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INTERNATIONAL 




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3eP1 ALS -I! 

piVisp^Bt'lSHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Paris, Friday; July 1, 1994 


Mo. 34,629 


Maradona Out of World Gup for 

Argentine Star 
Tests Positive 


ns 


By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

FOXBORO, Massachusetts — Diego 
Maradona of Argentina, the greatest and 
most notorious player of his generation, 
was suspended Thursday following the 
biggest drug scandal in the 64 year history 
of the World Cup. 

, The 33-year-old Maradona tested posi- 
tive for five types of ephedrine, a stimulant 
found in over-the-counter decongestants. 
Ephedrine is commonly used to treat 
colds, allergies and asthma. 

It was his second drug-related suspen- 
sion and almost certainly mil conclude his 
sensational 18-year career, highlighted bv 
the 1986 World Cup title. 

“It is with great sadness that we have (o 
say that Maradona is suspended and will 
no t pla y." said Joao Havelange. president 
of FIFA, the international soccer federa- 
tion. “I was always hoping that the result 
would be different. This was a very diffi- 
cult decision for us. but the medical facts 
don’t lie, and we have to accept them as the 
truth.” 

Maradona apparently took a cocktail of 
drugs in Older to lose 26 pounds (12 kilo- 
grains) for the World Cup finals, said Mi- 
chel d’Hooghe, a medical doctor and mem- 
ber of FIFA's executive committee. 
Maradona has had trouble controlling his 
weight since serving a 15-month suspen- 
sion for cocaine in 1991-91 

"Maradona must have taken a cocktail 
of drugs because the five identified sub- 
stances are not found in one medicine," 
said d’Hooghe, who identified the sub- 
stances as ephedrine. phenylpropanola- 
mine, pseudo-ephedrine, oonpseudo- 
ephediine and methylephedrine. 

“It is true that some of these medica- 
tions, especially nonephedrine. are often 
used in weight-reduction medicines." 
d’Hooghe said. “It would seem possible 
that Maradona may have taken these 
drugs in a bid to reduce weight leading up 
to the World Cup.” 

Maradona's use of ephedrine “was a 
strictly personal decision,” according to 
Agricol De Bianchctti. a lawyer for the 
Argentina Football Association. At a rau- 

See SOCCER, Page 23 



."V* ri,w*< Roam 

The Argentine soccer superstar Diego Maradona, who was suspended Ttunsday is a World Cop drag scandal. 


Eagerly, Anxiously, Gaza Prepares 


By David Hoffman 

Pi wf SerwiV 

GAZA — In a dark basement shop 
splattered with ink, Moen Akeila and his 
workers were frantically silk-screening 
swathes of white cotton Thursday with the 
likeness of Yasser Arafat, head of the Pal- 
estine Liberation Organization. 

The smudgy images of Mr. Arafat were 
being sewn into flags, selling briskly for SI 
each on the streets of Gaza City as Pales- 


tinians prepared for Mr. Arafat’s return, 
now scheduled for Friday. nfter 27 years in 
exile as a guerrilla leader] and icon of the 
Palestinian national revojution. 

Mr. Akeila recalled thdraonths of delays 
and dithering. He recalled that Mr. Arafat 
had vowed not to come/to the Gaza Strip 
and Jericho until be pad received the 
promised millions of ddlars in aid to pro-, 
mote the building of a fiew state. 

But Mr. Akeila quukly dismissed the 


money issue. The visit was not really about 
money. “He is coming to give the people 
hope." he said. ‘To tell them, ‘Here I 

rtlVl v w 

am. 

For the Palestinians, Mr. Arafat's trium- 
phal visit goes to the heart of one of the 
deepest and most enduring emotions they 
have carried since the humiliation and exo- 
dus of 1948 — the hope of return. 

It is not so much a practical reality any 
longer — many Palestinians have long 


at 


CBS and Shopping Network 
Near a $6.4 Billion Mferger 


By Geraldine Fafcuikant 

Vr* Yori. Tunes Scrmc 

NEW YORK — Barry Diller, chairman 
of QVC Network Inc., and Laurence A 
Tisch. chairman of CBS Inc., are near a 
deal in which CBS would merge with QVC 
in a complex arrangement involving cash 
and stock. The companies have a com- 
bined value of S6.4 billion. 

The merger being discussed would put 
Mr. Diller. 52, in charge of CBS as its chief 
executive, returning him to the business in 
which he initially built his reputation. Mr. 
Tisch would remain as chairman and head 
of the executive committee. Neither could 
'.be reached for comment. 

Shares of both companies surged on the 
merger prospects, CBS closed up S47.00 at 
S3 JO on the New York Stock Exchange, In 
over-the-counter trading. QVC finished 
with a gain of S5.625 at $38.00. Trading in 
both companies was halted for about six 
hours before the merger discussions were 
announced. 


A merger would reflect the continuing 
blending of broadtist and cable, once bit- 
ter rivals. CBS, wnch earned $326 million 
on revenues of S3 f billion last year, owns 
and operates sevof television stations and 
21 radio station sits well as the television 
network. 

Those involve/ in the negotiations cau- 
tioned that the elks bad fallen apart at 
least once alreatf, several weeks ago, and 
that there was/o guarantee that a final 
agreement woufl be reached. 

QVC. which jarned $59 million on reve- 
nues of $1.2 Allion in the most recent 
fiscal year, ortrates two home-shopping 
chann els that jell consumer products like 
jewelry, dec tonics and housewares on 
programs thttfare transmitted by satellite 
and carried tf cable television systems. 

For Mr. UlleT, who fought and lost an 
aggressive mtlc to gain control of Para- 
mount Corhunkations earlier this year, 

Sfe CBS, Page 12 



Whitewater Inquiry (tinds Ahead 

Findings: ISo Tie to Suicide, MeJings Weren’t Illegal 


By Susan Schmidt 

Hashmrit'n Pal Semite 

WASHINGTON — The special counsel 
in the Whitew ater investigation, issuing his 
first findings Thursday, said he would not 
bring criminal charges over White House 
contacts with Treasury officials about an 
inquiry into a savings and loan association. 

The counsel, Robert B. Fiske Jr., also 
said that a White House lawyer. Vincent 


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W. Fostf Jr., did in fact kill himself and 
that ihi was no evidence that concent 
over SVIlewaler contributed to the sui- 
cide. I 

Mr. pke issued a two-page summary of 
a granJury probe into what he said were 
more fan 20 contacts between White 
Houw/nd Treasury Department officials 
to disks the civil and criminal investiga- 
tions f Whitewater being conducted by 
the Rplution Trust Corp., which was run 
by b political appointees at Treasury for 
the fit M months of the Clinton adnrinis- 
tratH- 

“ v have concluded that the evidence is 
insiicicnt to establish that anyone within 
thcThile House or the Department of the 
Tre/ury acted with the intern to corruptly 
inftnee an RTC investigation,” said Mr. 
Fif in a written statement. “We express 
oqpinion on the propriety of these meet- 
in/or whether anything that occurred at 

/ Sw CLINTON, Page 12 


Airbus Test Jet Crashes, Killing Crew 


An Airbus A-330 passenger plane un- 
dergoing tests crashed Thursday shortly 
after takeoff from the airport in Tou- 
louse. France, lulling all crew members. 
There were conflicting reports about 
the number of crew members. The re- 
gional rescue service said there were 
five; Airbus said there were seven. The 
plane crashed in on uninhabited area 
just beyond the end of the runway. The 
cause of the crash was not immediately 
known. Page 2. 


;; Will ...ft 

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Down 

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111.42 


The Dollar 

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DM 

Pound 

Yen 

FF 


htheTurnwU New Cabinet 
JustaBitToo In Tokyo 
Un-Japanese Unites Once 

For the Nation? ' UvA-f-yvn AAA 


since given up any hope of regaining their 
homes and lands. Rather, it is a dream 
about recovering from a dark chapter of 
history. 

In the last two months, one of the little- 
noticed but powerful images rippling 
through Palestinian society has been the 
stream of people coining from abroad and 
from Israeli prisons. 

Hardly a village or a large clan has been 

See ARAFAT, Page 12 


By Paul Blustein 

Washington Past Same 

TOKYO — For months, Japanese like 
Takao Sato have been watching their na- 
tion’s onoe-staid politics turn more and 
more unpredictable. But nothing had quite 
prepared Mr. Sato, a puWi&hingcompany 
executive, for Wednesday night's televised 
spectacle of the Social Democratic Party 
leader, Totpiichi Murayama, winning a 
p arliamentar y vote for the prime minister- 
shrp with the support of the conservative 
Liberal Democratic Party. 

Tm a person who prefers a bit of tu- 
mult in politics to stability,” said Mr. Sato. 
“Bat what is happening now is so oa- 
Japanese." When be saw the liberal Dem- 
ocrats, who governed Japan from 1955 to 

MEWS ANALYSIS 

1993, return to power by backing the leftist 
. Mr. Murayama, “I felt appalled,” be said. 

Mr. Sato’s unease reflected a view modi 
in evidence here Thursday, that Japanese 
politics is becoming a little too bizarre for 
the country’s good, not to mention its 

in tpmatirtnal image. • 

Amid the bewilderment spawned by 
Wednesday night’s tangled developments, 
this much appears certain: Japan now 
faces a son of double whammy in which 
political instability continues to paralyze 
pohey-making while at the same time the 
fledgling reform movement is rolled back. 

Although hopes remain for a reformed 
political and economic system emerging 
from the confusion in the long terra, the 
prospects are growing ever murkier. 

The liberal Democrats and the Social- 
ists, for all their traditional enmity, do 
share a penchant for the old style of spe- 
cial-interest politics, and as a result, they 
are Ekciy to do as much to subvert reform 
as. they think they can get away with. 

‘Basically, this cabinet is a cabinet of 
those who favor the status quo,” noted a 
Foreign Ministry official. 

Not that the reform forces have been 
vanquished. They can find ample rays of 
hope in what is happening. 

.The Liberal Democrats have taken a 
huge gamble by supporting Mr. Mur- 
ayama for the premiership; he lades any 
government experteaaTand is widely re- 
garded as a hesitant, albeit peasant leader. 
If he provesmept, or if his leftist proclivi- 
ties cause problems between Japan and the 
United States in international matters 
such as the North Korean nuclear pro- 
gram, the Liberal Democrats stand to get a 
big share of the blame. 

Moreover, the Liberal Democrats 
looked dose to undergoing a fatal rupture 
Wednesday night — just the sort of devel- 
opment dreamed of by reformers like 
Ichiro Ozawa, the chief strategist of former 
Prime Munster Tsutomu Ha la, who has 
long sought to lure the pro-reform mem- 
bers amoqg the Liberal Democrats away 
from the party. 

The party's decision to back Mr. Mur- 
ayama caused Toshiki Kaifu. a well-liked 
former prime minister, to bolt and run for 
the job himself as the reformers’ standard- 
bearer. Supporting him were such influen- 
tial Liberal Democrats as Yasuhiro Naka- 
sone, another former premier, and former 
Foreign Minister Michio Watanabe, a ma- 
jor party faction leader. 

“The more party realignment, the more 
chaos, the better in the long term for re- 
form,” said Takashi Inoguchi, a Tokyo 
University political scientist. 

The prospects for reform may hinge on 
what the new government does. Under one 
dark scenario for the reformers, the ruling 

See REFORMS, Page 12 


In Tokyo 
Unite Once 
Bitter Foes 

Continuity Is Indicated 
As Socialist Chooses 
13 liberal Democrats 

By Andrew Pollack 

• • Hew York Tima Sendee 

TOKYO — Japan’s new Social Demo- 
cratic prime minister appointed a cabinet 
on Thursday in which winch most impor- 
tant positions went to members of the 
conservative Liberal Democratic Party, a 
signal that the new government might not 
make radical departures from past poli- 
cies. 

The naming of the new cabinet by To- 
miidri Murayama helped quell a bit of the 
sense of panic and outrage that accompa- 
nied his election Wednesday night by an 
almost-un thinkable partnership of Social- 
ists and Liberal Democrats. 

Some of the cabinet members, in their 
introductory press conferences, issued as- 
surances that they would maintain conti- 
nuity with the policies of previous govern- 
ment^ particularly in foreign affairs. Mr. 

day undo the 

electoral system reform that was perhaps 
the most significant accomplishment of 
the previous ruling coalition. 

A sense of relief of the business commu- 
nity, which had been aghast at the idea a 
Socialist leader, was reflected in the Tokyo 
Stock Exchange. 

When, trading opened, the market went 
into “Murayama shock,” with the Nikkei 
average quickly plunging more than 200 
pants. But by the end of the day the 
market had rebounded and closed at 
20,643.93, up 16293 But the dollar dosed 
at a new low Tor Tokyo of 98.95 yen. 

In addition to bong cheered by the news 
that the cabinet would be dominated by 
the pro-business Liberal Democrats, inves- 
tors were encouraged that the cabinet was 
formed so quickly, dispelling some fears 
that the new coalition would be marked by 
bitter infighting. 

Still, many important polities. particu- 
larly concerning Japan’s attitude toward 
the North Korean crisis and tejvfllingness 
to cooperate with Washington militarily, 
remain in doubL The new minister do nor 
seem to place much priority on economic 
deregulation either. Most observers diink 
it is only a matter of time before the 
Socialists and the liberal Democrats.' 
archrivals for 40 years, are at each other's 
throats. 

In the new cabinet. Yohei Kono, presi- 
dent of die Liberal Democratic Party, will 
be deputy prime minister and foreign min- 
ister. Ryutaro Hashimoto, a liberal Dem- 
ocrat stalwart who has had several cabinet 
positions, was named to bead the Ministry 
of International Trade and Industry. The 
new finance minister is Masayoshi Take- 
mura, chairman of the Harbinger Party, a 
smaller party that is also in the new coali- 
tion. 

The Socialists took over the Construc- 
tion Ministry, which regulates the industry 
that traditionally has been a huge contrib- 
utor, sometimes illegally, to politicians. 

Mr. Murayama had said he would create 
a “dovish" cabinet, implying one that be- 
lieved Japan should not change its pacifist 
constitution and should not send troops 
abroad. 

Mr. Kono, the foreign minister, and Mr. 
Takemura, the finance minister, fit that 
description. But Tokuichiro Tamazawa. 

See JAPAN, Page 12 


North and South Haggling 
Over ‘Iffy* Korea Summit 


By William Branigm 

Washington Paa Serrice . 

SEOUL — When senior North Korean 
negotiators visited this bustling South Ko- 
rean capita] for the first time in the early 
1970s, one of (heir first acts was to issue a 
strong protest because there were so many 
cars on the streets. . 

It was absurd, the delegation com- 
plained, that the South Korean govern- 
ment had brought all the vehicles in the 
country to Seoul just to show off during 
the North Koreans* visit. 

According to a South Korean official 
who related this anecdote, senior North 
Koreans are more savvy about such, things 
these days. In fact, he said, they are pain- 
fully aware of just how. far the stunted 
economy of their Stalinist country has fall- 
en behind the booming, capitalist South, 
especially since the 1970s. 

But there is same skepticism here about 
whether the word has filtered up to 82- 
y ear-old Kim II Sung, the self-styled “great 
leader” of North Korea’s isolationist 
“workers’ paradise,” and whether a visit to 
Seoul might prove too much of a shock for 
him. 

The question arises after an agreement 
bc^iem North and South KoreftoS 


on leaving the matter for the two leaders to 
settle in Pyongyang. 

“For both of these exotic creatures to be 
in heat simultaneously is a miracle,” a 
diplomat said. “But whether they produce 
an offspring is a very iffy proposition ” 

One source of uncertainty is a series of 
conflicting signals from Pyongyang about 
the summit meeting and a high-level nego- 
tiating session in Geneva on July 8 with 
U.S. officials on North Korea’s nuclear 
program. Ai Geneva, the United States is 
expected to ask the North to surrender 
reactor fuel rods to a thir d country. 

In what South Korean officials took as 
an encouraging sign Tuesday,' huge propa- 
ganda loudspeakers on the northern side 
of the border stopped.using such terms as 
“traitor*' and “bandit” to refer to the 
Soath Korean president. In addition, Kim . 
D Sung was quoted as teffing a Chinese 
military delegation Wednesday that “the. 

amauoamtireKorearip been 

eased and is xwwing-to a positive direc- 
tion.”-':..- . • -. V ‘ • 

On Tburedayi however. North Korean 
ssdra worned that U& military moves, 

includiiig a congressional vote toraisemil- 
iary. mending in. -Sooth Korea and the 
dispatch oftwo minesweepers here,- threat- 
ened tht Jnly 8 talks. Reuters reported. 
-“Even iT-ffie talks resumed, favorable re- 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY. JULY 1, 1994 


v Insists Criminals Can’t Get at Nuclear Weapons 


By Lee Hockstader 

»•; ishintfuK Pust .ti'n-M- fall into the wrong hands. chic proliferation." 

MOSCOW — The head of the the Tas> said Mr. Stepashin had indicat- But he said there was no evidence 
successor agency to the KGB has cast ed he was going to ask Mr. Freeh to vet that Russian gangs had smuggled 
doubt on U.S. assertions that Russia's, provide documents or any other mate- nuclear weapons or materials out of 
nuclear weapons and materials are vuf- rial “confirming the threat of nuclear the country or w ere trying to supply 
nerable to terrorists and criminal terrorism." terrorist groups, 

groups. “Otherwise," it quoted Mr. Siepa- "We cannot rule out the possibtli- 


that nuclear materials in Russia could materials threatened an “era of anar- 


chic proliferation." 

But he said there was no evidence 


nuclear weapons and materials are vul- 
nerable to terrorists and criminal 
groups. 

Sergei Stepashin, chief of the Rus- 
sia's Federal Counterintelligence Ser- 
vice. said Wednesday he does not be- 


'the FBI's interest in the issue tv." he added. 


terrorist groups. 

"We cannot rule out the possibili- 


mav be interpreted by the Russian 
political opposition as a desire to es- 


The statements by Mr. Freeh and 
Mr. Woolsey aroused publicity and 


lieve that Russia's nuclear stockpile tablish U.S. control over nuclear in- alarm in Washington. However, at the 


was 3i risk. a.s >u&j&.ied U.S. reports sialtaiions.” same hearing at which Mr. Freeh 

and statements by U.S. officials. In a Senate hearing in Washington spoke. Mikhail Yegorov. Russia's chier 

Mr. Stepashin, whose remarks were last month. Mr. Freeh riled the chance of organized crime control, said Mos- 
reported by the Russian Tass news of "organized crime, rogue nations or cow's security systems at defense facd- 
agency. is not the first high-ranking bands of terrorists'' obtaining nuclear iiies “make it impossible to lose any of 


at Nuclear Weapons world briefs 

Mr. Freeh's visit to Russia, which the explosive political effects of soar- YdtSlII G^tS MajOT Role 3% G" i Talks 
starts Saturday, caps a nine-country ing crime in Russia. WASHINGTON (Reuters) — President Boris N. veUi sin will 

swing through Europe and the former More than any other issue, law and take part for the first time in political talks in Naples by leaders oi 
Soviet Union intended to focus atteo- order was mentioned by Russians who the seven major industrial nations and he wifi also join m nc 
uon on increased threats from interna- voted last December for Vladimir V. group’s joint declaration, the White House national security 
tionai crime groups, terrorism and Zhirinovsky, the uJtranacionalist adviser said Thursday. _ 

drug trafficking. whose declarations includes vows to The adviser, W. Anthony Lake, discussing the G-/ summit 

The trip comes as the FBI. the CIA execute criminals leaders in the streets, meeting that begins July 8, said Mr. Y eitsin would be given a ro e 
id other federal crime-fighting and Mr. Zhirinovsky's popularity among never bef ore accorded a Russian leader. Yeltsin will 

telligeoce agencies are under pres- voters appears to have faded, but law “For the first time, on the last day. Pres 
re to trim their budgets and develop and order still rank high with voters. participate in the discussions of political issues P 

^r sinlhe “ oruie 


the explosive political effects of soar- 
ing crime in Russia. 

More than any other issue, law and 
order was mentioned by Russians who 
voted last December for Vladimir V. 
Zhirinovsky, the ultranacionalist 
whose declarations includes vows to 


and other federal crime-fighting and 
intelligence agencies are under pres- 
sure to irim their budgets and develop 
new missions in the aftermath or the 
Cold War. 

Mr. Freeh is expected to meet here 


Mr. Zhirinovsky's popularity among 
voters appears to have faded, but law 
and order still rank high with voters. 

President Boris N. Yeltsin has is- 
sued an anti-crime decree and vowed 
tough action against gangs. The de- 


SS £ WuS Mr tS'i Labor Tension Rises in South Korea 

bands of terrorists' obtaining nuclear iiies “make it impossible to lose any of 


Russian security official to offer such weapons or materials from Russia as these materials." 


assurances. “the greatest long-term threat to the 

But his comments come shortly be- security of ihe United Slates." 
fore the arrival in Moscow of Louis J. On Monday, the director of central 
Freeb. director of the Federal Bureau intelligence, R. James Woolsey Jr. told 
of Investigation, who has said his lop a House hearing that criminal trade in 
priority would he to deal with the peril former Soviet nuclear weapons and 


Mr. Yegorov said that in the previ- 
ous 18 months His agency had investi- 
gated nine alleged thefts of the kinds 
of h'ghl 1 e. riC'-ed materials required 
for nuclear weapons. One such theft 
involved orearrized crime, he said. 


Mr. Yegorov, and to open a permanent 
FBI office in the U.S. Embassy. 

On top of the widely shared percep- 
tion that organized crime is building 
links across the former Soviet Union, 
Europe and the Atlantic, officials in 
Moscow and Washington worry about 


days without charges and gives them 
expanded powers to search homes and 
offices. 

There has been an outcry from crit- 
ics who say the decree opens the way 
for abuses. But the public appears to 
support the measure. 



By David B. Ottaway 

Haifij/ig.vn F -ii Strvuv 

BUDAPEST —The Hungar- 
ian Socialist Party’s commit- 
ment to an ambitious free- mar- 
ket program is already being 
questioned by both ?i.s junior 
partner and the leader of its 
leftist labor confederation. 

The Socialists, who won a 
Landslide victory last month in 
parliamentary elections, signed 
a binding economic and politi- 
cal pact with the center-left Al- 
liance of Free Democrats that is 
the basis of the new coalition to 
lake power in mid-July. 

The pact commits' the two 
parties to a “reinforcement of 
the market economy” that de- 
pends heavily, as one Free 
Democrat put iu on “a version 
of supply-side economics'* thaL 
uses tax breaks and private in- 
vestment incentives to cure 
Hungary's economic ills. 

In the topsy-turvy economic 
world of post-Cold War East- 
ern Europe, it seems only fitting 
that the Socialists — a party of 
former Communists who now 
proclaim zeal for free-market 
values — should promise to 
complete the dismantling of the 
deficit-ridden state-run econo- 
ray that many of them helped 
construct 30 years ago. 

Led by Prime Minister-desig- 
nate Gyiila Horn, the Socialists 
have pledged to improve on the 
performance of the center-right 
government, which is leaving 
office, with a S3 billion budgel 
deficit, 20 percent inflation and 
13 .percent unemployment. 

The Socialist-Free Democrat 
pact calls for an immediate cul- 
back in government spending to 
reduce the deficit by $480 mil- 
lion; an increase in the value- 
added tax on consumer goods; 
the elimination of a 2 percent 
company turnover tax and of a 
10 percent fee on currency de- 
posits and capital gains earn- 
ings. and an end to subsidies for 
failing state enterprises. 

Commercial banks would be 
privatized or forced out of busi- 
ness. as would many of the 160 
remaining big state companies. 

This ambitious program, if 
implemented, is certain to raise 
the price of food and consumer 
goods and to wipe out the jobs 
of many state-sector employees. 
Yel during the spring election 
campaign, ihe Socialists were 
promising voters that they 


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would cut unemployment and 
raise pensions and wages. 

The question being asked 
here is whether the Socialists 
will continue to push for re- 
forms when the going gets 
tough and their core constituen- 
cies. such as labor unions, balk. 

Sander Nagy, the head of 
Hungary’s main labor confed- 
eration and one of 10 union 
leaders elected to Parliament on 
the Socialist ticket, said in an 
interview Tuesday that he is 
worried about some of conces- 
sions his party made in its pact 
with the Free Democrats. 

Mr. Nagy indicated that he 
and other mainstream Socialists 
differ with the party's reformist 
wing on a number of important 
issues. He questioned whether 
privatization should move 
ahead full steam and suggested 
that bankruptcy laws should be 
relaxed to extend the life of 
troubled state-run enterprises. 

Nor does it make sense, he 
said, to close failing companies 
if the result costs the govern- 
ment more in spending for so- 
cial security, unemployment 
and pension payments. 

Last month. Laszlo Befcesi. 
the Socialists' chief economist 
and finance minister-designate, 
said in an interview that it 
might be necessary to close as 
many as 50 deficit-ridden state 
enterprises, putting 100.000 to 
150.000 people out of work. 

UN Says Serbs 
Took Guns From 
Quarantine Areas 

ZAGREB. Croatia — Serbs 
who live in the breakaway Kra- 
jina region in Croatia have 
lowed about 20 heavy weapons 
away from United Nauons- 
monilored quarantine depots io 
tum them over to rebel Mus- 
lims in the Bihac pocket of Bos- 
nia. UN officials said Thurs- 
day. 

United Nations forces moni- 
toring the storage depots saw 
the Serbs move tanks and heavy 
artillery into territory of Bosnia 
controlled bv Fikret Abdic. 




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Southern Yemeni defenders taking a break Thursday during a lull in the fighting that surrounded the port of Aden. 

For Yemen, a New Peacekeeping Tactic 


By Richard D. Lyons 

AVw f ort Time: Scm:e 

UNITED NATIONS. New York — 
Torn between a desire to stop the wors- 
ening civil war in Yemen and yet not 
commit troops under United Nations 
command because of the mounting costs 
and complexities of peacekeeping opera- 
tions. the Security Council has approved 
the deployment of a small international 
force to monitor a cease-fire. 

A unilateral cease-fire was called by 
the government of Yemen, which is seek- 
ing to subdue rebel forces in the break- 
away area of southern Yemen. The rebels 
are concentrated near the port city of 
Aden. 

[The truce collapsed after five hours 
on Thursday. Reuters reported. A South- 
ern official said he ordered his forces to 
counterattack after what he called re- 
peated provocation. 

[The rival factions also signed a Rus- 
sian-mediated cease-fire on Thursday 
that was to take effect at midnight.) 

The UN force is expected to be com- 


posed of several dozen military officers, 
mainly from Jordan and Oman but with 
a few from the United States and France. 

The vote represents a small but per- 
haps significant political victory for the 
United States. 

The Clinton administration is seeking 
to maneuver the UN into nudging re- 
gional governments toward settling local 
disputes themselves without resorting jo 
international involvement, especially .in 
complicated and protracted civil wars. 

Indeed, a senior American diplomat 
called the civil war in Yemen “an impen- 
etrable mess" on Tuesday in outlining 
Washington's policy. 

In taking its action on Wednesday, the 
Security Council avoided the issue of 
putting together another observer force 
under UN command. About 70.000 UN 
peacekeepers are now deployed in politi- 
cal hotspots around the world at an an- 
nual cost of about S3 billion. 

After the vote. Madeleine K. Albright, 
the U.S. representative to the LIN. said 
Washington “is keenlv sensitive to limits 


on the financial, material and human 
resources of the United Nations." 

Before the Security Council vote, Sec- 
retary-General Butros Butros Ghali 
called the living conditions in the be- 
sieged city of Aden intolerable, with 
most of its 400.000 residents without 
electric power and water. 

The International Red Cross said it 
was sending two relief ships to Aden 
from the port of Djibouti, about 325 
kilometers (200 miles) away. The Red 
Cross said one vessel was carrying equip- 
ment to help restore the water supply 
while the other was loaded with vehicles 
and medical supplies. 

Mr. Butros Ghali reiterated his plea 
for another cease-fire — there have beed 
six since the Security Council called for a 
holt in fighting on June 1 after it resumed^ 
in earnest — and again begged both sides i 
to sit down and settle their differences. 

A major stumbling point is bow a 
cease-fire can be sustained over a period 
long enough to allow the two sides to 
work out their differences. 


UN Blames Hutu for Rwanda Genocide 


Tkc / > "^L 

GENEVA — The massacres 


Mr. Abdic. a Muslim bust- engulfing Rwanda are a pre- 
nessman. has broken with the planned and systematically co- 
Muslim political leadership m ordinaied campaign of geno- 
Bosnia in their continuing war tide, a UN report "said 
with Bosnian Serbs. He favors Thursday, 
compromise with the Serbs to The report by a special inves- 
put an end to the prolonged tigator. Rene Degni-Segui. put 


civil conflicL 


the blame ciearh on Hutu 


Roxal Plaza; 

I MONTREUX i 1 


“We are closely monitoring forces. He said international 
the deployment of those tanks war crimes charges should be 
and heavy artillery pieces." a brought against those respoasi- 
UN official said. “None of ble. It was the most damning 
them have been used in fighting indictment to date bv the U'nit- 


so for." 


ed Nations of the Hutu-led in- 


Under a January 1 992 peace lerim government and army in 
plan for Croats and the Kraj ina Rwanda. 

Serbs, Ignited Nations repre- It was also the first lime an 
sentatives were supposed to official LfN report supported 
guard heavy weapons that had what many observers believed 
been turned in to depots. — that the' death of the Rwan- 


MmuHcNi $&an. 

Eji 191! PftPlS 

THE OLDEST COCKTAIL BAR IN EUROPE 
; just tell the tavi driver, “S:i':k roe Jx - 
PARIS: 5. rue P ntin»u 
BEKLJN : Grand Hold Esplanade 
HAMFOUF.C: BleidHmhor 


dan president in a mysterious 
plane crash on April b was an 
excuse for. but not the cause of. 
the ethnic bloodbath. 

Mr. Degni-Segui. dean of the 
law faculty at Abidjan Univer- 
sity in Ivory Coast, put the 
death toll aL 200.000 to 500.000 
but said this was very conserva- 
tive. He cited estimates from 
observers on the spot that 1 
million people could have been 
killed 

He said the slaughter of mi- 
nority Tutsi by the majority 
Hutu was true genocide, os de- 
fined by L^N conventions. 

“ft is uncertain whether we 
will ever know the number of 
victims." Mr. Degni-Segui said. 
“But what is certain is that the 


Mr. Degni-Segui who was 
appointed special investigator 
at an emergency UN Human 
Rights Commission session last 
month, based his report on in- 
terviews with aid workers. UN 
officials and a visit to Rwanda. 

His report said the hate cam- 
paign by Hutu radio, the mass 
distribution last year of weap- 
ons. intense training for militia- 
men between November and 
March, and the sheer speed and 


scope of the massacres aii 
pointed to the fact that the 
slaughter was planned before 
the April plane crash. 

It did not attribute blame for 
the plane crash bui pointed out 
that it only took a few hours to 
set up an interim Hutu govern- 
ment and that militia barri- 
cades went up in Kigali even 
before the death of President 
Juvenal Habyarimana was an- 
nounced. 


Airbus A- 330 Crashes 


SEOUL (AP) — Thousands of workers at South Korea's t 
second- largest auto plant began a partial walkout Thursday amid - 

signs that die current wave of labor unrest may escalate. Govern- : 

merit officials said the strike at Xia Motors Co. is legal but might 
adversely affect labor disputes at other wort sites. j, 

Disputes involving six major companies, including Kumno and 
Co., the nation’s second-largest tire maker, already have cost ■■ 

South Korea $72 million in lost production and $1* million in y 

exports, officials said. In addition, Hyundai Heavy Industries, the 
world's largest shipyard, is strikebound. 

Government statistics show that 45 labor disputes have broken j 
out so far this year, 23 in June alone. But, on Thursday, union 
leaders announced the end of a weeklong subway and rail strike 
that had crippled the nation's transportation system. 

Briton Hin ts at Progress in EU Feud 

LONDON (AP) — Britain and Germany are still in disagree- ’ 
ment about a new president for (he European Commission. 

Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd indicated Thursday, but he 
hinted that there was a “reasonable chance" the dispute will be 
resolved within two weeks. 

The German foreign minister, Klaus KinkeL said that the spirit 
of discussions he had here with Mr. Hurd “offered some ground ■ 

for hope." _ 

At the European Union summit meeting on Corfu last week- • 
end, Prime Minister John Major vetoed Prime Minister Jean- Luc *?. 
Dehaene of Belgium as the successor to Jacques Delors. Mr. 

Dehaene had been backed by Germany and the olher 10 EU 
members. 

U.K. to Send IRA Prisoners to Belfast 

LONDON (Reuters) — IRA prisoners serving jail sentences in 
Britain are to be transferred to Northern Ireland, a govern me ni 
department said Thursday. 

Up to 30 prisoners from the Irish Republican Array, which is 
battling to oust Britain from Northern Ireland, have applied to the 
Home Office to be moved to the province. “I can confirm Lhat 
some decisions have been taken on that matter," a spokeswoman 
for the Northern Ireland Office said. 

Angola Reports Victory Over Rebels 

LUANDA, Angola (AP) — Government troops have taken 
control of the city of Kuito after months of fierce fighting with 
UN IT A rebels, the government radio said Thursday. 

“We are pursuing the enemy in the surrounding area, and we 
can guarantee that the defensive ring around the dry will be 
widened," the radio's Kuito correspondent reported. It was not 
possible to confirm the report independently. 

Kuito, 670 kilometers (415 miles) southeast of Luanda, is a key 
central highlands city near the rebel headquarters of Huambo. 1 1 
has been under siege by UNITA, the National Union for the Total 
Independence of Angola, for 15 months. 

Correction 

In an article in Thursday’s editions about reaction to the 
election of the new Japaneseptime minis ter, a statement about the ^ 
possible imjpact on U.S.-Japan trade talks was misatlribuled. A 
Foreign Ministry official said he thought the Americans would ~ 
“show understanding of the political situation in Japan and be#* i-- 
good enough to wait for the dust to settle.” ** 

TRAVEL UPDATE 

France Tightens Drimk-Driving Law 

PARIS (AFP) — With millions of French poised to hit the 
highways for summer vacation, the transport minister has issued a 
reminder that it will be easier for the police to make drunk-driving 
arrests. 

As of July 1 1, the legal limit for people who drink and drive in 
Franoe is 0.7 grams of alcohol per liter of blood. That is down 
from O.S grams a liter under a bill passed in December. 

Transport and Tourism Minister Bernard Bosson said the new 
ratio means that with each meal, drivers should limit themselves to 
an aperitif and half a bottle of wine. With drunken driving blamed 
, for 40 percent of highway deaths in France, Mr. Bosson said, “the 
new restriction seems only logical" From June 1, 1 993, to Mav 3 1 
i of year, 8,824 people died on French highways, he said. 

\ Greece on Thursday put a levy on leisure boats to fund its drive 
clean up Aegean beaches and resorts. The tax is 1000 drachmas 
($4. 12) a month for each meter of a boat's length, rising to 2 500 
Drachmas a meter for vessels longer than 15 meters. ( Reuters I 

\The Dead Sea Scrolls went on (fisptay at the Vatican on 
uiursday. The exhibition of 12 fragmentary manuscripts and 
ochaeological artifacts from the Dead Sea site at Qumran will 
nmain on show for three months. I Reuters! < 

Turkey has increased security at tourist sites after a string of 
teronst attacks by Kurdish guerrillas. (AP) 

i VV 1 ^ 0 ^ re S lJ 3r fK ? irts to Western Europe oa 

Jujr I, Hanoi s Vietnam News reported Thursday. The airline will H 

nytwice a week from Hanoi to Berlin and Paris. (Bloomberg) N ' 


a Test, Killing Grew 


Compiled by Our S:sjf From Dtspaii-bes 

TOULOUSE. France — An 


iniernaiionaJ community is as- Airbus A -330 passenger plane 
sisting in a human tragedy undergoing tests crashed 
which seems to hare been well Thursday shortly after takeoff 


orchestrated. “ 


from the Toulouse airport, kili- 


He said in the absence of a ins all crew members on board. 


permanent international war There were coonicting re- 
crimes court, the United Na- ports about the number of crew 
tions should either set up tem- members. The regional rescue 
porary jurisdiction to bring the service said there were five; Air- 
guilty to justice or extend the bus said there were seven. 


lere were conflictinG 


tribunal for the former Yugo- 
slavia lo cover Rwanda. 


The plane crashed in an unin- 


end of the runway. The cause 
was not immediately known. 

Airbus jets are assembled at 
an Aerospatiale SA facility near 
ihe Toulouse airport. 

The A-330 is a two-engine, 
long-distance airliner that was 
introduced in November 1992. 
It has a capacity of 295 to 440 
passengers, depending on seat- 
ing configuration. 

Five of the wide-bodied 


■ee with France’s Air In- of the A-330 with U^.-made 
two with Ireland’s Aer Pratt and Whitney engines that 
had not yet gone into service. ] 
re for 118 more have The A-330 was brief lv 
by 14 airlines, ao grounded earlier this year after 
irbus, a consortium a plane bound for Marseille had' 
term an, British and to return to Paris in mid-flight! 
ospace companies, on Jan. 28 because it could nor 
be world’s No. 2 retract its landing gear. It was’ 
aircraft manufac- the third time the plane had' 
Boeing Co. of the experienced problems of this' 
s. kind. 


cordingo Airbus, a consortium 
of Frem, German, British and 
Spanistteerospace companies. 
Airbus \ the world’s No. 2 
commerfel aircraft manufac- 
turer a fa Boeing Co. of the 
United T 


habited area just beyond the planes are in commercial ser- 


lane was a version 


INTERNATIONAL 


THE UNIVli-: • • '• 

LIBRARY 


• 4 


TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1994 



Page ti Se 5 


POLITICAL NOTES 



Bloodstained Glove Is Presented in Simpson Case 


frq» Bullets Attract Shots 

. Washington — Budgcs-cutim took 
aim at a SZ5 million program that bestows 
iree bullets to aspiring young shooters —and 
missed by a mile. » -• 

On a voice vote, the House refused to Ml 
the Civilian Marksmanship Program, which" 
leaches people how to shoot by giving away- 
SOme 40 milli on rounds Of amim initinh to 
novices yearly. 

Although the program has long drawn fire- 
from opponents who’ argue that the govern- 
ment should not be in the gun-lesson busi- 
ness, Congress voted last year to conTinue 
subsidizing the summer marksmanship train- 
ing camps. 

Critics call it a subsidy for gun clubs. Sup- 
porters say the program teaches g»n safety. 

“One or the most important lessons we can - 
teach is respect and proper use of a weapon.” 
said Representative Marcy Kaptur, Demo- 
crat of Ohio. 

The program was created in 1903 because 
of a problem the Army encountered during 
the Spanish- American War. Recruits did not 
know how to shooL 

““The people of this country are asking us 10 
get the guns off the streets and the violence 
out of the neighborhoods,” countered Repre- 
sentative Nydia Velazquez, Democrat of New 
York. “They certainly are not asking us to 
give away 40 milli on rounds Of amm unition.** 

The program’s supporters included Repre- 
sentative Paul E. GiUmor, Republican of 
Ohio, whose district includes Camp Perry, 
where the program’s annual competition is 
held. 

“We’re very happy. We’re O.K. for another 
year,” Mr. Gillmor said after the vote. (AP) 


Panetta Finds Out Who’s Boss 

WASHINGTON •—'Leon E. Panetta, Pres- 
ident Bill Clinton’s new chief of staff, has said 
he demanded full authority over White House 
hiring and Bring. 

That did not prevent Mr. Panetta, while 
touching TV bases, from receiving a midnight 
telephone call from his boss to warn him to 
watch what he said regarding Dee Dee Myers, 
the White House press secretary. 

An account provided by White House offi- 
cials of tha t call and others during Mr. Panet- 
ta's first hours in office does not contradict 
his claim that he is in charge. However, it 
makes it dear that the president still knows 


how to use the telephone and the chain of 
command. . 

In his first public appearance after his 
appointment was announced, Mr. Panetta 
headed to the CNN studio for an appearance 
on. “Larry King Live," where the questions 
awaiting him included one about whether he 
intended to bring in his own press secretary. 


“Obviously, I’m going to bring in some of my 
own people to- try to assist me in that effort, 
sure, Mr. Panetta replied 

Moments later, when asked directly wheth- 
er Ms. Myers might be replaced, Thomas F. 

, McLarty 3d, the ousted chief of staff, who 
appeared along with Mr. Panetta on the pro- 
gram, said it would be important to put in 
place “the righ t team for the White House at 
this time” Mr. Panetta did nothing 10 darify 
his own remark or Mr. McLarty’s, which set 
off the following drain, reaction: 

• From the west Wing of the White House, 
a press aide quickly sent word by pager to a 
colleague traveling with. Mr. Quiton.’s . party 
in New York that Mr. Panetta had suggested 
that Ms. Myers’ job was in question. 

• The news was relayed to Jeffrey Eller, a 
White House official who was acting as press 
secretary for the president's appearance at a 
Democratic fund-raiser. 

• Mr. EDer briefed Bruce Lindsey, a senior 
adviser who is Mr. CHn ton’s constant travel- 
ing companion. 

• Mr. Lindsey huddled with Harold M. 
I ekes, the deputy chief of staff who had come 
to New York for the fund-raiser. 

. •Together, they reviewed a transcript of 
. Mr.Panetla’s remarks, then showed it to Mr. 
Clinton as he headed back to Air Force One 
about 4 1:30 P.M. 

• From the plane, Mr. Clinton telephoned 
Vice President A1 Gore. 

• The president then called Mr. Panetta, 
who had just wound up his second television 
appearance of the night, on ABCs “Night- 
line.” 

• Mr. Panetta quickly telephoned the press 
secretary at her home after midnight to assure 
her that be meant no harm. 

• The next day Mr. Panetta telephoned 

The Associated Press to proclaim: “I have full 
confidence in Dee Dee. (NYT) 

Quota /Unquote 

Sheriff Sherman Block of Los Angeles 
County on OJ. Simpson’s deportment in jail: 
“AD reports I’ve received are that he’s a 
model inmate. He doesn’t make demands.” 

(NYT) 


Split Supreme Court Upholds 


By Joan Biskupic 

Washington Past Service 

WASHINGTON — The Su- 
preme Court, in a 6-to>3 deci- 
sion that could ddtise the clam- 
orous demonstrations that have 
, become routine an abortion 
clinics, ruled Thursday that 
judges may keep protesters 


a dime. • - 

The high court said,- however, 
that an order preventing pro- 
testers from approaching pa- 
tients within lOO yards of a clin- 
ic went too far, -hampering 
speech rights more than acces- 
sary to prevent intimi dation 
ana assure access to the clinic. 

Overall, the court gave judges 
strong authority to check all 
sorts of demonstrations, lead- 
ing dissenting justices to say the 
court “has left a powerful load; 
ed weapon lying about today" 
that could be used 10 squelch 
the speech of protesters of ah 
sentiments. , . 


rights law does not require cre- 
ation of the largest possibte 
number of minority-dominated 
election districts. 

• Ruled dial U.S. judges may 
order a death row inmates exe- 
cution postponed until a lawyer 
can be appointed to help pre- 

Justice 

Hairy A. Blackmun’s last day 


on the bench. In a letter he read 
aloud to his colleagues. Justice 
Blackmon said of ms 24 years 
an the court: 

' “Always there was an aware- 
ness that we were all in this 
’ together, .and -that the system 
seemed to be working- And 
there was the conviction that 
this was the way it was meant to 
be and that it would work out 
all right.” - - • 

The ruling over access to an 
abortion clinic in Melbourne, 
Florida, was scorned by abor- 
tion opponents and cheered by 
abortion rights advocates. 

“You can’t give people your 
message when you have to stay 
36 feet away,” said Mathew 
Staver, a lawyer who had repre- 
sented the protesters. 

. Eleano r SmeaL president of 
the Feminist Majority Founda- 
tion,, which had helped defend 
the cl inic, said the decision was 
“a good omen for the 40 other 
local and state injunctions ir 
place” at the nation's abortior 
dirties.” 

She said that having Chfcf 
. Justice William H. Rehnquit 
i hand jt down makes it evm 
[ stronger. 

Justice Rehnquist, who urns 
r no right w abortion in the Cm- 
- stitution, nonetheless said tiat 
r government has an interest in 
■ making sure pregnant wonen 
can get to a azoic for metical 
s and counseling services. , 
f He said that although a Bon- 


Away From Polit ics 

•* «** 

E5S ES* SKSSfc o. »» 

fraud settlement in U.S. history. _ 

.tbe Jotao. 

• A 12 -jearaU New * otk, y Michael 

ths shooting hadiot dimiaed 
hiiSpi " , ‘ centered tried as ® h. °f * 

gSSsggesS 

Sieger in the back of tfc^cL toaC( &ion between 

sss^^ssssstnf^ 

3 C-1 30 Tyspo. * P lanes 


da judge had specifically or- 
dered anti-abortion protesters 
away from the Melbourne clin- 
ic, the order was not targeting a 
particular content or viewpoint, 
but instead disruptive activities. 

. He said the order did not 
prohibit demonstrations in fa- 
vor of abortion because no such 
demonstrations had been held 
at the clinic. 

Because the order was not 
aimed at the content of the pro- 
test message, Justice Rehnquist 
«id, it dianot have to meet the 
Strictest standards for regula- 
tions that infringe on speech 
rights. The test for a “content- 
oeutral order,” he said, is 
whether it burdens “no more 
: speech than necessary to serve a 
significant government inter- 
est" 

While the standard that Jus- 
tice Rehnquist adopted gives 
judges great leeway, he noted 
that action by the courts de- 
mands greater scrutiny than 
legislatures, which might create 
buffer zones through statute. 

The court upheld another 
part of the order that restrained 
protesters from chanting, 
shouting, using bullhorns and 
pialring other loudnaises within 
earshot of the patients. 

“The First Amendment does 
not demand that patients at a 
medical facility undertake Her- 
culean efforts to escape the ca- 
cophony of political protests,” 
Justice Rehnquist wrote. 


Nation’s Symbol, 
Bald Eagle, Off 
Endangered lost 

Washington Pan Service 

WASHINGTON — The 
North American bald eagle — 
symbol of the nation, but heavi- 
ly hunted, poisoned by pesti- 
cides and faring extinction a 
generation ago — has made a 
comeback. 

Citing a three-decade cam- 
paign to rebuild eagle popula- 
tions across the United States, 
the Interior Department moved 
Thursday to rec l assify the na- 
tional emblem from “endan- 
gered” to the less urgent 
threatened" in all but three of 
the lower 48 states. 

The eagle population in the 
continental United States, 
which numbered in the tens of 
thousands in the 1800s, sank to 
a low of 417 pairs in 1963. Since 
1967, when U.S. officials first 
listed the eagles as endangered, 
ihrir numbers have steadily ris- 
en. 


The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — A bloodstained 
glove was found outside O J. Simpson's 
home, resembling one found at the scene 
where his former wife and a friend of 
hers were killed, court documents indi- 
cated Thursday. 

- At a hearing on motions in the case, 
attorneys unveiled a list of more than 
100 pieces of evidence, from blood and 
hairs to leather gloves and a cigarette 
bull. And police officers on Thursday 
searched a vacant lot not far from Mr. 
Simpson's Los Angles home for more 
evidence. 

At the hearing, prosecutors and Mr. 
Simpson’s attorneys clashed over how 
many of Mr. Simpson's hairs should be 
provided as evidence in the June 12 
slayings of Nicole Brown Simpson, 35, 
and her friend, Ronald Goldman, 25. 

Judge Kathleen Kennedy-PoweB of 
the Municipal Court ordered that Mr. 
Simpson provide up to 10 hairs for tests 
to see whether they match hair found 
near the bodies. Deputy District Attor- 
ney Marcia Clark sought a hundred or 
so,' saying several should be tested from 
each area of his head. Mr. Simpson's 
attorney asked that only one strand be 
given. 

A possibly more significant dispute 
emerged in a court filing on Wednesday 
— a defense motion seeking exclusion of 
evidence seized hours after the slayings. 

Lawyers for Mr. Simpson, a former 
football star and film and television per- 
sonality, filed court papers arguing that 
key pieces of evidence should be thrown 
out on the grounds that they were ob- 
tained without a warrant The court pa- 
pers said detectives stumbled onto evi- 
dence from Mr. Simpson’s home when 


Big Boost 
In Congress 
For Space 
Station 


By Erie Pianin 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The 
House of Representatives has 
voted overwhelmingly to con- 
tinue financing the S28 billion 
space station project bowing to 
an intense lobbying effort by 

the Clin ton adminis tration and 

pleas from House members to 
preserve tens of thousands of 
aerospace industry jobs. 

The once seemingly doomed 
project — it barely survivedlast 
year by a single vote — was 
approved, 27B to 155, Wednes- 
day after the White House and 
the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration officials 
waged a vigorous six-month 
campaign to turn the tide. 

Vice President A1 Gore said 
the strong vote “dears the way 
for a new era of space explora- 
tion and cooperation with our 
international partners, includ- 
ing Russia.” 

Critics, led by two first-ierm 
representatives, Timothy J. 
Roemer, Democrat of Indiana, 
and Dick Zimm er, Republican 
of New Jersey, dismissed the 
space station project as “bad 
science.” They also tennod it an 
“enormous parasite” on financ- 


tbey went there to inform him of his 
former wife’s death. Mr. Simpson was 
not home at the time. 

Among the evidence detailed Thurs- 
day were what were described as red 
stains on Mr. Simpson's driveway, on a 
nearby curb, in the master bedroom and 
bathroom, as well as numerous stains on 
Mr. Simpson's Ford Bronco — on the 
driver’s door, instrument panel, driver- 
side floor, driver's seat and steering 
wheel. 

A police affidavit separately referred 
10 “blood droplets” lead in g from the 
Bronco to Mr. Simpson’s front door. 

“During the securing of the residence, 
a man’s leather glove, containing human 
blood, was also observed on the south 
side of the residence. This glove closely 
resembled a brown leather glove located 
at the crime scene at the feet" or Mr. 
Goldman, the affidavit said- 

Police officers, meanwhile, conducted 


an investigation at a vacant lot in Brent- 
wood not far from Mr. Simpson's home. 
The police have been looking for the 
weapon used in the slayings. It is be- 
lieved to be a 15-inch (40-centimeter) 
serrated knife. 

The court hearing on various motions 
dealt mostly with pieces of evidence and 
whether they could be split so that both 
prosecutors and defense could lest them 
independently. A preliminary hearing 
scheduled to begin Thursday, at which 
Judge Kennedy-Powell would begin 
considering whether to hold Mr. Simp- 
son for trial, did not start because the 
motions were discussed instead. 

The court heard from Michele 
Kestler, an assistant director of the Los 
Angeles Police Department's crime lab. 
She described various pieces of evidence 
and how many samples can be shared 
with the defense for independent analy- 
sis. 


Live Coverage Bumps the ‘Soaps’ 


The Associated Press 

NEW YORK —The major U.S. tele- 
vision networks planned to preempt 
their usual daytime fare of soap operas 
and games shows on Thursday to offer 
continuous live coverage of the prelimi- 
nary bearing in the O J. Simpson murder 
case. 

In a sign of how the case has riveted 
the public's — and the networks' — 
attention, ABC, CBS, and NBC all said 
they would have their major evening 
news presenters anchoring the coverage 


from New York. CNN also planned 
continuous coverage. 

NBC. which had planned to diride 
coverage between the hearing and the 
Wimbledon tennis tournament, an- 
nounced Wednesday that it would stay 
with the Simpson case all day. airing a 
“ hig hli g ht match” during Lhe hearing's 
lunch break. 

It will be the second Simpson drama 
to play itself out on live television: His 
night' from the police after being 
charged with murder was seen by an 
estimated 95 milli on U.S. viewers. 


She also backed up the prosecution’s 
contention that many samples of a sus- 
pect’s hair are needed for a good com- 
parison with samples of hair from a 
crime scene. She said 30 to 100 hairs are 
the scientifically accepted norm. 

The defense motion to suppress evi- 
dence was filed Wednesday. It contend- 
ed it was improper for detectives to 
search the fenced-in grounds of Mr. 
Simpson’s estate without a warrant. 

The motion said police went there at 5 
A.M. on June 13 to tell Mr. Simpson of 
his former wife’s death, found the house 
locked and got no response from a gate 
intercom. The police goi a phone num- 
ber from a home security company that 
rang at an answering machine, the mo- 
tion stated. 

“Rather man leave a message, one of 
the detectives climbed over the 5-fooi 
wall protecting the defendant’s resi- 
dence. opened the gate and admitted the 
remaining detectives,” the motion said. 

The detecuves searched the house and 
at some point roused one of Mr. Simp- 
son's daughters, who was sleeping there. 
At 7:30 A.M. they told her that she had 
to leave so the premises could be 
searched, the motion said. 

Another guesL was detained and re- 
moved from the house, it said. 

The police eventually found out that 
Mr. Simpson was on a business trip to 
Chicago, contacted him and he agreed to 
return. 

The search warrant was not obtained 
until 10:45 A.M.. Mr. Simpson's lawyers 
stated. The lawyers argued that the law 
does not permit warrantless entries, 
even for investigation of a murder. 




Tiditt L'lonc \ynwv FravcProwc 


GATE OF HOPE — A Haitian talking to a U.S. Consulate employee through the building's gate in Port-au-Prince 
this week. He and those fined up behind him are seeking U.S. visas, while others simply take to the sea to try to leave. 

