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7 L% u ^*‘ ■ - 

" r 4 r , ; 







T Thursday, January 20, 1994 

No. 34,490 

On Reform 

Ruble Panic 

Russians and West 
Await the Outcome of 
fierce Power Struggle 

North Koreans Buy 
40 Old Soviet Subs 

In a Mysterious Deal, Russia Says 
Attack Vessels Are for Scrap Metal 

e i s of questionable seaworthiness. Mosj 

By David E Sanger 

Nch J odi Time j Service 
TOKYO - 1. 

aiSSk submarines torn 

the Could Cost $30 Billion 

V***-' , around on the highways as they have m 

• I riractnated Andrew, whl os<^“ 

By Steven Erlanger 

NW York Times Sen we 
wnwYjw — Negotiations over the sdapeoi 
San spvCTnmenl continued in secret 

b ^,rFvS »*« has come 10 svm- 
fSS« bSn! V&d Prime MUw 

SJSSSrf *"* * Nonh 

P 1 £mnlun^o^ uS ^^ 
w.^1 Oil 

By Calvin Sims 

Vw Yorfc Tows Service - " 

LOS & 


"i^r ss 


iha hurricane designated Andrew. '? ^ 1 

in American histojy.J. • ^ 

ormaneatly change ttej^Ang 
SaSHor their love of anromobfles. 


■ taws, — - - 


around on the highways as they have in the 

ta u,e 

%gsSs ! £'s 


See DAMAGE, Pay 5 

Ghali Opposes Bosnia Air Strikes 

PWr XX . . _ i_«-r TucriHv lo the Security Council, pomM 

By. David B. Ottaway ' 

• • Washington Post Semes 

Mr. Batros 

«4 S£SSssrbS 5 

0 us 0 ccarions'A“tteMc o nN'^ ^ 

t TXT Cnraiitv Council . Ji!x:i:*.> nf 

■ ■ Washington Post Semes 


E^ian Seri) forces to open the«rpOTtat 

in northern Bosnia W 

uonsortoevac^Cai^tt^ 0 ^^ 

in the MusIlm eu<^crf&el^WL 
aTteStth bf ust week. 

At its summit meeting m & Dooons^**^-^^- «ferring to tne 

ssrsa^sSfe .sassises— “ 

Protection pbn* 10 ■■ • • — — 

in orth Aflannc u»v 


Inner Tuesday .to fcM® E^e 

out dun the air ft"*® tavTbeen un- 

of troops to the u ruled out sending 
peacekeeping feme. 

Mr. Bum* 

sa*- “'or 

frapTe rubles TUe 

mEd nearly 30pe^nt» 1 . exchange 

drop is even more exu«ne in P rfable 

SSSffU-S^ £**££%* 

dally to raise interest rates. ... v 

the central bank chairman. Viktor N- 


the government stalemate. 

All the centra! iSVfJblluSn in hard- 

‘^S-'ileTeriga.Doa on Sunday <*£ 

Rmsia?s«»nomic reforms, Yegor 
architect of Rn^a s Chernomyrdin 

sia. • - 

naval ^"^^SfgBoBSBil*. in 
the Korean Peninsula. »m ^ lransac . 
response to urgent m*l . Minis try, insisi- 
tion by South ^? n « F were^lde^'>del s that 

K ^^r*^^^S5SSE^ 

United States has pnessed whatever 

in Washington to , ““ e KoVwns, the deal 
the true intent ofthe difficulties of en- 
provides a window ml ^ on h No- 

taring economic ancuons 1 igamn ^ Unhed 

rea for its n JJ c '^ P^ 8 ^ 1 private firais are 

n na»* — =•— 

Oo Wednesday, the president of djeg«£ 
the submarines 

company acting ^ mrermoLUfli^ submarines 



nnes, tne esctu descent, said, 

nese citaen of Korean oes^*^ 

“Nothing is renioved, he gjj^ 

“d^rsrceiria, d. “P to 

scrap- . .1 . ,» uncertain what is 

“The reality is lhai we are unLer ^ ^ 

happening l ° imSigence 'official 

Si&sss^ 1 ^ 



^pS^ofThe sale was >o 

mostly smaller "jjj designed 10 slip 

buili 48 midget sibmnn ^ ^ 

the transaction four umes __ clearly 

3 “Obviously. Bmuniil 

to this.” a South Korean j^r e lanalion from 
South Korea ^ ^ diplomatic nrla- 

malic importance 's ^ ^ die United 

““ dcaI 

helpful to the United Su«» ^1 the 

the isolated North 1 K rg at upward of 

transacuon. which may be « b ^ a c iose 

S8 milhom suggp^ *at u Russi an 

commercial connecue n that many m 

and North Korean mih ’ Moscow. “We 
Asia believe is not ^J^f^pacScFleei are 

t^aDaut. “ Ara f_“‘_„ lmo „, 

iree-lancing. anru..». . ... 

u 11 |s 


See FLEET, Page 5 

See BOSNIA, Page 5 


luSoual Moncla 2 /“”i: d^cT^Mr' 

at “ ”jS 1 * « SS 12- 

of seals in the low er house, „ reso | Ule chirpi- 

^^f" W SSV™t described it. is 

See RUSSIA, Page 5 

U.s. Calls Off Sanctions 
A „ Tormn Yields on Bidding 


By Eric Schmitt 

- w k5S^^S^' 

for Bobby. sSSary had already 

ion’s goi “an 

But Pentagon ^ than m a 

witMrawaTonTii^g^^ reopen .the qi *fc 

difficult poritic^^ JJafthttaaan a 
Son of bow to Mr. In- 

foreign rtJn Supposed W have s^d°- 



nominee, prf*®*. J^Smtust over a month 

Aroona tbccandidarabOTg^ri^ are 
S^c^I^Yom.&a TBrircd dual 


h&»«> - fonM 

^gSS ! SC 5 w“ 

mS Geamn, said that a choice of a successor 

’tiss - j-p-.a-w 

StSatomiriretiOTBre d«t t have auy a 

ABC “arf 

»®?SS3 bS 

ForthePentagOntolack strong hvu«“ 

!! feS00n - ^icTwriCOT. 

“IbSSataSa WCIAdu^. 

a*sftSj2g5*gSR 1 , s 


offiS aid Mr- Cto; 
,r«‘W^inklms M iibout Mr. Inman’s pla^ 

SgfS^a , !5!!a J ai 

“* SSL^W toSbt*r«a “W*™ 11 1” 0 - 

™ of identifying possible alternatives. 

Berlusconi Ready 
To Get Into Race 

^^ ^aidWedpasday he *as gJ™S 
beads toward landmark 

SS5 K s «^I ' S3 

the country since World War IL 

Skater’s Ex-Husband 
Charged inU.S. Attack 

tl. husband of the figure skaua: 

By Paul F. Horvitz 

Imtmational Herald Tribute 
WASHINGTON — The United States of- 


Thursday were canceled by 1 ^ Japanese 

^1& K Shrsy: 

~ - veo ' 


wtw is scneouiea i“‘“" Fh « 1 “deserves 
Clinton in Washington on heo. 1 . 
STMtcrddjt” f^hetoio^ ie ed ^ how _ 
The warm U.S. response ^ jn 

} ‘r' s 

S^Sudor market l » ^SyW^ 

wm ^ 5 

market. — J 

would travel to 

ground on the fr^®* . h medical, insur- 

Sf!SSftS2S- and automobile Bee- 

tors. - winr Mr, Kantor said 

lion of constnicuon 1 and l ^totectunu 

SSSTdS Sul s .3 hill^nof burineas in 
the United S^m recem yern^ ml 

The Japanese m^kntor d 

reaches S 200 b ^X^^A^rit l- would 

^^H'nffonlv for central government pro- 
open bidding only lor «nir 5 ^ mon or 

j£s valued at more ^n afcmul more 

for quasi-govemmental prqjtxts vaincu 

thM abou! SfdSmnts of the Japanese 
Among die key •>areemenis to sub ‘ 

plan, Mr. Kantor sm .^ toTpledge of non- 

ssfess? ot 3 

Mr. Kantor said. - o ^ ranking. No 

m \'i ifomnr said Japan also had pledged 10 
Mr. Kantor saia J “L . , . ha j business ac- 

“ n ^rS“uZ 8 ^r^i^ 

plan with the United Stales. 




jS^££3 ' “““ 

General ***** ^ allowed an 

Book Review 


Page 7 . 
Page 7 . 
Page 8. 

rddr^ug •Xl.S.Jap»n« 



reported^y^^pnn 656 company in a single 

^,“ d c u, ie responsibility for the 
loss- (Page 11 ) 

Iron Contra s 

By David E Rosenbaum 

Hew York Times Semee 

gravity was ^ ^ 





• USpoBcyinlmn^dK^^ 

faC * The presideuL Ronald Rea**. «ho 

larns to. he paid AMtod 

^fttamted so starkly, these matters may a*™ 


'“a" to Mr. Wahh. after rpendiuE seven years 

and S40 maiion. he may inm outtobethe'J® 


hewS -bk to Wag chqp « . * 

serious constitutional \iolauoiis. and n ig 
courtroom vtciories were lost on appeal. 


gallon began, he appeared 1£ ievmon Tues- 


See SCANDAL, Page 5 

(Vj* 1 

l •; i> 

Page 2 


Allowed an Open Door at 

Oppressed Jews Are Flocking 

By William £. Schmidt 

New York Times Service 

DAMASCUS — The only bakery to make 
Passover matzohs and cakes has dosed, after its 
owners got exit visas and moved to Europe. The 
last kosher butcher shop will go this spring, one 
more casualty of Jewish emigration. 

A few months ago. the chief rabbi even 
discovered, to his surprise, that there was no 
longer anyone left in Syria qualified to perform 
the circumcision ritual: he had to send to Amer- 
ica for help. 

After enduring years of suspicion, even per- 
secution. and government restrictions on travel 
and emigration, the last remnants of a Jewish 
population ihat numbered 100.000 at the lum 
of century are facing the challenge of their own 
dwindling numbers. 

Since the government promised exit visas to 
all who wish to leave. Jews have been lining up. 
In the last two years, nearly 3.000 of the esti- 
mated 4,000 who remained in Syria in 1992 
have chosen to seek new lives in America or 

Some 13X1 remain, but 850 of those hope to 
go. They will leave behind mostly elderly peo- 
ple and well-placed business people who feel 
they cannot afford to leave. 

With Jews in Syria unable to seek refuge or 
aid from Jews in neighboring Israel, with whom 
Syria remains technically in a state of war. their 
exodus may mean the disappearance of many 
of the ancient traditions and rituals that helped 
define part of Syrian cultural life since biblical 

Few Jews now live in the city's Jewish quar- 
ter. a warren of narrow streets and ancient 
houses within the walls or the Old City. 

Nearly half of the 22 synagogues that existed 
two years ago are dosed, and so are many of the 
businesses m which Jewish entrepreneurs his- 
torically held sway, including the shops in Da- 
mascus's noisy souk whose Jewish artisans pro- 
duced some oY Syria's finest and most intricate 
silver handicrafts. 

There are small Jewish populations in both 
Aleppo and Qameshli. an ancient Jewish com- 
munity near the Turkish border. But most of 
the approximately 1 3X1 Jews remaining in Syr- 
ia live in Damascus. 

“Every day we must make new adjustments, 
find new wavs, to deal with our shrinking num- 
bers.” said the chief rabbi. Ibrahim Hamra. 
whose daughter has emigrated to America. 

"So little is left now. and it is very sad for me 
to see it go.” 

Would he consider leaving? “I am not like a 
doctor or an engineer or a pharmacist/ 1 Rabbi 
Hamra said with a small smile. “1 am a rabbi, 
and if any Jew stays behind, so must L” 

As the government’s officially designated 
spokesman for Syria's Jews. Rabbi Hamra as- 
serts that Jews in Syria no longer need to flee 
because of religious or political persecution. 

“We are free to practice our religion and our 
culture.” he said in an interview. “We can live a 
life of dignity.” 

For that, he said, he prays for the good health 
and long life of President Hafez Assad, with 
whom he and other prominent Jews met in 1992 
for the first time, when (hey were summoned 
for a special audience at Hanukkah. 

To support his assertion, the rabbi showed a 
visitor a classroom in which some 20 children, 
wearing yarmulkes. were reading from Hebrew 
prayer books. They were part of an overall 
enrollment of 200. 

According to some young Jews here, the 
problem these days is not the kind of harass- 
ment or surveillance their parents bad to en- 
dure in the 1960s and 1970s, when many Syri- 
ans looked on Jews as kind of Israeli fifth 

Rather it is a feeling of being left behind, a 

longing to be part of a larger Jewish family that 
no longer ousts in Damascus. 

At a clothing shop in Shaalan, one of Damas- 
cus's more fashionable shopping districts, a 
young Jew said be felt a great ambivalence 
about leaving. 

"1 have had my visa since lost year, but I can’t 
decide what to do.” said the young man, who 
spoke on condition erf anonymity. “My family 
has a factory here to make clothes, and I have a 

and there aren't any Jewish girls left to marry.” 
Then, he was asked, why don’t you use your 
visa and leave? 

He paused and looked straight at his ques- 
tioner. “Let me ask you,” he said. “Would it be 
so easy tor you to leave your country?” 

Murad Jajati, who is the son of Yosef Jajati. 
one of Damascus's most prosperous Jewish 
merchants, said: “I cannot complain about my 
conditions here. But it is difficult to watch 
every day as your friends and relatives leave.” 
Throughout history, Syria’s Jewish popula- 
tion has fluctuated. But during this century, it 
has been in a long decline. 

By the time the state of Israel was founded in 
1948, the Jewish population in Syria bad 

shrunk by more than halt to 50,000; in later 
years, as a succession of wars engulfed’ the 
region, the few thousand who remained came to 
regard themselves as hostages, denied permis- 
sion to leave or even travel freely within Syria. 

For years. American and European Jewish 
organizations, as well as human rights groups, 
protested- the treatment of Syria’s Jews, citing 
incidents in which Jews were imprisoned with- 
out trial and tortured, accused of trying to flee 
the country illegally. 

In April 1992, in a goodwill gesture after the 
Gulf War, Mr. Assad agreed to loosen, emigra- 
tion restrictions on Jews, among other things 
ending the practice of giv ing visas to every 
member of a family except one. In the ensuing 
six months, an estimated 2,600 Jews seized the 
chance to go. * ' • ‘ 

Bat then, about the time erf the American 
presidential elections. Syrian officials again 
slowed the flow of exit visas, to 'barely 10 a 
month. Jewish groups in the West accused Syria 
of using the 1 J20D or so Jews staD living here as a 
bargaining chip in Middle East talks. 

In December, when Secretary of Slate War- 
ren ML Christopher traveled to Damascus to lay 
the groundwork for the meeting in Geneva 
between Mr. Assad and President Bill Gin toe 

on Sunday, the Syrian leader promised to speed 

UP Jl| C jKpfedged Hat *** « ld J* 

issued by the end of the year to the estimated 

850 Jews still waiting to leave. 

. Rabbi Hamra and others who say they intend 
,o remain in Syria are banking their hopes on 
the unfolding peace efforts, and an eventual 
settlement between Israel and Syria that might 
encourage Jews to return to Damascus. 

“Already about 100 Jews I know have come 
back, some, to Slay, because I think they now 
know that life is better and simpler for them m 

Syria;” Rabbi Hamra said. “With time, we hope 

more will come boot” 

But it depends on peace, because with peace, 
said the rabbi, Jews in Syria would no longer 

said the rabbi, Jews in Syria would no longer 
have to seek arrangemcriis m Turkey or Moroc- 
co or America for kosher products or spiritual 
consolation. Syria's Jew’s would only have to 
cross the border to a place where do Syrian is 
now allowed to -travel 
“There is an Egyptian song that b egins with 
the line. Those who are closest to you are 
actually the farthest away/ ” said Raw* Ham- 
ra,' who in conversation never mentions Israel 

by name. “We ask God that some day soon, we 

will all be closer to each other.” 

Outsider Stays Out in the Cold 

Rationale Puzzles Some of Inman ’s Friends 

By Barton Gellman 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — Reputation, 
Bobby Ray Inman often says, has 
meant everything to him. Some 
Triends. although not all said that 
is all the explanation they need for 
his astonishing assertion that he 
was withdrawing his nomination 
for secretary of defense because of 
"a handful of vitriolic attacks” by 
newspaper columnists. 

Mr. Inman's hourlong medita- 
tion on his media reviews, and a 
phone interview later on. left a por- 
trait of lifelong insecurity. 

Anyone who grows up clumsy 
and four-eyed in football-mad east 
Texas. Mr. Inman has told his 
friends, has to look for another wav 
to get by in this world. A "Quiz 
Kids" radio show prodigy, Mr. In- 
man was 5 feel 4 inches and 96 
pounds when he graduated from 
Mineola High School at 15. (About 
1.63 meters and 43.5 kilograms.) 

“How did I appear not to be a 
freak, and how did I avoid getting 
beaten up going to the restroom?" 
be once said. "I learned to do two 
things. One was to find two or three 
big athletes and help them with 
their homework. Absolutely inten- 
tional They became my protectors. 
And the other was to help people 
who wanted to tun for school of- 

That same strategy — using 
brains and guile to make himself 
indispensable to powerful sponsors 
— continued throughout a spectac- 
ular navy career. His protectors in- 
cluded legends such as Admirals 
Arleigh A. Burke and Hyman G. 
Rickover. and he scaled four-star 
heights never reached before by an 
intelligence officer. 

Mr. Inman's public career pro- 

gressed from praise to lavish praise. 
He got a Defense Superior Service 
Medal for “achievements unparal- 
leled in the history of intelligence.” 

Yet Mr. Inman's self-image, he 
said, was rather different. He is a 
man he said, who remembered 
anything but the praise. Described 
often as a consummate Washing- 
ton insider, Mr. Inman laughed bit- 
terly. He called himself “this guy 
who constantly saw himself as an 
outsider working to succeed on the 


inside” — never quite reaching in- 
siderdom himself. 

He said he got generally good 
reviews, “but not by alL though.” 
And it was the bad ones that him 
kepi awake at night, sleepless with 

Td wake up thinking about the 
stories, the hostile stories, not all 
the friendly ones/' be said. 

But can a man who held four 
major positions be as naive as he 
portrayed himself Tuesday about 
the capital's folkways? 

This is the same retired a dmir al, 
after all. who leaches a course at 
the University of Texas, his alma 
mater, on “How Government Real- 
ly Works.” The syllabus says he 
examines “trends in media cover- 
age” and "efforts to manipulate 
public perception.” 

Peter Fbwn. a former president 
of the University of Texas and 
friend of Mr. Inman's, pronounced 
himself “mystified” by the specta- 
cle Tuesday. Another friend. Joann 
DiGenero. said she could not be- 
lieve Mr. Inman could be as 
shocked as he sounded. 

“Some of the pieces are missing, 
and we certainly didn't hear them 
in the press conference.” she said. 

Asked whether some other skele- 
ton had emerged to drive him from 
office. Mr. Inman said no — but 
said reporters had been “out all 
over the country” searching for 
one. One journalist, he said, even 
tried to find out whether he had 
ever told “a racially oriented joke.” 

Mr. Inman volunteered that 
there had been a whispering cam- 
paign about his sexual orientation 
after a 1980 episode in which he 
refused to revoke the security clear- 
ance of a homosexual man at the 
National Security Agency. 

“There were of allegations, whis- 
pers. suggesting that I must be of 
comparative persuasion.” he said. 
“Those had come from otheT agen- 
cies as well. All of the law enforce- 
ment and security agencies were 
adverse to the decision.” 

When President Ronald Reagan 
Dominated him for the post of CIA 
deputy director in 1981, Mr. Inman 
said, he volunteered to lake a poly- 
graph test. He said he was asked 
whether be was bomosexuaL that 
he denied iL and that the poly- 
grapher found his answer was "not 

Mr. Inman's own explanation 
was stunningly simple. The last 
time he was up for confirmation, in 
February 1981. be bad a two-hour 
hearing and a 98 to 0 Senate vote in 
his favor for the No. 2 CIA job. 
This lime, he said, there were pros- 
pects of opposition th3t could get 

“Given this reaction” to the 
nomination, he said, referring to 
unfriendly columns by William Sa- 
fire and Anthony Lewis of The 
New York Times and Ellen Good- 
man of the Boston Globe, “to have 
gone on to the job. it would have 
been a prescription for not doing a 
good job and being miserable." 

foe 9n.‘ fatten 

good job and being miserable.” Bobby Ray Inman cited attacks by journalists in wtinfrawing his floatation for secretary of defense, accord on join r inspection of boa is suspected of using! 

fish in international waters, the official People's Dail; 

Media 6 Garbage ? Was Too Hard to Handle , Inman Asserts 

By Linda Greenhouse 

,\ew York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — His conviction that a “new 
McCarthyism” had taken hold of the press led Bobby 
Ray Inman to withdraw from consideration as defense 
secretary, the former nominee said. 

In his extraordinary houriong, rambling monologue 
on Tuesday. Mr. Inman described how his response to 
press coverage of his nomination evolved over a period 
of less than three weeks — from “bemused detach- 
ment” at the first unflattering references to the conclu- 
sion that accounts of his record were so unfair and 
distorted that there was no reason to “put up with that 
garbage” after 30 years in public life. 

Several of his central assertions concerned writers 
and editors of The New York Times, most notably 
William Sofire. the columnist, whom Mr. Inman ac- 
cused of vengeful hostility over a period of some 13 

Describing himself as “agitated” by a highly nega- 
tive column 'that Mr. Safire wrote about his nomina- 
tion on Dec. 23. Mr. Inman made a series of accusa- 
tions against the columnist. 

He said there was “a trade” between Mr. Safire and 
Bob Dole or Kansas, the Republican leader in the 
Senate, under which Mr. Dole would “turn up the heal 
on my nomination.” and that, in return. “Safire would 
turn up the heat on the Whitewater development.” 

In his columns. Mr. Safire has raised repeated 
questions about the investment by Bill and Hillary 
Rodham Clinton in Whitewater Development Co., an 
Arkansas real estate project that is soon to be the 
subject of an investigation by a special counsel. 

Mr. Inman offered no proof for his accusation, 
which both Mr. Dole and Mr. Safire denied. 

Calling the accusation “nothing short of weird,” 
Mr. Safire said he had never had a conversation about 
Mr. Inman with Mr. Dole. “I don't have to have 
anybody ask me to turn up the heat on Whitewater." 
Mr. Safire said. ‘‘I've been banging my spoon against 
the high chair about Whitewater ever since Vince 
Foster's apparent suicide.” He was referring to the 
death in July of Vincent W. Foster Jr., the deputy 
White House counsel. 

Mr. Inman said that he had been the object of 
“hostile" coverage by Mr. Safire ever since he de- 
clined. in the early 1980s. “to be a source” for the 

Mr. Inman said. “He was very direct that if I didn't 
become a source. I would regret it in the subsequent 
coverage." He said that his later criticism of a Safire 
column, which he said "caused us to lose critical 
access” to intelligence sources on terrorism, “did not 
endear me to the columnist.” 

Mr. Safire said Tuesday that he bad no recollection 
of what he might have said to Mr. Inman, in either of 

two conversations they bare bad. that could have been 
taken as a threat. 

"I know 1 never threaten anybody.” he said. “I don’t 
have to. This is an example of a man lashing out on the 
basis of pure suspicion." 

The one substantive dispute the two men have had 
was over Israel. As Mr. Inman recounted the episode 
at his news conference Tuesday, he made a decision in 
early 1981, after the Israeli’ bombing of an Iraqi 
nuclear reactor, to limit Israel's access to intelligence 
photographs taken by U.S. satellites. 

He said that Mr. Safire bod complained about the 
decision to William J. Casey, then the director of 
central intelligence, who had been out of the country 
at the time, but that Mr. Casey supported the decision. 

"From that point on. if you will trace the coverage, 
it's been hostile.” Mr. Inman said. 

Mr. Safire said that what evidently most angered 
Mr. Inman was “ray criticism of his anti-Israel bias." 

In his Dec. 23 column, Mr. Safire recounted an 
incident he first reported in 1981, in which, he said. 
Mr. Inman “had planted a false story with a group of 
newsmen that Israel was the source of rumors that a 
Libyan ‘hit squad' was on its way to the U.S.” 

In both his December 1981 column and the column 
last month. Mr. Safire wrote that Mr. Inman was 
trying to make Israel appear to be provoking an 
American air strike against Libya. 

Mr. Safire said that although Mr. Inman continued 
to deny this account, “I reconfirmed it with my 

Referring to Mr. Inman's failure to pay Social 
Security taxes on his housekeeper’s earnings. Mr. 
Safire also wrote in that column: “As a taxpayer, he is 
a cheat." 

That prompted Mr. Inman's final accusation 
against the columnist: that Mr. Safire is “a man who 
has hidden bis own plagiarism by an om-ot-coun 
settlement with sealed documents.” 

Mr. Safire said that Mr. Inman was evidently refer- 
ring to an incident some 35 years ago, when Mr. Safire 
was a vice president of the Tex McCrary public 
relations firm. 

He said he hod never been accused of plagiarism, 
but rather was the inadvertent conduit by which a 
writer used material from a personality profile of one 
of the firm's clients that had been prepared by another 
writer, Robert Massie. 

Mr. Safire said he had shown the profile to the 
writer without expecting that he would use it in an 
article or his own. 

When Mr. Massie sued the McCrary firm, the firm’s 
insurance company settled the case for several thou- 
sand dollars. 

Mixed Moscow Signals on Baltic Pullout 747s Averted a Collision 

Ly Rrtilen VL.L.«..i. — XT—, in 

MOSCOW — Russia sought 
Wednesday to dispel fears it might 
be planning to keep some troops in 
the Baltic states, saying that re- 
marks by Foreign Minister Andrei 
V. Kozyrev had been distorted by 
the Itar-Tass press agency. 

The agency quoted Mr. Kozyrev 
on Tuesday as saying he opposed a 

complete withdrawal of Russian 
forces from the Baltics and other 
former Soviet states because Mos- 
cow had vital interests there. 

But a Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man, Georgi Karasin. told Interfax 
news agency Wednesday that Itar- 
Tass had misquoted Mr. Kozyrev. 

“There can be no talk about any 
change in Russia's attitude to 

building relations with the Baltic 
states," Mr. Karasin said 
Itar-Tass quoted Mr. Kozyrev as 
saying: “We should not withdraw 
from those regions that have been 
the sphere of Russian interests for 
centuries. He also referred to Rus- 
sian “military presence." Itar-Tass 
reported, quoting him as saving. 
“We should not fear these words." 

■ 'Clarification' Welcomed 

The United States welcomed on 
Wednesday (that it said was Rus- 
sia's "clarification" of the remarks 
by Mr. Kozyrev. Reuters reported 
from Washington. But a State De- 
partment spokesman said the de- 
partment still planned to review the 
text of Mr. Kozvrev's remarks. 


MOSCOW — A serious mistake 
by an air-traffic controller nearly 
caused the collision of two foreign 
jumbo jets over the Russian Far 
EasL a Russian aviation official 
said Wednesday. 

The Boeing B-747s. belonging to 
British Airways and Japan's All 
Nippon Airlines, were pul on a 
collision course near the city of 

Khabarovsk on Nov. 29. Alerted by 
on-board warning equipment, the 
two pilots managed to change di- 
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close the airliners came to each 
other. Both were flying at 10,000 
meters 133.000 feet). 

A Russian investigation said that 
“serious error" by a controller was 
responsible for the near-co Ilia on. 

With MCI CALL USA and MCI WORLD REACH services, 
reaching around the world has never been easier. 


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PLO-Israel Security Deadlock Needs 
Senior-Level Review, Negotiators Say 

TABA, Egypt (AFP)— Israeli and FLO negotiators discusang autono- 
my issues said Wednesday that a deadlock over the control of border 

* ... i ■ i.. .1 . au .U ..11., a, « InaW tnm 

that tbe Palestine Liberation Organization was proposing a “new ap- 
proach” on security issues Israel’s response was expected soon, he said. 

The Pales tinians have insisted on two points, which the Israelis reject: 
tbe hoisting of the Palestinian flag on the ADenby Bridge l in k ing the 
occupied West Bank to Jordan, and “administrative coordination on the 
road from the Jericho area to the bridge, sources close to tbe talks said. 

Die PLO chief. Yasser Arafat, is set to meet with Foreign Minister 
Shimon Peres on Saturday in Oslo, sources said. The start of mores 
toward Palestinian autonomy in the West Bonk area of Jericho and in the 
Gaza Strip has been delayed by more than a month because erf security 
issues and other mailers. Water rights, expected to be the toughest issoe 
of all have yet to be discussed, a Palestinian delegate said 

Balladur Leads in a Presidential Poll 

PARIS (Rem ere) — Prime Minister Edouard Balladur could win a 
presidential election in France on the first ballot if he were the center- 
right coalition's joint candidate, a poll published Wednesday showed 

The poll by the -Sofas institute for the newspaper Le Figaro, TF 1 
television and Europe 1 radio, showed that Mr. Balladur would win an 
out right majority of 52 percent on the first round The survey showed that 
55 percent of voters believed that Mr. Balladur, a Gaullist, had the best 
chance erf winning the next presidential election, due in May 1995, far 
ahead of Jacques Chirac, the Gaullist party's leader, with 13 percent. 

Every previous ejection since the presidency was decided by universal 
suffrage has gone to a runoff round Even de Gaulle failed to win a 
majority on the first ballot in 1965. Only a handful of voters believe that a 
Socialist can win, with 5 percent for Jacques Defers and just 3.S percent 
for the Socialist Party leader, Mkid Rocard tbe most likely candidate. 

Trial Begins in Gandhi Assassination 

MADRAS, India (Reuters) — The Jong-ddayed tnal of 4J people 
accused of plotting the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv 
Gandhi opened Wednesday under a veil of secrecy. 

Judge S.M- Siddickk bared all press from the trial which is being held 
in this capital of (Ik southern state of . Tamil Nadu, not far from where 
Mr. Gandhi was killed 

All the defen dants art Tamils and indode leaders of the Liberation 
Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which is fighting for a separate state north and 
east Sri Lanka. 

China and U.S- Sign Drift-Net Accord 

BELTING (Renters) — China and the United States have signed an 
accord on joint inspcctionof boats suspected of usiqg hanned drift nets to 
fish in international waters, the official People's Dmly said Wednesday. 

The agreement is intended to help enforce a UN ban an certain types 
drift-net fishing, the newspaper said Joint UJ5. and Chinese teams will 
inspect fishing boots that are suspected of using banned drift nets and 
that are registered in or flying die flag of either country. 

Drift nets, which can be up to to 30 miles (50 kilometers) long, entangle 
not only fish but many sea mammals and seabirds. In May. LLS. Coast 
Guard cutlers chased a Chinese fishing vessel in waters off the Aleutian 
Islands in what was the first discovered violation of the UN moratorium. 

Egypt Police Storm Muslim Enclave 

CAIRO (Reuters) — More than 1,000 Egyptian commando police 
officers swept through Muslim militant hideouts in southern Cairo on 
Wednesday in the bloodiest crackdown this year. 

At least 60 Muslims suspected of taking pan in a ware of terrorist 
violence and assassination attempts were arrested in the dawn raids, in 
which one policeman and one militant were lolled. 

The Egyptian government referred 15 militants to a military court on 
charges of belonging to an illegal group that tried to kiD Prime Minister 
Atef Sedki in a car bomb attack in November. 


Debonair Airways to Fly From U.K. 

LONDON (Reuters; — Debonair Airway's, a new European line, said 
it planned to start flying from London-Gatwick in October, starting with 
sendees to Paris. Amsterdam, Berlin and Munich on BAe 146-300 jets. 

The founder. Franco Mancassda, an Italian and former executive with 
praunenta! and other U2S. airlines, said he hoped to fill a gap at Garwick 
for^t-haul traffic left by the demise of Air Europe in 1991 and DanAir 

Mr. Mancassola is halfway to securing the £13 A million (about S20 
nullum) in financing that he needs to launch the airline and said, he would 

suS'ctialy * ^ 10 SCVen 96 ~ seat j elJi {rom BAe's Asset Management, a 

About L000 travelers remained stranded on Madeira on Wednesday as 
stormy weather caused the cancellation of flights to and from the 
Portuguese island for the third day. Santa Ca tarina airport was closed to 
most traffic Monday by winds of 100 kilometers an hour (60 miles an 
nour). me winds and heavy rain continued Tuesday and Wednesday. 
Strong winds were forecast for the Atlantic region through Friday. (AP) 

A typhoon struck northeastern Australia on Wednesday after grazing 
Papua New Guinea, where it was believed to have killed nine people. Tbe 
storm claimed its firet victim in Australia when a boy in Brisbane was- 

and d r <wned ‘ Heav y seas were whipped up 
by winds up to 160 kilometers an hour (100 miles an hour). (AP) 

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'• LOS ANGELES— As Presitiem 
•.Bill. Clinton arrived here to survey 
the damage after Southern Califor-’ 
'nia’s earthquake. Los Angdes area . 
commuters entered the unfamiliar, 
world of having ib share their vehi-' 
des with neighbors or use public 
transportation on Wednesday. 

Twostrong aftershocksmmbled 
through the Los Angeles area with- 
in minutes of each other Wednes- 
day afternoon. The first measured 
between 5.0 and 5.1 on the Richter 
scale, but toe iragmtute of the sec- 
ond, which hit ohiya few mmoles ' 
later, was not immediately avail- 
able. The earthquake early Mon- 

State officials estimated that the 
damage could reach 530 bhEon. 
'and the death toll rose to 44. > 

- Los Angdes County hospitals 
said they had treated 2,863 patients 
for quake-related injuries, 530 of . 
them serious eoough to requirehos- ' 
pitalization. 1 - 

Mr. Clm ton' amved&orn- Wash- 
emoT Pete Wilson of ' California, 
Mayor Richard Riordan of- Los: . 
Angdes and the state's U.S. sena- 
tors, Barbara Boxer and Dianne 
Feinstem, met the president at the 
Hollywood- Burbank Airport 

The president then headed by 
motorcade to inspect some of-' the 
' worst damage to the region’s crip- ' 
pled freeway system. ' " 

• In the San Fernando Valky, Mr. 

' Qimoa got oat offais limousine at 
the intersection of the Golden State 
-and Antelope 1 Valley freeways, a . 
•‘key link between Los Angeles and 
' its northern suburbs. The intersec- 
tion was destroyed when one road 
collapsed on the other. Both roads 
handle a combined flow of over 
300,000 cars a day. 

President ■ Ctmton pledged to. 
search for “unusual and tinprw*- 

- . Onsite C huc-TVAwcutnlPro 

Two sections of feeder ramps that collapsed in the quake, center left and right, at the intersection of stale Route 14 and Interstate 5. 

darted” , steps to . help Southern 
California recover. 

M lft important that we move this 
‘ thing asqirickly as we can,” he said. 

The director of Office oT Man- 
agement and Budget, Leon E Pa- 
netta, traveling with Mr. Clin ton, 
said die president was delivering 
545 million for immediate highway 
repairs and debris removal and ad- 
ditional Small Business Adminis- 

tration £ 

that would make 
million in loans. 

Metrolink, one of the mass trans- 
portation rail services, said that 
trains which normally cany as few 
as six passengers during the morn- 
ing rash boor were packed with 
mote than 200 people Wednesday. 

The rail authority has more than 
doubled thesize of its trains on the 
Santa Clarita line. one of its main 

commuter services, but was still re- 
porting packed conditions. 

Mass transit car parks, adjacent 
to commuter rail stations and bus 
stops, also were overflowing. 

Morning radio talk shows were 
openly speculating that this was the 
beginning of a total change in com- 
muter habits of area residents who 
have persistently refnsed to accept 
government warnings that the 

Southern California life-style was 

Commuter trains and buses were 
running up to an hour behind 
schedule because of detours, the 
need to slow down near to land- 
slide areas, and riders' lack of fa- 
nuhariiy with the public transpor- 
tation system. 

For those motorists determined 
not to break the habit of a lifetime, 
the situation was even worse, with 

some commutes taking three hours 
longer than usual, the police said. 

Large stretches of 1 1 major road- 
ways leading to downtown Los An- 
geles were closed to traffic. 

Drivers from Santa Clarita were 
forced off severed Interstate 5 and 
backed up 10 miles ( 16 kilometers) 
on a weaving 20-mile route of sur- 
face roads. Confused motorists 
formed an agonizingly slow proces- 
sion. sometimes stopping for direc- 

“'Right now most of them don't 
know where they’re going.” said a 
highway patrol officer. Jim Mair. 
"But I imagine they'll be picking it 
up pretty quick. They'll nave a lot 
of ume to practice.” 

The death toO rose to 42 early 
Wednesday when the bodies of a 
couple w ere found in their home in 
suburban Van Nuys. They were 
crushed to death in bed when a 
wardrobe crashed down on them. 

The count later climbed to 44 
when two people died of heart at- 
tacks provoked by the earthquake. 

Thousands of jittery’ residents 
continued to camp out in parks and 
shelters, and people found them- 
selves in ever-ionger lines for gas, 
food, water, which were in short 

More than 2.500 people have 
been displaced from their homes. 

Streets were empty overnight 
Tuesday during a second night of 
an 1 1 P’M.-uvf A.M. curfew. More 
than 2.000 National Guard troops 
patrolled to prevent looting. 

Nighttime brought the eerie glow 
of dozens of small fires to neigh- 
borhoods darkened by power out- 

Schools were ordered closed 
Wednesday due to structural dam- 
age in many school buildings. 

1.4 P. AFP. Reuters) 

Away From Politics 

■ Hie vires responsible for the version of AIDS 
fotmd in monkeys has beat isolated Tor the fust 
rime, in the blood of a laboratory worker who was 
exposed to an infected animal; the findings about 
simian imrnuoodeficiesicy virus show “the risk of 
human infection with Stv is no knaecmeitly hypo- 
thetical.” said a team led by Dr. Kuna Khabbaz of 
the Centers for Disease ControTand Prevention. 

• A federal agem who partkipatedm a raid on the 
Branch Davkfian compound in Texas testified that 
one erf the 1 1 sect members on trial for murder in 
San Antonio had shot and wounded him. “Every- 
thing is etched on my bram-imtB the day 1 die," 
said Eric Evers of the XJJSL Bureau of Alcohol, 
Tobacco and Firearms. He identified Livingston 
Fagan, 34, as' the gunman. Mr. Fagan. 34. a native 
of Jamaica- who- was ; raised & Nottingham, Eng- 
land, is the first of the defendants to be finked 
directly to the gmbattle that followed the Feb. 28 
raid to serve a warrant forweapons charges. . . 

■ A potential repeat of the Anorak disaster that 
tolled 41 people was nammty averted when au- 
thorities were notified that a loose barge hadhit a 
bridge near Amelia. Louisiana, knoc k i n g it out of 
alignment. The Miami-to-tos Angdes . Sunset 
Limited was stopped about IQ minutes away from 
the bridge. On Sept. 22, the Sunset Limited 
plunged off a bridge into a bayou near Mobile, 

Alabama. The National Transportation Safety 
Board said abarge had strode the bridge. 

- -•The Postal Service has. recalled an incoming 
■-.sheet of stamps celebrating the American West, 

'aetawwl edging it put the wrong cowboy on one 
istamp.The family of the rodeo star Bill Pfcketi had 
. said that the stamps, scheduled for March release, 
depicted one of the cowbepr's brothers. The agency 
•will destroy the sheets and issue a corrected version. 

• Shannon FauDcuer, 18, said she would begin at- 
tending The Citadel on Thursday, following the 
lifting of a court order that had stopped her from 
becoming the first woman to attend day classes at 
the military college in South Carolina. ‘‘When 1 am 
able to talk to than one-on-one, I hope they will see 

- me as anindwiduaL” she said of the male cadets. 

• Teenagers must be off the streets by 11 PAL 
under a Dade County, Florida, crime-fighting or- 
dinance adopted by county commissioners on a 

; 10-to-3 vote. The Curfew is expected ro be ch al- 
ien gedin court by^civfl rights activists. '• 

• A former co-writer of Lorena Bobbitt’s testified 

■ that Mis. Bobbin once said she would cut off her 
husband's penis if she ever caught him dreating on 
her. The co-worker, Connie James, testified in 

• . Manassas, Virginia, that she had said, “That would 
hurt him more than just killing him." Mrs. Bobbitt 

■ has denied ever making such a statement. Sic says 

she art off her husband’s penis in 1993 because of 
repeated physical and sexual abuse duing their 
four-year marriage: Room, AP. NTT. wp 

Quake Victims as Retailers 9 Victims 

Lot Angeles Times Service 

LOS ANGELES — Some resi- 
dents of earthquake-ravaged com- 
munities have become victims of a 
different sort as merchants have 
increased prices on such everyday 
necessities as milk, water, gasoline, 
batteries and disposable diapers. 

At a shelter set up for victims at 
Sybnar. High School a woman told 
aides to Representative Howard L 
Berman, Democrat of California, 
that a convenience store had 
charged her SI JO for a cup of wa- 

In San Fernando, the police per- 
suaded a gas station manager to 
lower gasoline prices after he had 
bolstered them 140 percent. 

.. Throughout the region, there 
were reports of price gouging on 
supplies to repair water pipes and 
water beaters, and plywood needed 
to board storefronts and windows. 

Anticipating further such re- 
ports, authorities in Los Angdes 
nave established a task force to 
handle quako-rdaled complaints 
about price gouging, charity fund- 

raising events and public insurance 
adjusters, among other things. 

in Los Angdes, merchants can 
be prosecuted for price gouging, 
which is defined as raising prices by 
10 percent more than protester 
prices. The ordinance was adopted 
after the 1992 riots, when Los An- 
geles area law enforcement officials 
found they bad few legal loots to 
fight price gouging. 

Deputy City Attorney Ruth 
Kwan, who beads the task force, 
said rite had received complaints 
about two convenience stores in the 
San Fernando Valley charging S6 
for 3 gallon of water, and a con- 
struction supply company peddling 

four sheets of plywood for S 1.000. 
more than 10 limes the usual price. 

