i2Z77 

gg^g9 1D1 AMERICAS tomlow 

— 1-0010 Argentina* 001-800-200-1131 Kenya* 


CARIBBEAN , - , r- ; . 

Mama 1O0&872-288L ■ 

Bermuda* . -. 1-800072-2881 . ’ 

British VJ.- , l-8QCL87g38^ ' -f '■ 

Cayman Islands 1-800072-288^ -, - . 

Grenada* , - . l-80fr872jeffl^ 7 .; 

Haiti* . 001-800-972-28^ 


9800-100-10 Bdatra 
19*0011 Bolivia* 
01300010 Brazil 
00-800-1 3n rwiw 


555 Uberia 

0^00-1111 Malawi** 
000^010 Maha‘ 
00**0512 Suriname 


uUllUdUJC “ ■. 

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