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Paris, Friday, January 21, 1994 

No. 34.49 t 

To a 


Prison Labor 

U.S. linked Inspections 
Of Alleged Export Sites 
To Special Trade Status 

By Thomas L. Friedman 

New York Tims Sendee 

BEIJING —Treasury Secretary Xloyd Bent- 
sen announced Thursday that the United States 
and China had reached an agreement to allow 
American customs officers to regularly yiai 
Chinese prisons to ensure that their factories 
were making products for export to America. . 

The agreement rives important momentum 
to the Clinton amnimstratiop’s drive to 
Chinn to loosen up cm human tights^so 
President KB Ctimon wjnharcthe'polifical 
<»ver with Congress to renew China's preferen- 
tial trade status in June. Movtaioii oii dit 
prison labor issne was one of theefatd condi- . 
dons Mr. Gmton laid down for the renewal erf 
China’s preferential trade status.’ r 

In a speech in Begmg; Mrl Baasen raid 'that - 
the two governments had agreed on measures 
“to insure mare effective prevention of. the 
export of goods made with prison labor" Be 
said that China had agreed to permit inspec- 
tions of five prisons alleged to be. prodnmng 
goods for export 

The accord, together with an agreement be- 
tween Washington and Bapng earlier this week 
that curbs covert Chinese textile exports to the 
United States and the recent release by China' 
of a few promteeat political prisoners, suggests 
that the adruimstranou's new policy of ajggrefr- 

It remains to be seat tow China will respond 
to the other nHtmnkm itinn demands- for an 
accounting of all it spo H ^ to 

of ihe^S*^^fem^atian.ri^asfojrfaiiHlks 
of dissidents, ^ and protection <)f Tibet’s ditfinc- . 
five and colmral heritage. ^ ; r - . ’ • •• < 

Mr. Bentsen dedmed to be draws into char : 
moves, nor did he say whether be fdt the »6 
governments were on tSeir way. to. resolving 
enough of their differences for Mr. Ginton to ' .■ 
fed cocpTortride . rcnewihg^Quha’s moArfatr 
vrwed'jimiW^ua^ ' ^ 

Reformers Shut Out 
Of Yeltsin’s Cabinet 

Finance Chief Quits , Prime Mmister 
Declares f Market Romanticism 5 Over 

By Steven Erlanger 

.Vnr York Times Service 

MOSCOW — Boris G. Fyodorov. Russia's 
reformist finance minister, announced Thurs- 
day that he was quitting the government after 
President Boris N. Yeltsin named a new and 
much more conservative cabinet. 

After four days of intense negotiation and 
financial panic, the prime minister, Viktor S. 
Chernomyrdin, announced the makeup of the 
new government and declared that “the period 
of market romantidsm is now over." 

Mr. Fyodorov, a tough infighter and the best- 
known market reformer in the government af- 
ter the resignation on Sunday of Yegor T. 
Gaidar, said he could not remain finance minis- 
ter and accept a demotion from deputy prime 
minister, with the result that he would be out- 
ranked by conservative industrialists with little 
understanding of market economics. 

“The government will evidently be one that is 
not capable of advancing reforms." Mr. Fyo- 
dorov. 35. said Thursday night. 

He forecast much higher inflation by .April 
and further falls in the value of the ruble. 

“The president can change the government in 
three months," he said. “That is his constitu- 
tional right, and i hope be will use it." 

Mr. Chernomyrdin said Thursday that “the 
government will not retreat from the course of 
continuing and deepening reform." But be add- 
ed that the new cabinet must "correct the 
course of reforms." 

He said the fight against inflation would 
include efforts to establish price and wage con- 

Mr. Chernomyrdin said be expected higher 
inflation of 15 percent to IS percent through 
the first half of thus year and 8 or 9 percent by 
its end. That is twice the target of the last 

government, which had been agreed upon with 
ine International Monetary Fund. 

Mr. Chernomyrdin's prescriptions brought 
negative responses from senior Western diplo- 
mats. who forecast considerably higher infla- 
tion and a further run on the ruble, which 
stabilized Thursday when the central bank 
flooded the market with dollars. 

One dollar brought 1,553 rubies, compared 
to 1,607 on Wednesday. But market expecta- 
tions were more visible in the private ex- 
changes, which were asking up to 1.900 rubies 
per dollar. 

“Even if not unexpected, this is not good 
news," one diplomat said. “It's nice to have a 
more united government. buL not if they go 
marching off united in the wrong direction." 

He said the new cabinet was an embarrass- 
ment to President Bill Gin ion. who got assur- 
ances of deeper reforms from Mr. Yeltsin 3t 
their summit meeting last week. 

“But the West was probably irrelevant to the 
final pan of this struggle.” he said. 

Mr. Fyodorov bad demanded that Mr. Yelt- 
sin and Mr. Chernomyrdin choose between 
himself and the Soviet-era chief of the central 
bank, Viktor S. Gerashchenko. Mr. Yeltsin is 
believed to have favored the inclusion in the 
cabinet of Mr. Fyodorov but Mr. Chernomyr- 
din, a figure of increasing power as Mr. Yelt- 
sin's political authority begins to wane, refused 
to accept the young reformer's ultimatums. 

Mr. Chernomyrdin has argued that the re- 
sults of the Dec.’ 12 parliameoia/y elections, in 
which Mr. Gaidar's Russia's Choice party ran 
second to the ultranationahsi Vladimir V. Zhir- 
inovsky, require a more cushioned transition to 

See RUSSIA, Page 5 

New Inspection Barriers 

O'- _• ‘A ■>, - '.-J.'-.;. .. Gennadi CaJpcid.' RAucr. 

o«eQBNA,i%e:5- ' • BonsXIFyodom, the refoniHnmdedfinaiMX minister, amtotmeed 

The Graying of Europe Has Started to Come to a Head 

By ' William Drozdiak . ' . 

’ iVat/angton Post Service . . ■ 

PARIS —fit the rape to stay ^bobgwtitive with the rest of the 
world, Weston Europe is slowly awakening to a troublesome 
handicap: Itspopulation is rapidly curamg gray, burdening, 
prosperous societies that must find new means to subsidize the 

okL .... 

A steady trcnd towaiti longer fife spans and diminished birth 
rates is starting to have A dramatic impact throughput the 12 
states of the BaropeamUmon, just when fbey are experiencing 
the steepest recessiro in rivo dccades. Schools are shotting, 
hospitals are becoming overcrowded, and the tin base of 
{Httfactiyc wodeers cvwywhae in Western Europe is shrink- 


About one-fifth of the Union's 340 xroflkffl citizens are over 

60. Demographers say (he proportion win grow, so that by 
2010 there will be more Europeans drawing pensions than 
contributing to Them. 

1 “Europe has been getting older since the turn of the century, 
but the effect on our quaGty of life may really start to show m 
the next few years," said Padraig Flynn, social affaire chief of 
the European Commission. “If we don’t get some of the 20 
million unemployed people hack to work soon, it will be hard 
to finance our welfare systems.” 

A falling birth rate has afflicted the wealthier parts of 
Europe for more than a decade. According Jo the UN Popula- 
tion Fond, Italy has the world’s lowest fertility rate. Statistical- 
ly, women bear only U children. All countries in Western 
Europe, except Ireland, rank below the 2.1 level of the United 
States and the 33 world average. 

The drop in European procreation often is attributed to the 
growing independence of women, who have entered the work 
Force in large numbers and do not want the burdens of raising a 
large family. 

A recent European Commission study found that of the 168 
mini on women in European Union states, more than one- 
quarter were heads of households, either living alone or as 
single parents. They have fewer babies, at a later age, and 
births outside marriage are rising fast 
Among couples, sociologists point to a widespread desire in 
prosperous European societies to spend more money and time 
on travel and leisure rather than on children. The increased use 
of birth control and legalized abortion in Europe has coincided 

See OLD, Page 5 

By David E Sanger 

.V»n* V < iris Times Senior 

TOKYO — In a setback for the Ginton 
administration's hopes that inspectors would 
soon be beaded into North Korea's nuclear 
complex, the International Atomic Energy 
Agency said Thursday that the North had re- 
jected a list of sites that the agency said it must 
visit to determine if nuclear weapons were un- 
der development. 

The inspection was agreed upon in principle 
by ibe United States and North Korea last 
month, and several weeks ago the State Depart- 
ment said it expected a final, technical agree- 
ment with the energy agency in just a Tew days. 
Instead, a standoff has developed between the 
agency and Pyongyang over how extensive an 
inspection North Korea will allow. 

More than a week ago the agency, an aim of 
the United Nations, submitted an eight-page 
document to North Korea listing sites it would 
need to visit. Inspectors have been barred from 
some of the sites for a year and cameras have 
run out or film at many of the others. 

In recent days, however. North Korea has 
told the agency that “there were a significant 

number of measures on the list that will not be 
allowed," said David Kyd. the agency's <r'’ ; :es- 
man in Vienna. 

Mr. Kyd said that Hans Blit. the director- 
general of the agency, made it dear to North 
Korea that “this is not a negotiation." He said 
that the agency forwarded an explanation of 
items on its inspection list and would not back 
down on them. 

"We told them that we will not send an 
inspection team unless there is full agreement," 
Mr. Kyd said. “We had thought there would be 
a crinkle or two. but this is substantial.” 

The United States has said that if North 
Korea permitted the inspections to go forward 
and reopened its dialogue with South Korea, 
the two sides could move to a round of broader 
discussions about diplomatic ties and aid. But it 
has also said that any inspection regime would 
have to be approved by the international 
Atomic Energy Agency. 

North Korea also warned the United States 
and South Korea on Thursday against replac- 
ing Team Spirit, an annual joint military exer- 
cise, with other, smaller military exercises. 

Europe 9 s Debate: Interest Rates, Again 

. Hy Alan Friedman -• \- 

Iniemaaoned Bendd Tribune 
PARIS — Six months after a currency crisis 
blew apart Euroji^sexichaa^-mle system, ten- 
sions are mounting again over interest rates, an 
issue that was at theheart of that fracas. ___ 

This time, as the Ctotinepfscare economies' 
of France and Germany"; ccmmme to stagnate, . 
the straggle is not amougaownraKHta, w be- 
tween central banks and currency specul&iois. 

Instead, btfane^ahefitorf^overiniKnl officials 

are at odds over the speed .at ' which rales should 
be cut in order toTncfc-stait growth. 

A number of industrialists gad .eopno fflists 
say Frames insfcaeare on mmnfon^ 
franc by kseping its hitereswaie cuts m step.' 
with Germany’s means fltet Paris baa lost a 
valuable opportunity to spar its own zecovay. • 
The debate sharpened Thursday after the 
Bundesbank council met arid - left rates un- 
changed ogam; rearing concern that even its 

policy, of slow, cautious rate reductions was 
now an hold. 

Although corporate executives in Europe are 
traditionally less outspoken than their Ameri- 
can counterparts in caning Tor cheaper money, 
interviews with, business leaders, economists 

TheBundesbautliftsa major financial tardea 
an tanks tetewies rates wriange&Page 11. t 

and bankers m jRranoe and Germany suggest 
this reticence is being abandoned. 

Among ihcse in France dea 
Cuts is interest rates is Jean-Pi erre Hr 
chief finarcial officer of Rhhn e-Poulenc SA, 
the leading Trench chemicals and phannaceuti- 
ctessroupl. ’ 

“wc arete the deqjesutoessian in Continen- 
tal Europe since the second -world war, and at 
the sametime Fraucehas ibe highest real short- 
term .interest rates in Europe, more than 4 
percent," MnTirouflei said m an interview. 

"Common sense trils us that having high 
interest rates at a time of recession is the wrong 
thing. Efforts to cut rates were made daring 
1993, but the rates came down from a level that 
was insane. What is needed now to restart the 
economy is to cut real interest rates at the short 

In Germany, where many companies have 
relatively long-term debt, the pressure for rate 
cuts is less acute because 10-year rates, now 
about 5.64 percent, are lower than short-term 

Bui Dr. Heiner Flassbeck, a critic of the 
Bundesbank who is head of forecasting at the 
German Institute for Economic Research, 
based in Berlin, said Germany and France 
needed American-style sharp cuts in interest 
rates, an the order of two or three percentage 
pewits this year, “to get out of recession." 

The Bundesbank's derision Thursday only 

See RATES, Page S 

By Paul F. Horvitz 

, tmematkeiai Btndd Tribune 

WASHINGTON — Nanlrc, riot crime, is the 
phenomenon tending Bullions xif Amrateans 
tow s survzvajjst community w anxiely ana 
fear these days. 

And the brutal earthqaate mliBAngekffis 
not the half of It. , ' , 

The villain of the moment is unheantof 
Arctic edd — a biting, penetrating sub-zero 
cold that has locked a thick layer of granite* 
hard ice over the East, Midwest. the Motmtam. 
states and pans.of . the .Sooth. 

Newsstand Prices 



Egypt — 
ivory Coast 
Jordan. — 

-.9.00 FF 
.17.20 FF 
.,.300 Pr: 
1 JP 


Luxembourg iflU Fr 

Morocco.,— -12 Dh 

Qcrtor^ 5-00 Rids 

R&mton— 11JDFF 
Saudi 'Arabia ..9.00 R. 
Spain*— JWFTAS. 
Tor9cey;,T.‘L7 liOOO 
UJV.E. Dlrh 

US. Mil; t£ur.) suo 

Cfidt The tdeviskm is on — bntifyooarea 
very gopd atizcii, yaa tura it off to save t&ec- 
tririty.There were brownoots frewn North Car- 
ofina to New Jersey on Wednesday as voltage 
ragged; there also were staged, 30-mmrne 
blackouts Tofling from neghbomood to neigh- 
boihood asdenHnd ontstripped (he power Stq>- 
piy, The Cdd War never ad this. 

Qirik, Thebattejyjwwered radio is on, te&- 
teg of dosed schools, dosed businesses and 
dosed government offices. Even the sted null 
in Beihldusm,' Pennsylvania, was down. So 
ranch was dosed that the annamcers resorted 
to listing the hardy few institutions that were 
.open. ... 

Weather forecasters are hauling out aD the 
Superlatives. Minus 20 derates Fahrenheit (nri- 
nns 29 degrees centjgracb} in Gevdand. Sr- 
- cord lows in Kentucky, Indiana, West Virginia. 
Michigan? it was namiy 52 degrees Fahrrahdt 
(minus 47 centigrade) in one town. Tonpera- 
tnres in Washiaston on Wednesday tet the 
lowest levels terms Camay. Nw to mention the 
wted. . \ - ' 

The al&ator pond at an Alabama zoo froze 
It coukfbe worse. The governor of Pennsyl- 

vania and the mayor of the District of Colum- 
bia have resorted to emergency declarations. 
Businesses simply must dose to save electricity 
or face fines. 

Tankers carrying oil to the hungry power 
plants on the Delaware River off Philadelphia 
are ice-bound. On Thursday, the federal gov- 
ernment was shot down, turning Washington 
into a libertarian’s paradise. Airports in the 
Northeast closed for a while, then slowly came 
batik. EmeigQKai Shdters were set up in some 
states who* travelers were forced off impass- 
able highways. 

Nearly 100 people have died aace Friday in 
car ficddeats or or cardiac arrest linked to the 

The windows are icy. On Che inside, WiQ the 
milk and bread hold out? 

Cabin fever is rampant. The kids, millions of 
bored kids, have been home from school for 
days. Going out to play is an invitation to' 
frostbite and hypothermia. The newspapers arc 
MI pf instructions- How to dress (layers, layers 
and more layers), how to save water pipes, now 

See COUD, Page 5 

Fiacft'c Mmi n* Proa 

FIRE DESTROYS AIRBUS — A gutted .Air France A-340 on the apron where it caught fire Thursday near Paris. Page 2. 


DU t.7376 

prenitna ck»» 










Special Counsel Gets Whitewater Case 

A former U.S. prosecutor, Robert Fiske, 
was named Thursday to probe the Gin tons' 

Arkansas land dealings in the 1980s. Mr. 

Fiske said he planned to question both Bill 
Ginton and tea wife, Hillary, under oath. 

At a news conference where Attorney Gen- 

eral Janet Reno announced his selection as 
independent counsel Mr. Fiske said be 
would conduct a broad probe, including 
whether the suicide of Vinceai Foster Jr., a 
White House aide and Clinton friend, bad 
anv link to the Whiiewaier case. (Page 3) 

Even Insiders Learn to Bash Washington 

By Maureen Dowd 

New York Tima Sentce 

WASHINGTON — It has been a long time 
since Washington got any respect, but the last 
year has been particularly hard on the ted 

The town had barely recovered from being 
labeled “a mess" by Hess Perot when Bill Gin- 
ton’s crowd Started in. Unda Bloodworth-Tho- 
masorc the Hollywood producer and first fam- 
ily friend, called Washington an "incestuous 
insane asylum,” and began preparing a new sit- 
com lampooning the city. 

Vincent W. roster Jr., the deputy White 
House counsel said ip a note before his suicide 
that “ruining people is considered sport** here. 

David R. Gergen, thepnssidflwtel counsdor, 
warned that a “cannihafism" was loose. Presi- 
dent Ginton complained dial the culture was 
obstructionist and should be changed. 

And in ins television appearances on Tues- 
day, in which he withdrew his nomination as 
secretary of defense, Bobby Ray Inman railed 
about an "era of modern McQrtbyism" and 
spun what sounded even to his friends like 
strange theories of conspiracies between politi- 
cians and columnists. 

It used to be that only outsiders bashed 
Washington. Then insiders pretending to be' 
outsiders — Patrick Buchanan, George Bush 
and even Bill Ginton, the governor who worked 
the capital as though it were a precinct of 

Arkansas — bashed Washington. Now. with 
veteran Washington officials such as Mr. Ger- 
gen and Mr. Inman joining in, the rhetorical 
device of playing David to the capital's Goliath 
has reached a remarkable new level. Populist 
attacks on Washington have become the stock 
in trade of Washington insiders. 

“I’ve made a number of attacks on the Wash- 
ington establishment,” drawled James C&rviUe, 
the Ginton strategist. “But Bobby Inman isn't 
exactly the ally you want" 

If Mr. Gergen and Mr. Inman, charter mem- 
bos of the Washington culture of leaking, ma- 
nipulating, backxcraichisg and logrolling, now 

Sec BASH, Page 5 

Page 2 


France Appeals for Talks to Thwart Wider Bosnia War 

Washington Pest Same 

PARIS — France proposed 
Thursday that the United States, 
Russia and the European Union 
countries hold argent talks to con- 
ceive a new international approach 
to stop civil war in Bosnia after the 
breakdown of negotiations in Ge- 

Foreign Minister Alain Juppe 
declared that a radically different 
policy was needed to thwart escala- 
tion m fi gfrting that could jeopar- 
dize hundreds of thousands of av3- 
ians as well as the humanitarian aid 
operations of the 26,000-man Unit- 
ed Natrons peacekeeping force. 

Diplomats said consultations 
could begin as early as Saturday 
when foreign ministers from many 
of the countries involved are ex- 
pected to gather in Oslo to attend 
the funeral of Johan Jflrgen Holst, 
the Norwegian minis ter who died 
of a stroke after helping to broker 
mutual recognition between Israel 
and the Palestine liberation Orga- 

al shouhfnot receive the authority 
to caO for air strikes, presidential 
advisees said. ‘ •- ■ 

In the past, France has repeated- 
ly insisted that the UN secretary 1 , 
general must be the ultimate au- 
thority in deriding when to launch 
air strikes from North Atlantic 

Patten Calls China 'hratiood' wVote 

_ i - rhris Fatten of Hong Kong on 



p ...f# ■ 

bases in Italy. 


Mr. Juppe said the latest failure 
stop the 21 -mouth-old war 

to stop the 21 -month-old war 
showed that Bosnia’s warring 
Serbs, Croats and Muslims were 
not wining to make peaceful com- 
mitments, let alone honor them an 
the battlefield. 

He said a new approach “means 
thinking about the need to draw 
conclusions from the parties’ obsti- 
nate determination to gain through 
war what we want than to achieve 
by peace.” 

The tone of the appeal also re- 
flected France's worsening political 
and military predicament m main- 
taining a large peacekeeping force 
in the forma Yugoslavia that has 
neither the weaponry nor the neces- 
sary orders to use force to carry out 
hs mandate, which is to deliver aid 
but to refrain from combat even 
when physically threatened . 

France has deployed about 6,000 
peacekeepers in Bosnia and Cro- 
atia, mare than any other country, 
but increasingly appears eager to 

France ted the way at the NATO 
sennit talks in Brads eaiher tins 
month for a renews warning of air 
strikes againstTJosniafl Serbs, espe- 
cially if they persisted in keeping 
ihe Tuzia airport dosed and re- 
fused to allow Dutch troops to re- 
place a Canadian contingent 
blocked in the- Muslim enclave of 

On Wednesday, Mr. Butros 
Ghafi ruled ran any nse of air 
strikes to open the arprat at Tuzla 


aw time was ttmntag oW, w>tl> 

U.S. and Hanoi to Discuss War Claims 

WASHINCTON (Rsuteis) - Tie United SOI a mi VidiBm tarve 

f A™* ■ 

f Mr 

$ Jr 
ft 5 

t< • 

daimsstenmnugfromme is 

mwfat a new step toward improved 
stiD have no diplomatic relations. 
Hie prospective di alo gu e. Wink 

or to relieve the Canadian troops 
because the UN faces lacked “oih- 

rdated to the lifting of a 

because the UN faces bdrod “oth- 
er means” on the ground to stake 
the strikes sncccssfuL 


toward noaMlrration of ties. 

General Jean Co^tfae UN commander, kft, looking at a cartoon in a Sarajevo ne w spaper Thnsdaydt 
hit by Botros Butros Ghafi, the UN chief. General Cot, who was critical of UN potky on Boana, vrifl 

him as a 1 

the end cl March. 

find a face-saving way to extricate 
them by the end of winter. French 
military sources say the harrowing 
number of war crimes and the frus- 
trating nature of the mandate has 
turned the mission into a demoral- 
izing ex p e ri ence for many of the 

Moreover, the two French gener- 
als who have headed the UN peace- 
keeping farce for the past year, Phi- 

lippe MoriUan and his successor. 
Jean Cot, have repeatedly clashed 
with the UN secretary-general, Bu- 
tros Butros Ghali, and the rest at 
the civilian hierarchy that has fol- 
lowed the war from the safety of 
the UN’s New York headquarters. 

The French government an- 
nounced this week that General 
Cot would be replaced at the end of 
March as part of what Mr. Jnpp6 

termed a “regular rotation.” Gen- 
eral Cot had nrgpd Mr. Butros 
Ghali to delegate to him the power 
to order air strikes in order to pro- 
tect his forces when under attack. 

Mr. Butros Ghafi refused to do 
so, insisting that such authority was 

conferred strictly on Wm by the 
members of the UN Security Conn- 

members of the UN Security Coun- 
cfl. Angered by the general’s imper- 
tinence, Mr. Botros Ghali met with 

President Francois Mitterrand in ' 
Paris on Jan. 8 and demanded that 
France recall General Col 
M r. Minernmd and die govern- 
ment of Prime Minister Edouard 
BaHadur had supported General 
Cot publicly ana urged that las 
forces be granted the means and 
flexibility to carry out their mis- 
sion. But in his meeting with the 
UN chief, Mr. Mitterrand ac- 

■ A Vote to Oast Owen 

Frustrated by unsuccessful tf- 
forts to halt war in Bosni a, th e 
European Padtament called Thurs- 
day for the dismissal of David 
Owen, the European Union's medi- 
ate in the Yugoslav peace protx&s, 
news agencies reported from Stras- 
bourg, France. 

By a vote of 160 to 90, with 13 
abstentions, the Euro pean. Union's 
518 -member assembly said Lord 
Owen h»<i not fulfilled bis task to 
bring peace to the region. A deci- 
sion to dignfos him could be taken 
only by die 12 EU governments. 

But in London, Lord Owen said 
Thursday that he intended to stay 
on. Asked whether be would resign 
after the resolution, he- said: 
‘There’s no question of if.” He said 
that it was an open secret dial be 
wanted to qoit. the burdensome 
mrir . hut that he had agreed to hdp 
EU foreign ministers through what 
be said was the current crisis. 

Spy-1 . , 

BONN (NYT) — Wolfgang Vogel, a Bcr 5 I JS2®j 
famous durmg the Cold War tradig^md Jj 

• tmTIastand West was freed on bail Thursday after ax months in jail 

since Germany was reunified m 1990. 

Mr. Vogel and iris wife, Hefga, were amsted Jajy 18 vto thetax 
evasion and pequry investigations beca m e public. Mrs. Vogel vrasre- 

bail, according to his lawyer. A spokeswoman for the justice anthraxes m 
Bcrfm saidhfr. Vogel was still under snspanon oftax evasi on . H e also 
feces trial on s«arate charges of perjury, Diadamnl and coeroon of 
former cheats in East Germany. . - 

ree on Bail 

U.S, Ready to Release WaldheimKle 

WASHINGTON (Rentas) — The United States may soon release 
parts of a secret file oa fhe Nazi pari of Kart AeTamer • 

Austrian president, administration sources saKtThniway. Evidence m 
die file letf tohis bang barred in 1987 from entering the United totes. <9 
The sources said die Justice Department had recommtfdritbeidrase 
of parts of thefite con taming a chronology of Ml Waldham s wartime 
.activities and documenting his proximity to and involvement m Nan 
atrocities in die Balkans. ' • ' • 

Mr. Waldhenn, who served two terms as United Nations se cretary- 

uaiAc, uo i7ov w Mws w . BM.iw. r*- - ~ " 

to covem^np his World War D army record but has denied knowledge of 
or participation in war crimes. 

London Headmistress Misreads ‘Romeo and Juliet 9 Blaze Guts 

LONDON — London school officials questioned a 
headmistress Thursday about allegations she had denied 
children the chance to see the ballet “Romeo and Juliet” 
because she felt the story was “blatantly” heterosexual. 

Officials in the Hackney district of east London said 
they had summoned the headmistress, Jane Brown, for an 
explanation of her refusal of cut-price tickets for the 
pupils at her school aged under 11, to go to London’s 
Covent Garden ballet and opera bouse. 

In comments later Thursday, the headmis t ress, 36, said 

she was “dismayed at the distress” that her move had 
“caused to parents, staff and pupils.” Earlier, she told 
officials the Covent Garden ballet and opera house that 
until bodes, film and the theater reflected all forms of 
sexuality, she thought it in ap propriate to expose ha 
pupils to the tale of the ill-fated young lovers. 

Hackney's education dud, Gus John, described the 
decision as “ideological idiocy and cultural philistinism.” 

But after a meeting with the headmistress, he said, “She 
accepts that she was seeking to bring a series of ideological 
considerations to the content of that play and that was 
wholly inappropriate.” 

Colleagues at Kingsmead Primary School said that the 
headmistress's intention had been misunderstood and that 
she had not wanted to expose the children to dramatmed 
gang warfare that forms an i mp ort a nt part of Shake- 
speare’s ploL 


Bmnwi of an editing error, an article bom Geneva in Thursday’s 
ed itio n s misrepresented an agreement between Croatia and Serbia. Tne 
two mi eventual, not immediate, diplomatic recognition and took 

first steps toward that goaL 

Airbus at 
De Gaulle 



The colleague added: ‘Tie school is on the edge of a 
notorious estate and showing the children yet more male 
stereotyping fending and knives is no joke. It is a question 
cl balance:” 

Brutal Slaying Recounted as Skinheads Go on Trial 

Complied by Our Stiff From Dispatches 

WUPPERTAL, Germany — Two neo-Nazi skinheads 
and a bar owner accused of kicking and burning a fellow 
German to dearth because he was Jewish went on trial 

The three defendants, who were caught within days of the 
November 1992 incident, listened impassively as the prose- 
cutor, Hans Jochen Buesem, gave a harrowing account of the 
death 14 months ago of the victim, identified only as Karl 
Hans IL, 53. 

Mr. Buesem said the drinhwiris told police they had had a 
drinking match with the man, a Wuppertal butcher, in a pub 
owned by Marian Jan Glensk. 32, an ethnic German immi- 
grant from Poland. 

After someone suggested, apparen tly wrongly, that the 
butcher was half Jewish, one cfcmin»ri knocked him off his 
bar stool and both kicked him with their jackboots as he lay 
on the floor. Mr. Buesem said. 

“Auschwitz must be opened up a g a in ,” the bar owner was 
said to have screamed. “Jews must burn." The two skin- 
heads, Andreas Wember, 26. and Michael Senf, 20, poured 
alcohol mi the man and set him afire. 

The victim, unconscious and with broken ribs, braises and 
severe bums on his chest and stomach, was bundled into a 

He died of his bquries dining the 100-kQometer (60-mfle) 
drive from Wuppertal, northeast of Cologne, to Venlo, just 
across the Dutch border, where his body was dumped. 

The maximum sentence for Mr. Wembra and Mr. Glensk 
would be fife in prison. Prosecutors say. Mr. Senf will 
probably be tried as a juvenile offends, which, means he 
could get a maximum 10 years in prison if convicted. 

Germany has been swept by neo-Nazi and other rightist 
violence since It was united in 1990. While most-media 
attention has so far been, paid to xenophobic attacks an 
foreign residents and refugees in the country, about half of 
the 30 people killed in extremist assaults lave beat Ger- 

Against the backdrop of the trial police raided the apart- 
ments and hangouts cf rightist extremists in five German 
stales Thursday moming in & crackdown ordered by the 
federal government. (Reuters, AP) 

International Herald Tribune ■ 

PARIS — Fire d es troy ed an al- 
most new Airbns jetiina worth 
$120 rmlhoa Thursday while it was 
on the t arma c before- into 
service for the day.-The aircraft was 
empty and the re we re no casualties. 

The 30- minute ft* mtted and 
broke the fuselage. A spokesman 
for Air France, owner of the four- 
engined Airbus A-34Q, said ifre 
caused the fire was unknown: '*• » 

■ The plane had just been puBed 

OUt of the maintenimcK hang HT at 

Charles de Gaulle airport, and was 
cm an apron far from passenger 

Smoking is forbidden in the 
m aintena nce hangar, but official 
peculated the fire could have been 
touched off by a. cigarette kft smoi-; 
doing by a passenger or by an 
electrical fault in the wiring aboard 
the aircraft. • 

EU Air Experts Favor Free Maritct 

- BRUSSELS (Rentas)— TheJEnropam Union should press an with 
Ebctffemg the Continents air industry and get toegh on state aid to 

The dami^^K^f ^p^d; set cares to the mdusay*s, 

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3 . 



T^smd thepaod had coiiie dowa more in favor of the free-market 
wp prnarfTni BnfiA ‘ A trinAyn than tbft state aid bvored by ahing state- 
owned catrie^ Air France, Sab^ and.Afilrdiau 
SentcH' tfk^ ^ee arrimd urged at hearings last Sq^em- 

ba a freeze on arccapacSy to Jilt a dow n ward ^ral in fares and the 
estaduhmentd an £U ^cmd^tp badrart ihprtoessiaQ-bartered sector. - 

Serious Grimes 
Soar in China 

Nobel Laureates Plead for Jailed French Doctor 


BEUING — Serious crimes, in- 
cluding murder and drug traffick- 
ing, rose by 23.4 percent in 1993 as 
an economic boom brought more 
thefts, gang violence and narcotics 
abuse, a senior pobce official said. 

The official Bai Jingfu, deputy 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Thirty-three Nobd 
prize winners added their voice 
Thursday to a petition to pardon 
Jean-Pierre Allain, one of the four 
doctors convicted in the French 
scandal of AIDS-contaminated 

Banister of public security, said the 
overall crime rate in 1993 rose by 

6.2 percent, roughly the same 
growth it has shown ea^ year since 
1982, the official China Daily said. 

But serious criminal cases shot 
higher, reflecting a broader change 
in society brought by economic re 
form. The pohcc cracked 19J000 

Bat with more than 1,200 hemo- 
philiacs contaminated and 300 al- 
ready dead, families of the victims 
reacted bitterly against the peti- 
tion, which was presented to Presi- 
dent Francois Mitterrand and had 

asked that the four be pardoned. 
The petition was signed by 98 emi- 
nent French and foreign doctors 
and researchers. 

The convicted doctors, all senior 
officials in the national transfusion 
service, allowed distribution of a 
contaminated blood dotting prod- 
uct in 1985, after the AIDS risk had 
become known. The bead of the 
service, Michel Garrctta, received a 
four year sentence and Dr. Allain. 
the chief researcher, two years. The 
other two doctors got suspended 

The petition said that scientific 
knowledge about contamination 
was uncertain in 1985, that the 
problems in France had been no 
wane than in other countries and 
that the four doctors had under- 
gone “trial by media.” 

The appeal from the Nobd lau- 
reates on Dr. Allain’s behalf said 
that the French media had created 
a climate of hostility that made it 
impassible for him to be given a 
fair trial 

Cambridge University in Britain 
has said h wifi take back Dr. Afiain 

as a professor as soot as he has 
completed his sentence. Colleagues 
said ne had been wrongly convicted 
for the negligence of his superiors. 

But the health minis ter, Simone 
Veil opposed the campaigning on 
behalf of the doctors, saying that 
justice had been done.” 

Act Up, a militant AIDS lobby, 
sakl those infected by the disease as 
a result Of the negligence of Dr. 
Garrctta and his colleagues had 
been “betrayed and insulted” by 
the petitions. 

drug trafficking cases, up 32 per- 
cent from 1992. Reported thefts 
and robberies numbered 450,000, 
roughly 20 percent more than in tbe 
previous year. Mr. Bai said tbe rate 
trf criminal offenses reached 20 pa 
10,000 people in China in 1993. 

Scientists Isolate Gene Linked to Bone Disorder 


'the original’ 

Just tell the taxi driver, 
“Sank roa doe ruxt 
5. rue Daunou Paris (Opera) 

. TeL: ( 1 ) 42 . 61 . 71 .14 « 

By David Brown 

Washmguei Past Semee 

WASHINGTON — Medicine 
may one day be able to use a simple 
genetic test to identify people at 
increased risk of osteoporosis — a 
common disorda characterized by 
thin, brittle bones — and to do so 
early in life when preventive efforts 
aimed at strengthening the skeleton 
are most useful 

That is tbe implication of new 
research, reported Thursday in the 
journal Nature, which found that 
almost half tbe variation in tbe 
bone density of adults appears to 

be die result of variations in a sin- 
gle gene, rather than diet or envi- 

In general a person’s propensity 
to devefop low bone density is de- 
termined about 60 percent by he- 
redity and about 40 percent by var- 
ious environmental factors such as 
dietary intake of calcium, amount 
of exercise, especially during youth, 
and tbe prevalence of smoking. 

The new research by Australian 
scientists found that most of tbe 
genetic contribution to bone densi- 
ty came from one gene that in- 
structs cells bow to make receptors 

for vitamin D, the substance that 
largely controls absorption and use 
of caldum. They discovered that 
some forms of that gate are associ- 
ated with Iowa bone density. 

A co-author of the study, Philip 
l Sambrook, said he did not be- 

N. Sambrook, said he did not be- 
lieve tbe findings “should be 
viewed as preordaining people to 
osteoporosis.” But if a test can de- 
tea tnose with the low-density vari- 
ants, he said, “it does open up tbe 
potential to target interventions." 

Osteoporosis is a major hazard 
of old age, especially for women. 
Hip fractures in the elderly often 

initiate a downward spiral of illness 
leading to immobility, admission to 
nursing homes, and in about ooe- 
quarter of cases, death within six 
months. Osteoporosis severe 
enough that it leads to fractures 
tends to run in families. 

Possible interventions to prevail 

osteoporosis include: urging young 
women at genetic risk of tbe condi- 

women at genetic risk of tbe condi- 
tion to participate in vigorous, 
weight-bearing athletics during the 
period of bone growth; use of calci- 

nm and possibly vitamin D supple- 
ments. and estrogen replacement 
after menopause. 

ists checked the wreckage far dues^ 

It was the second inridart in- 
volving an Airbus plane this week. 
Earlier, an Airbus A-330, the twin-' 
engined, Aorter-range cousin of 
the A-340, had to return to Paris 
Oriy airport when its landing gear 
failed to retract after takeoff; 

The A-330, which can carry more 
than 330 passengers and was mak- 
ing oily hs second c ommer cial 
flight, landed safely. It was on an 
Air Inter flight from Paris Oriy to 
Toulouse with. 139 passengers. Air 
Inter is the domestic sendee of Air 1 

The aircraft that burned went 
into sovice in June, rate rf the first 
to do so. 

Air France declined to identify 
die in t ended destination of the A- 
340, which is one of only seven in 
service with the company. The car- 
rier uses A-340S on its routes to 
Latin America and North America 
and was planning to introduce it on 
Asian routes tins year. Air France 
has placed firm orders fra five more 
A-340s and holds options for 12. 

The A-340, which can ca n y 263 
to 295 passengers, is desgned for 
kmg routes that are relatively thin- 
ly traveled. One established a dis- 
tance record last year by flying 
from Paris to New 7ea\mA and 
bad: with oily one stop. 

A spokesman fra Air France said 
there would be no disruptions to 
service because the destroyed air- 
craft would be replaced by Boeing 
747s in the company’s fleet The 
747 has a higher passenger capacity 
and bums more fuel 

°the Dutch edkst the Tkarafaark Mu&aj faaid. OfficMy Vwd. it was 
bdkvcd 'thfe patiadc came from n fr ogh tra dal ka « contmna off 
France in December . (AFP) 

. Csadioila wffl stage a pedfc* race riertnwnflitokidtoff aseriesof 
events aimed at helping to shed its war hnaffl, the Tourism' Mimstiy 
, announced Thptsday. - -JJ/ .. (dJ*) 

A typfcoaaiaged jostuffthe Great Barrier Reef on Thursday, battering 
the Australian northeast coast with gale forte winds and high seas. 
Authoring said it had killed 10 pecplc- At leak nine peopfe were missing 
and^resumed drowned off Papua New Gnirwa’s southeast tip. (AP) 
uand Canyoa ft looting i6_ Oaib own nwii j ng, even a ban on cars. 
“Yen can easily spend an hour and a half of a two-hour visit just looking 
fra a place to park,” a spokesman said. In summer day, about 20,000 
viators 'and AOOO care pass through daily. There are fewer than 2,000 

parking plabcs. . . (AP) 

Sfeandfaarfan AHnes System will begin tljree. weekly flights between 

dons in Os^to'^tonba, SAS officials ^said Thms2ay! (5fpj 

He avy snow in An Morocco — farced road dosingr and 
marooned groups of tourists at resorts. . (Reuter) 

Nigeria t h reate n ed to aqpaM smetitws against international airlin es 
that seQ tickets in foreign currencies. Some carriers had urged local travd 
agents to stop dealing m Nigoia’s overvalued currency. (AFP) 


IlfV . . ^ 

*2. : 

!?-**■ -1 



Arafat and Peres Will Seek $5^7 


CAIRO — Tbe PLO chairman, 
Yasser Arafat, and Foreign Minis- 
ter Shiman Bates of Israel will try 
to put the Isradi-PLO peace deal 
bade on trade vdnai tixy travet to 
the funeral of the man who bro- 
kered iL 

the Egyptian fordgn minister, 
Amr Moossa, sakl that Mr. Arafat 
and Mr. Peres would mt r*. rat Sat- 
urday in Norway, where both wifi 
attend the funeral of rise Norwe- 

snags and Israeli troops have not 
yet withdrawn as envisioned under 
.thejplan.. . 

“It is expected that Arafat and 

« is expected that Arafat and 
Fans anil meet in Oslo on Saturday 
f or more diacuasaana on the negoti- 

Mimt hftaniM riu— » U. W/m»o 

5^- ■ 

.Mr. Holst oversaw secret negoti- 
ations that led to the peace agree- 
ment signed in Washington inSep- 
lember, uoder which Isad and the 
PLO agreed to limited Pakstiman 
sdf-nile in the Gaza Strip and Jeri- 

The accord has win* run mfn 

dent Hosni Mubarak of Egypt 
. He said that Mr. Arafat would 
retem to Cairo in die middle of 
next week for more 
with Mr. Mubarak after Bis meet- 
ingvwth bfc Peres. 

^There is a good chance that a 
Pakstiman-Isradi agre ement will 
be Teadied soon,”- Mr. Moossa 

The talks between die Palestine 
Liberation Organization and land 
oh carrying ool thesetf-nile accord 
have beat staBed ova security is- 
sues. • 

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Special Counsel Weather Adds to Woes of Homeless Quake Survivors 

Former Federcd Prosecutor 
Expects to Question Clintons 

:*■£*• &* 

By David Johnston 

Atew Par* 7lR|erSeito, :_ 

Was a snail investment firm set up 
to assist disadvantaged businesses. 
Theoompany’s Comer owner, Da- 

WASHINGTON Attorney' former owner, , Pa* 

General Janet Reno muted Robert ^ .is facag tnal for 

B. Fiske Jr, a former US. attorney 
in New York, as an independent 
prosecutor cm Thursday with a' 
broad mandate for. conduc ting a 
criminal investigation of Prc^dcui 
B£D Clinton's ^aajnp m 


Mr. Fiske, a Republican. said the 

ly nsqmre him to question the presi- 

fratto in little Rode, Arkansas, has 
accused Mr. Clinton, and _Mr. 
McDoiagal ' of pressuring' him U> 
xnakeatraoduleat loans backed by 

The scope of the inqtmy meant 
that; Mn Fiskewouid examine 
events daring Mr. CButon's years 
asgovcmor as wdl as matters after 
he. became president, including 

^the^WWte Ho^ handled an 
oatiL • ^Tr* . . .. jnqmry mto the suicide last sum- 

“I i hint fhic « « ’W of Vincent W. Foster Jr, the 


“I think this is a vary important 
assignment,” Mr. Fiske sakL “l 
think this is important for the 

Mr. Fiske said at a press bottler- 
ence that Ms. Reno nad granted 
him a “very broad” charter to pur- 
sue “a complete, thorough: amli im- 
partial” inquiiy. 

; deputy White House counsel whose 
ffles on Wbiiewalerhavc been sub- 

^M^Lkewas un^^to^^tate 
how long the investigation might 
last, bat he said would leaws his. 
New York law firm Monday to 
begin work and would "go flu out 

His reputation as a codly deter- 

mined prosecutor, coahbined with ' ’ Mn Rake said he riannofto 
the wi£ scope of bis authority,. 

suggested that the inquiry into the 81 'be center of gravity* of the 

. °Wjite Hook aides slid tteCTn- 

Complied by Our Staff From Dispatches 

LOS ANGELES - A chilly 
night and rain on the way lent ur- 
gency on Thursday to efforts to 
find shelter for the tens of thou- 

workers to worry that the very old 
and tbe very young would suffer 
respiratory ailments. 

