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Paris, Saturday-Sunday, January 15-16, 1994 

No. 34,486 

Hopes for Gesture by Syria in Geneva 
Mix WithaDose of Caution in Israel 

J By C^de Habermaii ■ 

V«p Vort T^ws Semcp ■' 

JERUSALEM — After months of bemg 
shewed to tbesde, lead’s peace taKs witS 

seniorlMaeh'cf&o^ssayiheydpnet know 
if the D^gotijuttiaas canjbq puQed out of the 
bog they ere. in, ■’*' 

.. Ttekey for them iethe meetn^ scheduled 
Sunday in Geneva between President BID 
Clinton and President HafezAssad of Syria, 
an encounter that hat received such a buEki-. 
up here that one could be faremb an im- 
pressim thatthc rest of Mr. dm ton’s Eurt> 
peas journey is a mere cover tor Ids 

nan . - handed if hewants to improve relations with 
« . r the United States; especially to get Syria 

B tbs of being removed fromWasiringtoa’s fist of countries 
lire talks with that sponsor ter rori sm. 
to a&gtvbut' - Among other subjects Hfcefy to be taken 
donolknaw . op .are die fate of several hundred Jens 
fed out pf the 7 remaining in Syria; possible Syrian'mvolve- 
meriL hr Middle East drug trafficking; Syr- 
mgschwfciled . ..ia.’s links to tori; its abetment of radical 
President B2T Palestinian groups, and its continued pur- 
kSsadofSyria, chases of advanced weapons from North 
suchaboild- Kora. 

i^rtdo an im- ; Butihe coreissue is generally considered 
tmtaa’s Eon> =• to be the future of the Golan, a source of 
oyer to. his . . mudi-af Israei’s water and a plateau that 
. ’’ Syria had used before 1967 to sheDiiarthem 

give, ate U.S. 1-. toadi settlements, 
is one official. . “I would guess that this is the time for 

aroointinau with the Syrian. I Syria had used before 1967 tosheS oortl 

. Israelis warn Mr. Assad to grre die ll^. 1-. Iaradi settlements, 
president ‘‘the magic word,” as one official; . “I would guess that this is the time 
put it:- a state m ent that be is readyto "nor- Assad to say pubhdy, or at least to whi 

mafize” relations wichisrad in return for an : ’ • in Mr. GKntaa’5 ear, what he means by 

Israeli withdrawal int- 

portanl Golan Hearts,, : winch tend cap- 
tured from Syria in th&1967 war and virtual- 
ly annexed in 1981. . 

If to raises.the prospect of “normabza- 
troa” — defined by the Israelis as diplomatic 
relations, open borders and trade — then 
‘Tie wiD find in tend a partner ready to do 
business with him^ Dqjuty Foreign Minis- 
ter Yossi Bdhn has said. 

Tteinevitabteijtft»^latwonklbe teach 
recognition of Syrian sovereignty over the. 
Golan Heights, paving the way Tor an even- 
tual withdrawal. - ■ ; ! - >- • * •. - • -L-.v . . 

Despite more than two years of talks and 
occasional dimmers of hoped-for progress, 
the two nations - have haacafiy gone no- 
where. Syria offers peace* but says it first 
wants Israel to commit itsdf to leamnlihe 
Golan, where IsraeLsays 

it is prepared to pulltadc* at leastpartly, 
but first wants to hear v^at flie ^rrians 
mean by peace. ’ • 

The quesboo nowls. whether dje equation 

Some te^^g^^d acad^c^- 

peace,” sad Moshe Maoz, aHebrewUoi- 
versity professor wte speciafizes m Syrian 
7 affairs. ... 

. - The optimists have been encouraged by 
certain signals, such as the reported remarks 
last week byVice President Abdel Halim 
• Khaddam pf Syria that "honnafization” was 
. a part of the talks with Isrart That is hardly 
the same as haring Mr. Assad say it bat 
load, bat to some officials here H was a step 
. in tte right direction. 

• If thetalks in Geneva go wen, the United 
"States h expected to announce a resumption 
rd Icng^uspmdrd peace talks in Washing- 
ton co Jan. 3 4> not only between tend and 
Syria, but also among Israel and Jordan, 
: . Lebanon and the Palestinians. 

... .^T he^j esthnan track, however, has been 

... tmeU^ra^a^ga^atiofl, whose Degoti- 
; ators are struggling to turn it into a workable 

-Not afi Israelis are sure they will hear 
magic wordsfrom Geneva, 
r (xrigaMmister Shimon Feres, normally 
, a leading optimist, has cautioned that Mr. 



By Dayid E. Safiger, 7 

p— y^, Sena. . ; ... 7; • 

TOKYO — In the test aadedown on eepn- 

a>untryb^iar 1 tte,J^pmje«pc^tededoOTB- 
P«Tni>c ihroughoni the Ttdryo area on Friday, 
seareteng to evitfiaace they had; ^ppedrdeo- 
tnmic iastruments that cwM aid die, North’s 
wide-ranging efforts to build new mxssues. 

to bolstoilseffbiitobrirfi tteTtote’srwdeaDr 
imri nissikpngects toanah, quietly pressed.. 
Japan to stem what appears to he a stea dy flow 
ot ckcmmics arid oausr goods tp ^Qie g overo- 
ment ia Pyongyang. American intdl^ojce offi- 
cials have said in. recent weeks that they are 
tracking several efforts by the North Koreans 
to purchase critical etectronic parts in Japan, 

« was toud whow toequ^gnatt 
in the latest invtstigation reached Nor th Ko rea 
~ test mstrumeiits that can in^rove amissil^s 
ability to tradt-targels --Japmese anriAmen- 

The Visitor 
Wobbled on 
A Diplomatic 

By R. W. Apple Jr. 

Nnt York Times Service 

MOSCOW — American Presidents used to 
crane here to treat with monolithic govern- 
ments. On his arrival this week. Bill Clinton 
found no real government at all, but rather two 
inchoate groups, one composed erf reformers, 
the other a mix of go-slow pragmatists and 
countemformera, all struggling for power, 
ttaggffriug into an unfathomable future. 

Hiat put the young, inocperieoced president 

mg to keep his balance. He did not fan off , but 
he did not make it across without a lew wob- 

“1 thought the tone was excellent,” said a 
senior European diplomat who had never seen 
Mr. CKruon in action before. “He never conde- 


scended to them. He told than how great their 
country is, which they need to bear, especially 
from the mighty Americans 

“He said their country was not the only one 
with problems, and he talked about his own 
difficulties in pushing health-care reform 
through CoDgress. He also told them, as they 
hare learned to their cost, that the free market 
doesn't have all the answers." 

-The president and his senior aides chose to 
spend most of their time with the leader of the 
first group, President Boris N. Yeltsin. 

Only at a reception Thursday night at Spaso 
House; the US. ambassador’s residence, did he 
briefly encounter the second group, m ingli ng 
with and praising members of all parlies in the 
new parliament. His national security adviser. 
W. Anthony Lake, spent roost of his time there 
with the leader of the semi-reformed Commu- 
nist Party, with wbran the Americans may want 
to do business. 

...Upping his bet on Mr. Yeltsin, Mr. Qinton 
chose notto visit tbe parliament, not to speak at 
length to its members, not to hold substantive 
meetings with its Jeadoa, at toast partly because 
the legislative hierarchy has not yet solidified. 
He held four long meetings with Mr. Yeltsin. 

“There is a ‘with-us-or-against-us’ mentality 
in this country, which Clinton has chosen to 
accept,” said a Briton long resident is Moscow. 
“He chose not to stress the inpcrtance of 
parliament, because pariiamait is obviously 
Yeltsin’s adversary. He opened not an inch of 
mace between famtseif and, Yeltsin, ahbengh 
Yeltsin is tii deefine,'- arguably tonrinal do-. 


Other people noticed, too, and some object- 
ed, as have critics in "Washington, to what 
looked like excessive identification with one 


“Mr. President," a man in Red Square said to 
Mr. Qinton during bis televised town meeting, 
“we’re getting an impression you're supporting 
not so much the reforms in Russia but the 
personality of Mr. Yeltsin.” . 

Mr. Qinton, vdto had answered a similar 
qnestion a few moments before, replied once 
a g ain , saying: Tm the president of tbe United 
States. 1 should be open to meeting with and 
listening to all the democratic voices in Russia. 
But in the end, I still have to work with your 

Fra: all the danger that awaits the Russian 
politician who overidentifies with the United 
States, Mr. Yeltsin spoke of “my friend Bffl 
Quiton." It was said, as it has been repeated at 
every summit meeting for decades regardless of 

See TRIP, Page 5 

can officials say. much of it is purchased by 
Rordans who tee in Japan but profess loyalty 
- to Kim B Sung, the North's 81-ywar-oM leader. 

TheKOTeari-Japanese are also beheved to be 
tbe source of 5600 minion to SI . bifficai that 
flows ariross the Sea of Japan annually, one of 
:thendar!y bankropt Norlfi’s biggest sources of 

Japan bar said that it would by! to stop the 
flow otmemey so the North, only after the UN 

‘ Debate oversatdfifa exports to Qna heats up 

imposed. sanctions against Mr. Kim's govern- 
roent to keeping international nuclear mspcc- • 
tors at bay. Butit appears- to be Crying to tighten 
the controlson technology. ■' 

“Sd far, bur oantFOl over what is going to 
= Norte Korea has been voy, very loose,” a 
sento Japanese official conceded earlier tins 
’ week, before the raids. But the luggage of pas- 
seagecs who travel to North Korea via retry 

from Niigata is still not seatdted, apparently 
because of Japan’s fear of prompting trouble 
with its North Koreans. 

The equipment being investigated was con- 
sidered “dual use,” meaning that it could be 
used for both civilian and military purposes. 
But the "spectrum analyzer” for radio waves 
that the potice are eying to track is included on 
the Cowan Hsi of restricted technology. The 
phrase refers to the Coordinating Committee 
to Multilateral Export Controls. News reports 
suggest that the Ministry ctf International 
Trade and Industry might havebeen duped into 
issuing a license to ship the equipment, based 
on a falsified application. 

At a news conference, Hiroshi Komagai, 
minister of international trade and industry, 
said behad instructed his staff to “deal with the 

Mr. Kim’s government has already built its 
own version of Scud missies and has shipped 
many to the Middle East Japanese offioals are 

SeeJRAID, Ptoge 4 

Mr. CSnton in a Moscow studio Friday taking questions from his audience. Viewers in 
far-fhmg dties, participating by video hookup, were also able to pose their questions. 

After Steep Falls , Markets 
In Asia Regain Footing 

By Michael Richardson 
and Lawrence Malkin 

hutmauctial Herald Tribune 

Reversing several days of sharp falls, most 
Asia- Pacific stock markets rebounded on Fri- 
day, with Malaysia scoring tbe strongest gain. 
The composite index of the Kuala Lumpur 
Stock Exchange jumped 102 percent 

The rises, however, failed to make up for 
recent heavy Josses when investors, Zed by 
American and Japanese institutions, dumped 
stock to lake profits in what were widely viewed 
as overheated markets. 

Tbe Kuala Lumpur stock market had lost 
nearly 15 percent of its value in the three days 
before Friday. 

Analysts said that an assurance Thursday by 
Mahathir Mohamad, the Malays an prime min- 
ister, that the gpvenunait believed the fall in 
share prices was temporary because Malaysian 
companies had a sound base had helped to 
revive confidence in both the Kuala Lumpur 
and Singapore exchanges, winch trade many of 
the same companies. 

In Singapore, the benchmark index rose 4.92 
percent. The Aria-Pacific component of the 
International Herald Tribune Weald Stock In- 
dex rose 2.81 percent, to 1 19.74. 

Brokers said buying on Asia-Pacific ex- 
changes on Friday came from both foreign and 
local sources. “People felt the markets had been 
sold down too aggressively,” said James Bax. 

pcrefpte Ltd. “There is sill a lot of money 
around and the fundamentals of most regional 
economies are still strong.” 

But he cautioned that Asia-Pacific stocks 
were likely lobe volatile in the next six months 
as investors cashed in on huge gains made over 
thepast year and shifted funds to other areas. 

Toe stock market in Japan, which some frmd 
managers have said is due for a re-rating after a 
dismal performance in the last two years, 
staged a late afternoon rally. Tokyo’s Nikkei 
average gained 2.13 percent. 

“New York shares are starting to recoil from 

Jopon 9 s Bad Guys: Out of Fashion and Out of the Script 


TOKYO — -The test Japansie gangster is 

about to Hte ite dost— 

. Toa Stndjos^theooly^^wsfirf^lBtte still . 


becanschanfiy ^aayfrody giestoseejfcfici any- 
more* a.sptteSfflan sob. y ; .*-■ 

NewsstamJ Prices ^ 
^Andorroi-M.94»FF ^ Luwmbowvde LJg; ; 

(Sfefu .I ff 

Fnra.— AJJFf Senegal ^1481 CFA'/ 
GaMn-;~. aWCFA, 5^4 , .to o ptas 
G reece — Tunisia :..JAOdOm 
(toy Coasi-560 CFA Turta^-T.t-12^0D 


- This igioBiinkns exit ^ 

{Sri tmemcapmsult to the once-procd Japanese 
underworld, which has lost thousands ofmeni- 
bas aid much of its fearsome stature since tbe 
govemment launcbeti a war on orgaiized crime 

' ^anti-gangster law went into effect 

id- 1992 , the publK attimde has really turned 
g game f the rang^” said the Tod spokesman, 
' Kuniyaki Fnrm^g g “li*sbard to make heroes 
-out of timyabHa any more:*' 

•One reason ganger films tend 10 flop m 

- offer far more, blood and guts than doraestie- 
made cinema. t 

“ 'In fact there is plenty of murder and may- 
. hwn no Japanese screens both large and small , 
even tboo^ viofem'criine nl real life is reiativ©- 
iv iarc, Tbe popnl&r.s&mnrai dramas appearing 
cm national tetevirioa most, nights of the v/tdt 
routinely leave dead bodies by the dozen in tbe 

turf. Americas honor and mass-murder films 
are staples of late-night television - 
But Japanese shoofan-up films do not make 
money anymore. 

’Tor one thing, the large majority of movie- 
goers in Japan now are female,” said Haruo 
Mizuho, one erf 1 Japan's most prominent film 
critics. "They don’t have any interest in png- 
ster Sms. Second, iheTVneiworks won't show 
gangster movies daring golden tune; and with- 
out a TV sale movies daft have a lag enough 

The gangster^ritfr*-heait-<rf-gpki was once 
a standard of Japan's film industry. The most 
famous movie ganger here, Ken Takaknra, 
never even earned a gun; he dtewtehed his fora 
with a samurai sword instead. This reflected the 
public perception of the yakuza as a kind of 
Japanese RobinHood. helping ordinary people 
against the establishment 
For decades, the mob and the police earned 
on in a stare of peaceful coexis t e n ce: In recent 

years, however, the yakuza lost whatever popu- 

larity they had as they moved into such busi- 
nesses as loan-sharking and protection rackets, 
wh ich tend to harm ordinary citizens. With the 
advent of the Violent Groups Control Law 
early in 1992, the police embarked on a major 
crackdown, with broad public support. 

Gradually, all tbe big studios except Toei 
stopped making gangster movies. The last ya- 
kuza movie dial made a profit was in fact an 
anti-yakuza movie. 

• That was “Mob Woman," made in 1992 by 
T urn Kami, the director known in the West to 
films like “A Taxing Woman” and “Tampopo” 
Mr. Itami's movie made fun of the yakuza — 
and they paid him back. Three mobsters were 
convicted Of slashing the director's face with 
knives after jumping out of a car. Japan’s equiv- 
alent of a drive-by shooting. 

Unbowed, Mr. Itami held a news conference 
from his hospital bed to denounce the yakuza 
once ny in tbs whole inridenl seemed to m- 

See MOVIES, Page 4 

Clinton Urges 
Russia to Stay 
On the Road 
To Reform 

In TV f Town Meeting ,’ 
He Pleads With Viewers 
To Choose the Future ’ 

hi ghs, and since other Asian stock markets are 
overheated, foreigners are pairing into” the 
Japanese market, a trader at Tsiheiyo Securities 
in Tokyo told Reuters. 

In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng index surged 
S.87 percent. 

Steven So, an analyst at Jardine Fleming 
Securities in Hong Kong, said that the rebound 
of shares in the colony was “quite strong but we 
need to break above 1 1.000 to reverse the down- 
trend" set by tbe market’s plunge tins week. 

The Hang Seng index ended at 10.77425, up 
597.74 points, after plunging 5 percent on 

See MARKETS, Page 10 


Mobutu Dissolves 
Zaire Parliament 

KINSHASA, Zaire (AFP) — President 
Mobutu Sese Seko. who has been jockey- 
ing for years with pro-democratic forces in 
Zaire, on Friday ordered the dissolution of 
the parliament, the government and the 
High Council of the Republic. 

In a message to the nation. Marshal 
Mobutu said that agreements signed be- 
tween Jus supporters and the opposition 
had meant “as an immediate consequence 
the dissolution of tbe present government 
of transition. " 

Wider NATO Games? 

BONN (Reuters) — Germany and Den- 
mark may hold joint land-based military, 
maneuvers with Poland as an early, con- 
crete result of NATO's initiative to in- 
crease cooperation with former Warsaw 
Pact states, Germany’s commander in 
chief. General Klaus Naumann. said Fri- 

When and How? 

Ending the ww/iw 

The series resumes Monday . ttrfifl a funk 
at Japan: With unemployment heading tu 
lewis not seen since World Wur II. will 
Tokyo's plans for ectmomic stimulation 
do any good'.’ 

Also in Monday’s Trib, Patricia Wells 
posts her first list of the world’s 10 test 
restaurants with her fourth report - from 
France - on great places to dine. 

By Serge Schmemann 

Se+ York Tima Scniee 

MOSCOW — President Bill Clinton plunged 
into a nationally televised “town meeting" Fri- 
day to urge Russians to stay the course toward a 
free market and democracy and to find a “new 
definition of Russia’s greatness." 

Gearly stimulated by provocative questions 
from a youthful audience at the Ostankino 
television center in Moscow and similar groups 
in video hookups from other cities. Mr. Clinton 
was alternately professor, politician and 
preacher. He counseled Russians (0 “choose tbe 

“I come here as a friend and supporter of the 
democratic changes going on in inis nation." he 
told them. “I hope lhaf my nation and l can 
make a positive contribution, in the spirit of 
genuine and equal partnership." 

He added. “In the end. you will have to 
decide your own future, f do not presume to do 
that” ’ 

Tbe telecast was tbe first such live appear- 
ance ever by an American president in Moscow. 

Russia's lower bouse elects an anti-reform 
Communist as speaker, o U.S. grapples with 
politics of wreath-laying in Belarus. Page 5. 

and it offered Mr. Clinton a nationwide audi- 
ence for the central theme of his visit — to 
declare America's support for Russia’s embat- 
tled reforms and its struggiinz president. Boris 
N. Yeltsin. 

If any reminders were needed, the opening 
days of Russia's new parliament provided them 
constantly. On Friday, while the presidents 
were meeting in the grand halls of the Kremlin, 
the new State Duma elected a devoted Commu- 
nist as its speaker. And the rightist Vladimir V. 
Zhirinovsky caused another furor, as he was 
slugged by another deputy who resented that 
tbe demagogic nationalist had been given pref- 
erential treatment at the parliament canteen. 
(Page 5) 

The main agreements that did emerge dealt 
largely with the troublesome arsenals left o>er 
from the Cold War. 

The major bonus of Mr. Clinton's journey 
was realized at the start of the day when Presi- 
dent Leonid M. Kravchuk of Ukraine joined 
Mr. Chmon and Mr. Yeltsin in signing a state- 
ment in which Ukraine agreed to turn its strate- 
gic nuclear warheads to Russia for dismantling 
in exchange for security assurances and com- 
pensation m the form of nuclear fuel. 

All three presidents hailed the “trilateral 
statement" as a break in what a senior Ameri- 
can official described as Ukraine's “ stall 

Mr. Kravchuk has signed agreements at least 
twice to surrender the weapons, which are 
blocking the implementation of major disarma- 
ment treaties between the United States and 
Russia. But tbe Ukrainian legislature has not 
ratified the pacts, convinced that without the 
missiles Ukraine would become irrelevant to 
the West and vulnerable to Russia. 

The statement signed Friday was less a for- 

See CLINTON, Page 5 

German Police 
Say 'Swastika’ 
Victim Was liar 

By Rick Atkinson 

HinStingfon Port Servin' 

BERLIN — A 17-year-old German girl in a 
wheelchair who claimed that neo-Nazi skin- 
heads carved a swastika in her cheek apparently 
did it herself and fabricated the story, a prose- 
cutor announced Friday night. 

Public Prosecutor Jurgen Hossfeld said the 
girl “most probably" was lying when she told 
the police Monday that three skinheads had 
attacked her as she left a public toilet, cutting 
the Nazi symbol in her left cheek after she 
refused to repeat fascist slogans. 

A nationwide search for the culprits, de- 
scribed as two youths in their late teens and a 
15-year-old girt, failed to turn up the assailants. 

Mr. Hossfeld said the police had been skepti- 
cal earlv in the investigation because no wit- 
nesses had seen the attack or heard any 
screams, although the assault reportedly took 
place at nhddav in the large eastern city of 

Reports of the alleged attack generated out- 
rage across Europe by groups representing the 
disabled, by politicians and by ordinary citi- 
zens. Fifteen thousand people gathered in Hal- 
le’s central square on Thursday to protest neo- 
Nazi violence and demonstrate support for the 

German politicians condemned the attack 
and called for tougher laws to punish violent 
rightist offenders in general and particularly 
those who prey on the disabled. 

President Richard van WeizsScker called the 
episode “an unacceptable infamy." On Friday, 
before Mr. Hossfeld 1 s announcement, a Vati- 
can theologian denounced the attack and 
warned that Nazi ideology is re-eraereing in 

The girl, identified in the German press only 
as EUce J.. had claimed that after one of her 
assailants slashed her cheek he warned: ‘This 
time we were reserved. Tbe next ume it will be 
worse." The authorities in Halle said the girl 
left the diy on Thursday and probably was in 

A Few similar frauds have been unmasked 
See GERMAN, Page 2 



Defying NATO, 
Croatia Puts Jets 
Into Bosnia Fight 

• -v:. "".:v !•' 

By John Ponifret 

Washington Post Service 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovi- 
na — CroaUan Army jets and heli- 
OOpiers attacked Muslim positions 
in central Bosnia twice in a 24-hour 
period. United Nations officials 
Said Friday. The raids marked an- 
other flagrant violation of the 
NATO-enforced air-exclusion zone 
in Bosnia and a major escalation of 
Croatia’s involvement in the war in 

Croatian Army helicopters di- 
rected fighter jets in a rocket attack 
against the Muslim-held Bratstvo 
ammuni tion factory near the cen- 
tral Bosnian city of Travnik on 
Thursday afternoon as well as 
around the Vitez area on Thursday 
morning, the UN military officials 

“It seems that helicopters were 
directing Fighters into the attack.” 
said Lieutenant Colonel William 
Aikman, a spokesman for the UN 
Protection Force in Bosnia. 

While Colonel Aikman declined 
to identify the aircraft as belonging 
to the Croatian Army, he added 
that he did not believe the mostly - 
Muslim Bosnian Army possessed 
fighter jets. No Serbian forces op- 
erate in the area, and UN sources 
later confirmed that the Croatian 
Air Force had been responsible for 
the attacks. 

The air raids — around Travnik 
and also the village of Pocetirijusi 
south of Vitez — mark a significant 
intensification of Croatia’s direct 
involvement in the war in Bosnia. 

For months, Croatian Army 
units have quietly been backing 
Croatian paramilitary forces in 
Bosnia as part of a plan to carve out 
a predominantly Croatian mini- 
state inride the former Yugoslav 

Recently, however, Bosnian Cro- 
atian losses to Muslim forces 

prompted President Franjo Tudj- 
man of Croatia to publicly warn 
that his army would support Cro- 
atian forces in Bosnia. 

Mr. Tudjman's threat prompted 
counterwaraings by Western offi- 
cials that international economic 
sanctions could be imposed on 
Croatia if it continued to intervene 
in Bosnia. UN officials in Sarajevo 
said that the air attacks imtiegted 
that Mr. Tudjman had not taken 
such warnings seriously. 

The attacks also highlig ht what 
many UN officials see as a failure 
of NATO planes to enforce the air- 
exdurion zone. 

In December, according to UN 
officials, Serbian forces flew heli- 
copters and fixed-wing aircraft 
during an assault on Muslim posi- 
tions near the northeast Bosnian 
town of Teocak. The Bosnian Ser- 
bian paramilitary commander, 
Ratko Mladic, directed his forces' 
assault on the strategic mountains 
of Igman and Bijeiasnica over the 
summer from the copilot's seat on 
a helicopter. Muslim forces also 
regularly fly helicopters, but are 


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SO 17 SE Meter George VorAtoa Marceau 

sr. JAMES' CHURCH. Sin 9 am Rte I & 
11 a.m, RBe II. Vb Bernardo Rueeiai 9, 
50128 Florence, Italy. TaL: 395629 44 17. 


(BBaroeMndcan} Sun Hfiiy CommtMrri9& 
1 1 am Sunttoy School and Nuwy KMS am 
Seb^dat Ftnz SL 22. 60323 FiaHtfurt. Germa- 
ny, Ul . 2, 3MqueFAIea TeL 49159 55 01 84. 

not believed to possess any opera- 
ble military airplanes. 

NATO pilots have been given a 
laborious series of rules to follow 
before they are allowed to attack 
aircraft that violate the air-exclu- 
sion zone. Repeated requests must 
be made for the aircraft to land, 
and there are strict orders to the 
NATO pilots not to Die unless 
fired on. 

Since the flight ban was put in 
place, no violators have been shot 
down and the only time NATO 
pilots came close to firing, accord- 
ing to NATO officers, the target 
was a Bosnian Army helicopter car- 
rying war casualties. 

The Croatian Air Force auack 
on Thursday occurred in an area in 
central Bosnia where Muslim 
forces have trapped an estimated 
68,000 civilians and paramilitary 
Fighters. The strategic Lasva Valley 
ties like a figure eight along a rood 
connecting Vitez with Busovaca. 


Italian Electionls Forecast for March 

ROME (Rentes)— President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro met paritamen jary 
leaders an Friday to discuss dissolving ltd/* md ^ cabnw 

minister said a date for early elections, M watershed 

is Italy's corruption crisis, could be annoiauxd Sdm«. 

Intokrns abounded that Mr. Scalfaro, «*o aa^hisw^end 
engagements, was about reorder 

r^ 8 . _ i >.ii a w, imJamimAl hv the oroosure of entrenched 

to consul* ifac 0* 

upper and lower houses, Gfovanni Spadofim andGiMpO 
b3ore he can dissolve PariiameaL Political cmnmentaKOT ex pect S o* 
day, March 27. as the fikdfest day for the dectim* Mast voter? aw 
expected to desert the. parties that ran Italy for 40 years. 

Sinn Fein Leader Seeks to Visit U.S. 

DUBLIN (NYT) —The leader of Sinn Fan, thepolittcai ann of the 
Irish Republican Army, renewed an ^h^atoonFnday foravisam 
»wTivH»aa ctotM- *)iot ibm demed bv President B21 Clinton two 

inmius a wi . , . 

The new appUcaikm. from Gerry Adams, which is expe cted to be 
referred to Kfr. Clinton in the next few days, was widely seenas an 
attempt to increase ^ recognition far Sun Fan as it de chto wbetha to 

■ .. .Mr. . - - - - — i&jhmh mwm viitw NfVlnCTTl ITHSM. 

S^toi Bc/Tht AtoOBMolPKai 

Armor of the UN Noixfic Battalkm m JPancevo, Sertm, waiting Friday for deployment by rafl to Ttaia, Bosnia, after a tbree-ooBth defay. 

France’s Top Communist Steps Down, Undaunted 

decision on the current jopplsc&tioxi is expeaed before next weet. wnen 
Mr. CHnlan returns to Washington ^from Europe. 

Tpp T j mnaker e BaA Move to Berlin 

BONN (AP) — Leaderaof padiament agreed Friday to abandon tigs 
Bhhm Riwerdty and move with the chancellor and las monsters to Bemn 
by tbe year 2000. Chancellor Helmut Kohl has already set that date as the 
deadline for tranafaring the cfaanceflw’s office and nmm tpes back to 
Berlin, the seat of power before the Germany's division afto - Wood War 
n. But Mr. Kohl cannot move the parliament without the lawmakers 

By Alan Riding 

Hew York Time* Service 

PARIS — During Georges Marchais's two decades as 
leader of the Co mmunis t Party here, support for his 
movement fell from 21.4 to 9 percent of the electorate. 
Then, as a final blow, the coQapse of the Soviet Union 
undermined the very ideology that he had long espoused. 

But as he prepares to retire as leader this month. Mr. 
March ais, 75, a former metalworker with trademark bushy 
eyebrows, says he sees no reason to apologize for being a 
Communist “I don’t view what has happened as a person- 
al failure,” he said. 

If French communism is not loo well today, he said, it is 
because his party formed a coalition that brought Fran- 
cois Mitterrand's Socialist Party to office in 1981. And 
when the Socialists turned to tbe right and betrayed thor 
common platform, be said, the Communists were also — 
unfairly — blamed. 

He is equally convinced by his own explanation of the 
de mise or the Soviet Union: h stagnated under Leonid L 
Brezhnev and ennobled under Mikhail S- Gorbachev 
because its leaders failed to engage the people. “I told 
them, ‘If you don’t change, you're heading for catastro- 
phe,’ ” he said. 

So his faith in the future remains intact “Have you ever 
known a moment when the crisis erf capitalism was deal- 
er?” he asked in an interview this week. “Socialism in tne 
East has faded, but capitalism is not the future. We must 
go toward a new society, and we believe it will be a 
Communist society.'’ 

In truth, the past erf the French Communist Party looks 
far rosier than its future. It led the fighi against fascism 

before World War H, it played a key role in the Resistance 
against Nazi occupiers, it was the single largest party in 
the late 1940s. and, in the early 1970s, Washington again 
worried that it could reach power. 

Today, it holds only 23 seats in tbe 577-member Nation- 
al Assembly and, with its once-powerfu! labor movement 
badly weakened and students no longer easy targets for 
recruiters, the party has been reduced to a bit player on a 
political stage dominated by conservatives, who won a 
stunning victory in parliamentary elections last year. 

France has changed, then. And even with 12 percent of 
the work force unanployed, tbe Communist Party has so 
far made few gains. Fra- many here; it is a throwback to an 
era that has gone forever. For many leftists, it has little 
hope of recovery as long as Mr. Marchais remains 
His retirement is therefore a watershed, an opportunity 
to renew the party, to open it up to other leftists, to make it 
relevant to the minkiM who are unhappy about die 
current situation, even perhaps to change its name. Or is 

Sitting at his desk in the glass-fronted party headquar- 
ters designed by Oscar Niemeyer, the Brazilian architect 
and Communist, the burly old boss did not sound ready to 
retire. “I will siDl be a member of the party,' " he said, “f am 
a deputy in the Assembly, and that’s an important part of 
my work as a Communist-" 

More to the point, he appears intent on holding onto 
much of his power. In a letter written from a hospital bed 
after a hip operation last September, be gave bis age and 
occasional health problems as his reasons for stepping 
down when the 2Sth party congress is held here this 

The party’s dissidents seem resigned to remaining side- 
lined. Charles Fhemtan, who served as a minister in the 
Socialist-led government from 1981 to 1984, has described 
the succession process as “quasi-monarchicaL” Amcet Le 
POTS, another fnrmer CoHUDilllist minist er, said Mr. M&T- 
rhflic was a men of “positive instincts and disastrous 

For the retiring secretary-general, though, the dissidents 

offer noisy proof that his leadership is democratic. “If we 
weren’t democratic, we would have thrown them out," be 
said. “Instead, they have high positions in the party. Since 
I took over, we have never expelled anyone.” 

Rather, he said, looking back over his long tenure; he 
believed his main achievement was to modernize the 
party. “Its gravest mistake was that for a long time it 
canadered the Soviet Union to be a model.” be add. 
“From 1972, when I took over, that’s what we questioned. 
The new society had to be bnSt on what France is. 

“When 1 joined the Communist Party in 1947, if I had 
known that Stalinism existed and what it was, 1 would 
never have signed up.” he said, overlooking the fact that 
by then Stalin bad already been in power for two decades, 
“mien I found out about Stalinism in 1956, 1 decided to 
stay on and fight for change. I have dote my bit to bring 
change, and I am proud of that” . ■ 

Although Communist parties in Italy and Spain 
changed their names to escape association with tbe Soviet 
debacle, Mr. Marchais refused to follow suit “It would be 
hypocrisy.” he said. “I see no reason to abandon the name 
of a Communist party that has played such an important 
role in our history.” 

During a meeting with Mr. Kohl, parliamentary leaders of the main 
parties said that Gennan/s 662 federal lawmakers would follow the 
chancellor’s plan for leaving Bonn. Mr. Kohl 'wants to starttiznrfemng 
ministries oat of Bonn by 1998 and bare than m place by 2000. Rudou 

possibly as many as eight. • 

The Finance Ministry says 20 billion Deu t sche marks (SI billion) 

wfl] be needed to construct new buildings in Bertin, renovate old ones and 
compensate Bonn for jobs lost due to the mov& The gove rnme nt hopes 
tbe transfer will make East Gomans fed better about ra m i fic a ti on, 
winch in the East has been fallowed by high unempfoyment and an 
increase in crime. 

Leakey Quits Kenya Wildlife Post 

NAIROBI (AP) —The paleontologist Richard Leakey submitted his 

■ toJj 1 -c iL. 1' QCUlihfianiuu tAMntMt gitml 

poation as director would be reviewed after an invi 
tions of corruption and mismanagement in the 1 

km into aUcga- 
e Service. The 
nr employment 

Mass March Is Still Planned in Paris Over Schools 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

PARIS — French state school- 
teachers, parents and Wtist parties 
predicted Friday that hundreds of 
thousands of protesters would 
march through Paris on Sunday de- 
spite tbe annulment of a disputed 
private shoots financing law. 

Organizers said the demonstra- 

tion, which is likely to be the big- 
gest since the center-right Prime 
Minister Edouard Ballariur took 
office last March, would take place 
as planned, to warn the govern- 
ment against any further attempt to 
divert public cash to church 

The authorities predict that 




a-m. Eucharist « 2nd & 4tfi Sun. Momma flHfc u IIMX* 1 CWdtonls 
Payer. 3 luedsMortfrouc. 1201 Genoa. S<* rfMtharrinusery.MaBteaihetoiBn ia ionJ 

Prayw. 3 roe da Montane 1201 Genoa Sw£ 


1 M5 am. SeytxXhstrasse 4. 81545 Mulch 90. 
Garay. Tel: 4889 61 1 55 2tt 


ajti Holy EucharM Rto 1 1030 am Chonl 
Eucharist ffie H; 1030 am Ouch Schod far 
chtoen 4 Nusay care pwWed; 1 pm Spani- 
sh Eucharist Via Napoi 58. 00184 Rome. 
TeL: 39B 488 3339 or 38/6 474 3589. 

ALL SAINTS' CHURCH. 1st Sin. 9 & 11:15 

gEsft. sa 1030; mvrtjj 1 105. Chdrfren's 
much and misery. Maate at the tatomaliond 
School, Leixhtalxnjer Kachweg 2.D-Ka>- 
mrawe rttL Friendy fefcw^qi Al aeng nna - 
tions welcome. Dr. WJ. Delay. Pastor. 
Tel: Q211MC0 157. 

Lourah Otari Befcywt Tel 32/239*3356. 


TERBURY. Sin 10 am Famty Eucharist 
Frankfurter Strassa 8 Wiesbaden. Germany. 
TeL: 4961 1303874. 




meete oi 1600. Bona Nova Baptist Church 
Cara de la Ciutat de BaBaguer 40 Pastor 
lance Baden, Ph. 41Q-1661. 





Or BONNKdLN. Rhehsu Strassa 3, KSh. 
Worship 1:00 p m. Calvin Hogue. Pastor. 
TaU (02236) 47021. 

Bbfc Study in Engfcfi 

Pafisady Bapdfl Church Zrinsteho 2 1630- 


gSsh language) meets at Evangefch-Fre**- 
itftfch Kreuzgemeinde. HohentoheslrasBe 
Kermam-Sose-Str. (around ta comer tram 
the Bahnfof) Sunday warship 17:00 Emert 
D. Woksr. passw. TeL 04791-1 ZB 77. 


Sharia Popa Rusu 22. 300 pm Carted BA 
Richardson. TeL 01091-61 . 


MamSional Baptist fisSwrafap. H Brnbo u. 56 
(main aea nc e Tapafcsaryi u. 7, Immecttelr 
bdhndlrarteearue). 1030 Btjie study. 600 
pm Pasta Bazbttkn TeL 1156118 


Scfe. Graid Nfflwta Saboae Square. Wor- 
ship 11:00. James Duke. Pastor. 
Tel: 704367. 


WndmUen Strassa 45. Cals 1300 Wo^jp. 
1400 B*fe Study, Pastor Wen Campbek Ph. 


SKVJ. BUe study & Wmhp Swday 1030 
am. Stodrrisson QfrEberstodt SuBatatatr. 
22. BUe study 93a worship 10:45. Pastor 
Jim Watts. TeL 061 556003216. 


&HP Evapgefesch-Fi^UrchAche Gemeinde, 
Sodeneutr. 1 MB, 6200 Bad Hontury, ytoo- 
ner. 06134-23278 a 06196643350 saving 
ta FrarMurt and Tauvrs areas. Germany. 
Sunday wash? 03:45. nasety +■ Sindav- 
schod IftOO. women's cide - Fntfay 0938 
Housemans - Sinday 4- Wetta&day 1930. 
Pastor M. Levey, member &«cpean Baptist 
Cqtwer ten. “Deciare Hs gkxy amengst ta 

CHURCH. Am Dathsberg 92. Ranldurt aM. 
Sinday worshp 1 1 30 am and 630 pm. Dr. 
Thomas W. m. pastor. TeL 089643S53. 


SAAL AM ISFELD 19. HamburgOstdort. 
Btris Study at 11304 Worships 1230 each 
Sinday. Tel: 040820616. 


TRMTY BAPTIST SS. 930. Worship 1038 
nursery, warm fellowship. Meets at 
Bloetncamplaan 54 in Wassenaar. 
Tel: 01 751-78024. 


Meeting HOO: KinoCwta- Bukfing 15 Dmz- 
DrmhinrUrovdaya UL 5lh Fbor, Hal 6. Metro 
Stafion Barrikainaya Padw Bad Storey Ph. 


MUNICH Hot&tr. 9 Engfch Language Ser- 
vices. Bite study 1830. Worship Service 
173a Pastor's phone; 6908534. 


des Bons-Raisirrs. Rueil-Matmatson. An 
&a^eic3l rrfmeh Ibrta Bigish s pea fc ng 
community located in toe western 
sububiSi 945: Worstop. 1045. Chfthns 
Church and Misery. Youti mnsaries Dr. B.C. 
Thomas, pastor. CaB 47.51^9.63 or 
47^19.1829 tor Mormatm 
630 pun. 123av. du Mane. Mo Gate. Near 
ta T<m Mcrtpamasse. The evenha serves 
of Emmanuel Baptist Church. Call 
47.81.2963 or 47.49.1539. 


WB ma U u i Ml Baptist retawehp meets a ta 
Czech Baptist Church Vmohradska * 63. 
Prague 3. Al me&o stop Jrttoz Podebad 
Sunday a.m. 11:00 Past or. Bab Ford 


Wemafional Baptsi Church E ng fch . Ger- 
man. Persian Worshp mX am. Setena. 
21, Wi^penai - EbedaU. Al d^tomrarens 
welcome. Hans-Dieter Fraund. pastor. 
TeL 02024698334. 


wadenSMi Rtrieh). Swrizedand, R o sanbetq- 
straase 4. Worship Services Sunday 
mornings 11 38 TeL 1-7002812. 

