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No. 34,634- 

London, Thursday, July 7, 1994 

--- * • 


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*• 1 \^r 

Babin and Arafat Move 
To Widen Autonomy 

In Paris, Leaders Open Negotiations 
About Further West Bank Self -Bide 

By William Drozdiak 

Washington PmSemce . ' 

PARIS — Israeli Prime Minister Yitz- 
hak Rabin and the PLO diainnm, Yasser 
Arafat, launched a new and critical phase 
at the Mideast peace process by ppemng 
talks Wednesday on antonomy for other. 

areas ^ , 

Palestinian refugees and TJXXT prisppBiy 
ianowinhing in brash detention rofem.. 
fa the wake of Mr. Arafat’s tnumphant 
__ A *1^. ur«t RnnV town Ol 

agreed on some major issues and some 
other issuers will require more discus- 

S£ faa separate press conference, Mr- Ra- 
bin said they bad agreed to establish three 
committees to discuss; 

• Outstanding issues in the transicr pi 
power to Palestinians hr the Gaza Strip 
nod Jericho, - 

Bonn Wants a Piece of Asia Trade 

. . , more symbolism than substana 

By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 
The German government has begun a 
concerted effort to turn Europe’s focus 
toward Asia in order to benefit from the 
world’s most economically dynamic re- 
gion and to dispel Oriental fears of Euro- 
pean protectionism, German and Euro- 
pean officials said. 

week, puts the accent on deal-making 
instead of human rights, an d aims to cast 
Europe as a less-confrontational eco- 
nomic partner than the United States, 
officials said. 

The Asian region “will remain one of 
the real powerhouses of growth anaeco- 
nonric dynamism for quite some time to 
' come,” said Lorenz Schomeros, the se- 

nior trade official in the Economics Min- 
istry in Bonn. That dynamism ho.ds the 
key to Europe’s efforts to reduce its re- 
cord unemployment rate of 11 percent, 
he said. 

“We cannot attack these problems un- 
less we accept cooperation with and 
competition from those .Asian coun- 
tries.” he said. , _ , c 

fa an unusually pom ted rebuke. Eco- 
nomics Minister Gflnther Rexrodt criti- 
cized U-S. policy toward Japan as ’mal- 
adroit” Wednesday and blamed 
Washington’s tough tactics for the recent 
collapse in the dollar against the yen. 

The German push is welcomed in 
most European Union countries, which 
recognize the need for a greater presence 
fa Asia and fear falling behind the Unit- 
ed States in the region. 

fa many respects the effort remains 

more symbolism than substance, offi- 
cials say. 

Divisions between EU member states 
are blocking efforts to ease quotas on 
certain Chinese imports and to draft a 
new trade accord with the Association of 
South East .Asian Nations, while Japan s 
political turmoil has delayed yet again a 
package of deregulation measures eager- 
ly awaited by EU officials. 

A spokesman for the European Com- 
mission in Brussels said Wednesday that 
the latest deregulation proposals from 
Tokyo last week were disappointing. 

He expressed concern that the new 
government of Prime Minister Tomnchi 
Murayama does not plan to present a 
comprehensive package of deregjdaurm 
measures until March, nine months later 

See GERMANY, Page 4 

estaousneu, uiw 

Palestine liberation Organization met 
here to receive a United Nations peace 
prize and to embark on what they both 
described as a decisive period w their bud- 

urged that *>ace 
must be built slowly, s^by-stt^. Mr. 

* Sat injected a noteof tug^mto^c 
relationship. In a speech, he said that pro- 
gress has not moved fast 

months to surmount 

dilation. He insisted that it was ******** 

to make eariy progress toward 

the most perplexing ^ « -J5 

future of refugees, borders and the final 

Ait^described as 7h*£d jrithe 

proc^^A fresh impidse ^as^ento 
peaejf” Mr. Arafat told reporters. We 


nnnirtxation to Palesunian towns m the 

^^SdJ^St on the dretiny of Pales- U.S. Will Give 

tinian refugees in the diaspora. 

