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INTERNATIONAL 



ertbunc 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


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** 


Paris, Wednesday, July 6, 1994 


No. 34,633 


Tran Sputters 
,Sf In Drive for 


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V A Weakening Economy 
And Internal Unrest 
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By Elaine Sciolino 

. New York Times Serna . 

WASHINGTON — : In the three years 
■since Iraq was Seated in the Golf war, 
Iran s drive to become a regional- super- 
power has been thwarted by a worsening 
eco nomy and an internal political struggle. 

Despite the-U.S. government’s etffxaal 
portrayal of -Iran as a rogue refine with 
similarities to Iraq before its invasion of 
'Kuwait, Tehran lacks the money, military 
equipment, and trained personnel to seri- 
k ously threaten its neighbors, experts on the 
f country contend. 

According to this revisionist view, Iran 
.is getting weaker, not stronger. 

‘‘The regime is facing serious internal 
problems with no solutions,*’ said Shaul 
Ba kh a sh , author of a forthcoming book on 
Islam and politics in Iran. ‘This is an 
exhausted revolution. It is a regime oat of 
touch and talking to hsdf, not (me that can 
afford to project its. power abroad in a 
major way." 

For several years, the government has 
suffered from high inflation and unem- 
ployment, rapid population growth, a 
mounting foreign debt that it can ho long- 


own'll? 

1 5 Vm{5; 


iay, and waning popular support for 
u: ite Muslim clerics who control the 



er 
the 

country. 

The bombing last month in Meshed of 
the holiest Shiite shrine in Iran on the most 
• solemn day erf theyear, killing at least two 
dozen pilgrims, has added to the govern- 
ment's sense of vulnerability. 

Declining world chi prices have shaved 30 
percent from Iranian ml revenue in the past 
.year, while declining production ability has 
made the country unable to meet its quota 
allowed by the Organization of Petroleum r 

Exporting Countries. • • * 

"The Iranians desperately^ need to re- 
build their oil fields," said Vahan Zap-- 
oyan. an economist and director of the 
^Petroleum Finance Co„ a consulting firm - 
_£ta WashingKm. 'They lave serious 
(faction problems, primarily bedatiae 
•-'havenotJ 
spare 

- work."....;., ■_ 

Iran’s imports froth ihe United States iri 
the first quarter, wfacfcconsist mostly ofoflt 
related ecpnpmeat, totaled $90 million. , 
compared with $217 milli on in the first 
quarter of 1993. - - 

President Hashemi Rafsanjaai has been 

See IRAN, Page 4 . 



' ' \»*1 And. AfrW FrjDar-Prev« 

Yasser Arafat baring a cheerful conversation during his visit to Jericho with two ultraortfaodox Jews who are members of a sect opposed to Zionism. 

For Arafat’s Return, an Uneasy Finale in Jericho 


. By David Hoffman 

.. Washington Poet Service 

JERICHO — Yasser Arafat, the PaL 
es tiriian leader, alighted Tuesday from 
an Egyptian helicopter in the ancient city 
of Jericho and formally established the 
new self-rule regime that will govern the 
Gaza Strip and Jericho. 

But Mr. Arafat’s day, his first in the 
.West Rank since 1967, .seemed to.be ah 
awkward and unsettling finale to his voy- 
age, of, return. 

Under a blanket of oppressive heat, 
Palestinians who came to hear Mr. Ara- 
fat, many of them former' prisoners in 
Israeli jafly giew indignant when they 



were forced to stand behind two layers of 
barbed wire fence at the welcoming cere- 
mony. 

They trampled the fence to get closer 
but collided with Mr. Arafat’s protective 
cordon of armed soldiers. 

The welcome was further cooled by 
the fact that Palestinians in the West 
Bank apparently derided not to come to 
Jericho in large numbers to see Mr. Ara- 
fat. 

A few thousand crowded into a field 
outride a bus station for the ceremony, 
far fewer than the tens of thousands from 
West Bank towns and villages who came 


to see the arrival of the new Palestinian 
police force a few weeks eariier. 

Mr. Arafat complained that Israel had 
blocked Palestinians from coming. Israel 
denied that it bad directly barred Pales- 
tinians from traveling to Jericho, but 
relatively small groups of militant Jewish 
settlers were allowed to burn tires and 
block roads for hours, and witnesses said 
the army moved against them only hesi- 
tantly. 

As a result, Palestinians in the West 
Bank may have derided not to take the 
risks involved. 

Another possible reason for the low 
turnout was that most of the West Bank 


remains under Israeli occupation and its 
residents are less enthusiastic about the 
new self-rule regime than those who live 
in Gaza and Jericho. 

Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Isra- 
el and Mr. Arafat are to meet in Paris on 
Wednesday for the first time since the 
Gaza-Jericho peace accord was signed 
May 4. and their agenda includes talks 
on expanding self-rule to the rest of the 
West Bank. 

While blocking roads, the Jewish set- 
tlers failed to stage massive demonstra- 
tions that they had boasted would dis- 
rupt Mr. Arafat’s visit. Instead, small 

See PLO, Page 4 




on Business in Midst of Corruption Cleanup 


J France Skirls 
J Face-Off With 
Rwanda Rebels 


By Jonathan C. Randal 

Washington Past Service . 

GIKONGORO, Rwanda — France be- 
gan a strategic retreat Tuesday from 
threatened military escalation in Rwanda, 
effectively agreeing to wrthdraw its Inter- 
vention forces from most of the country in 
return for rebel tolerance of a humanitar- 
ian security zone in the southwest. 

The still-informal agreement left the 
way open for the predominantly Tutsi in- 
surgents of the Rwanda Patriotic Fr ont to 
'launch an offensive in the northwest 
against the reefing Hutu government 
forces that two days ago lost the capital, 
Kigali, and the city erf Butare. 

Outlines of an agreement apparently 
were worked (Hit between French emissar- 
ies and the Patri otic Front in Kamp a l a, the 
capital of Uganda, which long has piqrid- 
edthe insurgents with political and materi- 
al support. 


By Alan Friedman . 

• • Imemothmai Heroki Tribune 

- PARIS — The arrest erf another of 
France’s- leading businessmen on corrup- 
tion charges this week shook the bourse 
■and the business establishment, but it may 
soon become a more common event 
Corruption is now considered by many 
businessmen to be as much of a threat to 
efficiency and a distortion of the market as 
trade barriers, and the signs are that Eu- 

Western Euroj^climbs out of its 
most traumatic recession in a generation, 
the view of many in finance and industry is 
that it is time for renewal — evidently 


extending weD beyond mere corporate re- 
structuring. 

Tn fact, the anti -corruption drive 
launched two years ago by courageous 
Milan magistrates appears to be spreading 
across Europe, with investigators in 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

France; Spain and Germany emboldened 


by^I Laly’s example. 


ly was the trigger,” said Professor 
George Taucher, a specialist is business 
ethics at the Internationa] Institute for 
.Management Development in Lausanne, 
Switzerland. Mr. Taucher and others said 


it was only logical that corruption scandals 
in European banking and industry were 
now coming to light after a free-wheeling 
decade of peed and loose business morals. 

“Lone periods of prosperity usually end 
in scandal. " Mr. Taucher said. "The 1920s 
were renowned for scandals that emerged 
in the 1 930s. There is no doubt that you’ve 
got emboldened magistrates now. And sev- 
eral scandals will collapse of their own 
weight.” 

In France, the arrest Monday of Pierre 
Suard, the chairman of Alcatel Alsthom 
SA who was charged with forgery, fraud, 
and corruption, was only the latest in a 


series of judicial attacks on big names in 
French capitalism. (Page 1 1 ) 

Earlier this year a Geneva magistrate 
began investigating executives at Credit 
Lyonnais in connection with the slate- 
owned bank’s dealings with a bankrupt 
Swiss company involved in the controver- 
sial 1990 takeover of Metro-Goldwyn- 
Mayer Inc., the Hollywood studio. 

Last month the Paris bourse was rocked 
the jailing in Brussels of Didier Pineau- 
alencienne. the chairman of Schneider 
SA who was charged with fraud and held 
for two weeks. 

And last week. French magistrates or- 
See SCANDALS, Page 4 


£ 


Bosnia Faces 
Ultimatum 
To Accept 
Peace Plan 

Z7.5., Russia and Europe 
Declare That Patience 
Has Been Exhausted 

By William Drozdiak 

Washington Post Service 

GENEVA — Russia, the United Slates 
and the European allies approved the par- 
tition of Bosnia- Herzegovina along ethnic 
lines Tuesday and urged the country’s war- 
ring parties to accept the peace plan with- 
out modification. 

Foreign minis ter* from the big powers, 
declaring that the world’s patience has 
been exhausted by the 27-month war, said 
the time had come to impose a settlement 
on Bosnia's Serbs. Croats and Muslims 
because they bad refused to accept a 
peaceful compromise on their own. 

It was the first time in the course of 
Europe’s bloodiest conflict since World 
War 11 that Russia, the United Stales and 
leading Europe countries had reached a 
common position on how to stop the fight- 
ing and separate the combatants. 

The ministers gave their final blessing to 
a map that cedes 49 percent of the territory 
to Bosnia’s Serbs and 51 percent to the 
federation between Croats and Muslims. 

They also agreed on a package of carrots 
and sticks that would reward parties ac- 
cepting die plan and punish those rejecting 
iL 

They warned that if the peace plan was 
spumed, the war could quickly escalate 
and spread through the rest of (he Balkans, 
especially if an international arms embar- 
go was lifted and the 35.000-member Unit- 
ed Nations force began to withdraw. 

But as fighting continued Tuesday in 
Bosnia, there was little sign that the Serbs, 
who now control 70 percent of the land, 
were prepared to relinquish their gains, or 
that the Muslims were ready to hall a 
summer offensive to win back lost territo- 
ries. 

Russia's Andrei V. Kozyrev, who hosted 
the three-hour meeting among ministers 
from the big powers, said the leaders of 
Bosnia's three factions will be handed the 
map Wednesday and be told that they have 
two weeks to respond to the “peaceful 
ultimatum." The ministers would then re- 
convene in Geneva before the end of the 
month to determine their next steps. 

“The world has come to a turning point 
because we all realize that the passions 
around Bosnia can lead to international 
confrontation,’’ Mr. Kozyrev said. “We 
have chosen the only alternative possible: 
joint action against those whom the war 
has deprived of common sense." 

Secretary of State Warren M. Christo- 
pher said that if the Serbs rejected the plan 
and Bosnia’s mostly Muslim government 
accepts it, the prospect of lifting an arms 
embargo to give the Muslims greater fire- 
power to carry out an offensive to recap- 
ture their land would become "almost irre- 
sistible.’’ 

Mr. Kozyrev, who has warned in the 
See BOSNIA. Page 4 



re i a uu.ua- mui Kagame, — - 

Front commander in chief, announced in 
Kigali that his forces “were not searing a 
clash” with the fewer than; 1,000 French 
troops deployed in western Rwanda. 

“We don’t want to take the entire coun- 
try and we don’t need, to,” Mr- Kagame 
said. 

President Francois Mit terran d of 
France announced the French retreat dor- 
visit to South Africa, insjstmg th^ 
“tne RPF is not our enemy” and ^we are 
not trying to prerenl its eventual success, 
in the three-month cavil war. 

Mr. Mitterrand thus appeared to be. ao* 



t 


P^S virtually go-it-alone operation, 

See RWANDA, Page 4 


| Newsstand Prices^ 


Andorra 9.00 FF Luxembourg 4DL.Fr 

g|r I? S 

Greece fESiS* z3Eo£dS 

«ar^ Vj8 8tSnsSi»-i o 


WORLD CUP M GRANDSTAND 



OoTgrxOnficvrtgsiw F« 


Michael Emenalo of Nigeria competing for the ball with Nicafa Berti of Italy, which woo the match, 2-L, in overtime. 


Italy 2 , Mortal 

Roberto Baggio broke the tie ffom the 
penalty spot in the 12th minute of 
extra time, after having scored his first 
goal of the tournament in the 89th 
minute tp tie Nigeria. It was the first 
second-round match to go beyond the 
■ nonsal 90 mumte. 

A Hoar for tfie lrfsh Crowd 

The Irish fans have bees among the 
-most rabid and enthusiastic of the 
World Cup. “We havethe greatest fans 


in the world, bar none,”, said Andy 
Townsend, the Irish captain. 

If only “Jack’s lads" had given them 
more to cheer abouL 

SedocadAiMittans? 

If commentators in other parts of die 
world are to.be believed, that cultural 
imperialist, the United States, has sub- 
mitted to the seductive, charms of an 
alien sport “This is no thin g than a 
cultural revolution, a victory by the 
Old Continent, the revenge of the colo* 
mzed," wrote Fr6dfiricpag4s in Le Ca- 
nard Encba£nc, a French weekly. 


Th* Canten State’s Weeds 

Many fans from abroad who came to 
New York without reservations have 
found a side of New Jersey that the 
Garden State would love to hide: the 
factories, the strip malls, the no- tell 
motels where rates are S27 for three 
hours — or $30 for a mirrored room. 

Quanwflnai pass** Saturday - Italy WL 
Spain. In Foxboro. Massocnusons. 1605 GMT; 
Netherlands vs. Brazil, in Danas, 1635 GMT. 
Sunday - fttatico-Buigsria winner vs. Germa- 
ny. & Bast Rutherford. New Jersey, 1605 SMT; 
Sweden vs. Romania, in Stanford, California, 
1935 GMT. 

World Cup report: Pages 17. 18 ana 19 


Hungarians in Romania 
Battle Cultural Onslaught 


By David B. Ottaway 

Washington Pest Service 

CLUJ, Romania — A bronze statue of a 
15th century king in this old Transylva- 
nian city has become the unlikely object of 
a political battle between Romanian na- 
tionalists and tite country’s sizable Hun- 
garian minority. 


The fight over the old statue, depicting 
King Mathias towering over Unity Square 
in the center of cows, has provided a stark 


reminder that Yugoslavia is not the only 
place in the Balkans where nationalist pas- 
sions are vulnerable to exploitation by ex- 
tremist politicians. 

Tbe struggle is ostensibly over whether 
to permit an archaeological search for 
what may be a forum from Roman times 
beneath Unity Square. 

For two weeks, thousands of Hungarian 
demonstrators have blocked Romanian ar- 
chaeologists from beginning an explor- 
atory dig at one end of tbe square. They 
say tbe dig is not a scientific exercise but 
rather a political ploy by Romania’s grow- 
ing ultranationahst movement to remove 
the statue. 


Some Romanians have made Mathias 
into a symbol of what they say was 500 
years of oppression under Hungarian rule. 

The real issue, both sides say, is an 
attempt by e thni c Romanians to assert 
cultural and political dominance over the 
country’s declining Hungarian minority, 
which is estimated now to be between 1 .6 
million and 2 milli on in a total population 
of 23 million. 

Most of the Hungarians in Romania live 
in the province of Transylvania. The city 
of Cluj, once a cultural and political center 
of Hungarians, is bring aggressively Ro- 

manianizeri 

Thai a statue and an archaeological dig 
have come to dominate the political life of 
this city of more than 300.000 reflects how 
aggressively Romania’s ultranationalists 
are exploiting emotional symbols to rally 
Romanian sentiment. 

Romania is governed by a weak minor- 
ity government that relied on the extreme - 
Romanian National Unity Party to rescue 

See ROMANIA, Page 4 


Kiosk 


Mandela’s Finance Minister Resigns 

JOHANNESBURG (AP) — Derek 
Keys, the respected finance minister re- 
tained by the African National Congress 
to make blade rule more palatable to 
business, announced Tuesday that he 
would resign for personal reasons. 

A prominent banker, Christo Liebcn- 
was selected to succeed him. 


- v " 

eramcni had nothing to do with policy 
differences within President Nelson 
Mandela’s government. 

Even before his announcement, ru- 
mors that Mr. Keys would resign weak- 
ened the South African currency. 



up 

'I 5.83 
| 365248 

pi § 

Up 

0 . 31 % jg 
111.86 

The Dollar 

NflWYttK 

Tube. cteGS 

pravtotKcMe 

DM 

15803 

1.5966 

Pound 

1.5437 

1.5385 

Yen 

96-926 

S&65 

FF 

5.4175 

S.467 

Book Review 
Crossword 


Page 8. 
Page 20. 



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Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JULY 6, 1994 


** 


/ 




At Summit, Few Expect Much From Japan’s New Leader : world br iefs 


By Steven Brull 

International Herald Tribute 

TOKYO — When Tomiichi Murayama ar- 
rives at the Group of Seven industrialized na- 
tions summit meeting in Naples on Friday. Ja- 
pan's new Socialist prime minister will have a 
unique advantage — a total lack of experience in 
international affairs and the most minimal of 
expectations placed upon him. 

A stronger and more seasoned statesman 
would be pressed hard to defend Japan's unfin- 
ished macroeconomic and trade policies at a 
summit meeting concerned with promoting glob- 
al growth and jobs. 

But Mr. Murayama will very likelv find that 

T~ »_ : 1.— 


dustry and the Minis try of Finance “will once 
a gain be able to make a case not to do anything 
to Japan now, not to do anything that hurts," 
said Chalmers Johnson, president of the Japan 
Policy Research Institute in Santa Monica. 
California. 

“It's not totally accidental," he said. "Plenty 
of people in the bureaucracy want to buy time 
d muk America for as long as possible." 


an 


Mr. Murayama, 70, leads a coalition beset 
with internal conflict, and making tougher de- 
mands would onl y risk escalating tensions and 
driving up the yen even higher against the dollar, 
with potentially precarious consequences for fi- 
nancial markets. 


despite Japan’s gaping global trade surplus of 
$130 billion last year, his counterparts will settle 
for promises of future actions and reassurances 


Low expectations are a politician's greatest 
iid Yas 


that be plans to make no drastic changes to 
economic and security policies. 

U.S. officials have already played down expec- 
tations, saying that it is unrealistic to expect the 
new government to be prepared to cut a deal, 
even in talks that have dragged on since their 
inception exactly one year — and four Japanese 
prune ministers — ago. 

The Ministry of International Trade and In- 


asset,” said Yasunori Sane, professor of political 
science at Keio University. “This will allow Mur- 
ayama to survive.” 

Mr. Murayama. who last week became prime 


minister of a bizarre coalition government uxxit- 
, the Socialists with their arch-rivals, the Lib- 


mg 


eral Democrats, has been the first to boast of his 
Jack of qualifications for leading the world’s 
second-biggest economy. 


The son of a fisherman in Kyushu, in southern 
skills in local politics 


Japan, he honed his early 


representing labor interests. He put his -drills to 
good use in the Socialist Party, which until last 
year was the perennial opposition. 

He has little experience as a leader and has 
never served in a cabinet position. 

. He has never taken part in high-powered inter- 
national conferences, or learned to speak a sec- 
ond language. 

He has traveled abroad only five tunes , always 
as a member of a group. 

Japanese bureaucrats have subjected Mr. 
Murayama to extended cram sessions to prepare 
for the Naples meeting, but since debate could 
flow in unexpected directions, a few basic princt- 

S eponedly have been hammered home: 
your head down and say as little as 
le. 

Insofar as the summit meeting is more talk 
than a tough negotiation, Mr. Murayama is very 
likely to escape unscathed. 

He will tell his G-7 counterparts that Japan 
intends to spur growth in its economy by extend- 
ing the 6.0 trillion yen tax cut imposed this year 
for at least another year. 

The United States and European countries 
have been pressing Japan to make the cuts per- 
manent, but a final agreement to do so has been 


delayed by the Ministry of Finance, which wants 
an agreement to -raise consumption taxes later to 
payfor than. • • 

The most Japan can pledge at the talks; the 
deputy chief cabinet secretary; Hiroyuki Sonoda, 
said Tuesday, was anrffort to uy to complete by 
the end of the year a comprehensive tax reform 
package outlining a way to finan ce income tax 
cuts with an eventual increase in consumption 
taxes. 


SeoidMi^EaseltsBanonNorih 

was not dearable'’ at fins communism in the 


Mr. Murayama also wffl. promise an increase 
In public works spending, a gain without offering 
specific figures. m - 

H is major hurdle wiD come on Friday, hours 
before the sessions begin, when he meets Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton. The session will be the first 
between Japanese and_U.S. leaders since /the 
framework trade negotiations, designed to ex- 
pand American . access to Japanese ma&ets, 
broke down last February. 

Both countries had hoped to reach agreriHear 
on at least one of the framework's three priority 
areas: government procurement, insurance ana 
autos and auto parts. This now seems 
unobtainable. . 

Stffl, with Me. Clinton wary of a standoff thar 
could further weaken the dollar, analysis say he 
is likely to be accommodating! 


& w m policy of spading » the 

Ha* 

ado, is liable to a stiff jafl sentence for anti-state activities. 


* 


M MX uwiv SW W WW-- J ■ 

Northern Yemen Claims Aden Gain 

TUeSfty, an advance thatwoold pomt to imminent victory against 
^ secessionist south. . j Tropic in Aden 


Australia 
Calls Off 


Hanoi Visit 


Over Rights 


The Associated Press 

HANOI — Vietnam ex- 
pressed regret Tuesday that an 
Australian delegation has 
called off a planned visit, but at 
the same time defended a deci- 
sion to block discussion of its 
human rights record. 

A delegation led by Austra- 
lian lawmakers and accompa- 
nied by members of the Viet- 
namese community in Australia 
was ready to go to Vie tnam on 
Thursday. Human rights con- 
cerns were high on the agenda. 

The trip was canceled after 
Vietnam refused to issue a visa 
to one member who said public- 
ly that an inquiry into human 
rights was the group's main 
goal 

“That announcement goes 
en tir ely against the agreement 
between Vietnam and Austra- 
lia, displaying a lack of respect 
for the national sovereignty of 
Vietnam «nrf ranging indigna- 
tion in Vietnamese i “ 
ion,” the Foreign Affairs 1 
try said in a statement. 

The comnnmiqu6 said that 
the Australian who made the 
comment, Quang Luu, was re- 
peating “wrong statements" 
that some Australian officials 
had made previously and that 
Vietnam had criticized at the 
time. 

Vietnam made clear to Aus- 
tralia that the delegation must 
make “a normal friendship vis- 
it” if it wanted to come, the 
ministry statement added. 
“Sadly, it does appear that 



A|m Ftaauc-Prave 


BENT OUT OF SHAPE — A 13-year-old girl performing contortions for spare 
change in a park in Guangzhou, the capital of southern China's Guangdong Province. 
The boomtowns of southern and eastern China attract many wbo aim to make money. 


^ sets 

fear the city is on the 

problems. The center of the port has become crowded as people 
of most of 

tW hmice out Mav 4 after issues that bad been left unr esolved in 
the 1990 unify ra tion of the two Yemeas grew mto a seemingly 
- irreconcilable fend between leaders. 


Cai 




1 1 1 mil 


ian Disowns 


2 in Coup Attempt 


China Executes 2 in Graft Fight 


the time is not yet right in Viet- 
' rf dial 


nam for the kind of dialogue we 
had in mind," the Australian 
foreign minister, Gareth Evans, 
said Monday. Hanoi had also 
canceled planned visits to a 
prison and an ethnic minority 
area, prompting Mr. Evans to 
call off the trip Monday night. 

Vietnam has consistently re- 
jected any move by internation- 
al groups to investigate human 
rights, but it consented to the 
idea of a consultative mission 
from Australia. 

The planned trip was first 
discussed when Prime Minister 
Yo Van Kiel went to Australia 
in 1993 and invited ethnic Viet- 
namese to revisit their home- 
land. 


Beijing’s Drive Targets Corrupt Officials 


CampBed by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

BELTING — China, trying to 
root out corruption that has 
sprung up along with economic 
reforms, executed two former 
officials and jailed two others 
for stiff terms, the official Peo- 
ple's Daily reported Tuesday. 


The dispute came as a blow 
to Australia's 


i’s normally warm 
relations with Vietnam, a for- 
mer foe. During the Vietnam 
War, 47,000 Australian troops 
fought against the Communist 
forces, and 304 of them died. 

Reforging ties with Vietnam 
has been a cornerstone of the 
Canberra government's cam- 
paign to integrate Australia 
into the Asian economies. 


Guo Ziwen, 52, was sen- 
tenced to death for talcing 
468,000 yuan ($54,000) in 
bribes and obtaining 1.09 mil- 
lion yuan through selling for- 
eign currency quotas illegally, 
the newspaper said. 

Mr. Guo, who was executed 
Monday, was former general 
manager of China Coal Sales St 
Transportation Co., an enter- 


prise run by the central govern- 
ment 

Hu Cong, 38. who also was 
executed Monday, had been 
charged with takin g bribes of 
137 million yuan to extend 
state loans to unqualified bor- 
rowers illegally. 

He was a former mid-ranking 
official of the government- 
owned China Rural Develop- 
ment Trust & Investment Co. 

The Supreme Court also an- 
nounced prison terms of 6 and 
12 years for two officials of gov- 
ernment departments accused 
of taking bribes. 

The government, citing con- 
cerns about social stability, has 
sought to strengthen its anti- 


corruption drive, giving promi- 
nent coverage to cases involving 
senior officials in an effort to 
deflect criticism that only low- 
ranking officials are being tar- 
geted. 


More than 15,000 party and 
government officials were disci- 
plined for corruption in the first 
quarter of 1994, according to 
official reports. 

However, numerous anti-cor- 
ruption campaigns in the past 
have failed to have any lasting 
impact, and the government has 
acknowledged that corruption 
is now worse than at any time 
since the Communists came to 
power in 1949. ( Reuters, AFP) 


Ratters 

PHNOM PENH — Second 
Prime Minister Hun Sea of 
Cambodia said Tuesday he was 
disowning the two members of 
his political party , wbo orga- 
nized an unsuccessful coup at- 
tempt, branding >h«*i traitors 
who had been acting alone. 

Mr. Hun Sea denied his po- 
litical party was involved in the 
coup. 

Prince Norodom Chakkra- 
pong, a former deputy prime 
minister and a son of King Nor- 
odom Sihanouk, was deported 
to Malaysia on Sunday after 
government forces arrested 
General Sin Song, a forma in- 
terior minister, on charges of 
plotting the uprising. 

Both men were members of 
Mr. Hun Sen's Cambodian Peo- 
ples Party, or CPP, the No. 2 
party in the ruling coalition. 

“It’s not a CPP plot,” the 
party leader said. “It was a plot 
by CPP traitors. So please don’t 
suspect any connection with the 
CPP in this coup." 

The government said 300 sol- 
diers backed by 12 armored vo 
hides supporting General Sin 
Sang had been disarmed at Dey 
Eth, 30 kilometers (20 miles) 
southeast of Phnom Penh. 

According to (me senior gov- 
eminent official. Prince Qiakk- 
rapong had become increasing- 
ly disiHurioned with tfcfilcvelpf 
support tie had ‘bon -recemng 
from the Cambodian People's 
Party. 

A government spokesman, 
Sieng Laprcsse, said 28 weap- 
ons and 21 mobile radios had 
been seized in houses belonging 
to Sin Song and Chakkrapong. - 
He said the plotters aimed to 
create “public disorder" and 
“destroy national institutions.” 

Fourteen Thai nationals 
found sheltering in a hotel 
owned by Prince Chakkrapong 
were bang questioned about 
the possibility of their involve- 
ment in the coup attempt. First 
Prime Minister Norodom Ran- 
ariddh said earlier. 

“It’s very natural and logical 


that we detain those Thais but 
we wiD not detain them if there 
isn’t any charge,” Prince Ranar- 
iddh said. 

The former Cambodian Peo- 
ple's Party ministers taLan un- 
successful secession movement 
in 1993 after United. Nations- 
organized elections won by the 
Ranariddh royalists. -■ 

*T would like to say’the inci- 
dent on Saturday was not a se- 
cessionist. movement, but an! 
unsuccessful coup," Mr. Hun 
Sen said. 

Diplomats agreed that it ap- 
peared to have been a bungled 
attemp t by Prince Chakkra- 
pong and General Sin Song to 
force concessions out of ..the 
government. 

jlomats said evidence sug- 
the number of soldiers 
allegedly su p portin g the two 
men was considerably fewer 
than the 250 to 300 originally 
reported by the government. - 

Also Tuesday, Prince Noro- 
dom Ranariddh reaffirmed hria 
c ommitment to human rights 
provisions in a draft law that 
would outlaw the Khmer Rouge 
guerrilla faction. 

“The law cannot be used 
against the common people on 
the one hand, and on the other 
hand I think we should do 
something in order to keep the 
doqropexwF be sajdi"-;. -r. *•. -• 

Asked 

the inclusion of human rights 
safeguards. Prince Ranariddh 
said, “Absolutely — rye told 
them. Pd like to tell you, those 
people who oppose the law are 
not sincere — they have to ac- 
knowledge that we need socha 
law”. 

The second deputy president 
of the National Assembly, Son 
Soubert, said he eaqpected the 
biD would be passed within one 
or two days. 

The Ml's most outspoken 
critic, Finance Minister Sam 
Rainsi, said he was now pre- 
pared to endorse thejegiriation 
if human rights safeguards were 
included. 


Hong KojogBars Deleting History 

. . HONG KONG (AP) — The Hong Kong S”? 1111 * 111 
history textbooks, can include accounts of the 1989 massacre m 
Beijing of pro-democracy demonstrators, ending .a dispute over 
suggestions f<» a 20-year wait before the events go into the bocks. 
■■ r v™w’ Wong, director of education, said Monday night that 
ins department did not have the. power to delete material in 

history 'textbook^ _ 

The Education- Department suggested to two publishers last 
month that they remove a-refereace to China’s 1989 attack on 
Hfr«TMTngiT «trHx from two history school books. The move pro- 


UUMi ivu T . 4 ~ * , 

. vrj ffri . Bn ang ry reaction, from thcpiess and some lawmakers, who 
f^ w wrnnien t nf tryin g tn placate China, which regains 
sovereignty war Hong Kong in 1 997- 


GreeksProtest as Neofascists Dock 


: #• 


PIRAEUS, Greece (AP) — About 200 leftist demonstrators 
scuffled briefly with the police in the port of Piraeus on Tuesday 
in ah effort 1 to prevent a visit by members of Ital/s neofasast 
National Alliance. . : . - 

About 700 passengers on the AchUle Lauro, on a fund-raising 
cruise for the partymsembarked and left safely through another 
enhance; They later visited the ancient temples of the Acropolis in 
Athens. The demonstrators shouted anti-fascist slogans cut did 
not break through the patice cordon. The Italian rightists are on a 
12-day cruise j-m-Jmlrng visits to the Italian port of Genoa, Egypt, 




Cyprus aqd Greece. 
Gianfranco 


Jnni, the National Alliance’s leader, rgeett the 

tahrf “neofasdstT and calls Us party “postfascist.” Since joining 
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's conservative governing coali- 
tion be has repeatedly pledged allegiance to parliamentary democ- 
racy. ’ . . ....... 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Air TravelersFace Strikes in Italy 


ROME (AP) — A rash of strikes tins week and next could 
complicate air-travel in Italy just as the vacation' season racks up 
and the Group of Seven meeting gets under tray in Naples. 

Air traffic controllers have scheduled a nationwide strike from ■ 
7 AM. to 3 PM. on Friday.- the day the summit meeting opens, w 
Controllers jwH. strike Thnrsdty at M3a^s Linate airport from 7 

qiday in * 


Thrthree mam labor federations have at$o caned for a general 
strikeogainst Alitalia on Monday. ..... 

A track fire dosed the St, Gottbard road tunnel, a nugor link 
between Italy and die rest of Europe, on Tuesday. It is expected to 
reopen Saturday. ' (Reuters) 

The British rafl ration ai mramced one-day strikes on July 13 and 
July 20 to add to one already planned this week, and threatened 
two days of stoppages a week if no agreement was reached by late 
July. ... (AFP) 

AB Slpassengeratraveting from Bsty to Greece on the feny 
Raffadlo were evacuated safely to another ship Tucsday after a 
track caught fire in the hold. The 58 members of the crew 
remained aboard and brought the fire under control. (AP) 
The National Pad Service wants to Cham efimbers $200 to 
ascend the highest peak in the United ^ States, Mount McKinley in 
Alaska. Even casual viators to die park would have to pay up to 
$30 for bus rides that have been fra: until now. “Climbers are an 
expensive lot,” said an official. . (Reuters) 


*1 am 




Driver Saw a Black Enter Simpson Home 


Indonesian Press Protests Publication Ban 


UNIVERSITY DEGREE 

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(31® 471-0306 ext 23 
Fax: (31® 471-6456 



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FREE EVALUATION 


| Pacific Western 

600 N. SapuKnda BM. Dapt 23 
LosArvelM,GA90CM 


Agenex France-Presse 

JAKARTA — About 150 
journalists in Indonesia re- 
sumed protests on behalf of 
three banned news publications 
Tuesday, less than a week after 
security officials vowed to 
quell any new demonstrations. 


Journalists from several or- 
ganizations chanted, read po- 
ems and waved banners in front 
of Jakarta’s press council office, 

urging the government to lift 
the ban. 

Dozens of policemen in anti- 


ask the butier... 





S-l-N .C-A-P-Q*R •£ 


twin cv vorttvig -^v-cxi 


riot gear stood by near the 
building’s gate but the stuation' 
remained peaceful, despite a 
warning last month from the 
Jakarta police chief, who prom- 
ised a crackdown on further 
protests. 

Last month, the government 
revoked licenses to publish 
from three popular weeklies — 
Tempo, Editor and DeTIK — 
which bad criticized a minister 
dose to President Suharto. 


Journalists said Tuesday that 
any measures taken against 
news organizations should be 
done through legal proceedings. 


The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — The Kmouane driv- 
er who took OJ. Simpson to the airport the 
night his fanner wife and her friend were 
slam testified Tuesday that be did not find 
the former football star at home at first but 
saw a blade person hurrying in the door a 
few minutes oef ore 1 1 PM. 

Another prosecution witness smd he was 
with Mr. Simpson at his home at 9:45 PAL 
but did not see him again until he was 
about to get in the limousine. He also 
spoke of being frightened by a thumping 
sound outside his guest house about 10:40 
PM. Neither witness saw Mr. Simpson 
acting out of the ordinary. 

The times are i m p o r tant because one of 
Mr. Simpson’s attorneys has said he was 
told the slayings happened about 11 PM. 
cm June 12, and Mr. Simpson was at home 
writing for his ride to the airport for a 
flight to Chicago at that time. But some 
testimony has suggested Nicole Brown 
Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman 
were killed between 10 and 1 1 PM. 

Mrs. Simpson, 35, and Mr. Goldman, 
25, were ItiEted in front of Mrs. Simpson’s 
condominium about two miles from her 
former husband’s home. Mr. Simpson has 
pleaded not guilty to murder. The purpose 


of the 
if he 


hearing is to determine 
stand triaL 


In his testimony, the driver, Allan Park, 
said no one answered at Mr. Simpson's 
home when he rang the bell at a gate 10:40 
to 10:50 PJML He was supposed to pick up 
Mr. Simpson at 10:45 PM- for aride to the 
airport • V- - . . . . - 

Shortly before 1 1 PM, he saw,a 6-foot 
200-pound (183-centimeter, 90- kilogram) 
black person go into the house, Mr. Park 
• said, and then a voice sounding like Mr. 
Simpson's came on the intercom, and “He 
told me be overslept, that he just got out of 
the shower and Wd be down in a urinate." 

Asked about Mr. Sixqpson’s demeanor 
when he finally riurie down, Mr. Park said. 
“I never met him before, and everything 
seemedGJK. to me.” He said, he saw no 
sign of injury to Mr. Simpson. 

Abo testifying Thursday was Brian 
Karim , a friend of Mr. Simpson and of 
Mrs. Simpson, who was staying in one of 
Mn Simpson's guest apartments. 

He said he and Mr. Simpson chatted a 
few. times the day of the killings. He re- 
called Mr. Simpson saying that he riid his 
former wife “were not together anymore.” 
He said he and Mr. Simpson went out for 


hamburgers in the evening, returning 
around 9:45 PM. 

Mr. Karim, said he was back in his room - 
after that and around 10:40 PM he heard 
three thumps outside Ins bedroom, and 
t ho ugh t it was an earthquake of a prowler. . 
He raid the thumps were so strong they 
koockril a picture on his wail crooked. 

- He arid he went outside and looked 
around^ but it was dark, he was frightened fa 
and he did not have a gbod flashlighL Mr. ■ 
Karim, said he admitted the limousine 
through the gate, then a short time later 
saw Mr. Simpson with the driver, getting 
ready to leave. Mr, Karim testified that * 
Mr. Simpson agreed to hdp him lock for., 
the prbwfcx, but then Mr. Simpson realized' 
how late it was arid left for the airport for 
his 11:45, PM. flight. 




I 

• ‘v * , 

V 


In his testimony, Mr. Park told the pros- 
ecutor, Marcia dark, that he did not re- 


meriiber seeing Mr. Simpson's white Ford . 
Bronco outride the house when he came by 
one of the compound's two gates/ ' 
He said until the black person arrived at 
the house, he saw only onerUpstairs light.!, 
on, no <me answered the i nte r m m and no - 
one answered a call -he made from- a car : 
telephone into the home. 


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IM TCBM ATOTNAT. HERALD TRIBUNE, -WE D NESDAY, JULY 6, 1994 


Page 3 



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AMERICAN 


TOPICS 


Tolerance Rum Oat 


When the Anti-Defama- 
tion League, & national Jew- 
ish organization, heard abbot 
the formation of the Catholic 
Anti-DeEaznatkm League in 
SL PauI i; Mmnesota > Jt in- 
formed' the new organization 
that the name was- already 
taken. 

Others who tried to use k 
were ordered by the courts to 
find different names, the 
Anti-Defamation League 
warned. 

“It was dear that the group 
had legafiy protected its 
name,” said Rosemary Kas- 
sekert, head of the Qubotic 
organization’s legal task 
force. Last month, the 
group’s board- voted to 
change its name to the Catho- 
lic Defense League. 

“The rationale was that, 
since both or ganiza ti ons , are 

ryanriaTly ■ m rhff s ame h n». 

ness — protecting > religion 
rights and freedoms - it 
would be best to ‘switch, not 
fighC " she added. “We need 
to be friendly organize: dons 
cooperating wherever posa- 
ble. 6 .... 

Short Takes 

The French often Identify 
wines by tbe names of regions, 
appellations and estates: Bor- 
deaux, PaniHac, Mouton- 
Rothschild. In the United 
States, varietal wines — iden- 
tified fay the grape they are 
made from — are the rule* 
chardonnay, cabernet saovig- 
non, ?. in f an del. The wiue 
writer and importer Frank 
Scbo ommaker is said to have 
been thefixst to promote vari- 
etal wamga in Cafifonrift in 
the 1930s. He wanted Ameri- 
can wine makers to g*a» 
from anonymous blent 
called burgundy or claret or 
chianti. Now, Frank J. Prial 
reports in --The New- Yarik 
Tunes, many French wine 
makers are strengthening 
their UA sales fay using van. 
ietals, or yens de ctyage. Alsa- 
tian wines have always been 
known by grap etype , like 
riading and gcwflrtZtranttPtff. 


• > 




A N 



Clintons’ Health Care Quandary: Fudge or Fight? 


By Michael Wines 

Nev York Hats Serin 

WASHINGTON — HiDaxy jRodham 
Qinionfaces a dilemma, and it can be 
summed up in a barb die owe tossed at 
health-care lobbyists hi a private bar- 
gaining session in Washington. 

“We were trying to work om varying 
ways of dealing with some of the amer- 
eoces” over national health insurance, 
recalled Pam Bailey, who heads a coali- 
tion of hospitals and medical compa- 
nies, “and suddenly she said to us. Bill 
and I did not come to Washington to 
fudge the issue.’ ” 

That was in January. Now, in July, 
many experts say a national health in- 
surance plan wifi pass Congress only if 
President Bill Gmlon and his wife fudge 
die issue, relaxing their botto m-line de- 
mand that the insurance cover everyone 
and c mf rin g the passage of a less ambi- 
tious plan as a victory for society. 

If the CEntons hold firm, they will be 
iiring a high-stakes political gamble 
that tney ccmld easily lose. It is a contest 
of politics and principle, and it is the 
mark of Mrs. Canton that principle re- 


mains a contender, at least in the minds 
of people who know her welL 

It is also why some suggest that Mrs. 
Clinton is less suited for the double- 
jointed bargaining probably needed if 
an insurance plan is to become law, 

“Her biggest attributes are also her 
biggest weaknesses,” said a Democratic 
senator at the center of the debate. “I 
thmV she's a person with very firm con- 
victions. I think her husband is much 
more willing to say, Tve got to compro- 
mise; I’ve got to get things done.’ ” 

Of course, this is the stereotype of the 
Clintons: lbs inflexible, ideological and 
rather lawycrly first lady as spine-stiff- 
ener for a malleable, anxious- to-please 
president 

Some White House officials say that 
portrait is a half-truth and Mrs. Clin- 
ton's poker face is just the mask of an 
extremely tough negotiator. 

In the White House, aides say. she is 
the senior adviser and strategist on 
health care, meeting every few days with 
the president and perhaps a dozen poli- 
cv and political advisers to map 


the legislative and pubtic-rdaiions cam- 
paigns 

“She’s a pragmatist" said an official 
who has worked on the plan, speaking 
on the condition of anonymity. "She 
won’t send health care down the tubes 
— no doubt about it For one thing, she 
doesn’t want to blow her husband s 
presidency after two years in office. And 
face it, that’s what this is." 

Mrs. Clinton will not tip her hand one 
way or the other. In the midst of a 
speaking campaign for the administra- 
tion health plan, she declined last week 
to be interviewed. With national health 
insurance on the brink of epochal legis- 
lative victory, or maybe ruinous defeat, 
she seems unflinching. 

That stance is most notable on the 
major sticking point in tbe negotiations: 
the repeated wanting that Mr. Clinton 
will veto legislation that does not guar- 
antee insurance to alL 

The notion of guaranteed insurance is 
popular, in part because it would spread 
insurance costs over the entire popula- 
tion and amplify accounting. But its 
political prospects seem dim to some 


because the small-business lobby, most 
Republicans and some Democrats op- 
pose the only realistic ways to get there: 
raising taxes, or forcing people to buy 
insurance. 

In a White House meeting on June 19, 
both Mrs. Clinton and the president 
sharply rejected advice by some political 
and economic advisers that the time for 
bargaining was r unnin g out and that the 
odds against passing legislation would 
rise unless some movement was made 
toward an accord with opponents on 
universal coverage. 

Mrs. Clinton went into private meet- 
ings to grve fist-shaking speeches to sup- 
porters in unions, consumer groups and 
retired people’s organizations, warning 
that universal health coverage was in 
grave danger. That helped stall an at- 
tempt in the Senate Finance Committee 
to back away from guaranteed insur- 
ance. 

Tbe senators said nothing publicly, 
but some were privately furious. 

“We would nave been in the reality 
zone a long time ago," said one senior 
aide, had it not been for what he called 
Mrs. Clinton's “health-care cult.” 


A Murder Shows the Crushing Cost of U.S, Crime 


Mad: IxsadtmrnK Ataodued Tn» 

HOT DOGG£R --rAfike Devito earing 20 hot does in- 
12mimitestofrinac<HriestatO>DeyI^iid,NewV(Hk. 


Now, varietal names are 
. sweeping thesouthof France. 

Education officials In 
Msfytand want teachers to 
get five yean of college in- 
. stead of four, ft standard that 
California; ]nai .adopted and 
severer other states are con- 
sidering! Education majors 
would get - a Ebepil arts dp? 
gree, . mth plenty of mathe- 
matics arid science, and only 
take education courses in a 
fifth year. Opponents of the 
idea say this would simply 
drive would-be teachers to 
: other states. Virginia, taking 
a middle course, requires pro- 
-speotive teachers to major m 
ibe subjects they want to 
teat* and, in effect, to ntinw 
m education. 

- Air cfantitiooing has indeed 
made life more livable. But, 


writes Henry F. Grimm Jr. in 
a tetter to the editor of The 
Washington Post, “It has 
made ns a nation of strangers. 
Before air conditioning, in 
tl|e early evening, families 
used to escape the indoor 
hea t by gathering on the front 
parch (remember the swing 
and the pitcha - of lemonade?) 

or by strolling along tree- 
lined streets. Neighborly 
greetings would lead to 
chats." Sit with the advent of 
air conditioning, “people re- 
treated indoors to enjoy it. 
The front porch was 1 
used Developers cut con- 
struction expenses by not 
building porches. And now, 
comfortable indoors in front 
of the TV, we scarcely know 
our neighbors.” 

International Herald Tribune. 


By Pierre Thomas 

Washington Paa Service 

WASHINGTON —The meter began 
running the moment the call came in to 
■ prAie* headquarters: James Hunter, 18, 
was lying on the pavement in a pool of 
Wood with multiple gunshot wounds. 

Paired officers raced to the scene, fol- 
lowed by detectives, forensics officers 
and a supervisor. Thor estimated cost 
for the night: 54,626. 

Emergency vehicles rushed Mr. Hunt- 
er to a Washington hospital, adding an- 
other SI, 310, where he was pronounced 

dead an arrival. His autopsy cost $1,046. 

By the time the medical examiner 
completed his work, 12 hours after the 
eh/vtfing , Mr. Hunter’s killer had cost 



The toll continues to rise as police 
search for his killer. If they apprehend a 

suspect, there will bejail costs, trial costs 

ana, if there is a conviction, it win cost 
about 522,000 a year to house his mur- 
derer at a prison. 

Dollars alone cannot measure the cost 
of the murder of a young man. But atthe 
same time, Mr. Hunter’s death illus- 


trates the agamic financial burden that 
crime is placing on the United Stares in 
the 1990s. 

Parh year, the country is spending or 
losing in excess of S163 billion as a conse- 
quence of crime, according to the Justice 
Department, the insurance industry and 
academic researchers. This is nearly two- 
thirds of what the United States spends 
on defense and more than five times as 
much as the federal government spends 
on education. 