170,000 to 200,000 people win. 
march Sunday from tbe Place de la 
Republique to the Place de la Na- 
tion. Tbe procession is also expect- 
ed to cut across to the western part 
of the city, along the Grands Boule- 
vards, Boulevard Malesherbes and 
Avenue de YiDiers as far as the 
Porte de Champerret. 

BmtnMD— a—t (oei 2 S) 72100 . 
OBEVAOBM (022) 7741596. Ned mee- 
trgc23Jan. Bern 0 11. am. 
HnOEkSBtoc (06221) 7B-2001 or (0821) 

LOWXMfe (081) 891-0718 
MUNICH: (0821) <7-3486 
NETHEJBJJW& (U71) 14-0968. 
46 7307. 

PARK: (1) 42-77-96-77. 
ZWaCHfWBfTSrTHUR: (052) 2137338 
MFORMAT10K f49f (621J-SB-1718 


Oay ABee & P u t uia ner Sir. SS. 930 an, 
Wb^hp 1 1 am TeL 0388133021 . 


930 am an! Church 1045 am Kadotarg, 
19 (at the lm. SchooO. TeL: 673.05.81. 
Bus 95. Tram 94. 


27 Farvemade. Vartov. near RUros. Study 
10358 Wotshpl 130^ TdL 31 634785. 


ABee 54 (U-Bahn 5). Sunday School 930. 
worshp 11 am TeL (060) 599478 


EV. LUTHERAN CHURCH of Geneva. 20 
roe Verdame. Sunday worahp 930. in Ger- 
man 1130 hEngfsh. Tel: (022) 31058891 


AMERICAN CHURCH n London at 79 Tot- 
tenham CL FkL W l Wocshp at 9SXL SS at 
1800 am, wtxtfto el 1 1 am GoodgB 

Si Tube: TetOrt -5802791. 


UPDK KaL UL Ufcfa Pakne 8 bUg. 2. Wbr- 
shp9+11 am SS.TeL 1433662. 

All private cars wfll be kept from 
the area starting at 10 A-M. Son- 
day. The demonstration starts at 11 
A.M. and wiD aid in the afternoon. 

The ruling Thursday by the nine- 
member Constitutional Council 
was seen as the first major blow 
against the popular prime minister. 

“The demonstration Is more 
than ever necessary.” said Michel 
Deschamps, who heads tbe largest 
state teachers’ trade union. “The 
Constitutional Council has 
stopped a wonening in the state of 
pubuc education but has in no way 
solved its problems.” he told Radio 
I Luxembourg. 

About 2^00 buses and 100 trains 
have been hired to cany marchers 
to the capital, and the police will 
have more than 4,000 officers on 

“The protesters aim to demon- 
strate not only against tbe law pre- 
sented by Education Minister 
Francois Bayrou but also in de- 
fense of the state education sys- 
tem," said Jean-Paul Tripogncy of 

the National Committee for Lay 
Education which is coordinating 
the 80 organizations and political 
parties mHng part. 

“We do not believe the ruling 
wiD change anything.” 

Hie law, hustled through the leg- 
islature in the middle of the night 
last month, would have allowed un- 
limited spending by local authori- 
ties on the maintenance of private 
— mainly Raman Catholic — 
schools. Mr. BaDadnr said the aim 
had been to enable rundown 
schools to meet safety standards. 

But proponents of areolar state 
education, including President 
Francois Mitterrand, a Socialist, 
saw it as a bid to funnel already 
limited resources into private rath- 
er than public schools. 

The Constitutional Council 
ruled that tbe central article lifting 
a 140-year-old limit on local contri- 
butions to private school repairs 
failed to guarantee equality of 
treatment for public and private 
schools or among private schools. 

(Reuters, AP) 

Mr. Leakey said that he had -learned of the investigation from the 
minister's statement and that when be asked aboot the nature of the 
investigation, he^ was told it^ was node of his business. “I amforced to ask, 
therefore, whether this is a probe or a smear,” he said. 

India Outrage Over Police Tattooing 

AMRITSAR, India (AP) — The tetooing of tbe word “Jebkatri," 
which mranc “pickpocket,” on the foreheads of four women has sparked 
a national outcry over police brutality. 

Tbe wtXDen, m the northeru state of Punjab, say thor foreheads were 
tattooed by pdicemen to settie personal scores. The pdice say outraged 
dtizras branded the women after they picked someone's pocket 
Although h is sot unusual in rural India far petty criminals to be ■- 
punished by being paraded on the back of a donkey with thor faces 
blackened and wearing a garland of slippers, tins is the first time that 
criminal snspects have been tattooed. 

Bonn Admonishes Tehratt cm Rights 

BONN (Reuters) — Germany, widely criticized for imrintanring far 
closer trade mid diplomatic ties with Iran than most other Wes ton 
countries, taged Tehran on Friday to respect human rights, lift a death - 
edict an -the British author Salman Rushdie and pardon a German 
sentenced to death on chaiges of spying for Iraq. 

Foreign Minister Kims Kinkd jnade the deknands in a meeting in 
Bonn with Mohammed Javad Larijani, deputy chairman of the Iranian 

TMifijnn wit 1 * fniwim T ejatiOUl 

A ministry statement said Mr. Kin bet stressed to Mr. Larijani chat 
keeping, up a dialogue is important, but that this requires aD issues to be 
opaily and anrieraiy discusred, particularly human riritts. Germany has 
pursued a dialogue with ban at a time when most Weston nations are 
keeping Hat ^annY length. ,L 

StepsToward Mexico Peace Reported 

SAN CRISTOBAL DE LAS GASAS>, Mexico (Reuters) — Mexico's 
pte sktential pcace envoy, Manuel Camacho Solis, said Friday that there ‘ 
had been . ‘Important advances” in efforts to end a 14-day peasant 
rnirigng in the southern state of Chiapas, •rid' the Mexican Army said, 
fighting was dying out in ther^km. 

But Mr. Camaoio warned that the peace process could be a long one. ■ 

Tt -1 l ■ W— • SXrr 

GERMAN: Did Knife Victim Lie? TRAVEL UPDATE 

Combined from Page 1 

since the great increase in rightist 
crime that began shortly after Ger- 
man reunification in 1990. A simi- 
lar case in November 1992 involv- 
ing a teenaged giri with a swastika 
cut into her cheek proved to be a 

Public anger al the reported as- 
sault in HaDe, however, indicated a 
new sensitivity to crimes against 
the disabled and the homeless, 
which have been growing in num- 
ber, although rightist violence in 
general has d ecline d. 

According to federal govern- 
ment figures released this wsek, at 
tacky against tbe disabled and the 
homeless by rightists increased 
from 145 in 1992 to 324 last year. 

According to groups supporting 
rights for the disabled in Germany, 
about 80 of those attacks in the last 
two years were against the han th- 


BMC8ANA: (03) 3149151 
BRUSSELS: TeL (Og 6600228 

Amencan Lutheran Church, Rt awrag t 15 
Worship & Sunday School 10 a.m. 
TeL (02) 443884. 


1130 m 65. Old tfOsay, Parts 7. Bis S3 
al door. Mato Airo-Marcsau or torafcles. 


IMMANUEL CHURCH, Worship Christ n 
Swodoh. Engfish. or Korean. 11:00 ajn. 
Sunday. Birger Jarisg. at Kunqsiensg. 
17. 46 <08 1 15 12 ZS x 727 lor more 


worshgj bi Engfish 11 A0 AM., Sunday 
school nursery, hternadonal. al denonrfe- 
tos weixme. Doratheegsse 18 Vienna 1. 


ctoys 1130 am (SepL-May). 10 am (jire- 
Autf. Simday Sdnd 935 (SepFMayj UL 
Modma 21. TeL 4329-78 


Sngfeh speaking, wxtahp serttoa, Sunday 
School & Nursery. Sundays 11:30 ajn„ 
Sch a n z engasse25. TeL CT} 2 S 2>b 2 b . 

The assaults range from fitting 
on those in whedchaira to the al- 
leged stomping death of a nearly 
blind man in Siegen. a crime for 
which two skinheads are now on 

Overall however, the 1993 crime 
figures released by federal authori- 
ties this week provided some sup- 
port for assertions by Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl that tougher govern- 
mental action has checked the ris- 
ing spiral of political violence. 



for Won. Ufa and ae rt w it 

jgftgjcg fc rafanc* ♦ WofTmtU ff j 

(310) 471-0306 
FAX: (310) 471-6456 

Csler write tor wonofloQ 
or rad dtoita mtrat tar Fm Entadon 

Pacific Western University 
600 N SwiflvMi . Dept 23 
Los Anodes CA 90049 

Rightist attacks last year report- 
edly dropped by aeariy 30 percent 
to 1,814, compared to 2^584 in 

Tbe dedine also extended to at- 
tacks against Jews, which dropped 
to 46 from 63 tbe previous year, 
authorities said. 

■ 11 Hart in Arson Attack 

The police said a predawn arson 

attack wounded 11 foreigners at an 
asylum shelter on Friday and may 
lave been set by rightist radicals. 
The Associated Press reported 
from Ludwigshafen, Germany. 

A 34-year-old Ludwigshafen 
man was arrested, and the police 
woe looking into any connections 
with the radical right. 

About 30 asylum-sedEos five in 
the two-story structure, a police 
spokesman said. The fire was set in 
a ground-floor corridor with trash 
as tinder. Damage was minimal, 
but three people were hospitalized. 
Eight others were treated at the 
scene for smoke inhalation. 

Ludwigshafen is about 80 kilo- 
meters (50 miles} southwest of 

■ r Laserman’ Is Sentenced 

A Swede called tbe “Lasennan” 

because of the high-tech gnu sight 
used in attacks on immig rants was 
senten c ed to life imprisonment on 
Friday, Reuters reported from 

Stockholm's district court had 
tried the man, John Aoscnms, 40, 
for one murder and nine attempted 
murders. The victims, shot in 1991 
and 1992 in Stockholm and Uppsa- 
la, were iraraigrams from the Mid- 
dle East, Africa or Latin America. 

He was found guilty of murder- 
ing an Iranian student, J immy 
Ranjbar, as he walked in a Stock- 
holm street, of two attempted mur- 
ders involving a rifle, and of six 
other attempts with a pistol. 

Hi Alto Resume Flights to Sweden 

STOCKHOLM (Reuters) — EL Al will resume flight* to Stockholm's 
Arianda airport next month after a four-year break over Sweden’s refusal 
to let the Israeli airline cany armed guards,. Sweden has since dropped its 
objections. - • ... 

An El Al spokesman in Stockholm said Friday that the first -flight 
would be Feb. 16. He said El Al planned two flight* a week between 
Stockholm and Td Aviv. During a visit to Swedeaby the Israeli feresgn 
minister, Shimon Feres, in August Sweden agreed to amend a law so to 
allow people responsible for the safety of others to cany weapons aboard 
airliners landing in Sweden. 

British Rail, short of cash and resigned to running swift new French 
trains on old trade once the Channel Tunnel optmsTsald Friday that it had 
noplans to remove a crossing Mar Ashford in Kent, so the hi-tech trains 
will have to slow down to around 60 miles (97 kilometers) an hour. 

Ainf ^ s 7 ® ** fcs %*i*y-Saa Fkaacfecn^ nonstop Service, but 
add fngfacs on the Los Angeles route, beginning March 27. ( Bloomberg) 
Si^aporeAfafoies wffl begin sorke to C ap i itoJ ii D Tfai.I nfctowitPto h nr gtm 
a weekly basis, starting March 25. . . (API 

Relieved Sigh From Sydney 
As Fires Come Under Control 


“We’ve Won," newspaper posters screamed in foe-ravaged Syd- 

hnSS^S 5 t !^ on f nem foe fighters Who had been flown, 
timed and tiudred into the state of New South Wales to battle more 

over Mazes in thelast^ two weeks will be sent home 

“I cm ayfoewwstis over," Phil Koperbere, commander of the 
Fri ^y- ‘Tnecritical threat to commfl- 

*■? 8131 honied across the slate, all woe in 
^ w 11110 *- Coder tenmera- 

“j? ' Mnd5 smee Wednesday allowed fire Gghtento 

iof fad, 

150 mfllion Australian doSars ($104 mfllioD) iff damage. 

hnpriom par Offprint, 73 rue tfe i’Svangi/e, 750 IS Paris. 


*i " Jti $s$* ?% 

gs ; yf s-.AV?S "* 

l\ S&: '<f/* 

+ POLITICAL > ////> * 


Moynihan Not Sparing the Rodon White House 

sJ. -*■ ... . ,i indoerf that there were no hard ft 

Janet fano began 
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Afefc> Y<*£ Tana Senior 
-WALTHAM, Massachusetts — 
Twb fonnerpupik have returned to 
T ffie- Fetnald School for retarded 
u. riiarirai here and testified to a.U-S. _ 
Senate committee about radiation 
experiments performed on therein 
the 1940s and 1950s by researchers 
.who told them that they were join- 
ing a sdrawe dnb. 

The hearing was the first of the . 
Senate CoraxmUee on Labor and ■ 
'Homan Resources in its investiga- 
tion of human radiation erom- j 
menu conducted after World War 
IL-Tfce chairman, SenatorTEdward 
M. Kennedy, Democrat of Mass®- 
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of human subjects.” ' . ■ " | 

Officials from the Department 
of Eaerty, the. Department of De- 
feast, ' National Institutes of 

Health and the Veterans Adunnis- 
tratiotitold the committee Thurs- 
day that to the best of their knowl- 
ediw there are no experiments now 
bang done at that agencies that do 
not meet federal guidelines far the 
protection of human subjects. 

But a doctor who bdped write 

J the cunent guidelines said ft would 

be diffic ult to know what .experi- 
ments ore being conducted without 
a national board toseethatgmde* 
ImesaremeL - 

Guidelines that have been adopt- 
ed over the last three decades re- 
quire scientists , to seek the in- 
formed-consent of their subjects 
and to tell than about the possible 
risks involved. 

Charles L. Dyer, one of the for- 
mer pupfls at Femald, a state 

sdipol, said that he was nCTfftold 

that radiation; was involved. “They 
said it would benefit us by taking 
vitamins and stuff, I remember 
- that,” said Mr. Dyer, now 53. “It 

was a chance for us to ret off the 
grounds. Thtiy look us places, here 

and there, and jbey said th^ were 

By Richard L. Berke 

New Vorit Tma Service 

WASHINGTON — When President 
BUI Clinton stepped up w the leciwn at a 
fund-raising reception for Senator Daniel 
Patrick Moynihan at the Waldon-Asiom 
Hotel in New York last month, hejoke^: 

“Before I met Pat Moynihan, I acmally 
thought I knew something aboul govern- 
ment Now r just fed like I'm getting a 
grade every time I talk in front of him. 

Unfortunately for Mr. Clinton, his lat- 
est grades from the prof essOT-tumed-senar 

toe have been well below average — so 
lackluster »h«i the New York Democrat 
has made a public example of his student 
several times in recent days. 

In the senator's latest critique, one that 
the president heard half a wodd away m 
Brnssds this week, Mr. Moynihan called 
for an independent counsel to investigate 
the Clintons’ role in a failed A rkans a s real 
estate venture. 

That remark, on a national television 
news program Sunday, is only the latest. 
The same day, Mr. Moyrnhan did nothing 
for the Clinton health-care package by 
d*H»ring that “we don[t have a health- 
care crisis in America.” 

And on welfare, Mr. Clinton's other 
major domestic initiative. Mr. Moynihan 
told The New York Post last week that the 
president was not serious about reform 
grid was »gng the issue as “boob bait for 
the Bubbas." , . , - 

Re lishing his new role as a legislative 
gatekeeper, he also threatened that if the 
WhiteHouse did nor make good on its 
promises on welfare, “I just might hold 
health care hostage.” 

Although Mr- Moynihan has never 
shied away from speaking his often unpre- 
dictable mind, his seemingly off-hand ut- 
terances have taken on a new weight in the 
Clinton era. 

The president picked Lloyd Bentsen of 
Texas to be his Treasury secretary, making 
way for Mr. Moynihan to ascend to the 
chairmanship of (be Senate Finance Com- 
mittee. And in that post, Moynihan. al- 
ways one of the giant intellects on Capitol 
Hill is now cue of the giant powers there. 

Mr. Moynihan, who said he was moti- 
vated only by his pursuit of sound poh^ 
and a desire to look after constituents, said 
it was in his nature to give straight an- 
swers. „ , 

Recalling the circumstances Sunday 
when he was asked on television whether 

be would support an independent counsel 
on the Whitewater matter, be said: 

“I’m sitting on ‘Meet the Press.’ Li»a 
Myers turns to you. You don’t bumble and 
sav. ‘1 haven't" thought about that.' " 

Scoffing al the notion that there was 
tension with the White House, Mr. Moym- 
han said that he “couldn’t ask for a warm- 
ex relationship” with Mr. Climon. 

“There’s an advise and consent sort of 
relationship.* he said. “I’m surprised they 
are as attentive as they are.* 

As Mr. Clinton is learning, even the 
most remarks the kind that could 
be dismissed before the senator assumed 
such influence — can threaten to steer the 
president's proposals off course. 

Yet White House officials find they can 
do little but simmer in private, fearing that 
if they strike; Mr. Moynihan will only 

“There's not much you can do about iL. 
said one of several senior White House 
officials who complained in private but 
refused to attach their names to anything 
remotely critical of the senator. “He’s in 
charge of a lot of things we hope to accom- 
plish” „ _ . 

Maybe that is why George Stephano- 
poulos. a senior adviser to the president 

LnsiMed that there were no hard feelings 
between Mr. Clinton and the senator. “I 
don’t think that in any of these cases the 

senator intended to do the president any 
harm," he said. “As far as some of the 
public comments, i think the senator s a 
brilliant man who is often misunder- 

One reason While House officials are so 
sensitive is that the Clin ton- M oy n i ban re- 
lationship got off to a sour start when an 
anonymous administration official told 
Time magazine a year ago/^WeU roll right 
over him if we have to." 

The comment infuriated the senator — 
who had publicly complained that the 
president and his top aides had not sought 
his counsel in the early days of the admin- 
istration — and left Mr. Clinton rushing to 
mend fences. 

They were at peace for much of the year, 
with the president crediting Mr. Moym- 
han for shepherding his budget pwn 
through Congress. But some of his old 
qualms have apparently resurfaced. 

“1 don't think the administration has 
shown die kind of deference they need to 
here.” said Brian Lunde, a Democrauc 
political strategist. 

How Haitian Is Getting By 

Aristide, Hoping to Return, Has Access to $30 Million 

By John M. Goshk 

'Washingm Post Service 

WASHINGTON — After the 
Revoeod Jean-Bertrand Aristide 
was existed s pres dent of Haiti ina 
September 1991 coup, Michael D. 
Barnes, a former Democratic 
House member from Washington s 
Maryland suburbs,, offered to act as 
hjs legal adviser without charge. 

“I thought my services would be 
needed for two or three weeks at 
the most,” recalled Mr. Barnes, a 
former chairman of the House sub- 

HI»hM TTrniicnhlW 

us. We woe young kids, and they 
took advantage of us.” 

• Mr. Dyer and the other former 
Fermid pupil wbo^ testified. Austin 
LaRocque, were part of a group iOf 
boys at the school who were tea 

- — — mmuie doses of radioactive mmer- 

1 • ' - v alsbvsrienMtsfnnBFIamrdUm- 

vctsrty and the Massachusetts In- 
smote of Technology- 

* The ejbjdrimbrts Were designed 
tosceH duamcais useambreakf ast 
cereal prevented the body fromao- 
sbrbmg'iroa and calcium. They 

were sponsored by the Quaker Oats 

Co„ the National Institutes a 
Health, and the Atbmfc Energy 
Commission, accordingto J. Davia 
Ulster, MTT dean far research. 

A consent form that the Femald 
School sent to parents in 1949 
aade no mention of radiation. 

Mr. linaer and Dr.-A. Bertran 

affairs. “After all. President Bush 
and Secretary of State Baker were 
vowing that the action of the Hai- 
tian military would not be allowed 

to stand and that Aristide would be 

speedily returned to office.” 

Now, more than two years later. 
Mr. Barnes’s status has evolved 
from unpaid adviser to de fw*o 
foreign minister for Mr. Aristides 
government in exile. Mr. Aristide 
pays the high-powered law firm of 
Hogan & Hartson, where Mr. 
Barnes is a partner, a hefty fee of 
about $55,000 a month. 

The fees that go to Mr. Barnes 
and to Ira Ktuzban, a Miami law- 
yer who has been geoeral counsel to 
Haiti since before Mr. Aristide was 
overthrown, . are . the, most : eye- 
catching part -of, .the substantial 
sums that Mr. Aristide’s govern- 
ment in exile has paid in hopes or 
restoring him to the presidency. 

ItK. Aristide has not lacked fori 
cash to pay for these services. 
While the Treasury Department 
froze Haitian funds on deposit in 
this country after the coop, Mr. 
Aristide has access to the money 

European and Latin American cap- 
itals and such other influential 
countries as Canada and Japan. 

Mr. Barnes Said that although his 
fees might seem steep, they were 
actually a specialty negotiated fee 
that was only half of what Hogan & 
Hartson charges its regular corpo- 
rate clients for similar time and 
services. Mr. Barnes himself spends 
50 to60 hours a week advising and 
n ryttiaring for Mr. Aristide, and he 
said that during most weeks he re- 
quired the aid of 10 to a dozen of 
the firm's other lawyers. 

Much of Mr. Barnes’s time is 
spent in earing the tensions that 
frequently have troubled relations 
between Mr. Aristide and the ad- 
ministration. Last summer, he per- 
suaded an initially reluctant Aris- 
tide to accept a U.S.-backed 
compromise agreement that was 
supposed to restore him to power. 
After the Haitian military reneged 

on the deal, Mr- Aristide balked at 

UA efforts to get him to accept 
further compromises, and Mr. 
Barnes spent the last month work- 
ing overtime to prevent the result- 
ing antagonisms from leading to a 
major rupture. 

the ex plana tions about now tne 
money is spent has not stopped 

many American conservatives, who 
oppose President Bill Clinton’s 
support of Mr. Aristide, from 
charging that the exiled president is 
sq an dering money for his own ends 
while people in his Caribbean 
homeland live in poverty aggravat- 
ed by the painful economic sanc- 
tions imposed by the United Na- 

Mr. Aristide is not required to 1 
account in detail for what he 
spends, but Mr. Barnes and other 
supporters deny the implication 
that he is living in hnnay while 
ordinary Haitians are prey to hun- 
ger and Alness. The truth, they say, 
u that Mr. Aristide, an ordained 
but inactive Salesian priest, leads a 
life of almost monkish asceticism. 

During most of his time here, he 
lived in a modest one-bedroom 
apartment in Georgetown. Recent- 
ly, at the urging of the Secret Ser- 
wce who feared there was insuffi- 
cient security at the Georgetown 

address, he moved to a similar one- 

bedroom apartment in downtown 
Washington. Beyond his day-to- 
day living eaqjenses, his friends say. 
the only money be spends on him- 
self is for travel related to his cam- 
paign to regain the presidency. 


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Mr. Ktuzban estimated those 
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"" Satellite Exports: Battle Lines Drawn After U.S. Signal to China 

By Michael Richardson 

IntemahanaJ Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — By easing a ban on export of 
conununicatioD satellites to be launched by China, 
i he United States has signaled to Beijing that it 
wants to resolve a major point of contention in 
relations between the two countries, analysts said 

American companies that manufacture the sat- 
ellites and U.S. broadcasters that plan to use them 
to beam television programs to Asa. Australia and 
parts of the Middle East and Europe are lobbying 
for a complete end to the bait. 

But critics said such a wove would reward 
Chinese government and military agencies that 
were implicated by U.S. intelligence in the sale of 
sensitive missile technology to Pakistan last year 
and in earlier sales to the Middle East. 

U.S. officials said that before the satellites were 
fully cleared for export. China will have to provide 
assurances that it will strictly adhere to the Missile 
Technology Control Regime. The regime is an 
international agreement to prevent the spread of 
ballistic missiles that can cany nuclear warheads 
and other weapons of mass destruction. 

The U.S. undersecretary of state for interna Lion- 

In August, (he United States banned high tech- 
nology exports to China after conduding that die 
Chinese military bad sold M-l 1 missile pans to 
Pakistan. Beijing denied making the sale. 

Following an extensive interagency review, the 
Chnton administration announced on Jan. 6 that 
commercial satellites under the jurisdiction of the 
U.S. Commerce Department were not covered by 
the sanctions and that export licenses for them 
could be approved- 

Satellite company executives said that three 
U.S.-made satellites were affected by the decision. 
Two are being built by Martin Marietta Astro 
Space and one by Hughes Space and Communica- 

Of these satellites, the two most important for 
China and for satellite communications and televi- 
sion broadcasting in the Asia- Pacific region are 

AsiaSat 2 and APSTAR 2. 

Winnie Pang, corporate affairs manager for 
Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. of Hons 
Kong, which owns AsiaSat 2. said a license had 
been granted by the UJS. Commerce Department 

a for 

into Europe, the former Soviet republics and Aus- 

Asia Satellite is owned by Cable and Wireless 
PLC of Britain, Hutchison Whampoa Ltd. of 
Hong Kong, and China International Trust and 
Investment Corp„ an overseas investment arm of 
the Chinese government. 

However, some analysts said that APSTAR 2 ~ 
wfrich would enable TV broadcasters to reach two- 
thirds of the world's population — may have 
difficulty getting final U.S. export approval be- 
cause the company that ordered it from Hughes at 
a cost of about SI 50 million is partly controlled by 
the Chinese military. 

The company, AFT Satellite Co. of Hong Kong, 
alders. But Western ofn- 

has seven listed shareholders. 

rials said that AFT Satellite was controlled by the 

k China 

allowing the spacecraft to be exported to 
its scheduled launchin g early in 1995. 

a I security affairs. Lynn uavis, wffl hold talks on 
the missue-proliferatkm issue in Washington be- 

ginning Jan. 26 with C hina’ s deputy foreign minis- 
ter, Liu HuaquL 

The company used China to launch the first 
privately owned pan-Asian communications satel- 
lite, AsiaSat 1, in 1990. AsiaSat 2 will provide 
television broadcasters with even more extensive 
coverage extending from Asia and the Middle East 

three mainland majority shareholders; 

Yuan Wang Group, an arm of the Chinese mili- 
tary’s Commission of Science, Technology and 
Industry for National Defense; Ever- Victory Sys- 
tem Co, an agency of the Ministry of Aerospace 
Industry; and China Telecommunications Broad- 
cast Satellite Corp., which belongs to the Ministry 
of Posts and Telecommunications. 

A public notice issued by the U.S. State Depart- 
ment when the missile proliferation sanctions were 
announced in August specifically implicated Chi- 
na's Ministry of Aerospace Industry, and said that 

other Chinese military and aerospace agencies 
were also involved in proliferation activities. ■ 

Richard Doit, a spokesman for Hughes, said 
that although APSTTAR 2 bad been cleared for 
export by the UR Commerce Dept, the UR-. 
made kuimotor rocket that is attached to the 
satellite was still covered by sanctions. 

The feckmotor enable the satellite to reach its 
correct orbital position after being put Into space. 

' Mr. Dori said that unless the Stale De partme nt 
lifted the ban, Hughes would have to try to get a 
kfckmotor from a non-U R supplier to meet its 
contractual obligations to AFT Satellite. 

Such a move, however, might delay the lanndt- 
ing of the APSTAR-2. The president of AFT 
Satellite, He Kerang, said recently had been 
moved up to December because all channels on 
the company’s first spacecraft, APSTAR 1, had 
been ‘'sold out*' wefl in advance of its scheduled 

Murdoch's News Corp.. uses AsiaSat 1 for hs 
Asian TV service. News 

is expected to 
extend its broadcast -range and provide back-up 
rimnn ris by rising A«aaSat 2 as wdL : 

■ Abootthe time of News Cork's takeover erf. Star 
TV, -five rival international broadcasters an- 
nounced tint they would lease nine channels on 

The five were Turner Broadcasting System, of 
the "United States, the parent of CNN tefcvisran; 
ESPN sports television; Home Box Office Asia 

‘ • ■ ■ ■ L TTma Wrtmhr ivrtfl ‘ 

Is Wary 
On Vote 

launching in May. ' 

Mr. Dote said that APSTAR 1, which is also 

Paramount Communications, both of the United 
States; Discovery Communications ed uc a tion al 
TV, of the United States; and Television Broad- 
casts Ud., of Hong Kong, the region's leading 
Chinese TV hroadcastg. i- '' 

„ In December, those five and two other leading. 
American multimedia companies said they had 

confident Friday of winning ap- 
proval of Iris plan to overfaanJJa- 

b dng built by Hughes, was not affected by sanc- 
tions because an export license had been approved 
by the UR government before the penalties were 
put in place by Washington in August. 

The fate of APSTAR 2 taa matter of intense 
commercial as well diplomatic interest because the 
AsiaSat and APSTAR satellites are being used by 
rival international broadcasters. 

Star TV, which was taken over in July by Rupert 

agreed to lease 16 channels on APSTAR 2. 

Some American critics of Grinasay the Qraion 
administration should block the export of aKUR- 
made satellites to that country for strategic rea- 
sons. - r 


pan's corrupt pommai system. 
Me mb ers of his governing- coafi- 

- “There is no rivihan launch 
there’s only &e military, "said' 
a former chief Republican coonsd with the Senate 
Committee on Foreign Relations in Washington. 

Bhutto Is f Pained’ 
By Family Feud on 
Brother’s Future 

By Henry Kamm 

New York Tunes Service 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto says 
she is “deeply pained" by the feud that has racked Pakistan's leading 
political family, but she rejects her mother’s demand to be restored 
to the leadership of the governing party. 

In a bitter response to a series of angry assertions from Nusrat 
Bhutto, her mother, the prime minister said: “1 do feel she says it to 
damage me and pave the way for the son that she feels should be, in 
her own words, the heir.*' 

Miss Bhutto accused the family matriarch, the widow of Zulfikar 
Ali Bhutto, who was prime minister and president of acting out of 
ancestral maternal favoritism for a son over a daughter. 

Recounting her own history of struggle, imprisonment and illness 
after the han g in g of her father by General Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, 
the military dictator who ousted him in 1977, Miss Bhutto said: 
“Through all this, I hoped the day would never come when I would 
have to battle male prejudice in my own family- It was a cruel stab in 
my heart when my mother declared that the male should inherit/ 

She added, “Since 1981, 1 ran the party, and 1 ran the snuggle." 

e had been 

Several times in an interview here she emphasized that she had 
the sole member of the family who remained in Pakistan to brave 
persecution and revive the Pakistan People's Party that her father 

In a sharp aside against Mir Murtaza Bhutto, the brother whose 
return to Pakistan in November after 16 years of political exile 

persecution for the “ann^^uggle” movement that Se founded. 

Mr. Bhutto has been in prison since his arrival, facing trial on 
sedition and terrorism charg e* filed by the Zia government and 
civilian successors. 

The prime minister said her mother had been ousted from the 
party leadership because of her insistence that Mr. Bhutto, who was 
then still in Syria, run in more than 20 constituencies as an anti- 
organization candidate in the election campaign last October. Multi- 
ple and absentee candidacies are legal in Pakistan. 

Miss Bhuttosaid she had feared that if her brother won many seats 
as a party insurgent, he might have reduced the number of members 
loyal to her, costing her the prime minister’s post. 

In the end, Mr. Bhutto won in only one race, for the provincial 
legislature of Sind, the ancestral home of the Bhuttos, who are 
wealthy landowners. He is treed from prison whenever the assembly 

“God was kind to us," Miss Bhutto said of the victory that 
returned her to the prime ministership, from which she had been 
removed in 1990. “The people of Pakistan stood by us." 

“I begged my mother, members of the PPP begged my mother, 
because she really had os by our throats then," Miss Bhutto said 
“We begged ben ‘Don't do this. Don’t do this. We can lose the 
elections. There will be no democracy and no hope of democracy.’ " 

The prime minister continued, mocking her mother's voice and 
accent: “And she said: ‘Yes, if he wins, you don’t win Sind. And if 
you don’t win Sind, you don't win the center. So if you want to win, 
make my son the chief minister of Sind.* " 

“I will not succumb to emotional blackmail." Miss Bhutto said she 
had responded. 

Miss Bhutto said fear of “male prgudice" had prompted her 
marriage. “Because once my father died,” she said, “I knew the day 
would come when, like all feudal families, they’d lock up the 
daughter so that the son takes over." 

In a traditional arranged marriage, she became the wife of Arif Ali 
Zardari in 1987. They have three children. 

WORK AS USUAL — A municipal worker trimming grass as a South African sokfier guided a roadblocked entrance to SonetDw 

ANC Vows to Even f . Distorted 9 Wealth Picture 

JOHANNESBURG (AP) — The African 
National Congress vowed Friday to redistrib- 
ute 30 percent of farmland and consider na- 
tionalizing some industries to spread wealth 
more evenly. 

“Our income distribution is racially dis- 

torted and ranks as one of ibe most unequal 
in the world — lavish wealth and abject 
poverty characterize our society," the ANC 
said in its Reconstruction and Development 
Program, which was released at a news con- 

The economic policy document, expected 
to be ratified by -the ANC feadcnhip this 
month, was drafted with the hdp of ajd, labor 

and research groups and will play a major 

s first 

role in the campaign far the country's 
multiracial election April 27.. 


Blow to North? 

. Continued from Page 1 

particularity s ensi tive to North Ko- 
rea’s missde project since last May, 
when theNorth tested a new, medi- 
um-range missile capable of hitting 
Osaka and other parts of western' 
Japan. In the test, tire nnssfle, be- 
lieved to be anew model called the 
Rodong L landed in the Sea of 
Japan near the Noto Panin sate. 

So far. the Jtyjanese investiga- 
tion appears focused an twocoro- 
panies: Anrirsu Coqx, a mid -sized 
maker of communication equip- 
ment, and Yokohama Machinery 
Trading Company, a small compa- 
ny that appears to do a lot of busi- 
ness with Pyongyang. 

At a news conference at their 
Tokyo headquarters, officials of 
Anntsu acknowledged shipping 
same of the equipment, bat said 
they had. been led to believe it was 
headed to acompaqy in Gpna. The 
officials dodutiod to identify the 
companies it dealt with, however, 
and were reluctant even to describe 
the capabilities of the equipment. 
At Yokohama Machinery, some- 

as soon as a reporter k 


6 Killed as Israeli-PLO Violence Flares 

By David Hoffman 

Washington Post Service 

JERUSALEM — Five Palestin- 
ians and an Israeli were killed Fri- 
day in outbreaks of violence in the 
West Bank town of Hebron and 
near the checkpoint leading to the 
Gaza Strip. 

The separate attacks marked the 
deadliest day of Israeli- P a l es t i n ian 
conflict since the signing of the 
peace accord four months ago. 

In Hebron, the Israeli Anny laid 
siege to an abandoned bouse near 
the Islamic College where it said 
four armed Palestinians were hid- 
ing. The army said three of the four 
were prison escapees belonging to 
the militant Islamic group Hamas. 

After a soldier on patrol was shot 
in the leg late Thursday, the Pales- 
tinians and Israeli soldiers ex- 
changed fire intermittently 
throughout the night as flares illu- 
minated the sky. 

Early Friday, the army opened 
fire on the structure with ami-tank 
weapons and soldiers threw explo- 
sives inside. Two Palestinians were 
gunned down as they left the bund- 
ing, and two others apparently died 
from the explosions inside. Israeli 
radio said soldiers discovered gre- 
nades and a machine gun amid the 

in the Gaza attack, a Palestinian 
armed whh a knife went to the 
industrial area at the Erez check- 



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lint leading to the Gaza Strip, 
oussef Ahmed Isten, a 2 1 -year- 
old from Gaza's Rimal quarter, 
stabbed an Israeli civilian and then 
stole his gun, according to the Is- 
raeli mflitaty. The dvifian was hos- 
pitalized with moderate wounds. 

Mr. Isleem then fired on another 
Israeli, Gregory Fayzi, 37, a recent 
immigrant from the former Soviet 
Union who lived in Ashkdon. Mr. 
Fayzi was killed instantly. 

Israelis from the militaxy govern- 
ment emerged from a nearby office 
and opened fire on the Palestinian, 
killing him. 

Palestinians said Hamas an- 
nounced an the loudspeakers in 
Gaza mosques that the attacker 
was a member of Hamas who car- 
ried out the assault in revenge for 
Israeli killing s of Palestinians. 

Hamas also took responsibility 
in a leaflet for an ambush late 
Thursday near Hebron that 
wounded three Israeli soldiers in a 

The attacks came as talks be- 
tween Israel and the Palestine Lib- 

eration Organization have dragged 
on, four weeks beyond the planned 
Dea 13 start of Israel’s military 
pullout from the Gaza Strip and 
the West Bank town of Jericho. 
Fifty-three Palestinians and 24 Is- 
raelis have died in violence since 
the peace accord was signed. 

A poll of 1,622 Palestinians pub- 
lished tins week showed that sup- 
port for the agreement continues to 
ebb, although it has not ooflapsed 
altogether among Palestinians. 

n1*t**fr that the 

have helped North 
the ground-to-ground 
nffirraU said that they doubted it 
The equipment involved, the For- 
eign Ministry said in what ap- 
peared to be an effort to reduce 
amriefy, was' better stated to iefin- 
ing the trading systems of ground- 
to-air missffER North- Korea -has 
. those ihlhufte supplytjthe U-S. De- 
fense Intelligence Agency, in a re- 
port published in 1991, said, that 
the North has deployed Soviet-stm- 
plied UAr-2/ SA-3 and SA-5 nns- 
sfles,.. ’ . - : ' 

The raids stirred memories of 
one of Japan’s most embarrassing 
im fff n a ti o nal- incident^ the To- 
shiba scandal iu 1987.^ Toshiba Mft- 
dnne Col was convicted of setting 
machine tools to the former Soviet 
Union that enabled its navy to 
build quieter submarines and drips. 
Toshiba Corp„ tire parent, denied 
any involvenieiit, but the United 
Statesrimposed trade sanctums, ' 


Yakuza ls Cut 

In September, a similar survey 
wnd 69 

found 69 percent of those ques- 
tioned supported the agreement, 
and 28 percent opposed it Now, 
according to the survey by the Jeru- 
salem Media and Communications 
Center, 43 percent support the ac- 
cord and 40 percent oppose U. 

The poll also showed a majority 
of Palestinians favor the demwwk 
for reform within the FLO, and a 
third of those questioned said they 
are worried that the PLO win “ex- 
ercise authority in a bad way" 
when Palestinian self-rule begins. 

. Confirmed from Page 1 
crease publia disgast with gang- 

Under newanthcritym the 1992 
law, the police have shot down 
many yakuza operations. The na- 

tional police agency said the num- 
m- yalci 

BOGs A 'Magic Word 9 on Golan? 

Continued from Page 1 
Assad “keeps the cards very dose 
to his chesr and that although the 
meeting with Mr. din ton is “an 
opportunity, it is not yet progress." 

There are also questions about 
how fast Prime Minister Yitzhak 
Rabin wants to go. Months ago, he 
had asked for a delay with Syria so 
be could focus on the PLO. Given 
continuing headaches in the Pales- 

tinian negotiations, be may feel be 
has more than enough on his plate 

Besides, opinion polls suggest 

that I&aelis overwhelmingly cg- 

a foil withdrawal from 
Heights. Marry of them are 
convinced that the main reason for 
years of quiet along the Syrian bor- 
der is that fact that their tanks 

bor-of yakhza members had 
dropped from about 80,000 to 
abort 50,000 since tire law took - 
effect The local gang offices, with 
members who proudly wore lapel 
pins arid passed oat business cards 
prodanmng their affiliation, are 
folding or gong into hkting. . 

The classic yakuza type — a 
tough-talking hood with a crew cut, 
lavish body tattoos and often, one 
finger cot off — is still a menacing, 
figure far tire Japanese. Bat with 
the legal crackdown, the mobsters 
have been less visible in daily life. 

And now they are due to disap- 
pear from the stiver screen as waL 
Japan's two other major Ghn stu- 
dios, Tobo and iSbodnku, gave upt 

command the plateau, 65 kflome- 
ters (40 miles) from Damascus. 