Dole Joins In With Own Health Care Bill 


“enormous parasite on financ- 
ing that could better be used for 
other research or for reducing 
the budget deficit. 

Since it was proposed by 
Ronald Reagan m 1984, the 
costly project has experienced 
scores of management and con- 
tracting problems and has be- 
came a favorite rhetorical target 
of fiscal conservatives. 

But by dramatically revamp- 
ing the design , trimming costs 
And entering a joint operational 
and cost-sharing agreement 
with the Russians, the Clinton 
Adminis tration and NASA won 
crucial converts in the House. 

Bill Richardson, Democrat 
of New Mexico, a member of 
the House leadership who op- 
posed the space station a year 
ago but voted for it Wednesday 
night, said many memberswere 
influenced by the administra- 
tion’s argument that the project 
was important to long-term re- 
lations with Russia. 

The U.S. government has 
spent $11 2 bimon on the space 
station, which represents NA- 
SA’s hopes for future manned 
space flight. Much of (hat mon- 
ey 1ms gone for naught, and 
now the space agency wants to 
spend S17.4 billion more to 
complete work on a huge 415- 
ton manned research complex. 


Mitterrand Passes Checkup 

Agence France- Presse j 

PARIS — President Francois j 
Mitterrand’s prostate cancer 
has been contained and bas not 
spread to any other pan of his 
body, his doctors said Thurs- 
day. The French president had 
a prostate operation in Septem- 
ber 1992. The doctors said the 
results of all other examinations 
were normal 


By Adam Clymer 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — The 
leader of the minority Republi- 
cans in the Senate, Bob Dole of 
Kansas, has moved to establish 
a strong conservative position 
on health care for himself and 
his party by marshaling broad 
Republican support for a plan 
that would widen access to in- 
surance but would not promise 
to insure all Americans. 

AH but five of the Senate's 44 
Republicans signed up as back- 
ers of the bill, giving it more 
Senate sponsors than any other 
health measure. 

The support quickly estab- 
lished Senator Dole as a force 
on the issue by adding a new 
element to a debate that so far 
has been dominated by Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton’s proposal, a 
variety of Democratic alterna- 
tives that made only limited 
changes, and a moderate pack- 
age teat did not satisfy Repub- 
lican conservatives. 

It plainly complicated the ef- 
forts of Mr. Clinton and his 
supporters to get Lhe Senate to 
back a plan guaranteeing uni- 
versal coverage that would de- 
pend on employers’ paying 
most of their workers’ health 
insurance premiums. Senator 
Dole’s proposal would impose 
no requirement on either em- 
ployers or individuals. 

His announcement Wednes- 
day overshadowed the long-de- 
layed be ginnin g of formal Sen- 
ate Finance Committee 


requent flyer 

T R A V E l Jc t U B 

A dub £1375 


deliberations on a bill, which 
began Wednesday. 

[President Clinton criticized 
Mr. Dole’s proposal on Thurs- 
day as “politics as usual" that 
would do nothing for the mid- 
dle class and small business, 
The Associated Press reported 
from Washington. 

[“It does a little bit for the 
poor, it leaves all the powerful 
vested interest groups with ev- 
erything they’ve got, and it 
walks away from the middle 
class and small business,” he 
said. “It is politics as usual."] 

Lorrie McHugh, a White 
House spokeswoman, criticized 
the Dole plan, pointing out that 
it was patterned on a proposal 
that President George Bush put 
forward in 1992. Alluding to 
Senator Dole’s presidential am- 
bitions, she said: “It will proba- 
bly do Dole as much good as it 
did for President Bush. You 
cann ot solve the problem of 
pre-existing conditions and cost 
control generally without hav- 
ing universal coverage.” 


The senator would not an- 
swer when a reporter asked him 
whether his plan, which would 
prohibit insurance companies 
from refusing coverage to peo- 


( >le with existing medical prob- 
ems, would not simply result in 
all other Americans with insur- 
ance paying higher rates to help 
cover these people. 

He was also asked why he 
had abandoned his previous ad- 
vocacy of universal insurance 
coverage. He answered: 

“I think I agreed that was 
certainly a goal. I didn't object 
to everybody being covered. 
But I did object on how we were 
going to do it and how we were 
going to get there and how they 
defined it. The president has 
never really defined universal 
coverage except in very broad 
terms." 

Last summer and fall. Sena- 
tor Dole repeatedly identified 
universal coverage as the place 
where he most agreed with the 
president. He said then that he 
believed it could be attained 


without the bureaucracy and 
price control of the Clinton pro- 
posals. 

But since then, he has moved 
toward entering the 1996 Re- 
publican presidential race — an 
arena where conservatives are 
dominant. And at the same 
time, he faces frequent pressure 
from the right in the Senate 
Republican caucus, so he has 
given less and less support to a 
measure backed by Senator 
John H. Chafee of Rhode Is- 
land. a moderate Republican, 
requiring individuals to buy in- 
surance for themselves. 


Runoff Set in Ukraine Vote 

The Associated Press 

KIEV — The decisive second 
round of voting in Ukraine's 
presidential election will take 
place July 10. officials an- 
nounced Thursday. The vote 
pits President Leonid M. Krav- 
chuk against his former prime 
minister, Leonid S. Kuchma. 


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1 


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FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1994 


OPINION 


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Russia: Take Another Look, Privatization Is Working 


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A Summit 

Just three months ago North Korea 
was threatening to drown Seoul in a “sea 
of fire.” But on Tuesday at the same table 
in Parnnunjom. a North Korean official 
accepted his country’s first summit meet- 
ing with South Korea, to be held July 25 
to 27 in Pyongyang. The meeting fio*s 
from the recent developments that led 
North Korea and the United Slates io 
decide lo resume negotiations in Geneva 
on July 8 on the security, political and 
economic terms by which the North 
might yield its nuclear option. 

Kim 11 Sung is founding father of the 
48-year-old Communist regime in the 
North and perpetrator of massive aggres- 
sion and terrorism against the South. He 
has audaciously reviled the South’* Kim 
Young Sam as the “traitor” head of a 
“puppet” regime, preferring to deal direct- 
ly with the United States. But Washington, 
faithful to its ally, insisted that Seoul be 
included. At that. Kira 11 Sung won a 
provision — that the summit be canceled 
in the event of a “provocative" act — 
which gives him an opening to duck out. 
Nor would he accept giving his Korean 
partner the courtesy of a reciprocal visit 
Perhaps he is reluctant to show the North's 
television audience the consumer-rich, 
democratic reality of a country be has 
depicted as miserable and oppressed. 


The Mismatch in Tokyo 


Only a political party system in its death 
agony could produce a government like 
the one Japan’s House of Representatives 
chose on Wednesday. In a desperation 
pact that could turn into a kind of slow 
mutual suicide. Tokyo's two largest tradi- 
tional {rallies, the Liberal Democrats and 
the Socialists, joined forces to elect Tomii- 
chi Murayama as Japan's first Socialist 
prime minister since the 1940s. Mr. Mur- 
ayama represents the left wing of a leftist 
party, but he now must depend on right- 
wing remnants of Japan's main rightist 
party, the misleadingly named Liberal 
Democrats. It is a prescription for domes- 
tic and foreign policy paralysis and a seri- 
ous blow to Clinton administration hopes 
for cooperation on Korea and trade. 

Yet this unnatural alliance will proba- 
bly accelerate Japan's political realign- 
ment. hastening the day of effective, re- 
sponsive government. Discontented 
members of both parties are already seek- 
ing a new political home. An ineffective 
coalition could alienate voters and 
strengthen the forces of reform. 

The new partnership reflects the three- 
way breakdown of Japan’s present legis- 
lature, the first since 1955 not dominated 
by the Liberal Democrats. With neither 
Liberal Democrats. Socialists nor the re- 
form coalition originally put together by 
Morihiro Hosokawa holding a majority, 
exotic coalitions uniting parties with little 
in common are inevitable. But it would be 


hard to imagine a more surrealistic ar- 
rangement than this Liberal Democratic- 
Socialist alliance. The Liberal Democrats' 
main claim to business and American sup- 
port had always been their ability to keep 
the Socialists out of power. The Socialists' 
only consistent principle for 40 years has 
been to oppose the Liberal Democrats. 

Both elements of the new ruling tandem 
are in decline. The Liberal Democrats 
have been reduced to a collection of fac- 
tions whose loyalties shift on a day-to- 
day basis. Two of those factions bolted 
ranks before the Murayama vote, strength- 
ening the reform alliance that now be- 
comes the main opposition. And the So- 
cialists lost half their seats in last July's 
parliamentary elections, a fair verdict on 
their inability to adjust to changing limes. 

Both are likely to lose even more 
ground after more representative elector- 
al districts are drawn later this year. Un- 
surprisingly. Mr. Murayama has suggest- 
ed that he may dissolve the Diet soon to 
permit one more race before redistriciing. 

For now. ihe old-style politicians most 
threatened by the past year's political 
upheavals are enjoying a sweet revenge. 
Yet unless the Socialists and Liberal 
Democrats begin responding to an elec- 
torate that is fed up with corruption, a 
stagnant economy and high prices, the 
future of these uninspiring veterans looks 
anything but brighL 

- THE SEW YORK TIMES. 


Qinton’s Money Problem 


President and Mrs. Clinton have every 
right to establish a legal defense fund. The 
$1,000 limit is reasonable, and the ban on 
contributions from political action com- 
mittees is commendable. But the decision 
to allow contributions by lobbyists and 
people who do business with the govern- 
ment illustrates again the Clintons' uncan- 
ny ability to make a mess of a bad situa- 
tion. Is there no one in this While House 
who understands the erosive impact of the 
administration's habit of demanding full 
credit for half-measures? 

Everyone in Washington knows who the 
lobbyists are and what interests they repre- 
sent. Laundering (heir gifts through their 
personal checking accounts does not re- 
move the taint from such contributions. 
They are intended to buy favor with a 
president who has shown himself all too 
willing to put his favor up for bids. 

The proper course would be to rule out 
contributions from professional lobbyists. 
There is, of course, a reason for the deci- 
sion not to. As individuals, lobbyists are 
dependable donors of so-called personal 
contributions. The Clintons choose not to 
deny themselves this guaranteed income 
stream from people who will contribute to 
a president because he is president, regard- 
less of his party or whether they favor his 
policies. In other words, the Clintons once 
again have chosen dollars over the princi- 
ples of ethical govemmenL 

Their consistency in this regard is re- 
markable. Bill Clinton has let the House 
Democrats, led by their status quo speak- 
er, make a mockery of his pledge to clean 
up political fund raising. He simply lacks 
the will and political clout to deny the 
members their annual dole from corporate 
and union political action committees. 

The sellout has been even more blatant 
on "soft money” contributions — the 
huge gifts from corporations, unions and 
other special interests to the Democratic 
and Republican national committees. Al- 


though Mr. Clinton promised to run the 
influence buyers out of politics, last Fri- 
day he said fie had to let the Democratic 
National Committee take $40 million in 
soft money because the Republicans were 
doing it, too. In other words, the candi- 
date who sold himself as a leader who 
would shake up Washington instead 
came to Washington to copy the Republi- 
cans. Now he teUs us. 

There is a cure for these problems. 
Lead the fight against political action 
committees. Unilaterally declare that 
the Democratic National Committee 
will refuse or sharply limit soft money. 
Announce that lobbyists as well as law- 
yers and executives with business before 
the government cannot give to the White 
House defense fund. Mr. President, 
could we get just one out of three? 

— THE ASH' YORK TIMES. 

Other Comment 

Going Too Far in Arms Sales 

Every government must make compro- 
mises in the pursuit of its domestic and 
foreign policy interests, and these compro- 
mises mount in proportion to the power of 
a nation. Many Third World nations have 
pointed on accusing finger at the United 
Slates for coddling unsavory regimes and 
looking the other way while a useful ally 
works its way to acquiring nuclear weap- 
ons. One must recognize the dilemmas of 
governance and the need to give prece- 
dence to demands of realpolitik. However, 
shorn of Cold War compulsions, some 
compromises the United States is making 
paint the preeminent military superpower 
m an unflattering light. It Is difficult to 
justify the tripling of U.S. arms exports 
since 1991. accounting for more than half 
of all arms exports to the Third World. 

— Kholeej Times (Dubai). 



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For South Korea, the events following 
Jimmy Carter's mission to Pyongyang 
have been a sobering reminder of its con- 
tinuing dependency and vulnerability. 
This gives it an immense stake in broaden- 
ing its own new channel to the North, even 
while making the military preparations 
essential for the coming test of wills. The 
immediate agenda includes family re- 
unions (for 40 years the North has kept 
millions of members of divided families 
from contacting kin in the South), eco- 
nomic ties and steps to lake political and 
military confrontation off a hair trigger. 

There is ids o a compelling longer-term 
agenda. Seoul must weigh the costs and 
benefits of pursuit of reunification — and 
of nonpursuit. It must calculate whether 
its conventional strength and American 
ties permit it to abandon the U.S. nuclear 
umbrella, which North Korea has made 
part of the price for its own nuclear dis- 
avowal. Looking at their power-packed 
region, some South Koreans wonder if the 
North Korean bomb program might not 
be changed from a threat in the hands of 
the North into a useful deterrent in the 
hands of a reunified Korea. 

Merely lo cite these questions is to indi- 
cate that South Korea's dealings with the 
North bear deeply on American interests. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


EW BRUNSWICK. New 
Jersey — Privatization has 
made huge strides in Russia. I am 
sure of that after 18 months of 
studying 200 large state-owned 
enterprises that have privatized. 

The average enterprise in this 
study has about 3,(H)0 employ- 
ees. and the inquiry has involved 
on-site interviews lasting up to 
six hours with company manag- 
ers and local officials in nearly 


By Joseph Bias! 


rapid conversion of 14.000 large 
nonmilitary enterprises employing 
a total of 15 million people. The 
Privatization Ministry has been 
carrying this plan out. 

After each company adopted 
a corporate charter, the manag- 
ers and employees were given the 
chance to buy a substantial share 
of the enterprise, with the rest 


More than 1 0,000 of Russia’s 14,000 largest 
companies tcere privatized fry ApriL AB this 
runs counter to public perception in the West, 


half the Russian Federation's 88 
regions, or states. The results are 
heartening. Employees are now 
majority shareholders at most 
companies, but managers exer- 
cise firm controL while outside 
investors have growing influence 
over many enterprises. 

The public also has a stake. 
And many companies are becom- 
ing more efficient than they ever 
were under the old Soviet system. 

The privatization plan approved 
by Parliament in 1992 called for 


auctioned to the general public, 
mutual funds and others. Eveiy 
Russian citizen received a 
10,000-ruble voucher valid for 
the purchase of slock in any en- 
terprise or in a mutual fund that 
invests in enterprises. 

In a second stage of privatiza- 
tion, now being prepared, the 
voucher system is to be replaced 
by cash auctions for shares. 

At Russia's largest pasta 
plant, in Nijny Novgorod, work- 
ers invested not only their own 


savings but the vouchers of fam- 
ily members to acauire 66 per- 
cent of the stock. The workers 
reasoned that owning a huge 
pasta plant was certain to be 
profitable because people were 
not going to stop eating pasta, 
whatever the state of the econo- 
my. Major outside shareholders 
include two Russian companies 
that buy and sell pasta. In addi- 
tion, Italian investors have 
agreed to provide new equip- 
ment in exchange for a share of 
the company’s profits — and a 
toehold in the Russian market. 

That experience is not uncom- 
mon. In our study, employees 
bought an average of 66 percent 
of each enterprise (senior man- 
agers got 8 percent), and 21 per- 
cent went to outsiders. The Rus- 
sian government retained 13 
percent, and these shares are to 
be sold later to outsiders — par- 
ticularly Russian or foreign in- 
vestors who agree to put money 
into the companies. 

American investors have got 
into the act. Procter & Gamble 
Co., for example, bought at least 
14 percent of a chemical compa- 


ny in the region of Tula, and 
local officials expect it to in- 
crease its stake and even get 
membership on the board. 

More than 10,000 of Russia's 
14,000 largest companies were 
privatized By April, and the gov- 
ernment has been moving to fin- 
ish the voucher auctions by July. 

All this runs counter to public 
perception in the West where it 
seems to be common wisdom 
that privatization has gone off 
the tracks — that most citizens 
sold their vouchers for food, that 
managers and bureaucrats 
bought control of the enterprises 
and that the underworld bias hi- 
jacked the entire process. 

Obviously, there have been 
some irregularities — so huge 
a program could hardly be car- 
ried out smoothly — and the Rus- 
sian press has chosen to play 
them up. But our research un- 
covers a different picture. 

Across the 40 regions we visit- 
ed, employees held onto their 
vouchers and used them to buy 
large stakes in their companies. 

The outside owners of the 200 
enterprises were mainly well- 
known Russian investment funds, 
individual citizens, other Russian 


Japan: Toward an American- Style Left and Right 

By Gregory Clark 


T OKYO — The installation of 
a SocialisL Tomiichi Mur- 
ayama. as prime minister thanks 
to skillful maneuvering by the 
leader of the conservative Liberal 
Democratic Party. Yohei Kono, 
has far more logic than might 
appear. I predicted on this page 
last April 18 that Mr. Kono was 
the man to watch. Let me try to 
explain the logic. 

Conventional wisdom said last 
year that a corrupt, conservative 
Liberal Democratic Party had fi- 
nally been thrown out of power 
by a coalition of opposition par- 
ties and reformist LDP break- 
aways. The wisdom was wrong. 

Many of those “reformist” 
breakaways had in fact bolted 
the party under a cloud of cor- 
ruption ' — in particular the key 
coalition power broker. Ichiro 
Ozawa, wfio had been a protege 
of Shin Kane mam, the former 
LDP power broker who is now 
being prosecuted on charges that 
he received large bribes from con- 
struction companies. By waring 
the flag of reform violently 
enough, they were able to con- 
vince enough voters to give them 
a chance to form a government 
under Morihiro Hosokawa. 

The first blow to the coalition 
tame when Mr. Hosokawa fell on 
a minor corruption issue. Then 
the Socialists, together with the 
Sakigake group of more genuine- 
ly liberal breakaways from the 
LDP. decided to depart. They 
could not stomach Mr. Ozawa's 
authoritarian and hawkish line. 

This left a coalition made up 
of Mr. Ozawa’s followers, some 
right-wing Socialists, amateur 
political idealists around Mr. 
Hosokawa and the opportunistic 
Komei party with its tight Bud- 
dhist factional backing to form 
a minority government. Even 
their choice of the amiable Tsu- 
tomu Haia as prime minister 
could not disguise the Ozawa 
coloring and the lack of political 
logic to the coalition. 

Meanwhile, the LDP had 
elected as its leader the liberal 
and dovish Yohei Kono, whose 
credentials as a reformer and 
dean politician were much long- 
er and stronger than those of 
anyone in the coalition. It was 
only a matter of lime before he 


was able to do a deal to allow the 
LDP to regain power in partner- 
ship with the Socialists and the 
Sakigake grouping, and with Mr. 
Murayama as prime minister. 

In short, Japanese politics are 
reluming to the path they should 
and would have been following 
but for the Ozawa distraction. 

Japan is a fairly nonideologi- 
cal society. With the Cold War 
over, both the Socialists and the 
Liberal Democrats have been 
able to moderate most of their 
former hard-line positions. (The 


Socialists now insist that in Eng- 
lish they should be called the 
Social Democratic Party). 

In any case, the Liberal Dem- 
ocratic Party has long had quite 
a few Konostyle liberals. So the 
natural political dynamic today 
is toward a fuzzy tiberal-versus- 
rigbt split rather like that in the 
United States, with political par- 
ties being secondary. The only 
real issue is the role of the mili- 
tary in foreign policy. 

Most Western commentary on 
Japan has been taken in by Mr. 


Ozawa's seemingly attractive ac- 
tivism in domestic affairs and his 
brave talk about Japan taking a 
stronger role in world affairs. 

But many Japanese are put off 
by his abrupt manner and his 
hawkishness. In an election held 
purely on the military issue, the 
liberals and doves would win 
handsomely. 

It is the unassuming Mr. Kono 
who remains closer to the politi- 
cal heartland, even if he has been 
ignored in the West. Look to him 
as the next prime minister if Mr. 
Murayama comes unstuck. 

International Herald Tribune. 


Italy: Merely the Start of a Transition 


'OMO, Italy — 

■ about Italy's new 


The truth 
govern- 
ment seems to be that no one 
knows the truth about it, not even 
its members. They are mostly new 
to power. They were not elected 
on a coherent program. None of 
their leaders — Silvio Berlusconi, 
the new prime minister, Gian- 
caiio Fim or Umberto Bossi — 
had been a politician of national 
importance. Thau of course, is 
why they were elected. 

They were outsiders to the old 

S stera. which had a comfortable 
ace for the political insiders of 
all the major parties and a payoff 
for all. It was a system, as the 
historian Sergio Romano has 
said, by which the principal par- 
ties “exacted an informal tax on 
all transactions involving state 
funds and placed their men at the 
top of the entire economic and 
administrative machine: banks, 
state industries, welfare and so- 
cial institutions, municipal com- 
panies. cultural agencies." 

No one in the system accepted 
that he was corrupt, since every- 
one was corrupt. At the same 
time, everyone recognized the 
universality of corruption and 
was diminished and demoralized 
by it. The investigations of inde- 
pendent magistrates now have 
begun to dismantle that system. 

The parliamentary elections 
that followed in March of this 
year produced victory for Mr. 
Berlusconi, the highly successful 
media entrepreneur, who market- 


By William Pfaff 


ed himself to voters as the manag- 
er who would run Italy as a sound 
and honest business. The other 
winning parties were the northern 
regional movement of Mr. Bossi 
and the neofascists, or “post-fas- 
cists” as they prefer to call them- 
selves, led by Mr. FinL 

Ail that united the three was 
their hostility to the system that 
existed before. Mr. Berlusconi 
wants privatization and conven- 
tional economic reform. He cur- 
rently is compromised by his un- 
willingness to give up his private 
television, newspaper and maga- 
zine empire (or inability to do so, 
as it is heavily indebted), while 
attempting to impose his influ- 
ence on the three state television 
networks. These were hostile to 
his election and have been the 
informal fiefs of the three previ- 
ously dominant parties, one net- 
work conceded to each party. 

Mr. Bossi's political program is 
power delegation to the regions, 
specifically, major fiscal autono- 
my for the economically success- 
ful and productive north. 

Mr. Ftni, a nationalist, opposes 
regionalism and has corpora tist 
economic leanings, his party's 
principal intellectual legacy from 
fascism. These are not reconcilable 
with the free- market, tax-cutting 
promises of Mr. Berlusconi, whose 
principal financial adviser is an 
academic adept of Mil ton Fried- 


A White House Shake-Up , as Usual 


W ASHINGTON — When a 
new White House crowd 
ousts the old order and arrives 
full of beans and green as grass 
to change the world, the word 
goes forth: You ain't seen 
nothin' yeL It happened with 
the advent of Jimmy Carter in 
1977, Ronald Reagan in 1981 
and once again when Bill Clin- 
ton and his merry band hit town 
in January 1993. 

Old-timers simply shake their 
beads and wait. And soon, sto- 
ries of bungling amateurism mul- 
tiply. congressional jitters mount 
as the midterm elections loom, 
and one day every gear is sud- 
denly slammed into reverse in a 
“shake-up" at the White House. 

The predictable second phase 
of the famili ar cycle is what we 
are witnessing now with Leon 
Fanetta replacing Mack McLar- 
ty as White House chief of staff. 
Mr. Panetta says he has the 
“mist and authority” and a man- 
date to put the good ship Clinton 
on a more effective tack. 

What is seldom noticed at 
these heady moments is that 
White House administrative re- 
structuring is as likely to be over- 
rated now as seasoning and ex- 
perience were underrated before. 

Reorganization may convert 
the Clinton White House into a 
tight ship, but no one should 
suppose that Mr. Panetta’s tin- 
kering will change Captain 
Clinton into a Bligh or a Queeg. 
No White House system ever 
frees itself of the temperament 
and habits of the president, and 
a system is less likely to do so 
when both the first lady and the 
vice president are independent 
centers of powers. 

Bill Clinton is hardlv the first 


Bv Edwin M. Yoder Jr. 


president to be accused of oper- 
ating a chaotic administration. 
Franklin D. Roosevelt acknow- 
ledged master of 20lh century 
presidential politics, liked to 
weave tangled lines of authority 
and to assign contradictory 
tasks sure to bring subordinates 
into collision. Dwight Eisen- 
hower imported the military staff 
system to the White House, or 
tried to. but was accused — 
sometimes misleadingly, it now 
appears — of having Buie infor- 
mation and less control of his 
own administration. 

The Clinton operation could 
use a tighter rein: no one denies 
that Symptoms of disorder are 
plentiful and are not confined 
to the White House. 

Secretary of Slate Warren 
Christopher, a good man and a 
good lawyer, is primarily re- 
sponsible for the widespread 
impression that this administra- 
tion has different foreign poli- 
cies on Monday. Wednesday 
and Friday from those on Tues- 
day, Thursday and Saturday. 
Even when his instincts are 
sound, he lacks the force to pre- 
vail over the free-lancers, in- 
cluding the chief free-lancer, 
Bill Clinton himself. 

Secretary of Energy Haze] 
O’Leary is more of less constant- 
ly “revealing” alleged scandals in 
past U.S. nuclear policy that 
sometimes leave the impression 
that the policy was made by Dr. 
Strangdove. This is pure grand- 
standing. Anyone with a library 
card and a good bibliography 
could find many of the same 
materials, long since revealed 


and more dispassionately ana- 
lyzed, in the scientific literature. 

The attorney general, Janet 
Reno, has constituted herself the 
ethical hall monitor of the ad- 
ministration and seems to have 
no political sense whatsoever — 
and to glory in its absence. 

Then there are the pictures 
that emerge in the press about 
policy-making processes. Bob 
Woodward’s book “The Agen- 
da" is replete with materials 
garnered from White House 
blabbermouths and depicts a 
president contemptuous of his 
own very impressive accom- 
plishment in the 1993 budget, 
scorning it as a “turkey” and a 
handout for bond dealers. 

A recent front-page report in 
The Washington Post, so far un- 
conlradicted, portrays policy- 
making in the dangerous Korean 
issue as improvisation, prompted 
to its latest twist by Jimmy Car- 
ter's egocentric pilgrimage to 
treat with Kim B Song. 

Accurate or not these revela- 
tions do a great deal of damage. 
And yeL if Bill Clinton were as 
closed and egocentric a personal- 
ity as he is an open one, the press 
would be full of dark stories 
about secretiveness and para- 
noia, comparing him to Richard 
Nixon. No president can win the 
battle of conventional wisdom so 
beloved of the Washington press. 

Leon Panetta's success will 
depend on bow many self-indul- 
gent habits President Clinton 
can be prevailed upon to part 
with. On the whole, however, in 
matters of White House struc- 
tural tinkering, blessed is he 
who expecteih little for he will 
not be disappointed. 

Washington Post Writers Group. 


man's Chicago School of Mone- 
tarism. Mr. rani would also reopen 
territorial controversies with Slo- 
venia that have been dosed since 
shortly after World War £L 
The support for Mr. Fini's 
“post-fascists,” whose actual re- 
semblance to historical fascism is 
otherwise slight, was principally 
provided by the agricultural 
south, where the Christian Demo- 
crats were strong in the pasL 
Mr. Berlusconi’s political sup- 
port is national in composition 
but volatile in quality, odd to- 
gether by sentiment and image 
rather than co mm on interest or a 
coherent program. His is not a 
party but a “movement," con- 
ceived in terms of a fan or sup- 
porters’ club for a football team. 

, His “Forza Italia” lost its alli- 
ances and was beaten by conven- 
tional political formations in a 
aumber of municipal and region- 
al elections last weekend. Mr. 
Berlusconi's national success did 
ndf prove transferable. His trou- 
bles thus increase as he begins the 
1 government the country, 
remain big electoral and 
constitutional problems. The 
Makh parliamentary election 
was \ conducted under a mixed 
system in which one third 
| legislature was detanuned 
roportional representation 
thirds by majority vote 
Ividual constituencies. The 
elimination of propor- 
presentatioD is proposed 
iy held responsible for 
the stagnation and cor- 
' the past The constita- 
^bate concerns strengthen- 
idency, probably on 
Fifth Republic model. 
Henc^ Italy has not emerged 
from insibility. It has carried out 
an astoiishing revolution by 
‘ means. As Mr. Ro- 
there is no other 
ory of modem de- 
a society has so 
peacefully re- 
tl class. Howev- 
a start. 

provided by Mr. 
nis allies is only 
ey do not bring a 
provide the begin- . 
the beginning, of 
' be a complex 
longed national 
'on. 


purely 
mm o 
case in th 
mocracies 
drama 
newed its 
er, that 
The 

Berlusconi 
provisional, 
solution, 
ning, but 
what wiQ 
and possibly 
political - 
fntemati i 
© Las Angdt 


Id Tribune. 
Times Syndicate. 


or foreign investors. 
There ware only a few cases of 
shadowy, unidentified owners. 

Now that the formal privatiza- 
tion process is nearly complete, 
there is considerable evidence 
that the enterprises are becoming 
more efficient. More than 60 per- 
cent of the sales at these 200 
companies are to private busi- 
nesses. In the Russian state- 
owned sector, by contrast, sales 
have been almost exclusively to 
other state-owned enterprises. 

The companies have cut em- 
ployee rolls by 20 percent since 
1991 and the managers say they 
would cut 20 percent more if a 
social safety net were in place. 

About 20 percent of the enter- 
prises report contacts with for- 
eign investors to explore invest- 
ments, joint ventures and other 
projects. More than half have al- 
ready changed their product lines 
to reflect the products that con- 
sumers really want to buy. 

And major outside sharehold- 
ers — Russian companies and 
investment funds, and some for- 
eign investors — have begun to 
demand fundamental change, 
even seizing control. At the Vla- 
dimir Tractor Factory, near 
Moscow, a Russian businessman 
with a Harvard business degree 
unseated the plant’s chief execu- 
tive with the help of a New York 
investment group that owned 
one-sixth of the stock. 

In many cases, these foreign 
investors bring access to new 
markets, new technology and 
new capital. The government has 
set op a Russian Privatization 
Center to provide technical as- 
sistance and financing for the 
promising enterprises. 

And tire R ussian equivalent of 
the Securities and Exchange 
Co mmissi on has moved to im- 
prove disclosure of information 
to investors and ensure greater 
representation on corporate 
boards for minority shareholders, 
because many privatized compa- 
nies plan to sell new shares to 
public investors very soon. 

On the negative side, compa- 
nies are starved for capital and 
are operating at significantly re- 
duced levels, unable to find buy- 
ers for their products. Some se- 
nior managers still need to learn 
how to negotiate with investors. 

There is great need for better 
accounting systems so that man- 
agers can figure out which of 
tneir products make money and 
which don’t. One engine manu- 
facturer in southern Russia, with 
5,000 employees, makes more 
than 100 types and sizes of en- 
gines, without having the ac- 
counting tools to pin down costs 
and profits, model by model. 

Finally, the managers them- 
selves can be a problem. The 
beards at most of the 200 enter- 
prises we studied are made up 
entirely of senior managers, so 
outside shareholders have little 
chance to advise or discipline top 
management And many senior 
managers argue that they should 
own more of the stock in their 
companies while employee own- 
ership should be reduced. 

Certainly, employee equity 
seems likely to decline, particu- 
larly at the less successful compa- . 
nies, because they are planning to 
sell new shares to the public or 
investors rather than the workers. 

But the fact is that Russian 
enterprises have never had work- 
er controL Fewer than 5 percent 
of the companies we visited had 
any rank-and-file employee rep- 
resentation on company boards: 
trade union power has largely 
vanished. If anyone has too much 
power in these companies, it will 
be the managers, not the workers. 

But this problem is hardly 
unique to Russia. And, like the 
otho' problems with economic 
privatization, it will not be 
salved overnight. The point is 
that Russia has made a far more 
promising start than its critics, 
seem willing to admit. 

77re writer, professor at the 
School of Management and Labor 
Relations at Rutgers University, 
advises the Russian government on 
privatization. He contributed this 
comment to The New York Times. ■ 


Letters intended for publication 
■riradi/j!* addressed “ Letters to the 
Editor and contain the writer's 
signature, name and full address. 
Letters should be brief and are 
subject to editing We cannot be 
responsible for the return of unso- 
licited manuscripts. 


IN OUR PiGESi 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 
1894: CorealAppeal 


NEW YORK — 
despatch from 
state of affairs 
unsettled, even to 
pointing to a 
China and Japan." 
have addressed an 
to Secretaiy G; 
such action as will 
anese troops to t 
the country. He, 
not apparently view 
from ute same point 
plied that the United Si 
presume to interfere 
extent of tendering 

1919: Poland's. 

PARIS — Conjointly 
Treaty with Germany i 
signed at Versailles a Tr 
tween the Principal _ 
Associated Powers and 
The instrument constitut 


rding to a 
ton the 
is very 
event of 
between 
Coreans 
i appeal 
to take 
the Jap- 
iw from 
does 
ition 
has re- 
cannot 
to die 
ition. 


way, the Statute of Recognition • 
of the new State. It binds the 
Polish government to conform ■ 
with certain principles in the gov- 
ernment of the new territories . 
and, notably, to guarantee reli- ■ 
gious liberty and fair treatment to 
the non-Polish inhabitants who 
come under the rule of Poland. 

1944: Toll o£Foe 60,000 

WITH AMERICAN FORCES 
IN FRANCE — [From our New 
York edition:] American troops 
in France have accounted for 
about 60,000 German soldiers in 
twenty-five days of fighting, or an 
average of a bout 2,400 a day since 
the June 6 attack cm the Norman- 
dy beaches. These figures, which 
r epres ent, the equivalent of six 
Osman divisions, include pris- 
oners taken by the Americans, 
German dead buried by them and 1 
an estimate of enemy wounded, 
pins dead buried.by the Germans. 










IN TERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, JULY 1- 1994 

OPINION 


P’ajse 5 


^ome Things to Look For 

While the Pnnilit^fi Aivav 


By William S afire. 

^ ^ l ^ ose publicans as Captive of Christian 

principled disagSSeJJ, J'“ ? £ S ™ Rish, ’ s Lmaic Frin * e - Tfac D™ 0 " 
erything that appears in this space. 

SL“ ■ s . el ° f k "« jerk for' JuTy 

0 cope with events to come while 

1 am on vacation. 

^ Leon Panacea Presents the 
Z™' P^omzed, Pragmatic. Non- 
1 enettc, Clinton White House. Do 
not be suckered: Although this an- 

n ^ a i summer shuff le will be her- 
atdea as the mosL fundamental 
shift in governance since the im- 
portation of Superpragraatist Da- 

Leon Panacea will present 
the new, organised, 
pragmatic White House, 

Do not he suckered. 


crane campaign chairman, Vic Fa- 
zio, will step up the effort to scare 
Jews out of the Republican Party by 
bashing the evangelical right. The 
Republicans should point to Mr. 
Fazio’s refusal, for fear of offending 
the-Demo black caucus, to join the 
House vote condemning Khalid 
A'bdnl Muhammad's bigoted 
“bloodsucker” speech. Beware of 


vid Gergen last summer, the sense 
of shake-up will last only until 
Leon attempts to wrest power From 
the real chief of staff. 

Mack McLarty, who went to kin- 
dergarten with Bill Clinton, is taking 
their old sandbox into the Oval Of- 
fice's bunker of broken dreams. 
Meanwhile, over at State: 

-■ Vorpal Blade Goes Snicker- 
Snack. The new Foggy Bottom tri- 
umvirate of Talbott, Holbrooke and 
Gergen will praise Warren Christo- 
pher and Tony Lake with such vehe- 
mence that the cynical media will 
assume a coup is in the making. 
Ignore such hall-of-mirror analysis; 
Chris and Tony are as solidly en- 
sconced as Mack was. 

3. Whitewater Hearings Begin in 
the House Banking Committee on 
July 26. If Chairman Henry Gonza- 
lez, protective Democrat, bangs his 
gavel on Republican prober Jim 
Leach's head, denounce the congres- 
sional cover-up. If a judicial panel 
rubber-stamps the appointment of 
anti-oversight Robert Fiske as inde- 
pendent counsel, castigate the pusil- 
lanimous Court of Appeals. 

4. Clinton Lays Down Freedom's 
Marker in the Baltics. The president 
will speak at Riga, Latvia's Freedom 
Monument, next week, at the spot 
where the Soviet Union began to 
come apart. His lofty theme will be 
the new nature of posl-Cokl War 
courage. If he makes clear that East- 
ern European nations are on their 
way to full NATO membership, hail 
a historic address; if he fudges to 
avoid offending Boris Yeltsin, de- 
ride his straddle and decry his 
missed opportunity. 

5. Democrats Th’ to Portray Pe- 


as libertarians while pumping up a 
“radical" villain. 

6. Wars Ain’t Over Till They're 
Over. The West will lean on Mus- 
lims and Croats to legitimize Serbi- 
an conquest of half of Bosnia, and 
will denounce aggression's victims 
when they don’t The fairest deal 
will be struck when forces are equal 
arid tired; get UN out arms to 
Muslims in, 

7. Double Helix Solves Double 
Murder . If DNA's “superfinger- 
prints" put OJF. Simpson at the 
scene of the crime, defense coun- 
sel’s strategy could shift to attack 
on ex-wife as maddening slut Stop 
treating this merely as a true-life 
whodunit but focus on the need 
not only to find the perpetrator but 
to avenge the victims. Exhort vast 
audience to root for justice, not for 
the dramatic protagonist or to mar- 
vel at competing counsel. 

8. Yen for a Penny. If the dollar 
drifts down another 5 percent or so, 
yawn; but if, after the G-7 meeting 
in Naples, the dollar keeps slipping 
without a bottom in sight, inflation 
and higher interest rates are a-co- 
min' and it would be prudent to 
indulge in a bit of panic. 

9. Apostles of Haiti July is a cus- 
tomary month for hitting the beach. 
If Mr. Clinton wants to look strong 
to his liberal constituency, he will 
send the Marines into Haiti; if he 
wants to look smart as well as tough 
to conservatives, he will send in a 
force led by secretly trained Hai- 
tians. Cautiously salute the f earner; 
throw hats in the air at the latter; 
hoot at continued water-treading. 

10. Beltway Wisdom Confounded on 
Health Insurance. On the Senate 
floor. Bob Dole's “four no’s" wiD 
prevail: no price controls, no man- 
dates. no triggers, no taxes. Instead, 
we’ll see more coverage despite pre- 
existing conditions, which “cannot be 
taken away,” with insurance subsi- 
des for the poor. Credit Mr. Clinton 
for starting it, Mr. Dole for stopping 
it at the right point, and — on July 4 
— the glorious American system for 
lurching forward sensibly. 

The -Vw York Times. 



For Your Summer’s Sake, 
Help Feed These Authors 


Bv Ellen Goodman 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


New Frontiers for Physics After the Particle Wake A Push-Pull for Peace 


Regarding “ A Requiem for Phys- 
ics in America" (Meanwhile, June 
16) by Dick Teresi: 

To be sure, physicists mourn the 
passing of a great era in particle 
physics. For a long time particle 
physicists have been the standard- 
bearers for physics. Dreams of an all- 
encompassing theory have vividly 
captured the public's imagination, 
not only inspiring lavish funding but 
also attracting many generations of 
budding scientists to commit their 
lives to these noble quests. 

Yet the demise of the supercol- 
lider project is not an end for phys- 
ics m America. Physics is not the 
exclusive domain of big science, and 
furthermore the challenging fron- 
tiers of this field are not exclusively 
those of the very small, or very large. 

History speaks agains t the idea that 
epoch-making discoveries generally 
come from grandiose projects. Some 
of the greatest transformations in 19th 
and 20lh century physics have resulted 
from the simplest bench-top experi- 
ments. In the United States. Mimltin 
discovered the quantization of charge 
in electrons using a simple oil drop 
experiment; Michelson and Morley 
proved the absence of the “ether" us- 
ing simple optics; Schockley. Bardeen 
and Bratlam developed the transistor 
using simple electrical measurements. 

Moreover, there are some very new 
frontiers. A great lesson of 20th cen- 
tury physics has been the discovery 
that many mysteries of the natural 
world cannot’ be understood bv an 


exclusively reductionist approach: 
the “Cartesian approach" that leads 
us to build ever larger accelerators. 
Microscopic laws that govern phys- 
ics produce unexpectedly beautiful 
“emergent properties” when large 
numbers of panicles interact collec- 
tively. The unders tanding of emer- 
gent properties requires new princi- 

K les, new language and new concepts. ’ 
iagnetism, superfluidity, supercon- 
ductivity and the development of 
semiconductor properties of crystals 
are among the simplest manifesta- 
tions of such emergent physics. 

New developments, such as the 
discovery of high temperature super- 
conductivity in ceramic oxides, sug- 
gest that we have hardly begin to 
probe the potential for fundamental- 
ly new types of physics in macroscop- 
ic media. With a little imagination, 
we may perhaps appreciate that be- 
tween the mundane properties of 
simple elements and the intricately 
complex properties of life, there is 
a spectrum of fundamentally new 
classes of phvsical phenomena to be 
discovered the measure of the vitali- 
ty of a science is the presence of 
dreams and vistas. These are alive 
and well in physics, and with a wake, 
rather than a requiem for particle 
physics, we may admire past achieve- 
ments but also move on to embrace 
challenges that lie ahead 

PIERS COLEMAN. 
Serin Physics Lab. 
Rutgers University. 
Piscaiawav, New Jersey. 


Regarding "Consider This: A 
Broader Coalition to Pacify ■ the Bal- 
kans” (Opinion. May 31) by Mihajlo 
Mihajlov and Max Singer: 

There is nothing wrong with hav- 
ing independent states in the re- 
gion, as long as they are able to 
defend themselves from the poten- 
tial aggression of neighboring 
states and are closely dependent on 
such stales economically — and 
therefore vulnerable to pressure 
from their neighbors in regard to 
the treatment of minority popula- 
tions. which includes making avail- 
able such options as dual citizen- 
ship. 

In some cases, as with the current 
Bosnian-Croatian accord, this may 
mean joint military defenses 
against a stronger third party to 
ensure security from aggression. 

In the future, it must certainly 
mean a central government in Bos- 
nia- Herzegovina that is capable of 
defending itself. 

On the other hand, proximity 
alone will go a long way toward 
encouraging economic interdepen- 
dence throughout the region funder 
non belligerent conditions and in 
the absence of sanctions). 

Only such a push-pull, assertive- 
cooperative arrangement will bring 
peace to the Balkans in the foresee- 
able future. Fostering such an ar- 
rangement should be the backbone 
of a responsible Balkan policy. 

RUSSEL S. VALENTINO. 

Iowa Citv. Iowa. 


iOSTON — It’s summertime and 
the living is not easy for the book 
world. On the movie screen. Jack 
Nicholson is transformed from a civi- 
lized editor to a werewolf just to fight 
jff the sharks in the business. 

In real life, the gap between rich 
and poor writers is now greater than 
between CEOs and drones. The New 
Yorker just chronicled the plight of 
James Wilcox, whose six novels have 
produced rave reviews, small sales. 

MEANWHILE 

and shrinking advances. When visit- 
ed recently. Mr. Wilcox “had just 
finished the last of three meals he'd 
extracted from eighteen pieces of 
chicken he bought at Key Food for 
three dollars and forty cents/' 

Meanwhile '“The Bridges of Madi- 
son County" has been on the fiction 
best-seller list for 98 weeks. The non- 
fiction list has Richard Nixon. H. R. 
Hal deman, Dan Quayle, William 
Bennett, and two books on near- 
death experiences. Against this dire 
background, it is lime to offer up my 
annual, entirely quirky list of best, 
modest, and nonsellers. These are 
books that have nothing in common 
except their reader's pleasure. 

Let me begin the list back at the 
wolf pacL Alice Hoffman’s latest 
fantasy. “Second Nature," is based 
on the" boy- raised-as- wolf fable. But 
we’re not talking werewolf here. Al- 
ice Hoffman's novels require leaps 
of faith but this one is wonderfully 
grounded in the relationships of a 
woman and the men — son. father, 
ex-husband, lover — around her. 

The feral creature in Margaret 
Atwood’s high-energy novel “The 
Robber Bride." is a two-footed one 
named Zertia. She is the malevolent 
force who insinuates herself into the 
lives of a war historian, a New Age 
dreamer and a businesswoman. After 
she has stolen their confidence and 
their men. these women finally and 
deliciously wake up and seek revenge. 

The “Sleeping Beauties." in Su- 
sanna Moore's novel are not under 
any hex. They are emotionally doz- 
ing in the shade of their lush Hawai- 
ian pasL The novel's Prince Charm- 
ing. however, turns out to be a 
Hollywood Mr. Wrong. 

Tlie harsh Newfoundland coast is 
the star of “The Shipping News.” 
This is a humane and comedic story 
of a loser named Quoyle. It is so filled 
with quirky speech and oddball char- 
acters that it is a wonder author E 
Annie Proulx has escaped the fate of 
James Wilcox. Buy this book or she 
may yet be sharing his chicken. 

•'The Unredeemed Captive" is 


storytelling of another son — history 
as it should be. John Demos has 
written a moving, speculative narra- 
tive about a Puritan girl prison- 
er during an Indian raid. V. hen she 
refuses to be “repatriated." it is as 
challenging to her family jn<j culture 
as if an American hostage in Iran had 
refused liberation. 

This is a prime lime for people 
telling their own tale;. we have a 
bumper crop of memoirs. You 
don’t have to be Irish, or a journal- 
ist, or even male to savor f ele Ha- 
mill's "A Drinking Life." Mr. Ha- 
mill is best describing the working- 
class childhood when he learned 
that “drinking was part of being a 
man. . . . Drinking was the reward 
for work, the fuel of celebrations, 
the consolation for death or de- 
feat." Hard lessons to unlearn. 

Madeleine Kunin's memoir. “Liv- 
ing a Political Life," is more inti- 
mate and brave than the usual polit- 
ical fare. The first woman governor 
of Vermont writes about family, 
feminism, crying and legislating at 
a time when, “the female politician i.> 
unexpected; her presence provokes a 
brief digression during which the 
public wanders off into internal rnus- 
ings about how this woman is like a 
man and yet not like a man." 

I think I was the last in my crowd 
to read Maya Angelou's memoir, “1 
Know Why The Caged Bird Sings." 
Raped at 8. an unwed mother in her 
teens, the young black girl in this 
book still grew up to be, well, Maya 
Angelou. In a year when poverty- 
bashing and single-mother shaming 
is popular, she's good for the soul. 

So, for that matter, are the Delany 
sisters, stars of “Having Our Say," 
who offer up 200 years of collective 
wisdom. A dentist and a teacher by 
trade, these pioneers of the black 
middle class “loved our country, even 
though it didn't love us." Old age is 
not for sissies; the Delanys survive. 

What do you call “Peripheral Vi- 
sions"? Mary Catherine Bateson 
doesn't color within the lines of any 
established literary form. But in 
this memoir/ essay/ reflection on 
the richness and complexity of liv- 
ing in a multicuhured world, she 
explains why the best focus re- 
quires the widest lens. 

Finally, the lens that Sherwin Nu- 
land holds up to death in “How We 
Die" is nothing if not ciear-eyed. 
“We hide our faces from its face." he 
writes of death, “but we still spread 
our fingers just a bit. because there 
is something in us that cannot resist 
a peek." He makes us take a long, 
hard, honest look. 

Boston Globe. 


• .ji i 


SEVEN DAYS THAT CHANGED THE WORLD 


- Hrrattt coffer iTribiittc ‘S-S' | 

Kuva tall- li> Mlii*. Illy llanapni in llart j 
U> Vi/i- V h» Hit Vlrth 1 mlrr Air BWrr-c 
\ iriupkimilbi icU In Varfi loliinai 



Herald Jritnrac CS 1 , 

Im 3 >m«i SurwwiL* in initial Steps 
XJIk— l’u>h Inland From Beaches; 
Lowt-. Small in Channel Crosring 


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5-11 JUNE 
19 4 4 

To commemorate these 
dramatic days, we have 
reproduced the seven front 
pages from the New York 
Herald Tribune which 
chronicled the events of 
D-Day and the first week 
of the rebirth of liberty on 
the European continent 

You can purchase a set of 
these full-size reproduc- 
tions and follow the 
excitement* successes 
and setbacks as the troops 
established beachheads 
across a 75-mile stretch of 
the Normandy coast. 

Printed on glossy paper, 
these reprints, which 
measure 46 x 61 ems 
{18.5 x 24 in.) each, can 
be framed or used as 
posters. Please use the 
coupon below to order. 


KcralDcii£&>irribuar UJ|i 
lnvuri4in < hi.AJ lie* Luid in France 
As* Plane* uml Ship Bla*l Cua«t; 
Monlciimrn Lrait the \dvnnrc 

‘ ■ -jbwse 



■Hrr.iIbZjisL Tribune ‘AS? 
AWir- Take Kir*! Town in Kramr. 
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jUVERTlSlNG SECTION 




Wall Streeters 5 
Bonuses Give 
Market a Boost 


lie arrival ol 
-prini; has 


hnjushi renewed 

New York economy is well 
inio a full recovery, includ- 
ing some Mimng in ihe reul- 
csiaic nurkci. 

Key i.'Justries. especially 
finance and ihe media, and 
even nunukiciuring. which 
was once given up for dead 
in New York, have made 
strong gains, in the luxury- 
rcal-e-'aie market, prices are 
bcina inllaied by young 
Wall* Streeters spending 
their bonuses on luxury 
apartments, sometimes in ar- 
eas once considered off-lim- 
iLs to upscale properties. 

Andrew Sj under*, presi- 
dent of Brett Wyckoff Potter 
Hamilton. Inc., which man- 
ages residential coops and 

condos on the "Gold Coast" 
(Central Park West east to 
Lexington Avenue, includ- 
ing Park and Fifth avenues, 
sdjh iu ^bth streets), notes 
that in his buildings, several 
recent multimillion-dollar 
transactions have been all- 
cash. at the asking price. 

.loan Ambrose, who heads 
Ambrosc-MarElia. cites 
several factors adding to the 
real-estate resurgence, be- 
ginning vvith pent-up de- 
mand. “How long can you 
wait.’” she asks rhetorically. 
As for interest rates: 'They 
may he easing up. but they 
arc still very low by histori- 
cal standards.” she says. 
(They are now hovering 
around 8.7 percent. \ 

Kathy Korte, the Manhat- 
tan brokerage manager for 
Sotheby’s International Re- 
alty. has seen an influx of 
Californians after the earth- 
quakes and other recent 
calamities. 'There’s not as 
much concern about interest 
rates on the luxury end.” she 
notes. "People are jumping 


New York City 


East70’s 



SrecmcuLAR 
Triplex Penthouse 


2.400 ft. airiuieos dream. Staffing giro walk. 
Sxntem divseape tins. 2-5 bedrooms, 3 1/2 marble 
balfewiih bcuZri, forma] dining non with fireplace. 
5»' IrinR mom »itfi private terrace and roof deck 
hsmi New, luxury full serrio; aandop. Frwgn and 
cwpoale bu)*rs'»daime. Health dub included, 
■d; onh STS.ffln. , No b ard apprwaf. 

Carolyn Fiend) 212-836-1075 


the Corcoran Group 


iho Madison Ave., New York, NY 10022 


;v 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1994 


advertisingsection 




.'A 


Deal Estate 


- — • /;i <s •. K 


because of the shortage of 
inventory of high-end prod- 
uct." 

Mark Darrel, a sales agent 
for Douglas Elliman. points 
to the “Village Gold Coast.” 
which he defines as extend- 
ing from Washington 
Square up Fifth Avenue to 
13th Street. "I have been 
selling to tons of Wall 
Streeters who are hot to 
spend their '93 bonuses be- 
fore interest rates go up 
higher and before the market 
goes out of their reach.” Mr. 
Darrel says. "I even had a 
deal where the seller got full 
price. That happened a 
month ago and is starting to 
happen more. Prime real es- 
tate getting close to asking 
price is not as uncommon as 
ii used to be." 

Mr. Darrel has seen inter- 
est soar in Chelsea, a once- 
seedy neighborhood border- 
ing Midtown South that has 
rebounded in the last few 
years. In this eclectic area, a 
typical block mixes elegant 
single-family town houses 
dating from the 1850s with 
Art Deco apartment build- 
ings and tenements. 
Chelsea's arrival as a pre- 
mier location has been her- 
alded by some of the highest 
prices for one- and two-bed- 
room apartments outside the 
Gold Coast. 

Another up-and-coming 
neighborhood is Lower 
Manhattan. After the boom 
’80s. development stagnated 
there during the recession. 
But today momentum has 
picked up as film production 
houses, high-tech compa- 
nies, and restaurants and 
nightclubs have relocated to 
Tribe, an old manufacturing 
area just north of Wall Street 
that offers converted live-in 
lofts and quiet streets. 

Across town, the Police 
Building, the ancient palatial 


mm mm 








: , . > .'■ ,.<V 

■ t.* •>*»' '.: V 







Cloak-and-Dagger 

Moves in London’s 
Prime Properties 



f ‘V v ■ 



n April 1. 1994. 