Crime costs include more than S31.8 
trillion at the state and federal level for 
police; $24.9 billion for corrections; 
$36.9 billion in retail losses; S20 billion 
in insurance fraud and S17 billion for 
individual property losses and medical 
Bqy-nws. Another SIS billion is spent 
on private security, 59.3 billion on court 
costs and S72 on prosecution and pub- 
lic defense. 

Crime also is costing Americans more 
through higher prices as companies and 
individuals seek to make up losses from 
theft and other unlawful acts. 

Consider. 

• Violence increased the country’s 
health care costs to SI33 billion in 1992. 
White House officials say. About 85 


percent of hospital costs for shooting 
and stabbing victims is not covered by 
insurance and is eventually passed on to 
paying consumers. 

• Insurance fraud and motor vehicle 
theft costs $28 billion, according to the 
National Insurance Crime Bureau. At 
feast 10 cents of every premium dollar 
gpes to cover fraud and crime. 

• Shoplifting, internal pilferage and 
other losses cost retailers about S36.9 
billion each year, retail analysts say. 
Tha? r aises the cost of each item by 2 
percent to 4 percent as retailers try to 
cover such losses. 

• As of 1990, there were 1.65 million 
people employed in the U.S. criminal 
justice system and 900,000 working as 
security guards, according to Justice De- 
partment statistics. 

Crime costs money indirectly as well. 
Is Washington, for example, a recent 
rwiais Bureau report revealed that the 
city s population fell by more than 
29,000 people in the last three years. 
Crime, according to some dvic leaders, 
was one of the principal reasons for the 
loss, which contributed to the erosion of 
the dty tax base. 

Similar scenarios are unfolding 


throughout the country, and concern 
about crime forces Americans to change 
thdr lifestyle and demand that some- 
thing be done to make thdr lives safer, 
despite some statistics showing general 
decreases in certain categories of crime. 

As a result of the fear, security and 
corrections have emerged as leading 
growth industries. 

“The oerceotion of threat is at an all 


time high,” said John Galante. executive 
director of the Security Industry Associ- 
ation. "Even though property crime is 
down, some categories of violent crime 
are up and there is a change in the nature 
of violence. It seems more random, as if 
it can happen to any of us." 

There are 15 million active accounts 
for monitoring systems or alarm systems 
for residences and business, producing 
$2.15 billion in revenue for companies 
providing such services, according to a 
recent security market overview by Mr. 
Gal ante's association. 

James Hunter’s father, James, 48. said 
he thought the only thing that would 
resolve the crime problem was prayer. 

“It just seems like there is no love out 
here anymore," said the man who re- 
cently buried bis only son. 

Cost of the funeral: $7,000. 


:: -V 






.... 


Haitians Rescued at Sea 



* 


-on H<$ 


Clinton's ‘Janitor’ 8w—p» Up >■' 

WASHINGTON — In March 19 92, a t ew 
days after the first news account appea red 
Bffl and HUlaxy Clinton’s Ozark real estate 
investment, James .B. Blair set out bury 
Whitewater as a campaign issue.; - 
When he was: done, James B. McDqugal, 
Mr. Cbnton's VohiWe partner in the venture, 
had dropped from sight ^ and stopped g hrog 
interviews or documents 
remaining Clinton debt m 
paid off, aid the affair was related to ob- 
SSty tor the balance of the 1992 campaign. 
After Mr. Clinton was 
Bbir bdped tbe Omtons sdl then: share 
in the Whitewater 

when Vincent W. Foster Jr., tltodep^ White 
House counsel who committed smaae in juiy 

dr proddug a Little Rode accounting finn to 
C °S£!i§air, Jb^general counsel for Tyson 

~ •* »— I.. ■ ■■■rt nnnttfv mirmanv* 


Mrs. CBnson to nearly $100,000 in profits 
fromirafihg in commodity ftitures; 

. Mr. Blair modestly descnbes ^lus 
Whitewater work as janitorial services. V 
. Therctotianship between Jim Blair andMr. 
Clinton stretches across two derates, begm- 
ping in the early 1970s when Mr. Omton was 
ayoung law professor al the University of 
Arkansas and Mr. Blair was teaching a course 
ih contract lawi , ■ 

Bill Bowen, Mr. Clinton’s test chief of staff 
white governor of Arkansas, said that Mr. 
Blair and Ms wife, Diane, ft .professor of 
political science at the University of Arkan- 
sas, would have been consulted “on. every 
major confrontation" since Mr. Qinton bc- 
cSeapublicfigure. “It is dear both fromthe 
record and thdr friendship,” he said. (NYT) 


Qurti/Unqiiotft 


an influen ti al, if largely 
ig board,- con fid ant, 

, He anchored die 

~ - iiyd A 10*70 oiridms 


had 

unseen, role as 
fund-raiser and 


Jeff Brown, a public defender in San Fran- 
dsco, describing Ms reaction when, while be- 
ing interviewed in the studio of a television 
station, about the OJ. Simpson case, he 
danced up al monitor showing a nval 
station’s program and saw a colleague, Peter 

Keane: „ 

“For crying cot loud, there was Peter, we 
were competing against each other tar rat- 
ings!” 



GompUedbf Our Sufi Fnm Dispatches 

WASHINGTON.— The 
Clinton administration said 
Tuesday that Haitians who Bee 
thdr country by boat and are 
picked up at sea by UjS. ships 
will not be allowed into the 
United States even if they are 
found to be legitimate political 
refugees. 

William H. Gray 3d,. Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton's special ad- 
viser for Haiti,, said that the 
Haitians would instead be sent 
to “safe havens” to be estab- 
lished in a number of Caribbe- 
an nations. 

Mr. Gray said that the Unit- 
ed States had readied an agree- 
ment with Panama to accept 
10,000 refugees and had also 
reached preliminary accords 


8 Corsica Homes Destroyed 

Agaur Fnaxe-Pmse 

AJACCIO, France — A se- 
ries of explosions overnight de- 
stroyed eight homes in the 
south of Corsica, a French is- 
land in the Mediterranean. 


with Dominica and Antigua to 
establish other safe havens. 

“Those boat people who are 
in need of protection will be 
riven the opportunity to obtain 
u in safe-haven camps," Mr. 
Gray said. 

“Those who take to the boats 
will not have resettlement pos- 
sibilities in the United States.” 

He said Haitians who apply 
at U.S. offices inside Haiti 

would be allowed to come to the 

United States if granted refugee 
status based on a validated fear 
of persecution. 

Tbe administration also said. 
that h was sending a four- ship 
amphibious assault group to 
Haiti. The Pentagon raid the 
ships, with 2,000 Marines on 
board, would stand ready to 
evacuate Ufi. citizens from the 
island should the need arise. 

Mr. Gray made the an- 
nouncement after about 100 
Haitians died when their vessel 
capsized. 

Asked about the possibility 
of an invasion of Haiti by U.S. 
military forces, Mr. Gray said, 
“There is no mflitaiy invasion 
immin ent." {A FP, A P , Reuters) 


Away From Politics 


• About 200 women have joined a class-action 
lawsuit against the .maker _of the Norplant 
contraceptive implant, Wyeth-Ayexsi Lab- 
oratories, claiming they suffered permanent 
injury during removal. 

• A prison inmate tried to cut Jeffrey 
Dahmer’s throat during a chapel service, but 
the serial killer ended up with only a minor 
scratch on his neck. The razor blade on the 
inmate’s homemade knife fell off before it 
could hurt Mr. Dahmer. who is serving 16 
consecutive life sentences in Wisconsin for 
killing 17 young .men and boys and eating 
parts of their bodies. 

• Fireworks being launched from a pier in 
Pompano Beach, Florida, exploded prema- 
turely, killing one person and injuring three 


others, two critically, officials said. And in 
Gloucester City, New Jersey, a fireworks shell 
veered into a crowd gathered on a Little 
League fidd, injuring about 30 spectators, 
officials said. 

• TbeU.S. Senate has agreed to turn over a 
surplus helicopter earner, the Guadalcanal, 
to a New York City museum, which intends 
to use it as a heliport. 

• A judge upheld the firing of a Calvin Klein 
fragrance demonstrator dismissed because 
her bosses believed her body odor made her a 
poor perfume saleswoman. Sharon Bagnall, 
52, was fired by Calvin Klein Canada in 1991 
for what the company termed a “serious per- 
sonal hygjene problem" and for allegedly 
disruptive behavior at odds with the cosmetic 
giant's image. 


AP. SYT 


Ann McGarry Buchwald Dies 


Sew York Times Service 

Ann McGarry Buchwald, 74. 
a writer, former literary agent 
and wife of the humor colum- 
nist Art Buchwald, died of lung 
H H ic gr on Sunday at her borne 
in Washington. 

In the 1970s Mrs. Buchwald 
was a Washington partner of 
Irving Lazar, one of the lop 
literary and talent agents in 
Hollywood. 

But in 1974. after Mr. Lazar 
agreed to try to sdl the memoirs 


of former President Richard 
Nixon, Mrs. Buchwald ended 
the partneisMp, citing a conflict 
of principle because her hus- 
band had written many satirical 
columns abouL Mr. Nixon and 
the Watergate scandal. 

Zehna Watson George, 90, a 

sociologist, musicologist and 

performer who in 1950 became 
the first black woman to take a 
while role on Broadway, died of 
heart failure Sunday at Univer- 
sity Hospitals in Cleveland. 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JULY 6, 1994 


Old Foes Join to Fight Crime 

FBI and Russian Security Police Sign a Pact 


By Steven Erlanger 

New Yak limes Service 

MOSCOW — The director of the FBI, Louis J. 
Freeh, left Moscow on Tuesday after signing a 
protocol of intentions to cooperate with Russian 
authorities in a fight against Russian-based orga- 
nized crime. 

Mr. Freeh and die Russian interior minister, 
Viktor F. Yerin, said that both countries were at 
risk from a well-funded "mafia,” parts of which 
have increasingly broad international connec- 
tions. 

The prevalence of organized crime in Russia, 
and the evident corruption of many underpaid 
officials and policemen, are widely considered to 
be undermining the faith of Russians in econom- 
ic reform and a free market. 

Opinion polls suggest that Russians regard 
criminals as the major beneficiaries of this period 
of market reform, including the privatization of 
what was once state property. 


leged criminals in each other’s countries and the 
tr aining of R\»«ian officers in the more modem 
techniques of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation. 

Both sides also welcomed the establishment of 
a Legal Attache Office of the FBI in the U.S. 
Embassy, which trill house two FBI agents. 

Although office space has not yet been set 
aside and the first agent to be assigned here will 
first undergo six months of language tr aining , 
liaison with Russian authorities wifi continue, as 
in the past, through visits by Europe-based 


agents. 

The Germans and Finns have similar offices 


here, and the Italians are about to open one. 

In answer to a question, Mr. Freeh said he 
would welcome a similar Interior Ministry office 
in Washington at the Russian Embassy, though 
he said there had been no formal request yet. 

Mr. Freeh, who became FBI director almost a 
year ago, had a much-publicized series of meet- 


Mjt. Yerin ?dmi tted that corruption is a major ings over two days with the chiefs of (he Russian 
problem, saying: "‘Much remains to be done so domestic security apparatus, including Mir. 


that the pr 


honesty, orderliness of 


Yerin, director of the Federal Counterintelli- 
gence Service (the domestic branch of the old 


every worker of the Interior Mhustiy organs will gence Service (the domestic branch of the old 
meet the standards of the society we arebuilding KGB), the national security adviser, the deputy 


together." 

Mr. Freeh, who was quick to admit that the 
United States has a severe organized-crime prob- 
lem of its own, praised draft anti-corruption 
legislation now before Parliament. 


justice minister and First Deputy Prime Minister 


Oleg N. Soskovets. 

He did not get to see President Boris N. 
Yeltsin, however, despite a request from the U.S. 
Embassy, which went all out for the Freeh 


The protocol signed Tuesday calls for the delegation. 



' V.-r. 

if k i 1 "” 


Walesa lit 


In the Polls 




' By John Pomfrct 

Wtuhtagten PotlSerrice 

. WARSAW —Four years af- 
ter Polish voters elected Lech 
Walesa president amt. hailed 
him as a savior of free Poland, 
they are turning agrinst the 
toxKPS most fainous efcctri- 
aan- 1 turned -statesman, who 
will play host to President Bill 
Clint on das week. 

From the media to the mar- 
ketplace, Poles relish toasting 
ihor president more th an ever 
before- He to the butt ot. an 
endless stream of political 

'^Anx^natioiiwidep 
ity.poJl placed the51 -year-old 
leader 19th among 20 promt- 
ncat pefitkiaos. With less than 
a. year- to go before -Poland's 
next jn^^ntial election. Ins 
a p pro val rating-haven around 


exchange of information amc 
cooperation in investigations. 


forces, Western diplomats say that Mr. Yeltsin has 


turn of al- been seeing very few foreign visitors lately. 


A PROTEST IN LATVIA — Physicians and members of their families demonstrating in Riga oh Tuesday 
salaries. They timed their protest for the eve of the arrival of President BUI Cfinton to attract more 


RWANDA: France Avoids Confronting Rebel Force ROMANIA: Roman Ruins and a Ring’s Statue Fuela Minority Conffct 


Continued from Page 1 


said, "France cannot do every- 
thing by itself in Rwanda.” 

The Patriotic Front long has 
harbored suspicions about 


istrative center some 125 kflo- who charged the French were 
meters further east That area acting as a shield for retreating 


fjnwtfmwd fnm Pay i Today, Mr. Tokes is an ar- 

dent Hungarian nationalist: 
it Fnday m Parliament from a “The probSisnot the excava- 


rcprcsents less than a third of Rwanda government troops. 


government-held territory. Colonel Rosier made it dear V0 J* 1 ®°. confidence. 


Political analysts caution 
at a year equals an era in fast- 
rcm g m g Poland, where politi- . 

& Formes, like. Warsaw's 
■^ gtfng stodc market, cHmb 
idexash in days. Bm, they also 
;ree, Mr. Walesa faces a trou- * ■ 
erf political future. • 

Tte reasons for his slide from ' 
ace reflect the profound am- 
vafcace many Poles feel for 


harbored suspicions about eration Turquoise’s deputy — H 
French intentions because of commander in charge of south- Army 
past French diplomatic, eco- em Rwanda, said in Gficongoro forces 


tion," Mr. Tokes said in an in- Generations of Romanian 


Colonel Jacques Rosier, Op- that all Rwandan combatants , National Unity Party is terview in Budapest last week, peasants in the region chafed CsabaTakacs, 

t- j -ii.-ri. t> led bv a politician from Oin. : . .1 ^ r .1 : mi. .1 


during World Wgr H and then “There are' 80,000 H n rt fa r - gjvalence many Mcs feel for 
turned over to Romania again iansin Otg and theRotnanmns., ibe rcvdlutionary fire parked 
after the war. ■ don’t take our culture and by thdr leader — a fire that 

Generations of Romanian right* into conridcrationv^said throughout En- 


Turquoise’s deputy — Hutu militia, Rwandan By * pofitidan from Chg, “That’s just the tip of 
ler in charge of south- Army and Patriotic Front Goeorghe Funar, who is widely berg. It’s the revival of 

ula ioi/4 in riilrnnanm fnrWK would be excluded Compared hCTC tO Russia S COn- niM n,ti««Kcm " 


nomic and militaiy aid to the 
Hutu-led Rwandan govern- 
ment 

The compromise came less 
than 24 hours after Colonel Di- 
dier Thibaut the French com- 
mander in southern Rwanda, 
said at Gikoogoro, the ad- 
vanced French headquarters, 


at midday Tuesday that "the from the humanitarian zone or 
RPF had accepted the principle disarmed. 


compared here to Russia’s con- 
troversia l nltra nationaHst. Via-' 
fiimtr Y. Zhirinovsky. 


“That’s just the tqi of the ice- 
berg. It’s therevival of Roma- 
nian nationalism " 

For ethnic Hungarians in 
Transylvania, “that statue em* 


ot the Democratic 


pwsuua iu . csw» lames, aw«igiussuu«ii toj * leaamg to toe aisnuegra- 

under Hungarian rule. of the Democratic Affianrejrf ^aTof tfae Communist Woe. 

Until 1959, Hungarians Hungarians in Romania. HFfie * The ambivalence has already 
formed a majority in Ctoj and Hungarians are detenmredaot ^ganfiesied itself at ballot boxes 


of a humanitarian zone” but Analysts suggested that if the* Mr. Funar was elected mayor bodies onr community con- 

. ii «. _____ • . j . _ i_ _ * t j _r • • rr_i - - irw« __ j _ ■ ■ i.r H 


that “modalities remained to be agreement is honored, the of dig in February 1992 and sdousness and our history, 1 


worked out.” French-controlled zone is like ly quickly pursued a a 

“If there is a clear and defini- to serve as a magnet for hun- make the city R 
rive agreement the French dreds of thousands of Hutus cleansing it of many 
Army will be only in the ha- fleeing feared Tutsi reprisals for its Hungarian past 


pursued a campaign to Mr. Tokes said Ref i 
the city Romanian, period of Romania 


their language was 'used in 
schools ana cm public signs. But 
Mr. Ceausescu ordered tens of 
thousands of Romanian pl- 
ants to be moved into tile city. 


to see that statue removed* 


Mr.. Takacs did not 
rectly that the conflict drimef 
lead to some sort of yK&Soce? 


throogbemt Eastern Europe — 
in Hung ary last month and be- 
fore that in Poland in Septem- 
ber- when parties with -roots in 


bat he commented (toy: fybR the CopTmimist past were voted 


bolsof since 1920, he said, “IPs the apartment 




Army will be only in the bu- fleeing feared Tutsi reprisals for its Hungarian past Later that symbol of onr struggle for over the city’s ou 
mamtarian security zone," he the deaths of as many as' half a year, he came in third in Roma- rights in the face of 75 years of Hun garians m 

nntrn iwiilai4«Wn f »l*nf “♦liin mmIKam TVtlfli TiinfivnP rtf ikuTuAv mo’o ■ l ii*lu4/1 »n fj q] 1. .n ■■Tl’n I? ■■ ■ ** — ! +■' 


that any further movement by said acknowledging that "this milHr m Tuta victims of the war. 
the Patriotic Front against the is not what we thought two days Despite the notable drop in 
town would be met by force. ago.” diplomatic tension, some 300 


town would be met by force. 

Under the apparent terms of 
the accord all French troops 
involved in France’s Operation 
Turquoise would be withdrawn 
to a humanitarian security zone 
linking Kibuye and Cyangugu 
on Lake Kivu with this admm- 


nia’s presidential election. humfliatioii.’* ptv >»t to pf^ y n i flnj amt , a 

Mr. Fallal’s most prominent Transylvania, a r^ian of low slightly higher percentage of the 
opponent here is Lastlo Tokes, mountains, forests and farm- 7 mfihon to 8 milli on people in 
the Hungarian Protestant min- land, was ruled by Hungarians Transylvania. 


now constitute 


percent of Chg and a 


Dictating the change of French troops in Gikoogoro, 


mHem a ctnWttWtffW, - WhSe Mr. Walesa is still 

pressure an miiwiinn " abroad as a great revolu- 

t gets Utile 

^ beacfits brou « ht 
byMs revofotton. He does get 


heart, he said were the "disas- reinforced by heavy mortar ister whose defiance of the either as an autonomous region Since Mr. Funar became 


trous number of refugees" and crews and armored cars 


government and Patriotic Front equq 
determination to continue went 
fighting. paces 

Apparently replying to critics down 


red with 90mm cannon, 
hrough their professorial 
preparing for a show- 
wiih the Patriotic Front. 


Communist leader Nicolae or as part of successive Hungar- mayor, he has hdped lead an 
Ceausescu in December 1989 ian kingdoms from 1003. Tran- extreme nationaHst campaign 1 
helped provoke the uprising s>ivania was turned over to Ro- against Hungarian culture by 
that toppled the Ceausescu re- mania after World War I, working to remove tire Hungar- 
gime. recovered by Hungary briefly ian language from public use. 


ticnafists are out to prove their 
view of histoid. The excavation 

of a Romm fonmr here would 

dants, pf fee^-Rrifnan seSricrs^ 


tiiat of the 




burned, however, for the down- 
rider kwt jobs, inflation and, in 
many fdlesi tbe lack 
center. ' 

*' ^*^^W years there will be 
jcoBB^jr md peoplc will lay 


The Death Toll 
Rises to 11 in 
Spanish Fires 


• • • , . v Wafesa said in a recent m- 

•, ' i. » 4 4 -*■ V .v.-v r^, ; ter^ew. “Then FH kkk my ccf- 

ROSNIA • U.S., Russia and EU hstw an lMiiniatum ' 5 ^^ywr !W,e3,w 

s .: - x ^ fit axecent pofl, takm sepa- » 

■ Coo&HKd bum Page 1 . assurances that the United of Kfting the hnns 1 embaigO t^gy 'Fy three organizations 


a gain st m e MiMirew y '? - 


The Associated Press 

BARCELONA —Wild- 
fires continued to bum 
through tens of thousands 
of hectares of eastern and 
southern Spain on Tues- 
day, claiming three more 
lives. 

Tuesday’s deaths lifted 
the toll to 11. 

Valencia officials said 
the fire was the region's 
worst in 50 years, and Agri- 
culture Minister Luis 
Atienza told Spanish Na- 
tional Radio on Tuesday 
that the summer was shap- 
ing up to be Spain’s most 
fire-plagued in the last two 
decades. 

Investigators were still 
trying to determine the 
cause of the fires. 


' 1 *•*'*! : *if; >r. i*' : * : . *'■ •' 

. .. 



w .... ■ .• • 



past ( thatRussmnHgl«gptothe 
sSte’ rescue if ^Wcst began 

funnding arms to the Muslims, pi«nen ^ti?n of the p^e and France foive eroiesscd 
admowlttiged that “in tteS grave alami about Effing the 

treme, it may become inevitable t 


measures fafled. Treaty Organization. France’s Alain Joppi and 

At the same time, Mr. Chris- . Much of Tuesday's i diras- Britain's Douglas 


-J-'j'r -vm. 

- s, ,> f4S ‘V- u ' - ^ ■ 


measures failed. J wAjmiMflutm. . France’s' Alain Jnpp6 mid 

At the same time, Mr. Chris- . Much of Tuesday’s dren- Britmn’s Douglas gihose 
topher hdd out hope that Bos- SI0n ' PF™? 9 * 1 * focused on the countries are the chief contribu- 
nia’s Serbs would accept the more likely eventuahty mat ^the tore of troops to the UNfarces 
nlwn ' Muslims ntidlt accept the deal in tkp. framer Ynsmth tvifl Av 


Ifso, he said that the interna- and not the 


in the foriper Yugodavia, de- 
dared bhmdy TfiurstSy tiurt 


ticmal sanctions that have dam- In that case, the big powere even any crinsderiition of ^Bft- 


W ' results, half 

ffKhkam^ they were 

pressed happiest rtaring the decades of 
lug the Communist Party rule. 

^ impact Only 8 percent chose the pre- 

iWthe- «sit,cven though Poland is the 
he Bal- rmNooraitry in Eastern Europe 
eprist^ with a growing economy. The 
^ i. -V renafodor were roEt between 
ok and the-yrare before Worid War n 
^hose and 1989. 

mtribu- The ambivalence is further il- 

«L forces lostrated in the blasfc attitude 
yja Poles have adopted toward the 
jy ihai lAnted Stales, the symbol of 
thdr dbgmges, and Mr. Clin- 
whrfrt ton’s risk. • 


aged the economy at Serbia, the would probably take interim ing f he arms enAargo wpold . u 

patrem and diief supplier of the measures such as tig htwimg havegrareccmseqnepcrefOTdte'‘ ■ ' 7~^ ttf< ^ p ^7 T t “ 01 }5 ands 


- < " . - . 


> -A : 


Bosnian Serb war effort, would and ex; 
be lifted gradually in relation to against t 
Serb withdrawal to areas desg- theexdu 
nated on the map. theMusli 

Mr. Christopher also offered many cm 


and expanding sanctions fate of UN tinoops on the 
against the Serbs or expanding grouruL Thry indicated tha* (he 
the exdurion zones that protect ^troops would piobably be, 
the Muslims before taking what pulled out of harm’s 'wtiy well ■ 
many ctmsider the ultimate step ahead. 


Children near the village of Cboosu resemng farm animals from wiMfires in Valencia. 


f rise mrned outfor President George 
aj tjie Bush in 1989 during the first of 
y be, tore trips to Poland, but 
crowd control is not expected to 
. . . be a problem for Mr. Clinton. 

In addition to nostaigto for 
£T tiwConninmist past, Mr. Wale- 


SCANDALS: More Arrests Are likely as Anti-Corruption Drive Spreads 


■m a -m-r Isa’s personality, routinely do- 

IRAN: Weak Economy Thwarts Drhx for Dominance 

Cootumed fora Pare 1 Asian dmfamats m ~ 5” 1 ® “ ^ 


Cootfaned fora P^e 1 

dered the arrest of Bernard Tapie, the 
business tycoon-turned-politician, who 
was charged with tax evasion and fraud. 

While it is tempting to draw parallels 
between France and Italy, it is unlikely 
that corruption investigations in Paris will 
lead to quite the same kind of judicial 
earthquake. In France, the state institu- 
tions are stronger and the network of pow- 
erful government administrators and com- 
pany managers is significantly less open to 
outside scrutiny. 

What appears to be similar in both 
countries is the pattern during the 1980s of 
often incestuous relations between the 
beads of many private and state companies 
and the leaders of political parties. In Italy, 
it was illicit fmancang of political parties 
that first put magistrates on the trail to- 
ward uncovering other bribery scandals. 

If the political backdrop is important in 
probing past corruption, it is just as rele- 
vant in understanding why more dossers 
are likely to be opened in Franca Mr. 
Taucher noted that with next year’s presi- 
dential election looming, same future ar- 
rests may be the result of "political vendet- 
tas.” 


A French financier who asked not to be 
named said he would not be surprised by 
more arrests. 

“I think you will see more attacks on 
Socialists as efforts are made to discredit 
friends of President Framjois Mitterrand,” 
he said, adding that abruption probes 
would nonetheless affect businessmen of 
all political persuasions. Mr. Suard, for 
example, is known to be a fervent support- 
er of Edouard Bahadur, the conservative 
prime minister. 

In France on Tuesday, the most outspo- 


jrrupuon vrwv aprvuus Coatmoed fora Page 1 

r „ ' . _ repeatedly blocked in his five- 

Indeed, even as Mr. Suard was denying year battle to control the bu- 
nny wrongdoing ou Tuesday, there were reaucracy, privatize state- 
more signs of Europe’s increasing focus on owned companies, unify the 
corruption cases. Among the develop- foreign exchange rate and pro- 
meats this week alone: mote economic devdooment to 


Asian diplomats in Tehran me- .. Iran’s ecxmomic^woes are .so 
diet that his successor could be setffcrtf sb&ie U.S. goVem- 
evea more in ward-looking, and meant analysts have, begun an 
more hostile to the West. De- informal reassessment 


reaucracy, privatize state- iwstue to the West. Ire- 
owned companies, unify the spit® his flaws, they say,_ Mr. 
foreign exchange rate «*id pro- Rafsaiyam com b ines political 
mote economic development to savvy with the religious author- 


spite his flaws, they say, Mr. nnEtary abSties, although not 
Rafsanjani combines political of itsaBmiidtiti iitfcraws . 


ken political critic of Mr. Suard* s arrest' 
was Girard Longue t, the trade and indus- 


• In Spain, where the government of 
Prime Minis ter Felipe Gonz&lez is already 
faring a chain of political scandals of near- 
ly Watergate diuKUsioiL, the Bank cf Spain 
announced that a former board director 
would be fined for insider trading just 
before the central bank intervened last 
December to save Baneste. 


conservative religious leaders 

and ' an obstructionist Pariia- _ 

meat. try’s spiritual leadar. . tration. told Congress that Iran iikfaw r ' 

Instead of dismantling price ' ‘Although Iran has succeeded, was spending $2 bflEan a year . “Becaase he’s the president, 
controls as Mr. Rafsanjani has despite UJS. objections, in roH- 011 Mni^-catud'pose a threat to Watera gets stock with the ML” 
recommended, the government mg over about S7 trillion in tire United State s and Its aflies ^saki Jacek Merkel, a former 

turn nir^Vr oon Twit rn+A 4 ffoHtc wit), rvrnrot. KmIki « 111 dlP. Hlllf lUllllif) tlmw t A fvflii r* IT J *■ ' •- ■ - mm* ■ t 


ity to stand op to A] 
Sayed AH Khamenei, t ( 
try’s spiritual leader. 

" Although Iran has sue 


roesarero .dedhre in popularity. - 
S. goVem- ’ v Last year, foDowing a no- 
begun an oo^Sderice vote in Pariumient, 
4 f* Iran’s . Mr, Walesa dissolved tire body 
Sough not and ca&ed elections. But in- 
^skions. stead working to unite pro- 
Nt. Gates^ reform forces, he set about 


conn- genefrd 
tration. 


*b c di rector of central intefii- oirning one against the othfa: in ke 
gence during the Bush adnihtia- ,> -ag^ipa re at atteny t to increase ■ ’ 


_ . • In Germany, Deutsche Bank AG an- 

try minister and head of the Repubiican nounced that four of its executives were 
Party who is himself the subject of judicial being removed from their jobs because of 


two weeks ago put into effect a debts with private banks m . three to, five an official on 

law requiring every bazaar mer- Germany, Austria, Belgium, It- ^^stroautkiearwt^ MrfW&esrs first presideaitial 

chant to put price tags on all aly, Japan, Denmark, and Swit- -bn by .... . . .campaign arid now a firamriai 

products.. zeriand in the past year; the . «=■ Iwats Wpolsey Jr_ who. consultant in Gdansk- "But he’s 

Diif tlui inf i ftl i lirt rt t1«« rtrtir OfB ifl W ■ mawf Wnr mm> iihaLTa TO Via* Ab*'* i*JiSliyL >> ‘ '"Tf * - n - •' m . ■> ■ m. 


lnyestigatioas mto a 
dling. Mr. Longuet, who has denied any 
personal wrongdoing, called the Alcatel 
chiefs arrest “distresang.” 

A typical market reaction to Mr. SuanFs 
arrest came from Marc Altmarm, head of 
French equities al Citdit Lyonnais Securi- 
ties in London, who told Bloomberg Busi- 
ness News: "It seems files every time you 
turn around in Europe these days some- 
thing like this is happening. Sure, it’s got 
people nervous.” 


influence ped- their involvement in lending to Dr. Jftrgen 


Schneider AG, the collapsed real estate 
company whose eponymous former chair- 
man is now a fugitive. 


• In Rome, a magistrate asked for au- 
thority to issue an arrest warrant for the 
former prime minister, Bettino Crari, who 
has cited health reasons for his refusal to 
return from his vacation home in Tunisia 
to stand trial in Italy on corruption 
charges. 


But the infighting in the gov- government has been unable to succeedea^ME Gates urifl£T a&o 
eminent is so intense (hat even secure significant sew credit or - President BSD, : - 

as municipal officials soldered foreign investment. . Congress last year that Iran in IS 

shm the gates of merchants who Paradoxically, even though wohld need 8 to 10 yeara to the 
did not comply, Interior Mims- the United Stores bms imports bmMaxmdeax weapon rmleMk - inft ri 
try officials went around the from Iran, American oEconma- had enajsiye v • } 

capital cutting (hem open. ores, have emerged as amqor Now, Tenfagon f^a^ana a 
U nder the Iranian Constitu- snpporter of tire banian econo- .others snr lran spent anly about movi 
tion, Mr. Rafsanjani, who is a my. Some oil industry experts $800 rndKim on Iok^s arrre? last betw 


a&ogot hunsdf to blame.” 

election 

■l^r^***** Mk- Merkel broke with 

need 8 to 10 years to the poesuleait, iUnstzatmg an- 
rarirarwc^onemless k : aflrer aspect of Mr. Walesa’s 


tion, Mr. Rafsa 
senior deric all 


ayatollah, cannot run 
when his second term t 
1997. 


not an say these 


much as $3.6 


it as ^ear 


As Poland’s revo lu tion has 
moved from the stark struggle 
. .between communism and free- 
dam to the nuaxrced, but no less 


for sale 


A number of Western and States. 


on in oa last / Unless fmriciri buy a nude- significant, contest for the 
fc*”*??*** 11 * “-weapon ritope of tire future, Mr. Walesa 

the Unrfed finds himself of a 


•’ WM 4‘. - . 


Kohl Says Gonzalez Won’t Take EU Post Ara J bt FHes *° West Bank and Forms His Palestmian Gvvern^ 

w Coutiuued bom Page 1 i__ __ j .,7 .«■ .- 


BONN — Chancellor Helmut Kohl 
publicly crossed Felipe Gonzilez, the 
prime minister of Spam, off the list for 
European Commission president on Tues- 
day md said he doubted Jacqnes Delors of 
France would extend his tenure until a new 
leader is found. 


“Felipe Gonzilez has left no doubt that 
he is not available for this post,” Mr. Kohl 


said after a joint meeting of his cabinet and 
the comroisskaL the executive body of the 
EU. He said consultations on Who would 
assume the commission presidency were 
stiH going on. 

The 12rcamtxy union has been plunged 
into crisis by its failure to agree on a 
successor to Mr. Delors for the key post 


Britain blocked the appointment of the 
Belgian prime minister, Jean-Luc De- 
haene, at an EU meeting last month, 

Mr. Kohl, whose country now holds the 
six-mouth rotating presidency of the Euro- 
pean Union, countered press speculation 
that had focused on Mr. Gonz&fez by say- 
ing, "It was in the newspapers, hot that 
doesn’t mean it’s right.” 

Asked whether Mr. Delors would stay 
on after his term ex pi res at the end of this 
year to give member states more time to 
decide, he stated flatty: “I don’t think so” 
Mr. Delors had no comment about his 
plans but said he was sure the search for a 
successor would be finished by July 13, 
when Mr. Kohl has called a meeting in 
Brussels to decide the issue. 


One commissioner said that while Mr. 
Gonzilez was out of the running; EU 
members still seemed keen to have a prime 
minister or form« national leader succeed 
Mr. Delors. 

The other candidate of such stature be- 
mg mentioned is Gmliano Amaxo, who 
gamed international respect during 10 
stormy months as the prune minister of 
Italy before his coalition government fell 
in April 1992. 

Diplomatic sources in Rome said Mon- 
day that Mr. Amato was emerging as a 
possible strong contender. 

“It is a name that is doing the rounds 
and not just in the press,” one senior diplo- 
mat from an EU country said. 


groups burned tires and held prayer vigils 
oq the main road from Jerusalem, to Jeri- 
cho. . 

Mr. Arafat was ferried to Jericho aboard 
the Egyptian helicopter with an Israeli Air 
Force escort He flew over the Mediterra- 
nean, then inland north of Tel Aviv, near 
Jerusalem and into the Jordan Valley. 

Speaking at a bus station normally used 
by travelers to and from Jordan over the 
Afleaby Bridge, Mr. Arafat was repeatedly 
interrupted by zealous followers who tried 
to break through the cordon of armed 
soldiers surrounding him. 

Mr. Arafat pubfidy embraced Rabbi 
Moshe Hirsch, leader of the Netenri Sana; 
an ultraorthodox Jewish sect that rqects 
Zionism. Biabbi Hirsch later told reporters. 


‘This is the beginning of the end ... of the 
Zionist state." -- r.- '. 

Whisfced away under heavy guard; Mr, 
Arafat never made the trium phal e ntrance , 
into Jericho’s town square that many had 
anticipated, including television networks 


their oaths^ The remaining inarnli ers did 
not 'come to Jericho ot have not yet been. 


vantage points: 

' As recently as Monday night, the Je£_ 
cho municipality was sefiing $S,006 van- 
tage points mihe squarefor an appearance 
that never came. • 

In a private ceremony in a heavily-forti- 
fied budding that is now headquarters for 
thc Pakstiiie National Authority, Mr. Ara- 
fat took an oath of office as oead of the 
new sdf-rol&xmraa. 

But only hail the 24 members of the 
Palestinian Council were on hand to take 


■ ..the leading . Palestinians in the - 

West Banl^FaisalHiissenu, decided not to 
:ttke fcc;tiaih,.^ although Mr. Arafat had |r 
named mm to flie cnwtir?i 

. Aitomriuig to NaM Shaath, who is min- 
i^^ocpJKxnic planning Mr. Hussemi, 
wfaocoHug from a f amity long ^yyvajttwl 
wth^fcusalein, dedined to be sworn in 


cy of hisrole in JerorajSn.** 


omnentbebasedin Jericho, and Mr.fes- 
Vpwanty wanted to sidesta) aeon- 
fhctoyerdira^KtoneiiL^ 

n* a ^ m several 

Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem- 


i 








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PV RUSHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


What Solution for Yemen? 


The civil war tearing Yemen apart 
threatens under trouble. Other Arab 
countries have become involved* includ- 
ing,. by some accounts, Saudi Arabia, Iraq 
and Sudan. Both Yemeni sides are oil 
producers. And a military attack against 
the southern port of Aden could produce 
a humanitarian disaster, imperiling more 
than 400,000 inhabitants. 

Conservative Arab regimes, led by Sau- 
di Arabia, sought a United Nations peace- 
keeping force to halt the north's offensive. 
So far, UN efforts have been limited to 
unsuccessful mediation attempts and use- 
less cease-fire agreements that break down 
almost instantly. The Saudis and their 
allies also are poised to recognize the 
south, which would recreate the two inde- 
i in 1990. The 


tinted States, however, opposes recogni- 
tion. It has persuaded the Security Council 
to authorize merely a regional monitoring 
force, which would be deployed only after 
a lasting cease-fire takes hold. 

Unified Yemen held promise as a test- 
ing ground for democracy in a region 
noted for despotism. But beneath the dem- 
ocratic surface, two prickly leaders battled 


for influence. The last straw for the south- 
ern leader, Ali Salem Baid, may have come 
when Ali Abdullah Saleh, the northern 
leader and Yemen's president, struck an 
alliance with an Islamic party, reducing 
the influence of southern politicians. Civfl 
war broke out on May 4 and the south 
seceded on May 21. Southerners say the 
northern side is backed by Iraq and Sudan. 

Washington’s cautious approach to the 
Yemen crisis, encouraging regional ac- 
tion outside the UN framework, is a good 
example of the way the Clinton adminis- 
tration. chastened by the Somalia fiasco, 
now intends to pursue multilateralism. 

It is a sensible policy. The United Na- 
tions cannot afford to go everywhere and 
does not always have a useful role to play 
in internal conflicts. But r dying on region- 
al forces also has risks. In larger opera- 
tions. participating armies are left freer to 
pursue their own national interests. Mean- 
while, the problem of inadequate UN per- 
formance is sidestepped rather than reme- 
died. And in Yemen, regional monitoring 
may be able neither to stop the war nor 
contain its wider repercussions. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Russia’s Economy Waits 


When the Russian prime minister, Vik- 
tor Chernomyrdin, visited Washington 
last month, he attended the signing of the 
contract for another enormous oD and gas 
project. This kind of investment holds 
great hope for the Russian economy, far 
more i ban foreign aid. But the project — 
like others that We been announced but 
not yet actually begun — depends on 
le gislati on by the Duma to establish basic 
rights of property and rules of taxation. 
That legislation raises many issues that 
Russia is finding difficult to resolve, and it 
is crucial to the counpys economic future. 

This latest enterprise would go after the 
huge reserves of oa and natural gas under 
the Sea of Okhotsk off Sakhalin Island. It 
envisions investment in the range of $10 
billion by a consortium of five companies 
— two American, two Japanese and one 
European — headed by Marathon Oil of 
Houston. They expect that as much as 70 
percent of this investment would be spent 
on Russian payrolls and equipment Once 
in operation, wells would provide a stream 
of foreign currency earnings, as well as fuel 
for Russian homes and industries. 

Russian oil production is not much 
more than half the peak of a decade ago. 
The drop has been caused partly by the 
general chaos of the economy, but mostly 


by reckless exploitation and poor mainte- 
nance over the years. In the early 1980s 
the Soviet Union was by far the world’s 
biggest oil producer, and even today Ru*; 
sia alone is the third-biggest after Saudi 
Arabia and the United States. It com- 
mands vast reserves and great technical 
resources. Joint ventures tike the Sakha- 
lin Project can provide not only money 
but additional expertise to bring Russian 
production and exports back up. That 
can do a lot more for the Russian stan- 
dard of living than waiting for aid from 
other countries, particularly since the 
West is falling short on its promises. 

The contract was signed in the United 
States because the project is proceeding 
under the aegis of the U.S. -Russian Joint 
Commission on Economic and Techno- 
logical Cooperation, chaired by Mr. 
Chernomyrdin and Vice President A1 
Gore. Both duly blessed it 2 nd called it 
“an important proof of favorable oppor- 
tunities for direct investments in Russia.” 
But that will be true only if Russia’s 
leadership, and particularly the Duma, 
can resolve its doubts about market eco- 
nomics sufficiently to establish a legal 
framework for the kind of sustained for- 
eign investment that this venture offers. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Abortion and Free Speech 


At the center of all the litigation in 
America on access to abortion clinics is 
the conflict between the rights of patients 
and staff to obtain and provide abortions 

— a right guaranteed by the constitution 

— and the rights of abortion opponents 
to picket and demonstrate at clinics, a 
right protected by the free-speech clause 
of the First Amendment. Last week, the 
Supreme Court considered one of these 
cases, weighed the competing rights and 
provided some limited guidance for low- 
er-court judges. In this case, which in- 
volved a court injunction, the justices 
made reasonable choices. 

in the summer of 1992, abortion pro- 
testers began demonstrations at a clinic in 
Melbourne, Florida, and at the homes of 
clinic staff members. A state court prohib- 
ited the demonstrators from blocking ac- 
cess to the dinic and physically abusing 
patients who sought to enter. Six months 
later, enjoined activities were continuing, 
so the court issued a broader injunction 
barring the protesters from picketing or 
demonstrating within 36 feet of the prop- 
erty, being excessively noisy during certain 
hours, displaying signs that could be ob- 
served by patients inside the dinic, ap- 
proaching any patient without her consent 
within 300 feet of the dinic in order to 
provide “counseling” and demonstrating 
within 300 feet of a clinic employee’s resi- 


dence or harassing such individuals. 

The three dissenting justices found 
that the injunction was based an the 
content of the protesters' speech, was 
therefore subject to the highest standard 
of scrutiny and accordingly was uncon- 
stitutional. The majority used a some- 
what less strict standard and permitted 
the 36-loot buffer zone and the restric- 
tion on noise. Other provirions were 
found to infringe on the demonstrators' 
free speech unnecessarily. 

Chief Justice William Rehnquist, writ- 
ing for the majority, implied that more 
carefully tailored restrictions on residen- 
tial pi cke ting and threatening signs might 
be upheld. The majority also ruled that the 
injunction was not based on the content of 
the protesters' speech because an injunc- 
tion, unlike a statute, is limited to a partic- 
ular group and directed at its past actions 
rather than members’ shared viewpoint 

Each demonstration is different, and 
every injunction is addressed only to the 
factual situation before the court Permu- 
tations on the Melbourne order will surely 
be tested. The First Amendment protects 
even the most obnoxious protesters as long 
as they are not violent This principle must 
be respected as the courts seek ways also to 
protect the right to clinic access. The court 
struggled to find a balance and succeeded. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Other Comment 


Jobs and the Naples Agenda 

I want to brief you on what we see in 
the Naples summit Well be looking at 
our progress to date and see where we go 
from here. We're beginning to see signs of 
economic recovery in the G-7. We’re see- 
ing it in Eastern Europe, and in turn, 
we’re seeing it in Russia. But our major 
concern continues to be economic growth 
and the creation of jobs. We’re in much 
better shape than we were in Tokyo, 
when many of the G-7 countries were 
seeing their economies deteriorating. The 
strategy we put in place last year is work- 
ing: for the United Slates to cut its bud- 


get deficit — and we're well ahead of 
schedule on that one: for Europe to cut 
interest rales; and for Japan to stimulate 
their economy. As a result, G-7 econo- 
mies will grow 2.5 percent in the GNP 
this year, versus a growth rate last year of 
approximately 1 p erc ent. 

The United States has done particu- 
larly welL We have 40 percent of the 
GDP of the G-7 countries, but we’ve 
had 75 percent of that growth. Beyond 
growth, there will be a heavy emphasis 
on jobs. The president feels very strong- 
ly on this one. 

— Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen at 
a news conference in Washington. 



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ZJI 


W ashington —The cran- 
ing negotiations between 
North Korea and the United 
States are as important for nucle- 
ar peace as the negotiations be- 
tween John Kennedy and Nikita 
Khrushchev at the height of the 
Cuban missile crisis. Those nego- 
tiations were tense, and they end- 
ed only when the two principals 
worked their way to an under- 
standing that included conces- 
sions on both rides. But one cru- 
cial matter was decided on the 
American ride, and announced to 
the American people, before the 
negotiation began: The Soviet 
missiles must leave Cuba. 

There is a parallel requirement 
now, and it has not yet been dear- 
ly set forth by Bill Clin ton: The 
rod rods full of plutonium that are 
now cooling off at Yongbyoc must 
some iTptW effective international 
control before they can be moved 
beyond reach by Kim D Sung. The 
deadline is some weeks ahead — 
the exact date Is for die U.S. gov- 
ernment to dedde on the basis of 
its best information — but the 
deadline is real because if there is 
no agreed and sustained interna- 
tional control before the rods are 
movable, then there will be no 
protection against a North Korean 
decision to wreck die negotiation 
by unilateral action at any time. 