MBS tat 


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and ksc boiwmwh ■ Owoe cab & <& 


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eowfawwJ Opal WOrydov gd mrinrdi, 
7V id* SOtmoquc if [11 47.054975 
Near Tmind. 

yaknza film to be released tins 
June, “The Man Who Did In the 
Don,” will be its last. 

But if the gang st er s have gone 
bad a i lbs box. office, their womao. 
are still boffa 

Toe's current series "Goicudo no 
Tsamaladri," or “Wives of the Ul- 
tra-Bad,” has been one of the few 
-domestic movie concepts m score 
' weD in recent years. Long on melo- 
drama and short on mayhem, the 
mories have hit it vnth their sad 
tales of gang molls who must ait 

men will return in oce piece. 

In Train Bombings 

- BOMBAY —Indian 
arrested 12 Mnshms cm bnaay, one 
of them a Bombay physknaawbom 
paSee described as their leader, on 
charges of carrying out a. series of 
tram bontirings in: ibe last year that 
kflkd more man 25 passengers. 

Most recently, a series of bomb- 
ing wrecked trans-India . luxury 
trains, killing one person and 
wmmdrn g Seva's! on the first anm- 
versary Dec. 6 of the destroction ttf 
the AyotBiya nxwqneby a Hmdu 
mob. "i. . * 

He said his team would try to 

China and U.S. 
Set Paris Talks 
On Kej Issues 


BEIJING — China said Fri- 
day that Foreign Minister 
Qiari'Qchen would meet with 
Secretary of Stale Warren M. 
Ottistqrfter in Paris Jam 24 
for talks expected to center an 
trade and human-rights issues. 

The official Xinhua press 
agency quoted a Foreign Min- 
istry statement as saying the 
meeting was set “in accor- 
dance with an agreement 
readied between fjimn and 
Ae UJS.” but did not say what 
would be on tiie agenda. 

A senior American official 
traveling with President Bill 
Clinton said in Moscow on 
Thursday that Mr. Christo- 
pher was likely to warn China 
it most improve its bmnan- 
rights record if it wanted to 
wm renewal of its Most Fa- 
vored Nation trade status. 

Mr. Qinton must deride by 
June whether to renew China's 

trade status. He said last year 
that' he would do so only if 
Bening improved its bnman- 
rignts practices. If that status 
is removed, average duties on 
Chinese exports to the United 
Stales woold rise to 40 percent 
from 8 percent. 

The planned trip comes 
amid growing concern in 
Washington that China has' 
made little, if any, progress on 
hum an rights in tire last year. 

A Chinese Foreign Ministry 
spokesman on Thursday re- 

Imfa qje between trade mid hu- 
,mah rights, saying China was 
opposed to discussing “any- 
thing indevant" when talking 
about trade. 

Bush, in China, Wins 
Decision Praise 

The Associated Press 

BEUING — Prime Minister li 
Peng praised George Kish on Frir 
- y decision lo re- 

new China's most-favored-nation 
status,” which was one of 
.me most controversial policies of 
his admiuisiratiaiL. • - ; - 

.. .’^^onnerUApresklemisvis- 
lting China as a guest of the 

munent, which is hoping BCtrM 
will pressure President KD CTinton 

M m»iii rii.'., 1 . t ’ t t . j* . 

to renew i 

status. Mr. Qinion has balked at 
renewing the trade -privBaes bc- 
^^Q fhnman rights vfolaBriC* in 


t 1 

He Won't Predict 
Reform Bill’s Fate 

• Reuters - - 

TOKYO-— Prhat Minister Mor- 

Thrr o Hosokawa, bracing for a 
make-or-break leadership test in 

don bt^e to wind up debate on a 
paang a of political reform bills by. 
scheduling a vote ncxi week in the 
Reform Committee erf the uppe 
House of Councillors. • 

. Committee approval would set. 
ibe stage far a final vote m a House 
plenary session. Mr. Hosokawa, 
who has staked his political future, 
on of the bills, would be 

forced to resign or call ejections if. 

- *1 can’t tell what will happen 
until the very end*" Mr. Hosokawa 
said at a news briefing on his 56lh 
birthday. *T don't think Fd be able 
to predict the outcome even five 
minutes before the vote.” 

win over discontented 
in the dominant Social Democratic 
Party and appeal to independents 
and members of opposition parties 
to support hrs reform ptan. 

The eight-group coalition occu- 
pies 131 of the 252 seats in tbe 
Hbuse of Councillors. But h could 
lose its five-seat majority if five 
Socialists keep their word and vote 
against Ibe reforms. On the other 
hand, some of the 115 opposition 
legislators could be permaded to 
hack Mr. Hosokawa. 

' The prime minister is running 
out of time. The political reform 
bills, including an anti-corruption 
law and plans to revamp the dis- 
credited electoral system, will die 
unkss they are approved by parfia- 
ment by the end of tbe current 
session on Jan. 29. 

The Socialists opposing the 
padnifle say the new electoral sys- 
tem,; which would be based on a 
combination of singlt>sea! districts 
and proportional r epresentation, 
would mean obtivion for their par- 
ty ai the next election. 

Bat a coalition leader on Friday 
etimg gad off the Socialists’ disar- 
ray, saying die party was destined 
to bre&up regardless of political 



... . Rouen 
■ ALGIERS —A total of 22 peo- 
pw; were killed Friday in Algeria 
whai a team smashed into a bu* 

near thi (Am. war • i 

* 113111 smashed into a buk 
nra* ttaei town of Momma, 5Qkik>- 
mflss) soothwtat of At 

^Vthe news^agency APS report 1 
«i. The cradi mjnred 39 people. 

y\r+a\SXJ2> j 

.y. - y-i- ; 

* * 

" $■!■*« 

CLimmr on t our / 

Communist Elected 
Speaker of Russia’s 
New Lower House 

srap *£ 
g mm 
I fj ^ S-ss? 

- , 

8v «.i ana#,*- 

JJ* V 1 -"hiCJS- 

Ww fort Tones Sonnet '. 

MOSCOW — As Boris N. Yelt- 
sin gave President BiD Clinton gen- 
eral assurances that economic 
would proceed in Russia, the 
newly elected lower house of the 
parliament elected Friday an anti-, 
reform Communist Party /stalwart 
as its speaker . 

The vote was another graphic 
reminder of the political realities 
faring President Yeltsin once Mr. 
Clinton goes home. 

Mr. Yeltsin will provide the first 
real proof of his intentions when be 
announces a' reshuffled govern- 
ment, perhaps as early, as Monday, 
in which some economic reformers 
may he demoted and the imrch- 
critirized chairman of the central 
bank. Viktor S. Gerashchenko, an 
open enemy of the reformers, is 
expected to keep his job. 

The new lower home of parlia- 
ment, or State Duma, bad rejected 
pro- reform candidates for speaker 
in Thursday^ first round, and 
chose Friday between a Conmiu- 
rust, Ivan Ryblrin, and an extreme 
nationalist, Yuri Vlasov, a famous 
weight lifter. 

After Mr. Vlasov announced he 
would vote Tor Mr. Rybkin, in or- 
der “not to split the nationalist 
forces," the Duma elected Mr. 
Rybkin, a leader of the Communist 
faction in the old parliament . 

Mr. Rybkin. an engineer and 
professional party bureaucrat from 
Volgograd who is a member of the 
Agrarian bloc, won 223 votes, the 
bare majority needed in the 444- 
member Duma, after the pro-gcw- 

.. eminent Russia’s Choice faction, 
the largest, chose to abstain. 

Some 111 voted against w™, in- 
cluding members of the second- 
largest reform faction, "headed by 
Gngori A. Yavlinsky. 

Mr. Vlasov, who has published 
strong anti-Western and anti-Zion- 
ist views, as be describes them, in 
tlw sow-banned altranati o nalis t 
newspaper Den, received 23 votes. 

Mr. Rybkin was Supported by 

the Communists- the Agrarians and 
the Liberal Democrats led by a 
combative nationahst, Vladimir V. 
Zhirinovsky, who got into a fight in 
the parliamentary buffet Friday. 

On Thursday, the upper house, 
or Federation Council, maA» up 
largely of local officials and bu- 
reaucrats, elected a Yd tan ally and 
a first deputy prime minis ter, Vla- 
dimir F. Shumaio, as its speaker. 

As for Mr. Zhirinovsky, who on 
Thursday angrily withdrew his can- 
didacy as speaker, shouting that 
“every candidate for speaker must 
be sent- to a psychiatric hospital,” 
he was punched in the face m the 
Duma restaurant A St Petersburg 
deputy, Mark- Goryachev, waiting 
in the buffet hoe, apparently re- 
sented Mr. Zhirinovsky's load de- 
mand for immediate service. ' 

As waitresses rushed to Mr. 
Zhirinovsky, Mr. Goryachev inter- 
vened.' complaining that he and 
other deputies had been waiting/or 
some time. Mr. Zhirinovsky then 
rushed to Mr. Goiyachev, idling 
him to “Suit upr witnesses told 
Interfax. Mr. Goryachev then ap- 
parently punched 

Continued from Plage 1 

mal a g reemen t than a Ukrainian commitment 
to meet obligations in exchange for specific 
promises from the United States and Russia. 

Time was no certainty, however, that the' 
Ukrainian parliament would be any less stub- 
born than in the past Still, parliamentary elec- 
tions are scheduled for March 27. and Mr. 
Kravchuk may have calculated Char new depu- 
ties might he more amenable to approving the 
agreements, especially after so public an en- 

Another accord dealing with the leftover - 
Cold War arsenal was a pledge from the Ameri- 
can and Russian presidents that by May 30 
none of their nuclear arms would be targeted at 
each other, or foir that matter at any other 

OfDdal&as/rc^jfat the measure was more 
iymlwiw than prachcat arifc h harried no v 
verification procedures; and since most missiles 
can be rapidly retargeted. Besides, Mr. Yeftsn 
has already declared that no Russian missOes 
are targeted at the United States. 

A central political issue of the summit meet- 
ing came from the Fast European and Baltic 

states clamoring to join NATO, a notion that 
riles Russia. Mr. Clinton's solution has been to 
invite aO former East European and Soviet 
stales to jam the North Atlantic alliance in a 
vague Partnership for Peace. 

Mr. Yeltsin heartily embraced the proposal. 

As for the rest of the talks, the Russian leader 
acknowledged some differences, evidently on 
the question of Russian troop withdrawal from 
Estonia and Latvia, mid on policy toward Bos- 

... But with Russia in political and economic 
turmoil, this was not the time for major foreign 
policy or disarmament initiatives. Jt was the 
time to show that America still stood firmly 
behind Mr. Yeltsin and reform, even if it was 
not ladling out more funds. 

“Throughout our discussions, I reaffirmed 
the strong support of the United States for 
Rosstat c omm it me nt to democracy and transi- 
tion to a market economy," Mr. Clinton said. 

Later, at the “town meeting." he was asked 
whether hedid notidentffy Russian reform too 
dosdy with the person of Mr. Yeltsin. 

“Do 1 intend to work with President Yeltsin 

as long as be embodies Russian democracy and 

TRIP: The President Wobbled d Bit on a Diplomatic Tightrope in Moscow 

Continued from Phge 1 ' 

who was involved,, that there was excellent 
chemistry between the two. • 

Beyond that, the conference produced or 
expedited, important adtinments — an agree- 
ment not to aim missiles atone another, a three- 
way agreement under which President Leonid . 
M. Kravchuk of Ukraine pledged to scrap Ins 
country's mid car arsenal, an agreement to open 
the U.S. market toRussian uranium — even if 
it yielded tio magic dear for Russia's ills. 

• Vet it is the paraaraenr, ejected only a month 
ago, that -most vividly .reflects the grassroots 
fury of tins vast and turbulent nation, and in 
particular the mounting anti-Anxncaium 

However much they may privately admire 
American wealth and success, many Russians 
blame the United States for this country’s loss 
of empire and superpower status, for the pover- 
ty ana privation in which many workers find 
themselves and for tbeerndity of nascent capi- 
talism here, with iu sleazy products, croaked 
politicians, swindlers, racketeers and profiteers. 

Mr. Yeltsin has the constitutional powers to 
sidestep the parliament, but it is still the legisla- 
ture that can provide the safety valve for the 
steam of wounded pride; the legislature where 
new political coalitions will have to be built and 
consensus on grand strategy, if any, achieved, 
and tire legislature that will serve as the forcing 

ground fen 1 the young politicians who will have 
to provide the answer to the question. After 
Yeltsin, who is there? 

Mr. Clinton and his advisers believe passion- 
ately that a slower pace of reform, as advocated 
by Prime Minister Viktor S. Chernomyrdin, 
whose star is in the ascendancy here, will only 
delay the dawn of recover.' and prolong the 

C . Viewing him as the only viable coumer- 
: to the gradualists, the Americans extract- 
ed from Mr. Yeltsin a pledge to press on with 
his radical reform program. They also warned 
as bluntly as good manners permitted that 
international aid would be fortocomins only if 
be did. 

ISN'T IT ROMANTIC ? By Ernst Theimer 


i Urania, e.t;. 

• 5 Dniji 

9 Made j 

vuborbiul flight 

14 “Rob Roy" 

19 errand jt'- 

:c chver 
.21 Oil source 

22 tin 

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23 524 marbles 

25 Bai staple . 

2b tlrciririlnif 

27 Saite. *:J 

28 fUuscrjre 
•29 “tki ini 

31 *uh 

12 Cipuj! rear the 
Murrumbiducc: . 

34 Vi'hc.-ratx-ui 1 

35 D.i».r* nc 


.1® Small porch 
4Z T-.pirzly 

■ rcduudjr.l 

44 M.vRcm™ 


Lampuri rule 

53 Son of Bam, in 
’.nr Bible - 

' 34 v B*H«'«fwT’5 


59 Golden quality 
57 Ape 

59 rake rumor 
*2 Htxwoi 55*< 


65 Semr fraction* 
tiS Fracases 
6? Specote 
68 Proverb erring a 
. dye to this 

73 Siiiii 'jrr cry 

74 Surgeon's work . 

75 Is a forerunner 

’. £»f 

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spadi Mwie . 

81 D» filers t*y tbe 
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62 Fwcort 

$4 Eh*a!e' , ’’< oner 
65- A v itr.iia :r. 

T* !*e«fc 
87 Pngnittcrd 
S£ Sctahramdr** 
stringed late** ' 

K Tyranacai 
9> Re.wii.fnj way 
95 -NV>te4e 

to Pmsrie.of J®- ^ 

*6 One of die 
- Cartwrights 
IOC French Lick 
and others 
104 Worshiper 
157 Freshen 
109 Fbslcofa 

15! -move chess 

111 Tennis score 

112 1.0G1 log holders 

114 Pay • 

115 Brarilum port 
117 1,049 steamships 
IIS Like krypton' 

119 Chew the . 

' scenery 

120 Gaze amorously 

121 Kind of pool 

122 1,333 boats 

123 Groups of pills, 

124 Secretary: Attr. 
.125 Cardinal 



1 1^303 poems 

2 Pioneering 
computer of 

3 Doc of 30's 

4 Pottery surtice 

5 Cautious 

' b Tubularpasta 

7 -Zip . 


S Judge's maircr " 
9 Star of TVs 
“. 3 Jdanis 

1C Squished i 
41 Bancroft.. — 

' and 98 others 

12 Lilly 8c Co. 

13 Well-behaved 
14. Survey 

15 Four and 

hbekbinds (and 


16 Antefope noth 
sptkeKie horns 

17 Lake catch 
ISIlchy, inaw-ay 
24 Nored wiqe 

, ianiily 
28 Persecuied 


© New York Times Edited by Will Shortz. 

The Politics of a Forest in Belarus 

Bv Sieven ErJanger 

•Veil- York 7l»m Service 

MINSK. Belarus — ■ President Bill Clinton's 
decision to lay a wreath in the Kuropaty Forest, 
just off the highway Trent the airport, as he 
arrives in Minsk has ignited a debate that tells 
much about Belarus's fragile sovereignty and 
Soviet-style politics. 

The fuss threatens to overshadow Mr. Clin- 
ton’s six-hour visit here Saturday. The stopover 
is meant be a quick "thank you" to the former 
Soviet republic for agreeing to give up all 81 of 
its SS-25 nuclear missiles, an accord reached 
without any of the haggling needed to produce 
a similar pledge in L , kraine. 

Kuropaty. an ice-covered forest clearing 
marked by a crude wooden cross embellished 
with a circle or barbed wire, is not one of the 
plentiful memorials in this blood-soaked coun- 
try to the victims of National Socialist Germa- 
ny. It is the site of a mass grave of those 
executed by Stalin's secret policemen from 
1937 to 1941, and it is thought to contain as 
many as 200.000 corpses. 

The current government looks at Kuropaty 
with extreme ambivalence. 

When excavation at the site began in 1988, 
Kuropaty took on symbolic importance for 
nationalists in their efforts at independence. 
The archeologist who discovered it Zyanon 
Paznyak, is also a lender of the political opposi- 
tion and regards the current prime minister. 
Vyacheslav Kebich, as a traitor, accusing him 

of "conducting u pro-imperial. pro-Russian 


Thus Mr. Paznyak is outraged by Mr. Ke- 
bich 's latest proposal on the Clinton visit. 

Mr. Kebich said in an interview that the 
presidium of Belarus's Supreme Soviet had de- 
cided to ask the While House to schedule Mr. 
Clinton's visit to Kuropaty last, so that he can 
first pay his respects at the official Soviet-built 
monument to the victims of Nazism in down- 
town Victory Square. 

“The presidium thinks a visit to Victory 
Square first, in honor of all those who fought 
fascism, and then to Kuropaty would be accept- 
ed correctly by the people." Mr. Kebich said. 

The wTea delaying is meant to highlight Mr. 
Clinton's suppon for faster political and eco- 
nomic change in ihis nation of 10.7 million, 
including early elections to a legislature that 
has been in place since 1940. before indepen- 

But for Mr. Paznyak. “the old Communist 
Parly and Supreme Soviet are still in place in 

"Kuropaty is a crime committed by iheir 
predecessors." he said, “and they hate that Mr. 
Clinton will pay respects to this horrible place, 
this factory of death, h is a symbol of Stalin's 
genocide and the massacre of our nation." 

A senior Western diplomat said it was un- 
likely that Mr. Clinton's schedule would 
change. “There are certain sensitivities sur- 
rounding Kuropaty." he said. “But Victory 
Square by iLself is just pabulum." 

Like Ukraine, io the south. Belarus has seen 
centuries of bloodshed and has been chewed up 
bv many larger neighbors. Some 1.3 million 
Belarusians died during the Nazi occupation in 
World War II. including virtually even Jew 
and half the population of Minsk.’ 

As many as 2 million died here in Stalin's 

Belarus, like Ukraine, is trying to build an 
independent state, but on weaker foundations, 
with little left of ancient Belarusian culture. 
Except for the Nazi occupation and a few 
months of independence after the Russian Rev- 
olution. the area has been under the control of 
Russia since 1772 and was held by Poland and 
Lithuania before that. 

So Kuropaty is also important in the search 
for symbols of Belarusian nationality. For in- 
stance. Minsk's vast main street, once named 
for Lenin, is now named for Framsisk Skaryna. 
bom about 1490. He was Belarusian all right, 
but he is honored for hating printed the first 
Bible in what was then Lithuania, and he spent 
most of his life in Krakow and Prague. 

Stanislav Shushkevich. the embattled centrist 
democrat who is chairman of the Supreme 
Soviet, says Belarusians have learned humility 
from their history, which helps explain the 
paucitv of reform and die willingness to kow- 
tow. if necessary, to Russia. 

"We've been beaten so many times and put in 
such difficult situations, we always think of 
survival first." said Mr. Shushkevich. a nuclear 


Wm McNunce'Rcncn 

Naina Yeftsu welcoming HHbuy Rodham Clinton to Moscow 
—STEVEN ERLANGEK on Friday with a tour of the Cathedral of the Assumption. 

CLINTON: Meeting Crowned With Ukraine Agreement to Scrap Missiles 

as long as he is the choice of the majority of the 
people of Russia to be the president?” asked 
Mr. Clinton. “Of course. 

Students sat transfixed as Mr. Clinton wan- 
dered among them, picking questioners him- 
self, bantering easily with them and introducing 
his wife, Hillary, who arrived in Moscow on 

The format was a familiar one for Mr. Clin- 
ton, and one in which he clearly felt at ease, 
especially after a few questions in English. 

What would be like historians to say of him? 
Would he play the saxophone? (“No, I played 
for President Yeltsin last night. I have a quota, 
one saxophone play per counliy ”) Would he 
change places with’ President Yeltsin? (“No, I 
like roe job i have.”) 

A 13-year-old boy. Alexander Fyodorov, re- 
caUing u picture of Mr. Clinton as a teenager 
shaking hands with the late President John' F. 
Kennedy, asked how old Mr. Ginton was when 
he “got the idea to become the president of the 
United States.” 

Mr. Clinton called the boy to him: “Come up 
here. Come shake bonds with me and maybe 
you'll be president of Russia someday.” 


By Margaret Fay Shaw. 150 
pages. £12.99. Canongate Press, 

From the lone shieling of the misty 

Mountains divide us. and the waste 
of seas. 

Yet still the blood is strong, the heart 
is Highland, 

And we in dreams behold the Hebri- 

— Canadian boating song, anon. 

Reviewed by 
Robert K. McCabe 

T HERE is a romance to (he 
Western Isles of Scotland that 
can stir the blood and spin the 
heart of even a Midwesterner as 
stolid as the present reviewer, and 
the Hebrides netted Margaret 
Shaw like a bright silver herring 
when she was still in her voulb. 

Music-mesmerized since she 
taught herself at 6 to play the piano 
in the Alleghenies and later en- 
chanted by the Gaelic poetry she 
discovered a few years later as a 
schoolgirl in Scotland, she found 
her true home in the Outer Hebri- 

des in the luck of her youth and 
never looked back. 

She was in her 20s when she 
landed on South Uist as she trav- 
eled the remote sharp edges of 
Scotland, and there she recorded 
the music and lyrics of the lovely 
Gaelic songs even then beginning 
to fade from common memory. 
AJong with her ear for the lilt of 
Gaelic and a growing passion for 
the Scotland her ancestors had left 
generations ago. she brought an 
awkward old 10-pounder Graflex 
camera from which she coaxed a 
series of haunting photographic 
studies of the islands and their peo- 
ples in that time 

Listen to her: “Of all the islands 
f'd visited, there was something 
about Uist that just won me. it was 
like falling in love: it was the island 
f wanted to go back to." Then, 
thoughtfully: “Of course. 1 was not 
looking for islands. 1 was looking 
for a wav to live mv life." 

And that was what she found in 
those lovely, wave-battered, near- 
barren chips of rock: a way of life 
that led to books and son a collec- 
tions from that rugged world, as 
well as those splendid photographs. 
"My first thought." she writes, 
“was to gel the songs down and 1 

didn't look beyond that. But when 1 
began looking over what 1 had. 1 
saw (hat it was a tapestry, that their 
whole way of life was in the songs." 

So Margaret Shaw. Scottish heri- 
tage quickening, began to make her- 
self part of that tapestry. “An ember 
was dying,” wrote a reviewer of her 
first book. “She blew on it and 
brought it to life.” And with it new 
life for herself as well. In the mid- 
1930s. she met and married John 
CampbcIL a young Scottish natural- 
ist and writer, collector of Gaelic 
songs and an enthusiastic farmer. 
Three years later, they bought the 
tiny island of Canna, a scrap of rock 
in the sea a few miles south of tbe 
Isle of Skye. Over the decades that 
followed, they turned Canna'.s lands 
into a thriving farm with its own 
prize-winning * herds of Highland 
cattle, sheep and pigs and dairy- 
cows and their attendant cats and of 
course the outs on which the Scot- 
tish character is built. 

But where exactly is Canna? Per- 
haps because the book's publisher 
is Scottish, no need was felt to 
spend money to include a map of 
Scotland and its Western Isles and 
thus careful readers nuw trot oft 
regularly to an atlas to seek out wee 
specks like Minguby and St. Kildu 

and South Uist. To carry on carp- 
ing: Other readers might wish for 
more details on what particular ag- 
riculture magic made Canna pros- 
per, or about the seals and birds 
and other wild life of the islands. 
Are there no otters on Canna? And 
there is little comment at all on the 
inroads made by the caravan-loads 
of vacationers from the mainland. 

But this book after ail is an auto- 
biography. not a history or a la- 
ment or a pamphlet on scientific 
farming, and as such its effect is to 
cany one far away from urban de- 
spond into the cold dear air of 
lovely Scotland, to stir again those 
dreams of the lovely far-off Hebri- 
des. Margaret Shaw found exactly 
what she sought, a splendid way to 
live her life, and in her telling of it 
lets ux all share that pleasure and 
that pride. 

JcftTRo'.’.iiiu/ Tnfrunc 



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Page 6 



* w 




Clarify the Ukraine Accord 

eribltnC Clinton 9 s Europe Show: Not a Bad Start 

Let Him Not 

In the summit whirl, it was easy to overlook 
a few of ihc throwaway lines that American 
officials spoke about the breakthrough agree- 
ment on Ukraine’s forsaking a nuclear arse- 
nal. It is p lain tha t President Leonid Krav- 
chuk faces tremendous parliamentary 
resistance to the agreement. Nationalists ding 
to the hope of converting the missiles Ukraine 
inherited, from the former Soviet Union into & 
Ukrainian-controlled nuclear fence. Ukraini- 
ans across the political spectrum ask how else, 
if not by such a force, they can protect their 
security and independence against a nuclear- 
arracd Russia that often shows dis d ain for 
Ukrainian statehood Hence the American 
readiness to defer to President Kravchuk in 
the presentation of the new agreement 
But then we read that the Gin ton adminis- 
tration will not reveal some key parts of the 
agreement, particularly the exact sequence of 

Surrendering to Terrorism 

When governments speak of “reasons of 
state,” look for a squalid act that offends 
common decency. France wfll not explain 
why it brushed off a Swiss extradition re- 
quest and released two Iranians wanted in 
Switzerland for the murder of an Iranian 
dissident. According to the right-of-center 
government of Prime Minister Edouard Bal- 
ladur, the reasons are “linked to the national 
interest." When the Clinton administration 
protested this breach of anti-terrorism poli- 
cy, the French interior minister, Charles Pas- 
qua, refused to respond because “I am not an 
employee of President Clinton." 

One has to sympathize with Mr. Pasqua, 
since the likely explanations for France’s ac- 
tion are embaxrasang, The possibilities are (1) 
that France has violated the European Char- 
ter on extradition to secure a market in Iran 
for its high-tech exports; (2) that it has yielded 
to Iranian threats of terrorism, and (3) that 
the Bahadur government, with an ear to anti- 
immigrant sentiment, places less value on hu- 
man life if the victim is a non-European, like 

the Iranian dissiden t who was slain in Geneva. 

France's release of the suspects in that 
irflBng is especially deplorable since their trial 
was expected to yield new dues about scores 
of murderous assaults in Germany, Greece, 
Austria, Turkey, Italy, Norway, Japan and ax 
other countries. Fortunately, Mr. Pasqoa and 
his prime minister do not speak for all of 
France. "Appearing to cave in to the threat of 
terrorism,” Le Monde editorialized, “is cer- 
tainly not the best way to fight it.” The oppo- 
sition Socialist Party has assailed the Bahadur 
government’s “deplorable inconsistency.” 

Yet the Socialists practiced the same ap- 
peasement in 1990, when President Fran$ais 
Mitterrand pardoned an assailant who a de- 
cade earlier tried to murder former a Iranian 
p rime minis ter, Shahp ur Bakhtin r. A year 
later Mr. Bakhtiart throat was cul Two Irani- 
an suspects were arrested in Switzerland and 
extradited to France. A trial is supposed to 
take place this year — if Mr. Pasqua does not 
discover reasons to free those Iranians as wefl. 


One Investigation at a Time 

An investigation erf the Whitewater affair 
by a special counsel without ties to the Justice 
Department has now been authorized, but 
some who want answers in a faster and more 
public forum demand that a simultaneous 
investigation be undertaken by a select com- 
mittee of Congress. We do not agree. The case 

involves complicated financial dealings 
among individuals who were not, at the time, 
federal officeholders. There is no conflict of 
authority here among the three branches of 
government. While Mr. Clinton's political op- 
ponents may want to see aD the charges and 
countercharges hashed out on national televi- 
sion right now, there is no real need for 
legislative hearings at this point. 

In fact, there is a strong argument that 
congressional hearings might be counterpro- 
ductive. Legislators need only recall the histo- 
ry of the Iran-contra probe to see the pitfalls 
involved when a case is handled in two forums 
at the same time. Problems arise because 
Congress and prosecutors have different ob- 
jectives and they often conflict. Committee 
hearings are designed to provide a public 
forum for the gathering of information, while 
prosecutors strive to accumulate admissible 
evidence leading to a conviction. AH this, it 
should be remembered, remains wholly in the 
realm of the hypothetical because neither the 
president nor anyone else associated with the 
White House has been accused of any crime. 
Bat if a special investigation is to take place, it 
is prudent to let it play out its coarse without 
this particular conflict 

This investigation, it is also wise to remem- 
ber, does not concern only the president but 

involves many other people who could be 
affected by competing inquiries. Hu Fifth 
Amendment protects a witness from being 
compelled to testify against hims elf. But 0 
Congress wants information badly enough, it 
can can compel seU-incrinrinating testimony 
by granting immunity, which forecloses the 
use of that testimony at trial It was exactly 
such an agreement that led to the collapse of 
the case against Oliver North and the reversal 
of the conviction of his boss, John Poindexter. 

In reviewing these cases, the U.S. Court of 
Appeals in Washington set a standard that 
will make it difficult to use congressional 
immunity and still preserve a prosecutor’s 
case. The court ruled that aQ the witnesses 
who testify before a grand jury or at trial must 
be e xamined “line-by-line and item-by-item" 
to determine whether they used immunized 
testimony “to refresh their memories or other- 
wise focus their thoughts, organize their testi- 
mony or alter their prior or contemporaneous 
statements” before giving testimony in the 
criminal proceedings. People who watched 
congressional hearings on television would 
find it hard to swear they had no such inqjact 

The court has rightly made it difficult for 
Congress to circumvent the Fifth Amendment 
by compelling testimony through immunity. 
If it turns out that the Whitewater matter 
involves criminal conduct, prosecutions could 
be jeopardized by aggressive congressional 
probers who want the whole story notwith- 
standing the risk to the crimmal proceedings. 
For now, the investigation should be left in 
the hands erf the independent special counsel 

The Smell Around Rollins 

Ed Roffins, the Republican political consul- 
tant, has seen better days. Nevertheless, he' 
said be was “relieved” when federal and state 
prosecutors hi New Jersey called him a bar 
this week. One of than observed further that 
his “racist, insensitive remarks ... poured 
add” on bonds between while and black com- 
munities. And the Democratic state chairman 
added that, despite the apparent legality of 
what Mr. Rollins did, “the ethics of it stinks.” 
Mr. RoDins managed Christie Whitman's 
bid to be governor of New Jersey last fall, and 
then scaled her victory by gloating to reporters 
about dirty tricks to suppress the turnout for 
Governor Jim Fiona Mr. RoDins declared that 
the campaign had paid “street money” to dis- 
suade black clergymen from giving sermons 
that encouraged parishioners to vote. 

In later testimony, he swore he made it all 
up. A UJS. attorney and two former state 
attorneys general have now concluded that he 
was tight the second time, and that there was 
nothing but braggadocio in his original allega- 
tions. Several dozen FBI agents, a dozen state 
investigators and numerous prosecutors were 
unable to find a single illegal payment 
That does not end the stench of this affair. 
Mr. Rolhns may have tied about what the 

Whitman campaign did, but be had enter- 
tained such thoughts. And whether or not 
there was money for black churches, Mr. 
RoUins revealed an ugly attitude that black 
dogy can be bought. 

His underlying proposition was that cam- 
paign strategists plot to stifle voces for the other 
candidate while building support for their own. 
Vote suppression was also evidently in mind 
when the stale legislature, controlled by Re- 
publicans, killed a proposed November refer- 
endum on sports betting. They finned gam- 
bling interests would dram up a huge urban 
vote; which would help Democrats. 

Republican legislators also cried in concoct- 
ing an antidote for “street money” abuses. 
Their post-Roffins legislation to curb such 
wrongs is so clumsily constructed that it will 
inhibit the altogether legal Election Day chores 
that both parties need to turn out their voters. 

Mr. Roflins may be happy that he is only a 
bar, not a crook. Democratic victims of Iris 
campaign management and blacks victimized 
by ms boasting are less saddled. The prose* 
enters have swept a menacing doud from 
Mrs. Whitman’s inauguration next week, but 
not the lingering smdL 


International Herald Tribune 


RICHARD McCLEAN. Publisher & Chief Extvwnr 
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how the warheads wfll be removed and how 
long the entire process wiU take. Nor will it 
say what UJS. incentives Ukraine has been 
promised beyond those made public. “It is our 
position that some dements of the agreement 
will remain confidential,” a senior Official 
said, adding that the agreement fixes no time- 
table to the confidential elements and that 
they “could never be publicly released.” 
What does this mean? Surely it cannot be 
that President Bill Clinton and his aides are 
intending to keep secret the text of the Ameri- 
^nn-trir rainian -Ri ^an a gr eem en t. Nothing 
could more quickly compromise delivery on 
whatever undisclosed “incentives” — eco- 
nomic? political? military? — the American 
government has promised to Ukraine to help 
it accept and promote what are, for it, difficult 
terms. Clarification is badly needed. 


P ARIS— President Bill Clinton will return to 
Washington with his first European journey 
a success —barring an untoward event m Mos- 
cow this weekend. The trip will certainly have 

been a success in teams of the domestic tdeviaon 

spectacular. The real and critical issues were 
dealt with in ways that satisfied the Washington 
press, if nol the victims of Bosnian war and East 
finppean insecurities. 

On NATO expansion and Bosnia, Mr. Clinton 
got what he came for. He got the Europeans to 

It was a useful week’s work, 
dispelling doubts that he even 
had a policy on Europe . 

3 1 the so-called Partnership for Peace, by 
NATO is made to seem to expand while 
not actually doing so. On Bosnia there was a 
collective statement by the allies which sounded 
resolute bat was noL However, this was the best 
any of the Western governments seemed able to 
offer ax this dreadful point in the war. 

Mr. Clinton give U.S. support to whatever 
survives of the Owen-Stoltenberg plan, offering 
further ethnic partition of Bosnia m exchange for 
peace, an offer most unlikely to be accepted by 
any of the parties to the war. 

He pleased the West Europeans by abandon- 

By William Pfaff 

the purely European sHi&oce chat predates 
NATO, and development of the French-Ger- 
man Eurocorps of imaged military units. 

They believed that these European initiatives 
could weaken NATO and dtmmgh America’s 
leadership rote. As the Clinton administration 
has said thatit wants to back off from the costs of 
leadership, Mr. Qinton and his people, against 
Washington establishment resistance, have told 

ratingBdgten and as wdLastite 

Gentians and French) is welcome, and that if * 
WEU can take ova bigger responsibilities fra: 
Europe’s defense, that isfme, 

Mr. Qinton promised to keep 100,000 troops 
on this sde of the Atlantic; which was also 
considered very good news in Etircme, made 
anxious by Yugoslavia and the new emfl in the 
wind from Moscow. It is also sound policy be- 
cause it maintams a solid U.S. strategic position 
in a c mdal place. 

The agreement with Ukraine on nuclear war-, 
beads win be another success for Mr. Qinton, if it 
is actually signed and Carried ouLltisasnoccssfbr 
Russia too, of coune, which will be left as the only 
nudear power among the former Soviet states. 

Mr. CfintoiL It diapriledsome of the European 
doulrt expre^^ton* at the start <rf the week by - 
a Paris poBtical scientist, otherwise disposed to / 
sympathy toward Mr. Qfaton, who asked, “Why 
is it that only RepubBcan adminis t r ations have 
foreign poBocs?” I reminded him that Demo- ' 
crars were responsible for the Trittnan Flan and 
the MarabaffPtetb as well as tartheBay of Pigs, 
Vietnam and Cambodia. They had more foreign 
policy than turned out to be gjjod forthem. 

It is into that since Vietnam the Democrats 

have seemed traumatized by problems connected : 
to the use of force, bat in this they have been 
faithful to the pubfe’s own ambivalences. The 
Reagan administration left Lebamm Tike a shot 
when tbc American.marincs there were bombed, 
and Mr. Reagan and Mc-.Budi later confined 
themselves to mlervening only in veay snail and 
unwariike countries, mm foe Gtrif^ War. 

The Democrats’ problem with violence is die 
product of a natiotiat tiaimianotyttiwtrfvuA M5t 
Qmton, in. Brussels, seemed niote resolute on 
Bosnia than any of hisNATO coumexparta, but it ■ 
is not the United States that has troops on the 
ground in Bosnia. Be could afford to be resolute. 

The Qmton a dminist r a tion has given itself a 

N EW YORK. — un aunoay, me 
president of the United Sates 
wfll enteraconforeace room hi Geoe- 

predecessors ferociously resisted an enlarged 
security role for the Western European Union, 

meat of television and pressmen, winch of coinse 
Is what it really was about. Every presidential 
word or gesture or humor was reoorded as if it 
actually mattered, and every staged presidential 
performance, on or off the saxophone; was transr 
matted to the folks at home. 

Nonetheless, it was a useful week's work by 

exist. The policy i&comjposed in part atamnnpn- 

mrion eJ^Amae p cac ^na^^^erest instil 
security and economic r elations with Europe. 
Both includes mnch ambiguity and evasion on 
the bard questions, and makes a huge gamble of 
confidence m Boris Yehrix. It is only a start But 
it is not a bad stmt . 

International Herald Tribune. 

© Los Angela Times SyruScdte. 

If NATO Can’t Stop a Mlosevic, How About a Zhirinovsky? 

W ASHINGTON —Bosnia got 
plenty of attention at the 
NATO summit in Brussels this week, 
but the main effect has been to petal 
up the sad inability of the Atlantic 
alliance to deal with post-Cold War 
threats — immediate ones and those 
that loom over the horizon. 

The United States and its allies 
continue to make dear that they 
have no response to Serbia's 
strongman, Slobodan Milosevic, or 
to his attempts to carve a Greater 
Serbia ont of Croatian and Bosni- 
an territory, using genocide as 

T^^Mure^^^ serious doubts 
as to the resolve and options that 
NATO would have in faring Rus- 
sia's potential Milosevic, Vladimir 
Zhirinovsky. Western capitulation 

By Stephen W. Walker 

in the RHTVans Binholrtens Mr. 73m - 
inovsky and others Kte him. 

The NATO « fifes have made the 
wrong choices in the former Yugo- 
slavia by enforcing an unjust, lop- 
sided embargo against the 
B osnians drat allowed the Sorbs to 
commit genocide, and by support- 
ing negotiations that encouraged 
aggression and “ethnic deanang.” 

They also have failed to live up to 
their ftf w r w ni tm mts — to enforce the 
no-flight zone against the Serbs, en- 
sure delivery nf H rminmtarian assis- 
tance, and use air strikes to stop the 
shelling of Chilians. 

It is time to ask what the United 
Stares and NATO could or would 
do differently to prevent or stop Mr. 

Zh irino v sk y's attempts to restore 
the Soviet empire or “protect" Rus- 
sian minnn’lfas in ‘Uk raine and. the 
Baltics. If a local Balkan thug can 
stand up to NATO and tbewadd’s 
test superpower, what might a Rus- 
sian fascist with a nudear arsenal 
fed confident enough to try? 

President Bill Omton can con- 
tain the hemorrhaging of U.S. and 
NATO ta^bflxty.TteshcwWrecog- 
nize NATO’s recent shortcomings 
and make dear Urn it mim t live up 
to prior commhmenls and confront 
present-day threats before R can 
think about expansion and future 
challenges. He mast lead his NATO 
colleagues in talcing concrete steps 
to right the wron& of Bosnia. 

The Uncertainty in China 
Leaves Japanese on Edge 

By Clare HoIUiigworth 

T OKYO — The defense of the 
Western Pacific, especially of 
Southeast Aria and Japan, grows ever 
more vital as the economic strength 
and potential of the region rise. 

