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INTERNATIONAL 



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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


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Paris, Wednesday, January 19, 1994 


No. 34,4?“ 





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CampOedbf QarSuffFtom Dbfuuha 

— A 4J4W after an. earth- 
cpiake kfflcd 34 people, residents were jolted 
again by violent aftershocks, straggled to move 
on shattered freeways and searSeri thrmi gb 
collapsed boildmgs for more victims. 

® ant _^TOks of the region's Trital freeways 
lay smashed,, foretetiing months orpethaps 
years of traffic snarls tn a city whose readents 
virtually five in their cars. 


-mam Olive nmi srr y m tty. pyn ppr tY 

^ 57 WKon called 
m the 1989 San ftawascoqoake. :: 
jV major aftershock, measarihg 4.7 on the 
Rtciuer scale andstroog enough to a mp fur- 

Thae^Saa afteafaocfcirf emmS mSi! ^ 
minutes later. . • ' ■. 

The White Home' said Taesday that Presi- 
dent Bill Gtimcm would fly to Arany ifa on 
Wednesday to idat the scene nf tiw q it«w 
The death toll rase to 34 on Tuesday when 
fescue woricerefomid the body of a 16th victim 
in as apartment budding that rtfflfa jw wd near 
the quake’s epicenter, in saborbanNorAridg-. 

The quake. Monday measured 6.6 on the 
Rkiitff scale. It .was the strongest earthquake to 
hit LosAngries since Feb. 9, 1971, when 64 
people were killed in.a temblor thal musured 
6.5 on the Richter scale. The 1989SaaTraiias- 
co quake measured 6S and killed 67. 

On. Monday, anestnnaledl,870peopfc were 
injured and more than 15,000 left homeless. 
Thousands of others were afraid to sfeepin 
their undamaged homes for fear that thar cod- 
ings would crash down.'. 

One .aftershock, after another rumbled 
through the area Tuesday, adding to the dam- 
age, causing more injuries and fear! 

“Please, please, please mala it stop,” pleaded 
an dderty woman in suburban Part- 

Schools and many businesses remained 
dosed Tuesday, but many Los Angdcy resi- 
dents took to their cars, r anging traffic gridlock 
around the sprawling city. 1 

The California Highway Patrol said a normal 
90-minnte commote from the Antdope VaBey 
to downtown Los Angeles would take sx bouts. 
A section of the Antelope- Valley freeway col- 
lapsed Monday, kflEng a motorcycle poEco- 
man. /, ■ ■•••:• . •. 

City officials said almost every facet of life 


eles Amid Gridlock on the Freeways 



vrvij i«u4 ux iitb — — ^ — .■ r 7 “ . ■ " — " r T- — — ” — — - — - — - — — ■ — - — - — — — - — ~ — — — ■ — — — ■ — ' — M^ii Bailii 1.ut 

See QUAKE, Page 8 : A woman and cfafld sitting amid the rabble of their apartment braiding, winch was devastated by the earthquake, in the San Fernando Valley town of Pacoima, California. 


1 



« .•»« — i ^ n * r onPardoM 


1 


InutmztUmil ffavfd Tribune - 

WASHINGTON —President Ronald Rea- 
gan, wiuk not legaHycolpable, embraced “wiS- 
fuT acts by aemorakfeHa die fern-contra 
scandal of the 1980s and later acquiesce d m a 
White House oovewy . the mri rpe ayfe nt ptose- 
mtOT in the ctw saidTbesda^. 

In issuing his final iqwst after a seven-year 
investigation, dm prosecutor, Lawrence TL 
Walsh, argued stringy that tibe sale of aims to 
Iran in the 1980s andtheiHegal (fiveraon of 
anns-sak profits ^hficamgittXantirOimnin^ 
nist rebels did not repres e nt a “rogue* operas 
tion by White House qpgalive s- 

Mr. Walsh also contended that evidence was 


ident George Bush, brthehaa^ criticized the 
1992 pardon of Iran-contra figures that Mt 
Bush issued as preadect, ca tting it “the most. 

Unjustified act” ' - > ’ 

Evidence was not sufficient, Mr. Watahsaid, 
to prosecute either Mr. Rea gan ; Mr.. Bush; 
Presklent Reagan’s attorney general, Edwin 


.mV -.«> 
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Mandela Weighs 
Non-ANC Leader 

PRETORIA (Reuters) —Nelson Man- 
dda said Tuesday his African National 


preadmt of South Africa after the historic 
all-race elections it is expected to win in 

A ^We stand for a government of national 
unity," be said after a meeting with For- 
eign Minister Akin JuppA of France in 
Pretoria, ?lt may wdl be that we nay 
consider it in the interests of thepeopte of 
South Africa as a whole; to have a presi- 
dent, a bead of state; fram ontade the 
ANC,” he said. 

OanaralNawt 

Bosnia tirife -reopened; ^trfks in Geneva, 
but they feH apart fast. * 

Bade Review 









s^^shhibz^sbb 









■ ■■■I m riTrnimf 


Meese 3d; or Mr. Reagan's White House chief 
df staff. Donald T. Regan. ' 

At a neWs conference, Mr. Walsh, a court- 
appointed special counsel, said that Mr. Rea- 
1 he was serving theoonntry" and 
l *^o sdfcMtered purpose” by broadly an- 

duTOT7ing ?fn««Af pniCTt<iMd gwitntheNKMra- 

gnan rebels, known as ocmtras. 

’ . “It was in no way-a rogue operation.** Mr. 
Walsh Said. Rather, he described die scandal as 
"awfllftilpairof acts embraced by a president 
and carried embypasous who wmzted to serve 
die prestdmfa policies but found they could 
not do so without running a risk ofviohning the 
law.” - 

Mr. Meese and Mr. Bush immediately de- 
nounced the report’s condnskus as unfair and 
■unsupported by the facta. A statement from 
Mr. Reagan, said the report ^ was little more than 
. a “vehicle feir baseless accusations." 

MrlWalsfa was far more critical of Mr. Bu&b 
. than Mr. Reagan, saying that Mi. Bush “can 
never justify” las Christmas Eve 1992 pardon of 
formttDefaise Seortary Caspar W.wdriber- 
ger and five other iran-ccntra figures. 

“Presaent Bosh wffl always nave to answer 
for thAjpardoo," Mr. Walsh declared. 

Mr. Walsh had accused Mr. Weinberger of 
concealing his handwritten notes, which dc- 


Tbe scandal enipted in 1986 while Americans 
remained hostage in Lebanon and while the 
Reagan White House was seeking to support 
rebels ' fighting the leftist Sandhnsta govan- 
ment in Nscaragua. Qmgress, in a break with 
"Wtete House policy, voted to cot off aid to the 
rebels. • 

" It was soonleanted that Unarms had found 
their w to Iran in WKte House effort to buy 
die freedom of the American hostages, an arms- 
for-bostages swap that Mr. Reagan had public- 
3y vowed never m pursue. 

U was also learned that, in an operation 
directed by the White House, some of the 
proceeds from die sale the arms to Iran bad 
bee n used b y tbs contras to perebase weapons. 

• : obtained aravictitras against. 11 

people m the.affair, but his two major convic- 
tions were lost on appeal —the cases aramst 
John MJPcfadexter, the former White House 
national security adviser, and Oliver L Ntmh, 
a member of Mr. Reagan's National Security 
Gouncfl staff. . . 

r "Sr. North masterminded the plan to sell 
arms to Iran and divert the proceeds to con- 

: See COVER-UP, Page 8 


Russian Turmoil Spurs Rush on Dollars 


By Steven Erianger 

. Nett York TUna Service 

■ MOSCOW — - Russians , damored to buy 
dollars,- and the ruble fdl sharply again Tues- 
day, as President Boris N. Ydtrin and his 
prime minister, Viktor S. Chemomyrdin, ap- 
parently failed to settle on the composition of 
anew government without the country's best- 
known market reformers. 

After six hours of talks, the president and 
the prime minister left in the eveing for their 
country bouses, and a spokesman said they 
might meet Wednesday. Tbear inability 
to announce a new government left a small 
degree of suspense about Finance Minister 
Boris G. Fyodorov, who has come to symbol- 
ize the fate of economic reform itself follow- 
ing the resignation Sunday of Yegor T. Gai- 
dar. 

Mr. Fyodorov, who turned down a job in 
the new government on Tuesday because his 
conditions had not been met, was said to be 
bolding Ins options open in case Mr. Yeltsin 
afford him a counterproposal 

Mr. Fyodorov's apparent departure from 
die government prompted panic on Tuesday, 
as Russians stormed currency exchanges and 
banks to try to tom their increasingly deval- 
ued rubles into dollars. 

On the Moscow currency exchange, despite 
central bank intervention, the ruble fdl 7.3 
percent, to 1404 to the dollar, down from 
1,402 on Monday. 

That means the ruble has lost 21 percent of 
its value since the beginning of the year, when 
it traded at 1,247 to the dollar. 

This kind of panic can only hdp Mr. Fyo- 
dorov, though Mr. Ydtrin is hkdy to resent 
the pressure the young man is putting on Mm. 
But the oie person M. Yeltsin cannot afford 
to offend is Mr. Chernomyrdin, who can 
argue thal the December elections were a vote 
far softer reforms and more help to faltering 
industry, caught between communism and a 
nascent market. 

Western diplomats who have tried to be 


sanguine or even dismissive about the resig- 
nation of Mr. Gaidar, after his parry, Russia s 
Choice, did worse than expected in Decem- 
ber elections, regard the fate of Mr. Fyodorov 
as an important indicator of Russia's near- 
tenn future. He is a tough bureaucratic in- 
fighter who has tried to rein in excess spend- 
ing and cut inflation. 

If Mr. Fyodorov quits, after the departure 
of Mr. Gaidar, the architect of Russia's re- 
forms, “then it would be very difficult for 
Yeltsin and Cheinomyidm to convince any- 
one that reform will be preserved," Mikhail 
Berger, the respected economics editor of 
Izvestia, wrote Tuesday. 

A senior Western diplomat said: “If Fyo- 
dorov goes, so does the likelihood of real 
economic stabilization." Asked if President 
BiD Clinton would be embarrassed by the 


damage to the prospects of economic reform, 
after his meeting here last week, he answered: 
“I would think more furious than embar- 
rassed." 

Mr. Fyodorov, 35. had given an ultimatum, 
saying he would only stay on as finance 
mmisier if the anti-reform director of the 
central bank, Viktor V, Gerashchenko, was 
replaced; if a socialist deputy prime minister, 
Alexander K_ Zaveryukha, did not outrank 
Mr. Fyodorov; and if the Finance Ministry 
had a veto over most financial decisions of 
the government. 

Mr. Fyodorov’s challenge to Mr. Yeltsin — 
to choose a new generation of economic re- 
formers over older figures from the Soviet 
Communist bureaucracy — was reportedly 
rejected, and Mr. Fyodorov refused the fi- 

See RUBLE, Page 8 


• 3*1. 

k — IF'- 



Von Kjt Uta yfAtaict Fmoe-Prax 

Money-changing was brisk Tuesday in Moscow as the raMe fell to a record low. 


Brain Trust Finds Lenin Was Merely r Talented 9 


Reuters 

MOSCOW — Russian scientists, lifting a veil on 70 years of secret 
research on Lenin’s brain, exploded another Communist -myth on 
Tuesday by revealing that it was much like anyone else's. 

“In the anatomical structure of Lenin’s brain there is nothing 
sensational/* said Oleg Adrianov, director of the Moscow Brain 
Institute where experts have spent most of this century trying to 
establish the secret of the Bolshevik leader’s genius. 

Lenin's brain, Mr. Adrianov told the Itar-Tass news agency, was 
“undoubtedly the brain of a taknted man." 

But he said the area of the right hamsphere’s outer surf ace was only 
just bigger titan average, and the^ weight of the brain; at I -34 kilograms 


(2 pounds 15 ounces), was less than two- thirds the weight of the 
novelist Ivan Turgenev’s. 

Lenin’s brain, dissected into thousands of slices, has lain in exalted 
company at the secretive institute, perhaps the most bizarre and 
Orwellian feature of the cult surrounding him. It was joined over the 
years by the brains of such figures as Statin, the Soviet revolutionary 
poet Vla dimir Mayakovsky and the moviemaker Sergei Eisenstdn. 

Mr. Adrianov said Lenin’s brain lacked “the sharply defined 
‘speech faculty' areas we discovered in the outstanding orator Vladi- 
mir Mayakovsky." 

Of Lenin's successor, be added dismissively: “In Stalin’s brain we 
didn't find any special features at alL" 


US, Locomotive Has Lost Steam, but It’s Still Out Front 


ArttflteS..-TUO FF Dh 

Cameroon. CFA ff 

Senega!— 960 Ca=A 

Gabon — M0CFA Spain -_2WPTAS 
Greece- — -300 Dr. Tunisia. —TJMO Din 
(very Coast .7.12DCFA jvrfcey .'.T.L, IZOOO 
Jordan...... — 11 jtf * 1/.A.E— .~S;50 Dirt*. 

Lebanon „.US$ 1-50 U4. MIL (Eur.) SUD 


. By Lawrence Malkin 

• IfUcmadunal HeraM Tribune 

NEW YORK — Of an tbe industrialized 
worid's economies, that of the United States 
provides the strongest hast far growth in the 
canting year. When America's economy domi- 
nated the wadd 40 years ago, it would have 
: out prosp eri ty from Toly? to Trieste, 
year, h win mainly set a good example, 
because the sources of global prosperity now 
ais diffuse.- 

No more quick dashes few growth. No huge 
head of steam to pull the rest of the woridHkc a 
locomotive. The authority fin this is no less 
than President Bill Ctintou- 

“We’re trying to have slow, steady, tfiso- 
ptined growth that wiB lead to a vigorous but 
nonmflatiamny economy” the preadent said 
in December. 

Virtually a& private forecasters agree that 


, : a strong 

start underwriting real growth of about 3 per- 
cent, meanptoymeat diminishing only slowly 
and an inflation rate that will probably be lower 
than the real growth rate for the first time since 
die economy emerged from tbe recession of 
1982. 

“Wearejust not the power we used tobe, and 
the Third world is taking an increasing portion 
of global trade,” said Brian Fabbri, an interna- 
tional economic consultant What’s more, be 
said, by running a trade deficit that has in- 
creased from 173 billion in 1991 to about 5125 
billion in 1993 and about the same in 1994, the 
United States has already done about all it can 
to stimulate the wodd economy. 

“We usually discover locomotives when we 
ttO somcone else to be one," said Alan Stoga of 
Kissinger Associates. 

This time no one is bring Ktid. Instead, 7bo- 


any Undersecretary Lawrence H. Summers, 
the administration's print man for internation- 
al economic coordination, is preaching that 
virtue is its own reward: Lower interest rates 
for Europe, highs' deficit spending for Japan, 

When and How? 

Ending tfte world recession 

Lost in a series of articles on reluming the 
world’s industrial economies to 
competitiveness and real growth. 

and industrial restructuring for both along 
American lines will help tbe world recover. 
Mr. S umm ers contends that UJS. 


already set Its own example By finally halting 
the growth of the federal budget deficit, the 
p dfmrririratirtn has proved Mr. Summers' the- 
sis. Lower interest rales are stimulating bous- 


ing, automobile production and business in- 
vestment. Wall Street agrees. 

“Low rates are all tbe administration has to 
r?n/yJ oui the drag of tbe higher taxes it im- 
posed to cut tbe deficit," said Robert Giordano, 
chief economist of Goldman Sachs — whose 
old boss, Robert Rubin, now is Mr. Clinton's 
chief economic coordinator. 

The scenario is so wefl understood by Ameri- 
ca's partners that the Clinton Treasury, unlike 
its predecessors, did not bother to pies for a 
turo-of-the year meeting by the Group of Seven 
finance ministers. 

But there are other, more fundamental rea- 
sons why an economic explosion more country 
does not automatically light the fuse in ite 
trading partners. 

No longer does the world’s principal eco- 

See GROWTH, Page 8 


Clinton Takes 
New Blow as 
Inman Drops 
Pentagon Bid 

Defense Nominee Cites 
Attacks in News Media 
And Partisan Politics 

By Joseph Fitcheu 

International RercIJ Tribune 

WASHINGTON — In a blow to the Clinton 
administration's efforts to strengthen its man- 
agement of security issues. Bobby Ray Inman 
abruptly withdrew Tuesday as the president's 
nominee for secretary of defense. 

The precise reasons for his withdrawal were 
unclear, but Mr. Inman complained in a letter 
to the preadent and at a news conference about 
what he called biased attacks on him in the 
news media and partisan opposition from Re- 
publicans in Congress. 

He unleashed a tirade of accusations at Wil- 
liam Satire, the New York Times columnist, 
accusing him of McCarthyisl tactics in blacken- 
ing his reputation while other journalists, gov- 
ernment officials and friends were failing to 
come to his defense. 

Mr. Satire has bees almost alone in publicly 
attacking Mr. Inman's qualifications for the 
Pentagon job, but Mr. Inman said the journalist 
was working with Rqpublicans, including Bob 
Dole of Kansas, the Senate minority leader, to 


damage the Democratic administration of Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton. 

[Mr. Dole said Mr. Inman was “probably not 
qualified to be secretary of defense if he has 
fantasies like that,” Reuters reported. 

(“1 don't work for tbe newspaper,” he said. 
“He has the right to say anything he wants. He 
probably didn't want the job.” 

[Mr. Satire declined to respond to the charge 
immediately, and an aide said be would address 
tbe matter in his column.] 

Tbe implication in Mr. Inman's remarks was 
that be would face harsh questioning in the 
Senate that would have tarnished his reputa- 
tion. His background includes stints running 
the National Security Agency, which handles 
government eavesdropping, and working as the 
deputy director or the Central Intelligence 
Agency, where he was, in effect. Congress's eyes 
and ears concerning U.S. undercover work dur- 
ing the Reagan administration. 

The Senate hearings also would have looked 
into his personal life, particularly his business 
dealings in the years since he left government. 

Mr. Inman seemed confident, even in step- 
ping down, (hat he could have ridden out the 
effects of his failure to pay Social Security taxes 
on a baby sitter be employed — charges similar 
to those that sank nominations at the start of 
the Clinton administration. 

His record would certainly have come under 
dose congressional scrutiny regarding his role 
on the board of directors 31 a Pennsylvania 
defense contractor. International Signal & 
Control After tbe company was purchased in 
1989 by Ferranti International PLC, a British 
defense contractor, il was accused by its new 
owners of siphoning off millions of dollars from 
Pentagon contractors. 

Mr. Inman said his decision to withdraw was 
a consequence of a fractious climate in Wash- 
ington 


major ch a n ges in defense policy. He mentione 
the personal attacks on Mr. Clin ion, along with 
the threat of similar attacks being directed at 
him 

Mr. Inman had been chosen as a bipartisan 
specialist whose position at the Pentagon would 
bolster tbe Clinton administration’s credibility 
in managing foreign policy and defease issues. 

His abrupt refusal to go forward will prolong 
tbe impression of a vacuum in defense policy^ 
making and add to the list of misjudgments on 
high-level personnel that have dogged tbe Clin- 
ton administration. 

Mr. Clinton was hoping for renewed stature 
as a result of just-completed summit meetings 
with European leaders and with the Russian 
president. Boris N. Yeltsin. Mr. Inman said 
that be bad delayed the announcement of his 
withdrawal so as not to spoil prospects for the 
Clinton trip. 

In his letter to Mr. Clinton. Mr. Inman said. 

Sec DEFENSE, Page 8 


Japan to Accept 
Foreign Bids 

By Paul Blusteiu 

Washington Pea Service 

TOKYO — The Japanese government ap- 
proved cm Tuesday a plan for opening up 
bidring on major public works projects to all 
qualified companies, including foreign ernes, 
responding both to widespread disgust at home 
over corruption in the construction industry 
and to the threat of American sanctions. 

The plan, given backing by the cabinet of 
Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa, provides a 
detailed blueprint for implementing Tokyo's 
broad pledge of Oct. 26 to introduce open, 
competitive bidding on public works. 

In an apparent coincidence, Tokyo prosecu- 
tors arrested on Tuesday two officials of 
Obayashi Cbrp., a construction company. The 
two are suspetted of paying a 10 million yen 
($90,0001 bribe in 1992 to the then-mayor of tbe 
northern city of Sendai. The executives were the 
latest of more than 30 people who have been 
arrested on suspicion of swapping cash for 
contracts. (Page 15) 

Tokyo's Oct 26 pledge came as a U.S. sanc- 
tions deadline loomed. At that time. Washing- 
ton hailed the move as historic, but said it 
wanted to see the details, and postponed the 
sanctions deadline for nearly three months. 

In Washington, a spokesman for Mickey 
Kantor, the U.S. trade representative, said Mr, 
Kan tor was studying the plan and would an- 
nounce Thursday whether Washington ap- 
proved of it or would go ahead with sanctions. 

A Foreign Ministry official went out of his 
way to rebut suggestions that Tokyo was acting 

See JAPAN, Page 8 


r*o, 


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5 ; *• i * 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1994 


** I / : 


Bosnia Rivals Reopen Talks, but They Fall Apart Fast 


Watfcngnm Past Service 

GENEVA — The Bosnian peace negotiations fdi 
into shambles here Tuesday, with Serbs and Muslims 
accusing each other of rejecting the proposed outlines 
fora settlement and of preparing to make war instead 
of peace. 

The talks, resumed after a monthlong break in 
which the fighting in Bosnia steadily escalated, seemed 
to be headed for a total breakdown, threatening to 
touch OR the worst round of fighting since the bloodi- 
est conflict in post-World War n Europe began 21 
months ago. 

Early Tuesday morning, David Owen, one of two 
international mediators in the talks, said that pros- 
for success were “not very high." Tborvald 






plenary session bringing together all the participants, 
including President Slobodan Milosevic of Serbia and 
President Franjo Tudjman of Croatia. 

Mr. Milosevic said Tuesday he had reached no 
understanding in his talks with the president and 
prime minis ter of Bosnia, calling them “one endless 
discussion" and complaining "there are always new 
requests." 

The Muslim-led Bosnian government came to this 
latest round of negotiations bolstered by a string of 
military successes against both Serbian and Croatian 
forces and visibly more confident of its mOitaiy posi- 
tion than ever before. 

Radovan Karadzic, the leader of the self-pro- 
claimed Serbian state in Bosnia- Herzegovina, said the 

Duaim „n. m n iuftnt nrac innitinn that tpnitMtM tuith 


The Bosnian Serbs, who have lost ground for the 
first time to several counteroffensives launched by the 
Bo snian Army since November, arrived here with a 
warning from Mr. Karadzic that if there was no 
agreement “we shall have to prepare for all-out war." 

Mr. Karadzic said be saw only “a very small 
chance” for any agreement here. 

It was almost immediately evident that neither the 
Bosnian Serbs nor the Muslim-led Bosnian govern- 
ment d | *^g nt M >n was really ready to make the kind of 
compromises that will be necessary to obtain an 
accord. 

The Serbs came to the talks with a revised map for 
their proposed partition of Bosnia into three ethnical- 
ly bared independent states that would give the Mus- 

limc urartlu SA m ri- n nl nf llw isminmi 


would still keep 52 percent, and the Croats would be 
gjven the remainder. 

Even brforc the two delegations had met to discus? 
the Serbian map, Mohammed Sadrbey, die B osnian 
government spokesman, rejected it, saying the land 
being offered to the Muslims was not viable. . 

Mr. Sadrbey also asserted that the United Nations 
and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization were not 
lending their support to hdp achieve a peace settle- 
ment. He said that the postponement <rf the use of 
force to open the airport at Tuba and extricate its 
troops from Srebrenica, ordered by the UN seczetaiy- 
general, Butros Bums Ghali, was "not very helpful* 

Mr. Sadrbey called the decision to further study the 
use of farce, which was announced Monday, further 


J .V.. T TXT 


“has nnwhffin Jess conducive" io a set dement-' Muslim majorities seized by the Serbs and “ethnically This would meet at least on paper the demand set “that the status quo is the best way to proceed.' 

A spokesman for the conference said it was still cleansed" had to be returned as part of any peace forth by the European Union that the Muslins be w fYr _ AWAV 

mccrta^ whether it would be possible to hold a agreement. given at least one third of the total temtoiy. The Serbs —DAVIDS. OTTAWAY 


Sowing Uncertainty 
In Eastern Europe 


By David B. Ottaway 

Washington Post Service 

GENEVA — The U.S. diplo- 
matic offensive in Eastern Europe 
left behind unanswered questions 
about whether American policy to- 
ward the region will move beyond 
rhetorical sympathy for its eco- 
nomic and security concerns. 

After some early complaining, 
the U.S. proposal of a Partnership 
for Peace offering limited mfiiti&y 
cooperation with NATO was em- 
braced by the leaders of the eight 
Fa -a European and Balkan nations 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

visited by President Bill Clinton or 
his envoy, Madeleine K. Albright, 
the U.S. representative to the Unit- 
ed Nations. 

But this was mostly because the 
U.S. plan, together with Mr. din- 
ton’s presence in Prague and Am- 
bassador Albright’s 11-day tour of 
the regkm, offered these desperate- 
ly insecure nations the first signs of 
attention from Washington. 

Their leaders were delighted to 
bear Mr. dinton and Mrs. Albright 
repeatedly say that their security 
was of “direct and material inter- 
est" to the United States. 

Yet, no one in the Albright dele- 
gation was ready to explain exactly 
what that means, ft was carefully 
crafted as a substitute for the words 
“security guarantees" — which 
NATO and the United States want 
to avoid as they develop a new 
relationship with these countries. 

Meanwhile, the actual aid offers 
from Mr. Clinton and Mrs. Al- 
bright were noticeably modest — 
primarily of indirect technical sup- 
port of regional cooperative pro- 
jects. 

Neither was there any hint of 
U.S. loans or grants to the coun- 
tries bordering on Serbia. Their 
economies have taken a battering 
because of the cut in trade and 
transportation Hnlrs with Serbia in 

France Recalls 
UN Commander 
From the Balkans 

Reuters 

PARIS — France announced on 
Tuesday that General Jean Col, the 
outspoken United Nations com- 
mander in former Yugoslavia, mil 
return home at the end of March. 

A Defense Ministry statement 
said France had asked that General 
Cot, who has disagreed openly with 
the United Nations secretary-gen- 
eral Butros Butros (Hull over pol- 
icy in Bosnia, be replaced by anoth- 
er French generaL 

Diplomatic sources said Mr. Bu- 
tros Ghali demanded the general's 
removal when he met President 
Francois Mitterrand in Paris on 
Jan. 8. The commander had public- 
ly criticized the UN chiefs refusal 
to empower him to onler air strikes. 

Diplomats said the French were 
upset at Mr. Butros G half's public 
reprimand last week of General 
Cot, the latest in a growing list of 
senior military' commanders who 
have left in disagreement with the 
UN’s caution in Bosnia. On Jan. 4, 
the Belgian general in charge of 
UN forces in Bosnia, Lieutenant 
General Francis Briquemont, was 
withdrawn from his post, 

General Cot was named UN 
commander in the former Yugosla- 
via in July for a one-year tom. 


UNIVERSITY DEGREE 

BACHELORS ■ MASTERS ■ DOCTORATf 
For Work. LHa mt haOtaac 
Eiparfcm • Ha Banunm 


accordance with UN trade sanc- 
tions that were imposed to punish 
Belgrade for its support of Serbian 
aggression in Bosnia. 

To the complaints of Hungary, 
Bulgaria and Romania — and tbeur 
requests to the United Nations for 
billions of dollars in compensation 
— Mrs. Albright answered only 
that upholding the sanctions is the 
duty of all good UN and potential 
NATO members. 

It also became clearer, as Mrs. 
Albright’s trip progressed, that the 
threat of Russia’s “imperialistic 
tendencies,” as Foreign Minister 
Teodor Mefescann of Romania 
phrased it, was just one of many 
security concerns in the region. 

Yet the squabbling at the NATO 
conference m Brussels over what to 
do about B osnia was a reminder to 
these countries that neither the 
United States nor the affiance of- 
fers sure protection. 

The United States has set aside 
what additional foreign aid it can 
muster for Russia, limiting its "ma- 
terial support” if not its * material 
interest” to indirect economic as- 
sistance. 

Mrs. Albright did announce an 
increase, from 550 million to $200 
million, in insurance coverage of- 
fered to investors by the Overseas 
Private Investment Coup, and a $50 
milli on private enterprise fund for 
Albania. . 

But mostly her offers were of 
U.S. technical assstance in helping 
countries obtain loans and funds 
from the World Bank and other 
lending institutions to finance 
highw ay projects to facilitate the 
ppesage around Serbia of commer- 
cial traffic between the Middle East 
and Wester n Eur ope. 

As for the Partnership for Peace 
program offered the eastern na- 
tions in Heu of NATO membership, 
Mrs. Albright and General John M. 
Sbahkashvffi, chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, who accompanied 
her on part of tin tour, said coun- 
tries that want to take part win 
have to make a major effort on 
their own before it benefits them. 

A US official noted that it was 
seven years after the death of Fran- 
co before Spain was allowed to join 
the pact It is likely to take at least 

as long before any of the East Euro- 
pean nations gains m ember ship. 

For one thing, their miHtaiy 
equipment, training and command 
structures are of Soviet origin, and 
Hungary and Slovakia have just 
obtained more planes from Russia. 
The lack of compatibility of their 
weapons and armies with those of 
NATO poses obstacles to effective 
cooperation, according to U.S. offi- 
cials. 

Another problem for the hard- 
pressed Eak Europeans is that 
NATO expects them to pay their 
own costs for exercises. 




Citizens of Sarajevo lining up Tuesday as gxm fell at a Red Cross food kitchen. Coufitions for sxrriral b 

Vote Likely on Golan Heights fi 


By Clyde Haberman 

Hew York Tima Soviet 

JERUSALEM — Prime Minis- 
ter Yitzhak Rabin warned Israelis 
on Tuesday that peace with Syria 
might require them to pay a more 
“painful price" than they had ex- 
pected in territorial concessions on 
the Golan Heights. 

If that turns out to be the case, 
Mr. Rabin said his government 
would call for a national referen- 
dum on the issue, which is unprece- 
dented in Israel. 

The proposal first mentioned by 
one of his lieutenants on Monday, 
Stirred a sharp public debate Tues- 
day. 

Within the government, some 
minis ters said they preferred full 
elections, a position echoed by the 
rightist opposition. Other cabinet 
members were quoted as saying 
that the peace talks could be under- 
mined if future public opinion was 
made a paramount factor at this 
point 

But some political commentators 
argued that the specter of a popular 
vote could work to Mr. Rabin's 
advantage in several ways. 

It could hdp him fend off Syrian 
demands for enormous concessions 
by tiring the argument that there 


was a lack of public support- And it 
could help him in his battle with 
anti -government protesters who 
have filled the country with ban- 
ners proclaiming that be has no 
mandate to give away any part erf 
the Golan. 

Mr. Rabin offered no hint about 
what might qualify as a painful 
price on the Golan Heights, the 
strategic plateau that Israel had 
captured from Syria in the 1967 
Middle East war, but he said that a 
“significant withdrawal” could 
mean uprooting some of the three 
dozen Jewish settlements there. 

To many Israelis, any compro- 
mise is too much. The prime minis- 
ter himself, while swing he was 
ready to give up land, has repeated- 
ly rejected demands from President 
Hafez Assad of Syria that he get it 
all back. 

But a full return of the Golan 
Heights is Mr. Assad’s price for 
peace with Israel. After meeting 
with President Bill Clinton in Ge- 
neva on Sunday, he said that in 
exchange for that, be was ready for 
normal relations, words that he bad 
not before uttered in public. 

Grudgingly, Mr. Rabin said 
Tuesday that he would accept those 
remarks as a basis for resuming 


peace talks with Syria in Washing- 
ton next week. 

He said (hat he had expected 
more in teems of straightforward 
statements from the Syrian leader 
about whether his concept of peace 
matches Israel’s demands for open 
bonders, embassies and trade. Pub- 
lidy at least, Israeli officials are far 
less rosy about the Geneva meeting 
than envoys from the ninmn ad- 
ministration. who came here and 
described Mr. Assad as having bro- 
ken new ground with a “strategic 
choice" to come quickly to terms 
with Israel perhaps even by the 
end of this year. 

But even though he is s kep ti c a l 
Mr. Rabin said, “I am prepared to 
make do because of the need to 
continue negotiations.” 

■ Response Surprises Syria 

“We’re surprised by the contra- 
dictory reactions in Israel” Mr. 
Shara said, Reuters reported from 
Amman, Jordan. “We were expect- 
ing a big welcome to what was 
announced in the wake erf the sum- 
mit between the two presidents. In- 
stead of that we are hearing state- 
men ts on a referendum and 
demands for more." 


Belgian Leader 
Tries to Cut Off 
Hate’ Call-Iiis 

Reuters 

BRUSSELS —Prime Min- 
ister Jcan-Luc Dehaene 
taken legal action to stop a 
telephone “hate line” that 
urges callers to rob his home 
and shoot him because af his 
austerity poBaes. 

A spokeswoman for Mr. 
Dehaene said Tuesday the 
prime miniaar had filed a 
complaint with a public prose- 
cutor over the phone line, 
which is described as “De- 
haene is robbing you, shoot 
Dehaene.” She sard the prose- 
cutor in Antwerp was investi- 
gating. 

The premium rate, interac- 
tive phone line starts off by 
encouraging callers to push a 
zero on the phone to show 
their lack of esteem for the 
prime minister, who recently 
announced a stringent auster- 
ity plan. 

After that, the caller is taken 
by sound to the prime minis- 
ters home in a Brussels suburb 
and is then encouraged to 
press the asterisk to activate 
the noise of a gun. 


Saudis Near a Deal on Slowing U.S. Arms Payments 


W (310)471-0306 
FAX; (31 QJ471-6456 

CiH tn ■«« lor Morataa 
h and itatvM rt*UM tor Fret emattan 

Pacific Western University 
GOO N Septeda De# 23 
Los Angdw CA 900*9 


By Eric Schmitt 

Hew "York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — In a plan 
that carries broad implications for 
US. foreign policy and mQitaiy in- 
dustry, Saudi Arabia is nearing 
agreement with five of the biggest 
IIS. military contractors to stretch 
out $10 billion in payments due 
over the next two years. 

Dropping oil prices and Saudi 
Arabia's general financial decline 
since the end of the Gulf War in 
1991 have left Riyadh short of cash 
and in the unusual position of 
needing more time to pay for an 
array of tanks, missiles ami fighter 
jets. More than $20 billion in arms 
sales are pending. 

U.S. military contractors, suffer- 
ing from dwindling new Pentagon 
orders, are increasingly dependent 
on sales to foreign customers to 
help offset the decline. Large-scale 
cancellations could have a devas- 


tating impact on the battered U.S. 
aerospace industry. 

Industry and reatagpn officials 
say the situation has put the con- 
tractors and the Clinton adminis- 
tration, which has vowed to hdp 
protect the military industry, in the 
awkward position of widding little 
leverage over the Saudis, because 
the companies and the economy 
need the sales so badly. 

“The Americans have no other 
alternative,” said a Gulf state am- 
bassador. “The Saudis are such big 
clients, they can set the lours.” 

On Friday, the Saudi ambassa- 
dor to Washington, Prince Bandar 
ibn Sultan, met with the director of 
foreign military sales in the De- 
fense Department, Lieutenant 
General Thomas Rhame, who 
serves as a middleman, to discuss 
details of the emerging plan. 

The meeting followed several 
weeks of high-level talks between 
the Saudis, Pentagon officials and 


the contractors — McDonnell 
Douglas, General Dynamics. 
Raytheon Co., FMC Corp., and the 
Hughes Aircraft division of Gener- 
al Motors. 

Senior Saudi officials have as- 
sured U.S. officials that they have 
no plans to caned any orders or 
delay the deliveries of weapons on 
order. After overcoming years of 
resistance from lawmakers who op- 
posed the sale of advanced weap- 
ons to Riyadh because such a star 
could threaten load’s security, ad- 
ministration officials say the Sau- 
dis are as eager to buy the weapons 
as the contractors are to sell them. 

"We would like to do three 
things: main rain the overall num- 
ber of equipment purchased, main- 
tain overall dollar value, and work 
on a schedule of payments that 
doesn’t hurt our partners and 
friends in the U.S. defense-in dns- 
trial complex and in the labor 
fence," Prince Bandar said last 


wed: in an interview with The Wall 
Street JoumaL 

Industry executives and Penta- 
gon officials said the Saudis and 
military contractors had reached a 
tentative plan. 

Riyadh would pay a total of $1.5 
billion in cash to the five contrac- 
tors in 1994 and the same amount 
In 1995. The contractors would 
cover the remaining cost of the 
weapons by taking out loans 
backed by the Saudi government 
The Saudis would repay all fees 
and interest costs. 

Saudi Arabia owes about S4.1 
billion for arms payments this year 
and S6 billion in 1995, meaning 
that the contractors would have to 
finance about $7 trillion over the 
next two years. The contractors 
would borrow enough to keep pro- 
duction lines open at the minimum 
Ievd needed to avoid layoffs. 

As an alternative or supplement 
to financing, the companies have 


offered to delay deliveries of weap- 
ons and reduce the cost of spare 
parts purchases, hot the Saudis 
have been adamant about sticking 
to their original deals. 

“The companies in better finan- 
cial shape tike Hughes, General 
Dynamics, and FMC could do the 
financing and are prepared to do 
so," said one Pentagon official. 
“But McDonnell Douglas is not in 
great shape and Raytheon is almost 
totally dependent on foreign sales 
now. No one, though, wants to see 
production lines go down — that 
means workers and jobs." 

The Defense Department is in- 
volved in the discussions because, 
when foreign countries buy weap- 
ons through the Pentagon, they put 
money in a foreign military sales 
trust fund. They mast deposit 
enough to cover cancellation fees 
and the next quartoty payment 
Military contractors are paid as 
they finish their work. 


WORLD BRIEFS 

Christian Democrats Adjust in Italy „ 

romf YNYTi — With hole more than two wenfairtorcufk^ 

: 

Tuesday to the potitt^l ^ance to salvage some of its 

since the cramtz/s emergence tom *** ***““*“»*“ « . 

would now be called tbc Italian P^P 0 ^ rnneress Satmdav And 

vktoSyin dections to be held Marab Z7-28, JnmZ? lLSS 

wM. mncervativE faces like the separatist Northern League : 


to buOd a new center-right movement. 

Alliens Seeks Ails Probe of Ex-Leader ; 

. . .. i. ^ r/jSna Mm w ri said IW . 


ATHENS (Reuters) — Culture Minister Mefina Mcr uxins aal Toes- ; 
day she would ask a pubUc prosecutor to investiga te wh ether tenner 
Pdme Minister Constantine Mftsotakis had legally acquired some of his.- 

k^AoaOTinglm our investigation a number of items now belongin g to ! 

MtMitsoffiweireacquiredfiomin^diggn^/ntoMttt^i^I- 

ata news conference. Sac said archaeologists exammcd Mr. Mitsotabs’s 
coBection in his house cm Crete and found that a. number of items were 
from graves that had been robbed. . ^ 1 

“Tbc time Mr declared the findings oomoded witnthc tune 

that the graves were nibbed," Miss Mercouri said. “It is an atrocity data . 
farmer prime minister could have stolen from ancient grave^ang.wrih • 
common robbers." Mr. Mitsotalris was p rime ama raier from 1990 to 1991 , 

U.K. Expels 3 Neo-Naas After Clash ; 

t nNTViM /AFPl — Two Bdeian neo-Nazis and a German one were . 


LwniA/n iru i j * -v — — _ — - - — , -7 — . , _ 

gjvea 24 boms to leave Britain on Tuesday after being convicted of ■ 
prov oking dashes with mtj-rarism. demonstrators m London. ; , 

The Belgians, Steve Grok, 22, and Eddy Vamyckeghem, 28, and the . 
German, Strfim Johannsen, 29, were charged with threatening behavior ; 
and crinanal damage: Two Britons accused with them were released mi , 

baSL 

The occurred after neo-Nazis from across Europe arrived for a 

by a skinhead band inapub in Ixmdon’ k East E nd. T he, 
concert was by the police-after anti-Nazi demonstrators turned ■ J 

out to protest A policeman suffered head wounds, and severaidemon- ' 
straiois were hurt when the two sides fought. Three Frendr rightists in . 
possession, of bicycle during were released after questioning. 

Ex-Bulgaria Leader Heads for Prison ; 

SOFIA (Reuters) — Bulgaria's fanner Communist dictator, Todorj 
Zhivkov, is to go to prison after the Supreme Court on Tuesday rejected , 
his appeal agamst a sentence of seven years for embezzlement, the BTA • 

proccdur^^, but if I have to go to prison I win,” Mr. Zhivkov Mid. ?he 1 
agency smd the sentence by the five-member court was effective immedi- j 
atdy. • 

Mr. Zhrvk 0 v, who niied far 35 years until he was removedin 1989, was ; 
sentenced last year for stealing 21.5 nriUkm levs (then about $24 minion) , 
in public funds. The charges involved the purchase of luxury apartments i 
and Western cars and distribution of entertainment allowances for his | 
family and riitwi. “■ , 

Yemen Claims Attack From South 

SAN'A, Yemen (Reuters) — Use Yemeni president's political party- 
said Tuesday that planes from the south had bombed a northern nuntary, 

ramp 

A southern officer denied the charge, leveled on the same day as rival ( 
parties signed an accord aimed at resolving a sbc-mcmth dispute that has , 
threatened to split die 1990 union between die former North and South • 
Yemen. The armed forces of die formerly Maxxist sonth and the conser- J 
vatire north have yet to integrate. . « 

The General People’s Congress fed by President Ali Abdullah Saleh • 
saidahfiG warplane bdongiiig to their southern rivals raided a ntilitaiy) 
unit dose to die old border on Monday evening. ' • 






UNEttroys to YisitTiniorese Rebel : i . 