It is altogether wrong to assert 
that this crisis is over; its moment 
of truth is still ahead. Only the 
U.S. government can make this 
reality plain to its people, and 
only an American public that un- 
derstands it can give the president 


By McGeorge Bundy and Gordon M- Goldstein 


the support he will need if this 
requirement of effective interna- 
tional supervision is to be respect- 
ed and supported by others. 

What makes the cooling fuel 
rods crucial is that if they are not 
either removed from -North Korea 
or brought under in ternatio nal 
control ferae will be no way of 
knowing if they are being us«l to 
make up to six or right North 
Korean nuclear warheads. There 
will be no assurance that Mr. Kjxb 


It is altogether wrong to 
assert that this crisis ... 
is over; its moment of 
truth is stiU ahead. 

is in fact respecting bis ride of the 
arrangement sketched out — but 
not at all concluded — in his talks 
with Jimmy Carter. 

The analogy to the missile cri- 
sis is dear America saw Am Sovi- 
et missiles leave Cuba; it must see 
that the fuel rods come under 
effective international oversight 
before they are cool enough to be 
moved and hidden. America 
needs this result because without 
it there will be no solid agreement 
at all with Mr. Kim, rally an in- 
tensified crisis of fear and nudear 
distrust That is exactly what So- 
viet missiles remaining in Cuba 
would have meant in 1962. 

Before the coming discussions 


begin, Mr. Ointon should make 
this requirement dear to the 
American people and indeed to all 
concerned In 1994 failure to 
achieve control-over the fad rods 
would mean not only a potentially 
severe nudear threat to South Ko- 
rea, Japan and others in the region, 
but the lively and ominous possi- 
bility of a North. Korean nudear 
arms trade with ban or Libya or 
even terrorist organizations. 

There is another parallel to the 
zmssfie crisis. A successful negoti- 
ation wffl have to be satisfactory 
to both rides. Mr. Kim win have 
to have his own success in the 
meeting, whether in trade or oth- 
er “concessions." Mr. Kennedy 
was lucky in 1962; he could with- 
draw the American warheads on 
missile s in Turkey by his own 
unilate ral secret derision. 

Mi. Clinton has no such ample 
choice as he conriden what can 
make the coming meeting a suc- 
cess for Mr. Kao, too, but die 
matter deserves intense consider- 
ation. And where public or con- 
gressional support, or both, may 
be needed, the a rg um e n t in favor 
tit such action should be set forth, 
ahead of time. If Mr. Kennedy had 
required public support for the 
T urkish missile trade, he would 
have found it hard to get. He had 
disliked those missiles for years, 
but he had not said so out loud, 
and still less had he sought public 
support for his sensiWc view. 

Fortunately there is in die pre- 
sent case one very important ac- 



count that is largely under Mr 
Clinton’s direct cotooL Lei s call 
it the Foreign Leader’s Prestige 
Account.: The. president decides 
who he meets* who gets what kmd 
ctf entertainment, tfeo gets Amer- 
ican btfpin hosting inte rnation al 
soccer matches and all sorts of 
other things, up to and incl udin g 
dmlomafic recognition. . 

If a foreign statesman! 
to 'value such things hit 
should Americans oL„ — - 
should they hr to trade 

spfft international good manners 
toward the substance of an ex-, 
pKrit North Korean turn away 
Irani the temptations of le ad in g a 
blackmadcetm nuclear weapons? 

by dedsw^^rer 

solve the fud rod problem, that 
result will be well worth a presa- 
dcntial .demraistratMnaf Ameri- 
can good mann ers toward the for- 
eign. p«*gQri«ViTig ■ partner .who 
makes that outcome possible. 


not alone this time. Of causae the 
United States had allies and f .■ 
friends to consult and to reassure 
jm 1962, but there was uo.wtw for _ 
to help America directly in- 
the crucial task of persuading Mr. 
Khrushchev. Now it is different. 

By chaBengiflg the credibflity of 
the global noapnGfoitirai^ae 
and its treafies.North Korea’s nu- 

amfcfoions th reaten the entire 
inte rnati onal community. ■ 

America has friends with inter- 
ests at least as strong its own in 
avoiding & major North. Korean 
breakout. That means that Wash- 


itivdy test the sharply debated 

proposition that Mr. Kna is ready 
to trade away a prospcctirclaxgp- 
scale nuclear capability. U con- 
ducted property , tins test will 
demonstrate North Korea’s real 
TTitentiqnK. If drey accept a bar- 
gain, the crisis is reserved. If they 
refuse a bargain, then Mr. Clin- 
ton’s effort will strengthen has 
hand both domestically arid in- 
ternationally for tiie response 
that must follow. . .. 

There is one importa nt differ- 
ence between this affair and the 
mi safe crisis: The Americans are 


j and Seoul, 
and Moscow and Tokyo, and in- 
dml to many more. It also must 
give timely attention to the UN 
Security Gxmdl, whichis Ihcfi- . 
art international anfexirity on nu- 
clear behavior that threatens 
peace. Here the task has been well 
begun, but as crises become acute 
ills easy to neglect the politics of 
the United Nations. 

We say “politics” deliberately, 
and as a farm of praise. This is a 
problemm power politics, not an 
exercise-in soothing words, arid is 
this hard worid it is a good t irin g 
for all of ns that today the Securi- 
ty CoundQ matters. 

Mr. Bundy, special assistant for 
national security affairs from 1961 
to 1966, is chairman of . die Cfniud 
Nations Association Project on the ■ 

Security Council and Nonprolifer- ■ 
attain. Mr. Goldstein is director of 
the project. They contributed this 
comment to The Washington Post. 


Saudi Arabia’s Solid Foundations Assure a Durable Kingdom 


W ASHINGTON — The Saudi state 
has been around in one form or 
another since about 1744. a quarter of a 
century before the American Revolution. 
It has ridden out many storms and 
emerged as a highly viable state in prox- 
imity to a number of dangers. So it is 
curions that we most face queries every 
now and then about the kingdom’s dura- 
bility, as in The 'Washington Post C 'Sta- 
bility* at a High Price, ” IHT, June 24). 

Just in the past 40 years, we have 
surmounted threat-s craning from the 
combined. Western-rooted Arab nation- 
alism and socialism that arose in the 
] 950s and '60s, Ayatollah Ruhoflah Kho- 
meini’s radical subversion, in the ’70s and 
’80s and military bullying tor Saddam 
Hussein at the outset of the *90s. 

Despite all that, Saudi society and its 
political leadership have completed in 
the most recent quarter century the swift- 
est and most comprehensive economic, 
social and physical infrastructure devel- 
opment not only in our history but com- 
pared with just about any developing 
country in a similar time frame. The price 
tag was nearly SI trillion. 

The results now are free health care for 
all our people, free education through 
university, interest-free long-term loans 
for ho using, small business and fanning 


By Bandar ibn Saltan 

Prince Bander is Saudi Arabia's 
ambassador to the United States. 

and a number of other programs — but 
still no income taxes. 

Just in the past yesr. King Fabd has put 
into effect a law that reinforces fundamen- 
tal guarantees and establishes a consulta- 
tive assembly nationally and in each prov- 
ince. We have a staunchly independent 
judiciary, as detailed in a five-year study 
completed last year by a member of the 
Harvard Law School faculty. Most impor- 
tant, we axe building our nation based oa 
our own valnes, farm and culture. 

“Foreign imports” are nice as shiny or 
high-tech “things." But intangible social 
and political institutions imported from 
elsewhere can be deadly. Ask the shah. 

A constant problem with so much of 
the West is the pervasive need for short- 
fused solutions and instant gratification. 
Our pace is more for long-distance run- 
mng, for. durability. 

' . We are strong friends of the United 
States and were when that was not fash- 
ionable. Not just now and not only be- 
cause of “Desert Storm" but because 
America was never reaDy a colonial pow- 
er in the worid and the heartland of Saudi 


Arabia was never a colony. As weH, we 
have important mutual interests. It was 
important, too,' that, the UJS. was anti- 
communist. 5o were we, for deepty held 
rdigious reasons. It is also rdevaHt to ns 
that the U.S. champions a free economy 
and a vigorous private sector. So do we. 

If s important, too, that fee American' 
people (but not necessarily same activists 
m fee media and elsewhere) generally re- 
spect other people’s cultures. The hun- 
dreds of thousands of Americans .who 
have waritod and lived in Sandi Arabia 
over the yean have, made it dear feat 
Americans are mdroduafists. So are . apt 
people. At the same time, we crane bran' 
an almost timeless culture and firmly hold 
to our litigious faith. Islam for us Ss-abt- 
just a religion but a way erf fifex. Wc Saudis 
want to modernize; butnotnt 
Westernize; We respect U.S. society everi 
if we disagree on some matters, and we da 
Our stability will ultimately depend, of 
coarse, on our people’s attitude touted 
our leaders’ policies. Thai wonderful Mas- 
sachusetts political philosopher, the late 
Tip ONett, was globally insightful when 
he emphasized, “ADpditics arc locaL” 

It (foes not help Kin g Fahd, for exam- 
ple, to lode good for The Washington - 
Post or others in Washington but not. to 
work within the overwhelming consensus ■ 


in downtown 
Saudi Arabia* 
rights or other 
here may want 
afl wheat fee Saudi 
differing riew of 


and the rest of 
Western human- 
correct groups 

ft hrip King rad at 
have a strong 
.own, based on 


Islam and our other baric ways. 

Wedorft haretoHfceall America does; 
and it doesult have to like all that we do. 
Bm together we can respect each other’s 
rights to our own basic values and ways 
hi our respective societies and be civil 
wife eadi other wheat we disagree. 

As to fee cosnpfiimt about police ex- 
cesses m Saptfi Arabia, we have long had 
dear iiid qwffic Uaric kvs against 
those, as weated in a U.S. Supreme Court 

easily rescanned, 
sbow those law^ bdng enforced by both 
our courts and dobcutive branch. 

Tbe mohfan, as fee Rodney King case 
in C ahtortti^ diainflJpeft, is tq handling the 
occasional nfevrt^fe ekrayfkw.s to re- 
law enforcement But neither 


sponsible 
the Unite 


United States nor Sirodi Arabia are 
alone in hav ing to cope with that. We 
conthme to work onit we hope America 
is as wvffl, undistractcd by fingCT-pomtmg. 
Arid ro here I gn again: Saudi Arabia is 
very stable as it mores steaday ahead. . 

The Washington Post 


Asians Need to Get Involved in a New Regional Security Order 


S INGAPORE — The Ointon 
administration’s foreign poli- 
cy fum Wings have drawn atten- 
tion away from more fundamen- 
tal questions about the role of the 
United States in Asia, where 
America's strategic presence risks 
being undenmnded by the grow- 
ing reluctance of nations in the 
region to provide greater support. 

Asians have lost much confi- 
dence in American leadership. 
Yet they have done little to keqp 
U.S. military power available to 
serve the interests of order and 
security in their region. 

In the late 1980s, all members 
of the Association of South East 
Asian Nations and most other 
East Asian governments wanted 
U.S. forces to remain at Clark Air 


By Paul Y. Hammond 


Base and Subic Bay Naval Sta- 
tion. in the Philippines. Yet only 
Singapore showed any concern 
feat Manila would seek to have 
them shut down. Lee Kuan Yew, 
Singapore’s senior minister, of- 
fered to rent military facilities in 
Singapore to the United States as a 
partial substitute for Clark and 
Subic, and he timed his offer to 
make a point to Manila while it 
was negotiating with Washington. 

No other country in Asia took 
a public stand on the issue, al- 
though Kim Bcazley, Australia’s 
defense minister, tried unsuccess- 
fully to put together a multilateral 
announcement by regional states 
value to 


endorsing the 


Asian 


curityof having U.S. forces in the 
Philippines- Mr. Beasley's intent 
was to make it easier for Manila 
to face down the nationalist chal- 
lenge to the U.S. bases. 

Asian states wanted to enjoy 
the strategic benefits of the bases 
but w ere unwilling to share wife 
Manila fee political burden of 
feeir location. They also were tm- 
wffitng to encourage fee United 
States ty offering alternative bas- 
ing faculties, claiming that this 
was politically impossible. 

Such free riding continues to- 
day when the risks of conflict are 
even greater. Viewed in this light. 
East Asia's muted reaction to fee 
North Korean nudear crisis is 


Neighborhood With a Gun to Its Head 


N EW YORK— For fee last 
three years, I have ridden 
the subway through Brooklyn to 
Brownsville, one of America’s 
toughest neighborhoods. Every 
time fee doors of fee train slide 
open, I wonder if fee bad guys 
wiH get on looking for a victim. 

Sometimes it is hard to tdl 
fee baby gunmen from the kids 
just trying to now up without 
getting shot. Often the basket- 
ball players or the kids od the 
Thomas Jefferson High School 
debate team, kids who haven’t 
had the heart cut out erf them by 
the relentless violence in their 
neighborhoods, dress just like 
the killers, so they won’t be- 
come victims themselves. 

A vast number of black and 
Latino youths in the inner cities 
are trymg desperately to make 
some sense of their lives. But 
they are caught in a crossfire 
between a small group of socio- 
paths in their midst and fee 
larger society feat has written 
them out erf the future. A gener- 
ation ctf city teenagers is turning 
inward, away from counsel 
from fee old heads in their com- 
munity and communication 
wife fee larger society. 

Shut out, they have created 
their own shadow hierarchies 
based on tltiny like clothing. 
One New York group calls itself 
the Lolifes and wears rally Polo 
by Ralph Lauren — which its 
members shoplift 
The worship of money is so 
m»«iM that rids nickname them- 


By Greg Donaldson 


selves “Money." A bit song by 
fee rapper Snoop Doggy Dogg 
in d u d es the chorus “Tve got my 
mind cm my money and my 
money on my mind." The gang- 
ster rappers pick up the cadence 
of fee automatic gunfire and 
chant of death by fee bullet. 
“Rollin’ with tins one and that 
one — pullin' out gats for fun," 
redtes the Wn-Taog Gan. 

For the young the lyrics and 
posturing reBeve some of the de- 
spair of urban reality but not fee 
fear. They arc ever aware erf the 
real lunatics in their midst. In 
Brooklyn they call them “mad 
agents,” people who will shoot 
you for stepping on their toes or 
taking too long rax a pay phone. 

For anyone who dunks the 
effects of urban experience can 
readily be overcome by personal 
fortitude, imagine trymg to con- 
centrate through a day's work 
knowing that a person with a 
gun is waiting for you outside. 

From the earliest age; inner- 
city kids are forced to adapt to 
such mortal fear, while they .arc 
bombarded with the message 
that they are expendable. Byad- 
okscence, kids lose their hope, 
and eventually their empathy.. 
Some are pushed over the edge. 

The kids want to work- 1 have 
seen them besiege school ad- 
ministrators for a few intern- 
ship sJ have seen a dropout, a 
petty thief, turned into a re- 


sponsible person by a decent 
jab. As I walk through the pro- 
jects I have beard them plead: 
“Yon a reporter? Can you 
t, job'r But the ' 


rou 

me a jobT’ But the tucetitiooti is 
that there wiD be no jobs. It is 
amply not on the agenda. 

In 1992 the “Save a Genera- 
tion" program started wife a 
proposal for 1,000 In 
jobs for Bronx youth. Wit 
support of John Cardinal 
O’Connor and Fernando Fer- 
rer, the Bronx borough pres- 
dent, the program raised high 
hopes for an alternative to fee 
underground economy. After 
two years of intense effort, pro- 
gram leaders how hope to real- 
ize just 25 mini mum-wage jobs. 

None of this means we should 
ignore crime. Of course there 
are crimes for which there’s no 
excuse; people, even very young 
ones, who must be swiftly segre- 
gated from society. Lock up the 
“mad agents," but remember 
the generation of. minority 
youth that remains, " 

. Right now our societal intent ; 
is dear. In Brownsvflk; fee city is 
at work on a 530 miffion youth 
detention center so young people 
don’t ever have to leave the 
neighbofiiood; even togp to jafl. 

Gre$ Donaldson, an instructor 
at New York City Technical Col- 
lege, is author of "The Vine,” a 
book about young men in the 
BrormsriSe section of Brooklyn. 
He contributed this comment to 
The New York Times. 


particularly discouraging. One 
would think feat North Korea’s 
missiles were aimed at Americ a n , 
not Asian, targets. 

It is dangerous fra Asians to 
assume that the foundations of 
thezr strategic order will remain in 
place wifecrat feeir active involve- 
-meat fe maintaining and strength- 
dung iL Tins is a default, given-, 
the growing economic strength of 
East Asia and the claims of politi- 
cal and social maturity feat the 
region makes in defending Asian 

Wife ^mdra'^e Coid War; • 
the United States is becoming, 
more selective in defining itsna- 
tiooal interests. This isa power- 
ful impulse in both fee Chzzton 
administration and in Congress. 
Even committed international- 
ists in the United States. insist 
that America should . narrow its 
commitments to those that are 
absolutely vital 

Still, America is not about to : 
turn away fixnn Asia. Tt intends to 
par tic ipate, in fee region's eco- 
nomic growth. Asian countries . 
trill compete for American cam- . 
tal, trade and markets. But this 
does not mean that the .United.; 
States will continue to play a se- 
curity rale in East Asm on terms 
that will satisfy the region unless 
Asians actively work to assure 
feat the rote to be played by 
America is satisfactory to them. 

There are grave uncertainties 


ahead foT East Asia, especially for 
■ small and medium steles in the 
shadow of Chinese and Japanese 
power, fit the past, the United 
States was prepared to use its 
farces in. the region to deter trou- 
ble makers and help maintain an 
eqmlibriDm. Such a. committment 
: cm no lougra be taken for granted. 

Yet A»aa«countrics are doing 
tittle to face up to the strategic 
and military ja ^BctfoM of Chi- 
na’s growing economic strength. 
If Warinngton bows to Asian de- 
mands that it confine U.S. foreign 
poticy to aonpolitical objectives, 
Ashms wifi have lost one of fee 
few levers that zmght.be used to 

mfinxy y fe^ fea f Chfnfi 

..and Japan win taka. : ' 

. Admittedly, the Clinton ad- 
ministration's use of political le- 


verage in. Aaar.has been inept/ 
but it will not get any better 
wifeout practice. Asians, in turn, 
need prac&e dcvelopmg feeir 
rote; as pmticiipanls, ralher than 
onlookers, in fee new regional 
setail^or&r. 'The time for free 
rating is over. 


The writer, a tBstinguished ser- 
rice prof essor af - Public and Inter- 
national Affairs at the University 
iff JTttHrurpt. spent - the past year 
asa, visiting fedaw tit the Institute 
for Southeast Asian Studies in 
Singapore. He contributed 2 his 
comment to the International 
Herald Tribune, 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1894: US. Labor Strife 

NEW YORK The strikers in 
Chicago and elsewhere arcderail- 
mg trains, overturning cars and 
otherwise rioting, despite thexml- 
Ctary. The latter are char ging j©. 
peatedfy, whereupon fee mobs 
break up and reform at other 

C ts. The regidars have re- 
ed from shooting, driving fee 
men back wife their bayonets or 
wife cavalry. Mr.' Debs, president 
of fee Strikers’ Union, has issued 
a manifesto, saying: “The first 
shot fired ty the troops will be fee 

signal for an uprising of labor ... . 
precipitating a civil war.” 

1919 : Getto Worid 

PARIS — These are days when 

we hear raw* about work. News- 
papers are fell of st. The word is 
m the mouth of statesmen of ev- 
ery country. “Worid" they cry to 
fee masses; “the worid can only 


be saved by work.” Kings take up 
fee ay and presidents echo it 
wife Republican eloquence. But 
. alas! there was never so Ktrie 
work done as aow, and never 
were there so many State-ordered 
bpEdays. The moveable feast’d 
present-day 'Europe bids , fair to 
outrival the Saints-day holidays 
of fee Russia feat once ^was Holy. 

1944s Herohitba Fever 

^ Ffora our 
New York edition:] Officials hat 


ity ior inter-American irfatior 
appeared unwonted today Pul 
fee ament epidemic < 
feoofeess revoaiitions in Cann 
America. Offidafiy they view tl 
rarest in each, republic as 
iStoraly ■ internal affair. Unoff 

daily, n was apparent few foe 

upon, fee uprisings as whole&oir 
reactions against — - ■ 

have been 













INTRRNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, W EDNESDAY, Jt'LY 6, 1994 

OPINION — 


Page 7 






_ " • > ' Vi' 

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.... : 




Now That Great Powers Arc Gone Trust the MaMto Deliver Your Dreams 

* • " __ _ . . i i«i!mc uw* a nr content io cohabit hncWcc-dass flight from oerceni of the mailbag these days 


‘W iSgffSiir By Edward N. Urttwak 

?SS£-3 ! £S» , 52 

who has backed away from aimed intevmcdtoestabBfliKfflesofmflD; U 

artistes st safe’s s SSslB 

^JSBSSSrilSa- 


ine untied states to act as a Great ambriwasmw to ■ -- - . 

Power, but Americans define the rtMmWmmApam. “IfSJ S e W £y action 

honor; they are not willing to pay - Nor istfie refusal to tolerate com- As or United Nations, it 
the price in blood. bat casnalttK Confincd to dcmocra- organoed by the United Natrons, u 

Earing much of the Cold War as des-.-The Soviet Umon was: sfll an 

before it, local and regional conflicts intact totafitanan sate when it en- najso decisions, chaotic 

^ Great Power ven- mator strategic aeoswns, 


B OSTON — 1 have a friend 
who writes letters. Real let- 
ters, on real stationery, with s real 
pen. What is more unusual, she 
mails them. 1 hate to date her like 
this, but she goes to the mailbox 
on the comer of her street and 
casually feeds it envelopes full of 
her hopes and dreams. 

^ on the other hand, have joined 
the legions of Americans who now 


by rival Great Powers. Now it is the quarters was wider intense pressure tf rffro^nalher able 

absence of hmetioning Great Pow- from Moscow to avoid casualties at a #qch?°^ S 

ers that is the cause of the world's all costs, becaise of theoarajpd re- uf t ^th two 

inaKSty to cope not only with ag- actions of famffies and friends. . J* ro bable schemes. Both 

greanve SmaTPowere sikfa as Sc?- There is a firndamentel ocplana- rate^ro^ble^an^Bom 

bia, not only with secessionists of all ^ that can be valid wi^mtot casualties ^ wa _ Both 

lands, but even with mere arined denKxaatmgoven»nce l T^orw^ ^^hemfamzed. Yet both would 
bands on a rampage, j „ , out nneon.^ 

By die classic definition, Great ^S^^Sdundeniably have 

Powaswere states strongenougb to „ (WnuMaUhlce unpleasant moral connotations, 

successfully wage war on \hm owil threat rotem WOtUatiave 11D RS 5 SL me would be to copy the 


oy uk uabsiL gcuutuuu, uicai 

Powers 'were states strong enough to 

successfully wag; war on their own. __ 

That distraction isnow outdated- The ^^YuSodmtU^S - GhSra modd,''^tingtro^ in 
tsstte is not whether be trade wwea lugusunw o ^aeSitable region abroad. Amen- 

with or without afli^birt whether (Jigjntegrationa&an ca’s “Ghurkas” would provide the 

war can bemade at all. For lhere was . , w - infantry units, with native U.S. 

a tacat condition to Great Power star - opportunity to be exploited. the more technical 

tus; a readiness to use force whenever forms of ambat support that carry 

it was advantageous to do so, accept- . - iwrfnttkn ctt,„iw risks and fewer casualties, 

xng the resulting combat casualties portage: the soaetal base off modem, l u lo copy the For- 

«* equruri^y » tong as thdr P^nsmal sodanas ln dy fam- ^^^?,Xu.S..offi- 
number was not Aspropoitiomiie. 2fcs_ that composed Ae pc^ula^s ®^ J ^Z^ nanna 4 Kv “denational- 


coula oe organized. x ei uum 
be furiously opposed by the military 
establishment, and undeniably have 
unpleasant moral connotations. 
iDne scheme would he to copy the 


> in die past, ^e (W Powers izc<rilld i vidua ] vototeers, perhaps | 

9 would normally be ^abte to^rely on five or_ax attracted by the offer of U.S. dtizen- 

: intumdatioa ratha'than comtat, that with right or nme far iEmmieJ On _ J ierm Qf serv i ce _ 
was only so because it was taken for the other hand, tnfant mortality rates s tetes did raise ethnic 

granted that they would use farce were.abo hi^L When it was xioirmal m indodrina, with 

^^alled for. Nor did a Great to lose <me or more 

Powerconccive oflnmtu^its use of ^^i^tanieeis for Europe-based 

forceto situations m winch genmndy m war had a So^l Forces. So neither scheme is 

“vital", interests - that is, survival - To lose a young famfly^Ur as it 

interests — were at stake. Great Paw- for imy reaMn was may seem. Still oMvreSdnot want 

mcouM remain “gjarorfy if they ^t, yet drath m ^tatro not * seriously 

were seen to be waling and aHe to -the extraordumiy “J* /ttotThas considered, let alone adopted, 
use force to protect interests far from tally ifwe can find no remedy for the 

vital, and indeed to aapnre more now pasangof the Great Powers, we will 

nanvital interests m the farm of dis- ^mmonly approve when thor learn not to see, bear or feel 

tant possessions or expansions of children deade to join muc h flat would otherwise offend 

thdr spheres of influence. forces are now apt to ^ moral sensitivities. Richer m- 

It suffices to mention the Somalia wounding ^ death as outra- habi|ants of ^ poorest countnes 
debade taedpitaled by the loss of 18 geous scandal, rather than as ] ftHrn y 0un gest childhood how 

UAsol&rs, and the hasty retteal of ocrapational hazmi to pohtriy stq> over the quadruple- 

the US. warslnp Harian County If fives ^ an^tee beggar in their path with- 

when challenged bynsmafl group of situations oSkiokingM him, as they enter a 

amedlSTtbofis, to expose the japn^ontteM^ JSamSor bank. Blindness, too. 

unreality of die Great Power concept Stalled, and we too will have 

in our own days. . to learn how to passively ignore 

The oandhioa is far from exdn- .to prevent esraJton. A Gim Pow- avoidaWc tragedies and horrific 

avdy American. Most recently, Bnt- er.if rtis to atrocities. &Jtof course the experi- 

Fninn- fnnt to mention Gcr- kdecr^angB global interests, must . n„™ a _a»„«)nwnfl shows 


MEANWHILE 

regard »^g the mails as risk-tak- 
ingactivity. I think of the mailbox 
as a slot machine. I never gamble 
on it more than I can afford to lose. 

I feed it at 29 cents a shot, wave the 
envelopes goodbye, and then place 
my bet on bow many days it wflj 
take to get to its ZIP code. 

If it gets through to anyone in 
Chicago — known since last winter 
as the black hole of mailbags — I 
fed as if I’ve won the jackpot. 

I also get mail — a lot of it — 
from around the country. I figure 
that roughly one letter in four 
must take a long circuitous route 
from, say, Oregon to Karachi to 
Minsk before it arrives on my 
d es k. The all-time record belongs 
to a large manila envelope from 
sixth-graders in Minnesota who 
were learning to write letters. By 
the time it arrived, the children 
were writing applications to col- 
lege. But they had learned their 
lesson about the mail. 

This explains why few Ameri- 
cans will be surprised to hear that 
mail delivery is getting slower 
again. The spring statistics from 
the Business Mailers Review show 
that only 82 percent of the letters 
that were supposed to arrive in 
one day actually did so. That is 
down 2 percent in one year. Only 
71 percent of the letters within 
600 miles of their destination ar- 
rived within two days — traveling 
at 13 miles an hour. As for the so- 
called three-day letters, only 77 
percent made their deadline. 

This is a record that makes the 
Ha g gl e - handling at the Rome air- 
port look like a mode! of efficiency. 


srvdy American. Most recently; Bnt- er.rfitistoprotert am^^mts^ atrocities. But of course the expen- 
ain id France (not to mention Ger- 1 9?fi cr " n W enceof Bosma-Herzegovina shows 

many) refused to risk thdr forces to mOtca^^«watoismvdnchitis ^ alread^made muc h 

resist aggression in the former Yngb-, itot coi^^ to ^L progra m that direction. 

slavia. Tbbesure.no European pow- Much canbe doneby a^P^wer prog*®* . 

erhasanyvilanmcreslsm thefortner with The writer, ; a senior fellow at the 

Yugoslavs. But that is the verves-. Center far Strategic and International 

sericebf the matter. HisUra^l d^t Studies and author of '"The Endan- 

Powers would have viewed the *smr gered American Dream,” contnbmed 

legrarion of Yugoslavia not as.a nox r maha, Hajti and “ ^comment to The Washington Post. 

kra problem tobe avraded but as an «md us Ahmger version of it will appear in the 

be exploiied.WIth*te P^ business of order- issue of Foreign Affair*. . 


( yjc CA»a I . 
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FAU- TO 





BOSNIA 



StfWtY 4 


By Ellen Goodman 

Mavbe the popular expression 
“Sriaii Mai!" is unkind, but how 
about “Any Day Now Mail” or 
“Sooner or Later Mail”? 

In my childhood, when the post 
office was “a sinkhole of political 
patronage.” s tamps cost 3 cents, 
the downtown mail was delivered 
twice a day and none of us wor- 
ried about disappearing letters. 
Now the Postal Service is going 
lean and mean, the stamp costs 29 
cents going on 32 cents, the annual 
deficit is headed to S2 billion, and 
the mail carriers worry less about 
deranged dogs than about some 
stressed -out co-worker with an Uzi. 

The pace of the world has sped 
up and the mail has slowed down. 
A whole population of “disgrun- 
tled postal customers" has fled to 
the competition. There is a middle- 


class. business-class flight from 
U.S. mail to E-mail and voice mail. 

In offices, people still send things 
to each other, but they do it by fax 
ot. if they have time to kill, by 
Federal Express. The Letters to the 
Editor column is more often the 
Faxes to the Editor column. The 
private mail service is becoming the 
modem. 

Just a few years ago, a fax came 
with an aura of urgency. Now. any- 
thing that is mail«i comes with the 
message that it can wait. 

As for the promise that the check 
is in the man, it has become the 
cynical gag tine in an era that re- 
gards mail as a way to slow the flow. 
In fact, the check — if it's a Social 
Security check or a pension check 
— is probably not in the ma i l . buL 
electronically deposited in the bank. 

As for “junk mail” the phrase is 
becoming redundant. If it’s mail, 
it’s probably junk. Only 3 or 4 


percent of the mailbag these days 
consists of letters written by peo- 
ple. More missives are written by 
computers that address us as if we 
were intimates than are written by 
friends. Our friends have learned to 
reach out and touch us by phone. 
What comes through the door prob- 
ably lands in the recycle bin. 

This is the dirty little secret of 
a deteriorating delivery system. 
The mail service we can’t count on 
is one that we won't count on. If 
vast numbers of Americans drop 
out of mass mail the way they 
dropped out of mass transit, the 
costs go up higher, the service goes 
down further, and the gap grows 
between those who have alterna- 
tives and those who do not. 

Anybody know the ZIP code for 
Postmaster General Marvin Run- 
yan? Someone ought to send him a 
letter. On second thought fax it. 

© Boston Globe Newspaper Co. 




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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Russian Forces in Estonia; Will *he Group of Seven Help? 

» .V 1 ,he Western lem. the status of retired Soviet mili- 

As the leaders of the western officers m Estonia. This is 

world come together m Naples, the b°y ^ hle tQ Estonia, for these are 

pec^leofEstoma.I^^dLiA. should be 

uama are warchmg wdi ^.‘ah^s Stwith^araiely. No counuy has 
est For the first time. Russia has o»i .rooos on the temto- 


CSU rcjl U1C 1U3V __ 

been invited to the Group of Seven 
summit meeting to participate di- 
rectly, not only in economic, but 
also in political discussions. For 
the Baltic people, and for Esto- 
nians especially, this event pro- 
vides a realistic hope to persuade 
Russians that the forma Soviet 
troops that are still stationed in 
Estonia should leave by Aug. 31. 

Estonian-Russian negotiations on 

troop withdrawal are entering their 
third year and have exhausted them- 
selves. To break the deadlock the 
Estonian president, Lennart Men, 
proposed a top-level political unset- 
tog during talks with the Russian 
foreign minister, Antta Kozyrev, m 
New Yoik last year. In May 1994, a 
second meeting between Prudent 
Men and Mr. Kozyrev was held in 
Tallinn- At a press conference al ter- 
, ward, Mr. Kozyrev once more con- 
| finned that there are no technical 
difficulties that would prevent com- 
pletion of the troop withdrawal oy 
the end of August, if agreement can 
be readied. As a result of his meet- 
ing, the negotiations were taken to 
a higher political level, but again a 
breakthrough did not materialize. 

The Russian side attaches the sgn- 

« r i . .anirnt tn another niDD- 


umi nuu . 

the right to keep troops on the temto- 
xv of another country against its wiIL 
That is why on July 9. lfe President 
Boris Yeltsin together wth rnhw 
beads of state adopted the Lbun 
document in Helsinki that called for 
the “early, orderly and complete 
withdrawal of such troops from the 
territories of the Baltic states. Smce 
there are no practical difficulties, tpe 
Russians should fulfill their commit- 
ment. Failure to do so indicates the 
lack of pofitical will to behave in an 
internationally acceptable manner. 

The way the West has met Rus- 
sia's demands, avoiding direct con- 
frontation, is probably the best way 
to avoid fuding ultranationalisi sen- 
timents there. At the same time, the 
West should have a positive pro- 
gram to deal both with Russians and 

with East Europeans. The powerful 
of this world should show with their 
dffris that East European states, 
and the Baltic states in particular, 
have demonstrated their right to be 
a pan of regular international life. 
In this regard, the visit of the U.S. 
president. Bill Ctinion, to Riga is a 
welcome expression of support for 
the Baltic states. 

The normal political climate that 

n ^ :*% maotTflO WAlllfl 




L, ® « T^e Rusaan side attaches the agn- would 

tog Of an agreement to another prob- weallparti p 


SStic rtSttto mt£ their rela- 
tions with the Russian Federation. 
At the moment, the barometer is on 
neutraL It depends largely on the 
actions of the G-7 countries whether 
it will raise to forecast good weather 
or drop to warn of a coming storm. 

IV AR TALLO. 

Tallinn, Estonia. 

77ie writer is adviser on foreign 
affairs to the president of Estonia 

The South Needs a Voice 

President Francis Mitterrand 
(“Let North and South Set a Global 
Contract, ” Opinion. July 2) correctly 
pinpoints the need lo pay more at- 
tention to the North-South issues of 
global strategic, political and eco- 
nomic policy. His three-tier pro- 
gram of development aid, mutual 
respect and inventive arrangements 
makes sense, except that it sounds 
like many of the conceptual vi- 
sions" laid out during past summit 
meetings of the Group of Seven in- 
dustrial powers. Naples will be no 
exception. The outcome of such 
meetings always has been short on 
substantial follow-up action. 

Whai Mr. Mitterrand seems to 
overlook is that the North has diffi- 
culties getting its own act together, 
and the South has no common 
voice to articulate its aspirations. 

Could the new South Africa pro- 
vide the unifying voice for the South. 


matching that of the North (whether 
NATO, the European Union, et all in 
terms of history, tradition, sophisti- 
cation and multiracial commitment? 

KARL H. PAGAC. 

London. 

His Story, foraPriee 

Regarding “ Caned Teen Wants To 
‘Share' Story" (June 23):. 

Michael Fay is quoted in this re- 
port as saying, “I want to share my 
story with the whole world.” 

Mr. Fay told a prison officer, 
Thio Kok Sing, that he intended to 
sell his story to the film director who 
offered him the highest amount, and 
That he would deal directly with 
publishers and film producers upon 
his release from prison, as he felt old 
enough to make his own decisions. 

Mr. Fay’s mother asked him for 
power of attorney to act on his .be- 
half. Mr. Fay signed it with a limita- 
tion in his own handwnting to ex- 
clude the power “io make any 
contracts or true agreements of mak- 
ing a movie or book, or anything or 
thfs nature. Also not to talk my be- 
half (sic) to publishers or producers. 

Mr. Fa/s allegations of police tor- 
ture and protestations of innocence 
will generate publicity for his story 
and help him sell it at a higher pace. 

S. B. BALACHANDRER- 
Singapore. 

77je writer is press secretary to Sin- 
gapore's home affairs minister. 


. * 

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«gcr v 


International Herald Tribune 
Wednesday , July 6, 1994 
Page 8 


STAGE /ENTERTAINMENT 


A Blosso ming of the San Francisco Ballet wo* 



By David Stevens 

International HcnM Tribune 


P ARIS— The San Francisco Ballet, at the 
Palais Gamier through Sunday on a one- 
stop trip to Europe, dates its existence 
from 1933, which makes it marginally 
the oldest American dance troupe in continuous 
existence. 


More to the point, to judge by the freshness of 
the first of its two programs here and the scope of 


valdfs evocation of the seasons, is a group of 
four bucolic divertissements, atmospheric pieces 
somewhat in the manner of Jerome Robbins's 
Chopin sets, and a useful addition to the compa- 
ny traveling kit in that it shows off the troupe’s 
depth. Tina LeBIanc and Christopher Stowefi 
made a particularly appealing and poised duo in 
Spring, and Anthony Randazzo was the vigorous 
soloist in Winter. Evelyn Cisneros in S umm er 
and Sabina Allemann and Yuri Zhukov in Au- 
tumn were the other soloists. 


its p lans for the next year — including the 
sponsoring of a new international dance festival 
next May — it is a company bursting with health 
and ambition after a decade with Helgi Tomas- 
son as artistic director and principal 
choreographer. 

The company’s close links to the creations of 
George Balanchine — Tomasson was for 13 
years a soloist with the New York City Ballet and 
his predecessor. Lew Christensen, was also a 
Balanchine dancer — was marked by the pres- 
ence of “Bugaku.” In this 1963 work, Balanchine 
captured the atmosphere of stylized Japanese 
theater while staying within his own vocabulary. 
Muriel Maffre and Ashley Wheater (respectively 
products of the ballet schools of the Paris Opera 
and London Royal Opera) were the stylish prin- 
cipal couple, and David Hays’s set design looked 
as coolly degant as ever. 

Mjm mu Tomasson’s “Le Quattro Stagioni,” set to Vi- 


. de MBle’s “Rodeo," and the score Aar- 
on Copland wrote for it, were instant hits in 1942 
and they hardly seem to have lost any appeal in a 
half centuiy, even if the charm is a bit corny and 
the shotgun marriage of square dance and ballet 
a bit dated. Joanna Berman was just right as the 
tomboy cowgirl who finally blossoms as a wom- 
an. Wendy van Dyck was her willowy rival, and 


Randazzo and David Justin were the appropri- 
ately macho frontiersmen as the Head wrangler 


and the Champion Roper. 

The second program, also of three dances, 
offers “Maelstrom,” a new choreography by 
Mark Morris; Tomasson’s “Nanna’s lied,” set 
mostly to a selection of songs by Brecht and 
Weill, and Balanchine's Gershwin ballet, “Who 


Cares?” It will be poformed Thursday through 
Sunday evenings. Remaining 


the first program are W 
Saturday afternoon. 


Formances of 
y evening and 


Cage and Cunningham: The Final Chapter 


By John Rockwell 

New York Tania Serna 


A msterdam — when the 

composer John Cage died in 
1992, one major project re- 
mained undone from his half- 
century of collaboration with the chore- 
ographer Metre Cunningham. Now that 
final stone in the arch of their work is in 
place, and it is beautiful to behold. 

The piece is called “Ocean,” and it 
had its first performances in Brussels in 
May before it was transferred to the 
Musiektheater here as part of the Hol- 
land Festival. Then it’s on to S3o Paolo, 
Brazil, in August, with other perfor- 
mances under negotiation hither and 
yon. although not New York City, where 
the two men based their creative lives. 

“Ocean” lasts 90 minutes precisely; 
the time is counted off silently and inex- 
orably on red digital monitors surround- 
ing the centra] performing space. 

“Surround” is the operative word 
here. Cunningham has worked in the 
round before, but in “Ocean,” as he put 
it, “this is a further extension of that.” 
He and Cage conceived the piece as 
the ul timate circuslike experience, circus 
being a thread that snaked through 


many of their works: dancers on a round 
stage at the center with the surrounding 
audience, and a large orchestra plus 
electronic sound surrounding everyone. 


The piece had been planned for a 
Cage-Joyce festival in Zurich in 1991, 


but no suitable space could be found. 
Then Cu nningham was entranced by the 
spectacularly quainL, 19th-century 
Cirque dUivur in Paris, but that arena 
proved hard to come by. Finally 
“Ocean” saw the light in the recently 
refurbished Cirque Royale in Brussels. 

For Amsterdam, an in-the-round feel- 
ing had to be simulated within a conven- 
tional opera house. A round platform 
was built out over the orchestra pit, with 
seats on the stage as well as out front 
The 112 musicians sat all around, as 
required It wasn’t quite a circus, but it 
filled the bill and sounded terrific. 

The title comes because the mytholo- 
gisl Joseph Campbell once speculated 
that had Joyce lived to write something 
after “Finnegans Wake,” it would have 
been about water and the ocean. But 
without Cage, Cunningham had doubts 
that the piece could be properly realized 
He was persuaded by the enthusiasm of 
Benedicte Pesle, his longtime Paris 
agent, as well as Andrew Culver, Cage's 


assistant from 1981, who convinced him 
that the score could be created in a way 
that Cage would have approved 

Cage and Culver had discussed the 
piece, but all Culver had to work with 
were the basic ideas, including the num- 
ber 19, chosen as an organizing principle 
because “Finnegans Wake” has 17 sec- 
tions and “Ulysses” 18. But Culver had 
something else: an imm ersion in Cage’s 
way of working, his mysterious ability, 
shared by Cunningham, to randomize 
key aesthetic choices with the I Ching 
and the computer, yet to retain a palpa- 
ble sense of personal involvement. 


quality to the underlying musical and 
choreographic abstraction. Culver’s or- 
chestral music has the calm of dm dear 
about it. Tudor’s electronic music is 


overtly graphic, full of watery gurgles 
and fishy swisht 



C UNNINGHAM (and Culver, 
David Tudor, who did the 
electronic score, and Marsha 
Skinner, the costumes and 
lights) have created something that is 
both a summation and an innovation. 
The summation is self-evident; as Cun- 
ningham put it when asked if this could 
truly be called the final work in the 
Cage-Cunnicgtuun canon: “1 suppose 
so; there aren’t going to be any more." 
Culver's music sounds agreeably Ca- 
geian, with a sense of benediction as 
well, full of organlike sustained notes. 
What is new is an overtly pictorial 


ly swishes and grunts and the 
puttering of a ship's motor. 

Skinner's skintight costumes, fre- 
quently changed, make the dancers look 
Hke denizens of the deep, as does the 
rippling blue-green li ghting . 

The choreography, too, while ordered 
at key moments by chance procedures, 
has a wonderfully aquatic and somehow 
deeply human quality. And the move- 
ments, mostly small groupings Until just 
before the end, when all 15 dancera 
appear together, allude to human rela- 
tions and even to emotions in ways rare- 
ly so apparent in Cunningham's work. 

Perhaps such associations have al- 
ways been present; the beauty of cho- 
reographic abstraction is that the hu- 
man body forestalls any hint of 
ririmiraniMtinn Yet here, with his 


Mfcfcact Le Po*» Tnmcb 


Topol as Tevye and Sara Kestebnan as Golde in ‘Tiddler on the Roof. " 


Child’s Puzzle, for Adults 


By Sheridan Moiiey 

■ International Herald Tribune 


on the mnlfg have recently tried to justify laying 


group Of collaborators, C unningham 
has ere 


created both an unusually beautiful 
work of an and a fitting valedictory for 
John Cage. 


. . - 



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SHORT CUTS 


• DAVID BYRNE (Luaka 
Bop/ Sire): The first epony- 
mous album by the ex-Talkmg 
Head with the art school educa- 
tion and musics-of-the-world 
bent. Haring been influenced 
by performance art, Kabuki 
theater and evangelistic preach- 
ing. Byrne started a record label 
called Luaka Bop that mixed 
African and European tradi- 
tions (“Affopca," he calls it) 
and songs with Latin beats, 
funk and r egg ae rhythms and a 
rock edge. Find all the above 
dements steeped in angst on the 
well-tooled punky Brecht-Live- 
at-CBGB’s style “David 
Byrne." Byrne's friend the film- 
maker Jonathan Demme says 


it’s about “sex, nudity, love, vi- 
olence, innocence, death, es- 
cape, America and the world.” 
For Byrne, it’s “about how I 
live and how I relate to other 
people." For us, it’s about lis- 
tening to this album over and 
over again for a long while. 


• WALLACE RONEY, MLs- 
tferios (WB): I get letters plead- 
ing, “Enough! Let him rest in 
gace.” But the legacy of^Milcg 

must, for example, deal with 
Miles done Wallace Roney who 
is a major new player. Accom- 
panied by a cozy chamber or- 
chestra, Roney's cool trumpet 
covers material by Lennon and 


McCartney, Egbert© Gismonti, 
Astor Piazzolla, Dolly Parton 
and Jaco Pastoiius. Lore Miles, 
he mdds diverse personalities 
into his own sweet way. Son of 
“Sketches of Spain.” 

• THE SPLENDID MAS- 
TER GNAWA MUSICIANS 
OF MOROCCO WITH RAN- 
DY WESTON (Verve): Jazz pi- 
anist, composer and cultural 
ambassador Weston explores 
an ancient layer of African cul- 
ture. He accompanies singing, 
hand-dapping and traditional 
string ana percussion instru- 
ments in search of “divine de- 
ments missing from today's mu- 
sic. Whal are musicians but 
God’s instruments?” 


L ONDON —David Mamet’s “The Cryp- 
togram" offers what its title promises, a 
senes of puzzles, one of which is why the 
producers allowed duamsdves to be but 
lied by the Ambassadors Theatre into imposing a 
totally pointless and destructive interval (presum- 
ably in the interests of bar profits) 20 minotes into 
a play that lasts barely another 60. 