IN® * a new * avV canie 

IWl into effect in 
I m bMI Britain making it 
a criminal offense for any- 
one giving investment ad- 
vice not to report suspicions 
that the funds they are han- 
dling may have been ob- 
tained through criminal ac- 
tivities. The maximum sen- 
tence is 14 years imprison- 



ment. What will the impact 
be on the luxury end of Lon- 


be on the luxury end of Lon- 
don's property market, 
where 9 per cent of buyers 
are from overseas, sharply 
up from 3 percent in 1992? 

On the face of it, this 
clara pdown could be seen as 
hurting business. The 
amount of dubious money 
involved is thought to be 
over £2 billion ($1.3 billion) 


a year, with much of it going 
into orooertv. So what will 




' V v* L *v.- % . . -i L* .At**' ♦ w 


former New York City Po 
lice headquarters, was dcvel 
oped in the 1980s. Prices 
and interest in the unusual 
structure, which borders 
Chinatown and Little Italy, 
have been rising along w ith 
downtown's fortunes. 


Ms. Ambrose sees the c\ 
pansion into new neighbor- 
hoods as an inevitable by- 
product of rising prices in 
established areas: “When the 
market was very high, there 
was a lot of expansion, as al 
ways happens." she says 
going on to cite the Last Vil 
Fage. settled after Greenwich 
Village became chic (in the 


early I970s.t: Triheca. which 
became popular after Soho 
became expensive tlate 
1970s): and ihe Upper West 
Side above 96 ih Street, gen- 
trified when the West Side 
became popular with young 
families (the early I9S0 m. 

As Ms. Ambrose points 
out a combination of lack of 
money and need for largi 
spaces puLs artists in the van 
guard of sentrificaiion. To- 
day. artists' colonies are 
sprouting up iu such unlike- 
ly places as Williamsburg 
and Red Hook tholh in 
Brooklyn). Long Island. 
City. Queens. Jersey City 


and Newark. New Jersey. 

Overseas buyers from Ko- 
rea. China. Taiwan and 
Hong Kong constitute a ma 
jor investment group inter 
ested in marginal areas. 

Ms. Ambrose sees world 
wide inllationary concerns 
over national debts as an ad- 
ditional factor in the over- 
seas investment interest in 
the high end of the market. 

“The Chinese have re- 
placed the Japanese.” Ms. 
Corcoran notes. The Chi 
nese are interested in bulk 
purchases. Ms. Corcoran re- 
cently completed the sale of 
a S 30-million block of apart 


ments for investment only. 

An even more dramatic 
example of Far Eastern in- 
terest in New York real es- 
tate is the reported involve 
ment of Potylinks Interna 
tional Lid., a Hong Kong in 
vestment consortium, in 
Donald Trump's Riverside 
South, the largest residential 


project in the city since Bat 
lery Park City 20 years ago. 


The Hong Kong investors, 
who would take over financ 
ing Ihe controversial $3 bil 
lion project, are reportedly 
attracted by the marketabili- 
ty of the Trump name. 

Steve Weinstein 


into property. So what will 
happen if strange-looking 
gentlemen bearing bulging 
briefcases can no longer 
take over the anonymous 
ownership of desirable resi- 
dences in exchange for large 
wads of used bank notes? 

Surprisingly, the answer 
could well be good news for 
legitimate buyers, both local 
and foreign. The disappear- 
ance of a large amount of 
money from any market can 
only lead to downward pres- 
sure on prices, so purchasers 
are almost certain to benefit 
in that regard. 

The new regulations 
could, for a start, restrain the 
spate of cash sales of houses 
in the £500,000 to £2 mil- 
lion pound range to the kind 
of newly wealthy Russian 
entrepreneurs who have 
spent a massive £70 million 
in London in the past few 
months. Two legitimate. 
Russian businessmen have 


moved jnlo London’s most 
ostentatious address. The 


stead, where multi million- 
pound properties are also 
owned by the Sultan of 
Brunei and members or the 
Saudi royal family. But 
Scotland Yard is on the trail 
of seven other Russians sus- 
pected of being gang lead- 
ers. who have shown a 
strong interest in London s 
best accommodations. 

Beyond the cloak-and- 
dagger. however, lies a hard 
fact whatever the source of 
the payment, London re- 
mains very much in tavor 
with buyers. This is readily 
confirmed by all the leading 
agents, who have also wit- 
nessed price rises for luxury 
property while the rest of the 
British market continues to 
languish in the doldrums. 

Aylesfords. for instance, 
reports, “We are finding a 
strong demand for all houses 
in prime London locations. 
In the last four months, 
prices have firmed up and 
vendors are once again 
achieving close to asking 
prices." 

The Lassmans agency re- 
ports that “Central London 
prices have increased by 15 
percent to 20 percent since 
this time last year, depend- 
ing on the area and the con- 
dition of the property. The 
betterproperties have shown 
greater growth." 

The Savills agency is see- 
ing a rise of 15.7 percent in 
prices for prime London 
property since December 
1992, including a 5 percent 
rise in the first three months 
of 1994. This leaves the 
market still below the 1989 
peak, but it is back to 1987 
levels. Best performers were 
Mayfair (up 25 percent) and 
Kensington (up 20 percent). 

A close look at Savills re- 


Bishops Avenue in Hamp- Continued on page 8 




!M KRN \ IION M. 



FOR EXPERT ADVICE ON PROPERTY 
RENTALS PLEASE CALL 
VICKY PALAU 


139 Sioanc Street 
London SWIX 9AY 
Tel: 071 750 0822 
Fax: 071 823 6564 


IN I I.RN \ I ION \f. I'ROPJ K IY f (f \s( J I \M s 



COUNTRY 

RETREAT 


Charming 19th century estate 
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Located 20 minutes from Geneva and its international airport. 
Widespread views of Lake Geneva and the Alps. 

Terrain of 45.000 m : bordered by high trees from the 
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- 1,400 ha reserved for agricultural use with 2 farms, workers' 
lodging (32 apartments), a grain silo and irrigation system 
inducting pumps and reservoir. 


Contact 
in Paris: 


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(1) 43.87.70.52 ■§ 




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t takes a heap o’ 
livin’, in a bouse 
t* make jt 
home," said an 
Amencan writer,' E.A. 
Gu e«t, and it takes a heap, of 
poney to make your home. 
IP a luxury property in 
France. 

A depressed market 
notwithstanding, high-quali- 
ty rsal estate in France is a 
“bargain" only in relative 
terms. 

“Please don't write that 
there are bargains to be had 
in Paris,” pleads Dominique 
Brizard of the John Taylor 
agency in Paris. “Then we 
find so many foreigners 
coming who expect to buy 
something cheap, and a 
high-quality property just 
does not come cheap.” 

If a property is realistical- 
ly priced, however, there is 
no lack of qualified buyers, 
according to a number of 
agents specializing in the 
luxury end of the market 
(defined as properties start- 
ing at 10 million francs, or 
$1 .75 million). 

It did not take long, for ex- 
ample, to sell a 2-hectare 
oceanfront estate in a prime 
section of Cap d’ Antibes for 
90 million francs. Monika 
Barco of John Taylor in 

Boar-hunting 

lodge 

included 


Cannes says that was a rea- 
sonable price tag for the 
property, with its . 700- 
square-meter house, sauna, 
jacuzzi. rockscaped pool and 
private harbor, all in impec- 
cable condition. ' 

In contrast, a beautiful but 
“overpriced" residence cm 
Cap Ferrat languished for 
two years on the market and 
recently sold for less than 
half its original asking price 
of 60 million francs. As 
Dondle Higby of Sotheby’s 
in Paris explains, "There 


PARIS 16TH . 

Villa Montmorency 

prioatestreel 

Beautiful 530 sqm. House 
On 2 Iwds wBhprage md beano*. 
Completely hong soriv 
Small garden. 

FF IS^OVOOO XNegoHdUA. 
TeL: Paris (I) 4268 48 12 


Avlesford 


CATHCART ROAD 

SW10 

A charming low bulk double 
fronted house with wonderful 
views over the gardens of Red- 
diffe Rd and Seymour Wfc the 
house benefits from an integral 
one bedroom flat, pretty garden 
and a separate garage. - 

ENT HALL WITH STUDT AREA 
REC ROOM WITH DIM AREA 
KIT/&REAK: 4 BEDS. 2 BATHS; 
LOFT- GDN FLAT - SIT RM. 

I BED KIT- 1 BATH. 


isn’t aglut on the market for 
true luxury, but the price, bas- 
; to be right.” She warns her: 
clients that, the first offer 
they receive may prove to be 
the best, and if they do not 
accept it^they may, wind up 
regretting it later on. 

In Paris, apartments in die 
most sought-after areas, 
such, as the seventh and 
eighth orrondissements, to 1 
day cost about 50.000 fiancs 
asquare meter and more for, 
fine properties in move-in 
condition. “We- have some- 
- thing on Avenue Foch for 
.34,000. francs a square roe 
terr says Mrs Higby, “but it 
needs to be completely re- 
done; and you have to figure 
10,000- to 15,000 francs a 
square meter for remodel- 
ing ” For a newly renovated 
200-square-meter apartment 
in the 16th arrondissement, 
complete with marble bath- 
rooms, a library, three bed- 
rooms, balconies and south- 
ern exposure, the asking 
price through John Taylor is 
8.3 million francs. 

Who aretoe customers for 
these lavish dwellings? Al- 
though they are always the 
“seriously rich,” Parisian 
buyers are different from 
those on the COte d'Azur.. 
Paris is more of an in- 
vestors’ market, more 
volatile and somewhat more 
speculative because many 
buyers have business rea- 
sons for looking for a resi- 
dence, whether primary or 
secondary. ... 

Mrs. Higby finds that the 
majority of foreigners who 
want a pied-S-tene in Paris 
expect a big pied — often 500. 
square meters or more. She 
fin ds many French among 
current buyers, with some 
Arabs, Italians and Swiss, 
and afew Americans. There 
is increasing interest in 
rentals, even though for 
comparable opulence, they 
may run at . '70,000- 
100,000 francs per month. 

• Incan trast, onthe Riviera, 
"you have mainly secondary 
residences because people 


want to buy there - for the 
weather and the lifestyle,” 
says Mary Fort manager of 
the expatriate section of toe 
Woolrich Society in Paris. 
Except for Monaco, the 
rental market on the Cote 
d’Azur is nonexistent 
“If you come here, it's be- 
cause you love it and you 
want to buy,” insists Terry 
Bourke, a partner in Hugo 
Skillington Imraobilier, 

» could stay in hotels 
the cost of a luxury 

rental.” 

Ms. Barco of John Taylor 
notes that Germans have 
constituted 70 percent of her 
buyers for Riviera properties 
in the last 18 months. 

“They have the money, 
and they are worried about 
what is happening in Ger- 
many at the moment” she 
says. "And they love the 
sun.” . 

In Monaco, Germans are 
the third most active nation- 
ality in the market after the 
French and Italians. 


Mr. Bourke believes there 


is reason for optimism about 
real estate on the Riviera. He 
has not had so many in- 
quiries since 1990. “The bi; 
money has been on deposit 
he says, “and now it is being 
taken out to spend on what it 
should be spent on - luxury 
and fun in the sun.” In the 
last several months, his 
agency has moved two 
sumptuous estates at close to 
their asking prices of 1 8 mil- 
lion francs and 15 million 
francs. 

Ms. Barco says the reason 
more properties are on the 
market these days is not be- 
cause the market has col 
lapsed, but because some in 
divi duals have personal eco- 
nomic problems and are sell- 
ing. “Still, all the agents I 
know have trouble finding 
enough houses with the right 
quality at the right price.” 
she says. “The expectations 
of many sellers are still too 
high, out of line with the 
market” 


When price and quality 
are in alignment, properties 
can move quickly, even to- 
day. That is toe expectation 
for two estates on Skilling 
ton's current roster - identi 
colly priced, but different in 
appeal. One is characterized 
by Mr. Bourke as “Holly 
wood-glitzy,” with a 400 
square-meter main home on 
five hectares, a pool with 
waterfall and two staff cot- 
tages. plus the requisite 
ocean view. 

The other boasts olive 
trees, landscaped gardens, a 
floodlit tennis court, pool, 
three staff and guesr cot- 
tages. and a hunting lodge 
for the wild boar to be found 
on the 70-hectare property 
Mr. Bourke describes its fu- 
ture owner as someone who 
wants to be “in touch with 
the natural beauty of the 
Cote d'Azur." 

It takes only 17 million 
francs to make one of these 
houses your home. 

Claudia B. FKsi 


, , • •• 

'"*• .V 

" r 


Luxury fn France is available in a timbered apartment on Paris’s Ue Saint-Louis orin the 
sunshine of the Domains de la Sarrazine, near St Tropez. 


This advertising section was produced in its entirety by toe supplements division of the I 
national Herald Tribune’s advertising department. • Contributions by writers specialize 
real-estate matters are from Mira Bar-Hillel in London. Sieve Weinstein in New > 
Claudia B. Flisi in Monaco, Janet Purdy Levaux in Osaka and Julia Gerk in Singapore. 


Freehold 


£855,000 


FLOOD STREET— — 

CHELSEA SW3 

Awarded Prince Charles prize 
lor architecture, substantial 
fTTctfem lamily house dose to 
the Kings Road with garden ana 
garage 

DRAW RM DIN RM: FAM RM 
STUDV. 6 BEDS: 3 BATHS- 
SHWR KITyBREAK.- OSP. GDN 

Freehold £1.150,000 

CHELSEA SQUAB 

SW3 

Large I uw built family house in 

sough: alter location *»»- 

manual communal garden and 
f.arwtc 

c»jt HALL DRAW RM. SIT RM 
CiN RM STUDV. KITiBSEASC: 6 
BEDS 4 BATHS GAS PAT CON. 

Leasehold £2.5<B.0M 

—HYDE PARK GATE— 
KNIGHTSBRIDGE SW7 

EiccUccl lami’y house otenw- 
vdy iduicrwied. easy siting 
distance Sian Kv* /*** rtfi 
wi: contained Ta! and garden. 

ESI F, REC HAMS D»W R« 
DIN EM. KJT.'OREAK: 6 BEDS- 
S PATHS SC FIAT GDN 

Freehold £2.750.000 

WARWICK AVENUE 

MAIDA VALE W1 1 

Charming siucro honied house 
With ckr.anl drawing room and 

cij? CLKEM- CRAW RM 

PM KIT/3REAK. 4 BEDS 
? ClTWs 


3 PATHS CD? 

Freehold 


£895.000 


071 352 2383 



ii\KiKimi;rR(.j 

201-569-1100 


Please write, phone or fax 
for your free copy NOW 
Jakson-Stops & McCabe, 
51 Dawson Street, Dublin Z 

Telephone: (0103551) <5771177. 
Ftoc: (0103531) <5713156 


INTERMEDIA 

INTERNATIONAL AGENCY 
FOR ALL REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS 

MONACO 

Large choice of villas, apartments 
& high class duplex penthouses. 


Luxury apartment, living, 2 bedrooms + baths 
in suite, large equipped kitchen, terraces, 
private heated pool. FF. 9*000.000 


TeL: (33) 93 50 66 84 - Fax.- (33) 93 50 45 52 


Aruba 


Magnificently situated residence 

The unique residence, directly bordering the beach and sea contains 
sufficient space for guests as well as an inside apartment for 
personnel (In total 3 livingrooms.7 sit-bedrooms/o 
bathrooms/lavatories, etc ). The fine verandah 1 1 3 50 x 4 50 m ) with 
a falry-like view Is situated on the first floor. An ample swimming 
pool with lawn is also at your disposal 
Construction of a golf course is nearly completed and Is dose by. 
For more a nd detailed information, 
please contact our office for our extensive brochure: 

Asking price US$2,000,000. 

Real Estate Agent de Vreede b.v. (member NVMI 
TeL: +31.70.319 2030 - Fax: +31.70.319 2035 Holland 


Av. Henri Martin 


Paris 16th 

250 sq.m. 
Exceptional views 
(South, 5th floor) 
Large receptions, 

4 bedrooms, parking, 
plus 2 studios on 6th floor. 

12.5 MF 

Inti: 353 61 82357 




We Value Your Family Values 


BANQUE WOOLWICH 


Expatriate and Non Resident Service 


French Franc Mortgages 


Call Mary Fort 
on (33) 147 42 70 89 

34 Boulevard. MaJesherbes (2* floor) 
i : . 75008 PARIS 



Dcbcnham 

Thorpe 


MAYFAIR 

Substantial period house, 
beautifully presented and 
furnished, providing flexible 
accommodation and good 

reception rooms. Ideal for 
entertaining. Available to let 
for term of 1-5 years. 
£2,950 per week. 

Residential Lettings 
071 408 27 48 


Apartment 
in Cannes 

Panoramic 
Mediterranean view, 

Bth Door, luxurious and 
exquisitely -decora led apartment 
set in e 12,000 maa park, 

2 swimming pools, Ugh security, 
24 hour conoe™ in La 
California - 3 bedrooms, 

3 bathrooms. 1 powder room, 
sea bom terrace for living/ dining 
and master bedroom, separata 
service entrance. 2 garages, 
cave. 

Please contact London: 

+44 ZX 225 0442 



available now 


COME AND UVE GENEVA-IN-FRANCE I 





INFORMATION 
(33) 50 42 88 22 


RESIDENCE 1 

CHATELAKD g 

ferney-voltaire 

Hands ome apartments - from studios to 5-room 
duplex flats - just 400 metres from the swiss border. 


bomARdidlAud 

rue-deMeyrtn - 01210 Femey-Vdltaire - France 


MAYFAIR, Wl 


•* 


\4t. 

*0 




M.. . 

p? 


-r+i- ■ 
.//• 


v V > y # ifc V '* •; 


The first newly built house in Mayfair for five years. 
Approximately 5,200 sq ft featuring a S? reception 
room, roof terrace, patio and double garage. 

3 Reception rooms, 3 bedroom suites, 
kitcherybreakfast room, gymnasium, shower room, 
utility room, garage. 

LEASE: 125 YEARS PRICE: 5I.85M 


as uahi* "Tifctx 

WETHERELL 
071-493 6935 

1BUPM5MCL L0P*jn W1V 5W 071 499 S434 



vrV. : > ir; .ft 


Tme is of.fe.e^i®e-for diose wto wish to 
make the wora'simst requested address tfejc 
.om Trump Paface stands unehaBenged as 
New York’s moaaiccessful newluxuiy 
condominium. The bu3(&^ is iatemationally 
reco^uzed as New Yorks most distinguished 
and desirable residential address. Renowned for 
its magnificent lobby, priv ate garden and an 
unequalled quality of -service, Trump Palace 
offers a select number of palatial residences with 
the most spectacular views of die City. We look 
forward to showing you Trump Palace with 
great pride and pleasure. Please call 
(212) 535-5700 for an appointment. 





Most - 

Requested 

Address. 


200 East 69th Street 

212-535-5700 

Condominiuni residences at market-sensiiiic prices. 



~SL'Jka \ 

Broker ponici|Uliiin iniitiL Sjhhwit D-miklJ. Tramp. SjIc* anj Mjrtdiu^ Aicnl: Tk- SumJiinc I Ipup, l.rj. Fxm2I2» S7W-3SW5. 
The <<n|ihr i Arai anr m » I Bkra; Pan a itiHk- Tfmb ih. r. Thi. n ii-a J n V* lro jnJii i. n.; . Sit. i in V* Jov iwish. 


KNIGHT PRANK A R UTLEY 






















INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1994 


ADVERTISING SECTION 


ADVERTISING section 


Luxury Deal Estate — 

The Eaton Hall Defeat of Modernism 


0 s owners of 
much of central 
London, the 
Grosvenors, one 
of the richest families in 
Britain, headed by the 
Dukes of Westminster, 
could always have anything 
they wanted. At the turn of 
the century, what they want- 
ed was a Victorian Gothic 
masterpiece, and they got 
the great Alfred Water- 
house, architect of London's 
Natural History Museum, to 
design it for them. It became 
Eaton Hall, in Cheshire. 

Had it survived, that 
building would now be 
prized and cherished. But in 
the 1960s. the then Duke of 
Westminster was seduced 
by what the design gurus of 
the day decreed to be “good 
taste" The Victorian cre- 
ation of Waterhouse was de- 
molished to make way for a 
fashionably stark, “honest, 
flat-roofed white box. 
which, although clad in ex- 
pensive marble, managed to 
look like bare concrete. 

The architectural profes- 
sion at the lime hailed the 
Grosvenors as great patrons. 
But the locals hated the new 
Eaton Hall as soon as it was 
completed in 1973 and soon 
dubbed it “the airport." 

It took 1 5 years - and sev- 
eral speeches by Prince 
Charles - for the family 
(now headed by a young 
Duke of Westminster) to ad- 
mit that they had never real- 
ly liked the minimalist de- 
sign and to decide to do 
something about it. They 
hired Sir Hugh Casson. one 
of Prince Charles's architec- 
tural mentors, to advise 
them on the remodeling, 
which cost as much again as 
the original building. 

The new-Iook Eaton Hall 
resembles a French chateau 
rather than an ainrort car 
park. The exterior is in two 


MELBURY ROAD 
HOLLAND PARK, | 
WI4 


A rare low built detached 
double fronted house with 
175‘ rear garden. Huge 
potential for extension 
subject to consents. 

6 BEDROOMS, 

3 BATHROOMS, 

3 RECEPTION ROOMS, 

KITCHEN/BREAKFAST 

ROOM, 

DOUBLE GARAGE, 

OF STREET PARKING. 

LEASE: 

67 YEARS (FREEHOLD 
APPLIED FOR) 

PRICE REDUCED: 

OFFRS IN EXCESS 
OF £2M 



n a? a«nu mirr 

MAT PA IB 
LOUDON n» in 
f AX 9? I «•! Bill 

071 499 3434 


- Now is the tone to buy ■ 
BEAULIEU SUB MER 

Small Villa in perfect condition 
rantraDy located in qoM area. Bat 
garden of 334 sqjn. IT 2.600,000 

EZE near MONACO 

Panoramic views from modern 


condition, pod, stoefio- FF 4,400,000. 

CAP FERRAT- 

Beantifnl DM garden of ettroa and 
pine trees witfi Villa to renovate to 
year sp eci fi c a ti on*. FF 6,000,000. 

BOVIS 

Haea CUaocen - 08310 Bwn*snor-Mer 
TeL: 93.01 .00.30 - Fax: 93.0 1.15.93 



Schloss Heroldeck 
Castle & Villa 
Austria 

Poised on a wooded slope this 
beautiful 13-acre lakefront estate 
with stunning views of the Alps 
is autobahn dose to Munich and 
Salzberg. Recently renovated. 

this majestic property features a 
6-story Castle with 30 rooms 
plus a separate 25 room Villa. 
Ideal corporate retreat, school. 
B Sl B. or dream Castle. 
Priced at S2.5M 


Fnr a brochure and video tape 
procnlalKxi contact: 

Mr. Ed Cornwell. 
18W5. Farmer Ave.. 
Santa Ana, CA. 127W U S.A. 
TeUl 14 1 97<U42: 
Fu(7|4)979-WS2 


shades of pink sandstone, don Residential to buyers 
with a mansard roof in natur- from Switzerland, Denmark, 


al slate. There is even a trib- 
ute to the late, lamented Wa- 
terhouse design in the shape 
of a restored porte cochere, 
which recreates what was an 
elegant point of entry. 

The lesson of Eaton Hall 
has not been lost on British 
estate agents. Another no- 
table country house, Hare- 
wood Park, situated on 10 
lush acres near the famous 
Ascot racecourse and boast- 
ing over 15 large rooms, was 
- like Eaton Hall - built in 
the 1960s on uncompromis- 
ingly modem lines, complete 
with the huge “picture win- 
dows" of the period. It could 
not attract buyers in 1993. 

As Ian Stewart, country 
house partner at the Savills 
real-estate agency, explains. 
“It just did not look right for 
the price.” So the vendor de- 
cided on a dramatic change 
to its appearance. He spent 
some £500.000 ($780,000) 
to make it look 200 yeare 
older than its real age, and it 
was worth every penny. A 
few months ago, the “new” 
mock-Georgian Harewood 
Park was sold by a delighted 
vendor for £2 million to a 
foreign buyer. 

It is the dominance in the 
market of the international 
investor - as many as three 
in four at the top end of the 
market - that gives an edge 
to properties with the tradi- 
tional “English’* look. Ac- 
cording to Mr. Stewart, the 
order of style preference 
among buyers is as follows: 
Elizabethan/Tudor (“Ameri- 
cans just love expoised tim- 
bers and lots of romantic 
history”), Georgian, Queen 
Anne, Regency and - in- 
creasingly — early Victorian, 
especially mock-Gothic, 
which is becoming more ap- 
preciated for its exuberance 
and variety. 

Four flats at 48-49 Cado- 
I gan Place. Chelsea, were re- 
cently sold by Cluttons Lon- 


UNK2UE MAFKOMT VILLA 

■ft poonfc ol CtiWwi fti «M dap 
a bi tan P*w ml tag »i Mj. ZB am 2 tor 
*4< raMM ft Emnsta* AmintagfarMn 
mu 1 iwe«; « MAaom vft mm low • 


Hong Kong and Russia. 
What this cosmopolitan 
bunch had in common, says 
Jonathan Seal of Cluttons, 


the more muted Queen Anne 
style, Knight Frank & Rut- 
ley can offer “style and tra- 
dition with the latest modem 
technology" in Upper 
Cheyne Row. Chelsea. In 


was that they wanted “a typ- spite of being on the list of 

CnnlioVi ** rr i T f 1 lmllv and histon- 


ically English home," 
preferably a classical stucco- 
fronted period property. 

“One of the buyers said 
they had seen ‘Upstairs 
Downstairs’ on television 
and wanted to live in a 
house just like the Bellamys 
lived in.” says Mr. Seal. 
“Another said to me: ‘I will 
only buy a classically styled 
house. If it does not look 
like a typical English home, 
why should I buy in Lon- 
donT” 

Avril Butt, of agents de 
Groot Collis, finds that a 
property’s historical back- 
ground can make ail the dif- 
ference to a rich buyer. Ap- 
pleby Castle, which was 
built in the beautiful Cum- 
bria countryside in 1170. is 
one of the properties on her 
books, and she is especially 
proud of its keep, built by 
King Henry I and little 
changed for 800 years. The 
castle itself has evolved over 
the centuries, with many 
battles fought around it and 
a major refurbishment un- 
dertaken by Lady Anne Clif- 
ford in 1653. Whoever buys 
Appleby Castle is unlikely 
ever to lack in material for 
dinner-party conversations. 

For those with a taste for 


architecturally and histori- 
cally important buildings, 
this property has a heated 
swimming pool with high- 
powered water jets. 

In general, says Mr. Stew- 
art, the historic houses of 
England are “listed," which 
means that they cannot be 
modernized, converted or 
extended without the 
strictest control by specialist 
officers from the Historic 
Buildings Commission. 
“Some people find that what 
they thought they wanted is 
not what they really want, 
because they cannot make 
changes," says Mr. StewarL 

A common problem is 
that old houses do not have a 
bathroom for each bedroom, 
which today’s buyers insist 
on. If the prospective buyers 
are prevented from remodel- 
ing the interior to create 
these extra bathrooms be- 
cause to do so would destroy 
period features, they tend to 
abandon the deal. 

By way of compromise, 
Mr. Stewart says, “upmarket 
developers are now building 
brand new homes in the tra- 
ditional styles, which com- 
bines all the advantages of 
both.” All, that is, except the 
history. M. B.-H- 



About £1£ motion can buy the right to sleep In the master bedroom of Appleby Castle, a hbboric landmark in Cumbria, England 

Moves in London’s Prime Properties 


Continued from page 6 

search reveals another factor 
that could have long-term 
effects on the market. Prime 
property sales in both 1992 
and 1993 “were largely 
needs-based rather than dis- 
cretionary,” says the head of 
research for Savills, 
Yolande Barnes. This is an 
attempt to draw a discreet 


PARK RIDGE, N J. 


22OT am 0awm !**». US. S3XL000. 

namctfinijasio. 

hUSA«6)6B7-B71HtrFttTO68?-357B 


f SflRflSOTIl/FLORlDfl^ 

Luxury wawfeort Rod Estate is seifing fa* In 
Swascfa, cntaiol opftl in Ihe Col BlMaiax 
CaB now to reserve rourphre In 
ConsuBaHon In Mundi/Gomiiiy 
and in SBaota/Ftorid* 

Htr ifcal wft i lyw r t pK tii n id pwUn itt. 

15 jut? of ufurait no 

ft injil rite Ratty-T. Gdnmjr -WM 5 IS SJI 
X- TfeUM'MIMBJEI 


■■nbrossels^b* 
PALACE FOR SALE! 

An ‘An dero' rewJenct of pitsige and far 
reception, cwntootog tbe pliicdged arri- 
ronmem ol the Mr of Garni. is ideal for 
ententes, tabbytap or taray icftkflB. 
BeOa PnprtM* 6 Dtmmws rfBtropc 
TeL 3?I.1I-Z2- Fax QZZ) 35L2L01 



Former Home of Major 
American Statesman 

"BEARS NEST" 

Very European Wamfrom. Exquisite, 
SPECIAL aft-brick rownhoase. MatWe 
entrance halL Ccadous LB with carved 
wall niches, carved wood and mart* 
fireplace, DR with fireplace and Pefla 


doors to laree deck. Solarium with sky- 
lights ana carved-wood window 
screens. MBR suite with sitting room 


and fireplace. Library and/or study 
with band-crafted bookshelves, 3 full 
height dormer windows, custom 
designed and worthy of rise most dis- 
criminating owner. 51,200,000 
Shawn bf appointment 
to only qualified buyers 


Tishman Speyer 
won’t take credit for 
creating Utopia. 

Just developing it. 



Tishman Speyer, distinguished American 
developer of Europe's tallest office building. 
The MesseTunm, and the Friedrichstadt 
Passaged, is proud to present The Water 
Club. 

The water Club is an exclusive residential 
condominium club being built on the most 
beautiful beach on the west coast of Florida. 
Longboat Key. just minutes from Sarasota, 
Florida. It offers large apartments with expan- 
sive terraces, private elevator entrances to 
each apartment and a magnificent Clubhouse 
on 16 pristine oceanfront acres. 

Residences from 246-485 sq. meters. 
Priced from $545,000-$ 1 ,950.000 U.S- For 
additional information please contact Tishman 
Speyer in Berlin 011-49-30-23149-40 or 
Frankfurt Ol 1-49-69-9754-10 or caU direct. 

TheW&.ter Club 


AT LONGBOAT KEY 

1245 Gulf of Mexico Drive. Longboat Key. FL 34228 
Phone (813) 383-6444 Fax (813) 383-2590 
Tha SunaHhe Group (Florida) Corp. Exdus kQ Mariceong Ccyisultant- 


veil over some of the worst 
recessionary hardships this 
country has seen in over 50 
years, which have dislodged 
some of the upper classes - 
as well as a good part of the 
middle classes - from their 
traditional stomping 
grounds. 

Ms. Barnes notes a drop in 
sales related to the Lloyds 
insurance scandal. Lloyds 
“names” - wealthy individu- 
als who pledged their per- 
sonal unlimited liability in 
return for what they were as- 
sured were surefire profits - 
began instead to receive 
huge bills in 1990-91. By 
1992, they were selling 
property in order to pay. But 
by 1 993, it became clear that 
the bills were growing be- 
yond the reach of many 


International Real Estate 
and Capital Investment 

We offer commercial real estate, 
plots, hotels (also with casinos), 
castes, vineyards, qwtment Mods, 
shoppmg centers, and exclusive 
aparunents/villas (fl.g. Paris). 
Property in Germany and the rest of 
EunyK^also Eastern Europe and 

Serious and dtacreta for foresters 
andsetas! 

Arrangement ol investment and stare 
of each type and sized 
Phase sand you serious injuries to 
INTERSOLVEST HMOBIUEN 
Bmert & Pfflbw 
Fax: Germany (+49)-7034/2992B 
Phone: Germany 1+4SJ-71 1/654692 


names, no matter what they 
sold. At the same time, pro- 
tracted litigation has begun 
that will provide, al worst, a 
long stay of execution and, 
at best, relief for those 
names who manage to prove 
their allegations of fraud. 

“We now believe that the 
wall of properties said to be 
about to hit the market as a 
result of Lloyds losses will 
not materialize,'' Savills 
concludes. This is good 
news for agents, as such a 
“wall of properties” would 
have dragged prices down. 
The development is less 
good for prospective buyers. 

Another Savills finding is 
that in 1993, only 8 percent 
of vendors were selling 
prime property “to trade up 
or speculate," while 34 per- 
cent of buyers were buying 
for those reasons. Twenty 
percent of sales involved 


LITTLE SARK, | 
CHANNEL ISLANDS | 

NO income, property, 
transfer or inheritance 
taxes complete group of 
i m am house, guest wing and 
staff quarters each separate 
facilities and foil services. 
Sea promontory 25 acres 
£450,000. 

Owner 

Gordon dairy Bsc. FJLLC5. 
TeL: (44) (0) 481 724355 
Fax: (44) (0) 481 728360 








torhina al Cago 

Prime Property in Switzerland 

Prestigious Condi miniums 
and Castle apartments 

30 miles south of Zurich un Like VTalenstadt wc offer 
exclusive apartments in the modem apartment house ana in 
the rests u red famous old Manor House of Lmdvogtei 
Mariahalden (from 12th century i. 

From each Condo you enjoy an unforgetable view on the 
lake and the Alps. All facilities, very’ best location and 
quality, doorman and momservice on request. 

Prices from sfr. 600.000, -> .-ipproivd for sale to foreigners. 
Best pr op erties also on Lake Logano in Southern Swimriand. 

Emerald# Home Ltd 

Via PocobcOi 25 • CH-68I5 MdMcTI 
v Tdefcnv 91/68 65 23 • Telefax: 9 1/68 73 44 > 



Albany, a mansion fust OB Pkxadtty, London, mas once ffie home of Graham Greene and Lord Byron. 


second homes. Foreign in- 
vestors who flocked to Lon- 
don after the British pound 
plummeted in September 
1 992 now make up an im- 
pressive 9 percent of all buy- 
ers of luxury homes. The 
breakdown is 3 percent Eu- 
ropeans, 2 percent Ameri- 
cans, 1 percent from the 
Middle East and the remain- 
ing 3 percent “others” - 
mainly Far Easterners and 
Russians. 

When it comes to that 
quintessential English habi- 
tat, the period country 
house, Knight Frank & Rut- 
ley say that the English are 
back, making up 65 percent 
of buyers of country proper- 
ty at over £750,000 in 1993- 


French Riviera 


' . . . < ’ ; 4 


An elegant silting mom In a Georgian manor house. 


ST TROPEZ 

Large bastide in very calm spot 
with view on port and gulf. 
Character, luxurious fittings, 
beautiful landscaped park. 

For more information + to visit, contact 
owner in Parts: Tel.: (1) 45.53.18.18 
Fax: (1) 45-53.18-98 




94, up from only 25 percent 
the year before. 

A typical offering from 
Knight Frank & Rutley is 
Goldingtons, which will be 
familiar to the milhoos who 
have seen the successful 
film “Four Weddings and a 
Funeral ” The 13th-century 
manor provided the setting 
for the first wedding. Locat- 
ed 22 miles from London, it 
comes with over 52 acres of 
land, a quarter mile of trout 
fishing and a range of out- 
buildings, all for £1-65 mil- 
lion. 


A different kind of oppor- 
tunity for fame by associa- 
tion is available at Albany, 
the 18th-century mansion 
off Piccadilly. Previous resi- 
dents have included Lord 
Byron, Akious Huxley, Gra- 
ham Greene and Dame 
Edith Evans, and a current 
neighbor is former politician 
Alan Clark. A set of Albany 
“chambers,” comprising a 
bedroom, drawing room, 
dining room and kitchen, is 
available through Savills at 
£850,000. 

Mira Bar-HiDel 


Ambrose MarElia 



C. O M 


REPRESENTING PROPERTIES OF DISTINCTION 


Part. Avenue Exclusive 

NEEDLE-IN-A-HAYSTACK 
YOU JUST FOUND IT! Luxurious 
space of 3000 sq. fJ. Excellent 
location, high floor & ceils., all 
open views. A must see. Available 
immediately with S.5 baths, 8 
large rooms. WBF, 3 MBRs plus 
Library. Walk everywhere! 

Marcia Cruder 752-7789 * tl 

L bO's/Park New Exclusive 

PARIS1ENNE PH 

PREMIERE Location in Pre-War 
building with FAB Open City 
Views!!! MINT condition Finest 
renovation with UNUSUAL details: 
1 1 foot ceilings, WBF with 
Original Louis XVl marble mantel, 
crown moldings + TERRACE!!! 
Low Maint. Foreign Residents OK. 
Dbra Uefaowte 752-7789 »S9 

CPWftO's Condo 7.5 Rms 

SPLENDOR ON THE PARK 

Park & City Views from this 2500 
square feet perfect Family home 
with European elegance FDR, 3 
MBRs. 4.5 baths plus maids in Pre- 
war LuNUfy Building Prime 
Location. Low maintenance, 
TREMENDOUS rental income! 

kiriEsttm 752-77*9 xt£ 8:9564271 


Sutton Place 9 Rms 

RIVER OF DREAMS 

3600 square feet duplex hanging 
over New Yorks East River with its - 
own garden. Also features a 
terrace, double height LR with' 
WBF, 4 or 5 bedrooms. A city 
’house* with apartment services- 
Under $2 million on 5utton Place! 
Merrily Cbnnsy 752-7789 * 5* 

E60s (East) Exclusive 

YOUR OWN PVT GARAGE 
Brick one family. townhouse with a - 
CARACE. Large entertaining areas 
overlooking romantic garden. 
Master suite wiih terrace. A terrific 
townhouse with fireplaces, central 
air conditioning and many more 
amenities. 

PRICED RIGHT. 

MahrdDtum 752-7789 x 23 

72nd Sl East Condo Exd. 

SKY HIGH/FULL FLR! 
Wonderful views surround this 
entire floor consisting of a huge 
LR, DR, gourmet Eat-in Kitchen, 

3 Bedrooms (including double 
MBR) + Library + Maids/ 3.5J 
Marble baths,. Washer and Dryer, 

2 planting balconies! MINT! ’ 
P.NfcMi 752-7789 * 53*: 4724«5 - 


Central Park South Exclusive 2 BR Duplex 

UNBELIEVABLE VIEW 
ALL OF CENTRAL PARK from 
huge windows on both hi firs of 
AUNT cond. duplex, top NY loc. 
LR, DR, over-siied MBR + marble 
bth, 2nd BRAJen. 2 more marble 
bths, topline Kitchen. Superb taste. 
Lux. dimn bldg. Good Mt. & Price. 
D. Symons 782-7789 a 44or R 877-2221 

KTs-80*sEast 

■"investment Quality Homes"* 

INVESTORS COMMUNIQUE 

'Opportunities now exist to 
acquire New York City Condos 
and Townhouse? at Substantial 
Discount to Market Value. Suitable 
for Investors seeking High Rental 

income or Luxury Living with 
Wdrk & Income Options." 

J. Tore* BA 752-7789 *25 Fk 752-0754 

70s Madison/Parfc . 3 Rooms 

FOR RENT 
CARLYLE at .1/3 PRICE 
Exquisite furnished with antiques 
and great art Prime tocatiori. ru IT 
'hatef service in NEW YORK OTY 
■ TOP HOTEL, .6 months or longer, 
. Only $5500: . 

KaifEastea 752-7789 * 62 . ^ 

- fc95t-8271 


UPTOWN! 779 LnhfWi Am. N*t> Y«*. N.V. TOOT 7SJ-7709 
DOWNTOWN, 1ST W— ffr Win. Nw, Tw*. N.». I Ml A (312> (7S-MSS- 


\£ j > 










. si. »* •v-’ - V- 






•■ .'. .I-.. >; . 


ESTERI^ONAt HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1994 


ADVERTISING SECTION 




Luxury Real Estate 

Asian Prices Defy the Law of Gravity 


A housing devek>pmBntmCkakakHtfud& an eleg^ntapaneoe-slyle garden. 


In Japan, Homes Are Growing Bigger 



itfa the bursting 
of Japan's 
economic bub- 


spend more time at home 
and enjoy relaxing in larger 
living areas. Large windows 


-ble in 1 991,- ^ndught-colored stone exte- 
land price inflation ended, riors are also popular. 


This started the downward 
spiral of prices, and for a 
time there was a decrease in 
demand for residential and 
business property. 

Three years later, housing 
starts are showing signs of 
improvement and may be 
pan of the rebound in con- 
sumer spending expected to 
pull the economy out of re- 
cession. Housing starts in : 
Apr? 1 ) 994 were up 1 1 .6 
percent over 1993. 

Real-estate purchasers to- 
day differ dramatically from 
those of the bubble period in 
the late- 1 980_s. Though 
some luxury is essential, 
practical concerns have be- 

ums arid apartments toy 
buy and rent. - 

“Housing discounters,” or 
cooperatives, are successful- 
ly cutting the prices of 
homes by standardizing 
building materials and 
working directly with mmo- 
facturere. 

- Selling Standardized boos- . 
es for wealthy clients as well 


International executives 
working in Japan on tempo- 
rary assignments are also ex- 
pecting more for their mon- 
ey Mien it comes to real es- 
tate. On the futuristic Rokko 
Island development off 
Kobe in western Japan, a 
large complex of residential 
and office facilities has been 
constructed to satisfy this 
demand. 

The Entente, for instance, 
offers 32 floors of rental 
apartments ranging from 
about 85 to 450 square me- 
ters. It includes business, 
recreational and cultural 
amenities such as confer- 
ence rooms. -a fitness club 
and barbecue area 


in Japan have collapsed, 
while official prices have 
come down to levels compa- 
rable with real values,” ex- 
plains Philip J. Stewart of 
K.KL Halifax Associates. 

For instance, residential 
land prices in the central 
parts of Tokyo (such as 
Chiyoda, Minato, and 
Shibuya) declined 73 per- 
cent between 1992 and 
1993. In those choice areas, 
a square meter of land costs 
over 2 million yen 
($19,000). 

Some spacious luxury 
condominiums in western 
Japan have been selling for 
78 million yen (about 
$750,000). With market 
conditions favoring the con- 
sumer. newer properties can 
be bought at amounts cm a 
par with older develop- 
ments. 

. Luxury homes cost be- 


assignments choose to 
rent Western-style family 
dwellings, which may be 
priced from 500,000 yea to 
1.5 million yen a month, de- 
pending on die age. location 
and size of the apannent or 
bouse. 

These prices are also com- 
ing down, as businesses in 
and out of Japan keep tighter 
control over their corporate 
budgets and pay more atten- 
tion to staff Irving expenses. 
Fortunately for those look- 
ing for somewhere to live. 
Japan's real-estate market 
continues to diversify and 
develop accordingly. 

• Janet Purdy Levaux 


Small CHATEAU near Paris 
In Chantilly. 2 ha. Lovsh- views 
over sheltered valley, 20 min. 


.Osaka will soon have an .. Luxury homes cost be- 
area that cfeipeies wiilf^ tween 100 million yen and 


Rokko Island - Osaka 
Amenity Park, expected to 
open in December 1995 near 
Osaka Castle and the Okawa 
River. It will have 500 com- 
fortable residences (averag- 
ing 150 square meters in 
size), several tennis courts 
and easy access to a new 
shopping plaza and office 
tower. The project is man- 


us middle-income families, aged by Mitsubishi Estate 
the Tokyo "Home Corpora- , Co. 


tion has infiroduced a variety, 
of styles that give buyers the 
feel of custom-built houses 
at far more economical 
prices. 

Whereas older homes 


• When, it comes to prices, 
the situation is better, al- 
though they are still high by 
international standards. 
Land pices in the greater 
Tokyo area have fallen for 


200 million yen in . the 
sought-after districts of 
Tokyo, . according to 
Mr. Stewart; prices for spa- 
cious homes in the newer 
suburbs of Osaka are simi- 
lar. Completely Westernized 
houses can sell for two or 
three times as much. 

Most international execu- 
tives in Japan on temporary 


NYC/MID-MAM-tATTAN 

STUNNING TRIPLEX 


were built small to allow for ■ the past three years, accord- 
as much garden as possible ing to the Tokyu Land Car- 


on a plot of land, houses to- 
day are generally biggertind 

gardens are smaller People 


IWOMHEtfMRIVratA 

MnpKifiwm iffla ft fib panoramic 
virft. nqtintJe pardro. pristine 
r qwfrfMn. *H amcnrtfc* 

9 lininonrv HI hilhv, « arcHwtnrd 
bp W hnwsm fttwkL 
Srrioua intjvimfor more tUioil*: 
(33) 93 56 14 2Z 

TcLiSr" Vodu 2)2-86750 00 


porauon. 

* ‘"Since the bubble burst, 
market values of properties 


SWISS ALPS 

Direct from owner. 
ANZERE (20 mins, from 
Montana-Crans) splendid 
4 1/2 apartment 2 baths, 1 
separata WC, large terrace, 
2 mins. - on foot from 
installations. Private parking. 
Fax 441 21 691 0844 


2£00 sqJL 050 sqjti.) renewal ed flat 
owertookfag UN and East Rtoor. 7 m. 
high beamed cefingh bring room wih 
marble llrepiace. Marble floors and 
marble countertops in windowed 
kitchen. Two terraces, one with 
charmra summer kitchen Ideal for el 
fresco timing. Two bedrooms and two 
baths with potential to add another 
room and baih. A STEAL AT $885,000. 

Cafl or Pax owner in France 
at (33) S3 91 0178 


■FLORIDA - NEAR TAMPA" 
16 ROOM HOME ON 11 ACRES 

Fenced and mSed edit etetrtc pte, wr 
private 4 bedrooms. 4 1/2 baths wfln 
jccahoaM off master bedoom. Eusrise 
room with saona and steam room. 
U sb apedboese around a 24 fact fcy4fl loot 
pool wM) wrtertrf. bridge and die spa. 3 
or garage phiseficienor apsrtmrat Spring 
led pond. Babied tenms ccuit 2 kernels. 
a«eBte sjstem and may other atm. 

A REAL SHOW PLACE 
$849,000.00 
More acreage available! 

Tel: 904-686-2880 (USA) 




For sale by Private 


FRANKFORT A.M. 


“Holzhausen Park" 


Very luxurious, modem 4 -APARTMENT HOUSE in beautiful, quiet residential 
area 1000 sq.m. Apartment house includes all luxury conveniences such as 
marble staircases, elaborate security systems for each apartment, etc. 
Well-kept garden with mature trees. 


Price: US$ 4,000,000- 

For further details please write to-. 
Box no. 999, 

International Hera Id Tribune 
181 ave. Charies-de-Gaulie 
92220 Neuilly. 

(No aeendes please) 


airport (Rote 
Palis just 25 


i, 15 min. motorway, 
n. by train ♦ RER. 


IDEAL FOR INT’L 
BUSINESSMAN 


877 s.q.m. + original cellars. | 
Landscaped gardens, small river, j 
2 paddocks. 3 loose boxes, tennis, I 
caretakers lodge + 2 cottages. 
3-car garage, old chapel. 

F®c (33) 44JS7A7&} or wrtTO Box D417. 
1HT, B2521 NmiIIIv Cede*. FBAHCE 


Mediterranean Estate 

os 

Connecticut's Gold Coast 
35 IfaWM to NYC. Amos 3 wooded acre*, 


l i nnnttW . 8 bed ro om*. 8 Ltt bribe. 
I eonplata kacharw and more. 

Coldwell Baaker 
fte (203)655-8358054 


0 espite predictions 
to the contrary, 
prices in the lux- 
ury residential 
market throughout most of 
Asia continue to skyrocket, 
defying the laws of gravity, 
and recent moves by some 
governments to cool this 
sector seem to be having lit- 
tle effect. 

In Hong Kong - where a 
parking space can cost over 
5500.000 - the government 
recently announced a pack- 
age of measures aimed at in- 
creasing the residential 
housing supply and putting 
new obstacles in the way of 
speculators. Many experts 
describe the much-awaited 
remedies as “mild,” howev- 
er, and no more than a clev- 
erly crafted compromise 
with powerful property de- 
velopers. 

As a result of these mea- 
sures. average property 
prices in Hong Kong have 
fallen by 5 percent to 7 per- 
cent But the luxujy end of 
the market has hardly been 
touched. In land-scarce, 
cash-rich Hong Kong, the 
demand for luxury proper- 
ties continues to outstrip 
supply. 

Currently on the market is 
a 9.000 square foot house on 
the posh south coast of 
Hong Kong Island. The ask- 
ing price is $26 million - 
which translates into $2,900 
per square fooL And that is 
not a record. In May, a 7,000 
square foot house in the 
prestigious Peak area was 
sold for $24 million (ap- 
proximately $3,400 per 
square foot). The overall 
record price for a Hong 
Kong house is $35 million, 
which the chairman of a lo- 
cal company paid earlier this 
year. 

Expatriates and locals 
alike now dread the expira- 
tion of their leases as rental 
increases of 50 percent to 
100 percent are not uncom- 


EUROPEAN LIVING 
AT ITS BEST 

Detached Manor House 
. Idyflicaliy.situated at 
Lenggrtes/Obb. (Alps) 
Germany-Upper Bavaria 

Reel Property: 31.850 sq.m, wllh 
paddock. 

Equipment: Elegant main building 
and aktgte-etoiey extension wxh km- 
nous furnishings. 

Underground car pvV with reddenllal 
butting, ancUary Ming, swtntming- 
pcol halt, outdoor swimming pool, 
stable with 4 boxes and accessory 
building lor hay and straw. 1 riding 
manage coneepondng to competition 
requiem ems 

Floor space: 964.70 sqm 

Usable floor space: 405.88 6qm 
State d repair Petted 

Purchase price: Asking price 

Phase contact 

Dr. Bernhard von Lins tow 
Teh 0049 89 350 65-122 
Telefax: 0049 89 350 65-123 


CANNES, FANTASTIC 180 SEA VIEW 

Luxurious provencal mas with garden and pool caretaker's 
house. FF 9,500,000 

CANNES, NEAR CENTER, SEA VIEW 

1875 manor house, elegant renovation, beautiful garden, 
charming and intimate. FF 5,500,000 

BERNARD ROBBE, tfiJ.: 93.68.00.15, Fax: 93 66 03 81 


- FRENCH RIVIERA - 


PALAZZO 



O utstandingly constructed, LE PALAZZO is 
conceived in the finest French building tra- 
dition. Exceptionally situated. LE PALAZZO is : 

By the Menton Sea Front 
5 m from Italy 

15 m from the Monte-Carlo Golf Clcb (18 holes) 


Co\smcm n 


cogm ^ 


SALES & INFORMATION OFFICE m M ft ]J(fl 
1131, PROMENADE DU SOLEIL iMM Wlilll 
06500 MENTON - FAX. + 33 - 92 10 27 15 vte speak English 


mon. The situation is so bad 
that some executives may be 
forced to live across the bor- 
der in Shenzhen, with an 
hour's journey into central 
Hong Kong for woik. 

Shenzhen is one of the 
most affordable cities in 
China for luxury housing, 
thanks to a current oversup- 
ply. Elsewhere in China. 
Western-style accommoda- 
tion is rare and rents accord- 
ingly high. In fact, exorbi- 
tant rental prices are forcing 
many multinational compa- 


Indonesia relaxing 
law on foreign 
ownership 


nies to quicken the training 
of locals to replace expatri- 
ate managers. 

Many expatriate managers 
in China continue to live in 
hotels - especially in the 
main business centers like 
Guangzhou. Shanghai and 
Beijing - waiting while their 
names slowly rise to the top 
of lone residential waiting 
lists. When they do become 
available, "luxury” apart- 
ments in big Chinese cities 
fetch rents of $6,000 to 
$8,500 a month. 

The Singapore govern- 
ment recently announced a 
30 percent increase in state 
land released for residential 
development, hoping that in- 
creased supply will dampen 
speculation and escalating 
prices. Real estate has be- 
come the most popular form 
of investment, a momentum 
that has seen private housing 
prices appreciate 35 percent 


last year and 50 percent 
since 1992, 

According to Richard El- 
lis, the leading property con- 
sultant in -Southeast Asia. 
Singapore has witnessed a 
number of milestones in 
property sales in recent 
years. For instance, six of 14 
bungalows in the Ashley 
Green development sold for 
a whopping $3.8 million 
each on opening day. And 
all 159 units in the Rich- 
mond Park condominium 
project sold within two days, 
for prices ranging from $600 
to $780 per square foot 

. More than 16,000 new 
units are scheduled for com- 
pletion by the end of this 
year. But Jones Lang Woot- 
ton, another Singapore prop- 
erty consultant, does not ex- 
pect the flood of new hous- 
ing to bring prices down, 
with demand for the remain- 
der of the year still exceed- 
ing the 1 993 level. They pre- 
dict that rents may come 
down, however, as a result 
of tenants taking advantage 
of increased choice. Aver- 
age rents for luxury apart- 
ments in the Singapore area 
are presently running be- 
tween $6,000 and $7,000 a 
month. 

In Indonesia and Thai- 
land, the situation is some- 
what different, with demand 
still lagging behind supply. 
“The luxury-real-estate mar- 
ket is oversupplied in some 
sectors as a result of the 
massive building program of 
the late ’80s and early '90s,” 
says Simon Landy, associate 
director of Richard Ellis 
(Thailand). During this peri- 
od. average annual construc- 
tion figures jumped from 
40,000 to 1 10.000 units a 


year. Mr Landy feels that 
"demand fueled by in- 
creased domestic purchasing 
power is still very strong and 
has created opportunities for 
developers to plug gaps in 
the market." 