JAKARTA (Reuters) — Two United Nations envoys met with lndonc- J r • ‘ 

■dan offirfalq TtawHuy <Kmnar ending the long-nrniring conflict over I 

East Timor, officials said. J i“- -' 

The officials said the two envoys; Francesco Vendrdl and Tfcmrat » t— * 

Samuel would visit a jailed Timorese guerrilla leader, Jose Xanana • - 

GnsmSo, but d^ denied medu reports that henright be rdeased as part| 
of a reconciliation process. , . . i |— 

The visit, wltidr win include a trip to the former Portuguese cakmy of ' ;G.. : 

East Timor, is part erf UN-brokered talks between Lisbon and Jakarta. J . 

Indonesian farces invaded die territory in 1975 after Portugal withdrew, s ,V f 
Most countries do' not recognize Jakarta's daim to the area and the \ i:-- * ^ 

United Nations considers Lisbon ^die.tenxtory's administering authority. \ 

Na Charge for God in Faked Attack 

BERLIN (Reuters) — No charges will be brought against a handi- j 
capped German schoolgirl accused erf inventing a story about neo-Nazis i i>.' 
carving a swastika into her face, a state prosecutor said Tuesday. ) f 
The 17-year-old girl identified asElkeJ^ was questioned earlier about' 
the allqgiea incident, which caused a nationwide uproar last week, but will i 
not be chaigai with fairing a crime, said' die Saxony-Anhalt state 
prosecutor, JOrgen Hossfdd. , 1 ' 

‘The investigation against EDoe J. has been discontinued," he said . ' S " s s. 
The reason for this is that-the giri was and is psychologically oottspku- ‘ ^ 

ons.” The giri led police cm a fu tile manlmnf far thrw ririnhpaH* last ■ ’jfc!; 

after telling authraities that they had cut the Nazi emblem into her cbe<± 1 . 

after she refused to repeat fascist slogans. The maximum penalty for! ." 

faking a crime is three years in prison. 1 tr i 


TRAVEL UPDATE 

Danes Slop Woikon Sweden Link 

COPENHAGEN (Reuters) — Denmark announced Tuesday drat it 
would stem work on a bridge and tumid project to link Denmark with 
Sweden after Stockholm put off a final decision cm starting construction. 


The stoppage mainly affects a planned railroad Knp and land eroropi v 
a tions an the Danish side of the Qresund Strait On Thursday, Sweden 
postponed a decision, saying more envir onmental checks were heeded. 
Prime Minister PonI Nyrup Rasmussen of Denmark said the work would 
be put off pending “definite clarification" from Sweden. 

Austrian Ais tines wffl stmt daSy Rights to the Sfevene capital, -Ijublja- 
na . on M arch 27. The afriine has concentrated on btnldmg a network in 
Eastern Europe, using Vi enna as a gateway. (Reuters) 

Virgin. Atlantic Airways has begrar tab with Air New Zealand an 
Internationa] flight and cooperation about routes, Virgin’s, marketing 
directorsaid. (Reuters) 

******* wore stranded on Maddra on Tuesday as 
vwndsof 100 kilometers (about 60 miles) an hour forced Santa Catarina 
arrpon to dose for the second straight day. TAP-Air Portugal canceled all 
sche dul e d fli g h ts to and from the Portagucse island, about 800 kflometets 
(500 miles) southwest of Lisbon. 



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1 800 561 001 

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rtdte m \k-wa "irn- .iwaijWeBiii 6 rr««itwson eastern Oermaa^kta iw 1995 
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+ POLITICAL XOTES+ 


Qygwd Jury Pthm P n pw on Wirtwi Vwituf 

Washington — -a fedqai gn q ^jniy t n t jn^ ^Am;. 

. sas, w as reconvening, Tncsday iq bdgin * critical new phase in the 
investigation of ties between P rewfrnr KH fTintniw, an Arkansas 
land development company and Ite-owner of a Xmled Arkansas 
savings and loan. 

For the first tune, the panel is expected to hear fitan several 

ntml WlfflMtCM . m^iwTmir \£w * L«.n Sot ■■ ■ > ■■ ■ ■ 


and 1 

____ , — ~y— jr— ■■ ,,,,, «“/ y»* * »*^* i^t iumuv i .. uuiu vuaw v*. uvvuuKUie iue 

Wtate Howe was ordered tri turn oiver to government prosecutes in 
recent days. 

Die White _ House fifes, shipped to little Rode under FBI guard, 
relate to an investment in- Whitewater Development Co,. the real 
estate concern in whkb.the. Clintons were partners with James B. 
McDougal, the owner Of Madison Guaranty, a savings and loan 
toteu over byTcderaTregnlators in 1989. Mr. McDougal has been 
ordered to jqjpea. before jhe grand jmy later this week. Other 
Ointon associates .have also been subpoenaed, mchiding Betsey 
Wright, who was Omtotfs chief of ’staff, when he was governor and 
who supervised campaign finance records... 

Josti«D(parancntinvestigatorsaretrynKtodeteitoniewhethCT 
Madison fmds.wem mm^ieibf d^fertedtoWritesraterfo help Mr. 
Qinlan rqpay a $50,000 lean for his 1984 campaign Tot governor. 
Mr, Clinton has said he engaged in "no wrongdoing and drat he and 
iris wifvffiSary, tost uaeaey m ^^WhitCT ^ ^ 

betw e ent ^^^^^ and Mr. ^McDougal, Attorney (taarfJk^ 

take over £e^^^ into 

The search for a special cbnnsri appCarstobe a complicated task, 
as Ms. RenoYnides sift through the records of prospective candi- 
dates to avoid any who might oe perceived as partisan. (NTT). 


PanolFormrad to Pocum— it Rradlratlon Traata 

WASHINGTON— Preadem Qjntcm established on Tuesday an 


government radiation tests on Irnmatig rfnrmg the Cold War. 

An executive order signed by Mr. Qmtonrfocnted the Advisory 
Committee raHurigm Radiation Experiments bnt named no math 
bos-The 15-memberpand wfll provide “advice and recommcnda- ■ 
tions” tothe Hnman Radiation Interagency Working Group estab- 

energy, defense^l^^^abdhianan ^^es, and veterans affairs ns 
wdl as the directors of the CIA and Office of Management and 

* A^Whi te House statement said that the AdViSoiy group would be 
made up of experts in medicine, science and ethics. 

^Ujrto 800 people wereexposed to taxation in tests^ toing t he 

the risks, US. government ' .. •" ' ... ( AF) 


Quoto/Ungnoto . •• - ■• /: • ’ 

BoW^R^Inrrian,thtTe^busiftessnranwhoh^^national 
security jobs in both Republican and Democratic adminisbaticais, 
on why be stepped aside as Preridmt CHntcai’s nominee for defense 
secretary: “I sensed dements in the media and flic potftkal leader- 
ship of the country who would rather dispar^c or destroy reputa- 
tions than work to effectively govern the country.” . (AP) 


Away From Politics 


•The hrW of Lorena BohHtt, who is accused. of cutting off her 
' toee-day recess. Acoti 

men conld g*. the c/econ Wednesday, 

eerily calm dopng guesdomng,’ Secant John. English sum. ^o 
leax^jnslooH,The saA^WSre taBfmgaboPt cddblobded, prexned- 
itated' nnnder xoraiKttod by a l^yeapold pri shows no 
. remorse. If s fxigjacBTng.” . 

•A snfmrcortxtd reuf^cei^paed on an ^rartancarf-coin^ex swim- 
' tiring pod, killing a 14-ye^-dd boy, acasdiiig to the police in 
Xfiktokfidd, C*na A 6-year-<rid botom was tempedin the wata - b« 
was resciMifl^ said. DratovmrimartmontlMt has received up ^to 
thine feet (about a meter) of snow since late Decembei; 

• A 91-year ^to wnmanwho w» found frozen into an inch-thiii layer 
of ice ^the floor of her mheatedhooKWas rescued tyj Orici^o 
poficc. Officers said they found the wcnran‘koeelnj| iff a “praying 
p 06 hkm"watoherkgs encased by Ict^We thought ri«-wasjnst 

^jaflcedtobgfflid rite OTtgte ^scpet te^a 

• A tractoc-trrfer rig careened into ptsoBne pnmps Tuesday at a 
cOTVtaiencc store near Ccffrigan, Texas, aiufset off an enq^caan thai 

killed at least fow people. : “■ ■» AP. Roden 


AMERICAN 

TOPES 

Dallas, No Gwtown, 

Gcte Cattle Scolptare 

The motto of Fort Worth, 
Tern, is “Where the West Be- 
gins,” Its dozens, are feud of 
saying that Dallas, 30 miles 
(about 50 Jrikmwera) cast, is 
“where the East peters out” 
But DaD as. CE a 4J2*acxc (1.7- 
hectaie) downtown plot, is 
erecting a 19th-cailmj cattle 
drive in bronze, vuth 70 larger- . 
than-fife steers and three nail 
riders. „ ' ' 

. - Tbe sadpteff is Robert Sum-' 
mos, whohails Iran the JFart 
Worth area. He created the 
tame hrotne statue of. John 
Wayne at /the airport of the T . 
same name in Orange County, - 
CaBforxria. : -.X. 

promoters of the $9 rmuon, 
.priratdy funded project ^ say 
chat when it is completed rrfwl 
year, it wffl become the ^* 


Sows detractoirs point out 
that nafla^ unfike Ftgt Worth, - 
was neveracowtown. 

WhSe sqhvs cattle roamed 
along the Shawnee . Trail- 
Through Dallas for a few years 
in dreWlSOOs, the far mac. 
important Chisholm -Trw 
passed through the , heart .of 
Srt Worth. Dallas grew op asa 
fflacaantedty. Itdoes have the 
Cowboys of prefessiowl foot- 
• ** {mi that name was 


lohjecttons.. . .. , 
sculptor, WtHiam jEsshn’, . 
sn^Bsteothmasodptwerf a 
JSSof lawyers, broken red. 
insurance men stampe ding 
through town" would have been 
ojme appropriate. 5 

Short Takes 
One of H* bertmof tix OB 
West bang honored m a new 
- - — * “son 


of forma slaves. He became 
famous by wrestKng bulls to the 
noond in WM West shows. 
But membas of the* family say 
the stamp, already printed and 
due to beissued m March, de- 
picts not ffiU Fkkett bul his 
brotber, Ben. Historians agree/ 
Redoing the stanp, part of a 
sheet of 20 Weston heroes that 
indude “Buffalo BflT Cody, 
Annie Oakley and Wyatt Earp, 
woadd 'cost SI 2 mfflKHL Post- ; 
master General Marvin T, Run- 
yon is considering what to do. 

■ AjppB catln B n tP the 84 US. 
women’s ooBeges axe up 14per- 
cent since 1991, a 20-year high, 
The New York Times reports. 
Earoflment is ai a 14-year h^i 
of 98,000, to from fespo- m 
.1931, according to the Women's 
Coflegc Goalibcm in Wariring- 
tnxL The reasroS iidude ccp- 
cem over sexual harassment 

- and a widespread' bcBef drat' 
parity with men in coedneatiau- 
;al schools is yet to' be attained, 

cite the Rod- 

Omton, who has becoDoe a 
rde modd for women, & an- 
alwnwa of afl-tenate WeOesley 


The Kg Bars is stSl tbe B*t 
Bug, DreWaTOingtpn Post re- -. 
parti Xast year SkyA Tde- 
sxpeni^azmfidrcw 13,099 cn- ■ 
tries fOTacwrteatooveanKB* 
kmrcssiveiiame to 'lie fheorerir 
of moment the universe was 
: created: Bat nanh — indndrog 
D« Ti^p from Zip, Sjpatkin-lbe. 
~ ' ' — sat- 


isfied tbe 


venity o£ 
. asnotramer; 
television 


wiiidi is^ ^ooro- 
y Feois; a Urn- 
Calif qrni a 
f Downs, rith 
aaiCari Sa- 


gan, who writes bends about 
the cosmos. *T1« winner is_— 
no one." Mr. FezmamtotmcstL 
“Note can surpass the harm 
^..Brog , ’ , — even though; 
that was rhatf-hmfiorous 1950 
invention by the astrooonkr 
Red Hoyle.; V 

Arthor Higbee 


‘Loving Challenges/ Harriman Takes On the French 


By Alan Riding 

New York Tima Servict 

PARIS — As an early backer of Bill Clinton's and 
fuiKFraiscr-cum-chccriradcr for many other promi- 
nent Donocrats, Pamela Harriman bad no need to 
convince Washington of her political savvy and clont. 
When she was named American ambassador to Paris, 
though, tbe French were quite nervous. 

The stories that preceded ber arrival in May focused 
less on- her rote as a Washington powerbroker and 
friend of Mr. Qin ton’s than on the rich and powerful 
men who had shaped her extraor din ary life. Even in 
the large American cotooy hone, eyebrows were raised. 

Was it not odd for the United States to be represent- 
ed by a 73-year-bkI British-born aristocrat who was 
married bridly to Winston CburcfailTs sot, Randolph, 
and lata married and widowed by Leland Hayward, 
the Broadway producer; and byAverel! Harriman, the 
f o rm e r diplomat and governor of New York? 

Granted, the plum Paris post has often gene to 
ca mp ai g n contributors, bat was a woman known for 
presiding over glittering political evenings in her 
Georgetown home really equipped to run a huge 
embassy, negotiate complex economic topics, and 
handle the French ? 

indeed, in bandy seven months, Mr, Harriman has 
convinced the French and Americans that she is after 


all the right woman for the job. “If I'd bad time to 
think about it in depth, Fd nave probably been too 
scared to take the post.” she said in her office beside 
the Place de la Concorde. 

“Obviously, this is the biggest challenge I’ve ever 
had,” adding, 4 T love challenges.” 

The role of ambassador to France is not easy to 
define. It involves presiding over a staff of 1,100 that 
includes representatives of 20 different government 
agencies. At tbe same time, relations between Wash- 
ington rod Paris are so complex that important issues 
are often handled directly by the two governments. 

Almost from the moment she arrived in Fiance Mrs. 
Harriman was drawn into the growing battle between 
the United States and France over the GATT trade 
talks. At loggerheads over farm and audiovisual trade, 
the two sides had reached rare levels of irritation. 

“I was a sort of messenger going back and forth,” 
she said of tbe final tense weeks of bargaining, “ex- 
plaining to Washington why the French think and 
argue the way they do and also in the other direction, 
telling the French why our fanners are just as impor- 
tant to us as theirs are to them.” 

The French were soon persuaded to take ber seri- 
ously. 

“She was very helpful,” a Foreign Ministry official 
said after the trade package was tied op last month. 


analysis. We all know she has a direct line to the White 
House, and ibis is very important- She has weight” 

For Mrs. Harriman, her Washington contacts are 
also a key asset not only because die can telephone 
Mr. Clinton when necessary (although she refused to 
say how often she does so), but also because she can 
promote closer ties between French and American 
politicians. “One of tbe things I’ve been trying to do is 
to explain to the French tbe power of Congress," she 
said. 

The talents she developed in Washington running 
ber own political action committee — “putting people 
together, maintaining dialogue, keeping channels 
open.” as an embassy staffer put it — have proved 
useful in Paris, with dinn er invitations to ber residence 
now prized by French derision-makers and American 
residents alike. 

“We love glamorous people," a French government 
official said with a laugh. "And her past, well, for us 
that’s a sign of vitality. 

Then there is her an collection, with every visitor 
eager to see Van Gogh’s “White Roses" as well as 
works by Picasso, Matisse, Cezanne, and others. 

"Bur what J find most useful is that J can speak tbeir 
language," Mrs. Haniman said of ha meetings with 
the French. 


Nor does it do her any harm that rite can tell 
wartime stories about meeting de Gaulle during his 
visits to No. 10 Downing Street, where she was living 
with her in-laws, the Churchills. 

"You should see the faces of young Gaullists when 
she says, ‘When I had dinner with General de GauDe, 
be said ” an embassy official noted. 

What appears to have become a nonissue is that she 
is the first woman to head tbe Paris US. Embassy, 
which also has women in its second and third top 
posts. “1 think in fact the Europeans are more polite to 
women than perhaps we are at home.” she said. 

So, Mrs. Haniman was asked, has she somehow 
ran vented herself again? 

“I think I'm so used to it,” she said in an American 
accent that does not disguise its British origins. “Tve 
bad lots of stages in my life. You try and adapt to 
everyone that comes down tbe pike. Now I'm trying to 
do what I'm doing to the bek of my ability. So I 
concentrate on today and tomorrow." 

In ha case, though, that still means doing two jobs. 
She is now preparing for Mr. Clinton's first official 
visit to France in June to mark the 50th anniversary of 
the Allied landings in Normandy. 

But she is also determined not to be forgotten in 
Washington. 

“The habits of 20 years don’t change, you know.” 
she said. “Anyway, Fm going back in a few years.” 



Mexican Rebels Plead 
For a Cutoff of U.S. Aid 


CutaTtbaadi/A? 


Members of the rebel Zapatista National Liberation Army, which is battfing Mejrico’s government, stoking oat a soetiheastenijnn&e. 


The Associated Press 

SAN CRISTOBAL DE LAS 
CASAS, Mexico — Rebels from 
southern Mexico are urging Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton not to provide 
UJ5, aid that they say would be 
used by the government to fight 
tbeir efforts. 

“Do not stain your hands with 
our blood in complicity with the 
Mexican government," the rebels 
pleaded in a letter to Mir. Clinton 
and Congress dated Thursday. 

The letter, which said it was 
among a series of statements made 
public Monday through three Mex- 
ican newspapers. 

The statement from the Zapa- 
tista National Liberation Army 
said U^. aid granted to Mexico for 
the war against drugs was being 
used “to assassinate Indians in 
southeastern Mexico." 

It said troops, planes and com- 


munications equipment earmarked 
for the government's campaign 
against drug traffickers were in- 
stead used against the indigenous 
population of the southern slate of 
Chiapas. 

“We have nothing to do with 
drug trafficking or with national or 
international terrorism," tbe state- 
ment said. “We have grown tired 
by so many yean of cheating and 
death. It is our right to fight for our 
lives with dignity." 

On Saturday, the newspaper La 
Jornada reported that the U.S. gov- 
ernment asked for and received as- 
surances from Mexican officials 
that U ^.-supplied helicopters were 
not being used in combat. 

But a U.S. official, who was not 
identified, was quoted as saying the 
Americans woe told the behcop- 
lers were used for logistical support 
unrelated to tbe fighting. 


A Male Bastion Takes a Legal Hit in College Admissions Case 


The Associated Pros 

WASHINGTON — Chief Jus- 
tice William EL Rehnqnist cleared 
the way Tuesday for Shannon R. 
Faulkner to become the firs! wom- 
an to altendday classes with cadets 
at Tie Otadd, a 151-year-old mili- 
tary college. 

Justice RfJmquist, without cam- 

ment, set aside a temporary stay be. 

had imposed on Jan. 12, a day 
before Ms. Faulkner was to have 
begun, ha academic career at the 
state-supported coD^ein Charles- 
ton, South Carolina. 

Ms. Faulkner’s lawsuit challeng- 
ing the collegers maks-cmly admis- 
sion policy has never beea taken to 
triaL A federal judge and the 4th 
U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals had 
ordered The Citadel to admit Ms. 
FanBaia for day classes while the 
legal case contained. 

In the college’s 35-pagc emergen- 
cy request to the chief justice, law- 


yers for The Citadel said it was 
being forced to abandon a “justi- 
fied single-gender admissions poli- 
cy that has defined its institutional 
mission and persona since its 
founding." 

They said Ms. Faulkner's atten- 
dance at daytime classes would 
cause irreparable harm because a 
males-only environment “is essen- 
tial to The CitadeTs holistic educa- 
tional mission.” 

Lawyers for Ms. Faulkner con- 
tended that the coflcge’s request 
was “based on emotion, not fact or 
law." 

“Faced with the complete ab- 
sence of any evidence that one 
woman will destroy its cadet stu- 
dents, The Citadel at heart seeks 
merely to preserve its long-stand- 
ing tradition of excluding qualified 
women based soldy on their gen- 
da,” Ms. Faulkner's lawyers said. 


The Clinton administration, 
which had sided with Ms. Faulkner 
in tbe Iowa courts, argued against 
extending Justice Refanquist’s tem- 
porary stay. 

Ms. Faulkner, 18, was accepted 
by The Citadel after she had refer- 
ences to ha gender deleted from 


ha high school transcript. But the 
college rejected ha application af- 
ter it learned she was a woman. She 
then sued, contending that tbe 
school had violated ha equal-pro- 
tection rights. 

In another derision, tbe court 
turned back an attempt to la slates 


limit the benefits paid to some wel- 
fare recipients who have lived in 
the state for less than six months. 

The court, without comment, left 
intact rulings that a Minnesota law 
imposing s uch limits violated new 
residents’ equal-protection right 
and their right to travd. 


It also refused to free California 
from having to comply with the 
U.S. minimum-wage law. Tbe court 
let stand without comment a ruling 
that California officials had illegal- 
ly withheld state employees' pay in 
1990 when the state began a new 
fiscal year without a budget. 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY’ 19, 1994 


BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 


' ■» .i-.'*** 

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to expend into fa/ei 
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Ph- 0062-21-5213320, Fax: 0062-21-5213319. 


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Arts & Anttoues 




\S. 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1994 


Page 5 



au ’ 

x 

■'U 




U.S. Nears Iiftiiig 


By Clay Cbaiidlex 


BANGKOK — Treasury Secre- 
tary Lloyd Bentsen said. Tuesday 
that the U.S. gov ern ment had 
moved closer to a decision to Bft its 
19-year trade and investment ew- 
bargo against Vietnam; 7 * - r 
Mr. Bra ts«v speaking ata meet- 
ing of Thai business leaders m 
Bangkok, praised tbe Vtetnamese 
government for assisting -in effects 
to determine whether Americans 
taken prisoner dining (he Vietnam 
War remained in. feat country. . 

“The progress is there and I’m 
' optimistic well getihal finally bo- 
rand ns,” he said- at news confer- 
ence lata in the day. “Some of ns 
older fefiows think yon ought to 
move diese tbmgsBERiget.il done. 
We've seen a lot of: cooperation 
coming out of Vi«nain. w • 

Mr. Bentsen dedmecTtb sptscfri 
late on a timetable for Efdng.the 
ban. But in Jakarta on Monday, he 
suggested normafeation wasgmn^ 
nenL “Th a t decision has not beat 
made, but! think you’ll see somc- 
thing forthcoming quite soon.” 

Mr. Bentsen, who is otLa three- 
conntry -tour of Asia to denion- 
strate the Ointon administration's 
commitment to bu3dmg' stronger 
relations in the region, is the latest 
of seraa! UJ5. government offi- 


■ dals to : urge lifting trade restrict 
- boon against Vietnam. 

During a viatto Hanoi on Mon- 
day, Admiral Charies Larson, the 
com m an de r of U-S. armed forces in 
the Pacific, called for an end to the 
embargo. Smnlariy, Senator John 
F. Keny, Democrat of Massachu- 
setts and a member of the Foreign 
' Relations subcommittee on East 
Aaan and Pacific affairs, argued at 

the dose of his vi^ to Vietnam last 
; wedc that the embargo no longer 
. served. a‘ meaningful purpose and 
was ably hurting U.S. companies, 
denied tmaness opportumties in 
thereon,. 

In his speech Tuesday, ’Mr.' 
Bentsen argued that the United 
‘ States could do more to promote 
the search for posable prisoners of' 
;warby lifting the trade ban than it 
could by contmning to insist on 
gr e at er cooperation as a p re re q ui - 
; -sitefw normal commerce. . 

... . “As with other countries on oth- 
• er issues, a strategy of tmgagoneat 
wjth Vietnain may be (he most ef- 
” . fective way to promote our goal of 
MQc rernttng for our POWs and 
' MlAs from the war,” be said. 

" Moves toward liberalizing trade 
with Vietnam have drawn stiff op- 
position torn U.S. veterans groups 
mid is a. politically sensitive issue 
for President Bill CBnton,who was 
critic^ for his draft record. 


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THIS SIGHTS A STRETCH FOR BEIJING — A nine-meter US.-made Lincoln fimoosroe, as unusual sight in the Chinese 
capital, draws looks from onions passers-by. Tie fimonsme's owner, a local businessman, was at a meeting at a department store. 

Visit Renews U.S. Military Exchange With China 


In U.K., Patten Hopes 
To Outflank His Critics 

Qiina Experts Who Opposed Reform 
Of Hong Kong Voting Face a Rebuff 


The Associated First 

BEIJING — The president of the U.S. Na- 
tional Defense University met Tuesday with a 
top Chinese military official, one of the first 
frchs of the two countries’ new military tics. 

“These contacts now have gotten a new start,' 
and hopefully they w31 increase from today,” 


the China News Agency quoted Lieutenant 
General Paul Cerfan as saying. 

The United States halted military exchanges 
with China in 1989 after the Chinese Army used 
tanks and automatic weapons against student-- 
led demonstrators for democracy in Beijing. In 
November, the Clinton a dminis tration ended 


the freeze, saying that the absence of contacts 
only bred suspicion and distrust 
General Ceijan is on a five-day tour of Chi- 
nese military installations in Beijing, Nanjing 
and Shanghai. The U.S. National Defense Uni- 
versity in Washington trains senior officers 
from ah the branches of the ndhiary. 


Roam 

HONG KONG — Governor 
Chris Patten is heading to London 
to defend his planned democratic 
reforms for Hong Kong against 
criticism from the China experts 
who race dominated British policy 
on the colony. 

Mr. Patten is likely to win cabi- 
net backing to defy China and send 
a bill with his reforms to the colo- 
ny's legislature. If so, it would be a 
rebuff to the Chinese-speaking dip- 
lomats who said confronting Beij- 
ing risked a backlash 

On Thursday, the governor is to 
appear before a parliamentary 
committee studying the problems 
that Hong Kong faces before its 
return to China in 1997, and on 
Monday he wifi be at a cabinet 
committee meeting on the subject. 

Mr. Patten has presided over a 
policy reversal on Hong Kong. 
Many of the China experts in the 
Foreign Office said he was playing 
with fire by dumping their policy of 
quiet diplomacy in favor of open 
confrontation with Beijing. 

China has strongly criticized Mr. 
Patten’s plan to widen the electoral 
franchise before 1997 without be- 
ing consulted. Last month he faced 
an onslaught from fellow country- 
men. led by a one-time architect of 


British policy on Hong Kong and 
China, Sir Percy Cradock. 

Sir Percy, who negotiated the 
1984 agreement to return Hoag 
Kong to China, told the Foreign 
Affairs Committee that Britain 
would be “indefensibly reckless” if 
it carried out Mr. Patten's propos- 
als unilaterally after the effective 
breakdown of talks. 

Britain risked “a vicious back- 
lash** from China that could dam- 
age prospects Tor democracy and 
stability, said Sir Percy, a former 
ambassador to Beijing. 

China mounted verbal assaults 
on Mr. Fatten in late 1992, when he 
proposed widening. Since then, the 
retaliation has mostly been passive, 
such as refusing to approve financ- 
ing plans for Hong Kong’s new 
airport Progress at talks on the 
transfer of sovereignty has slowed 
to a virtual halt 

But Mr. Patten, quoting high 
Communist officials, played down 
fears that Beijing might freeze Brit- 
ish companies out of lucrative con- 
tracts. 

“I note that President Jiang Ze- 
min and other senior leaders have 
made it abundantly plain that they 
believe that trade and politics 
should be kept separate," be said 
Tuesday before leaving for London. 


BUSINESS MESSAGE CENTER 


Chung II Kwon, Ex-Seoul Prime Minister, Dies 


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Reusers 

SEOUL — Forma Prime Minis- 
ter Chung D Kwon, 77, of South 
Korea died of cancer Monday in 
HawaiL 

Mr. Chung had undergone treat- 
ment in Washington and Hawaii 
since he resigned as president of the 
Korea Freedom League in 1991. 

He was general commander dur- 


ing the 1950-53 Korean War and 
served as ambassador to the United 
Slates, foreign minister and prime 
minister under the forma military 
strongman. Park Chung Hee in the 
1960s and 1970s. 

Moon Ik Hwan, 76, 

South Korean Dissident 

SEOUL (Reuters) — The Rever- 


end Moon Ik Hwan, 76, one of 
South Korea's best-known dissi- 
dents, (Bed Tuesday, apparently 
horn a heart attack, reports said. 

The Yonhap news agency said 
Mr. Moon, a Presbyterian minis ter 
and leading human rights activist, 
was arrested for visiting North Ko- 
rea in 1989 and imprisoned under 
South Korea's national security 


laws, which ban contact with the 
North. He was released last year. 

Juan Bautista Pineiro, 49, a 
Spanish playwright, died Thursday 
in Paris of AIDS. He wrote his 
main works in French, such as 
“Vierge" (“Virgin”) in 1976 and a 
novel, “Le Voyage Nu" (“The Na- 
ked Journey"), in 1977. 


" Butros Ghali Fires Reform-Minded American Official 


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UNITED NATIONS, New York — Secre- 
tary-General Butros Butros Ghali has fired Me- 
liiaa Wells, the highest-ranking American ad- 
I mmistraior at die United Nations and die head 
of an effort to reform the organization’s ineffi- 
cient bureaucracy, UN offioals said Tuesday. 

Mrs. Wells, 62, lost support of both the 
1 secretary-general and the US. mission here, the 
sources said. She dashed repeatedly with Mr. 
Butros Ghali in the 10 months since she took 
the job of undersecretary-general for adminis- 
tration and management, which in addition to 


placing ha in charge of the reform program 
also gave ba responsibility for security, con- 
tracts and support services for peacekeeping 
operations. 

Ha removal further delays a reform effort 
that has been hampered by a steady tumova of 
top officials. She was the sixth person in seven 
years to hold the top management post at the 
United Nations. 

In ha highly politicized job, Mrs. Wells was 
caught between Mr. Butros Ghali. who is seek- 
ing to expand the organization’s world role; the 
unwieldy and conservative UN bureaucracy, 


which she managed; and the U.S. mission at the 
United Nations, which has been pressing to 
streamline the organization to satisfy an Ameri- 
can Congress concerned about waste and fraud 
in the UN bureaucracy. 

Early this month, Jean-Claude Aimte, the 
secretary-general's chief of staff, formally 
asked the U.S. mission to withdraw Mrs. Wdls, 
a career U.S. Foreign Service officer, when ha 
one-year contract expires in April, sources said. 
But in a letter of resignation. Mrs. Wells said 
she would step down Feb. 17. 



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WEDNESDAY, JAJSU AEY 19, 1994- 

O P I N I o~n~ 


Heralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


PUB1.ISHFD WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Fiscal Folly in Moscow 


On its face, Yegor Gaidar's departure from 
the Russian government is a blow to Boris 
Yeltsin and an embarrassment to Bfll Clinton. 
Only last Friday in Moscow, President Clin- 
ton praised President Yeltsin for his conunil- 
ineni to economic reform, although he was 
apparently then aware that Mr. Gaidar, one 
of Russia's ablest reformers, was about to 
quit as first deputy prime minister. Citing 
profligate decisions taken without cabinet 
consultation, he gave a blunt farewell: “I 
cannot be at one and the same time in the 
government and in opposition to it." 

A dramatic exit, certainly. But not yet a last 
bow for Mr. Gaidar, who has quit, or threat- 
ened to quit, on previous occasions. Resigna- 
tions are a way of forcing decisions, and one 
of the biggest facing Mr. Yeltsin is whether to 
continue on a ruinous inflationary course. The 
specific moves attacked by Mr. Gaidar tHus- 
trate the point: the earmarking of 5500 mil- 
lion for a lavish new parliamentary budding, 
and, far more troubling, a proposed monetary 
union between Russia and insolvent Belarus. 

The draft agreement with Belarus, adopted 
by die Yelian government without discussion, 
provides that already weak rubles would be 
exchanged one for cme for a still weaker curren- 
cy, worsening Russia's own monetary bemor- 


One Word at a Time 


Bill Qinton stopped off for a Geneva talk on 
Sunday with Hafez Assad and extracted from 
him long-sought approval of eventual “nor- 
mal” relations with Israel in a peace agreement. 
You might think it odd that a peace agreement 
should produce anything but “normal" rela- 
tions — isn't that the natural goal? You might 
think it even odder that President Clinton 
should actually commend President Assad, pay 
him in diplomatic coin, for speaking the word. 
But this is how peace proceeds in the Middle 
East, one word at a time. 

Syria seeks the return of the Golan Heights, 
a swath of territory it lost to Israel in the 1967 
war. With the demise of its Soviet patrons, it 
was forced to make the “strategic choke'* that 
h no longer had a military option to reclaim 
the Golan, and it then walked through the 
diplomatic door opened by President George 
Bush. In the peace talks up to tins point, 
however, Mr. Assad has offered Israel simply 
a “just," “comprehensive’* or “honorable" 
peace, meaning that for surrendering every 
inch of territory Israel would get a cold, no- 
contacts, no-commitments relationship. He 
has rejected Israel’s demand for open borders, 
commence and diplomatic relations — for a 
full peace with “normaT relations — plus 
special security guarantees. 

In fact, the situation is even tougher than 
thaL For while Syria was holding to a hard 
line; Israel was getting accustomed to the 
considerable strategic comforts — the look- 
outs, the warning time, the threat to Damas- 
cus — of Golan’s high peaks. And some 
14,000 Israeli settlers, mostly recruited by 
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin’s own Labor 
Party, were moving in: they enjoy broad sup- 
port among the Israeli public. So the sticki- 
ness is not all on Syria's side. 

Mr. Rabin has been slow to apply Labors 


When It All Trembles 


To the people of Southern California, it 
always seems to happen the same way. Some- 
time before dawn, in that deepest hour of 
sleep, they suddenly awaken, confused and 
disoriented. The china is shaking. The win- 
dows are rattling. In an instant — less time 
than it takes to read this sentence — they leap 
from bed, staggering and stumbling and gath- 
ering other family members under the flimsy 
security of a door frame. 

And so it was og Monday in the San Fer- 
nando Valley, where a violent predawn earth- 
quake. measuring 6.6 on the Richter scale, 
killed at least 30 people, set tires, buckled 
freeways and turned buildings into rubble. 
“This place was moving like a jackhammer 
was going at it," said Richard Goodis of 
Sherman Oaks, an affluent Los Angeles sub- 
urb. “Our bedroom wall lore away. I was 
looking at the ceiling one moment, then I was 
looking at the sky. I thought we were dead." 

The dapsed time is generally about 30 sec- 


onds, start to finish. And then it stops, al- 
though the adrenaline flow, the fear and the 
aftershocks, some of them large, do not. And 
then the damage assessment begins. 

For the people in and around Los Angeles, 
that damage includes the tragedy of lost lives, 
the millions of dollars in property destruction 
and the widespread inconvenience caused by 
the severing of four of the region's busiest 
highways, daily arteries for hundreds of thou- 
sands of commuters. 

Only someone who has been through an 
earthquake can possibly understand the terror 
it brings. In the days and weeks to come, the 
slightest noise in the night — the creak of a 
screen door, the flapping of a shutter — will 
bring residents of die San Fernando Valley 
fully awake, hearts quivering. They, better 
than most of us, wiH understand the precari- 
ousness of human life on the edge of nature's 
immense, imponderable forces. 

— THE HEW YORK TIMES. 


Other Comment 


Election Year for Germany 

As Germany launches into a year of 19 
local, stale, national and European Union 
elections, Chancellor Helmut Kohl most won- 
der in his darker moments if he is fated to be a 
Margaret Thatcher or a George Bush. His 
Christian Democratic Union could dump 
him, Thatcher-fasMon, after an anticipated 
poor showing in Lower Saxony in March. Or, 
much more likely, the CDU could be defeat- 
ed, Bush-style, in October federal elections. 

How could the “chancellor of unification" be 
in such a predicament? For the same reasons 
the US. president who triumphed in the Gulf 
War could be defeated. In a word, recession — 
a recession compounded by the unexpected 
burdens of trying to bring the Eastern German 


economy up to the comforts of the capitalist 
West Like Mr. Bush, Mr. Kohl is hemmed in 
by huge federal deficits. He is consdered indif- 
ferent to high unemployment or unable to 
restore competitiveness. Only Mr. Kohl's re- 
cord of bouncing back from political pitfalls 
gives heart to his supporters. Most CDU politi- 
cians are preparing for the worst — not know- 
ing predsdy what is the worst 
For Germany’s allies, there is at least some 
assurance in the eme r ge n ce of a new Social 
Democratic candidate for chancellor. Rudolph 
Scharping, who is decidedly centrist in a party 
too often tilted left. Either be or Mr. Kohl, in 
some land of combination or opposition, will 
be leading Germany at a moment when Europe 
is in flux. They need to make a success of it. 

— The Baltimore Sun. 



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mage, it u the kind of decision that has made 
Viktor Gerashchenko, chairman of the Russian 
central bank, a symbol of incompetence- He 
has printed money chiefly to keep unproduc- 
tive factories afloat. So appalling has been his 
stewardship that Boris Fyodorov, the finance 
minister as well as a deputy prime minister, 
threatens to resign rather than serve with him. 

To view these disputes as arguments over 
the pace of reform wholly misses the point 
Runaway inflation sabotages any economic 
system, and the poorest are the biggest losers. 
Voters cannot eat worthless rubles. Unfairly if 
understandably, Mr. Gaidar's reformist party 
was punished in recent elections by frustrated 
Russians who turned to ultrana dona lists. 

Fiscal restraint is a precondition for any 
functioning economy, with or without re- 
forms — a point underscored by Mr. Qinton 
and his economic team in their overtime 
talks last week. How Russia moves against 
hyperinflation is first and foremost the job 
of the Russians themselves. 

While not taking sides in Moscow’s inter- 
nal quarrels. Washing urn needs to keep 
pressing for an end to fiscal folly. Seen in this 
context Mr. Gaidar's exit is a warning. If 
unheeded, it could presage a calamity. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES 



GIT „ 

NAD? 




> ** v 



cum 


negotiating formula of land for peace to the 
Golan Heights. He hesitates to take the politi- 
cal heat that will come from saying that the 
land must be surrendered, at least until he can 
nail down what Syria means by peace. 

These are the dements of the diplomatic 
impasse that President Qinton. who already 
has embraced the separate Isradi-Palestinian 
peace initiative, went to Geneva to break. He 
found President Assad, as others have, a 
tough and tightly disciplined negotiator, be 
even violated his intent not to be all smiles in 
the presence of a bloody-handed tyrant, and 
joked about the Assad style. Bur whether he 
actually broke the Israeli-Syrian impasse re- 
mains to be proved. 

Mr. Assad spoke a word — “normal" — 
that modi encouraged Mr. Qinton. But he 
made his gesture, as he commonly does, not to 
Israel but to the United States, which he 
plainly hopes to enlist less as a mediator than 
as a buffer between himself and Jerusalem. To 
mal»» the pant, he barred Israeli journalists 
from his Geneva press conference. Nor did he 
spell out the content or timing of the “nor- 
mal" ties be now says be countenances. All of 
that remains to be negotiated when the peace 
talks resume in W ashing ton soon. 

If Syria is actually ready to bargain for an 
Israeli-type peace of openness and confi- 
dence, then Israelis likely will be tom. They 
win feel vindicated for baring held out for 
their terms on the Golan. Bui the closer they 
come to success at the table, the more doubt 
they will have about the desirability of surren- 
dering the peaks and settlements and about 
the wisdom of malting any land of peace with 
a cruel dictatorial regime. It will fall to the 
United Stales to coax both sides along the 
difficult path to peace. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


China’s Piecemeal Progress Needs Reinforcement 


H ONG KONG — China is widely seen as a 
model for successful transition from a cen- 
trally planned to a market-based economy. Piece- 
meal economic reform has become one of the best 
known Chinese exports. Many admirers of the 
concept contrast its effectiveness with the dismal 
record of Russia’s more harried approach. How- 
ever, if China is to continue on the path of 
noninflationary economic growth, drastic action 
is needed to sustain the momentum. 

Gradualism has been most obvious in Chinese 
cities and towns where the government has taken a 
step-by-step approach in reforming the industrial 
sector to reduce the risk of a major dislocation. 
Beijing maintains fh.it the limited changes in the 
structure of industrial enterprises have raised pro- 
ductivity without destabilizing die urban economy. 

But the strategy of piecemeal reform is not the 
sole factor responsible for China's relative eco- 
nomic success. At critical turning paints, the gov- 
ernment has also been adept at identifying a “lead- 
ing sector" to propel the economy forward. It 
initially focused on agriculture, then shifted atten- 
tion to township and village enterprises. 

