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Paris, Wednesday, January 12, 1994 

No. 34.483 

- -- l^ns, rrcuuc»u«jj j ? 

,>. •>•;•••. •'=*' •..•»* - '• • • - •' - 

Was in Wa r 


By CrtriglL Wbltney 

, N&Xo&finpS'Serria:,, 

BRUSSELS — In the aid, the summit meeting'PresidMi 
Bill Q in ton called totesorrthefaaOTOftiKNATOaUiaDce 
could not eseapeits past failures, and those of flje .United 
Slates as its leadi^po^. : m.«*at used - torbe Yugoslavia. 

The rin mmafi t ilrtjpif. was noUhe pTeadent's PtUluCfrsfap 
for. Peace to build, a-new reJationshipbetwecTi NATO and 
formerly Co mmndis t countries to its east, / but ■ growing 

t A XT ATtYo ir 

irustrmion Unwjgftocs.uMamance ora inaiu soiauimjMv 

deter a:'Jttop'5eri^ : Mtib^^ Bosnia- 

HerTegovina. v : ‘ 

How .to' deal' with (he insfe&flfy that. long-suppressed 
f-thnin hatreds naiingalK tic pride are prot htcing allover 

the fonw Cdratnonist bloc was precisely the thane Mr. , 
Gi n I on used raTOrcefully reassenn®^ Anwican interest 
in li^sxalblliK.azui security ofEin^ie. 

European leaders, deinocalizbd - ^ their own failure to 
deal wuh the -wM lM Bcmia Wd by flit worst earapmic 

■recession in decades, welcome Mr. Clinton’s support for 
their battered enterprise of European unity. 

' But whether ins new Partnership plan can prevent turmoil 
; between Russia and Eastern “Europe may “ 

whether the alliance can recover the seme of purpose u iosi 


when it failed to prevent war on its eastern doorstep in 
_ YugosTavia,jusi as the Cold War had been won. 

. ■ Before flying to Prague on Tuesday afianoonJMr. Oin- 
ton said his aim was ultimately “a security based noton 
. Europe’s "divisions, but oh the potential of its mtegjation. 

- But he also heard European leaders tell him r e ^ led ^ r f|ӣ 
success in the enterprise would depend crucially on Anwrr- 
can support — and, in security issues, on American leader- 

- ship. " . 

The Clinton admimstration tried last spring to get the 

European allies to agree to let the United States carry out mr 
Sj^aednst the Serbian forces responsible for most of the 
Xnreand to let the besieged Muslmw have accev w 
arms, but Secretary of State Warren M. Chnsteph;r did not 
carry the day with the Europeans. 

Last August, with Sarajevo under siege, the allies did 
agree to threaten the Bosnian Sabs with air suite if the> 
did not stop their “strangulation” of the ciiy. Since then ihe 
garrotinghas continued, as if in open contempt oi NA km 
threats, and the French and British publics have been 
wearying of their soldiers getting killed and wounded in the 
neacekeeping forces in Bosnia. ... f 

'OnMOTiday, Mr. Clinton found himself in the position ol 
■ Pnnvh anH thp British. ihe European 

it to cover ihe area around Srebrenica, where Serbian forces 
have n rexented the relief or a Canadian pocetepuig “J" 
iin»en(. and Tuzla. where the Sabs have been blocking the 
reopening of the airpon for civilian relier suppUes. 

Rtn ihe latest threat could also turn out to be an empty 
on^ln fact all t^alUes did was ask the UN military 
commander in Bosnia to draw up ^urgOJi -pi ••• 

thu Pir<;uin>ort would be ihere if needed. Under the proce Ij 

!. .Kid la* summer, NATO will »dn» a for l>cip 
. v, ._k. „ n wc ihe UN commanders on the scene asR u 1 

SSdSS35» £ UN S5S£*« L Bum* Buttos 

Ghali. concurs in the request. 

pan. concuia in — .... _r 

“What happens now depends upon the behavior of the 

But if they do ask for air strikes, what happens then will 

countries woo nave me mwi m un. --- 

neacekeeping force in Bosnia, that NATO should not make 
y« I doSt bombing threat unless it was. prepared to carry it 

out this time. , . . , 

The allks did repeat the threat on Tuesday, and extended 

See ALLIES, Page 5 

Ukraine Says 
Nuclear Pact 
Signing May 
Be Delayed 

Bv Margaret Shapiro 

" Washington Post Service 
MOSCOW — Ukrainian officials and politi- 
cal leaders said Tuesday that the nuclear disar- 
mament agreement announced Monday by 
President Bill Clinton had not been completed 
and may not be signed on Friday as Mr. Clin- 
ton had” predicted. 

Foreign Ministry officials in Kiev described 
the agreement, which Mr. Clinton said he. Pres- 
ident Boris N. Yeltsin of Russia and President 
Leonid M. Kravchuk of Ukraine, would initial 
in Moscow on Friday, as still in draft form, with 
some problems yet to be worked out. 

-We hope that the trilateral talks in Moscow 
will e nd successfully” the Foreign Ministry 

NATO adopted a broader but stffl highly con- 
ditional plan for Bosnia air strikes. Page 4 


a Sarajevo school as people passed her body, 

IXirol,. 'nip ■ 

Six people were trilled and 13 wounded h> artillery Rtf. 

Will Russians Liste 

By Let Hockstaden 

- - WiubtfM TMSenit* - • —■ 


xksty surprise ifi pariiameotary decti pns l ast 
moath when ultrtnatkmalists and Corammists 
reodved strong ^port,The hi^t TOio-gertCT 
in. the -new part&jnentTS so hosaie to u.a. 


interests that Mr. Ointoo is pointedty siuiWjmg 
him cailns trip hoe. ^ ' 

armed country that skirted civil war in October 
only to face surging extreme nationalism in 

To confront that challenge. Clmton adders 
have billed the meeting 3S one that vrill sues 
U S. advice, not new aid. For weeks the White 
House has been fussing to fine-tune its n«ssafi e 
to the Rusians, a nuance here, a shading there. 

However, the US. message may be uadcroii 
to some extent by the administration past 
promises of bflKons of doflais worth of aid. 
which has been slow to materialize. After so 
many promises of aid and so few visible results. 

it is common to hear complaints about U.S. 

'“aS lhe risk for Mr Clmton is not so much 
rising anti-Americanism, although there arc 
some signs of that in Russia ihc« days. Vac • r i * 
is that he may seem irrelevant to man* Rus 

Si ^ question for this meeting is; Will the 

Russians be listening? .. 

“We are hearing many message from i all 
ora the world.” said Dmitri R>unta. 
taut to Mr. Yeltsin for foreign polity. But 

See RUSSIA, Page 5 

spokesman, Yuri Sergeyev said at a news con- 
ference in Kiev. “But if the document is not 
ready, then the meeting will have a consultative 
nature ” A communique or dedaraiiois i would 
be issued, he said, instead of a full-fledged pact. 

Ukrainian lawmakers, meanwhile, went even 
further and suggested that even if Mr. Krav- 
thuk dsns a completed accord, they mi&ni not 
go alone with it. The Ukrainian pariiamenL 
wary about Russia's intentions and eager lo 
retain the prestige of a nuclear power, has been 
the main stumbling black in making good on 
past pledges to give up the more than i.wu 
warheads left on its lemiory after the 1991 
collapse of the Soviet Union. 

“President Leonid Kravchuk has no au *b? r ' 
iiv to sian any inierstaie documents regarding 
nuclear ^ disarmament” said Vyacheslav Chor- 
iioril, chairman of the nationalist Rukh Party. 
Such an agreement he said, “would haveno 
juridical force.” More eureme nauonahst legts- 
laiors suggested they would try to impeach Mr. 
Kravchuk if he signed any pact giving up 
Ukraine's nuclear weapons. 

Other parliamentary leaders said that while 
the agreement announced bv Mr. CUnton ap- 
pjremlv offered many enticements, including 
greater security guarantees, a Russian pledge to 
respect Ukraine’s current borders and more 
limn SI billion in assistance for the country s 
collapsing economy, its approval was Tar from 
cenain. They cited concern at the stunning 
electoral success last month of Ru» ,a " 
uonalists. many of whom would like u> see 

See UKRAINE, Page 4 

State Department Finds 
little Progress in 1993 
On Correcting Abuses 

By Elaine Sciolino 

.Ven- Y.-rk Timex Senste 

WASHINGTON — A draft State Depart- 
meni report on human rights has concluded 
that China made little progress in curbing wide- 
spread abuses last vear. and administrauon 
officials said Tuesday that the situation would 
make it virtually impossible for President Bill 
Clinton to extend preferential trade benefits 
next summer unless China drastically changes 
its behavior. 

The annual global report, w hich is undergo- 
ing review before it is sent to Congress in three 
weeks, savs there were serious problems in 
China's performance in 1993. including arbi- 
trary arrests and torture and poor treatment of 
political and religious dissidents. It also stales 
that the Beijing regime continues to use repres- 
sion to maintain control of its population, pri- 
marily through the state security forces. 

China's human nehts record will be the focus 
of a probable meeting between Secretary of 
Slate Warren M. Christopher and China s for- 
eign minister. Qian Qichen. 3t the end of Janu- 
ary. Although the meeting h as not been formal- 
ly' announced, one senior official said it may 
take place tn Paris or Gene' a. 

Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen will also 
stress the importance of more cooperation on 
human rights when he visiuv Beijing next week. 

The disclosures about the human rights re- 
port come amid a poliev dispute within the 
Clinton administration over the wisdom of 
making the renewal of China's trade position 
known as most Tnv« -red- nation stands — totally 
dependent on its human rights conduct. 

One voice in the debate is that of J. Stapleton 
Rov. the U.S. amba>sador to Beijing, who told 
The New York Times early this month tnai 
China had made “dramatic" progress in tm- 
proving the !«re oi us citizens ana that tins 
should be taken into account when the Clinton 
administration revi.-AS us poliev toward China. 

[>u tine the 1^2 campaign. Mr. Clinton criti- 
cized President Oc-ree «u<h f •' *wrc \a on 
rights jr-jve> in China. Bm the economic pres- 
sures for mcreasing trade with L hina are cnor- 
mous. and foreign policy officials have long 
argued over whether punishments merely make 
the Chinese more recalcitrant. 

Refleciina those conflicting factors. Presi- 
dent Clinton moved las; fall io what adminis- 
t ration officials called an “engagement suate- 
<r\." meant to encourage Bering to reform. Bui 
St the same lime. Mr. Clinton has repealed the 
warnings he made when he renewed trade pref- 
erences last spring that they would not be 
extended unless progress is seen on human 

The report praises China for w hat one senior 
official described .* "our intensive human 
right? dialogue with China" and signs of posi- 
tive developments" in each of ihe areas of 
concern, including the release of some promi- 
nent political prisoners and China s announce- 
ment that i: w» w illina t.i consider allowing tne 
Intemalionjl ConmvHee of ihe Red Lross to 
visit political prisoner. 

Mr. Christopher has been urged by some of 
his advisers to visit China a? early as March. 
Bui he has *aid privately that he would not do 
so without substantial improvement in Cluna s 
human righLs conduct. 


j, E run - 

S^Sf SKB^fegsSf!: 

- After 

-Safea ggS gS 

sMres of * wbedehaift w °th?rwse. 

Tbe bosmity toward the bainhca ^ed car ries 
echoes of the massive euthanasia 
' der the Naa regime, when thousands of phya- 
cdlV and mentally disrfvaht^ed Kjg® ™ 

nmfaered as part of an eflortto i^y 

A few..of the recent . attacks have beeiL ex- 

More than 100 police officers arescarchmB 
for the suspects and approximately ZOO rightist 
radicals have been questioned, Mr. Bergpr said. 
.Authorities are looking for two young men, 
aged 18 to 20, and a 15-year-old remale accom- 
plice. ■ • , 

The victim was treated at a hospital and 
released. Although initially too distraught to 
tatv u> investigatory flie snbseqnenuy helped 
the police draw a of 

Lackers, Mr. Berger 

,Jte sketch « the ai- 
The girl and her par- 

A lew ot ine rewaii attacks nave Lackers, Mr. wager saiu. i uc 

posed as frau^ by pinported victims secimg are under pohce protection, he said, 
synmaihy or insunmeei mpney-.A . . “Walter Franke, didrman of a ^ 0U P. t ^ t 
ririw^odamwdlQ ^ WlHSSSS monitors rights for the. handic^jed, told ihe 
^heccheek in Novemba 1592Tater adnntied fyrrmnn news agency DPA that six* attacks 

in net enees in rr — German news agency urn. u 

.Ns^BSaasiss Ms*a*r“ 

measuring nsugUy 4 by 3 (L5 by 

li inches) that “Will, be visible for quite a 
while.” a police, spokesman, K4d 

iSt^TObtiie durnces nre good that there 
wlfbe no permanoaL scar”. - ( ^ , 

I 1 KHUIIB 3 I - 1 r ' _ 

German news agency DPA that six* attacks 
“damage people's dignity and debase the Ger- 
man image abroad.” 

Wolfgang BOhmer, 'employment and social 
issues minis ter for the state of Saxony-Anhalt, 
said, “This crime reveals an incomprehensible 
degree of coldness and violence.” 

Tunnel Paved With Gold? 
Le Shuttle lists Its Fares 


The girt who was assaulted by skinheads. 
H« eyes were covered at her requesL 

By Erik Ipsen 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — The train that will start shut- 
tling cars and passengers under the English 
Channel between Dover and Calais this year 
will be surprisingly expensive, according to the 
Channel Tunnel operator's fare announcement 

Eurotunnel PLC, the operators or Le Shuttle, 
which is due lo start service May 8, announced 
round-trip Tares for a car and its passengers 
ranging from £220 {S3291 in the winter months 
to §10 in the peak period, normally July and 

But to lake advantage of the novelty value of 
the 50 -kilometer (31-roile) tunnel teiweerr Eng- 
land and France at its opening Le Shuttle 
announced that summer would come two 

China’s Prescription for Healthy Babies 

■ ■ -. . . , i„i« k the most supplements 10 prospecuvc mothers imClun 


dub : -?aS5»r5 M* fe.- 

-niA Tuesday it would <**!■*' •• Rnt the government warned of laws lor* 
bm on ■ -Qiitjcai arm ,. Sinn fetrt, m ^ - micnn abN ir gftrded as bong likely 

By Patrick E- Tyler 

. ' New York Times Senhx 

WUBAIHU, China —.The first new moon 
after the sun enters Aquarius, sanetime be- 
tween JtaL 21 and S». 19. is the Chinese 
New Year, and that is ihe traditional tune to 

Jani 23, 

• i 

Anfillcs : --Jj^®^ A Qtfor. Wpfiop 


300 or: Tomsio — 


3an. -Li. . ■ ■ nrcvent halt or more oi aii ncu^i .ua~.uv.~- 

li was na until the early 1980s, after a addition of folic acid, a B vitamin, to 

^ ^ K„ *. Ui 

. « J..TJ 1 •Irrw-nT VftBf 

defects, of which anencephaly is the rami 
catastrophic. Another form of neural tube 
defect is spina bifida, an open or exposed 
asine Although in many developed countries 
children bom with spina bifida may survive 
into adulthood, in China most of these in- 
fants are bom dead or die in the first year. 

Medical scientists now understand how to 
orcvenl half or more .if all neural lube defects 
with the tniir jt’ld n R vitamin, to 

the dieL 

C pm esemeoicBi aocmraa uw** 

to conceive a first cbOd came at a ume of y^" 

■when maternal nutrition, especially in num 
areas, was low in fresh fmits and vegetables. 

The result was birth defects. 

AUhough anecdotal evidence of tbe bum 
of *Vm naor” babies, a phrase that man* 

bram” and describes anencephaly, has B K _ Jm ocn^. ■» — • 7 - — ~.r " 

been known, the ioa deuce or this and other ^ping to supervise a Sl-million-a- 

oeural tube defects has only reeendy become IF J* m four Chinese provinces 

dear- "inH P fiOO villages. He vavs lhai the potential 

* It is now known that 80,000 lo lOOfl® j mv3 £t of a mass program to give folic add 
Chinese babies' a year are bora with such ™P“- 


An urgent program financed by the U.S. 
Centers Sr Disease Control and Prevention 
in Atlanta, in COOprtauon with t hina s . MJn- 
istry of Health and Beijing Medical Universi- 
ty k trying u» reduce the incidence of this 
defect over the ntxl several years by dtvpens- 
niillioas of relic acid pills. 

J Berrv. a physician at the U S. health 
• . ai«w>ivicp :i VI -million-a- 

supnlemcnts 10 prospective ™othcre inChina 
would be at least as greaL m terms of P^^' 
mg debilitating defects, as the mass vju^a- 
tion program against polio in the L site. 

“China has the highest inadnoe 
defects in the world.” Dr. 
wide, there are probably 200,000 w 300000 
oreanancies a year that have them. By com 
to China’s 80,000 to 100,000 cases, 
the United States has 2,000 to ^000. 

A farmer's wife in this northern Chma 
village last year gave birth to a 
Dovra a dirt path in the same vdlag; 
Xiuq'uig. 26. another farrocr s wife, who 
works during the day 

es in a local factory, hopes to conceive her 
first child in the new year. _ 

Her staple diet during the winier is boded 
or steamed cabbage, which contains little 

f °Since Ocl 1. she has been taking folk add 

See CHINA, Page 4 

months earlv ibis year, with peak fares being 

charged in May and June as welL 

“We arc totallv confident the prices we have 
put into the market arc right." Chnsiopher 
Garnett, Eurotunnel's commercial director, 
said at a news conference. _ . 

Bui the news of the highcr-ihan-expeaed 
fares — the predicted range or ticket pnees had 
been £ltO to £260 - cheered the lurmeU duef 
competitors, the operators of English Channel 

fe ^We are pleasantly surprised by their fares, 
said Sue Kirk, a spokeswoman for Siena s*a- 
Unk. one of the major ferry operator^ 

Siena Sealink. owned by Siena AB of Swe 
den, operates five 20.CXMon femes beweai 
Dover and Calais. It amwuncec new fares last 
week that are as much a* £10U lower than Le 
Shuttle’s —except on peaksummer days 
surcharges make tt £10 higher than Le Shuttle. 

Investors reacted to the fare announcement 
bv selling Eurotunnel shares on London s stock 
exchanae. driving the once down as much as 
pence to 599 at one pomf. it ended at b 10 pence. 

^°The fares announced Tuesday pertain onlyio 

the car drivers' and passengers' crossings be- 
tween the Enzlish and French port cities. Fares 
for the through train service between London 
and Paris and London and Brussels via the 
tunnel are due to be announced in the spnng. 
Because of delays in building the special rail 
cars required, that service i» not expected to 
begin unul July a! the earliest. 

Shortages of carriages also will plague Le 
Shuttle, which promises to whisk cars through 
the tunnel in 35 minutes. Mr. Garnett conceded 
that even by August, when Le Shuttle is due to 
be operating four trains an hour each way. some 
of them will be half the normal 24-camage 

length. , c . 

Because of this scarcity of capacity. Le shut- 
tle will not start carrying buses umii Sept. 3. 
after the peak tourist season ends 
Some analysis saw the shortage of rolUQg 
stock as ihe kev io Le Shuttle's surprisingly 
high fares. They- Slid Eurotunnel may have 

See FARES. Page 14 

Page 2 


Yeltsin Urges Calm 
In New Parlian^ent 

Little Fanfare as Legislature 
Opens in Makeshift Quarters, 


BerlinEages Odz^iisbipfor E^3es . 

• BJQUIN- (Reuters)— * A 'GcmKttLCouflL .nxled ’teday aU tbc> 

descendantsoF tcais of thousands af G^nnans — njamly-feW^-wbo' 
were driven into date by tbeNarisapdsnippcdof tfadf a] 

J jnow; courts had interpreted the law to mean that this right coaid' " 

bfr giveo only to the hhk_’ and dan^ttn of those strayed . 


Vtaor Kmmof 

Moscow police keeping a protester with a Soviet flag away from the btrikfing where the new Russian parfiameot was meting Tuesday. 

Yeltsin Takes On Lenin and His Heirs 

By Serge Schmemarm 

New York Times Service 

MOSCOW — In a report meant to strike a 
new blow at the memory of Lenin and to 
undermine latter-day Communists, President 
Boris N. Yeltsin has officially rehabilitated 
the victims of the deadly Bolshevik repression 
of the Kronstadt uprising of 1921. 

The uprising had a special place in Soviet 
history because the reoels were not ‘‘bour- 
geois reactionaries,'’ but revolutionary sailors 
and soldiers protesting the increasingly auto- 
cratic and repressive policies of the Bolshe- 

The Communists condemned them as a 
“counterrevolutionary conspiracy" and, act- 
ing on Lenin's orders, his war rommissar, 
Trotsky, crushed the uprising in a brutal 
assault followed by mass executions, deporta- 
tions and repressions. 

In his decree on Monday, Mr. Yeltsin de- 
clared that “in the interest of restoring his- 
torical justice*' he was rescinding the 1921 
order outlawing participants in the Kron- 
stadt uprising and declared illegal the repres- 

sive measures taken against them. He also 
ordered a memorial to the victims to be 
erected in Kronstadt. 

Mr. Yeltsin’s decree came on the eve of the 
first session of the new Russian parliament, 
and the president’s spokesman openly ac- 
knowledged that it was meant as a reminder 
to followers of the militant Communist bloc 
“to look at the bloody trail yon left and to 
draw a lesson.” There are reports that Com- 
munists plan to play a major obstructive role 
in the new paruameaL 

Although the finding s of the report by the 
President’s Commission for the Rehabilita- 
tion of Vic tims of Political Repression were 
not likely to surprise Western historians, the 
declaration that the suppression was illegal 
and unjust marked the first time Moscow has 
officially laid the generis of Soviet terror at 
the feet of Lenin, the hallowed founder of the 
Soviet state. 

Alexander N. Yakovlev, the new bead of 
Russian television, who is chairman of the 
commission, underscored that point at a 
Kremlin news conference: 

“All the repressions, camps, hostage- tak- 
ings, mass deportations, executions without 
trial, even the execution of children, were not 
invented by Stalin," he said. “He was just the 
Great Continuer of Lenin’s task. It aU began 
under Larin." 

A bastion of revolutionary ardor during 
the 1 917 Revolution, the soldiers, sailors, and 
workers of the Kronstadt garrison turned on 
the Bolshevik government in 1921, charging 
that it had usurped the revolution and was 
creating a new autocracy. Kronstadt is a town 
and naval fortress on Kotlin Island, 30 kilo- 
meters (18 miles) west of SL Petersburg. 

An an gr y demonstration on March 1, 1921, 
turned into a full-scale mutiny. 

Tunin, Trotsky, and others ordered the 
uprising crushed. The first assault failed and 
many soldiers defected to the mutineers. The 
second time, a Red Army force of about 
50,000 crushed the rebellion. 

Thousands of rebels fled across the ice to 
Finland but those who did not were either 
executed, deported or exQed to special con- 
centrarion camps in the far north, from which 
few returned 

By Fred Hiatt 
and Margaret Shapiro 

Washington Post Service 

MOSCOW — President Boris N. 
Yeltsin opened Russia's new par- 
liament on Tuesday with an appeal 
for ealffl and cooperation, but the 
fractions legislature’s first day in 
makeshift quartos presaged any- 
thing but smooth sailing. 

Mr. Yeltsin, whose confronta- 
tion with the previous parliament 
ended in a bloody battle in central 
Moscow in October, pledged to up- 
hold the new constitution and meet 
frequently with legislative leaders. 
He said Russia’s new bicameral 
parliament, elected Dec. 12, should 
usher in a new era of legality and 
compromise in Russian politics. 

But the dominant figure in the 
new lower house, or State Duma, 
was the id tranatioualist leader Vla- 
dimir V. Zhirinovsky, who swept in 
with a phalanx of bodyguards. By 
afternoon, Mr. Zhirinovsky was 
yelling for the police to maintain 
order »nd demanding that micro- 
phones be switchedoff after scores 
of deputies protested tbemcompe- 

tence of the temporary chairman- — 

Mitterrand Crazy, 
Zhirinovsky Says 


MOSCOW — The Russian ul- 
tranationalist Vladimir V. Zhiri n- 

ident Francois Mitterrand of 
France had gone mad for propos- 
ing possible air strikes in Bosnia. 

Mr. Z hirin ov sk y attacked a pro- 
posal by France and Britain to 
force Serbs to allow relief ffights to 
M uslim communities in Boania- 
Herzegovina. “Mitterrand’s pro- 
posal to bomb Bosnian cities is real 
fascism," he said. “Mitterrand, in 
his dotage, has gone crazy." 

Bedroom Scandals Plague Major’s ‘Back to Basics’ Program 

The Associated Press 

LONDON — Prime Minis ter John Major insisted Tues- 
day th«» his Conservative Party’s “back to basics" program 
would continue despite a growing number of scandals in- 
volving Conservative politicians. 

“Of course it is about good standards and good values,” 
Mr. Major said of his program. “What it is not about is a 
witch-hunt against individual transgressions." 

The prime minister spoke at a news conference in Brussels, 
where he was attending the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion summit meeting. 

The latest in a series of scandals involving the personal 
lives of Tory politicians came Tuesday with reports that the 
wife of Lord Caithness shot herself after an argument about 
her husband's alleged friendship with another woman. 

Diana Caithness. 40, was found dead Saturday in a 

bedroom of the couple's home at Chipping Norton, north- 
west of London. 

On Sunday, her husband quit his post as minister of state 
for aviation and shipping in Mr. Major’s administration. 

The Times of London said Tuesday that Conservative 
Party sources had confirmed a dose friendship between 
Lord Caithness, 45, and Jan Fitzal&n-Howard, a former 
secretary to Princess Anne. Mrs. Fitzalan-Howard is sepa- 
rated from her husband, a lieutenant colond in the army’s 
elite Royal.Scots Guards. 

On Monday, a Conservative legislator, David Ashby, 
confirmed reports that he spent the New Year holiday with a 
male friend in a French hotel and shared a bed with him, but 
denied a homosexual relationship. 

Mr. Ashby said be recently decided to separate from his 
wife, SQvana, after 28 years. But he returned home Monday 

and he and his wife said they hoped to resolve their differ- 

Mr. Major, whose Conservatives have a narrow 17-seat 
majority over all other parties combined in the 650-seat 
House of Commons, his campaign for a return to 

traditional values trader the slogan “back to basks" at his 
party’s annual convention in October. 

A week ago, Tim Yeo, the minister of state for the 
environment, confirmed he had fathered a child by his 
mistress, a local Conservative council wqman. Mr. Yeo re- 
mained with his wife bufSaid he was payifig drild support 

“As we go through (he next few weeks and mouths," Mr. 
Major said, “and people see the real substance of the 
program, what it is about for themselves and their lives, what 
it is expected to mean, that I behove the very warm initial 
reception that it had win be mai n t ain ed." 

Currency Reporting 
Takes a Legal Hit 

The Associated Press 


S Court made it harder on 
iy to convict people of vio- 
lating the federal currency-report- 
ing law. 

The court, ruling 5 to 4 in a case 
involving an Oregon couple, said 
prosecutors must prove that people 
charged with evading the law knew 
they were committing a crime. 

The high court reversed the con- 
victions of Waldemar and Loretta 
Ratzlaf of Portland, Oregon, for 
trying to pay a SI 60.000 gambling 
debt through multiple payments of 
less than $10,000 each. 

Federal Jaw requires banks to 
report all currency transactions of 
S 10,000 or more to the government. 
The 1986 Money Laundering Con- 
trol Act makes it illegal to organize 
payments in an effort to evade the 
reporting requirement. 

Not all currency structuring 
serves a blatantly improper goal. 
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote 
for the court. 


For Work. Utt »d teadaow 
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f (310) 471 -0306 
FAX: (310)471-6456 

CaS or vnte to ntomUM 
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Pacific Western University 

SCO N SeoufreOa Dept 22 
Los Angeles CA 90W9 

“Under the government’s con- 
struction an individual would com- 
mit a f dotty against the United 
States by making cash dqjosits in 
small doses, fearful that the balk’s 
reports would increase the likeli- 
hood of burglary, or in an endeavor 
to keep a former spouse unaware of 
his wealth,” she wrote. 

But Justice Harry A Blackmun 
wrote in dissent that “Waldemar 
Ratzlaf — to use an old phrase — 
will be laughing all the way to the 

Mr. Ratzlaf “was anything but 
uncomprehending as he traveled 
■ from bank- to bank converting his 
bag of cash to cashier’s checks in 
S9.500 bundles," Justice Blackmun 

The Ratzlafs were gamblers with 
lines of credit at 15 casinos in New 
Jersey and Nevada. In October 
1988, Waldemar Ratzlaf lost 
SI 60,000 while playing blackjack at 
a Nevada casino. 

The couple went to several banks 
in Nevada and California to buy 
cashier's checks or less than 
$10,000 each to pay the debt. 

The Internal Revenue Service 
began questioning the check pur- 
chases while investigating the cou- 
ple's tax payments. 

Waldemar Ratzlaf was convicted 
in federal court in Nevada of orga- 
nizing financial transactions to 
evade the currency-repotting re- 
quirement He and his wife were 
convicted or conspiracy and inter- 
state travel in aid of racketeering. 

U.S. Senators Firm on North Korea 

The Associated Press 

SEOUL — North Korea must pledge to re- 
nounce terrorism and halt missile sales and must 
resolve suspicions over its nuclear program before 
normalizing relations with the united States, a 
U.S. senator said Tuesday. 

The senator. Sam Nunn of Georgia, who is 
chairman at the Senate Armed Services Commit- 
tee, warned of the danger of a nud car-armed 
North Korea but said the problem must be han- 
dled without endangering peace on the Korean 

“North Korea must satisfy- all LAEA inspec- 
tions," Mr. Nunn said, referring to the Interna- 
tional Atomic Energy Agency. 

Senator Richard G. Liigar, a member of the 
Foreign Relations Committee, said that North 
Korea's compliance with an inter-Korea accord for 
a midear-free peninsula also was a prerequisite for 
improved ties between Washington and Pyong- 

The two senators left Tuesday for the United 
States after a four-day visit that included talks on 
nuclear and other security issues with President 
Kim Young Sam and other South Korean officials. 
They had visited Russia and Japan before coming 

The United States has no formal ties with North 

Korea, but has expressed a willingness to improve 
ties if the Communist North accepted full nuclear 

Mr. Nunn said the issue could be resolved satis- 
factorily if Japan, South Korea and the United 
States worked together in consultation with China 
and Russia. 

He said the North must allow inspections of its 
seven declared nuclear facilities as wed] as two sites 
that it has not declared as part of its nuclear 

U.S. officials believe that the two undeclared 
sites, adjacent to North Korea's main unclear 
complex of Yongbyon, 50 kflometets (30 miles) 
north of Pyongyang, are nuclear dump facilities. 
North Korea denies this. 

■ New Missile Reported 

The journal Jane’s Sentinel said Tuesday that a 
new North Korean missile, which can carry a 
nuclear warhead, has a range of up to 1,070 kilo- 
meters, although on a test fHgbt in May it covered 
only 530 kilometers, Reuters repeated. 

The military journal said the missile, called 
Rodong in Korean, is 15 meters (50 feet) long and 
similar in design to the Scud missile used by Iraq in 
the Gulf War. Its range would enable it to reach 
western Japan. 

Mexican Envoy Offers to See Rebels 


MEXICO CITY — Manuel Ca- 
macho Solis, appointed by the 
president to help end an 1 1 -day 
rebellion that erupted in southern 
Mexico, said Tuesday he was will- 
ing to talk with the armed rebels. 

“1 differ totally with their meth- 
ods, but it seems to me that they are 
a reality, and if we want to find a 
solution to the conflict, well have 
to speak with than," Mr. Camacho 

said at a news conference in Mexi- 
co City. 

He said he would travel Wednes- 
day to the conflict zone in the state 
of Chiapas to speak with the rebels, 
who call themselves the Zapatista 
National Liberation Army. 

The Zapatistas, a peasant rebel 
force of about 2,000, seized control 
of more than six Chiapas towns 
early Jan. 1, killing more than 100 
people. They said they were fight- 

ing to regain their homelands and 
topple the Mexican government, 

Tire rebels have since left most of 
the captured areas, but the state 
news agency Notimex reported 
Tuesday that they had retaken a 
small town east of San Cristobal de 
las Cams. 

h also reported that the array 
was preparing an offensive against 
400 guerrillas near the northern 
Chiapas town of El Bosque. 

a member of Mr. Zhirinovsky's 
party. . 

Both the Duma and. the upper . 
bouse, or Federation CounaVen- 
dured a measure of confusion — 
and a bomb threat'— =as they tried 
to establish ground rules in small 
chambers - fit-equipped for their . 
wort. The inadequate quartervthc : 
lack of pomp in tbefr opening 'cere- 
monies and the absence of lirc tele- 
vision coverage all reflected Mr. 
Yeltsin’s desire to play down the 
importance of the legislative 

The old parliament building, 
which was bashed and blackened 
by army tanks in the October: un T 
rest, has been lavishly refurbished, 
only to be claimed by Mr. Yeltsin's 
prime mmisier ana his cabinet/ 
Yeltsin aides have said the govern- 
ment will spend $500 milli on to 
build new quarters elsewhere for 
the parliament. 

As a result, the legislators me ion 
Tuesday across the street from the 
former padrament, in a high-rise 
office budding that once belonged 
to the trade councO of the Warsaw 
Pact, Comecon. The Federation 
Council met in even smaller quar- 
ters and had to vote by straw of 
hands because electronic voting 
machines have not yet been in- 
stalled. At one point, tbe<raundFs 
acting chairman had to leave the 
stage to fetch a chair for himself. 

Most deputies took such indigni- 
ties in stride, but many predicted a 
new confrontation between the 
president and the parliament, in the 
months ahead. Mr. Zhirinovsky's 
oltranationafists and. anti-rirform 
legislators from the. Communist 
and Agrarian parties ou.teumber 

pro- Yeltsin deputies in the Duma. 
Procedural votes cast Tuesday sug- 
gested that the anti-reform bloc is 
about 20 votes shy of a controlling 
majority in the 450-seat Duma. 

Tbe upper house, comprising 
mostly local and provincial offi- 
cials, is hkeb to act as a force for 
stability, blocking any extreme 
measures passed by the Diima; seyt 
eral deputies said. 

“I think relations between the 
president and the Federation 
Council will be. if not dose; then at 
least constructive,” said: Boris 
Nemtsov, an upper house deputy. 
“With the Duma, by att appear- 
ances, there will be conflict." 

■ The constitution gives parlia- 
ment little direct control over poli- 
cy, although it must approve Mr. 
Yeltsin’s budget. But Mr. Nemtsov 
and others said they feared that the 
legislature could achieve an imme- 
diate effot if Mr-Yeltsitidcwnedlt. 
politically necessary tojettisim re- 
formers from his cabinet. 

Prime Minister Viktor S- Cher- - 
nomyrdin, addressing the Duma on 
Tuesday morning while -Mr. Yeltsin 
spoke to. the Federation Council, 
premised an end to radical reforms 
and a new period of “stabiliza- 
tion-" Mr. Chernomyrdin has fre- 
quently voiced doubts about a poli- 
cy of rapid change, while Mr. 
Yeltsin's more radical advisers ray 
Russia's problems stem from not 
moving fast enough to dismantle 
the cumbersome and meffideot 
command economy. 

Mr. Yeltsin said that “coopera- 
tion should become the key de- 
ment of tbe relationship” between 
the legislative and executive 
branches. He urged all political 
forces to agree on die “full exclu- 
sion of violence from the country’s 
politics" and to stay away from 
revolutionary rhetoric and all-or- 
nothing politics. . 

Poll Shows Italy 
Leaning to Left 


ROME — A poll published 

Italian/ would vote for iSStpar- 
ties as President Oscar Luigi Seal- 
faro prepared to dissolve Italy’s 
scandal-stained Parliament and 
call eariy elections. 

The findings in the C1RM survey 
were likely to galvanize efforts by 
the splintered political center and 
right to unite in a challenge to the 
left in elections now expected in 
late March or ApriL 

Tbe newspaper La Repubblica 
said: “The key fact which emerges 
from the figures is this: A united 
left will win if the right stays divid- 

Political analysts believe Mr. 
Scalfaro will act by this weekend to 
dissolve the Parliament, whose le- 
gitimacy has been buried undo: the 
weight of a long-running corrup- 
tion scandaL 

MOGADISHU. Somalia (Rentas) — Somali 
Cal urn .Gardner,- a British, aid worker, unharmed in Mogadishu on* 
Tuesday after ai^24hooiSrOfDe^}tiatirais betwee n his empkyer.thei 
UN.Worid-Food Program, aticLa das elder. - v . 