“Our officers are coming back 
with reports from citizens all over 
the city.” said Robert Parks, public 
information officer for the San Fer- 
nando Police Department. “1116 
most ridiculous price I’ve heard is 
58 for a gallon of milk.” 

Immediately after the quake, the 
gas station manager raised the 
prire of regular gasoline to $2.50 a 
gallon from $1.04. 

“Our officers persuaded him to 
use better judgment.” said the San 
Fernando police chief, Dominick 
Rivetli. The gasoline was back at 
prequake prices Wednesday. 


Clinton, in Checkup, Cote Top Prados 

NEW YORK — President Bill Clhuon was declared "in excellent 
health” after his first annual medical checkup as presidenL 

Mr. Clinton spent six and a half hours at BeLhesda Naval Hospital 
on Tuesday undergoing the routine physical: he later told reporters 
he felt "great." 

The president, who suffers from allergies, was advised to continue 
his dcsensituation shots, the White House said in a statement from 
his press secretary. Dee Dee Myers. 

His cholesterol count was 204 milligrams per deciliter, which is 
considered on the borderline of high, according to guidelines from 
the National Cholesterol Education Program. But Dr. Robert Ram- 
sey. the White House physician, found “no indication of bean 
disease or other serious disorders,” on the basis of an electrocardio- 
gram and a treadmill exercise test. Ms. Myers said. 

Mr. Clinton's cholesterol level had been as high as 227 in recent 
years but had dropped to 184 in October 1992. His lowest cholesterol 
reading was 161. in 1986. Cholesterol values can fluctuate with 
changes in weight and diet as well as stress. 

The president, 47. is 6 feel 2*A inches (190 centimeters) tall and 
weighed 210 pounds (95 kilograms) Tuesday. His weight has fluctu- 
ated over the last few years. He weighed 226 pounds in September 
1991 and 215 pounds in October 1992. At that time, his doctor in 
Little Rock. Arkansas, said he recommended a goal of 200 to 220 

The examination included a chest X-ray. bearing test, eye exami- 
nation. and allergy and skin examinations. Other, unspecified blood 
tests, the White House said, “were completely normal." {NYT) 

Walsh Report Pursues Worth to Senate Race 

WASHINGTON — In the final report oa the Iran -contra affair, 
Oliver L. North, now a Virginia Senate candidate, is portrayed as 
someone who repeatedly lied, broke the Jaw and misused money. The 
report was made public only days before Mr. North planned to open 
his campaign formally. 

The report from Lawrence E Walsh, the special prosecutor, which 
came out Tuesday, wifi create significant political fallout for the 
first-time candidate, according to analysts. It refocuses attention on 
Mr. North’s role in the scandal and questions bis integrity- Both 
contrast sharply with Mr. North's repeated descriptions of himself as 
a White House subordinate who loyally followed orders. 

Despite the Nonh camp's efforts to play down the significance of 
the report, lawyers had fought for several months to prevent its 
release, contending that Mr. Walsh bad treated Mr. North and other 
Iran-contra participants unfairly. A judge who also questioned Mr. 
Walsh's fairness offered those named in the report a chance to 
include a written response, but Mr. North did not offer any. ( WP) 

Friends, and Funds, Deserting Packwood? 

WASHINGTON — Senator Bob Packwood raised $25,600 for 
legal expenses during the fourth quarter of last year, less than half 
the $57,000 he had taken in during the previous quarter, according to 
a report file! by the Oregon Republican with the Senate. 

Including the gifts made between Oct. I and Dec. 31. Mr. 
Packwood has raised more than $300,000 for expenses incurred 
because of investigations by the Senate Select Committee on Ethics 
and the Justice Department into his sexual and official conduct. 

But the p3<r of giving appeared to drop off just as Mr. Packwood’* 
legal burden grew heavier. It was during this period that the ethics 
committee went to court to enforce a subpoena for his diaries and the 
Justice Department filed a separate subpoena for the journals. fWP ) 

Quote /Unquote 

Christine Todd Whitman, after being sworn in as New Jersey’s 
50th governor and its first woman chief executive, calling for an 
immediate start on her campaign pledge to cut slate income taxes by 
nearly one-third: "We will be competitive. No more losing our 
employers to job raids by low-tax states. New Jersey is open for 
business.” (NIT) 

« mi nil 

Not Even Beer Gets Brewed in U.S. Cold 

The Assoaoied Press 

NEW YORK— It was so cold they stopped 
brewing beer in Milwaukee. The Statue of Lib- 
erty stopped welcoming visitors* People in At- 
' Ian la were asked not to bathe; And a town in 
West Virginia just, shut down Wednesday be- 
cause of the cold. 

Across mpSt of the eastern United States, 
brutally cold temperatures closed schools, busi- 
nesses, roads *nd airports. The mayor of Par- 
kersburg, West "Virginia, sent government 
workers home and asked businesses to dose. 

From Kentocky toMaine, thousands of peo- 
ple were without electricity or drinking water. 
Utilities struggled to keep up with record de- 
mands for heat and power. 

At least 69 deaths have been blamed on the 
(told snap that began on toe weekend. Most of 
toe victims were killed on icy roads or had heart ■ 
attacks shoveling stow. Souk- froze to d e ath , 
including a baby born Monday in an un heated 
bouse in Dayton, Ohio, where it was a record 
minus 25 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 32 centi- 
grade) Tuesday. . 

In Milwaukee; Miller Brewing Co. canceled • 
its evening and moraing work shifts because of 
the weather for the first time in at least 10 years, 

, rather than make employees come to work -in 
toe cold. It was minus 17 .degrees Fahrenheit 
(minus 27 centigrade). 

. In New York City; toe Statue of libertyand 
SHs island were dosed Wednesday because toe 
docks were too icy for tourists to board the ‘ 
ferries. ' 

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Record lows for toe day were recorded in 
dozens of cities, including Washington, Chica- 
go and St Cloud; Minnesota, where the mercu- 
ry topped to minus 40 degrees Fahrenheit (also 

minus 40 degrees centigrade). 

The temperature in Washington on Wednes- 
day readied minus four degrees Fahrenheit 
(minus 20 degrees centigrade), eclipsing toe 
previous record low of 3 degrees Fahrenheit 
(minus 20 centigrade). Icy winds and cold cur- 
tailed operations at area airports and forced 
federal offices to shut down until at least Fri- 

The mayor of Atlanta, BID Campbell, asked 
residents not to bathe Wednesday after three 
pipes supplying toe city with water from the 
Chattahoochee River broke. 

■ Bile Feft Even in Giicago 

Chicago is a tough dty, its residents defiantly 
proud of their ability to withstand harsh winter 
weather that would defeat the less resilient, the 
Washington Post reported. Last week, in an 
item he labeled “wimp watch,” the Chicago 
Tribune’s new Washington bureau chief report- 
ed with unabashed Midwestern disdain how 
some schools in the Washington area had been 
dosed “is anticipation of snow." 

But (here are limits for even the hardiest of 
winter warriors, and on Tuesday and Wednes- 
day those Kmits were reached in Chicago. The 
public schools and most other schools in the 
area closed rather than expose children to tem- 
peratures that never climbed above minus 11 
degrees Fahrenheit (minus 214 centigrade) and a 
windchill index that reached minus 70 Fahren- 
heit (minus 57 centigrade). 

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First Prize 

$ 600 = 


Classified Valentine Message Contest 

Every year on February 1 4th, more and more people 
use the Trib's classified section to send a greeting to the Valentine 
of their choice and some of them get pretty creative. 

This inspired us to have some fun with our 
readers by launching u contest for the most original 
classified Valentine. Here’s how it works. 

Print your classified message on the form 
below — minimum 3 lines — and mail it to your 
nearest IHT office together with your remittance 
or your credit card reference. Your ad will run on 

Valentine’s day Monday. February 14th and that 
evening the juty will meet to select the winners. 
The results will be published in the IHTS edition 
of Monday. February 2 1 st. 

So Have some tun with us, wherever you 
may be. Get your creative juices flowing and send 
in your entry today. 

Sikh Vets in Canada Face a New Enemy 



By Anne Swardson 

Washington Post Sendee 

TORONTO — Marching in a Canadian Vet- 
erans Day parade in November, Pritam Singh 
Jauhal proudly wore the medal* he had carried 
fittotingm toe British 8th Army ia Nonh Africa 

dufingworid War 0- . . 

But when he and five other Sikh veterans 
tried to enter toe local Royal Canadian Legion 
hafl fa a Vancouver suburb for a commenwra- 
tive gathering, they were hatred at -toe door. 
The dress code, legion officials explained, for- 
bade headgear, and toe men were wrarmg wr- 
bans. Because turbans are wqttired wear for 
Sikh males. Mr. Jauhal and his colleagues de- 
clined to remove theirs. - ■ 

“Since we all fought together m the battle 
against the common enemy, why should we not 
Wbic to go like brothers into one room?" Mr. 
Jauhal, 73 and a Canadian citizen, asked at toe 
time. "They are bong dfigraoeful and disgust- 

“^fhe governing; body Of die national Canadi- 
an Legion, embarrassed by toepuhSaty, quick- 
ly issued an order requiring toe 1,750 local 
branches of the veterans’ organization not to 
consider turbans ’'headgear.” . 

But a smattering of k&oos aeraas to e com-, 
uy said toev would defy toe national enter, and 

~a number of legiotinaires have made statements 
suggestmgthey believe Sikhs are something less 
than true Canadians. 

A recent survey found that 4J percent of 
respondents felt that Canadian immigration 
policy allowed in “too many people of different 
races and cultures.” Although h was the first 
time the question had been asked, similar sur- 
veys indrcate resenunent of immigrants is on 
toe rise. The Ottawa Gtizeh newspaper quoted 
a confidential government document as saying. 
“A- beHeT that Canada is accepting too many 
immigrants from ethnic minonties appears to 

The controversy has even spread to Queen 
Elizabeth II, to whom veterans say they are 

queen, wbohas met trito^torbaaed SkhTwito- 
-ooi raking offense, is aware of toe dispute but 
does not wish to get involved, according to a 
spokesman ai Bodtingham Palace. 

. : Canada, is home to nearly 150,000 Sikhs, a 
religious, group whose members have teen im- 
migrating fromT India since toe turn of toe 
century. Sikhs were responsible for a few terror- 
ist incidents here in toe mid-1980s but for toe 
mow pmT have been law-abiding dozens. For 
practicing S5kh men, wearing a turban over 
their eocoi hair is a requirement 

Members of the Sikh community said they 
heard no objections to their turbans while fight- 
ing in the wars and ask why should they hear 
item now. In toe Veterans Day incident, the 
legion specifically open edits doors to veterans 
from all countries, Sikhs point out. 

“Sikh people have become very visible in 
politics, business and other parts of C anad i a n 
Hfe," said Gian Singh Sandbu, an adviser to the 
World Sikh Organization in Vancouver, “That 
certainly is perceived as a threat by a small 

Greg Hogan, spokesman for toe dominion 
national command of the legion, pointed out 
that coly a few of the 1,750 local legion 
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is an issue. A few years ago, the Royal Canadi- 
an Mounted Police changed its rules and al- 
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Bentsen, in Beijing, 
Insists on 'Serious’ 
Progress on Rights 

CavplM by Our Staff From Dispatches 

BEIJING — Treasury Secretary 
Lloyd Ben isen delivered this mes- 
sage to China on Wednesday: Im- 
prove your record on human rights 
or risk losing trade concessions 
From the United States. 

“What we're looking for is con- 
crete, serious progress," Mr. Bent- 
sen said at a news conference after 
meeting with the Chinese prune 
minister, Li Peng. “Some of that 
has been made. We anticipate and 
hope for more." 

He said Mr. Li made no prom- 

Mr. Bentsen, who arrived 
Wednesday, is the highest-ranking 
member of the U.S. administration 
to visit China since President Bill 
Clinton took office a year ago. 

The Treasury secretary said be 
was pleased by China's release of 
two prominent political prisoners 
this month, but added that Chinese 
officials gave no sign that they were 
willing to do more. 

Mr. Clinton has tied China's 
roost-favored- nation trade status, 
which is up for renewal in June, to 
progress in correcting alleged Chi- 
nese abuses of human rights. 

Mr. Bentsen described his talks 
with Mr. Li as “very frank." 

He sought to convince the Chi- 
nese that the administration was 
not isolated on the issue and that 
Congress was also behind it. 

“It's important to the U.S. presi- 
dent, it's important to Congress," 
Mr. Bentsen said. “There can be no 
illusion about that, no misunder- 

China has opposed linking trade 
with human rights, which it regards 
as interference in its internal af- 

China's loss of the favored trade 
status would be a blow both to 
Beijing and Washington. The Unit- 
ed States would suffer if trade with 
one of the world's fastest growing 
major economies was undercut. 

The World Bank has said that 
the removal of the trade advan- 
tages, which involve, among other 
things, lowered U.S. tariffs on im-' 
ported goods, could slash Chinese 
exports to the United States by as 
much as % percent. 

Besides making known Washing- 
ton's concern about China's human 
rights record. Mr. Bentsen said be 
came to Beijing to hdp American 
companies win a bigger piece of the 
rapidly growing Chinese market, 
and to urge Beijing to open its 
economy more to foreign competi- 

“It’s really rime to en g a g e China 
on economic issues." Mr. Bentsen 
said before a dinner with Finance 

Minister Liu Zhongli. "We need to 
help China reform. The benefits of 
trade and investment cannot hdp 
Ch in a unless China lets it happen-" 

China has an annual trade sur- 
plus of more than S20 billion with 
the United States, second only to 
Japan's S50 billion. 

Mr. Benlsen. who is on a round- 
the-world trip that has already tak- 
en him to Russia, Indonesia and 
Thailand, is scheduled to meet 
President Jiang Zemin and Deputy 
Prime Minister Zhu Rongji on 

On Friday, he will help reinstate 
a joint economic committee that 
has not met since 1987. before the 
crackdown on pro-democracy 
demonstrators by the Chinese mili- 
tary. The committee will provide a 
forum to discuss China’s efforts to 
reform its economy and UJ5. con- 
cerns about Chinese trade prac- 

But in the end. Mr. Bentsen said, 
progress on human rights was es- 
sential to future ties between the 
two countries. “I’m making it clear 
that progress on human rights is 
basic to our relationship,** he said. 

The Xinhua press agency said 
Mr. Li told Mr. Bentsen: “China 
and the United States should seize 
the current opportunity and take 
practical steps in order to push 
Sino-U.S. relations back onto the 
normal track of development at an 
early date." 

“From a realistic as well as a 
long-term perspective," Mr. Li was 
quoted as saying, “a wide range of 
common interests exists between 
China and the United States, who 
should maintain a healthy and 
good relationship and enhance mu- 
tually beneficial cooperation in all 

Mr. U acknowledged that differ- 
ences existed between the two 
sides, and he repeated Beijing's call 
for consultation rather than con- 
frontation. {Reuters, AP) 

■ Bush Speaks of Progress 

Former President George Bush 
told Prime Minister Chuan Leek- 
pai of Thailand on Wednesday that 
he had seen progress on human 
rights when he visited C hina earlier 
this week. Reuters reported from 

“They talked a bit about the 

Japan’s Politicians 

R«to™ Vote Too Close to Call 

that has! 

China Unveils Plan for Modern Warplane 


BEUING —China plans to design and pro- 
duce advanced jet Fighters by the year 2000, the 
official Xinhua press agency reported on 

Such planes would be a counterweight to 
those in the formidable Taiwanese Air Force, 
which has its own advanced Fighter and sophis- 
ticated U.S. and French warplanes. 

In making the announcement. Zhu Yuli, 
bead of the state-owned Aviation Industries of 
China, did not address strategic questions. Xin- 
hua said. But be did describe the effort as part 
of an ambitious industry “take off plan." 

Beijing's goals, he said, were to build a com- 
pletely Chinese-made fighter as well as ad- 
vanced turbojet engines and military helicop- 

“By the year 2000. China will be able to 

design and produce its own advanced fighter 
planes for die People's Liberation Army," Mr. ■ 
Zhu said. 

China also plans to buBd a “complete re- 
search and production system for advanced 
helicopters," he said, and wifl be able to “design 
and produce turbojet engines for military 

Beijing is a major buyer of Western commer- 
cial aircraft. But because of its communist ide- 
ology, C hina is not granted access to Western 
military aircraft. 

The planned fighter would enable China to 
ease its long-standing dependence on the Sovi- 
et-era MiG and Sukhoi designs, which Beijing 
fears have been losing their strategic edge since 
the collapse of the Soviet Union. The Chinese 
Air Force upgrades the older Soviet jet lighten 
with advanced Chinese-made avionics. 

If it successfully produces its own advanced 
fighter, Chma would be better poised to enter 
the potentially lucrative jet fighter market, now 
dominated by the United States and France: 

■ Missile Output Soars 54% 

Mr. Zhu also was quoted as saying that 
Chinese missile production grew 53.9 percent 
last year, compared with 1992, Agence France- 
Presse reported Wednesday from Beijing. The 
official did not give production figures, howev- 

A Western expert said, "This spectacular 
increase shows a great wcapons-producrion ef- 
fort by C hina, and a marked increase in m2*- . 
tary exports." 

C hina has been accused by the United Stares 
of delivering missiles to such countries as Paki- 
stan, Iran and Syria. 

. - By T.R-Reid ■ • 
Wodangto* Pott Service 

TOKYO — As Japan's parlia- 
ment moves toward final action on 
legislation that could determin e the 
fiST of Prime Minister Moritriro 
Hosokawa and his government. 
Japanese politicians have resorted 
to something unusual here: They 
are actually counting votes. 

In this consensus-minded coun- 
try any major dfloskw is expected 
to be worked out harmoniously 
among all the parties, so dial the 
actual vote is virtually u nanim ous 
and thus a Formality. 

But Mr. Hosokawa s far-reach- 
ing plan to revamp the national 
election system and tighten cam- 
paign-finance laws would change 
the political framework so. drasti- 
cally that harmony, much less una- 
nimity, has been hard to come by. 

When tbe bill comes np for final 
pnetapa, probably this week, in the 
upper bouse of the Diet, Japan's 
parliament, the vote is likely to be 
so tigh t that leaders of every party 
arepleading and politicking on tbe 
theory that every vote counts. 

Most political pros still say Mr. 
Hosokawa is hkeay to prevail — a 

result that wouM enhance his repu- 
tation as a political wizard and 
strengthen his stature as one of the 
most popular prime ministers in 
Japan's history. A defeat would be 
a serious setback that might even 
force Mm to dissolve his govern-' 
mem and call elections. 

{ Japan's rating coalition, decided 
in a midnight session Wednesday 

to delay for one day an upper house 

committee vote on .the political re- 
form bills, Reuters reported. 

TA parliamentary official sad, 
“Tbe Japanese cabinet and coali- 
tion lawmakers were all ready for 
tbe panel vote tonight, but it was 

df ei^fd to delay actxn mt& at 
least Thursday morning," The 
threat to put the coalition's reform 
pfair to a vote appeared to be a 

which so far has refused to ease its 
<Wi«n ds for major revisons to the 

[Eleventh-hour talks had been 
scheduled between Mr. Hcsokawa 
q nd the liberal Democratic leader. 
Yohei Kano on Wednesday nMtt 
in hopes the two leaders would be 
able to break (he stalemate. Those 
too have been delayed. A compro- 
mise pact is seen as crucial io both 
rides, neither of which is certain of 
prevailing in a foil upper house 

Political Tokyo is wrapped m an 
air of tension right now. but in 
contrast to the fnsson of exhilara- 
tion these moments spark in Wash- 
ington, Japan’s political world a 
hardly savoring its Mg momeaL 

“Of course we wish we could do 
(Ms another way, with agreem ent 
frinn all parties," smd Defense 
Minis ter Kazoo Aida. “But afact 
it corns out we’re going to hare to 
win this on tbe votes.” ' '\b : 

Mr. Hosokawa madeMstoiylast 
year when he meticutouily p M K hfl d 
together a s®MH»rty >gawrirag 
coalition. His jury-rigged VgvWm- 
ment ended four decades oC-.cne- ; 
pa rty rule by the Ubdr& Demo- 
cratic Party, the most ooSssas&i& 
of Japan’s major partki 7 ;V.^ 

The new law would iethmv-®- 
trict boundaries for ereripseacfc 
the lower house of 

dons from corporations. Thc pnob- 
Imi for Mr. Hosokawa. tra it 
would jeopardize several parties,— 
indudmgtbe Socialists, who mate ; 
.up the largest blocmh&ooafitiqB. 

countries as Paid- 

North Korea Denies Buying Arms Device 

Compiled hr Our Staff From Dispatches 

TOKYO - — North Korea denied 

to slander the isolated Co mmunis t potted three spectrum analyzers to tioos into tbe alleged sale said Sat- 
staie. North Korea via China, which urday he believed the spectrum an- 

would be a violation of rules set by alyzers had reached North Korea 

changes that both leaders have seen on Wednesday allegations that Jap- 
in China." said tbe government anese companies haH sold it a de- 
spokesman, Abhisit Vejjajiva. “ vice called a spectrum analyzer, 
George Bush himself said that he is which could be used to guide baQis- 

very excited by the changes." 

Mr. Bush arrived in Thailand on 
Tuesday after a five-day private 

tic missiles. 

, _ j The official North Korean press 

trip to China, where he met senior agency KCNa said Japanese “re- 
officials. including Mr. Jiang. acrionaries" had made up the case 

“By inventing the case of export 
of a spectrum analyzer, they fool- 
ishly seek to impair the image of 
the peace-loving North Korea," the 
agency said. 

Tokyo police raided the office of 
Yokohama Machinery Trading Co. 
last week on suspicion the film ex- 

the Coordmatmg committee tot 
the Control of Exports, known as 

KCNA said such equipment had 
never been shipped to North Korea 
through a third country. 

through China. 

“But we need to find more evi- 
dence to prove it." he added. - 
Tbe equipment is capable of 
measuring high frequencies accu- 
rately and reports said the the de- 
vices could be used to improve the 

“It is impossible that the spec- accuracy of North Korea’s nuclear- 


truro analyzer, which is used for the 
development of television and. oth- 
er telecommunication apparatus, 
was exported to tbe DPRK through 
a third country," it said. 


capable Rodong?]. mwale . .• . 
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The Kyodo news agency in Ja-* Korea and other countries fear that 
pan quoted officials of one un- North Korea is secretly developing 
named manufacturer Friday as unclear warheads for the missile, 
saying the spectrum analyzers were which could hit cities in South Ko- 
sold to a Japanese trading compa- rea and western Japan within 10 

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(Reuters, AFP) 

Plutonium-Laced CarUton 
Gets Few Laughs in Japan 


TOKYO — Japanese environmentalists want a nuclear power 
company to withdraw a promotional cartoon video that sh ows a 
rhflH enjoying a glass of water con taining plutonium, group repre- 
sentatives said 'Wednesday. • . 

The video was. produced by Power Reactor A Nodear Develop- 
ment Coqx, which is developing a controversial fast-breeder reactor 
on the Sea of Japan coast in Futati Prefe ct u re. 

Tbe scene in the video is intended to assure residents concerned 
about the dangers of plutonium used in the reactor that it is not 
harmful in small quantities. ; 

But KiyosM Yoshimura, head of the local environmental group 
that began tbe protest, said the^ideadid not specify bow small the 
amounts mnst oe in order to remain safe He added that presenting 

the mwaip. in <m animated mrtnwi was fl cymcalwayof mfflripuiai- 
mg childre n, . 

“Tbe problem, is, the video is in cartoon form and it says simply 
that it is O.K. to drink water with plutonium in it." he said. “It 
doesn’t say how modi is safe: It should be scrapped." 

An offiaal of rite powo - company ssad tbe point about phitoaimn 
in water was that it hardly dissolves^ meaning only a tiny proportion 
of that which passes into the stomach gets absorbed into toe body. 
This contrasts with plutonium in the air, he said, which is absorbed 
more easily when it comes into direct contact with the lungs. 



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Afc Accord Is Elusive as Afrikaner Right Gets More Bellicose 

By Paul Taylor 

Wmfongtm Pan Servtce 

JOHANNESBURG - With prospects fading for a 
potoraf settlement that would draw the white right 
mio Scrt^i Africa’s first democratic election, the 
nghis self-styted man of peace resorted to threats of 
violence Wednesday. 

"Sometimes you have to use a little bit of violace to 
prevent further big viotenee," said the co-ebainnan of 
the Afrikaner People's Front, General Constand V3- 
joen, who retired from the mflitary as head of the 
Sooth African Defense Forces. “If we don’t find sdS- 
detenmnatioD at this stage,*- he said. “then we will 
naw much more violence in the 'future.* 

”*«*«»* ^ pressing for a separate state for Afrika- 
ners, 3 nnlhon whiles of mostly Dutch extraction who 
were responsible for the apartheid system of racial 
.°PP«sson, which will be tiBsmamledafter the April 27 
vole. Its talks with tbe National Part}' government and 
the jVricao National Congress, face a self-imposed 
deadline of Monday, and uonc of the parties expects 
an agreement. 

Since he came out of retirement last April to lead 
the newly formed front. General Vi^oeo has presented 
himself as a would-be and peacemaker ’ 

Many figures in the government, the ANC and the 
diplomatic community hoped lie might ultimately 

moderate the bard-finere in Ins alliance, such as the 
other front co-chairman, Ferdi Haruenberg of the 
Conservative Party, and die neo-Nazi paramilitary 
leader- Eugene Terre' Blanche 

-- I ns te ad, the Failure of the talks sow seems to be 

a shadow rightist government, and lay plans for resist 
ing the ANC-led government expected to take power 
after April 27. Until now General Viljoen and Mr. 
Hamenbcrg have characterized this phase of their 
-resistance campaign as nonviolent, focusing on such 
strategies as tax boycotts. Now they have upped the 
ante, at least rhetorically. 

Over the past several years, there have been episodic 
acts of rightist sabotage. Until now, they have been 
uncoordinated — the works of various small cells of 
Afrikaner resistance fighters. Most analysts believe 
that even if the threat were to become more serious, 
the South African Defense Force would remain loyal' 
to the duly elected government and move to constrain 
it In addition, a new 10,000 member National Peace 
Keeping Force —made up of defense forces troops, 
homeland armies and former liberation armies — is to 
start training later this month. It win be under multi- 

party control and could conceivably be called in to 
quell rightist violence. 

Nelson Mandela, the ANC president called General 
Vfljeon’s comments “very regrettable." Speaking at a 
press luncheon in Johannesburg, Mr. Mandela said 
that the door would remain open for negotiations even 
after Monday, but be reiterated that the ANC would 
□ever accept any state in which ethnicity was the basis 
for full citizenship rights. He did say that if the 
Afrikaners could produce a map of an area in which 
they were in the majority, (be ANC might consider 
accommodating them with a federal slate. But be said 
it now appeared too late to make such changes in time 
for the April 27 vote 

“Don’t imagine that the ultraright represents the 
Afrikaners." Mr. Mandela added, noting that be had 
been bolding talks with the influential Dutch Re- 
formed Church, a leading Afrikaner institution that 
once supported apartheid but opposes an apartheid- 
style Afrikaner state. 

Polls show that the Afrikaner right is becoming 
more isolated as it becomes more doctrinaire. “Yon 
have essentially a mone ti zed resistance, full of a lot of 
crazies,*’ a Western diplomat said. “That increases the 
chances there will be trouble — but probably also 
increases the chances that it can be contained." 

On Jan. 29, another election holdout, the Zulu- 
based Inkaiha Freedom Party, wiB also bold a nation- 
al congress to decide whether it should participate. 
The Inkaiha leader. Chief Mangosuthu Butheiezi, is 
demanding more regional powers, recognition of the 
Zulu monarchy and a double ballot system that would 
allow voters to make separate choices on regional and 

national lists. 

Inkatha and the Afrikaner People's From arc linked 
in the Freedom Alliance. Last week one of the alii-' 
ance's smaller members, the homeland government of 
Ciskei. broke ranks and decided to take part in the 
election. Another alliance member, the homeland gov- 
ernment of Bophuthaiswana. is under heavy pressure 
to do ibe same. Both are heavily dependent on Pre- 
toria for their budgets. 

On a unrelated election matter Wednesday. Mr. 
Mandela defended the ANC decision to allow bis 
estranged wife. Winnie, to be one of its candidates for 
national parliament, despite her 1991 conviction on a 
kidnapping charge. He noted that Mrs. Mandela had 
finished fifth — out of hundreds of candidates — in 
the ANCs internal list-making vote conducted by all 
its grass-roots chapters. “If the masses decide that in 
spite of her so-called criminal record, she should stand 
for parliament.” he said, “we must accept that.” 


■ ( unu 

hi km. 

ere ‘-fy 

rir . *r?‘ 

BOSNIA: Butros Ghali Says 'No 1 

PkocA Avidft/Thc Aoooaicri Ptna 

David Owen, the European Union mediator, center, meeting Wednesday with President Slobodan MSosevic of Serbia, left, and 
Kadovan Karadzic, leader of Bosnia’s Seths, in Genera. No acorn) was readied on Bosna, but the parties agreed to more talks Feb. 10. 

' Continued from Page 1 
tioned in Bosnia and Croatia. The 
British international mediator. 
Lord David Owen, warned that the 
situation was extremely serious. He 
said that one of the nations most 
committed to UN peacekeeping 
operations, Canada, was “seriously 
contemplating its withdrawal" 

The British foreign secretary, 
Douglas Hurd, is going to Bosnia 
on Friday to consult with com- 
manders of the British contingent 
based in Vitez about bow its with- 
drawal could be safety executed, 
according to British press reports. 

The latest round of negotiations 
here failed to make any headway 
over the proposed boundaries and 
territories of three ethnically based 
republics that would leave the Bos- 
nian government with 33.3 percent 
of the country to establish a Mus- 
lim-dominated one. 

The only new development at ibe 
talks was' an agreement between 
Croatia and Serbia, whose war in 
1991 led to the dissolution of the 
former Yugoslavia and the out- 
break of the Bosnian conflict, to 
open “official representation" of- 
fices in each other’s capitals start- 
ing Feb. 15. 

The accord, signed by the two 

countries’ foreign ministers in the 
presence of President Slobodan 
Milosevic of Serbia and President 
Franjo Tudjman of Croatia, ap- 
peared io be a first step toward 
eventual reciprocal diplomatic rec- 

It will also likely lead to an im- 
mediate Croat-Serb military alli- 
ance against the Muslim-led Bosni- 
an government, 

Mr. Milosevic and Mr. Tudjman. 
who have of tea discussed their own 
plans for the partition of Bosnia in 
their mutual favor, have now found 
smother reason for closer coopera- 
tion. This is their common interest 
in containing the Muslim-led Bos- 
nian Army that has recently made 
military gainsd against both Bosni- 
an Serb and Croat forces. 

Both Mr. Milosevic and the Bos- 
nian Serb leader, Radovan Karad- 
zic. blamed the Bosnian delegation 
for the blest failure of the talks to 
make any progress. They charged 
that it had rejected the Serb parti- 
tion map giving the Muslims 33.56 
percent of the country as well as a 
proposal that outstanding land dis- 
putes be left to an international 
arbitration commission to adjudi- 
cate after a peace accord bas been 

.j A"*, ' 

How One German 

Taboos Sarik Kohl’s Choice 

By Stephen Kluxer 

Ne*> York Tima Set tot 

DRESDEN After .his 
roller-coaster ride from obscu- 
rity to fame. and. back again. 
Steffen 'Haunann can claimLo 
be an expetyjon the taboos of 
German politics. 

Mr. Hathumn, justice tntnis- 
ter in the eastern state of Saxo- 
ny, was, little known when he 
was nominated in September to 
become Germany’s next presi- 
dent. Because the man who 
nominated him was Chancellor 
Helmut KoW, he seemed almost 
certain of victory. 

But after his nomination, Mr. 
Hetanann made several state- 
ments that shocked many Ger- 
mans. His refusal to embrace 
widely held views an matters 
ranging from European unity to 
the rote of women in society 
stirred. a nationwide furor. In 
what amounted to a humiliating 
political defeat; Mr. Kohl was 
forced to withdraw his name. 

Last Saturday, the Christian 
Democrats nominated a presi- 
dential candidate to succeed 
Mr. Heittnann. He is Roman 
Herzog, a Bavarian who is chief 
justice of Germany’s highest 

The opposition Social Demo- 
crats have nominated Johannes 
Rau, premier of the state of 
North Rhme-WesxphaHa. A de- 
cision on the ceremonial but 
influential presidency wiB come 
when a specially convened as- 
sembly votes in May. 

In an interview in his office 
here, Mr. Heittnann mused 
about what he bad drawn from 
his brief career as a presidential 
c andidate . He said be was not 
embittered by the ordeal, but 
acknowledged that he had 
learned what he described as 
unpleasant political lessons. 

“We thought it was now fi- 
nally possible to speak freely, 
but that was an illusion Mr. 
Htinnann said. "There are rules 
about what can and cannot be 
said, and although these rules 
are not written down or even 
discussed, they are very strict 
Certain subjects have to be 
treated publicly in a very partic- 
ular way. 1 violated these rules 
on several occasions, and I'm 
gjad I did." ’ ... 

He added: “I see a great dif- 
ference between what you 
would call political correctness 
and what people really thntic 

The gap is growing, arid f find 
that disturbing and dangerous.” 
His first misstep was to sug- 
gest that society would be more 
stable if women devoted more 
time to caring for their c hildren . 
This was immediately interpret- 
ed as an attack bn women’s 
rights, and it fed to a rash of 
attacks depicting the 59-year- 
old Hettmann, who bas two 
grown children and is married 
loan artist, as a social reaction- - 

never said women should 
Slav at home,” . Mr. Heicmann 
recalled “I know wbai life is 

like for a modern woman. But I 
wanted to stress the importance 
of ro n t he th ood- As justice min- 
ister, I read reports about 
crimes every day, and when l 
look at ti»e backgrounds of 
criminals, I see that is almost 
every case they come from dis- 
torted family backgrounds, or 
have no family at afl. If fannies 
are nnstabJe, lien society also 
becomes unstable.” 

Mr. Kohl quickly assigned 
one of his aides to shepherd Mr. 
Hrifmami through interviews, 
.buz the nominee seemed unin- 
terested is learning his political 
catechism. In quick succession 
he suggested that European 
unity was bong forced on Ger- 
mans too quickly, and that the 
arrival of large numbers of for- 
eign asylum-seekers hoe was 
nuking some Germans feel like 
strangers in their own country. 

Despite tiring political and 
editorial criticism, Mr, Heft- 
mono went on to touch Germa- 
ny’s most sensitive nerve. He 
suggested that it was time for 
tbe country to move out of the 

^normal member of the com- 
munity of nations. 

Critics said that Mr. Her- 
mann was impHdtiy dismissin g 
the enormity of crimes by the 
Nazis, or at the very least sug- 
gesting that they be consigned 
to history books. Even some 
leading figures in the Christian 
Democratic Union, to which 
both Mr. Kohl and Mr. Her- 
mann belong, began calling for 
Hhn to abandon his c andidacy . 

The chancellor finally ac- 
knowledged that he had no al- 
ternative. When he reluctantly 
decided to drop Mr. Hritmann ' 
at the end of November, Mr_ 
Kohl asserted that the candida- 
cy had teen undermined by 
politicians and connpea titters 
in Western Germany who were 
uncomfortable with the idea of 
an Easterner as president 

Mr. Heitmauu said: “At 
times,' l was intentionally mis- 
understood. For example, 1 
never said 1 was against Euro- 
pean unity. There is no alterna- 
tive to Europe. Bui we have to 
take it step by step. 

“Some people were abo very 
upset with my views aboaiGer- 

befiewe that H8SM& was atom* 
ing point in history as impor- 
tant or more important than the 
end of World War It One of the 
thiny that ch a n ged then was 
Germany's position aa & kind of 
special country, one whose \ 
meant that it had to be ji 
by different srandards. . 

“We are still frying to hide 
behind dial idea. We say that 
we can’t be foBy involved is the 
world, that we. can't join opera- 
tions in places like Yugoslavia 
or Kuwait, that others should 
get their bands dirty while we 
sit back and .write checks. I 
don’t agree whh that.” 

DAMAGE: When the Final Quake Bill Comes In, It Could Be $30 Billion 

Continued from Page I 

that could create additional safety and traffic 

The Federal Highway Administration ap- 
proved $3.4 million in aid to pay for the clean- 
up, and more money is expected in coming 
months. The government can supply up to 100 
percent of the cost of tbe work sed is expected 
to pick up abooi 90 percent of tbe cost of 

Once debris is gone, Mr. Synder said high- 
way engineers would begin designing repairs. 
Both removal of debris and design are ejqrecuri 
to take several weeks. 

Mr. Pena said that for at least six months, 
damage to the area's freeways would require 
large numbers of residents to rely on public 
transportation. “They have to be emotionally 
prepared for that,” he said. 

Despite round-the-clock efforts to repair 
sweeping damage to tbe city’s water and electric 
power utilities, the Department of Water and 

Power said about 40,000 people were without 
water and 80.000 people had no electricity. 

Most of the residents without water and 
power are in (he San Fernando Valley, where 
the quake was centered. 

Loss of electricity was particularly extensive 
because tbe quake was centered "close to a 
generator and several substations. Officials 
hoped to restored power to all residents by 
Wednesday night, bypassing the damaged sta- 
tions. which might rake a year to repair. 

Water service was disrupted by breaks in 
four city trunk lines, two aqueducts, dozens of 
water mains, storage tanks and filtration plants. 
Tbe destruction has overwhelmed the depart- 

“To my knowledge, we have not encountered 
such massive repairs before." said Dorothy Jen- 
sen of the water and power agency. “We simply 
don’t know when services will be* restored." 

She said tbe agency was trying to make 
temporary repairs to have water flow through 

the system and to determine the full extent of 
the damage. 

Officials said that although exact numbers 
were not available, they believed hundreds to 
thousands of homes sustained such damage 
that they were now uninbabiiable, They esti- 
mated that about 4,000 people were staying in 

Tbe state insurance commissioner. John Gar- 
amendi, said the damaged homes would have to 
be “condemned, to be replaced or rebuilt." 

“It’s very bad. What you see on television is 
only a small part of the problem.’’ 

He said about 40 percent of homeowners 
have earthquake insurance. Residents without 
insurance will rebuild out of their resources or 
2 topty for grants under state loan programs or 
the Federal Emergency Management Agenty. 

The federal agency, which is coordinating 
relief efforts, announced that it expected to 
start writing disaster relief checks later this 

SCANDAL: Did the Public Ever Beatty Care About Iran-Contra Affair? 

Continued from Page 1 

Thomas G. dines, was convicted not for flout- 
ing tbe constitution but for cheating on his 

One reason that miscreants were turned into 
martyrs in the public eye was that Mr. Walsh's 
investigation sometimes seemed mismanaged. 
At one point, an assistant lost a satchel of 
classified documents when be checked tbe bag 
at Las Angeles International Airport. 

Ac another point, Mr. Walsh indicted De- 
fense Secretary Caspar W. Weinberger for, 
among other things, hiding his personal diaries 
from the investigators. The diaries were in un- 
classified files that Mr. Weinberger had given 
to the Library of Congress after be left tbe 

But even Mr. Walsh’s stumbling cannot mask 
the fact that tbe courses followed in Iran and 
Nicaragua in the mid-1980s not only violated 
what the Reagan administration stated publicly 
was the government's polity, but alto were 

dan destine sale of weapons to Iran 
turned out to be a disaster. Three hostages were 
.released as a result of the arms deals, but others 

were taken in their place. Relations with Iran 

As Mr. Walsh observed. Mr. Reagan and 
President George Bush, then vice president, 
knew of the sales and raised no objections. 

The policy of secretly raising money for and 
assisting the rebels in Nicaragua was clearly a 
violation of the spirit if not the letter of tbe law, 
and it abridged Congress’s constitutional pow- 
er of the purse. 

So why did the public never get exercised? 

Former Senator Warren B. Rudman of New 
Hampshire, who was the top Republican on the 
Senate committee that investigated the case, 
said be thought the public had become so 
warped by television fiction that people did not 
have the patience to grasp a serious constitu- 
tional violation. 

But tbe problem may run deeper than that. 
Tbe U.S. political system may not be designed 
to cope when a popular administration bas run 
off course and impeachment is out of tbe ques- 

Watergate was exceptional. It broke at the 
beginning of Richard Nixon’s second term. The 
president's top advisera had the hubris to think 

they could get away with testifying before Con- 
gress without first getting immunity from pros- 
ecution. Tape-recorded conversations disclosed 
that the president himself had broken the law. 

So tbe system worked. Mr. Nixon resigned 
rather than face an impeachment trial. And 
many of his top advisers went to prison. 

When Iran-contra developed, Mr. Reagan 
was a short- timer, in tbe third year of bis second 
term. One reason impeachment was never even 
considered was that the proceedings could not 
possibly have teen completed before he was out 
of office. 

Then, Mr. North, Mr. Poindexter and others 
refused to testify before Congress unless they 
received grams of immunity. For all intents and 
purposes, that meant they could never be suc- 
cessfully prosecuted; indeed, their convictions 
were overturned on appeal because of tbe im- 
munity grants. 

Finally, Mr. Reagan’s claim that be w as 
oblivious to what was swirling around him was 
never disproved. As long as tbe president was 
not accused of high crimes and misdemeanors, 
the public was not much interested. 

FLEET: Moscow Is Setting 40 Old. Attack Submarines to North Koreans 

Continued from Page 1 

were reports last year that a group of Russian 
mifiiaiy engineers had been hired by North 
Korea to improve their ballistic missiles, but 
they were stopped in Moscow just before their 
plane left for Pyongyang. 