>n.. /T~.. T« nlinw W9S 

nan raugera ^ . _ , - 

The GazarJericho phase was hafled by 
Mr. Rabin as completely successful, but 
the subsequent issues may soon pose seri- 
ous challenges for Ins government and ex- 
plain Mr. Rabin’s caution. 

As morelaxid is turned oyer to ^troim 

■ the Palestinians, the Israelis will be forced 
to make excruciating decisions about the 
deployment erf military occupation forces 
££ their role m prote^ng niore then 

nTimns . jmu. f . 

and caution for the pear« process. “One 
has to be patient,” he said. “You cannot 
solve a conflict of 100 years m one month, 
two months or even six months. 

91JU,WU * 

prize along with Mr. 

See PEACE, Page 4 


11 Die in Attack 
In South Africa 

men opened fire Wednesday onrete- 
des cmTroad south of 
iHiimg ii people and woundmg 11m 
Triad* poMecalled a “strategically 

‘^^pototid about 10 pet- 
ered framfce roadside, hitting five 

MW «»*•■-“ 

^artier tins week. 

Book Review 





Page 8. 


Page 20. 

Brazil Lo*e» Leonardo 

BraziTs Leonardo, sent off for elbow- 
ing U.S. midfielder Tab Ramos m die 
hSd during Monday’s match, was. 
banned Wednesday for four matches. 

In addition, the Mexican and Syrian 
referees who came under hmvy enh- 
dsm for their handhng of Tuesday's 
seccmd-round matches were not mm** 1 
to officiate in the quarterfinals when 
FIFA made its selections. 

Bulgaria In Qimh tar final* 

The Mexicans had more stars, more | 
cirip even more players at one point 

^ two more suc- 
cessful penalty kicks, givmg t^a^l 
diootoulrictory in a game that had 
ended 1-all after overtime. 

s*txm^« g^?' : 

Spain, in-FoKboio, 

N&ands w- Bra* ««PgS. 1 g5 T S!ff‘ w . 


Taiwan Leeway 
On Contacts 

By Jim Mann 

La Angela Tints Service 

WASHINGTON — The Clinton ad- 
ministration is preparing 
that will give the government of Taiwan 
greater leeway in dealing with the United 
States than it has had for 15 years, admin- 
istration officials say. . . 

The changes, which await final approval 
by President Bffl Clinton and could be 
announced in the next couple oljreeks, 
would ease some restrictions iunp°wdj on 
Taiwan when the United States c^b- 
lishcd diplomatic relations with its enemy, 

^The Taiwan government, meantime, has 

issued a “xririte paper” outhmng its strate- 
gy toward Quna. (Page 5) . , . . 

A Clinton administration official sain 
that some of the procedures for dealing 

with Taiwan “have become anaclnoms- 

tic.” He added, “The basic thrust of what 

« ^doStb mMA i W ***** 

« the basis for relations with .both Jjuwjrn 
and China. What we re trying to do is 
establish some prmaplwand a position we 
can use with both sides. _ _ . 

The administration’s primary goal is to 
make it easier to oond^ bum^wim 
Taiwan, whkh is now the Umtod States 
fifth-largest trading partner and has more 
than $30 bflHon in foreim occhai^e «- 
serves, second in the world behind Japan. 
Administration officials acknowledge 

that they have held up the propose 
changes to see if they could tnmnm ze toe 
falloot from China, which still considers 
- Taiwan a renegade province. 

•‘There is stffl some concern here anont 

how the Chinese will react,” admitted a 

U.S. official. “Wie not happy with 
what they've heard. , 

to visit Taiwan and some Taiwan cabinet 
members to visit the United States. Al- 

Clinton Urges 
Fast Pullout 
By Russia 
From Baltics 

bi First Such U.S. Visit, 

He Also Asks Tolerance 
Of Civilians Who Stay 

By Thomas L. Frie dman 

New York Times Service 

RIGA Latvia — President Bill Clinton 
told a crowd of 35.000 Latvians gathered 
in Riga’s central square Wednesday that 
he would raoice with them when the Rus- 
sian troops completed their withdrawal 
from the Baltics Dy the end of summer. 