Tne next puzzle is whether or not “The Crypto- 
gram” is autobiographical. An ingenuous program 
note suggests that the director, Greg Mosher, 
never bothered to ask, but since the centraL figure 
is a small boy in Chicago at about the time Mamet 
was, the odds would seem strong cm memoir. 

And that is about the best justification far the 
piece. It is neither a debate Hke “Oleaxma” doc a 
dream like “Glengarry Glen Ross,” but instead a 
memory piece not imKIne Arthur Miller’s “The 
Price.” The boy has a mother (recently deserted by 
bis father) and a gay neighbor. These three make 
up the entire company, and although there’s a 
fatal lack of dramatic energy, what holds the 
attention is the way that everything is seen and 



Like all the best of Rattigan, “The Browning 
Version” is atout unreqmtea love and the terrors 


BEST-SELLERS 


Mike Zwerin, IHT 


Wortecs or Richard Claxten). He akme still has a 
handle on the truth, still knows that things not 
dear now wfll become dear later if only his hold 
on the truth can be maintained. The two adults 
(Eddie Izzard and Lindsay Duncan) have lost 
that, and are left with the consequences of the lies 
they have tdd to keep themselves going. 

“The Cryptogram” is that simple, and that 
complex: Adults deal in bad faith, children will 
listen. There are haunting fragments here of a 
boyhoodgone wrong. The dark at the top of the 
stain is where thebqy comes from, and where he; 
returns. 

For those of us who believe that “The Brown- 
ing Version” is among the dozen greatest plays 
written in Britain in this century, the great news 
from Greenwich is that it is still by Terence 
Rattigan. No “concept” here, no attempt to 
make it “relevant” to the ’90s by which directors 


of -sexuality. Its central figure is “The Crock,” 
Andrew Qocker-Harris, a failed schoolmaster 
who on the brink of forced retirement is given 
Browning’s “A gamemn on” translation (which 
forms the title) by a schoolboy hoping for a 
better grade. ■ 

Here, Clive Menison wonderfully suggests a 
Mr. Drip who has beeopidded in his own add 
despair at the way his hfe, his c ar eer and his 
marriage have been internally destroyed. Diana 
Hardcastle is the killer wife, Ton Matthews the 
treacherous pupil -and Christopher Godwin the 
lethal headmaster. 

Seen without its usual curtain-raiser, “Harie- 
<pnnade, ”thi sisaravagcahdMIIiairi80xninutes. 

Whtti fWfcr’tfB fl i cT toofft opencdinLon- 
don in 1967, Topol, in his first turn as Tevye. was 
in his early 30s. Now, almost 30 years later, he’s 
about the right age for the role he is again playing 
at the. Palladium He is stiQ just, wonderfm, 
though the production around him has fallen 
about at the seams. Sara Kestehnanis a powerful 
new Golde, but the rest of the cast and the sets 

look eerily reminiscent of d’Oyiy Carte after 
about a hundred yean of low-budget touring 
, By .de m a ndi ng that the production should 
look exactly as it did an Broadway 30 years ago, 
the Tiddler” management has fiddled itself into 
acamer. 


The recent re thinking bi Te ndon of “Carfflisf)" 
and on Broadway cf T>amn Yankees”^ would 
suggest that a change of .choreographer every 
decade or so ought not be a bad idea, at least if 
that choreographer (in this instance Jerome Rob- 
bins)^ unavailable to get the show back on Its feet 
for every international staring The result here is 
of Toped center stage and the rest of the company 
b acking away from inm, rfaiinteri by his dicer 
expertise at every nuance of the show. 


For investment inforniafion 

read THE MONEY REPORT 
every Saiurday in the IHT 


The New York Times 

This bn a bated on reports from more than 
2JXD bookstores throngfeoci *e Unisod Sows. 
Weeks on fist we not nertsjarih consecutive. 


Curtis Tavtor 


Tte 

W*dk 


FICTION 


3 THE BOOK OF VIRTUES, 

by WiUhra J. Barnett 

4 STANDING FIRM, by Dan 
Quay* 


Lm Wafa 
Wk ML* 


5 D-DAY. JUNE 6, 1944, by 


Stephen EL Ambrose _ 
6BEYON 


THE CHAMBER, by John 
Grisham 


OND PEACE, by Rich- 
ard Nixon 


2 THE CELESITNE PROPHE- 
CY. byJames RedBdd 
ECRC 


3 THE CROSSING, by Gormac 


7 DAVE BARRY IS NOT 
MAKING THIS UP, by Dave 


2 60 
5 28 
4 7 

3 4 

7 7 


THANK YOU FOR 
SMOKING 


McCarthy — 

4 INCA GOLD. 


Cluster 


by CKve 


5 THE ALIENIST, by Caleb 
Carr 


6 REMEMBER ME. by Mary 


Higgins Clark 
7 THE B1 


8 MIDNIGHT IN THE GAR- 
DEN OF GOOD AND EVIL, 
i John Berendt 


By Christopher Buckley. 272 
pages. $22. Random Bouse. $22. 


BRIDGES OF MADI- 
SON COUNTY, by Robert 
James Walla 


by Jo t 

9 The 


HALDEMAN DIA- 


RIES. by H. R. Haldane 
WALL MY 


OCTOBERS, by 
Mickey Mantle with Mickey 
HersbowiE 


6 17 
8 5 


Reviewed by Christopher 
i-Hai 


II REHA: My Story, by Reba 
i Carter 


8 OH. THE PLACES YOU'LL 


GO!, by Dr. Seoss 
3UA 


9 ©-SQUARED, by Peter Da- 
vid 


19 THE FIST OF GOD. by Fred- 
erick Forsyth 10 

DAY AI 


99 

137 

2 


McEnthre with Tom 

12 LIFE OF THE PARTY, by 

Christopher Ogden 

13 OLDSONGS IN A NEW 


12 2 
10 9 

13 3 


CAFE, by Robert James Wal- 
ler 


U THE DAY AFTER TOMOR 

Folsom 

by John Saa- 


ROW. by Allan Folsom 

HT PREY. i 


12 NIG! 
ford _ 


13 THE WATERWORKS, by E. 
L. Doaonnr . 


IS 


14 DISCLOSURE by Michael 

Crichton 


15 MISTRESS. 
Quick _____ 


BY Amanda 


- 8 


M SOUL MATES, by Thomas 
Moore 


15 SAVED BY THE LIGHT. by 
Danmoo Brinkley with Paul 
Perry 


9 12 
14 25 


Lehmann-Haupt 

H OW often have you heard 
about flacks from the to- 
bacco industry smoothly inrist- 
ing that there's still no proven 
connection between smoking 
and disease, and asked yourself 
in outrage, “How can they live 
with themselves?” 

Well, Christopher Buckley 
supplies some answers in his 
savagely funny new satirical 
farce, “Thank You for Smok- 


ADVJCE, HOW-TO 
AND MISCELLANEOUS 


mg,” a novel so timely that ; 


ay mat you 
have to wonder if Buckley has 


1 IN THE KITCHEN WITH 


ROSIE by Rosie Daley 

)M Mars. 


NONFICTION 


1 THE AGENDA, by Bob 
Woodward 


2 MEN AilE FROM 
WOMEN ARE FROM VE- 
NUS. by John Gray 


10 


recent 


2 EMBRACED BY THE 
LIGHT, by BeuyJ.Eadfc with 


3 MAGIC EYE a by N. E 

Thing Enterprises 

4 MAGIC EYE by N. E Thing 

Enterprises 


; 58 mst 


been orchestratinj 
events in tobacco-land. 
Buckley’s fictional protago- 
t is Nick 


enough with the knowledge that 
he works for an industry that 
kills 1,200 human beings a. day. 

But, as he says to one audi- 
ence of “health professionals,” 
“Ifs always been my closely 
held belief that with an issue as 
complex as ours, whal we need 
is not mane talking ABOUT 
each other, but more talking TO 
each other.” 

After all, theright to smoke is 
an issue of freedom, ami “if we 
go tampering with the bedrock 
prinriples that our founding fa- 
thers hud down, many of whom 
youT recall, were themselves 
tobacco farmers, just for the 
sake Of mrinlging a lot of frank- 
ly unsdentific speculation, then 
we’re placing at ride not only 
our own freedoms, but those of 
our children, and our children's 
children.” 


chief 


3 10 


Naylor, 
spokesman for the Washington^ 


When challenged to e» pi*m 


4 24 


Academy of Tobacco 
Studies. He lives blithely 


such stunning non 
admits that 


Nick admits that he does his job 
because “it pays the mortgage” 
and his son’s tuition. 


When debating on “Night- 
line” with a senator from Ver- 
mont about to introduce legis- 
lation requiring cigarette 
packages to be labeled with 
skulls and crossbones, Nick de- 
mands that “the same warnin g 
labels” be put “an those deadly 
chunks of solid, low-density li- 
poprotein that go by the name 
of Vermont Cheddar cheese.” 
And when challenged to 
come up with a new wot of 
inspiring people to smoke, Nick 
dreams up the idea of getting 
movie actors to smoke a gain 
He flies to Los Anodes and 
meets with Jeff Megan, who is 
not only “the driving fores be- 
hind product placement” but 
also makes it sound “although 
product placement was crucm] 
to character development.” 
What keeps you reading’ 
Buckley’s mordant gag* is a 
wacky plot built around Nick’s 
abduction by anti-smoking ter- 
rorists who try to loll him by 
covering bis body with nicotine 


patches, and around a jealous 
superiors attempts to turn 
Nick’s plight a g ai n s t hfm 
But what keeps you . 
headed is Bocldey’s inq 
commentary on American huwv- 
sterism and the pervasiv eness in 
the culture of a product whose 
main effects are . disease 
death. 


and 


Sma 


ly, “Thank You for 
may seem even-hand- 
both the tobacco 
so-called nieo- 



edby 

industry and 

Puritans and fascists who want 
smoking banned. But to read the 
two positions as balanced is to 


accept the tobacco lobby’s out- 
look: 


The true target of Buckley’s 
Swiftian barbs is the attitude 
that perfect liberty'. constitutes 
the right to make a profit no 
matter who pays for it, even at 
of life itself. 


the cost 


Christopher -Lehmann-Haupt 
ur on the staff of The New York 
Times. - 


CALLING ONE FOREIGN COUNTRY 


COUNTRIES 


ACCESS NUMBERS 


FROM ANOTHER 


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Iitfematbnal Herald Tribune, Wednesday. July 6, 1994 


ABB Gets 


Orders 

Pouter-Plant Deal 
Put at $4 Billion 


Industrial Sectors 


Energy 107S7 10727 +06S CapMQoodi 11232 IlliS ^096 

U BWei 11B.7B 11097- -0-15 ****** 12 177 12090 -011, 

Rnmce 117J3 117 37 +039 Q «MMr6ood» 96.17 97J7 40^ 

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, ewomrfoiiNHwWTrtww 


BONN — China signed pre- 
Hminaiy agreements Tuesday 
with the. German electrical en- 
gineering unit of . the Swiss- 
Swedish engineering concern 
ABB Asca Brown Boveri Ltd., 
and industry analysts said the 
accord for five power stations 
could be worth $4 billion. 

The company said it expect- 
ed orders from China to reach 
SI billion this year. 

of intent to build 
power plants and upgrade exist- 
ing ones, as well as to set op a 
joint venture to make electric 
locomotives, were signed on the 
stiCTj jnd day of a visit to Germa- 
ny by a delegation led by Prime 
Minister U Peng of China. 

The German unit of ABB, 
which now faces tough negotia- 
tions with Beijing to Run letters 
of intent into firm orders, said 
the power projects involved 
' dectritity-generaxing capacity 
sufficient to supply more than 4 
million people. 

The announcement followed 
Germany's agreement on Mon- 
day to help China modernize its 
transport and tdecommumca- 
tions networks, which could 
eventually produce billions of 
dollars in orders for Western 
companies. 

Meanwhile, the issue of hu- 
man-rights abuses in China has 

? layed only a small ride in Mr. 
i*s tour of Germany. Dispirit- 
ed human-rights groups said 
Tuesday that bDUon-doDar con- 
tracts promising jobs for Ger- 
. mwng had persuaded a reces- 
sion-weary public hot to care. 

But Foreign Minister Klaus 
Kinkei, who had vowed to ad- 
dress the rights issue “massively 
and dearly,” handed Mr. li a 
list of dissidents who he said 
■ -Bonn was concerned about. 
: (Reuters, Bloomberg) 


Will the Fed Move Again? 

General Expectation Is: Not This Week 


By Robert D. Hersbey Jr. 

Vfw York Tuna Service 

WASHINGTON — Federal Reserve poli- 
cymakers, who began an eagerly awaited 
meeting Tuesday afternoon, wg probably de- 
ride after long and spirited debale that the 
economy is slowing enough so that no imme- 
diate raise in short-term interest rates is re- 
a aired. i_ 

' This is the view— not a consensus so much 

as a Wend of opinion that masks sharp dis- 
agreement — that emerecd from the com- 
ments erf analysts on Wall Street and else- 
where in the private sector. 

Such an outcome would mean denying the 
dollar — which has been battered of late. 


ana American mvo m auv 
But defense of the dollar is not often a high 
priority for the Federal Reserve, and the Clin- 
ton administration, which calls the shots on 
the dollar, so far has made no serious move to 
shore up the currency in advance of a meeting 
of the Group of Seven industrial countries in 
Naples at the end of the week. 

grin, as analysts anticipated the two-day 
session of the Federal Open Market Commit- 
tee that will plot monetary strategy for the 
next six weeks and set tentative targets for 
1995 they said they would not be surprised 
by an increase later this month or at the next 
mating of the committee on Aug. 16. 

Such a rise could come if the economy 
continues to be thought likely to expand fast- 
er than is justified by its long-term potential, 
or should inflation — or the expectation of 
inflat ion — rise. . 

The Fed could also be moved to act if the 
dollar plunges in an unarrested slide. A weak 


dollar aggravates inflation, probably more 
than import volume suggests, analysts say. 

But for now. another force tending to keep 
the central bank on hold until Friday at least 
is that it is not until then that a key batch of 
economic statistics, the Labor Department s 
monthly survey of jobs, unemployment, 
wages sn d hours, will be published. ^ 

The unemployment rate — in this instance, 
for June — is considered a backward-looking 

Some Fed-watchers would 
not be surprised by a rate 
increase later in July or in 
August. 

indicator, and the Federal Reserve is particu- 
larly interested these days in looking forward 
in order to head off inflation before it be- 
comes evident. 

But analysts will be watching intently to see 
whether the four- tenths of a point drop m 
May, to 6 percent, will be sustained. 

the committee meetings that start Tuesday 
will also be the first in which Alan Blinder, 
the Princeton economics professor who has 
just been sworn in as vice chairman of the 
Federal Reserve Board, will participate. 

Mr. Blinder has been serving on the presi- 
dent’s Council of Economic Advisers, and 
anal ysts expect his influence, though proba- 
bly not immediately visible, will tend toward 
holding rates steady. 

“I would say no,” said Barry Rogstad, an 
economist who is president of the American 
Business Conference, of the prospect of a rate 
rise this week. “I*m just not seeing where 
there's inflation potential there.” 


Texaco to Sell 
300 Oil Fields 
And Cut Jobs 


CamfHkdty Ov Soft From Dupauhn 
NEW YORK —Texaco Inc. 
said Tuesday it would sell half 
of its U.S. oil and natural gas 
fields and cut S300 million in 
costs by eliminating 2,500 jobs, 
or 8 percent of its global work 
force, over the next year. 

The r emaining U.S. oil fields 
account for more than 90 per- 
cent of the company’s profit 
and production. 

A spokesman said he did not 
know bow much money the 
company hoped to realize from 
trading or selling half of its 
more than 600 U.S. sites, add- 
ing that Texaco had not yet de- 
termined how many job cuts 
would be through layoffs, attri- 
tion or early retirements. 

Texaco has already eliminat- 
ed 13 percent of its global work 
force in the past two years. 

Texaco’s move reflects a 
trend by US. oil companies to- 
ward emphasizing foreign oper- 
ations, where opportunities for 
splint growth and new oil finds 
are perceived as better. 

A week ago, Los Angeles- 
based Unocal Corp. said n was 
considering the sale of its Cali- 
fornia oQ and natural gas pro- 
ducing properties so that it 
could better pursue foreign pro- 
jects, especially in Asia. 


Texaco is shifting its focus 
from aging domestic produc- 
tion sites toward more promis- 
ing oil and gas ventures in file 
United States and abroad, in- 
cluding sites such as the North 
Sea and the Tarim Basin in Chi- 
na. 

“We have arrested the de- 
cline in U.S. production, while 
increasing production by some 
25,000 barrels per day interna- 
tionally,” said Texaco chairman 
and chief executive Alfred C. 
DeCrane Jr., referring to crude 

ofl OUtpUL 

The company also said it is 
streamlining its refining and 
marketing operations in Europe 
and Latin America, and is re- 
ceiving bids for the sale of its 
interest in refining and market- 
ing operations in Nigeria and 
other African countries. 

Texaco said it will report a 
SI 65 million charge in the sec- 
ond quarter for layoffs, proper- 
ty write-downs and other ex- 
penses. . 

William Randol, an oil in- 
. dustry analyst at Salomon 

i Brothers, said Texaco “is trying 

. to show investors it can do 
. more” regarding cost-cutting. 
i Texaco stock was up 87.5 
. cents at S61 in afternoon trad- 
ing. (AP. Reuters, Bloomberg) 


China Sets Up Barm 


By Kevin Muiphy 

International Herald Tribute 

HONG KONG — China will 
clamp down on co-productions 
between domestic and foreign 
filmmakers and restrict foreign 

film imports to less than a third 
of its burgeoning movie market, 
an official newspaper reported 
Tuesday. 

The measures come as Ber- 
ing is pushing bard to join the 
General Agreement on Tariffs 
and Trade on preferential terms 


and while it tries to avoid a 
trade clash with the United 
States over the protection of in- 
tellectual property. 

A spokeswoman for the Mo- 
tion Picture Association of 
America said that China al- 
ready has a “shadowy, unwrit- 
ten system of quotas” for im- 
ported films, videos and 
television. 

The official China Daily said 
that the Ministry of Radio. 
Film and Television was now 


drafting rules that would limit 
the number of co-productions 
between local and international 
filmmakers to 30 each year. 

The minist ry, which has seen 
several Chinese-made films win 
international acclai m despite 
bans or limitations at home, 
hopes to surrender only 30 per- 
cent of the overall domestic Film 

market to foreign imports. 

“The move is part of recent 
government efforts to protect 
and develop the national movie 


industry,” said Li Wenbin, a 
ministry official, in the China 
Daily report. 

Beijing's battle to keep for- 
eign programming out has in- 
tensified despite signs that 
many Chinese viewers are wil- 
ing to break the law to watch 
Western programs by using un- 
authorized satellite reception 
dishes. 

Seven leading Chinese film- 
makers were banned from their 
craft earlier this year for direct- 


ing movies judged ideologically 
too sensitive by the ruling Com- 
munist party. # 

A co-winner of Cannes 
Palme d'Or award, Chen 
Kaige's “Farewell My Concu- 
bine,” has had only limited ex- 
posure in China, and then only 
after cuts by censors. 

Beijing is also seeking to bol- 
ster its control over the Final 
version of films that are co-pro- 

See FILM, Page 10 


mem A MARKETS 



OOt 


By Dan Stashower 

'■-JW York Tbms Sente - 

-W QNDON— Kgfqolhasyetjo.grari! 
m an interview, bat The Fo rtean 

I Thn^aBgtiAjopnufiof 

1 -J phenomena, has ^ been uadangBu 
moveanemsfor more than 2 0 yems .lt h^abo 
been keeping tabs on the Abominable Snow- 
man, two-beaded cows and flyingcats. 

But the magazine, published every two 
months, does not see itself ;» a 
tabloid, even if it is the only 

leaders a free “afiea ddfensekit, 
guaranteed to flash red at the approach of 
extraterrestrial beings. 

With a cover price of 54-95, The Fortean 

Times reports 

happenings and scientific oddities whoever 
they mlEfat occur, from outer space to the 
StyXths of Lodi Ne» 
vides room for scientists and otheKtc®^^ 
XSr doubts about the reports— and it never 
takes itsdf too seriously. 

“We try to keep a sense of humor a bojrt4“ 
this,” add Bob Rickard, its 
tnr “We present the material without f orcing 

onr own agenda. We want to urge pcqjkg 
-tot not ^t&phraso 

goes, so open that your brain faDs 

^om its start in 1973 

•HS— mmtrnn wotMwHte, mud* 
taASSiS^ntorpnrt, The. Info 

SSsSSra; 


saucers and what he called “mysterious pre- 

rC ^fcF^^H^ m^l932, always wanted 
the scientific worid-to take itself with a gram 

of salt. „ , 

“TEvery science is a mutilated octopus, ne 
once wrote in a typically vivid style. “If its 
tentades were not dipped to stumps, it would 
fed its way into disturbing contacts. 

To mark the 21st birthday of The Fortean 
Tunes, Mr. Rickard and his colleagues were 
hosts for a recent two-day “Celebration of the 
Stxangd* at the University of London, me 
event drew about 1,000 people 
“If s s omething we\e wanted to do tor 
some time,” Mr. Rickard said. "These people 
have never been gathered together m one 

^^eM^Wpants, many of whom call them- 
selves Forteans, swapped stories about pol- 
tergeists and the Bermuda Triangla They also 
attended lectures on topics hke ahen abduc- 
tion and spontaneous human combustion 

But sikep tics were also given their say. ‘Td 
have been disappointed rf they brought in 
only the truebSevers and proponents, ^ said 
Joe fTickelL an English professor who is also a 
Dmbffof the Committee far Scientific In- 
vestigation of Claims of the PymiarmaL He 
cheerfully assumed the role of debunker m 
the htrman combustion debate. 

Today, Mr. Rickard and bis co-editor, Paul 
Sujveking, carry on Mr. Fort s work m the 
pages ^ of their magazine, bnngmg wit and 
audition to outlandish subject matter. 

“Chinese Mouse Takes Revenge, reads 
one headline. “UFO Spotters Not Insane — 
Official,” prod aims another. Recent issues 
reported on flying goats and giant pengums- 


Wellfleet 
To Join With 
SynOptics 

Compiled by Om Staff From Dripatdta 

SANTA CLARA, California 

Wellfleet Communications 

Inc. and SynOptics Communi- 
cations Inc. said Tuesday they 
had agreed to merge in a stock 
swap valued at $1-03 billion. 

The merger would create one 
of the largest suppliers of com- 
puter network equipment, with 
combined revenue of more than 
$1 billion a year. 

Under terms erf the deal, Syn- 
Optics shareholders will receive 
0.725 shares of Wellfleet stock 
for every share they own. Also, 
each of the parties has granted 
the other an option to buy, in 

certain circumstances, a num- 
ber of shares of the other com- 
pany’s stock equal to 15 percent 
erf its shares outstanding. 

Wellfleet, based in Billerica, 
Massachusetts, is a vendor erf 
information networking prod- 
ucts and related services. 

In its 1993 financial year, 
Wellfleet had net income of 
$27.8 million on revenue of 

5180.1 million. In the first six 
months of its current year, reve- 
nue more than doubled to 

5 160.1 milli on. 

SynOptics, based in Santa | 
Clara, had net income of $75.9 
million in 1993 on revenue of 
$704.5 millioa. (Knigkt-Rldder, 
Bloomberg) 


CURRENCY A INTEREST RATES 


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5Lrt«L«li»Hla» modriwrt 143 


Dollar . D-Mark F?S Sterltav Franc Ym ECU 

lawtb 4tWH «« 10 T^ /tn 

St, 4^4-h 44W 4V!.<flk 5*WS*. S-2M. 

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CaUnwntT ™ S 

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Cfir 748 JJ1 , 

Source*: Reuters, Bloomberg, Morrill 
Lrtutir Bont of Tot vo, C ommor xbant, 
Gf*4fl»va Mortaoc. a*st L formats. 


fijA. PM. CVn 
ZUrfCb 3B77S 387J5 +040 

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NOW York 389.10 38650 " 1JB 

UA Bettors per ounce. LoruSan offiriotfbi- 

tusiZuriai ana Ue» trio* oponttBoaticioo - 1 

menaces: New York Comex tAummll 
Seem: RtHMfs. 


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V 


Page 10 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JULY 6, 1994 



MARKET DIARY 


Stocks Edge Higher 
As Fed Jitters Loom 


Conpiled by Oar Staff From DapackBS 

NEW YORK — Share prices 
edged higher Tuesday, bat the 
market got off to a slow start 
after the Independence Day 
holiday Monday, especially 
amid concerns about the out- 
come of a Federal Reserve 
Board policy-making meeting. 

The Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage closed 5.83 points higher 
at 3 . 652 . 48 . 

Advancing and declining is- 
sues were roughly even, and 


U-S. Stocks 


volume on the Big Board to- 
taled 193 million shares, down 
from 197.19 million on Friday. 

The bond market also 
chalked up mild gains on re- 
newed buying that dealers at- 
tributed largely to technical fac- 
tors. The 30 -year Treasury 
bond’s yield slipped to 7.59 per- 
cent in late trading from 7.61 
percent on Friday. 

Although there has been 
speculation Lhal the Federal 
Open Market Committee might 
lean toward raising interest 
rates again to keep inflation at 


bay and prop up the dollar, 
many analysis expect the panel 


to maintain a steady policy 
course for the immediate fu- 


ture. Results of the meeting, 
which began Tuesday, may in 
any event not be known for sev- 
eral weeks. 

Traders noted that the inves- 
tors were also wary of new com- 
mitments because key labor sta- 
tistics due on Friday may 
rekindle inflation fears. 

Texaco, rebounding from a 
52 -week low set Friday, closed 
□p Vt at 60 K on plans for a 
restructuring that anil cut 2^500 
jobs. 

Other oil shares were also 
given a boost Mobil gained 1 % 
to 82 %, Chevron added Vt to 
42 %, and Royal Dutch Petro- 
leum jumped 2 % to 107 %. 

Boeing climbed % to 4714 af- 
ter it said it delivered 67 com- 
mercial jet transports in the sec- 
ond quarter. 

Caterpillar rose 1 % to 101 %, 
but dealers cautioned that the 
share remained volatile as the 
company battled with the ef- 
fects of a strike. 

Parallan Computer fell 1 % to 
4 % after the company saiu it 
faced losses for the rest of the 
year because it would no longer 
get guaranteed revenue from 
International Business Ma- 
chines. (AP, Bloomberg, Reu- 
ters) 


Yio Anobowti Pres 


July 5 


[The Dow 





'J, x ! “ s h 





Dollar Down Slightly 
As Fed Opens Meeting 


Compiled by Oar Staff From Dtipatdm 

NEW YORK — The dollar 
was slightly lower against other 
major currencies in light, quiet 
trading as market awaited news 


Foreign Exchange 


from the Federal Open Market 
Committee, which b egan its 
two-day meeting Tuesday. 

Traders said there was no 
dear-cut market sentiment re- 
garding the decision the policy- 
setting arm of the Federal Re- 
serve Board would take at the 
meeting — to leave the federal 
funds rate unchanged at 4.25 
percent or raise it by 25 or by 50 
basis points in response to a 
healthy economy and a slump- 
ing dollar. 

This uncertainty was keeping 
key players on the sidelines, 
with one large seller of dollars 
for marks depressing the U.S. 
currency against the European 
currencies early in the session. 

The growing expectation that 
even if the Fra opts to tighten 
short-term rates for the fifth 
time this year it will limit any 
increase to 25 basis points. 


This, combined with Japanese 
and Goman participants play- 
ing down any attempt to 
strengthen the dollar at this 
weekend's Group of Seven 
meeting in Naples, Italy, could 
see the dollar fall to around 1.56 
Deutsche marks toward the end 
of the week or shortly after the 
G- 7 , analysts said. 

But some analysts said the 
markets' true reaction to the 
outcome of the Fed meeting 
would not be evident until the 
release of the U.S. June non- 











IHT 

NYSE Most Actives 


VOL Ktab 

LOW 

Lost 

a»*. 

IBM 


56U 

56V4 

—16 

pbwK 

22606 304* 

3DH 

30V* 


Skews 

re irj»r r .n 

16 

161* 


GertBs 


461* 

461* 

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RJRNeto 

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516 

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16353 534* 

SW 41 

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WalMort 

16037 24tt 

24 

2414 

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471* 

491* 

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14864 269* 

251* 

261* 


Motortas 

14748 451b 

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44 V* 

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14113 XV* 




Baxter 

1206 27 

26V* 

26 V* 

+ M 

Oinnk 

I240B 47 

46’A 

46V* 

—4* 

TeSMax 

12153 5546 

55V. 

S5VV 


NASDAQ Most Actives 


VOL Htsb 

Law 

Last 

Cha. 

WeMIs 

67879 239* 

199* 

20Vm 

— Wn 

KnwfW 

31258 5V4 

2 V 6 

21 * 


Synoptic 

31086 17Vh 

141* 

14% 

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dscos 

26470 231* 

221 * 

23*Ym 

— W 

Mlcsfts 


49 

47V* 

—IV* 

Trlcard 


49* 

5V4 

— 9k 

PerSpIv 

18313 IS 

UM 

11 

—416 


11095 50 'A 

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16072 231* 

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5714 

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ftosfef* 

15364 35 Vj 

331* 

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199* 


Orodex 

■ - T Iro 

37V* 

3716 

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16 

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131> 

14 

- 

AMEX Most Actives 


VoL Htota 

Low 

Last 

a*. 

XCLLM 

9338 10u 

lVe 

11 * 


Vlocmri 

as» jv 1 

5 

5 

-V* 

CheySfts 

7207 85* 

sya 

81* 

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3BZ31 

3471 416, 
3305 IVi 

4 

4 

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Amt « 

3031 Stt 

SK 

5V. 

—V* 

Hasbro 

2883 291* 

29 

291* 

—9* 

ENSOOS 





EchoBav 

2638 l(H6 

ibi* 

101* 

—if* 

ViocB 

2216 31 Vs 

31 u 

31V* 

♦ Ml 

Market Satos 


Today 

turn. 

NYSE moo 

Afflex 11.11 

Nasdaq 18303 

tomttllons. 


ZSfSS 

UM 

201.07 


Dow Jones Avera ges 


oh Men low Last Os. 


Indus 3640.18 3667 JO 30629 365248 +583 
T>w* 160780 161087 160037 W -074 
U 1 B 17825 17063 177 JO 17007 -007 
Cwnp 127649 12&244 1275.17 12 ) 7.75 -09 


Stan da rd A Peer's Indies 


industrials 

TranspL 

U flBtteS 

Finance 

SP 50 O 

SPIN 


HW 
5309 
31786 
154 JM 
408 
44787 
41 X 70 


LOW 
51784 
38525 
1 53.11 
4442 
445.14 
41889 


Ctese Ofti 
51980 +036 
38629 — U 8 
15 X 59—845 
4 U 0 +087 
44037 + 0.17 
41282 — 037 


NYSE Indexes 


Wgh Um Lost Ctag. 


ComoosBe 

industrials 

DOEPL 

Unary 

Finite# 


744.97 24X85 24051 +017 
mai 30282 30 X 38 +034 
24384 34380 24105 —035 
mu 2BUB 2024 4 —0X7 
21073 2W8S 21089 +039 


NASDAQ Indexes 


Low Last aha. 


Composite 

incftistriob 

Banks 

ta iswuuc e 


Tronso. 


70671 70487 
715.18 71103 
76384 76044 
88053 877.14 
93I.1T 927.57 
48881 68584 


70607 — 3Jt 
71103 -180 
74182 +009 
87789 —145 
93083 —186 
68683 —380 


AMEX Stock Index 


«40S 423.17 423L70 —102 


Pew J ones Bond A 


3 S Bands 
18 UHlHtes 
10 Industrials 


9784 

9149 

16089 


— 087 

— 012 
—082 


NYSE Diary 



AMEX Diary 


780 

9 

19 


211 

791 

9 

32 


NASDAQ Diary 


1310 

1733 


6061 

51 

118 


1534 

1526 

2007 

SOM 

51 

94 


Spot CommodKlM 


Cooper electrolytic, lb 
Iran POE. ton 
Load, lb 
Silver, troy az 
Steal (scrap], ton 
Tin. lb 
Zinc, m 


Today 

MTS 

182 

U 1 

27380 

036 

£40 

11987 

IUL 

04596 


0874 

182 

1.11 

71388 

036 

535 

13433 

IUL 

04596 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


Metals 


Ossa 9 Mw 

BM Aik. .BM Ask 
erode) 


ALUMINUM (HU 
MniMTHkicl- 
Spot 149 X 50 MM 5 D 149 AM 149580 

Forward T 51 BJ 0 1 S 1 EW IJIMB 152008 

COPPER CATHODES (HU Grade) 

par* metric tan 

5 pm 247180 2(7200 345480 24 SM 0 

Forward 24564)0 348780 244980 247880 

LEAD 

Dotal per mottle fw 

5 nat 56 X 90 54400 55700 56880 

Forward 3180 5 MM SOM 3 AH 

NICKEL 

^Sr PtrW S^S m aKM 431 AM 01 X 00 
Forward 427580 428000 640580 641000 
TIN 

Data? nr metric Ire 

spot smm smm zoom sntrn 

Forward 535880 535500 537580 537780 

II NC CSpodal HW Orate) 

Honan per metric tea 

95480 *5780 95780 95880 

98080 9814)0 98 X 00 98300 


Financed 


High 

BMOMTH 5 TERLMO (UFFK) 

SIMM -pfaot 108 pet 

Sep 94 X 3 9639 «A 1 Unch. 

DSC 9 X 73 9370 9373 UndL 

Mar 9309 9981 9387 +081 

Jon 9£47 9282 9287 —081 

Nf 9188 9188 9187 +081 

Dm 9158 9151 9158 +081 

Mar fUB 9183 71 JO UfXtL 

Jna 9109 9180 9189 Unch. 

Sep 9087 9077 9087 — &81 

Dec 9066 9056 9066 + 0 JM 

Mm- 9043 90 J 6 9043 +083 

Jim 9071 9025 9031 —002 

EsL volume: 33815 . Oaan tad.: 536801 . 
■MONTH EURODOLLARS (UFFE) 
si mUHaa - Ms of 108 act 
Smm 9480 1447 9448 + 082 

S3 32 32 :ss 

Ml N.T. TAT. 9 X 40 +081 

Sea N.T. N.T. 93.11 +005 

EsL volume: 183 . Open Int: £ 970 . 
S+ 40 NTM EURDMARKJ (UFK) 

DM) mBHM - Pis St IN PCI : 

NO . 95.15 9 X 13 9 X 14 Unch. 

DM 9487 9483 9485 —082 

Hr 9449 9443 9447 —882 

Jan 9438 94 J 2 9435 —083 

Sea 94.11 9482 9485 —884 

9384 9382 9385 —OKS 

9342 9352 9384 —087 

JM 9338 9331 9334 —084 

m 9 X 17 93 J 5 93.14 —086 

K 9255 9280 9280 —085 

or 92714 9273 9235 —OSS 

m 9 X 48 9283 9243 — 084 

Est. volume: 76515 . Open bit: 84 X 400 . . 
3 +WONTH FIBOR (MATIF) 


pnmfiHaa 

-pis at ire pa 



Sep 

9*48 

9404 

9607 

— un 

Dec 

mss 

9449 

9*12 

—004 

Mte- 

9305 

9301 

9184 

—005 

Jtm 

9368 

9 X 55 

9 X 56 

—008 

s#p 

9 X 48 

9300 

5032 

—006 

Dec 

9112 

vans 

9 X 07 

— 004 

Mar 

9203 

9206 

9 I» 

—003 

Jre 

9203 

nji 

9271 

—006 


EsL volume: 24860 Open hit.: 198 , 193 . 




100-79 99-14 100-05 —604 

N.T. N.T. 99-05 — (MU 

EsL volume: 4 X 410 . Open hit; 1098 R 
IWRMAN OOVBRNMEICr BUND (UFFW 
DBrnM-MeiiRfd 
m 9243 9141 9176 —037 

bc 9180 9083 9189 —034 

Est. volume: 122889 . Open ML: 147887 . 
19 -YEAR FRENCH SOY. BONDS {MATIF) 
PFMUM - ah at iso acT 


5 e> 

11 XU 

11402 

11430 

—008 

Dec 

11404 

11306 

11 X 32 

— 80 D 

Mar 

11300 

11260 

11208 

—808 

Jen 

N.T. 

ALT. 

N.T. 

Unch. 


Est volume: IB 453 LOPMML: 140308 . 


Industrials 


High 
OASOIL OPE) 


Jot 


Oct 

Nw 


15351 15280 15275 1 HJ 5 +885 

15685 15475 15688 15680 +050 

15025 15750 15825 15025 +050 

16175 16075 16180 16180 +075 

16380 16275 16250 16375 + 075 

l&SJS 16375 MU 16580 +075 


Mm LOW Lost SUM QPpe 


Jon 

Fata 


16575 16475 16 X 9 16 X 25 +180 

N.T. KT r N.T. 16350 +050 

-N.T. N.T. N.T. 16150 - Unch. 

IT NX N.T. NT. 15950 —050 
ay . NX N.T. NX -15750 +035 

Est volume: UISO. Open ML 00891 


•RENT CRUDE OIL OPE) 

UAdotars per Parrel lota re TJM barrels 

S3 

NOV 

S3- 

1755 

1705 

1730 

mo 

T 70 O 

1601 

1708 

1 M 0 

1609 

1411 

1409 

T 4 J 1 

1707 

TZ 20 

1700 

1411 

1708 —809 
17 .M —802 
1755—002 
l&M — «M 
76 M — UH 
1419 — UM 


Esr.VDhnne: 2 X 497 . Open In* 13477 T 


Slock Indexes 


) CK. 1 I 


Law - Cten Chew 04 


he 


29*78 293 X 0 29998 -2 18 

DM NX N.T. 2 * 675.— 275 

Est volume: 14825 . Open ML: 51711 
CAC 4 I CMATIF)' 

FF 5 B 4 per MdMtasfcd 

JM 189480 185980 U 9380 +U 80 

AW : 10180 1 S 7 S 80 190180 +1009 

Sta - 190480 187780 WBB 8 B +9150 

DM . . N.T. N.T. 193550 +980 

Mar N.T. N.T. 190280 +MJ 0 

Estvotume: T 8 . 1 S 5 L.Oean ML: 71880 . 


Sources: MatlL A ssoci ated Press, 
London ton Ftmdt ri Futures -Exchange, 
loft Petroleum Exchange. 


Per Amt Pay Rm 


Pktel Asset Mar _ 84 

Grwor Saturn sea. .- 85 

Lamttfcn Grp ADR b jobs 

Mum Mv lac _ 868 

PralBYid Inc . 8725 

b-AP proxmno untparADR: 


7 -i 7 -a 

7-15 7 D 5 
Ml 7 - IS 
7-15 7-39 
MS 779 


STOCK 

LVMH MaetHann - 19 % 
STOCX SPLIT 

Great Southn Bcpltaraa for dm ia 
CORRECnON . 


CeatMler EnaraY 
Rovfaad pay data. 


7-22 8-15 

7-8 


Southern Natl 


70 ■ 7-15 0-1 


INITIAL 

Coastal PM Cp 
Kampar Strut me 

REGULAR 


_ .15 

_ .1275 


7-13 KB 
7-15 Mf 


AST Strut lae 
BnckrackOBOTTin 

SSSSSlfflS, 

Blue Chip Value 
couocftva bcp^m 
C uitlca Burns I 


Factory sirs Amer 
KatnaHlloc'^H 


Kama Hllnc TrH 
KampMutTMkt 
iKompMunl IncTr 


Kem p Stmt Monl 


MJMi sg ( 


saemMuntui 

Voy MM Munll 

VDVMNMun 

M9TMM 



Twain Bcshs 

Mentor Inc Fd 
Marrtoan Rest 


Now Amor HJIjjc 
varaoawr az Sb I 
Varnaur CO Mani 


Vavasour FLMwd 

vayMNAWBH 


See our 

Busimn Mwssag* Cwttw 

every Wsdnesday 


U S. /AT THE CLOSE 


U 1 LJ- w O 

asffiiiSSr«— ^ 



j/U4U(UMj vi .to- ■ - _ • . 

Baby BeDs Aim for Lcmg DistoM* 

- J ■ T7rv.Tr rtf the rerionai 


eoosent decree that diok&hp r\ ux. * ^ 
to the lucrative loug-distancc markets. 

M. Oxp. -«c* Wfcesune 
mSSsMAT«r or MCI Commimi cMi« aay. .. _ 

the past two decades. 

Primadomia Leaves Casino Project 

IAS^ ^VEtJAS (Mciombers) — - P rimadoim a Resorts Inc. said 
Tuesday H had pulled out a proposed $130: 
ptoject with Lone Star Casino Corp. on the Mississippi GuU 
Coast to focus on other areas. , - _ ^ 

Houston-based Lone Star, meanwhile, said it had an ^agreement 
with anther, unnamed ganh g ccmmany to take Pnmadonnas 
■ as a joint venture partner ■mtheTXne Hills project m Bay Sl 


^Wcrare pieced to have a strong fi nan c ial partner eroerienced 
in grami ng f nr the devdopmflnt of OttTDiuil)CCtlVC StCS, Said LOUC 


iMWi vvm — » — .-7 . . „ ... 

is interested in Lone Star sites m Ala b ama and South. 

OlOT Delays New System’s Debut 

CHICAGO (Renters) —’ The Chicago Board -.of Trade said 
Tuesday it was delaying the start date erf an electronic, off- 
exchange trading system to aBow time for an outside accounting 
firm to review the system. . - • 

The exchange’s diainnan. Patndc Aibca*, said the first phase of 
trading on the system was now set to begn Sept 1 , pending 


For the Record 


farm payrolls number on Fri- 
day. They said the Fed decision 


would be judged against the 
strength of the employment re- 
port and its inflationary impli- 
cations. 

The dollar was at 1.5803 DM 
in late New York trading, down 
from 1.5966 DM Friday; at 
98.925 yen, up from 98 . 650 ; at 
13260 Swiss francs, down from 
13396 ; and at 5.4175 French 
francs, down from 5 . 4670 . The 
pound rose to $13437 from 
1 3385 . New York markets were 
dosed Monday for the Inde- 
pendence Day holiday. 

(Reuters, AFX) 


FILM: Beijing Takes New Steps to Shelter Its Movie-Making Industry 


National Association of Seasides Dealers Inc. said it would 
extend by .10 nwniTfac the d«MflTTH» used by mutual. fund compa- 
nies to report their net asset values to the public, effective July 11 . 

( Reuters ) 

Boeing Go. said it defivexed 67 commercial jet transport aircraft 
to customers in the second quarter of 1994 to June 30 , bringing the 
total tor the year to dale to 149 . •• (AFX) 

Blockbuster Eatertataa^nt Carp, on Tuesday said it would 
open 100 new stores and convert others this year as it expands its 
music relating business. - (Knight -Ridder) 

Enso jBSodiem Inc. sdd scientists at its Enzo Diagncwtics Inc. 
unit have dcvdr^cd^ a DNA-based 6 »t that ‘S'astfyunproves’’ on 
tests fix identifying the hepatitis B virus, which is transmitted 
through blood transfusion. (Bloomberg) 



■" 


Continued from Page 9 
duced, requiring all such films 
to complete thor final editing 
and production in China before 


they can be released. 
^Co-r 


-production of films with 
foreigners can survive if the 
principle of mutual benefits is 
observed," Mr. Li said in the 
report. 

"The script will be the prime 
concern in the screening of 
films,” the report said. 


The repot did not specify 
how the restrictions might af- 
fect the sale of foreign program- 
ming to China’s fast-expanding 
domestic cable television mar- 
ket. 

"Many international produc- 
ers want to work in China, the 
prices can be low and the do- 
mestic market very appealing,” 
said a Hong Kong entertain- 
ment executive who asked not 
to be identified. “But no one in 


China wants to put their name 
on the line for a co-production 
these days.” 

But rather than take respon- 
sibility for the activities of their 
joint venture partners, the exec- 
utive said that Chinese , studios 
and directors were likely to pro- 
vide international production 
groups with their services and 
access to domestic markets on a 
contract fee baas. 

"Like most things in China, 


there should be a ; 
around the 
the executive. 


W sfc— wfBax Office 


CncUmwGopyri^ 
China’s legislature on Tues- 


• • The Associated Press . 

. LOS ANGELES,— "Theiion King” dominated the U. S. box 
office again with a gross of $34 finDibn over the weekend. 
Following are the'Top '10 moneymakers, bascd on Friday tkJcet • 
sales and estimated sales for Saturday and Sunday. 


day approved prison terms and 
stiffer fines for 1 


lyright viola- 
tors, answering a key lLS. de- 
mand five days after Washing- 
ton threatened sanctions, 
according to an Associated 
Press dispatch from Beijing. 


L Tfw Lien. Kina* 

Z'nw&odnr 

3 L"SPMd- 

4 . -Blown AW 

5. -WOH- 

4.-1 Lave Trout la* 
7 .~Wy uT l Ea rp- 
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J.Tha FltaWone*" 

lO.«Utlta+H 0 lAiBUsr- 


(WuttDtmmy) ... 

ruahmnaO 

(Tmentfetti Century FBKJ 
{Metro OeidwrnMarer) " 

(Warner Brother*} 
(Teenfl et h Century Foxt 
(UalUsnaO 

tCohnubla) „• 


S 34 million 
SiUmOitan 
S 122 mill km 
1105 mu Hon 
million 
XU million ■ 
' 9 X 2 «nnitan 
‘ -945 million 
SAT million 
UmMlai 


6 : “ 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


Aflaia fianea Vieae July 5 


data Pm. 