But the relaxed atmosphere here in 
Japan that followed the end of the 
Cold War has been replaced by anxi- 
ety and confused thinking an future 
daense policy. The main prints of 
Japanese concern, winch are general- 
ly shared by South Korea and the 
ASEAN powers (Thailand, Indone- 
sia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brand and 
the Philippines), are these: 

• How far will China extend its 
military capabiliry? In what direction? 

• And how far will die United 
States reduceitsnrilitary presence now 
that the Cold War is over 7 
The region now owes its stability 
largely to the UJS.-Japan security trear 
ty signed shortly after World war IL 
The presence of the UJS. 7th Fleet as 
well as American ground farces in 
Japan and Sooth Korea gives tile area 
a sense of protection, as does the 
American nuaear mnbndte 
But Japan considets the situation in 
East Aria to be as tense and insecure 
as it was doriig the Cold War, a senior 
Defease Agency official said. Not only 
is there concern about the North Ko- 
rean p pete a r issue, hot China and 
sum Southeast Asian countries are 
bnflding their military capabilities, 

and Russia retains sufficient force to 
launch a nudear strike. 

It will not be easy for Japan to 
formulate a new poEcy, however, un- 
til the siccession to China’s ailing 
leader. Drag Xiaoping, is firmly es- 
tablished. The Japanese genraally be- 
lieve that economic and political re- 
formists will prevail in China, bat 
they don't rale out the possibility that 
z hard-line Communist general might 
take power. Some Japanese business- 
men fear that the prosperous sontii- 
era provinces aright break away from 
the heavy-handed Bering govern- 
ment. There is also concera that after 
China regains sovereignty over Hong 
Kong in 1997, fewer “friendly” war- 
ships will visit the Western Pacific. 

Japan is keen to enhance regional 
security, which is, after all, good for 
business. Tokyo does not support the 
talk of transforming the Association 
of Southeast Asian Nations into a nal- 
itary alliance, but h hopes to make 
trilateral defense agreements with 
members of the grouping. For now, 
however; the UJSLJapan security trea- 
ty remains of utmost importance to 
Tokyo, and not just to the Hosokawa 
coalition government but to the Liber- 
al Democratic Party, now in ppposi- 
ticn for the first time since 1955, and 
to the powerful bureaucracy. 

Tokyo's concerns on regional in- 
stability are several: There is worry 

Correctness in Defense of Vengeance 

W ASHINGTON — What if Oe- 
dipus went on trial in Los 
Angdes for murdering Ms father? 
Aim what if Dtiflah were tried in 
Manassas, Vir ginia, for off 
her lover’s manhood? WeO, now we 
know. Both would darhn years of 
abuse (cfafld, marital), invoke self- 
defense, and move to acquit. Wel- 
come to American justice, '90s-styte 
The Menendez brothers have 
been on trial in Los Angeles for five 
months far nmirriering their parents 
[a mistrial was declared Thursday in 
the trial of the younger brother, 
Erik]; and Lorena Babbitt in Ma- 
nassas for sexually mutilating her 
husband. Two sensational trials, one 
primordial theme. The theme is re- 
venge. But since the law does not 
recognize revenge as justification for 
murder and mutilation, revenge is 
now dressed up as sdf -defense. 

The Msiendez brothers, who af- 
ter murdering their parents went on 
a spending spree that indnded Rotex 
watches and a S7OJQ0Q Porsche, 
claim they kflled oat of fear for their 

for mao? years arto^aow^tetr par- 
ents wore going to kill them. 

sexual and mental abuse. Although a 

jury acquitted her husband in a pre- 
vious trial of marital rape on the 
night he was attacked, her lawyer 
insisted it was “Ms penis versus her 
life” fa stark summation of f« n m gt 
victimization theory), The Bobbitt 
story becomes a tale of sdf-defrase. 

Now, self-defense used to mean 
shooting someone who is about to 
shoot you, or some variation there- 
of. Brit John Wayne Bobbitt, the 
allied aggressor, was asleep at the 

By HimIm Krandiainmer 

time he was attacked. And the Me- 
nendez parents were in their TV 
room eating ice cream when the 
boys came in with shotguns and 
blew them away. It is an odd son of 
self-defense where only the defend- 
er is aimed. It is evra odder when 
only the defender is awake. 

Bat the claim of self-defense, 
however implausible, allows the in- 
troduction of the most lurid allega- 
tions of sexual abuse. These ei^en- 
der sympathy for the defendant and 
makft the dead and the Tnamr^ri 
look like monsters. 

. In fact, these are cases not of self- 
defense but of revenge. Ami not just 
any revmgp. This is politically cor- 
rect revenge. Wife and child abuse 
are the comes of the day. Fighting 
them, avenging them, indeed just 
exposing them are deemed acts Dot 
just of cottraa but erf high purpose, 
“empowering’ tbepoweriess. 

Hence Vanity Fair runs a sultry 
photo spread ca Lorena Bobbitt and 
declares her “a national folk hero- 
ine.” Imagine that, say, someelderiy 
man, having long been abused by tes 
wife, grabbed a knife and, BoWritt- 
Kke, cut off her breasts, b it possible 
to imagfnr such a man becoming a 
national folk hero? Of course DOL 
His crime would be seen not as 
an act of liberation, but as a mere 

When Attorney General Janet 
Rrao was confronted at the press 
conference foliowing the Waoo di- 
saster witii the consequences of the 

attack she had. ordered on the 

B ran ch D&VtdUUS, wfaai WB 5 her 

first reaction? She said that she had 
received information about child 
abuse among the Davidiana. 

She subsequently backed off the 
claim. Yet her initial reaction was 
revealing. Faced with more than 
85 dead, she invoked the crime of 

child abuse. It may have been a 
slaughter, but think of what it was 
meant to stop. 

This is essentially what the Me- 
nendez brothers and Mrs. Bobbitt 
are saying. These two trials, truly 

braclhh^^nK^defeose in cacli 
would overturn perhaps the most 
fundamental principle erf tew: that 
the law does not sanction revenge. 
Indeed the very purpose of law is to 

pat an end to revenge. 

Tlw point of a crimmal trial is to 
take retribution oni erf the hands of 
the victim and erf the relatives. Thc- 
purpose of criminal law is to tran- 
scend personal revenge by meting 
out justice in public fomms, ac- 
cording to pubhdy agreed criteria, 
adjudicated publicly for dismter- 

Thfl Menendez and the Bobbitt 
cases —assuming the tales of previ- 
ous victimization are true — repre- 
sent attempts to justify the most 
primitive revenge under the gttise of 
sdf-defensa If they succeed we will 
have token political correctness to 
its ultimate extreme; to the paint 

lywrrea victimization, the laws no 
tongff apply. Vengeance is die 
Loru s — and Lorena's. 

Washington Post Writers Group. - 

The necessary steps are dear and 
have been pan of CLS. policy at one 
time or another tins yean lift the 
arms embargo u gahnu the Bosnian 
government, enforce the no-ffight 
zone, use air strikes to silence Serbi- 
an artillery, and use “all necessary 
means” to ensure defivery of hu- 
manitarian aid. . 

' The State Department has raid 
that more than 4 nrillian fives are at 
stake this winter in the farmer Yu- 
goslavia. NATO can ease, if not 
stop, the suffering.. 

State Department am- policy toward 
Bosnia. He is currently executive iff- 
rector rf the American Committee to 
Sore Bosnia. He contributed this 
carman to lhe Washington Post 

about North Korea’s ability to deliv- 
er a nudear strike as Ear as Japan. 
The feehngis that only with Qnnese 
help can Pyongyang be persuaded 
not to produce nudear weapons. 

Japan is deeply wonted about the 
fixture of the Spratty Idands, which are 
believed to be rich in ail and natural 
gas. China, Vidbaam,^ Taiwan, the Pbfl- 
ippincs, Indonesia and Brand claim 
some or afl of the island chain. 

The archipelago lies across the di- 
rect shipping line between Tokyo and 

the Indian Ocean. IXstnxbances (here 
could disrupt vital snpphes of csl 
from the Guff. Although Beyxng 
claims sovereignty over all the is- 
lands, the various chrinwmfti have 
agreed to settle the dispute without 
resort to force: The Japanese would 
be particularly ala rm e d , however, 
were the United States to reduce the 
size of the 7th Fleet 
The Defense Agency in Tokyo be- 
came deeply alarmed not long ago 
whenBc^y -K speix openly of punhas- 
ing an aircraft carrier from Ukraine. 
BW budgetary problems in Qma, and 
a shortage of skilled engineers and 
technkaaiB proved a hindrance. 

. The 'Japanese news media have 
largely overlooked a report which 
Tetsno Maeda, a leading military an- 
ahrst, says is “shafcog up to be a 
C li nt o n Doctrine for Asian security.” 
In a speech July TO to the South 
Korean National Assembly, thepres- 

By A. M. Rosenthal 
T EW YORK — On Sunday, the 

Mr. Assad is also one of the world's 

. most experienced kflUers. Does that 
matter? Should it matter enough to 
Biff rKpum to shape what he says 
to Mr. Assad? . 

is prdbsfiy the world’s champion 
MiW aill m practice. Mostly beoBs 
‘Syrians. Over a few particularly fruit- 
ful days in 1982 he JriDed about 
20,000 of them in^ one dty alone. 

opportunities do not come 
yinng every day. But since he has 
been m. total power for about ,25 
years, Mr. Assad has done away witit 

as many people who caqH w s s c d ai ss at- 

fofartwn with Us rale as suited Us 
fancy. God knows bow many. But no 
human estimate is possibte ' 

Not can anybody giv e the nu mber 
of Syrians he has put to torture by his 
secret po&oe. But the number who 
live police control with no right 

ro tate, wide or assemble in freedom - 
is easQy estimated — 15 mfllkn, 
which is the population of Syria. 

All the while, Mr. Assad has been 
aHr rrimA Trfa lriflfog field outside 
Syria by homing , training and arm- 
ing about a dozen, terrorist groups 
t m fn around the Middle East. 

Mr. CEnton arid tbe State Depart- 
ment believe that because of thenrai- 
or of meeting with the president of 
the United States, the president of 
Syria win do kindly things toward 

And certainly the Israeli govern- 
ment, having decided that for peace it 
must deal with Palestinians it once 
fought as kflters.of Israelis, has no 
objection to Mr. Clinton dealing with 
a. man who mostly km* Syrians. 

Some Americans obvkxisly do not 
thtnlc Mr. Assad’s record is a para- 
mount matter. Richard Murphy, for- 
mer UJS. ambassador to Syria, wrote 
an On-Ed niece for The New York 

•ector of de American Committee to an Op-Ed piece for The New York 

Save Bosnia. He contributed this Times (IHT, Jan. 14) an the impor- 

^L^Jhe Washington Posl tance !rf dealing whh Mr. Assad, 

• • without a sohtaiy word about Mr. 

Assad’s style erf government, let alone 
: Ihs taste for IbDmg and tenorism. He 
>\|7 . . . treatedhim asff he were prime minis- 

- I N b- ta<rf Denmark ot some such place: 

At a Washington seminar on the 

P VCl amton-Assad meeting, ttaw fanner 

high U.S. diplomats speaking for an 
j. * .. .hour arid knaff never mentioned Mr. 

• Assad’s penchant for nmxder and tor- 

ture. I guess his a matter of taste and 
3 '. bc£efs. Mine lead me to nausea when 

• vv-V- £'' ' I see a U5L president — Mr. Clinton 

■ ' ... or Presidents Nixon, Carter or Bush 

J before Hm ^ travel to honor and 

C? pomp on a marTWho e$tatflfebed£Syr- 

V j , . ta an me small, select U.S. list of 

-sp ' 'terrorist nations. 

Ills difficult to see anjr other last*. 
j ing result from the meeting than to 

demean the United States, Mr. GBn- 
. . . ton and his political values and to 

bolster Mr. Assad's. If Mr. Assad 
v\ Min' *■» something new to say or offer, 

why dsc than for his own prestige 
jjjggsggg . d oesjm^n ecd the presence of the 

' Secretaries of state have ears 
Jjfiu »Pta|n||HHH and mouths Must U.S. presidents be 

x presented before the Syrian dictator 

KfiJW to satisfy his egp and his status in 

the hfiddte East? 

. • People who understand Syria’i 
_ • prestdent say that anything be does 

after the Qinton visit wiB be exactiy 
the I ndia n Oce an. DfcUirt au ccs there what he would have done without it. 

could disnmt vital snpjrftes of oil Maybe Mr. Asrad win get around to 
fnan the - Guff. Although Beijing keeping bis broken promise to let all 
cl aim s sovereignty over all the is- Synan Jews leave tbe country. 

l a nd s , the various claimants have I hope Presidrat Qinton aocs not 
agreed io settie the dispute without say thank yon but says instead that 

resort to force. The Japanese would it would have been better if Mr. 
be paiticolariy al arm e d , however, Assad had allowed Jews and other 
were the United States to reduce (be . Syrians to stay without fear in their 
size of the 7th Fleet own homeland. 

The Defense Agency In Tokyo be- Mr. Assad's ermc emfon might be to 
rame dogrfy alarmed not tong ago accept the idea of a phased Israeli 
when B eyng sp ckc openly of purchas- withdrawal from the G^nHei^ite 

mg an aircraft carrier from Ukraine, fa wvrhanp* he ™«y ^ rnryt rciy 
Bm budgetary probkms in Qnna, and to discuss just what he means by 

a jtortB ge of skilled engineers and . peace with Israel — Eke e mbassies 
te uit i kaan s proved a hindrance. and trade, not just a piece erf paper 

■ tbe ‘Japanese news, media, have ~ and occasional cod nods. . 
largely overlooked a report which If Mr. Qinton has sofoe time for a 
Tetsno Maeda, a tenting mfl itagyan- little reading before he sees Mr. Ai- 

aly«, says ia ^ shakin g up to be a sad I suggest the report of Middle 
Qmton Dorame for Asian security” East Waldt, a cormmttre (rf.Human' 

Kgttr WatdL Tbc subjects covered 
Kore an Na tional A&wiidrfy, tfac presr Human ri ghts workers get long 

id cnt prop osed a U^-todmiffteter- .prison sentences. Thirty-year 3 

anx&ncy. Prolong^Smtion 
scconw mragements with Amen- without charaes or triaL Prisonsofl 

to scrntin y- Kurds andPales- 
^ •Inflperaode" the US.-Ja- tmian minorities — - dtecrinunation 

and persecution. Torture and death 

rathnsms m nw for toe prtgect. Bat in pnson. 

KSSifrSvT’- ^ rt T “ know S ^ toother,, they would make an 

International Herald Tribune. The 

■ '™r.v ' 



' V.'-." 



- 'V< ' 

present, after wqnng Hs hand 
. . . The New York Times. 


1894: An Impei^ Critic 

BERLIN — The case of Professor 
von Sybd, who has just resigned his 
pwtasChtef of the State Archives, 
confirms the strained state of the re- 
lations between the Emperor and the 
tt-C h a n cdlor [Prince Otto von Bis- 

dm prize was pram^ted'for^^^ 
to adnrimsta a lesson to hnn on ac- 
count of the “Bismaidtian tendra-' 
. ties^of his wotk, “The Fonwfing of 
flie Gennan Entpire Under Wfcn 
&e FasL- Tbe title alone was suffi- 
amt totfisplease tl»yonng Emperor, 
who thought that it should tefeeca 
qyairfrirt toiler WiiHmn the FnsL 

don s of- the Far East. Qnna desired 
three delegates at the Peace Crafer- 
enoe. Japan was opposed to any dhect 
tqy g e ntetioD for the By the 

decision wlndtadnnts die Qnnese die 

hopedfor, but H has won a 
vktey and “saved fact" h 

1944: A Silent Plane? . 

LONDON ; — [From our New Yak 

SS V n<ter Wffluun f hrou l fa London’s ar-raid defenses 

the Fast The tide alone was suffi- last mgu fJan. 141 and dropped a 

^ T 01 ® 1 ? Enqjeror, - branb on a crowded inotkat-tacture 

by arid not under William (he KbcsL Kphi g sewn persons and iignri eg 

1070 . .. ec « . No alert was sottmted, 

iVAVS- Uona avesFace’ s^therewasunnteffilft<^4p®® , ^^ 

PARK --nrededsioa taken at the 

mei^of the Supreme K ™ 

toaMtwoOrineraddetiai^SS m aewS^W 

Peace. Cotfcreoce 

wfaidt for weeks has been rmwfag . ettatoI suburbaTEontfon wahoui 
faction between the two . great na-' 

of the radio tocafioo ^stem. 


i "w.. 





i a«J-T 

. * y , 

. . * **• 

i * ' 

In Syria, a Trip Through Time 

hvemaaonal Herald Tribune 

P ARIS —There is an irre- 
sistible hire to the scrutiny 
of the very distant pest 
and objects fingered by 
oilmans, many thousands of years 
ago. They speak of ancient creeds 
and are, for some, covered with 
scripts long forgotten. 

“Syne; Mfimoire et Civilisation,” 
at the Instimt du Monde Arabe 


ontil April .30, allows a dizzying 
trip through time. Syria is arguably 
(iu oldest avilizatkm in the world, 
with a continuous Jingoistic devel- 
opment in the' same area, doco- ' 
tnenied in writing from.the middle 
of the third miZlennmm B.C. 

But art begins very rimch «nr pe r t 
around 8000 B- G. It starts with the. 
small figure of a woman holding up 
her breasts. It was h aefcad from a 
block of white stone by a craftsman 
from an unknown culture, groping 

(or the shape with difficulty. The 
theca must have haunted the com- 
munities that Hved in that pan of 
the world. Three mfllenmn or so 
lata, small earthenware figures of 
women lifting their breasts, this 
time in seated posture, were being 
molded. The fumbling feel is gram 
The sculpture is primitive but sHTI - 
ful in its own toms. 

Artistic skill had undoubtedly ar- 
rived. In the Palmyra area, some- 
thing Eke the first nfawarail age of 
mankind dawned, if r-hworiy i is 
defined by mastery of f am, propor- 
tion and material The titty head of a 
land of fidd rat carved out of mar - 
ble is astounding for its subtly mod-. 

ulated planes and its suggested ex- 
pression of fearful alertness. A rnn 
2.8 centimeter long (1.1 indies), the 
object — made to be iamg the back 
of the head is carved with a loop to it 
— ranks among the early world 
masterpieces of aminal art 

Another piece requiring great sfdfl 
was created by the same cnhnre.Ibe 
small stone bowl with low. rounded 
walls would satisfy the most de- 
manding collector of sophisticated 
porcelain from Song China. The ad- 
mirable shape seems to herald some 
of the mettu bowls of tiK.eariy Is- 
lamic period The gap> in time is so 

huse as to ™W the parallel appear 
tobe pure aatradorce. 

. The stone bowl raises, as do oth- 
’ er works of art nf the show, one of 
the most elusive yet compelling 
' questions in the history of old cul- 
tures: To what degree is there not 
just acoatinuity through Afferent 
phases, but a permanence of aes- 
thetic perception? la the most dis- 
taut periods, continuity is hard to 
verify because little survives. Look- 
ing at small cylinder-seals 
carved aroand3200 to 3100 B. C in 
Northern Syria, one is strode by a 
kind of classical perfection. The 
sense of .proportion, the subtle 
modeling are there in a tiny scale, 
as they were in the fidd-m head 
2,600 years earlier. 

By the third rmHenphrm 3. c. 
large- scale sculpture was wdl es- 
tablished. It drew oD the models of 
Sumer, in what is now son than 

artistic fed itco^1!o<& strikingly 
different- The wide-eyed alabaster 
fignre of Ishri-Mari, king of Maxi, 
around 2500B. C. is the doses! that 
Syrian art came to that of Sumer. 
- Bat the frozen unsmiling face be- 
longs to another world. 

Some 400 years later, the statue 
of a king called Ishtop-Hum was 
carved out of black basalt standing 
in the same posture as Ishgi-Mati 
The eyebrows are raised as if in 
ghastly surprise. Bags under the 
eyes, deep furrows running from 
the nose to the tips drawn down- 
wanlconveyajniitnreof weariness 
and anxiety. There is none of the 
serenely dhmjinated smiles of Su- 
merian «thcra.. 

About 30Q years separate the 
tary foundin a temple ai Ebla. The 
eyes look wider than ever, the Ops 
are pursed, the dfetrangjbt stare is 
rigidity. Aslime wart by, there may 
have been a conscious return to thie 
past to oonjure up these images of 
inner anxiety.. A monimiental ba- 
salt figure of the ninth century 
B. C. was discovered in 1979 near 
the Turkish border. 

The “King” of jGuzana, as he 
calls himself in his language, Ara- 
maic, or the “governor,” as he says 
more modestly in the Akkadian 

Statue of Ishtup-Uum. 

version that could be read by his 
Assyrian overlords, stands with 
much the same expression, as Ish- 
top-Dum in the 22d century B. C 
The stare, the furrows of anxiety, 
the tips bftterfy drawn down can be 
recognized. The archaistic styliza- 
tion of the hairdo miHeHines the 
continuity of a modi earlier past, 
probably defiberatdy so. 

Alongside gloom, a sense of deri- 
sion was another constant of Syrian 
art It already appears in the royal 
palace erected at Ebla in the 25th 
century B. C The marble inlays re- 
covered by the archaeological 

Helmut Newton, Ever Provocative 

By David Galloway, , 

“W“ T AMBURQ — With a ■ 

- J. - Tftmszxaive q£. marc 

“tHan 2fXTxvoifa that 
JL -A. wtB be cri lotti-m Eu- 
rope throughout. 1994, Hehnnt 
Newton has aeon confirmed his 
ability to provoke shoddos ctf mor- 
al outrage. . . . . . • 

Praficiably, it fc not his edebnty 
portraits or his quirky Jngh-fasfckn 
scenarios that fa mnpt t he iccofl. but 
his uQubaithgd p* fe ition of the fe- 
male nude. Germany’s femzmst 
press has launched a Irasial 
on Newton’s fieriMnoagpring ex- 
ploitation of women, often 
equipped with sadomasochistic ac- 
cessories. and his voyeuristic “key- 
hole documentaries" of erotic ex- - 
pennant. ■ ■ v 
What such critics are wont to 
overlook is tiwrpawerof Newton’s 
subjects, who udnde the body 
braider lisa Lyon. Strong self-as- 
sertive and -posed, his Efeomed ~ 
. “Big Nrries” may be the expresrion 
ctfmale fantasy, out they arc hardly 
its defensekss vkrimsL 

And tf . viewers we disconcerted 
by his fantasies, the photographer 
is imfazed.-'lt means I’ve managed 
to stake them out of their leihar- . 
gy ” he said. 

Part of Newton's success as a 
. fashion . photographer is . that he 
communicates the inherent eroti- 
cism that is a ^ding principle of 
haute couture. The point is under- 
scored by a Mir erf wnks from 1981 

entitled, “They Come Dressed" 
and “They Come Nude," in which 
a quartet of models strike dasacal- 
-jy- bias6 runway poses — - first 
doihcd, then unclothed, but still 
wearing the spike-heeled shoes that 

are an indispensable accessory in 
Newton’s view of female sexuality. 

“Brescia Dressed 11:00 A: M-’ r 
and “Brescia Undressed 12:30 
P. M.” vary the motif with a angle 
model descending a staircase. Hois, 
however, die outdoor setting, in- 
trudes a surrealistic note through 
the abbreviated shadow, cast by 
high-noon codity- ’ ■' • 

Voyeurism is an aspect . of ms 
worb that Newton ieaffily. 
otnnting to his adtmr^»J<»f *** 
g^veaciiicvtancnts of the papa, 
rani, as well as to BrassaTs noctur- 

Newton photo (detail) of 
Yves Saint Laurent design. 

nalstudies of the seamier comas 
of Paris. - 

In his “Self-Portrait, -Valentino 
Place,” the trench-coated photog- 
rapher fiterafly becomes the ob- 
server of his straddle-legged model 
— - a setf-ironizing “dirty eBd-man’’- 
motif that rectos in the “Stndy of 
Voyeurism” that Newton produced 
far Playboy magazine m 1989. 
Hoe, as so often in his work, urir- 
ron offer tantalizing glimpses of 
figures outride the camera’s range. 
It is tinmhaneouriy a voyeuristic 

and a narcissistic device that New- 
tem uses to great effect “I .think 


.. ..TO 



women assume marvelous expres- 
sions when they look at them- 
sefves,” he explains. “They lose 
ftemselycs in then: own image.” 

- "Stv Tool'd© ' many of Newton’s 
male subjects. In 1987, in a kind of 
reprise of Dmian Gray, Newton 
produced a portrait of the printer 
Bolero, brush in hand and staring 
into ft canvas-sized mirror propped 
on an eased. Because Botero is joined 
hereby a protective companion, the 
image loses something of the terrify- 
ing intimation of mortality that is 
almost palpably present m New- 
ton’s study of die actor Helmut 
Berger, made in 1984. Berger 
: stands, unde, before a nun- cued nre- 
’ place, warmed by an artificial fire 
; and looking over his shoulder to 
: admire his own reflection. 

Becanse he favors real settings, 
the erotic dimension of Newton's 
celebrity expos& can sometimes be 
unintentionally, even comically, di- 
verted by the clutter of everyday 
. life. Cozy domesticity undercuts 
the sexuality in Newton’s view of 
Berger, where a prissfly correct 
Dower arrangement dominates the 

Like Andy Warhol, whose sex- 
part Pdaroids amount to a genital 
tl Wbo’s Who. - ” Newton has a talent 
for persuading his subjects to let h 
alL hang out “My role as a portrait 
photographer," be asserts, “is to 

Newton first acquired such 
tricks of the trade in Berlin, where 
in 1936 be became an apprentice to 
Yva, one of Germany’s foremost 
fashion and -portrait photogra- 
phers. As a Jew. he was soon forced 
to flee the Nazis, beginning an od- 
yssey that took him from Germany 
to Australia, Paris, New York and 
Monte Carlo. 

Hiswork is both inconsistent and, 
at moments, curiously flat. In com- 
parison to Robert Mapplethorpe, 
Newton’s idea of an erotic binge 
seems more like a Girl Scout bake- 
off. His celebrity portraits are some- 
times inspired, as in the view of 
Nalassia Kinski offering her breast 
to a Marlene Dietrich doR bat 
many seem curiously routine. And 
in Newton’s study of Helmut Kohl 
the German chancellor's resem- 
blance to a beached whale is the 
stuff that gives parody a tad name. 

hnmn r nor h u m an ism num- 
ber among Newton’s conspicuous 

“ Helmut Newton” is at Ham- 
burg’s Deichtor Halls through Jan. 
23-, the Josef Albers Museum in Bot- 
trop, March 6-May J5; the Photog- 
raphy Museum in Winterthur, June 
10-Aug. 21, and the Costello <8 Ri- 
voh in Turin, October-December. 

David GaBoway is an art critic 
and free-lance curator based in \ 
Wuppertal, Germany. 

new Art from China - post 1989 

request. Prior tachul to gposuge£12 
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London WSfiPQ -- 
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Owners who axe planning counterpart .gallery jn tfte USA 
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inforirnatioiT available. 

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U Shan Rouge Young Mao wab tooa. OO on Canna 122x155 on 
First London Exhibition 

7 December 1993. -12' February 1994 

Illustrated , catalogue available 

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Hong Kong. Fax: 



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FAX: 07I43V415XTELEX: V167I1 ! 

International Herald Tribune 
Saturday' -Sunday, January 15-16. 1994 

Page 7 

teams project a cartoonist's vision 
of subjects as grave as war — a 
soldier trampling upon the body of 
an enemy — or mythical bangs 
loaded with a religious symbolism. 

These characteristics of the Syri- 
an via on persisted through the 
most sweeping stylistic changes. 
They survived even Alexander’s 
conquest and the adoption of Hel- 
lenistic conventions. In the marble 
statue of a woman in drap es from 
Apamea. the sad expression, which 
drags down the extremities of her 
Ups, echoes faint memories of past 

The metamwphosis could also be 
quite radical. The oasis of Palmyra 
mid its multiple schools of sculpture 
from the first century AD. on bear 
witness to the vigor of the Syrian 
vision. A funerary bas-relief shows 
two brothers full front, with big eyes 
hypnotically s t aling and gnflmg 
faintly. With its stylized curly hair, 
one of the two could almost be an 
apostle in relief attached to some 
12th-century silver reliquary from 
Medieval Europe. 

Another bas-relief found in a pit 
under the temple of Bd probably 
dates from A D. 25. Squat figures 
wear drapes stylized rhythmically 
as they were at Fersepolis in the 
sixth century B. C. Their heads are 
surrounded by huge halos of radi- 
ant light later adopted by Christian 
Europe. The stares and the frozen 
smite re tain something of the dis- 
tant millennrrmi B. C. They 
also herald Romanesque figures of 
12th-century France, perhaps not 
by coincidence. The Crusaders 
spent more than 200 years in those 
areas, determined to impose their 
reading of a message that Jesus had 
preached in Aramaic, the language 
of all Semitic lands at dmi potnL 

The show barely skims the sur- 
face of Syrian art in the Byzantine 
period, to which its contribution, 
utterly different from that of Chris- 
tianized Greece, has yet to be ac- 
knowledged. The Islamic period, 
equally important and original but 
tardy studied as an independent 
art form, is dealt with in the same 
allusive mode. Some stories are just 
too complex to be told at one go. 

A Sorcerer’s Couture Photo Op 

As Shows Start, Reaching the Media Is the Message 

By Suzy Menkes 

Iniemouonal Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — The would-be king is sur- 
rounded by his entourage and a 
handful of respectful reporters. The 
blonde with the sly smile and stun- 
ning legs is mobbed by TV cameramempbo- 
tographers and reporters. That old Chuck 
and Di story? No, this is Karl Lagerfeld being 
upstaged by the supermodd Claudia Schiffer. 

The press conference that Chanel gave Fri- 
day at the new underground fashion complex 


at the Louvre was supposed to raise the veil 
on the spring-summer couture shows that 
open Saturday. Instead it became a French 
farce as lenses focused on Schiffer and two 
supposed rivals and Lagerfeld parried in 
French. English and Goman questions like 
“Are you here to announce Claudia's retire- 
ment’’ or “Will Claudia be wearing short 
skirts this season?" 

La Schiffer said that at 23 sbe was too young 
to bow out, and showed off her new oocfic 
chaste navy pants, a red tweed jacket and 
shapely bodice fastened with a zipper. A zip- 
per? In haute couture? Oh, just for the show, 
explained a Chanel spokesman, to protect the 
at^ile bosoms id case they popped oul Dam. 
another ntiw-d photo opportunity. 

The event seemed a microcosm of couture 
today, what reaching the media is the mes- 
sage. Chanel's stunt had originally been 
planned to counteract the publicity given to 
other houses that agreed to participate in the 
simultaneous transmission by sateUiteof cou- 
ture shows lo the United' States. Jacques 
Moudier, president of the Chambre Syndi- 
cate announced Tuesday that the deal was 
off because Event Media, the American orga- 
nization, had failed to come tm with the first 
payment A ringside seat at the runway was 
apparently a tough sdL 
Screening the shows like a boring match 
had been designed to defray costs in order to 
lure designers to the Louvre and its four 
purpose-bum talk off a glossy shopping 
man, with its inverted glass pyramid But 
hoe. too, lies controversy. Yves Saint Lau- 
rent Christian Lacroix and Valentino reject- 
ed the Carrousel du Louvre as unsuited to the 
spirit of couture: 

Meanwhile, Pierre Cardin, the most pub- 
licity- seeking of designers, shows Monday to 
120 clients and only 10 hand-picked journal- 
ists, with all photographers banned. Cardin 
claims that he wants to take couture back to 
the privacy of 30 years ago and is determined 
to protect his 150,000-franc dresses from 
copyists. At the press conference, Lagerfdd 
responded by saying that was “like a woman 
with no lovers asking for the pilL" 
Mtie-a-mmute Lagerfeld also said that he 
would do the costumes for a Francis Ford 

Afidrcv Timm 

Lagerfeld with Claudia Schiffer (left) and rival models at the Louvre. 

Coppola film of “Pmocchio”; that new young 
clients of couture were flooding in, and that 
be was not at all discomforted by.tbe success 
of the supermodds. 

“Tm the sorcerer's apprentice — nobody 
pushed those girls as much as I did, and I 
would like people to look at the clothes while 
I disappear into the shadows." be claimed. 

Surprisingly, the client side of couture is on 
a roll. Giancarlo Giammetti of Valentino, 
based in Rome, says that orders were up 30 
percent for the fall-winter season. Lacroix 
already has three major wedding-dress com- 
missions to complete immediately after his 
show Sunday. Gianni Versace, showing Sat- 
urday. says that he has picked up Mexican 
clients. All the houses ate mega-rich Latin 
American clients (mostly from Mexico and 
Venezuela) plus the return of the Lebanese, 
as the catalysts for the sudden boost. 

It is the paradox of couture that new young 
clients with half a million dollars to scatter 
like sequins do not secure the future of a 

house. The only point of mounting a show-biz 
spectacular is for ibe worldwide coverage. In 
an attempt to reinforce its strong position in 
Asia (60 percent of sales) Guy Laroche has 
taken Michel Klein as its new designer. 
Another newcomer this session is the 30-year- 
old Gerald Watelet, a Belgian couturier.* who 
shows Wednesday. 

Hubert de Givenchy, flush with the S26 
million sale of his furniture at Christie’s in 
December, shows Tuesday — while the 
house’s president. Richard ’Simonin, is con- 
sidering how to handle Givencfay's retirement 
in 1995. Yves Saint Laurent has recovered 
from pneumonia and from his dash with 
France's cha m p a gne growers, whose injunc- 
tion against the use of the name "Cham- 
pagne" for fragrance proved a publicity coup. 

Acoording to financial sources in London. 
Investcorp is in discussion with Bernard Ar- 
nault to purchase Celine. A company spokes- 
man said Friday that the story was a rumor, 
but there was no official denial. 

Modigliani in London 

The Associated Press h uman figure and indue 

L ONDON — After a sue- The exhibition is draw] 
cessful run in Venice, a drawings made in Par 
cache of drawings by 1906 and 1914 
Amedeo Modigliani that The academy has ; 

The Associated Press 

L ONDON — After a suc- 
cessful run in Venice, a 
cache of drawings by 
Amedeo Modigliani that 
were preserved by a doctor friend 
went cm show Friday at the Royal 
Academy of Arts in London. 

The late Dr. Paul Alexandre be- 
friended Modigliani and other art- 
ists and gave them a house on Roe 
du Delta in Paris in which to live 
and work. 

AD 24] exhibited works, mostly 
in peocD and black wash, are of the 

human figure and include portraits. 
The exhibition is drawn from 450 
drawings made in Paris between 
1906 and 1914 

The academy has added one 
sculpture, of a woman's head from 
the Chester Dale collection in the 
National Gallery of Ait in Wash- 
ington, and flanked it with 10 
sketches to show how Modigliani 
envisaged it before he began to 
carve the limestone. 

The show runs through April 4, 
then continues on a tour around 
the world. 

«|i French 4* 
* Art Week * 

Anio/ne-Loms Baryc ( 1 <P6- 18751. 

Tigrv chassanf. wa/enco/our. 

Sold at Christie's London in November 1992 for f59.JOQ. 

C HRISTIE'S has sold great works of French 
Art in London since 1766. This year, we will 
be holding a week of sales devoted to French 
Art from 6-10 June 1994. It will bring together 
French pictures primarily of the 17th. 18th and 
early 19th Centuries as well as Old Master and 
19th Century drawings, prints, fine French 
furniture, docks, tapestries and wine. 

The week will focus international attention on 
London and offers a unique opportunity to 
both buyers and sellers. Entries are invited and 
can be accepted until 15 March. 

For further information, please contact Kate 
Eckett on 14471) 389 2129. 


Civilization and the Furies of Nationalism 

In his new book, William Pfoff, acclaimed long-time 
political columnist for (he International Herald Tribune, 
analyzes the rise - and the future - of modem nationalism. 

'The Walter Lippmann of his generation, offers a lucid and 
scintillating account, richly informed by history, of... the 
most potent political emotion of the age.” Arthur 
Schlesinger, Jr. 

"... a profoundly thoughtful and deeply Felt book.' Walter 
Russell Mead, The New York Times Book Review. 

'... speaks to the central problem of our age... I have not 
read anything so deeply upsetting, and yet so clarifying, as 
this stunning racf for our times.' Robert Heilbroner. 

Order your copies of THE WRATH OF NATIONS 
by mail, phone or fox from: 

The Village Voice, 6, rue Princesse, 75006 Paris. 

Phone: {33-1 ) 46 33 36 47; Fmc |33-1 ) 46 33 27 48. 

Price: Fr. francs 176 plus postage. Payment by Visa, 
MasterCard or American Express: give cord number 
and expiration date. 

auction sales 



yj-j 9, Rue Drouot, 75009 Paris -TeL: (1)48002020. 

Thursday, January 20, 1 994 

Room 10 al 2 p..m.. - IVtli & ifth Cent. PAINTINGS. MILLON-RORERT. 
19 Rue Oe la Grange BaieJfcre, 75009 PAWS. Td.: < 1 ) ^ Fax: 1 1 > 
-i8 .00.98. 58. 

Friday, January 21, 1994 

Room 6 Jt 2 pjn. - ARMAND TRAMPTTSCH Collection and otix-rs - 
SACHA GUITRY! - 12000 documents from 12nd to 20th Century. Expert 
M. A NICOLAS. On view at tire expen 'Les Neuf Muses’ - 4 1 qiui Ues 
Grands Augustins - 75006 PAWS from 1? lo 17 lanmry appointment ». 
Td • tit 43.2tLW.71 - Fax: (O ADERTAJAN. 12 rue F»?lt. 
75002 PAWS TeL: i.1> 42.6150.07 - Fax (1> 42.6l.39 ? 7 In New York 
plerere contact Kerry Maisonrouge & Co. Inc. 16 East 65lh Suva, fifth 
floor. N Y. 10021. Phone. (212) 737.35.97/737^8.13 - Fax: 1212 1 Sil.H.M. 

Monday, Jrawcvy 24, 1994 

Room 15 ’ 31 2:15 p.m. FURNITURE & ODfETS D'ART including l»T0s 
Italian Furniture. ADERTAJAN, 12 rue Eavait. 75002 PARIS TeL tli 
i2.nJ SO 07. . Fax- f J) 42.6139 57 In New York please cmtact Ketty 
Mjeocuouge & Co Inc. 16 FJR 65lh Street, fifth floor, N.Y. 10021. Phone 
1212 J 737.35 V7/737-3S. 1J. ■ Fa* (212) 86l.l4.34. 

■ Wechiesday, Jammy 26, 1994 

Rooms 5 * 6 31 2 15 p-m. - 17th, 18th, Iftli CenL FURNITURE & OBJFTC 
IT AFT. Experts MM. O. Le Fud ctR.dc CEspfe. ADERTAJAN, 12 rue 
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Ynrfc please contact Kray Malsontoupe & Co. Inc. 16 Fast (fall Street, fifth 
floor. N.Y. 10021. Phone: t213 73735.97/757.38 13 - Fax.- 1 21 2 1 8M.U3-L 

Thursday, Jramcsy 27, 1994 


8 Kine Street. St. James's, London SWIY tiQT 
Tel: (4471) 839 WW Fax: (4471) 839 Kill 

Room 10 at 2:15 p.m. - JEANNE Jt ROREKT-JEAN CHARLES ESTATE - 
FURNTFITKE it OlijETS 11 'ART - Waiercolors, Paintings. Coins ADER 
TAJ AN, 12 rue Favart. 75002 PARIS. Td.: Ill 12.6 I.h 0.O7 - Fax: (11. 
42.6l.3P.57. In New York pksise enraaa Keny Mateaunuee & Cn fw Hi 
Fjea ffah Str«t, fifth floor. N.Y. 10021. Pinner (2121 ?3?.4S.«r.'?t7.4K.l 1 • 
Fax; 1212)861.1434 




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International Herald Tribune, Saturday-Sunday, January 15 - 16, 1994 

Puge 9 

THE THIS INDEX: 1 12,27ft 

pRn^i 01 ^! Tribune ■Wortd.Slocfc Index ©, composed of 
memabonally investabte stocks from 25 countries, compfled 
oy Bloomberg BusmessNews. Jan. 1,1992 = ioo. • 

120 — - • __ • 

„ Tv - : 

World Index 

: •‘• 4 ; 'r 4 ciCSl*: 1 12 - 
Previous: 1 1 0 . 3 ? 


j i t t »...«. .i ■:!*• i uvt. rl r-.4y».. 