Rain was expected by Saturday 
night, S tonus could also wreak fur- 

sands of people driven from their tber havoc with the region’s cnirn- 

homes by the earthquake. 

bled freeway system and with daro- 

“We need to get those people aged homes aim businesses. 

out," said a spokeswoman Tor the 
Recreation and Parks Department 
“It's unhealthy out there." 

About 20.000 people were camp- 
ing in the dry's parks, said the 
spokeswoman, Jackie Tatum. 
Many more slept in couDiy parks as 
the overnight temperature dipped 
into the mid-40s FahrenbdL 

The sheriffs department said the 
death toll had risen to 51, based on 
the latest report from the coroner's 
office. The toll from the earthquake 
also includes 4.800 injured and up 
to S30 billion in damage- 
Earthquake victims swamped 
federal disaster cotters on Thors- 

ln Washington, President Bill day pleas for emergen^ aid 
Clinton gave California a S100 mil- *tfrcr the U.S. government relief co- 
lion advance for earthquake repair ordinating body, the Federal Emer- 

oo Thursday and announced a five- gency Management Agency, began 
day extension, until Jan. 25, of 100 opening I i centers to offer one- 
percent federal fin an dug for emer- stop assistance for low-interest 
gicney services in the state. The ac- loans, bousing, or counseling. 

(ions were in addition to the S140 Many grocery stores were still 
million in aid that Mr. Clinton closed, with canned goods and oih- 

msde available Wednesday for er food strewn over floors. 

earthquake victims. 

A White House statement said 
the S100 million advance would 
come from an emergency fund and 

Residents flooded consumer hot 
lines with reports of price gouging, 
complaining of merchants charging 
as much as S65 for pizza and $10 

the wide scope of his authority, 
suggested that the inquiry into me 
Clintons’ real estate investments in 
their home state HkeJy would to- 
■main a serious dittxtetxo&ifbi; the 
adminis tration fpr' mrmrhf . 

Moreover, the thmrig of the an- 
nouncement, on the first anmveraa- 
jy of the president's inauguration, 

seemed to underscore site" cross- 
winds buffeting the White Home: 
Mr. Clinton tods bisjpopulaiity 
rising after a year in office even as 
be faces an inquiry into his past 

Mr. Fiske said brbad set rite 
parameters of tber investigation 

would be used “for all repairs to /or a ^ (3 7 Uxe ^ of ^ 
local aty and state infrastructure • ; 

and facilities.’’ Not , «« Hollywood was spared 

Thousands of Los Angeles- area Tv, v w C rw^n n-r 
commuters rose hours before dawn ^ a \l or ’ 
on Thursday to get an early jump ? Van Dyke suffered damage to 
on ihdr^ruing drive. They sue- homes and busmen. 

. wnncnoDscatacssammeum- ju± w*jn*/R«*£n 

wo '^ J cooperate with : Mr. President Bffl Qiitfon with water dqwrtment workers, viewing damage in Nortfaridge, Cafifonria, the epicenter of the earthquake. 
Fiske. Asked about Mr. Fiskes in- 
tention to intexview the dmtms - 

SSSi Higher Marks for Economy, and Clinton 

with that when it cmaea." ' C7 v 

Some Republican lawmakers „ Richard L Rerke when Americans were more critical by the faa that it coincided with cent said it was either very bad or 

who were loudest m mgmg hfr. ofhimthantheyhadbeeaofany Mr. Clinton's European trip. fairly bad. 

pinion to appomt^ someone from vjttw Ynnir Fnr t)v new preadent since World War 1L The president's higher marks The one-point difference is not 

otilsufcthe gwenm^-to rnvesti- r overaD are owed partly to the ap- simificant; the poll, of 1,146 

vestment Ban. ' - 

He said this included 
Whitewater’s relationship to Madi- 
son Guaranty Savings & Loan, a 
faded financial institution owned 
by James B. McDougal the. Gut- 
tons' bo sin ess ' partner ’in 
Whitewaier, and another company, 
Cental Management Services Inc. 

Capital Management Services 

By Ri^rdL. Bake 

ion to appoint someone from 

ide the govdnmmt to investi- NEW YORK — *For the first 

the caseseemed satisfied with ? m ^.^* c ? risct ^ lhe «« sa0 ? 
.. - MtnnrnttviMit utmid-1990 1 theniiinba-ofAiiien- 

himself. eMbhnghtmtoddvemU). ^tteaRxxntmOTL cans expressing confidence in the 

Miy relevant area related to i Rqjtt^tative Tim Xeach of up to those 

Whitewater Land Developmettl Jowa sa»4 “The attorney general -SL. iL -- 

Co^theOinto^ real estate iOr cotrfiS^ latest Ti- 

vemaent firm. ■ . - : v . an m&wdnal of a^ppnate back- 

He said this • inclnded ground and mtmity . . . . 
Whitewater's relationship to Madi- . Hie Senate RqwbHcari leader, . . The ^^h^restorePres- 

when Americans were more critical by the faa that it coincided with cent said it was either very bad or 
of him than they had been of any Mr. Gin ton’s European trip. fairly bad- 
new preadent since World War 1L The president's higher marks The one-poim difference is not 
Now Mr. Clinton’s popularity overaD^ owed par^ to the tm- significant; the poll, of 1,146 
compares favorably to las post- p^tiySOpereentrfthewaybe adults, had a margin of samphng 
WaKS: predecessors on tSir « handlmg roragn pohey, up from error of plus or minus 3 percentage 
first anniversaries in office. Ronald 38 porxni in November. points. 

Reagan had a 49 percent approval while 66 percent of theropon- There were several other signs of 
ratine at this stage, while Jimmy dems W ov “ Mr. Cbntons the public’s more positive econom- 
Gu?» had 51 patent. George 'P 0 *^ * ow “ d ? USfla *. ,t ** d “ r ic mood: Seventy-six percent said 
Bush was at 76 percent, but that gm many Americans do not be- f or most people it was a good time 

heve that be has been tested on »* hmrn (wri«l un from 61 neicent 

of him iban they had been of any 
new president since World War it 

Now Mr. Clinton’s popularity 

by the faa that it coincided with 
Mr. Clinton’s European trip. 

The preadent’ s higher marks 

, auv vvibw j.\w w m au > c , n*Tl /n i* | 

Bob Dole of Kansas, seemed less went Bffl Qmtms 

Watergate predec^sors on thdr i°52EJS !? V 

first anniversaries tn office. Ronald _ 

R«.«m hfld a 40 imnmvHl . Wc 66 P*** ^ ^ «spon- 

ic mood: Seventy-six percent said 
for most people it was a good time 

wu wau v* axiuwiu. juwiw *vou t , . - . --- » -f «■ 

committal tottetaghwlevdteeqoyedwhen 

“IdM’ttow.aiMHslt.bat , 

my reaction is to wait and see vriiat After one year of Mr. Clinton s 

htqjpats,” he said. "TheyVe chosen ^d<mcy,54 pen»ntpfthejrabBc 
someone. That’s what we asked Ske the way he is h andlin g h is job, a 
them to do.* striking r^oimd from last somnier, 

vw in part to thft p^iWi^s x?nv- UCVG uuu UG u 

ing behind him after the American 
invasion of Panama and the col- More Amenc 
lapse oT communism. a £ ut **“ eco ? c 

r «| KjAitf rtifaninHn 

More Americans are concerned 
about the economy at home than 
about international affairs, and 42 

The nationwide telephone poll percent approve of the way Mr. 
was taken Saturday through Mon- Clinton is h andling the economy, 
day and was no doubt t 


J_~ m — ^ aovkra, Donna E Stalala, and the health 

Tafclwg a Byf Bruce C Via- 

ASlflNRTON tw fa - H«i nf tiv?.' .ydeckf«Mhb ^a opitoBd aalS Hullkm cotdract 

tan and phase it m &xhd 1996 to 1998. (WP) 

excerpts from the notes of Mr. Shultz's top 
aides. . . _ _ 

will dectnanctily pty .vead^' nil of the l 
hiUian bills that Metncaxe health insurance 
for ddedy and disabled Americans covers 
each year. BatdS ri a ri es. of tite goveou ne n t al - 
program wffl only have to hand their Meffir 
care card to iffieffdoctb!rs.hc>sj^ 
lies or muring homes to make sure their balls 
get paid. - ’ j 

Once a patient’s jdattification numba is . 
into a - tenmnri at a hospital' or 
doctor's office, the oompnter will comrote^ 
how much Medicare owes, deoxomcalty 
transfer that mnoont to the doctor's or .nospi- 
tafs bank account, calculate how much an 
individuaTs sm^demaital insuranoe palky 
owes, and 'antomatiial^ bill for that If tte 
Medicare benefidasy has no supplemental 
insura nce, tte government computer wui bul . 
the indiv^nal fra whatever is owai. 

lined by^f^oetazy of Israwf^^-hindau 

Away From Politfes 

• Loran Bobbitt ent off her taslMufe fienh 
in “a cakadaied and mabcaous act Ojf rcvaige" 
fra an abusive marriage, dm prosecutor raid. 

According to the notes of one aide, M. 
Cbaries Hffl, the seczemy of state was star- 
tled to leant of how deeply Mr. Bash was 
involved in the affair. (LAT) 

icnced reflecting a slow but steady climb 
from 38 percent in November and 
34 percent in September. 

After years in which most people 
were downbeat about the economy, 
the poll found that 50 percent 
op viewed the economy as either very 
good or fairly good, while 49 per- 

to buy a house, up from 61 percent 
just before Mr, Clinton took office. 

There has been a marked decline 
in the number of Americans who 
say they believe someone in their 
family will be out of work and 
looking for a job in the next year, 
those fears have receded to 21 per- 
cent, from 40 percent a year ago. 

And in a particularly optimistic 
indicator, 31 percent said the econ- 
omy was "getting better,** sharply 
up from 19 percent in November 
and 14 percent in September. 

ceeded in a way: They were the first 
to be stuck in uaffi&. 

Cars lined up for miles in severe 
traffic jams as motorists detoured 
around wrecked sections of the 
sprawling freeway system. Fog 
complicated the problems as some 
motorists dodged frightened, stray 
animate that ran onto highways. 
Commutes that normally take 90 
minutes were lasting up to sax 
hours. Highway repairs were ex- 
pected to take up to 18 months. 

Getting people out of encamp 
ments and makeshift quarters in 
their own front yards and into 
more more permanent shelter is a 
top priority, said Henry G. Cisne- 
ros. the U.S. secretary of Housing 
and Urban Development. 

“We're finding more housing 
was HnmngpH than we thought,” be 
said in an interview with ABC -TV 
from the San Fernando Valley. 

“When yon fly ova it you reafly 
can’t see the problem. But then you 
get down on the road or in front of 
the bouse and you see that it’s fall- 
en off its foundation and it is com- 
pletely unsafe and is going to have 
to be demolished.” 

Temperatures dropped to the 
nrid-40s Fahrenheit (from 6 to 8 
degrees centigrade) on Wednesday 
night and the humidity stood at 90 
percent, prompting doctors and aid 

(Reuters. A P) 

Still Ticking: 

The ^Big One 9 


PASADENA. California — 
Los Angeles residents, still 
reding from Monday's 6.6- 
magmlude earthquake, are 
growing panicky that the 
much-feared “Big One" is 
coming Scientists say they 
have good reason to be afraid 

“The chances are about 30 
percent over the next 30 
years," said Kerry Sieh, a geol- 
ogist at the California Insti- 
tute of Technology. And the 
odds will increase as time goes 
by. be wanted. 

The “Big One" is the long- 
forecast earthquake expected 
to have a magnitude of 8.0 or 
more on the Richter scale. A 
8.0 quake could cause tremen- i 
dous damage; it would be 40 
times more powerful titan 
Monday's temblor. The 1906 . 
quake that devastated San 
Francisco has been put at 83. 

SpjcyCpmwHW»i» From MiuH» Quote/llnquoto 

WASHINGTON — George F. Shultz, seo- Representative frefl 

the -Reagan ftdniiflistflif erst of Indign a, op Bobb 
tiria, 'considered Vice President George Bush conference, at wtridi he 
a^ “soperfidaT poEtiaan who was “up to Ws nation lo be defense seen 
ears” in the fran-contra scandal He dts- a person is rejecting a pc 

about President Ronald Reagan's secret arms 
sales to Iran than he later admitted to Con- 
gress; according to the independent counsel 
on the Iran-contra affair; Lawrence E Walsh. 

ban under extrane stress when she attacked 
John Wayne Bobbitt. “This $ri L was cram- 
bfingT said Mrs. Bobbitt’s attorney, Blair 
Howard. “She was faffing apart.” The pros®-' 
ottor. Maty Grace O’Brien, conceded the 


not the “reign tara^ depicted by the do- 

about the scandal involving secret arms sales 
to Iran^Mr, Walsh’s final reprat. made public 
this week, dad include sane startlingly ^alty 

• Th&coiBt lt ath j n tf ty of die mBtmy justice 
sy^mliasiKUiqisjdbydK.UB. Supreme 
Court, which tmanimoasly rejected argnmenls 
that judges were subject to iimirt^inflnenice 

- by the naBary superiors /who select them. 

• A dM or ttessiger b UM by genfiro every 
two hoars in tbe United States, the Cbjldren’s 
Defense Fuad said. It called fra stronger 
regulation of the sale; manufacture and pos- 
session of tKutsporti&g .firearms. 

• Three efaUnen, ages 4, 5 and 6, eangbt 

done m Oacago with nothing to eat, the 
police said. Cai^hl shOThfting, they told the 
store cferik:they were hungry. The dak let 

Representative Lee H. Hamilton, Demo- 
crat of on Bobby Ray Inman's news 

conference, at wtneb he withdrew his nomi- 
nation to be defense secretary: “Ordinarily, if 
a person is irejecting a positron, he conies out 
and says. Thank you, Mr. President, it has 
been an honor, but I’ve thought about it and 
rgect the nomination fra the following rear 
sons.’ One, two three. Then yon sat down and 
it’s ova with. Inman’s news conference was 
extraordinary, one of the most amazing 
events I’ve seen in Washington, a stream of 
consciousness that confirmed the fact that he 
was not going to be comfortable in the job. 
And if he was not going to be comfortable, be 
was not going to be a good secretary." (7W7J 

them go. A neighbor child learned about the 
incident and cold a parent, who called the 
police. The parents, Sandra Brandon, 26, and 
Ehrte Holmes, 27, were charged with child 
neglect The children were placed in state 

• Rodney King, whose beating by potice offi- 
cers led to (be 1992 Los Angeles riots, was put 
on three years* probation and ordered to pay 
SI, 438 in fines and court costs after a no- 
contest plea to a drunken driving charge. 

• The fife expectancy for men fn New York 
City has deemed for the first time in a century 
because of AIDS, state officials said. It went 
from 685 years in 1981 to 68j6 years in 1991. 


B IS* * XL \ First Pri; 

I $600 

bon ° na SecondPrize 

$300 cash 

^ $120 cash 

>* ,-i to? ^ third Prize 

Classified Valentine Message Contest 

Every year on February 14th, more and more people 
use the Trib’s classified section to send a greeting to the Valentine 
of their choice and some of them get pretty creative. 

Rebels Caught Mexico Army Unprepared 

This inspired us to have some fttn with our 
readers by launching a contest tor the most original 
classified Valentine. Here’s how it works. 

Print your classified message on the form 
below — rnmirnnm 3 lines — and mail it to your 
nearest IHT office together with your remittance 
or your credit card reference. Your ad will run on 

Valentine's day Monday. February 14th and that 
evening the jury will meet to select the winners. 
The results wtii be published in the IHTS edition 
of Monday. February 21 SL 

So have some fun with us, wherever you 
may be. Get your creative juices flowing and send 
in your entry today. 

By Tod Robberson 

WasktogW* PM Serrtoe 

MEXICO CITY -T-. The unex- 
pected rebeffion by In (fimpeasmts 
ttamonlh forced the Mncu nfr 
itary to abandon its traditiaQal low 
profile and wage . war through ite 
jungles of southern Mexico, a job 
mflltary experts say it was iB-pro- 
pared, underfunded and poody 
equipped w take on. - ' _ 

ffuthnr of a 1992 book ontbe Mesa- 
can mflitary. , ~ 

■ : He said the army’s only prewbns 
countcdnsatrgexicy dpenenbe was 

d tzrisg a smalt posaffl uprising in 
the central state of Gnenao in the 
1970s. Aside from a^Tfew gbends 
who may have witnessed that fight- 

not known dnoet-oomhat 

liberation Army 

four towns and several viBages on 

Jan. 1, and h«M than to 24 hows 

without dfflDenge 

aot only represented an embaims* 

matt for the Mexican mibia iy am l 

is marc Sidy to'have been in pro- 
vkfinR disaster ri^^dridbiMsbr 

ed a failure of their 
apparatus, military esqjerts saw, • 
witness an overhaul of ihe inuit«cy 
command structure and Weston, 
with the anny withdrawing 
roles of fighting drug u?f£ick^ 
. _ m chwXS ano 

ing cmapiaaKu puoac nKumcs. 
the 105,000 soJkKroon active duty, 
only 2SJOOO are assigned to fitting 
dreg tralficict^which. militaiy an- 
alysts say is lhe ctasest a Mexican 
addier wamaltyqoojcs to conihal. 

Modern Uanay^has never had 
to fear or prepare ewensredy fra 
war ^grinsi abostflefraagn ene- 
my, basicalfy becan* it has a vety 

iUIU Ul — 

instead putting a new focus on 
counterinsurgency, according to 
forrign analysts- 
“While theoretically they «e 

combat-ready, in reaEtytbtfyrcahy 

& explore in. tl«W of 
combar they're seongm 
1 said Roderic A. Camp, 

Univeraty political sweausi and 

former U5, Embassy mflitary ana- 
bin. ‘They pm vay Jittie emphasis 
mx offensra operations ana most, 
of it m defensive' tnasmg because 
ttear Attitude i^'WewcSdhever 
attack anybody, so why would any- 
one attack tw** 

The anny is believed to have hid 
. fejwar thaa^ 4,000 troops in Qtiiq»s 
atthe-tute of tteZajatistaTipris- 
mg, with nany. of them on leave 
bewnse of yttMnd hoBdays. By 
timing ♦lympnnng for the predawn 

hours of New Year’s Day, the Za- 
. patistas .caught the tmhtajy at its 
weakest moment, experts said. 

- Most of the Zapatista fighters 
encountered by journalists in Chia- 
pas appeared tot* Mayanpeasants 
who said they were fighting against 

discrimination, poverty and years 
Of government neglect. Govern- j 
meat officials said the rebel leader- , 
shro, however, appeared to be non- , 
Indian, educated- and weO-versed 
maocrrilfe warfare. 

Fewer than 200 rebels were able 
to hold San CristAbal de las Casas 
—which with 90.000 people is the 
states second4argest ciw — fra 24 
hows unchallenged by me army. 

When they withdrew to sur- 
rounding mountains on Jan. 2, the 
diy was withotu a miliiary pres* 
cope for several boons until a small 
army rant moved htto the central 
. phea m tbe late afternoon. On Jan. 
3, paratroops began efforts to root 
the rebels oat of other urban cat- 

At an army battalion headquar- 
ters teas than 10 miles (16 Iritome- 
ters) from San Crist6baL trows 
canto nmkr steady rebel attack for. 

eig ht straight days, hasting their 

aMity to redeploy and engage the 
Zapatistas in tite heavily wooded 

Rajardtes Of the reasons for the 
annys dw reaction, analysts said. 

the rebel uprising is almost certain 
to provokeoianges in the mffiiarYs 
command structure, role in society 
and levels of funding. 


PARIS: 181 Avenue Charles-de-Gnulle. 92521 Neuilly Cedex, France. Tel.: 133-1 ) 46 37 93 85. Fax: 46 37 93 70. 

□ My check 
is enclosed 

Card account number 


we pamper you. 

Please run my 

Valentine message in the IHT 

on Monday, February 14, 1994. 

D Visa Q MaserCartl C3 Access 

D&awand Daiw» D Dinas Can) expiry diKfi 

□ Please charge my 
credit card account: 


3 lines 4 lines 


W5.00 saoo 



Please call: 

[ Phone 030/83131 
I Telefax 030/433 44 

[^beF^a/Bn fib tds of tit eVIbridj 

l%abncoficirtuL?.am»ifi«nnaf25kflers, Qty/Coum 

synirts arspoasi M other lines up 10 3& 


MmwiWTJ space utxqitedi three lines Td/Tckx. 



N ( 

I .! 

: i 













6 . 



■" .1 Aa.. V r ■ ■« ■ > 

-■ -- i - i ro 1 

As Asia Navies Grow, Fears of Broader Arms Race Mount 

By Michael Richardson 

Intanatmtai Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — A major naval buildup in East 
Asia, a rcsuli of political rivalries, offshore territorial 
disputes and uncertainty about the future power bal- 
ance in the region, threatens to touch off a broader 
arms race that will be difficult to bait and could lead to 

conflict, analysts said Thursday. 

A report by The New York Tunes that North Korea 
has begun purchasing 40 attack submarines from 
Russia’s Pacific Fleet points to one of the main factors 

much of the region has been replaced by a focus on 
modem naval and air forces to support sew economic 
and security interests and to project national influ- 
ence," said Paul Dibb, head of the Strategic and 
Defense Studies Center at the Australian National 
University in Canberra. 

He said that East Aria’s widespread economic pros- 
perity would enable real growth in nrilitaiy spending 

in Aria 


is now a researcher at the East-West Center in Hawaii, that the end of the OjW War made . 
qiri that America was bein g viewed as a country that "fluid and unpredictable.’’ Countries such as! 
was diminishing its role in East Aria, "despite protes- with outdated nrihiaiy equipment must upgrade ibar 
ra tio ns uj jhe cuiitiaty.** capability “to prepare for die worst scenario," he 

And it is far that reason, be said, that China secs a added, 
power vacuum which it feds it *** n “very readily” HL Mr. Dibb said that even smaller East Asian coun- 
He said that China had baDt up its fleet of destroy- tries could afford tobuy modem ships, submarines 
era, frigates and other major surface vessels io 59 in and aircraft armed with missies. 

1993, froth 27 in 1981. “This trend will accelerate as the ILS, Britain, 

In the same period, Taiwan's fleet expanded to 57 France, Germany and Italy compete with eachothe, 
from 35. Japan’s to 63 from 48 and South Korea’s to and with Russia and China, fora share of thelncraine 

fueling the buildup — the ready availability of weap- 

ons as major suppliers compete for slices of the Asian 
arms market. 

Many of the Russian diesel submarines being trans- 
ferred to North Korea are 20 to 30 years old, and most 
reports say they are to be cut up for scrap. But experts 
say they could be used as sources of spare parts for 
North Korea's existing fleet of 24 submarines. 

and the introduction of more high-technology military 
equipment to continue. 

Mr. Dibb said that controlling the spread of ad- 
vanced conventional weapons in North Aria —where 
there are entrenched animosities or suspicions be- 
tween North and South Korea, China and Taiwan, 
Chi na and Japan, and Japan and Korea — would be 

42 from 20. 

According to the International Institute for Strate- 
gic Studies m London, China bad 45 submarines m 
1993, Japan 14, Taiwan 4 and South Korea one. 

The institute said that “major naval ontes” had 
been placed or were being planned by Australia, 
Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, South Korea, Taiwan and 

— — ., “very difficult.” He added that “the strategic couse- 

tsssuL “ nrasiriaed sata »dd p™ hw 

Aaan arms market, "he said. 

Bflveer Sigh, a senior lecturer in political science at 
the National Univesrity of Singap o r e, sad fhrnn 
already had the third largest submarine fleet, in the 
world and was transforming its surface fleet into a 
formidable oceangoing navy. 

Many countries in Southeast Aria fear that China 
will use its naval, air and amphibious gowes to enforce 


Asia-Pacific region is the acquisition 
by rhina, Japan, Taiwan and South Korea — of 
modem, long-range naval might that could be de- 
ployed for offensive as well as defensive purposes. 

“The earlier em phasis rat ground forces oriented to 
internal security and border protection throughout 

The outbade in the size of the U.S. Navy to save 
money following the end of thcC&d War is contribut- 
ing to the expansion of Asian naval power. 

Joseph R. Morgan, a retired UJ>. navy captain who 

T hailand ^ 

Although the main focus of concern in the arms its claims to sovereignty over the 

buildup is Northeast Asia, many countries in South- Islands and virtually the whole of the* South 
east Aria, fearful of larger regional powers, are also Sea. 
buying advanced missile-equipped ships to protect “There is a very clear mifitaiy imhalan^ qnetgng 
traderoutts and maritime interests such as ofl and gas in the South China Sea region and this does not 
fields. well for the peace and stability of the region, 

Najib Razak, the Malaysian defense minister, said Singh said. 




kjoncna-Ooui frorf my bed loco- 



NO. 36 


Appnxu nefely 28,000 me boded in 
flto End K ootena y area c i Bntofi 
Cdnmlxa. CjuJu. Timber & Ovidnes 
true grooKfira, dmofapnaftf pafen M , 
Ute nortaga, wUb, my tone. fa 
area of <*«■* round dev el opment. 

i only contact Ur. Scott at 208/ 

USA for 

0 (ghoraj ot 2C8/7B&3867 (FAX) 
j i piji motion 



Vto, properriibnd & 
far rert or «4t Good ag 
the mrnniai of dm 

Far mare riarmanen, cortad: 



2SAtewdeb Coda 
MC 99000 Monfe-Carto 
Tet 93 25 15 00. Fat 93 25 35 33 

faedenti d area A Rad Bragcm. 

4X1 sqm bakfag {4 raormona L 600 
iqiq, tread gotten. Frdeaion j ea 
port*. Oftn.- hut (33) 93361901 

\ Bacukfri 175 sqjn, 6 roo m^ 1 re etfi 
room, 3 baths, fweptaea iw* « dec- 


after 7£m CTO 9336. fat 4272 8510 


3 mono, 7* & tap floor, 83 xyn. + 
85 jqjn. roof terrace, aS redone, iw 

r boat & mooring n foan port. 
Q 93 38 44 26 rat 93 39 rt45 


T* (33) 93 50 25 Q fat 93 2S 3? 79 

NKfc Coder city. Smal bu*£ng 
aurfafcfa far m ma da tr job. Nee* 
wart, fax USA QQS3BM2S1 


van oooo bwestmb«. 

old matron boded in the bed 
twghtwfiood. me r Stangart Wed 
Gwrwjiy in me best place . fbsstf- 
rty for h ared an d pofaoiand OSS, 
w m i pedcdncBi zone. Cenritednc 
1722. Hahra* 50 lam. Ground floor. 
l»*qj& (Shop < : Office pcratM. Id 

+ 130 

1 son. Upper Fbor TOaua 

4 m. oefaVPrtc* DJA. 1J2 M. 

Tefc Fnnz [33 93 89 IP 78 faraw- 


13*6 15ft ranf. CHATEAU 

USTH3 SMK Mony 1 

fresmei. chapel turmeh. < 

4 bedraam. more possible, numerous 
outboUngt fedbdng int wa ta j IS* 
Cert, farmbouw. 10000 bur LAND. 
Td/Foc (331 99 66 S3 84 

Vr HOUR AVTQN0N + 2 bus From 

tttm, (iMiriaw oodem vfc.^ 5^ 747 

stjm, fiyng space 243 sqm, 
roam, 2 bot l e uu na big terrace, 
■feud view. 2 typicxd ala oonstrvc- 
tiara m pari eg Manrt ernf Capte- 

wdBfbg & gmirfeause. oUw trees & 
a wrl nrifi a pump. Price French Frv 
2L750J00. Tet 8dmum 32-2-3C6117. 

TOURISTIC VUAOE - lots of chmoder 
8 bm bam N rjbor me, 60 bn from 
Perpignan foirum tl 8 be from 
beaches AiBy icnowded Zfewd home 
+ huge tensed with vHage & Idne 
view £cx*ngl 190 sqm 4 large bed- 

u 11100 Boast 

8USTO, rue *1 Qiataou ' 

305El Ftn 



B^m . 1 



Ten dam renovafton of OU> PA1ACT 
5 Dedroatns, ter ued i iu n i na ISO d»m 
+ 50 sqm tenaon, feff onfer, dosed 
peridng^ ^ levri meurity lydem. 

2 mm rrpoi beach Opera, shops. 
Tit owner Paris 33-1-43 54 09 16 
Fax ref. 3464, tHT 33-1-46379370 


jj !5 nirum Gnm 7 Aq_ 

sqm Kvni space, 3 bed- 
room + 7 parable 2.000 Kjm. treed 

bnd pahs tries. Pad, catered terrace, 
pan ora mic «ew, very cnfet Autanxric 
Sprefeer 4khtmg Summ ing lichen. 

bar, baaecue. Justified mt 
Td: (33) 93 60 63 02 (medtime*) 

You'll recenra free of doge 
o fei of setected often 
eorraponcSiig » your denxmd 
hue |33f 67 03 38 39 
P£ - BP 6069. 34030 
MONTOUB cerfen 01, Franca. 

fans tSreo Outlet). VSfage how, 

sqm 1 3 levels spoca. to be 
' Tefc ®3 60 80 07 (bnwBpm). 


Eace u doix / esWt in Tusoxnr, com- 
dotdy renowded. a feg ont v4a from 
1749 sfe m 15 age moniaxed pat, 
9 bedrooms, 7 bda, amn mbrbfe 
floors, ftwcoes, ufea modem tystera, 
pod. Estate of 1000 acres ndwdas 
vineyard aive yoves, regatered gone 
raerve & winery. 
for detafls rf lies vila ar our other 
fire properties phase corttxT: 

The Bed fe tUy, Vtab^o fasado 72, 
50124 Fbrvnor, W*. Tefc 0955) 
223064. hw> 551^712^ 

NEAR nHA-ORA. priced fix eneed- 
ate sob. 4 boefcooms, kxge garden 
too 50 sdn Goif/tmns. Si76fl00 
No tarns. Far 3970 9209817. 



Luxurious, ated uut kr view, son. 

4* floor, I bedroom. 82 Kfctn. 

+ V sqm ferrate, double bring room. 

rivio, calm, maids ream 


F3J7 Mbi Teh (33-1) 47 37 27 00 



Serf. 6vi^giin n .'* C,ai,,,l ' 

jfuuy, wg, Wu ' 

mod’s luum, ox contacts. 
FR50UX)a ALT. 

Tab 1-4503 3385 Twt 1-4503 3861 

FOGi 250 SC 

eestane buUng. Hg 
rand floor, 5 m high 
dy, faring dram 3 b 

fobng 12tft oMury dturdt it 
Wage, 45 m to Paris. Sumy 180 
sqm fiviig sport 2 rank Large 
d ouble Irv ing, firepfika, . boons. 
4 bedrooms, nvazorxnc. 2 brdfis. new 
fekhen, vauhed eefcx, grage. 5 mms 
ta stores, schools, tennis, yrillpw 
efrated rfimr wi* ducks. R 
Td S3- II 6«5 1750 or 4637 


Owrns np 10 0 5 yn. eye 
Lad floor - (ferny of 

Serge Kayser 
TeL (33-U 43 29 60 60 
Fecc (33-1) 43 29 52 58 

Iff! BANK 

Bed a tare with terrace 
3 rooms - rumble bathroom 

SERGE BONAMY (1) 42 88 90 00 

PARE 1 7ft - Bd MAIBWSB 
TOWTMOU5& 8 mm an cowiyod, 

Tefc Pwii! (33-1) 46 33 01 77 
Tefc Provfeces (33) 96 72 30 47 



sqm, hsainoiaty restarad. 
Ovrrwr fet offer 8 pm (1) 64 1 

6*. raa Beaepart»-SL German. 176; 

buidna soperb 65 dfcm, flood 
Wd, m 

vrith fight, fnpfc». nevriy rmewmed 
to highed dandad. FF 22 ejon , 
Tefc <5.29-3073; Fra7 16-9US-9S51 

73. BD Et 
Double «... 
rooms, 5th Hoar. 
f7JDQJ0P Tefc PI 


4 bed- 

45 74 10 99 

tA. NEAR ODEON. XVD* amury 
buri dna 3 3 sqm stucio. 5th floor no 
UL ffaPJOUTd fl)<3 as 82 51 


hmh doas, 93 sqm fkd (2 bet 
fStm. Td O-TVX 33-1 42 94 24 97 

BEAUBOURG ■ M° baduteau,.Qui4 

2 raono, dtarocter. 42 sq 

Id floor. Ffloojog Td ljSO 709 



19 75 

m teOWTRMC | VBjLAR5,^^gL 



5Z Montbrtort. Oi-J 21 1 Gertewr 2 
Td 4122-734 15 4a Fm 734 13 20 


fee M e wpcfeai Museum an Eat 
I SW d - Bull by fanaus Arr«riam 
. (ted For the Woohwxth fixniy in 
the axty 1900's, fieqait arthdectunJ 
ibkrit r et o n ed, inducing notfe Ox- 
way, cofcjrm & fiiqiac e s. 11m wide 
batatane namon, 1765m, 26 Boon + 
roof garden mid tdamm For priwde 
CouncEBaa or mertmart Home. 

Askxn $98 mSan. 


Joan Ambrose 



NVC/Pmfc Avenue/79 & 3 ROOMS 



cent 1 bedroom, 1.5 bedmi in tap 
fofi service condo ns prime Pock fine 
location. Spedaoriar parexamc views 
from 256t Hr. Ei rti tm and dm wMt 
as your badufrnpl Mod's 
service. ffioaShxrianqf 


21 2-891 -7080/Ies. 212-6288057 


Gromerty/Fkriran 2300 Sq. Ft. 


Oassicatly designed 6 detailed, 
this 4 bedroom «qh 3 tumble bade. 
Foyer, formal 

office, 1 — fireplace & co vt. j 

fafchen is parfed fnSfiOD US. 

OA Robert Mam at 212780-2206 
or 212781-0584 (home). 



2 Bedroom/2 Bdhraam, lar ge fa fil 
ding area, bgr garb bkfet 3 

eipasores. Asiira S480K. ALSO 
1 bedroom, mxfle bdhroom, St. 
dates pass Ifeoudt fatchen, 2 
exposures Meg SlfaK. To moke over 
2300 sq. FI. bo* apartments . mrt 
cord tun. Sold together orjmnce. 

Fcsc (212] ISA A»t Mr. G. 


Candm- 00,000+ down/U price 
SI40JXB+. tahouse finen ono - no 
Cd 24 ton. Tefc 9)8665- 
808669-1228 USA 

NYC/W. 57 St - M eh opuaw gver 

Elegant Condo-Frak View 

Designer decorated 2 bedroom, 
25 rmxbfa bade, Jocttti, ftnitara 
cfrionai. Heakh dub, {ryrto dning 

FuSy serviced. 


ZMMBhMN 212-8917084 


NYC/345 E. 52 ST. 2S ROOM/SITOO 

PWPBffia Pfi)-A-TERRE 

Engfeh country 

Embassy Service 

Teh 47^0^005 



dyte kyvd fcnmwt designw. Owing 
tfed fiadt e n vridi 

eafetq datUdfa 
a. low nataancxce S54Q. 

8. BRACXBVRDGE 2128917062 

FOR 1 WEEK OR MORE fegh efas 

' — 2 or 3+ocm apar t am rta . HALT 
Tab 11) 44 13 33 33 



d hetfgi BOCAW BTCOlf COtHff 
beoufitd 90 s y s gtuiii i e Bt, goud 

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2 berficoms. 2 baths. Ga»Ttefce. 

34, Otcnps Bysees. 75008 Para France 
T*6| i 3-1 1 45 62 78 66 
Fa* [33-1) 42 25 00 71 

Bviera Orio 2 beds/2 beds Whi 
Shop, oat tmd maufeens in nearby 
SanOfega S9.95U Cdl USA U15- 
731-113^ leora Message, 


be dr oom + den, wtft roof ricS*. 
Wxfeus derf OM 30S933-90CS. 



ssmai^ air u dive 2 bedroexm Ful 
garage mride, mix Bo- 
jar drrenfijm Cdl Kent 
1049. Suaao 212-349-1168 NY 



Fra owner Nr. Chohli (351-2] 6187655 





For rot Owcr d vS®, 3 to 6 
bedrooms overlocfcng the se^ wifi 
' on Bw se 

(wimning poofc some on t 

19, Bid du General Lederc 
ofelO BEAUUEU-S«+« . 

Tel P3) 9301 04 II Fra (3^ 9301 1196 



& elespt t privrte t yAs rtmar*, 2 twhs. 

I dedy, oral to Hrxrodi. From 
EBO/ieqte TA44 71 581 0618 


VBBC E ZATTBS. Begw t ujcr t . no r 
vdt terrace twbrfetg ccnoL kfcd 
for two. Tefc [39-2) 80S3948 



m aT*araatAS 

PA8J>«5 Tefc (I) 46 14 82 II. tau 
(1)47 72X96, 

MARAS, Z9U8UOUL hkt Rfle 60 

^ a fa^ &’nS , 03 l ao^’ 1 

OWie. Pom Mrobecu 
Ifth flax. 

rtgh dess 

120 sqm + bu fa o ny. Doofate finng. 1 
b edraonn + perian F1BJJ00 net Td 
92 16 14 10 lid 16 tail tram Are) 

4*. HE SAMT LOUS, maphond by 
owner, view an Seine, ran, hnrurioustjr 

furrashed&eqmpped, 90 tamapat- 
maat, 3 roomt tied for 2 person*. 
nSjED chxges rrioded. 1-054 5315 



Tel 1 -47 S3 80 13. Fra 46 51 75 77 

flats, 2 A 3 rooms, fsdJy K 

„ fcnahed A 

earfeped Free now. 10 nw tart Td 
r»l2 75 &5 

ior ewmingiy <1 61 20 

2>*..jXMrt owJgE? 

1-3 tw. 5^00. l-c/tOift/ 


PARS BIBnatJE Short arm with 
service A furrmhed rentals. 3 aiglfe to 
2yBors.Tell-42124040Fo» 1 

LATM QUARTER, We to, 2 rooms, 
Idtchen/bolh, sonny, vtew, fiectatg. 
Owner Tefc M3 54 65 69, 

PARS 18th chrxBxng dutfem 5 roams, 

PSaisr" ■*’ 

.smew gcx 

den. 6-12 mw. 



2, 9 Macfcid. BetvraBi Prado 
Hew A SeXrD feL Finest 
of IradKoncf hraiture. Daly - 
• Wordily rates. Rtoe n i iri o ni • Td 


g)l far P4-1) 4294458 
in the heart of Madrid, high Ass 
studns to tet Daly wertty. mortify 
1 e ra s. Fdfrr e aj jag ai Direct iuuv 
tiara. Tefc 3*X5« 85 B1 fra 

Comrade rte Zonta Mated ktafed b 
the ftnancxf A bufefeB area. A vmno 

A intteidud tfvte. Oafy • Weefcfe - 
Wcrtfifcr rrtes. ReservaXom • Tefc (34- 
11 530641 Fob 134-1) 5351497, 

MADRD, wfarreshed flat fa rmf 220 
tqn. Mad co w rode rf locdion FuS 
fafchen, oarage, two bwfcnxm rad 
two brtbs. Over: H-341 1 5646193. 

rafieitehed otric fix rent- 

170 jqjn. to fi n d locamv Terart 
ful fafchen. tv« bedroom s rad two 
boRwwm. Owner: (+34) 1 5646193. 


yearty beoutful dufriex fto n Swra 

chalet. 3 bedroona, 2 bt*s. gort^e. 

ffZ5C 0 nwrthfy . Rntcf of sorvra 
et seme chaiet possife. Tefc +41 22 



ton studes to fiirarocm be kas 

Free shtftte serwai to 


1 Bevator Duffex. 2 Bedrooms, 255 
Bafcs, L5,000'rao. 

i Chodra^ex. 3 Bedrooms, 2M Sods. 
sax o/flta, 

Mey Straus. Mar. Tefc 212751-4Q54, 
Fax: 212-3086974 USA 

Cnfc D5J45 -345 Tel Free 
ra (33-1) 4$ 75 62 20 


Vtew. In "Eno How" tenon 120 
‘ igjn. e parfc nert. 7 bw+oona, Tbodm. 
1 Dray mad tews. 1 month i m r nra t 



■Morne-Corto Pcriacs" 

7/9 BO. tie® Mouflns - B.P. 145 

T6I. (33) 92 165959 
Fax (33)935019 42 


Frankfurt Contcr - fhraiIaW« for Sal« 

An exceptlanal iBfclcntte] home Unrated in crrtni Ftqnkfurt, in one of Use mast 
rat^hx after ereas.A man, quiet street whb good access to the .traotuha .Vcrwai 
The property enjoys 5 bathroom. 6 tcnaccs/balcorucS, ExceDetst security. 2 
Ranges. Idiyfie wrefl kejst garden, opp. 1 .000 aq^n. Estessrae ux of aaritic ha been 
made In the construction both to Use Interior and encriar. Easily adapted as 5 
appartmenu or a large EniRly home. Posshly of some busincs ose. 
Asking price DM 7-SOOXNNV No agents. 

VXD *49-610^1504, or box 3450, IHT, 

- — Fr Mri d B tr, 15 , 60323 FnnJtfart. Germany. 


Business Center 
Canary Isiands/Spabv 

Near Airport Us Palmas. Highway, 
Kobovf (5<a rmntl 
Hois. Halls, Etpoawra-Btwnis. offices 
for site. non. toini-vcsiturcs- 

ATV - Via Fu«oni 4 
CH-6900 Lugano fSwibsrbod) 
Fax: *41/91/60 61 31 


Looking for 
property in 

Dpanfc. pifesireJ team spoSuig n Stic 
of top goam ^atrenij and ddEls fm Ub 
G enra lo Hcrtretc a«J J» mooiftii resorts of 
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A tett imkB nfeftig vws. I graet amd apt 
penaafeEBtiBsercffnpaSesL haabSon achm on 
lao^ges terinand drndtftn lep sdnfc pb 
Bidnuhana CB ortsatataf. 

CSCOmn tetoeCBafea 
aaarwot wwijyi— .afamw 

OL-UimjZS • fee *1 Email 


« r 


Direa flights 
from Miami & Europe. 
PROPERTY. I ha. 2 pools. 
3 guest houses, private 
beach, staff quarters. 



tel.: 33-1-4524 5257 
fax: 33-1-3471 0301. 


Luxiay chalet for sale. 7 bedrooms. 
4 fcatrjscrj. (3 rasuile). 1 shower 
room. Lirpe sitting room with 
hroplace. Dmmg room. Fullv 
equated lutdtsv Satina. Dccible 
j^ara^e - car port Price FF 23 million 
Details freen: 

Anglo French Properties Lt d ., 
Ilia Walton St, London SW3 2HP. 
TeL: T] 223 0359 - Fax 71 823 7664 



Tizv. e* Gs.*ar®. 9 teas Lsuaene 
S+a-jafal 13 C heme 
inarjre jarieas. fine vtees. peaceful 

5 tiruiie ted^TODC & 5 baths y staff. 

Emm £1,100 -t 2,250 p.w. 