. “He is oqt but be ts not physically yet "in tije office, said/GeBmo 
Londesaui, beadof the agency. “Heis an his way. I just spoke to him ty 
ratfio andhe is very wdl and in very goodiunnat" ■ 

: Mh Londesam declined .to. ray who had seized Mr. Gardnetor where 
be. had been freed. No faction or dan daimed responsibility for die. 
ki dnapping . •' •• : . •; : ‘v ;■* ... • . 

Isla^cGunmen BJllAlgeriii Official 

ALGIERS (AP) — Ifjfcmirrgnnmftn amhashed and killed a government 1 
official and his ahned escort itosday, state tdeviaon reported. / 

; Mohammed Belial, -prefect cf -tbe TtsSdnalt regkm ^SO. kilometors 
(175 miles) southwest of .the capital, was on his way tomspeetthetown of 
Youssoufia. Prefects are the mOitary^backed govanmeat’s top admrms- 
trative^offiends ineadiof .Algeria’s 26 departments. . 

Theaitadc coincided with the seboud anniversary of die jpsEtaiy coup; 
that halted parliamentary elections that fundamentalists were winning,, 
triggering the; revolt.. The size of Mr. Belial's escort was not disclosed m 
the report; witnesses said it included 10 poBce officers and soldiers. 

Afghan Factions Resume!^ ;• 

PESHAWAR, PaJtisum (Kcutere) — RiyalAfghau factions bombed: 

. ti 

fighting between forces loyal to President Burhamaddm Rabbairi and his 
opponents, led by General AbdnL Rashid pestanC an ex-Cknrimnmrt 
northern warlord,, and Prime MmisterGuftraddraHe^^ 

The UN spokesman said thr. fi |frting was Hkeiy to continue because- 
neither ride was in a position towm-Mrarerfum 10 ,OOO F^dpfehayerdi«r ; ; 
in battles for power m Kabul since General Dustam. defected. fo the,' . _■ 
mujahidin, wmbh^ enabled. the faction to topple the former Communist - 
adiumistratkm in 1992 and install an Islamic coalition government. '!'■![ 

SYDNEY (Reuters) — Fire fighters worked frantically Tuesday to. - .: 
contain several major bush fires anxmd Sydney ss forecasts of wanner-' ’ '. 
weather and stiffer winds raised fears that morefire storms could erupt;* / : 
“The weather tomorrow, Thursday and Friday js hot good, and the, 
weather oh Saturday is going to be bloody awful,” said Teny Griffiths,; - ; 
emergency services minis ter for die state of New South Wales. “Oil: .1' 
Saturday. we may go to heQ and back. again." :■ , } 

About 150 fires continued to blaze across the ittate on Tuesday: Four*, ’• 
people have been killed and more than 190 homes destroyed in the fires^ 
which have raged throughout New South Wales and Sydney’s northern 1 . | . 
and southern suburbs for two weeks. . 

Duchess of Kent to Become Catholic •;/“:* 

LONDON (AP).— The Duchess of Kent, one of the most popular.' t 
members of the royal family, announced Tuesday that die was leaving the j-.“ 
Church of England to beccnma Raman CatiMAc. - . V> 

‘ British law forbids the monArch— the head of the Grurchof Engton^ 

— .from being a Catholic or marrying a Catholic, but the duchess’s- 
derision raised no legal or constitutional issues. Her husband,- the Duk^ v’» 
of Kent, a cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, retains his position as 18th in ” • ' 
succession to the throne. hecanse the duchess, 60, was an AhgGcjmwherr - .■ .> 
they mamaiin 196L ^ V - . » n i nririli^ ^ 

IpersGtffilh^^ ISSeSlMKcfi®: the > J 

-Church of England- 

Honduran Military Boasts of Killings 

TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras (AFE) — The Honduran nnht&ry ha»“;l-:| 
confirmed tbit it abductedand raded 184 suspected Itftisttin fhe 1980s; * - 
raying it was proud of its performance *Tn the context of the Cold War. , • .' ■ * 
r Aboot bO members of the Armed Forces High Council also 

full confidence in their embattled chief, General Luis AIOns^Discna^’ 
ble for the crimes. ... 

The council accepted the findings of (he report ert tee politically 
motivated killings issued last month by a human rights ombudsman. Leo 
Valladares. But it said that tee so-called disappearances “cannot and 
must tiot be analyzed in a radical way, outside tbe idephjgka], political; 
and epetaonric context that characterized^ the Cold War;" - - 

iCoiroctioii : 

Beca us e of an editing error, a New York limes article in the Jan. 6 
editions mcorfectly stated the financial year of Toyota Motor Carp. Hid 
company’s financial year ends June 30. 


Crews Try to Dike Flooded Rhone 

PARIS (AP) — Helicopters and dozens of work crews dumped 
hundreds of sandbags and concrete blocks Tuesday into the Rhone River 
to dike tee swollen waterway, which threatens towns in the Camargue 
lowlands of southern France. 

In tee nearby Vauduse, 600 fire fighters and about 100 Foreign 
Legionnaires cleared debris and brought supplies to residents of tbe 
region, where flooding forced 6,000 people from their homes. 

The Safae River, rising at one centimeter (.40 incites) per hour, forced 
the closure of southbound traffic era the main Paris-Lyou highway at 
Maoon. In Paris, the Seine stabilized, but lower elevations of the caphaTi- 
qoays remained flooded. - . -r- 

A limited test of smoke-free international fHgbts will be conducted by . 
United, AirOnes from March l to Sept. 30 and may be extended to all of 
Uurted's 200 daily international flights if it proves popular. United will 
prohibit smoking cm one of its two daily round-trips between New York 
and London. Smoking also will be harmed on the daily fli ghr &nm Los 
Angeles to Auckland, New Zealand and Melbourne, a journey of. 6,504 
miles (10500 kilometers) that lasts* 12 hours 50 mm-ntes f Bloomberg) 

lii an effort to hrijp end Bangkok’s traffic jams, a high-powered citizens* 
group was begun Tuesday. Its chairman is Anand Panymachun, who was 

TTnMi„„^ , 2 j prijQg minister in 1991 and 1992. ■ . ' A 4 i>j 

I H* 

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Support for President Stays Finn 

ARLINGTON, Virginia — President BID Clinton's standing with 
tbe public has remained firm in recent weeks despite allegations that 
he was unfaithful to his wife when he was governor of Arkansas, 
acoordmg to a nationwide pot! published Tuesday. 

The survey also found that Americans were almost evenly divided 
on whether an independent counsel should investigate Mr. Oimon’s 
involvement in an Arkansas real-estate deal. 

Of t hose surveyed in the USA Today-CNN-GaDup poll, 47 
percent said that enough already had been done to investigate the 
i Whitiwater Development Corn, deal, while 45 percent said an 
lixMtoendctt counsel was needed. Whitewater was a project for 
■vacation homes in Arkansas in which Mr. Clinton, his wife, Hillary, 
■aad the head of a now-defunct savings and loan had invested. 

‘Nearly three in four people surveyed said they were unsure 
Whether Mr. Clinton bad done anything wrong in the deal, while 15 
pfeneat said they believed he had done nothing wrong, and 12 
percent said they believed he had. 

The president has denied wrongdoing, and no allegations have 
been made against fifm. 

In the poD, 54 percent approved Mr. Clinton's job performance, 
the same as in mid-December. The number who said they bad a 
favorable opinion of Mr. Clinton rose to 62 percent, from 55 percent 
in November. In the same time period, those who rated Mr. Clinton 
as honest and trustworthy declined from 54 percent to 49 percent. 

'While 29 percent said they believed allegations that Mr. Clinton 
hid had extramarital affairs while he was governor, 6 in 10 said that 
it was not relevant to his ability to serve as president 

In the poll, which has a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 
three percentage points. 1,023 adults were surveyed by telephone 
Thursday through Saturday. (AP) 

Under Clinton, a How-Look Federal Judiciary 

^W ASHINGTON — President Gin ton is changing the look of the 

„ his first year in office, more than half of Mr. Clinton’s 
fiotemees for federal judgeships were women or members of racial 
-add ethnic minorities, a proportion dramatically higher than during 

its Reagan and Bush named white men to 82 percent of the 
available judgeships in their combined 12 years in office. In contrast, 
39 percent of Mr. Clinton’s first 48 nominees were white men. 

unlike the elected branches of government, the federal judiciary 
remains the province mostly of white men. Among the 837 federal 
judges, 5 percent are black and about 10 percent are women. Among 
Mi. Gin ton's judicial nominees so far. 23 percent are black, 35 
pdeent are women and 6 percent are Hispamcs. {LAI) 

Nfflow Republicans Do Bush’s Dirty Work 

ATLANTA — Former President Bush does not want to criticize 
Bill Clinton. Wouldn't be prudent. Wouldn't be nice. 

And hasn't been necessary, thanks to other Republicans. 

“I vowed when I left the White House that I would not criticize 
our president for a while," Mr. Bush said this week. “The beauty is, 
others don't feel that way." (AP) 


Quote /Unquote 

Andrew Natans, special humanitarian envoy to Somalia under 
Mr. Bush, on the effectiveness of sanctions in Haiti and the former 
Yugoslavia: “Sanctions are an easy way for the State Department to 
avoid action that might reaDy count in a complect crisis. In that sense, 
they are worse than doing nothing. They are a cop-out” (Reuters) 

May From Politics 


f JUAN SPILL — Cleanup of oil coatioumg in front of a 
hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico. As an mqtnry 
tyened, the Coast Guard said Tuesday it would take most of 
toother day to empty all ofl from a barge that hit a reef. 

•<Sab*ay riders accustomed to panhandlers' pleas are hearing a new 
appeal from New York transit officials asking them not to give. 
Announcements echoed through the public address system and 
passengers received fliers saying: “Don’t give to the lawbreakers on 
the subway. Give to charities that help people in need." The Transit 
Authority said it would threaten “incorrigible" beggars with jaiL 

• A Mown tire caused a fire in the landing gear of a Continental 
Annes jet as it touched down at Denver’s Stapleton International 
Airport Three people suffered minor injuries exiling the plane. 

d A Rfenun CatboBc iBocese has paid at least $3.2 nnffioa to 19 meii 
sod women since 1990 to settle complaints of sexual abase against 
rate priests. The Philadelphia Inquirer reported. The most recent 
payments by the Camden, New Jersey, diocese, totaling S 1.8 million, 
wot made in October to 15 adults who accused priests of molesting 
them when they were children, the newspaper said. 

• ttwdken and bus drivers wbo use radar detectors face a crackdown 
by the Federal Highway Administration starting this month. A law 
befitting Such use of radar detectors takes effect Jan. 20. 

• X ,T<ohmtary rating system for cable television programs would be 
dfcmbped under an agreement in principle reached by industry 
1 representatives that also envisages an outside monitor for violent 
cob tent Sources said the agreement was very preliminary. 


Clintons Trip Up 
Their Spin Doctors 

Resistance to Inquiry Into Land Deal 
Stymies Efforts to Control the Debate 

By Gwen Ififl 

New York Tima Service 

House officials and advisers who 
shape the administration’s public 
image have beat hobbled in then- 
effort to control debate over the 
Clintons* involvement in 
Whitewater Development Coip. by 
the president and his wife, who 
have resisted internal calls for fur- 
ther investigation. 

While President Bill Clinton 
traveled to Arkansas to bury his 
mother and then left for his first 
presidential trip to Europe, his 
aides were meeting twice a day, 
appearing on television and trying 
to answer new questions about the 
Clintons' role in the Arkansas real 
estate deal from 1978 to 1984. 

But while White House officials 
conceded in interviews that the 
public debate over Whitewater had 

in ton and his wife, Hillar y, con- 
tinue to maintain that they OWE 

explanations to no (me because 
they did nothing wrong. 

So aides plan a counteroffensive 
combining indignation, sugges- 
tions that the Curiums might give 
more information and charges that 
questions about Whitewater are 
politically motivated. 

But their position has been erod- 
ed by defections within their own 
party. On Monday, aides to three 
Democratic senators — Charles S. 
Robb of Virginia, Russell D. Fein- 
gold of Wisconsin and Bill Bradley 
of New Jersey — said the senators 
had joined the call for the appoint- 
ment of a special counsel. 

A day earlier, another Demo- 
cratic senator. Daniel Patrick Moy- 
nihan of New York, made a stmOar 
statement, joining leading Republi- 
cans indudmg Senator Bob Ewe of 
Kansas, the minority leader. 

“There should be only one goal 
in this matter to get afl the facts 
out,” Mr. Bradley said in a state- 
ment “The best way to do that 
would be to act under the provi- 
sions of an independent counsel 
law. In the absence of such a law, I 
believe this goal can best be 
achieved by the appointment of a 
special prosecutor, provided that 
the allegations meet the threshold 
test under the law.” 

Such criticism from Clinton sup- 
porters has clearly undercut the ac- 
cusation that all questions about 
Whitewater are politically motivat- 
ed. Along tiie way, the usually 
speedy White House damage-am- 
trol operation has been rendered 
virtually ineffective. 

The affair centers on the Clin- 
tons’ partnership in Whitewater 

Development, a vacation-home de- 
velopment in northern Arkansas, 
with James B. McDougal, the pro- 
prietor of a failed Arkansas savings 
and loan institution, and his wife, 
Susan. The Justice Department is 
investigating whether the institu- 
tion, Madison Guaranty Savings 
and Loan, improperly tunneled 
money into Whitewater or into Mr. 
Gin ton’s 1984 campaign for gover- 
nor of Arkansas. 

Last week, David R. Gergen. the 
counselor to the president, ac- 
knowledged on CNN that he did 
not know the answers to all of the 
questions on tire matter. 

George Stepbanopoulos, a senior 
Clinton adviser, was soon echoing 
Mr. Gergen 's frustration, even 
though be denied that the Gin tons 
had been less than forthright 

“There are examples, such as in 
this case, where there is incomplete 
documentation," Mr. Stepnano- 
poulos said as he tried to answer 
why the Clintons never claimed as 
a loss on their income tax returns 
the $69,000 they have said the 
Whitewater deal cost than. 

“We’re answering as best as we 
can," he said. “We're getting all the 
documents we can. We're trying to 
reconstruct something that hap- 
pened a long time ago." 

The White House defense, as ex- 
pressed by Vice President A1 Gore, 
Mr. Gergen, Mr. Stepbanopoulos 
and Bruce Lindsey, all senior pces- 
dential aides, is mostly offense. To- 
gether with Harold M. Ickes, the 
deputy chief of staff brought in to 
shepherd the president’s health- 
care proposal through Congress, 
they nave developed three primary 
thanes to cope with the continuing 

The first is that the Gin tons have 
done nothing wrong, which is re- 
peated with emphasis by Dee Dee 
Myere, the press secretary, and oth- 

The second is that a special pros- 
ecutor is not needed. The standard 
of alleged criminal wrongdoing has 
not been met, both Mr. Gore and 
Attorney General Janet Reno have 
said, although Ms. Reno has left 
the door open to appointing such 
an investigator should Congress re- 
vive the law that created the posi- 
tion of independent counsel 

Finally, the White House con- 
tends that Washington is 
Mrs. Clinton, Mr. Gergen and Mr. 
Gore have insisted that the ques- 
tions about Whitewater are purdy 
political jn natifre'and the fruit of 
jealousy. Mr. Gore and Mr. Gergen 
suggested that it was particularly 
inappropriate to question Mr. Gin- 
ton on the matter so soon after his 
mother’s death last week. 

Slow Death in the Irradiated Desert 

By Michael Janofsky 

New Yak Tima Service 

WASHINGTON, Utah — A 1955 US. 

it brochure distributed to people 
near the midear weapon test ate in the 
Nevada desert greeted readers with the 
words, "You are m a very real sense active 
participants in the nation's atomic lest pro- 

That pan of the program, atmospheric 
testing, ended in 1963. Vet many wbo still live 
in the area consider themselves as “active" as 
ever, victims of the Cold War and survivors of . 
decades of disease and death that they are 

certain were caused by exposure to radioac- 
tive faSoDL 

They are known as the down winders be- 
cause their homes were in the path of prevail- 
ing winds fanning east from the test site, 
through Nevada towns like Calieme, Ash 
Springs and Piocbe and into northern Arizo- 
na, southwestern Utah and beyond. 

They are people like Arlene Dam 38, a 
mother of three boys who grew up in Cedar 
Gty, Utah, and later moved 50 miles (80 
kilometers) south to Washington, a town of 
3,000 people. 

As a child, Mrs. Davis joined her family in 
backyard picnics to watch the giant plumes erf 
colored clouds from explosions dance over 
the hills, a vision they sainted as a symbol of 
American vigilance and might. 

Today, she said man interview, she consid- 

ers herself lucky to have survived breast can- 

While it may be imposable to quantify the 
number of people affected by radiation expo^ 
sure since tne first open-air nudear explosion 
in Nevada on Jan. 27, 1951, they have drawn 
limited attention from the federal govern-., 
merit. • 

satkm Aot wealed a trust fund to compensate 
those people, or their survivors, T^MSe cancer 
was determined to have been caused by radia- 
■ tion. 

But with narrow criteria for qualificatkm. 
and just $200 million available, many down- 
winders have grown embittered by what they 
regard as an inadequate government re- 
sponse. ‘ , 

Expressions of sympathy from Energy Sec- 
retary Hazel R. O'Leary arid promises by the 
Qinton administration to investigate reports 
of goyexnmem-sanctioned medical radiation 
e xperim e n t! after World War n have soft- 
ened attitudes made callous by so many years 
of family devastation. 

“They could never, ever compensate me 
enough,” said Claudia Peterson, 38, of Sl 
G eorge, Utah, a friend of Mrs. Davis’s and a 
mother who lost her 6-year-old daughter, 

. Bethany, and a 37-year-old sister to cancer. 

“I can't dose my eyes and think about my 
daughter without it physically tearing my 
heart out," she said “And I'm just one story. 

What’s so sad is that mine is no different than 
my neighbor's or someone down the street’s. 

The downwinders' dismay has been height- 
ened by the ti ght eligibility requirements of 
the. 1990 k^riation 

With compensation available for 13 lands 
of cancer, the Justice Department had ap- 
proved 818 of 1,460 claims, or 56 percent, 
through last week. Mrs. Davis was one person 
who qualified, gaining the maximum award 
of $50^)00, which covered most of her medi- 
cal bilk. But all that means, she said, was that 

she was. “lucky enough to have the right 

Cancer of the stomach, esophagus and 
pancreas, among others, also qualified, but 
because Bethany Petersen died of a nervous- 
system cancer, which is a type of cancer not 
covered by the legislation, her parents have 

no more than suspicion that her Alness was 
caused by radiation -exposure. 

In their lawsuits charg in g the government 
with negligence or with failure to warn people 

of the risks of radiation exposure, the down- 
winders have prevailed in court only once. 
In 1984, a Salt Lake Gty Court found that 

tion because the government bad faded to 
warn of the consequences of exposure. 

But the dedaon was reversed three years 
lata when an appeals court in Denver ruled 
that the government had taken adequate 
steps to protect people in the area. 

Radio Free Europe Chief Quite Over Plan to Move 

By John M. Goshko 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — William W. 
Marsh, president of Radio Free 
Europe/Radio Liberty, has re- 
signed after three months in office 
to protest what he fears will be a 
decision to move die U ^.-financed 
radio stations from their long-time 
headquarters in Munich to Prague. 

In a letter to the Board for Inter- 
national Broadcasting the inde- 
pendent parent organization of the 
stations, Mr. Marsh said his resig- 
nation was “a direct consequence 
of the board's dissatisfaction with 
my expressed reservations regard- 
ing a transfer of RFE/RL's broad- 
cast operations to Prague.” 

His letter on Monday appeared 
to reflect a belief that the board, 
headed by Daniel A. Mica, a for- 
mer Democratic representative 
horn Florida, is leaning toward ac- 
cepting the invitation of the Czech 
Republic's president, Vaclav Ha- 
vel, to move to the braiding in 
Prague once occupied by the 
Czechoslovak federal legislature. 

However, sources said the board 
did not intend to make a decision 

until it received the results of a 
study by an accounting firm on the 
financial implications of moving to 

In hui resignation letter, Mr. 

Marsh said be was concerned that 
the costs of moving the radios 
would place too great a strain on 
rinar budgets. In addition, he said, 
“many if not most of our most 

dedicated and talented employees" 
would refuse to relocate to Prague, 
thereby damag in g staff morale and 
reducing the quality of the news 
and cultural-affairs programming. 

Hie U.S. & Foreign Commercial Service is sponsoring a complimentary seminar on 

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ExrMaid Says Jackson 
Was Naked With Boys 

By Jim Newton 

Los Aitgda Times Service 

LOS ANGELES — Michael 
Jackson routinely shared his bed 
with young boys, kept a hidden 
closet containing photographs of 
children and instilled a security 
system to alert him whenever any- 
one approached his bedroom, ac- 
cording to former employees inter- 
viewed as part of a lawsuit brought 
by a 13-year-old boy wbo says the 
entertainer molested him. 

Partial transcripts of those depo- 
sitions were filed Monday in Los 
Angeles County Superior Court as 
part of a motion brought by the 
boy’s lawyer. The attorney argued 
that be should be given access to 
Mr. Jackson's financial records be- 
cause there was a “substantial 
probability” that his client would 
win his lawsuit. 

Also included was a declaration 
from the boy, wbo repeated the 
allegations be made to the police 
and social workers last summer. 

The transcripts and other legal 
documents filed Monday provide 
the basis of the boy’s lawsuit, de- 
tailing the evidence for the first 
time and summarizing the civil case 
against the pop star. They include 
sworn depositions from the singer’s 
chauffeur, former maids and a for- 
mer secretary. 

The boy's attorney, Lany R. 

Fridman, said that there was “sub- 
stantial direct and circumstantial 
evidence” that his diem had been 
“sexually molested by Jackson.” 

Howard Weitzman, one of the 
lawyers representing Mr. Jackson, 
said the portions of the transcripts 
filed by Mr. Fddman misrepre- 
sented the depositions. 

Among the partial transcripts at- 
tached to Mr. Fridman’s motion 
are long excerpts from the sworn 
testimony of Blanca Francia, a for- 
mer Jackson maid who has spoken 
to the police and given newspaper 
and television interviews. Her 
statements in her Dec IS. deposi- 
tion were her first given under oath. 

Ms. Francia worked for Mr. 
Jackson for five years be ginning in 
1986. In her deposition, she de- 
tailed a number of instances in 
which she said she saw the enter- 
tainer naked or partly dothed with 
young boys. 

South Africa Cave-In Kalla 9 

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missing in a cave-in late Monday at 
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ground near CariionvDle, South 

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Page 4 


Vatican Sees 

/I • X\ « • G • T 1 T»WVt«* 

Gnm Discovery m Sn Lanka Cowrdkeon 

Graves May Hold Remains of 48 Youths Yugoslavia 

By Molly Moore 
and John Ward Anderson 

Washington Pott Service 

SURIYAKANDA, Sri Mn ka — High on a 
cloud-shrouded mouniainiop in southern Sri Lan- 
ka, the authorities have discovered two mass 
graves filled with the skulls and bones of dozens of 
bodies that many local residents believe may be 
evidence of one of the most brutal government 
crackdowns in tins island nation’s history. 

Hundreds of local townspeople have coavetged 
on the graves, convinced that the skeletons and 
tattered clothing pulled from the burial site are 
those of some of the 48 schoolboys and young men 
allegedly abducted by government death squads 
four years ago. The grave was uncovered last week 
after a tip from an unidentified informant who 
said that as many as 300 bodies were buried along 
the mountain summit, just yards from two heavily 
guarded state-owned communications and televi- 
sion towers. 

Mothers, fathers and siblings sobbed and wailed 
as the grave diggers lifted skulls with dirty rags still 
Lied across mouths and eye sockets, the soiled 
orange robe of a monk and the blue shorts of a 
schoolboy, according to witnesses who helped re- 
cover the first bones, found Jan. 3. 

Sistira Kumara Gunaratne, 54, said he screamed 
in anguish as a grimy orange and brown striped 
cloth was pulled from the red clay hole. “It’s the 
sarong ray son was wearing the night they took him 
away," he recalled shouting. “I could not believe 
ray eyes." 

The unearthing of the graves — the first mass 
burial site of apparent civilian casualties found on 

the island — has reopened wounds from Sri Lan- 
ka's 1 1-year civil war. Human rights activists and 
political and military analysts estimate that be- 
tween 30,000 and 40,000 people died in the con- 
flict. most between 1987 and 1990. when govern- 
ment security forces, organized as death squads, 
reportedly roamed the south of the island kilting 
members of a pro-Go mmunis t Sinhalese group 
that sought to topple the government. 

The discovery of the mass grave came as human 
rights groups voiced concerns about new crack- 
downs on minority ethnic groups and the nation's 
news media, renewing fears of widespread human 
rights abuses. 

Tens of thousands of young men were abducted 
and presumably killed between 1987 and 1990. 
including the 48 young men from the nearby town 
of Embifipitiya. 

In one school alone. 20 teenagers were reported- 
ly abducted, prompting a United Nations investi- 

gation to allege that the school's principal had 
supplied the victims' names to the army. Accord- 
ing to published reports, the principal targeted 
several pupils because they had teased his son. 

Two days of excavation on the mountain have 
unearthed the skulls and skeletons of about 30 men 
and youths. Local authorities said many more 
remains were likely to be uncovered. 

In the past few weeks, h uman rights organiza- 
tions have criticized the government for indis- 
criminate detention of members of the Tamil eth- 
nic group living in the capital Colombo; for 
imposing emergency laws on the news media that 
ban publication or broadcast of anything critical 
of the president; and for taking a new hard-line 
stance against separatist guerrillas engaged in civil 
war in the northern and eastern sections of the 
country, where the militant Liberation Tigers of 
Tamil Eelam want to establish a homeland. 

“It has been the accepted wisdom for over ayear 
that the human rights situation in Sri Lanka has 
been on the mend,'* a Sri l-ankan rights group 
reported. “But recent developments bring out the 
deceptive nature of this position.” 

Government officials argue that President Din- 
giri Banda Wjjetunga, whose predecessor, Rana- 
singhe Premadasa, was assassinated in May by a 
suicide bomber widely believed to be a member of 
the Liberation Tigers, has good cause for the 
crackdowns. Government investigators say they 
have discovered evidence of Liberation Tiger hit 
squads operating in Colombo, and the Tiger lead- 
ership has threatened to increase the tempo of its 
war in the north. 

While Mr. Wijetunge generally has a reputation 
for running the government less hardily than Mr. 
Premadasa. some observers fear the government 
could easily resort to the brutal crackdowns of the 

“It was the governing style of the previous 
president to use physical force," said Lutien Raja- 
kanraanayake. a journalist who heads the Free 
Media Movement, which recorded 52 attacks on 

Agatce France- Prase 

can condemned the international 
community Tuesday, saying it had 
acted In a criminally negligent 
manner by failing to help end the 
war in the forma Yugoslavia. 

In a letter to Roman Catholic 
bishops preceding the Jan. 23 
world day of prayer for peace in the 
Balkans, the Vatican’s Council fa 
Justice and Peace said Europe was 
“dying” and that a collective lack 
of action was “the most shameful 

*lt is a crime of failing to help by 

letting people kill each other and to 
wait tor a peace that would repre- 

wait tor a peace that would repre- 
sent the rotten fruit of exhaustion 
or the crushing of one side by the 
other,” the council said. 

It added that the Vatican was 
optimistic that “peace is possible in 
the Balkans” on condition that 
“the international community, at 
all levels, has the courage to fully 
take on its responsibility to have 
human rights, humanitarian rights 
and international rights respected.” 

The letter said that at “this cru- 
cial hour of negotiations,” the in- 
ternational community must not 
try to resolve the minority issues in 
the forma Yugoslavia by allowing 
for the expulsion, displacement or 
the eradication of people. 

By R. W. Apple Jr. 

<Vew Ycrk Tima Service 

PRAGUE — Members of the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion voted unanimously but with 
varying degrees of conviction on 
Tuesday for a broader but still 
highly conditional plan for the use 
of air strikes in the war in Bosnia- 

Combining a British and French 
initiative with an American one, 
the alliance once again threatened 
to call in air strikes to save Saraje- 

In a new departure, it also decid- 
ed to study what steps it could take, 
inducting air strikes, to relieve Ca- 
nadian peacekeeping troops 
trapped at Srebrenica, in northern 
Bosnia, and to reopen the airstrip 
at Tuzla, in central Bosnia. 

No air strikes are likely before 
next month at the earliest, officers 
at NATO headquarters said, and 
some officials voiced fears that the 
new threats, like earlier ones, 
would prove to be mere words 
without weight. 

President Bill Clinton acknowl- 
edged that NATO had vowed in 
August to use air pew® to prevent 
the strangulation of Sarajevo, yet 
had done nothing as the noose grew 
steadily tighter around the Bosnian 

He said he sensed that several 
members “are more prepared to 
deal with this than they were in 
August,” but conceded that differ- 

ences remained. Mr. Clinton also 
said he did not know how many 
NATO members would support air 
strikes when the crunch came. 

“It depends largely cm what the 
Bosnian Serbs do." Mr. Clinton 

said at a news conference Following 
a two-day NATO snmmit meeting 
in Brussels. 

Lat e Tuesday afternoon, Mr. 
Qmton arrived in Prague, where he 
was to meet meet with leaden of 
the East European nations whose 
i mm edia t e admission to NATO he 
opposed while- holding out the 
prospect of eventual membership. 

welcomed to the strains of a 
symphony by Lcos Janacek. Mr. 
Clin ton walked later with President 
Vaclav Havel across the medieval 
Charles Bridge. • 

Still later Tuesday night - the 
ptaynght-turoed-prestdent escort- 
ed his guest, the lifelong politician, 
into the university quarter where 
the anti-Commumst revolution erf 
1989 found its earliest supporters, 
and the two sat down in a pub to 
drink a beer or two. 

All in afl, it was a gratifying day 
for Mr. Clinton, as NATO accept- 
ed most of his proposals, but nag- 
ging doubts wing to his accom- 

“There is no more doubt about 
the United States mid North Amer- 
ican commitment to Europe,” de- 
clared Manfred Warner, the 
NATO secretaiy-geoeraL “I think 
everyone was impressed by the 

strong leadership, resolve and per- 
sonal conviction of the A mer i can 
president”, . . ... . . ■ 

But Mr. W5raer sotmdcd a wist- 
ful note abont the chances of deci- 
sive NATO action in Bosnia. 

“The instrument is there,” , he 
.said. “The *nain thing still is the 
pdatical wifl.” 

To winch Mr, Clinton replied at 
a lata appearance: “Well .see if 
our resolve is there. My resolve j$ 
there. That's all 1 can tdiyoo.” 
likewise, there was some doubt 
about the meaning of the Partner- 
ship for Peace,; the program under 
Much nonmembers — especially 
Poland, the Czech Republic and 
Hungary — will move into closer 
relations with NATO. 

. us. offiraak insisted tUnt there 
had been no pledge, implicit or 

. .Bm Prime Minister John Major 
of Britain said the NATO members 
had taka steps that “could lad" 
to new members bet would not 
necessarily do so. Before that could 
happen, be added^ prospective 
members had “mach wcHi to da" 

On Bosnia, according to Ameri- 
can officials who briefed report® 
in Brussels, a deal was eventually 
struck after ranch ha g gling ova 
dimer bn Monday night. 

Hie United Stales scented a 
British- French plan to ask NATO 
to study how to ensure that the 
Canadians in Srebrenica could be 
relieved by Dutch troops, and to 
by to reopen the. airstrip at Tuzla 
for the delivery of refitf snppfies. In 
return, tbe Americans got a reitera- 
tion of die pledge bn Sarajevo. 



they were attacked. Bnt Mr. 
Warner said bn Monday that “we 
shall not leave you alon&” 

On die central question, that of 
expansion, the final c onramnig nb 
said the allies “expect and would 
welcome NATO expansion that 
would reach to deznoaaiic states to 

A sm 'o r Clinton administration 
official, speaking en route from 
Brussels to Prague, said that Mr. 
Clinton would tell East European 
leaders on Wednesday that “it is 
now a question not of whether but .. 
when and how” NATO would take 7 
them in as new members. 

■ New Casuahksm Sarajevo 

The New York Times reported 
from Sarafcm: _ 

ArtiBejy exchanges drew new 
blood in the besieged Bosnian capi- 
tal Tuesday and ail exploding rock- 
et prompted UN officials to dose 
the rityVaizpprt for the seventh- 
straight day. 

The sheffing of Sar^evo by rebel 
Serbs kilted six dvilinns, inouding 
a 9-year-old gid and wounded at 
least 40 more, hospital and morgue 
officials said. Bosnian Serbian 
Army sources said three civilians 
had been kiBed Tuesday in Muslim 
artarfpt on the Sabian-bdd dis- 
tricts of Grbavica and Lukavjca. 


UKRAINE: Pact May Be Delayed 

Continued from Page 1 

journalists in Sri f-anira between March 1992 and 
March 1993 under Mr. Premadasa. “This eowm- 

March 1993 under Mr. Pr emadasa. “This govern- 
ment uses rules to intimidate and curb you more 

than itliumAel „ Jll i_ .*• *» 

Ukraine reincorporated into a 
greater Russia. 

than physical force, but they will resort to it” 
Mr. Wijetunge also quickly dashed hopes that he 

(“I believe President Kravchuk 
will honor the deal" Mr. Clinton 

would be more accommodating than bis predeces- 
sor in trying to negotiate a settlement to the civil 
war. He has argued that tbe conflict is about 
terrorism, not ethnic disputes, and that it calls for a 
military rather than a political solution. 

About 74 percent of the island’s 17.5 million 
people are Sinhalese, 18 percent are Tamils, and 7 
percent are Muslims. 


You con now receive the IHT hand delivered to your 
home or office every morning on the day of publication. 
Just call us toll free at 01 30 84 85 §5 

will honor tbe deal" Mr. Clinton 
said Tuesday, according to The As- 
sociated Pros in Brussels. “They’ve 
already started to dismantle the 


[“This agreement guarantees 
compensation for Ukraine for their 
enriched u ranium, " be added. Con- 
sultations continue, be said, on 
“tbe question of Ukraine’s security 
— military-political economic, so- 
cial and ecological." 

[“As the details became known," 
Mr. Clinton said, “there wiO be 
more support for it”] 

Administration officials travel- 
ing with Mr. Clinton suggested that 
Mr. Kravchuk might be able to 
carry out tbe agreement without 
going through parliament Such a 
move, however, risks provoking a 
major political confrontation, and 
Mr. Kravchuk in the past has been 
eager to avoid that. Mr. Kravchuk 


made no comment Tuesday on Mr. 
Clinton’s announcement 

In an effort to bolster Mr. Krav- 
chuk politically and induce him 
into supporting the pact Mr. Clin- 
ton has added an airport stopover 
in Kiev Wednesday to his itineraiy. 
Afta meeting briefly with the 
Ukrainian leader Mr. CHnton will 
travel on to Moscow for two days 
of meetings with Mr. Yeltsin. The 
three men are set to get together to 
sign tbe accord on Friday. 

Mr. Kravchuk has had to post- 
pone two official visits to the Unit- 
ed States because of U.S. displea- 
sure with Ukraine’s failure to live 
up to tbe nonnuclear pledge made 
when the Soviet Union collapse. 

In addition to Russia and 
Ukraine, the ex-Soviet republics of 
Belarus and Kazakhstan were left 
with warheads. But both have stock 
by pledges to give than up and 
leave Russia as the sole inb enter of 
tbe Soviet nuclear arsenal. Mr. 
Clinton has scheduled a stopover in 
the Belarus capital Minsk, to re- 
ward Belarus for having moved the 
most quickly to give up its nuclear 






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Compiled by Our Staff From Ddpencha 

PRAGUE — President Bill 
Clinton showed off his saxo- 
phone skills on Tuesday in a 
jazz bar in Prague, playing two 
American classics to the ap- 
plause of his hosts. 

Earlier. Mr. Clinton and 
President Vaclav Havd had 
strolled through the city be- 
fore stopping at the Golden 
Tiger restaurant for dinner. 
Among the 30 invited guests 

The Aasodated Press . 

TABA, Egypt — Israel and the Palestine Libera- 
tion Organization reportedly agreed Tuesday on a 
few key points that had been blocking implemen- 
tation of their autonomy accord, but officials said 
the two sides remained mired in differences con- 
cerning the extent of Israeli withdrawal flora Jeri- 

Disagreement over who nuts border crossing 

and tbe sire aLantonamptis areas bas delayed the 
Dec. 13 target date for startmKlsradi troop witiz- 
drawal from Jericho. . .* 

While Israeli newspapers reported FLO agree- 
ment to an Israefi proposal for twJakho area and 
Israel Radio reported that ‘agreement had been 
reached on control of Ixmfo aofismgs, negotiators 
flora both sides said no final agreement bad yet 
been reached in talks started Monday m this Red 
Sea resort. 


was the family of a young man 
with whom Mr. CUntan ai- 


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with whom Mr. Clinton at- 
tended Oxford University 24 
years ago. 