The latter have been the most dynamic sector of 
the economy in recent years, helping to drive a 
broadly based expansion while at the same time 
serving as an effective shock absorber. 

China’s economic achievements are not the re- 
sult of government initiative alone. The economy 
owes part of its robustness to investments of capi- 
tal and know-how by Hong Kong and Taiwan 
entrepreneurs. As a trading partner, financier and 


By Miron Mnsbkat 

intermediary , Hong Kong has played a particular- 
ly important role in the modernization of China. 

Even in the domestic arena, the govern- 

ment has not been the sole agent of change. Bot- 
tom-up or spontaneous reform, such as the growth 
of private banking, has been common in the last IS 
years, often reinforcing the effects of the top-down 
effort. At times it has actually paved the way for 
government-inspired initiatives. 

China’s reformist record is far from uniformly 
i mp re ssive. Some poorly conceived institutional 
arrangements and unsound policies have hindered 
progress on the economic front. Examples indude 
the sony state of the banking system in general the 
very limited autonomy granted to the People’s 
Rank of China, and the propensity to keep real 
interest rales negative, thus overstimulating the 
appetite of enterprises for investment funds. 

Fiscal machinery is »lso malfunctioning with the 
central government completely at the mercy of local 
authorities. The failure of the former to collect its 
own revenues on a sufficiently large scale is mainly 
responsible for the massive gap between central 
government spending and income. As a result, mac 
money is printed inflation j$ poshed up. 

A problem that has attracted less attention is the 
labor market Obsolete practices, which are official- 
ly sanctioned, impede labor mobility and provide a 
disincentive to expansion ctf labor-intaiave produc- 
tion needed to reduce a high rate of unemployment 


The economy is beset by rigidities and policy 
hy»rtia An amonomo ns banking system promotion 
of private ownership of the means of production, a 
code of property rights, a compreamsive set of 
ri m niwKffini and rrrmrnal laws, ana an independent 
lpgat system to interpret and enforce the stat ut es are 
required to break through these barriers. 

china hag s till manage d to achieve solid eco- 
nomic growth. To a considerable extent this re- 
flects the t remendo us slack within the industrial 
sector at the . start of the reform program. This 
enabled sensible halfway measures to produce sub- 
stantial m q n nw w nienla in productivity. 

However, tftere is a growing realization that such 
measures h^oulhved their usrfiihiess. Rccoit offi- 
cial statcrosnls suggest that the Chinese leadership is 
wilting to accelerate the pace of chang e sharply. 

The challeng e lies in applying the blueprint far 
deeper market reform, particularly die fiscal com- 
ponent, in the face of strong resistance from the 
provinces. They have been offered a carrot in the 
form of an eariy end to the austerity program 
ltmnrhBfl last summer For the time bong at least, 
the provinces appear willing to toe thelme. 

They are likely to flex their muscles again, before 
loog in an attempt to pr ev ent an erosion td privi- 
leges associated with the stains qua It will be 
critically important for the central government to 
prevail in any such dash. 

The miter, chief economist for Asia at Lehman 
the International Herald Tribune. 


Don’t Trust the Reports of Supercharged Growth 


S INGAPORE — Figures abound 
which suggest that growth, after 


By Christopher tingle and Kart Wickmau 


adjustment lor inflation, has aver- 
aged from 8 to 12 percent in Qiina in 
the past 15 years. In Lot don. The 
Economist recently said that the Chi- 
nese economy grew at a real rate of 
some 13 percent in 1992, accelerating 
to 14 percent in the first half of 1993. 

IMF numbers contained in World 
Economic Outlook (May 1 993) imply 
that real economic growth during the 
1980s and earty 1990s averaged 10 
percent annually. Many of the most 
bullish comments about China by in- 
ternational financial advisers, fund 
managers and stock market gurus 
have been based on such assessments. 

Bui there is something odd about 
the supercharged figures. China is 
huge and economically diverse. Gov- 
ernment policies have accentuated 
regional differences. Is it likely that 
such a large and disparate country 
should suddenly and for a long time 
grow at a rate double that of Japan 
during its high growth period? Is it 
likely that Chinese growth would far 
outpace that of the smaller and modi 
more homogeneous “miracle econo- 
mies" elsewhere in East Asia? 

A closer look at available data re- 
inforces skepticism. World Bank fig- 
ures show the Chinese economy 
growing by about 1 percent a year 
from 1982 to 1987. That pattern is 


confirmed by figures in the World 
Economic Faclbook (1993) compiled 
by Euromonitor in London. Chma’s 
annual real growth for 1989-1991 is 
reported in a more down-to-earth 
range of 1.7 to 4.8 percent 

Toe mystery thickens whai one ex- 
amines toe IMF data base on 
from its International Financial Statis- 
tics, published in November. The real 
growth estimates are ouite high, yet 
are significantly lower than tbose pub- 
lished in the IMFs own May 1993 
repot For several years they even 
move in different directions. 

The IMF publication is obviously 
not using the IMF data base as a 
source, but some other data base. It is 
unclear winch one and why. 

So why are those supercharged 
growth statistics fo China given so 
much credence? First there migh t be 
confusion where nominal rather than 
real growth figures are reported. The 
Economist’s report of 14 pacent real 
growth for the first half of 1993 was 
made without reliable data on price 
changes. The most recent pabhshed 
price statistics, including the IMF up- 
date in October 1993, cover only the 
period up to 1991. Real growth fore- 
casts for 1992-1993 are a shot in the 
dark, with preliminary estimates 
pointing to inflation rates of 20 to 25 


percent. Such rates oould even imply 
negative real growth for China. 

A second possibility is that the 
experience of the booming son them 
and eastern provinces is extrapolated 
as the norm for all of China. While the 
coastal provinces are often referred to 
as the “fifth dragon” of Eart Asia, they 
represent economic conditions very 
distinct from most of the mainland 
They account for no more than 15 
percent of the total population. 

Thus, the often quoted reference to 
“12 billion Chinese consumers on 
the threshold of moderate wealth** 
should be scaled down to between 
120 million and 150 million. The 


tainly fall short of a China- 
wide consumer market To place this 
in perspective, anticipated rises in 
income far Indonesia win produce a 
.similar number of new consumes. 

A third possibility arises from die 
manetizafion of the Qrinese economy. 
Growth estimates are exaggerated 
when previously unreported barter 
production is converted to monetary 
values. This is a elastic problem with 
GNP estimates. But it becomes espe- 
cially difficult in countries moving 
from sdf-snBkamcy under commu- 
nism toward a market economy. 

A fourth possibility is that the very 


A Good Man Who Shouldn’t Be Lost 


W ASHINGTON — The New 
York Tunes headline chroni- 
cling the recent resignation of War- 
ren Zimroermann from the U.S. 
Foreign Service after 30 years calls 
him a “Balkan expert.” He is thaL 
Mr. Zunmennann. one of the few 
U.S. diplomatic professionals flu- 
ent in Serbo-Croatian, was the last 
American ambassador to Yugosla- 
via. He was recalled to Washington 
when the “ethnic deansng" by the 
Bosnian Serb roughnecks became 
too erode to countenance. 

if his advice had been more care- 
fully heeded in Washington and 
Belgrade, the worst of the Yugoslav 
tragedy ought have been avoided. 
Since his modesty rivals his extraor- 
dinary abilities, be would never 
make that claim. But I know some- 
thing about his largely unheralded 
efforts to avert the catastrophe. 

In March 1990, Ms embassy co- 
sponsored a conference on “feder- 
alism and pluralism." His idea was 
to bring together Americans and 
Yugoslavs to see if useful ideas and 
examples for post-Communist Yu- 
goslavia might be found in the 
.American experience. like the ri- 
valrous principalities of Yugosla- 
via. the United States had had its 
own ordeal with separatism. 

The effort failed, for the seces- 
sionist fever was already raging. 

When that fever intensified, Mr. 
Zimmcnnann tried, within the Em- 
its of diplomacy, to restrain it — 
and especially to dissuade the ma- 
jor European powers from an over- 
hasty endorsement. That also failed. 


By Edwin M. Yoder Jr. 

Germany led the way in recognizing 
the Croatian secession. There was a 
facile tendency at the time to identi- 
fy sccestiomsm in Croatia and Slo- 
venia with the liberation movements 
elsewhere in Europe that followed 
the collapse of the Berlin Wall 

Strangely. Mr. Zimmcnnann soon 
found himself pilloried in the Serbi- 
an nationalist press for alleged se- 
cret sympathies with the secession- 
ist movement he had sought to 
avert. “Herr Zknmennann," he was 
called — a nasty insinuation of 
German sympathies, since Croatia 
had been a Nazi poppet state dur- 
ing World War II. 

I relate these facts to amplify the 
record, since my old friend Mr. 
Zimmermann, a professional to the 
fingertips, is wholly incajpaMe of 
trying to impart saf-semng spins 
to what is now bitter history. 

I also write to register my person- 
al dismay that the United States is 
forfeiting the services of this dili- 
gent and talented public servant 
not only because he is distressed by 
inaction in Bosnia (be and I do not 
agree about that), but because he 
was on the verge of being shelved in 
a shabby affirmative actum maneu- 
ver at the State Department 

Mr. Zi ir un ci m ann has been man- 
aging the dep a rtment's refugee af- 
fairs since Ms return from Belgrade. 
Elaine Sciohno reports in The New 
York Times, accurately, that de- 
spite the department's recommen- 


dation that be be given tbe perma- 
nent appointment, “White House 
officials, with the c on c ur re n ce of 
Richard M. Moose, tbe undersecre- 
tary of state for mam&ement. have 
insisted that the new job be gjven to 
a woman or a uonwhite male." 
Never min d that this alternative ap- 
pointee has yet to be identified. 

None other than Mr. Zimxner- 
mann’s sponsor for appointment to 
the assistant secretaryship for refu- 
gee affairs. Secretary of state War- 
ren Christopher, boasted that tbe 
Clinton administration would 
“look like America.” meaning lode 
diverge. As a goal dial may be 
admirable; as a dogma leading to 
tbe casual discarding of highly 
Qualified career officials because 
they are unfashioaabty while and 
male, fr is not far short of lunatic. 

When Mr. Zimmermann and I 
first met in England in the mid- 
1950s, we learned something inter- 
esting that is relevant in tms con- 
text The highest ambition of tbe 
best and brightest students at Ox- 
ford and Cambridge was public ser- 
vice. That is one reason Britain ’? 
foreign and rivil service set a world 
standard for profestionalissL 

The same can be said of many in 
tbeUfL Foreign Service. But pnblic 
service is not a habit in America. The 
Vokier commission recently drscov^- 


Mgh growth figures might have been 
co njure d up by Chmeseantharities to 
exaggerate their economic sacoess 
and legitinBze their continued pol- 
itical dominance. 

The erode monetary system in Chi- 
na can be expected to go on generat- 
ing boom-bast cycles m winch effi- 
cient companies are prevented from 
getting credits to adjust tiieir produc- 
tion while inefficient state fixes are 
rescued and stocks are built up. Snob 
a policy is sot suited for long-tenn 
economic growth. 

Tbe recent retreat by the Chinese 
government from austerity reflects 
acceptance of reality. Its position has 
weakened, relative to the mgfrrgrowth 
provinces. Growth in China is ex- 
tremely uneven. Inflation generated 
by thehigh-growth coastal provinces 
imposes uncompensated pace rises 
on the underdeveloped hint erland 
provinces. Attempts by the poor and 
oepressed majority to control and tax 
would be stubbornly resisted by the 
more prosperous coastal minority. 

To avoid the High costs of investing 
m an immttainabfe bubble, estimates 
of Qrinese economic growth should 
be viewed with skepticism. West Ger- 
many has found to its great discom- 
fort now wildty off woe estimates of 
the vahie of productive assets in the 
former East Germany. As late as tie 
mid-1980s, per capita income in the 
Soviet Union was said to be near that 

of Spain. We know now that this was 
far from accurate. 

The uneven growth that has oc- 
curred in China since 1979 points to 
brightened regional tensions. When 
combined with other centrifugal 
forces in such an econ omicall y diroa- 
rale country, these could lead to the 
breakup of the Qrinese state. 

The miters are senior fellows 
in European studies at the National 
University of Singapore. They con- 
tributed this comment to the Interna - 
. tional Herald Tribune. 


New Assad? 
The Proof 
Is Awaited 

By Daniel Pipes 

Tj HILADELPHIA — After then 
if marathon meeting ia Geneva cat 
Sunday, Bill CEnton was asked if he 
felt that Hafez Assad had made a 
finn commitment to normalize rela- 
tions with Israel Without hratatka. 
President Cfinton replied. “The short 
answer is *yes.* ” 

WeU, maybe. 

President Assad’s record suggests 
that it is wise to be skeptical about his 
intffliirms As in the bad old daw 
whm he was a Soviet diem, he stin 


my in aggresavc anraura, oiuku 

mostly at brad, Turkey, Lebanon and 
the United States. They indude: 

• ftntiffing up Syrian u nCOnven - 
♦ional mili tary capabilities. Damascus 
now has thousands of chemical war- 
heads, appears to be on the verge of 
putting anthrax agents into weap ons 
and is starting nndear research. Its 
Scod-C missies from Ninth Korea 
can reach most ctf IsraeTs population. 

• Getting more involved in the 
drag tradt top officials participate in 
trafficking drugs to the West, accord- 

Sponsoring Lebanese and Palestin- 
ian groups that attadc IsradSs, as well 
as Palestinians who favor Yasser Ara- 
fat, and sponsoring the Kurdish 
Workers Party (PKJQ, a Marxist 
group, in hs aiwtumg car Turkey. 

• Nurturing an alliance with Iran. 
So dose is tins band that the Syrians 
-have dist ribute d counterfeit Hi cur- 
rency produced in Iran, according to a 

repeat by the House Repubtican Re- 
search Committee. 

In short, Mr. Assad’s policies have 
made Syria a rogne state along with 
Tihya, Iraq and Iran. He represses his 
own people with a harshness second 
only to Saddam Hussein's. 

Bar while Washington puts pres- 
sure on the other rogue states by 
wodtiqg to isolate tiKm, it^ woo6 Syr- 
ia. Rather than isolating the regime, h 
has tried for years to tang Syria into 
the “ famil y of nations.” 

American diplomats hold out small 
bail to encourage cooperation; last 
month, for example, Syria was allowed 
to acquire Amman-made jets Secre- 
taries ctf state and other dignitaries 
travel to Damascus, and now four 
U.S. presidents have met with Mr. 
Assad American companies operate 
in Syria ahnoa without restrictions. 

Mr. Assad has avoided the harsh 
treatment to Moammar Gad- 
tmfj, SwMimi Hussein and Iran’s mul- 
lahs became he is smarter. He makes 
gestures at the right time and plays 
complicated doable games. He keeps 
diplomatic links open and accommo- 
dates when necessary. For example, he 
has benefited simply by joining the 

^mr > Ld^ba In 1991 without "a 
peep from Wtfringuu. 

. A. few months ago, when Turkey 
protested against Syrian support of 
Knrttish terrorism, the Syrians re- 
pfied with scenting indignation: How 
can you raise such an issue while 
we’re engaged in the peace process 
with Israel? 

What if Mr. Assad, who said an 
Stinday that “in honor we shall make 
peace” with Israel, comes through? 

Then tbe Arab-Israeh conflict will 
be neasty over. While Israd will have 
to leave the Golan Heights, it will 
have an opportunity to establish 
stringent safeguards. 

Ana if Mr. Assad’s words in Gene- 
va don’t add up to ranch? 


ments in Syrian behavior, it will have 
to stop coddling Mm and confront 
him with a stark choice: “You’re ei- 
ther with ns or against ns." 

Forced to riioose sides, if he whole- 
heartedly travels the American route 
he would have to closedown the antir 
Turkish terrorist groups, kick out re- 
jectionist Palestinians, di sar m the 
fundamentalist groups in Lebanon, 
stop drug trafficking operations and 
end the military buildup. 

If he went down fhelxanianpafh, 
he would find himself on acomuon 
course with America. 

He would probably ask Mmsdf 
this question: Which route better 
assures me and my cordigiomst 
Alawites of continuing to dominate 
Syrian politics? While the Iranian 
route would suit Ms temperament, 
the American route would hold out 
more promise. 

The A me ri can policy of apprqach- 
ing Mr. Assad with great patimee 
and gentle words has produced little 
more than agreeable promises. If it 
-wants real chang e, Washington may 
have to adopt the sot of tough policy 
that this canny despot understands. 

The writer, director of the Middle 
East Council, a researdi orgmuatiort, 
aid author of ^Greater Syria* tmd "Da- 
mascus Courts the West,” contributed 
tins comment to The New York Times. 


m OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 

1894: Big Man in Cattle ' Forest- The resolution was referred to 


best college graduates never consider 
a public service career. The disgrace- 
fiu spectacle of Warren Zimmer- 
marm's fate helps exp lain why. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 


PARIS — M . MaJus, a cattle broker, 
is the victim whose wrongs need at- 
tending to. This gentleman, fr is said, 

is one of the heaviest men in the cattle 
trade. So ponderous is he that he had 
to have a cart bmlt specialty for him 
to make hb rounds in. Worn out with 
drawing Mm the horse dropped from 
exhaustion at Vincennes and yester- 
day [Jan. 18] M, Mates had topre-. 
pare to return to his home by tram. 
When he tried to get through the door 
he stuck halfway and could neither 
proceed nor retreat. 

1919: A War Inquest 

WASHINGTON — The first move 
toward a sweeping investigation of 
the War Dtoartraent toot place to- 
day [Jan. 17] when Mr. Campbell, 
Republican, Kansas, intro duced ! 
resolution in the House requiring that 
the House be informed of the reason 
for die excessive casualties of dm 
Thirty-fifth Division in the Argonne 


Forest The resohitiOT was referred to 
the rules committee where Represen- 
tative Campbell intends to nave it 
broadened to indude an inquiry into 
all alleged abuses winch have been 
the sobfect of recent mtimm 

1944: CiumMDReianis 

LONDON — [From oar New York 
edition:] Prime Minister Churchill 
returned to London from North Af- 
rica today [Jan. 18] after a nine 
wades’- absence mid within a little . 
more than an hour after stepping 
from fcixspecud train he was idfeig 
the House of Commons, in reply to 
members who asked eagerly if he 
' would delegate more work to spare 
Ms health, that he had “no changes 
to propose at present" in his routine. 
He -said he would like to matot a 
statement on the atuaikm in all war 
theaters, but appealed for^ “more lati- 
tude about die actual date.” It was 
learned tins evening that Mr. Chnr- 
chfll wd not make'ius statement on 
the war athation unti l next month. 



1NTERWATI0NA1 EDERALP TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1994 

- OPINION 


Replace the Nuclear Umbrella 


TJ iT ASHINGTON — Just as the 
recent NATO summit meet- 
ing was a reminder that the world 
faces a future in which the United 
Slates has become the sole global 
power, it likewise signals that it is 
time to reexamine the role and 
place of strategic nuclear weapons 
in American security policy. 

With tie dissolution of the Sovi- 
et Union and the division of its 
nuclear forces, the concerns of U.S. 
strategic planning have shifted 
from a single nuclear threat to a 
complex international situation — 
from Iraq to Ukraine to North Ko- 


r Smart* conventional 

weapons — safer and 
more flexible than 
nuclear weapons — 
might provide a more 
credible deterrent. 


rea — where regional aggression is 
more likely than it has been since 
before World War D. 

Experience, including the Gulf 
War, teaches us that nuclear weap- 
ons are unlikely to be useful in 
deterring aggression in these cir- 
cumstances. Rather than rdy on 
them, therefore, the United States 
should consider what might seem 
at first gjance a step backward: 
converting its principal strategic 
deterrent from nuclear weapons to 
a more credible deterrence based at 
least in part upon “smart” conven- 
tional weapons. It is a shift that 
could be justified as a coldly ratio- 
nal approach to a new security 
strategy and equally so as a moral- 
ly correct foreign policy choice. 

The case for choosing strategic, 
high-precision conventional weap- 
ons over strategic nuclear weapons 
is dear. They are safer, cause less 
collateral damage and pose less 
threat of escalation than do nucle- 
ar weapons. Thus they offer far 
greater flexibility in a variety of 
situations where use of any sort of 
nuclear weapon would be political- 
ly or militanly impractical. 

The principal challeng es to reli- 
ance on strategic conventional 
weapons are also clear. Can they 
adequately carry out their combat 
missions? If so. will that fact doer 
aggression as effectively as nuclear 
weapons appear to have done? I 
believe the answers to these ques- 
tions are, in general positive. 

The Gulf War offoed a spectac- 
ular demonstration of the potential 
effectiveness of smart weapons 
used in a strategic role. Against 
Iraq, such weapons rapidly ren- 
dered useless the military forces of 
a powerful dictator, in particular 
by neutralizing bis command, con- 
trol and communications facilities. 
At the same time, the Gulf War 
showed the limited value of nuclear 
weapons in deterring aggression. 

1 would argue that there was no 
useful role for nuclear weapons for 
anyone in the Gulf War Iraq could 
axxl did simply ignore allied nuclear 
weapons as virtually chimerical 
even whoa it attacked Israel. Like- 
wise, Iraq would have gained little 
by employing a nuclear device. For 
tan to tiave used such a nuclear 
capability as he might have devd- 


By Paul H. Nitze 

upon to deter him frean using them. 

After aQ, Saddam chose to start a 
nuclear weapons program in the 
face of the overwhelming nuclear 
power of the states arrayed against 
him, induding the Israels be sought 
to provoke. Thee was no logical 
reason for Iraq to build a nuclear 
weapon outside or this threat erf 
irresponsible behavior, the looming 
threat of a mid-card, regional nu- 
clear power. To my mind, Saddam’s 
decision to embark on a midear 
program itself shows that ihere was 
no nudear deterrent at play in 
Iraq's evaluation erf the strategic sit- 
uation in the Gulf. 

After the Gulf War, as its lessons 
are digested by all nations, one 
message rings loudest: Hie United 
States, when provoked, can and 
mil use strategic conventional 
weapons against whatever targets 
it considers appropriate. 

Understanding this lesson may 
offer us a way to create the first 
credible and therefore useful stra- 
tegic deterrent we have seen since 
the early days of the nudear era. It 
may be that conventional strategic 
weapons will one day perform that 
primary mission of deterrence im- 
measurably better than nudear 
weapons if only because we can — 
and wiH — use them. 

It is vitally important that we 
understand the effectiveness and 
limitations of strategic convention- 
al weapons. Unfortunately, much 
public and professional discussion 
has been superficial Yet it is a 
highly encouraging development 
for America that, for the first time, 
it might reasonably contemplate 
making nudear weapons largely 
obsolete for the most practical and 
f undamental strategir missions 

The U.S. government should con- 
sciously decide to pursue the con- 
version of its strategic deterrent 
from nudear to conventional weap- 
ons; and to begin now to decide not 
whether, but in what manner , this 
converaon will take place. 

But first, the truth about smart 
weapons must be established. Even 


though advanced conventional 
weapons appear to haw performed 
wdl in combat, we must be careful 
as we evaluate how good a model 
the Gulf War provided to under- 
standing the future utility of such 
weapons as a deterrent. 

To much of the world viewing 
the Gulf War on television, smart 
weapons appeared a mirade weap- 
on, capable of doing the job with 
little loss of mDitaiy personnel and 
limited civilian losses. But this may 
be an unreasonable perception at 
the current stage of strategic con- 
ventional weapons development. 

The lessons of the military utility 
of nudear weapons must also be re- 
examined and frankly acknowl- 
edged. We will never be certain 
wnai has detoxed the use of nudear 
weapons since 1945. We can specu- 
late that the strategic nudear arse- 
nals in their morbid way did stay 
the use of these weapons, that mutu- 
ally assured destruction may have 
prevailed the use of mirier weap- 
ons against other nudear powers. 
But in truth, using nuclear weapons 
has never entirely been ruled out, 
and much of the debate of opera- 
tional nudear strategy during the 
Cold War reflected this reality. 

What inhibited the American use 
of midear weapons was dearly sen- 
sitivity to the innriicatiotis of the 
destructiveness of such weapons. 
And however much U& muitaiy 
doctrine asserted otherwise, then 1 
use was never an easy option to the 
United States, and some trouble- 
some governments have known this 
and exploited it as a weakness in 
UU. military posture. 

While the McNamara-era deci- 
sion to move toward flexible re- 
sponse certainly led to a more inedi- 
ble UJS. military presence and 
deterrence for some situations, it 
did not improve the strategic deter- 
rent The United States was left 
with an enormous investment in a 
nuclear arsenal of limited use except 
in possibly deterring a nudear at- 
tack by the Soviet Union directly 
against the United States. It was a 
one-use strategic deterrent 

Developing true strategic con- 
ventional weapons offers a flexible 


A limited Partnership A European War 


oped would merely have reinforced 
the determination of the major pow- 
ers to eliminate him. 

It is aho true that a nudear capa- 
bility in Saddam's hands might have 
undermined U.& efforts to force 
him to behave responsibly. Nude- 
ar weapons used in desperation, or 
in a mid plan of revenge against 
Israel could have resulted in great 
human tragedy. We cannot know 
whether or not Saddam would 
have used nudear weapons had he 
possessed them. But we also can- 
not know whether the allied nude- 
ar threat could ever be counted 


CHAINED TOGETHER; 
Mandela, de Klerk and the 
Straggle to Remake South 
Africa 

By David Ottawqy. 291 pages. 
S25. Tunes Books. 

Reviewed by 
Mark Mathabane 

I N April South Africa, armed 
with a new- nonracial and noo- 
sexist constitution, will rendezvous 
with its political destiny when elec- 
tions are held ushering in black 
majority rule, ending more than 
300 years of white domination and 
oppression. The ruo leaders who 
launched this historic process are 
the subject of a luminous and ab- 
sorbing book, “Chained Together 


TW New Vori Han 

Tin list is based cm reports Iran mote dun 
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Wedts cm ibi ite noi mrsurilv cmsectmve 


w«b 

«Hk « <nu* 

1 THE BRIDGES OF MADI- 
SON COUNTY, bv Robert 
James WjJJtj ....... . 2 75 

1 SLOW WALTZ IN CEDAR 
BEND, bv Robert lames Wal- 
ter I il 

3 NIGHTMARES & DREAMS- 
CAPES, bv Stephen King . . 3 14 

4 THE CLIENT, by Mn Gris- 
ham .. — -• - . 5 44 

5 WITHOUT REMORSE, by 

Tom Clancy. - 4 21 

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olate by Laura Esquivel . 6 40 

7 THE HOPE, by Hrnaan 

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9 THE BOOK OF GUY5, by 

Garrnon Keillor - — S S 

10 MR. MURDER, by Dean 

Koontc . . - ■■■ — 9 10 

II A DANGEROUS FOR 

TUNE. bv Kra Fpllclt tl 15 


Regarding “A U.S. Foreign Poii- 
c v Named Boris Yeltsin" (Opinion, 
Jan. 4): 

William Pfaff has correctly ana- 
lyzed arguments about the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization and 
the countries of Central and East- 
ern Europe. What these countries 
wanted was a guarantee of security. 
What they received was far less. 

The U.S.-inspired Partnership 
for Peace plan is a concession to 
President Boris "Yeltsin’s objec- 
tions, reflecting the fear that treat- 
ing countries tike Poland as allies 
will strengthen Communist-nation- 
alist opposition to Mr. Ydtsin's 
promised reforms. 

But what guarantee is there that 
American diplomatic engineering 
will actually help produce a truly 
democratic Russia? And since 

tranquilized the 

it not likdy, on the contrary, that 
Russian nationalists will draw en- 
couragement from the fact that the 
West seems to have recognized 
their importance? 

The countries of Central and 
Eastern Europe, meanwhile, are 
left indefinitely in a limbo of inse- 
curity. The immediate interests of 
the West's natural allies are being 
ignored for the sake of the still 
doubtful prospect of Russia’s con- 
version to Western ways. 

The Polish ambassador in Brus- 
sels put it succinctly and with pa- 
thos: “We have no allies.” 

KEVIN RUANE. 

Vernier. Switzerland. 


Regtuding "Let Europe See to 
Bosnia ” (Letters, Jan. 11): 

I agree 100 percent with Gerald 
R. Hastings, why must the people 
of North America be asked for the 
third time in this century to come 
over and fight Europe’s wars, 
which have been caused by what 
might best be described as the 
bankruptcy of European politics? 

GEORGE KYLE 
Nice. 

Checkered History 

Regarding * Croatia and Its Sym- 
bols” (Letters, Dec 7) from Tatjana 
Thaller Former: 

Notwithstanding the centuries- 
long history of Croatia's checker- 
board coat of arms, it was last 
widdy displayed during Worid 
War II by toe Nazi-backed Usmhi 
regime. To the survivors of the Us- 
lashi genocide of Serbs and Jews, 
the emblem is comparable to the 
Nazi swastika. 

GEORGE TINTOR. 

London. 

Standing Up to Serbs 

From the start of the Bosnian 
war, it has been a win-win situation 
to the Serbs, since the Western 
community never even discussed 
whether the Serbs should retain all 
of the territories conquered, but 
only how much they could kero. 

Both lbe Croats and the Mus- 
lims lose under current proposals. 
The Muslims seem to have more 


BOOKS 


Mandela, de Klerk, and the Strug- 
gle to Remake South Africa." 

With a keen eye for telling sub- 
tleties. David Ottaway, a Washing- 
ton Post correspondent, analyzes 
the dramatic events and constella- 
tion of players surrounding South 
Africa's roller-coaster tide to de- 
mocracy, which began with Nelson 
Mandela, lbe imprisoned African 
National Congress leader, holding 
secret talks with his captors, among 
them President de Klerk. The talks 
laid the groundwork for Mandela's 
release and for negotiations be- 
tween the apartheid regime and its 
foes. Manoela, impressed by de 
KJerk, characterized him as “a man 
of integrity" blacks could trust and 

do business with. 

Euphoric onlookers started de- 
scribing the two leaden in terms 

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redolent with hope for the future: 
statesmen, allies, co-peacemakers, 
visionaries. Yet Mandela and de 
Klerk quickly degenerated into mere 
politicians and partisans. They bick- 
ered over the causes of and respons- 
es to black violence, they accused 
each other of duplicity, they reneged 
on important promises. They spent 
more time catering to the parochial 
interests of their respective groups 
ilmn healing a divided nation men- 
aced by rivfl war. 

At times their feuding made a 
mockery of the various peace 
awards the world community was 
bestowing on them, indnding the 
1993 Nobel Peace Prize. Yet, they 
continued negotiating, aware that 
despite their mutual animus and dis- 
trust, they needed each other for 
political survival and to prevent the 
country from exploding, 


10 WOMEN WHO RUN WITH 
THE WOLVES, by Clarissa 
Pink ala Ewes 12 73 

it FURTHER ALONG THE 
ROAD LESS TRAVELED, 
by M. Scou Peek 13 15 

12 A MARRIAGE MADE IN 

HEA VENDOR TOO TIRED 
FOR AN AFFAIR, by Erma 
Baatbcdk 10 15 

13 A HISTORY OF GOD, by 

Korea Arautrooi | 

14 MAYBE (MAYBE NOT), by 

Robcn Fulihom 15 

15 FLY FISHING THROUGH 

THE MIDLIFE CRISIS, by 
Howefl Rains I 

ADVICE. HOW-TO 
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Susan Powier „. 12 

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. . By Joann Byrd 

\TT ASHINGTON — Fasv-for- multitude o! 
' YY ward to the far-far-distant mally hiddei 


capability that no aggressor can 
discount safely in a wide range 
of circumstances. 

Certainly, it would be wise to 

Continue |q maintain a secure and 

widdy dispersed array of nuclear 
weapons and their delivery system 
until it seems certain that Lhc nude- 
ar weapons of others constitute no 
threat to the United States and its 
associates. But possession of such 
nudear strategic superiority does 
not, by itself, answer whether it 
would be wise to the United States 
actually to use its nudear farces 
even in retaliation to tire use erf 
nudear weapons fay another coun- 
try. After rfD, if tire country initiat- 
ing such use could be effectively 
disarmed by conventional fences, 
there would he no mfitary reason to 
retaliate with a nudear strike. 

But how dose is the United 
States to possessing conventional 
weapons that can Indeed replace 
nuclear weapons as the primary 
deterrent against aggression? 

Today, there remains a gap be- 
tween the destructive power of a 
first-class strategic arsenal, sudt as 


that of Russia, and the abili ty of 
American strategic conventional 
weapons to overcome such a 
threat. Understanding and over- 
coming this gap should become the 
focus of technological research 
into the practical obstacles of de- 
livery, accuracy and explosive ca- 
pabilities, as wdl as planning secu- 
ritystrategy and. tactics. 

The Gulf War suggests that U.S. 
conventional weapons could offer 
an adequate deterrent against re- 
gional aggression, a question re- 
mains whether other powers, such 

(Thina and Russia, nav e come to 

this conclusion. But the present 
thrust does not OOme p rima rily 
from these nations but from states 
such as Iraq, North Korea or even 
Libya. It is, onfommatdy, not 
dear that any strategic weapon can 
deter the ambitions of a tyrant 

The United Stales should recog- 
nize its responsibility to hefp dupe 
the pattern and purpose of security 

arrangements worldwide. 

The idea that the future peace 
and well-being of the wodd should 
rest upon the threat of nudear an- 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


stomach for fighting on, while the 
Croatian government is always 
looking for compromises. As a 
Croat, I envy the Bosnian people 
their leadership, which is not 
afraid to fight even against over- 
whelming odds, especially since 
the Bosnians have to fight both 
Croats and Serbs. 

Although Croatia has created for 
itsdf an additional enemy in Bos- 
nia (the Muslims), only Croats and 
the Muslims united have a chance 
to stand up to the Serbians’ dreams 
of expansion at the expense of oth- 
er ex- Yugoslav people. 

STJEPAN BALOG. 

Warren, Michigan. 

The Poverty Industry 

Regarding U A Success in Helping 
the Poor" (Opinion, Dec 21) by Jes- 
sica Mathews: 

As a technical adviser Irving in 
Bangladesh, I know the Gramma 
Bank is indeed a huge success in 
helping the poor. This leads to a 
question: Why does Bangladesh 
not publicize this success story? 

Ba n gladesh sells its poverty for 
the same reason that the Saudis sefl 
o3: They hare a lot of it. In the 
international market, poverty is not 
usually thought to hare value, yet 

Learn intended for publication 
should be addressed "Letters to the 
Editor * and contain the writer's 
signature, name and fu& address. 
Letters should be brief and are 
subject to editing. We cannot be 
responsible for the return of tmso- 


Bangladesh has turned it into a hfl- 
lion-doilar industry. According to 
government figures, the total aid 
mmmi t ment tn Bangladesh since in- 
dependence is $30.5 bflDon. 

The only problem with this inge- 
nious entrepreneurship is that Ban- 
gladesh has cast itsdf in the perma- 
nent role of “desperately poor 
country.*' By reducing poverty, 
the Grameen Bank inadvertently 
threatens the flow of foreign aid, 
and the livelihoods of tens of 
thousands of “development" 
bureaucrats, both Bangladeshi 
and expatriate. 


DcnretTYAUSWY. 


nihilafion of large numbers of non- 
combatants is, in die long ran, un- 
acceptable. We should treat with 
scorn those, like North Korea, who 
may at temp t to h larintiafl Others 
with imprudent nudear threats. 

In the wodd as it is, America will 
continue to need nonstrategie con- 
ventional forces to stop aggression 
as it unfolds. It win also need to 
maintain an overwhelming nudear 
strategic capability, though not 
necesarify to use such weapons — 
even in retaliation — if an aggres- 
sor can be disarmed with smart 
non-nuclear strategic weapons. 
The United States most learn not 
merely to react, as eye for eye, at 
out of anger, but with wisdom and 
a sense of the great responsibility 
that comes with great power. 

The writer, a former arms control 
negotiator and ambassador-at-largc 
doing the Reagan administration, is 
diplomat-in-residence at the PatdH. 
Nitre School of Advanced Interna- 
tional Studies, Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity. He contributedMs comment 
to The Washington Post 


It is interesting that the U.S. 
Agency for International Develop- 
ment, which provides almost $40 
miB in n annually to Bangladesh, 
only managed to pledge $2 million 
to the Grameen Bank. 

PATRICK DOUGHERTY. 
Dhaka, Ban gladesh, 

Good Sense and Law 

Regarding an item in “Away 
From Politics" (Dec 21): 

So, a Sl Louis circuit court Jury 
awards $750,000 in “actual” dam- 
ages to a woman injured by a 


future. Archaeologists are dig- 
ging up this civilization. 

the team charged with looking 
at newspapers and television, 
film and. radio tapes begins 
itsreport; 

"The word /penis’ first ap- 
peared m American media on 

MEANWHILE - 

June 24, 1993. By actual count, 
thG word and its assorted (usually, 
we must say, infantile) euphe- 
misms appeared 47,896,451 times 
in the seven months following the 
breach of that taste barrier. 

“(See ‘First Publication of 
Word Condom,' 1986. Note ab- 
sence of discussion of newspa- 
pers’ long-standing, routine refer- 
ences to parts of female anatomy 
— Le., vagina and breast) 

‘This development coincided 
with the peculiar penchant of 
news media in the last decades 
of the 20th century to engage 
in what was then known as a 
‘feeding frenzy.* 

“The result was that the media 
went berserk over one particular- 
ly notorious penis, that belong- 
ing to a man named Bobbitt 
Even newspapers that usually fa- 
vored important national issues 
put this saga on their front pages. 
Ibis provided journalistic cover 
for less serious media to exploit 
the most salacious elements 
of the story. 

“We are at a loss to explain 
why the media became obsessed 
with this story." 

Note to archaeologists: Take 
your pick from the following: . 

• There is the significance ex- 
planation: The sad . marriage of 
John and Lorroa Bobbitt was the 
1993 exemplar of ancient and 
abiding gender wars and an avail- 
able Hhistration of what must be a 


speeding Domino’ s Pizza delivery 
truck; that’s fine. But now the mad- 
ness: They also award ha $78 mil- 
lion in p unitiv e damages! 

When wifl tins insanity stop? 
Lawyers and judges have made a 
mockery of the US. legal system by 
allowing such ludicrous judgments 
to become commonplace. 

It is disturbing to see no end to 
this tread. The legal system needs a 
major overhaul and a good shot of 
plant “common sense/ 

SAMI- VICTOR ELIAS. 

Orsay, France. 


multitude erf private horrors nor- 
mally hidden from public view. 

• Or tire primal justification: It 

was news because so many men 
identified so intensely with tire 
possibility of a penis being sev- 
ered. And so many women, espe- 
cially those who have been raped 
and battered, readily saw tnrir 
own fantasies of retribution car- 
ried ouL The story struck readers 
and viewers (and journalists) in 
instant and visceral ways. 

• And what follows from that, 
the male editor theory: This media 
spectacle was generated by and fo- 
cused on the penis-cutting and not 
on tire rape that Lorroa Bobbin 
says brought her to take up the 
knife (and which a jury said prose- 
cutors did not prove). People mak- 
ing the biggest news judgments 
are usually mat 

• The man-bites-dog rationale: 
According to the prevailing as- 
sumption, women are only tire vic- 
tims, never the perpetrators, of 
domestic violence. 

• The deeper- than -it-tooks rea- 
soning: This story was the morality 

narrative of two wrongs. And tire 
tale of bkxnished victims. And a 
classi c about the straggle for pow- 
er. It involves readers in ambiva- 
lence and thought and debate. 

• The every body-is-talking- 
about-h excuse: Well anyway, a 
lot of people were. 

• And finally, you've got the 
speculation of people who find the 
muriiA arcus riisgii sti n g Some re- 
spectable people love to hate every 
word of such junk. This was an 
inherently sensational story. And if 
h was legitimately about brutality, 
it was saturated with sex. 

Maybe all those explanations 
were at work in tire world’s media. 

The Washington Post’s readers, 
far example, got straight-faced, so- 
ber police and trial and medical 
reporting. And attempts to find 
some broader meaning (with vary- 
ing success) in the events and the 
public reaction to them. But read- 
ers also got snickers and puns and 
rnnnenrin and ftnwJinera that once 
would have gotten an adolescent's 
month washed ouL 

In 58 stories about the Bobbins 
and 40 other references to tire case. 
The Post covered ah possibilities 
from cautious documentation to 
ribald amnsemenL And so did tire 
other media. Does that mean that 
there was no one reason for tire 
frenzy, but every reason for it? 

P.S. to archaeologists: If this 
media circus is still going on in 
your century, I suggest that you 
call in your genetic engineers. 
Maybe they can end all of it by 
identifying and then eliminating 
the gene for voyeurism. 

The Washington Port. 


V 




The Commerzbank report 
on German business and finance 


Germany’s economic woes will 
abate only slightly in 1994 


Was the relationship between 
Mandela and de Klerk doomed by 
tire forces they had unleashed but 
could not control, or is South Afri- 
ca’s chaos and bloodletting partly 
of their making? 

Far answers Ottaway scrutinizes 
the personal and political histories 
of the two leaders. He probes ihrfr 
respective origins, thdr rise to pow- 
er, their styles of leadership, the na- 
ture of the parties they lead, their 
mistakes, the pressure they came un- 
der, the squandered opportunities. 