Apprcw. freighting: 32% 
Close. 119.74 Piw.: tTfi.47 

The index tracks US dotar values of stocks in Tokyo, New York, London, end 
Argentina, Australia. Austria, Belgium, BnuU, Canada, Chile, Danmark; Finland, 

France. Germany, Hang Kong, Maty, Mearioo. Methartanda, New Zealand^ Norway, 
“ ‘ “ ■ - - - - j vatmueta. For Tokyo. Nw Ykrt and 

Singapore. Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and 
London, the index u composed of the SO lap. issue* Jn terms of market capuaSzatkrt, 
offwiwso me ten top stocks eta tracked. 

To Seek 

Firm to Raise Up 
To $1.2 Billion 

1 Imtustriat Sectors S 

Fit Pn*. % 

dma . rioai dnqi 


.. CflOM 


’■ % 


Eiwgy 411-90 .11154 + 0^2 

Capital Goods 




Utiffles -12152 11951+154 





Rnaw* H452 112.42 4157 

CumoRMr Goods 




Services 119.63 115.40 +1.04 





For mom intonnalton about the tadax,abooUBtisavaaabhbBBOfchaiije. 

Write to Tidi index, UH AvenuoCbadesdo Ga&^925Sl ffaidBy Cptax. France. 

O kuornational HetaJd Tribune 

Compiled by Our Staff From Disfrarha 

MILAN — Just months after a 
massive cash call, OBvetti SpA said 
Friday it would ask shareholders 
for a mandate to make new capital 
increases up to a total of 2 trillion 
lire ($1.2 billion). 

The Italian computer company 
said it would seek the right to raise 
up to 1 trillion lire in new share 
issues and I trillion lire in bonds 
over the next five years. The capi- 
tal-raising exercises could take 
place in more than one step. 

“The information industry is to- 
day in a process of profound 
change which requires extremely 
quick reactions on the part of com- 
panies.* Olivetti said in announc- 
ing the request 

Last March, when Olivetti said it 
was seeking 903 billion in fresh 
capital — an amount analysts 
found alarmingly large — its stock 
slumped nearly 20 percent as inves- 
tors dumped shares. In Jane, Oli- 
vetti raised 891.6 bilboo, about 98 
percent of its goal. 

The computer maker also said 
Friday that its sales increased 13 
percent last year, to 8.6 trillion, lire. 
That was the company's first rise in 
sales since 1990. 

Olivetti give no details about its 
earnings last year. In the first half 
of the year, it bad. a pretax loss of 
168.1 bflHoa lire, nearly doable the 
year-earlier level. 

f! Reuters, Bloomberg) 

■ BG Sale Is Set 

Despite election uncertainties and 
the resignation of Prime Minister 
Cario Azeglio Gampi, Italy an Fri- 
day pressed on with its privatization 
plans by announcing the sale of 
Banca Commerdale Italians, news 
agencies reported from Rome. 

The board of stale holding Isti- 
mto per la Ricostiuzione Indus- 
triate approved the sale of its en the 
majority stake, which win be of- 
fered on the market by the end of 
February. 1RI currently holds 57 
percent of ordinary shares and 42 
percent of the bank's savings stock. 

(Knight-Ridder, Reuters) 

Swatch for This Car 

Who’ll Help Build Hayek’s Dream? 

By Jacques Neher 

Irurmarional Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Is the SwaichmohUe ticking towards 
reality, or just marking time? 

The concept for a low-priced, stylish, environ- 
mentally correct car for the world's masses has 
been promoted by Nicolas Hayek over the past 
three years as the automotive equivalent of the 
Swatch watch he turned into an international mar- 
keting phenomenon in the late 1980s. 

After being spumed a year ago, when Volkswagen 
AG pulled out of a joint venture to bring the Swatch 
car concept to market, Mr. Hayek, chairman of 
SMH AG, promised he would announce a new 
partner. First he was going to do it within weeks, 
then within months, then by the end of the year. 

In fact, 1993 ended with no announcement Irom 
company headquarters in Bienne, Switzerland. 

Mr. Hayek now says an announcement of a deal 
with “either a European or American automaker” 
will come “by the end of February" and thai the 
Swatcb car wiD be on the market by “1996 or 1 997." 

With stockholders in SMH beginning to wonder 
about their investment. Mr. Hayek, a pro at media 
relations, is making sure that his idea stays alive in 
the public ima ginati on, perhaps, analysts suggest, 
to nudge forward an accord with a would-be auto- 
motive partner. 

On Friday, the German newspaper Die Welt 
described the first test-drive of the car — featuring 
a hybrid gasoline-electric power drive — and re- 
ported that General Motors Corp. and Mercedes- 
Benz AG were “the favorites" among auto compa- 
nies talking with Mr. Hayek. 

Mr. Hayek would not comment on the report, 
saying that “l*ve seen everyone but Volvo and 
Toyota named as our partner." 

A spokesman for General Motors Europe in 
Zurich would not comment, but Mercedes-Benz 
categorically denied it was talkin g with Swatch. 

Mr. Hayek said he had tried to get two mystery 
car companies to join with SMH in a three-way 
joint venture, but (hat they were hostile to the idea 
of working together. 

As a result, he said he now was waiting “for one 
of them to choose us." 

He said the discussions focused on a plan for 
SMH and the automaker to be “equal partners" in 
the equity of the joint venture, which would pro- 
duce the Swatch car aL new or existing auto plants 
in Europe and the United States. 

Mr. Hayek said his engineers and outside auto- 
motive consultants for the past year have been 
working on three different approaches that have 
been applied to "20 to 30" prototype models. 

T7ie overall concept, be said, calls for a car 
costing about 16,000 Deutsche marks ($9,150). It 
would feature low pollution emissions thanks to a 
hybrid system of battery and gasoline-powered 
motors that give buyers the range “to drive from 
Paris to Nice without stopping for a charge,” he 
said. That is about 900 kilometers (550 miles). 

Die Welt described the car as having an alumi- 
num chassis and a fiberglass body with a “paint 
job" consisting of a foil* that is melted onto the 
frame and can be easily removed for replacement 

See SWATCH Page 10 

Factory Output 
And Confidence 
Surge in U.S. 

Phone Space Race Heats Up 

By Richard Covington 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

Westinghouse Electric Corp. and 
a group of partners win announce 
Monday that they are joining the 
race among telecommunications 
companies to capture the saiefliie 
telephone market, according to 
company executives. 

Under a contract with Ellipse, a 
satellite company in Washington, 
Pittsburgh-based Westinghouse 
will supply antennae, raw and 
other ground-station equipment, 
said Gerald Hdman, an executive 
of EUipso's parent company. 

Westinghouse joins Harris Corp. 
of Melbourne, Florida, and Fair- 
child Space, a U.S. subsidiary of 
Matra-Hacbette of France, in part- 
nership with Effipso’s $700 motion 
venture. Harris is to build transpon- 

ders and the communications pay- 
load, and Fairchild the satellites. ' 

Ellipse's venture will make a 
competitive field even more crowd- 
ed. Si x pl ayers, including Motorola 
Inc_ TRW Inc„ Loral-Qualcomm 
and Ellipso, aspire to blanket the 
globe mth mobile phone service via 
satellite, starting as early as 1997. 
The networks are targeting devel- 
oping nations, where phone cover- 
age is thin. 

According to a report by Bar- 
clays de Zoete Wedd, the brokerage 
arm of Barclays Bank, half the 
world's population lives more than 
two hours from a telephone. 

The projected satellite networks 
are known as “big LEOs." for low- 
earth orbit. They will offer all the 
options of terrestrial systems — 
voice, facsimile, data and paging 
transmissions — using hand-held 

cellular phones that communicate 
directly with a satellite or a ground 
station-satellite combination. 

One major advantage to the big 
LEO systems is a marked reduction 
in the persistent echoes that make 
phone conversation via satellite so 
frustrating- Since they operate in 
lower orbits than geostationary sat- 
ellites, there is a briefer time delay 
for the signal to bounce from earth 
to satellite and back again. 

The cellular phones themselves 
will cost between 5800 and 51.000. 
For users who already have a cellu- 
lar phone, the add-on derice to 
convert to satellite use will run 
around $300. 

Neal Huliower. a communica- 
tions expert with Mitre Corp., 
based in Bedford, Massachusetts, 

See ORBITAL, Page 11 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

WASHINGTON — American 
factories last year made their big- 
gest production gains in five years, 
the government said Friday, as as- 
sembly lines speeded up in the 
fourth quarter to meet growing 
consumer demand. 

Industrial output rose 0.7 per- 
cent in December and 4.2 percent 
in the full year, the largest annual 
gain since 1988. the Federal Re- 
serve Board reported. 

Meanwhile, consumer confi- 
dence as measured by the Universi- 
ty of Michigan's index soared this 
month to 95.8, the highest reading 
in more than four years from 88.2 
in December. 

“The economy is in a deeply 
seated recovery," Charles Lieber- 
m an, an economist at Chemical Se- 
curities in New York. said. 
“There's very little possibility of 
this economy veering back into re- 
cession." Slock prices jumped in 
response to the news, but the 
benchmark 30-year Treasury bond 
fell as bond traders feared the 
stronger economy would bring 
higher inflation. Near the end of 
trading, the bond was down 15/32 
at 99 12/32. where its yield was 
6.30 percent, up from 6.26 percent 
on Thursday. 

American industries were run- 
ning at 83.5 percent of their capaci- 
ty in December, the Fed said, com- 
pared with 83 percent the month 
before — an increase that caused 
some concern among economists. 

It is a rule of thumb among some 
economists that when industry's 
capacity-utilization rate hits 85 
percent, manufacturers tend to feel 
substantial pressure to raise prices 
in response to higher labor costs 
and shortages of materials. 

But analysts were quick to add 
that they thought special factors 
would keep inflation relatively low 
through 1994. That, they said, was 
becuase more and more of the work 
manufacturers do is performed by 
machines, labor is still relatively 
cheap because of weak growth in 
employment and incomes, and fac- 
tories outside the United States are 
not producing heavily. 

The Labor Department reported 
Thursday that retail prices for 
goods and services rose a modest 
0.2 percent in December and 2.7 
percent in all of 1993, the lowest 
full-year inflation in seven years. 

The pickup in industrial produc- 
tion is being fueled bv the auto and 
housing industries. Car sales have 
risen 25 percent since August. 

(If PI. Bloomberg) 

Puts Cap on 
Dollar’s Rise 

By Carl Gewirtz 

Iniemunonal Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The dollar rose in Eu- 
ropean trading Friday, reaching a 
high of 1.7580 Deutsche marks be- 
fore retreating amid reported cen- 
tral bank intervention. 

Traders said do liar- selling by 
European central hanks and ner- 
vousness ahead of a three-day 
weekend in the United States were 
the reasons the currency had re- 
treated. But many said they expect- 
ed it to rebound and to go still 
higher, at least against the mark. 

In New York, the dollar fell to 
1.7503 Deutsche marks, down from 
1 .75 1 3 DM at Thursday's dose, and 
to 110.95 yen from 111.85 yen. It 
was unchanged at 1.4785' Swiss 
francs, but continued to gain slightly 
against the French franc, rising to 
5.9415 from 5.9385. The British 
pound fell to $1.4935 from $1 .4970. 

Traders said the Bundesbank 
was selling dollars to slow the cur- 
rency's rise. They also said the 
Bank for International Settlements 
in Basel Switzerland, was selling, 
the currency. The German central 
bank and the BIS did not comment. 

The Bank of France also was-’ 
said to be buying marks, in its con- 
tinuing effort to rebuild the for- 

See DOLLAR, Page 10 


Who’s Minding the Store? 

. By Anthony .Williams ... 


F RANKFURT — The roleof the bankets 
who supervise German indnstnr ..has 
came under scrutiny as critics ask why 
Metallgesdlschaft AG, one of the coun- 
try's largest companies, was aDowed to drift to tbe 
bnnk of bankruptcy. 

Germany’s bankers have a powerful say over 
companies tteough their seats on die supervisory 
boards that hire and fire top executives mid ap- . 
prove major corporate deosoos. 

While the bankers protest that they can pass 
judgment only on the basis of mfornutioa received 
from management, one business weekly- has sug- 

gested that thesystem is hrcalriqg. down. . 

“ zine Wirtschaftswoche noted that Me- 
1K ’- — — “■ — "• ’ had - voted 

unanimously to exienu me wmuati ax w 
ay's chief executive, Heinz Srhhrnridbusch, in No- 
vember, only to decide, again unanimously, to 
dismiss him a month later; - 
“Wheo Germany’s sopervisqty boards fafl, then 
they do so \wMmim nusly " the magazine said. 

Otto Lambsdorff, a former economics minister, 
said this week that the cozy relationship between 
supervisory and managerial boards meant that 
executives had been left to act more or less as they 
pleased. • — * 

Even critics of the system acknowledg e ihat n o 
supervisor can-be immune to the sort of c rimin a l 
machinations that have led to major scandals, ai 
German companies in the past - - „ 

Bui it is the extent of Melaflgeseflschafrs nMS- 
ave operating losses, which came to light omy after 
Mr. Schimmdbusdi was fired, that critics say is 
most worrying from the point of view of supem- 
non by the bankers. The oogrt»« 
KarLJosef Neuldrchea, says about baU of the Lb 
fri hrm Deutsche mark ($1.03 Taudn) loss for the 

financ ial year ended Sept. 30, came from normal 
operations, with the rest attributed to thecal deals. 

. Hans Peter Wodniok, a Frankfurt financial ana- 
lyst, said part of the problem lay in Mr. Sdummel- 
busdh’s charm and bis ability to market both 
himself and the company he took along a path of 
headidnggqwiision after he became chief execu- 
tive in 1989. 

Mr. Sdrimmelbuscb had covered up weaknesses 
at the company by convincing the supervisory 
board that extraordinary gamms* from sales of 
subsidiaries and real-estate were operating profits. 
“I thxnkthe supervisory board was loo credulous,” 
Mr. Wodniok said. 

- Michael Broker, an analyst at Bank Julius Baer, 
said .that the supervisory board “accepted Schim- 
njribusch’s poiicy of expansion and diversification 
for too long.” It sbonld have asked why internal 
restru^ming measures were making only very slow 
progress, he said, 

. Mr. Lambsdorff, economic aff airs spokesman of 
Geraaany*s Free Democratic Party and president 
of an investors’ lobby group, also referred specifi- 
cally to the cperatinglosses. 

“You have to ask »Vhere were the auditors and 
-where was the supervisory board? 1 " he fold the 
newspaper Handdsblau. 

While inadequate supervisory board control is 
not a purely German phoKmenan, Mr. Lambs- 
darff said, tbe dose links between banks and 
industry were specific to the country. 

. The bankas who hand out corporate credits, 
control shareholder voting rights, lead issuing con- 
sortia and are major company shareholders are the 
same officials who si ton t 
ry boards. 

Mr. LambsdoriT has regularly criticized the 
power of banks over industry and called for them 
to reduce their stakes in cotporations. 

MetaU Stock 
Sinks Ahead 
Of Meeting 

By Brandon Mitchener 

International Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Skittish in- 
vestors dumped shares of Metallge- 
selLschaft AG and several of its 
biggest allies on Friday, a day be- 
fore creditors woe to attend a 
meeting that could decide the Ger- 
man metal group's fate. 

After a one-day suspension 
Thursday, Metallgesellschaft 
shares fell 12 Deutsche marks 
(56.89), or 5 percent, to end at 214 
DM on the Frankfurt Stock Ex- 
change. They were trading as low 
as 2 05 DM after the dose as talks 
with balky French creditors contin- 

Shares in Deutsche Bank AG 
and Dresdner Bank AG, both of 
whom are large shareholders and 
creditors of Metallgesellschaft, also 
took a beating. AD three stocks are 
included in the 30-share DAX in- 
dex, which fed 22.84 points to 

“This gjves investors another 
reason to bate Germany," said An- 
drew Lockhart, an equities sales- 
man for Bank in Liechtenstein AG 
in Frankfurt, noting the involve, 
ment of both big banks in Metall- 
gesdlschaft’ s supervisory board, 
which failed to detect the conglom- 
erate’s quick descent to tbe bank erf 

Deutsche Bank and Dresdner 



"218 TAX HAVENS”: 

How You Too can Beat the System... 

See METALL, Page II 







Jan. 14 

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CM. PM. CtiSW 

309.90 39025 +OM 

38928 . 390.W +1J5 

New York 39120 390.10 -ASH 

US. (toilers per ounce. London afflckii Rx- 
mptrZurtcti and New York otmtuno and cm- 
bo Prices; new York Omen IFeO.) 

Source: Anders. 

You noloagerliavetobe "rich and powerttaT to ret 
up «n overaea* structure ao you keep all-or most-ofwhat you 

With only a modest income, it's still worth making 
some arrangements offshore *oy on pay no tax to your 
Government's bureaucrats - or certainly ax little as possible. 

Almost every country in the world offers so me tax 
advantage to someone, somewhere. In "218TAX HAVENS" 
you can find wt for yourself what these are, how others 

malm nn»nftl»M«i -and hpwfymieantnn. 

The report teBa you - frankly and openly - just 
what's legal, SJegai and setnt-fegaf in different countries and 
tax havens around the world. Here are some of tbe things 
you’ll karn: 

• Foryet Luxem bourg. Austria or Switzeriand ifa all changed! 
Well-joved black mraiey havens like Luxembourg, Aushia and 
Switaarlandm acutely mdangered bv EC withholdmg taxes and 

interest in confidential money placements. 

Where bank secrecy is defecate (we tested all the banJang haw 
from Andorra to Vanuatu), Result: 3 major winners . But there i 

; havens 


numerous middle-ciass countries and one well-known financia l 
centre we have to warn you about: they cheat and rob you blind 


Why vou shouldnt-spend a lot of money buying an impressive 
wfariamir- decree from a degree mill. Instead (with a fraction of the 

moncyMved) legally create a wiporation with the wad "Umyct: 
sitv" mills name ( for example: "Abraham Lincoln Umvexsrty") - 
and just as legally start coofenmg degrees on your friends, 
relatives, ana of course, on yourself. Naturally, all your university 
profits will be free of tax. 

in which U.S. slate you can create a cor poration for only US$72. 
rhe annual tax being US$40 - if you follow our advice. 

How to practically issue your own money by starting vaor own 

laifcfigdank for less than US$2500, printing your qwn 

f . ! J JU 

"Fortress Europe' you aow need financial centres like Guernsey 
and Jersey. They both benefit from the English Crown's stability 
and a first-dass infiastnicture. Yet they Amt belong to Great 
Britain - and are therefore not part of the EC. 

I -cave Dela w are. 1 iechtenstein and Panama f all trafltipnaljTapg 
company ha vgg) along; the new stars in tins field are Utah, 

Vermont and Wyoming. Utah, especially, oners what other 
incorporation centres (hi contrast to tbe truth) only promise: no 
income tax returns fo be filed and no U.S. tax-as long as you're 
not an Amoican and operate your Utah-LLC (incorporation 
costs: USS395) outside the U.SA. 

Great reaLe steta bargains you're more likely to find these around 
Bulgaria's Black Sea or Albania's Riviera than along the 

Mediterranean's sunny coastline. _ 

How to follow the PT Strategy (PT=Popetual Traveller) of ^f^ oridD t Kfe ^? iB 
living in one jurisdiction, having your business in another, your 

permanent address in another, your investments in another, and rr w.mi m -innZL . l 

: MefrCteaiEBrfMB 

chequebooks, embossing your own cheque and credit cards -and 
staying out of jaiL 

• Which small republic's government not only offers you spectacle 
lar tax advantages but also noble titles such as Baron or puke at 
very moderate prices. 

• How to minimew ywtUSS income (such as money earned from 
US bonds, stocks, patents, licenses, real estate etc.) by setting up 
a letter box in a certain Caribbean island- By the way, there’s 

apofher island snitoMe for the game procedure with ypur Japanese 

• In which EC country yon can form a limited company for onfv 
1 20 pounds and how to operate with it freely and nearly tax-free 


• ...and much more... 

About the Author 

Boro in Germany. Dr. GerhardKortz 
boafa ----- 


iagwyte* _ — 

toby aadenppreaa ban through civil and 
praceedingaineatfr dO ««ra 

Secret Loopholes 

• The 3 secret loopholes (twnnaHy closed tp the average foreigner) 
which can help you obtain permanent residence in central 
Swi tzerland at any time-safe from war and crisis and with very 
mild taxation. 

• Whwt ynn need fo know if you want a "long term vacation* 1 in 
sunny tax havens like Greece, Italy or Spam-so you don't have to 

• Inwhieh Caribbean island you can live off either the interest 
earnings of your Swiss capital investments or the dividends from 
iirMTr naw w»l factory - without t»ving taxes where vou can ga 
a brand new passport; and benefit from the blessed mstitzttian of 
H Sfln dollar mail mder divorce without paying alimony or 

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Page 10 


MARKETS: Asia Makes Gains 


Confined from Page 1 
Thursday. But heavy falls in share 
values in Snub Korea and Taiwan 
underlined the volatile state of re- 
gional stock markets. 

In Seoul, investors dumped 
shares across the board after the 
announcement of government 
measures aimed at cooling down 

M.Y. Stock* 

the market. The composite index 
plunged 19.63 points, or 2.18 per- 
cent, to dose at 979.03. 

Stocks in Taiwan feQ 1.8 percen t 
Brokers in Taipei said the panic 
that caused Thursday’s 5.9 percent 
fall had subsided, bnt many be- 
lieved the market was still in a 
downward consolidation after its 
recent bull run. 

Stock markets in Australia and 
Thailand rose strongly while the 
Philippines and Indonesia had 
moderate gains. 

Australia gained 28.9 points to 

Australia gained 28.9 paints to 
dose at 1306.4. 

“We've had a couple of days 
where the market has been off, but 
there is still a lot of cheap stock 
around and there is money coining 
in from overseas,” said David Bak- 
er, joint managing director at Baker 
Young securities in Sydney. 

The rebound in Asian markets 
caused little surprise on Wall 
Street, which bad put up warning 
flags especially for their volatility 
not as signs of underlying trouble. 

Tbe Merrill Lynch advisory that 
helped trigger the correction was 

DOLLAR: Slowed by Intervention 

Continued from Page 9 
dgn-exchange reserves it lost in last 
s umme r’s currency crisis. 

Even after settling back Friday, 
traders generally said the dollar 
was poised for further gains — al- 
though some questioned whether h 
was more a matter of tbe mark 
weakening than of the dollar 

The mark has been weak against 
virtually all other major currencies 
on expectations that tbe Bundes- 

Forajgn Exchange 

bank will further reduce short-term 
interest rales at its next council 
meeting Thursday. 

Christopher Potts of Banque In- 
dosuez, noting that the dollar had 
made little or no headway lately 
against the Swiss franc or the 
pound, said he saw “no major mo- 
mentum b ehind the dollar - and 
added, “I doubt we’ll see the dollar 
above 1.77 DM very soon.” 

But Andres Drobny at CS Fust 
Boston in London said he saw the 
dollar “grinding higher.” He called 
a rise of 10 to 13 pfennig — to a 
range of 1.85 DM to 1.90 DM — 
"definitely sustainable,” even if tbe 
Federal Reserve Board does not 

Via AMtiand Prafi 

quite explicit: “Hong Kong’s mar- 
ket is beginning to display the ran- 
dom day-to-day volatility that sag- 
gests to us an intermediate top is 
forming after a 116 per cent rise in 

“Just remember, this wasn’t a 
wipeout,” said David Strongin, in- ! 
ternational research director for; 
the Securities Industries Associa- 
tion. ‘'Those who got in at the right 
rime in Southeast Aria have done 
very well, and this still leaves a lot 
of them quite weO off.” 

■ Dow Poets a Gain 

Stock prices rallied Friday on tbe 
New York Stock Exchange as evi- 
dence of rising economic growth 
and corporate profits outweighed a 
small rue in interest rates, Bloom- 
berg repotted from New Yoric. 

Tbe Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age was up 24.77 points, to 
3,867.20. Early in the day, it had 
been up as much as 32 points. 

A handful of technology compa- 
nies led by Motorola reported un- 
expectedly strong earnings, send- 
ing semiconductor stocks higher. 
Motorola gained 1 to 99. Financial, 
auto, electrical equipment and 
chemical stocks also gained 

The market is "focusing oa tbe 
strong economic numbers rather 
than the typical negative reaction 
in tbe bond market,” where inves- 
Philip Smyth, analyst atBirinyi As- 1 
sodates in Greenwich. Coonecti- ; 
cut Tbe 30-year Treasury issue 
tumbled 13/32 to 99 12/31 while 
its yield increased to 630 percent j 

'V* 1 ■ -'.X" T • * ’ *• 

■ a®---: 

■■■•wiiKfei £& * % j£r: 

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NYSE Host Acttvos 














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move to raise short-term U.S. inter- 
est rates. If the Fed did act, he said, 
“the dollar would shoot np.” 

Tbe dollar was fueled this week 
by a series of economic reports con- 
firming that U.S. growth in the 
fourth quarter was stronger titan 
many analysts had expected. Many 
estimates of gross domestic growth 
in the period are now between 5 
percent and 7 percent at an annual 
rate, compared with previous ex- 
pectations of about 3 3 percent. 

“This is b eginning to look like a 
typical U.S. recovery," Mr. Drobny 
said, with a burst of growth likely 
to be followed by a more moderate 

Some analysts said a steep de- 
cline in tbe mark could cause the 
Bundesbank to slow its cuts in in- 
terest rates — and that could cause 
pain in the rest of Continental Eu- 
rope, which needs lower rates to 
stimulate growth and stop tbe rise 
in its unemployment rates. 

While Germany also needs lower 
interest rates for the same reasons, 
the Bundesbank does not want to 
lose the confidence of foreign in- 
vestors, who hold some 1 trillion 
DM of German debt and who are 
needed to help continue financing 
Germany's budget deflrit 

AMEX Most ActtVM 





GortC wt 




Htn wio 
RoyrriO 0 

NYSE Diary 
































4 Wu 














Amu Diary 

Total taora 
New Metis 


Tow Issues 


IMS 936 
a?a lies 

£U Ml 
2755 3741 

in n 

10 IS 

as no 

MS 291 
234 226 

831 829 

27 24 

5 3 

1723 1587 

1364 ?404 

1658 1754 

4746 4747 

150 111 

23 45 

Dow Jonas Awagas 

OMO man LOW Lost Cbo. 

Indus 384894 387X67 3M1XJ 3647.20 *UJ7 
Ti-OB* 182323 183674 1S17J2 183681 -1073 
UI8 22067 721.46 21158 221J9 *052 
Cars 1407XJ w« 5 i*aao ?4i«4 -axs 

Standard A Poor's todoxeo 

HMi Low aoae CtfM 
Industrials S53J0 SOOT 552X2 +2X1 

Tronsa. 44093 441 J7 447.92 +474 

Utilities 147X2 157X5 16771 +004 

, Finance 4&a 44.95 45J6 +041 

SP 500 475JJ2 47X47 47471 +2M 

I SP 100 64076 437X5 60.10 +279 


Muh Law Last O* 

QjmpasJre 264A0 261.72 262 J 0 -1.17 

SEES* ®4A5 M WtM »W5 

yiSy^ 223X4 223X3 223X1 *015 

SJSJtt V 219-13 22072 *178 

NASDAQ Indaxoo 






T rouse. 

Klee low 
79119 7B7J1 
871.17 82641 
898X3 B9427 
91041 912X5 
183X7 18033 
69039 69373 
764X3 757X2 

AMEX Stock Index 

High Low close Clitee 
481.17 «0X6 480XB +082 

Dow Jon** Bond A 

20 Bands 
10 Utilities 
10 industrials 

Market Sate* 

HVSE 4 *un. volume 
NYSE nrrv. cons, dose 
Amex 4pm. voturn* 

Antes orev. cons, dose 
NASDAQ 4 am. volume 
NASDAQ orev. 4 pjn. volume 




Close High Low Prav.Cltsa 


Owflw PW Mtrte IBHOff of TO MRS 

Ctose Otter 
792J1 +630 
S3O40 +5X2 | 
8*6X4 +U6 
914X2 +1X5 
182X6 +1X4 
69004 +371 
76063 —1.11 

Mar 921 m 938 9W 91* 917 

MHT 929 936 941 9» 926 921 

Jot M 942 959 930 941 NA I 

Sep 954 e» 973 945 9S2 952 

DK 966 MB 984 M9 KA. TLA. 

Star 9B1 982 989 97] — — 

May 993 994 993 913 — — 

J0 1X02 1X04 N.T. N.T. - — 

see 1X12 1X14 ixi6 1X13 — — ; 

DK 1X14 1X34 N.T. N.T. — - 1 

Est. Solas UX95 

Dollars Per metric ton- tats of 3 tans 
jaa U72 1.175 1,183 1,175 1,180 1.183 I 

Mar 1.188 1,190 1X00 1,190 1.196 1,198 : 

MOV 1.190 1,191 1781 1,190 M99 UD1 , 

JDl 1,184 1,186 1.196 1,193 1.19S 1,197 J 

Sea 1.1K U91 N.T. N.T. 7.198 1.W9 

NOV 1,180 7X93 N.T. N.T. U9B 1,799 

Tan 1.791 1,193 1.198 1,195 1.198 1.199 

Ell. Sates 1X77 

Man Law close ora# 
Dollars w metrl c too-fit* of 50 Has 
Mar 29000 288X0 289.18 290X8 + 2X0 

Moy 291X0 29000 29070 291X0 + 0X0 

Aua 2943 296X0 IBS JO 29450 + 1X0 

Oct SlS 284X0 2B4J6 28400 + 1T0 

DK N.T. K-T. 2B2X0 2BSOD + 9X0 

Mar N.T. N.T. 284X0 *4X0 + 050 

Est. sales 485. Prev. scries 1X81. Open In- 
terest 11X40. 



KWi Lew Lost Seme Oitee 

UXABnw mttrtc toMotroMM tans 
Fee 15075 14650 15050 15050 ±SX 


Xoa uItI 1«75 U5JS 14SJS tl* 

S 3 SSS Si tiS 

Nov 15673 15L75 U675 15600 +2M 

Dec 15050 15650 15050 laJO +2g 

JM 1*X0 15000 15008 159X0 +2X0 

ist Sales 26X92. Prev. scaes 20X84 . 

Open hrterast 112,141 


US. donors per barrel-Ms of UN tomb 

Poe ia» U72 xssa law +a* 

mot 1616 u» lira lira +o.ii 

Apr 1625 13X1 U£1 12X1 +10* 

MOV UX2 1600 14X5 UJB +0-17 

Jen M63 1450 14X8 16Z7 +617 

Jut 1675 16X3 K55 14X7 +024 

AM 1476 1471 1671 1666 +021 

AP 15X0 15X0 15X0 1665 +0X0 

)3 N.T. TLT. N.T. 1683 +0.13 

Eft. Solee SL873 '. Prev. sdes 48X93 . 

Oran Interest 16698$ 

a ose aitee 

T0542 +0X9 

10329 + 0X3 

10755 +0.15 

qww am 
smdo smn 

N.Y^-E. Odd-Lot Trading 

Buy Soles SBott- 
Jon.13 mm IX0UO4 63771 
Jon. 12 1X02X19 1X83534 43X7B 

Jon. 11 1X2X40 1X06532 40X36 

Jan 10 1.193264 1577.773 87734 

Jan. 7 946386 1X91.157 87507 

•Included In ffw sates figures. 

Oracle Making Software 
For Electronic News 

Bloom berg Butinas Hera 

nia — Oracle Corp. said Friday it 
would develop software for a new 
generation of news services from 
Capital Cities/ ABC Inc. and The 
Washington Post Co. 

In separate announcements, Or- 
acle said it would build a news-on- 
demand system for Capital Cities, 
the owner of ABC News, while 
helping the Washington Post create 
“electronic publications” that wfl] 
combine text with video and sound. 
Financial terms were not released. 

ALUMINUM (HMl erode) 

OoHcro per m+rte !o» 

Soil 1183X0 1189X0 1149X0 115050 I 

Forward 120550 1206X0 116758 114AM ' 


Dollar* per awirtc Ian 
Spot 1 80450 180750 174050 176158 

Forward 1827X0 1828X0 1781X0 1782X0 


DaH«¥ per matrletm 
soot 496X0 497X0 48358 48650 

Forward 50608 589X0 496X0 497X0 


Dollar* per metric ton 

Spot 5490X0 5700X0 5635X0 5640M 

Forward 5753.00 5760X0 5695X0 5700X0 


DoUan per metric ton __ 

Spot 4965X0 497SX0 4805X0 Ml 5X0 

Forward 5030X0 *25X9 485L00 4865X0 

ZINC (Special HMi erode) 

K* 0 ” fODSXO 996X0 97750 

Wantmrd 1023X0 10X4X0 101600 10MXP 



1 080X00 -pt* of 188 PCI 
MOT 9667 9663 9665 UnClL 

Jdd 9651 9675 9479 UnCtL 

S**> 9450 9675 9620 Undl 

DK 9672 94 M 9421 Undl. 

Mar 96X0 94X4 94X6 —AW 

JOn 9441 9636 9637 -A05 

Sep 5*420 7618 9619 — OM 

DK 94X7 94X2 94X4 — 0X3 

Mar 9X19 93X5 93X6 —0X7 

jag 93X7 9346 9368 —8X7 

Est volume; 52X87. open Interest: 418X98 

SI mllllM-PttOf !Mpd 

Mar 96X5 9658 96X8 — 0X2 

996X0 997X0 
Ml 6X0 101408 






















M N.T. N.T. 9656 —810 

£sL volume: 06 Open Interest: J4257. 

DMi mliBaa-ptieMaapct 
MOT 9647 9640 9644 —0X1 

Jur 9690 94X3 96* +0X3 

SOP 9526 9SJD 9527 +OX4 

DK 9549 9542 9548 +0X3 

Mar 9564 95X7 9541 UnCh. 

Joa 9522 9563 954B —0X3 

Sea 9SJ0 9562 9565 - 0X6 

Dec 9561 95X1 9556 —8X7 

M pr 9554 9547 9548 — 0X6 

jaa 9536 9532 9532 - 0X2 

Est vatetne: 201X06 Open brterpsi: 846991 

C588M - pb a nes orm act 
Mar 110-11 11725 1180! — 84B 

Jan in-n umi ifl-w — o« 

Est. volume: WMUA6 Open Merast: W63Q5 
IMT loan ™«" 10865 — 0X9 

10070 1WLS5 10061 —0X8 

Est volume: 188305 Open Meretf: 158317. 

Stock Indent 

r - sssyffitg 

ira N.T. N-T_ 3*460 _+OX 

£st. votum*: 19X7. Open MN nsT . 71X38 

Inrr Petroleum Excnons*. 

Spat Coa moJHt 

CeoamodBr Today 

Aluminum, lb 0529 

Coffee, Brae, (a 063 

Cooper** 0.5023 
Iran FOB, fan ZI3X0 

Lead, lb 0X4 

Sltvpr.travoz 519 

Mppl (scrap), ten T2960 

Tin. lb 32205 

Zinc, lb 8b4645 

1-31 M6 
an annual 

M 3-15 
M 3-19 
1-31 3+ 

M4 3-1 
3-15 331 

1-SI M 
1-04 34 

1-04 37 

1-25 2-4 

34 314 
V17 314 
34 310 
31 M3 
314 31 

1-14 31 

1-3) 344 
1-06 31 
34 2-25 
1-28 34 

Charter FSB Bnra . 26 1-25 2-4 


FstMkdttsm BfcCp 4 for 2 spfTt. 

Fra*nn TMccomm 1 for 10 reverse rant; 
recant A pay dates tmamoonced. 

Natl Secure* 2 lor 1 spin. 

a-amoat; H UG H M Copodten *m*u m- 

Company Per AJnt 


State sm an Croup x .10 

x-dectorattan reported Jon.13 h 
oayment; net amedat dtvwend. 


FstHdel BncpWV Q .15 

Kimcc Rncnr O jo 

Schuiman A Q X9 


wwtea Bancorp- . - .129 

: .fS 


Medan PtCMte Q X9 


0 S 

« jn 
Q X2 


Icahn Plans Junk-Bond Offering __ 

NEW YORK office of jmi 

deals that cwld indude 

«n be issued by pawn 

not U^urities, such as real estate, aoxmcfing to the prespeem 

Wal-Mart Heads North of die Border 

oiSrfto™ Sized to Mareh. Wal-Mart sad- Wodwonh sad 
iTwoSd receive about $300 mfflion m cash from the deal, but 

details of the transaction wae not released. ^ 

The announconent sent CanatSSan TetaOmstoda 
tbe Toronto Stock Exdiange. Shares of 
discount dqiartnient store unit, 

diirf tai^rtTtumblcd more flrnn 10 pqrcenL (AP. Kmghi-Rtdder) 

Motorola Stock Gains on Earnings 

SCHAUMBURG, Illinois (Bloomberg— Motwrtalna 
rose on Friday after the company postal an 88 P«orat Mugj m 
fourth-quarter earnings on strong growth m its major tnwmons. 

AfSS^oseofS market on Thursday, the tel^miroj^- 
tions and electronics grant said its net meome rose to 5340 nrimon, 
or $1.15 a share, from $181 million, or 64 cents, a year cariier. 
Revenue rose 35 percent, to $4.99 billion. Motorola said it expected 
1994 sales to rise from 1993’s $17 bOfion. 

Kaufman & Broad Has French Loss 

LOS ANGELES (Bloomberg) — -Kaufman A Broad Hone Corp. 
reported Friday that its Frendb operations had thesr first m 24 
bni riing (jy oo m pa ny ’5 fpnrth-qnftrti^- earnings toa aijtmt gam. 
Kaufinm® Broad said it earned $15 million, or 34 cents a shares 
in the quarter ended Nov. 30, compared with S14J nnffion, or 41 
c g nts, a year earlier. Revenue fdl 3 percent, to $373 tumion. The 
Euxopean recessioii prompted the first anmrai loss in 24 years lor its 
operations in metropolitan Faria, but the company said die outlook 
for 1994 was “greatly improved.” 

Dow Coming Charge Over Implants 

MIDLAND, Michigan (AF) — Dow Coming Corp. said Friday 
it would take an after-tax charge of $415 milium against fourth- 
quarter 1993 earning s to cover tbe company's e s timate d lia bility in 
breast inndant litigation. . 

Dow Coming is a joint venture of Dow Chemi cal Co. and 
Cn+mn p Tnc. In a separate statement. Coming said it would take an 
after-tax charge of $203 million, or $1.06 per share, *© cover its half 
of the se ttlem ent costs. Dow Chemical Co. said its share of the 
rhflrgpg would result in a reduction in fourth quarter 1993 and full 
year earnings of $192 milli on, <ir 70 cents a share. 

Aetna Flans to Eliminate More Jobs 

HARTFORD, Omnecticut (Reutera) —Aetna Life & Casualty 
Co.’s flhairman, Ronald Compton, said Friday that the company 
had plans to cut costs drat indnded further j(^ reductions. 

In the past three years the company ii6« 'wimtnw«i about 8,000 
jobs. Mr. Compton, in a memorandum to employees, did not say 

SWATCH: The Search Goes On for a Partner to Build the Dream Car For the Record 

Continued from Page 9 
and recycling. “When someone gets 
sick of the color and the design they 
buy a new dress,” Mr. Hayek is 
quoted as saying. 

With a top speed of 125 kilome- 
ters per hour, the car tested by tbe 
newspaper, and disguised under a 
Citroen AX body, is powered indi- 

rectly by a 40 horsepower, 2-cylin- 
der, 250-cubic centimeter gasoline 
main engine described as the “size 
of a coffeemaker.” This engine, 
which weighs just 10 kilograms {22 
pounds) drives an electric genera- 
tor, which in turn powers four indi- 
vidual wheel-mounted motors, 
which assure “excellent traction 
and handling.” the newspaper re- 

ported. “If you give gas, extra pow- 
er is drawn from a small battery 
that the motor automatically re- 
charges,” it a d ded. 