Mr. Clinton and Mr. Havd 
then moved on to the Redula 
jazz dub, a favorite haunt of 
anti -Co mm uni st dissidents 
before 1989, to meet Prime 
Minister Vadav Klaus and his 

While waiting for the show 
to begin, Mr. Clinton played 
Gershwin’s “Summertime” 
and the Rodgers and Han 
classic “My Funny Valentine” 
on a saxophone presented to 
him by Mr. HaveL (AFP, AP) 

OflQVA: An Urgent Attack on Birth Defects 



pi>i ihr • \; 

CoatBHied from Page 1 

pills given to her by the county 
medical clinic. She is doing this 
because she has seen color photo- 
graphs of Chinese babies who died 
of neural tube defects. The photos 
are being given to all prospective 
mothers as part of the program 
raging them to enroll in the vitamin 



1h poet* eft* Apar t Hotel tow 


Far fartor i nf u nn o to i t rai wv ot a w 
«dt 14525 9501. Fax 14288 2991 

To ow readers in Greqf Britam 

In Xiang He county, where the 
village of Wubaihu is situated, 1 
baby in 100 is bora with a neural 
tube defect and dies soon there- 

It has not been easy to persuade 
some prospective mothers to take 
the pills. China's rigorous popula- 
tion-control program and toe coer- 

cive measures used at tunes to pre- 
vent mothers from having a second* 
child have led to some suspicion of 
the vitamin supplements. 

The program’s sponsors have 
had to overcome rumors that tire 
pills were a kind ctf stoilization 
potion that would allow women to 
have just one pregnancy. But the 
campaign to photograph the nu- 
merous babies with both defects 
has been a powerful tool to con- 

crificai task in fetal growth, the 
initial formation of the brain and 
spinal column. 

“Tbe implication is that this de- 
fect can occur and have done its 
dama ge before someone would ac- 
tually realize that she is pregnant," 
Dr. Beny said. 

The presence of folic add in the 
did, studies now show, aids the 
action of the tissues that firet rise as 

vince prospective mothers of the 
threat from folic add deficiency. 

In the last three years, studies in 
Britain and Hungary have shown 
that a deficiency of folic add dur- 
ing the first 28 days of pregnancy 
can prevent the completion of a 

and then join to form the brain and 
spinal column, or neural tube. 

China has no special hospitals to 
treat neural tube defects with tbe 
surgical procedures that in more 
developed nations can now prolong 
the life of many infants with spina 

bifida. . . 


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Page 5 

& m. t^asss- "wg se S 

5 ggil| ^ |w »i? Sp* 

I JiMl ILj ^JlF fe 

President Seeks to Extend Agenda 

Wn MdteHwBatca 

in Brussels. 

By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tnhune 
BRUSSELS — Laying out a new 
global trade agenda after last 
month's Uruguay Round agree- 
ment. President Bill Clinton began 
a camp aign Tuesday for higher en- 
vironmental and labor standards in 
developing countries, which he said 
would raise incomes and economic 
security around the world. 

In a meeting with leaders or the 
European Union. Mr. Clinton also 
sought to enlist Europe's support to 
pressure Japan to further open its 
markets to imports of such items as 
wood and papa 1 products, leather 
goods and spirits. 

That pressure, as well as a wider 
effort to win greater tariff cuts and 
market openings before the Uru- 
guay Round accord is signed on 
April 15, will be the focus of a 
meeting of trade ministers from 
Pnnarin , Europe. Japan and the 
United States, likely to be held in 
Washington nut week. 

The meeting on Tuesday failed 
to make headway on some issues, 
including film and television pro- 
gramming. aircraft subsidies, steel 

RUSSIA: wm Moscow Be listening to Clinton’s Fm&Tuned Message P Clinton’s Plans 

i. Ponrt- ird frffPwr^ chairman saidonly a. third ci aE Rnssianscould 

• afford a basic basket of food staples. He spoke 

copnc thfc analysas/wc make by,oursetyesjg;,tnfl ^ ^ . Hnaik rising unemployment and ' 

' • After SByaral years 

about srinettetoMse off the Russtensarraess ... EcosHjqncs ^WSnisJry .predicted ^ mcomes 
them fcmrdmatepflinfQl refioinn. Mr. CfiKnn 'woe agjan expected to dedme m IW ty* 
test '«d£ apparently retfledoo mgjng Mr.- range of 3 pereent to 5 
Ydtsm to.^T tbe^coarse .with rad^freo- . tupe, antajapto^ was expected to nse. 
market reform — apositioo whose ddef advo-‘ * YladinrirV. Zhirinovsky, the extreme na- 

cates got inst lS pacent of : the -vote in last tkmafist wfcastf party placed first in Russia's 
montbrs<fccfetea^Re further urged “mare at- ; parfiaroenta ™ x fcctk)ns Dec. 12, threatened to 
tempts ta build a safety net to' deal with dm Germany in World War HI. 

consequences' of reform. " y - * In an*' aeBmaie. many Rusaansmaywon- 

But the to-ing and fro^ in Washington has -.towtatdffiftteace does the finely honedmes- 

last XrtA apparently ielfled. : on m&sg Mr. range, of 3 paean to 5 panenL. fti ■! 

Ydtsm to.^T dtc-cbarse .with . tixpe. anemptoyment was expected to 

n^rt reforin -^ posrtioo whosedrief advo-‘ aVMhnff V. Zhirinovsky, the exti 
cates got jnstrlS pbcent of die -vote in lass tkmafist 'whfls^ party placed first in 
month's-deebons^rte further urged “more at- / p^^nentajy^decuons Dec. 12, threa 
tempts ta build a safety net to' deal with dm Germany in World War ID 

coosequencesof reform. " y - * In sbcfc'a&imaJe. many Rnssansn 

Butdieto^ngandfn^^mlifasMiMtoal^ da-,wha&djff«*ence docs the finely ho 
an air of unreality ht^ as rthas ixmcmed with of an American president make? 

^process of soad .dgay aad dwjto thff ^ f^omne the president’s themes and. 

hasted somany voteior tWWHieRonse has paid due atten- 

New Yeafs wietk^ R^mH^jmve wo- : stal^^coodliation, and, of course. 

i mu j ■ ■ t o - .: . - mote stamM^aan couanatum. ana, a* course, 

ken op to any of thefogowingj^g^ 

• Gonstrudkm .^wkerarm^jv »?25i2 - The smnpit meeting sdiedide includes a re^ 
came' upon an uiiatrioM boj^th^jra cwtionforpoliJical leaders neariy spanningthe 
when tike workers cited for MB,j- Kwsan . spectrum, designed looseness Mr. 

Army speqafats wr^ onl y ^tm tor the democratic ^process. 

the shed if -fihae is a meetmg with Patriaidi Alexes D, 

m A lyynaiiierrfai'l wAm ' wi h paM dtehadweep ‘tuadofdie the Russian Orthodox C3iurch,who 
Tf »n4>tfdi y thrgHienedby Moscow’s nogoripuy XAn^mmdder a force fcff.sodal harmony and 
a w i p ^siv ig Tudreteeis wrote sevfard times to the coudhation. And Mr. Clinton is to give a 
SteriorMmistiy and 'other gpwmment^BB- speedi, foDowed by questions and answers, at 
cyy piling for hejp. Aba Ms tenos went t^nrain stare broadcasiing center. . 

But at every stage, there is a risk that Mr. 
conference to get attem ute . .. > • ^ *• • . rwn i«n wiB hh a rfaemdant note. 

. ^ FOr exanmle,lhe reception will feature more 

mect “®, m ^4nwn: 4m nnOScal figures, but none of them 

cou n t r y was m a state' or <w ^ 

■■■*• ■■•iri 4-i 

from Mr. Zhirinovsky’s misnamed liberal 
Democratic Party, which Finished first in legis- 
lative elections last month. The venomous Mr. 
Zhiri novsky, who has already branded Mr. 
Clinton a “cowanf for snubbing him, will be 
able to argue that the Americans only support 
democracy when the winners suit than. 

* “1 don't thznk a politician can ignore another 
nnKririaiy especially one who was elected like 
Clinton himself, " said Alexander Shalvev, a 
col umnis t for the newspaper Izvesria. 

Bul Boris Nemtsov, governor of Nizhny 
Novgorod, said: “We should remember that 
people voted for Hitler, too.” If Mr. Clinton 

meets with him, he said, “it would make Zhirin- 
ovsky look like a respectable politician, which I 
-would not like." 

The "wring with the patriarch might seem 
innocuous at first glance. Although he failed, 
Alexd did try to mediate in last faffs crisis 
between Mr. Yeltsin and the parliament. 

Bnt Alexei, like many top officials in the 
Orthodox church, was believed to ha w had a 
dose relationship with the KGB in the Commu- 
nist era, even to the point of being assigned a 
secret alias: Agent Drozdof. And among the 
hi ghi^ t-ranlring church officials are several men 
whose anti-Semitic writings and rhetoric are no 
less offensive than Mr. Zhinnovsky’s. 

- Iris undear whether they will also attend the 

. meeting between Mr. Clinton and the patriarch. 

By going to Moscow’s main television studio 
for a speech and electronic town meeting, Mr. 
Clinton is playing to his own political strength 
as a communicator. But he may also inadver- 
tently undermine bis summit meeting partner, 
Mr. Ydism, whose public appearances in re- 
cent months have been few and far between. 

International UeraU Tribune 
Highlights of President Bill 
Clinton’s schedule after leaving 
Brussels at the close of the 
HA TO summit meeting: 
Mr. Clinton meets in Prague 
with the leaden of the Czech 
Republic, Hungary. Poland 
and Slovakia. He then departs 
for Kiev for a brief stopover 
before traveling to Moscow. 

Discussions with Russian offi- 
cials and a meeting with Patri- 
arch Aleksei II. 


Joint new conference with 
President Boris N. Yeltsin. 

Mr. Clinton travels to Minsk, 
in Belarus, and later to Gene- 


Talks in Geneva with Presi- 
dent Hafez Assad of Syria be- 
fore returning to Washington. 

and public procurement. But both 
sides expressed determination to 
work quietly in those areas and 
avoid tough’ talk, at least for now. 

The U.S. trade push, which fol- 
lowed the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization summit meeting, un- 
derscored Mr. Clinton's persistent 
message since arriving in Europe 
on Sunday that economic well be- 
ing was as critical to the security of 
the West as military might. 

Mr. Clinton said deeper trade 
ties were essential for revitalizing 
Western economies and restoring 
job growth, the two conditions “at 
the heart of this new concept of 

He spoke at a news conference 
after meeting with Jacques Deters, 
president of the European Com- 
mission. and Prime Minister An- 
dreas Papandreou of Greece, which 
holds the F.U rotating presidency. 

And as he did at the NATO 
meeting in a military context. Mr. 
Clinton sought to" reassure EU 
states that Washington remained 
committed to closer economic Lies 
with Europe, which be said was 

“America's most-valued partner in 
trade and investment.” 

Corporate America gets 60 per- 
cent of its overseas profits from 
Europe and employs 3 million Eu- 
ropeans, while 2.5 million Ameri- 
can jobs depend on the S12Q billion 
in exports that the United Stales 
sends to Europe each year, he said 
at a breakfast meeting of business 
and political leaders. 

Mr. Clinton urged the Union to 
further reduce its barriers to trade 
and investment with Eastern Eu- 
rope to complement NATO’s open- 
ing of military cooperation with the 
region. But Mr. Delors maintained 
i ha t the Union was moving fast 
enough to promote economic ties 
with the East and noted that it, not 
the United States, was absorbing 
the vast majority of Eastern ex- 
ports to the West following the col- 
lapse of the Communist bloc. 

Mr. Clin ion's call to extend 
world trading rules to environmen- 
tal and labor issues mirrors his ne- 

gotiation of side agreements on 
those matters with Mexico to gain 
congressional passage of the North 

ALLIES: Bosnia Catches Clinton 

Continued from Page 1 

depend more importantly on 
whether the 16 countries in the alli- 
ance are prepared to use it for the 
purpose for which it was designed: 
the application of force to hall ag- 

To forestall the possibility of ag- 
gression by nationalist forces in 
Russia that might be tempted to 
reassert imperiaT sway over Eastern 
Europe is precisely why the new 
democracies in that part of the con- 
tinent want NATO membership, 
and accepted the Partnership for 
Peace as a way of working toward 
it. Whether Mr. Clinton can per- 
suade President Boris N. Yeltsin of 
Russia that this is no threat to Mos- 
cow will become clear after be goes 
there Wednesday night 
But for many ordinary Europe- 
ans, what NATO does now in Bos- 
nia will do more to determine its 
relevance in the future than a part- 
nership plan whose details have to 
be worked out with each participat- 

ing country over the next few years. 

And despite their attempt prod- 
ded by Mr. Clinton, to sound reso- 
lute. the Europeans are becoming 
increasingly despondent about 
whether they can do anything at all 

Hong Kong Has Suspect In Bank Arson-Murder 


HONG KONG —The death toll 
in thefirebombing of a small Kow- 
loon branch or Hongkong & 
Shanghai Bank rose to four Tues- 
day, and the police charged a 32- 
y ear-old man with murder and ar- 

son in connection with the attack. 

Witnesses said a man entered the 
bank Monday morning and 
dumped two canisters of inflamma- 
ble liquid on the floor. After order- 
ing customers to leave, he set tire to 
the liquid. 

whether they can do anything at all 
about Bosnia. 

As the alliance leaders met in 
Brussels, Croatian and Muslim 
leaders were meeting in Bonn in an 
attempt to agree to stop the fight- 
ing between them in Bosnia. 

German officials in Brussels said 
that the violence was increasing, 
that it was gening harder and hard- 
er to blame most of it on the Bosni- 
an Serbs, and that the NATO coun- 
tries providing troops for the 
peacekeeping forces were moving 
dose to tne point where they would 
either have to use air power to back 
them up and make them effective, 
or else give up on peacekeeping and 
pull them out. 

“1 think on today’s facts there 
are clearly some differences among 
the allies,” Mr. Clinton said before 
he left Brussels on Tuesday. “We’ll 
see if our resolve is there. My re- 
solve Is there, 1 can tell you." 

The NATO secretary-general, 
Manfred Warner, has maintained 
tha t the alliance could not be 
blamed for the collective failure in 
Bosnia because it had not yet been 
called upon to use force to stop the 


“The instrument is there. Mr. 
W6rner said. 

Amoican Free Trade Agreement. 

It also resonates widely in Europe, 
where fear is widespread that bvmg 
standards will be undermined by 
the surge in cheap imports from 

Many developing countries have 
opposed talk of environmental and 
labor issues as a smokescreen for 

“We amply have to assure that 
our economic policies protect the 
environment and the well being of 
workers," Mr. Clinton said. 

Extending the developed world's 
higher environmental standards to 
other nations “will create jobs, not 
cost jobs," be said, because it will 
require the spread of technologies 
that are “virtually exclusively the 
province” of rich nations. 

That argument is largely accept- 
ed in Europe, where officials have 
agreed to push with the United 
States to set up a committee on 
environmental issues at the World 
Trade Organization, the new global 
trade body, by ApriL 
The push for higher labor stan- 
dards got a cooler reception when it 
was raised by the U.S. trade repre- 
sentative, Mickey Kantor, in a 
meeting Monday with the EU com- 
missioner for competition policy. 
Sir Leon Britten. 

A commission source dismissed 
the idea as half-baked because Mr. 
Kantor did not make it clear 
whether the standards would cover 
; human rights issues, such as prison 
and child labor, or extend to health 
i and safety issues or even to mini- 
mum wages. 

Washington's stance seems hyp- 
ocritical, the scarce said, given that 
the United States has never ratified 
the International Labor Organiza- 
tion’s convention on social rights, 
drawn op more than 40 years ago. 

But Mr. Clinton said the West 
could not cut wages and social 
standards to create jobs because 
that would depress incomes and 
increase insecurity. 

“We do not want to see the col- 
lapse of the middle dass." he said. 
Tf you look at the vote in Russia, if 
you look at the recent vote in Po- 
land. you see what lumpens in de- 
mocracies when middle-class peo- 
ple feel that the future will be worse 
than the present.” 

When a reporter suggested that 
he sounded surprisingly like a Eu- 
ropean socialist, Mr. Clinton did 
not disagree. 

“President Ddors and I share a 
lot of common ideas.” he said. 

He commended Mr. Ddors. a 
French Socialist, for the study on 
jobs and competitiveness that he 
presented to European leaders last 


the experts as.. 

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Page 6 



A Stronger, Safer Europe 

For aO their earlier foot-shuffling, the 
NATO summiteers started to get the main 
thirig right in Brussels on Tuesday. Their talk erf 
air strikes in Bosnia may or may sot be the 
usual shaming bluff. But the wars of ex- Yugo- 
slavia, awful though they ait, are one comer of 
a mtyj i bigger map. The summit's main ta sk 
was to begin the widening of NATO’s power 
that can prevent future shaming disasters. 

That means, among other things, dropping 
the earlier pretense that the alliance can treat 
all the ex-Coimaunist countries to its east as 
equals. Some of these countries, it is now 
char, will in the next few years rightly be 
treated as more equal than others. To be a 
democracy, ready to stand shoulder to shoul- 
der with other Euro- American democracies, is 
the real test for membership. And places like 
Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic are 
plainly closer to passing that test than several 
other ex-Communist countries. 

Will closer mQitaiy links with Poles. Hungar- 
ians and Czechs — and earlier full NATO 
membership for them — “draw a new line” 
across Europe (Bill Clinton’s phrase on Sun- 
day)? Yes. in a sense. But the present NATO 
separates old democracies from promising 
new ones, leaving the latter out in the arid. 
That is unjust and a waste of new talent. 

Wm redrawing the line make Russia's Zhir- 
tnovskys more dangerous? No. Done the right 

way, it will make them less dangerous. The 
history of the 20th century pretty clearly shows 
that to be politely Firm with pugnacious ration- 
alists when they first appear on the scene is 
much better than to let them come to believe 
they can bully you; that is a road to more and 
bigger bullying. It is not necessary to offer the 
Poles and so an full NATO membership right 

now. A pattern of new military cooperation 

which dearly takes them under NATO's wing 
should be enough to make the Zhirirtovskys 
stop and think again. 

Does NATO have the resources for this? Of 
course it does. The essentia] work of the next 
year or two is to start slotting these countries 
into NATO's joint planning and joint training. 
Dial is largdya matter of organization. To say 
it cannot be done is bureaucratic laziness. 

What should NATO be doing with its new 
associates? It can send its soldiers on joint 
exercises with theirs, on their soiL It can 
enlis t some of their units into the expedition- 
ary forces it plans for possible use outside 
the European heartland. It can help them to 
re-equip their armed forces, and to reshape 
their military plans, so that full membership 
when it comes will not be a matter of square 
pegs and round holes. 

Ah this is possible. It wQl make the democ- 
racies stronger, and Europe safer. 


Ukraine, Too, Has Interests 

In the intricate strategic jigsaw puzzle that 
President Bill Clinton is trying to assemble 
on his trip across Europe, no single piece is 
more important than the effort to keep 
Ukraine from becoming a new and accepted 
member of the global nuclear club. Hence 
the high jubilation that he expressed on 
Monday in his announcement of all-bul-final 
agreement on this complex matter among the 
United States, Russia and Ukraine. 

Not that Ukraine, in consenting to get rid 
of the nuclear arms it physically (but not yet 
operationally) inherited from the Soviet 
Union, has no claim to the security and 
status that these weapons ostensibly confer. 
In this case, however, it was able to ask for 
valuable compensation both from Moscow, 
which is eager to head off the emergence of a 
nuclear Ukraine at its doorstep, and from 
Washington, which is determined to avoid 
setting the posi-Cold War precedent of con- 
doning arrival of a new nuclear power. 

It mattered that the Kiev leadership, realiz- 
ing the desperate condition of the country, 
had the judgment to recognize that this was 
the right moment to cut a deal. President 
Leonid Kravchuk also had the fortitude to 
stand up to his formidable pro-nuclear oppo- 
sition. The terms center on “swords into plow- 
shares” assurances of border inviolability, 
economic support and civilian nuclear fueL 
The new accord emerges as an executive 

agreement, but these terms are framed to meet 
the reservations that the parliament had earli- 
er imposed on the government's e nmmi tmou 
to abandon a nuclear option. 

Here it must be said that the delayed or 
phased manner in which the terms of the new 
agreement are to be disclosed — in order, it is 
said, to accommodate President Kravchuk’s 
political requirements —is hardly calculated to 
bufld confidence in the agreement elsewhere. 

As a globally engaged country, nonetheless, 
the United Stales can only profit from an 
example of leadership and success in nuclear 
nonproliferation. Since it is the country at 
which more than 1,200 Ukraine-based war- 
heads are currently aimed, its own security 
stands to gain. And the occasion to show 
Russia that Americans can contribute to 
Russia’s security has special value at this 
moment of uncertainty in the relationship 
between the two countries. 

Fitting a nuclear Ukraine into a Europe 
shadowed by Russia, Kiev’s ancient and cur- 
rent nemesis and itself still a nuclear super- 
power, would be a nightmare, fitting in a 
non-nuclear Ukraine will require continuing 
American and Russian attention to Ukraine's 
legitimate rational interests. The new agree- 
ment, if its details prove upon scrutiny to be 
well considered, makes it posable and neces- 
sary for that work to get serious. 


More Than a Vendetta 

Darnel Patrick Moynihan’s call fora special 
prosecutor puts a hole in the White House's 
argument that the furor over Bill Clinton’s 
Arkansas land dealings is nothing more than 
a Republican vendetta. Senator Moynihan 
seems not to have been swayed by the argu- 
ment put forth by Vice President A 1 Gore and 
other designated White House damage con- 
trollers that a special prosecutor is not neces- 
sary because there is no specific charge 
against President and Mrs. CUnton. 

Ndther the law nor common sense requires 
that much. Attorney General Janet Reno can 
appoint a special prosecutor when officials in 
hex department appear to have a conflict of 
interest that could frustrate a credible investi- 
gation. The fact that her No. 3 official, Web- 
ster Hubbcll, was Mrs. Clinton's law partner 
constitutes just such a conflict. So, more 
pointedly, does the fact that their law firm 
represented the failed savings and loan at the 
center of the mystery, arguing before state 
bank regulators to keep the tbnft alive. 

Ms. Reno insists that the case has been 
taken firmly in hand by a team of trustworthy 
Justice Department lawyers. There is reason to 
believe, however, that her federal bloodhounds 
are snoozing in the kenneL Last Friday the man 
at the heart of the case —James McDougal, the 
president's former investment partner and for- 
mer president of the savings and loan — told 
The Associated Press that nobody from the 
Justice Department or the FBI had even ap- 
proached him for an interview. 

Mr. McDougal headed Madison Guaranty 
Trust, a savings and loan whose eventual 

failure cost taxpayers S6Q million. Among the 
questions that investigators say they are inter- 
ested in is whether he received tender treat- 
ment from a bank regulator appointed by Mr. 
Clinton Mien he was governor, and whether 
Madison funds were used to pay off Mr. 
Clinton’s 1986 campaign debts and also di- 
verted to the Whitewater Development Com- 
pany, the real estate venture in winch Mr. 
McDougal and the Clintons were partners. 

But apparently they have not even begun to 
ask these questions, which is why the case for 
an investigation outside the normal channels 
of this lethargic Justice Department is so 
dear. Mr. Moynihan said that he was sure Mr. 
Gin ton had done nothing wrong, but that the 
only way to dear the air was to appoint a 
special prosecutor. Presidents, be said, “can’t 
be seen to have any hesitation about any 
matter that concerns their propriety." 

Unfortunately, the White House seems 
more concerned with secrecy than with pro- 
priety or policy. Harold Idea, recruited with 
great fanfare to head President Clinton's 
campaign for health care reform, now finds 
himself running a White House operation 
whose main purpose is to contain any politi- 
cal fallout from the Arkansas savings and 
loan and land messes. 

But his damage control operation has be- 
come an exercise in damage creation. The 
reason is simple. No raw in the Ginton White 
House or the Reno Justice Department is 
willing to follow Mr. Moynihan’s good advice 
to behave as if there is “nothing to hide." 


Other Comment 

Alas, a Sony Tory Lot 

In the eyes of the public, the government 
appears increasingly mired in sleaze. The only 
regret displayed by mmisiers for public or 
private lapses from grace concerns their loss of 
office, not the actions which caused iL We have 
a Tray Party apparently incapable of shame. 
Conservative MPs and parliamentary candi- 
dates today are, for the most part, a sorry lot. A 
generation ago. Central Office and constituen- 

cy parties decided to turn away from selecting 
candidates of “traditional" Tray backgrounds. 
The products of Exon and the squirearchy 
found thsnsdves spumed. Perhaps it was right 
to seek a new style of Tray MP. But what has 
emerged, in place of the old knights of the 
shire, is a host of frankly inadequate men and 
women who, far from entering Parliament in 
any spirit of public service, are driven solely 
by the pursuit of self-advancemenL 

— The Daily Telegraph (London!. 

International Herald Tribune 



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NATO Wastes an Opportunity 

W ASHINGTON — As far back 
as anyone remembers, the 
leaders attending NATO s ummi t 
meetings have put on a display of 
Western unity, no matter how con- 
tentious the issues. So we could confi- 
dently expect that at this week’s 
meeting, the Ginton administration’s 
first, the allies would “resolve” differ- 
ences and convey a sense of cohesion 
to the outride world. 

Useful as such contrivances were 
during the Cold War, when Moscow 
might have exploited differences in 
the alliance, the substitution of im- 
age-making for policy-making now 

By Riehard Perie 

But the imagined fears of Russian 
nationalists and the anti-Western xe- 

suaded that expansion of NATO to 
include some or aD of the new East 
European democracies would dis- 
concert Russians, like Vladimir 

Zhirinovsky and his 
encirclement b 

Even though NATO is a 
defensive alliance, 

fear encirclement by the West. Al- 
low the Poles into NATO, be was 
told, and Boris Yeltsin would be 
seriously weakened. 

Even though NATO is a defensive 
alliance, Mr. Clinton obviously be- 
lieves that many Russians think : it is a 

threat to Russia and that the West 
must not do anything to offend their 
sensibilities. So instead of enlarg in g 
NATO, giving it a new and mod 

needed sense of purpose, the admin- 
istration cooked up the vague, water- 
treading Partnership for Peace, the 
essence of which is that it does not 

reasons for refusing to tell the ' 
Hungarians and Czechs that over 
time they will be welcome as hill 
members. Indeed, by buying the ar- 
gumcnt that Russian nationalists’ 
concerns deserve to guide Weston 
policy, Mr. Ginton gives those who 
make that case the very legi timac y 
that his policy is intended to deny. 

An offer of interim mem- 

bership sufficient to calm under- 
standable anxieties in Eastern Eu- 

rope would have been appropriate. It 

could have included a crazmmniqu* 
promising to speed up enlargement in 
the event of a new threat to Eastern 
Europe. This, not appeasement, is the 
to Mr. Zhirinovsky. A 

that many Russians think 
it is a threat to Russia. 

admit East Europeans to NATO. 
To be sure, mere is at 

deciaoa in principle to enlarge NATO 
would have sent irredentist Kusaans a 



threatens NATO itself. The show of 
unity this week comes at a high cost: 
the failure to face the crucial issue 
confronting the alliance. 

That issue is not simply whether 
NATO should admit Poland or Hun- 
gary or other East European coun- 
tries, allhough doing so would surely 
benefit it. The crucial issue is whether 
an alliance created to counter the 
threat of a Warsaw Pact invasion of 
Western Europe can survive for very 
long now that the Warsaw Pact no 
longer exists — in short, whether 
NATO has a future. 

If it can’t do better than it has done 
this week in defining itself and its 
mission in the post-Cold War world, 
it may well follow the Warsaw Pact 
into dissolution. 

Bill Clinton, who cares less about 
foreign and security policy than any 
modern American president ana 
whose knowledge ana experience in 
these matters matches his interest in 
thorn, has missed an ii 

least one 

reason for not expanding 
JATO just now: the credibility of 
its underlying guarantee that “an 
attack against one is an attack 
against all” cannot be extended 
without the plans and resources to 
bade it up — and that will take time. 

signal, when the West is strong, that 
the Warsaw Pact is truly dead, and 
that NATO is alive and well 

The writer, a fellow at the Ameri- 
can Enterprise Institute, was U.S. as- 
sistant secretary of defense from 1981 
to 1987. Be contributed this comment 
to The New York Times. 

W ASHINGTON — Only one thing matters 
about the Brussels summit: NATO has for- 
mally established the goal erf expanding its mem- 
bership to include Eastern Europe. 

Forget all the complamts from framer Bush 
administration officials about how the NATO 
summit has postponed admission of the Poles, 
Czechs and Hungarians. The summit has opened 
the door to bringing these countries into NATO 
much sooner than the year 2000, which was the 

By Ira L. Straus 

1991, when Russia also declared a desire to join. 
The reason why most Americans never heard of 
the idea until last year was that the B ush adminis- 
tration treated it as a nonissue. It was under Bill 
Ginton that serious discussion of the idea be- 
sible in the West 

established at the Brussels summit, people will 
start looking for ways to make it happen. . 

What is needed at this stage is a Committee on 
Extension of NATO Membership. To aiti ve a t a 

orTboli sid^t^^ramattee ^raS^Iude all 

partner countries, not just the present members. 
It would need to address sura matte 


than, has missed an important op- 
portunity in Brussels to help NATO 
find a new mission. 

w __ _Jof 

membership into a definite commitment fiy lay- 
ing down stiff criteria, whose satisfaction would 
lead to membership. However, as Madeleine Al- 
bright explained to the Central Europeans, that 
would have introduced new rigidities and given 
the stand-patters in the West excuses for post- 

There may be few more such op- 
portunities. so it is vital to under- 
stand why this one went wrong. 
Evidently, the president was per- 

potting membership indefinitely. 

A real postponement of NATO expansion took 

place daring the Bush years. Expansion was first 
proposed in 1990, by the East Europeans. The 
best opportunity came and went at the end of 

In four years the issue has gradually picked up. 
speed. When a North Atlantic Cooperation Coun- 
cil was established as a waiting room fra the 
Easterners, the door on Western thinking on the 
subject was unlocked. In 1993, after the Clinton 
administration threw the door wide open, the idea 
quickly progressed from being a disadent opinion 
to being the m am t nsam view in NATO. Who knows 
how much more progress it wfll make in 1994? 

Soon it may sound hopelessly dilatory to aim at 
membership m 2000. Establishment of the goal is 
the most important dement in any process of 
change. It provides a direction for ihmving and 
action. Now that the goal of membership has been 

matters as proce- 
dures for NATO to make effective derisions with 
more membera around the table; realistic roanbar 
shi p cri teria and commitments; procedures for mov- 
ing countries from associate to full membership, 
and back again in case of regresaon from criteria; 
■mpdd membership agreements and protocols. 

This can be done m the course erf the present 
year. It would prepare the countries of both East 
and West for me negotiation of actual member- 
ship agreements in 1! 

The writer is U.S. coordinator of an independent 
international Committee on Eastern Europe and 
Russia in NATO. He contributed this comment to 
the International Herald Tribune . 

Raising Europe’s Spirits , but Will Economic Cooperation Follow? 

W ASHINGTON — The Europeans are 
worried that the United States is turning 
inward, becoming absorbed with domestic 
problems and exhausted with international 
leadership — and with them. Bill Clinton, for 
all his fine internationalist words, is seen as 
quite in tune with this mood. From the Euro- 
pean point of view, this is a man for whom the 
architecture of health plans and job training 
schemes is far more exciting than the aidutec- 

By E. J. Dionne Jr. 

ture of global alliances, 
The Euro 

peans basically have it right but 
President Clinton made an important corol- 
lary point last week. Referring to the Earope- 

The way a nation’s economy 
works is the central question 
for the electorates who 
send the diplo-milUary types 
to the summit meetings. 

ans, he said, “They are probably more inward- 
looking than we are." 

Certainly their immediate domestic pro- 
blems are bigger than America's. Germany's 
unemployment rate is 8.1 percent, and unem- 

S is even higher in France. Many of the 
leaders face much larger political 
t home than Mr. Ginton does. 
Helmut Kohl's Christian Democrats keep 
losing state and local elections in Germany. 
French President Francois Mitterrand has al- 
ready been forced by France’s voters to turn die 
government over to the conservative opposi- 
tion. In Italy, much of the okl political class 

seems on its way to jafl. For the 
British Prime Minister John Mqar'has faced 
rotten poD ratings and insurrectionary talk 
within his own Conservative Party. 

In fact, leaders of the wealthy countries that 
waged and won the Cold War have a lot to 
worry about at home, especially a joblessness 
problem the likes of which has not been seen 
since the end of World War Q. 

This point was made dramatically by Paul 
McCracken, who served as chairman <rf die 
Council of Economic Advisers under President 
Richard Nixon and can hardly be accused of 
being a Marxist. “Those entering the work 
forces in Western Europe and even in the U.SL,” 
Mr. McCracken wrote last week in The Wall 
Street Journal, “confront labor market condi- 
tions more nearly resembling those of the late 
1930s than those prevailing during the four 
decades or so following World War IL" 

Lest anyone miss the point, be rubbed it in: 
“In fact, the capitalist economies have been 
seeming to validate the chief criticism by the 
Communists of capitalism, namely, that capi- 
talism generates high unemployment” 

Now you may fairly ask: What does unem- 
ployment have to do with such huge diplomatic 
questions as whether Poland, the Czech Republic 
and Hungary get admitted under theumhrclla of 
NATO? How does it connect to what the West 
will do about the slaughter in Bosnia or the rise 
of nationalism in Russia? To complicate the 
issue, you might further ask whether chose of us 
who live in countries that are still, by any reason- 
able standards, very rich, are simply using eco- 
nomic problems as an excuse fra Seeing from the 
responsibilities of foreign affairs. 


week, die late Thomas F. O'Nefll Jr.’s 
famous maxim that “all politics is locaL" Those 
who concern themselves with big diplomatic 
and military questions tend to find the grubby 
issues of domestic economic management bor- 
ing. But dte way a nation's economy works is 
the central question — attunes, the only ques- 
tion — forme electorates who send the diplo- 
nriHtary types to the summit meetings. 

If there is anything abort foreign policy that 
Mr. Ginton understands wdL it is this. 

Tucked into his Sunday speech in Brussels 
was the following: “Unless we.are creating jobs 

For now, Mr. Clinton's efforts to revive the 
morale of the alliance revolve around two ap- 
proaches short of die grand: fear and empathy. 

The rise of Russia's frightening ultranational- 
xst down; Vladimir Zhirinovsky, has givra the 
alliance something it hasn't had rince the death 
of the Soviet Unicm: an memy with a face and an 
agmda. Mr. Gintoa played the Zhirinovsky card 
in a way that would have made Ronald Reagan’s 
“evil empire'' speech writes prowLThe contest, 
he said, was bdweeq “the hens of theEnlightra- 
raent who seek to consolidate freedom’s gains" 
and “the militan t rmfinnuHtfs and demagogues 

and unless we are raising incomes in Europe 

a the 

and in the United States and Japan, in 
advanced countries of the world, it w£D be 
difficult for the people of those nations, all our 
nations, to continue to support fa] policy of 
involvement with the rest of the worid.^ He 
added that “among the Atlantic nations, eco- 
nomic stagnation has deafly eroded public sup- 
port ... for outward-looking foreign pohdes 
and fra greater integration.” 

But assuming that Mr. Ginton’s diagnosis of 
what ails the West is right, what is to be done? 
The ideal wonkl be to match grand diplomatic 
plans aimed at containing the rise of national- 
ism in the East with workable plans for eco- 
nomic cooperation. But the European Union 
itself is having a hellish time agreeing cm ajraht 
program to reduce unemployment. Will bans- 
Atlantic economic cooperation be any easier? 

who fan suspicions that are anient and parade 
in of renewal in order to obaaxre tbe 

Moreover, while Western Europe needs to 
Tom Eastern Eu- 

open its markets to goods from 
rope to foster economic growth and prevent 
the rise of “the grim pretenders to tyranny’s 
dark throne,” as Mr. Ginton put it, h is 
precisely Europe's fear of even more unem- 
ployment that impedes freer trade. 

tile pain 

promise of reform.” Now there’s a cause. 

The second element is simple exhortation. In 
.an interview with a pack of columnists last 
week, the president offered a revealing glimpse 
of how he sees public life. One of the mam goals 
of las trip, he said, was “to tty to sort of be a 
force for optimism” in a Europe suffering from 
pessi mism and self-doubt. He seemed to be 
approaching summitry as he would a town 
meeting in New Hampshire,, saying, “What I 
have to do is to start mem thinking in a more 
positive frame of mind again” and to “gin up 
the collective spirit of Europe.” . 