A typical 2,700 square 
foot single family unit in 
suburban Bangkok now- 
costs about $220,000. Cen- 
tral lv located luxury condo- 
miniums now range between 
$ 1 40 and $250 per square 
fooL slightly higher than in 
1993. when there was a dip 
in condo prices. 

Bangkok's upscale rental 
market is still dominated by 
foreigners, which means that 
regardless of the general 
supply situation, rent for 
good quality apartments re- 
mains high. 'Richard Ellis es- 
timates the average rental 
for a three-bedroom unit in 
the Sukhumvii area at 
$3,000 per monih. 

The reduction in foreign 
investment in Indonesia Iasi 
year put developers into a 
tailspin and prompted many 
to switch from large luxury 
developments to smaller 
units aimed at the burgeon- 
ing domestic middle class. 
The improved investment 
climate of 1994. plus the 
government's impending re- 
laxation of laws on foreign 
ownership of homes, may 
change the situation. 

According to property 
consultant Procon lndah. the 
average price of prime con- 
dominiums in Jakarta is 
$163 per square foot. Rents 
in prime areas range from 
$2,948 per month for a one- 
bedroom unit (867 square 
feet) to $4,610 for three bed- 
rooms (2.200 square feet). 

Julia Clerk 


©saMSUSA 


ON THE OCEAN 

FLORIDA 

- Belleair — 

20 min. to Tampa Int 


"It’s been over 3 months that we’ve been looking for 
a penthouse in Monte-Carlo with a sea view and a 
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AGEDl. which offers the largest choice of real esta- 
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Best buy on the beach! 
3700 sqft. on 1/2 acre 
US 5 1.35 million 
Other offers available. 

Tel. (49) 61 95-91 01 65 
O. (49) 61 95-6 64 59 
Fax (49) 61 95-91 05 54 
Sodener Str. 120 B 
BRD-65779 Kelkhetm 
Germany 

Tel: (412) 941 3527 
Fax:(412)942 0530 
139 Marion Drive 
USA-Mc Murray. PA 15317 


Crcaied in l%0. AGEDl im- 
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Today. AGEDl is ihe leader 
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ib .sale- and roanagemcm of 
Real Emji«. Markeiine. 


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| V AGEDl 

MONTE-CARLO 

*Monte-Cario Palace' 7 el 9 boulevard dcs Moulins. MC 98000 Monte-Carlo 
Tel: 1 33 1 92. 16.39.59 - Fas: 1 33t 93,50. 19.42 


% * ••‘rt - 


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^ y#?:- »’ ** 

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• -Comf Home To'HA^ii 
'■X* I,N Grand Sai l 


rom its sculptured fountains, 
terraced pools and original 
artwork to its magnificent Great 
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a classic. 

The fee simple luxury residence in 
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neighborhoods combines the best of 


both worlds - the spaciousness and 
privacy of single family living and the 
secure environment of superbly- 
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There are just 34 Suites and 
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opportunities to capture, at long last, 
that elusive dream. 


THE 

COURTYARDS 

AT PUNAHOU 



For a video and brochure, please conract- The Courtyards at Punahou. Hassko Redly 1R1 
1740 S. Beretania 5 tre«. Suite 32 - Honolulu. HI 9 o 82 e> ' Phone 18O81 *40-7000 . ,5081 0J0-70Q| 









International Herald Tribune 
Friday July J, 1994 
Page 10 









Next Best Thing? Skiing and Surfing Near Tokyo 


By David Tracey 


T OKYO —After a hard afternoon 
skiing in a steel warehouse, 
there's nothing quite like relax- 
ing on a rubber beach. 

You can do both year-round at sites 
near Tokyo in one exhausting day or virtu- 
al fun. Say good-bye to driving snow and 
ice bums, forget about jellyfish and rip 
tides. Technology has provided what na- 
ture could not: consistency. 

Bui do indoor siding and pool surfing 
mean the demise of the slopes and the sea 
as we know it? WQ1 all our sports thrills in 
the future be machine-made? 


product of its snowmaking machines 
“powder.” 

Without believing the hype you can stOl 
enjoy a fairly steep (20-degree) drop at the 
start of the "advanced” course. It’s 
enough to generate real speed, with a few 
moguls to attack or avoid, but the ran 
soon flattens out. You're then faced with a 
slow and boring cruise back to the lift and 
another two- minute ride to the top. Of the 


slope’s surprisingly long 490 meters (1,600 
feet), only the first 50 seem worth the 


You’ll hope not, after trying the indoor 
SSAWS Ski Dome in Chita and the Wild 
Blue Yokohama fake beach. But they 
aren’t as weird as you might think. With 
an open mind and a thick wallet, you can 
have a good time. 


F*- ^ 


The SSAWS Ski Dome (an acronym for 
Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter, Snow 
and pronounced “zaus”) calls itself "the 
Nknbr AsdusiKT answer to the serious skier’s dream for 
year- round snow." It also calls the grainy 


trouble. Snowboarders are not allowed. 

The neighboring "intermediate” course 
features an easier drop (15 degrees) on the 
top section before joining the same gentle 
finish as the other. For authenticity it also 
sometimes features that staple of Japanese 
outdoor slopes — young women clustered 
to chat in the middle of the course. 

Although the skiing itself suggests the 
real thing on a mushy day at a tiny moun- 
tain, the indoor atmosphere is unsettling. 
Massive air-conditioning ducts on the 
ceiling enhan ce the idea that you're in a 
giant refrigerator. At the same time, just 
w alkin g into the glassed-in ski area, with 
the te m perature kept at a constant minus 


3 degrees centigrade (26 degrees Fahren- 
heit) even while Tokyo swelters through 
summer, can be a joy in itself. 

But not a cheap one. Two hours of skiing 
(which sounds short only until you've done 
the same quick run enough times to fed like 
a hamster on a running wheel) costs 5,900 
yen (about $60). Pay at the ticket booth and 
pick up a computes card to use for all 
transactions inside (including an extra 
4,600 yen if you need to rent equipment 
and riowear). The card is checked and your 
money extracted when you leave. 

It will never compare to being outdoors 
on a mountain, bur if you think of indoor 
skiing as a training facility for the real 
thing , it's not a tad idea. SSAWA Ski 
Dome is a two-minute walk from Minami- 
Funabashi Station, which is a 30-minute 
train ride from Tokyo Station. Homs are 
10 A. M. to 10 P. M. The phone number is 
(0474)32-7000. 


pool like movie extras escaping a dnexnauc 
tsunami. Only those with sanctioned body 
boards are then allowed in the water. 


T HE main attraction at Wild Blue 
Yokohama, an artificial beach in 
an urban warehouse, is the Big 
Wave. Every hour an excited 
voice on the loudspeaker announces its 
impending arrival The swimmers dear the 


By surfing standards the meter-high 
wave is not exactly big. But it is fun, at least 
while it lasts. An easy takeoff leads to a 
dean 30-meter right before it doses out in a 
protective layer of white water that pre- 
vents customers from head-butting the Ear 
■waL Local hotshots use the four-second 
ride to stand up .on die body board, hit the 
Iqj, then finish whh a360 in the soup. -- 

Start ty jumping in behind, the break 
when lifeguudsgive you the O. K. Follow 
their directions along a guide rope toward 
the beach, but don’t catch the wave there. 
Paddle to thcleft wall for the longest ride. 
If you miss one, wait three seconds for its 
dent When you wash up on the rubber, 
get out and walk around to the jump-in 
spot again. 

The Big Wavecootinues far 20 minutes 
every hour; enough time for four ar five 
rides if the crowd isn’t too big. There are 
things to do when the waves go flat Five 
water slides will take you from the top of 
the warehouse in great swerves to the. 
bottom, lie prone to build up speed on 


the steepest slide and you migjt grt 
thentiebreises front tanging agamst the 

Sc sides. There are also 

to Jacuzzi, a tanning center, a plasta ram 

forest with recorded bird durps and vari- 
ous cafes and restaurants. 

Again, it doesn’t come cheap. E ntry du r- 
to the “top season” (curiously in simmer) 
edits 3,900 yea. On the way m you re groat 
a wristband with your locker key jndabar 
registers transactions to tasttflea 
when you leave. Since no persotm wads 
are allowed, you have to rent one 2fl00 
yen for the standard or 3,000 yea for the 

■J « rt .h i_ J _ arwrt 


lAj a vtbVA vamu) 

If you compare it to the ocean, WSd Blue 
Yokohama isn’t much, but rated against 
indoor pods ft comes out looking gtxw. it 
can be reached by taxi or Bus -29 from 
Kawasaki Station’s East Exrt, about 20 
wntniTtes by tram from Tokyo Station-Sum- 
mer hours are from 9 A. M- to 10 P. M. The 
phone number is (045) 504 -5699. 


David Tracey is a free-lance writer thing 
in Kamakura; Japan. 


VIE f f I i E 


The Lion King 

Directed by Roger A Uers and Rob Minkoff. 

as. 


The circle of life, as described in and borne 
out by “The Lion King,” is a cycle of 
evolution. Birth, growth, maturity, de- 
cline: nothing is immune to change, not 
even Disney animation. Taking its place in 
the great arc of neo-Disney classics that 
began with “The Little Mermaid,” “The 
Lion King” is as visually enchanting as its 
pedigree suggests. But it also departs from 
the spontaneity of its predecessors and 
reveals more calculation. This latest ani- 


mated juggernaut has the feeling of a clev- 
er, predictable product To its great advan- 


tage, it has been contrived with a spirited, 
animal-loving prettiness no child will re- 
sist Nobody beats Disney when it comes 
to manufacturing such products with bril- 
liance, precision and loving care. And 
films that lure the lunch-box set never lack 
for blatantly commercial elements. Still, 
the wizardry of “Beauty and the Beast” 
managed to seem blissfully formula-free, 
while “The Lion King” has more notice- 
ably derivative moments. “The Lion 
King" is about Simba, a cub who endures 
certain rites of passage before becoming 
ruler of his kingdom. In describing the 
classic hero’s journey, the screenplay adds 
a touch of Shakespeare for good measure. 
In addition to his noble father, Mufasa 
(with the voice of James Eaii Jones), 
Simba is also influenced by his delectably 
wicked unde, Scar (Jeremy Irons). This 
tale, with its emphasis on myth making 
and machismo, has no heroine. Nor does it 


Even With Dad.” The filmmakers have 
taken what should have been a foolproof 
idea — a neglected boy who blackmails 
his ex-con father into spending time with 
him — and thrown it away with a hack- 
neyed script and sluggish direction. The 
film should have been a roller-coaster 
ride; instead, watching it is like trudging 
through a swamp. Ray (Danson), recent- 
ly released from a California prison and 
newly employed as a cake decorator, is 
planning one last heist so he can buy his 
own bakery. The day before the robbery, 
his son, Timmy (Culkin), is dropped on 
his doorstep for a week by his aunt, who 
has been keeping him since bis mother 
died. What happens from then on is as 
fake and nonsensical as Danson's glued- 
on ponytail. Timmy hides the stolen loot 
and won’t reveal its hiding place until his 
father takes him to the aquarium, a ball 
game and other attractions on a long wish 
list. Timmy’s secret motive is to save his 
inept dad from being caught and sent to 
prison again. Both Danson and Culkin 
make the film' s predictable ending far 
more effective than it might have been. 
It’s too bad that the audience is likely to 
have grown restless long before then. 

(Caryn James, NYT) 


The Less Traveled Wine Valley of California 


By Frank J. PriaJ 

new York Times Service 


UlVv v* 


M endocino, California — 

Just beyond Cl overdale, at 
the northern end of Sonoma 
County. Rome 128 — just a 
country road, really — splits off from 
Highway 101 and wanders 60 miles (100 
kilometers) through Mendocino County 
to the sea. Most of the way it follows the 
little Navarro River through the Anderson 
Valley, one of California's least-known 
and most beautiful wine regions. 

As if by magic, a dreary succession of 
gas stations, fast-food places and used-car 
lots becomes a California of a different 
time and place. Here is a remote, rural 
California of quiet country towns, fair- 
grounds and wQdfiowers, verdant farms 
and tidy orchards stretching off to distant 
mountains, majestic redwoods and, final- 
ly, the cra ggy Mendocino coast and the 
cold, vast Pacific. 

And then there are the vineyards. 
Mendocino is often linked with. Napa 
and Sonoma counties when people talk of 
north coast wine, but it is just far enough 
north of San Francisco and Oakland — 
about 1 10 miles — to discourage most of 
the tourists who dog the highways and 
tasting rooms of the two lower counties. 

Rural and unspoiled, Mendocino is 
home to 30 wineries, the more established 
ones mostly in the eastern half of the 
county, where the Russian River rises, and 
the newer, smaller operations in western 
Mendocano’s Anderson Valley. All of 
these Offer tastings as well as tours of the 
wine making facilities, some by appoint- 
ment only. Allot at least two days for a 
relatively relaxed visit to the Mendocino 
wine country. 

There were grapes in the Anderson Val- 
ley as early as 1890, but wine wasn’t made 
commercially in the area until less than 30 
years ago. The first grapes were planted by 
Italian immigrants, along Greenwood 
Ridge on the western side of the valley, 
about 12 miles inland from the fog-bound 
coast The best growing area in the valley is 
stiB there, between the town of Philo and 
the redwood forest a few mBes west of 
Navarro. The vineyards roll bade over the 
hills, but the wineries are all within an 
eight-mile section of 128 running westward 
just east of Pinto. The red wine grapes grow 
best on the high ground, above the fog; the 
white wine grapes cm the lower slopes and 
valley floor. 

Husch Vineyards, which opened for 
businessin 1971, was the first in the valley 
since Prohibition. Kendall- Jackson, a big 


I Low Troubto 

Directed by Charles Shyer, U.S. 


rdy on music, although songs by Elton 
Jonn and Tim Rice are interjected at regu- 


John and Tim Rice are interjected at regu- 
lar intervals. Instead, its seriousness is 
leavened with humor of the son that is a 
true Disney specialty. “The Lion King” 
counts on the wittiest group of voices 
Disney has yet assembled to advance its 
story, and together with a vibrant palette 
and grandly scenic African landscapes, 
these dements give the best of “The Lion 
King” a bright, energetic appeal 

(Janet Maslin, NYT) 


“I Love Trouble," a facile caper about 
rival newspaper reporters, is a lot like an 
Ikea bookcase: It’s easily assembled and 
stylishly utilitarian. This romantic thrill- 
er rarely ventures beyond the genre’s re- 
quirements. Basically, you’ve got patter, 
peril and, finally, passion. Julia Roberts 
and Nick Nolle costar as a couple of 
competitors who eventually join forces in 
pursuit of a big story. When the two meet 
at a train derailment, he tries to pick her 
up and then offers her guidance. It’s dear 
they were meant for each other. The rival- 
ry and the relationship intensify as the 
pair continue to bump heads in their 
efforts to out-scoop each other. Much 
scrappy repartee ensues in the manner of 
a ’40s-styie romantic comedy until the 


Getting Even With Dad 

Directed by Howard Deutch. U.S. 


“You dating yet?” Ted Danson asks, in 
another handsome hut none- too- bright 
role. Tm 1 1,” says Macaulay CuBtin, in 
another of his grown-ups-are-idiots parts. 
As father and son, these two stiU have the 


crowd-pleasing charm many cynics have 
been waiting Tor them to lose. But the 
stars are not the problem in “Getting 


two find that they have become targets of 
milk-poisoning bio-terrorists. When 
nearly murdered in the pursuit of the 
truth, the stars agree to a shaky truce and 
pursue the story together. Hereafter, the 
stakes rise, the plot snarls, the quips sub- 
ride and the rivals fall into each other’s 
arms. “I Love Trouble" is as bland as its 
title; which really should be attached to a 
Disney cat movie. 

(Rita Kempley, WF) 


* v- '■ A- ■ 

f.A U?' r ;$y 

V * 4 - *• .IV; 

\ V* “V'-* * ’ * -rt 'S 

V H va A, 



day is Fetzer Vineyards, in Redwood Val- 




of the lumber business to plant Ms first 
grapes north of Ukiah in 1958. The winery 
was opened in 1968. After he died in 1981, 
Ms wife and 10 of Ms 11 children earned 
on. When Fetzer was sold to Brown-Fore- 
man of Kentucky in 1992, production had 
readied more than 2 miTfirm cases a year. 

MdDoweB Yafley Vineyards, east of 


ThtNc-YoitTiMejnrtHT 


winery now based in Sonoma, makes a 
fine zmfandel from grapes first planted 
around PMlo in 1916. 

The vafley floor, which is subject to 
.'more fog and frost, has proved to be ideal 
-.for sparkling wines. In 1981 John Scharf- 
^fenbeiger came to the valley to establish 
Schaxffenberger Cellars. 

Louis Roederer, one of France's most 
prestigious Champagne houses, arrived in 
the Anderson Valley in 1982. Besides 
budding an exquisite redwood winery, 
Roederer Estate, as the Mendocino win- 
ery is called, proceeded to acquire and 


Navarro Vineyards may wdl be the Anr 
deison Valley’s best-known winery. Not 
because its wines win prizes, which they: 
regularly do, but because of the marketing 
sum of the ownas, Ted Barnett and 
Deborah Gafin. Navarix>Y«ttiraetive tast- 
ing room and reutilshop, by the side of 
Highway 128 in Philo, always seem busy, 
and there is a booming mail-order busi- 
ness driven by one of the more clever 
newsletters in the wine business. 


plant vineyards in three climatic regions 
between BoonviBe and the north end of 
the valley. Roederer is, at the moment, the 
most important grape grower in the valley. 


A NOTHER winery, Handl^ Cel- 
lars, produces three vintage 
sparkling wines, a brut, a brut 
rest and a hlanc de tone. But 
MEfla Handley, whose winery this is, 
doesn't limit herself to sparkling wines. A 
onetime art student, she switched to wine 
and lata worked at Chateau St Jean in 
Sonoma and at nearby Edmeades before 
starting her own winery in the cellar of her 
home in PMlo. Ha first wine was a 1982 
chardoxmay made from grapes from ha 
parents* vineyard in the Dry Creek region 
of Sonoma. 


Most wine making in the Anderson Val- 
ley is stiB a very personal business — 
much the way it was in the Napa Valley 20 
years ago- Even Roederer, where produc- 
tion is up to 60,000 cases a year, is small 
when compared with Robert Mondavi, 
which makes about 650,000 cases. In a 
good year, a small winery like Lazy Creek 
will make about 4,000 cases. 


tin the 


For a lota: at big, mac commercial 
wineries, the viator should drive along 
Highway 101 for about 30 miles to the 
eastern half of the county, where wine 
grapes have been grown more or less with- 
out interruption for ova a century. 


For years, the only significant winery in 
the county was Parducd Wine Cellars in 
Ukiah, which dates from 1932, just before 
RepeaL Traditional, well-structured, 
meaty Parducd red wines are consistently 


■ America’s a big place, and 
roads tave a powerful meaning . On 
die MgMech, information 
superhighway ride, Annie Leibovitz 
has been shooting pictures of 
Microsoft Chairman BB1 Gates for 
his next book —on an unfinished 
four-lane near Connell, Washington. 
Gales is sitting on a chair in the 
middle. Meanwhile, way down the 
road bj Waveriy, Tennessee, 
Governor Ned McWherta dedicated 
a 12-nrile stretch of Highway 13, 
now the Loretta Lynn Parkway. 


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good and always among the best bargains 
among California wines. 

Aftaast<^axPardntxi,U*5wortha 15- 
minate drive to visit Gennain-Robm, a 
gtnafi distiDoy in Ukiah that makes Co- 
gnac-quality brandies from California 
grapes. _ 


i "" 


prominent line of Rhdne vandals — 
wines made from, grapes associated with 
the Rhdne ^ Vafley in France. These indude 
syrah, grenache, mounredre, assault and 
viognia. The winery wfll produoe.46,000 
cases this year. 

There are dozens dt attract iv e inns, cot- 
tages and restaurants between Albion, 
where 128 meets the sea, and the town of 
Mendocino, eight miles to the north. Two 
favorites axe the Albion Inn, perched high 
on a diff over the sea, and, in Mendocino, 
Caft Beaqolais, with its sumptuous 
breakfasts featuring fresh fruit, home- 
made baked goods and delicious omelets. 

-• Mendocino’s uhderitaied charms wifl 

ddight tbcnCsvcomcr to wme and serve as a 
r emind er to morc sopMsticatcd buffs that 
it’s afl supposed to be fun. like the rest of 
Mendocino, the modest wineries and the 
easygoing folks who run them harken back 
to a simpler, more genuine time. 


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• By Kate Singleton • ■:•/ 

P IENZA,.Italy — It’s three in the - 
afternoon. Outside tiie air is qm- 

et with the heal of early summer, 
the Tuscan landscape still green * 
and patched with poppies. Inside, 
around the long table set up in the cod 
of we stables, the conversation has 
reached a convivial postp randial peak as 
the last beer bottles are emptied. 

Stcfania, whose second chfld is due in a 

couple of months, bears away a pile of 
dirty plates, chipping into the hubbub of 
male voices with, comments of her own. ' 
This is stfll a voy dosed society where 
men rule tbe Gelds but not the roost For 
the young men who*ve just finished a huge 
lunch are Sardinian shepherds who have 
m ai n t ain ed their language and customs 
despite long years in central mainland' 
Italy: 77 continents as they call.it. 

Mariano, Stefania's husband, works as 
a share-crop farmer, getting up at five in 
the morning to milk 330 ewes with the 
help of a lad who learned the.ropes in 
Sardinia and hopes to set up on raown T 
(me day too. Only latte di pecoraf or 1 
sheep’s milk, is used to make the most 
famous Tuscan cheese: pecorino. 

Until about 15 years ago every small. 


fanner in Tbscany and 1 atinm made his 
own thee& tbmg. thistle flowers instead 
of rennet, to curate the milk. This gave 
the cheeses a particular flavor. However 
even- today’s pecorino is remarkably 
tasty, especially those produced around 
Pienza, where the sheep feed on wfciat is 
known as barbabecco (Tragopogon pra- 
tensts), a weed that grows on the Vai 
d’Oraa hillsides of southern Tuscany. 

When many Tuscans left their farm- 
houses after World War n to look for 
work in the cities, their place was taken 
by Sar dinian stepherds who had main- 
tatnedage-old traditions of cheese mak - 
ing oh their island. 

Sardinian pecorino is stronger and 

the nmvdieese makers had to adapt to 
local tastes and methods. Even if today's 
sheep’s milk is transported in huge stain- 
less steel containers and is filtered and 
sterilized to conform to all the requisite 
hygienic norms, the principles have 
changed fittle, 

A couple. of hours after rennet has 
bem added to the milk in the large vats, 
the'etnds are .removed and placed in 
wooden f Gains for 10 days or so until 


they become compact. They are washed, 
then placed on wooden shelves in a room 


kept at around 5 degrees centigrade (41 
degrees Fahrenheit). For three weeks 
they are turned over daily, until they are 
ready to be consumed as fresh cheese. 

If they are to be seasoned, then their 
rinds may be treated with oiL walnut 
leaves, wood ash or tomato extract to 
harden the outer part- A well-seasoned 
pecorino will be about six months old, 
and one suitable for grating on pasta or 
in minestrone, several months older. 

The Sardinians who make tbe cheeses 
that the Tuscans so proudly think of as 
their own have maintained a dose-knit 
society. Stefania speaks in Sardinian to 
her husband and to her 4-year-old son 
Walter. ‘‘As soon as Walter returns from 
kindergarten he’s out at the sheds with 
Mariano for the evening milking . Of 
oouise he learns Italian at school, but 
when he gets home it's our traditions and 
language that be lives with. The Tuscans 
wouldn’t want to be without us, yet they 
view us with difRA-nne I guess if s partly 
. because they can’t understand what we’re 
saying. But we’re islanders, you know. 
We're more cautious in getting to know 
people, but more reliable once we do.” 

Kate Singleton lives m Italy and writes 
frequently on cultural affairs. 


... .... 






Sardinian shepherds provide the sheep's milk for the Tuscan specialty. 


Xatc SagkVm Cl 




.-aft*- • 


BLACK .HOLES AND 
TIME WARPS; Einstein’s 
Outrageous Legacy 

By Kip S. Thome. 619 pages. 
$30 Norton 

Reviewed by 
Marcia Bartusiak 

Q EVERAL weeks ago astron- 
O outers reported that they 
had spied the most distant gal- 
axies ever observed. You may 
not have noticed, because front- 
page headlines were proclaim-, 
mg (hat the Hubble S^pace Tele- 
scope had revealed the best 


a black hole, that infamous ce- 
lestial object from which no 
light and, matter can escape. 
Tbe candidate, a whopper with' 
(Ire mass of a few biESon suns, 
hides in the heart of a far-off 
galaxy in the Virgo consteQa- 
tiou. 

These days, a black hole is 
astronomy’s top celebrity: pow- 
erful, preposterous and a pub- 
licity-grabber whenever it hits 
the news. In the public’s mind, 
distant galaxies are passk. 

Readers seeking to go be- 
yond today’s headlines will not 
find a higher authority (or a 
better storyteller} to <tiscoss the 
cosmos’s most bizarre features. 


For nearly 30 years, Thome, a 
professor of theoretical physics 
at the California Institute of 
Technology, has guided dozens 
of graduate students and post- 
doctoral researchers of general 
relativity, and. as the subtitle of 
his book indicates, black holes 
and warps in space-time are the 
most outrageous legacy of this 
revolutionary theory. 

“Same of tbe physics may be 
tough going,” the author cau- 
tions in his preface. Believe me, 
it is. With over 600 pages of text 
and notes, Thome (figs deeply 
into his subject: from the vision 
of space and time established by 
Isaac Newton and overturned 






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International Herald Tribune 
Friday, Ju ly 1, 1994 ■ 
Page II 


Paris Dining: Tradition to ‘Fusion’ 


By Patricia Wells 

Iraenuaunal Haakt Tribune 

P ARIS — When you take good 
location, a modem sense of liveli- 
nes, and good food for the price, 
you’ve got a real winner. The six- 
month-old UApparf (short- for apparte- 
ment ) is just that, with its shiny wooden 
floors. Oriental rugs, walls lmed with 
books and a mismatched selection of gilt- 
framed mirrors. 

Just steps from the Champs-EIys&s, tbe 
restaurant has a chic, vibrant, spunky air 
with food that hits the spot. Give me half a 
kilo of greens and Tm happy any day. and 
L’Appart’s saiade maraSchere should sat- 
isfy anyone who’s half rabbit to tbe core. 

The tiny classic raviolis de Rayons have 
becomes staples in many of the’dty's bis- 
tros, and there's good reason why. Give 
people fresh pasta, a touch of cheese, and 
you’re sore to bring smiles to their faces. At 
L’Appart’, tbe tiny cheese-filled ravioli ar- 
rive steaming hot in a touch of stock. 

Other worthy offerings indude a platter 
of fresh cod (morue fratche) on a bed of 
creamy mashed potatoes, all served in a 
pool of rich beef stock; a duck carpaccio 
paired with a green salad, and a hot apple 
tart topped with a scoop of ice cream. 

While “fusion'' cuisine may make waves 
in other parts of the world, the French 
wrinkle their eyebrows rather quizzically 
at the thought of tampering with the sac- 
rosanct qualities of rather codified, tradi- 
tional French cooking. Yes, one does find 
an occasional Asian-inspired dose of lime, 
a pinch of curry, a leaf of coriander here 
ami there, but it comes on like a gentle 
breeze, not a gusty storm. 


One French chef who manages to wisely 
fuse classic French food with a touch of 
the Far East is Philippe Delacourceile, 
owner ctf Le Oos MoriDons. 

Delacourceile spent five years running 
various French restaurants in Asia, and 
returned to Paris with a changed palate as 
well as a new palette of herbs and spices 
with which to create his gentle alchemy. 

A recent meal there proved that one 
needn’t give up one’s French passport 
because one seasons a traditional pan- 
seared veal chop with ginger and lime, or 
adds citronnelk to a fricassee of sole. 
Quite to the contrary: Delacourceile' s “fu- 
sion” cuisine works because it's rooted in 
the French classics. 

His fresh lobster salad — with sweet 
and Havorful morsels of fresh lobster 
tossed with artichokes, a generous sprin- 
kling of fresh basil, greens and fresh, 
peeled tomatoes — was a delight, and a 
veritable bargain at 75 francs (about S14j. 
I loved as well the evening’s fricassee of 
turbot, a generous filet set on a thick bed 
of wilted spinach, all seasoned with a 
sweet, appealing dtronneDe butter. 

Chocolate lovers will adore his al] -choc- 
olate desserts, including dark chocolate 
infused with jasmine, and marriages of 
chocolate, thyme and citrus zest. As a 
lemon lover, I favored his quenelles fon- 
dantes de citron, basically a lemon tart 
filling shaped tike scoops of sorbet, served 
with Juniper-infused strawberries. 

It's now 21 years since Alain and Nicole 
Dutouroier came north to Paris from 
France's southwest, to find fame and for- 
tune with their country like restaurant Au 
Trou Gascon. 

The food at this temple of southwestern 


French cuisine is as good as ever, showing a 
true sense of maturity and not a grain erf 
boredom. The bargain 1 80-franc lunch and 
dinner menus allow diners to sample some 
of the best products of France's southwest, 
including platters of charcuterie, a stunning 
duck coofiL and either a platter of sheep's 
milk cheese (brebisj, served with a salad, or 
the traditional warm lourtiire landaise. a 
flaky fruit-filled dessert. 

Selections os the k la carte menu show 
chef Jacques Faussat's ability to modernize 
while remaining authentic lo the core: Try 
the sublime combination of arugula salad 
and pan-seared foie gras; a lively lobster 
and asparagus "chaud-froid": a memorable 
black truffle-infused potato puree that ac- 
companies the moist farm chicken; and a 
show-stopping gdteau made up of layers of 
foie gras, truffles and potatoes. 

L'Apparf, 9 Rue du Colisie. Paris 8: tel: 
53.75.16.34. Closed Sunday. Open daily 
starting Sept. 11. Credil cards: Visa, Amer- 
ican Express. 140-franc menu, including 
service and wine. A la carte, ISO to ISO 
francs, including service but not wine. 

Le Clos Morillons, 50 Rue des Morillons . 
Paris 15; id: 48.28.04.37. Closed Saturday 
lunch and Sunday and Aug. 8-21. Credit 
cards: Visa. American Express. Menus at 
160 and 285 francs. A la cane. 200 to 250 
francs, including service but nor wine. 

Au Trou Gascon. 40 Rue Taine, Paris 12; 
tel: 43.44.34.26. Closed Saturday. Sunday : 
August, and one week at Christmas. Credit 
cards: American Express, Diners Club. 
Visa. Menus at 180 and 380 francs, not 
including w 'me. 500 francs, including wine. 
A la carte. 380 to 550 francs, including 
service but not wine. 


T 1 1 A B I § f f I B I 


lUWjjjjM 

Sydney 

Sydn ey Opera House, tel: (2) 250- 
7777. Berlioz's "The Trofara." Di- 
rected by Graeme Murphy, conduct- 
ed by John Fiore. Part I. "The Siege 
of Troy" with Bernadette Cullen. An- 
son Austin/Chrtstopher Doig: July 
21 . 25. 29. Aug. 2. 6. 10. 13 and 18. 
Part II, 'The Trojans at Carthage" 
with Elizabeth Campbell, Kerry Eliza- 
beth Brown, Anson Austin /Chris- 
topher Doto: July 28. Aug. 1. 5. 9. 13. 
17, 20 and 25. 

BRITAIN 

London 

Royal Opera at Covent Garden, tel: 
(71 ) 240-1066. A revival of Puccinfs 
"La FanduHa del West." Originally 
produced by Piero Faggioni. con- 
ducted by Richard Buckley, with 
Gwyneth Jones and Nicola Martinuc- 
d/Ptacido Domingo. July 11, 14. 16. 
20 and 23. 

FRANCE 

■Antibes ‘ 

Vus6e Picasso, tel: 93-34-71-07. 
closed Mondays. To Sep*. 30; “Le 
Regard d'Henriette." From the col- 
lection of art dealer Henrietta Gomes, 
a selection of Surrealist paintings by 
Miro. Tanguy, and Brauner, as well 
as works by Picasso, including a 
"Femme qm Pleure," painted during 
the war. Paintings by Helton. Torres- 
Garciaand Balthus are also induOed. 
Parti 

Centre Georges Pompidou, tel: 44- 
76-12-33, dosed Tuesdays. To Oct. 


3: "Joseph Beuys." A chronological 
presentation ot the works of the con- 
troversial German artist Joseph 
Beuys, including drawings, objects, 
sculptures and more than 70 Installa- 
tions. 

Jen de Paume, tel; 42-60-69-69, 
closed Mondays. To Sept. 11: "Joan 
Mitchell: The Last Years.” Abstract 
and colorful works of the Amertcan- 
bom painter during her last 10 years 
in France, starting with the series “La 
Grande Vallee." painted in Vetheuil 
on the Seine in the earty 1980s. 

GERMANY ~ 

Bonn 

Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle, tel: 
(228) 9171-200. Continuing /To 
Oct. 16: "Europa. Europa: Das Jahr- 
hundert der Avantgarde in MMeP und 
Osteurope." 700 hundred works by 
200 painters and sculptors from the 
former iron Curtain countries. 
Frankfurt 

Schim Kunstfiaffe. tel: (69) 29-96- 
82-11. open daily. Continuing/To 
Aug. 7: “Goethe and the Visual Arts," 
Paintings, drawings, sculptures rang- 
ing from classical Greece and Rome 
to the year of Goethe's death in 1 632. 
including works by Raphael, Ruis- 
dael. LorTain, Constable and Turner, 
document the relationship between 
Goethe and the creative arts. 

ITALY 

Venice 

Palazzo Grass, tel: (41 ) 522-1375. 
Continuinq/To Nov. 6: "ffinasci- 
mento - Da Brunelleschi a Michel- 
angelo: La Rappreseniaztone dell’ 
Architettura.” Features 30 arch it ec- 


C I t S 1 .1 t S t 9 


On July 3:"Orlancto." Oddon The- 
atre. Paris. 

On July 3: "T. F. Simon: Color 
Prints.” Kinsky Palace, Prague. 

On July 7: "Die Schwarzs Stadt an 


der Seidenslrasse: Buddhist ische 
Kunst aus Khara Khoto." Museum 
for I nd ische Kunst Berlin. 

On July 3: “Degas Landscapes." 
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. 


with a jolt by Fi ns tem, to the 
uncharted sub-submicro scopi c 
territory ruled by “quantum 
gravity,” a law that pbyadsts are 
stfll struggling to formulate. 

Each set of rules transcends 
the one before it, “forcing tbe 
Universe to behave as it does,” 
says Thorne. Although his ma- 
terial is formidable there is 
nary an equation in sight, and 
an abundance of drawings and 
sidebars elucidate the- major 
ideas. But this work is not just a 
monograph on the theory of 
general relativity; it is an engag- 
ing and lucid history of black- 
bole research. 

Black boles are a natural con- 


sequence of general relativity, 
which views space-time as a 
flexible mar that a mass, such as 
a star, can bend and fold like 
rubber. More than half a centu- 
ry ago, a few researchers real- 
ized that if a dying star were 
heavy enough, it would collapse 
and collapse, carving a gravita- 
tional pit in the space-time can- 
vas so deep that no bit of tight 
ot matter could ever climb out. 
Kit nearly every enpert then, 
including Einstein, blanched at 
this ou tlandish notion. 

This deep skepticism didn’t 
diminish until the 1960s, when 
relativists took advantage erf 
work linked to nuclear- weapon 
development. Computer cooes, 
nsed to design hydrogen 
bombs, were adapted to mimic 
the implosions of stellar cores, 
and total gravitational collapse 
was shown to be inevitable. The 
noted Princeton theorist John 
A Wheeler helped abit, too: In 
1967, he gave the blade hole its 
distinctive moniker. 

A golden age of black-hole 
studies dawned. A black hole 
was not just a bottomless space- 
time pit; it had personality! 
Thome describes it with style: 
“A black bole should be able to 
spin, and as it spins it should 
create a tornado-like swirling 
motion in tbe curved spacetime 


around itself. Stored in that 
swiri should be enormous ener- 
gies, energies that nature might 
tap and use to power cosmic 
explosions . . . The horizon erf 
the big hole should pulsate in 
and out, just as the surface of 
the Earth pulsates up and down 
after an earthquake, and those 
pulsations should produce 
gravitational waves-npples in 
the curvature of spacetime that 
propagate out through the Uni- 
verse, carrying a symphonic de- 
scription <rf the hole.” 

The most speculative section 
of “Black Holes and Time 
Warps” — and also the most 
fascinating — describes the 
physics of wormholes, shortcuts 
through hyperspace to other 
reaches of the universe. 

“Black Hole and Time 
Warps” is a masterful and in- 
triguing work, an eclectic mix of 
challenging physics, firsthand 
insights and amusing anecdotes 
about the leading figures in 
gravitational research. “May 
real historians forgive me,” he 
writes, “and may nonhistorians 
thank me.” Thank you. Profes- 
sor Thome. 

Marcia Bartusiak, a contrib- 
uting editor of Discover maga- 
zine, wrote this for The Washing- 
ton Post 


WHAT THEY'RE READING 


• Roberto Zangramfi, direc- 
tor of public relations for Hat 
in Germany, is reading the Ital- 
ian translation of Jasper Grif- 
fin’s “S/iobt” 

“It’s a collection of snobbish 
statements in literature and ev- 
eryday life. I just bought it be- 
cause I found it interesting.” 
(Brandon Mitchener, iHT) 


AHSabylMTU 



tural models built during the 1 5th and 
16th centuries. 

JAPAN 

Tokyo 

Hara Museum, tel: (3) 34454)651 . 
open daily. To Aug. 21: “Arakawa: 
Drawings 1961-1974." 36 drawings, 
titled “The Mechanism of Meaning." 
representing the start of the Japa- 
nese-born artist in semiotics. 

NETHERLANDS 

Amsterdam 

Van Gogh Museum, tel. 20- 570-52- 
00. Continuing/To Oct 9: “Van 
Gogh's Sett-Portraits from Paris." 18 
sdl-pori rats painted in Paris In 1 886- 
1887. 

SPAIN 

Madrid 

Museo del Prado, tel. (91 ) 420-28- 
36, dosed Mondays. To July 12: 
"Los Leoni: Escultores del Renaci- 
miento italiano at Servido de la Corte 
de Espana." 27 bronze and marble 
sculptures and 46 medals by the Ital- 
ian sculptors Leone and Pompeo 
Leoni, including several busts of 
Charles V. 

Teatro de la Zarzuela, tel: 429- 


8225. Rossini's “L'ltaliana in Algen." 
Directed by Pier Luigi Pizzi, conduct- 
ed by Alberto Zedda. with Teresa 
Beigartza/Raquel Pierotti. Ruggero 
Raimoncfi and Gregory Kunde. July 
16,18. 21. 23 and 25. 

UNITED STATES 
Maflbu 

The J. Paul Getty Museum, tel: 
(310) 459-76-1 1 . closed Mondays. 
To Sept. 4: “Andre Kertesz: A Cen- 
tennial Tribute.” Traces his 50-year 
career with 50 photographs covering 
his years in his native Hungary, his 
involvement with Paris artists and his 
life in New York after 1936. 

New York 

American Craft Museum, tel: (2121 
956-3535. closed Mondays. To Oct. 
9: "Sauhaus Workshops: 1919- 
1933." Shows how the furniture, 
metalwork, glass, textiles and ceram- 
ics workshops evolved from craft ori- 
entation to laboratories producing 
prototypes for industry. 

Metropolitan Museum of Art. tel: 
(212) 570-3791, dosed Mondays. 
To Sept. 20: "Salvador Dali: The Ear- 
ly Years " 50 paintings, 50 drawings 
and photographs following Dali's ca- 
reer from his early years in Figueras 
and Madrid to the fully-fledged Surre- 
alist. 


By Alan Truscott 

T HE Goldman Pairs Cham- 
pionship runners-up, Lyn- 
da Horn and Marvin Rosenb- 
latt, gained on the diagramed 
deal by overcoming a bad 
trump split in six hearts. When 
the dub king was led, Horn won 
with the ace, led the club jack 
and ruffed out the queen. She 
then cashed the heart ace, un- 
covering the bad break. 

This might seem fatal, but 
she saw that she could survive if 
West had begun with 2-5-3-3 
distribution. She cashed three 
rounds of diamonds, ending in 
the dummy. Then she cashed 
the spade ace, tbe club ten and 

NORTH 
♦ J 

? J 4 
* 10 


WEST 

♦ — 

OQ876 
O — 


EAST 
♦ 10 8 
V — 

0 — 

*98 
SOUTH 
* — 

O K 10 9 

v — 

*3 


the spade king to reach the end- 
ing at left below. 

South now had three roads 
home. She could have ruffed 
something with the heart king 
or led the heart four to the king, 
but chose to ruff a spade with 
the heart nine. In all cases, the 
club three is eventually ruffed 
with the heart jack to make the 
slam. 


NORTH (D) 

* K J 93 
?A J 43 
O A Q 10 9 

*7 

EAST 
* 10 8 7 54 
C 1 — 

0 432 
*98642 
SOUTH 

* A2 

C K 10 9 5 
O K87 

* A J 10 3 


WEST 

♦ Q 6 
<TQ8 762 
O J 65 

* K Q 5 


Neither side was vulnerable. The 


bidding: 

North 

East 

South 

West 

1 <• 

Pass 

1 <? 

Pass 

3? 

Pass 

4N.T. 

Pass 

50 

Pass 


Pass 

Pass 

Pass 



West led the club king. 



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.© New Yori Timex Edited by Will Shortz. 






'Age 12 


* * 



jilDi 


ntain and China 






ttle Transfer of 


ong Kong Bases 


By Kevin Murphy 

International Herald Tnbtme 

HONG KONG — Britain 

•iud C hina settied their long dis- 
pute over the transfer of Hong 
Kong military sites Thursday 
despite Beijing's renewed 
J. reals to dismantle a new con- 
stitutional system just approved 
by the colony's legislature. 

The military lands deal was 
iiuiied by both British and Chi- 
stix negotiators as a break- 
through. It was announced less 
innn 12 hours after a marathon 


Guo Fengmio, described the 
agreement as “one of the most 
important components of the 
transfer of sovereignty.” 
However, Mr. Guo said sev- 
eral features of an agreement on 
Jog’s 


new 


financing Hong 
$203 billion airport required 


further wort He repeated Chi- 
na’s vow to abolish the electoral 
system endorsed by local legis- 
lators late Wednesday. 

Mr. Guo’s stance echoed 
comments made Thursday in 
- UHUUW>W Beijing by a Foreign Ministry 
debate in the Legislative Coun- spokesman, who nonetheless \ 

cil ended in a victory for Gover- welcomed the military lands 
no: Chris Patten in his bid to • „ . „ . . 

make Hong Kong elections ,s aD l ,/ m P Qr * a ,P t • rv -i-v 

rnnre d«n/v^arie achievement resulting from the 

more democratic. join, efforts of both sides,” said 

Shen Guofang, Agence France- 
Presse reported from Beijing. 

“We hope that the British side 
will cooperate with the Chinese 
side on other issues concerning 
the smooth transition of power 

- IT V 


But with political tensions 
still high between Hong Kong's 
current and future landlords 
and few firm deadlines hanging 
over an array of complex issues 
involved in the 1997 change- 
over. a seamless transition ap- 
pears unlikely, local politicians 
an j analysts say. 

“We are fully convinced this 
was the best deal we could 
achieve,” said Hugh Davies, 
Britain’s senior representative 
to ine Chmese-Brilish Joint Li- 
•iis-jn Group. “This is not what 
oosne of us thought could have 
beta the ideal agreement.” he 
added. 

.After seven years of talks, 
Ciiina and Britain agreed that 
14 of 39 military properties in 
Kong Kong would be handed 
over to the Chinese armed 
forces. The others would be re- 
turned to the Hong Kong gov- 
ernment for eventual commer- 
cial development Beijing has 
agreed to use the military lands 
for defense purposes only. 

The Hong Kong government 
sJJ it expected to raise 65 bil- 
j Hong Kong dollars ($8.4 
billion) from the sale of 25 sites, 


in Hong Kong.” 
ritish negotk 


British negotiators have giv- 
en the highest priority to set- 
tling the airport financing im- 
passe and clearing the way for a 
disputed new cargo port, leav- 
ing more complex issues — 
such as determining who in the 
future will qualify as a citizen of 
Hong Kong — for more distant 
discussions. 

“U looks to me as if there’s 
been some secret agreement be- 
tween China and Britain, by 
which China will not make fur- 
ther trouble over economic is- 
sues and that Britain will not 
liberalize Hong Kong any fur- 
ther than the electoral arrange- 
ments that have just been car- 
ried through,” Norman Miners, 
a political scientist at Hong 
Kong University, told Reuters. 

Mr. Patten's decisions to 
block new legislation on a hu- 
man rights commission, a new 
equal opportunity law and a 



U.S. Sets Terms for Pyongyang 

North Could Send Fuel Rods to 3d Country 


By Paul Lewis 

New York Tima Sonic* 

VIENNA ; — The United pounds (30 
Stales wffl ask Nonh Korea to ptutomum, ot moughfor ax or 
surrender some 8.000 plutoni- ». ““dear bombs. Tto is far 

more plutonium, officials Here 



say, than North Korea could 
have acqyj n^ when it closed 
down the «*nic reactor in 1989 . 
and possibly removed some fuel 
rods for reprocessing/ 

The CIA now estimates the • 
reactor was. only shut down for 
about 75 days and not 100 days, 
as5tBrst thought. And in teal 
rifiift , experts here doubt wheth- 
er North Korea could have 
changed all the fuel rods, which 
were tb™ thought to have con- 
tained a total of about 18.7 
pounds of plutonium. 

As a result, exports now think 

that , at worst. North Korea 


an official said, adding, “The 
destiny of the fuel rods, there- 
fore, is more important then 
their ancestry.” 

By removing the reactor fuel 
rods earlier this year, North 
Korea made it difficult for the 
atomic energy agency to discov- 
er mfaat happened in 1989. And 
the agency s other dem an d s for 
the Geneva talks are expected 
to j jre^bidg access to two secret 

nuclear waste sites. 


tun-bearing reactor fuel rods to 
a third country such as Rusia 
or China, or entomb than in- 
definitely in concrete as part of 
any settlement to the 
over its nuclear program. 

Any country receiving the 
spent reactor fuel -would be ex- 
pected to re pro oe ss it and store 
the extracted plutonium under 
the control of the International 
Atomic Energy Agency, thus 
ensuring North Korea does not 
use it for nuclear weapons. 

This plan for exporting or 
burying North Korea’s reactor 
rods, diplomats and officials of 
the agency say, will be one of a 
nmnberof 
States 

week’s Geneva meeting with 

will set out teems for settling the SEOUL: 2 Korea* Still Haggling 

quarrel over whether Pyong- 
yang is secretly building atomic ' Conttaued from Page 1 transparency,” tbe South Kore- 

weapons. . bridge their fundamental, and an prime minister, Lee Yung 

Other conditions are expect- probably irreconcilable, differ- ‘ Duk, told legislators Wednes- 
ed to indude a demand for in- esp ecially over the cm- ® — -1 



Mtwy day. wm ltw vi u _ ■ - - - * « . . ■ 

erofproposalsthe United only obtained 
is Hkdy to make at next um for a single bomb, tbe real 


A diplomat said the sugges- 
tion to take the fuel rods to 
another country was one of sev- 
eral ideas being discussed. But 
he added that preliminary con- 
tacts with China suggested thal 
pi-tjmg might be reluctant to 
accept them. . . 



tarnation al inspectors to con- 
tinue mo ni to rin g the fud rods 
until they are p ermanently dis- 
posed erf i 


Chan/ T7v A-mxuktI Prvv 


A soldier fokfing the Union Jack after a daily flag-lowering ceremony in Hong Kong. 


./—ny m prime commercial and freedom of information act 
.-•Sciential areas, when British have been cited by his critics as 


forces leave in 1997. 

. >.s part of the deal Hong 
fvr-r.g will build a new 5500 mil- 
iicn naval base to replace an 
.;Js!ing facility in a waterfront 
v.'ci that includes some of the 
v.cdd’s most expensive real es~ 


"We must hope that the 
crcckthrough on defense lands 
.rill create the basis for similar 
incisive progress elsewhere on 
i agenda at future meetings,” 
Davies said. 

China’s senior negotiator, 


new reluctance to tackk Beijing 
on controversial political issues. 

"Where an issue is really fun- 
damental, very important the 
community is prepared to back 
us and that by and laige is what 
they have done over the issue of 
electoral arrangements,” Mr. 
Patten said recently. 

“There are other issues that, 
if we were to dig trenches and 
seek to fight a battle, the com- 
munity would seriously ques- 
tion whether our view of priori- 
ties was correct," he added. 


Colony’s Textbooks Delete Mild References 
To Beijing Massacre, and Teachers Protest 


Reuters 

HONG KONG — Hong Kong’s Educa- 
tion Department has deleted references to the 
1989 Beijing massacre of democracy activists 
from a school history textbook, drawing pro- 
tests from teachers on Thursday. 

The offending passage of just 30 to 40 
words obliquely referred to the massacre fol- 
lowing student protests centering on Tianan- 
men Square as an “interference” and the 
“June 4 matter,” said Chin Chi-shing, vice 
president erf the Hong Kong Professional 
Teachers Union. 

Bat the Education Department overreacted 
by removing the entire passage from text- 
books to be used in the curriculum for 13- and 
14-year-olds, he said. 

Hong Kong's director of education, Domi- 
nic Wong, said in a statement that events of 


the last 20 years occurred too recently to have 
been subjected to proper historical analysis. 


“Twenty years is considered to be a reason- 
able minimum period,” he said. 


But Mr. ChiU Said the language 

textbook does mention other events of the last 
20 years, including a recent visit by China's 
paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, to Guang- 
dong Province, neighboring Hong Kong. 


Mr. Chin said “we strongly object” to Mr. 
Wong’s “interference.” “No professionals 
support him. We think that he is too sensitive 
to the June 4 matters.” 


Hong Kong’s media is already being ao- 
cused of self -censorship — afraid to write 
articles upsetting China before the British 
colony reverts to Chinese rule in 1997. 


and for North 
eventually to make its nuclear 
program totally transparent. 
This is what South Africa did 
after it confessed to building 
several atomic bombs and 
agreed to sign the treaty to stop 
the spread of nuclear weapons. 
" The United States has asked 

list cf*^the wnditois North 
Korea must meet to fulfill its 

o bligatio n s the twarty and 

become a member of the agency 
in good standing 

At Geneva, the U.S. team 
will really be negotiating on be- 
half of theagencywhen.it press- 
es North Korea to give up its 
military midear program, be- 
cause the agency is charged 
with ensuring that countries 
that sign the treaty also respect 
its provisions. 

On the other hand, it is up to 
the Clinton administration to 
decide what it can realistically 


rial issue of the North’s secre- 
tive nuclear program. 

According to Yang Sung 
Ch oi, a political sdenoe profes- 
sor and a.leading authority on 
North Korea, the baric problem 
boils down to tins; “South Ko- 
rea wants unclear transparency. . 
North Korea wants to maintain 
nuclear ambiguity.” 

While there is same debate 
here over how hard Kim Young . 
Sam should press for answers-, 
on the Norm's nudear pro- 
gram, it seems dear that he can- 
not avoid asking the aged Com- 
munist dictator whether his 
country has an atomic bomb. If 
the answer is “no,” a presiden- 
tial aide said, the South Korean 
leader will then try to persuade 
Kim n Sung to verify it by 
agreeing to mutual inspections 
that would reveal Pyongyang's 
past nudear activity. 

“The government will seek to 
secure the North's nuclear 


day. Seoul especially wants to 
know what happened when 
North Korea shut down its 5- 
megawatt nudear research re- 
actor in. 1989 and extracted the 
spent fuel rods. 

“If the crucial North Korean M 
nudear. issue, cannot be re- r 
solved,” The Korea Times said 
in an editorial Thursday, “the 
resumption of inter-Korean di- 






alojpie is meaningless.’ 



North Korea, however, 
freezing its current nudear pro- 
gram is one thing , but revealing 
its “nudear past* is another. In 
fact, Mr. Yang said, the very 
idea is anathema for a leader- 
ship that bases its survival on 
keeping tbe country dosed to 
the outside world and thal 
views nudear transparency as a 
threat to national defense. 

Ambiguity about tbe bomb 
allows North Korea, to deal 
with South Korea from a. posi- 
tion of strength, notably when 
the talk taros to reunification. 


", — 


decade what it can realistically t a ni t\t 
expect North Korea to accept j f\ l /\ IHi 
as well as what incentives, in the w 


as well as what incentives, i_ — _ 

form of economic and political fjWJTTMCS United 
inducements, it should offer 


North Korea in return for coop- 
erating with the agency. 

Tbe em phasis the agency and 
the United States axe now plac- 
ing on securing tbe future of the 
fuel rods removed in June from 
North Korea’s research reactor 
in defiance of agency orders re- 


Confiuned from Page 1 


fom Streets to School, a Rude Awakening for Gaza Youth 


By Joel Greenberg 

New York Tima Serrice 

GAZA CITY — Aiman Radi gave 
early. Unable to complete his nigh 
: vhool graduation exam in algebra, he 
.mr.ded it in and left the classroom at 
:he Cairo School for Boys in Gaza 
City. 