The report gushed: “Nothing is 
like a normal automobile, not the 
cate and dever in s t rumen t panel 
with a single round instrument, not 
the ergonomic seats that move with 
a single lever.” 

Analysts, however, are skeptical 
about the gasoline-batten' hybrid 
concept, noting that much energy 
must be expended to transport the 
battery. “Its just Hayek’s dream.” 
said Edmund Chew, automotive 
analyst at Nomura Research in 

London. “This is not a reality for 
the auto industry.” 

American Telephone £ Telegraph Co. said it would take a SO 
bflHon noncash charge te comply with new accounting rules, 
reducing 1993 earnings by about 96 cents a share. Exc lu di n g the 
charge and costs associated with restructuring its NCR tmiVAT&T 
said it expected pet incomes total $1 J5 hflhon, or $5 cents a share, 
in the fonrth quarter of 1993. ' (Bloomberg) 

Ford Motor Co. of Canada named Mark W. Hutchins, 48, 
president and chief executive. He mil succeed James G. O'Connor, 
50, on Feb. 1. (Bloomberg) 




Stf w ' 

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L*;.- ty-V* 



Page 11 



Of ’94 Economy 

Complied by Chtr Staff From Obpatdia 
BONN The G erman govexn- 

“ent expressed relative optimism 
on Friday about the coon try’s exxf 
nonne prospects this year, forecast- 
ing real growth of 1 percent Jo 1.5 

The Federation of -German In* 

Thyssen Asks 
State to Pay 

Conipilaiby Ovr Staff From Dispatches 

DUISBURG, Germany — 

lay off 1, 

: the state gov- 

(hat it would 
workers and ask 
emment to cover the cost, a 
move that appears to dash 
with European Commission 
attempts to cad government 
subsidies to steelmakers. 

Thyssen Stahl, a unit of 
Thyssen AG, already intended 
to reduce its wink force to 
26,900 in die business 
next SepL~:30, 
the previous year. The 
outs announced Friday would 
beonlop of thaland would be 
the first m the form of layoffs, 
as opposed to attrition, early 
retirement or the hkn 

Thyssen said it would ask 
the government of North 
Rhine-WestphaKa to cover so- 
cial insurance payments for 
the layoffs because the compa- 
ny cannot afford them. 

Thyssen said the decision 
was prompted fay "catastroph- 
ic'* sales and by fee 
Commission’s approval 
17 of a European-steel restruc- 
turing plan. Although the 
Commission sceksto phase 
out subsidies, Thyssen said the 
plan favors subsidize 
ers to the detriment 

The latest job cuts wiD be 
concentrated in long products, 
such items as bar .and. wire. 
Thyssen said losses in that di- 
vision, as a proportion of reve- 
nue, were twice those in flat 
products such as sheet metal 

(Bloomberg AFX AFP) 


dnsuy had said Thursday that Ger- 
man real ecotKraucpxwthth^ 
would be “1 percent at the most," 
adding that an economic upswing 
would come "way, very slowly." 

The leading economic research 
institutes, especially DIW in Ber- 
lin, offer .modi more somber fore- 
casts than the government. 

Economics Minister .Gflnter 
Rexrodt said he was looking for a 
rise in real gross domestic product 
in Weston Germany this year of 
0.5 percent to 1 percent. 

But growth in former East Ger- 
many should be modi higher, in the 
6 percenwo-8 percent area, the 
mraistarsaid, qnotmgfignres in the 
government's «mrnai eco nomi c re- 

Mr. Rexrodt also said that infla- 
tion mwld riow to 3 percent for the 
year and that the Dumber of jobless 
would rise by 400,000 to 450.000. 

.The positive report came as the 

Federation of Goman cau- __ 

tioned that recovery had not yet 
arrived, saying that production yV I 

Dutch Firm Buying U.S . Publisher 

VMJ to Acquire Billboard and Hollywood Reporter 

Complied ty Our Sufi From DUpadm 
HAARLEM, Netherlands — VMJ BV 
said Friday it had agreed to buy BPI Commu- 
nications Intx, the American company that 
publishes music and film such as 

Billboard and Hollywood Reporter, from 
The New York Times Co. and BPf manage- 
ment for $220 million. 

Analysts said the acquisition would bring 
VNU, one of the Netherlands' largest pub- 
lishing concerns, into the Ameri can m agazin e 
market and give it a base for further expan- 
sion. They also said BPTs electronic-database 
activities suited those of VNU, whose only 
previous American presence was its electron- 
ic publishing units. 

VNXTs activities in the United States in- 
clude Disclosure, a financial database that 
holds information an 11,000 quoted compa- 
nies. Analysts estimate U.S. revenue for aD 
three VNU databases at $160 million a year. 

“Out of the acquisitions that 1 have sere at 
VNU in my time, this one is the most beauti- 
ful otne," Heck Slotboom, bead of research at 
Amsigrid NY in Amster dam, said, “ll's a 

very good fit in a new growth area.” Mr. 
Slotboom has tracked VNU for almost 10 
years and published a 72-page report oo the 
company in November. 

“it’s a good acquisition," said Ton Giet- 
man, an analyst with Janies Capei & Co. in 
Amsterdam. “They had been looking to ex- 
pand in that area for a long time.” 

He said the U.S. market was “much less 
vulnerable than the U.K. and ihe rest of 

BPI is profitable, has annual sales of about 
$130 million and employs about 800 people. 
VNU said. 

The New York Times, which is half-owner 
of the International Herald Tribune, ac- 
quired a 33 percent interest in BPI when it 
bought Affiliated Publications Inc., the own- 
er of the Boston Globe newspaper, in Sep- 
tember 1993. 

BPI owns three databases that provide in- 
formation on the film, media and advertising 
industries. They are the Billboard Informa- 
tion Network, Broadcast Data Systems and 
Entertainment News Wire. 

Most of their information comes from the 
19 specialist magazines published by BPL of 
which the best-known are Billboard a leader 
in the market For music magazines, and Holly- 
wood Reporter, which covers [he film industry. 

VNU said it would finance the purchase 
through a rights offering on the Amsterdam 
Stock Exchange in March. It said VNU hold- 
ers would be allowed to buy one new share at 
a discount for every five shares owned. 

f Bloomberg, AFX) 

■ Ringier-Gannett Venture Formed 

Ringier AG of Switzerland said it had 
formed a 50-50 joint venture with Gannett 
Co. of the United States to expand both 
publishing companies’ activities, primarily in 
Eastern Europe but also in Asia, AFP-Extel 
News reported from Zurich. 

The companies said Ringier would manage 
the venture and Gannett would take a 50 
percent stake in Ringier's Cash newspaper 
operations in Romania, Hungary. Poland 
and Bulgaria. Terms were not disclosed. 

Investor’s Europe 



Umdori. - 
FTSE 10Q index 


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. A’S O N D'J ' 
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Exchange . Index 
Amsterdam ADC 






: Stock Index 


7,627.44, ;r0A7: 

FrariWurt ' 






■ B34.6B . ^j0&' 

Helsinki ' 

. H EX 

tjBiois • 

t.762.52 - +1S6 

London .- 

Fkwicial Times 3d 

2,61 3L30 

2,577.60. *1135. 


FTSE 100 - 


3,36a00 \-F321 


Genertii Index ' 


3^,81 r+1.03 

Milan- - - 

MtB . 


968,00 ■ 



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2 $ 5249 ,*OA5 


AffaersvaerWen ' 


1,71175" .42^3 


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• -..'OLOB- 

Zurich • 

s es;'- 


-1.02f.65, .l-FiiML- 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

Intemuimia] HcnU Tribune 

trends and incoming orders were 
not at the right level to give the 
econonw a qmck boost 

Mr. Rexrodt acknowledged his 
forecasts were more optimistic than 
those of private observers and of the 
government's own Council of Eco- 
nomic Advisers. But he said they 
were tiie result of “serious work" 
and did not ecr toward optimism. 
“Recovery will be more marked in 
2995 and 1996,” he added. 

“Ifs a realistic forecast,” he said. 
“The indicators show an improved 
international donate and recovery 
tendencies in pan of the domestic 
economy " He also noted the “con- 
siderable drop” in German interest 
rates and moderate wage settle- 
ments wiD help growth. 

Separately, Finance Minister 
Theo Waigri said the federal. gov- 
ernment's 1993 deficit totaled 663 
bfltion Deutsche marks (S38.4 bfl- 

er posts “about 8.5 biBiOT^M^— 
in the labor nuwfat, the' expendi- 
tures w3l exceed the plan by only 
about 300 mflfion DM," be said. Hie 
said tax revenue nearly readied the 
356.1 bflfion DM that was expected. 

The government is trying to bold 
the 1994 budget deficit to below 70 
biffioo DM and Mr. 'Waigd has 
been instructed by parliamentari- 
ans to find 5 bfltion DM in {pend- 
ing cots to achieve that goal. 

For Winterthur, a Deal very briefly; 



Complied by Oh- Staff From DitpaUba 

ZURICH — Winterthur Insur- 
ance Co. said Friday that it would 
announce a major expansion on 
Monday, and analysts said they be- 
lieved the Swiss company would 
acquire a stake in a German insurer 
from Commerzbank AG. 

In Frankfurt, Commerzbank 
said that it and its unit DBV Hold- 
ing AG would hold a news confer- 
ence Monday. Commerzbank said 

Winterthur’s stock dosed 14 
francs higher on Friday, at 820 
Swiss francs. 

The consensus among Zurich an- 
alyse is that Winterthur has ac- 
quired or plans to acquire a stake in 
DBV. “This is quite possible and 
that’s our latest information.” an 
insurance analyst at Union Bank of 
Switzerland said. 

Bank Vamobd’s analyst, Vitkor 
D amnum, said Winterthur was par- 

ia chairman, Martin Kdilhanssen, ticularly eager to expand its instxr- 
wonld “report on the new direction aoc ? operanons in Germany. 

and expansion of Commerzbank’s 
financial services.” 

Commerzbank has been looking 
for a partner for DBV after talks 
with Zurich Insurance Co. broke 
down last year. 

DBV, or Deutsche Beam ten Ver- 
schemng, is a civil servants insur- 
ance company in which Commerz- 
bank has a stake of 50 percent plus 
one share. The remainder is ovraed 
by DBV Betcfligung. a bolding 
company, and the general public, 
in roughly equal stakes. 

DBV took in insurance premi- 
ums of about 35 bfltion Deutsche 
maria ($2 bfltion) in 1993. 

Winterthur, Switzerland’s third- 
largest insurer, reported gross pre- 
miums of 1 552 buiioc Stoss francs 
($105 billion) in 1992 and a net 

* . •; . . Krti^-JUdder) profit of 347 nnBfon. 


Friday's Ctoaing 

TaWas Include the. nattoowW* price# iflj to 
trie dosing on Wafl Street and do not reflect 
late trades ebevitwr*. Via The Associated Press 

n Month 


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■ Forte PLC, the British hotel group, has joined with Quantum Fund, the 
investment vehicle of the financier George Soros, to seek control of the 
debt-ridden Qga Hotels SpA, now controlled by the Aga Khan. 

• CSA’s new president said he had dismissed four vice presidents and said 
the Czech airline had secured an $85 milli on government loan to make an 
airplane leasing payment due Saturday. 

m Belgium said it had approved thesaleof Sod^NanoariedTnvwtbse- 
meat, including its 50 percent stake in Distrigaz SA/NV, to a consortium 
led by Ackermans & Van Haaren. 

• Sabeoa Belgian World Ahfiues SA wiD ccmtinue to be majority-owned 
by the state, the government said after a review of its privatization policy. 

• Ib&ia’s vice chairman, Javier Saez, said the Spanish carrier would 

accept offers of around $500 million for its 30 percent stake in Aerolfneas 

• Banco Central Hispdnoainericano SA said it was completing an agree- 
ment with Sod^ Gdo^raJe, Commerzbank AG and Banco ComerdaJ 
Ptortngnes to set up a payments system that would speed fund transfers 
and operate at no cost to recipients of the funds. 

• Spain's inflation fell to 4.9 percent in 1993 from 5.4 percent in 1992, 
while inflation in Portugal slowed to 6.8 percent from 95 percent. 

• British Aerospace FIX said it would cut 830 jobs this year, most of them 
at its Avro regional -jet business and another plant in northwest England. 

• Hemeken NV and BotsWessanen NV said they expected to reach 

agreement on the sale of Heineken's 50 percent stake in Boh Benelux BV; 
terms were not disclosed. afp. afx. Bloomberg 

“Winterthur has always tried to 
improve its market share in Germa- 
ny but so far it has been unsuccess- 
ful,” a trader at Bank Pictet said 
(AFX Reuters) 

Kuwait May Open Up 
To Foreign Oil Firms 

AFP-Exid iVewj 

KUWAIT — Kuwait may open 
op its oil industry to foreign com- 

ORBITAL: Phone Race Heats Up 


Mr. Baghti said a commission 
had been set up to study the possi- 
bility of foreign participation in the 
ail sector, “paiuculariy the alloca- 
tion of prospecting concessions in 
bonier areas." Kuwait nationalized 
its oil industry in 1975. 

Continued from Page 9 

says the initial outlay is important. 

“If the handset pnee is too high, 
not enough of a subscriber base will 
be attracted," said Mr. Hulkower, 
who has written two reports on the 
prospective satellite networks for 
the European Space Agency. 

But Mr. Hehuan, who is a vice 
president of Mobile Communica- 
tions Holdings Inc., EDipso’s par- 
ent, said it was “quite conceivable 
the governments could subsidize 
the phones in order to have univer- 
sal service." 

Eventually, users could rely on 
ample cordless phones if they are 
within 2 kilometers ( 12 miles) of a 

ground station. Mr. Hehnan added. 

The overall cost of the EQipso 
system is projected at $650 million 
to $700 million miltim, compared 
with S3.45 billion for Motorola's 
Iridium network, EUipso’s chief 
competitor. Iridium, a partnership 
of Motorola with Lockheed Corp., 
Raytheon Co. and Sprint Corp., 
among others, is projecting a tariff 
of S3 a minute of phone service plus 
a fee of $75 to $80 a month, based 
on two milli on users to break even. 

EQipso is aimin g for a smaller 
subscriber base ana calculates the 
network will break even with 
650,000 users. The company says 
the service will cost 50 cents a min- 
ute plus a fee of $50 a month. 

METALL: Investors Dump Stock 

Continued from Page 9 
Bank, which together with Daim- 
ler-Benz AG, ALtianz AG and the 
government of Kuwait hold a 62 
percent stake in MetaDgeseCschafl, 
take turns naming the chairman of 
the conglomerate’s supervisory 
board. Ronaldo Schmitz, a Deut- 
sche Bank corporate finance spe- 
cialist who currently holds the posi- 
tion, has been widely criticized for 
having lei MeiaflgeseUschaft slide 
so far, so fasL 

The metals conglomerate said 
last week that it faced potential 
losses of 3.3 billion DM ($1.9 bfl- 
hon) for the finandal year ended 
Sept. 30, much of it attributed to 
U.S. oil deals. _ 

A restructuring plan is to be dis- 
cussed Saturday by Metallggsdls- 
chaft’s 120 creditors in Frankfurt 
Banking sources told AFP-Extel 
News that resistance from foreign 
creditors may push the talks into 
next week. 

But while several French inves- 

tors continued to waver Friday, 
other analysts and industry insiders 
said it was unlikely the rescue 
would fail 

“We expect the banks will come 
up with a deal and I don't think it 
win have much effect on the big 
bank shares,” said Mr. Lockhart 

Peta Dupont, an analyst at UBS 
in London, agreed, saying the odds 
were in Metaflgesdlrchan's favor. 
“If you look at all the precedents 
for a company this size in Germany 
or elsewhere, at the end erf the day 
they almost always manage to cob- 
ble something together.” he said. 

■ U.S. Refiner Concerned 

Castle Energy Corp., the U.S. oil 
refiner that is 40 percent owned by 
a Meiallgeseilschaft subsidiary, 
said it would experience “severe 
adverse ramifications" to its busi- 
ness if the German conglomerate 
failed to secure a rescue plan from 
its creditors, Knight-Ridder report- 
ed from New York. 

Tired of being charged two or three 
times US rates for international calls ? 
Sick of hotels that add 
50% or more to every phone call? 
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Shocked to check out of a hotel 
and find your phone bill 
larger titan your hotel bill? 

(CALLBACK, beats the high cost of making calls from 
hotels and from abroad. Save over 50%! 

With (CALLBACK all you do is dial an assigned 
number, let it ring once and hang up. Our computer 
calls you right back, asks for you by name and 
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world's highest quality digital fiber optic service 
at the world's lowest prices. 


Call: (1) 206-284-8600 FAX: (1) 206-282-6666 

417 2nd Am. West • Seattle, WA 98119 USA , 


Currency Management Corporation Plc 
TR odHStef House, 77 LondonTPidl ■ London EC2M 5ND 
TeL: 071-382 9745 Fax:071-3829487 


24 Hour London Dealing Desk 
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Tax: 71 ■ jyftiVOO 

For further details 
on bow to place your Usthtg contact: 
TeL- (44J 71 836 48 02. 

Fax: (44) 71 240 2254 



La RfpuBBque Federate I siantkiue des Gtmnrs a abtenu utt avdit de la 
BamfU? Monrfulr pour fnumerr son Programme’ de Reformes 

Uw partie de ce erd iff! 1880 000 DTSl esl uhfet’jwur effeduer fc 
paiemettl (fun certain nombre d’mporiations notammenl 
tapprnviskmnement du pays en produils pftrdiers : 

la Soaete Commenne des Hydrocarbures cftargfe de 
tapprmisionHement du pays en produils petiviiers, lance un appei 
tfOffres international, pour la foumilure des produits petroHers survowts : 


GAS-OIL (5Q/50 ou 45/55) I3 000MT 

iContenu sou/re mini < 1 %) 

Uvraison fn mhlr cargo par fats de 1 500 a 2000 MT. 

Prix en dollars US. CIF rfmlu iuvariabkmenl am ports de MORONI 
f I de MUTSAMUDU sur la base d'une eolation moyenne du Piatt's 
Oilgram Price Report en induanl el en venlilant fas dulrt’s Ms de 
chargemenl, de transport, tfinspedion. d assurance et les marges. 

Premiere livraison : leravril IW4. 

Lrs u uters (rvratscuts sennit fuilt's survunf calendrier anile par la Soaete 
Comorienne des Hydrocarpures au rytfimedune cargaison lous les 45 
(i luamnte cinq l fours. 

Payment en dollars US par kttre de credit irmvcabte et confirmee. 
Financemenl Banque Mondial? 

Tout candidal inlfmse par cel appei (Toffre ponrra, pour avoir les 
informations emplfmentoires necessaircs, acfieUr un jeu amtplcl du 
Doamirnl predsant toutes fas spfeifkitfs de ce marcfie, moyennant 
paiemenLifun mantantde 100 dollars US non rvmboursafdes. 

Les Documents de f Appel (toffees son! a retiree : 

Socifte Omorienne des Hgdtvcari/ures 
TEL : I209| 73-04-86/73-0Q-71 - FAX : (269) 73-18-83 
Ambassade des Comores a Paris 
20, rue Marbeau, 75010 PARIS 
Tf/. : (33| 40-67-90-54 - Fax : (33) 4 CKj7-72-90 
Consulat General de la Rdpublique Federate tslamique 
des Co mores 

Trf. : (°6(v2l 693 09 t>3 - F«n : (Qofr-21 0^3 35 42 
Lf depdl des candidalures esl fixe ou 5 frwfcT l°94, 
date limHe a J I H 00 GMT. 

Le tUpouiUemenl aura fieu au Siege de ta Societf 
fa 7 ft timer 1994 a 16 H (beure beak : +3 GMTf 
en presence des soumissbunaires 

The Islamic Federal RepuUk of Comores has obtained a credit from the 
World Bontr to finance its economic reforms program. Port of fftis rreJil 
1880 000 DTSl will be used far the payment of certain imports notably 
petroleum products. 

The Sorted Comorienne des Hydrocarbures, in charge of providing the 
country \rith petroleum products, invites international tenders for the 
supply of the fotiowing: 

Magas (93 R on) 
lei Al (Atir) 

Gas oil 150/50 or 55/45} 

ID 000 metric tons 
8 000 metric tons 
13 000 metric tons 
tSulpher content below I %l 

Supply: mix cargo by batch of 1 500 to 2000 mi 
1st dekwy: 1 5th April J W4 

Further deliveries: every 45 days after I si deRvery, according to 
program defined with Sorted Omorienne des Hydrocarbures. 

Prices; ft! U.S. ifa&nra CIF delivered invariably to Moroni or Mutsamudu. 

Based from medium quotation of Wolfs Oilgram Price Report including 
and irntffating the other fees of loading, transportation, inspection. 
insurances and margins. 

Payment in US. i&rftars, by irrevocable and confirmed ktterof cncdiL 
Financing: World Bank. 

Any candidate interested in this international tender, can obtain a 
complete set of documents providing specifications and other necessary 

information against a non reimbursable payment of 100 US§. 

Sealed offers are to be received no later than February 5lh 1994 al 
1 1 a.m. GMT by: 

Monsieur k Direcieur General 
Sorted Comorienne des Hydrocarbures 
P,0. Box 28 

Rfi des Comoros 

Tender document can be obtained at: 

Saddle Comorienne des Hydrocarbures: Moroni Comores 
Tel.. 73 04 S6/73 09 71 . Foe (269) 73 IS S3 
T hi 226 H ydrocom Ko 

Embassy of Rf? des Comores in France 
20 me Marbeau 750 10 Pans - France 
Tel: 40 67 90 5 4 - Fax: 40 67 72 06 

General Consulate of Rfi des Co mores in Saudi Arabia 
P.O. Bax 10635 
feddah 21443, A rebie S aoudite 
Teh (966-21 693 6963 - Fax.- (966-21 693 3542 
Tfat 606786 Komt r Sj. 

Offare wffl he opened at the company's headquarters in Moroni 
fCommesI on February 7th 1994 at t p.m. CMT, nidi the bidden. 


PE i m 

Friday's Closing 

Tables Include the nationwide prices up to 
trie dosing on Wall Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 

9% IP* AIM sir aw. 

31ft 12'AALC - 33 

I Vi. ftAMInwt _ - 

im mAMC - w 

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7ft IftARlHW - - 

35 MViARMPpf ~ - 

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14ft 9ftAdvMoH - - 

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13% 9ftAin»es1 JO 2J B 

53ft 4ft Andrea s -408 

16ft IftAfloMtt - - 

17ft ft AnaPar 1430c _ _ 

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2% ft Alto «t - - 

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28 2ft 
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317 IBft 

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31 17 
70 lft 
22 8% 
103 TPh, 
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204 8ft 
1300 40% 
110 ft 
4795 Aft 
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39 14% 
24 «% 
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2716 lft 
85 Aft 
166 15V. 
17 *5ft 
12 17ft 
81 10% 

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35 4ft 
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53 3ft 
171 12ft 
Z1 12ft 

39 25% 
32 Zft 
41 lft. 

485 5h 

40 5ft 
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. 130 ft 
S3 lft 
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. 299 lft 
! 342 8ft 

8ft 8ft —ft 
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I 1 “ft 

12ft 12ft - 
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318 4 •% 

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lft, IV4— I ft 

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8 8 —ft 

60% 60% —ft 
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14 14% - ft 

48 48H “ft 

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II 11 

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7ft 7ft -ft 
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v^lrodfciB batted, 
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U.S, ■-Japan Ties 
At Bisk Over 

Page 13 


Tbade, U.S. Says 

Guangzhou, the Next 'Paper’ Tiger? 

Cathay Pacific’s Clerical Center May Be a Forerunner 




Straits Times 


'-'Nikkei 225 

TOKYO — A UJS- trade official 
said Friday that relations with Ja- 
pan could suffer if the trade negoti- 
ations did not succeed by a Febru- 
aty deadline. • 

' Tfes results of the framework in 
February are going to caks U3L- 
Japan relations for a long time,** 
said Jeffrey Garten, undersecretary 
of commerce. 

The so-called framework 
initiated by President Bffi Qmton 
and former Prime Minister TCHrfn 

Mr. Garten said if. the. miku 
fafled, there could be “very, serious 
fallout in the U.S. in twync of atti- 
tudes about trade with. Japan. 1 * 
Echoing comments made in To- 
kyo this -week by Joan Spero, un- 
tkxsecretary of state for economic 
affairs and agriculture, be said of 
the talks so far, ‘The fact is that wc 
haven’t moved an inch.” 

He added: “At least in the auto- 
motive sector, there's not even an 
agreement on the nature of the 
problem. They’re saying that the 

Bloomberg Business News 

GUANGZHOU, China —At first glance, 
Che offices of Guangzhou Guo Tai Informa- 
tion Processing Co. would seem an unlikely 
nurturing ground fortbe next stage of souib- 
em China’s economic transformation. 

Occupying five floats in an unfinished 
buildingon Guangzhou's east ride, the busi- 
ness is filled with young Chinese entering data 
from antine tickets into computer terminals 

In many ways, the operation is like infor- 
mation-processing centos worldwide, with 
photos clipped from magazines pasted on 
desks and the quiet clicking of keyboards. 

What makes this center unique is the name 

maze of govmunem agencies and learn u> 
cope with a work force still learning the 
customs of the private marketplace. 

The venture’s unique position as a daia- 
processmg business in a budding manufac- 
turing economy has not helped. In meetings 
with local government officials, Cathay Pa- 
cific managers have been hard pressed to 
explain what their workers produce. 

“They always ask us to show them a prod- 

AmaricBP-made jmtnww hflc^ auto 
parts, telecommunkatiansahdin- 
auance services, and medical tech- 
nology, as wdl as to settle conflicts 
over mtrikctual property. 

Both sides are seeking substan- 
tive agreements in several of those 
areas before Mr. Oinion and Prime 
Morihiro Hosokawa meet in Wash- 
ington on Feb. 11. 

UJS. negotiators have said they 
want measurable results from the 
talks, bat they deny seeking mar- 
ket-share targets. Japanese officials 
and business executives say that 
whatever the label, numerical crite- 
ria to be achieved by a certain date 
would constitute managed trade 

and be unacceptable. , 

are no barriers of any significance 
and that the problem is on .the 
American ride.” 

Separately, Sozaburo Okamatsu, 
vice minister for international af- 
fairs at the Ministry of International 
Trade and Industry, said the S20 
trillion annual U.S. trade deficit with 
Japan in motor vehicles was earned 
by a faflurc of U.S. automates- to 
offer cars that meet Japanese needs. 

"The major market segment is 
smaller cars," he said, - 

Mr. Okamatsu agreed the two 
sides were far apart in the trade talks 
bat said, Tm sure we can find some 
agreement winch is acceptable to 
both rides.** (Reuters, Bloomberg) 

its 200 workers each day. Cathay Pacific 
Airways. As the clerical center for the Hong 
Kong-based airline, the venture represents 
one of the first examples of a major Hong 
Kong company taking office jobs across the 
border in search of cheaper labor and land. 

Hong Kong has already lost mare than 40 
percent of its manufacturing jobs since 1980. 
Writ costs continuing to spiral, it is only i 
matter of time before many clerical jobs fol- 
low, economists and local companies said. 

“It’s the obvious thing to do, especially 
after 1997,” said Pamela George, a spokes- 
woman for Hongkong & Shan ghai Banking 
Carp., which is studying the move of some of 
its clerical operations to southern China. Un- 
der an agreement with Britain, Hong Kong is 
to come mute Chinese rule in 1997. 

For now, Cathay Pacific has been left to 
blaze the trail alone. Since forming the 
Guangzhou subsidiary in November 1992, 
the airline has had to fed its way through a 

The 9ide effects of the 
city’s economic boom may 
lead officials to pursue 
similar operations. 

guage skills would be better among people 
with advanced educations. Very quickly, they 
regretted the decision. 

Turnover among the university graduates, 
particularly among men, was high as they 
tired of the monotonous and relentless pace 
of the work. The company found much better 
success with women straight out of college, 
one level below universities in China. 

The workers enter data from Cathay Pacif- 
ic tickets and calculate exactly bow much 
money the airline collects from each one. All 
of the data is sent to the airline's mainfr ame 
computers for use in accounting and setting 
fares and schedules. 

rAist ctn'.d'j 

■ I 0 s 2 - : 1B» 

m rW — ' ibom— - — w- 

A’ s' o‘N l D f i tf N ' dT 
• 1M3 • -19B4 .. 1993 19* 

Exchange ' 


As repetitive as the work is, it is better than 
any alternatives, said Huimena Zhang, who 

net; we say we can’t,” said Benny Chan, one 
of IS managers transferred to the operation. 
“At the beginning it was very difficult to gain 
their trust” 

The authorities in Guangzhou may become 
more interested in attracting similar service 
operations as the ride effects of the area's 
industrial revolution become clear. 

Sinwi China began moving toward a mar- 
ket economy in 1978, Guangzhou, a city of 

more than € minion parole, has been the 
focus of a nonstop manufacturing and con- 

focus of a nonstop manufacturing and con- 
struction boom. Along with snarled traffic, 
the boom has created a perpetual cloud of 
dust and smog over the caty. 

When Mr. Chan and his colleagues set out 
to hire workers in the area, they looked for 
university graduates, fi guring English lan- 

many alternatives, said H aim eng Zhang, who 
was chosen from a pool of 4,000 applicants 
for one of the initial 200 spots. 

“There are more opportunities in an inter- 
national company,” she said. “Working in a 
national company, there is not so much work 
to do, sot so challenging." 

The labor savings from the operations have 
h«?n substantial The company has estimated 
moving the operation to China saves it $10 
million a year. 

However, with inflation in Chinese dues 
such as Guangzhou running at about 20 per- 
cent in 1993, their cost advantage is quickly 
diminishing . Already, the starting wage at the 
airline's facility has'almcst doubled from the 
initial rate of 600 Hong Kong dollars (577.67) 
a month. 

Economists said escalating prices and lack 
of suitable office space hare helped deter other 
companies from following Cathay Pacific’s 

’• Sydney ' AH Ontinarie 
Tokyo JZ.I ,. 225 

KualaTumpur C«rcpo£tftQ~ 
•SaftpkpkP. ■ SET . 
SeouU 7" " i 

Taipei ■ Weighted ft 

1994 f • 1993 . • 19B4 .. 1993 1984 

index Friday Prev. • % 

••• Close. . • -Close . .- Chang© 

• Hang Seng " 18,7744® • 10,176.50 +5.87 

' Sb&te Times 2,302.86 2.19ABS ' +4 S2- 

7a« Ordirartes . / . 2^06.40 . 2,17750 +1.33 

Nikkei. 225 • s ..18,973,70 .t 8,577.26 +2. 13 

• Composite" * 1,134.14 -1,02$.f7 - + 1 Q. 2 Q 

.'•SET . 1.516.67 1.438.C3 . +5,47 

' ’Corrgrosrta'su^ B79.03 S88£6 1 -2.18 

rWei£^Uedl=Wc6 5,743.77 7^85L4G '7-1 B*T. 

1.15 •• +073 ' 

|. Wew2eatend NZSS-40 • 2£2&99 2^35^7 -o.4& 

j Bombay: : NaJtona^ +050 

Sources: Reuters, AFP lrrtenmii.raaJ Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

Seoul Ads 
To Cool 
Its Market 

Shaken by Panic Buying, China Reassures on Grain 

CenpBedbf Our Sing From Dispatches 

S EOUL ■— The Knance 
Ministry disclosed measures 
Friday aimed at coding what 
it said was an overheated 
South Korean stock market. 

The minis try and securities 
regulators said individuals 
would be allowed to engage in 
short-selling, .or the sale of 
borrowed stock in ratiopation 
of a price decline. Gaidais 
said the measure would, tend 

to bring down prices of stocks 
believed to be overvalued. 

A news report about the 
measures -sent the Seoul stock 
market plunging. The market’s 
composite index feU 19.6 
points, or 22 patient, to dose 
at 879.03 in beayy trading. 

The nrimsliy also wifi re- 
quire institutions todepoai 20 
percent of the cost when plac- 
ing bay orders. Currently, in- 
stitutions have three days to 
make payment j ' : 

“Tins wifi help die market 
stabilize fallowing recent slag) 
and fast rises, as the trading by 
TTutfinrtwvml investors has in- 
creased recently,'* the ministry 
said. (Reuters AFP) 


BELTING . Seeking to calm 
anxiety dial sparked panic buying 
of gram, China said on Friday that 
it has six months’ supply and that 
per capita consumption is falling. 

Since November, a rise in grain 
prices erf up to30 percent in some 

places has set off waves of buying. 
This has farced the government to 

This has forced the government to 
impose price ceding? and issue 
warnings against hoarding profi- 
teering and speculation. . . 

An article carried an the front 
page of .major newspapers on Fri- 
day said stocks of food, and other 
axmnodities for die Lunar New 
Year festival next month were 
mere than adequate. 

The Economic Daily said China 

had solved the problem of overall 
gram supply but needed to raise 
quality to meet market demand. 

It said national stocks contained 
1015 kilogr ams (226 pounds) of 
grain per person, enough to meet 
dwmanH for six months. 

The newspaper said per capita 
Consump tion m China rose from 
1978 to 1985 but started dedming 
in 1986. Consumption feD to 234.5 
kflograms per person in 1991, down 
by 17J2 kflograms from 1985, be- 
cause of the increasing variety in 
the Chinese diet 

“We are among the countries in 
the wodd with the most stable 
grain supply,** the newspaper said. 

Food and Agricultural Organiza- 
tion to support that assertion. 

Despite the reassuring statistics, 
the government has been stung into 
action by the panic buying. 

Earlier this month, the Ministry 
of Internal Trade and the National 
Grain Resenres Bureau ordered de- 
livery of extra supplies of grain to 

It quoted a grain stability mdex of 
126 countries compiled by the UN 

of h. Each province was also or- 
dered to arrange an additional 140 
trains to transport grain in January. 

“It is not easy to be optimistic 
about the food products market in 
1994,** the internal trade minister, 
Zhang Haoruo, was quoted as say- 
ing by his mmisnys newspaper, the 
Commercial Daily, on Thursday. 

“We must pay dose attention to 

the purchase of grain, cotton and 
edible oils, correctly manage im- 
ports, scrupulously implement the 
plan for national reserves and make 
early arrangements for supplies to 
the market in 1994.” he said 

In terms of output, China has 
plenty of grain. Production in 1993 
was a record 456.4 million tons, up 
from 44238 million tons in 1992 
and 43579 million in 1991. Such 
good harvests allowed Beijing to 
cut imports in the first 1 1 months 
of 1993 to 633 million tons from 
Uj62 minion in aU of 1992. 

“The harvests are good, yes, but 
how much of h will readi the mar- 
kets?" a Western diplomat asked 
“The transport and storage system 
is poor." 

A commentary in the Economic 
News Daily on Wednesday said tile- 
rise in grain prices was the result 
not of shortages but of the lifting of 
price controls, increased produc- 
tion costs for farmers and abolition 
of subsidies for imported wheat. 

• Ohdoo Industries Inc. an Eastman Kodak Co. affiliate in Japan, said it 
had moved its entire output of floppy disks to Malaysia to cope with 
riang costs due to the higher yen. 

• Tonon Corp^ a Japanese oil refiner in which Exxon Corp. and Mobil 
Corp. each own a 25 percent stake, will replace its president, Nobuyuki 
Nakahantin a dispute over dividend policy. Japanese news agencies said. 

• Tokyo Nissan Auto Sales Co. plans to start selling Ford Motor Co. 
automobiles in Japan around May. 

• SBI Commercial & International Bank Ltd the former Bombay branch 
of Bulk of Credit & Commerce International, is expected to reopen by the 
end of January as a subsidiary of State Bank of India, a state-owned 
commercial bank. 

• Vietnam’s government expects to have a budget deficit of more than 10 
trillion dong (SI billion) m 1994, equivalent to 6.7 percent of gross 
domestic product, the finance minister. Ho Te. said. 

• Taiwan plans to lift its ban on rice imports in 1995 if it can join the 
Genera] Agreement on Tariffs and Trade this year. 

• nma is considering allowing more foreign insurance companies to set 
up branches in selected coastal areas, Xinhua news agency said. 

AFP. Reuters 

The newspaper said it was good 
for grain prices to rise, since this 
would stun ala te production and 
was a sign that a nationwide grain 
market was being bom. 

“We must set up an effective 
regulatory system, with many 
channels of supply, use reserves to 
stabilize the market and set up a 
grain risk fund with floor and ceil- 
ing prices," it said. 

Investors in Mining 

Lack of Non-Oil Investment Hurts , Jakarta Says 

Toyota Chairman 
To Head Keidanren 

• • . JOrigto-Ridder 

JAKARTA —r Indonesia’s economic expan- 
sion could fall short of government targets 
unless investments outride the country’s energy 
sector increase, govonmoat officials and econ- 
omists say. 

Already, a drop in investments in 1993 has 
made many doubtful that the Indonesian gov- 
ernment can achieve its target annual growth 
rate of tl percent this year. 

Frirriga investment approvals outside the ofl- 
and-gas sector reached $8.6 bffifrm in 1993, 
down 16.4 percent from 1992, U.S. officials 
here said; 

Despite the decline, economists said non-ail 
and gas exports — primarily of plywood, tex- 
tiles and garments — would grow 14 percent, to 
$32 billion this year, and 10 percent to 14 

percent in 1995. The sector grew an estimated 
zO percent in 1993. 

20 percent in 1993. 

Bat Dade Minister Satrio Bndihardjo Joe- 
dono was less than optimistic about expansion 
outside of oil and gas, noting growth was evi- 
dent last January out waned later in 1993. 

“The problem with the slow growth of ex- 
ports was the slow growth of the investments 
that increase the production of manufactured 
goods," he said. 

Industries outride of ofl and gas are seen as a 
major engine of Indonesia’s growth since weak- 
ening petroleum prices reduce the importance 
of energy in the country's economy. 

Mr. Joedopo also died increasing competi- 
tion for foreign investment from other coun- 
tries, wie lteHng China and Vietnam, and called 
for a “relaxation" of barriers to investors. 

Indonesian industries need to become more 
developed and possibly branch into high-tech- 
nology products, economists said. They predict- 
ed manufactured consumer electronic goods, 

become die coon try's chief noo-oQ exports. 

A gene r Fnmce-Presse 

TOKYO — Japan’s Keidan- 
ren, or Federation of Economic 
Organizations, will name 
Toyota Motor Corp. Shdchiro 
Tqyoda, 68, as its next chair- 
man, press reports said Friday. 

Gaishi Htraiwa, 79, who 
ended his third year as Kei- 
danren chairman last month, 
has said he wanted to step 
down in May, the reports said. 
Mr. Toyoda currently is the 
Kridanren's vice chairman. 


PHNOM PENH — Cambodia is 
eager to hear from potential inves- 
tors interested in developing the 
war-bauered country’s muting and 
energy sectors, according to the 
country’s Minister for Industry. 
Mines and Energy, Pcy Sothirak. 

“Cambodia has very Rood poteu- 

tise and skilled labor have added to 
the problem, Mr. Sothirak said. 

He spoke of a potential oil bo- 
nanza waiting to be lapped beneath 
Cambodia's soil 
“I want to mention oil — we 
have three blocks left to be given 
for off-sbore concessions and we 

“Cambodia has very good poten- 
tial with regards to the following: 

have 19 blocks on-shore with very 
Rood nrosuecis around the Tonic 

hand minerals, gold, gem stones, 
rubies, sapphires, phosphate for 
fertilizer and limestone for ce- 
ment." Mr. Sothirak told an invest- 
ment forum in Phnom Penh on 

More than two decades of civil 
war and violence; which formally 
ended with the si gning of the 1991 
Paris peace agreement, prevented 
development of the mining indus- 
try, he said. 

A lack of capital, mining exper- 

good prospects around the Tonle 
Sap [Great Lake] area and along 
die Mekong River," he said. 

The Cambodian government 
wants to encourage private- sec lor 
involvement in projects for devel- 
oping energy resources, he said. 

He added that opportunities also 
existed in power generation. “We 
not only need you to come and 
generate electricity." he told the 
forum, “we would like you to come 
and distribute and help wiLh reve- 
nue collection as well." 