Amsterdam 


ABM Amro HM 
acf Holding 


Ahold 

AkzoNobH 

AMEV 

Bota-Wesaanen 
CSM 
D8M 
Ehavfer 
Fatal ter 
GH-B modes 
HBG 


6020 6040 
4060 43 J 0 
94 9220 
4350 44.10 
1944019290 
7150 7050 
3750 37 JO 
6780 6750 
13340 133 J 0 
154 154 

15 1490 
45.10 45 

301 296 

71 &J 0 21680 


Hooaavms 72 ^ j-ua 
HunW DaupkB 7840 78J0 


IHCCaland 
Inter MuaUer 

mni: 

KLM 
KNPBT 
KPH 


Ncdlloyd 
GrtnJen 


Oca 
Pnkhoed 
PWBOS 


Rodamca 
RdUrco 
R orenta 
Royal Dutch 
Stone 
UnUsvar 
VOn Om marai 
VNU 

Wolten/Klumr 


3680 3620 
75 J 0 7720 
7770 77.10 
5250 5140 
4 UO 4150 
50 4970 
6480 6110 
7350 7340 
47 4650 
5150 5150 
77 7450 
1137811320 
5450 5480 
11650 117.10 
8380 8670 
19040 18940 
45 4450 
18270 183-10 


17080 172 

109 10630 




Brussels 


AG Fin 

AbnanQ 

Arbed 

Boroo 

BBL 

Bakaart 

CBR 

CMB 

CHP 

Cockadll 

Cdbaaa 

gssBse. 

Etectrubal 
Elaetrn tln o 
GIB 
GBL 


Gavmr? 

GHMiM 


Pthaflna 

PowcrfM 


SocGen Banoue 


2590 2590 
NA. 7600 
4380 4390 
2180 2175 
4040 416S 
24100 34400 
12375 12475 
+*ui mn 
2020 2040 

177 179 

5630 5630 
7120 7240 
1328 1338 
5620 Slfl 
3235 

1390 1376 
4115 4170 
9400 9590 
4540 4530 
3000 3000 
6570 6670 
1470 1470 

470 470 

5270 5380 
8280 8400 


Sac Gan BateMua 2210 2220 
Safina Mnsum 

Soluav 14300 14350 

Tsssandarla 9420 9428 

Trwtebei 99 bb ns®; 

UCB 73F51 3 24350 

Union M lnteTB 2595 2580 

Wasorauts 7300 7150 


Frankfurt 


AEG 
AkatelSEL 
Allianz Hold 
AUoaa 
AsfcO 
BASF 
Boyar 

Bay. H ybo bank 


412^416 


Bo^Varalrabk 44890 <ui 


SHF Bank 
BMW 


69898 690 
390 392 

792 790 

Commanawnfc 32850 330 

CBn Un ew m 24950 84 

DaMilsr Bmc 71050 728 

Ot Babcock 23023150 

DwMAeBonfc mmmsi 
DOUUIOJ 513 507 

Dwdnar B«h J 77 £ 381 
rwuiunn SOI 28 } 
F Kruaa Haesdi 2102 KU 0 

VSSE" % 

318M3^ 
HOfzmann 918 to 

KKT 

Kail Sab 137 JO 136 

Karatadt 576 584 

K®" ^ M 6 

KJaertnerwarta w w 

Lu H ha rao 18 BJ 3 mJD 

41841350 


MAN 


Mnwa w monn 419 409 

Metallaesetl 1982020250 
MUMdlRwKh 2835 2840 


PWA 
RWE 
Wtetamwioll 


78350 776 
429 445 
233 ZU 
41858421 50 
29B 290 


doaaPrrf. 


Helsinki 


Amar-YMynia 

Emso-GutBSlt 

HuMamakl 

ic.ap. 

Kvmmam 

Malm 

Nokia 

Potilola 

RnSa 

Stoctamm 


125 

126 

40 J 0 

40 

T 7 TJ 

170 

1000 ALSO 

117 

115 

160 

160 

4 55 

430 

TO 

63 

89 

89 

203 

TO 




Hong Kong 


Bk East Alla 
COthay Pacific 
Oiauno Kono 
China Light Pwr 
Dairy Farm inn 
Hone Lung Dev 
Hang Seng Ban* 
Hvndtmn Land 


HK Air Ena. 
naGai 


HK China i 

HK Etectrtc 
HK Land 
HK Realty Trust 
HSBC Holdings 
HKShano Htb 
HKTMecmnm 


HK Fo rty 

Ch Whampoa 


Hutch 1 .. ._ 
Hyson Dav 

Jarxttny Moth. 

Jardlne Sir Hid 
Kowlaan Molar 
Mandarin Ortont 
Miramar Hotel 
Now World Dnv 
SHKPruas 
5 MUX 
Swire Par A 
Ted Chung Pm 
TVE 

Wharf Hold 
Whig On Co Inti 
Wlmar I nd. 




32.10 33 

1140 11 
3230 33 

38 JD 38 JO 
10165 1050 
1 IAS 11 JO 
51 J 3 51 JO 

34 3440 

41 JO 4180 

14.10 14 J 0 

2285 22JS 
1983 19.15 
2050 21 

8425 S 3 J 5 

12 1 X 10 
1430 1435 
1455 13 

3138 3130 
2043 2060 
5750 SB 50 
2830 2020 
1330 1330 
1155 1085 
2133 2140 
2160 2130 

43.10 43.10 
258 299 

5550 5595 
1150 1150 
350 133 
. 28 3830 
1030 1030 
1140 1135 
162119 


Johannesburg 

AECI 
A (tech 
Anglo Amer 
Bartow* 

Blwoor 
Buffets 
Do Been 
Drlefantehi 


GFSA 

Harmony 

HighveMSteei 

Ktoaf 

NadbankGrv 


24 2 X 50 
113 115 

231 231 

3 X 50 36 

933 HA 
NA 45 

m ids 

67 67 

11 1050 
116 115 

2 S 3 S NA. 

28 27 

5650 5 X 50 
3235 3250 
46 4335 
94 94 

8850 8535 
45 45 

23-10 23 

204 201 


London 


Abbey NdT *1 435 
Alllad Lyons 345 
ArfeWlMliH 230 
ATBVi! Group 2 J 4 
Ass Brit Foods 536 
BAA X 97 

BAff 460 

Bonk Scotland 153 


Barclays 


ClawPrw. I 


Oau Pray. 


Dominion Text A 
Donahue A 
MocMiaan Bl 
Nafl Bk Canada 
Power Ctarat 
Quebec TM 
•beeorA 
ebecarB 
I Teles loss* 

Untea 




763 753 
6.13 635 
1138 1150 
1735 T 7 J 8 
835 833 
20 20.13 
1*35 1950 
1738 17.13 
1750 17.13 
18.13 1838 
535 588 
1235 1250 
: 172441 


LmdSM 

Uworte 

Lasrao 

Legal Gen Grp 
Lloyd* Bank 
Marks 5 a 
ME PC 
NatT Power 


Parts 


NfbWU water 489 


Reckltt Col 
Rcdkmd 
Reed Inti 
Reuters 
RMC Group 
Rolls Rovce 
RWhmn (until 
RagdSCOl 

Sahubury 


Smith Neshew 
SmlttiKUne B 


War Loan 3 U 
Wellcome 
Whitbread 
Williams Hdm 
WIIM Corroon 
E-T.J 


Accor 60 S 603 

Air LlauMe 741 731 

Alcatel Ahrttiam 572 341 

Asa 23 T^ 123 Zn 

Bancolre (Cte) 485 J 0 48 X 20 

BIC 1 MD 1150 

BNP 73230 227.90 

Bmryajes 91 582 

B 3 N-GD 773 785 

Oamtfaur 1776 1768 

C.CF. 2 T 22 U 50 

etna 102*0 102 

Cboreeurs 1330 13 fi 

Cbnents Franc 285 

OubMed 37237530 

E It- Aquitaine 37236860 

EH-Saaofl 880 870 

Eora DHrvy 11.10 11.15 

Gen. Eaux 531 515 

Hava* 425.10 < 27.10 

I metal 540 549 

Lafarge Capeee 39050 m 

Learand 5890 5890 

30049680 
1084 1082 
064 147 

in no 

234.1022250 
114 133 

34930 352 J 0 
15580 156 

302 3 ® 

799 76 k 

847 857 

432 441 

120.10 132 

1629 1633 
631 621 

. M M 

Ste Generate 558 553 

Suez 2 SZ 90 2 S 

Thomsmt-CSF 162 161 

Total 30040 307 

UJLP. 13780 V»A 1 

Valeo 252 249 





Madrid 


Sao Paulo 


Btav 2830 2860 

bcd Central Him 2460 2545 
Bonn Scmtcmder *555 4725 
895 926 


Banco do Braiil 
Banespa 


CEPSA 


2935 TOO 
2035 2095 
5730 593 0 
218 — 
895 901 
3630 3725 
3240 3450 
1780 1805 


Brahma 
Gem la 
Eletrebm 
liaubanat 
Light 

ParaAopmmo 


1 X 29 1720 

m ss 

21522002 
HA 3099 
205 ■“ 

170 178 

22 S 225 

1450 1439 




Souza Craz 

Teteferns 3700 30 

USm&cu ^ Sl 

Vote Rio Doc# 89 93 

Vartg HA 260 


Milan 


BSSSS^i 35 " 


Banco Comm 
Basfool 


itatanabOlant 


Mantedttim 

OHvetn 

PtflUl 4840 

HAS 24850 

Rtaumnto 9993 

Sateem 3925 

San paala Torino 10000 
SIP 4023 

SMS 4030 

Stria 2300 

Stanaa 36600 

Slot 303 D 

Tore AMi Rfap Z 7030 


4625 4530 
171 168 

23490 Z3150 
1125 1105 
2620 2510 
2100 2090 
3015 3100 
2000 2010 
1300 1275 
4640 *401 
1910 1923 
0*041000 
27100 26400 
1199011960 
5398 5295 
iMfln 42300 

2478 2410 


Singapore 

ax 


’ Dtv. 

DBS 

Fraser Neawe 
Genflna 
Golden Hone PI 
Haw Par 
Hume Industries 
indicant 

am 

KLKnang 
LumOWM 


WB. index i^T 4 



Previous: 


UOB 


7 JO 7 J 5 
6 JO 6.10 
11 II 
hkga ««i 
1 X 20 18.10 
238 135 
X 10 114 
5 J 9 X 15 
5 SS 555 
1050 MAO 
144 141 
1.43 143 
053 845 
1250 T 2 J 0 
500 5 JS 
855 855 
1060 1050 
5 JS 110 
188 131 
1140 1140 
75 S 7 JO 
1 X 70 1500 
352 354 
U 6 140 
154 uo 
IT JO 11 J 0 
2 JD 7 UB 
: 7187 J* 


Montreal 


Alcan Aluminum 32.13 32.13 

Bank Montreal 24 Z 2308 

BeD Canada 4 L 13 4525 

Bombardier b 19 J 0 1942 

CamOJar 17 J 8 17 J 5 „ 


Stockholm 

ADA SUB 64 

ASM A 586 589 

AgraA 147 150 


aomPrev. 


Afire Coaca 

Electrolux B 

ErfCMCTl 

Eseeit+A 

HandeHtaanken 

hivretar B 

Non* Hydra 

ProconOaAF 

SandvfkB 

SCA-A 

S-e Bantam 

SkancSaF 

Skanaka 

SXF 

Slora 

Traliebara BF 
Valve 


86 JD 86 
332 355 
374 379 

lea m 
94 JSS 96 
156 1 S 2 

220224 J 0 
115 116 
103 HP 
IBS 108 
4*40 4 SJ 0 
107 109 

129 144 
134 137 

369 370 

Wl 103 
657 665 


PnnSwsYflteb' 


Amcor 
ANZ 
■HP 

Baral 

BeMcrinvflle 
Cates Myer 
Comalco 
CRA 
C 5 R 


Sydney 


Goodman Field 
I CI Australia 
AAagellan 
MIM 

Nat Aust Bank 
News Carp 
Nine Network 
N Broken HR 1 
PacDwdan 
P ionee r Infl _ . 

HmndV Poseidon IW 1 S 3 

OCT Resources U 7 1 J 1 

Santas 3 J 8 376 

TNT 23 * 238 

7 J 3 7 J 5 
*31 *49 
*61 *33 


9 J 4 836 
4 Iff 
UL 28 1 X 06 
339 333 
007 007 
422 *21 
US *90 
1 X 24 18 

*00 4 J 2 
106 U 79 
134 135 

11 JO 1000 
1 JS MS 
207 290 
KJ 4 WJ 2 
ajs 132 
4 J 6 _ 
M 342 

*40 430 
291 257 


Mining 

Bonking 


eRfiS&war' 


Tokyo 


AfcaiEtecfr. 533 525 

Asobl Ctoemknl 769 756 

AionlGtaH 1230 1220 
Bank Oi Tokyo 1400 15 W 
Bridgestone 16 M uh 
C anon 1750 1720 

»«■ 1350 usd 

Dal Nippon Print 1920 1890 


Dahml 

Datna 

Forme™ 
Full Bank 


1510 1510 
1770 1760 


H&iSii 


2200 2110 
1140 1130 
1100 MID 
930 922 

1780 1750 




747 
710 710 
983 987 
2*50 2640 
418 412 


HHucM Cota* 

Honda 
itoVakodo 
Itochu 

Japan Airlines 
Kallma 
Kansal P ower 
Kawasaki Steel 
larki Brewe r y 122 a noa 
Komatsu 955 MO 

Kubota 743 734 

Kyocera 7510 7300 

Matsu Elec inds U» 1820 
Matsu Elec Win 1150 1150 
Mtssblsh Bk 2610 26 H 
Mitsubishi Katri 521 521 

Mltsubteh EMC 693 680 

MltSUWSh Hey 811 804 

Mitsubishi Core 1240 1238 
Mitsui and Co .831 S 34 




ml 


7060 1030 
1900 1870 
1280 1250 


NGK Insulators 1068 iffifi 
NDdnSecurtttes 1270 1388 
Hlnoon Kooolar 1090 TOO 
Nippon Oil 751 738 

Mnpon Steel 348 346 
Nbwon Yuan to 637 
wrbKPi 880 B69 

Nomura See 2440 2430 
NTT 8710a 8720a 

Olympus Optical 1U0 1TO 
3000 2850 
Ricoh 978 967 

Soars Elec 5» 580 
Shore TOO i860 

Shimazu 752 

Prinebu Chan 2158 
Sony. 6270 

Bk 2100 
Chem n 7 
Sum! Marine 902 

SSffl“ Si 

Tatdw Marine 025 NM 

TgMdeiChem w» rm 

TDK 4920 4 820 

Tallin 555 527 

Tokyo Marine 7240 120 
Tokyo Elec Pw 3180 3106 
Tuonan pruning 14*0 TO 
Toray ml TOO 741 

Toshiba TO 812 

Toywo 2190 TOO 

Ymsokm Sec TO 944 
g.-xMft 
226 


Close Prav. 


Toronto 


AMHM Price 
Agnlto Eagle 
Air Cauda 
Alberta Enerav 
Am Barrlcta Ba 
BCE 

Bk Nava Scsila 
BC Gas 
BC Telecom 
BramalBc 
BnmswICk 


16 J 0 MJ 0 
1600 1635 
X 25 *35 
2008 2058 
3238 33 

45.13 4 X 25 
2 X 50 2 X 38 
1308 1335 
2208 2235 
0+1 Q 23 
1025 1035 
4 J 5 *63 
*90 5 

CIBC 30 2908 

Canadian Paciflc 20 JD 2035 

Can Tire A 11 .T 3 1135 

Cantor 1 X 63 1 X 63 

Cara 33 S 300 

CCL Ind B 9 9 

One ol re 
Candnco 
COmrast ExtX 
CSAMgtA 
Dafasco 
DvlexA 




2035 20 J 8 
2*25 2*25 
935 10 

19 1 X 75 
033 035 


Edw Bay Mines 1*50 1*63 
EaottvSHvarA 037 035 
FCAIntl 380 300 

Fed Ind A 608 60 S 

Fletcher Chall A 17 1735 
FPI 508 5 M 

Gerrtro DAS 046 

Cult Cda Res *65 405 
Hees Infl 13 13 

Hernkt G 4 d Minus 12 1108 


Hcri Roger 


Hudson's Bay 

Imasca 

Inca 

I PL Energy 


LabaH 
LobiawCa 


Magna Inti A 
Mari* Leaf 
Maritime 
Mark Res 
Matson A 
Noma ind A 
No ran da me 


Narcwi Energy 
NtbnTetacom 
Nova Carp 


pwa core 


Rogers B 
Rothmans 


1175 1175 

19.13 19 

2608 27 

3308 3335 

35.13 3*50 
2 X 88 2 X 63 
I 5 JB 1 X 63 
2035 2035 
19 JD 2035 
008 X 2 S 

36 J 0 56 

114 D 1108 
22 2135 
808 9 

2063 2075 
508 &50 
24 TIB 8 

11.13 n.n 

14 14 

» 3900 

1035 1033 
19 1935 

160 3 bS 

2 X 75 2963 
900 900 
a® aso 
17 17 

29 JO 29 

3475 20.13 


78 


Ural Bank can 2708 2735 

SfiStf s 


Sears Con 

Bssn* 

SHLSystemhse 
Sautbam 
Soar Aerospace 


TedtB 
Thomson 
T oronto Damn 
TuslUI B 
Transcdia UtH 
TransCda Ptoe 
Triton FWA 
TrUnac 
TrtiecA 
Unlcara Energy 


4100 4135 
-U 3 7 

1108 1108 
xao 8 jd 

17 17 

1*35 1408 
70 S 7 JO 
77 JS 2763 
2235 2263 
1 X 38 15 J 0 
21 2008 
2235 22 J 0 
1435 1408 
1600 

305 3 X 
MJ 0 1*35 
026 021 
13 S MS 


b usrsmx 


Zurich 


Attaint! B Sl 231 

AkdUfese B Mw 647 646 

BBC Bran Boy 8 1778 1191 


OboGMyE 
CSHoMmnsB 
EiefctrawT 
Fischer B 
mnnSseountB 
Jetnwns 


795 OIC 
568 574 

343 349 


JS m 


Landis Gyt R 
M otu s n e l tfc B 
Nestte|^H 

Oermc. 



2775 
836 831 
boo m 

415 415 

1114 1131 
R 141 1 C 
1570 1570 
6330 6400 
114 114 

m ru 

7800 7150 
839 645 
7*40 1948 
B 397 483 
... R 546 549 
R 765 780 

1169 1177 
B m 700 
B 1320 1329 


BWSSliJSf 


Sob our 

Arts anti AnfiguM 

every Saturday 


U.S. FUTURES 


Yia Auodatod Prea 


MyS 


season Seam 






HMI 

Low . Owen 

Hteh 

Low 

O0M 

Chg 

OpJnt 


Grains 











306 

X96 Jul« 309 

xm* 

301V* 

307V6-O04V* 

2064 

30716 

102 Sep *6 X1B 

X19V* 

XU 

X15V6— 0U05VA 18436 

365 

309 Dec *4 331 

3321* 

X25V6 

33 

— UH 

2X310 

3641* 

X27 Marts 306V* 

336V* 

130V* 

X3SV6— flJOV* 

5*4» 

3061* 

XU V* MayM X26 

127V* 

126 

337 

—004 

KJ 

X4» 

XU JulM 330 

X23 

X17V* 

331V* — 6011* 

431 


Dec 95 



331V* — 001V* 

2 

Est.irim 3*000 Frrs. srie 

16309 




Ftn open tat SUBS re 1599 





WHEAT 03013 sreitonSrAmm.® 

baararar feuPW 



X55 

237 JUIM 338 

239 

324 

335 

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155V, 

302V* Sep 94 333 

32PA 

171* 

■333%— 804V* 

300 

XUVlDecM 303 

334 

339V* 

331V*— 004 

18.910 

3J9W 

325 Mar 95 305 

336 

3306 

332V6— 40IV6 

2099 

X46W 

30U*Moy9SX36 

30CH 

12514 

32SV* — 004 


303 Vi 

XIBUJriM XISV* 

xisv* 

1161* 

X14VV- 008V* 

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Est sate na. FtTXMlas 

6517 





FrPsaoenlri 3X634 w 791 





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(CBOT) AaaeuniMiwn.<W 

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141 JrtW 341 

248 

236 K 

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10,178 

54405 

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207 SreM 200V* 

234V* 

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230V4—ILT2 

277 

234% DOC 94 239 

203 

207V* 207V6-Q.TI* 121017 

207V* 

242 McrM 205V. 

240 

205** 

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XritWMovM 362V* 

244 

241* 

741V4— OJl’A 

3403 

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UO -M 95 245 

146V* 

144V* 

244V* — 61116 

4406 

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243 Sep 95 245 

245 

242V* 

242V* — 104V* 

171 

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240 

200 

248 

-001 V* 

6937 

ESLHries NA- Frfs.sotes 

1X264 




Ftrs open tat 22X618 oft 1283 





SOYBEANS (CBOT) 


700 

514HJUIM All 

631 

612V* 

615V*— 0071* 10003 

703 

638 Aug 94 626 

627V* 

609*6 

6W4— 009 

29021 

70BV* 

61 17 5«P 94 606 

609 

5.92*6 

X92V6-U30 

10482 

707V* 

50SV*NavM 595 

X9S 

5JW 

X79V6 — 000 

77050 

704 

613 Jan 95 £96 

699 

5451* 

its** — 000 

7,111 

703 

618 Marts 607 

607 

191 Vh 

X91V6— 000 

UP 

705V* 

621 Marts 609V* 

6091* 

XMW 



7.06V* 

634 Jri95 614' 

614 

601 

601 

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XM 

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xtou-o-m* 

1443 

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72,112 




RTIOOBIH 14X449 re 1U 





SOYBEAN MEAL (CBOT) MM-. 




moo 

1B520JUSOT 18X70 

18600 

MUD 

HUB 

—638 7056 


18600 Aug 94 10100 

10*00 

11020 

1SL90 

—650 22095 

2 nun 

10X10 5ep 94 10300 

10X50 

179 JD 

10000 

—680 

LX414 

20700 

nuoociw laun 

18100 

17X70 

17100 

—4110 

7021 

20900 

17*83 D»C 94 17800 

moo 

17*90 

174J0 

— *06 

IUD0 

20700 

178JOJonf5 17800 

10050 

17190 

177 JO 

-650 

1493 

207 JO 

181 00 Mar 95 18100 

10100 

17700 

17900 

-6J0 

2090 

20700 

10140 May 95 10000 

18100 

17K0O 

\%2 

-748 

957 


10200 Jul 95 18200 


179158 

—500 

SB 

Est. tales NA. Frrs. fries 

34453 





Frrs open ini 7X1M re III 





SOYBEAN OIL (CBOT) «U»e»- dnr3.-> »w m »». 




2U5JW94 2505 

2X35 

2*51 

2651 

—107 

4432 

3068 

2145AU0 94 2X3S 

2505 

2*67 

2*47 

— 10010014 

3004 

2240 Seo 94 2X10 

2X23 

2441 

2443 

—108 15431 

29 J4 

22000094 2X08 

2X00 

3400. 

2*31 

—100 

9415 

2807 

2200 Dec 94 3*70 

3L» 

>611 

2611 

-408 29068 

2SJ5 

2X65 Jre 95 34JQ 

2670 

2615 

2615 

—108 

2427 

2UD 

3*78 Mar 95 2*75 

3400 

2618 

2611 


ieo 

2805 

2*6UMay9S 2U5 
3*65 Jun z*n 

2*05 

sue 

2635 

2430 

3627 

2430 

—are 

1022 

511 

2700 

2X15 Are 95 3400 

2400 

2405 

2435 

—M0 

33 


Sep 95 3*75 

7*75 

2448 

2440 



BL sates NA. Frr* tries 

31072 





FrTsaaentat 65006 re 5599 






Livestock 





trtrerlL 




7X17 



| *( ■ 

6X17 

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■i.v-i 

—802 19036 

7430 

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4048 

6845 

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6X15 

6600 

4667 

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9,183 

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6700 


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6760 

6650 Are 95 



668 

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Est. antes, IIJ73 FTTis^es 

15456 









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14-1 




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t’l 

8105 

TOJBOdN 7655 

7X10 

7658 

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9800 

7i«rawta nss 

7X25 

7X3 

fTTj 

R1 ‘1 

1452 



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7400 

7670 

7400 

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77. 


7245 Aar 96 7441 

7*50 

7400 

7430 


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HOGS 

[CMEQ AOOOBL.OriiBWte. 





4700 

4120 All ?4 45,(0 

4X30 

468 

4662 

-o.ta 



4105 AUS 96 CM 




—100 



410*009* 4050 

4DJ0 

39 JS 

39 J5 

—140 

3X30 

41 02 Dec 94 4JJ0 

4X00 

MS 

AIR 

-402 2027 

1! TO 


IA1 

0 >. ■ 

i y a 

—1.10 

too 

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EJTa 

39.12 

3902 

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643 

4700 

4X17 Jw. 95 4400 

4400 

4M0 

4400 

— 0J7 

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4633 4510 AUO 93 4U0 

Ed. totes 1376 FriVsdes 

<L60 

MM 

4X90 

430S 

-045 

« 

FrfsooanH »» » 351 






PORK BELLIES (CMBR) 4U»te-i 
5200 33J0JuiM 300 3535 

ataxr 

XUS 

ta. - 

2697 

-103 

YSt 

5900 

SX22AHDM 3X22 

3*90 


3U0 

— U7 

6LIS 

39.10FdB9S 4)02 

4217 

4101 

4U2 

-400 

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6X90 

3840MOT95 40J0 

4X10 

4000 

4105 

—105 

*1 

8100 

430 

<24aMay» 4U0 
45J0 Jul » 

4300 

4X30 

4300 

4600 

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36 

S7 

5035 




4130 


2 


339 






Food 


199.00 

sun 

16 X 30 

18 X 10 

13*50 

15100 

12500 

11200 


64 ^ 0 Mt 4 TX 7 J 0 . 18700 1075 


_ja& U&JD 19000 10 X 65 
77 . 10 D#C *4 17730 17730 17700 
T&MNkrfS I 77 .M 177 .H 777.10 
S 7 jOMoy 93 T 7 X 50 17 X 90 PUB 
•5000815 
■ 90 S SeP 95 

IIJDMCM 1 W 0 O 19600 19450 

Estates 4039 FfTLSOtaS 9 iSS 

Fri* 5 ep enlnt 4 X 559 

SUGAa-eWRUJll (NCSO liUBore-eereowkL 

1260 4090(394 1105 NJB 1162 1167 — 8.19 MOM 


11*30 

10635 

17730 

177.10 

DUO 

nun 

17880 

194JB 


— X75 SO 
-XSO 27036 
+900 11/fiO 
+900 TJB3 
+908 1,181 
+900 265 

+900 27 

-•00 n 


Season Season 
Hfc* Low 


Open hflph Low dm Cho OpJid 


1 X 10 9 . 17 MW 95 1 XJ 6 11 J 9 

1 X 06 10 L 57 May 95 .njO 1101 
TUB 1 (U 7 Jiri 95 1160 -1160 

11 J 0 1007 Oct 95 

1100 lD 0 OIMarf 6 

EsL sates 9099 Ftfs. stees HLW 
RTSopenH 102073 
COCOA (NOE) Ml m Ue M M - SAW* 
1466 9990696 1310 UT* 

1403 10 »Sre 96 T 3 D 134 J 

1507 ion Dec 94 1083 ■ T 3 S 6 

1540 - M 77 Marf 5 1417 141 * 

me 1078 May 95 

ISM 12250495 

1420 U 6554 P 9 S 1413 1463 

1570 12 NDec 95 . 

1562 . 7350 Mur 94 150 ISO 

Est sates NA. FrrtKte* *701 
RTswenW 67014 
ORAt+ae JUICE (Menu IMMfcv-l 
13X00 016004 M . 109 109 

8760 Sep «4 8905 90J0 

9LHNawM 9000 9230 

9*2SJcn95 M08 97 JM 

9700 Marts *935 99J5 

9700 May *5 10100 10200 

Wf0PJkU95 10*50 10500 

nu»sw>95 
Nowt! 


1130 . 1160 

IS IS 

1137 

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— 0.19 20665 
- 0.13 4091 

-X1S 2 659 

- 0.15 .071 
- 0.10 91 


TO9 12M 
1315 1321 

1336 064 

1394 t3W 
1418 


-1463 1460 

1493 

un . ism 


-42 277 

—12 3X465 
—IT 1X095 
— M 7046 
—16X121 
—14 7030 
-16 L1B6 


— le 502 


13*50 

13*00 

mo# 


11*25 

11900 

17100 


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1000 Frni. sates Iri 
Inf we* oft 934 


■ris pw*. _ 
.109 ! B5J0 
0905 9000 

9270 «X0S 
9600 9660 
9900 9975 
TOIJD HZJO 
UMJ 0 10*95 
MJ7J5 
1TX75 


+065 *19 
+005.14,412 
+005 X007 
+X1X 3756 
+OKI 200 
+100 179 

+X45 57 

+035 . 
+100 ■ 


Metals 


HI TO 

11*35 

11*75 

11230 

11130 

11100 

11135 

1BM0 

1DB60 

nxio 


OOfPTO (NCMUO SUHbh-aM 
7430 JulM 11100 11265 11100 
7*50 S 9 P 94 172*5 11360 1)105 
7 X 75 Dec 94 TTUO 1 T 10 O 11038 
TUOJknfS 
7300 Feb 95 

TlDOMirfS 10908 10900 109 J 8 

JUSMayfS 

70 X 0 JU 95 

7500 Aug 95 nxao 11200 11 X 00 
79 .Msec 95 
7530 Oct 95 
7735 Nor 99 


1201 

9900 

11060 


11135 

11250 

11000 

1 H 0 D 

10975 

10900 

10830 

U 70 D 

11205 

18630 

11105 

111 .* 


+131 4011 




■XBJreto 
6278 Mar 96 
•LlOAprW . 

MayM 
•• JiPtW • • - ■ 

est fries 6000 Frft sates 11713 
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99 


Independerwe Has 


Thomson 
Links Loss 


investor’s Europe 


enies Charges Palestine Now Faces Economic Battle To Credit 

- L/ • „ cnmw fir the Arab world, accordina to a 


Frankfurt 

DAX 

are — - 

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London 
FTSE IDO index 


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on 


PARIS — The chainnan of 
Alcatel-AlsUiom SA, France's 
largest private corporation, on 
Tuesday scoffed at corruption 
charges filed against him and 
received support from the min- 
ister erf industry and trade. 

Pierre Suard, chairman of the. 
energy, transport and telecom- 
munications company, de- 
scribed as “banal” the allega- 
tions that he misused company 
funds to install security systems 
at two private residences. 

Mr. Suard was arrested and 
charged late Monday with 
fraud, embezzlement and cor- 
ruption. He was released on ball 
of 1 million French francs 
($183,000) after 12 hours of 
questioning. 

He is so far the most senior 
French businessman to be part 
of a series of investigations into 
alleged irregularities. ' 

The charges against Mr. 

. Suard were an offchoot of an 
investigation into charges that 
^Alcatel allegedly overcharged 
the state-owned phone compa- 
ny France Telecom. 

Industry Minister Gerard 
Longuet, who is also being in- 


vestigated for allegedly: using 
political influence to raise mon- 
ey for private use, told French 
radio he '-was concerned about 
the damage done to the reputa- 
tion of a nugor deporting com- 
pany when its chairman was put 

Mr. Suard “is one of France’s 
great bosses,” Mr. Longuet 
Said. **T h«nlra. tft him, we are at 
the top level worldwide in the 
energy, telecommunications 
and raflsectors/ 7 

Mr. Suard, 59, is a dose poet- 
ical ally of tire rating Rally for 
the Republic parly and was 
once the boss of Prime Minister 
Edo uar d Balladur. 

Mr. Suard said Tuesday at a 
news conference that he had 
asked the French stock market 
regulator to investigate how ' 
news of hisanest had been 
spread to the financial markets. 

Repeats of Mr. Suard*s rnter- 
rogauon by police sent the price 
of shares in Alcatel, France’s 
second-largest publicly traded 
company, plunging 8 percent 
Monday to 541 . francs. The 
shares rebounded Tuesday to 
572 francs. 

(AP t Ratten, Bloomberg) 


Spanish CenlralBanher 
To Be Fined Over Trades 


' By David Hoffman 

Wadtmffxm Feat Service 

GAZA —Off a sandy alleyway, through an 
open door, industrial sewing machines buzz 
sharply. White cotton doth stands m haps 
on the floor, and sparkling purple and while 
dresses hangup for display against the drab 
breeze-block walls. 

Ibrahim ShinawTs workshop is a short 
drive from the Palestine Hotel on the sea- 
coast, where Yasser Arafat has been holding 
court But it is m a part of the Gaza Strip that 
the Palestine Liberation Organization leader 
did aot see in his triumphant return to tins 
part of what some call Palestine. 

‘ Mr. SMsawi's sewing workshop, one ot 
hundreds of tittle enterprises scattered 

through this city, is part of the economic 
' backbone of the Gaza over which Mr. Arafat 
is assuming control. The shop's problems 
hrfp illustrate why the political independence 
l : from Israd that Mir. Arafat has won cannot 
be easily translated into economic indepen- 
dence, which is his latest rallying cry. 

Mr. Arafat has bristled at attempts by 
international donors to oversee the spending 
of aid given to the Palestinian authority that 
is beginning to govern Gaza and the Jericho 
regkmin the West Bank and he paints a 
brave picture of a spartan, self^iffiaat 
economy as the alternative to “blackmail by 
outsiders. ' 

In evocative metaphors, Mr.. Arafat told 
Palestinians tins week that the children of fee 
stones” who fought the Israeli mffitawocaipa- 
tion can now turn their “strong arms to build- 
ing a self-reliant Palestine. “No one can starve 

usT he declared on a recent morning to a 
group erf Gaza village leaders. “In this^country 
Sere are tough people, tough propte." 

But the economic reality visible m mi. 

Ann mntrnm With the DiCtUie Of 


Return 

MADRID — A former Bank 
of Spain director is to be fined . 
for trading on inside informa- 
tion just before the central bank 
intervened in December, at 
“Banco Espafiol de Crfcdito, 
known as Baneslo, a central 
bank spokesman said Tuesday. 

The spokesman said the dis- 
closure had come just before 
Luis Angel Rojo, governor of 
the Bank of Spann, was to be 
formally nominated for a new 
six-year term this week- “Tins 
could not have comeat a worse 
time,” he said. 

While authorities of fee Na- 
tional Securities Market Com- 
mission issued no statement, 

; sources dose to the c ommissio n 


said a fine of T5 nuffion pesetas 
($114*000) tod been proposed. 

The farmer, director. Toads 
Rmnftn Femfadez, sold 2300 
Baneslo duxes on Dec. 27, one 
day before fee intervention, and 

J ■ ~_fift._Ml.nMM, nmul. 


mg -a Loss of about 3 million 
pesetas. He resigned in January, 
and trading was not resumed m 
the shares until the end of that 
month. - 

Mr. Fendndez, a lawyer and 
professor, said he would appeal 
thederison. 

“I have made my case, and as 

the outcome will in any case be 
a sanction, I plan to lodge an 


administrative : 

courts,” he sail 
stale radio- 


to lodge an 
peal in fee 
on Spanish 


But the economic reality visible m Mr. 
ShinawTs drop contrasts wife the picture of 
sdf-rd&mcefeat Mr. Arafat offers. While fee 
Israeli military occupation of Gaza is over, 
fee economic ties that bind the Palestinians to 
' Israel remain as tight as ever. 

The truth is that Gaza — for new, the 
largest piece of Mr. Arafat’s new regime — 
has Kttto to offer the rest of fee world. Its 
economic backbone is its laborers, tens of 
th o us ands of whom are wilting to work long 
hours for low pay. . , 

• Before Isradi-Palestiman violence and 
public opinion forced Israel’s govemmmtto 
tighten border controls, more than 120,000 
Palestinians from fee West Bank and Gaza 

worked ' m Iarad each ***■ Recei ? tly nmn_ 

ber has been rising, and as of this week more 
than 46.000 Palestinians were commuting to 
jobs in Israel — 19,000 of them from Gaza. 

But the bonds between Gaza and Israel are 

even deeper. According to Gaza’s Uman erf 1 
Industrialists, fee 535 garment shops such as 
Mr. ShinawTs and 56 textile factories repre- 
sent about a third of Gaza’s economy. More 
than 80 percent of them are subcontractors 
for Israeli firms. Fewer than 1 percent sell to 


Europe or the Arab world, according to a 
survey by fee industrialists. 

Gaza's dependence on Israel grew over the 
27 years of Israeli military rule. Israelis justi- 
fied it as a way to provide jobs for the Pales- 
tinians. Critics charged that Israel used the 
people of the occupied territories as cheap 
labor — especially in fee workshops based 
here, beyond the reach of Israel's Socialist- 
inspired labor laws. 

Most of the garment workers in Gaza earn 
half of Israel's S2.60-an-hour minimum wage 
or less and get none of the generous benefits 
guaranteed to workers in Israel 
The sewing shops of Gaza can be found 
scattered behind tall metal doors in residen- 
tial neighborhoods where local women — 

The Israeli military 
occupation may be over, but 
the economic ties that bind 
Palestinians to Israel are as 
tight as ever. 

who represent the majority of employees •— 

easily reach them from their hom es ne ar- 
by. About three-quarters of the shops employ 
fewer than 10 workers. T 

Shop owners bring fabric from Israel ana 
employ the women to cut and assemble it into 
jeans, blouses and T-shirts that usually are 
Qiwn sent out for sale in Israel 

“The businesses and work in the factories 
in Gaza depends on the size of the labor force 
in Israel” said Mr. Shinawl “Our country 
doesn't have oil or precious metals. We don’t 
have any exports. That was one of fee effects 
of the occupation.” The Arab boycott against 
Israel was also applied to Palestinian goods 
maHft in the occupied territories. 

Mr. Shinawi has five women at work and 13 
more outside trying to sell his products in 

Gaza, the West Bank and Israd, especially m 

Arab towns. He has been in the garment 
business for 20 years but recently has found it 
difficult to get across the border to Tel Aviv 
to buy raw materials. The border rcstricnons, 
by cutting many Gazans off from their jobs m 
Israel have hurt Mr. Shmawi’s sales at home. 

Other problems have hurt business in re- 
cent years, Mr. Shinawi said. He used to make 
white wedding gowns until the intifada, the 
Palestinian uprising ag ains t the Israeli occu- 
pation, began in 1987, prompting people to 
eschew lavish celebrations. 

Despite bis — and Gaza’s — economic 
problems, Mr. Shinawi said that if Mr. Arafat 
had stopped by his shop, he would not have 
been critical of fee Palestinian leader. 

“We know he is not craning wife a roag ic 
wand or a mountain of gold,” fie said, ripping 
cold cola on a blistering hot afternoon. “Abu 
Ammar did his best,” he added, using Ara- 
fat’s nom de guerre. “He lifted the occupation 
from our country.” 


Lyonnais 

Confuted bp Om- Staff FmmDi&aithB 

PARIS — Thomson-CSF, a 
state-owned defense electronics 
concern, said Tuesday it tod a 
loss of 23 billion francs ($425 
millio n) in 1993. 

The company, a subsidiary of 
fee electronics group Thomson 
SA, bad a profit of 152 billion 
francs in 1992. 

On its own, Thomson-CSF 
had an operating profit of 1 
billion francs last year. The 




pans 

CAC40 

24GQ--- 



MAM J’7 ®FMA 
1BB3 t «* 


m — 

taoo^rr- 


the company’s 21.6 percent 
stake in the French bank Credit 
Lyonnais, which in March re- 
ported a loss of 6.9 billion 
francs. 

Credit Lyonnais later won a 
government pledge of 35 bil- 
lion francs of new capital and 
the Thomson group agreed to ■ 
/-htp in a further 13 billion y 
francs. 

The h«nk also derided to put 
43 billion francs of loans feat * 
hafl gone bad in the real-estate ( 
market into a shell company. 1 
Potential losses on those , 
loans were estimated at 14.4 bil- j 
lion francs. Of that total the j 
French government agreed to ] 
guarantee 12.6 bilhon fr an c s , ( 
and Thomson-CSF took on 1.8 . 
billion francs. 

Remi Thomas, an aerospace 
and analyst at the bro- 

kerage Chalet Dupont in Paris, 
said, “The assets involved were 
among the most rotten, so more 
i Tmn likely, the company will 
not be able to writeback any of 
the money from the 1.8 billion- 
franc provision.” 

Mr. Thomas added, however, 
that if Credit Lyonnais is not 
sold to the public by December 
31, 1998, Thomson-CSF will 
have the right to restore the 1.8 
hrnirm francs provirion to its 
balance sheet. 

The difficulty in assessing the 
1993 loss forced Thomson CSF 
to postpone its annual share- 
holder meeting beyond the legal 
deadline of June 30. 

Its parent company, Thom- 
son SA, was expected to nomi- 
nate Alain Gomez as chairman 
of both companies at a board 
i pr^ting that was bring heldlale 
Tuesday, posts he has held since 
1982. (Reuters, Bloomberg) 


Exchange 

Amsterdam 

Snwsete 

Frankfurt 

Frankfurt 

Helsinki 

London 

London 

Madrid 

lijten 

Parts ‘ • " • 
Stockholm 
Vienna 
Zurich 

Sources: Reuters, 


ABC 

Stock Index 
DAX • 

FAZ 

HEX i _ 

Financial Trims 3Q 
FTSE 100 ■ 
Genera Index 

ms 

CAC40 

Affaecsvaariden 
Stock Index 

SBS 

, AFP 


Close 

389.79 


2,032^9 

777.74 

1,704.78 

238190 

2365-00 

296.46 

1,116.00 

1,750.08 
454.16 
928.53 ' 


m 'fl£T M J J 

1993 

Prev. % 

Close Change 

388.00 +0-44 

7386.86 +0.13 

2,051.53 -0.92 

780.13 -031 

1,69028 +038 

2324.430 -0.17 

2370.40 -0.18 

3Q1.CS -1.62 

1.108.00 +0-72 
1,866.18 +0.67 

1.761.37 -0.64 

45930 -1.16 

935.46 -0.84 

ImenunavJ Heftjd Tntncte 


Very briefly: _ 

• Shares in Christian Dior SA, the French fashion and accessories 
concern, fell as much as 2.7 percent after turbulence in fee 
markets caused the company to postpone a capital increase. 

• West European car sales in June jumped more than 10 percent' 
for fee second straight month, according to an estimate by French 
auto leaker Renault SA, fueling analyst expectations feat Eu- 
rope’s economy will return to growth this year. 

• The Italian government will announce broad outlines of its three- 
year economic and financial planning document Thursday, said 
Treasury Minister Lamberto Dim. 

• A Dresdner Bank AG subsidiary has purchased the Frankfurt 
office bunding that will house the European Monetary Institute. 

• Fisons PLC the British pharmaceuticals and scientific equip- 
ment concern, said it bad sold its British horticulture business for 
£253 million ($38 million) to a consortium. 

• British Rail which will be privatized next year, reported a 59 
percent narrowing in its loss, to £108 million, for fee year ended 
March 31. 

• UnOever PLC fee British/ Dutch multi-industry group, said it 
sold its Mattessons Wall’s chilled meats business to Kerry Group 
PLC the price wasn’t disclosed. 

• Affied-Lyons PLC the British food and beverage giant, said it 
. was aiming for a profit increase of 7 perc-- ’ m r ’ ' ' -ar er.r 

March 1995. Bhomutrg, h-w . bidder, aff. .-. 

1 Sweden’s Deficit to Grow 


■ -- 5ta 

Dfr YM PE.lOPt htoi LowLxmyOfoc 



Standing Pat 


Bioombag Bum® K«* P^billt* .that _thfi b^k 

p££ed 2. ££ SSgclnt !»» for P°° r 

changes in connection wife A total of four executives — 
loans extended to Jttrgen tw0 f r0 m Deutsche Bank’s 
Schneider AG, the real-estate mortgage subsidiary Deutsche 
group that collapsed in April Centraibodenkredit AG in Co- 

Q KiTlinn Tlnitsche TTiaikS and rtnP «*sw-h fmm branch 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

STOCKHOLM — Finance 
Minister Anne Wibble said 
Tuesday the government ex- 
pected its deficit to increase by 
10 bilhon kronor ($13 billion), 
to 160 billion, in fiscal 1995 
because of rising interest rates. 

The previous forecast put the 
deficit at 150.7 billion kronor 
for the year that began Friday. 

Mrs. Wibble also said rising 
rates would reduce 1995 gross 
domestic product growth by 05 
to 1.0 percentage points. Previ- 
ously, the government estimat- 
ed 1995 growth at 3.0 percent. 

The new deficit estimate is 


about 10 percent of the gross 
pwiinnal product. 

Swedish markets fell Tuesday 
on doubts about fee success of 
the government’s 65 billion 
Swedish kronor bond auction 
Monday. 

Swedish markets ' have been 
weak since Skandia Forsakring 
AB, Sweden's largest insurance 
company, announced last week 
it had stopped buying govern- 
ment bonds until it was con- 
vinced the government was try- 
ing to control the deficit. 