"I turned in a blank page,” he said, 
•is face frozen in disbelief. “We missed 


x. school days this year. 

Gaza’s high school seniors, part of a 


generation that led an uprising against 
Israeli occupation for more than six 
years, are experiencing an abrupt 
uv-'akening as they take these ail-lm- 
>3 riant exams, this time under the eye 
of Palestinian police officers who ar- 
rived here in April with the start of 
-clf-rule. 

Hardened street leaders and youths 
’•ho left school to throw stones at 
. ;raeli soldiers are now struggling to 
r.vake up for lost time. 

Defying their elders and basking in 


an aura of heroism, they had seized 
authority during the uprising, enforc- 
ing strikes and work boycotts and 
leading mass protests. In schools, 
young toughs had intimidated teach- 
ers, ordering pupils out for demonstra- 
tions and organizing rampant cheating 
during the graduation tests to erase the 
cost of lost studies. 

The teachers, fellow Palestinians 
employed by the Israeli authorities, 
were powerless as they watched class- 
room standards erode. ■ 

Now, with the rebellion against Is- 
raeli authority over, there are signs 
that the generational revolt in Gaza 
may also be receding. The year-end 
examinations have become a proring 
ground for a reassertion of traditional 
controls. The trend has bear bolstered 
by the police and by a general support 
for the Palestinian self-governing au- 
thority, which is Tunning this year’s 
exams. 

Policemen have been stationed at 
school entrances and in hallways, and 


results have come swiftly. The chaotic 
scenes of the uprising, in which stu- 
dents passed around answer sheets as 
teachers stood by helplessly, have been 
replaced by strict order. Teachers con- 
trol thf.nanrin»tim halls an d f heating 
has been significantly reduced. 


lious students and Israeli soldiers, and 
teachers were afraid of masked activ- 
ists. Both teachers and students lacked 
motivation. Now, control is concen- 
trated in the hand of the National 
Authority, which gives power to .the 
teachers to work as they should.” 


About 12,000 high school seniors in Mahmud Sheer, a teacher monitor- 


tbe Gaza Strip are being tested on a ^ CTafm at the Cairo School, said 

range of subjects, including Arabic fgjt safer. “The occupation did not 

and Islam, Mrtory, geography, math, protect teachers/ ‘ ----- 


he said. “Now the 
ational Authority gives protection, 
and the leathers have backing.” 


biology, physics and chemistry. While 
the exams are generally going smooth- 
ly, there have been some exceptions. 

Ac the Palestine School, a confronts- 

dosed for days and even weeks at a 
time, shutdowns that added up to from 


Many students now express remorse 
over the loss of classroom time during 


thal the tests were too difficult and 
that the officers had not allowed them 
to cfaeaL The policemen fired shots in 
the air to disperse the pupils, some of 
whom reportedly threw stones. 

“Slowly, we will restore our author- 
ity," said Mohammed Jidy, the direc- 
tor erf educatio n in Gaza. “In the past 
there was friction between the rebel- 


one-third to nearly half the school 
year. 

Often, it was the army that shut 
schools, as punishment for violent stu- 
dent protests and as a part of general 
curfews. But classes were also para- 
lyzed by Palestinian strikes and dem- 


onstrations. Many students were ar- 
rested, losing still more school days. . 

“It was a mistake to wage the strag- 
gle at the expense of education, and 
now students are paying the price," 
said Omar Hilo, 18, a -senior at the 
Carmel School in Gaza. “Stones axe 
not the only meads for straggle. I can 
fight tbe Jews with my education.” 

Ala a-Din Shurafa, another 18-year- 
old senior? said the uprising had left 
him with an education at the sixth- 
grade level. “When I saw my situation 
during the exam, I blamed myself for 
serving my country but forgetting 
about my schooling,” he said. “The 
schools were destroyed. It was wrong.” 

But other youths argued that there 
were more pressing needs at the time. 

“Freedom is more important than 
education,” stud Khairi Abn Khar, a 
former fugitive from the Israeli au- 
thorities who recently- completed a 
four-month prison term and is taking 
the exams. “Our lives woe at risk, 
people were bong ktQed and wound- 
ed.” 


ARAFAT: Return of a Symbol 


Continued from Page 1 


v/ithout a celebrated returnee, 
i hey were exiled and scattered 
through the Arab states and 
elsewhere, and many never be- 
lieved they could go home 
i-^ain. 

Israel has long stood fast 
against the right of return for 
Palestinian refugees. The peace 
accord may end hopes of many 
that they can actually reclaim 
iu.ids inside Israel lost in 1948. 

3ut it has also unleashed a 
torrent of hope among PaJestin- 
isr.s inside the territories that at 
iiast some people can return 
Jrcia exile. After years of de- 
-.pair that they would get any- 
thing tangible from peace, this 
'-.ope appears to be one of the 
pillars helping to sustain the 
-e: cement, according to many 
'-alcstinians here and in the 
‘.Vest Bank. 

The infusion of 4,000 Pales- 
tinian soldiers, many of whom 
had not set foot in Gaza and the 
West Bank since 1967, if ever, 
was a potent symbol of return. 
So was the repatriation of well- 
/■mown Palestinian activists like 
Mohammed Dahalan and Jibril 
Rijoub, both expelled by Israel 
•but now' Mr. A mat's wp secu- 
rity men in Gaza and Jericho. 

And then there is the legend 
bong spun about the return of 
General Musbah Saker, a fight- 
er who Israel thought hud been 
killed in 1967 but who recently 
showed up alive in Gaza when 
he was named to a top secret 
police job Ity MT; Afl fe 1- . 

' Rashid Khfllidi, director of 


the Center of Middle Easton 
Studies at the University of 
Chicago, has written that only 


by understanding the centrality 
Lasiropbe of “politi- 


of the catasxrop; 
cide” and expulsion that befell 
the Palestinian people in 1948 is 
it possible to understand the 
Pales tinians sense of the right 
of return. 

Now, Mr. Arafat’s own re- 
turn from exile is another sym- 
bol of hope for Palestinians in 
the West Bank and Gaza. 

But among Palestinians, 
much of tbe anticipation about 
his visit is focused not on the 
slow start of self-rale, or the 
problems left over from the Is- 
raeli occupation. 

Rather, it is centered on sim- 
ple emotions about coating 
home, about the end of exile, 
and about Palestinian national 
identity. 

Mr. Arafat's lieutenants in 
Gaza scrambled Thursday to 
make preparations for his arriv- 
al- At the former headquarters 
of the Isradi military governor, 
soldiers shimmied up poles to 
put out a haphazard row of Pal- 
estinian flags from the portals 
where Mr. Arafat is expected to 
deliver a speech. 

Nabil Shaath, the PLO nego- 
tiator with Israel told reporters 
in Cairo that Mr. Arafat had 
advanced his trip in response to 
a complaint from one of Israel’s 
two chief rabbis that a Saturday 
visit would force Israeli soldiers 
to violate the Jewish sabbath by 
doing guard duty. 


CBS: 

Merger Near 

Cammed from Page 1 


CLINTON: Whitewater Prosecutor Sees No Suicide Tie 


the Liberal Democrat named to 
head the Defense Agency, .was a/ 
leader of the rightist students in 
the 1960s when leftists were 
protesting the U^. -Japan Secu- 
rity Treaty. Asked today wheth- 
er he was a dove, Mr. Ta~ 
mazawa replied,- “I consider 
myself a Japanese.” - ■ 

Morihiro Hosokawa, who 
was the first prime minister in 
38 years who was not from the 
Liberal Democratic Party, had 
tried to shake up the formation 
of the cabinet by giving seats to 
two people who were not mem- , 
bers of Parliament. He also ap- 
pointed three women to posts. ’ ; 

The Mnrayama cabinet is- 
more traditional in look and 
formation. Jobs were appor- 
tioned to the various parties, 
and to the various factions 
within the liberal Democratic 
Party, according to their num- 
bers. In all the liberal Demo- 
crats hold 13 seats, the Social 
Democrats 6, including the 
prime minister, and tbe Harbin- 
ger Party, 2. 

- There is only one woman, 
Makflco Tanaka, daughter of 
Kaknd Tanaka, the late prime 
minister who was disgraced for 
taking bribes from Lockheed 
Corp. Ms. Tanaka was named 
director-general of the Science 
and Technology Agency. ■ 
Many of the appointments 
went to people who Wd played 
an active rede, in forging .the 
partnership between the Social- 
ists and liberal Democrats,' or 
in badgering the fanner, ruling 


Mm^nia’sCalHiiet 

TOKYO {Reuters) — 
Following is Prime Minis- 

. li .1. 


ter TomOcfai Murayama’s 
new coalition cabinet. 
(Note: S-Socialist, Lr Liber- 
al Democratic Party, N- 


Prime. Minister, TanSm Mur- 
‘ ajnma ($); Deputy Prime minister 
and for rim minbl gr. Yoba Kooo 
(L); Chia Cabinet Secretary, Razo 
Iginrin (S)j Amcota n e. For e stry 
wad Fubcxies, Taidriro Okswraa 
4Uf Qmstroctkxi. Koken Nonica 
(S); EdnCataon, Kaara Yonoo (L): 
Finance, Masayoshi Takemura 
<Nk • 

Health and Wcffare, Sbdchi Ide 
(N); Home Affairs, Hiram Non- 
aka (L); Int e rn a t ional Trade and 
Industry, Ryntaro Hashlmoto (L); 


Justice. Isao Maeda (L); Labor, 
Foals and 


Hagynn pto (Sfc 

Shan Oide 
.(5k "nampaT, SSnakaKamd (LV 



M a whifco Kouana (L); Envinm- 

man, Snhwn j (I J; Hnlflfm' - 

do/Okmawa Dcwdopmait, Sada- 
' ftahi OzaZO (Lk Mim w mm t and 
Coordination, Tanoo ‘VarHagndii . 
(5k National Land. Ktyorin Ozawa 
(L); Science and Tedmotogy, Ma- 
kfleo Tanaka (L). • 




Kty Ahei 


III Vi 




REFORMS: 

JapanBeicildered 




CoUwrit from Page 1 

might use their new- 
power to pursue old alle- 
gations of corruption against 
reform leaders Hkc Mr. Ozawa, 
a former liberal Democratic 
heavywei^L . 

Then, u the public should 
tnm disillus io ned with reform, 
the gover nm ent might be able 
to sraittte or delay 


Ki , • ' 


< 2 ; 




v '*w 1 . 


management control 
of CBS would be a major coup. 
He built the Fox television net- 
work at a time when it was 
considered unrealistic. 

While he has attempted to 
expand QVC, it was always 
dear that he intended to run a 
linger and more mainstream 
operation. CBS, now the lead- 
ing network in ratings, certainly 
fulfills that requirement, 
though it now pits his skills 
against those of the Fox net- 
weak, the power he created. 

Mr. Tisch, 71, has 
denied that he will sell 
The arrangement now being 
discussed would leave him with 
a major stake in tbe combined 
company, but allow him to walk 

off with a hefty profit, includ- 
ing roughly $528 million in 

cwsh. 

He owns about 20 percent of 


CoBtsaied from Page 1 
these meeting constitutes a 
breach of ethical rules or stan- 
dards.” 

The report was welcomed by 
the White House, where offi- 
cials have tried to dispel the 
public perception that they 
tried to meddle in the 
Whitewater-related savings and 
loan case. 

The White House special 
counsel. Lloyd N. Cutler, said 
administration officials were 
“pleased by the independent 
co unsel' s conclusion that no in- 
dictments will be sought relat- 
ing to the so-called White 
House-Treasury contacts.” 

He said: “While some of 
these contacts may have been 
inadvisable in hindsight, they 
violated no law." 

Commenting on the finding 
that Mr. Foster committed sui- 


Prestident Bin Clinton and his 
wife when Mr. Clinton, was gov- 
ernor of Arkansas. 

Mr. Fiske, who called more 
than a dozen White House and 
Treasury officials before 


Washington grand jury investi- 

paffnp ihc « 


gating me contacts, raid court 
secrecy rules prevent him from 
making a full public report. 

However, the conclusion of 
his probe clears the way for 
Congress to begin its own hear- 
ings later tins month into the 
so-called Washington phase of 
the Whitewater affair, which 
are certain to focus on the large 
number of previously undis- 
closed contacts. 

In addition, TYeasuiy Secre- 
tary Lloyd Bentscn said Thurs- 
day that now that Mr. Fiske has 
concluded his probe, the Trea- 
sury inspector general and the 
Office of Government Ethics 
would begin their own investi- 
gations. 

Mr, Fiske released, a 38-page 


Mr. Fiske said he is in tbe final 
stages of ah investigation into 
the way Mr. Fosters docu- 
ments were handled by White 
House aides after his death. 

Mr. Fiske’s staff interviewed 
Mr. Foster’s friends, family and 
professional contacts about his 
frame of mind. The report 
paints tbe picture of a man who 
felt tbe sterling reputation he 
bad built as a lawyer in Little 
Rock, Arkansas, was being tar- 
mshed in Washington. 

He worried that scathing edi- 
toriak about him in the WaH 
Street Journal were being read 
bade in Arkansas, and felt be 
could not gp home in disgrace 

In the weeks before his death 
Mr. Foster became “obsessed” 
with public criticism tbe Clin- 
ton .administration was receiv- 
ing for firing seven bureaucrats 
in the White House travel office 
and calling for an FBI investi- 
gation of mdr accounting prac- 
tices. 


M* Mf WW M Ml #. IUV IVDIUML illiUlIL ." , , - iCViliip - 

coalition headed by 'I'iutomo “* .« V* enteral system that 

was undated earlier thfo .year. 


: L‘ 


Hata, who was forced to tesign ™ mraaiea eartex Hus year. 
Saturday when it became dear , oianges estabtish smgle- 
hewoiddIoMftbonfiHi-n«»vn» number parluunehtwy dis- 

triefs, winch create an ince n tive 


he would lose a confidence vote. 

One appointment that could 
lead to a dash is that erf Mr. 
Takemura as finance minister. 
Japan’s government has prom- 
ised to cut income taxes ter stim- 
ulate its economy, a move 
sought by the United States as 
well as by Japanese corpora- 
tions. The Finance Mmi&ry be- 
lieves that the lost revenues 
from the incxnne tax reduction 
should be made op by increas- 
ing tbe sales tax. 

But the Socialists are against 
a sales tax increase became it 
hurts the lower income 


far two or mare parties to com- 
pete based on poBdes and 
ideas, as exposed to the present 
system of multimember dis- 
tricts, winch is widely Named 
for the “money poEtitcs” prac- 
ticed by tee Liberal Democrats. 


CarfUad by (hr Staff From . 

CAPE TOWN, South Africa 


turns toe lower income people 


million. 

CBS has recently lost affili- 
ates to Rupert Murdoch’s News 
Coro., the parent company of 
the r ox network. 

If the deal is completed, CBS 
shareholders would own 51 per- 
cent of the merged entity, and 
QVC shareholders would own 
the balance. It would be suWed 
to shareholder vote as wen as 
approval by the Federal Com- 
mimkations Commission. 


cide, Mr. Cutler said: “Tins 
should put to rest tee vrespon- 

He owns about 20 percent of ^ye speculations — many of report of Foster’s death last 

the CBS stock. The current val- them potiticaDy motivated — July 20 that concluded the dep^ T m p i . . » . , 

ue of his shares is about 5950 tha t something more sinister uty White House counsel was * Fa KW t aiHS injured 

oaaured. WTW these m- depressed, and agiuhed ws In StTOIlfi Earthauake 
nxnmongexs and the media that involving the White & 

published thdr rumors will now House travel office and Ms own 
leave the Foster family in portrayal in the press. He said 
peace.” Mr. Foster died in the maimer 

The report comes as Mr. authorities originally Goodwi- 
ll is winding up the Wash- ed,inaVuguuapazkafaasdf- 
inp»nn plow ofTns inquiry and inflicted gu nsho t wound, 
turning his full attention to the The special counsel found no 
A rkansas {tease, wbidi will fo- evidence that concerns about 
cus on the Whitewater real-es- 
tate investment and other busi- 
dealings involving 


m Mr. Hosokawa’s cabinet, had 
objected to Mr. Hosokawa’s de- 
cision to raise co n s u mp tion tax- 
es. Their spliton teat issue was 
tee begnmng of the nature be- 
tween the two former allies. 

To day, Mr.. Takemura ex- 
pressed his opposition to rais- 
ing sales taxes, 
government 


sift £ 


ness 


Whitewater contributed to Mr. 
Foster’s depression. In a state- 
ment released with the report. 


The Aaockaed Press 

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — 
A strong earthquake shook 
northern Pakistani Thursday, 
injuring at least 17 people, au- 
thorities repeated. 

The tremor, centered in the 
Hindu Kush mountains wberc 
northwest Pakistan meets 
northeast Afghanistan, had a 
preliminary magnitude of 6.2. 


rotting government spending to 

compensate for the income tax: 
CUL 


wiQ be moved from a prison to a 
m en t al institution, the govem- 
ment announced Thursday. . 

Dimitrio Tsafendas,now 76. 
killed Mr. Vearwoerd onSqpt. 6, 
1966. conrtrukd be was in- 
sane and ordered l«m to be dc- 
teat the ^rained m prison. Mr. Vriwberd 
first lode at was prime minister frnra^l 958 




tinlfi htt death, 

tiste ife grt renehp^T 'i 

,ptHt5tiintiCHtaIly: 



TO OUR READBS 


, You can receive the IHT hemef deliver^ 

to your home or office on ihe^ay of 
Just call toll-free: 0660-81 55 

or fax: 06069-175413 


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v-i 




BUSIN 





Internatimd Herald Tribune, Friday ; July 1 , JPP4 


Fage 13 



■ THE TRIB INDEX: 11 1, 42# 

• 280 I nctex ©, composed of 

■ * compnad 


Mergers Coming Down the Line 

Burlington Sets a Deal A Cellular Phone link 





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Close: 11042 Pibv^ 11.146 



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102 


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ApfKtec weiring: 5% 
Cfosa: tosm Fiw.:111.3Z 


. FORT WORTH, Texas — 
Burlington Northern Inc. and 
Santa Fe Padfic Carp, said 
Thursday ..that they had 
agreed to merge in a transac- 
tion valued at $4.2 bffiion 

The deal would create the 
biggest railroad company in 
the United States, with tracks 
blanketing the country west of 
the Mississippi River. The 
proposed union must be ap- 
proved by the interstate Com- 
merce Commission and share- 
holders of both companies- 
- Santa Fe shareholders 
would receive 0.27 of a Bur- 
lington Northern share for ev- 
ery Santa Fe share and one 
share of Santa Fe Pacific Gold 
Carp, for every 1.7 Santa Fe 
■Pacific Corp. shares. 

■ Burlington Northern, based 
in Fort Worth, Texas, already 
is America’s largest railroad 
and specializes in hauling 
grain, coal, cars and timber. 

Santa Fe, based in Schaum- 
burg, Illinois, is a pioneer in 
mtennodal shipping, which 
involves hmimg merchandise 
in stackable containers. The 
combined company, to be 
called Burlington Northern 
Santa Fe Corp-, would en- 
compass a network of more 


than 31,000 miles of track and 
.dwarf the nexi-largcst net- 
work, owned by Union Padfic 
Corp. with its 18,000 miles. 

GexaM Gxinstean, dhainnan 
and chief executive of Bur- 
lington Northern, will be 
chairman of the merged com- 
pany. Robot Krebs, chair- 
man and chid executive of 
Santa Fe, win be chief execu- 
tive and president. The rail- 
roads will operate separately 
as the Burlington Northern 
and the Santa re Railway Co. 

“This merger will create a 
strong, new rail carrier with a 
diversified traffic base and ex- 
cellent financial prospects,” 
Mr. Krebs said. 

Mr. Grinstem said the two 
fines were largely separate, 
which was likely to speed gov- 
ernment approval erf the pact. 

The companies have not de- 
cided where the headquarters 
of the merged company would 
be and had no estimates of the 
number of employees that 
might be affected by the 
move, Linda Gustis, a Santa 
Fe spokeswoman, said. 

The two companies will 
continue to operate separately 
while regulators are reviewing 
the merger. (Bloomberg, AP) 


WASHINGTON — Nynex 
Crap, and Bell Atlantic Corp. 
said Thursday they would 
merge their cellular telephone 
operations, creating a system 
that would stretch down the 
American East Coast from 
Maine to South Carolina. 

They did not disclose terms. 

The combination allows the 
two regional Bell operating 
companies to take on deep- 
pocketed players in the cellu- 
lar business, such as MCI 
Communications Corp., Nex- 
tel Communications Inc., 
AT&T Corp. and McCaw 
Cellular Communications 
Inc. 

“This new company will fo- 
cus on the development and 
deployment of ‘anytimo-any- 
w here* capabilities across a 
broad market area,” said Ray 
Smith, chairman of Bell At- 
lantic. 

For customers, the deal is 
likely to accelerate price com- 
petition for making cellular 
calls over long distances, 
which now cost SI a minute 
and more. In addition, cus- 
tomers also are likely to get 
access to more calling features 
like voice mail and call for- 
warding as the competition 


intensifies to provide ad- 
vanced network services aver 
cellular systems- 

The combined company 
would have revenue of 
$1.2 billion, 1.8 million cus- 
tomers and 4,250 employees. 
Its service area will cover 55 
milli on people and will in- 
clude seven of the country’s 
top 20 markets. 

Bdl Atlantic wifi own 6235 
percent of the new company 
and Nynex will get the rest, a 
division reflecting the relative 
sizes erf their cellular units. 

Bell Atlantic and Nynex 
have been jointly operating a 
cellular system in the New 
York City area for 10 years. 
That system has the potential 
to reach 15 million customers. 

The deal comes as AT&T 
awaits regulatory approval to 
buy McCaw Cellular. 

At issue is the ultimate 
ownership of some cellular 
operations that McCaw — the 
country’s biggest celhilar- tele- 
phone company — co-owns 
with regional Bells. 

Under a 1982 consent de- 
cree that broke up the Bell 
Systran, AT&T is barred from 
acquiring assets owned by 
Bel) companies. 

(AP, NYT) 


U.S. Slaps China 
In Trade Feud, 
Delays on Japan 


Compiled by Oar Staff from Dispatches 

WASHINGTON — The 
government targeted China for 
posable trade sanctions Thurs- 
day in a dispute over allegations 
that Beijing bad failed to prop- 
erly protect U.S. patents and 



M J 
IBM 


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J F M A M J J F M A M J 
1994 1993 IBM 

World tadne 

The M ox hacks US- doker values at stocks arc Tokyo, Now Yortc, London, and 
Argwrino, Aimnfla, Austria, Btfgknn. Brad, Crate,. ctdta, Dwumrfc, Finland, 
Francs. Germany, Hong Kong, My, Mndca, m urt md i . New Tutenif. Norway, 
Sfngapom. Spain, Sweden, Strftenfanrf end Vnmeoet*. Far Tdkyo. Nm York end 
London, the index fc composed of too 2D top beaea In hens at market cnr dat rat kx\ 
ottmvme foe ton top stocks ere tracked 


Industrial Sectors 


OECD: Economic Growth Still at Risk 


106.99 107.94 -QJB ERpMfrttds 
119.15 119.64 -041 RMlMntate 


"•HUB 112.74 -0-7B 
12103 124.16 -091 


Rnmn 11796 118.19 -Wff CwaranBretwta SIBL 9627 -046 


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122.13 12200 -038 


For mom kdormaSon about Bib Max, abaOkUisavaiaMBfrsacfch&gs. 

Write to TribbeieK 181 AMoaeCiiaiiasde Gadle, 32521 Net&y Codex. Fn&nce. 

O International HeraUTttaJna 


By Carl Gewirtz 

Imematwmd Herald Tribute 

PARIS — Although economic growth, 
particularly in Continental Europe, is 
gathering strength, policymakers in the in- 
dustrialized nations were warned Thurs- 
day against becoming complacent, partic- 
ularly because European unemployment 
wifi continue to rise in the next 1 8 months. 

Even this modestly upbeat assessment is 
clouded by the sharp rises in long-term 
interest rates, the Organization for Eco- 
nomic Cooperation and Development not- 
ed in its semiannual Economic Outlook. 
These threaten growth prospects, especial- 
ly in France, Italy and some of the smaller 
European countries as well as Canada, the 
Paris-based economic forum said. 


Commenting on the agitation in curren- 
cy markets, Kamiharu Shigebara, the 
OECD’s chief economist, further warned 
that the yen’s appreciation risks weakening 
growth prospects in Japan, while the dol- 
lar’s fall risks fueling U.S. inflation. 

He called for “more effective articula- 
tion of dear co m mi tm ents to sound public 
finances and price stability and, where 
necessary, decisive corrective actions” to 
stabilize market expectations. 

“Recovery must be sustained,” the re- 
port said. Growth needs to be higher than 
the 2.6 percent average over the 

past two decades if the OECD economies 
“are again to become high -employment 
societies with steadily rising national living 
standards.” 


Its predictions are for overall growth of 
2.6 percent this year and 2.9 percent in 
1995, up from 13 percent last year. 

Despite substantial upward revisions to 
Continental growth prospects from assess- 
ments made just a month ago, the OECD 
projects European unemployment will 
continue to rise over the coming 18 months 
to 22.6 million, or 1 1.8 percent of the labor 
force, by end-1995 from the 22.4 million 
projected for this year. 

The OECD expects short-tram rates in 


Europe to continue declining. Three- 
month Goman rales, currently 5 percent, 
are forecast to be 4.6 percent by year-end 


See GROWTH, Page 14 


But the adminis tration de- 
layed for 30 days any action 
against Japan in a separate 
trade dispute involving that 
country’s public procurement 
practices. 

U.S. Trade Representative 
Mickey Kan tor announced the 
decision, saying the delay in the 
Japanese case was warranted be- 
cause a new prime minister had 
just assumed office in Japan. 

The announcement on Japan, 
which had already received an 
earlier extension of the dead- 
line, reflected a change in ap- 
proach by the administration, 
which in recent days has soft- 
ened its rhetoric in an effort to 
calm jittery currency markets 
where the dollar has fallen to 
new lows against the yen. 

But in regard to China, Mr. 
Kantor said the administration 
would immediately ]*n pch an. 
investigation into allegations 
that Chm* had failed to proper- 
ly protect U.S. patents and 
copyrights. 

US. businesses have con- 
tended that copyright piracy in 
China is costing them $800 mil- 
lion in lost sales annually. 

With the decision to launch a 
special investigation, the clock 
starts running on posable trade 
sanctions if the two countries 
cannot satisfactorily resolve the 
dispute over the next few 
months. 

In Beijing on Thursday, Chi- 
na lashed out at the U S. deri- 
sion even before it was an- 
nounced. A Foreign Ministry 
spokesman described the U3. 
move to investigate its copy- 
right violations as “irrational” 
and threatened unspecified re- 
taliation. 


Sben Guofang, the spokes- 
man, said that the move would 
harm economic and trade ties. 

“The U.S. government must 
be held responsible for all the 
consequences arising there- 


Root of Crisis: 
It’s the Yen, 

Not die Dollar 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatcha 

WASHINGTON —The 
dramatic movements in the 
currency markets that have 
lifted the yen to record 
highs against the dollar 
constitute a yen crisis, rath- 
er than a dollar crisis, some 
senior U.S. officials and 
private analysts contend. 

They say that the yen is 
being pushed upward by 
Japan's continuing large 
trade surplus to a level that 
is causing serious discom- 
fort for Japanese industry. 
This view, which stresses 
Japan’s structural prob- 
lems rather than those of 
the United States; is one 
reason the U.S. Federal Re- 
serve and the Treasury have 
resisted calls to raise U.S. 
interest rates to shore up 
the dollar. 

Officials say the problem 
lies not with the dollar but 
with the yen. Analysts add 
that Japan is piling up huge 
amounts of foreign ex- 
change that are not bring 
recycled to the rest of the 
world by increases in Japa- 

See YEN, Page 14 


from,” he said. He did not elab- 
orate or say whether China 
would respond in kind to U.S. 
sanctions. 

(AP, Knighl-Ridder, WP, AFP) 


thlwldiig Ahead /Commentary 

The Bureaucrats Come Into Their Own 


NEWS EVENTS WHICH COULD AFFECT 
YOUR LIFE: 


By Repaid Dale 

hunatioml fferaht Tribute 

W ASHINGTON — The lead- 
ership of the industrial 
world is suddenly footing 
even more shaky. Japan has 
just appointed its fourth prune minister 
in a year and is headed for a long period 


erf political instability. 

The European Union has made a spec- 
tacular mess of appointing -a new presi- 
dent of the European Gomaiisstoa, and 
is obviously desperately short of the vi- 
sion needed to revive the European idea 
and urate the Continent 
In the United States, the latest polls 
show an increasing number of Ameri- 
cans viewing Prerident Bill Clinton as 
weak mid indecisive. And lack of confi- 
dence in his leadership has contributed 
to the latest plunge m the dollar. 

Anyway, the high noon of US. hege- 
mony is over. As -Treasury Secretary 
Lloyd Bentsen put it, “there isn’t cine 
country exfifafi the shots anymore.” 
Not even a combined heave by the 
Group of Seven industrial countries can 
push the dollar where it doesn't want to 
go. And when G-7 leadens gather in Na- 
ples next week for their a n nual summit, 
for all the pomp ami circumstance, they 
wifi exert little real influence on global 
events. ‘ 

The pace of change u> the wood econ- 
omy — faster than at any time sbye th e 
Industrial Revolution — is outstripping 
governments’ ability to deal with iL 
White businesses and financial markets 
increasingly operate globally, govern- 


M! H'HV* 


meat is sail confined to national or re- 
gional boundaries. 

The political disarray is making mat- 
ters worse. Japan’s political turmoil, for 
instance, is also contributing to the dol- 
lar’s problems and complicating at- 
tempts to resolve d amag in g trade dis- 
putes between Tokyo and Washington. 

In many countries, including Japan, 
Italy, France and Canada, traditional 


Most pofititians look only as > 
far as the next opinion poll or 
the next economic statistic. 

parties have been unceremoniously bat- 
tered by disgruntled doctorates. 


But instead of interpreting aD this as a 
call for more inspirational leadership, 
most politicians have responded by tak- 


ing an even shorter term view — looking 
only as far as the next vote, the next 
opinion poll, the next economic statistic. 

The combination of shortsighted, lo- 
cally focused leadership and economic 
globalization is having a curious result: 
The international bureaucracies are 
canting into their own — at the politi- 
cians’ expense. 

The G-7 countries gladly delegated 


ies gladly delegated 
much of the responsibility for rescuing 
the Russian economy to the Internation- 
al Monetary Fund. If Russia overcomes 
its problems, more credit will be due to 
the Fund’s officials than to the G-7 gov- 
ernments. 


Unemployment is the worst political 
problem facing many industrial coun- 
tries, but the best work on it so far has 
been done by the bureaucrats at the 
Organization for Economic Cooperation 
and Development in Paris. 

The planet’s future prosperity wifi de- 
pend heavily on officials at the powerful 
new World Trade Organization due to 
start up next year. 

And in the European Union, it is not 
the national governments but the often 
wrongly reviled bureaucrats of the Euro- 
pean Commission who are producing the 
best ideas on bringing the Continent's 
two halves together. 

That makes it aD the more important 
to choose the right people to run these 
organizations and to ensure that the or- 
ganizations themselves work effectively. 

But it’s another sign of the times that 
the bureaucrats at the OECD arc making 
big efforts to modernize their institution, 
while the G-7 political leaders are bla- 
tantly failing to do the same for theirs. 
It’s not surprising that top politicians are 
increasingly competing for the best bu- 
reaucratic jobs. 

Of course, there is a limit to what the 
bureaucrats can — and should — do. In 
the West at least, they still receive their 
instructions from politicians. And their 
ideas need political approval 

But it is a sad comment on today’s 
leaders that many bureaucrats have a 
dearer vision of how the world is chang- 
ing, and how to tackle its problems, than 
their elected masters. 



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_:S2S2 Sm 


Page 14 


CVTERIVATIOIVAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 1,1994 



MARKET DIARY 


Bond Slide Casts 
Shadow on Stocks 


NEW YORK — Renewed 
weakness in the dollar and gov- 
ernment data showing econom- 
ic growth triggered a rout in 
Treasury bond prices that cast a 
pall over the stock market 
Thursday. 

Hie price of the benchmark 
30-year Treasury bond plunged 
1 point, to 84 d/32, sending the 

U.S. Stocks 

yield up to 7.61 percent from 
7.51 percent Wednesday. The 
dollar's persistent weakness 
against the yen renewed senti- 
ment in the bond market that 
foreign investors would shy 
away from doUar-denominaied 
securities. 

Government data pointing to 
moderate economic growth in 
May added to nervousness that 
inflation would rise, eroding the 
value of fixed-income instru- 
ments such as Treasury bonds. 
A jump in the prices-paid com- 
ponent of a regional purchasing 
managers' index and rising 
commodity prices added to 
those inflation fears. 

The stock market followed 
bond prices lower. The Dow 
Jones industrial closed down 
42.09 points at 3,624.96. Losing 
issues outnumbered gaining 


ones by a 4-to-3 ratio on the 
New Yoric Stock Exchange. 

Stocks sensitive to changes in 
interest rates, such as banking 
issues, were among the day’s 
worst performers. Higher inter- 
est rates make it more expensive 
for businesses to borrow money 
to expand and could drag on 
the economy, crimping corpo- 
rate profits, 

Norwest fell ! to 26%, while 
NationsBank lost 1% to 51%. 

Health maintenance organi- 
zations fell on concern that U.S. 
health care legislation could 
limit their profitability. United 
Healthcare dropped 3% to 44 Vi 
in active trading. Humana fell 
1% to 16%. 

Cyclicais were weak, with 
Deere losing 1% to 67% and 
General Motors falling % to 
SOM. 

Consolidated Papers bucked 
the downtrend, rising 2% to 
43% after the Wisconsin-based 
paper company was raised to a 
buy from a hold by a Morgan 
Stanley analyst, who died im- 
proved order levels in the coat- 
ed-paper market. 

UAL fell W to 127 after the 
airline, buffeted by scant inves- 
tor demand for a $765 miUion 
preferred -stock sale, had to 
modify its restructuring plan 
for the second time in two 
months. (Bloomberg, AP) 


YEN; Which Currency Is in Crisis? 


Continued from Page 13 
nese imports or by major in- 
vestments abroad. 

Currency markets offered 
some evidence to support that 
view Thursday, as the dollar 
strengthened slightly against 
the Deutsche mark, rising to 
1.5873 DM at the close in in 
New York from 1 J5870 DM on 
Wednesday. 

The dollar fell to another re- 
cord low, 98350 yen, on Thurs+ 

Foreign Exchange 

day before coming part of the 
way back to close in New Yoric 
at 98.465 yen. It closed at 
98.750 yen on Wednesday. 

For Japanese exporters, the 
yen's recent surge has created 
what the Japanese call endaka 
— meaning a strong-yen crisis. 
Profit margins have fallen as 
Japanese companies have tried 
to absorb the effects of the 
higher yen. 

Some analysts said the yen 
could keep rising until the Japa- 
nese government found a way 
to deregulate many sectors of 
the economy and encourage 
more imports, particularly of 
consumer goods. 


“1 think they are in serious 
trouble," said Barry Bosworth, 
an economist at the Brookings 
Institution who has studied the 
Japanese economy for several 
years. “There is too much non- 
sense being spread that this is a 
crisis of confidence in the U.S. 
government" 

The sharp rise in the yen's 
value this year coincided with a 
movement of investment capi- 
tal bad: to Japan from other 
countries, including the United 
States. In some cases, investors 
were seeking to take advantage 
of the possibility that the Japa- 
nese slock market would show 
larger gains than U.S. markets, 
where prices were 
others, the investors 
eluded Japanese-owned compa- 
nies in other countries — were 
sending money home to help 
the parent companies cover 
losses. 

Against other currencies, the 
dollar closed at 1.3333 Swiss 
francs on Thursday, nearly 
steady from 13332 francs on 
Wednesday, and at 5.4425 


VIoAHacgtslnw 


June 30 







Dow Jones Averages 


- open 


Last a ft*. 


ran 364099 367JJ9 3*2170 M34.9J— 42J37 
TtafK 141133 141X78 19*127 159012 — 

UB 17726 17122 174JH 177.17 -02* 
Comp 138224 1383.10 126727 T36M6— 11J0 


Standard & Poor’s Indexes 


iMWab 

■romp, 

nuna 


5P50Q 

spm 


am low am are* 

521.93 516.11 516/0—421 
3*127 38429 38523 -US 
ISff mSS 15329 + 
642* <4.13 44.18 — 
MUl WM 44427-136 
4I&99 4VWS 41029—407 


NYSE Indexes 


-j _ Mat Law Last Ch*. 

CofrUKMUa 347.12 24424 24U7 —126 
MiarMi . 30*31 301 JS 301/16 -221 
Tmnsp. : • 24424 241 25 242.07 —0.93 

UWBV arun 20133 aa» —020 

Ffcpnev - nojt soa* sobjw — ij« 


NASDAQ Indexes 


tHT 


NYSE Most Actives 


Composite 

industrial* 

Bonks 

insurance 

Rnonoa 

Tramp. 


man low low an 

70448 70140 703.98 — <UU 
71144 7Q076 711JD *122 
750 J 7 48.74 75417 *475 
88122 87723 8772* —US 
V2U0 RHL5S *3433 
48925 61044 48631 




Brit Air 

UHttCri 

AmExp 

Deer* 

IBM 

OnMotr 

Shows 

GenQs 

Mosojfctl 

McDntd % 

SforTch 

TelMex 

Humana 

Mdwlas 

waUwwrr 


VoL High 

Leer 

Lost 

Chg. 


57'+ 

57ft 

—ft 

43800 48ft 

44 

44ft 

—3ft 

i : , 1 ..1 

It! 

25ft 

0ft 

8£ 

—im 

26327 60ft 

soft 

SBft 

— ift 

24946 SOM 

49ft 

SOM 

— ft 

2253V 17 

16 

16ft 

—ft 

1W83 47ft 

46ft 

46ft 

—1 

IW7J Uft 

13 

13ft 


19874 39ft 

28ft 

78ft 

— h 


32 

32ft 

-^Tw 


55ft 

55ft 

—ft 

f 'A 

16ft 

16ft 

—ift 


44 ft 

44ft 

—ft 

16367 Mft 

24 ft 

24V. 

—w 


AMEX Stock Index 


HWl Law UHt 
<24.08 42223 42325 


NASDAQ Most Actives 


usmns 

R awQngs 

HMNFn 

Novae 

Mtestts 

Mas 

TetCmA 

tnta 

LDpSs 

roe cm * 

OractoM 

Qbco i 

Seagate 

QVC 

3Com 


VOL Mob 
32444 39ii 
27488 12ft 
36348 1JV. 
35860 17V. 
34147 52 ft 
22B33 23 
32794 21 4a 
32497 SVft 
21497 17ft 
20874 9 *Vm 
X29S 38ft 
1903* Wa 
16731 30V. 
15331 39 
15010 52 


34 U 
lift 
12Vi 
16ft 
SI 


22ft 22ft — ■*. 

201a 20** —49 


Cbg- 

— aw* 


— ft 
tva 


Lost 

37 

rift 

1219 
Mft 

n«9 

2219 

30** 

5899 —ft 
17ft *1 
9Va —Vi 
.... am —’a 

3319 239a —W 

19ft 19V* — Wu 

37 38 * 5M 

501a 31 H -V* 


58V. 

I6V9 

81a 

341a 


AMEX Most Actives 



VOL 

HMi 

LOW 

Lost 

Chg. 

ChevSfts 

1490* 

8ft 

• 

8ft. 

*ft 

EIOAA 

10468 

A 

IPu 

IVu 

— ft- 

wmtnl 

4759 

12ft 

13ft 

• ft 

OonlHd 

3958 

6ft 

6V, 

6ft 


Alori 

3943 

3»e 

3 

3 

— Vn 

btterDie 

3901 

3ft 

2%, 

3ft 

‘ft 

EcteBoy 

*1B 

10ft 

10ft 

TOft 


AmcH 

2909 

5ft 

5ft 

Sft 

—ft 

Hcaftnt 

2SH 39ft 

29 

29ft 

+ U 

AExto 

2707 

1ft 

1ft 

1V„ 



Market Sales 


NYSE 

Anwx 

Nasdaq 

inanitions. 


Today 

4:00 

2*223 
T9JI1 
251 JOB 


310.130 

22272 

348236 


Dow alenes Bend Averages 


ttUHimea 
« Industrtot*- 


CM CJfBe 

*7.10 —0.17 

— 0.19 

— 0.14 


93L81 

10040 


NYSE Diary 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


PtWtWk 
BM As 


Metals 

■S’* ASK 
ALUMINUM <HMl Grade) 

Forward I497JB0 149888 UTS* 147VJB 
COPPER CATHODES (NBA Grata] 

DoOSTI POT UHfl Ictan 

Soot 2357 JO ZU&90 215550 ZBLSD 

Formrd 230LD0 23874)0 2J7MO 2JWJ» 

LEAD 

Br" r "®srM.M ■» 

Forward SSSM S7M SOSO 5fiU» 

NICKEL .= 

Dalian Per metric ton ■ 

Spot 4MU0 4150.00 610DL80 41104)0 

Forward 623000 62301)0 520100 620500 

TIN ___ - 

Spqi Br * **** "sSofla^asojo 314880 JllUt 
Forward 531SJ0 532000 523000 52X00 
ZINC CSmcM UM Grade! ' . 

Dollm par metric to* 

Sud MOO MOD *3*00 940.00 

Forward *7600 *7700 *6400 *6500 


Financial 

• HJefc Low . dose engage 
J^^stbwjns ruMw 
tomtom ■ pis of ree pet 


D*C 

Mar 

J00 


94* 

MJ5 . 

MJ7 

— 001 


oua 

93J1 

— WS6 

VSLlfi 

9299 

9383 

— 007 

9SLSA 

92* 

92-44 

—DM 

92JB 

9X91 

9194 

—007 

9XW 

91* 

91 J* 

—086 

H 

91 JZ 
91JB 
9086 

9128 
. 90*1 

— 006 
mem ft fVi 

—085 

58^ 

9DJ5 

90* 

9076 

9055 

— ftfl* 

— one 

9051 

9041 

9044 

— 004 


Jm 

a* 


Jan . 

Eat. volume: 5*061. Open M.; 520569. 
3-MONTH EURODOLLARS IL1FFEJ 
nmoOM-pisiif ho pet . 

Ju 9471 *471 *u* Unch. 

Me 9404 9404 9400 — 001 

Mar *176 9375 -9971 — 0JB 

*m . 9386 9344.- 9X42 — am 

N.T. fLTrV*aL19 -0O1 

EsL volume:. 280: 236 5OT3. . 

SAM NTH CIURWAKKS (UFFE) 

95.11 — wn 

*471 —003 

*443 —CUM 
9479 —006 

IU1 —008 
517? ' —007 
9151 —006 

9378 —005 


Advanced 
Declined 
Unenanaed 
Tatct issues 
NewKghs 
Near Laws 


932 

12*4 

607 

3833 

15 

10* 


1251 

80S 

695 

2831 

14 

90 


AMEX Diary 


Declined 

Unchanged 
Total issues 
Nea* Hiatts 
New Loan 


310 291 

311 2*5 

220 234 

imi no 

9 I 

41 40 


NASDAQ Wary 


Advanced 
Declined 
Unenanaed 
Total issues 
Newmans 
New lows 


13 a 
1772 
5061 
00 
140 


1ST* 

1491 

1*95 


Spot C q nun odUlea 


Coanaetlttr 
Aluminum. R> 

Ctoflee. Bract, 8) 
Capper electro) vHc. lb 
iron FOB, Ion 

id, lb 

Silver, trov az 
Steel Ucrapl.tan 
Tin. tt» 
line, to 


Tatar 

0448 

142 

1.15 

znoa 


13403 

nun. 

04586 


0458 
U2 
1.15 
2ir 


5785 

13473 

15W 

04586 


MU ntiSen 

*574 
*498 

--- UJO 

J*n *440 

SOP 94.13 

DOC . 9X15 
Mar ' *844 

JUO 9342 

sap 9111 

Dec 9X04 *253 *1*0 — . 

Mor 9286 *251 *276 —002 

J»n. 9272 -9X67 *243 — 002 

e»L votumc; IIMIA Open tat;B7XV9. 
3-MONTH PI BOR (MAT1P] 
premwan - ats anoo pa 
s*p *441 ML34 9437 —051 

ss ' tsc is..ise^ 

& 88 -BTriS 

83 S 83-=« 

Jus nm tins n so —088 

EN-Votome: 53779. Ooan InL; 198403. 
LUNG WLT OJFFHJ 
RIM » ala * 32pde of TOO pet 
Sep 101-31 *9-14 9031 — 1-22 

Dec N.T. N.T. 9031 -1-22 

£st mume! BUS*. Open Wa JT&4T2. 
GERMAN OBVE RNMRNT. WIND IL1PFE1 
DMTSUM'Phnf IMpd 
Sen 9372 - *150 9196 —058 

Dec *254 91J4 9174 —050 

Esl. volum*: 160380 Open InL.: *151750 
IP-YEA R FRENCH GOV. BONOS (MAT IF) 
FFSOOMO-Ptl trf M* Pd 
Sep 117.12 115JM U576 —174 

OK 114.10 11474 1 1486 —174 

Mar 11576 11576 11142 —174 

Joa N.T. N.T. N.T. unch. 

Est vatome: U*JSL Oaan tot.: 134070 


Hfeb Lew ' last sum flrte 

DOC - - HS25 16373 H5JB 16S25 tfi 

Ml MOW 1«75 1*575 16688 

Fed 16150 14158 16250 WS —075 

Mar 16100 16270 16270 W273 —075 

EN.votumc.-l&SBS. OseiW. *17** 


S3 




BRENT CRUDE OIL 0«7 
UL del ton per BarroHafs of UN baneto 
1750 MSS T7JS1 1751 +ft 

17J6 IU5 T7J7 war +ft 

T775 -1474 17.16 - 1744 +0. 

17.17 1*58 17.13 17.11 4-854 

1770 M52 - 17.10 . 1X06 4-054 

Jo* * -14.95 1493 14*5“ WJB"iM53 

I4M 1488 1488 MS* +853 

14B 1403 ■ MJO. J4M +143 

ESL volurt# ^37446 . Open tot 2757Z . 
hwi law.- Lost setts* arm 


PTSKH8 


Stock Indexes 

taw Om CtHNtoe 


am S— 33 


SSE ' 7 %f *8$ 

EM. volume: 1X139. Open hit.: 51JB7. 
CAC40 (MAT1F) ' ' 


1M«0 191400 19UL0D — 

« 12SS JS2K2 IS* - 

Oe 19S880 1'S ff? its IRTOn - — , 

IP 196408 ibEoo lam — i 

Ed. volume: 7L111 Open InL: 7*531 

non. 


Sources: Mont, a 
L ondon Ion F*nor>OaJ , . 
loft Petroleum Eratattae. 


Dtvtdands 


Ca w po nr 


Amoap MMN a 
A nicap FedMst B 
AmCopMuilBd 
Commercial Assets 
Corantarndta PedSav 
MIMA FA E<t inc 
Summit Prop* 
vanEck Wild h*cA 


- 

■ _ JD7 


■ Industrial* 

Hlph Law Last SefHe area 
GASOIL IIPE) 

ULS. OoMor* per oicti Ic feMeB of IP ten* 

Jut 15475 15125 15450 15450 unch. 

Aug 15740 15450 157 JM 15750 +025 

Sep 15975 15450 15075 -13073 Unch. 

OCt 14175 15930 14150 14175 Unch. 

Nov , 14150 Ml 75 14350 16350 + 025 


. . pot Amt Pa* Rec 

tRRRCULAR 

7429 7-29 

7-29 7429 

_ 6-30 MS 

- .12 7-11 7-18 

. .TO 7-8 7-22 

- 542 6-38 . 6*39 

- JS5 7-11 8-15 

_ J45 6-29 7-8 

VatEckWHdJiKB , 545 439 Ml 

STOCK SPLIT 
MoUwwod Eider 3 for 2 sain. 

INITIAL ’ 

Am List carp n Q 70 7-11 7-22 

REGULAR 

AmerBcpQH 0 .125 7-11 7-15 

AmCopCora Bd M 54' 43* 7-15 

AmCap Govt Sea • M 555 7-1 >15 

AmCOP Grattl Inc Q 5475 640 7-15 

AmCopHIYIdliw " M 5479* SOP MS 
Autodesk Inc Q J2 7-0 7-02 

Drevhi* StrMuned. M .055 7-14 740 

Fin Inal InsSra Q 465 740 53 

IntorcoP IncoSoc* . M .13 7-8 7-2Z 

Ifltarcop JncoSecs M .13 45 8-19 

Intaroop IncoSecs M .13 4* 9-23 

Intarioce System* - jm m# mj 

Jesten* Inc - Q 72 8-15 9-1 

MemnCarp . a jd m 7-15 

Montana Power. O M 74 -749 

RCMStraf GfliGvt M 574 7-18 7-46 

RtsooroeMlBCnp m m 7-11 7-2? 

Ravaleliiv 0 5123 640 7-15 

(hhdnmU a-PQrraMe in coe ai n e * teed*; m- 


For investment 
information 

Read 

the MONEY REPORT 
every Saturday , 
in the 1HT 


U.S./AT THE CLOSE 


GROWTH: Despite Outlook for Improved Growth, OECD Sees Risks 


Continued from Page 13 
and 4.3 percent next year because of de- 
clining inflation, which is seen at about 
1.75 percent by end- 1995. Yields on 10- 
year German government bonds are ex- 
pected to fall to 6 percent from around 6.9 
percent now. 

By contrast, short-term UJS. rates, now 
at 4J5 percent, are expected to rise to 5.6 
French francs, up from 5 .44-15- ^percent by end- 1995. Even with that, the 
francs. The pound dipped io OECD forecast “a mild but perceptible 
$13439 from $1.5458. upward drift" in consumer price inflation 

(WP, AP, Bloomberg) to 3J by end-1995, up nearly a point from 


early 1994. But 10-year UE. yields, cur- 
rently 7-25 percent are projected to stabi- 
lize at around 7 percent. 

U.S. growth is projected to slow from 
this year’s 4 percent to 3 percent next year. 
Nevertheless, growth “is likely to remain 
above its potential rate, reducing the un- 
employment rate below the 6.25 to 6.5 
percent level consistent with stable infia* 
don and'generatipg a modest acceleration-, 
in wages and prides.”* 

The report sees Japanese growth im- 


proving from midyear through end-1995. 
But it warned that upward pressure on the 
exchange rate could weaken prospects for 
a self-sustained recovery through an ad- 
verse impact on corporate profitability 
and investment ' 

The growth forecast for Germany is now 
IJ1 percent this year, up a full percentage 
point from preliminary projections made 
last month. This -results in a Europewid$ 
growth forecast of 1.9 percent up half. a' 
point from a month ago. Prospects for 
1995 have also been revised iq>. - 



government 

& Commerce Department said Americans 

^££2 IfefcEas; 
^Bsss^^siSSs^sa.- 

onleis to 03. facteds rose OSpercent 

revised 0.2 increase . in ApriL Ordets have cirniWM for three 

months in a row and in nine of the pa« 10 f h ee donomv 
Anah/sts said the government reports demonstr^the j?y 
expanded at- a comfortable pace this mded 

economy’s pesforinance during the second qu anm, which 
TbMsdiy,xtl<xst duplicated .and. probably exceeded that of the 
firstthree months <rf the ycuf- ■ 

’ m . ' - _ * 'RTlkN • 



WASHINGTON (WP) — Swaleh Naqvi. fotmeriy the second- 
highest. executive at the Bank of Credit and Commerce bneraar 
tinnal has agreed to plead guilty to federal charges m a oral that 
indudea a probable prison sentence of between six and eight 

offices worldwide were closed ^r^atorsml 9 W 
after revda tioas the bank had lost billions of dollars m depositors 
money.Tte bank has been uiiplicated in money laundering and 
other*widespie*d fraud: . . . 

The plea agreement requires Mr. Naqyi to cooperate with 
authorities by testifying before grand juries or providing other 
in formatio n that the government needs, sources said. Bui Naqw 
has yet to give the government any real help in sorting through 1 
million pages of BCa documents that might solve the puzzle of 
the bank’s questionable accounting procedures, sources said. 

U.S. Allows SmithKEne Herpes Drug 

: LONDON (Rentas) — SnathKline Beecham PLC said Thurs- 
day it had won approval to -seH its new Famvir aari*nerpes 
treatment in the United States. 

The approval from the Food and Drug Administration came six 
months ahead of most expectations and will place SmiuiKhne in 
direct competition with WeUcpme PLC That company’s Zovirax 
medication dominated herpes treatment in the United States 
for more than a decade; 

Zovirax is WeBoome’s biggest-seffing product and the eighth 
best -selling prescription drug in the world, with sales of i/ou 
mil? i on (S l billion) m 1 993. 