The constant stream of transactions under- 
score bow difficult it would be to enact work- 
able sanctions against North Korea, the route 
the United States has threatened if die current 
talks to open tbe North's nuclear sites fall 
through. Japanese officials said it would be 
particularly difficult to stop transactions from 
Japan, where Korean-Japanese supply any- 

where from S600 million to S2 billion a year to 

It is uaefear why a Japanese trading company 
played tbe intermediary role in tbe deal, but 
some Japanese officials suggested that for polit- 
ical reasons, Russia did not want to seem to be 
directly engaging, the North. Another suggested 
that the Japanese were brought in to guarantee 
that the Russians would be paid, even if North 
Korea, which has defaulted on many of its 
international debts, failed to come up with the 

Mr. Shibata, speaking in Japanese, said he 
traveled to North Korea about 10 times a year 

Tor business. For two years, he said, he has been 
buying old locomotives in Russia that could be 
cut up in North Korea for soap metal. “Re- 
cently it has been more difficult to obtain 
those." he said, “so we are shifting to subma- 
rines and warships.” 

He said that the first submarine was shipped 
to North Korea in October, and that nine more 
have gone since. 

He said that on one recent trip he saw at least 
one submarine being dismantled at Naj in. 

‘The equipment was ran down; Ton not even 
sure the screw could turn." he said, referring to 
the propeller. 

RUSSIA: Stalemate on Shape of Government Fuels Panic Over Currency 

Continued from Page 1 

unlikely to survive a departure of Mr. Fyo- 

After first setting an arguably ungran table 
set of ultimatums for his participation in the 
it, which were easy for an offended 
ijTdin to rgeci, Mr. Fyodorov on 
Wednesday opened the possibility <a a compro- 

So long as be could keep his status as a 
deputy prune minister as well ax finance minis- 
ter, be suggested in an interview Kith Interfax, 
he wouloreraain is the government “unless 
policy changes so much that this would mean 
an end to reforms,” 

Mr. Fyodorov seemed to have dropped Ms 

insistence that Mr. Gerashchenko be replaced 
at tbe central bank, though his demand not to 
be outranked by a socialist Chernomyrdin ally 
in charge of agriculture, Alexander K. Zaver- 
yukha, remains. 

But having presented Mr. Yd tan and Mr. 
Chernomyrdin the stark choice — Mr. Gerash- 
chenko of him —and then backing down. Mr. 
Fyodorov's position wiU be weakened even if he 
finally does become a member of the new 
government as a deputy prime minister. 

According to Interfax, which quotes a Cher- 
nomyrdin spokesman, Oleg Soskovets will be 
appointed toe single first deputy prime minis- 
ter, and Alexander Shokhin, a moderate re- 
former who broke with Mr. Gaidar, will get the 

Economics Ministry vacated by Mr. Gaidar. 

Interfax said that Privatization Minister An- 
atoli B. Chubais. Mr. Zaveryukha and Yuri F. 
Yarov, who is in charge of social issues, would 
remain deputy prime ministers. But the report 
said the list of deputy prime ministers was 
incomplete, holding out the possibility Mr. 
Fyodorov will be added. 

’Meanwhile, in an extraordinary gesture, an- 
other reform economist, Grigori A Yavlinsky, 
told reporters he was prepared to form a gov- 
ernment to save the nation and could do so in 
three weeks. He presupposed that Mr. Cherno- 
myrdin would resign in a deepening economic 
arsis that would break this spring, Mr. Yav- 
linsky said. 



Next: Swiss Prisons 
In Latin America? 

Mayor Victor Gihwiler. 45, 
of the Swiss town of Ueiikon. 
thinks he has come up with a 
cheaper and better way for 
Switzerland to house foreign 
criminals. He proposes building 
a Swiss prison in a Latin Ameri- 
can country. Mr. Gaimiler 
notes that Swiss penitentiaries 
now house 250 Latin .American 
inmates, mostly thieves and 
drug dealers; this is up from 60 
nine years ago. 

He says that the cost of con- 
struction in a Latin coumiy the 
has Costa Rica in mind; would 
be just a fourth what it would 
be in Switzerland, and operat- 
ing costs would be about one- 
third. Mr. Gahwiler, who heads 
a vocational education program 
for Zurich canton, contends 
that prisoners would have the 
advantages of a Swiss-adminis- 
tered pnson while living in fa- 
miliar linguistic and cultural 

The prison would have extra- 
territorial status, like an embas- 
sy, but only the top four offi- 
cials would’be Swiss; about 250 
jobs would be created for locals. 
The money invested in the facil- 
ity would thus constitute a form 
of development aid. 

Mr. Glbwiler’s superiors, ac- 
cording to the German weekly 
Focus, like the idea. But critics 
say it sounds too much tike the 
deportation of undesirables in a 
way that might be seen as in- 
sulting to tbe receiving country. 

Around Europe 

To dramatize women's un- 
derrepresentation in Portu- 
guese decision-making bodies, 
three members of (he European 
Parliament have organized a 
son of ideal legislature, the Par- 
lamemo Paritario. whose mem- 
bers — half of them men, half 
women — will hold a single 
one-day session late next 
month. The organizers hope to 
bring together every woman 
who has served in the Lisbon 
parliament or the European 
Parliament in the past 20 years, 
about 200 in all. The main topic 
on the agenda: how to increase 
women's participation in poli- 

“PartiaT early retirement is 
gaining popularity in France: 
The program, initiated in the 

early 'Sis. allows workers aged 
55 or older to draw SO percent 
of their former pay while work- 
ing half-time. Last year the 
number of people taking part 
rose 16 percent from an admit- 
tedly low 4.000 in 1992. But 
some big companies have 
jumped in with both feet: 10 
percent of the employees at Pc- 
chiney. the aluminum maker, 
are taking part. So far. says Lib- 
eration of Paris, everyone seems 
pleased: the government, which 

S 30 percent of the worker's 
ier salary (less than for nor- 
mal early reurememi, the work- 
ers. who gain free time, the 
companicsT which get added 
flexibility, and the young peo- 
ple hired to make up for lost 

Researchers say British chil- 
dren have grown so slothful as to 
endanger their health. Compar- 
ing the diets of similar groups of 
children from the 1930s and to- 
day, a Glasgow University pro- 
fessor. John Dumin, found that 
caloric intake among teenage' 
girls had dropped from 2.640 a 
day. at a time before television 
and computer games, to 1.880 
today; boys' intakes dropped 
by a bit less. Mr. Dumin said 
that a decline in exercise was 
the only possible explanation 
for the drop in food consump- 
tion. Children with such seden- 
tary life-styles are considered 
more likely to suffer from obe- 
sity and heart disease later. 

So what is tbe Swedish Peo- 
ple’s Party- doing naming a can- 
didate in the Finnish presiden- 
tial elections — and what is that 
candidate. Defense Minister 
Elisabeth Rehn. doing garner- 
ing 2 2 percent of the vote? Well, 
obviously her personal popular- 
ity had much to do with it — 
Finland's Swedish minority to- 
tals just 300.000. a mere 6 per- 
cent of the country's popula- 
tion. Many of these people are 
descendants of the ruling class 
in the centuries when Finland 
was a province of the Swedish 
kingdom. Once the language of 
the government and the elite. 
Swedish remain' an official lan- 
guage — the sole official lan- 
guage in Finland’s Aland Is- 
lands. Meanwhile, Mrs. Rehn. 
who was considered a voice of 
change in a countiy suffering 
from 25 percent 'unemploy- 
ment. is thought to have an ex- 
cellent chance in the second 
rouad of elections, on Feb. t. 

Brian Know] ton 


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Page 6 



















hi 1 







pirn isiiKn wm nir. nkw vukk tomim \ni> tiik wxsHiwrniN wki 

So Inman Wasn’t the Man 












Everybody knows that there is a lot of 
public and journalistic pressure brought to 
bear on people who choose to go into .Ameri- 
can public life these days. More questions are 
asked, more secrets unearthed. Nobody, we 
venture to guess, inquired whether Melvin 
Laird had paid his domestic help's Social 
Security tax. Although the higher standards 
that prospective nominees must meet and the 
more complete investigations that they must 
face are in general justified, it is also true that 
in some instances the field of inquiry into 
their qualifications and credentials has been 
expanded to the point of assault on both the 
privacy and the dignity of the nominee. Ev- 
eryone knows thaL too. 

We do not think that the latter is what 
happened to Bobby Inman, however, despite 
Mr. Inman's own fiirious accounting on 
Tuesday of the criticisms and affronts that 
prompted him to withdraw his name as 
nominee for secretary of defense. We think 
that the brief episode of his nomination from 
start to close has revealed that he is not the 
right man for this rough-and-tumble job. 

Mr. Inman's case has been. well, distinc- 
tive from the day he stepped forward in the 
Rose Garden to accept President Bill Clin- 
ton's nomination or him as secretary of de- 
fense. His very introduction of and his dwell- 
ing upon Lhe subject of his own “comfort 
level" in fact suggested tbe presence of the 
opposite: a residual level of discomfort with 
joining up. He spoke not. as nominees usual- 
ly do. of his pleasure at being selected, his 
determination to do the job. his hope to 
justify the confidence of the man appointing 
him. and so on. but rather seemed preoccu- 
pied with the intricacies of his own feelings 
and altitudes about accepting tbe offer at all. 
Thus focused on his own goodwill in taking 
the job. he was naturally astonished and 
stung when tbe criticism began. 

His remarks on Tuesday seemed to suggest 
that he considered this illegitimate. Some of 
the columnists he cited did write very critical- 
ly about him. But he did not answer the 
criticism until Tuesday, when he suggested 
variously that it was McCarthyite, super- 
powerful. unfair and dishonest in intent. He 
even spoke of some sort of sinister pact be- 
tween Senator Bob Dole and the New York 
Times columnist William Safire to get him. 

We expect that Mr. Safire. io whose at- 
tacks Mr. Inman gave central place in his 
account of his decision to withdraw, has 
plenty to say in response to Mr. Inman's 
counterattack. Likewise. Elien Goodman 
and Anthony Lewis will respond ably for 
themselves. We do not consider any of these 
columnists guilty of transgressing the proper 
bounds of column writing. We do know that 
Mr. Inman is dead wrong to suggest that 
somehow ihe power of columnists is such 
that all must be frightened of responding to 
their barbs. From where we sit watching over 
letters and columns of both reply and coun- 
terattack. not to mention news accounts, it 
does not seem to us that columnists enjoy 
this strange immunity at aJL 

We said when he was nominated that Mr. 
Inman had been a valuable public servant 
and an extremely intelligent one and had 
done some excellent tilings in his career. But 
the brief saga of his nomination to Defense, 
starting with that comfort-level speech, has 
been different. We're glad it's over. Mr. In- 
man did right in deciding that he was not the 
right person to run the Pentagon. Mr. Clin- 
ton. however embarrassed and irritated he 
may be by this turn, can be relieved that he 
learned this extra bit about Mr. Inman be- 
fore ratber than after he took the job. 

By the way. will someone please remind us 
what was so wrong with Les Aspin? 


Summing Up Iran-Contra 

Former President Ronald Reagan calls it 
“an encyclopedia of old information." His 
vice president and successor. George Bush, 
says it “offers nothing new." In large pan 
they are correct; the final report of the Iran- 
contra scandal produced by Lawrence 
Walsh, the independent investigator, con- 
sists largely of information that the public 
has already absorbed. Still, the report is an 
invaluable summary of a scandalous chapter 
in the long history of official misbehavior. It 
reaffirms, further, the wisdom of appointing 
a special prosecutor to investigate activity 
that the government itself cannot examine 
without crippling bias. 

The public already knew, for example, that 
before a court-appointed prosecutor was 
sought. Attorney General Edwin Meese's 

shoddy investigation let some White House 
culprits destroy evidence. But Mr. Walsh now 
persuasively shows that Mr. Meese conducted 
"more of a damage-control exercise than an 
effort to find tbe facts." He lays out his case in 
solid detail that is not adequately answered in 
Mr. Meese’s written response. 

The public already knew that Ronald Rea- 
gan broadly encouraged clandestine efforts to 
rescue American hostages by selling arms to 
Iran, the proceeds of which were diverted to 
the Nicaraguan rebels. We knew further that 
Mr. Reagan's f oggy memory saved him from 
being nailed with intentional violations of 
the law. We have also learned that George 
Bush, while not a commandant of the contra 
support, was surely not “out of the: loop" 
about the hostage efforts. 

We have also come to accept Mr. Walsh’s 
central thesis: President Reagan’s indiffer- 
ence to the laws "created a climate in which 
some of ihc government officers assigned to 

implement his policies fell emboldened to 
circumvent such laws," while others com- 
bined to cover up the misdeeds. Both enter- 
prises were secret betrayals of publicly de- 
clared policies. Some of the deceptions were 
criminal, but the central conspiracy perceived 
by Mr. Walsh — to hide the truth from 
legitimate inquiries by Congress — never 
reached a criminal court verdict. 

Experts disagree over whether he was wise 
to attempt prosecution of the broad decep- 
tion. Bui Mr. Walsh argues reasonably that 
the major obstacles were the White House and 
Congress. The Bush administration refused to 
release important classified evidence, and 
congressional investigating committees effec- 
tively immunized the major operatives. Oliver 
North and John Poindexter, against Mr. 
Walsh's use of incriminating testimony ex- 
tracted during congressional hearings. 

Mr. Walsh's 566-page history, and the 
1. 150-page volume of replies by those hecriti- 
cizes, fully vindicate the law's requirement for 
a full report of his investigation. The indepen- 
dent counsel act has expired, but the Senate has 
passed a bill reviving it, and the House may act 
soon. The report's generally temperate tone 
belies Senator Bob Dole’s prediction that Mr. 
Walsh would abuse his power, as well as the 
senator’s argument that the new independent 
counsel law must curtail the reporting power. 

Mr. Walsh, a former Wall Street lawyer and 
judge appointed to the bench by President 
Dwight Eisenhower, is no radical, despite the 
ranlings of his targets. He has delivered a 
cogem report of a long, expensive, imperfect 
but necessary investigation. He has earned ihe 
nation's gratitude for his efforts and for his 
informative history of those efforts. 


From Syria Just a Hint 

In his Geneva meeting with Syria's leader. 
Hafez Assad. Bill Clinton assumed the role of 
a matchmaker between two wary suitors. 
President Clinton leased some important 
words from the implacable Syrian. President 
.Assad finally said out loud that there could be 
a new era in which “normal peaceful relations 
among olJ shall dawn anew." A welcome sig- 
nal perhaps, but a long way from the assur- 
ances that Israel seeks. 

Syria warns Israel to withdraw from the 
Golan Heights, which Israel seized in 1967 
and subsequently annexed. But Israel's asking 
price for considering a withdrawal is a Syri- 
an commitment to total peace, meaning full 
diplomatic relations and open frontiers. Ne- 
gotiations have foundered for two years on a 
shared unwillingness to spell out the details, 
and on Syria's insistence on settling all Arab- 
Israeli differences. 

Nevertheless. Mr. Assad's public remarks 
about “normal peaceful relations" mark a 
change worth exploring in the peace talks due 
to resume in Washington. One may reason- 
ably assume that the Syrian president was less 
Delphic during his five hours of private dis- 
cussions with Mr. Clinton, which also dealt 
with Syria's appalling abuses of human right* 
and its persistent support for terrorism. 

Yet experience cautions would-be match- 
makers against expecting too much from Mr. 

Assad. No Arab leader has taken a harder line 
against Israel. Only last September be restated 
his message: “The enemy is still the enemy, 
and the mediator available (the United States] 
is not our ally but the friend of the enemy." 
Wholly in character. Syrians spitefully barred 
Israeli journalists from the Ointon-Assad 
news conference in Geneva. 

For hard reason*, including the disappear- 
ance of his old Soviet patron. Mr. .Assad now 
talks of 3 "peace of the strong” with Israel. 
Yet overcoming decades of enmity will take 
more than ambiguous words from a graying 
and often untrustworthy adversary. Israelis 
remember when Syrian guns fired on them 
from the Golan, and Israeli settlements on 
those heights are allied to Prime Minister 
Yitzhak Rabin’s Labor Party. 

This does not preclude a peace agreement, 
but suggests its political and visceral diffi- 
culty for Israelis. Mr. Rabin now talks of 
submitting any pact with Syria to a referen- 
dum. which might he good politics but com- 
plicates Israeli diplomacy . 

Because Syria hold* the key to a durable 
Middle East settlement, the prize is worth 
persistent effort, and it can be auained only 
with American participation. But wresting a 
few grudging words from Mr. Assad at Ge- 
neva is just the first, halting step. 


International Hrraitl Tribuin* 


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Down From South Africa’s High Ground 

W ASHINGTON — "Over the 
years we have auained mor- 
al superiority over the white man: 
we shall watch as time destroys his 
paper castles and know that all 
these little pranks were but the 
frantic attempts of frightened, little 
people to convince each other that 
they can control the minds and 
bodies of indigenous people* of 
ATrica indefinitely.” 

Steve Bike spoke those words in 
1 971. when the white reign of terror 
in South Africa was at its apogee — 
five years before his martyrdom at 

Blacks 9 first step has to 
be to halt the violence 
that is destroying 
the black townships . 

the hands of the South African po- 
lice. His prediction that black pow- 
er would soon overwhelm white tyr- 
anny was heresy for the time. His 
view of the black South .African's 
moral superiority over the white 
went completely unquestioned. 

History has reversed the equa- 
tion. Today Mr. Biko's political 
judgment bas been vindicated. But 
the claim to moral superiority for 
South Africa's blacks is suddenly 
open ro question and is likely to 

By Jim Hoaglaxx d 

become unsustainable. That will 
change tbe way Americans look at 
South Africa and in some aspects 
perhaps the way they look at pans 
of American society as welL 

Despite their vast differences, 
America and South Africa have al- 
ways had significant cross-refer- 
ences for each other. Thai continues 
to be true today, as black-on-bhck 
violence becomes in differing ways 
an important and explosive issue 
for both countries. 

From their own history. Ameri- 
cans could understand the meaning 
of Mr. Biko's words. Black South 
Africa established its moral superior- 
ity through its suffering. While the 
white minority maintained its mo- 
nopoly on organized violence, that 
could trot change or be disputed. But 
Pretoria gradually discovered what 
the American South had learned 
three decades earlier Power exer- 
cised on the basis of prejudice and 
racism usually devalues itself. 

Political and economic pressures 
have forced the white minority in 
South Africa to surrender its monop- 
oly on power and organized violence. 
In one of history's most stunning and 
positive reversals, the whites have 
accepted peaceful negotiations for a 
new constitution and free elections 
in April as tbe instruments of change 
for the Beloved Country. 

Accompanying this political re- 
volution lias been horrendous black- 
on-black mayhem that involves a 
new kind of political motivation 
and consequence for blade society 
there. Blacks remain the principal 
victims of South Africa's violence. 
But on the worlds television screens 
and front pages blacks have become 
the principal perpetrators of vio- 
lence as well Each wave of mass 
violence in the townships strips away 
another layer of tbe moral superior- 
ity that black South Africans had 
long enjoyed as a group right 
The white power structure bears 
heavy responsibility. Tribal and oth- 
er social animosities were stirred to 
the boiling point by apartheid. And 
there can be no doubt that apartheid 
ideologues in die secret police net- 
work and elsewhere in or out of 
government continue to stir town- 
ship violence whenever they can. 

ft would be more comfortable in 
some ways to believe that this kill- 
ing and destruction have been orga- 
nized entirely by white fanatics op- 
posed to giving up power, as I hear 
some American white liberals ar- 
gue. For one thing it would leave the 
old assumptions about good and 
evil in South Africa undisturbed. 

But the scale and ferocity of the 
violence makes that highly improba- 
ble. A brutal power struggle among 

black factions vying for controldf 
past-apartheid South Africa is prob- 
ably tbe dominant force in tbe ram- 
pant black-on-black mayhem. 

As whites surrender their monop- 
oly on power, blacks yield a monop- 
oly on victimization and the influ- 
ence that it exerts. It is a trade dial 
other national victims, such as Bos- 
nia^ Muslims or Iraq’s Kurds, would 
gladly make. And it is one with 
which black Americans have been 
coining to terms Tot some time. 

When Jesse Jackson spoke re- 
cently of his fears of walking ghetto 
streets and the automatic link that 
many Americans now make be- 
tween crime and race, he showed 
bow far America bas come from its 
own civil rights revolution and the 
moral assumptions about race that 
it involved. That of course is the 
point about ending segregation and 
apartheid: There is no automatic 
superiority, or inferiority, to be as- 
signed on' the basis of race alone. 

South African blacks will soon 
control their country. Their first step 
has to be to halt the violence that is 
destroying tbe black townships and 
now beginning to daim white lives in 
isolated instances. Only then can 
they hope to renew the claim to a 
particular moral position in a society 
that under white rule was worked by 
state-directed violence and terror for 
much of Lhis century. 

The Washington Post. 

Shouting at One Another in Lieu of Useful Debate 

P ARIS — An article by Deborah Tannen of 
Georgetown University (IHT Opinion. Jan. 
18) makes an important comment on the loss of 
civility in much American debate today. She says 
that journalists, politicians and academics increas- 
ingly have substituted destructive confrontations 
for the kind of constructive argument that can 
clarify the way people think. 

She does not go into why this has occurred but 
there seem to me not only ideological and political 
reasons but commercial ones. Commercial, in that 
confrontation is dramatic and emotionally engaging 
in a way that constructive argument is not Both 
television and press are driven by intense commer- 
cial considerations today, and by the competition 
for audiences, and this influences debate even in 
what are supposed to be the noncommercial media. 

I experienced this on national public television a 
few years ago. I had published a book on interna- 
tional politics which was made tbe subject of a 
Public Broadcasting Service discussion. I was 

asked to suggest panelists and proposed several 
people whom I did not expect to agree with what I 
had written but who would. I thought, have inter- 

esting things to say on the subjects of my book. 

Arriving for Lhe program. I found myself facing 
an unreconstructed radical from the 1960s. con- 
vinced that if only politicians and governments 
would get out of the way of Hie People, the latter 
would spontaneously make peace and democracy 
work all around the world, and a former Trotskyist 
turned neoconservative who believed quite the 
opposite. The two of them enthusiastically went at 
one another in a debate that had virtually nothing 
to do with my bode, and which could have taken 
place at any time in the preceding 20 years. 

By William Pfaff 

Why had they been invited? As far as I could see it 
was because this kind of simple-minded left-right 
ideological confrontation was thought the only form 
of political discussion that people would watch, even 
on public television. Possibly this is true. But if U is 
true, it is not only evidence of Deborah Taxmen's 
case, that attack and counterattack are taking the 
place of constructive argument, but is a sign of 
national intellectual impoverishment 

Certainly her observation is true for much jour- 
nalism today. This problem goes back to the 1960s 
when the old sense of collaborative national pur- 
pose disappeared from the relations of press and 
president. Dating at least from the war. and 
strengthened by the sense of continuing world 
crisis and totalitarian challenge of the 1950s. jour- 
nalists took for granted a relationship of mutual 
confidence between officials and press. 

The crises of Vietnam and Watergate, when the 
government deceived or manipulated the press 
while an important part of the press set itself 

genre of a new “killer" spirit in journalism, by 
which unmasking not only official lies but also the 
lies in politicians' private lives became a route to 
journalistic reputation and advancement 
This ordinarily has not been ideological The 
Washington press is reputedly liberal but Bill 
Clinton has had a far rougher ride in his first year, 
than either Ronald Reagan or George Bush. 

The hostility has been opportunistic, and there is 

also a social factor at work. Journalism until the 
!960s was not a particularly glamorous trade, and 
reporters certainly did not consider themselves 
power players in Washington. They do now — and 
they are. and are treated as such. 

This has not been particularly healthy for jour- 
nalism or for government. It is partly responsible 
for the fact that policy now is made chiefly in terms 
of its reception oy television and tbe press. 

Ideological confrontation and killer journalism 
both are essentially sterile, caricaturing reality. 
The only useful debates are those that start out 
with a dear agreement on what the argument- is 
abouL and in which tbe opponent's arguments and 
person are paid respect The agreement on what 
the argument is about can be called second order 
agreement (First order agreement is agreement 
itself — a lade of argument) 

To obtain second order agreement L for exam- 
ple. have to be able to explain to a third party what 
my opponent's position, is on the subject of our 
disagreement He has to agree that I have more or 
less accurately set out where he stands, and he 
must then explain to that third party where 1 stand, 
in terms that I find acceptable. 

Once we have done that we can have a serious 
and constructive argument Without this second 
order agreement we are merely arguing over the 
terms of our disagreement — or, worse, we are 
substituting for debate an attempt to destroy rite 
standing or reputation of the person who” dis- . 
agrees with u*. That way lies the destruction of 
civil sodety: and Americans already have taken 
. several steps down the road. .... 

International Herald Tribune. 

•tt Los Angeles Times Syndicate. 

The Iran-Contra Report 
Has Worrying Lessons 

By Peter Kornbluh and Malcolm Byrne 

Walsh report notes that “North was 

W ASHINGTON — Since the 
Iran-contra scandal broke in 
November 1986, those involved at 
the highest levels of government have 
attempted to concern their roles and 
obstruct the official investigations, 
to the point of trying in recent weeks 
to suppress independent prosecutor 
Lawrence Walsh's final report itself. 
Fortunately, they did not succeed — 
and Mr. Walsh's report, finally re- 
leased on Tuesday, makes clear that 
they did indeed have much to hide. 

Once and for all ihe Walsh report 
dispels the carefully cultivated my- 
thology surrounding the scandal, 
which involved illegal sales of arms 
to Iran, diversion of funds from 
these sales to finance the Nicara- 

Bush f was fully aware 
of the Iran arms sales 9 
and "participated fully 
in discussions to obtain 
third-country funding 
for the contras . 9 

guan contras and a cover-up to con- 
ceal the entire affair. 

The report is not just a belated 
history lesson. It sheds light on seri- 
ous flaws in the American system of 
govern mem accountability, which al- 
lowed a constitutional crisis to occur 
and which remain unresolved. 

The report notes, in particular, Ihe 
inadequacy of the 1987 congressional 
investigation, in which Congress ac- 
cepted the explanation of a “runaway 
conspiracy of subordinate officers 
and avoided the unpleasant confron- 
tation with a powerful president." 

The report mu* the record straight 
on the major players in the scandal. 

On Ronald Reagan. The report 
contradicts the popular image of a 
disengaged president misled by those 
around him. Mr. Walsh's investiga- 
tor* conclude that Mr. Reagan “cre- 
ated the conditions which made pos- 
sible the crimes committed by others 
in his administration." and “permit- 
ted the creation of a false account of 
the Iran arms sales to be disseminat- 
ed to members of Congress and the 
American people." 

On George Bush: Contrary to his 
pronouncements, the report says. Vice 
President Bush “was fully aware of the 
Iran arms sales" and “participated 
fully in discussion* to obtain third- 
country funding for the contras." 

On Oliver North: The report re- 
cords a pattern of illicit activity from 
destruction of evidence to perjury to 
personal grafL While Mr. North 
claims to have been exonerated when 
his convictions were overturned, the 

found guilty beyond a reasonable 
doubt of serious criminal offenses." 

On Edwin Meese: The report iden- 
tifies the former attorney general as 
having spearheaded a cover-up of the 
Iran arms sales. Mr. Meese and for- 
mer National Security Adviser John 
Poindexter, the report states, “at- 
tempted to create a false account of 
the 1985 arras sales [to Iran], which 
the) - believed were illegal, in order to 
protect tbe president." 

The report shows that the diver- 
sion of funds from the Iran arras 
sales to the contras was itself a di- 
version — an attempt largely suc- 
cessful. by tbe Reagan administra- 
tion to spin public attention away 
from the act of selling arms to Iran, 
potential grounds for impeachment. 

On Tuesday, Mr. Reagan called 
the report “an encyclopedia of old 
information, unwarranted conclu- 
sions and irresponsible speculation.” 
Predictably, the former president and 
other critics charge Mr. Walsh with 
everything from conducting a politi- 
cal vendetta against Republicans to 
abusing his office. 

Yet over the course of the seven- 
year Iran-contra investigation, Mr. 
Walsh conducted four major prose- 
cutions. including tbe unprecedented 
trials of a former national security 
adviser and a former CLA deputy 
director. He won four major convic- 
tions and garnered seven guilty pleas 
— far more legal victories than any 
previous independent counsel since 
the statute was passed in 1978. 

Three factors are to blame for the 
length of the investigation, as well as 
Mr. Walsh's ultimarc inability to 
bring more of the participants to jus- 
tice: the sustained elToru bv former 
Reagan administration officials to 
cover up key evidence: the reckless 
derision by Congress in 1987 to grant 
Mr. Noah and Mr. Poindexter im- 
munity, which led to Lheir convic- 
tions being overturned on appeal: 
and President Bush's derision to 
thwart one trial through withholding 
classified documents and prevent two 
others through a preemptive pardon. 

{Mr. Bush also pardoned four for- 
mer officials who had been contacted 
or pleaded guilty.) 

The accusation that Mr. Walsh is 
usjng this final report to prosecute in 
print those he could not convict in the 
courtroom is equally without merit. 

The independent counsel law com- 
pels Mr. Walsh "to comment" on the 
“reasons for not prosecuting any 
matter" within his jurisdiction and to 
explain why anyone under scrutiny 
was not prosecuted. If he had re- 
frained from examining whether and 
how evidence was concealed. Ik would 
have rewarded these who successfully 
covered up their roles in the scandal 

The publication of the Iran-contra 

report is clearly “in the public inter- 
est.” as a federal appeals panel stated 
earlier this month in authorizing its 
release without deletions. 

Mr. Walsh's investigation has un- 
earthed some of the most important 
evidence in this tawdry aTTair — Vice 
President Bush's diaries, former De- 
fense Secretary Caspar Weinberger's 
notebooks, and presidential authori- 
zations revealing schemes to circum- 
vent the congressional ban on contra 
aid. to cite just a few examples. 

Perhaps the most important lesson 
the report leaches is that America's 
political system or checks and bal- 
ances is fallible and in urgent need of 
reform. It reveals the facility with 
which an imperial president circum- 
vented the most basic constitutional 
precept that “the purse and the sword 
must never be in the same hands." 

Mr. Walsh's investigation has made 
plain thaL as the historian Theodore 
Draper observed after the scandal 
broke, “if ever the constitutional de- 
mocracy of the United States is over- 
thrown. we now have u better idea how 
this is likely to be done." 

By failing to pass any substantive 
reforms to prevent future abuses. 
Congress bos clearly failed to ac- 
knowledge the weakness of existing 
legal safeguards. That lesson applies 
equally to the judicial branch. 

Mr. Walsh's frustrating experience 
in trying to prosecute members of the 
Reagan administration demonstrates 
that in cases involving covert opera- 
tions, the independent counsel is in 
fact dependent — far the classified 
information and cooperation neces- 
sary to bring his cases to trial •— on 
the very offices he is investigating. 

“The Iran-contra investigation will 
not end the kind of abuse of power 
that it addressed, any more than the 

Watergate investigation did." as Mr. 
Walsh concludes in the final pages of 
his report. Indeed, until we know that 
such crimes can no longer be con- 
cealed under the cloak of “national 
security." the final chapter of the sad 
and telling history of Iran-contra 
cannot he written. 

The writers are co-editors of the 
National Security Archive's “ Iran- 
Contra Scandal: The Declassified 
History. “ They contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Times. 

Like Rabbits 
In the Serbs’ 
Gun Si 1 

By Julie Menus 

N ew YORK — “We fed tike 
rabbits." the villager said. “Ev- 
ery night the Serbs stand althe edge 
of the road and shoot at us Thev raid 
our Village, beat us and tell us JeyU 
kill us if we remain. Bosnia? No. 
Kosovo — the Serbian province 
where ethnic Albanians outnumber 
ethnic Serbs bv 9 to I. The explosion 
predicted for the Kosovan time- 
bomb is now happening, bur neither 
jour nalis ts nor human rights mom- 
tors are there to hear it. 

International human rights groups 
have had an increase glv difficult 
time getting into Kosovo. Serbian of- 
ficials rejected the efforts of the spe- 
cial rapporteur for the UN- Human 
Rights Commission to establish an 
office in Yugoslavia. Last summer. 
Serbia expelled monitors of the Con- 
ference for Security and Cooperation 
in Europe from Kosovo. It denied 
visas to other UN personnel and to 
Amnesty International 
And no wonder. The forced dis- 
placement Of Albanians has begun. 
Last summer, in at least four villages 
in northern Kosovo, heavily armed 
police squadrons invaded houses, 
conducted unwarranted searches (os- 
tensibly for weapons), and beat and 
detained Albanians of all ages. 

This new campaign aims to frighten 
villagers into leaving their homes. One 
man from the village of Chabra testi- 
fied. "The police tokl us to go to 
.Albania, or dse they would kill us." 
Another man, from the village of Bis- 

army comes, they will kfll you.' 

The "fiscal police.” who are in 
charge of deeds and land, add to the 
pressure cm bonier villages, hi Sep- 
tember. they began demanding that 
Albanians present proof of lana own- 
ership. Authorities reject the deeds 
that ethnic Albanian villagers pro- 
duce and order them to vacate their 
property immediately. 

Attempts to drive Albanians away 
from the “ethnic border" demon- 
strate Serbia’s desire to consolidate 
its power base in Kosovo and. possi- 
bly, to pub more territory. 

In particular. Serbian police have 
' up detention ana arrests of 

.Albanians with former Yugoslav mil- 
itary experience. By charging these 
men with conspiring to overthrow 
Yugoslavia, police not only spread 
fear that Albanians are planning an 
aimed revolution, they immobilize 
precisely those Albanians with' the 
knowledge and skills necessary to ac- 
tually plot such a rebellion. 

Not only the police but tbe army 
and the parannlitaiy troops have 
been harassing .Albanian civilians 
with increasing frequency. - 

In September, for example, two 
Yugoslav soldiers oipened fire with- 
out warning on two young Albanian 
men near the unmarked bonder with 
Macedonia, killing one and seriously 
wounding the other. Paramilitary 
forces have been parading through- 
out Kosovo, preaching hatred of Al- 
banians to Serbian villagers. At 
times, villagers report, paramilitary 
forces work with the regular police. 

Meanwhile, the economic status of 
Albanians continues to decline. 
Many Albanian families are only able 
to subsist through contributions sent 
by relatives abroad. Most Albanian 
children continue to be schooled in 
private homes, and most Albanian 
doctors, having been laid off en mas- 
se two years ago. practice medicine in 
store-front operations run on shoe- 
string budgets, charging little. 

Police still routinely bold Albanians 
for more than a week without charges. 

. without notifying their families or al- 
lowing them counsel Brutal beatings 
and inhumane torture remain stan- 
dard practice during interrogations. 
The bead of the highest court in Ko- 
sovo said bluntly. “When an Albanian 
is accused of violating the territorial 
integrity of Yugoslavia, we can beat 
them and even kill diem." - 

The time has never been better for 
the world to d eman d an end to h uman 
rights abuses in Kosovo. Sanctions 
have started to sap the quality of life in 
Belgrade, and popular discontent is 
growing. The united Nations should 
immediately attempt to reinstate a 
long-term human rights rnisaon in 
Kosovo. If Serbia rejects tbe mission 
again, the UN Security Council can 
effectively retaliate by linking the re- 
moval of sanctions against Serbia to 

the improvement of human rights in 
Kosova Tbe UN finally has leverage; 
hopefully it wiD find a way to use it. 

The writer, a New York-based law- 
yer and professor, recently returned 
from a trip to Kosovo for Human 
Rights Watch/ Helsinki Watch. She 
contributed this comment to the Inter- 
nationa I Herald Tribune. 

1894: Revolts in Brazil 

zil — Commercial and private des- 
patches in and from Rio de Janeiro 
hare bent suspended and a strong 
censorship is exercised over cables 
for Europe and the United States, the 
state of siege having been prolonged 
for another month. New revolts are 
reported to have occurred within the 
lost week in the Northern States. Ba- 
hia is believed to be on the eve of an 
uprising, and even here in peaceful 
Recife there is a strong sentiment in 
favor of the revolutionary movement. 

1919: No to Bolshevists 

PARIS — The Council of the Rus- 
sian National and Democratic Coali- 
tion has addressed a note to M. K- 
chon. Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
expressing approval of ms negative 
reply to the suggestion that represen- 
tatives of the Lenin-Trotzky govern* 
ment should be admitted lo the Peace 
Conference. The note declares that a 

compromise with Bolshevism would 
be a capitulation to a worse scourge 
than German nutitarism. It con- 
cludes with the hope that the ques- 
tion has now been definitely settled 
and that the only voices heard at the 
Peace Conference will be those of the 
true Russia, free and democratic. 

1944: TJnnentral’ Spain 

LONDON — [From our New York 
edition:) Great Britain has expressed 
its dissatisfaction with Spaiivs "un- 
neutral neutrality” for the second 
time in less than a week. Foreign 
Secretary Anthony Eden told the 
House of Commons this afternoon 
[Jan. 19). Answering a question re- 
garding the government's attitude to- 
ward the continued presence of Span- 
ish volunteers in German lines on the 
Russian front, Eden told ihe House 
that he had informed tbe Duke of 
Alba, Spanish Ambassador in Lon- 
don, ofthe“mo5t serious effect" which, 
this assi st an c e to Britain's enemies 
must have on Anglo-Sponish relati on s 



- **&+s‘~ •> ./>*■. .^1 '. 



W ASHINGTON — There was 
gpod news for the republic 
this week: Former Education Sec- 
retary WiEGam J. Bennett's "The 
Book of Virtues” passed Howard 
Stem's “Private Pans" on the New 
York Tunes best-seller Bst to be- 
come No. 1. . 

Mr. Bennett’s book Is not an 
ideological tract or a lciss-and-tell 
government memoir. It is an 800- 
phis-page collection of inspiring 
slories, fables and poems, along 
with the occasional speech, aimed 
primarily at teaching children bow 
to thi n k about right and wrong. Its 
purpose, says Mr. Bennett, is . to 
help parents in one of their essen- 
tial tasks: “the training of heart 
and mind toward the good.** •; - 
Already,- I can. hair the" loud 
groans from liberals weary of the 
Bill Bennett wbo cAea. saves the 
conservative movement-as an mtd- 
lectual bully. 'It Is tree that when he 
goes into fuD ideological rant, be 
cannot content himself with swing 
that liberals arc wrong; he needs to 
write them of! as dumb and wiflfuL 
ly blind to common sense. 

No doubt it is this BH1 Bennett 
who won the rave blurb on his dust 
jacket from shoutm osier Rush. 

ByE.J. Dionne Jr. 

ponent of social justice, be singly 
reiterated an old lesson from the 
dvQ rights movrabenu It was Mar- 
tin liUbcr King Jr, who linked the 
individual’s duty to embrace the tp- 

sponsiNlities or titirenrinp with the' 
obligation to act in concert .with 
others to vindicate citizenship’s 
rights. He sought to transform 

both individuals and society. . 

Thus, disentangling tire “values" 

• debate from .partisan politics is 
now seen as a realistic possibility 
by people on both rides.' 

- Peter Wehner, director of policy 
for the conservative group Empow- 
er America, argues that his camp 
needs a "new! abroach. 

“If . you’re seen as taking base 
political advantage of these things, 
people 'resent h, -he said; "These 
are issues where you need political 
consensus, and you’re not going to 
get consents if you create the jag- 

idzation of these issues." 

-- William Galston, one of Mr. 
Clinton's top domestic policy 
aides, argues tJbcat government can- 
not change society in ibe absence 

Limbangh. But don't let that stop of a dlizenry that has reached can- 
yon. The Bamdt on display here is sensns on certain values, and acts 

a different character, open to the 
possibility that liberals might wor- 
iy about the country’s children as 
much as be does. 

He writes: “We must not permit 
our disputes over .thorny political 
questions to obscure the obligation 
we have to offer instruction to all 
our -young people in the area in 
which we, as a society, have reached 
consensus: namely on the impor- 
tance of gpod character, and on 
some of its peryaave particulars." 

That is precisely right; and it is 
hard to qtnbWe with the 10 virtues 
around which he organizes Ins 
book: self -discipline, compassion, 
responsibility, friendship, work, 
courage, perseverance, honesty, 
loyalty and faith. - .. 

Mr. : Bennett’s inclusive fist is a 
reminder that most of the talk in 
American political campaigns 
about “values" has been useless be- 
cause it has not been about promot- 
ing good values at_aB. It has been 
aimed at “proving" that one's ad- 
versaries are immoral dobs. Conser- 
vatives k>vc to arguethat Ubcralsare 
permissive, * empty-headed, mutti- 
cultnralists. Liberals see conserva- 
tives as heartless bigots who talk 

accordingly. “If most people, most 

of the time, are not acting from the 
inride out, are not acting out of the 
wellsprings of their character." he 
said, “you can’t bribe enough, you 
can’l punish enough" to get them 
to do the right thing. 

Mr Bennett is careful in his 
book to be dear that in preaching 
the virtues, be is speaking not just 
to “the underclass" hut to every- 
one. If “values” are simply a dub 
to use against the poor, they arc 
not really values. 

Mr. Bennett says as much by 
praising compassion, which “takes 
its stand with others in distress” 
and "takes seriously the reality of 
other persons, their inner lives, 
(heir emotions, as well as their ex- 
ternal circumstances.” (Rush, did 
you read that pan?) Mr. Bennett 
also includes challenges to social 
cbmplaceocy, such as Martin Lu- 
ther King's famous letter from a 
Birmin gham jail and Frederick 
Douglass's searing speech of July 
4, 1852, denouncing slavery for 
making "a sham" of America’s cel- 
ebration of liberty. 

The Bennett of this book, at 
least, could have some useful con- 
versations with Mr. Jackson and 
Mr. OimciL By helping to make 
virtue-talk less partisan, be might 
make politics more virtuous. 