Fear and anpathy do not make a foreign 
policy and do not resolve hard questions, such as 
now to relieve the suffering in Bosnia. And 
despite Ins tough words. Mr. Ginton’s actual 
pohdes toward Russia scan to vacillate between 
accommodating nationalism and confronting it 

to take on 

analysis isn't bad. T ranslating analysis into ac- 
tion is much harder — and also essen tial to 
ffrrmng up everyone^ spiriL 

The Washington Past. 

South Asia: Business as Usual Despite Development Pressures 

EW DELHI — Is South Asia at 

eventual risk of nuclear-armed 
confrontation, as Washington, all in 
earnest about nratproiiferation. sug- 
gests? Or is it just business as usual m 
the India- Pakistan game of mutual 
aggravation, threatening at worst 
border clashes and continued may- 
hem in Kashmir? Does it matter that 
both sides have nuclear capability 
and medium-range missiles? 

The issues are complex but impor- 
tant — for the United States, which 
has been investing substantial 
amounts of political capital in the 
drive against strategic arms prolifera- 
tion; for India, as its economic re- 
form requires escape from outdated 
political theories and technocratic 
nationalism, and the establishment of 
a closer eoonomic relationship with 
the West; for Pakistan, which should 
be daily reminded of its own poten- 
tial fragility by events in Afghanistan 
and Tajikistan, and for whom the 
relationship with the United States, 
although diminished by the end of 
the Cold War, remains important. 

Last week saw the first high-level 
IndiarPakisian talks since 1992. and 
the test firing by India, over the ob- 
jections of the United Slates and oth- 
ers, of India's 

By Philip Bowring 

istic euphemism, describes as a “tech- 
nology demonstrator," has an intend- 
ed range of 2^00 kilometers. 

Talks and test both failed. But 
their significance is that 
pened. Where does that leave i 
stan Live issues? 

Kashmir. No progress is likely on 
ksser issues until there is movement 
here. There is none. Bat the stalemate 
makes three things p lain - India will 

with almost any degree of autonomy 
that keeps Kashmir in the union. 

Autonomy will be easier to give in a 
liberalized i 

not give up sovereignty; Pakistan. 
China, too, have ruled out 

: economy. 

As India looks outward, there is 
also more awareness of the d ama ge 
done to its reputation by Kashmir, m 
the Third world as weD as in the 
human-rieltts<xmscioas Wcsl 
M eanwhile, India could help itself, 
too, by giving Pakistani business easi- 

and now 

Kashmiri independence, which would 
be even more damaging to Pakistan’s 
integrity than to India's; the alien- 
ation of the people of Kashmir from 
Delhi is deep anti growing. 

Western sources suggest that Paki- 
stan has cut back support for the 
militants. Bnt there is little sign yet of 
India taking positive initiatives, ft 
apparently prefers the policy of sit- 
ting tight politically while wielding a 
big stick in the valley. 

Despite the normal Delhi bureau- 
cratic immobility there is, though, a 
wing awareness of the extent of 
shmm alienation, which cannot 

car access to US more open economy. 

u oiaws anu oin- be pul down to Pakistani and ftrnda- ransian s nuaear program during 
i-3 rocket This mentalist troublemaking and Much the 1980s. By the time military aid 

For a& its faults, India remains 
greatest force for stability in the re- 
gion. Despite the temptations, it 
deafly oontiders that it has no inter- 
est in the breakup of Afghanistan into 
its ethnic components, which would 
also upset the balance of Pakistan. 

Nuaear proliferation. It has long 
been the case that Pakistan’s midear 
program causes more concern in 
America than in India. Studied Indi- 
an official disdain for Pakistan and 
opposition to any Western interfer- 
ence explain the curiosity. U.S. non- 
proliferation talk can easily be dis- 
missed as mere hypocrisy. The U.S. 
administration turned a blind eye to 
Pakistan’s nuclear program di 

link between this issue and newly 
important economic relationships. 

The same applies to India’s missile 
program. The deployment of the 
Agni-3 may be a decade away, and 
anyway is of more interest to China 
than to Pakistan. But deployment of 
the Prithvi missile, which can hit 
most of Pakistan, is immin ent. Hav- 
ing upset its relations with China as 
well as Pakistan by imposing sanc- 
tions cm account of M-l 1 parts deliv- 
ery, the United States is anxious that 
India should riot deploy the Prithvi. 

The Ginton admmittration is un- 
der pressure to relent on convention- 
al weapons sales to Pakistan on the 
grounds that deterioration in conven- 
tional capability will make Pakistan 

more nuclear-conscious. 

In South Asia, U.S. lecturing on 
arms control goes down badly. That 
is not surprising given Washington’s 
track record. It is also hard for the 

United States to sell the idea that 
. missiles are, because of their accura- 
cy and reliability, more dangerous 
than other forms of weapons deliv- 
ery, or that South Asian nuclear pro- 
grams are driven by politics more 
than by a coherent military strategy 
of deterrence. 

Power in both countries has always 
been held by cautious old elites. Ku 
what if it passes into more reckless 
hands? Ultimately, the U.S. anti-pro- 
liferation campaigns will probably 
achieve fitde. It is almost impossible 
to argne that only a few countries are 
entitled to unclear deterrence. Still, 
fra the time being the American pres- 
sure may keep aud on strategic 
spending in South Asia. Andif it is 
seen to be eveohanded it might actu- 
ally help India and Pakistan toward 
easing mutual antflgpHwtms, and get- 
ting on with development. . • 

International Herald Tribune. 


missile, which In di a, with character- must be addressed politically 

Pressure for a Dangerous Exporter 

A MERICA’S relations with Chi- 
A na are at a familiar cro ss roads. 

Commercial interests encourage 
Americans to choose the path of 
cooperation. Yet strategic and for- 
eign policy consideraiions lead us to 
the path of confrontation. 

America can no longer afford to 
pursue what it believes to be a 
pragmatic middle ground with 
China. China’s exports, particular- 
ly of anus and weapons technol- 
ogy, are jeopardizing the very 
foundations of world order. 

The United States needs to dari- 

ests take precedence ova: the pur- 
suit of quick profits. The United 
States should not routinely grant 
favored trading status to any coun- 
try that flouts its nonproliferation 
commitments. All countries should 
be encouraged to withhold transfers 
of investment capital and high tech- 
nology from nations that do not 
abide by such ccanraunenis. 

Support should be sought for 
condemning any country that tests 
nuclear explosive devices. And the 
de facto moratorium on exports of 

space launch vehicles and related 
fy its priorities: It must modify its technology should be maintained, 
foreign, defense and export control —Senator John Glenn, commenting 
pouaes to ensure that security inter- „ The Washington Past 

was cut off, via the Pressler Amend- 
ment to Foreign Assistance Act, Pa- 
kistan already nad nuclear capability. 

There is Utile future for nonprohf- 
eration in South Asia, and it is stupid 
to pretend otherwise. Even if India 
and Pakistan could reach a bilateral 
arrangement, there is no reason to 
believe that India could assume that 
it should deny itself a unclear capa- 
bility while Gunn does noL 

Meanwhile, the useful h 

1894s Manifesto in Spain 

MADRID — A manifesto of Senor 
Ruiz Zorilla is published here today 
{Jan. 11] announcing the early advent 
of a Republic in Spain and advisin g 
his partisans to hold themselves pre- 
pared. The Republican prom- 

ises an arrangement erf the finances, 


__ ^ ; and as- 

„ gas. The ^Frankfurter 

^ ’ says that the government is 

detennmed to s tamp out the Sparta- 
dst insurrection. Certain quarters are 

in obscurity every night ‘jfed axe' 
strongly held by artillery. 

1944$ Gano Execnled 

improved conditions of life 
for the working classes, extension of 
the franchise, an efiiaeni organization 
of the army and navy, and protection 
for the interests of the Church. 

meanwnue, me nsenu hypocrisy 

continue. Alti^^^some Tl‘° 1919; Fating in Berlin 

would like to see a more forthright 
approach, a formal nuclear policy 

would upset friends, neighbors and 
aid providers, while doing nothing 
for India’s security. 

BALE —According to the latest re- 
port from Berlin, the Government 

LONDON — [From oar Near York 
edition:] Count Galeazzo Cwray lbr- 
ty-year-old son-in-law of Benito Sip* 
sofini and forma 1 ' Italian ^ Foreign 
Minister; Marshal FmfKn de Bono, 
seven ty-seven-year-dd leader of the 
Italian invasion of Etfrioitim and 
three other former Fascrst4tad faS ’ 
were executed by a fWiw ^ Kxmad at 

Verona today [Jan. Ill asirautssto 
Fascism, according to Wlitit* 

U-S. pressure has persuaded the 

s * ’ India's current 

iiuie is known about 

level of ^ 

mg, but Intfia may see that there is a 

known as Spartarists, are still making 
desperate efforts to continue .the 
straggle. ^ The Spartactsts have turned 
St George's Church into a fortress. 
On both tides the combatants em- 
ploy all the- newest instruments of 

executed were ffin wHim „„ 
toro g^^ rf -of- the' Fascist^---- 

framer pnaodeni of the FktistCort- 
federation of lodn^rial vAXdbxL. v 

tain " 






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Page 7 



A/f^COW - TTk leader of 

7m! l "5 S!na,s ^^"CcarcoHiiiity, 
Micha Chleaov, has met Ghancd- 

ior Helmut Kohl of Germany, 
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of 
ferari and ^ hopb^ to. meet Pres 
dent BffiQmtonwhen he comes to 
Moscow this week. But he cannot 
get in to see the leader of his own 
county, Boris Yeltsin. 

As president, Mr.Ydlsm.has 
made a point of avoiding Jewish 
issues; his blanket, skssce on bur- 
geoning anti-Semitism »prt racism' 
here has repercussions not only for ' 
t he m ore than one million Rnssucu 
Jews but for- all those who support . 
the idea of democracy in Russia. 

While institutionalized smti-Serai- 
tia n decr eased greatly last year, the 
government’s han^-t^T apperoachto 
racism resulted mahnge Bomber of 
mdivkhial 'anti- Sianalic yts Mos- 
cow’s cenhal synagogue, on Aidii- 
pova Street, was twice attacked in 
daylight by vandals who smashed 

es the Haters 

By Natasha Singer 

had the Park Avenue, synagogue 
been toratadby arsonists. But in- 
Rnssa,Mt Yeltsin and his aides - 
Jhave-remamed sfleat, thereby send- 
ing a message that actMjf violence 

toward Jews will go unpunished. 

. If he sanctioned the renewal of 
Jewish '. life here after years of 
forced atheism, Mr. Yeltsin surety 

country to foreigners, they use 
shorthand. They call him “Ba- 
ruch" Ydtsan, implying that he has 
sold out to Jews. 

But even Mr. Yditsin's advisers, 
who include several people of Jew- 
ish heritage, have employed anti- 
Semitic rhetoric. 

- It. was so-called Russian demo- 

would have spoken up. Instead* tm-. crats who, in an attempt to discredit 

the uftrananonalist Vladimir Zhmn- 
who led a, huge., protest 'march in. ovsky, spread the story thm be had a 
Paris a fter the desecration 'in 15*91 Jewish rather, The re former s were 
of the Jewish cemetery at Csrpcm- thus employing the ****** tactics as 
Ydisn opted for inyiiibO-. their extremist opp onen ts, To call 
ity. ; His fear of confronting these someone si Jew in this country is to 
Tssnes leaves RnsstanJews feding expose him as a non- Rnsaan, and 

Yeltsin replied: “1 guarantee ft.” 

What Mr. Yeltsin intends to 
guarantee is undear. In a country 
that has a history of scapegoating 
Jews — from the Black Hundred 
Pogroms to the Mood libel charge 
against Hassidie Jews leveled last 
year by Pravda — such ambiguity 
has dangerous precedents. 

Perhaps the visit ibis wed: of 
President BlD Clinton will help Mr. 
Yeltsin clarify his position. Jewish 
leaders in Moscow have requested a 
meeting with Mr. Clinton and invit- 
ed him tO tOUr t h* ixhm wnwimt nf 



has a fhH-time guard. Historic Jew- 
ish cemeteries in Nizhny-Novgorod,. 
Ekatermboqr and Sl Feter^mg 
were, fcvefad by vandak And a 
• in a suburban Mosrow coart ■■ 
} flat sbe was afraid toissae 
an opimoo .denouncing the widely 
ffissenwnatrd forgery “Trotocols of 
the Elders of Zion** : — which origi- 
nated in Russia. — as- anfrSmnc' 
for fear erf mining a Qvillibei^CBse 
into a pohticalspectade. ’ ' 

This year is off to an' omiTyimt 
start A fire devastated Moscow’s 
Marina Roscha syaagpgne, a wood- 
years. Anti-Semitic graffiti and an, 
ax were fbnnd ncarby. Fi refig hters 
and the syn^DgneVIrdaritainb- 
bi. Bed Lazar of New. York, are 
cratvinosd that the Haze was arson. 
Bat Moscow authorities seem loath 

week a^^fire in : a L^bavftch 
Jewish day school in, Moscow. One 
can imagine the oalqy in New York 

like easy targets. This sense is 
bound to accelerate emigration to 

- Israd arid the United States.. . 

. Those who are determined to 
stay in Russia and fight for the 

- revival of -the Jewish community 
are often harassed. The first Jewish 
woman elected 
Gerber, said that she has recurved 

. teries of phone calls from extrem- 
' isis who ask, thrrateningfy., “Are 
, yon stiH aliver Akmg with other 
human rights activists, she is con- 
vinced that- Mr. Ydtsm’s silence 

- paved the way for the rise of fascist 
groups in Russia, as demonstrated 
by the results of hist month's par- 
liameniary elections. 

tberefen; aa untrustworthy person 
of dnbkns character. 

. To all this Mr. Yeltsin answered 
in three words. Asked at a recent 
news conference if, following Mr. ' 
Zhirinovsky’s advent to parfia- 

If he accepts the invitation, Mr. 
Gtinton win do more than, recog- 
nize Russia’s Jewish community, be 
will provide an example to Mr. 
YcltSin that in demnernne mfrnrnis - 
trations, racism directed at any mi- 
nority group is intolerable. 

wl ine rest Jernsn meat, the president finally was pro- of The Forward, the 
to paniamcafj Afla pared to denounce anu-Seminsm Jewish weekly. She 
[ t she has received a pabhejy, a visibly discomfited Mr. comment to the Hen 

The writer is Moscow bureau chief 
’ the Hew York-based 
contributed this 
Herald Tribune. 

Hope in the First Hour , 
But the Faith Is Gone 

By Barbara Hendricks 

Don’t They Understand How Bigotry Spreads? 

N EW YORK. — On Nov. 29, 
1993, at stale-rim Kean Col- 
lege in New Jersey, a spokesman 
for the Nation of Islam, the largest 
black anti-Semitic organization in 
America, made a speech. It was the 
one about how the Jews had it 
coming to them in Nazi Germany. 
For three hours he talked, add- 
. . , , .. ing the advice that blacks should 

has. been n neutral teem -r? it is an. slaughter all white South Afri- 
snsult On the grass-roots 'level, it dig th*™ up and slaughter 
means “alien"; on the political lev- them again. He was paid about 
ditmf^“occupkaf” or“member $2,650 in student funds and in 
of the mtftmfltmnal Ameriean-Zi~ enthusiasm of the audience of 

By A. M. Rosenthal 

to avoid Jewish issues raffing toler- 
ance of racism deariy have mule 
xenophobia acceptable in ptiBtteal 
. rhetoric, employed by all 'parties. 
Lr-Rusria, the woiri- u Jew^ oevn- 

omst conspiracy that intends to 
snlgngale ffieRusoan people, rape 
the land and sell off mineral re- 
sources.**' When the president’s 
hardline opponents want to brand, 

black teachers and students. 

And from almost all of Ameri- 
ca’s black political and intellectu- 
al leadership he received some- 
thing even more valuable to him 
and other Mack peddlers of ha- 

tred; silence about the growth of 
black anti-Semitism. 

From rime to time some promi- 
nent blade American 'says some- 
thing critical abont anti-Semitism 
in genera] or about a particular 
outburst. But with few exceptions, 
black political and intellectual 
leadership has kept silent about 
one of the more dangerous reali- 
ties in American life — the surge 
of anti-Semitism and anti-Semitic 
propaganda among blacks, partic- 
ularly among young and more 
educated blacks. 

The “root cause" talk about 
black anti-Semitism — profiteer- 
ing Jewish merchants or Jewish in- 
fluence — is garbage, the old ex- 


r jj . Taking IJ^yatoTrial 

I ’ l»« v j. — e — 

It has been more than five 
since the terrorist bombing of Pan 
Am Flight 103 i>ver Lockerbie, 
Scotland: an act of premeditated 
murder that caused the deaths of 
270 persons. But despite 'exhaus- 
tive investigations we rdnain no _ 
closer to solving that crime than 
we were in November 1991, when ; 
the United States and Britain an- . 
nounced the indictment of two 
Libyan intdtigence officers as ihe 
alleged tombens. : ■ . . 

ubya continues" to riefy the 
United Nations Security Council 
rcsohitions.caDmg lor^ to hfful^ 
twer the grants. And ©ren.ifpsws- . 
ecutida ttthc&voJubyansja an 
American or British cant , woe 
possible, it would hardly provide, 
an adequate fraalcrto das tragedy. 
Such a trial VKWld not be Ukehr to . 
lead to udapBtaMe proof cf lib-. 

_ Or the-tvto coald 
noprotrfandnofrill ao-_ 

^meiilbut to rccogoize its.Hmhar 
tiaos^Sorert^n panon* cannot be 
They lean, however, be -deterred 
from future arts of illegal conduct 
by being held accountable 

a crifl atit two hunfies nmst 
overcome:: Libya needs to be 
shaped of mot vestige cf smadgn 
irarrimri ty that it has under US. law. 
In a ceremony at Aribgton Natioo- 
af Cemetery an Dec. 21, President 
Bfil Qmton stilted that .the attack 
oa Am FE^ 103 wk a deliber- 

ate attack car the United States. As 
such, tibya deserves no protection 
menu tint in a UKcaurL Yet, 

in the U.S. District Court for the 
District of Columbia against the 
government of Libya, on behalf of 
die husband of Ingrid Smith, who 
died on Fan Am Faght 103. 

Don’t Subsidize Hate 

The speech at Kean College was 
shocking and degrading. I Should 
hope that the school was flooded 
with protests. This is an institution 
of higher learning? 


Malaga, Spain. 

- Regarding the report “ A Blade 

Activist’s Inflammatory Speech AMlSfitlidedChie 
Leaves a Campus Sorely Divided u ~ 

( Dec 30): 

. At Kean College in New Jersey, 

Khalid ..Abdul Mohammed, a 
spokesman for Louis Farrakhari of 
the Notion of Mam, was given 
$2,650 from student funds tor a 

talk in winch be said, among other 

tollteitete't&'tJsbjitovaiiinemhto^titih^ cn TeriyakL Qr^Who is the sole 

jam! revoes nca should beJriBed aml that Jews ^nyiving -T; the solution to 

to psatecL their right to immunity . brought the Holocaust on them- 
: selves. The cdlege president, Elsa 

Godxz, insists 

Regarding “ Complete the Qpes- 
tion ” ( Crossword, Dec 24): 

This crossword puzzle, in which 
some clues were in punning an- 
form, included the inaccurate and 
ethnocentric 15-down: “A: Chick- 

lifted and other state 
i jof' lentirisicn. would see 
small price they would . pay 
for their acts;; - 

Can anything be, done to force 
a’s hand; to ensure scedmt- 



ity and the assumption of re- 
sponsftnhty? The U^. govfemmait 
seems convinced that_ criminal 
pumshment » tte >de means of 
«$t£mng jttttio& Art riiere. are 
Other paths to'-jistiri^ induding 
civti riamages in Ji court of law. 
Indeed, riv3, damagevpursuant to 
a dvil trial cm merits, appears tobe 
achieve accocnrfjffity. 

A dvil sah does not seek to re- 
place the prospect til qcmnnalpanr 

final avfl jbl 
: TheUiLgovomnaitwOTWairo 
need to stop refusing to share ew- 
dence repeating Libya on rite 
ground'timt it would comprombe 
the use of such evidence in a crimi- 
nal proseaitkm. Today, the pros- 
pect of criminal prosecution seems 
increasingly remote. 

Although the evidence presented 
in the. Tj.S- c riminal mtHctmeot is 
said' to be -pcnchisiye, it fails to 
name the government qf Libya. 
Only its two ringed agents- are 
Tmmari as defendants. A civil trial 
would remedy that by tocuang at- 
tention on tbe government d Libya. 
And, unlike a criminal trial, it only 
requires proof :of a preponderance 
of evklcMe, not the more exacting 
test ■ — “beyond, a reasonable 
doubt?*— used in ncririnDal'toBl. 



' Washington.' 

On Dec I Xfhe writers filed suit 

Me. MohaiD- 
med has (be right to free spect&i. 

There has been umchcoiifruaqn 
latdy in the United States abont 
the right to free speech. Let me 
. make a distinction. Anyone should 
have the right to stand on a street 
comer (or write letters to the edi- 
tor!) espousing any view, no matter 
hew reprehensible, even Mr. Mo- 
hammed's views. • 

But tbe right to free speech does 
not require — and Mr. Moham- 
med's views do not deserve — a 
pnbfidy subsidized platform. No 
government funds orolher sappon 

should go to holders of such views. 

; Am? government employee, indud- 
iag tenured professors, who sup- 
ports such vile and unrepentant 
jcactszri should be dismissed. 

This “don’t censor, don't sup- 

SraMdSe^aswelL^ 1 ^ 


, Nyon, Switzerland. 

which was, modi to my dismay, 
“Kamikaze pilot.” 

Chicken hardly seems to be an 
accurate description of the tokkoud 
(“special attack" forces, as they 
were actually called), many of 
whom were promising young stu- 
dents; they underwent a rigorous 
screening and training coarse of 
suuulatea self-destruction before 
knowingly giving their lives ai the 
agecd 16 or 17 to what they (albeit 
naively and perhaps mistakenly) 
perceived to be a higher cause than 
self-preservation. Those who may 
have had second thoughts had little 
chance to “chicken out" once in 
the cockpit of an aircraft packed 
with 550 pounds of explosives and 
usually not supplied with enough 
fuel to land after taking oft 
Tbe few young men trained as 
tokkotai who did survive the war 
did so throng bizarre twists of fate 

— not through acts of cowardice or 




BOMBSHELL; The life 

and Death of Jean Hariow 

By David Stem. 373 
$22.50, Doubleday. : 

Rjeviewed by , . ; 

Gerard Weales 

T HE amtihtt between- an ac- 
tress and The peranoafiiy. a» 
embodies on the screes obviously 
■ f ascinat es Dsod Storm. A-w riter- - 
producer for TV shows : 

“Hill Street Bines and 
Hills. 90210." his ?«?>** 
-Clara Bow: Rnrann Wild. At 
though Clara Bpw.rhr ^ 
and fem Hariow. the *30* ptemaa 
blonde, werc ;N» wy^perat 
screen idols, each a rpaobfor her 
decade, and ahhoughBow’srough 

. childhood was very idifferent from 
Harlow’s comfortable,' sheltered. 

' early years. Stem, tries to capture a 
gimilar public versus private i m a g e 
in “BqmhsheiL" - - . 

The sometimes predatory, <d\ai 
tarty, noisy and yet detirable roles 
she usually played' are not to be. 
caofnsed with tbe real Harlow.. 
Comparing the actress to her char- 
. acter in “Hdfl’s Angels." the 1930 
. tdfcthat made her hmnedjatdy vis- 
ible . to- the moviegoing public; 
Surin says that Harlow’s allure 
'‘protected a soft and vulnerable 
ttue iotensdy atffected lw ecmtro- 
versy rad criticism.” More than 
amply “soft , and vulnerable.” the 
Harlow Stetm offers is an earily 
inanmolated yonng woman with no • 
sense of b^rsidf . This is the thread 
-■'oa wtfch Stem hangs the usual 

catalogue of lovara and husbands, . 

of <rand sis (husband Paul Bern’s 
suiddc) and studio coverup, of 
films and fame. 

By 1932, wWi the release of “Red- 
Hcadod Woman,” it became obvi- 
ons thai the striking young w oma n 
who seemed little mare than a gor- 
geous prop in “Public Enemy" the 
year before, was turning into a co- 
median who could project sexuality 
and mock it ai the same time. In 
disenssmg Harlow’s films Steen 
does little mean than give the pkrts 
and recount some of the production 
problems. The book’s most sensible 
statement about Haricw comes not 
from Stem bat from Geoagp Cukor, 
who directed ha- in the 1933 classic 
“Dinner alEght" “Shewasrariqoe 
among actresses. She had that rare 
of speaking lines as though 
didn't quite understand them .” , 
He was not bemg ironic. 


Sixty years after Harlow’s films 
first appeared, it has become obvi- 
ous that the effectiveness of her 
comedy derived in part from some- 
thing more persona] than timing, 
drive, boisterousness. There is an 
undertone erf sadness in every char- 
acter she plays. 

When Harlow died at 26 of acute 
nqilir i t is , she hs*d made 42 movies. 
For most of her short fife, she was a 
convenience to those far whom she 
was a business investment and to 
those who claimed to love her. She 
was misused by the mother who 
gashed over “Baby” and by her ska- 
zy stepfather, for whom she was a 
cash cow; by Howard Hughes, who 
rented her out as B. P. Schidberg, did 
Clara Bow, rad then by MGM, 
which underpaid and overworked 
her. She was used by Bern and Ysy 
her lovers, baser Max Baer and even 
WpHam Powell, who could not quite 
bring himself to many her. 

S tow’s book, Hke most H 

Itefetf Yakuts . 

1066 bocfctfOtt* gS CTgtofl 

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2 PRTVATE PAR’re, 9y Bow . 

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LIGHT, hy Betty J. EaBc — 9 33 

• JOB. AN AFFAIR, by. Eima 
Bombed!——. .7- 

U RARE AIR, by Mttad Ior- 
dan : — ' — - -- _ 

THE WOLVES, by Oariw* 

'fjnfc ela Ettj g 15 


bv MLScoU Pedk 13 


' Lewis Grizzzrd — _ — . II 

Qct dead Amory 12 







Harvey Panel wtth Bod 

Shtrie - — 

TLE RED BOOK, by Hmvey 
Paadc wilh Bod Shralss.— 
NUS, by John Gray 

1 24 

2 8 

3 57 

4 33 

on mterviews, uew^aper dippings, 
other Hollywood books, but he has 
diligently searriicd a great many 
archives ^ — *at least he has along list 
of them. 

As one might expect from a 
scriptwriter far “HD Street Blues," 
' Stain has. too toaay cHff-hangmg 
chapter ends, loo many cruel twists 
of rate and too modi portentous- 
ness: “Now her story can be tdd" 

For anyone who wants to know 
or to remember what Harlow was 
Hke, it is more sensible to pass up 
Stenn’s bock and instead see ber in 
the movie “BombsheH" 

When Marilyn Monroe rejected 
the script for “Tbe Jean Harlow 
Story," she remarked: “I hope they 
don't do that to me after Pm gone. 

Gerard .. .. — — . 

“ Canned Goods, as Conor: Ameri- 
can Film Comedy of the 1930s, K 
wrote Ale far The Washmpon Post. 

cose for pogroms. Tbe cause of 
hatred is hatred. Tbe more it is 
sown, the more it grows. 

Until recently. I never under- 
stood the silence about the phe- 
nomenon of black anti-Semitism. 
It seemed to me so obviously a 
danger not only to Jews but to 
blacks. Bigotry toward any pan of 
society wzU eventually wind up as 
an ax handle to the skull of buck 
hopes. Surely the black leadership 
understood that? 

Then black politicians taught me 
better, they and the NAACP. In 
Washington, the Congressional 
Black Caucus entered into a politi- 
cal affiance, a “covenant" no less, 
with Louis Farrakhan and his Na- 
tion of Islam. And the National 
Association for the Advancement 
of Colored People joined. Wasn't it 
once the hope for brotherhood 
against race hate? Didn’t blacks 
and Jews die for that? 

Jesse Jackson, who lectures 
against violence, said that on racial 
injustice he stood with Louis Far- 
rakhan. Violence? The Nation of 
Islam's teachings would bring na- 
tional bloodletting. It might start 
with Jews, but it would not end 
with them this time. 

Now I know why the silence. If it 
suits their interests the Caucus, Mr. 
Jackson and the NAACP are will- 
ing to ally themselves with the 
salesmen for a new Holocaust 
That is what “the Jews had it 
coming" means: If in Germany, 
why not here? 

To say that the alliance is only 

for black “radal" matters is insult- 

S and ev3, like trying to buy a 
-price ticket out of hell. 

No, not aD black leaders and 
thinkers are parties to silence. Pro- 
fessors Henry Gates and Cornel 
West put the issue and penalty 
most directly: The rise of black 
anti-Semitism puts at stake the 
moral credibility of the black 
struggle against racism. 

Michael Meyers, executive direc- 
tor of the New York Gvfl Rights 
Coalition, spoke up at once agamst 
the “covenanL But tbe general si- 
lence of the leadership about Hang 
black anti-Semitism helps main 
anti-Semitism respectable, pain-free 
and profitable. 

I have heard casual anti-Semi- 
tism from black achievers. Jews in 
the room look at each other in 
astonishment and disbelief. Black 
radio and newspapers spew anti- 
Semitism. Jews have drinks with 
the spewers rad their owners. Ah. 
don't be so sensitive. 

So we wind up with this: Jews in 
America must continue to fight 
against anti-Semitism with every 
weapon of persuasion or power at 
their command, except one — to 
turn themselves into racists. 

The Jews will not fight alone. 
But whether the black leadership 
will join is up to them and their 
constituencies, not Jews. Jews can 
say to them only what blacks say 
to their countrymen: No silence, 
no covenants with blood -seekers. 
And, as the fight against race or 
religious hatred goes on, choose 
your side, whatever color. 

The New York Times. 

S ARAJEVO — It was below 
freezing in the buildings here, 
which have lacked beat, elecuidry 
and running water for most of the 
winter. In the streets, people 
warned me to stay dose to high 
buildings for cover, and to move 
quickly through exposed arras. 
Snipers were not talcing any time 
off for the holidays. I wore a heavy 
bullet-proof vest, and a helmet 
from the UN High Commisaoner 


for Refugees, which didn’t make 
me fed much safer; it hadn'L after 
all, helped the young French sol- 
dier who was shot in a UN truck on 
Dec. 30. He is paralyzed for life. 

The people of Sarajevo lack even 
this protection. About 9,000 rivil- 
ian.s have been killed in the city 
since the war began; 1,000 of those 
woe children. One cf my new 
friends, Izabda, age 9, has been 
lucky — she is still alive. She sang in 
the children’s choir during the con- 
cert I gave at the Sarajevo Winter 
Festival tm Dec. 31 at midnight — 
“Tbe Fust Hour erf the First Day” 
of the New Year, which is the name 
of the association I formed with Dr. 
Bernard Kouchner, the French hu- 
manitarian, after a similar concert 
in Dubrovnik two years earlier. 

The road to the cold, dark televi- 
sion building from the colder, 
darker Holiday Inn where 1 stayed 
was a dangerous one, and the driv- 
er drove quickly and with determi- 
nation, as if we could by sheer will 
put off the hand of destiny. Most 
of tbe buildings we passed were 
bombed-out arid desolate, yet here 
and there we saw laundry han g in g 
outside of taped-up windows. 

At the first rehearsal, I was taken 
aback by the sounds I heard from 
the orchestra — they were without 
body or center, as if from another 
world. The notes had a hollow 
core, like a distant memory. As I 
looked into the musicians’ faces, 
tight and drawn from the loss of an 
average of 30 pounds (14 kflos) 
since the war began, I fell too 
healthy, as if my ringing was too 
robust The ensemble had tost 
many members since the beginning 
of the wan a 26-year-old trombon- 
ist who was to have played with us 
had been kQled only days before. 

Bui as the rehearsal went on, the 
sound grew into something more 
alive. I realized that these people 
had not lost all hope, and I mar- 
veled at the strength of the human 
spirit, able to endure the worst de- 
privations and indignities. 

The people of Sarajevo have, 
however, lost faith in the outside 
world. We have come and gone and 

made too many promises that have 
not been kept, too many huh»c We 
have failed them. And we must 
bear this shame for all lime. 

Why organize a concert in these 
conditions? Because the intellectu- 
als, the musicians, and the ordi- 
nary citizens of Sarajevo inricrarf 
that we come. It was the dty crying 
oat in desperation to the world 
and, through the concert, express- 
ing the determination to survive. 

I did not have the arrogance to 
believe that a concert could stop 
this war. But the musicians, others 
present during the concert, and 
people who had heard it on radio 
or who were able to see it on televi- 
sion told me 1 had left them with 
something precious, perhaps a 
small Dame of hope that they have 
not been totally forgotten. 

The vivid images still before my 
eyes, the constant sound of near- 
by sniper fire and bombing, but 
also the smiles, the tears and the 
hugs will help me to continue my 
struggle for tolerance, human 
rights and solidarity with new de- 
termination and humility. 

In my conversations with Lieu- 
tenant General Francis Brique- 
mont and General Andi£ Sou- 
biro u of the UN forces, as well as 
representatives of the UN High 
Commissi ewer for Refugees, I was 
made painfully aware of the frus- 
tration of trying to cany out their 
tasks under the most ambiguous 
and hostile conditions. They lack 
the power even to protect the 
thousands of courageous young 
men under their command The 
many UN resolutions and the lack 
of will and determination to en- 
force them only add to the absur- 

dity of the war. 

Ine can never be prepared for 
the realities of everyday life here. 
Freedom and democracy do not 
come without a price. They de- 
mand constant vigilance and the 
responsibility and determination 
to defend them when necessary. 
There is nothing more worth living 
far than love and nothing more 
worth dying for than freedom. It is 
not only the soul of Sarajevo that is 
at stake, hut our own as welL 

This is why I have called on the 
leaders of the United Nations and 
tbe United States: Please, for the 
sake of IzabeJa and all the other 
children, for all the victims, for all 
who ding to life, who still manage 
to sing and smile — do something 
now to stop the barbarism. 

Barbara Hendricks, the classical 
singer, is a goodwill ambassador for 
the UN High Commissioner for Ref- 
ugees. She contributed this comment 
to the International Herald Tribune 

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Page 8 



Liberal Democrats 
Yield to Hosokawa 
On Reform Bill 


TOKYO — Prime Munster Mor- 
Quro Hosokawa appears set to win 

litkal reforms next week after the 
main opposition party abandoned 
its policy of seeking delays, party 
officials said Tuesday. 

“We are angered by the forceful 
tactics of the ruling coalition.” said 
the upper house minority leader, 
Tomio Yamamoto of the liberal 
Democratic Party. “But we will sol- 
emnly take part in the delibera- 

Mr. Yamamoto was talking 
about a motion in a special com- 
mittee on political reform that de- 
cided on the schedule for expert 
public hearings, a prerequisite to a 
final vote. 

The committee set the hearings 
for Jan. 17-18, and coalition leaders 
decided Tuesday to put the pack- 
age to a vote in the committee and 
then in the full house on Jan. 19. 
The current session of parliament 
doses Jan. 29. 

The package, designed to intro- 
duce single-seat electoral districts 
and impose stricter anti-graft mea- 
sures, has been stalled in the upper 
house since November because of 

■ - . 

: .... ms***^,^ 

Liberal Democratic Party delaying 

The reform package is the life- 
blood of Mr. Hosokawa’s coalition 
government, which toppled the 
Liberal Democrats ana came to 
power in August promising to dean 
up Japan's corrupt politics. 

Secretary-General Yoshiro Mori 
of the Liberal Democratic Party 
told a meeting of the executive 
board that the party would now 
seek to win a compromise deal with 
the governing coalition over the 
planned reforms, rather than delay- 
ing the debate. 

A showdown could come early 
next week when the Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party's president, Yohei 
Kona, meets with Mr. Hosokawa 
to discuss possible concessions. 

Mr. Hosokawa won a victory of 
sorts on Tuesday when the chair- 
man of the Socialists, the biggest 
party in his coalition, pronusedtuD 
support for a reform package. 

Some Socialist upper house 
members had opposed the planned 
reforms, arguing that the single- 
seat districts would spell an end to 
their party. Five of their coDeagues 
in the lower bouse voted against the 
package when the chamber passed 
it in November. 

■"Ms. : •’ ’ 1 

4k Vft: 

Kqji Smboi/TbcAHOdiiBlPiiK 

A pro tester wearing a mask in the likeness of Ichiro Ozaw a , a leader of the Social Democratic Party, 
demonstrating on Tuesday in Tokyo against Mr. Ozawa’s support for political reform measures. 