1 423 331375 

Sraefean Sac Englaafl • 

“Real Estate 

a ppears every Friday 

To place an atfrerrisemrn:, cuaucr 
your nearest IHT office, representative or in Paris; 


(33>1) 46 37 93 9i or Fax (33-1) 46 37 93 70 

40 Russian Subnrnrines 
Harmless, Experts Say 

Agmee Frtmce-Pmse 

TOKYO — The 40 submarines 
sold to North Korea by Russia pre- 
sent tittle threat to the Korean Pen- 
insula and the Pacific, diplomats 
said Thursday. 

“If these submarines are sup- 
plied without their weapons, they 
represent virtually no danger,” an 
Asian diplomat who specializes in 
North Korea said. “They are old 
and fit lor the scrapyard.” 

The diesel-powered submarines, 
built between 196] and 1968, have 

been concluded between free-lano 
fng North Korean and Russian m0- 
itaiy chiefs. 

The sale caused nervousness m 
South Korea, whose Foreign Mm- 
istiy has expressed concern to Mos- 
cow that the submarines could be 
liywi for "something, other ,'flian 



Hkfahaw’ Goes Bade 

To 0r^mgBoard ' • 

It is time, Indian govenunat 
eogineesssay,todeagna better 
cycle rickshaw, .The Washing- 
ton Post repom from New Del-- 
hL Tody’s hnman-powered ve- 
hicles are unstable, unsafe and - 
- uncomfortable. They are heavy 
and difficult to pedal, with a 
poor cento 1 of gravity that 
itiakes it tooeasy to tip owbt and ' 
a hard seat that jars the driver 
when bumping ovct potholes. ' 

Trying a cyde' nckshaw is 
real druc§exy, T ’ said AfOck Rtq, 
one of die authors <rf the study 
by the New Ddhi-based Center 
forSdcace Tedmology and En- 
vironmental Policy ■ Studies. 
“The deagn of rite cyde rixi- 
shaw has evolved in apiecoiieal 
way,” wizhao standaidbsaticn. 

House of Representatives me 
pressing for a angteebamber 
. Wisteiure, on grounds thai two 
; L dhambera dday vital kgrit 
tifl pu Senators <afl it a move oy 
R wa*at Fidd.V. Rama ito 
consolidate powa. The Mip- 
pines revived its UA-e^e Cto- 

gress in 1987, one year after 
P rea tjaif Ferdinand E Marcos 
fkd the country. Mr. Mateos 

had aboliriied the two-chamber 

system in 1972, wfam he de- 

fla rffd mar tial law, and tspaOpd 
it with. _a sangte-chamber Na- 
tional Assembly. ‘ 

“Notinng can -replace the CT- 
[e rideshaw,” said Dilip Sinpi, 

cle rickshaw,” said Dirip : 

' who has been Tenting rickshaws 
to drives far 27 of his 59 years. 
“Just lode at this vdnde. It is 
beautiful When, you tit oh it, 
therms a chann toit, it*s differ- 

Sbcra Khan, yAd pedak a 

ridf&haw to support his six chfl- 

dzen, does not see the charm. 
“AB. the other vehicles oo the 
road today nm cn petrd,” be 
said. “My rideshaw runs onmy 


Leaden of tbe PHKpptoe 

CAura's booming 
province of Guangdong has 
slarmed a 3 percent levy, mck- 
aamed a “vulgarity taz," on 
iaiadke dobs, dance haOs and 

symphony orchestras, fo Hdoric 

groups; stage plays and opera, 

Xjntoa repeats. 

The sharp string of a ffying 
kite slashed the throat of a pass- 
ing motorcyclist and killed him. 

United News of India said. 
R. G Sanal, an inigatiai cogi- 
neer, was driving in Orissa state 
vdten the freak aeddent oc- 
curred, United News of India 
said. In frwK", war games with 
kites are a popular sport. En- 

thusiasts often put paste mixed 
the string to 

with glass dust on 
•increase the sharpness and cot 
the string of rival kites. Same 
kite-fliers have sliced off their 

Arthur Higbee 

Hosokawa Reform Plan Stays Alive 

been stripped of their armament n _ ' OT . j 

are in such jwrconditiOT that xg-to- 16 VoteinfommitteeSeteStagefordh 0 wdown 

they no longer have any military 
use, according to the Russian 

A Western mili tary expert said 
that the submarines were complete- 
ly out of date: “They have dreadful 
radar anA sonar signatures," which 
make them easy to trade down and 
destroy, he said. 

A New- York Times article on 
Thmsday said North Korea had 
embarked on the purchase of 40 
submarines, via a small Japanese 
firm. Toen Trading Company, in a 
deal estimated to be worth S8 mil- 
lion. It quoted American officials 
as speculating that the deal bad 

supporters and opponents cf the 
legislative package bargained lor 
every last vote in a contest that 
seems likely to be decided by a tiny 


By T. R. Reid 

HtafttagtoR Pan Service 

TOKYO — With barely a vote to 
spare. Prime Minister Morihiro 
Hosokawa won approval of his po- 
litical reform plan m a key commit' 

As several Diet members corn- 

Georghm Leader in France 


PARIS — President Eduard A. 
Shevardnadze of Georgia arrived in 
Fiance on Thursday for a two-day 
visit during which he will sign a 
treaty of friendship and coopera- 
tion, French officials .said. 

Japan s Diet, or parliament, he wifi 
have fulfilled his primary promise 
to the voters in last summer’s elec- 
tions, and his coalition go v ernm ent 
vfi] probably be assured a king life. 

If the upper house rejects the 
plan, Mr. Hosokawa may be forced 
to dissolve his government andcall 

a general election. And this just 
three weeks before the prime minis- 
ter is due at the White House fora 
summit meeting on trade disputes 
with the United States. 

Furious negotiations woe re- 
portedly under way Thursday, as 

considered preferable to negotiate 
a compromise that all can 

Bat so much is at state in Mr. 
Hosokawa’sbig dectaraUaw pack- 
age that compromise has proven 
impossible so far. The last effort to 
Strike a deal' between Mr. Ho- 
sokawa’s coalition government and 
the opposition broke down late 
Wednesday, setting the stage for 
the tight vote^ Thursday in the spe- 
cial Political Rdfonn Committee of. 
the upper house 

The commi ttee was split, 17 to- 
17, between members affiliated 
with the coalitio n government and 
opposition members. Bui when the 
measure came up for committee 
approval Thursday morning, one 
member of the chief opposition 
party stunned both rides by voting 
m favor of Mr. Hosokawa's pack- 
" age: With that, the. bills got out of 
commit tee by an 18-to-16 margin. 

- The rebel voter, Tomoytdri Ho- 
tirimv raid he had broken with his 
own Liberal Democratic Party be- 
cause it had engaged in stalling 
tactics that he could not tolerate. 

.. With committee approval be- 
hind him, Mr. Hosokawa said he 
wanted a quick flora: vote in the 
upper house. A vote has been tenta- 
tively scheduled for Friday after- 
noon, but farther negotiations on 
the Mils COOld dday thing s mttil 


The reform .package was ap- 
proved by the lower House in No- 

4 1 

7 V 



ir ; 


P . 


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t'-. . 


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e : ;_' ■ 
If- " 




E: - - 




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EZ!---- 1 

fS-’- - 



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i here are toxic chemicals in our v-ater. Such as oil. 
Aild IVSildcivs. 

'■ eu na.out ;h;r\k ;i-dusir : ' s-s io blame. Bin ihcy'iv only 
ran of the problem. You and i, in our everyday lives, are a]?.. 
r^’on.srbie for a (remendei* ameuru of iVater coalition. 

However, we can a;! help protect cur wacer .Vo; exampi- 
u.-ic less toxic household cleaners and practice nan-rai ia\vn 
care by composiing and usirg feu er dieiurais. .And fvscea, 
ci pouring used motor oil onto the ground or into storm drain; 
>:n^:y lake it ic a gasoiine station v.iierr it can be recycled 
Thai way we can turn this terrible fide around. .Tad 
restore Live beauty to our water. 



vi r:r.!i ,vV<-:i.’V(V 
l kittiN'Conncii 


-rirsan Aiit-Aiis::) 



Page 5 

I-;? Mi* 

=5?S3E eeSffjssr^y; **■■„'* • ••• * 

]f~ yin ,> 

• !;«-'• i • 

“’S', . , 


Nunn Turns Down Defense Job , So tfee Search Goes On RATES: Europe Debates Amw 

if " J Condoned from Page 1 economy would grow 1 .4 p 

By Eric Schmitt 

New York Tbnes Service ■ ■ 

WASHINGTON — The White House asked Sena- 
tor Sam Nunn if he would take the job of defense 
secretary hut Be Mused, administration officials say. , 
Bobby Ray Inman, who was nominated for the post 
by the president a month ago,; formally withdrew as & 
ca n d i da te Tuesday, but white House officials said 
they were given a. tint of the detisuxLlast week. 

The offer to Mr. Nram, President Bffl Clinton’s 
chief nemesis on n&Htary issues, reveals how urgent 
the White House feds it is to find a new defense 
secretary of unquesdoned stamrewito the Pent agon 
and Congress. - . . 

Mr. Nunn, a cxxnsemtive Georgia Democrat who 
heads the Armed Services Committee, fed the success- 
ful effort to roll back Mr. Gmion’s pledge to aQow 
homosexuals m (he mflitaryinooedf the most embar- 
rassing episodes of the administration's early days. 

He ala} has been a leading voice waning that the 
ad m inistration's preposed imhtaty budgets may not 
fully finance the govortunetit’s hew fighting strategy 
and could uhimatriy exodetoe Pentagon’s military 
effectiveness. - ■ ■ . 

Mr. Nunn considered the offer but ultimately told . 

the White House he could serve the country better in 
the Senate, Pentagon officials said. 

Senate officials also said Mr. Nunn was reluctant to 
give op his independence and become a subordinate to 
Mr. Clinton. 

The idea of offering the job to Mr. Nunn was 
strongly supported by Thomas F. (Made) McLarty, 
the While House .chief of staff, and David Gergen. a 
senior White House advisor, as well as other White 
House aides, administration officials said Wednesday. 

A senior White House official said, “You reach out 
to Sam Nunn for his expertise because he has the most 
knowledge of defense issues of anyone in the party.” 

. In a brief telephone interview, Mr. Nunn said: “1 
don’t want to talk about the defense thing. I’ve never 
been interested." 

With Mr. Nunn oat of the picture, the administra- 
tion is reviewing up to 10 possible candidates, includ- 
ing William X Perry, the deputy defense secretary, and 
Warren B. Rodman, a former Republican senator 
from New Hampshire. Associates of Mr. Inman’s said 
that he had recommended Mr. Peny. 

[Treasury Secretary Uoyd Beotsen said Thursday 
that he wanted to remain in bis current post and had 
not been approached by Mr. Clinton about Pentagon 

job. Reuters reported from Beijing. Some press reports 
had suggested that Mr. Bemsen was being considered.] 

Other candidates include Norman R. Augustine, 
chief executive of Martin Marietta Corp., and John A. 
Young, a retired head of Hewlett-Packard Co. 

■ The 3d Tone Around 

Ann Devrov and Barton GeUman of The Washington 
Post reported from Washington : 

President Clinton opened his second year in office 
Thursday the same way he began his first: missing a 
senior cabinet officer after an embarrassing flap and 
deep into a search for a quick replacement. 

A dministra tion officials said Mr. Gin ion had not 
interviewed any candidates for what will be his third 
choice for secretary of defense. 

The withdrawal of Bobby Ray Inman as the nomi- 
nee to replace Les Aspin has resurrected the original 
candidate list, officials said. One official said of that 
list: “We really have one. The problem is, people keep 
adding to it, of talcing names off of it We are not that 

Another official noted, in a swipe at Mr. Inman. 
‘This time, the presides 1 is going to select someone be 

has a good comfort level with." Mr. Inman had ex- 
plained on the day be was nominated that he had 
voted for George Bush and had laken some time to 
reach a good comfort level with Mr. Clinton. 

Mr. McLarty is heading the selection process, with 
Vice President AJ Gore playing a major role, as he did 
in the selection Of Mr. Inman. Despite advance notice 
that Mr. Inman was withdrawing, officials said the 
informal gathering together of names just began this 
past weekend and the' formal sorting only this week. 
But that does not preclude an announcement by (he 
end of the week, officials said. 

Some senior Pentagon officials said chat Mr. In- 
man's withdrawal actually simplified their task in tbe 
short run. Much of the senior Pentagon administra- 
tion, and its counterparts in the military services, is 
absorbed in preparation of the fiscal 1995 federal 

“We pm together a budget under Aspin's priori- 
ties,” an official said. “If anything, we have less of a 
change than if Inman had come in in (he middle.'' 

Pentagon planners are now assuming that Mr. As- 
pin will remain in office long enough to defend the 
budget in Congress. 

BASH: Even Capital Insiders Do It 

Continued from Page 1 - 
call that same culture “cannibal- ’ 
ism” and “McQutbyism,” does 
that devalue W aahingt wv baddng 
for real outsiders? 

“Just watch — that ain’t 'gonna', 
stop me,” Mr. Carvifle replied. “I 
can get my own table at the Palm 
and bash Washington from down- 
town. Since when does a stigbt de- 
gree of hypocrisy stqp me from 

All of Washington, including the 
White House, was amazed-and be- 
fuddled by Mr. Inman's appear- 

“It was the political equivalent 
of watching a downhill lacer,” said 
a White House official “We. were 

Mr. Gin ton’s advisers were 
thunderstruck when they watched 
Mr. inmaw on Tuesday, seeing 
what one aide describe! as “a 
Perot-like quality” and “a spook 
who sees conspiracies evaywbae.” 

Mr. Inman bad told the White 
House he was going to talk about a 
“new McCarthyism/’and he had 
been warned that this might stir up 
a hornet's nest. . Bitt the White 
House did not order him not to use 
that phrase, because officials woe 
mare concerned wffhipecsuatfiag 
him not to criticize the president 
than persuading hm not to amaze 
the Washington culture. 

White House officials fell that 
Mr. Inman was blammg the Wash- 
ington culture for ins own mistake 
in judgment m accepting the job. 
“He hadn’t judged where his own 
head was, his wife didn’t want him 
to do it, tine was a lot of stress,, 
and he just wanted to get out,” an 
official said. 

Eveit though Clinton aides were 
relieved that the Bobby Inman they 
.saw on television was no longer 
part of flwir team, they wan hop- 

ing that Ins arguments about the 
nasty Washington culture would 
resonate in the hinterlands. That 
way, they said, tbe damage to Mr. 

CKntn n wnnM ha dillttUisOBd. 

An official said that the White 
House was banking on the sense 
that many Americans now see 
“that things have gotten a little bit 
out of control hoe.” 

' Although the Clinton crowd is 
fond' of poshing the notion that . 
anyone who tries to cone here and 
do good gets “hammered,” as Mr. 
Gergen potit, many historians 
view this as a political stratagem 
designed to win them cheap sympa- 
thy. They point out that presidents 
and then aides have always lived 

tbro ^h^iy dfV^nF crittriiqn aTid 

that tBs is the nature of a loud, 
messy democracy with checks and 

“Much of what was written 
about Jefferson and Lincoln and 
FDR was far more scorching than 
what you see nowadays,” sad Mi- 
chad Beschloss, a historian. 

Mr. Beschloss suggested that Mr. 
Homan's accusations and reactions 
proved the opposite point from the 
one he sought to make: dial there 
had been too little public scrutiny 
of the would-be defense secretary, 

“lt was clear from the personal- 
ity quirks we saw on display on 
Tuesday, which many people think 
would disqualify him as secretpy 
erf defense; that the press scrutiny 
of Tmrwm was not stroog enough, 
the historian said. .. 

James Pinkerton, a Republican 
who worked in the Bush White 
House, agreed: *Tm a lot happier 
that this gay broke down confront- 
ing Bob Dole than if ft had hap- 
pened during a confrontation with 
General Aidid or Slobodan Milose- 
vic down the pike.” 

French BcyHddV | 
hMAccident 1 

. Agpnce'France-Presse 

CREIL, France — A Ifr-yearrikT 

a train crash in which four people ' 
were kihed and four Serionsfy in- 
jured, the police said Thursday. 

The boy, wbcse name was not 
released, admitted placing a heavy 
piece of metal on the trade at Sami- 
Leu-d'Esseren, about 50 kilometers 
north of Paris, on his way to school 
It caused a local train to derail, 
throwing its locomotive into the 
path of an oncoming train. Four 
people, mdodingthree of the boy’s 
schoolmates, were lolled. 

the metal on the track “to see what 
would happen,” and that he ex- 
pressed remorse over tbe accident 


Abater France -Prase 

BONN — Chancellor Helmut 
Kohl is to visit Washington on Jan. 
30 and 31 for talks with Preadau 
Bill Clin tern, a government spokes- 
man amjbunced Thursday. 

Woman Joins 
The Ranks at 
Military School 

. The Aacdated Pros 

Carotins —k Shannon Faulk- 
ner or Thursday became tbe 
first woman to attend classes 
’ at The Chadd after the 151- 
year-old nuhtaiy college lost 
an appeal to keep her out. 

Ms. FanDmer, 19, was greet- 
ed by the school's dean, Clif- 
ton Poole, who told her, “Let’s 
go gd an education.” 

Ms. Faulkner said that after 
hex first dass, a cadet came 
over and said a few words. 
“Hessltodtnelww tbingswere 
gping and he wanted to Id me 
'know that not everyone here 

was against me,” she said. 

She sued the rate-support- 
ed college last year, duzging 
that tbe all-male admissions 

federal judge ruled she could 
attend classes, but not Eve in 
the banadcs,.wBfle the lawsuit 
is hearcL 

• ••**«-, • «- -v 

* x • ’ -7? ^x'*- 

£ : ' ‘H. V 

*>:% ' 

kc Tra.mRnam 

A man in Bdfalo^ New York, clearing a path for his car and awaiting a tow track, a scene repeated countless times across the country. 

Continued from Page 1 
heightened the frustration of those 
who believe in easing monetary 
policy to spur growth. Tbe German 
central bank, worried that precipi- 
tate moves on rates could weaken 
the Deutsche mark and cause a 
jump in the money supply, has in 
turn been irritated by its critics. 

In Paris, several business execu- 
tives said there was ample room for 
French rate cuts, given an inflation 
rate that is 2 percent and heading 

toward zero and money-supply 

g owth that was below its target 
si year. But tbe newly indepen- 
dent Bank of France, which will 
meet next week to discuss rates, is 
expected to continue supporting 
the strong-franc policy, reflecting 
the French central bank’s fear that 
cutting rates ahead of the Bundes- 
bank could weaken its own curren- 
cy and damage its credibility in the 
foreign exchange market. 

“The big question.’’ said a 
knowledgeable banking source 
who did not want to be identified, 
“is, wflJ the Bank of France have 
the guts to bring down rates with- 
out first waiting for the Bundes- 
bank?” He and others interviewed 
contended that the franc, which has 
returned to the narrow band within 
which it fluctuated against the 
mark before the breakdown last 
summer of the exchange-rate 
mechanism, should be strong 
enough to withstand a unilateral 
cut in French interest rates. 

Brendan Brown, chief economist 
at Mitsubishi Finance in London, 
said the interest-rate debate now 
was similar to the one that took 
place last summer, ahead of the 
currency crisis. 

“They’ve frittered away the last 
six months, fighting a rear-guard 
action to keep the franc strong and 
recoup losses of reserves from last 
summer's crisis," he said. "The eco- 
nomic cost of that policy is proba- 
bly going to be delayed recovery for 

In both France and Germany, 
the speed with which interest rates 
come down could have important 
political implications as well: Hel- 
mut Kohl, the German chancellor, 
faces a tough re-election campaign 
this year, in large part because of 
the poor state of (he economy, and 
Prime Minister Edouard Bailadur, 
who is positioning himself for a bid 
for (he French presidency in 1995, 
will want to take credit for an eco- 
nomic recovery by year-end, 
French officials said interest 
rates were discussed Wednesday 
during a ministerial meeting called 
by Mr. Bahadur to discuss the 
economy. Tbe meeting ended with 
participants saying the French 

economy would grow 1 .4 percent 
this year, well above the private 
sector's current consensus forecast 
of OJ percent to 1.0 percent. 

On Thursday, Edmond AJphan- 
defy, the French finance minister, 
said that interest rates would fall 
throughout Europe this year and 
that tins would contribute to a 
French economic recovery. But he 
sought carefully to avoid saying 
anything that could be interpreted 
as an attempt to influence the Bank 
of France. In a conversation. Mr. 
Alphandcry limited himself to re- 
marking, “When the franc is stable, 
this is a good condition for a down- 
ward trend in interest rales." 

Since Mr. Batfadur took office in 
March 1993, France's three- month 
interest rate has declined from 
11.19 percent to 6.21 percent. But 
the German three-month rate is 
still lower, at 5.81 percent. 

Ernest-Antoine Selliere. vice 
president of the French employers’ 
federation, in an interview called 
on the new monetary polity council 
of the Bank of France to "show a 
little courage” and “take action as 
soon as they can." Mr. Selliere said 
that around 60 percent of French 
corporate debt is short-term and is 
largely held by smaller companies 
that are struggling to survive. 

Lucien Rebuffel. head of the 
small-business federation, said his 
organization had told Mr. Bahadur 
of what it said was a need to cut 
rales and to provide subsidized 
credit lines from the Treasury. 

Economists such as Robin Mar- 
shall at Chase Manhattan Bank in 
London contend that the franc is 
stable enough to justify rapid cuts. 
Yeu he said, the Bundesbank and 
the Bank of France might even be 
prepared “to run the risk of a dou- 
ble-dip recession” because of ex- 
change-rate considerations. 

“This is becoming a Europe- 
wide problem again." Mr. Marshall 
said, adding that corporate client* 
across Europe were fearful that the 
Bundesbank “has gone on hold 

The issue of cutting French and 
German rates bas implications that 
stretch across Europe. Italy and 
Spain each sell roughly 40 percent 
of their exports to” Germany and 
France and are hurt by recession in 
these markets. 

The British economy, mean- 
while, has benefited from sharp 
rate cuts made since the pound left 
the exchange-rate mechanism in 
September 1992. The Bank of En- 
gland’s base lending rate has 
dropped from 10 percent to 5i 
percent in that perioil and the slide 
m the pound’s value at the same 
time has stimulated British exports. 

COLD: Penetrating Arctic Blast Has Americans Spinning Their Wheels OLD: Europe Frets Over Pensions 

Continued from Page 1 

to ose kitty litter at icy sidewalks, bow to save a 

ends. In short, bow to survive. ^ 

The least comforting explanation is this: A 
■ridge of high pressure on the West Coast is 
forcing Pacific winds north, across the polar 
region. The frigid air then blasts into tbe East 
and Midwest. Good to know. Alaska is relative- 
ly warm. But when wflJ it end? Next week. 

The United States is not Canada, where win- 

ter. it scans, is a way of life and children go to 
school even if it's minus 20 degrees Fahrenheit 
(minus 29 centigrade). Americans, by and large, 
are not used to this kind of hard freeze unless 
they call places like Buffalo, New York, and 
Duluth. Minnesota, borne. 

Americans are victims, too, of their addiction 
to the automobile. South of New York, the vast 
majority of East Coast residents are reduced to 
children in the wilderness when it comes to 
winter driving. Locks are frozen. Rear-wheel 
momentum up an icy hill? They don’t know 

how. They think they do. But they don’t They 
peer in envy at the four-wheel-drive Jeep across 
the street. 

The people who drive the plows are snick, 
too, because they amply cannot plow ice this 
thick. Salt alone won't melt it So sand is flying 
right and left. 

Today, the New York City subways look 
awftiBy good. If you can get to them. 

But the one silver lining is this: The daily 
crime rate has plummeted. 

CHINA: On Prison Labor Issue, Beijing Agrees to Allow U.S. Inspections 

• Gootomd from Page 1 
China to export products to the United Stales 
at the lowest possible tariffs. 

“That is for the president to deride.” Mr. 
Bemsen said, after a day that included talks 
with President Jiang Zemin and Deputy Prime 
Minister 22m Rongt, who is also governor of the 
central bank. 

Mr. Bemsen said Mr. Zhu promised that 
Begins would intensify its efforts to enforce 
copyright laws, and in particular work to end 
the widespread practice here of pirating Ameri- 
can compact disks. On Friday, the Treasury 
secretary w31 preside over the reactivation of 
the Qana -Umtcd Stales Joint Economic Com- 
mittee, a forum the two countries have used to 
iron cost economic differences but which has 
been abut down since the crackdown on democ- 
racy activists In 1989. 

Mr. Bentsea said the prison labor issue was 
was “one of the more agnificant” of the de- 
mands laid down by Mr. Clinton in his execu- 
tive order last June that stipulated the condi- 
tions the president wanted met on human rights 

and trade before he would renew China's trade 
status, American law prohibits importation of 
prison-made goods. 

UJL customs officials and diplomats have 
held negotiations on the issue with tbe Chinese 
for two months. 

In 1992, the Bush administration and China 
reached an agreement that allowed for U.S. 
inspectors to visit Chinese prisons suspected of 
producing products for export to the American 
market. Last spring, the Chinese allowed U.S. 
customs officers to visit two Chinese prisons, 
after much haggling. Bui further access was 

Last fall, the two countries began talks here 
to revive the agreement and bring Beijing back 
into tx>mp]ianc£. 

Tbe new agreement calls far China to give 
regular and timely reports when tbe United 
States asks for information about the possible 
use of prisoners at a specific prison that might 
be suspected of making products for export. 

The U.S. ambassador to China, J. Stapleton 
Roy. said one of the five rites mentioned in tbe 

accord, the Red Star tea farm op China’ssouih- 
ern coast, was visited Thursday by a customs 

“We are pleased where we stand,” Mr. Roy 
said. “But the crux of the matter is whether we 
cun continue this level of compliance up to the 
time when the president makes his decision in 

But speaking of the trade status issue in 
general, Mr. Roy cautioned: “Nothing is done 
yeL We are not prejudging the president's deci- 
sion halfway through the process." 

■ Talks on Prisoner Visits 

The International Committee of the Red 
Cross said Thursday that it had completed a 
first round of “positive” talks with the Chinese 
government on possible visits to political pris- 
oners. Agenee France-Presse reported from 

“This first structured meeting should allow 
us to go farther with the talks,” said Jean- 
Kfichel Monod. a Red Cross official- “We have 
begun to identify the points where we agree and 
where we differ.” 

Continued bum Page 1 

as well with a population shift from 
rural regions to cramped urban ar- 
eas where multiple children create 
space problems. 

Until recently, Europe has been 
able to compensate by drawing in 
large numbers of young workers 
from TUrkey and North Africa who 
performed dirty and dangerous 
jobs that white Europeans dis- 

Social researchers say that what 
is often overlooked in the rush to 
close doors w foreigners, in re- 
sponse to unemployment, is that 
payroll contributions of working 
immigrants are an important 
source of funding for the pensions 
and health care of the native-born. 

“Governments across Europe 
have been talking about tbe need to 
keep foreigners out but they did 
not see beyond a political response 
to the rise of the far right” said 
Patrick Weil, an immigration spe- 
cialist at a leading French research 

Now. be said, Germany and 
France are starting to acknowledge 
that they will need hundreds of 
thousands of new immigrants in 
coming years to pay the pensions of 
their additional elderly citizens. 

As unemployment has soared to 
record levels in Western Europe, 
immigrants often have been 

Tbe conservative French govern- 
ment of Prime Minister Edouard 

Balladur has toughened immigra- 
tion rules and vowed to step up 
deportations of undocumented 

“When we have sent home sever- 
al planeloads, even boatloads and 
train loads, the world will get the 
message," said Charles Pasqua, 
who as interior minister is in charge 
of carrying out the more restrictive 
immigration policy. “We will close 
our frontier ” 

Nonetheless. Mr. Pasqua bas 
modified an earlier statement that 
France must move toward “zero 
immigration." declaring that up to 
100.000 foreign workers a year will 
be needed to AUjohs French work- 
ers are unqualified or unwilling to 

In addition, France has enacted 
new retirement Jaws that will 
stretch out the number of years the 
postwar generation will have to 
work to benefit from a pension sys- 
tem that is considered one of toe 
most generous in toe world. 

In Germany, politicians arc rec- 
ognizing that the country will re- 
quire substantial contributions 
from non-German employees to 
sustain expensive pension and wel- 
fare programs. Hans Ulrich Klose. 
a spokesman for toe opposition So- 
da) Democrats, said 2 million for- 
eigners were responsible for 10 per- 
cent of toe national output and 
furnish an even greater proportion 
of taxes and pension fund contri- 

' RUSSIA: Reformers Are Shut Out of Yeltsin's New Conservative Cabinet Tlkrainft Deputies AfitllSf! Kravcfallk of Betrayal 

i ■ _ «- - rwrtfnr*tirtnt*m rtirrmo rw-^mkrr rnnviMim. oiTrtrw? his wnv fmm a inh as a IrvJrcmith’s 

Comnaed from Page 1 

a mattes economy. Mr. Yeltsin was also said to 
be reluctant to name any new official, suoi as a 
new central bank chatanan or 
who would have to be confirmed by the new 
parliament, which is- dominated by * loose 
Co maniBB t and-ultnmatwnahst opposition. 

As widely predicted. Alexander N. Sholtom, 
a centrist economist wbo brake watb Mr. Gai- 
dar and called for slower ref orms and more 


was named economics minister. 

Bnt the most tdKng sign of the government's 
direction was the list of the most senior offi- 
cials. The first deputy prime imm&tor, Oleg N. 
Soskovets, 44, spent hislife tiu metallurgy, rising 
from a Kazakhstan factory to run the national 
Committee for MetaDnrgy before Mr. Qwno- 
myrdin named him a- first deputy prime muris- 
ter in April At that rime there were four first 
deputy prime ministers, but Mr. Soskovets is 
the only one in . the new government. 

The three deputy prime mnastgs in tbe new 
government ipefadg Alexander K. Zaveryukha, 
a socialist who runs agriculture and has de- 
manded much higher Farming subsidies, and 
Yuri F. Yarov, 5% a chemical engineer who 

worked his way from a job as a locksmith’s 
apprentice to tbe bead of ins city’s Communist 
Party Committee in 1976. He became a parlia- 
mentary deputy and deputy chairman of the 
Supreme Scrriet before jumping to Mr. Cherno- 
myrdin's ride in December 1992. 

Mr. Fyodorov’s departure leaves only one 
weli-Jcnown nrfonuer of the Gaidar school. Pri- 
vatization Minister Anatoli B. Chubais, wbo 
retains his rank erf deputy prime minister, in a 
prominent position. 

Mr. Chubais has said that the privatization 
program is too important to abandon at its final 
stages, a position supported by Mr. Gaidar. 

Mr. Fyodorov said Thursday night; "Chu- 
bais, wbo remains, will cry to avert catastrophe, 
but the situation will worsen.” 


KIEV — The Ukrainian parlia- 
ment denounced President Leonid 
M. Kravchuk on Thursday over no- 
des r arms and Russian national- 
ism in Crimea. 

Deputies accused Mr. Kravchuk 
of betraying national interests by 
signing an agreement with the pres- 
idents of Russia and toe United 
States to give up Ukraine's nuclear 
weapons. Some called for his im- 
peachment, others for a referen- 
dum on the accord. 

They also criticized turn for fil- 

ing to ban a presidential election in 
Ukraine’s autonomous Crimean 
Peninsula, which a Russian nation- 
alist is poised to win. 

In toe end, toe parliament simply 
referred toe disannament pact to a 
commission to determine whether 
it contradicted conditions imposed 
on disannament by parliament in 

Deputies also amended the con- 
stitution to allow Mr. Kravchuk to 
overrule acts by Crimean authori- 
ties violating Ukrainian law. 

Radicals and nationalists took 

toe floor to denounce Mr. Krav- 
chuk, who was not present, over a 
pact under which Ukraine prom- 
ised to give up nuclear aims in 
exchange for security guarantees 
and about SI billion in aid. 

“We must have a referendum 
about the trilateral statement.” said 
Serbiy Holovaty. a legal expert 

Mykhailo Shvaiko, from West- 
ern Ukraine; said. "We must raise 
toe question of impeaching toe 
president, wbo grossly violated toe 
constitution and humiliated the en- 
tire nation." 

Parliament decreed in November 
that the START- 1 arms reduction 
treaty applied to only 42 percent of 
the *1.600 nuclear warheads in 

Yuri Kostenko, toe head of a 
commission examining toe accord, 
told journalists it did not comply 
with parliament's demands and 
predicted it would be rgected. 

A Russian nationalist. Yuri 
Meshkov, easily won the first 
round of toe Crimean election on 
Sunday and is exported lo do well 
in a Jan. 30 runoff. 

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F1UDAY V JANUARY 21, 1994 






The Next Secretary 

There is no point in piling oil By withdraw- 
ing as nominee for secretary of defease, Bob- 
by Ray Ionian wrote a sad, puzzling end to a 
useful career in the navy and the intelligence 
agencies. There was no politician or commen- 
tator so contrarian as to believe bis improba- 
ble parting charge of a conspiracy between 
Senator Robert Dole and our colleague, the 
columnist William Safirc. 

Mr. Inman and tris critics are today experi- 
encing a shared sense of release that he will 
not be in charge of the Pentagon. Strain had 
lingered from the day be appeared in the Rose 
Garden with Bill Gin ton and asserted that he 
had had a hard time finding a “comfort level” 
with his new boss as commander in chief. His 
talk about his vote for George Bush and his 
need to be reassured about President Clinton 
was a jarring assertion of independence that 
lowered the comfort level of many observers. 

and should also have lowered the president’s. 

Tbe temptation for Mr. Clinton will be to 
rush toward an easily confirmable secretary 
who will be popular with the officer corps, 
defense intellectuals and weapons builders. 
But Mr. Clinton and the conn try need a secre- 
tary of d efense who can both command re- 
spect and make the Pentagon uncomfortable 
with its old habits. That means being uncom- 
fortable with discrimination, with wasteful 
weapons whore purpose disappeared with the 
Soviet Union, and with procurement practices 
that fail to make the best use of scarce re- 
sources. The new secretary most have minimal 
tolerance for strategies that do not address 
tomorrow’s dangers and its opportunities in 

arms control, peacekeeping and transforming 
East bloc militaries, Thai will take a nominee 
of staying power and judgment. 


Overzealous but Useful 

Instantly, the report from Lawrence 
Walsh, the Iran-contra counsel, became an- 
other log on the fire of controversy that raged 
during the seven years of his investigation of 
the Reagan adminis tration's greatest embar- 
rassment. The summary is certainly flawed by 
Mr. Walsh's readiness to characterize as 
crimes alleged acts by officials who were not 
tried or convicted of them. But there is value 
in his depiction of a major episode in which 
the American government moved out from 
under the control of law. 

Mr. Walsh's impatience and anger are evi- 
dent in this report What seemed to stir him 
most was President George Bush’s pardon of 
Caspar Weinberger, defense secretary under 
Mr. Reagan, winch he believed prevented the 
independent counsel from going after Mr. 
Bush, who was vice president during the Iran- 
contra affair, and others. Ressiance to his 
prosecutorial exertions drove him from dog- 
gedness to zealotry, for which he was then 
criticized by the resisters, but not only by 
them. For he became an Ahab-like figure who 
drew a distracting spotlight to his own con- 
duct rather than to the conduct of his prey. 

Nevertheless, Iran-contra was not simply 
an instance of political combat between a 
Republican White House and a Democratic 
Congress. Nor was it just a battle over policy 

In Haiti, Try Again 

Sanctions on Haiti having produced no 
useful results so far, the United Slates is now 
considering whether to tighten them further. 
It is a bad idea. There are cases in which 
trade sanctions and blockades can be effec- 
tive, but Haiti is not one of them. All the 
evidence indicates that the sanctions there 
are hurting the people whom the United 
States is trying to help and strengthening the 
'military regime that it is trying to dislodge. 
Reports of real hunger and suffering among 
Haiti's poor are increasingly audible. 

An iron logic now grips policy toward Hai- 
ti. Realistically, there are only two choices. 
The first is to invade Haiti and remove by 
force the soldiers who mutinied against the 
elected president, Jean- Bertrand Aristide, more 
than two years ago and have been ruling the 
country with great brutality and bloodshed 
ever since. The other choice is to begin to 
negotiate whh the soldiers. That seems morally 
repugnant to many of Father Aristide's sup- 
porters, but it is better than the alternative. 

Haiti has bad previous experience with in- 
vasion and occupation. The United States 
sent in a force of marines in 1915 and kept 
them there for 19 years. No doubt in the 1990s 
the invading force would be multinational 

and would come bearing aid and the most 
benign purposes. But the historical memories 
in Haiti are loo strong, and the overtones of 
colonialism would be too pervasive for even 
the best mtentiemed of invasions to Succeed. It 
is always difficult for foreign troops to plant 
the tree of liberty in any country and establish 
a stable democratic government It is far more 
likely that any Haitian politician — Father 
Aristide, for example — would be destroyed 
by dependence on foreign soldiers. 

If invasion will not work, that leaves nego- 
tiations with the soldiers, bloody-handed 
though they are. President Aristide’s aides say 
that he is now working to broaden his discus- 
sions in Haiti's politics. At a Miami meeting 
last weekend, he rallied a wide range of those 
who back him and democracy. But he has to 
go further to deal with the people who are not 
democrats and who now hold power in Haiti. 

He is president of the country and cannot 
afford to indulge in the luxury of dealing only 
with his friends. It is quite true that the soldiers 
ignored then commitments in the previous deal 
with him, worked out last summer, and that 
they let it collapse. But conditions arc deterio- 
rating in Haiti. It is time to try again. 


Other Comment 

A Stick for Pyongyang 

Imagine yourself Kim D Sung. If you were 
sitting in Pyongyang today, would you give up 
your nuclear program? Especially when the 
United States is now moving to agree to your 
offer of highly limited inspections and your 
long-stated demands that its annual Team 
Spirit joint military exercises with Seoul be 
canceled? Would a U this make you more or 
less tikely to stray from your present course? 

That, unfortunately, is the problem with 
the American strategy. Although President 
Bill Clinton was initially applauded for tak- 
ing a tough line, he has done little to back it 
up. The result is that in the more than 10 
months since the North Koreans first an- 
nounced their intention to withdraw from 
the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, they 
have managed to buy time for whatever nu- 
clear program they might be pursuing while 
having Washington and Seoul dangle ever 
more carrots their way. 

Much now depends on the integrity of the 
International Atomic Energy Agency. Today 
the agency is under great pressure to agree to 
the North's offer of limited inspections of the 
seven suspected sites. What kind of madness 
would it be for the rest of the world to allow 
[the North Koreans] to decide what the agen- 
cy will and will not be permitted to inspect? 

The sad fact is that the Kims today have no 

incentive to give up their nuclear ambitions. 
Unfortunately, the Clinton administration 
has done little to create such an incentive, and 
its weakness elsewhere on the globe, from 
Bosnia to Somalia, is not likely to persuade 
the Kims otherwise. 

In fairness to Mr. Clinton, be has not been 
helped much by the new Kim Young Sam 
administration in Seoul, which apparently be- 
lieves that no policy is better than any policy. 

But without dear signals from Washington 
that it has not ruled out a ndlitaiy solution, 
the Kims have no reason to back down. 

— Far Easton Economic Review f Hong Kong). 


on the then infl amma tory issues of reclaiming 
American hostages in Iran and, especially, 
supporting the contras in Nicaragua. In its 
most significant aspects, what came to be 
known as Iran-contra was an affront to con- 
stitutional government 

Blocked by law, pans of the Reagan admin- 
istration secretly and systematically violated 
the law and then attempted to conceal the 
tracts. The dispute continues over just who in 
the administration's highest reaches did wfaat 
and knew what But it is fact, not speculation, 
that four officials were convicted and seven 
otters pleaded guilty to the charges as brought; 
some of these had their convictions ovatomed 
on grounds that their testimony before Con- 
gress might have been used against them. 

It has to be understood that Mr. Walsh 
overreached his mandate to investigate Iran- 
contra and to prosecute if necessary and to 
gjve a full account of the affair. But it is also 
necessary to note that be added to public 
knowledge of an episode of rogue government 
and in that way usefully raised the deterrent 
to future abases of this kind. Notwithstanding 
his excesses, the 82-year-old Mr. Walsh, a 
lifelong Republican and a former federal 
judge, performed a service vindicating the 
appointment of a special prosecutor. 


==: r :t * 

A New Look : 

By Hoy Henman 

B RUSSELS — ThedeaJ on- the 
Uruguay Round reached in Ge- 
neva last month' was 'presented to the 
world as a great triumph, marred ■ 

In Post-Breakup Debris, Nukes Are Just the Start 

tjons at die last moment and injecting 
a huge dose of prirtectiomm Was 
the deal really a triumph? DM the 

. ^ the deal stick? 

Tte-attsvrer to the first q uestion >s 
- pn imhff sifatmg yes. The agreement 

was a turning pond oof tray 111 
trade but in world politics. 

•; The choice facing the world was 
stark and simple: to continue on fire 
path followed since 1947 — the es - 
♦ntdishme nt and steady improvement 

of world trade roles, and successive 
negotiations toTeduce traitebariiers; 
or to return to: the 1930s’ politics of 
ohde wars and escalating protection- 
ism. The Erst path, followed over 
nearly half a century, led to an in- 
crease in thevohnne of world exports 

by a facto- of 12 and the greatest 
increase in prosperity ever. Tne sec- 
J and brought such misery and unem- 
nkwmeot that the Germans voted 

K IEV — One way or another, both President 
Leonid Kravchuk and local and foreign ob- 
servers here are confident that Ukraine will cany 
our tbe agreement to get rid of its midear weapons 
that was signed with Presidents BUI Clinton and 
Boris Yeltsin in Moscow last week. 

But it won't be easy. People here are convinced 
that Ukraine got a bad deal and that Washington 
was outplayed by Moscow in a negotiation they 
know little about, don't basically understand, and 
consider above all a demonstration of their weak- 
ness anf t helplessness in dealing with Russia. 
“Clinton was made into just a messenger boy fear 
the Russians," a Ukrainian journalist said. 

In an interview, Mr. Kravchuk avoided saying 
dearly whether he will submit tbe agreement to tbe 
current, fractious, angry parliament, wait until a 
new one is elected in Marm, or just barge ahead on 
his own. He has the power to do Thai, and be docs 
scan to understand as almost no one dse here does 
bow important rficmamlmg the nudear missiles is 
to Ukraine's difficult future and its relations with 
the United States and Europe. 

He denies that there were any secret clauses, 
contradicting what Mr. Gmton’s entourage said in 
Moscow. Thai scans to be right. The secrets are 
not about security or economic commitments, but 
technical details about how the warheads are made 
and their plutonium content Since Russia will 
retain the same kind of weapons, it obviously does 
not want those details revealed. That is under- 
standable, ami it is a shame that the White House 
has not made it clear, since the talk of “secret 
clauses" has created all kinds of suspicions. 