We see in Manddfl, “The Revolu- 
tionary Chief” and de Klerk, “The 
Calvinist Reformer," two strong- 
willed yet pragmatic men, at cnee 
autocratic and democratic, more 
adored abroad than at borne, be- 
holden to thdr respective power, 
bases and professing party loyalty 
and yet with a pendumt to reaching 
momentous dedaons an their own. 

Around de Klerk and Mandela is 
a gallimaufry of participants in 
South Africa's unfolding drama. 
TheZuIp leader Mangosuthu Butb- 
etezi, Mandeb’s main rival for 
black votes if he participates in 
elections, champions a capitalist 
and decentralized government 
while exploiting tribalism to hold 
on to his fiefdom. Black radicals, 
oath thdr slogan of “me bullet, 
one settler want immediate and 
total white surrender. Neofasdsis 
clamor for a whites-only homeland. 
Diehard Marxists witiun the South 
African Communist Party cling to 
communism despite its demise 
worldwide, and see an ANC victory 
as prelude to a socialist revolution. 
Various homeland leaders, drunk 
with coemption and despotic pow- 
er, oppose the itarempmaticn of 
their archipelagos of misery and 
poverty into a unified South Africa. 

Mark Mathabane, author of 
u KafTir Boy” wrote this for The 
Washington Past. 


Western Germany’s current recession 
has exposed the economy’s structural 
weaknesses. High labor costs and takes, 
as well as overregulated labor and prod- 
uct markets, are often pinpointed as the 
key problems. Breakthroughs are dearly 
needed in these areas in order to improve 
the growth of potential output and reduce 
unemployment. 

The impression is sometimes created 
that the German economy is heading for 
protracted stagnation unless these prob- 
lems are tackled. But there are good 
reasons to believe that the decline in 
industrial production or GDP and the 
subsequent fall in employment and busi- 
ness investment in 1992-93 can largely be 
attributed to cyclical forces. 

Heavy burden on private sector 

The' downturn was triggered by the 
sustained fall in foreign demand and the 
clash between wage policy and monetary 
policy in 1991-92, which resulted in a 
sharp profit squeeze and a scaling-down 
of investment plans. In addition, the 
government's policy since 1991 of raising 
taxes and social security contributions 
plays an important role. This year alone, 
the burden on die private sector will be 
roughly DM 40 billion heavier. And in 
1995 the solidarity surcharge will be 
reintroduced (DM 28 billion). This is 
definitely a structural impediment to 
growth but the only new one to have 
arisen in recent years. 

Fiscal consolidation, a further decline 
in employment and wage increases 
below the expected inflation rate will 
contribute to a further fail in real private 
consumption. It is highly uncertain how 


“Ecxmomic recovery will be 
led by business investment 
and an export revivaL" 


far private households will continue to 
maintain their living sta nd ards by saving 
less. A recovery wdl therefore have to be 
led by business investment and exports, 
with residential construction continuing 
to be a stabilizing factor. 

Business investment fell sharply in 
1993 but its share in GDP was still higher 
than in the 1981/82 recession and even 
higher than during the early phase of the 
previous upswing. Low interest rates and 
wage increases, as well as 
extensive cost-cutting and 
rationalization measures, dwgi«T*» 
provide a basis for a re- 
bound in investment ae- 
tivity. y,- 

Whether exports pick . 
up, however, will depend 
on the timing of the re- I. 
covery in other parts of Owwufc^ •. 
Western Europe. Further- 
more, it is uncertain how 
strongly the very uneven 

ap prec iati on of the D-mark 

vis-A-vis other European 
currencies will reduce de- 
mand for German prod- 
ucts. Export expectations 0 
as well as incoming foreign orders suggest 
that an export revival is just round the 
comer. The more the recovery world- 
wide is driven by busines investment - 
as is currently the case in the U.S. - the 
more German producers win benefit. 

Whereas the debate on the timing and 
the sources of the recovery is reasonable. 


great precision about numbers is not. 
Due to separate national accounts for 
eastern and western Germany and 
changes in tire measurement of intra- 
EC trade, the margin of error for real 
GDP is now more than one percentage 
point in either direction. The best current 
estimate is a growth rate for western Ger- 
many close to zero on average in 1994, 
end a somewhat better performance in a 
year-end comparison. The risks may be 
compounded by the large number of 
elections which Germany faces this year; 
on the positive side, the eastern German 
economy could well be more buoyant. 

No matter what the exact outcome for 
growth is in 1994, the situation in the 


Outlook for tha German economy 

dMpqaiMr 


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labor market will deteriorate further. 
This pressing economic problem calls 
for sweeping changes in government 
policies, but above all in the agree- 
ments reached between employers apd 
unions. Some progress is already evident 
here - the first step towards a better 
future. 




COMMERZBANK li, 

German know-how in global finance 


VIEWPOINT it pnaanind M a aonrict to flw HUenadonri tmaiawnud ftudid e oia am niiy by C Wrrt M H l: towl t faumt Pniwln* . D-40261 ftrakTnn, Ggrrmny 

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Gflmdat Grand Caytua. H«g Kang, Uunbrd, fekutt, Mu&Mibu>8, Klw. London. Lm Angelet Ln*ombo«ra. Madrid. MmimlBalmULMeika Oik Mn^Masaow. New York. Osda. Pant, 
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-- J. 


Page8 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, 'WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19,1994 



' AFTERSHOCK/ 


Economists Fear Picking Up the Pieces at the Epicenter 

HP rp M.* f f - By Alan C. Miller But the disaster also wreaked havoc on No dollar estimates couldbe placed on 

I iAI10b I PlTTl I’j 1 1 ■ and Leslie Berfier California State Univtxsty-Northridge, the fear emanating from the sprawluigcampii 

ICUUiilivl/W Northridge FasMonC^and w*y™- blade pofe rose MoX from mult 

, n c AvircT c« __ Pnrtinnc of the mall dential streets m the suburb, winch has a Mazes in three science biddings where] 
r* 1 UK IV • • 7 Lhc population of 65,000. ardous and low-levd radioactive m&ta 

Catastrophe May Diminish 

Lure of Southern California stf J£t£ 

J J Nrtrthrirfw*. a suburb 20 miles t30 kflome- Afttr a series of aftershocks over the fol- mkht be released into the air. In one of 


By John M. Berry 

Washington Pan Service 

While experts estimate that pub- 
lic and private property losses cram 
the earthquake will exceed 57 bil- 
lion, they say that the long-term 
economic riatwigp could be even 
worse. 

The Southern California econo- 
my has suffered a series of recent 
shocks — fires, mud slides, riots, 
falling real estate values and a dev- 
astating decline in its defense in- 
dustries — that pushed unemploy- 
ment into double digits and 
undermined confidence among 
consumers and business executives 
that the area could return to boom 
times. 

Spending to clean up and repair 
the quake's damage, including like- 
ly federal government assistance, 
should give the recession-plagued 
economy a boost. 

The question is whether that 
spending will be enough to offset 


other areas has been the region’s 
severe congestion, with employees 
spending hours commuting on the 
network of freeways that are its 
transportation lifelines. Damage to 
several freeways, including the 
Santa Monica Freeway that carries 
traffic west from central Los Ange- 
les, wiS mean even worse traffic 
jams on alternative routes for many 
weeks to come. 


By Alan C. Miller 
and Leslie Berger 

Lm Angeles Tuna Service 

LOS ANGELES — Portions of the mall 

cavedi&Smoke billowed from buildings and 
streets as redden ts of Northridge, the epicen- 
ter of Monday’s earthquake, took to their 
roofs with hoses to fight back flames. 

Northridge, a suburb 20 miles (30 kilome- 
ters) northwest of downtown Los Angeles, 
was the scene of almost half of the fatalities, 
several miracle rescues, and in general, 
wholesale devastation. 

Nowhere was the toll of the temblor more 
evident than at the North ridge Meadow 
apartments, where a three-story apartment 
b uilding lurched six feet (about 2 meters) to 
one side before collapsing into its first floor. 
At least 16 people died, and others were 
trapped for hours. 


population of 65,000. 
*It used to be goo 


i here,” said Joseph 
resident. “I think it's 


Moffljm, a Normndge resident, i turns its 
still going to be good But let's wail and see if 
we're done.” 

After a series of aftershocks over the fol- 
lowing 24 hours, he said, “We’re not done 
ytuT 

At Cal Stale-Northridwi, fires erupted m 
chemical-laden science buildings, a four-level 
parking garage collapsed and chunks of the 
library roof fdl off. 

A damage estimate was not expected until 
later, but the libraiy is a prized facility, hous- 
ing a 52 million robotic retrieval system — 
dubbed Leviathan n — and is considered the 
world’s first fully automated libraiy. 


No dollar estimates could beplaced on the 
fear emanating from the sprawhug campus as 
black smoke rose Monday from multiple 
Mazes in three science braidings where haz- - 
ardous and low-levd radioactive 
are stored. The Mares were spread when 
explosions blew out windows. 

University officials sealed off the area tem- 
porarily, fearful that hazardous substances 
might be released into the air. In one of the 
few pieces of good news, fire officials man- 
aged to contain the flames before they- 
reacbed the radioactive substances. 

A load of sulfuric acid spilled, however, 
when the quake jotted fom locomotives and 
24 cars of a freight train off its tracks south erf 
the Northridge Fashion Center, prompting 
an emergency deannp effort. 

And mi a Northridge street, m oil line 
exploded, the resulting fire burning rows of 
parked cars. . . 


the economic impact of the quake’s 
psychological trauma on the re- 
gion’s residents. Some officials and 
analysts expressed fear that the 
earthquake may be the sort of 
straw- that- broke- the-camd V back 
event that convinces many already- 
skeptkal people that Southern Cal- 
ifornia is simply not a place in 
which to live or ao business. 

“My heart is sinking,’' said Sena- 
tor Barbara Boxer, a Democrat, in 
a television interview. “We had just 
.turned a corner in California, with 
riots and fires and everything that 
has occurred in these past few 
years, so it is very disheartening.” 

A major concern among busi- 
nesses thinking of relocating to 


U.S. insurance industry officials 
said Tuesday that the property 
damag e caused by the quake would 
far exceed the S7 billion caused in 
the 1989 San Francisco quake, 
news agencies reported. 

But American insurance compa- 
nies expect to come through the 
Los Angeles quake in good shape 
because buying earthquake insur- 
ance is so expensive. 

This means that many people 
forgo the insurance. Of the $7 bil- 
lion in damag e caused by the 1989 
temblor in San Francisco, only 
S960 million was covered by insur- 
ance. 

Major insurers include State 
Farm, the largest insurer in Califor- 
nia; Farmers, a subsidiary of (he 
British company BAT, and Fire- 
man's Fund, a subsidiary of the 
German insurer Allianz. 

IJoyd’s of London, (be world's 
largest insurance market, said the 
earthquake could cost insurers as 
much as 56 billion, a spokesman 
said Tuesday. 

But initial estimates of insured 
losses by other industry analysts, 
including Munich Re, the world's 
largest reinsurance company, were 
around SI billion. (AFP, Reuters) 



A National Guardsman and rescue workers outside a Northridge apartment brakfing that collapsed, Jri ffin g M people there. 


QUAKE: Violent Aftershocks Hit Los Angeles as Search for Survivors Goes On, Damage Exceeds $7 Billion 


Continued from Page 1 
for the area’s 9 million residents 
was likely to be disrupted for up to 
a year or more. 

With nearly 3 million vehicles 
using more than 600 mfles (970 
kilometers) of freeway in Los An- 
gles during the evening rush hour, 
the city’s residents are extraordi- 
narily dependent on main highway 
arteries. 

The city’s new subway line, the 
Metro Red Line, which opened last 
January, is expected to offer little 
help. 1 l runs through about four 
miles of downtown Los Angeles, 
from Union Station to MacArthur 
Park. 

The area’s Metrolmk commuter 


trains operated on Tuesday, al- 
though some stations and stretches 
of track that were damaged were 
dosed. 

The freeways alone could cost 
hundreds of millions of dollars to 
rebuild. And Governor Pete WD- 
son said it could take a year to 
repair some vital roads. 

“You don’t want to rash and risk 
it falling again,” he said. 

Bill I wan, chairman of the state 
Seismic Safety Commission, said 
the damage was disturbingly simi- 
lar to that caused by the 1971 
quake, despite new earthquake 
standards and the reinforcement erf 
highway bridges. 

For the most part, the region was 


peaceful overnight Monday as resi- 
dents remained calm even as after- 
shocks reverberated. 

The police enforced a dusk-to- 
dawn curfew and arrested 73 peo- 
ple for “quake related incidents,** 
including breaking the curfew and 
looting. To help keep the peace, 
1,500 members of the National 
Guard were activated. 

More than 200 people remained 
hospitalized. At most hospitals, 
emergency workers and officials 
said the vast majority of injuries 
were caused when people tried to 
get out of their homes. 

Serious water damage, gas leaks 
and power outages forced the 377- 
bed Olive View Medical Center to 


evacuate all its patients to other 
hospitals and dimes. 

The hospital was rebuilt, suppos- 
edly to withstand earthquakes, on 
the she of a hospital that was de- 
stroyed in the 1971 earthquake. 

More than a hundred fires broke 
out after the temblor, destroying 
businesses and leaving more than 
15,000 people homeless. 

The U.S. secretary of housing 
and urban development, Henry G. 
Cisneros, and the transportation 
secretary, Federico F. Pefla, arrived 
in Los Angeles offering federal fi- 
nancial aid. 

President Bill Clinton declared 
Southern California a disaster area 


on Monday, paving the way for 
federal aid. 

“There mil be federal aid of dif- 
ferent kinds,” Governor Wilson 
said. He said federal aid could pos- 
sibly exceed $100 million. 

Mr. Wilson conceded that the 
federal funds would provide a shot 
in the arm for Southern Califor- 
nia’s depressed economy. 

“IfsaheOof a way to do it,” be 
added 

Many residents were too fright- 
ened toretnm home and flodeed to 
tent cities in fields and parks. 

People huddled in chilly tem- 
peratures in sleeping bags and tried 
to stay calm by playing cards, lis- 
tening to music and even barbecu- 


For Many Japanese, 
Worried Fascination 

Baghdad Sees 'God’s Wrath’ 

am^brdurSuffFiwiDispxdtn . crust and _ * mJTSa 

zt as: ss 

fesrsasss SaSgRssS 

mg tbatthe scenes of devastation President 

&**£-.*- sffiS 

Like Los Angetes, the heavily flies of those kfflfi 
populated Tokyo region is a seas- Me Ydzsan said he was certa in 
mic high draigerzot» where, sacn- tlat Americans name teennma- 
tists say, a huge quake is likely tion and toughness wou ld en able 
sooner rather than later. them to recover quickly from the 

Japan planned to offer some sort dis as te r , 
of relief assistance to victims of the j n -Berlin, Mayor Eberhard 
latest Los Angeles, Tokyo's chief saying the German capi- 

spokesman said Tuesday. tfll could never forget U.S. support 

Despite Japan’s huge sdsmmogi- for Berlin during the Cold War; 
cal resources, no one can say when Tuesday that the city was cd- 

„ : ;«I| nrnw “With fh* . . _ _ -■ e ^ _x *L_ 


Los Angeles earthquake and know- 
ing that the scenes of devastation 
could be dupitated on Japanese 
soil at any time. 

like Los Angdes, the. heavily 
populated Tokyo region is a sers- 
mic h'£h danger zooe -where, scien- 
tists say, a huge quake is likely 
sooner rather than later. 

Japan planned to offer some sort 

erf relief assistance to victims of the 
l a te n t Los Angdes, Tokyo's chief 
spokesman said Tuesday. 


cal resources, no one can say what 
a major jolt might come, “with the 
technology we lave today, it is im- 
possible to predict when and where 
a major earthquake could occur,” 
Hiroshi Araya, of the Central Me- 
teorological Agency, said Tuesday. 

“We have constantly been &riv- 
mg fn i mpr ov e our prediction abtfi- 
ty*” said Shigeo Mori, of the meteo- 
rological agency. “But this Los 
Angdes earthquake has certainly 
prompted us to think more about 
the need for sophisticated predic- 
tion technology.” 

Japan has about 170 seismo- 
graphs across the country. They 
detect movements in the Earth’s 


earthquake. 

Bnt in Baghdad, an official news- 
paper called the earthquake the 
“wrath of God” and “the curse of 
the Iraqis” against the United 
States for the Gulf War, which be- 
gan just three years ago. . 

Adding to the denunciation by 
Babel, a newspaper run by the pres- 
ident's son, Uday Hussein, a televi- 
sion rharmri also owned by the 
eldest son of President Saddam 
Hussein, said it was “God's fury at 
America,” far the Gulf War, begun 
Jan. 17, 1991. . (Reuters, AFP) 


Friendly Computer Users 


ing me*]* Some took refuge in 
automobiles. 

The authorities set up dozens of 
shelters for people left homeless, 
white the Red Cross appealed for 
donations. 

fmm riiB faTiftvmia Tn- 

stitnte of Technology said the. 
earthquake occ urr ed on tile Oak- 
ridge fault, an east-west line run- 
ning from the San Fernando ^ Valky 
to the Pacific Ocean. It has not 
been active far 200 years, they said. 

Lucy Jones, a scientist at the in- 
stitute, reported 88 aftershocks 
with a magnitude of 3 B or greater 
and said there was- a *50-50- 
chance” that another aftershock of 
5.0 or greater would be felt within 
days. ( Reuters, AJP,AFP) 


New York Times Smiat 

NEW YORK — Within minutes after the San Fernando Valky 
was rocked by an earthquake Moo<tyinbnim& the nationwide web 
of campata-netwqria was -abuzz wim messages to ami from peqplc 
touched by the shock. 

Hundreds of computer users turned to dectromc mafl when they 
- were wtiahte to make long-distance telephone calls into and out of 
the earthquake area. People in the area discovered they could dial 
.local telephone numbers that gave them access to electronic mafl 
netwenks unaffected by the quake. 

They usedthenetworks to ask strangers around the country to 
relay g « by telephone to friends and relatives. Hundreds of 
computer users had posted messages cm the networks offering to 
relay messages. 

Robert Davidson, who signed his message “Desperate in' New 
Jersey,” sent ant a plea over the Prodigy network at 11:34 AM. 
e as tern standard tune, asking: “If you have any information about 
conditions in Northridge, the epicenter of the quake, please write 
bade. We cannot reach our rdatrrcs there and arc extremely worried 
about them. They live on-Olympia Road.” - 

Just three minutes later, he received a reassuring response over the 
network from Eric Rndeonan.' 

“My a«m and nnde in Northridge report a. lot of glass breakage 
etc: in the house but no real structural damage visible in the 
inei^d>oehood. y Mr. Ri»dqHnan saST - r. 

. A spokesman for the Prodigy netwraksaid that more than 4J300 
messages had been cxchangedby nndaftemoon after ft establrshrd a 
spedalearthqnake foram for the messages. 


Continued from Page 1 

nonric axis ran East-West from New York to 
London to Frankfurt to Tokyo. Another, 
emerging axis runs in a direction teat used to be 
called North-South, to the most dynamic part 
of the world in East Aria including China, 
through Latin America, and on to the countries 
of Eastern Europe, mduding Russia, which are 
straggling to integrate themselves into the 
Western market system. 

These structural shifts, said Neal Soss of the 
investment bank CS First Boston, mean that 
even the advanced economies adjusting to the 
transition need more spending stimulus to turn 
around — more than the debt-laden govern- 
ments of the industrial nations are willing to lay 
out. 

“Workers are off balance because of the 
changes to their world, and they need more 
time and more security before they spend 
more,” be said. “And in places like Malaysia, 
Taiwan, and even China, hundreds of millions 
of workers are emerinz the world economic 
system as producers and not consumers. These 
countries can be locomotives only to the degree 
that they are willing to run trade deficits — and 
they’re noL” 

In contrast to the borrow-and-spend devel- 


opment modd of the 1970s, the emerging na- 
tions of Asia and Latin America are financing 
growth from their own savings or private in- 
vestment from the industrialized nations, then 
running trade surpluses with them and using 
the money to indent capital goods. But they are 
not importing as many consumer baubles, 
which m any case they now can make more 
cheaply than their advanced competitors. 

This puts the UK economy on the inride 
track to export capital goods for the emerging 
countries' infrastructure in industries where it 
has always been a leader — computerized tele- 
phone switching gear, aircraft or earth-moving 
machinery, for example. The market is less 
certain for a variety of goods that would float 
on a generalized wave or prosperity. 

Hence the emergence of the dimon adminis- 
tration’s distinctive UJ3. bade policy, a kind of 
modified mercantilism that seeks to open mar- 
kets where America has a comparative advan- 
tage, whether in Hollywood movies or McDon- 
ald’s hamburgers, rather than a general policy 
of free trade pursued for its own sake and that 
of worldwide expansion. 

In that sense, U.S. trade policy has moved 
closer to most other countries. For a Democrat- 
ic administration, however, it still poses a di- 


lemma because many of the bhie-coDar jobs 
that the Democrats’ traditional constituencies 
thought were their birthright are no longer 
found in Detroit but in manufacturing plants of 
China or Mexico. 

The principal risk to what economists call the 
consensus forecast is government policy toward 
this f undamental change and the uncertain 
business reactions to it — which never show up 
in the numbers that get factored into econo- 
mists' forecasting equations. Mr. Giordano 
feds that if anything, the risk to his steady 
forecast lies on the upside: “The anhnal spirits 
of business could be unleashed after being 
bottled up for so long." 

If that happens, wined Victor Zamowitz of 
the University of Chicago, chairman of the 
committee that dates American recessions, an 
overexnberant economy could start the Federal 
Reserve worrying seriously enough about a new 
round of inflation to knodc the recovery on the 
h ea d - 

Tf each of the big economies gets its own 
macro policy right and plays by the rales, that’s 
the best anyone can ao to restart the world 
economy,” said Paul Kingman of the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology. “Curing the 
recession in Europe and Japan is not up to us." 


JAPAN: Tokyo Is Opening Bids on Public Works to Foreign Companies 


Continued from Page 1 

true to form by opening the market only after 
extensive gcuaisu, or foreign pressure. 

“We did this on our own,” he said. 

He noted that over the past year and a half or 
so, repeated bid-rigging and bribery scandals 
have aroused considerable political support 
within Japan for overhauling the existing, cor- 
ruption-prone system. 

Under the current system, only contractors 
that are designated by the government may bid 
on public works projects. The Construction 


To aufascribw In Switzerland 
lint call, toll froo, 

155 57 57 


Ministry and contractors have asserted that the 
system is designed to assure high-quality con- 
struction. 

But critics contend that the system encour- 
ages companies to bribe politicians so that they 
will be included among the designated bidders. 
Moreover, critics say, the companies that get on 
the designated list often divide up the work by 
conspiring to rig their bids, adding substantial- 
ly to taxpayer costs. 

Under the new plan, open bidding will begin 
on April 1, though the rales will cover only the 
biggest contracts — central government pro- 
jects valued at the equivalent of 57. 7 milli on or 
more and projects sponsored by public corpo- 
rations valued at $25.7 million or more. 

A point system will be used for rating the 


technical competence of all concerns wishing to 
bid on Japanese projects. The government as- 
sessors will count experience at bufldmg pro- 
jects overseas toward a company’s rating. But 
overseas construction work will not necessarily 
be regarded as equivalent to Japanese construc- 
tion work. 

Even if Washington accepts Tokyo's plan on 
construction bidding, the two sides remain at 
odds on how to improve foreign access in the 
Japanese market for such products as auto 
parts, tdecomnmnication equipment and insur- 
ance. Washington is de manding that goals be 
set for inercaang Japanese imports of foreign 
goods and services, while Tokyo rejects the idea 
as involving excessive government interference 
in the marketplace. 


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Russia Sees Hazard 
In Ukraine Warheads 


COVER-UP J Iran-Contra Report } :: 


By Fred Hiatt 

Washington Pan Service 


- 1 1 v- r i ► 1 1*-. yin \ • (»i ar- 1 1 V J I ' 


meat of an arms treaty brokered by President Ml Clinton last week, 
said Tuesday that nuclear warheads in Ukraine were decaying and 
increasingly dangerous. 

Coiond General Yevgeni Masha, chief of unclear systems in the 
Russian Defense Ministry, warned that Ukrainian storage fadKtks 
were overloaded and that its nuclear weapons were doc being 
properly maintained. He said the danger of an accident in handling 
or transportation was increasing every day. 

“The condition of nudear safety in Ukraine continues to worsen,” 
General Maslin said. 

Ukrainian officials have denied that the nudear weapons on their 
territory pose any immediate danger. They also have accused Rus- 
sians of exaggerating the danger for political purposes. 

Mr. Clin ton was joined by President Boris N.Ydtsin of Russia 
and President Leonid M. Kravchnk of Ukraine in Moscow on Friday 
in signing an accord calling for the withdrawal of nudear weapons 
from Ukraine for disassembly in Rusaa. In return, Russia and the 
United States agreed to pay Ukraine for the warheads and to help 
guarantee the nation’s security. 

The agreement has sparked opposition inside Ukraine where 
some politicians and nationalist leaders want to hold onto the 
weapons. Many Ukrainians believe that Moscow docs not respect 
Ukraine’s independence and view nudear arms as an important 
badge of sovereignty. 

General Maslin said Tuesday that there were about 2,000 nudear 
warheads in Ukraine, including 1,300 for intercon tinent al ballistic 
missil es and more than 600 for air-launched anise irrigates . Uk raine 
has 176 missile silos and about 40 bombas capable of handling 
nudear weapons, he said. 

The general welcomed the statement signed last week and urged 
Ukraine to accede to it quickly. Although the accord allows seven 
years for Ukraine to become nonnuclear. General Maslin said 
Russia could withdraw and disassemble all of its neighbor's war- 
beads within two years. 

General Maslin did not speak of the danger of anndear explosion, 
but he implied that poor maintsiance and handling could cane? a 
conventional explosion that could spread radioactive material over a 
wide area. 


OwtkHifdirom Paqje 1 " 

txas. He was convicted, in 198Sof 
obstructing Congress, destroying 
government documents and ac- 
cepting an illegal gratuity. 

But the convictions were set 
aside on appeal in 1990 after hear- 
ings into whether the jtny was bi- 
ased by Mr. North’s televised testi- 


mony before Congress in 1987. Mr. 
North gave that testimony on ad- 
dition that he be i mpM from 
prosecution for any statements he 
made. Prosecutors were unable to 
prove ;his convictions had not been 
tainted by the txmgressionab testi- 
mony. 

Mr. North is preparing to nmf or 
the U-S. Senate from Virginia. 

Ml Poindexter was convicted of 
lying to Congress and seeking to 
cover up ffie affitir. Hie was sen- 
tenced to six months m prison, but 
the conviction was reversed in 
199L 

These are among the key find- 
ings of Mr. Walsh's 556-pagc re- 
port / . 

• Mr. Reagan “set the stage” for 
illegal activities of his ante. ' He 
ordered In general terms ” 
efforts to aid the contras and au- 
thorized the illegal sale of arm* to 
Iran. 

• The salcof arms to Iran violat- 
ed government policy and may 
have violated the Aims Export 
Control Act 

• Secretary of State George P. 
Shultz, Mr. Weinberger and - Mr. 
Regan wi thheld information that 
would have given Congress a deaf- 
er idea of the scope of the scandal! 

• Contrary 'to his pubEc state- 


mcnts, Mr- Bush, as vice president, ’ 
“was folly aware of the Iran arms . 
sale” andtffarts to raise money for * 
the Nicaraguan rebels from third • 
countries. There was no evidence, ■ 
however, that Mr. Bush broke any * 
laws. . ; 

• Several Reagan administration 
officials systematically wi thheld a • 
large volume of dnemnents rele- .» 
rant to the investigation. Notes 
kept by Mr. Regan, Mr. Shultz and ~ 
Mr. Weinberger during the scandal 
were withheld until late in the in- 
vestigation. 

• Reagan administration offi- 
crakddmeatelydeceiyedtheCmi- 
gress and the public about the tevd 
and extent of official knowledge of 
support for Mr. North’s opera- 
tions. 

• Mr. Meese falsely stated that 
Mr. Reagan did not know about a 
1985 Hawk missile shipment to 
Iran at the. time of the shipment. 
Mr. Walsh ccmadered prosecuting 
Mr. Meese in 1992 fen: making a 
false statement bat concluded that 
thcjMssage of time would make it 
difficult to prove the case. 

The final report states that Pnesi- ’■ 
dent Reagan generally authorized 
both the arms sales and miEtaiy aid 

least acqmesced^to^a^wqi by 
his senior aides. 

But it concluded that there was 
“no credible evidence rt«m Presi- .’ 


§6r 


statute.” 

Mr. Rie^an “set the stage for the 
ul^al activities of others by en- 
couraging and in general terms or- 
dering” military aid to the contras, 
the report said. 



RUBLE: Russian Run on Dollars DEFENSE: Inman Withdraws 


Confirmed from Page 1 

nance minister's post without bet 
ter terms. 

But in a game of cfcichm Ins 
aides said that he had not resigned, 
and that talks might continue over 
his participation in the govern- 
ment. Having just promised Mr. 
Clinton that his support for Rus- 
sian reforms will intensify. Mr. 
Yeltsin would be embarrassed by 
losing Mr. Fyodorov. 

The reform economist Grigori A. 


Britain to Mint D-Day Coin 

Renan . 

LONDON —The Royal Mint is 
to issue a special coin to commem- 
orate the 50th anniversary in June 
of the World War U D-Day land- 
ing on the Normandy beaches in 
France. A sQver veraon of the 50- 
peaoe (75-cent) coin will sell for 
£23.95 and a gold one for £375. 


Yavlinsky, who has criticized Mr. 
Gaidar but praised Mr. Fyodorov, 
has said be is unlikely to play the 
role of window-dressing for the 
West that Mr. Gaidar clearly tired 
of. A departure of Mr. Fyodorov. 
Mr. Yavlinsky said Tuesday, 
“promises very high inflation in the 
nearest future." 

In another strong indication of a 
changing, postdectkm mood, the 
foreign minister, A&drei Y. Ko- 
zyrev, reportedly told a meeting of 
Russian ambassadors from the for- 
mer Soviet states that it would be 


withdraw completely from the area 
of the former Soviet Union. Al- 
though mflhaiy domination is hot 
in Moscow’s interests*!* said, ?il 
would be dangerous to create a 
vacuum, because it might be filled 
with unfriendly forces.”' 

A balance must be found be- 
tween a frill ntifitan pn a w nce mid 
complete withdrawal, he said, both 
of winch would be “extreme.” 


Coutined from Page 1 

“My family and I have not found it 
possible to focus on (he positive 
and ignore the negative, but rather 
have been drawn to focus an the 
xusfMojndgment distortions of my 
record, my character and reputa- 
tion.” 

Clinton aides offered no riwofl* 
beyond saying that Mr. i™*" felt 
unready to face the hazards ,of - a 
tough Senate inquiry. But Senator 
John S. McCain 3d, Republican of 
Arizona and a member of ihe 


■ Vjltlnlllf?- 


there was no opposition to Ml Id- 
tnat L He said Mr. Inman’ * fears 
bordered on paranoia fUKf cdm- 
pared them to Ross PerofA.con-, 
cents during the 1992 cam paign 
that Republican aides wore nloi- 
ting to Spoil Ms daughter’s wed- 

nnw T 


Some Senate- aides. , -sp eaking 
anonymously, said that one of Mr. 
frnnan s problems was a tempera- 


ment that made hummable to brar 
- the rough and tumble of public life. 
“Witho ut solki bipar tisan sop- 

port from die leadership at the out-' 

set, I bring no medal qualifications 
to the prospective job,” Mr, T h ra™ 
wrotem fas letter to Mr. Clinton. 

At the inews conference, Mr. lib 

man strongly renewed his endotse- 
mati of-lfe presKtenfs views on 
^ defease, saying.that there “was ab~ 

. sototdy no daylighr ; betwe«ihim» ; 
-irif and 'Mr. -Clinton on military 
issttes. The WMte Househas faced 


including homosexuals in the 
armed forces and cots in defense 
- spen&igthmmaDy speciaUsBcbnr- 
, (end are toq.deep. „ 

Mr. Inman attacked what he - 
called ‘Ihe new ftfcCarthyism” in 
. public life in Washington, a .refer- 
race to Ihe 1950s era of Senator 
Joseph McCarthy and Ms strideaL 
campaign to rid the country .of < 
communists. * - 







STAGE /ENTERTA INMENT 


International Herald Tribune 
Wednesday, January 19,1994 
Page 9 


L ONDON — Tie Cantata^ olH&iBy Roche'S new play 
are a barbershop quartet led by a fiftyso ro et h i n g shoemak- 
er and smrotixided by adulteries and infidefibes and the 
weary gnfltof men whose lives bavegone wrong too fan. 
The play (at the Royal-Court) flashes back to a happier and more 
innocent time or romantic meetings, -but its conchtaons are bleak 
enough. 

Roche's plays are eiutoboimd, rooted in his native Wexford soil, 
and apparently very antobtograpMcaL HererRoche himself appears 


By Sheridan Moriey 

international Herald Tribune 


LONDONIHEATER 


as the pub smger he once was, and “"The Cavalcades” is at once a 
vaode^De and a memory play, redolent with regret and sbaraty 
aware of the bitter contrast between the restieni chirproess of the. 
songs and thelives of Ihesingiers. ...... 1 

True, it takes a wbk for the non- Wexford ear to become attuned 
' to the dialect; especially as thc cast members seem to think they , ate 
plying a studio theater rather than amain stage. But as the. evening 
unfolds. Its panorama of small-town despair, traveling backward 
and forward through time to showus how wedding breakfasts soon 
lwrtiw fim ypil ir it dear that Ttpcbe has found a whole Wprid 

• nr r j Tl J. J.. ri.'. 1 m mw itn with nr 



A Hot Scene in Hamburg 


By John Rockwell 

,VrH York Tima Service 


spend eight weeks in rehearsal. I 1900, but its brightest moments 
need the whole day jusi to be imen- came in the late 'SOs and early '60s 
J w hcn the iniendant was Gustaf 


dam. .Also, I enjoy it" 


H amburg — The hoi 

item right now in the 
German- speaking the- 
ater world is the Deut- 
sches Scbauspielbaus because of 
the arrival this season of Frank 
ft flnmhaiigr as its new attendant. 

Baumbauer, 48, comes from Mu- 
nich and got started there and in 
Dflsseldoif as a stage director. 


<3 vi'*. 


Theoretically. the company has 

40 actors, but by the tone Baum- , ’ his d^uiirc role, flriur- 


bauer arrived, that had eroded to 
fewer than 25. He kept 10 of those, 
brought eight actors from Basel 
(along with five artistic and techni- 
cal people) and hired 22 actors who 
wished to work with him. 

The result has been a troupe that 
"has already proven itself spectaru- 

I TTmIm " 


jL'uaaciuuiA tu u uuvmw*. UlU onvour 

From 1983 to 1986 be was imen- lar competition for the Thalia,'' the 
dam at the Bavarian State Theater Schauspielhaus’ s main Hamburg ri- 


in Munich and, after a year in 
Stuttgart, served from 1988 to 1993 
as director of the Basel Theater in 
Switzerland, where he was in 
charge of the entire theatrical oper- 
ation, including opera and dance. 


val, said the monthly Prinz. Ham- 


istophelcs his signaiurc role, flour- 
ished during the Nazi era, and 
become the subject of Klaus 
Mann 's novel and Istvan Szabo’s 
f ilm , “Mepbisto." Grimdgen's 1957 
production of “Faust" was so fam- 
ous that the Schauspielhaus had 
□ever dared to present another. 

Baumbauer solved that problem, 
at least partly, by bringing Chris- 
toph Manhaler from Zurich to di- 


Baumbauer introduced hew works under three hours, Martnaier com- 
by leading German playwrights, de- P^fd key scenK from both parts 
Xeda provoiu^ Jrifi of crfGocihos n^ y.addgg smp- 


LULU uiuuumg uyviu huv m w - — _ 

His arrival in Hamburg, and the small-space and late-night experi- 
my of premieres he presented menial pieces, offered the first Ger- 


*Tensile Involvement” by the Nikolais and Murray Louis Dance company. 


J*qaei Motto 


The Legacy of Nikolais 


in Wexford. These are dearly the people he grew up with, or 
extensions thereof, and their lives have been suffocated by the 

cwnmunhy where they have, often unfathomaMy,dipsen to remain. 

This is not a play that is driven by any real sense of drama. Tony 
Doyle Aiding O’Sullivan are powerful in central roles, but thor 
characters are .still in. search of a plot; “The.Cavalcadera'* is all 


By David Stevens 

Internet! ana! Herald Tribune 


p rimar y connection with tire mod- her status as one of the Paris corn- 
era dance world was through pan/s most brilliant and wide- 
Hanya Holm and other exponents ranging performers. 

. « r~. : : l, _ 


memory and no play. 
Revue dosed m the 


Revue dosed m the London theater with (becoming of Beyond 
the Fringe," circa I960. Indeed, it is. now so dead that a whole 
generation of post-“Fringe” theatergoers merely takes the word as a 
misspelling for “review,” and assumes'it has something to do with 
criticism or retrospective reflection. But revue had a- long and 
honorable tradition from the Andrt Chariot shows of the eariy 1920s 
across 30 years to the wfaedchair^andHpiano stool doable of Flanders 
and Swann.. 

It is »bat tradition, of the urbane singer- naira tor and the reclusive 
pianist, that is revived at the Vandevme by Et and tire Widow in 
their “Jammy Sale.” Kit Hesketh-Harvey is the apparent leader of 

.i « _ . - •-» — - - PAmMihpnk Nnfl 


P ARIS — Alwm Nikolais, 
who died last May at age 
82, invented and was vir- 
tually the sole artisan of a 
unique fonn of choreographed to- 
tal theater. He and his Nikolais 
Dance Theatre were for about four 
drearies both part of, yet wdl out- 
side, tire mainstream of American 

modern Han 

He fid not become a dancer until 
he was an adult, and after having 
already become deeply involved in 
theater in many other forms in ado- 
lescence. 


of German Expressionism. He took 

what he wanted and invented the ^ ol ^ ]»„« of the musical means S22 minion, for an overall 
rest- world’s debt to Mstislav Rostro- budget of S24 million, the differ- 

The two programs just seen at ^ jjj at rinca the beginning ence made up mostly by the box 

the Palais Gamier in homage to ^ jjj g ^ rrfT ^ a cellist be has office. In addition, Baumbauer 
Nikolais concentrated on me early jn<rti garni- or inspiration won a budgetary increase that en- 


flnrry of premieres he presealed 
throughout tire fall, has been big 
news in Germany, with articles in 
the national mazarines and news- 
papers as wdl as in most of the 
major local papers. Baumbauer 
was seriously wooed by at least two 
other German cities before decid- 
ing on Hamburg, and be won con- 
cessions tHai bucked the prevailing 
budget-cutting trend. 

What he got. he said, was a 
restoration of the dor’s subsidy to 
the level it had enjoyed in the late 
1980s, adjusted for inflation. That 
means S22 mill in n, for an overall 


man production of the first part of 
Tony Kushner's “Angels in Ameri- 
ca," and broughL in Leander Hauss- 
mann , the new young star among 
Goman stage directors, for Shake- 
speare's “Troihis and Cressida." 

Although attendance, at 87 per- 


peis of 19th-century German mu- 
sic, bits of other texts, and allusions 
to Christopher Marlowe and 
Thomas Mann. 


A 


LL of this activity is 
part of Baumbauer’s 
plan to emphasize the 
company’s image, build 


/YIUIUUKU fllltuiLUim a\ v* - — — . - - . 

cent, has been strong, Baumbauer its .audience and X" 

concedes that some of the interest ration before new- bodgeiw wlut- 


may be simple curiosity. Critical 
response to the most prominent 
productions has been mixed. “An- 

1. A Mn^nn 11 QttrarlA/1 rAACtfla 


LllivM 1--VJ D / 

ding, already being discussed, can 
take effect. 


“The idea is to give people some- 


piuuuuiutu iwra UVAU uuavv- - ^ 1 uc 1UU1 U yvw 

gds in America" attracted conrid- dung they can't get on TV," he 
erable attention, and Baumbauer’s said, ‘i Want for the time bong to 


(LLIUIUUU* HUM - - vim. I worn IVS ***"- “•“'D — 

of entrusting it to Werner present everything within this Lhe- 
Sduoeter, who has the most flam- ale r, and not elsewhere in the city. 


we rouua vnuiura w " of his career as a cellist ne nas otlice. in aaaiaon, oaumuaucr 

Nikolais concentrated on the early been instigator or inspiration won a budgetary increase that eu- 
pieces, presented by the Nikolais a jg—g num ber of works for the abled him to hire sevei more tech- 
and Murray Louis Dance compa- j^nunent, be ginning with Pro- nidans and spend 55 million for 
ny, the am a lg a m of Nikolais’s own Shostakovich and in- backstage improvements. 


JUiiUblvIf WUV UUJ M1V mmw -— | j|gj | mill UUl w Ui V 

boyantiy operatic, overtly homo- if we can get a profile in one or two 
sexual sensibility among German years, then we can go out. What we 
stage directors, seemed a good one. ^ uymg to do is give the Schau- 
spielhaus visibility again." 