The Washington Post 

MOtAfOuR . 

ihutit coaimss 
MHAV£A ^ „ 

'Responsible M£P/A 
AHftCS AMP excess < 

T f 

Realism of the Right: 
Reverse Bodice-Ripper 

By George F. Will 

«EsrataLE 5 





The African Problem 

Regarding “ Africa is Being Left 
Out” (Opinion, Jan. 4f: 

. Tins editorial decries , Africa’s 
cumulative debt burden, its inces- 
sant regional — often txibaBy fo- 
cused — wars, its diminish ing 
terms of trade, its endemic attacks 
of disease and famine. As maw 
comfortable liberal “northern 
commentaries often do, the editori- 
al calls for more outride money to 
help assuage Africa’s many mani- 
fest problems. I suggest that mare 
of Africa’s own money be forced to 
stay put 

According to the latest World 
Bank survey of the mattes, sub- 
Saharan Africa’s proportion of ex- 
ternalized flight capital represents 
more than 80 percent of annual 
gross national product. What flows 
m through national accounts' front 
doors, as in International Mone- 

mountaios should be selectively for- Doing the Continental 

given, over 20 to 30 years, only for “ 

those indebted nations whose lead- Let us imagine for one ghas 

era demand total transparency and 
accountability in the micromanage- 
ment of their national affairs. Why 
continue to throw gpod money after 
bad in Africa, or elsewhere? ’ 



QrarduD Kept His Seat 

The editorial “A Politician's Pol- 
itician" (Jan. 8) contains an error 
of fact While Winston Churchill’s 
Conservatives did indeed lose the 
general election of 1945, Churchill 
did not lose his seat. He became 
leader of tire opposition — which, 
naturally, didn’t please him at all 


Mr. Laser is correct Churchill 

about “good values" just to argue inward .investments and loans, 
that poor people have “bad values." typkafly fltws out these countries’ 
But the values debate is chang- back doors, in unsustainably large 
ing. In the 1992 campaign, couser- amounts, into the offshore bank 
vatives got. badly binned in the accounts of a few members of the 
values wars; most voters suspect often cocrapt ruling elites. 

tary Fund/ World Bank and other • hwtzb 1945 and again in subsequent 
inward .investments and loans, elections until his resignation from 

that politicians who shout top 
mudi about “values" have little to 
offer in the way of practS^ reme-. 
dies. When Dan Qnayie ran into: 
trouble for taking on Mosphy L 

Opportunistic “northern" banks 
and companies have often fuded 
thxs. flliczi. traffic,- and many have 
profited, until recently. Now, even 
less sawiry and less competent 

Brown’s d«asian tot^a’t^^d^ ‘^aicrar**tomr»aorado so. , 
of wedlock,- cOnSemtivw learned . Today’s bidden often skimp on 


also like a little compassion. - ; 

And liberals have learned dial 
all the new. programs in the world 
will not work if lads five in envi- 
ronments; where Mr. Bennett's fist 
of virtues is seen as ajetas. ; 

When Preridenl Bifi Ointcrn ar- 
gued in Memphis that individual 
responsibility was an essential com- 

•o projects 

and more unserviceable debt 
For serious action to be effective 
in Africa, tire offriwre banking in- 
dnssiy must be brought under 
competent supervision and thedis- 
■ ophites of t& UJS. Foreign Car- 
nipt Practices Apt must be extend- 
ed to all trading nations. : . 
Finally,-IMF/Wadd Bank debt 

the Rouse of Commons in 1964. 

The Quarantine Lobby 

Regarding “Babies and Europe's 
Pets” (Letters, Dec 18) from Caro- 
line de Westenhoh: 

The quarantine in Britain exists 
.because of three powerful lobbies: 
the kennel owners, .who. make a 
• mini boarding cats and dogs for six 

quarantine kennels, and breeders, 
who do not want the competition 
of, for example, French poodles 
from the Continent. 

Any British vet can affirm that 
anti-rabies vaccine lasts for a year. 
The lobbies don't want to know. 

Tegna, Switzerland! 

Let us imagine for one ghastly 
moment that guerrilla lighting 
erupts among FrerrelMpeaking, 
English-speaking and Indian- 
speaking Canadians, which very' 
soon spills over into “ethnic 
cleansing." The United Slates 
calls on its European allies for air 
strikes deep into Canada to keep 
airports and access roads open. 
Dare we imagine how the Europe- 
ans would answer? 

h is heartbreaking to see Euro- 
peans expending their energies 
protecting inefficient markets, or 
closing them to Eastern Europe, or 
boasting about their cultural iden- 
tity — yet shrinking from every 
possible responsibility on their 
own continent and begging for 
some of that American backbone. 

The tension of the East-West 
confrontation has subsided and 
with it the will to fight relatively 
minor disturbances. The electoral 
cost of body bags is too high for 
weak European democracies. Thor 
lack of purpose and increasingly 
strident nationalism call for a fun- 
damental reappraisal of U.S. poli- 
cies toward the Old Continent 


Fast Reflexes Essential 

An American at 

As a cricketing Yank, I thor- 
oughly enjoyed Paul Taylor’s de- 
scription of the nuances and ambi- 
ence of cricket. 

I would add one dement to the 
problems faced by a batsman: 
speed Mr. Tavlor, who entered the 
game as a mid-order batsman, was 
facing spin bowling which be right- 

ly described as “coming in slowly" 
~ but trickily, as the bowler relies 
on flight and deception. The open- 
ing batsman, however, faces a ball 
going over 90 miles <145 kilome- 
ters) an hour, catapulted from a 
distance about equivalent to that 
from home plate to the mound. 

You cope with the curve in the 
air and then the bile into the turf 
and a bounce that might go Tor 
your head or shoot away from you. 
The American spectator says 
“nothing happens" because die 
batsman didn't run. I say, how 
about facing Nolan Ryan’s curve 
digging into tire din just three feet 
in from of you and having to do 
something with it?! 


The Lower Depths 

Regarding “Hear This " (Fea- 
tures. Dec. 12); 

The item states that “nearly ev- 
ery Japanese household has a color 
television, but half aren’t hooked 
up to sewer systems." This must 
mean that the other half of the TV 
sets are hooked up to the sewer 
systems. With the quality of local 
programming, it is the type of 
hookup badly needed in France. 


Nyon, Switzerland 

A Lady Rhino, Perhaps? 

Regarding “Women by Pietro 
Longhi" (Art, Dec. 18): 

Was the picture accompanying 
the article on the Retro Longhi 
exhibition in Venice meant as a 
joke? Of all the works in this exhib- 
it to use and exemplify how “Pietro 
Longhi put women center stage as 
never before in Italian an" 1 won- 
der if “H Rinoceronie" is not a 
rather insulting selection. 



Puritan Paranoia 

Regarding the report “Mrs. Clin- 
ton Rejects Stories of Husband's In- 
fidelity" [Dec. 22): 

The Romans nearly deified 
their caesars. despite knowing full 
well of their sexual promiscuities. 
The ancient Greeks went further, 
granting their gods full sexual 
freedom. Why, for heaven's sake, 
do Americans today, in an incon- 
gruous show of bigotry and shal- 
low puritanism, incur internation- 
al ndicule by harassing their 
political leaders in endless sexual 
witch-hunts — and this in an age 
of tolerance, common sense and 


Paiania. Greece. 

W ASHINGTON — The sexes. 

already at dasgers drawn 
about so many things, now have 
something new to scrap about. ll is 
Michael Gricb ion’s novel "Disclo- 
sure." number one this coming 
weekend on the New York Time* 
best-seller list, with about one mil- 
lion copies already in print and (be 
movie rights sold for S33 million. 

Its subject is sexual harassment of 
an employee by lus boss. A woman 
boss. Batten down the hatches. Mr. 
Crichton has sold more than 100 
million books worldwide — 30 mil- 
lion in the United States in the last 
1 6 months alone — because his raw 
material (the adjective is just right) 


touches anxieties or the age. These 
include menacing science (“Juras- 
sic Park”), menacing Japanese 
(“Rising Sun”) and now women 
who are menacing because they are 
as libidinous as many men are and 
powerful enough to behave as bad- 
ly as many men do. 

' What do you call a steamy novel 
that is like those novels known as 
“bodice^rippers." hut with the sex 
roles reversed, a novel in which 
what gets ripped is a man’s shin? 
Whatever. Mr. Crichton has writ- 
ten one. with a political pamphlet 
embedded in it. 

A young executive anticipating 
even greater glory at a high-tech 
Seattle corporation. DigjCom, is 
disappointed when a woman with a 
high ratio of political skills to tech- 
nical knowledge geLs promoted 
over him by the corporation’s 
CEO. who is “progressive” about 
promoting women. 

She is not only a former lover of 
the disappointed executive, but 
treats subordinate men as sex ob- 
jects. Her first day in power she 
summons her former lover to an 
evening meeting, makes extremely 
aggressive advances — - “He felt 
dominated, controlled, and at 
risk” — and when he spurns her 
and files a sex harassment suit, 
she files her own. 

Here we go again: He 
says ... she says. Who will be- 
lieve him? His lawyer, that’s who. 
The lawyer is a woman named Fer- 
nandez. which scrambles the calcu- 
lus of political correctness. 

She says: “Harassment is a power 
issue. And power is neither male nor 
female. Whoever is behind the desk 
has the opportunity to abuse power 
... About 5 percent of sexual harass- 
ment claims are brought by men 
against women. It’s a relatively small 
figure. But then, only 5 percent ol 
corporate supervisors are women. Sc 
the figures suggest that women exec- 

utives harass men in the same pro- 
portion as men harass women.” 

Mr. Crichton's premise — that 
there is no difference between the 
sexes regarding abuse of power — 
may or "may not be true. Bui it 
ceriainJy is a provocation to “vic- 
tim feminists” whose premise is 
that Lhe world would be pretty 
rrpjch perfect if tt were scrubbed 
clean of all vestiges of patriarchy. 

With so many perfectionist 
dreams, from Rousseau's to Marx’s, 
thoroughly discredited, it is late in 
the day for serious people to believe 
that something straight cun be nude 
from the crooked timber of human- 
ity. Bui there always is a supply of 
credulous people, and one of Mr. 
Crichton s useful purposes in “Dis- 
closure" is to annoy them. 

So when a young female asso- 
ciate of Ms. Fernandez’s says. “I 
just can’t believe a woman would 
act that way — so aggressively.’’ 
Ms. Fernandez replies: Suppose 
this were a case of conflicting 
claims about, say. money — about 
a contract. "Would you assume 
that the man was lying because a 
woman wouldn't act that way?" 
The associate rays of course riot, 
and Ms. Fernandez asks. "So you 
think women are unpredictable in 
their contractual arrangements, 
but stereotypical in their sexual 

Mr. Crichton’s novels are not 
deathless literature but they are ter- 
rific thermometers for social feim. 
"Disclosure” is symptomatic of ibe 
fact that many men feel sei-upon 
and eligible for a slice of the status 
of victim. Hence the broadside de- 
livered by a Crichton character 
against affirmative action: 

"Look: when I started in Digi- 
com, there was only one question: 
Are you good? . . Now ability is 
only one of the priorities. There's 
also the question of whether 
you're the right sex and skin color 
"to fill out the company's HR Ihu- 
man resources! profiles. And if 
vou turn out to be incompetent, 
we can’t fire you. Pretty soon, we 
start to get junk . . 

.In the 1930s. a didactic, even 
pjbacby kind of novel called “so- 
cialist realism" was all the rage 
among novelists on the left. But 
(he world turns and today Mr. 
Crichton has produced a work of 
what can be called “conservative 
realism.” presenting the world the 
wav many conservatives want 
readers to see it. “Disclosure” is a 
better broadside than a novel, but 
between you. me and the lamp- 
post. the pamphlet in the novel is 
a good thing for a few million 
readers to run into. 

ll'YisJungin/i Past Writers Group. 



By Stephen Wrigfri 305 pages. 
$22, Farrar, Smats A Giroux. 
Reviewed 1>y - ' 

Michiko Kakutani 

sive first novel, "Meditations in 
Great," pnWidaed a decade ago, of* - • 
Jered a haltodnatoiy vision bf the ■ 
Vietnam War as seen through the 
eyes of an intelligence adviser 
turned beacon addict. Wright’s se»r 
and novel, “M31: A Family Ro- 
mance” (198 & cfhrtlvdjr.Wo^ft' 


aBegcay of American Mettaraighitt 
portrait of a ghoulish family cult. 

The dark tide -of the American 
dram is Wright’s subject ance ^ain 
is his latest book. “Going Natwe," 
«n Tifwvifiip ro nns mg 1990s verson 
of “On tire Road" that gross us an- 
al arming picture of a country 
pitched on the erige of an emotional 
and soda! abyss, a country already 
familiar from tabksd headlines and 


which too many people pack gm» 
and too many people come to vao- ; 
lent, unosweted ends. . 


Wolfgang Pettssen, director of 
•This BooC and more recently “In 
the Line of.Hrc” is reading “Red 
Harvest" by DashfeD Hammett 
“1 want to check h out as a possi- 
ble film. It’s the only Hammett that 
basiDcH been made into a movie.” 
(Thomas Crampim, WT) 

, -*-* XXJTZjD 

ing Native” begins with a snapshot- tinm And never kxto back^ 

bnehl portrait^ a suburban cot*- Wgtej ft his 

Sir cSST up in “middling nogblxws’ grera Ford 

Tire Jaws have tiro . “unwashed, unwaxed, decidedly 

s, each of 
story, “Go-. 

televisions. Rho hasa susceptibility 
to “bad thoughts” . ana scary 
dreams, a sense of emotional dans- 
trqphobbL Her husband, Wylie, al- 
though he spends a lot of time 
watching '‘shoo t / chase/ crash’ ' 
movies, seems likc an “average” 
sort of guy; there is “nothing im- 
mediately distinctive" about him, 
Rho titinks, “no crags or crannies 
or funny clumps of hair for words 
to adhere to." 

One night, Rho and Wylie invite 
their friends Tom and Gem Hanna 
over for a barbecue. After the nar 
cbos and daiquriis, after lire steaks 
and potatoes, Wyiie- excases h&n- 
sdf from, the table.- Hr never re- 
turns. And never looks back. 

Wyfie, it seems, has steten his 
neighbors’ green Ford Gakjrie, an 

at a mass-market wedding chapeL 
And there’s Emory Chace, a 
small-town motel owner, who 
dreams of writing a hit movie about 
a woman who falls in love with an 
alien from outer space. 

As far as these people are con- 
cerned, lyrics from heavy-metal 
rock songs, shootout sequences 
from movies and lurid scenes from 
pulp novels all bleed together into 
the violence they watch every night 
on the news and witness duly in 
ibeir lives: the random drive-by 
shootings; ibe high-speed highway 
crashes, the unforeseen acts of God 
— — ■ .aod nature and 

disorienting odyssey across Ameri- ^ 

H »r ura rtf tact pie seem unable or unwilling to dif- 

C values, fcrcsbate between dreams and neah- 

ty, between the movies tbev haw 
a“d tire actual fives they lead, 
-tS mad. for 1/vKe. means Fre ? Q ’ a fomier pornography star 

STm l&SRSU it also 1-2-; 

i . L.. 

Master reading and language 



Heart** hikI l A.fic«a^e 

to AlteSs^S^TOIMrdlo 10 ** f rt**. of Bonxo in 

ibeowst, Wyiie follows a path that “ 

iynms t ht lives Of amm ley group cdT^ UddS 

their cocaine-fueled paranoia turn- 

■jassswsss lajSSS 5 ** 


finds a Teniae kn«r and t^us a job m ^ acm 

changing costumes for a scene. 

- Wyfie. Wright suggests, is per- 
haps the most extreme example of 

By Alaa Triiscott 

L arry cohen of Little 
Falls, New. Jersey, woo the 
New Jersey 

ble Knockout Team utampron- 

noc suiu A trump was ted to the trick, since the defense coul 
queen and ace, and East returned diamo nds and South had no 
the heart jack. Bob Sariorius, as The result was down one, 
declarer,' woo in dummy with the imps for the Sariorius team- 
king, went to Iris hand with a dub 
to fSe kin& aad led a spade. He was north 

cross-countiy drive, be assumes 
trick, since the defense could lean an( j discards a host of aliases and 

diamonds and South had no entry; identities, erasing his past and his 
The result was down one, and 6 respmriMity for his actions as be 

IN THE NEWS will help those 
perfecting their English to become 
independent and efficient readers. 
Through compelling news and feature 
stories, essays and editorials, you will not 
only explore thought-provoking 
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“and you 

* *■"“*" . dmiTar KJmcKm&auu icu a 

ship, asd jad < ' abfctodrawthe msmgtnmm&nd 
titles in .North Jersey and estaWfeh clubs, taring otw trick: in 

Chester. , -r . . each suit and' making his contract. 

KteSoSrS to 'the replay, tire fust-trick was 
^ md bSK .similar, but Cribed as East returned 

a diamond at the. Mend trick. 
Btakomtz. Wt^.won and ted a 

the jack, but then cashed the ting 
IwSTSf- and ace of etabs, *^^ (be 

club from the 

St nt TWlBdrfriiia. dimmw, ana Berkowitz refused lo 

4 A 0 9 6 2 
«?98 2 

r* ri Beiathanm and Rich Roth- 
warf, both trf Phzlad dp to- _ 

On tire djagrained deal bout 
South players landed « three 
tains alter a Michads-cue-bid by 
North, orotmsme hearts ana a na- 

dinnunr, and Bereowitz refused lo 
ruff. He couRnow: overmff oa tire 
fourth round oF chihs; aid South, 
could not lead; a spade toward tire 
krnp- That card aid not score a 





*A J743 
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4 108 5S 
*78 4 
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Were North East South 

I* 24 Para . 3V 

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- West led the bean two. 

- Hcralb^KSribunc - 

Return your order to International Herald Tnbune Offers 

Wright narrates Wylie’s adventures 
—and their violent, shattering coo- 
sequences —with cool aplomb, as 
he plunges the reader into a night- 
mare world of sleazy motels and 
low-rent casinos, mind-altering 
drags and orgies send murder. 

Tne writing is more controlled, 
more elliptical than in his earlier 
novels: Not a single detail is wasted 
here, not a single scene is superflu- 
ous. The result is a dulling and 
often brilliant novel, a nova that 
radiates the dark, consuming ener- 
gy of a Hack hole. 

’ Michiko Kokutani is on the staff 
of The New York Times, 

Return your oraer to iniemaaonat neiaiu muunc 

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How Tuberculosis 
May Develop 
Drug Resistance 


/ \ 

• r :>'xV 

-Enzyme How Drug Works q 

^ The drug appears to bind to the #. J 

■ enzyme keeping it from * j 

> ■ functioning. The bacterium 

n P . ... dies when its coating fails. 

A Breakthrough on 

By Lawrence K. Allman 

AW tint Times Se t net 

Two Theories of Resistance 



.• J H 

* ; :r r- 

"! > . Cell membrane, 

"1 4 Peptidogfycar. j, 

r-.Mycol.c 3i iJ . ■* I' 

y'' *■ .* ; ■ • 







en 2 yme 



II the gene 
mutates and 
produces an 
altered enzyme, 
the drug will not 
bmd to the 
enz- f me 

EW YORK — Tuberculosis re- 
searchers have made a laboratory 
discovery that they say paves the way 
for the development of new and more 
powerful drugs against the infectious disease, 
which has become a growing public health 
threat throughout the world. 

As strains of the tubercle bacillus have be- 
come resistant to the drugs dint have long . 
controlled the infection, tuberculosis has once 
again become a deadly disease in the United 
States, as well as in less developed countries. 

Only a few years ago, the u. S. government 
:t the year 2010 as the date for eliminating 

In research on now a drug 
wonts against tuberculosis, 
scientists have found a gene 
that directs production of an 
enzvme involved m Du<dtng a 
specia 1 structural iaye* 

Waxy Coat 

t*- ? -nzyme is 
teiie-ed tc 
bui'dmg blocks cl 
m * oi'C ac<d into 
a v - * » coating 

Drug Saturation 
H too much of the 
enzyme is 
produced, the 
drug is 


B-*tr fc.l'he Jk-Nr» >«v* Vna 

set the year 2010 as the date for eliminating 
tuberculosis from the country. But now federal 
health officials say the disease is out of control 
in several areas, including New York Gty. 
where it has become a major problem in hospi- 
tals and homeless shelters and among people 
who are infected with HTV, the virus that causes 
AIDS. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacte- 
rium that causes the disease, has become resis- 
tant to as many as seven drugs. 

The resurgence of tuberculosis has sparred a 
new wave of research, reported in the journal 
Science by researchers from New York and 
New Zealand. 

The discovery seems to explain how isonia- 
zid. a key and tuberculosis drug, kills the tuber- 
cle bacillus. Even though isoniazid has been one 
of the main weapons in the control of tubercu- 
losis since 1952, scientists have never under- 
stood how it works. 

Doc lots prescribe isoniazid to prevent full- 
fledged disease in people who have recently 
shown evidence of infection in a tuberculin skin 

test and to treat the disease. But with the rise of 
new cases or drug-resistant tuberculosis, ex- 
perts are no longer certain about its effective- 

The new study reports on the discovoy of a 
gene m M. lubetuilosis called inhA. for isonico- 
tmic acid hydraride. The gene directs the pro- 
duction of an enzyme that the researchers sus- 
pect helps chain" lipids to each other. They 
believe isoniazid works by targeting the enzyme 
and interfering with the lipids to all the bacte- 

One of the main goals is to use the discovery 
of the gene to find new drugs to overcome the 
currently drug- resistant strains of tuberculosis. 
As a crucial step in pursuit of that goal, the 
researchers are in (he process of crystallizing 
the enzyme in the laboratory to see its three- 
dimensional structure. 

The researchers also are exploring the possi- 
bility of using the crystallized enzyme to devel- 
op drugs against a bacterial cousin of tubercu- 
losis known as M- avium. It produces a 

common problem among people with AIDS 
that is difficult to treat. 

“By identifying the target enzyme, we now- 
have the knowledge we need to overcome resis- 
tance to this drug,** said Dr. William R. Jacobs 
Jr., the head of the New York research team 
and a researcher at the Albert Einstein College 
of Medicine in tbe Bronx. “The idea is that by 
understanding this protein, the target, we 
should be able to begin to make drugs that wQ} 
substitute for isoniazid and be better." 

Another dividend of the new findings might 
be the development of more rapid tests to detect 
drug-resistant tuberculosis. Dr. Jacobs said. He 
said his team sill! had an incomplete picture of 
precisely how isoniazid kills tbe tubercle hariDus, 

^°§S^ mualKH ' liu 1 L hltrf =' r ' wnia: ^ 

SS^Sm bind and kin the buctenam.** 

In tbe research that led to the dbowty ot the 
gene, Dr. Jacobs* team b^an collaborating 
with Dr Paul Atkinson, the had of a laborato- 
ry in New Zealand. His warns research in 
Upper Hul New Zealand, is focused on M. 
bo vis, an important infection of cattle.- 

Both t r nms identified a mutation m the mhA 
gene that produced drug resistance Toe re- 
searchers used different members or the myco- 
bacterium family- The New York lean idcnu- 
Tied the mutation in M. smegroaus and the New 
Zealand group found it in M- boyis. 

That was strong but only partial proof that 
they had found the target for isoniazid and that 
it was the enzyme produced by inhA. 

T HE next step is to crystallize die en- 
zvme. thereby providing a three-dimen- 
sional picture of the protein. “With 
ihau you can begin to see bow ibe 
isoniazid actually hinds to the molecule and hw 

it works.” Dr. Jacobs said. 

Dr Jacobs said his team could not undertake 
such crystallization studies until it had found (he 
target. “Before this we did not know what to 
cnstalhze." he said. “Now we know this is the 
protein we want to do the crystal structure on." 

Dr. Jacobs also said that be has found hints 
that inhA might have implications beyond tuber- 
culosis and he speculated that the dspcnttv 
“might open up the way to make whole new 
iJhss of broad-spectrum antibiotics. 

The Sleep Gap: A Growing Danger 


By Jane E. Brody 

AVw I—-.' Tune, \cnui‘ 

EW YORK — As wu read this, 
millions of >leep-dcpmed people are 
driving car** and truck-., operating 
hazurdixi n.iJiiiier.. ad'pini-vring 

. . . i...!e.r 

and even piloting jel>. 

Chances are. e\ery one of those sleep-de- 
prived people is performing below par. Many 
are so sleepy that (hey are likely to nod off at 
tf*e drop of a hat — •• iiile reading, listenma to j 
' r... . - .. n.v -r -T ■■i'.- 

bc rcsp*’nsible for a large share »»l accidenLs. 
Those drivers ulus live to tell the tale often 
repun that tfn.v .:id not know they were about 
to Tah j-sleep. .. im happened. 

Dr. William LvmeiiLa sleep disorders special- 
ist at Stanford University, says many sleep- 
depri - - ul people ore as likely to fall asleep sud- 
den.’ ‘ • . — .w».i»«* ir.d ,-er dr-. 

4 . in.*.- . ..\ jv.-j:;-. i.s *e.n»- . 

disorders, like sleep apnea and narcolepsy. 

Sleepiness has become an endemic condition 
in our 24-hour society, where light bulbs and 
relei ision >e» prompt people to postpone bed- 
ic\ .-•••• • - i vi- to . -. -• 

•• • . .nwiiv .i„ j,.u ten ;jd r '.'>ei.: 

are like!;, to he a*; .. -usl;. mtpJred 

Although no nu:.-r airtme .ivud.-ai Iij> been 
linked directly to -ieepy v^apn undue 
fatigue ha< result.o in pilots' laiii.'.g to read 
gauges correct!' and landing not oiiiy on the 
wrong uni" a', but even .it the wrong airport. 

Among drivers of automobiles, long-haul 
trucks and even buses, sleepiness is relieved to 

...••• :!!L lOi. u.e> ■ 

«*r«; . r -r ivnirs u night, but veep 
expert - s; ; i r|y* ;? nonsense and that bosses 
would he far >norc efieiiive if they slept more. 

Evolution procrai'imed humans to go to 
deep a nn after nigti'lall and to arise as the 
dawn breaks, which a: the Equator (where hu- 
man beings evoiveui Mean* people would sleep 
ahout n. ne hours a mi'.L And indeed, studies in 

sleep laboratories, where people live without 
knowing when it is day and night and have no 
alarm clocks to tell (hem when to arise, have 
shown dial most adults need eight to eight and 
a half hours or sleep a night. 

But in real life they get less than seven. With 
each foreshortened night, they add to their grow- 
in? sleep debt until they reach a point where they 
ro longer voluntarily stay awake. 

According to Dr. James Maas, a professor of 
psychology who is a sleep researcher at Cornell 
University, the most sleep-deprived of all are 
high .srhoof and college students. From the ages 
••• " . . '-p .ire greater than at any 

.- . *.r hut die 

- - e'en >1. p sleep are 

a. ■' v’c • . . •ac.aa'cd. 

Mother’s Silicone Implants 
May Hurt Breast-Fed Infants 

WASHINGTON (NYT) — Researchers 
have reported that there might be a link be- 
tween silicone breast implants and damage to 
the esophagus in breast-feeding infants. 

Tbe authors of the report, published in The 
Journal of the American Medical Association, 
said that the number of infants studied was too 
small to make firm conclusions about a link 
between breast implants and internal damage 
in children. But they said that their study was a 
warning of possible problems, and that they 
hoped to do much larger studies. 

Tbe doctors who carried out the study, from 
the Schneider Children's Hospital in New Hyde 
i’ark. Now V- reported dial *bev bjii ?»am- 
ir.ed i: ' wlwrsc medic y- bud silicone 

implants. Eight of the women breast-fed their 
babies and three fed them by bottle. 

Dr. Jeremiah Levine and Dr. Norman 
llowite, who carried out the study, found that 
six of the right breast-fed babies had damaged 
esophagi that resulted in a nearly complete 
inability to contract and relax them in the 
involuntary wave motion the body uses to move 
food down to tbe stomach. . 

Americans Over 50 Ignoring 
Safeguards Against AIDS 

WASHINGTON (WP) — Middle-aged and 
older Americans are a bigger part of the AIDS' 
epidemic than many presume and are not doing 
their share to protect themselves and prevent the 
spread oT the disease, according a U. S. survey. 

For years. Americans older than 50 have 

accounted for 10 percent of newly diagnosed 
AIDS cases, with those over age 60 accounting 
for 25 percent of these cases. But while most 
cases of AIDS in older .Americans used to be 
due to transfusions of contaminated blood dur- 
ing surgery, the majority now are caused by 
heterosexual transmission. The percentage of 
new AIDS cases attributable to heterosexual 
sex is greater among Americans 50 and older 
than in any other age group. 

- But older Americans aren't practicing safe 
sex. A survey of 3.200 predominantly hetero- 
sexual Americans older than 50 showed that 10 
percent had at least one risk factor for AIDS 

bemqphiliaci. but f-wer tKm ” nercvnt had 
beat tested for the • ■■ . cua-e> AiT- - ar. ' 
85 percent never u>w : .' :■ mx 

Sleep -luJics have .shown that these young 
pec'ple »eeJ about 10 hours of sleep a nighL Yet 
the average student sleeps only six hours, accu- 
mulating u sleep debt that grows by four hours a 
nighL Parents beiruxin their teenagers’ “laziness" 
because (hey sleep until noon on weekends, hut 
most of these young people are only tiying to 
cancel some of their weeklong sleep debt 

Sober YSL, Naughty Valentino 

By Suzy Menkes 

ImtnuuiutkJ HerjU Tribune 

A Whale That Lurched Into the Sea P 

By Djvid Broun 

ll.lWurli;/..-: As; S.n:.i 

mg nddle of cv>.iuoon: How and when did 
« Salts — wlio»e ancestors were four-footed. 

W ASHINGTON — What did a 
f.5U-p».ui»J wluiL- Jo on land 50 
million veal-, ago’ The answer 
probably wasn’t "Anything it 
wanted !" More likely, it was iurcliing around 
clumsilv like a sea lion, perhaps nuting. binh- 
me or suckling, ^ut almost certainly looking 
forward to u- r -.--t dip m the *dtcr 
“Of vours; ne jii i be sur.* -.rut's what thi' 
entter did. ran - ; '..ii\ one t! - . ••■tight." J.G. M. 
Thewissen. ,i c mparative .-ratomisi. >uid 
about his rccen: J-scovcry of ••• hat is lltcughl to 
he a new genu :nJ species a . :buloveius ra- 
tans. the walking whale that ns 
The fi’ssil fir J may help > -r a long-star-.- 

land dwelling mamnu'.s — develop the ahility 
to li e in the ocean*.' 

Dr Tliewis n.r». whi* teaches anatomy at’.hcjstem Ohi«» I'r.iversiiies College v*f 
Mediviiie. discov ered (he remains of the ancient 
whale :n northern Patuan in January 1992 
during an expedition spo«a>ored. in part, by the 
National Geographic Society. 

!■' I*t81. a paleontoUsgjst from the University 
■ •f Michigan found a primordial whale, called 
PaMCCtus. ui the same region. ANxil the size of a 
we.!, its remains were ir. dep«vsiis that contained 
ancestors of tapirs, jrnmalo. rodents and fresh- 
water fish. There- w.L-n'i much svf Pakicetus — 
.*nfv skull and teeth iragmenLs — but scientists 
believe it probably spent most of its time on land. 

On his trip. Dr. Thewissen went out erf his 
way to spend some time digging in clearly 
marine sediments. 

The hunch proved a good one. In a 50 rail- 
I ion-year-old bed of silt and mudstone, mixed 
in with moNusks and snails, the team 
found the skulL ribs, some venebrae and limb 
bones, and nearly complete from- 3nd hind- 
foot bones of what they think is a slightly more 
recent whale. Half a mile away, the excavators 
found a tail bone that almost certainly is not 
from the same individual animal, but which 
they believe is from the same species. 

Perhaps tbe mast important conclusion that 
Dr. Thewissen and his colleagues have reached 
about Amhulocetus natans is that it moved by 
flexing iLs vertebral column — tbe same means 
of locomotion as modem whales. 

P ARIS — Hie French 
have a word for the 
show Yves Saint Lau- 
rent sent out Wednes- 
day; sage. It means well- behaved, 
sensible, level-headed. Tbe coutu- 
rier, who once lived and designed 
on the wild side, has now sobered 

“Classic Saint Laurent" he 
said hackstage. adding that his 

quined cardigan. The rest was su- 

Nice girls may go to heaven 
and Saint Laurent Bad girls can. 
go to Valentino. His collection 
began and ended with scarlet 
women — first a red dress with a 
raised waist and flirty chiffon 
skirt, finally a slither of boudoir 
lingerie. They were the themes of 
a pretty show that was light- 
hearted and a little bit naughty. 

“Naughty? Why naughty? 
fhv not!" said a laughing Valen- 



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yam-end bout of pneumonia had 
given him only three weeks for 
the collection. 

So it seems mean to complain 
that the show, was — although 
beautiful and graceful — a bore. 
The truth is that Saint Laurent 
and his clients are growing old 
together. To the front-row lineup 
(like the show, it contained no 
surprises), a well-tailored pant- 
suit is very reassuring, and my! 
there was a new half-belt at the 
back of the jacket 

Off on the social safari? Well, 
the little shantung dress will do 
nicely, with its crisp fabric and 
tender colors. And no problem 
about buying the same dress as 
your two’ best buddies, for the 
styles came in trios. Apple-blos- 
som pink, hyacinth blue or cycla- 
men for three soft crepe dresses. 
Three panther prints (hut you 
might have a vintage YSL al- 
ready). Three damask ball gowns, 
bows on the bodice, as pretty as a 
Boucher picture, in white pow- 
der blue or pistachio. 

Saint Laurent said that the 
white gown was his favorite piece. 
His mother. Lucienne, Loved it 
too — thinking it so sensible of 
her son to do a skirt that would fit 
into the back of a car. 

Bui life out there on another 
fa*hion planet is also about tbe 
risk and daring and drama that 
Saint Laurent used to show. 
There were not even the bias-cut 
chiffon* that are so a la mode and 
that he does best of all. 

There was one minor frisson 
when a column of white satin 
came out with a shrugged -on se- 

Why not!" rati! a laughing Valen- 
tino backstage, taking compli- 
ments for the exquisite work of 
his Rome atelier. 

It was the couture ladies* cup 
of cappuccino: a strong base of 
good bias-cutting, a dollop of 
milky white color and a froth of 
lace or flower apphemfe. 

The joy of the show was its 
lightness and movement, with the 
brier flared skirts — so much 
fresher than short and tight — 
fluttering in layers split open at 
front or side. Both die fine crepe 
jackets in fondant colors and the 
chiffon dresses had high waists, 
giving a delicate silhouette. 

If the going got a bit too 
steamy at night, what with trans- 
parent organza and chamilly lace 
like a fancy bridal trousseau, tbe 
slithering gowns were so light in 
construction and so beautifully 
decorated that even the sullen 
and gawky models (they are the 
new thing) looked pretty seduc- 
tive. It gave an uneven couture 
season a happy ending. 

On Tuesday, Hanae Mori sig- 
naled the message of her new col- 
lection when a constellation of 
stars in an inky sky was projected 
onto the backdrop. The Japanese 
couturier was focusing on after- 
dark clothes. Lace and draped 
dresses made the biggest state- 
menu along with a kimono print- 
ed with a bamboo grove. 

Michel Klein. is the first 
designer since Claude Montana's 
late lamented departure from 
Lanvin to try his scissors at nou- 
vetle couture. His idea at Guy 
Laroche was to serve up . some- 
thing light and simple to appeal 
to a new generation. 

Klein had sweet-faced models 
with pin-curled hair and pixie 

Saim Laurent's plaid dress with white collar and cuffs. 

shoes in clothes to suiL Thai 
meant that the French ministers’ 
wives who are Laroche stalwarts 
will not find sturdy suits, but 
rather simple jackets and slender 
pants. Klein even sent out the 
symbol of his success as a ready- 
to-wear designer a Mao jacket 
embroidered with a delicate cov- 
ering of pearls. 

The show w-os poetic, with a 
kooky charm and — if you looked 
real hard — reasons that this was 
couture and not ready-to-wear, 
what looked like big striped beach 
sbuis for vacations were in reality 

—according to the English fabric 
artist Sabina Braxton — made 
with hand-painted stripes. 

But tbe real art of coutnre is in 
the cut. Maybe Kirin, with lime 
and dedication, can absorb tech- 
nique and translate his ideas of 
simplicity, ease and modernism 
into haute couture. 

The higb-fashiop season, has 
not thrown up anv new ideas! but 
followed on the fashion trade of 
die October ready-to-wear season 
in which prettiness — pale colors, 
soft fabrics and feminine- dresses 
—is making a fashion comeback. 


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THE THIS INDEX 114 29^1 

intemalk»aJ Herald Tribune World Stock: Index ©, composed of 
280 internationally ihvestable stocks from 25 countries, complied 
by Bloomberg Business News; Jan. 1992a f 00. 

120- — ; : — ! 

World Index 

O N J D J 



Europe ] 


Approx. waigMng: 37% 

1 Ctase:116LB1PiEW^1J5,72 

A S 

m a 


A S 
1993 .- 

' Tho Mex backs US. doBor values ct stocks Ik. Tokyo, Now Ywk. London, and 
ArganttM, Austrafio, Austria, (Mgtan, Ml Canada. CMto, Danmark, Finland, 
France. Q wman y, Hong Kong, naiy,Mudco, (Mhartando, Now Zealand, Norway. 
Singapore, Spain, Smdan, Swtaiartand and VanasuakL For Tokyo. Now York and 
lon&mtm tndtard. composed d ihe SO top bsuos h terms erf merkat capkaBzadon, 
otherwise te ten 'top stocks are ttuckud. 

Industrial Sectors 

IM .Pm. . . % DM. FiMfc « 

data dost dmje ' ' y • • daw daw, flanp 

E«ng 113.72 112.47 +1.11 Capital Gooda |13,4fl H2.93 +047 

„ 12332 12148 -f 1 J 3 Bwr Materials 120.68 118.98 +1.45 

Ftanw 116.99 115.41 +137 Conatfaer Goods iqq.73 100-36 +0.37 

Soviets 122S0 120 76 *1M KtoeHmtm 139.19 13S.76 +1.78 

far snore Mbnosffon about ffm a bookhl bov^bUe toe of chago. 

WfttatD ntJrxtoi w Amn»OttnlBS do Gate, $2521 NauttyCedBx. Franca. 

. e (rgomatolal Harxkl Titunt) 


Its Deficit 

The Associated Pros 

Carp., parent of American Air* 
Hoes, reported ojq Wednesday a 
loss of $233 millioa for the fourth 
quarter of 1993, and said $190 mil- 
lion of it was due to a five-day 
strike by flight attendants. 

AMR's chairman, Robert Cran- 
dall said the November strike had 
“a much more adverse effect’’ than 
previously estimated, and created a 
loss for the year. The company had 
estimated the strike would reduce 
its profits by at least $160 million. 

The loss for the three months 
ended Dec. 31 equals $3.55 per 
share, on revenue of $3-59 billion. 
During the same quarter of 1992, 
AMR lost $200 million, or S2J56 
per share, on revenue of nearly 
S3JS billion. 

For tbe y ear, AMR lost SI 10 
million, or S2J13 per share, on reve- 
nue of $15.8 billion. Thai compares 
with a 1992 loss of $935 million on 
revenues of $14.4 bilbos. 

The flight attendants walked off 
the job Nov. 18 in a contract dis- 
pute- They came bade to work 
.when tbe two sides agreed to sub- 
mit to binding arbitration at Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton's request. 

AMR said the fourth-quarter re- 
sults also reflected legal costs and 
charges related to previously an- 
nounced layoffs as part of corpo- 
rate restructuring. 

■ Iberia May Swap Stakes 

Iberia Airlines is considering ex- 
changing shares with a European 
and a U.S. airline to form a three- 
way alliance, Bloomberg Business 
News reported from Madrid. 

Managing Director Juan Saez 
said tbe Spanish carrier was having 
“conversations" with European 
and American airlines, “and it 
seems that we are going to be able 
to do something.’' He did not name 
any potential partners. 

Mr. Saez also said that he expect- 
ed a slight operating profit in 1 994. 
Iberia incurred an operating loss of 
24 billion pesetas ($98.6 million) in 


By Deirdre Caratody 

Jfew York Times Service ' 

N EW YORK — Wearing a bine kanga- 
roo tie and looking tanned and relaxed, 
Bernard H. Leser, president erf Condfc 
Nast Publications Ina, was enjpying 


Never mind that tins 68-year-old executive had 
arrived on a nonstop flight from Tokyo the previ- 
ous morning, had spent the day in his office and 
was bade at work at 8 A.M. He was in full form,: 

h^^^^tersevenyears^thejob and 35 years 
with the company — to become chairman of Con- 
dfc Mast's Pacific operations. 

He was also talking about the health of the 
company's 13 magazines and about Steven. T: 
Flono, 44, president and chief executive of The 
New Yorker, who win succeed him as company 
president And Mr. Leser was also offering 
glimpses of his work as one of . the two closest 
Conde Nast associates of SJ. Newhonse Jr, the 
company's very private chairman. Mr- Newhouse’s 
other confidant is Alexander Liberman, 81, edito- 
rial director of the company. 

"Si and I have been conscious of the fact for , a 
long time that all of us at tbe top are in our 60s.” 
Mr. Leser said, "and that for the sake of the future 
of the company, we needed to start to bring tbe 
next generation into management, and it was obvi- 
ous I bad to be die first one to make way." . 

He said Mr. Flbrio was an ideal choke to lead 
that new generation at the company, whose maga- 
zines include Vogue, GQ, Mademoiselle, Self and 
Gourmet ■ ' . 

In another sign of changing times, Conde Nast- 
said Tuesday it wcxrid make its first U.S. foray into 
electronics publications, becoming a minority 
partner in Wired, a year-old magarine that covers 

the digital revolution. - 

The independent San Francisco-based magazine 
has quickly become one of the most talked about 
new magazines because of its front-line reports on 
the communications revrita tion. Hie monthly has a 
paid circulation of more than 100,000 and an 
average of 50 pages of advertising in each issue. 