It is a part of tire whole messy issue, which was 

By Flora Lewis 

allowed to get far more complicated and feverish 
than was necessary through obsession with secrecy 
and lack of dear explanation. Mr. Kravchuk never 
chairman of tteparfiamenl and described as “by far 
the most powerful petitkaan” in tbe county. 

Some of tbe parallels with Russia are disturbing. 
The elections are not likely to rtsolve anything but 
are expected to produce an even more difficult, 
indecisive legislature. As of now, nobody sees an 
alternative to Mr. Kravchuk, but, like Mr. Yeltsin, 
he is waffling on reforms which have barely begun, 
while the country rinks in hyperinflation. 

“We don’t have a Zhirinovsky here,” an editor 
told me. “Ukrainians are conservative, tolerant, 
patient," he claimed. But neither do they have 
much in tbe way of constructive, reform-minded 
democrats. The democrats tend to be the most 
ardent, pop ulist nationalists — and “national- 
ities,” which is primarily a reference to the 12 
milKnn efhnir Russians in the total population of 
S3 mill ion, is a big issue. 

Mr. Kravchuk said his talks with Mr. Clinton 
here and in Moscow were almost entirely about 
economics. While he does not daim he got big 
promises, he has big expectations, and disappoint- 
ment seems inevitable. The economy, which can 
deteriorate a lot more before there is a chance of 
ranting it around, seriously aggravates all the other 
troubles, so the outlook is gloomy. 

One major reason the Ukrainians are so reluc- 
tant to give up the nuclear missiles they don't 

control and can't think of using is that they fed it is 

the onN reason the West has paid any attention to 
them. When the weapons are gone, they fed they 
will be kft to wallow in them plight with little 
choice but to “craw! back to Moscow” in Vladimir 
Zhirinovsky’s words. 

It is partly their own fault There has not been 
modi real mange here. Mr. Kravchuk isa stolid, 
old-style apparatchik, cautious and crafty, although 
he has learned a goot hit about dealing with West- 
ernera. And it is partly the fault of the ^Rnssza first" 
policy that Washington is perceived to have im- 
posed without modi undnstandmg, or reflection! 

However wdcome it was to the West, the Soviet 
breakup has created many more headaches than is 
even yet understood, and they cannot be ignored 
without serious risk to Bnope^ Bosnia has magni- 
fied that nJr t because H signals Western unwHhiig- 
ness to help keep the peace and insist on a balance. 

It is wrong to pot fear of strengthening Russia, 
lest it lead to restoration of an oppressive empire, 
ahead of efforts to support its democratic transfor- 
mation. But it is also wrong to neglect Eastern 
Europe and Soviet successor stales tikti Ukraine, to 
the paint where they feel abandoned by the West 
they want to join, far fear of offending Rusaa. 

chance of a healthy Europe. President Clinton 
tried to redress tte pmxpticm during his trip, but 
it will take a much dearer U.S. policy snp p oitin g 
cooperative relations among Russia and' its ex- 
dependents to avoid the twin traps. The nndear 
missiles were just the first obstacle withUkrame. 
Now (te hard part begins. 

© flora Lewis. 

Hitler mto power. 

Last month's achievement is re- 
markable for several reasons. The 
Uruguay Round settlement is wider 
in scope than any of its predecessors. 
The tariff cuts are deeper; agriculture 
and nontariff barriers are ■ tackled 
more comprehensively; and fra: the 
first time roles Tor trade in services, a 
sector that counts for a fifth of weald 
trade, have been agreed. 

The very brtadto madette Denota- 
tion dtixstimmimageitMe; The tuning 
had gone wrong in 1992, so that an 
outline deal was Left twisting m the 
wind through not Only an American 
but a French election. Amid wide- 

Italy Alter the Big Bang: New C^n8tellations,Please 

TV WASHINGTON — One extraor- By Lacia Annnnmal a and the former Communists — e 

W . — Ik Yft_T.J> _ 1 Art tha. MitradA "rtf’ fhk ITn 

W ASHINGTON —One extraor- 
dinary result of Italy's political 
turbulence has been the collapse of 

the country’s strongest and most 
popular party, the Christian Demo- 
crats. Remnants of tbe party; which 
had been a linchpin of the Western 
affiance, have even renamed them- 
selves. mud) as the Cbrnmnnists of 
Eastern Europe did after the fall erf 
the Berlin Wall 

The parallel is apt. For a half- 
century, the Christian Democratic 
Party stood at the core of one of tbe 
Cold War’s most successful political 
systems, one engineered by Washing- 
ton and its allies to keep Italy's strong 
Communist Party at hay. Over time, 
Christian Democrats rivaled Com- 
munist regimes to the east in terms of 
their monumental corruption and the 
longevity of their ruling class. 

In the wreckage erf the system, 
some Italians now refer to seven- 
time Prime Minister Giutio An- 
dreotti as their Erich Honedter. 
Once an all-powerful political fix- 
ture, Mr. Andreoiti is now under 
investigation for ties to the Mafia. 

The Christian Democrats an- 
chored Italy to a political middle 
ground with a mix of Italian tradi- 

tions — capitalism and Catholicism, 
anti-communism and liberalism, pa- 
tronage and modernism. As the party 
brake apart, it sent shards flying to 
the extreme edges of the country’s 
politicaJ universe. A landscape of po- 
larization was left behind. 

The Communist Party, weakened 
in the '80s and declared dead after 
the fall of the Berlin Wall, changed its 
name to the Democratic Party of the 
Left and has emerged as Italy's stron- 
gest national force. The fascist party, 
long marginalized and small, is mak- 
ing a vigorous comeback, particularly 
in Rome and Naples. The Northern 
League, a strong regionalist party, 
has devdoped almost out of nowhere, 
advocating a tax revolt against the 
central government and a federal sys- 
tem to separate the prosperous north 
from tbe poorer south. 

The United Sates helped build the 
First Republic after World War II 
with political and financial support. 
In 1948. Washington intervened with 
covert financial support for the Chris- 
tian Democrats. This effectively ex- 
cluded from power tbe Gmuxwnists, 
who bad emerged strong from the war. 

It was containment within. a frontline 
state in tbe East-West struggle. 

Tte Christian Democrats were sur- 
rounded by smaller parties that 
shared in the power in order to main- 
tain a national consensus. Despite a 
revolving-door succession of prime 
ministers, stability was maintained 
far 45 years. But the end of the Cold 
War dissolved the ideological glue of 
this arrangement, and ulnvw over- 
night the Fust Republic folded. 

The financial reasons for mamtain- 
ing a natio nal consensus also disinte- 
grated. Demands for fiscal 
from the new European Union meant 
an end to the excessive patronage, tax 
evasion, kickbacks aim bribes that 
made for political contentment but 
drained government coffers. 

Cracks in the system allowed a 
disaffected group of magistrates in 
Milan to start p ro se cuting the extea- 
rive corruption. The public respond- 
ed whh the land of enthusiasm asso- 
ciated with the arcus in ancient 
Rome, cheering every revelation erf 
corruption made against formerly 
untouchable politicians. 

Tbe Northern League; the fascists 

and the former Gmunumsts — all., a vacuum. 1 
parties on the outride of the! First' housebecat 
Republic — collected the 'votes of . anythmgtna 
protest against die old regime. •: ropean into 

This polarization is astep Coward .will fight oi 
a pennanent realignment of Italian general the ] 
poEtics. From an institutional point Inrevengi 
of view, Italy jaabandonmythexmil- on .press pra 

tiparty system and moving from a.- Agricultural 
proportional voting systmtoraieux - tmngrineet 
which two Or zoaybe throe parties rppeanUnio 
will gain seats. Consensus govern- ster. the Fr 
meat; formed ty back-room/ ' deal- • tails, the wb 
ings among party leaders, will be. spqctfiiDy si 
replaced by winner-take-all govern- fore the mm 
meat crcatedat the polls. • Minister Jcth 

This change looks good on paper, cans free fit 
but it will require a new mind-set for - practice or 
Italians. The main question that tor- k^ghtg in si 
meats the puWicis not about extrem; often acomf 
ism but about the center. The center, . WStbe dc 
with its tradition of patronage, not be complete 
rally has governed for a half-century amount of □ 
but is deeply a part erfthe main ttodx- shape, memb 
lions of me country. Can Italy sur- of ttenew W 
vivewhhom a antral fora^rashouM need to be de 

tual and political support fra trade 
liberalization had began to erode. 

Why fid tiie French have so much 
to say? They always have: In 1967, at 
die end of the Kennedy Round of 

tiiTlrt Jt-an Rw nf fl y» PC. C omnriSMO Il 

had to face down Charles de Gaulle. 
Tbe end of the Tokyo Round in 1979 
‘ was matted by a battle royal between 
the fv»n»n iwi nn the French. Last 
year; the provisional Hair House 
agreement on agriculture became a 
football in the French dectioos. Butin 
no case were the French trying to 
wreck die negotiations, from which 
they were to benefit handsomely. 

Free trade feature less in tbar his- 
tidcy than in the case (rf their northern 
neighbors. But mainly the French 
>' were simply de fending their comer. 
They are better at this th*n anyone . 
dse. They have the finest educational 
system m the world, and a tradition 
government service. — -- - ■ 

They also operate m what is Largely 
a vacuum. The British are in thedbgr 
house because of their opposition to 
anything that remotefy resembles Eu- 
ropean integration. Other countries 
wdl fight on paints erf detail, but in 
general the French outgun them. 

In revenge; most of the Anglo-Sax- 
on press portrays Europe’s Common 
Agricultural PoEcy as being the worst 
dung since the Bud: Death, the Eu- 
ropean Union as a protaaionist mon- 
ster, the French having horns and 
tails, die whole of Europe falling re- 
spectfully sflen t (until recently) be- 
fore the mnezzm-fike cries of Prime 
Minister John Major, and the Ameri- 
cans free from -any distorting trade 
practice or subsidies, veritable 
kni gh t s in ahtmng armor. Fantasy is 
often a comfortable refuge. 

Will tbedealstick? It first needs to 
be completed. And a . formidable 
amount <rf negotiation r e main *. The 

another rate emerge? Can die present 
ex t remes, on the right or the left, 
somehow became centrist? Or can 
the former, fragmented parties, even 
the Christian Democrats, regroup?. 
The next round (rf elections win give 
us at kast some erf the answers. 

The big bang has taken place, but 
the new constelLations are not yet 
formed. The transition may be dan- 

no Bre^hrongh m F rom the Ice Rink Into the Garbage S$aaasga^ 5 

Anyone who expected President Bill Clin- 
ton’s European tour to be crowned with a 
foreign policy triumph in Geneva will have 
been disappointed by the lack of results from 
the Clinton-Assad summit meeting, which 
merely confirmed the impression that the 
new administration has nothing to offer in 
the way of new initiatives to resolve the 
Middle East conflict. 

Only the United Sates has tbe wherewith- 
al lo force the Israelis as well as the Arabs to 
make the concessions that alone can serve 
tbe cause of a genuine peace. But that chance 
was missed in Geneva. 

— Neue ZOrdier Zeilung (Zurich I 

International Herald Tribune 



RICHARD McCLEAN. PMnhtr & CfaefExravnv 
JOHN VINOCUR.£uwavf£f&»r & McrPraidm 


• ROBERT J. • JONATHAN GACTE. Bunnm ami Fmmr Eihlor 

• REN£ BGNDY. Deputy Publisher m JAMES NfcLEOD. AiiurrtEma Dueatr 
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Dumeurde h Pa h&auin : RkchmJD. Sarm/m 

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P M3. baemantHewld Trihn. AUntfa menrd ISSN; Q2 WtffZ BBS 

N EW YORK — Spud City. 

Those haunting words began 
to make me fee! sorry' for Tonya 
Harding. Spnd City 'is the maB 
food outlet where Miss Harding, 
already 19 and a top figure skater, 
sold potatoes each afternoon to 
scrape up cash for her rink fees the 
□ext morning. 

Miss Harding will be back there 
soon enough — or so goes the best- 
case scenario — if she avoids legal 
culpability in the vile conspiracy 
to maim Nancy Kerrigan. Even fi 
she is innocent of a crime, even if 
she is allowed to compete in the 
Winter Games, her career as a star 
in a fairy-tale sport is over. 

A girl from the wrong side of the 
tracks pursues the wrong dreams, 
hangs out with the wrong crowd, 
does wrong, gels punished. It’s a 
familiar 20th century American 
morality tale, right out of a Theo- 
dore Dreiser novel And maybe the 
late Mr. Dreiser coaid have found 
in Miss Harding’s story' the glim- 
mer of an American tragedy. 

This would-be ice princess mold- 
ed her career from age 5 out of the 
thin. Frigid air of poverty, rootless- 
ness and domestic violence. The 
child of a nigni waitress and her 
fifth husband, a senti-employed la- 
borer, Miss Harding had Cved in 
right homes is six communities by 
age 18. Her mother abused her psy- 
chologically, and. Miss Haraing 
said, physically, and so did the man 
she married alter she dropped out 
of high school. Jeff GiHboty, who 
was arrested on Wednesday. 

How this girl had the will 
against these odds to pursue her 
skating obsession, and where that 

By Frank Rich 

obsession came from, are any- 
body’s guess. But perhaps Miss 
Harding gave the answer to report- 
ers this month: “To be perfectly 
honest, what I'm really thinking 
about are dollar signs.” 

Not lor ihc love of sport, not t or 
the beauty of ice dancing, bat for 
the money: a passport out of pov- 
erty, a liberation from her depen- 
dence on an entourage, familial 
and otherwise, increasingly domi- 
nated by creeps. 

Given the ugliness of Miss Har- 
ding’s biography, what more at- 
tractive ideal could she possibly 
aspire to or even know about? 

Yet wdl before the assault on 
Miss Kerrigan, Miss Harding dis- 
covered that her goal was unattain- 
able and the contest on which she 
had bet ter entire life was rigged. 
She could win on ice, but she never 
won the expected prize, maiti- 
million-doOar contracts to endorse 
products. Goodness as a skater, she 
belatedly learned, had nothing to 
do with raking in the big bocks. 

As a Madison Avenue commod- 
ity, Miss Harding had an image 
problem that no triple axel could 
overcome. She was not glamorous. 
Her costumes reeked of polyester. 
Her choice of skating music was not 
"Swan Lake" but the theme from 
“Jurassic Park." She was known fra 
mannish habits: shooting pooLc^ 
in& repairing cars, shootmg dear. 

In an incredibly touching 1986 
video, aired on *60 Minutes** last 
Sunday, Mias Harding, then IS, not 
yet hooked up with Mr, GiUooiy. 

expressed her conviction that her 
work ethic would erase that baggage. 
“I don’t mind being tbe underaiog.’’ 
she said, “because once I skate and 
do my best. the/D know who I am.” 

But as the exemplary Miss Kerri- 
gan won contract with CanjpbdTs 
Soup and Reebofc, Miss Harding 
got no endorsement contracts, even 
when doing her best She instead 
fell into debt to meet ha expenses, 
and slouched toward Spud City. 

Now the bottom drops oul 

“Maybe ran can oo-host a talk 
show with G. Gordon liddy,” is the 
advice offered to Miss Harding this 
week by Newsweek. A sports adver- 
tising consultant summed up h a 
value as a spokeswoman to Richard 
Sandomfr « The New York Ttmes: 
“She’s got asthma and smokes in 
public. That aught not turn on any- 
body except Pmhp Morris.** And 
there will always be a riace for Miss 
Harding betide the Texas dsser- 
leader mom on a Howard Stem 
pay-per-view freak show. 

Chatting about the sordid Kerri- 
gan assault on teteviston Sunday 

Italy is experiencing hi gh nwr 
merit, a c urre ncy m degem: 
puirfiocynkasm and the even 

threat of political and Mafia vio- 
lence. Italy s experiment is'West Eu- 
rope’s first foil- blown transition 
from Cold War politics. 

It is a revolution, but one earned 
out in the full light erf democracy — 
and one that cannot be left to rinlc 
into chaos and instabUhy. 

The writer is Washingfancorrespon- 
daafitrtiheltaEan newspaper Corriere 
delta Sera. She contributed das com- 
ment to The Washington Post 

(rf thejoew WoridTiade Organization 
need to be decided. Thousands of tar- 
iff positions in the schedules of more 
than 100 countries need to be fixed. 
Negotiations need to be continued in 
areas such as sled, aircraft subsidies 
and financial services. 

And when the deal is completed the 
U-S. Congress has to approve h. 
GATT has always beat about as pop- 
ular with Congress as & polecat. Coor 
grass threw out the International 
Trade Organization in 1947 and part 
of the Krnnedy Round settlement of 
11167. This tithe Congress will be far 
from tern to yidd up the right, under 
U.S. trade law, fra the United States to 
act uni l at erally in trade disputes. 

The danger lies in Congress inaist- 
mg on certain points that would up- 

set tte balanc&of the deal The C3in- 
ton . adm inistration is optimistic, 
reckoning that with its victory on the 
North American Free Trade Agree- 
racm, protectionism took a beating. 
But there could still be a sting in the 

mil .as tne km. saying goes, the opera 
rsn t over until the fat lady sits down. 
International Herald Tribune. 

1894: For Ladies Only . ^Congre^Man^ 

* nW In Nto Ymrtr will Vu» 

turned op his nose: “It doesn’t 
mean a dung about America or the 
time in which we live.” 

Really? . 

As Tonya Harding, condemned 
as white-trash lowlife, is tossed un- 
ceremoniously into the garbage, h 
is worth noting that before she sur- 
rounded bosdf whh thugs, she 
played by roles as afi-Amencan as 

LONDON — Woman came info a 
further square foot of her rights yes- . 
terday [Jan. 20] wfam another dab 
devoted., exclusively to ■ feminine 
memberdrip was opened. That is the 
Tea and Shopping Chib, 177 Rcgcat- 
street, inaugurated wrfth the dtfect of 
providing for the comfort and coow- 
tiksce of ladies. Geaftanea nay he 
admitted as guests, but will not be 
allowed to penetrate fur&er than the 
first floor. It Adamkas Eden 
above stairs. Some of iterates area 
tittle amusing. No. 17 is aimed at a 
weakness of winch the faff sex is not 
so characteristically gwtiy- **Thal ho' 

ment, bow she must havefdt when 
late in the game ate learned that fra 
her they did not apply. 

The New York Times. 

ity to any savant of tte ctob.” . ® ( 

. - - * ... foo 

1919: A Jewi* Exodu s? 

NEW YORK — Alw^.«n%saticra last 
ofJewaframAitreritamaybeejqpect- pow 
ed in the near f uture. Ttes is-tbe view hug 

expressed by --Mr. Rflsenbtoh^. maj 

speaking before ife of f 

bra Q^i^hfa^jxisous now liv- 
ing m New York will be anxious to 
retom to their native lands, so as to 

help their relatives re-establish their 
horoes, te says. The re-habili tation 

of Palestine wss discussed. It is the 
general belief the Jewish Republic 
be modeled after the united 
Sites, thus ^afjKttaidiiig the reli- 
pons □gnts .of all the inhabitants. 

1944: Novgorod Ereed 

• —TFrcm our New York 

edition:] The Red Army, in its new 
Mitten oKaxsvt, captured yesttr- 
day (Jan. 20] the anrieat city and 

m deal and captured and crushed 
toward steadily to engulf many scat- 
tered German units winch now are 

Hsfeeff 5 - 


f : .»* 

*4 . 

» a communique. Two 
mi traces were enpaiwi in a 


Page 7 


\:S: ... '• ■ 


^ With Inman’s Sudden Flinch, the Pentagon Dodges a Bullet 


■- , « 


W ASHINGTON— Why fid Bob- 
by Rfly-Himim,- anting toward, 
easy Senate confirmation as secretary 
of defense, suddenly fitoch and with- 
draw his name? Wc do not yet know, 
but I suspect it was not for the reason 

S ven in the therapy session that wits 
s departing news conference. . , 

Is one good pop by a columnist, 
along with anticipated light -flu 
about nanny-taz problems, enough to 
drive a smooth Washington operator 
out of a cabinet post? (If he had .been 
confirmed and North Korea said 
“Boo?” would the Pentagon have sued 
for terms?) Thanks, but no pandit 
is that powerfuL . ^ 

One possibility: He drf not wanfio 
address questions being drawn up by 
the staff of the Senate Armed Services 
Committee about defense-related 
business . dealings exploiting his 
intelligence service. 

Another: He was rattled by the 
probing by more than one of us into 
his longtime "source” on the staff ot 
the Sedate Intelligence Committee, 
helping to manipulate unsuspecting 
senators during Mr. Inman’s last six 
intelligence years: 

Conducting the public self-destruc- 
tion of his reputation, the embittered 
admiral invoked the example of Vin- 
cent Foster — another country boy, in 

By William Satire 
Mr. Inman’s self-pitying construct, magazine writer charged another with 

driven to self-destruction not by 
a guilty conscience but by the mean- 
spirited denizens of .the Washington 
press corps. 

He tiled ‘‘reports* 1 — known only to 
himself — of scandalous collusion. In 

using some of his material about a 
client: the firm 1 worked for was the 
conduit between the disputants. To 
suggest that I was ever accused of 
plagiarism is a lie; at no time in a long 
career has anyone said 1 used anyone 

the supposed conspiracy, Senator Bob else’s prose under my byline. 

Dole would zap Mr. Inman if 1 would Thus on the offensive during his day 

pursue the Whitewater affair. in the spotlight. Mr. Inman almost 

■ If Mr. Inmaa really, believed .fie succeeded in directing attention away 
cockamairac notion that I needed from his true reasons for quitting. 

•osterj that would indeed be evi- 
dence of paranoia. 

But X think Mr. Inman is not crazy: 
fiat was fie old disinformation spe- 
cialist in full manip ulative mode, 
screening his final evasion with 
a newsy concoction. 

That need for a smokescreen is also 
his reason for tossing fie smear of 
-plagiarism’ at his main tormentor, 
calling a writer a plagiarist is like 
calling a spook a mole: fie charge, 
once made, lingers. In tins case, how- 
ever, I can prove a negative. 

Deep in Mr! Inman’s dossier about 
me is reference to a lawsuit 35 years 
ago, when I was a press agent One 

crumble before fie nation's eyes. 

Asked fie source of what he called 
“reports’* of a sinister conspiracy to 
do him in, be was unable to answer 
coherently: it was plain that the plot 
existed only in his mind. 

When Mr. Koppel pointed out fie 
hypocrisy of complaining about “Me- 
Girthyism” while dredging up a 1950s 
lawsuit and twisting it falsely into a 
damaging charge, Mr. Inman caved in 
completely. Retreating in the face 
of the facts, he retracted his smear 
and apologized. 

I accept fie apology, admiral. My 
friend and former target. Ben Lance, 
called on Wednesday wifi his own 


Shame onTrance 

Regirding the editorial “Surrendering 

to Terrorism” (Jan.13): ' ■ t 

.With striJang ignonm^ 
released two agents of the Iranian Islam- 
ic regime, wanted in Switzerland for fie 
murder of an oppaatma figure, to fie. 
government in Tehran. Once again secu- 
lar and democratic Ffance,ibonded on 
fie rights of man, Jim yielded to fie 
blackmail of international terrorism. 

The prime mmisto’s spokesman in 
an attempt to justify this violation of 
international law, hides behind fie flat 
and cynical explanation of “national m- 
leresL" What “national interest" re- 
quires that the French Republic stray so 
far from its danocratic principles? 

As an oppositionist exiled in Fiance; 
and as a man who values liberty, I can 
only react with anger. Shame oarrancef 

. Paris. 

lliafsEDlrataiiiiiieiKl?. . . 

Regarding “ France Can't Kick Protec- 
tionist Habit ” (Business/ Finance Jan. If) 
by Reginald Dale: ' ■ • • 

Contrary to Mr. .'Dale’s opinion, a : 
large number of. Europeans have 
cheered France’s victory over UK cul- 
tural imperialism (to resort to an over- 
used idiom). Most people 1 know are 
sick and find of . the trafi, filth and 
violence, not to mention stupidity, of 
a lot of the stuff fiat comes oat of: 
fie United States. 

We m Europe arc perfectly capable of 
entertaining ourselves. In fact, we do not 
fed the need to be constantly enter- 
tained, the way Americans do, thank 
God They can’t stand fie sound of 
silence, it seems. Poor things! 


. ’ Frankfurt. 

After 18 years’ residence in Frmce, I 
have come to the conclusion that French 
politicians arc physically afraid of fie 
population (Tm not talking here about 
fie healthy respect fiat elected officials 
in a democracy should have for their 
voters). They sense that if they push 
things too far, people will take to the 
Streets and dust off the guillotines. 

. I am not aware erf any other demo- 
cratic country in which people can en- 
gage in rriminal acts (bunting livestock 
trucks or warehouses, blocking freeways 
: and airport runways) and get away wifi 
it without any consequences. 


Grenoble, France. 

Hie Banality of Death 

Your front-page photo Jan. 12 of the 
elderly woman lying dead by a Sarajevo 
school points out the true honor — and 
the banality — of the Bosnian conflict. 
From the looks of it, killing in Sarajevo 
no longer efcdts even reactions of basic 

human dignity. 


. ■ Paris. 

conspiracy theory: that you and I 
cooked up this contretemps to drum 
up lucrative lecture dates. 

Because you are no longer a danger 
to the nation as the prospective sec- 
retary of defense, 1 can turn over 
fie pursuit of the reasons for yotzr 
withdrawal to your personal demons. 
Even your severest critic hopes you 
will get help. 

The Pentagon has dodged a bullet; 
Bill Clinton is fortunate that his worst 
nominee came apart in public before 
he could damage more than the presi- 
dent’s judgment about people. The 
next nominee should be an exemplar 
of stability, a civilian experienced 

in national security, and above all a 
person of character. 

Perhaps I am mistaken about Mr. 
Inman’s realistic fears of exposure. 
Perhaps all it took was a single, factual 
blast to tip him over into failing the 
pres: den I wbo honored him. If so. the 
dereose establishment was spared the 
agony of being led by a deeply con- 
flicted man with no grasp of the Amer- 
ican system of checks and balances. 

Let us remember Bobby Ray lamas 
for bis in terminer; i good works and 
his truly spoken political epitaph: 
“ . . . the country is better off with me 
in the private sector.” 

The New York Times. 

Fainthearted Cooks Should 
Keep Out of the Kitchen 

NATO Came First 

Regarding **. NATO Wastes An Oppor- 
tunity^ (Opinion, Jan. 12): 

In discussing fie NATO decision not 
to include former Soviet-bloc nations, 
Richard Perie says, “The crucial issue is 
whether an alliance created to counter 
the threat of a Warsaw Pact invasion of 
Western Europe can survive . . . now 
fiat fie Warsaw Pact is gone." 

In fact, the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization predates the Warsaw Pact 
NATO was created in 1949; fie Warsaw 
Pact in 1955. 


SL-Nom-La-Breieche, France. 

Sauce for die Gander 

Regarding “ On Second Thought. Boro. 
Just Call Me Mr. Buckley ” f Meanwhile. 
Dec. 30): 

Quite understandably, William F. 
Buckley Ir. bemoans the disrespectful 
informality and aggressive intimacy of 
young people wbo caD everyone by their 
first names. But then he blithely refers to 
a female receptionist as “a freckled jpii." 

Come on now. Bill (oops! Mr. Buckley) 
— surely fie young woman, f redded or 
not, was out of rompera. Surely, even as 
an dd-fasbioned Southern gentleman, 
you know that this kind of cute conde- 
scension went out of date 20 yearn ago. 


Cap d’Antibes. France. 

By Ellen 

B OSTON — Let me see if I have this 
right. Bill Satire, Tony Lewis and l 
were part of a cabal who set out to ruin 
Bobby Ray Inman's daughter's wedding. 
No, no. no. That isn’t it. 

We’re part and parcel or the “New 
McCarthyism." A bunch of columnist 
hitmen, or hirpersons. Character assas- 
sins run amok. 

There we go. Now I\e got it 
Bobby Ray Inman's withdrawal of his 
name from nomination as secretary of 
defense may well go down as one of fie 
stranger hours in recent political history. 
It was matched only by his appearance 
in fie Rose Garden last month when be 
told fie world that he had voted for 
George Bush and had to reach a “com- 
fort levd" with Bill Clinton. 

This time, the former admiral said his 
comfort had been destroyed by colum- 
nists’ attacks, most notably by BiD Satire 
of The New York Times, but also by The 
Times ’s Tony Lewis and me — quite the 
political trio. Perhaps Mr. Inman was 
auditioning for fie starring role in ‘The 
Prince and fie Pea”? 

Mr. Inman said be was fed up wifi 
“rush-to-judgment distortions of my re- 
cord. my character and my reputation.’' 
And he called Mr. Satire a plagiarist 
wbo made a d«1 wifi Bob Dole, and the 
rest of us McCarthies. 

In truth, Mr. Inman was lovingly 
stroked by the media and all of official 
Washington. He was sea as the savin'. 
Few of us disagreed. If three columns can 
raise fie beat to fie boding point on bis 
delicate thermostat, be better slay out of 
thepantrv, let alone fie kitchen. 

The irony is fiat I have written and 
worried about fie same issues that fie 
nominee talked about. There 
to judgment in fie media. 

is a rush 

is a _ _ 

While there have always been harsh at- 
tacks on public officials. Vincent Fos- 
ter’s last words about Washington still 
carry a ring of truth: “Here ruining 
people is considered sport.” 

Over fie past yearn, we have seen de- 
cent people become the hit-and-run vie- 

Just Keep Your Shoes On 
And a Flashlight Handy 

By Carolyn See 


fins of the ma** media truck. Their lives 
have been reduced to one had moment a 
Je mistake or inisjudgmem. 
an era of Fax Attacks and Instant 
Analysis, it happens too fast to get the 
license plate number. Caricature can be a 
kind of character assassination. There are 
a lot of walking wounded. 

It is true that sometimes fie media are 
too concerned with personal lives and 
not enough with fie public mm. And it 
is true that many people who consider 
public service reconsider what it would 
mean in terms of public scrutiny. 

I have taken some erf my colleagues to 
task for this, especially for the level of 
“public discourse” that ends up in a 
food-fight st fie television round table. 

But Mr. Jaana wasn’t among those 
who got the bie pie in his face. 

In nis rambling remarks over fie past 
few days, be was angry at reporters who 
called to ask if he was gay. He said that 
be didn’t want his membership in the 
all-male Bohemian Club to become a 
litmus tesL But the only place you read 
those “attacks” was in fie transcript 
of his own remarks. 

“Mv problem is wifi fie columnist 
who is afforded fie pages of fie newspa- 
per and fie syndication and the talk 
shows to carry on attacks wifi no one 
responding, " be said. Those of us who 
make ourTiving telling people what we 
think bear a good deal from those who 
say wfaat they think of what we think. 
Unlike Mr. Inman, we stay in fie kitchen. 

As a columnist you are expected to be 
opinionated. Thai doesn’t exempt you 
from being fair. Most of us who are in the 
business for (he long run know that. But 
fairness is also a matter of, uh, opinion. 

So yes, there is a point to be made 
abou ( hit-and-run journalism. But Bob- 
by Ray Inman wasn’t a victim. He was 
criticized for his record. Concerns were 
raised about his qualifications for the 
job of making war and making peace 
dividends. In the end. he was fie one 
wbo proved fiat he wasn’t up to fie job. 

The Boston Globe. 

T OPANGA CANYON. California 
— Usually in an earthquake. I'm 
down three flights of stairs and out of 
fie house in world record time. 

This quake, it didn’t seem worth fie 
bother, when it’s this powerful, you just 
lie in bed and look at death (except for 
fie poor man ejected out of his hotel bed 
and sixfi-stoty window: he got to look 
at death on the way down). 

After it stopped. I leaned over to pick 


up fie transistor radio. Yes. we keep one 
next to fie bed. just in case. 

And, downstairs, we store an earth- 
quake kit and extra drinking water and 
snacks and white wine. 

But fie radio was buried under a foot 
of books and a broken lamp and a 
smashed telephone. 

When 1 found it and turned it on. I 
beard familiar voices whispering: “Hel- 
lo? Hello? Hello? Bob? Bob? Bob? Hel- 
lo?” I sat on fie bed and listened as my 
husband said, “My arms are wa." 

The cup of milk from his side table 
was all over him. 

A man on fie radio said, very weakly : 
“Should we broadcast? Can we broad- 
cast?” In a brave imitation erf his public 
voice; be gave fie station's call letters. 

It was blacker than the inside of a 
cow. I made my way to fie closet to get 
shoes, realized fiat everything had f il- 
ea on top of them, and finally found 
a mismatched pair. 

Shoes are the important thing during 
a quake because of broken glass. You 
are supposed to leave a pair by fie bed. 
but even so they would have jumped 
across the room. No one tells you that. 

We bad barely spoken, bm roy 
husband said dimly. “Do you want 
to go down?” 

We felt our way downstairs and 
found fie doors to fie house blocked 
by upturned furniture. A neighbor res- 
cued us, fie sighl of his flashlight beam 
as welcome as the sound of your fa- 
ther’s voice when you’re in trouble. 

We made our way to fie garage to get 
the earthquake kit wifi its three flash- 
lights; none worked. The neighbor gave 
us his and we went into the kitchen. The 
refrigerator’s contents were everywhere, 
but we found a bottle of dub soda — our 
throats were dry wifi terror. 

My younger daughter phoned. She 
runs a homeless shelter in Santa Monica. 

*We’ve got an emergency plan we’re 
supposed to oo into, but 1 can’t reach fie 

shelter.” she explained. 

“Does Chris have his shoes on?” I 
asked, as I heard her husband, a recent 
transplant from Chicago, grunt in pain. 

“Unis, pul on shoes.” she said. Nei- 
ther of us had water or power. The men 
on fie radio couldn't seem to get anyone 
on the phone. 

“Well, what next?” my daughter 
asked. What next, after fie riots and 

brush fires and last winter’s flood? 
A plague of locusts? 

We sal on a couch in the living room 
and waited for sunrise as aftershocks 
rolled through. 

I called mv older daughter and 
learned that she had gone to get her son 
out of bed and been thrown across fie 
room. She found her perfect flashlight, 
but was trembling with fear and 
dropped and broke ii. The phones were 
erratic, but 1 got a call from a former 
student in fie East. 

“I just warned to see if you were all 
right.” he explained. 

I am not sure we’re all right. .An earth- 
quake is not like a riot — you cannot 
take sides or get indignant. ’ 

I: isn’t like last year's flood, when 
we watched, horrified but enthralled, 
as seven houses on my daughter's street 
slid down a cliff and onto the Pacific 
Coast Highway. 

It has none of the exuberance of a 
brush fire, where your breath rattles in 
your chest as you watch the sky turn red 
and you sprint for your life. 

When fie sun came up and we found 
that fie house was “safe” but fiat half 
of our breakable possessions were bro- 
ken. that admiral came on fie radio to 
sayhe would not be secretary of defense. 

The boys on the transistor cut him 
right off. “He says he doesn’t want to do 
it. so he doesn't have to do it!” they 
mu tiered wifi disgusL All those admi- 
rals and other strong men. in an earth- 
quake they are ludicrous. 

A lot of people here are saying that 
fie quake was ennobling. 1 think it is the 
sourest of disasters. Nature shakes you 
cruelly, meanly; it makes it clear fiat 
you count for nothing. 

And then it makes you dean up 
your room. 

The writer author of the forthcoming 
“ Dreaming : 50 Years of Drugs and Drink 
in One American Tamil}-. " She contribut- 
ed this comment to The New York Times. 

The Other Quake 

E VEN IN disaster, fie fault lines that 
divide Los Angeles are there for all 
to see. The recent earthquake thrust An- 
glo suburbia into an unaccustomed dra- 
matic role: When fie shaking stopped, 
neighbors spilled into the streets, offer- 
ing cadi other gallons of water, flash- 
lights. words of reassurance. Normally, 
fie brick walls between their homes are 
so high fiat neighbors rarely speak. 

A world away in the Latino barrios, 
such solidarity is the survival mechanism 
of daily life. Trained for disaster by war 
and poverty in fieir native countries, rea- 
der; is see tragedy as inevitable. 

The old LA„ fie suburbanites, have 
something to learn from this new LA. 
— Ruben Martinez of the Pacific News 
Service, in The New York Times. 














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International Herald Tribune 
Friday , January 21, 1994 

France’s 'Eurotrash’: 
Cross-Channel Humor 

By Alexander Lobrano 


ARTS — Though it may sound lie a 

fantasy of the audiovisually vigilant 
■rench Ministry of Culture, “Euro- 

subject like the late French singer Serge 
Gains bo urg, which they'd find dull if it was 

presented in the style of traditionai Europe- 
an arts programming.'’ 

trash,” a French-produced televi- 
sion series, achieved near cult status on Brit- 
ain’s Channel Four in the space of only six 
shows last autumn and wul start a much 
longer nm in ApriL 

A fast-paced, London broadcast enter- 
tainment newsmagazine, “Eurotrash” is 
hosted by two English-speaking French- 
men — the media star Antoine de Caunes 
and the bad-boy fashion designer Jean- 
Paul Gaultier — who have seduced the 
British into accepting their European iden- 

Stuart says that the real key to the popu- 
larity of “Eurotrash” — the show 

was draw- 

ing two million viewers, roughlya 20-percem 
audience share for Channel 4, which conrid- 

1 European i< 

tity by showing thenfihe lustier, livelier and 

ers 11 percent to be an excellent perfor- 
mance — is the “classic Laurel and Hardy 
team of de Caunes and Gaultier. They're the 
heart and soul of the show." 

Suave, hip. quick with a well-honed aside 
and partial to dark Kenzo suits, de Caunes, 
40, was already well-known to the key 15-to- 
3 5-year-old British viewing audience as the 
presenter of “Rapido.” an irreverent weekly 

sometimes more lurid side of contemporary 
European culture and who have also proven 
that the French actually do have a sense of 
humor by making wicked fun of their Brit- 
ish audience. 

Ironically, however, the cultural thread 

that “Eurotrash" finds unifying young Eu- 
Dutcn, Belgian and 

ropeans — Spanish, Dui _ _ 

German television stations are planning to 
pick up the series, too — is not high art but 
a love of bad taste. “ ‘Euro trash' is kitsch,” 

Antoine de Caunes, left , and Jean- 
Paid Gaultier, hosts of “Eurotrash. ” 

says Peter Stuart, 33, the show's Paris- 
based producer and director. “In the Unit- 
ed States, it would cover something like a 
musical based on the television series The 
Brady Bunch,' but because this Is Europe 
we do stories on La Genny, the French 
nudist golf resort. It’s high-brow, low-brow 
Lowenbrau, with lots of sex and glamour 
but also with some seriousness — within 
this format we can interest people in a 

I Well, it's nearly February, which is 
. Health Monti 

Canine Dental Health Month in the 
United States and here, from a 
barking press release, is an explanation of 
dog halitosis by Dr. Dan Christian, 
who works for the pet food company 
sponsoring the event: “The major 
cause of teid breath in dogs is periodontal 
disease." So get the dog some floss. 


and short plaid kilts of his own design, had 
name recognition for the avant-garde fash- 
ion that has attracted customers like Madon- 
na. The show marked Gaultier’s broadcast- 
ing debut. 

The sweet-and-sour duo begin each 40- 
minute segment with an arch exchange of 
heavily French -accented English banter 
about the clips to follow, broken up by 
double entendres and good-natured jabs at 
British pride and sense of superiority to 
anything Continental During one sequence, 
for example, de Caunes says, “We just want 
to remind you that you are a very silly and 
in si gnifican t country," and Gaultier pitches 
in, “Nobody cares about you. You are just a 
sad little island with bad food that we see 
only when we fly to New York." 

Surprisingly. British audiences are eating 
up this abuse. “ ‘Eurotrash’ is a celebration 
of failure and being silly, which is very Brit- 
ish, and they can accept the insults because 
de Caunes and Gaultier are vulnerable them- 
selves — foreign and not totally in command 
of the lan gu a ge — and also because Britain 
has a very sadomasochistic culture. They 
love the flawed and odd and failed," Stuart 

Each show is composed of an introduction 
and six or seven stories, running from 45 
seconds to four and a half minutes, that 
propose, as de Caunes explains “to take an 
exciting look at a boring old place" — Eu- 
rope — “and also to give you Brits a chance 
to laugh at us, as we've been doing for years 
at you." 

A typical show may include an item on a 
Belgian restaurant whose specialty is braised 
rat; a Dutch company, “Weed Express," that 
is the first European home-delivery service 
for marijuana; and a look at the Miss Tran- 
sex 1993 competition, a beauty pageant for 
transsexuals held in Lucca, Italy. 

Stuart, an American, conceived the series 
for Rapido Television, a small French pro- 
duction company that has made its niche by 
transmitting European and especially 
French culture to the British. 

Channel Four, an alternative arts-based 
London channel was skeptical about “Euro- 
trash," but in what must be considered one 
of the more peculiar victories for European 
unity, it was pleased to be proven wrong. 
Even the French, as it turns out, are eager For 
a taste of “Eurotrash," with the result that a 
special 50-minute French version of the 
snow is being considered. 

ua — - - - — pur Snmftkdt Sur lor Hie Nnr Yetk Tint* 

One of the special attractions of Lillehammer is the subarctic twilight; organizers of the Winter Olympiad will time the opening ceremony with sunset. 

A Visit to Lillehammer, Just Before the Rush 

By William E. Schmidt 

Kn York Tuna Service 

Alexander Lobrano is a journalist based in 





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L illehammer, Norway — in 
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angles to the shadows and washing the 
south-facing mountain slopes with a kind of 
bluish luminescence that reminds you, after 
ah, that tins is not Switzerland, but central 
Norway, just 380 miles (about 600 kilome- 
ters) short of the .Arctic Circle. 

The special attraction of LQkhainmefs 
subarctic twilight has not escaped the orga- 
nizers of the XX vn Winter Olympiad, 
which opens here next month; they have 
timed the opening ceremonies — at 4 P. ML 
local time on Feb. 12 — to coincide with the 
peak moments of the sunset, as viewed from 
the new Lysgards bakken e ski jumping arena, 
in the hills nearly 1,000 feet (300 meters) 
above the town. From there, television cam- 
eras at the event will sweep south, over 
Lillehammer and the lake and the southern 
horizon, which, if the day is cold and dear, 
should be aglow in its peculiar gauzy light 
Television technicians are not the first to 
want to take advantage of LHlehammer’s 
northern light. For more than a century, 
some of Norway's most famous artists and 
painters, names like Edvard Munch and 
Einar Sandberg, were drawn to Lillehammer 
too. In the center of town, in a year-old 
wood-and -glass building that the local 
townspeople call the Grand Piano because 
of its gently curving facade, the lillehanimer 
Art Museum is filled with their work, room 
after room of landscapes and country por- 

day will flood into this . 
of 23,000 people, two and a half hours by car 
north of Oslo. But if yon are looking for 
hotel accommodations for the Olympics in 
Lillehammer, you're too late. AH the rooms 
in town were booked well in advance. As of 
early January, however, there were still 
rooms available in Oslo, where Olympic or- 
ganizers have laid on an ambitious nightly 
schedule of special events for the period of 
the games, including concerts, ballet and 
theater- There will be frequent trains from 
Oslo to UUehammer. 