The Schauspielluius was built in 


ny, the am a lg a m of Nikolais s own Shostakovich and in- backstage improvements, 

troupe and that of Ms longtime eluding Britten, Boulez and Lutos- “Peofrte have lost faith in 
companion in life and art lawskL Mg theaters,” he said. “What 1 

Two excerpts from “Masks, p/jth ^ Orchestic de Paris he am trying to bring here is the belief 
Props etc.” — “Noumenon” and ^ ^ world premiere of that rare can run a theater of this size 

“Tensile Involvement" — stiD have Hmri n urinwrc 'c “Tout un monde efficiently and effectively.” 
tbe body hidden in flexible fabric, and ihc French premiere The Deutsches Schauspielhaus. 


loinUiin" and the French premiere The Deutsches Schauspielhaus, 

.(V JunkTr mnrortn Mirth 1 XVI CMIC ftw. IwTOMt ThfMTCT 


AMSIBOUkM 


PAHS 6 th 


JaCKSOO snoppmg oag.j mc niuuw - — 

out a decade ago as the dumb ptano-pMying partner but has now, 
like all |ood^stoogc&, came out to perform center stage while ms 

of 

“Conservatives servmg and. unswonm^v jueservmg, / Tul (tee's 
nothing wt^ ccmsemng to preserve, Thqr also ooane tq) vmn a 
sawae attadt on Andrew .Lloyd Webber musicals and a roddmhr 

. . • i .i tnr «1m uirtimi nr AIDS 


sbi1u .m The City Curii — 

puppeteer. He is reanembered now presents recognizable humans, ai- gdmittke’s second concerto for od- stay within budget (especially after 
as the conceiver, director, cnoreog- bdt enclosed in strangely shared i^ jbe five-movement work is hid it began to be whittled away in the 
rapher, composer (mostly via tape costumes, and it is nor hard to see ^ inconstant tension between the late Ws) or to maintain excellence 
and electronics), and set, costume in it a commentary on different ^ j mtr , ltnw1 | and the sometimes throughout the repertory. 


BRASSERIE DE ROODE IEEUW 

* 


YUGARAJ 




beart-storpug, heartbreakmg lament for *h® victims at 
(■Ti^ht a ToidO- ' . ^ __1_ 


LUpuV*i V * - — * j... UlU U1 kUUdUUU IMIOIUU lArtmwwn — 

and electronics), and set, costume m it a commentary on amerent ^ and the sometimes throughout the repertory, 

and fighting designer for a series at levels of an organized urban soo- violent orchestra. By all accounts what distin- 

theater pieces sometimes called ab- ety. . cahninating in the imposing passa- guished Baumbauer’s Basel tenure 

street, although the word has to be “Tent” (1968) begins with a ^pHa /if th«- final movemenL was Ms ability to create an ensemble 

1 ji .4 mUi, mm nvrmn wnivniniiv rsisinii A tent . m — , ^ 4, Mm ^itit that attracted some of the 


DonwAWM Aimfcfdom 
OMOMM. DUTCH CUSME 
luncH/Dmnar. pen 12 noofi-10p.ra 
W.: (20) 5550666 J mojot cx. oco^ad. 


MOST* 


THOUMOEUX 


Specidibtts ol SoollvWwI. ConFil do 
^oouid & canodal ou axil d# ranad. Ak 


l LIRE l a 1U U1 J. , , _ .. 

UrfaahionaWe, politically incorrect and wonderfuBy reactionary 
in most other respect* Et and the.^dqw are a stylish start to ’W. 


E MPTYSPACEis on immensely versatile touring company 
(one of the few-left, in fact) that specializes m a aemir 
journalistic series of historical discoveries. A yearagous 
“Curse of the Pharaohs" was a triumphsart smaj-scate 
Bichaedoflsad treat about th&1920s raxnina of Egyptian to mbs, by 
in Heanor ZeaL’s “BUeakmg the Barf” at tire Lj«c i&mmmtetii 
thev have, ala* came ^agamstTondi more intractable iteenaL , 
is lie story of John Law, who 

staged^ a rmrriaturc“^idStrecr docantnap- . 

The central probkm here is a frantic mdtaX-U 
central action. The principal conceit of Eleanor 
Law was the first ram to pul mooey <mto 

onto coins, though tins is debatable^ am* the RraaaiB were by r» 
means uuacquairtted wlh the notion of 


XIKSUCa |ilvwra ouuiwuia— j 

stiacL ahhoa^} the word has to be 
handled with care. 

Nikolais began coming to Eu- 
rope around 1960, and regularly 
since 1968, the year he won the 
grand prize at the Paris Dance 
Festival. When the French estab- 
lished a national choreographic 
oenter at Angers in the late 70s, 

i - 1*. e__ tr. 


group exuberantly raising a tent M Shostakovich, it is easy spirit that attracted some of tbe 
and ends with the dancers being see ih this work a musical expres- brightest lights among Germany’s 

engulfed by their environment , Ab- Q f ^ ^juggle of a dissident roving playwrights and directors, 

street they may he. but there is an ar^st under Soviet restrictions. All And as a fuQ-time administrator, _he 
emotional content to be discovered ^ morc M ginfg the composer was able to devote Ms full attention 
anywrqr. says the theme of the final move- to running the company. 

One program also included what comes from music composed “Honestly, it depends on the per- 

can be thought of as post-Nikolais f OT a film, Hem Klimov’s “Agony," sanality," be said. "Strong persoual- 
— solos choreographed by former ^ g^j weeks of ities like Oaus Feymann m Vienna, 

Nikolais dancers 3nd performed by hefare the lane xtieht that Jtbgpn Rimm at the^ Thalia, or Diet- 


Nikolais wasrts first director. IBs — solos cboreographedby ftram: 
niace in the French dance scene Nikolais dancers and performed by 

‘ « a n i/ 1 • 1 Dnlldi rnlirtC 


was secured when. Rdf Liebcr- 

mmn commissioned a full-eve- Murray loujs's ”w* 9> the history 

mngwork, “Schfana," for the Par- originally danced by Louis Min- 
is Opka. Indeed, Ms final resting sdf, is a brilliant and sometimes 

place is to be Pfcre Lachaise ceme- Mlarious exerase m the mdepm- 
toy in Paris. - dent functioning of a dancers 

In Nikolais’s earliest pieces, the limbs and muscles. Patrick Dn- 
humah body was rarely seen, let pond pofOTmed it spleudidly. al- 
atoM in any emotionaity charged though with more self-absoipbon 
way They had titles like “Masks, and less iromc detachment than 
Props and Mobiles" (1953) and Lotus did. 

“Kaleidoscope” (1956), and while Ttont 
nmoy viewers found them interest- hour tour de force dioreogr^hcd 
- _ _ it miuiiwr Hv raTfihm Carlson tor Manfi- 


HAESJE CLAES 

Rad Dutch Cooirinq. Open fcwu lunch until 
midnk Spublrool 275. 

Ti;S4 99 98. Rawmaiom ro ju wmwhid 

AI nofot creAcordi. 


.concra a caaama imi m*-.. — 
taw bM&fcs Turrmid 


PAHS ISth 


PAHS I*f 


l£ TOfTDE PARIS 


CARR'S 


BOSH 

RE5IAURANT BAB 


_ ; _ f. - 1UQMC “"’fa — ' — — a — — — . , , , 

Pans Opera Ballet solists. w reigned for more than 70 years m ex Dorn m Munich can bmld good 
Murray Louis’s “D6j4 Vu, theMstiny of this country.” t<*n« around them and afford to 


Frandh/lmh cufere. Wcokond bnmdi7JJ • 
Opon777. W PAHS, CARTS BAR jSMBW. 
\7n* dii MortThdjw. T«L: £2M 60-26 


Dome w«y Nrfl 

ijcritia al 8 p.mw«i {jcnfronoTO: 

ip^c^iei aid M muuc ol It 
TCffDEPARBon i» lOMocr 
feohmnaaHJPMbwBwof#i*<% 
mid lie BWTow. 

«jaKtEM)!taci 


tery in Paris. 

to Nikolais’s eaiiiest pieces, the 
human body was rarely seen, let 
alone in any emotionally charged 
way. They had titles tike “Masks, 


arideTwb are never told enough about Law to awaxen any rwi many viewers found mem interest- J ™. I “ 


tnurdereraSLwdl as afinanoal gemns. 




about financial whedingind dealing as is containrfm 
shaky entatannnent that firrishes up with a real deficit 


mg, iney uiwaj uurauuuou wuvmm -- 

dance, • Onide PielragaDa.lt seems to por- 

If these works of the ’50s evoked tray a woman worioug out some 
any comparisons it was more likely severe identity probtens en route 
with Oskar ScMcmmeris Bauhaus to evoitnal hberaUon. It calls on all 


W1IU USKar xhjciuuki a muuuh — ; : . — 

creations or, the early Russian Con- the resources of a virtuoso dancing 
sthictivist experiments. Yet, his actress, and Pietragafla confirmed 


tli at speaks your 
lansuag’c. 


P ARIS Emanud lh>- 
garo took to tbe veils ina 
collectirai that created a* 
distant dream. Ai Bal- 
main, Oscar de la Ren ta’ssbow was 
client-friendly. . Hubert de G i- 
venchy’s pretty show was prcoes- 
trated to perfect time. 

That was symboBt; far the fOurtu 
day of the qumframuner couture 
stowings was all Mxwt timing. — 
not least from the dituts. The two 
grandest entrances of- the day were 
the Bareness £ Porta Nova (m sar 
Ue-trimmed cape), Btnm hhn g mto 
Givenchy as the dead-punctual 
show started, and salxks-aD-over 


The clothes were elegant, niedy 
made and vaguely in tune with 
modem twn« — if by that you 
itibhi serving up Marie Antoinette 
corsets, which came into fashion 
seven years ago via Vivienne 
Westwood to Chanel. For the rest: 
it was a classy cardigan over pale 


o ANTIGUA 

ARGENTINA 

+AUSIWA 

BAHAMAS 

aBARSADn 

■fsasflM 

BHJZE (HtJTRl 

BELIZE [PTT RAY WDNKj 

✓BStMUDA 

BOLIVIA 

BHAZL 

ABRmsH mm sums 

— CANADA 
CHILE 

coLnau-arajsH 

COLON BIA4fWHSH 
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£o«eted cheat, swe e p i ng lat e mto 
Ungaro’s sfaovras the awed crowd 

parted tike the Red Sea. _ 

Timing is everything in f “M ot. 
Last s^m, when he tiquefied his . 

firm sahouette, <*»&* a 

fasbl«i motnenL Tbs season was 
more of not-qmtc^ran^ For 

the buttexfly-w^ chiffons fly- 
ing over tbe body, the ftoatog 
coats, languorous tmna ai» son 

pants -—decorated with 'some .of . 
d* most bcwtiM : 

Paris —seemed to baric back to toe . 

eariy decades of tMsxeonny jto ; 
Paul Praret created Thousaad and 
One Nights exotica. ... „ ■ 

Fkima oands and hanging tas- 


ss of thfeeentmy wite . ... ........ .. — 

^ Thomaod -and goM-p attemed dress and embroidered jacket. 


the tipple effect of changing fash- 
ion — not least because ruffles 
trickled around wrists, flowed 
across necklines and fell in a blade 
organza cascade to make a tiered 
evening dress. 

This softness lapped at Gi- 
venchy’s signature silhouette: 
white frilled caffs on a navy Mouse 
worn with pants: ruffles edging a 
suit that was already broken up by 
maVfng the jacket in one color and 
pants another. 

But would Givenchy give in to 
tbe Hood of ugliness ana disharmo- 
ny sweeping over farinoo? Never! 
Let other designers turn mis- 
• *— — — — TYintrhari prints and clumpy foot- 
er and embroidered jacket. into an art form. Givendiy 

showed dainty flowered shorn that 

Rriiwmi couture show was played went with pretty topresriomst 
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clien t already 


temjal couture last summer. 

the nice sum- The show — all powdep-bte 


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Once *chaute couture got going, 
.lwMiri-iad. inexorably to 


"■ ‘ .._ nsnal sodafite aspects from Nan 
io^ toe ; Keiqpner through . Princess Ghis- 


low-and-wMte evening dress y ' was 
frminine, clcgunl and reassunng. 

“Isn’t it normal to want to makx 


nuiU| U» . REimnm uuuuau iuiiMM " — « . 

mimstof. uiZ-A* Pdignac sat front row. 

bcekGuy -And naybetoey have ream intorir even prettier than they tomk toej 
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see a derigte realize s dream.” wbh pale hose and shoes and a Jus 


are?” Givendiy inquired after the 

show. , 

Just sometimes, in the crazy cua 




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S HI ^ V*^ ;^S 

International Herald Tribune, Wednesday, January 19, 1994 



Page 11 



THE TRIB INDEX: 113.08 H 

' rtBiaW Tribune World Stock Index ©, composed of 

MO JrrtemaBonaHy tnvestable stocks from 25 countries, compiled 

by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1, 1992 =t0tt " 

■ 120 — — ; — ; s 


Poorer Countries: A Rich Market? J ^ Says Cuts 

Mideast and Africa Now Lure Adventurous Investors Are the Price 

. . By Erik Ipsen able to unload the stuff at 10 cents on tbe look at the fundamentals and not the flow of a ™ ~ 

haenedo ua t Htndd Tribute dollar. This year, it is going for 34 cents on funds, you will miss half of what tbe market is m ll. H M. _ . bfc T ^ * . f .... I 

- . LONDON — After posting double-digit the dollar, haring soared S cents last week about, 1 ' said Nigs! Melville, a director at V W 1 I MIITwI Vrt I 

and men trinV^fem arm* f n 10OT mmt. aJmft Rarinp International Finance w * M- ▼ ▼ 1 I» B 


'■» -J • «• 



* r > 

• *: ^ 

World Index 


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AptK weighing: 37% 
CkOC 11172 Me 11475 



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1994 

| North America 


Latin America 


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Ctee: 0839 Pravj 98,17 

- £1 

Ctaso; tJLSBPbw: 43435 ' 



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* . . "J 



By Erik Ipsen 

International Htndd Tribune 
■ LONDON — After posting double-digit 
and even triple-digit gams in 1993, invest- 
ments in the world’s so-called emerging mar- 
ket are still roaring at mad this year, and their 
frontier is being poshed stiS farther from the 
world’s financial capitals, 

“The posh is on for ever more esoteric 
investments,” Steven Bates, director of Flem- 
ings Investment Management in London, 
sard. . 

If, as most accounts have it, stocks in 
Thailand and Malaysia got a bit ahead of 
themselves last year, how about Eastern Eu- 
rope, or the Middle East? The Palestine Lib- 
eration Organization and Israel may still have 
a lot of differences to iron out, bit interna- 
tional investors have already dedared lasting 
peaces fait accomplim the region and rushed 
m with, money to spend. 

“Jordan is an incredible play right now,” 
insisted Daniel Smaller, an executive director 
at Lehman Brothers’ emerging-markets unit 
in London. He predicted the market would 
double — when wnrf if the wnimf ^ against 
Iraq, traditionally Jordan’s largest trading 
partner, is lifted. 

Trading in debt of the emer ging markets 
has taken a smflaxly exotic turn, with prices 
of foreign loans of Argentina and Mexico 
having moved up to the point where there is 
little room left for further appreciation. 

- “We call them emer g in g markets fixed- 
income products,” tme l/mrion fund manag- 
er said. “It is a mouthful, but it sounds a lot 
better than saying Third World debt’" 

Early last year, holders of the old foreign- 
bank debt of Ivory Coast were lucky to be 


able to unload tbe stuff at 10 cents on tbe 
dollar. This year, it is going for 34 cents on 
the dollar, faring soared 8 cents last week 
alone. 

“Assets that last year you could not move 
for love or money are this year’s vogue,” said 
Howard SneO, director of emerging markets 
at Swiss Bank Corp. in London, citing debt of 
Sudan and Nicaragua as well a$ Ivory Coast. 

He said arch debt was popular whether the 

'Assets that last year yon 
could not move for love or 
money are this year's 
vogue. 1 

Howard Snell, director of 

ympyng mnrtntn pt S wim Rani- 

Corp. in London 

countries have any known means or plans to 
pay off their debts or not. 

In the heady if not always logical world of 
emerging- markets investing, last year’s un- 
touchables have become this year’s under- 
valued icons. In 1993 an estimated SI trillion 
of emerging-market debt changed bands in a 
market centered on London and New York. 
ThLyrear, many people expect that figure to 

The story is as much one of money suppos- 
edly trying, in the popular phrase of tbe 
moment, “to find a home,” as it is a bet on tbe 
companies or economies involved. “If you 


look at the fundamentals and not the flow of 
funds, you will miss half of what the market is 
about,” said Nigel Melville, a director at 
Baring International Finance. 

Simply pat. slow growth and low inflation 
in the developed world mean that returns 
there are puny in comparison to tbe vibrant 
emerging-market economies. If tbe Mexican 
or Turkish stock markets look a bit expensive 
now, so do those of America or Germany. But 
the first two at least are underpinned by 
relatively rapidly growing economies. 

Tbe problem is that the emerging markets 
are also inherently riskier, more volatile and 
harder to get out of when times get tough. 
That problem is exacerbated by investors’ 
latest thrust into cver-smaller and seemingly 
cheaper markets in search of increasingly 
scarce triple-digit returns. 

“There is a hosepipe of international li- 
quidity focused on these markets,” said Mr. 
Bates of Flemings. “They are not being driv- 
en by the same investment logic that holds in 
other markets.” 

One of the underpinnings of the emer gi ng, 
market phenomenon is that tbe market has 
now taken its place as a separate so-called 
asset class, which means that large institu- 
tions intern on having diversified portfolios 
will find it indispensable to hold some emerg- 
ing-market debt and equity. And even a tiny 
slice of some of the biggest institutional funds 
represents a huge amount of money. 

Others insist that for all the immense gains 
run up in emerging markets in recent months. 

See DEBT, Page 13 




A S O N 
WbridMnx' 


D J A S O N 
1994 . IMS-.. 


Chrysler Profit Exceeds Expectations 


The Index trucks UJS. dollar values a! stacks 4r Tofcfft Now .Yoric, London, and 
Argotidrm, Aimntie. Amtrio. Mflfua Brad, Canada, CMo, Dmmwft, Rntaod, 
Franco. Gammy, Hong Kong. JWy, Marin, nMmtmarie, No* Zealand, Norway, 
Stnppora, Spate. Saadan, SHttaartand and Vananla. For TOkyo, No* York end 
London dtotodmla aorpmaifct the at) toptomm to tottra of mariat capHatzokn. 
otoorwbe too tan top stockoara tracked 


Industrial Sectors 


Bnargy -11247 1 12.07 4&36 .. Capftd Goods 112-33 112.15 40.70 

IMWt- 121.46 12k7S-.-Q2S ~ Haylblwljfc 138.36 11799 40-33 

ttom* 115,41 11439 --tfjfl- ComwmrGBwIi tOPJ6 9992 40.44 

SBnfcri 12076 12021 40.46 ■WauBamm- -.136.78 13MB +1.38 . 


For more IntonnaBon about the Max. a booklet la amkaUefree-ofchatge. _ . 
VWfla to Trib Max. 191 As/muo Chutes da Gndo, 92S21 Notify Codex, Ranee. 


CmMtn ad o ori Herald Titome 


Bloo mb erg Business News 

HIGHLAND PARK, Michigan 
— Chrysler Corp. said Tuesday 
that a 14 percent gain in sales and 
sharp drop in marketing costs 
boosted fou rth-q uarter net income 
to a record 5777 miHy™ The car- 
maker ended 1993 with record full- 
year profit of 52.4 billion — its best 
in history and almost five time* 
1992 levels. 

Chryster’s latest quarterly earn- 
ing of S2.l l a share rose shaipiy 
from the 5356 jmffiao, or 51.12 a 
share, earned in the final quarter of 
1992. Worldwide fourth-quarter 
revenue rose 18 percent, to a record 
512 tanka from 510.2 billion. 


1 , * si,.—. • m. 


. F 




Lost in Multimedia Land 


By Richard .Cwiiigta 

. . Special to the Herald Tribune 

G ANNES — Coating soon on a screen 
near yon — pued people, MscbeZhfozr* 
mike, and instant access to every art 
wtakm the Ixovr^ jto a video friend 
to make your viewing diQjce f ar you. . 

- With computer amors flying, the first interna- 
tional fltasbited book and new media pubfishmg 
pnnkne Mflia, got under way last, weekend in 
Harma s with 3300 participants from 40 countries 
fibddngto flKRfilaisdesCdngrisfct a window an 
tbe future of multimedia. It u a bnsmess whose 
raactitioncrs say is expected to approach $3 trD- 
lion in annual sales by the cod of Ac ntiflcnhim. 

Peter Gabrid, the rock and video star, said that 
“peopta most have feh the same sort of excitement 

at the birth of radio, tderiahm and the doana.” 
Mr. Gabrid was on hand Sunday night to naval & 
collaboration with Apple Computer Ihc. in CD- 
ROM, or visual compact- didc?. “The Explarer ” 
Mr. Gabrid’s musvetife disk; allows viewera the 
o p portu ni ty to 'piece together* jam session (2' 
digitized performance dips of various musicians 
and bear the .results immediately. - 
Traditional publishers did then- best to prove 
that reports of the death of (be bod: have- been 


tabl e than a Pbwerbook and jnst as interactive,” 
dedared Pierre Marchand, dntf tsaative of Gal- 
limard’s children’s bode dtrishm, as he puQed a 


should not be threatened by tins 
new me^ beanre vrimt wa are usirm are sumtiy 
new versons of the book,** countered John Haw- 
kins, prtsidenl of Dutch-based Phffips bitaactiye 

all pascmal compatassold last 


ye» equipped with CD-ROM drives and a total of 
45 flumps predicted by 1996, ibexeis some cause to 
titink that CD-ROM or Philips CD-I players wi H 
tenmtcvm the most loyal readers of bods. Thai is 
particulariy the case since die coat for the disks has 
dropped to the 550 rangp. 

SmjfrGiahiL Apple rice president for new me- 
dia, tmew down tire gnmllct m a corf comparison 
between the book and CD-ROM versions of the 
photographer Rick SmoJan’s “From Alice to 
Obean,^ ? reconming a camel trek across tbe Austra- 
lian cutback “The book costs $10 to produce," 
Mr. Chahil said, “and the CD-ROM costs $1. The 
book, contains 100 photos; the CD has 300. The 
bode takes weeks or mare to reproduce; yon can 
have* copy of the <35 in eight urinates.” 

- In adOTion, the CD allows the viewer to call im a 
postcard-sized video insert of the photographer 
d&HDttting on how he diot Iris pictures. (That, by 

. the wot, is a pixel person ~ a film image trans- 
formed into tiny video dots for computer presenta- 
tkm.) ... 

Despite Mr. GhaiuTs comparistHi, devdopment 
_ of CD-ROM tides does not come cheap; costs range 
from 5300^00 to 51 ntilBon per creation. Accordin| 
. to Michael- Backes, screenwriter on “Riring Son 
md multimedia en tre pr eneur; in coming years imfi- 

- vidnal games wilFcost op to SlO ntiEco to devdop 

- pro3ucets can afford sndi sums because of the 
promise of enormous renames. 

"One single game -— *Streetfighter IT — made 
51 J bUbouast year,” Mr. Backes said. “Nothing, 
not even ‘Jurassic Park,’ touched that success in 
theCTtertammait busmess.” 

Alro at the Nfifia market, the Vpya^ conmany 
de m onstr a ted an interactive wson of Macbeth 
dial atiowed viewers to record themselves playing 

- ■ ■; See MEDIA, Page 14 


The latest results exceeded even 
the most optimistic forecasts % 
Wall Street analysts. Chrysler was 
expected to earn between! 11.15 and 
52.85 a share far the quarter. 
Chiysler stock jumped 87 J cents to 
dose at 562.625 a share, and was 
one of the most active UX issues. 

“It’s another Cremendous quarter 
for them,” said JefT Schappe, an 
auto analyst with Conseco Capital 
Management in Indianapolis. 

Mr. Schappe that Chrysler’s 
next step is to increase its European 
exposure, although it has been its 
absence from tbe weak European 
market that strengthened the No. 3 


Paramount 
Weighs New 
Viacom Bid 


Compiled by Otr Sufi From Ddpadta 

NEW YORK — Paramount 
Communications Inc. said Tuesday 
its board would meet this week to 
consider a revised takeover offer 
from Viacom Inc. 

Viacom said earlier in the day it 
had raised its bid for Paramount, 
increasing the cash portion of its 
offer for 50.1 percent of the movie 
and entertainment company to 
$107 a share from $105. 

Viacom said it also had made it 
more Ekdy that the Viacom Class 
B stock bemg offered for the rest of 
Paramount weald be worth at least 
$48 a share by issuing “contingent 
value rights." 

It said its increased' tad was 
worth 5103 bflhoo, representing an 
increase of more than 5800 ntiluon 
from its latest bid, made Jan. 7. It 
said the cash demat was 5120 mD- 
Kon larger than it was before. 

Viacom, an entertainment and 
communications company, said its 
bid included $900 trillion more in 
cash than tbe rival bid being of- 
fered by QVC Network Inc. 

Traders and analysts said the 
new cash-and-stock offer was 
worth as modi as 58330 a share. 
While that was lower than their 
assessment of QVCs offer — about 
584.60 a share — the Viacom bid 
fnnUmtre more ca<ih and guarantees 
a n ti nrmmn value for hs stock. 

(AFX, Bloomberg. Reusers) 


U.S. automaker’s overall opera- 
tions last year. 

“In the long run, European expo- 
sure is necessary,” Mr. Schappe 
said. “They also can’t make any mis- 

Last year’s fourth quarter was 
good to American banks. Page 12. 

takes in the product area. They have 
been scoring one hit in each major 
segment of the market, but 1 don't 
think the Street is convinced that 
they have the product depth yet” 
“They couldn't ask for a better 
scenario,” Nicholas Lobaccaro, 
auto analyst with S.G. Warburg & 
Co. in New York, said. “They may 


have 58 billion in tbe bank, a fully 
funded pension plan and its best, 
product lineup in history.” 

Chrysler’s “break-even.” or 
print at which the company covers 
its fixed costs and starts making 
money, fcO to almost 1.6 trillion 
vehicles in 1993, from 1.9 million 
vehicles in 1991, Mr. Valade said. 

Chrysler’s full year results of 52.4 
bdhcD, or 56.77 a share, compare 
with 1992 earning s of $505 million, 
or$l.47a share, both before manda- 
tor bedth care airi retiree account- 
ing changes. Including the no ncash 
charges. Chrysler lost 5235 bfflton. 
crS7.62ashare for 1993. 


By Steven Brull 

International Herald Tribune 

TOKYO — The announcement 
by Japan Air Lines on Tuesday that 
it was cutting its work force and 
slashing capital spending was a 
blunt acknowledgement that it 
could no longer compete against 
leaner carriers in the United States 
and Southeast Asia without major 
changes w its bloated operating 
structure. 

Aiming to stem losses averaging 
nearly $1 million a day, Japan's 
largest international airline said it 
would cut its work force by 5,000, 
or 23 percent, and reduce capital 
spending by nearly half over the 
next four years. 

Eves though international traffic 
from Japan has been rising since 
last autumn, prices for tickets here 
have fall cn as the recession has lead 
many business passengers to opt 
for cheaper seats in the back of the 
plane. International competition, 
meanwhile, is set to intensify with 
the opening of tbe Kansai Interna- 
tional Airport later this year. 

“We have to create a company 
which can survive in the current 
economic environment.” said 
Geoffrey Tudor, a JAL spokesman. 

Under the restructuring plan, 
which JAL hopes will trim operat- 
ing costs by 100 billion yen (S900 
millio n) annuall y and allow the 
company to break even in tbe year 
through March, 1995. staffing will 
be reduced from 22,000 to 17.000. 
Tbe downsizing is far deeper than 
anticipated just one year ago, when 
JAL planned to cut fewer than 
1,000 over the same period. The 
methods, however, are unchanged: 
cuts will be achieved chiefly 
through attrition, buyouts and re- 
duced hiring. 

At tbe same time, JAL will uy to 


crews based in Thailand and Ha- 
waii that receive AO percent less 
pay. JAL hopes to transfer as much 
as 20 percent of its international 
traffic to JAC. In November, the 
company said foreign staff, now 7 


percent of the total, would eventu- 
ally comprise 30 percent 

Beginning in 1996. JAL also will 
do some of its mainten ance in Chi- 
na, where it took a 10 percem stake 
in a maintenance center last year. 

The carrier also aims to expand 
its network in tbe highly protected 
domestic market, where fares and 
margins are higher. JAL aims to 
capture one-third of domestic traf- 
fic. which would contribute 40 per- 
cent of its total revenue, compared 
with 30 percent now. 

The airline also plans to trim its 
capital investment by 400 billion 
yen through the 1997 business year. 
Over the period. JAL mil purchase 
28 aircraft, 6 fewer thnn planned 
just one year ago. In addition, the 
fleet will include a greater number 
of small aircraft for short-haul do- 
mestic routes. 

News of the restructuring plan 
helped pushed JAL stock up by 10 
yen to 640 on Tuesday. 

Industry analysts were divided 
on whether the restructuring could 
bring JAL back to profit. The air- 
line forecasts a parent pretax loss 
of 30 billion yen for the business 
year ending March 31, which 
would be its third straight year of 
defiriL 

“Tins is enough to help them into 
the black next year.” Robert Row- 
land, an airline analyst at Barclays 
de Zoete Wedd, told Bloomberg 
Business News. “It's not a certain- 
ty, but they have a fighting 
chance." 

■ TAP Accepts Bailout Plan 

The beleaguered Portuguese na- 
tional airline TAP has accepted a 
government restructuring proposal 
that would inject 180 billion escu- 
dos fSl billion; into tbe debt-rid- 
den company as part of a restruc- 
turing plan. The Associated Press 
reported from Lisbon. 

Under the plan, the government 
would assume the flag carrier’s 
debts and would finance predicted 
short-term losses over tbe next 
three years while striving to cut 
operating costs. 

TAP’s current deficit is reported 
to be 130 billion escudos. 


Banking Clients Have Always Expected 
Outstanding Personal Service. 
Today They Find It With Us. 




mm 

K 3 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


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Atteaentom. London ^ VorkondZloK* BOrm Tonne 

r ?Tn^e ooondi t- Tatur ontdoBor; •: uamarmr KO^ aot mromOr MAj n* 
moaotaa. . : 

«” h « Doa " w SlSJ? Pari- cumnor. • ' Pwl Dmn e t . nies 

CHTwev ; - rots asw www . ***- ■ ***■."■* . uu 

ATMOLPM asm' 7J2S XWW1 UW ~n.KBr.SM . BUS 

AedrOLS .TJBBri namu.Urtm- TS2W -- Hlr«.lBW» ' ISIS. S V MLXf M BI. _4J»; 

Xnwi sat nrn.mm am Totems : 3tM 

MrilG ro. sown MMiMr 2tS7 .as St 

emuaenm SOO . . axm portouaxio itsja lMkMn : TML 

OaditanM »» .TZi-rt, ate vRw-raMB W54» lUUdfetMi UR 
SZwawr tar .. soMarffM vx ;•:**» ww. wso 

asar« ™..«* . .. 


V Dteposlts 




Jan. IS 

O-Mar* 

Swiss 

Franc 

5tcrUNB 

Frsflch 

Franc 

Ytfl 

ECU 

44ft 

4 Kr4ft 

Sft-Sft 

4Mr4ft 

2 ft 

AM'ft 

M-5A 

34W4M. 

jHrfru 

Ht JlA. • 

THrSft 

4 ft-4 ft 

5T*5*m 

aiw’ft 

Sft-5ft 

5*b6V* 

1 K%rOft 

«Vw4ft 

5ft-5ft 

3V3ft 

5 V5H, 

SMV> 

HM 



Sxrtd' AnteUMSMt. 

Botos mv OeeatalaMartctikitioosltsofninmionMtoliiMm rersquhaMA 


Kay Mo usy Mn 

UnttMt States 


Ounwneo. Vers 
IttlM. MH 
Xkbt.mm . BVLia 
smliim .asm 
TriMt . Uja 
.riHiMe. .ass 
Twtdtaara isua. 
uimm tte 
. V wto BBW f . WSO 


Unttae Slater Close 

omntiM iflO 

Artel * rate- &JQ0 

Faesratteads 3 T» 

XimNICDi 2J6 

-CBBinLKMritedan ' . Ui 

J-moott Trao»eor OBJ 734 

twrltwanH IX 

MnarTraasary safe 409 

3-rcar Tmwry note 5 M 

7-mrT nasero note . SS 

W yu ar Tf i o i i i ncte ' 5J9 

M | W T * mi J > tMM - Uk 

MWftDLyMfeSMBy Roadvamr 2J4 


ennr 
l-mMfti MstDook 


*4neMh InMrtiaak' - 
M w On iwrnii ml buuil 


1« IV 
TA VU 
216 » 
Mk 2 K 
I 14 
322 


MB 440 
5ft Sft 
5ft 5K 
5S 5ft 
5 ft 5ft 
425 634 


Intarranllan rate 420 620 

CoS masnr Oft Oft 

hmoete Mxnonn Oft ift 

hMMMmMk Oft Oft 

I mUH I rtttrtHM fc 5ft Sft 

N-VMrOAT 544 541 

Source i: Reuters, stoomoerg. merriu 
Lynn, Ban t of Tokyo. Commerzbank. 
Gnetmoii Mantaou, Crtsttt LremaU. 


AM. PM. CkftB 








D uring the Renaissance, 
trusted advisors helped 
administer the finances 
and protect the interests of private 
individuals. The role demanded 
judgment, commitment and skill. 

Today, clients find that same 
personal service at Republic 
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banking is more about people 
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shared values and common goals 
that forge strong bonds between 


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private banking. As a subsidiary of 
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an affiliate of Republic New York 
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group with more than US$4 bil- 
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in assets- These assets continue 


to grow substantially, a testament 
to the groups strong balance 
sheets, risk-averse orientation and 
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All banks in the group are 
locally managed, attuned to 
the language and culture of their 
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have been and always will be. 


REPUBLIC NATIONAL BANK 
OF NEW YORK (SUISSE ) SA 


ASVlMBAMi 

Timeless Values. Traditional Strength. 


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JAKARTA - SINGAPORE ■ TAIPEI * TOKYO 





Earnings Reports 
Lift Broad Market 


Vb Auociafad Pmi 




- V- 


Bloomberg Business Sevs 

NEW YORK — Stock prices 
gained Tuesday oa the broad mar- 
ket as Chrysler Corp. and leading 
banks reported strong quarterly 
earnings and interest rates fell. 

“People have seen what amounts 


Commodity prices dropped after , 
reaching a three-year nigh Mon- ...w 
day. West Texas Intermediate £5* 


*}&*!£*? s 




to very favorable earnings reports," 
and the bend market hasn't reacted 
negatively to signs of economic 

N.V. Stocks 

strength, said Joseph DeMarco. 
mana gin g director of equity trad- 


crudc oD for delivery next month 
fell 23 cents to 514.87 a band. 

Unexpectedly strong earnings 
from Chrysler, which said fourth- 
quarter net income surged to $2.1 1 
a share from SI. 12 a share a year 
ago, raised expectations that Ford 
Motor Co. and GM would also 
post better-than-expected profits. 

All three U.S. automakers 
reached 52-week highs. Chrysler 
rose % to 62*L Ford added V* to 






* . . :} mm $z : 

'“it;. 


inz at Marin vest, a unit of HSBC and GM gained 1 V4 to 62. 
Asset Management- “You had a blowout quarter 

The Dow Jones Industrial Aver- come out of Chrysler, and that 
age closed unchanged at 3.87029 helped cydicals. certainly those 


age closed unchanged at 3.87029 helped cydicals. certainly those 
points after having been up for that are auto-related,” said Philip 
most of the day. The Standard & Orlando, an equity portfolio man- 
poor’s 500 Index advanced 0.95 to ager at Fust Capital Advisers. 




NYSE Most Actives 


hot Law Las an. 


Dow Jones Averages 

Opn Kali Low La* CDs. 

Indus 3S71M 38S.11 386MJ 387059 
Trans 1823 44 104.01 1B3QJ7 1B22-5B 
Ulfl 331.13 Z2I M 339.14 23&M -0J? 
Comp 1413.75 141 KS 141TD0U1104 *033 

Standard & Poor’s totoes 

He lot obh cm 

indudrWs SSLOB 81J1 SZ91 +1X0 

Tronsp. 448.91 44SJM 44134 +2M 

Utilities 107.17 16559 14632 +1X3 

FJnoncr 45.19 44M **JH — (LB 

SPSOO 47519 473X9 47435+0*9 

SP TOO 440.17 438X7 439X7 +041 

NYSE Indexes 


Composite 263.19 242X1 M4J6 >045 

Industrials 322X8 321X8 3&24 >04* 

Transo *03* tbdm 28L» >150 

unity 22141 221.99 22038 *1X9 

Piww 219.92 319X8 319X7 —0.1? 

NASDAQ Indexes 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


HW LOT PlCV.QM 


COCOA (LCE> 

StarUn per metric (mHetsoTMlws « 

MW TI5 916 915 ?14 w W 

HOT 933 m 932 924 938 937 AW" 

3*8 936 938 947 937 948 950 *“* 

5W 950 9S1 9B 950 981 983 Jjjj* 

E5L sates +9*8 Sjg 


Industrials 

HW LOW. LOO settle (Me 
SAS01L (IPO 

(LS. Milan per metric toa+eaoHiB tens. . 

—7X5 


Esl Sates +928 


COFFEE ILCB1 . _ Sn 

PoUan per metric l ou to ll 05 Oaf Oct 

Jam MSS 7,M? 1,189 1.1B0 1,11* 1.785 JO* 

HOT 1,197 1X00 1X04 1.1 W 1.198 1,199 Dec 


1X03 1X08 1X00 1.193 1X00 1X01 
Ml 1XM 1.197 1.191 1,190 1,198 MM Of 

SW N.T. U97 1.T94 1.192 1.199 1X00 m ~l 

Mm N.T. 1,197 N.T. UT. UM 1X02 Ml 

Um N.T. L197 N.T. NT. 1J90 1X02 

Est Sales 1X82 JJw 

HOT Law am cove ££, 

WHITE SUGAR (Motif} • Jan 

BofleraMr mettle te»+al* el » tons JoJ 

NOT 2BM0 2® AO 2® JO 2BKOO — QJD Ana 

MOV 2S&50 2B7.CD 207.10 257X0 — 0X0 Sap 

AIM 29110 2*340 271 JO 272J0— 1J0 Oct 

Q& 283 ® 381 JO 9050 2B2J0 — 1X0 HP* 

Dec UT. N.T. mas 2SU0-0XQ 6 

Mar NT. NT. 2*1X9 2834*— ft® Oi 

Esl. soles 140*. Prrv, soles 90S. Open (iv 
teres* 11X88. 


NT 1.197 NT HLT. 1,198 S MKKT CRUDE OIL (Ml 

nt: un HLT nt! un 13 b ttssenwruwH®* 

SnlMTX® *» 1+7* 1334 134 


Composite 
Industrials 
Finance 
Insurance 
. Telecomm 
Banks 

Tramp. 


High Law Close OriH 
793X9 791.19 79102 +AA4 
831 JO 82858 83148 +1X8 


Est. Seta 19X77 . Prow, sales 31X98 . 
Ooen Interest 113X29 


s par ftaneHpfi of LON Sn® 
119* 3124 130* . U» —030 

1404 DM 1X93 1393 —0.17 

1+14 UK 14X7“ WJ38 —112 
14X4 14.19 UXB 14X0 —032 

1445 MJt US MJ2 —AM 
1453 1448 1450 140? —0.16 

14X5 UM 1464 1464 — BX0 

1490 1490 1490 1480 —0X0 

ISAS HAS IS* 1490 —8X5 


89764 89458 
918.77 91158 
18258 18150 
699 JO 67+81 
762.10 7S549 


143 +2X7 
'M +1.91 
X5 —0X0 
159 +253 
159 + 346 


AMEX Stock Index 


47 4.25. The Nutd* 
Compos le Index at 


Combined 
led 0.84 to 


ager at rust CapitaJ Advisers. 

Many of the largest U.S. banks 
reported large earnings increases. 


793.02, breaking last Friday's re- although some saw their share 
cord of 79131. prices retreat after recent rallies. 

More than five stocks rose for “Investors are concerned about the 
every four that fell on the New Federal Reserve increasing rates 
York Stock Exc hang e, where voi- over the next few quarters, and 
tune was a heavy 308 million that’s created an artificial black 
shares. cloud or ceiling over fin an dal 


76 n 7 *Y, 

63 Vi 62V6 62* >*• 

62‘* 61V* 62 *1*A 

4146 40V. 41 —46 — 

41 ’A 401m 41 'm » v 6 ■ + 

3T6 36V, 38V6 - * 

67 'A 65V. 67V6 *196 

00 Vi 79V, BO *1V6 

36V6 2S*A 36Vb + 116 

5716 5696 57 —Vi 20 Bands 

5556 5496 55 + V6 10 militia 

1916 18V. 19>A *16 10 Industrials 

45*6 44 44 V6 — 18+ 


HOT Lew Oom CWee 
48240 481.16 48154 +0.16 


Dow Jotm Bond A 


U.S. Treasury bonds gained for stocks,” Mr. Orlando said. 