Awash in Englmh r Asians Fret 

Leaders Fear an Erosion of Their Cultures 

By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — The rapid rise of English in 
Southeast Asia, where use of that language is 
widely seen as a key to success in bnaness and 
commerce, is arousing the concern of officials and 
intellectuals who fear that Asian values and na- 
tional identity are being eroded. 

Countries in the region face a dilemma, They 
acknowledge that English provides access to vita] 
W estern sa mceand technology as well as valuable 

may be. a dilution of strength^and 

cohesion that have helped Southeast Asia emerge 
in the past few years as one of the fastest-growing 
economic areas in the worii 

Whole Southeast Aaancountries need the widest 
access to information to ‘‘educate car people, 
bring in the latest technologies and compete m a 
very competitive world,” he said, ‘tree access to 
information does not mean haring the market 
deride what values we should have." 

SaQeh Ben JonoL & Mal^ysmn writer, asserted 
that -as a result of Weston programs that were 
being increasingly aired . by local TV stations, 
“whatever Malaysian culture we bad is bring 

fisManguagp tdeviakm programs beamed to view- 
ers in Aria via satellite is adding to regional con- . 

George Yea, Singapore's minister for informa- 
tion and the arts, warned recently that the aMrty 
of governments to control the Sow of information 
was being weakened 

“The flow is becoming a flood,” he said at a 
meeting in Manila of information ministers from 
ASEAN, the Association of Southeast Asian Na- 

This development, Mr. Yeo said, was “a threat 
beca u se, as entire comrmmities, we may lose the 
means to preserve and promote Values impor tant 
tons.” * 

“There is a. Hang ar that our t raditional cultures 
may be drowned by the deingp of films, TV pro- 
grams, videos, books and magazines from the 

Despite opposition from ethnic Malay national- 
ists, a spokesman for the Malaysian government 
said, Malaysm'would allow tcchmcsJ subjects, such 
as science and technology, to be taught in English- 
However, Mahathir Mohamad, the prime minis- 
ter, MnpiM WMri that there would be no basic 
change in tbc government's education and lan- 
guage policy, winch mnlrea Malay the mpm medi- 
um of instruction through, university level 
Anwar Ibrahim, the Malg^asr depirty prime 
minister; said that to survive m the economic and 
corporate arena, Malayrians had to improve profi- 
ciency in English. “We cannot be a trntyprogres- 
sive nation if we do not master a language which is 
in ternationally used,” he-added. 

ing out instruction in English in 1971 to eradicate 
vestiges of cofoniatisoa and hoOd a iwrirmat lan- 
guage identity .among a multiethnic popula- 
tion of Malays, Chinese, Indians and tribal groups. 

In Xndonesiflr where the government hadeamer 
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langMHgw, there is nnncftrii thai thp spread ofEllg- 

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appears every 





International Herald Tribune 
Wednesday, January 12, 1994 
Page 9 

A scene 


the huskies in * Iron Will M 

At the Movies, Dogs Steal the Show 

By Benjamin Cheever 

I GUESS it all started sranetintem'the 
eighth centay B. C Homer bad a prob- 
lem- His mam character, Odysseus, 
wasn’t exactly taming cut to be sympft- 
thetk, The Greti chieftain had just came borne 
from raclringTroy. And — as if that weren’t 
bad enough— be was getting ready to murder a 
large number of boose guests. 

■ fiat, he planned to dispose himself as a 
beggar. Then he was going to be insalted'by die 
boose guests. Then he was going totfflthemalL 
So the great scoradkr tiki what bad to be 
done: He mtroducea the dog. Airc* hadn’t seen 
bis master for 19 years. He was lyfrig ia a dnng 
heap, covered with fle^bta when, he beard the. 
old man’s, yonoe^ he raised, bis head, wagged las 
tail and dropped bis ears. Thai be ffiedT ■‘"V* 
Dogs in bodes and movies ba^beezidoag 
this* or something Eke ivirom (hat day to fins 
one. They lode at os, and they sctgtod.1&' 
body dsc can see it, bat they am. ■ • — 

We had abmiipercrog of dotmomes tiiis 
season. The wise;, forgiving 'St^Seratite of'- 
“Beethavafs2nd7 — asequdtotbcta oraou-^ 
ly popular 1992 film ‘^eethoTO^rj^ sjffl 
drawing a. crowd. Tnm Wffl,’ , a'LfeW film 
about a dog-sled race is about to'bpeajn the 
United States. “Look Wbo'sT^H^^ow!",t|ft 
recent toemary, as is “Man’s Best Pucad.* 
Most dogs m movies are Sfilf dffit'mng'sofe ? 
variation on Algae’s 
tbar pebpfc. 
movies nowaday* 

30or even Ift 
have become 
When “Lasse 
Times’s critic ^ 

“Oftentimes r 

mistake of attributing almost 
nations to maple four-footed brast^Ap out- 
standing virtue ofTbis paettre istbaF 
nothing ot the stxt”Crewd»er fiked 
so much that when posing the cast he 

of mace before he even got to EEzdvSb 
Lassie's bigjob in die movie was to esca 
her new master and go home. Most cC - 
ftir< t^irunt Tv-flWmg snnffa Which ia a fjrfcidf 

fiWU UIU» 

you bite the best schools. 

'This was not uncommon fair dog stops of the ■. 
pasL When they, had to c ommnni ca tv digi : 
jfee is tite mam» of Rm Tin Ik fO.t, 
ity, if you baft drice, that means we shodd ; 

both head Iot the stodrade. If you baft twice, I 
shook! go oa alone, and came back with help. 

■ Baft three times, and IH bngr Time Warner. 8 ) 

‘certmnly^^be made to at^^^tfs tri§: 
camera woft, of coarse, bat animal training has 

don't just wag tb^to^ma^barL^bosi of 
/Jfcain can open doors, ford rivers and cross 
streets in heavy traffic. Beethoven can actnally 
roUhis eyes and does so frequently. Max, the 
Tibetan mastiff who stars m “Man's Best 
.Friendi" wQl ffimh trees and pretend to swal- 
low cats whole. He not only opens doors but 
also peers through keyholes. . 

.. Pmutps the. mos t qla rmmg trend is not how 
smart die anhnah can be but Irow-mqnd the 
people have become. 

LassieJmd Old Ydkx.wnre clever pets, and 
sometmais psydne^ but they were still dogs, and 
happy to take second place to the superior intel- 
lect if then .sometimes wrong-headed people. 
.The dogs «oe kinder, gentler, mare kryal than 
their humans: But if one Janify member was 
gqmgxiff to college, it wasn’t going to be Rda .. 

And while the 
may be difficult to delin- 
eate exactly, T tbfnTc h’s safe to say 
thrf by the timfc“K-9" came out in 
1989, tire German shepherd playing opposite 
James Behirfri was not only higher in the I Q. 
department, be was also better looking. 

. .. As r % Beedx»ravthere , s no earnest. If a 
' Martian wereto drop in on other the big gay’s 
•fet ar'-second star VEhide^Js/gie cook! not 
Jadpimt eouchfde that the dog is the smartes t 
animal^ the household. 

/> lyftrefirit -roovkyJot instance, tire St Ber- 
nard discern the contents of a 

legal document without even reading it Th e ' 
cMdren are griarivriy intrifigan, far humans 
that is, but sffll not nearly as sharp as the peL 
The next most intelligent being after the 
. ehfldren is ihe wife. And the dumb one, the ■ . 
almost dangerously stupid member of die tribe, 
is tire man. The husband. If they weren't so 
%vaHe, tiicsegays wouki be kept in pens. 

... The Dog Bare with Four-Leaf Caster goes 
■ to Charles Gredin, who has hdd together both 
"Beethoven mows and subjected bimsdf to 
any possible indignity. His breakfast is stolen, 
bBCOffeeis spjlled, his shoes are destroyed and 
into Ins briefcase, 
eedjoven, tired of Us promising 
legal career, has fallen in love. He frees Us 
ad, Afissy, from the prison the wicked 
l has had tar locked in, mid then they head 

yet he and his date eat hot dogs and enjoy a 
. movie, complete with popcorn. He even con* 

v rnrwi nry > nf thri ft p athe tic wdnll human males 
The dogs in “Look Who's Tafiong Now” are 
also at least twice as smart as the surrounding 
people. Rocks the mutt and Daphne the poodle 
faflmlcrre despite class differences but still have 

thdrfamfly together. No easy matter, especially 
when you consider that the missus drives-iersea 
and ihe lri dsqfttha mii^ mMmnwM/TrmaTidTnfl 

forest that actually has timber wolves. 

It’s not just that the dogs are acting mere and 
more like people. The people are acting more 
and more tike dogs. Take “Iron W2L" Father 
Stoneman (John Terry) gives his son. Will 
(MacKenrie AstinX a lot of dogKke advice: 
“Your place is whoe your dreams are. Don't 
ever forget that” 

Combine this seat-of-the-pants philosophy 
with what we already know about the stupidity 
of fathers, and we're not surprised when tins 
me drives his sleigh into an icy river and dies. 

At this point the bey’s training is taken overby 
Ned Dodd (August Schcflcnberg), an Indian 
farmhand wiKX, pafraps not surprisingly, is gxxl 
with animals. ‘Trust die dogs,” betdls the boy. 
“Rim with die moon.” “When you come to face 
the thing you fear, kx the Gremtw guide yon." 

HE people in “Man’s Best Friend” 
aren’t as open about their life views, 
but they aren’t any of them , rocket 
srimtists- Meanwhfle, the dog, Max, 
takes 350 spoken commands in English and 
Spanish. He doesn’t always need to be toM, 
ather. When the postman shows up, for in- 
stance, Max not only kills Mm but tben neatly 
buries the body under the house. 

In “Baxter, a 1988 French film (not for 
children), the dirty-white bull terrier is always 
three jumps ahead c if les hunuuns, who seem 
both foolish and conupL 
Andro tire conviction grows: Dogs aren't just 
better than people, they're also smarter. It’s 
already too late, I suppose, for oar children, or 
even our children’s children, but maybe. — 1 
mean, if Darwin had a due — our children’s 
children’s dddren won’t have boys and girls, 
they’ll have poppies instead. Which leaves me 
with just one qoGstioa: Who will buy the ticket*? 

Benjamin Cheever ; whose naed, “The Pan i- 
san,” wUJ be published this mmth, wrote this for 
The New York Times. 

^Perfect World,’ Imperfect Draw 

By Bernard Wemzanb 



about everyone in Holly- 
wood was convinced that 
the film “A Perfect 
World” would emerge a winner. 
How could it miss? • '■ 

The movie paired two ra me 
world’s big£e«t stars. Kevm 
Costner fttm -Clint Eastwood, 

interview tire other day.T just Eked 
tire stray. Bare, a lot of people are 
sfeppiHatalBuijf you don't grow, 
job just gpt-in. a rut. You can make 
sequels and imitations and make 

scree dcw^Bmyou^gra to inalos 

bonanzas. Audiences at 

screenings g»ve : the Him 

marks. Some ontics .sam rag 
Conner bad gvpp-QPC msfipat 
performances in. years, whae 

gastwood's direction of the mowe 
was praised as ftchi^i pcim of ra* 

Eanwood, Costner and the sre- 
dio that produced th^mowe, 
Warner Brothers,: waitedfpr 

crowds to line up at *e 

Tu tins film,” Eastwood said, 
"the aadkaoe wasprobably e^pect- 
ing two gnys wbo’d be at each otlrer, 
•or two pafe onaiWfld adventure. It • 
tesn’t mat kind of fihn.” 

. The brooding movic, setin Tcs 2 S 

is 1963, deals wi4 an. eso?>ed con- 
vict, played by Costnei; who kfcJr 
naps a 7 -year-oid boy imd hdds bun 
hostage as be flees. In the process 
tte boy, who is fatheriess, is both 

ft ^g h rertad 'af andawed byJbe Jdd- 
sapper, derioobg a de^r atbdt- 
mwti tn lam. And iheCoStnerdBap- 

- actear is ttiranaing and gentle, 
treating him Skc a socl - 
• Eastwood a Texas ” 
who pursues Coanc r. AUhi 
renews were n*xed, &net ----- . 
'writing in The Neft Yoft-ThaeSr 

^ ^p lntrfy rivetntf’ and called tire.- 
film “tire i^h p«ni” EastWood , s 
career. Why, tiren, &1 aa- 

ben? .• . 

WsrattBmtoas roentives and- 
movie producers are canvinced,. 
fmff that Costner . is ope of fto« 
/t nintaa entigUv "AmenCffll STOviC' 
. sbo (fflre Guy Cooper) 
ftenoes demand to sec in Ireroie 
■ ides; Bke tire ones he .pjbwd > 

"Robin flood: ftmee of T&eivq?; 
aad “Dances Wfr'WQ&vra^Both 
films were major successes. . * - . 

GSTNER’S last film, 
The. Bo^npatd” vriih 
Whitney Houston* re-’ 

. _ oiyed seme tenadt re- 
views bat grossed an tmespedMifly 
k m» 4122 _m 3 Eoo in fig . Unned; 
States, and SW. anfca; abroad,, 
laigiy because men and : 
women fcurid. Qjsmer so. appealing 
in what was. csseotreSy ft-^ntasy 

about a;„ 
teds a ynpirtg star from a villain. 

The traileis and ads fra “A Per- 
fect Woriff* show Costner in daft 
glasses, hokfiog a gpa and gmnfrmg 
a dgarette; vwt tire young boy be- 
^lmiL“Clcaifyift a movie about 
abduction, and dearly he doesn't 
pear to be a gppd guy” said one 
_ tire top studio ooBcotives here. 
The hero people love to see in the 
movies tern out to be a bad guy. It’s 
a tou^i pill to swallow, especially 
around Christmas.” 

Moreover, studio executives said 
ihft audiences were plainly per- 
plexed and disappointed that tiro 
popular action stars Eke Costner 
ana Eastwood failed to raeet m the 
fihn accept in tire final, tra^c mo- 
ments. In coidiast, audiences tamed 
i outtoseePaiil Newman and Robert 
Redfrad team up in “Buteh Cassidy 
and tbe Sandancc Kid," aud The 
Sting,” and Md Qihson and Danny 
Gtovor as buddies ra the “Lethal 


K case, men.: - 


zshed hrro tire-ffa 1 
tjthre movie 
time .for strafics to 
best way to find *8 

To some ways it’s fiscoon^ing,” 
said John IxeHanebck, tiw 37-year- 
dd screeawriier of “A P«fect 
Wtrfd." T^eih^peqpJehad expeo- 
taJxms of other a buddy movie or a 
nafl-himig ,- edgp-of-your-seal timll- 
ex. Fnhaps pooj^e wanted lots of 
great scenes of CKirt and Kevin 
fti ntring hnera, looking at each oth- 
er, giving eadi other a hard time. 
Tins movie isn’t , that Kevin and 
Qial and WanxxBrothns fiked it 
■Ear what it was. Some people jua 
: wbnld not accept Kevin as an anti- 
hero. The reaBy nice thing is Ins 
reviews have been ou tstan din g.” 

" Another problem was that 
Warner Brot h ers, quite naturally,, 
promoted tire film as a macho 
Cosmer-Eastwood movie. In fact, 
tire Qm is a tender stay, about a 
ypung boy and.a grown man. The 
movie loolrateogher dan it is. As a 
result, exeentivn say, the so-called 
male actira ttiowdhsaves the theater 
fisaf^xsntcd And. women fafl to 

“A Perfect Wraid” also came up 
against the fact that the abduction 
or serious endangoment of achild is 
an issue that often repds fihngoera. 
“A child in jeopardy is just & no-no,” 
insisted one studio madoting execu- 
tivc wbo spoke cm ctwixliiian of ano- 
nymity. “Espedally in tire current 
natkxrel cEmate, wbexc tdeviaim 
news shows lrifjili^it tragic stcries 
of abducted youngsters, tire movie 
was probably mi wittingly hurt by 
reayifc events.” • 

D ESPITE its poor per- 
formance in the United 
States, the film, which 
cost about S3S minion, 
seematobeperfonnmg, far better in 
Europe and Asia. 

Scone executives here think that 
lire film probably appeals more to a 
European sensibility. In addition, 
they say, because Europeans ^ncr- 

anykain about films from newspa- 
jw ads and MD boards, it is some- 
times easier to mattei a film Hke 
“A Perfect World” as more of an 
action film than it realty is. Ameri- 
cans; on the other hand, tend to 
gain a pretty clear idea of what a 
about by watefamg television 

ads and tnrilefs in theaters. 

Mark Johnson, who produced 
the film with David Valdes, said 
simply: *Tm' very proud of tins 
movie. It gat some spectacular re- 
views. Fm certainly disappointed 
.by the domestic boat office.” 

iegoers . don't want to see what they 
expect wiB be a viofem film. - 



ft's never heean easier 
fe subscribe and save. 
. Justcofl toft^ree: 

0 BOO 89 5965 

Bringing Afropop to the World 

By Ken Braun 

G eorges colunet was speak- 
ing to a group of college students 
gathered around tire turntables, 
amplifiers and loudspeakers he was 
setting up cm a terrace on the Madison campus 
of the University of Wisconsin. 

He chuckled as he recalled that evening last 
falL “Before we got started, these guys came up 
to me, saw aH the records and toid me to be sure 
to play a lot of Garth Brooks. Then some other 
kids asked me if I had anything by a band I’d 
never heard of. I was afraid no one had come to 
hear African music.” 

CoHinet was there to promote “Afropop 
Worldwide,” the weekly show on National Pub- 
lic Radio that recently celebrated its fifth anni- 

Several tiroes a year, be visits stations around 
tire United States and holds dance parties, 
spinning the kind of records featured on his 
show. In Madison, he started the evening with 
the alluring sounds of juju drums guitars 
from Nigeria, followed by upbeat SouthAfri- 
«m mbaqanga. 

“Some people caught on immediately,’’ he 
said. “Most of them just stood around with 
their hands in their pockets. But this music is 
irresistible. By the time we got into Zairian 
soukous — uhoal — everybody was dancing, 
even the guys dressed Hke cowboys. When the 
party was over. 1 almost had to can the police to 
TTiati* thwp gp home.” 

Winning new fans for African music is Ccd- 
linet’s vocation. Far a quarter-century the 52- 
year-old Washingtonian played African hits for 
African listeners via shortwave radio, and for 
the last five years he has used “Afropop World- 
wide" to introduce Africa’s myriad styles to a 
wider audience. 

Created, written and produced by Sean Bar- 
low, the only syndicated African music show in 
the United States is heard on 200 pubHo-radio 
stations. The BBC carries the series in Britain, 
the Worid Radio Network broadcasts it to 
home satellite dishes throughout Europe and 
parts of North Africa and the Middle East, and 
it is beard in southeastern Africa over Radio 

C OLUNET, wbo was bom in Camer- 
oon and educated in France, has 
lived most of Ms life m tire United 
States. Shir* 1966, he has been the 
host of “Bonjow I’Afrique,” a program broad- 

Kanda Bongo Man belting out a Zairian soukous. 


cast weekdays from Washington or Paris to 
Francophone Africa over the^ Voice of America. 

For 14 yearn, starting in 1978, he also pre- 
sented The Sound of Soul" on Voice of Ameri- 
ca’s English service to Africa. His two dady 
broadcasts reached an estimated 80 milli on 

But despite the success of his Voice of Ameri- 
ca shows, Coffinet received no interest from 
American radio stations until he met Barlow in 
1987. “Here was an American who genuinely 
loved African music,” CoUinet said, “and who 
also had tire savvy and drive necessary to con- 
duce people to support a show like ‘Afropop,’ 
get the funding, take care of the logistics and 

Bartow, 36, whoisalsolnm Washington, is 
president of Worid Music Productions, a 
Brooklyn-based production company. His first 

encounter with African music was a concert by 
rji Bai Rome, the Gambian virtuoso of the 
i kora. “I was 12 or 13, ” he said, “and 
Td never heard anything so beautiful." 

He took his Erst trip to Africa in 1985, and in 
Ghana, Cameroon and Zaire he recorded con- 
certs, informal performances and interviews 
with musicians. On his return he put together 
an houriong program on contemporary African 
pop music that became tire pilot for “Afropop" 
ana raised money from the Corporation for 
Public Broadcasting and the National Endow- 
ment for the Arts to produce are-hour pro- 

But selling the idea to local public-radio 
statures was not easy. Barlow played the music 
for program directors throughout the United 
States. “They liked it, but they weren’t sure 
about putting it on the air once a week," be 

Nor was it easy to find a host with broadcast 
experience, a distinctive radio voice and a solid 
knowledge of African music. Barlow had been 
looking for such a person fra almost a year 
when CoDinet introduced himself. “Georges is 
a pro," the producer said “And he’s got great 
radio chops. He jokes about his accent" — 
urbane Frareh-Cameroonian — "but it ex- 
presses tire show’s personality perfectly.” 

In 1988, “Afropop" made its debut on 60 
stations, doubling that number the next season 
and reaching 200 the following year. Since 1990 
the series has been called “Afropop World- 
wide” to signify its expanded purview, which 
now also takes in music of the African diaspora. 
Styles of the Middle East, Spain, polyglot Paris, 
the Caribbean and North and South America 
all fit. 

The show’s format varies from week to week. 
Rarefy is it simply a selection of trades from 
records available on the market. Many pro- 
grams are devoted to concerts recorded ex- 
pressly fra “Afropop.” Others take a thematic 
approach, focusing on African and Afro-Carib- 
bean guitar styles, for example, or the rise of 
women as professional musicians. 

One program traced certain rhythms and 
bass lines from West African folk songs to rock 
standards Hke “Blue Monday” and “Louie, 

Once or twice a month, the show presents an 

aural travelogue, taped mostly at a foreign 
location. In one program, “A Visit to Cairo,” 
listeners heard the ancient strains of a . 

Arab flute); the sounds of a Nubian _ 
party; a concert recording of Om Kalsoum, the 
beloved Egyptian diva who died in 1975; a half- 
dozen current hits, with commentary by the 
singers, and the hubbub of Cairene streets, over 
which the voice of a muezzin could be discerned 
calling the Muslim faithful to prayer. 

According to Barlow, the purpose of the 
program is more than simple entertainment. 
“Sure, we want people to emoy what they 
hear,” he said, “but we hope they come away 
understanding something about cultures that 
are very different from their own. Please, 
though, don’t call the show ‘educationaL* That 
makes it sound so public-radio." 

I N same ways, the program reveals an 
Old World to itself. This year the Rocke- 
feller Foundation awarded Worid Music 
Productions a grant to distribute “Afro- 
Worldwide” to radio networks in Africa, 
ho Zimbabwe has been broadcasting the 
series since May, and other stations on the 
continent are negotiating to carry it 

“Coals to Newcastle, right?" Barlow suggest- 
ed. “Not at all. Most radio audiences and 
record markets in Africa are extremely local- 
ized. Everybody knows Michael Jackson, but 
Zimbabweans never have the chance to hear 
music from Senegal, Senegalese never hear 
what’s happening in Ethiopia, and Ethiopians 
have no idea what kind of music is being nude 
in Zaire, much less Brazil or Haiti.” 

John Storm Roberts, the author of “Black 
Music of Two Worlds,” expects “Afropop 
Worldwide" to correct some widespread mis- 
conceptions about Africa. “Many Africans, 
particularly among the elite, regard African 
music as inferior to Western music," be said. 
“It’ll be good fra them to hear an American 
program that takes African music seriously and 
aims out how profoundly it has influenced 
/estera music." 


Ken Brawi, who has written about African 
music far more than IQ years, wrote this for The 
New York Times. 

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lum focuses on the practical applications of international management in a global environment. 

A cohort group of 35 students will begin the five term graduate program on August 22, 1994 
and will culminate its studies by working in teams that will develop business strategies for 
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Partiripants will be drawn from all regions of the world on a competitive basis. Successful applicants 
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International Herald Tribune, Wednesday , January 12 f 1994 

CFA Franc 

THE TR 1 B INDEX: 112 .^ _ _ 

International Herald Tribune World Stock index ©, composed of 
280 Internationally investable stocks from 25 countries, compiled 
by Btoomberg Business News. Jan. i; 1992=100. ’ ■* 

120 — : : r 





. Approx. wefghSng: 32% 
Oose;118.«Prew- 119.39 



p-»* a- ™?. 5°s 


InduCiriat Sectors 



ElWgf .- 11224 112LB7 -0 jfi . CqiMSoo* 
UtBffin 12061 12066 -021 

11030 113.12 ^046 

RwlHBiUt 7 117,12 117-58 -S 

Finance 114JB 114.74 -038 
Services 119.43 11059-013 



1 00 A6 .10127 -1JOO 
,13083 13525 -020 

For nxeertotm^sboutlhe ffiwwi 

WmtoTij>lntiax, 181 AmmChmludaGa^S^21 NmOyCBOeKtiance. 

14 African States 
Bow to Pressure 

Compiled by Our Staff Fran Dispatches 

DAKAR — The ■ 14 countries 
that make up the African franc 
zone decided Tuesday to devalue 
the CFA franc by 50 percent, buck- 
ling to pressure from France and 
world financial mstitations. 

The move will Hkely make the 
exports from the affected nations 
more competitive but could raise 
import prices steeply enough to 
cause unrest in countries already 
beset- by political instability, some 
African nations fear. 

The Communaute Fmandfcrc 
Africaine franc will be wrath 1 
French centime after having been 
pegged to the French currency at a 
2-centime rate fra 46 years. . 

The devaluation, feared for years 

because of its impact on the former 
French colonies, was announced 
after a meeting of teadas from the 
14 nations, inducting 11 heads of 
state. The dh-ector-general of the 
International Monetary Fond, Mi- 
chel Camdessus, also took pul 
The IMF bad threatened to with- 
hold loans and fitumrial assistance 
uni?** the artificially high curren- 
cy’s value was slaved. 

TheTMF argued that the cmren- 
cy’sJngh value drove up the prices 
of exports from the zone, which has 
seen sharp drops of its main com- 
modities such as cocoa and coffee 
because of cheaper competition 
from Asia. 

. Several of the African nations, 
however, argue that devaluing the 
currency will sharply boost the 
prices erf essential imports, such as 
■ food and hid. Price increases in 
those areas have often led to violent 
dial unrest. 

The Dakar summit meeting was 
also focusing' on measures that 
should accompany a devaluation. 

Sources said rant while a uni- 
form rale of devaluation would be 
adopted for the countries in the 
' franc zone, the funds fra providing 
compensation would be shared out 
depending on each country’s spe- 
rific needs. The total amount might 
be oh the order of $2 billion, one 
Western source said in Dakar. 

(AP. AFP) 

VS. -Chinese Textile Talk Set 

The Associated Press 

BEIJING — Negotiations are to resume Satur- 
day in a bid to prevent a trade war over Midi 
Chinese textile shipments to the United States, the 
two countries said Tuesday. 

fTimp-w* textiles and clothing to the United States 
through third countries. . 

China responded with threats of retaliation. It 
also accused the United States of protectionism 
and threatened to seek international arbitration. 

ana huucu, i m uuimm ><■ - — 

official was in Beijing to prepare Tor Treasury 
Secretary Lloyd Benisen's visit to China next 

Mr. Bent sen, who would be the highest-ranking 
U.S. official to visit in more than two wars, is to 
meet President Jiang Zemin and Prime Minister Li 
Feng to discuss trade, other economic issues and 
human rights. The Treasury secretary left Wash- 
ington on Tuesday aud will visit Russia, Th ailan d 
»nri In donesia on the way to Chin a. 

The administra tion of President Bill Clinton 
decided last week to reduce imports of Chinese 
textiles by as much as 35 percent over what it said 
was S2 billion a year in illegal transshipments of 

Dll S=«1IBI UJC *** 

ing import quotas “unreasonable and in disregard of 
international and trilateral agreements. 

But the Treasury official said China was now 
“eager to work something out.” 

The lex tile flare-up comes with U.S. -Chinese 
relations already troubled over China’s human- 
rights policies and international arms sales- 
Relations would deteriorate further if Mr. Clin- 
ton decides in June not to continue China’s favor- 
able trade status. , _ . , 

Mr. Clinton has linked renewal of China s most- 
favored-nation status to improvements in human 
rights in China, where dissidents are imprisoned 
and speech is severely restricted. 

Chemical Sector 
Sets the Pace for 
German Wages 


FRANKFURT — West Ger- 
man chemical-sector workers on 
Tuesday accepted a cut in infla- 
tion-adjusted wages in a deal ex- 
pected to boost employment by in- 

No Progress With Tokyo 

The Associated Press 

TOKYO — A US. official 
spid Tuesday that Washington 
was disappointed that talks on 
opening Japanese markets were 
“going nowhere” despite the 
rharngp in government m Japan 
last year. 

Joan Spero, undersecretary of 
state for economic affairs and 
agriculture, said negotiations on 
reducing barriers to American 
and other foreign products in Ja- 
pan were malting little progress. 

She was in Tokyo to confer 
with Japanese officials and as- 

sess talks on a new framework 
for U ^.-Japanese economic rela- 
tions, under an agreement 
readied last summer. 

Negotiators had hoped to have 
agreements ready before Prime 
Minister Morihiro Hosokawa 
meets President Bill Clinton in 
Washington on Feb. 11. 

U-S. offi cials have raised the 
pressure on Tokyo in recent 
‘ ' mectations are 

Washington for 

when he took office in August to 
ralep the kinds of steps Washing- 
ton had been seeking to reduce 
regulations that foreign busi- 
nesses say make it difficult to 
alter the Japanese market. 

“We thought we would be lean- 

U,” Ms. Spero said. “That's why 
we’re disappointed.” 

In the current talks, Japan has 
a oniyd Washington of trying to 

rumiM men ill waamnwiu ■ — ,, « . - • 

a sriUdsdof agreements to guide manage trade by insisting on nu- 
Ko^^SatkmsT^ merical targets fra shying Ja- 
Mr. Hosokawa promised pan s trade surpluses. 

feeling flexibility into Germany’s 
rigid labor market. 

A 2 percent wage rise agreed for 
the sector is well below the current 
inflation rate of around 3.5 percent. 

A wage freeze for the first three 
months of a 15 -month wage con- 
tract back-dated to the end of Octo- 
ber last year means workers receiv e 
an effective rise of only 1-6 percent. 

Economists said the pay deal was 
a realistic reflection of the continu- 
ing recession in Western Germany, 
where the economy contracted by 
1.9 percent last year — a postwar 
record — and where unemployment 
has hit a record 15 minion. 

The latea sign of a weak economy 
r^TTv Tuesday with the news that 
West G erman gross domestic prod- 
uct fell 0.7 percent in the fourth 
quarter from a year earlier. But 
Economy Minister GQnter Rexrodt 
said the data »n«sk«ri a slight recov- 
ery during the year. 

The chemical sector wage pack- 
age is likely to set the tone for other 
sectors, especially the important 

metalworking industry, economists 

The deal was worked out for 

170.000 workers in the Nortb- 
Rhine area but is expected to be 
adopted by tbe whole rtf the West 
German chemical industry’s 

700.000 employees. 

Unions had initially sought a rise 
in line with inflation, but officials 
appeared satisfied with the result, 
-rall y as management had been 

Westinghouse Sets Layoffs, Cuts Payout 

e for a total wage freeze. 

An IG Cbemie union official 
Hans Terbrack, said, “The inten- 
tion of the employers to achieve a 
wage freeze has been blocked.” 

J. P. Morgan’s chief economist 
Bernhard Eschwdkr said the ac- 
cent was “an incredible deal It 
marks a major breakthrough.” 

In addition to the 2 percent rise, 
the chemicals sector pact has 
opened up a new flexible corridor 
for working hours of between 35 
and 40 hours a week, against a 
standard 37.5 boors. 

Workers who opt to work less 
than 37 J hours gel less pay. Work- 
os who put in more time will not 
receive overtime bonuses. 

In a deal for the carmaker Volks- 
wagen AG condnded last year, 
wages were not reduced by the 
same margin as a cot in the working 
week to four from five days. 

Rank Julius Bfir’s chief econo- 
mist Gerhard Grebe, describing Lhe 
chemical sector pact as “very, very 
important," said tbe agreement 
contained all the dements needed 

The Associated Pros 

NEW YORK — After a tnmuKn- 
ous year in which angry investors 
forced out its chairman, Westing- 

would lay off 3,400 employees, , 
$651 million from nnrnigs and cut 
Its divide nd in a turnaround effort. 

Michael H. Jordan, the new chair- 
man, said Westinghouse planned to 
spin off more businesses- And it will 
offer $500 nuQion in prefened stock 
to raise money and contribute $200 
miitirm in ppHimnn stock to its un- 
derfunded pension plan. 

The moves, announced six 
months after Mr. Jordan was 
brought in to succeed Paul E Lego, 
were aimed at restoring health to 

lhe company after years of dump- 
ing sales and mnltibfllion-dollar 
losses in its financial -services unit. 

The annual dividend will be cut 
in half, to 20 cents, and lhe compa- 
ny’s stock was down 25 cents, to 
$13,875, in Tuesday’s trading on 
tbe New York Stock Exchange. But 
some securities analysts applauded 
the announcement. 

Kemp Fuller Jr., vice president 
at RAS Securities Corp. in New 
York, said he expected further job 
cuts in the future as Westinghouse 
sells off pieces of its business, 
which range from defense to broad- 
casting to environmental cleanup. 

Mr. Jordan, a former PepsiCo 
Inc executive brought in to shake 

up die ailing company, said a total 
of 6,000 of Westmgbouse’s 55.000 
jobs would be eliminated in the next 
two years, many through attrition. 

Among the 3,400 bong laid off 
are about one-quarter of the 900- 
employee work force at Westing- 
house’s Electro-Mechanical Divi- 
sion in Cheswick, Pennsylvania. 
The division has been hurt by the 
drop in U.S. defease spending. 

Mr. Lego stepped down a year 
ago under pressure from institu- 
tional investors angered by huge 
losses at Westinghouse Financial 
Services, which is being liquidated. 
Westinghouse has been further 
hurt by declining demand during 
the U.S. and European recessions. 

Mr. Jordan said the company 
would take a $500 million after-tax 
charge against fourth-quarter earn- 
ings because of the layoffs, the side 
and restructuring erf businesses he 
did not identify, and resolution erf 
legal disputes. 

In addition, the company is tak- 
ing a $95 mflBon charge to add to a 
reserve related to discontinued oper- 
ations, and a $56 million after-tax 
reduction fra an accounting change. 

Mr. Jordan said die company bad 

reduced its debt by $3.2 billion m 
the past year, to $52 biDion. 

Moody’s Investors Service last 
week downgraded Westinghouse’s 
debt to junk status. 

to tiiVe account of the current eco- 
nomic situation in Germany. 

The flexibility would ensure job 
security and the envisaged pay lev- 
els would help Germany reduce 
high unit wage costs. 

Mr. Grebe is now predicting av- 
erage wage rises in west German 
industry erf 22 percent this year, 
compared with 3.8 percent in 1993 
and 6 percent in 1992. 

Mr. Grebe said tbe chemicals- 
sector deal implied that the power- 
ful IG Metall metalworkers union 
would have to step down from its 
daim <rf a wage rise of up to 6 
percent Tbe union has already said 
it is prepared to accept less, if em- 
ployers offer job security. 

By William Glabexson ; 

New YarkThHa Stevie* 

P hiladelphia ■— He newspapa m- 
dnstiy’s aggressive move into dectromc 
media has taken a new step i w?m the = 
Philadelphia Inquirer’s an nouncem ent . 
that it win broadcast afocatrigtyly .. 

Tbe mow to presort “tqmarow’snewsR^ ^ 


a tnajra newspM, rwrasing atoadra^^ . . 

bv poiriidieis too once saw tdewoon ns me eneny. 

It iSl^tbe growing activity o* U-S- newspapm m 

electronic media of aBlypes as newspapetswoato 
protect their pos itions as pnme sopjwras qf mtra- 
matioa in the electronic age- '■ . -• 

Some analysts foresee a day when petsjmahred 
newspaper screens vtifliiKdwte moyii^ video nfr- 
ages m addition to text. _ . 

NcwspaciOT have been experinwrtmgwdlivmi- 


One of the most extensive p^ec* » Jar is Ore 

Chicago Tribune: - . - _ 

"P, Anthony Ridder.lhe presdoit w ttefr^ ug- 
er’s parenL Knight-Ridder hux, aim o jmc ed the 
^tare^ndaji He and it ."f. 1 l B * te> m lhe 
company’s ^evolmirafcom print to a 
information provider." 

vision — — — . . 
program would be a prototype 

Knight-Riddcr ventures. . , 

514 ^ ^ 

mnitimgHa n-dioflar investment including hiring 
on- and off-camera staff f ra the program. 

Executives said lhe program would follow the 
oraunzalkm of the next mammas Inquirer and 
wxildmdude segments based on the oewspawa’s 
investigative journalism. But they said it would ro 
far beyond a simple reading of artides that would 
appear in the next day’s newspaper. 