About 250,000 of the 13 million tickets 
for the games were still available in early 
January, although many events, such as the 
figure-skating competitions, men’s speed 
skating and the opening and closing ceremo- 
nies, are sold out. From now through the 
games, people coming from abroad may buy 
tickets directly at a ticket office in central 
UUehammer, or place telephone bookings 
by calling BiHett ’94 in Lillehammer, (47) 61- 
07-12-12. Prices range from about 513 to 
5110, calculated at 73 Norwegian kroner to 
the dollar. Among tbe events for which tick- 
ets are still widely available: ice hockey (se- 
lected games); bobsled and luge qualifying 
rounds, and alpine siding, including the 
women's downhill final. 

reds, mustard yellows and grays, and coolly 
illuminat ed by antique street lamps. 

But for all its winter postcard charm. Lil- 
Lehammer is very different from the flashy, 
utterly trendy winter resorts of the Rodries 
or the Alps. LaMiaming seems determined 
to preserve its earnest way of life. It is a 
measure of the Zeitgeist here, for example, 
i hat the athletes' apartments in die Olympic 
Village will be converted to housing for the 
elderly once the games are over, and a disco- 
theque rebuilt as a Lutheran church. 

With such short days (sunrise in mid- 
January is after 9 A. M. and sunset before 
3:30 P. M.) and biting cold, winter demands 

to be taken seriously in these latitudes. Even 
Ts most fas 

Tbr YortTmc* 


HILE many of the events will 
center on UUehammer and its 

nearby mountain plateaus, oth- 

ers are widely dispersed across 
To i 

Norway’s rugged inland. To the north is the 
httle town of Ringebu, 31 miles up the steep . 
Gudbrandsdalen Valley, and the site of both 
the men’s and women's downhill races. Thir- 
ty-six mfles to tbe south, on the way up from 
Oslo, is H a mar , where the speed and figure 
skating competitions will take place along- 
ke Mjosa, ii 

side Lake Mjosa, in a spectacular new arena 
that resembles the overturned hull of a Vi- 

king ship. Just across the lake, in tbe indus- 
trial town of Gjovflc, ice hockey games will 
"be played in a dazzling stadium, literally 
carved out of a rock cavern. 

The Norwegian government and private 
investors have spent more than 51 trillion 
here, preparing for the 16 days of competi- 
tion. Traffic tunnels have been bored under 
the city .new sewer and water lines have been 
laid and shiny arenas have risen against the 
mountains. Chi the outskirts of town, along- 
side the E-6 highway from Oslo, a McDon- 
ald's opened in December, inoontrovertible 
proof mat this dozy Nordic town has made it 
Into the fast lane of international resortdom. 

Among Winter Olympic sites. Lffleham- 
mer is the most northerly city ever chosen, 
112 miles past Oslo, which wai host to the 
games in 1952, and more than 600 miles 
. dosertatbe North Pole tiran-isCalgsay, the 
site of the~1988 games! Despite 
ous setting, it is also one of the lowest winter 
sports venues in terms of altitude. The tity 
center is only 590 feet above sea level; while 
the mountains climb nearly straight above, 
the valley, the surrounding mountain pla- 
teaus are well below 4,0 00 feet. 

Theheartof theoWtownisStorgaten, tbe” 
graceful pedestrian mail where; the 19th-, 
century wooden facades of shops and houses 
have been restored to. their qri^nal palette of 

in the town’s most fashionable restaurants, it 
is not uncommon to see a woman arrive for 
dinner in a sleek skirt' and jacket — and 
y, knee-high wool socks, which she then 
i off and stuffs into her overcoat pocket 
fore strolling into the dining room. 

ORWAY’S passion for cross- 
country siding surprised even the 
oigtmizera of the lillehammer 
games, who found themselves 
earlier this year by. more than 
250,000 requests for the 30,000 tickets allo- 
cated to cross country and biathalon, events 
that went begging for spectators at the last 
Winter Olympics, in Albertville, France. To 
accommodate the demand, the organizers 
decided that anyone with the energy and 
endurance to ski or snowshoe into the sur- 
rounding woods should be free to stand 
along the course and watch, without a ticket. 
' While there are plenty^ roeedy juns^to 
'satisfy downhillskiers — the Ohrm^cahrine 
. sites at both Hafyell and KvitfjelL, norm of 
Lfllehammer, offer night skiing as well, and 
will be open to casual skiers even during the 
games — the careful detail in local tourist 
brochures is devoted to the extraordinary 
network of cross-country trails. In the moun- 
tain regions around Lillehammer, there are 
nearly 300 miles of marked trails, including 
more than 65 miles on the outskirts of Ulle- 
hammer , 





Bi-rr; . 






Directed by Jonathan 
Demme. U.S. 

Set in tbe Gty of Brotherly Love 
for ironic reasons, “Ptnladd- 
phza," like so many classics of 
this lofty genre (“To Kill a 
Mockingbird"), tries the beliefs 
of the American people. Are 
they as noble as they imagine? Is 
not this a land where all men are 
created equal — or must they be 
straight men? The film is not just 
canny, corny and blatantly pa- 
triotic, but compassionate, com- 
pelling and emotionally devas- 
tating. Denzel Washington plays 
Joe Miller, a crafty ambulance 
chaser who advertises on TV. It’s 
be, not his cheat. Andrew Beck- 
ett (Tom Hanks), who needs to 
change. Though he has commit- 
ted himself to the law, Joe is a 
judgmental man. Homosexuals 
make Joe's skin crawl Andrew, 
on tbe other hand, is a spiritually 
evolved human being — just, 
forgiving and kind. Yes. hie is 

dymg of AIDS, hut that is imr a 
matter of character, as the movie 
points out. Well on his way to 

the next world, be is already 
half-man, balf-angd when be 
asks Joe to represent him in a 
suit against his framer employer. 
Andrew, tbe young top gun in a 
prestigious law firm, has beat 
fired for alleged incompetence, 
but he is sure that it’s because he 
has AIDS. Boldly acted and su- 
perbly directed, “Philadelphia” 
has as much to-say about the 
grief of parting as it does about 
equal rights and tbe beauty of 

(Rita Kempley, WP) 

Dsath WWi 5: 

Tim Face of Death 

Directed by Alan Goldstein. 

Among the devices used to 
maim, torture and kill in 
“Death Wish 5; The Face of 
Death" are an industrial sewing 
machine, a steam press, an acid- 
ic chemical bath and a shrink- 

vkarai who is then suspended 
an a hook hire an item of laun- 
dry. “Death Wish 5" is the lat- 
est, and one hopes the last in 

the 20-year series starring 
Charles Branson as Paul Ker- 
sey, a middle-class dvfliazi who 
takes the .law into his own 
hands. While Bronson goes 
through the motions of revenge 
with hrs characteristic delibera- 
tion, he looks puffy and sounds 
tenzrinaliy bored. 

(Stephen Holden, HIT) 

In the Wama of fta ' 

Directed by Jim Sheridan. 


Collaborating triumphantly 
again with Daniel Day-Lewis 
(after the Oscar-winning “My 
Left Foot” in 1990), Sheridan 
shows tbe same ability to tefi a 
stray both mattet-of-ractiy and 
metaphorically. His direction is 
plain and amazingly resonant, 
pinpointing all the larger mis- 
1 — ’ — is that shaped the 

. i fate of Gerry Con- 
loo, a young . Belfast ne’er-do- 
well. Ostensibly the tale of one 
tag glaring iigostke, “In the 
Name ot the Fatiux” actually 
delves much deeper, -emerging 

as a fervent indictment of the 
bitterness between English and 
IRA partisans. Already ad- 
mired- as a startlingly inventive 
actor, Day-Lewis gives another 
dazzling performance in what is 
so far tbe rde of his career. As 
played rogrippingly and mrore- 
dictably; the film’s GenyCon- 
km is anything but a one-di- 
mensional fall guy. As the film’s 
settings move from tity streets 
to courtroom and then to pris- 
on, “In the Name of the Fa- 
ther” sustains a devastating 
simplicity and a cool, watchful 
tone. Among the actors who 
contribute to its steely natural- 
ness are Pete Postleth waite, 
both fond and caustic as Ger- 
ry's father, Giuseppe, in an un- 
i m agma b le predicament, and 
Emma Thompson as the Con- 
Ions’ crusading legal counsel 
“In tbe Name of the Father” 
has a title that evokes both fa- 
milial devotion and prayer. A 
personal tragedy and a plea fetr 
reason, Sheridan’s tou g h , rivet- 
ing fflm succeeds on both 

SCOiei (Janet Mastin, NYT) 


5fc*- -•= 

V -■ 



&- v ■■■; 





i Wont with 
blood or touch 

a Pouch 
■ Dollop 
ii Fantasized 
16 TV host 
irAbbr on a 
grocery list 

1» TV host 

30 With rapid 

31 Golf course 

22 Letters of 


25 Network: Abbr. 

2» One of the 

2S With 23- Across, 
an anatomical 

29 See above 
at Produce 
32 TV host 
a« Insubstantial 
38 women's wear 

Solution to Parade of Jan. 20 

□sns naBna naaa 
□□as Sanaa naan 
asananaana aana 
gaaas saaasaaa 
anuaas saaa 
HBOE3B aaaaaa 
anas hhsei aaBsa 
naa asaanBo aaa 
□nano asaa aaaa 
□snaaa aanaa 
aaaa aannaa 
aansaasQ □□aaa 
mass aaaaaaanaa 
bbhh aanan nssa 
□aaa aaana aaaa 

with -the" 

40 Mme-carioad 
42 Emiing tor pay 
4» TVs Sharkey 

4«w.w. iienitstee 
49 Threefold 
si TV host 
54— —nee 
MTV host 

57 Kind of 
sa Stooge name 


and the 


ao Passbook abbr. 
St Junior 


i Christmas 

3— way (yield 
a return) 

4 Staff 

a Dick's Veep 
aUke hung 

r Roy of Senate 
■ Bust she 

9 Give K 


11 Grocery seetton 

12 T 

18 Honored 

ra "Bugs' 
if Beastly 
aa James Harriot, 

- 9-3- 
24 Before . 

zr Marino of Miami . 
fla Man-mouse fink 
at Navigator's 
work area 
» More than 

.33 Vivify 
part ner 

O New York Times Edixed by Will Shorts 

m Cortez quest 

37 Alley 

4i Sappho's poet 

43 Kind of wonder 

a Lash of the West so Russian Johns 

4« Rodeo yell B 2 45 and 78, a.g. 

47 Asylum seeker S3 Cranky 
eiFBBwasniury *4 Banned gi^i 

- date ' TBWrtte . 

:? v 

vu;-,- . 

■■ ** l _j’ • 

-» Jt.: 



iSstfl i ILL : ' 

L>* YzSjP 


International Herald Tribune 
Friday, January 21, 1994 
Page 9 


Cutting Corners on Airline Tickets 


International Herald Tribune 

LANNDMG a bnaocsff trip these 
days can tie roore cdn^cated thari 
doing buaness when you get thee. 
With first class costing twice tina- 
ness class, winch in iunrtan bemreetrmesas 
j much as an economy excursum ticket, you 
can easily pay a lot more for alotless. Faced 
with a blizzard of discount fares, upgrades, 
promotional offers and^ the maze of fre- 
quent-flier awards, it’s somettme£'hanl to 
profit from a buyer's market Hoe’s a cbcck- 
list to help yon stay ahead of the game: 

• Before picking up the phone ask your : 
self some questions Ax&yon wncemed pri- 
marily with price or ihe fastesi routing? How 
much flexmQity do yon need? How much 
would you saenfice for a better price? -Are 

■ you prepared to change planes twice to earn 
1 /Tcquent-fSer mfles? 

• Check airline deals and promotions: 
Two-for-onc offers represent a 50-percent 
discount cm both tickets. But companion 
fares only give 25 percent. You may be better 
off with a free upgrade Look out for doable 
or triple bonus-point promotions in yonr 
frequeot-Bier programs. 'Watch, for exten- 
sions of cut-off dates. 

f . • It sometimes pays to pay fall fare: The 

) best bargain if you are able to use thefleri- 
llv bility, not only by being able io switch flights 

* U and carriers ana make unlimited stopovers, 
but by exploiting IATA ‘tare construction" 
rules allowing you to fly up to 25 percent 
more miles between twopconts eather free or 
for a small surcharge. Inas you can scane- 
times save as much as 30perceat bycomhin- 
ing separate round-trips on the same ticket 
valid for a year. A fall-fare ticket is usually a 
prerequisite for _ two-fOT-one-prmoticms, 
upgrades and hi gh er mileage credits. Virgin 
starts flying London-Hong Bring Feb. 21 
with aMid-Gass (full economy) round-trip 

fare of £1,200, or about $1,800. (Cathay and 
British Airways amenity charge £L9Q6 i 
business class). 



• Cross-border bobbing: Most airlines do 
deals in a neighboring market, which means 
it often pays to choose a foreign airiine viaits 
main hub. A trans-Atlantic bargain this win- 
ter (until March 15) is Icdandairs $360 
roond-trip Baltimore/New York to Luxem- 
bourg — via Reykjavik (with a stopover 

fit / ref ten frsrelcr 

option); or round-trip business class from 
I^drin. at £756 instead of the normal £2,100 
charged by most nonstop carriers. German 
business travelers can buy a round-trip 

Frankfurt-New York (via Concorde to and 

from Paris) with Air France for 7,432 Deut- 
sche marks, or about $4,350 (instead of 9,170 
DM) valid to March 31. There is a similar 
deal from London via Paris. 

• You can often cut the cost of full-faro 
travel in all classes on long-haul routes by up 
ro 60 percent by buying your ticket through a 
flight consolidator — travel agents who dis- 
count airiine seats at less than the published 
fare. A consolidator ticket is valid for a year 
and fully flexible, except that you can't 
change to another carrier. Wagpns-Lits 
Travel in Paris quotes 15,200 francs (about 
$2*500) for a round-trip business-class ticket 
Paris-New York on American Airlines/ Air 
France against a published fare of 17,800 
francs, while Paris-Hong Kong on Swissair 
via Zunch or Geneva is 18,000 francs against 
29,450 francs. A drawback with consolida- 
tor fares: They don’t usually earn frequent- 
flier bonus points, and can’t be used for 

•All the major U. SL and Canadian cam- 
os market air passes for travel on thrir 
domestic networks. They can save you up 70 
percent on the coach (economy) fare. A good 
way to combine economy with a degree of 

flexibility is to use a pass in combination 
with an "open-jaw” APEX/PEX ticket (fly 
to one gateway and back from another, say 
Paris-New York and Los-Angdes-Paris). 

• If you are traveling at least halfway 
around the world in either direction, a 
round- the- world fare can save you up to 40 
percent on first, business class and full econ- 
omy. Except for the first leg — which you 
must book 14 days ahead — you can change 
flights as often as you like. You can change 
your routing for a nominal charge. You must 
make at least three stopovers and stay away 
at least 14 days, but tickets are valid for one 
year. There are dozens of prices, routes and 
airline combinations. A British Airways- 
Umted RTW business-class ticket routed 
London-New Y ork-Chicago- Los Angel es- 
Tokyo-Hong Kon g-Singap orc-Lon don costs 
£2,471 compared with a Loudon-Tokyo 
round-trip fare of £3,241. 

n't mt nrn 

D*cidtt priorities 

Do decide your priorities and how much 
flexibility you need before calling the travel 
agent or reservations desk. Be dear 
about what you’re offered and ask for 

Comparison shopping 

Do compare advertised discount fares 
and special promotions, consolidator fares. 

Splitting tickets 

Docheck fares at each end of a route. It 
can make sense to bipan initial one-way 
ticket to a country with a weaker 
currency and a series of round-trips at the 
other end. 




Kunstforum dor Bank Austria tel: 
(222) 531-24, open dally. Continu- 
ing /To Feb. 20; “Barack fin Neapel." 



Royal Academy of Arts, teT (71) 
430-7438, open datty. To April 2: 
‘The Unknown. MoargRan)." More 
than 400 drawings by bafiah artist 
Amedeo Modlgflanl from 1006 .to 
1924, until how the most obscure 
period In his Die. The drawtngs were 
purchased and coHected by Paul 
Alexandre who became the painter’s 
closest Wend and only patron upon 
his arrival In Paris in 1908L.. 

PEMMAMt - *" 

Copenhagen . _ • • 

■ oa. -Pu^SSirTSSai " 1 ttxkluoM' 

by Tadeosz WoJclechcwslcwWCa- 
brieia Ceootea end, Daniel J4unat. 
Jan. 29, ftto. Z 10.12 and 16,. . 



Musfie du Louvre, tefc 4<W0 ; 80^0, 
dosed Mondays. To April 18: " 
toman ia: L'Egypte dans PArt 

dental 1750-1930." Egypt as a 
source, of inspiration. Features 250 
pieces, including paintings, furniture, 
sculptures and architectural projects 
showing the fascination of Ancient 
Egypt for Western altsts. The exhibi- 
tion will travel to Ottawa and Vienna. 
Op6ra Comlque, tel: 42-96-12-20. 
Britten's “A Midsummer Night's 
Dream." Directed by Ftobert Careen, 
conducted by Steuart Bedford, wtth 
James Bowman, (Jen Watson. ErraJ 
Wok. Feb. 7. 9, 11, 15 and 17. 


671-4654, closed Sundays. To Jan, 
31: "fn India, by Henri Cartter-Bree- 
son." Photographs taken in 1948 
when the photographer was able to 
cover the test, oeaih and funeral of 
Mahatma Gandhi. 



Oper dor Stadt KOtn, Id: f 221 ) 221- 
8221. Beethoven's “Fidelfo." Direct- 
ed by Hans Neugebauer, conducted 
by Lothar Zagrosek, with Ben 
Heppnar, Usbeth Balaev endHart- 
mut Welker. Feb. 18 . 

WUppertal ; 

Von der Heydt-Museurn, tel (202) 
563-6231. closed Mondays. To 
-March 2R ‘ Yon.CnMaph Ws Monet" 
*80 European masterwortca from the 
rational Art Museum In Bucharest. 
These palntfngs coJtected by Carol I, 
kJha of Romania from 1 881 to 1914, 
include works by Cranach, Rubens, 
Murtflo, Monet and Renoir. 



The Gallery. of Photography, tel: 


Palazzo Ducale, tel: (41) 522-49- 
51, open daily. To April 30: "Arte 
Islamlca In Italia. ” A selection of ob- 
lecte borrowed Irom major itaRan col- 
lections which outline the develop- 
ment of tetanic art throughout the 
centuries, it includes bronzes, silver 
and gold objects, crystals, aid car- 

3323656, dosed Mondays. To Feb. 
20: “From Ritual to Romance - Paint- 
ings Inspired by Bali." This exhibi- 
tion, jointly organized by the Singa- 
pore Art Museum and the Neka 
Museum in Ubod, Bali, brings Togeth- 
er more than 70 paintings of Ball seen 
through the eyes of both Indonesian 
and foreign artists. 



Grand Thdfltre, tel: (22) 31 1-23-1 1 . 
Beethoven's "Fldello." Directed by 
Johannes Schaaf, conducted by 
Frtedemann layer, with Dean Peter- 
son, Falk Srruckmann, Thomas 
Moser and Catherine Malfitano. Jan. 
31, Feb. 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18. 



National Museum of Western Art, 
tel: (3) 3828-5131 , closed Mondays. 
To April 3: "Great French Paintings 
from the Barnes Collect] on." Pictures 
selected from the collection of Dr. 
Albert C. Bames fcn PWtedelptna. who 
acquired an exceptional selection of 
19tn- and 2Dtfwrentury paintings. 
Features works' by Renoir, Manet. 
Seurat, Picasso and Modfgflanf, 
among ethers. 



Naw York 

Guggenheim Museum SoHo, tel: 
(212) 423-3840, dosed Tuesdays. 
To Feb. 28: 'Watercotofs by Kan- 
dinsky." Focuses on the arttelrs oeu- 
vre aa tt developed from 1911 In Mu- 
nich, through his years in Russia, at 
the Bauhat* and nnalty in Paris in the 
early 1940s. 

Metropolitan Museum of Art tel: 
(212) 570-3951, dosed Mondays. 
To April 3: "Degas Landscapes." 61 
pastels, monotypes and oil paintings 

National Museum Art Gallery, lei: ney through Burgundy 

by Degas, many inspired b^hte jour- 


By Michael Crichton. 405 pages. 
$24. Alfred A. Knopf. $24. 

Reviewed by Orristopher 

1 7 you think Japan got a bashing 
in Michael Crichton's “Rising 
San," just wait till yon see what 
happens to the cause of equal op- 
portunity in his clever new novel, 
“Disdoanti” about, a semal-ha- 
rassment soft- . 

The story opens with its protago- 
nist, Tom Sanaera, looking forward 
to the acquisition of -the Seatfle- 

. 1 . - OiaL 


• Grade Masses, who found 
fame in New York’s Bast Village art 
scene by changing hear name to that 
of the of&aal resufencc of tbe mayor 
of 'New Yack, is. Trading “Drums 

“It was smart, funny and ; 
turous. I learned not to cut my arils 
when the mooais fuD and to always 

recent binges ^*Whtoton S 
Rhys.” • (John Bnoaon, 1ST) 


tal Comniunications, by a New 
Yorit publishing crniglomeraie. 
T his merger stands to bnng Tom a 
promotion as well . as lucrative 
stock options when tbe division he 
works for goes public. 

But whea^ Tom arrives late at the 
office, because he has helped feed 
the children, he teuns «at Mer- 
fditb Johnson, a flame from 10 
years earlier, has been rival toe. 
promotion instead, by a^boss wno 
apparaitiy wants to enhance toe 
rofeof women in the company. 

Swallowing ins rancor, Tamao- 
cepts the invitation d his new boss 
to a day'tHmd briefing m bet 
locked office with a bottle of wsae. 
When Meredith odes » 
their sexual past, Ttma evwttoa By 
protests. Funoos at the rgectroo, 


■ adrasioo of the 


BmkL - than capitulate, he decides 

-to hire a lawyer and 
Now, Mere^tli 

Crichton paints tec, bm*™ 

: IS 

r," says tbe lawyer vtoom Tom 
, Louise Fcrnaxidcz, “and so is 
the oMnpany's resistance to 
with krow protects jpower. 
once a woman gets op in tbe power 
structure, shell be protected by the 
stro ctnre. the same as a man.* 5 
■ The anther wants ns to know 
that while only 5 percent of sexual 
harassment suits are brought by 
men against women, only 5 percent 
of corporate supervisors are wom- 
en. As Fernandez cooctudes:. “So 
(he fignees suggest that .women ex- 
.ecutives harass men in the same 
propaitkst as men harass women: 
And as morewomoi get corporate 
jobs, toe percentage of dams try 
karaponait is a. power issue. And 
power is nrithcr mafcnOTfianalc.” 
Finally, Crktoton c^ers an after- 
word m which he solemnly intones: 

"The advantage of a rale-reversal 
story is that it may enable us to 
examine aspects concealed by tta- 
ditiema] rehouses and ccnwankn- 
■al rbetooa However readers re- 
- spend to this stray, it is important 
to recognize that toe behavior of 
the two antagonists mirrors each 
other; like a Rorschach inkblot 
The value of a Rorschach test hes 
in what it tells us about ourselves.” 
Can you flank a Rorschach test? 
Why, you almost feel ashamed for 
sme" and for cheenng on Tran, toe 
poor innocent, and hissing at Mer- 
ediih, the wk scheming wretch! 

• Still, you do get involved, to the 

. paint where you worry more about 

the stray than tbe issues. So along 
with rooting for Tom, you wonder 
about certain technical flaws in the 
book's elaborate narrative. 

Why, for example, can the story 
switch away from Tom's point of 
view when it serves to heighten the 
tension, but not when it might sat- 
isfy the reader’s cariosity? Why 
does so much depend oa Tom’s 
errant memory when a major at- 
tack. in tbe book is leveled 

i’s errant memories? 
Actually, I know the answer to 
these questions. Crichton’s only 
real concern is to keep his pot bofl- 
ihg. In fact, “Disclosure’* reads as if 
a fourth of it were dedicated to 
answering seme editor querying its 
potential unplansibilities. 

Still, toe results keep yoor blood 
boding, too. “Disclosure” is an 
elaborate provocation of rage in 
which a thousand fragments of re- 
venge finally fall into place. 
Meanwhile, Crichton also irrele- 
vantly entertains os with a complex 
vision of tbe digital future, com- 
plete with csltulaijphoaes the site 
of credit cards, CD-ROM players 
that can store 600 books and data- 
base arvironments you can virtual- 
ly walk around in with tte guidance 

of a helpful angd who cracks wise. 

Thai ihia vision is SO twirii fan 
and so easy to follow seems pleas- 
antly flattering. It partly makes up 
for the discomfort of enjoying in 
“Disclosure" what is deep down an 
old-fashioned battle of the sexes. 

Christopher Lehmam-Haupt is 
at the staff of The New York Times. 


By Alan-Truscott 

A recent study of the bridge 
players of Eastern Long & 
land found a giant wefrof mtcrcon- 
necting partnerehips at a group of 
duplicate dubs. A player might 
have a regular date to with A 
on tbe first Sunday of the nvpnlh,B 
on rite first Monday, ’and so on. 
Many play five times a week, and 
therefore have 20 regular dates, rf. 
though some data way bc weckly 
rather than, monthly. If a&ed for a 
date by a newcomer, a player is 

/mother fifth, once those are^sbt 
pennanentfy reserved; . . 

. This web of connections pro- 
vides ahdpfblnetWMt after events 
like retirement, or toe death , of a 
spouse. A stove* found that toe 
average age of me players m one 
game was over 65. The 
player was 47, and toe' 

More than 75 percent were wranffl. 

This information is drawn from 
a papa, ‘The Elderiy Duplicate 

land/’ written by Adds Dusenbnry 
of Greenpcat, Long Island. Ms. 
Dusenbnry, is herself an enthusi- 
ast, and hdd the Socth cards on the 
diagramed deaL 

TWfinaljnnq) to four hearts was 
aggressive, but a more cautious 
pant invitation would have led to 
I f. fame resnh. The opening spade 
lead was won with the ace, and 
trumps were drawn. Now Smith 
had to guard against a bad spade 
split. She played a chib to the ace 
and surrendered a dub trick. 

' Since East had both king and 
queen of diamonds, there was no 
defense: East chose to win and lead 
-the diamond king. Sooth won with 
dummy’s ace, ruffed a dub and 
gave up a diamond. East had to 

give a raff and duff, and one of toe 
potential spade k»m disappeared, 
giving South her game. 


O A 10 

♦ A 100 


o 4 O J 10 8 

08Bfi5 I5?« a 

*QJ94 *K85a 


* AK78 

East, and Vest were vulnerable. 

Srto* Bn Eaa South West 
l* Pass Fes* 

20 Pa* F*» 

Pass Pass 

West led the spade queen. 

it ./ tuni: soil nun mu 





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Write Uk Brooke Pilley, 

International Herald Tribune, 

18 1 Avenue Charie»de-GauUe. 92521 NenlUy Cedex, France. 

Page 10 


_ Thursday's Closing 

Tables Include the nationwide prices up to 
the dosing on Wall Street and do not reflect 
Late trades eteewhere. Via The Associated Press 

v as s • 

■ H M =, 



V • * 


THE TRIB INDEX: 114 J 33 j| 

by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1,19 92- IQQ- __ 

inn l : : : • • - i 

r^c, &:■ 

To Adopt 

■' '/i •■ .'••' • • •' * • ••• . .•■ ••fj/J 

yes2*^0® $$: 'Ci * 1 •*•'.; ;• 

M^SLl Herald T ribune, Friday, January 21. 1994 

l Vo More 'Lazy ’ Americans 

Honda Entrusts Top Car to U.S. J’lanl* 

« Janan’s former prime_ minister, Kiicl 

Page 11 

Aoxol Mating: 3TO> 
Ctese: 116.49 PiW-‘11U1 


Hi WBPitw... 
a. s. o m: d j a s » 1W 

Approx. wlrfAiff 32% 

O fflw ; 19193 PlBV- ttZ84 

140 — 

130 J W j^V \ 
120 rW L - 1 

fipptin- ~ 

CfaBa 142*3 PtW- 138.19 

North America 

Approx weighs# 26% 

Ctosa B&82 PIWA9&63 

— - - j 

*, 8 0 N 0 ,* ins ■« 

vfaMtata — . m 

Seagram’s Stake 
Sparks Concerns 

By Lawrence Malkin 

International Herald Tribune 

NEW YORK — Time Warner 
Inc. disclosed Thursday that us : di- 
rectors have approved a speoalis- 
sue of poison pul stock, if needed, 
to y pq? Seagram Co. at arms 
length as that company continues 
to set up alliances in the communi- 
cations industry . 

The plan, announced after aea- 
gram disclosed to the Secuntus 
and Exchange Commission that it 

had raised its Time Warner holding 

to 11.7 percent from 10.4 percent, 
would trigger a special rights issue 

if anyone owned more than 15 per- 
cent of the company’s stock — the 
figure that Seagram has set as its 

'^Edgar Bronfman Jr., the 37-year- 
old president of the multinational 
liquor company, is the s don of °ne 

has dabbled in the movie business. 

He expressed interest in Time 
Warner after American securities 
regulations farced him to disclose 
Ins purchases of its stock m the 
open market. Clamring he was m- 
• . located in Time Warner only as an 
investment, he met with its man- 
a jament , bat no agreements were 
reached. Nor was there any mwta- 
tion for Mr. Bronfman to jom the 
- • board. . . . 

TBe rights now.approved by the 
i. j h«w tii#* rffcr.t of oer- 

By Warren Brown 
and Frank Swoboda j 

Washington Post Service j 

WASHINGTON — The myth of the lazy Amer- 
ican worker may be in jeopardy, thanks to Honda 

“?£[ Smpmy announced < 1 * “™. lh ( fe “ 
build its Acura luxury cars at its Ohio factories, 
SrkiS SEE* dn a Japanese carmak^ 
mtnS one of its premium luxury products to 

Al ^a I 19^ C ^>an cse automdcCTS have been 

an imagp^der, into the hands of Amen- 

^though the use of American writers i to bufld 
flvrJrvdwfnreim luxury cars is a trend largely 

225S£IT*i» “ *“-* 

comoetmee of American workers is no 
loM^anSerSd Susan Jacobs, president of 
Jteobs & Associates, anj njamonve ■^ eun Z “ d 
research firm in Rutherford. New Jersey. 

The Honda announcement comes as German 
hunnv car builders BMW and Mercedes-Benz AG 
Setting up plants to assembJe vehiclK m toe 

United Stares and asTpyotoM^ Ccm u 

panding its manufacturing ketones in Kentucty 
rS making its new, Av *“ 

fan^odan, pneed at more than S 20 . 000 . _ _ 

Pot years, Japanese politicians have pflloned 
American workers. 

tanan's former prime minister, Kiichi 1 
Miv^awa. said durinE a parliamentary discussion 1 
ioFebruan- 1992 that he felt Americans may have 

Speaker YoshioSa- 
kurauchi called the United Staw“Japm s subcon- 
iiacior " a countrv that had lost its leading manu 
Sbg eSr^tise many Andean workers 
can't read Tand don’t want u> work. 

^And then there was the riew of 

ers offered by Kabun Mot o. a senior member of 

'The competence of I 

American workers is no 
longer an issue/ 

Susan Jacobs, head of an automotive 
marketing and research firm. 

Japan's Liberal Democratic Party. 
some of Detroit’s quality problems to autocoders 
“who play too hard on Saturdays and Sundays, 
ZiLg consumers waxy of buying any car built on 

a BulMeof the biggest hurdles that ^P^raeand 
otter foreign automakers have had io 
u-usting American workers is the United States s 

"“S* smng by a tong runof 
low-quality products from Detroit, often 
U.S.-built cars with manufacturmg inferiority, ac- 

See LAZY. Page 14 

Intimacy Proves 
Too Much for 

Guinness, LVMH 

f liina Battle Cry on Inflation 

By Jacques Neber [J! 

jniemaitonaJ Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The French luxury 

eraup LVMH and the British spir- 
its company Guinness PLC said 

Thursday that they would umangje J 

their 6 -year-old cross-sharehold- ^ 

deal would provide 11 bil- 
lion francs (SI.B 6 billionl for 
LVMH while protecting Guinness 
from any further ™wanwd diversi- 
fication moves by LVMJTs flain- 
boyant chairman, Bernard Arnault 
In the process. Guinness wiD ^t 
a lock on Moft Heanessy, the 
champ agne and cognac division cm 
LVMH, thus preventing us sale to 
any third pam and assuring tne 
future of a profitable joint venture 
that distributes the companies 
wine and spirits worldwide. 

Judging from the market reac- 
tion. Guinness got the better deal 
Its shares soared 10.8 percent, to 
522 pence, in London, while stoex 
in LVMH Moet Hennessy Loins 
Vuitton SA sank 3.42 percent, to 
3,899 francs. Associated quoted 
companies controlled by Mr. Ar- 
nault declined as well. 

J “it’s much better for Guinness to 

have a less costly but more power- 
ful direct stake in the business in 
which it is active than to have its 
money tied up in a larger entity. 
t irwu ntintf invest meats in ora- 

tion that LVMH was preparing a 

bid for Le Figaro, the conservauve 
daily owned by the press magnate 
Robert HersanL vf . . . 

On Thursday. Lydie LeNuuvm, 
LVMH spokeswoman, said rae i n- 
bune and lnvesiir acquiriuons rep- 
resented “a trial" cm which to base 
future media diversifies uon, and 
declared that “we're not at au 
about to buv Le Figaro. She said 
no other media purchases would be 
made this year. 

7T» Index I met* US. dtH v I 


Industrial Sectors 

25 dig. •• •• - 

iintai 134.45 in&~M2 MW* mn 12MB AB . 

M IntnmnBonal HotM Ti*i 

THa fan. 
don daw 

- ■ r i • O mtomeflwwl H«i«« frtwne. 

- -- - v L' j— : — 

DOaiU WVUiu u»™ — s 

reining other stockholders to buy 
TnneWamer stock at a discount ^if 
Mr. Bronfman’s holdings exceed 15 
wateoL thus dflutmgtbe stock and 
(jireinudiiiig the strength of any un- 
wanted takeover bid. 

Ibis would not prevent an out- 
right offer for cash — wlnchwouM 
probably have to be worth wdl 
above S10 billion —but company 

inaden said Time Warner wgrf 

to avoid the example set by rara- 
reount Gommnmcatioiu Corpn 
winch is now cangbt and 
will eventually be dismembered in 
a Wall Street bidding war of nval 

See SEAGRAM, Page 12 

By Kevin Murphy 

International Herald Tribune 

HONG KONG — Expressing 

fears that the battle to regain con- 
trol of Gima’s economy is far from 

over, two senior leaders urpd a 
tighter central rein over credit and 
consumer prices in comments pub- 
lished Thursday across ChiniL 
The candid admissions by Presi- 
dent Jiang Zemin and Deputy 
Prime Minister Zhu Rongp that 
social stability is at risk from run- 
away price increases heightened 
concerns that Chinese inflation is 
again accelerating. 

-We are sdU far from setting up 
a risk mechanism to effectrvely re- 
strain investment and the inflation- 


reer Shanghai mayor who received 
the assignment last year of bringing 
the economy back from the brink 
of fast-growth chaos. 

“The planned total credit line 
must not be exceeded even by one 
wan," Mr. Zhu warned at the dose 
of four-day banking conferojee. 
The session affirmed that credit in 
China would remain tight and raat 

new lending would be resinctedto 
fixed assets investment and infra- 
structure projects. 

The articles appeared to be 
aimed at allaying foreign investors 
fears that China, faced 

fears that China, faced with amj 
plex social problems and fin ancial 
constraints, cannot engmeer a 
smooth landing for its high-flying 

e0 ^eople don’t mind inflation 

that is high," said Paul Schulte, an 
anal yst With CS First Boston 1 U 
Honk Kong, describing foreign 
perceptions of China's economy. 
“But they start io get nervous when 

they see it accelerating." _ 

Fresh evidence of inflationary 
potential emerged Thursday with 
the news that Chinas industrial 
output had surged a record-setting 
35.4 percent in December from a 
year earlier. , . 

The report on staltMun televi- 
sion news also said that pn«s ted 
increased sharply in Decanter but 
did not give the monthly inflation 

fi ^nJuly, Mr. Zhu introduced a 1 6 
point plan designed to conuol 
1 credit expansion and slow growth 

, See CHINA, Page 12 

money ucu up “-o-- . f i 
LVMH, whose investments in oth- 
er areas it can't ^njrolsajda 
finanaer close to the deal . LVMH 
shareholders, on the otter hand, 
thought they had invested m a lux- 
ury company and now they see the 
chairman going in differem direc- 

Insiders sav that Guinn ess v^s 
never entirely happy with the 1987 
cross-shareholding arrangemmi- £ 
which the companies acquired 24 
percent stakes in each otter, but 
that its discontent with Mr. Ar- 
nault mounted last autumn- At that 
time LVMH made its first move 
out of the luxury secj^S 
La Tribune, a troubled daily bust 
ness newspaper, and lnvesiir, an 
investment magazine. 

In stating recently that he was 

. 1 .minlKlK! Ill Uie tnC- 

maue uua . . 

But analysis remain skepucau 
“Now Arnault is free to do what- 
ever he wants," said Cdcile d Es- 
mis. a Paribas Capital Markets an- 

f Guinness won’t 
have its money tied 
up in a larger 
entity whose 
investments it 
can’t control.’ 

ajysL “LVMH always denies it wig 
do something, and then it does iL 
The accord bolsters the power ol 
Mr. Arnault, who took command 
of LVMH —with the help of Guin- 
ness — after a bitter boardroom 
battle in 1989. Mr. Arnault, who 
already controlled the Christian 

i Dior and Christian Ucroix fashion 

1 houses through his holding compa- 
» nv Finanrifcn; Agache, added the 
- LVMH stable of famous names. 
e including Mofit & Chandon and 
*■ Dom Pferignon champagnra. Hen- 
nessy cognac, Christian Dior and 
* Conchy perfume, and Louis 
7 Vuitton leather goods. 
n in the deal. Guinness wdl sen ns 

14 24 percent stake in LVMJL hdd 
il indirectiy through theMdW| 
r_ companies Jacques J ob ^ r 
at Christian Dior, to the Arnault 
re Group and Le Bon Marche for 
“S 1 1 85 billion francs. Arnault Group 

iVone of Mr. Arnault’s person^ 

3X1 holding companies; Le Bon 
Marche controls Chnsuan Dior, 
os At the same time, Guinness wdl 

S“ dwnk ’ ^ 13 

Northwest Air s Takeoff Near 

4 The outkxA for Northwest’s profitable routes to 

By Adam ^ a improving and tte 

Ynrk Tima Service n«*ablvraxxt a small profit lor rtefiwmquHrter., 

^^^Sa^may also be enthused by 
n^SSpSonmnce of Continental, whm^af^ 
KnntrrmtCV last VC 8 T, has Seen US 

By Adam Bryant 

New r«* nna Sent*] 

N EW YORK — Watdma dm neqaent 

surges and drops Sna&fWmKja 
enough to give even the nw^hmlw 

cuneol of $20 a share, 

may not get dsbeoed- ^ w oold be a. 

at Mabon _ «« crill thwe, and were 

Bundesbank Eases Policy on M 

. ^ssssr b»s« SEwSSS 

«*?unts. StSSa Show, signs of conun- 

Jntemational HeraUJ name accounts. 

FRANKFURT — Tte Bundes- Mayer, chief economist 

ten lr on Thursday left German m- ^ Qgjmany at Goldman Sachs m 
terest rates unchanged f or the seer said the prospect of tow- 

ond time this year, flashing ^ bank lending rates as a result ot 
markets a dear signal that it is change in rae m inim um resave 
more concerned about inflation re{ _ 1 j remcn t was more realistic 

fortb£ qQHrter ;- ond time this year Hashing erbanklendmRratra.asa r<»mot 

^JjSJrsmay also be enthused by tte recent markets a dear s®ial that rt is m the minimum resave 

«>SftSaSnce of Continental, which, after more concerned about inflation requ i remcn i was more realistic 

last year, has seen its exchange rales than about eas- m official interest 

recasiiytssucd shares trade upioughly 20 percent ^ quidcly. rates anytime soon. ^ 

In a separate maneuver, howev- Recc ni signs of slippage on the 
“SwstoBMy even take thdr oics from er,itlif^Sorfma^al bmtim ^ Bundesbank cares abo« 
some mraiwa u»j u a n Caro- ’ hanks in a bid to make sirenEthened the 

JClCUUJ lDflUkA* — * ~ _ 

aged buyouts, and neither had any equity at the 
time of their filings. ‘ . ^ f _ 

s cnrnmrisons are just that. _ . 

J . „ CT Hans Tjct - “There mustn't be any expert- 

sasESs? ssrsH 

5SsffiSs sr®»as 

fOTo, li.S. investments. “EffiSi- 

The timing of next Genmn in northern Germany, said . QCratic regime," he said, refer- 
in terest rate cul Bund^bankoffi' Thursday that he backed th „^J, e w^ar Republic, 
rials have said repeatedly m recent Bundesba nk’s recent decisions- nng io me w cui k 

weeks, depends primarily on new 

evidence that German mflationis r ^ — 1 

least admired ^juipames f Wndd Airitees at 
list of 404, w* 

403, bat worse AmCortmgto N^verfs fa- 
Sffl, there are ^^ t „ h ^ a ]^orfaithin 
vor.For<Hie,nnrest^s 9 eanto^ Imping up Hof 

Axm, valued at more kte jgst 

Afta Northwests e ^ < ^^j a t^to uptCT by 

Southwest Anfines. ■ 

the Himaesoms wmmw ‘*—•“3 
interest, the change in ite so-called 
minimum reserve requirement 
“lowers costs to lending institu- 
tions as a group and opens scope 
fora change in bank lending rates, 
the Bundesbank said. 

Bundesbank officials have often 
I criticized banks' delays in passing 
on cheaper credit to consumers. 

