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Full text of "International Herald Tribune , 1994, France, English"

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/««S5S i 

published with the new vork t|MES*n» 

No. 34,496 



V J N 

Clinton Vows 
To Veto Any 
Health Plan 

of Union Address 

Challenges Congress 

rvrs+li Rminfmar ifffii 

By Arm Devroy 

Washington Post Soviet ' 

WASHINGTON — President Bill Omtoa 

used his Slate of iheUmonaddr^lo^y^wn 

» Kmad uneairivocal chaflengp to .Congress 
“dSf’o^Son.esoc — ng* 
Soo ray health care proposal m>1 

>ssr s & t j“ 

SSbcmite health care secunt? they haw 
• — j- anven to us.” - « - 

L . T1 •*.. 

w ; .*r- 


PF^ ^ lg^ISfafrefam. ERfrf™! 

lob training system and a range 
"mnid not be ignored this year. 

I A— -to 


have swept tte * DOt reserve these 

months, he said. FM^mral disasters, leaving 
better angels fights. 

0111 *^5 f*in* f«ns, 


lie initiatives, the 

aStegsasgs k 

SoT ‘^moving 

when he toon ■ ™ health care 

Mr. Dole defined dwpte® choice- 

^so«»l this way. °5!L nmm mment 

Paris Presses 

NATO Allies 
To Relieve 2 

Bosnia Towns 

France Insists It’s Time 
To Carry Out Decision, 
Using Force if Needed 

Bv Roger Cohen 

So Si 0 52 -*<« * Setbian 

troops, WunTHaremecL President ‘ 

In an unusually blunt m Minister 

Franqois Mitterrand and Pru^ NationSt 

Edouard BaUadur^d ^ ^ Nonh Atlantic 
which h^ the authoriQio aC acn) in the 

Treaty without delay gi« 

former A ugpslavu. ®V Tuz | 3 airport and 

Sf&s^to-not ^rentes ,n 

■saw NATOs caMor ^C «•<- 
these towns at a sutnmit Mr. 

earlier this month, Mr. . M^Sne Tor this 

conflict, but have led ^ ihe menace 

i to one side after areanfireJ two hhmt 

as tbe prince was waiting t° speat in Sydney on Wednesday . 

9Hie aner a «*«* __ -« 

Blanks at Prince Charte 

Compiled try Our ^ fired tWO 

JSSL SSTSa^S- at Prince Charles on 

Wednesday. „t,,rtn«d. saw the man ran toward 

™ L At 

calmly adjusted bis J“‘ k ^. bom lbeJ identified as David 
Tim police said <he ®m. wee «rinen the pnnee le® 1 

i5 » ^^ h r J s.S-s^s« i 9 f 

■ ^SJ^T^^CaDRisstt edmic Chinese, porn m ^ ^ __ 

4 t Post- CM War CIA, OoueenieAre 

"* * ... w-.-tBSt-atfSBii JiafeSSSSS—S 


By Tim Weiner 
New York Turns Service 



. , -m^uinv during testimony at a 
Woolsey said Tuesdayuu™ 1 ^ Committee 
public session of the beoaie 
on Intelligence. Central Intelligence 

Mr. Woolsey. »^ '^5“™ I1 f us i„f and 

Agency was trying to economy. He 

cot ? l f Un t^^woni^dSat looser fiscal 
said the aggney w as worn ^ ^ ^ 

that could l bring 

4£KjSo brink of destrucuve hyper- 

inflation." ^ and inflation destroys 

If that bnnk is crossed ™ ^ would be a 

Russian citizens the potiiical 

W£2?&* "■ 'W* ■ 

irying to achieve. 

JJff KoS-ic mismanagement and 

political dnTt. nonexistent." be said. 

“Reform h^ become a way of life. 

-Energy ^“^JJnLSbw was 90 percent. 

Ukraine's citizens are living 

Staf*?PO«*> political crisis provemeTtls in 

jtsssSSSafe feawggSass 

- -T-issMsasi: sesaBSg-—"-*- 

reunification wttn Rusaa WOOLSEY, Page 4 

nuclear weapons, W die top 

recent dasstTwd ^gySSf months. Mr- 
of the agency s agenda ^ Commu- 

saggSSs bsj 

Ol lUUlUW T 

diplomaiic — 


its resp°ns»b*u^ the s ^ ng w ^ the 
must work Tor pace y concessions. 

^rents to rajkc ite »^2d comntumty 
IX'u^^rsc end closely coowh- 
nates its efforts ' clearly reflected 


agree on a e ‘ifniiod States to apply 



increasiiig domestic prj^ * ^ ^00 of its 

STiE. 5 “5 uSted Nations 
u^ops m Bostuaas Pi" has the larjest Sin- 
peacekeeping [ OI ^\ h I|pJ^h soldieis have 
^ nUn8 Ss^ US «nior members 
SfijBSWil- party said die troops 

should be withdrawn. p,^ 

“We must ^"iJSSndddrf de- 

Lellouche, a Gai ^ 1 cellist leader, Jacques 
fcDW tdvucf to «he GauU^J« ^ ^ ^ 

sas-«» 2 S«-" 

N K^LS^dni S cnt consul- 

See BOSNIA, Page 4 

Soaks Soi 

Bv Michael Richardson 

SI NGAPOKE - W^^^ays 

ssSSs=n^,2^«sSS S5B5SSSS5s 

!Sas 3 sfi=ss£i 5 

sp ® d ^^^sy life and a get-ruh-fast tfie r a dedinc of nearly -'P"“ Although he said 


mania that almost doubled Strasbourg m wbkh he appear 

See RICH. P*S^ d - 

Brandt Haunts 

By Craig R-Wh|wey 

V York Times Semce 

Helmut Kohl’s Christian the stepdaughter MJ- 

mT second wile, ere tatdn.8 - whnl 

y call “the war <* th' ”“^1, ^ chancellor s s, 

f. p 5Q00 1, 

Egypt — e ' , jd South Afnw^-ftd 

jordcm-*->-*Tu -150 uAE- ..••A50Dirtt 
Kanya-- |C ^Jp, te u^wiiUEurOSTTO 
hfiiwan. — f rr^ 

Approval Near 

On Start-Up Aid 
For Palestinians 

Bv Alan Friedman 

IiuerruUiunat HeraU Tribune 

1 j: n . Western donor nauons 

«fS 2 - S-S 55 E 515 

SS 5 TSS 512 »^-** 

cussions discussed on Thursday and 

The issue will be discus«« ^ ^ ^ 

Friday at a m«tmg^ ^ designated 

SSSSJlft-** - “ d for 
fc JS^SSSk- 5 - £SS 1 £ 

JScsfsolSl 0' sren-up ntonc^^;^. 
ofuicsi^j *570 million of emergency 

125 £ 3 f£ 85 «- p'c^o R- 

agreed lo an p, ve years of invest- 

deS, f^ttew 2 I SS* and the Gaza Strip. 

^ & SS meeting comes amid 
spSdaS that Israel and PaksumtmLtb 
cration 0r «P^^ t ! £ a S'ilfc thafSd 

htadttj nweh ■ “ . ^ first phase ol 

au sr^ c ssrSe StS?--**- 

S^Tlsrash Amty will reunn to protect 

' J tSi.hS 5 S*— «-» X— 

w a u Ite PLO chainnan. said the negouaims 
JSe uying to Finish their work in ume for the 
ioint appearance at the world economic confer- 
mkc in Davos, Switzerland, on Sunday of Mr. 

S Shimon Peres, the Israeh fora^ 
jSSIeTSut Mr. Peres, who fueled hopes last 
USfend with an opiimisuc statement, on 
SSnesday tried w dampen operations be- 
fore the Davos meeting by sayraj, 1 would cot 
pul all my fortunes in one weekend. 

The World Bank has called the Pm« meetog 

so that donor nations can examme for tbefirst 
SnTa detailed Une 4 tem budget prepared by 
See PALESTINE, Page 4 

•:J . .... .. 


Page 2 



Near Deal 
With IMF 

By Caiyle Murphy 

tViUhmgicn Post Semce 

ALGIERS — After hesitating 
fora year, the Algerian government 
has decided to accept a stringent 
accord with the International Mon- 
etary Fund to help it deal mth an 
Islamic insurgency that is growing 
in support from Algerians hil by 
economic deprivation. 

The country's economic troubles 
include 22 percent inflation and at 
least 22 percent unemployment, 
helping provide a ready pool of 
recruits for the extremists. Bakeries 
are short of ingredients, doctors 
cannot get medicine, and hundreds 
of factories run at less than 50 per- 
cent capacity for lack of materials. 

Algeria could earn $8.3 billion 
this year from oil and natural gas 
sales — but only if the 1994 price of 
oil rounds out at S15 a barreL It is 
due, however, to pay $93 billion on 
its S27 billion external debt. Thai 
leaves nothing for the $10 billion 
officials say they need to revive an 
economy headed for collapse. 

An accord with the IMF will 
mean tough austerity measures, 
adding more hardship and possibly 
social unrest to an already volatile 
political situation. Bui it could also 
bring Algeria debt relief from its 
international creditors and allow it 
to pump money into an economy 
that had a growth rate or minus 1 
percent last year. 

The man pulling the oars on Al- 
geria's economic lifeboat is Eco- 
nomics Minister Mourad Bau- 
ch enhou, who earned a doctorate in 
economics in France, studied man- 
agement at the University of Mary- 
land, was an executive director of 
the World Bank from 1982 to 1990, 
and has worked in Algeria’s gov- 
ernment for 37 years. 

“Very’ frankly. we don't see any 
other way out” than an accord with 
the IMF. he said. “The other way is 
more inflation and a total collapse 
of the economic apparatus." 

But given Algeria’s political cri- 
sis — with Muslim fundamentalists 
trying to oust the military-backed 
secular government and form an 
Islamic state — how does he think 
these reforms can be sold to the 

Mr. Benachenhou said he Fdl 
that "we can arrive at having, if not 
its support, at least understand- 

It would be "painful, difficult 
and cosily." he said, “but if they 
don’t accept it, they wifi bear the - 
cost: more inflation, more lack of 
food, more unemployment. I know 
it's not easy to explain it to peo- 

"We need, as a government." he 
said, "a very clear political process 
over the next three years" — some- 
thing Algeria at the moment does 
not have. 

Mr. Benachenhou said Algeria 
began preliminary lalis with the 
1 MF in September and would soon 
send a delegation to Washington to 
begin substantive negotiations. 
Armed with an IMF “standby" 
agreement, it can then try to obtain 
debt relief. 

Algeria, which imports at least 
60 percent of its food, will need all 
the help il can get. Every $1 drop in 
the selling price of oil means a $500 
million annual loss for the country, 
which gets 95 percent of its foreign 
revenue from oil and gas exports. 
Other exports bring in $300 million 
to S4Q0 million annually. 

Algeria's current 1994 budget 
projections are based on an annual 
average oil price of SIS a barrel, 
Mr. Benachenhou said. Last week. 
Algerian oil was selling for only 
S 14.50 in a world market projected 
to remain sluggish this year. 

■ A Change of Heart 

Abdelaziz Bouteflika had agreed 
to become Algeria’s next president 
but is no longer willing to take up 
the post. Reuters reported Wednes- 
day from Algiers, citing a senior 

National newspapers reported 
lieuika, a 

this week that Mr. Bout 
veteran of .Algeria's war of inde- 
pendence from France and foreign 
minister from 1963 to 1979. was 
likely to become presidenL 

But Abdelkader Bensaleh, 
spokesman for Algeria’s national 
conference on its political future, 
quoted Lhe conference chairman. 
Youcef Khali b. as say ing that Mr. 
Bouteflika had changed his mind. 

The conference was originally to 
endorse a new president to replace 
the army-backed five-man council 
that has ruled .Algeria since iis first 
multiparty elections were canceled 
in January 1992. The council is due 
to step down on Jan. 31. 

Extremist Threat 
linked to Accord 


By Steven Erlanger 

New York Tunes Service 

MOSCOW — At a time when serious 
questions are being raised about the 
course of Russian politics, a forma Com- 
munist Party bureaucrat who has beat 
prime minister for little more than a year is 
more often than not these days making 
decisions for President Boris N. Yeltsin- 

Still little known in the West, the offi- 
cial, Viktor S. Chernomyrdin, was chosen 
in December 1992 by Mr. Yeltsin to save 
as prime minister, when a hard-line revolt 
in parliament forced him to drop Yrgor T. 
Gaidar, who had been the architect of his 
economic reforms. 

Mr. Chernomyrdin, 55. was a compro- 
mise candidate — the classic "centrist” to 
substitute for the highly provocative Mr. 

It was widely assumed that Mr. Cherno- 
myrdin, who had run the Soviet natural 
gas monopoly and who was natural gas 
minister in the first cabinet under Mikhail 
S. Gorbachev in the mid-1980s, was 

thought to be someone whom Mr. Ydudn 
Id e 

could easily control. 

A year lata, however, it is Mr. Cherno- 
myrdin who is calling most of the shots. 
Mr. Yeltsin — after the shelling of the 
parliament in October, the parliamentary 
elections in December and a summit meet- 
ing with President Bill Clin too that ac- 
complished little for him — is said to have 
sunk into one of his post-crisis periods of 

lassitude, doing little and 

Mr. Gtemomyrdm, aware of the seed 
to meet Western insistence on economic 
change, promises that his new government 
win fight inflation and be wary of issuing 
too many cheap credits. 

But Mr. Chernomyrdin's background 
argues against such promises. The first 
decision he made when be became prime 
minister in December 1992 was to give 
large new subsidies to the energy sector. 

The second 1 was to institute price and 
profit controls on many basic items like 
bread, salt, tea, milk, meat and vodka. He 
was eventually prevailed upon to change 
his mind by Boris G. Fyodorov, whose 
reagnation as finance minister was accept- 
ed Wednesday. 

During his year as prime minister, Mr. 
Chernomyrdin has tried to balance the 
advocates of anti- inflation market econo- 
mists — the so-called reformers — and 
industrialists who have fought for easy 
credits and high employment even at the 
cost of dangerously rapid inflation. 

But he was clearly not very neutral. He 
indicated that he was not in sympathy 
with the reformers, regarding them as aca- 
demics with liule practical experience. 

T elling ly, within days of Mr. Cherno- 
myrdin's appointment, Mr. Yeltsin sur- 
prised everyone by cutting short a trip to 
Beijing, saying he had to return to keep 
“the core of the Gaidar government" from 
losing their portfolios. 

‘The master has to return to 
order,’* Mr. Yeltsin said then. But 
days, as Mr. Yeltsin’s authority wanes, 
rubbed away by the severe political battles 
of the last three years, Mr. Chernomyr- 
din's hour seems to have come. 

A burly man with a penchant for dou- 
ble-breasted suits and a strong dislike for 
publicity, Mr. Chernomyrdin, likes to see 
himself as a practitioner, a hard worker 
who rolls up his sleeves and values loyalty 
above any other virtue. 

He has never made a secret of his dislike 
for Mr. Gaidar’s policies. In one speech to 
managers of defense plants in SL Peters- 
burg. during the period before the April 
1993 rtf erendum about Mr. Yeltsin's per- 
formance as president, Mr. Oterrtomyrdm 

1 collectivization of peasants i 
the Stalin era. 

More reveafingly, be said Russia still 
needed Gosplan — the old State Planning 
Committee that controlled the formerly 
centralized economy — “but in a slightly 
different Form." 

He also said, “The government is not 
going to be a pale shallow of the presi- 

lf Mr. CTicrDornyrdin was preparing 
himself for Mr. Yeltsin to do badly in the 
April referendum, be was overly hasty, 
and quickly reasserted his loyalty to the 

And part of Mr. Yeltsin's loyalty to him 
now stems from Mr. Chernomyrdin's ac- 
tive support for the president m his con- 
flict with the holdover Soviet-era parlia- 
ment last summer and fall. Mr. 
Chernomyrdin attacked efforts to im- 
peach Mr. Yeltsin, and be swung regional 
leaders into line. 

But another indication of his real con- 
victions was bis agreement this summer 
with the central bank chairman, Viktor V. 
Gerashchenko, to confiscate aD Soviet 
bank notes, causing panic and driving up 
inflation as older notes came pouring into 
Russia from former Soviet republics. 

Now, after the success of Communists 
and extreme nationalists in the December 
parliamentary vote, Me. Cheraarnyrdin 
represents a reliable figure for the coun- 
try's real power structure — the directors 
of large state or newly privatized enter- 
prises and collective farms, and the bu- 
reaucratic bosses who continue to run the 
country and who regard Moscow as one 
big trough of credits and favors. 

“For now, Chernomyrdin is an excep- 
tionally convenient figure for Yeltsin," an 
article in Novoye Vremya said. “He per- 
sonifies rhe rejection of both left-wing and 

right-wing radicalism. There is a powerful 
ou and gas lobby behind him. Above alL 
he is a strong figure to stay with his presi- 
dent in a critical moment. For these rea- 
sons, Yeltsin has done aD he can not to 
foul his own not.". 

Zhirinovsky Book 
Triggers Criminal 
Case Against Him 

Agettor Fnmcc-Pressv . . 

MOSCOW — The Russian pros- 
ecutor’s office said Wednesday it 
had opened a cantina! case against 
lhe ul tranaii onalist leader Vladimir 
V. Zhirinovsky for spreading war 
propaganda, the Itar-Tass press 
agency repotted. 

The charge relates to a book of 
Mr. Zhirinovsky's, published bc- 
‘ fore he was elected to pariiameurin 

A conviction for the offense car- 
ries a sentence of three to eight 
years in prison under article 71 of 
the penal code. 

The office said it had instigated 
criminal proceedings after receiv- 
ing a tetter from Kronid Lyu- 

barsky, deputy ^editor of the Mos- 

Mr. Zhirinovsky, left with 

cow weekly Novoye Vremya, 
complaining about Mr. Zhirin- 
ovsky’s book, “A Last Push for the 
South.” The letter asserted the 
book contained “open calls to 

As a member erf parliament, Mr. 
Zhirinovsky has immunity, but Mr. 
Lyubarsky said he believed aprose- 

cution would be valid because the 

wnwteMiMoiwita*n book was published before Mr. 
Gerhard Frey, leader of the radical-right German People’s Union Party, in Moscow on Wednesday. Zhirinovsky was ejected. 

Fyodorov’s Parting Shot: Economic Chaos Looms in Russia 

iVtw V, v* Times Vernier 

MOSCOW — With a last rhetorical 
Mast against “an economic coup,” the fi- 
nance minister of Russia. Boris G. Fyo- 
dorov, rejected the entreaties of President- 
Bans N. Yeltsin and said Wednesday he 
would not remain in the current govern- 

a. softer, subsidized transition to a free 

(Mr. Chernomyrdin named an econo- 
Dubinin, as acting finance 

mist. Sergei 
minister Wednesday, Age ace France- 
Presse reported. Mr. Dubinin was previ- 
ously a deputy finance minister charged 
with legal and insurance issues.] 

Mr. Fyodorov predicted economic di- 

saster. social explosions and Ukrainian- 
5tyle hyperinflation as a. consequence of 
the policies of Prime Minister Viktor S. 
Chernomyrdin and his cabinet, dominated 
by Soviet-era managers who favor a slow- 

Mr. Fyodorov offered his resignation — 
— directh 

his third attempt this week —directly to 
Mr. Yeltsin, whom he bad been having 
difficulty getting in to see. The move ap- 
parently ends a struggle over the direction 
of economic policy. 

In a statement issued after his morning 

meeting with Mr. Yeltsin, Mr. Fyodorov 
said he could not continue to work with 
“ideological enemies" in the cabinet who 
sought to undermine financial stability 
and reform. 

Mr. Fyodorov said the new govern- 
ment’s policies would not only ensure hy- 
perinflation, but also would reduce real 
mcomes and devalue savings, create short- 
ages of consumer goods, trigger further 
capita] flight, isolate Russia from world 
markets and further degrade the ruble 
against other currencies. 

Mr. Fyodorov appealed in strong terms 
to Mr. Yeltsin to stop a reversal of eco- 

. incompetent ideology” 

Idea of whitt macroeconomics is all 

“It is inadmissable," Mr. Fyodorov 
said, “that people who have inflicted co- 
lossal economic and political damage on 
the state, who are resolute and open ootot 
nents of the course of reforms, keep their 
posts in the government." 

He said the fate of the country was 
being determined “in these boura,” and 
that economics could not be separated 
from politics. —STEVEN ERLANGER 



JUUUIXVCOVO • r . .. . - 

BONN fReuiers) -—Germany grants the Grated Nations to decide this 
year to give it a nonpennaneol seat on the Security Gotmcfl, Foreign 
Minister Hans Kinkd said Wednesday. - , 

Mr. Kinkd said Germany was seeking a naapennanent beamty,- 

rratfflPHfs * ■ 

stressed that Bonn ifid not to ampsign toj^ fa the seat and. 
woald puisne it “in a quiet, relaxed but determined manner. _ . - 

“Of Se we want this within the fra^w^c<rf 
coundL" Mr. Kinkd said. “Its cunentcomposTOmstenKfroiii the enaor 
World War H and does not reflect 

five permanent members with veto powers — the United States, Britain, 
France, Ounaand Russia, successor to the Soviet Union —and 10 seau 
that rotate among the other UN members. 


KIEV (Reuters) —The Untied States, Russia and Britratlaye agreed 
to sign a documaUprcrviding security 

adheres to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, Ukraine s senior. anus 
ne go tiator said Wednesday. v _ ; • • .. • 

.The official. Deputy Foreign Minister Boos TarasyufciSatd ote agre©-_ 
meat was based on one signed Wi •*' t ncrame. Russia and 

in Kiev is considering that accord. 

Political Hand Seen in Loans to Iraq 

t wider policy to channel aid to Baghdad during die Iran- Iraq ««. 

A reriHt fTWi ih^ rranrmyiiinn^ trim* invfcsriff3tcd mPTC thgl $4 billion 
in loans to Iraq made by the bank’s Atlanta branch, said that the Mafias 
and U.S. governments mist have known what was going on. ^ - 

“The mechanisms were evidently pat of a pobncal design. UieBNL 
Atlanta Commission said in the prefimmanp draft of Ms report, whkfe will 
be reviewed next month. “That the political directum of the whole 

I in Washing 

operation was always firmly based in Washington is evident." 

King Hussein Ready to Meet Rabin 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — King Hussdn of Jordan said Wednes- 
day that he hoped to openly meet with- Israel’s prime minister, Yitzhak* 
Rabin, “before too long," arid said sudi a meeting could take place before 
full Middle East peace was established. 

K mg Hussein is widety believed to have met repeatedly with a stnoes* 
skm of Israeli leaders, but never in pubBc because many Mudimfonda- 
meutafists and others in Jordan oppose peace with Israel - - 

y 1-,- 


Bomb Fears Disrupt 2 Spanish Cities 

MADRID (Renters) —Bombs and bombwantingsbrraigfei chaos and 
line northern f 

. alarm tn Madrid and the northern Spanish dry of P&mpfona onWedncs- 
day, on the eve of a 24-hour general strike against gov&nment economic' 
policy- The police said rate person was hurt in snlfostzfoiirmPampkm. 
m the morning and .two at midday in government offices in the capital 
Earlier, another bomb warning caused evacuation of the offices of one 
of Spam's major unions, the workers Goaumsskxis. white the union 
executive was finalrong plans for Thursday’s strike. Nothing was found. 
The commissions and the General Workers Unhin are hoping to bring tire 
country to a halt with Thursday’s strike to protest labor market changes 
introduced by the Soriabst government. 

- Rnssan aviation, authorities hope to Eft restrictions cm international 
flights over the Far East by the end of next month, the Russian Air 
Control Service said Wednesday. Limits were imposed after a dose call 
between two.. Western Boeing- 747s m Novem b er after an enter by * 
Russian air controller. (Raders) 

Aa electronic anti-toff bicycle dan activated when cydists punch in a 
personal number is to be tested in me Netherlands, its inventor said. 
Users of the Cydeguard most key in a secret FIN code to lock- up or 
release their bikes from a three-meter fran»,vritiie^kximgdanqps, 
that is fixed to the pavement, said. Retervm de Vater at the Rotterdam 
firm Compete. CycbstswiB be charged a guilder (50 cents) each time they 
use one, the first of i® kind in the-Ncth^lands. , (Reuters) 

US. citizens andT those frott 11 oflserwijBrtifcs-irBP fxsngaflswed to 
enter Taiwan without a visa for up to five days. Americans and travelers 
from Australia, Austria,. Brighum Britain. Canada. France, Germany, 
Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and New. Zealand must -hold a 
passport valid for at kart six months. . . (IVY?). 

A new feny temrihal has opened on Macao, the Rartugnese territory 40 
mites (about 65 kilometers) from Hong Kong. It is equipped for higb- 
speed femes, jetfofls and catamarans and has a heliport for sendee by 
East Asia Airtines* which has flights between Macao and Hong Kong in 

addition to Canton and Sfaenzen in China. (NYty 

EuropeY loosest rafl and highway bridge was completed Wednesday 
when the 6^euometg(4-nfle) link between toe Da n i s h is tan dsFyn ana 
Sprogo was finished. The span constitutes one-thinJ of the planned 
bridge and tunnel fink over Denmark's Great Belt strait. Two other 
sections of the 18-kfiometer connection are under construction^ to join 
Fyn to the island of Sjaelland, where Copenhagen is situated. (AP) 



i \ 



r - ‘ 

France’s Top Communist Goes Out, 
Marching Alone to His Own Drum 

By William Drozdiak 

Washington Past Service 

PARIS — The French Commu- 
nist leader Georges Marchais bade 
farewell io his comrades Wednes- 
day, chastened by the party’s dra- 
matic decline during his 22-year 
stewardship but unrepentant for an 
intolerance for dissent that drove 
away many loyalists. 

At a party congress in the work- 
ing class suburb of SL Ouen. Mr. 
Marchais appealed to 1-500 dele- 
gates to build on his legacy by cre- 
ating a “new kind of party that 
would not be less communist, but 
better.” The road to social democ- 
racy followed by Italian and other 
European Communists, he warned, 
would lead them all to moral bank- 

Bui the lukewarm applause and 
passive inattention of nis audience 
suggested that Mr. March ais may 
quickly become a relic of the pasL 

The 28th French Communist 
congress is set to renounce his cher- 
ished principle of “democratic cen- 
tralism," which ruled out any plu- 
ralism within the parry. And his 
successor, to be chosen from 
among a half-dozen candidates on 
Saturday, seems likely to to mod- 

ernize the party in a way that may 
soon banish Mr. Marchrus's legacy. 

A former metalworker whose 
bushy eyebrows and boisterous 
temperament helped make him a 
fixture of the French political land- 
scape. Mr. Marchais saw his party’s 
share of the vote plummet rrom 
over 20 percent in the 1970's to 
barely 9 percent in lhe national 
elections in March that elected a 
conservative government by an 
overwhelming majority. 

After being the country's laigesi 
political party after the war — 
when it played a key role in resist- 
ing the Nazis — the Communists 
now occupy only 23 of the 577 seats 
in the National Assembly. 

A favorite of Leonid I. Brezhnev, 
a former Soviet leader, Mr. Mar- 
chais remained steadfastly loyal to 
Moscow's leadership during the 
years when other European Com- 
munist parties sought to enhance 
their appeal with voters by embrac- 
ing democratic methods and mo- 
derating their policies. He en- 
dorsed the Soviet invasion of 
Afghanistan in 1979* 

Mr. Marchais’s dogmatic style 
enraged and frustrated other mem- 
bers of the French Communist hi- 

erarchy, driving longtime support- 
ers such as his former spokesman, 
Pierre Juquin. to break with the 
party. Other dissemers tried to re-., 
main inside the party with the in- 
tention of reforming it, but Mr. 
Marchais invariably found ways io 
quash their voices. 

As the party steadily slipped in 
voter strength. Mr. Marcbais's au- 
thority came under increasing Tire. 
He was nearly dumped at a Central 
Committee meeting 10 years ago 
but called off the debate before a 
vote could be held, saying that pa- 
triotism required all members to 
watch a crucial soccer match be- 
tween France and Spain. 

In 1981. Mr. Marchais accepted 
President Francois Mitterrand's of- 
fer for the Communists to take part 
in France's newly elected leftist 
government. It runted oat to be a 
massive political blunder. The 
Communists plunged in popularity 
as they shared the blame for the 
government’s disastrous economic 

Mr. Marchais later acknowl- 
edged that he had committed a ter- 
rible mistake by linking his party 
with the Socialists, and within three 
years they left the government. 

He Can Visit 
Jerusalem Sites 


The prime minister of Israel, 
Yitzhak Rabin, said Wednes- 
day that Israel would grant 
safe passage to the leader of 
Libya, Colonel Moammar 
Gadhafi, if he wanted to visit 
Islamic holy sites in Jerusalem. 

Although Libya is a hard- 
line foe of Israel. Mr. Rabin 
told the Council of Europe's 
p arliam entary assembly that 
Jerusalem should alW unim- 
peded access for all viators to 
Islamic and Christian holy 

But Mr. Rabin restated Is- 
rael's intention to keep the- 
whole of Jerusalem as its capi- 
tal The Israeli leader was an- 
swering questions here from 
council members about the fu- 
ture status of Jerusalem. 

Tycoon, Now in Politics, Says Italy 
Needs to Oust 'Men Tied to Failure' 

One of the Communist minis- 
ters, Anicet Le Pors, wryly ob- 
served that (he experience with the 
Socialists proved that Mr. Mar- 
chais was a man of “positive in- 
stincts and disastrous initiatives." 

By Alan Cowell 

New Turk Tima Service 

ROME — After weeks of coy 
asides and teasing hints, Sdyio Ber- 
lusconi, the Italian media magnate, 
soccer dub owner and millionaire, 
announced Wednesday night that 
he was entering politics to save the 
land from “men tied to past politi- 
cal and economic failure." 

Mr. Berlusconi used his own tele- 
vision network to say that be would 
lead a new, center-right grouping 
— known by the soccer-chant 
Forza Italia, or Go Italy — in elec- 
tions on March 27-28. 

The tycoon did not make it clear 
if he would run in the March elec- 
tion or simply use his influence and 
his party to support other candi- 

Mr. Berlusconi's announcement 
added cate more personality to the 
array of acofascists, former Com- 
munists, centrists, reformists and 
environmentalists hoping for a 
slice of power when Italians vote to 
replace a political old guard dis- 
graced by almost two years of cor- 
ruption scandals. 

“I have decided to enter the fray 
of public affairs," Mr. Berlusconi 
said, “because I do not want to five 

m an unfree country governed by 
immature forces and by men tied to 
past political and economic fail- 

Mr Berlusconi, 57, a self-made 
mfllionaire, has made his living var- 

iously as a night dub singer, prop- 

erty tycoon and media 
Some Italian analysts have com- 
pared his political ambitions and 
image as a rich maverick to those of 
Ross Perot in the United Slates, 
white others have said his ftee-mar- 
ket economic jmficies derive more 
from Ronald Reagan. 

_ Mr. Berlusconi said he would re- 
sign his position as head of his 
heavily indebted Fimcvest gfoujj 

my effort into a battle in which I 
believe with absolute conviction 
and the greatest resolve." 

Fininvest controls, among other 
things, three of Italy’s eight nation- 
al television stations, the Milan 
daily newspaper Giomale and a 
weekly magazine, L'Espresso. . ; 

Hts adversaries, most notably 
the former Communist Democratic 
Party of the Left, have cried foul 
over his political ambitions because 
they fear he will use hi* media net- 
work to influence voters. 

He said he wookl work “with afl 
liberal and democratic forces, that 
fed a civil duty to offer the country 
a credible alternative to a govern- 
ment of the Irft and the Commu- 

Many recent opinion surveys 
- have forecast (hat leftist-backed al- 
liances would win some 40 percent 
of the vote in the March election, 
widely viewed here as a turning 
. point in postwar Italian history. af- 
ter decades of government by the 
now-discreditcd Christian 'Demo- 
crats and their allies. 

“The old political class has been 
crushed by events and overtaken by 
the times," said Mr. Berlusconi, 

who has so far avoided direct impli- 
cation in the corruption that has 
disgraced the onetime political mid 
business elite. 

Since February 1992, more than 
3,000 businessmen and politicians 
have cook under investigation, in 
cases involving bribes for official 
contracts. One of diem is Mr. Ber- 
InsoooTs younger brother, Pado, 
who is under investigation for par- 
ponedfy illegal financing of politi- 
cal parties. Three other senior Fin- 
invest executives have also been 

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Page 3 


’£. "j&a. fe?/- £ 


Green Li 
On Patriot 
For Seoul 

Ctovtkdkr Ovr Staff from Dupmdia 

Stales will send Patriot anti-missile 
batteries to Sooth .Korea for pro- 
tection against a surprise attack 

from North Korea, Undersecretary 
of Defense Frank G. Wisner said 

The delivery schedule and the 
number of Patriots to be to 
South Korea have not been deter- 
mined, said Mr. Wisner, the No. 3 
official at the Pentagon. 

He said the United States was 
proceeding with the deployment at 
the request of General Gary E 
buck, commander of U.S. form in 
Sooth Korea. 

Mr. Wisner’s comments fol- 
lowed a New York Tunes report 
that deployment of the missiles had 
been under discussion between 
Washington and Seoul and that 
President Bill Clinton was Beefy to 
approve the move. 

“General Luck has come back 
and asked for it now, and we will 
proceed with the deployment,” Mr. 
Wisner said at a meeting with mifi- 
tary affairs correspondents. 

The move will be made as part of 
“sensible, rational defense prepara- 
tions" in the event that North Ko- 
rea would launch a Scud missile 
attack on South Korea, Mr. Wisner 
said. He said other defensive mea- 
sures would be considered if the 
United States and its allies decided 
to seek United Nations economic 
sanctions against North Korea. 

North Korea has said it would 
suspend the armistice oa the Kore- 
an Peninsula if the United States 
pushed for sanctions. 

Mr. Wisner said the deployment 
of the ntissiles should not be seen as 
a threat against Pyongyang. The 
Patriot, he said, is a defensive sys- 

In Seoul, Depoty Foreign Minis- 
ter Hong Soon' Young said 
Wednesday that “the threat .of 
North Korean missiles is very 

Referring to the Patriot missiles, 
he said, we hope that the deploy- 
ment will enhance Korea-U.S. de- 
fense capability.” 

In another sign of dwindling 
U.S. patience, a senior administra- 
tion official warned Tuesday that 
the United Stales was nearly cer- 
tain to seek Urn ted Nations sanc- 
tions if North Korea does not 
quickly reach an agreement with 
the International Atomic < Energy - 
Agency. •• : " 

North Korea is negotiating with 
the agency over carrying orn an 
agreement it reached with Ameri- 
can officials last month to allow 
inspections of its nuclear plants. 
The inspections are intended to de- 
termine whether North Korea is 
developing nuclear weapons. 

Most Clinton administration of- 
ficials and American legislators 
consider the dispute Mr. Clinton's 
most voting foreign poHcy prob- 
lem. The president barely ad- 
dressed the impasse in his State of 
the Union address on Tuesday. 
“We are working to achieve a Kore- 
an peninsula free of nuclear weap- 
ons,” he said. (Reuters, AP) 

Ma GjpsThr Atfoaaid Pi*» 

A school 1ms passing a quake-damaged waB in Los Angeles as most area schools reopened for classes. 

3.8 Aftershock Jolts Los Angeles , 
'We’re Out of Here, 9 One Victim Says 

The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — Cafifomians 
recovering from last week’s earth- 
quake were jolted from their sleep 
early Wednesday mooting as an- 
other aftershock shook the San 

Fernando. Valley. 

- The new tremor, at 4:28 AM-, 
measured 3.8 on the Richter scale. 
The area has undergone more than 
L500 aftershocks since the Jan. 17 
quake, which had a 6.6 magnitude 
and claimed 61 lives. 

A short time after Wednesday's 
tremor, a car drove around a set of 
barricades and plunged 40 feet (12 
meters) off a quake-damaged sec- 
tion of Interstate 10. also known as 
the Santa Monica Freeway. The 
driver suffered leg injuries. 

At the Norton dge Meadows 
apartment complex where 16 peo- 
ple died, dozens of tenants were 
escorted into what remained of the 
coHapsed torec-stray building to 
recover their belongings. 

...... .. percentage of the county's- 9.4 rail- 

r ; over population — bring in shelters 

tid Alan FUch peenng or ou ,<£ore. 

Tbe tenants had IS minutes to 
pick up what they could. Others 
wrote out lists for fire fighters, who 
salvaged clothing, microwaves and 
stuffed animals among other 

. .“There 
floors,” said 
into his apartment. “There's a little 
valley where you can walk between 
all the link taiickfcnacks that fell 
off the walls.” 

Mr. Filch planned to start over 
again nearby. But a neighbor. 
Saadi von Holden-Bitton. said she 
was beaded for Israel. “That was 
my first and last earthquake," she 
said. “We’re out of here.” 

She ism the minority, according 
to a poll in the Wednesday editions 
of the Los Angeles Times. 

Three percent of those polled 
said they would move out of the 
area because of tbe quake. In tbe 
hardest-hit sections, 4 percent said 
they would leave. One in four said 

the quake was tbe worst experience 
of their life. 

The telephone poll of 1.1 16 Los 
Angeles County adults did not in- 
clude the 13,000 people — a small 

. Some blacks worried they might 
get short shrift when government 
help was given, so they invited 
Housing Secretary Henry G. Cisne- 
ros and James Lee Witu director of 
tbe Federal Emergency Manage- 
ment Agency, to meet with them. 

The session cleared up worri- 
some questions for James and Val- 
erie Rogers, who sere run out of 
their Granada Hills apartment by 
the quake. “1 was slightly confused 
before we came about how we go 
about getting assistance." Mr. Rog- 
ers said. “We're racing a seven- 
and-a-baJf-monih pregnancy 



WASHINGTON — As President Bill 
ribiton makes tentative moves toward lifting 
the trade embargo on Vietnam, a fight has 
broken out on Capitol H21 over the poStical- 
ty sensitive issue, with same Republicans pro- ! 
p osin g to create strict conditions before the 
embargo can be removed. 

Senator Robert C Smith. Republican of 
New Hampshire, says be is Hedy to introduce 
a measure designed to force Mr. CBntpa to 
maintain the embargo by setting conoitiaas 
on Vietnam that are considerably stricter 
than those set forth by the president.. 

Opponents of the embargo fear that Mr. 
Smith's amendment could pass because it. 
includes several conditions that could be po- 
litically difficult to oppose. 

Seeking to defuse Mr. Smith's measure, 
Senator John F. Kerry, Democrat of Massa- 
chusetts, announced Tuesday that he' bo- 
Ucved that it was time to lift the embargo. He 
said, following a visit to Vietnam, that Hanoi 
had gone to great lengths to cooperate do 
accounting for the missing Americans. 

Mr Kerry, a Vietnam veteran who was 
chairman of tbe Senate Select Committee on 
P0W-M1A Affairs, becomes one of more 

than a dozen senators who favor lifting the 
e mbar go, 'many of whom argue that it is 
burring, the UJ>. economy more than Viet- 
nam's. ■ 

Under Mr. Smith's measure, the president 
could lift the embargo only after be deter- 
mined that Vietnam had resolved as fully as 
possible cases involving prisoners of war and 
servicemen missing in action where U.S. m- 
tefligeace indicates Hanoi has additional in- 

Legislators who support lifting the embar- 
go said it might be barn for many lawmakers 
to oppose Mr. Smith's amendment because it 
appears sensible to demand that Hanoi pro- 
vide the fullest possible accounting. 


Special Counsel Qoo OihMte 

LITTLE ROCK, Arkansas — Robert 
Hike, the special counsel appointed to inves- 
tigate President Clinton's business dealings 
in Arkansas in the 1980s, has made a quick 
to (he state as part of his inquiry. 
Ftske, a former federal prosecutor, 
arrived in Juittle Rode on Tuesday morning 
and boarded a plane for New York City, 
where be lives, less than eight hours later. He 
spent most of bis time at tbe FBI's Little 

Rock headquarters, where sources said he 
’ met and briefed several agents expected to 
assist him in the probe. 

Mr. fiske. a Republican who has said be 
planned to question Mr. Clinton and his wife, 
Hfllaiy Rodham CKnton, under oath, would 
not estimate how long the so-called 
Whitewater investigation might take. 


Quote / Unquote 

Bob Dole of Kansas, the Senate Republi- 
can leader: “Our country has health care 
problems, but not a health care crisis. Bui we 
will have a crisis if we lake the president's- 
medicine — a massive overdose of govern- 
ment control ” MPJ 

President Clinton: ‘1 know there are peo- 
ple here who say there’s no health care crisis. 
Tefl it to the 58 million Americans who have 
no coverage at all for some time each year. 
Tell it to the 81 million Americans with those 
pre-existing conditions- Those folks are pay- 
ing more or they can’t get insurance at all, or 
they can’t ever change then- jobs because they 
or someone in thdr family has one of those 
pre-existing conditions. Tell it to the small 
businesses burdened by skyrocketing costs of 
insurance.” fSYT) 

Lawsuit Cools Off Once-Sizzling Jackson 

By Bernard Weinraub 

Xn» York Tons Sen: ce 

LOS ANGELES — Advisers to Michael 
lackson acknowledge that the entertainer's ca- 
reer has been seriously hurt by the sexual mo- 
lestation claims of an adolescent bos. 

Mr. Jackson. 35. has agreed to pay what has 
been reported to be millions of dollars to settle 
the claims, ending a civil lawsuit in the ease. 

The suit forced the premature cancellation of 
Mr. Jackson's concert tour in November and 
ended his relationship with Pepsico. which Mr. 
Jackson represented in television advertise- 
ments. Prospects for new product endorse- 
ment* appear out of the question for the mo- 

The suit has also effectively stopped his film 
career before it started. His plans for concert 
tours and videos are on hold. 