GM Raises Prices on Some Models . : 

DETROIT (Bloomberg) — General Motors Coip. has raised 
prices on two redesigtted :cars by between 11 percent and 12 
percent ford# f99$ mdddEs, 

GM*s Chevrolet dealers were told Thursday that the redesigned 
Cavalier would start at $10,060 for the 1995 model, up from about 
$8,970 Tor the 1994 version. The price of Chevrolet's new Geo 
Metro stibcesnpact, built for GM by Japanese automaker Suzuki 
Motor Co, will start at $8,085., up from $735, according to 
dealers. ’- 

The nation’s hugest antomakor started notifying dealers of 1995 
pricing so the sellers could take aiders for hew models that will 
start arriving in shofwrbozss as early as next month. '■ ■ - * 




Vv. 


1 P 

i 


T 

i 3i 

1 


j.i« 


Caracas Bolsters Banks 

Room 

CARACAS — Venezuela’s government assumed effective 
control of the country's banking industry on Thursday in a 
bid to protect depositors after it had taken over several 
troubled institutions but faced tumors that more were near 
ooOapse. 

- It created a seven-member banking committee, including 
the finance minister and central bank president, to set new 
rules to govern the institutions. The rand has the authority to 
remove bank directors, buy : 

^^irithdmwcpcrat^ ticensetTln 
supervisor. ..... 


Cf- 





WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


Agwo Franc* Presw Jim* 30 

CtonProw. 


Amsterdam 




ahow 
AkzaNobai 
AMEV 

Bols-Wessanen 
CSM 
D5M 

Etorvtor 

Fakktr 
Gtit-Brocades 
HBG 
Hatotkan 
Nooaovcits 
Hvmlor Douglas 73.40 7228 
IHC CaHRW 36X0 36.10 
inter fruolier 
inti Nederland 
KLM 


5M0 S8W 
43A0 4150 
91 JO 9220 

4428 44A0 
W 18840 
70J0 71 JO 
37 JO 3430 
6490 64-BO 
12660 127 

153 I5L9Q 
1SJ0 15 
45-78 4640 
29858 29S 

21530 213 

TUB 6930 


KNFBT 

KPN 

Mndbuyd 

OceGrinten 

Pokhotd 

Philips 

Polygram 
Ranee o 
Radomca 
Rollnco 
Ramiro 
Roval Dutch 
Slone 
Unilever 
Van o n nrxnen 
VNU 


77.911 78 

7440 7640 
47.78 4848 
43 4330 
47.70 49X0 

63.10 64JQ 
7450 7350 
4420 4350 
5140 SI 
71 JO 72.10 

M5JO 17138 
5U0 58 

11850 11750 

87.10 0650 
IB7^ 187 AO 

4430 43.90 
18130 laasfi 
4&J0 4840 
17240 14740 


woliarVKiuwer 10550 1D480 


Brussels 


AG Fin 
AbnanK 
Arbed 
Barca 
BBL 
Bekoari 
CBR 
CMB 
CNP 

Cockenn 
Cobcoa 

Calniyi 

Detoain 
ElKtrabd 
Elactrnflna 
GIB 
GBL 
Gcvuerl 
GfaverDM 
laWMbel 
KrMWtbank 
Mnane 
Pa t ro n no 

Powerfln 2BTO 2849 

Racticei 4*4 4» 

Royalo Bdgc 5080 5100 

SocGen Banaw 8220 8090 

«"■ 

Solvay 14150 T«3S® 

Tesendcru «50 nso 

TmcteiW 9080 9820 

UCB 23950 23950 

Union WUrriere 2410 2425 

woaon* UIj 4810 4810 

i : 732691 


TOT 7570 
4450 4450 
2160 2185 
4200 4180 

24075 23800 

12400 12400 
7775 22fti 
2050 2D30 
17* 180 

6640 S6TO 
7280 7250 
1328 1330 
5560 5570 
3&W TliS 
1390 1394 
4000 4110 
B9S0 9150 
4490 4SS) 
3000 3010 
4460 6490 

1.^1^ 


845 m 
390 m 
rm 78i 
, 32431550 
246.4024430 
73272250 

fnpm* 


Frankfurt 

AEG 17517740 

Atetrtel SEL 370 370 

Ajllonz now 2352 22M 

AHpno 414 615 

Aito 990 1040 

BASF VBIBlKyiTO 

Buyer NUdN 

®0T. HVBO tot 415 4C3 

Bor Venrtnsbk 44»«A50 

la^ 

Co mmaiTUui * 

Continental 
l«r Bert* 

jmsu . 

DtoitjeheBflBk 67*5047750 
gwsto 500 488 

Orajdhw Bank 377 “ 

FaWmuahi* 302 . 

F iywoH oeich 

N«1k8l 

ffiSUP® 4iS 

■“» 

"B* INWI 

Kaunwt 508 494 


OoMPnv. 



HetefnW 

124 12S 

40 4030 

173 m 
ii n 
115 114 

J40 140 

435 433 

47 4$ 

9150 91 JO 
210 212 


Anw-YIrtyma 
Eruo-GutnHI 
HtoUamakl 
K.05». 
Kymmene 
Metro 
NckJa 
PatHofa 
Reoato 
Stockmann 


Hong Kong 

BkEaslAsto 3340 M 
Camay Pacific 1150 1090 

SSTlSSL. 

Dairy Farm Wtl W-W 1040 
Kong Luns Dev 1210 1150 
Hans Sena Bank. 

Henderson Land 
HK Air Btn. 

HK China Gas 
HK Electric 

HK R^v Trust »J3 2Uji 
HSBC Hahflna* 8450 8240 
HKStwns Htls 
HK TetoCoauK 
HKFernr 
Hutch Whamaoa 
Hyson Dev 

S8SU8S. 

Miramar Hotel 
now World Dev 
SHK Props 
5telux 

faJOvnmg Pros iijo n& 
Wharf Hold 2040 »»’ 

M,s: lnH 8 as 

Hcnj^todgi: 875841 


S 35 S 

4250 41 

14.90 1440 
2350 23.10 
1SUO IMP 


1IJ0 n jo 
1450 1450 
132D 13.10 
32 3150 
2080 2040 
59 JO 5450 
29.10 2950 
1350 14 

11 1070 
2150 21 JO 
21 JO 21 JO 
44J0 4435 


OowPrev. 


Ftton* 
Pone 
GEC 
GenTAcc 
Ghna 
Grand Mel 
GRE 
Gutonns 
GUS 


HHisdown 

HSICHWO, 

tnOKBPC 
Kingfisher 
Lndorake 
Land Sac 


L O\ i I K ) 

Laga! GcnGra 
UovdsBonk 
MoiaSa 
MEPC 
Nanr 

NaiWest 
Kihwst Water 
Pearson 
PLO 
PBUngton 
Pawer G en 
Prudential 
Rank Ora 
Reckmcol 
mmsnd 
Reed Inti 
Reuters 
KMC Group 
Rom Raya* 
RoRmm (uMI) 
Royal Scot 
RTZ 

samsbanr 

SCOt NtW CM 

Scot FUwer 
Sear* _ 
Severn Trent 
Shell 
Slefce 

Smllh Nephew 
SmlttiKiineB 
Smith CWH) 
Sun Alliance 
TataBi Lyle 
Tesca _ 

Thom, EMI 

Unilever 
Utd Btaculi* 
Vodafone 
War Loan 319 
Wellcome 

vmiffirtod 
wnaanuHdgs 
Willis CarroM 
P.T.SStodn: 


453 


ns 


Johannesburg 


AECI 
ARcen 
Ana la Amor 
Bgrtawa 
Btyvoor 
Buffets 
De Heart 
Drtetontem 
Gencor ■ 
GFSA 
Harmony 
Htglrvald Steel 
KtoOt 

NedhankGrp 

Randtontoto 

RuscM 

SA Brows 
St Helena 
sasol 

Western Deep 


2475 2455 
118 120 
mvf 227 
34 3385 
B5S 855 
42 42 

107 109 
6155 62J2S 
HUB UJS 
116 114 

25 25 

I 

3255 1250 

42 4253 

93 9135 
85 87 

43 45 
2425 3425 

195 1*7 

83®58& !SWM4 




SSM ick 


gWA 
RWE 

RMUTMOU 



London 

Ahbey.Nafl 

Allied Lycra 153 

ArtaWfoin MT 

AiwIIGrpw UO 

AaBrlt Foods ^ 

4J8 

seomni JJ7 

_ 5JB 

BET 

Blue Circle M* 

BOC Group WI 

427 

IP 190 

-RAlrwav* 354 

—It Gas W 

Bril Steel U2 

Vtyena M9 

comm umen un 

& 

EaterarWOH W1 

Eurotunnel IS 


405 

151 

£ 

§3 

461 

1JS 

SJf 

5JJ3 

1*9 

1.15 

226 

5JS 

442 

196 

17* 

24S 

140 

355 

132 

4JB2 

416 

3 

in 

106 

480 

346 

183 

248 


Madrid 

BBV 2860 2915 

ESS? iS 38 

QrogoOco wo 2150 

Endesa OTD S9TO 

Ereras 229 236 

KT 3 

Tabanie ra XUS lOB 

TeMaMcn 1770 1770 


Milan 


Banco Comm 

Bratm 


Itol 

SSr 

FlnmoannKxi 
Generali 
IF* 

Uoicem 

itoHnstoiflare 
Medtabanca 
Montedison 

Olivetti 

SLn 

Mnasoente 
SatMtn 
San Paolo Torino 976510800 
SIP 3M0 4060 

IS* 

ToruAsal RHP 26*9027*50 

i.!l p 


4545 4440 
140 163 

WOO MSB 
1114 1115 
2505 2540 
2040 2080 
2920 2905 
2020 209) 
1266 1315 
6360 6465 
1*48 IMS 
4DSS0 41200 
2500 23900 
1234512*90 
52SS 5345 
432B0425B0 
14600 14*58 
14S9 14*5 
2375 2435 
4905 4930 
25350 25550 
10000 UMBO 
« 4000 


Montreal 

Aleon Aluminum 31W« 31V* 

Bonk Montreal 2319 2» 

bSiiSSSb 19*9 IWt 


CamMor 
Cosoadn 
Dominion Test A 
DonofiueA 
MacMUkeiBl 
Natl Bk Canada 
Power Corn. 
Quebec Tel 
Quebecur A 
Quebacor B 
Tekmm* 

Unhra 

Vkteatran 


dose Prev. 

m* 17» 
7W 7^9 
6<6 6V6 
m* TH 9 

iji5 

mS 17 i? 

12W 12 

T719J9 


Paris 

Accor , 614 631 

Ak^AUbam «1 A» 
Axa . 22430235.10 

Banoalre Ida) 491 514 

BIC 1W1 1118 

BNP 21250 23480 

% « 

CarTetour 1803 1820 

CCF. 21 650 219 JO 

Ohms KUVO Wfl 

awroeurs 1306 13« 
Omerts Franc 288 307 

d uo Med JOBSa 
Ell-Aaullalna 37*jfl m 
EH-Sanall 861 855 

Ebro Disney 11 JS 1Z10 
Gen. Eaux 7195 2215 
Havas 425 444 

iraaM 543 540 

Lotdrae Coraee 40739980 

Lesrami 5540 5730 

Lyon. Eaux 498 

Oreoia-I 
LVJVLH. 

Matra-Hachette 
MlcnellnB 22622SJD 
Mom toe* 131 12340 

Paribas 34S20 342 

KSSKa ^37^ 

PTnSSffprlnl S M2 
Rnflotecfmiaur 450.W ■*73 

Rh-PoulenCA 124 123J0 


RafLSl. Loiris 

ScPntGaboln 

5.EA 

SteGeneraie 
Sue* 


1635 1640 
636 660 

487 JO 4*8 
559 573 

2MJ026UD 


Thomeon-CSP 1 5428 14 140 
Total 31340 31680 

UJLP. 141.10 MftJO 

Valeo 258J02S240 

ft&sjumr 


Sao Pajlo 

Ido BrasH 47 5080 
2440 200 
14.90 1525 



JffflfTTy Cruz 

Tej eb r a s 11050111.% 

Usiminas 282 795 

Vahr Rio DaGe 271 96 

Vorhg 260 250 


Singapore 

Cerates 7J5 7JS 

air Dev. 645 620 

DBS 10.90 1080 

Fraser Neov* UJD UM 

Genttna. _ iwo iifi) 

33 ^ 

Hume UKhistriea 5JD 500 
Ind icu pe 580 SJO 

Keppel 1050 lOTO 

KLKepora 3JS 154 
Lam Chang im 144 
Mtfavan Banka 840 840 
OCBC forefan (3J0 TUB 


DUB 
OUE 
Semtenong 
aho n g rt lq 
StoMDorbv 
JMferufgn 
SHoro Unto 
^ prw* 
suwf 


W 588 
855 855 
II 11.10 
520 520 
182 344 
1240 1260 
750 745 
16 1550 
170 ITS 


spare Telecomm 144 138 
Straits Trading 120 344 

UgB foreign izg ltTO 


Stockholm 

AGA 
AseaA 
Astra A 
AitatCoaaj 
Elcctroiv* 0 
Erltsson 


6450 64 

576 570 
155 163 
90 88 

353 356 
384 384 


Cwdte-A 

HandeWwaken 

Investor B 

Norsk Hvrfnt 

Prueortlto AF 

SandvIkB 

SCA-A 

S-EBanken 

5kancBa F 

SKanska 

SNF 

Stora 

TreHeborgBF 

Votva 


aawPrev. 

no io* 

. w 

164 MS 
21* It! 
116 116 
1X2 TOO 
110 1DB 

iS 

147 149 

135 137 

380 380 
1B3 100 

670 476 
177358 


Sydney 


Amcor 
ANZ 
BMP 
Boro! 

Bougainville 

Coles Myer 
Camaka 
CRA 
CSS 

Fosters Brew 
Goodman PWd 
1CI AustraNa 
Mogellaa 
MIM 

Not Auto Batoc 
News Cora 
■Una Netware 
N Broken HW 
Pac Dwtop 
Pioneer inin 


3J4 133 
046 


THT 

Western Minina 
Weslpac Banking 
Woodslde 440 480 


Tokyo 


815 813 
743 73S 

1220 1220 
1600 1560 
MOO 1620 
1730 1740 
1350 1340 


iS.'SSua 

AsatHGkns 
Bank ot Tokyo 
Bridgestone 

S’ 

Dal NlapanPrfnt 1*50 1*30 
' 9 House 1540 1530 
Hies T730 1770 
4740 4*40 
Full Bar* 2260 2210 

Full Photo 2300 2300 

FUHTSU 1|» 1100 

Hnarill MSB MSB 

HUaduCaMe 93s 935 
1730 17111 
54 SO 8480 
742 727 

714 715 

995 990 
2660 2660 
418 414 

1170 1190 
960 963 
735 727 

7370 149 
Elec MdS 1810 1710 


jltol 

b^ Alrh ™" 

Konsca Power 1 

kawcaaUSH 

Kirin Brewery 


Nippon Oil 
Nippon SM 
Nippon YWen 


Nomura 5 k 
NTT 

OtvianusGMfeal 


Kyocera 

Matsu El 

Matsu Elec Wks 1180 1160 
KUtoeUsUBk , 2650 2660 

Mitsubishi Kosel 525 527 

66 * 6*0 
Mitsubishi Kiev 789 787 
MUwbtml Ccrp 1240 1240 

MnwiandGo m ra 
MUsukaiM H» ICO 
Mitsumi 1880 1840 

NEC 1230 1310 

NGK Insulators 1060 109 
Ntece Securities 1350 1340 


766 760 
344 S3 
638 636 

873 HZ 


. 1180 1U0 
2JW 2720 
♦52 W5 
55S SSS 
1790 1790 
753 766 
2110 2150 
609 6000 
2178 2T» 
534 06 
963 *75 
297 296 


1190 11B 
4*90 4760 
537 540 

1370 1W> 
3300 3160 
1500 MID 
744 746 

BOB 800 

z no 3200 


Ricoh 
Sanyo Etoc 


SMmatu 

SMmtsvCDem 


Sumttoma Bk 
Sumitomo awm 


Sumitomo Metal 

Total Care 

Tafsho Marine 

Tendacnem 

TDK 

Wlftt 

Tokyo Marine 
T akra fiJe«Pw 
TOPOan Prinflno 

?sssr 

Toyota 

YamalcMSec 

a.-JiWt 


CtaMPfUv. 



Toronto 

AbWW Price 16M Itto 

Aonlco Eagle WU. 16to 

AE-amoda O& Mb 

ssss 

BCE 44% 45 

Bk Novo Scotia 25* 25* 

BC Go* 13* 

BCTelecam 224k 22 Vi 

nr am o lo a A22 

Brunswick Wb 919 

CAE 6to 6TO 

Carndev N-Q. AX 

CIBC W> XPh 

Cawta PacHIc 208* 2M 

Ccn Tire A HU I11& 

Cantor !91A 18 

Cora iw 185 

IndB 9ik * 

465 4J0 

an* aitb 

MVi 24to 
N.Q. 10 
ttfk lm 
080 077 
14*1 UM 
0J» 038 
» 316 

6* 61k 
17 161k 
3V. 3V. 

045 ms 
440 4A5 
13 13 

12 1116 
1 3V2 . 14 
ITU. l*Vk 
27% 267k 
33VJ 33V» 
331k 334k 
xv. 2 m 

16 15ft 
2046 20V. 
2 Sft 2D16 
Oft 8 
56ft 57 
12 IMS 
»«* 

am am 

j» jft 
23* 23ft 
II lift 
Wft 14 
31ft 3819 
im nm 
19ft l*ft 
3AS 3ft 
29ft 2949 


DvtexA 

EcJw Boy Mines 

Equity silver A 

FCAfRff 

Red IMA 

Fletcher Chan A 

FPI 

CcBitni 

SM*" 

Hernia GM Mines 
Hoi linger 


HodmuBay 

Imasen 

lnai_ 

IPL Enerpv 

LcMn 

Lab km Co 


*8agna inti A 
Maple Lent 
Maritime 
Marie Re* 
Mahon A 
Noma indA 
Naranda Inc 
Noranda Forest 
Norcen Energy 
Ntnn TMecam 
Now Core 
OPma 
Pogarin A 
Placer Oame 
Paco Petroleum 
PftA Core 


OSD 047 
17 17ft 
29ft 28ft 
1*49 194k 

. 78 73ft 

Roval Bank Can 26ft 27ft 
Sartre Re* 13 n 

5a*r*Hos» 7ft 7ft 
Seaaram 42 4ift 

Sears Caa 6ft 6ft 

Shell can 4] 40ft 

ShtoriH Gordon lift ink 
SHLSystmtose b» 6vj 
S autaani 17 17ft 

Spot Aero*poc e Mft Mft 
Stolen A 7ft 74k 

Tanumm Enera 27ft 26ft 
TeekB 221k 22ft 

Thomson 15ft 1541 

Toronto Damn ttft 20ft 
TortoarB 
Tronialta Utu 
TransCda Pine 
Triton rw A 
TYknac 
Trtzec A 
Ualcare Energy 

jEosma 


33V, 23ft 
141k 14 

16ft 16ft 
X80 3J0 
14U W 
8J2 0J3 
1JB NJJ. 


Zurich 

AdtolrrttB 226 226 
Alusubse B new w 6*1 
BBC BrwnBov B 1171 1173 

gaaaA s 

ElefctnnrB 34) 333 

Ptocner B U7S 1310 
lideratseount B 2208 7170 
Jekijpli B 848 8S0 

LatoftGyrR .. 100 100 
JWowinp fat B 41$ 42 S 
Nestle ft 1121 im 

OeriDcButtaleR m 139 

S£5£K 2S 8JSS 

Mra R totoofle 11150 m 

sSSSerB 7725 7509 
Sober PC 663 us 

SurvatHoncs B TWO 1965 
SwftsBnkCoraB 3*4 39» 
5«5»RrtasurR Mg 5« 

5 Str R |B li 


See our 

Ait* and Antique* 

every Sahmiay 


U.S. FUTURES 

Via Anedatod hen 


f 30 


Season Season 
High Low 


Open NNh Low Ckne Cng OoJrt, 


Grains 


WNRAT KBOT3 UN bum 
3J6 25* JUI94 114 

XSPt, 

345 
164ft 
154ft- 
342ft 




110 117ft inft-atoft Lao 

12746 127 132ft-IUnft 1A710 

__ 139ft 3J3ft IMk-dB 

127 MOr 95 139ft U3 138 . 138ft~aerft *Jt9 

IliftMayTS 134ft 125 3J1 131 -003 91 

111 JUTS *23 125 171ft Ulft-flOJft fflS 

- Dec 95 I3lft-0.11ft . 4 

Est sales MA. softs 15.483 

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22*48 









i* 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1994 


Page 15 


EUROPE 


f 


thTSF^ *“ Rat SpA said 
Thursday » was moving h nr fc to 

n»re quickly than ex- 

PS?*? % P 0 ® 4 ™* ri« biggest 
loss of its history m 1993 

dwinnan 

™ said the company ex- 
pected to make a slight profit in 

!"? “J? posting a loss of 1.78 
tnluon hre ($1 hMon) last year 
as recession slashed demand for 
cars. ■ • • 

He said that despite depressed 
car sales m Italy, HatVmam 
n&flcst, the company made an 

opei^ng profit of ahbot 200 W- 

non fire m the first four months 
of tins year became of cost-cut- 
mg, compared with a loss of 360 

fiffion fire over the comparable 
1993 period. 

“Results in the first four 
months were significantly bet- 
ter than the group's stringent 
tetgets,” be said, adding that 
the company would turn a prof- 
it for the year even if car sales 
did not improve. 

He said the company should 
be in a position to pay a divi- 
dend to ordinary shareholders 
next year after passing up the 
payout this year for the first 
time since 1947. 




He said the-emnany’s over- 
all sales* which include aircraft 

cngme,'atKd, m&lintece and tex- 
divisions, rose^out 10 per- 
cent in the January- April peri- 
od, to ahnost 20*tiifiioii fixe. 
Hie company expects sales for 
the year to rite about 14 per- 
cent, to‘62 triDionlne. : % 
Despate seSmg shortly more 
cars, mainly because erf the 
strong performance of hs new 
Pimt05abccai^act,tiffi0MiKjft- 
Ay*s Ejiropeac tnariat share has 
fallen because of depressed de- 
mand in Italy. * - 
Mr. Agnelli also , said Hat’s 
negotiations with Renault, tbe 
’ French - automata^ aimed at 
sharing fomidry Activities had 
been broken off. 

He said Fiat haff xioC been 
able to make an agreement with 
Renault that would not have 
co mprom ised cither company's 
autonomy.- y 

“Agrefflaents , are restriedve, 
and we seek the greatest possi- 
ble amount of autonomy,” he 
said. “Competition is tough, 
and cooperation must not be 
too dose, as otiiowiteyon have 
your hands tied^ 

( Reuters , AFP) 


EU Insurance Industry Cracks Open 

But Some Countries Fail to Approve New Law in Time 


. . Bloomberg Bvstnas Neva 

FRANKFURT — After years of 
preparation and debate, European 
Union -regulations intended to open up 
Europe's Insurance industry axe sched- 
uled to take effect Friday throughout the 
12-oatko trading bloc. 

But there W31 be at least one excep- 
‘ tiao: the EUVbiggest member. Germa- 
ny has missed the deadline, and it may 
not be the only country, to do so. 

• 1 Die European Commissan said mem- 
ber countries bad to incorporate EU in- 
surance directives into domestic laws by 
Thursday, creating a single insurance 
market Germany's Parliament hasn't - 
approved the necessary legislation, audit 
isn’t scheduled to reconvene until next 
Friday- 

■ Insurance companies said they were 
uncosmerued by Germany's inaction, 
partly because they think EU directives 
take precedence over-national laws and 
partly because they don’t think the 
change wfflsignfficamty change the way 
they do business. 

At most it may now encourage innova- 
tive maiketmg that sefls poficies by using 
mass mailings or telephone soHritatiom 
instead of personal tales pitches. 

The European Commission, which is 
the EtPs executive branch, said it 
wouldn't know -untS next week just 
winch countries in addition to Germany 
had not met the deadline, or how late 
Germany might be. 

Jftrg Knospe, a spokesman for the 


German insurance association, said the 
legislation was “bound to be postponed” 
until at least the middle ot July. 

“It can't be debated until July 8,” he 
said. “If if s approved, it could come into 
effect as early as mid- July. If ifs defeat- 
ed, thereto a danger it could be delayed 
until after October’s elections.” 

Tins weald force the legislators back 
to the drawing board and could mean a 
delay of several years, he said. 
Kfichad Stoffier, insurance industry 

German insurers aren’t 
antkapatnigarndiof 
foreign competitors into 
their market. 

analyst at the accounting firm Coopers & 
Lybrand in Frankfurt, said snmft insur- 
ers may ahead with plans if the dead- 
line is nrfaswt 

“We’ve already started training bro- 
kers,'’ said Timothy Jacobs, vice preri- 
deat for international markets at Stan- 
dard' Management Corp., which has a 
Luxcmbomg- based subsidiary called 
Premier Life. “We’ve nyiric a strata ' 
decisipix to become very active in 
German market.” 

But just what each company’s plans 
entail vary widely. 

German insurers, for example, will be 
under pressure to sell cheaper ami more 
flexible insurance policies once they are 


freed from a strict regime in which all 
policies and prices had to be approved 
by the Federal Office for Insurance Su- 
pervision, 

“We’re expecting radical change,” 
Manfred Broska, chief executive of DBV 
Holding AG, told shareholders at tbe 
company’s annual meeting in late June. 
“There’s going to be a big increase in 
price competition and a process of con- 
solidation/ 1 

Others are less sure. EmOio Galli-Za- 
for Allianz AG, said 
iy*s market leader would intro- 
duce some policies in anticipation of the 
change, “but we don't expect any land of 
revolution." 

The new regulations would appear to 
encourage cross-border competition, but 
few companies said they were willing to 
make the necessary investment, at least 
not at first 

German insurers aren’t anticipating a 
rush of foreign competitors into their 
market either. 

Several companies said they may try 
to avoid high start-tip costs in Germany 
by refiing directly to new markets from 
their established bases. 

Direct insurance, as tbe process of 
pitching policies by mail or over tbe 
telephone is called, has been a big hit in 
some parts of Europe in recent years. 

But it has been slow to gain ground in 
Germany, h a mp e red by consumer pref- 
erence for personal contact and resis- 
tance from sales agents, insurers said. 


rt t T M Ti 1 1 1 ■ * — ■ 1 1 iji.retaugJTWcrff; 

I Investor’s Europe 



iMcnHksal Herald Tritons 


Very briefly: 




SEAT Asks Its Workers 



The Associated Fna • 

BARCELONA . 1 — SEAT 
SA, the Spanish subsidiary 
of Germany’^ Volkswagen 
AG, has asked workers to 
accept a pay cut of 10 per- 
cent to make the financm&y 
troubled company more 

competitive. - - 

In a published statement, 
SEAT cited what it said was 
kw worker productivity and 
high production costs 
among the causes for its fi- 
nancial difficulties. ‘ 

SEAT, which YW bought 
from the Spanish govern- 
ment in 1986,' employed 
25,000 workers in its four 


-plants in northeastern Spain 
m 1992. Since then, layoffs, 
-eariy retirements and the 
transfer of one plant to VW 
have cut the work force to 
about 14£00. . 

The company's restxuo- 
■' winch has pro- 
massive ’"demonstra- 
tions and repeated strikes by 
.SEAT unions, foresees a 
payroll oT9,500'wuricrs by 
tfaeendcrf this year. 

SEAT said it must reduce 
wages to -adjust to market 
conditions and suggested 
cots in worker benefits as 
weZL 


Russia Extends Its Voucher Prograi 


Bloomberg Business News 

~ MOSCOW — The Russian 
government has extended by a 
month the validity of vouchers 
used in auctions of state compa- 
nies. ' 

-• Although the voucher pro- 
gram was due to end Thursday, 
President Boris N. Yeltsin 
signed a decree Tuesday allow- 
ing the vouchers to be used by 
workers to buy shares in then 
. companies until the end of July, 
said Alexander, Orfyonov, a 
Kremlin spokesman. 

The decree also gave the city 
of Moscow permission to use 
vouchers for saks of city assets 
until the end of the year. . 

Privatization vouchers were 


1992 with the aim of pio- 
neering the sale of most of the 
state sector and then the rest of 


the economy. Since then, thou- 
sands of companies across the 
country have been sold in 
voucher auctions, with inves- 
tors buying shares with the 
vouchers instead of with cash. 

Officials have bad little but 
praise for the voucher program. 

“Voucher privatization is 
probably the biggest economic 
reform in Russia,' 1 Alexander 
Knbishlrin, a parliamentary ad- 
viser, said. - 

A new program of selling 
shares for cash is to be delayed 
because of the voucher’s new 
lease on Hfe, said Larisa Cher- 
nyshova, a spokesman for the 
State Property Committee. 

About 136 million vouchers 
have been used in share auc- 
tions. In 1993, tbe government 
sold shares in more than 12,000 


small and medium-sized com- 
panies worth 113 billion rabies 
(S57 million). Miss Cherny- 
shova said. 

An additional 4,500 compa- 
nies valued 331 hflHon rubles 
will have gone on the block by 
the end of July, she added. 

Tbe voucher program has 
made fundamental changes in 
tbe Russian economy, accord- 
ing to Mr. Knbisbkm. “The 
market works now — there are 
no shortages anymore," he said. 

Irina Pinkovsky, an analyst 
at the London-based consulting 
co mpan y HUfe LtcL, said: “In 
the past, factory directors were 
responsible only for output, 
and they didn’t give a damn 
about profits. Voucher privati- 
zation changed that." 

Others add that in the new 


era, factories must produce 

higher-quality merchandise and 

take charge of their own fi- 
nances to stay alive. 

The voucher has almost never 
held toils 1 0,000 ruble face val- 
ue. Since its October 1992 intro- 
duction, its trading price baa 
ranged from 4,500 rubles to 
more than 100,000. 

Voucher ]»ice swings have 
made many investment funds 
and traders wealthy. 


• Istitutu per la Ricostruzkme Industrial^ Italy's stale holding 
company, said it had sold the specialty steel maker Acdai Special! 
Tend Sri to a group led by Germany’s Kxupp Hoesch AG of 
Germany and Falck of Italy in a transaction valued at 1.1 trillion 
lire (S685 million). 

AEG AG, the electrical engineering subsidiary of Daimler-Benz 
AG, has sold its remaining office products business to a Hong 
Kong investor, Yong Ling Lin. 

•The Bank of France trimmed its intervention rate, which acts as 
a floor on money market rates, to 5.10 percent from 5.20 percent 

• French unemployment rose to 12.7 percent in May, the highest 
level since 1945, from a revised 12.6 percent in April. 

• lnchcape PLC will not exercise its option to increase its stake in 
Gestetner Holdings PLC to 25 percent because Gestetner shares 
have fallai below the option price. 

• MetaBgeseflschaft AG and its Bazefins Umwdt-Service AG unit 
are being sued in the United States by Horsebead Resource 
Development Co. for allegedly providing false information on 
which a joint venture was based. 

• Katrihof Holding AG said sales in the first six months of the year 
increased 8.9 percent, to 1 1.6 billion Deutsche marks ($7 billion), 
from the comparable year-ago period, led by specialty shop sales. 

• Deutsche Bonk AG’s supervisory board will meet Tuesday to 
consider management changes because of the collapse of Dr. 
Jfirgeci Schneider AG, a properly development company that 
borrowed extensively from the bank. Reuters. Bloomberg, AFX. AFP 



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Abbey National 
Opens a Potential 
Banks 9 Price War 

Bloomberg Bluest News 

LONDON — Abbey Nation- 
al PLC fired the opening salvo 
Thursday erf what may escalate 
into a price war among British 
banks. 

Copying the cut-price tactics 
of U.K. supermarkets and 
newspapers, the country's 
third-largest bank said it would 
halve the annual rate it charges 
customers on authorized over- 
drafts to 9.9 percent, effective 
Friday, its largest cut ever. 

Rivals such as National 
Westminster Bank PLC and 
Lloyds Bank PLC, which de- 
pend more heavily on consumer 
lending than Abbey, said they 
are now considering whether to 
lower their own rates. 


Leveraged 


Wcddy net asset 
value 

on 27.06.94 

US $ 59.44 

Listed on the 
Amsterdam 
Stock Exchange 

Information: 

McesPkrson Capital Management 
Kokin 55, 1012 KKAmsteraam. 
TeL+ 31-20-5211410. 



Ontario Hydro 
International Inc. 



IAH lOBBOH 

Ontario Hydro la pleased to 
ounce tbe appointment of 
lan London to the position of 


President and Chief Executive 
Officer of Ontario Hydro Inter- 
national Inc., tbe utility's inter- 
national marketing subsidiary. 

Mr. London holds a Bache- 
lor's degree la Engineering from 
McGllPunlversIty and a Mas- 
ter's in Business Administra- 
tion from York University. He 
has held a number of positions 
with Ontario Hydro since 


and Plans, 


Systen 

Olrecti 


or. Enginee- 


rtng and Cottsteuctton Services 


Manai 
rxlng. Mr. 
of a team that 
ded Hydro's New 
tures Division 


of Strati 


Plan- 
part 
foun- 
Ven- 

inow known as 
Ontario Hydro International 
Inc.J and neld positions as 
Manager of Fi n ance and Admi- 
nistration; international Mar- 
keting and. of Proposals and 
Contracts. 

Ontario ttydro Internatio- 
nal ine. Is a wholly -owned sub- 
sidiary of Ontario Hydro, and 
has been active In more than 
SO countries around the world, 
marketing the utility’s services 
and products, since it began 
operating In 1984. In 1 993 
oral reported revenues of more 
than $50 milllan and a net pro- 
fit of $38 million. 


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EVTERNATIONAt HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1994 


1 / 


'riarfs ~f 


Page 17 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Fallout From Yen’s Rise 

Is It Good News lor Asian Economies? 


mtonesr New 

TOKYO — NEC Ccro, Ja- 
pan s leading personal coraput- 

“fj®. p«<£cted Rmrsd^t. 

would sell nearly one-tilrd 
“ore personal computers in Ja- 
pan in the year ending in Man*' 
1995 than n did last year. 

The prediction comes a 

month after NEC and other top 
Japan ese electronics makers 
forecast that their profits in the 
year would average about 20 
percent higher than in the previ- 
ous year. That would be thetr 
Grst rise in three years. 

NEC projects it wffl sell 1.8 
unman personal computers in 
Japan tta yrar, up 31 percent 
from 1,370,000 last year and 
well above NECs original esti- 
mate of 1,520,000. The compa- 
ny has a 51 percent share of the 
personal computer market in 
Japan. 

mdnstry analysts say NEC is 
Kkehr to meet its new targets. 

“The PC market in Japan is 
definitely growing, which 
moans increased opportuni- 
ties,” said Kunihilr p Kawada, 
industry analyst at James Capel 
Pacific Ltd. But he said in- 
creased sales did not necessarily 
mean greater market share for 


NEC, because a bigger market 
also meant, bigger shares far 
NECs competitors. - - . 

Increased spending by Japa- 
nese businesses -and consumers 

will assure the growth in sales, 
said Kalsaicfn Tormta, general 
manager of NECs . penonal 
computer business pnxnotioo 
dmaom He said that even 3 the 
I.S milfion target was not 
readKd^.the ccmmahy was cer- 
tain to seQ 1.7 mufidn units. 

■ J^Ahlw%rnnn 

Japan Air Lines Co/ said 
Thursday it had a parent-com- 
pany loss of 2536 bOBon yen 
(S250rmDicm) m the year ended 
March 31, asrecessionat home 
and abroad held down revenue, 
The Associated Press reported. 

But because (^-cutting 
efforts, however, its loss shrank 
42 percent from 43.78 bzHioQ 
yen in the previous year, the 
company said. Revenue de- 
clined to 98231. biffioh ; yea 
from LG3 trillion yen. 

Japan Air lines imEvidnaBy 
posted a loss of 37.46 billion 
. yen for the year,, down from 
47.87 biffion yen the previous 
year. The airKne unit predicted 
it would break even this year. 


Vietnam Looks to Vbrkers 


. . Cmptied by Oar Staff From Dbpzirba 

HONG KONG — Asian economies, 
weighing the g*™* and losses of the yen's 
-surge against the dollar, are looking for in- 
creased Japanese investment but also are 
bracing for higher inflation and slower eco- 
rmnnciecoway. 

Analysts said Thursday that Japanese in- 
vestment in the region could grow as a result 
of the strong yen, but there might also be a 
slowdown in Japan’s domestic manufacturing 
. as companies shift production overseas, and 
the higher cost of imports from Japan could 
lead to more inflation and higher interest 
rates across Asia. . 

The jury is sfiH out, however, rax who could 
win or lose on the yen's strong move. South 
Korea sees greater market share for its prod- 
ucts, while Taiwan hopes to attract Japanese 
complies. Malaysia expects increases in 
technology transfers, the Phflippiiies fears 
loss of foreign investment, and Australia is 
worried that Asian growth may slow. 

Apart from its surge against the dollar in 
recent days, the yen also hit a historic high of 
12.26 South Korean won Thursday. The won 
is basically lmkeH to the dollar and has been 
Sx^Seen 80520 and 814.60 to thedoOar 
since the beginning of the year. 

Same economists in Seoul are predicting 
windfall gains in Sooth Korea as doUar-de- 
nominated products became cheaper overseas. 

“South Korean automobiles, steel, semi- 
conductors, shipbuilding and possibly petro- 
chemical products are expected to be big 
gainers from the strong yen,” said Ohn Ki Un 
of die state-financed Korea Institute for In- 
dustrial Economy. 

But the strong yen also means higher im- 
btQs. South Korea depends heavily on 


7m rrm v mr- Ti . ■ . 


Bloomberg Business News 

HANOI — Hoang Thach Ce- 
ment, one of Vietnam's largest 
cement producers, will make 
history Friday when it issues 
Vietnam's first corporate bond 
to raise an initial 50 hfnfrwi 
dong ($4.5 nnQion). 

The state-owned company 
awiwi to thrive an nationalistic 
fervor. “You won’t find any for- 
eigners, consultants or techni- 
cians around . here," says 
Nguyen Van Hanh, director of 
Hoang Thach Cement ; 

“This company was built 
with domestic capital and run 
with local experti s e," said Mr. 
Hanh, dressed, Hre all other of- 
fice workers, in blue trousers 
and a while shirt complete with 
the company logotype of a Hon 
with its paw on a bag of cement. 
- Mr. Hanh said high- technol- 
ogy e quipmen t from Denmark 


was the only overseas contribu- 
tion, and. management at 
Hoang Thach deariywould Hke 
to keep it that way. 

“It is the policy of our gov- 
emment to mobilize the savings 
of the people,” Mr. Hahn raid. 

Vietnam, is moving from a 
centrally planned to a market- 
based economy and needs an 
estimated S50 billion to fond its 
. eco n om ic transformation by 
200ft. While foreign investment 
win be the main source of capi- 
tal, Vietnam is counting rax rais- 
ing a substantial portion from 
- domestic sources. 

Mr. Hanh predicts that at 
least 2D bflbori dong of the 
bond issue wlB came horn em- 
ployees. “We are offering the 
woricers a discount on cement 
Cor -tiicfr lKmses-if^hcgf; are- 
bondholders," be said: . ” I* 


also has a huge trade deficit with Japan that is 
sure to worsen, if the yen stays strong. 

Higher import costs are also a problem fra 
Taiwan, with the strengthening yen expected 
to force up prices and fad inflation, said 
I Jang Cheng-chin, vice chair man of the Tai- 
wan C-ramrii for Economic Planning and De- 
velopment. Taiwan's manufacturers rely 


heavily on Japan for raw materials and pans. 

But Economy Minister Chiang Pin-kung 
said a decHning dollar could bring benefits to 
Taiwan industry. 

“The drastic jump in the yea will push 
more Japanese enterprises to shift their oper- 
ations abroad,” Mr. Chiang said. “It’s time 
far the island to woo Japanese investment." 

In the Philippines, analysts said the weak- 
ening of the dollar, particularly against the 
peso, could force expraters to close up and 
drive foreign investment away. 

- “The fact is a lot (^exporters, especially in 
the garment sector, are closing shop now” 

The jury is still out on who 
could win or lose in the yen’s 
, strong move. 

said Sezgjo Qrtiz-Luis, head of -the Philippine 
Exporters Confederation. 

In Sydney, economists said the strong yen 
could delay Japan’s recovery by raising prices 
of its exports; that in turn could depress 
Japanese demand for imparted raw materials, 
and Japanese demand is important to Austra- 
lian exporters. 

“The extra strength in the yen could poten- 
tially cut off emerging Japanese economic 

r rtfa, and that wm have an impact across 
region,” said Brace Freeland, an econo- 
mist at Commonwealth Bank of Australia. 

Malaysia, however, sees only a silver lining. 
Ramon Navaratnam, a former government 
economist now chief executive of Bank 
Btrruh, a commercial bank, said the rise of the 
yen was “a blessing in disguise, as it will 
ultimately result in cost-conscious Malay- 


In Singapore, though, some analysts see 
severe consequences if the dollar’s slide re- 
mains 

“If the U.S. dollar falls by too great a 
margin, it will eat into the profit margins of 
many a company in the world that trades in 
dollars,” Alex Chng of Alliance Securities 
said. (AFP, Reuters) 


China Feels Pressure From Yen Loans 


Bloomberg Business News 

BEIJING — The yen's recent appreciation 
has raised China's debt burden and made 
Japanese i mport s more expensive, the official 
rhfna Drily newspaper reported Thursday. 

During the past month, the Chinese yuan 
has faBen 5.7 percent against the yen, track- 
ing the 6.1 percent decline in the dollar's 
value against the Japanese currency. 

“First Of all, the rising yen is increasing the 
pressure on China to pay back Japan’s gov- 
ernment loans in yen,* the China Daily 
quoted Shi Yongbai, president of China's 
internatio nal Trade Research Institute, as 
saying. - 

... Between 1979 and August 1993, the Japa- 


nese government provided China with 1.7 
billion yen in loans, worth about SI 0.9 billion 
at previous prevailing exchange rates, the 
paper said. 

But the yea's rise, coupled with this year's 
depreciation of the yuan against the dollar, 
has pushed the value of those loans up by 
about 55 percent to $17 billion, the paper 
said. 

“So, in addition to interest, China has to 
pay a further $6 billion," the China Daily 
said. 

Japan has said it will discuss ways to allevi- 
ate pressures on China brought about by the 
rising yen, Mr. Shi said. 


Malaysia 

Tightens 

Reserve 

Restriction 

Compiled try Our Staff Asm Dispatches 

KUALA LUMPUR — In a 
move aimed at curbing infla- 
tion, Bank Negara on Thursday 
raised the amount of money 
banks must keep as reserves at 
the central bank for the third 
time this year, further limiting 
funds available for lending. 

The statutory reserve require- 
ment for commercial banks, fi- 
nance companies and merchant 
banks will rise one percentage 
point Friday, to 1 1 5 percent of 
their eligible liabilities. 

The Malaysian central bank 
said it had ordered the change 
to slow monetary expansion 
and keep inflation in check. 

Malaysia's broad measure of 
money supply, M-3, rose at an 
aiumai rate of 2L8 percent for 
die first five months of the year. 
Bank Negara said. 

Higher reserve requirements 
reduce the amount of money 
banks can lend from their own 
funds. The resulting reduction 
in credit is expected to restrain 
the supply of money and thus 
inflation. 

Malaysia 's -•»nnnalw’ftH infla- 
tion rate measured 3.7 percent 
in May, down from 3.9 percent 
in April. But in the first five 
months, inflation was 43 per- 
cent annually, compared with 
Bank Negara’s target of 4 per- 
cent. 

The higher reserve require- 
ment is expected to absorb 
about 2 billion ringgit ($768 
million) from the money mar- 
ket 

The bank raised the reserve 
requirement to 95 percent on 
Jan. 3 and to 203 percent on 
May 16 to mop up excess li- 
quidity. 

Bank Negara’s decision to 
switch to a lighter monetary 
policy also indicates (hat the 
central bank may be planning 
for the ringgit to continue its 
recent weakening. 

In allowing the ringgit to fall 
further, the central bank may 
be trying to chase speculative 
foreign funds out of Malaysia. 

Inflows of speculative for- 
eign funds this year were a ma- 
jor factor in the fall of Malay- 
sian interest rates. Short-term 
money now costs around 43 
percent a year, compared with 
an average of 6.4 percent in 
January. (Knighl-Ridder. 

Bloomberg) 


HongKong * 
HarigSdng ; O' 


Singapore: 
Straits- Times’ 


-Tokyo 

N«kfit22S 





1994..:;. 


[ Tr# 

1994 :• r 


.ESohanjjft 


Index:: 


Jakarta 


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.-149&IO TJ975.10; *0.71 

.-1,273,34 _• 1,272.77 *P.Q4 .. 

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.■i£9e^:7 i .992 27 ■ +0^74 
1,937.70 L ; 1^77.79 . -2.03 

Intcmaiiitul Herald Tnhunc 


7 8,7^41 -48^40^1.. +1:37 
"shrfjs Timas ' '[[&24SI Z24&41 *0.29 

• Sydney*:?::: • '>^75.10; +071 

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Kuala tiirnpQr ^^Cqmpbsite ; " 1,81138 1, 010.1 1,,+b?t5 

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,35531^ Stock fade* - 45LS0 : . : 45734 • 4A.C 

tJ^Zaateiid. N25E-4Q: - 

Sombay NaSon^Htidex 1,937.70^1^77.79. -2.03 

Sources.- Reuferc. AFP Irtcnuuiojl Herald Tnhunc 

Very briefly; 

• Mobfl Corp. has agreed to buy Vietnamese crude oil from an 
offshore field it discovered in 1 974; the Bach Ho (White Tiger) oil 
and gas field is 100 kilometers (62 miles) southeast of the southern 
port of Vung Tau. 

• Japanese nonlife insurers saw their paren i-company current and 
net profits fall in the year ended March 31, despite an increase in 

S remium revenue, the Marine & Fire Insurance Association of 
span Inc. said. 

• Singapore businessman Ong Beng Seng won control of the ailing 
Australian borne entertainment retailer Brash Holdings Ltd. 
through a 40 million Australian dollar ($29 million) cash offer that 
was accepted Thursday by Brash's creditors. 

• Australia's current account deficit, which measures the balance 
on the country’s trade and overseas payments, widened to 1.71 
billion Austr alian dollars in May, adding weight to calls for a 
tightening of monetary and fiscal policy, economists said 

• Ford Motor Co. said it would realign its Asian operations Friday 
to uy to make it possible for regional managers to respond better 
to their markets. 

• Japan’s housing starts in May rose 133 percent from May 1 993 
to 130,096 units, the Construction Ministry said 

AP, Reuters. AFX. Bloomberg 


Philippines Suspends Tax 


The Associated Press 

MANILA — The Supreme 
Court on Thursday indefinitely 
suspended a tax law one day 
before it was to take effect. But 
President Fidel V. Ramos said 
the tax should be given a chance 
to work. 

The court voted 11 to 4 to 
issue a temporary restraining 
order after several citizens’ 
groups questioned the constitu- 
tionalityof the expanded value- 


added tax law. which is similar 
to a sales tax. It set a public 
hearing for next Thursday. 

Since Mr. Ramos signed the 
law May 5, there have been 
complaints that prices of prime 
commodities had suddenly in- 
creased. 

The new tax was expected to 
distribute tax more equitably 
and to result in an additional 
8.3 billion pesos ($310 million) 
in annual tax revenue. 


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e 20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBITVE, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1994 


SPORTS 

3-Hitter E nds Jays’ 10-Game Slide 


The Associated Press 

Pat Hentgen’s ihree-hitter fi- 
nally put the brakes on the To- 
ronto Blue Jays' slide to oblivi- 
on. 

Behind his pitching, the Blue 
Jays halted a 1 0-game losing 
streak with a 5-0 victory 
Wednesday over the Brewers in 
Milwaukee. 

“Ten games in a row is just 
unbelievable," Hentgen said. 
“H you would have said we’d 
lose 10 in a row. i'd of laughed 
at you. Well, it happened." 

Hentgen walked three and 
struck out four in halting the 
Blue Jays' longest losing skid 
since 1981. when they dropped 
12 Straight- 

Randy Knorr gave Hentgen 
all the support he would need 
with a two-run homer, his 
fourth. 

Hentgen allowed a double 
and single to No. 9 hitler Jose 
Valentin and a ninth-inning 
single to Jody Reed in posting 
his third career shutout and 
second this season. 

Hentgen. the only Toronto 
starter with a winning record, 
didn't allow a runner past sec- 
ond base, and he got four dou- 
ble-play grounders in his fifth 
complete game. He has now 
shut out the Brewers over 17 


innings at County Stadium. 

“We obviously don’t want 
him to pitch here anymore, do 
we?" Milwaukee's "manager. 
Phil Garner, said. 

Toronto took a 3-0 lead in 
the second after Milwaukee 
third baseman Kevin Seltzer’s 
t wo- out error. John Olerud 
scored from second when Dick 
Schofield’s grounder went be- 
tween Seilzer's legs. Knorr. 

ALROIINDUP 

who has hit the Blue Jays' only 
two home runs in their last nine 
games, followed with a two-run 
shot off Ricky Bones. 

“1 didn't think it was going 
to go that far." Bones said. 

The Blue Jays' skid was the 
third-iongest in club history. 
They still have the AL's worst 
road record at 10-25. 

Yankees 4, Red Sox 3: Danny 
Tartabull, who had struck out 
in his three previous at-bats, 
homered leading off the 10th in 
Boston as New York won its 
eighth straight. 

It was Boston's 12th straight 
home loss. 

Pinch-hitLer Wes Chamber- 
lain had driven in the tying run 
in the bottom of the ninth with 


a ground out. But Steve Howe 
got out of a jam when left field- 
er Luis Polonia ran down Scott 
Fletcher’s drive to deep left 
with two outs and a runner on 
second. 

Jim Leyritz had a two-run 
homer ana three RBls for the 
Yankees. 

Orioles 7, Indians 6: Chris 
Sabo singled home the winning 
run as the Orioles strung to- 
gether three straight two-out 
hits in the 10th inning in Cleve- 
land. 

Baltimore won for the fifth 
time in its last six games, all on 
the road, and improved its 
league-leading road record to 
24-13. Cleveland has lost four 
of five at Jacobs Field since 
setting a team mark with 18 
straight home victories. 

White Sox 7, Royals 6: Tim 
Raines’s single drove in Ozzie 
Guillen, who had walked on 
four pitches to open the bottom 
of the ninth, and Chicago, play- 
ing at home, beat Kansas City. 

Chicago tied it 6-6 in the fifth 
on Julio Franco's 12th homer. 
Vince Coleman went 3-for-5 
and stole three bases for the 
Royals. 

Athletics 1, Angels 0: Scott 
Brosius’s ninth-inning home 
run. the first hit off Chuck Fin- 


ley since the second inning, beat 
visiting California and extend- 
ed Oakland’s winning streak to 
seven. 

Brosius's sixth home run 
made a winner of Dennis Eck- 
ersiey after rookie Carlos Reyes 
held the Angels to two nits 
through eight innings. Eckers- 
ley pitched a perfect ninth. 

Finley allowed Tour hits, 
struck out five and walked 
three. 

Rangers 11, Twins 10: Dean 
Palmer led off the ninth with a 
game-tying homer, his second, 
and Jeff Frye won it with a 
sacrifice fly as visiting Texas 
beat Minnesota. 

Texas, which earlier blew a 
six-run lead, fell behind, 10-9. 
in the eighth when Chuck 
Knoblauch hit a sacrifice fly for 
the Twins. 

Kirby Puckett, one of four 
Minnesota players with two 
RBls, had four hits. He leads 
the AL with 72 RBls. 

Mariners 9, Tigers 4: Jay 
Buhner's home run ignited a 
five-run rally in the seventh as 
Seattle beat visiting Detroit. 
Edgar Martinez went 4-for-4 
with a homer, two runs scored 
and two RBls for the Mariners. 



- JiTT Havncw Sgcwc Fr«fct-.I‘«ev< 

Cal Ripken scored a run the hard way, then the Orioles beat the Indians in the -10th. 


Williams 
Sets Mart 

The Associated Press 

; LOS ANGELES — Matt 
Williams oT the San Fran-, 
dsco Giants broke .’Willie 
Stargell’s 1971 National 
League record Wednesday 
night with his 29th home 
run before, the end of June. 

! . Williams, who tied the 

mark Wednesday night 
agains t the Dodgere” right- 
hander Orel Herahiser. 
drove a 2-T pitch -into left 
field off righthander Ra- 
• mori Martinez in the fourth 

ir yping. 

Martinez,', who still 
pitched a five-bitter, also 
twice as the Dodgers won 
/the game, 6-2. 

The Giants* third .base- 
man, who didn't hit his 
29th ■ homer last year until 
ScpLA- is on a pace to hit 
59. Hack Wilson set the NL 
record of 56 in 1930. 

Williams, who set a Gi- 
ants franchise record for 
thir d baseman with a ca- 
reer-high 38 homers last 
season, has homered in five 
of his last eight games. 


Braves’ Smoltz Beats Expos, and Homers Send Ballplayers a Copy-Right Letter 


The Associated Press 

John Smoltz was well rested, 
and that meant trouble for the 
Montreal Expos. 

Smoltz, returning from an 
eight-game suspension for hit- 
ting New York’s John Cange- 
lost with a pitch, got his first 
home run or the year and al- 
lowed just three hits over eight 
innin gs Wednesday as the At- 
lanta Braves woo, 6-2, in Mon- 
treal. 