But whether lower interest rates 
are passed on immediately or not, 
the Bundesbank said its move to 
cut the minimum reserve require; 
meat to 5 percent of the banks 
sight deposits should enhance^ me 
attractiveness of banking m Ger- 
1 many. Depending on tte volume 
involved, banks currently have to 

■ares anytime soon. . evioeacc ui« 

In a separate imuiwu, ^-; - Receni signs of slippage on the abating and that 

er itlifted am^orfinancj^burdai ,he Bundesbank cares about mark is stable. 

on German banks in a bid to make mo|t -probably strengthened rar “The Bundesbank could easily 
them mare competitive and to mdi- j—jression it would be good to wan wait ^ March,”said Klaus Hols- 
reoly boost the German economy, mting the next step, sam chuh . ^ analyst ai Commerzbank 

which is stuck in its deepest rccea- ^ Mayer. “Beuer data m «biu- AG m Fnmtfurt. “They have to go 
sion in decades. ary would give the Bundesbank an s j ow iy on shon-ienn raxes to keep 

By reducing the amount of mon- 0 f w jrWnil y 10 lower rates ano faith m long-tenn rales alive, 
cy banks are required to depoatal £3^0*1 any negative effect against -nv- Bundesbank last lowered its 
the Bundesbank ^ mark ’" bc sai t ™ CT ,nnW beuSmark discount rate on Oct 

. AH those factors may oe mrau uuux mrensi, w 1 oc 

J^iw^to^ny offns offering. Bm these broad minimum reserve requirement ^ barometa- for motion, 

“towers costs to lending mstito- ovcrsh m tte Bund^l^ s offing 
to * its debt cut byi® tions as a groimand omw s^e ^ year and mfiaoorc^hi^ 

tomdFbSSuptcy courts and by kw labor costs. fora change m bank lendmg rates, w calculated at j-7 .P ^ 1 ¥J 

hs Tabor costs in tte conces- ^ Bundesbank said. December, is likely to rise again in 

swap but those costs are sched- Bundesbank officials have often Janiiar y as a result of new taxes and 

^^^^St^oldtevds after three yan. criticized banks’, delays in passmg ^gberfees for insurance, water and 
Anri vrhfle Kui t h west managed to reschedule ^ {Reaper credit to consumers. electricity. _ , 

mudi of its debt, its load remains high, with about But whether lower mterest ratal ^ addition, the Deutsche mark. 

$2 bfflion in repayments due in lS ^d 1997. are pped w mm^atdyOTnoti _____ — — 

nt>u»r roncems. wdehinE down Northwest in- the Bundesbank said ns move .to 

Bitive of.J IS biffion, and * cut toe Mp *«ll P1{»1S 

■ ; *SaSs4 , S!sr*««rt- sjyjsaMUS lueu “ , 

'gttsa ssar -gg SffiSs Asset Sales 

g5SSS»SS To Ping Loss 

cona^r an offering. toMarch to lower toe mmnmnn J^jJ^Sans u> tnm iisd 

DeucnuuuK -7 ~ <■ 

22. On Thursday, it left tte dis- 
count rate, its cheap«t rale on 
loans to commercial banks, un- 
changed at 5.75 percent and locked 
its market-sensitive repurchase rare 
for another two weeks at 6 parent, 
where it has been since mid- De- 
cember. , 

The Bundesbank’s wait-and-see 

Notice to the Unitholders of 

Mediolanum Selective Fund 

Unit Trust {Fonds Commun de Placement) 

1 1 . rue Aldringen. L-l 11 8 Luxembourg 

The Managmwni 

The Management Company win iq uni iholders. 

Lnxembon^ -as >«n 

units of toe hmd have been 
suspended with immediate effect. ^ Board of Dir eciore 

o. -curd on,,. 

consider an offoing. 


Jan. 20 

EuraeU rfWic]rD*poatt> 

Jffil. 20 

■. ■■■ , am. hs. w3 

' - La- i-SS 5S-S - — ss 

. - mu*) z!- !M *** MS?, nw MW »«• w» 

■y ; ss“ s « s « «- s-.a 

. '«m HS lS u» “L *es w* w» u» 

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'. IS ss 

: dastet M AmstnrdaOl ueidon. ^ a m' Mtooetea; iiiL: u»t 

nta at 3 am. ' ntuy BeadoHar. • 

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. noUabte- '• 


1 montt 

Smoattn 3 VWV. 
i months 3¥r5h* 

ivwr Stt<nk 

p Idnrtr Fftme Stwuw 

50-59* 3 tlrA y» SIA-SW 

/E!* 3 ^ 3 ^. 


Compute ijf w u-,, ■ - 

sdlscbaft AG plans “ 1 
into a management holding co ™P?' 
™ mdTrfttnum'w of stakes in 
German and other qompamra as 
pan of its rtsmictimiig prog^ 
Ssnew chief executive, Kajo Neu- 
kircben, said Thursday. 

6 MrA Vb 


^^^iDacseiisdiaft ds 

pL™d toclose tocoil-ireding ac- 

**— Tbu .“nil’s 

major factor m 

s* » ^several units, seUing the prefi j- 
S S S)le ones and dosing the improfit- 

A 2 B ^M^^ukirctea. while not com- 

«* 4 ** the company w* planning to 8“ 
US 3 SrfmteStable operations- 
“o-S He^Jd the comply would 

Barton*, form a management holdmgumnii 

-* •'■"i . woo,d 

^ S 2 SKS 
; :a "ttKBBsii'Hs! 

K«y Hoiwy RatM 


wttmdtnsa xjg wjo 


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par I 

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34 naalti Mcftmak 

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nor Treasury nott 

IMWlTtHriHTO— . 


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muor e u » « nomri» nam 

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lw ?v!« 

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Hnnott lumom* 

~ *t s •» «saasEa^i»i=5! 

wu“) yar “ ^ 

toosj Zurich and _ ,= 1*1 uanber l99 \fr„ ie/u .Ridder, AFX) 


The private placement of 

660,000 Bearer Shares of 


Bau- und Heimwerkermdrkte AG 

out of the portfolio held by 
ASKD Deutsche Kaufhaus AG. Saarbrucken. 
has been arranged by us. 


Treuhand- u. Vermogens- 

verwaltungs-Gesellschaft mbH 

KSnigsallee 58, D-40212 Dusseldorf 
Tel.: 49-211 -1 3751 -0 Fax: 49-211 -320949 

January 1994 

Soura: nmtiarx 


rrmttM,- imp (£&*>- 


~ j 

Page 12 


Bundesbank Gives 
The Dollar a Jolt 


Compiled bp Our Stuff From Dupadta 

NEW YORK — The dollar was 
lower Thursday in active trading, 
although it was above its low for 
the day of 1.7350 Deutsche marks, 
which was reached after the 
Bundesbank decided not to cut 
German interest rates. 

The dollar dosed at 1.7376 DM, 
down from 1.7455 DM at Wednes- 

Foralgn Exchange 

day’s close, and at 111365 yen. 
compared with 1 1 1.405 yen. It also 
slipped to 1.4545 Swiss francs from 
2.4605 francs and to 5.9125 French 
francs from 5.9430. The pound rose 

Hugh Walsh, a dealer at ING 
Sank, said the German central 
bank’s decision had caused dealers 
and funds that had been long on 
dollars to sell those positions 
quickly, with the ILS. currency fall- 
ing sharply as stop-loss sell orders 
were triggered on the way down. 

Mr. Walsh added that the 
Bundesbank’s later announcement 
(hat it was setting its securities- 
repurctaase rate at a fixed 6.0 per- 
cent “added fuel to the fire, causing 
even heavier doQar-selling.” 

“The market had expected the 
Bundesbank to announce a vari- 
able-rate repo,” he added. “When 
they said it was fixed, the dollar fell 
straight through 1.7400 against the 

Support emerged around 1.7350 
DM. be said, with strong buying 
interest showing up after a Federal 
Reserve Board economist said that 
fourth-quarter growth in the Unit- 
ed States might have been as high 
as 6 percent annually. 

U.S. banking sources, mean- 
while. said the Bundesbank had 
told them it would delay the release 
of its M3 money-supply numbers 
until neat week at the earliest and 
possibly until the first weds in Feb- 
ruary, to try to minimize “end-of- 
year distortions." 

They said the M3 number ap- 
peared to have risen sharply at the 
end of the year for technical rea- 
sons, which resulted in the Bundes- 
bank's decision to re-examine the 
figures and delay their release. The 
move was said to help to bolster the 
mark across the board Thursday. 

The dollar traded sideways 
against the yen, with traders reluc- 
tant to take major positions before 
the weekend meeting between 
Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen 
and Finance Minister Kuohisa Fu- 
ji! in Japan. Mr. Walsh said. 

But the yen advanced against 
some currencies as some dealers 
decided that Mr. Bentsen still 
might make some gesture toward 
seeking a stronger yen as a bargain- 
ing point. This would raise the cost 
of Japanese products around the 
world and tend to depress exports. 

(AFX, Bloomberg, Knigfrt-Ridder) 

■■ ■ f-*,’ 1 'fS,-- • 

Dow Jon— A vora g oa 

own LOW Lot 0» 

Indus 38 n» 3877-33 3B91 47.9V 

Traro 182*38 1837 30 18133* 181AOO-11S7 
US 2103* 2305* 21033 223*1 -033 
Cent 1*1453 1*154* 14114* 1*1332 —15* 

Standard A Poor's Indexes 

HU* Low doe arte 

industrials 55342 56148 S5UV +040 

Tronsc. 4*931 4*348 44348— *.11 

Uttilllas 1*944 UUM 1*944 +093 

I Finance 4441 *451 4443 +023 

SPSS 47540 *7342 474.98 +0*8 

1 SP ISO 4400* *3855 43*33 —017 

S tfjN !>d 



NYSE Most Actives 




CfmRr n 








*0787 m 
442*2 441* 
4*032 *9W 
32275 42* 
89122 639k 
20883 61H 
20153 3S* 

24*93 13* 
23004 40*. 
22*61 37W 
22414 SS’-'« 

71* 7'* 

•fflV. 40¥a 
67V. VPm 
*2 42W 

taw 42 H 
60V, SOW 
J5W 3SV4 
20V* 20'a 
12H 13* 

40 60W 

341m 3*to 
1SH 14 
55W SMb 
29+ 29V* 

NYSE Indexes 

10*11 Law Lur Owl 

CoroxH*e 24353 2*054 2021 *028 

lndUCT** 32U6 322.01 3ZL7* -0.14 

Trenso. 23078 779* 379* —32* 

UNUv 225.B 22*51 22*59 -088 

| fl WMlce 318.7* 21750 21174 -068 

NASDAQ Indexi 

High Low Oom CDli 
1 Canwosite mil 78900 79353 + 3J5 

! ln*5trkW3 63041 82SJ4 83041 + 5J» 

F (Twice S9S.W BK « SKIS -072 

Insurance 92244 9103* 93I5S +1-25 

154JS9 183.15 15457 +1.11 
BMU 4W-72 *93-93 694.19 +653 

Tramp. 7*127 739XS 781.14 -1J1 

AMEXStecfc Index 

Mob Low Law at*. 
4181 *8X19 48181 -153 

Dew Jones Bond A 

20 Bands 
10 Industrials 

10545 +045 

1812 * Uocti 

107.64 + 0.10 

AMEX Most Actives 

SEAGRAM: Defense Considered 




GavC nut 

t n te ta n 











VaL Mdb 

14*99 |4V» 
12059 4W* 
9371 33 'A 
9314 Sta 
*701 22H 
3817 Mb 
3101 to 
293* 5* 
2811 47W 
2754 Sto 
2400 12 
2234 6to 
2140 4W 
2075 17», 

13*4 131b 

4 Vi 4 Vu 
2tH 32 ‘A 

5 3 
SA 22V. 

5 Mb 


5to 5to 
473b 47*V» 
Mb Mb 
4H 4Vu 
11* » 
Mb Mb 
4V> M* 
12Tb 12W 

Contained from Page 11, 
companies that are pledging their 
stock and cash. 

The impetus for the rights offer, 
a fairly standard Wall Street ploy. 
ranw from Tune Warner’s own 
strategic partners and some of its 
institutional investors, the compa- 
ny said. Tune Warner, itself the 
product of a takeover war that has 
left it $9 billion in debt, has an 

M.Y. Stocks ~~ 

alliance with U S West Inc., a re- 
gional telephone company, to ex- 
pand cable and phone networks, 
and with Toshiba Corp. and the 
trading company Itochu to expand 
its ente rtainm ent penetration or 
the Japanese market 

Time Warner officials said their 
partners told them they wanted to 
be sure plans went ahead with the 
parties with whom they had made 
their deals: The officials also feared 
that a bidding war could scotch 
further agreements. 

Scenting a possible takeover war. 
Wall Street pushed up Time 
Warner stock by 82 5 cents, to $40 
a share. 

Seagram said it believed that 
rights plans “are not in the best 
interests of public shareholders.” 

■ Dow Hits Another Record 

Stock prices were slightly higher 

Thursday as investors reacted to 
corporate earnings and digested 
contradictory U.S. economic data, 
wire services reported. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age advanced 7.59 points to 
3,891.96 points, another record, 
but dealers noted that profit-taking 
from Wednesday’s record levels 
had weakened prices early in the 

' Advancing issues took a slight 
lead over declines on the New York 
Slock Exchange and volume to- 
taled about 310 million shares, 
nearly unchanged from Wednes- 

A government report on the 
home-building business furnished 
fresh evidence of economic vigor 
while sews from the job market 
indicated employment growth was 
sluggish. The weekly iob data re- 
confirmed widely held perceptions. 

The bellwether 30-year Treasury 
bond, which fell 12/32 Wednesday 
to yidd 6.296 percent, was ahead 
13/32 to 99 25/32. The issue's 
yield, which moves in the opposite 
direction of its price, was 6.26 per- 

Altera Corp. plunged 554 to 30 
after the semiconductor maker said 
its fust-quarter earnings won’t be 
as stroflg as earlier thought 

(AP, Knigjti-Ridder ) 

NYSE Diary 

Total Issues 
New Mohs 
New Laws 

Amex Diary 



Total Issues 

New Mata 
New Lows 


Unch an ged 
Total issues 

Market Sates 

NYSE 4 ws volume 
NYSE orev. cons, dose 
Annex * mm- volume 
Amex bw. eons, dose 
NASDAQ 4 pjn- volume 
NASDAQ prev.4 p.m. volume 
NYSE volume o» 

NYSE volume down 
Amex volume up 
A mex volume down 
NASDAQ volume UP 
NASDAQ volume down 

SAP lOO Index Options 

- — S to to 

- — lb % — 

- — S to lto 

- - to to - 

- — h tie IN 

- — S IN — 

- n b It Si 

- to to 214 - 

, 27* to ID » A 

- 1b 1% J* — 

in, b n M ( 

N It 91 7t 91 

tto *V: 5* 7to 9to 

- * Ft IP* — 

» Bl II - - 

it - - - - 

; total ox* M.9BM77 
r total own tot 6317a 

I Dec to Dec to Dec IS Dee ft 

- it — — 

- lb — - 

- to It, — 

- lib - - 

- lto 2to - 

— art* — 

2*to - - 

BY, tW* 71W 
Mto 15to UV: 
u ifto 11 
I T< 1+ 

I 4*i ito 

iv it n 

« ?% to 

* to 7i» 

- to i* 
— Ik % 

n ton* «o4 144JB2; 
: total mura* 



umrTE SUGAR lAWtn _ 

Milan par metric too-Krti of 38 ton 
Mor 28950 28700 moo ZMJM + 140 

MOT 389 JO 287.9* 23840 289.10 + 2JB 

AUff ma N.T. 29250 »U» + 2JD 

oS 3RL3B 27*50 281 Si 28250 + 220 

DK N.T. N.T. 2&LOO 2*250 + 2JX 

Mar 279 JO N.T. 28000 28350 + 150 

Est. volume: 153*. Pr*v. volume: 
1339. Open Int.: 0227. I 

London Commodity g* ChaMOpXOQ mcof- 
too prices mm no* mmBeae tor IMedtttort 
due to pntuema at the source. 

Metals — 

Close Previo us 

BM Ape BM Ask 


DoBors per metric loo 

Sol 116*00 114950 II KAO 118750 

FcSurertl 118630 11050 120*50 1206J0 


Mtars per macron |UQJ)0 1UU0 

Forwcrrfl 1B82J0 188250 188*50 188758 | 

LEAD _ i 

Dollan per meMctaa 
Spot 50850 509X0 497X0 498X0 

ForUrt 53550 521X0 510X0 51150 


DoJlar* per raeWclon 

fdxtt 571050 572050 570050 575550 

Forward 577550 5780X0 S84SXQ S5M0 

Spot *99050 5M5X0 501050 

Forward 50*0X0 5QS0X* 5050X0 5040X0 

ZINC (Spa Ool My Grape) 

Srt OT ^ B T0l5JO B W 1 LiO W1 4X0 1817X8 
Forward 1834X0 1035X0 1035X0 1106X0 


Htot i Low Ctose Cberme 


Mor 94X3 9*23 9*25 —0X7 

95JT 9492 94X2 —OX7 

Src 95X3 94.95 94X6 — 0X5 

Sc 95X2 94X3 MX4 —0X5 

MS’ 94.90 9C5? 94X2 — BJJ5 

jS 9422 94X3 94XJ —OU5 

S«p 9»_5* 9449 94AS — QXS 

SSc 90S 94X3 94X2 — 0X3 

ttaf 9423 94X0 94.17 — 8X1 

Jon 94X7 94X5 94X5 UndL 

Eli. vohime: 85,928. Open bit: COXt*. 
fl ntHDoo - pts of 1M pta 
Mor 96X2 Null 96*3 +0X1 

Jan . 95X2 WJJ1 9*3* +8X2 

5ep 96X3 95X2 95X5 + 0X2 

DOC N.T. N.T. 95X4 +0X2 

MOT N.T. N.T. 9SS1 +QX3 

in N.T. N.T. 9527 +8JD 

Sep N.T. N.T. 9504 +0X0 

EsI. volume: 921 Open Int.: 10201 

DMi HiflUea-ptsaMWect 
Mar 9448 9437 907 — 0.10 

Jan 94X5 94X1 94X2 — 0JC 

Sep 95X9 9in 95-19 —0X0 

DPC 9553 9540 95X1 —8.06 

KNa- 95X7 9154 9157 —0X6 

35 nxs nSs 1 v3a —ox? 

Sep 95X9 95X3 95*3 — 0X4 

Dec 95*0 9553 9553 — 0X4 

MOT 95*6 ?SA2 95A4 Unch. 

Jua 9534 9531 9530 —8X2 

ESL volume: 252, M3. Oven knt_: 871X3*. 

08X08 - Mb A 33*dl el lei Pd 
Mor 120-13 119-33 119-29 —0X3 

Jpo 119-18 119-14 1194X1 —043 

Est. volume: 85,977. Open kit.: 100540. 
DM 2988(0 - ptb Of IN PCi 
Mar 10074 10034 10035 —030 

Jan 100*5 10035 10032 —8X9 

Eft. volume: 170081. Open int.: 157,469. 

1185X0 U87X0 
1205X0 1206X0 

1863X0 1864X0 
1886X0 1887X8 

4*7X0 4*8X0 
siaxo siixo 

5788X0 570X0 
58*5X0 5050X0 

5005X0 5010X0 
505000 5060X0 

1016X0 1017X8 
1035X0 1036X0 


KM LM> Lo»t Seftfc <»e 

UX. dQUors per notrtc tv»48t> *M« ta 
Hb 14*25 143X0 144S MfXO -L» 
MOT 14575 1025 HW — }-g 

APT M4JS 142J0 1*225 1*223 —1X0 

May 14*25 142JD M2» UM -W 
Jin 141SD 14388 1*3X8 «L25 — 058 

Jtd MSJ9 144 JD 1*4X0 144JQ — Om 

AM 1*725 UL50 U6J0 14*25 —OK 

S 1*7 JO 149X6 1*9X0 M9X0 — 0» 

12250 122X0 152X6 151X0.— 350 
tpn 15455 15455 1S4J2S 1S42S — BJ0 

OK 154J0 156X0 13*22 15625 — JUS 

Jon 158X0 12725 12725 157J0 —025 

ESL volnme: 152*1 . Open ML 111X75 


•£ Its p 3B mi =8| 

14.17 13X2 T3J0 13X3 —359 

i? us as its as=s 

SS Irn n£ Sul »=g 

OCt N.T- M.T. N.T. 1445 — 

NOW N-T. N.T. NX 1477 —02* 

Est vohime; *1X83. Open tat. liBJtffl 

Stock indexes 

Nl H Low Chao cmae 

Mor 3* »A 3471 X 3040 —no 

Joe N.T. N.T. 349L8 — 17X 

see .N.T. K.T. 3514X — 17J 

EcL votam*: 13*45. Oven ML: 35X84. - 

Sources.- «Um Mam. Assodatoa Press, 


GE’s Profit Rose 10% in 4th Quarter 

FAIRFIELD. Connecticut (AF) — General Eecim Co. 
Thursday a 10 percent gain in lourtlwjnarter 
growth in its ^pliances, financial services, jdashes, power systems 

tI ^E > SlSi.4fi feS, or51.73 a share, 
bfflion, orSL57 a share, in the fourth 

results included $126 million m earnings from GE’s now-dtscontmued 


aC Ke Q ^n percent in the latest ***^»Jj£ 
51620 bHiioD. Tar them « vcaa ® 

from $57.07 billion, ami profit jnmped 10 percent to $5.18 bilfion, or 
$6.06 a share, from H 73 ttffion, or $5-51 a share. 

Home Construction Shows a Snrge 

buOdeistoS: ground on a total of 1.29 mfflwn hcH^ml993, &e 

Spot CommodBItef 


Aluminum, lb 
Calfee, Braz, tb 
Copper alsrtralvtle, lb 
iron FOB, tan 
SOver. fror at 
StocH scrap), tan 

Zinc, lb 

Today- fiw. 

«ci ft cv 

0£B 0M5 


0X4 0X4 

320 525 

133X3 1 13323 

3X879 Will 

04836 04845 

e AM v*L 8; total *ow W.7211 
: total val 130; total oom W. I37Xn 

Ccrulo ofXrrias* of tccvrftie*. flsmeial 
savioo or nieraa m ral aae pubBshad la 
ibis arwtptpcrire nM tntborixed a otmta 
j r ■ in ebkh te h s u-nnbvnl Herald 
Tribune h draribaicd. inclafiog the tWie* 
SiUe i of America, and do aW ccostiratr 
ofTerinp of icetribes. Strvtaa Dr tgnem is 
iftese JansdiciiaiB. The Imenraduad Herald 
Trihtae euaraes no ic^oaHitj etotaucra r 
be raj ad«eRtoenB*s for oBeitoff of Pij Uid. 

N.Y.SJE. Odd-Lot Trading 

Buy Soles Short*. 
Jan. 19 1X822® L436A5S 3t«B 

Jan. 18 U7UQ37 1X74X11 5E*H 

Jen 17 7703& 723473* *4343 

Jan. 14 938221 L43MT1 .7*217 

Jan. 13 932X84 1X01 XM *3X71 

1-98 2-11 
1-38 3-4. . 

3-7 3-1* 
1-38 2-7 

1- 31 3-15 
3+ Ml 
3-4 Mi 
3-4 Mi 

3-18 +1 

VJ1 34 

2- 15 3-1 

MS 3-1 
1-31 MS 
1-SI MS 
MS 338 

3- 17 M7 
1-38 4-15 

1- 31 3-14 
3-15 3-28 
3-15 MB 

m Mr 
3-28 3-18 

2- M 3-1 
1-31 3-15 

3-7 3-1 

Company Per Amt 


McttUe AmarCn n - XT 
MunlYWdAZII _ .1227 


Campania Tol Chile x 4546 
MMrai uiuuvM per ADR. 


Temptetan QtaGv M AS 

Q 27 
M -07 

* & 

Q JO. 

: t 

M X* 9 
M JH3 
M XS7 

Q -U 

a seasonally adjusted annual rare of 1J4 million, suggesting an even 

Labor Dranrata di.Mt 
riomis for stare jobless benefits had climbed 23.000 in md-January to a 
six-month high °f 3S0JJ00. 

Quaker Oats Had Weaker Quarter 

CHICAGO (AF) — Quaker Oats Co. said Thursday its profit fefl 24 
pescent in its latest quarter because of weak economies m Europe and 
hi gh inflation in Brazil. . , . 

TTie maker of brwkfast cereals and other food products had net ureome 

of S42£ mniion, or 63 cents a share, for tire thrce months ended Dec. 31, 
down from $56 2 ntillioo, or 77 cents a share, a year earlier /Ihe earhff 
results indnded a $17.4 million gain from the sale of two Italian food 
businesses an d a $9.7 nnfiioa charge for a European „ cost-reduction 

Sales rose 2 percent, to $135 billion from $133 billion. 

Qairtppn William D. Smfrhburg said the dedhje reflected sluggish 
Ettropgan Wffr fiiumcfo msts in Brazil and tower fcrdpbexchange 

gains. He said^ -key U3L businesses were porfpnmng wefl. 

Firms Discuss Compering ^ihMT^ 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — F oot mnsic and entertainment compa- 
res are consider^ launching an international program to compete with 
Viacom Inch’s MTY cable-television thannrf, an executive dcee to the 
discussions said Thmsday. 

The executive said tire companies were lime Warner Inch’s Warner 
Mask: Group; Sony Corp.’s Sony Muse; Thom EMI PLCs EMI Muse 
unit, and PoryGram, vdiui is majority-owned by Rulips Electronics NV. 
Spokesmen fra the companies dkLoot comment on the report. 

■ The executive did not say bow much the rompanies were considering 
investing in the project or when the venture might be iaonefied. He said 
the pipject would be modded cat a cable venture started aboot six weeks 
ago in Germany that indnded the same partners. Thar service, called 
Viva, is offered to about 90 percent of Germany’s 13 million cable 
cnstcancxs. . 


For the Record 

Chae Manhattan 9 X 1*1 315 

Colonial BncpGrpA Q JO M 24 

Pentolrlnc 3 .18 1-81 2-M 

Mkrosoft Corp. reported a 22 percent gain in its recond-qu arter 
earnings on the strength of its Microsoft Office programs. (NTT) 
Bristol-Myers Sqmbb Co. reported fourth-quarter e a rning s of $2S6 
nnDioai. or 50 centsa share, reverangn year-eariio- loss. . (AFP) 

CHINA: A New Battle Cry on Inflation Amid Fresh Signs of Overheating Ope] Posts a Major LOSS 

_ u^rimo Vile annrvmnvl a o>riK rJ SU2SeSLS that China is again Start- Tfl rkftirwit in rvM> month m some A . -Vr ‘ 

Continued from lfrge 11 

while allowing Beijing time to build 
a monetary system that could cope 
with China’s embrace of a free- 
market economy. 

At the time, the economy was 
growing at an annual rate of 24 
percent and urban inflation topped 
21 percent. Analysts feared social 

Beijing has announced a series of 
structural changes which, if fuDy 
implemented, should see the cen- 
tral government take control of the 
economy from prosperous coastal 
provinces by reforming the tax- 
ation and monetary systems. * ' 

However, after three months in 
which stringent austerity measures 
translated into firm indications the 
economy was coding, recent data 

suggests that China is again start- 
ing to grow too fast and inflation 
may remain unchecked. It topped 
21 percent in November. 

New taxes and a decision on Jan. 1 
to unify China’s two foreign ot- 
rhangp- rales and allow the value of. 
the yuan to be deteraaned by market 
farces has induced panic buying of 
staple food items in urban centos. 

Reports that prices had risen by 

30 percent in one month in some 
areas recently prompted the rein- 
traduction of price controls. They 
were endorsed by President Jiang. 

In pledging a greater role for 
“State-owned commerce’' in stem- , 
mmg inflation, Mr. Jiang said the 
government gave reasonable con- 
sumer prices high priority as **a 
matter which will affect social sta- 


• FRANKFURT- — Adam. 
Opel AG, the German subsid- 
iary of General Motors Corp., 
said Thursday that ext raradi - 
n ar y ch ar ges had forced ft into a 
significant loss in 1993. / ■ 

It said tire one-time burdens 
indiided 160 mfifion Deutsche 
marks ($915 nrilScn) in costs 

associated with short-time 
working. ' 

In 19*3, payments for layoffs 
and early retirement cost 350 
mflhonDM fflid currency-relat- 
ed losses cost'380 mSfioa.DM, 
Opel said. However, it said. 
Gifs European operation as a 
whole remaned profitable. 


&t.-/ . 





| Nestle Sales 

Bonn Sweeps Its Tracks And Profit 

Railway Is Groomed for Privatization On Upswing 

^ . 1Q70 For frdght He added that he wa 

_ . __ .r AHTMIt m 197l>. rOT_HWB“‘ . . . . .K- _l,n wflC t 

Page 13 


Bfoombcig Bvtbtas News 

BONN — Finance Minister 
The© Waigri presented the gflfvem- 
tnent’s' package to boost :gnwtn < 
and employment to the. Bundestag, 
the lower touse of pariiament' cm 
Thursday. , 

The measures, due tow nnjae- 
myntM before this summer, are de- 
signed to make il easier to rtart 
businesses and to 1 make eippU^ 
menl terms more flexible. 

Even though Germany** pohncaJ 

* !•*-.* 

* i* ' 1 

BOCto Slash 

1,700 Johs 


LONDON — The indnstri- 
al gas and health care concern 
BOC Group PLC said Thurs- 
day that it was antin g 1,700 
jobs in a major restructuring 
| aimed at dishing costs £60 
million a year by 1997. - | 

The group will take a charge ' 

of £85 milHon 0126'sdffifln) 
m this year’s accounts to pay 
for the restructuring and for 
laying off about 4 percent of 
its work force. ' 

The chief executive, . Pat 
Dyer, told shareholders, -In 
effect, this is qjending money 
to save money- Chairman 
Patrick Rich, 61 said he would 
retire in April; 
has been named. BOC shares 
tumbled in reaction but later 
rebounded, closing at 697 
pence, up 31 pence. 


calendar this year indudes a geuer- i 

■loariiainHitaiy election in the an- \ 

pmn, the proposals “don’t oontam i 

any electoral sweeteners, Mr. .i 

Waisel sdd. ) 

-Mr ‘Waigd said there wouto be 

no additions to. the .?9W budg. 
vrfridi foresees a defiat £69.1 b3- 
■Bon Deotstojnato ($39-6 
fry) , compared with a 67 billion 
DM de^tta 1993. 

Economics Minister Gtoter 
Rearodt, speakingm support of the 
program, called it a core part erf 
. 1994 economic paUcy." 

Despite “dear signs the German 
economy has left the trough of «- 
cession,” unemployment wfll con- 
tinue to grow in 1994, Mr. Reaoodt 
said. “That’s why the focus of our 
I actionpro^am. is^cm safeguarding 
and creating jobs.’' M _ r __ 

The plan includes measures 
aimed at aiding small and medmm- 
sized businesses, as weQ as labor 
arid tax-law changes, some daega- 
- latkm measures and efforts to stim- 
ulate housing construrfion. 

• in. , addition, Mr. RnAi* ! 
the government would offer lo£ 
interest loans to boostwtoi he 
called innovations atmednnn-snwi 

. companies that could trigger pro- , 
iectsrwwih several billion marks. 

Other plans indude altering the 

sj“ 5 Stgas 

provided by regional or local gov- 
ernments. . _ _ • . 

... .Die Federation of German in- 
dustry wdcomed the plan as a sign 
of “crowing readiness to view Ger-. 
. tnniws economic problems realisu- 
' 1 cafly," but it said there was too 
f I little focus on reduemg the stales 
I activities. . ■ . 

Bloomberg Business News 

FRANKFURT — Germany’s 
state-owned railroad operates 
more than 30000 trains a day to 
hundreds of destinations. But 
because it is hobbled by debt and 
anachronistic work rules, ns ser- 
vice usually runs one direction: 

in the red. . 

. Tha* may be about to mange. 

The Goman government is m 
the process of converting its 
money-losing rail network mlo a 
privately held company, ebang- 
.u. w av ii wnrfcs to prepare 

percent in 1970. Fa r Wft 
transport, the share feU to 21 

percent from 33 r 

The solution chosen mGff 
many, as in Bntam, has been to 
pry the railroad out from unto 



of the £res in the resulting enn- 

ihe process of converting its ,, 

money-losing rail network into a The railroad S 

share of passenger 

for its eventual sale to the private hflS fallen 

“p^specis for success are to 6 percent, 
m.irirv ni best. Even Gerd * 


Prospects for success are 
murky at best. Even Gerd 
Aberie, a member of to Trans- 
port Ministry’s committee that 
drafted the reform, said he is 
“not that optimistic'’ it will 
work. But the government, rail 
experts and to railway’s man- 
agement agree that there was no 
altgrnatrve to a radical reorgani- 
zation. _ 

Heinz Dfln, the railroad's 
chief executive, said recently that 
without reform, Germany faced 
“capitulation of the railway to 
road traffic” or a “shrinking rati- 

way which only runs on highly 
profitable routes." 

With an accumulated debt a 
70 billion Deutsche marks (540 

tv called Deutsche Balm AG. 

improvogaio uw-*"- j — . 

the railroad attractive to pnvate 
investors, then sell it off. 

To do ibis, managers will try 

,o lure o^c back mlottemk 


He added that he was con- 1 

vinced that to plan was right in 

theory, but said that putting it 
into practice involved many un- 

“I'm not that emumisue ihmgs 
will improve fundamentally, ne 
said. Deutsche Balm will become 
more flexible, “but it wifi soil be 
a large company with all to in- 
flexibility that Large companies 

He said there were inherent 
disadvantages that sriD ham- 
pered the railroad’s ability to 
compete with highways, regard- 
less of reform. 

Railroads, for example, must 
pay to full cost of budding and 
maintaining tracks, while car 
and truck drivers pay fees that 

expens say cover only pan of to 

costs of highways. 

Some of these problems will be 
addressed by reforms that wok 
effect earlier this month, Deut- 
sche Bahn AG will not be re- 
quired to operate on unprofit- 
able routes and the state wffl 
have to subadize some services 

j table try irouig » ** — , rv have to sudshuz*; 

shackles of a bureaucracy which . llial <j 0 not generate enough rev- 

had made it often unresponsive muc ^ cover costs. 

to market needs. The railway will also be free u 

to market necua. , 

But analysts say that a sale to 
investors is still a long way off. 

“The deficit problem win re- 
main for sane time, so that to 


asastfs* ■ 

many —was a large burden on 
the budget Even worse, it was 
f piHng to stop to hemorrhage ot 
traffic onto Germany’s dogged- 
up highways. 

The railroad’s share of passen- 
eer transport fell to 6 percent by 
Se early 1990s, down from 9 

fetSbie future.’’ said Rriuer 
MOnch, a transport analyst at 

Deutsche Bank Research. 

Mr. Aberie. the profe^orwho 
helped the govemraent araft the 
reform plan, said to future at- 
tractiveness to investors can t 

be estimated al all al the momrat 

because we don’t Jmow how 
canungs wfll develop." 

enue to cover 

The railway will also be tree to 

slash its payroll, one of to mam | 
causes of its persistent tost* ^ 
giwtriing almost a thinl of its 
work force of 360,000 by 2000. 
This is normally difficult to do 
because about 120,000 of us rai- 
olovees are civil servants, who 
Le usually nearly impossible to 

Bui on Jan. 1, to civil servants 
were transferred to a state body 
that hires them out to to rail- 
way. Starting in 1997. Deutsche 
Bahn will only keep those avO 
servants it neols. 

Reuters ‘ 

VEVEY Switzerland — Nestle 
SA. the world's biggest food com- 
pany. said Thursday that ns sale 
and profit had risen last and g 
predicted improvement in w. 

Offidals said group sales had ns- 
en s.4 percent last year, to 57.5 * 

billion SwSfrancs (S39.4 bOhook J 

“As for the net profit for 1993. | 

to company said in a statement, ^ 

“Nesile is counting on an increase 
compared with 1992." Net profit in 
1992 was 2.6 billion francs. 

Profit and dividend will be pub- 
lished March 2A. . . 

The company was 
1994 saving that barring deepen- 
ing recession in Europe or 
able cunency development, it ex 
peered “an increase m sales^and net 
profit for the current year. 

The upbeat statement boonedns 
refund shares on the Zunch 
exchange, where they had 
been down sharply early m to day. 

iS- ended at 1.322 francs, down 

10 francs on the day. 

Nesile said three Pf*otage 
poinis of last year's 5.4 peront 
sSk increase had come from corn 
soli da lion of acquisitions. But 
there was also an increase, m sria 
volume, particularly m Asia. Laun 
/America and North America. 

Nestle said favorable develop- 
ments in business outside Emtope 
» enabled it to more 

slowdown in Europe, where re^- 

> sion pushed sales down a^^some 

> currencies weakened markedly. 

Overall volume growth, exclud- 
s ins acquisitions or disinvestments, 
y stood at 1.7 percent last year, 
i- Within the larger product 
£ groups, strong volume growth was 
3 recorded in drinks, milk products 
and the pharmaceutical area. 

Frankfurt, . 

dax . 


■' 2300" 

. B2C0 — — -jf 
m — jif 

m — / — 

1300 jtyr- - 

1S ®7TS”5'N*D 
1993 • * 

Exchange • 











Vienna ~~ 
i Zurich 

I ''Sources- Reuters 

London • 
FTSE 100 Index 

£00“'- 7 — “T 


3200 : - fc P 

• m for- 

3000 fV — . 


CAC 40 


aTo n d 4 
1993 199 

AEX ■ 
stock index 

1994 ' 

Close ' 
2 . 116^0 
81646 ' 


• 1993 





2.134 38 
6 l 9 , 01 ~~ 

Financial Times 30 2^59^ 

1J68.SB -.1^87-84 

Ge neral Index ~ 

~CAC40. ~~ 

Aff aersvaedden 

Stock Index 



3 . 470.00 
341 . 04 - 

1 , 783.15 

2 , 654^0 
3 , 475.10 
342 . 39 ' 
2 , 274 . 67 ' 

"~1 31 0-38 




At ' 
- 0.55 
"- 0.03 
- 0 B 5 
+ 0.04 
+ 0.19 
- 0.15 ! 
- 0.39 
+ 0.10 
- 0.74 
- 1.50 
■ 0,19 
' + 0.12 

liurmaiinait HeraU Tnhunc 

ds Warning Note 


Paris Elf Aquitaine will cut exploration 

mntinues. its chairnian, FhiSppe Jaffre, wi 
Thursday as the stateomed company began 

sefline shares to to pubne. 

Efforts to contain costs wffl not necessarily 

lead to furtoerdepredation m to ^ 

assets, he said, wthout 

Mr. Jaffrfc said it was too eari y to predic t to 

^Med, “ihe.moK wimt fie »p- 

™*A..his commcaiis during 

and after a news conference devoted to to 


tjst vear. Elf Aquitaine took a one-time 
d^cSffion French 
mdiSne 13 billion francs worth of ofl and gM 
in the North Sea, to cover 

depredation of . assets. , 

dS billion 

q)Ut between core share- 

holdersand staff, and to Mte^Ub^a^ 


calling it “a cm« 

■ Drop in Profits al Samt-fobain 

Ttw French constructiofl materials maker 

solidated net profit bad wl ^JgflS i £ 
1W3 to 13 billion francs, from 23a bimon 
francs to previous year, Bloomberg reported. 
^S^talps and losses, net profit 

was 680 million francs. 

DRINK: Guinness and LVMH Part 

„ . .^p., ii event LVMH warns to sell its 

i*Mnnied from Page drinks unit. ^ 

. .. The deal calls for LVMH to re- 

pay 8 billion francs for a ^ peromt . 24 percent stake in Gum- 
stake in Mott Hennessy, which fol- 2Q percent by mid-1995. 

lowing internal - i VMH said to 1 1 billion fraics 

Very briefly: 

• The Eu 'W.,, Co ^^ .the 


SKUr, L up .o wo* ou OT neJ 

10 porcen. uuwc curs in 1993 bui 

(S80.68 million), m the fourth W*?? “verv-trickv" in 1994 because u 

- 71.08 billion pesetas. (Biaombat. aFP.aFXi 

\ Sandoz Net Up 'Over 10%’ 

t cnid the rise in net 

ness io xaj 

towing mreram - e LVMH said to 1 1 .billion Erancs 

encompass all of J-Vhnvs i wm ^. bY the transactions would be 
and spirits brands. It had P™J? r “ . :_j t0 paving down its debt — 
SrSS in 1993 of 10.7 bfflion ^ “Son francs -and to 
francs and operating profit of ~ m ^ prestige goods 

billion francs. satore . , 


ncssnght of first refusal in to said. 

CmpJed In- Our Stuff From Dupaidta 
BASEL — Sandoz AG. the Swiss 

pharmaceuticals and chemicals 

company, said Thursday that us 
^ in' 1993 rose 5 percent- and 
that its net income should nse 

^es 0 totaled 15.1 
francs ($10.33 bilhonh m line with 
most market forecasts. The compa- 
ny attributed the tt> to in 
clearing dynamism of its pharma 
£3 al® as well as a strong 
performance by its core chemicals 
and environmental products. 

Management said the rise in net 
income, from 1.5 billion fr ““ 
1992, was expected to result from 
higher operating income and tight 
cost management- .. 

The company’s shares dipped -5 
francs to 4325 ' francs. . 

Sandoz. said that pharmaceutical 
sales had risen 10 percent in the 
fourth quarter from a year ago. 
noting that sales of a product used 
in organ transplants rose 15 per- 
cent and one used to treat sduzo- 
phrrnii dimbcd ^ Afxi 


1 iiwofin 
. i ~.l MdQfBI l MS* 1 1* 

I l2Monm 

, UwU»«tiOfgn 1 L “*' ** 

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Div Ym pe 1005 

JOSi J'»w 

I uowtatwicn'a* 


won low a 

100a Hah Low Latest 01*00 

T a(1 , Jburmdat'n dosing 

the nationwide prices up to 
■JP * ” ”*"9 on wan Street and do not reflect 
18,8 frames elsewhere. Via The Associated Pngs 

JJ .3 A 


'U JBW^ i in 1ft. R £ R 

1 *i 

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LAZY: Honda’s 

Continued from Page 11 

cording to surveys done by J-D. 
Power & Associates, a CaMfomia- 
based marketing research firm. 
That perception often caused for- 
eign auto companies to emphasize 
the “German engineering'’ or the 
“Japanese quality” of their prod- 
ucts; Power ami other analysts said. 

Honda officials, for example, 
spent much time assuring prospec- 
tive buyers that its Ohio cars were 
built under Japanese direction and 

Trust toys. Workers Dispels Myths of Incompetence 

that they conformed to the exacting members of the . United Auto- are paring an 

standards of Honda products built Workers union, both halt on the 

in Japan. Toyota Motor Corp. did same asxanWy tbcs. OS. consam- gravated by an 

the same thing, even though it was er surveys repeatedly showed that cy exchange rate that is oo»™g 

building care with General Motors buyers preferred the sometimes the prices of Japanem proauro 

S 0fp i?-!i?w fly ^ ow^rampany, ^ 0 ™^ Corolla because sold abroad, is puffing the tabosn 

New United Motor Manufacturag ^ thoughTit was a better car- on Japanese auto sales. 