The harm to Mr. Jackson will be especially 
marked in the United State*. “Overseas, this is 
less important than domestically.” said advisers 
to tbe singer. “The impact on his career outside 
the U.S. triO be minimal. In ibe U.S„ it's very- 
bad. It w31 diminish his reputation, his stat- 

Mr. Jackson has denied any uroogdotog in 
the case, in which the boy. who was 13 at the 
time, accused the singer of molesting him over a 
period of five months. 

During tbai time the boy has said, Mr. 
Jackson frequently bathed with him. shared a 
bed with him and showered him with gifts and 
trips. The boy said Mr. Jackson fondled him 
and performed various sex acts with him. 

The civil suit (Lied in September claimed Mr. 
Jackson committed sexual battery, seduction, 
willful misconduct intentional 'infliction of 
emotional distress, fraud and negligence in a 
campaign to entice the boy. 

Lawyers for both sides declined to discuss 
the details of the out-of-court settlement- Bui a 
friend of Mr. Jackson estimated that the figure 
could exceed Sid million. 

A separate criminal investigation will contin- 
ue. The Los Angeles County district attorney. 
Gil Garceiti, said regarding the criminal inves- 
tigation that Lanv Feklman. the boy's lawyer, 
had not ruled out having the youngster testify. 

“Nobody has bought anyone's silence.” Mr. 
Feldman said. 

With the civil case ended, legal experts said a 

criminal investigation of Mr. Jackson’s private 
life might collapse. Investigators in Las Angeles 
and Santa Barbara counties have explored ac- 
cusations that he sexually molested the boy in 
1992. but lawyers said lhai inquiry, which be- 
gan in August, now seemed doubtful because 
the settlement made it improbable that ibe boy 
would cooperate. 

Under California law. a victim of sexual 
abuse cannot be compelled to testify against bis 
or her assailant. 

Peter Arenella. a law professoral the Univer- 
sity of California at Los Angeles, said: “It 
would not only be unethical but criminal for tbe 
agreement between the parties in a civil suit to 
include a provision that prevented the adoles- 
cent from cooperating with prosecutorial au- 
thorities. However, it is very likely that the 
adolescent will refuse to cooperate with (be 
prosecutors to avoid public exposure.” 

Johniue Cochran Jr., one of Mr. Jackson’s 
lawyers, said: “Tbe resolution of this case is in 
no way an admission of guilt by Michael Jack- 
son. In short, he is an innocent man who does 
not intend to have his career and his life de- 
stroyed hv rumors and innuendo.” 

Reno Shifts, 
Taking Over 
Murder Case 
In Brooklyn 

By Stephen La baton 

Xenr York Time* Seme* 

WASHINGTON — Yielding to 
strong political pressure. Attorney 
General Janet Reno has agreed to 
take over the investigation of the 
slaying of a rabbinical student dur- 
ing the unrest in the Crown Heights 
section of Brooklyn in 1991 and try 
to bring federal civil-rights charges 
against the killers. 

Ms. Reno's decision to convene a 
federal grand jury came after 
Charles J. Hynes, the Brooklyn dis- 
trict attorney, handed over tbe 
■ case, conceding that local New 
York prosecutors would not be 
able to make a state homicide case 
against Ernesto Edwards, a suspect 
who recently emerged in the killing 
of the student Yankel Rosenbaum. 

. Mr. Rosenbaum was killed on 
the first of Tour nights of violence 
in Crown Heights to August 1991. 
Witnesses have said that shortly 
after a motorcade transporting a 
Hasidic leader accidentally struck 
and killed a 7-year-old black boy. a 
group of blacks formed a few 
blocks away . 

Surrounding Mr. Rosenbaum, 
they were said to have jeered: “Kill 
the Jew!” moments before he was 
fatally stabbed. 

Last year, Mr. Hynes’s office lost 
a homicide prosecution against an- 
other suspect in the case. Lemrick 
Nelson Jr. The prosecutors had 
said Mr. Nelson was the only per- 
son who had attacked Mr. Rosen- 

Ms. Reno's decision represented 
a remarkable turnabout and came 
only after New York’s two sena- 
tors. Alphonse D' Amato and Dan- 
iel Patrick Moynihan. threatened 
to hold hearings about bow she has 
overseen the investigation. 

For months, she has withstood a 
steady drum beat of criticism from 
Democrats and Republicans from 
New York, who have urged her to 
convene a grand jury. Much of 
their criticism was prompted by 
complaints among New - York’s Hi- 
si dim, who said that until someone 
was convicted in the death, justice 
was not done. 

Mr. Hvnes, who has been criti- 
cized for his office's handling of tbe 
case and who has indicated that he 
may seek a statewide office, has 
also pleaded with Ms. Reno to 
make tbe matter a federal case. 

But until Tuesday. Ms. Reno had 
said she wanted state prosecutors 
to seek a new homicide indictment 
before tbe federal government in- 
tervened, and the drama between 
Washington and Brooklyn officials 
over who should proceed bad come 
to resemble a routine in which each 
side urged (he other to take the first 

Ms. Reno succumbed, but only 
after an exchange or letters to 
Much she urged once again that a 
state case be brought, only to be 
told by Mr. Hynes that tbe federal 
case was the way to go. 

For Mr. Hynes, tbe decision 
came as a great relief, particularly 
since only four months ago Ms. 
Reno had decided to shut down the 
federal investigation entirely. 

Away From Politics 

• A federal agent said it was “posflfcr" that he 
accidentally shot a fcBow officer during the raid on 
the Branch Davidian compound near Waco.Tbt- . 
as. Keith Constantino of the Bureau tif Alcohol, 
Tobacco and Firearms testified in San Antonio 
that a bullet that wounded another agent was the ■. 
tvoe he had in his gun- The agent survived. Four 
scents were killed and 16 wounded to the raid last 

zP. i* V t~A tn a StJm, cUnrfnff 

verdict in toe case of his brother, Erik Meoendez. 
- They are accused of killing their parents. 

•Hie American Jewish Owmsltee said Lotos Far- 
rakhan, mimsfgr of the Nation of Islam,, proved 
that he was an “ongoing promoter of racism and 
intolerance.” Mr. Fanakhan said in Harlem: 
“Members of the Jewish community are the most 
organized, rich and powerful not only to Amenta, 

ft* 28 which led to a 5frdav standoff between organized, mb and powerful not only 
DavidKoreh’s folfowas and law officers. * ' " .• t^nnhc worid. Ttey don l want Fttfita wdo 
Davw rcunpu T- what he’s doing. They re plotting as we speak. 

.. .. sorDC 

David Kon$sh 
• The poBce to W: 

D.C, have recoro- 

rneiiacu- - — . • ^ J " — i **•— — • 

inn the two officers who a&jpdly sazed \ht cam- 
ciS of a Washington Post reporter as lie 
ohotographed a distraught woman they had hand- 
cuffed to a mailbox on a street, law orfeaewneat 

sources said Tuesday. 



Meaesdez told a judge to Los Angeles that it was 
jgafloctai alter more than ax weeks of defibera- 
rions and an earthquake, but the judgo sent the 

jurors . . , 

when a separate jury was unable tp agree on a 

iiere are willing to be used to cony’ “ 

But Fm saying this to you to say this: I’m 
trembling. I'm not afraid.” 

•Lyndon URoocbe was released from P* 
Wednesday after serving five years for Fraud. Toe 
political extremist said he would ran fra 
again in 1996. Mr. LaRouchc. 71, served one-third 
of a 15-year sentence. He was convicted in 19SS on 
! Ijnafl fraud charges and conspiring to defraud on 
la\c.‘ ny defaulting on more than $30 million in 

• from supporters, 

^ AP. WP. SYT 

New York’s New Mayor 
Starts Police Shake-Up 

By Clifford Krauss 

Stv York Tima Semee 

NEW YORK — Mayor Ru- 
dolph W. Giuliani and his new po- 
lice commissioner have begun a 
top-io-bottom reorganization of 
the New' York City Police Depart- 
ment that is intended to give bor- 
ough and precinct commanders 
more authority and staff to concen- 
trate on quality-of-life offenses 
ranging from open-air drug mar-, 
keis io panhandling squeegee men. 

The first phase of the reorganiza- 
tion came as Commissioner Wil- 
liam J. Bratton forced out four se- 
nior commanders and said he 
would promote seven mostly mid- 
dle-ranking officers wiih reputa- 
tions for aggressiveness and risk- 

“These changes are intended to 

do one thing,’' Mr. Bratton said 
Tuesday. "Get this department, 
shake it up, shake off the lethargy, 
shake off ibe drift and passivity 
and laissez fairs that I senseis this 

“My sense is we’ve set a lot of 
these cops up for failure." be said. 
“We’re attempting lo redefine their 

Mr. Giuliani must still approve 
some of Ibe changes, but he has so 
far given Mr. Bratton wide latitude 
to running the Police Department. 

The staffing changes are the 
most sweeping at the department to 
years. Bui senior department offi- 
cials said ibe reorganization would 
go much further, ultimately decen- 
tralizing the department hierarchy' 
and placing more emphasis and re- 
sponsbilitv for' policing out in the 

Joining the Cigarette Ban-Wagon 

Smoke-Free Shopping Catches on at America’s Malls 

Bv KJrsiin Downey Grimsley 

Uiahiiitb-n P'Ct Sen in- 

WASHINGTON — The anti*>moktog move- 
ment has quietly achieved one of us biggest vic- 
tories in years: Hundreds of retail businesses and 
shopping renters around the country are voluntari- 
ly banning or severely restricting smoking 

Retailers that have taken the step in toe last few 
weeks include Sears. Roebuck & Co„ the nation's 
third -largest merchant, which banned smoking 
throughout its 799 stores at the start of the year. 
Most recently, the fast-food chain Arty's* Inc. 
announced that it would ban smoking in its 257 
corporate-owned restaurants by summer to help 
eliminate what it called “environmental hazards" 
fared by its employees and customers. 

Tbe owners of several major national shopping 
center chains have severely restricted smoking or 
are planning to do so soon. 

“I’m optimistic this is going to continue.” said 
Fran DuMelle. deputy managing director of the 
American Lung Association. Suil, Ms. DuMelle 
said, referring to two decades of haides over smok- 
ing issues, “it didn't go as fast as we thought ii 

The retailers are instituting bans for a combina- 
tion of reasons. In some cases, they are responding 
to customer preferences for a smoke-free environ- 
ment. Others fear they could be legally liable under 
Clean .Air legislation, and under protections of- 
fered to disabled patrons and customers with ill- 
nesses aggravated by exposure to smoke. 

Most important, many said, was the action tak- 
en by the Environmental Protection Agency a year 
ago in designating smoke as a dangerous cancer- 
causing substance to both smokers and people 
near them. The agency also said such “second- 
hand” smoke increased the risk of respiratory 
illnesses to children. 

“The recent studies of the effects of second- 
hand smoke put us over the edge,” said Cathy 
Lick lag. a spokeswoman for The Rouse Co., a 
shopping center developer based in Columbia, 
Maryland. “It made it clear it's not a good thing.” 

Rouse sent out a directive in November ordering 
its 78 retail renters to ban smoking by the end of 
1994. About one- third of its center* are already to 
areas that restrict smoking by law. but about 50 of 
its centers have yet to take the step. 

Some of the major shopping center chains re- 
stricting smoking include the San Diego-based 
Ernest Hahn Co., with 48 shopping centers nation- 
wide. which went smoke-free on Dec. 31. Homan 
Development Corp„ based to Chicago, said about 
two- thirds of its 31 shopping centers across the 
country would soon be virtually smoke-free. 

In most cases, mall owners are instituting wide- 
ranging restrictions rather than complete bans. 
Instead of permitting a small nonsmoking area, for 
example, the whole mall becomes nonsmoking 
except fora small smoking section or two. Smokers 
will be politely steered to those areas, and peer 
pressure will handle tbe rest, mall owners said. 

Marshal Nikolai V. Ogarkov Dies, 
Defended the Downing of KAL 007 


MOSCOW — Nikolai V. Ogar- 
kov, one or the last marshals of tbe 
Soviet Union and the man who 
publicly defended to toe world toe 
shooting down of a South Korean 
airliner to 1983, died Sunday after a 
long illness. He was 76. 

Marshal Ogarkov was chief of 
toe general staff of the Soviet 
armed forces and first deputy de- 
fense minister for more than seven 
years. He was abruptly removed to 
(984 to circumstances toat stirred 
speculation in the West that he had 
fallen into disgrace. 

Bui be emerged several months 
later to a new role coordinating 
Soviet troop operations to Eastern 

Marshal Ogarkov, a heavily buili 
man and one of toe most highly 
decorated Soviet officers, remained 
loyal to toe end to toe Communist 
Party he had served through bis 

When Boris N. Yeltsin, shortly 
after his comeback in Soviet poli- 
tics, denounced the party at a con- 
gress in 1 990 and marched from toe 
Kremlin hall Marshal Ogarkov at- 
tacked him bitterly. 

“It was a shameful speech,” be 
said. “He was brought up to the 
partv and suddenly he just throws 
it alf up and leaves.” 

Marshal Ogarkov was best 
known fra his appearance at a news 
conference in September 1983. 
called amid uproar in the West to 
explain tbe shooting down by Sovi- 
et fighters of a Korean Air Lines 
Boeing 747 over the Russian Far 
East. All 269 people on board the 
plane were killed. 

The Dews conference was unusu- 
al in its time for toe Soviet military, 
coming almost two years before 
Mikhail S. Gorbachev assumed 
power and began his policies of 
"g losnoxt.’' 

Marshal Ogarkov rejected any 
notion of Soviet guilt. 

He strode confidently around 
the stage of the Foreign Ministry 
press center, waving a pointer at a 
map of toe Far East with the route 
of the airliner on it. Flight KAL 
007. be said, had strayed far from 
this assigned route on what Soviet 
authorities believed to be a spying 

But the marshal appeared to 
ha\« been no blind servant of toe 
Communist Party. 

General Valentin L Varenikov, 
the commander of land forces dis- 
graced after toe failed 1991 Soviet 
coup, once said Marshal Ogarkov 
bad expressed reservations about 
the full-scale invasion of Afghani- 
stan ordered by party leaders in 
December 1979. Tbe intervention 
resulted in almost 10 years of war. 
Marshal Ogarkov. he said, had ar- 
gued for a more limited operation. 

Lee Alvin DuBridge, 92, 
Helped Develop Radar 

New York Times Semee 

Lee Alvin DuBridge. 92, a physi- 
cist who helped develop radar and 
was president emeritus of the Cali- 
fornia Institute of Technology, 

died Sunday in Duarte. California, 
of pneumonia, toe institute said. 

He headed Caltech from 1946 
until 1969. when President Richard 
Nixon appointed him While House 
science adviser. He retired from 
that position 18 months later but 
remained a member of toe presi- 
dent's Science Advisory Commit- 

He had first been named to toat 
committee by President Harry S. 
Truman in 1951. when it was new. 
The following year. President 
Dwight D. Eisenhower made him 
chairman, a Position he held until 
1958. when toe job became a full- 
time position. 

George Keble Hirst, 84, 
Found Tracks of Viruses 

NiH York Times Service 

George Keble Hirst. 84. a scien- 
tist who discovered a way to see 
trades viruses, died in Palo Alto. 
California, on Saturday of natural 

More than 50 years ago. Mr. 
Hirst discovered a way to detect 
influenza viruses in blrxxl He was 

a member of toe Rockefeller Foun- 
dation's International Health Divi- 
sion studying influenza, including 
its prevention by vaccination, when 
he found to 1941 and 1942 that red 
blood cells clump together if they 
are mixed with influenza viruses. 

He used toat observation to de- 
velop a method, toe hemagglutina- 
tion assay, tost allowed him to esti- 
mate toe amount of vims present to 
a sample. 

Yves Navarre, S3, 

Won 1980 Prix Goncourt 

PARIS (AP) — Yves Navarre. 
53, one of France’s finest writers, 
died Monday to Paris of an over- 
dose of barbituaies. 

Mr. Navarre, who returned to 
France recently after several years 
in Canada, won the Prix Goncourt 
to 1980 for Le Tor din <T Accumula- 
tion. In 1992, he was honored by 
the French Academy for his more 
than two dozen novels, several 
plays and children’s books. He 
made no secret of his homosexual- 
ity, a subject he explored to numer- 
ous works. 

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SUPERMARKET TRAGEDY — At least three shoppers were killed and 80 injured at the Casino supermarket facing the Nice 
airport when the roof, on which cars were parked, collapsed Wwbiesday. At least six of the injured were fisted in serious condition. 



On the Heating Fuel Front, 
Wood Is a Hot Subject Again 

The healing fud of tomorrow may also be 
the healing fuel of yesterday. Wood now 
accounts for only 4 percent of the energy 
consumed in France, and less than I percent 
in Germany. But in both countries it is mak- 
ing big strides. 

Seven years ago. governing councils in the 
heavily wooded Landes region of southwest- 
ern France began a modest program to pro- 
mote wood's use as a fueL Big wood-burning 
furnaces were installed in about 200 govern- 
ment offices, schools and apartment budd- 

The program was motivated less out of 
ecological concern than the need to dispose 
of waste left by loggers and sawmills. That 
part of (he program has met with great suc- 

councQs clean up beaches and forests, pro- 
vide jobs and heat public buildings. A wood- 
burning furnace costs about twice a fuel-oil 
furnace, but the wood itself costs about a 
third less per kilowatt produced than fuel oil 
or natural gas. And as long as forests are not 
overexploited, wood's use is essentially envi- 
ronmentally neutral. 

In Germany, where wood-working indus- 
tries are haiing an increasingly hard time 
disposing of waste, and loggers have been 
hard-hit by the import of cheap wood, some 
see a bright futnre for wood beat, reports the 
weekly Focus. 

A leading enthusiast is Werner Feugmann. 
■ technical chief at Frankfurt’s airport, where 
buddings have been heated since March, by a 
huge wood-burning boiler. He notes that al- 
though wood is increasingly scarce in some 
countries, his airport had been spending up to 
100,000 Deutsche marks ($57,000) a year to 
dispose of excess wood — damaged pallets, 
boxes and other waste, which now will help 
keep travelers warm in the winter. 

The Christian Democ rat ic Umoo of Qwh 
ceflor Helmut Kohl has added its voice to 
those raHing for a ban on modstinguig as 
Germany embarks on a year of electioneer- 

Peter Hinlze, the Christian Democrats’ 
general secretary, said die party was willing 
to meet other parties to discuss a so-called 
fairness accord, which would bar insults be- 
tween politicians and ban disruptions of 
meetings and tearing down of posters. The 
Social Democrats and Free Democrats have 
backed the motion. 

A fairness accord this year would be the 

first in Germany since 1980. Ironically, the 
race that year between Chancellor Helmut 

race that year between Chancellor Helmut 
■ Schmidt and the Bavarian conservative Franz 
Josef Strauss, is remembered as one of the 
dirtiest in recent history. Mr. Strauss called 
Mr. Schmidt “ripe for a lunatic asylum.” 
while the Social Democrats produced bro- 
chures showing the Bavarian with vampire 

cess: The 200 furnaces use damaged pine 
trees, branches Droned from trees along local 

trees, branches pruned from trees along local 
roads, and even the 18,000 cubic meters of 
driftwood found each year along the Landes' 
Atlantic coast, reports the newspaper Libera- 
tion. Jobless people are to be hired to scour 
lores is for stumps and branches. 

So at a relatively low cost, the regional 

Around Europe 

The proportion of British ramifies headed 
by a single parent has more than doubled in 
the last 20 years, from 8 percent in 1971 to 21 

percent in 1992, a govemmem survey found. 
The figures come amid national debate about 

The figures come amid national debate about 
the erosion of family values, sparked by 
Prime Minister John Major's “back to ba- 
sics*' campaign. 

A Ugh school bead teacher in Italy insists he 
was justified in suspending two students for 
holding hands, although bis action has engen- 
dered public outrage. Hundreds of students 
marched hand-in-hand in the southern city of 
Potenza to protest the move by Rkcardo 
Laiella. 56. In suspending the students. Mr. 
Latella told them that school “should not be 
confused with a night club.” 

Brian Knowlton 





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CJJNTON: Clinton’s Call-to-Arms Gamble 

Daunting Agenda 

Cootimied from Page 1 
and well come right hade here and 
Start all over again.'’ 

The veto threat was joined with 
another challenge to Congress: To 
stop the argument over whether 
health care and welfare can both be 
overhauled simultaneously. “I 
know it will be difficult to tackle 
welfare reform in 1994 at the same 
time we tackle health care," Mr. 
Qinton said, “but I think it is inev- 
itable and imperative.'* He said he 
would send Congress a welfare pro- 
posal in the spring. 

“If we value work," he saidTucs- 

tem^t makes wdfire^re^- 
tractive than work.” 

On health care, Mr. Clinton pas- 
aonatdy defended his far-reaching 
proposal against a cfaora? of critics 
who assert it would create a mas- 
sive new government bureaucracy, 
limit individual choice of physi- 
cians, radon care and inqiose tbe 
equivalent of a new payroll tax on 

As if to answer those who see 
little presidential interest in foreign 
affairs, Mr. Clinton devoted a 
chunk of his address to national 
security, reiterating the themes of 
haring his policies on expanding 
democracy overseas, on expanding 
American trade as the best route to 
economic prosperity and on work- 
ing to reduce the world’s nuclear 

And be answered whai have been 
growing complaints from Republi- 
cans, and even some Democrats, 
that he has reduced military spend- 
ing too much to main lam adequate 

“Tins year, many people urged 
me to cm our defease spending 

Veto Threat WHl Shape Heahh 

-Care Debate >' 

By Dan Bate 

Washington Past Savkx 

WASHINGTON — For all the 
buildup that accompanied the 
State of the Umoo address, there 
was really just one question Presi- 
dent BOi Clinton had to answer, 
and be did It m clear and simple 
terms: He wiD not retreat on Ms 
insistence that health care rdtam 
means comprehensive, guaranteed 
benefits for event Ameucan. 

Faced with attack political en- 
vironment, Mr. Cfeiton knew be 
needed to use his speech Tuesday 
night to regain lost ground on 
health care and he derided to show 
the American people that he was 

not prepared to compromise. 

“ft the legislation you send me 
does not guarantee evety Am e rica n 
private health insurance that can 
never be taken away, you will force 

during his first year in riEEce it was 

that he loves nothing so much as 
the buDy pulpit and a friendly audi- 
ence. The ™n can talk! Tuesday 
night was vintage Clin too, a style 
by now familiar for the jazz-like 
nffc of rhetoric, the lectern^aMing 
gestures and the easy segues from 
policy details to moral passion- : 

Last year he talked for 59 min- 
utes; Tuesday night it was 63 — — 
and he even stayed reasonably 


me to take this pen, veto that legis- 
lation and well come right back 

again so we could pay for other 
government programs," he said. “I 

told them no. The budget I will 
send to tin's Congress draws the line 
against further defense cuts and 
fully protects the readiness and 
quality of our forces.” 

lation and well come right back 
here and start ova;" Mr. GLimoa 

And m an artful twist {tilting the 
people against tbe Congress, he 
warned the lawmakers assembled 
in tbe House chamber that he 
would use their health benefits 
against them if they resisted. 

“We need to give every hard- 
working taxpaying American the 
same health care security they have . 
already given us," Mr. Clinton said. 

Whatever co mpromi ses may lie 
.ahead this year, Mr. Qinlon’s 
threat to veto legislation that falls 
short of universal coverage was a 
angular — and risky — call to arms 
that wiD shape the early legislative 
maneuvering; It also reflects the 
administration’s view that on this 
question at least, the public is still 
with the president. As Mr. Clinton 
pat it Tuesday night, “Tbe people 
are way ahead of the politicians" 
when it comes to health care. 

If Bin Clinton proved anything 

dose to his text. There were no 
sweeping, new proposals and no 
dr ama tic surprises. 

If Mr. Clinton's campaign prog; 
ised change, tria rhetoric is a model 
of continuity. Most of the themes • 
he wove through his fist speech to 
a joint session of Congress were 
back again Tuesday 

a bit in order perhaps, but still ti» 

work, of an activist president with 
an unfinished agenda. 

But if there was no mystery 
about the president's ag e nd a this 
war — health care, welfare, dime, 
job t raining and several other mat- 
ters — there were some clues to 
how tbe dcctita-year cfiinate had 
affected his priorities. Crime rose 
to pr o m inen ce with tbe polls that 
since last fall haws shown the pubBc 
more worried about violence and 
personal, safety than the. economy 
or health care. 

Mr. Ctinton blended the call for 
values made in his wdl-reocrved 

reach of govemmeat, more com- 
munity participation, a greater reli- 
ance on faith and respect, not just 
for law and order, bat for conran- 

nity- . 

“Let ns weave these sturdy 
threads into a new American com- 
munity that can once more stand 
strong against the forces of despair 
and evif and lead us to a better 
tomorrow " he said. 

The State of the Union may have 
helped to answer other questions, 
bul on these tire jury is still out For 
weeks there have been questions 
about Mr. Clinton's commitment 
to welfare reform this year. On ■ 
Tuesday night, be promised be 
would ddivff. legislate this spring 

—A IL.L>a8 eto fMMOAA 

r ii in Memphis last fall with 
Calk-toagh rhetoric that has 

both parties competing for credit 
an the crime issue. .He. -asked for 
.more police on the streets, more 
curbs on Epm and u three strikes 
and you are out" for violent offend- 

But he asked for more, too, 
things which he said are beyond the 

of health care legislation, saying 
some people remain on welfare be- 
cause they cannot qualify for 
health insurance. 

But be issued a similar appeal 
last year. “Later this year we will 
offer a plan to end welfare as we 
know iv* he said. Congress is still 
waitin g and there is no guarantee 
that once the battle is roomed over 
health cate tfaai Mr. Clinton win 
fight for this as he has pledged. 

Mr. CUntoa showed- again the 
dietorical skills that have proved to 
be his strongest asset as president;' 
but he has been in this position 
before. Other speeches have been 
well received, only to have the mo- 
mentum behind his programsfade 
in .the face of Republican opposi- 
tion or White House inaoentian. 

Tuesday night he seized the mo- 
mern he was given. The more diffi- 
cult battle for the president and Us 
White House lies ahead. Whether 
Mr. Clinton’s call to arms puts steel 
in the spines of his supporters and 
wields public opinion behind hu 
broad and embattled health care 
plan is the question for the months 

PALESTINE: Approval h Called Near on $150 Million in Start-Up Aid 

Gontinied from Page 1 
economic advisers to Mr. Arafat 
The FLO will be represented in 
Paris by Aba Aiaa. a senior aide to 
Mr. Arafat who was also leading 
the PLO delegation in Ckiro. 

Ehud Kaufman, director of the 
international division of the Israeli 
Finance Ministry, said in an inter- 
view that donor governments, led 
by tbe European Union, the United 
States. Saudi Arabia and Japan, 
would make their aid conditional 
on a successful outcome in the 
peace talks. Mr. Kaufman added, 
however, that approval of the 
World Bank-administered aid 

package was a very important step 
: in preparing for Palekmian self- 

: m preparing for Palestinian seu- 
rule. • 

“I am optimistic that the eco- 
nomic package will be approved in 
Paris,” he saM. 

concents the portion of the $570 
million of the 1994 aid that will be 
used to finance the transitional and 
start-up costs of die Palestine Eco- 
nomic Development and Recon- 
struction Authority. This amount is 
estimated at from $1.50 million to 
$180 million. The authority, creat- 
ed by the PLO to manage aid pro- 
grams, is seal by World Bank offi- 
cials as the embiyonic financial 
and economic policy arm of a fu- 
ture Pales tinian government. 

Although most aid is normally 
linked to project investments, the 
main donor governments were 
asked last month by the World 
Bank to seek ways to approve al 
least some funds for Palestinian 

administrative and other start-np- 
exbeoses dnring the first , six to 12 *.. 

Government officials involved in 
the World Bank discussions say the 
major issue to be discussed in J^ris 

expenses 1 during the first six. to 12 *. 
months of self-rule. Officials dose 
to the negotiations said they ex- 
pected approval of the start-up 
money to come either at this week's 
Paris talks or at a follow-up meet- 
ing in the next few weeks. 

Caio Koch-Weser, the World 
Bank vice president who has been 
spearheading economic planning 
tor the Palestinian territories, said 
it was urgent that donon -commit- 
ted themselves to funding start-up 
costs “because we have to recog- 
nize the extraordinary dreum- 
stances oT an incipient sdf-govem- 

Mr. Koch-Weser, who wOt be 
chairman of the Paris meetings on 
Thursday and Friday, said the eco- 
nomic discussions were “of critical 
importance” and hoped a break- 
through would be achieved. 

He noted that beyond reaching 
agreement on the donor aid pack- 
age and disbursing it once there is a 
p^'ticaJaryord b cfr v ec ij Jgad and 
the FLQr fee Paleahrians ^nd Is- 
raelis still .had to conclude their 
hflateral' negotiat ions on 'the eco- 
nomic and fiscal framework, espe- 
cially on the terms of transferring 
tax revenues and taxation authority 
to the Palestinians. He said it. was. 

also important that the Palestine 
Economic Development and Re- 
construction Authority “be up and 
running in the very near future." 

In addition to ' financing admin- 
istrative expenses during the early 
stages of Palestinian sett-rule, the 
balance of the $570 million of aid is 
supposed to be spent on basic in- 
frastructure, including sanitation, 
social services such as health, edu- 
cation and housing, and technical 

The economy of the West Bank 
and Gaza Strip at present has an 
estimated animal gross domestic 
product of $2 banian to $3 bSUaa, 
with imengjloyment among the 
pepipathB til l J.hoBkB beSeved 
to be more than 30 pereoit. The 
s er v ice ■ sector accounts for about 
.h*3rttP1bta! income; smaD industry 
another 10 percent and agriculture 
about 25 percent. The balance is 
made up oi renrittances from Pales- 
tinuns walking abroad 

RICH: SmaU-Timen Losing Big BRANDT: Skeletons Out of Closet 

Contmaed from Page T 
on the Malaysian exchange last 

year and propelled Singapore, 
stocks to a gain of nearly 60 per- 

stocks to a gain of nearly 60 per- 

While counseling against specu- 
lation, the governments of both 
countries encouraged investment in 
stocks to broaden corporate owner- 
ship and give ordinary citizens a 
stake in economic growth. 

Officials are now dearly alarmed 
at the consequences of tbe specula- 
tive frenzy. Since the Singapore 
and. Kuala Lumpur exchanges 
trade shares in many of the «nie 
companies, a fall in prices an one 
exchange often affects sentiment 
on the other. 

Malaysia’s finance minister and 
deputy prime minister, Anwar 
Ibrahim, warned Monday that peo- 
ple shook! have learned s lesson 
from Japan. 

The pain that Japan had to un- 
dergo, he said, should be “a potent 
reminder’’ for Southeast Asian 
countries to “exercise restraint or 
even impose discipline in sectors 
where greed can create a fragile 
bubble economy " 

He added that any bubble would 
eventually burst “and derail 

On the same day, Singapore's 
finance mzmster, Richard Hu, said 
investors “should not treat the 
stock markets as casinos, buying 
and selling on minors and hoping 
to make a quick profit." 

Neither government has taken 
any firm action to discourage spec- 
illation. But Malaysia's central 
bank took steps over the weekend 
to tighten liquidity, a move some 
brokers said had contributed to 
subsequent sharp fails in the Ma- 
laysian stock market 

Following reports of indicates 
manipulating Malaysian share 
prices, Mr. Anwar said tbe aulhorirf 
ties would take a “tough" line if 
they found any irregularities. 

In Singapore, three of the four 
major local banks raised their 
prime lending ratea-iecently, a step 
that may help to discourage share 
speculation using credit 

Mr. Gale, the consultant, said 
Singapore's government might also 
take measures to reduce opportuni- 
ties for stock speculation. This, he 
said, could include delaying the 
privatization of the Singapore 
Mass Rapid Transit railway and 
the nation's water and electric pow- 
er utility. 

CoBthmed from Page T 
made pabtic on Monday, and* they 
contained no hint that Mr. Wehner 
had ever worked on their behalf. ' 
He was expelled from the German 
Communist Party while impris- 
oned in Sweden late in the war. 

The KGB and the East German 
secret police could have tried later 
to use the information they had 
about his denunriations of former 
comrades to try to h larfrmmi Mr.' 
Wehner, but t' e files showed only 
that the Eas.' Germans thought 
about doing ti. 5 in 1967. 

“We (fid cod f ider it, but we never 
undertook anything," said Markus 
Wolf, who was the East G erman 
intelligence chief at the time “The 
faU of Willy. Brandt was the last 
thing we wanted, and it was a seri- 
ous setback to our own policies, " 
Mr. Wolf said. 

Mr. Wolf was convicted 
month of treason for r unning the 
spy service whose successes includ- 
ed planting the agent who brought 
Mr. Brandt down. 

But in a country that was divided 
between communism and capital- . 
ism for 40 years, the questions of 
betrayal and loyalty are fraught 
with , historical baggage. Conserva- 
tive opponents accused both Mr. 

Brandt and Mr. Wehner of disloy- 
alty to Germany during the war, , 
when Mr. Brandt was m exile in 

With Mr, Kohl and. hh party 
si nking , in the polls and unm^kty- 
reent expected to keep rissnfcbdore- 
the elections, Mrs. Seebacher- 
Braadfs charges seemed made to 
order for them. “This could be tire 
issue we were looking for,” one of 
Mr. Kohl's strategists said. . 

But all the major German par- 
ties, including his, had secret deal- 
ings with the Communists in East 
Berlin over tbe yearn, awl the^ de- 
tails have hardly begun to emerge 
from the fi l e s . - • . 


Areas of Concern 

BOSNIA: France Calls for Action U.S. Calls Stance 



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-Coatioaed from Page 1 
rations would take place this week 
within the Union to see what new 
diplomatic pressure could be 
brought on the warring Serb, Croat 
and Muslim forces in Bosnia. 

Although the statement con- 
tained tough language, it was far 
from cleat that France was not, 
once a gwin, en g a g in g in brinkman- 
ship in a bid to bring the waning 
factions to tbe negotiating table 
and the United States and Rossa 
behind diplomatic attempts to se- 
cure peace. 

The missions to open tbe Turin 
airport and relieve the Canadian 
' garrison in Tuzfca coaid involve tbe 

UN peacekeeping force in a shoot- 
ing war with Serbian forces that 
France, Britain and Canada remain 

reluctant to countenance. 

Moreover, Russian support for 
Serbian forces appeals firm, so any 
mili tary operation could antago- 
nize President Boris N. Yeltsin and 
nut him under new pressure from 
Russian nationalists. Neither the 
European Union nor the United 
Stales wants to put pressure on Mr. 
Yeltsin openly. 

Attempts to organize the pro- 
posed misaons since the NATO 
meeting have been plagued by dif- 
ferences. with France and the Unit- 

ed States blaming each other for 
delays and the UN secretary-gener- 
al. Burros Butros Ghali, expressing 
skepticism over any military opera- 
tion until more UN troops are on 
the ground in Bosnia- 
On Wednesday, however, the 
United States, Britain and France 
urged Mr. Butros Ghali to press 
ahead with planning for the Tuzls 
and Srebrenica missions, and told 
him that he did not need new per- 
mission from tbe Security Council 
to call to 1 NATO air attacks 
against the enciidmg Serbs if nec- 
essary. Russia had requested con- 
sultation- with the Security Council 
before any military mission. 

Of Paris 'Strange* 

The Associated Press 

.Washington in an tm- 

diplomahc ebuke, the State De- 
partment s id Wednesday that The 
French foKign minister had en- 
gaged in “strange moral calculus” 
and questionable logic in his pre-' 

scrintmnfi fra- mni* n~ ‘ 

■ Aid Convoy Attacked 

Chuck Sudetk of The Sew York 
Tuna reported from Saregero, Bos- 

Crowds of Muslims attacked an 
aid convoy in central 'Bosnia on 
Wednesday with guns and a hand 
grenade, wounding six Bosnian po- 
Bcc guards and prompting UN offi- 
cials to suspend food convoys 
along the region's major aid route, 
The incident Wednesday .oc- 
curred near tbe Mus&n village of 
Tirid, where several hunched civil- 
ians, dearly desperate for food, 
stopped the aid trucks, UN offir 
dais said. 

nnjtt, UJ nu, pjg. 

sorptions for peace ui Bosnia. 

The comment by the State De- 
partment spokesman, Mike 
McCurry, signaled a wi dening of 

the rift between the UmSdStates 
and France over the Bosnia issue. 
The United States on Wednes- 
day also rqected a Russianpropos- 
ri for an urgent UN Security Cc££ 
cQ meeting on Bosnia. ■ 

Ml MoCurty was referring to a 
call bv Fttrami •. 

ted Bosnian govemmem to accept a 

ed thcFir reh appeal w MoS 
rwcmg i settlement on the 



§Su c V" Wcst to ' m 



Continued from Page 1 
and artillery, to sites near the De- 
militarized Zone. 

The appearance, ity ttedfrector 
of centra] mteIHgeaae is a. new 
practice, one peculiar to the. post-. 
Cold War atmosphere of openness! 
At such committee sessions, he tes- 
tifies publicly, though drcuOBpect- ‘ 
ly, and takes questions before his 
legislative overaeera 'In exchange 
his concerns about national securi-. 
ty matters, including the threat of 
deeper intelligence budget cats, be- 
come the subject afpuific debate 
Appearing wifirMr. Wodsty 
was me dimaor -of tiie Drfcaiie 
Intelligence Agency, lieutenant 
General James R. droper Jr. of the 
air foroe, who caSMjvcatb-KorA 

“the critical major military threat 

for the next few years." - 
The general said North Korea 
was only one among several na- 
tions where military inteflmence of- 
ficers were confronted wi&.“inys- - 
teries — things- that are not 
predictable, not even fawwAble.” 

So unding s grim ^ ftqnAeaih- 

wt <rf the mread of wempmy, Mr. 
Woobey said that in the zlst ccnffl- 
ty chenncal and bioIt^icri wcapOtB 
might pose die.kind of threal that 
nuclear weapons mice <Sd. About 
25 countries, some hostSc to -.tbc 
United Stairs, -are tryn^ lO:biiM. 
unclear, chemical W T btdogicaI 
weapons, he. said. : .. 

Iran, Mr..Woolsey Said, cbntin- 
oes its “ambhioasmultilnffiothdci' 

lar military -mod emf7a rinn -miD- . 

gram" and Kseekmsf bityinSacar •' 
raalerial and baSstic- imSsfics. 
Nwlh Korea continue to, amort' 

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Nine out of ten casualties in 
modem warfare are civilians. 

The vast majority ot its 
victims never wore a uniform 

or carried a gun. „ 

In the so-called “post-war 

period since 1945, at least 
20 million people have died in 
over 100 conflicts. A further 
60 million have been wounded, 
imprisoned, separated from 
their families and forced to flee 
their homes or their countries. 

In over 30 armed conflicts, this 
human misery is happening now. 
Yet the Geneva Conventions 

ratified by 164 states -lay 

wn clear rules that all victims 
war living under the darkness 
of conflict must be respected 

They have the right to protec- 
ts tion from murder, torture, star- 
vation and being taken homage. 
To focus attention on the 

plight of millions of civilians 

li caught in the crossfire, the 
" International Red Cross and 
Red Crescent Movement is 

launching a worldwide 

campaign to ensure that they 

get the protection and assist 
& Lee to which they are entitled 
under international law. 

„ No matter who. No matter 

3 where. No matter when. 

We call on governments and 
combatants everywhere to re- 


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of Victims of War 


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Page 6 







StibuUC The Least Bad of All These Bad Optio 

"I The Crisis 
MS In America 

Japan Needs Reform Soon 

If Japan's politicians cannot break their 
deadlock over reform quickly, it threatens to 
do great damage to their economy — and not 
theirs alone. Prime Minister Morihiro Ho- 
sokawa has strongly hinted that his govern- 
ment will resign if be cannot get his reform 
bills through parliament by Saturday, when 
the session ends. Thai would mean much 
further delay before Japan finally addresses 
the violent financial instability that is making 
increasing trouble not only for the Japanese 
but for their trading partners, the biggest 
of which is the United States. 

It is not surprising that Mr. Hosokawa is 
having difficulties with his reform program. 
It combines drastic new limits on campaign 
financing — lifeblood of Japanese politics, as 
practiced until now — with radical redistrict- 
ing and basic changes in the electoral process. 
He got it through the lower house of parlia- 
ment Iasi fall, but now ii has been defeated in 
the upper house by renegade members of the 
Social Democratic Party. Although part of his 
governing coalition, they feared for their own 
future under the new rules. 

Immediately after this disaster, while Mr. 
Hosokawa was desperately trying to decide 
how to respond, the U.S. Treasury secretary. 
Lloyd Benlsen, arrived for a brisk chat about 
trade policy. The quanel centers on American 

Perry Comes to the Rescue 

After several other candidates spumed his 
offer to be nominated as the next secretary of 
defense. President BQI Clinton settled on a 
sensible and safe fallback choice: William 
Perry, currently deputy secretary. Mr. Perry 
brings three considerable assets to his ap- 
pointment: years of Pentagon experience, re- 
cent confirmation by the Senate, and a soft- 
spoken ness that may help avoid needlessly 
inflammatory clashes over defease policy. 
Adding to bis appeal, be was willing to be 
talked into taking the job, a qualification that 
seems peculiarly Important these days. 

In the go-go years of the 1980s, Caspar 
Weinberger made the job of secretary of de- 
fense look easy and even pleasurable, by 
throwing billions of dollars at the armed ser- 
vices and lending his name to a military doc- 
trine of overwhelming torce which all buz 
assured that they would be called upon to 
wage war only in walkovers. In the 1990s. the 
secretaryship has become a thankless task of 
cutting superfluous manpower, canceling un- 
needed weapons and contemplating the use of 
force in places like Bosnia. Somalia and Haiti, 
where victory is hard to define and perhaps 
harder to achieve — while keeping the armed 
forces at sufficient strength and readiness to 
prevail in foreseeable conflicts. The job is 
politically demanding under a president dis- 
trusted by the military and who cannot afford 
to waste billions to win its officers over. 

It is small wonder that so many prospects 

like Sam Nunn and Warren Rodman with- 
drew from consideration. That they did so 
publicly only underscores the inepmess of the 
White House’s personnel practices. 