Bill Pecota drove in three 
runs as Atlanta ended a four- 
game losing streak and regained 
a 1 14-game lead over Montreal 
in the NL East The Expos had 
scored 15 runs in the first two 
games of the series. 

“I used the time off wisely,” 
Smoltz said. “I worked diligent- 
ly but didn’t overwork myself. I 
was in a good mindset, knowing 
Td only have one start in 10 
games. I didn’t have to worry 
about the Phillies, didn't have 


to wony about the Mels. I just 
concentrated on Montreal. 
Pitchers don't usually have that 
luxury." 

“This wasn't a make-or- 
break series for anybody.” said 
the Braves manager, Bobby 
Cox. “But you certainly don't 
want to get swept.'* 

Smoltz said he used the 10 

NL ROUNDUP 

days off to recover from various 
aches and pains. 

“1 felt great today." he said. 
“1 wouldn’t say 1 had my best 
slider, but 1 kept them off-bal- 
ance. I haven't felt this good 
with my fastball in a long time." 

He allowed an unearned run, 
struck out seven and walked 
two. 

Prior to his first at-bat. in the 
third inning, Smoltz said, he 
told teammate Dave Gallagher 
that he was going to swing at 


the first pitch, no matter wfaat. 

"After 1 rounded the bases, 
Gallagher told me, ‘Great strat- 
egy,’ ” Smoltz said. 

It was his third homer in the 
majors. 

Smoltz gave up only a lea doff 
single to Marquis Grissom, 
Henry’s one-out single in the 
fifth and Semi Berry’s pinch- 
double in the eighth. 

Phillies 5, Marlins 2: Danny 
Jackson held visiting Florida to 
four hits over eight innings and 
Doug Jones gained his league- 
leading 20th save in Philadel- 
phia. Kevin Stocker scored one 
run and drove in two. 

Astras 3, Reds I: Kevin Bass 
and Jeff Bagwefl homered in the 
eighth to give Houston its vic- 
tory after visiting Cincinnati’s 
Jose Rijo pitched a five-hit 
shutout through seven innings 
with seven strikeouts. 

Cubs 6, Pirates 5: Glenallen 


Hill's two-run, bases-loaded 
double with two outs in die 
ninth in Chicago beat Pitts- 
burgh. 

Hill, who homered for a 4-0 
lead in the fifth, doubled off 
Mark Dewey and drove in Rey 
Sanchez and Shawon Dunston. 
Orlando Merced’s three-run 
homer in a four-run seventh 
tied the score and his sacrifice 
fly put the Pirates ahead in the 
eighth. 

The Cubs’ starter, Anthony 
Young, retired 16 straight bat- 
ters before leaving with stiff- 
ness in his right elbow after six 
innings, allowing just two hits. 

Padres 10, Rockies 4: Pinch- 
hitters Bflly Bean tied the score 
with a triple in the seventh and 
fellow pinch hitter Craig Ship- 
ley followed one out later with 
an RBI single as San Diego won 
in Denver. 


By Murray Cbass 

New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — The Cinc inna ti Reds 
recently received a letter from their own- 
er. “Love, Marge Schott.” she signed it 

Players for the Oakland Athletics re- 
ceived a letter from the chairman of their 
team. “Very truly yours, Wally Haas," he 
signed it 

The owner of the Florida Ma rlins 
wrote to his players, too, but opted for 
the more info rmal, “Sincerely, Wayne.” 

To say that these owners and the other 
25 wrote to their players is not literally 
correct. They sent their players letters 
with their signatures, but they didn't 
write the letters. ' 

• That is, they didn’t write than unless 
they all had the same exact thought and 
wrote the same exact words. 

The form letter was provided by the 
Player Relations Committee. Addressed 


to each player individually by first name, 
■the letters began: . . ' 

“Enclosed is ■ a memorandum -Jrona. 

. Dick Rayitch, the owners;’ chief nqgotia- 

• we- mad^L^ymir nnion ^on ^ne°M! 
Because T believe that the current round , 
of bargaining is crucial to both sides, I 
have decided to ccnnmunicate to . you 
directly , the terms of the proposal we 
gave to the umon." . ■ 

Tbeletter goes on to say tbat"“commu- 
nications can be difficult'' because own- ' 
ers and players are “spread across the 
country.’ 

Then each owner purported to say: 
“For instance, I have read statements 
indBcating. that, under our proposal, 
four- and five-year players would have 
less bargaining leverage than they do 
today." 

Did the -owners themselves actually 
read those statements? Probably only if 
their labor negotiators .included the 


statements in a package with the form 
letter they were told to send to their 
■players under their names. 

' The letters are so identical, that in the 
tirird paragraph of each, the word “each” 


u Il is my hope,". each owner said -in 
conclusion — and collusion? — “that 
you will stay fully informed on .the im- 
portant matters at issue in these labor 
negotiations- so that you will be able to 
make decisions that are fair to you but 
also, in the best interests, of baseball. 1 
.will kpep you posted on the progress of 
the tuigotiatigns,"- 

- As the ‘dinching gunmidc on these - 
personal letters, the alleged authors had 
.their secretaries' type, then imtials as the 
person; who wrote or dictated the letter. 

. Except HWH and WJH didn’t write 
-the letter. \ 

: - Die initials' should have been RR or 
CPOorRM or LM or JW or .whichever - 
other executiye or lawyer wrote- it. 





■: .-A 


In. 


>:• • V • "5 ‘! 



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Every winner, every ace. every point from Wimbledon’s 
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. Wimbledon's size. The pure geography of the complex was the 
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Working dtwely with IBM. Wimbledon dovdo- . 
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world's premie/ tournament. During the - 
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past, as well as player, statistics and profiles. 

Tbqr ^vw.Utem plenty to talk xbaot in breaks of play or 
during iIkwc “oh so rare' rain delays. Around the complex. - 
similar information systems ore available for the press, players 
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t •-* , ;y - 











’ o* J 





INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY I, 1994 


Page 21 


In NBA Draft 


By Clifton Brown 

New Yori. Times Service 

INDIANAPOLIS — Glenn 
Robinson wore No. 13' in col- 
lege. but this time, his. number 
was I. 

As expected the Mil waukee 
Bucks selected Robinson with 
the first pick in the National 
Basketball Association draft 
Wednesday night • 

The 6-foot, 8-inch (203<enti- 
meter) forward was one of 20 
college juniors who declared 
themselves eligible for (he draft, 
and there was little question 
that he would be the No. 1 pick 
from the moment he decided to 
1 enter. The Bucks never serious- 
ly considered trading the No. 1 
? pick, although they had numer- 
ous offers. Robinson was the 
' man Milwaukee wanted. 

He was the college player of 
the year at Purdue, averaging 
3CL3 points to lead the nation in 
scoring. The Bucks, who fin- 
tished with a 20-62 record la st 
season, hope he will join Vin 
“ ' i on the front line to lead 
team back torespectabfl- 


eoby Arkansas. Hill and Joe 
Damars will become the nude- 
us the Pistons hope can lead 
them bade to being a contender. 

better than 



jeed about the pressure of 
jeSng the first pick, Robinson 
said: “In one respect, it’s bad 
because people are going to ex- 
pect for me to do more than 
what 1 can do." 

With the second pick; the 
Dallas Mavericks took Jason 
Kidd, a 6-fqot-4 point guard 
from the University of Califor- 
nia. There was predraft specula- 
tion that the Mavericks might 
nuke a late change and select 
Grant HQ1 of Duke. 

But Kidd had an impressive 
workout with the Mavericks, 
who needed a point guard after 
trading Derek Harper to the 
New York Knicks m January, 

guard in the^lraft. KidtMias 
extraordinary passing drills and 
court vision, along with quick- 
ness and excellent size tor a 
point guard. Ou Isa de shooting is 
the biggest question mark con- 
cerning Kidd, but the Maver- 
icks are bopihg his jumper im- 
proves quickly with hard work. 

With Kidd, Jim Jackson and 
Jamal Mashbuxs, the Maver- 
icks have three young players 
who should keep them from be- 
r j the worst team in tbe league 
i? the third consecutive -sea- 

on. 

: “It’s going to be exciting to 
pass to Jimmy, Jamal and Sean 
Rocks and hopefully Roy Tar- 
pley,” said Kidd. “My idol is 
Magic Johnson and only Magic. 
I've looked up to him and treed 
to follow in his footsteps. I 
know that's a hard thing to do, 
but I really patterned my game 
after Magic.” 

HiD was chosen third, by De- 
troit, which looked like a major 
break for the Pistons. Many 
scouts believe that HID, a 6-8 
swingman from Duke, is the 
best player in the draft. Cer- 
tainly, Hill is among the most 
versatile. He can play three po- 
sitions — small forward and 
both guard spots, and Hill is 
also a superb defender. 

Just as important. Hill is a 
winner. He played on national 
championship teams in 1991 
and 1992, then led the Blue 
Devils to the National Colle- 
giate Athletic Association tour- 
nament championship game 
this year, where they were 


anyone, and I feel Tin at my 
best when there are no restric- 
tions on me, when I can just go 
out and pfay, 7 ’ IED said Td 
like to ihmk I’ll play '^iTi for- 
ward, but f do a little of every- 
thing.” ... 

The top nine picks went as 
most scouts expected ~ Robin- 
son, Kidd, Hfll, DonyeJl Mar- 
shall at No. 4 to the Minnesota 
Timberwdves; Juwan Howard, 
No. 5 to the Washington Bul- 
lets; Sharone Wright, No." 6 to 
the Philadelphia 76ers; La- 
mam! Murray, No. 7 to the Los 
Angeles Oippfcrs; Brian Grant 
No. 8 to. the Sacramento King s, 
and Eric Mbntrpss; Na 9 to the 
Boston Celtics. 

The biggest predraft trade ru- 
mor was that the Chicago Bulls 
would tracLe Scottie Pippeu and 
W 21 Perdue' to the Seattle Sa- 
lomes in exchange, for 
lwn Kemp, Ricky Kate and 
Seattle’s first-round pick, the 
1 1th of the drafL/But that trade 
did not materialize, as the Bulls 
' apparently decided that trading 
tneir AD-Star forward would be 
too mnch of a gamble. 

The New Jersey Nets made a 
surprise pick at No. 14, select- 
ing Ymka Due, a 7-1 center 
from Nigeria, New Jersey was 
expected to draft a shooting 
guard, and Dare only played 
two seasons for George Wash- 
ington University, leaving after 
his sophomore season. But 
while Dare win be a project, tbe 
Nets felt they needed help at 
carter, where Benoit Benjamin 
started last season. 

The New York Knicks used 
the second of their two first- 
round picks to select Charlie 
Wand of Florida State with the 
No. 26 choice. 

Ward, who won the Hrisman 
Trophy last season as the best 
college football player in the 
nation, was the quarterback: at 
Florida State. He was bypassed 
in the National Football 
League draft and has decided to 
devote himself full-time, to bas- 
ketball 



Navratilova, Martinez 
Gain Women’s Final 


By Leonard Shapiro 

Washington pea Service 

WIMBLEDON, England — 
The murmur from the packed 
house at Centre Court was 
clearly audible and growing 
louder by the moment after 
Martina Navratilova bad taken 
all of 90 seconds to win every 
point in the first two games of 
her Wimbledon semifinal 
Thursday aeainst Gifri Fernan- 
dez, her 
partner. 

And Fernandez was thinking 
exactly the same thought as 
most in the crowd, U 1 was going 
'Oh, no, please let me win a 
point,' ” Fernandez said later. 
And so she did. 

in the aid, there were not 
enough of them to prevent a 6- 
4, 7-6 (8-6) victory by Navrati- 
lova that left both women smil- 
ing with great joy when it was 
over- 

Navratilova, 37 and playing 
her 22d and last Wimbledon 
singles competition, now has a 


puff of ehalk dust to gain tbe 4-1 lead in the tiebreaker, but 
advantage. That was followed Fernandez came flying back, 
by a smash of a last-gasp tying at 5-5 with a lopspin lob 
McNeil lob set up by a hard and taking a 6-5 lead with yet 
groundstroke that put McNeil another bnliiam return of serve 
on the run deep on the baseline down the line. 

-« a, But Navratilova won the next 

WOf ^ points, hitting a forehand 
id thirrt-spwlpri has nev- ^ ^ backhand 


and third-seeded here, has nev 
sr been to a Grand Slam final. 
To get there, she easily held her 

own serve in the final game, 

f raming ending the match with a searing 
6 topspin backhand winner past 
McNeil rushing up to the net 
one last time. 

It was the end of a warm. 


return of serve for 7-6 and her 
first match point. It was the 
only one rite needed. 

After rallying briefly from 
the baseline, Navratilova came 
dashing to the net and hit a high 
volley Fernandez watched go 


set and match Navrati- 


sunn y day of often brilliant psst her eyes and drop at least 
tennis, even if Fernandez got two feet inside the baseline for 
off to such a horrendous start 
against Navratilova earlier in 
the day before regaining her 
touch both at the net and on 
the baseline. 

Primarily a doubles special- 
ist for most of her career, Fer- 
nandez had never before beat- 
en Navratilova in seven 


lova. 

“I thought it was going out," 
Fernandez said of that last shot. 
“I was right there and 1 let it go. 
Bad judgment." 

But a great day for both 
women. 

“I didn’t want it to end," Fer- 
nandez said. “I was having too 


previous matches. Sbe'd won 

chance to win a 10th champion- ^ ^ sets they d much 

SS SgSX&SSXZ When k did end. Nnwnd- 

time doubles partner, can take , . 

solace from her brilliant plav w f 

that extended her friend to thb P 1 ^ hcr ldt ,C S heavJ y f 
very limit of her considerable laj^ ^iwent a recunence of 
gfcjfe an mjured hamstring, which she 


k LeiMihxiUl ■ Afdnv hiaivc-Pn%« 

Martina Navratilova saved two set points in hoMbg off Gigi Fernandez, 6-4, 7-6 (8-6). 


Jordan Is Ready to Return 
To Bulls, Newspaper Says 

The Associated Press 

CHICAGO — The Chicago Bulls will Kkdy have Michael 
Jordan bade in urufonn this rah, a Chicago newspaper report- 
ed Wednesday.. 

Tbe Chicago Sun-Times, citing an unidentified source, said 
Jordan “has just about decided” to leave the Class AA 
Birmingham Barons when the minor league baseball team's 
season cads on Sept. 3 and rejoin the Bulls in tune for the start 
of the National Basketball Association season in October. 

A Trine-time AH-Star before quitting basketball last year, he 
is sot posting AD-Star numbers in his new sport, hitting .197 
with 26 RBIs, 29 walks and 73 strikeouts in 269 at-bats. 

“this has been difficult for Michael,” the source said. “He’s 
been so frustrated that bis bitting hasn’t clicked consistently 
. . . that he’s letting down bis teammates.” 

Jordan was traveling with the Barons, a Ch ica g o White Sox 
farm team , and could not be reached for comment 
' A spokeswoman Tor tbe Bulls denied that Jordan's return 
was imminent, and a spokesman for the Barons said he 
doubted it, loo. 

“It goes against everything he's said all season,” the Barons’ 


Players Picked in the NBA’s Draft 


FIRST ROUND 

T.Mflw^ Glenn RoMnson, f, Ptirtfue; 2. Dal- 
las. Jason Kkkt a, CaL; 1 Detrolt.Croat Ml II. f. 
DuKv; 4 Mina. DarmH.Monnott, f. Com; 5. 
Wash. Jinwn Howard,! Mldv 4. PhR. Star 
one WrtoM, c, Ctomson; 7. ljl Citopera. Lo- 
mond Murray, (. coU B. Sacramento. Brian 
Grant, t.Xoviw; 9. Boston. ErtcMontross.c, 
IL Carolina; TO. LA. Lafcets, Eddie Janes, C 
Tetneto; It Seattle (from Cboriatta). Carlo 
Robww&Tw>i.SL; 1Z AUwnkKhDnd Reevo. 
a. Arte.; It Denver, Jnlen Rose. s. Mich.,- K 
NO. Ymfca D»n c, Gcoraa Washtaohm; is. 
indkna Eric Plattowttl. f. Hear.; 14. GoMen 
State (tram Owetandl.ClHfardltelw.LuiJta- 
vflto; 17. FtarttattAaran McKfe-a. Tamale; NL 
MB. (from Orlando), Eric Mahler, c, Pitt. 

». Ootics (from GoMen state), Tony Du- 
rnas,fl,MlosaurHUtnsaiCMy;aB.PMI. (from 
Utah). B-l. TVMr, a. Taxes; 21. Otic, Dicker 
Stanoktra. I, Providence; 22. San Anton to. BIO 
Curtev, t, Boston CoL; 23, Phoenix. Wesley 
Permua, Autwni; 24.NH. Y.Moutv Mfltann, 
L Notre Dame: XL l_A. Clhmers (from Aftaiv 
ia>, Oran Minor, a, Uxitsvllle; 26. H.Y. l from 
Houston through Altanta), Chortle Want a 
Florida St: 27. Ortondo (from Seattle mraush 
l_A. CBPPari), Brooks Ttwromm, a, Oklahoma 
St 

SECOND ROUND 

28. Deltas, Dean Thornovl, lit; V. Phoenix 
(from Detroit thrown 5w» Antonio), Antonia 
Lana, l Duke; 30. Minn. Hamnl Eteiey, a. 
Boston CaL; n. Orlando Itranv wmMnoten 
through Mlfw. one Denver), Rodnav Dent, L 
Kent; 33. Wash. Jim Mcltvatae, c. Mar- 
aaenr; 3&PML Derrick Alston, cDuaueenr; 
StAttantallroni l_A. Cl toper?). GavionMtck- 
ereon.fl,N.W.OkWKHna St; 35. Socronxn i lo. 


Michael smWvf. Providence: 3t Baetan, An- 
drei Feftwv.c Russta; 37- Seenle I (ram LA. 
Lakers). Donjonto WlneKcld. I, ClncL 
38. ChorlaBe, Darrin HancocK. O. Kan- 39. 
GoMen St (from Demor), Anthony Minor. L 

Mich. SL 40- MtomLJtflWriJster LOW J 41.1ml 

dram NJ. terauNt PWU. widtam Nloku. t. 
Can.' <GLCJev. Gary Collier, B-TuWij 43. Port- 
land Sieronede Scott, c St Jotert; 44. Ind, 
Damon Baltay, a. Indteno; 45. Golden St. 
Dwayne Morton t. Loulsvtlla; 46- MUw. dram 
Ofiondo), voshon LenonL ■> Mterv; 47. Uldv 
Jamie Watson, f. South Carolina. 

48. Delr. (from Son Antonio fftreuoti Soero- 

mento), Jevon Cruke. f. Miasm 49. Chk- 
Krls Bruton a. BenedkJ. South Carolina,' SO. 
Phoenix, Chorles Ctaxtan, c.Geor. ; SI. Sacro- 
mente (from Altanta), Lawrence Fimder- 
hurtce, f, Ohio SL- 52. PMenix (tram N.Y.), 
Anthony GaMnrtre, th Houston. 


For Navratilova, her dream P^led m her quarterfinal match 
of bowing out at Wimbledon in Tuesday, yet anolher reason she 
the final at Centre Court is now «« considered such a heavy 
reality underdog. . 

“What a way to go.” she said. M It was probably about a mil- 
“This is what I dreamed about. 10 °“ e ». s “ e 83,(1 of her 
Win or lose, obviously I'm go- c ‘ ianccs winrun ^- 
ing to be busting my gut out Yet, even in that first set, 
there to win. down 5-1 in the opening 20 

“But this is what I wanted, minutes of the match, she never 
To go out in style, and either let up and never lost hope. And 
way, I'm going out in style. Fm across the net, Navratilova said, 
going to absolutely enjoy every she could see her Aspen, Colo- 
momenL” rado, neighbor gaining confi- 

Those moments will come on dence the longer the match 
Saturday against Conchita went on. 

Martinet of Spain, who also ad- Fernandez managed to get 

vanned to the final with style within 5-4, breaking Navratilo- 
and substance in ending Lori va’s serve once, before eventu- 
McNeiTs hopes of being the ally succumbing. In the second 
first black woman since Althea set. she broke Navratilova again 
Gibson in 1957-58 to win the for a 4-2 advantage and held for 
most prestigious title in tennis, a 5-2 lead. 

Martinez needed two hours During the rest between 
and 34 minutes to dispose of games, the crowd was murmur- 
McNeiL 3-6, 6-2, 10-8, the long- ing again. This time, the possi- 
est last set in a women’s Wim- bility of what surely would 
bledon semifinal since 1919. have been one of the greatest 
McNeil bad opened up the upsets in the history of the 
draw in this event last week by sport, was clearly on every- 
upsetting die top-seeded de- one’s mind, 
fending champion, Steffi Graf. But Navratilova had other 
And on Thursday she came so ideas. She won her own serve to 
tantalizingly close to gaining gel to 5-3, then broke back in 
her first Grand Slam final the ninth game, saving one set 
“I'm disappointed," McNeil point when Fernandez netted 
said. “1 thought I was pretty an easy forehand volley. Navra- 
dose, and yet not quite there.” tilova look the advantage with a 
Instead, Martinez became crisp forehand return of service, 
the first Spanish woman in a then got the match back on 
Wimbledon final since 1928. serve with a running save of a 
She finally broke McNeil in the Fernandez drop volley that she 
17th gamp of their marathon whacked down the fine for a 
match with a brilliant backhand winner, 
return of serve that sent up a Navratilova opened an early 


lova stepped over the net and 
embraced her friend as they 
walked over to the bench. As 
the crowd stood and applaud- 
ed both their efforts, Navrati- 
lova sat slumped in her chair, 
her head buried in her hands 
from the emotion of the mo- 
ment. 

Seconds later, Fernandez sat 
down next to her, whispered in 
her ear and told her she hoped 
she would win on Saturday. 
Then they exchanged high fives 
and walked off the court togeth- 
er with huge smiles on their 
faces. 

“This is definitely the best 
she’s played,” Navratiloya said. 
“I always thought she was very 
talented and had great poten- 
tial. She's lived up to it in the 
doubles here, but not the sin- 
gles, and now she did that here. 
I’m happy for her. 

“You have to separate the 
friendship and the competi- 
tion. I know we’re going to still 
be friends regardless of who 
wins. Gigi was a great sport 
during the match. Me too. 
We're not going to pull any 
punches. Then after the match, 
we can still put our arms 
around each other and say hell 
of a match.” 

In both women's semifinals 
this glorious afternoon of ten- 
nis, yes it was. 


Match Results 

WOMEN’S DOUBLES, QUARTERFINALS 
Gk>J Nno w te UA. and Natalia Zvorern 
Belarus, ( 1 ).daf. Linda Marvcy-Wl M. U.S. and 
CttafKla RuBta. US- 6-1.4-844I; Jana Novotna. 
Czech RopuBI Ic. and Aran txoSancnu vi oorte 
(3), Sacia del. Pam Sftrtvcr, U.S~ and Eliza- 
beth Smyiie (SI, Australia. 6-2. 4-4. 


SCOREBOARD 


p. iticzi 


•t ; 1 a ■ 

ii-» .•,=-. -■*£ a? i«!A- 

Pffior League Standings 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 

EostOtvtsMa 


New Yerv 

91 L 
47 27 

Pet. 

4X5 

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Baltimore 

43 33 

Sn 

4» 

Boston 

37 M 

493 

ion 

Detroit 

34 38 

AM6 

11 

Taranto 

32 <3 

Air 

15% 

OevMond 

Central Wvfttaa 
43 » 

589 

— 

Chltaoo 

42 32 

548 

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kansosCRV 

40 U 

52* 

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IT 34 

520 

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Milwaukee 

36 « 

474 

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Texas 

West DtvMMi 
K 4» 

MS 

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Seeflte 

32 44 

421 

392 

Cal Horn la 

33 46 

4W 

4 

Oakland 

32 * 

416 

4 

NATIONAL LEAGUG 
EaslDIvtetaa 

W L WCL 

08 


znonta 
Montreal 
FMafelpNa 
Ftartaa 
now York 

Cincinnati 
Mom tan 
Si. Louis 

PKKburen 

Chknoo 


Las Angel« 
CcaraaD 
SdA Franc oca 
SanOwpo 


J7 29 JSO 

33 its 

39 M SOS 

31 <1 MB 

33 *3 *434 

CrairaJ ptvtiten 

44 32 si* 

42 » MS 

38 34 S' 4 

XT 38 A *3 

33 42 Ml 

WtrtDhriSlon 

40 33 -5W 

S 42 Ml 

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31 47 Sn 


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413 

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tterw Kartawiai (7). W— HJternaadei. M. 
L— Brower, 3-L HRa-ChlcaBO. Franco Q2), 
Vtataro (13). Kansas Oty, Jar (M. 

W HI Ml W M 1 
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OautMt, etcMiom IS), LaSmm tn and 
Hodu. Tadortt HI; Dejltortlae. Qgw (4). 
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honw 5-L L Mes a, 7-4. Sv-L&smHh, an. 

H**-Ctevetand.B*ne QZI, Murray rm.Bcri- 

ttawra. Hodts «3J- 

■23 2*1 W-H M 1 
818 308 818-11 13 1 

Carpenter IS), Hasrati Ml, WWta- 

ate (•>, cover (»>, Henke (9) aid JJOrttu 
□rsttaies, wnas Ml. Guthrie (7). Stevens (7). 
ApuHera (9) andWalb^fc.W— WWteskte, »4L 
L— AsutlertA 0-2. Sv— Henke Ui. HRs-Mto- 
Msata Mock (10), PMimac (4). Texas, JXtaa- 
2tM2 OT), Palmer 2 02). Greer IS). 

NATIONAL LSASUB 
FWMi 008 m 0*8—3 4 1 

MUtadetpMa *•' ***^* 9 * 

Noi«, Harvey I B>, Mutts (t). Johnstone (8) 
cni Sttaftapo; Jacttoo, JomaW and Pratt 
w— jackson. IK L— Rapt*. 4-4. Sv-Jana 
(20L MR— Florida Santtaao «*>- 
CUdmatl OH 0*1 8H— 1 S 1 

HoatNM 009 Ml o»-a » » 

Rita. MCENW (U end TooOOFSM.-fteyn- 
OKU. PmveU (81. veras IS), Hodefc (9) and . 
cuebiaStfrofs m.w-v*n*fc»4 L— Mefil- 
toy.l-3. o»-Hudek ItJl. HRs-+toujtan. Bob- 

. . . 

uaafroaf 900 HO HI— 1 4 X 

SSKBz.McMiCfcael (91 and OUrtai; Henry, 
SXJW (A), Scott (« aw) Fletcher. W Srntett. 
M. l— H enry, 4-1. HR — Altanta. Smoltz Of. 
p miWIGa OH HO 418-4 8 8 

Sow* 083 W m-* n 8 

Neaete. Minor (M.Wtete QXMatBOndto (8), 
Dewey (9t aid SMlti You n* none 17). 
BOB Mita(7LCrtraWdndPorart,wa)itas(9). 
yu— Crttic >t. L 7Z HR*— PW>- 

wjrrt. Mined WL CWoa»- HU W- 
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Hn a (8> OBA HUttmi R»l BWr -CD. 

SuLooe tn. SJte«d t». Watta" (« «>d &*■ 

ZS^TNW«.34. L-tSWr,tM. Sw— PA> 
Muntaez OL HW-Sao DkSO, ftBtU {WJ, 
«“>• E.W0UBBN OJ. 

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r^rtwn>l.HRWAWcllDCJillt).Sqn 

FtatdKb MaJMIdom £29) ON Wterttltt 

Tto Michael Jordan Watch 


Aral gam he struck eat In ttw second kuilna 
and arouaded out hi the faurte and seventh 
lnnlap. in Dw nm ondgomet he struck eel In Ihe 
second tnataewaunded out In ttw fourth, bunk 
ed cotta the sixth and walked tn the seventh. No 
baits were Mt to hkn In rtettf fiekf hi the flTsf 
flame; He coated 4 flybys in me second Horne. 

SEASON TO DATE; Jordon Is JS-for-ZW 
and Is t a il i ng .197. He bas 12 doubles, one 
triple. 28 SBL 29 walks, 73 strikeouts and 28 
■Men bases In33 attempts. He has 137 putauti, 
two assist* and etoh) errors in rtaht flckL 

Japanese Leagues 

CeetrU Leogse 



W 

L 

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Yomkjrl 

42 

22 

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454 

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32 

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28 

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Yokult 3. Yokohama 2 

Pacific League 

15W 


W 

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39 

22 

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35 

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5>x» Round 

133. Ottawa. Datflet ABredsson. I. E rotunda 
ISvraden) 13A New York RonBerstfram Hart- 
ford). Yura Litvinov, c, Soviet Wkss (Rus- 
sia). 148, PhUadetDMa. Alexander Setvanov, 
nr, Spartak. 141, Sait Jose, Alexander Karo- 
Irak, c, soviet wtnai( Russia). 145, WosMna- 
tov Dlnritrl MekesMn. a Avanoard Omsk 
(Russia). 149, Caloary, Patrtk Haltta, a, For- 
lestad ( Sw eden). 150, Dallas. Evgeny Petro- 
chWn. d, Spartak, 15X Detroit, Pavel Agor- 
kov. t, Soviet Wings ( Russia). 154, PHtsburati, 
Votenftn Morozov, e. Red Army t Russia}. 

jitf nlli ffppni 

M2, Edmontsa DtoiWriro SuRxv nt, T ) van 
Minsk (Russia). 1S7. San Jose. Sergei Gorba- 
chev. L Dynama Moscow. 1(9, VtsKauver. 
Yurt Kuznet s ov, c. A vangonl Otrak 1 Russia I . 
172. SL Louis. Roman VopaL c. LWvtnov I Rus- 
sia). MS, New York R tx v w v . Alexei Lazar- 
enko. t. Red Amy (Russia). 

ElpMti Round 

186. Winn taw. Ravil SaituHn, 1. Avangard 
OmsklRunstaUJO, Tempo Bav.Alexd Bora- 
nov.d, Dvnoma Moscow. 200 l MontreaL Peter 
Strom. L Fratunda (Sweden). 2CO, New York 
Islanders (tram Boston), Peter Hogardh. c. 
Frokmta (Sweden)- 3D&, Pittstwroh. Boris 
Zetenka f, Red Army (Russia). 


Thursday* Resorts 
Dotal L Nippon Haro 0 
Orix vs. KlRtBBtb OPdU rata 


HOCKEY 


Otter Pktrerwtrra Rwwb teamwiaiBen 
III M tad Rite rounds el ■» drefl: 

TWrtl Reund 

SL Tampa Boy (tram Ottawa). Vodfcn 

KeotictiWscv.c. Moscow ScarW - 6Z PNia- 
deutala. Arletn AMtimav, d, ttu Kman ( Ruir 
stnLM. Toronto drum Ntw.York Islanders), 
Aldrtt Media, i,SundsvaH (Swedmi.iASan 
Jaw {tram CMeono). Alexet YeftMW. i St 
PitarAurA TllMaMraaL Marks KtarvsotCtt 
TPS (nmandl. 76. pittstwroh. Alexet Krtv- 
dwnfca. d Red Army (Russlal. 

FonrtB Raved 

M, Tunwe 8dY. Dtrodrl KJevsktar t Spcntak. 

V, Quebec, MUon HeUk*. t PtroMsiee 

vice (Czech]. « Edmataon (from Bu(Wo), 
Juud Tteeal w effcAlC ata a (fTntand).9k Mort- 
itw>j,Artoicuia.c.eip<w (Finland). 97. CoB» 
rv, Johan Fk m str om , d. Regie (Sweden). TO 
Now 1 York RonoeratirainTorantal.ANitotidBr 
KoraMta, <L Owtyansk (Russia), m New 
Jersey, &tmek Shmwte t Lttvfcwv IQMil. 

nm Round 

tot MoWn. Peml Tnm O. Plzen 
(Cacti). 187, Co tear* (hum ottowo through 
New JersevL Ntsse flmw, t, Hter w wtw 
(SwedwU-TXkSL Unite. Edvln Frvten.d,Vai- 
teresl5w Ed enH23.Cateory, Frank Appet it 
DoptUori (Gormanvl 


2D 9. Hew York Ranges (from Florida), Vi- 
tal! Yeraaemv. a Katnenoaonk (Russia]. 
212, WtantaeB, Henrik Smmua. a. Leksand 
(Sweden). B3, Loo Angeles, Jen Nemecek. d. 
Budeiavfc* (Czech). 21A Tampa Boy, Yuri 
Smirnov, L Spark* (RussiQ). 21 B, Ptdkktet- 
pWd. Johan Hedherg. a. Leksand (Sweden). 
219. San Jew Evgeny Nabokov, b. Kamens- 
aorsk (Russia). 322, QUCdda Lubemlr joo- 
dem, tt tHvtaev (Russia). 23t Ma ni rat M , Tw 
mas Vokoun. a Pokfl Klodno (bach). 227. 
Coiporv, Jorpen Jcnsson, t Rosie /Stnedcn). 


235, FtarWa, Tore LoWent, lac Espoo (Fta- 
bmdl.ast Ano)wlm.TonindMlettlnni,c Kol- 
po (FfnlandMOiSBR Jtte (frem Edmon tun), 
Tomas Pha. t Pordubico (Czech). 241, Las 
AiwMBA.SefseiaialamaL<,SpariML2AOd- 
MNV Lars WMbtLs. Lusono (Sw i tz erla nd). 
2SA Toronto, Sergei Benn*Lrw,Khlm(k (Rus- 
ski). 20, Detroit Tomas Hoimstrom, tw. Bo- 
dn Uweden).29L Pittsburgh, Mlkhoil Kaza- 
kevich. c. Tomdo Jamtov (Russia). 2H, 
New York. Rangera, Radosiav Kronoc, t SK>- 
van Bnrtstaw (SJovnkfaJ. 

nth Round 

34L Rondo, Per GustatMorvd. HV n (Swe- 
den). 2M, edmanwni Ladtetov Benrara, a 
Otamouc (Czech). 27lt PWtadefohta, Jan U- 
gtanskt fc Sleuan Brottstavs (Stovukta). m. 
New Ytork (stonden. Oh* ramsfram-A/WK 
ISwedenKZTA Ottawa (tram CMcaao), Antn 
Tormentn rw> Jok*r» (Ptetanti). m, wash- 
kigtDn,Sarge<Tertyshv>w(tChutyWnsk (Run- 
sta).~2n, Cahtory, Pavel TarMuv. tat, TPS 
(Flnund).m Detroit TolvaSuursoa,hA So- 
viet Wta«(Reroia). 286. New York Rmtaors, 
KM Jghnsiwa d. Mahno (Sweden). 


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Page 22 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, ERIDAY, JULY 1, -1994 ‘ 


SPORTS WORLD CUP 




- 4tr - • .• 


Who Are These People? Old Passions Bubble Up in the i Melting Pot 


By Bill Plaschke 

Las Angela Tuna Soviet 

LOS ANGELES — Who are these peo- 
ple? 

That is the question we have asked our- 
selves. rime and a gain, during the often 
HayyJing first roun<T of the World Cup. 

We have asked it while watching a crag- 
gy-faced Irishman weep. 

We have asked it while watching a 
young Mexican drape a red, white and 
green flag around his shoulders and begin 
singing in the middle of a crowded subway 
car, a song carried up to the street by 
hundreds. 

We have asked it while standing amid 
hundreds of Argentines underneath the 
stands at Foxboro Stadium in Massachu- 
setts. Their country had defeated Greece 
an hour earlier, yet they refused io leave, 
beating drums and bouncing on the con- 
crete, anfhrn i s tumbling from their mouths 
Him Sunday morning hallelujahs. 

Who are these people filling our major 
stadiums with this unrecognizable passion? 

In a World Cup that has so far thrilled 
fans, delighted advertisers and surprised 
skeptics, this is the question that domi- 
nates: 

Who are these people? 

After spending a week being jostled 
around upper decks that feel like foreign 
lands, we have come to a conclusion that 
should not surprise, but does: Mostly, 
these people are us. 

They are waiters from New Jersey, stu- 
dents from South Dakota, nannies from 
Washington. 

They are U.S. residents and citizens who 


came here from other places for education 
and opportunity. They have paid our taxes 
and fought in our wars. 

But they are people with long memories, 
people with roots we sometimes do hoi 
understand. 

Certainly, several thousand fans at each 


game are foreign tourists, having flown 
here from distant ports for a chance to 
cheer in their countries’ major sport. 

We were prepared for them- We knew 
we would be playing host to 5,000 Irish 
from Dublin, 20,000 Brazilians from Rio. 
not to mention all that Saudi royalty. 

But what we forgot were the 60,000 Irish 
from New York. And the thousands of 
Greeks from Boston. 

And the Italians from Providence, 
Rhode Island, who have lived here 25 years 
or more, yet stOl tremble upon, hearing the 
national anthem of their homeland. 

We forgot that this melting pot in which 
we live sml contains thick, rich chunks of 
international passion. 

We forgot about Norma Cornejo. 

It was midway through the second half 
of the game between Argentina and 
Greece. The stands in Foxboro Stadium 
were fuIL But some of the most heartfelt 
cheering was coming from outside the 
front gates. 

There, in a spitting rain, her face pressed 
against a fence, was Cornejo. Behind her, 
crowding for a better look, stood three 
relatives. 

Through the chain link, between the 
heads of security guards, they could see the 
game being played on the big-screen video 
scoreboard at the far end of the field. 


tfe forgot that this melting pot in which 
live sml contains thick, rich chunks of 


They could not afford to pay scalpers 
$250 a ticket. But that didn’t stop them. 

“We can see a little of the game, we ran 
fed the crowd, it is Huwgh,” Cornejo said. 

Cornejo works for a stock brokerage in 
New York. Her family has been in the 
United States for 2Iyears, more than half 
her life, yet she still stays awake past 2 
A M. to watch the Argentines play soccer 
on S pamsh - l an gnag e television. 

She took two vacation days for the long 
drive to Massachusetts, a tnp that fell just 


And that ominous pack erf teens? 

They began chanting, earnestly; “Ar- 
gcn-tin-al Ar-gen-tin-a! 


T live in the United States. 1 love the 
United States,” said Christina Urrutia, a 
recent immigrant who teaches in Colum- 
bus, Georgia. ■ • ’ 


She patted her heart over her orange; 
poncho. “But the flag of Argentina wiU 
always live hi hoe,” she said. 

Who are these people? - 


" “The wnoic iaca oi inis country oemga - Kr~r**~ ~j “ " F ~~ r — - ;j rt i e ** 

melting potis jargon, it’s a myth.’* saidJatt; :* *'* “<Bor us. these players are not idoU, . 

the UmV- sad Garngo. “The*: are ^ m^hbore. 


tlus court 


£ ;the people. By tire people: 


They are waiters from New Jersey, students from South 
Dakota, nannies from Washington. : 


short of allowing her to see her heroes in 
person. 

Her family’s cheers could barely be heard 
above the noise of trash removers and golf 
carts and passing cars. A group of teenage 
boys gathered behind them, laughing. 


But then Diego Maradona, the national 
icon, scored in the 60th minute, and those 
cheers become screams. 

The Cornejo family hugged and danced 
in the rain and swirling trash. Two other 
women from Argentina, one of them a UJ5. 
resident, joined the celebration. 

Then those six people, standing outside 
a stadium in a country that knows little 
about soccer, began singing an anthem. 

Maintenance workers and security 


They are a Los Angeles resident, Fer- 
nando Lima, 37, who recently drove to 
Palo Alto with his bead shaved and paint- 
ed in the Brazilian colors of green and 
gold. 

“My hair will come back after the World 
Cup,” he said. 


Coaldey, sociology professor at the Uni- 
verity ofSdcHnSjin Colorado Springs. ; 
^“The people who immigrate here, they ^ 

he sauL^^ds our citizens who move to 
other counting these- people subscribe to 
the papersisam &rir hometowns, they talk 
on the phone to friends back home* they 
stay m touch for two and three genera- 
tions.” : - - • / !; 7 ' 

The results, Coakleyswd,canbesemm 
the s£and£xt the nine World Cap venues! 

“We have ignored our ethnic diversity to 
tire point where we forget it's there,” he 


W. an" 

asMgn mmt in England, noted, “Soccer 

"©rib our citizens who move to ® other places 

wntnes, these- people subscribe to waal c&sses, soaal areas. ] oral dubs that 

^femtoarh&cmmtotalk ^ 


He added, “There is no big TV revenue, 
SO these teams are supported by the people 


In addressing Worries about crowd cpn- 


directiy. Here, you have a team moving 
from Baltimore to Induuiaixitis and being 
hyped.by Budweiser.” 

Yet some of our diff erences remain too 
deep and vast to describe.. 

“Wc- watch both the Spanish and Eng- 
lish World Cup telecasts at home, and my 


They are Guy Bavaro, a computer con- 
Itani from New York who has lived in 


trol, Alan Rothmbcrg, the World Cup .^ ke^ ato me t bes^.tfan& said 
chairman, rccoitiysaid; lc Hey, tire avenge Milton Jamail. prof^sor afXatm Amen- 


sultant from New York who l 
the United States for 30 years. 


Before tire game between Italy and Ire- 
land, Bavaro was spotted in the Giants 


S tadium parking lot holding a flag* and 
singing. He is a Vietnam veteran^ yet the 
flag was Italian. So were the songs. 

“I know I’ve been in this country a long 
time, but I want to keep alive my heritage, 
my culture,” Bavaro said. . 


people attending these games are going to 
be a family of four from the suburbs.” 
With tire exception of games involving 
tire United States, he has been terribly 
mistaken. The “suburbs” have been little 


Italy, Greektown, Koreatown. 
“It is in these neighborhood 


“It is in these noghbenhodds that a. lot 
of people in this country gain a. reaffirms^- 
tion of wbo they are,” Coakley said. 

Louis Granero, a waiter from New Jer- 
sey, has lived in. the United States for 25 


Milton J amail, professor of Latin Amen- 
can Studies at the Uniyersify of Texas. 
‘Dad, why does the .Spanish announcer; 
say. ^Goal-W-H-V and the English onejust- 
says, ‘GoaTT .. . 

“What can. I teQ them? 1 just say it's, 
passioo.” . . .. . ...^ ■; :- ■* 

- Fearing a lack erf such passion, the reij 
erf tire World said the United States did ira 
deserve to have a World Cup tournamiflB * 
It forgot- who we were.. • " } . 

Unfortunately, so did we. ■ . - •*. 


WORLD CUP MATCHES, RESULTS AND STANDINGS 


FIRST ROUND 

x-iMnwKMd m> sveond round 
77ww punuarnsrSad far a victory 
GROUP A 

W L T OF GA Pis 
mnta 2 1 0 5 S S 


x -Romans 
x-SwOzartana 
x-Unitod Stana 
Coiomfila 


x-Unttad Stana i I i 3 3 « 

Coiomfila 1 2 0 4 5 3 

Sattirday Jim 18 
Ai PonSac. Ucti. 

Switzerland 1. United States 1. Be 
ai Pasadena. CaW. 

Romania 3. Cafcxnfita 1 

Wadiwaday Juna 22 
Al Pontiac. Mien. 

Swunrland 4. Romania l 

AI Pasadena C*i 
Unttod Sam 2. Catontia 1 

Sunday Jum 26 
Ai Pasatwno. CaM 
Romania 1. UmtaO Soma 0 

Al Stanford. Cant 
Colombia 2. 3wttzartand 0 
GROUP B 

W L T OF (U Pa 
x-BnzM 2 0 16 17 

x-Saadan 1 0 2 6 4 9 

Ruaala 1 2 0 7 6 3 

Cameroon 0 2 1 3 11 1 

Sunday Jum 18 
Al Paaadana. Ca*L 
Cameroon 2. swadan 2. oe 

Uanday Jum 20 
ai fflarrford. Cun. 

Brazil 2, RuaaiaO 

Friday Juna 24 
Al Stanford, CUH. 

BraM 3, Camaroon 0 

A! Pontiac, Utah. 

P wada n 3, Ruaala i 

TtMadayJuna28 

Ai Stanford, Catif. 

Ruaala 6, Cameroon 1 

Al Ponsac Wdi 
Brazil, Swaoan i,0a 

GROUP C 

W L T OF OA Pta 

■c-Oermwir 2 0 1 3 3 7 

x^pdn 1 0 2 6 *3 

BouffiKoraa 0 1 2 4 6 2 

Bdhrta 0 2 114 1 

Friday Juna 17 
A! Chicago 
Germany 1. BotMa 0 

AlfMfaa 
Spem 2. South Korea 2. M 

Tuaaday Juna 21 
AtCnicago 

Germany I.Bpafn 1. Be 

Thunday Juna 23 
Al Foxboro, Maaa. 

South Korea 0. BoM, Ol la 


Monday Jins 27 
AtCNcago 

9pam 3, BoBvta 1 

AI Dallas . 

Germany a, Souti Kona 2. 

GROUP D 

W L T OF GA Pie 
x-Argenflna 2 0 0 6 1 6 

Ngaria 1 1 0 4 2 3 

Btdoaria 1 1 0 4 3 3 

Graeoa 0 2 0 0 8 0 

Tuesday Juna 21 
At Rmboro. Maaa. 

Argemina 4, Greece 0 

At Dallas 

rogarta 3, Bulgaria 0 

Strtuntey June 2S 
AlFdocbaro, Maaa. 

Argan6na2. Mgaria 1 

Sunday June 26 
Al Chicago 

Bulgaria 4. Greece 0 

Thuraday Jim SO 
At Foxboro, Maas. 

Greece va. Mgarta, 2335 GMT 
AtDaOaa 

Argendna <m. Butgana. 2333 GMT 
GROUP E 

W L T OF QA PU 
x-Maouoo 1113 8 4 

Ireland 1112 2 4 

*Wy 111224 

Norway 111114 


Satutday Juna 25 
At Orlando, Ha. 
Balgium 1, MttharlandaO 

Al E— R u th er ford. NJ. 
Saudi Arabia 2, Morocco i 

W odna ada y June 28 
AtOrfando, Ha. 
NamadarxM 2. Morocco i 


THIRD PLACE 

Satutday July 16 
At Pasadena, Cafif. 
Sanltatf loauat 1935 GMT 


Saudi Arabia 1, Belgium 0 


CHAMPIONSHIP 

Sunday Juty 17 
At Paaadana. CML 
SemMnal Mnnara. 1033 GUT 


SECOND ROUND 

Saturday July 2 
Game 37 
AtCNcago 

Germany va. B third place or Betgfcira. T70BGMT 
Owe 88 
Al Washington 
SMtzwtand va. Spun, 2035 GMT 
Sunday July 3 
Drain 


Goal Scorers 


Saudi Arabia va. Bandan, 1705 GMT 


2 0 1 5 3 7 

T 0 2 6 *9 


0 1 2 4 5 2 

0 2 114 1 


x-Maaioo 1113 

x-nraand 1112 

x4ta)y 1112 

Norway 1111 

Sahaday Jum 18 

At Eaa Rutherford, NLL 
iralanai.MyO 

Sunday Jim 18 
At Washington 
Norway i. Mexico o 

Thuraday Jurat 28 
At Eaal Rufhertard, NJ. 
Italy 1. Norway 0 

Friday June 24 
At Orlando. H*. 
Mexico 2, Inland 1 

Tuesday Jum 28 
At East Rulhericrd, NJ. 
Iraiana 0, Norway 0, na 

Atwaetwgton 
Baiyl, Mexico i.fla 


Al Paaadana. Ca ”. 

RomanliVB.lwy or GrowDtNrd Pace, anas GMT 
Monday July 4 
Orate 41 
Al Orlando, Fla. 

Netherlands vs. Maid. 1606 GMT 
Grad 
At Stanford, Caif. 

Brazl va. llnitad auras. 1035 GMT 
Tu aa da y July 8 
Gama 48 
Al Foxboro, Mas* 

GroupD winner va. Italy or Belgium, 1706 GMT 

QHm44 

At Eaal Rutherford, NJ. 

Mexico va. Group O second piece. 2036 GMT 


GROUP F 

W L T OF OA Pts 
Negiert an da 2 1 0 4 3 6 

x-Seudl Arabia 2 1 0 4 3 6 

x D elglian 2 10 2 16 

Morocco 0 3 0 2 6 0 

Sunday Jum 18 
At Ortando, Fla. 

Belgium i. Morocco 0 

Monday Jum 20 

At llfaahlnnbin 

AI n«vniguii 

Nathorfrada 2. Baud Arabia i 


QUARTERFINALS 
SattirdqrJuiyS 
Game as 

At Forooro. Meae. 

Gama 43 wmnar vs. Gama 38 wtorar, 1606 GMT 

Grata 41 
AtMlaa 

Grata 41 wlrmar vs. Game 42 srinnar, 1036 GMT 

8unday July 10 
Ganaar 

At E« Rutherford. NJ. 

Grata 44 wfnnarva. Gama 87 e*mer, 1006 GMT 
Game a 
At Stanford, CMU. 

Gama 36 wrtrmar va. Gama 40 vannar, 1 B88 GMT 


4 — oiao Sotenbv Russia 
4 — jOroen Klhtwnom. Oemtany. 

3 — Gabriel Batistuta Aroeot ln oi Marlin 
Dahlln. Sweden; Randrta BrozlL 
2 — Fuad Amta, Saudi Arabia; Kano aiv 
derswta Sweden; Georges Brosv# Switzer- 
land; Jose Camlnera Soaln; aaudlo Conio- 
ota. Aroanffna; Lula Garda Mexico; Juan 
Antonia Gonaetxea Spain,- Gtwyba HaeC 
Romania; Hang Myung Ba South Kami Fto- 
rbi Radudolu, Romania; Hrfsto SfakbJcov, 
Bufvorto; Adolfo VMenda ColanfMa 
l — PWllppe Albert BMehim; Jebn AWrMue. 
Ireland; Soml Jabor. Saudi Arabia; Dcerlel 
AmofuKtiLNIgana; Emmanuel Amunta, Nl- 
aarfa; Dm Bass la Italy] Mancaltoe Bernal, 
MaotJCDi OanW Borfmtanr, Butoarfa; Bebata. 
■radii Toma BraNn. S wed en ; atwtnne 
ORaxiliat, Swltzerfeaid; Mohammed 
Choouch. Moro cc o; Marc DeanraH, Bet- 
ntum; Dovld gmbt. C am eroon; Herman Go- 
vlrta,Cokmbkii JaaepGuanUolaSnalnj Ray 
Houghton, I retain; Hwang San Kona South 
Korea; Wlm Jonk. Netherlands; Adrian 
KnuB. Switzerland; Iordan Lelchkov, Bulgar- 
ia; Roger Uuna Sweden; Hamid LraanaCo^ ■ 
tamMa; Dlaaa Maradona Arasnttad; Don- 
MaMassai* Italy; Rooer Mflla Camerean; 
Froncoise Omam Bhtdc, Cameroon; Daniel 
Petraaaiu Romania; Dmitri Radctantai Rue- 
■la; Ral, Brazil; Karlheinz Rfedhv Germany; 
Klsill Rskdaf, Norway; JMIa 9aHnai.Sealn; 
Erwin StaKbaz, BoOvla; Mdrdo Santos, Bra- 
zil t Soo Jung Mm, South Korea; Samara Slo- 
da Nioarto; Emit Stewart, UJL; Alain Sut- 
ler. Switzerland; Gaston Taumrat, 
Netherlands; Erk WvnaMa UJU Rashldl 
YeWnL Ntanrla; Soeed Owalrurv Saudi Ara- 
bia; Demit Berakama Netherlands; Bryan 
Ray. Nethert on da; Hoaaon Nodar, Morocco, 
Own Ooota-Andrda Eacobor, Oaloinbta Itar 
United States]. 


SEMIRNALS 

WadMBday July 11 
Al EM Rufmrtard, NJ. 

Game 47 winner vs. Game 46 eSmar, 2006 GMT 
AiFaeadona, CME 

Game 48 wtawr vs. Gama 46 wbinar. 2336 GMT 


yi my te wtaaHI 
NOiMlMtah 

0 too 89 5963 



On the Soccer Field, 
Saudis Recast an Image 


Nevf- York- TimaStniee 

WASHINGTON — ’ The 
glossy fliers and the 12-pa$e ad- 
vertising supplements designed 
to recast the world's image of 
Saudi Arabia that have been 
handed out to soccer fans in 
Washmgton for tire last wedc 
and a half were strewn on the 
grounds of HFK StacEofn. 

There, blowing around with 
food wrappers and empty soda 
cans, the advertisements were 
still more visible than tire team, 
which is making the country’s 
first World Cup appearance. 

Until Wednesday. .•> 

With a s tunning , well-played 
1-0 victory ^ over Belgium feat 
dinched a second-place finish 
in Group F, the team did more 
for its country's image than any 
fliers could. 


were considered as anderdogs,” 
he said. “People thought of 
Saudi Arabia and they thought 
Of namrift and oil and S3nd. 
They even tried to dehumanize 
us. 

“We came to the Worid Cup 
to tefl tire whole worid of our 
tradition, our culture and our 
religion. And to say this on the 
playground, for us to accom- 
plirii this much in such a short 
period, I tirink is very honor- 
able.” 


Belgium's coach, Paul Vad 
Himst, found it .“very danger- 
ous” as in: “Today we played 
against a very dangerous 
especially- on the counterat- 
tack." • ’ 


The Saudi fans' enthusiasm was con 
Omdran’s goal won over much of the M 


. That , following the victory 
oyer Morocco an Saturday. 

The Saudi coach, Jorge So- 1 
lari, an Argentine, was not sur- 
prised, however. . 