For Mr. Leser, the return to his native Australia 
had been in the works for several years* In J992, 
Mr. Newhonse announced that Mr. Leser would 
stay on as president until at least 1995. Not an- 
nounced at die rime was the plan for Mr. Leser to 
return to Australia to develop tbe company’s pres- 
ence in tbe Pacific. He baa run the company’s 
Australian publications from 1959 to 1 989, and for 
10 of those years was also in charge of its European 

- Mr. Leser said he became convinced during Ins 
most recent trip that Condfc Nast should accelerate 
its Pacific plan. He said the company would look 
into licensing possibilities in Japan, Kona, Tai- 
wan. Singapore, India, Thai] and and possibly 
Hong Kong. Condfc Nast is already planning a 
Singapore edition of Australian Vogue for Septan- 

During telephone conversations with Mr. Ne~ 
whouse last week, Mr. Leser said, the decision was 
made to Sian tire Pacific project He flew back to 
New York immediately so tire transition could be 

"Steve has developed well so why wait another 
year and a half?" he said of the changes. "All this 
simply, happened faster than any of ns thought-” 

Mr. Leser said Mr. Florio, as president, would 
“introduce tire dynamics of his own style, and Si 
wiU have to adjust himself." 

“Steve wffl find it very different working with 13 
magazines instead of L," he added. “You really 
have k> subordinate your own personality and ego 

See EAST, Page U. 

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Euroeurreney Deposits 

Deutsche Bank 
Jockeys for Role 
In Asia ’s Boom 

Hanwa Says Investments 
Cause $1 Billion Loss 

By Steven Brull 

International Herald Tribune 

TOKYO — Accelerating the 
race among Western companies 
to tap Asia's booming markets, 
Deutsche Bank AG said 
Wednesday it planned a major 
expansion in South and South- 
east Asia that could multiply its 
prefit from the region several 
times over the next decade. 

But Europe's largest private 
hanlf faces formidable competi- 
tion from more entrenched local 
institutions as well as from New 
York-based Citicorp, whose 
push into retail banking will be 
helped by the liberalization of 
financial services agreed to last 
month in tbe Uruguay Round of 
world trade talks, analysts said. 

Moreover, U.S. officials, 
alarmed at an emerging partner- 
ship between German industry 
and government to expand into 
Asian markets, have warned that 
the fight over expons to the re- 
gion could turn nasty. 

‘‘The competition for the 
emerging markets is going to be 
fierce," Jeffrey Garten, the 
third-ranking official in the 
U.S. Commerce Department, 
said in Frankfurt this week. 

Unlike the United Slates. 
Germany randy worries about 
human-rights matters when 
signing trade deals. Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl gave short shrift 
to the issue in November when 
he led a trade delegation to Chi- 
na that locked up S4. 1 billion in 
orders for German industry . 

Ulrich Cartdlieri, head of 
Asian operations for Deutsche 
Bank, said the region would 
spend more than SI trillion over 
the next decade to develop elec- 
tric power, telecommunica- 
tions, ports and other infra- 
structure projects. 

This would present the bank 
a major opportunity in corpo- 
rate finance. At the same rime, 
high personal savings rates of 
20 percent to 30 percent 
throughout tire region have ere- 

Digital’s Loss 
Far Exceeds 

Bbcmbrrg Business News 

MAYNARD. Massachusetts — 
Digital Equipment Corp. on 
Wednesday reported a quarterly 
loss far exceeding analysis’ fore- 
casts and said it was not sure it 
would make a profit for the year. 

The company, the United States' 
third- largest computer maker, said 
its net loss in its second quarto', 
which ended Jan. I, bad narrowed 
10 $72. 1 million, or 53 cents a share, 
from $73.9 million, or 57 cents a 
share, a year earlier. Sales declined 
12 percent, to $3.25 billion from 
S3.69 billion. 

Still, David Wn, an analyst at 
S.G. Warburg & Co., termed the 
loss "huge” and said, "It doesn't 
take a genius to figure out that this 
isn’t good news.” 

Analysis' mean estimate had 
been for a profit of 6 cents a share, 
according to 16 analysts recently 
surveyed by Institutional Brokers 
Estimate System. 

A few months ago, the company 
said analysts' forecasts of a break- 
even or slightly profitable year 
were “reasonable/ But Wednes- 
day, William M. Steal vice presi- 
dent and chief financial officer, 
said: "It’s very difficult io predict. 
Obviously, we didn’t have a profit- 
able first half.” 

Asked whether the second half 
would be profitable, he said: 
“We’re operating very close to 
break-even, and there is a lot of 


Jan. T9 

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ings? Zurich ana New York 0naa*M and tie* 
Ipbn/lces: new Yttr* Cortex (Fob.) 

Source: Reuters. 

aied a wealthy class in need of 
private barriting services. 

"These people have amassed 
personal wealth.” Mr. Canel- 
lieri said. “It's amazing to see 
the growth rates. 

“We still have a long way to 
go in this pari of the world, 
which wfll be the most dynamic 
region,” said Mr. Caitellieri, 
who is in Tokyo to attend Deut- 
sche Bank's’ first-ever board 
meeting in Japan on Friday. 

Asia's contribution to the 
bank's operating profit — 
about 500 million Deutsche 
marks (SS76.6 million) or S per- 
cent of the total in 1992 — will 
soar, be predicted. "I see a seri- 
ous potential lo multiply this 
figure a couple of times over the 
next decade,” he said. 

The bank now employs more 
than 3.00 0 staff in tbe region, 
with 60 operating units spread 
across 17 countries. 

Although Deutsche Bank is 
one of the largest foreign banks 
in Tokyo — it plans 10 spend 
lens of millions of dollars to 
buy a new building for its 400- 
person staff — the biggest op- 
portunities will not be in Ja- 
pan's mature, competitive and 
highly regulated market, but 
farther south, especially in In- 
dia and China. 

"A high priority is India,” 
Mr. Cariellieri said. The bank, 
which now has branches in 
Bombay and New Delhi and a 
license in Bangalore, recently 
notified the government of its 
desire to set up offices in Ma- 
dras, Calcutta and Poona. 

Bui ii will not be alone. The 
biggest bonks in Southeast 
Asia, Hongkong & Shanghai 
Banking Corp. and Standard 
Chartered PLC have an advan- 
tage Deutsche Bank will be 
hard-pressed to match: a Chi- 
nese-speaking staff who know 
the area. 

Brandon Miichenerin Frank- 
furt taniributed lo this report. 

Biiumtvn; Business AVwj 

TOKYO — Hanwa Co., one of 
Japan's most aggressive currency 
and stock market speculators, said 
Wednesday that it would write off 
120 billion yen (S1.08 billion) in 
investment losses by April 1. 

The investment loss would be the 
largest ever reported by a Japanese 
company in a single business year. 

Also Wednesday, the company, 
which specializes in trading steel 
products, announced that its presi- 
dent. Shigeru Kira, would resign to 
lake responsibility for the loss. 

At a news conference at the To- 
kyo Slock Exchange, Hanwa's vice 
president. Takashi I waml said that 
as a result of the loss, the company 
would record a net loss of 47j 
billion yen for the financial year 
ending March 31. 

"I apologize to shareholders for 
these losses.” he said. 

To make up for the investment 
loss, Mr. Iwami said Hanwa would 

divesi its security holdings, liquidate 
seven subsidiaries and cancel its div- 
idend payment for (he second half 
of the year, h will also sell off 65 
billion yen in property to raise cash 
for a new company, a spin-off of 
Hanwa's warehousing and distribu- 
tion operations, he added. 

He said that Hanwa hoped to 
post a current or pretax, profit of 
1 1.7 billion yen for the year. The 
pretax figure, however, does not 
include the 120 billion yen in in- 
vestment losses. 

Hanwa's shares have shed more 
than 55 percent of their market 
value since April 9. when ihe slock 
traded at 1,700 yen. On Tuesday, 
the stock closed at 777. but it did 
not trade on Wednesday. Trading 
was expected to resume Thursday. 

While Mr. Iwami declined to 
identify the specific cause of Han- 
wa's investment loss, the company 
has long been a big player in so- 
called lokkin and other corporate 

trust funds, where it had about 150 
billion yen invested. 

These are specialized equity in- 
vestment funds that were popular 
among Japanese companies in the 
late 1980s, when the Tokyo stock 
market was booming. 

Hanwa was hit by the market’s 
slide last year, when the key Nikkei 
index tumbled from a high of 
21.281.03 on Sept. 3 to a low of 
1 5.67 J. 97 on Nov. 29. Mr. iwami 

Mr. iwami said another source of 
trouble was about 380 billion yen 
in bad loans made by the company 
and its wholly owned subsidiary', 
the computer company CPU. to 10 
other companies. 

Hanwa is one of Japan's largest 
jaiterh speculators in the currency 
and securities markets. Zaitech re- 
fers to the formerly widespread 
practice among Japanese compa- 
nies of using speculative invest- 
ments to stretch corporate profits. 

Sales Drop Dashes U.K . Hopes 

By Erik Ipsen 

Iniematumal Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Growing hopes that Britain would 
escape its slow-paced recovery received a setback on 
Wednesday with the release of surprisingly downbeat 
retail sales figures for the crucial month of December. 
Instead of the widely expected gain of aboui half a 
percentage point, the government said sales had fallen 
by 0.2 percent. 

"The figures suggest there was too much euphoria 
about the pace or spending growth.*' said Gerard 
Lyons, chief economist at DKB International. 

While most experts were quick to blame statistically 
difficult seasonal adjustments for the decline, which 
contrasts with early bullish reports from several large 
retailers about their Christmas sales, most conceded 
that the figures had succeeded in knocking expecta- 
tions down a notch or two. 

That was good news for the stock market, where ihe 
Financial Tunes Stock Exchange index of 100 leading 
shares soared 38 points Wednesday to a record high of 
3.475.10. Having risen strongly in recent weeks on the 
hope of corporate earnings growth, the equity market 
was quick to switch gears, seeing the plus side 

“It changed sentiment in the market such that we 
can now see another cut in interest rates.” said Robin 
Marshall an economist at Chase Manhattan in Lon- 
don. He noted that the figures underscored a sifll 
.fragile economic recovery. 

The currency markets also quickly took up that 
theme. The pound lost ground against the U.S. dollar, 
dosing at SI. 491. down from $1,497 on Tuesday, on 
the suddenly rekindled possibility of lower interest 
rates. Recent bullish figures on everything from unem- 
ployment to exports had forced many forecasters to 
abandon hopes for an early rate cut. 

Economists stressed lhai for consumer spending to 
survive the huge Lax increases coming in April, ihe 
government would have to lower the cost of borrow- 
ing. Most now expect such a cut in early spring. 

“The timing is more political than economic.” said 
one economist, noting the need to boost the economy 
before local elections in May and European Parlia- 
ment elections in June. 

Prime Minister John Major's government looks in- 
creasingly like it nil! need all the help it can geL 

In a report released Wednesday. Stephen Yorke, 
chief European analyst for Chase' Manhattan Bank, 
predicted that ihe Major government would fall by 
autumn amid growing scandals and an expected poor 
showing for the Conservatives in tbe European vote. 
He predicted that those concerns would “convince the 
Conservatives that the government needs to be re- 
launched — and that means a new leader." 

While that view remains extreme, it reflects wide- 
spread and growing disenchantment with Mr. Major' s 

market diary 

Blue-Chip Shares 
Set Another High 

Compiled by Our Stuff From Ditpacket 
: NEW YORK. — Blue-Chip 
slocks closed at a new high 
Wednesday, fueled by expectations 
dial some of America’s major in- 
dustrial companies would report 
strong earnings for the latest quar- 

; The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age was up 14.08 points at 3.884J7, 

H.V* Stocks 

beating Monday's and Tuesday’s 
record close of 3,870.29. 

. Bond prices fell as traders and 
investors braced for an onslaught 

of govern mem debt sales amid 

signs or faster economic growth. 
The 30-year Treasury bond's price 
was down 1 3/32 as its yield rose to 
6.29 percent from 6.26 percent 

' In the broad market, advancing 
issues led declines by a small mar- 
gin on active trading of 312 million 
shares on the New York Stock Ex- 

The blue-chip average's move 
came despite some worse- than-ex- 
pected earnings reports in the tech- 
nology and drug secLors. and it ran 
counter to the trend in the Nasdaq 
market, which is heavily weighted 
with the more volatile technology 

Dollar Gains on Yen 
As Trade Tensions Ease 

Cvmpikil M Oar Staff From Duptucha 

N EW YORK — The dollar rose 
against the yen Wednesday as trad- 
ers and investors decided there 
were signs of improvement in trade 
relations between the United States 
and Japan. 

The currency was slightly lower 
against the Deutsche mark, mean- 
while. with many analysts predict- 
ing the Bundesbank would not cut 
interest rates Thursday. 

Traders bought dollars against 
the yen after U.S. Trade Represen- 

Foreign Exchange 

Vliv»: Mickey Kanlor welcomed 
concessions made by Japan in its 
bidding system for public-works 
construction. The move ended a 
threat of U.S. trade sanctions thaL 
were lo have gone into effect 
against Japan Thursday. 

“People were expecting more 
trade fneiion between the U.S. and 
■Japan." Lynn Tierney, vice presi- 
dent at Shawmut Bank of Boston, 
■said. “Now it looks (ike they might 
make some progress." 

With trade mailers showing 
"signs of progress. President Bill 
Cun ton and other U.S. officials are 
considered less likely to resume 
calls for a strong yen. The dollar 
tumbled against the yen last year 


Agwice r ro u t e Plene Jon. 19 

Claw Prey. 


61 .90 
97 JO 

11020 181.2G 

ABN Amro Hid 
ACF Holding 
Amst Rubber 

DSM 1 1070 111 

Elsevier 1K120 181 

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10650 I MW 
3585 3565 
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Previous : 182578 

Hong Kong 

BV Eosi Asia 5J 5460 

Calhov PoaHc 1360 12.70 
CCeung Kang 4fl.75 *520 
China Light Pwr *9.75 *860 
Dairy Farm inti 1360 1360 
Hang Lung Dev 1860 HwO 
Hang Seng Bank 7360 JLSO 
Henderson Land 54 5260 
HK Air Eng 5? 

HK China Gas 21.90 21 .90 
HK Electric 2860 7920 
HK Land , 27 2*J0 

HK Reallv Triisl 2*60 V '.10 
Holdings 115 W 
HK 5hang HH9 K.«D » 
HK Telecomm I A -'if 15 23 
HK Ferry I3.*0 I30> 

Hutch v'/hampoo 37 75 36 

H non Dev 2*40 2* 

JCrraine Math. 7660 70 

Janflne Sir Hid J560 3175 
KQnlaon t/ator 19.40 S3 
Mandorin Orient 1090 ioto 
M iramar Hale* 2090 OT.70 
New florid Dev J*JS 24 
I SHk.’ Praps 60 **5>j 

Slelur 545 550 

5wire Pac a *3 «C 

Tai Cheung Pros ilto 1150 

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Wing On Inti 1420 1190 
Wlnsar trd. 1«60 1460 


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5cJlna 15200 15150 

5«4.av 15100 15000 

Trotfebcl 11125 10975 

UCB 2*625 74250 

Current Stock Utoen : 769193 

Previous : 7642773 


AEG 17360 173 

Allianz Hold 2758 2738 
Altana *4560 *33 

AskO 1115 1103 

BASF ?« 7023960 

Haver 35650 fctn 

Bur. HyOSOOnk *71 470 

Bov Verrinw* 514 521 

BBC 710 *90 

BHF Sank 478 479 67960 6W 

Cam me rr bank Zb* 37160 
Corilnen'ol 2*025760 

Daimler Ben: 80J6O7vrJ0 

DeWKWJ <64 45063 

Dl BaOcock 253 749 

Devitoene Ben> BivotiKl 
Dauulcs 5M SSI 

DiesGnerBto* <7260 *73 

Fettmjenle 33233? 20 

FKrUBDMOncn 1*91748) 
Haroetwr 31«50 317 

Hn<el 655 645 

HOCMtal 1140 1229 

Hsechst 33*3030020 

Hoizmcnn 1043 1030 

Horten 253 245 

1V/KA 38360 382 

Kail Sal: too 15a 

Kcrstadi 54" J2* 

KaufTto 4 73 4*5 

KHD 1216011930 

Ktaetiner inert e 12200 H3 
Linde 9^ vis 

Lufthansa 184.9018060 
MAN 393 334 

//anneemann 40540270 
MetoHgwer .MS 245 
Muencti Rueck 3405 3385 
Porsche 81* 830 

AECI 1825 1825 

Aiieen »l 93 

Anglo Amer 212 21B 

Bor torn 27.40 2360 

Blrmcr NA 7125 

Butlell 52 54 

D* Beers IDASO lo? 

Drlelorrieln 5375 5360 

Gencor 840 8 40 

GF5A IIJ4 (07 

Harmon/ 76.75 t 

High-. eld 5leel 17 50 17.53 

Kloof 536C S3 

Ned bonk Grn 7850 2860 

Pondfontain 4*50 4* 

RuSOIOl 77 78 

SA Braun. 85 BUG 

51 Helena 43 <2 

Sasoi W2J re 

Welkorn 44 <6 

Western Deeo 170I78W 

sssrs »*“• 

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Dow Jones Aworag— EUBOPBUi FUTURES 

Dafly dosings, of tha . 

Dow dones industrial average 

3900 - ” ' ‘ ' ■ • ; . " •. 

issues. The NaMlaq index fell 
points to 789.36. 

Sun Microsystems. Intel. Bor- 
land International and Digital 
Equipment — which trades on the 
Big Board — all reported worse- 
than-ei peeled results for their most 
recent quarter. Their stocks fell, 
pulling down other technology is- 
sues. Digital tumbled 3*4 to 32 j j. 
Borland was off 11: at 13%. and 
Sun lost to 27 L i. 

Texas Instruments declined l 1 : 
to 69\. and Advanced Micro De- 
vices slipped *n lo 19 1 -*. 

Pharmaceutical stocks also fdl 
after Pfizer posted lower-than-ex- 
pected fourth-quarter earnings and 
the Food, and Drug Administration 
moved to limit the use of a painkill- 
er sold by Johnson &. Johnson and 
made by’AJza. 

Pfizer was off 4 « at 63, Johnson 
& Johnson lost lo42-K and Alza 
was down U* at 26’'4. 

The day's economic data, al- 
though strong, had little effect on 
stocks, analysts said. 

The Commerce Department said 
the U.S. merchandise trade deficit 
shrank slightly to S10.I7 billion in 
November, helped by a big drop in 
imported oil prices and a reduction 
in car imports. The figure was 
slight! v better than expectations. 

(Reuters, AP. Blonmber^i 

man 386864 38tSJO 386423 3S84J7 ♦ 14.63 

Trims 182220 1*27327 1813.79 1826J7 -4^ 
UtH 770Jd ZZtkM 2I7A8 22008 —052 
Corm 14111* 1*1566 140924 141846 -J.43 

Standard & Poor 1 * Indexes 

I IndiRlrtolS 


I utility 
; nrasnee 

I SP 100 

NYSE Indi 

High Low ckwc one 
53851 SS0A9 552.99 +BN- 
44925 445.71 449.19 4-OJfi 
1681 1 16877 168.11 * tJtf 
44.95 4439 4460 —83* 
474JI <7221 47830 + 805 
<39.90 43874 43929 +853 

High LOW curse area 
CnmooiUe Z82.96 26221 2489S +819 

Indujlrlals 32268 32163 32268 +834 

Transo. 302.75 Z81J71 792-75 +066 

Utilities 224.70 22172 234-73 +162 

Finance 219J20 217*4 21 886 — 1.21 

J A 3 O M D d 
1093 1994 

NYSE Most Actives 

NASDAQ Indexes 







BnOQnC 1 





i WWAIftS 
• AT4T 

VoL Htoh Law LOS f Oig. 

57227 *4'k 4>l- 6?to —5 ■ 

JOtgn 7’'i 7 7*5 . I., 

46329 66 '■7 67'.* iV,t -W 

AM 77 W»v 39.5 JS'l — *'■ I 
J8298 *3 l ; •O’* 61 'm — l*w ' 

33781 44*^ XT'* 43 —l 








High Law 



7W124 6*2«J 
7M98 7SLSS 

c tow cuto* 

920.70 +894 
18826 +281 
694.16 — M3 

nzsr +128 

AMEX Stock Index 

33587 36W 

31073 il"i 

yr^t MPti —1 

2W6? «W »+i — •’* 

2J025 21 W* 20 — J 

24358 *2'» *0': 61 — »■« 

7432V 3+ H't 7+% -n 

23035 S5+i 55 WW 

27339 15'* I3to 1S5. -Ik* 

HlOtl LOW Close COVC 
48380 48I.7D 40338 + 144 

Dow Jones Bond Averages 

AMEX Most Actives 

20 Banas 
10 Utilities 
10 industriats 

Close care* 

10540 —0.12 

10126 —0-12 

10764 — 0.12 

1 GHCdacr 
| EcnaBcv 
I AE-Oi 
! Hosora 



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after Mr. Clinton and others said a 
strong yen would help shrink Ja- 
pan's trade surplus. 

The yen also retreated after the 
U.S. November trade report 
showed the deficit with Japan nar- 
rowing to S5.72 billion from S6.CN 
billion the month before. 

The dollar finished at 1.7455 
DM. off from 1.7465 DM at Tues- 
day’s dose, and at 1 1 1.405 yen. up 
from 1 10.790 yen. It also closed at 
1.46U5 Swiss francs, down from 
1.4620 francs, and at 5.9340 French 
francs, up from 5,9335. The pound 
dropped to SI.*W0 from S 1.4960. 

The Bundesbank now is consid- 
ered unlikely to make changes in 
interest rates when its policymak- 
ing council mcel> Thursday, us the 
mark's continuing weakness makes 
it difficult for the Bundesbank to 
drive German rates lower. 

“1 think there’s a pretty universal 
belief that German rates will be left 
unchanged tomorrow,'' Malcolm 
Barr, an economist at Chemical 
Bank in London, said. “The basic 
view is the Bundesbank won't want 
to be seen encouraging the mark's 
recent weakness." 

But. several analysts said, its fail- 
ure to act now would only increase 
pressures on the Germain central 
bank for a larger cut later. 
(Bloomberg, AFX, Knight -Ridderi 

NYSE Diary 

Market Sales 

NYSE 4p.m. volume 
NKSE orev. cans, close 
Ame* 4 pm. volume 
Am»* art*, cons, close 
NASDAQ 4 pm. volume 
NASDAQ drew 4 dju volume 
NYSE volume up 
NYSE volume (tom 
Arne* volume up 
A mex volume down 
NASDAQ volume up 
NASDAQ volume down 

SAP lOO Index Options 

Clow HWt Low Prev.Ctose 


Stoning per metric totHon of 10 tons 
Mar 913 914 f» 912 915 914 

MOV 922 923 937 917 »23 924 

Jot 933 934 949 933 936 938 

Sap 946 9*7 960 9*5 950 951 

Dec 961 962 071 958 TLA. NA 

MW 974 97S 988 974 — — 

Mar 9B* «5 993 993 - - 

Jill 992 995 NT. 6LT. — — 

i Sep 1.000 UBS 1JH0 UJ10 — — 

Dec M15 Ij02S N.T. N.T. — - 

ESI. Sales MM 

DoBan per metric ten-tot* of 5 tana 
Jon 1.163 1,167 1,183 1,163 1.1BS 1.187 

MOT 1.176 1,178 law 1.IM 1.197 1^00 

Mar 1,183 1,185 l^tc 1.177 1J02 IJOt 

JUl 1,175 1.178 1,196 1.169 1.196 1,197 

Sap 1,175 1,180 1J2O0 1470 M.T. 1,197 

No* N.T. 1,182 W 13W N.T7 1,197 

iOP MT. 1,182 1J0O 1008 N.T. 1,197 

Est. SoteSXWS 

High Low CHM Ch‘08 

Dollars per metric wn-tots of Si taiai 
Mar 287.70 286J0 28A50 ZB7J0— 060 
turn 28760 mso TflAOO 28660 — DJO 

ADO 2WJ3 292. 10 ZHMO 291 60 - 1 Jffl 

Od 28160 27968 279.00 58060 - 1.70 

Dec 18160 N.T. 27100 28000 — 2L30 

Mar 71860 NT. 27900 281 j00 — 260 

Est. soles 2327. Prev. antes W. 


Close F rev lop* 

BM Ask BW ASk 


Del tor* per irw4rlc ton 
Spot 118500 110760 U8960 119050 

Forward 120SJM 1206CG 120860 T20960 
Colors per m ^ c 0 ^ ofl 1 1MfJJ0 123000 

Forwora 188660 188760 185160 185260 

ISr ,PerM, 35?S T49860 49660 49760 

Forward 51060 51160 50960 50960 


W° r * *^ r " , ^60 O, i78!L0a 572560 573068 
Forward 58*560 585060 579060 579260 

SS WSPer "»BiS O an060 497S00 «&00 
Forward SBSSiffl »• 503060 504060 ' 
ZINC (Spedai hwiCwh) 

Dollars per metric tan 

Soot 101*60 101760 102060 102160 

Forward 103560 103460 103960 UM0L0O 

hwi low cusa ottm 

- Industrials 

Hh* Low L«t Seth* are* 

UJL aauen pw piewc toe+ots of in tans 
144J0 1*125 
M4J0 I44J5 
!«S U3» 

vam 1*160 
1068 WS 
U&5D M5O0 
V472S M725 
14960 14930 
15268 QZ0O 
N.T, M.T. 

15760 15760 
N.T. N.T. 

ESt Soles 1S351 . Prev. sales 19,477 : 

Open interest 11438* 

U3. donor* ncr barrahfota of LOO* tnntta 
Mar 14.15 US' 1462 1462 +0.13 

APT 14.12 13LP2 1*68 U60 +OB7 

MbY . 1*28 . U6? 1*21 14.12 +M* 

Jlfll UM 1422 U6S K38 +068 

Jot 1L52 14^9 1*40 1*40 +008 

Am VJS 1*40 14x0 1458- +067 

Sep 1*60 1*75 1460 1*73 +<U9 

Oct 14.94 MSB US* 1*01 +0111 

Nov N.T. N.T. N.T. 1563 +0.13 

EV. Sales M.9Z7 . Prev. «pes 30A31 . 

Open interest M4451 

Stock Indexes 

E2S per hMtsc paw 

Mar 350*6 34*56 35016 +436 

Jl» Slt' . 8LT: 35156 +*15 

SCP N.T. 1LT. 3S3t.e +415 

Est. volume: Z2J0B. Open hdarast; 73.133. 
Saurcms; Routers. MalH. MtodaM Proa. 
Laxter Crtrt Financial Futuna EKcAanm 
mil Poirokwn Excfxmut. 

Spot CwnmoiBflw . . 

Commaanv Todcrr Pnv. 

Aluminum. IB 0338 -OS* 

Coffee. Brat, IB 0*35 0A3S 

Capper electnPvtlc. IB. Mg'. OJg 
Iron FOB. ton 21368 moo 

Leod. U> 034 034 

snver.tWM • usa 

Sleet (scrap), ton 13363 mra 

Tin. ID iwa 3*081 

Zinc, to 8*845 0*«45 


O) PricesHelp Cot U.S. 

WASHINGTON fAP> — Axnenca’s tnofl_LUy traae uci _ 



MW) Low Close Change 


MOT 9465 9422 9462 + 069 

Jen 956* M69 94.99 +1168 

See 9567 V4.W 9561 + 069 

Dec 85JJ7 9467 9499 +413 

Mar 94.93 9*74 9467 +0.14 

Jh «U6 »4.57 9468 +M3 

S»c MJff 94# WJJ +0.13 

Dec 94.40 9*23 9435 +0.14 

Mar 942* 94J IS 942D iWi 

Jan 94.1 D 9362 94JB +0.15 

Est. volume: 139,517. Open Intennl : 41463*- 
(1 miiDaa • Pti of 108 Pd 

Loreto Cocftoi 
wash Mutual 

Per Amt Par Roc 

I O .» 3-15 Ml 

Q .1* 1-31 3-15 

KSB Bancorp 
Park View Fdl 
St Pol Bncpn 

. .10 1>M 24 

. Woe 1-28 2-18 
_ 615 1-31 2-1* 
.. .125 1-04 28 

Total issue? 
New Laws 

5tritt CaOvLarl 
Prtociao Fed Mar Apr 


tot FfB Mm Apr 

A most Diary 

Total issues 
New Lows 













Total issues 



jin Wto - — — to l'i Tto 

415 - - a . - • » to 2-i - 

438 2#=j Jf'j C a - Ito 2<i K. 

42 14to l* IPl - to tto A* - 

4)0 < F. Ill Us IK* to To 4i; Ato 

S P. Jto IB - 2 to Mi * - 

; . 4-j 4to S'4 *to Sto Fw 9>1 

4C 4 - - fl If: - 

450 • 1 2*. 4 - 13U li'-, 15L 

455 4 '. 1'- — - - - - 

l« - to , 1't - - - - 

Cons: totd m. 1TUU. tout cuen m. 50L2N 
Pg»: Me* vol 129J*L total 0P« h4 4U8M 

DtcK Dec 19 DecH DkH 

32'.; - - t. - 

If; - - «. 14 

40 - - 1 - 

ipi - - Hsm- 

J5 - - Ito Ti 

Cads: vtol 4*10: total owe M. Mil 
Puts: ratal «el J5*: taw oien u4 1371B9 
Sowar: CflOE 





+ 402 





+ 402 





+ 0.04 





+ CUM 





+ OJM 










+ OJM 

Est. volume: 305. Open Inleresl: 1<L211. 
DM1 million .pts of 1|0 pc* 

Mar M*8 94*5 9**7 + 063 

Jon 94.94 9+90 94.92 +062 

sea 9i25 wa? unch. 

Dec 9553 9547 *5*9 —061 

Mar 9567 9562 9563 Uacti- 

Jurr PS75 9570 95.70 Uncto. 

Sep 9571 9563 9567 Undl. 

Dec 9360 «5J6 9567 — 061 

Mar 9149 9564 95.44 — 0J» 

Jim 9537 95J2 9532 — 0JH 

EM. volume: UOJDJ. Open Interest: 0646W. 

CUM - Pts & 33nds Of 1M pet 
i Mar 120-13 119-01 12080 +081 

Jan 119-31 119-13 119-11 +«8 ] 

Em. volume: 117638. Open Interest: 98625. I 
DM 254609 - Bt* ot 100 Pd 
Mar 10060 10055 10865 —065 I 

Jen 10067 10061 —06* I 

ESI. volume- H17&a Open Interest: 152605 

Sale of Elf to Begin on Thursday 

Blunmbcn. Business .Vrtoi 

PARIS —The French government kicked off its 
third large-scale asset sale on Wednesday, putting 
60 million shares, or 24 percent, of the French 
national oil company Elf Aquitaine on offer begin- 
ning Thursday. 

The sale will be completed by April 20 at the 
latest Economy Minister Edmond Alphandety 

Individual investors can bid for 33 million, or 55 
percent, of those shares, with the rest going to 
institutional investors, both French and foreign. 

The rest of the 51 percent stake that the French 
state was holding in EJf will be split between core 
shareholders, the staff and the state, which will 
retain about 13 percent. 

On Wednesday. Elf shares dosed at 418 francs, 
up 10.3 francs. 

Q .18 1-28 &14 
Q -.32 3-16 4-4. 

O 62 1-3T J-15 
M 675 2-18 *+ 

HI J7S 3-tt 4-1 
M JDS +22 ' 58 
O 65 2-1 2-18 

O .12 1-2B 2-15 

_ 67S 131 3-28 

Q .12 2-1 2-15 

Q .13 1-26 M 
□ 65 1-31 2-15 

M 66 1-31 3-15 
M 6773 1-31 M3 

Fst Commnwith Fcl 2 for 1 SNIL 
Southern Coronortinopovobtadpleana 2 tor 
1 spin declared Jon. 17. 
a^nflMlj HO WM t In CanatflM fttodSf m- 
iPflntMvi wauartatv; *-wmFonnonl 

N.Y.S.E, OdcHct Tradtag 

Buy Sales Short* 
Jen. 18 161SJ27 167*611 36647 

Jan. 17 770624 1624J88 HM 

Jon. 14 908621 1*39*11 79JT7 

Jan.13 932686 1yW1,7®4 6S,?7i 

Jan. 12 1682*19 1*83634 43678 

‘tndnded In fhrsatos ftpum 

Air France, BA Feud on Aid 


PARIS — Air France denied on 
Wednesday charges by British Air- 
ways that it received a 1.5 billion 
franc (5250 million) infusion of 
government aid. British -Airways 
said that it had lodged an objection 
with .the JEurcipygij . i^nipis^qn,. j 
The money involved concerned an 
issue of bonds and taken up mainly 
by a unit of state-owned Caisse des 

pnees and lower car irnpons. the l0 lowest 

The merehaodise trade deficit declined by ^^^^pest oil 
levd since August. Imports fdl by down aSl« 

prices in five years, buteroorts.wwe ^^fte'reported that 

0.1 percent. Separately, die Araenwm Sumpiion in 1993. 

imported ofl accounted for 49*5 percent of U.S. 
brwJdnga marie set in 1977. • . _ . T iscufti an 

. MarSMe. the Federal Reserve in its so^ed Tan 
upbeat- assessment of the economy at the , ^p ipJSit 

noting that holiday safes had been strong m l 1 cm P wyineD 
• in the manufacturing sector was beginning to unprov 

U.S. Probes Branch of Banco Latino 

had been withdrawing Tunds from ihe NOami l0 iieel 

Yenauda’s sccond-lSost bank, closed Fnday afwr faflmg «> nieel 

^Aspok^nanfoTtbc Fcdml Reserve Bank of Atlanta confirmed that 
an investigation of the Miami branch was under way. 

Intel Results Disappoint the Market 

SANTA CLARA, California (Bloomberg) — Intel C’orp^jhme price 
plunged in heavy trading Wednesday after the company poaed tewer- 
than-ejmected fourth-quarter earnings and said its gross profit margin 

pnobabry would continue to narrow m the first quarter. . 

Intel stock was down 54.75 to S62-50. The company 
disappointing earnrags em high costs at two plants that are gearing np to 
boiJd advanced versions of Intel's x86 famfly of microprocessors, which 
are used in personal computers. , • . , 

The company said strong demand from the personal computer martcei 
boosted net income to 5594 minion for the quarter. 38 percent higher than 
the same period in 1992. but that still feD atort of analysis expectations. 

Earnings Up 61 % at McDonnell Unit 

ST. LOUI^Missomi (Reuters) — McDonnell Douglas Corp. ^id its 
operating e a rning s in the military aircraft segment were $180 million ut 
the fourth quarter, excluding charges for the C-17 program, np 61 percent 
from the same period in 1991 . . , 

The company said revenues were 5 percent lower than in 1992, largely 
because of reduced volume in the F-15 program. McDonnell Douglas 
said it took a fourth-quarter pretax charge of $450 million, to cover a 
settlement with the Defense Department and increased contract costs on 
the C-17 program. 

BankAmerica Reports Profit Gain 

SAN FRANCISCO (Bloomberg) —BankAmerica Corp. said Wetott- 
day that its fourth-quarter net income rose 4.6 percent after a $1-0 
million cut in its provision for loan losses. - ‘ 

Net income rose to $496 million, or $ 1 2 1 a share, from $473 million, or 
$1.19, a year earlier. ..- 

The lower provision for bad loans partially offset a drop m net interest 
income and an increase in expenses. Richard Rosen beig, ch airman and 
chief executive, said five units — the Seafirst Corp. banking unit in 
Washington state, residential lending, the UJ>. group. California retail 
banking and Asia ~ were the strongest contributors to earnings. 

Generated* Wing Fight Over Patent 

SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO. California (Bloomberg) — Genentech 
Inc. scored a final victory in a 10-year patent fight thar wifl earn it a 
greater share of the $500 million generated each year by a blood clotting 

A settlement In the case gives Genentech increased royalties from the 
sale of Kogenate. a product used in the treatment of hemophilia. 
Following the settlement, a federal judge in San Francisoo dismissed a 
lawsuit brought against Genentech and Miles Inc. by the Scrip ps Re- 
searefa Institute and Rhooe-Poulecc Rorer Inc. • 

For the Record 

; American Tdqtfcone & Telegraph Co. and Pacific T?lesi$ Group’s 
Video Services smd they would set irp a triaLof air advanced interactive 
^television serrices systent in Milpitas, California. . . - • {Reuters, l 


yean Mr. Bucklw. 43, had been' vice preadcat °f 

Apple’s U^. higher education division. \ (Bloomberg) 


Season swam 

HMI LOW Oden rtoti Low Cta» On OaJni 

1168 830 May 9* «U* 1811 186* 1067 . -068 28*34 

11 JS 9.1566 *4 10.77 18» 1070 1073 -062 15*88 

1165 9*20ctM 1073 HL75 1067 1069 -15*30 

llJn f.lTMgrVS 1475 1075 1068 1074 4065 3699 

1089 1057 May 95 1074 * 00* 111 

KL89 1057 J6 95 1074 *064 SO 

1D» 1057 del 95 HUS 1077 1075 1074 +0M 110 

Ettiata 34.704*n 18650 
Tue'iCoenrnf « 16620 OR 917 
COCOA (NCSE1 igmP*WlMrM ' 

1«5 953MW94 1155 1145 1120 1121 -41 31 6*4 

1148 «7BMay*4 11*1 1190 1155 1157 — « 1U» 

t£s 999AM 94 1225 1228 KM IW -18 HUK 

1377 ID»ScpM 1245 1250 1214 1210 —45 M«? 

1389 IMS D« 94 1771 1271 1238 1227 . -40 <*« 

1382 1077 Mar 95 12W 12M 1262 12*2 -94 7JM 

1408 11 11 May » 1299 1295 1295 1273 -» 5.930 

1«7 1225Jult5 1291 -34 JJW 

1350 • 133DSen* T306 -3* 401 

Esr.totas 12604 . Toe's. MM 36« - 
rue's aoenlnt *8,718 off *i 


73425 8050 MOT W 107J5 11070 W760 119-30 *16$ IL7M 

135JM 8960 Alov 94 10960 11360 10960 11360 -U0 2.501 

135 08 UTL50JU94 111,25 H375 II US 11500 *260 1,115 

13450 M5l»S«p»I 11760 *275 

msn MBJHNpvM 11*60 11740 11SJ0 1T87S *360 250 

13160 HHS0JHI95 0065 * 360 

12465 10*60*to95 12065 *360 

Mdv 95 ram *360 

Elf. sales 7-500 Toel jm 2409 
Tub's open itit ff.lll up 1*2 



104 40 7255 Jan 94 8760 *760 0450 8450 -4125 94* 

18750 7300Mar94 »*0 8760 8565 1*60 38.90 

S720 7450 AorM I7JD *7J0 8760 86*0 *010 738 

K360 71*0 MOT W 8710 8760 8160 8&JD *020 9.743 

»*» 74. K) Tun 94 87JB 8760 64.15 1055 .020 _ 

102-95 7468 Ad 94 14.40 07.10 8U» 0*61 *025 1538 

10X30 7*90 5*0 94 8*68 8*60 8*60 1*70 lOJD 3603 

10(90 7575 Dec 94 1760 87.40 1460 1760 109 XUS 

8850 .14.90 JDnH S8M M.IO *8(0 «7B *09 

. 9908 7XOOFet>95 8LSS 185a 8010 BUB i860 1689 

i 8850 676»(itar95 87.IB 109 

E8.C0 7465Ma«95 8765 *050 ZO 

35® 7809*4 M 8768 >050 

Wflil 753DAiig95 BUS *865 387 

1450 79.WSCP95 8755 *050 

8110 75600095 8010 87.W 07.10 8660 -*0S> 

8330 7775NaufS 8050 8750 8750 1090 >030 14* 

EW SOM 15000 Tub'* MU 1460* 

Tuetogaea int *4.945 up 9*3 
5440 3*8JJn>94 53X0 53X0 5300 5326 1 

51*0 UUM« 5320 SOU 5320 53X3 1 

B4J5 JMAMart* 5325 5410 5180 0*6 7L41* 

5333 37I0May9* 5300 544.0 S2L0 5301 . 146*9 

usa 3710JUIM 5400 54*0 5250 5416 0939 

5*16 37055*094 5*46 540Q 5** 5 5446 2643 

572 O 3800 Dee 91 549 j 500 S37J 5496 *01 7JW 

5400 4MBton95 5506 .01 

5720 4105Mor93.SSU S9UI 5*4 l0 555.7 *01 2.737 

5840 4IBO Allay 95 5591 *01 

S950 «OOJK95 5*00 5*00 5400 5*33 *01 

ifiJO «U?StP9l iBS <8.1 

57X5 090 Doe 95 5770 5770 577.9 5740 ,01 711 

EU SOtoS 34.' Tue'8 start 21 J88 . . 