Utc same was true in the case of the T save money, Japanese 

strategic boasting about good old Mitsubishi Eclipse and the Plyni- lll imT , g ^ .are transferring more 
Ja ^^CT and °uth Laser, identical sports coupes “ their production to tlxVmt£& 

Toyota Corolla, ^0 ^SraSy huflt^by the same workers in Ah- Sta^ where auio man^ 1 ^ 
identical compact care from a GMf- “ ■ . costs are $16 to $17 an hour less 

Toyota joint venture, both made by But economics and experience . than they are m Japan. 

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For information on how to list your fund, fax Simon OSBORN at (33-1) 46 37 21 33 


Page 15 



-r r 

’- “*c >» 

'4 11 

“'*» -Jl-' 




Malaysia Slocks 

Fall as Investors 

sia’s benchmark stock faffey fd 3 
nearly 3 percent Thursday as inves- 
tors failed to react to positive: news 
about a major timber company- — a 
stark contrast with hst years en- 
thusiasm for the industry, analy sts 

The Koala Lumpur Stock Ex- 
change’s composite index dropped 

I QW ° r ^ P® 0 ™ 1 * 40 
The benchmark index- has faltea 
18 percent tins year, part of a re- 
gional downturn that has seen in- 
stitutional funds shifting away 

from the Bast Asian stock minim 
that boomed last year to markets 
that are now conaderod less expen- 
sive, such as Japan’s. Credit restric- 
tions at brokerages, which reduce 
the number of buyers, have exacer- 
batodMdayna's price dedines. 

“The market should remam soft 
for a wdrik," Phnah Eng Chye, re- 
search manager at PB Securities, 
said. **We are looking at one to 
three months." 

Tingni Development Bid. was 
the day’s big loser, falling to 1 1.60 
ringgit ($42 5) a doit, down 4.40, 
or 27-5 percent, after saying it 
would acquire several timber-relat- 
ed companies in retain for new 

Focuses on Cars 


SEOUL — Samsung Group 
is gearing np to snatch a. share 
of the nation’s growing car in- 
dustry , which posted records in 
sales and exports lastyear, 
Samsung officials said Thurs- 

"We arc actively negotiating 
with several foreign carmakers 
to form joint ventures,” said 
Lee Kyu-song, a spokesman 
for Samsung Heavy Industries 
Co., a unit 

He expects a decision at 
end of Apr! 

Toyota Motor Corp. and 
Nissan Motor Co. of Japim. 
along with Germany's Volks- 
wagen AG and Sweden’s 
Volvo AB, have made offers 
for links with Samsung, Mr. 
Lee said. Samsung Heavy is 
building a trade assembly line 
with Nissan technology but 
has no passenger car license. 

Analysts said it appeared the 
deal would give Lingoi processing 
. capabilities hut no timber conces- 
sion, which may have disturbed in- 
vestors. lawii also received no 
guarantee of profit, in contrast to 
earlier such deals, they said. But 
analysts said the speed with which 
investors moved to take out their 
profits in lingui probably mainly 
reflected thepessmrism of a market 
that : had been recently bullish 
about nearly any timber stock. 

Haami Radzi, an investment an- 
alyst at Fesaka Jardme Fleming, 
«yi that if the deal had been an- 
nounced last year. Lingua’s stock 
might have soared to 20 ringgit 

■ Exchange Won't Expand 

The chairman of the Koala Lum- 
pur Stock Exchange has rejected a 
call to set np.a secODd exchange to 
cope with heavy tzading volume, 
Reuters reported. 

“People dsewhere are talking 
about merging their existing- mar- 
kets,”., Nik Mobamed Din said in 
response to a suggestion by the 
Malaysian . Investors’ Association 
that another exchange -sherfd be 
famed to complement the Kush 
Lumpar exchange. . . 

Foreign Role to Grow in Taiwan 

Land of High Rates Seen Admitting More Outsiders 

By Kevin Morphy 

■ Im munumaf Herald Tribute 

TAIPEI — — Is the strong foreign demand 
that helped spark a four-month rally in Tai- 
wan’s stock market about to spill over into its 
domestic bond market with equal force? 

It probably won’t happen next week, or 
next month; but, as Taiwan moves to broadly 
liberalize its financial markets, it could hap- 
pen sooner than many people think, say a few 
foreigners who are building op their debt- 
market expertise. 

“This market is a lot more liquid than most 
people are aware," Steven Kvwatkowdri, ex- 
ecutive vice president of Springfield Finan- 
cial Advisory, said. 

“It has ah the right ingredients," he said. 
“Taiwan is Hooded with idle cash, interest 
rates are relatively high, and securities com- 
panies have proliferated in recent years." 

But jgGvermnait restrictions on foreign 
capital inflows, & relative dearth of corporate 
issuers and some lack of sophistication in the 
products available is keeping foreigners 
largely out of the fray — for now. 

Although Taiwan’s economic planners are 
among the most conservative m Asia, the 
government has routinely tapped the local 
bond market for funds. 

When the governing Kucanzmang, or Na- 
tionalist Party, began tailring about a six- 
year, $300 htutan infrastructure development 
plan a few years ago, it was widely assumed 

that much of the cash would be raised 
through the bond market, and many feared 
that a big increase in demand for capital 
could swamp iL 

Thai ambitious program has since been 
scaled back by about $100 billion, and the 
market has comfortably digested a borrowing 


i with new issues of 40 billion Taiwan 
(51.51 billion) every other month. 

Until the current stock market rally began 
in October, bonds were the investment of 
choice for local investors, who found the flat 
stock market less alluring than bond yields 
that had been kept up by a central'bank 
decision to keep interest rates high. 

As a result of the central hank’s strong 
aversion to inflation, its concern for the sta- 
bility of the Taiwan dollar and its desire to 
give investors a reason to not send their funds 
to China, yields on the 10-year and seven- 
year government bonds sold to primary deal- 
ers at the latest auction averaged a healthy 
734 percent and 6.86 percent, respectively. 

In Taiwan as in most other pans of Asa, 
bonds, if issued at all, tend to be held by 
investors to maturity. And traditionally, cor- 
porations have found issuing equity or ar- 
ranging bank bans an easier and often 
cheaper way to raise cash. 

Ten years ago, people didn't know what 

bonds were," Mr. Kwiatkowski said. “And 
there was tittle reason to find out, when ail it 
took was one phone caD to your bank to get a 
line of credit expanded." 

Change is craning, in response to both 
internal and external pressures. 

Bui foreigners until now have played only 
a minor role. No foreign institution is autho- 
rized to act as a primary dealer in the market, 
and most of the foreign companies autho- 
rized to invest in Taiwan securities since 2991 
have favored the stock market. 

At the same time, tbe central bank, worried 
about capital inflows, has decided not to raise 
its SS billion limit on total foreign investment 
in Taiwan securities, so the only potential 
foreign bond investors are likely to be those 
whose entry has already been approved. 

Analysts, however, see’ two powerful agents 
for change: Taiwan's request to join the Gen- 
eral Agreement on Tarufs and Trade and, 
related to that, Washington’s renewed push 
to speed die opening of Asian financial mar- 
kets to foreign players. 

“They will try’io reast pressure as long as 
they can," Mr. Kwi&tkowski said of Taiwan's 
financial pobcvmakers. 

“1 don’t think the UfL wants to see Taiwan 
become more vulnerable,” he said. But he 
said Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen, on 
his current Asian trip, and other American 
officials have demonstrated lately that “they 
are serious about financial liberalization.’ 5 

Data Show Taiwan Economic Upturn 


TAIPEI — Trade and industrial 
iuction figures released on 
' ty saggated Taiwas’s econ- 
omy is rebounding strongly from 
ris moderate slowdown in the sec- 
ond half of last year, analysts said 

“This is caused mainly by the 
US. economic recovery and the 
strong performance of Taiwan’s 
computer and information indus- 
try, said Yang Tsai-ynan, director 
of the Economics Ministry's statis- 
tics department 

Taiwan is likely to raise its offi- 
cial Gross National Product 

forecast of 63 percent for 
year if the r emain as 
strong in the next month or two, 
analysts said. 

Export orders for Taiwanese 
goods surged 7.97 percent from a 
year earlier to $7.49 baboo in De- 
cember, exceeding last year’s over- 
all growth rate of 6.13 percent. 

(Men from the United States. 
Taiwan’s biggest market, climbed 
1035 percent from a year ago to 
SL5] bOhon in December. Total 
orders for information and com- 
munications equipment soared 
46.68 percent to $883 


Revenue and profile or 
losses, In mfflons, are in 
local ctnrandas unless 
otherwise indteatsd 

•i ^ United States 

Ye or 


mi m 
__ un. 1577. 
2S3J» w»iw 

rm iw ■ 

— 15415. H3W. 
Net Loss TWUB «M9 

.SookAroairtca . 

■ anr. mx £m* 

it Inc. . 

Digital Equipment ■ 


MetUuS 7ZU 73JU 

istmu ■■■ ‘ »m rm 

Rnum 7.004 

NffUns_ test: jjmi 


ttQMT. 1 m HR 

«££= *855 ^5 

Per Stare — 074 art 

tar WJ hr 

Bn * * ™ * - - 1484. 2332. 

Net Inc 15X25 129.71 

Fleet Hncait^cal 

Per Shore Ml 

Year IMS HR 

HM Inc. US4. M9T 

» 479 04 

o a 


Yeer.- iMs m 

WS&e: *iS 

McDonnell Douglas 
emoear. ' *" wn HR 
Revenue U4S7. 17,365. 

Net Inc lO)132JD 747J30 

Per Share . — T9 44 

Yeer ; • im l m 

Revenue K W. 17J4£ 

NM Inc 394«Ho)7SlD 

PM Share — W-W — 
a: Lots. ■ 


wamv me hr 
R evenue— 12S*. Itm. 

Norjnc. ...Si Ja DM 

Par Stare-— .049 040 

rMoefln . ' • mr wn 

. . . • . Mtdtaaftc 

RM ™ 
Per Share „ IPS 022 

Year IMS iff 

Revenue 7202. 7 J43. 

Net Inc *HJXtaiSBJX> 

Per Shore cio — 

o: Loss. Nets Indude nnervt 
of X? million and oak! of DP 
mUBon in IM? Quarter and 
gain of 02 million vs-dtaruas 
of SSD mutton hr Krff voarz. 

NBD Bancorp 
ethOear. 1973 WJ 

Netinc 1189* m.62 

Per Stare — &74 tin 

'four 1993 1993 

Netinc 48579 300.13 

Per Stare _ XOT 1ST 


4th Own. ms 1992 

SSS&ei "IS n 

Yew 1993 1992 

Netinc — 4040 440.10 

Per Share— 


Core States FtnanOa) JS 

MT— S 3 ZZ »SS£ra= IS ^ 

Par Stare 078 859 



Per Shore 

ifetinc- — lwS 7m 

W Half 

Yeor^ W3 WI Revanoa — 9iv» BOM 

Netinc 31492 W A Netinc 7030 STM 

Par Stare „ 249 157 Par Stare— 097 03B 

Monsanto . 

motor. WO 1992 

2 5^=: » 

Per Stare — 049- 1.M 

PaemcOtaA Electric 
anoeor. ms m> 
Revenue— 2J07- 2JS*. 

Netinc 29838 20880 

» — 845 044 

1991 1992 

18562. 10298 

MatlnC. IMS. 1.7 77. 

PM Shore U3 29 

1991 nets include ncrin of Si£ 
mUllon At Quarter and charge 
of JlfO mffitoi in m. 


«HQev. 1993 1992 

Revenue 1JW. 1^0. 

Nit me 2B890 27880 

Per Shore—. 090 083 

veer rm rm 

Revenue 7X78 743a 

Netinc iffso 8i&M 

Per Share — 205 241 

PNC Bank 

— 17l!8 ItXM 
Per Stare — 872 041 

Year iff im 

Netinc 7SSJP 42SS4 

Per Stare — 804 150 

Quaker Oats 
2nd Ooar. 1991 W91 

Revenue I4M am 

Netinc 4230 m3 

Per Stare 043 077 

lit Halt 1993 1992 

Revenue 2331 2827. 

Net Inc 13420 890 

Per Snare 154 — 

1992 stx-mon*tt net tadudfs 
drone of mss minion. 

Sod MicrosvslHni 

199* 1993 

1.1*1. 1551. 
4182 2410 

046 023 

199* 1993 

. 122 ; 

Netinc 4043 M 

Perstare — 862 071 

Ifnauarfar net Includes lass 
of ns mutton. 


Net Inc 

PerStare — 
IN Halt 

PoWtc Service Etrterp. 

Revenue— 14U- 

Netinc 7irt 

PerStare— 036 
rear rm 

Revenue SJW- 


Perstare — 250 

Total Petroleum 

vs S? 5 *- HS «S 

039 — 0)9 0X6 

1992 Year 199* Hit 

Uff- Revenue — 13X1. ^ 

*4.1* Net Inc 7TM 2.M 

817 perStare— 071 WO 

Daniel Chen, a director at the 
Taiwan Institute of Economic Re- 
search, said depredation of the 
Taiwan dollar last year had helped 
boost exports, though the currency 
had gotten moderately stronger in 
recent weeks. 

The government also announced 
that Taiwan’s industrial output, 
which bad been sluggish for most 
of the year, jumped 5.76 percent 
from a year earlier in December, 
far exceeding last year's overall 
growth rate of 3.42 percent. 

Once again, Taiwan’s informa- 
tion equipment and electronics in- 

dustry faded the growth, with out- 
put up 12.75 percent from a year 
earlier in December. 

“Although Taiwan’s economic 
growth now- depends more on the 
service industry , higher industrial 
output growth will have a knock-on 
effect in the whole economy,” said 
Wu Hui-Un at the Chimg-nwa In- 
stitution fra Economic Research. 

Taiwan's GNP grew an estimat- 
ed 6.03 percent last year but annual 
growth slowed to 5.78 percent in . 
the third quarter, hit by the global 
slowdown and cutbacks in domes- 
tic infrastructure projects. 

STAR TV Beset by Woes? 
Its New Chief Is Dismissive 


HONG KONG — Gary Davey. 
the new chief executive of "the satel- 
lite television company STAR TV, 
denied Thursday that its fortunes 
have been lackluster since Rupert 
Murdoch bought 63.6 percent last 

Mr. Davey, former deputy man- 
aging director at British Sky Broad- 
casting, said prospects are bright, 
but he plans no mtgor changes in 
the way STAR does business, par- 
ticularly in China. 

An Australian who is said to 
have been handpicked for the job 
by Mr. Murdoch, Mr. Davey, 39, is 
not ruffled by the company’s vari- 

ous problems: litigation with an 
advertising sales agent in Taiwan, 
the potential loss of a cable distrib- 
utor in Hong Kong, changes in 
management and rumblings from 
China that it will only accept for- 
eign broadcasts on its own toms. 

“Name me a business of this size 
that doesn’t have some litigation 
going on,” Mr. Davey said after a 
week in the job.“When you are 
dealing with complex contracts and 
complex relationships it’s inevita- 

STAR insiders say Mr. Murdoch 
is moving to Hong Kong next 
month to nelp smooth things over. 

Investor’s Asia 

Hong Kong 
Heng Seng 

St/aite Times 

'• -Tokyo 
'.Nikkei 225 

A “S' ON O J 
■<883 ' <3« 

A' S ON D:J ■ 
1993 . 1994 

A .& ON O J 
1883 1994 

Hbngkoog . 

Hang Sang 

Close ' 


Ptev. %'■ 

Ctosa i Change 

11^9.70 .-0^7 . 


Strata Times 


2^03^30. ■ 


. Aft Ordinaries 

2,266.20 ’ 

22482?:- +0JBQ- 


• Nikkei 22B 


194)39.40 +076 

Kuala Lumpur Composite 


1.031.78 ■ *254 




1,455.74 -421 


Composite Stock 

. «7ia» 

837.16 ' -1.00 


Weighted Price 


5,910.33 -t-70 : 

Mans a 



3,t«a28 +1.85 

Jakarta- . 

Stock index 


587.16 +1^1 

Mew Zealand 



2286.88 ■ .+1.3 3 


National index 


1,34025 ■ -237-' 

Sources: Reuters. AFP 

Irumuonnj7 Henil Tdteatr 

Very briefly: 

• Japan’s principal measure of money supply. M2 plus certificates of 
deposit, rose 1.5 percent in December from a year earlier, the Bank of 
Japan said. The measure includes cash, money funds and many deposits, 
but not the large sums kept by consumers in tbe postal savings system. 

• Pirifips Taiwan, a unit of the Dutch electronics giant Philips NV, is in 
tatlrc with several Taiwan manufacturers about licensing CD-ROM 
computer technology, a spokesman said. 

• Koknsai Deoshtn Deowa Co.. Japan's largest international telecom- 
munications company, said it would invest I tntiion yen {59.01 bilhonf by 
2010 to develop a new telecommunications network. 

• Taiwan announced a further easing of restrictions on indirect invest- 
ments that companies can make in China; 15 categories of businesses 
were given clearance, including construction and machi n e-leasing, the 
deputy economics minister. Lee Shu-jeou, said. 

• Mitsubishi Motors Corp. projected a 1 5 percent gain in vehicle produc- 
tion abroad, to 590,000 units this year, after growth of 18 percent in 1993. 

• FT Riaii Arabian Pulp & Paper said it would build the world's biggest 
pulp and paper plant, in the Riau archipelago of Indonesia, with a total 
investment of Sl.42 billion, according to local press reports. 

• Sumitomo Coal Mining Co. said it would close its last coal mine in 
Japan because domestic coal could no longer compete with cheap imports 
and die company’s losses were rising sharply. 

Bloomberg, AFP. AP, AFX 



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Umrsctay’s Clothij 

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Regaining Her Nerve, 
Sabatini Gains Victory 


The Associated Pros 

MELBOURNE — Gabrida Saba dm, the 
Argentine baadiner who has a reputation for 
blowing matches she should have won, regained 
her composure Thursday night at the Austra- 
lian Open to win a difficult second-round 
match against Natalia Medvedeva of Ukraine. 

Sabaimi, the No. 4 seed, let Medvedeva daw 
back from 1-5 to 5-5 in the third set before 
winning the match on her sixth match paint, 6 - 
1, 3-6, 7-5. 

Medvedeva made an astounding 51 unforced 
errors but kept herself in the contest with some 
deep groundstrokes. 

“Coming dose is not good enough any 
more,” she said, tears in her eyes. **I know I can 

beat thee players.” 

After squandering five match points, Sabati- 
rri won the 2 -bour, 8 -minute match with a 
backhand volley and said, “I had some difficult 
moments. She plays good when she’s lasing and 
it fdt like I couldn't finish iu 

"At 5-5 I started to think I could lose, but I 
played it point by point and did what I had to 

No. 2 seed Aranxta S&ncbez Vicarioof Spain 
and No. 5 seed Jana Novotna of the Czech 
Republic also advanced to the round of 32. 

Stefan Edberg and Mats WDander, champi- 
ons of the previous decade, showed earlier in 
the day that they still have plenty to offer the 
men's game in 1994. 

The Swedes, winners of five Australian Open 
titles between them, each posted an impressive 
victory to advance to the third round. 

Edbeig, the No. 4 seed and Australian Open 
winner in 198S and 1987, recovered from an 
early slump to beat a Dutch left-hander, Jan 
Siemerink, 4-6, 6-2, 6-1, 6-1, ending the match 
with an ace. 

WDander, who was given a wild card as he 
continues his comeback after knee surgery, beat 
Olivier DeUitre of France, 6-1, 2-6, 7-5, 6-4. 

WDander, 29, won the Australian Open in 
1983, 1984 and 1 988, but has been in semiretire- 
ment for the past three years. 

“I played a lot better today, a lot better than 
my first match,” he said. 

Edberg and WDander were joined in the Last 

32 by throe other Swedes, Lars Jonsson, Henrik 
Holm and Jonas Svensson. 

Jonsson defeated Youanes Aynaoui of Mo- 
rocco, 7-6 (7-5), 6-7 (3-7), 6 -U 6-3; Holm 
downed Australian Todd Woodbridge, 6-4, 7-6 
(10-8), 5-7, 4-6, 7-5, and Svensson beat Stefan o 
Pescosobdo of Italy, 6-2, 7-5, 7-5, to bolster the 
Swedish representation in the third round to 
seven, the most of any nation. 

Magnus Gnstafsson, the No. 10 seed, and 
Nicklas Kulti advanced Wednesday, but not aQ 
the Swedes were successful 

Todd Martin of the United States, seeded 
ninth, beat Jonas Bjorkman, 6-3, 6-4, 6-0, and 
Xavier Danfresne of Belgium downed Thomas 
Enqvist, 6-3, 6-2, 7-6 (9-7). 

Thomas Muster, the feisty sixth seed from 
Austria, beat Kenneth Carisen of Denmark, 6 - 
4, 6-4, 6-2, in a match that featured several 
acrimonious disputes over line calls. 

MaliVai Washington of the United States, 
who beat the No. 2 seed, Michael Stich, in the 
first round, led Andrei Cherkasov of Russia, 6 - 
4, 2-6, 5-2, when rain ended play on outside 
courts for the day. The match wDl be concluded 
on Friday. 

S&ochez Vjcario ousted Wang Shi-ting of 
Taiwan, 6-2, 6-4, but said that “I tried to get it 
over too quickly and I made some mistakes." 
She needed eight match points before d inching 
the victory. 

Novotna cruised to a 6-3, 6-1 victory over 
Helen Kriesi of Canada, while eighth seed 
Manuda Maleeva-Fragmfcre of Switzerland, 
who is playing her final major tournament 
before retiring, defeated Catalina Cristea of 
Romania, 5-7, 6-4, 6-4. 

Sabine Hack of Germany diminatwi the for- 
mer U.S. Open champion Tracy Austin, play- 
ing her first Grand Slam in more than a decade, 
6-1. 5-7, 6-2, in a match that Austin d e scribed 
as “a war of attrition.” 

The No. 9 seed, Mary Pierce of France, 
struggled past American Linda Harvey-Wild, 
6-7 (4-7). 7-5, 6-3, while Magdalena Maleeva of 
Bulgaria, seeded 14th, led Naoko Sawamatsu of 
Japan, 6-2, 1-1, when the rain started. 

Around Boetsch of France, the men's 16th 
seed, withdrew from the tournament citing si- 

Majors toHave3 Divisions in ’94 


Thomas Muster won a match, angrily. 

ous problems, letting Alexander Mronz of Ger- 
many advance. 

Alexander Volkov of Russia, the No. 12 seed 
and a U.S. Open semifinalist last year, pro- 
gressed to the third round by defeating the 
Australian Davis Cup player Richard rrora- 
berg, 7-6 (9-7). 6-3, 6-3. 

Karel Novacek of the Czech Republic, seed- 
ed 14th, struggled by Swedish qualifier Lais- 
Anders Wahlgren, 6-4. 7-6 (13-11), 7-6 (9-7), 
while Fabrice Santoro won a fiercely contested 
all-French match against Rodolphe Gilbert, 7- 
5, 5-7. 2-6, 7-5, 64). 

Australian Open Results 

Alexander Volkov (12), Russia, del. Rianra 
Frombera. Australia, 7-6 (9-7). 61. m; MOM 
WDander, Sweden Sri. Olivier DNattra. Franca 
6-1, 2-6- 7-S, 4-4; Karel NovoOSfc (14). Czech 
RngUbM LorvAnders Wall torea Sweden, 
6-4, 7-6 113-11), M (9-7). 5 Wan Edbora (4). 
Sweden. dot. Jan Stomerlnk, Nefherkaida, 4-6. 
6-2. 6L6I; Lara jonsson, Sweden. def. Yaounes 
El AynoouL Morocco. 7-4 (7-£),67<3-7),61,6& 
Fabric* Sontora Franca dot Rodotene Gll- 
bari, Franca. 7*57,2-47 S. 60; Jena Svena- 
sd»v Sweden, deiSteftoki PCscas o lMa. Italy. 6Z 
7* 7-5; Patrick Rafter, Australia, Set Jacco 
EMnMv Nclhertaiidl.64.6C 64; HanrficHaUn 
Sweden. dcL Todd Wtaodhrktoe. Aasfrallai6C 7- 
6 (1M 1.5-7,66. 7-5; Xovter Daufraena. Betoken, 
del. Thomas Enavtot Sweden, 6X62,76 (67). 

Alexander Mronz. Germany, daf. Arnaud 
Boetsch (16), Franca, walkover,- Todd Martel 
m. UA. del Jams Workmen. Sweden. 6464, 
60; GulHaama room. France, dot Patrick 
K (Amen. Genrxery, 6-2. 7-5, 6-4; Thomas Mustar 
(6). Austria dot. KennefttC or la t n. Denmark, 6 
464,62; Alex Anton Ifsdi. Austria, dot Jamie 
Maroon, Australia- 7-5. i-o rettrad. 

Romano Todtakuauma, Indonesia, dot. Po- 
irtctaTarablnl. AiuenHna-62. 76(7-2); Boom 
Ha Uutum ei , Austria del. Nanne DatiUnaa 
Finland. 6-3. 46, 7-0; Jane Taylor, Australia, 
dot Oiristhn Snoer, Germany, 7-4 44 7-0; 
Ann Gressmmv U-S* det Tatiana hmattova. 
Belarus. 6-), 60; Emanueto Zarda Swtaer- 
kmadeLYayukBtisukl. Indonesia 62, 7-6 (7-0). 

Undo FernmdalMiv. del TanolWMninaar, 
U-S.64.6-t; Statute A m wknana Belgium, def. 
Ftormdo LatxX, Aroeall na.6-1 6-3 ; Elena Uk- 
hovtseva Kazakhstan, del Anno Smushnova 
Israel, 2-6. 6% 6-1; Arantxa Sanchez Vtcaria 
12). Spain. del snwtno wona Taiwan, 6-2. 64; 
Gtgl Fernandez. ILL. det Vone Kamta. Jam, 
60.62; Jana Novotna (5), Czech Republic, dot. 
Helen KetesJ. Canada 60. 61. 

SoMne Hack. Germany, del Tracy Austin. 
US. 61. 67, 62; Manuota Moteevo-Fnanlere 
(B), Switzerland. daf. Colallno Cristea Roma- 
nia 5-7. 6-4.64: Morv Men* (9), Franca del. 
Undo Horvty-wna UA.67 (671. 7-3.63; Go- 
brtefti satxtnm (4), Argo nHna det Natella 
Medvedeva Ukraine. 61, 36. 7-5. 


NBA Standings 


Aflaatlc Dtvtatan 

W L 



New York 

a 9 




21 14 




14 19 



New Jersey 

14 a 




14 23 




15 22 




12 31 



Geotral Division 


S 9 




25 11 




21 14 




17 19 




14 18 




10 24 




8 27 





W L 




28 8 



Son Antonia 

24 13 




25 13 




14 21 




12 34 




2 34 



Portflc DMston 


29 5 




34 9 



Golden State 

21 14 




22 IS 




13 21 



13 24 



LA Lakers 

11 25 




San Antonia 

21 31 


IB— 108 

New York 

33 a 


»— 120 

S: Ellis 9-17 2-1 24. Del Ncgro7-90-822.N.Y_- 
Ewing 15-28 5-7 23, Starks 10-11 34 26. R*- 
bo on d s S on Antonio JO (Rodman 2D). New 
York 54 ( Ewino 161. Assist*— San Antonio 24 
W. Anderson 7), New York 31 (Anltany, 
Starks, Harper ■). 

Minnesota » 15 IS 27— 71 

New Jersey 27 28 M 27— na 

M: West 7-17 3-4 17, Rider 7-11 2-2 16. N J.: 

Coleman 9-1 3 66 34 Anderson 615 0-1 14 Ed- 
wards 618 60 16. Rebounds Minnesota 49 
(Langley 1). New Jersey 51 (Sctilntzius 10). 
■ ■ilin iMiixwiintnlTtl nrttnrr 141 vnillnms 
5), New Jersey 25 (Anderson 9). 

LA Clippers 23 34 24 21— 96 

Orlando 26 34 22 26— 108 

LA.: Harper 9-34 2-3 21, Aguirre 7-T7 63 20. 
0: Anderson 61763 20, O'Neal 17-27 611 40. 
Rebounds -Las Anoelea 52 (Harper 11). Or- 
lando 75 [O’Neal 19). Assist*— Las Angeles 27 
(Jackson 10). Orlando 24 (Hmdowoy B). 
PbHattotaMa 24 25 18 34— lU 

CterteMe 27 M V 16-115 

P: weaNiersaoon 1141 3-3 2&Barrae 7-132-2 
IS. C: Mound np 7-14 13-13 27, Curry 6152222. 
Reboaeds— Ftutedefnlilo 54 (Wsatheraooon 
1 1 LChariotte-a (Mourn Ins Wl . AsetXts— PW6 
adetehia 23 {Hornacek 8). Charlene 31 (Bo- 
Dues 9). 

Golden Stole 27 21 33 36-128 

Alteota 19 34 34 33-1)9 

GlMutUn 13-M M » SpreweTl 8-14 89 25. A: 
Wilkins 1627 6S 39, F e n ml 11-14 1-1 23. Rp- 
bounn— Golden Stale 52 (Muffln 1 1 1, Atlanta 
44 (Wttns8). AnWs-Gaiden state 24 (John- 
son 81, Atlanta 32 (Blaylock 14). 

Miami 13 31 30 SI— VI 

Indiana M 27 22 36-M9 

M: Smltti277-7UGetaer 6744 14.1: MUIer6 
20 7-7 21. Scott 614 22 2L Reboaods— Miami 45 
(Show 11), Indiana 51 (A.DavlsTI).AsaMs— 
Miami 21 (Smith 7). Indkma 27 (Workman 7). 
Wa s h legion 19 21 2D 23-83 

010090 14 te 27 21— 84 

W: Goa Dam 7-15 6922 Clwaney 614 25 19. 
C: Ptaoen 7-21 68 15, Armstrong 617 1-2 17. 
Reboaods— wommotan 50 (Gugllofta 15), 
aikamSI (Pteoen 11). Aselsts Was hington 
20 lAdams 7), Chicago 25 (Plnpan 7). 
Boston 24 14 34 19-89 

i v u h^ ge 34 20 36—84 

8: Parish 6)1 612 17. Brown 610 67 16. D; 
Jackson 1626 27 27, Mashfam 614 1-2 W. 
Rtewends— Boston 54 (Partwi 101. Dallas 54 
(Jones 13). Assists— Boston 19 (Dawolai 12). 
Dallas 19 (smith. Lever 5). 

Cleveland 11 31 27 14— 92 

Utah SI 34 25 29—104 

C: Daugherty 612 1610 32. Price 7-137-8 24. 
U: K. Malone 161661222 J. Malone 211 64 19. 
Ubeaods— Cleveland 44 (Daugherty 12), 
Utah e (Spencer 12 ). Asstots-Oevefcmd 17 
(Price 6). Utah 29 (Stockton Ml. 

Seattle 28 23 37 34—114 

Saawawda 21 22 24 16-95 

S: OH 614 1-1 22. Payton 1620 4-7 24. S'. 
SI mmons 4-9 7-8 l&WIlsoa 7-14 66 16 Williams 
612 64 15. Reboaods— Seattle 51 IQsr 9). 
Sacramento 48 (Wilson 9). AsAto— Seattle 28 
(Payton 8), Sacramento 23 (Webb 6). 

Major College Scores 


Army 92, BuckneD 90. OT 
Cormecttciit 7V, P r ovidence 78 
Duouesne TV. Rhode Island R 
Lafayette 77, Now 74 
Lehigh at Fordh ci n, npd, weather 
NkLaatttmora County at Tawsan St- ppcl 
N iagara 88, Buttota 74 
SL BanavHitare 68. Noire Dame 57 
SL Joseph'* 43, Gearae W ial i hw l un 54 
west Virginia 79. Marshall 47 

Alabama 71, L5U a 
Cent. Florida 79. Florida Alkmttc 59 
Citadel 48. Davkisan 41 
Florida SL 60, aemson S7 
George Mason 97, Richmond 92 
Georgia So u thern 80, Forman 76 
Jamas Modbon 99, American U. 83 
Marauefte 4a AJa.-BlmtMiam 58 
Mb*, vanev St 89, oral Roberta 78 
Mississippi 88. AuBurn 3S.20T 
Mlsitelppl SL 72. Arkansas 71 
Murray SL Bt Mem p hi* St. 77 
South Carolina 64. Tennessee 42 
Temtemee SL 46 Middle Tena. 54 
Vanderidlt 71, Georgia 47 
Virginia SL Norm Carolina 77 
wake Forest 47. Georgia Tech 43 
wiutam 6 Mary 86. East CoraOna 83 

Austin Peav at E. Illlnoli pad- we u th c i 
Bowfbia Green 77. W, Michigan 45 

By Claire Smith 

New York Tima Service 

da — The major league baseball 
owners, continuing ihar attempt to 
change the very nature erf howtiaar 
sport is run, have redrawn anmher 
pjartof the game. 

Hey reached agreement with the 
players association on the realign- 
ment of the leagues from two divi- 
sions to three and the addition of 
an extra tier of playoffs. 

Although the changes are guar- 
anteed only for the coming season, 
the agreement is as historic as the 
new revenue-sharing plan ham- 
mered out between the large- and. 
small-market dubs a day before. 

For the first time, the major 
leagues, long the professional U.S. 
sport with the narrowest and most 
discriminating playoff f fc fld. will al- 
low its two leagues to increase the 
number of playoff teams from two 
to four ana include its first wild- 
card berth. _ . 

Those four advancing dubs wDl 
indude the three division winners 
and the team with the best record 
among nondivision winners. The 
number of playoff teams wDl total 
eight, compared with 12 for the 
National Football League, 16 for 
the National Basketball Associa- 
tion and 16 for the National Hock- 
ey League. 

The American and National 
Leagues hi ter the season not only 
with East and West divisions but 
also with Central divisions. 

The new formats wDl feature bal- 
anced schedules under winch each 
team would play two hone series 
and two road series against each 
other, regardless of division. 

Thai means that in the two divi- 
sions that have four teams, the 
West divirion in each league, teams 
would play ap prox im ately one- 
fourth of their games against divi- 
sion opponents. 

Once in the playoffs, the division 
winner with the best overall record 

Bradtey SL Illinois SL 79. OT 
Butter 75, Loyola llL 99 
Datrait Moray aa EvonsvHto 41 
Illinois 105. Iowa 90 
Kant at Akron, nod, vMaDier 
Miami, Olio 87. E. Michigan » 

MkSilaan SL 7& Wboansta 40 
Missouri 92. IGMO SL 09 
OMo St. 79. Penn St. 57 
Ohio U. 76 Cent. MIcMoan 57 
OkMmaia SL 46 SW Missouri St. 43 
TateOa 72, BaH SL 40. OT 
WtarMIhvodcM 47. H. Illinois 45 
Xavier. OMo 82. Ondnnafl 74. OT 

Arfc^Pkw Blufl SL Alcorn SL 59 
Rice 102. Town Christian 76 
Texas 116 Baylor 85 
TtxsS A&M 47, Houston 40 

CS NorThridgaat Air Fora* pad, earttaiuika 
Colorado 86 Neb ras ka 81 

would play the wild-card team- un- 
less the two team* came from the 
same diviriozL iff they did, the wild- 
card team the.dmrion 
wmser with the second-best record. 

The othtf playoff would be be- 
tween the remaning two divirion 
winners. Once the direw>f-five- 
game scries ends,; the four-of-sev- 
en-game league riwmmfmdnp 5 ©. 
lies woiddprocttd^fdfoa®! by the 
foor-of-seven-gan* Worid jSeoes. 

Aft Tnrmfhg of negotiations, 
the new format finally came about 
on ihe final day of the annual meet- 
ings here because the owners 
agreed to compensate playera using 
one of several formats put forth by 
the playas association. 

It bad to agree because the own- 
ers were incre asing the amount of 
games the pjayos would have to. 

^ .. . 

“Essentially wthave committed 
to accept the unitm proposal that 
the players wfll receive 80 pezeent 
of the gate of the first three games,” 
said Richard Ravitch, the owners’. 

Search for C 

The Associated Pnss 

da — There will be six divisions 
and expanded playoffs this season, 
but no commissioner. 

Before adjourning their quarter- 
ly meeting, the owners decided to 
suspend the yearlong search far a 
commissioner until they negotiate a 
labor agreement, whkh hlcdy wDl 
take until August or September. 

The MDwankn Brewers’ presi- 
dent. Bud Sdig, agreed to coatinae 
running baseball as Awnww of 
the governmg executive councO-He 
has repeatedly ruled himself out as. 
a candidate for the p ermanent job. 

When they convened, the selec- 
tion of a (xmnnissionerwa&a prior- 
ity. But at least 16 of die 28 chibs 

chief labor negotiator, who made 
the announcement. 

But he «rid that any agreement 
on" this issue bc^nood. this comiug 
season would have to be n ego tiat e d 
asa part of coBective baigaimng on 

The agreement is not based an 
.the union's. initial demands. The 
' players had tried- various formats, 
m rfwdmg 'shortening the. season. - 

Ja .the..end,i Mr. .Ravitch. said, 
“Ihe owners did not fed this was 
the occasion to have extensive bar- 
g aining over relatively small 
amoonts of money. This was not an 
issue of piincipk. This is to ge t on 
to find points of agreement with 
the union, to worit with them to try 

to get a more rational economic 
system m basdbalL That’s what’s 
imponaxxL” - - 
; Donald Fehr, the; union chief, 
said of the new system, “We think 
it’s good tor the game, or we 
wooWn’t have agreed to it.” 

’ Whether it fives beyond 1994 re- 
mains to be seen. Last Sqitember, 

the 28 dubs passed a rradutiOT 
calling fra- a new divtSKHWl ahgn- 
nunn of four years, or the length of 
the next bargaining agreement, 
wtochever islonger. 

“Nobody’s quite sure^whai toe 
public response wDl be,” Mr. Ra- 
wtdisaid. “Wewffllean»alotfroni 
this year." • . 

Die resigned drviskms wfll be 

National League East: Atlanta, 
Florida, Montreal, New York 

Mets, Hnhddphia, 

National League Central: Gn- 
^nnafi | Q T ^ a g n CobS, HoaStiHl, 
Pittsburgh, SL Louis, 

National League West Cotora- 
dft LOS Angeles, San Diego, San 

American League East: Balti- 
more, Boston, Detroit, New York 

Yankees, Toronto. 

American League Central: Ch 
cago White Sox, Ocvdaod. Kansas 
Qty, MDwankee, Minnesota. 

American League West: Califor- 
nia, Oakland, Seattle, Texas. 

told the search committee that they 
opposed bringing in someone- new 
when the sport- is confronted with 
complex economic issues. . 

Toe owners never' voted on the 
fimtoststortfaejbb: theU-S-Oiym- 
pic Committee’s executive director, 
Harvey SdnDa; and Northwestern 
Umvezaty’S president, Arnold We- 

“It became increasingly dear 
that we could best be ka through 

this critical time by periuq» .the 
only peram who fufyunderatands 
tins journey," said the head of toe 
seardi committee, BQ1 Bartholo- 
may, whois cfaamnancf toeAdan- 
ta Braves. “The task for a new com- 
mMo ner is great imder bbmI 
conditions and neariy ixupossiMe 
Hnrrag these tunes.” 

The owners also set the stage for 
labo r ncg otiaticMS, which could be- 
gin as early as March, by- adopting 
a resolution that might make an 
■pT^yngiif with the umon more dif- 
ficult to adieve. 

Ratification oSf airy, settlement 
wDl now require 7S-pacent ap- 
parovaL In the past, only a majority 
vote was needed, lie change 
mraiiiK a bloc of. just eight, teams 
could stall a deal wifii toe union, 

Dl Qi not i n p nr Tirol on ring a strike or 


NHL Standings 

AttanNc milling 


. w 


T FtS'OF OA ' 

NY Rangers . 




43 142 115 

New Jersey 

21 ' 


54 141 124 





51 173 171 




44 125 121 





44 145 142 

Tampa Bay 




41 127 149 

NY Wanders 




39 154 154 

HwHiegsl Dtotriae 





M 144 140 





52 147 UJ 





49, 152 MO 





47 .un: f2k 





41 155 144 




• 4 

26 144 MS 





23 129 233 

CHM Dtvfstal 

TtUrd Ruaitf 
Bristol city 1, Liverpool I 

TWrtf Round Rs p4ayi 
CMN 4. Barnet B 
Evarton Z Bolton 3 
MtadteaDrough L Carton 2 
Noftlnoftara Forest a Sheffield WMnesday2 
Por tam auHi 1. WodOwra 3 
Taftenham 1, PetortaMougli 1 
(Totte nham wan 64 on pan aH tei) 
Bulgaria i. Mexico 1 
Norway 6 CM a Rks 0 
Tunisia l The Netherlands 2 
Portugal Z Spain 2 








43 M9 138 





97 207 154 





55 171 154 

St. Louis 




52 147 195 





47 134 131 





39 148 192 

PncMc Division 










45 152 158 

Las Angela 




48 170 180 





40 131 154 

San Jose 




40 121 145 





33 144 173 



kxN vs. Sri Lanka. Tidra Dor 
Thursday, In Lucknow, India 
Sri Lanka 1st Innings: 197-7 

*L Laois 8 I 3-3 

PMtadetnHa 3 13-8 

First Ptakxl: P-Galtey 7 ( Llndrax. BrlrnfA- 
maur); P-Ltadra* zi (Galley, Rmbare); P- 
Balvln 1 mpaaffc YusWorvIcW; IMJndn>s22 
(RucdlL Racine); FHJMTU21 (RsccM. Ra- 
ckte); (Ml). Second Parted: SL-Crassman 2 
(Koramaov, Miner); P-Dlaaen 15 (BrintfA- 
mwr, BaranokJ; (mi). TMfd Psrfad: 5L- 

M u nt g oinery2(LaperTlere);P 4' 1 edyfcl3(Gc6 
ter); (pp).lP-Faust2(Brind , Amaur,Dineeo); 
TSLrKatg mn ew S (Montgomery. Crananan); 
(mi). Shota oa mC SL (an IToasssI) 7-16 
17-34. P (an Hltan*) 1679-30. 

Anaks4m - 2 1 8 6—4 

Detroit .318 M 

First Pgrtod; OKorataatlnov 8 (Yfenranav 
Primeao); UhlArVWklB tCarkunvDoMnnlt 
(pp). A-Eweo 7 (Yoke) ; D-Yzwrocut 9 (Shep- 
panL CoWey); (ppL D'ZMdov 2 (McCarty; 
Coffey); (m>). Second Psrted: dm cCarty s 
(Feda-uv, Ctoffdy); A-Klng 8 (McSween); A- 
COrtanh U (McSsmni. Do4k»); (PPt.ShoMaa 
naN: A (or Osgood. Chevekfao) 61674-aaD 
(an Hobart) 945434-99. . .. 

N.Y. Hfc m dsrs 3 8 8 .6-3. 