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■ 4 k EVTERN/OTONAL ^ # f 

itmlc* tribune 

January 15-16, 1994 
Page 14 


lramc ot 

ODERN day industrial revolu- 
tions are complex affairs. It is no 
longer as simple as buying state- 
of-the-art machinery, hiring 
cheap labor and producing as much and as 
fast as possible. There are now — thankfully 
— employment and environmental laws to 
be complied with. And the occasional bit of 
de- regulation to be done. 

Witness the reform program facing the 
U.S. communications industry. Legislation 
is scheduled that would liberalize the mar- 
ket, allowing local, long-distance and cable 
television companies to compete against one 
another. It seems that legislators recognize 
that something needs to be done to provide a 
legal framework appropriate to an industry 
that is exploding with ideas, and money. 

It is understood that something must be 
done to accommodate the “information su- 
perhighways" (the fashionable expression 
for the flow of voice, video and other data 
over high-speed electronic networks into 
homes and businesses). Unfortunately, it 
seems that unless the proposed reforms 
make unprecedentedly speedy progress 
through the various legislative bodies we 
shall nave highways without traffic signs. 
After the beginning of March precedence 
will be given to pushing through U.S. health- 
care reform, so the information technology 
legislation stands a good chance of being left 
on the shelf. 

At first glance, this may appear to be no 
bad thing, especially for lovers of the free 
market They would argue that law should be 
descriptive of an industry that is evolving 
rather than prescriptive in an area where 
technical standards — and what can be done 
at a profit — are still being developed. 

The markets at best only dimly under- 
stand what is going on. and communications 
present international investors with an al- 
most unique prospect: A global multi- 
billion-doliar industry where the 

Asia’s Bustling Telecom Market 

Fast Growth Brings High Share Prices 

By Betsy Massar 

I T has been an exciting, up-and-down 
week for Asian stocks, notably in 
Hong Kong. But amid the storms, the 
tdeco mm unications sector is predict- 
ed to remain relatively calm. 

According to most analysts, telecommuni- 
cations stocks, whether fixed line operators, 
or utility companies, or the new, smaller 
cellular companies, represent good prospects 
for the investor. 

"People see telecoms as a positively biased 
proxy for with the growth in Asia," said 
Haddon Zia, research analyst at Jardine 
Fleming Securities in Hong Kong. “In addi- 
tion to strong underlying economies, most 
Asian networks are still in their growth 
phases and are undergoing substantial line 

Even Hongkong Telecom, which by re- 
gional standards is a fairly mature utility, 
has above-average growth prospects com- 
pared with the baby Bells in the United 
States, or British Telecom. 

overpriced at 40 times earnings, internation- 
al investors, who were offered only a small 
portion of the listing, still participated, 
sparking a regional telecom rally. 

The view that prices are getting a little 
high is shared by Michael Mahoney, Portfo- 
lio Manager for GT Global Telecommunica- 
tions Fund, which at S2.07 billion is the 
largest fund of its kind in the world. “I still 

I Global Telecommunications 1 

Page 15 

U.S broadcasters 
branch out. 

Triple play in the U.K. 

Page 17 

German privatization 

think the growth potential in Asia is the best 
: world. My concern is now you have to 

in the' 

pay for that* 

While the GT Global Telecom fund uses 
the utilities as core holdings, more than SO 
percent of its Asian allocation is dedicated to 
smaller growth stocks. 

“Some of the more interesting plays are in 
nonutility stocks," Mr. Mahoney said. “This 
is not to say that the utility stocks are not 
interesting, but of course the basic utility 
that’s already established is not going to be 
able to produce the kind of growth rate that 
Champion Technology (HK) has already 

produced, or something like Advanced In- 
formation Service (Thailand) can produce; 

Two utilities where growth is expected to 
' ide Telekom 

outstrip almost every other include 
Malaysia and Philippines Long Distance 
Telephone, or PLDT. Returns on both the 
Kuala Lumpur and Manila Stock Exchanges 
grew more than 100 percent in 1993, with 
widely held expectations of fundamental 
economic growth in both countries. In Ma- 
laysia this phenomenon will surely benefit 
the telecom industry, where line penetration 
currently equals only 12 per 100 individuals. 
A network isn’t considered fully mature de- 
veloped until it has reached 50 fines or more 

where they are building up this whole cellu- 
lar system." He added, “Although in some 
ways Advanced is more like a utility than 
anything else because it's so hard to get a 
hookup in Bangkok." 

Champion Technology is a mobile tele- 

Solomon Brothers, is a fan of Hongkong 
Telecom on grounds of its potential for ex- 
pansion in the Hong Kong-China market. 

“The driving force behind profit growth 
over the next five years," he said, “will be 
expansion in call volumes to and from the 
PRC as well as continued high growth in 
business lines within Hong Kong. 

In a report on Hong Kong’s telecommuni- 
cations sector, Mr. Harrington recommends 
all Hong Kong telecom stocks as an. invest- 
ment play into China. “We believe that there 
will be substantial further upside in die 
shares as direct equity opportunities in die 
PRC start to emerge. 1 ’ 

Cbrna has huge capital requirements, Mr. 
Harrington contends. “China faces a choice: 
Ether provide an environment to attract 
capital oy restructuring its telecommunica- 
tions industry in order to provide returns for 
investors, or remain as they are. This is why I 
am so bullish on China: his going to change 
because it has to, and all the Hong Kong 
companies will be investing." 

Despite his bullishness, Mr. Harrington 

communications company whose stock price 
than doubled over die past year, 

per 100 population. Philippines Long Dis- 

) with only 

: majority of 
analysts are genuinely groping in the dark. IT 

it were just a question of economics, inves- 
tors might hope to make a good (or lucky) 
bet and make some money. But it's not as 
ample as that: At some time the legislators 
will turn their attention to the industry, 
change it around, tax profits, alter the mar- 
ket. You have been warned. _ 


tance has even a longer way to go 
1.5 lines pier 100. 

According to Bill Ebsworth, Fidelity In- 
vestments Management (HK), chief invest- 
ment officer in Hong Kong, “it’s a great 
fundamental story — top and bottom line, 
Asia' s telecoms have faster growth than their 
Western counterparts. Basic service growth 
is accelerating off a low base of lines per 
capita, and increasing sophistication of the 
region’s economies means explosive growth 
in areas like cellular, fax, and data transmis- 

The problem is, Mr. Ebsworth said, that 
stock prices have all risen fast. The telecom 
delirium came to international attention 
when Singapore Telecom brought out 1.7 
billion shares in its October initial public 
offering. While the stock was considered 

has more than doubled over the past year, 
and is expected to continue growing as its 
projects in China come on stream. Accord- 
ing to Mr. Mahoney, among the more attrac- 
tive smaller regional stocks are Hong Kong’s 
Prod-Art Technology, a maker and seller of 
pagers with a significant portion of revenues 
coming from China; and Hong Kong’s ABC 

In Thailand. Advanced Information Ser- 
vice, the primary cellular provider in Thai- 
land, is a stock that has jumped more than 40 
percent in value in the last month. A better 
value, said Mr. Mahoney, might be Interna- 
tional Engineering Corp.. which sells cellular 
handsets, and has not participated in the 
most recent Thai rally. 

Mr. Mahoney also mentions Hong Kong's 
Orient Telecom, a company that has a major 
stake in Thailand's recent initial public of- 
fering of Telecoms Asia, and in Sapura, the 
Malaysian telecommunication equipment 

Fidelity’s Thai fund manager. Yosowadee 
Chamsethikul, adds Shinawatra Computer 
to the list of interesting Thai plays, based on 
its mobile telephone and satellite businesses. 

Andrew Harrington. Research Analyst at 

warns that the supply of new equity is in- 
i btman in new 

creasing with a potential of $5 1 
offerings coming up. This would include 
ini tial public offerings for the Indian Tde- 

A.- ,rmiT -r*_l l- .. . D. 'TJ. 

com utility, VSNL, Thai Telephone & Tele- 
communications, and PT Telekom, the Indo- 

nesian phone company, all of which have 
already been announced. 

* ’ 





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ed mutual fund for U-S. investors may pro- 
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Page 15 

26 j 


f \r\ 


! 1 » ' i • J 

• Jan. -S3 

■ Jan. 54- 

lMcmjiic-n jl H ci aid Tnbune 

Tw -'-W '**3*9 




By Philip Crawford 

HE word “broadcasting” 
is rapidly becoming an 


■ anadmomsm. As tdevi- 
-JL _ sic® .merges with id&- 
coa u n mu c ati o n s, weare entering a 
mohicncdifl, 500-channdL, digital- 
ledmotogy era. Today’s broadcast- 
ereare assembfing a dhrase araeaal 



varioB&mtopnation channels £n-or- 
dcr to compete. 

^bopping opportumties, and 
i&miannatian channels m-or- 

ding-af CBS.Ina for broadcast 
rigbtsio National Football Confer- 
ence games for the next four years, 
and the bidding war between Via- 
com Inc. and QVC Network Inc. 
lor control of Paramount Commu- 
nications Inc, axe prime examples, 
say^ahalysts;' of major players try- 
ing to prepare for a higher- tech 
future in which consumers win 
.have a huge choice of entertain- 
ment and information fare that will 
flow .into their homes dong the 
now-tmder-construction electronic 

at is currently the befle 
of the ball, many add, dne to its 
diversity. In addition to its film 

library, movie studio and television 
shows, Paramount owns the Simon . 
& Schuster publishing house 
two high-profile sports teams in the 
fconhhVs largest media market the 
New rod: funds, (tf the National 
Basketball Association, <md the 
■ New York Rangers, of the Nation- 
al Hockey Leagne. 

. For investors, thc pro^)ect5 ap- 
pear mixed. WhBe heavy corporate 
spending for new. technofogy and 
new' prog ramming can bode well 
for the future, it can also hint 
short-term earnings and share price 
growth significantly. And the over- 
all ELS. economy, while forecast by 
many to. ding. along satisfactorily 
in 1994, isnoi pf peered logen caste 
any windfall in advertising rcve- 
noes ibr broadcastexi. Analysts 
say, accordingly, that investors 
conadexing exposure to the sector 
im 1994 win have to pick and 
choose carefully. Professional 
opinion varies, moreover, on which 
companies have the most attractive 

CBS, defeated by Fox for the 
rights to broadcast .NFC games, 
and later spumed by the National 
Football League in a last-ditch bid 
for broadcast rights to American - 
Football Conference games; is get- 
ting hot and cdd notices from ana- 

ition on Electronic Highway 

al football, which CBS had carried 
regularly mice 1956, will hurt the 
network.- CBS had been losing 
money on football for years, but 
the Sunday afternoon games pro- 
vided a seamless lead-in to the net- 
work's Sunday night programming, 
which mdndad the top-rated news 
**60 urinates." Fox’s bid of 
ion was reported to be 
about S400 million higher than 
CBS’s offer. 

“CBS was in a no-win situation 
with the NFC” said John G. Nel- 
son, who tracks broadcasting 
stocks for Brown Brothers Ham- 
man in New York. “If the other guy 
is willing to pay an outrageous 
pace, you’re mil of the game. Fox 
obviously fdt they had to make a 
big splash, but an offer of that 
magnitude hints of desperation. 
How CBS will fare depends on 
what they replace the/ootbaH with. 
For now, I have a neutral rating on 
CBS shares." 

But Melissa Cook of Prudential 
Securities Research came through 
with a “buy” rating on CBS. “I 
don’t see the. loss of football as 
having an adverse effect on the 
Sunday night programs,” she said. 

Both Miss Code and Mr. Nelson 
ve a “buy” rating to shares of 
utal Dries/ ABC Ina, which 
shell out $1.09 billion for the 
rights to televise Monday night 

NFL games for the next four years. 
“Cap Dries has name momentum 
in the ratings right now than CBS, 
and it's more diversified, owning 
about 80 percent of ESPN and a 
third of the Arts and Entertain- 
ment Network," said Mr. Nelson- 
In late December, five of the top 10 
rated US. tdevzskm shows were 

broadcast on ABC. 

Jessica Rdf of Oppenheimer & 
Co. gave a neutral rating to Capital 
Cities/ABC shares, however. 
“They’ve had good momentum for 
the past couple of years,” she said, 
“but I their ratings have 

And what of the Fox network, 
owned by Rupert Murdoch's multi- 
media giant News Corp.? In the 
wake of the football coup against 
CBS, Mr. Murdoch was reported to 
have said that broadcasting NFC 
games would likely be a big money- 
loser for Fox, but that the prestige 
of the contract would compensate 
by raising the network’s profile and 
enhancing overall advertising reve- 
nues. Some analysts agree with 

“Until now. Fox has been a dis- 
tant fourth network behind ABC, 
NBC and CBS,” said Miss Reif. 
“Now it has an opportunity to 
move into the major leagues. Hav- 
ing NFC football provides a golden 
opportunity to convert people into 

For Britain, 3 Companies Tell the Tale 

By Rupert Brace 


HE tale of the British 
telecommunications sec- 
tor is one of three stocks: 
the utility, British Tele- 
com; the fast-growing cellular 
phone company, Vodafone;, and 
the multinational with operations 
in many rapidly deregulating and 
developing markets. Cable & Wire- 
less. They are iespecrivefy per- 
ceived on the London Stock ©fc 
change as dull but dependable, 
exciting but perhaps erratic;, sad 
solid with every hkd2»od of out- 
performing. ....... 

BT, the former state monopoly, 
phone company, has beat reduced' 
to its present state by stringent reg- 
ulations that have made its once- 
exciting profit growth predictable; 
and Vodafone is growing quickly as 

Source; Bloomberg 

cases, aends towards lower costs.” 
To put this into context, the aver- 
age domestic phone line in Britain 
is used' four minutes a day. The 
view is^ that there is plenty of room 
for an increase with new services 

ever more Bmpean ytqppies- be- 
come acquainted - with mobile 
phones. Cable & Wireless, howev- 

er, isthe ace in the pack. It has 
stakes in a range of businesses that 
are challenging former state mo- 
nopoly operators in Britain. Aus- 
tralia ana Sweden; a 50 percent 
stake in Britain's latest mobile 
phone operator. Mercury 
e20ne; a 58.4 percent slake in 
Hongkong Telecom, the -oatony's 
monopoly operator; and 79 percent 
in Telecom erf Jamaica. In addition, 
h owns more than 25,000 kflome- 
ters of fiber optic submarine cables 
linking the world’s major financial 
and trading centers. 

Evan Miner, Lehman Brothers’. 
tdcc oi * 1 analyst in London, said: 
“My order erf preference, partially 
reflecting recent price changes, 
puts Came & Wireless very much 
cm top of the list- It has had a 
setback [the stock has fallen had: 
with prices cm the Hong Kong 
Stock Exchange] but Hong ICom 
remains a way high growth story. 

Many analysts argue that at a 
time when the global tekcomnniiii- 
cations industry is embracing a 
rapid pace of change, caused by 
new technology, new incentives for 
infrastructure investment and de- 
regulation, Britain ts’in the van- 
guard of many erf there changes. As 
with any olhtx industry that under- 
goes a period of rapid change, , aU 
companies axe adjusting rapidly 
but some should do better than, 
others. ! 

Martin Mabbntt, idccannnnm- 
ca lions analyst at James Capd, a 
British brokerage, said; “In any. 
son of long-term sense we are posi- 
tive on the whole , sector for the 

on for, say, 
huge increase. 
B Ts 

an hoar a day — a 

are considered 
the most predictable because of the 
price cap imposed on it by OflH 
the British 'telecommunications 
regulator. Under this, British Tele- 
com’s prices are based cm the retail 
pneeindex — which measures Brit- 
ain's inflation and currently is run- 
ning at about 2 percent a yearj— 

ing in an SSS erf 5-5 
percent a year. 

“You have got to look at British 
Telecom Bice any other privatized 
utility because of the tough pricing 
formula,” said J5m McCafferty, an 
analyst at the British brokerage 
Hoarc Govett Analysts say that 
with this outlook.;any progress in 

iMcnMtkxMl HcraW Tribune 

earnings must come from cuts in 
the 145,000 staff. BT has indicated 
it plans .to reduce its work force by 
about 15,000 a year for the next few 
years. . 

According to the Estimate Direc- 
tory, the consensus analysts’ fore- 
casts are: £2.775 billion C$41 bil- 
lion) profit before taxes, with per- 
share earnings of 29 pence for the 
year ending in March. This puts the 
share on cuprospcctive pricejemii- 
ings ratio — the share price divided 
by f orecast jwr-share earnings — of 
just over 16. 

Analysis generally agree BTs 
earnings growth will be lackluster 
for the next few years, hampered as 
ills by mvernment regulation. But 
some still recommend buying it on 
the basis erf a relatively cheap share 
price and a historic dividend yield 
erfmore than 4 percent 

Vodafone, on the other band, is 
almost uniformly regarded as over- 
priced. The consensus forecast for 
Vodafone’s per-share earnings is 
23.8 pence tor the year ending in 

March, which puts it on a high- 
price earnings ratio of almost 26. 

“Love the company, love the sec- 
tor," said Mr. Miller of Lehman 
Brothers, “but Christmas comes 
but once a year, sadly for Voda- 
fone.” He was referring to the eu- 
phoric rise in the stock price in 
reaction to recent sales figures. In 
December, for example. Vodafone 
signed up 52500 net subscribers, 
t a lri p g it past the 1 million mark. 
That compares with a gain of 
15,420 subscribers in July. Mr. 
Miller's point is that these were 
Christmas sales and it is wrong to 
expea them the year around. 

Cable & Wireless, however, is 
thought to bea good buy by many 
analysts because it is expected to 
show superior long-term earnings 
growth and is relatively cheap. On 
a consensus forecast of per-share 
earnings erf 22.3 pence for the year 
ending in March it would have a 
price earnings ratio of just under 

Some analysts said it should be 
bought on its share price weakness 
which has followed a setback on 
the Hong Kong stock market, 
where its subsidiary and largest 
earner, Hongkong Telecom, is 

“The story has become an excit- 
ing one even apart from Hongkong 
Telecom,” said Mr. Miller. “In 
point of fact the non-Hong Kong 
businesses within Cable & Wireless 
are nearly all growing more quickly 
than Hong Kong. Mercury is grow- 
ing more quickly, most of the Ca- 
ribbean operations are, and areas 
tike North America, Australia and 
Sweden are growing almost expo- 

v-- ‘ . 

live cm most telecoms stocks 
around the world. Thai is it is a 

rpg r pfl tries 10 offer "Offff SCTVlceS 
and so we have a multimedia explo- 
sion <rf this, that and the other. 

“There is alot of oijjortumwfts' 
increased volume with, xn some 




















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viewers of Fox.” 

Fox does not have separately 
traded shares, but Miss Reif said 
the recent developments at the net- 
work have significantly contribut- 
ed to her “buy" recommendation 
on the parent company shares. 
News Corp. For the fiscal year end- 
ing in June. Fox should account for 
about 23 percent of News Corp.'s 
operating profit, Miss Reif added. 

The NBC network is owned by 
General Electric Co., but many an- 
alysts say that its operations repre- 
sent too small a slice of GE for it to 
figure heavily on ratings of GE 

Other than Mr. Murdoch, the 
broadcasting magnate with the 
highest international profile may 
be Ted Turner, owner of Tomer 
Broadcasting System. TBS’S acqui- 
sitions since 1991 of such proper- 
ties as the MGM dm library and 
the HannarBarbera cartoon library 
— the last 50 percent of which was 
acquired in December — - are one 
reason why some analysts expect 
TBS shares to outperform the mar- 
ket. Another is Turner’s interna- 
tional news network. CNN. 

“Turner owns the underlying 
rights to so much material,” said 
Tom Wolzien, who covers the 
broadcasting sector for Sanford C. 
Bernstein in New York. “With the 
international sales and marketing 

infrastructure he already has in 
place, he can start new channels in 
new markets relatively cheaply.” 

Viacom Inc„ which owns such 
high-profile cable networks as 
MTV and Nickelodeon, has been 
warring with QVC Network Inc., a 
home shopping network, for con- 
trol of Paramount since September. 
Viacom’s latest offer of an estimat- 
ed $9.75 bfflion in cash and stock, 
made jointly with its new partner 
Blockbuster Entertainment Corp- 
was to be considered by Paramount 
this week. Nynex Coip.. one of the 
regional Baby Bells, is also a cash 
backer of Viacom in the deal. 
QVCs standing bid of an estimat- 
ed S9.9 btition in cash and stock 
was extended until Jan. 21. 

Analysts say the jury wd be out 
lor some time cm Viacom and QVC 
shares, pending the outcome of the 
battle. Many also question whether 
Paramount is worth close to S10 

“The hunt is great, but it may be 
a Brtle better than the realization of 
the prize.” said Dennis McAlptne 
of Josepbthal Lyon & Ross in New 
York. “The acquisition of Para- 
mount for either Viacom or QVC 
will make a huge difference in the 
way these companies are run, and 
it’s hard to rationalize the price. If 
you get it, then you have to figure 
but how to make it work.” 


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Dollar and U.S. Interest Rates Emerge as Twin Keys to Prospects 


* *: .. -I 

?■>«■ rap-* .* 

Christopher Kwiecinski, 
investment manager, 
Banque Jndosuez. 
Global Private Banking 

At the outset of the New Year, 
perhaps more than at any other 
time of the year, international in- 
vestors attempt to pierce through 
the Fog of uncertainty separating 
them from the year-end which also 
happens to coincide with the popu- 
lar horizon of strategic investment 
decisions. Crystal ball-gazing has 
its attractions, but practical portfo- 
lio rebalancing moves at this point 

are likely to focus on the following 
four major investment consider- 

First, will 1994 see a significant 
shift out of financial assets into 
. their real or physical counterparts? 
Second, wiQ the U.S. dollar bulls 
finally see their expectations vali- 
dated? Third, will the seemingly 
open-ended global interest rate gap 
receive at least one solid anchor in 
the form of a monetary policy re- 
versal in the United States? Finally, 
will the bear in the Japanese equity 
market ceare growing? 

1994 is unlikely to see the resur- 
gence of inflation, but investors are 
already turning more positive on 
the outlook for commodity prices. 
Real oil prices are back to their pre- 
first energy crisis levels of two de- 
cades ago while industrial raw ma- 
terial prices have bottomed out 
Moreover, prices of some metals 
and petroleum may be depressed 
doe to Russian dumping which 
helps explain the current buildup 
of speculative interest in base met- 

With the real cost of short-term 
money dose to zero in the United 

States, easier monetary policy in 
Europe and Japan, and high stock 
and bond markets valuations just 
about everywhere, it should not be 
surprising that commodities are 
perceived as low-risk investments. 

F inall y, the gold price is within a 
striking distance of its last August’ s 
high of $407 an ounce, while 
among nine U-S. sector mutual 
funds last year, the gold sector reg- 
istered the best performance, rising 
more than 80 percent. 

The dollar is starting 1994 on a 
firm note with sufficient momen- 
tum to retest last year's highs, at 
least relative to the European cur- 
rencies. This may not be the case 
against the yen, although 100 yen 
to the dollar in the rear-view mirror 
does look like a major low for the 
U.S. currmcy. With subdued infla- 
tion and a generally low interest- 
rate environment, the fickle foreign 
exchange markets are likely to lo- 
cus more on growth differentials 
and recovery prospects around the 

Politics will remain the key un- 
known as ever, but the current bal- 
ance of such risks in the world 
tends to favor the American cur- 
rency’s safe-haven status. 

Anna Tong, director, 
Aetna Investment 

(Hong Kong) Ltd. 

The Hong Kong market enjoyed 
an early CaEnese New Year largely 
on the bade of Chinese buying, 

gaining 30.3 percent in December, 
the strongest gain recorded in a 

the strongest gain recorded in a 
angle month since 1974. The eu- 
phoria earned forward for the first 
two days of trading in 1994, then 
the market had a big correction for 
the week, down 16.8 percent from a 

record intraday high of 12599. Ag- 

gressive selling from the United 
States and Britain was the culprit 
(espedally in the futures market). 
Some weak retail holders are being 
shaken oul The Hong Kong mar- 
ket has long been an motional one 
and the high volatility is likdy to 
continue in 1994. 

Although the political impasse 
between Britain and China remains 
unsolved, business has come to re- 
alize that this disagreement is not 
likely to derail the economy. The 
consensus is that China is not going 
to rock the boat due to its vested 
interests in Hong Kong. 

The biggest concern for Hong 
Kong and for other Southeast 
Asian markets as weH is the direc- 
tion of interest rates in the United 
States. A turnaround of the interest 
rale cycle there will inevitably draw 
funds out of markets here. In fact, 
all markets are overbought {except 
Korea) on a short-term basis, but 
on correction, Hcrag Kong should 
not be hit the hardest due to its 
reasonable valuation relative to 
other Asian markets. 

The Hong Kong market had a 
long-overdue c or rec ti on in. the past 
week. Assuming no e h ^ g**- in the 
outlook for U.S. interest rates, we 
continue to take the view that the 

Hong Kong market should be sett- 
ing ai around 18 times, roughly a 10 
percent discount to other Asian 
markets. We also believe that kMg~ 
been-ignored second and third lin- 
ers, currently trading at around 10 
times should be re-rated as lag- 
gards, putting an aid to the two- 

There is 


i a dangerous 
te dollar will 

strengthen further in 1994*gamst 
European currencies and Urn Jap* 

. -.1. I~nl, nf I SC Dpjit- 

pw yen, with levels of l-85 Deut- 
sche marks and 125 yep widely pre- 
dicted. Consensus views * usually 

_ T _.T J ..nARCt 

tier market When this happens, it 
may be the signal of the final leg of 

that that is the penali- 
ty of considerably greater dollar 
appreciation than the markets arc 
generally expecting and that tins is 
likely than dollar weakness. 
There are a number of factors com- 

the bull market. 

around I J percent overfly year; 
where -short-term German interest 
rates should weaken by a snmiar 
Rmnwiitj and short-ter m yen rirtes 
nay come as low as 1 perctztf- 
For the first time in four yetts, 
die interest rate 
rweor the' doflai and- 
swing in the doHar’s favor. Ttere is 
the prospect for. an increase in iM 
capital ftoWs into the United States 
on the back of a stranger U^econ- 
omy, representing both direct and 
financial investment, where Jspa- 




ty lead to a substantial dollar bull 

market, capable of cansing an ap- 
preciation of the order of 30 to 50 
perc ent. A farther inwards trend in 
the may. not, however, get 
itrwlw way until after the first quar- 
ter, where rising Japanese financial 


cial year end are likefy to be a key 

Howard Flight, director, 
Guinness Flight 
Global Asset 
Management - 

First, the US. economy is likely 
to continue its advance with growth 
of the order of 3 percent in T994— 
sH gfafly higher than in 1993, whale 
Germany and Japan vtiH show, at 
best, growth around 0 j 5 percent 
and may both aroeriencea douHc- 
dip recession. Short-term P.S. in- 
terest rates are likely to firm by 

lar are fikdy to pick upon the hack 
of a farther faflmJaMDtt$e interest 
- rates. Inflation is Kkely to re m ai n 
subdued in the United States, at a 
level comparable to, if .not less 
than, ihatof Germany. 

. In summaxyr I see scope for the 
yea to. weaken as faras yen 150 and 
for the. mark to fall towards 250. 
against the dollar over the next year 
or so. But within Earopc. after the 
explosions exchango-rale .media- 
msm during the last two years, 
rates are lik^ to rcniam Kfativdy 


Members cfa pond of experts 
in economics emd oMStmaO of- 




Inictnauonal Herald Tribune 

International Herald Tribune 

Awaiting the Floating of a Gennan Gianl 

; . . 7 ’- C?; •• Jnrfiwliiw tions minister, Gyorgy Scham 

P OI3TK3ANS br Bonn » 
h^beea bagg^™. u 

fflS-SSg: ; 

ssggi : 
gsisp. ' 

phone. . 

Of the slew of European tele- 
communications priyafeations 
coming up, the DeutsdK Tdeko® 

‘ gale is, one to its sheer sac, the 
most eageriy awaited, but ev« its 
xnoKt.hasic conditions haye yfl t® 
be determined. 

regulate the. German 
Syand bon- much 

the greatest su#e nm»ct 
market's valuation erf the comp^ 

tecent report. 



the report continues, _“lto 

? sasfeg 

Am tr> the coomanv wtnea 

^.-Uncertainly is eta^whAthrae 
:fe v at the moment as pmaat* try 
't© negotiate an agwtoentthalwiU 
nw tbein the two-thirds majority 
needed to amend the carawnnofl 
to- allow tea fl»;privatnahon- 1 hey 
ate also under tune pressure ware 
privatization could he ddayed or 
&attied if the law » not m place 
before federal elections lata tins 
year. ■ . . 

While there is competition m the 
Goman moMa* phone-- business, 
Deutsche TdeSom is alone or com- 
pletely dominant m almost allotnr 

er sectors of the taetafiag 
cable television. Evan Miller, toe- 

communications analyst at ui- 
mann Brothers m London, sees uw 

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He also says Deutsche Telekom 
is well petitioned to take advantage 
of the emerging Central European 
market tot last month Deutsche 
TeWcora and a US. partner, An »- 
itech Corp, won a 30 percent stake 
in Hanmry*s state telephone oesn- 
pany Matav, with an $875 minion 
- bid. Hungary’s telecommunica- 

tions mmister, Gyorgy hetom- 
chula, suggested the consortium 
wonoutberanse of its expenence 
in modernizing pbtme systems m 
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Thomas Ehrmann, senior man- 
«r at Pre* Waterhouse Balm 
and a tekcommnntotionsaimior- 
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Page 18 



Seizinger Rallies pick oftfw PUtyo ff Cr op? 

In Dow nhi l l for In Buffalo, Fierce Weatlier 
First ’94 Victory May Freeze Out Raiders 

Chiefs - Oilers Looks Ripest 

By Ken Shulman 

International Herald Tribune 

— Katja Seizinger ol Germany ral- 
lied in the middle of the 2,600-meter 
Olimpia della Tofane course to win 
the women’s downhffl on Friday, 
her Erst victory of the season. 

S rizm ger finished in one minute, 
2S.72 seconds, .37 seconds ahead of 
Austria’s Veronika Stalboaier-Wal- 
linger. Kate Pace of Canada, the 
world downhill champion, was 
third, 31 seconds off the winning 
time. Hilary Lindh of the United 
States was fourth, in 1:26:35. 

“I didn't fed so great on the top 
pan of the coarse, said Seizinger, 
who won six races last year. “In 
fact, I was a bit worried. But when I 
got to the middle 1 saw that I was 
siding well again " 

Overcoming a slow start that left 
her 39 seconds behind the leader 
after the Gist third of the course, 
the German downhill ace cut a per- 
fect line through the remainder of 
the fast, winding trade. 

There were some turns, and one 
turn in particular, that was ex- 
tremely important,” said Seizinger. 
who was edged ont by Anita 
Wachter of Austria for last year’s 
overall World Cup title by just 20 
pouts. “I took that turn well, and it 
enabled me to come into the flats at 
top speed." 

“Ail the downhill racers were 
happy today to finally be able to 
run a regular race.” Seizinger, 21. 
said after her 1 1th career victory. 
Tt was a great race, and great for 
my confidence.” 

The year’s first downhill, in 
Tignes, France, was shortened be- 
cause of bad weather, while the 
second downhill, in St Anton-am- 
Ariberg, Austria, was divided into 
two legs. 

For Pace, who won the season's 
opening downhill the Cortina race 
belied her reputation as a slder who 
does not perform wefl on challeng- 
ing, technical courses. 

U I want to prove to myself that I 
can ski any course on the World 
Cup circuit,” said Pace, 24. After 
three races, she trails Seizinger by 2 
points in the World Cup downhill 

T knew Katja was skiing well" 
she said. “So I needed to give it my 
best effort. 1 had a very good train- 
ing run this morning, and I was 
very comfortable at the start.” 

Lindh’s fourth-place showing 
was her best result m a World Cop 
race. T had the same sort of feeling 
at the start of today’s race that I did 
at MfcribcL” she said, referring to 
her silver medal in the 1992 Olym- 
pic downhill T made a slight mis- 
take at the top of the course, but I 
sided the bottom better than any- 
one else. I'm very happy, even 
though I don’t think I skied as weB 
as I could.” 

The World Cup overall leader, 
Pemilla Wiberg of Sweden, placed 
21st on Friday, bringing her point 
total to 720. Vreni Schneider of 
Switzerland, who competes only in 
slalom and giant slalom, is in sec- 
ond place with 698 points. The ear- 
ly leader, Wachter, who was 37th 
on Friday, is third with 654 points. 

On Saturday, the women will 


race a super-g. while Sunday's grant 
slalom win close out the three days 
of racing at Cortina. 

■ Rerun for Austria Snper-G 

The International Ski Federa- 
tion on Friday ordered a rerun of 
the Jan. 8 women's World Cup su- 
per-g race, which was stopped after 
only 33 of the 85 skiers had left the 
starting gales. The Associated 
Press reported from Oberhofen, 

This deprived Heidi Zurbriggen 
of Switzerland of her first World 
Cup victory. Sbe was leading when 
organizers at Altenmarkt, Austria, 
caned off the race after several 
competitors crashed on a course 
made treacherous by a sudden drop 
in temperature. 

The general secretary, Gian- 
franco Kasper, said the federa- 
tion's 18-member council in a split 
vote, overruled the race jnry, which 
validated the results only after the 
Swiss team protested. The place 
and date of the rerun will be set 
later, be said 

■ Kitzbuhl Session Halted 

The timed training session Fri- 
day for a men's Alpine skiing 
World Cup downhill race at Kitz- 
buhl on Saturday was called off 
because of rain, organizers said, 
Reuters reported 

The rain, combined with warm 
weather and fog on the upper part 
of the Strdf course, made training 
impossible, they said Organizers 
said they were confident that the 
race could be held as planned on 

Last year, the Streif downhill 
had to be canceled due to a lack of 
snow and warm weather. 

The necessary two practice ses- 
sions for Saturday's race have al- 
ready been held 

On Wednesday. Patrick Ortlieb 
of Austria, the Olympic champion, 
set the fastest time. In Thursday’s 
practice, Daniel Mahrer of Switzer- 
land had the best Hm 

Aw York Times Service 

CHIEFS (12-5) at OILERS (12-4): KEY STAT: Chiefs’ Joe Mon- 
tana is 15-5 in playoff games with league record 40 touchdown passes 
and 17 interceptions: he is 4-0 vs. ihe Oflers and team is 8-0 this season 
when it rushes 29 times or more. The Oilers have won five straight at 
home vs. Chiefs, including 30-0 victory in Week 2; Warren Moon is 6-2 
vs. Kansas City and threw for 527 yards vs. Chiefs in 1990 (second- 
most in league history), and Gary Brown’s five 100-yard rushing games 
most by an Oiler since Mike Rozier's five in 1987. 

COMMENT: Kansas City has not won m Houston since a 13-10 
overtime victory in 1983. In their lopsided loss there early in the 


regular season. Montana did not play. This could be the best game of 
the playoff bunch, since it is the only game that pits two divisional 
winners (Kansas City from the AFC West and Houston from the AFC 
Central). One can expect that Buddy Ryan's defense w3J come after 
Montana hot and heavy, but Montana is nimble enough and smart 
enough to make quick reads and quick passes. The game falls on 
Montana’s shoulders and in the Chiefs receivers’ hands, because 
Kansas City will most likely not run effectively in this game. That puts 
Montana right where Ryan wants him. Moon will not have as many 
problems with the Chiefs’ defense. Oddsmakers favor the Oilers by 7 

RAIDERS (li-6) at BILLS (12-4): KEY STAT: Raiders’ Jeff 
Hosteller is 4-0 in playoff games with six touchdown passes and no 
interceptions and is also first Raider to doss for 3,000 yards in a season 
since Ken Stabler in 1979. The Bills have won six straight playoff 
games at home; Thurman Thomas finished first in total scrimmage 
yards for fifth straight season, and Bruce Smith made at least one sack 
in 10 games. 

COMMENT : Here go the Raiders again venturing into cold weath- 
er with their coaches wondering just how the cold will affect the 
offense. The defense should be fine. But the Raiders rely on big-play 
passing and the key question is whether the receivers will be able to 
hold onto the ball in frigid conditions (game-time temperatures could 
dip below zero degrees Fahrenheit, or minus 18 degrees centigrade). 
Another problem for the Raiders is the Buffalo pass rush. It is much 
stronger than Denver's, so Jeff Hostetler wQl not enjoy the extra time 
be gamed vs. Denver in passing for three touchdowns. Add die cold 
and the fact that the Raiaers play their second game in six days, while 
the Bills had two weeks to prepare, and the odds and the game seem 
nearly insurmountable for the Raiders. Bills by 6 Vi. 

GIANTS ( 12 - 5 ) at 49ERS ( 10 - 6 ): KEY STAT: The Giants' coach, 
Dan Reeves, is 10-4 vs. NFC West teams; team is 10-2 when Rodney 
Hampon rushes for 1 00 or more yards, and Phil Simms has not been 
intercepted in his last seven games and only once in six postseason 
games. The 49ers are 10-3 in playoff games at Candlestick Park since 
1981. and Sieve Young in 10 postseason games has rvsbed for 184 
yards on 30 carries with tworushing touchdowns. 

COMMENT; The Giants hare to be encouraged by the fact that 
Hampton rushed for 161 yards vs. Minnesota and the league’s top- 
ranked defense that was allowing an average of only 95.9 rushing yards 
per game. The 49cis are not nearly as good vs. the run and if the Giants 

Koa Batertbe taadttd 

Kevin Gogan, left, and Frank Cornish kept their minds off the Packers with * game of one-ow-ooe in the Dallas locko- room. 

get Hampton going early, they are in this game for good. The flip side 
is not only Ricky Watters running at tailback but Young’s scrambling 
ways. too. He can takes negative play and tarn h into a positive with 
slippery moves and above average sp e ed. This should be a physical 
game from the opening kickoff and in that area, the Giants hare an 
edge. But look for San Francisco’s speed on offense to make the 
difference — and Young’s timely runs. 49ers by 7 Vi. 

PACKERS (10-7) at COWBOYS (12-4): KEY STAT: Packers, a 
league best 14-5 in postseason, recorded consecutive winning seasons 
for the first time since 1966-67 and lost, 36-14. at Dallas m Week 5. 
The Cowboys have played in league record 41 postseason games and 
own league mark 24 victories, Troy A ilc man has eight touchdown 
passes and one interception in four postseason games, and defense has 
not allowed a first half touchdown in its last 11 quarters. 

COMMENT: Dallas is very confident in this matchup. Dallas 
handled the Packers easily during the regular season and limited the 
Packers’ super receiver. Sterling Sharpe, to only four catches. That will 
change. Sharpe has become the focus of the Green Bay offense, and for 
good reason: he offers elurivemoves, good hands and excellent speed 
after the catch. He is strong. His matchup vs. coroerback Kerin Smith 
is worth watching: Smith made at least one interception in three of his 
last four games. Green Bay is riding high after its miraculous playoff 
victory at Detroit, but the bubble could burst here. Look for the Dallas 
offense to dick from beginning to end, and for defensive end Charles 
Haky to return to bruising form and nark the defense. Cowboys by 
14 . 

These Notional Football League matchups were 
George of The New York Tima. Odds wereprovi 

oared by Thomas 
by Hahah's. 

10 Years Later, Same Track, Same Cyclist, Same Goal: The Longest Hour 

By Samuel Abt 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Soaring on wings of suspect wax, 
Francesco Moser hopes to break the most revered 
speed record in bicycling on Saturday. Around and 
around and around an outdoor track in Mexico City 
he will go, propelled more than 25 feet with each 
revolution of the pedals as he aims to travel farther 
than anybody has ever gone in a one-hour ride. 

Can he do it? In the Italian’s favor is the fact 
that he set the record once before on the same 
high-altitude track. But that was 10 years ago this 
month and he is now nearly 43 years old and has 
been retired from competition since 1988. 

In his day — the late 1970s through the mid- 
1980s — Moser was a formidable rider, victorious 
in the grading Paris-Roubaix race three tunes, a 
winner of the Giro d'ltalia, a world champion on 
the road and track. Lately, he is a prosperous 
maker of wine and bicycles and a f amili ar figure at 
Italian races as a spectator and official. 