But Mr. Clinton chose cautiously and per- 
haps wisely in finally naming Mr. Perry. As 
deputy secretary of defense, he has been using 
his experience as a defense contractor and a 
Pentagon official (be was undersecretary in 
the Carter years) to try to revamp the depart- 
ment's wasteful procurement practices. If he 
accomplishes nothing dse, that alone will 
make his tenure a modest success. 

But Ik needs to do much more to assure a 

properly sized defense force and to Diotect 
President Clinton’s domestic agenda from a 

President Clinton's domestic agenda from a 
diversion of resources to military programs. 
He could start by reducing the excessive force 
requirements levied by his predecessor's bot- 
tom-up review. That left too large a force 
structure in place — at least two too many 
carrier battle groups and two too many divi- 
sions of ground troops, for starters. And it 
justified procurement of many more new 

weapons than the Pentagon can pay for. 
The upshot was to generate pressure 

The upshot was to generate p re ssure on 
Capitol Hill to increase the defense budget, 
something that Mr. Clintons health care re- 
form can ill afford. Mr. Perry needs to review 
the review and find further cuts. To accom- 
plish that surgery, he will need all the backing 
that the president can muster. 


Against the Virus of Bigotry 

Late in November, a senior aide to Louis 
FarTakhan, the leader of the Nation of Islam, 
gave a hate speech at Kean College in Union. 
New Jersey, in which he castigated Jews, 
whites, homosexuals and the Pope. The speak- 
er. Khaiid Abdul Mohammed, justified the 
Holocaust, called for the murder of whiles in 
South Africa and sprinkled his rambling, 
Lhree-hour speech with such phrases as “Co- 
lumbia Jewniversity” and “Jew York City." 

One is tempted to dismiss this diatribe as the 
ravings of an obscure bale merchant. But it is 
unnerving that an audio tape of his speech 
picked up applause and laughter from his most- 
ly black audience, and that only one professor 
promptly denounced the speech. Florid racism 
and anti-Semitism have to be confronted, 
wherever and whenever they occur. 

Thus it is encouraging that, as the contents 
of the speech have become widely known, 
responsible black leaders have risen to de- 
plore and denounce iL The list includes the 
NAACP’s executive director, Benjamin Cha- 
vis; William Gray 3d. president of the United 

Negro College Fund: and Representatives 
Kweisi Mfume of Maryland and Charles B. 
Rangel of New York. The Reverend Jesse 
Jackson called the speech “racist, anti-Semit- 
ic, divisive, untrue and c hilling ," 

The sad part is that neither Mr. Farrakhan 
dot many Hack students al Kean College seem 
inclined to repudiate Mr. Mohammed's invec- 
tive. Mr. Farrakhan suggested on Monday that 
complaints about Mr. Mohammed’s speech 
were a plot by Jews and the federal government 
lo divide the Nation of Islam. And while some 
black students al Kean College expressed con- 
cern that all blacks would now be labeled anti- 
Semitic. others expressed admiration for Mr. 
Mohammed and reportedly hope to invite him 
back to answer his critics. 

If he is invited back, the responsible aca- 
demic community has an obligation to com- 
bat his ignorant and hate-filled notions. Mr. 
Mohammed’s November speech was a strong 
reminder that whenever the virus of bigotry 
breaks oul it cannot be ignored. 


Other Comment 

A Firm Hand at the Helm 

Stern Rebuff on Bosnia 

President Bill Clinton's star-crossed search 
for a secretary of defense might at last have 
chanced upon a star in William Perry, a steady 
beacon erf good sense and military expertise in 
an administration too much given to gyration. 

Mr. Perry might turn out to be as fortuitous a 
selection as Dick Cheney was for George Bush 
after the lamentable John Tower nomination. 
In welcoming his assignment as a “real privi- 
lege" — contrast lhai with Mr. Inman’s asser- 
tions that he did not want the job — Mr. Perry 
placed extraordinary emphasis on the need to 
reform Pentagon methods of developing, or- 
dering and financing equipment At stake, as 
Mr. Perry noted, is the readiness and affordabi- 

lity of U.S. forces five and 10 years from now. 
With Mr. Pern at the helm, the nation mav 

With Mr. Pem at tbe helm, the nation may 
have a defense secretary with tbe know-how to 
take the long view even as he confronts the day- 
to-day alarums of a hot-seat Washington job. 

— The Baltimore Sun. 

Warren Christopher, the U.S. secretary of 
state, knows how not to be a diplomat when it 
suits him. His French interlocutors learned as 
much when they raised the Bosnian crisis with 
him. Everything they asked for was rejected. 

For Washington, it is clear that the Bosnian 
crisis does not call for an urgent decision 
because it threatens no vital American inter- 
est. Bosnia, in this perspective, is more 
a Lebanon than a Kuwait- 
After so stinging a rebuff — which says 
much about America’s willingness to take the 
Europeans at their word when they called at 
the recent NATO summit meeting for their 
own security and defense identity — nothing 
remains for tbe Twelve but to get to work on 
their plans, while crossing their fingers in 
hopes that a flareup in Bosnia will nol pro- 
voke a precipitous retreat 

— Jacques Amairic writing 
in Liberation (Paris). 

International Herald Tribune 


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W ASHINGTON — The work! 
has become accustomed to 

demands for firm numerical targets for great- 
er Japanese imports of American products. 
The Japanese are resisting, arguing that im- 
port levels depend on the condition of the 
economy, which al present is on the brink of 
recession. But as Mr. Bentsen replies, experi- 
ence has shown anything less than fixed im- 
port targets to be meaningless. As bad luck for 
the Japanese would have it their trade figures 
for the past year appeared on the day of Mr. 
Bentsen's visit. They showed that Japan's 
worldwide trade surplus was a staggering 
S120 billion, of which $50 billion was the 
Japanese surplus with tbe United States. 
Since exports represent jobs, more than finan- 
cial balances are at slake. 

Few Japanese politicians have ever seemed 
to understand their country’s new responsibil- 
ities as the world’s second-greatest economic 
power. Tbeir interests, and those erf their 
friends, now require them — including tbe 17 
craven Socialists who voted against their own 
government — to reach a rapid compromise on 
the reform bills, preferably one that resembles 
Mr. Hosokawa's original bills. That would al- 
low him to turn with undiminished strength to 
the state of the economy. What is going on now 
looks tike a fight for tbe wheel of the ship while, 
unnoticed, the storm approaches. 


YY has become accustomed to 
seeing the war in Bosnia as a total 
tragedy for that small nation's Mas-, 
lint majority and an inconvenience 
for the great powers. Thai dichotomy 
is changing as the war spins beyond 
the ability of outsiders to influence 

By Jim Qoagland 

its course in any meaningful way. 

Tbe Muslims have refused to die 
quickly or quietly. Against afl odds 

It is not pleasant to 
recognise that previous 
inaction and mistakes 
have led the United 
States and its allies into 
a dead end on Bosnia. 
But that is the reality. 

Russia and as Ukraine slides to- 
ward national breakup. Tbe indirect 
challenges to international stability 
posed by the Balkan conflict sap 
will and resources that may be 
needed for more direct and ommous 
challenges in (he near future. 

The change in tbe dynamic on 
the Bosnian battlefield and within 
the international community vali- 
dates a saying attributed to Leon. 
Trotsky: You may not be interest- 
ed in war, but war is interested in 

terventkm now does not tip thesraj* 
toward a peace accord but toward 
the M uslims. Lifting the embargo at B**® war, 
that point win inolsetteBSisr 
ability and motivation to fight while 

■increasing the motivation of the. n&s fdkwmg a more tisafroas 
Setteana Croats to goin for the JdH. 

President Clintons hand may be Tim preset 

forced on bis long-standing threat 

totiseair.poweragainst thff Serbs.If Ite French m recent days to a# 
the Serbs continue their sege of a W«tempowosandRu»at( 

Is Crime 

By Bob Herbert 

yon. "War has its own lenible logic 

which changes everything it touch- 

and reason, they'have survived Ser- 
bian conquest, starvation and cold.* 
Tbe Muslims are now on the ofTen- 

The Muslims are now on the offen- 
sive, taking the war to their Serbian 
and Croatian enemies. 

The Muslims are no longer sun- 
ply war's victims who need to be 
aided and protected. They now 

wage war not just for survival but 
for territory, ibis gravely compli- 
cates the involvement of European 
nations and America, which nave 
used humanitarian intervention to 
keep some measure of control over a 
conflict that they were not prepared 
lo stop when it could have been 
stopped without great losses. 

Even that small degree of control' 
is slipping away as war fatigue sets 
in across the rest of Europe. De- 
fense ministries in Britain, r ranee, 
Spain and elsewhere are alarmed by 
die money and manpower they have 
been forced to spend from shrink- 
ing military budgets to support Lhdr 
troops in Bosnia. 

That alarm grows exponentially 
as extremists seem to gain ground in 

which changes everything it touch- 
es, even glandngly. 

Along with honors and suffering, 
wars also create nations. Bosnia- 
Hazqgovina wm little more than 
idea when a Muslim-dominated 
government proclaimed indepen- 
dence in April 1992. Out of two 
years of bloodshed and siege, the 
Muslims haw created an army that 
is reconquering territory taken by 
Croatian forces and holding against 
a better armed Serbian force. 

Military stalemate is probably tbe 
most tbe Muslims can attain. But 
they shewed by pulling out of die 
Geneva peace talks earlier t bis 
month that they expea to fight on 
for months to come. Ibis will drag 
Europe and America into altering 
policies that have been predicated on 
Muslim victimization and surrender. 

The Muslims’ war aims are now 
more important to tbe Sarajevo gov- 
ernment than tbe h umanitarian re- 
lief underwritten fay the presence of 
large French and British troop con- 
tingents and U.S. airlifts. Will the 
West be willing to continue its hu- 
manitarian involvement in a con- 
flict that is no longer a one-way 

Canadian peacekeeping contingent 
in Srebrenica, UJ3. fighters will fly 
dose air support for a United Na- 
tions armored column that will go 
in lo rescue tbe Canadians. 

The possibility of American rock- 
ets striking Serbian positions is no 
more days away unless tbe 
Sobs relent and allow a rotation of 
UN troops in Srebrenica. lifting 
the embargo and striking the Serbs 
at this late dote would provide. 
Western capitals emotional satis- 
faction and would fulfill Mr. din- 
ton's campaign promises to act 
against the Serbian aggressors. 

But the strategic environment has 
rhangwt Hramatirany <ina» Mr. Om- 
ton made those promises. Direct in- 

Westem powers andRnssia to bold a 

Raftmw conference and impose a 
settlement before events spin even 
mare out of control The United 
States has tqected this approadi but 
has not put forward any .new buna- 
live of its own, leaving the outdated 
lift and strike approach on the table. 

_ It is not pleasant to rea«pize that 

previous inaction and mistakes nave 
Ted tbe United States and its aBks 
.into a d e ad end on Bosom. But that 
is the reality. Waiting for die battle- 
field to change again and create 
condi tions for a new peace effort, 
when the warriors exhaust them- 
selves, is the leak bad of aH the had 
options available in the new Boan- 
an quagmire. 

Tbe Washington Past. 

slaughter but a real war? 
If tbe Europeans pull 

If the Europeans pull out their 
troops in tbe spring, as they threaten 
•to do with increasing frequency aid 
persuasiveness, there will no longer 
be a serious barrier to President BQI 

Qin ton’s promise to lift tbe arms 
embargo that has so handicapped 

Somewhere in Bosnia 

The Russians Need More Shock Therapy, Not Less 

T ALLINN, Estonia — In recent weeks, a de- 
bate has been conducted on the paces of the 

X bate has been conducted on the pages of the 
world's leading newspapers and in the corridors of- 
power over the utility erf “shock therapy’’ as a 
means for stales to wrest themselves from the 

By Mart Laar 

The writer is prime minister of Estonia. 

means for stales to wrest themselves from the 
shackles of central planning to become free market 
economies. I believe it is essemial to re-examine 
the assumptions upon which this debate is based. 

As even tbe casual observer knows, the states of 
Central and Eastern Europe have had mixed re- 
sults with shock therapy. Slowly, economies have 
begun to improve. In some respects, development 
in Central and Eastern Europe has been speedier 
than in the former East Germany. 

But at the same time, serious dissatisfaction with 
shock therapy has arisen among the peoples of tbe 
region. Economic revival has teen neither as swift 
nor as painless as anticipated; many people fed 
they have been left to the hand of fate. 

Some Western experts have begun to doubt tbe 
wisdom of shock therapy'. There is increasing talk 
of the need to spend more on social welfare, to 
“soften" reforms, and to increase subsidies and 
transfer payments. In short. East and Central Eu- 
ropean countries are bong sold on a model that 
has got many a Western state into serious trouble. 

Let us not forget that had the Adenauer govern- 
ment launched a program of social well-being 
rather than of economic stabilization, Germany’s 
“economic miracle" would never have occurred. 

Such posturing has become nearly epidemic 
since the Russian parliamentary elections in De- 
cember, in which both tbe former Communists and 
political forces described as fascist did wefl. Many 
observers, including Strobe Talbott, UJS. deputy 
secretary of stale-designate, blame overly speedy 
reforms in Russia tor the setback suffered by 
democratic forces. After hearing the election re- 
sults, Mr. Talbott remarked that what Russia 
needed was “less shock and more therapy." 

I could not disagree more. 

A splintered approach helped defeat tbe demo- 
crats, as did poor coordination and tbe weakness 
of the multiparty system in Russia. Tbe democrats 
underestimated the strength of the Communist- 
fascist forces and made tactical errors. Boris Yelt- 
sin failed to support the democrats pubhdy. 

Many Russians in fact share Vladimir Zhiri- 
novsky’s views. Russia is the land not only . of 
Pushkin and Dostoyevsky, but also of Ivan the 
Terrible and Stalin. Jt is a wonder tbat tire demo- 
crats received as many votes as they did. 

The experience of other states demonstrates that 
shock therapy is not at issue here. 

After reinstating independence in 1991 and tak- 
ing a few cautious steps, Estonia launched a pro- 
gram of radical reform. In June 1992 it became the 
first of the so-called former Soviet republics to 
introduce its own convertible currency, which was 
firmly fixed to the Deutsche mark. Since then tbe 
Estonian kroon has been remarkably stable. 

Stria monetary policy and a balanced budget are 
responsible for this success. Inflation plummeted 
from 1,000 percent in 1992 to an annual rate of 15 
percent in 1993. Hard currency reserves have in- 
creased 3.5 times in the 1? months since the kroon 
replaced the ruble. In a scant year, Estonia's econo- 
my turned from East to West; exports to tire West 
have increased by 15 times in tbe last few years. 

After an initial drop in production, the economy 
had bottomed out by the second half of 1993 and 
began an upturn. The third quarter of 1993 
brought a dear increase in gross domestic product. 
We take great pride in the prediction by tire Inter- 
national Monetary Fund that Estonia will hatie tbe 
highest growth rate in Europe this year. 

Foreign investment has nsea swiftly. whDe the 
number of businesses in Estoniajumped hoar 2 fiOO 

in 1991 to 60,000 last year. After radical reforms, 
Estonia’stax rates are perhaps tire lowest in Europe: 
All the while, Estonia has maintained a liberal trade 
regime, doing away v^th import and export taxes; - 
Estonia has changed beyond recognition. New 
shops and ca£6s offer viribfe proof of the victory of 
market forces. Productivity n up, and our subs-, 
tries have enjoyed success in finding new markets. 
The standard of living reached its low poittl early 

last year, and real w ages are rising agsm. •- nation's binary. 

All of this is in sharp contrast with Russia's 
situation. Estonia's experience clearly demon- 
strates that only racfical and systematic reforms 
can ensure a better future for a oourttty emerging 
from years of central planning. 

Tbe tragedy of Russia lies m the fact that there 
has been mo Gttle shock in its shock tbera gy.jmd . 

economic oOowe^T^^tero of “rare 

step forward, two steps back." 

And now the West, instead of leading dear top- 
port to tbe reformsts and radical democrats. Speaks 
of “softening" reforms. It has suggested channeling 
more money into social spending (regardless of tire 
effect on budget deficits and the tax burden) andhas 

begun cajoling international monetary organiza- 
tions to rdax tbeir strict terms of lending. . 

In protest, reformist politicians in the Rnsaan 
jverament have been (Peering to the opposition. 

government have been defecting to tbe opposition. 
The West, quite wrongly, behaves as if no flung 
awful were happening. This further weakens- tire 
democrats and consolidates support behind Mr. 
Zhirinovsky and his fellow travelers. . 

Russia and the Russians must not be treated as 
if they were spoiled children, above rep riman d er 
reproach. Suchchildren grow up lobe aisobedieni,. 
anpgant and tyrannical adults. We most expect of 
Russia what we export of other countries, ami treat 
Russia as an equal partner. Only. bis . sot of 
pedagogy can create for Russia a better tomorrow. 

International Herald Tribune. 

A Baltic Test of Real Change in the Russian Psyche 

H elsinki — The assumption 

underlying Bill Clinton's Rus- 
sia First policy appears to be that 
economic reform laced with Western 
aid will moke Russia a democratic 
and peace-loving state content to live 
within its present borders. No doubt 
on improvement in the economy 
would strengthen the Yeltsin regime 
and stabilize the political situation. 
But this is not likely to resolve Rus- 
sia's postimperal identity crisis. 

The phenomenon is familiar to stu- 
dents of the rise and fall of great 
powers. Britain and France, too. have 
had trouble reconciling themselves lo 
the loss erf empire. But in some re- 
spects the Russian case is unique. 

While the British and the French 
had to withdraw from overseas pos- 
sessions populated by alien peoples, 
the Russian domain itself has been 
shrunk in size, leaving 25 million 
Russians to live outside the Russian 
Federation beyond borders that used 
to be merely administrative divisions. 

What mokes this retreat all the 
more painful b that the Russians. 

By Max Jakobson 

again unlike the British and the 
French, have had no established na- 
tional or geographic identity to fall 
back on. What is Russia if it is not an 

pay some of their costs. This request 
was discreetly set aside by CSCE for- 
eign ministers at tbeir November 
meeting in Rome. Understandably 

they were unwilling to grant a “seal of 
good peacekeeping” to operations 
beyond their control. But although 
no one in an official position would 
say this publicly, the Russian Army 
is. in realpolitik terms, doing Europe 
a favor by stemming the Islamic tide 
along the southern rim of the Com- 
monwealth of Independent States. 

Ukraine is in a category of its own: 
a European nation of 52 million, 
partly Roman Catholic, with a siz- 
able voting lobby in the United 
States. But it is also a country run 
by former Communist apparatchiks 
who have used the nuclear weapons 
inherited from the Soviet Union to 
blac kmail Russia and the United 
States, while allowing the economy to 
collapse. Any daim tar Western sup- 
port by the present Ukrainian regime 
would have little moral credibility. 

The three Baltic states present a 
sharp contrast. Estonia, Latvia and 

1 !iL. “ 1 ■■ fimirlli 1 frenfwH 

tive. Russian continue 

to cross Lithuanian territory while 
traveling to and from the naval base m 
Kaliningrad, and Moscow insists on 
retaining the use erf radar facilities in 
Latvia for years to come. 

In the absence of a credible enemy. 
Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev re- 
cently claimed that the Russian pop- 
ulations living in neighboring coun- 
tries constitute a “strategic interest" 
that justifies a Russian military pre- 
sence outride of Russia. 

Tbe Russians living in tbe Baltic . 
countries — about one-fifth of the 
population in Lithuania, one-third in 
Estonia, dose to half in Latvia — 

shaped by a drive for security through 
territorial expansion. A recent opinion 
peril revealed tbat Peter tbe Graz, the 
czar who conquered tbe Baltic region 
almost three centuries' ago. is still re- 
garded by a majority of Russians as 
the nation's greatest leader ever. 

His name remains a powerful met- 
apbor. Against democracy, and 
economic reform offer a different 
concept of security— one that subli- 
mates tbe territorial instinct to a 

It wilt require the effort not just of 
politicians but of the rest of America 

efforts to overcome die brand past. 

pose serious political and social pro- 
blems. But these cannot be solved as 
long as tbe ambiguity of Russian pol- 
icy feeds uncertainty about tbe future 
status of the Baltic countries. 

The key issue is citizenship. In Esto- 
nia. a liberal naturalization law en- 
abfes non-Estonians to acquire citizen- 
snip after two years’ residence. An 
elementary knowledge erf tbe Estonian 
language is required. Very few Rus- 
san residents have applied, and eqoalr 
!y few have opted for Russian citizen- 
ship. The majority prefer to stay in 
Estonia, where they arc better off than 
they would be in- Russia, but hesitate 
to commit thesnsdves. The nrifitant 
speeches in Moscow may well encour^ 
age them to hope for a return of tbe 
good trfd days of Russian rale. 

Not only die ultranationalists but 
also many liberal Russians find it 
hard lo come to terms with the inde- 
pCTttence of the Balticpeopleg. 1 have 
often been asked by Russian friends 
how these small nations canid possi- 
bly manage on their own. When i 
point out that Finland has done rea- 
sonably well without tbe benefit of 
Russian protection, they politely 
change tbe subject but dearly remain 
unconvinced. Tbe imperial frame of 
mind is notoriously insensitive to tbe 
aspirations of small nations. 

Tbe history erf Russia has been. 

onpirtf? The question is often asked 
in the Russian debate, but so far with 

Lithuania have moved rapidly toward 
parliamentary democracy and market 
economy. Estonia, in particular, has 
been a model pupil of the Internation- 
al Monetary Fond school for former 
Communist-run economies. 

The Baltic experience supports 
what Samuel Huntington wrote in a 
much quoted Foreign Affairs article: 
"The most significant dividing line in 
Europe . . . may wdl be tbe eastern 
boundary of Western Christianity in 
the year 1500. This line runs along 
what arc now the boundaries between 
Finland and Russia and between the 
Baltic stats and Russia, cuts through 
Belarus and Ukraine, separating the 
more Catholic western Ukraine form 
Orthodox eastern Ukraine." 

Yet the Baltic states are still caught 

in the web of Russia's military net- 
work. The Russian garrison in Lithua- 
nia has been withdrawn, and Moscow 
has promised to pull its troops out of 
Estonia and Latvia by tbe end of Au- 

in the Russian debate, but so far with 
no satisfactory answer. 

A closer analysts shows the with- 
drawal from the “inner empire" — the 
area now called the “near abroad" — 
to be more apparent than reaL For- 
malls, the former Soviet republics be- 
longing to the Commonwealth of In- 
dependent States are ail sovereign 
nations, members of the United Na- 
tions and the Conference on Security 
and Cooperation in Europe. In reality, 
they are chained to Riusia by the 
enduring structures erf the former So- 
viet militiuy-indusirial complex, most 
of their leaders are members of the old 
nomenklatura, and ihe Russian Army 
moves fredv across their borders. 

The Russian government has gone 
so far as to ask the CSCE lo endorse 
its “peacekeeping" operations m Ta- 
jikistan and the Caucasus and even to 

Mr.Jako bson, a former Famish am- 
bassador to ihe Untied Nations, writes 
on international affairs from Helsinki. • 
He contributed ads comment to the 
Intematumaf Herald Tribune. 

as well, indnding edneators and tbe 
deigy, community and. cml rights 
leaders, and ordinary citizens, espe- 
cially parous and others who care 
foryotmg children. 

. There are also -the media, of 
course, which cart be helpful by 
Shifting some of tile emphasis from 
the sensational crimes lo the less 
'entertaining search for solutions. . 

The New York Times. 


1894: Beyond tbe Call 

PARIS — The action of Cokmed 
Bonnier in ocamying Timbuctoo is 
noi received with unreserved satis-, 
faction by the more responsible or- 
gans of the French press. Tbe Figaro 
says that one may be permitted to 
"wonder what a French expedition 
was (hung in the neighborhood of 
TSmbuctoo, after formal orders to 
the contrary. Our contenaporaiy also 
considers that in not awaiting the 
arrival of the new CmT Governor of 
the Soudan, Colonel .Bonnier was 
not altogether carrying pm tbe evi- 
dent intentions of tus Government, 
which wishes to have done with con.- . 
quest' in the Soudah and to con>- 
mence colonisation, \ . . . 

26].. Mechanics had been going over 
the whole machine since dawn, and 
the pBot'and his assistant were satis- 
fied that they-wquld be able to take 
their twelve passengers safely across 
the Chaxm&ykif i soon'snow began to 
fall and tfie xnflhary authorities or- 
dered the dqparture to be postponed. 

1944? Latin Nads Hit 

1919: NoChaimdnigjto 

PARIS — The dea&ents tbtmsdves 
have conspired to delay the inaugural 
trip of the Paris-London aero car. 
The “GoliatiT was quhe ready, for 
the flight yesterday morning ]Jan_ 

BUENOS AIRES— [From oar New 
York edition:! The Aram tine govsn- 
1 meat broke diplomatic relations to- 
day [Jan. 27] with Germany and Ja- 
pan, which have now o fficially lost 
tbeir last foothold in the "Western 
Hemisphere and their last affkai cen- 
•ter for- conducting 1 Axis espionage 
and snbytarave activities aimed 
destruction, oif hemispheric unity. Tbe 
Associated Press said that the M 
aoiy of the spy .ring, when revealed, 
■ is expected to be' sensational, shaking 
the foundsions of Argentina, hi gii 
society. Among those arrested were 
gu«!ue P. OscS, editor of the pro- 



N EW YORK — Is lira* reason 
for hqpe, or is that nave? Is 
America realty waking up to the 
enormity of its problems of crime and 
violence, or is this just another phase, 
driven by the media and lasting only 
until we are diverted by a IdBer bliz- 
zard, or a celebrity sex scandal, or a 
surprise locker-room attack tw a Buf- 
falo hitpersoQ to the knees of Dallas 
Cowboy Enffititt Smith? 

A serious national effort to combat 
dime has never bear needed more 
(him now. Americans are being mur- 
dered. raped, beaten, robbed and. 

otherwise terrorized is numbers seg- 
gestiHg that an extraordinary evil has 
been loosed upon the society. 

No one is immune, not even tod- 
dlers or infants; and no place is 
exempt, not even schools or bouses 
of worship. 

The reality is more horrible than 
most fiction writers are capable of 

The Children’s Defense Fund has 
released a report saying that nearly 

50.000 children arid teenagers wens 
killed by firearms in tbe United 
States from 1979 to 1991. More than 

24.000 of those deaths were homi- 
cides, the remainder bong suicides 
and deaths from firearm accidents. 

A child growing up in tbe United 
Stales is IS times more likely to be 

^^No^ralrdaatL An Aroddcan 
rhild or teenager dies from gunshot 
wounds every two- haunt 
The only thing more remarkable 
than those statistics is that the violent 
deaths of so many young people 
could occur without a frenzied na- 
tional outcry, a collective expression 
erf anguish and outrage. 

Perhaps that is oocmring now. 

A New York Thnes/CBS News 
Poll shows that crime has become the 
nation's biggpst co n cern. The major 
media cadets are top-heavy with sto- 
ries and special reports about crime. 
The politicians, irresistibly drawn to 
tbe twin hues of opinion palls and 
television cameras, are flexing their 
rhetorical rnnsdes. 

But we’ve been here before. Tea 
years- ago President Ronald Reagan 
tr um pe t ed “the most sweeping ahtir 
crime biD in more than a decade.” 
Al a. White House press conference 
be premised to praride “long-over- 
due protection to law-abiding 
Americans” and “lo pnl an end to 
the era of co ddl ing ; irowimala.* * 

That was followed by the most 
violent, crime-ridden decade in the 

Tins trine could be different. The 
Icty wilHSe'^ whether die politicians 
anctofeg lepdqpjre wiffing-lo avoid 
t he no tion of sn^fistic solutions. 

can be 

accampfisfaied by kneejerit responses 
of the right or the left. 

Qbvioesty something is^ wrong with 
a criminal justice system tbat regu- 
lariy releases innrdeners in five and a 
half years and rapists in less than 
three. And there is something wrong 
with a society that cannot seem to 
corral, and keep corralled, repeat 
violent offenders. 

Bet there is also something wrong 
with a society that takes hpge seg- 
ments of its. juvenile population and 
condemns there to a hideous wodd 
of ignorance, fear, alim&tkm and 
criminal neglect Something has to 
be done for children who, at ages 10 
arid 11, are making detailed plans 
for their own funerals. 

For years we have hadadvqcates of 
harsh punishment on one aide and 
(hose who want to attack tbe root 
causes of Crimean the other. It is past 
timofor each side to listen seriously, 
and in a spirit of goodwill, to what, 
the other ade has to say. 

Beyond , the toll of hves lost and 
pain endured, crime in America 
costs hundreds of bflfidns of dollars 
everyyear. Getting even a modest 
handle, on crime would have an 
enormous positive effect on society 
as a whole, including the economy 
and tbe continuing problems of 
health care and welfare: 

•* Grime is the real crisis in America. 
But doing something about crime 
also means doing something about 
drugs, about guns, about jobs and 
about values: - 


l* Hi 

•• • 








■**> ■: 




:•• t 


Clinton as Elmer Gantry: A Trap to Avoid 

WASHINGTON — Haley Barbour, the 
* . wily and affable .Repub Bean national' 
chairman, gave President Bill Clinton an im- 
P 0 * 1 * 11 . 1 a ^° ul the challenges he faces 
folkwing Ins State of the Union message, 
j^sessiflp the president’s first year in office, 
Barbour described Mr. Ointon as an 
i3mCT Gantry presidetu" who will “mount 
the bully pulpit and say anything he thinks’ 
you -want to hear." 

•Jlie-roessMeis clear 1 Republicans ate con- 
««ing that Mr. Clinton is a formidable poli- 
tician and talker* much as- Democrats con- 

Republicans describe Clinton as 
someone who wiU r s<sy anything 
he thinksyouvxauto hear.’ He 
needs to be seen as a practical, 

, ceded Ronald Reagan’s ample skills at 
persuasion. Mr. Barbour and his parly have . 
to explain Mr.- Clinton’s popularity and stay- 
ing power somehow. - 
So the Republicans now propose to roil the 
“character issue” — the public’s- questions 
about Clinton's trustworthiness — into inat- 
, ters of policy. Mr. Clinton might seem great, 

» the Republicans are saying, but you cannot 
* trust a word he says, and his policies are 
never what they seem. 

Democrats should not dismiss this line of 
attack too blithely. Mr. Clinton races real 
dangers on the general matter of overpromis- 
, ing, and on the particular issues Republicans 
*• harped bn at tbeir national committee meet- 
ing last weekend: crime, welfare reform and. 
‘ health care. A president, especially one who 
is doing well, needs to avoid baiting the traps 
that are designed to ensnare him 
• Overpromising. Any president proposing 
. large changes runs this risk. Voters endorse 
change, after all, only if they are convinced 
that the new policies will substantially im- 

By E. J. Dionne Jr. 

prove on the status quo. When Franklin Roo- 
sevelt took over in the midst of the Great 
Depression, this was an easy case to make. 
How, most voters reasoned, could any change 
make things worse than they already were? 

For all the problems facing the country, the 
current circumstances are rather different 
from those of the Depression. Mr. G inton’s 
popularity Ts rising precisely because Ameri- 
cans feel pretty good. This only increases die 
pressure on Mr. Clinton to highlight, and 
perhaps exaggerate; the benefits of change. 
He passionately wants people to believe that 
'if only America has the right job training 
programs, a' better education system, the 
proper health care reform, a more intelligent 
welfare system, it can make a big dent in 
its biggest problems. 

The trouble is that resources are scarce. As 
a Clinton economic adviser noted by way of 
example, there are some successful job train- 
ing. programs out there. Bui the best ones 
tend to be expensive. Mr. Clinton's budget is 
so squeezed — that is the cost or deficit 
reduction — that be will sever find enough 

S to offer everyone access to the best, 
e program. So be win either have to 
opt for carefully targeted programs or broad- 
er programs that spend a lot less per person 
and ran higher risks of failure. 

The deficit was not of Mr. Clinton’s mak- 
ing, but he has to deal with its political 
consequences. The success of Mr. Clinton’s 
Memphis speech about crime and family 
breakdown rested in part on its open ac- 
knowledgment of the limits of government's 
ability to solve problems in the absence of 
responsible citizens and communities. There 
is a lesson there. 

Crime. One of Mt. Clinton's successes is 


licans by proving that Dc 
tough on criminals as anyone. Republicans 
want the issue back. With Mr. Clinton appar- 
ently prepared to endorse the reasonable 
“three times and you’re out” idea — life 
imprisonment for those convicted a third 

taking the crime issue away from the Repub- 
Democrats are as 

time of a violent felony — some Republicans 
are upping the ante lo “two times and you’re 
out." Soon, you will risk life in the slammer 
for even having on impure thought. 

The crime issue is tricky because the Dem- 
ocrats need lo show that they are tough with- 
out feeding a hysteria that will come back to 
haunt them. The polls on this should not be 
misread. The crime issue has risen to the top 
of the lists because people are genuinely wor- 
ried and also because many are now' much 
less worried about the economy. 

Crime is helping to fill what the pollsters 
call an “issue vacuum.” The Democrats can be 
dead serious about crime while avoiding the 
trap of implying chat evermore elaborate pun- 
ishments are all that is required The country 
sees no contradiction between being tough on 
criminals today and trying to keep kids from 
joining their ranks tomorrow. 

• Health and welfare reform. Those in the 
White House who suggested that Congress 
could not advance a health bill and welfare 
reform m the same year should be kicking 
themselves. The notion is wrong on its face, 
and it is coining back to bun health care. 

Ah. yes, say foes of Mr. Clinton's health 
bill, let’s do welfare reform this year and put 
off health care until after midterm elections 
that will, judging by history, weaken the 
Democrats in both houses — and thus dimin- 
ish the prospects for universal coverage. How 
did it come to this? 

Mr. Clinton absolutely has to do both. He 
should embrace this opportunity to highlight 
his favorite theme that you cannot discourage 
welfare dependency unless you reward work 
with decent pay — and health benefits. 

The asset that President Clinton most 
needs to preserve is his public image as a 
practical problem-solver whose word - on the 
issues is good. If he keeps that, he can weath- 
er a lot of distractions. But Mr. Barbour is 
right: If the counuy starts seeing Elmer Gan- 
tiy as the prototype of a certain articulate, 
enthusiastic policy maven. the Whitewater 
affair will become the least of the White. 
House's problems. 

The Washington Post. 

Don’t Get Comfortable 
Under This Volcano 

Bv David Reid 

B ERKELEY. California - 
Surveying the damage in Los 
Angdfc. BUI Clinton confessed to 
being amazed by the collapsed 
freeways and miio of damaged 
buddings. Like many forgetful na- 
tives ami startled visitors, he dis- 
covered the fcarfulnctt California 
can display — a combination of 
the sublime and the apocaKpuc 
sufficient to sharper, anyone's 
sense of an aiding 
Anything sublime is terrify :ng 
and anyone who lives in California 
must sometimes suspect a 


lion heyond the obvious ner.'een 
the sublimity of the landscape and 
the terrible events, natural disas- 
ter* and human calamities i: so 
often witness*,. 

Czeslaw Milosz, the Nobel 
Prizewinner in literature, ques- 
tioned in a J980 essay whether 
anybody belongs in California. 
Its spirit of place seem.- intolerant 
of mere mankind, he said. 

The sense of an ending that 
broods over the land, especially 
in Southern California, has pre- 
occupied the best California writ- 
ers. from Mark Twain to Jcua 
Didion, not to mention opinionat- 
ed tourists such as Henry James 
and Umberto Eco. Bui is this eerie 
sensation a property of the land, 
some combination of freakish 
weather and violent, mood;- ie.'io- 
gv that communicates itself? Or is 
it society, equally freakish, pro- 

jecting itself onto the landscape? 

Southern California, after all. is 
a vast polyglot citwuue depen- 
dent for its water, power and labor 
on a far-reaching infrastructural 
web whose fragility is only too 
2 pparenl. In wartime and in peace, 
through fires, earthquakes and ui- 
EnuiuC Southern California quick- 
ens what Henry James called “the 
imagination of disaster.” 

Lo> Angeles writers have spe- 
cialized in depicting Final Days. 

In ’“The Day of the Locust/* 
Nathan ad West imagines the city 
burning. Aldcius Huxley, m “Ape 
and Essence." irradiates iu In 
“Rubicon Beach.” Sieve Erickson 
floods LA., and in “Days Between 
Stations' he makes it a desen. 
Actual catastrophes tend to be 
correspondingly huge, furiher 
tightening Los Angeles'*. grip on 
public imagination. 

The rioting in April 1992 was 
the most violent civil unrest in the 
United States since the Manhattan 
draft riot of IS65. Fires went up in 
districts sea tiered throughout the 
432 square miles 1 1.100 square ki- 
lometers) of Los Angeles proper 
and beyond, from Long Batch to 
the San Fernando Valley. 

Disturbances on this scale are 
sometimes experienced as vast and 
arbitrary, like acts of God. al- 
though perhaps the tendency to 
pet the civil unrest of '92. the 
autumn fires of '*>3 and now the 
quake of '94 on a single continuum 
of disasters masks deeper social 
and political anxieties. 

it reminds one of the deserip- . 

Los Angeles de la Muerte. 

lion by Su*an Santas (North Hol- 
lywood High. '4>' i in “The Volca- 
no Lover" of the metaphorical 
force that the eruptions «*f Mc-uni 
Vesuvius acquired in l~$9: “Both 
to the revolution's partisans and to 
the homfied riding class of every 
European counuy no image for 
what was happening ut France 
seemed as apt as that of a volcano 
in action — violent convulsion, 
upheaval from below, and waves 
of lethal force that harrow and 
permanently alter the landscape.' 

Christopher Sherwood, that 
greatest of born-again Califor- 
nia novelists, said C alifomia was 
a tragic land, "like Palestine, like 
all Promised Lands.” 

He wrote that ns “real nature 
and the secret of its fascination” 

was an ‘Untamed. undomeMteal- 
ed. aloof, prehistoric land*>cape” 
that incessantly reminds the trav- 
eler of the circumstance*, of hi- 
brief stay on earth. “There is no 
home here." he imagines it .saying. 
“There is no security ut your man- 
sions nr your fortresses, your fam- 
ily vaults or your banks or your 
double beds. Understand this fact, 
and you will be free. Accept it. and 
you will he happy.” 

Cold comfort, perhaps, for the 
newly homeless or ev en the merely 
shaken up. But it promises to be a 
cold season in the Promised Land. 

The writer edited "SeX. Death 
and Cud in LA.." u odUxtont r.j 
t'tfuis. He Ktitrihuted this mni- 
mem to The Sew York Times 


Genetic GtndeJiues 

Regarding “ France Plans law to 
Bar Postmenopausal 

■ (Jan. 5) by Wuliam Drozi 

As on expert in gene manipula- 
tion and cloning, T strongly sup- 
port Dr. Jean-Lotus Beaumont’s 
concern about “an insidious drift 
toward genetic manipulation'’ of 
people. As it was pul decades ago 
about tbe successful development 
of nuclear power, the genie is out 
of tbe bottle. 

As to how this new power is 
used, it is our responsibility — - to 
the ^ture huntazuty and of our 
world. To avoid the threat of setf- 

■ destruction by genetic engineering, 
we must act now to establish strict 
gtridetirear for /resean*, devote^- 

A merii and application. • 


Hajpeoden, England 

The Inman F9e 

1 read with great interest your 
'coverage of Bobby Ray Imnan’s- 
attack oo the media in explaining 
his derision to turn down the 
nomination for U-S. defense sccre- 
‘ tary. Now that I haw seen a tran- 

script of what he said, he seems 
sensible and not at all hysterical. 

the way the American media 
deal with public figures seems to 
make it impossible for a person of 
strong character and honesty to 
seek high office. The aim scans 
to be to get a wimp elected, not to 
worry whether be or she has the 
qualities to lead the world’s great- 
est natioa. 

Unfortunately, our small coun- 
try always copies the bad as wdl as 
tbe goon from America, and we are 
already seeing this ghastly effect 
on political coverage here. 

1 have always defended a free 
press. Now, however, I sympathize 
with the French fear of American 
cultural invasion. 


Hie Demjanjuk Case 

An item in. your “Away Fran 
Politics” column oF Jan. 3 stated 
that the US. Justice Department 
has abandoned its contention that 
John Demjanjuk was one of the 
most barbaric Nazi figures of the 
Holocaust, but accuses him of be- 
ing a lesser war criminal and of 

bang an his immigration papers; 
the department says that it has 
moved to have him stripped of his 
U-S. citizenship and deported. 

Mr. Demjanjuk has endured 
nearly 17 years of prosecution, jail 
and a death sentence, because of 
what the U.S. 6th Circuit Court of 
Appeals has found to be fraudu- 
lent practices by the Justice De- 
partment's prosecutors, who “act- 
ed with reckless disregard for the 
truth” rU.S. Wrongfully Withheld 
Evidence on Demjanjuk, Appeals. 
Court Rules." Nov. 18). They 
claimed that Mr. Demjanjuk was 
the notorious “Ivan the Terrible,” 
despite evidence to the contrary 
in their possession. 

For this same Justice Depart- 
ment to oonrinue its pursuit of a 
man who has been die victim of its 
prosecutorial misconduct appears 
to be shockingly vindictive. The 
facts revealed in the decision of the 
appeals court strongly suggest that 
Mr. Demjanjuk is innocent 


Remembering Tip 

Americans living abroad should 
doff their hats in appreciation as 

theyread about the recently depart- 
ed Thomas (Tip) O’Neal {Ohmuuy. 
Jan. 7). whether they are Democrats 
or Republicans, because he was re- 
sponsible for the passage of legisla- 
tion that gave Americans abroad 
tbe right to vote. 

The legislation had been ap- 
proved in committee but bad not 
been brought to a vote and Con- 
gress was due to recess in two 
weeks. This would mean that the 
bill would be dropped and proba- 
bly abandoned. 

I know this because Democrats 
Abroad, of which 1 was chairman 
at the time, was active in getting 
the hallo! for Americans abroad. 
Americans soldiers and sailors 
overseas had the right lo vote, but 
not civilians. 