Toe's aoenlnt 111677 sit 77 
PLATINUM (TOMER) anp-aMnsrmtL 
42703 XtUnjbnW 375J0 —160 100 ; 

42050 33S6OA0T9* 3*080 39700 39*60 3*5.88 — 1 JO U,m ' 

47X00 3570OJU1M 39800 298JO 39050 39760 -1JD JJ9S 

*0580 3*800069* 397 JO J97J0 39740 39860 -L30 376 

40700 37460 ton 95 «&2S — L50 07 

397.00 3970QAcr9S 40260 — 1J0 

ESt.Wfcs NA TuetouttS 97* 

Tub’s open BY 19605 up 117 • 

GOLD (NCMX) n»i»a.<awiwntw 

mst ia»j»w 3 ex -ojo 

415-70 maDFMM 39360 39*60 39U0 392.70 -090 *7^1 

39*60 38350 Mar 94 jruo -an u 

4MJ0 33560 AprM 39550 39*60 393611 30*60 -090 32683 

41763 339 Ot ton 94 39021 39030 3*5. M 39070 -090 3463* 

<1500 MLSOAuaW 3*960 3*76t 37160 17070 -0*0 4,599 

41760 314600 0 94 39950 »9S0 399.50 »I0 -0.90 1IV1 

47050 30 00 DllC 94 4D4JD 404JB 401J0 40X00 -09011,907 

41 UO 36X50 FBI 95 «U0 -020 1674 

<(■•-« SS*ffiAar*5 40 TM -090 

*aS« )*t 70 An 9S _ 409.90 -!*» 

41X50 3*050 aoo 95 412J0 —160 

41X30 *13600(395 4IS6Q —I®} 

42040 . 41760 —I M 26*7 

EG Idas 45690 Tuo xialei 40571 

Tues open tat 1S76P up IW 


US T; BILLS (OUSti II ime-namni 
9L« 9011 Mar M 9897 9092 94HI 9070 2061 T 

*075 9011 ton H 90*5 90*5 Ml HO >062 76» 

9t*t nuHtepte 8*58 946* 9028 9028 *001 7.W 

9015 tolODee#* 9483 9081 9003 9008 -80S 40 

Esi soto 1,150 Tvt’X total 1.97* 

Tup's cp?n id 30!r up *U 

5 YR TREASURY (£3077 WUaam-MUMtrHM 
ll34tS5H0-l? Mar Win -22 111-3 1U-M 1H-22 » N 19MM 
177-85 109-24 Jun«4 MO-30 1HL31 1KW!75 IKF30S- 01 7.9B 

EVTtaM 20500 Tup's »ta*s 2X554 
Tue's 004* M 201059 up 341 

1 1 Y1L TREASURY (OUT) ujUHBJi-MtiaadttH 
1UW7T 108-00 Mar HI 13-34 113-24 113-15 HHT- 2576*7 
M5-J1 MI-19 Jun9* 112-22 112-21 1I2<22 112-21 • 01 M6CI 

115*01 110-18 Sep *4 . 112-81 r 01 HU 

114- 21 W9-J9 D8C.WT11-B 111-14 11T-13 111-U . n ft 

111-07 109-09 Mar 95 110-25 • 01 I 

Ep.staes *1600 TmitaH.JMH 

Toe's pacalnt SUU « H 

TO-31 9MB Mar 941 IM2 -114-05 115-17 IK-9— O WMS 
119-29 9I4M Juo44 114-21 115-01 114-17 IU-3S— 01 I7.7» 

118-2* 90-17 Saptom-3) 11*41 113-20 m-2*- 82 22657 

"MS 7 LIT DecNin-tr 113-24 tU-» 113-17— '81 15638 

!>*-» W-08 MW« 113-21- 8! *8 

115- 19 98-15 Jan 95 -111-2?- U J* 

1!M5 109-00 San 95 111-8)- n a 

UJ-I4 UK- 25 Dee** - 110-11— 01 7 

K.UH 281000 TitaMaiB 25M0* 

Tue iapenrt 37?6» up '9*89 • 


m-n fw? * xw» m-m tm-m. ism 

TO-fT 10842 JWtWBM* W2-n 182-02 1826* •: ' S* 

Est- Mies 1600 T pen. Mies Mtf 
Tua'ssaaniat 2UD UP SB 

; Vm Anodottd Pl*M 

Season Season 
HiRi Law 

Onen HUh Low Close Cng OaJnt 

Land Sac 76* 751 

La parte 114 795 

Lasma 1J7 i^ i 

Legal GcnGrp 542 5J2 I 

L lavas Bank 065 0)3 

Mart's So 4S4 XM 

ME PC 5S8 3J1 

Nol l Power 4.T* 4*7 

NalWesI *63 rJW 

Httiwsr Ptaior * 5M 

Prarwn oJZB 5.77 

PS O 473 AJS? | 

Pllklnglan 2 0J 115 

PcmwGen 55* 568 

Prudsnilai 177 XT? 

Hank Org 1055 1057 

Reck.HI Cot 481 4.78 

ReiJIond S.90 097 

Reea loll 8.9* B.B* 

Reuters. I" JO 1858 

RAKGvol® 1070 10 J5 

Rolls ROVCB 1.73 172 

Rotnmn i unit ) 4 8J 478 

Rarol Scat 455 J57 

PTZ 0 43 0.17 

SalnsJjurv 4.7* *M i 

Scot Mev-cas 5.84 577 

Scot Power *58 

Sears Holds I2« U3 

Severn Trent 4.2? a 15 

Snell 761 732 

SleOe 5 73 5 *7' 

Smith Nephew 1x3 15S 

| 5lTI!hKllne B w 

A Accor 720 6t5 

3 Air Unulde Ml 

• Aicaiel Alstnom 785 779 

n Ana 1537 1519 

3 Bancalre (C tel 032 to J 




Car relour 
I C.C.F. 

1332 1333 
275 « 27450 
**3 721 

9*6 974 

4148 4152 
29X90 J9I 70 
138» IJ7 
1373 1383 




Coles MVBr 


Ciments Franc 380 Xft 

CiuO Med 384.40 385 

Eura Disney 
Gen. Eau« 
i metal 

418 ae 
1097 1077 
35.95 35.15 
7247 3817 
4J8JC 433 
595 580 

982 9.72 
5.!2 58* 
189* 1874 
X28 453 
0 98 0.94 
535 S3? 
J.74 4.90 
1550 1784 
532 531 
5X5 559 
135 135 

163 U9 
1130 II 
2J3 230 
L73 266 


5 41 530 

Iff? 3 9* 
467 <37 

151 7 17 

IS IE 10.99 
26* L*5 

X S J 5 9" 
54 J I 5763 
*2? 6 !fl 

SM «75 

Latarge Coppee «7) 90 4S2« 
Leg road 53W 5a« 

L/on Eoui 59* 589 

Creal 1L ) 1338 1207 

LVJVLH. 4037 4048 

filnlro-Haenelte 1ST MS 
.VicMlin 6 XB 73353 

Moutlne. 11t« >20 
Parltos S12 514 

Pectiiner ln!i 223 274 30 
PernoC-PicorO 42950 422.90 
Peugeot 820 319 

Prinicmos <Au> 9K 935 
Padiotectinraue J81 10 480 

Rh-Poulenc a MeJO r«30 

CiurJao 365 539 

Fasiers Brew 135 135 

Scodman Field 1 63 169 

■Cl Australia 1130 11 

‘JkKiellan 273 2J0 

MIM L73 266 

Nat Ausl Bank 12<8 1232 

News Corp *«: *94 

Nine Network 5J9 563 

N Broken Hin Xffl Its 

Pioneer Inti 283 260 

Nmnav PoselOOn 2J7 275 

S r Resources 174 143 

70S J.97 12* 

TNT 225 220 

/intern Min-ng 73S '51 

4**9tmc Sank ing • 30 450 

.Yoodsioe <27 427 

! /iiiliomsMdos XU 453 

Willis Curraon 234 228 

FT. » Index .JAM 30 


Prevloei : 3433X9 

Pott Sf LOUIS 

Redauie ilq. 

Sami GaOOin 
S.E H. 

Slu Gene* aie 
Suez ?495( 

U A.P 
‘.’J lea 
CAC 90 Index : 227467 
Previous : 224735 

1*48 7640 

1081 1080 
*24 6)0 

545 551 

■43 705 

74950 Z4i 30 
201 30 

l-*c :mo 

*33 *18 1 

IJ93 73«0 1 


BBV =195 3115 

Bca Central HIsp. 3280 0290 

•. Banco San!in*S9f 69 jo *820 

i cepsa tex me 

| Draaodos 7585 2570 

Enaesa 79*0 75M 

Ercras 1*5 1*4 

I IDerdrala I 1025 1038 

1 R«rsoi W ‘5 4C55 

I Toaacalera 4?U 41E0 

! Telefonica 1H5 1«15 

i S £. General index : J»239 
I Previous : 13354 

Sao Paulo 

Bonce do Brasil ‘JOG 

Bowsdc 4300 

Bradcsco ttjm 

Braflma IMOo 1 

Pgrangconemc -100 

Petraunri *7000 1 

Teleoras 13400 1 

•/ale Pio Dace SSSC0 : 

varig 7 SO® : 

a * ISL 

Bavespa nwi ee : *4202 
Previavs : 60571 
















FA2 fa de* 
PraekMK : 

4S9 *50 

232 235 

SOI 494 JO 
1*7 J48 

1063 1062 
391 3W 
77750 714 30 
757 253 
3*3 339 5D 
347 341 

044 833 

Acnev Nan 
tolled L ran.- 
Ano Wrtgms 
Argyll Grouu 
6n Brif CaodS 

Bonk Scotland 





Blue Circle 

Ba .-toier 


Bril Airways 
Bril Gas 
Brit Sleet 
Brit Telecom 

Caoie Wire 
CcdtRuY 5<3i 
Coats Yiyella 
Camm Union 
ECC Grouo 














HSBC Hldgs 

I Cl 




Banco Camm 460C 

BO0logi 8450 

Benetton group 2'3» ; 
C IP 1*10 

Cred Ifai 2210 

Emehem >310 

Ferlir. !«a 

FWJjbPjSd W0 

FicrSPA 442* 

Finmeccanica 1520 

G-nerali 389*0 : 

IFI 17CJ0 ' 

iTOICpm 11971* I 

'towai W« 

I'simueiiiare isiao : 

tteaioaariCG UrOQ i 

■Vonledison 957 

Ci.rPlh 327*1 

Pirein 41 jr 

3*3 i*430 ; 

Sirascente 5970 

SOioem 3IW 

San Paolo Tar.w loieu I 

S'P «J4 

V/E 3750 

Sn*g r?60 

Shjrwc 25T7U ; 

5tel 4363 

Toro *V,i 7 »t>c ?»3S0 ; 

MIB ifldeti ; 989 
Previous “ 989 


75 7 45 4.95 

ev. 670 685 

1160 11.76 
r Heave 1*50 T6to 

ID 1736 1830 

i Hoce P( 2M 2.91 

or JAB X<8 

industries 4.w 4.98 

IK 6 3) 620 

I J1JC 71.20 

porta 320 330 

tong 147 1.8! 

an Santa 3-ftn *>.10 

1140 1360 
6L!S 820 
8 7J5 

rneng ;5 IQ '5 

nla 6 5J5 

Jam / l»2 *15 

Ita 7.7? 

I cpretos 

Cits Dev. 


Fraser weave 
I Genling 
Golden Hooe Pf 
Haw Par 
Hume industries 
I Inch tape 
| r.epuei 

I KL Kcporo 
I Lum Chang 
/naiovan Baneg 

5 line Dam/ 


S pora Land 
5 pore Press 
Sing jlcomship 
Spore TeHccwnm 
Siraiis Trading 

Strads Times tad. 
previous - 231841 

6*5 *55 
15.10 IS I 
Uti 354) 
3*3 364 


1480 I0-7C 
2.14 Z19 j 
: 238X36 I 



I Airan tiuminum 30 _■ 30-.. 
Bonk Monirecl 29'- jg 
fleirCanciM JT: 43- 
I Bombardier 3 21 s - 

l Lambipr 3 23'-s 

■ Cascades r> 

I DCfnmion f r-I A 8"; 8'v 

Donohue A 26 2Tr 

I ftSacnKllfiR B1 22 : 77U 
! Nall B1* Cancdo H'-i n’+ 
. Pawn- Cera 23'c 32> 

I durficc Tcf 
I itorteeer * 

I ft^ceeorB 

2* 2Tj 
22 : TMr 
nil ir-7 
23-e 72'-. 
71’: rt’; 
70 i 23 
J0 ; » M 
2I’*S 214* 
7'.; T±, 

26 25 -- 

llndaitripls : 20M.IS 

rPreirious : 2007 JT 


Ace a a 

Astra A 

Alias coneo 

EtaCTafrj' B 




investor B 

Norsk Hvdrn 

Procardia A F 

SondviK 3 


■>£ BanSen 

Standio F 




Treiieoarg BF 

Previous : 1S0XJ0 

<i 7 421 ; 

59J S*t\ 


avai EleeY *r 

AsoT.i Oierr.icui 566 

AsamC-'ass 1177 

Bank erf Tatva Ij75 

Bridgestone l*IC 

•2cncn 1565 

Casio ICW 

Dei Nisnan Pr.n* :tK 
Oai-^a House -all 5Ku’!ltes 14J3 

Fcnuc 462C 

Fun Bank ZVZ 

Fmi PKCtc 25M 

Funlsu SIS 

hitckjii yo 

I Hiloctlr Ctole 799 

Hondo iti: 


MBChu *>* 

Jason Airlines 43* 

Kci>ma 6*5 


Kanosakl Steel 52: 

I KJrin Brewer* !2X 

Komatsu —6 

Kubota <-H 

Krocera _ «J=0 

Matsu Elec inds .590 

jworsu Elec'/rvs IOC 

Minubism b» 2«ic 

fAltsumwii Kese. bC 

nuiwinw: Elec S5f 

M.ltsUDism HCV 645 

W.itsutrsn Cora 1C75 

Mitsui and Co 724 

MMvkKtli .43 

.‘Aitsumi 1975 


NGF insulators KOO 

filkkc Sercriries 1S» 

Nippon kogcuu 9.4 

Nippon Oil 772 

Nippon steel 376 

Niooon rusen hJ 

r/JjMsn -fff 

Homu'O Sec . 

NTT S4gO • 

Optica' .OSa 


Bicon 773 

ScmroEiec 4JS 

Sharp -IJC 

snimaZL- 465 

S NnftK' •Z'nerr 1SC3 

Son/ S’2C 

Sum i tame B». 21* 

SunufOtna Crem 425 

Sumi Venne 279 

Sumitomo Metal 223 

Toisei Cera tz~ 

Taisnc/Acrire 21J 

TctodO C*e*' 1 'V-'> 

TC< J9 SZ 

Teipn 441 

Tak «g '.Igrine 1273 

Tckvo EI9C P« 3!C 

Tapson Printing 1220 

To rut > to. JH 

Toshiba *9’ 

Toro 'a 1S7C 

‘icma'chi Sec '£c 

i? thX 

Nikkei 225 . 19037 
Pmiou* : 18515 
Topi* inflea lMl 
Previous : 1511 

IW 185 
255 IP 
145 M2 

its i:i 

152 153 

08 67J» 
198 i«r 
3IS 773 
147 147 

U9 463 

93 « 

*57 *65 

: 1810X0 


*riCff 16*5 

Teaie l.'Vi 

3da r-s 

At»li» Price 
Agn«ra Eeale 
Air Canada 
Algetic Enem, 
Am f*n 

Bk Hg/g ScD*ta 
BC Go i 
6C retecam 
BF ReanvHOi 

I Brunswick 

1 Comdev 

Cennaian Ppcmi: 

Can Packers 13'» 

Can Tire A 13 1 * 

Oja Cantor <5 

5 a, Coro 5‘ J 

CCLIndB 1«* 

2^3 Clnepier 1M 

014 Commco 23 

Sjn Conwest E*pl HJT 

■ «) Denison Min B 0^5 

-aj DKScenson Min A 7\* 

Sjl Dotaseo 25%; 

Drier A 1.10 

itc Echo Bev Mines _ 19 

it, Eovitv Silver A 1 1* 

FCA InN 4.15 

-i -a r w Ind A 9V, 

jT7 Fletcher Chan a 23 

S3 FPI +85 

1 Genlra 0.42 

J GoUCorp B’e 

Gulf COn K« SAD 

Hces ibii )*'» 

ft=i ■ Hem lo GW Mines M’s 

| HMlaiger UA, 

j oc i Horshcm 70 

Huoscn i Ba. 34 

7^1 imaseo «39» 

453 ln S? 

- 77 in tt r oro v pipe 37 - 

„ 4 Jarmocr 21 

I- 23 LOixstt 22 7 

Loa!aw Co 23 'v 

1 ,V43ken£k7 li** 

. Magna mil A *7 

*.Vjrilime 234* 

m ; Mark Res fl : - 

Tlc i .Vac Lean Munier 13 ■ 

■ .‘-’aisan A 2b ‘a 

.I— , Nemo Ind a 7-r 

:r; ; tamdo inc 26»a 

■77 Ncrandki Forest 1P> 

iSS i NC'stn Energ* le^i 

.ps J IChera Telecom <3 ’j 

• nf ' b'.rt Zcra 10 - 

| cut =vw a’. 

Pdsurin A 3A5 

(a- Placer Done 76^ 

i Paca Pelroieum IIP* 

. PA-AC=ro 1J0 

fc- 1 Povroek 16A- 

i Renoissonce 29 V; 

1*73 1 R S«7S B 22'« 

nta '. Sc+i.-thto 101 

i Piral Bank Ccn sm 

4?. ! Seeoire Res 13‘.- 

6 • Scon show 9’- 

JS j Secs 'em 38*i 

*v3 I Sears Con 

■r» . Shell Ccn 38’ : 

, Sherrill Goraan 12 l j 

Tn i sml SvviwnhM 9 

,Sft ' Seuntcm lto« 

i Soar Aerawore 19»- 

■ S Slelra A 9'7 

VS St ' Tallyman Enora 30»v 

“37 Ted B 26 

77- > Tncmscn News U'« 

Si “crants Damn 3T* 

,517 I Toratcr B 27 

TrenSOltQ Util Ifi’-n 

TrcnsCdo Poe 20A. 

I This Fiw * A 

ns 1 Trlmoc l* 1 * 

i Tri*c A 0.93 

■|]7T ! UmafP Energy a70 

39? f TSE 380 Index .-4S1ZJV 
I Previoos : 45*198 


Adia Inti B 237 737 

AibVJiSS* S nr* 6*2 652 

SBC BT*n Bov B 1178 1177 
CiCeGeigy B ®*5 935 
C5 Holding* 3 725 72S 

ElrntrawB 4273 4180 

r.zciwr B 1265 )/J 3 

Ir'ertUscoun! S 2520 25W 
Jelrmli & vso ess 

Lendii Gvr R *6B 9*5 
LfuMWS 7S5 no 

VoeremiCk B 453 449 

Houle - 1332 1132 

Oerhk. Euetirlc R 1 34J50 11* 
Pa-^esoMidB r*00 1590 
S3CW Hdg PC 457U *530 
Sc Ira RrPtoHc 128 1U 
StoSU B 4240 42 JO 

Schmdier B 7500 7*70 

butter Pc e» 8K 

Surveillance 0 J050 3uo 

5.'..'-8 Bn/CnraQ 313 511 
S*ii> fieinggr R 700 67* 
SAKUir R 860 ye 

LB’jB 1447 14JJ 

.v.r.tcritor 0 8*0 eso 

ZuHSU Aafi 1556 1548 
SBSiadei : 165X72 
Prntoui : 1847* 

tt*s emy lo w toofl ra 
ia Bd^ua 
just mfl loB-liec. 

0 800 1 7538 


WHEAT icaon staBIm mnonum- cWn ot- BuPral 
IWYi X00 Mar 94 175 3.78 X7|V| X73U-OJQ2 3UQ1 

J72 XOO MayM X54 357V: U»l lB1k-<UOJy 9J47 

356 7.9* to 94 l*n 1451 1 M»’v XJS5.-OJJWS ti37I 

X5f. XD2 5ep« 145 145'5 14Us XJIVi-UiMk, 2^54 

IAS 3W Dec 94 153 J53': 149 3JB -008^ 2J1B 

127 XIF tolls 127 X27 X77 X77 -003 4 

' Est iam. 1*080 Tie's, soles IfctB* 

Tub's OBcniia 55.225 ofl 2W3 
WHEAT (KBOT3 V»»l«ftw«ft«ov.Oftlto, 0 «rbmhrl 
i 19J 2.98 Mar 94 JJ1W l?s 169 W -0-04 19.0H 

I X79I) 2.98 Mavto X57 X58 5 XSTft USli-OJH 7J90 

LK VO to 94 14? 143 XJT-ft 1571—0055. AAW 

3iS'-i U2'.vSepW X43 X44 X07 XT» -00* 1^37 

160 Sl?Vil>c9J 149 149v? ton., 144'i— OOS»s UOS 

3 521, 3J2 i^fi’n-aasKi 

Eli sales njl Toe's staes S.iiS 
Tim'S to tal int 28JM8 up *7 
CORN (CBOT) MCOixiiT>ra<-Mn>-aaianD(rDuin* 

111"- 2JJJ,Mer« XM 1D0 IW’.v 2.95'5— QJ05*li 128,161 

116'. 2J8' .MOV** XM IDS 3D0*'. ItNW— 0J15V, HL216 

lf«’( 7A\ to» J X04 ’t iar -1 IBV* 3Dla— <UB 7T.2S3 

J.9J*.i 2 41)'; SeP *4 784' k 78* Z8?'.i 233 -*US*k MJ93 

121'. 21ft' .-Dec 94 2*8 220", 16T5 267^,-682% 41.196 

I 2-9‘s Z5J',Mor95 271'v 27S'i L73 ITas-oDJl, 7.S 93 

287 27* May 95 228'., 22**-. X77’.i l.V'i—XaT’'. 793 

2ei', 22«>iXT9S 2781: 179'-- 278*.. LIBlk-ADI'ra 483 

7.53’ i 2 54 Cec 9* lift'i-OOO’i 45 

Est. sales 72X00 Tue's sales 29829 
Tues open wit _jS262 ? atl 3055 

SOYBEANS fCBOTJ saouinAinim.Maira,|viMi 


BJOMav** 1076 





962 Oct 94 










1457 May 95 


1022 tol 95 


1027 Od 95' 




254 S?»'rtoiW *78 202 497 *99\j-aE3j 18DJ 

7 St 562 '.Alar 94 2v5 .*09'i ?JS*’« TSBTt-va 8ASW 

7J1 bW'.sMovTJ 2.11 7 15' I 710‘ , t 7.IIS-— 6.03 ffl.427 

7S0 5 9J :tol«4 709 714'ra 'OS'V 711 — OC? 33D12 

7 JS 631 Aua«4 "C2 1 7JM v rerra 2jJt -Ota i524 

kir-s *17 Sop m ita'i *79r.. 67sv, at* i*o 

'57 s 5S5' .NO.H <L£3 684' j *57". 45*', ■ 801V) 1*186 

*70 6 14'. Jan 9* *J3 *8T: *S2'1 681 -Oa2V> 955 

123'-; 6C A-4r9* (U6'-. 646' t 646 66* ■ 03 IV, 278 

I 62J 6.42":A>I95 61*': *6" 6*6 6t* -DBH, ITS 

*»': 581 '.i Mr." «5 627 6JI'i 627 631 -003 *l? 

&r utaes WJXC Tue's. 526« 

Tue'S open in '83 505 ofl 2503 
[ 50rBE8NMEAJ. tesorj wievtoniiren 
; 23950 1 34 40 ton 94 I94J0 I9HJ3 19683 IMH —(.SO 1.204 

7Z7M IKDQMarte 1*7 08 1 77 SO I? 553 19593 —180 38.934 

2PC0 msaMoy96i97j: mso isun mjo — 120 iltm 
aua tJiaitoM ita.TB 199.40 19500 m» -i« 

22X83 1 7133 Aug 94 t9TJ0 (9T.6J W6i0 1*658 -1 10 59*7 

I'JXBO ITlsCleeW 19SS0 19620 17520 I7£J0 -020 1T4S 

2W03 174 00 Get *4 HXX 19450 1*15? 1*350 -«2n 1.96S 

B»D0 AW Dec 94 17133 I9XS£ 19250 192JD -JJO 419* 

23009 194.CC JCTi 95 17333 19X30 19250 19350 — fJB 101 

Eu.soes I843C0 Tuc's.saes 31,952 
T'je'snoenlnt J'.WJ ofl 487 
SOYBEAN Ofl- laren K.miwn-a**m** IS0*» 

3080 33 : *3 Jon 94 3325 3042 3.16 3UI -422 1824 

D7 21 71. 13 wr 74 2313 TB -Cl 39 JH 39..2S —8 12 

30.45 21 JCr/UV 94 BXD JtuHj 29.TS nsi -CIS 19.799 

17910 2155 JuJ 74 21 JU 295 2 2920 29.81 -8I1IU.PI 

29 JO SI *5At»«4 »se avs Z8JC »* —COS 5.172 

‘a® 27.4CSCP94 M 7625 7B00 29 12 -HOT I4B 

\ a jo a.tcocrct per r r .ra 3 so nss -aus urr 

26» 0.90 Dec 94 7630 :*« 2121! 757* —3.0 6231 

;!43S 22 *5 AW «S 26CS 1105 25.90 2*01 -Oil 317 

7X0-95 2552 2540 2542 25.60 

. Est. staes 3)450 lilt's *aie» SLIM 
[ Tue'sacernnt IJR.SIS uc jjc 


' CATTLE ICUBII Limn > pn ci 
7652 'Q.toFODM 73K 7162 7317 120 

32.*5 21jnAnr84 *595 7*13 7555 7682 

7*85 JiajunVI 7637 742: 71fl5 T190 

*382 -*3-3 8m JW nn 2JIC 72 (0 7258 

2152 *1D71XT»4 W! 23.3! 72.7J 7277 

! 74JB 22J5C*C»4 .**« MB 7755 ’157 

1*JS 73BFen« 7190 1197 7360 7X40 

Esl.-taK'j a;j* Tub's, stacs I6«0 
Tue's open irat T?^8 aa 1H 
a*w ri 93 jen 9< ids; ms wsa i ms 

1 15X5 JVS2M3T04 81.50 gliC *1.10 8120 

:5680 -9.X For 74 UM SLST 831? 4177 

■54 JC 7?ESMavU 8325 83.1C 7780 79.90 

; LIDO 29jSAug«4 BUS 81 JS 81 00 BUS 

■51JP ’9S3SCP91 38 rs S3 92 8X.U 8072 

*8 — 2* JSNc.'M S'JS 3tr. 8127 81 JO 

[B',.13 .*93000 « aOJS 31SI 

: Etf. satai • !»> ■ gr 6 'Akrt 1 ■ J W 
. Tuc'seowirt 11290 OH SIS 
HOGS (CMERI xxc*»-. Mnr.wta 
51 .'5 AIM Fee « 47 >a vm 47 JJ 47JS 

■ 4>w J9rAta«< sac 45.90 4545 JBJ7 

ISJAT 4577 ton 94 SIS 54C0 3X57 53-80 

S*« 43 JO Ail kl 53JS 0.40 SU7 53JS 

I 57 90 M. 15 Atm 94 CJE Sira SUK) Jt JB 

!»7S 43 SC OC 94 48.90 4t.f5 48A5 4J58 

J lo U <130 Dec 24 49 SS 19.98 H 15 49JO 

jULC 4153 Frtl 95 £13 5035 5010 502/ 

I »1 73 J690ABT9* 4L<5 

. Eil -£Mr. 1147 Tug's, SAKS *6 94 
, T-je sncesta inn ud D7 
fPORKBELUES (CMERI «xoin- nrnipe'ta 
tl.15 29.14Bsb«* 5123 S62S SIS UJD 

Vl.« JgttMorK iftKJ 5690 5525 SSJ3 

I 51 72 a; SUMO, 94 SL1C 5X10 5653 S64D 

iVX 39 30 to 94 SBC 50 JO S725 52.42 

, 59 W SLMAuaW 96S0 5653 5540 55.42 

1 stan J.JHf rues.stan 3.4J9 

Tuu'5 jpmint n.791 at: r» 

I CEFPEEC ENCSCl 77 ter *6- -Je— 

9C.2S 41.20 ver 94 25*8 ?61C 72.03 

I 3S3 AUSIWmW 25J0 .'576 SUO 

! 17 50 *J93 Jul94 764S 27. W 7JJB 

»S S8K5«FM -IB 7845 77.00 

191 30 27 M Dec u SC* 8025 7X85 

I 8fJ0 7B.99VW9J 3010 8X80 8X80 


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Tur'terwrtat 55.550 Off 98 
i SUGAR-WORLD 1 1 (NGS61 llWta-<ta» 
' llii OSOMtaW It 34 tOJ* 1021 


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— (UB 7214 
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-025 1431 
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-418 WJB9 
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32 7 S 

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N .. 

Page 13 h 



Thyssen Stahl Loss 


- \y 

Outlook Is Glooi 

Virgin Air Tailored to Asia 

Carrier to Make Service Its Strong Suit 

Russia Puts 
Controls on 

Investor’s Europe 

CtmvsMtoOurSvffrnmDtipadK*- Mr. Scfaub said 
DUISBURG. Germany **** 

Thyssen Stahl AG. Germany’s 1994-95 financial year. He 

SESB&Sb t5=aaKS=S 



oresee a return to profit until the bfflion DM from 1Z5 bflhon DM. 
1994-95 Financial year. . . But he also said that ^ ur ^ an 

The troubled steel giant, a sub- Union subsidies for sted pro°j*' 
sidiarv of Thyssen AG. said its to ers, especially in Italy and^a®- 
in ibe* financial year ended 30 were to blame for the cunxxtcxisis 

totaled 1.234 billion Deutsche in the European sted industry, 
marks (S705 million), compared Thyssen Stahl’s produo- 

with a 306 million DM loss a year tiQn Mr. Schnlz said; output at 
earlier. “the highly subsidized" Italian and 

Spanish producers rose by 1 per- 

Transfers to East 


He said the decision by the EU 
round] of Ministers on Dec T7 to 
re a further 12 billion DM m 
Ses for European cqmpeU- 


Bloomberg Business Se war tOTS without l^UinngcaMClty CUtS 

MAGDEBURG. Germany — f rom. those subsidized m S^ann 

any said. Wednesday that the gov- ceptof a free-raarket economy, 
eminent would continue high web company also intends to cut 

of finandal support to help Eastern t ^ loymcn Vand capital spending 
Gennany's economy. week. Thyssen Stahl said it 

Despite considerable progess- qji a furthcr 1,250 jobs be- 

ip oao between Eastern and West- - ^ those already announced. Mr. 

Bloomberg Business New 

LONDON — Passengers fly- 
ing from Europe to Hong Kong 
on selected Virgin Atlantic Air- 
ways flights need not worry 
about wrinkling their clothes 
during the long flight. 

Tailors will be available to 
measure passengers and fax their 
sizes via satellite to Hong Kong. 
Custom-made clothes will then 
be waiting when passengers step 
off the plane. 

Haberdashery is just one way 
in which Virgin Atlantic’s chair- 
man. Richard Branson, plans to 
distinguish his new Asian service 
when It starts next month. 

He made his carrier famous on 
trans-Atlantic routes by offering 
such perks as in-flight massage* 
and electronic video games — an 
at competitive fares. 

“It’s a little bit of an experi- 
ment. but we think it's gping to 
work," he said of the tailoring 
idea. “You’ve got to always be 
one step ahead.” 

Mr. Branson, 43. has used in- 
novation to succeed in every en- 
deavor he has tried from makmg 

on j He said his Tear of Idling the 
splitting flights to enle m ns e become too large and 

Mia between two pirhne^ V i '*»" fmpersona! had prompted him to 

the creation of k ' ir ? in 

Taj It! _ .m* 

Atlantic and Virgin Pactfic. 

The kct«uj success h^J. 

is to keep businesses small, man 
ageable and innovative. 

Diversity is another key. 

Five years ago. he aarteda 
chain of book and record shops, 
called Virgin Megastores, win* 
he is expanding around the 

^We want to try 
and stay small at 
the same time as 

getting bigger.’ 
Richard Branson, 
Virgin’s chairman 

records to selling games. It has 
rtrimtn's most cete- 

. said the company did not 
want, stale subsidies but urojj 

by high income and caP’mnra” 5 " 

fers," Mr. Kohl said m a speech. w pay for the layoffs 

The government atody pays its competi- 

about 150 billion Deutsche marks 

(S 85 billion) a year in transfer pay- (Bloomberg, Reuters, AFX) 

meats to Eastern Germany. 

made him Britain s 
bra red entrepreneur and may 
help him win the franchise to run 
the country's national lottery- 
But each Virgin enterprise re- 
mains separate from the others- 
Mr. Branson is even considering 

world He is building his video- 
game software business, which is 
now the world's third WJ L 

But Mr. Branson said he was 
most devoted to his airline, lo 
fund its growth, in W® ■ 
his record empire, which 
as a mail-order business when he 
was a teenager, for $1 billion. 

Virain already flies to Boston, 
Los Angles. Miami. New York 
and Orlando. Service to San 
Francisco is to start in May^Mr- 
Branson said he also munded to 
serve Washington and Chicago. 

consider the creation 

Pacific, which would have a sep- 
arate siaff. 

-We want to in and stay small 
ui ihe same time as gelling nig- 
ger.” he said. . 

In Europe- Mr. Bran^n is uy- 
ina to build the carrier's name b> 
arranging franchise agisms 
with smaller airlines seeking 
marketing clout. This month, the 
Irish airline Ciiyjet began nights 
on its jets. with the Virgin name, 
between London and Dublin. 

He has filed a complaint with 
the European Commission, seek- 
in- the reallocation of landing 
slots at congested aiipom. 

"They deregulated, then let* 
ihe incumbent earners with all 
the slots at all the principal air- 
ports,” he said. ”1^ hke tans 
asked to compete at the Grami 
Prix and then being told there is 
no room at the starring gate. 

Mr. Branson Mill finds time 
for other ventures. 

He has nearly a dozen \ irgm 
Megasiores throughout Europe, 
three in Japan, and two in the 
United States. 

And, he said, if the cost of 
track is not too expensive, he 
would like to do for Bnlish pas- 
senger railroads what he has 
done for the airline business. 


MOSCOW — Russia ha' placed 
stronger controls or. e'pon earn- 
ing' to irv ic present capita from 
leaving the country. a ccntrJ bank 
official 'aid Wednesday. 

-Thi * is n*'i causing any mmcui 
lies." Yevgeny !xan«. head of the 
bark department controlling cur- 
rent foreign-exchange ..perauons. 

^h! •■Normas f.-rmuhuo for ex 
"porting -iratcgicalh important 
goods arc taking place. 

" Mr. l\ an. a 'aid the central bank 

had been wmed h* 
abiiui a flight o; capital abroad that 
has been estimated at 'cxc.ral bil 
lion dollar' a >ejr. 

The estimate is in line with a 
report Frida* in the International 
Herald Tribune quoted V*est- 
••rn bankers and businc-mcn a> 

FTSE 100 Index 

m -- *• 


1*®V S O N Ol 

1993 13® 4 




m -- 
m ■ 

3300 - -• 

31Du • 


^'aTo'n d j 

1993 I*® 4 


Close Close 

427.33 425.16 

MMHE .-jpilJ nigh. t.™. *"“> 
m( ,re ihan >1 Cm* - 

had escalate J «•' 
lion a rr.< -mr. 

The nev. -Wem in\ohe> two 
?J ns. The iir't is a "uansaction 

Zurich SBS 

'sources: Heaters. Aft' 

1 ,047.00 

1bu m uuwil Tnlwfc- 1 

which has !• 

be signed 

Kevpcie!^ and jut horired bink>. 

-On the other side, the bank is 
full-, obliged to 'CTM.* J-'the 4&nj l 
for hard-currency control in ace*./' *i:h -ur legislation. Mi. 

said. -The main thing is to 
r-nsiire that earnings irom the ex- 
n.,ri of afods under the contract 
are deported in an account at the 
authonzed bank 

Very briefly: 

• Hold’s of c i^Ts^^oru oVfer u^CT^le^^dispuies with the 

ket s £900 million I S I 

* " ..." ..ia Mmsin iintn until Feb. 14 despite its 


rt's L WJ million ui.w gj Feb . 14 despite us 

:t’» traditional backers would rem P of ^ ^Ued names. 

londav px a group .»- K . 

Revenue arid profits or 
looses, hi millions, are m 


- ntmenue 

local currsnqes unless wgcj-; 
otherwise indicated. 


Alcan Aluminum 

i m me 


Bergen Bronswis 

HN I* 

T^ Tjm 
inj3 1IJ3 

-8S-- a» 

per Share 

Champion mn 


per Shore— t* 


4tn Ottar. 
Mel loss 





2 tn 

IK s = ® S ;m«._ 

Mel Loss . 





1 WJ 


Chase WanhaHim ■ 
--- n.iu ’ UI! Wfi 

WSs= *« 

Net me.. 

Per Share— 





Per Share . 

Net me- —— 
Per Share— 




United States 

Abbott Laboratories 

«haiwr. "g 

Revenue — jSa 




_ _ h 5 

Daniels Mt^"J 

ToAOtaK. .7/S; T55JB 

«fc= % S 

Chemical Bonkins i . 
ethQoar. JJm 

BS£S™= "S'"* 

v— un an 



. 'Chrysler 
«t>Quar- lOjoa. 

SS j® 


- ?&.-= ™ 
an continental Ban* 

*’ Mr- fl fl 

perawre - im S 

Indiriw »° ,n ^ 

SKI million. 

Freddie Mac 

— ■ im an 
US^nc. atm <a 

w.3Sm*^ i® ^ 

Loon MortW Coro. 

First Chicago 

•3 € 




l** 1 

- S3& 



Revenue — 


per Shore— 



,0 aS5 


Net Inc— — 



Parker Hannifin 

SS»- "I € .. 
IgiiSUe— . lSK wS 

SS?n?I— 33.11 

Rockwell WTI Per Shore — 
an .Iff Year 

Northwest Share Off ering 
Seen as a Boon for KIM 

the board ot tsanKcn j***-* n t in ihree davs*on rumors 

. Swissair, whose shares h ^';^ <3 d j' [ ^. as nol about to disclose an 

of a partnership announcement. . 

sagas' w --“ 

d Jz AG. A decision is expected b> beb. 13- 

7bM* W PtC.-dU-^ 5,0.1* in H, dvnanucs 

• British Aerospace riA. ^ •* -difficult markeu” 

division Urn sear in reacu over five years in the 

.PepsiCo Inc said ils sales and distribution 

-3W0 Welts Fargo 

iwu enouar. 



Bloomberg Busmen Vi'" 










Johnson Controls 

wgs ,3S X 

SEE « ^ 

net excMles cnarves ol 
SBZI million- 

Morton inti 

HM 'W 

ass = js Jl ‘W 

fSas = “ 


KLM Royal Dutch Auhntt smged of a company that is 

more than 5 percent \Ve|tac^> to fjnancjjl , y more. 'table, said 

. u:_u^. w-i .n uiur 'ears Houling _ . w |,ne analyst wnh 

Deutsche Bank. -Northwest has 

:<fi p in'oMmcn; m Northwest last ^S^o'build a^Hnkt pbm Bl , 

Th- offenng ‘ensures KLM mil 

Ktrnberc. tr\. -IP 

Southern Co. 

avoided Chapter U bankruptcy. 
Their operations can now go on as 


Net me. — 
p#r Share- 

2 nd Qnar. 
Rtvanue — 
nh ine- — 

PW Shore — 
10 Hoflf 
Ravenue — 


Por share— 




Net Inc. 
per Share- 

Revenue — 

Mel Inc. — - 













im ,an 

tin, UU 
1.93 ■— 


Nel Inc. — 
Per Share 

Net Inc-. 

Union Bank 







im im 


4lh Ouar. 
Revenue — 
Net WC. — 

Per Share- 

Net UK. 

Sizr minion- 

. First Union 

SttBBSHBBK P^Share- 

MM 23400 

Per Snare — “ 





Revenue — 
Net Inc. — 
PerShore — 






Prague Gets Debt Rating 

PRAGUE - P«8te. ",^ ' s sir ong performance Prague Ms 
planning a Eurobond issue Tirb 0 ni the economic side w Iat- 

this scar, on Wednesday b«rantc ^ ^ Ktom l0 maneuver, said 
the first city in the former East *Joc Kcuss 0 f the agency s Lon- 

^STt?fco a ; don Office. 

sK-.iT. jssi ssu? sssr - -” ^ , i „:: r Kn p SriS i S 

Serint Ls finalized. five years ago. It took *$£*** debt. . c ;,_ half of this year to finance such 

their hishest level in four years 
ter^the carrier's U-S Partner. 
Northwest Airlines Corp .. M 
nouuced a public share offering. 
Northwest said T uesday it would 
.ii m miihiin shares for anout 

usual. P c 

On the Amsterdam Stock tx- 

sell 20 million shares 

$400 million this quarter The .hangs-. KLM's Mid clo^d at 
amount represents a 'take ,-r ab-jut ^ glJ1 ider'. up —'0 etukkr.. 
24.5 percent in the airline. o i m invested about S4CK) mil 

KLM invested aK-ui 

KLM Sid ii .ould «m lion ir. n™. w »^ h h e uv L ^| 

Revenua - — ■ 
,hi Doer Net — 
£55 ooer Short- 

Revenue — 
Doer Net — 
Oper Share— 


IM the offering « unanzeu. 5 100 million 

Analysts said the offermg m«ans equi ^ $?1)0 m ii|jon of North- 

KLM will own a valuable stake m a •j^ i ; T h,senecuvcly means ^^eni'J'eJonomv. - cur 

public company jh^tf worth much e^i ^ percent because the en ‘“ d invest! 

Htoh Lor« SlocK 




■ft II LtticT 

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Page l5_ 


Its Eye on China. 
HK Telecom 

A Refuse From Asia Market Mania 

■ Cl _ T Piet in liman 

Overseas Fund Managers See 

HONG KONG —Installing the 
first Chinese chief executive at 
Hongkong Telecom win help -the 
company, long closely linked to 
Britain, build ties to China, ana- 
lysis said Wednesday. • 

Such ties will help as the 1997 
handover of Hong Kong toChina 
approaches, and wiQ heap give the 

telecommunications company a 

foothold in the potentially enor- 
mous Chinese market, the analysts 

Linus Cheung. 46, a Hong Kong 
native who is currently deputy 
managing director of Cathay PaoT- 

China Plans 
Big Bond Issue 


SHANGHAI —China, bat- 
tling its worst inflation in four 
years, is pinning its hopes on a 
large new bond issue to soak 

large ut-rr uwuv y 

op excess liquidity and bring 
money supply under conhoL 

The first pan of a 100 I W- 
lion yuan (SI 1.6 billion) 1994 
state bond issue will be issued 
in the next few days, the 
Shanghai Securities News re- 
ported Wednesday. 