■ Tbfy that as many as 50 television j ournal- 

ists would be briefed about coming newspaper 
reports and would prepare television reports on 
those subjects. Newspaper journalists will appear 
as interview guests. 

Competitors said The Inquirer’s rraources 
would give its news program credibility. But, some 
of them said* television, presents different chat 
W p* from those faced by print journalists. 

“Having the resources of The Philadelphia In- 
qmreris a wcmdcxf iil asset ,” said Roger LaMay, 
the news director of WTXF, thelocalFox affiliate. 
“Bm hem they’re going to use those assets and how 
they’re®oing to translate those assets to television 
remains to be seen.” - - 

■ USA Today Tarns a Profit 

. reties called it McPaper. Fast-food journalism. 
Andwrase.BntUSAT(Aiy ^suiwed^now. 
the newspaper that an analyst o^Jabekd^Jhc 
most eamrofitabfe newspaper m the totray of the 
walcT has just ctimpletedritsfirrt^ 

*' The paper, which sdls more than 65,000 copies a 
day in 90 countries outride the United Standstill 
fliyg iyn twlcft a. profit on its international edition, 
a spokesman said. 

■ after a decade of losses estimated at $600 
raiffirai, USA Today had an operating profit of$13 
.minioin on revenue of $367 muBonm 1993. accoro- an estimate by Tpd A. Jacobs, a securities 

analyst m Sanford C Bernstein & Co. Tbe newspa- 
per tosaid it made its first pn^t last year, but it 

has not said bow much. 

QVC Won’t 
lift Bid for 


NEW YORK — QVC Network 
Inc. said Tuesday it did not plan to 
raise its bid for Paramount Com- 
munications Inc. in spite of a re- 
vised rival offer by Viacom Inc. 

*T still thmk Paramount is a 
great opportunity," said Barry 
DiUer, chair man of QVC “But the 
bids are in, and let the public de- 
cide. As for me, I’m finished.” 

QVC, a home shopping ch ann e l 
operator, and Viacom, owner of 
MTV. Nickelodeon and other cable 
networks, have been fighting over 
Paramount since September. 

Both companies are offering 
combinations of cash and stock fra 
Paramount, which owns a major 
Hollywood studio, the Simon & 
Schuster book OTbKshmg opera- 
tion and two New York sports 
twungj the Rangers of hockey and 
TC nicks of baaketbalL * 

Analysts have said the bid from 
QVC is higher than Viacom's latest 
offer. Paramount's board has en- 
dorsed the QVC offer and is sched- 
uled to meet Wednesday to consider 
the latest Viacom bid. . 

The new Viacom bid contains 
about $700 million more cash than 
tbe QVC offer, but analysts said the 
stock portion, is so low that the total 
value of the offer is less lhan QVC&. 

(AP r UPl, Reuters) 

Banking Clients Have Always Expected 
Outstanding Personal Service. 
Today They Find It With Us. 


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Source: Reuters. 

D uring the Renaissance, 
trusted advisors helped 
administer the finances 
and protect the interests of private 
individuals. The role demanded 
judgment, commitment and skill. 

Today, clients find that same 
personal service at Republic 
National Bank. We believe that 
banking is more about people 
than numbers. Its about the 
shared values and common goals 
that forge strong bonds between 


3fc "U 

banker and client. It’s also about 
building for the future, keeping 
assets secure for the generations 
to come. 

This client focus has contrib- 
uted to our leading position in 
private banking. As a subsidiary of 
Safra Republic Holdings S-A. and 
an affiliate of Republic New York 
Corporation, we’re pan of a global 
group with more than US$4 bil- 
lion in capital and US$46 billion 
in assets. These assets continue 

to grow substantially, a tesrament 
to the group’s strong balance 
sheets, risk-averse orientation and 
century-old heritage. 

All banks in the group are 
locally managed, attuned to 
the language and culture of their 
customers. They share a philos- 
ophy that emphasizes lasting rela- 
tionships and mutual trust. Those 
values were once the foundation 
of banking. At Republic, they 
have been and always will be. 




,,WD0.™E<;E.B» .204 • f»CE Ml IJC - TEL- ■ ™S55 




Page 12 


Stocks End Lower 
On Profit-Taking 

Via AHodaM Free 

< v<;. 

NEW YORK — Stocks fell in 
active trading Tuesday as the blue- 
chip sector's steady advance since 
the start of the year and Monday’s 
record-setting rally attracted prof- 

The Dow Jones industrial aver* 
age, which surged 44.74 points, to a 

H-Y. Stock* 

record 3,865.51 on Monday, 
slipped 15.20 points, to 3,850.31. 

Eleven issues declined for «ich 
nine that advanced on the Big 

Treasury securities were mixed. 
The bellwether 30-year Treasury 
bond was down 1/32 to 100 5/32. 
The issue's yield, which moves in the 
opposite direction of its price, was 
6JA percent, up from 623 percent 
on Monday. Trades said the bond 
market gave up most of its early 
gains after Johnson Redbook, which 
tracks retail sales, reported sales 
during the first wedc of January 
jumped 5 percent from December.' 

Ralph Bloch, senior vice presi- 
dent and chief market analyst at 
Raymond James & Associates in 
Sl Petersburg, Florida, said the 
market had moved since the start of 
the year “in an almost perpendicu- 
lar way and that almost always in- 
vites some profit-taking." 

Mr. Bloch said a modest pull- 

back would be “a positive for the 
market it will take off some of the 
upside pressure. We need to pause 
for a day or two.” 

Tdefonos de Mexico led the 
most-active list on the New York 
Stock Exchange, jumping IK to 
66 *. Hie stock traded actively for a 
second day amid reports the Mexi- 
can §pvermneat would sell its re- 
maining 1.5 percent stake through a 
convertible bond offering. 

American Express followed, ris- 
ing Ift to 30ft 

Echo Bay Mines led the American 
Stock Exchange actives, up ft to 
14K. Gold was up about S3 an 

Schlumbergpr sank IK to 59ft 
amid reports Donaldson Lufkin & 
Jenrette cut its investment rating on 
the stock to “neutral” from “moder- 
ately attractive.” 

Seagate Technology was down 
1ft to 24ft after reporting fiscal 
second-quarter earnings of 59 cents 
a share compared with 91 cents in 
the year-ago period. 

Biogen Inc shot up nearly 10 
percent after an analyst at Vector 
Securities upgraded the stock and 
an analyst at Oppcnheimer & Co. 
gave it a “buy" rating on optimism 
about the company's treatment for 
multiple sclerosis. The stock was up 
4 at 45ft. (UP I, AP, Bloomberg) 

Dow Jomt Aytragta 

Indus 3B3U7 38tU1384&81 3859X1 — 15X0 
Trn 1B1LS* 1B19J8 1811X6 1812X9 — 7J? 
ua 22X64 12429 221.33 222.1t — UN 
Coma 1409.84 MU37 140*64 140UD — iff 


g ws 



“V- v:' <■ 

.. •/jfAiw.H ./a 

NYSE Host Actfvos 

56107 67% 
50995 31 V: 
4B033 29% 
37938 13% 
36143 SVi 
35197 14 
35160 59% 
33249 25% 
28567 69 U, 
Z7104 7 
739*0 37 V, 
23311 35V> 
23052 S3% 
22964 21% 
21234 60 

SP 500 
SP 1D0 

HMi Law a ok Orta 

55X49 551 XS 552.12— U7 
44179 4009 <41X9 —419 
1«68 16X70 16U0— 072 
4*90 4445 4*88 -HM2 
4713 47X27 474.13 — 1.14 
40923 437J1S *3736 — 127 


Man low msf chs. 

Py’PWtW J«7 6 241X1 24226 — OJB 

Industrial 321.94 32083 371 25 —a <7 

tvomp. 2S-S mm — iji 

ynwy 22X73 224JB 225.11 

I ■=***<» 21149 217.98 71164 + MQ 

i NASDAQ bidttxM 

Comoosfle 78133 78*0 78449 —a Tn 
kKA i t l rki fe 822.94 82047 82092 — SJU 
Bortcs 69081 46B66 689.18 — 0J6 

inxuranca 91226 9C7J2 91120 +1.04 

Rnenc* 891X4 889.97 89060 -OJS 

Trema. 74122 741 xi 7 74126 — 420 * 

mattes 1B2J1 180.98 18098 -1J3 

AMEX Stock Index ~ 

HWl Low Close QfM 

47989 <7042 <7927 4-059 


Close HM Low prw.CMK 


sterling per metric taMpti of H teas 
Mar 881 882 901 881 899 901 

MDT 897 0 W 897 915 917 

JBl Ml 912 930 911 928 931 

S8P 8 927 946 928 944 945 

Est Sales 1.331 

come tLco 

Dollars per metric lontos of S tow 
Jon 1,188 1,189 1,191 1,190 1,187 1,190 

Mar 1203 1205 1210 1X00 1X06 1208 

Mar !X08 U01 1X07. TXK! 1303 

Jel 1,197 1,199 1212 1,199 1,198 1211 

SCP 1,197 1,199 1200 1,199 1,199 1202 

NW 1,196 1299 N.T. N.T. 1299 1202 

Ml U97 1,199 N.T. N.T. 1,197 1202 

Est. Sqm 6225 

HMi Law Close CVM 
Donors oar metric hm-m ol 0 too* 


Toys ’R’ Us Oudines Expansion Plan 

PARAMUS, New Jersey (AP) — Toys Us Inc said Tuesday it 

Bond A 

20 Bonds 
10 Utilities 

10 Industrlois 


Dcflors per metric tm 

ape f 115X50 115450 115320 115400 

Forward 117000 117120 117020 117120 


DoMrs ptr nwtrfc too 

Spot T73JJD 175150 174020 174120 

Forward T772J0 177320 176120 7761.50 

Donors per mefrlc ton 

Soot 47150 <7X50 

Forward 48400 <8*50 


Nflui Mr metric tan 
Soot 548S2B 549020 

Forward 3452a 555820 


AMEX Most AcHm 

Weak German Economy 
Depresses the Mark 













9358 14% 
832S yr u 

79B3 5% 

7869 5% 
4149 8% 
5447 39% 
5225 10% 
5128 4% 
4964 43 
4859 7% 
3810 29% 
3179 26% 
2931 <7V» 
2721 <7% 
2712 5 % 

NYSE 4 sun; volume 3 04630000 

NYSE wnv. cons, close J8BX4U0 

Amex< pjn. volume 19XQL3B5 

Amax prev. cans, close 2X4E7200 

+ % NASDAQ 4 fun. votum* 371229200 

_iA. NASDAQ prav. 4 mn. volume 313X2X88 

N.Y.S.E. Odd-Lot Trading 


Jan. 10 1.193066 

Jan. 7 944336 

NYSE Mary 

— J* Buy Sole* SQarT 

+ Jan. 10 1.191366 1477275 87224 

J<*1. 7 944336 1221,157 87207 

+ yt Jan. 6 961 277 1JB24S3 114270 

_£ Jon. 5 961909 L596296 109,453 

_3; Jan. 4 899 ADO 1,446258 M47S 

4 % ‘InciuOed In foe aotes figures. 

SAP IOO Index Options 

PrlaSu Dec *b Ft* 

Complied by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — The dollar rose 
against the Deutsche mark and most 
other major currencies on Tuesday 
amid growing pessimism about the 
lackluster German economy. 

There were also expectations 
that a series of data due later this 
week may show growth in the Unit- 
ed States. 

“Nobody likes the Deutsche 
mark right now,*' said Peter Mi- 
chaels, assistant vice president at 

Foreign Exchange 

Fuji Bank. Concern about Germa- 
ny’s lingering economic slump is 
keeping pressure on the country’s 
currency, he said. 

The dollar dosed Tuesday at 
1.7419 DM, up from 1.7337 DM on 
Monday, ft has risen four pfennig 
against the mark since Dec. 29. The 
dollar rose to 112.495 yen from 
11L250 yen. 

The mark fell against uugor cur- 
rencies Monday after the German 
government said gross domestic 
product fdl 1.3 percent in 1993. 
The report prompted speculation 
that the Bundesbank would cut in- 
terest rates soon to spur growth. 

“The mark won’t do well against 

any currency until the second half 
of the year" when the German 
economy starts to show signs of 
life, said Martha Eden, vice presi- 
dent at Hanseatic Group, a curren- 
cy trading fund. 

The market was also expected to 
closely watch a series of U.S. data 
expected in the course of this week, 
notably a producer price report for 
the month of December which is 
due on Wednesday. That report 
was expected to indicate whether 
inflation is rising fast enough to 
prompt the Federal Reserve Board 
to raise interest rates. 

The pound weakened against the 
dollar but it rose against the mark, 
buoyed by growing confidence in 
the British economy. The poand 
rase to a five-and-a-half-monu high 
of 15976 DM. up from 15896 DM 
on Monday. “Out of all the coun- 
tries in Europe, the UJC. is in the 
best economic shape," said John 
Nelson, chief foreign-exchange deal- 
er at Barclays Bank. 

The pound weakened, however, 
against the dollar, dipping to 
S 1.4900, down from $1.4930. 

The dollar rose to 1.4780 Swiss 
francs from 1.4715 francs and to 
5.9210 French francs from 5.9060 
francs. (Bloomberg AFX) 

Total Nwao 
New lows 

S» - m - 

Amu Diary 

Total Issues 
New Urns 




1002 1326 Price ibt hUa M 

1152 BS2 SB — — — - 

598 564 X S» - SM - 

27S2 2742 3N - - - - 

116 137 S5 - — — - 

10 10 4CB — — - — 

405 - - - - 

no » s — — 

415 3M - 75*- 

CO 19% 15* an - 

425 14% 15* WO - 

« 9% n% n u 

Pra*. 425 5% 7% fft — 

300 M & M A A 

xm 445 % 2% 4% - 

238 450 1% 2% I* 

530 455 % % 1% - 

34 (MB MM vflLmat iBtal 
3 ftrteMsrwiflBJMrMafi 

1326 Price Hit Ok m Ft* MN Dec m ft* 

8S2 1 k t 6 I 

564 xm-sn-ii-s- 

E742 38— ---**« 1* 

132 B5 — — — — fc % 1 - 

10 INI* 

405 — — — — * % Ifc - 

-I noD%2S--*%i%3% 

4I53M - 25% — % 1% 2% — 

CO 19% 15% B% - % Ik S 4 

425 14% 15% 14% — % 2% SI — 

4s i* nt n u % i c%tv> 

Prav. 425 5ft 7% fft — 1*4*M6 — 

300 HStAAnHARin 
J2D 445 %2%4% — 7»9*l — — 

238 450 14 1% 2% 3% — H T7% 16% 

550 455 % % TV. — — — 2D — 

34 ONb:MMvaLaUB;MaiapantaLQU87 
3 RNc M ar wtnBAW H of aow testa 

DK12 Dec 14 DecH DkN Dk94 DkB 

— 32% — — — % — — 

« — — — % — — 

379. - - - % - 

40 — — I— l - - 

Prav. 4» - - - 1 % 2% — 

1.579 45 — — — 2* 4 - 

uzi Cafe: InM mil; MS am M. 71X1 

1,644 FNKleM<iOL4m:laUMKU.13aM 
Saarct: CBOE. 

5CCl 47603)0 47703X1 

Forward 4B10JXJ <82000 

ZINC (Special HWi Grade) 
Dailm ph- metric lap 
Sp ot . 9613)0 9823N 

Forward lOOOOO 1 002330 

pSmd Gore Seeks Toll-Free Data Highway 

thhigh J 

^ jjJj The Associated Press 

■ coon- LOS ANGELES — Vice President A1 Gore asked the trteconimnnica- 
’ in the uons industry Tuesday to provide free Hnks Rom the “informatiGO super- 
1 John highway” to every classroom, libraiy and hospital in the United States. 

^ deal ‘ Mr. Gore offered representatives of tbe tdecommmiications, computer 

_ w _ vf> . and entertainment industries less-restrictive regulations if they agreed to 
v'~ v ” ’ freely provide information from those who have it to consumers who 
j ° could mak e use of it 

3 Swiss He said the government would propose an end to the current maze of 
and to communications regulators, allowing interactive com munic a ti ons to come 
5.9060 under a singe system. “In return, they would provide their services and 
l AFX) access to their facilities to othera on a nondisermrinatoy basis,” be said. 












Nafc la 
Poa laic 

1350 1360 
118 »» 
208 211 
319 298 
95 95 

£ 3 



yinsMh :,v 

122 I 



BBV 3095 3015 

Bca Central Hh*. 3245 3160 

Banco Santander &S40 6459 


Drooodos 2515 2465 

Endesa 7TM0 69W 

EfCTOS 148 150 

iDvrdrala I 1820 1610 

R»WOt 4775 4679 

Tabocalera 4340 442D 

Telefonica 1945 1939 

K»aur ! " 


BoncaCowm <W2 ent 


Amcor 7.95 

IS ™ 

acral *39 

Bauoalnvllla 0.90 

Co%5Mrar S43 

Cnmok» 4J7 

CRA 153D 

CSR 5.13 

□wMap 539 

Festers Brew 1J8 

Goodman FMd 1J3 

ICI Australia 1CL46 

Moaeiicn Z20 

MIM 272 

Nat Aust Bonk 123Q 

News Carp 9M 

Nine Network 534 

H Broken Hill 180 

Pioneer Inn 271 

Nnw dv P oseidon 260 

OCT JtfMWan 7 TB 

Santos 4JB 

TNT 218 

lYemmMMng 7.12 

MtofpOCBMfcttV 467 

Woodskte 4358 

arMr : ” 

Akol Eleetr 
AsqM owmlcnl 

Brit Airways 
Brit Gas 
Brit Sieet 
Brit Telecom 


Cerates 770 

CltVOev. 7.25 

DBS 1170 

Frtuar Neovc 17.10 
Genllna 1770 

Gotdm Hone Pt 144 
Haw Par 264 

Hume industries 575 
incTicnjje 6 J 0 

VM6t\ 1160 

KLKanang 142 

Lum Ousts 2JQ 

MaWvan Banka 9 JO 
OCBC 14J0 


oue bjo 

Samoanatis 1540 

3SZSX ^ 


Stare Land 680 
Stan prow 1520 
Smb SteatnsNp 4J* 
Stare Telec om m 372 
Straits Trading 194 

UOL ’3 



Alcan Aluminum 2>% 19K> 
BaUk Mantreut 27% 27% 
Bell Canada <6 42% 

BamDordJer B 21% 11% 
camwor 22 % 22 

Cascades 7% • 

Dominion Tnt A P% 9% 
Dononua A 23% 23% 

Tji MacMinanBl 22 % w* 

Asea A 
Astro A 
Alias Coaca 
Electrolux B 
Investor 8 

415 <20 

610 612 
188 198 

428 *30 
277 900 

361 351 

129 113 

122 123 

T77 173 

I Norsk Hvdro 237JD234J0 

Vb A n o cio tB dfTaw 

Msh Lew Open Matt Low Qase a* OpJnt 


WHEAT (tatOT) 

5JW) bu minimum- deftrs perbudwl 
39M 388 MnrM 3JB IK Xm 

iom sis McyNiem sasm x*> 

149 234 JuiM 346 XO 344% 

131 182 S«PM 146% 368 346 

357% IMS DSCW 383% 3J5% 3J3% 

127 U1 JuISS 

Est. soles 12000 Mon’s. KSes Ojm 
Mon’ sepenM 56^9 off 341 
«W*T (KMT) 

&800 bumMmwn- dolora pw 0UMI 
391 23* Mar 94 3B 113% 329 

369% 238 May *4 344V, 365% 361% 

348 237 JU 94 342% 343% XQ% 

341 30m5m« 341% 343% 341% 

3JB 112% DOC 94 ISO 3J1% 3JB 

3J2% 3S2 Mcr 95 

EsLicdet NA. Man’s, sales 3489 
Mon^ op en lie 414B aB *n 

64MbarrMrein».dB8anperbuM _ 
389% 242% Mcr 94 181% 306% 342% 

3M% 2JB%MOyM3ai% XII 388 
X15 241 JUM 388% 311% 388% 

132% 240%SSPW U7% 311% tW 

277% 234% Dec* 26TA 27D Z«% 

377% X53%M0r9S 374 275% 174 

380% 274% MOV 95 17S 278% 321 

241 376% JuITS 377% 329 777% 

2Jin 356 Dec 95 356% 358 355% 

EAtOtat 53JX0 Men’kaSB 6A9M 
Mon’sopenM 34975* off 1741 
yniEAifi loon 
5480 bu irMtium- cMm oer buM 
7Jt 526% Jen 94 682% 6J6 6J1 

734 589% Mar PI 6J0% 434 *88% 

7J1 572% May 94 471% 636 *92% 

7 JO 394% Jul 94 *53% *97% 657% 
775 *28 AUB94 447 *51 6M 

641 417 Sea 94 466 647 64S 

747% 545% N0v 94 445% 467% 464% 

663% *11% Jan 95 *5) 451% 441% 

467 642 Mar9S *51% *56% *54 

*66 642%JUI»5 „ 

*58% 541 % Nov 95 *37 *31 *27 

ES.S0OS HUM Man’s. sales 57459 
Man’s opaiM 174465 all 2S92 
IDO ions- ckAn per kn 
72033 184. 81 Jm 94 19880 11828 I9SJ0 

237 JD 18*20 Mcr 94 19320 19558 19*18 
2040 lS5-S0Moy94 19970 19948 19688 
23048 19X20X69* 20508 308.00 19748 

22X81 193JBAU0M 19BJ0 198.90 19740 

31088 mjOSMiP* 197* 197 JO 19640 

38640 19648 OdW 195N 1V598 196J8 

38940 660 Dec 96 19S4B 19350 19640 

20040 19440 Jan9S 19S40 19*40 19*50 

EN.SC6M 20408 Mon’S.BSM 15408 
Mfln'taoenW 63639 up S13 

AIM %*- dolws per 100 b* 

29 JO ENJOIN 3568 28JS 2547 

2924 31.13Mar96 233 2390 2U 

29X3 21 JO May 94 2322 X60 All 

2390 21 .55 Jut 94 3745 A13 3268 

2325 2165AU094 7337 2745 3747 

Z768 23«Sw»9* 3*60 1640 2*60 

M4S 23180d9l 2*75 254S 2*75 

2*90 8.90DOC94 3*30 213 3530 

25jC 2245 Jan 9S 2*10 2S25 2*00 

at. Hies 22400 Mari’*, sofes 20461 
Ma%mnU 9*877 all 407 

SSesan Seam 
HHi Low 

Open Holt Low Close Os OpJrS 

U5%— 089 33583 

342%— 301% 9.17S 
166% 12497 

368 *048% I4M 
335 —040% 1,925 
337% 6 

343%— AIM 22438 
346% — 041 7yB4 

364% 9451 

365% +581 1,7*5 

3J0% 968 

3J2% +880% 

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X10% +501% 0390 
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2-71% +841% 7354 
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351 +502 16 

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597% +085% 3568* 
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19*29 -240 39631 
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3*15 +042 195 

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1049 15576695 

1049 1557 Oct 95 1048 1841 1048 

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10 m etri c to n - S per ton 
1495 9S3MO-94 1131 1H» • 1115 

IMS 978 May 94 1148 1172 1UD 

1365 9I9J4M 1204 2204 1187 

2377 ISXSepW 1234 1229 2215 

1389 1841 Dec 91 1259 1298 045 

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1M0 1111 May 95 

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Page 13 


:i ' «- 
- . ■■*3 




;e *tios 

1 Prt^i 

r’fv-i ) v» 


By AnaWestlcy 

York Tima Serriec 

MADRID — Mario Cond**. the 
ousted chairman of Banco Espafiol 
de Crfedito, claimed .Tuesday that 
the Bank of Spam’s intervention 
late, last month was unnecessary. 

Breaking the silence he hadmain- 
lained since be was dfemfowi by 
Spanish monetary authorities Dec. 
2tCMr.Conde admitted that Ban- 
esto “had problems” Inn that these 
woe greatly overe s t ima ted by the 
banking authorities and could have 
been solved this year if bis own 
rescue ptev backed by J. P. Mragan 
& Co., had been given a chance. 

Mr. Conde insisted that the 
bank’s liquidity, solvency and sta- 
bility in np way warranted the cen- 
tral bank’s decision to take over, 
and he quibbled over the central 

hanfck anr rainrinfl fritarin 

At a news conference, Mr. Conde 
disputed (every figure tint the cen- 
tral bank had used as a justification 
for its emergency takeover of 
Spain's thud-laigest bank, mea- . 
sured by deposits. But he ruled out 
dramatic legal confrontation with 
authorities, saying he was fifing only 
an “ordinary . administrative ap- 
peal,'* or legal affidavit, rejecting the 
Bank of Spain report Mr. Conde 
said he was discarding other legal 
options to safeguard the image of 
Spain’s financial institutions. - 
Mr. Conde defended his man- 
agement of Banesto, which he said 
had the full backing of J. P. Mor- 
gan. The U.S. institution had 
picked Banesto as its first high-risk, 
high-return investment in its Cor- 
sair fund, which had an &17 per- 
cent stake in the .troubled Spanish 
bank. A Mwgan vioe chamnan, 
Roberto Mendoza/was a Banesto 
board member as well Mr. .Goode 
masted that Se had the full airport 
of Morgan only days before the 
central bank’s takeover. • 

The fanA of Spam hastily took 
over Banesto claiming the. entire 
financial - system was threatened. 
The central bank governor; Luis 
Angel Rojo, toJd .the legislature 
that Banesto had, a. gross shortfall 
of 500 bQfion pesetas (S35b3Kon), 
a figme Mr. Qnde saiduns overes- 
timated hy40Q"bflfian pesetas. The 
new manag ers fear the.. shortfall 
-could be be much higher than the 
. central bank's calodatian- • 

The Bank of Spain report rejected 
Mr. Conde’s retfrodtunug puna as 
insufficient and tsueimsiic.--U abo 
questioned his accounting niwhods. 

The banker, who came to repre- 
sent the f ‘gai-rtiA~qaidv” schemes of 
the late 1 980s and was a Dambqyant 
idol for many young people, ndmiv- 
ted he made, “some mistakes" but 
blamed Banesto’s -problems on the 
generalized S puiwh reresskw ?- 
Drf ending sharfhnldffr g iffld fnS 

own 5 percent stake in Banesto, Mr- 
Conde said a rapiial reduction was 
unnecessary. Bancsto's new charr- 
man. Albedo Saem, is negotiating a 
silvage plan that will try to protect 
investors’ equity from being drasti- 
cally slashed or wiped out, accord- 
ing to a top manager of the new 
prim team t n wn nyment. 

“I have all my net worth tied tqt in 
the Banesto investment, so you can 
■ rmagnw b ffw im p ortawt the bank is 
to me," he added. He said he has 
hot yet taken a decision whether to 
appear at the next shareholders 
meeting that will be asked to ap- 
prove the rescue plan. 

“Cotide appeared to be totally 
conciliatory to salvage his own pat- 
rimony," said Ennbo Ontiveros, a 
‘ director at Anatisis Fmanderos In- 
temadanaleL “The is^nessko we 
have is that he is not looking for 
combat although be tried to save 

F.M I Debuts in Frankfurt 

New Chief Vows to Resist Manipulation 

By Brandon Mitchener 

Imematkmat Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT— His first words were “1 under- 
stand both German and French,” but Alexandre 
Lamfalussy, president of the new European Mone- 
tary Institute, said Tuesday that he would resist 
monetary manipulation in either longue. 
fTbe Bundesbank is one of 12 central banks 

represented within the EMI," Mr. Lamfalussy said 
after the institute's inaugural meeting in Frank- 

furt’s Gty HalL 
"Some are more equal than others, he said, 
acknowledging the Bundesbank's place as the most 

powerful central bank in the European Union. 
“But I will not accept any greater influence from 

the Bundesbank stung here than if 1 were ritting at 
the top of a mountain somewhere else,” he added, 
in neutral English. 

He also said there had been “no decision yet on 
a director-general for the institute, though France 
has lobbied for front-row representation. 

' The central banker's declaration of indepen- 
dence was music to the ears of Germans, who 
widely regard the political independence of the 
Bundesbank as vital, and a sign that Mr. Lamfa- 
lussy, who was known as the central banker's 
central banker in bis previous capacity as head of 
.the RanV fox International Settlements in BaseL 
intends to play an active role in moderating and 
drfjning European monetary policy. 

“You can be persuasive, you can try to under- 
stand how the others are thinking and you may 
come lo a joint conclusion that there is an interest 
that we cooperate." he said, describing how he sees 
his role as mediator between Europe’s sometimes 
argumentative central banks. 

Mr. Lamfalussy also said that the institute, the 
fore runner of a European central bank, would 
immediately go about its business of establishing a 
framework for monetary policy monitoring and 
coordination with the goal of introducing a single 
currency within the European Union by the end of 
this decide. . . 

The timetable has “slipped" from its original 
d eadlin e of 1997 as a result of two exchange-rate 
crises, but otherwise stands a reasonable chance of 
bang fulfilled by 1999, he said, noting a "remark- 
able process of convergence" among Europe’s larg- 
est economies. 

Though the first meeting of the institute was 
largely ceremonial, its council which is made up of 
Mr. Lamfalussy and the governors of each of the 
12 European Union member central banks, made 
its first personnel decision, naming the Irish cen- 
tral banker as its vice president. Maurice Doyle 
“has a sensitivity for those areas of the European 
Union which aren't among the richest countries," 
Mr. Lamfalussy said. 

The monetary institute plans to meet on an 
irregular basis in Basel until it finds a suitable 
headquarters in Frankfurt. Its list of possible sites 
includes the Messeturm, Europe’s tallest office 
building, but Mr. Lamfalussy said he was still 
accepting offers. . 

About 130 people wfl] meet the uisntuie s staff- 
ing needs through the end of the year, after which 
it will slowly build up to about 250 employees over 
the course of two years, he said. Its pay scale wBl 
be based on comparable European Union compen- 
sation, he said, with his own salary loosely tied to 
that of a vice president in the European Commis- 
sion, the EU’s executive body. 

Turn to EU 
For Help 
In Crisis 


BRUSSELS — European car- 
makers, forecasting only a small re- 
covery in sales this year, on Tuesday 
called on the European Union for 
bdp in restructuring die industry, 
which is in its worst crisis since 
World War II. 

“We are not requesting money 
for the automobile industry to keep 
iL competitive." Giorgio Garuzzo, 
president of the European Auto- 
mobile Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion, said. In the association's white 

Investor’s Europe 

DAX : 

London :V ' ParU • > 
n^1go indsx : A CAC 40 !"• 

6 • • 


.:«84 ; 1993 

index ' '•••' •' Vvtojfcday 

Amsterdam ;A£X 



Pmir. ■■ 


■<36 be.-r 


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..-7.681*6 ■ <«&*!■ *025 

mrikTOrt / r . PAX 


2^28.75 ! ' 2^33.79 

‘:«W : Mast. • +0-18 

Helsinki - V- '■’HEX 

paper on industrial restructuring, 
released on Tuesday, the body 

Key Banks Accept Metallgesellschaft P lan 

called on the European Commis- 
sion “to create the appropriate 
framework conditions to support 
the industry’s own efforts.” 

These conditions. Mr. Garuzzo 
said, included helping cushion the 
blow of large job oils expected in 
the restructuring. “Training and re- 
con version programs are most wel- 
come,'' he said. 

Some analysts said they thought 
major carmakers could make job 
cuts of 10 percent in 1994 from a 
work force of more than one mil- 
lion in 1 992. 

The white paper also called on 
European countries to reduce em- 
ployers’ costs and stud the tradi- 
tional "nonsupportive" relation- 
ship of government and industry 
should be changed to a more coop- 
erative one. 

t&oial Timfe 3Q-- 2#X.7Q ; W»0 ..‘O^ 
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Sources: Reuters, AFP 

:^fAZ3A- t .03897' ;>0^1 

'' lmcmabctul Ha*U Tribune 

Very briefly: 

• utmian Brothers said it has handed over stock worth more than i £27 
mfilion (S40.4 million) to the liquidator chasing the missum millions 
belo ngin g to the pension funds of companies owned by Robert Maxwell. 

win reject a hostile bid from its rival < 
its bid is still 24.5 times LWT earnings. 

• Unhook PLC said it had cut the price or its sale for cash of its container 
division to Transamerica Corp by £73 million to £ 757 million. 


Baltic AG and Dresdber Bank AG, 
MBtangpsdbchaft AGs two fewest 

shard^oldess, said Tiffisday that tney 

had qmroved a 3 2 bfifion Deutsche 
mark (SL85 HBcn) rescue pbn far 
the aifing metals cong^HDBrate. .. 

The aimonncement came a day 
ahead of the Jaia. 12 deadline for 
creditor banks to accept the plan, 
whidi was presented by KarWosef 
Hcukirchai, Metalleesdlsdiaffs 

ai Metallgesdlschaft, and the bank 
js diaitman of the coordi n a tin g 
committee of creditor banks. 
Dresdner owns 12.6 percent of Me- 

The inmk announcements, lent 
support to the perception that the 
rescue plan would be accepted. Me- 
taDgeseQschaft shares rose 3 DM 
onTuesday to dose al 236 DM. 

new chairman, and calls for a stock 
issue as well as a debt-fqr-equity 
swap to reca p i t a liz ae the company. 

Metallgesdlschaft said it faced 
potential cmnnlative losses of 33 
bOHon DM for the fiscal yrar end- 
ed Sept. 30, 1993, andtaces.insd- 
vency If therescueplan is. rejected. 

Dentsdie Barikis both one of dm 
main creditors <£ MetafigeseHs- 
cfcaft as wefl as a major sharehold- 
er, with a 10.65 percent stake. Ron- 
aldo Schmitz, a Dentsche 
- management boards member, is 
fjmrnnflii of the siyervisorv board 

“Metallgesellschaft will sur- 
vive,” said Martin Kohlhanssea, 
chief executive of Commerzbank 
. AG. “It will be in existence the day 
after tomorrow, and the day after 

There were signs of dissent, how- 
ever, in die German banking com- 
. mimity . Dentsdie Bank crittazed 
top managers of Norddeutsche 
Landesbank Girozentrale in Han- 
nover for pubtidy nhallRngmg the 

Margarita Maihiopoulos, a press 
spokeswoman for Ncffddentscfae, 
quoted Manfred Bodin, the bank’s 
drieif executive, as saying that the 

hank was not in agreement with the 
rescue plan. 

Deutsche Bank said that the 
statements had been “extremely 
unprofessional” under the circum- 
stances and dangerous for the en- 
tire rescue effort “In addition, the 
statements are not representative 
of the general feeling" among the 
creditor banks, it added. 

Mr. Bodin had said that not all 
of the 120 creditor banks will ap- 
prove the plan, according to Ms. 

Deutsche Bank rejected the sug- 
gestion from ■ Norddeutsche that 
shareholders must contribute dis- 
proportionately to die rescue by 
accepting an equity writedown. 
Deutsche R*nk did note that share- 
holders would suffer dilution. 

its 60,000 employees worldwide 
make it too important to be al- 
lowed to go under, said Michael 
Broeker. an analyst at Bank Julius 
BEr. “In any event, it wiB survive.” 
Analysts expect a second step in 
the restructuring to begin soon af- 
ter the financing plan is accepted 
and that this will entail the sale of 
operations with combined revenue 
of up to 6 billion DM and about 
20,000 employees. 

Aside from the banks, other large 
shareholders, including Germany s 
largest insurer, Allianz AG Holding, 
and Daimler-Benz AG. have said 
less about their intentions, but ana- 

lysts surveyed fdt these companies 
have little choice but to accept the 

company's proposals. 

*We agree with the restructuring 

sw®-?!*! fr'sfxz'Esssn 

consensus has emerged among 
German analysts that Metallge- 
seUschaft wiD not be allowed to 
fail w „ 

The consequences for Melange- 
sedsebaft’s numerous suppliers and 

iL" said Ursula Mertrig-Stem, a 
spokeswoman for Daimler-Batz, 
“but everyone must take part" If 
this did not happen, she added, “we 
would have to reconsider our posi- 
( Bloomberg, AFX) 

m Usinor-SariJor of France sold its majority stake in the bankrupt 
company SaustaU AG to the German regional government of Saarland 

Mr said sales of DOS- 1 ^ < 58 «•“* S3ld - 

senger cars and tight commeraal • Karstadt AG, the dqwrtmem-store chain, said sales for 1993 rose about 
vehicles in the 1 2-nation European 1.2 percent, to 20.8 billion Deutsche marks. 

Union were expected to rise by less m Q eU f SC h e Aerospace AG said ii rqected a proposal by Lower Saxony 
than 2 percent in 1 994. government to save a Deutsche Airbus plant from bang shut down. The 

“Even if one believes that the plan would have involved continuing to m a in tai n civilian aircraft, 
downturn in the European auiomo- # E iropean CoounBskm said it had cleared the planned takeover of 
bile market may have bottomed N 0 bd Industrier AB of Sweden by Dutch Akzo NV. 