(Knight-Ridder, Bloomberg 

AFP) 


with 5 billion Deutsche marks 
($3 billion) in debt 


lUtUUVUM u>« w»» * - — — — — - 

ae and one each from branch 

ices in Mannheim and Ba- 


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ESTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JULY 6, 1994 


Page 13 


ASIA/PACIFIC 



lt> 


.. zt 


In Japan Are 



ew 


j; . TOKYO — Japanese high , 
^•technology companies said 
»: Jbesfay they either had com- 


soaring woddwide 

v •qomapo for dectromcs parts, 
r TodribaCorp. and IB M Ja- 

-• invest 40 binimyen (S4^5 ynT^ 
l lion) on a second plant to pro- 
• -dace thxn-fihn transistor liquid 
' .cryst al .display panels, known as 
TFT-LCD, which are widely 
used for color screens in the 
^ latest generation of notebook 
. ^computers. ' 

_■ . Fujitsu Ltd., Japan’s leading 
. computer maker, announced 
■separate plans to invest 80 bfl- 


: Nippon Mortgage 
[Owes $4.8 Billion 
fAt Its liquidation 

Ago tee France- Prase 

1 ‘ TOKYO — Nippon- Mort- 
*. gag e Co, with debts folding 
' -473.4 billion yen ($4.8 billion), 
has decided to go into hquida- 
" tion, a spokesman for its top 
creditor. Sumitomo Trust & 


Son yen over the next two and * 
half years, oa upgrading two 
senricxmductor facilities m Ja- 
pan.. 

/ Meanwhile; NEC Corp. said 
it was canridering & major over- 
seas investment^ possibly on the 
order of IQO bilHon yen, to 
build a semiconductor plant in 
theUnited States or Bnutin. . 

' And in another move to es- 
cape the the strong yen, Matsu- 
shita Electric Works Ltd. said it 
was planning to set up a $13 
million subsidiary in-Thailand 
to make synthetic resin for 
seamcondiictor packages. 

Toshiba and IBM Japan, a. 
unit of International Business 
Machines Coip, said their 
four-year-old LCD venture, 
Display Technologies Inc., 
aimed to triple production ca- 
pacity Gram the current 100,000 
units a month at a plant in Hi- 
meji near Kobe. 

“Demand for TFT-LCD is 
expected to enjoy rapid 
growth,” Display Technologies’ 
president, Tom Shhna, said, 
noting that worldwide demand 
was projected to grow from 400 
billion yen this year to 500 bil- 
Bcm yea mart year. • • 

computes, where the Jfan*stee, 


‘Banking Co, said Tuesday. 

It is the tMrd-largest debt left 


- “by a Jar 
•World War IL 


Sumitomo Trust accepted the 
; liquidation plan Monday, the 
. spokesman said, adding that 

■ Nippon Mortgage hoped to 
- seek court clearance by autumn 

- to wind up its affairs. Nippon 
‘ Mortgage, setup in 1982 by 

- Sumitomo Trust and two other 
* real estate concerns, has been 

going through a restructuring 

- caused by massive amounts of 
' property-related bad loans. 

* As of the end of March, Nip- 
"/ pon Mortgage held loans from 
-24 banks, life insurers and non- 
life insurers and 38 nonbanking 
) finaryaal concerns, the spokes- 

■ man said. Sumlqmo Trust & 
-Banking is the company’s larg- 

/ est creditor, 'with loans out- 

■ 'standing of 120.1 billion yen. 


TFT-LCDs are earn- 
ing them increasing market 
concern since share,'” he said. 

Display Technologies, which 


is equally owned by Toshiba 
and IBM, plans to start bufld- 
ing the plant in Yaso, near Kyo- 
to, this -month, and .hopes to 
launch production early next 

year. '••••’ 

Production capacity is even- 
. tmdly expectedto reach 200,000 
units, twice the level at Himqi, 
which started operating two 
years ago and recendy reached 
full capacity becanseof soaring 

ttemimil ffir the nandt 

Fujitsu officials said tbe com- 
pany had allocated 50 biUkm 

C to expand production at its 
te plant in northern Japan 
over the next two and a half 
years and 30 billion yen to iq>- - 
grade its Wakamatsa plant m 
the west 


Taiwan 9 s Investors 'Going South 9 

Once-Strong Flow of Money Into China Has Slowed 


By JQdward A. Gargan 

■SewJedi times Service 

TAIPEI — After pouring 
bOEons of dollars into China 
in recent years, Taiwan’s in- 
vestors are slowing their activ- 
ity there and are looking dse- 
whcrc at countries in 
Southeast Asia; 

The slump in investment 
from Taiwan has accompa- 
nied a steep slowdown in gen- 
eral foreign investment in 
China. Last week, China Dai- 
ly, an EngMt-language news- 
paper m Beijing, reported that 
contracts for foreign invest- 
ment in die first five months 
of 1994 fdQ 45 percent from a 
year earlier, to $32.7 bfflion. 

Taiwan’s attitudes toward 
-China have fluctuated wildly 
in the last decade, from viru- 
lent anti-communist isola- 
tionism to waxy and tentative 
contacts whh the mainland to 
a flush of enthusiasm by small 
and medium-sized businesses 
in Taiwan. 

But the mixed economic per- 
formance of many investments 
in China, Bcging’s lade of legal 
protections and the slaughter 
m March of a boatload of tour- 
ists from Taiwan m_ eastern 

China — frtr n rhil-h China latw 

executed three men — have 
soured many Taiwan business 
people mi the nation that lays 
riatm to their island 

“Mainland investment fever 
is finished,” arid C3 bd Chen, a 
lawyer in Taiwan who advises 

TnvestOTS nn h Hsm«!C$ rn C^hia . 

Many of her clients, she said, 
are now spreading through 
Southeast Asia. “AH the 
races are reporting sharp 
in investment,” she said, 
personally, I would never put a 

ritnv» in China ” 

Although data are unclear, 
Taiwan seems to have become 
the largest foreign investor in 
Vietnam. Its investors have 
also been drawn to Indonesia 
and the Philippines, a foreign 
trade official Mid, following a 
“go south” policy that the Tai- 
wan government started this 
year. 

“Whenever Deng dies is 
overhanging people’s think- 
ing,” Said the o fficial, alluding 
to the fragile health of China’s 


89-year-old leader, Deng 
Xiaoping. “They think it will 
have an effect cm the economy 
in China and on their busi- 
ness. But by and large, the 
risks they face are commercial 
risks, not political risks.” 

The rapid growth . of Tai- 
wan’s economy, the increasing 
cost of labor and a shift away 
from labor-intensive manu- 
facturing to high-technology 
and service industries have 
made China attractive to 
many Taiwan manufacturers. 

“Traditionally, Taiwanese 
businessmen have not been 
very miernational,” said T.C 
Lee, a banker at Citibank in 
Taipei. “Bui in the last two 
years, the tension between the 
two sides, between Taiwan 
and China , has been loosen- 
ing. And that’s why a lot of 
businessmen have started to 
make business in China 

“Here, there are lots of la- 
bor-intensive industries — 
garments, shoes, toys. All of 
there started to look outside 
to invest They started to relo- 
cate initially to Thailand, In- 
donesia, Malaysia and, in the 
last two years, to China, to 
enjoy cheap labor, cheap land, 
cheap living costs.’’ 

Estimates of the size of Tai- 
wan's investments in China 
vary wildly, from the Taiwan 



it: 

The Nn*. Yuri. Tunc 


it’s figure of about 
59 billion lo independent 
economists* estimates that 
range from $15 billion to 520 
billion. The discrepancy arises 
partly because Taiwan busi- 
nesses must use foreign sub- 
sidiaries or shell companies, 
as the government does not 
permit its citizens to invest 
directly in mainland China. 

Yet Taiwan's Ministry of 
Economic Affairs recently re- 
leased figures suggesting that 
Taiwan business investment 
in China fell more than 60 
percent last year, from « 
more than $53 billion in' 
to just S2.1 billion. 

“A Taiwanese businessman 
who walla around China feds 
very comfortable," said Diane 
Ym& publisher of Common- 
wealth, Taiwan’s leading busi- 
ness monthly. “But the degree 
of freedom, property rights, 
privacy — that's not there." 

Michael M.C. Lin, presi- 
dent of Hi elm International 
Co., a group of companies in 
Taiwan that make furniture, 
minors and glass and run a 
printing b usiness, built a fur- 
mture factory in Guangdong 
Province in China three years 
ago. Despite making money, 
he r emains waxy of prospects 
on the mainland. 

“Labor costs woe the most 
important thing for us,” Mr, 
Lin said “‘Of course, China has 
a lot of problems, political 
problems, transport problems, 
a crazy bank system. But every 
country has problems, of 
course. So we built near Hong 
Kong so we can take advan- 
tage of its ports, its banks. So 
we are making money.” 

Still, Mr. Lin said, he would 
never bet his company on Chi- 
na. “I think there should be a 
balance,” he said, “so that not 
everything is in China." 

Late last month, as Mr. Lin 
and some fellow China inves- 
tors sat in the office of a small 
trade organization they bad 
created to help other business- 
es invest on the mainland the 
talk was of the massacre on 
March 31 of 24 tourists from 
Taiwan who were boating on 
Qiandao l^e in the Chinese 
coastal province of Zhejiang. 

While the Chinese govern- 


ment insists that the three 
young men who were executed 
had committed the murders, 
many people say a renegade 
band of Chinese soldiers was 
responsible. 

“For businessmen and peo- 
ple in Taiwan,” Mr. Lin said, 
"Qiandao Lake has made them 
see dearly what is China. Most 
Taiwanese know what the real- 
ity is there. They can c hange 
their policies very quickly 
there. It’s not a lawful society " 

The perception that China 
lacks a credible legal system is 
at the root of much of the 
concern, said Wu Rong-i. 
president of the Taiwan Insti- 
tute of Economic Research, a 
private consulting and re- 
search organization. 

“Chinese investment is like 
speculation,” Mr. Wu said. 
“You don’t have legal protec- 
tions. In China, it's easy for 
provincial offlaals to have 
different interpretations of 
the law. It’s quite natural for 
the Chinese to squeeze the 
Taiwan investor. Taiwan in- 
vestors now think that China 
is not such a good place to 
invest. In some cases, you can 
have a very big profit, but in 
other cases, very small.” 

Mr. Wu also argued that 
too great a concentration of 
investment in China, as op- 
posed to diversification across 
Asia, would create economic 
and political difficulties. 

“If our market depends too 
much on China, that is not 
healthy,” he said. “After Deng 
Xiaoping dies, there are many 
economic scenarios about 
what could happen there.*' 

“There’s a hot debate now" 
in Taiwan, he added. “Some 
people say, ‘How can you ig- 
nore such a big marketT Oth- 
er people say, ‘No, China will 
use business to influence poli- 
cy here.' So we are trying to 
diversify our investments and 
markets.” 

So far, Taiwan's large busi- 
ness groups have resisted the 
lure of China. But there are 
now signs that the sharp dip in 
investment by small and me- 
dium-sized businesses may be 
followed by a surge in invest- 
ment by large Taiwanese com- 
panies. 


Shanghai Investors Learn Booms Don 9 t Last Forever 


• . Reuurs 

SHANGHAI — At one of Shanghai’s most 
' exotic brokerages — a converted Russian Ortho- 
dox church — small investors who dived into the 
- bull market of 1992 aad 1993 are straggling to 
.stay afloat. 

• ’ “The water's up to here;” said one disgruntled 

• investor, holding onehand just below his nose. 

• They are ready to blame anybody^ from seouri- 
■ ties authorities to the media,, far a 17-month 
' decline that has seen the average price of so-called 

• A shares — sold to domestic investors —collapse 

“73 percent from their high in February 1993. • 

“They are all workers here*” one market /player 
'said, gesturing toward the shabbily dressed 
crowd at the back of the church, “they don’t 
' have that much money.” 

Most of Shanghai’s high-rollers, with their 
portable telephones and gold Rolex- watches, 
. have already abandoned the crumbling market. 


often with thehdp of timely made information. 

Less wefrcoonected investors have been able 
to do little but watch their investments evapo- 
rate, The bear run has swept away the life savings 
of many .families. 

In brokerages ail over Shanghai, where eager 
speculators once elbowed tbeir way to the buying 
counters, only a smattering of small-time play ers 
now watches prices flicker on the quotation 
screens. Many are unemployed or retired people. 

At a branch of Sheoyin Securities Co„ at least 
one investor was not too concerned about the 
slump. Alaid-off factory worker in his early 40s, 
who gave his name only as Zhu, he can afford to 
Sit ont the bear market calmly. 

Mr. Zhu said be got out of shares just in time 
and claims to have made money — a rare claim 
in recent months. Now he trades for the short 
tens, he said, a strategy that market regulators 
deplore as “speculation and profiteering.” 


“Shanghai is a speculative market, tike Tai- 
wan,” Mr. Zhu said. “Long-term investors have 
lost a lot,” 

In his view, most investors bought too reck- 
lessly when the bull market seemed destined to 
last forever. “They thought that, if the market 
rises, it is going to keep rising,” be said “That 
will not da When it goes up, I run.” 

Like many, Mr. Zhu blames an excess of new 
Offerings that he says overwhelmed the ex- 
change. “There ought to be new issues, but the 
speed now is too great,” he grumbled. 

Many investors are also angry at the city’s 
media, especially a popular financial program on 
Shanghai People’s Broadcasting Station, for rais- 
ing false hopes during the boom when it offered 
hot investment tips. 

At the former Russian Orthodox Mission 
church, now occupied by Shanghai Trust & In- 


vestment Co., a 69-year-old retiree who has lost 
more than 10,000 yuan ($1,150) says be is mysti- 
fied by the bear market 
“The international situation is good the do- 
mestic situation is good, but the market is no 
good” he said gazing at the big board above the 
former church altar. “I don’t understand it" 
With the A share index hitting a 19-month low 
of 442.47 points on Monday, there was even 
more confusion about the market’s future. 

One young man, who said the index might dive 
to 250 prams before reviving, was debating with 
another investor, who argued that the shares are 
already undervalued 

“Tins is a good time to invest," insisted the 
second man, wnosepaper value of his holdings has 
plummeted from 100,000 yuan to 20,000 yuan. 

But with most investors still reeling from the 
effects of the slide, few have the funds or the nerve 
to start buying again. 


I Investor s Asia { 

Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

Singapore 
Straits Times 

Tokyo 
Nikkei 225 





^ -■ r ii i i 

A- 

■r.M If 


Ar 


ft 

f' "m a w 
1994 

Exchange . 
Hong Kong 



'.•11 1 





J J ““'F U A 
1AM 

Index 

Hang Seng 

M J J 

Tuesday 

Close 

sjtaaig 

A r 

1994 

Prev. 

' Close 

S.62B-28 

M J J 
'% 

Change 

*0.08 

Singapore 

Straits Times 

2,187.85 

2,191.16 

;0.15. 

Sydney 

AfiOstfitiries 

2,003-40 

L987.10 ■ 

+0.82 

Tokyo 

Nikkei 225 

2<M?34<37 20,631.93 

+0.8fl 

Kuala Lumpur Composite 

1,004 JQ8 

.999.56 

+0.45 

Bangkok ' 

SET 

1,285-64 

.1,274.91 

+1.63 

Seoul 

.Ctanposte Stock 

960-49 . 

951.23. 

+097 

Taipei 

Weighted Price 

6464J5 

6,067.63 

•004 

UanSa ■ . 


2,595.16 


-1.89 

Jakarta 

Stock Index 

453.76 

4S&37 

-0.35 

New Zealand 


1,93732 

2,009.79 

-0.62 

Bombay 

Nafional Index 

1,941.38 

1,944.13. 

-014 


Sources. Reuters, AFP 


luenui u>nal HenM Tntouae 


Very briefly: 


• Yeo Hiap Seng Ltd’s shareholders decided to retain Alan Yeo as 
chairman and managing director of the beverage maker, ending a 
family squabble about who would head the company. 

• Canon Inc. raised its pretax profit forecast for the current* 
financial year to 48 billion yen (S487 million) from 40 billion yen 
because sales have been stronger than expected 

• Radio Television Malaysia is negotiating lo renew its contract 
with Cable News Network after a dispute with the BBC over 
Malaysian government censorship of foreign news bulletins. 

• anna’s 1993 budget deficit stood at 19.92 billion yuan ($2 
billion), below the projected 20.5 billion yuan, because of in- 
creased tax revenue. 

• Singapore’s nonoil exports jumped 31 percent in May from May 
1993, helped by a booming electronics industry, which could 
result in an overall growth rate exceeding the government target of 
between 6 percent and 8 percent. 

• New Zealand's gross domestic product rose 1J percent in the 
first quarter from the fourth quarter and 53 percent from the first 
quarter of 1993. 

• Vietnam has obtained a grant and loan package from Switzer- 
land valued at 25 million Swiss francs (S19 million); half the 
package is a loan tied to Swiss procurements, and half is a grant. 

• Gin Dinh Textile & Garment Factory in Vietnam was hit with a 
wildcat strike Tuesday as workers protested “abusive and inde- 
cent” behavior by Sooth Korean managers. 

• Renoog Bexhad, the Malaysian financial company, and the state- 

owned Bwik Rakyat Indonesia are setting up a $100 million 
venture capital company to promote medium-sized companies in 
Indonesia. AP. Bloomberg, AFP. AFX 


GOVT. OF PUNJAB (INDIA) 
DEPARTEMENT OF FINANCE 

SHORT NOTICE 
GLOBAL TENDER 

I’mjiosiiU jir»» invin-ri iiiilo 25t(i July, 199* at 5.119 I’.M. for an 
ON LINK Cnmnulrri-Htl l^iltrry ann Jnsmni lx>tlery pyriems to 
lie* run on In-hair of I'unjah Covi*rm«nt on Tornkny basis 
(Iimiiglmuf India. Tlic* proposal should contain complete details 
of: 

— I lard warr am) Sift wan* I 'latinnns; 

— (inmimiimaliofir Nelnwki 

— System Operations; 

— Financial Bid (Turnover envisaged, servire charges, eta); 

— System implementation Han; 

— Kxpericiuv U'tirhlwiilc. 

The offers will he evaluated as a package of individual 
instrument. 


Pfi. & Fas N°; 91-172-542634 
Address: S.C.O. N° 10-11. 
A mar Building, Sector 17 A. 
CHANDIGARH (INDIA) 


Director State Lotteries & 
Joint Secretary Finance. 
Punjab 





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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY,' JULY 6, 1994 


NASDAQ 

Tuesday's 4 p»m. 

This Oat com pi ted by the AP, consists ol the 1,000 
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27% l3%AlldHh» _ 8 249 15% 15 15 — % 

24% 1% Atonal ... 997 2% 2% 2% + % 

35% 7'iAtotaBKi - _ 1066 12 11 11% — % 


_ 23 353 13% 12% 12% _ 
_ 13 834 T*u 2% 2*Vu — % 
_ _ 4]? 9% 9 9 


27% !3%AlklHlda 
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35% 7'iAtonaBm 

39% 10%Affe-o 
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30*u?l% ABrtr 72 11 9 189 23% 22*4 23% ♦ V. 

27% IJHAOasVoy .16 1-0 45 376 16% 16 >6% — % 

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27 IMAmFranr _ 35 1880 27 21% 31% *% 

34% 25hAGreets J6 IM 17 3284 31 29% 30*4 ♦% 


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25% 14% AMS _ 22 1024 24% 23*4 23% + ft 

17% 4% AMedE _ 13 125 2% 8% 8% — 14 

22 UftAmMfaSat _ _ 800 13 T2%12M4» «-V„ 

30% 14Vj APwrCV 5 _ 2810523 14*4 15% 16% + H 

23% 15ftAmResid _ 11 1154 23 27% 27% —ft 

39% 23% AmSupr _ „ 93 25% 24% 24%—]% 

27 14>4AmTek> _ _ 742 14% d 13*4 14% — *4 

14% 9*4 ATr owel - 11 240 14% 13% 14% * 'A 

16% 9 Amn&B _ _ 42 10*4 10 10*4 — % 

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15 5 Amrton % _ 18 55 7*4 7% 7W — % 

33% 11 AmfcftCO 40 J 14 741 12% 11% 12 —ft 

16% TIHAnchBeD _ 10 2511 16% 15%15Hfc *»« 

17% lOWAnchGni - _ _ 40 11*4 11% 11*4 — V u 

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18% 9%AptS«JS - 39 1349 14% 14 14V,,— IVr, 

25% II ArtetMOJ -04 J 25 1731 12*4 lift 12 *% 

25 UftApdDott _ _ 510 21 20 20W *% 

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57 26%AMdMfs - 23 73ST 44ft 42*4 42% —ft 


39% 17% Andrew 5 
71ft 13 Andros 
30'— IB ft Artec 
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33 Bft April now 5 
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19 UftArcttCm „ _ 37 15ft IS IS —ft 

35% 26*4 ArooGp 1.14 A3 8 73 27% 27*4 77ft — % 

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23 16*4 Armor M 29 30 68 21% 21 71% +% 

22% 16% Arnolds AO 10 17 178 20 19% M 

74% 5*6ArtsA - 20 1079 15 14% 14*4 — % 

13V* 6*4 Ashwrtti , 12 752 5 3*4 9 + ft 

44 33 AspaTl _ 22 1047 28ft 27% 27*4 _ 

34'A l9%AsdCmA .1225 49 26 24% 24% — '- 

33'AlSftAsdCmB -1288 291 25*4 24% 25% _ 

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34% 27*4 ASforioF _ _ 1769 33% 31% 37% . % 

38% 71 \t AltScAlr 33 1 J 17 1495 26 75 74 -1 

29*411 Atmels „ 24 »93 23Vu 22% 22% — % 

76% 16*4 AuBan .. 32 2306 20V„ 19ft 20 + ft 

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34*0 23*4 Autolnd _ 19 45 27 26% 26% _ 

29 ft WVjAukWotS . 44 2004 16% 16*4 14% — % 

31% 16 AvttfTctl - 25 3337 27ft 25% 26 —1 


34% 28% BB&T 1.08 
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10*4 10% 
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42*4 42 
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20% 19% 
18% 18% 
32% 31% 
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27%19ftCrdAcpS _ 37 274 24% aft24*u-r»u 

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10 Cyo neO . 23 1764 22% 21% 22% -1% 

12% 5%Cyqnus . ^ 87 8ft 7% 8ft -W 

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8% 4 CvtRx . . 245 4ft «V» 4V U -V« 


32 15 DF&R 

7% 3 ft DIMA PI 

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27*41 7ft DlrGnls 
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16% 11 EnvntsBd 
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22ft 10*4 Escarp 

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25 7WCffllEs ._ 3 1149 15 14% 14% —ft 

19*4 SKCaltiSIr _ ID 99 9ft 8% 8% — % 

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1? 12 celadon _ — 357 Uft 13 13ft -ft 

341'. raftCelMMI _ >6 649 90 dl9 19% -% 

36% l7%CHIPro ... .. 81 19*4 19ft 19% *% 

20ft VftCdlttor _ 13 W lift 'i«r* 10*V —ft 

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26V. 16*.CeiCmPR _ . 2 a »% 25 - % 

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24% 13*4 Canted _. . Iff 17% 16V. 17 —ft 

43 ITftCenwrm _ IS 1173 19ft 17% 17ft— 114 

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21 ft Smer _ 27 9S9 Mft 77% 70 -% 

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747 17ft 17% 17*4 +ft 


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276 26ft 24 24ft —ft 

784 10ft 10 10 _ 

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434 7ft 4ft 7 —ft 
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71% lift 11% -% 
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23% 2m 23% _ 

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z ® tS 

JM 

_ _12 

- » 975 
_ 74 333 
_ U 377 

2Jr 71 1479 
_ 36 1737 
4.1 U . H 
— D 127 

- 35 377 
2J 19- 418 

_ ttn» 

z !»■ 
_ w ua* 

_ W 60 . 
5A S 79F 

- 5 99 

- — .ME 
_ a 1 526 

- 19 4549 

- 22 388 

2A * 97 

- 16 3250 


Bft 8ft eft —ft 
uft iiftrnv-fti 

Sft TO** — % 
19%, IBftTfft -ft. 
aft 22% 33% -ft 

2«% 23ft 2*4 _ 

15ft Uft Mft —ft 
U Uft IB *lft 
23*4 I9*420 Vm-SVh 

84%. 26ft 36ft —ft 
2BV> 38ft 3814 —ft 

11*4 11*4114 


lift llHIltft* 
21*4 21 91% 


15ft 14ft ?5ft Tft 
7*4 7ft 7>Vy — Vi, 
32M 32% 32H.-M 
15ft 14*4 15 _ 

13% UH Uft -ft 
15ft. Mft 15*4 -H 
43*4 4Sr Oft" 
W% 28% 2B*4 -J* 
27 26ft 34ft -ft 
6S*4- 65 65*4 •, . 

14ft 13*4 Uft — 
19% 18 . 18 
33%d3DU 30ft — 2% 
15% U% 14% — *4 

it 

Bfc W&F* 

15% .16*4 15% _ 




un m ■» 1 
33ft ,33 33H -ft 

«ft 39*439>ftt— tft* 
13ft Uft 13% -ft 


AMEX 

Tuesday's Ctowing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the dosing on Wail Street end do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 


U Mon*! 

Hdh Low Stock 


Phr Yld PE 100» HWi LowLfteaOi'oe ftoh Low Stock 


ov vm re isos 


LawlAtetQi*— 


12 Month 
Wi Low Stock 


Olv Yld PE 1001 High LoerUgaOVge 


8 8ft -ft 
30ft 30% -J4 
12 12*4 —ft 

24ft 24ft —ft 
3 3ft — Vu 
23*4 9* -ft 
2*4 m —ft 
57 67ft —ft 
5*4 5*4 _ 

2ft 2ft _ 
5*4 Sft -ft 
3ft 2ft —ft 
14 M -ft 

ft ft-ft* 
Ss ft .c 

9% 9% — 14 
2% IH - 
6ft 6ft _ 
17*4 17ft -ft 
4*4 4*4 —ft 
8ft Bft -ft 
3*4 4 »*4 

4ft 4>lfa - V H 
57 57 — % 

5ft Sft —ft 
ft ft _ 
10 10% - % 
17% 17ft -ft 
51ft 51ft — % 
3 3 _ 

IV, 1% -Vu 
3ft 3ft -V U 
14*4 1474 .. 

12*4 Uft -ft 
12 12 -ft 

41 41 —ft 

18 18 —ft 

28ft 20ft * ft 
7 7- 

6ft Aft _ 
9% 9% _ 

Sft 3*4 *% 
v„ Vu -Vu 
6*4 7 
ft ft _ 
13ft Uft —ft 
Uft Uft —ft 
(Vu 474 _ 

IVi, IVu — % 
Sft 6*4 „ 

9ft 9ft —% 
4ft 6ft— Vu 
26 2ft - 
3% 3Vu - Vu 
6*4 6ft — M 

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2*4 2V, _ 


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15 12 

17 30 

_ 38 

_ 3 

_ 3 

_ 50 

6 7 

~ 365 
55 3 

18 134 
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A IS 

” ’ll 

_ 1Z3 
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zH 

_ 68 

13 ’S 
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8 42 

10 17 

10 19 

11 26 

15 4 

IB s30 
38 201 am 
_ St 7 
_ 43 6*4 

5 74 9V, 

_ 25 3*4 

- 13 «it 

30 144 7 

_ 40 Vt 

B 6 13ft 

74 112 15*4 
26 21 4ft 

I 56 IVu 
IS 6% 

_ 40 9*4 

IB 6 6% 

40 59 2ft 

_ 1232 3 "u 

13 16 6*4 

6 ff 7 W “ 

3S JS » 

. 230 2V, 



JH 2 J 
H M 8J 
1.90 8A 


aoftUHCFXCa 
7ft 6ftOlf" 
Bft 7*40*4 
9ft 6 , cjyijCjj 
3ft 1 ftcvr&n 
UV»U CWBRI 
5% IViCVDPnn 
lft, VuCXR 
72 J7ftCoWvSH 
iiKuhTnoMl 


1% 1ft 
ITVu 12% 
77ft 76ft 
26 26 
6*4 6*4 

4ft 4*4 
2114 21*4 
Uft 12ft 
8% 8% 
22 22 
22% 21ft 
njn *4 
2ft 2ft 
19*4. 19*4 
10% 10 V, 
16% IS 
4 3% 

4ft 4*4 
»*4 n% 

2& 2^ 

m* m* 

Sft 4*4 
21% 21 
19 18% 

19 19 

Mft I ft 
2ft 7*4 
11% lift 
11% lift 
11% 11% 
11% 11% 
42 43 

28*4 28ft 
40% 39% 
m to 

14% Uft 
10ft lffft 
16ft CM Bft 
3 2>Vu 
21 20ft 

,8ft 8% 
15ft IS'A 
4ft 4 
13% 13% 
3 3 

IVu 1ft 
29% 26M 


A40 4J 13 17 17ft 17ft 17ft -ft 

_ B 10 5% Sft 5% *'4 

UelO - 17 B 7% 8 

- ,S JS fS . 4V * 

_ _ Ug lft |v n ivu — Vu 

Hh 2.2 11 7 '4ft 14*4 14*4 —ft 

■” S3 'ft 1ft IVu -Vu 

_ 185 ft 'Vu %— ft, 
Z - JJJ* £% «7% * ft 


13% 12*4Cambrn _ _ 10 

2ft 2MCambwiA _ _ 2 

B ft \9VaCarntarx JO .9 13 2 

W 10 CMarcs JB _ _ 3 

25% 16 CdnOciJ m _ 602 

12*4 9WCaoR12 IJB 9A 21 10 

IS II CapREI 1AB T3A 23 5 

Uft 8%Crtmd , _ - 5 17 

78*463 CoroPpf 500 7A _ IlM 

14% BftCartnarn _ 47 3» 

% ftCaspm _ _ 50 

reftCaineA AB Z1 19 45 

22ftCmFd lAOa 7J _ 4 

AftCatrtLt _ 13 34 

SWCnvolHS JM A 12 2SJ 

4%CenfTcn _ 345 1 

l^SSpriT* 1 JO 7A Z 2M 

4%CFCda o -01 J _ 80 

UftConfSe IA5« 97 „ 16 

6*4C>vCin A61 8A _ »7 


SftChad A 1 
2 OiDavA 
2Vi,ChOevB 
13 ChpEn 
HHOvtMM 


~ 26 137 
- 40 116 
-39 7 

_ 14 489 
_ _ 176 


8 ChJPwr .11 .9 10 15 

6 aievSns „ 10 7207 

13%chral - _ 71 

24S4Qtf1ntpf 1A1 7J _ 65 

3*4 Chiles - 31 375 

20%Oritespf 1J0 6J - 7 

SftGrcoPti _ P 74 


SftCrcoPt, _ » 74 

matodet „ _ _ 236 

6*4CtzRJ JHe J IS 213 

6%OfiZlnc _ 33 64 

ZlftOearCs _ 54 105 

ftjCfinicp _ _ 1613 

6 Coo-JD _ 14 3 

lMCoanirm _ _ 31 

9 CohenStr A8 7.1 .. 30 

13*4 Cahu J4 1A 10 21 

16ftCalAgpfA2J0 10.1 _ S 

9%CaHAHpf 3J2MZA _ 483 

MCoiOata _ 47 98 

SVuCWU, _ _ 334 

7%C0IRE1 10.15C _ 7 4 

6V4CmdAstn J60 19 „ Xin 

"ftSESS? Z Z ifg 

-30® 2J 38 *3 

7HQnHWI „ _ 10 10 

SftCanvnn 2J0I _ 9 821 

AMCnwSE _ 33 1 

9 emtw AS 8.7 1013 U 

IftCOrNGn _ _ _ 106 

6ftCour1td -28 e 19 _ 10 

12% Cross A4 19 271 ® 

14*40nCP - 18 33 

12%CmCPB „ - 16 9 

13 Owner -U A 18 262 

maufcsAm — — 15 

lBftCubt 53 ll W TO 

U Cunce A4 4A _ ffl 

3UCustmd - 13 30 

VjCycom n — - 30 





170 



m . 

33 


. 

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50 



34 

am 


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147 

a 


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73 


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537 


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11 

18 

Jt 

u 

• 

19S 

A3t 

AD 

17 

53 

.12 

S 

75 

fl 



15 

15 


_ 


145 



23 

44 


_ 

34 

15 


_ 

19 

33 


M 

41 

35 

IJ7 

9£ 

— 

14 


B 11 30 6 

54 43 . 4 

A9a 7A _ 303 
AO 6A _ U 

- 9 28 

._ _ 7 

_ _ 195 
_ IB 40 

.76 13 11 7 

A6 11 13 5 

1JS 5.1 _ IB 
JT J 61 2638 
■30 2.9 9 18 

_ _ 39 

_ 64 77 

- - BS 
_ 29 570 

; : M ? 
_ a ia 

_ „ 213 

A8® U - 39 

- A 6 
IJD 4A _ 124 

Z a 

- _ 1B42 


» 11 »2 

HI 96 6% 

- » ft 

12 176 15ft 
_ 1 2 % 

13 40 34 

16 63 5 

- 30 

9 108 36*4 
_ 4U7BV4 
* 15ft 
... 142 10*4 
109S 10% 
8 15 7% 

_ 7«a^> 

1! 5 155 

-. 9» 7V, 
_ 6 33% 

4 5 4 

13 1 17% 

19 539 24% 
27 a 29ft 


1 12*4 12*4 — % 
1 d 2*4 2*4 —ft 
1 21% 2*% *% 
1 11*4 11% — *4 
1 17% Uft _ 
1 lift 11% +% 
1 1314 12% _ 

1 07m 8ft „ 

62*4 64ft ♦ I 
1 9 9 —ft 

1 'D ft — 
22% 22ft _ 
S% 22*4 -Ve 
9*4 9% -ft 
13% UH -ft 
5*4 5% -ft 
% ft -Vu 
20% 20*4 —ft 
5% Sft _ 
left 17 -H 
7% 7*4 —ft 

a a% —ft 

2ft 2% _ 

7Vu 2V], _ 

26*4 27ft —ft 
22ft aft —ft 
U 1* 

8% 8ft —ft 
16% 16ft _ 
74ft a _ 
Sft 5% _ 

23% 23ft -ft 
9ft 9ft _ 
5ft 5ft —Vi 
f 9 -ft 
8 8 —ft 

36ft 34*4—1 

t55 t5 -% 

2ft 2ft « 
9ft 9ft -ft 
16ft 16% -ft 
24ft 24ft -ft 
24% 25V, -1 
«r#u 4> Vu —ft 
4Vu 47i* — Vu 
10ft IDft _ 
Sft 6*4 —ft 
13ft 13% _ 

*4 % _ 

a 8 — w 

13 13 — ft 

lift lift •% 
3% JVu -Vu 
6ft 6ft - 
10ft 10ft — % 
3ft 2*4 _ 

7ft 7ft — ft 
16% 16% —ft 
lHuiBft, -Vu 
16% 16*4 -ft 
18% 19 -V* 
2V, 2ft _ 
*B% 1 Bft -ft 
15% 16% -% 
2*1, 2% „ 
V« *u— ft. 


U'u - 
2 —ft 
1% -Vu 
6*4 -ft 

^ - 
4% —ft 
3% —ft 

*-* 
11 -ft 
7% -ft 

an —% 

4*4 —ft 
IVu - Vu 
3% -ft 
17ft -ft 
B _ 
9% *» 
U _ 
15*4 —ft 
8*k _ 

9ft — *4 
10 —ft 
4% -ft 
8% —ft 

’Silts 

a% -ft 
14ft _ 
Mft —ft 
10*4 —ft 
10% _ 

20ft —ft 
Mft -ft 
9ft -ft 
2V* _ 

8*4 —ft 
6*4 -ft 
Sft -ft 
>8 -*4 

Sft -ft 
3*4 -ft 
*5% —ft 
14% -ft 
10% -ft 
10% -ft 
lift - 
7% - 

Mft * 'A 
IVu IV|| — % 
(W Sft —ft 
U6% 4% _ 

ft a _ 
15% 1 5% —ft 
TA Sft „ 
33% 33% - 

4% 5 

9 9ft - 
25*4 36ft -ft 
77ft 77% — ft 

15% Uft _ 
10% 10ft _ 
10% 10ft -Vu 
7 7 —ft 

Wft 20V. - ft 
154% 154 ft -ft 
Tft 7ft _ 
23% 33% _ 

4 4 —ft 

17% 17*4 -ft 
34% 34% -ft 
39*1 29*4 •% 


44% 34 PortoCA _ 

52ft 28'A ForsUO 
ft VuFrtlPIWt _ 

4ft l%FrtV0l 
3Vu 1 ForurrtR _ 

8% 5%FrkAdvn AS I0u0 
6% 4ftFrfcREn JO TOJ 
Sft 3 Frk5«n AO 97 
5% TftFrkSupn _ 

flv, agar z 

9% MRoaiut „ 

4% 3ftFrtertn .16b ia 
lTftiZftPrlschs J4b2A 
3*4 mFrtWAtf JOa 3A 


aI 2T Si 

MS 2ft 21% 
4 1% Tft 

3 6% 6ft 

62 4% 4% 

14 4% 4*4 

53 lUdlJt 
3 Vu *C 
22 4% 4 

M 6 Sft 
1 4*4 4*4 

13 17*4 dT2W 
10 2ft 2*4 


34% —ft 
63*4 —ft 
% -Vu 
2*4 — ft 

a — ft 
—ft 
4*6 _ 

4% _ 


12 Monin 
HMt Low Stock 

IS 9 Lunw 
15% 7*4 Lurk, 


Ctv Yld PE TSOs Hhh LnwLaetfOfB® I Kgh Law stock 


DM YM PE MB Hdl LowUHtfOYoe 


DtV YM Pg W0» HWi towUHROfoe 


12% 7ftGotnsa> JMb J 13 
IBH 8HGa!xCPl _ - 

Tft 3 GomaB .10 IJ 21 
36 ft 22 Goran AOa 16 8 

8 rags®. :: 

18ft lOftGMITlSCS _ 18 

3% QuGenKinef - - 

13% 8*4G«nvDr J4b 20 13 
26% 19ftGiantPd JJ 15 M 

9 6%G8»nCR .16 U M 

17ft lOVrGtcWatr _ M 

19% TSftGtatirr JO 4A 31 
4ft 2'lGtotOcfI JBe 2J „ 
17ft HftGlbSmln _ _ 

14ft 5%Glab(«ik _ 128 

3ft iWGoVidro _ 23 

17"/, a'AGtdShn-n w - 

1 HGIdRd _ - 

15 7%GMwSwn _ 11 

3ft lftGronoB _ _ 

7% 4%Granm _ - 

7 3V»GmTotn _ _ 

22 fiftGreyLne _ _ 

33ftl 3ft GrSwnec _ _ 

5*4 WuGrdnB _ _ 

4ft 2%GHCdoa - _ 

3ft SftGUCctapr _ - 

Sft X'uGuOLb _ - 

12ft SHGtnWe _ 11 

8*1 5»HMGDOt - _ 

7 HHMGwtA „ 

7ft 4*4 HMS — 3 

9 6%HrtHax J4 15 W 

9 6%HtdEP AOallA 40 

3ft IftHaSffity _ _ 

TVUPVuHUmv . _ _ 

Tft SHHaiwH A4t 144 - 
7% 4 HansOr _ 

7ft3’V,,HanvDir _ » 

".ft VuHanwtB - - 

l'Vu JVuHorteen _ _ 

5 2'VulirtlVi, _ 11 

MW SHttarotd A71 7A 39 
71 h % Harvard _ _ 

40V, Mft Hasbro JO TJ 13 ! 
5% 2ftHad>wt - _ 

4ft 2HHBtlOt _ 10 

4% ftHhhPra _ _ 

3ft 1 HBhAm _ _ 

uHioftHoorttnd _ _ 

14% 9 Heica . .15 IA 39 

TftTOftHefionet JDt S _ 

S HHetnR* _ - 

Bft Hernia 0 JOa _ _ 

WftHnoMd _ _ 

RuHSiTcn _ _ 

MftMoMncn 1J» « _ 
2S*4HoltyCn AO IA 7 
UftHmcOH — _ 

12ft SM Hondo _ _ 

Zb 9 *3S& M *f z 

Uft 9%HavnEn _ II 

10 SHHawMt _ _ 


5% 3 KXtUa .15 44 
Uft 7% Id 

4Vu iHiaemhc __ _ 

15% THItnpfffv AS 5J 
39ft 29 ImoO Wo 1A0 - 

20% l3fttaoCWCT Mm 19 
4V, 7%Inc3>ar - 

11% 6%tocyten 
11% 9%lne(Mkt JDl® .1 

Uft fHImtron .lie U 

25ft 7%Mefcm - 

2% DtuMn 
3>Vu ZfttoOPd _ 

8 2ftlnS»r*3 _ 

25% 7%mrmon Jlt 14 
6% IHhRiYet 
13% 7%ML«ry _ 

I VuMtMuvfe _ 

7% 3*6bdMur _ 

4ft 3 MPwr _ 

6% 3*4 IRIS 

ift % Infract _ 

VA * InfThroh 
3B%14T,lv0xCi» JM A 
tsw 9*4 Jactvn AO 3A 

n% 6% Jam >1 

14 4%Jaiffl®B _ 

13 Bftjanem AO 6.9 
3t% IVuJoule 
12% TftKVPtlB 
19% 7WKVF91A 
40ft 19% Keane c _ 

21ft &%KeirOC JH 10fi 
15*4 vftKetema - 

S SHKmErw - 

3%lGnarfe _ 

23% 16 Kirby _ 

UH afttGTMflB _ 

10% 4 KleiVus _ 

9% (ftICMriea 

3% TVSKooEqwt 
12% 7 L SBIitd M J 
6 SrtuLXRBton 

,%,asss, AO a 
4% Jft UKMF C _ 

1IU 4%Lnrtzz _ 

9% 5 Loser - 

7% 2%LsrT«rtt _ 

10 7%Lauren — 

9H SftLQZKop - 

3% lVuLeePnr _ 

2SH24 Le hGTti n _ 

3S%28%LetK7RCL.A31 6A 

13 3*uLenYenwf 

B% 4V«LelXJYw> - 

ft ftUetmPd - 

22*4 IlftLfcVtem JO 1.1 
■A- VqrLiDvun _ 

27% l'numo'i 
8% IftLeriCa - 


_ IS 3% 

V Ml M 

z ’H 8 

_ 677 29% 

- « 2 m 

* u ,ra 

_ 10 9% 

23 a 10 

_ m 12% 

=,s » 

» 10 il^ 
_ in 1% 

- 4 7% 

- 270 % 

IS <» ft, 
12 ffl 3ft 
17 71 4% 

- * % 

- 22 5 

fi 1O0 16% 

_ 32 13 

- 72 10% 

- 172 6% 

_ M 8% 
15 15 »u 

Z 163 8% 

X 68 33*4 
62 Z70 8ft 
S 8 U% 
73 ID SW 

11 TO 4% 

71 35# 17% 
19 14 13% 

_ 10 4% 

33 » tft 

-13% 

12 102 7% 

_ 3tt 4 

7 50 1% 

M 100 13% 

7 T40 3 ra 

27 69 SJ 
9 5010% 

33 139 U 9ft 

z IA 

- 72 34% 

- 199 4% 

- 65 5 

,6 35 19* 

"5 5 ft 

- 303 7% 


16 8 "-? 

19% +*4 
1% +% 

n£ +V ' 

V* -K 

16% -ft 
16 - 

,r-; 

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10 — % 

7ft —ft 
3*4 — % 

'Sfe ft 

2% —% 
5 -H 
5% - 

6%— ft 

a -5 

a% _ 

3*4 — Hi 

5* *’* 

4% _ 

4Vr — Ve 

!fc+c 

4Vu *% 
12% —ft 
Uhl — 
29ft —ft 
7% —1 ft 
7ft _ 
*4 _ 

1%, — 
lift — *4 
10 _ 
3ft _ 

0*4-* 
17% -ft 

35 za 
10% — % 
9% — 

ft -Vu 
9*4 -ft 
6ft — % 


3Vu 3*4 -H 
Bft Sft— ft 

rara-* 

29*4 29% _ 

20% 20% _ 

mg m2 —% 
9ft 9ft _ 
m 9% -*% 
lift 12% -ft 

2Wu 2«*<u— %, 

I7Y, 17ft -ft 
Ift IH -% 
7*4 7*4 _ 

Vu ft -Vu 
4ft Aft —ft 

as arts 

5* S* — *4 
15% 16 — % 

12*4 13 -ft 

10 10 -ft 

6 6 — *4 

8*4 MS —ft 

traits 

7ft Tft— ft 
9%32%— 1*4 
7*4 .8 -ft 
14*4 14*4 —ft 
5*4 5V4 _ 

4% 4% —ft 

12 

4*4 4*4 _ 

Bft Bft— % 
3*6 3*4— Vu 
dSH 7ft — *Z 
d 3*4 3*4— Vu 

rara-s 

SW 5*4 _ 

A A —ft 
18% 10ft -ft 
9*4 9% —ft 
1V M IVu _ 
24*4 34% -Vt 
33% 33% — *4 

394 ffit— Vu 
«% S -Vu 

1,5 ,9* -5 
& 2“ -z 



-15 U urn IBM ink _ 
- 10 44 8 Tft 7ft _ 


_ 10 7ft 7ft 

5 12 «%, % 

16 51 14 13M 

8 16 25*4 35*4 

9- 53 7ft 7ft 
53 105 -Wu IVu 
_ 46 UftdlfH 

a 56 8ft BH 
_ 51 34*4 33H 

8 4 7*4 7*4 

- 112 Uft 13*4 

3? S 27™ aSS 

72 32* 2Vu 2 
_ 1 2ft 2ft 

58-30 3*4 

11 23 1«4 16ft 

i ” m ra 

_ a *4 *4 

= 4 a a 


19 5 15 15 

10 157 21ft 21% 

13 1 5*4 5% 

9 IS 6ft 6ft 

14 77 IBH 18*4 

16 3 10% 10% 

- a f% 9 

9 5 3* 36 

_ M 6*4 6% 

- 1 13 U.. 