AMEX Most Actives 


the first time in four sessions as 
commodity prices declined, damp- 
ing concern inflation. The bench- 


Citicorp rose 14 to 4114 and 
Chase Manhattan gained V4 to 35*4. 
But Wells Fargo fell 2% to 133# 


mark 30-year bond rose 17/32 to after setting a 52-week high and 
yield 6.26 percent, down from 6.30 Chemical Banking Corp. lost 1 to 
percent on Monday. 40^- 

German Rate Outlook 
Undermines Dollar 


EchoBoy 
RcrytSO a 
ICH 
Hcoaro 
Han wf8 
CreaPti 

Betawit 

Antdhl 

TopSrce 

wtwra 

unvun 

Elm 

GrevLne 


VOL Mali Law Law 

15079 15V6 1416 IS 

111® 5*4 S 5 
10349 7V6 4V. 7 

7053 34* 33 Vi 3316 


Market SMes 

NYSE 4 cun. volume 
NYSE prey. com. clase 
Amex 4 pjn. volume 
Amex prev. cons, close 
NASDAQ 4 p jn. volume 
NASDAQ prev. 4 pm. volume 
NYSE volume up 
NYSE voi ume down 
Amex volume up 
A mex volume down 


30+640000 

2B1JMX9* 
19J006«I 
19.111X00 | 
273552,100 
243445,904 
162592590 

1 15,249X30 

8+4S490 1 

6X6ZASO1 


Metals 


M Ask Bid Mk 
ALUMIMVM WfyQrtx*) 

SSr^^lfflShlOMO I19H50 119.50 
Svwn 120850 120950 T217J0 1318X0 

COPPER CATHODES (HOT OruOel 
Do&sn per me^cton 
Spot 1829J30 183850 183850 1831J0 

Forward 1851.00 183200 I8SU0 105300 

LEAD 

497X0 49650 49750 
Srward 5O9J00 50950 509-00 5HLOO 

NICKEL 

Dallors per nytrtct — ___ 

Soot 572&00 5730X0 5770X0 5773X0 

nrwonl 5790X0 5792X0 5835X0 5840X0 

TIN 

DeHart per mOTJcOT 

Soot 4975X0 49B5X0 50*0X0 5Q5XX0 

Forwent 5030X0 5040X0 30*5X8 SWOXO 

ZINC t&ec fcrt HOT sraae) 

^rf° r * PCr “fSj)0 8,, l 021X0 101450 W15J0 

ftriward 1039X0 T040AO T034XS 1035X0 


Est. Sale* 29,902 . Prav. sales AUS. 
Open (merest 142734 

Stock Indexes ■ 
FisetMtupnn 

as per index petat 


Sep N.T. N.T. MU +46X 

Est vp/wnte; 1+192. Open Meiaet: 71*01. 

Sources.- AUn Matlt Assodate U ftw 
London Inti Financial Futures Exchange. 
Inti P etrol e u m Exchange. 


Spot CoamwdBtiM 


Aluminum. A 
CoHee.Braz.ib 
Copper WecfrotrW& B> 
iron FOB. ton 

LjtwLib 
Silver, trav az 
Steel I scrap), ten 
Tin, lb 
Zlnc.ib 




Rnanda) 


Hails ii 8 i 55 H.Y.S.E. OUd-Urt Tradtng 

4827 646 +16 694 +16 I ~ 

4844 SVi 4SV. 5*6 +16 Buy Sales Short* 

4377 10V6 M» *66 — V, — 770X24 1X24.788 44X4! 

3i * * * Sg ^ 2% 

Sift rn ™ T5 ^*? \1SSb 


3-MONTH STERLING (UFFE) 
aeoxoe-ptiafiMpcr 


088X01 -pis at 108 L 

'£* +S" pS HIYm Atty X "iSs 1-17 is 

S ™ :sss M7 VJS 

Dec UX8 9*J7 94M +QM oar aan. 

Mar 9474 94A2 9+73 +0.10 

Jan 9456 94.43 9455 +6.11 1NCREASBD 

^ HB 9AW 94^ tin NavaScoHa ? .19 1J1 M4 

NOT 94X7 93JM 94X6 +A14 PereiWwck Corp Q .18 2-1 2-15 

Jun 93X1 9177 »33C ++14 

Ext volume: 66A9B Open Wsresf: 411509. hhtial 

MAONTH EURODOLLARS (UFFE) , ‘ ... 

SlaXWea-PtsoflMPcr ^SSSJ^* ac ' tS 135 

U0T MAQ «&5V f fli 4. p m XnoltZ8f 5n A - -kO Z-TO m 

Jm 96J29 MJB 9LX +QM 

SfP N.T. N.T. 95.99 -f*0J22 iRDEAULAfl 

Dec N.T. N-T. fSiifl +QJM IRRTOULA* 

Mar N.T. N.T. 95A4 +0X3 AmlraurMtga . X6 T2-S1 2-1 

Jun N.T. N.T. 95X0 +0X3 Global HI IncoOoilr _ .115 1-24 V28 

See N.T. N.T. 9499 +BX3 PabiWb PrmHl me - X68B >24 14 

Esl. volume: 228. Open Merest: 1+277. 

SMOKTH CUROMARKS (LIFFI) REGULAR 

DM1 nrinien -SieMMpa _ . „ 

Mir 9+«s 9+C 9+44 unctv Apogee E nTetK, . 0 -?2 

Jon 94J1 94XS 94X9 +0X1 g°rctay » Bfc ADR A X XK 1-J8 3-1 

Sai 9527 9577 9527 +0X1 Bardoys Bk «T1 B x Xff 148 M 

tec 9550 KJQ +8X3 BarcXrys Bk ADR C3 x .7831 1-26 3-1 

NOT 95X3 9558 95X3 +0X2 BardOVS K ADR O X JIB 141 3-1 

JWJ 95J0 7SA5 9570 +0X2 x a ppr ox — H u nt per stare. 

«« *££ +aS Beelxa Creattans Q X8 1-81 238 

tier 2H5 + SS FeJ Cnlontal Gra • Q .17 2-10 2-2) 

'EST K 53 GAB Bancorp Q .18 1-24 1-28 

JS, ,.J5 S- e<t£a Porter Parsley s X5 l-rn 3-15 

Est. volume. 8U8S.apen Mereet. 851143. Po.s.Bnwro a .w i-3i 2-14 

LONG GILT (LIFFE) Verso Tech Q X8 1-31 2-10 

B+aea-ptS + SMsuf weed WeycoGraop Q JO 3-7 +1 

MOT 71*48 779X0 TT9-01 +926 YPFSoGMmlma x 20 7-26 1-2* 

Jun 11843 117-21 118-13 +0-26 X OT Prax PMOUM per APR. 

Est. volume: *1X81. Open internet: 99X93. 

GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND (UPFII STOCK SPLIT 

DM 2SM80-PIS el 188pCt ^ -rti i n +..rfTt n ry 

Mar 19073 7 0028 78071 +0,14 HOTltXlll I Most 2 lor 1 SPflL 

jua ioa.45 mexa 10047 + 014 e-aaeonl; a p qyo Me ln oeaOT hods; ra- 

Est. volume: 180250 Open Interest: 1S3J17. wos Bl w a WMOTI i s e mi nenu a l 


Company Per Amt Pay Rec 

CORRECTION 

Putnam AdU USGv x JM 1-17 V2S 

Putnam HI YW X .105 1-17 1-25 

Putnam HlYMAdv x X#5 VT7 1-25 

PlrtlWM Income Rt x X46 1-17 1-25 


2812 3016 2*16 2*96 


NYSE Diary 


Bloomberg Business Sena 

NEW YORK — The dollar fell 
Tuesday against the Deutsche 
mark and other major currencies 
amid speculation that the Bundes- 
bank will refrain from cutting in- 
terest rates after its biweekly meet- 

Forelgn Exchange 

ing on monetary policy this 
Thursday. 

Many traders had been expect- 
ing the central bank to reduce rates 
in a bid to jump start Germany’s 
sluggish economy. Now, the 
Bundesbank's reluctance to see the 
mark weaken against the dollar and 
other currencies may dash those 
hopes, the traders said 

“Ninety percent of currency 
traders are expecting the Bundes- 
bank to do nothing this week,'' said 
Kevin Lawrie, foreign exchange 
manage r at Mellon Bank in Pitts- 
burgh. 

The dollar finished at 1.7465 
DM, down from 1.7525 DM on 
Monday. The dollar also slipped to 
110.79 yen from II 1.135 yen, to 
1.4620 Swiss francs from 1.4750 
francs and to 5.9335 French francs 
from 5.94 75 francs. 

The pound finished at Sl-4960. 
up from $1.4935. 


The Bundesbank is bound by its 
constitution to maintain the stabil- 
ity of the German currency. Last 
week, traders said, the bank sold 
dollars for marks to try to slow a 
swoon that has sent the mark down 
10 percent against the dollar in 
three months. 

A rate cut could weaken the 
mark even more by making depos- 
its in German banks less attractive. 
Germany's discount rate is 5.75 
percent, compared with 3 percent 
in the United States. 

Some traders sold dollars Tues- 
day after the Bundesbank reiterat- 
ed its commitment to keeping the 
mark stable. 


Dedinad 
Undicraed 
TdKXtesues 
IW>Mb» 1 
Now Lows 


Amex Diary 


Declined 
Undwnoed 
Toco! issues 
Now MOTS 
New Lows 


NASDAQ Diary 


Advanced 
Declined 
UmMiwd 
Total Issues 


Close 

Prev. 

1.11* 

1.133 

1J084 

1.122 

13)95 

1.155 

X3C7 

3J61 


" ‘included to the soles Haunts- 


SGB Cats Stake in Suez 
In Bid to Raise Cash 

Bloomberg Business Sc hs 
PARIS — Soci&te Generale de 
Belgique cat its stake in its parent 
company, Compagnie de Suez, to 
I _5 percent from just below 45 per- 
cent, in a cash-raising eterdse. a 
Suez spokesman, Jean-Michel 
Theron said Tuesday. ! 

Belgium’s largest holding com- 1 
pany, which is 61 parent owned by 
Suez, sold 4.1 million shares in a 
transaction that pared its stake to 1 
23 million shares. Based an Taes- 


NavaSeotto 

PwmMxKkCorp 


Amwcy Asia Poe 
ScMtzerSMA 


.19 i-n 2-14 
.18 2-1 245 


- .16 1-28 2-18 
. JB5 2-W MS 


Lilly to ShedUnits, Focus on votot 

-v' 

decided vfaeaffSTSeis 51 J billion, mate „ l-,i 
-The nine companies, vrilh V 

SS than $2 billion to the coinpan/s balance sheeL 

Gnmnnan to Gose Long Island Hants 

HATTPPAUGE. New Yai (Bloomberg) —Gnmnnan Cwp. plans to 

<£%tpmy *rn. 

Northwest Air to Raise $400 Million 

abom M00 ma&M <rf new equity m te fint 

AHtoes. the fonnbWa UA'gfat te ton OTath* 

McDonald’s Sets Big Stock Buyb^k 

OAK BROOK, Illinois (Bloomberg) — McDonald’s Crap. saidTius- 
day it piaus to buy bat* as much as $1 billion o£ its common stock during 

the next three years, primarily using excess cash flo w- ^ . 

“We believe that common share repurchase is an c xcdlent m cansoi 
improving. rKnrns for common shareholders and have repurchased^ $2^2 
billion of our common stock over the past 10 years, said Jack M. 
Greenberg, vice diairtnan and chief finand al officer. 

The restaurant chain’s Stares dosed at S57-50,up 62J cents. 

Bloomberg, CBOT to Trade Bonds 

CHICAGO (AP) — The Oocago Board of Trade and Bkwmbag 
Ftnaodal Products said Tuesday they would develop an dediomc oadmg 
system for gcwenmaeul. securities in a deal that would make the futures 
exchange also a marketplace fear cash Treasmy bonds and bto- , . * - 

The deal also would add government sectmties trading to Bloombergs 
fmnnrinl informat ion services. Bloomberg's larger competitors, Reuters 
Holdings PLC and Dow Jones Telerate, curreofiy offer some form oi 

dectromc tradmg in sovemzranl secmiDes. . , , . , , 

The CBOT chairman, Patrick Arbor, said the system wouldn't mdode 

* ■ - . T, ; u_ Urn oririnri chratM 


IRREGULAR 

88 . Ji 12-31 2-1 

iDotlr . .115 1-24 V28 

II inc - JM88 >21 1-38 | 

REGULAR 

or Q J» H HJ 

lDRA x MS 1-24 3-1 

dlB X JOft M» 3-1 

DRca X ^an 1-26 3-1 

DR D x JIB 1-28 3-1 


Esl. volume: 82J65.0pen Interest: 8SL14L 
LONG GILT (LIFFE) 

BUM - Pt» A BB ofl« Kl 


Q X8 1-31 2-28 

Q .17 2-10 2-21 

Q .18 1-24 >28 

S X5 1-31 3-15 

Q M 1-31 2-11 

Q xe 1-31 2-10 

Q JB 3-7 4-1 

x 20 1-26 1-28 

■ADR. 


I Marshall I Most 2 tor 1 swflL 


Citicorp and Other Banks Report Stellar 4th Quarter Earnings 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Several major U.S. 
banks reported strong gains in 1993 fourth 
quarter earnings Tuesday, topping off 
what many executives said would be re- 
membered as a banner year. 

Citicorp, the largest U.S. bank, said it 
earned $575 million, or $1.06 per share, for 


the three months to Dec. 3], up from $280 
million, or 53 cents a share, a year earlier. 

Cticorp said its fall-year n et pro fit soared 
u> S?-2 billion in 1993 bran $722 million in 
1992. Other banks reporting Tuesday had 
impres sive fall-year g ains , as well 
Analysts said the stellar earnings were 
due in pan to the fall in U.S. interest rates. 


which increased bank margins from al- 
ready-booked loans and helped banks dis- 
pose of troubled loans and foreclosed real 
estate. 

Chase Manhattan Corp- said it earned 
$313 millioa, or $1.53 per share, for the 
fourth quarter, compared with $169 mil- 
lion, or 87 cents a share, a year earlier. 


Chemical Banking Corp. reported eamr 
mgs of 5347 milKon, orSI.23 per share Tar 
the fourth quarter, op from $304 million. 

San Frandsco-hased Wells Fargo Sc Co. 
reported fourth quarter earnings (rf $190 
million, or $3.18 a share, up from $58 
million, or 83 cents, a year e arlie r. 

(Reuters. AP) 


nuiuwauymro uw. vu 6 UMi ii 84 i 6 A i*»*vOTp 6 p — - . 

the Board of Trade be forced oat of Globe*, a straggling I dearano- 
trading system for futures and options owned by CBOT, the Chicago 
Mercantile Exchange and Reuters. 

New Technology to Expand Solar Use 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — A joint genramnent-indnstry effort has 
produced a new type of energy gathering materia! that could hah* the cost 

•n^ih^^Tn can^ifA Ifl^^ravcntion^s^^es to replace large, 
unsightly solar panels on homes and can be used in glass panda m 
nmnmmal buddings, the Energy Department said. The technology 
resulted from a project by United Solar Systems Corp., a joint effort of 
rAnmi iuc, the busness machines and camera manufacturer, and Energy 
Canveraon Devices of Troy, Michigan. * 

Oryx Omits Payout, Cuts Spending 

DALLAS (Bloomberg) —Oryx Energy Co. said Tuesday it suspended 
its quarterly dividend and cm its l994 capital spending by 20 percent to 
cope with lower exude oO prices. .' 

The SKlepeudcntoil ana: natural ga9 producer said it^ would cut its 1994 
capital budget to about $370 nriHkm from $460 million last year. The 10 
cent quarterly dividend, which was entfrom 30oents a sbarein June 1992, 
won’t be paid mi iff “market conditioas warrant,” the company said. 

For the Record 

Flenfag Cos. said it would cut 2J000 jobs, or 9 percent of its wodc force, 
and takeafonrth-ejuaner pretax char^ of $101 rmfEm. (Kmgftt-Riddtr) 
htaraatiobal Inc. anuoimeed a plantodevdcp loeri tdqihone 
nctwoAs in Pdand involving an investment of $120 mfllkm. (AP) 

The U-S. Intenntkm^ Trade Commhrion opened investigatkms of 
U^.-Canada farm trade, die first steps toward restricting inpoxts a i 
Canadian peanut products and durum wheat ■ (AP) 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 









































**. ■ 


IJVTERJNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1994 


Page 13 

EUROPE 



4 






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lillioa 

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" --“'Jra 

' 

■ • n.'.p, 

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*' Satfrrj 

FRANKFURT — The Bundes- 
^ bank said Tuesday it would not be 
forced into swing nxKKtary policy 


' -as. 


:,V ^sS 

■ -‘r^su 
« m 


Bonds 


- : ‘^S 

■- 3,.L 

* • -mSo 
• ~ ■. Iq " .r* 

■ • ---IMfe 
__ ^ : 20Cj 


i Nilar Ise 


my, bet some analysts still see a 
• good chance that German interest 
y rates wifl come down tins weti. 
v,.: . .in its January report, the central 
.hank said it woukuxintiixiie to sse 
carefully any room for rate ehring^g 
i _ ..that emerged from economic and 

>_v : “A poli^i^o^S interest-rate 
, f, cuts motivated by economic policy 
'■ 7- is just as miich but of the qwstkm 
as is the attempt to find a solution 
i for Ge rman economic problems in 
a maric devaluation brought about 
-by interest-rate cuts,” it said, 
tv-.. “The' Bundesbank will, as h has 
' ■ done so Tar, carefully sound out 
- room fra: maneuver on interest 
i •; rates that emerges from the macro- 
j... 1 economic environment.” 

‘ The bank's central comKal is due 

L . to hold its regular biweekly meet- 
1 - ing Thursday to review policy, in- 
■’ chiding, interest-rale levels, 
t .. The primary task for monetary 

"Jhe Bundesbank sak^Tn this wry 
j lays the-fbqndatmn far lasting 
* .growth and coritobutes toward 
? protecting Germany as an industry 
-^allocation," it said. 
t ■ Some economists expect the 
Bundesbank to lower interest rales 
-,at this week’s council meeting even 
t tbc^tbemarkisatitslowest levri 
against the doflar in two-anri-a-half 
V years. The Getman. currency is trad- 
f ing at about 1.7S to the dollar: 

V. Bui others predict the central 
r bank will hold rates steady for now. 


preferring to wait for new data on 
money supply and inflation to see 
whether an easing can be justified. 

“A faffing mark is no problem as 
long as it falls slowly,” Norben 
firSms. economist at Barclays de 
ZoetcWcdd, said. ' 

■ PohlAide to Get Post 
- A former key aide to K«ri Otto 
B6hL, once the Bundesbank presi- 
dent, has been chosen to became a 
manberof the central bank’s direc- 
torate, government sources said. 

The sources said Gerd HSusler. 
42, head of the Bundesbank’s credit 
department, was likely to succeed 
Gftnter Siorch, who is' to retire at 
tteeito 6T February. - . 

. Me. Scorch, who turns 6S .early 
next mouth, is responsible for staff 
and administration on the board. 

Both Mi. Hdusler and Mr. 
Storch have links to the Free Dem- 
ocratic Party, junior member of the 
governing coalition in Bonn. 

Mr. RBusler has risen quickly at 
the Bundesbank. After heading Mr. 
PQhl's office, he led the central 
bank's interiiational financial mar- 
kets djviaon and then became a 
head of department, one rank be- 
low board member. . 

At the credit department, Mr. 
H&uster is responsible for money- 
market operations and. develop- 
ments on the capital markets,. .. 

Together with the presents of 
Germany’s regional caitral banks, 
the B undesbank board members 
main- up the central bonk' council, 
which makes decisions co. monetary 
policy every other. Thursday. 

The Bundesbank had no com- 
ment on Mr. Hauler's possible ap- 
pointment. ‘ 


IM1 Seeks Higher Profile 

How to Lure Small Investors to Share Offer? 



Bloomberg Business News 

MILAN — The average Giovanni or Giulia 
doesn’t know much about Istiruto Mobfliare Itahano. 
And that presents a challenge to the government. 

When the government sold its slake is Crrdito 
itaCano SpA last mouth, much of the 1.75 trillion 
lire (St -OS billion) paid out fra- shares came from 
individual investors who had their savings or 
checking accounts at that well-known retail bank. 

But IML in which the Italian Treasury will sefl a 
one third share starting on Jan. 31, isn't a retail bank 
and has Kttfe name rcrogmtiom That's the problem 
for the government, which is commuted to broaden- 
ing the ownership of Italian business and industry. 

“IMl doesn't carry the same sot of household 
name as Credit^” add Michael lerobiao, an analyst 
atMurchk) SIM, a MDan brokerage. “Credito seems 
to have a branch on evoy street comer and village.” 

If the ordinary investor is unexcited about IM1, 
however, some mutual and pension funds in Italy 
. and overseas say that they and it interesting. 

Unlike other large Italian banks, IM1 relies less 
on traditional Lending for its revenue and more on 

ties tra^^t^ wrote John Leonard, a banking 
analyst at Salomon Brothers Inc. in New York, the 
dosest thing in Italy to a JLP. Morgan A Co. or a 
Bankers Trust, referring to U.S. banks that have 
moved away from traditional lading 

“It win be a completely new sort of animal on 
the Milan stock market,” said Francesco Ricdufli. 
an analyst at Carnegie International in London. 

Allan Rap had, a fund manager at S. Aruhold & 
S. Bleichroeder in New York, said he spurned 
Creditors shares because he already hdd stock in 
several Italian banks and didn’t want to add to his 
lira exposure. But he said he almost certainly will 
buy into IMl because be finds its large fund- 
! management operations and high-quality loan 
book attractive. 

1MI has become Italy’s largest stock and bond 
broker through its Sige investment bank subsid- 
iary, and the bank is expanding its life insurance 
operations. It is also Italy’s largest mutual fund 
manager, with about 20 percent of the market, 
double that of its closest competitor, (he RAS SpA 
insurance group. It is likely to gain market share, 


say some analysts, as the government increases its 
efforts to foster the creation of pension funds. 

“IMTs the biggest distributor of mutual funds in 
Italy, and that's a great position to be in because at 
some point Italy will nave to reform its pension- 
fund system,” Mr. Raphael said. 

The difficulty for the government, analysts add, 
is to make the general public aware of the bank's 
potential for earnings growth. 

Last week, the Italian Treasury said that at least 
75 million of the 200 million shares of IMl it plans 
to sell will be reserved, for individual investors. 
Another 25 million are slated for Italian institu- 
tions, with 65 million for overseas investors and 5 
milli on for IMl employees. 

The Treasury also said that to sell IML it wiD use 
television advertising for (lie first time in its priva- 
tization program. For the rale of Credit©, the 

'It will be a completely new 
sort of animal on the Milan 
stock market.’ 

Francesco RiccxuUi, Carnegie 
International 

government used only billboard and print ads, 
relying on the bank's name recognition. 

Mr. lerebino said that the Treasury has been a 
bit lethargic about pitching the IMl issue to indi- 
viduals. Institutional interest is secure, be said, 
“but they are going to have to get moving on the 
promotional side. And the price win have to be on 
the low end of the range." 

The Treasury has said that the issue price will be 
between 9,800 Lira and 11,000 lire a share. The 
government will disclose the actual price on Jan. 
29, just two days before the issue. Mr. ierubino 
said he estimates fair market value to be about 
10.350 lire a share. 

IMl shares are planned for listing on the Milan, 
London and New York stock exchanges. 

IMl is currently half-owned directly by the 
Treasury. The rest is split among 64 financial 
institutions, none of which currently break a 10 
percent limit that IMl win impose on all future 
shareholdings. 


Profit Falls 
85% at Unit 
Of Thyssen 

Bfoorrberg Business News 

ESSEN, Germany — Tbyssen 
Industrie, the car-parts and capital- 
goods unit of the steel giant Thys- 
sen AG, said Tuesday that profit 
had plunged 85 percent in its latest 
business year because of the cost of 
laying off staff and the recession in 
the German car-parts indusuy. 

Profit for the year ended Sept. 30 
fell to 31.7 million Deutsche marks 
(S18.1 minion) from 211.5 million 
DM a year earlier Revenue fc9 
almost 7 percent, to 8. 1 billion DM. 

Thyssen Industrie had predicted 
a rough ride, but profit fefl further 
than bad been expected. Chief Ex- 
ecutive Gckhard Rohkamm said. 

Mr. Rohkamm said the profit 
figure was after 177 million DM of 
charges linked to recent job cuts. 
The company reduced its work 
force by 4.7 percent in the report- 
ing year, to 44.867. 

Orders Id! less severely than prof- 
it, indicating that lower prices were 
pan of the reason far reduced earn- 
ings. Orders were off 9 percent, to 
7.7 billion DM, in the 1992-93 year. 

The fall in orders was due largely 
to reduced domestic demand for car 
parts. 

■ Porsche Has Record Loss 

Porsche AG reported Tuesday 
the biggest annual loss in its histo- 
ry. but management said the com- 
pany's results were improving, 
Reuters reported. 

Porsche's group loss for the year 
ended July 3 1 came to 238.8 million 
DM, compared with a loss of 65.8 
million DM the previous year. 

The management board chair- 
man, Wenddin Wiedeking. said 
Porsche's six-month loss for the 
current financial year was expected 
to be 1 15 million DM, compared 
with 120 milli on DM a year earlier. 


investor’s Europe 


Frankfurt 
DAX • 


London . 

FTSe 100 Incfex- 


Paris . 

cacao: 


2300 - v 

^ — -M- 

•2300 

AMP"."' ■ A v 


m 





wi ft JV 

■aup 



2000 

ib ®a s o nd j ■ 

^“"A S O KO J 



1993 


1994 


1693 


1994 


1993 


1994 


Exchange 

Amsterdam 

' Index 
' AEX 

Tuesday 
Close • 
42&16 

Prbv. .% 

'■ Close Change 

"422.-9S • ' ^0.53 

Brussels 

Stock Index 

7,642.72 • 

7,604.50 +0.50 

Frankfurt 

DAX 

2,ii3£4 

2,137.38- -1.10 . 

Frankfurt 

FA 2 - 

610.11 

.822.29 ".. -1.48 

Helsinki . . 

HEX: 

1,825.78 

■1,833.94 \-Q.44 

London 

Financial Times 30. 

2428.50 

S£t5.70 ,iO30 

London 

'FTSE 100 

M37-00 

3,407.80. .*0.86 

Madrid '■ 

General Index 

333.84 

3to.07 ■ -li4 

Milan 

fyttB 

989.00 

985.00 ,+0.4 f 

Paris. 

CAC40 

2£47AS 

2^34.78 *0.56 

. Stockholm 

Aftaefsvaeritfen 

1,803.30 

1.W3.38 -0.03 

Vienna . 

Stock Index . 

500.31 

499.12 +054 

Zurich 

SBS . 

1,047,00 

1^38.76 M).n 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 


lolrmwoiu] H cnU Trihvnr 

Very briefly: 


e Looks Imminent DEBT : Investors Hunt Hot Spots 




-. . ~'Z' “Sri 


t>! J!3 


CampUai by Our Staff Froa Dapaidx* 

^ BARIS — Scrifte Nationals Ekf Aquitaine 
announced Tuesday an 82 percent plunge in 
consolidated net profit for 1993, dealing the 
decks for an imsmenrsale-to the public, ana- ' 
dystssaid. 

>, The widdy expected fall, to LI billion 
French francs ($190 minim} front d^ lriOkni 
tfrancs in 1992,-came after ane-tnne chaiges of - 
\Z0 billioa francs and was in fine with a forecast 
.made by Qtairman Flalippc Jaffrfe in November. 

■ The fact that the company ; reported earnings 
several weeks before tiiey are normally dne sent 
the stodc up 9.80 francs to dose at 408 francs a . 
-share on 4hc prospect ofjt troi4 privatization. 

- “These remits put Hfs safe or ^the storting 

j -ti- : i-:. .i.tjLti.. . - i- '.■< 

NASDAQ 


blocks.” said Patrick Legod, head of research at 
^brokerage Transbourse. 

According to French press reports, on which 

die Economy Ministry declined to comment, 

the sale coold start as eariy as Monday. Econo- 
my Minister ^Edmond Alphandtry said tins 
month that Bf would he told in the next few 
WeeiSL..' 

Eto Mfrig nonrecurring items, consolidated 
profit fefl 47 p ercent in 1993 to 3.1 billion 
, francs," bam 5.8 b£Qian francs in 1992. Elf laid 
. the blame for tbc stamp in profit on the worsen- 
ing economic situation, particularly in Europe, 
and ^ steep drop in ofl prices. 

The 1993 nonrerauring charges included L5 
biffiob Trtmcs'for writing down the value of 

I'mHu ‘ — ' ‘ 


certain North Sea ml and gas assets. They also 
included provisions for restructuring the com- 
pany’s chemical business and a write-down of 
financial portfolio investments. 

(Bloomberg, Kmghl-Ridder) 

■ Indosnes Chief to Head AGF 

Antoine Jeancoon-Galignani, chairman of 
Banque Indosuez, has been named chairman of 
Assurances Gkntndes de France, the govern- 
ment said Tuesday, according to news agency 
reports. His move from a publicly traded com- 
pany — Indosuez is a unit of Compagnie de 
Suez — is seen as helping pave the way for a 
rapid seB-off of the state-owned insurer. 

(AFX, Reuters) 


Continued from Page 11 

most are still not overvalued. 

Felix Robyns, the head of emerg- 
ing markets for CS First Boston, 
says spreads between interest rates 
on VS. Treasury securities and 
those on debt of many large Latin 
American governments fell by a 
massive 150 baas points last year — 
tot he insists that this reflects the 
improvement in those govenunents’ 
credit quality as much as it does 
investor demand for their paper. 

While the massive flows of capi- 
tal to the emerging markets may 
strike some as a disturbing trend 


likdy to depress growth in the in- 
dustrial world and to raise risks of 
financial instability, others say it is 
old hat Baring's Ktr. Melville says 
that in the 19th century and up to 
the start of World War 1, such 
flows were the norm. 

It was. be said, a phenomenon 
that merely had been interrupted 
until recently by the rise of commu- 
nism in parts of the developing 
world and by widespread exchange 
controls elsewhere. 

“You could say we are just re- 
turning to the natural order of 
things?’ Mr. Melville suggested. 


• Hoechst AG plans to cut up io2,000jcbs in its fiber business at 14 West 
European sites by the end of next year. 

■ Tr mhanH ibe German privatization agency, said it would sell 60 
percent of the steelmaker Eko Stahl AG to Riva Prodon! Siderurgiti SpA 
of Italy and keep a 40 percent stake itself: terms were not disclosed. 

■ HagemeyerNV, a Dutch trading concern controlled bv First Pacific Ok 
of Hong Kong, said it expected to report a net profit for 1993 of about 
161 million guilders ($82 million), up more than 50 percent from 1992. 

■ French industrial output in December continued a recovery noted in 
November but is likely to stabilize during the next few months, the Bank 
of France said after a survey of business executives. 

■ The Danish central bank lowered its discount rate 0 25 percentage point 
to 5.75 perrenu effective Wednesday. 

■ Phenske Pfa ovary, the Czech Republic’s largest brewery, is expected to 
reclaim its famous trademark, Plzen skv Prazdroj or Original Pilsner, 
under an agreement with the government, the brewer's former owner. 

• The European Union approved a venture between Snecma of France 
and T1 Group PLC of Britain to produce aircraft landing gear. 

Bloomberg, Reusers, AFP. Knight- Rutin 

MAI Bids for Anglia TV 


A genet France-Presse 

LONDON — MAI PLC, a Brit- 
ish investment group, on Tuesday 
launched an agreed takeover bid 
for Anglia Television Group PLC. 
which broadcasts to southeastern 
England on the ITV network. 

MAI said it was offering Anglia 
shareholders at least 637 pence 
($9.49) a share in cash and stock, 
valuing the company at £292 million 
($435 million). MAI said Anglia 
management had recommended 
shareholders accept the offer. 


Anglia shares jumped 180 pence 
to dose at 662 pence on the Lon- 
don Stock Exchange. 

Tbc takeover bid is the third in 
the sector since November, when 
the British government said it 
would allow regional ITV compa- 
nies to control two broadcasting 
licenses in place of one. 

Carlton Communications PLC 
has already taken over Central In- 
dependent TV. and LWT Holdings 
PLC is fighting a hostile bid from 
Granada Group PLC. 




















































































































L>* 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1994 


Page 15 

ASiA/PACSFiC 


aocr cowers ^ u.S. Takes New Japan Trade Tack 

J HpHll Brokers Direct Talks With Companies Aim to Break Stalemate 


Bloomberg Business Ne*s . ■ 

TOKYO ■ — Citing the weakness 
of Japan’s stock market. Standard 
& Poor's Corp. on Tuesday lowered 
its credit ratings for Japan’s top 
four brokerages. - 

The US rating agency said the 
downgrade raphes to an affiliates, 
foreign and domestic, of fhe/our— 
Daiwa Securities Co, Nikko Seat- 
rides Co„ Nomura Securities Co. 
and Yamaichi Securities Co. 

S&P said it be&eved die securi- 
ties industry in Japan would “con- 
tinue to be negatively affected by 
low market fa mover and Entiled 
new equity offerings. 5 ’ 

S&JP alk» said ubetafization of 
financial markets in Japan wfll m- 
crease pressure on profit margins. 

The brokerages’ current profit 
forecasts for the year ending March 


HJL Paper Sets 
Feb . 1 Launch 

Raaers 

HONG KONG • Hong 
Kong’s new RngH^-langmige 
newspaper plans to int the 
streets on Feb. I with an initial 
print ran of 83,000, executives 
said on Tuesday. . . 

The Eastern' Express laid 

annrnm<yd & Inrrorli date of 

Jan. 20. Journalist al the pa- 
per said the ddbur was nosed 
by teething problems with the 
computer system. 

The new paper wifl challenge 
(he supremacy of (he 90-year- 
old South China Morning Post, 
which has daily drculation of 
110,000 and is CGDridereid obe 
of the weald’s most-profitable 
newspapers. 


31 range between 22 bOhon yen 
(Sin ndfion) for Yamfodn and 70 
WBon yen for Nomura. But die bro- 
kerages based the forecasts an an 
estimated average volume on die 
Tokyo market of 450 KHion yen a 
daybetwem jtoril 1, 1993 and this 
Mach 31, and so far, vrifame has 

tbeFmance Mm- 
r i$try lifted a throvyear ban on pub: 
licly traded companies’ seffing new 
-shares. Brit only about 30 compa- 
nies quaKfy to sdB shares under 
j non restrictions introdneed when 
the ban was abt^isbed. 

Daiwa Securities’ short-term 
tiebtiating was lowered to A-l 
from A-l-^us- Daiwa has no out- 
smarting 1^-iernidebt (orate, die 
agency said. 

The senior long-tenn debt rating 

cm Nikko Seasides was lowered to 
A from A-phjs- Nikhf s short-tom 
. debt , rating was lowered to A-l 
fitOTA-1-^Ds. ; 

Nomura’s senior long-term debt 
raring was lowered to AA from 
AA-phis, . SAP-, said. Nomura’s 
short-term debt raring of A-l-ptns 
trig remain unchanged. .■ 

The senior long-tram debt rating 
on YamakAt was lowered to A- 
rnrnus from A. The short-term rat- 
ing was lowered to A-l from A-2. 

■. Bankrnptdes Eased in *93 
The number of corporate bank- 
ruptcies. in Japan fefl in 1993 for 
the first rime m three years, but a 
record 60 percent <sf dm cases woe 
caused by recessioii, a private cred- 
it re s e arch organizalhai said Tues- 
day, -according to an Associated 
Press dispatch, burn Tokyo. 

Tefltoku Data Bank Ltd. said 
bankruptcies by companies with h- 
. abilities of, more than. 10 milKcm 
yen I eR by 0B percent from a year 
■ earlier tri 14,041 cases inI993. 


By Andrew Pollack 

New York Times Service 

TOKYO — After months of 
fruitless trade negotiations with 
the Japanese government, the 
Clinton administration is taking 
a new tack, ft has begun to talk 
directly to Japanese companies, 
urging them to boy more foreign 
products and to take other ac- 
tions on their own to reduce Ja- 
pan’s huge trade surplus. 

Die direct appeal to the com- 
panies is partly an effort to cir- 
cumvent Japan's bureaucrats, 
whom Amen can officials accuse 
of being recalcitrant and respon- 
sible for the stifemaie in negotia- 
tions under a new f ra m ework for 
trade talks agreed to by the two 
nations in July. 

Some trade experts argue that 
even beyond the current negotia- 
tions, dealing directly with Japa- 
nese companies could become a 
more effective way of achieving 
American goals than working 
through . the Japanese govern- 
ment. But so far, concrete results 
from such an ap pr o ach are diffi- 
cult to pinpoint. 

..“We are attempting to break 
new ground in bow complex ne- 
gotiations involving big indus- 
tries will be dealt with,” said Jef- 
frey E Garten, under secretary of 
commerce for international 
trade. ’There will have to be 
stxne kind of overlap between 
public and private involvement." 

But such a strategy carries a 
risk of un dermining the Ameri- 
can bargaining position in the 
framework talks. Tokyo has re- 
sisted American demands to es- 
tablish gids for inc reami the 
sales of foreign goods and ser- 
vices in Japan, arguing that the 
government cannot control the 
purchasing decisions of private 
companies and individuals. 


In his meetings with the top 
ing with tins argument, at least 

for automobiles and auto parts. 

The fact is, the big issues in 
the automotive sector are driven 
by the companies themselves,'’ 
said Mr. Garten, who is the chief 
US. negotiator on autos and auto 
parts. “To think the government 
is going to press a button and say, 
‘We’re going to change the trade 
balance’ is a mirage.” 

During two trips to Japan, this 
month and last, Mr. Garten 
called on the top executives of 
Japan’s leading automakers. 
Scone industry mid government 
officials say these visits reflect 
more the personal style of Mr. 
Garten than a new strategy by 
Washington. But others saia they 
expected Washington to expand 


these personal contacts with cor- 
porate executives. 

American officials also met 
this month with Nippon Tele- 
graph & Telephone Corp„ urging 
it to buy mare foreign equipment. 
As NTT spokesman said, bowev- 
er, that the meeting focused on a 
previous trade agreement on the 
company’s proc ur ement. 

Mr. Ganeo said be did not 
think he was undermining Wash- 
ington’s bargaining position by 
approaching the companies di- 
rectly. saying the United States is 
stffl making many requests of the 
Japanese government as well. In 
addition, be said, the automobile 
sector is different from other sec- 
tors in the framework talks, sev- 
eral of which involve government 
procurement. 


ly, Washington seems to be agree- 


2 Construction Executives 
Are Arrested in Bribe Case 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches charged that corruption in Ja- 

TOKYO — Two senior exec- pan's construction industry is a 

ulives of Japan’s fourth -largest barrier to foreign companies, 

construction company were ar- On Tuesday, Japan's govera- 
rested T uesd ay on suspicion of meni approved a plan to open 
bribing a mayor in the latest more public works projects to 
o-qnrtai involving corrupt deal- foreign contractors and reduce 
wipe between the industry and corrupt bidding practices, 
politicians. Sendai's mayor. Torn Ishii, 

Prosecutors arrested Koreald has resigned and is on trial on 
Hagiwara, vice president of separate charges of accepting 
Obayashi Corp., *m d Juichi bribes from six construction 
Komsbi, head of its northeast- companies, 
era Japan office. News reports said prosecu- 

The two are suspected of hav- tors believed Obayashi gave 

ing given a 10 milli on yen Mr. Ishii the money in connec- 
($90,000) bribe in 1992 to the tion with bidding on a 37 billion 
mayor of Sendai, a city in yen waste incinerator and other 

northern Japan. city projects. 

Prosecutors said they also Two governors, two mayors 
raided Obayashi's offices in and more than 25 construction 
Sodai, Tokyo and Osaka, and executiveshave been arrested 
the homes of some other com- since last summer in a series of 
pany execu tives similar scandals. 

U.S. trade officials have (R oners, API 


executives of Toyota. Nissan and 
other automakers, Mr. Garten 
urged them to buy more Ameri- 
can parts and give more research, 
development and management 
jobs io Americans. He has also 
asked them to moke it easier for 
their Japanese dealers to carry 
foreign cars. Mr. Garten said be 
had been treated “graciously” by 
the companies. And although it 
may not nave been a direct conse- 
quence of bos visit, both Nissan 
and Toyota suggested last week 
that some of therr Japanese deal- 
ers were considering selling vehi- 
cles made by Ford. 

For their part, Japanese auto 
executives say Mr. Garten’s visits 
are unusual, but they welcome 
the chance to exp lain their side, 
particularly the hard times they 
are facing. “This is the first time a 
US. government official came to 
visit us at Honda,” said Nobu- 
hiko Kawamoto, president of 
Honda Motor Co. 