1 met Tip O’Neill at a conference 
and asked him to give the bill a 
rule, requiring that it be voted on 
by the close of Congress. He did so 
and the rest is history. 


Spielberg’s Critics 

Regarding "Just Not a Hollywood 
Subject " (Opinion, Jan. 4): 

1 find Frank Rich's article sur- 

prisingly manipulative and tniS 
circumstantial in scope. Fust, the 
movie “Schindler's List” is a mas- 
terpiece. Second . it does touch us 
ah — even Mr. Rich, who ‘cried at 
Mr. Spielberg’s graphic depiction 
of genocide anyway" t italics mine!. 
Which means Mr. Spielberg has 
done his job well. 

STARK, wethers. 

Esbly. France. 

Stone’s Critics 

Oliver Stone said of moviegoers 
who walked out of his latest film. 
“Heaven and Earth," that they 
were squeamish wimps because 
they objected to a torture scene: he 
asked “How can you deny life?” 
(People. Jan. 13). . 

Americans experience life-deni- 
al every day through violence by 
guns. Unexpected violent death 
sudks America, followed by pain 
and sorrow, on commuter trains 
and highways, in schools, offices, 
restaurants, playgrounds and front 
porches. No one is safe. 

If Americans are squeamish 
wimps when they refuse to stom- 
ach torture scenes in movies, it is 
not that they are denying life — 
they are affirming it 


Sympathy for Criminals 

Regarding “ Correctness in De- 
fense of Vengeance" ( Opinion, Jan. 
15) h\ Charles Krauthammer: 

Mr. Krauthammer's condemna- 
tion of those he believes guilty of 
the crime of revenge is precise and 
well-argued, but useless. He identi- 
fies sympathy for criminals who 
had been victims because of their 
states of ntind when the crime oc- 
curred as political correctness. He 
minimizes the crimes committed 
against these former victims, and 
their poweriessness in the face of 
the victimization. 

Courts must distinguish between 
those who attempt to use ihe ap- 
pearance of abuse to commit 
crimes and those who are true vic- 
tims. Unfortunately, this process 
furiher victimizes the victim. 

American society continues to 
try to deaj with the effects of past 
extreme power imbalances las be- 

tween racesj and existing ones t be- 
tween men and women, or parents 
and children). These are areas 
where protection against the tyran- 
ny of power is insufficient. It i> not 
a question of political correctness. 

Perhaps Mr. Krauthammer 
would be more empathic if he could 
experience the powerlessness these 
victims feel. 


Letters intended jar puhhi anmi 
should be addressed “ Letters >» the 
Editor * and a*uain the writers sig- 
nature, tmu and full address Liters 
shuuU he bnef and are sufyect r« 
editing. BV towur he responsible />* 
the return i*f unsolicited mamatnyi;. 


University of Maryland 
University College 

Schwiibisch Gmiind> Germany 

TRE: Ttie R em aking of a 
20th-Centarf Legend 

By Kate Fullbrook and Edward 
Fullbrook. 214 pages. S2S. Basic 

Reviewed by 
Mich&o Kakutani 

T HE body of existing literature 
about the lives of Jean-Paul 
Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir is 
already voluminous. There are the 
writers’ own copious memoirs, nov- 
els, letters and diaries, of course, as 
well as an outpouring of recent bi- 
ographies, by Annie Cohen-SoJal 
{“Sartre: A Life"), Ronald Hay- 
'man (“Sartre: A Life"), Defrta 
• Bair (“Simone de Beauvoir A Bi- 
ography”) and Margaret Cropland 
.(^Simone de Beauvoir: Tbe Wom- 
■ an and Ho* Work"). 

• As more and more information 
. has become available, the myth sur- 
rounding die couple's relationship 
has undergone a process of revt- 
‘ sion, even as tbe autobtqgrapbicai 
sources of their work have become 
. increasingly dear. 

, It’s noTonger posable to see tbe 
’ relationship between the pope of 
ntistentialism” and the grand- 
mother of feminism as a 
bohemian paradigm of intdlrctual 
nnrf sexual passion; their cetebrai- 
,ed “pact” — pledging “essential 


• Maurice Dartefby, president 
erf Brcnlano's bookstore in Paris, is 
reading “The Bridges of Madison 
County ” by Robert James Waller. 

“I ‘love reading books about 
women around 40. which is the 
most sensitive time of life! And it 
has been on the best-seller list for 
76 weeks, and as a bookseller, 1 felt 
obliged to read it." 

(llise Cersten, JHT) 

love” to one another, while retain- 
ing the right to cany on “contin- 
gent love affairs” on the side — has 
proven to be riddled whb decep- 
tion and emotioned pain- 
Recent books have depicted Sar- 
tre as an egotistical and controlling 
lover who tormented Beauvoir with 
his romances with younger women. 

In some tellings, Beauvoir 
emeargfis as a a equally promiscuous 
partner, willful calculating and 
coW- hearted; in attics, she cranes 
across as a long-suffering intellectu- 
al nursemaid to a sdf-procUtimed 
genius, a woman, in the words of her 
biographer Margaret Cxodand. who 
“wanted at all costs tokeqj Sartre as 
her partner" and in order to do so 
felt she “bad to accept everything 
that he said, wrote and dkL” 

In ihe latest book to appear 
about Sartre and Beauvoir, the hus- 

band-and-wife team Edward and 
Kate Fullbrook — he is a free-lance 
writer, she is head of literary stud- 
ies at the University of the West of 
England — attempt to dismantle 
tbe very core of the couple’s legend, 
arguing that Beauvoir, nor Sartre, 
“was always the driving intellectual 
power in the joint development of 
the couple's most influential 

In “Simone de Beauvoir and 
Jean-Paul Sartre: The Remaking of 
a 20th-Century Legend,” the Full- 
brooks contend that Beauvoir, not 
Sartre, initially insisted on the 
“contingency” clause in their pact, 
in older to pursue her own sexual 
liaisons. They contend that Beau- 
voir spent years laying “false trails 
about herself. Sartre and their 
friends" in order to mold “their 
lives into classic narrative patterns 


“ By Alan Truscott . 

a player who does someihitiS 
-A. tricky at the bridge table; and 
‘to finds xbathehasbcmb^^ 

for a totally unpredictable reason, 

faces an interesting ethicrf prob- 
lem. Should he claim that be knew 
.exactly wbai would n*PPj n ; 
Should he admit lhatti was ® a 
surprise to him? Or should 
. ifceFifth Amendment, refusing » 
•commit himself? , 

. An example is the .diag^ 
deaL which was the krt ffiibe op^- 
Jtmifmll » *c 

no trouble in ma^four^P^. 

After a routine dob lead, South can 

throw a -heart loser on dummy’s 
dub ace and succeed with h'ttie 
difficulty. , , . , _ „ 

But Lany Cohen of bide Falls. 

New Jersey, produced the heart ten 

from ibe West hand, hardly an ob- 
vious play nto beans was North’s 
- original suit Tie result was gratify- 
ing: His partner won with the ace 
and returned the queen. He over- 
look with the king and played a 
third round to give his partner the 
decisive niff. 

■ThtsleadgaiDcd 13 imps, but did 
not affect tbe result of the match: 
Cohen's team was already in a deep 
hole. But if it had been selected by 
a Chicago player at another table it 
would lave defeated the team that 
won the playoffs. 

‘DidrCpheo. foresee the impact of 
Instead? Or was be hoping to dis-. 
courage a finesse if the A-Q of 

hearts showed up in the dummy? 
What, if anything, would you say if 
you were Cohen? He's not taBting- 


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vest east 

w»« *107 6* 


0 3 932 iJf7f a 

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North and South were vulnerable. 

South W^t 

ii rr it ss. 

•ass Pass 

West led the heart uae. 

that would make sense to their mul- 
titude of unknown followers.” 

And perhaps most startling of 
aU, they contend that the major 
ideas behind Sartre’s masterworic, 
“Being and Nothingness," were 
laid out by Beauvoir in her roman a 
clef “She Came to Stay" and were 
freely appropriated by Same, who 
had read portions of the book in 
manuscript. “When, in ’Being and, 
Nothingness,’ Sartre adapted 
Beauvoir's method to the essay." 
tbe FuJIbrooks write, “the differ- 
ence was only a change in emphasis 
from the concrete to the abstract, 
ihe introduction of an extensive 1 
jargon and tbe imposition of a 
great deal of rhetoric.” 

Tbe evidence the Fullbrooks pre- 
sent to prove this supposed act of 
philosophical theft is decidedly 
spotty at best. They make no effort 
to situate “Beina and Nothingness” 
in context with Sartre's readings in 
Heidegger and Husserl, or with hi? 
own earlier writings, and they com- 
pletely ignore the many autobio- 
graphical echoes in the text In- 
stead. their strategy is to uy to; 
inflate tbe philosophical import of 
Beauvoir's novel to ludicrous pro- 

Did Beauvoir, who insisted to. 
the end that she had had no influ- 
ence on Sartre’s philosophy, truly 
intend such readings? It's possible, 
of course, but then it's also possible 
for someone bent on finding such 
meanings to discover a version of 
them in almost any given texL 

Another major problem with this 
volume is that the Fullbrooks never 
advance a convincing argument for 
what they see as Beauvoir's calcu- 
lated decision to conceal her pivot- 
al role in Sartre's work. In the 
coarse of this lax, messy book, they 
suggest that women have never 
been taken seriously by the philos- 
ophy establishment, that Beauvoir j 

ht have been upset by the reac- 
tion to “The Second Sex" and 
wanted |o plav down her own femi- 
nist achievements, that she might 
have decided to glorify Sartre and 
diminish her own skills in order to 
curry favor with a wider audience. 

None of these hypotheses make 

much sense, gwsn both Sartre’s and 

Beauvoir’s adversarial stance to- 
ward the bourgeoisie- None of 
them explain why the author of 
“Tbe Second Sex" — a seminal 
study on the oppression of women 
— would so deliberately conspire 
to bide her own achievements. 

hfidtiko Kakutatd is on the staff 
of The New York Taws. 


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Page 8 



Threat to Fertility? 
Estrogen as Pollutant 

Chemicals Mimic Female Hormone 


' cancer, -the riKssMlericSy 

on homal skin and about 3 Q pencer* df #te tJ toasto 

m i •■ IT m. I ^ calmriSdrco 

By Rick Weiss 

Washingien Past Senior 

dde sprayed on food crops in the United States. 
(DDE is also the major breakdown product of 


ASH1NGT0N — In Florida, a 
wildlife biologist wonders why al- 

ligator eggs are failing to hatch, 
W V and why so many male alligators 
have abnormally small p hall uses. 

In Denmark.' an endocrinoiogisi finds that 
sperm counts in men have fallen drastically 
worldwide during the past five decades while 
the number of testicular cancers has tripled. 

In Boston, a cell biologist can't figure out 
why her experiments with breast-cancer cells 
have suddenly stopped working. 

These observations may seem unrelated, but a 
growing number of researchers suspect they are 

part of an emerging global problem. Scientists 
knew that certain industrial compounds, pesti- 
cides and plastics that mimic the female hor- 
. mone estrogen are making their way into food 
and water supplies. The concern is that these 
estrogen-like pollutants may be causing turmoil 
in human and animal reproductive systems. 

Health officials are quick to caution that no 
research has proved a direct cause-and-effeci 
link between reproductive problems in people 
and these estrogen- mimicking chemicals — 
many of which are now ubiquitous in the envi- 
ronment. Bui laboratory experiments, wildlife 
.surveys and human studies offer circumstantial 
evidence that environmental estrogens pose a 
hazard, and several federal agencies are taking 
the issue seriously. 

“What we know is that there are many chem- 
icals. including some in the environment, that 
can work like female sex hormones.” said Dr. 
John A. McLachlan. chief of the laboratory of 
reproductive and developmental toxicology at 
the National Institute of Environmental Health 
Sciences. "Some are weak estrogens, and others 
are strong." 

This month the institute, a branch of the 
National Institutes of Health, sponsored a ma- 
jor conference on environmental estrogens that 
drew representatives from the Food and Drug 
Administration, the Environmental Protection 
Agency and the Fish and WQdlife Service, 
along with 300 cancer researchers, wildlife biol- 
ogists and physicians from around the world 

Federal officials said that if the evidence 
becomes convincing that environmental estro- 
gens do pose a health hazard, (hen agencies 
such as the EPA will have to develop new 
rcgulations to minimize people's exposure to 
the offending compounds. 

But fingering the culprits will he difficult 
because the chemical family of estrogens is so 
diverse. Some variants are so potent (hat mi- 
nuscule doses have more of an effect than much 
bigger doses of weaker estrogens Estrogens 
also have different effects on fetuses than on 
adults, in addition, scientists said, there may be 
‘ ■“good" estrogens and “had" estrogens in the 
environment, with good estrogens actually pro- 
tecting against cancer. 

DDT. the insecticide that was banned in the 
United States in 1972 but is still in wide use 
around the world). 

• So-called nonvlphenols and related aim- 
pounds found in spermicides, hair coloring 
products and other toiletries. 

• Polychlorinated biphenyls, a family of 
chlonne-eontaining industrial compounds, no 
longer made in the United States but son in use. 
that have become widespread contaminants in 
food and water and are commonly found in 
human fat tissue and breast milk. 

• Endosulfan. a pesticide used on vegetables. 

• Bis-phenol-A. a breakdown product of 
polycarbonate plastics, from which many plas- 
tic water jugs and baby bottles are made. 

These and related compounds can elbow 
their way into cells or the reproductive tracts in 
fetuses and adults. They attach themselves to 
molecular receptors, a kind of docking site in 
cells, that are normally reserved for estrogen. 

Some scientists think they're already seeing 
effects in humans, the Danish endocrinologist 
Dr. Niels E Skakkebaek suspects environmental 
estrogens can explain the curious finding he 
made in 1992. when he did a 21-country study of 
semen quality in men. By analyzing records 
collected over a 50-year period, he and his col- 
leagues documented' a 50 percent, drop in sperm 
counts worldwide between 1938 and 1991. 

At the same time, he and others have found, 
the incidence of testicular cancer and other 
congenital malformations of the testes and pe- 
nis have climbed steadily. In the United States, 
testicular cancer has increased about 50 percent 
in the past 20 years alone, according to the 
American Cancer Society. 

- St®eriicial 
1 ■ spreading . . 
.: melanoma 

Ot'iHribSv . 

" Modular ' 

‘afi ":?T -i .* n 

• i i " . ‘ V i 

,A(^ fertSgirtous ' ; pa^;-sote^;^s jp&c 

melanoma - ■ , an d tbefror riMLk^us^meriifeifiiBa; =J • ■ v „ 

■ r. \TC r 

. Lentigo maligna A large browftistvspot speef^V^ 

' melanoma ' esperfa^'tatteiayftrajjpc^^ 

sows* -Utvo came Fa#*r Heath Bo^'&kwtxi} ' •; 

■ ‘ ‘ ■■•••“ : -i 

A Steady tocreas&yih v : 

Cases per 100,000 ' 


I Black* > 


1973 1974 1975 1976. 1977 1978 1979 

Scurx; Amertom Carver Seemly 

The New York Time* 

S CIENTISTS have known for decades 
that the sex hormone estrogen helps 
stimulate the development of male 
and female sexual organs in the fetus' 
and later orchestrates the reproductive cycle in 
women. They have also known that some drags 
and men some industrial chemicals can mimic 
estrogen's effects on the body, and that high 
doses of these compounds can have profound 
consequences on health. 

The classic example is dieihyistilbesirol, or 
DES. The estrogen-like drug was administered 
to millions of pregnant women between 1948 
and 1971 to prevent spontaneous abortions. 
But it upset the delicate hormonal balance in 
the womb and ended up causing genital defects 
in many of the women’s children, including 
vaginal deformities in girls and undescended 
testicles and abnormally small peoises in boys. 

In (he past decade, scientists have found that 
the number of environmental contaminants 
with estrogen-like properties is much greater 
than they had imagined. The list includes: 

• DDE, a contaminant in dicofoL an insecti- 

I N a scientific paper published last year. 
Dr. Skakkebaek and Dr. Richard M. 
Sharpe of the Center for Reproductive 
Biology in Edinburgh proposed that both 
trends arc the result of maternal exposure to 
environmental estrogens during pregnancy. 
The contaminants, they suggest, affect the early 
development of sex organs in male fetuses. 

The hypothesis, though not proved; is plausi- 
ble. said several researches at the conference. A 
number of epidemiological studies have shown a 
link between exposure to estrogen pollutants and 
higher rales of reproductive problems. 

Men are not the only ones whose reproduc- 
tive systems may suffer from exposure to estro- 
gen mimics. Researchers are also concerned 
these compounds' may play a role in the prob- 
lem of endometriosis' a painful overgrowth of 
□lenne tissue that affects an estimated 5 million 
women in the United States and can cause 
fertility problems. 

Animal research provides some support for 
this view. A recent study in monkeys, for exam- 
ple. suggests (bat the esfroeen-Ixke chemical 
dioxin can cause endometriosis. Dr. Sherry E 
Rier of the University of South Florida College 
of Medicine and her colleagues reported last 
ve3r that rhesus monkeys exposed lo high doses 
of dioxin had significantly higher rates of endo- 
metriosis than unexposed monkeys. 

The odds of having the syndrome were pro- 
portional to the dioxin doses they received. But 
scientists said (hey did nol know how to com- 
pare (he short-term high-dose exposures in 
monkeys to the long-term low-dose exposures 
typically seen in people. 

In another development, German researchers 
recently found that women with endometriosis 
were more likely than their healthy counterparts 
to have elevated levels of PCBs in their blood. 

“We've wondered for a long time why there 
seems to be such a huge increase in the number 
of women with endometriosis." said Maiy Lou 
Baliweg, president of the Milwaukee-based En- 
dometriosis Association. “The theories relating 
lo hormonally active chemicals, plus our own 
scientific work, seem to provide a possible an- 
swer to the conundrum. But if it is the answer, 
it’s a frightening answer, because it's not just a 
nightmare for this generation but for succeed- 
ing generations as well." 

Sunscreen Effectiveness Questioned 

By Gina Kolata 

tVete K.vvl Times Senure 

EW YORK. — A new study using 
mice has raised questions about 
whether sunscreens can protect 
against melanoma, the deadliest of all 
skin cancers. At the same time, experts are asking 
what it is about sun exposure that increases the 
chances rfiat people will get melanoma and an 

re-examining strategies for protection. 
In the new studv. while su merer 

In the new study, while sunscreens were 
found to protect mice from sunburn, they had 
no effect against melanoma. 

The study, by Dr. Peter Wolf. Dr. Cherrie K. 
Donawho and Dr. Margaret L Kripke at the 
M. D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, 
was published in The Journal of the National 
Cancer Institute. 

In an interview. Dr. Donawho said the re- 
searchers were surprised by the finding. They 
and others cautioned against directly applying 
the results to people, but added that the discov- 
ery yielded another puzzling piece of scientific 
evidence about this disease. 

“It challenges us to look at exactly what sun- 
light is doing what part of sunlight, what are the 
exposures that are necessary." said Dr. Howard 
Koh, a dermatologist and oncologist at Boston 
University School of Medicine, who wrote an 
editorial accompanying the paper. “It could be 
that preventing sunburn is nol enough, although 
that is a very cautious conclusion because this 
was an animal and not a human study." 

In their study, the researchers went so far as 
to suggest that the use of sunscreens might 
actually increase a person’s risk of developing 
melanoma: “Sunscreen protection against UV 
radiation-induced inflammation may encour- 
age prolonged exposure to UV radiation and 
thus may actually increase the risk of melano- 
ma development,” 

The number of Americans diagnosed with 
melanoma, a cancer of the melanocytes, or 
pigmented cells erf the skin, has increased 
steadily for decades. The American Cancer So- 
ciety estimates that there will be 32.000 new 
cases of melanoma diagnosed in 1994. 

According to the cancer society, the incidence 
of melanoma has grown by about 4 percent each 
year since 1971 Dr. Alan Houghton, a melano- 
ma researcher al Memorial Skxm-Keuoing 
Cancer Center in New York, said the increase 
began 60 years ago. Connecticut, which has the 
oldest tumor registry in the United Stales, shows 
the melanoma incidence doubling every 10 to 12 
years since 1934, Dr. Houghton said. 

It may be that the rising incidence is an 
artifact of increased awareness of the disease, 
leading to increased diagnosis, said Dr. Jean 
Boiognia. a dermatologist and melanoma spe- 
cialist at Yale University School of Medicine in 
New Haven. She said that not all melanomas 
grow quickly and that some may take years, or 
even decades, before they are life-threatening. 
So a greater awareness of the disease on the pan 
of doctors and the public may lead to better 
reporting ofiL 

It also may be that Americans who spent years 
or decades rushing out into the sun on weekends 
and holidays are now paying the price. 

But that gives rise to several pressn® ques- 
tions. What is U about sun exposure that in- 
creases the risk of melanoma? Is -it simply being 
out in the sun? Is it sunburns? Is it sun exposure 
early in life? Or is it cumulative sun damage that 

that tbe risk of these cancers rises in direct 
proportion to the amoant of time people spend 
m the sun. Bui no such direct and incontrovert- 
ible relationship with cumulative sun exposure 
has been found for melanoma. 

In addition. Dr. Houghton said, there is, 
molecular evidence that sunlight causes basal' 
cell and squamous cell carcinomas, but such 
evidence is lacking for melanomas. 

Squamous and basal ceU cancer cells tend to 
cany a mutated form of a cancer gene, p53, and 
tbe mutation is one caused by ultraviolet light. 
Therefore, the cancers carry a fingerprint of sun 
exposure; Dr. Houghton said In contrast, be 
said, “melanomas do not cany very many p53 
mutations and when they do occur there is no 
fingerprint for ultraviolet light." Dr. Houghton 
and outers «w»rfiide dial sunlig ht is more likely 
to have an indirect effect on melanomas, other 
by suppressing the immunti system and mating' 
it easier for melanomas to grow or by causing 
an inflammation that triggers tbe cancer’s 

Iffflk May Counter Effects 
Of Coffee In Osteoporosis 

NEW YORK (NYT) — Women who drink 
at least one glass of raffle each day throughout 
their adult lives can largely counter the bone- 
thiiming effects of a lifetime of coffee drinking, 
according to a new study of 980 women past 

The study, conducted by 1>- Hkabeth. Bar- 
rett-Connor and colleagues at the University of 
California at San Diego, showed that in women 

who do not -drink milk, a lifetime habit of 
drinking as little as two cups a day of coffee 
containing caffeine results in a significant de- 
cline in bone density as they get older. 

Such a decline, the hallmark of osteoporosis, 
which is epidemic among older women, can 
place them at risk of suffering debilitating and 
sometimes life-threatening fractures. Previous 
~ studies involving many thousands of women 
hare linked coffee drinking to an increased risk 
of hip fractures. 

Tire new finding, published m The Journal 
of the American Medical Association, also 
strongly suggests that increasing calcmm-mtake 
through supplements in middle age or beyond 
is not adequate to offset tbe booe loss induced 
by a lifetime of coffee drinking. Rather, it 
appears that the effects of coffee drinking on 
booe must be countered by appropr ia te calcium 
intake throughout life. 

P EOPLE with a family history of mela- 
noma .'are at high' risk — - 5 io TO 
percent of melanoma patients have a 
dose family member with the disease, 
Dr. Houghton said. People who have had, a 
melanoma have an increased risk of twofold to 
tenfold of getting another one. People with 
large numbers of mote, more than 100, are at 
increased risk, as wdL And although those who 
tan easily are al (ower-tfaan-average risk, Dr. 
Houghton said, the risk to fair-skinned people 
is not necessarily above average. 

Dr. Koh explained that even though the 
mouse studies are provocative; they are not 
proof that sunscreens are useless in preventing 
melanoma in humans. But, he said, people also 
should wear hats and protective clothing and 
stay in the shade when the sun is at its peak, 
from late morning to early afternoon, particu- 
larly if they have other risk factors for the 

• Dr. Boiognia stressed that she does not ad- 
vise anyone, even those at highest risk; “to . 
become hermits." She added, “I try to get 
-people to go outside, but to use sun sense.” 

builds as the years go by? A variety of studies 
over the years have yielded “abundant rircau- 
stantial evidence that UV light ‘causes' melano- 
ma," as an editorial accompanying the study 
points oul But “than is little understanding of 
the precise Twrhanisms of initiation, promotion, 
biologically effective dose" or what happens in 
the period between exposure and development of 

Melanoma experts said that it has proved 
ttraordinarilY difficult to unravel the raatioa- 

extraordinarily difficult to unravel the relation- 
ship between sun exposure and melanoma and 
that io this respect melanoma research stands in 
stark contrast to the well-established findings 
tying sun exposure to less deadly skin cancers, 
tbe basal ana squamous cell carcinomas. 

These are slow-growing cancers that often 
occur in old people and that are easQy cured if 
they are removed before they spread. The can- 
cers appear oa sun-exposed skin, like the nose 
or cheeks. And studies have consistently found' 

No one knows how many people have con- 
tracted TB at wort But surveys of industries 
and job sites have alerted the government to 
particular problems, from city motgue techni- 
cians in lianas to shipyard workers in Bath. 



i Beckoned 
S Arroyo 
BEdiin Evans, 


ia Travel writer 

IS Enthralled 
ie Stan ola quip 

19 - was 


20 "Women Who 
Run Wilh the 
Waive;* auihor 

21 Appearance 

22 Stipple 

23 Rent our 

24 Quip, part 2 

33 Punts, e.g. 

34 Out of place 

35 ‘Bleafr House" 

36 Moons 

37 TV adders 

38 Court score 

Solution In Puzzle of Jan. 26 

□□□ HdOniB HQQ 
IcjDHm □aaaQanaaa 
QtiinaQET aaacin 
□nail acinaaaaaa 
qodhiiq aaa 
Henna aaaaan nan 
□hqq □!!□□□ anaa 
ana sniaans aaaa 
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Liuaaa donaaa 
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Boon □□aaa aaaia 
bids asaao ana 

39 1959 Kingston 
Trio h't 

40 nous 

41 m reserve 

42 Quip, pan 3 

45 Slable particle 

46 Super Bowl QB 

47 -Kenilworth" 
50 ‘Luck and 
PlucV" wruet 
53 As well 
56 End ol the quip 
s a A Guthrie 

60 Marshal 

61 Other 

62 Jim Morrisor, 


S3 Nanny, perhaps 
64 Home bodies ? 

1 Kind ot star 

2 Comments to a 

3 Halt of sechs 

4 High ways" 

s Bulb measure 

6 Court V l P 

7 Tunisian rulers, 

8 Theory 
« Lennon's last 
home, wilh 

10 Exchange 

11 One of 
Chaucer 5 


12 Hash- house 

14 Horizon, maybe 

17 Persian cues 

18 Bright -eyed and 

22 Silen l spring 

23 More than snips 

24 Fnghtful force 

25 (t comes from 
the hean 

26 Capital on the 
Bou Regreg 

27 Reacn in total 

28 Vast, m the past 

29 Name on a 

so Point o» 

greatest despair 

31 Order 

32 Decreases 
37 Puzzle 

36 Betimes 

*s yVw Yari. Timex Edited hv Will Shorts 

Paying Up on Your Sleep Debts 

By Jane E Brody 

.'cm- York Times Sernce 

EW YORK — One friend tells me be 
needs at least eight horns of sleep' 
each night to avoid feeling “dead 
tired" the next day. Another says 
that if she gets more than six hours a night rite 
wakes up “feeling like a lead balloon." 

How do you know bow much sleep is the 
right amount and how can you adjust your 
sleqp schedule if you fail to get enough sleep 
now and then, or oight after night? 

Researchers have a fancy way of judging how 
sleepy a person is at various times of the day 
and flight. Called the multiple sleep-latency 
test, it involves an assessment in a sleep lab of 

in a sleep laboratory, without any ores about 
day and night or alarm to arouse than, they will 
often sleep for as many as 16 out erf every 24 
hours for days on end until they “catch up" on 
lost deep and gradually revert to a more normal . 
sleep period of about right hours. 

Dr. James Maas, a psychology professor and 
sleep researcher at Cornell University, suggests 
this self-test: “If a warm room, heavy meal 
boring lecture or meeting or a tow dose of 
alcohol makes you drowsy, you are sleep-de- 
prived. A well-rested person will become bored, 
annoyed, restless or fidgety, but nol sleepy, 
under such circumstances." 

how long it takes a person to fall asleep at two- 
hour intervals. Such studies show that people 

Puott hi EMv JvgvtMn 

40 Woman with a 

41 'Siegfned "eg 

43 Lusting after 

44 Thomas Gray 

47 A hemng 

46 Uacfcereliire f-sT: 

48 Ibsen ^ s nome 
90 Farming preii* 
si Turhisn mcne? 
52 Backbiter? 

53 PrQfi. with port 
Or play 

54 Drying oven 

55 Hugo works 
57 Piano tune 
sa Upon 

hour intervals. Such studies show that people 
generally have two especially sleepy times: at 
what most people think of as bedtime, around 
10 P. M to 12 A. M- and in midafternoon, 
around 2 to 4 P. M. 

They also show that a fully rested person will 
not fall asleep within 20 minutes at any test 
session during tbe day, whereas a sleep-de- 
prived person will fall asleep in three or four 
minutes at every session. h»i as do people with 
the sleep disorders narcolepsy and sleep apnea. 

.And when people who are sleep-deprived live 

Experts estimate that 100 million Americans 
maintain a serious sleep debt by failing, night 
after night, to get enough sleep. They also say 
that most step-deprived people do not realize 
just how prone to failing asleep at tbe drop of a 
hat they really are. . 

In a study by Dr. Thomas Roth at.Henry 
Ford Hospital in Detroit, 100 young adults' 
were given a multiple sleep-latency test Thkty- 

were given a multiple sleep-latency test Tldrty- 
four percept of those who aid they never got 
sleepy during the day p er fo r med like a person 

sleepy during the day p er fo r med like a person 
with sleep apnea. 

Dr. Maas, who produced “Sleqp Alert,” a 
film on sleep deprivation for public television, 
gives these nhddines for good sleep: 

• Know bow mudi sleep you need. Most 

I R O M A N O 1 HER I S N O 



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U.s. Doctors Soek to Block 
Narcotic LoUlpops’ Approval 

WASHINGTON (NYT) -A group o f 
MB has asked ibe U.S. jpamam MO W« * 
Sul approval of a narcotic loUipopuuaided to 
calm children before surgery. 

The lollipop, made by Abbott Laboratories 
under the trade name Oralet, twsgnen tot* 
live approval by the Food and Drag Adnnms- 
tratiX in October. Doctors primes have 
trouble getting frightened cbildrcn to calm 
dowaterorc sargsy and teeci (hem withttw- 
a iBfag s or opiates. Seardung for a less pamfttl 
way to calm children, a group of pediatnaans 

came up with the idea of a loUqjop 

loaded with feritanyl a potent opiate. 

But a handful of doctors, led by the Dr. 
Sidney Wolfe of the Public Otnen Health Ite- 
search Group, sent a petition Tues day ^ the 
U. S. Food and Dn® Adannistrahon seamglo 
bkxk final approval of the lotiipop. They m- 
gned that fentanyl was too dangerous for chil- 
dren and that the lollipop could generate new 
problems for doctors; . 

The Drag Enforcement Administration has 
already protested tbe tentative approval, of the 
lollipop, noting that fentanyl taken by injection 
is already among the most popular drags of 
abuse among doctors. In Angust the drug agsa- 
cy said in a hater to the FDA tbat the lollipop 
a significant potottia! for abuse. 

The Food and Drug Administration is asking 
Abbott to set up a training program to ensure 
that anyone using die loBjpcp is trained m its 
dangers and its proper use. 


Doctors, nurses and other hea&h jnofessumr 
ab who deal directly with tuberculosis patients 
-are especially at nsk. A 1992 survey of 758 
hospitals naboowide by the Federal Centers for 
Disease Cootrohand Prevention in Atlanta and 
the American Hospital Association found that 
91 hospitals reported employees who had tu- 
berculosis. . 


Tubarculoste Being Viewed 
.Am Worfc-ffteleted P r o b l em 

WASHINGTON (NYT) — U. S. health of- 
fictab. alamed .by the growing number of 
tuberadoas cases contracted an- the job, are 
increasingiy ' treating tire , disease as a work 
problem. . . •• • . 

“The presence of tuberculous in.the work- 
place poses a significant risk to workers," said 
Joseph Dear, the head of the Occupational 
Safety and Health Administration. “In just two 
years, we're aware of 10 worker deaths from 
toberontosiSL Ten in two years is cause for 


"H \)ruz 

people go. only seven hours of gleq> each night 
- bat need eight to eight and a half hoars. Lf you 
are stepy during the day. yon are not sleeping 
enough at night > 

eed^^km ^^PQ^tinoo us^b lock. People 

broken by fiapjent awakemngs leaves propte 
imrested zm /hatter bow tong they spend m bed. 
. • Go to deep at the same time every night 
and wake up at tbe same time eadi morning. 
“You sbodd never need an alarm dock to wake 
up.” Dr. Maas insists, unless, of course, you 
have to catch a ray early fli ght 

• Get daily physical exercise, which results in 
more restful deep step and also decreases your 
total sleep need a little. But Dr. Maas cannoned 
against exercising within three hoars of bed- 
time, because exercise increases alertness and 
inhibits the ability to fall asleep. He said tbe 
best time to exercise to induce restful sleep was 
between noon and 6 P. M. . 

If you have frequent or periodic insomnia as 
one in three people does on any given nj g ht , 
lake a hot bath before bd, read a boot for 
pleasure, write your worries- down and leave 
Yonr notes on the nJgbtaand, and be sure your 
, bedroom is gaiet, da/frand cooL Jf you toss and 
turn for more than 20 minutes at bedtime or 
dining the night; get out ofbed and do some- 
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International Herald Tribune, Thursday. January J" 1994 

Page 9 

THE TRIB INDEX: 114.8311 

Herald Tribune World Stock index'd, composed of 
280 intemsflonafty investable Stocks from 25 countries, compfied 
by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1 , 1992 « 100. 
i2o _ - : 


Appro, weighing: 3?% 
CJoStt 125-07 Pw- 123 03 



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Oosa 11 639 Prey: 11655 


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A S O N D J 



1993 1994 

I North America 

Latin America 1 

Appro*, wlghflng: 26% 



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Close: 98.33 Pffiw- 98.03 

CkSR 13930 Pnv; 140.17 ESS 

The Max tracks U S. dotar varies of stocka in: Tokyo, Naw YoHt, London, and 
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Franco, Germany, Hong Kong, Mr, Mexico. fMtwtexe, Ham Zaataod, Norway. 
Singapore, Spain, S wede n . Swttw ria nd and Vanatud*. For Tokyo, Nam York and 
London, the Mar is composed c/tha SO top Issues tn terns ot market capttateadon, 
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1 industrial Sectors ! 

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Far rrnm Morm^on about the Mex. a bookieta axaSaUo free of dtame. 

Write to Ttto Index, m Avow Oates da Go*a,S2521 NeuttyXtetot, France. 


Over Pay 


FRANKFURT — Germany's 
largest union, the powerful IG Me- 
tau, said Wednesday ihai metal- 
working firms across Germany 
would be hit by walkouts starting 
Monday, and it accused employers 
of trying to begin a major battle 
over pay this year. 

The onion's claim for a pay raise 
of up to 6 percent has been coun- 
tered by employers’ calls for a wage 
freeze and cutbacks on certain 
benefits, such as vacation bonuses. 

Waller Ricster. IG Metall's dep- 
uty president, said in Berlin that 
some employers seemed deter- 
mined “to push this country into a 
major conflict." 

Talks in all of the union’s negoti- 
ating regions broke up this week 
with no progress made and no new' 
dates set for talks. 

Mr. Riester said the strikes 
would initially be aimed at placing 
mild pressure' on the employers to 
make a more generous pay offer. 
He firmly rejected calls for longer 
working hours and said the union 
would sot agree to pay cuts. 

Angry at employers’ attempts to 
cut back pay and benefits —which 
the union says would mean a loss of 
income of 10 percent, adjusted for 
inflation — the union has threat- 
ened that the token strikes will in- 
volve huge numbers of waiters 
throughout Germany. 

Union sources said that is the 
initial, tokeoaction, workers would 
take longer breaks than usual 
down tools for a couple of hours at 
a time and bold demonstrations. 
The scale would be stepped up as 
the union assessed the level of sup- 
port among their members. 

Mr. Riester warned that a four- 
to-six-week strike in 1994, when the 
economy is just starting a fragile 
recovery from its worst postwar re- 
cession, could push many compa- 
nies out of business. 

Both sides said privately that 
they expected more talks before the 
action could escalate into the “ma- 
jor conflict'* threatened by IG Mc- 
tall— a full-blown strike across the 
metalworking sector. 

Turner to Take On Asia 

New Horizons for Cartoon Network 

Cmxpded hi Chw Staff From Dispatches. 

HONG KONG — Turner Broadcasting System 
Inc. said Wednesday that it planned u> beam its 
TNT movie service and Cartoon Network to Asia 
24 hours a day via satellite sorting in the fourth 
quarter of 1994. 

Segments of the English-language programs will 
be subtitled and dubbed in Mandarin and Thai, it 
said, detailing plans to increase (he number of 
dubbed segments and to provide shows m other 
. Asian languages as well. 

The U-S. broadcaster already provides its CNN 
International news programming to much of Asia 
via satellite and coble. Bui more than ever, the 
launching brings it head-to-head with Rupert 
Murdoch's Hong Kong-based STAR TV. which 
airs four channels of English-language news, 
sports, music and entertainment programming, 
and has one channel in Chinese and one in Hindi. 

Turner has undertaken the challenge to STAR in 
partnership with other broadcasters, including 
ESPN Asia. Discovery Communications Inc.. 
Tune Warner Entertainment Co.. Viacom Interna- 
tional and TVB International. 

“The success of our entertainment networks in 
the U.S„ Europe and Latin America has prompted 
us to bring TNT and Cartoon Netw ork to the .Asia 
Pacific region." said Ted Turner, chairman and 
president. “The launch of this service is the next 
step in our plan to provide viewers worldwide with 
Turner’s quality entertainment programming 24 
hours a day." 

The Cartoon Network is to air 14 hours of 
animation daily, followed by 10 hours of Holly- 
wood films from TNT. supported by advertising 
and distribution revenues. 

Films and cartoons are being combined on one 
channel partly as an economy measure. 

“It is an easy way to get it' started, it keeps the 

cost* down and you only need one transponder on 
a satellite." said’Bob Ross. Turner’s rice president 
for international business development. “In the 
long nm if it is successful we will probably split 

Mr. Ro;s declined to say what the investment 
would be in ihe project or when the channel is 
expected to be profitable. 

the programs — inducting CNN. which is now 
broadcast :c Asia on the Indonesian satellite Pa- 
lapa B2P — will be carried by ibe ApsiaM -aielliie 
of China-related APT Satellite Co. The satellite, to 
be launched in mic-1994. will have a footprint 
stretching from Indonesia to Japan, which for ibe 
time being leaves Turner oa: of the lucrative Indi- 
an market. 

But Turner has agreed tv - * take space on Apstar- 
2. which is to be launched in )°95. Thai will beam 
into every country faun Japan to Eastern Europe, 
going east to west, and the former Soviet Union 
and Australia north to south. 

Mr. Murdoch, with his BSkyB satellite service ir. 
Europe and Fox television and movie units in the 
United States, is also wdl on his way on providing 
global coverage. China and India are the biggest 
markets fer STAR, which can be received in at 
least 42 mi! lion homes across Asia and the Middle 
East, according to a recent survey conducted for 
the company. " 

Tuner his more than K5Q0 canoons — Metro- 
Go’dwyn-Mayer. Warner Brother- and Hanna- 
Borberi productions, including the Jeisoos. Vogi 
Bear, and Tom and Jerry — ^ and about 2,500 
Hollywood feature film f iri its library. 

Tuner currently broadcasts a joint TNT & 
Cartoon Neiw ork m Europe and the separate TNT 
Latin America and Cartoon Network in Latin 

i Reuters. Blftmfagt 

Reuters in Spanish-Language TV Bid 

Bluanben; B-Jstnas Sr** 

LONDON — Reuters Hold- 
ings PLC said it had agreed in 
principle with TcJcmnndo 
Group Inc. of the United States 
to create a Spanish -language in- 
ternational TV news service with 
three ocher media groups. 

Reuters said it foresaw the ser- 
vice — to be called TeleNoucias 
— as the largest of its kind in Lbe 
world. It will be transmitted via 
satellite 24 bows a day to 19 
Latin American countries, the 
United States and Spain. 

“We plan to establish Tele- 
Noticias as the most credible 
source of fast- breaking world de- 
velopments and valuable infor- 

mation for all Spanish-Npeakir.g 
people, and to do so with the 
highest journalistic standards in 
a highly entertaining format." 
Reuters' Television's’ managing 
director. Enrique Jara. said in a 
statement. Mr. Jara will serve as 
chairman of TeleNotidas. 

Reuters will be the biggest 
shareholder in the service, fol- 
lowed by Tdemundo. The other 
shareholders will be Ane&r SA of 
Argentina. Anienj 3-lr.terna- 
ciona! of Spain and Prodtictoray 
Comercializadora de Television 
SA de CV of Mexico. 

Reuters said TeleNoticias 
would draw on reports from Te~ 

lerr, undo's U.S. bureaus. Reu- 
ters’s global network of 1 20 news 
bureaus and TeleNotidas own 
correspondents in Latin .America 
and elsewhere. 

Tdemundo is a Spamsh-lan- 
gtuge television network avail- 
able in 53 hroadcasting areas in 
ibe United States through sta- 
tions and affiliates it owns and 
operates. It recently filed a 
Chapter 1 1 bankruptcy reorgani- 
zation plan. 

Reutets said the agreement 
was subject to Tunher negotia- 
tion and to the approval of the 
U.S. court overseeing Telemun- 
do's financial reorganization. 