A highly liquid bond market 
through which the central 
bank can control money sup- 
ply is being touted as thek ct 
to reining in inflation, winch 
averaged 21.9 percent m Chi- 
na’s 35 biggest cities m No- 
vember. The central bank now 
adjusts money supply through 
administrative methods,, turn- 
ing on or choiring off bank 
credit, a practice that has led 
i to boom-bust economic cycks. 

The first 

ic Airways, win take over in May, 
replacing' Michael Gale. Mr. Gale, 1 

S3 a Briton, died of a hear t attac k 1 

on the eve of the annotmcemeoL 
the company said Wednesday. He l 
had been due to become deputy ! 
chairman of the company, a sub- j 
sidiary of the British company Ca- 
ble & Wireless PLC. I 

- The news of Mr. Gale s death 1 
shocked Hong Kong’s investment J 
community. But analysis wel- 
comed the addition of a Hong 
Kong Chinese, saying Mr. Cheung 1 
would be valuable as an outsider 1 

vrikcanawily hkexpenencenitne | 

hiebly competitive airline industry j 
to w fi eld that is just now opening to I 

l think this should J 
impr ove Hongkong Telecom’s rda- 1 
Ships with the Chmee govern- 
ment,” said Haddon Zia, analyst I 

with Jardine Hemiiig brokerage. 

“N ot that they’ve been bad m the I 

past but one would believe tlut the j 

Chinese government probably | 

^messes 1 

The move is the second mjpor 

sop in the “decdomahzanon ot 

the company. In 1990 Cable & 
Wireless sold a 20 percent stoke to 
Bening's China InternatiMal Trnst 
& Investment Corpj, 
sold a 12 percent s^toitsHong 
Kong subsidiary, C1T1C Pac^tc. 

nopoly on domestic “ 

1995, but it. will remam dw sole 
. international provider until 2006. 

The company s sbar ®P"" 
! dhnbed80Ho^Ko^t«; 

Btoombcrt Bvrinas Kr* . Japan is “the Jjjf jaid'ouSuj- 

decline tefore the next rally takes hold. lhinj£ it wiU be the 

cators point to a - 

economy. Banks are saddkd wi* 
volume of non performing debt. Top »mpa- 
Sb™ posting teaxd toss. m ° nlh 

brings another 1,000 bankruptcies. 

The bad news has made Japan s masst e 
and conservative institutional 

tsh. Yet U.S. and European instore are 

more optimistic, if not outright buIhs^ As 

S. rnrtas -ctrat f ™“ S' “SfSXS 

of 1993, they SK Japan as a refuge- 

n U economy has a gpod chana <rf 
SSarespectable recovery laier to yw 
tnuket’s as bard to turn as an od 

tanker, but it’s starting to 

Simon Jones of Prudential Portfolio Manag- 

^The Nikkei 225 stock index was upSM-* 5 
points Wednesday, or 2.83 pnremu** 
19 039 4 The ppm was largely due to opu 
ud U.S. investors. 

traders said. 



japan U 

a strong candidate. . 

-Witii the levels that hare been reached in 
otiiw San markets, the tendency « » »■“ 
Sdther switch money into Japan or to ha e 
new nwney allocated," said Bernard Kev. a 
fund manager at Pierson Asia. 

Mr Key said he had seen a 10 percent £-0 
oercent increase in money flowing into Jap* 
SSefunds from other markets since Novem- 
b?5Sd with foreign investors ^ under- 
SS'gbted in Japan, they- are new likely to 
retreat soon, he said. 

Adding to the allure of Japan, theg^ern- 
nvm, is likdv to announce a 7 trillion yen 



ThP news was briiht considering mat «ne 

ra .rV,, S over- 
done-' said Seim, K«k. a «“f* w 

that the market is npe for a • & Dkw 
F fnTNiaSrsTtd'S/he saw belter pros- 

underperform Europe, he said. 

Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

1 m - l 

IfflA jj 

1000Q jj 

m jsr-J 

m ' AS'O'N’D J 
1993 1994 

Exchange l™* 

Ho ng Kong Hs 

Sing apore SI 

Sydney ^ 

Tokyo ^ 

Straits Times 

I m 

l m ■ 

T 2200 
1 m • - 

2109 _ Pt 

3)00 M 


I 18® i'soVO J ’ 

1993 1994 


H ang Sang 

Sua te Times 
AH Ordina ries 
Nikkei 225 

Nikkei 225 

m H\L 

going — -VW 


Kuala Lumpur Composite 

T aipei ~ 
[ Jakarta^ 

Composite Stock 857.16 ~ 

Weigh ted Price 5,9iu.aa 

"Composite 3,062-28 

Stock Index B61A6 

^994 M '»"*■ 

11 .363- 70 11,017.60 +3-1^ 

2,303.30 2^80. 41 -»VOO 

"7348.20 2^i TU3 

19,039.40 18^14.55 -»2B3 
~T.081.78 1.1 IQ-22 

~T.4g9.74 1 .477 ^ -Tl7 ■ 

"887 .16 873.013 

~ 5.910.33 5,876.43 ♦0- 5 ® 

1 ,340.25 

2.915. 20 +5.05 

59 201 -0.82 

, — 9 9RfiB6 2.248.40 +0.81 

New Zealand N Z5E-40_ — TS370 — : 2^2 

Bombay l^ 25 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

Ver y briefly: 

i e£ss££‘<» ^ « p, “ raiio " “"rido™. lp. a ; 

. Mitsui SCO. boushl million. The>-H «»*■ 

“nilof iteW^hms on W C^ * ^ Umon . 

. Sony Coqt is lo in lhc Uml«l Slates, 

percent the company s monthly prouucu November 

Oman's industrial prodaclion rose a mased pen.-ent 
I from October. aff.aFX. 

Exchange Plans to 

climbed 80 Hong N ^, , ir “. 

6 3 percent, to d^e Wednesday at 
13 JO doDars(Sl-25>. 

“The market feds that they are 
«omg to be somewhat belter 
Sal to do business in China, 
said Fred Bowers, analyst at No- 

TOKYO -The Tokyo Cot- 

modity Exchange mil pn» 
ahead with plans to list erode ajl 
and nonfenous metals nro 
to three years in “ J T “ luan P t a ^ 
boost its international image and 
lure new investors, the exchange s 
chairman said Wednesday. 

The chairman, NaozoM^^ 
chi, said that “having cocroleiea 
technical studies, the 
v^oold “try to hasten a pohucal 
green tight” for the plan- 

I The exchange has been wnsd- 

' erinalisiiiigatKieofl andoup^ 

■ ucts such as naphtha for about 
- ■ — iJ, hoc Iwn unable to 

aaht years, dui u» uw. 

/Junin gfwenupeot pemussion- 

“ We plan to intensify cwr .polit- 
ical voice to year w«jg^“ 

listing of new commodin«- Mr- 

is mapping out plans Jor deregu 
la lion and so are we. 

Crode oil futures are now trad- 
ed in New York and London- 
Nonfenous futures are traded on 
several exchanges around the 
wrld, of which the most active is 
the London Metal Exchange- 
Last year, China inaugurated a 
meial^exchange in Shangb« an^ 
oil exchanges in Nanjing and 

Japan has virtually no donu»- 
lie od production and is the 
world's second-largest importer 

after the United States. Bui the 
government regulates oti imports, 
carefully controlling ihc supp l > 
and demand on grounds that it is 
a vital commodity. 

The Toyko exchange enjoyed a 
booming year in 1993, led by ac- 
tive trading 

futures. Mr. Mabuchi aid. 1« 
major contracts are rubber, pre 
dous metals, wool and cotton. U 
is Japan's largest ownnwJ'Ff 
exchange and its platinum fu- 
S^aFe the world's most active- 
Last year, by the end of Sep- 
tember." traded volume broke the 

annual record of 14.949.199 Ion, 
set in 1991. 

But Mr. Mabuchi said he was 

cull not content with current let- 
els. and hoped to double the trad- | 
ed volume this year. 

The exchange will consider 
various ways to boost hq “ ,d, £ 
and new investment, suvh a* re- 
ducing commissions and mem 


list new commodities, he said. 

Mr. Mabuchi hopes oil Tutures 
tt iil attract Japanese institutional 
investors to the futures market. 

Hiah margin requirements mid 
commission fees, as well as yen- 
denominated contracts, are major 
obstacles that have scared off ac- 
tive foreign investment m Japa- 
nese commodity exchanges. 

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Notice of Public International Bid N° 4 


MINISTRY OF finance 

^ m ^ '■■*****■ '** 

2651 3 «le Febrero sM. gS ht^kano de Detmol 

• hos recewd □ loan fewt«* 

3 . The province 

5d-d2-376A0. Argentine 


tv, 5' 1 * - VS 

"Help 1 * Which rnarkets 

’!y ? ;s ltd. 7 Swcliow 
(07 1 in UK j - or 



>rt»- further details 

Page 16 



Sampras Ekes By 
Russian Teen 

The Associated Pros 

■ MELBOURNE — Pete Sampras 
ms taken to the brink Wednesday at 
■the Australian Open by a Russian 
teenager playing in only his second 
Grand Slam tennis tournament. 

Sampras, the U.S. Open and Wim- 
bledon champion who is ranked No. J 
in the world, needed 3 hours. 20 min- 
utes to beat 19-vear-old Yevgeni Ka- 
felnikov. t>-3. 2^6. 6-3, 1-6. 9-7, and 
advance to the third round. 

Kafelnikov, a powerful, speedy 
right-hander who turned professional 
in 1992. matched Sampras ground 

suoke for flashing ground stroke 
throughout a match that had the cen- 
ter court crowd enthralled. 

- **I was just lucky to get the right 
points at the right time.” Sampras 

Jim Courier, the defending champi- 
on. recovered his rhythm and scored a 
6-1. 6-4. 6-4 victory earlier over Mar- 
cos Ondruska of South Africa. Courier 
had struggled to beat Bryan Shelton 
over five sets Monday. 

Fifth seed Goran Ivanisevic, bol- 
stered by his Croatian cheer squad, 
beat the Australian Jason Stoltenberg 
3-6. 6-3, 6-4. 6-3. 

ivan Lendl, champion in both 1989 
and 1990 but seeded 15th after a 12- 
month slump, advanced with a slick 5- 
7. 6-2. 6-2. 6-2 victory over fellow the 
American Richey Rene berg. Lendl 
ended the match emphatically — with 
three straight aces. He had 25 aces in 
all and hit 68 outright winners. 

Bui the French veteran Henri Le- 
conte had to default his second-round 
match against Martin Damm of the 
Czech Republic when he collapsed 
with heat exhaustion. He was hospital- 
ized for two hours, but the tournament 
doctor. John Fraser, said Leconte. 30. 
did not appear to be seriously ill. 

Kafelnikov, winner of the Austra- 
lian Hardcourt championship two 
weeks ago in Adelaide, was frequently 
able to outduel Sampras in long base- 
line rallies, changing the angles and 

then ripping the ball past the top- 
ranked player in the world. 

Ranked 60ih in the world, Kafelni- 
kov came within two points of beating 
Sampras in the 10th game of the Final 
set, but finally ran out of patience. 

He drove a forehand wide to give 

Sampras lhe decisive break at 8-7. and 
dug his racket into the ground several 

dug bis racket into the ground several 
times in frustration. 

Sampras clinched the victory on his 
third match point when Kafelnikov 
sent a backhand long. 

Sampras had served for the match 
two games earlier, but was brokeo at 

“It was a big scare for me. I could 
easily have lost that match," Sampras 
said. “The bottom line is that 1 won 
the last point" 

Kafelnikov, who comes from the 
Black Sea resort of Sochi, was close to 
tears after the defeat. 

"I was two points away from the 
greatest victory' of my life." he said. "It 

Magnus Guslafsson of Sweden, 
seeded 1 0th, beat New Zealander Brett 
Steven. 7-6 (7-5). 6-2. 44). 6-2. while 
No. 1 1 Marc Rosset of Switzerland, the 
Olympic champion, defeated compatri- 
ot Jakob Hlasek 6-4. 7-6 (7-4). 3-6. 6-2. 
in another second-round match. 

In women's singles, the 17-vear-oId 
American Chanda Rubin surprised 
the 12th- seeded South African Aman- 
da Coetzer. 6-1. 2-6. 6-3. but several 
others seeds advanced. 

Top-ranked Steffi Graf used her 
trademark whiplash forehand to de- 
feat the Australian Nicole Provis. 6-1. 
6-4. in just 61 minutes. 

No. 3 Conchita Martinez of Spain 
scrambled by the experienced Ameri- 
can Patty Fendick, 6-7 (4-7). 6-1. 6-4, 
while No. 7 Anke Huber of Germany 
outlasted Julie Halard of France. 7-6 
(8-6), 3-6. 6-3. 

The two-time finalist Mary Joe Fer- 
nandez, seeded sixth, struggled post Ines 
Gorrochaiegui of Argentina after trail- 
ing by 2-4 in die final set of an error- 
riddled contest She won 6-3. 2-6. 9-7. 

Gng Wood/ Agate Fnax-taK 

Henri Leconte, who fainted during the fourth set of bis match, was hospitalized for two hows because of heat exhaustion. 

Australian Open Second-Round Results 


Grant Stafford, South Africa, del. Emilio 
Sanchez. Soola 6-1. 6-Z 6-2; Joern Renzcn- 
brtnk, G«r many. def. Film DewniH, Belgium. 6- 
i. 6-4. 6-3; Paul Hoartfuls. Netherlands, del 
Jonathan Stark, United States, a-2. 6-*. 6-4; 
Jim Courier 13). United States, del. Marcos 
Ondruska. South Africa. 6-1. M 64; Daniel 
Vacate Czech Republic, del. Andrea Gate 
dencL Italy. 6-1 62, 61 

Wovne Ferreira 031. South Africa, def. Da- 
vid R Ik I. Czech Republic. 63.64. 62; NkMos 
Kultt. Swedea.drt Sandon S to He. Austral la. 6 
4 61 61; Aaron KrKksiein. United States, 
def. Tomas NytkXW. Sweden. 7-6 17-3). 61. 67 
15-71. 62; Ivon Lendl (IS), united States, del 
Richer R enebe r®. United Stales. 5-7, 6Z 62. 6 
2; Marc Reeset (III. Switzerland. def. Jakob 
Hlasek, Switzerland. 64. 7-6 174). J-& 62. 

Martin Damm. Czech ReptMlc. def. Heart 
Leconte. France. 1-6. 7-4 17-11. 64.4-2 retired; 
Stupnane Simian. France, def. Jared Palmer. 
United States, 34. 7-6 (7-3). *4.64. B-e; wo- 
mis Gustafssan (10). Swedeis def. Brett Ste- 
ven. Mew Zealand. 7-6 <7-5). 62. 66 62; Pete 
Sampras (it. United States. def. Yevgenv Ka- 
felnikov. Russia. 63. 36. 63. 14. 9-7; Brent 
Larkhatn. Australia, del. Amos Mansdarf. is- 
roeL 7-5. 74 (741. 64; Caron Ivanisevic 15); 
Croatia, def. Jason S lot lenbero. Australia. 3-a 
6-1 *4. 63. 

Caroline KuMmon. United States, del. no- 
dine Ercepavlc. Croatia. 7-5. 6e. 61; Amy 
Frazier, united Slates, del. Radka Babkova, 
Czech Recutrik. 62. 61; Elena MoAarava 
Russia. deL Rene Simpsan-Aiter. Canada 63. 
74 (74).. Kristine Radford. Australia del. 
Mark eta Kochi a. G ermany. 7-S. 62; Anke 
Huber (7). Germany, def. Julie HoJerd. 
Fronce. 74 (841.66.6-3; Chanda Rubin. Unit- 
ed States, del. Amanda Coetzer (12J, South 
Africa 61, 24. 61 

Helena Sukma IU), Czneh ReeutHlc, def. 
Vana Enaa Japan. 64, 5-7. 7-5; Ginger Hetoe- 
son. Untied States, def. KrHtle Booeeri. Neth- 
erlands. 62. 63; Mary -Joe Fernandez (6). 
Untied States, del. Ines Gorrac h ateg u l Ar- 
gentina 6-1 24. 9-7; UndSOY Dovenoort (Ml. 
United States, def WUtrud Protat. Germoav. 
61. 7-5; Sandrlne Testud. France, del Lte 
Raymond united States. 7-5. 14. 61 
Conch I lo Martinez 13). Spota dot. Patty 
Fendick. United States. 67 1671,61. 64; Kl- 
mlko Date (IB). Japan. del Meredhti 
McGrath. Untied States 64, 62; Racnt! 
rAcQuinan. Australia. def. Debbie Graham. 
United States. 62. 34. 64; Barbara Rittner. 
Germany, def. Pom Shrhrer. United Stated 6 
4.34.62; Steffi Graf 11 >, Germany, dot. NkMe 
Provis, Australia 61. 64 

Yevgeni Kafctnikov’s nerves (fid him in 


1- . -...rff: .-..ur.'-vv.. -f 

NBA Standings 

Atlantic Division 

W L 



Now York 

25 9 




20 16 




16 18 



N»w Jervrv 

IS 2D 




15 21 



. Boston 

15 23 




12 23 




Central Dhrtston 

a noma 

23 8 




24 11 



' Clwlolle 

20 16 



■ Oeweland 

17 M 




IS 18 




10 3* 




8 27 




Midwest DivU ton 

W L 




28 8 



5an Antonia 

26 12 




24 1] 




14 21 




12 23 




2 33 



Pacific Division 


28 5 




26 9 




2! 15 



Golden State 

2D 14 



LA C Uppers 

13 22 




12 23 



LA Lakers 

11 25 




LA Clippers 

23 28 




•1 28 


24— 1M 

B-12 1-221 Rebounds— Los Angeles 52 I Vauabt 
12). Miami 51 (Lana 13). Assists— Las Armeies 
21 (Jackson 9). Miami 30 (Show 12). 
Datrait 2« 21 26 28— 91 

Milwaukee 27 28 27 39—123 

0: Anderson 7-11 3-5 >7. Houston 0-15 2-2 19. 
M: Murdock 7-14 2-2 IB. Barry 7 9 3-3 71. R6 
baantfs— Detroit 36 (Anderson 1 1 ). Milwaukee 
56 (Strang 101. Assists— Detroit 26 (Thomas 

9) . Milwaukee 30 (Murdock 101. 

Boston 23 21 27 19—75 

HOUStOfl 25 10 23 17-82 

B: Pari* B-12 33 19. Brawn 616 7-7 23. H: 
Thorpe 612 3-5 19. Olaluwon M-2B 0-3 28. Re- 
boands Boston 55 (Pari* 17). Houston 52 
(Thorpe 14). Ass i s t s D ost on 24 (Brawn 6). 
Houston J) (Maxwell 81. 

Portland 26 22 II IB 6— IB* 

Denver 38 26 22 28 5-183 

P: C. RoWnsan 13-24 5432. Strlcklimd 7-189- 
92XD: Ellis 1 1-16 54 28. R. Williams 61654 19. 
RMtooMb-Forllcmd 57 (C Robinson 11), 
Denver 60 IBr. WHItams 121. Assists— Port- 
hstd 20 ISlrlcHand. Porter 61, Denver 21 
(AbOul-Rauf 7). 

Dallas 20 20 22 40— IB3 

Phoenix 28 » 20 32-1)3 

D: Rooks 9-12 34 21. Moshtaurn 620 611 20. 
P: Green 7-13 55 19. Malerle 11-18 34 27. Re- 
bounds— Dallas 52 (Smith. Jones 9). Phoenix 
53 l Miller 11). Assists— Dallas 28 (Jackson 

10) , Phoenix 34 (F. Johnson 9). 

LA Lakers 19 28 17 32— 88 

Seattle 23 26 30 25— 182 

L-A.: Smith 5 (5610 W. Van e*ei6J» 3-522 
S: Kemp6l2 2-218. Gill 61264 19. RebPun dl ■ 
Los Angews 62 idivoc 15). Seem* tt* 
(Schrempf II). Assists— Los Angeles 16 
(Smith 4). Seattle 21 (Parian V). 

Dartmouth 71 Boston U. 70 
Falrietah Dickinson 59. St. Fronds. HY 44 
Manhaftim 89. Iona 82 
Morist 108. Lana island U. 82 
Pittsburgh 77. Boston College 75 
Rider 83. AMmmautn. tU. 74 
Robert Morris 70. St. Fronds. Pa 61 
Syracuse 9Z SI. John's 87 
Wagner 71 Mount SI. Mary's. Md. 72 

Flarido 59. Kentucky 57 
Virginia Tech 81. Liberty 65 

DePaul 78. Masoctiusetts 76 
N. Iowa ICC. Chicago St. 80 
Purdue 83. Indiana 76. OT 

Texas Tech 80. Southern Meta. 73 
Idaho SI. 71. 5. Utah 69 
51. Morris. CoL 87. Socromenta St. 67 

a*. iZki 

Major Collge Scores 

M: Rice IT-24 5532. Setkolv 11-166728. LA.: 
Harper 7-1973 21. Jackson IM961 24. Aguirre 


Bucknell at Artnv. pod. weather 
Con HI us 87. Cornell 57 
Colgate ill. Holy Crass 90 

American League 

BALTIMORE— Agreed to terms with Greg 
Zaun, catcher; and Leo Gamez. 3d baseman ; 
Rick Krlvdo. Pilcher; and Jim Wawruck, out- 
fielder. an l-vem contracts. 

BOSTON— Mark Meteskl. manager; Jim 
aidbr. pitching coach; and Joe Morchese. 
coach, will return la Lynchburg. CL Agreed ta 
(arms with Tim Naetirlng. Infielder, on 1 -year 

CALIFORNIA— Whlley Herzog, general 
manager, resigned. Named Bill Bavasl gener- 
al manager. A g r e e d to terms wllti Craig Let- 
ferts. pitcher, on I -rear contract and with Bab 
Patterson, Pitcher, on minor-league contract. 

CHICAGO WHITE SOX— Named Roly Dear- 
mas Out toon coach. Invited Darrin Jackson. 
Joe Hall. Billy Joe Hobert, Oann Howifl and 

Greg Tubbs. outheWers; Scott Christman, 
arts Bushing. Demh Cook. Brian Givens and 
Wally Ritchie. Pilchers: and Clemente Alvarez 
and Roberta Mocnada catchers, to spring 
traMneas non-raster players. Agreed ro tarms 
with Scoti Redmskv. pitcher. Joey Cora 2d 
baseman; Pov Durham. SI baseman; Bran- 
don Wltsoa snarl si oo ; and Allen Battle, out- 
Heider. an 1-vear contracts. 

CLEVELAND— Agreed to terms with Joel 
Skinner, catcher, an mi no r le ague contract 
and Invited Win la soring training as nan- 
roster plover. 

KANSAS CITY— Agreed la lerms with Da- 
vid Howard, infleiaer, an 1-vear contract. 

MILWAUKEE— Agreed la terms with Bab 
Scanlon aid Jaime Navarra Pilchers, an 1* 
year contract. Acquired Jett Brankev. Pftch- 
er. tram Texas lor David Pike, pitcher. 

MINNESOTA— Agreed la lerms with Jim 
Desholes. Pilcher, an l-year contract. 

N.Y. YANKEES— A^aad hi terms wtlti Daryl 
Boston, ovtlletder. on mlnor-ieoNJO contract. 

and with Randy VctanM. hi Haider, Jim Lrvrttz. 

Infletder-culcher, and Xavier llernond a and 
Dorm Pall, Pitcher*. an 1-vear c on tracts. 

SEATTLE— Signed Luis Soto. In Beider, to 
mmor-teogue contract. Named Jerry Royster 
CDOCh tor Jacksonville. SL 

TEXAS— Agreed la terms wim Crt» Car- 
penter. pitcher, an 1 -year contract. 

TORONTO— Agreed to terms with Todd 
Slamemyre and Paul Spoliarlc. pitchers. 

to terms with Jose Bautista, pitcher, ond Jose 
Vizcaino. tafMder. on I-year contracts. 

CINCINNATI— Agreed to terms with RJ. 
Reynolds, outfielder, an minor-toogue con- 
tract and Invited Mm la Spring training as 
nan-raster piarer. Agreed to terms fifth HOI 
Morris 1st baseman, and Erik Hcmson and 
Chuck MeElray.pitcheri.on 1-yearcon tracts. 

FLO R i DA— Stoned Luis Aaufcto. Pitcher, to 
minor -Hague contract md Invited him to 
spring training as non-roster Player. 

LOS ANGELES— Signed Rady Seanei. 
pitcher, to minor -league contract mid Invited 
Mm to spring I raining. 

N.Y. METS— invited Fernando Vina and 
Pablo Martinez, toftokJers, la spring training 
as nui nu stsr plovers. Agreed to terms with 
Tracy Sanoer^autflpider, ono 1-ve ar corfliucL 

NHL StancNngs 

AttahHC Dfvlsloe 


Indie vs. Sri Lonko, Second Day 
wedaesdar. In LucSonaw. India 
India 1st Innings: 511 all out 
AustraBa vs. New Zeetaad 
Wednesday, In Melbourne 
Australia: 2173 (50 overs) 

New Zealand: 16e (47.5 overs) 
Australia wan by 51 runs. 

ttattoeal Leaser 

ATLANTA— Stoned Tyler Houston and Joe 
Avrauil. colchers. and Brian Bark, pitcher, ro 
mlnor-feoguc conlroas. Agreed hi terms wilh 
Dave GoUogher. outfielder, and Mitt Hill, Mi- 
chael Potts. Mike Stanton and Matt Murray, 
pitchers, on 1 -year contracts. 

CHICAGO CUBS— Agreed to lerms with 
Chuck Crlm. Blit Bremton and Tarry Brass, 
Pilchers, and Erie Y riding. tofleider. on mi- 
nor league contracts end invited them la 
spring framing as nomrastcr plovers. Agreed 

Third Round 
Luton l, Southend 0 

Third Round Rectors 
Bom L stoke 4 
Carlisle a Sunderland I 
Ipswich Z Swindon 1 
Port Vale 1. Southampton 0 

Taranto • 27 14 8 82 166 135 

Detroit • 26 M -. * S6 2*3 150 

Donas 24 18 7 55 171 156 

St. Louis • 2J 17 4 32 144 147 

Chicago 21 19 5 47 134 131 

Winnipeg 17 26 5 39 148 188 

Pacific Division 

Cnlgorv 23 17 ' 7 33 176 148 

Vancouver 22 21 1 45 149 146 

Las Angeles 18 23 4 « 170 180 

San joe IS 21 10 40 123 145 

Anaheim 18 27 3 39 134 ISO 

Edmonton 13 28 6 32 US 172 

St. Leals 8 1 8-1 

N.Y. Hoopers . 3 I 8—8 

First period: N.Y.-Karaovtsev 2 (Larmer, 
Messier); fLY^NemcMnov 14 tAnxxde); 
N.Y.-Lowe 5 (Nemchloov}. Second Period: 







you CAN POT 

Aujay the 

Baseball Teams Get 

No Commissio ner 

Compiled br Our Staff From Dtip<adiB 

da - — The owners of major league 
baseball's reams, having finally apr 
proved a long-sought revenue-shar- 
ing plan: appealed set to end their 
three-day meeting Wednesday still 
nnahir? to elect a new conumssiofl- 
tt. ’• . 

...A jwal sessioh of the search 
committee and executive council 
adjourned at 2:30 A.M. and two 
people familiar with the groups 
delib erations said no change would 
be nmde in the current arrange- 
ment during the meeting that re- 
sumed a blue more than -six hours 

Even if (he search conimitiee 
a recommendaiioo. most 
dubs would have only a few hours 
to consider the candidate. 

- Finalists for tbejob, vacant since 
Fay Vincent’s forced departure 16 
-months ago, are the U.S- Olympic 
-Committee's executive director, 
Harvey Schiller, and Northwestern 
University’s president, Arnold We- 
ber. ’ 

The executive counaTs chair- 
man. Bud Sdig, gave no indication 
that he thought a decision was near. 

“We just agreed bo a revenue- 
‘ sharing plan, and you’re already 
asking about a commisrioner," Se- 
lig scolded a reporter. . 

Details of the pjan were not dis- 
closed. Teams in larger markets, 
such as New York, are expected to 
share some of their profits with 
teams from smaller markets, such 
as Pittsburgh. ; . 

Following hours of discussion, 
die owners' applause could be 
heard bdiind closed doors when 
the unanimous vote was complet- 
ed. Revenue-sharing proposals fell 
three votes riiort of an agreement 

when owners met in August and 

one vote short on Jan. 6. 

The revenue-sharing agreement 
passed on a 28-to-O vote but WU 
nottnke effect unless the pUya^ 
union agrees to a salary cap. which 

?t ffiK5HD cnt C»ver the issue 
could lead to a players strike, most 
likely late in the season. 

Elsewhere on the salary from. 
Jack McDowell, who led the Amer- 
ican League in victories last season, 
and Juan Gonzalez, who led the 
league in borne runs, submitted .re- 
cord-breaking salaiy arbitration 
numbers Tuesday. The Chicago 
White Sox, for whom McDowell 
won 22 games, also joined the re- 

On the day 80 players who rued 

for arbitration exchanged salan- 
figures with their clubs. McDowell 
was seeking $6.5 million next sea- 
son. Last year, he won a 54 million 
salary in an arbitration hearing. 

David Cone of Kansas City is 

the highest-paid pitcher in lhe ma- 
jors, averaging $6 million a year on 

a three-year contract. The previous 
high salary submitted for arbitra- 
tion was Cedi Fielder's S5.4 mil- 
lion two years ago. Ron Gant of 
Atlanta also surpassed Fielder with 
a $6 million bid Tuesday. 

At the same time, the White Sox 
submitted an offer of $5 3 mflBon 
for McDowell eclipsing the previ- 
ous high figure submitted by a dub. 

the $4.25 million the Texas Rang- 
ers exchanged with Rafael Pal- 
meiro last year. The Braves topped 
that figure, too, with 552. milli on 
for GanL 

Gonzalez, coming off a 46-home 
run season and a $525,000 salary, 
sought $4.9 million from the Rang- 
ers for 1994. Those figures compute 
to aS4.375.000 raise. weD above the 
$3.65 million increase Fidder tried 

for in 1992 before settling for a 
$2,75 miDion raise. John QLerud of 
Toronto, seeking to go from 
$1562^00 to $4.8 ndllion. submit- 
ted lhe third-highest raise request 
with a boost of $3,237,500. 

The Montreal Expos hare the 
largest contingent in arbitration. A 
total of $4_25 million separates 
them from the eight players with 
whom they exchanged figures. But 
the Kansas Gty Royals have a larg- 
er difference with their-seven play- 
era. $5,105,000. 

. Two clubs, the Cincinnati Keds 
and the Expos, submitted salary 



T Pis OF BA 

NY Rangers 




63 US 115 

New Jenev 




54.157 121 





49 165 168 




44 144137 




44 120 120 

NY Islanders 



39 153 H2 

Tamm Bay 




39 123 144 

wortkeasl DWtston 





54 144 160 





61 144 130 





48 149 137 





46 ISO 125 




41 IK 164 




' 3 

37 141 162 





23 129 233 

Central Dtvtstoa ■ 

W L T Pt> GF GA 

I' 82 166 125 
« 56 283 ISO 
7 55 171 156 

4 52 144 147 

5 47 134 * 131 
5 39 148 188 

SL-Qaae 1 ' (Shoaahon. Jaunty); N.Y.- 
Gartner21 (Zobov, Araonto). 5t»t* on goof: 
SJ_ (an RtaMeiT 12-6-8—26. N.Y. (an Jaeerii) 
13-12-13— 3E ... _ 

Aaritalm ■'• 3 8 6-3 

reraato » * I W 

Seaoad Period: A-Valk 9 (Cortcum); A- 
Larwy 7 (Van Allen.5acc»}; Akxinvy 8 (Cam- - 
back. Yoke); T-Ellrtt 5 (Antfreyrix*. Bars- 
Oteweky); (op).. T-AndrevChuk 38 (ElMTt. 
Gtlmawr). TUrd Period: T-MJronov 5 
( Eastwood). SBot* on gaair A (on Polwin) Id- 
1663— 58. T («i Heberf) 74-146^32. 
Pitfsbargh 1 ? .1-3 

Quebec 12 4-4 

First period: P-Stawens 27 (Frandk Mul- 
len); (eaL Second (tariodiP-Jagr ll (McSar- 
ley. Marahy); Ux>). G4=lnn 3 tYouna, Ko- 
menNcy >;0-Youngl4.TMr8 Peribd: 4H=mer 
12 (SurxSa Kamensky); G- Kovalenko T3 (5a- 
Uc. Finn) r P^rencb (6 Uagr.McSariev); O- 
Safcta 18 (Young. KarM)i (pP). O-Komensky 
16 <Froger,Sundn> Jkgteabgggl: P (on Ftort) 
1 0 85 . 2 3. O (aa Wraggetr 8-18-13-31. 
Edmantoa 2 8 18-8 

Ottmea . . 8 I X-' 1-4 

First Period: c -P e oraon 18 (Otausaen. 
WelN» t >; (PR). E-Pearson n (Weight, 

Boris); (Pt>). Second Farled: -O-Oatato 14. 
TWrt Period: ODatoto 15 (Levins) ; O-Vlal 1 
(YaNdn); E-wetoM l« iBvaWn, Pearson). 
Overtime: o-Turgean 5 (YasMn, Davydov). 
Stats an goal: E (an Modalev) 10-104-1-07.0 
(an Rantoaj) u-7-6-1— OS, . . 

Lee An ge les . 0 1 3—3 

Dados -3 4 3-5. 

First Period: D-Tinorti a IN. Braten, Le- 
dyard); D-Ledvard 6 (Dablen. Courtnall); 
lop). D-Evn«M.B.(Klatl). Second Period: 
LJLCmdw 9 (Watters}. Third Paled: 
LA. -Biota; 11 (Gretzkv): D-Kkrtt 9 (Hatcher, 
Craig): (pa). LJL-Robttoflie 25 (Gmtztcv. 
Kurri) ; (op). EHMcPtiee 13 (N.Braten,Court- 
nalll. Station goal: i_A. loaMoog) 7-144— 3a 
D (an Krutoy)- 10-7-10-27. 

cuts for players. The Rods want lo 
reduce Rob Dibble’s salary from 

SL5 million to $23 million after a 
season of ineffective pitching and 

injuries. The Expos sought a 
SoDO.OOO salary for Randy Milli- 
gan. who earned $635,000 last sea- 
son. Dibble submitted $2.7 million 
and Milligan .$1 million. 

. Three dubs offered no raise for 
players: Philadelphia $1 million for 
Ricky Jordan. San Francisco 
$900,000 for Trevor Wilson and 
Boston $235,000 for Jose Melen- 
dez. • ••■ -■ 

Fifty-nine players submitted sal- 
aries of $1 million or more. That is 
74 percent of the players, compared 
with a record 76 percent last year. 
Gabs submitted $1 million or more 
for 50 players. • (AP.NYT) 

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Page 17 








Pat on Hold 

Its Greatest Season at Hand , Figure Skating Is Under Strain 

Complied tg> Gw Sv$ Pam Dhpmdta 
LONDON — Terry Yajabtes’s 
hopes of becoming the new manag- 
er of England’s socoa 1 team were 
dealt a wow Wednesday when the 
Football Association announced 
that it will not be naming a new 
manager this week.- 
Persistent allegations concerning 
Venables's financial affairs have 
split the FA’s five-man search com- 
mittee, according toreportsin sev- 
eral British newspapers. 

“There wzBl be no appointment 
this week,” said Bert Mtffichip, 
chairman of the -FA. “Inves tigB- 
tioos are continuing, although 
nothing has arisen to my knowl- 
edge that prevents Tccry Venables 
being our first choice." 

“We are still making up- onr 
; tamds,” MflBchip said. “Some are 
: more affected by the pto-Tenylob- 
• by than others.” 

The announcement reversed 
plans to have Graham Taylor’s suc- 
! cesser installed before Saturday’s 
draw for the European Champion- 
ships qualifying round. 

Mfilichip had said Sunday he 

■ hoped to have Venables, the forms 
•; Tottenham and Barcetona manag- 
[ er, confirmed for the England post 

in time for the draw, which takes 
place in Manchester. 

As host nation for the 1996 Eu- 
' ropean Championships, England 
' will not have to go through the 
qualifying round. Still, MHBchro 
was hoping to have Venables 
; san at the draw as a “marve 
, publicity stum.” 

But the FA now appears to be 
' waiting for a report from a Premier 
1 League inquiry board. It is looking 
. into alleged financial insularities 
; at Tottenham during the period 
when Venables was chief executives 
and is not expected to finish its 

■ work for at least another week. 

ter England bailed to reach the 
j World Cup finals for the fust time 
since 1978. 

In Bonn, German sooett officials 
said that, because of wido-spread 
, fears of neo-Nazi violence*, a 
friendly match between their na- 
: anna] team mid England’s would 

; not be played April 20 in Hamburg. 1 

April 20 is the anniversary of 
: Adolf Hitler birthday. ’ 

The German federation, foDriw- 

■ tng ‘intensive talks" with security 
officials and English .FA represen- 
tatives. said that “we have decided 
tofoOow theadvfceof iheHambi^ 
council about security and the match 
will not take place in Hamburg." 

A DFB spokesman saidachdecL 
sion had been made oo whether the 
match wouW take place m Gertna- 
, ny, but that German officials 
hoped to. stick to the date arranged. 

The DFB said that irand the FA 
would hold further talks about the 
match next weekend when officials 
. meet at the European Champion- 
ships draw in Manchester. • •• - 
(AP, Reuters) 

By Jan Thomsen 

lMentatioaal Herald Tribune 

COPENHAGEN — In most of the arena it is 10 
raws of seats, jnst 10 long steps, from the most 
distant seat down to the ice where the Europeans 
are deciding their figure skating championships 
this week. They fall and you can hear them thump. 
They are closer than you might have imagined. 

Imagine something grander and more intimi- 
dating; Six former Olympic champions making 
their comebacks here, each more accomplished 
than. Nancy Kerrigan and Tonya Harding put 
together; and therefore more- at risk, you would 
dank. Bat then you find that the arena sits cm a 
high school campus, and hot even the women's 
final program bn Sunday afternoon ts sold out 
A few of us.were string in the end zone Tuesday 
where, if we’d been talking a bit more loudly, we 
might have earned a glare from Jayne Torvifi and 
Christopher Dean during their warmup. A friend 
whispered something about this not bong a sport 
at all and then from behind a comment was made 
about Torvill and Dean’s clothing. “They’re wear- 
’ ing different costumes tins afternoon, yes.” an 
omen declared, “and her hair’s nicer as weU.” 

I wrote this down because it seemed important. 
TorviBand Dean, the 1984 Olympic ice dancing 

German Officials 


champions of Britain, had Studied third in (heir 
opening compulsory that morning. It was the first 
tone they had finished out of first in the com pul- 
son es in 14 years, and no one could explain why. 
They appeared to be perfect. When they came 
gliding past our seats it seemed like the kind of 
perfection achieved by Madame Tussaud’s. their 
posed smiles unmoving, but they were smooth and 
steadier than any machine s haring four thin 
blades ought to be. They came to a posed stop and 
then it was as if they became human again, loosen- 
ing themselves and pacing. 

At that moment the judges lost a D interest in 
them. Sitting behind signs that read “Canon” (the 
cameras) and “Baileys” (the Irish Cream) and 
“Citizen Watches,” they decided that Torvill and 
Dean would finish the compulsory round (worth 
20 percent of their total score) no better than tied 
for second with one Russian couple and trailing 
another, the world champions Maya Usova and 
Alexander Zhulin. 

In the overall scheme of things, these champion- 
ships are a blemish compared to whatever will 
happen at Ulkharamer next month. Torvill and 
Dean and others like them came out of tbrir 
fesxkmal retirement in order to skate in the 
sics. It is difficult to say whether a lasting 

order will be established by this event. The great 
performers are building toward ibe Olympics but 
they are also trying to establish a pre-eminence. 
This sport, to give it its credence, is so popular for 
its visual and emotional impact, and yet so much 
of it is decided out of view, in the way a piece of 
music strikes one person and not another, in the 
way a performer relates to the handful of people 
who sustain a career, in the way Tonya Harding 
might have — who knows? — offhandedly men- 
tioned to her former husband that she wished 
Nancy Kerngan was out of her hair. 

This was supposed io be the greatest season for 
this sport The professionals were brought back in 
the spirit of the U.S. “Dream Team" in basketball, 
the senior golf tours and aQ the American marke- 
teers who have convinced us that two generations 
are enough to provide rock, 'n' roll with songs that 
are “classics." Such glamorous potential has put 
(he sport under tremendous strain. 

All the other games invoke arguments over the 
superiority of performers from different eras, and 
no one dares resolve them. Katerina Witt arrived 
here this week from her era of artistry, which she 
last celebrated just six yens ago. She is only 28. an 
age an athlete peaks. But the judges, whom we 
nardv hear speak, now are of a mind to reward 

athletic ability. This week, with her place in 1 Hie, 
hammer at siale. they are being asked to decide 
something like u hethef the I9ti0s Green Bay Pack- 
ers are better than the 1993 Dallas Cowboys. If 
Win skates her free program Sunday as well as she 
ever did, how will the judges account Tor her? If 
she fails at her best, then what was her downfall? 

What happened to Nancy Kerrigan earlier this 
month can either add significance to her spon, or 
it will make the show appear all the more ridicu- 
lous. in any case, you would think it was like a 
HoUywwdprodiiL'iion even' time, when in fact it 
is contested in humbling arenas like this one, often 
in front of a few hundred like those this afternoon 
to see the comeback of the Ukrainian. Viktor 
Petrenko, the 1992 Olympic and world champion 
who retired briefly and returned to skate his 
technical program Wednesday. 

He leapt as if his feet were always touching 
something smooth, never hobbling, raising then 
lowering him in a swirl back to the ice, his arms 
extended. The wind rippling his outfit attached 
bravery u> clothing that might have appeared 
effeminate a few moments earlier. By the end he 
was hopping in the center of ibe rink, punching 
the air and Dowling. The muse had stopped for 

some lime, but his performance was continuing. 
Only the last, best bit was not choreographed. 