But he also appealed to the Latvians to 
show more tolerance to the Russian civil- 
ians and reined mffitary officer who want 

to continue living among them. 

The Latvians —like their Baltic neigh- 
bors, the Estonians and Lithua n ia n s — are 
outline heavy restrictions on citizenship 
for the roughly 800,000 ethnic Russians 
who have settled in their midst, alongside 
12 million native Latvians. 

The Baltic peoples share a deep resent- 
ment of the Russians, after nearly five 
decades of being occupied by them and 
stripped of their independence. 

fa response, the Russians have been 
dragging their feet about withdrawing 
t heir troops from Estonia — the one Baltic 
state that still has no withdrawal agree- 
ment with Moscow — and have made- 
threatening noises about ‘protecting 
thar citizens in the Baltic nations. 

fa bis address under the “Fatherland 
and Freedom" monument, built in 1934 
during the brief interwar period when Lat-‘ 
via was independent, Mr. Clinton said: 

"As you return to Europe’s fold, we will 

stand with you. We will help yotL We will 

help you restore your land. And we will 
raoice with you when the last of the for- 
eign troops vanish from yonr homelands. 

We wiU be partners so that your nation can 
forever be free.” . , 

Many Latvians fear that independence 
is fragile, and that if Russian residents 
were enfranchised, they would try to bring 
the country back into the Russian fold. 

Clustered in one central spot in the 
crowd were placards such as: Occupiers 

and Colonizers Should Return Home and 

“The Russians Invade Latvia to Destroy 
the Latvian Nation.” 

President Clinton flew from Washing- 
ton directly to Riga and spent the day 
meeting with the leaders of Latvia, Lithuar 
nia and Estonia, before addressing the 
crowd in Freedom Square. 

From Riga, he flew to Warsaw, where be 
dined with President Lech Walesa. On 
Thursday he moves on to Naples for the 
Group of Seven summit meeting. 

Throughout the past year, Mr.Clmton 
has been quietly trying to help Rreadent 
Boris N. Yeltsin of Russia and the Balnc 
leaders work out arrangements for the 
withdrawal of Russian troops by the end or 

Al ^f implicit payoff is that the Baltic 
states will allow Russian officers who have 
resided in their territories for a long time, 
and ethnic Russians who have lived there 
for generations, to obtain citizenship- 
On Tuesday, before flying to Riga, Mr^ 
Clinton telephoned Mr. Yeltsin to bntf 
him on what he would be doing — to avoid 
, any misunderstanding — during his visit 
to Latvia. „ 

A senior official said the Russian presi- 
dent assured Mr. Clinton that he very 
much wanted to withdraw his 2^00 hoops 
left in Estonia by the end of August, but he 

See CLINTON, Page 4 

Map of Bosnia: 
‘Moral Bridge’ 

Is Abandoned 

By Roger Cohen 

New York Tones Service 

GENEVA — In drafting and backing a 
new map for a territorial settlement in 
Bosnia, the Clinton administration has 
taw-n an extraordinary step: It has formal- 
ly backed the handover to Serbs of towns 


r- — - Ajewet,— — 


waters <* Haiti. Page 5. 

See TAIWAN, Page 4 







in which tens of thousands of Muslim 
civilians were killed, put in prison tamps 

or evicted. ... . , 

The map, a copy of which was shown to 
The New York Times, was formally harid- 

, ^ J — ■ J cd to the Muslim-led Bosnian government 

_ , y . n 9 RrtuasJore SfMlD at iVciP Rules 19 to res^T 1 

Aro Some Labs Just Dogs: Breeders snap uv 3 &«J=sms; 

J±Ve OUI I havener mu ch of to »mp«Uon =md wJl govmmKm and a map 

. .j—j tr> destrov called American Labs, windfall profits, according to of the distance traveled by Presidential 

Clinton since he denounced Serbian acts of 
^ and called for decisive IJJ5 

BO™"— ’ “Tgi M NlBWWJsww^r 

SSSssSfe ssstigS 

By Sharon Walsh 

Was hin gt on Post Savice 
WASHINGTON — Many of the cotm- 

jn the club’s stantords have 

“The standard attempts to destroy 
something that’s a result of 150 years <rf 
S&: said H. Price Jessup, onetrftlw 
dMOTmersin the class-action mil “If it 
stands, we’re all ont <rf busmess. 