“H you remember our first 
press conference after we got 
here,” he said, “I told you we 
would take second place in out- 
group. 

• - M We did what we promised. 
Of course, tins wasn’t expected 
by a lot of people.” 

Abdullah Abookhater, who 
works for the team's informa- 
tion department and coordi- 
nates the Saudi press relations, 
'*“ e ^**^* K * bathed in the happy glow of 
0 USj and Saeed success. 

Stadium crowd. “When . we came here, we 


The Saudis won over much o( 
the crowd on rite strength o^Ki 
brilliant goal by SaeTa 
Owairan, as pretty as any in this 
year's World Cupr plus supezh 
goalkeeping by Mohammed 
Daeyea, uho faced 26 shots and 
solid play by a defense that bent 
but never broke. 


Owatran said that the goal 
was “the best” he had ever 
scored. “But this goal means 
nothing to nre,” he said. “I 
scored it for every Saudi and 
every Arab person.” , 

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global view: “The performance 
of the team has proved to be the 
best advertisement for the 
worid for the what end the who 
of our country. We said it in 4 
l a n g nag e understood h/ all the 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1994 


1 d**-** 


Page 23 



Diego Maradona in Dallas: An early good-bye to 


SOCCER: Maradona Is Suspended in Drug Use 


CbnfrnM from .Page I 

eras news conference in Dallas, the FIFA 
secretary, Sepp Blatter, held up a form 
submitted by the Argentine team doctor 
listing ah Maradona’s medicine. Blatter 
said none of the five banned substances 
were on the Ssl 

Tensing the incident “a human, moral 
issue and not only a doping issue,” Blatter 
told reporters: “You will be the judges of 
the competition and it is up to you to 
decide if the case of Maradona now found 
guilty of doping is a real harm to the 
competition or not** 

Toe suspension — only the third for 
drag abuse in 15 World Cups — was an- 
nounced hoars before Maradona was 
scheduled to make his record 22d appear- 
ance in the World Cup finals against Bul- 
garia in Dallas. Argentina has already 
qualified for the first round. 

Because Maradona was the only player 
involved in breaking the rules, Nigeria 
cannot protest its 2-1 loss to Argentina, 
which preceded the random drug test of 
Maradona last Saturday. Both of Argenti- 
na’s goals were scored by Claudio Canig- 
gia, who recently served a 13- month ban 
tor cocaine use: 

Ephedrine has long been a controversial 
drug. A UjS. swimmer, Rick DeMont, bad 
to give up his 400-meter freestyle gold 
medal at the 1972 Olympics when he tested 
positive for ephedrine, which was an ingre- 
dient in his athsma medication. 

The Argentine Football Association 
president, Julio Grondona, argued that his 
team captain had used a nasal spray before 
the match Saturday because he was not 
fee&ng wefl. 

Grondona said that Maradona had been 
given the medicine by his personal physi- 
cian, DanidCerrini, and had not informed 


the team physician. Dr. Ernesto Ugalde. 

Grondona said that Maradona hed re- 
ceived the medicine from a member of his 
personal entourage, Daniel Cerrini, and 
had not informed the team doctor. 

“He was amateurish and negligent," 
Fernando SignorinL Maradona's personal 
physical trainer, said of Cerrini. 

Grondona insisted Maradona had not 
taken it as a stimulant, and the team physi- 
cian of Sweden, Jan Ekstrand, appeared to 


“1 don’t know the real circumstances, 
but I think this is a case of mistake-dop- 
ing, 11 Ekstrand said. “Ephedrine is such a 
mud form of doping, its effect can be 
argued. I’m not sure that it has such a 
strong effect. There is a large difference 
between ephedrine and planned doping 
with anabolic steroids.” 

Epbedrine is said to mimic the effects of 
adrenalin, increasing blood pressure and 
heartbeat, and dilating the pupils of the 
eyes. 

“These drugs do affect the central ner- 
vous system,” d’Hooghe said. “They cause 
a mild stimulation and increase physical 
activity” 

Maradona was at the team hotel in Dal- 
las as the suspension was announced, ac- 
cording to Grondona. It was not known 
whether he would accompany his team- 
mates to the match Thursday night. 

Technically, Maradona was withdrawn 
from the Worl d Cu p by Argentina on 
Thursday before FIFA could suspend him. 
Pablo Abbatangelo, secretary of the Ar- 
gentine federation, told a Buenos Aires 
radio station that the decision was reached 
“to avoid further sanctions that could 
compromise the team.” 

FIFA said it would decide Maradona's 
punishment after the World Cup final July 


After almost three miserable years fol- 
lowing his suspension for cocaine use, 
Maradona was called back to international 
soccer when Argentina was humiliated at 
home, 5-0, by Colombia last fall. He lost 
an enormous amount of weight in very 
little time, then led Argentina through a 
two-game playoff against Australia to earn 
a place in the 24-team World Cup finals. 

In two first-round victories here, he 
scored a sensational goal and was captain- 
ing Argentina to its best performances 
since 1986. Thanks to Maradona's rejuve- 
nation, oddsmakers had ratal Argentina 
as the likely finalist against tournament 
favorite Brazil. 

Ranked second only to Pete among the 
game's greatest players, Maradona ap- 
peared now to be fully integrated with 
Argentina’s dashing attack, rescuing its 
dreadful image from the team which 
played so negatively while reaching the 
1990 World Cup finals, and redeeming his 
own reputation as welL 

The coach, Alfio Basil e, bad been calling 
bis team “one of the great Argentinian 
sides.” Diego Simeone, the 24-year-old 
midfielder, had been predicting^ “With 
Maradona with us, we are capable of any- 
thing." 

And Maradona had boasted, “Now they 
can stop talking about what we think of 
Brazil, and start asking Brazil what they 
think of us." 

Maradona was seen waving and grin- 
ning to fans as he boarded the team bus at 
a Dallas hotel Wednesday on his way to 
the team’s final first-round training session 
at the Cotton Bowl. Rumors of his positive 
test drew a swarm of reporters to the 
practice, but he appeared oblivious to 
them as well 

His teammates, according to Grondona, 
had yet to hear the news. Only after the 


team was gone did Grondona reveal that 
Maradona had flunked the drug test. 

This is only the third doping scandal in 
15 World Cup finals. 

Maradona’s suspension created a sensa- 
tion everywhere, it seemed, except in the 
host country, which was televising live 
opening-day coverage of the preliminary 
trial of OJ. Simpson, the American foot- 
ball star accused of murdering his former 
wife and her friend in California. 

Internationally, Maradona's suspension 
is matched only by the positive drug test of 
Ben Johnson, the Canadian, following his 
world record sprint to the 100-meters gold 
maial in the 1984 Olympics. Jolmson was 
stripped of the gold medal and the world 
record. His comeback ended with a life- 
time ban for using performance-enhancing 
drugs in 1992. 

A routine FIFA lest in 1991 found 
traces of cocaine in Maradona's system 
while he played for the Italian club Napoli, 
resulting in his 15-momb ban. He has not 
returned to Italy since fleeing in April 
1991. He is currently on trial in absentia in 
Italy for drug trafficking. 

FIFA helped manage his transfer from 
Napoli to SeviUa of Spain in 1992, but his 
comeback there ended miserably in less 
than one season. He moved to Argentina 
and Newell's Old Boys, where he was fired 
for not training. When reporters came to 
interview him at his house. Maradona fired 
an air rifle at them. 

Eight years ago in his prime, Maradona 
was an incredible blend of speed, ingenuity 
and desire. In coining back one more time, 
Maradona had hoped to convince the 
world to think of him as a champion. That 
will only be half of the memory — he goes 
down now as the most self-destructive 
champion soccer has ever known. 


Diego Armando Maradona: The Sorrow and the Pity world cup wrap-up 




- *a 


International Herald Tribune 

C HICAGO — Diego Armando Mara- 
dona was simply the best, and the 
worst, soccer player of his generation. 
Beauty laced with poison, genius flawed by: 
corruption, joy bedeviled by greed. 

When the news broke of his latest flirta- 
tion with drugs, 1 thought of the 7-year-old 
Mexican boy with whom I had watched 
Maradona’s last, astonishing 90 rmrintes 
for . Argentina against Nigeria last week- 
end. Maradona was the apple of that 
child’s eye. the role model, the aspiration. 

; How do you tell such a child to sort the 
good from the self-destructive. How (fid 
we ed! oursdves, when we first set eyes on 
the genius, or our own sons when ibeywcre 
drawn to his flame. Copy the good, reject 
the bad? An easy parental maxim ignored 

fcy.all of us " ■»»■ ■■■■■■■■ 

youth? Rob • 

? The por- Hughes 

tents far this, — — :: ■ * 

Maradona's fourth World Cap, were writ- 
ten in the sky. A light plane chding Fox- 
boro Stadium sear Boston before Argenti- 
na's first game, against Greece, trailed a 
banner reading: ‘“Maradona — : "Prima 
Dona.” 

If Maradona did take the stimulant 
ephedrine with intent, it was with the in- 
tent of cheating the last barrier to an ath- 
lete; Age. At 33, he was trying to bring his 
weary, often broken, often drugged body 
back to peak performance for the last 
hurrah. 

Drugs and Maradona are more linked 
than is at first apparent He was weaned on 
them even before he knew it Scurrilous 
men in his past, so-called doctors, mixed 
Steroids with his food to build a frail phy- 
sique into something bull-like. 

In his teens, he was administered more 
drugs. These, the appalling painkillers that 
sporting authorities incongruously allow, 
racked and distorted the ankle, the knee, 
the suffering back of a superstar whose 


nudtinnlHon-doIlar transfer fees and **»] - 
hon-ddllar salary were the excuses to patch 
him up, to push him through nature's 
warning, to play him on half a leg. 

That was the sport's administrators ex- 
tracting their pound of flesh, the doctors 
obeying them rather than medical propri- 
ety, the body at the center of it all building 
up a legacy of arthritic pain. 

And the mind of Maradona? I don’t 
believe he ewer grew up. As a man-child, he 
could create from fantasies what logic 
might riissuade lesser talents from even 
attempting: trying to beat whole defenses 
an his own. 

. He was on the brink of competing in his 
22d World Cup finals match. A record, 
surpassing the 21 each played by Germa- 
ny's Uwe Seder and Poland’s Wladislaw 
Zmuda But perhaps Maradona's 21st 
World Cup match, his 90th in intemationr 
al competition, should be struck off. For if 
itwas drag-assisted, that represents cheat- 
ing, a crime against the sport. 

Maradona’s interpretation of the word 
cheat is different from yours and mine. He 
had grown into the most evocative cry of 
. the Argentine soul since Evita Perdu, and 
he had been put on a pedestal by the 
nation's head of state, Carlos Sadi Menem. 
That is not conjecture. President Menem 
told us this himself when he flew to Milan 
for the last World Cup and bestowed on 
his little boo the honor of “ambassador to 
aH the worldof sport.” 

Men era’s generosity backfired. When 
Maradona fled drug charges and a paterni- 
ty suit in Naples, Menem welcomed him, 
suffered the indignity of Maradona's fur- 
ther arrest for cocaine abuse and traffick- 
ing in Buenos Aires, and still gauged pub- 
lic opinion to be that Maradona should 
escape the law and not go to prison but be 
rehabilitated by presidential decree. 

Maradona thanked him with a vile 
tongue. He courted a future in Fidel Cas- 


tro’s Cuba, then in Japan, then the United 
States. Each door was closed to him. 

Yet, when Argentina’s national team 
was bumbled by the 5-0 thrashing from 
Colombia in Buenos Aires last fall, Mara- 
dona got his foot back in that door. Fat 
though he was, prone to shooting pellets at 
journalists, rumored to be far off course 
with his clinical rehabilitation program, he 
returned. 

It was a flash, of the old genius, a flicker 
of the old flame, that created the goal by 
which Argentina drew, 1-1, in Sydney, and 

eofaWc 


thus was able to win the reprise of 
ficarion for losers. 


forld 


shed 26 


(12 kilograms) in a 


pound s^ 

month for this World Cup. And we waited. 
Those of us. who knew the history had 
mixed emotions. We wanted to see one 
more time the breathtaking speed, the 
movement and balance that can take over 
a game as quickly as a bullet takes a life. 
Rationality told us that no man shms 
down this quickly and retains bodily 
strength for a World Cup that would soon 
become a dud in the sun. 

Maradona is not, never was, rational. 
His volatility had spanned five World 
Cups. In 1978, without lacking a ball, he 
sent an undercurrent of discontent seeth- 
ing through his homeland: Dieguita, little 
Diego, crying aloud against being left off 
the national team by C&ar Luis MenottL 

Menotti, the Argentine coach, knew 
even then that the 17-year-old was a prodi- 
gy beyond compare. He left him off the 
team because he considered the pressure 
might crack a teenager; Maradona to this 
day feuds vengefully with MenottL 

The coach was right, and wrong. Cer- 
tainly Maradona proved four years later 
what a talent he possessed, and also what a 
tempestuous immaturity. He disgraced Ar- 
gentina when he was sent off for ticking 
Brazil’s Batista in the groin. 

Foot years cm; Maradona, the captain, 
led Argentina to World Cup triumph in 
Mexico. Triumph blessed with his oersonal 


trade mark, with goals against England 
and Belgium that do other player on earth 
would have dared attempt, much less bring 
off. 

Yet there was also in that 1986 World 
Cup the Maradona as cheater, the player 
who had scored with his hand and de- 
scribed it as “a little bit the Hand of God. a 
little bit Diego Maradona.” 

The blasphemy achieved the highest ex- 
oneration on earth when Pope John Paul 
subsequently blessed Maradona. But after 
the running sores of Argentina's brutal 
1990 World Cup campaign in Italy, after 
the claim of his bastard child, after the 
notorious company Maradona kept with 
the Neapolitan criminal gangs, the Camor- 
ra, the Vatican newspaper condemned this 
maligned sporting idol. 

He was disowned elsewhere, too. Visit- 
ing Villa Miseria Fiorito, the shantytown 
where Maradona was bora and raised, I 
was stopped two years ago by an old wom- 
an wbo called out: "Forget Maradona, he 
forgot us.” 

He had revisited the barrio just once, in 
the victorious aftermath of the 1986 tour- 
nament. He had walked the muddied street 
of his birth, seen the stinking swamp at the 
top of the road where his father worked in 
the boneyard of an animal carcass con- 
cern, stood on the street corner where his 
skills, including the Hand of God tech- 

T e, were honed. 

y days in Villa Miseria Fiorito sug- 
gested it to be a happy but sad and simple 
place. A community that survived by any 
means it could, where the children roamed 
free and where the rights and wrongs of a 
more formal and privileged upbringing 
were blurred. 

This neither excuses nor serves as an 
explanation for Maradona. For there, as 
everywhere he has gone, he was a one-off. 
Uniquely skilled, untamed, unquestioned. 
A boy who bypassed boyhood. 

Rob Hughes h 01 tkeoaff of The Tones. 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

The crackdown on rough play in the 
World Cup has led a 45 percent increase in 
yellow cards with four first-round games 
left, according to statistics released by 
FIFA. 

The governing body’s general secretary, 
Joseph Blatter, said Wednesday that 126 
cautions had been handed out in the first 
32 games, compared with 87 for the 36 
first-round games in Italy in 1990. 

Five players had received red cards, 
bringing automatic expulsion from a game 
and suspensions to follow, while two other 
players had been expelled for accumulat- 
ing too many cautions. Comparable fig- 
ures for 1990' were unavailable. 

• Romania is sending striker loan Vla- 
doiu home after his red-card foul on Swit- 
zerland's Stephane Chapuisat during 
Wednesday's match led to Vladoiu’s in- 
sulting an assistant coach on the team bus. 

• Two Bolivian players, midfielder Julio 
Baldlvieso, 22, and defender Miguel 
Rimba, 27, escaped with just scrapes 
Wednesday in a single-car crash in Massa- 
chusetts in which Sandra Rocha, 20, of 
Marblehead, was fatally injured after be- 
ing thrown from the vehicle as it over- 
turned twice. The car, driven by the vic- 
tim's mother, was headed for Westport, 
where the Bolivian team was staying. 

• A major rainstorm lashed Italy’s train- 
ing camp in Martinsville, New Jersey, on 
Wednesday, minutes after practice was 
completed. 

A power outage left players, the team's 
coach, Arrigo Sacchi. and reporters in the 
dark for several minutes during the daily 
press briefing. 

No matter. Players still talked, reporters 
still took notes. 

The big news: The bruise on Roberto 
Baggio's left leg. incurred in Tuesday's 1-1 
draw with Mexico, has shown “a dear 
improvement." 


• Don't leave your chair if you're watch- 
ing the matches. A goal could come at any 
time. 

An analysis of the 74 goals in the first 28 
matches shows an amazing spread of scor- 
ing times, with no true hot spots. 

The first 15 and last 15 minutes of an 
average game each produced 1 1 goals, or 
14.9 percent of the total. The 46ih to 60th 
and 61st to 75th minutes each produced 13 
goals (17.6 percent each) and minutes 16- 
30 produced 10 (13.4). The closest to a 
shooter’s spotlight: Just before halftime, 
with 16 goals (21.6 percent) from the 31st 
to the 45th minutes. 

Most goals continue to be scared from 
the right side, with 16 coming off the right 
wing. 

• The five goals scored by Oleg Salenko 
in Russia’s 6-1 victory over Cameroon 
were a World Cup record, but he wasn't 
the first to score five in a world soccer 
championship. 

Michelle Akers-Stahi of the United 
States got her five in one game during the 
Women’s Soccer World Championships in 
China in 1991. 

• John Harkes, the U.S. midfielder who 
plays for the Derby club team in England, 
says he would consider playing for the new 
U.S. league — if the price is right. 

"The money's there, if it’s spent wisely." 
he said. 

“If the people who are up there in the 
top places are doing it for the game and 
not for making a quick buck, itU succeed,” 
he added. “If they are doing it to make a 
buck, it’ll be out of here in a heartbeat.” 

In order to obtain players with Europe- 
an dubs, such as Harkes, Tab Ramos and 
Eric Wynaida. the new league would have 
to purchase their contracts from the Euro- 
pean teams. 

“They have to come up with the mon- 
ey," Harkes said. “You’re probably talking 
$3 million for myself and Tab." 

(AP, Reuters) 


* 


How to Handle Brazil? 
U.S. Remains Low-Key 


- f 

A 


By Julie Cart 

Ijos Angela Turn Serriee 

■MISSION VIEJO, California 
■ If ignorance is blits, then the 
.S. team is the happiest team 
cr to face — who was it 
ain? Oh yes, Brazil. 
Although the prospect of 
> the three- time World 


p cham pion m the second 
ind Monday in Pak> Alto, 
[ifornia, might chill even the 
rmest heart, the U.S. team 
ms to be wrapping itself in a 
nforting cloak of unsware- 
s. Either the players are not 
ding when they say they 
t’t know much about the 
m, or it’s a defense media- 
nt they have developed to 
ck out the frightening spec- 
of Rom&rio, Bebeto and Rat. 
To be honest with you, I 
ft know any of the guys on 
ir team,” the US defender 
aa Lalas said. “They re not 
idols. People tall me they are 
M. Nobody thinks we tan 
it Brazil, nobody in the 

ate world. I bet you people 
| throw down a lot of money 
t we don’t win.'' _ 
l might be indicative of the 
i. team’s soccer background 
x manv of its players' knowi- 
■e of Brazil, one of the sports 
itest teams, is limited. Many 
the best U.S. soccer .players 

• a i— — r«4«e ivntr 



xlic knowledge - - 
n that comes naturally to 
re n growing np in other 
tries. 

b Ramos, wbo P**« P*®“ 
■ ~--=- said the 


w European- 

! pbyers is that they s« 
lian players every day and 
what they can da * 


know what they are capable of 
and what they mean to their 
teams,” he said. 

Coach Bora Milutinovic, 
while careful to praise Brazil, is 
equally quick to add his . own 
spin, saying that anything can 
happen. Mjhitmovic does not 
want his players to hold their 
Brazilian counterparts in such 
awe that they abandon confi- 
dence in their ability. 

“The more low-key we are 
about our opponents, the better 
h is," forward Roy Wegede 
said. “Once you start thinking, 
‘They’Ve got this great player or 
that, great player,* that automat- 
ically, subconsciously down- 
plays your own confidence. 

“It’s good for ns not to know 
too much about them and then 
do a little bat of homework and 
know what we’re up against 
But to be in awe of them or fear 
them, if we do that, we’re only 
going to downplay our own 
strengths; that’s not what we 
want to da 

“I’ve seen them play most of 
thetr games. In my opunon, they 

are the best team m this tourna- 
ment. If we are not going to win 
this thing , then I hope they da 
They play the game the way it 
should be played.” 

Said Ramos; “We definite^ 
don’t want to have too much 
rtspect, but we have to know 
what we’re up against. Brazil 
right now is probably the team 
that has played the best in mis 
World Cop. It’s good to have 
aspect for the other team, but 
lowing that if we play our best 
and we defend well, and we 
have a little bit of luck, maybe 
Brazil win have a bad day and 
we can win- Wty oot?" 


Ephedrine: A Common Drug Often Misused 


Los Angeles Times Service 

LOS ANGELES — It can lurk in the 
most innocent cold medicine, herbal tea 
or nasal spray. It is very common, but for 
an athlete subject to drug testing, it can 
very dangerous. 

It is ephedrine — a component in 
many over-the-counter cold medica- 
tions. It is classified as a stimulant and 
considered by the international govern- 
ing bodies of many sports to be an illegal 
perfonnance-enhanang drug. Increas- 
ingly, ephedrine is at the center of many 
thorny legal and ethical battles regarding 
drug testing and athletes. 

The problem with the drug stems from 
its potential for dual use: Taken as medi- 
cally indicated, ephedrine is an effective 


antihistamine and can offer relief from 
some cold symptoms. Taken in large 
doses or in its pure synthetic form, 
ephedrine can act as a powerful stimu- 
lant that some sports officials consider to 
offer a competitive advantage. 

Stimulants have long been on banned 
lists for Olympic athletes and FIFA's list 
of prohibited substances is nearly identi- 
cal to the International Olympic Com- 
mittee's, It was an Olympic atiuete, Rick 
DeMont, who first brought the ephed- 
rine problem to light. 

DeMont, a U.S. swimmer in the 1972 
Olympics, had taken asthma medication 
before a race. The medication registered 
as a stimulant during drug testing and 
DeMont was forced to give up his gold 
medal in the 400-meter freestyle. 


In track and field, the problem resur- 
faced a few years ago. After a spate of 
random drug tests that revealed ephed- 
rine, officials in the sport struggled to 
determine a mechanism that would sepa- 
rate “inadvertent use” by athletes treat- 
ing colds, and deliberate use as a perfor- 
mance enhancer. 

Track officials also considered the is- 
sue of whether ephedrine, even in large 
amounts, was truly a stimulant that 
would benefit an athlete. 

Discussions are ongoing and little has 
been resolved. 

Soccer, however, has seldom dealt 
with epbedrine and its sometimes con- 
fusing uses, although FIFA has a strong 
stance against drug use. 



The US. midfielders Tab Ramos, left, and Paul Cafighm battling for the ball in training for the match against Brazil 


Nigerians May Protest 
Defeat by Argentina 


Agence France- Prase 

BOSTON — The harshest 
reaction to Diego Maradona's 
banishment Thursday from the 
World Cup came from Nigeri- 
an soccer officials, whose team 
was beaten by Argentina in the 
match after which the drug test 
was administered. 

Exneka Omeruah, the chair- 
man of the Nigerian Football 
Association, said Maradona 
should be sent home in dis- 
grace. 

"If any player on my team 
look drugs he would be ban- 
ished home and would have his 
name expunged from football 
forever," Omeruah said. 

“The team is involved with 
drags all through,” Omeruah 
said of the Argentine squad, 
which beat the Nigerians. 2-1. 

Claudio Caniggia, who has 
only recently returned from a 
13-month ban for cocaine use, 
scored both Argentina’s goals 
against Nigeria. 

Omeruah said the Nigerians 
would hold a meeting of their 
technical committee before de- 
ciding whether to protest the 
outcome of the match. 

“We don’t want to rush into 
things,” said Omeruah, but be 
did not rule out a formal pro- 
test to FIFA over Maradona. 

Maradona returned to com- 
petition in 1992 after serving a 
15-month ban for cocaine use 
while with the Italian club Na- 
poli 

The Nigerians' Dutch coach. 
Clemens westerhof. said: “I 
have great respect for Mara- 
dona as a player, but no sym- 
pathy. Why should 17 

“When you come to a tour- 


nament you abide by the rules, 
or you get into trouble." 

Italy’s players, who could 
face Argentina in the second 
round, had mixed emotions. 

“It makes me very sad.” said 
Gianfranco Zola, who played 
with Maradona aL Napoli and 
took over his No. 10 shirt when 
he was suspended for using co- 
caine. “This World Cup meant 
everything to him. His reputa- 
tion was on the line." 

The Italian goalkeeper Luca 
Marchegiani had hoped that 
FIFA would be lenient. 

"I hope this can be sorted 
out without them taking disci- 
plinary measures,’’ he said 
soon after the announcement 
about the test results. "We 
don’t want to play Argentina 
without its best player." 

"I feel sorry for Diego," said 
Roberto Baggio, the player 
who has come nearest to emu- 
lating Maradona's genius on 
the field. “I know he will be 
attacked endlessly by the 
press. But all that is secondary 
compared to his problems with 
drags" 

His teammate, Paolo Mal- 
dini, said the decision was only 
fair. 

“Those are the rales. Every- 
body knows them and they 
have to be applied,” he said. 

Germany's captain, Lothar 
Matthaus said it was “a terri- 
ble blow for football and for 
Diego.” 

Jurgen Klinsmann. Germa- 
ny’s top scorer here with four 
goals, said he had been pleased 
to see Maradona playing so 
well again. 

"It’s really upsetting.” he 
added. 








/ 


Page 24 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 1* 1994 


e 1 



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OBSERVER 


Epidemic of Activism 


By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — In May I 
became aware of the dis- 
turbing new ism that is loose in 
America. It is activism. 

Activism must have been 
pa uing its roots down for sever- 
al years because it was in full 
Muom when I first noticed it in 
fact, activism and activists — 
oeople who believe in the doc- 
trine of activism — had become 
.-■« commonplace in the media 
;.i communism and commu- 
.ists had been back during the 
Cold War. 

Had I detected a new menace 
..f which hardened investigative 
reporters were still unaware? I 
Hogan collecting media refer- 
. ices to activism and activists. 
^r,d had a trankful in a jiffy. 

What's astonishing is the tre- 
.nendous variety of forms that 
activism now takes and die 
.-.any shapes in which these cu- 
rious activists come. A man pic- 
; jied berating the governor of 
Florida in the May 16 issue of 
U. S. News & World Report, 
.or instance, was identified as 
an "angry ecoactivisL” 

□ 

From the story I deduced 
.iiai an “ecoactivist" believes in 
the doctrine of “activism" to- 
ward or about ecology. Consid- 
ering what’s happening to the 
world, this seems very likely to 
make him an “angry ecoacti- 
risl.” 

An. even more extraordinary 
iind was the “equitation activ- 
ist” who popped out of The 
Washington limes. A man of 
*.he Virginia horse country, in a 
Times interview, spoke of one 
. f his three daughters. She was, 
he said, “the strongest equiia- 
: . n activist" of the three. 

Is the horse world now un- 
dermined by a doctrine of “eq- 
uitation activism”? What is 
“equitation activism" anyhow? 

The Washington Times also 
reported on “pro-life activists” 
conducting a sit-in. Sitting-in 
i=ems more passivist than activ- 
ist, but activism can apparently 
take many shapes, including 
simple relentlessness. 

TTius a cover picture on the 
magazine U. S. A. Weekly iden- 


tifies Edward James Olmos as a 
“relentless actor-activist." 

□ 

Even high -brow publications 
are not above joining the com- 
mon press in seeking out and 
exposing activists. Thus The 
New York Review of Books for 
May 19 identifies a man in a 
1907 photograph as “the Jewish 
activist Alexander Braudo,” 
and The New Yorker of June 6 
identifies Sir Isaiah Berlin as, 
among other things, “an activist 
in Jewish affairs.” 

A New York Tunes story 
about the new Supreme Court 
appointee. Judge Stephen 
Breyer, reported not only that 
he had been praised by “com- 
munity activists,” but also that 
he seemed better fitted for the 
work than “a more abrasive ac- 
tivist.” 

“Student activists," “anti- 
abortion activists," “AIDS ac- 
tivists,” “conservative activ- 
ists,” “liberal activists” and 
“civil-rights activists" were a 
dime a dozen, of course. Some- 
times you could guess from the 
context of (he story what distin- 
guished these hackneyed old 
“activists” from people who 
were not “activists,” but report- 
ers often seemed to use the “ac- 
tivist" label to outwit their edi- 
tors when they didn’t quite 
know what people did or 
couldn't possibly describe it 
□ 


A Washington Post headline, 
for instance, referred to “Cali- 
fornia Activists.” Their activ- 
ism aimed at stamping out 
smoking, not stamping out Cal- 
ifomi a/** Hundreds of activists” 
turned up in a Post obituary, 
referring to people who worked 
in the campaign to register 
blacks to vote in Mississippi in 
the 1964 “Freedom Summer." 

“Activist celebrities” makes 
me suspect that the writer 
thinks celebrities ought to stick 
to their scrapbooks and leave 
the real world to real “activists" 
who know what “activism" is 
really about. These would be 
the “activism activists,” I sup- 
pose. 


/Vf»’ York Times Service 


A Page a Day Keeps 


By Gustav Niebuhr 

iVsw York Times Service 



E 


serenity in small, 
books” that are proliferating in the inspiration and 
self-help sections of American bookstores. 

The little paperbacks turn up in secular and reli- 
ous bookstores alike, featuring short, upbeat re- 
lections meant to be taken a page a day through the 
year. Their titles aim at all mann er of readers — 
men, women, parents, brides, the overworked, the 
sexually abused, former smokers and many others. 

The pocket-size books, about S10 each, with 200 
words or fewer per page, are portable, relatively 
cheap and a very quick read. 

Readers swear by their value. 

Anne Morgan Baker, an Atlanta museum official, 
said she was given ‘’Meditations for Women Who 
Do Too Much ” by Anne Wilson Schaef. as a gift 
some time ago. 

“I consider it something to center me at the 
beginning of the day, to give me some focus for 
whatever transpires on a given day,” she said. 

That book is fairly typical of the genie. The theme 
for July 4, for example, is self-esteem. There is a 
brief, opening quotation, in this case from Rebecca 
West: “People call me a feminist whenever I express 
sentiments that differentiate me from a doormat or a 
prostitute." 

The meditation follows, beginning. “When a 
woman believes that she is equal, she is called 
uppity.'’ And the page closes with this final thought. 



Dcnd Sutw-OTT 



in boldface: “Battering comes in many forms. My 
nly 


self-esteem is constantly assailed, yet it’s really mine 
when I get right down to it.” 

Since 1990. when the book was published, it has 
sold about a million copies, according to tbe pub- 
lisher, HarpeiCbUins. 

Robin Seaman, an associate marketing manager 
for HarperCollins. called the book an unusually high 
seller in a genre in which she estimated individual 
tides often sell in the tens of thousands of copies. “1 
think they do very well overall," she said, but added 
that the market was becoming saturated. 

Another meditation book reader is Phil Lane, 43, 
who sells trees to Miami landscapers. ‘Tve got a 
couple that I use just to get myself on track in the 
morning, just to plant something in my min d every 
day,” he said. 

Leroy McBean. an assistant manager for Colise- 
um Books in Manhat tan, recalled directing a woman 
who had just lost her job to meditation books that 
specialized in handling stress. 

Readership of these books represents a spiritual 
practice outride the bounds of organized religion 
, said Robert Wuthnow, 
iceton University and 
“Sharing Ihe Journey" fFree Press), a 
study of support groups. “I think this is really a very 
significant phenomenon," he said. 

The Reverend Bobbi Patterson, associate chap- 
lain at Emory University in Atlanta, said meditation 



books appear to be more popular among women 
than men, at least on that campus. 

Use of the books “has some echoes with the old, 
daily prayer rituals, but in a contemporary form,' 
she stud. “Mi ’ ‘ 1 

are] 

care very 

trust levels about traditional forms of prayer or 
liturgy are very low." . 

Daily, inspirational readings have a long bistory 
in Americans' spiritual lives. In earlier generations, 
when the Bible might have been the only book in the 
house, families marked their days by reading a 
scriptural passage aloud. Many, still -do. 

Even that bamt may be on the rise, albeit with a 
twist Devotional Bibles, combining a daily Scrip-, 
tine with advice on how to apply it to everyday life, 
are on the best-seller list of the Christian Booksellers 
Association, an international trade group that repre- 
sents Christian retail stores and religious supply 

entmmniwc 

“I think there is a whole new wave of renewed 
interest in a devotions! life, a life of meaning,” said 
Bill Anderson, the association's president. “Some of 
this is driven by people of Christian faith who want 
to increase their personal level" of religious experi- 
ence, he added. 

Still, many in the current crop of meditation 
books owe as much to the “recovery movement,” 
which has drawn millions of Americans into “12- 
step" groups based on tbe methods used by Alcohol- 
ics Anonymous. Since 1990, AA has published its 
own meditation book, “Daily Reflections," which 
has sold about 750,000 copies, said a spokeswoman 


for the group, 
drivix 


Also driving the market is a broad and growing 
fascination with all things spirituaL The recovery 
boom of the 1980s led to a spirituality boom of, the 


*90s, and meditation books serve as “a touchstone 
for people,” said Leslie Johnson-Byrae,. a trade 
markf^ngmainagg -al the Hazielden Foandation. the 
Center City, . Minnesota, operator of alcohol and 
drug; treatment centers ana publisher ot recovery 
literature. ^ - 

Three Hazdden meditation books bave sold mere 
than a milli on copies each, the. foundation says. 

For some, buying daily meditations is an act of 
impulse. Gregory LecJditner/a 43-year-dd Miami 
psychologist, saw the spiral-bound “Thoughts from 
the Scat of the Soul” by Gary Zukav, a meditation 
that is designed like a small, desktop cal e nda r , and 
snapped it~up; “I’ve set itiup on my-dresser and I’ve 
tried to put d as part oTmy routine of, getting nad y 
for work in the morning," he said. . . 

Some people buy the books to give to others. Sam 
Gunder, an actor in Manhattan, said he purchased 
one for a friend. “We're a nation" of battered .people 
and we’re looking for comfort;" he SakL“I t’s not that - 
these books by themselves will help you, but if you are 
ready to accept what they’re saying, they can be great 
hdp.” i. - ^ 

wd»*^owsoch a routine. “They just kind o^focus 
you,” said Linda Boyd, 31; a saleswoman at the 
Lutheran Gift and Church Supply in' Houston who 
prefers bocks with a Christian orientation. “Especial- 
ly in the evening, they hdp you to quiet down. In the' 
morning, it helps you keep aware of what is critical.” 
Will meditation books have a staying power with 
their current audience? Not everyone stays hooked. 

Saudi St rombcr g, a receptionist at the G G. Jung 
Educational Center in Hqustqn,said she used to read 
a daily meditation in the evenings, after putting her 
two children to bed. “It kqpt me centered," die said. 

But she added: *T think you outgrow them. I guess . 
Td rather read a book.” 


PEOPLE 


A Moscow Music FvnU 
No first Prises Given 


.A jury of former winners re- 


to award ■ first prizes -jn 
piano, violin or cello in w 
Tchaikovsky international 
competition, which has beeti 
held every four years in Mos- 
cow since 1958. It was the first 
time tbe jury consisted entirely 
of former winners, and the first 


pnn» top prizes have not been 
given: There ' 




’were 284 competi- 


tors. Second prize for piano 


*\r 


went to Nikolai LaganskL, 

Russia, in the ceflo section, the 
jury also withheld awards for 
second, third and fifth prizes: 
Fourth place. weni to Eileen 
Moon or "New York In violin, 
Jennifer Koh of Chicago shared 
second place with Anastasia 
: Chebotareva, 21, of Russia. 

- Sylvester StaBone is suing a 
New York attorney for libel, ac- 
cessing the lawyer of making 
false statements that the actor 
and part-time painter had cheat- 
ed a woman out of three paint- 
ings. The rail, tiled by Stallone 
and Anthony FKfi, his stepfa- 
ther and business agent, seeks 
4| na yg of more than $50 mil- 
lion from Edward D. Fagan and 
his New Yoric law firm. 

A 2 1 -year-okl German wom- 
an who threatened singer Jenny 
Jterggrea of the. Swedish 
group Ace of Base with a 1 
has been convicted by a Sw 
ish court Maimela BehrtiJ 
.from CeQe; was sentenced 
one year in prison and will 
banned from enteri n g Sweden* 
during the next 10 years. 

D 

Manila's steamy weather- is 
wreaking havoc on Frank Sina- 
tra’s four-day concert tour, caus- 
ing him to miss his tines. The 
singer's son, Frank Sinatra' Jr., 
who conducts his father’s band, 
said that “on occasion, perspira- 
tion gets in his eyes” and Hun 
tire tekprompter. But the 78- 
year-oitf singer is “too proud to 
wear glasses,” he said. 


It V* 




:|i 






A. 


* I-' 


I INTERNATIONAL 
€I^SmED 

Appears on Page * 6-9J0JT &• 21 


WEATHER 


WEEKEND DESTINATIONS 


Europe 




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Today 
Mob lorn 
OF OF 
»/B9 !9*» 
23/73 14/57 
29/84 12/53 
32/89 2I/7D 
31/88 21 HO 
MIW 22/71 
28/79 10/50 
26/79 13/55 
33/91 21/70 
23/13 9(48 

33/91 23/73 
19/06 9*48 
16/61 12/53 
33/81 22ff1 
23/73 13/55 
27/80 16*1 
21/70 12/53 
32/69 19flS 
28/79 19*8 
30*8 17*2 
23/73 12/53 
38/100 19*6 
33*1 21 m 
23/73 15*9 

sang 13/53 

29*4 20*8 
19*8 i/48 

30*8 22/71 
24/75 13/55 
25/77 12*3 
15*9 ICV50 
31*8 21/70 
25/77 15*9 
21/70 9/48 

29*4 13*5 
22/71 13*5 
31*8 23/73 
2B/79 18*1 
27*0 11*2 
29*4 18*1 


W M0I 

OF 

• 30*8 
a 27*0 

* 28*2 
S 32*9 
9 30*8 
pc 34*3 
1 29*4 

■ 30*8 
pc 33*1 
I 27*0 
• 32*9 
pa 21/70 
PC 21/70 
a 32*9 
a 2 e/79 

PC 29*4 
•h 18*4 
a 30*8 
a 28/79 
a 27*0 
a 27*0 

■ 38*7 
a 33*1 
pc 28/79 
PC Z7*0 

■ 29*4 
pc Zl/73 
a 29*4 
a 29*4 
pc 29*4 
pc 18*1 
a 33*! 

■ 24/75 
PC 21/70 
a 31/BB 
sb 19*5 
pc 30*8 
pc 28/78 
pc 29*4 
a 30*8 


Lev W 
OF 

21/70 c 
16*1 a 
18*1 pc 
22/71 pc 
21/70 a 
22/71 a 
16*1 a 
15*9 a 
22/71 1 
15*9 ■ 
23/73 * 
7/44 ah 
11*2 I 
2l/m a 
14/57 I 
17*2 a 
11/52 dl 
21/70 pc 

21/m * 

19*8 c 
14*7 I 
20*8 ■ 
22/71 > 
13/55 a 
17/82 ■ 

20*8 a 

13*5 pc 
22/71 a 
18*1 | 
17*2 a 
9/48 c 
22/71 a 
9(48 (h 
10*0 pc 
18*4 I 
12*3 dl 
23/73 a 
ib* 4 a 
16*1 a 
18*4 a 


Forecast for Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Wealher. 



North America 

Bfclortnc heal continue 
this weekend from the south- 
ern Rockies 10 Die Mississip- 
pi River Valley. Chicago lo 
Detroit wta have seasonably 
warm weather Friday. Hoi 
weather wil develop over the 
weekend. Heavy rains will 
develop over southern 
British Cotunbia and south- 
ern AttxHta this weekend 


Europe 


Warsaw through Varna and 
Rome w* be fri 1 


die rnktS of 
a heat wave Wo the week- 
end. Much cooler weather 
wilt move into northwest 
Europe over Ihe weekend. 
Rain w* tan. heavy at lanes, 
from Dublin to Manchester. 
Par* may have a thunder- 
storm Friday; the weekend 
wil be cooler wih showers 


Asia 

Extreme heal and humidity 
will continue from Hang 
Kong lo Shanghai Friday nio 
the weekend. There is very 
little hepe for any cooling 
rains through al least Sun- 
day. Scattered heavy down- 
pours will follow a path 
through the central PhBip- 
pmes to central Vietnam tote 
this week. 


Asia 


TodM 




«9»> 

Low 

W 

w* 

Low W 


OF 

OF 


OF 

OF 

Broty* 

32*9 

24/75 

tb 

33*1 

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fkinaKcna 

31*8 

ssm 

23/73 1 
27*0 pe 

31*6 

33*9 

3i/m pc 
37*0 di 

Mnta 

34*3 

35/77 


33*1 

24/75 1 

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35SS 

SB'S 

■ 

38/97 

28*3 pe 

9*>/ 

29*4 

23/71 

di 

39*4 

3? (71 nil 

StwijW 

36*7 

36/79 

■ 

33/91 

24/75 1 


31*8 

25/77 


32*8 

35/77 dl 

T«W*. 

32*9 

26/79 


32*8 

38/79 pc 

Tt*m 

36rtl 

19«S 


27*0 

21.70 pc 

Africa 


28*3 

30*8 

9 

28*2 

21 /m pc 

Cap*Towi 

15*9 

6(43 pc 

16*4 

11*3 pc 


29*4 

19*6 

* 

29/84 

20/81 pc 

Harare 

»*B 

KW50 

I 

23*3 

11/53 pe 

S3- 

29*4 

ZJ/73 


28*4 

24/75 1 

23/71 

10 GO s 

22/71 

12*3 pc 

T« 

39*4 

18*4 

5 

31*8 

19*8 pc 

North America 


SATURDAY 



SUNDAY 


f* forecasts m* itata prodded 
byAcaeWeamw. her I9»4 


Europe arid Middle East 
Lo ca t i on 


Europe end Kiddle I 


Low Wktsr 


Oago 


Middle East 


Latin America 


Todcy 
ill Low 


Mil 

Cam 


Oceania 


HlBh 
OF OF 
29*4 23/71 
35*5 19*8 
28*2 15*9 
27*0 17*2 
38/fCO I74SJ 
42/K77 27*0 


wgn Law w 

cif of 

30*6 22/71 • 
35*5 2100 a 
31 *B 17*3 a 
29*2 18*4 c 
39/102 30CB a 
4000424/75 a 


Etanoakms 


Tadaj 

tagti Low 8/ Mgh Law w 

OF OF OF OF 

12*3 2*5 di 9*8 2*5 pc 

Cm 31*8 2100 pc 31*8 2301 pc 

Um 19*6 16*1 a 19*6 18*1 pc 

MmfcoCCy 2507 13*5 ah 53/77 13*5 at* 

(QodeJwwn- am 17*2 pc 24.75 18*4 pc 

-1/31 pc 12/53 104 a 


Im Mpk l 


21/70 10/50 
32*9 2100 
36*2 18*4 
27*0 18*1 
35*5 17*2 
28*3 10*1 
28*3 32/71 
36*5 23/73 
33*8 21/70 
32*8 3405 
27*0 18*4 
24/75 13*8 
31*1 2405 


a 19*6 
a 31*8 
ah 27*0 

• 29*4 

• 38*7 
c 28*2 
pc 21*4 
a 38*7 


I 31*8 
I 29(64 
r 24/75 
pc 32*9 


14/57 8/43 pc 13/55 5(43 dl 

17*2 9/48 > 17*2 11/52 • 


Legend: s-sumy, pc-oWr dowty. c-ctoudy. sh- d wa sa . Ht M toe mt e u re. t-tma. si-snow ftpnes. 
snenow. H08. W -W— let. *tlmepa.tom ca «ts«nd ilpUp i o | i i d8<lhy* m» - wea 5wr.lnc.; l994 


43/109 30*8 
22/71 11*2 
32/71 11*2 
34/75 15*9 
3Z*9 21/70 


a 44/i n 
a 2100 
pc 19*8 
dl 2809 
I 33*1 


9*48 pc 
21 On pc 
19/88 pc 
17*2 pc 
17*3 a 
17*3 pe 
23/73 pc 
2609 a 
18*4 a 
2507 pc 
18*4 pc 
•2*3 dl 
2405 pe 

2100 pe 

3i*i a 
IMS • 
12*3 * 
13*5 pc 
23/71 pc 




Tanip. 

Tonbi. 

Tamp. 


Spaad 



OF 

CTF 

C/F 

(Metre*) 

0«ph) 

Cannes 

Sunny 

29«4 

20/68 

22/71 

1-2. 

NW 

15-30 

Deauvffle 

douty 

25/77 

15/53 

1509 

1-2 • 

W 

15-30 

Rimini 

sunny 

31 /B8 

24/75 

23/73 

1-2 

SE 

15-25 

Malaga 

sunny 

33/91 

24/75 

23/73 

1-2 

SSE 

15-25 

Csgtan 

sumry 

31/88 

23/73 

2373 

1-2 

SE 

15-25 

Fero 

cloudy 

22/71 

1509 

21/70 

1-2 

SW 

15-30 

FHraeus 

sunny 

32/89 

23/73 

23/73 

1-2 

NE 

15-25 

Corfu 

sunny 

32/S 

24/75 

23/73 

1-2 

. 

10-20 

Bntfuon 

dioww* 

22m 

14/57 

1509 

1-2 

WM 

15-30 

Ostsnd 

showers 

22 m 

13/55 

1509 

1-2 

SW 

15-30 


showere 

23173 

14/57 

1407 

1-2 

SE 

15-25 

sy* 

ttwnboi tlwri u 

25/77 

16/BI 

1305 

• 1-2 

SE 

15-25 

t»mr 

sunny 

34/93 

23/73 

23/73 

• 1-2 

NE 

15-30 

TolAvfv 

sunny 

32/89 

22/71 

22/71 

1-2 

N 

1525 

CaAbaan and West Atlantic 







Barbados 

deeds and sun 

32/89 

26/79 

28/B2 

1-2 

ESE 

25-35 

Khastai 

SLThoroas 

sunny 

33/91 

24/75 

28/82 

1-2 

E 

25-40 

patty sunny 

34/93 

24/75 

28/82 

1-2 

E 

25-35 

Ham Aon 

partly sunny 

31/88 

26/79 

27/BO 

1-2 

SE 

20-35 

AsWPMtic 





- 



Penang 

thowei* 

31/88 

24/75 

3086 

1 

sw 

15-25 

Phuk* 

showers 

32/89 

24/75 

2904 

1 

SW 

15-25 

Bali 

partly sunny 

32/89 

22/71 

2802 

1 

sw 

12-25 

Cteu 


33/91 

24/75 

31/88 


e 

15-30 

Patm Beach, Aus 

surmy 

17/62 

a/48 

1804 

1-2 

VAR 

1020 

Bay of Wands. NZ 

sfwware 

1305 

9/48 

1702 

1-3 

NW 

3>50 

Shkahama 

any 

28/82. 

22 m 

2373 

1 

S 

18-35 

Honohdu 

partly Sumy 

29/84 

23/73 

20/79 

1-3 

E 

20-35 


Camas 

Daouvflkt 

Rknni 


CagJteri 

Fare 

Premia 

Corfu 

Brighton 

◦stand 

Schoven n gon 

tanr 
Tel Aviv 


sunny 

party nmy • 
surniy 
sunny 
Sunny 
party unny 
sunny " 


sunny 

bfauasi 


i end sun 

shows 

show ers 

tl 11/1*15 

sunny 

*X¥ly 


Carfcboen and Waat Atlantic 
Baitoedos 


107 

High 

Low 

wafer 

Warn 

Wind. ¥S 

St 

Tamp- 

Tamp. 

1 lai nhln 
rmgaiH 

Spaad \ 

- -C/F 

C/F 

(Mfere*) 

(kph) 

30/85 

21/70 

22m 

1-2 

WNW 

15-25 

2700 

1601 

1601 

1^ 

wsw 

15-30 

31/88 

23/73 

23/73 

.1-2 

SE 

15-30 

33/91 

23/73 

22/71 

1-2 

S 

15-30 

32/89 

24/75 

23/73 

1-2 

SSE 

15:30 • . : 

24/75 

1407 

21/70 

1-2 

NW 

I5-2S 

32/89 

23/73 

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2373 

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15-25 . 

24(75 

13/55 

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2373 

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20-35 . 

3108 

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doudssndsun 32189 
showms . . 33191 
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26/79 

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partysunny 33/91 
party sunny 32/89 
party sunny ’ 33®1 
partly sunny 19/08 
cfowly 13/55 

sunny 29/84 

clouds and sun 29B4 


24/75 

3006 


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2904 

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2373 

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2577 

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30-50 

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».-■ * 



Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


Imagine a world where you can call country to country as easily as you can from home And 
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ATfiT 


. ABET Access Numbers -. . 

How to cafl around tire worid. 

I. L-stag fbe chan below, find th e country you are calling finm. 

2 Dul ibe corresponding ARET Access Number. 

3. An AKT Engifah-speaking Opecuor or voice prompt will ask for the phone number you wish i o call or connect you I o n 
cusiomerserrice representative. 7 - 

ToreociveyourfrcewaDetcardof ADsa^AccesNwiibe^jukdUltBacoessinmberor • 
Uiecounuy youYe in and ask for Customer Seivice. 


COUNTRY 

ACCESS NUMBER 

COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY 

ACCESS NUMBER 


ASIA 

Baly- 

172-1011 Brazil 

000-8010 

AnsnUa 

1-SOO-S81-OU 

UedacuMrin 11 .. 

155-00-11 ChOe 

0Q*-0312 

CUta.PHC**« 

10811 

" Hlk" |f1« 

8*196 Columbia. 

980-11-0010 

Gram 

018872 

Luxembourg 

08060111 - GcwaRica**.: 

• • v 114 

Bong Kong 

800-1112 

Macedonia, F,YJL of 990004288 EcuadoC 

=U9 

India* 

000-117 

Malta" 

0800090-110 □SaKudor’k--'- 

. . 190 

Indonesia* 

001-801-10 

Monaco* 

19*0611 Guatemala* 

- 190 

.fapan* 

0039-111 

NHbcrimdr 

06023-9111 Qoyasar** 

165 

Korea 

009-11 

Norway 

800-190:11 . Hornjura<*p» 

... 123 

Korea** 

ir 

Poland**- 

0*010^00111 Mexico*** 

- 95-800-462-4240 

Malaysia* 

8004)011 

Pormgal* 

O 5 OT 7 -I -288 NlammuafMcnaoml . m 

New Zealand 

000-911 

Bonaafa • 

■ 010004288 RmamM - 

• 109 

nnnppniCb 

105-11 

RD8Sfa**CMoacnw) 

UW042 ,Pffsr. .- 

V\- . 191 

Saipan* 

235-287Z, 

StovaUflL 

0042000101 Aodname - 

' 06 

Sin^pore 

8000111-111 

Spain* 

900090<M1- Drogitay 

00-0410 

Sri Lanka 

43CM30 

Sweden* 

; 020-795*>1! VenezudaT*' • 

• SBWHMJn 

Xaiwatn* 

0080-102880 

Switzerland" 

15500-11 - CARIBBEAN 

Thailand* 

0019-991-1111 

ILK. 

. 0500-89-0011 Bahamas 

■- . 1-800872-2881 

EUROPE 

Ukraine* ’ 

8*100-11 Bermuda* 

1-800872-2881 

Armenia** 

8*14111 

MIDDLE EAST - . BdtfehVJ. - 

• ‘1^800872-2881 

Austrtr** 

022-903-011 

Bahrain 

* 9WH30.I . Cayman Islands ; 

1-800872-2881 

Brigtan* 

0800-100-10 

Cyprus* 

. 080-90010 Grenada*, . 

. 1-80O872-2JW1 

Bulgaria 

00-18000010 

brad 

. 177-100-2727 ‘ HaSt* .J 1 .* / 

' ~ 001-800972-2883 

Czech Rep 

. 00-42000101 

Lebanon (Beirut) 

426-801 . NeduAiUfl - 

0800-852*2881 

001-800-872-2881 

pemnarif 

- 8001-0010 

Qatar 

— 0800011-77 &.Bas,Tfcrti^ 

WOOS72-2S81 

p/nlinft- 

. 9800-100-10 

SaucE Arabia 

* ••• -1-80O-M - - AFRICA- - ■ 

France 

19*0011 

Ttrtfiy* 

. OMOO-12Z77 > jBgnir.(Ctf»y. 

■ : 5100200 

Germany 

01300010 

LLAE.* 

800-121 Gabon* - 

OOa-OOI 

Greece* 

00800-1311 

AMERICAS ’ -Cam Mo* 

00111 

Hungary* 

OOaBOOOUU 

A^raina* 

OOMOO^OO-l ill »= -genyr 

080010 

Iceland"* 

999-001 

Bdlze* 

555^ . Uberia • 

WW97 

Irdtaod 

1-800-550000 

Boibia* 

0-8001112 SoobAfidai 

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