• Arianesnace SA's chief executive, Charles Bigot, said 1993 sales would 
be aboutobillion French francs (S764.4 million) and that the company 
planned to launch 30 rockets in the next 36 months. 

• Henufes International SCA. the French luxury-goods concern, said it 
has revised upward its 1993 net profit forecast to 200 million French 
francs from 175 milli on francs. 

• Itafiana's public offering will be a “twin” to that of 
Credito Italiano’s, said Romano Prodl c hairm an of ERL the Italian state 

His association said West Euro- holding company that plans to sell its 57.4 percent stake in the bank, 
pern car registrations fell a provi- » The European Union's competition commissioner, Karel Van Mreit, has 

’ ■“*' ' ” c .Awt other commissioners for their views on clearing a joint venture in 

the steel tube sector among IRTs Ova SpA unit, Mn mwsm a mi rOhien- 
Werke and Vallourec’s Valtribes. sources said. 

• Gtnfrale de Basque SA Belgium’s biggKt bank, said 1993’s second- 
half net consolidated profit was in hne with the first-half total oi 5.8 
billion Belgian francs (S161.6 million). 

.SpanMuoaMoj^™ 17 -«, ’“SSSSS.TlSSfilw 

oul the expected improvements 
will be very modest and extremely 
slow,” he said. 

A recovery will depend on sharp- 
ly lower interest rates, slower 
growth in unemployment, a 
marked recovery in consumer con- 
fidence and a pickup in world trade 
growth, he said. 

sional 15 percent in 1993 to 113 
million from 133 million in 1992. 


was 1 53 percent to 10.7 


Mr. Garuzzo said Japanese car- 
makers continued to win market 
share in Europe in 1993 despite the 
slump in sales. 

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■ -» 


Tuesday's dosing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the closing on Wail street and do not reflect 
(att trades aisewfiera. Via The Associated Press 

£± 2S 


r - z -?i 








fwitiniiM from Page 1 

deliberately sought to hold down 
rip y rianH for the service to avoid 
pnfuvnrahle initial publicity about 
long lines and delays at overcrowd- 
ed terminals. 

That problem would be com- 
pounded by Le Shin tie's 44 turn up 
and go" policy under which it, un- 
like the ferries, will not accept res- 

^Eurotunnel does not have any 
incentive to compete on price,'’ 
said Dan Wilson, an analyst with 

0 100 *^ t* Shuttle expects w 
NatWest Securities in London,- “It competition- would beady tempo- ®y nassewsers* hav- 

woold create problems without ae- raiy. V LmwCvtaS ot the 

adug-auy benefits, since they 'don't 5 - u Son»jpeople may be wiffing to n® eaptured rougi^. . . ^ 
yet nave die capacity, to handle pay m. extra £100 for the novelty market Analysts saw in j 
huge volumes.” value: of. the tunnel, but once it prices wiU atoost certaim^ _ 

*___ . . . .. becomes khutddrum service, £uro^ .lower than those annoimceo 

“5« toBmnd could wta-themartetwdl 

annual interS Enmtunnd could what the market will bear, and that 

hardly afford to'try to undercut the - •S®5S^I5 is far. different from Euroimmds 

femes on price. • ^ inmiessrans of the market when it 

Many analysts, however, sakl tbc should have all its rolling stock m is not yet even 
fcrry operators’ rdief W price --place: - . of CharUtfhouse Tilney said. 


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For information on how to list your fund, fax Simon OSBORN at (33*4)46 &7M 


Page 15 


Cellular Auction 


-SEOUL — A 44 percent stake in Sooth Korea's 
nioWte*!elephoae monopoly will be anqi ft n^ to do- 
niraucinvesioBrs, the govenunent announced Tuesday, 

;In' newspaper advertisements, the state-owned Ko- 
rea Tdecora said it would sdd 2.44 million shares in 
Korea Mobile Telecommunication Cap! Jan. 24 and 
. 25, leaving it 'Mth a 20 percent holding. 

A Ojnnmmi cations Ministry' official said the sale 
was piart of die government's program to “slim down 
stale-owned companies. " .. . 

Korea Mobile Telecom is a popular stock with 
foreigners, but they win not be able to bid for the new 

Foreign investors already own 
10 percent of the company’s - 
shares and thus cannot take, 
part in the auction. 

block of shares. Overseas investors already own 10 
pf p^nf ' of the company’s shares,- the rmnrimnrn al- ' 
lowed’ by South Korean law,' analysts saicL 
The stock was trading at 284,000 won Tuesday on 
thr.S«ml stock exdumge. At that price, the planned 
auction would :raise 69196 billion won, but analysts 
said they expected the auction to send the price much 

Korea Mobile Telecom currently is the oily concern 
’that irwtaTls and operates cellular phones in South 
'Korea. A second network is to be formed this year. 

- Analysts sad the stock auction would, cool off the 
.competition currently raging among six consortiums 
'-bidding for a share of the second network. 

. The government in December mandated the Feder-. 
iation of Korean Industries, a South Korean business 

group, to choose one of the six to run the new setwatk. 
Its decision is due next month. 

The federation was brought in to bdp set up the new. 
netirark- after an tanbanusang dispute erupted over 
the |6veiBHtaif s first attempt to award the contract. 

At that time, a consortium led by the Sunkyong 
group withdrew its successful bid amid protest* over 
nepotism. The son of Sunkyongs chairman, 
Qaey. JongHyon, is married to a da ug h ter of former 
PrcritkaitRou Tae Woo. • 

" . The six consortiums now being considered are all 
led by large conglomerates, including Sunkyong, the 
steelmaker Pahang" Iron & Steel Co. and the Kolon 

gmnp, ' r 

- The government has set a maximum bid in. the 
auction of 1.85 million shares, equivalent to 33 J 
percent of Korea Mobile Telecom's total shares out- 
standing, and a minimum bid of 200 shares. 

“Hawing an alternative — it’s good news," Choi Jae 
Wan, director of the POSCO-led consortium, said on 
h/aripg of the Mobile Telecom share auction. 

LeeTfewg Jin, market strategist at Schroder Securi- 
ties, said the decision to hold the auction would make 
.matters easier for. companies trying to decide how to 
take part in the industry. Several other analysts agreed 
• that haring , two options may go a long way toward 

.satisfying all bidding parties. 

“Nothing has yet been decided, bat we are seriously 
studyin g both possibilities," an official at the Sun- 
.- kyong-lfld consortium said. “It will take more tun& 
We should consider our relations with foreign partners 
and the issue of money." - 

Analysts said the most Hkely scenario would be that 
POSCO, which has a lot of liquidity, would take a 
stake in Korea Mobile Telecom, leaving Sunkyong to 
lead the second consortium. .... 

But Mr. Choi of POSCO said the company had 
earned an edge in the race for the second contract 
through its partnership with American digital systems 
companies. - 

Prices Sale 

Of Unit 

Malaysian Shares 
Slide, but Analysts 

Compiled tv Qv Staff From Dispatches 

Shares in Petronas Dagangan 
BbcL, the retailing arm of the 
state oil company, wQl be of- 
fered to the public at 2.80 ring- 
git (S1.05) each, executives of 
the oil company said Tuesday. 

Executives of Petroliaiii Na- 
tional BbcL, or Petronas, said 
94.5 million, or 25 percent, of 
Dagangan’s shar es would be 
sokTinan offering that would 
also indude 60 million war- 
rants at 1.05 ringgit each and 
300 million ringgit of Islamic 
bonds, winch pay no interest 
and win be sold at a discount. 

The retailer would be the 
first unit of Petronas to be 
listed on the Kuala Lumpur 
exchange, with trading expect- 
ed to start in March, company 
executives said. 

In ann ouncing its under- 
writing agr eemen ts, PetTOOaS 
Dagangan also said its pretax 
profit Had fallen to 78.4 mil- 
lion ringgit in the year ended 
March 3L 1993 from 81.4 mil- 
lian ringgit the previous year. 

The company executives 
said Dagangan had 400 sta- 
tions that control about 30 
percent of the oil-products 
market and 41 percent of the 
retail petroleum market in 
Malaysia. (Bloomberg, AFX) 

Say It’s Time to Buy 

Stocks Doom 
Itochu Unit 

CompUedby OurStaffTrom Dispatches 

• TOKYO — Itochu Corp. 
sad Tuesday that it would 
dose its C ltoh Finance Corp. 
subsidiary at a cost of 28 bil- 
lion yen (S250.9 million) bo-’ 
cause of the financing unit's 
losses on stock holdings. 

Itochu, Japan’s biggest com- 
pany in toms of sales, said the 
mut was unable to abscsb cu- 
malative portfolio losses of 15.6 
billion yen through Ang. 31, .ex- 
ceeding the unit's net worth by 
3.1 billion yen. 

Itochu cut its net profit esti- 
mate to 2 billion yen- from 6 
billion yen las the- year- to 
March 31. (Bloomberg. AFX) 

Compiled by Our Staff Front Despatches 

sia's benchmark stock index 
plunged 5.6 percent Tuesday after 
a government economic adviser 
warned that a sleep fall in share 
prices was immin ent, but analysis 
said their long-term faith in the 
market had not been shaken. 

The Kuala Lumpur Stock Ex- 
change's composite index lost 67 TO 
points, its biggest single-day point 
loss ever, to end at 1,139-55. Ana- 
lysts and traders cited comments 
by Daim Zainuddin, a former fi- 
nance minklw and ctUIEnt Cflbi- 
net-levd economic adviser, that 
they said appeared to be a govern- 
ment attempt to cod off an over- 
heated market 

In an interview carried by the 
state news agency Bemama, Mr. 
D aim predicted that a decline in 
share prices was coming soon, add- 
ing that small investors would be 
hurt the most and that “this time 
around the government will not 
bail out anybody." 

In another step that seemed 
aimed at cooling off the country’s 
financial markets, Malaysia's cen- 
tral bank announced measures 
Tuesday aimed at curbing the in- 
flux of short-term funds into Ma- 
laysia and curbing speculation in 
its currency, the ringgit 

The central bank. Bank Negara, 
said it was changing the rules for 
calculating the statutory reserve re- 
quirement — or the percentage of a 
financial institution's liabilities 
that it must keep on deposit with 
the central bank — to include “all 
funds sourced from abroad." 

The central bank said the move, 
while intended to keep short-term 
capital flows “manageable," was not 
expected to affect funds intended 
for g<*«iwne investment in Malaysia, 
including stock purchases. 

In the stock market Tuesday, al- 
though the decline was broad, deal- 
ers described trading as orderly. 
find volume fell to 5663 million 
shares from 637 J million Monday. 

“There was no panic." said Ke- 
vin Lee, institutional business man- 
ager at Arab-Malaysian Securities. 
“It was a seUdown on small vol- 
ume. It was a healthy correction." 

The casualties included many of 
Malaysia's biggest blue-chip issues: 
Telekom Malaysia fell 1.50 ringgit 
{56 U.S. cents) to 18.80, the power 
utility Tenaga Nasional was off 
0.40 ‘to 16.70. and conglomerate 
Sime Darby fell 0.65 to 635. 

In Singapore, a market with 
close links to Malaysia, the Straits 
Times Industrial Index lost 76.16 
its, or 3.1 percent, to close at 
130. I Bloomberg, AFX) 

Investor’s Asia 

Hong Kong . 
Hang Seng 

Singapore .... 

StraHs Tiroes " Nikkei.225 



Hong Kong Hang Seng 

Singapore -Straits Times ••• 2JM&20 

'Tuesday, ;.;prev. , 

rwm ' Close Cnanq&l 

. 2,424.36 -3,14 

Sidney v 1 ; ; AD Ordinaries ' 2#6-70 .*,'**& ■ + 1 - 00 

Tokyo . Nikkei 225 

1M&25; TB;443-44 +0.23 

Kuala Lumpur Composite” 

Bangkok . SET 



=,130675- -557 
1,54530- '+3-87 

Seoul . 

• • Composite Stock 861312 

Weighted Price 6,240.39 

.873.W 1 . V+Q.91 


... Composite . 
Stock index 



3.089,33' ;-'-t.36 

: "jflor.83 '• -1-50 

Hew Zealand hJZSE-40 

2,256,11 '-2£5VS2. ;*Q-gQ 

Bombay ■ A National index. 1,616^64; 

Sources: Raders, AFP 

1^2 3J9.. "0.33 

l m u miir mal Kcnld Trib 

Very briefly: 

China’s Industry Surges by 23% 

Reuters '• 

BEIJING — China’s industrial 

production grew at record qieed in 

1993 but the cracks in the system- 
growing debt of . state entajrises, 
f atting efficiency and the imbal- 
between thie rich east arid the 
poor west • — widened. 

Data issued on Tuesday by the 
State Statistical Bureau showed 
that industrial output in 1993 was 
3.5 triffiou yuan ($403.7 bfflion), an 
increase of 23.6 percent over 1992, 
\&en output rose 2<L8 percent over 
a year earlier.. • 

It wasAhe highest growth rate 
• since China be§an its open-door 
and reform policies in 1978 and one 
of the highest since the Commnmst 
revotatioain 1949, esduding years 
. when . radical _p6fitic al camp mgra 
make official figures suspect. 

. The bureau said that each of the 
13 months between July 1992 and 
August 1993 saw year-on-year in- 
dustrial output growth of more 
than 20 percent, before govern- 
ment cooling measures, launched 
in July, brought down the rate. 

Steel output in the year rose 10.9 
percent, while the output of other 
important industrial materials such 
as soda ash, cement and dyestuffs 
rose Iran nearly 17 percent to 30 

Such figures also reveal, howev- 
er, an economy seen by many anar 
lysts to be in overdrive as weu as 
^puiing imbalances in the system. 

Production by state concerns 
rose 8.9 percent over 1992, while 
that recorded by collective enter- 
prises rose 39.8 percent and rural 
. enterprises 57.6 percent 

Output of the six east coast prov- 
inces from Shandong to Hainan 
grew more than 30 percent over 
1992, with increased output in the 
year accounting for 583 percent of 
the new output of the whole coun- 
try. Bat the poor provinces in the 
west and center of China fell fur- 
ther behind the coastal provinces. 

There was do improvement in 
the debt owed by state companies, 
which reached a total of 56.9 bi llion 
yuan, accounting for 48 percent or 
their profits, while they remained 
plagued by cash shortages. 

For 1994, the bureau forecast 
continued high growth, high capital 
investment, higher wages, a boom- 
ing consumer market and a year- 
on-year growth rate of at least 15 
percent in the first quarter. 

C1TIC May list Car Arm 

,1.11.. /v_ CV.fc* f-M ni’flbilrVl 

Compiled try Ota Staff From Dispatches 

HONG KONG — CITIC Pacific, China's main public company 
in Hong Kong, said Tuesday it may list separately its ^rapigy 
expanding Dah Chong Hong trading, retailing and vehicle distribu- 
tion arm. . 

Analysts said Dah Chong Hong could have a market capitaliza- 
tion in excess of $2 billion if its shares were floated. “These guys have 
a superb track record of never doing a corporate transaction that 
results in lower asset value per share for their shareholders, said 
Sheldon Kasowirz, director of Jardine Fle m i n g Asia Research. 

CITIC Pacific said it is in very preliminary talks with its financial 
advisers, and it warned that there is no definite plan. 

Dah Chong Hong, whose interests include a large car-distnbution 
business in Hong Kong and China anda chain of a^arkp^ 
contribute around 40 percent of CITIC Pacific s profit m 1994. 

Separately, Dragonair, the regional earner that is partly owned by 
CmCas well as Sihay Pacific Airways Lid, said it would leasetwo 

«*-*** for ddivny 11 1 995 “ d h,d “ 

• The People's Insurance Co. of China, which holds 98 percent of the 
nation's Sance business, posted income of 49.83 hnhonyu^(S574 
billion) in 1993, up 36.1 percent from 1992, the Financial News reported. 

• Taiwan and China may set up a joint venture to produce short-haul 
regional passenger airlines under a plan by the Taiwan government to 
develop the local aerospace industry. 

■ Glaxo Holdings PLCs unit in India was ordered by a court in Bombay 
to suspendoperations for 10 days for selling drugs beyond their expira- 
tion dates over a period or eight years. 

• Nintendo of America Inc. said it planned to relocate iis U.S. production 
facilities to Mexico and lay off 136 workers. 

• Sanyo Electric Co. cut its sales forecast for the year that ended Now 30, 
1993 to 1.02 trillion yen ($9.13 billion) from a prwc^forec^ofl.08 
trillion yen, but left its profit forecast unchanged at 6.5 billion yen. Profit 
totaled "10.69 billion yen in the previous year. 

• Toshiba Corn, said it would invest 20 billion yen to double capacity at 
its main plant for dynamic random-access memory chips by the end ol 
the year, raising output to 2 million units a month. 

. Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. announced jtau tio tang* »] 
entertainment player developed by 3DO Co. of the United Suits. The 
interactive multiplayer, which products digital graphics and compart- 
disc sound, has been marketed in the United Stales since October. 

• China is drawing up a seven-year plan to expand i ^ coal wdustry. 
Production of coaL which supplies more than two-thi^oft^^untrys 
energy needs, rose by 25 million metnc tons last year, to 1.14 billion tons, 
and it is expected to top 1.16 million tons this year. 

. Japan's Agriculture. Forestry and Fisheries Minister Ego Ebta srid 

at 50 percent of domestic grain and California rice at 70 percent 

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Currency Management 

Winchester Bouse. 77 ^ 

071-382 9w7 


20, Boulevard Emmanuel Servais, 

L-2535 Luxembourg 
fLCJL 43100 


M & 

24 Hour London Dealing 
Competitive Rates & Daily Fax Sheet 
til for further infortnation & brochure 

* % 


- B 


jp il a 04 

K5 Ed 

~ a 

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read Fi: l ic:’:.oney - tht- gioCal siialegy Investment ic-nvi. 

Thousands do • why should n t you? t 

: cx: 71 - 439/1966 

For further details 

on bow to place your contact: 

II UUW iw — a 

Tel: (44) 71 836 48 OZ 
Fax (44) 71 240 2254 



The shareholders are hercbv convened to the 

General Meeting to be held in Luxembourg on Jarman 21 sl . 

at 10K)0 a.m. with the following agenda: 

1 increase of the authorized capital from USD 70.000.000 - o 
'USD 90,000,000.-. .. 

Article 5 SI or ihc Article*) of Inennwralion will be amended 
accordingly and will have lu be read as follows: 

“The Corporation has an authorized capital of ?’ ne ? 

United StMi* Dollars (USD 90.000.p00.-f lo eonnrt ofc Atcen 
milUon (ia.000.000.-) authorized slurw or a par value of five 

United States Dollars (USD 5.-) prr share. 

The shareholders are advised that a epanrm of .TffE" 
for the item of the agenda of the Extraordinary General Meeting 
□nd that a decision wtl be token at .the majornv of ihc two M 
ol the shares present or represented at ihr mceUng. cachfmre » 
entitled to one vote. A shareholder may act at any meeting by 

■:*;«'* -i 

jp a® - _y I® 


For the company. 

Bnnae defection Edmond dr Rodi^rilk! Laxembonrg 
20, Boalerard Eiumnnnel Serna*, 

L “ 2S35 Lnxembourg 


b %»■& ^ as y® sa 


Page 16 


Magic’s Victory: 
Discreetly Sweet 

The Associated Press 

ORLANDO, Florida — It was a 
sweet victory, but one Orlando’s 
Scott SfcUes said had to be kept in 
perspective if the Magic are to keep 
progressing toward their goal of 
making the National Basketball 
Association’s playoffs, 

“We played well tonight, and we 
won, but I don't think we should 
make more of it than that," the 
seven-year pro said after the 1 15- 
100 triumph over the Houston 


Rockets on Monday night “It was 
one game. We've beaten Houston 
before, so that's all it really was." 

Some of Skilcs’s teammates, 
however, felt it was a breakthrough 
for the young franchise, which is 
trying to make the playoffs for the 
first time. 

“We're just trying to show every- 
body we can play with the big 
teams,” said the rookie Anferaee 

Hardaway had 28 points and six 
assists and ShaquiJJe O'Neal won a 
personal matchup against Hakeem 
Olajuwon with 28 points and seven 
rebounds as Orlando won its third 
straight while ending Houston’s 
four-game winning streak. 

Kansas Runs 
Streak to 12 

The Magic broke open a dose 
game with a 17-4 run in the first 
eight minutes of the fourth quarter. 
O'Neal shut down Olajuwon, and 
Hardaway sowed two baskets in a 
five-minute; 13-0 run for Orlando. 

Olajuwon finished with 26 
points, 11 rebounds and five 
blocked shots, but was held to just 
one point in the fourth quarter. 

Houston shot only 32 percent in 
the final period and committed 26 
turnovers, 12 more than Orlando, 
which became just the fifth team in 
30 games to shoot 50 percent 
against the Rockets. 

The Magic also got a lift from an 
assistant coach. Tree Rollins, who 
agreed earlier in the day to come 
out of retirement as a temporary 
backup for (XNeaL 

Rollins, fining in for the injured 
Greg Kite, played eight minutes 
and had two points, two rebounds, 
one steal, one assist and one 
blocked shot — impressive num- 
bers for a 38-year-old who hadn't 
played since ending a 16-year ca- 
reer last spring. 

• Doctors said Vernon Maxwell 
bad passed a treadmill stress lest, 
■but that it remained uncertain 
when be would return to the Rock- 
ets 1 lineup. 

Team doctors said Maxwell had 
suffered from an episode of atrial 
fibrillation, also known as cardiac 
arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat 
They said Ire had been given medi- 
cation that stabilized his heart rate. 

. T ONDON — Throughout Italy you hear the.ptointiw cry: Con* in 
'jLf Np.;9, yoOT-timc js now. fhis Js Worki Gap year and soccq r 
aficionados know that Italians have woo. three World Cups and uir«R- 
etad totake more. The common denensmaror is aNQ. 9. acenter-forward 

; itat they they used ft to da (Sure, Italy boasts 

Roberto Baggio, a near perfect No. 10. But he cannot goon scoring all the 
— all .the. plays yritbout'ft reliable running partnerto take the 
to shudd and to share die goal 'scori ng. Ato ne, 

crehhztes tl^meita^^Siamhian Fa nstin o 

ArariHa, and tends to Imp in reserve Alessandro Meffi, theOIympic 

'Striker of 1992 wbopiQtniscdto} 3 aPadO i RbRsin ite making. .. 

"Meffi cradrifL as is'Pi«ttHgi Casiragjtd, a t*(L sturdy front nmner 
coveted and then cast off fay-Juwmtoaand bow second choice, at Lazio 
behind the Croat. Alen Bokac. 
v Poor Italy. 'Its youngbloods me so^. 

1950 s when John Chari*, the'^Gentfe 
for Inventus while the predicted 
lost in Chariest broad shadow. 

.Shades of the 

/soontffic evaluation of his 
exceptional ima sti eii gt J i of hwig car 
parity and mnsde power. Alas, 
after Juvriitus paid' 

pxQ- the prime 

bflKaas for him he developed teetof 
day, or rather porcelain. The trr* v ’ — : 
foot break even when he Jocksa 
has acquixed several cracks of 

At hast the skeletal Paolo R „ ... K ^ 

1982 before his coupled knee joints gave in. Rpss^athkf is the 
goalmouth whom Italy had been amnestied from ft prison sentence foe 
taking teibes in a betting scandal so that he cotfld score attheWodd Cnp. 

Ua iJinV Ifnl«r t ■ ■■■■himL h ■ J'imb ■ ■ h nra <1 '«■ A it* — — k- ” — - F Dmm 


The Rockets’ Hakeem Olajuwon found himself stymied by the Magic’s Shaquflle O’Neal, especially in the deriding fourth quarter. 

. Italy bmh for llyeanf such a - 
fixatiortthal' players: seemed stfil to pass me 1»II "to himafter he had 1 


The Associated Press 

Senior Steve Woodberry tied his 
career high with 26 points and 
sparked a run midway through the 
second half as third-ranked Kansas 
beat Oklahoma, 94-84, to open its 
Big Eight Conference season. 

Kansas outrebounded Oklahoma 
by 57-41 on Monday night and has 
now beaten every team on the 
boards in its 12-game winning 
streak. The Sooners shot 42 percent. 


the first team to do better than 36 
percent in the Kansas streak. 

Greg Osiertag had a career-high 
14 rebounds and scored 1 1 points 
for Kansas (16-1. 1-0 Big Eight). 

The loss came despite a brilliant 
offensive performance by Jeff 
Webster for Oklahoma (8-4, 0-2). 
Webster, who has been on a tear in 
five games since Christmas, scored 
30 points. 

No. 2 Duke 89, Brown 71: Chero- 
kee Parks scored 25 points and 
Duke pulled away from Brown in 
the last seven minutes as it began a 
third consecutive season with 10 
straight victories. . 

No. 14 Cofmectkut 75, No. 16 
Syracuse 67: Connecticut (13-1), 
led by Donyell Marshall’s 20 
points, 11 rebounds and five 
blocked shots, got off to its first 4-0 
start in the Big East despite shoot- 
ing a season-low 39 percent. Syra- 
cuse (9-2, 2-2) lost in its first road 
game of the season. 

• Makhtar Ndiaye, the 6-foot, 8- 
inch forward from Senegal who 
was declared ineligible to play for 
Wake Forest because of recruiting 
violations, signed a letter of intent 
with Michigan and is to suit up 
Thursday when tire Wolverines 
play Ohio State. 

• Isiah Thomas, left off the 
“Dream Team” for the Barcelona 
Olympics, has been named to the 
U.S. squad that win compete this 
s umm er in the world champion- 
ships in Toronto. That team will 
form the core of the 1996 U.S. 
Olympic team. 

USA Basketball announced that 
Thomas would replace Tim 
Hardaway, the Golden State guard 
who tore a knee ligament in Octo- 
ber and who will remain an honor- 
ary team member. 

Kevin Johnson, the Phoenix 
Suns' guard, had expected to be 
named to the team. 

“Maybe I'll go play for another 
country and try to do that,” he said. 
Tve got to gp to a country that’s 
got a good chance, though. Maybe 
the Brazilian team. Tm sure one of 
my ancestors can link op there.” 

Baseball’s Owners and Players 
Stymied on Division Lineups 

By Murray Chass 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Less than three 
months before the start of the sea- 
son. the major league baseball 
chibs and their players still don't 
know if they will compete in two 
divisions in each league or three. 

A negotiating session between 
labor representatives of the two 
sides Monday produced slight 
movement but no agreement on di- 
visional alignment and a proposed 
extra playoff round. 

The chibs budgsd for the first tin* 
in their stance on players' postseason 
shares, the roadblock to an agree- 
ment, but the union said the change 

rid not address its basic concern. 

Both sides declined to discuss 
details of the mee ting [he first in 
more than a month, but one person 
familiar with the talks said the 

clubs had offered an increase in the 
postseason money they would 
guarantee the players. They offered 
no change, however, in tire number 
of games from which gate receipts 
would finance the players’ pooL 

The union believes the players’ 
pool should come from more than 
the minimum number of gflmns in 
each series — four in a best-of- 
seven series and three in a best-of- 
five series. 

“There r emains no rational ex- 
planation for not doing it,” said 

More Top Collegians Opt for NFL 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Michigan’s Ty- 
rone Wheatley and Ohio States 

Joey Galloway are staying in col- 
lege. Alabama's David Palmer, Au- 
burn’s James Bostic and Nebras- 
ka’s Calvin Jones have opted for 
the National Football League. 

Palmer, an All-American receiv- 
er who maintained all season he 
would return for his senior year, 
changed his mind and said Monday 
he will enter the NFL draft. 

Tve tried to look at all sides, bat 
the bottom line is 1 have to fulfill 
the needs of me and my family ,” 
said Palmer, who finished third in 
the Hrisman Trophy balloting. 

Quarterback Heath Shuler of 

Tennessee, the Hdsman runner-up. 
had given up his last year of eligi- 
bility the day before. 

Bostic and Jones, two of the na- 
tion’s top running backs, also said 

a were leaving early to enter the 
But Wheatley and Galloway, 
two of the biggest stars in the Big 
.Ten, decided to stick around for 
their senior seasons. 

Monday was the deadline for un- 
derclassmen to declare their eligi- 
bility for the April 24-25 draft. At 
least 17 underclassmen have an- 
nounced they are entering the 
draft The final list will be released 
by the NFL later in the week. 

The underclassmen entering the 
draft included quarterbacks Trent 

Differ of Fresno State and Jimmy 
Klingler of Houston; running 
backs Marshall Faulk of San Diego 
State, Greg Hill of Texas A&M, 
Mario Bates of Arizona State. Wi- 
liam Floyd of Florida State and 
Byron Morris of Texas Tech; re- 
ceivers Thomas Lewis of Indiana 
and Darnay Scott of San Diego 
State; linebacker Jamir NfiDer of 
UCLA; defensive bade Corey Saw- 
yer of Florida State; and defensive 
linemen Sam Adams cf Texas 
A&M, Dan Wilkinson of Ohio 
Slate and Bruce Walker of UCLA. 

Walker, who played three sea- 
sons at UCLA, was suspended for 
the 1993 season after pleading no 
contest to a charge of receiving sto- 
len properly. 

Eugene Orza, the union’s associate 
general counseL Although the chibs 
formerly received a set rights’ fee 
for all postseason games, they wil] 
gain revenue from the sale of televi- 
sion commercial time for each 
game under their new television 

After the players' executive 
board met in Arizona last month, 
the union made a new proposal to 
the dubs, saying they would seek 
no additional money for the exist- 
ing series but wanted to share gate 
receipts from each game played in 
the new round. 

■ 77te Associated Press reported: 

Bip Roberts, a switch-hitting 
lead off hitter and second baseman, 
returned to the San Diego Padres, 
agreeing to a $125 mflhoo, one-year 

Roberts, who earned $3.9 mflKo n 
last year with the Cincinnati Reds, 
can earn another $500,000 in per- 
formance bonuses if he plays as 
many as 140 games. 

Also, Leo Gomez and the Balti- 
more Orioles agreed to a $500,000, 
one-year contract, up from 
5312.500 last season; and right- 
hand® Bob Scanian. acquired by 
Milwaukee from the Chicago Cubs 
on Dec. 19, agreed to a $500,000, 
one-year contract with the Brewers, 
double his $245,000 salary last sea- 

Left-hander Scott Radinsky and 
the Chicago White Sox agreed to a 
$1.05 million, one-year contract, 
the same salary he earned in 1993. 
Delino DeShidds agreed to a 52.7 
million salary with Las Angeles. He 
earned $ 1 34 million with Montreal 
last season. 

Marseille Probe 

The Associated Press 

PARIS — The prosecutor 

investi gating the Otympique 
Marseille soccer scandal has 
threatened to call off the 
probe, a newspaper reported 
Tuesday, because a legislative 
office has blocked die arrest of 
the team's owner Bernard Ta- 
pie, a parliamentary deputy. ; 

“The problem is that now 
we can’t do anything more,” 
Eric de Montgolfier told the 
newspaper InfoMatin. - 

The National Assembly Of- 
fice on Monday turned down a 
request that would have al- 
lowed prosecutors to arrest 
Tapie or require him to report 
periodically to police. The of- 
fice. only cried ambiguity” in 
the request 

’ has cut -ft 


Cup, came and went Tovo SchfflacL 
rode an astonishing ’high in 1990. 

' He came out of Sicily, amis 

.out of the team .and w wiitig ^ ^ mm, wu -a 

peripheral figure, seen more often than not on. the bench or the treatment 
table trf Inter Milan. 

L ONG BEFORE; muck longer than the reach of my'.'memocy, the 
rods of Italian goal scoring were apparently wnmasof far greater 
' andstayihg power. Tlhe best^thcm^s^sca^InstOTiari 
Brian GjanviRe, “was Silvio Kola.” J . 4 : - \ 7 

Blessed GianyiQe is frith a scholarly grasp ^ IridurLapd a .peedess 
recall of time and place, his new edition of “Tne Stoty afthe WoridCup” 
(Faber and Faber) continues to be the magnum, opus of krteroationfll ■ 
soccer hi the English lan guage, . • ^ . •> 

One caD. to GlanvflJe<jirccted me to page 37 of Ms book, in which be 
breathes life into Fiola thus; was Hob who turned the '.tukf* against ' 

France in the 1938 World Cup in Pans. . 

“He not 'only threatened the Fnarch goal; .hot distributed die -ball . 
superbly with head and both feet, and moved cleverly tdtheflanks, lithe ; 
and explosive. When fais opponent, the, twi mifiwri. Amwiw . Q n f tj 
Jordan, was presumptuous enough to leave him in the second half it 
proved disastrous,” . -.- 1 ' - '•= ; • 

beat Hungary,' 

center-forward of 1934, was; 
at inside forward. 

Mind you, Meazza’s t 

ized; the stadium at Sam Strom' hfihnt'bearfthtt-T 
Glanvilte was born barely three' 
seven before Piola. Bathe us 

iwmner kimmarta^ 

The number of players eligible 
for arbitration was reduced to 105. 
Most players will wait until Fri- 
day’s deadline to file. 

• Chub Feeney, 72, who as the 
National League pieadent stood 
firm in his opposition to the desig- 
nated hitter, died of a heart attack 
in San Francisco. 

Feeney, the NL presufent from 
1970 to 1986 and a former general 
manager of the New York wants, 
died of a heart attack, the hospital 

• Johnny Temple, 66, afivc-time 
all-star second baseman who 
played most of his career with the 
Qncmnati Reds, died in Anderson, 
South Carolina. He had bear diag- 
nosed with pancreatic cancer m 
September, according to his son. 

rai Maradona’s 'Tiand of God” goal is an mywtktnof rtiOdra taKs. 

“I sat dose to Piola at a caffcin the Piazza deB&Repabbbca in i-toreitcC; f j. 
and l e aped out about the guaL He sfitentted iL was witii the.j5st, anil . 

indeed Ms fia had caught the eye of GeOrgc Male, the Arsenal r&IIbacfc.' 

T also. saw Hola playing, m 1952 at the age^f 38, agam againSt 
Englan d in Florence.* In that match JHoia irsedhis cjbows mnch In the 
destructive fashion the current mac^o men art &2ng, '6bt GlahviQe, 1 
- getting to know. Piola when he subsequently took np coaching anti 
became the first manager of Italy’s underbade, inriste: T.was fond of 
the old boy, a fine anter-forward wiifi a wcaKferful thkstrorthegame.’’ 

As GlanvOle, the duorikter.awakshu first — the first -— WoridCup 
on American soil, as heinqratiently awaits sons of whether h» 7-month- 
old grandson kicks with the left orm^bqotift, the affimty'bdweeo fami' 
and Italian sooexr remains lov&batebticanre afthe cocr^rtiori that fkrws 
with the ^»rL 

I bow to knowledge that there may haws been better centa-forwaids 
tiian any I have set eyes on. Bnt .even my meager ;25 years' witness 
suggests that, without ar center-forward of genuine class or enarmcxis 
wror, Italy wiB not beat Brazil to win -a' fourth World Cop. 

TbCT are. t hin g s , m i nts for exanqjkythatare acceptable with a Me in 
the unddle. Italian soccer is not one of them ... 

fieb tfiffcjj It m ihetaff tfJhr Tima. ' 



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BEIJING — (Sana's sports 
estara^unem raced Tuesday 
to the defease of the aojtfist- 
ed training practices of the 
track coach Ma Junren, even 
though a WOTid champioD has 
qmt the sportatihe age of 20 
rather thanabkte by in* rules. 

Liu Dong, who woo the 
piorisihrps In' Tokyo last year, 
receady Ht tl* . tram after 
dashing with Maovrahaving a 
boyfriaid. The official Yang- 

zhoo reported 

Ma, whose “FanrilyArniy* 
of. female distance..' runners 
took the aJWetkis wbrid .by 
storin last yt^r, acdi^ltau rf 
Booting national sportsregu- 
laticms tr? refusing to break off 
the relationship.. .-. • 

_ He. said the affair jeopar- 
dized team discipline *<*t Liu's 
future as one aftoe -world's 
top - middle-distance runners, 
the Evening News said. 

Liu Y suitcase 
and c^ampKBKlap cup down 
the stain;' halted her. wages 
and bonuses and 1 ordered her 
to write two setf-critiasmsar 
month, k said 

Lin instearffledtoha moth- 
ers home in a viflage ontade 
Dalian in northeast China and 
refused to return to the team 
despite her mother's pleading. 

The Chinese %jorts 
missaoa defended, Ma by ex- 
plaining that nude and female 
athletes in national treating 
programsare barred from hay* 
mg love affairs or marrying at 
an earfy age; 

An- official in the cbmmfe" 
sum's track and fidd depart- 
ment and by telephone that 
Ma was cmrect ra catering 
Uu to end her affair with Cm 
HEui, a sprinter. 