■ Petrenko Gets Two 6.0s 

Petrenko took the lead in the men’s event with 
two perfect 6.0s for presentation with a routine to 
Bizet's "Carmen" that earned him first place from 
all nine judges. The .Associated Press reported. 

The original program is worth one-third of the 
score; the final free program, worth two- thirds of 
the total mark, is set for Thursday evening. 

France's Eric Millot was second followed by 
two more Ukrainian skaters, Vjachscbeslav 2a- 
gorodniuk and the 1993 European champion. 
Dmitri Dmitrenko. 

Feurenko. using the same music and program as 
at the Olympics two years ago in Albertville, hit a 
triple axel-triple toe loop, the roost difficult jump 
combination. He received marks of 5.8 and 5.9 for 
required elements. He had the two 6.0s. and six 

Millot. third last year, spiced his routine with 
lively step work to die Hungarian rhapsody. 

Zagorodniufc was a bronze medalist in the Euro- 
pean championships in 1990 and 1991 for the 
Soviet Union but lost his spot last year. Ukraine 
became separate, Dmitrenko got the only spot 
available, and won the European tide. 

Files on Athletes 


BONN — All German competitors at next 
month's Winter Olympics in LiUebammer wiD be 
screened to see if they spied for the Stasi security 
police of the former East Germany, sports offi- 
cials said Wednesday. 

Officials of the National Olympic Committee 
said they had readied ah agreement with the 
agency in charge of Stasi files — the Ganck office 
—to speed up checks on competitors in the days 
left before the Olympics start Feb: 12 

Tbe Olympic officials woukl like to avead the 
embarrassment of the previous Games, in Albert- 
ville, France, where a bobsled driver. Harald 
Gsudaj, admitted to having informed on team- 
mates for the Stasi. 

Another German bobsledder, 1984 Olympic 
champion W olfgang Hoppe, has been dismissed 
from tte military after refusing to talk about his 
Stasi contacts. Both Czudaj and Hoppe are ex- 
pected to compete in Lillehammer. 

“All the athletes from the forma- East and 
West have been asked to apply for information 
about thou from the Gaude files through their 
federations." said an Olympic committee spokes- 
man, Manfred Seeger. . 

“The Ganck office has agreed to speed up the 
process and has agreed to be ready to react within 
24 hours with documents if something happens m 
lillehammer, so that the matter can be cleared up 
quickly," Seeger said. 

Stasi informers were generally assumed to be 
on every that traveled abroad for East 
Germany before it. disappeared in 1990 with 
'unification. While many former East German 
athletes and sports officials have complained that 
western Germans are overiy preocaqried with the 
issue of Stasi cooperation, several top athletes 
have admitted that they spied an teammates. 

Seeger said sports officials were only interested 
in cases where athletes had passed on informa- 
tion that had been harmful to. other competitors. 

' “I think, we underestimated the problem" in 

Albcrtvflte* be said. 

Athletes from (be W est are also being dtedkedj 
but Seeger said that “is a solidarity tiring. We 
cannot imagine - that a top-class athlete from the 
West worked fortbe organization." (Reuters, AP) 

Harding’s Ex-Husband 
Is Charged in Attack 

tart Lmpeo. Rranot 

Viktor Petrenko of Ukraine was perfectly happy with the men's lead in Copenhagen. 

* The Associated Preu 

PORTLAND. Oregon — Figure 
skater Tonya Harding's forma 
husband, Jeff Gillooly. was 
charged Wednesday with conspir- 
ing to injure Haruing’s Olympic 
rival. Nancy Kerrigan, while an af- 
fidavit released by local law en- 
forcement officials contained testi- 
mony licking Harding to the 
alleged plot for the first time. 

Harding has not been charged 
and has denied any involvement, 
Gillooly. who despite their di- 
vorce is August was living with 
Harding at the time of the Jan. 6 
attack on Kerrigan in Detroit, faces 
the same conspiracy charge under 
which Harding's bodyguard and 
two other men have been arrested. 

Gillooly. who has denied in- 
volvement, surrendered at the FBI 
office io Portland shortly after the 
warrant was issued. 

Harding's lawyer. Robert C. 
Weaver, had no comment on the 
arrest but said. “Until the investi- 
gation into the assault on Nancy 
Kerrigan is completed. Tonya Har- 
ding will grant no interviews and 
make no statements." 

The affidavit said Kerrigan was 
ddiberatly hit on the right leg be- 
cause it was her leg on which she 
landed after jumps. 

Gillooly was named in a warrant 
issued Tuesday by Circuit Judge 
Donald bonder and unsealed 
Wednesday. The announcement 
come hours after a daylong meeting 
between Harding and authorities 
An affidavit from a Multnomah 
County deputy sheriff, James 
McNelly, released with the arrest 
warrant, said Harding's bodyguard 
had signed a confession admitting 
his role in the attack. 

According to the affidavit, Shawn 
Eric Eckardt said Gillooly told him 
that Harding made two telephone 
calls to an arena in the Boston area 
in an attempt to determine Kerri- 
gan’s practice schedule. Ecfcardt’s 
affidavit said the alleged assailant. 
Shane Minoaka Stank stalked Ker- 
rigan in Boston before attacking her 
at the U-S. national championships. 

“Eckardt also said Gillooly told 
him that Harding was concerned 
about having made these phone 
calls and had stated that in the 
event she was ever questioned 
about them, she would say she had 
made those calls in an effort to get 
Kerrigan to sign a poster for a fan 
of Harding’s," the affidavit said. 

The night Harding returned 
home. Eckardt and Giuooly spent 
several hours making up an alibi 
the affidavit said. 

"They were concerned that they 
had left both a paper trail, in terms 
of wiring, money and telephone 
calls, ana had to come up with an 
alibi." it said. 

According to the affidavik Gil- 
looly suggested they say that Der- 
rick Smith, one of those charged, 
and Eckardt were starting a securi- 
ty service for ice skaters, and that 
was why Smith was in Detroit. 

Harcfing divorced Gillooly in 
August, resumed living with him in 
September, but said Tuesday that 
they were separating again. The 
charge against Gillooly further 
complicates her skater’s "efforts to 
remain on the U.S. Olympic team. 

U.S. officials have said Harding 
will be removed from the team ir 
she is implicated in the attack. 

The affidavit also says Gillooly s 
bank records show fie withdrew 
$9 ,ih«J ir. tiiree separate transac- 

tions between Dec. 27 and Jan. 6, 
and details wire transfers Eckardt 
made to Smith, the fourth man 
charged in the attack. 

The affidavit says that Scant 
traveled to the Boston area, where 
Kemgan lives, on Dec. 29 and 
stayed until Jan. 3. It says tele- 
phone records show Slant placed a 
call Jan. 1 from his hotel room to 
the rink where Kerrigan conducts 
her practice sessions. 

On Jan. 12, Smith confessed to 
FBI agent* in Phoenix, the affidavit 
said. Smith said Siam was unable 
to carrv out the attack in Boston, so 
he went to Detroit a week before 
the national championships. Smith 
said Slant assaulted Kemgan fol- 
lowing a practice session. 

Smith admitted driving the get- 
away car after being paid S2.000 by 
Eckardt for the job. 

The decision to hit Kerrigan in 
the right knee was reached during 
planning meetings in Oregon be- 
cause "as it was explained to Siam 
by Gillooly. this was Kerrigan’s 
landing leg" and that by injuring ik 
she would be unable to compete," 
the affidavit said. 

Harding spoke with the FBI and 
local prosecutors for more than 10 
hours Tuesday and reportedly de- 
nied any involvement in the attack. 
About "eight hours into the inter- 
view she released a statement an- 
nouncing that she and Gillooly 
were separating. 

“I am iruiccenk and 1 continue 
to believe that Jeff is innocent of 
any wrongdoing,” the statement 
said. "1 wish him nothing but the 
besL but I believe during this cru- 
cial time of preparation for the 
Olympics that 1 must concentrate 
my attention on my training." 

Kentucky, Massachusetts 
And Indiana Are Beaten 


The Associated Press 

They' could start calling it follow 
the leader. 

A night after Kansas became the 
latest No. I -ranked teamin college 
basketball to he beaten, so was ev- 
ery top-10 team in action. 

No. 7 Kentucky fdl, 59-57, to 
Florida after Craig Brown made 
two free throws with 7.6 seconds, 
left in the Southeastern Conference 
game in Gainesville, Florida. 

Kentucky’s Travis Ford, fouled 
seconds later, made the first free 
throw and intro Penally missed the 
second. The ‘Wildcats’ Walter 


McCarty grabbed the ball and bad 
a chan ce to send the game into 
overtime, but missed, a 10-foot 
jumper as time expired. • 

Kentucky (13-3, 3-2) led by. 47- 
40 with under six minutes left, but 
Florida 04-2, 44)) went on a 15-4 
run to take a 55-51 lead with less 
than a mmuis IO go. 

Fold’s 3-pointer by with iM sec- 
onds left not Florida's lead to 57- 
56. setting op Brown’s only foul, 
shots cJ the game. . 

“It means a lot beca u se a 
team tike Kentucky has a great tra- 
dition,” Brown saw. 1 *. 

Florida, off to ira best start amce 

1941 , Jed ty 24-21 at halftime as 
boih teams struggled, on offense. 

Derm m, rw. 


whiter with 24 sec aafe bft'Jrf 

tan K3eirJsdunklt scored 

j paints in the second half ® Rose- 

mont. fibnots. to bdp end the Min- 
utexnen’s 10-game winning streak. 

Parks’s jumper put DePanl (11- 
3) ahead by 76-73 and Klonscb- 
midt’s two free throws JO seconds 
' later made it a five-point lead. 

Lou Roe then got a three-point 
play for Massachusetts (13-21 and 
when DePaul's Brandon Cole 
missed two free throws with two 
"seconds lefk the Mmuleroen got a 
last shot But Ron's jumper went 
hard off the run at tire buzzer. 

Kleinschmidt hit three second- 
half 3-pointers for the Blue De- 
mons, who trailed by seven with 
7:20 to go. 

. Na 12 fanhre 83. Nu 8 Indiana 
76, OT: Glenn Robinson scored 
nine of his 33 points in overtime as 
the Boflennakers <35-1. 3-1 Big 
Ten) won at borne'. Indiana (10-3, 
3-1) did not score for the first four 
minutes of the extra period and 
Purdues last 11 points were from 
the free throw litre. 

Cucmzo Martin, wbo-got a sea- 
son-high 23 points for the Boiler- 
makers, sent the game into over- 
time with a free throw with 2fr 
seconds left in regulation. Alan 
Henderson's 24 points topped the 
Hoosicrs, who had won 20-of their 
last 21 conference games. 

Na 16 Syracuse 92, St John’s 
Kb The Orangemen ( 1 1-2, 4-2 Big 

26 of 27 free throws, go^g-fOT-8 

in tire final 63 seconds. The loss 
was the fifth straight for the visiting 
Rcdroeo (7-7. 1-5); their longest 
- losing streak awe 19624S3. Law- 
rence Moten topped Syracuse with 
31 points, while St- John’s was led 
. by Shawndle Scott with 17, 

Justitia, Yamaha Leading Whitbread 

SOUTHAMPTON, England (AP) — The European yacht lmnizn 
Justitia and Che Japanese-New Zealand entry Yamaha were in a dead beat 
Wednesday on the third teg of the Whitbread ’Round the World Race as 
the American boat Winston fell back to sixth. 

Intram Justitia and Yamaha, both Whitbread 60s, were reported to be 
640 n piiti ral miles from the finish as they raced across the Tasman Sea 
toward Auckland, New Zealand. The leader in the Maxi class, New 
Zealand Endeavor, was third overall, nine miles back. 

Three Whitbread 60s followed. The Japanese-New Zealand yacht 
Tokio was 12 miles off the lead, 10 miles ahead of Spam’s Galicia 93 
Pescanova, with Winston 25 miles adrift of the leaders. . 

CBS Gets Rights to Nagano Olympics 

NEW YORK (AP) —CBS Sports, which last month lost its part of the 
NFL contract to the Fox television network, has won exclusive U.S. 
television rights to the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan, the 
network announced Wednesday. 

CBS and the IOC said the rights fee was $375 million, a Winter 
Olympics record. 

Richard Pound of Canada, an IOC vice president, said the IOC had 
preliminary talks with NBC, ABC and Fox, but that all three dropped out 
of the process before there actually was a bid. 

China’s Ma: Is He Resigning, or Not? 

BELTING (AP) — 1 Ma Junreru the innovative but hot-tempered track 
coach Whose women runners broke three world records last year, has 
oven sports authorities until Feb. 6 to come up with promised funds for 
his t eam, .halt alleged public slanders about him and allow his team to get 
on with training m peace or he will resign, the Beijing Evening News 
reported Wednesday. 

Bat Shanghai’s Xiomin Evening News quoted sports authorities as 
saying M[a had decided to stay on. 

Ma has not been available for interviews. Sports officials in northeast 
China’ s Liaoning province, where his team is based, said by telephone 
that he had gone to his hometown. They refused to say where that was. 

For the Record 

Dr. Jamie Astaphas, who has admitted giving banned steroids to 
Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson, pleaded not guilty m Buffalo, New York, 
to three charges of distributing steroids and four charges of smuggling 
steroids. (AP) 

Lee Rot Caffey, 52, a linebacker on two of ibr Green Bay Packers' 
Super Bowl champions and the 1972 champion Dallas Cowboys, died of 
colon cancer in ftoustotu 

Cowboys Must Control the 49ers 9 Passing 

By Frank Litsky 

,Vw York Time Seri- ice 

IRVING. Texas — If the Dallas 
Cowboys are to beat the San Fran- 
cisco 49ers on Sunday for the Na- 
tional Conference championship 
and a Super Bowl berth — and the 
Cowboys are favored — they muse 
control the 49ers' passing game. 

And that means putting the reins 
on Jerry Rice, perhaps the best re- 
ceiver in National Football League 
history; John Taylor, perhaps the 
most "underrated wide receiver in 
pro football: Steve Young, perhaps 
the best quarterback going; a wise, 
veteran offensive line and a few 
other assets, tike Ricky Waiters’ 

The Cowboys’ defense faces a 
big task. But that same quick and 
aggressive secondary handled Ster- 
ling Sharpe, the Green Bay Pack- 
ers' marvelous receiver, when it 
counted last Sunday. 

“Playing the 49ers," said Larry 
Brown, one of the Cowboys’ cor- 
nerbacks, “is like goins from s 
headache with Sterling Sharpe io 
the flu with Jerry Rice." 

Kevin Smith, the other corner- 
back, said the Cowboys were famil- 
iar enough with the 49erS because 
they played them early this season. 
And the Packers’ offense ibe Cow- 

boys faced Sunday operates much 
tike that of the 49crs. 

“But the big thing.” Smith said, 
“is that the talent is different. The 
49ers have more weapons." 

One way to deal with a trouble- 
some offense is to keep it guessing 
what comes next. A predictable de- 
fense will be burned sooner or later, 
so Bill Bates said the Cowboys 
must keep mixing up coverages. 

“When a team has so many good 
receivers," Bates said, “sometimes 
you bump them, sometimes you lay 
off them, sometimes you press 
them. You show them some rone 
and some man. We definitely know 
we can beat them. That confidence 
helps, but it doesn’t mean you’re 
going to win " 

Bates is an example of how spe- 
cialized the Cowboys’ defense, in 

J i articular, and pro football de- 
enses, in general have become. 
Bates is a veteran backup safely 
and special-teams’ captain. 

He also plays linebacker in the 
nickel defense on third down when 
the opposition needs seven yards or 
more for a first down. For fewer 
than seven yards, Ken Norton Jr„ 
the starting middle linebacker, 
stays in the game because he is 
bigger than Bates and better 
against the run. 

The Cowboy* starting secondary 

has Brown and Smith at the comers, 
Thomas Everett at free safety and 
Darren Woodson at strong safely. 
Kenny Gam. or sometimes Brock 
Marion, is the nickel back. James 
Washington the dime back 

Everett is the best hitter. Smith 
the best closer. Marion is a rookie. 
Smith and Woodson are in their 
second pro seasons and Brown is in 
his third, a young group. 

“I tike them," said Dare Campo. 
the Cowboys’ secondary coach. 
“The comers are good cover peo- 
ple. good bump and run. The safe- 
ties are smart and Everett gets 
turnovers in big games. They give 
us good run support. 

“The 49ers are almost unstoppa- 
ble betw een the 20s. so we hare to 
get turnovers and make things hap- 
pen. We'll use a lot of nickel but 
we can’t double the wideouts all the 
time because their running game 
will gel you inside. You have to 
name your poison." 

The best tool for a pass defense is 
a strong rush. Although the Cow- 
boys have good pass rushers in 
Tony Tolbert. Jim Jeffcoat, Jimmie 
Jones and Charles Haley, their reg- 
ular-season total of 34 sacks was 
little more than two a game. 

They had four sacks against the 
49ers when they beat them, 26-17, 
in the sixth game of the season. 

They allowed the 49ers to gain 405 
yards, and Young completed 24 of 
33 passes for 249 yards, but the 
Cowboys did not give up the big- 
scoring" play. 

“Our pass defense isn’t difficult 
or complicated.” Norton said. 
"The main thing on corerage is 
quarterback pressure. You have to 
know how the other team is going 
after you. 

“The 49ers will stretch you. They 
have a Jot of confidence in their 
receivers. They like to turn a short 
catch into a Jong run. They keep 
slanting cm you and will lull you and 
then they fly. You better be there."" 

When" the J^rs' offense mans 
rolling, it usually picks up momen- 
tum. That concents Jeffcoat. a wise 
old bead in bis 11th pro season. 
"It’s tike the run and shoot," he 
said. “When they get going, they're 
going to keep it up and they can 
slaughter you." 

Timmy Johnson, the Cowboys’ 
coach, concedes that the 49ers will 
move the ball passing. 

“You try to slow them down and 
not give up the big play." he said. 
“Rice and Taylor are such good 
receivers after the catch that even if 
you're in a rone they have the abili- 
ty to break it. So what's the answer? 
I don't know that we have the an- 

The a sudaKd Press 
Robert Parish, at 40 the NBA’s 
jest player, was held scoreless by 
justonaod Hakeem Oiaprironin 
slon Garden last wsefc Jfc re- 
united with 19 prams and *Tra- 

-jston- > - - - 

Nobody tikes tojo scwSe^J . 
me mud? 1 Parish m ' 

uy jne madF Parish, said, 
not a deal in my pridt^ . ' ; 
foe victory gave the Qflbcs'dnr 
L twogome winning sneak sax* 

Dec-W, , _ 

ton and Portiand. The defeat It 
Houston with its first three-game 
taring streak this seasda. 

- Crtajuwon outfcGred Parish, 37- 


O.last week. Thfctin*, Olajuwon 
Jed the Rockets with 2B porno and 
12 rebounds, white; Dee Brown 
paced the Celtics with 23 points. 

The. Rockets are 6-7 since start- 
ing the season with it 22-1 recced. 





the club’s single-season record los- 
ing streak, set in 1980. The Pistons’ 
longest losing skid is 21 games — 
the last 14 of the 1 974-80 season 
and the first seven of 1980-81. 

dippers 126, Heat 134; Lot An- 
geles and Miami shot an NBA- 
mite lo smg all but six. points of a record 23 3-point baskets, but the 
22-point lead against Lot Angeles. Clippers were far more accurate. 
to»*< 1 123. Pistons 91; Mflwau- The visiting Clippers woe It of 

15 from afar, Miami 12-fw-2o as 
the two teams broke the NBA re- 
game skid aim nawung uetrou ns cord of 21 by Milwaukee and Pwi- 
J4th consecutive loss, which tied land on Dec. 30, 1990. 

attic i 

17-1 at 

were 24-0 this season when 
under I 00 
how have lost two in tow 
up fewer than 100. 
103, Lakers 88: Se- 
ta 28-5 overall and 
both NBA bests, de- 

kee won tire battle of Central Divi- 
sion losing streaks, snapping a sbe- 
skid and handing Detroit its 


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Page 18 



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Patriotic Radiation 


■ i 


be | 







6 . 


W ASHINGTON — Gravedig- 
ger was very defensive about 
the news stories revealing that the 
government had performed radia- 
tion and medical experiments on 
U.S. citizens, in the 1950s and 
1960s. without 
their knowledge 
or consent. 

“We had to 
find out," be 

“What did 
you have to find 

“How much 
fallout the hu- 
man body could n ,, . . 

stand." ' Buchwaki 

“But you didn't inform the peo- 
ple you were experimenting on. 
That wasn’t nice." 

“We couldn't tell them, because 
if we bad they might have refused 
to be guinea pigs. In those days a 
lot of people were suspicious about 
the effects of radiation." 


“Why didn't you try the stuff on 
laboratory animals instead of hu- 

“The American people wouldn't 
sumd for it. it's the same today. 
You fool around with animals and 
there'll be demonstrations from 
Staten Island to Seattle. Look, we 
were prepared to pay the victims. If 
they ever found out about it, tbey 
— or their heirs — would be com- 

“It’s still hard to believe that 

Viking to P ublish 
f Zlata’s Diary’ 

iVw York Tunes Service 

N EW YORK — Fourteen pub- 
lishers participated in a fren- 
zied auction for the American 
its to the day-bv-day account of 

life during the Balkan war by Zlata 
Filipovic, a 1 3-year-old girl from 

The sale was conducted by Edi- 
tions Robert Laffont/Fixot. the 
French publisher of the book, and it 
resulted in an impressive final prior. 

In the end Viking won with a bid 
of about $560,000 and announced 
that it would publish the book in 
March, with the title “Zlata’s Dia- 
ry." Viking plans an ambitious first 
printing of 200.000 copies. 

American scientists and doctors 
would irradiate other Americans 
without telling them." 

Gravedigger responded, “We 
didn’t experiment on your normal 
healthy American. We found peo- 
ple who were sick to start with and 
didn’t mind a little fallout to ease 
their pain.” 

He continued, “You have to see 
these experiments in context. At 
the time, it was essential that we 
understood what radiological 
weapons would do to the popula- 
tion. Fnzmyer told me to seek out 
some people who weren’t too radio- 
active and sprinkle plutonium dust 
on their cornflakes.*’ 

“Who was Fitzmyer?" I asked. 

“He was my boss and worked for 
Ferguson, who worked for Hud- 
dleston, who reported to Have- 
meyer. If you’re going to find a 
villain, you’re going to have to go 
right up the ladder of the Atomic 
Energy Commission — and down 
again to the Pentagon and the CIA. 
Everybody was just following or- 

“The whole situation has an odor 
of Nazism to it." 

“How can you say that?" Grave- 
digger asked. “We were only ex- 
perimenting on some Americans to 
save other Americans. Would you 
prefer that we inject nuclear waste 
mto Canadians?” 

“What did you do with the infor- 
mation gathered from these tests?" 

“We stored them in steel filing 
cabinets where they are as safe as 
tbey can be.” 

“Do you believe that the govern- 
ment should track down the people 
you did a number on and compen- 
sate them for your actions?" 

“It didn’t bother me then and it 
doesn't bother me now. I'm retired 
so nobody can blame me for what 

“Who should be blamed?” 

“Wembley. It was his idea in the 
first place. He was in charge of 
persuading the American public 
that radioactivity was good for you. 
Because he needed proof he started 
spraying it on people at perfume 
counters. None of them realized 
what was being done to them." 

“Where is Wembley now?" 

“He’s living in a nursing home in 
Florida. But it won’t do any good 
to talk to him. Ail he keeps saying 
is. ’My country right or wrong.’ " 

Artie Shaw: In Your Face, Fast-Forward 

By Mike Zwerin 

Inunurianal Heuld Tribune 

L OS ANGELES — Arthur Jacob Ar- 
sbawdey a/k/a Artie Shaw walked, 
away from 560,000 a week back when that 
was 10 limes today’s dollar for leading a big 
band as popular as, and most musicians 
considered better than, Benny Goodman, 
Tommy Dorsey or Glenn MiDer. He called 
his jitterbug fans “morons." 

He bad hired Billie Holiday, Lena 
Home, Rot Hdridge (“Little Jazz") and 
Buddy Rich (“he played like the Czecho- 
slovakian Army"). He added strings. 
“FrenesL" “Stardust" and “Begin the Be- 
guine" were monster hits. The band 
worked five sdd-oul shows a day seven 
days a week for weeks on end at Loews 
State Theatre in New York. Each conclud- 
ed with Shaw’s C above C at the end of his 
“Clarinet Concerto." Nobody else could 
that note — be had invented the 
(hie night a clarinetist came 
ttage and. in awe, asked: “Artie, 
aren't you scared?" 

“Scared of wbatT Sbaw snapped. He 

“Scared of missing it” 

“If you’re not sure you can make some- 
thing,” be said. “Don’t try." 

Lack of self -confidence has never been 
one of Shaw's problems. His self-esteem is 
matched by his talent and intelligence. He 
pumps himself up continually, a matter of 
energy more than ego, getting in your face 
for your own good. Like Gary Cooper in 
“High Noon," he tore off his badge and 
left town at the apex of success with the 
same sort of disdain. He was considered 
successful by the wrong people for the 
wrong reasons. He loves the story about 
the rand rabbit who tries to guess the 
species of a snake: “You’re slimy, sneaky 
and poisonous. You must be a record 
company executive." 

He moved to Spain, studied classical 
guitar, went into psychoanalysis, started 
writing books. “The Trouble with Cinder- 
ella" is one of the more stylish and percep- 
tive musical autobiographies around. 

When pop stars quit at the top. death is 
often the reason and it can be a good career 
move. Whether it was good or not for Shaw 
remains to be seen because he stiB very 
much remains. Anyway be did not consider 
himself a pop star, or even a darmetist. The 
only time be ever met Benny Goodman, 
Benny kept talking shop — clarinet brand 
names, reeds, mouthpieces, the literature. 
What do you think about this or that play- 
er? He was “mouomaniacaL" 

“Hey Benny," Shaw interrupted. “Let’s 
change the subject There's more to life 

than a clarinet'’ 

“But that’s what we both do. isn’t it?" 

Shaw: “I quit tbe musk basmess because I was disgusted with the mass ndtact' 

Goodman replied. “We're the two best 
clarinet players around. We have that in 

“No we don’t" he said. “You play the 
clarinet I play music" 

Shaw is on constant verbal and physical 
fast-forward in his PR man's office. He 
hat driven there himwlf and he tain** a 
phone call from someone he calls “Baby." 
linear conversation is not his strong 
point He says the secret to a youthful old 
age is to “stay interested." and cites Buck- 
minster Fuller as a model Tbe other day 
be struck up a conversation with a woman 
in the supermarket. “How old are you?" 
she asked. “Guess." She guessed 58. 
“Thanks.” he smiled, “but turn it around 
and take off two.” Statement of fact 

He lives a secluded, incognito life in a 
development north of L A^he prefers you 
don’t know the name: “I’m an old cur- 
mudgeon. A recluse. 1 don’t know a soul in 
the neighborhood. People leave me alone. 

Word is out that I’m a shooter. I’ve got 
marksman’s medals." 

“Enchanted" by tbe possibilities of lan- 
guage, he's currently investigating tbe Tal- 
mnHifl word “nuBalr, ” which combines mu- 
sic and magic. He writes because he likes 
the solitude as modi as doing it He can’t 
wait to get up in the morning to see what the 
day holds, and to rewrite ms most recent 
pages. One of bis collection of short stories, - 
“The Best of Intentions." is about a guy 

named Jpf f>ibn whp delicatessen in 
Kenosha, faQs in love with Bette Davis, 
goes out to L. A and ends up manying her. 
“Hot diggtty!” Joe exdaimsL The editor was 
puzzled: “It's great, Artie, but what is ft? I 
mean, she’s still alive, isn’t she? I don't 
understand what h is. Does Joe wake up or 

“It’s words on paper," Shaw replied. 
“That's all it is. And what about you? Do 
you Vake upT* 

He's pumped up. conversation is toe-to- 

tot .He's always testing your attention 
span arid.- one feds, his own virility- 
■This is a man who is divorced from six 
wives, including t-ana Turner.. Ava Gard- 
ner, Evelyn Keyes and Elizabeth Kctil 
. Tbnwrcalledhim“mycoU^ 

He says, “Av& died of -confusion, ter beaii- 

tyiuMhcr.^Hisson whhKerQ askedhnn 

to judge if his gnfar playing was good 
, enough to turn profcs&OflflL 'You’re my 
son and Jerome Kern’s grandson," Shaw 
reminde d him “If yftn haven’t got &H ear,, 
you’re a biological freak.” 

He reads a lot He has a satellite dish but 
knows not why: “Even so-called public 
hmndragring is controlled by big corpora- 
tions. It’s hopeless. A guy I know applied 
to PBS for a couple hundred thousand 
dollar s for a talk show, people bouncing 
off ideas. The woman in charge said: ‘Oh 
iywng on. That’s change. Who cares 
about people talking? rdratner give you a 
couple minion, snS you give me Bat bra 
Streisand and the Civil War.’ I quit tire 
mndf. business because I. was disgusted 
with the mass audience, ite-kwest possi- 
ble commo n denominator-” . 

Owing back taxes, he pot together one 
final ~big band in 1949: “It was the best' 

band I ever had. people like A1 Cohn and 
Zoot Sims playing arrangements by Tadd 
Dameron and George RusseU. We played 
Ravel It bombed. People didn’t just dis- 
like it, (bey loaihed il Being antic, I 
thought to myself that if the best band I 
ever had was Terrible,’ what would happen 
with the worst band. I put together 12 guys 
playing stock arrangements of the Bill- 
board Top 15. stuff like Tf I Knew You 
Were Cornin’ r<Tve Baked a Cake.’ We . 
didn’t rehearse, there were divisions of 
thought about first and second en din g s . ! 
married op and (town with, my dannet 
'over my. shoulder during a tango. Good 

S we were bad. We were a smash. ( 
!e came up to me and said, ‘Hefiirva 
band you got’ here’ ” 

To pay more bade taxes in J 954, be put 
together a combo with, among others, 
Hank Janes, piano, Tal Faxtowe, guitar, 
and Tommy Potter on bass. Two double- 
CDs of the group — “The Last Record- 
ings" (Musemasicrs) — . have recently 
come on the market for die first time: 

. “If there are 37 levels of piamssinxx, I 
was on levels 35 and 36. Ine reed was 
barely vibrating, I was in total controL I 
knew I could not play better than that, 
what was the paint af going on? So l 
finally quit for good. People -ask me if I 
miss practicing. T ask them if Muhammad 
Ali nrisses roadwork. But I never thought, 
these records wookl be following me. 
around 4G years later. Somebody; I thmk it 
was T. S. mot, said . . . .. 

No more tape.’ 


Flab-Flexer, Maybe, 

Ffchtin’ words; It was Danny 
verses Donny, a three-round chari- 
ty boxing match to determine 
which former child star ted grown 
into tire more macho, adult. The 
winner; Danny B onaduce, who 
bloodied Donny Osmond's nose 
and earned a 2-1 decision. The. 
challenge began at a Chicago gym 
ybere both men were wb rtmgiout, 
when Osmond called Bonaduce “a 
poseur, just flexing that flab" Os- 
mond, who recorded Top 10 hits 
with. his fonuly, . his aster and by 
himself, is appearing on stage in: 
Chicago, ana Bonaduce, who 
played the wisecracking Danny 
partridge in the TV show “The Par- 
tridge Family," is a disk jockey for 
a local radio station. . 

Rate McEatire has an offer for 
country music fans: Give up a gun, 
see a show. The anger said. that 
people who turn in a gtm in each 
dry where she performs this year 
wBl get a free ticket to her show. 


The I talian , pom star OrrioWns 
will have a place to stay during her 
custody fight with her estranged 
husband: his bouse. A judge Tided 
that Gcriolina, whose real name is 
Bona Stater, may stay in a third- 
floor bedroom of the artist Jeff 
Room's New York home while she 
tries to win custody of their 14- 
montb-old son, Ludwig. 


- The anger and songwriter NeH 
Young has helped design a model 
train with a single button so dis- - 
abled children can operate it. - 
Young, who has two sons with cere- 
bral palsy, developed the toy with 
Richard Kugho, owner of Lionel 
Trains Inc. The train also features 
real locomotive sounds, recorded 
by Young. 


Sixpeoplewin be inducted into 
the Theatre Hall of Fame at its. 
annual ceremony in New York: 

Jane Alexander, John Goa re, ten- 
ford WBson, Jod Grey, Barters 
Cook and John Raid. Jack Gilford, 
Richard Barr and Josephine HU 

will be honored posthumously. 



Appears on Page 4 . 







1 3*3 



408 t 
104 xh 





BM3 9 

104 C 






9/48 r 






S/41 i 





-2/29 S I 






-3/27 pc 






,209 pc 





-2/29 pc 






-209 >1 

C-wu DiH Sol 





5/41 ■ 






1/34 ih 






1/34 sh 





206 W> 


o m 




-2/29 PC 






-3727 pc 





-307 wi 






6*41 1 






14/57 s 






7/44 s 






3/37 pc 






■1/31 a 






002 ■ 






-9/10 U 






307 s 






408 a 






8/22 sn 






7/44 a 






•int pc 


■a /22 



■209 » 






-406 si 






307 r 

-7 CO 




-700 sn 





-209 sn 





•lOI G 






-2/29 sn 

/"nr* 1 




7. '44 

104 pc 






-2/29 pc 






J/29 a 






■209 s 



76 77 




17*2 pc 

' r'T t 




29 /W 

22/71 pc 

Forecast lor Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Wealh8r. 



Mgti Low W 
32*9 21/70 pc 
-6/24 -11/13 pc 
17*2 13/50 C 
31*0 22/71 PC 
22/71 7M4 ■ 

-3/27 -12/11 pc 
2/36 -5/29 pc 
26*2 24/75 pc 
17*8 11/52 * 
4/39 -1/31 ah 


4 *> 

lM II 

2 i no pc 

-13/9 pc 
13*5 • 
23/73 I 
9/48 S 
- 12/11 pc 
-4/25 ■ 
24/75 pc 
9/48 a 
■2/29 id 


North America 

The Marly cold weather trial 
gripped the Eastern Untied 
Stales much at this week wB 
depart this weekend. Tem- 
peratures will rise above 
freezing tram Washington. 
D.C., lo Boston by Saturday 
afternoon. Welcome raki wit 
spread onto the West Coast 
ol the Untied Stales by Sun- 


High winds win sweep over 
the British Isles Friday mto 
the weekend. Frequent rams 
wfl soak Ireland. Wales and 
northern England. Scotland 
and southwestern Norway 
wfl have raki and wet snow. 
London Uvtju^i Paris wil be 
windy with a lew showers 
each day. Heavy rains writ 
(french Athens. Greece. 


Utterly cold w e a t her In much 
of eastern China Friday and 

Saturday wll begin to mod- 
erate Sunday. Hong Kong 
and Taipei wig have the cold- 

est vraettw so far this winter 
over the weekend. Clouds 
and agfn ram wfl accompany 
the colder ar. Warm weather 
wll contfcHie from Manila to 

Middle East 

Latin America 


Wgft Low W 










14/57 c 

Buenos Amo 





19*8 s 





15/5* pc 



22 m 



sun pe 





9/48 c 






20*8 pc 





11/52 c 






0/48 c 





15*9 1 






73/71 PC 





11/52 s 






14/57 pc 

New York 

Legend: s-sunny. oc per*/ ctoudy. c-doudy. sh-sJiowors, MJunrtessxtiB. i-raki, sFwnw bvrtas. 
wsriaw. hce. w-weatner At maps, toracHa end die provided by Aco* Wea th er . Inc. C 1984 

San Fran. 

Sense 10.50 

TtoCo -9/16 

V toh wp w -a .-22 

ZSfT 3 12/53 « 22/71 10/50 pc 
23 m 19*1 pc 24 m 13*9 pc 
-11/13 -ie/0 ■ -7/20 -13* pc 
-13/9 -22F7 a) -12/11 -IBM pc 
38 "79 19WB it. 20/79 1900 pc 
•e/10 -10/15 Si -4/25 -0/19 pe 
36.76 11/52 « 24/75 11/53 • 
17*2 B/48 pc W*1 BM6 c 



■9 MS 

pc 11/52 4 CD c 
pc -6/18 -13/9 pc 
d -1/31 -7/20 pc 



Stale Snow 

Pas data Casa 110 160 Good Open Pwdr 17.) PasorUuO/opmi, vtonderM Pting 
Sofdeu US 160 Good Open Pwdr 17/1 ffagdUtiy open, great aandbona 







0746 1 

Capa Tom 





14/57 pc 




PC 11*2 

104 pc 


72 m 




77M a 






24775 pc 






12*3 pc 





5M1 4b 

North America 



-11. 13 



-IS* pc 






-2/29 a 






■9/16 pc 



• IB* 



-13* pe 






-2/29 a 






-9/18 pc 






19*8 pC 






4/39 c 



0 35 





Many icy patches 







Genemfy good skbng 


50 95 





ABBtts open, cold meether helping 


40 120 





AM BBs open, towar nets petefty 


50 200 





At Ats open, fresh enow 


Alpe d*Hu82 

130 220 



Var .16/1 

Uost ens open, erceUent drSng 


110 350 





Matt tnsaptn. good sksng 




Open Pwdr 17/T 

At We open. exceSonr conchDons 


175 340 


Open Pwdr 


Ten nerds Uts open good Siting 


80 410 





fast petes axce&rn 


130 170 


Open Pwdr 


Excellent slang 

Lea Deux Alpes TOO 300 





Pistes n gnu conrtOon 


90 290 





Great siting evatatXe 


200 300 


Open Pwdr 


Mob BUS open. ruceBent sktng 

Men be! 

BO 160 





At Uts open, peat suing 

La Plagrre 

150 310 





Lovely siting 

Serre Chevaiiar 

60 200 





Most BBS open, excellent pting 


140 300 





Greet Mng 







Exceaant sfong 


1G0 360 





AM 10 s open, greet aktng 



5 160 





Good siting on Mesh snotv 


10 130 





Marins open, upper elopes good 



30 145 


Open Pckd 


Ganmatf good siting 

Depth Mto. 

L U1 

Resort . 

Cendrde t 20 425 Good Open Var 14/1 Exceeem dong conentians 

Cortina . 26-116 Good Open Petal- 6/i AM ttaopeni tome nom patches 

Gouflitwaur. . 20240 Good- Cfsd Var 16/1 Uomt slopes wfoeAml 

Selva ■ - • -55100 Good Open Var a/4 A* Ob open. ffrwttridtafl 

Sennara 75145 Good Open Var 15/1 *IWtoqpan. good iking 

UHohammer SO TO. Good . Open Ifar 13/1 Uastetsapan- • ■ 


Baquiem-Baret 150 2S& Good Open Pwdr 1 7 / 1 AM Ks qpen awaBanf powder 


Crans Montana 
Davos ' 
GrindotwaM •' 

St Moritz - • 



75 80 
40 130 
TO 73 
20 65 
30 50 
60 230 









Open var '17/1 
Open .Pwdr 17/1 
Opart Pwor 15/1 
Open \rm 17 /I 
VOr 17/1 
War 14/1 
var 15/i 
Var 14/t 





Uoet Mb open, wry good s**ng 
AM fits qpsa a*adw* aftSng 
At ans ana pittas open 
Umtflbsapen. kmar runs warn 
Mariyas open, {pad sting 
AS BAs open, good strung 
Most MO open, tomrOopes worn 
Moat 90s open. exceSont sMng 

Aspen- 95 105 Good Open -Pwdr 15/1 AS Ms open 

BracKenrtdge . 120146 Good Open Pwdr 17/1 AMMaapen 

KHItngton 40 160 Good Open Pw* 19/1 Most Sits open, fresh porter 

Mammoth 25 90 - Fair - Open , V» - Moti Steepen 

Park City ' 60115 Good Open Var 16/1 At tits open 

TaOuride '. 60 95 Good Open Var 12/1 AHKscpen 

VaH 110130 Good Open Pwdr 17/1 AB Me open ■ 

Winter Pah 130150 Good Open 'Pwdr MJ\' ABOAsopen - 

Key: Uf Depth in cm on lower and upper dopes, Min. PWaa: Mountains**? pistes, Dae. 
Plates- Buns ieadng to rasort vflage. Art Artflm snmr 

. . /topc»» svppieO by [Tie Ski Oub of Great Britain 

Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 



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00 1 4-88 1-0 II Iceland** 



10811 Irdaod 





HOQg Krwfl 



1 55 - 00 - U 






00 - 801-10 


(MKXUH 1 1 










11 * 






800 - 190-11 

New ZesLnkJ 

UKi -91 1 


QaO 10-4800111 




05017 - 1-288 




01 - 800-4288 






HfTMil 11-111 




-i.kV -,30 


029 - 795-611 


0080 - 10288-0 




Ofll'Wioi-l 1 1 1 






8 a 14 111 




022 - 903^)11 

EgypT (Cairo) 


IV 4 pmii* 



177 - 100-2727 



Kuwait "• 



99 - 38-0011 

Lebanon (SdroO 




Saudi Arabia 

1 - 800-100 

Czech Rep 

00 - 120-00101 


W- 800-12277 





9809 - 100-10 


001 - 800 - 200-1111 


19 *- 001 1 

Belize* ’ 





MOO -1111 




OOa- 0912- 

















NJcaragna (Managua) 174 
















•British VX 

. 1-800-S72-2BS1 

: Cayman Isl ands 

1 - 800 - 872-2881 

1 - 800 - 872-2881 

0P1 -800-972-283? 








00U1 V 




WWW Malawi** 


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■Hi/ian.iBioft'x;, ’ 

r&T World Cooara' 'em 

nifuMr, . alii* Momw iU,, -.i, Bi Ijkouq- _ 

lwr*^nn.v/lf!i | iB ilw<>«n ■VLinmjpurin.^fc, i , 

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