The visits seem to suggest that 
one way out of the stalemate in 
the framework talks woald be for 
Japan’s auto companies to set 
voluntary goals fra- buying for- 
eign auto parts or selling foreign 
cars through lb or dealers. That 
would allow Japan’s government 
to avoid agreeing to targets while 
giving Washington the measur- 
able results it is seeking, 

But Japanese officials say there 
is little chance the companies will 
agree to this. They announced 
such voluntary plans in January 
1992, when George Bush, then 
the US. president, visited Japan. 

Some companies, however, 
now regret having made these 
plans baa use Japan's prolonged 
economic slump, unforeseen at 
the time; wfl] make it difficult for 
them to reach the goals. In addi- 
tion. Japan says the United States 
has “misconstrued" the voluntary 
plan as a pledge and is trying to 
hold Japan to iL 


KorigfCong 

Hang Seng 

■1HSD- 

• 3880 /• 


: ’ Singapore ; 
Straits Times 

■ .m —— — 

2300- ~ V--H 
2SQ0 - — - 4 
: m- —r\p 

2500 '/VA 

■ J805 A — ; 


' Tokyo 

r NJkterf225 ; 

jV 2KS0^^-r-r^ 
fr .ISO®: — "V- —I* 

-r- 

W 


A SOM D J 


'A..S ON C J . 
1993 - '1994 


jtongKomj 

Sydney ■' . 
.Tokyo, ■ j’'. 


.Hang Seng 
. Stm'-ts Times 
All Ordinaries ' 

l*i&ef22S 


Kuala Lumpur Composite 

; Bangkok-. •••’ set 


.'1934 .- 1993 - '1994 

Tuesday ■ . Prev. ■ • % • 
Close- Close Change 
1 1,017.60 10.792.90 +2.08 
2,280.41 . . 2,277.04 . +0.15 
2 ,232, ID " 2.238:20 -0.27 ■ 

18.S14.S5 ' 18^725.37 T-i . 1 3 
4,11022. 7 1,104.14” ^.55 
1,477.03. 1,474.11 +0.20' 


1,477.03, 


r*y*- ■ 

Marita - 
Jakarta'" 

^ Wm'u ■' ■ 

rftMvZta) 

■a— xt — u. 

Bombay 


Weighed Price ' . 5376.43 


1,474.11 +050' 

663J5. ' +1.14 
6,034^3 •• -2^5 


CkbibposSte 
Stbck index 
T N25E-40 ’ 

"‘National index 


2;913^» -2.91053 


59201 

2,24840 

%893-76 


Sources: Reuters, AF 


577.69 ■' +2.48 

2^41.96.-; +0.29 
1^G&.02 - -a^o. 

Imcnuuuiul HcnhJTrituie 


Very briefly: 

■ Mitsubishi Kasei Corp. will close its Malaysian chemical factory. Asian 
Rare Earth, because it Is uncompetitive, an officer of die Malaysian unit 
said; last month, the factory won a long legal battle (o continue opera- 
tions, but environmentalists’ insis t it poses a public health risk. 

• Hong Kong's stock exchange censured Lee Lap. chairman of the 
electronics manufacturer Tenabray Industries International, for unfairly 
gaining control of some of the company’s publicly traded shares. 

• Bank rtf East Asia, Hong Kong's third-largest publicly traded bank, said 
profit after taxes and transfers to inner reserves climbed 46.8 percent in 
1993, lo 1 billion Hong Kong dollars (5129.4 million;. 

• Nestle Ohm Ltd. formed two joint ventures valued ar a total of S45 
million to make ice cream and other dairy products. 

• Sheraton International Inc., a unit of ITT Sheraton Corp„ agreed to 
establish China's first joint-venture hotel management company. 

• Alcan Australia Ltd. said it moved back into profit in 1993 after three 
yearly losses; the company reported profit of 772,000 Australian dollars 
($535,400), compared with a loss of 155 milli on dollars in 1992. 

• nihm plans to permit foreigners to explore and develop its oQ and 
natural gas reserves, the official China Duly reported. 

• PepsiCo hoc. agreed to form a 528 milli on joint-venture soft-drink 
company in Chongqing, in China's Sichuan province; in the venture, with 
China ttanfu Cola Holding Co.. PepsiCo will upgrade existing machinery 
before installing new equipment AFP. Bloomberg, AP. Knight- RuLier, Reuters 














































«u» 


Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19. 1994 


Stich, Seeded No. 2, Is Beaten 
By Washington in First Round 


7 he Associated Press 

MELBOURNE — Second-seed- 
ed Michael Stich, spraying way- 
ward shots off the court in all direc- 
tions, was upseL 7-6 (7-4). 6-3, 3-6. 
6-2, Tuesday by MaliVai Washing- 
ton in the first round of the Austra- 
lian Open. 

The German, a semifinalist in 
Melbourne last year and the No. 2 
player in the world, was forced into 
repealed errors at the net by Wash- 
ington's low returns. The" Ameri- 
can, ranked 26th in the world, lost 
his serve only in the third sei_ 


“It’s not like he won the match," 
Stich said “I gave it to him." 

Stich said his lack of a break 
from tennis had caught up with 
hjm, and he blamed his lethargy on 
playing in the Grand Slam Cup last 
month. 

“I’ve played the Grand Slam 
Cup three times tun it’s not worth it 
— even if it's a lot of money," be 
said. *T1! never play it again even if 
1 qualify. It was a mistake to play it 
last .vear." 

Ifis wife, Jessica, a German ac- 
tress, nibbed her eyes repeatedly 


while watching Stich’s frustrating 
performance. 

"I didn't even know the score at 
times," Stitch said “1 cannot speak 
for my mental strength out there. 
MaliVai played a good match. He 
hung in there and he didn't make as 
many unforced errors as I made. I 
just played a very terrible match." 

Washington, who had lost his 
four previous meetings with Stich, 
disagreed somewhaL 

“I wouldn’t say fie gaveit to me." 
he said "I've seen hun play better 
than today but fortunately I was 


First-Round Results at the Australian Open 


MEN'S SINGLES 

Thomas E navis r. sweaen. del. Petr Korda 
IB). CMC* Republic. 6-1 6-4. 7-6 (7-3).- David 
RlkL Czech Republic, det. Magnus Loraon, 
Sweden, »-A 7-6 (7.4). 4-1 t-Oi Nttikias k urn. 
Swe d e n , dot. Jean- Mil llppe Flevrtan. France. 
4-1 6-3. 7-5; Yevgeny Kaieinlfcav, Russia, del. 
Steve Bryan. United States. 4-5 retired.- Dan- 
iel Vaco*. Czech Republic, de-t- Christian 
Be r gst rom . Sweden. 4-1 M retired; Andrea 
Caudmzi. Italy, dei Karsten Brocsch, Ger- 
many. 6-4. 4-1 4-0. 

Wayne Ferreira 1 13), South Africa. de4. Fer- 
nando Mellgenl. Brazil. 6-1 6-3. 7-4 110-Bi; 
Brett Sloven. New Zealand, det. Bernd Kar- 
bacher. Germany, 6-2 ret Ired; Alexander Vol- 
kov 02). Russia, del. Wally Masur, Australia. 
6-16-16-2; Magnus Gustateon (10). Sweden, 
det Roper Smith. Bahamas. 3-6, 7-5. 6-2. 2-6. 6 
2 : Alex Antonltscti Austria, det. Shuso Matsu- 
aka. Japan, 4-6. 7-6 (7-4), 7-6 (7-2). 4-4. 

Henrik Holm, Sweden, del. Hendrik Dreek- 
mam. Germany. 7-5. 64. 6-4; Staton Edbera 
(4i. Sweden. del. Javier Sanchez. Soaln, 4-3. 4- 
a 4-3; Todd Martin (9), United Slates, del. 
Jaime Yzotm, Peru. 4-1 76 (7-3), 6-2; Patrick 
Raft er, Australia. def. Paul Wekesa Kenya, 6 
1, 36, 6-1. 4-2; Yaauncs El Avnooul. Morocco, 
del. Nell Berwick. Austral la, 6-1. 62, retired; 
Arnaud Boetscft (lei. France, det. Rvan 
Blake, united States. 4-2. 4-1 46. 

Lars Janssan. Sweden, del. Byran Block, 
Zimbabwe, 6-1 7-5, 64; Todd WoodbrlOa*. 


Baseball Owners 
Fail Once More to 
Pick Commissioner 

The Associated Press 

FORT LAUDERDALE Flori- 
da — The stymied major league 
baseball owners began meeting 
again Tuesday in their search for a 
new commissioner. 

Unable to agree on a candidate 
during a seven-hour meeting Mon- 
day that produced no evidence of 
progression, the owners revised 
Tuesday’s agenda to include the 
issue along with discussion of reve- 
nue sharing. 

The apparent finalists. North- 
western University's president Ar- 
nold Weber, and the UJ3. Olympic 
Comstittee executive director. Har- 
vey Schiller, need 21 votes from the 
28 owners to get the job. 

“Somebody said we can't even 
get 21 votes to go home," said Jerry 
Rdnsdorf of the Chicago White 
Sox. 

Among the issues discussed was 
the commissioner's authority over 
labor relations, according to a 
source familiar with the meeting 
who asked not to be identified. 

There is disagreement about 
whether ultimate authority should 
remain with management negotia- 
tor Richard Ravitch or be trans- 
ferred to the new commissioner. 

Some small-market owners have 
said they may uy to block selection 
of a commissioner if revenue-shar- 
ing isn't approved. 


Australia, def. John Sullivan, United State*, 6 
7 (67). 66. 76 (7-5). 64. 6-3; Jan Sumer Ink. 
Nattier lone*, def. Markus Zeecke. Germany, 
63. 7-6 (76), 61 4-3; Jacco Elttnoh, Nether- 
lands, art. Chrt* Gamer, united state* t-i-e-t- 
6-4; Thomas Muster (6), Austria del Robbie 
Weiss, united State*. 6-3. 63. 6J. Jared Palm- 
er, united States, del. David Prlaoslk Germa- 
ny. 67 (7-4), 66. 6), 61. B-& 

Alexander Mnnc. Germany, net. Paul Kih 
aerry, Australia, tel.6-2. 6-4; Janas Blarkmon. 
Sweden, net. Kenny Thome. United States. 3-1 
6-1 6-7 (3-7), 7-5. 6-2; MaliVai WasMntfon. 
United States, del. Michael Stkti (2). Germa- 
ny. 7-4 (7-4). 63, 36. Ir7; Andrei Cherkasov. 
Russia, det. Mark Woodtocdo. Australia. 6-1,2- 
6. 61, 76; Kenneth Co risen, Denmark, def. 
Darren CotiliL Australia, 61 W. 6X 36. 86; 
Rtenard Frambera- Australia del Patrick 
McEnroe. United Slates. M, 76 (7-0,6-44-4. 

WOMEN'S SINGLES 
Elena Makarova, Russia, def. Sandra Was- 
serman. Betalom, 4-4, 63; Kristie Booaerl. 
Netherlands, def. Manan Buiegraf. Nettier- 
tarxft.63.6J; Ima Garrocttaleoul. Argentina, 
def. K ristln Godridoe, Australia 44,63 ; Patty 
Fendlck. United States, def. Tina Krlzan. Slo- 
venia 6-4. 6-4; Amv Frazier, United States 
deL Elizabeth Smvlle. Australia 61, 3* 62: 
Meredith McGrath, United States, def. Larisa 
Nelland. Latvia 36. 66. 44. 

Rachel McQuillan. Australia del. Petra Rit- 
ter. Austria 61. 63; Pam Shrlver, United 




NBA Standings 


EASTERN CONFERENCE 
AttaaUcDMsIan 



W L 

pa 

GB 

Newt York 

25 9 

.735 

— 

Orlando 

20 14 

SS6 

6 

Miami 

16 17 

MS 

BVj 

Nm* Jersey 

15 20 

JCS 

WPr 

Phllodelptila 

15 21 

A17 

11 

Boston 

14 23 

378 

1ZVV 

Washington 

12 23 

Central Dtablen 

343 

13Vl 

Atianra 

H < 

JSH 

— 

Chlcaaa 

24 11 

886 

2 

marietta 

20 16 

.554 

6 Vi 

Ckvetand 

17 18 

486 

2 

Indiana 

15 18 

455 

10 

MIImuIew 

9 U 

357 

17 

Detroit 

8 26 

335 

17V5 

WESTERN CONFERENCE 
MMwast Division 



W L 

Pel 

GB 

Houston 

28 7 

-BOO 

— 

San Antonio 

26 12 

484 

3Vi 

Utah 

24 13 

449 

5 

Dmwr 

16 20 

444 

17VZ 

Minnesota 

12 23 

J43 

)6 

Dallas 

2 32 

PucHtc Division 

J099 

25W 

Seattle 

27 5 

344 

— 

Phoenix 

25 9 

335 

3 

Golden State 

20 14 

488 

6 

Portland 

21 15 

383 

1 

LA Clipper* 

12 22 

353 

It 

Sacramento 

12 23 

343 

Itta 

LA Laker* 

11 24 

314 

17V, 


MONDAY'S RESULTS 
Minnesota M 11 31 37— *1 

New York r M it js-tw 

M: Rider 613 76 2ft, M. Williams 614 6621. 
N.Y.: Ewtno 12-22 10-12 31 Stories 10-21 5-S 27. 
Rebounds— Minnesota 4) iLongler 8). New 
York S3 (Oakley IB). Assists— Minnesota IV 
tM. Williams 4), New York 28 I Stark* 11). 
Son Antonio 36 28 23 36—166 

WasMoatoa 34 M H 36- 17 

S: ElllsV-13 D-02B, Cummins* H45621.W: 
Gugllotta 7-13 36 17. MocLean 611 V-tO 17. 
Rebounds— San Antonio 52 (Rodman IV), 
Wash mgtan 32 (Goal lottos). Assist*— stmAn- 
i on Lots (Anderson 10), WasMnylnn 22 (Gwo- 
llotla Adam* 5). 


States. deL Laurence Cou riots. BeloUim.26.6 
1, 66; Debbie Graham, united States, del. 
Retinae Stubbs. Australia. 36. 7-5. 46; Con- 
chtla Martinez (31. Spain, cKf. Natalia Zver- 
eva Belarus, 5-7. 64. 63; Mary-Joe Fernan- 
dez (61. United States, del. Elly HakomL 
United Slates, 61 6-3; Jana Novotna (51. 
Czech Republic, def. Fong U. CNna, 61. 63. 

Nooka Sowamatsu. Japan. def. Michelle 
Jaotnrd-LaL Australia, M 61; Nan nr Dam- 
man. Finland, def. Radka zrabakavc. Slova- 
kia. 6167 (3-71, 7-5; Flerencia Labat. Argen- 
tina deL Virginia Ruano-Pascuol. Spain. 6 A 
61; Beate He lnu u d let. Austria, dot. Shaun 
Stafford, Untfed Stares. 62. 64; Anna Smasn- 
nova. Israel def. Ruxandra Draoamlr. Roma- 
nia, 62.60; Jane Taylor, Australia, def. Caro- 
line Vis. Netherlands. 62. 67 (67). 61 

Natalia Medvedeva. Ukraine, def. Nicole 
Muns-Jogermon, Netherlands. 7-5, 62; Go- 
brMa Sabatmi (41. Argentina, def. Sleohemle 
Rattler. Netherlands. 7-4 (7-31, 63; Gfgf Fer- 
nandez. United Slates, dot. Hooka Klllmuta. 
Jason. 61, 64; ToNano Ignatieva. Belarus, 
del. Magdalena Mraz, Poland. 61. 62; Sauna 
Aoael mans; Bela knn, def. Noel le Van Latium, 
FTonce. 67. 62. 34 retired. 

Magdalena Maleeva ( 14), Butgortc. del. San- 
dra Coda United states. 61 61.- Am Grose- 
man. United States, def. Nicole ArendL Unlled 
States. 67 (67). 63. 60; Mary Pierce (91, 
Franca, del Notalta Beudone. Italy, 62, o-i. 


Milwaukee 20 31 12 28—98 

Atlanta 17 27 48 18—183 

M: Baker 5-11 66 IS, Edwards 64 4-4 16 A: 
Wilkins 15-26 3-3 37. Blaylock 614 34 17. Re- 
DMWH -MHwrofcee 48 (Baku 9), Atlanta 50 
(winis it). AMists— Milwaukee 21 (Day 6). 
Atlanta 29 (Blaylock 13). 

PtilladaipMa 28 37 19 26- 21 

Chicago 27 32 S3 22—121 

P: Bradley 7-J24-4 jj. aarrm?-ll 0- 0 li. C; 
Ptppen 2-18 0-1 20. Armstrong 9-15 2-2 21. Re- 
bounds— Philadelphia 36 (Perry, Weaifler- 
spaon 61. Chicago «8 (Blauni 13). Assists— 
Phliadetahta IB (Barra* 61, Chicago zg (My- 
ers. Kukac. Kerr 71. 

Oriando 24 23 26 36-107 

Cleveland 28 27 22 38-114 

O: O'Neal 11-199-1 1 31. Hardaway 9-21 5423. 
C: Wilkins 9-17 64 26. Price ew 66 25. Re- 
Dottiid*— Oriando 42 (O'Neal iai.cieve<andM 
(Daugherty 16). Assists— Orlando 22 
(Hardaway 9), Cleveland 30 (Price 12). 
Utah 22 31 35 16-11)2 

□•trait 19 23 22 22—94 

U: K-Atolone lt-l* 6525,4. Maianc 161364 
25. D: Elliott 6105-6 18. Anderson 8- tl 7-1123. 
RetKKnMt— Utah 561 JC Malone 11), Demdl 44 
(Anderson 16). A WliU Utah 22 (StockonlO), 
Detroit 20 (Houston 5). 

Phoenix 23 24 3S 18—92 

Oetdea State 22 25 27 30— IW 

P; CebafiM 6)7 34 M, Green 7-Z1 34 17, 
Miller 7-11 04U.G: OweraB-173-4 19. Sprawel I 
616 841 ZLRebounds— Phoenix 56 (Green 12). 
Golden Stale 55 (Webber 12). Assists—Phce- 
nix 34 (Alnge 12). Golden state 31 (Owens B). 

Major College Scores 

EAST 

Brown 71 Navy 41 

Connecticut 88. Hartford 62 

Fordham 66. Colunibta 60 

Georgetown 57. Solan MaM 53 

Loyola MCL 70. St. Peter's 63 

Md.-Baittmore County Be, Coastal Carolina 5; 

NE Illinois tl. Cent. Connection Si. 73 

Penn 88. Lafayette 71 

Sknra 68. Niagara 74 

Tawson St. B4. Chartesian Sautnern 76 

Tray St. B4. Hetstra 79 

SOUTH 

Alabama UK Term. -Martin 66 
Appalachian 5f. ML Davidson 69 
Arkansas St. 76 Louisiana Tech « 

Austin Peov 85, E. Kentucky B1 
Campbell 74. NLC-Asheviiie 66 


able 10 be on my game. I did what I 
had to do to win the match." 

The eighth seed, Petr Rorda of 
the Czech Republic, who bad been 
one of the honest players on the 
tour, also was ousted, losing to 
Thomas Enqvist of Sweden, 6-3, 6- 
4. 7-6 (7-21. 

“I learn in my fife you are going 
very slowly up and you can go very 
fast down,” Korda said. 

Korda served 1 1 double faults 
and made 62 unforced errors as 
Enqvist, a tail right-handed teen- 
ager ranked 65ih in the world, won 
in less than two hours. 

Fourth-seeded Stefan Edbere, 
No. 6 Thomas Muster. No. 9 Toad 
Martin, No. 10 Magnus Gustafs- 
son, No. 12 Alexander Voikov, No. 
13 Wayne Ferreira and No. 16 Ar- 
naud Bcetsch all won first-round 
matches. 

The women’s second seed, 
Arantxa S&uchez Vicario, dropped 
only four games in her first-round 
match, and No. 10 Kimiko Date, 
the first Japanese player to be 
ranked in the world’s top 10, lost 
just two games in advancing. 

Na 3 Conchita Martinez, No. 4 
Gabriela Sabatini, No. 5 Jana No- 
votna, No. 6 Mary Joe Fernandez, 
Na 9 Maty Heine, and No. 14 
Magdalena Maleeva also won. 

Cheered on by raucous fans with 
painted faces, Edberg. the two-time 
champion who is bidding for his 
first Australian title since 1987, 
romped to*a 6-3, 6-0, 6-3 victory 
over Javier Sanchez of Spain. 

“It’s so much fun to play when 


Good In St. 75, Md.-E- Shore 60 
E. Tennessee SL at Furman, pad. i w atl m 
East Carolina 77, Fairflekf 65 
Florida A8.M at N. Carolina A&T, nod. 
Georgia Southern 83, VMI At 
Jackson St. 11A Alcorn St. 82 
Lamar 91, South Alabama 62 
Marabou S3, citadel 79. ot 
M areheod SL al Tennessee 5t. pod. w eu t ta w 
Maroon Si. 76 Detonare St. 63 
Murray St. 102. T en n e ssee Tech 91 
N.c-Graensboro S3. Wl nth rap 60 
N.c.MMImington 84, Old Dominion 79 
Richmond 85. william A Mary 63 
& Carolina St. in. Beltwnr-Cookmon 6A 01 
Southern Miss. 75. NE Louisiana 72 
Southern U. 91 Alabama St. B4 
Stetson 75. Fla. International 67 
MIDWEST 

HL-CWcasw n W. Illinois 66 
Kansas SL 66. Kansas 64 
N. Illinois 82. E. Illinois «l 
S. Illinois 81. CreWttan 67 
SE Missouri 99. Middle Torn. 77 
Valparaiso tX WrigM Sf. 59 
Wfe. -Green Bay 78. Clevetanfl SL 56 
WlSnMUwaufcee 83. Younastown SL 72 
SOUTHWEST 

Grambllng St, 99, prairie View 92, OT 
Miss, valley St 99, Texas Southern 97, OT 
Mississippi 38. Oral Roberts 66 
Taxas-ran American Sf. New Orleans 56 
FAR WEST 

Cal St.-Fullerton 7A Nevada 7D 
Colorado ICO. C5 Northridge 85 
New Mexico St. *5. UNLV 91, OT 
Pacific n. Long Beach Sf. 49 
San Jose 51. TL UC Santa Barbara 50 
UC indne 7& Utah St. 71 


World Cup Siding 

MEN'S CIA NT SLALOM 
Results Tuesday from Orans-Moofana, 
Swlfzerknxf: l, Jan Einar Thorson. Norway, 
two minutes, 3253 seconds; Z Mltla Kune, Slo- 
venta. 2:2253; 1 Rainer Satzseber, Awlrto 
2: 33Ai ; A Alberto Tomba, Italy, 2 J3J3; S, We- 
ill Andre AamodL Norway. 2:3380; A Dorn- 
hard Gstra In, Austria, 2: 33J5; 7, Steve Loctwr, 
Switzerland, 2:3445; & Marc GlrardeM. Luc 
emteurg, 2:3419; f, Franck PIccara. Pranas 
2:3425; 10, Guenther Mcder, Austria, 2:3434 


%*■'*'* •- : 

■ “ 

>v;/ 






Cbpoo Rt6deryA*mce FaaoPrtj** 

Michael Stich: “I didn't even know the score at times.' 1 


they’re screaming and shouting," 
Enqvist said. “Ifs like a soccer 
match. I think they help the Swed- 
ish players a lot." 

Still Gustaffson straggled past 
Roger Smith of the Bahamas, 3-6, 
7-3, 6-2, 2-6, 6-2, while Nidrlas 


Otaot Stataen stahritook: 1, Aamodt, 363; Z 
Christian Mover, Austria. 336; 3, phxanLJU; 
4, Fretfrik Nybera, Sweden. 284; S» Loctwr, 
2B0; A Mlchatl von Gruentgen, SwHzeritd. 
2BB; 7, Matter, 366; & Tobias Bomerasai, Ger- 
many. 253; 9, Jan Einar Thorsen. Norway. ZB; 
KL Tomba 234 

overall WarM Cop ataodlm (triler 21 
races): 1, Aamodt,83B points; ZMader. 652; 1 
Tomba 566; a GirardeiH, 523; & Timm 
Stonooa ss lnoer. Austria 405; AGdreln.374; 
7. Mayer. 373; B. Jura Knrir. Slovenia 361; 9. 
van Grwenlgea 358; la Thorsen, 348. 


mocker 


NHL Standings 

EASTERN CONFERENCE 
AltaoHc Divtstan 



W 

L 

T PtS «F GA 

NY Ranters 

29 

1* 

3 

47 

158 ?M 

New Jersey 

25 

15 

4 

54 

157 124 

Philadelphia 

23 

20 

3 

m 

165 168 

WtaMnatan 

28 

21 

4 

44 

144 137 

Florida 

18 

17 

8 

44 

120 120 

NY islanders 

17 

21 

5 

39 

153 IS 

Tampa Bay 

17 

25 

5 

32 

123 146 

Northeast Dftrtsioa 



pmshurgh 

22 

12 

10 

54 

IS 154 

Montreal 

22 

17 

7 

St 

144 ISO 

Boston 

20 

16 

8 

48 

149 137 

BuHato 

21 

20 

4 

46 

150 125 

Quebec 

17 

23 

5 

39 

149 161 

Harttard 

17 

26 

3 

37 

141 162 

Ottawa 

8 

35 

5 

21 

125 230 


WESTERN CONFERENCE 
Central DtvMoa 


Taranto 

Detroit 

Dallas 

5L Louis 

Chicago 

Winnipeg 


Calgary 
Vancouver 
Los Anwttes 
San Joe 
Anaheim 
Edmonton 


L T Pts OF OA 

14 7 61 163 13Z 

14 4 56 2B3 150 

78 7 53 166 153 

16 6 52 M3 143 

19 5 47 134 131 

26 5 32 148 in 


FOCMC DtvMoo 
a 17 7 

22 21 1 
18 22 4 


53 176 148 
45 142 146 
40 167 ITS 


CRICKET 


Sniff of Scandal 


ONDON — Italians live with soccer scandals -the way Califomans 


one, and 


arc able to 


Kulti downed Jean-Phfiippe Fleur- 
ian of France, 6-4, 6-2, 7-5. 

Musta' downed Robbie Weiss of 
the United Stares, 6-3, 6-3, 6-3, 
while Martin advanced with a 6-3, 
7-6 (7-3), 6-2 victory over Jaime 
Yzagaof Peru. 


MONDAY'S RESULTS 
Florida 1 1 8-2 

M. Y. lahmdars 1 I M 

Rrd Period-. F-Undsav 1 (Skradtanf); 

N. Y..Ferrara ? (Krupa HoouaJ. Second Peri- 
od: F-HuU 8 ( Skrudland) Jtotsoe goat: F (an 
HntalD) 7-12-S— 24. N.Y. (on Fitzpatrick) W- 
12-13—36. 

Detroit 1 3 3-6 

Tampa Bay 1 2 W 

* First Period: D-PHmeau l&UilT-Zn- 
tnuner 4 (Beroevln, Tucker), socoad Ferietf: 
T-Kltmo 18 (Grattan. Ctambersl: (eel. D- 
Konshrrttaov 7 IFedorav, Kratov); Ish) D- 
Stwppord 38 (McCarty): (or). D-Yzerman 8 
(Lkhtram. Sheppard); (pa). T-Hamrflk 2 
(Bureau. Gal tent). Third Period: D-Coftey 9 
(Udstrom, Shepoard); (pp). D-ShepponJ 22 
{ YZerman). Sbofsangeai: D (on Jabtonaicl) 7- 
TFV-27. T (on Owvektae) 4-5-7—19. 

Cataory » » J— « 

Son Jose 2 8 1—3 

First Period: &X-Ellk 8 (Folloan); SJ.- 
Odaera 7 (Elite. Erreyl; (PPI. C-Nteuwendyk 
28 (Atocimts, K earner) ; (Pp).TWnJ Period: 
G-NieuweMyk 22. S-l.-EHk 9 IFaOoan. Du- 
cJMene). Sbetsaogoal: C (on lrt») 7-UTS— 33. 
SJ. (on Trefllov) 9-+-1B-23. 

Hartford 1 t 1—3 

Mm 8 2 3— d 

First Period: M-PatrtckS (Vertxwk). Second 
Period: B-Bauraue n (Juneau, Wbrimri; (npl- 
B4tuw>e9 6 (Sweeney); ttverboek 23 (Sander- 
saa ZedaraW); (pp). TWrd Period: 5, Boston 
SmaUmkl in [Heirm, Hunhea}; H-Prea a 7 
(McCrimrmab Cuirmvwortti); B-Neefy 30 (Ju- 
neau); B-Danata I44en). Shots m goal: H (an 
BhM) tl-Sd-22. B (on Burke) 12-1548— «. 

WosWnotaB BOV-4 

Montreal * 1 V-6 

First Period: M-Deshedtns 8 (Petrov, Po- 
pavic); (pp). Second Period: M-Oamahaune 
18 (BeiloML Third Period: W-Khrisfldi 21 
(Koaawalctwfc, Jdmsm); AUMcnne 9 
(Midler. Brtsetwts). ghats on flood: W (an 
Roy) 4-6-14— 26. M urn Tabarocci) 11-9-15— » 


15 21 IB 40 123 14S 
18 Z7 2 38 U1 147 


FIRST TEST 

India n. Sri Lanka, FW Day 
Tuesday, m Locknaw, India 
India lot Innings: 269-3 (20 overs) 


rack up the threads as normal . , ,, 

It been a wfrile since aaruption camem the same breathasram 
the Italian word for soccer. But always we knew, or we suspected, mat 
there was movemcni beneath the surface. . . , „ 

The new epiceDter of Italian scandal has erupted m-Turm. 
alleged malpractices of the Torino dob’s president, GiamnaittO Borsano, 
threatea to take others down with him. Boraano js under judicial 
investigation; his fortune, his dub, his ethics are said to be ramkxupt. 

UEFA, The sport’s governing body in Europe, isjoaiangiawffia® 
that Torino provided prostitutes for the Belgian referee Gw Goetbg 
(who is the son of me former Olympaque Mareaue coac h) ana ms 
lipFsmCTi. Torino says there is some mistake; the lames were interpreters. 

But as magistra les pore over Torino’s records, Borsano has jwwtedty 
confessed to operating a slush fund from which he siphoned off mto 
numbered Swiss accounts large per- IB _ MIBHHMHM Minra«ranNwni 
centages of fees received for players Ro|» if * # 
sdd by the dub. One .transfer inwcd rod Hu _| ms 

a golden hope of. Italian wingplay, I ^ 

fi innljiig i lairini. ATTegpdly. the true . . • 

price Borsano extracted from AC Milan for L en ti ni was S20 mrnion, 
some SS million of which was paid undo 1 the counter. 

AC Mfian’s owner. Sflvio Bedusconi, will scoff al miy impropriety with 
Torino. And Lentini is on a Wgb, rediscovoing tte air?)le joy (rf^aymg 
a gora after surviving horrendous head injuries in a car crash. Last 
Sunday, he managed six rohr™*** as a substitute for MSan, six priceless 
minutes after which be said: “The ao cadent still flashes before Sty eyfcs. 
but 1 will soon time mysdf into being the sort of person who has looked 
death in the face and is happy to be afive to teD the tale." 

Life is tbellist bonus. The next is to work toward a high summer with 
Italy’s team at the^ Worid Ctip. Lentini, if fit in mind and body, will be thee. 
So will Dino Baggio, sold by Torino to Juventus. So would any covered 
player who has passed through Torino's buying and seffing machine. 

Italy, never ftnget, is the nation that, in 1982, amnestied Facto Rossi 
from prison so the convicted match fixer could score the goals that won 
that Worid Cup. Ffllara of industry may fall, but soccer is umouchabte. 

Kit England, straight-laced and proprietous, becomes awfully embar- 
rassed at the suspicion of scandal Tbis old dame may have been kft out 
of the forthcoming ball, but die clings to her presumed innocence. 

Yet England’s football association is an the brink. An anno un ce m e n t is 
supposed to be inumnent concerning the courtship of Terry Venables as 
the national team's new coach. . 

Venables has England’s knickers in a twi st The FA, embarrassed by 
comments abroad, such as those by FIFA’s general secretary, Sejpp 
Blatter, caffing F-n giami 30. years behind the time*, fancies Venables as 
the coach most likely to redirect the playing fartones. 

His wiles and humor, his experience az ooi&ing Barcelona to s Spanish 
championship and Ms ability Lo motivate players, ore credentials without 
peer in England. He is also available and wants the job. - 

So why the delay? The FA, ted by Sir Bert M3Bchip> a 79-year-old 
retired lawyer, is wracked by indecision. It wants Venables bat fears lain. 

The FA is wrestling with a dilemma which may be insoluble. It deems 
Venables to be the bat qualified football man, but cannot be sore he ifr 
dean. He was sacked as Tottenham Hotspur’s chief executive last 
summer and, in the fall, was accused in two television doormen taries of 
financial irregularities inside and outside soccer. ! 

A TRIBUNAL for England’s Premier League is trying to get to the- 
bottom of the alteganons, which arose oat of the dash of egos 
between two London eastcadera — Venabtes and the man who fired bnn, 
Tottenham’s chairman, Alan Sugar. 

Sugar, who rose from batrow boy to rnnlo-tmtlkwtair e teteviskm satellite- 
dish and coxopatec salesman, cunts into soccer al Venables’ invitation. His. 
money, and Venables’ acumen, were to save the destitute dub. But they fdl. 
out and in High Court, where Venables contested his sacking, Sugar 
dedared, foctbaU indnstty 1^ been riddled with corraption.^ 

His finger pointed to Venables, and to the company Venables kept, 
iwrindhig a personal ftnandar arivker who hfls gnne bankrupt 40 rimes 
o'Kx a d soccer agc»ts, tfac shadowy middle meo. at the tranrfer market 
This Tuesday, Sugar was asked to expiam himself and his dab’s alleged 
involvement in improper payments to agents and tax avoidance. Twenty- 
four hours earlier, Mnhcmp had boldly said that his investigations had 
led to no proof of the ^media" insinuations against Venables. 

The FA, declared its ancient leader, would be “bitterly disapporated” if 
Venables were not installed as team manager by the we&end. Bat, within 
hours the financial Times, not known for taking legal risks, rana hugely 
condemning investigative report on Venables' tangled business affairs. 

Its authors bad been employed on the BBC Panorama probe four 
months previously. They restated virtually eyay allegation or band and 
financial impropriety, indndiug die accusation that Venables obtained 
almost $1.5 million to buy Tottenham shares by making false declara- 
tions of assets. 

He has denied these allegations. His threat to sue Panorama is, so far, 
unserved. But now not only the BBCs lawyers, but those of the Financial 
Tunes, are sticking to their story. 

The same old story,” Venables said Tuesday in reaction. And then the 
dd Venables line that “people are trying to cast me asaidippery Cockney, 
a fraud and a croak.’' 

The FA has to decide. It has, in effect, to gamble on Venables’ word, or' 
to seek oat the next best candidate. Catch 22. 

Rob Hvghats an the stag of The Ttem. 


jit 



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Ik- 


DENNIS THE MENACE 




PEANUTS 

OK NO i I LEFT MV 00 YOU THINK THE 6U5 { /MAYBE, IF HOU 

, lunch on the curb., driver would torn g asked him j 

1 AROUND AND 60 BACK #1. NICELY A 

’ J° 1 C00LZ> 657 n l - ; 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 


HEY.MAC! 








i S 


WIZARD of ID 


‘tVEWTHINfi WE AWE IS SOSWPU 
WAT A CHILD MM OPERATE IT.' 


























INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1994 



Page 17 


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«»fina«l tow. Hairimg lecdrcd 
?> ?* Mtetotate® S13,«7? since 1989. 
questioned Tuesday bythetostncf - Izr aldUkuL ibc-coanntttec said. 

-'*** 8* town fioi prfratetomara, 


fund and her fanner i»»« h »» n <* 
toeartadcan rival Nax* Kmrigan. 

NBC News, quoting Sourocy ih 
Portland, reported that amhoriocs. 
have hank and wire transfer re- 
cords that could tie GiUodly to the 
three men already charged in tire 


tmanwr, .a- US OC vice president 
who owns the New York Yankees. 

. Hoevet maintained -that, both 
Hiding and GiUooJy are innocent, 
but acknowledged that his client 
'^hw'andnervtxew'T .. 

who has reconciled 


^SS^ASS^f £?*“* “»y ^ Hording since 4htir divorce 
C0 ®" M , hodygoattl Shawn Efik- "last year, has said that Ecfcardt act- 
antf a dann that Gffloaly financed ed cm ins own in the attack and was 


the attack. 

R» Hoevet, GfllootyV lawyer, 
said- Gfltody had paid Ecfcanit 
S3.500 a few hoars after the attack 
because Hanfing was “very freaked 


really Harding's 
Biita letter |»poode<% written 

head surfaced Monday and said,in 
p^ '^e have engaged ihe protec- 


aifl Portland at the tone, then tnnnerous occasions both national- 


fcr,a ** 

’ r lirr^\ 
' -Z^rC. 


flew to Dctrritto join Harding , 

Hoevet said. $3,000 of toe pay- 
meat —r for.bqdygbard services m 
Portland suid for anupoommg ap- 
pearancejn Fakfax, Virginia, that 
Harding cancded — came out of 
her funds- with 4he. U.S Figure 
Skating Association.. The other 
$5WvrasincadL‘“ .. 

“It was a k^timate payment,” 
Hoevet sakL^Tbis was the only 

Shaitt Mmcnka Slant, the man 
accused of. striking Kerrigatfs ies, 
appeared before a judge in Phoenix 
and agreed not to extradition 
loOiigaiL 

Harmhg practiced agwn early in 
tfcemonting. Asked at the driveway 
to her home whether her w-hns- 
hand would be arrested,she said, 
“N 6 i Wsnot^ ■ .. - ■.* 

In Detroit, the Wayne County 
John O’Hair, told the 


Free Ptess be 8ti0 did not 
have “one scrap orshred of en- 
dencc that Tonya Harding was rn 
anyway invdvedv” • 7 - . 

NBC said it had anfinsed a 
report in The Oregonian newspa- 
per that investigates suspect 
looly used awie money, draiated by 
Harding’s supporters to finance her 
skating, to pay for the attack. • 
Harding received almost 533,000 
over the last five years in grants toad 
gifts iron athlete, assistance funds 
and private dcaior 8 , offidaIs saM_ 


ly and abroad- He is a capable and 
effective presence.” 

Thcletta, attached to Edcardfs 
resum 6 , was produced by Keith 
Lowe, anmdqjendent security co- 
radmatar Fcf the motion picture 
industry in Portland. : 

“He almost rained my career” 
Lowe said, adding that Eckardt- 
“proposed sabotaging another se- 
curity company, someone who beat 
ns out of a job, nod I just got away 
from him. He wasted to sneae for 
hreadj of contract, then he was 
waiting ou£sidc nj> r apartment all 
night ** . 

Xowc said he received the letter 
from Gflkxdy last February, and 
behoved it was legitimate after 
. meeting Gfltooiy andHartfing with 
Eckardt (AF, AFP) 

■ Ttdmfl and Dean Tca3ing 

H» comdiack hopes of Jayne 
TorviD and Christopher Deair were 
dealt -a Wow Tuesday as tlaery 
trailed -the wodd eham 

any aftertheppanng rounds of 1 


Norway, Again: 
Thorsen Takes 
Giant Slalom 




ArcaaJa TransTlt AucoMti Proa 


Jim ffrnar Tlwrsen, with Ids first victory in a World Cop giant slalom race, gave Norway's men their third triumph in a week. 


Compiled by Ow Staff From Dispatches 

CRANS-MONTANA, Switzer- 
land — Jan Einar Thorsen won his 
first World Cup giant slalom Tues- 
day and gave Norway, host of next 
month's Winter Olympics, its third 
triumph in a week in men’s skiing. 

Thorsen, belter known as a 
speed racer, overtook first-run 
leader Rainer Sahgeber of Austria 
to win in a combined time of 2 
minutes. 3183 seconds. Thorsen 
was second after the first beat. 

Mitja Kune, among the surging 
new generation of Slovenian skiers, 
came in second, .10 behind Thor- 
sen with a career best. 

“I was a little nervous in the 
second leg.” said the obviously de- 
lighted Kune, 22. H 1 decided to ski 
solidly and not take any risks." 

Saizgeber, third at 2:33.44, re- 
mained winiess on the World Cup 
ciicmL 

Two-time Olympic giant slalom 
champion Alberto Tomba of Italy 


Sweden 9 s Wiberg: When Skiing, Never Say Never 


ra 


• j^^^lrrTT^t 

0400 2703 


Maya Usova and Alexander 
Zhulin of Russia led the competi- 
tion after the two compulsory 
dances. Torvill and Dean, a sur- 
prising third after the first dance, 
wpre tied for second with- Russia's 
' Oksana Gritstiuk and Evgeni Pla- 
tov after the second dance. ; 

;Tbecompnlsorydancesootmt20 
perceat toward thc total score. The 

oedonat dance, worth 30. peraait, 
wju be skated Thursday with' the 
an a JT 5fefe‘gaDbcrtm FiBMty:" -r'-- 
■ : TrafitiraoaBy, the coupk that 
wins the first compulsory dance 
goes on to win tine competition. 