“1 believe thatsooner or lai~ 
er sbe wiD mum tothe team,’ 7 ”, 
said the official. who dedmed 
togrve Ths name. ' j ; 

Ma, two of whose charges, 
Wang JunxiaundQu Yunxxa, 
shattered three world records 
last year, begin baffling with 
Uu' bvtr her.iJMuance^ ■.■after,* 
Otina’s national garnet, last.- 
September. ' • • }. •- '• V-'S' ~-'~ a 
when -Liu faded toumLupJtt^. 
timning^the stoie-rim 
per said. . -r 
The bpyftkn^LCai, was * 

newspaper. »kL ' ‘ ‘ 

As Rivals Drop, 
Aamodt Breezes 
In Giant Slalom 

The Associated Press ished second with a time of 2:50.47. 

HINTERSTODER, Austria — Fellow Austrian Richard Kr&U was 
On the longest and toughest giant third in 2:50.86, for his best finish 
slalom course on toe World Cup since he woo two races in 1990. 
circuit, Kjctif-Andre Aamodt got “I made a couple of mistakes at 
his first victory of toe season Tues- the bottom of toe second run, I 
day, extending his overall World thought I was going to fall, but f 
Cup lead with an overwhelming had a big advantage from toe first 

S rrformance that boosted his ran." said Aamodt. who held an 
lympic hopes. edge of 0.71 seconds over Mayer 


i coarse on the cap circuit to increase his overall lead and move atop the giant slalom standings. 

German Town Makes It Up to US. huger 

By Christopher Gatrey 

. • Nee York Times Service • 

. OBERHOF, Germany — Once 
a^ain, Duncan Kennedy found 
himself surrounded in tins quiet, 
thickly forested , town. Only this 
lime, toe &pup ofGennani hem- 
ming him m . wanted nothing to do 
with. Naa power, r&aaLsWbr 
swift ideks to toe ribs.,. 

- Nineteen fourto grader s mid 
their aotardicss^wieirflBg teacher 
djESOQaded. on. the, .finish;. But of 
ObdhoTs luge nm to serenade toe 
American Olympian. totoe strains 
<rf “Renostd^ ” the Anthem of toe 
Gerraanttate of Thuringia; and 
‘TfejqjyKf&day" (sowbatif Kca- 
i»c4y turned 26 in December). 

Tbc sctoookdiildren also came 
beniug gifts; flowers, ehooolaics, 
Juu^made . p^s .-^ a gopd-iock 
— aadanafl 
; 2 fed', with, beam. 

dfen tight after toeincidem,” Ken- 
nedy said. “I was hoping Fd get toe 
chance to meet toem." 

The *%iddenf M took place here 
on toe night of Oct 29 when Ken- 
canh^ers were edebratiro a team- 
mate’s birthday in the Kurpark- 

“It represents a problem of rac- 
ism in the world, ” said Kennedy, 
who win compete in toe World Clip 
event here Saturday and testify if 
necessaiy in the trial of two of his 
attackers an Jan. 17 in Suhf. “It’s nice 
to see these children taking a stand.*’ 
Oberbof, which has 2400 inhab- 

The thorniest problem for Kennedy and 
his teammates may be failing time to luge. 

idaose, alocal discotheque and bar. 

Near midnight, a group of 15 
skinheads from toe nearby city of 
Suhl allegedly began making mon- 
key gestnres and shouting ' 
at Robert Pipkins, toe lone BI 
-member erf toe American team. 

, /As toe lagers na ont of toe bar. 

i tarns, has searched its collective 
soul since toe attack roused it from 
a pleasant slumber that dates from 
the Weimar Republic, when it was 
a popular vacation spot, and con- 
tinued under East Germany’s So* 
tialist system, where if was the 

A^S^ndGeoB^ftegSvasidbri^it- and giye ^pJdns&me toescape. 
M ^mprtd ; mess^es including received a beating that left I 
'Txmlaa KcnnOy is iny tnodcT with a m3d concusaon, brui 

breverpMm** «td above all “Wet- 
wime badt to Obeibaf.” ' y- 
-“L got ktttts from all these dnL 

_ _ . training ground, for owst of the 

Kennedy toned to lace toe group, nation's star winter athletes. 
j - • >. He Oberbof residents have won 1 1 

him Olympic titles since 1972 

— concussion, bruised “Nothing ever happens here,” . , 

-ribs and a firsthand appreciation said An$e Harvey, a biathlete who SjKjLS , 
for the scope of the racist, anti- won two golds and a silver in the Qbettors teaiagers safe from toe 
* ’ 1 - - • j 992 Winter Olympics. “We were al 

shocked when we beard the news.” 

The skinheads first began ap- 
pearing in OberboPs two discos m 
September after they were barred 
from night spots in Suhl, an indus- 
trial city with high unemployment. 

They quickly proved belligerent, 
beating several young Oberbof resi- 
dents, inducting Lais Wosbeit, 18, 
in the weeks trading up to the at- 
tack on Kennedy. 

‘The authorities here didn’t real- 
ly react until the American got at- 
tacked," said Weisbdr’s mother, 
Anne, who teaches at the local 
sports high school 

Well aware that toe economic 
future of his tourism-dependent 
community hung in toe balance. 
Mayor Hart mu J GObcl quickly 
faxed off a letter of apology to Presi- 
dent BiH Clinton and revoked the 
Kurparfcklause’s right to operate its 
discotheque for the next month. 

Police patrols were increased — 
a full-time officer will soon be as- 
signed to the dty — and a new 

foreigner violence that has plagued 
Germany ante unification. 


T •• ' 



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Ammttl; T-OvMUun J (Porsche*, eiyn- 
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•- Ftrtf Period: WDoml 4 (Kennedy, Tin- 
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(Quintal. Docol). Snots on eoaCW (on Roy) T- 
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Ottawa ■ 2 1 «-a 

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McOaln 4 1 Canb. Turnon),- lop). N.Y.-Fkrt- 
Sttn, Moctver). . (apLTMrd Pertad: O- 
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N.Y. (on Madeftv) 3Z o (on MCLav 

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DAreN I I 4-6 

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D-Shenpard 34Sesoad period: D-Praaerts, 
A-Houfdsr !• (Van Alien. Sacral. ArOaflos 
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snail oc ooai: D (an TMnwtt) 7-30-15-32. a 
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World Cup Skiing 

Remits Toesdar (rim HWeretottr, a» 
trter: u K)eW AaftAamixn, Norway, 2 mln- 
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■A nt w: WtoNtard, 3«r T, BamerseoJ, a*j; a. 

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trend Jtaiv, MS> UUUMrto Tamtn. Itofv, 174. 

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MMwCdl X Areeaon 

M UEFA to Investigate 
Torino Soccer Club 

BERN, Switzerland (AP) — 
UEFA will investigate allegations 
that toe Italian soccer club Torino 
engaged in improper financial deal- 
ings and hired prostitutes to enter- 
tain referees, a spokesman said 

Torino risks being expelled from 
European competition if the 
are proven. It is to play toe 
chib Arsenal in toe quar- 
i of the Cup Wianere' Cup 
in March. 

• Jan Branloot was dismissed as 
manager of the struggling Premier 
League dub Southampton. 

• Cameroon has hired Henri Mi- 
chel. former coach of the French 
national team, to run the West Af- 
rican nation’s World Cup soccer 

• At«b Pete Ayew. toe Ghana- 
ian. interna lional who plays for the 
French first division club Lyon, has 
won a third straight African Foot- 
baller of toe Year award. 

For die Record 

Andrei Medvedev withdrew from 
the New Sooth Wales Open because 
of an inflamed right knee and a 
possible ligament tear; he may miss 
next week’s Australian Open. (AP) 
NBC toide announcing that it 
had extended its Notre Dome foot- 
ball contract through 2000 , said it 
would not bid for toe rights to the 
1998' Winter Olympic Gaines in 
Nagano, Japan, 'to he negotiated 
next Wednesday in New Yoric. 
NBC won the rights to the 1996 
Summer Olympics for $456 million 
last July. ‘ iNYT) 

WemMejr, Old Trafford and El- 
land Rond have been chosen as the 
stadiums in which the British Lions 
will play world rugby league cham- 
pion Australia next fall (UPl) 

Dr. Jamie Astaphan, who admit- 
ted supplying steroids lo Canadian 
sprinter Ben Johnson, obtained 
some of the drugs from two Buffa- 
lo, New York, bar owners who have 
beat charged with smuggling ste- 
roids, police officials said. (AP) 
George (Lefty) James, 88 , coach 
of Cornell football trams dubbed 
the “James Boys" when they beat 
several national powers in the late 
1940s and early ’50s, died in Sara- 
sota, Florida, after suffering a 
stroke. (AP) 


• Senior golfer Jim Ferree, on 
bang named iu man of the year by 
The Mathews Foundation for Pros- 
tate Cancer Research: That's a 
nice honor, but the problem is, you 
have to ge* cancer logei it, so it’s 
not such a good deal, is it ? 17 

dutches of idleness. 

“We wanted to show the world 
that what happened to the Ameri- 
cans was not the real Oberbof or 
the real Germany,’' said Gobd, 
who greeted the returning luges 
with flowers when they arrived by 
car from Igls, Austria. 

Although tightening-tprick, like 
most Oberbof residents, to express 
remorse for toe attack, Gfibel be- 
lieves it was blown out of propor- 
tion by U.S. news organizations. 

“1 saw some television footage 
that was shown in the U5A, and 
they made it seem tike Oberhof was 
a place with major racial prob- 
lems,” he said. 

Christoph Dressier, 19, who stud- 
ied for a year in New Hampshire 
and stiQ weara a New England Patri- 
ots cap, shares that perspective. 

"Of course, we all feel badly 
about whar happened, but over 
there in the U JL people get beaten 
up ail the time because of trouble 
between blacks and whites, and 
German tourists get kffied in Flori- 
da.” he said. 

“J know Germany’s past is al- 
ways a big issue; but it is not like we 

Dtmcan Kennedy, kneefing, and Robert Pipkins preparing with 
their US. teammates for practice on Oberhofs hige ran. 

are toe only one with these triads of 

Anyone searching for signs of 
trouble in Oberhof in recent days 
me t with tittle success. 

No skinheads have been sighted 
here since the beating of Kennedy, 
and toe only Saturday night activi- 
ties in vogue with toe young and 
very hirsute Kurpartklause ctien- 
te le were shooting pool and chug- 
ging beer out of glass boots. 

Security was increased, however, 
for the U.S. team’s arrival Its hotel 
is under 24-hour surveillance; extra 
police patrols have been added and 
toe local military garrison put on 
low-level alert. 

Claire Shared, toe team manag- 
er, said toe team was satisfied with 
Oberhofs efforts and that toe only 

: hopes. edge of 0.71 seconds over Ma.vcr 

) Aamodt dominated on toe heading into toe second heat. 
SSrenalm Hflss slope, which had a Aamodt, toe 1993 g rant slalom 
vertical drop of 440 meters with 62 slalom world champion and 
gales in toe first run and 65 in toe toe 1992 Olympic super-G gold 
second, his closest rivals in toe bai- medalisi in Albertville, still posted 
tie for the overall title suffered di- toe fastest lime in tor second run. 
saster after disaster. He also moved atop toe gjan: 

GQnther Mader of Austria fell in slalom standings, with a one-poin; 
the first run. Alberto Tomba of lead over Mayer. 

Italy was in 2lst place after that “1 was attacking all the way in 
ran and did not even bother with toe second run but I never reallv 
the second. Marc Girardelli or Lux- thought 1 could make up the hie 
embuig, the defending champion, difference.” Mayer said. “Aanm-Jt 
couldn’t even qualify for the sec- is really top class.” 

(md heaL For Norway, which will host the 

With 100 points for toe victory. Gomes next month in Litieham- 
Aamodl raised his total to 674. 1 16 mcr, it was its second World Cup 
more than Mader. Tomba remained victory in a row after a dry spcil 
third with 454 and Girardelli early in toe season. Finn-Girisiian 
stayed in fourth place with 41 1 . Jagge won Sunday's slalom in 
Aamodt was timed in 2 minutes. Kranjska Gora. Slovenia. 

49.63 seconds for the two runs. Girardelli, seeking a record sixth 
Christian Mayer, who won toe afler nijewfy beating 

season’s thud giant slalom, in Val A*® 0 ™ season, faded to make 
(Flsfcre. France, in December, fin- of 30 f«nd : mn qualifier 

for the second ume in a giant sla- 
lom. He (railed Aamodt by neariv 
three seconds after the first run. 

Tomba. a (wo- time Olympic 
champion in toe giant slalom, 
failed to show up for the second 
beat after finishing toe first run 
1.91 seconds behind Aamodt. "nic 
Italian told race officials he had a 
painful left knee. He also failed to 
complete toe two weekend races. 
giant slalom and a slalom ir 
Kranjska Gora. 

■ FBI Aiding in Attack Case 
The FBI has entered toe case ic> 
help Detroit police identify toe 
man who attacked figure sk.ner 
Nancy Kerrigan last week, wirerer 
vices reportwL 

Three videotapes made about toe 
time of Thursday's attack, when 
Kerrigan was practicing for th«- 
U.S. Figure Skating Champ'Mn- 
ships. are being checked by tlv. 
FBI. One tape carried a glimpse of 
the man who struck Kerrigan once 
with a heavy rod before fleeing 
“The FBI has looked at the iepc' 
this morning and last night i’ n * ; 
they are going to assist us in sorm 
enhancement, " Detroit Deputy Po- 
lice Chief Benny Napoleon said 
Monday. “They have made it r- 

The tapes were flown Tuesday to 
FBI headquarters in Washington 
for further analysis. 

The assailant remained at large. 
Police were pursuing several ieaWc 
Monday. Napoleon said, but he de 
ctined to elaborate. 

The Detroit Free Press reported 
Tuesday that police are investignf- 
ing whether a fan of Tonya Har- 
ding, wbo woo her second national 
title when Kerrigan could not com- 
pete. was involved in toe attack. 

Kerrigan should begin staling 
again within a week, the doctor 
who performed a magnetic reso- 
nance imaging lest on her injured 
right knee said. 

Dr. Mahlon Bradley, who per- 
formed the lest in Peabody. Massa- 
chusetts, said it showed no damage 
to the kneecap or ligaments. 

“We are optimistic," Brad1c\ 
said in a statement. “The swelling 
in toe knee has stabilized, and there 
is an improved range of motion, 
although toe quadricep muscle is 
still weak. She has a 75-degr :e 
range of motion right now. Thar is 
double toe range she had at mv fr>' 
examination. 24 hours ago.” 

(AP. A! ?> 

RjK IbnchbojQ/ Ajeocc l 

precaution taken by toe Americans 
was to block toe from desk from 
giving out athletes’ room numbers. 

The thorniest problem for toe 
iugers tins week may be finding 
time to luge. They already have 
been invited to an informal “friend- 
ship" meeting with German Iugers 
on Wednesday ni^ht and to toe Kur- 
pariddausen to discuss racism wito 
Oberbof youth on Friday nighr. 

Barbara Kluger’s musical class 
of fourth graders also is lobbying 
for an American visit. 

Oeaiiy, they already have suc- 
ceeded in their roles as goodwill 
ambassadors. Kennedy's last 
words to Sherred as Ire hopped into 
a van Monday to drive away from 
the finish tine were “Gaire, Claire. 
don't lose my pigs ” 

Winston Leading Whitbread 

The Associated Press 

SOUTHAMPTON, England — Dennis Conner’s decision to split from 
the rest of the fleet paid off Tuesday, as the American yacht Winston 
sailed into the lead in the third leg of the Whitbread ’Round the World 

Tbe Whitbread 60 Winston went from 10th place to first in less than 24 
hours after Conner sailed south of the other yachts in search of stronger 
westerly winds for toe 3,673-nautical-mile leg' from Fremantle, Australia, 
to Auckland, New Zealand. 

Tuesday evening, Conner’s boat reported an average speed of 112 
knots, more than twice that of its nearest rivals. 

In second place, 30 miles off tbe lead, toe Swiss Maxi Merit Cup led a 
closely grouped pack. Another Maxi, New Zealand Endeavor, was two 
miles rather back, with several Whitbread 60s — Spain’s Galicia 93 
Pescanova, the European entry latnnn Justitia and the Japanese-New 
Zealand entries Tokio and Yamaha — all within six miles. 


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"age 18 



Good Morning , TV! 

By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — Woke up the 
other rooming, tuned on the 
rv. they were doing colon cancer 
Turned off the TV. 

Started the coffee, got the paper 
« I the from steps, Page One was 
Ining blood: not enough being do- 
nated. Worried awhile about 
whether there’d be enough life-sav- 
ng hospital blood in case some 
■ uckless devil gpt an artery acciden- 
tly severed while cutting his 
'reakfast grapefruiL 
Decided to risk it anyhow and 
•umed to sports pages, which were 
ioing alcohol and suicide. Also 
om ligaments, separated shoul- 
lers. pulled hamstrings, ruptured 
-pinal disks, artificial hips, necrotic 
»ints. rotator-cuff surgery. 

Turned to comics page while 
■vondering wha; ever happened to 
he good old Charley bone. Who 
'•as Charley? How come they 
■amed the Charley horse after him? 
•V'hy don’t papers, television, radio 
vcr give you this kind of useful 

Turned to ivory-lower crowd — 
■nlumnisLs, pundits, know-it-alls, 
how-offs. They were doing para- 
mo. hospital bills, suicide and fa- 
il gunshot wounds. 


Turned to the coffee, then re- 
icmbered a couple of weeks or 
tenths ago when some news guy 
. ling coffee disease said (he latest 
udy showed coffee was either good 
*■ bad for you if you were pregnant 
Couldn't remember which but 
oi being pregnant anyhow, fig- 
:red it was 0. K. to drink some and 
:id while turning on the TV again, 
r was doing breast cancer. 
Switched to another channel. It 
v:is doing weight loss. Willard 
iwtt looking emaciated, nevertbe- 
ess claimed he felt belter than I 
■id. which was probably true if be 
<adn’t sinned his day wiih colon 
/inter. suicide. Prozac, necrotic 
•intv. breast cancer, paranoia. 
Switched to yet another channeL 
t was doing AIDS. Turned off the 
V. turned to National Public Ra- 
in hoping to catch Daniel SchorT 
iving something interesting. No 
; ce. NPR was doing diabetes. 
Stayed with it a while anyhow, 
-'iggling's useless with radio. Tune 
vav from the public broadcast 
atinn and you're in deep racket 
r ilu.'uvands of miles around. 

Rock pounders, banjo pluck ers. 
Nashville weepers, talk-show 
yakkers trying to make everybody 
fed absolutely terrible. 


Might as well take the diabetes 
and be thankful public radio's not 
serving up its usual diet of starva- 
tion. intestinal worms, birth defects 
and badly fitted prosthetic devices 
Tor third-world amputees. 

This time it wasn't serving up 
Daniel Schorr either, so clicked the 
remote and plunged back into TV. 
It was doing Alzheimer’s. Escape 
from the media's daily disease as- 
sault looked futile, so decided to 
hunker down and let them lay the 

Alzheimer’s on me. 

In the early days of the media’s 
total infatuation with disease I al- 
ways listened with hypochondriac's 
devotion and soon discovered there 
are only two basic disease stories. 

Story Number One follows the 
“latest-sden tiTic-research'' plot. It 
says either ( I ) that the latest scien- 
tific research proves that something 
you’ve always enjoyed or thought 
was good for you is killing you, or 
(2) that the latest scientific research 
shows the earlier scientific research 
was wrong, so you can quit worry- 
ing about it 

In Story Number Two, every- 
body's hopes of living forever are 
raised by news of a scientific break- 
through that may wipe out the dis- 
ease you dread most. Hope is then 
immediately crushed by news that 
while years and years of more re- 
search remain to be done before a 
new miracle reaches the drugstore, 
it's also possible the new break- 
through may turn out to be a dud. 

The Alzheimer’s story was in the 
Number Two category, fresh pro- 
gress in the lab. but don't think 
they'll wipe it out before your turn 
comes. Dad. 


So ( flicked the remote, got an- 
other channeL They were doing 
cystic fibrosis. After that they 
abandoned disease loop enough to 
do death by shellfire in Sarajevo, 
some funerals of American police- 
men shot to death by testy youths, 
and the usual Supreme Court refus- 
al to stop the latest execution by 
lethal injection, after which they 
did fetal tissue implants. 

That was breakfast as usual. 

New York Tuna Service 

Winger: Landing 
With No Flight Plan 

By Jan Hoffman 

fietv York Tuna Service 

N EW YORK — Late one recent win- 
try afternoon, the chilly river light 
settled into the living room of one of the 
two penthouse apartments that Debra 
Winger owns in an Upper West Side build- 
ing in New York City. Wearing jeans and 
an indifferent white pullover, won gray 
socks and no shoo, no makeup. Winger 
poured herbal tea and curled up on the 
couch. She took a ap. Then she took aim. 

She recited from her recent press clip- 
pings: “ 'After eight years of lackluster 
pans, Debra Winger is bade' Back? Ex- 
cuse me, but what was working with Berto- 
lucci in the Sahara Desert — chopped 
liver?” she asked, her sleepy, sandpapered 
voice rasping to an indignant squeak. 

Audiences still remember her for her 
roles in the early 1980s: as the mechanical 
bull-riding wife in “Urban Cowboy”; as a 
local nriliworker who falls for Richard 
Gere in “An Officer and a Gentleman”; 
and as Shirley MacLaine’s dying daughter 
in “Terms of Endearment” But raise your 
hand if you saw “Everybody Wins,” 
“Mike's Murder” or “Wilder Napalm." Or 
for that matter, Bernardo Bertolucci's 
“Sheltering Sky." 

But now Winger seems to have thrown 
off the curse. In “A Dangerous Woman" 
Winger’s tour-de-rorce portrayal of Mar- 
tha — an emotionally stunted young wom- 
an who triggers a series of violent and 
sexual catastrophes — has received gener- 
ous praise, although the film itself has 
received reviews that ranged from mysti- 
fied to annoyed. 

Awards and nominations, including a 
Golden Globe, are beginning to roll in not 
only for her performance as Martha but 
also for her role as the vibrant Joy Gresh- 
am. the American writer who shakes the 
soul of C. S. Lewis, the reclusive theolo- 
gian played by Anthony Hopkins, in the 

The actress said she was drawn to the 
role of Martha because of the character's 
compulsion to Unit the truth. “Speaking 
the truth has gotten me into more trouble 
than any other phase of my personality," 
she said. 

Winger’s attitude about her confessional 
candor in the press is similar to her feelings 
about exposing herself on screen: “What’s 
the difference whether it’s 30 people 1 know 
well or 3 milli on I don't?” die said, with a 
chagrined laugh. “Gan YOU tell which is 
going to be more humiliating?” 

She has given giant headaches to a film’s 
publicity people, because, after she has. 
fought with a director, as is her wont, she 
won't pretend othswise. Nor, until re- 
cently, has she gone quietly about her 
private business. For years, the press glee- 
nifly portrayed her as a capacious consum- 
er of drugs, drink and men. “But I didn’t 
do anything worse than Jack Nicholson or 
Roman Polanski," she said with a mischie- 
vous grin. “Just kidding. Really.” 

The actress acknowledged that her rep- 
utation in Hollywood for bong outspoken 
and stubborn is well earned, “fve shot off 
my mouth in ways that are just not neces- 
sary and so I'm sorry about thaL But 
mostly. I'm really not." 

It would not be quite right to describe 
this 38-year-old actress and divorced 
mother as having mellowed, but she does 
seem chastened. A wounding affair with 
an man left her feeling blue 

during the holiday season, and recent 
deaths of dose friends have staggered her. 

Yet just when a woe- is- me chores threat- 
ens — “1 don’t have a lot of friends . . .” 
— she caught herself, laughing ripely. “And 
I'm sure if you include that line a lot of 
people will say, ‘Wefl, no wonderf ” 

Her living room conveys some sense of 
her quests and conquests. It is the comfy, 
flop-down room of a wealthy aging hippie: 
die rugs are from travels through Algeria 
and Morocco, there’s a butch from New 
Mexico and the handcrafted shelves of 
cherry, mahogany and pine are filled with 
serious books with cracked spines. The 
fireplace is framed with slabs of slate for 
her 6-year-old son, Emmanuel Noah Hut- 
ton (bier ex-husband is the actor Timothy 
Hutton), to use as a blackboard. 

Elsewhere are a cabinet from Nebraska 
— a souvenir from the days when she was 
the companion of Senator Bob Kerrey — 
and sculptures bought in Bali. 

After months traveling in Europe and 
Northern Africa looking for a place to call 
home, she bought an apple and feed-corn 
farm in upstate New York and spends 
most of the week there. She said she as- 
sumed she'd be living somewhere else 
within five yeara. “There’s jost not a flight 
plan. When I run oat of gas, I land for a 

Her life recently has been considerably 
calmer than it was in Hollywood, and, she 
added, in the media. The wild-girl reputa- 
tion was overblown, she said. “I would 
have one bad night, and it rock ’n' rolled 
for five years in the press. I only took add 
once — hi. Mom! Mushrooms, though, I 
did a lot of.” 


Debra Winger Tve shot off my mouth in ways that are just not necessary.’ 

She wants to make it dear that she isn't 
sane born-again teetotaler. “I stiH enjoy a 
cocktail, and I never renounced drugs. For 
just not pulled toward them anymore! 
Right before I got pregnant with Noah, I 

Right before I got pregnant with Noah, I 
realized 1 just could not do drugs and 
actively pursue what I wanted to pursue.” 

In this more sedate, teadrinking period 
of ha life, she car pods, readies Noah at 
home on the farm, plants bulbs, reads and 
spends an inordinate amount of time think- 
ing about herself. “The focus has changed, 
from, ‘Wow, loede at tins big bad world — 
what can I conqueiT ta “Gee, how does this 
workT” die said, panting to her head. 

She was feeling sad and deflated, she 
said, because the relationship of several 
years with the man she won’t name was 
not turning out weD. “In my vast — hahl 

— experience, I always did up thinking, 
‘What could have saved that?’ Friendship, 
not sex. Because tire sex comes and goes, 
and you can't control it 1 mean, yon can 
do all the things the magazines tell you to 
do, but honestly, how many new things 
can you discover? . 

“So Tm still working on it, Tm not 
giving up. Barfi time 1 get more tenacious 
about seeing things through instead of just 
retreating to my lue. Which, by the way, is 
not so bad. I don’t mind living alone.' 
When Tm in a relationship, my woik on 
myself is the first thing that goes out the 
window because I'm so willing to stopr 
she said, all but shrieking. 

“And that’s my honest answer and not a 
very pretty thing to look aL That’s why I 
fail so miserably at relationships.” 

Rooms With a View? 
Floss Bouse for Sale 

ft the wails had ears; or eyes: The 

hone of HekS Floss, the Holly- 
wood madam, is for sale. The Ihrec- 
bedroom house in the Santa Moni- 
ca Mountains — once owned by 
the actor Michael Douglas and 
owned since 1992 by Floss's father. 
Dr. Pad Hds — has been listed 
fa $1.8 million. 

' Burt Reynolds has tentatively 
agreed, to pay his estranged wife. 
Lad Anderson, SI 5,000 a month in 
child support fa tbs couple's 5- 
year-old: son, Reynolds's lawyer 
said. He also agreed to pay $ 22,000 
monthly rent on the bouse in Los 
Angeles Mure Anderson Hves with 
their adopted son, Quinton. 

This is funny? Stephen Hopkins, 
the -director of the forthcoming 
thriller “Blown Away,” says he re- 
ceived a licking package recently 
and called in the Los Angeles Po- 
lice Department's bomb squad. A 
robot opened the package and un- 
covered a dock attached to some 
Twinkies and a photo of the acta 
Cuba Gooding Jr., Hopkins's friend 
and a known prankster. Hopkins 
says be laughed about it after the 
initial shod: was over. “1 explained 
it was a joke and he didn't mean 
any harm,” he said. 


' The fireworks of a Janet Jackson 
concert have shot down one of the 
Virginia governor-elect’s three in- 
augural tails. George Allen's inau- 
gural officials canceled a Saturday 
night bash at the Richmond Colise- 
um because they feared they would 
not have enough time to set up 
after Jackson's Friday concert, 
which includes 14 flame projectors, 
60 gold twinkling waterfalls, 24 sil- 
ver airburst effects and eight fire- 


A Bette Midler concert in San 
Francisco raised $250,000 to sup- 
port the fight against AIDS. Five 
hundred of the several thousand 
tickets to Midler’s New Year’s Eve 
concert were sold fa $500 each to 
benefit the San Francisco AIDS 



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Forecast for Thursday through Saturday, as provided by Accu-Wealher. 







! Um«»*onoWy 

North America 

A fresh blanket of snow Is 
l*ety from Boston lo Wash- 
ington, D C . Friday Mo Sat- 
urday. Biltoriy cold air will 
overspread Itie entire east- 
ern hafl of the nation by the 
weekend. Some areas east 
of the Mississippi Bhier may 
have the coldest weather 
since 1969. The West wfl be 
sunny Bnd warm. 


Ireland to southwestern Eng- 
land will have windy, wet 
weather later ths week. Lon- 
don wVI have showers. wMe 
the region from Paris lo 
Berlin will have mainly dry. 
mad w ea ther through Satur- 
day. Dry weather and sun- 
shine wn prevail from Madnd 
through Home into Friday. 
Showers win arrive Saturday 


Japan will be In a stormy 
weather pattern lata thla 
weak. Tokyo wfl have mainly 
tarn. The Interior mourtains 
wfl have heavy stow. Major 
cities in China from Beijing 
on southward through 
Shanghai and Hang Kong 
wH be dry and mid. Much ol 
the Phftppines wfl have dry. 
very warm weather. 

High Low 
xt <9i am 

104 -IO<15 
19ns IMS! 
3t«a am 
23T3 15/199 
0/32 e/35 
TM 205 
88*2 24/75 
20*8 15*1 
8/46 007 

T u in wnm 
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Of CiF 
pc 3801 27/71 pe 
pc -1/31 - 8/18 * 
c IBJB4 14<57 pc 
pc 3KM am e 

* am 11*7 c 
sn 205 -10M5 pc 
*• BMS -3I2T • 

* 20*7 74/75 *1 
rtl 19*0 12/SI ah 
pc 9/48 409 r 

15/50 17/53 C 18*4 13*5 pc 
74/75 1509 0 71/70 1407 pc 
21/70 g/48 ■ 23/73 12/53 ■ 
27/71 10*0 pc 73/73 8/48 pc 
31*8 24/75 ■ 37/09 74/75 • 
74/75 lofio a 76/79 1203 pc 
13*6 6/43 pc 17*7 8/46 a 

North America 

Middle East 

Today Tomorrow 

moh Law W HK#i Law W 
C* Cff OF OF 

19<ra 12*3 pc 71/70 13*5 S 

77/71 10/50 a 71/70 7/*4 a 

17*7 » 18*4 7/44 a 

16.61 8'4Q a 17/67 9/48 s 

78/8? 8** a 70/79 4/39 a 

31/70 1353 pc 73-73 11,53 pc 

Latin America 

High Low 

High Low W Wgn Low W 
Buanoa Ana 32*9 10*4 a 31*8 21/70 a 

Caracas 79*4 23/73 pc 79/84 73r73 pc 

Lm 25/77 19*8 pc 25/77 70*8 pc 

MomnC* 1B«4 8 Me pC ISAM 6M3 a 

RttdaJroko 27*0 23/73 1 28*2 73/73 pc 

Sartbpo 29*4 13/55 9 31*8 18*1 pc 

Ry*«i 31/70 1253 pc 73.73 11,53 pc Sarubpo 29*4 13/55 9 31*8 18*1 pc 
Legend: s-cuimy. pc-pa/lV cloudy, c-douoy. ah-stowas. Hhurdeiatornw, *aw Italics, 
sn-srow.Mcc.W WcaS'cr. *11 nape, foie caato and data provided by tou-Woottnr. fcic- O IBM 

I -9/16 pc 
i -1/31 pc 
» -3/77 pc 
S -18* of 
I «/Z2 pc 
I -13* C 
» 18*1 pc 
• 2/35 pc 
I 8/48 ■ 

) 1S/W pc 
) -26/-1? pc 
I -11/13 wi 
) 21/70 pc 
> -H31 c 

I 7144 9 
I 6/43 9 
■ 5/4 1 ib 
I -9/16 d 
» -2 « C 


i Smelling 

■ Howard and 

lo Hill-climber of 

14 WaK-nigh 

15 Hand -cream 

1 « Writer Wiese! 

17* Davis 


IB 1982 Beineix 

ia Rat amount? 

20 Subject of this 
22 Designer 
22 Opulence 

24 Islands 

M Hamilton of the 
Carter White 

•o "Topper pooch 
»i Tom Joad, e.g. 
32 Bond 
39 Fured-up 

22 Accord signer 
of 78 

Solution to Pusle of Jan. 11 

asasa mnan auaa 
□□□sa sann emaa 
□□□□□ asaa aesaa 
aacD sbh 
□□□ bdqb anaaaa 
□□□a anas aaaaa 

□□ana aaao 
□□□□□a aaan □□□ 

son SIDED 

□any auna aaaaa 
anoa bqjqq aaaaa 
□□as □□ua □□□Lua 

41 G.l. address 
«2 Tool for 
bending cold 

43 Laugher? 

44 Bumper 

4a Noted name In 
47 TV palomino 
40 Maintain 
51 Promised Land 
84 Bumpkin 
SB Barbra’s co-star 
In ’68 
57 Noted 

performers on 



83 Falling-out 

64 ■ Man’ 

(Estevez flick) 
•5 Kind of cannon 
as Opposed 
er Geometry 
SB Wipe out 
M It may generate 
to Clobber 
ti Jinni 

1 Kemo 

2 Sacked out 
3A good deal 
41984 Nobettst 

s’ by 

b Base of a 
number system 
7 Thimble 
Theater' name 
s Smoked salmon 
- B Rap session? 
to Performer on 
debut show 

11 Alimentary 
canal part 

12 Yotba — 

12 Admit 

21 Bronchiole 

29 Snobbery 
28 Playwright 

27 Rubber stamp 

28 The Cyclone, 

2B Performer on 
debut show 
so Light gas 

33 Alan or Cheryl 

34 News or g 
founded in 1958 

as Wealthy person 

37 Ripening agent 

38 Insurance writer 


40 Georgia home 
4§ Mr. Kaplan 
48 Draw in 

.e New York Times Edited by Will Shortz. 

Foote by FiodPUcop 

so Used wax, 
si Sea 

(WW. II site) 
52 add 

S3 Goro/Perot 
debate topic 

59 Ran like mad 
so Rich soil 

64 Beat the Offense 61 Former Sincla/r 
SB Lusitania sinker competitor 
58 ’You are * as Examined 

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li*J l AIKT 

AB5T Acvw Numbers 
How to call a mural the world. 

1 l 'mhii the i hart Mow. find the munny you an? i .tilim? In »m. 

2 Uul tlw tcnnnponUinj? ARET Acre«s Number 

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Australia 0014-881-011 

CblnaJTtQo* 10811 

Guam 018-g72 

Hong Kong 800-1111 






New Zealand 





Sri Linka 




009- 11 











Austria^* 4 





Czech Rep 






~ 022-903-01T 












H ungary* (XU-80 0-01 111 

k eland’a WIMMI 

Ireland 1- 800-550^000 

Maly* 172-1011 

Ucctaenstefar 155-00-11 

LMnraniav 8*196 

LuxemN r urg i> 8 Qi.i -0111 

Mato’ ~ 0600-890-110 

Monaco* iy *-0011 

Nethertaoda* 06022-9111 

Norway* 800-190-11 

Poland**- 0*010480-0111 

PortngaT 05017-1-288 

Romania 01-800-4288 

Slovakia 0042000101 

Spain 900-99-00-11 

Sweden* 020-795-611 

Switzerland* 1*540-11 



Bahrain 800001 

Egypt* (Cairo) 510-0200 

Israel 177-100-Z727 

Kuwait BOO-288 

L ebanon (Beir ut) 426-801 

Saudi Arabia i-flOU-IOQ 

Tnrfcey* 00-800-12277 


Argentina* Ot>1-800-2Qp.iin 

Belize* 555 

Bolivia* E80P-1P1 

Brazil 000-8010 




00* -03 12 

ICosta Rka*» 114 



‘El Salvador* 







J 25 



Nicaragua (Managua) 174 



Venezuela** . 




' British VI 
'Cayman Islands 
• Grenaifa* 

' Haiti* 

' Jamaica** 
INcth. Antfl 
, Sl lOtcvNevts 

: a 


'Q amfrf 






* 1-800-872-2881 












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