3-Way Merger 
Deals a Setback 
To EU Antitrust 

By Torn BuerkJe 

tnierrujnuKul Hrr-hi T'lhunr 

BRUSSELS — Europe’s antitrust 
authority suffered a significant blow 
Wednesday when the European 
Commission overruled its own com- 
petition chief and agreed to allow 
three major -ted companies to 
merge then sted tube divisions. 

The decision raised doubts about 
the EL's ability to enforce a clear 
antitrust policy at a time when the 
pressures of recession are forcing 
European industry to make hard 
decisions about merging with com- 
petitors in order to survive. 

It also raised questions about the 
power of states ip protect the inter- 
ests of their out. indu-tries and 
about whether political consider- 
ations uere more important than 
the commercial facts of the case. 

The decision “» eakens the credi- 
bility" of the EU's antitrust en- 
forcement. said Paul Seabright. a 
merger expert and fellow at the 
University of Cambridge. 

The move will allow Matures- 
mann AG of Germany. ILVA SpA 
of Italy and Vallourec of France to 
combine their steel tubing subsid- 
iaries into a new entity called 
DMV. which will control a leading 
36 percent share of the European 
market. Commission officials said. 

That is slightly above lbe 35 per- 
cent share held by the current mar- 
ket leader. Sandvtk AB of Sweden. 

Competition Commissioner 
Karel Van Mien had sought to 
block the deal, contending that it 
would create a duopoly between 
DMV and Saodrik that would sti- 
fle competition. Bui in the face of 
opposition from German. French 
and Italian members of the Euro- 
pean Union's executive, he was 
overturned by what appeared to be 
1 9-to-S vote.’ xwrctaf indicated. 

Bruno DeThomas. ibe Commis- 
sion's chief spokesman, denied re- 
pom that all six German. French 
and Italian commissioners had vot- 
ed as a bloc. 

Nevertheless, said Mr. Seabright. 
die outcome Suggests that nation- 
ality considerations and nationality 
lobbying are playing an important 
role in ihc decisions.” 

The Commission did take u 
tougher stance on two other com- 
petition eases. Wednesday. 

It expanded an inquiry into state 
aid for France's Groupe Bull to 
cover a government injection of 8,6 
billion francs (SJ.4 billion 1 an- 
nounced in December. It was the 
second bailout in less than a year 
Tor the computer maker: the gov- 
ernment has failed to proride the 
Commission with a resirucmrini 
pljn to justify the aid. The panel 
threatened to block payment of the 
aid. only about half of which has 
been disbursed- and lake Bull to 
the European Court of Justice un- 
less a plan is submitted quickly. 

The Commission also said it 
would investigate a recapitalization 
of the steel maker Kl&kner Werke 
AG costing 25i* million Deutsche 
marks (SI 43 million u because of 
concerns that most funds could he 
coming from public authorities in 
the German state of Bremen. Such 
a bailout could endanger the Com- 
mission's plan to slash subsidies 
and capacity in Europe's ailing 
steel sector, officials said. 

Those decisions were easily over- 
shadowed by the ruling on die steel 
lube venture, however 

Mr. Van Mien was seeking to 
block a deal on antitrust grounds 
for only the second time since the 
Commission took on merger au- 
thority in 1990. h blocked a 1991 
plan by France's Aerospatiale and 
Italy's Alenia to buy the airplane 
maker de Harilland from Boeing 
Co. Still, it is rare for a commis- 
sioner to be overruled so openly in 
such a high-profile case. 

Political considerations aside, 
the case involved a clash between 
competition policy and industrial 
policy, with the latter winning out. 

Panel sources said Mr. Van 
Mien's arguments about a duopoly 
had not been convincing. The 
Commission used a similar argu- 
ment in 1992 to force Nestle SA ic 
sell some boitied water brands af- 
ter it*, purchase of Source Perrier, 
to prevent it from dominating ibe 
French market in tandem ’with 


New EU Drag Agency: Cure-All or Dl? 

By Simon Morgan 

Blotpnb&x Bteimst MtW 

F RANKFURT — The idea of estab- 
lishing a single authority to ap- 
prove new drugs for the European 
Union has obvious appeal to phar- 
maceutical companies, which now must se- 
cure licenses from each member nation. 

Bui the new European Medicines Evalua- 
tion Agency being organized for that purpose 
may not be the speedy, money-saving cure-aB 
that ii was intended to be. analysts and indus- 
try specialists said. 

•The question you have to ask is. ‘Is it 
really going to be a single authority?' ” said 
Eriing Rfifsum, pharmaceuticals analyst at 
Nomura Research Institute in London. “I 
don't thrnk it uilL not unless the national 
authorities are willing to surrender control 
over things like pricing.*’ 

Rather than clear bureaucratic hunua that 
keep new drugs from the market, Mr. Refsam 

and others said, the new London-based au- 
thority may prove to be another expensive 
obstacle itself. 

At issue is whether the agency will be able 
to supplant national regulators, as intended, 
or will become another costly, time-consum- 
ing layer of bureaucracy. 

Compared with the UJS. system, under 
which rood and Drug Administration ap- 
proval gives a drug manufacturer almost im- 
mediate access to millions of patients, the 
current procedure in Europe is piecemeal, 
with companies often having to present the 
same trial results to more than one national 

There are currently two ways that a compa- 
ny can seek a license to market a new drag m 
Europe. One is to apply to each EU state 
separately, known as the “multistate" proce- 
dure; the other is to petition all members at 
once, the “concertation” approach. 

Approval costs vary from country to coun- 
try. Mary Donnelly, an EU spokeswoman in 

Brussels, said a company could expect to pay 
up to £95.000 15141,000) to gp through the 
approval procedure in Britain. 

“But that’s the highest in Europe.” she 
said. “Elsewhere, the cost averages £ 10,000 to 

Luckily for the drag companies, there is a 
shortcut to lbe multistaie procedure: Once a 
product is approved in one country, a compa- 
ny can ask other national authorities to rec- 
ognize the approval. Countries are under no 
legal obligation to do so. however. 

The disadvantage with the concertation 
procedure is that if one of the 12 nations does 
not approve, the application is dropped and 
the company roust start again. 

That wifl change next year, when the new 
agenev becomes operational. Ms. Donnelly 
said, then there will be three different ap- 
proval procedures. 

For prod acts with limited, local usage, an 

See DRUGS, Page 13 

IBM Chiefs Stock Options Benefit Shareholders , Too 

Sem Vnrfc Ttmcs Senior 
NEW YORK — International 
Business Machines Corp. stock 
u-mte to jump around, as it has this 
week, based an the hopes, expecta- 
tions and concerns about the com- 
pany's chances for a comeback. 
Few investors have more at stake 
than the man leading that effort, 
Louis V. Gersmer ir- who came to 
the company last Spring- 

After be signed on, Mr. 
Gersmer received options to buy 
500,000 shares at $47,875 a share, 
the market price in April. 

Such stock options typically 
cannot be cashed until a few years 
after they are granted, to make 
sure the executive is working to 
increase shareholder value over 
the long hauL But Mr. Gersmer 

apparently is well ahead so far — 
a paper profit of more than $5. 
milli on, based on Tuesday's clos- 
ing price of $58,375. On Wednes- 
day, however, the stock slipped 
back to $56,375. 

Shareholders have been the big 
winners. IBM’s market value has 
increased about $4.7 billion since 
Mr. Gerstner came aboard. 

“Large grants of options to 
chief executives what they take 
over are the ideal incentive from 
the shareholders’ perspective,” 
said Stephen O’ Byrne, senior vice 
president of Stem Stewart & Co., 
a compensation consultant 

“The new boss doesn't make 
•money on the options unless the 
shareholders gain as wetL” 

Compaq's Earnings Soar 70% 
As Its Market Share Climbs 


HOUSTON — Compaq Com- 
puter Corp. said Wednesday :hat it 
earned SI5( million in the fourth 
quarter, a 70 percent jump from a 
year earlier as sales climbed around 
the world. 

The company is one of just a 
handful of personal-computer mak- 
ers to improve both market share 
and profitability in ibe period. 

“We put a lot of things together 
in 1993." said Daryl White. Com- 
paq's chief financial officer. 
“Along with revenue growth, we 
created a very stable financial mod- 
el, we introduced a record number 
of new products, expanded our dis- 
tribution channels.'' 

The third- largest maker of per- 
sonal computers earned S1.74 per 
share in the three months ending 
Dec. 31. A year earlier. Compaq 
earned $89 million, or 51.11 per 
share. Sales were 52-2 billion, up 
54.7 percent from SI. 4 billion a 
year ago. 

“Clean quarter, terrific num- 
bers.’’ said Luciano e Painter, ana- 
lyst at Salomon Brothers Inc. 

“I can find a lot of things right. 1 
can’t find anything wrong." said 
David Wu, analyst at S.G. War- 
burg & Co. 

The performance exceeded Wall 
Street expectations. »here the con- 
sensus estimate was for a SI i3 per 
share profit. Yet investors went oa a 
profit- taking selling spree, pushing 
Compaq down S2.375. u> S80.875. 
on the New- York Stock Exchange. 

Comraq als-i announced that it 
would begin using microprocessors 
made by Advanced Micro Devices 
Inc. ir» some of its machines. They 
would be the firs; not to use chips 
made by Intel Corp. Microproces- 
sors perform the calculating func- 
tions of personal computers. 

The company said it would delay 
introduction of a pocket-sized PC 
that it calls a “mobile companion," 
planned during the first half of the 
year. tunQ at least autumn. Demand 
for similar products, such as Apple 
Computer inc.’s Newton, has been 
skiw because the pen-based technol- 
ogy is not good enough. 

“Our customers ore suggesting 
that a pen-only input may not be 
sufficient." Mr. White said. “They 
would like to see other forms of 
input like a keyboard. So that’s 
made us step back and look at the 
form factor. It’s put a little delay on 
the product." 

Compaq was the fas test -growing 
major personal-computer company 
Iasi year, improving market share 
from about 5 percent to 8 percent, 
according to estimates by indepen- 
dent analysis. 

The company aims to be the No. 
1 personal-computer maker by 
1996. It could pass No. 2 Apple this 
year but wifl take longer to beat 
International Business Machines 
Corp.. which had PC sales ap- 
proaching $10 billion last year. 

For the year, Compaq earned 
$462 million! or $5.35 per share, up 
70 percent from $213 million. S232 

per share, a year age- Sales were S7. 1 
billion, up from $4.1 billion in f'Wi 

Compaq doubled its sales in 
North America, to S.'.T billion. 
Sale* in its Europe region, which 
also includes Eastern Europe, the 
Middle East and Africa, grew 44 
percent, to S17 billion. In Japan. 
Latin .America and the Pacific Rim. 
Compaq's sales were up 1 1 1 per- 
cent. to 5800 million. 

“With 3 better economic picture 
in 1994. we should see belter eco- 
nomic opportunities." Mr. White 

■ Intel Says Prices to Fall 

Intel Corp.. the world's largest 
maker of the microchips that power 
personal computers, expects prices 
for the machines, especially those 
powered by its high-end Pentium 
chips, to fall sharply in J 994. Reu- 
ters reported from San Francisco. 

Gordon Casey. Intel’s director of 
investor relations, said prices for 
computers using the Pentium 
should drop by about SI. 000 by 
year-end from the current 53.000 

“We see 1994 as the year of the 
Pentium processor." Mr. Casey 
said at a technology conference oh 
Tuesday sponsored by the broker- 
age Robertson Stephens & Co. 

He said he expected the Pentium 
chip to account for about 15 per- 
cent of the PC market in 1994. 
Intel, the world’s largest chip- 
maker. introduced the Pentium in 
Mav 1993. 

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Briton, 35, Is Named 
Top Conde Nast Editor 

By Deirdre Caxmody 

I 'nr# T ':mes Senior 

NEXV YORK. — ■ Alexander Lib- 
ennan. editorial director of Conde 
Nast Publications for 31 years and 
one of the roost influential editor* 
in America, will step down from 
that job on Apnl 1. 

He will be succeeded by James 
Truman. 35. the British-born editor 
in chief of Details, a Conde Nast 
magazine that under his leadership 
has become the hoi magazine for 
hip young men. Mr. Liberman will 
become deputy chairman, editorial, 
for the company. 

Mr. Liberman, the closest friend 
and confidant erf S.I. Newfcouse Jr.. 
chairman of Conde Nasi Publica- 
tions Inc., has been with the com- 
pany for 53 years. 

Through his use of photojournal- 
ism, unconventional graphic design 
and the work of contemporary art- 
ists, Mr. Liberman did more to 
change the look of American maga- 
zines than any other editor. 

The announcement also revealed 

that John Leland. 34, a senior edi- 
tor of Newsweek, where he is re- 
sponsible for ibe magazine's Life- 
style section, would succeed Mr. 
Truman as editor in chief of De- 

Mr. Leland. who was said to be 
Mr. Truman's choice, has been at 
Newsweek since 1991. when he was 
named genera) editor and slaff mu- 
sic critic. He has also been on the 
staff of Spin and Newsday. 

Mr. Truman came to Conde 
Nast in 1988. when be joined 
Vogue as features editor. Two years 
later he was appointed editor in 
chief of Details, a magazine with a 
circulation of 100,000 that covered 
Ihe downtown Manhattan club 
scene. He was given the job of 
transforming it into a hip men's 

With its circulation at 480,000 
and its advertising pages up 3 1 per- 
cent last year over 1991 Details is 

Sec TRUMAN, Page 13 

Media Deal 

CfnpileJhy UurStoJt Oupaiifits 

TOKYO — Nippon Tele- 
graph & Telephone Corp. an- 
nounced Wednesda> that it 
would invest on undisclosed 
amount in General Magic Inc.. 
a U.S. software consortium 
that is developing multimedia 
progrants' that NTT is hoping 
to bring to the Japanese mar- 

The announcement is one of 
a series of moves by the Japa- 
nese government arid Japanese 
corporations to c3tch up with 
the Untied Stales in multime- 
dia, which combines audio 
and video products with com- 

General Magic is partly 
owned by Apple Computer 
lnc_ Motorola 1nc_ .American 
Telephone & Telegraph Co_ 
Phibps NV. Sony Corp and 
Matsushita Electric Industrial 

I Bloomberg. AFP I 




By Brandon Milchener 

lntemuim;J HcnUJ Tnhtun 

STUTTG ART — After a leader- 
ship switch, widespread job cuts 
and a drastic change in kind of can; 
it makes. Mercedes-Benz AG is 
now “radically rethinking" its pro- 
duction principles with the aim of 
boosting foreign comem and par- 
ticipation in joint ventures.. 

The latest shift in the company's 
strategy, disclosed Wednesday by 
the chairman. Helmut Werner, 
comes amid evidence that the 1993 
drop in sales has ended While the 
company nil) probably report an 
operating loss for the’ year, Mer- 
cedes. the biggest division of Daim- 
ler-Benz AG. expects to sell car* and 
trucks valued at 68 billion Deutsche 
marks ($38.86 billion l this year, up 5 
percent from 1993. according to Mr. 

He attributed the gain to strong 
sales of the company's new C-class 
and updated E-class sedans. To 
make its car business profitable 
again, however, the company needs 
to lum its attention from which 
cars to make and where to how and 
with whom. Mr. Werner said. 

In addition to a continued ex- 
pansion in international markets, 
the company’s “next generation" 
car will be much less Mercedes and 
much less German. Mr. Werner 
said, outlining a broad new focus in 
corporate strategy. 

“Everything that is not Mer- 
cedes-specific will come under 
scrutiny." declared Mr. Werner, an 
industry and company veteran who 
became the company's chairman 
last May and promptly Hipped the 
tradition-obsessed industrial flag- 
ship of Germany on its head. 

He cited transmissions and fend- 
ers as example* of parts that Mer- 
cedes could make in cooperation 
with others or buy elsewhere more 
cheaply than it makes then! itself 
without sacrificing character or 
quality. Mercedes heeds to reduce 
the percentage of pans it nukes 
itself to “well under 40 percent’’ 
worldwide from 45 percent cur- 
rently. be said 

That means buying more pans 
from outside suppliers, including 
boosting the percentage of foreign- 
made parts from about 16 percent 
currently to “well ewer 20 peieenr 
in the next couple of years. More 
than 80 percent of the parts in the 
Merced© to be built in Tuscaloosa, 
Alabama, starting in 1997 are to be 
bought from outside suppliers. 

“We have a situation in the car 
industry today similar to that which 
has existed with commercial vehicles 
ance the 1980s," Mr. Werner said. 
“Everybody is talking to everybody 

else because we are all faced with the 

Sec MERCEDES, Page 10 

Page 10 



Reduced Rate Fears 
Make Stocks a Buy 

Vio Associated Rrm* 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dtspatcha 

NEW YORK — Slocks rose 
Wednesday as declining interest 

rates pushed utility issues higher 
and cheered the broader market. 

ed 12 / 32 , to 99 5 / 32 , reducing its 
yield to 631 percent from 6.34 per- 
cent on Tuesday. 

and cheered the broader market. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age rose 1266 . to 3 . 908 . 00 . and 
advancing issues on the New York 

Cooper Industries was the most- 
active New York Stock Exchange 
issue, down H at 41 K. The stock lost 
nearly a Fifth of its value on Tuesday 
after the maker of electrical and 
automotive products warned dial! 
1994 earnings might fall as much as j 
25 percent from last year's S 275 a | 
share. Analysts bad expected earn- j 
ings would rise lo $ 3.14 a share. 

IBM followed, down 1 % at 56 *i 

N.Y. Stocks 

Stock Exchange outnumbered de- 
diners by a 4 -to -3 ratio. 

Analysts pointed to a rise in the 
Dow Jones utilities average, which 
was up 3.49 points, to 221 . 46 . They' 
said a late rise in the utilities indi- 
cated an improvement in the rate 

outlook. “Maybe that’s a sign of a 
bottom in the utility index, which 

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Doflon per mttrlc ten-iota of 5 tan 
Jan T. 17 D 1.176 1,176 U 66 T.T 71 1 .T 78 

Mar 1.162 1 .W 3 1,167 U 72 1.185 HA 

14125 14450 14450 +T 75 
IMA USX 0 14625 + 1 J 5 
W 3 JS 14406 14400 +075 
VG 7 S Vtt 25 W 335 + 106 . 
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14475 HUS 14475 +055 
N.T. N.T. 14700 +075 
14*05 14725 UMS +100 

M. T. N.T. 15208 +077 

N. T. M.T. 15400 +035 
15550 15600 13660 + 02 » 
166 J 0 15650 15658 +058 

. uas I.IM MU? LIT? 4167 MM 

I 1 J 75 1,177 1 . 17 B 1,178 1,177 1,180 

■ 1.178 UR 1,180 1,175 1,00 1,184 

v N.T. 1.W1 1.177 1,177 1.160 L164 

■ LT78 MM 1.183 1.177 1,160 HA. 

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MOT Low Ook (Me 

NYSE indexes 

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taw 14*6 14*0 . 1496 14*2 +0.10 

Est volume: 44151. Often lot 14*644- 

Jerrane York, the computer compa- 
ny's chid 1 financial officer, said IBM I 
would report at least break-even re- 
sults in the current quarter, but 
some analysts bad been hoping for 
income of about IS cents a share. 

In over-the-counter trading. In- 
tel was down 1 to 63 -H after Com- 
paq Computer said it would start 
buying processing chips from the 
rival semiconductor concern Ad- 
vanced Micro Devices. 

Chevron announced late in the 
day it would increase its quarterly 
dividend by 5 cents and proposed a 
2 -for-l stock split. Chevron fin- 
ished the day at 91 % down % but 
above its lows of the day. 

Scott Paper Co. surged 2 h to 
45 % The toilet paper maker said it 
plans to eliminate 8.300 jobs over 
the next three years. 

(Bloomberg, API 

. 199 $ ‘ lr->. ..*»**; 

NASDAQ Indexes 

Mar 27050 289 X 0 28758 27058 + 1.10 

Mar 2*030 28830 239.20 28950 + 0 J 0 ' 

AM 2 * 4*0 27350 2*356 9450 +680 

Oct 25233 SIX 2 C .10 28250 + LX 

D« N.T. H.T. 280 X 0 2 B 2 X 0 + 050 

Mar N.T. N.T. 281 X 0 28750 + UO 

EsL volume: 1545 . Open hit.: 1 US* 

Stock Indexes 

would support, to some degree, the 
level of the market,’' said Joseph 
DeMarco, managing director of eq- 
uity trading at Marin west, a unit of 
HSBC Asset Management 
Long-term interest rates fell 
amid expectations the Federal Re- 
serve Board would leave short-term 
rates unchanged for months, rather 
than raise them to combat infla- 
tion. The optimistic view was sup- 

ported by a central bank governor. 
John LaWare. who said inflation 

John LaWare. who said inflation 
was not accelerating and consumer 
prices woiuid rise only about 
percent this year. 

In the bond market, the bell- 
wether 30 -Year T reusury bond add- 

NYSE Most Actives 

•Vat »MI> Lorn 

411 + 40 % 

AU 56 
69 '* « 8 H 

41 % 41 V. 

9 Mb 57 Vj 

ST* 314 * 
231 * 22 *. 

26 2 SV* 
36 35 * 

64 Vb 8 W* 
45 *. 431 * 

99 *J SB*. 
411 * 3 Mb 
S 7 W 34 H 
28 77 

Compouc 78952 785.13 789 X 6 *257 

lrwtu*tr+M 62441 622 X 7 SJ 6 J 0 +156 

Borfla 677-33 69355 69753 + 17 + 

lnsuKHCB 93109 918-55 923 X 9+1655 

Flnoncb 88492 884 M 86476 + 1 JS 0 

Tramp. 775+7 769 .T 7 77411 +414 

UtSWes 18257 180.17 18145 + 1 X 3 


AMEX Stock Index 

461-76 47952 4174 +1.15' 

Cion PrwtoH 

BfS Aik BM ** 
ooaors per mmc tan 

Spot 1218 X 0 121850 118 U 0 1187 X 0 

Forward 1235 X 0 1 Z 3 S 5 D 120400 120500 

COPP 4 R earn acts cHoaorode) 

Scot 1869 X 0 1850 X 0 IE 3 B 50 185958 

Forwpa 187280 1873 X 0 188150 168350 


Dollar* per metric too 

spot 50650 50750 S 04 SB 58650 

Forwd 517 X 0 S 2 BX 0 519 X 0 STUM 

FTSE 166 tLJFWn - 

Mer . 3460 X 3 C 8 X 3661 X —118 
Ml N.T. N.T. 34565 -UX. 

Sep M.T. N.T. K7JX — UX 

Sep M.T. N.T. 347JX - 

I Est-votum*: 14745 . Open M.: nm. 

Sourc 662 RMn Marti L 

London Inn FtaonekO Fvtoras Entmnt* 
tntl Pttrotaom Exehatao. . . . 

Spot C omm odHtl— 

Bond A 

AlffiX Most Acthrcs 

20 Bonds HJSX 5 — 0 X 5 

10 Utilities 103 X 5 + 6 L 0 S 

10 Industrials 18745 — 0.15 

Spot . 5705 X 0 5710 X 0 5653 XQ 56*500 
Forward 5769 X 6 5770 X 0 5713 X 9 5725 X 0 

DdUars Per OMMc Ipb 

, sort 5075 X 0 50 BSX 0 501400 500 X 6 

Forward 5130 X 0 5135 X 0 90 * 0 X 0 SD 7 QJ 6 

Commodity Today ' * ' Prr*. 

Xuoilnunvtb - 0553 0536 1 

Cottm. firm. B> 081 081 

Copper etacirohrUe. IS 0984 0 X 845 

iron FOB. top 213 X 0 * 212 X 0 . 

Lead to 0X4 044 

Slhf*r, traroz . SJ 2 5.11 

Stool loom}, tan iXS.y 13433 . 

ThuBl 2 AX IMS', 

Zbl&B) 0479 04740 

Fears of a Strong Yen 
Push the Dollar Lower 






























— % 















+ % 





+ % 










— 1% 






3436 31 ‘A 



+ % 

328 6 





3190 4i*u 








+ % 










: zinc (SPMrt Max erode} 

Forward 1024 X 0 >C 25 X< 

N.YAE. Odd-Lot Trading 

10 C 130 997 X 0 

1024 X 0 1025 X 0 1017 X 0 1017 X 0 


NYSE Diary 

SAP IOO Index Options 

HM LOW Close aware 


sseoxoo - pts or ns pa 

Mar 9449 9448 9448 — 6 X 1 

Jan 94 JM 9487 — 0 X 2 

S«p 96 X 4 *490 7450 — 0 X 3 

Doc 9493 *449 *489 — 0 X 3 

Mar 94 X 2 94 J 7 *478 — 8 X 3 

JWJ 9445 9440 9440 -UC 

S»P 9*47 94.43 9442 — 0 X 5 

Dec *01 94 X 7 9427 — 0.54 

Mar *418 9412 9412 — 8 X 2 

Jrn * 48 2 94 X 2 94 X 0 —003 

Est. volume: 27 X 15 . Open Ini.: 430698 . 

SI BMHob-pisaMNpdl 

Bov Sates . ShorT 

Jan. 25 L 0 eX(* 1461271 4*463 

JSS ij». ^ »' 

M } 3 E SS 



KUEnerpycoro x 

sdsNM dhrMead ol M dertarod Jan. 25 

Exktr Corn 
Fori Bend HMo. 

- . X 2 20 
_ XS. . 2-16 


Bloomberg Business Sens 

NEW YORK — The dollar tum- 
. bled against the yen and other cur- 
rencies amid speculation that the 
United States may resume calls for 
a stronger yen as trade talks with 
Japan have'stalled. 

U JS. trade officials said they had 
• made virtually no progress in the 

Foreign Exchange 

! latest round of negotiations, which 
ended in Washington Tuesday. The 
United States wants Japan lo ac- 
cept numerical targets for increas- 
ing imports of autos, medical 

* equipment and other products. 
"The looser the trade talks di 

"The longer the trade talks drag 
: on without progress, the more 
; chance there is that the U.S. will 
start talking up the yen again." said 
! Peter Gloyoe. manager of instiiu- 
: lional foreign-exchange trading at 
First Chicago bank. 

• The dollar closed at 1 10.095 yen 
: in New York, down from 1 10.935 
•on Tuesday. The dollar fell to 
: 1.7451 Deutsche marks from 
: 1 . 74*4 DM in the previous session. 

• The dollar tumbled as much as 
■ 20 percent against the yen last year 

• after President Bill Clinton ’and 

• members of his cabinet said a 

strong yen would help balance 
trade between the Unhd Stales and I 
Japan by making Japanese exports | 
more expensive. 

In other currencies, the pound I 
was little changed at SI. 4945 . 
slightly stronger than the previous 
$ 1 . 4955 . The dollar closed at 5.927 
French francs, down from 5.932 
francs. It rose to 1.4710 Swiss 
francs from 1.4664 francs. 

Many traders sold dollars 
Wednesday after C. Fred Bergs ten. 
head of the Institute for Interna- 
tional Economics, suggested that a 
range of 90 yen to 1 10 yen for the 
dollar could stem the flow of Japa- 
nese exports. Last year, he set the 
lower limit at 100 yen. 

Mr. Bergs ten. who analysts be- 
lieve to have strong ties to the 
White House, mode his comments 
appeared in a report released late 
Tuesday by a research aim of Nik- 
ko Securities Co_ one- of Japan's 
“Big Four” brokerage houses. 

“It was a comment from Bergslen 
that started the yen’s rally last year." 
said Anne Parker Mills, currency 
analyst at Lehman Brothers. Trad- 
ers still react when the longtime pro- 
ponent of a strong yen speaks out 
because “the administration has 
never disavowed him," she said. 

Total lesues 
New Hie hs 
New laws 

1166 BB 3 
686 1207 

647 667 

274 * 2753 

61 64 

» m 

C flfritf 
Mar Aar 



Mot Mr 








— — 






96 X 2 

— ^ 









— — 



1 * 





— — 








— — 




11 * 





S 3 -SE 

Bancs dc Santander _ 4278 2-1 

Buffetsfonletft Gld . - 462 >4 

Indkma Peal _ 40 HI' 

St Helena Gold . JM M 

St Helena paid - J 64 2-4 

Vaol Reffa ekoiaijr xn 2 -n 
W este r n Dees Lvts _ JBl 2 - 1 ! 

Amex Diary 

Total issues 
New lows 

314 247 

266 373 

23 S 213 

837 833 

19 18 

7 * 

— - - - fc I* He 

- - - - N 1*1 ft 

- m - V. ih A 

nw - - - I* A a 

7 IIA m » !«. A M 

Hi n m - n i ft 

W a n n» w n n 

* 1 * a - «* m* xvi 

1* 11* 2R «*. l«k — M* 

4 *1 IW — 1 * 1 . m* — 

4 Si 4 ns ZJR — 24* 

Est. volume: < 75 . Open In*.: 1057 *. 

DMIaiUSea-pfsef iBSpa 

I w este r n Deep Lvts _ J 72 2 II 


a m 2-28 

• Q .16 24 

Q XI 2-1 

;*M*aMUZ 7 itatolBB*aM. 2 SJM 
: Mrt saL 08711 : KM ocen tot XUU 


94 X 1 

90 * 


+ ojn 


94 JP 


9 A 55 






+ 003 


95 J 9 

95 X 1 

95 X 6 

+ 8 X 1 


95 X 4 

95 X 8 

9 SS 2 

+ 0 JJ 1 


95 X 1 

95 X 6 




95 X 8 

9 SX< 

95 X 8 





95 X 9 



95 X 1 

95 JB 








Est. volume: KS 3 . Open Int: 875 , 176 . 


Total Issues 

Pike Dec** Dec is OecM Dec H Dec <9 DtcH 
JBS — — — — 

B Nk - — R - — 

XV i 7 

a 5 - - ik i* - 

OVj M — - 1 % - - 

Uh: lew m* N; MW *md h. UM 
Petr Rial *eL TO; lew epn IN. 142 J 76 


8 S 6 J 88 - Ms X XMd» Of 168 JKt 
Mar 119-26 118-33 11+02 — M 3 

JOB 118-29 118-14 118 -V* — 0 - 13 - 

EsL volume: 125414 . Open Int: 1 S 14 BS. 
DM 256408 - Pts MW PCt 
Mar 76022 9 fJ 4 700.14 +031 

Joe mu 9*75 100.10 +032 

Est. volume: 201740 . Open int.: 171466 . 

a .16 24 

Q X 3 2-1 

. X 3 2-1 

O M 2-7 

a _z 9 2-0 

Q X 4 2-7 

M .1011 24 

Q 30 24 

Q 2-11 

a .125 24 

O XS 2 -W 

8 .9375 3-1 

Jf 34 
_ .125 2-7 

Q X 8 2-1 

a srr 3 -iS 

Q .15 24 


Morgan Fnd 0 > 1 .11 K 31 

CaBancorp Inc 4 tor 3 spilt. 

a-aaipat; g-parobie Ip i 
meptMy; wNrtPli 7 *■ 

MERCEDES: Giant Automaker Is r . Rethinking ’ Its Production Methods 

Contiued from Page 9 

pressure to improve economies of. 
.scale and internal flexibility.” 

The company no longer roles out 
joint production with other auto- 
makers, he noted. Projects involv- 
ing auiomaking in cooperation 
with partners in South Korea and 
India have been announced and 
others are said to be in the works. 

By the end of the decade, 1 in 10 
cars bearing the Mercedes name 
will be made outside Germany, up 
from I in 50 today. Mr. Werner 

A year ago, Mercedes announced 

isl it u/niitd Vittiid n snnrtc ill ill tv 

that it would build a sports utility 
vehicle is the United States and a 
small city car in Germany. These 
would be major departures from 

the company’s previous exclusive 
focus on heavy, high-end lu x ur y 
cars "made in Germany." 

Mr. Werner called the produc- 
tion changes announced Wednes- 
day no less spectacular. He alto 
said that while, the company plans 
to reduce its total expendhuies r on 
investments, research and develop- 
ment in the next five years to 34.7 
billion DM from 38 btilioa DM last 

year, it will gel more for its money, 
he said. 

Despite weak export markets 
worldwide. Mercedes expects to 
sell at least 570.000 cars this year, 

Trucks are another story. The 
commercial vehicles- division will 
continue to bleed Ted ink as long as 
the drop in European sales exceeds 
strong gains in North America and 
elsewhere. Mr. Werner said. 



Seam Seam 

apK On o*h 


bpen Htti Low ' Oca* ON OPM. 

' Agence Fame* Pro* ion. 26 
. ' Close Prpv. 

Via Attacked Pros* 

Us* Open 

Dm Ooee on Oam 



• ABN Amro HM 
. AC F Molding 

• Aegon 
: Ahold 
' Ataa 

. A mat Rubber 

6 * 6746 ; 
*7 JO 61 -JO i 
104 X 0 106-20 
50 5060 
20840 20 * 

85.70 8660 
2 X 0 280 




, Panioia 
Repo la 

: BoTVWeSsanen 43 XQ 44 J 0 

: csm 

- DSM 
, .Elsevier 




7540 75 X 0 
10850 10040 
1 BSJ 0 18650 
25 2450 
5660 5740 
280 27 * 

119 120 

4346 44 

200 201 
16 l 10 U 1 
124 125 . 

Z 1 S 217 
317 316 
72 J 0 *7 

116 IK 
2*0 300 

inchcw* 554 5 X 8 

Kingfisher 6 J 0 

Ladbrok" 202 

Land Sec 7 JJ 

Loporte 115 

Lasmo 1 X 3 

Legal Gen Grp 522 579 

Lloyds Bonk 630 638 

Marks So 442 448 

MEPC 5.18 5.18 

Noll Power 4 J 7 44 * 

Naiwesl SSI 6 X 2 

5-94 5 X 8 

630 661 

2X2 201 

733 748 

sis air 1 

133 139 

NihWSI Water 556 566 

--nooaoven* 57 ‘ 57.10 

t Hunter Douglas 8860 90 

IHC Caiand 
;■ inter Mueller 

38.10 38.90 
87 8630 

Hong Kong 

Int ‘l Nederland 8730 0610 

i KLM 
. NedUavd 

- Oct- Grlnlen 
Pc* hoed 

: Philips 

- PolYaram 

oa— li**.*** 

. Rodomca 

: Rollnco 
. Rorenta 
! Roval Dutch 
. Stork 

*630 4680 
4850 4760 
66 64 . 90 - 
6840 6930 
5330 54.10 

47.10 47 
7850 79 X 0 

12770 12831 

63.10 633 0 

13160 132 

10070 ioaio 

21060 21140 
4340 43.70 

227.10 22770 

l VanOmmeren 4630 4650 

Walters/ Khmer 123.10 124 X 0 


; AG Fin 
. Arned 

■ p ek o e rl 

- CockrrHI 

- Cobepo 

. Dotoalze 

1 GIB 

■ GBL 

■ Bevoe rt 

, Krrttettjonk. 
Petrol l aa 

1 Rovrt Belae 


2700 2775 
2990 2990 
4200 43*5 
2370 2365 
21275 21025 
104 183 

5790 5770 
1500 1500 
6460 6490 
1520 1454 
4130 4060 
9230 9200 
7670 76 TO 
10700 10550 
3540 3530 
5*30 5766 

P 8.0 
Power Gen 
Rank Ora 
Reck Itt Col 


Reed I nil 
RMC Group 
Rolls Rovoe 
Rolhmn (unlit 
Rovol Sort 

Scot Newcas 
Scot Power 
Sears Hokis 
Severn Trent 

665 655 

674 665 

1.91 175 

537 5 X 6 ' 

153 2-50 

HL 68 10 X 3 
674 670 

633 636 

9 X 3 9 X 5 

19 X 0 1 * 33 : 

1074 1038 . 

'* 1 X 3 

4 X 5 
8 X 5 
4 X 3 
5,78 5 X 0 

4 X 9 657 

1 X 1 1 X 9 

5 X 5 3.95 

774 777 

5 X 4 5 X 4 

Accor 725 722 

AlrUautoe B 72 £2 

Alcatel Atettwm 775 .775 
A» 1505 1500 

Bancolre ICJe) , 6 « <g> 

BNP 381 X 0 281 X 0 

% s 

^ 7 ^ M % 

Coras 145 X 0137 ^ 

Charoeurs 1361 1 ^ 

Clments Franc 388 3 B 5 

Club Mod 377 »0 

El+Aaultalne 41 « 02 

EK-Sanoti 10 M il« 

Euro Disney 3665 3 ^ 

Gen. Eaux 

. Lvon. Eaux 
■Oreai (l_'l 

2845 MSI 
615 600 

474 46670 

5,0 ,55 

13 « TWO. 
3890 3920 

Smith Nephew l-SS 1 A 
SmithKHne B « 

(mlki IIMUI 5 J 0 638 

Smltn <WH> 

Sun Alliance 
Tale & Lvle 

T^ro EMI 1 M« UX 7 1 

TSB Grow 

Unilever 11.91 11 X 51 

Utd Biscuits 

vodatone w-i 

war Loan 3 W 53 X 6 5475 

4 X 4 401 

4-51 4 X 4 

278 2 X 2 

10-98 11 X 7 

273 274 

2 X 1 2 X 2 

11.91 11 X 5 

376 3 X 6 

5 X 2 S 94 

Matro-Haehette 164.96 _ 16 * 
Ml chef in B 238 X 0 23490 . 

Paribas 518 518 

Peehlnev Intt 217 JD 214 J 0 
Pernod- Rlcord 43078 439 X 0 
Peuorrrt . ^ » 

Prlnlemps CAu) 1039 1008 

Rail. SI. Louis 1641 1632 
Redout* (La) IBS 1055 
Salni Gobaln 690 692 

S.EJ. 5 S 4 554 

SteGenerale 737 . 747 

"Thamson-CSF 20 TM?^ 
Tota! 321 317 



670 6 X 81 

6 X 2 6 X 3 1 

Williams Hdgs 4 X 7 400 
WHIN Corroan 2 X 0 2 J* 

CAC 40 bnl 
Frevtous : 

60 6 X 
1392 13*3 

Sao Paulo 



■ 5 oc Gen Bonaue 9050 8990 

. Soc Gen Belokur 26*0 26*0 
. Soflna 15200 15300 

So Ivor J 51 B 1*975 

■ Tractobel 1 1025 11075 

UCB 24675 24650 




Anglo Amer 




D» Beers 





18.25 1623 
93 X 0 93 X 0 
193 19 * 

N .A. 77 m 

7.75 7 . 75 ; 
46 47 X 0 
107 X 0 106 - 

51 50 


Hlghvtid Steel » 7 X 0 1775 


1 Alllonz HoKJ 
• Asko 

; Boyer 

16 * 172 

2749 279 ) 
651 060 

1265 1225 
2 * 51*029430 
363 362 

Bay. Hyaa bank * 664 * 0 X 0 

Bav Vcrcinsbk 523 $27 

BBC 660 689 

BMP Bank 444 44 * 

BMW *85 «8 

KlOOt _ 48 48 X 0 

Nedbank Grp 27 X 0 77 

RandlontiHn * 1 X 0 41 

Rnalai 75 77 

SA erem 6275 62.25 

{ St Helena N A 44 

Sasoi 1875 1975 

Welkom 42 J 0 44 

8 BV 3325 3100 

BCD Central Hlso. 3170 3140 

Banco Santander 7 T« 700 D. 

CEPSA 3060 302 D 

Dragadas 25*5 2550 . 

Endesa 7870 77*0 

Ercras 15 * 156 

Iberdrola I 10*5 1070 

-RMWOi 4665 -1655 

Tabocalera 4280 070 

role ton lea 1*50 T 945 . 

S.E. General index : 3 * 6 J* 
previous : xsm 

Banco do Brasil 9500 6700 
Banesto 6400 6100 

Srodesco 7800 75 W 

■Brahma 1265 a 1290 a 1 

Paranapanema 8600 82 M 
Petrooras 77500 7 6000 

■Tete bro s 20700 1 X «00 

Vale Rto Ooce 569*0 58990 
VBrlj 62000 61000 

77500 76000 
20700 1 M 00 

Vorig 820 K 

a; Jr 700 . 

Western Deep 161 X 0 165 

%vnSm*<nS 5 i it,tM9 

COmmerzhank 36470163 X 0 


- Daimler Ben 

. Dnusso 

- DiBcbcocfc 

254 252 

786 J 0 797 

4 * 4-50 462 

25 X 502500 


Deutsche Bank MUSilXO 

. Oresdner Bank 47142 BX 0 

1 FKrwaHaesch 172 X 0 173 







1 WKA 

Kali SofZ 




320 318 
.652 638 
1248 1252 
310 X 0306 X 0 
102 * 1030 
240 237 

369 367 
15 X 50 157 

538 543 

. 498 501 
11670 117.10 

Abbey Natl 5 X 6 

Allied Lyons 6 X 1 

Aflo Wiggins 2.76 

Argyll Group 272 

AM Brit Food? SXS 

BAA 1071 

BAe 4 X 7 

Bank Scotland 2 XI 

i Bass 

Blue Circle 
BOC Group 
I Bonder 

Banco Comm 

Benetton group 

Cred I Id 



Perfln Rlsa 

Flat SPA 














San Paolo Tonne 






Corobas 7 X 5 7 X 5 

OtyCtev. 6 X 5 645 

DBS 11. *0 11.70 

Fraser nmvo - 6 X 0 isxo 

Gen ling 1670 1 M 0 

Golden Hone PI 2 X 6 2 JD 

Hon Par 150 14 B" 

Hume industries 4 X 0 4 X 6 

InchccBM 4.10 6 

Used ilio iixo 

KL Knag Z 94 L 83 

LumChono 1.75 173 


Akol Eiectr 
Asad Chem/col 
Asahl Glass 
Bank af Tokyo 

Dal Nippon Print 
Dofaa House 
Dal no Seairttles 
Full Bank 
Full Photo 
Hitachi Cable 
Honda . 