The dash has not gone unnoticed out- 
side dog circles. Anne Bingaman , the se- 
^ official of the Jnttice I>^arte^t s 
antimist division, has opened aft mvesoga- 
tion intowhethCT the actions of the Ameri- 
can Kennel Chib are antisaompeume. 

The group of breeders and Labrador 
lovers suing the chib are those too breed 
Labs with the stockier bodies uoAortor 
legs that are favored by English breed^ 
Tfose on the dub’s side breed Labs with 
longer legs and bodies. The latter, often 

caned American Labs, also have narrower 
heads than their English cousins- 



doss have eliunaated 

much of their competition and ^ r^P 
windfall profits, according to the com- 

plaint . . . . 

To owners of championsfupLabMlusis 
serious business. A typical ehampionstop 
Labrador - one that has aaammlated 
points in Kennel aob^mwed 
show — is usually worlh . 1 
S20 000. and can bring as much as 535, wv. 
Stud fees are S500 or more, and puppies go 
for as much as $700. 

But if a championship Lab no longer fits 
the club standard, he might as weUbea 
-pound dog, according to some breeders. 
IBs value as a stud dog will be virtually 
wiped out, and the price of puppies will- 
drop to $200. 

un ion sidgc vi 

“gpnodde” and called for derisive U.S. 
action in Bosnia when he was a Democrat- 
ic candidate. . , 

Among the towns to remain m Serbian 
hands is Prijedor, in northwestern Bosnia, 
a place in which aUnited Nations commis- 
sion on war crimes last month estimated 
that 52,811 people, mainly Muslims, had 
been driven from their homes or killed % 
the Serbs. . . 

These acts, the c ommis saoti said, quali- 
fied as “a crime against humanity” and 

See BOSNIA, Page 4- 



Page 2 


- i 

Surge of Squatters Upsets Mandela’s Housing Plans 


By Steven A. Holmes 

New York Tima Service 

SEBOKENG, South Africa — It 
was here, on a dusty stretch of veld 
south of Johannesburg, that Jacob Ra- 
boroko and his flock of 300 established 
a ramshackle settlement three months 
ago. They called it Canana — Canaan 
in the Sotho language — for the prom- 
ise that the land held in their quest for 
a home of their own. 

' Three months later, Canana is less a 
promised land than a crowded squat- 
ter camp of 3,200 people whose pres- 
ence is a sign that the new government 
of President Nelson Mandela cannot 
move fast to enough to make good on 
its promise of housing for the poor. 

■ It serves as one more example in an 
outbreak of “land invasions'* by land- 
fess blacks who see the new order in 

South Africa as their chance to stake a 
claim to their own piece of ground. 
Throughout the country, squatter 
camps are popping up like mushrooms 
after a summer storm. 

The settlements have been going up 
on public and private lands, on empty 
spaces near black and mixed-race 
townships and white suburbs. They 
have even grown near the downtown 
areas of cities like Johannesburg. Can- 
ana sits on property owned partly by 
the provincial government and partly 
by a private company. 

in and around Johannesburg, the 
camps are less the result of an influx of 
blacks from rural areas than they are a 
result of an acute shortage of low- 
income housing. Poor blacks who for 
years have been sharing dwellings in 
the townships or living in shacks built 

in homeowners' backyards are using 
the uncertainty of the new order to 
fulfill the dream of owning their own 

But in doing so they are provoking 
the wrath of nearby homeowners — 
white and nonwhite — who are con- 
cerned about property values. And 
they are disrupting the government's 
plans to build low-cosi housing, in 
which landless people place their 
names on waiting lists until the homes 
are completed- 

There are no reliable estimates of 
the number of squatter settlements 
that have sprung up in recent months. 
But the Housing Ministry of Pretoria- 
Witwatersrand-Vereeniging — the 
province that includes Johannesburg 
— warned recently that there had been 
“an alarming upsurge” in illegal squat- 
ter shantytowns. 