Tmspe Bay T i; 11-4 

Ftaat Fortad: ILY^GrawindMgarackMo- 
“ lakhovlr- iLYrtCing- 21 (TOram Kaspnrai- 
lh);T^KtliiK> 19 (Grattan. Ode); N.YrFWra- 
raWtPtoMte KM i wra ll um owN F wtadsT-. 
Cato IB (KnatauGratkxOrf ppL Third Ported: 
T-Bradler 14 (Psppa); (M»L OniWM s: T- 
Graftafl S (Bargsirtn; KHmal.SbstaM goal: 
M.Y. (on Puppo) 13-67-8— ®L T (in McLen- 
nan) 1B4663 -t31. ' • • 

Taranto t .1 l ; , 9-3 

Hartfard 1113-3 

Flraf Portsdr T-e llatt 4 (Andrayclwfc, Bar*- 
dwvskr); (no). H-VWtaiek M (Storm, Pat- 
rldO. Second. Parted: i F Wytendw 3 (Km. 
Pronger); T-Zazei 2 (Eliott MantfsrvUto). 
TH4 Parted: T-MIrono* 4 (EitatL 

Eastwood}; (pp>. H-Vart>eek 25 (Km Cet- 
■sis); (pp>. M(s an soal: T (on Rsara) 1 MI- 
9-3— 33. H (on Pofwki) 617-0-4—34. 
EdMMrtan .. t » 1 6-1 

RaflMo . ■•18 4-1 

Second Parted; B-DarnoDy l (MogBny, 
MunO. Tldra psrted: E-Araort14 (Otaussaa 
Boars). Shots an goal: E (an Mgsak) 69-9- 
1—2*. 8 (on Rantord) 7-T1-62— 29. 

■oaten t I. 1 6-3 

Moatrsnl l 1 l 6=3 

FW Parted: MOdahtaJ (Patrav.Carkan- 
naau); BJNaaty 31 (JanaauD Epp). second 
Farted: B-Hwtws7 (Murray, Roberto); M- 
He4tor 3. TIM Fitted: BHtooly 32 Uionou, 
Bouraov); (pp).M-Potrov9 (Schneider, Octe- 

N^mations M a new collective 
bargaining agreement are expected 
to bediffioilt because mana^sment 
waatsasaiaiy cap to improve com- 
petitive halmcft. Flayers oppose 
any limits- on salaries. 

tetoLS h sto oa a anl:B (on Roy) 61673-3*. M 
(an caaay) 7-7-132-29. 

WoNdnpfn 8 1.9-1 

Ftesten 1 1 3-s 

_. Fhnt F arted : FBatanoar 9 (Ntodsrmnyar, 
MeUanby); (ppL Second Parted: ncudsbkl 
S (BNongsr. Lonaddnh (pp). FMolMby 18 
Wlad Niw a iu 1 . Bones); tesd. w-Borrklg* Tfl 
. CtaRntoi Huntort.18M pgrtod: FKmtotti 29 
(BokxwBr.LanKddn); FBekaigflrkMKukdsM. 
LomNdoL Shots oa goal: w (an Vanbtes- 
bruudO 0-142-21. F (on Beam) 11-66-25. 
New Jeney 12 1-4 

Wkndpag 3 8-8 

Flrat Ftrtod:. RJA^mleux 10 (34 u»uu L 
.Second. Farted: (LLMcKay 7 (NMernktvar, 
Sterara); NJrtfladamnyar 5 (Stevenv MH- 
mu (M* TINd Farted: NJriHcKayS (HaRk, 
. — Ttnrrrn-ri r frn rieiiiui 
oitoin 6636-OBi w ton Biadsar66t66-m 
CnteMV • -1 *.v-4 

VMKSlW. -'-.11- 1 1 

Flrat Ported: V-Courtaoll 14 (BahrahJ; C- 
Ntowwantfyfc 3a (Fteury, MoctanhO. second 
Festod: CMadnnblf (Ntoowsadyk); (pp).G- 
Tttow Id, V-Burn22 (Lanana); MO.TRM Fa- 
rted: V-CourtnaU U (Lwrerm, Gaflnas); Cpp). 
C-RtocM T8 (Fleary).aha(scn goal: C (an 
McLean) 7-134-33. V (an Kidd) 16614-32. 

Mo ti on al RBdk ete H A ia oc lntl s si 

NWUHten Antada sdl he site of 1994 All- 
Star game. Oeve i tend-LA. CBppera game 
scheduled for Friday wID be played of Groat . 
Western Forum due to damage at LA Sparta 
Arena and SacnmnteLA. Lakers game 
p o Btoe n ed Monday trill be played Feb. H. 

. CHICAGO— Acrtwotad EHU Cartwrhdit.can- 
tar^ram Murad [1st. Put Stacey King, centor- 
•prwanL on Inhrad IbL.. 

CLEVELAND— Put Tyrone HBL forward, 
on tafuradnst Signed Jay Gutelngen^Mitor, 
to 1 6day contract. 

DETROIT— Stoned Ben Colemn. forward, 
to T6dny con tract. Put Okton PoTynlce. center, 
on In lured HU. 


aite3F3!'.1£J 11 -■> -- 


Page 17 



r rr^'b: 

Bodyguard Further l inks Skater Harding to Attack on Kerrigan 

Complied Iff Our Staff From Oaptacha 

PORTLAND, Ow®Qpa— Tonya 

US. figure sfcating-^^l Nai^ 
Kerrigan and at Gncpramcom- 
plautod it was fe»Kwg too. Icngco 
cany out, her bodyguard tofernie 
Oregonian newspaper in an inter- 
view published Thursday. 

ou know, you seed to stop tease of an 

dingas saying. • ' r : 

'Tonya categorically denies 
those aflegationv said Harding's 
attorney, Domte Raw&dk^ ^e- 
believe Mr. BckardfsJaii^ awfi- 
biiity is already yrdl documented.” 
Eckardt also told the aewspapes 
that Harding's feaner- JHi&oand, 

Jeff GDJooly, offered a $10,000 - 
check from the UJ5. Figure Skating 
Assodarion as abonus if the attack 
on Karijgmwas carried out inune- 
diatdy. Top skaters get financial 
.aid from the governing body. \ 
Tfe aairspB 0 x imenriew-freg 
story below) was published a day 
after GfflooSy’s arrest and the ie- 
tease of maEfi&vit tea^edffs 

•- Shane Stmt, the alleged assail- 
ant in the attack, and Decode 
Smith, the alleged getaway driver, 
Eckardt and' Gtflooly have been 
dialed with crimihal conqaracy 
to commit assault. - • 

GiUooIy was released on $2,000 
bail "after his - arraignment. Stant, 

who could not immediately raise 
the money, was bang hdd until a 
hearing could determine whether 
the court would allow him to live 
with a relative under a form of 
house arrest. ' 

- Harding has sot been charged 
and has denied any involvement, 
but remains under investigation, 
said Assistant District Attorney 
John Bradley said. Hanfing was 
questioned for 10 hours Tuesday by 
the FBI and the district atipmey. 

■ Before the authorities an- 
nounced the arrest of Gilboly, 
Harding, said that she had agam 
separated from Mm. Although they 
were divorced five months ago af- 
ter more than three yean of mar- 
riage, they had reconciled and woe 

living tog ether ftwfag the time the 
authorities say the attack was being 
planned and took place in Detroit, 
just before (he US. championships. 

Harding won the women's title. 

Claire Ferguson, president of the 
skatmgassodatian, said its offi- 
cials uni) vote next week on whether 
to keep Harding on the US team 
for next month's Olympics in Lifle- 
hammer, Norway. 

The US. Olympic Committee’s 
executive director, Harvey Schiller, 
said be had discussed the issue with 
the Inter national Olympic Com- 

Schiller and the IOC’s director 
general, Francois Caxrard, met in 
New York CScy, where they were 
attending meetings on other issues. 

to discuss what role, if any, the IOC 
might play in deciding whether 
Harding goes to the Olympics. 

“He told me they still consider 
this an American matter," Schflkr 
said, “but he also said the IOC is 
the ultimate authority on Olympic 

The IOC can declare an athlete 
ineligible for the Olympic Games, 
and would be under no threat of a 
lawsuit in a U.S. court if it did so. 

Sources said the USOC has 
asked the IOC to investigate the 
possibility of allowing the United 
States to have a third bath in wom- 
en’s figure skating, which would 
allow officials to place tt-year-dd 
Michelle Swan on the team if Har- 

. W*. - ■ *«i " - 

■ »-v 

'TlieAjsodBtedPren-' ^ 

PORTLAND, Oregon — Here arc escapts 
from the interview wnh .Shawn Eric Ecfcamt, 
by The Oregcanan cohnnmst PM Stanford. 

Eckardt, 26, claimed the alleged plot to 
ipjurc Nancy Kenigaabcgan .whm Har~. 
ding’s ex-husband, Jeff. Gfllody, visited 
E Arndt’s office on Dec. 16 or 17. ; - 

At the time, Eckardt said, he was operat- 
ing his fledgling security business, Wcdd 
Bodyguard Services Ino{ from aroomontbe 
second floor of his parents’ house. 

Eckardt said he has known Gfflodyance. 
he was S. During the pastfive or sixycara- 
Edcardt said he provided occaaonal security 
advice to and Gfiflooly.He was : 

never paid for those services, Eckardt said, 
baton occaskmGinooIymdHairi^ 

<alm him nnt fftrdm per . 

When GiDooly viatedlastiiKHitKEtiardt 
said, Gilloaiy told Mm this was achanceto 
mafcff big money guarding other skaters. - 

ECKARDT: “He, you know; asked me ri 
there was any way that I could find some- 
body to, you know, disabteNaacyKcaiso^ 

OREGONIAN: Ts that the word he 
used, disable?” •••••-• 

ECKARDT.” Well, makeit so she 
couldn't skate. That was more tike die 
phrase be used ... And then he said, you 
know, when this happens, the' skating world 
will be in an uproar -and, yon know, because 
sports are becoming more violent . 

“And then he said Td make a lot of 
money. Things Hke,/How’s it gonna feel 
driving that Vaijd new 23U CarvetteT’ And, 
‘What’s it grama' be like having an -affioe 
suite in one of the downtown bandings,’ and 
all (hat other stuff." 

Eckardt said another lon gtime friend, . 
Derrick Smith, 29, called shortly afterward 
to discuss Smith’s plans to start an anti- 
terrorist academy near Phoenix. Eckardt', 
said he told Smith that GfllOofy had asked 
bm and asked hra if hie wouMte : 

m donj&rtoeii^fe amount 

recommended by GiBooly? , . . ' . v;V. 

Eckardt said Smith Kphed: “Yeah,. W, 
can do it for thatWeftlpay Shane S4jOQO, 
and he’ll do it" 

has bear charged, along whhEckardt, Smith 
and Gfflody, with conspiracy to c ommit ' . 
assault in the Kerrijpn attack. 

Eckardt saidthat he, Slant and Smith met 
with Gfliooh cm Dec. 27 or 2& 
ECKARDT: “White we were waiting, 
Derrick Smith asked me to tape the conver- 
sation so that he would be aide to have 
leverage agaznst Jeff at a later date. 1 put the 
tape recorder on the desk and pot a paper 
lowd over it. 

OREGONIAN: “When Smith told G2- 
lodfy be was here to hdp Mm, what did 

.. ECKARDT; “He told him bow we was 
locking far someone to make sure that Nan- 
cy Ken^andidnT^te in the natronals. 

•• OREGONIAN: “How specific did he 


’ ECKARDT: “Well, he didn't We started 
: bouncing around ideas from cm spectrum 
to die other. We started using terms tike, 
'Why dcm’twe get rid (rfharT Well get 
rid of heri and stuff tike that 
“And then l really didn’t want to be 
involved in any mxntter conspiracy or any- 
. tiring. I mean, that jnstsortof red-flagged h 
in my nrind right fiia. And we sona basical- 
ly sorta moved away from that" • 

: OREGONIAN: “How? What eke did 
anyooesay? M 

ECKARDT: “Wdl I said, We don't need 
to (hr that . . r And Jeff said, *Whal can we 
do less than that? And we started bounding 
ideas around, tike, well, you know, the stan- 
dard,... Imean the sort of sort of things that 
you would see in the movies, like, yon 
know, damage to the hamstrings and Adnl- 
tes’ tendons and things Eke that 
' . “And that Jeff mentioned, wdl, her land- 
ihgleg. If yoodoanytMng to Iter landing leg, 
she can’t do a jnnqt. She can’t skate. 

“ ‘It’s a perfect ideal Disable her landing 
legt She won’t he able to skater he said.’* 
“Jeff had to wail became Tonya had to 
'comepH^Mmiqv became she had dropped 
Mm off. And wheat he left he^ was all exated 
and Iwbbly about aQ this money he was 
going to moke." ■ 

_ . claims 'Smith and Gfltooly ako- 

eauB u^-widr the idea of leaving a note 
behind^ suggesting that the attack, was the 
act of a crazed individual who was staQring 
hB the top mteraatiooal skating stars. 

. OREGONIAN: “Who were the other tar- 

ECKARDT: “Well, Tonya’a name was on 
it, Keirigan's name was an iL and some 
other people I don’t recall. Derrick told me: 

Jost cut (letters) out of magazines and paste 
them together .. „ 

“And Jeff keeps going: ‘Yeakyw guys wifi 
be the bodyguards to toe figure skaters.' " 

Eckardt said the plan began unraveling 
when Smith and Stant kept dermmdmg more 
money and GiDoaty, in mm, demanded results. 

Eckardt cJaimed that GiDooly told bimhe 
had Banting’s permissioD to spend toe moo- 
ey on the alleged plot. He said he bad been 

taldna some pandafiers for a bad back when 
Harding came skating np at a practice. 

ECKARDT: “She said, Hi, how’s your 
back?. How’ie yon fediugT I said, *Oh, not 
rwB^ wdL’ I feel like Tm drunk because I'm 
on my pain medication. 

“And then she said that she was . . . disap- 
pointed that these guys weren’t able to do 
what they said they were gonna do. And why 
hasn't it happened yet.” 

At this point, Edcaidt claimed, the plan 
was to attack Kerrigan in her hotel room, 
which be says Handing identified for them. 

On the morning of Jan. 6, Eckardt said, he 
was awakened by a call from Gfllooly, who 
wad him that he'd just beard that Nancy 
Kerrigan had been attacked. 

A couple of hours later, Eckardt said, he 
was watching television when he saw Kerri- 
gan lying on the floor, screa m i n g and crying 
after dm attack. He said be went into the 
bathroom and threw up. 

ding is removed after the Jan. 31 
deadline for naming the team. 

Kwan came in second in the U&. 

In Stooeham, Massachusetts, 
Kerrigan skated for more than an 
hour Thursday morning and exe- 
cuted a double-aid. 

*T did a little Ml more today,” 
she said afterward. “I fed great.” 
Her father, Dan Kerrigan, said: 
“Her hardest jump is the double- 
axd and she landed that today and 
she did it beautifully. Her knee is a 
IiUle stiff, but she's doing great” 
Neither Kerrigan nor anyone 
with her would comment on the 
arrest of Gfllooly or toe latest state- 
ments by EckardL 
In the affidavit, Eckardt said 

that Harding had twice telephoned 
a skating rink outside Boston, 
where it was initially intended that 
(he attack would be' made, to learn 
when Kerrigan was practicing. 

Telephone company records 
show four calls from the GilJooiy- 
Harding residence to toe arena in 
East Dennis, Massachusetts, where 
Kerrigan practiced, toe affidavit 

A woman who identified herself 
as a manager at the rink but would 
not give her name said that some 

3 toyees had received telephone 
from a woman asking when 
Kerrigan would practice during toe 
time to question, buu she said, “We 
have no idea who they came f rotn." 

The affidavit reflects evidence 
collected by the FBI from the con- 
fessions of Eckardt and two otha 
men. a statement by Eckardt's 
mother, bank records, money 
transfers, telephone logs and hotel 
records. It includes no information 
or allegations from Harding. 

“The warrant was signed before” 
her meeting with the FBI and other 
law enforcement officials, said 
Norman W. Frink, a deputy dis- 
trict attorney. He said (hat the in- 
vestigation was continuing and 
□tore arrests were possible. 

Asked if Gfllooly was the “mas- 
termind” of the group. Frink said, 
“If they were smart, we would not 
have eotcen them.” 

(AP. NYT. WP) 

In Europe, a Time Warp 

Jary Lmpco'Rtmm 

Jayne Torrifl and Christopher Dean damvxt back into the lead in Copen h age n . 

By Ian Thomsen 

international Herald Tribune 

sey, the Russian couple had their 
first child, a girl they named Daria, 
and within a month the mother 
resumed skating. They were profes- 
sional skaters touring America. 
They' were sating security for their 
new family, you would have 
thought, when suddenly they quit 
their job, returned to Moscow and 
began to prepare for toe Olympic 
Games as they bad as teenagers. 

“It wasn't a quick decision.” said 
Ekaterina Gordeeva, 22 years old 
and a mother for 16 months. “If we 
did it, Sergo said, we would skate a 
little better than we did as profes- 
sionals. He said it didn't matter 
bow we competed, but it would be 
very good to get in shape again. It 
would hdp us in later life, and it 
would be very good to get back in 
shape and in discipline again.” 

They make it sound as if they 
were deriding to join a health club. 
Gordeeva and her husband, Sergei 
Grinkov, now 26, were either world 
or Olympic pairs champions annu- 
ally from 1986 until 1990. The rou- 
tines of competition exhausted her 
then. They skate now with the raj- 
demanding that someone like Jen- 
nifer Capriati craves, that they 
couldn't appreciate what they were 
doing as youngsters until they were 
old enough to try something else. 

On Wednesday night here they be- 
came the first of the fanner profes- 
sionals to win a major international 
competition, skating to their third 
European pahs title ahead of two 
other Russian couples. These are 
worthy snapshots for figure dating 
times rxH likely to he reaeared — not 
only toe past competing with toe 
present, but toesgbs, taken for grant- 
ed, of three Russian pairs on the 
awards podium. Likely it will not be 
seen again a decade from now. 

“Now is much better the condi- 
tions, but it was much harder to 
skate in the summer” said Vadim 
Naumov, 24, who won the sflver 
medal with Evgenia Shisbfcova. 21. 
“It was a big problem to have ice. 

For one month we bad to skate one 
rink one week, another rink anoth- 
er week. We didn't know if we 
would have ice tomorrow.” 

Third were Natalia Mishkutenok 
and Artur Dmitriev, the 1992 Olym- 
pic champions, who earned sex 
scores of 5.8 or better for artistic 
impression with their 4 minute. 30 
second free program. They might 
have been second had not toe Czech 
judge erred during the short pro- 
gram Tuesday. After awarding them 
law marks of 4.4 and 4.7 out of a 
posable 6 jQ, she was reportedly seen 
raisng her hand to indicate that the 
scores should have read 5.4 and 5.7. 
But the scores were not changed 
“I think if I can make some mis- 
takes in competition, judges can 
make some mistakes,” said Mish- 

In bracing to take on the new 
boss (same as the old boss/. Mish- 
kutenok and Dmitriev have put in a 
difficult program entitled “Sym- 
phony of Emotions.” It hasn't been 
easy for them. Asked to describe 
toe stray told by their presanation, 
Dmitriev shrugged and said, “1 
think it's a vcrylong story for this 
time. I will tell you another time.” 
Under toe traditional rules, they 
might not have frit the need to 
stretch themselves, while toe new- 
comers — SMshkova and Naumov 
— would have been high contend- 
ers in the Olympics next month. 
They might have complained. 

“m this competition, everybody 
wants to know what 1 think about 
the professionals coming back," 
Naumov said “It is not my deri- 
sion. Evayane has toe right to 
come hade if they feel toe need to 
come back. It is more difficult for us 
as amateurs to compete with those 
professionals. We must do our de- 
ments much harder, much stronger. 
When we have this situation, we 
must struggle. I think it is veiy 
much a better situation for us.” 
Other games might penalize time 
Spent away, but this sport of expres- 
sion dearly applauds it, provided toe 
experience is freshening and vibrant. 
Artistic scores such as then' earned 

late Wednesday — four 6.0s and five 
53s from the Gine judges — seem less 
like a paycheck and more tike a re- 
ward to Gordeeva and Grinkov. 

“Sergei says he is feeling every- 
thing much more right now,” Gor- 
deeva said. “He says before it was 
not like be was a machine, but he 
didn't fed everything enough. Now 
we try to feel everything.” 

On Thursday afternoon toe gate 
was opened for Jayne TorviJ and 
Christopher Dean of Britain, the 
Olympic ice dancing champions 10 
years ago who have come back now 
to test themselves against time. Af- 
ter a few bps around toe rink they 
stood in silence in toe comer like 
ghosts, watching their descendants 
preparing Eventually, pair after 
pair had to skate off toe ice past the 
past champions in their black out- 
fits, she 36 and he 35. They were 
alone. Then toe rumba began and 
they too came alive, sensationally. 

Having tied for second in toe 
ccmpulsories Tuesday, they needed 
to beat their rivals in this 2 minute 
original dance — worth 30 percent 
of the total score — in order to 
contend for the championsMp. 
Their presentation was graded two 
scores of 6.0 and six. of 5.9s, which 
broke toe tie with Oksana Gritschuk 
and Evgeni Platov of Russia and 
moved them into a tie for first with 
the 1993 Russian world champions, 
Maya Usova and .Alexander Zhulin. 

The championship itself is not so 
important; toe audience has been 
watching carefully to see if elders 
wfll stumble against the driJdren. In 
1984, Torvfl 3nd Dean were winning 
with little such challenge. In 1994. 
they must bear their two Russian 
challengers Friday night in toe free 
program, worth half of the total 
score. If the Britons succeed, as 
someone intimated with a question, 
will it mean (hat toe sport has failed 
to grow in their decade's absence? 

“I don’t know about its develop- 
ment, because we've stiD been part 
of it,” said Dean, who skated profes- 
sooaHy with Torvfl. “Whoever wins, 
that is going (o be the style for toe 
next four years.” 

T -m i: 

Tokio, Endeavor Now Tied for Lead 

SOLrTHAMPTON,Enriand CAP) — Tcdtioand NewZealand Endeav- 
or w ere tied for toe lead as tore yachts neared the end of the 

third Jeg of toe Whitbread ’Round fhe^ -Wood Race. ... 

Tokicv a Japanese-New Zealand WMtbread eUartry, andNew Zealand 
Endeavor, a maxi-class boat, w ere reported 412 f nautical nffles front the 
finish at Auckland, New Zealand. The Japaneae-Now Zealand entry 
Yamaha, dgbt mfles off the lead -early in the day, had not reported its 

position but was still teaed in third place. - • - - — ;• - -•• • _ 

The yacht Winston was 13 nnles off toe lead, with Spam’s Galicia 93 
Pescanova another three miles back and Europe's Tntrom Jostitia a 
further nine miles behind. 

• The catamaran ENZA New Zealand was 312 oantical miles ahead of 


while the French t rimar an Lyoanaise des Eaca-Dumez was 126 miles 
-behind. f-d/PJ 

6 More Top 25 Teams 
Taken Down a Notch 

}$' German Soccer Decision Criticized 

( ft ^ * - BONN f AFP* —The derision to call off an Endand-Gamany si 

BONN (AFP) —The decision to call off an EngLand-Germany soccer 
tmtnh on Hirer's birthday because of threats of dashes between neo- 
Nazis and English boc^gans was faarsbiy cnticized ’Ibu^ day. 

latln*f t^vMencft.” 1 lie me* Central Council of Jews in 

-- lation to violence.” The ^afrrrtan of &_Central Cpnncfl I of Jews _m 

^n^its^n«s before acts of right-wi^'^cajce.” / , 

• A!*** BaD was appointed manager Thursday of the jaruggfmgPrb- 
nrier league dub Southampton- He racceedsImiBrmrfop 4 v*oie%si# 

^ last week. .V. .1 

Weighdifter* Gained Not JustFame \ 

BONN (Reuters) — Weighlfifters m East Germany were forced to get 
- :>• fattv tissue removed from their chests because they bad usedanabofic 
•*r steroids, according to documents from, the former Stas state security 
* police torn wererokased Thursday. ' . 
y I 1 ' '*AccaniinE to a Stasi interview with a GDR sprats official m 1984* five 
- ' w righ tHriera who had used toe drags underwent operations at a Berlin 
bo^tal to lave fat resnoved from around thefr primal musdra at the • 

. .end of the Italian Olympic Federation ruled these 

\ J : is pbiwbfc Evidence that Fahio Sdfiavo, an Italian track coach, had 
V tmzed an athlete to use steroids. The .report ‘.is ,to bfc neferfed to tote 
■ nariwial t nub and field federation for a ruling. - (AF) 




UK 071 589 5237 




m K34456 

The Associated Press 

M’s not safe to be ranked as one 
of college basketball's top teams 
anymore. . 

. SSxmoreotthetop 25 were upset 
on Wednesday night. 

Mtafesfuri St 72, No, 3 Arkan- 
sas 71: TJ. Honore sank two free 
throws in the final 33 seconds as 
the surprising Bulldogs (71-2, 5-0 
Sootheastern Conference) over- 
came alO-point first-half tomcat in 
taking a tw o-game lead over viat- 


mg Arkansas (12-2, 3-2) in the 
SEC’S Western Division. 

Coriiss Wffiamson got 26 paints 
for Arkansas, vducti shot 34 percent 
Qfrof-77) affltost toe league’s best 
defease. The Raorirbacks also made 
jnst 13 of 28 free throws. 

No. 4North Carofiaa 
77: Junior Buitough scored 10 of 
Vngfnia’s last T4 points and toe 
Cavatiers hdd visiting North Caro- 
lina to four field goals in the final 
six nannies. : 

Buntragh wound up with 22 
points as vngmia (10-4, 4-1 Atlan- 
tic Coast Conference) took sole 
possession of first place in toe 
league. The Tar Heels (13-3, 3-2) 
lost lor the fourth time in their last 
six games at Charlottesville. 

No. 10 Connecticut 79, Provi- 
dence 7fc Kevin Offie dribbled the 
field goalof the game, a lay-op with 


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12 seccmds left, as Connecticut 
(16-1, 60) won the Big East at 
Providence (9*4, 3-3). 

Michigan St 70, bio. 14 Wiscon- 
sin 60: Michigan State (12r5, 3-2 
Big Ten) dealt Wisconsin (12-2, 3- 
2) its second straight road loss as 
Shawn Respect scored 16 of his 20 
points in (he second half. 

Wake Forest 67, No. 17 Georgia 
Tech 63: Trekxujic Owens scared 23 
points and got toe go-ahead three- 
point day with 1:42 left as the De- 
mon Deacons (12-4, 3-1 Atlantic 
Coast Conference) hong on against 
the Yellow Jackets (10-5, 1-3). 

Marquette 60, No. 18 Aia.-Kr- 
minghani SR: Jim McUvaine scored 
24 points, two on free throws with 
seven seconds left that ensured vic- 
tory for Marquette (104, 3-0 Great 
Midwest Conference) and ended 
an 11-game winning streak for the 
Blaam (13-2, 2-1). 

No. 22 Xavier 82, No. 19 Gndn- 
nati 16: Jeff Massey made two 3- 
pomters in overtime to give (12-1) 
its victory over Cincinnati (124) in 
rare of tire most emotional games of 
their aosstown rivalry. It ended 
with Cincinnati's coach. Bob Hug- 
gins, screaming at Xavier's coach, 
me Gillen, afterward. 

No. 24 West Virginia 79, Mar- 
shall <77: Pervires Greene scored 23 
points as visiting West Virginia 
(H-2) won the intrastate against 
Marshall (5-10). 



on Page 4 


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Page 18 



The Won’t-Do President 

By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — I have been 
studying the Washington 
news this past week while you, HI 
bet, have been in deep immersion 
with ice skaters and the families 
Bobbitt and Menendez, 

Am I being condescending? Ab- 
solutely noL The kneecapping of 
Nancy Kerrigan and the Bobbin 
and Menendez bloodlettings speak 
painfully of our time and place. 

There is real significance in stuff 
like ihi^ and you can be sure the 
Washington newspeople would not 
only find it, they’d make your hair 
stand on end by explaining it. if they 
weren’t so busy saving the nation 
from its bumbling presidents. 

What, after afi, could be more 
American than blowing the old 
folks away with shotguns while 
they’re eatmg ice cream in front of 
the TV set? That’s right: not just 
apple pie, but also telling the jury 
you did it in self-defense. 

What could be more American 
than the butcher knife in the bed- 
room and the club to the knees in 
the ice rink? Right again: not just 
apple pie, but also the automatic 
pistol, reveling in the opportunity 
to say “penis" out loud, and paying 
millions of dollars to athletes will- 
ing to praise breakfast cereal. 

cessfuliy shouted down ah Ins col- 
leagues and hijacked jhe camera. 

Has any president been more 
thoroughly graded during his fust 
year Bill Clinton? Surely not. 
This week, marking the end of his 
first full year, naturally brought 
end-of-year report cards. 

Studying them, I am saddened 
but not surprised to learn that, in 
the judgment of these Washington 
news people wise in governance. 
President Clinton amply won’t da 

The reason I am not surprised is 
that when they graded him last 
week they also said he wouldn’t do. 
What’s more, in their year-end re- 
port cards issued to Ml the news 
doldrum between Christinas Eve 
and Twelfth Night, we all remem- 
ber what they said, don’t we? 
“Won’t do." 

Still, while studying the Wash- 
ington news may be dusty, musty 
work for the unlusty. somebody has 
to keep track of the Union's ever- 
declining state. Thus 1 can report as 

President Clinton still won't do. 

Thai's the consensus of the press 
and televison newsfolk whose duty 
is to grade presidents. Some do h in 
newspaper columns, some do it in 
news stories and some do it in week- 
end TV’s nosy grading sessions. 

These can be seen on national 
networks between Friday night and 
the start of the Sunday football 
games but, except by masochists, 
they are pretty much ignored out- 
side Washington. Besides grading 
the president, the experts of press 
and television point out what be is 
doing wrong, how he could do it 
right, what heought to be doing but 
isn’t, how be should do it and how 
he can stop making a terrible mess 
of everything. 

This, it usually turns out, requires 
him simply to take the advice of the 
reporter or columnist who has suc- 

If you’ve ever had a child who 
shouldn't have taken Parade Phys- 
ics 101 in the first place you know 
it’s no fun having these grades on 
your president sent home from jour- 
nalistic equivalents of Professors 
Oppenhdmer, Fermi and TeOer. 

They began when he’d been less 
than a month in the White House: 
“Won't da" Then came the de- 
pressing “First Hundred Days" re- 
port: “Still won't do.” 

A successful speech or two and a 
couple of occasions when Republi- 
cans voted his way because his way 
was the Republican way — these 
brought a little relief. “Slight im- 
provement this week.” Always fol- 
lowed by the same old report after ’ 
the news experts' latest assembly: 
“Just won’t do.” 

Having studied the wisdom of 
these graders, I know what the presi- 
dent must do to succeed and list just 
a few of these things: get tougher 
with North Korea, come clean pron- 
to about Whitewater, either adopt a 
dynamic new foreign policy or cut 
out foreign policy altogether, show 
contempt for labor and dvil rights 
leaders, find out what Republicans 
want done and do it. do something 
brilliant about Bosnia, talk less, and 
idl his wife to stay out of the office. 

Personally, I say he’ll have to 
stop saying “grow the economy.” 
You grow tomatoes, not econo- 
mies. Presidents who don't know 
the difference just won’t da and Fd 
like to say so if you’d just point the 
camera my way. 

/tow lari Times Service 

Movie Sets Off British -Irish Uproar 

By Jonathan Freed! and 

Washington Post Service 

W ashington —as the end credits 
roll, and a techno jig plays, there is 
cheering, some tears, even dancing. Sinead 
O’Connor’s lilt. Daniel Day-Lewis’s Bel- 
fast accent and the last two hours of Celtic 
drama have the audience transported. 

Bui far beyond the movie theater, across 
the Atlantic Ocean, there is no dancing. 
Only dark talk of conspiracies, of “tar- 
gets.” Few in Britain have seen “In the 
Name of the Father," which does not 
open there until next month. But the film 
has already been branded a “danger.” with 
sinister whispers that Day-Lewis and cos- 
tar Emma Thompson were “crazy” to 
make it. (hie British paper chided that 
they might as well have appeared in “Hoo- 
ray for the Final Solution” or “Pol Pot 
Takes a Holiday.” 

Leading the attack are conservatives 
who say the film is a ragbag of lies and 
distortions, a British “JFK" that will serve 
only as propaganda for Britain's most vi- 
cious enemy. Suits are threatened, while 
some of those involved with the real-life 
events depicted in the movie have con- 
demned it. 

“In the Name of the Father” (review on 
pay 8) tells the story of a man who is 
jailed for a crime he did not commit The 
trouble is that the man in question is Irish 
and his jailers are British. To Anglo-Irish 
eyes that makes “In the Name of the 
Father” a war movie, one about a war that 
is still going on. 

The drinkers at the Horse and Groom 
pub. like those at the Seven Stars, both in 
the weH-to-do southern English town of 
Guildford, probably never thought of 
themselves as living cm the front line On 
Oct 5, 1974, two bombs put them there. 
Five people were killed and 71 were injured. 

The police picked up four people for 
the bombings, including Gerard Cordon, a 
petty thief and layabout from Belfast. 
Undo: pressure — lie says he was tortured 
by police officers — he made a confession 
in which he implicated his aunt and her 
f anijl y, a move mat would eventually drag 
his father down with him. 

(Won spent IS years in jail, his father 
died a prisoner. Conlon was released in 
1989 after London’s highest court finally 
bowed to a long campaign, admitting Brit- 
ain had locked up the wrong people. 

On that day the Guildford Four became 
folk heroes. They became TV regulars, 
joining the parly circuit: One of them. 
Paul Hill, even married a Kennedy (Rob- 
ert Kennedy’s daughter Courtney). 

In Ireland their celebrity has not faded. 
When “In the Name of the Father” pre- 
miered there, the post-movie party at Dub- 

often: On the night of the bombing, Ccm- 
loais diown robbing a prostitute’s apart- 
ment,, suggesting to die audience that he 
had a pmec^Sbfflf incriminating, aEbL ; 


days after the bombing. 

The film's key refeoonsbtp.B between, 
Gerard and bis ailing father, Giuseppe. As 
they share a prison ceD, die wayward, 
imma ture son learns to admire, the 
stren gth of the man he’d oocedespised. In 
reality, the torn never lived in the same cdL 
Sometimes they were in differenyaOsi. . 

“Have you come here fo kiH uS?” asks 
She ridan ~ in W «_ »Jim g ton on a promo- 
tional lour— when hftheats a reporter’s 
British accent He arid Conkm are on the 
defensive, aware of die hammering their 
movie is ta king across the water. . “It's a 
dirty game,” says Sheridan, a Dubliner. 
He suspects the onslaught is die ; handi- 
work of these in the British establishment 

who never befieved -fee GuMfonf Four 
were innocent. v 

Next to him hunches Conkm, now 39. T 
can identify with everything feats in it” 
he says of the film’s alleged departures 
from the facts of his ordeaL 

Moviemaker Jim Sheridan wife Darnel Day-Lewis during fee filming. 

Un Ca si ^ was a night out for the Irish elite, 
with the likes of U2 and Naomi Campbell 
keeping up the glamour quotient The fit™ 
grossed $750,000 within two weeks, a re- 
cord topped there only by “Jurassic Park." 

Critical plaudits deluged Day-Lewis, 
who plays Conlon. His West Belfast ac- 
cent is perfect, and there is admiration for 
his clogged preparation for the role. He 
subsisted on a diet of cold porridge and 
slops, denied hims elf sleep, spent three 
days in a cell, had cold water splashed over 
him, and submitted to interrogation by 
two real detectives. 

Day-Lewis also spent time with Gerard 
Conlon himself — becoming says Conlon, 
a “big brother.” They drove around Ireland, 
latlring about the “pain, humiliation and 
degradation" of Coition's years in jafl. 
Under the guidance of Jim Sheridan, who 
directed his Oscar-winning performance as 
the disabled writer Christy Brown in “My 
Left Foot.” the actor is now accused of 
creating a character who is dangerously 
sympathetic. Several London papers 
claimed that , by showing the British au- 
thorities in such a harsh tight, the movie is 

bound to renew American support for fee 
IRA. __ 

Thompson dismissed that criticism 
in the most succinct terms. “I don't give a 
[expletive}, quite frankly,” she told Vanity 

Tbe three policemen who conducted the 
Guildford inquiry are th r eaten in g to sue 
the filmmakers for libel Detectives in tbe 
movie are shown extracting a confession 
from Conlcm by polling his ears, beating 
Ms bead and threatening to k31 Ids father. 

year all charges against the real-life 
officers _were dismissed. _ 

No less antagonistic to fee film are fee 
Maguires, the dutch at Conkm relatives 
who went down because of his testimony. 
“Conlon should be pot bad: in prison for 
what he has done to my fantily,’’ said Ms 60- 
year-old unde Pat Maguire, wrongly jaded, 
along with his wife and children, for run- 
ning a bomb factory out of Ins borne. 

Each of these hostile camps has come up 
with a raft of inaccuracies it has spotted in 
the movie. Trials are merged or placed out 
of order, dates do not match, several indi- 
vidaals are forged into composite charac- 
ters. Two examples are mentioned most 

were legitimate artistic license, bran of the 
necessity to bail down a 15-year odyssey 
into two horns of moving pictures. Yes, 
having father and aan feme a cell was a 
“dramatic device,” bat ft turns oat feat they 
oftm were next door to cafe ofeer and wde 
together constantly. “I got up in the morn- 
ing and made him Iris tea," says Conlon. 

Let the policemen sue for bbd— if 
anything, fee film is soft bn than, the two 
Irishmen say. In Cordon’s autobiography, 
“Proved Innocent,” he says that fee in- 
quisitors’ favored method of pre ssure was 
to squeeze h is testides until he gave in. 
The film shows nothing like that. 

As for the charge that “In the Name of 
fee Father” » anti-British, - both director 
and subject object adamantly. On screen • 
Giuseppe Conlon pleads, *Tm not politi- 
cal,” and Jim Sheridan says spmefemg like 
it often. ; 

“To bdl wife all that,” fee director 
answers when asked about the Irish Re- 
publican dream of a united Ireland. 

“English people played such a funda- ■ 
men taf role m getting me out,” adds Con- 
loo. “How could I be part of a fihn that 
slurred then#” _ 

Qnnlnn that Sheridan’s film has 
captured fee emotional journey he made 
toward his father. He says he Urinks pos- 
tivdy of fee years he was deprived of iris 
Kbaty because they gave him the privilege 
of being wife his fafeer.*T got to know this 
phyricaOy weak man who was a giant in- 


Lennon Inducted Again 
To RockHaRof Fame 

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 
ceremony was bittersweet, as Pan! 
McCartney honored John Lennon,' 
his Beaties songwriting partner. 
McCartney said after fee presenta- 
ri on feat it would have been funny 
to see Lennon’s reaction to his in- 
duction. “John , would lave bean 
the guy in fee crowd heckling,” he. 
said. Lcamcri’s wife. Yoke One, . 
added: “And locked oat, maybe?! . ' 
Lennon was slain in 1980. His sons,; 
J u l ian and Sean, joined Ono assheL 
thanked fee crowdfot. fee honor 
Lennon’s Second induction Into the 
han.Ffis first was as a.membttof.: ; 
the B ea tles Other , new menfecra 
are thc ^fteW Oead. ^e Band, 
fee Animals, tJto* John, RatStew- 
art and Done Eddy. lkfe Mar lay ; 
also was infeimed. posthumously^ 

by Bona, of tbe band U2. Mariey 
feed of cancer in 1981. - •:'>> ■ 

■ •• •• - □ - -V*- 

:Tbe Danish coutmierfiftJIVfor- 

tmsen, wbo designs for the boiise 

of Jean- Louis Softener, and fee 
French designers DuBer Lecoanet 
aodHemaut Sager of LecqaiUf He- 
mant shared fee Dfe tTOir (Golden 
Thimble), fee prestigious. : high- 
fasftkm award. A special ihzmbfe " 
went to the: coiffeur AJesarifte. . ’ 

n 'vV--/:-' 

Kail Lagerfeld apologized to 
Muslims ouThursday and efinrinat- 
ed from his new Chanel coBecticn a 
low-cut dress printed wife apassage 
from fee Koran. Clerics in Indone- 
sia had called fora boycott of Cha- 
nel-after fee supexmodd QsnBa 
Sdrfffer stratted the bu stier dress 
-with the Arabic writings Lagerfeld. 
saMlw was “tenibfy sorry” but feat 
he didn't know the passage was.: 
from fee MnsKm holy book. “I was - 
told it was a kwpoem in: memory 
erf a maharau,” he said. 

Four weeks after announcing 
feat its landinark Frank Lloyd 
Wright building would be named in 
honor of the developer Samuel Le- 
JPIrak and his wife, fifed, fee donors 
of S10 minion; fee Solomon Gug- 
genheim Museum in New York 
said it had received- another gift of 
S10 million, from fee financier 
Ronald Perdmsn. 



■ Appeon on. Pages 4,8& 17 






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Forecast for Saturday through Monday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 

North America 

A January thaw will reach 
lha Northeast Itita weekend 
with above-freezing temper- 
atures from Washington. 
D.C.. to Boston by Saturday 
altemoon. Welcome raki wfl 
spread inlo San Francisco 
and Portland. Oregon. Satur- 
day and Sunday. Bitterly 
cold air win remain locked 
arer central Canada. 


H 101 winds wil sweep over 
Scotland and southern Sean- 
cfriavla this weekend. Heavy 
rains will accompany the 
gusty winds horn Scotland to 
southw e stern Norway. Lon- 
don through Paris win be 
windy with a few showers 
each day. Heavy rains wifi 
be confined to the aouth- 
cantfal Metfienanean See. 


Very cold weather over nasr 
ern China Saturday will 
begin to moderate early n*nt 
week. Hong Kong and Taper 
will have cloudy, chilly 
weather Ms weekend with a 
bet rfl tigni ram and dnzzle 
Snow and snow squaDs will 
pound northwestern Japan, 
mciudng the 5apporo area. 








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Middle East 

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avsnow, Hce, W W e a ft C r AM map*, forec — 1» end data provided by Accu-Weather, bic. : 1991 








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175 240 
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200 300 
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160 360 
















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Opan Var 
Open PwtV 
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Open var 
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Opan Pwdr 
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Opan Var 
Qsen Var 
Open Var 
Opan Var 
Open Var 

1/16 Uomtaaopon. tmooBant tkMno 

1/16 Hob mu open, good stilng 

1/17 AMbtsopan. «wco »anfconJBon« 

1/17 T)m> Mbcb bts open, gooa sUng 

1/17 Mm pares oicsHnr 

1/16 BtaeMant sktng 

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40130 Good Open 
10 75 Good Cpan 
20 65 Good Opan 
55 130 Good Opan 
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Mountobidda pistes, Raa. 

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