Ito Yokadb 

japan Airlines 
iXansol Power 
Kawasaki Steel 
Kirin Brewery 
• Komatsu 
Matsu Etec lids 
Matsu Elec Wks 
Mitsubishi Bk , 
Mitsubishi Kasai 
Mitsubishi Etec 
Mitsubishi Hev 
Mitsubishi Carp 
Mitsui ana Co 

NGK insulators 
NUc ka Securities 
Nippon Kogaku 
Nippon CWI 
fitppan Steel 
Nippon Tusen 
Nissan _ 

Nomura See 

Olympus Optical 






Shlnetsu diem 


.Sumitomo Bk 
Sumitomo Chem 
Suml Marine 
Sumitomo Metal 
Talstu Marine 

Toevo Marine 
Tokyo Elec Pw 
Tepnon Printing 
Torgy Ind. 

a: x 100. 

Canadian pacific 
Can Packers 
Can Tire A 

Congest Expi 
Denison MJnB 
Dickens on Min A 
Dvtex A 

Echo Bar Mines 
: Eaulty SHver A 
Fed ind A 
Ftetrtiar Choii A 



Gull Cda Res 

Hees Intt 

Hero Id GW Mines 



Hudson’s Bav 



Inlerprpv pipe 

22te 22* 
12* W 

13 * l»to 
45 V. 45 * 
5 Y> «i 
11 TO* 
370 3 * 

20+7 20 *. 

22 V! 22 * 
031 031 
6 % 6 *; 
25 * 25 *. 

17 * 17 * 
1 JJ 5 1 X 7 
4 * 4 . 15 . 
9 * 9 * 

22 21 
4 X 5 


o* i* 

4 X 5 4 X 5 
16 * 16 * 
13 * 13 * 
14 * U* 
19 * 18 * 

Lobknr Co 
Mark Res 
Mod-ear Hunter 

42 * 43 * 
3 S* 3 S* 
32 * 32 * 

23 * 23 * 
11 * 11 * 
63 * 64 * 

WtEAT (CaOTJ S 4 NBun*enwn-a 
IMMi 3 -QD MQT 94 17 S 9 , 377 * 
172 100 MayM 3 X 2 * 3 X 3 * 

3 X 4 2 X 6 JJ »4 131 UM 

3 X 7 * 002 Sep *• X 36 M 3 X 6 * 

345 U* OecM 341 * X 44 * 
*tar 95 

3 X 7 XU JN 93 
Ed.srtes NA. lWliote TJM 
Tue’SDDwke 56733 on m 
WHEAT (KBOT 1 SOMkumMraen-d 
xn 278 Mar 94 17 tm 370 * 
179 * 2 J 0 MOV 94 153 153 * 

1 XS 277 JWM 3 X 6 139 

3 X 5 * U 33 *SepM 3 X 6 X** 

160 11 2 * Dec 94 XCM 345 * 

35 * XS 2 Mor 95 
Est.srtes NA Tue-VHSo 6 X 07 
Tus'iapenW 37 . 93 * oit 144 
1 111 * 272 * Mar 9 * 3 X 0 OOOVi 

XI 6 * 2 J 6 *Msry 94 105 1 M 

116 * 141 Juf 94 3 X 5 * 105 * 

2 . 92 'V 2 - 40 * SepM 246 246 

273 * 2 J 6 *DcC 9 « 14 * 249 * 

279 * 2 X 3 *Mc»M 273 273 * 

283 175 Moy 95 278 * 279 

242 * 275 JN 9 S 179 * 279 * 

23 * 2 X 4 Dec 95 

EsLSrtB NA Tgt\dcs 41483 
Tue'sapen W MX 127 up 1569 

1146 UUMayli 1077 1078 

11 X 1 4 . 15 J 496 HUB 10*2 

IUB MOcfM 1075 1877 

1142 9 . 17 MB ’ 95 1076 1671 

HUB 10 X 7 MOV 95 

UJ* 10 X 7 JUI 9 S 

HUf 3 flX 70 d 9 J 
Est.stes X 2 SB Tub’s, sales n,W 
Tub's epen ini 11 X 140 OR 443 

1070 1072 
1073 KL 77 
703 >046 

W 74 1076 

1 X 74 
KL 76 
M 76 

—407 33471 
-aas 15774 
— * 691 X 939 
-002 X 2 N 
—002 111 
— 042 36 
—042 VS 

372 * 37734 - 004 * 22432 
3 X 0 3 XBW- 4 UM* 0234 
337 3 X 7 V 6 — 4 - 01 * 14476 

137 * 134 ' 4 ,-XOlVL 2 J 31 
345 34516 — 441 * 2451 


145 5 

CMCSO VijMrto) twrtet 

953 MOT 94 





978 May** 



1 U 6 


999 X 694 



IIJ 9 

U *1 



12 W 



1841 DBC 94 





3 D 77 MOT 9 S 




1111 Moy »s 
1225 Jul *5 
1328 So) 95 




T 2 U 


146 146 *— 644 * 17414 

349 I 49 W-OM 1749 
las X 341 +- 0 ® exa 
X 36 * X 37 * — OJK* 1,934 
343 343 — 002 * 1499 

345 - 047 * 

199 * II >467 

34 M- 0 JDB* 90480 
X 04 V 6 -OB 1 * 79442 
241 *— ODD* 1 X 206 
249 - 400 * 42 , 19 * 
275 -OOO* 2463 
27 B*-OBI* 251 

279 W-OM* 559 

3 X 6 . 35 

Etf-srtes X 940 ruete.trtes sxse 

Tub's open W ’SAS 00 206 ' 

734 X 5 MJBMorN 103 -H MUf KTI-H 7 &W 

13500 a 9 J 9 Moy 94 lOsJD W 65 B 10470 19546 

13 X 00 1 DU 0 J 494 10640 16640 106 X 0 vast 

134 X 0 HUXOSfpN 10 X 25 K &23 HX 2 S H 940 

15*40 1 0840 Nov 94 1107 S 11143 11015 111 X 5 

132 X 10 KJ 3 X 0 JanTS 11340 11 X 06 11340 ITiflB 

12*25 106 J 30 MB -95 11340 

May 95 11 X 00 

Ed. sates KA Tub's, sates 3 X 81 . 

TUTsaoenM 144 Z 7 off 25 

Ed.srtes NA TWS-Sotes 0463 • 

T ub's open W mw up Bi 
EOKODOLUUU j CHBRJ et i te ue ywitf. - 
9666 9064 M 45 +643 9645 

NTS. ,m«jun »4 9*34 9*36 9*32 9*35 

9 * 3 *. *U 6 Sts>M 9 * 4 * f US * 1 MT -M 4 * 

9*41 . 9071 DSC 94 9565 fSjBS 9541 KM 

9 XJ 8 T- 9 XMMOT 95 9549 9 X 51 9547 ‘ 1 X 66 

9540 9971 JOT 75 9525 +L 27 9573 9576 

9 X 43 91 JHSB 095 9 X 05 «UF 9543 9 X 0 * 

9 X 41 - 91.10 Dec 95 9*77 9 *J 0 9*75 9 * 7 * 

ENSNM NA Iters. sates 2 SUZT 

Tttes open Ini 245*460 UP UN 
1 X 304 14000 MorS 4 14916 149 M 14872 14810 

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_3 525 

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Norttodo loc 

Moreen Energy 
Nlhern Telecom 
Ptocer Dome 
Paco Petroleum 
Ray rack 
Rogers B 
Raval Bank Con 
Sceptre Res 
Scorn Hoop 
S eagram 
Seers Con 
Shed Can 
Sherrlfl Gordon 

S HL Syste fTTtae 

NWkel 225 : W 138 

Talisman Energ 

Thomson News 
Toronto Damn 
Torstar B 
Trensaito Utu 
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. UUCDTP Energy 

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17 % 17 % 
ZZ% 2 Z% 
27 % 26 % 
15 % 15 % 
19 % 19 % 
3 X 5 370 
14 % 15 % 
089 069 
070 070 

7 X 4 549 % MOT 94 770 % 7 . 03 % 

7 X 1 SJ 2 VtMOY 9 * 745 % 7 .V> 

7 X 0 574 % -M 94 7 X 7 7 X 1 % 

775 *76 Aug 94 678 % 746 % 

* 49 % *37 Sep 94 * 78 % *78 

7 X 7 % 5 X 5 % Nov 94 US * 41 % 

6.70 LnMJonfS * 45 % ***% 

873 % LO Mar 95 *71 *73 

673 LCViJdK *77 477 

6 X 0 % 141 % Nov 75 673 

Eb t akes NA Tuete.stee*_ 39 J 8 J 
Tup's open W 1754 X 1 c*T 1844 
337 JO 18 X 20 Mot 94 19*60 197 .M 

23270 lBJXOMoyf* 1973 «« 

230 X 0 19370 AX 94 19820 198 .% 

22370 T 9350 AU 9 94 W 77 C 197 X 0 

naxo 19300 Sep 94 itsja wi 

30600 191 X 000 94 193 X 0 TTia 

209 X 0 AJODecM 19 J 5 D WJB 
200 X 0 19*3 JOT 95 1933 WUO 
EH. sates MA -rue’s. crtHl 4 X 54 
Tue- sooen W 87 . 417 , OT 1382 

740 % + 0 X 1 % 73 X 07 
7 X 4 % , 0 X 0 % 40433 
7 X 4 , 0 X 0 % 34^17 

* 98 % 5.900 

* 77 % +041 1490 

* 49 % + 0 X 0 % 15 X 6 * 
665 % + 0 X 9 % 985 

670 - 0 X 0 % sm 

471 +axe% 2 oi 
*32 + 0 X 0 % <62 

191*0 19*10 +83 37,187 

19*70 1973 +13 1835 
19760 1 W 60 ,1311737 

196-50 197 X 0 +060 4,165 

19*3 19 X 30 ,63 3 X 5 * 
1923 193 X 0 +070 1 X 52 

INTO 192.10 — 0.10 4 X 99 
1933 1923 +870 136 

3*75 31 . 1 8 M OT 9 4 2*71 29 X 9 29 XB 2974 

3645 21 XOMOyf 4 93 293 29 X 9 29 X 2 

2971 21 X 5 Jui >4 29 JO 2 »JS 29 JO 29 .* 

29 X 0 213 AIN 94 2**3 IUQ 2865 2875 

283 223 Sep ** 310 2*73 2*05 28.10 

J 73 22 .HOd *4 2774 273 27 X 4 Z 73 

2665 0 X 9 Dec 94 36*5 063 0*3 2665 

2640 2265 JOn 95 3*3 0*45 063 2*42 

2560 25 X 0 Mar 95 0*10 

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Tub's SPOT M 944 M 0 B 0*85 

+0171 1 & 5 » 
— 0 X 2 *211 
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,03 X 4 N 
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Shore Press 

133 13 XQ 
8 X 5 8 X 0 
73 73 
1450 M. 7 D 
5.75 545 
33 3 60 
745 73 
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1*70 1*70 

Market Closed 1 

The suck market in 
Sydney was closed 
Wednesday for a holi- 


ArtclnUB 229 230 

AIwuisseBntv. 63 S 642 

BBCBrwnBovB 1123 1126 

ClboGetoyB 940 9*5 

Fischer B 

729 706 
4180 4110 
1190 uas 

Jnterdtecount B 2470 2475 


KlOBCkner Wrrke m 123 

Unde 898 899 

Urfomnso winjo 

MAN 402 <01 

Monnosmarm 483 406 

Metaifocseil 239 238 

MuenchRuecfc 3515 353 
Porsche wo 0*4 

PmiSSM 45 O 4 O 456 J 0 

PWA 229 TS} 

RWE 490489 X 0 

RMUmwIoU 339 34 S 

Senering 107 D 1086 

SEL 388 386 

Stemetn 716722 JC 

■Tnvssen 2 WX 0 252 X 0 

Vo rto 342 34 * 

vena * 97 X 0 sot 

VEW 252 35 Z' 

Vlog 464.50 461 

Voikswegen 431 X 043 * 30 . 
Write 613 8 SL 

Aax .index : 2 tlTl 7 T 

Blit Airways 4 X 9 

Brit Gas 
Brit Steel 

Taro Asri Rise 
MIB tedM : IMS 
Previous : 1861 

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SWoro Telecomm 1*4 3*4 

5 iroils Trading 146 1*6 

UQB M 10-90 

UQL 2 .W 205 

Strolls Times ted. : 2255 A 7 
PTOvtoss : 225 *XS 

AbiilM Price 
Agnlco Eagle 
Air Canada 
Atterto Energy 
Am BcrrlcX Res 

1 SH 15 »* 
UVt 16 
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37 36 % 
47 464 k 

Bk Novo Scotta Site 31 te 

Brit TetKom 4 X 7 


i Cable wire 


Cadburv Sch US 


Caradon *27 

Coats Vlyrite 274 

Communion 679 

I Court aulas 509 

ECC Grow 5.16 

I Enterprise Oil *42 

Eurotunnel 6,10 

FIsots 161 

Forte 2 X 4 

GEC 141 

GeniACC 7 X 5 

Gfcno 670 

GrondMet 4*4 

GRE 237 

Guinness U* 

JGUS *13 

Alcan Aluminum Jng 29 %. 
Bank Montreal Jft 79 % 

Ball Canada fl *3 

Bamamwr B Mf .5 M*a 
Comblar 22 v> 22 

r wn H r la 7 * 

Dominion Ted A 8 % 85 b 
Donahu* A 2 SV. 25 % 

MacMillan BI 21 % 22 

Natl Sk Canada 11 UMi 
Power Cam 2244 23 

Oueaectei Ziv+ 21 % 

H 5 BC Hides 


Donohue A 2 SV. 25 % 

MacMillan BI 21 % 22 

NatlBhCanodo 11 11 % 

Power Com 2344 23 

Queaec Te< ziv. 21 % 

QvebocorA i«» I 9 te 

Oueotcsr B 19 % 19 % 

Teiertobe 20 >i 2 B 4 s 

■Univa 7 % 7 tk 

.vuniron itu tt’a 




Astra A 

Atlas CoOCO 

Etectrokn B 
investor B 
Norsk Hydro 
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329 334 

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134 131 

186 181 
247 2 W 
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145 144 

a « 
198 200 

219 2 U 
137 140 

440 444 

B 830 8*50 

637 629 

1746 X 0 

BC Telecom 
SF Realty Hds 
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Sutler PC 915 923 

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4*70 4090 Aar 95 

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6966 6615 
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4220 4250 
7800 7800 
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7120 2093 

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1457 1450 
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WAN 77-55 JOT 94 0*25 B*% 0 US 

1 SM0 73 X 0 ALr 9 e 15 X 6 87 X 0 U20 

89 X 0 743 ! Apr 9 * *SX0 81 X 0 15 X 0 

102 X0 73 X 0 May 94 8SX8 8*50 MJC 

89 X 0 7 *. to JOT 94 »SJS BSX 5 SSJS 

10295 71 X 0 AD 94 85 X 0 BM 0 SUM 

kuo 74 je*ap 9 t ssm asjto ejo 

IblXO TSJJDecW 86 X 0 . 8*80 8070 

9*50 76 X 0 Jot 93 

9 VOO 73 X 0 Feb 95 CSJO 0*40 85 X 0 

8*50 4270 Mar 95 87 X 0 07 X 0 07 X 0 

B 20 O 76 XSMay*S 

87*0 .»tflJJul 9 S . . 

seun 7 SJ 0 AW 9 S 

0*50 79 . 10 S®> 95 

87 .W 75 X 0 Oct 93 

87*0 77 - 75 N 0 V 95 

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SLVBl OtCMXS vnwrac-croi>rw+a 

5 * 4 X 36*5 Jan 94 

5 S 2 X 4610 Feb 94 

55*5 36 * 0 Mor 94 50*0 SMX * 0*0 

BIS 371 XMpy 94 5118 2 KX S 09 X 

565 X 371 XJUI 94 J 15 X S 2 X 0 SMX 

MLS 37 & 3 SOP 94 S 17 X 517 JI 5 C 7 X 

572 X 3920 Dec 94 SMX 531 J SOX 

54 U 481 X JOT 9 $ 

572 X 41 * 5 Marts 5 ZL 0 SMX S 32 X 

584 X 41 * 0 Moy 99 

B 5.0 «*QJu» 9 S 

BOO 45 O 05 OT 95 

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427 X 0 334 X 0 JOT 94 

428 J 0 315 X 0 Apr 94 3 BL 9 390 X 0 281 X 0 

428 X 0 35 X 0 Jut 94 31 X 50 390 X 0 383 X 0 

05 X 0 36*000094 

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< 10 X 0 33 X 20 Apr 94 313 X 0 30*90 382.10 

417.0 339 X 0 JOT 04 3 HJ 0 MX 30438 

41*00 341 X 0 AuaM 390 X 0 390 J 0 39*10 

417 X 0 344 X 0 Ort 04 

42*50 34186 DK 94 391 J 8 384 J 0 310 X 0 

411 X 8 363 X>FOT >9 39 CL 30 381 X 0 3 RUD 

417.06 IHRMtS 

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412 X 0 380 . 50 Aug VS 
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8 X 08 * O 5 R 0 SOTM 0 X 640 . 0 X 640 0 X 640 0 X 6 B 
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Eftsates NA. TW* 9 rta VJJ 6 
TUB'S open ini 15 U 43 IP 88 
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Est. sates NA Turts. sates 19 J 9 S 
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-IS 3 M 2 J 

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74 X 0 57 X 7 Moy 94 7*30 7430 7158 

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59 X 0 49 X 1 Dec 94 58 X 0 3*31 JOJO . 

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To our readers in Frahee . 

It's never been easier to subscribe 
and save with our new toll free • 
service. 1 

Just call us today at 05-437-437 

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Qnn. Research 


l^p Morris ProaFaDs in Quarter 

NEW YORK (Combined 

Wedaraday that its profit last 

I because o las decision to cut UA SSe <*5457 mDlkn. 

mdostiyS^ price var. In November, the 
, or « percent of its worldwide wtxk force. { dr, ffu- 

Scott Paper to EIiiuinate 8^300 Jofcs : 

i > mm , iM-r-mn a j a n\ cmm f!o. said Wednesday that it 

kjwsbJi ouva w — -.7 . . .- 

' phtladflphia fAPI — Scott PflpH Co. said Wednesday ttat it 
25 ^^ 8300 jobs, te it a tuffite to 

brine its costs mtQ fine writ comp^iW 1 *- (WrtVv . 

^SmU joined other big manufactwws airf 

Dies that recently have maAs drastic payroll cuts and closed factories in 
hooes of < ttirh in e iu> nrjth mare productive avals. • _ . 

■ T £f ccrapany also said it would take a $381 
charge after taxes, leaving a net fourth-q“* rter 

and voluntary retirements, wiH reduce Scott 5 payroll to 24 , TOO from 
33,000 within three years. 

Submarines Lift General Dynamics 

FALLS CHURCH, Virginia (Bloomberg) — Gojeral Dynamics Coip. 
posted a slight increase in fourth-q aa rt er ; eam ^ n |j s from continuing 
operati ons; as the c om pany began to recognize prowls from several lay 

nuclear submarine projects. - . . ^ , 

The drfase contractor reported earnmgs from ccnmnnng qpendK»BOt 
S 64 mfflioa, or S 2 jQ 2 adare, &an$ 60 nrillioii, crS 153 , ayear ago. The 
f 1992 a $95 million tax credit and a $1 4 minion arter-tax 

earnings of $169 rx^ian, or $ 5.43 a share. . ■ 

The latest quarter was marked by the initial recognition of earnmgs 
from the VS. Navy’s Seawt^f nudaar sobmarine program, as well as 
increases from the Trident and 688 -Oass projects, the company said. 

Gil Revenue Boosts Da Pont Gah| •# > 

WILMINGTON, Delaware (AFPJ — Du Pont Co. on Wednesday 
reported net ear ni ngs of million in the fourth cpiaiter,^ as revenrre 
from its' Conoco oil ctnnpany surged 72 peacent, compared with a toss of 
$230 million a-year earlier. 

The ihnrtina tYs ctenMcal company said earnings far 1993 were $555 
millio n or 81 cents a share, compareu with a toss of $ 3.9 billion in 1992 .“ 
The fourth-quarter results amotmted to 33 cents per share. 

The foarth-qnarter «*rmng s indaded a net charge of $103 mill i o n fas 
iegjd expenses primarily related to the recall of the run©cide Benkte and 

S r ^S« I S , the^»^ C ftw I |usmeS i Mes, ‘m-Sa OcJtS 

Decmnber’pericTd rose to SSL 2 billjon, conq 7 «red to$ 9. 1 billion a year ago.- 

BETHLEHEM, ftamsyfvama^ ^(Cdanbined^ ^Dispatches) — Bethlehem 
Sted Corp. reported a fourth-quarter loss Wednesday of $242.6 mfllka 
after rating a $290mfflk»i charge to cot 2,{XX}jobs in a revised plan to 
restroctnre its strnetoalprodocts buriness. V. 

During the like period in 1992, the company rgxirted a Joss of S 562 
minim i F«H rui nr g the Testmcturing, BethMieni saidit had d 

profit of $47 nrilHau far the quarter. Quarterly sales Increased 14 percent 
i to $1.13 bilikm. 

The restructuring^ included a jpprjtonrarioc of its structural products 
business to concentrate on ma&^afcre common in low-rise building?. 
Reduced higMse construction, coataned-Jow-occnpancy rates in oom- 
mercial buikiings and ddaysm.6£rd7u3ding(tf the narions infrastructure 
were cited as reasons for me mbefeancation- ' (Af. Bloomberg} 

For die Record ^ 

NOt Cotpn asobskfiaryof Amaic^TdephoileifeTelegr^Cxx, said 
Wednesday that h would dungpfts.llQ-year-o 3 dnanie to AT&T Global 
Information Strfutioias toq^ftafiaft o&theiftsqfiiy ef^m u rotco^any: 
The old name wig be Teiainad-W-NC^ant<a^l^ and 

checkout scanners ^ ^ ^ . *•.' - •* j- * ;• . , (AP) 

Eastman Kodak Co, rdR ^iftodo^^ k^-prieM j^om^phK^ ^ 
aimed atprioe-consrioos fihnbuyas seasons sri^Smaales are 
tradhkfflalfy riow. Kodak bb offered 

twice a year— in April and October -^andprmed about 2 ft|>ereeniloncr 
than its Gold Phis line. . • r * ■ : (Bbomberv) 

r, ^ 
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Page II 

Every Saturday, the International Herald Tribune publishes The Money Report, a weekly section that provides 
a penetrating analysis erf finan cial products and services available to today's high-net-worth investor. 

For timely investment information, read The Money Report. 


n NL.M11V Arm mr. ni« V)Wi> twc« w till wamipiutwi run 


Page 13 


Optimistic View 
From Rexrodt 
Meets Doubts 


BONN — Germany is on the 
road to economic recovery and will 
emerge strengthened From its worst 
postwar recession. Economics Min- 
ister Gfinter Rexrodt asserted 
'Wednesday in a report immediately 
criticized as unrealistic by German 
industry and political opponents. 

Presenting the government's eco- 
nomic report, which outlines the 
forecasts on which its planning is 
based, Mr. Rexrodt said the Ger- 
man West would not start booming 

Consumer Prices 
Up in Germany 

A genet France -Prase 

BONN — Consumer prices in 
Western Germany rose by 3.4 per- 
cent in January compared with 
January 1993. according to provi- 
sional figures released Wednesday 
by the Federal Statistics Office. 

Economists called the announce- 
ment a pleasant surprise. Hans- 
Hdmut Kotz at Deutsche Girozen- 
trale in Frankfurt said that the 
latest figure, well below the 3.7 per- 
cent annual rate for December, 
“proves that the tendency to a 
downtrend in inflation is now an 
inherent part of the system." He 
added that the Bundesbank there- 
fore “enjoys the room For maneu- 
ver it needs to continue with its 
policy of cautious reductions of in- 
terest rates." 

He noted that some analysts had 
said recently that because of the 
Deutsche mark's weakness against 
the dollar, the central bank did not 
have sufficient margin to cany on 
with its policy of small rate cuts. 

this year but would show steady 

Rq'ccting opposition charges 
that he was trying to present a rosy 
picture in a major election year, he 
said estimates of Western growth 
of 0.5 to I percent and pan-Ger- 
man growth of I percent to IJ 
percent in 1994 were realistic. 

Mr. Rexrodt said the depth of 
the 1993 recession, during which 
the Western economy contracted 
1.9 ;perceni. bad prompted a major 
retninkiag; of the way the country 
does business. 

“Germany will emerge strength- 
ened from the recession," he said. 

The opposition Soda! Demo- 
crats dismissed the report as frivo- 
lous and unrealistic, and the Feder- 
ation or German Industry called 
thejjrowih forecasts optimistic. 

Ihe federation, known by its 
German initials BDI, said it still 
did not see the breakthrough that 
would lead to a recovery in 1994. 

“With the exception of exports," 
the federation added, “the BDI 
judges the prospects for all other 
components — private consump- 
tion, public consumption, private 
and public investment — less fa- 
vorably than the government" 

According to the annual report 
which was widely leaked lost week, 
1994 could turn out to be' even 
better than current forecasts, with 
boosts coming from external trade, 
stock-building by German compa- 
nies, housing construction and cor- 
porate investment 

But the recovery will not be 
strong enough to prompt German 
companies, which are still cutting 
staff, to start rehiring, it said, and 
unemployment will increase as 
much as 450.000 this year. 

Some See Silver Lining for Siemens 

Lots of Troubles Behind, but Changes Bold Promise 

By Ferdinand Protzman 

New York Tima Sorter 

BONN — Despite a jolt of surprisingly bad 
news earlier this month, some gutsy analysts 
are sticking with Siemens A.G„ Germany's 
largest electronics company. They said the 
worst was behind Semens, making (he compa- 
ny a solid blue-chip pick over the next year. 

“Siemens is becoming much more competi- 
tive globally, and their products hold a lot of 
promise for the future,'* said Manfred 
Piontke, who follows the company for Bank 
Julius Bar in Frankfurt. 

While German industry has struggled 
through the nation's worst recession since 
World War II, Siemens appeared relatively 
immune. Profits and sales in the year ended 
SepL 30 edged slightly higher and prospects 
looked decent for further gains this year. As a 
result, many equity analysts were recom- 
mending the company's shares. 

Then reality hiL On Jan. 13. Klaus- Her- 
mann Baumann, the company's chief Finan- 
cial officer, said net profit was likely to drop 
10 percent to 15 percent this year, the previ- 
ous year's net profit totaled I.9S billion Deut- 
sche marks (SI .22 billion) on sales of 81.7 
billion marks. 

European financial markets were stunned. 
Siemens stock immediately tumbled 4.8 per- 
cent, to 726 DM a share, in trading on the 
Frankfurt Stock Exchange. On Wednesday, it 
ended at 716 DM, down 6.20 DM (or the day. 

The bleak earnings forecast caused some 
analysts to quickly switch the company to 
their sell lists. 

“Their earnings expectations were a sur- 
prise," Mr. Piontke admitted. Yet he is still 
confident. ‘There appears to be a change of 

'Siemens is becoming 
much more competitive 
globally. 9 
Manfred Piontke, 

Bank Julius Bar. 

thinking." be said. “Siemens seems very fo- 
cused on improving its profit margins and 
operating earnings, which had slipped in re- 
cent years. That is real change." 

But in the near term, these improvements 
may not be apparent. 

Although net profit rose in the first quarter, 
to 415 millioo DM from 406 million DMand 
sales increased to 17.3 bQUaa DM from 16.9 
billion DM. the Siemens rfwirpMn, Heinrich 
von Pierer, cautioned against making “hasty 
conclusions regarding the entire fiscal year 
based on our first-quarter performance." 

The reason : the results reflected extraordi- 
nary factors like consolidating the financial 
accounts of Osram Sylvania Inc., which it 
bought last year, onto Semens' books. A fall 

of the mark against the dollar also added to 

Far the full year, Mr. von Pierer said, “with 
hardly changed sales and farther price and cost 
pressure, the results of operating anils won't 
see as strong a recovery." 

That translates into continued heavy losses 
at Siemens Nixdorf Iufonnationssysleme 
A.G., the computer division of the company, 
as well as in its semiconductor business. 

At the same time.saks in its core business, 
public tdeHHnmiimcations, have been - 1 de- 
clining as foreign suppliers begin to make 
inroads into the German market, where Se- 
mens had long provided nearly half of an 
equipment bought by the government tele- 
communications monopoly. 

The competition in telecommunications 
may turn out to be a boon, however. It has 
prompted Sianens to adopt an aggesave ap- 
proach to cost-cutting, an area in which crit- 
ics contend the company has been passive. 

Mr. von Pierer said (hat Siemens will cut 
more than 10,000 jobs from its work force OF 
400,000 by the end of this fiscal year, after 
having eliminated 13,000 positions the previ- 
ous year. 

But the chairman knows that investors are 
not looking at the future right now. “At the 
moment," be said, “many people are lo ’ 
just at current earnings, not at tire 
things Siemens is doing." 

| Investor’s Europe 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

liUEfniima] Herakfl Tribune 

Very briefly: 

Germany Lifts Law Limiting Shop Discounts 


BONN — The German cabinet 
agreed Wednesday to scrap a 60- 
year-old law preventing shopkeep- 
ers from offering discounts of more 
than 3 percent to individual cus- 

Economics Minister Gamer 
Rexrodt said there was no longer 
any justification for maintainin g 
tire law, known as the Rabattgesea. 

“Lifting the Rabattgesetz will 

enable buyers and sellers in the 
future to agree on the price of. 
goods freely, as is already de facto' 
the case for larger consumer items 
such as cars and furniture," he said. 

Free competition should include 
the right for retailers to determine 
the most appropriate pricing poli- 
cies for themselves. 

"Consumers are also mature 
enough to negotiate the price of 
goods," Mr. Rexrodt said. 

■ The government argues that the 
law has kept prices arnfidally high 
by making it illegal for stores to 
offer once -off discounts of more 
than 3 percent on specific items to 
individual customers rather than 
general reductions. 

The European Commission had 
also begun legal proceedings 
against Germany, arguing that the 
law contravened European law. 

Mr. Rexrodt said that, like other 

deregulation measures planned by 
the government scrapping lire law 
would have a positive meet on eco- 
nomic growth. The law coukl be 
passed by parliament before its 
summer recess. 

The government remains divided 
over the future of an even more 
irksome piece of legislation for 
shoppers, the shop-dosing law that 
severely limits the hours shops can 

• Volkswagen AjGL’s four-day workweek, scheduled to take effect this 
month, will not officially start until March, but it already has begun 
cutting back hours. The workweek will fall from 36 to 28.8 hours. 

• Russia will decide by Friday — the deadline set by the European Union 
— whether to cut aluminum output as a first step to end a global glut. 

• Lafarge Coppfe SA, a French cement and concrete company, expects a 
' si gnif icant increase in net profit this year and said 1993 sales probably 
'would be in line with 1992 s 30.45 bHiion French francs (S5.16 billion). 

• Spain is to privatize 10 percentof Empress N adorn! de Ekctriddad SA 
in the spring and hopes to bring in 2 00 billion pesetas ($1.6 billion). 

-a The Bank of Portugal reduced on Wednesday (he rate on certificates of 
-deposit from 9.75 percent to 9.50 percent and the repurchase rate from 
10.75 percent to 1050 percent. 

■ Internationale Nederfanden Creep NV is holding talks to sell its Dutch 
(life reinsurance activities to a consortium of institutions led by Citicorp 
associate. AP. Roam. Bloomberg. AFX, AFP 


Revenue and profits or 
losses, in minions. 


Northern Telecom 
4th own-. 1993 m2 

Rowenue 1«8. 2541. 

Nei inc. in 5 .no 2 sun 

Pw Shore 0.47 IJXZ 

Year IH1 im 

Revenue 5.1-w ps. 

N«l Inc (o)B 84 jO 53600 

Per Share — 7.17 

a: Loss. Results In US. doJ- 

United States 

A loo Standard 
id ttoar. im ms 

Revenue 1.922. 1.444. 

Oner Net 3155 2474 

Oner Shore— 040 052 


4th Quar. 1993 1992 

Revenue 738Z 7,239. 

Net Inc sfifoo 54&00 

Per Snare 1.17 1.1D 

Year 1993 1992 

Revenue 28522. 20219. 

Net inc 1520. (o)745 

Per Shore— 144 — 

or Loss. Nets Include ootosot 
Sin million to im Quarter 
and charges of sm minion In 
im Ml veer. 

Armstrong worW Ind. 

4lh Osar. 1991 1993 

Revenue _ 42440 600.10 

Net LOSS 2X00 1540 

Year 1993 1992 

Revenue 2J2S. usa 

Mel Inc 4150(0)227.7 

Per Share 122 — 

a: Loss. 

Atlantic Richfield 
4tti Boar. 1993 1992 

Revenue 4J57. 4.978. 

Mel inc (a)3J0.0 37200 

Per Shore — 2J0 

Year 1993 1993 

Revenue 18487. 18448. 

Nei Inc 249JMP 303.83 

PerSwre— 144 456 

1903 Quarter not includes 
ch aroe a o/ S487 million. 

Baxter inti 

4th Quar. 1993 1993 

Revenue 2J9S. urn. 

Net Inc [a)592.0 11440 

Per Shore — 0M 

Year 1993 1993 

Revenue ■ 8579. 847). 

Net inc [o)i9&0 44U» 

Per Shore — 156 


4th Boar. 1993 1993 

Revenue - 4125. 1910. 

Net inc la 1776.0 3S3>*0 

Per Shore— — 0.72 

Year 199] 1992 

Revenue—— Ba 1SJ0J 

Net Inc 080.10 1418. 

Per Share— - IJ7 130 
a: loss. 

Capital Clties/ABC 

MONT. 1993 1*92 

Revenue — iJSf M«L 
Net Inc 14474 137JP1 
Pw Share— IMS 8J8 

Year 1993 1991 

Revenue 5474. 5544. 

Net inc - 45534 34409 

Per Share— 2779 1482 


4th Boar. 1993 1993 

Revenue WOO. 

Net Inc 29400 1584 

Per Share 8.9! 130 

Year 1993 1992 

Revenue— J7.100. 39 ,?®o. 

Net Inc 1745. 1J49. 

Per Shore U9 443 

Year 1993 1992 

Revenue 37541. 38552. 

Net Inc 555xs;a] 3.927 

Per Share 081 — 

a: Lass 

DRUGS: One-Stop EU Approval? 


4th (Her. 1993 1993 

Revenue 27541 30791. 

Net inc IJDOl 1400 

Pw Share— 150 1.12 

Year 1993 1991 

Revenue — 1WL977. 117,104 

Net Inc 5580. 4JM- 

Per Share 421 379 

-. ■ NWS include oatos a! SI 13 

DU Poo) million vs. SIB million In 

MU Quar. im m3 oaartea and oi million 

Revenue 9484 9500. &J 3 " mlnfofl Si lull Years. 

Nei Inc - 22650(0)2340 rear net also Includes 

Pw Share— »n _ charge at see million. 

Disney (Walt) 

Id Quar. 1994 1993 

Revenue 2727. 2591. 

Oner Net — 34456 275.11 
Oper Share— 040 050 

Continued from Page 9 

application need only be made to 
the national authority of the coun- 
try concerned. 

For innovative drugs or those 
developed using biotechnology, an 
application will be made directly to 
the Union. EU authorities in Brus- 
sels have the final say, and their 
dedaon is legally binding for all 
member states. 

' Ideally, this process would re- 
duce both the time and cost of 
approval, for drug companies. For 
consumers, it could mean more and 
possibly cheaper drugs. 

“A centralized decision- making 
body will put much-needed treat- 
ments onto tbe market more quickly 

and with a great deal Jess bureaucra- 
cy," said Axel Granitza, a spokes- 
man for Schering AG in Berlin. 

But Mr. Ref sum and other ana- 
lysts believe that EU nations will 
end up requiring most pharmaceu- 
tical products to be processed 
through the multistate procedure 
of mutual recognition. 

In that case, Mr. Refsum said, 
the new drug-safety authority may 
prove to be “just be another fine of 


The primary problem, he and 
other analysts said, is that the agen- 
cy’s powers will not go far enough. 

“It's a nice idea if you $et instant 
approval," one analyst saxL “But it 
will only be useful if vou have just 
one agency to talk to, like the FDA." 

The main problem is that pricing 
and reimbursements — the incen- 
tives governments offer companies 
to manufacture a drug in their 
country — are not standard in all 
EU countries, Mr. Granitza said. 

“Obviously, a government is go- 
ing to approve a drug more readily 
if the company has a production 
plant in their counby or is going to 
make the drag there," Mr. Ref sum 

For any drug it wants approved, 
a company has to negotiate with 

(he government agency. If the price 
is too high, the drug is not ap- 

Furthermore, prices vary from 
country to country, depending on 
exchange rates, trading margins 
and the different rates of value- 
added tax, Mr. Granitza said. 

That means there will be sub- 
stantial economic difficulties in 
marketing new products Europe- 
wide," said Carola Fink- An the, a 
health-policy official at Boehringer 
lngelheim GmbH in Germany. 

. Tbese probkms lead many to be- 
lieve the new approach will fall 
short of the EU goal in creating tbe 

“In a real single pharmaceutical 
market," tbe Union said in an offi- 
cial document outlining the role of 
the agency, “products should be 
marketed with identical conditions 
of use, and should benefit from an 
expedited and scientifically based 
evaluation, protecting consumers' as 
well as industry’s interests.” 

With one-stop approvals, the EU 
estimates tbe cost erf clearing a new 
drug to be 200,000 European Cur- 
rency Units (£222,000). 

But Mr. Granitza noted that tbe 
figure would not apply to the large 
majority of drugs, since they would 
still have to go through the multi- 
stale procedure — and companies 
would still have to pay fees to the 
various national authorities. 

Tbe EU also contends tint its 
new one-stop authority will cut ad- 
ministrative costs to between 22 
million Ecus and 27 million Ecus in 
1995. That is compared to com- 
bined costs of more than 250 mil- 
lion ecu per year for the 12 national 

But since the new agency will not 
fully replace national authorities 
for seme lime, savings wiQ not soon 
be realized — by the European 
Union or (be pharmaceutical com- 
panies that contribute to the new 
agency's budget. 

Lufthansa Attacks U.S. 
For 'Half Deal’ on United 

AFP-Exid News 

FRAN KFURT —The chair- 
man of Deutsche Lufthansa 
AG, Jurgen Weber, criticized 
She UjS. Department of Trans- 
portation for granting only par- 
tial approval to Lufthansa's 
proposed code-sharing alliance 
with United Airlines. 

According lo the text of a* 
speech to be delivered in Wash- 
ington. Mr. Weber said tbe de- 
partment “is discriminating 
against United and Lufthansa 
as it has granted similar code- 
sharing approvals toother UJL-. 
European alliances." 

“Half a deal is no deal," Mr. 
Weber said in the speed) that 
was to be given Wednesday to 
the International Aviation 
Club. He urged the department 
to reconsider and approve the 
full proposed code-sharing 

A Lufthansa spokesman in 
New York said tbe Department 
of Transportation on Mooday 
decided to allow Lu fthansa to 
use code- sharing arrangements 
in tbe United States but not to 
permit United to do so in Ger- 
many and Europe. 


TRUMAN: Briton to Head Conde 

Continued from Page 9 

considered one of the magazine 
success stories of the 1990s. 

T think what he did was invent a 
magazine that was exactly right for 
a generation to grasp," Mr. New- 
bouse said. 

Nonetheless it is Mr. Truman’s 
.only significant achievement, and 
people within the industry wonder 
if his experience has prepared him 
for his weighty new job. 

Before coming to Details be 
worked as a news and arts reporter 
for a weekly London newspaper. 
The Hampstead Highgaie Express, 
and as American editor and colum- 
nist for the British style magazine 
The Face, while contributing to 
other publications. 

With the ascension of Mr. Tru- 
man, who was born in Nottingham. 
England, (he notion of the home- 
grown American editor seems to 
vanish further into the distance. 
Several of Mr. Truman's compatri-' 
ots already hold important posi- 
tions for Newhouse: Tina Brown, 
editor of The New Yorker; Anna 
Wintour, editor in chief of Vogue, 
and Harold M- Evans, publisher of 
the Random House Adult Trade 

One of the few editors at Conde 
Nast who has not worked with Mr. 
Liberman was Paige Rense, editor, 
in chief of Architectural Digest, 
which was acquired by Condfe Nast 

last year and which has offices in 
Las Angeles. 

Asked bow she felt about Mr. 
Truman’s appointment. Ms. Rense, 
who is in her 60s, replied, “If he 
starts idling me what to do, 1 am 
j to spank him and send him to 
without his dinner." 


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Wednesday's Prices 

NASDAQ prices as of 4 p.m. New York time. 
This list com piled by the AP, consists of tbs 1 000 
most traded securities in terms ol dollar value, h is 
updated twice a year. 



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Page 15 


- ( 



Japanese Leader 
Unlikely to Bow 
To U.S, onTrade 


TOKYO — Japanese officials 
hope to avoid a U.S.- Japan trade 
brawl at a bilateral summit meeting 
next month, but say that Prime 
Minister Morihiro Hosokawa will 
not bow to tough US. demands 
whatever the fate of Ms belea- 
guered government 

A Japanese trade official said 
Wednesday that Mr. Hosokawa 
would tell President Bill Clinton 
that numerical targets were ‘im- 
possible and so be can't promise 
them.” He added. “That is a ques- 
tion of principle.” 

Mr. ttosokawa is to meet Mr. 
Clinton in Washington on Feb. 11 
to discuss progress under a July 
economic framework accord aimed 
at cutting Japan’s huge trade sur- 
plus and improving access to spe- 
cific market sectors. 

So far. there has been little pro- 
gress to discuss. 

US. officials in Washington said 
substantial stumbling blocks re- 
mained after two-day talks there 
ended Tuesday. 

The Japanese were a bit more 
upbeat, pointing to progress and 
reiterating determination to reach 
an agreement. 

For Mr. Bosokawa, the meeting 
is hardly bis first priority. His five- 
month coalmen government suf- 
fered a major Mow on Friday when 
the Diet's upper house rgected its 
program for political change. 