1 9% 9% 

61 a A'A 4ft 

11 llS ’3& 'SS 

Z 30 a® ra 

z ’g r 5% 

- 29VU1M4 19ft 

-3 9% A 
_ 327 * ,8ft 

- 13 12% 12 

15 15 20ft 28ft 

93 1 Mft 14ft 

- 358 6ft 6'A 

3 1971 7*6 

- 72 6 % 6 % 

30 10 16*4 16% 

_ S3 IWu 2*4 

2 27% 27*4 

33 34 Sft 8% 

17 5 9ft 9ft 

U 174 21 20ft 
_ 12 9% 9*4 

57 (96 24*4 24 
_ 2S4 11*4 11% 
_ 368 11% lift 
21 238 U 7*4 7 

2 1 Bft Bft 

_ 77 «* 5*4 

32 54 m 2ft 

- 138 8% Bft 

_ 30 7ft .7ft 

13 8 18*4 10*4 


49 lift 11 
5 Uft Uft 
24 12ft 12ft 
38 12*4 12 


6 lift lift 
37 lift lift 
74 U 12ft 
32 lift 11% 

"7 } ia na 
6 12 11% 
20 12ft 12ft 


5% _ 

6ft —5 

18% -ft 
10% _ 
9 —ft 

T3 -ft 
9% _ 

4*4 -ft 
Uft— ft 
2%,-Vu 


14% TftO Off - 

C M 3J 
34*425 OWen J* J 

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l2% ? Ori^A AO JS 
12% 6%3rkUHB JO 1U 
7ft 3WPLCSVS _ 

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3*4 IftPWlgJwf - 

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st* wr « g 

7*4 <V,PenaO_ JO 4A 
Mft fftPwirfc — M - 

^ - 

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6ft 2%PWRd - 

Xft2VftPtnwvA » “ 
il SftPtoRse - 

25% lOHPtvfiem - 13 
Bft SWPIVRA 
8% SftPtyRB - 




10J4 —ft 

2a 

VI -ft 

i&Zfc 

*»-« 

3ft 

1W— ft 
15% —ft 

IF-is 

Mft 

25% — S 

gk-% 

71% —ft 

3ft— *4 
Sft _ 
9% — M 
2*4 - 

1% -M 
12% _ 
0ft *% 
13% —ft 
13*4 -ft 
15% -ft 

i> w 

A3t 

4ft -ft 

w - 

7% 


38% 28 POMhc 2J2 7 J M 38 ,32% 

7ft ftPONWt - _ 56 Sft 

12% 6%R«TOs _ 141 Bft 

lift «4Pn*eO _ _ . 12 7% 

10% 3WPratHfl _ IS 

Wft 15 PrcAUn AO 3-9 M 17 

2Vu lftPTPdLa _ 17 138 

% ftProdL wt _ _ 8 

72ft 21 RrPrt-Pf 2A0 VIA - 6 

Tjft limi| AO 7A 15 ^2 

3% IftMcmEni I 4 m 

m 5*4 Proper J8 AS 11 28 

Tlft^Pr^S 1J8 6J7 22 21 

24 inkPUSM TAB BO 11 4 

17H14*4R>S17 1.12a 7J 12 O 

20% 17 PB5T1 1-28 a 6L3 12 1 

20W 15ft PbS’ 1A6 8-9 10 4 

18*4 *5 PB&nO . 1AD A.1 12 3 

1BV6T4MPb»12 1J8 BA 12 3 

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International Herald Tribune 
63 Long Acre, London WC2E 9JH, England 
Tel: (44 71) 836 4802 
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SPORTS 


Museeuw Takes Lead in Tour 


By Samuel Abt 

International Herald Tribune 

CALAIS, France — The 
dream ended for Chris Board- 
man here Tuesday afternoon 
and he did not wear the yellow 
jersey of the Tour de France's 
leader when the bicyde race 
traveled hours later to his native 
England 

He rode heroically at the 
front of his Gan team, powering 
it along for kilometer after kilo- 
meter of a 66.5- kilometer (41.3- 
mile) windswept and hilly 
course in a team time trial In 
the end, though, bis teammates 
were amply not up to his pace. 

“I’m disappointed but that's 
racing.” tne even-tempered 
Boardman said. “We did our 
best" 

He did not seem despondent 
to have lost the jersey and the 
distinction of being the first En- 
glishman to wear it on British 
soil since the Tour began in 
1903. 

Gan finished 8th among the 
21 Tour teams, in 1 hour, 21 
minutes, 48 seconds. 

Far, far faster as team time 
trials are measured was the 
speed of the GB-MG team from 
Italy, which finished first in the 
long circuit from Calais to the 
nearby Eurotunnel under the 
English Channel. 

GB-MG, which also won last 
year's team time trial, was 
clocked in 1:20.31. That made 
Johan Museeuw — a name that 
will not trip lightly from British 
tongues — the man in yellow. 

A 28-year-old Belgian and a 
top rider in one-day classics but 
nor a man of the Tour’s moun- 
tains. Museeuw trailed Board- 
man by 23 seconds at the start 
of the race against the clock. 

The lead was established by 
Boardman, 25, in the Tour’s 
prologue on Saturday, which he 
won easily, with Museeuw sev- 
enth. Boardman kept the yellow 
jersey on his shoulders through 
the two daily stages after the 
prologue and he had those three 
jerseys in his luggage when the 
train carried the first 


Tuesday’s stage was made es- 
pecially difficult by winds off 
the Channel which kept flags 
snapping in the harbor of Ca- 
lais, a major crossing point by 
ferry to England, 42 kilometers 
away. Although the chalk cliffs 
of Dover can be seen on a clear 
day, they were hidden in haze 
during the race. 

Otherwise the weather was 
i deall y sunny and cool for the 
vast number of fans again out 
to see tire Tour. For the riders, 
the stiff winds, which blew from 
aO directions during the stage, 
were a problem. 

Since the time of a team’s 
fifth man across the line is given 
to aD of the first five, the point 
is to keep as many as possible 
— but certainly five — of the 
nine starters together. That was 
not easy. 

Only the Telekom team from 


Germany could do it, and it 
finished 14th. The leading 
teams rarely slowed for a trail- 
ing rider unless he was their 
fifth man. 

Boflidman’s team had much 
and varied troubles keeping five 
riders together. Equipment fail- 
ure, flats, near-crashes and fa- 
tigue all slowed Gan’s speed. 

“We set too hard a pace ori 
the hills,” said Greg LeMond, 
one of Boardman's teammates. 
LeMond fell slightly behind on 
the last hill, a Z-shaped road 
viable from afar because of the 
spectators thick along its sides, 
and the team had to wait briefly 
for him. 


crowd barrier. Again the team 
slowed to let him catch up.' 


Then, a few kilometers later. 
Eddy Seigneur, another Gan 
rider, rook a right turn badly 
and needed to take his right 
foot off the pedal to steady him- 
self before he crashed into a 


At the front, Boardman was 
taking extraordinarily long 
turns as the powerhouse. The 
Olympic champion in pursuit 
and former holder of the world 
record for the hour's ride 
a gains t the dock, both solitary 
disciplines, may have been too 
strong and too eager for his 
teammates in this race. 

More than once, for example, 
be looked back to see if another 
rider was ready to replace him 
and serve a minute or two as the 
pacesetter. And more than 
once, nobody was up to die job, 
so Boardman had to keep lead- 
ing. 


sey 


He was losing his yellow jer- ȣ? 
y and he knew it and there ' v. 



was nothing more he could do -J _ 

to help himself. As the name / • .. - ^ tw. 

says.it’sa team time trial. Johan Museeuw of Belgium, center, and ids GB-MG teammates mxr the team time trral fear tbe secondstraigb* year. 



Rangers Walk by Tigers 


tunnel as it is known, since it 
opened in May. 

Museeuw wore his jersey 
aboard as the Tour set sail for 


Btjb Babr'Ajmx F ai w P l W 

Colorado center fielder Mike Klngevy nabbed QaaBen HDTs pop fly in the first game, but tbeftm was just beginning. 


The Associated Pnos 

In. the weak ‘American 
League West, where no victory 
seems to come simply, the Tex- 
as.Rangers were happy *o ac- 
cept a gift from Mike Gardmec. 

Will dark drew a four-pitch 
walk from Gardiner with the 
bases loaded and one ootin the 
bottom of the ninth Monday 
night, giving the Rangers a 4-3 
win over the Detroit Tigers.' 

“He never threw me any- 
thing, so it was fairly easy,” 
Clark said. 

The victory increased the 
Texas lead in the division to 
four games over Seattle and 
Oakland, the Rangers are only 
39-42, however, making them 
the first team in inqor league 
history to be -in first place on 
Juty 4 with a record below .500. 

Oddibe McDowell singled 
with one out against Gardiner. 
Jeff Frye followed with a dou- 

frl c that had a cfaanCC tQ drfvcin 

McDowell, but he polled his 
left hamstring as he neared 


third base and was later placed 

onthe. disabled UsL 
The Tigers’ manager, Sparky 
Anderson, had Gardiner mten- 
tionaHy walk Jose Canseco, 


It'sa very simple derision to 
make,” . Anderson said. **lt 


AL ROUNDUP 


doesn’t take much mentality. 
Even a moron would goalee iL” 
Athletics 4* Yankees 0: Steve 

Ontiveros extended his score- 
less streak to 24- innings as Gak- 
landwtminNewYork. 

Ontiveros gaveupfdtfiTiits in 
Q/s innings, and four other 
“ hitless re- 


land, playing at home, swept 
Minnesota. The Indians out- 
scored the Twins, 32-12, hfjrctr 
first four-game sweep agfinst 
Minnesota since; 1984. 

Candy Maldonado's two-run 
double off Jim Deshaies made it 
3-1 in the fourth. Dave Winfield 
homered, tripled and singled 
for Minnesota. 

Blue Jays 9, Royals 4: Joe 
Carter hit his 17th homer and 
drove in four runs as Toronto 
won in Kansas City for only its 
third victoiy.. in its last 16 


The A’s have woomneof 10 
and IS of their last 18. Hew 
York has log four of-fiVe? 

Troy Neel hit a two-run 
homer off Scott KnjmejTjedid. 
Mark McGwire also homered 
for Oakland. • ‘ • 1 ’’ ■ *. * 


England — set throttle, at least. 


: now leads the 81st edition 
of the Tour by 10 seconds over 
Miguel Indurain, the winner of 
the last three Tours and a rider 


Cubs’ Fans Suffer Through a True Test of Loyalty" 


who is looking better every day. 

ricked up 34 


The Spaniard also picked up 
seconds on his major rival, 
Tony Ronringer, the Swiss rider 
whose Mapci-Oas team came 
in fifth Tuesday. 

Indurain's Banesto team fin- 


ished a surprising third, 18 sec- 
ehind GB-MG. Sa 


onds behind GB-MG. Sand- 
wiched between them was 
Motorola, which came in six 
seconds down. 

That fine result vaulted 
the Motor- 
: over- 
Mu- 

seeuw. The American has been 
optimistic for days about his 
chances in the two stages in 
England. 

Boardman fell to 20th over- 
all, 54 seconds back 



The Associated Press 

On a lazy holiday afternoon, 
the Colorado Rockies and Chi- 
cago Cubs began their double- 
header under almost perfectly 
clear sides. 

Ten hours and 10 minutes 
later — after three lengthy rain 
delays, a broken hand, an “1 got 
it, no, you got it” fly ball and 
other oddities — everyone fi- 
nally went home. 

“We even ran out of food,” 
said tbe Cubs’ catcher, Rick 
Wilkins. “That’s a long day 
right there.” 

So it went on July 4 at Wrig- 
ley Field, where the Cubs won 
the opener, 4-3, and the Rockies 
won the nightcap, 4-2, in 15 

inning s. 

Only about 1,000 fans re- 
mained from a crowd that had 
numbered 37,167. One was Bob 


Ferguson, a 57-year-old banker 
whose half-day at the ballpark 
seemed to warp his sense of 
what a true baseball fan is. 

“Fm a real fan. I want to see 
the end of it,” he said. But he 
added, “My wife, who is a real 


NL ROUNDUP 


baseball fan, left after the 12th 

inning .” 

The first game offered no 
hint of what was to come. It was 
simply a close game was derid- 
ed m the bottom of the ninth 
when Glenallen Hill tied the 
score with a sacrifice fly and 
Derrick May won it with a two- 
out single. 

Then, lightning and thunder- 
storms began rolling in off Lake 
Michigan. 

A 34-minute rain delay inter- 


rupted the sixth inning of the 
nightcap. 

Kevin Roberson^ pinch-hit-, 
ting for Chicago, struck out and 
punched a door in the dub- 
house in anger. He broke his 
hand and was going on the 15- 
day disabled list 

Mike Haikey, a former Cub, 
lost his shutout in the ninth on 
Steve Buechele's bloop RBI an- 
gle. 

Colorado scored in the 11th 
for a 2-1 lead, but shortstop 
Walt Weiss made two straight 
errors in the bottom of the in- 
ning, allowing the Cubs to tie. 

In the top of the 14th, rain 
stopped play for 59 minutes. 

In the top of the 15th, Dante 
Bichette hit a high fly to right- 
center and outfielders Sammy 
Sosa and Eddie Zambrano let it 
drop between them at the base 


of the wall. Two runs scored, 
making it 4-2. 

_ Tbeni t ramedagai^and 52 
rinhhtes fitter play resumed — 

a gain 

The game ended when Greg 
Harris retired Sosa on a liner to 
center. 

Expos 5, Dodgers 1: Butch 
Henry pitched 6% scoreless in- 
nings and Larry WaBcer got 
three hits, one a homer, as Mon- 
treal won in Los Angeles. 

Henry allowed five hits in the 
third start this season in which 
he pitched shutout ball and 
failed to finish. He lowered his 
earned-rua averae to 22 6, but 
hasn’t pitched enoug h imrings 
this reason to qualify for the 
ERA race. 

Astros 13, Cardinals 6: Tony 
Eusebio had a career-high four 
hits and four RBIs and Andujar 


Cedeno drove in four rims in St 
Louis as Houston, with IS hits 

fimeui eii&f* 

Pbffltes 10, Padns 4: Todd 
Pratt. who entered the game in 
San Diego hitting .150 with no 
RBIs, doubledin three runsand 
hit a two-run homer for Phila- 
delphia. 

AE-Star Danny Jackson al- 
lowed a season-high 12 hits in six 
innings, but still got the victoiy 
and extended Ms Streak of not 
allowing a walk to 21 innings. 

Mets 2, Giants .1: Jim Linde- 
man’s leadoff homer in the 10th 
gave New York its victory in 
San Francisco. 

Reds 5, Martins 1; 

Sanders broke the 

with a two-run, ^ 

homo' and Cincinnati won in 
Miami 


Orioles Mariner* 3t Leo 
Gomez homered twice mid Bal- 
timore again hit a lotsrf Jong 
balls in beating visiting Seattle. 

Pula Hodies BnclJrfArJr 
McLemore also homered. The 
Orioles have hit L3 home runs 
in their last four games!. 

Sid Fernandez, side- 
tin ed for threewe eks became of 
a strained nb-t^e muscle, was 
activated from the disabled fist 
before tbe game and went five 
innings. Mark' Eichhorn 
pitched four scoreless imringa 
for his first save. ' 

Chris Bosio gave up a home 
run to Gomez in the sixth in- 


a pitch. Before the seventh, 
Bosio got into a healed -argu- 
ment with DiBwoodMenilL 
Mike Blowers hit a home inn 
and drove in a& three of tbe 
Mariners* scores. Ken Griffey 
has gone nine games since his 
32d home run, matching Ms 
longest drought of the season. 

fndfana 7, Twfa» Is .Dennis 
Martinez pitched a six-hitter to 
win his sixth straight as Oeve- 


The Bine Jays were held hit- 
less by Bob Milacki before 
breaking loose for five runs in 
the sixth. John Olerod keyed 
the outburst with a two-run 
ri qnWe, malting him 5-for-8 with 
the bases loaded this season. 

‘ Dick Schofield homered and 
drove ini two runs for Toronto. 
Mitrp Macfariane hit a pair of 
two-run homes* for the Royals. 

Scar 3* Brewers. 2: 
PmpH -hitter Norbccto Martin 
doubled home the winning run 
•with two outs in the bottom of 
the ninth as Ch1«agn beat visit- 
ipg^ Milwaukee. 

Craigs Grcbcck doubted with 
two outs off Ricky Bones and 
Ron Kaxkovice went in JB a 
pinch- runner . The Briers’ 
manager, Fh2 Garner, brought 
mJiKseOrasooover objections 
byJBones, and Martin broke an 
Wqr-19 slump whh the win^ 
rung hh. ■ ■-■ 

Red Sox 4, Ai^ris 1: Scott 
Cooper's two-rundouble hi^a- 
lighted a four-run second white 
Roger Clemens struck out 10 
and. allowed only two hits in 
seven shutout innings as Boston 
beat visiting California. 

Ctemeos (7-4) left the game 
with tightness in Ms right groin. 
The Red .Sox said it was too) 
early to tcR whether he would 
mbs Ms last start before the All- 
Star break. Last year, be missed 
nearly a month because of s 
strained right groin muscle. 

Boston, nas won 10 in a row 
against die Angels. 


f 

r 


M* 


C4H 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 



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IN LUXEMBOURG 


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PORTS WORLD CU 



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-i ;■• jsi&d 


By Evdyn Nieves 

New Twft Tima Strfce 

NORTH. BERGEN, New 
Jersey —This is very, very, 
not special** Gagraro SincW 

Wand Cup fan fy way of Mexi- 
co Gty, was gnaping, and it 
wasn t a language proWan ihat 
was tying his tongue. It was 
good manners. 

. He was on Route-2&9, scorn- 
ing a room along a strip of mo- 
tes usually left to dead-tired 
trackers and one-hoar s tands . 
After bearing of the ‘Inexpen- 
sive accoxnmod^ons” from 
fellow soccer fans, he was look- 
ing for something his wife 
might like. 

-I thin k," he said, “h is im- 
possible;” 

'Welcome, World Cup fans, 
to a part of the Garden State 
where there’s not a garden in 
tight. Thousands oT soccer fans 
are here in dead-giveaway rent- 
al cars, surveying the turnpike, 
the factories, the strip matte — 
all the things New Jersey would 
love to hide. And while they’ve 
descended on the roadside Ra- 
tnadas, Howard Johnsons, and 
Days Inns, they’ve also found 
their way- to the local no- tdl: 
mgjds, jtfve minutes from either 
magtown or the Mieadowlaads. 

The motds are reaping word- 
of-mouth business from World 
.On* pilgrims who come without 
tickets, without reservations, 
without a due, really. Hey, the 
establishments welcome the 
chance to reinvent themselves 
for a while. 

The York Mold, which sits 
on a lodge above Route 495, on 
the eastboond approach to die 
Lincoln Tunnel, even gussied 
up for the occasion, sporting a 
fresh coat of mint-green paint. 
And it put up a “Welcome 
World Cap” sign in big black 
letters for *B the world to see, 
until management grew tired of 
it after two weeks and returned 
the “Day rate $20 and up” ad. 

“We are all getting busi- 
ness!" said Nitin DesaL who 
works the front desk.. 

Let the politicians say what 
they win about the Wond Cup 
being a boon for tourism. The 
hardcore soccer buffs come 
from thoasands of miles away, . 
see their game and leave: What 
does it matter where they stay? 

“The fans come just for one 
night, just for the soccer," said 
Daneshkum Patel, with somo- 
tlvjftg Hke amazement He is a 




•f * -J+- -*t 





W:T " -~- 


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Fans c e le b r dj qg te Manhattan ate BraaTs 1-0 victory. 


clerk at the Seville. Motel on 
Route 1&9, where rates are S27 
far three hours ($30 far a mir- 
rored room), $32 for five hours 
($36 for smTors) aid $42 a 
night, weeknights. 

Hard as ibe locals naght find 
it to bdieve, all - the motels 
raised their prices by $5 or 
more, expecting they’d be over- 
booked. But- mat hasn't been 
the case... 

“It’s true that people in the 
United States are not that inter- 
ested in soccer,” Desaisaid, dis- 
appointed that the York hadn't 
sold out. 

What the York, and a few of 
the other motds, hadn’t antici- 
pated was that soccer fans who 
can’t get tickets want their cable 
TV. “We would have had more 
people^” Dean lamented, “if 
only we had cable!” •: 

At the Meadovdands Motel, 
one of every four customers on 
mine nights & here for the 
World Cap, and the only cable 
TV is rathe bar. Rajni Patel, a 
clerk, said cable had never been 
an issue in the rooms. 

“The short stay — two hours 
— is our maos business," Bald 
said sheepishly, as the condom 
vending by the front 

door hadn't said it for him. . 

Ii?s no woader that thePalace 
Hotel and the Days Inn are 
sharing honors for having the 
classiest accommodations on 
the strip. Both have cable, nei- 
tfaer have day rates. . 

“We are afferent,” said Na- 
deea Butt, a Palace front-desk 
manager. 

- Before H became World Cup 
famous, the Palace’s selling 
point was its hop to the Lincoln 
DnmeL Now; on game nmhfs, 
the 127-roonr hotd ($55 a 


night) isneady sold out “When - 
Ireland was here; whew, that 
was something else," Butt said. 
•' He has seen a lot of fans like 
AJq'aodro Zazoyx, who found 
the Palace after meeting some- 
one at Giants Stadium who rec- 
ommended h. With Ms mother, 
two friends and a friend’s son, 
Zazoya, from San Lois Pototi, 
Memo, had followed the Mexi- 
can team to Washington, to Or- 
lando, Florida, m Washington 
to New Jersey, winging it all the 
vu. So far, so good, he said. 

But he offered a glimpse of 
what the hardcore soccer fans 
may make of New Jersey. This 
is his party’s first trip hoe; and 
what hare they seen? The 
Meadowlands, where they 
bought tickets for Tuesday’s 
Menco-Bulgaria game at Gi- 
ants Stadium. The Turnpike: 
And the hotel 

**There really isn’t much 
here,” Zoespya said. He had to 
be convinced that North Bergen 
is a town, not a service read, 
and that New Jersey has restau- 
rants whhou drived windows. 

And back to Gaspare S4n- 
chez. Within ltis first two hours 
here, be. waltzed into a traffic 
jam ea route to the Meadow- 
d attfag ** up loan acci- 
dent when it was just the aver- 
age S P.M. flow. He was cursed 
byaleea-ager having a bad hair 
day when he honked as she 
walked too far out along Route 
1&9. Not the stuff of Miami 
horror stories, but no walk in 
the park. 

StiS, he was chipper. 

“The main thing,” he said, “is 
for Mexico to win. We van, we 
go home happy.” 

If they lose? “We go home:” 

Either way, they leavo. 






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Dutch players Aron ’Whiter (20), Dennis Bergkamp (10) and Rob Whschge saluted the crowd, bat Ireland’s Gary' Kelly and fans in Dublin despaired. 


WORLD CUP WRAP-UP 


CofM bf Of fbam Dapatcha 

DALLAS — FIFA, saying it 
was frilly satisfied with security 
so far, reported that there had 
been only 312 arrests out of 
more than 2 million spectators 
attending matches as of Sun- 
day, and that more than half 
that number were for scalping 
tickets. 

“Owing to the good spirit of 
fans and their overall attitude, 
there has been no evidence of 
hooliganism and no significant 
incid ents have occurred so far," 
FIFA said in a statement. 

The fact that fans were not 
segregated has posed no prob- 


lems to date. Fans have been 
seen to enjoy the matches 
peacefully with a positive and 
sporting attitude.” 

FIFA said there bad been 
only seven reported cases of 
fans trying to invade the pitch. 

Only 12 people had been ar- 
rested on charges of drunken- 
ness and of the 833 people seek- 
ing medical treatment more 
than 95 percent were for heat- 
rdated problems. 

• Spanish police are hunting 
for a stone arm off one of Ma- 
drid’s best-known monuments 
during the revelry following the 
victory over Switzerland. 


Madrid fans traditionally 
gather after national team vic- 
tories at the 18th century Ci- 
bcles fountain, which contains a 
statue of the Greco-Roman 
goddess Cybtie riding a lion- 
drawn chariot. 

Vandals broke off one of the 
statue’s arms and carried it 
away early Sunday. 

That prompted Madrid's 
mayor, Jose Maria Alvarez del 
Manzano to appeal to fans “to 
share their joy in a civilized 
way” if Spain wins its quarterfi- 
nal Saturday. 

• In hopes of sparing Ire- 
land's team from the scorching 


beat in Florida, the Irish news- 
paper The Sunday Press pub- 
lished a prayer for rain for 
Monday’s match. 

The prayer, provided by the 
paper’s religious columnist, was 
primed on the from page. 

At match time, skies were 
overcast, temperatures cooler. 
Bui there was one other cloud: 
The Netherlands won, 2-0. 

• Celebration in the Hag”* 
turned violent, with windows 
smashed, stores robbed and 
cars set on fire. Police said 
about 50 people were arrested. 

• A farmer slabbed seven 


passers-by on a Bucharest street 
during a dispute sparked by 
Romania's historic victory over 
Argentina, police said. 

They said loan Caialin Ru- 
bina. 24 from the northeastern 
village of Mogosesti. was under 
the influence of aJcohoL One 
victim was in critical condition. 

• Sao Paulo police had to 
whisk away a young man who 
appeared in the middle of a cel- 
ebration with his face painted 
in the colors of the American 
flag and bearing a plastic Bra- 
zilian flag that he tried to rip in 
half. (AP. Reuters) 


Major league Standing* 

.. AMSKFCAM LXAOOE 


NawYorfc 

BoMrar* 

Boston 

DHrvIl 

Toronto 



dovriond 

48 36- 

415 

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35 46 

432 

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35 46 

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34 46 
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tDMUoa W—JfKAaorkn4.ti— Sandora. 34. HRs— FMto- 

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35 46 433 4 Montreal MB MB BIB-5 M' 1 

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S I i J nnorurau«t« *»i 

5 ^ AMERICAN LRACUE 

**, 444 15 SATTlMMnmM. Oleooa J»; 

. Om ofcnd. JM; Lollon. Cfovotand, SW 
2 ® ■* . JT . omw. Now York, J65IW. Clark. TV«oo.Jg; 

2 “ -*S- y , Fornan. Soaftio. JMj PcBmotm BnUtmom 

® ™ 

2 5 RUNS— THoraas. Chtam Of Lofton, 

A*. * 11% '■ ClownlonLM; ConooavTlN«M,7l jGctflov Jr. 

■““S- .aoattlo,Wf l*ollo.ClBy«lanWMf PWUMfcOo- 

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2 2 4OB0.76; BoUa. Clooofond.78; Ceowocn, Too- 

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re Siorru, Oaktand. 70. . 

idSenmi HIW— Cotto»vOovo>arxltT7; B*no.C3«vo- 

leOWIW |ond.TI2JTOO<nOfcCMc»B«fclB5« MolHoriTo. 

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TRtPU»-H, Johmon. CMca co. 12; ca lo- 
roan. Ka» a*r. 16s A. OtaMMogaha. 7; 

■) and BorrrtUU- W— tw- Lofton,<3 o *ol m d,7i McRaa. IConooo Cnv.B; 
mm mo i >t o WWM. Toronto if* «t t ltd wtt«»4 
2 2* SM ?! ! HOME RUNB-OrttMV ir- SeolMo, Mf 
-*7 "* m TfBMBO* CMOMWWEBIIA OBataod^re. 

Sc* non, CxrfHomta; ns O. Vow hrv Mow- 
aon tB. tkg ria (W m d better. Detroit » 

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US 02 ZZ! ' ; XaoMQUCtLMMnoncdfcMfUJota ^C^ 

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2! 2 US ■ ? . M, 3W, 348; Munlna SoWinora, 35B. 

“ •*_* "* ’ 1 us,- cm K«m City. »Wi J» 340. 
md3vrnolf?&orw^«ott- (TRiKEWn-ft. Jotmoan. SaotHW HH 
•odMWtndtxMdUtrw raniiiiL niiimin inr'n-**T ™- 

*' jJ - fUO aOL f * . O rtntiiN»V Tonsrfo, 103; APPlor, (Cnnsos QtY. 
MB BM OT~~t t ■ Wf a wm, OcWtond, 9*: Cone, Koraa* CHy, 

and Knorr; MltadU. Bo- smnrv Botttmora. ®; Asw*- 

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t-To rankv carter 071. ^ cdHwnla re renolL BoB- 

,^.»«0rt«jB3(nL ^ iyo|eu soomo, ns.EMOft Ooh- 

MB m BB-3 11 1 i t 

Mi US MT-4 MB NATIONAL LEAGUE 

^canknar !fl> end Toft- ■otth* 6— T. OwmvScn Dtasb . MPi Sw- • 

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INorth Korea Doesn’t Enter Games 

TOKYO — North Korea missed the entry deadline for individ- 
ual events at the Asian Games in Hiroshima in October, organiz- 
ers said Tuesday, confirming the country’s intention to boycott 
what will the region’s largest-ever games. 

Chang Ung, secretary general erf the North Korean Olympic 
Committee^ M announced bis country would not attend because 
of what he called Japan's “political discrimination in sport” 
stemming from international insistence on inspecting North Ko- 
rea’s its nuclear installations. 

For the Record 

Boris Becker, having withdrawn his name at the last minute, 
was not on the German team of Michael Stick, Karst cn Braasch, 
Marc Goeflner and Patrik Kuehnen named for the Davis Cup 
quarterfinal against Spain. (Reuters) 

fin WHfiams, the LPGA golfer shot in a discount store’s 
parking lot in Niles, Ohio, said she will try to play in this 
weekend’s Toledo Classic despite the bullet lodged near her 
collarbone. . {AP) 

Pud Gascoigne, (be English soccer star, had a metal plate 
removed from the leg he broke in two places last April ( Reuters ) 
' Davidson Ezmwa erf Nigeria ran a 1994 world best of 9.94 
seconds in the 100 meters in Linz. Austria, with Dennis Mitchell 
clocked in 9.97 and Linford Christie, in his first defeat this season, 
finishing third in 10.03. (AP) 


NEWS EVENTS WHICH COULD AFFECT 
YOUR UFE: 

Unify in South Africa 
CivU War in Rwanda 
A New Beginning for Palestinians 
Dissidents in China 

FOU.OW THE WORLD EVERY DAY IN THE IHT 


MM— Ma BN BN BBB— 1 6 ■ 

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Danuta* Cosmo m. Cwmaafl. (7) wd 
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man* 74 L — LrttwicJv 37. 

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Maw York M M BM :4 -l 

Ontiveros. Acra (7). LaMar (9), Taylor (7). 
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Hernantfa (7). Mm W. Harris OT aod 

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4. HR*— Oakland, Natl tn, McGwtra X61. 
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dox, Oeimora W andHolta».W-«. Fkraond®. 
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tatan; Raaara. OOw (W and 
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tratt. Flatter nsVTmm. Potm*r H5). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
mtoaM 

Colorado IBB W BW « > 

aueaw bm re «W » V 

ftjMttian, Read m.toffift Wand SheaHir, 
GftvS (ft ; Ylaona. BotrtWd W wiflcJns, 

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CoJO:Ba0walbHaia>tan,36;Bsnd*SonFran- 
daca. 22; QaMrraBO. Caterada, 22: McCflfb 
Alfeeta. 22; BWwtto, Colorado. 21; Ptexza, 
Las Aasatas, It: MftoMMf. C teckmatt It. 

STOLEN BABES-O. Sandtra, OndnaatL 
32: Ortawra. Montrao* 9; Btoks Haarioo, 
3*; Carr, Ftortda,D; JAorjtarv Houston, 22; D. 
Law*. Son Frooctsca,22; OayfM(,Saa Fries- 
Oscd. 19; D. Ban. Son Dtawo. ». 

prrcufmo (9 Doetriana^-On. Jackaea 
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120JBft3L5«;Mardar,AWanla,>ZJ7A4J2; 
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Houston. 6a 467. XS4; Dntoek, Houston, »* 
467. ZJ3; Soeaataaan. New York, 9-L JO. 
343; CopdtotN, LOS Angelas. 6a 467. 4M 
STRIKEOUTS— Banes. Son DtaOO. 134; 
RlhvarK3nralL1i7; 8. Maddux. AUcmta. Ill ; 
FXMartlnazJtaanfrvaLKlS; GfayMaJUkarta. 
104; KeGraas. Los Angetoo. Wi Drabafc, 
Houston, 17. 

SAYES-O. JWW, PMIadatonia. 21; Fraa- 
CD. Now York, 18; Mm. CWoore it; mc 
M ichael. AHatta.16; Bet*. San Frond Kali; 
WattotontLAMRfran.M; HoMnon. Son Otago,. ; 
IX- Roto, Montreal, T); a RufRn, Cotaradn, 
13. 

The Mlcftaristofften Watch 
MONDAY’S CAME: Jordan wet* Uvr -4 

wtjhosiegle. tool out, Bv outandRne out Into 
Baron** •• am orar ftariwUM H* had nra 
autwis k» rwtf flotdL 
SEASON to DATE: Jordan Is 55*r.2B 
aod b batting .1*1 H»tnB BMM»W 
iriawiM itsa si wa»s. Wriritowteondao 

stotentxnes In 32 attempts. Me has LSPutooii 

tftne usslsfs and «to» errors la r istH flrid 


CRICKET 


THIRD TEST 

- Ri wtwid ts. Iter to t tei* ted ear 
TMrin. in MoKfttriH- . 
&QUM W Meat : » ■ 

New Zacdond W owtos: 151 
Nawz«*nd2dira«K 308 O wkls. NKZouvs) 
Match drawn, England iritis ssttes. vp 


CYCLING 


Tour d« Franca 

Nacutt of ToeMoYsMidstof* 0 46480. 

Mtotn-amsf team Una trial Colotote 

(BeEantWML L3B4AG.1 how. 20 minutes, 
3 ! sacondN X Motorota 4 scconde btMnd; X 
. BmSo If? 4, eusnma 37: 5 , Maori Mj i. 
ntvrfn T;02r7, tom i:U>- A oaN 1.-12,- A 
P«m i^3: ta w u rdP fC tc t iai 
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tab u Tetekwn 2:2k IS. TVM 2^5: l A ZG 
MahOfS:l»! 17. Lotto 3 Mi KNawmaua.'Zi; 
W, Wn it to i Uno 4»; 2te Krima «:44i ai. 
Cbaroi 4-JL 

Overall Mamtaoi: 1. JaranMusaCuw. Bet- 
fllutP, ue-MGt Q naurs. 20 minutes 79 wr- 


ongs; XMJoaei induTtrin.Soata.Baneste.10 
racands beMndf X.Roir Sorenm Oenmar*. 
GOMG.19; A FtevtoVanzeda. Italy, GB-MG, 
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John C Mitaunto/AacaoB Fnu»An 

Bebeto watched his shot sail past the US. defender Alexi Lalas and the diving goalkeeper Tony Meola for Brazil's goal in the 74th minute, securing the victory. 

In Sportsspeak, Soccer Puts U.S. Athletes to Shame 


By Frank Ahrens 

Wtnhlttgtoti Post Service 

WASHINGTON — On the evening of 
Sunday, June 19, hours before his country 
was to face mighty Brazil at a time when a 
nation of ISO minion souls looked to him 
for encouragement, Pavel Sadyrin, coach 
of the Russian national soccer ’team, said: 

“if we win the World Cup, it will be a 
miracle on the scale of flying saucers” 

I will say this for soccer, which has come 
to our shores during this World Cup: It has 
elevated the quotes on American sports 
pages to a spectacularly higher level. A 
metaphorical level A metaphysical level. 
A literary level. 

This is very good. 

American athletes are among the least 
insightful, least interesting people routine- 
ly quoted in newspapers. Incessantly, they 
offer up dreary homilies and insipid tru- 
isms. American athletes say things like 
this: 

“It's a game of what-ifs. But the bottom 
lice is that we got beat by a team that came 
in here and played better than us.” These 
were the ruminations of the Washington 
Redskins' former quarterback, Mark Ry- 
piea. after a 41-7 loss to the New York 
Giants last October. 

To be fair, perhaps professional U.S. 
athletes are merely putting us all on; per- 
haps they are actually intellectuals, droll 
literati who issue moronic quotes as an 
elaborate joke on what they- regard as the 
lowbrow media. I prefer this theory to the 
alternative, that American athletes are as 
dumb and bland as turnips. 

Anyway, with World Cup soccer, it’s all 
different. With World Cup soccer you get 
quotes like this, from Brazil's coach. Al- 
berto Paireira: “Your mind has to be free, 
knowing you are doing your best. You 


have to grow. If you get small you are 
crushed.” 

They never “get small” these guys. 


ly around their Redskins, the city does not 
live and die with each game. People do not 
commit suicide after the Redskins lose, as 
they did in Brazil a few years ago afta the 
national team lost the World Cup. So it 
makes sense that quotes from soccer play- 
ers would include more than just the game. 
They would encompass life, death, d rama, 
apocalypse and, if necessary, something 
about the game. 

Quotes from American athletes and 
coaches are about doing; quotes from for- 
eign soccer players and coaches are about 
bong. 

Hence, the sagacity of the Mexican 
team’s coach, Miguel Mejia Baron: “When 
life smiles on you, fortune is nearby. And 
when there is bad luck it is often to do with 
a lack of attitude and capacity to work in 
life.” 

And hence the aphorism of the Moroc- 
can coach, Abdellah Ajri Blinds, who ut- 
tered a maxim so true, all would be wise to 
heed it: “Life doesn’t end with Belgium.” 

It is often said in this country that kids 
ought to play sports because sports teach 
lessons in teamwork, discipline, persever- 
ance and good fellowship. 

Perhaps. Bur think back to your Little 
League days. Do you remember anything 
resembling this: “Life is experiential son. 
You profit handsomely from both the 
good and the bad.” 

Or do you instead remember this: “Hit 
the freakin' cutoff man! Hit the freakin' 
cutoff man!! Christ Amighty!!" (Slams 
cap down.) 

American sports are sports of violence 
and collision, laced with appropriate ter- 


minology, such as “bomb" and “blitz” and 
“suicide squeeze" and “coffin corner.” 
And much of American sport, particularly 
the National Basketball Association of 
late, is about not only beating but humili- 
ating your opponent 

But when did you ever bear a coach 
frame the game in such Wa gnerian terms 
as Italy's Arrigo Saccbl who, when asked 
to assess his team’s situation in the stand- 
ings, responded: “We cannot afford to try 
to calculate. We must play to the death.” 

Consider the use of vivid verbs and 
powerful metapbors-coraers tones of good 
writing in any languagc-of these players: 

“I expect the team to liberate itself in 
upc oming games." — Brazil's RaL 

What does he mean? Does it matter? 

“Mexico always attacks. That's what 
Mexico is.” — Mexican goalkeeper Jorge 
Campos. 

Not That's what Mexico does . That’s 
what Mexico is. 

Styron could not have said it better. 

“In life, we all aspire to fight until the 
last minute. Or until the whistle blows." 


Colombian defender Alexis Mendoza. 

All of this sounds somewhat better, say, 
than this quote, from the Washington Cap- 
itals; goalie Don Beaupre, after a National 
Hockey League victory over Los Angeles: 
“Myself and everyone else worked hard 
this week.” 

Maybe our game of baseball is the 
American Meaning of Life metaphor; in it, 
we find father and country and honor and 
poetry and sentiment and symmetry. But 
these words come from writers and com- 
mentators and historians. These are not 
the words of the players. 

Here in the United States, the World 
Cup is something Americans understand 


Day for U.S. Soccer 


By Ian Thomsen 

bamattomi Retold Tribune 

PAliO ALTO, California — Then Ron 

mirio charged past three men. with, foe- 
finality of a bnfl bursting into the arena, 
going as far as he could until saoifkang 
himself up fr>r Bebetoon the right. Bebe- 
to’s shot ran like a tongue across the mouth 
of the goal and settled what the net met 
dm far left post 


— a huge, gaudy spectacle. But we view it 
Hke Victorians who made their Grand 
Tour at heme — it is paraded before us ** “ 
with familiar, stereoscopic detachment 111056 
and we can regard it safely, Hke exotic, 006 J 
poisonous snakes stuffed and mounted be- 
neath glass. . 

These player quotes are the persistent pj ( 
little raps mi the inside of the glass, the ^ . 
reminder that with this game comes a way § 9 , 0 # 
of viewing life very much different from sion < 
our own. With it comes hope and expecta- ^ e8 > s 
lion that goes far beyond escapism and 
vicarious joy; a hope that crosses over, fog ^ 
indeed, into the realm of sustenance and 

8™**- bom 

Consider the words of the embattled Th 
Argentine soccer star Diego Maradona, tirele! 
now banished, a man of ravening appetites guiri, 
and fulminating passions, one of the great- been; 
cst players of. au time: built 

“Soccer is skin.- It’s giving the people 5*®* £ 
that happiness they never get from the 
government, or from empty promises poli- “T“ 
tirians have been making for years. Soccer ■ r~ ? 
never lied to the Argentine.” 

Is there hope for American sports two s 
quotes? andji 

Perhaps. What follows is not a quotation who 
from a player, or even a coach. But in Balbc 
America, intelligent sportsspeak is still in It t 
its infancy and we must take what scraps goal * 
we can get from whatever the source. So whose 
listen to Alan Rothenberg, chairman of the Amer 
U.S. World Cup organization: gfw 

“If we do well 1 think we could start to “*** 
catch lightning in a bottle.” 1 

Not had 
Not bad st all. 

Let's just call it a “glimmer” of hope. Th* 

Contributing to this article was staff re- detail 
searcher Robert Lyford would 


Rabid Rooter Seeks Shot — for Lockjaw — Please 


By Tony Komheiser 

H ±s*ungxn Scnurc 

W ASH iN'GTON — Okay, so we lost, 
so what? I'll still take Frank Sinatra 
over Sergio Mendss. 

One-nil. One-nil to the mighty Brazil- 
ians. One-nil to the invincible Brazilians. 
Just one stinking nil Samba that. 

On the other hand, we did hav*e a man 
advantage for 43 minutes. The power 
play. The added shooter. Shoot-o-rama! 
And wv didn't get a single decent shot on 
goal. Oy, «ey! Where'd we get this power 
p!jy from, "the Belize ice hockey team? 
How could we not get any good shots? 
As that o!d midfielder Dick Vitale would 
say. “You gotta shoot the rock, bay-bee.” 
Tom Dooicv gets that great chance in 
the Mm minute ... then catatonia. 

Of course I heard Roger TwibelL Sea- 
mus Malta and Rick Davis try to con- 
vince us rrm 

that this Vantage 

was real- Point tJMU 

ly a big 

step forward for American soccer, that 
we can build on tins loss. And I know 
that 

every loss is a learning experience. So I 
hope what we \eam from this is: Ya gotta 
snoot the hall 1 . 

What a set-up, holy cow. they’d never 
believe it if we'd beaten Brazil on our 
Independence Day. I had my opening 
paragraph written": “Histoiy will now 
record that the Declaration of American 
Soccer independence was bom on the 
Fourth of July." Okay, it's not exactly 
“tail me Ishmael” — but it’s better than 
Roger Twibell saying. “The Brazilians 
have great passion for soccer, and they 
also have great passion for auto racing.'’ 
Just as a way to drop in a promo for the 
Cleveland Grand Prix on ABC. 

1 really thought we were going to win. 1 
thought it was destiny after one of the 
Brazilians. 1 think it was Chimichanga. 
missed the wide open net to Tony Meo- 
la’s left early in the first half. And then 
Romano hit the post {“tie hit the 
pooossstttttV' ) right at the end of the half. 
1 still thought we were going to win even 
after I heard Rick Davis's disheartening 


M- v* 


t S'sagvfr 


H ■* 
I 



Uubnd Bum*. Afcns FranCE-Pm« 

The referee. Joel Quintou, ejected 
Leonardo for elbowing Tab Ramos. 

observation, “Thai’s two different limes 
(the United States! has been caught in a 
flat back four.” I’ve been caught m a flat 
bed truck myself, so 1 figure a fiat back 
four has to be ghastly. 

I felt we were going to win because we 
were playing 1 1 on 10 after Leonardo got 
red-card cd for elbowing Tab Ramos into 
next Wednesday — and Brazil couldn’t 
bring in Donatello, or any of the other 
Ninia Turtles. I felt we were going to win 


because Romfirio was living in bad luck. 
Either he was wide or high or he couldn’t 
get any mustard on his shot 

But things seemed to change when 
Brazil put m Cafu in the second half. 
Though the Brazilians were one man 
down, they continued to press the action, 
making short pass after short pass, like 
Joe Montana, relentlessly chewing up 
yardage. And we were, lih, waiting for 
something .... a bus, I guess. 

We did that California thing. We 
stood around, like, you know, dude, chil- 
lin’. 

And in the 74th minute Rom&rio slid 
one over to Bebeto, angling down the 
right side, and he went for the far post, 
and Tony Meola couldn’t reach iL 

Q. Do you believe in miracles? 

A. Only if Smokey*s singing. 

So our active participation in the 
World Cup comes to an end, and from 
now sB we do is the host thing. But 1-0 to 
Brazil isn’t bad right? Better to lose to 
them than the Swiss. You can bet the 
Brazilians weren’t practicing sexual ab- 
stinence. 

Let me add parenthetically that I went 
to the Spain-S witzerland game in Wash- 
ington. 1 didn't know who to root for, 
because while I loved being in Barcelona 
for the 1992 Olympics, I also have such 
fond memories of Ova] tine. This wasn't 
nearly as big a costume game as previous 
RFK matches, where the Dutch dressed 
head to toe in orange, and the Mexicans 
covered themselves in pro-NAFTA 
bumper stickers. Since the Swiss are a 
reserved neutral people, 1 wondered 
what they would come dressed as — 
cheese? numbered bank accounts? Actu- 
ally, I saw three Swiss men in sombreros 
upon which they, had hand-written 
“Switzerland.” I guns that’s the wild and 
crazy ride of the Swiss that we never see 
in the counting house. 