By Ken Shulman 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

CORTINA D'AMPEZZO, Italy — You 
can see it in the way she leaves die starting 
gate. Yen can see it when she charges 
through the gates. And you can see it when 
she skates desperately for the finish fine at 
the end of every ran. 

; Pemilk Wiberg skis to win. 

“I would like to win. every race I enter,” 
said Wiberg, a 23-year-old Swede, who is the 
current Wodd Cop overall leader. Tt would 
be hard far me to ski any other way. I can’t 
understand some skiers who go to the Starl- 
ing gate thwiking they'll be satisfied with 
15th place.” _ 

Since joining the Wodd Cap tour in 1989, 
Wiberg has become one of its most dynamic 
and endearing acts. In 1991, she burst into 
the top ranks when she won the giant slalom 
at the Wodd Championships in Saalbach, 
Austria. The following year, at the 1992 
Winter Olympics in Albertville, she won a 
gold medal in the giant slalom, leaving the 
second-place finisher nearly a second be- 
hind. 

It is not somnch that she wins as it is the 
way die wins that makes Wiberg such an 
appealing athlete. She skis with a combina- 
tion of innocence and determination that 
setsher mart from her rivals. 

Switzerland’s Yrcni Schneider has a more 
elegant, classic, upright style. Anita ^ Wachter 
of Austria is smoother in the flats. But no 


one on the women’s tour exudes the raw, 
sun-Hc energy that animates Wiberg is com- 
petition. From her warmup to her finish, she 
approaches every race as if it were both her 
tost and last chance to excel 

“I enjoy competition, and I enjoy racing” 
she said, a pure, unbridled smile on her face. 
“It's important that I enjoy it. I couldn’t 
keep on doing it otherwise.” 

Tins year, Wiberg is off 'to her best start 
ever, having woo two slaloms and Monday's 
soper-G, a title she share d with Alenka Dov- 
zan, a 17-year-old Slovene. And with 90S 
points is the overall World Cup stanefings, 
she has taken a 66 -point lead oyer Wachter, 
the defending champion- Schneider is third. 
162 points behind Wiberg. 

Saxmd runs have became WTberg’s show- 
case, allowing her to rally to victory in two 
slaloms — from ninth place in Veysonnaz 
and from eighth in Moraine. 

Always Strang in the technical specialties, 
Wiberg has improved markedly in the speed 
events. Until this season, her best saper~G 
performance had been a 13th place at Santa 
Catcrioain 1991. "nnsyear, she has finished 
sixth, fifth and first in three races. She is 
even picking up points in the downhill, an 
event for which she started training only two 
years ago. 

“1 always had my mind set an being the 
best all- around skier on the tour,” she said. 
■“And I was sore of being able to do it. Even 
as a child, I looked forward to being at the 


top. It’s important 10 have a goal in front of 
you.” 

Wiberg’s performance this season is even 
more remarkable considering that her doc- 
tors were not even sure whether she would be 
able to race this year. 

“Last January, 1 was skiing at Maribor in 
a slalom, and I hit a hump while coating 
through a gate,” she recalled **I went to set 
up for the next gate, but I had no power to 
turn my skL I thought my binding had come 
off.” 

Pulling out of the course, Wiberg was 
surprised when saw that her boot was still 
firmly attached to her ski. Back at her hotel 
room, her trainer discovered that her Achil- 
les tendon had been severed. Flown back to 
Sweden, Wiberg had surgery the following 
day. 

The surgeon said that her season was 
definitely over, and that she might be able to 
recover in time to compete this season. 

In the late spring, Wiberg began her reha- 
bilitation. She worked with weights, rode a 
bicycle and wore a special flotation vest that 
permitted ha to run in the water. 

In August, she stepped back into a pair of 
boots and took a few careful, leisurely nms 
down a ski slope: She was not even able to 
run when she returned to competition at the 
season-opening giant slalom in November, a 
race that she failed to finish. 

Yet one mouth lata, she finished sixth in 


the supa-G at Santa Caterina, putting 10 
rest her doctors’ concerns that ha newly 
attached tendon might not withstand the 
strain of high-velocity racing . The next day, 
she finished third in the giant slalom. In 
December, she won at Veysonnaz. She has 
since addled two more victories, to bring ha 
career total to eight 

**1 was never really sad or discouraged 
over the summer,” she said. “I’d hurt my 
knee in 1989, and I knew what it was like to 
have to work my way back into shape. There 
were a few setbacks this time, but most of 
the time the recovery went according to 
schedule.” 

Wiberg is looking forward to the Ltile- 
h anrrm er Olympic Games next month. 

*Td like to tike another gold there,” she 
said. “Especially in slalom. You have to 
plan, to chart out your course in the other 
events. Slalom is more instinctive. You just 
ski on reding.” 

This could also be the year when the 
World Cup statistics demonstrate that Wi- 
berg has attained ha goal of becoming the 
world’s best all-around skier. 

“Winning the World Cup is obviously an 
important goal,” she said. “But you have to 
remember that it’s only January. The stand- 
ings will be up and down all season. If you 
start thinking about your position in the 
World Cup, you are afraid to go all out 
because you might lose points if you falL It's 
more important to ski to win.” 


skied the fastest second ran but bad 
to settle for fourth place, .90 be- 
hind. He has won two races this 
season, both slaloms. 

Kjetii Andre Aamodi of Nor- 
way, the reigning giant slalom 
world champion, finished fifth and 
widened his lead in the overall 
points race and the giant slalom 
standings. 

He and teammate Lasse Kjus 
hoisted a beaming Thorsen onto 
their shoulders in celebration. 

“With my good result in the gi- 
ant at Val d’lsere I had the feeling 
that I was on the way up,” Thorsen 
said. 

Tomba, who said that be was still 
be troubled by “a bout of influenza 
and coQtmmhg pains in my left 
thigh,” added that “1 do not think 1 
should be the considered favorite 
for the giant in Lillehammer. 

“1 think my chances are better in 
the slalom, although I would like 10 
win both,” be said. “I am now go- 
ing to rest for two weeks and get 
back to top form with tr aining .” 

Thorsen. 27, won the bronze 
medal in the super-g at the 1992 
Olympics, His only other World 
Cup victory was in a super-giani 
slalom two seasons ago. 

This season's seventh giant sla- 
lom was the last on the tour before 
□ext month's Winta Games. 

And Norway's male skiers seem 
to be peaking, with four World Cop 
triumphs since Jan. 9. 

Kjus won a combined last week- 
end based on his performances in a 
downhill and a slalom at Kitzbii- 
hd, Austria. Aamodi, shooting for 
his first overall title, won the giant 
slalom last Tuesday. 

He now has 832 pdnts, a lead of 
ISO over GOntber Matter of Aus- 
tria, who finished 10th Tuesday. 

Aamodi has 362 giant slalom 
points, 26 more than Austria’s 
Christian Maya. 

• Slovak officials said Tuesday 
they will bid for the 2002 Winta 
Olympics, offering the eastern High 
Tatra mountains as the primary site. 

Vladimir Cernusak, chairman of 
the Slovak Olympic Committee, 
said in Bratislava that a prelimi- 
nary application would be sent to 
the International Olympic Com- 
mittee by Jan. 24. 

A successful bid “will get rid of 
Slovakia's inferiority complex,” 
said Jan Magac, mayor of the east- 
ern city of Foprad, which would 
probably serve as the central venue. 

(AP. Reuters) 


No, 1 Kansas Im 9 t 
The Best in Its State 


TlarAs*adqiedJPmi':'l ; 
Playing its first game since being 
voted No.1, Kansas proceeded to 
botch things bnt good. ■ 

With hs lop scorer knocked out 

and its second-leading scorer in a 
shooting Tank , the Jaybawks lost, 
68-64, Monday night to visiting 
Kansas State in raw of college bas- 
kohalTs oldest rivalries. 


tag, the Jayhawks’ 7-footer, had a 
weak game and efid not play the last 
17 TT " Tni *” t 

Kansas tied af 64-64 with 43,6' 
seconds to go an a 3-poimer by 
Sean Pearson, but the Wildcats’ 
point guard, Anthony Beane then 
dribbled off as- much of the shot 
dock as be dared before driving to 

■ tfre mid dle nfthe lane and nrnfcnig a 


It May Be a Whitbread Dead Heat 

SOUTHAMPTON, England (AP) --The third leg of the Whitbread 
■Round the Wodd Rare appeared Tuesday to be headed fra the yachting 
equivalent of a photo finish, with just eight nautical miles separating the 
tost four boats; 

Winston, skippered by Dennis Conner, continued to lead the fleet as it 
sailed the Tasman Sea for Auckland New Zealand, but the American 
yacht's oncewommanding lead had been cot to one ntile by the European 
yacht Intrant Justitia. 

The Japanese-New Zealand entry Yamaha, in second place earlier in 
the day, had dropped to third, but only two nuks off the lead. The 
Japanese-New Zealand boat ToJdo was fourth. 

The first four boats are aB Whitbread 60s. The leada in the maxi class, 
New Zealand Endeavor, was fifth overall, 24 miles adrift of Winston. 


Japan to Allow More Foreign Horses 

f«r tiw final - *----■ 1 to open its five dassic races to 

Japan Raring Assoda- 


GOUEGE BASKETBAUL 


team tins season, to take the top 
spat in the polls. - J - ‘ 

The Jaybawks lost Richard Scotl 
early after he was kneed in the 
forehead by a te a m mate. Scott, av- 
eraging 153 points a game and 
Kansas’ main inside player, was 
t«Ven to tbc hospital with a possi- 
ble concussion. .. . 

Steve Woodbeny, averaging 15.4 
points, made just 2 of II shots and 
finished with eight points. Wood- 
beny did not have a fidd goal in 
the first half and could not make a 
3-pointer .in seven tries, 

Kansas, which had been outre - 
bounding its opponents by an aver- 
age of more than seven a game, was 

outrebounded 44-32. Greg Osrer- 


throws fra the final margin. 

_ “ItoIdthekidsIapckmze,”smd 
the Jaybawks* coadv.Roy Wfi- 
liams. ?I did apooir job of coaching 
die last three or four minutes: Fvc 
always said I'm not going to.kt the 
other team stand out there and 
dribWetirndodcuway. We should 
have tkmWe-teamed him or ran at 
hanjV 

■ Adda Jones scored 26 for Kan- 
sas Stale (12-3, l-2VandBeanehad. 
ML Pearson led. Kansas with 15 
points. _ 

Noi;19Ccwmwfo*8Klfaiiord. 
62: Ray ABen scored 18 of his car 
reo-high 28 points in. the second 
half ana Don^ Marsbafl fimshed 
-with 23 joints fra host Connecticut 
(tSrl). Hartford (7-5) came in. with 


TOKYO (Reuters) — 
foreign horses, prcWbly in 1997, an 
tion said Tuesday. 

Horses bred abroad are banned from the five big-money classics to 
protect local teredos. But in 1992, the JRA. responding to foreign 

toiftoS cA 12 races by 1^. Spart from the 3-yea-ted^a^^anotha 
five rarer have been opened from this year. The prestigious Japan Cup 
has been open for some years. 

The JRA had also derided to ease curbs oo foreign jockeys raring in 
Japan. The official said riders conld obtain a license valid for up to three 
months under rertam conditions, notably guarantees of work. 

For the Record 

German and Engfish soccer officials will meet ^ Wednesday to determine 
whether to »o ahead with a match between their national teams cm April 
20, Adolf EMer’s birthday, despite threats from neo-Nazi troublemakers. 


the German federation said. 


Spurs' 

Bui BuDets Suffer a W)rse Blow 



The Associated Pros 

The San Antonfo ^Spurs should, 
have, been thrilled after wanting 
iheir sixth straight They weren’t, 
and the-WatinngtoQ Bullets, frit 
pvenwoffSe. 

- Both teams had. jtimty to tret 
over after losing tiair highest-*** 
mg players to hgraies Monday 
night in a game won by San Aoto- 
trio, W0-87. ^ I". " 

. Di^Rotenson^the^niis cen- 
ter who is second in Jeagne m 
Scoring at 27,8 pa- game, hurt, his 
knee m warmups arid, ended a 
string 119. consecutive games 
played. - • - 

F t ■ Rea Chapman, leading the Bul- 
lets in scoring at 38.9, per game, 
/ dislocated his snide. -and '.w® be. 
>■’ stddmcd op to 10 weete 

‘Tdrai’ttawwhatl^d tort," 
s : v ‘ y gsM- “fetire vnunay be~‘- 

> y: ■ ^foreilHigame,ImadcaC[OK±tura 
Snd frit an mawfible panL” '. 
k chapman wgs injaxed when be 
v*JTpcd an Dennis RodmnnsfoOt 
'/ a * jmfe driving tijr-fant Doctors 
s '/x«d the ankk in a splint 


Tory Gomnrings led the 
Witii2 l pcHauL whole Rodman 
‘ twopointsahd 19 itfconnds. 


Spurs bdd WariringUm to 
m- all- time Erandnsc low of 23 re- 
: bounds, three sbctft of an all-time 
NBA rated for fewest imt gam 
. : Bdb HI, 76ers 91: Chicago ran 
its . home winning-- streak to H 
games, with Horace. Grant on the 
J*ndtwihasoreb»e,b^ 

, NBAfflCBLIGHTS 

-it' 

entering toe fourth: B J. 
finished whh 2 t points, 
^cottie Pqtpen had 20 indiBDl 
Womtogton 18 in Ihe BuHs’ most. 

.rfaying at home, gamed a 
edge over Seattle (16-1) for -best 
homecourt leccvd in the NBA <17- 
1). Dominique TOraif matched las 
season^i^t with 38 points, getting' 
16 m tire dtirf period, ; 

- AraJIR Pistons 5MI: Detroit, at 
home, lost its 13th. straight, rare 


shou of the franchise record as 
Utah fed by 30 points entering the 
fourth quarter, Karl Malone had 25 
points and 11 rebounds and was 
one assist abort of a triple-doable. 

CaraBers H4, Magic 107: Cleve- 
land a 13-potnt lead with 3:35 left, 
bhtShs?pi& (TNeaJ led a 13-0 ran 
that tied the score before Mark 
Price sank a tie-breakbg 3-pointa 
with a rnhoae left and Gerald Wfl- 
Jbns trade, two fool toots to beat 
^ visiting Ontanda 

. . CTNcai had 31 prints and Anfer- 
nee Hardaway added 23 for the 
Magic. 

Warriors 104, Sods 99: In Oak- 
land, it came down to the final 12 
seconds: Labdl %»eweHmade two 
free throws into 11.8 seconds left 
to pto Golden State up by 3, then 
DmMajerietoteanaiibanfrom3- 
pornt range five smmds laer. 

Bally Owens added a dank at the 
buzzer for tire final mar^n as 
Golden State won its 


to 


mg steak to tire Suns 

Nov. 28, 1992. 


(AP) 

the uniforms and 
wardrobes of Italian soccer players 
fra the Wodd Cop in the United 
States ""tie* - an agre emen t signed 
Tuesday. (AP) 

Boris Becker, the three-time 
Wimbledon champion, became a 
first-time faiha when Ids wife, Bar- 
bara, gave birth to a son in Munich. 

“Mother and child are both 
wriV* the father sakL . (AP) 

Helen Stephens, 75, the winner 
of two gold medals in track in tire 
1936 Games in Berlin and one of the 
g^fentafeathlotos of her day, died 
after a stroke in Sl Louis. (AP) 

Quotable 

• CW, Nevius of the San Fran- 
cisco Qffotnde: “It was just 10 
years ago that the Coliseum (in Los 
Angeles) was being spruced op to 
showcase 100 white grand paste 
for (he opening ceremony of tire 
1984 Summer Olympics. Now it 
lories like a good spot for a gay 
with a harmonica and tin cop." 

• JUry Sorensen, toe forma 
pitcher who is now a broadcaster, 
waxing nostalgic about Cleveland 
Stadium: “! remember the wet, the 
orid and tie stench when die sew- 
ers backed up * 

• Jeremy Nau, a Note Dame 
linebacker, asked to name his most 
memorable sporting event “The 
egg toss in Cob Scouts.” 


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Page lit 



OBSERVER 


Zounds, Kill That Call 


By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — Great news 
from my telephone company! 

It came in the last phone biU. “Im- 
portant Notice," it said. “Thank 
God!” I cried. “At last!" 

My wife's face, careworn and ex- 
hausted from endless days and 
nights of trying to persuade tete- 
p hone-company salesmen that we 
did not want to abandon our current 
telephone company and hire then 
■—yes, that dear but careworn wifely 
face looked for all too brief a mo- 
ment young and vibrant once again 
as it had looked in days of yore 

before the telephone ware began. 

She spoke: “By my troth, good 
husband, say quickly if they prom- 
ise to end their telephonic unpor- 
tunings, thus granting us surcease 
of salesmen offering suspiciously 
low rates on long-distance calls to 
places we never call forsooth.” 

□ 

She started talking this way a 
year ago. Originally, she hoped it 
would throw telephone-company 
salesmen off their spied if they 
thought they had crashed ihrough a 
time warp and reached a woman in 
the Elizabethan Age. Realizing that 
the telephone still hadn't beat in- 
vented in those days (she rea- 
soned), they would then hang up 
without the usual attempt to make 
her change companies. 

Alas, I said. This was merely 
good news, not a miracle. 

“Giveth it to me, straight from 
the shoulder" she said. 

“Our decision not to buy ute 
telephone company's Caller ID ser- 
vice is now completely vindicated!” 
] cried. 

“Surely thou kiddeth.” 

"Listen and learn,” said T. “If 
this Important Notice is to be be- 
lieved — and sure it must be, else 
why would it be yclept ‘Important 
Notice’? — then our telephone 
company is now helping callers to 
prevent their own numbers from 
being displayed on the Caller ID 
boxes people bought for the pur- 
pose of finding out what number 
was ringing them up.” 

“Zounds!” she cried. “/is a 
miracle of telephonic cancellation. 
First the phone company provi- 
ded people the means to learn the 
caller's number, then it provided 
the oilier with the means to pre- 
vent people from learning his 
number.” 


“And it's so ample;” I said. Tf I 

don't want some nosy Caller ID box 

tipping off its owner to my {done 
number, I simp ly punch 67, or 1167 
if Tm using a rotary-dial phone. 

“My call then rings into Mr„ or 
Mrs., or Miss, or Ms. Nosy who 
thinks he nr she’s got the old Caller 
ID all ready to record my number. 
But the laugh’s on them, Wife, be- 
cause if I’ve punched 67, the only 
thing dat appears on Caller ID is 
the word ‘Private’ or the letter 'P.' ” 

“O brave new world, that has 
such genius in ’t,” she said. “But 
hath the wretched sap, she who bad 
paid the telephone company for its 
Caller ID service, no recourse 
against that company for making a 
useless mockery of tier purchase?” 

Sometimes I suspect my wife of 
playing the innocent just to keep me 
armna-ri Surely she knew our tele- 
phone company better than that. 

It was not the kind of telephone 
company that, haring sold Caller 
ID service to help its customers 
scare off breathers and other such 
sexual harasses, would sell another 
device to neutralize this protection 
without providing yet another way 
for Caller ID customers to compete 
against the company’s new Caller 
ED neutralizer. 

□ 


I read as follows from the Impor- 
>: "Caller ID subscribers 


tant Notice. - 

can choose not to receive tails from 
people who block the display of 
their number. By dialing 77, (or 
1177 on a rotary phone), Caller ID 
subscribers can activate Anony- 
mous Call Rejection.” 

And at no extra charge! 

“After activating the service, you 
wQl hear an announcement telling 
yon that callers who wish to speak 
with you must unblock their num- 
bers in order for your telephone to 


ring. If you do not activate the 
service, all calls will ring your tele- 


phone. To de- activate Anonymous 
Call Rejection, simply dial B7 (or 


] 187 on a rotary phone), 
this make 


“Doth this make sense,” asked 
my wife, “or doth our telephone 
company do such thing s in obedi- 
ence to some vice president for ridic- 
ulous ideas, whotnof we know not?” 
What do I care? Tm too happy 
about not haring bought Caller ID 
in the first place, tints saving us 
both from the toil of mastering yet 
another batch of numbers. 


New York Tima Service 


Cousin Bobby, an Actor With a Pulpit 


By David Gonzalez 

New York Tima Service 


XTEW YORK — In his career as an 
IN Episcopal! 


_ . _ r __ r _ priest, the Reverend Robert 
Castle has buried himsdf eagerly into the 
fray — whether befriending and supporting 
WaHr Panthers in Jersey City, New Jersey, 
demonstrating against the Vietnam War in 
Washington or agitating fa social justice in 
Harlem. 

His defiant refusal to compromise his 
beliefs has earned the outspoken 64-year- 
old cleric both accolades and arrests. “At 
my age,” he said, in thedunered rectory of 
his Harlem church, “I don’t have ray hesi- 
tation about anything anymore.” 

Well, there was the matter of kissing 
Joanne Woodward. 

You see, Castle, better known as Cousin 
Bobby from the title of J ona t h a n Demme's 
1992 documentary about him, appears in 
Demme's new movie, “Philadelphia,” as 
Tom Hanks’s father. Bud Beckett — and 
Joanne Woodward’s husband. 

One scene called for Castle to kiss 
Woodward during the Becketts' 40th anni- 
versary party, and Demme admitted it 
required a bit of coaxing to nudge him 
over his shyness. 

Recalling the scene, which was eventu- 
ally cut from the film, Castle became un- 
characteristically flustered. “It was just 
a . . be began, then paused. “I guess I 
did. Period.” Another pause, a weak smile 
and a wave. *Tm an old man now.” 

Viewers of “Cousin Bobby” know that 
rdnctance is a word not often assoc i ated 
with Castle, a hulking man with a stubbly 
pate and wire-rim glasses. ‘Tin shy about 
some thing s. But issues of social justice I'm 
not shy about” Indeed, angered by New 
York City’s refusal to installa stoplight at 
a dangerous intersection near his church, 
he his congregants haul the altar from 
the sanctuary and gleefully celebrated 
mass in the street 

Appalled by the rampant drug use and 

salwt tfcri many lives in his commUr 

nxty, he spoke like a man possessed at a 
rally in 1989, accusing the city’s power 
structure of condoning nothing less than 
genocide. 

Demme said the idea of casting Castle 
— who really is his cousin — as the rather 
of a young lawyer who is wrongly dis- 



The Reverend Robert Castle, cousin of filmmaker Jonathan Demme, is Joanne Woodward’s husband in “Philadelphia” 


missed from his job because he has AIDS 
originated with Ron Nyswaner, the 
screenwriter. Demme said Nyswaner had 


arrange a screening of “Cousin 

Shy” at an upstate New York festival 

and had been impressed with Castle's 
commitment and spunk. “I probably 
would have been afraid on a nepotism 
levd," Demme said “But since someone 
else had suggested it, it’s O. K.” 

Castle, who said he is easily bored, 
seized the chance to read for the part, even 


if he was a tittle unsure about his acting. 
“In getting this part I had confidence in 
my role because I knew Mr. Demme 
wouldn’t put something on the screen 
that’s bad He'd make sure I'd do it right.” 
Although Castle joked that his only act- 
ing comes every Sunday at church, Demme 
saw a grain of truth in that. “He's an 
emotional guy and a communicator 
Demme said “That’s what acting’s about" 
The movie appealed to Castle adjust for 
its treatment of the AIDS issue, but also for 
its portrayal erf a family that accepted their 
son's homosexuality and supported him 
during his triaL His own church, SL Mary’s, 
rims an AIDS residence, and Castle says he 
knows what it is like to see friends wither 
away from the disease. 

The experience of losing friends and 

. , . T * rr>n 'Ll-. I 1 4 


parishi oners to AIDS probably helped 
Castle achiev 


visile achieve the right frame of mind for 
the part, he said adding that those experi- 
ences were more on a subconscious levd. 
But he dew directly on a more personal 
tragedy, the death of his own son Robert, 


who drowned while swimming in . a Ver- 
mont river at the age of 19. 

His memories of the accident promoted 
him to add to his lines in tbe scene where 
the Becketts say what would be their final 
good-bye to Andy as he lies in a hospital 
bed, tubes in his arms and an oxygen made 
on his face. “The line originally was *Good 
■ni g ht, son. Try to gel some rest.’” Castle 
recalled "What T added was 1 love you, 
Andy.’ This was very important tome. If I 
had been able to sec my son before be died, 
I would have wanted to say that to bun.” 

The “P hilad elphia” role is not Castle’s 
East. He and his wife, Kate, had fleeting 
nonspeaking roles as missionaries getting 
of! a plane in “The Silence of the Lambs. 
Kale Castle noted that her husband’s act- 
ing is a welcome relief from the strains of 
his pastoral and political work. 

“He needs a tittle glamour in his life;" 
she said. “I think he loves it, even though 
the minute it’s over it doesn't mean much 
to him. But while he’s at it, he loves it.” 


She said she once joked that her hus- 
band said he’d like to go against type, 
perhaps playing a villain. But she knows 
that he looks more tike a priest or a cop. 

However slim, there might be a chance 
to delve into that darker ade. Demme raw 
some colleagues have said Castle would be 
a good choice to play T. Eugene (Bull) 
Connor, the segregationist Public Safety 
Commissioner of Birmingham, Alabama, 
doting the 1963 dvfl right demoasttatians, 
in a movie he plans based on the Taylor 
Branch history “Parting the Waters. 

For a person of Castle's political boil, 
that migh t be too much evil to handle. 

‘There are plenty of goys who can play Bull 
Connor — with conviction maybe, he said. 
“Let me be somebody dse, for a cause.” 
He says bis convictions will keep him as 
a pastor in Harlem, even though he may 
hedge his bets and get an agent *Tm not 
sure about just doing anything,” he said. 
T am first a priest- ThaTs what I want to 
do and be.” 


people 



FmmWsFrAoPowf 

A fhp"gg of Bfegy te: Ptm ee: 
f jyafa* will give up competitive 
polo Tor fearing rfjnagfflgte. 
tack, which be injured Pjayingthe . 
gpmftlast year, but he wB continue 
lompcar in a few cfcuity matches. =- 
niariw has suffered bag strain ro - 
several occasions from playing 
polo, and in 1990 he broke an ana. - 
wben be took a spill dura® a- 
match. Charles's mother, Queen 
pEwJwrti B, brake a bone m ua 
wrist when her horse fdl last 
end- “He will play considerably feas ;■ . 
• this year,” a spokesman ft*;, i 
les said. “He is shmtjriipt " 

vwaredm take the ridt (rf nis bMdt' : 
jetting him and everyone tfe; 
down." .’\- 

Gfedofina, a pom star and.fiav.;- 
mer member of the Italian Ms*, 
meat, has won the rig ht to see her 
14-mooth-dd sax, Ludwig, < during- 
a custody battle over hinL ihcpoiu- . 
star, whose real name is Dona StA- ---. 
er is fighting her estranged bus-// 
band, the artist Jeff Room s , for the/." 
child, wham Koons removed from 
Rome on Christmas Eve and :, 
.brought to New York. 

□ ‘ 

Jean Farter, the director of the ■ ■ 
French National Archives, was 
named Tuesday to preside over the ' - 
high-tech national library under ; 
construction on the banks of the ■_ 
fjfrh y- The Bibliothiqne National® 
de France, one of President Fri»- - 
pais M tttei ' i mFs grand ardriteo- - 
oral projects, is expected to open - 
in December 1996. Favier, a metb- . 
eval specialist, will oversee the two- ' 
year t ransf er of 1 1 motion volumes ( 
to the new library. 

□ 

gpm«»rti Clarke, the chancellor " . 
of the Exchequer, was ranked as \~ 
the scruffiest member of Britain’s; v 
House of Commons. Clarke, v 
known for ins pot belly, erranpied - 
suits and shabby suede shoes, 
gained the dubious distinction 
from Visual Image, a media group . 
that coaches top executives in pre- 
sentation skills. Clarke’s boss, ■ 
Prime Minister John Mqjor, could 
man aw* onl y eighth place in the . 
sartonal-disaster sweepstakes. 



INTERNATIONAL 

CLASSIFIED 

Appears oil Pagt* J. 5 /“ 



WEATHER 


CROSSWORD 


Europe 


OF 

Algarvo 12*53 

Ain ti tidan 8*43 

Ankara 7 MO 

ABwns 15*50 

B jiuAhu 11*5! 

3137 
sm 
AIM 

BuJuxbI 3*37 

Copstiragm 3/37 

CooaMSd 11*32 

Dlftfri SMI 

EAMxnh 6*43 

Horonco 8MB 

FrarMurt 3*37 

Gum 1*33 

HshnM -1*31 

Istanbul 8MB 


Urban 

London 

UrtH 

Minn 

Moscow 

Mindh 


Otto 

Ptima 

P«fc 

Fnpn 

Ftoykjm* 

non*" 


High Lew W 
OF 

6*41 I 
1*34 9 b 
0*32 c 
BM 8 t 
104 pc 
0*32 pc 
■1/31 C 
l/W oh 
■2!M » 
■1*31 Ml 
B/43 til 
1/34 til 
2*35 til 
2*35 pc 
■3*27 pc 
-**a % 
-7*20 » 
6*43 c 
18/06 12*33 pc 
12/53 6M3 > 
6*43 235 c 
6*43 -3*27 I 
6*43 -3/27 s 
■BOB -14/7 pc 
4*39 -4/25 * 
12*53 -1/31 pc 
•1*31 -4/25 Hi 
8*40 3*37 pc 

5*41 1/34 C 

2*35 -4*25 BC 
1/34 -161 an 
9*46 4*39 * 


Forecast for Thureday through Saturday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 


Asia 


ACROSS 



High 

at 

12*53 

B/43 

7/44 

16*61 

10*50 

4*38 


3 PftoltiMg -7*20 -13*9 » 

StacUnkn -1*31 -4*25 an 

Cjnsbcug 4/39 -2*28 pc 

TMkvi 0*32 -8/22 a 

Voraoe 7/44 1*34 pc 

Vwnra 3*37 -3*27 s 

Warm* -1*31 -3/27 c 

ZMttl 4*39 -4*2, 9 


.1*31 an 
o/32 an 
4*39 a 
2*36 til 
2*35 r 
2*35 til 
2*35 -5*29 e 
2*35 -4*25 pc 
0*32 - 6 /IB ti 
11*52 6/43 c 
18166 12*53 a 
11*52 7M4 pc 
7M4 1*34 c 

4*38 -1*31 pc 
4*38 -2*29 * 
■5*24 -13*8 pc 
3*37 -3*27 pe 
11/52 2*35 * 

-1*31 -6*22 80 
BM 8 4/38 ■ 
6*43 2*35 c 

2/35 -4*25 pe 
3*37 -3*27 an 
9/48 307 i 

■3/37 .11/13 *n 
0/32 -3/27 an 
4/38 -1/31 pc 
0/32 -8/1B ti 
6/43 104 tii 

307 -2*28 an 
104 -5*24 pe 
2*36 -3*27 pc 


JoMroem 

North America 
The extrema cold from 
Washington. DC. to Boston 
Thursday wtl gradually mod- 
erate Friday and Saturday. 
Milder weather win aurge 
northward through the Mid- 
west and Plains late this 
week. A Pacific storm may 
bring much-needed rains to 
the Pacific Northwes! Friday 
into Saturday. 


Europe 

High winds will sweep 
across Ireland, the northern 
U K. and western Norway 
Thursday and Friday. Porta 
and London wfll hove gusty 
winds tate this week wkh a 
taw tiwweiB. A akwMiwving 


atom wW bring heavy rains 
to much of Italy. Including 


Rome. Thursday Into Friday. 


Asia 

Bitterly cold weather will 
move southward through 
northern China. Including 
Beijing, this week. Hong 
Kong and Taipei win have 
■the coldest weather so far 
this wfiter taler hi die week. 
Clouds and rain win accom- 
pany the colder weather. 
Mania and Bangkok nil be 
surety and warm. 




1162 1 

13*6 

7M4 til 


28*2 

1 B«* ■ 

27*0 

16*51 » 


11/52 

463 pe 




23^ 

468 a 

26*79 


ja*, 



30/86 

24*75 pc 


9/48 pc 

2B/79 

12*53 pc 

Trara 

15*58 

8 MB til 

13/55 

4/39 1 

North America 


i Yahoo 
s Pigeon drop, 
e.g 

• Fill one's tank 
i* Peace Nobeflst 
Myrdal 

is Rival of Martina 
le Busy airport 
it Freud's home 
ia Ticked off 
is Client of 
16-Across 
ao Princess 
Margaret's ex 
23 Queue after Q 


a* Fishing gear 
as Ended a bout 
early 

*7 Fishing gear 
30 Bartiering job 
32 Realty went lor 


38 Bakery 
enticement 


sa Tide type 
40 Nephew ol 
CaUguta 

41 1991 Emmy- 
winnrrrg comic 

44Med.sch.subJ. 
4 S Author DInesen 


Solution to Pucde of Jim. 18 




Middle East 


Latin America 


Oceania 


Totiqr 

Mgh Low W 
OF OF 
21/70 1263 ■ 
24/75 11/52 ■ 

17/82 BM3 ■ 

■Mrutritm 17*2 SMB ■ 

Lon 31*8 1162 • 

21/70 7*44 


BtirUI 

Cara 


Low 
OF OF 
22*71 15*59 ■ 
28*79 16*1 ■ 
19/M 8*48 ■ 

18*4 11/52 ( 
33*91 14*57 8 
23/73 10*50 


Low W 


Todiv 

tBgti Lo* W 
OF OF OF CIF 
BuanMAtan 29*54 21*70 pe 31*8 17*2 pc 

PHTBW 29*84 32/71 pc 28*4 23/73 pe 

Lkia 24/76 19JBB pe 25/77 20*8 c 

ISoxtaoCS* 14*57 7*44 til 18*51 4/38 pc 

Hbdfciwitim 31*8 23/73 til 31*8 24*75 1 

Swtiago 28*2 11*52 « 29*4 14/57 l 


CNcogo 

Dwww 

Mu* 

HonoMu 

htaution 

LomAngtios 


Auction] 

Sfrinev 


24/75 1 7*2 pe 24*75 1 7*2 * 
37*0 22*71 pc 25*2 22/71 » 


Legond: wxxiiy. pe-pari* <£4*. cd gixty. droh awraHlM^ 

an-snow. Mcs, W-Weatw>. Al m***, tamcasts and dan pravtooU by Acco-wmbw. me. o 


Son Fran. 
SaraDa 
To 


1994 


-4*25 -9/16 pc 
-1/31 -8*18 ■ 
-12/11 -186 ■ 
-IBM -20 1-3 pc 
13*56 -4*25 1 
-15* -IBM PC 
28*2 1864 ; 
9M8 367 a 

26/78 1162 S 
21/70 1467 pe 

-IB* -21/-6 pc 
■Z1/-6 61 M3 pe 
25*77 20*8 til 
-11*13 -18*4 9 
27*0 1263 ■ 
19/56 BM3 I 
8*48 469 c 
-19/-2 -22*-7 ti 
-8/18 -14*7 • 


-3/27 -12*11 c 
6M3 -4*25 po 
■11113 -136 pc 
6*18 -18M pe 
13*55 -4*25 pc 
-8*18 -14*7 pS 
27*0 T7I82 pc 
15*9 *143 ■ 

22/71 8/48 8 

2405 1568 pc 
■11*13 -19/ 2 * 
-14/7 -23*4* PC 
28/79 19*88 e 
-8*18 -8*16 ti 
31*75 8*48 1 

14*57 7144 s 

8/48 367 e 

4*18 -15* pc 
-760 4/IB ti 


aB0D naan aaang 

ehqh onana 

□Emm □□□!! anaaa 
□nEEanaaaaaaana 
□HBBna 

□aaa □□eebe 
□□nan anaa naaa 
QOQaaaaaBaaaaaa 
Enas naas aaaaa 
EEaasa aasa 

Husa □□□□□□ 
aciEaciBaaaaaaaaa 

QHQEH UQULJ aaaa 

□□Das auaa aaaa 
yaoBLi bbeb aaaa 


48 Davis of *Do the 
Right Thing" 

4 T Tout's offering 
48 Nudnik 

51 Highway hazard 

52 Uncommon 
sense 

53 Music-score 
abbr. 

u Experiments- . 

ti on station 
38 1961 

Inauguration 

speaker 

84 Jordanian port 
ee Word on a $1 
bill 

87 Hoedown prop 
is Blender setting 
8 * Blockhead 

70 "If YOU* 

(1929 hit) 

71 Game-show 
group 

t* Tom Smothers 
amusement 
73 Courage 


3 Fight souvenir 
• Eastern region 

7 One more time 
a Anti-O.W.l. . 

group 

8 Composer of 
Hitchcock's 
theme - 

10 Sounds of ; ■ 

satisfaction 

11 German coal 
region 

is "Trinity" author 
13 Saucy 

21 Attack 

22 Giraffe kin 
as Taboos 

27 OBphant rider, 
perhaps 

28 Maine college . 
town 


.© Nerv York Tones E dite d by Will Shorts 
17— tr 


P 

■ 

■ 

m 

M 

■ 

■ 

■ 



■ 

■ 

r 


■ 

■ 


i Best Actor of *39 
»i Work (rock . 


DOWN 


1 Cry like a baby 

2 Mixed bag 

3 Walkie-talkie 
word 

4 Leave time 


group) 
as Teammate of 

Robinson and 
Hodges 

34 "To 

human" 

38 Bi ? quantities 
37 Photo finish 
3B Betraying ' 
clumsiness - . 
42 "Fantasia" 
ballerina 



‘I*!* 


43 "- — -I can help sa Reindeer herder 8 i Waikiki locale 
it!" - . 3« Water color . az 'Chair part 

4a Sharon’s land 57 Stable home *3 Koppef and 

sa Completely . gsMtssMarpie Kennedy 

34 Boris discovery aaotd-tasitioned 

Badenov'rboro ao Suffix for stink do 


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COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Hungar y * 


OOa-800-01111 


Australia 


0014-881-011 JcebunTta 


999-001 


CMmJ’RG*" 


10611 Ireland 


Guam 


018-872 Italy* 


Hong Kong 


800-1111 UechsenMebr 


155-00-11 


India* 


000-117 Lithuania* 


8*196 


tadooeria* 


00-801-10 Luxembourg 


0-80043111 


Japan* 


0059-111 Make* 


0800890-1101 


Korea 


009-11 Mooaco* 


194-0011 


convenient Access Numbers on your right 



AT&T 


Korea** 

11* 

Netherlands* 

08022-9111 

Malaysia' 

800-0011 

Norway" 

800-190-11 

New Zealand 

000-911 

’Poland**** 

0*010-480-0111 

Philippines* 

105-11 

Portugal* 

05017-1-288 

Buseia’^Moscow) 

155-5042 

Kouucoisi- 

01-800-4288 

Saipan* 

255-2872 

Slovakia 

00-42000101 

Singapore 

eooom-m 

Spain 

9000900-11 

Sri Lanka 

430-430 

Sweden* 

020-795^11 

Taiwan* 

0080-10288-0 


15500-11 

Thailand* 

0019^91-1111 

UK. 

0500090011 

EUROPE 

MIDDLE EAST 

Armenia" 

8*14111 

Bahrain 

. 800001' 

Austria.*""* 

022-905^)11 

Pgypr'CCafae) 

5100200 

Belgium* 

078-11-0010 

tenet 

177-100-2727 

Bulgaria 

OOrlBOCKJOlO 

Kuwait 

.800*88-- 

Croatia** 

99-38-0011 

Lebanon (jBetrot) 

426-801 

Cvprus" 

080-90010 

Saudi Arabia 

1-800-100 

Catch Rep 

00-420-00101 

Turkey* 

00800-12277 

Denmark* 

8001-0010 

AMERICAS 

Ffadand* 

9800-100-10 

Argentina* 

OOI-«KWOO-1111 

France 

19*4011 

Belize^ 

. ■ -■ 555 

Germany - 

01304)010 

Bolitfa* 

0-800-1111 

Greece* 

00-800-1311 

Brazil 

.0008010 


ChOe 


00*0312 

1 Colombia 


980-11-0010 

iCosta MaTta 


114 

JEcuadar* 


119 

■ELSalvadorita . 


- 190 

■Guatemala* 


190 

iGuyaur* 


165 

IHonduresria 


123 

.Bfcarino*** 

. 95-000-462-4240 

iNkaragna (Managua) 

174 

[Panamara 


. 109 

iPerur 


191- 

'Uruguay . 


00-0410 

Venezuela** 


ao^ju-120 

CARIBBEAN 


i lh li tmM 


1 Bermuda* 


1-80(4872-2881, 


1-000-872-2881 


iBrtrishVi 


1-000-872-2881 


iCgymmlsboda 


1-800-872-2881 


1 Grenada* 


1-900-872-2881- 


M-a-u 

rtaxtr 

' 001-800972-2883 

Jamaica** * 

0-800-872-2881 


001-800-872-2881 


1-800872-2881 


AFRICA 


Gamble 

00111 

Kenya* 

0800-10 


7^797 


101-1992 


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*<«*eiicatawool». 

♦♦♦Nraiwjvaaafctonallinafc ■ 




■ FrtiWWMdOiP 


r^riccltn nhrirtnnritlh pnly. 


© 1994 Aisr 


tt-v'i v 

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. : Urn 


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