On Wednesday the coalition was 
making a last-ditch effort to sal- 
vage the reforms, but the outlook 

was unclear. The posable scenar- 
iosranged from a last-minute vic- 
tory for Mr. Hosokawa’s reform 


With Mr. Bosokawa scrambling 
at home, some Japanese officials 
privately feared be could cut a deal 
whh Washington. One government 
source said “Some trade officials 
don't want Bosokawa to go. It is 
Quite dangerous." He added that 
former Prime Minister Knchi 
Miyazawa “left us a heavy burden." 

The situation resembles that 
when Mr. Mxysoawa reached the 
framework accord with Mr. C3m- 
ton. Fearing his scandal-ridden 
Liberal Democratic Party would 
lose its 38-year hold on power in 
looming elections, Mr. Miyazawa 
poshed for a pact in hopes of prov- 
ing that the liberal Democrats 
were better than their rivals at 
managing vital U.S.-Japan ties. 

Soon after, the Liberal Demo- 
crats lost the election and Mr. 
Miyazawa his job. 

In their haste, negotiators left 
key paints vague and set the stage 
for disputes mat are still (bragging 
on. High on the list is a disagree- 
ment over a danse catting far “ob- 
jective criteria, either qualitative or 
quantitative or both” to measure 
market-opening progress. 

Washington says the pact man- 
dates numerical indicators to mea- 
sure progress. Tokyo rejects that 
approach as managed trade. 

Malaysia vs. Speculators 

Foreign-Exchange Losses Spur Action 

fire tees 

KUALA LUMPUR — Malayan's central bank, 
re di ng from foreign-exchange losses, is waging wnr 
on speculators to maintain control over its currency, 
money dealers and analysts said Wednesday. 

Bank Negara has moved three times this month 
to choke off an influx of offshore activity that has 
sent Kuala Lumpur's normally calm money mar- 
ket into a taQspin. 

“Offshore Kinds were controlling the market 
whh their sheer size and volume," a dealer in 
Kuala Lumpur said. “I'd say conservatively it was 
reaching more than $5 bfllion a day.” The market 
usually averages activity of around 5300 million. 

A dollar was worth about L5450 ringgi t tarty in 
December, a level it maintained for much of 1993. 
But the Malaysian currency has faltered in recent 
weeks, and lie dollar was up to 17625 on Tuesdav. 
although it slipped to 17520 on Wednesday. 

Money dealers and analysts agreed that the 
central bank itself was at least partly to blame. 
“It's weD known in the market that they warned to 
show a year-end devaluation of the ringgit against 
major currencies to dress up their reserves on the 
books ” the Kuala Lumpur dealer said. 

Bank Negara, once known among dealers as one 

of the world's aggressive speculators, lost 10 billion 
ringgit fS3.6 billion) in 1992 in currency trading. 

Finance Minister Anwar Ibralum said in Singa- 
pore over the weekend that ibe hank’s foreign- 
exchange losses would he smaller in 1993. 

High interest rates in Malaysa drew substantial 
offshore short-term capital in 1993, fueling a 
stock-market rally and pumping extra money into 
die economy, analysts said. 

When Bank Negara bought dollars in late De- 
cember to weaken the ringgit in its window-dress- 
ing exercise, offshore hanks at first followed suit. 

“But offshore investors were long on ringgit so 
they began buying short-term instruments." tho- 
Kuala Lumpur dealer said. “They had the impres- 
ses the ringgit was artificially low." be added, “so 
wben it came to a weaker level they came in strongly 
to sell dollars for ringgit Thai antagonized tits 
[central] bank because the volume was so large. - 

To counter currency speculation by foreigners. 
Bank Negara has raised reserve requirements for 
offshore funds, draining billions of ringgit from the 
money supply'. Over the weekend, the hank banned 
the sale of short-term monetary instruments, includ- 
ing government securities, to nonresidents. 

Pact Offers Manila Fiscal Freedom 

Compiled Iff Ow Skiff Fmm Dispatches 

MANILA — Tbe Philippines and 
the International Monetary Fund 
agreed Wednesday to a three-year 
deal that would spur economic 
growth and hdp ease the country 
ooi of IMF stewardship. 

The package calls fra the IMF to 
lend the country $650 million over 
die next three years on the condition 
that the Philippines pursue eco- 
nomic reforms. 

The two sides have yet to settle on 

economic and defiai-reduetion tar- 
gets — issues that scuttled two 
rounds of negotiations last year. But 
both parties said ibey believed the 
new agreement would succeed and 
be the last under the IMF. which has 
supervised Philippine fiscal matters 
since (he 1960s. 

“We fed more confident because 
of the figures and the environment 
we have now " said Gabriel Singsoo. 
governor of the Central Monetary 

Officials involved in the talks said 
earlier the IMF still wanted the Phil- 
ippines io cm its growth targets 
Presidem Fidel V. Ramos said ibe 
deal would lead to increased invest- 
ment in the Philippines, increased 
economic growth and sustained de- 

The IMF and negotiators for the 
Philippine government praised Mr. 
Ram»ss “prudent macroeconomic 
poUries,” which have hdd down in- 
flation. (Rouen. Bloomberg. APi 

To Expand 
In China 

Canptici ft Our Shi/! From hyoidia 

HONG KONG — Seeking to 
catch up to Coca-Cob Co. in the 
buraeoaiDi Chinese market. Pep- 
siCo. Inc. announced plans 
Wednesday to open 10 bottling 
plants in China at a cost of S350 

A Pepsi statement issued in 
Hong Kong said a memo of under- 
standing was signed Tuesday in 
Beijing' with China's National 
Council of Light Industry. 

Pepsi said it would make the in- 
vestment over the next five years in 
“largely impenetrated regions of 
China." aiming to more than dou- 
ble its sales "in the world’s largest 
consumer market." 

The announcement said it would 
bottle Pepsi-Cola. Seven- Up and 
other soft drinks. 

Pepsi has opened 12 joint-ven- 
ture operations in China since en- 
tering that market in 1982. They 
are in Shenzhen. Guangzhou. Fuz- 
hou. Beijing. Shanghai. Nanchang, 
Guilin and Chengdu, including two 
concentrate plants set up in 
Chongqing last week. 

Com -Cola which first entered 
China in 1931. announced in Octo- 
ber that it would open 10 bottling 
plants over the next five years, 
bringing the total to 23 and its in- 
vestment in China to S500 million. 

“This agreement is an historic 
event for Pepsi-Coia,” said James 
Lawrence. Pepsi's regional presi- 
ded:. “We now have an opportuni- 
ty' to make a truly quantum leap 
forward and establish ourselves at 
the forefront of international in- 
vestment in this rapidly emerging 
market," be added. lAP. AFP) 

Investor’s Asia 

Hong Kong Singapore 
Hang Seng ‘ . Straits Times 


Nikkei 225 

1993 1994 



Wednesday Prev. 
CIOS6 ■ Close 



Hong Kong 

Hang Sang 


1 1,490.90 



Straits Times 





AH Ordinaries 





Nikkei 225 

1 9,1 38.21 



i Kuala Lumpur Composite 







1,447 60 



Composite Stock 





Weighted Price 










Stock index 




New Zeeland 






National Index 




Sources.- Reuters. AFP 

tnirnuimrul llntoJ Ti.runc 

Very briefly: 

Peat Marwick of Australia Settles Case 

By Joshua Mills 

New York Tima Service 

In one of ibe largest settlements 
agreed - to by an accounting firm, 
KJPMG Peat Marwick of Australia 
wiD pay $97 nuffico to ibe stare of 
Victoria, Australia, to settle charges 
involving its audit of a state-owned 
merchant hank that faded in 1989. 

After five months of negotiation, 
the Victoria govemmait and the 
firm announced the settlement in 
Melbourne on Tuesday, saying the 
accord was better than “protracted 
and expensive litigation extending 
for some years.** In agreeing to the 
payment. KPMG Peat Marwick did 
not admit wrongdoing in its audit- 
ing of Tricoatmeata] Cptp. 

John Harkness. executive chair- 
man of KPMG Peat Marwick of 
Australia, said the firm’s insurance 
would pay the full amount. “The 
sheer enormity of this case made the 
prospect of pursuing justice through 
the rom l legal rf»nnri* totally im- 
practical." he said. - 

The Australian firm is a member 
of a global federation of accounting 
firms known as KPMG Worldwide, 
which is based in Amsterdam. 

Victoria had sued in August 
1991, seeking $757 million. It coo- 
tended that KPMG Peat Mar- 
wick’s 1988 audit of Tricon tinental, 
the merchant-banking arm of tbe 
State Bask of Victoria, had failed 
to disdose its problems. The hank 

wasa big lender during the 1980s to 
high-profile Australian entrepre- 
neurs, including Christopher 
Skase, who tried to take over 
MGM/UA Communications Co. 
through his Qintex Inc 
Victoria's prime minister, Jeff 
Kennciu called the settlement “by 
far the largest reported payment in 
an audit negligence claim in Aus- 
tralian legal history." 

In November 1992 in the United 
States, Ernst & Young agreed to 

¥ ty $400 million to Resolution 
nisi Corp. and Federal Deposit 
Insurance Corp. to settle charges 
that the firm had improperly audit- 
ed federally insured banks and sav- 
ings institutions that later failed. 

In the second-largest settlement 
involving an accounting firm in the 
United States. Arthur Andersen & 
Co. agreed to pay tbe federal gov- 
ernment $82 million to settle claims 
that negligent audits contributed to 
the collapse of several associations. 

Triconunenial was $1.85 billion 
in debt when it collapsed. The stair 
government sold the State Bank of 
Victoria, including Tricontinental 
to Commonwealth Bank of Austra- 
lia in November 1990. 

Mr. Kennett said the settlement, 
along with the recoveries of im- 
paired debts dial were better than 
expected, would reduce the sale's 
projected loss from the sale to 
about 5646 million. 

State-Run Korea Telecom 
Sells Part of Mobile Unit 


SEOUL — Korea Telecom, 
the state-owned communica- 
tions company, said Wednesday 
it sold a 23 percent stake in a 
mobii- telephone unit to the Sun- 
kyong group, allowing the con- 
glomerate entry into the lucra- 
tive hut competitive industry. 

Three units of the Sunkyong 
group bought 1.28 million 
shares worth 427. 1 2 billion won 
IS528.0 million) of Korea Mo- 
bile Telecommunication Corp.. 
Korea Telecom said. A 44 per- 
cent stake was offered, but 21 

percent was not sold because 
bids were judged too low. 

Korea Mobile is the only 
South Korean company that in- 
stalls and operates mobile tele- 

A consortium led by Sun- 
kyong won a bid last year io run 
a" competing mobii phone com- 
pany. but it was forced to with- 
draw- after allegations of nepo- 
tism. The >oo of Sunkyong 
Industries Ltd.’s chairman is 
married to a daughter of Rob 
Tae Woo. the former South Ko- 
rean president 

» South Korea will fire Kim Young Suit president oT Bank of Seoul and 
Sunnocj Yoon, chief of Dong h»a Bank, for breaking a government ban on 
false-name accounts. Finance Minister Hong Jae Hyong said. Accounts 
held under pseudonyms have been used to funnel money for kickbacks 
and bribes. 

• Australia & New Zealand Banking Group Lid. had its debt ratings 
upgraded by Mood) ’s Investors Service, which said falling Australian 
interest rate’s would help it sell troubled real estate mortgages and rising 
demand for loans would boost profitability. ANZ’s senior debt was 
upgraded to A I from A2. 

• Foremost Foods Taiwan Ltd- which sells dairy products, will be acquired 
by Nestle SA for an undisclosed sum. subject to government approval. 

• President Enterprises Corp- a Taiwanese foou concern, plans to take a 
44 percent stake in a SU) billion Thai beverage and noodle factory. 

• May bank Bbd. of Malaysia said it earned 486.3 million ringgit (S176.1 
million > in the si\ months through December, a rise of 40.3 percent from the 
previous vear. and predicted full-} ear earnings of 895 million ringgit. 

• India’s economic growth forecast was cut to 4.0 percent for 1994 from 
an earlier 5.0 percent. Finance Minister Manmolun Singh said, citing 
slower -than -expected results from cyclical industries. 

AFP. Ph. roife-i--. IP. Reuters 

Insurer to Sue Former Chief 

bhi'ffihcrT hmiKe* Vtv > 

HONG KONG — Hong Kong’s 
second-largest life insurance con- 
cern. National Mutual Asia Ltd_ 
wfc*ch has lost up to a quarter of its 
sales force io a rival company, said 
Wednesday that it was suing its for- 
mer chief executive. Andrew Yang, 
for his pan in an alleged conspiracy 
against iL 

Mr. Yang, who has -.aid he was 
emigrating to Australia, resigned 
last week. Many or the company’s 
managers then quiL with maay be- 

lieved to tv udcame join a nval 
company. Too OJ«»r- Jmurance. 

National Mutual Asia, a subsid- 
iary of Australia's Nauonal Mutual 
Life, said it thought a quarter of its 
3,3tXl agents might now leave. 

“With today's reinstatement. Na- 
tional Mutual has effectively se- 
cured at least 75 percem of its total 
agency force, which has come under 
threat following Yang's resigna- 
tion." the company said. That re- 
vises earlier estimates that up io 30 
percent of the agents had resigned. 



t Group Op Service Companies 



leratms manager 

Both based in V/ussia 

You are around 32 years of age, in excellent abound health, and a graduate of a 
major hotel school or school of management Your professional experience to date 
wB have invoked either selling services, or managing people and profit centres, 
preferably ’m the catering sector. You must be fluent in French and English with, 
kieafy, a good knowledge of Russian. You wB have the strength of character and 
personafity to negotiate and/or manage service contracts in an extremely 
competitive environment Voir dynamism and fighting spirit are selfwdent and you 
are a strong Yeam-pfeyer". You have the mobility to undertake postings to various 
locations in Russia and the OS I Commonwealth of Independent States). Interpersonal 
slugs and toe wfl to win are among your natural quaSties. 

Expatriate, single-status terms wfll be offered, with tours of 5 months followed by a 
month's home leave. Accomodation and car are provided. 

These appointments are urgent, and you are asked therefore to submit a 
comprehensive appUcation/CV without delay, under ref. 99238/HRD, for forwarding 

toourcSent . 

Media System, 6 impasse des Deux Cousins, 7501 7 Pans, France. 

On behalf of a fast growing Fortune 580 Medical Device 

Company with European Sales of 400 MflBon US $ and 1400 

employees, we are looking fora dn/f) 

European General Counsel 

based at the European Headquarters in Brussels. 

The European General Counsel will: 

- manage and coordinate the provision of 
legal advice throughout Europe/ the 
Middle East and Africa. 

- be a member of the European Group 
Management Team and report to the 
Vice President of Legal Affairs, Europe. 

Profile: . ... 

- 8-10 years legal experience; 

- fluency in English/ French; knowledge 
of German appreciated; 

- Europen national or background with U.S. 
law experience; 

- capable of operating in a high technology 
environment; and 

- demonstrated skills in: (a) maior business 
transactions; (b) healthcare regulatory 
affairs; (c) EC law and (d) corporate 

Applications to be forwarded to: 

Box No.: 59 , 63 Long Acre, 

London WC2E9JH. 


CISCO SYTEMS, fhe world leading supplier of high perfomance, 
. multi-media and multi-protocol internetworking products, with a 
growth record which is amongst the fastest of any company in 
the world, seeks... 

Senior Coordinator 

for the European Product Marketing and Marketing Communi- 
cations Departments (35 km SW of Paris). 

This feed role requires a superb communicator and organiser, 
who will be responsible for running the departments: daily liai- 
son with worldwide partner companies, budget monitoring 
price list production, management of information How, as welt 
OS slide presentation, etc. At least 5 years proven mterorftond 
experience in office administration /coordination, gained pre- 
ferably m a marketing and/or hi-tech environment is essential 
for this busy new position. A flexible, sdhstarter w,lh a strong 
sense of team spirit are important qualities. English mother- ton- 
gue, fluent French and ideally good German, together with a 
high degree of computer literacy ore key. Age 23-28 yrs. 
Salary 180-220 KF. Please apply to our consultants; 

SHEILA BURGESS 1NTL 62 roe St.-lmare, 75009 Paris- 
Tel.: 33(1144 63 0257 huts 33 (1) 44 63 02 59 





Genacyi tat U5. 

US. urtunw'protBSjW w 
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10022 USA 

phomttnActo «fc*0r. 57M&P** 


aairti Ptw **t «3S 524)64 Fa* 
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executives available 

HAEVJUB HXJCAfS), few bond. 
ECONOMIC 4 mANClAt. jot* 
NAiET, 31, jpcootema m RUSSIA/ 
EASTBW aajPL *» edta n d*d, 
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The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), with offices worldwide, 
seeks qualified candidates for the following 4 positions, based in the Public Information 
Section, Division of External Relations, in its Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. 

1. Deputy Chief, Public Information Section 

2. Public Information Officer 

3. Associate Public Information Officer 

4. Associate Public information Officer 
Minimum Requirements: 

Advanced university degree in Social Sciences, International Relations. Journalism, or a 
combination of these, plus working experience within the media: 

1. Deputy Chief - a minimum of 10 years progressively responsible relevant professional 

2. Public Information Officer - a minimum of 6 years progressively responsible relevant 
professional experience 

3. & 4. Associate Public Information Officer (2 posts) - a minimum of 3 years relevant 
professional experience 

Languages: Fluency in English and French essential. Knowledge ot other languages an 

UNHCR offers competitive international salaries, benefits and allowances. 

Applications: with full curriculum vitae, including salary history, birthdate, nationality and 
references, should be sent to the Chief, RESS, UNHCR , Case Postale 2500, 1211 
Geneva 2 Depot, Switzerland, before 25 February 1994. Because of the number of 
applications expected, acknowledgments will only be sent to short-listed candidates under 
serious consideration. 

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So did nearly half a million well-educated, 
influential and successful readers. 

Shouldn 7 you too place 

your recruitment ad s in the 




Papre 16 



Unwanted Attention: Errors Put Cowboys’ Lett in Spotlight 

By Richard Justice 

Washington Pail Seme* 

ATLANTA — On a talkative 
team that relishes the attention of a 
Super BowL that fills up notebooks 
and delights in camera time, Leon 
Lett, a defensive lineman, is differ- 
ent . He is almost painfully shy. His 
voice is so soft it resembles a whis- 
per. if this Super Bowl is about 
Michael Irvin. Jerry Jones and the 
Dallas Cowboys mugging for the 
cameras, it is also about Lett's en- 
during them. 

He sat on the floor of the Geor- 
gia Dome and — sweating profuse- 
ly as dozens of reporters surround- 
ed him — stumbled through a 
couple of answers in trying to ex- 
plain pro fool ball's two most fam- 

ous bonebead plays of the last year, showed up for media day rather 
M I know there are a lot of people than risk a $10,000 fine from the 
out there that are going to take a National Football League. But he 
shot at somebody" he said. ‘’No seemed stunned as more and more 
matter what, it doesn’t matter. I reporters clustered around him. 
just uy to look past it." He began with a brief session 

-r don’t reaflv care too much that included about a dozen one- 

mauer what, it doesn’t matter. I 
just uy to look past it." 

-f don’t really care too much 
about bow people perceive me as 
long as I go out and work bard and 
feel that I’ve worked hard within 
myself,” he added. *i really can't 
worry about what someone else 
thinks about me." 

Asked what he had learned, he 
said: “People will take a shot at you 
whenever they get a chance. You 
just have lo persevere through that 
and keep working.” 

After declining roost interviews 
for the last several months. Leu 

might have been the most ridten- with the Cowboys leading, 52-17, it 
lous. Leon Lett of Fairbope, Ala- essentially meant nothing, 
hama l and tiny Emporia State Uni- Lett had recovered a fumble by 
verity in Kansas, wanted to be the Bills' Frank Reich and began 
almost anyplace dse on earth. Bw rumbling down the sideline toward 
he showed up and he survived. what would have been his fust 

*hnnW have warned touchdown. The Cowboys' 

Someone sh media guide points out that he set a 

SLTfciS Super Bowi record for the long*. 

He began with a brief session he showed up and he survived, what would have been his fust 
that included about a dozen one- Someone should have warned JS., 
sentence answers. Then, saying be him. Id the first Super Bowl re- SjSSj JSS 
had had enough, he stood up and ^ most of the world “f ^SW 1 . 

walked into the privacy of a tunneL j^ows about Troy Aikman and nm with a fumble, 64 yards. It fails 
Later, after some coaxing Tram Emmitt Smith. Jim Kelly and 

returned and sai m the stands for ^ b ^ fnjsh ^ ^ - 

another session. He seemed no less 

dimmer session. uc oswmu uv . . . . , 

uncomfortable, and after almost intriguing one at IhflL 

every answer, he looked pleadingly 
at the PR guy as if to say: “Have 1 
done enough yet?” 

In the long history of ridiculous 

Super Bowl media sessions, this 

On one level be must cany the 

preached the goal One, he began to 
celebrate and did not notice Don 
Beebe, a Buffalo wide receiver, ap- 
proaching from behind. 

Just before Lett crossed the goal 

people who had lost office-pool 
bets because of the ™ktaW But 
teammates took it for what it was: 

mb grnr cd*rate*_o« wetorjf a „„ nuaisr™i8 

hr airfjr. When he retooled .10 he _ „^ L Cowboys were 

Orw^s pracMeftcU.W. he SnX Miami Dolphins. 14-13, 
found a fooBaJl W jft-a handle Peie 

mpedto it madetas locker. SSKh'/S^SlddBOaliJJ 

“Sometime?-! wish J had never was Mocked by Jimmie Jones As 
picked up that ball,” Lett told the the ball scooted toward fee Dam s 
Dallas Morning News during train- end zone, three Cowboys formed a 
ing camp. . That play will follow semicircle around the - balL wasi stomd mstaimWe sB forMBKreasco .Lairusliedii. m on it He did nm 

ewily scored- it beam® a jiw ball at flan 

“People still come up and tell me point, add when it . rolled away 
they lost money because of roe.” . Erom him, ihe Dolphins recovered 
One mistake had erased the fact Lett had single-handedly Duped a 

a sack and forcing two fiim- 


Beats No. 14 

burden of a couple of incredibly One, Beebe knocked the ball away, 
bad mistakes. He made one the end No touchdown. Touchback. 
of Iasi year's Super Bowl, but since Lett received some hate mail and 

late in the fourth quarter letlero filled with racial dun from that Lett played an excellem game* 

Super Bowl’s Great Rushers 
Have Lofty Ambitions, Too 

By Thomas George , 

'Men- >*e* 7>«er Seme? jjf - vards .1 

ATLANTA — Mention Emmitt I“ m “ saJ f 
Smith and Thurman Thomas. Su- 11181 . 

“The difference in that has been 
the yards gained as a receiver.” 

it is spooky,” said the Dallas offen- 
sive tackle, Mark TuineL “It's not 

Srth "aid ThumZ TtaTsC 11181 ^ 

per Bowl XXVIirs sensational pair P os f be lead “ Scrimmage 
of running backs, and the first W**. I pnde myself on that my 

gained as a receiver, sive tackle, Mark i umet. it s not 
d. “if they didn’t use me all natural They obviously work at 
it wouldn't have been it.” 

f Both defenses will at first at- 
mnpl to lhwart ihese backs as pass 

thing that comes to mind is what P^s-Mtching abilities. It adds an- wilh linebackers. If that 

both do best: taking a handoff other dimenston to our offense and i~m, f„v .n. «.m~ 

from the quarterback and running * m , v You re always search- 
Jor the goal line. ing for new ways to getthe ball 

Rui in ibis Simer Rowl rematrh Smith is not sure why be is only 

-for the goal line. 

doesn't work, look for the safeties 
to join the effort. 

When they do. the offenses have 

But in this Super Bowl rematch am® » wn™ ne » 
between the Buffalo Bills and the D ° w 9*°*°* recogruthm as a re- ,usi what they want, defenses 

Dallas Cowboys, the defenses will «“• ._ . .... mi itaflyto 

soend extra time Drenarins for 1 fed Fve alwa y s bem able 10 stop the backs as pass catchers. 
EL aS sS «lch the ball, back in high school likely leaving the recovers more 

g-3 through college and m the pros, he open. 

These guys can hurt as softlv »“■ 7 he 8umbere “L m - v career 
through the air as easily as they caf. 11 8 ^ler player 

‘They both enjoy havmg wherevou catchit It's where footbaU. But when they force you 
that get up field and force - to do thin gs you don’t want to do. 

mercilessly on the ground. 

“They arc very similar that way,” 
said Dixon Edwards, a Dallas line- 
backer. "Thor both enjoy having 
receivers that get up field and force 
defenses to double them. They have 
tight ends that are good over the 
middle with those receivers, so, the 
linebackers have to drop deeper 
into coverage. 

“And then pow! h's a dump here 
or a screen there or a flare to those 
guys out of the backfield and the 
next thing you know they have 20 
yards. They are exceptional at mak- 
ing the fust tackier miss after the 

“I'd guess the Bills are talking 
about this. I know Jimmy Johnson 
will more than once before we mix 
it up with the Bills,” be said, refer- 
ring to the Dallas coach. 

In his first season Smith caught 
24 passes, then 49, 59 and this sea- 
son 57 despite missing the first two 
gomes. He caught nine more in 
playoff games against Green Bay 
and San Francisco. 

Thomas has compiled the fol- 
lowing totals for receptions in each 
of his seasons for the Bills: 18. 60. 
49. 62. 58 and 48. In playoff games 
against Los Angeles and Kansas 
Gty he caught eight passes and 
averaged 10 yards per catch. 

Smith is most often used as a 
receiver in the flat or on short book 
patterns near the middle. Thomas 
is master of the screen pass and he 
is more of a deep downfidd receiv- 
ing threat than is Smith. 

Thomas's ability as a receiver is a 
big reason why he has led the 
league in total scrimmage yards 
gained in each of the last five sea- 
sons. a National Football League 

moo. It rodt«you a better “*«* «?* «j» 

and more of a threat. I don't my ^ f °£ e *** P“® 

aboui cacjteg it deep. dawS *- «— f* J- !&£!« 

because we’ve got guys that excel at 
that. HI take the dump routes, ft's 

rush.” said Darren Woodson, a 
Dallas safely. “Thai’s just basic 

you wind up alter the catch.” 

Both players are masters at delay 
routes. They hide inside the line- 
men. occupy a defender for an in- 
stant as if they are blockers and 
then break free for easy catches. 

“You watch both of these guys as 

to do things you don't want to do, 
like changing your defense to ac- 
count more for passes to the backs, 
(hen they’ve got you spinning. 

“Since both teams have this 
weapon, it is going to be very inter- 
esting to see which team can eslab- 

oivieh provided with a 12-yard field 
goal for a 16-14 final score. - 

Lett said he was jost “reacting ro 

The firestorm of reaction in Dal- 
las and around the country- was 
‘something else. 

“Once I got oa the practice fisM, 
I didn’t let it bother roe,” be said. 

the week you don't sit around and 
think about those plays that you 
made and tel those plays affect the. 
next week So you shouldn’t let a 
bad play affect you.” 

The Cowtoys say there is anoth- 
er side to Lett's story. They say that 
at 6 feet 6 inches and 292 pounds,, 
he is one of the quidkest defensive 
linemen in pro footbalL Coach Jim- 
my Johnson stud he was capable of 
bong u a dominant player” and 
that he wasplaying the best foot- 
ball of Ins mein the last month. 
The Cowboys* defensive coordina- 
tor, Butch Davis, has compared 
him to Bob Lilly and Ed (Too Tall) 
Jones, the defensive stars of the 

The AssoauieJ Press ~ 

Because of Michael Smith, Prov- 
idence .brought down No. 14 Syra- 
cuse. ‘ • . . 

. Smith set a Big East record with. 

26 rebounds and scored 15 points, 
as the Friars halted a chra>gaxne 
losing streak with a 96-B2 victory at 
home Tuesday night. 

Smith broke the league mark ot 
23set by Syracuse's Danny Sdiayes 


against Georgetown in 1981. Smith 

-fed the coafaence into the 

g u r rie , averaging 12.1 rebounds. 

“1 told MDse. ‘You’re the gu£ 
you’ve gat set the tone for us.’ ” 
said Providence's coach, Rick- 
Barnes. “I Ihink our team plays off 
■ his emotion.'" 

Eric Williams scored 26 points 
and Franklin Western hod t9 for 
Providence (10-5. 4-4). 

Lawrence Moten scored 26 Tor 
the Orangemen (12-3, 5-5), while 
teammate John Wallace had 15 re-, 
bounds and 14 points. 

WiEams made 14 straight free, 
throws, helping the Friars to a big 
edge at the foul line. Providence - . 
made 32-of-39 foul shots while Syr- > ; 
acose wasjust 7-of-10. 

No. 6 Connecticut 91, VrSauow- 
67: Ctmnecticut, {laying at home, 
remained unbeaten in the Big East 
behind Donyell Marshall’s 28 
points. The Huskies (17-1. 7-0) are 
off to their best start ever and now* 
have beaten the Wildcats (6-8, 2-5) 
four straight times. 

No. 10 Temple 60, S L Joseph's 
46: Eddie Jones, who finished with 

runners and then add the double lisb it firmly. It could change the 
threat they possess as receivers and whole complexion of the game." 

TM CbvpI/JtCTicn 

Dallas tight end Scott Galbraith used a home video camera to join the ranks of die medfe in Aifamta. 

At the moment, virtually no one 
outside of Dallas knows that part 
of Leu’s story, or that tackle Rus- 
sell Maryland's iiqury has put Lett 
in the starting iznenp and that he 
has played as wdl as anyone.’ . 

“You guys make it seem like all 
he does is fumble things away,” 
said defensive end Charles Haley 
said. “He's a great player.” 


j gilar 

NBA Standings 

•Mantle Division 

LA LQkors 12 2* Jlft IS 

Socramenta n 27 JOS ISKt 

WMlUngton IS 2B 25 IB— n 

onando 2B as is as— U2 

Sacro w orto It 1i M B- 71 

Sol Antonio 30 at JB 23—1*7 

S: Simmon* B-12 0-2 12. Tlsdoie H M 17. 
Richmond 4-10 7-S 15. Bums M 3-4 12; S: 
Robmson 10-24 11-12 31. R«M B-ll 74 19. R»- 

S. Illinois n Indiana SI. M 
Wisconsin Si, Illinois 56 
Texas A&M 90. Texas ChrMton M 
Texas Tech M. Ma.-Konsas City » 

W L 


New York 

27 11 



24 16 



18 28 

A 74 

New Jersey 

18 21 



18 23 



16 23 



13 26 

Central Division 



27 10 



28 11 



22 18 



17 20 

AB 7 


16 21 



12 28 



7 27 


Midwest Division 

W L Pci 


30 7 


San Antonio 

28 14 



27 14 



18 21 



13 25 



2 37 

Pacific Division 



30 8 



27 11 



« 16 


Golden State 

21 16 


LA Clippers 

14 24 


W:GuanottaS-1S7-92XNUKLoanB-l44M14; boaod*— Sacramonto 47 tStrmnons 7). San 
0: Anderson 10-14 0-0 21. O'Neal 8-30 9-1021 Antonio 57 (Rodman 201. Assists— Spcramen- 
Rebounds— Washlnaton 43 (Gugllotta Duck- la 23 (Webb «). San Anfwla 21 (Robinson. Del 
north 61, Olando 57 (O'Neal 121. Assist*— Negro KnWit 4). 

Washlnaton 2* (Gugltotta 71, Orlando 27 LA C Hovers 
(Sklles 10). Seattle 

Ctartotb 3S 21 » 27- M LA CLIFF 

LA C Havers M 27 25 25-111 

Seattle 27 IS 27 17-103 

LA CUPPERS: Manning 11-18 54 27. 

NHL Standings 

Miami 41 23 35 20-117 Harper 15-21 5-7 S3; 5: Sdvempl *-M M 17. 

C : E Johnson 9-163-220. Moumkio 6-756 17; Gill 513 56 14. Pierce 7-17 2-2 15 RobOMMs— 
M: Rios 7- 16 4-4 2L SoHuKv 1512 57 3U. Smith Los Anaetes 52 (Harper TO), Seattle 50 
11-17 2-2 25. Rebs on d s — Charlotte 54 IMOum- (Schrempf O). Assists— Lai Anaetes 27 
Ing 15), Miami 52 (Setkaly 131. Assists— Char- (Harper. Jackson 6). Seattle 27 (Payton 7). 

Atlantic DMsiM 

lotto 77 (Bennett 51, Miami 27 iSmm 191. mem Jersey 
Phoenix 24 26 36 29—76 Portland 

New York M 20 27 25-70 NJ.: drier 

eer Jersey 31 26 31 27-177 

nrttand 31 2S 27 34—122 

NJ.: Colemon 513 46 22, Anderson 7-20 5* 

P: Green 51204 )A CebaHas I52S 510 34; 2 ); P:CRoMom» 152255 3B,5frlcMon<f 1517 
N.Y.; Smith 11-16 3-* 25, Ewlrta 11-24 24 24. 5-5 2S. Reboands— New Jersey 51 (Beniamin 
Starks 1522 54 21 Rebou n ds P ho e nix 47 7).Porttand51 (B-WHIk»msl5). AsHsTs— New 
(Miller 0), New York 51 (Oakley 181. Assists— Jersey 23 (Anderson 14), Portland 32 iSlrtck- 
Ptnentx 26 (Miller 11) .New York 27 (5tark9B). land HI. 

AttOMa 24 27 29 2a—fS 

Milwaukee 22 n 22 25-70 MalOT CQlleae SCOTCS 

A: Wilkins 517 7-723. Augmon 5175722; M: 

Brlckowskl 517 54 21, Edwards 1516 1-1 36. ox 

Rebounds— Atlanta 47 lAugman lOl.MIhrau- 5L Bqreivenluni 61. OT 




NY Rangers 





170 111 

New Jersey 





167 126 






















Tampa Bay 







NY Islanders 







Northeast omhn 


















































Vancouver 23 22 2 4S 140 157 

La> Angeles IS 39 6 <2 177 187 

Anaheim 18 20 4 40 140 157 

San Jase 15 22 10 40 126 153 

Edmonton 1* IV 7 31 ISO 178 


Ottawa 2 I 0-2 

Pittsburgh I I - 2— « 

First Period: p-Franch 17 (Molten, HM- 
lund) ; OSww 3 1 Yashin, Davydov 1 1 CHjond, 
9(Mc8otn.Razkfcn); (op) Joaisd Period:^ 
strata 16 (BrowaMesartey); Third Period: 
P-Streta 17 (Brown. JenrdnM); P-MuUen 26 
(Francis, McSartey); (pp>- Shots eg goal: O 
(an Wtagget) 14-7-7-30. P (on Modo ley 1T515 

puBoonm m o 0 2 1-4 

ascbM 2 1 3-4 

nrst Period: Q-Sundln 21 (Fraser, Bas- 

2 ' 48 MO 157 Noonan 10 (FL Sutler! ; GGrahom 1! (B.Sat- 
4 42 177 187 Mr,. Russell); C-Rcenick 29 (Mcdtean); 
4 40 140 157 (sh) Third Parfod:C-Naman ..Tl (Roenkk. 
10 40 126 153 smith); (op). C-QieHos 7 (a Sutter); (*h>. 
7 33 ISO 178 Sh**s on goal : C (an CbeveMbe) 5157-57. D 
, n . (an Betfour) T9-14-8— «. 

, . -_a St Loots . T. • •-* 

J f rj vneamr ■ • ‘ *--!'* W 

' . ' £7.'. FW PerML iPCorson 5 (Barw Short; 
rT iVnj M ol V-Gaunas 0 (Slegr. Bare!; lot*. SL- 
Jl'Ivf? Karpnu«oy7(Pr«Nh(pw)i SL-MontttotMry4 
(Mitcr.HWO.-SaaMd Period: StrOaOmmeT 
(J annoy); (pp): v-oeRaas 7. (Bore); Third 
Pertotl: None. Orettlme; ftoWSbolsoq goal:' 
(an McLean) I3-l1*NML-aLV(ettJotadt) 
node ley )T515 T3 ^ 7 . W0i 

second-half run that helped the 
Owls ( >2-2) beat longtime Philadel- 
phia rival Sl Joseph’s (7-8). 

No. 16 Wisconsin 66, IBinms 56: 
Michad Finley scored 17 points 
and Wisconsin (13-2, 4-2 Big Ten) 
improved to 10-0 at home. Deon 
Uioinas. averaging 20 points, was 
held to 16 and Kiwasc Garris, av- 
enging 18, had just six for Illinois 
(10-5,3-3). The mini shot a season- 
low 35 percent 

25 (Zbamnovl: LJV^Sandsirom 16 (KurrL 
Gratasty); Overtime: None: Sbet* ongeal! W 
ton Hradevi 12*- n- 2— 31. LA. (on Essenaal 
U2453— 4». 


New York » 1 '«-»• 

San Jam I I 

Rrsr PMed: sj^OmHMh 11 tLartonoy. 

sen); e-McKee 2 (Young. Ricd); Second Pe- WMtngy); (pc). N.Y . MesUe r 14 (Lander, 
rW: P-BrWrAmaur 13 (Berate*. OMaen),- Graves); N.r.-mewier | s (LeetcN Zubov): 
P-ReccM 26 (Llndras, Faust); P-BrlncTA- (pp). N-YrNemcMiwv K (Zubov, Lmtch); 
mour M (Galley. Benaick); (pp).O-BassonS ncaad Period: N.Y.-Larmsr 10 (Zubov, 
(Savage, Fraser); (ntt.TNnf PerM; P-Gah Lame); 7SM fttrtad: SJ.-OdaarsS (ErrovU 

fcoe a ( Baker 8). AselSts-^Attonhi 20 (Btpy- 
todt 10). Milwaukee 32 (Murdock u>. 

Oevflkrod 25 24 27 17-W Hofstra 72, Colutnbta 62 

HotnhM 25 26 16 27 — 76 Manhattan 79. Iona 84 

C: Nance 7-132-2 15 Dawstiertv 15185423; Penn 66. La Salle *2 
H: Maxwell 7-17 4-t 21, Smith 511 50 K Re- Providence 75 Syracuse 82 
bounds— devckml 61 (DauaMrfy tSl.Hous- Rhode island 81. Rutgers 73 
ton 47 (Ol oilman 10). Asslsti— Cleveland 26 Temple 6a SI. Joseph's 46 
(Price 14J. Houston 32 (Maxwell 10). Alabama 74. Auburn 67 

Coisolc 72, Armv 77 
Connecticut 7t, Villa novo 47 
Hartford 122. Cent. Connecticut 31. 103 
Hofstra 72. Columbta 62 
Manhattan 99. Iona 84 
Penn 66. La Salle *2 
Providence 96. Svraane 82 

Central Wyfatai 



T Pts i 











5t. Louis 
















17 Z7 6 
Pacific Division 







47 151 130 levB (Llndras); (pp|.<5Savooe2 (Saklc.Ru- 
43 161 168 rtnskv);0-RlccM3(Sakic.Sundfn); (pp).ia- 
38 >45 167 Young 15 (Ricci); Ion). Sbrtb ea goal: P (an 
23 131 237 Flset (15135-31 .0 (on Roussel ) 1513-14 — <2. 

CE Bostm • 1 1-0 

(tasblngtaa ■ • »— 1 

>ts Gf OA F»rt»F*ortod:NoneJemod period: B-Baur- 
63 169 138 <W0 14 (Oates); (sb)B-5moUnsld 15 (Juneau, 

57 2B7 159 Stewart); Tdbd Period: W-Peakc 7 (RJdlev, 
55 153 U0 Khrisllch); BHtoghcs 8 IMcKhn, Murray); 

(PP). N.Y.-Amonte 11 (WNtsl; iLY^AlwMe 
12 (Tlktaneiv Lowe); JLY^Graym 38 
ILarmer.Zpbav); Into. lSJrFaUoen iStEttk, 
Norton) ; 1 (LYAAtner 11 (Laetch,Mgssler) ; 
(ad). --- 

Sbatsoasooi: N.Y. Ion Irbej 555-21. SJ. (on 
RkhteD 10-157-30. - 

Wtartpee 2 I I •-« 

LM Ang eles III 6—4 

Pint Period: W-Ooml 6 (Steen, Shannon); 

5 bets os goal: B (on Tatoaroca) 520-4— 29. W WLSteen 12 (Shaman. Ysebaert); (pp)JMk 

(an Rtandeau) 7-11-12-08. 

COfoago ■ 3 2-5 

Detroit S 8 9— • 

FliW Period: Ha n eJecood period: C- 

com PerM: W-&iann6n6(Baraata.Steen); 
l_A.-Grxmato 5 (KurrL Sydor); UL-RobP 
ratile 27 (Gretzky. Sandstran); (ppLTMrri 
Period; LJLrGronata 6 (Huddv) ; VW-SelanH 

„• PACao 

.i,.--LV.i • Tblrd R*»ed 

‘LhMrtidW a. Bristol Oty 1 -- 

q we CwH nut Second Lea 
Tartna X Pfacema l 

OeertirIM First Lee 
TenerUe X Rea* Madrid I‘" 


- . . IMta as. *1 Laeka, Find Pmr 
Wtd ne sonr . to Banaatore, imSa 
i«8a 1 st bntoM: 33M (70 overs) 

Nattoaw FoeOwH Leagee 
- ATLANTA— Named June Janes head 
coodiand Jtot Bates defensive coordinator. 
. ■ CINCINNATI — framed Lurry PecoaHoHo 
defensive coordinator. 

- CLEVELAND— Signed Tony Janes, offen- 
sive tackle, to 3-rear contract 
indianaPOUS— N amed Jim Johnson 
nittbadutfii roach. 

MIAMI Ann ou n c ed tint N. Wayne HiH- 
esnga has purchased Itw team cantlngenr an 
approval by toe NFL. 






^liNITY TOPAV THAN USUAL ■■ 1. When did Ux POoims - 

^ I land at PtytmUi todc? 

AS Y«i CM4 SEE. lYt 
USELESS ?eCt intte EFttWSH 
V. wes q -«&*■- ruesKion . 
t Now IrtWd ft«66(- 
rt foRplBR. 'fcnPiE tdUOWr 
HE HoHlim EXCEItt- HCW( 
(b CtriiCvLuf Vkddpvuite. 