Until last summer he rode his bicycle solely for 
exercise. Then his record for the hour’s ride was 
broken and Moser announced that assisted by the 

esteemed sports doctor Francesco Concern, he 
would be back for another shot. Not to by to 
regain the record, Moser explained, but to see if he 
could better his own mark. A personal best was all 
he sough iv he said unconvincingly. 

Among those most unconvinced is Chris Board- 
man, the 25-year-old Briton who holds the hour 
record of 52.270 kilometers (32^70 miles). 

“F ve never considered that Francesco was going 
for a personal best,” Boardman said this week in a 
telephone interview. *Tt’s not logical to go to 
Mexico, have a track resurfaced, assemble some of 
the best doctors in the world, work with Professor 
Con coni, hare a bike developed — you don’t do ail 
that for a personal best.” 

“For s personal best,” he continued, "you hire 
tbs track in Stuttgart for the day. you get your old 
bike and you try to beat your old record." 

Agreed, theu. th3t Moser is going for Board- 
man's record, which was set July 23 on the indoor 
track in Bordeaux. The question remains: Can 
Moser do it? While the general feeling is no. two 
men who understand the record better than most 
think that be can. Neither sounds convinced that 
he will 

"Nothing’s impossible,” said Graeme Obree af- 
ter a h umming mantra of thought. Obree mastered 
the impossible on July 17 when be rode bb home- 
made and revolutionary bicycle around the track 
in Hamar, Norway, fast enough to break Moser's 
record. The 28-ycar-okl Scot covered 51.596 kxk>- 

Can Moser do it? While the 
general feeling is no, two men 
who understand the record 
better than most think he can. 

meters, or 445 meters farther than Moser's 51.151 
kilometers in 1984. A week later in Bordeaux. 
Boardman outdid them both. 

The ebullient Obree said be was pleased that 
Moser was going for the record. 

"He’s a true champion — he's come back,” be 
said. Obree is even pleased that Moser has copied 
his handlebars, his tricycle design and Iris aerody- 
namic riding position. 

"That’s very trice," Obree said over the phone. 
"No problem at alL” 

' Even better; £heSoot 'ocHitmued, waswhatnear- 
ly everybody else regards as one of Moser’s major 
flaws. T think the best thing is the age; trying to 
break it at his age," be said. "If you’ve got h, why 
not carry ouT 

Boardman was more cautious. “Forty-two is not 
a huge disadvantage when you can afford to corn- 
mil yourself to the task for a long period and you 
have the resources to prepare in any way you see 
fit,” he said. 

“He’s been out of competition but be hasn’t 

stopped riding a bike,” Boardman said. ‘The body 

doesn't change overnight; you develop something 
over many, many years and it doesn’t just disap- 
pear. He's never stopped tiding the bike and he 
won't be unfit tin the day he dies." 

“It’s feasible that he win break my record ,” he 
co ncl uded. “I don’t drink he can cruise it but I 
drink if s posable he can pip iL" 

. The thm air in Marico City will bdp Moser 
since H offers less resistance than Boardman en- 
countered at sea level in Bordeaux. That thin air is 

notoriously pofluted, however. Boardman noted 
this, saying, ^What has deteriorated in the 10 yean. 
since Moser set Iris record is the air quality' in 
Mexico — • that should be a big consideration.’’ 

If Maser does reclaim the record, both Board- . 
man and Obice intend to go after it again. 

“Yes, definitely , " Boardman said. “But in tire 
longer term, not the shorter one. Fve got my plate 
filled for the next year; trying to establish myself in ' 
the pro world.” He has signed for this season with . 
the Gan team based in France and wffl be compel- - 
ing mainly on the road. 

“Gan is way suppor ti ve of my going tor the ■ 
record again,” he said, “but in 1995, not 1994." 

There will be no such wait for Obree, who had 
already planned an attempt this year to beat 
Bcardman’s marie. If Moser gets there first, he l 
stud, he wifl shoot for tire new record instead. 

Obree, who organized his snccessful record at- ; 
tempt when he was broke and riving on welfare 
payments in Scotland, was impressed by the vast 
teonrical and financial support behind Moser. 

“If I'd had any of that,” he said with a laugh, "I 
would have done a breakdance ” 






0 ^V.^Q A V.^V 1 5.I6a^ 

Page 19 

v'- : > 

WASHINbTtjN •-* TSiaA W'.’ 
kctbaU coaches agreed on Friday to 
postpone their threa ten ed boycott .. 
initlmniVc rnBrirr names af’ 

01 HUS TOWM**w“*8 “(r“ •. 

ter the Write Hotw directed 
Justice Department to interveuem 

their dispute whh the ■NatiatHu 
CfeDegiiiie Athletic Aasodatino, • ; __ 
'Because' Ot ^interest- from the 
White floiMe, ^; 
jjiaii dig Iraffioo, said Braces 
1 |{j^^ 1 ^W^lnJMStou»/-ocecur 

Live (firector 

Gbffins, Democrat of IDmots, had 
asked fhecoadies to posqwneto: 
threat soothe Gongresaoual Stack 
r«npre have a dance to ibp- 

(Hltc iti the dispute^ ... . 1 r ■ 

. ^t^tosuOTgj^i^ 

■your toonbera topostpow jyta»ing 
a decision of suai «oncaL nof**" 
tance in hbtw of *»*?!. 

ac* as an artstiaior in the dispute- 
. ,ri£ we don’t, come to some kind 
<rf agrbfemeat or «t OTwk'* “ 
aititraUff, then, a boycott wfll W- 
pen xxa Saturday," Washington 
in Tidsa, Oklahoma. ' 

. He faded the specniamm w 
those who feared major fisruptiODS 
of weekend games and possibly 


«It is a very unfortunate «*“*■ 
^ *• “it’s ripht on the 

rftjKns chans berth the Boose 
Enemy' aria Conririen»^aibcou^ 
mittee that oversee the NCAA* and 
the 40-member Congressional 
BlackCaucas’s ta^cswrcrninter' 

tiotfViaML “Ifs right on the 
vase of bong nwSear. If we carft 

mow VtnH rd 

hi ^^^^£ecaiaas*'^dihP 

chairs, .vm s?£ 

Department on Friday mat a wa* 
in rnti»n«nt bot he tod 

TMOTarea io w* * 

not say speci&affly just 

‘'TbejusticeDepartma^ ex- 
pressed a .dearei to help pwfiate 

^?they look at* 
fog pgs A number of tiring? have 
festered far too 1 dd* w 

w . , j 

. In a letter to Wadurjston, Coir 
fins said the Wade coat** me 
understandably upset byjthe 
NCAA reiecting their mom to re- 
^.iKTSfel ^forn m-. 

Myhtkm I badretbaD program. . 

- But die said her task farce 
should fost have “an opportunity 
• to -afisdiss tbesris^wlh^moj: 

bos of both 

Association »nd the NCAA- 
fore any boycott. - 
Washington had said un 

- that he hoped the lawmakers 

cone to sane kind of terms, Tm 
reafiv afraid of the season itself. It ■ 
has to be dealt with. We’re reason- 
able meat, and I think the NCAA is . 

reasonable. But again, we ■ *»* 
T^ utp. promises that weren t kept. 

At tins week’s NCAA conven- 
tion, the membership voted down 
returning a 14th schdarihro to 
melon said the National Assoaa- 



dreds of nrinoaty students. 

The BCA initially listed a variety 

: wT^infTfnp asking players 


the Cardinals (11-2, £1 Metro 
Cmf ermce) snappy Tedis six- 

in dm second 

mm % n nniiHi nnthm nine on two 


the top spot “cofl^bask^tt- ^thM seoandskfl, andOCLAs 

The No. 2 Bine Devils were m ^ zidek added two iree _ 

sas j&^fessKi ^ ^ a , 


3 Suspects Held 
In Alleged Plot 

Hurt Skater 

half year* at Write Forest. Coach Uie / ^ ia (12 -2, 1-1 Pao-10) t«* a 
Dave Odom sa«L - : - q,™ wj - m overtime on Djflan 

the ball went through ttejw*et. 7 MBSSa da»ett!i 70, Jto-23 

So after Grant 5 VlqdWa 5& Dana Dingle 

footer for Duke m the dosmg seo- we5 *, cnatirw Massar 



_ ^ te tansiwKMrt ^S^ a> « ffl y«md m <le»*>ch“™ 

_ _ _____ 

k> IrirlnnP flf flV- 

O-btato* No 1 

tovih .2k 

•hough Alain penaua, a - 

SSTto contribute plenty of aropgw^- 
Phfliofe c “ n '’ "*»«nins at center out 

• - y nrea i/pump a*** ^— -- w 

mds and time :ia? out, tb eBtae . fl*Aflaritic 1°. 

intnbute puuuy __r ° C7, **» 
phiimTv* SeQa remains at center but ouier 

arsa‘aa*j ssss« 

PI Sdiael Bradley will again team up m mid- 
wiih Elwood in the Irish team, which 
field with u*ow» w ^ Wnq and earning 

■ S second rtnB0rt- se ** ,o - “' ; * 1( ^^^<beseco^ML 

bfo.5HCLA«VWrffagb«^ -nSTSdreyra t ied rk a t .7 l_on 
TfcTyusEdnwmattethego^wd L Macxm’s jumper with mne 

wirZ and two free ***”* 5^’se<x^rem“^ • 

thetrtreiditoh§witiiigDCiA XMdsvOe 5S, Vta*»a 

reaum undefeated. - • Lodsvflle, Kentucky. 


victoy over New Zealai^, finishes last 

Si favorite to ^ Fn£ Ireland wffl rdyu«;“j - 

unkm tournament, winch starte Sattuday- Elwood and hop® the traditi 

]^h,h0werer,-donH seed that way. French don't catch fire. 

- In November, aweek after ttaABBl^had jhe Welsh, the strongest and 


over the AH Blacks m 10 years. , wti^All Blacks but hope to bounce bat* ^ C | ;„^lrLa -still are looking for an inspire- 

^^tblriJP^W md,i “. s T»£ avtonfntAimsPaik. ragbyleaE^^^^S ^ 


s™ f^l’SScXrily win Andrew, a ptuscob^ « rf --.b-ri-i* 

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Compiled bv Our Staff From Dispatch* 
PORTLAND, Oregon — Two 
n>g p, including Tonya Hardings 
bodyguard, were in jaO. and a tfiirfl 
Twan surrendered Friday on charges 
that they had participated in the 
alleged plot to disable the figure 


were spotted leaving their rand 
home oo Friday. The awple had 
remained out of sight since Tues- 
day amid questions about thetr 

roles, if any. in the alleged plan. 

Neither Hardmg nor Gillooly 
answered questions and it was not 
known where they were going. 

Kerrigan, asked at a news con- 
ference Friday outside her Massa- 
chusetts home why wmcone would 
hither, said, “I dont think 1 could 
ever understand the answer be- 
cause i can’t think that viciously. 

She said her recovery was going 
wdl and that she did not expect the 
injury to affect her Olympic perfor- 
nini. She would not answer ques- 
tions concerning arrests in the case. 

Shane Minoaka Siam, sur- 
rendered Friday to the authorities 
in Phoenix, Arizona, aceontap to 
an FBI spokesman, Bart Gem, m 

P °Gori said Slant was charged with 
conspiracy to commit assault, a 
state charge, and unlawful flight, a 
federal charge. . , 

“He’s a paramilitary sort of guy 
who is familiar with weapons. 

Ctori said. Gori had described Slant 
as armed and dangerous and said 
be was believed to possess a slu t- 
gun and a 9mm semi-automauc 

pi Ctori said the FBI was not 
searching for any other suspects m 
the case, but said, “We |*ve * >me 
leads and are pursuing them-. 

The Portland asistant district at- 
torney, Norm Frink, did not re- 
spond when asked if mow arTesl 

warrants were expected. 

Harding’s bodyguard, Shawn 
Eric Eckarati 26. and Derrick Brian 
Smith, 29, were arrested Thursday 
night and charged with conspiracy 
^annmit assault m the auadtoo 
c-mean in Detroit last week. The 
a felony punishableby^ 

to 10 years in pnson and a 5lw,uuu 

^Meanwhile, indictments un- 
sealed Friday said Slant, Bk^dt 
and Smith conspired m la*® De- 
cember in Portland to ^ a .'Jr y 
£S intentionally cause P^f 
jury to Nancy Kemgan by mwns 
ofa dangerous weapomby strtionc 
NancvKorigan m tbe leg with the 


the attack, nor would hcanswer 
any other questions from reporters, 
inaudiflg whether more warants 

C CAUuulWU. 

A Portland radio suuon report- 

n roruanu "5,' 

ed that Slant was Smith s nephew 
The Oregonian newspaper said 
Slant was accused of being the hit- 
iti *r)c on Kern&an* 

JUDJl niU ^ 

man in the attack on Kerrigan. 
Siam checked into a suburban 

Siam uuv - . — u 
Detroit motel on Jan. 4 and re- 
mained there until Jan. 7, the day 
after the attack, investigators said 
in a report in Friday’s Detroit 
News. Smith is believed to have 
staved in the same mold. 

Kerrigan was forced to withdraw 
from the U.S. Figure Skaung 
Championships Jan. 6 after she was 
struck above the knee by a man 
wielding a club. Harding won the 
championships and ooth were 
named to the Olympic team. 

There was no indication that 
Harding was involved in planning 
the attack, the authorities saii ^ dis- 
puting a report by a Boston televt- 
non station that a sealed warrant 

contained her name. . 

Fox News quoted unidentified 
law enforcement officials as saying 
fei Smith acted as the getaway 
driver in the attack. 

The authorities said an arraign- 
ment was scheduled later Fnday. 

The Detroit police chief, Isaiah 
McKinnon, said on NBC 
Friday morning that more charges 
were possible in Michigan. He did 
not say who might be charged or 
snecifv anv charges. 

^“We here in Detroit, the Detroit 
Police Department, are w;orking 
Cith the local FBI and wtto Ae 
Wavne County P«^tc£sOfBa 
to solidify any possible prosecution 
from our end," be said. 

On Monday, brfore spedfic aUe- 
ga lions surfaced, Harding and GD- 
looly denied any involvement in 

* Thursday night Harding’s attor- 
ney, Dennis Rawlinson, declined 
comment about the case. 

Harding’s relatives and some re- 
ports have depicted Gfflodyw a 
Jealous man who abused Hardmg 
and restricted her access to other 

P< Thf U.S. Olympic Committee 
and the U.S. Figure Skaung Asso- 
ciation said that as long as Hfjd“8 
was not implicated m the attack, 
she had the right to remain on toe 

°$&*3Sa.«id Friday m 

Kerrigan could be back on the ice 
as early as Monday. 

After two days of physical toera- 
ny, her knee has shown significant 
improvement, toe association said. 

The USFSA statement saia Ker- 
rigan could be back on the ice as 
early as Monday or Tuesday. 

{AP, Reuters) 


— — — — p 



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Third Round. Second Leo 
Miertco Madrid 2. Real Maifrld 3 

hjtprnATIONAL classified 



(Continued From Pags 13 ) 

(03)3351 ■ 2Z70 . open everydor 


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Great Football Hits 

M IAMI — It is the time of year 
when we put the holiday sear 
sod be hind us; a time when we suck 
in our stomachs. leave the cozy 
confines of our homes, go hack out 
huo the working world, purchase 
some beer, return to our homes. lie 
down in Front of our TVs and let 
our stomachs protrude back em- 
it’ s time for the pro football 

I love to watch football on TV, 
and I will tell you coaly why: I 
have no idea. Perhaps the appeal of 
this violent game stems from some 
basic bidogrca] urge that guys have, 
dating back millions of years to 
when primitive, spearonying men 

would go into tire forest to hunt 
gam e for their families, and their 
very survival depended on their abil- 
ity to operate a remote control. 

Whatever the attraction is. a lot of 
women seem to be immune to it, I 
have seen women walk right past a 
TV bd with a football game on ana 
— litis always amraes me — not 
stop to watch, even if the TV is 
showing replays of what we call a 
“good hit." Which is a tackle that 
causes at least one major internal 
organ to actually fly out of a player’s 
body. The average guy might not be 
able to name the secretary erf state, 
but he can tell you who made the hit 
that turned Joe Tbeismann into a 
human Gumby — an injury so hor- 
rible to watch' that the TV people 
basically canceled the rest of the 
season so they could show dose-up 
replays of it in slow motion. (Just for 
the record: The player who made 
this hit is Lawrence Taylor. The sec- 
retary of state is a dweeb.) 

Every Th anksgi ving, my family 
attends' a gathering at the bone of 
our Friends Gene and Arlene. The 
women all gather in one room and 
talk about careers, relationships, 
world events etc., while the guys, 
most of whom see each other only 
once a year, all gather in front of 
the TV and stare, cowlike, at the 
football game. We even watch the 
pickup truck commercials, despite 
the fact that most of us are journal- 
ists who rarely' haul any payload 
larger than, say. a hagd. We do not 
talk, except to analyze the fine 
points of the game. 

FIRST GUY: Whoa! Look at 
that! What IS that? 

SECOND GUY: I think that’s 
his spleen. 

THIRD GUY: No. a spleen that 
travels that far is going to rupture. 
That has to be a kidney. 

I don't want you to think that all 
we guys do at this gathering is 
watch footbah- We also PLAY 
football, in the backyard. It’s a de- 
manding game. For one thing, each 
player has recently consumed his 
weight in anion dip. We play Stan- 
dard Backyard Touch Football 
Rules, which require that, on each 
down, the offensive players must 
spend a minimum of five minutes 
in the huddle, devising a pass play 
more complex than the Clinton 
health plan, calling for coils, 
hooks, slams, feints, cutbacks, la- 
terals, running all the way around 
the house, diving into the ham- 
mock, giving the ball to a small 
child and instructing the child to 
cry if an opposing player comes 
near etc. 


The main difference between our 
games and pro football is that some- 
times we score a touchdown. This 
virtually never happens in the NFL 
The referees won’t allow ft. They’re 
jealous of the players, because the 
players get to wear sleek athletic 
uniforms, whereas the referees have 
to wear darky little hats and pants 
that make them appear to have 
enormous butts. Ttey look Eke 
they’re smnggh'ng mattresses back 
there. So if a player scores a touch- 
down, the referees immediately call 
ft bade and make a complex an- 
nouncement over the loudspeakers 


My suggestions for making the 
NFL more exciting are: 

1. Allow the refs to wear cool 
uniforms and participate in end- 
zone dances, or . . . 

2. Allow the players to tackle the 
referees. (“O.K-, WE HAVE — 

. I urge the owners to consider 
the se sensible rhwngKs Also, while 
they're up, they should get me a 

Knigfu-Ridder Newspapers 


‘Claustrophobia : Russia’s 

i £'.v 

Tntemuunal Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — A word to sum up Russia today? Claustro- 
phobia, suggests Lev Doom, director of the Maly 
Theater of Sl Petersburg. Claustrophobia not only for the 
obvious reasons but also because a country so vast that 
vou fed you will never reach its borders creates its own 
kind of panic. 

“Claustrophobia is also a mental state that is interna- 
tional,*' Dodin says. “The processes that are going on in 
our country are happening throughout the world with the 


growth of nationalism and the dosing of mental and 
physical frontiers.” 

the Maly’s production of “Claustrophobia,” commis- 
sioned by the MC93 theater in the Pans suburb of Bo- 
bigny, has its world premiere there on Jan. 18. It grew out 
of an exercise Dodin gave his young troupe when they 
were playing in “Gandcamas” at Bobigayia 1992: to sort 
out their impressions on their first contact with European 
culture and Me. As if to show that the largely improvised 
work was on track, on the last day of rehearsals in SL 
Petersburg Vladinrir Zhirinovsky won his startling elector- 
al success. 

“Audiences might think we changed the piece because 
of the election, but it was already there,” Dodin said 
through his interpreter and dramaturge, Mikhail Stroma. 

Dodin’s work has always had its premonitory side: Hh 
1985 epic, “Brothers and Sisters," set in a collective farm 
at the end of World War H, opened the night Konstantin 
Chernenko died and it prefigured the perestroika era. 
“Stars of the Morning Sky.” nominally about the govern- 
ment's decision to shunt Moscow’s prostitutes out of sight 
during the 1980 Olympics, was really about the value of 
huma n life and humiliations that not only prostitutes but 
aQ people are subject to. 

“Looking at what is happening now, we see how low a 
value is put on human life," Doom says. “Gaudeamus,” a 
music a l fantasy set in a low-grade army unit, was a meta- 
phor for the dangers of nationalism in a dislocated society. 

All these productions will be seen again in Paris in the 
coming three months in a season that ends at the Odton, 
where Dodin and his company will perform their first 
Chekhov production, “The Cherry Orchard.” 

A director erf originality and pertinence, used to work- 
ing through allusion born because of his life under a 
repressive regime and because of his belief that theater 
transcends the particular, Dodin does not intend his work 
to be seen in a political framework. If “Claustrophobia” 
prefigures Zhirinovsky, he says, “There is always die idea 
(hat our past may one day become our future. And when 
we speak of the future, don’t we also speak of the past?” 

This year, both Dodin and the Maly celebrate then 50th 
birthdays. The Maty (Russian for small, as opposed to 
Bolshoi, or big), a former variety theater, was opened after 
the frightful siege of Leningrad in response to me people’s 
need for the healing powers of art Dodin, its director since 
1983, also t*arh«i at the Theater in«Hmi* and mixes his 
students with more experienced members of the troupe. 

Dodin was bom in Siberia, where his geologist father was 
working (his mother is a physician) and raised in a crowded 
communal flat in Leningrad where he escaped from his own 
claustrophobia by reading in the kitchen shared fay 50 
people. *1 imagined myself some w here rise no less real than 
dial Intfhjn This realtiy haratne vny mien-stin g to me 3nd 

expressing it gave me my impetus in art” 

: , ,:;.v 

Lev Dodin, director of the Maly Theater of St Petersburg, is staging hfe play m Paris. 

His arrival at the Maly ended 10 years in which he was 
banned from directing or teaching except in a guest 

S No explanation was ever given, though it is 
not unconnected with the fact that be is Jewish. 
The experience was not wasted — “I had time for accumn- 
•lation, winch is very important for an artist” — and his 
rare opportunities to wont during that decade gave him an 
intensity he has not lost “Each play far me was as if it 
were the last and tins is very good training. You have to 
invest everything you have in this one tiring.” 

In recent years, the Maly has become internationally 
known, at least in Europe. Their 1988 visit to New York 
with “Brothers and Sisters” was aborted by a shady 
producer but they will appear at the Broddyn Academy of 
Music in November. Doom first thought of doing “The 
Cherry Orchard" when leading, a workshop in 1992 in a 

looks, Dodin smiles and says, “We are doing it to find the 
answer to those questions. . 

“We are still working on the production but right now 
the starting point is that these people are living in a time of 
great change and at such moments people fed the passage 
of time acutely. That is why each person is particularly 
avid for the present and appreciates each moment of (he 
past. It is lue a fever.” 

How does tbe paneon Lopakhin fit into this world? 
“The only thing I can say is if 14years later the house were 
destroyed, Lopakhin would be destroyed as well and this 

ns fed quite special about Mm. Fm us he rs pagf of 

the fanrityi. He bdmrgs to the past rather than die fittnaL 
The future turned out to be very tragic.” 

All Dodin's work comments on the effect cf bistort to 
people andin recent works he has dcSberateiy mixed high 
ait and low. hi “Gaudeamus,” he used nmac from Boc- 
cherini to Santana, in “Claustrophobia" there is Mozart 
and Piaf. It is a way of tningBng human brutality and 
potentiality- “I want to remind man of the and and evil 
things be can do and also that he is God’s creaticsiTbe 
space between the two creates the aesthetic of the produc- 
tion-” • 

r Wvtin is to see how mriniptlrtant theater IS tP 

die West “I would love to make people think about 
t b«uw as a.cultural phenomenon, about its range and 
possibilities. I think it has become rather abased,' ratiter 
hie a production tine. With the exception of some, cot*’ ' 
s tanding personalities, theater in the West is flaccid.” 
The West, be says, has beat exhausted foe sortie time 
while his country is palling oat erf a torpor it was faffing 
into two years ago when It seemed that the fight against 
repression had been won. 

“It seems to me that now ibis sense cfabanstka is being 
overc om e in Russia, people are tired of being tired. 
There are new playwrights, interesting writers erf fiction. 
There was alime when people thought aB die problems had 
been exhausted. It tinned oat they were just beginning.” 
“And this gives birth to new energy. Itmeans that ifwe 
are alive and not im prisoned, something positive may 
. happen." 


Woody F3e$ Appeal 


. Woody Afleo, who lost an carte 
i4i%t custody batik with Mia Fsp- 

Bohns Stivtswad ts the first con- 
tributor to a fund to fight breast 
cancer set up in memory of Virginia 
C&ftsn Keltey, the president's 
mother, who died of the disease on 
Jan. 6. The Barbra Streisand Foun- 
dation donated .1200,000 to tbe 
fond at the Arkansas Cancer Re- 
search Center. 


ThpNevqpcrL Rhode Hand. Qty 
Council has voted to allow Arnold 
SchrarxeaeggePs movie company 
to-oeceed nose hunts for a chase 
seme with automatic weapons and 
an eacpCoffion m as action-comedy, 
tentatively tided Trim Lies.” 



Appean an Pages 4, 7 & 13 


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•8718 si • 


307 ,«u 



•4725 PC S. 


7/J7 -1/31 



-1/31 stl 

Z.OT -1 0\ 



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1861 7/44 


SMI a 


4 03 -3.77 



-3/27 c ■ * • 


Forecast for Sunday through Tuesday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 

Ag# v 


4. ■si ocr vi SMi 
11/S? 4/39 a 9/48 

6.M3 zos *1 409 
7/44 CT5 PC 4.T3 
-203 -4/25 sn 002 
10/50 4.OT pc 9-*48 

LnPafcruts 24/73 14.57 

LL-lxjn IZ'SJ 7.44 

LowSor. 5/41 2CS 

:*»W 'O’M 0/32 

1.1'Vbi 5*43 <V3Z 

|A>txw 104 4 .75 

Wjrtl 307 •:« 

Men 13/55 4/32 

O-* -2/29 -8/IB 

Pjfro 1203 4/33 

Pan, 7/44 JOT 

Fra-jw. 104 -JOT 

Rr-,bjT.rf. 1 7K -5/24 

sur :ezr? 

31 FnnwAuti -B in 

S'-Kttefcl 174 -JOT 

SnvJnirQ 4.-„9 1 W 

T.-*m -2/23 3OT 

.'ram 7/44 2.55 

VV/ra 305 . 3/29 

7/jnm 409 3,27 

Zmch JOT .1/31 

pc 12/53 
r 5/41 
pe 7/44 
1 SMI 
tf 0.32 
pc 409 
9 11/52 

■i -1/27 

* 9/48 
!h 6M3 
C 205 
pc 2r» 

5 1305 
5fl -2.29 ■ 

* -1/31 
r 403 
sn -1/31 
a 7/44 
pc 3/37 
c 1/34 
pc 3/37 


North America 

Bffleriy arid air «riD cover the 
eastern thUQ of (tie United 
States Sunday. Snow will 
overspread Chicago Sunday 
and reach the major North- 
eastern dies Monday. Cold 
weather n/mntertaOy mihe 
Midwest and Northeast 
again Tuesday. San Frands- 
co to Los Angeles will be 
sunny and mW 


London through Puds wM be 
dry and cold Sunday and 
Monday. It will him milder 
Tuesday aid e law showers 
wti arrive. Heavy snow will 
whiten areas from the Alps 
through Warsaw and St. 
Fctereburg eady neu woek. 
Madid wfl be mainly <fcy and 
chilly. Heavy nkn **8 seek 
southeastern Europe. 


Bitterly ootd air wtl envelop 
all of northern China and 
much of Korea Sunday Mo 
Tuesday. Snow w* eccom- 
pany the arrival ot the colder 
air in Seoul Sunday. Shang- 
hai wn turn ctridar early next 
week with clouds and driz- 
zle. Cooler eir may roach 
Hong Kong Tuesday. Tokyo 
w« hove showers Monday. 

Middle East — — 

Today _ Toraomw 
HV< LOW W Mgh Low 

23.73 IMS 9 23/73 16*1 pc 
23/73 17/62 pc 25/77 18/64 9 

OF OF OF cr 

18481 12/53 1 * 18/64 1305 PC 

15*9 9/48 pg 19/88 11/S pc 

12/53 4/39 pe 14/57 7/44 pe 

12/53 8 M3 c 14/57 8/48 pc 

18/BI 3JB7 pc 22/71 8/43 pe 

23/73 12/53 a 24/15 8/48 pe 

Krpon oral 

Legend: Murmy. popart* doudy.c-doulr- 
to- snow, Mca. W-WCatwr. A8 map*, tore* 



Today Tanwoow 
tflOh low W Mgh low W 

c/f an of of 

31/88 23/73 c 33/91 22/71 pc 
7(44 -5/24 1 -1/31 -14/7 pe 

1M4 15(99 pe 19(90 1801 pe 
31 AS 23/73 pe 32/99 23/73 pe 
20AB 13/55 e 21/70 13*5 pe 

5(41 -2/ZB a 4/38 -8/22 pc 

10*0 3/37 ■ 9/48 307 pc 

28*2 M/79 pa 28*2 24m pc 

M/88 14*7 c 21/70 15*8 pe 

8(46 -3/27 a 11*2 1734 pc 

/upan 17/82 11*2 a 15*8 8/48 pe 

Capa Tom 24/75 17*2 pe Z7*0 18*1 pc 

CaawMnea 18*4 7*4 a 16*1 3*7 pe 

Hint 21/70 7(44 pc 28/79 8/48 pe 

Lagos 31*8 22/71 S 31*8 23/73 pe 

tatad M/7S 9MB a 29/77 12/51 p 

Tins 17*2 8(48 a 15*9 4*8 pe 

North America 

Latin America 

Today Tomorrow 

Hah Low W High Low W 
Buenos Am 28*4 17*2 pe 28/70 18*4 a 

Caacaa 28*2 20*8 a 28*2 21770 * 

Uia 27*0 18*0 pc 27*0 20*8 pe 

HmnmCBy 21/TO 307 a 72/71 3*7 a 

HbdaJandro 27*0 S/71 I 27*0 22/71 c 

Saftiwp 29*4 «2«3 pe 29*4 12*3 pe 

wweni. H mte i m onTia. r-ram, d-anow iunies. 
and dwa p roaMad by AiUU W ae ttMi . Inc-Q tW* 

- 6 * 2 - 12/11 an 
-1/31 -tt /11 a 
-9/18 -17* pe 
-18* -22A7 pe 
14*7 -2*9 a 
-17/2 -3S7-7 a 
28/79 18*4 pe 
14/97 4(38 pc 
24/75 11*2 a 
21/70 8(48 a 

-2S/-7 -23*8 pc 
-Z2/-7 -27/-1B ■> 
26 m 18*1 pc 
-9/18 -17/2 pc 
25/77 10/50 a 
16*1 7(44 pc 

9(48 3*7 #1 
-19/-2 -25M2 * 
-7/20 -15* pe 

In New York, the intimate in Sushi Barsi lt Seats 5 

■1/31 -8/16 pc 
3*7 -209 pc 
■13/8 -14/7 pe 
-7/20 -13* * 
9/48 -7flO pc 
-9/16 -13/9 pc 
26779 19*8 pe 
12*3 5/41 * 
22/71 9/48 a 

19*6 16*1 pe 
-10/15 -21/-5 an 
-17/2 -26/- 14 pc 
24/75 18*8 pe 
-8/15 - 12/11 a 
22/71 7/44 a 

14*7 5/41 a 
8/46 4*9 C 
-13* -13* d 
■6/22 -8/18 8 

By Joshua Shapiro 

New York Una Service 

N EW YORK — Just below its signature 
Qrippendalfrstyle pediment, the top floor 
of the 35-floor Sony budding ai Madison Avo: 
nue and 56th Street bouses a tiny hideaway that 
is both the pride and a possible concern of 

When Sony moved into tbe former AT&T 
headquarters buflding in I992andremoddedil 
for 1,400 employees of Sony Muse Entertain- 
ment, it made only cosmetic changes in the 
executive dining spaces and meeting rooms on 
the top floor that are now coDectivdy known as 
the Sony Chib. The area, with dabaraternabog- 
any and marble, is a rarefied haven where 
executives and their guests eat, schmooze and 
conduct business while looking out on storming 
vistas of Manhattan. 

But in the window! ess core of the building 
Sony has created what may be the most degant 
deal-making space in the United States, a sushi 
bar with only five seats fin Japan, a set of four is 
considered unlucky), built at a cost of S250.000, 
according to Richard Bloch of YuiBloch De- 
sign, the designers of the renovation. 

Turning the 17-by-34-foot (5-by- 10-meter) 

into a miniatur e J; 

(he inspiration <rf Barry Wure, the Former owner 
and chef of the Quilted ^ Giraffe restaurant who 
is overseeing all of Sony's food operations. 

To work, the place had to be sobhisticared. 

unxverte was’ r 'k Tnmted palefie ofrestfiil grays and greens. At 

for people^ who appreciate quality of design and 
construction,” he said. “It had to be modem 
but not outrageous. And it had to be conrfort- 
aWe enough fora manager of a rock group to at 
next to the managers in suits and ties from the 
el e ctronic business.” 

To meet these requrrements, Wine drew on a 
crossed taral background. His Quilted Giraffe, 
winch was situated^ in the building’s street-level 
arcade; started with American emsme and 
evolved into a Japanese influence as a result of 
his annual travels to Japan. '• 

With a wealth of custom detail, the simple 
sushi bffl- space cost more than $500 a square, 
foot, nearly twice what industry expats say a 
commotiaL upscale restaurant might budget. 
Bloch said tbe goal was a cosmopolitan space 
with Japanese sensibilities, using color, texture, 
lighting, sound and even smell to create a sense 
of shibtd OfteraHy “astringenf’ as m tire taste of 
persumnoD, meaning austere bot rich in feefin^. 

The designers favored natural materials and 

: the e ntran ce-step, a row at pale-green straw 
lal»iiri iMN^(y.| tinm 9 finril ()fwiw y Thf 
Tttdian cotton, stretched ovw wood tod sound- 
. absorbent batting. 

"Tire waff trim arid dado, the lower part of the 
waH.^gk)Sw^y-grceauruaiH,iiatBial Japa- 
nese fecxmerclaiTOdOTmi tree sap. TTrelacquer 
was applied to sheets of. cer am ic instead of 
wood; wfiicft cycles of dry winters and humid 
summers in New^ York mold warp and distort 

The black, bowed granite sushi counter is the 
recycled Quilted -Giraffe bar, and a tiny river 
flows .through pebbles in a shallow channel 
separating the tuners from the chefs worktop. 
EzkA da^tfte^ft^qrfiolstered in a differ- 
ent color, “to confer a greater importance and 
individnality to io occupant,” Bloch said. 

Everything has been measured, ordered and 
contreoed — even tire pnbficfty. Perhaps be- 
cause the nor space doesn't fit the egalitarian 
image of Jaj»nere corporation*^ where enqrfoy- 
ees wear uniforms and share the same cafete- 
ria^ a company spokeswoman declined to an- 
swer specific apestkms about it. “It is for 
internal use only” said Sue Satriano. 

I ravel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 

ABET Access Numbers. 

How to call around theworkt 

1- Using the chan bdow, find thecoumry you are calling (tool 

Z Dial the corresponding «tKT Access Number. _ 

5. A n ABJ English- yealringC^ erany or vwce prompt will ask Ibr the phone number you wish to caff or connoct you^ ro a . 
customer service representative. 

To/ttHveyor free waSetcardof /O^/txxesBNtHitiwsi jnscdbi tfieaoceastiuinbaof 


ASIA/PACIFIC Hungary* 00*00041111 Chile 0Q*O91Z 

Australia 0014-881-011 Icdancha 99^001 jCofa^h 960-11-0010 

ChhsaJPBC— 20811 Irelagd 1-800*50000 T1i< 

Goam 01&VT2 Hal r 172-ltHl S5&T ~ ~ ■ 7 ~ „o 

Boo&Koug 800-1111 tie c ht e iw tei n* 1554M1 . >E1 Salvador* Ton 

ls**z mu***. iq SSS^ ; 

la to aedB* 00-801-10 LuxontMurg 0-8000111 - ~ — : — ■ — ■ — 

%** '— Mato- 0800690-110 


— 25S2SH ' ~ ~ 

New Zealand OgOgU 'Poland**- <U01Q-i8tKHli - — — J®. 

Philippines* 105-11 Portogd* (HUT-i-sn z: 

Rnssjg*tMogCO W) ■ 155-5042 Wnmanta - «-S00-f288 ^ 0tW410- 

Saipan* - 235-2872 Slovakia 7 0O420W1P1 80O11-12Q 

Singapore 8000111-111 Spain 900-99-00-11 ■ - CAiunitc AN . 

Sri Lanka , . .. 430430 Ovmfrn* 020-795^ Mbamma 1-600072-2881 

Taiwan* 0080-102880 S wlrx r iinal * 155-00-11 ' 1-800^72-2881 

Hong Kong 

Korea** • 


New Zealand 



83 b- 3# 
' . ai r\£u, 

coBtngcord | Imagine a worid where you can call country' io country as easily as you can from home. And 

reach the US. directly from over 1 25 countries. Converse with someone who doesn’t speak your 
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■m’x&jsx To use these services, dial the AST Access Number of the country you’re in and you'll get ail the 

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If you don’t have an ATST Calling Card or you'd like more information on ARST global services, just call us using the 
convenient Access Numbers on your right 


© 1994 Ansa* 

Sri Lanka . 

018072 Hair 

800-1111 L i echt enstei n* 
000-117 Ilthnantea 

00801-10 Urremhourg 

0039-111 Molar 

009-11 W ftwaw >» 

11* Netherlands’ 

aOOOOU Norwar " 

000-911 TUndV* 
105-11 Portagor 
■ 155-5042 Rnmante 

235-2872 Sfcwakla 
8000111-111 Spate 
430430 Sweden* 
0080-102880 S wtoaiiud * 
0019-991-1111 UJL 










0 ,17 4- 


' . 80011-120 

Taiwan* 0080-102880 s wltt pr iiml * 15500-11 - ?Bengoda* 1-600672-2881 

ThatoKh 0019-991-1111 oiT ' tBdiMrVx • 1-800B72-2881 

* EUROPE MZDPLEEAST •-/ - - JOt yrngn Maiyfr 1-800072-2881 

Aemeate" 8 * l4m Bahato • - 80000L ■Ogaria 4 - ~~ ij55ia a5 ? 

Angtria~~ 023^011 EgypT ( Cairo) 5100200 001-8QO972-28Q 

B gtgtum* 078-11-0010 fcrad 177-100 -Z727 Wook** 000^872^1 

Bulgaria 00-18000010 Kuwait 800288 fNefij.Antfl 

czoanr* gwggou irbaotmCBefruf) -426<0ir js^Baafftevig l-8QOS72-^~ 

Cyprus* . 080-90010 Saudi Arabia' 1-800-200 Atom-* “ 

Czech Brp 00420-00101 Ttotey* OOOOQ-12Z77 IGabon* ^ 

8001-0010 , AMERICAS 5 55? ^ ^ ; 

i 9800-100-10 ArgenriBae OOl-aOCWOM iii feaya * " <35 ua- 

ftMQC 19*-0011 Belize* . m • xflKda " m V_uL y 

Cerxggn y 013*4010 Bofiva* '" "momui "Jto? ^ v TSZL 

g”*** WHXXWn M O OMPM 1 ^ 

Wcamoriwitt ro; mgWtcaproxt-faYicr ■ - ■ ^.-7. 

n«aar»iigiM ^efcaM ewetaairi*aat *AMixtmdikih6U.' ■csa.-**'''. 1 **' *• - v 

^Wnawee»MW * *pro4crcple«pl>0fc'CTmbfdiUmK. , 

EmomuirjDua/mu • • **~~~niM eotmeartomt , u .lie gg * + ^ ' V 

Bulgaria- ' 
Czech Rep 
ppurnarie 1 




00-420-00101 Turkey* 

8001-0010 ’ 

980D-10fr-l0 Af ggnriafl* 

I9*-0011 Belize* 
0130-0010 Bofivja* 
00600-1311 BrazS 




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