1 aided up rooting for Spain because I 
sat in front of five guys with big lungs 
who kept up a steady “Ess-pan-ya!” 
chant throughout the game. Because of 
their true Castillian accents and the fact 
that they’d punted their faces red mid 
yellow, 1 took them for Spanish nation- 


als. As I turned to leave I offered them 
congratulations in Spanish, saying. “Fe- 
licitaddnes ,” and the guy directly behind 
me shakes my hand and says in com- 
pletely unaccented English, “I’ve en- 
joyed your work on ESPN.” All game 
long I think I'm sitting in front of Jos6 
Greco, and it turns out to be a cab driver 
from Brooklyn! 

Okay, let’s get down to the serious 
questions for everybody who’s been fol- 
lowing the World Cup on TV: 

1. Who is Sandy Glaser? That’s the 
name on the card on all the Master Card 
commercials. Is this Sandy Glaser a he or 
a she? What is his/ha credit limit? Does 
he/she get a discount on Gillette and 
Canon products? 

2. Is the ball Juiced? Well come on. 
Here in the second round four of the six 
advancing teams scored three goals. In 
the first round if you got two you were 
the *27 Yankees. Greece hasn’t scored 
three goals this century. 

3. what’s the deal with Maradona do- 
ing color on the game? Seriously, do you 
see Doc Gooden going to Cincmnati to 
sit in the booth with Ralph Kiner? Does 
this guy have no shame at all? (Who 
plays Maradona in the movie? Gotta be 
Joe Pesd.) 

Foreigners are always attacking the 
United States for being a violent nation. 
But we don't murder our athletes. As 
much as I’ve come to like the World Cup. 
I'm glad we don’t treat it with the same 
fervor as other nations. All this casual 
talk about how “soccer is a passion” and 
“soccer is a religion” makes me nervous; 
passion and religion is a dangerous and 
historically deadly combination. And 
I've had it up to here with soccer geeks 
who are, heaven help us, every bit as 
pretentious as our football geeks. One 
man I know, who has been salivating 
about the World Cup for years, while 
attacking American sports as loutish, in- 
formed me, “Every play, every rush 
down the field, is a complete short sto- 
ry." 

I’m watching 22 guys with hairy legs 
kick, a ball around, and he's seeing Carlos 
Castenada in a crossing pass. 


Slowly, the U.S. team gathered itsdf for 
the final 21 minutes of its 1-0 loss to the 
vastly superior Brazilians, who are favored 
to win their fourth World Cup. On die 
Fourth of July, the Americans had de- 
fended as heroically and frantically- as 
deck hands on a bunting , ship. Then Be- 
beto did what is demanded of mm, leaving 
21 minutes far his hosts- to understand 
what they had done. 

For a while the crowd was glum and 
quiet Then the U.S. goalkeeper, Tony 
Media, who years ago was drafted to play 
baseball for foe New York Yankees, found 
hims elf alone a gainst the buH Rom&rio 
shot and Meola, landing an his shoulder, 
denied him. As he stood up foe 84,147 at 
Stanford Stadium, most of them Ameri- 
cans who had never much cared about 
soccer until lari wed; realized that only 
minutes earlier they actually had been fig- 
uring the probabilities of. Brazil, down a 
man and scoreless, losing to the United 
States. 

“1 just couldn’t be more proud of the 
team, the UB. coach. Bora Mfluttaovic. 
told American re porte rs. ‘Tm happy be- 
cause of the effort my players put forth in 
this Worid Cup. We were able to say good- 
bye in a great atmosphere." 

Tbey wereoutshot, 16-4, which docs not 
begin to describe the favorites’ supremacy 
nor the underdogs’ tenacity. It was one of 
those rare days that becomes what every- 
one had imagined without believing it 
cooTd happen. 

Mflutmovic, the Serb known for taking 
Mexico to the 1986 quarterfinals and Cas- 
ta Rica to the second round — and now for 
th« — hud fielded a defensive mam. 
swayed in part by the first-round suspen- 
sion of the mid&ader John Harkes. Har- 
kes’s spot on the left-ride went to foe 
previously ineffective Coin Jones, while 
the striker Eric Wynalda was replaced by a 
midfielder, Hugo Perez, leaving the Dutch- 
bom Ernie Stewart as the only striker. 

- The coach knows hi* players. Jones was 
tireless in dropping back to help Panl CaH- 
gmri, much more thwn Harkes might have 
been; and whereas .foe United States had 
built up its success through Harkes Jn foe 
first round, foe counterattacking was now 
funneled through Tab Ramos. Within 12 
minutes. Ramos was literally running cir- 
cles around Zinho on the right side of the 
box before dropping foe ball into Thomas 
Dooley, whose snort, sliding cross trickled 
two strides from the Brazilian goallme — 
and just beyond the reach of Alexi Lalas, 
who tumbled into foe net, and Mareelo 
Balboa. 

It is difficult to say how an early U.S. 
goal would have influenced the Brazilians, 
whose patience was ruffled by the frenetic 
Americans. Without doubt, foe favorites 
grew more efficient than inanyof their 
first-round matches. In the opening min- 
utes they had crossed the ball back and 
forth at midfield, deciding foe best mode; 
now they were flying out of their zone in 
wave after wave like hockey players. 

They had more chances than can be 
detailed. The Americans of four years ago 
would have lost by a touchdown. Under- 
standing that one mistake would be 
enough to finish them, the Brazdans had 
no choke but to play with the recklessness 
that begs mistakes. A Dunga lob crossed 
by M&rcio Santos to Aldair, whose shot 
rolled wide off foe ankle. Zinho to Santos, 
just over foe bar. Dunga to Bebeto. whose 
scissor kick went just wide of the beaten 
Meola. 

And then Ramos, tiny and lonesome at 
the other end, punching a long, hopeless 
foot high over foe bar. 

It was captivating stuff for what will 


turn out to be the largest TV audience for 
soccerin foe United States, to see one team 
so overmatched and yet fearless and in- 
domitable. “Brazil Brazil" was shouted 
down and overtaken by “U.S A, USA" 

' ‘ So comfortable had the Americans be- 
come that a columnist for foe Los Angeles 
Tunes was second-guessing Milutinovic 
for not using Frank Klopas, a striker who 
might pull (he U.S. team out of its drought. 
In the 10th minute, Caliguiri was actually 
booed by foe Americans for misplaying a 
ball to Jones — both U.S. firsts in a game 
that had grown up overnight 

American fans came to the stadium car- 
rying flags — and bow many chances do 
Americans have to cany flags, even on the 
.Fourth of July? They aren’t known for 
traveling internationally in support of 
their teams, and it’s the rare Olympics or 
Davis or Ryder Cups when they feel 
threatened by foreigners. 

At one point, Ramos and Perez played a 
little game between themselves at midfield, 
with Caliguiri eventually forming a trep- 
gle. But their teammates didn’t know 
to involve themselves (we’ll see what hap- 
pens in 1998 in France) and soon the 
Brazilians were back on foe stampede, 
fencing a dive from Meola against Leonar- 
do, 

The notorious Leonardo. In the 39th 
minute, his arm interlocked with Ramos as 
they fought for a ball and he caught foe 
Americas with a vicious elbow behind foe 
left tax. Ramos was hospitalized with a 
fracture of the parietal bone. 

“Bui it is not a serious problem," the 
U.S. team's doctor. Bill Garrett, said after- 
ward, adding that Ramos was “doing fine” 
and was expected to be released Tuesday. 

Leonardo apparently didn't intend to 
injure, and when he realized that the refer- 
ee had seen everything he tried to lean 
down and help. Several Americans arrived 
to shove Leonardo, and then the French 
referee, Jb& Qumiou, came running in 
with his red card to quiet everyone. He , 
even gave a yellow card to Ramos — for • 
tangling with Leonardo — as he was being 
carted off foe field. With his team short- * 
handed, Romdrio responded with a con- 
temptuous blast off Meola's post just be- 
fore foe half. 

Wynalda replaced Ramos at halftime, 
and soon another striker. Roy Wegerie. : 
would come in for Perez as Milutinovic; 
attempted to change the U.S. tone from 
defense to offense. To be even against : 
Brazil and a man up with one half rema^ 
ing at home was beyond American dreaxtif 

But the U.S. team is like u newborn, str 
learning everything its parts can amoun 
to. The ball came out of the U.S. end i 
little more often, but foe efficient Brazil- ; 
ians maintained their advantage. Thor aim !i- 
for the posts didn’t give Meola foe oppor- ■ 
tunity to make a lot of great saves. He was* 
taken out of the play as surely as Romdrio- 
came past Dooley, around Balboa and’. 1 
created the goal for Bebeto as the sliding" 
Lalas arrived too late. 

“I should have stepped up on Bebeto! 
and played him offsides, but I stayed with 
him and slid — and watched it go into the’ 
back of the net,” Lalas said. “He finished it 
vetywdl He was going a hundred miles an; , 
hour, these guys are dribbling maniacs.” ! 

Said the Brazilian coach, Carlos Alberto* 
Parreira: “What panic? How many times; 
did Taffard have to save a ball?" He was! 
speaking of his goalkeeper. 

“It was a dramatic game,” he said, “but. 
it was not a close game ” 

it should be noted that Parreira com-, 
mended the Americans for being world- 
class, and that foe Americans commended 
themselves. Brazil has beaten the United 
States all six times that their teams have 
met, outscoring them 12-3 — but even that 
statistic comes with the understanding that 
foe Americans are no longer foe laughing- 7 
stock that they used to be. As the rest of 
the worid takes over this tournament with- 
out American involvement.- the hosts 
might dare to sing along. They no longer 
fed like outsiders in their own country, 
and it happened on Independence Day.#* 

V 


For U.S., Pride and Sorrow 

Despite Loss 9 Players Hope They Won Over Fans 


By Christopher Clarey 

Nnt York Tones Service 

PALO ALTO, California — To foe beat 
of Brazilian drums, the Americans 
marched through the brilliant sunshine 
and onto foe field past a star-spangled sign 
that read Hke a mantra: “You Gotta Be- 
lieve." 

Two hours lata, Ernie Stewart bent over 
at midfield, put his hands ova his f redded 
cheeks and, with foe drums still beating, 
sobbed because the believing had ended m 
a predictable result: a Brazilian victory. 

“It just hit me that it was ova,” Stewart 
said. "You come so Far, and you’re out 
there in a crowd like this and it just hurts. 
This is the world championship; every- 
thing was so nice and so beautiful And 
now there is nothing more we can do.” 

Stewart soon raised his head and 
trudged toward foe locker room, where the 
mood was not much lighter. 

“Heads down, very depressed, tears here 
and there,” said the defender Mareelo Bal- 
boa. 

But as Coach Bora Milutinovic matte 
clear in his postgame speech to his players, 
Stewart and Balboa and thear once- anony- 
mous teammates soon will be dwelling on 
their accomplishments, not just on the 
sting of a 1-0 loss that kept than out of the 
World Cup quarterfinals.' 

“It was the most exciting time of my 
life," said foe goalkeeper. Tony Meola,' 
who gave up a paltry force goals in four 
matches. “1 don't know if anything in any 
other sport other than winning foe World 
Cup would have beat foe excitement of 
this. I hope it continues.” 


Meola wasn't through talking about his 
hopes. Like all the U.S. players, he has 
been more than an athlete m recent weeks. 
He has been a missionary. 

“Hopefully, we convinced people this is 
an attractive game, one worm watching,” 
he said. “1 hope that because we are out. 
the excitement doesn’t end here in the 
United States." 

Judging from all foe green and gold in 
Stanford Stadium on Monday, there seems 
little chance of an end lo the enthusiasm 
until the Brazilians are cm a flight back to 
Rio de Janeiro. 

“They played like worid champions “■ 
foe defender Paul Caligiuri said. “I can’t 
imagine this team not winnin g the champi- 

"Tneyjust created more chances,” Stew- 
art said. “They had five or six good 
chances to score, and they finally took 
advantage of one. They were the belter 
team." 

Balboa, trim spent Monday afternoon 
fending off the rushes of Brazil's star strik- 
ers, Rom&rio and Bebeto, was more parsi- 
monious with superlatives. € 

“I think both teams were going back and 
forth, and I don’t think they woe any more 
dangerous than the other teams we have 
played,” be said. “We have played Brazil a 


few times now, and they always play foq 
same way, foe same way. Not much 
changes, and 1 thought we handled it well** 
. “I think we showed everybody here in 
the- stadium and watering on television 
that we’re a good team," he said, “and I 
don’t think anybody will take us.for grant- 
ed anymore.” ■ 


SMC* 




lifts Italy Past Nig 


By Ian Thomsen 

Iiatnanonal Hemld Tribune 
FOXBORO, Massachusetts — One mm- 
ute from the end of his st&rstruck reputa- 
tion. Roberto Baggio rescued himself, his 
bickering teammates and the coach he has 
blamed for the mess Italy had got itself into 
The 1993 world and European player of 
the year scored in the 89th minute on 
Tuesday to force extra time against bleary 
Nigeria, then finished Italy’s shorthanded 
2-1 victory with a 102d-minuic penalty 

perhaps only he (in the post-Maradona 

era) couki create. Rather than going home 
to a stoning of rotten tomatoes, Italy will 
remain here in suburban Boston, facing 
S pain m a quarterfinal an Saturday that no 
one would have dared predict 10 days or 
even 35 minutes earlier. 

This goes down as a hard lesson for the 
Nigerians, who will spend the ensuing four 
years listening to their hearts. The seam- 
less, fearless play that brought them to 
their first World Cup finals vanished be- 
fore the three-time world champion — 
though even the Italian fans who claimed 
mostof the 54,367 seals Tuesday would 
admit that for almost 90 minutes Italy was 
a champ ion by reputation only. 

For all of their internal bleeding, the 
Italians were still the aggressors. They an- 
ticipated lots of space and they exploited it 
up to the last touch. Their good times and 
bad began with Sunday Oliseh blocking a 


ending volley from Baggio at the end of a 
long Giuseppe Signori cross. Then Signon 
barely missed completing a set piece at the 
near post with the streaking Paolo Mal- 
dinL Later in the half, as the headers of 
Danide Massaro and Maldim flared hope- 
lessly high, as entry passes and crosses 
went askew as they tend to do, the Italians 
(Baggio included) would shrug and gesture 
andwork to make each other look bad. By 
then, of course, they were down a goaL 

It happened in the mosi 
way — a corner that short-hopped off the 
shii of Maldim. In this 27th “mure he 
became a picket fence. The ball 
dear to the left foot of Emmanuel Amun- 
ike, who deserved so little credit for blast- 
ing it in that be was replaced 1 ms than a 
half-hour latex by Thompson Oliha. Nige- 
ria forced just one good save from Luca 
Marchegiam throughout regulation. 

Everyone had expected a wonderful STSS alob over 

contrast of styles, but not this. Nigeria . [railing defender. Eguavoeo, who iram- 
uying to play like Italy. Itdy pressng pled Benamvo in the chase. Baggio left no 
forward Bee Nigeria, and note *f them aboul ^ penalty. 

Clemens Westerhof had been expected 
Carter of Mexico, who referees Hire a nean fi as Nigeria’s coach, 

master with a wooden paddle, was handfing widdv Wicted had 

out nine yellow cards (five to Italy). Had 
he been names with a pencil, he 

would have had to sharpen it twice. But 
there should have been little to argue when 
Signori’s substitute, Gianfranco Zola, was 


ejected in the 76th minute for elbowing 
Austin Eguavoen. 

Baggio was getting hacked aD over the 
field, no doubting that, but still the 
pouting Italians were looking like they 
didn't want to score, like they wanted to be 
mad at Coach Arrigo Sacchi for his conser- 
vatism. Then the Italians lost a man anti 
their attitude improved. Three of their four 
World Cup goals have come when the team 
is shorthanded, including the equalizer- 
Robert Mussi entered the right side of the 
box and the seeping Nigerian defense left 
Baggio alone near the penalty mark to 
finish off bis crossing pass. 

Nigeria tried to just be itself, but its star, 
Rashccd Yekini, was failing twice at dose 
range in extra time, with Dino Baggio 
having to dear one shot off the jme. 'lhen 
came the winner from — who else? In die 
upper left comer of the African box, Ro- 
berto Baggio and Antonio Benamvo non- 
chalantly exchanged positions over the 
. « tn eVinuri n inn over 


the tr ailin g aeienaer, cguavucu, 
pled Benamvo in the chase. Baggio left no 
doubt about the penalty. 

Q emeus Westerhof had 
to resign after five years asNigwia » 
and he did. More widely predicted had 
been the d t s*™** 3 ! of Sacchi, but now he 
goes into the quarterfinals with a rqir/e- 
nated Ba ggi o, and a sudden hazy idea of 
meeting Brazil in the final. 


UOU J — 

A Roar lor the Crowd From 'Jack’s Lads’ 

. . • mm n L m «i xouki rmorted: 


By Charlie Nobles 

An.' York Tunes Service 

ORLANDO, Florida — In the first mo- 
ments after the match, Jason McAwer 
paused with hands on knees to absorb the 
pain of it aD. Then, undaunted at finding 
no Dutch player with whom to swap jer- 
seys. the Irish midfielder walked to one 
side of the Citrus Bowl and, pointing to a 
large block of Irish fans, began dapping. 

Then he walked to the stadium s other 
side and repeated the gesture. Ireland was 
eliminat ed from the World Cup on Mon- 
day by the Netherlands, 2-0. but the Insb 
aren't going home because erf lack of fan 
su 


Roberto Baggio got a step, and a hand, on Mteliad Emenalo as they 


Dadd Gada/Apaoe FmwPnsK 


- f .mm 

?i!u 

ire 
- -I 

L~.‘‘ Su. 

i. :zi i 


>.'E- 


• it* 
J * 

* *.j-, 

• •*..«— 

-.BS 


3 More Siisi 


"Ibato soodtt star ^ 
was shotbccanse he scored & 

Ins own 

Tl loss to the United States, the poBce 
said Tuesday- 


in Escobar Killing 

. * • ->• (V1.M. 


ons at two houses wbaeJhe^^ 
were arrested. Wanthor^sa^ t^y 
were renewing an mvestigation mto me 

planned Escobar’s HOrng. , . 


r _ M Wo- said General Octavio Vargas Silva, direc- 

The autbonties confiscated 25tolo- ^ po hce. 

grams (53 pounds) crfcocam^ two ' ^ a.woman who were 

vcrfvws.and ^submachine gun m the W mesb ^ l ^eddhn on Monday were 
bn Monday. • outside the bar with Humberto Mufiox, 

’ Earfier. the pohee bad said the murdCT who admitted shooting Escobar, the po- 
was not linkedtodrug cartels or death jjee said. The susnects were ideonfied as 
thr eats against other members of the Kmthers. Humberto and HetnAn 

Colombian team. 

Escobar was shot eaiiy ^^day m^e 
n f D Kurin Medellin. Colom- 


Darwas snui wuj ” AT — 
wanting lot of abar in Mcddlin. Co tom- 
Wstfird-laigestcdty. The pohee arrest- 
ed two suqpec^ over the weekend, one ot 

whom confessed to shooting Escobar, 


two brotbersT^^^rto and HernAn 
Dario Velez Correa, and a cousin, Luz 
M3a Correa. 

Mufidz was the driver for another sus- 
nect. Santiago Gallon Henao, wno the 
authorities said had bet heavily on the 
Colombian team. 


, neir fans — and the Citrus Bowl was 
heavily dotted with them — have been 
among the most rabid and enthusiastic of 
the World Cup, and McAteer’s apprecia- 
tive move recognized as much. 

“We have the greatest fans in the world, 
bar none,” said Andy Townsend, the Insh 
captain. “They’ve done themselves very 

only “Jack’s lads," as this team is 
dubbed because of Coach Jack Chariton, 
had given them something to cheer about 
Monday. Ireland had precious few offen- 
sive opportunities until late m the second 
half, when the Dutch were content to shut 

down their offense. . . 

“We might have gone out in aumeou oi 
a different way," Charlton said. 
you rive away two silly goals like wedid, 11 
leaves a bad feeling in the mouth of a 
couple of the people." . 

Charlton referred to a botched ^back- 
ward pass by the defender Tory Phelan 
that set up the first Dutch goal,, and then 
Wim look’s shot in the 41st minute that 
slipped off the fingers of the goalkeeper, 
Pat Bonner, and into the i net. . 

The Bonner flub was backbreaking for 


Chariton’s largely punchless side, which 
wound up scoring just two goals in four 
oamw in the tourn amen t. 

“That definitely was a blow, Townsend 

^Bonner, who at 34 likely has played in 
his last World Cup. spent much of halfrime 
with head in hands as teammates med to 

console Nm. ___ , 

He was philosophical afterward- “That s 
iust football" he said. “When you re a 
goalkeeper, you just have to take it the way 
ft comesTl fed sorry for all the fans that 
came here and for everyone at home. I let 
»hwn down, but you don’t go out to make a 

mistake." , , 

“The ball was coming in at an angle, and 
if I had taken it earlier it would have 
bounced off my hands and gone fora 
corner," be added, saying he realized bel at- 
edlv that he was too close to the goaL 
The Irish looked for a silver Bning at 
halftime- but it was not there. 

“There was a feeling of frustration that 
if Holland had scored two goals from 10 
pass movements or blinding shots, that 
would be one thing," Bonner said “But to 
be behind when you shoot jrouisdf in each 
foot, it’s very, very fnistratmg- 



a dangerous 

play on the shot — a high kK* **»* hit 
Frank Rgkaard in the head 
“I thought it was a perfectly good goal, 
McGrath said But then be added. *To be 
honest, my foot was a little high- 
Chariton expressed some exaspwauon 
about the call, but then, snufing j^ddmly 
at the media assemblage, said: Now, I m 
not complaining. It was too iate m the 
game to affect it anyway. We would have 
liked the goal just to mow that we can 
score one now and a gain . 


■ Elsewhere, news agencies reported : 

In Ireland, millions awoke Tuesday to 

look reality in the face after three weeks of 

□artying and euphoria. 
v “It’s the end of the feel-good factor, 
said one politician in Dublin. “Now its 
back to the real world." 

Dublin authorities also called off a wel- 
come-home party for the team on Thurs- 
day, because Charlton and several of his 
players said they were staying m the Unit- 
ed Slates to watch the rest of the tourna- 
ment The party was expected to attract 
half a million people. 

All over Ireland green, white and gold 
bunting still decked the streets, but sum- 
mer showers gave it a limp and tired look 

to match the national mood. 

“It’s probably a good thing, said Dora 

O’Toole, a hangover cleaner on her way to 
work. “We’ve all been drinking more than 
we can afford living with our heads in the 

clouds." , , 

And in Orlando, after the murder of the 
Colombian player Andris Escobar, Indi 
fans wanted to make dear the distinction 
(hat, while the Irish live and die for their 
team, they do not kill over it 
“For South American people, that s how 
seriously they take their soccer ” said John 
Geary, a Dubliner, as green paint dripped 

down his face. “There will be harsh words. 

But Irish fans are very forgiving. 

Thousands of them had burst into spon- 
taneous choruses of “Always look on the 
bright side of life” and then waited for weu 
over an hour, sinking and chanting, to send 
their players off in the right way. 

Charlton predicted the Irish and Dutch 
fans would enjoy a great party together in 
Orlando later, which they did 
“I like the Dutch,” he said “If anyone 
had to put us out, I*m glad it’s them. 

(Reuters, AP, LA T) 


,'-4 










American fans in 


SECOND ROUND 

S*tunl*y Ju*r2 

A> Chicago 
Garmany 3. Bottom 2 

Mwunkigw 
Spain 3. Swrtzartand O 

Sunday Jub S 
A! DattA9 

SwflMlS — „„ 
AsPnadana.CdU. 
Bom arW)3.AfV«nanaZ 

Monday July 4 
M Orlando, Fla 
NatMrtamfeZ.nianao 

As SWdMd. Cam. 

Brad l.Unaaa States a 

TuMday July S 
As Foatwro. Mas*, 
hat* 2. Mgarta 1 

as Eass Rusnortofd. NJ- 
Mexico vt. Bumana 

quarterfinals 

Saturday July 9 

AtFoxboro. M8B. 

ion «. spdn. 1605 OUT 

Asoatm 

Nathartandava Brn« 

Sunday July 10 

As East Runarloid, NJ. 
MaaooBulgarta attnarw. Oanoany. 1805 Qtfl ‘ 
At Stantons. QSH- 

Saedan va. Romania. 1035 GMT 

SEMtRNALS 

Wednesday July 13 


as the defender AJexiLalas, andina 



Beow G*c»d/AEn»Fr»n»J*m S aJota France Piw« majySpain MeatettBulgaria /Om 

California bar waved flags ffifteUJS. feD on Iodepeadence Day. 


AiPasadsna. Ctfl- 
Nea^rla^OradlwSnnsrm. O wflda" Romama 
Ktanar. 2336 GMT 

THIRD PLACE 

Sattaday July 10 
A> Pasadena. CaW. 

SanMrari tasara. 1038 GMT 

CHAMPIONSHIP 

Sunday Jtdy 17 
As Pasadena. CaUf 
SranUnal vimnara, 1935 GMT 

Match Results 
natv X MWecla 1 

Scran: l to tv - Rotserto Bo«» IW»«« 
pxnottY. VKttil; Ntoedo ■ Enuwsnuel Amun- 

Arturo POWO BrUlo (Meslcol 
R^TcwisMtatv 

Yellow cants; 

Alessandro Cww wfto .^ jLp^fLns. 

ansri uOHi), Wno Baoato 

Mini (Hisil ; NlBorlo ■ Mike Emenalo 

Neasnu tSWil. _ ^ 

Maadav^t Wcinr 
Brafl U U sited SWtes » 

Scorer: Beueto I74tn>. 

— - jmi Qtrinlou ( Front*'- 

- LeoncrdolOd); un.S- 
ad states — Fernando Cicndto <Wn>- 
Yettow twds: Brazil - MtatiWa W , JM - 

omm hum; un,rtd stn1 * s ~i 

?440il. Pwd OdWha-l (aw,), ,^?7! on * Cto_ 
wllo (65«il. Thomas Doolev I8isi). 

Goal Scorers 

t — Otn Satenka Russia 

Aroenttno; Monin 
^2^S«e«.5we*n; JuanAntonk. 


f ^ j i^n^ iig-Saoln: Gheorohe Haul. RIMTWfitO. 
Komodo, Brazil: Hrtslo SWWfltav. ButSOfla 
2 — PtUHpoc Albert. BeWumf Fund Amin, 
Saudi Arabia; Daniel Amokachl. Nlaoiia; 
Emmanuel Aimmftfc Nlaorta: BebdaBra- 
»U; Roberto Boaoia ikslv: Georaa* Breav. 
Switzerland: ilteDumWraseu. RswnonlajJora 
Gammer* Spain; Claudia 
no; Lvb Garda Mexico; Mono Mvimo Ba 
South Korea; Flortn Raoudda Romania: 

Adolfo Valencia Colombia; 

ffwnv; Dennis Bci ole oma NaBier lands, wim 

Jonk. Nrthertonra. 

1 _ John AktrSdoe. Ireland: FM«4 ^ Ghe- 
sravon. Saudi Andlo; Sami Jaber. ScnidtAro- 
Ma: Pino Bogota Italy; Abel Bdba AroraH- 
na: Altor BeoWstoia Soalns Moradmo 
Bernal. Mexico; DanleJ Bodmtrw.Butooda; 
Tomas Brdta. Sweden: Ste ahone a wg* 
Switzerland; Mohammed Oii^ 1 ^ 
at: More Deary*. Bdotum: 0°*“ E ^?®‘ 

Cameroon; HertnanGavlrlaCo»n*^Fm- 
Idl George. Mmertai Georaes G nnuB ewum. 
Jana Guanfloia. SpoM; Fernando Mlerra 
Spain; Roy 

Hena South Korea; AdrtanKmm. SwBzor 
Icrel; Iordan J-etcnkov. Butoeata 

Rnoer Uuna Sweden; John HaroMLwwia 

Odra nMo; Luts Enrtrare Morttnex. Spain. 
Diego Morodona Aroentlno: 03,1 lel V^ 
sora Italy; Roger »W'»-Cam«aoni Hanm 
Nader. Morocco; Froneotse Omam Bivtcx, 
Cameroon; Saeed Owrtrt^Smxh AjTtom. 
Daniel voslle Petrescu. BomOT'o. Dmlld 
Radchenka Russia; RoL Brazil; Karthemz 
Rledle, Germa ny; KleHM W'doi. Norway. 
Bran Rov. Nettwrto^; 

Spam; Erwin SOnche*. Bdlwta.-Mdrcio sim- 
r«. Brazil: Sec Juno Won. South Korea: ga m - 
sonSlDslo.Hloerto; NostoSlrofaw.B^^: 
Ernie Stewart. Unl« Statm; 

Switzerland; Gaston Taumeni. Wrthertonds. 
Eric wvnaido. United States; Rasheed Ye- 
klnl. Nigeria. 


bnria bar waved flags as the U.S. fefi on Indepewieoce uay. ^ 

r ? World Watches U.S. Warm to Foreign Goirie 




■ -sT 


V . 


By Wflliam I>rozriiak 

Wedthnttan Pott Service 


Wtahiagtan 

fc “SJ!SR3aSSS“ 

chauvinistic guara » 

«t,orfns of an ah 


•\*jc 


' it-'- 

s £ 

■r,: 


■aSffSSSist' 

issggm- 







— are drawing inCTedulcras pim» &om 
fnreaen skeptics who never bdieved that 
WcddCup madness could nrf^A^wica- 
The SStive absence of vtokpe em U^S- 
staSums has been a source 

for foreigners at a tBne .' w *2^S^ 

peaceful matches, as well as the prudence 

wsSSS*® 

rium writer, Time Trageser- 

arc orgamzational gemnses, and TotaUy 
adnCTH^^ori“ted. 

life, thdrmofto seems to be. Faster, high- 

"sgSlSw. a rqporta for 

better than the Amcncans at oig* 
ywYTTi glrfg events,” he said- 


watch Cup matches, wrnic un*.™** ^ 

Sfer o-cte 

j auendmee records. .. nv ™ cta . naJoniSn become another reason a rebel comnuredcr 

When Cup irfay began June 17, pr^s “No Cup has ever seen so examine the nation’s decline. After two Frank M “f^® c a Ffon t W hoislead- 

accounts were not so fenmgabout toe tors,” Broussaid wrote eajS^dSteate, new^iapers attacked the from ^ ma ; n iy Hum gov- 

ri^ experiment of su^ so^sdiow- try could hope to get 72,000 fw a Jgian Srs as^ejected, bored and m 8 Press ffiat 

case tournament in the United Stats. b ' tmai Morocco and Saudi Aratna or nassun pj caajp] ^ Qed tol waichmg erament told The A. .U— „mp owe that h« 

Many reports were filled with sarcastic 75 000 for Russia against Camerom. » ^g , j’ a(i i 1|S|cr p iay made Russians feel 

references to Amaican ignorance of toe nolcd that when Russia andUa^roo“ “furious and ashamed" of their country, 

world's most popular sport. played one another m the Russia’s team doctor was quoted as la- 

Two out of three Americans, readers stadhmi in Bari, Italy, renting the team’s unpatriotic spirit and 

were told, were blissfully unaware that the Nonetheless^ ,the engoaiasn ^ondsp*y -Look at bow the Bulgan- 

event tras taking phu* in thea country. - m ^ United Stales still an* or RomSiaiis fight and how exulted 

edinadOTCxate to the feverish exri^ttte^tM^ 

eflort to educate viewers: An ABC^n- ^ «« 


abroad, even in countries 

“when the ball strikes the back of the net, live broadcasts of ’J* 

. In Latin America, the drug scan 


that’s called a goaL 1 . 

Surveys wtare trotted out showing that 


In Latin America, the 
volving the Argentine star 


m- 
Mara- 


ans or Romanians fight and how exulted 
they are when th ey touch the national 
flag," he said. “Why don’t our players 
honor the national flag? All they care 
about is money." 

In Africa, where loyalties are divided 


his main regret about the war was that he 
was nussrng World Cup. Not surpre- 
indv the most cherished items sought by 
looters are televisions and generators^ so 
that rebels in the field can watch matches 
during breaks in the fighting. 

Washington Post correspondents Rkk At- 
kinson in Berlin, Keith Richburg in Nairobi, 
Gabriel Escobar in Buenos Aires tad Lee 
Hockstader in Moscow contributed to ttus 
report 


n 

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. ... . . . ■ J .. jjayi w T 


Page 20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JULY 6, .1994 


OBSERVER 


Dead White Agitators 


By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK. — Button 
Gwinnett of Georgia was 
one of the signers of the Decla- 
ration of Independence. There 
were 56 altogether. All were 
dead white males. 

No one deplored the utter 
lack of diversity. Not even Cae- 
sar Rodney of Delaware. Oliver 
Wolcott of Connecticut, com- 
menting long afterward, was 
amazed that Caesar Rodney 
had not spoken - out at least 
about the group’s deadness. 

“Exactly,” said William 
Hooper of North Carolina, “be- 
cause Rodney had to put up 
with a lot of ham-handed josh- 
ing about death.” 

“Nothing infuriated him 
more," William Paca of Mary- 
land recalled, “than someone 
clownishly clapping him on the 
back and raying, ‘Are you really 
dead, old chap, or was Mark 
Antony just spoofing about 
coming to bury Caesar, not to 

praise him?”’ 

This reminded Robert Treat 
Paine of Massachusetts of the 
time William Floyd of New 
York had cried, “Great Cae- 
sar's ghost!” when Rodney 
came down to breakfast looking 
the worse for wear after a con- 
genial evening with Benjamin 
Franklin of Pennsylvania. 

“And,'’ said Edward Rut- 
ledge of South Carolina, “what 
about that time the poor devil 
upset the table and walked out 
just because Richard Henry Lee 
Of Vir ginia said his favorite line 
of poetry was, ‘Never blooms 
the rose so red as where some 
dying Caesar bledT* 

□ 

George Gyzner of Pennsylva- 
nia, so famous for his interjec- 
tions that he is called “The In- 
terjecting Signer,” interjected, 
“Dick Henry Lee couldn't have 
spoken that line in 1776 be- 
cause Edward FitzGerald 
didn't write it until 1859." 


and 


activity when women 
blacks were excluded. 

“I thought you were Willard 
Scott of NBC come to take my 
picture for the Today Shows 
gallery of Antique Citizens,” 
Stephen Hqplrins said, kicking 
me out of his house. 

He was the only surviving 
dead white male signer when 1 
set out to expose the scandal, 
but it's good to think 1 sent at 
least one insensitive signer to 
his grave with a bad conscience. 

In an 1857 letter to Francis 
Lightfoot Lee of Virginia, 
George Ross of Pennsylvania 
said he had just been asked to 
join Samuel Adams, John Ad- 
ams and Elbridge Gerry of 
Massachusetts as well as Josiah 
Bartlett, William Whipple and 
Matthew Thornton of New 
Hampshire in publicly de- 
nouncing Thomas Jefferson of 
Vir ginia for the Declaration's 


sexist, politically incorrect lau- 
aboat “all 


Years later when interview- 
ing the ancient Stephen Hop- 
kins of Rhode Island I begged 
him to announce that he was 
ashamed of himself for having 
taken part in such an important 


gnage about “all men." rather 
than “all persons,” being creat- 
ed equal. 

□ 

Ross declined on grounds 
t hat not only was he himself 
dead, but that Jefferson was 
also dead, not to mention both 
Adamses, Gerry, Bartlett, 
Whipple and Thornton. 

W illiam Ellery of Rhode Is- 
land, who heard of the censure 
proposal in 1859, wrote John 
Witherspoon that he thought it 
would show a civilized regard 
for enlightened future Ameri- 
cans if all 56 signers issued a 
public apology for being dead. 

When Samuel Chase of 
Maryland got wind of it, how- 
ever, a row developed. “It’s riUy 

toir bJs^Tellow Marylanders 
Thomas Stone and Charles Car- 
roll of Carrollton. “How could 
we have avoided being dead?” 

“The answer — by jogging 
and eating a high-fiber, low-fat 
diet — seems never to have oc- 
curred to these sedentary, rye- 
guzzling Marylanders," Carter 
Braxton of Virginia wrote in his 
Christinas circular letter. 

Dead John Hancock pon- 
dered insurance. 


The Battle of ‘Sunset Boulevard’ Divas 


By Bernard Wdnraub 

New York Times Service 

L OS ANGELES — Patti LuPone’s comment the 
other day about Andrew Lloyd Webber was 
terse and «athing : “I have not hing nice to say about 
the man, so I choose to say nothing at all” 
Two weeks ago, Faye Dunaway called the produc- 
er and composer capricious, a man who changes his 
mind daily. But in the last few days, Dunaway has 
opted to remain silent. “At the suggestion of her 
attorneys," said Bob Palmer, her mana ger. 

The add dispute that pits the two stars against 
Lloyd Webber, the composer of “Cats,” “Jesus 
Christ Superstar" and "The Phantom of the Opera,” 
has riveted Broadway and even Hollywood. 

One of the reasons is that it involves a public 
collision of ego, money and careers, which are, after 
all, the driving compulsions of Broadway ami Holly- 
wood. Another is that the dash seems to parallel such 
classic movies as “AD About Eve," and, yes, “Sunset 
Boulevard.” Which is what the fight is all about 
The issues involved might at first seem unrelated. 
Lloyd Webber had pledged that LuPone, a top 
musical-comedy star, would appear in “Sunset Bou- 
levard” an Broadway after starring in the London 
production. Instead, Lloyd Webber selected Glenn 
Close, who had starred in the Los Angeles produc- 
tion, and paid off LuPone with some SI million. 
Within the last two woks, Lloyd Webber abrupt- 


ly dismissed Dunaway, who was in rehearsal and 
scheduled to replace Close in Los Angeles on July 
12. The composer’s spokesman said that Dunaways 



sing in g was not up to the demands of the part. 

Lloyd Webber suddenly closed the show in Los 
Angeles, sold the scenery to the Toronto production 
and moved many in the cast to New York production, 
which is to open on Nov. 17 at the Mmskoff Theatre. 

The separate moves not only stunned two actresses 
but also raised questions about Lloyd Webber’s style; 

An enormously wealthy man, he has been de- 
scribed by some who know him as having a chilling 
temper, an aloof personality and, after so much power 
and money over the years, indifference to the sensitiv- 
ities and needs of performers with fragile egos. To his 


AFP (Uapt WettwJ: Jcny WauwCwn (Dmmmay) 

Andrew Lloyd Webber has upset both FayeDtmaway (center) and Patti LuPone. 


friends, he is a misunderstood figure: They say be is 

e go himself, ob- 


essen daily shy, with a fragile ego 
sessed with perfection to the point where some stars, 
like LuPone and Dunaway are unintentionally hurt 

Lloyd Webber declined to be interviewed. But 
Peter Brown, his spokesman and a longtime friend, 
said in a telephone interview: “Anyone who knows 
Andrew knows he’s very polite, very, very sensitive 
to artists. These are two cases in a career that’s 
spanned 20-odd years." 

LuPone had been enthusiastically selected by 
Lloyd Webber last year to star as Norma Desmond, 


the faded antipathetic movie queen, in the musical 


New York Tima Service 


version of Billy Wilder’s classic 1950 film, which 
starred Gloria Swanson and William Holden. 
The musical of “Sunset” opened last July in Lon- 


don, with Lloyd Webber saying he was committed to 
keeping LuPone when the show moved to New York, 


where it is expected to cost SI2 mi Pi on to put on. 

Lloyd Webber has never been too popular with 
critics (only audiences), and the reviews in London 


were mixed. Several reviewers said LuPone seemed 
too young and invulnerable for the part of a fragile, 
hallucinating former movie star. 

In the meantime, Lloyd Webber had cast dose to 
star in the show when it opened m Los Angeles at the 
Shubert Theatre in December. Although Close does 
not have LuPone’s formidable ringing voice, her 
interpretation of the role of Norma Desmond was 
better received. 

In February, after months of denials by Lloyd 
Webber that he would shove LuPone.* aside, the 
composer did just that ‘Tbe perception was out 
there that Glerm was the best person,” Brown said at 
the time. “In view of the expense of the production, 
and that our investors have been vocal about this, 
the consensus was that the wisest course for us on 
Broadway, which is the pre-eminent place for a 
musical to be, was that we had to go with Glean.” 

LuPone’s agent. Bob Duva, said the decision left' 
his client devastated. “She got hysterical,” he said. 
Moreover, LuPone first heard the news when Duva 
called her to say a gossip columnist was reporting iL 
Lloyd Webber never called. It .was, Duva said, 
“completely cowardly.” 

In some ways, the contretemps over Dunaway was 
even more unexpected. Although she has never sung 
on stage, the Oscar-winning actress was given the 
part in May after a sm g fn g audition that followed 
two months of vocal training with two coaches. 


At 53, Dnnaway has confronted the same problem 
as other female stars over 40: a scarcity of well- 
written roles. Brown indicated that Lloyd Webber 
and his team had been concerned about Dunaway in 
recent weeks. She was to open in Los Angeles on 
Tuesday, but asked for a delay until July 12 to 
continue rehearsals. Meanwhile, Karen Mason, an 
understudy, played the rede. Dunaway’s rehearsals 
yvere complicated by her shooting a movie, “Don 
Juan de Marco and me Centerfold^" which also stars 
Marion Brando and Johnny Depp. 

Lloyd Webber, flew to Los Angeles to view 
Dunaway’s progress in the role cm June 20. He was 
joined, in a rehearsal room at the Shubert Theater, 
by Trevor Nunn, the director; Brown, his spokes- 
man and friend^EdgarDobie, the head of American 
operations for his company; David Caddick, his 
musical director, and Patrick McKenna, the chair- 
man of his company. After listening to the actress 
ring, the group met that night at Lloyd Webber’s 
suite at the Bd Air Hotel. The next day they met at 
Nunn’s suite at the Canary Plaza Hotel, across from 
the theater. There, they decided to halt the show. 

The one person ignored in the backstage drama is 
Gleam Close, the actual star of “Sunset Boulevard.” 
Close completed her successful run on June 26 and is 
returning to New York to prepare for her Broadway 
.opening. Fearful. of being seen as benefiting from 
the backstage drama, Gose has chosen to remain 
'silent. 


PEOPLE 


JapaneseTycoon Stars 


Although his fortune is taij. ! 
mated to have declined by Hfe 
a billion dollars since last year, 
the world’s richest person is still 
Yoslaaki Tsatsrarti, a Japanese 
. hotel and railroad magnate with 
a tidy $8-5 bilEon. Forbes mag. 
arine said the number of bil- 
lionaire individuals and fam- 
ilies in the world jumped from 
47 to 358' ifl' the' last year, 
iforbes also said the developing 
world has begun to produce in- 
dividual fortunes in “truly 
a mazing numbers.. , 

□ 


With dozens of Japanese se- 
curity poUcein tow. Jinny Car- 
ter scaled Mount Fuji. .TheTor- ; 
mer president began dimbine 
at about Z30CJ meters <7.606 
feet) Tuesday moniing,. and 
reached the summit at 3,776 
meters by early afternoon. 

limn Neeson and Natasha 
Richardson, who met while per- 
forating on Broadway in a re- 
vival of Eugene O'NeiH'i 
“Anna Christie," were married 
in a private ceremony ai their 
country home in upstate New 
York. The guests included Ste- 
ven SpreRwg and the actresses 
Mia Farrow and Emms Tboep- 
9 on. Tbe 31 -year-old bride ws 
gives away by her mother. 
Vanessa Redgjuve, and Red-i 
grave's fanner companion. Js I 
actor Franco. Nero, the 
York Daily News said: Her fa- 


ther, the director Tony Richard- 
L Neeson. 41 


son, died in 1991- 

starred in the Oscar-winning 
picture “Schindler’s List" 

□ 

loEt Sofis, a talent agent who 
admitted riggi n g two awards » 
the ManilaFBm Festival last- 
month, should be banned frorr 
the business, the vice president 
of the PhBrppiries — a former 
actor — stud Tuesday. “Once 
she has been found guilty, rite , 
should be banned totally from 
the industry,” Vice President 
Joseph Estrada said. 


RVIERIUHONAL 

CLASSIFIED 

Appears on Popes 5 7 


WEATHER 


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Forecast for Thursday through Saturday, as provided by Accu-Weatfier. 



North America 
Heavy rains will exit the 
Southeast cm* Thursday or 
Friday. Very warm and 
humid weather is expected 
over the weekend. The 
Northeast. Irom Boston to 


Europe 

Southern Europe, from 
Rome to Athens anti have 
sunny and hot realtor late 
this weak. Central Europe 
wffl be aery warm, but them 


Washington. D C, w* be hot 
and humid Thumday into the 


I Thursday i 
weekend Extreme heel wit 
be conllned to the Desert 
Souttwmst. 


wfli be a lew widely 
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rains will a>et Ireland and 
Scotland. London to Paris 
wfl have maWy dry. season- 
able amaffier. 


Asia 

Heavy thunderstorms arill 
soak the area from Belong 
thr ough Manchuria bter this 
weak. An area at hot weath- 
er wfl stretch Irom Shanghai 
on north to Sect* and Tokyo. 
There will be a tew stray 
thunderstorms at Bangkok 
later this week. Manila and 
Singapore wfl be warm w«i 
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ASIA - .• may- 

172-1011 

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10811 . lithnanfa* 

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000-117 Mala- 

0800890-110 

Indonesia* 

001-601-10 Monaco* 

19*-0011 

Japan* 

0059-U1 Ttofafxiands- 

06-022-9111 

Korea 

00941 Norway 

80049041 

Korea** 

11* Poland**- 

0*0104800111 

Malaysia- 

800-0011 Portugal* 

05017-1-288 

New Zealand 

000-911 Romania 

01-8004288 

Philippines* 

105-11 BosefaftMoscow) 

155-5042 

falpmi- " 

239-2872 Slovakia 

00420-00101 

Singapore 

800-0111-111. Spain# 

yCW-99-00-11 

Sd Lanka 

450450 Sweden* 

020-795-611 

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0080-102880 Switzerland* 

155-00-11 

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