FOR THE. uajn fW. 


-V • 

Sampras, Courier, Edberg 
And Martin Gain Semis 

>- i “i 

‘ % 
- N 

1, jV 

*"J . "'. - <•' 

.. .’frill* 

—i ■ f n j **'' 

F . 77v X jsoc^^^tw 

PORTLAND, Oregon — UjS 
figure de a ling champion -Tonya 
Harding, whose fanner husband 

reportedly is prepared to testify die 

was involved from the start in the 
plot to disable rival Nancy Kerri- 
gan,, is “virtually certain” to lace 
Mod charges. The Or egonian 
newspaper reported Wednesday. 

Sources told the newspaper that 
Jeff Gillooiy was willing u> admit 
his role is the attack and testify 
that Harding helped plan it as weU 
as the cover-up after learning the 
FBI was investigating. 

The report came os the beds of 
an NBC News report Tuesday 
night that Gfllooly, charged with 
conspiracy to assault Kerrigan, 
hopes to have a plea- bargain 
worked out by the end of the week 
that implicates Harding. 

Sources told NBC that Harding's 
legal strategy is to mamum she 
found out about the alleged con- 
spiracy and got involved in a cover- 
up our of fear of Gfflody and 
f Shawn Edcardt, her bodyguard. 

NBC said Harffingwffl pcant out 
that her divorce papers aocose Git 
looly of beating her. 

Gillooiy, Edcardt and two other 
men have been charged with cash 
spiring to injure Kerrigan. - 

The Detroit News reported that 
any criminal trials in the case will 
.be held in Portland, where the al- 
leged conspiracy occurred, rather 
than in Detroit, where Kerrigan 
was attacked before the US. cham- 

However, the d eadline for a re- 
port from the grand jury investigat- 
ing the case was extended bom 
Feb. 3 to Feb. 18, six days brio the 
Winter Olympics. 

That is likely to stymie theUS. 
Figure Skating Association, which 
probably will wait until after the 
grand jury decides whether Har- 
ding should be charged before de- 
ciding whether die will remain on 
the Olympic team. 

But promoters looking to cash in 
on the notoriety were not waiting. ; 

Harding has been swamped with 
money-making offers, such as 
books and movies, although she 
hasn't committed to any, said Jams 
Timlick, legal assistant to one of 
Harding’s lawyers, Robert Weaver. 

'There isn't even time to cotmt- 
tbemT TirriEck said. “It's difficalt 

to get the calls back in because the 
calls are so numerous.** 

NBC said Gillooiy is telling au- 
thorities that Harding was part of 
the plot to knock Kerrigan ont of 
the national championships. Nei- 
ther GtUool/s attorney, Ron Hoe- 
vet, nor authorities would com- 
ment on whether Gillooiy was 
trying to make a deal. 

Both Harding, who won the na- 
tional title this month in Detroit, 
and Kerrigan, who could not com- 
pete after she was dabbed on her . 
right knee Jan. 6, were chosen for 
the Olympic team. 

The' skating association did not 


respond directly to the new grand 
jury deadline and the U.S. Olympic 
Committee’s executive director, 
Harvey Schiller, said there had 
been no change in Harding’s status. 

Bart Gori, a spokesman tor the 
FBI in Portland, said authorities 
could cot stop Harding from going 
to Norway if rite hasn't been 


Norm Frink, deputy district at- 
torney for. Multnomah County, 
said ia a snpporting affidavit filed 
with the. request for an extension 
that ihe grand jury was not finished 
with its investigation^ : . 

“Some evidence first gathered 
during grand jury testimony has 
created the necessity trf further » 
vestigation. which will take some 
tune and cannot be completed be- 
fore the grand jary term,- he said in 
the affidavit. *T anticipate this in- 
vestigation could lead to other wit- 
nesses being called to testify before 
the grand jury.” 

Frink Mid the dday should not 
be construed to mean tbeiztyestiga^. 
tkm is going pooriy, 

Tt’s not terribly unusual,” be 

said of the efieoson. .* 

Goa said the grand jury has sub- 
poenas out all over the country. . 

a If I weretbe DA— it would be 
unfair — Td have to yut the Olym- 
pics aside and be painfully cogni- 
zant of everybody's rights and not 
rush to adedrion,” God sswL- 


f. JTA C: 

>?V- - 




Slit.' HcShsl TV 4.»rata‘ ft*-! 

GonnMsevic, dizzied by the heal and Jim Courier, bit his racket if not the bufiet in Melbourne. 

The foitfatn/ Press 

MEL BOURNE — Pete Sampras 
overcame searing beat and a feisty 
Swede. Jim Courier defused Goran 
Ivanisevic’s booming serve and left 
him seeing stars. 

The American rivals will meet in 
the semifinals of the Australian 
Open after scoring impressive vic- 
tories Wednesday. 

Top seed Sampras defeated No. 
10 Magnus Gusiafsson. 7-6 (7-4). 
2-6. 6-3. 7-6 t 7*4l. staying cot course 
for his third straight Grand Slam 
title on a day u hen the temperature 
on court rose to 52 degrees centi- 
grade 1 126 Fahrenbeii). 

Courier used slick returns and 
his rugged forehand to negate 
Ivanisevic's stinging left-hand 
serve. 7-6 < 9-71. 6-4. 6-2. 

In the evening. Stefan Edberg. 
the champion in 1985 and 1987, 
defeated No. 6 Thomas Muster. 6- 
1 6-3. 6-4. the Swede becoming the 
only non- American left in the 
men's singles. 

He next faces Todd Marlin, who 
gained his first Grand Slam semifi- 
nal by beating compatriot MaliVai 
Wastiifigion. 6-2. 7-0 17-4|. 7-6 ( 7-5 j. 

The last time three Americans 
made the semifinals was in 19S2. 
when it was Johan Kriek. Steve 
Demon and Hank Pfizer 

Edberg' s match had to be com- 
pleted under the retractable center- 
court roof after rain interrupted 
with him leading by 6-2. 3-6. 

jvaniseuc was fiery early in his 
match against Courier, but the de- 
fending champion's consistency ul- 

timately left him dispirited. The 
Croatian wax left to rue missing 
wo set points in the first-vet tie- 

"With him. if you don't Jake 
your chances you are gone.” he 

Ivanisevic said the heat left him 
dizzy and "seeing stars” late in the 


Sampras is aiming to win his first 
Australian Open tide to add to the 
Wimbledon and US. Open tides he 
already holds, while Courier, seed- 
ed third, hopes to become only the 
ihird player to win three successive 
Australian Open titles. 

Roy Emerson, who won five 
straight titles in the 1960s. was the 
last man to achieve that feat. 

Courier said he was looking for- 
ward to the showdown. 

“We tend to bring the best out in 
each other." he said although Sam- 
pras holds an 8-2 edge in their 

Sampras. 22. was given a battle 
b> Gustafs-on. playing in his first 
Grand Slam quarterfinal. 

fn the 2-hour. 50-minute match, 
both players used iced towels on 
their necks and legs. 

Edberg. M-edcd fourth, look only 
36 minutes to race through the first 
set and to a 3-0 lead in the second. 
Muster, who had not previously 
dropped a seu put up more of a 
fight after the resumption but had 
no real answer to the 28-year-old 
Swede's serve- voiles power. 

It took Edberg just I hour. 36 

Michelle Kwan, 13, Is Ready to Replaee Harding 

By Jere Longman 

New York TtmnSerwkc 

Ot an the skaters, the youngest was the 
mostgraapus.. - /• 

When 1 3-year-old Mtchefle Kwan was 
butnped from the U.S. Olympic figure 
skating tw*m in favw of Nancy Kerrigan, 
thexaid: T tiunkiCsfatr.VfhatTve gotten 
already is inaediWe."" % 

* What tire could not foresee was the 
arrest of Tanya Harding’s former husband 
and her bodyguard,’ both charged with 
conspiracy is the attack on Kerrigan. 

- BHajdmgisrcnK>vedfromthe(3lynqnc 
team, Kwan win 'take her place, But it nay 
be a judge in a courtroom, not in an ice 
rink, who will stake the final deration. 

“If somebody can't go, I'll be prqjared,” 
Kwan said *14 reeenfrexhibitian in Fair- 
fax, Virginia. . 

- Nothing is certain, of course. 

At this point, Harding remains cm the 
team and Kwan remains the first alternate. 
BeforeHarding could be removed, lawyas 
would be brtwshl in, comnnitees would 
meet, hearings would beheld, maybe even 
lawsuits would be filed. 

Die teams for the f.nkhammcr Games 
in Norway must be named by next Mon- 
day, but alterations is the figure dating 
roster . cm be mads until Feb. 21, when the 
weroen draw their skating order for the 
Olympic competition. . 

Only nvo American womeDwiD be eligi- 
ble to compete. As long as Kwan remains 
an alternate she cannot stay, with the U.S. 

team in the Olympic vfllage or train at the 
Olympic venue in Hamar. 

Il is likdy that she would remain in the 
United Stales whm the Olympic team de- 
parts. If need be, she could fly to Norway 
later and train in a place such as Oslo. 

“Michefle's working our." said Frank 
Carroll who coaches Kwan at the Ice 
Castle International Training Center in 
Lake Arrowhead, east of Los Angeles. 

“Shell be ready if she’s called upon. As 
for all this other stuff, she doesn’t under- 
stand il. Her job is to skate.” 

1/ she does skate next month in Hamar. 
Kwan would be among the youngest ath- 
letes ever to participate in the Olympics. 
Even after growing 5 inches in a recent 
Spurt, she is still under S fret. 

And people cannot seem to quite re- 
member her name. Often, she is called 
Nancy instead of Michelle, the skater get- 
ting confused with the actress from the 
play “Flower Drum Song.” 

But the figure skating crowd has long 
been paying attention. 

The Winter Games would be a post- 
script to a remarkable season in which 
Kwan woo the Olympic Festival competi- 
tion last summer in San Antonio before a 
crowd of 25,691. the largest audience ever 
to watch figure skating in the United 
Stales She then won at the world junior 
cham pionships in December in Colorado 
Springs, before taking second at the na- 
tional senior championships in Detroit. 

At the Olympic Festival Kwan got a 
standing ovation after completing six tri- 

ple jumps. At the world juniors, she defeat- 
ed, among others. Tan] a Seewczenfco. the 
J 6-year-old who later vanquished Katar- 
ina Witt, the two-time Olympic gold med- 
alist. at the German champion ships 

When Kerrigao withdrew from the U S. 
championships after heme assaulted. 
Kwan finished second only to Harding, 
her hero. 

She would not he a medal comender at 
these Olympics, but once her skating ma- 
tures; Kwan would likely be a favorite at 
both the 1998 Winter Games, and the 2C02 
Olympics, by which time she would have 
reached the ripe old age of 21. 

“Of course, I would love to see her go.” 
her mother, Esiella. said in a telephone 

. “If she gels a chance, she may have to 
go: -She doesn't look too nervous about it. 
She's handling il very well.” 

Like other children who grew up in 
Southern California, Kwan began skating 
on a rink at a shopping malL She was 5 
years old at the time. Two years Utter, she 
watched the 1988 Winter Olympics and 
the powerful jumping of Brian Boitano. 
and, immediately, she knew that she want- 
ed to jump like that some day. 

Occasionally, her dreams have been her 
coach’s nightmare. In the fail of 1992. 
without Carroll's knowledge or percus- 
sion. Kwan took and passed a test tha: 
elevated her from thejunior to senior level 
at national competitions. 

Carroll was not happy. His 12-year-cM 
prodigy had jumped behind his back from 

junior varsity to vanity. Sudden, her com- 
petition at the nationals would not be 
other 12->ear-oids but seasoned Olympi- 
ans like Harding and Kerrigan. 

“I was funous.” CanoU recalled. “I sat 
her down and fold her I was captain of this 
ship and i would decide who were the 
mutineers "' 

At the l**$3 nationals last January. 
Kwan was the youngest competitor in 20 
years. Six months later, in July, she won 
the gold meda! from the judges and grudg- 
ing admiration from her coach when she 
look first place at the OKmpic Festival. 

“h was an incredible feeling to skate ir. 
front of that many people.” Kuan said at 
the festival. “I went out there dunking. ’Oh 
my God.’ when 1 heard all the people 
cheering for roe." 

The crowds have since decreased, which 
is hardly the case with Kwan's determina- 
tion. She lives and trains full-time at Lake 
Arrowhead, with tutors monitoring her 
eighth-grade studies. Her 15-year-old sis- 
ter. Karen, lives and trains with Michelle. 

The girls’ father. Daniel, a systems ana- 
lyst with Pacific Beil, spends nights with 
his daughters at Lake Arrowhead, then 
drives 200 miles round trip to work in 
-uburban Los Angeles. 

Esteila Kwan runs the famio 's Golden 
Pheasant resuiuran' w Torrance and visits 
ner husband and daughters on weekends. 
Training costs run to 560.0C0 j year. If 
there is one thing that skating families 
have m common, Daniel Kwan once 
joked, it is a lack of good credit. 

KnnV [ymwe.Tht A.vcuifU Pirc 

Coach Frank Carroll, Michelle Kwan. 

Of course, the family would not nur.d 
stretching the b.idgct a little more for a 
couple of plane tickets to Norway. 

“No one has told us anything yet " E«- 
lella Kwan said. "We’re following the 
same old routine. Just waiting." 

A 13-year-old has all the time in the 

minutes to make the semifinals for 
the fifth year in succession. 

“It made a big difference playing 
at night," Edberg said. “It was pret- 
ty hot today.’* 

“I was concentrating very well 
and did everything as well as 1 
could have wished." he added. “I'm 
feeling as good as I've done for 
some time and J'm hitting the ball 
as well as l have tor a year." 

Courier left with a sunburned 
face hut said. “I'm from hot 
places." He lives in Florida and 
trains in California. 

No. 9 seed Martin kept his cool 
on sun-baked No. 1 Court and out- 
lasted his good friend Washington, 
who had trouble with both his ser- 
vice and his groundsuokes in a dif- 
ficult swirling wind that swept the 
National Tennis Center. 

“The whole match was a shock- 
er." Washington said, describing 
his form as “unfortunate, but just 
the way it goes sometimes." 

Martin's willingness to attack 
proved the key. He won 25 points 
at the net to Washington’s 14 and 
had 45 overall winners to Washing- 
ton's 27. 

Sampras blamed the corkserew- 
ina wind for his 17 double faults, 
but said he was pleased with his 
physical condition. 

“We both had a hard time con- 
trolling the balls — it wasn't the 
best of tennis from either of us.” he 

“I felt that I could have gone 
another set if 1 bad to — but I 
didn’t want to.” 

He said he had conserved energy 
several times by conceding games 
ir. which he was trailing 4CMJ. 

“It’s a smart move, ! think," he 

Both women’s semifinals are 
scheduled for Thursday. 

No. 10 seed Kimiko Date plays 
three-time champion Sielfi Gral. 
while No. 2 Arantxa Sanchez Vi- 
cario plays No. 4 Gabriela Sabati- 

Date, surrounded by television 
crews from Japan when she prac- 
ticed Wednesday, asked them u> 
leave so she could concentrate. The 
reporters and cameramen obliged. 

PM* So morns I)>. U.S, OH. WWM Gos- 
JO *» on im.StnOen. 7* I7-U.2-L*-.! 7-* P-*); 
Jim Conner 13). U.S, del GomnivonwiciS). 
CnwLo. 7* IS-7J, 4-t «: Sfrton EiJBurs U). 
S ivedefxOol IhommMinKrr l4J.Auslrolks.4-2. 
u J. m; Todd Martin It/. US- del. Mobvol 
IVftSlWWWI, U5. LZ 7-0 17-41, 7-d *7-57- 
Jon apcii and Janas Blorkman. Sweden. 
del Todd woodarwoe ana Mark Woodford e. 
Australia Ui. A-4. 9-2. a-*. 

CBM farnondtz. u<S* and Natalia Zvnrtva 
(!i. Belarus, act. Mown Boilearal. Nattier- 
lands, otu Octane Graham. U5.6-I.4-3: Jano 
Novotna. Czech Peavbn c ana Aront*a 5an- 
cmz- V fcano r?i. Soai n def . Morv Joe Fem«- 
del and ZMa Gar r «on Jackson t i I. US. *-«. 4- 
4 : Pam Shriwer. US. ond Elfioaein Smvlie 
m. Australia del JIM Hemermofan. Canada, 
and Shaun SioHonL U.S. 9-3, 6-J j Parry Pen- 
OKk ana Meredhh McGrath (71. Ui del. Ann 
Grossman. US. and Julio Richardson. Now 
2 eo<ana. *-2. 6-0 

Paul Haamur- 'leineriandv ana Natalia 
'hedvedeva. Ukraine d.doi. Oavc Randan. 
US, and JNI Hethermoibr.. Canada 7-6 
vJ: Emilia Son ct nr: and Aran', a Sanchu- 
Vlcarto. Sown var* Wasdtoraeand 

Rennoe siutte. Australia <41. ou o-S; Toda 
ikoadbridae. Australia, ana NtVjivi Sokova 
Ciocn Republic t ll.dH. Sancton Stolie. Austra- 
lia. and Morv Joe Fernandes. U-S.&-4. 3-9. 9-3. 

Italy’s Top Scorer Fails Brag Test 

ROME CAP) — Mario Bom, timte»i^twj«TOf.the Italian basketball 
failed a random drug test after a regular season game thfamooth. 
ud has been suspended, the Italian Federation iwd Weduesday. 

Tbe 30-year-old I talian guard for Montecatmi faces a two-year ban by 
its disciplinary commissan, the federation said, adding that initial tests 
and further tests showed Bon had tatei steroids. _ 

• Less than 48 hours after Manute Bol scored fats first basket of the 
NBA season, the Miami Heat released the 7-foot-7 Sudanese center to 
naake room for forward Wink Burton, activated after 18 games on the 
injured list. BoL 31. has played nine years in the NBA 

For the Record 

ES2A New Zealand, the catamaran skippered by Robin Knox-John- 
sion and Peter Blake, reported setting a world record of 3009 nautica l 
nnles /8383 lotaneters) sailed in 24 hours during its attempt- to arcmn- 
navigate the world in 79 d^s. The jneviOT rnok, of^5ntiles, was set m 
December by Intrum Jusatia, skippered by E n flSshnaiu lawne South, 
during the Whitbread *Rotmd ihewortd raca.* • •. ■ (4^ 

ESPN and the NFL speed to renew lie satellite sports netwwk s 

^Jerald Ctok, die outfidda - who played for toe Colorado Rocbes of the 
^ s® 330 ®* a contract with the Japans 

^eball champion Yalculi Swallows, ; 

. DascDuu rtn-rt-fhacfc of the New York Jets. was selected to 

CompagnonVs Bold and Painful Course Toward Super- G Gold 

By Ken Shulman 

Special to the HemJd Tribune 

Deborah Compagnoni skis like no other 
woman on the tour, and more aggressively 
i ^n many of the men. In the giant slalom 
and Super-G races, the 23-year-old pushes 
her wagfat dangerously forward onto the 
tips of her skis, assuming a tight, aerody- 
namic crouch as she cuts an astonishingly 
Straight line between the gates. When she 

is on, Compagnoni and her skis appear to 

be one creature, speeding down the course 
in a perfect economy of movement, it » 
easy to see why die is called the female 
Alberto Tomba. . _ . 

“Alberto and Deborah are two bona fide 
thoroughbreds,” says the Italian women s 
team coach, Rermario CalcamuggL "They 
take hig chances. They aim rig ht fo r Uy 
inside pole, stealing millimeters from inar 
advwsaries at every turn. Sometimes they 
j ,u_l. Lu-irniiM Rm snmetimes 

MotSm of Kansas City in the Pro Bowl; Montana suffered a 

StockweB, who swam to three gold medals for the 
• r t state* at the 1984 Oiympics, became on Australian citizen on 


, TJiarles Barkley of £i* Phoenix Suns:. “I heard Tonya Harding is 

Drt>wah Compagnoni was the great 
promise of the Italian women’s t«m wten 
joined lie World Cup oremm im 
As a child, she raced against the lortti boys. 
often beating them. Tbe daughter of a for- 
mer rid instructor, she grew up v. ottang in 
the hotel her parents own and ran at Santa 
Sterica Valf^vTa hotel that i”*** 1 ^ 
hosts the Swiss women's learn dumg flw 
World Cup races. In the, winter 
waited oo rabies, bringing the 
Vreni Schneider her nwramgcappi^o- 
OriginaUy a downhill and Siper-G spe- 

cialist, Compagnoni placed fourth and 
fifth in her fust two World Cup races. Bui 
in her third race, a downhill at ZinaL she 
fell in the flats and tore both ligaments in 
her right knee. Surgeons in Italy replaced 
them with synthetic ligaments, and Com- 
pagnooi returned to competition the fol- 
lowing year. But the fcaee refused to heal 
properly, and hampered her in both train- 
ing and competition. Unable to be com- 
petitive in downhill — and still concerned 
about reinjuring the knee — Compagnoni 
decided to concentrate on the slalom and 
giant slalom. Yet two years after her inju- 
ry, she still had not reacquired full mobil- 
ity or muscle tone. 

’ In late 1990, Compagnoni went to Lyon. 
France, where a surgeon. Dr. Pierre Cham- 
feat. replaced tbe artificial ligaments with 
strands taken from one of Compagooni's 
Achilles’ tendon. This time, the result was 
satisfactory, permitting her to take fourth 
place in the 1991 season-coding giant sla- 
lom at Vail. Colorado. 

Aflera difficult and often demoralizing 
three years. Compagnoni’s physical prob- 
lems finally seemed to be resolved. But in 
the spring bfl991 t she passed out at home 
and was rushed to die hospital by her 
father, Giorgio. There, physicians diag- 
nosed a total intestinal blockage, which 
would have killed her bad she arrived just 
30 minutes later. In surgery. Compagnoni 
bad nearly half a meter of intestine re- 
moved. She spent the rest of the spring and 
much of the summer recovering. 

The following season, finally healthy. 

Compagnoni began to give the sort of 
performances that lived up to her poten- 
tial. With growing confidence, she took 
second place in the December 1991 giant 
slalom at home in Santa Caterina. then 
followed up with two more seconds in 
giant slalom and another second in slalom. 
Yet as well as Compagnoni was skiing, she 
was still somehow unable to win a race. 
Another athlete — and usually it was 

Like Tomba, she is 
most dangerons when tbe 
slope is steep and icy. 

France's Carole Merle — always managed 
to beat her acr**ss the finish line. 

Then, three weeks before the 1992 
Ohnipics. Compagnoni won her first 
World Cup race, a Super-G in Moraine. 
France. It was the last Super-G scheduled 
before the Winter Games. 

“This was a perfect mental preparation 
[or Albertville,” recalls Calcamuggj. “Oa 
the strength of one race. Deborah certainly 
•Atisa’t the favorite, but she had proven to 
herself that she could win. This was the 
most important thing of all.” 

The women's Olympic Super-G was 
scheduled forTuesday. Jan. 18. at Meribel. 
Despite her growing confidence, Cotupag- 
roni bad noi won enough points in the 

event to rank among the first 15 starters. 
Not many people outside the Italian team 
paid much attention w hen she stepped into 
the starting gale wearing No. 16. At the 
finish line. Merle was already celebrating 
her victory, having beaten Germany's 
Kaija Seizinger by 0.56 seconds. 

Wbai followed was one of the finest, 
most exciting runs in all of skiing. Com- 
pagnoni left the gate and immediately 
went into her crouch. Poles tucked beneath 
her arms, she sped from one gate to anoth- 
er as if guided by an invisihle wire, her 
weight shilling alrnos .1 imperceptible as 
she accelerated through ihe course. Not 
once did her skis slide through a (urn. Not 
once did she have to adjust her stance or 
correct her trajectory. It was as dose as a 
skier can come to a perfect race. 

At the finish line. Compagnoni looked 
up to see that she was first — and that she 
had beaten Merle by a colossal 1. 4 1 sec- 

“I said hdlo t«« Carole at the starting 
gate.” a sliU out of breath Compagnoni 
said moments after the race. “And she 
ignored me. That just increased my deter- 
mination to win.'' 

With the gold medal in Super-G. Com- 
pagnoni had finally arrived. But her mo- 
ment of glory lasted exactly 24 hours. The 
following day. in the giant slalom. Com- 
pagnoni was cutting a narrow turn through 
the nimh gate when her left ski slipped 
from under her. A sharp, piercing pain in 
her knee made her cry out and crumble to 
the snow. She had tom another ligament. 

Millions on television heard her sob as she 
was loaded onto a toboggan. 

In Lyon. Dr. Chambat repaired Com- 
pagnoni's left knee as well, and the 1992 
Super-G Olympic gold medalist we able to 
return to competition the following sea- 
son. repeating as winner in the Super-G in 
Moraine. This season. Compagnoni has 
ricocheted between prizes and pratfalls. 
She has finished ju>i two of the seven 
slaloms she has entered, and skied cut of 
both slaloms last weekend at Maribor. 
Slovenia. Yet she also won three consecu- 
tive giant slaloms between December and 
January. In Super-G. she is still uying io 
find her form, and is hoping to turn things 
around in Sunday's race at Garmisch. Ger- 

Like Tomba. she is most dangerous 
when the slope is steep and icy. on de- 
manding, technical runs where she can 
exploit her extraordinary power and agil- 
ity. Although Compagnoni has begun 
training again for downhill after nearly 
four years, she is not yet 3 strong enough 
four-event skier to challenge Austria’s 
Anita Wachtcr and Sweden’s Perntila Wi- 
herg for (he overall World Cup tide. In- 
stead, Compagnoni has set her rights on 
Ltilehammcr. and (he chance to win anoth- 
er Olympic gold. 

“I’m afraid that people remember me 
more because 1 cried than because J won,” 
she says. “I don't know if I'm famous 
because I'm a winner, or because I'm un- 
lucky. At Lillehammer, 1 hope 1 can help 
people decide.” 

England-Germany Match ® 

_ ,, r- iw ,*** rat«A<r radicals in check. • Play? 5 demanding, urdav’s iniurv and that Thorslv 


CdrnpiMhfOarS^rrmmat^ raising ltfMrag ; iw&als ^ Hteck, 

BERLIN — Jj &S§sh neo-Nazis have threat- 

coed toosra to the £ame looking 
Addf Hitkr 5 foi ^hk, while Ber Stas i is own 

after Sand rightist street fighters 

■for fear of troubles. Offi- Xart Hcdyi to tam tut for *> 

• oafe said Wedaoday. • match in Olympic Stadium, where 

Tbe German Soccer Pate? 1936 Games that 

Tbe German Sm ^ X9XG^s dml 

^flS ^l05diafliiSyof 


secuniy »s«e,but wecani^w f Re united Stoles to 

.SgSSTHM-S SfA-c,* 

• Players demaudatg the tone 
^ (he Russian national teams 


eJrtKd the fonheommg mp to tbe 
United States, N^Siiwg 
deouiy head of the soccer fedcra- 
ST Jtid Wednesday- He said only 
18 of the ntore than players 
invited had arrived in 
ff2in before the team ieav^Fnday 
to play friendlies agalnsi the Umi 
ed States and Mexico. 

months, his English dub, Totten- 

aery had revealed the extent of Sat- 
urday^ injury and that ThorslvedL 
31, will have lo wear an immobiliz- 
ing brace on his knee for six weeks. 

• Bobby Robson has been hired 
as ihe new coach of Portuguese 
soccer powerhouse FC Porto, the 
club’s president, Pima da Costa, 

. Robson, the 61-year-old former 
English national team coach re- 
cently fired by Lisbon’s Sporting, 
will replace Tomislav Ivic, who an- 
nounced Tuesday he was quilting 
Porto to retu rn to his native Cro-j 
aria to bead a FTFA developmental: 
program for young coaches. 

Rcui erst 



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Page 18 




The High Cost of Freud 

W ASHINGTON — One of the 
big changes we'll see in 1994 
is the way in which people with 
psychiatric problems are treated. 
All the health plans have tradition- 
ally been reluctant to pay for men- 
tal illness and have now imposed a 
lime limit on bow long a patient is 
allowed to feel really lousy. 

While pills are playing their role 
in helping pa- 
tients, the one- 
on-one 50- min- 
ute therapy 
session is rapid- 
ly sinking in the 

As my insur- 
ance adjuster 
complained to 
me, “Psychia- 
trists take too . . 

long to find out Buchwald 

why a person is afraid of heights." 

“They are sluggish,” I admitted, 
“but psychiatry is one of the few 
medical art forms where you let the 
patient set his own pace.” 

“Exactly." be said, “and insur- 
ance companies don't like it one 
biL If the doctor can’t find out 
what's hug gin g his patient in a cou- 
ple of office visits, then we say the 
doctor should turn in his couch.” 
“What would replace it?" 

“As of now a psychiatrist cannot 
rush his patient's story. The person 
seeking help is the one who has to 
discover what Is wrong with him- 
self. T hin could take — and has 
taken — 10 years. Neither the doc- 
tor nor the person he is caring for is 

The Latest Divorce; 
Dick Tracy and Tess 

,V(ir York Times Sentce 

NEW YORK — First it was 
Donald and I van a. Then Loni and 
Burt. Now Dick and Tess. Yes, 
comic strip fans, after 45 years of 
marriage, Dick Tracy and his wife, 
the former Tess Truebeart. are 
splitting up. Te&s will hit her bus- 
band with divorce papers on Feb. 

Tess. like so many police 
spouses, is fed up with Dick’s long 
hours and lack of consideration. 
Michael Kilian. who has been writ- 
ing the comic strip for the last year 
and a half, said he was introducing 
marital discord “to bring Dick 
Tracy into contemporary times.” 

in a hurry, particularly if someone 
else is paying the bill. 

“Let’s say that a man hated his 
mother because she never packed 
him a decent school lunch and he 
became anorexic because she for- 
bade him to eat airline food. The 
psychiatrist spots this in the fust 
week, but he can't tell his patient 
what's bugging him until the pa- 
tient gains the knowledge himself 
through a revealing dream, prefera- 
bly in the second or third year. 

“Now suppose the same patient 
goes into a group therapy session 
with other disoriented people. 

“The patient says. ‘1 am anorexic 
because I have no appetite for air- 
line food, and I think ] bate a 
member of my family, although I 
can’t yet identify which one it is.' 

“Now the guy sitting next to him 
says. ‘You’re full of it, and you’re a 
crybaby besides. No one likes air- 
line food, and you'd be crazy if you 
ate those meals — so get off il 
because most of us have to catch 
the last bus home.* 

“Can you see the difference be- 
tween this therapy and the one with 
only the doctor? Tbe patient re- 
sponds, 'I know it's more than that 
If I could only plumb my subcon- 
scious to discover which person 
made me bale airline food, 1 would 
be cured. 1 

“The woman next to him says. 
‘Does her name start with an Mr 

“ ‘It could,’ the patient says, fid- 
geting in his chair. 

•“How about an O after the MT 

“ ‘Please don't spell it out,' tbe 
patient implores. 

“Someone else yells. ‘T. then H, 
and E.' 

“And when the last person adds 
R. the patient crumbles to tbe floor 
in a feral position and cries. 'Moth- 
er.' With one group session, our 
insurance company can save 
$ 10 , 000 .” 


“So that’s where psychiatry is 
going,” I said. 

“What choice do we have? The 
patient either tells his story to a 
doctor who just nods his head while 
the patient snows him, or he tries it 
out on a group of people who are 
on to him before he takes his over- 
coat off." 

“That isn't what Freud bad in 
mind.'' I told him, 

“That's because Freud never 
charged our insurance company 
$150 for a 50-minute session.' 

Joshua Redman: Jazz Torchbearer 

By Mike Zwerin 

Initnumonol Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — Looking over his shoulder at 
all those teenage lions trying to catch 
up. Joshua Redman is surprised to find 
himself already over the hill at the ape Of 
24. He’s kidding, or thinks so. Keeping a 
sense of humor and balance is not easy 
when you're being called “the torchbearer 
of his generation." 

He wanes about the media's appetite fa 
fads: “The nature of hype is hyperbole and 
exaggeration. Stvle over substance, form 
over content- That’s the way our society 
works. Sound bites, media biles. I’ve had 
my fair share of bites, but magazines are not 
going to continue to put my picture on their 
covers forever. No matter bow wefl I play, 
that aspect of it can't continue.” 

Are nis string of SRO houses and raw 
reviews a product of hype more than music 
appreciation? He is braced for a critical 
backlash. You cannot stay “hot” forever. 
Where there's hot there's cold. Finding 
new bites exasperates him but he's good at 
it and they come with and help expand tbe 
territory. A year ago, he was an unknown 

He's “surprised and delighted” io find 
hims elf making a decent living playing 

S : on the saxophone in the first place. 

alone in first place. He’s the jazzman 
of the hour. Returns are not yet in fa the 
year but unusual maturity and depth way 
beyond his age bode well for the decad e . 
He has momentum, balance, elegance and 
smarts. He seems to have become a one- 
cnan renaissance, the biggest news since 
the Marsalis brothers. 

Supported by little more than word-of- 
mouth. his self-titled recording debut was 
the most-played jazz album on U. S. FM 
fa awhile. His second. “Wish” (WB), with 
sales in six figures, has been on the charts 
four months now. It's No. 2 in France, 
right b ehin d Harry Connick Jr. If this is 
just getting started, what will full-speed- 
ahead be lie? Touring and recording with 
Pat Mecheay last year was a lucky break. 
What's luck got to do with it? 

He's often been asked if it was tough to 
decide not to study music in university. He 
had been the hottest player in the hot 
Berkeley (California) high school jazz 
band, which woo stale-level awards. He 
was already bong talked about His father 
Dewey had an international reputation, 
respected if not rewarded. Jara was the 
family business. Joshua's route seemed to 
be predetermined. 

He doesn’t remember deciding any- 
thing. He was valedictorian of his graduat- 
ing class, jazz was simply not on his agen- 
da after high schooL He saw it as a 
“demanding and unrelenting discipline” 
he was nowhere near prepared for. Plus he 
didn’t think he played all that well to begin 

■ . -i «■ • • 

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. V-'.-T 

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The contest had come at .exactly 
right' time. To be lair about it, 
Foundation rotates auditioning mstt* 
meri ts — ptano, gui t ar, peroiss®ii 
era' — so that everybody can &tf 8 s ^?: 
One year more & less and Raton would 
most probably have fall® 
cracks-Luck? As it waste fell a metaphy* 
seal obligation. To ton his back wagd 
have been an insult to afl-those beautiful 
players he knew so well and respected so 
much who straggled sohardso-lOTg wrth 
so many dry spells,', his f albs' -for 
Redman was being interviewed in 
lobby of a hotel, which is Kkebeing made 

Saxophonist Redman: “The natare of hype is hyperbole and exaggeration.” 

with. He evaluated himse lf as good fa a 
self-taught 17-year-old. not good enough. 
There was so much to learn. The life was 
tough. He hated to practice. 

When Harvard offered him a full schol- 
arship, be accepted without hesitation. Ma- 
joring in social studies, be graduated sum- 
ma cum laude in 1991, wanting to be a 
lawyer. Yale accepted him and except fa a 
twist of fate he'd be studying law at Yale 
right now. Although be was “totally op- 
posed" to jazz contests, the “objcctivegrad- 
mg of a subjective enterprise,” be entered 
the Thetooious Monk Foundation saxo- 
phone competition. It was something to do 
between his B.A. and graduate schooL 

Also having grown up with his mother 
on welfare (be did not see much of his 
father), he'd learned not to look askance at 
opportunity, no matter how much of a 
long shoL Winning the Monk contest just 

about guarantees a career launch. Still, te 
did not practice fa iL Signing qp at the 
last minute, be won anyway. Fora Motor 
Co. handed him a $10,000 check, he was 
interviewed on CNN. the Los Angeles 
Times ran a feature on him and Warner 
Brothers offered him a recording contract 
Hearing Redman fa the first tone. Matt 
Pierson, the head of jazz A&R fa 
Warners, “just couldn’t believe it. Like; 
immediately I felt. This is tbe g uy /*" 
Suddenly Redman was faced with what 
on tbe surface appeared to be a no-brainer. 
: Anybody rational enough to make intefli- 
Jgent career derisions would by definition 
not be foolish enough to choose to be a 
professional jazz nrmsician rather than a 

docta ora lawyer. Only the chosen should 
play jas fa a living. It most be a need 
more than a choice. He did not belabor the 
issue. He had been chosen. 

p aii w-d to pander to what degree tune past 
and time present are present in 
tore. Re does not bcheve ux luck. Fast 
ci rcums tances had merely put him a pofr 
7 tioh to.sdzc tt. As far' as the present goes,- 
it did not appear to go very far. There was 


time. Ttere ted been far too maw holds 
lie this (and far too little deep and far too 

many interviews). A convenient location 
around *ha corner from the concert was 
not dipngh to bust the ghosts. He sure 
would Kke an upgrade. But he had com- 
promised sane of his individuality and 
originality of thought in order to reap 
some of the system’s rewards at Harvard 
«nH hft p romise d himsrif never to do that 
with music. . ' 

. He swears to moni tor irimsdf so that 
homy will not creep up on necessity-.™ 
has foil artistic centred of his life, musical 
derisions are based only on his deinres and 
the opportunities winch present them- 
selves. He insists he wDl never allow first- 
class air travel a five-star-tetd riders to 
affect the quality of the music. Meanwhile, 
he’s trying to define necessity. Is a poson- 
- al manager neceamry? Do you “need" roa- 
dies to carry your gear? 

He has resolved, finally, to practice. 
Already he has an amazing command of 
inflection and space for his age — no 
dichfes not even self-styled- He sounds 
like Lester Young, Ben Webster. Lucky 
Thompson and Joe Henderson rolled into 
one, and like more and none of them. 
GHbness may be his undoing. It’s too easy, 
the saxophone appears to be playing him. 
S/wnetrme s he find* hmucatf OH automatic 
pilot. P er spec ti ve, however, is notladdog: 

“Great and enduring improvisers must 
have virion, creativity, soundness, clarity 
of expresson and the amgy and concen- 
tration to summon them sw at win, night 
after n^ht. Somehow you have to manage - 
io maintain die kind of rhiuffifce ealhnrir 
asm and spontaneity yen started with/and; 
mature at the same tune. There must be a 
consistency of inspiration without regnrgi- 
ta ting kkas. Yoa have to mate die extraor- 
dinary ordinary. That* stheterdpait” 

Joan Brady became the fira 
woman to win fithaia’s lucrative 
Whitbread prize for Steratare with 
anovd about wftteriu&roa'roid: 
into slavery chinr® tte Araericaa 
Civil Wan The American-bom- 
Brady. wbo tes li ved m ~ 
for mac than 20 jeans,' 
award , and £2UXX> ($31,500} ft 
“Theory of War " based on the J 

■ o\ ■■■’ 

. ' John F. Kennedy Jt, wfao 

been known - to harbor tbeau n 

ambitions, will be a baton a', scries - 

unsung toos of New York. The 
series; cafed “Heart of 4te City," 
w31 ran on. WNYCTY in aw- 
Y brie for six Wednesdays, starting 
Marcfe 23.- ■ ■ ".r 

, / • Q 

. A spokesman for Ted Damn ■ 
caifkms 'that be has iriowd tea 

dating tbe actrcssMwySteerfw- 
m mice, they met on- fbe.set of 
^ nraac _Moou” .a. few, months 
We last left Ted’s Jove fife 
„^a he and Whoopi Gokfce^g bad- . 
their celebrated, split, after (heir 
celebrated relationship. 1 

. d 

Michael Crichton has reportedly, 
agreed to mm over his scxecnadap- 
tatkm of ins bestteflitig bodt^Tis- 
closure” to the writri Pari Attana- 

rio fa a rewrite. Variety reports , 
that MBdndDon^as basrignod <* 
to star in the movie, ' 

A man who wants, to dean unite; 
world was named Australian a the# 
Year by Prime Minister Pari Keat- 
ing on Wednesday. Isa KJeraa 
launched an anti-fitter -Clcao-Up 
the Wodd campaign lari year and 
has headed an anmiaTClaaiHip 
Australia day since 1989. .• 

. - .D 

It's O. K. to walk like tte Beatles 
and talk like the Beatles, ft’s even 
O.K. to dress and sing like tbe 
Beatles. But a U. S. judge has ruled 
tiud an (Brio gzbup onoe known as 
“1964 as The Beatles" cannot use 
the Fab Four’s name a props a 
backdrops with their likenesses. 



Appears- on Pages 4 & IS 




Forecast for Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 







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North America 

A siorm bringing snow, ico 
and ram to Dw Northsaa/ Fri- 
day will move out to sea ant 
l ho weekend. A new siorm 
will bring snow irorn Okla- 
huma City lo neai Chicago 
over the weekend. Cold air 
over Canada will spill into 
the northern Plains over die 


High winds Friday inlo the 
weekend will be focused 
from the Shetland Islands to 
southwestern Norway. Rams 
will accompany ihe high 
wvxte London and Paris wJI 
be have a break in the 
stormy weolher over ine 
weekend. A new si arm will 
lake shape over Turkey, 
bnngmg rain end wet snow. 


Cold air will be confined to 
the northeastern comet of 
China and Japan Friday mo 
the weekend. A storm 
expected to bring snow to 
Korea Friday w3l bring ran 
and wei snow to centra* 
Japan, including the Tokyo 
area over the weekend 
Heavy rains wilt soak Ihe 
northen rbiUpr.zies 

Middle East 

Latin America 







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120 210 Good Opsi Var 1/25 72:86 Us open. Knmr run hmvy 
95 280 Good Open Var 1/16 58/64 6«s open, odd Icy paten 

150 190 Good Open Var 1/25 2B/41 Ms open, goad tmOwng 

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105 155 Good Open Mid 1/20 lB/20mrapm 
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PMea^uns taatfne to resort v#age. ArtAnHcM snow. 

Peporis support by m Stt.Ctob cf Greef Bmh 

Park City 
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