The government appears to have 
been taken off guard by the upswing in . 
land invasions. In the recent election 
campaign, it promised to build a mil- 
lion housing units over five years, but 
it does not seem to have a short-term 
strategy to deter land grabbing. 

In early June, after homeowners 
complained that a newly built shanty- 
town would drive down property val- 
ues, the Johannesburg City Conned, 
controlled by the Democratic Party, 
sent the police to demolish the shades. 

While the council's action was con- 
demned as racist by the African Na- 
tional Congress, Housing Minister Joe 
Slovo issued a statement saying that 
the government “is committed to re- 
spect constitutional rights in land 
against any unlawful infringement and 
unlawful occupation. Squatting can- 
not be condoned.” 

But if the camps bespeak a land of 
anarchy, settlements like Canana have 
somehow evolved into structured com- 
munities. . 

The community is run by a commit- 
tee made up of some of the original 
settlers. The committee has laid out 
wide swaths that are to be used as 
streets, and marked off lots. 

North Yemeni Forces Take Control ^ 

Of Some Key Points in Cent xal Ajdc^u^ 

- . . — r v \T~4kaM VMiwni fnnwc fnlnnl 

Newcomers are assigned numbeis 
that are painted cm the outride of their 
corrugated iron shacks so that one day 
thepostal service will be able to deliver 

The committee charges a one-time 
residence fee of 20 rand which it saysit 
uses to buy rubber tubing and faucets. 
Leaders of the camp say they are tap- 
ping into a nearby main and that they 
intend to provide water to the camp 

ADEN, Yemen (Reuters) — Northern Yemeni farces entered , : 
outlying but heavily populated districts of Aden <m 
whatappeared to fill final pash to overthrow tlteSOUthem- 

troops loyal to the northern notary ^reridmt, 
General AH Abdullah Saleh, appeared to b^mflraMflT. thejp- 
called Caltex circle that commands the approaches to carnal 
Aden. There was no mimed rate word on casualties, but residents t 
said dozens of people had been killed or wounded. . 

The advance into the southern stronghold coracutol wrtb the 
reported northern capture of the major southern onfield and the. • 
town of Mukalla, the second-largest southern city after Adra; - 
which has half a million people. ‘ • . • ■ > 

T - . -j ■ - j >1.^. muvm Hv tunics mrt Strono 

iuui uu uou a _ > ' • 

Residents said northern troops backed by tanks met strong 
resistance in Mansoura, bm - machine-gun fire and rocket ex- 
nhangre iWrf when they reached the police station and the offices 
of the Yemen Socialist Tarty, the South's main political grouping. 




Brother of Hirohito 
Says Army Censored 
Speech on Atrocities 


Reuters history books to whitewash ac- 

TOK.YO — The brother of counts of incidents like Japan's 
the late Emperor Hirohito, in germ warfare experiments in 
an dr ama tic interview pub- Manchuria and the 1937 “Rape 

ABUJA Nigeria (AFP) — Nigeria's military government 
charged the opposition leader Moshood K.O. Abiola with treason 
Wednesday in a specially created federal court, witnesses said. 

Mr. Abiola, who was taken to the court in an armored police 
ib»ti under heavy security, pleaded not guilty. . 

The police had earlier arrested Frank Kokari, the secretary- 
general. of Nigeri a’s mam oil and gas .workers’ union. The arrest 
was reported as bis unio n, the National Union of Petroleum and 
Natural Gas Workers, entered the third day of a strike to pressure 
die militar y government of General Sam Abacba to hand over 
power to Mr. Abiola. The opposition leader is widely believed to 
have won a presidential* erection in June 1993 that later was 
declared vend. 

Turkey DepIoresGreece’s 'Hostility’ 


ri- v.a 

. i'% 

P mj i l Braid/ A ^eoix Fiucc-Ptene 

Thousands of refugees, who were herded into a Kigali school Wednesday by rebels sweeping the city to crush resistance. 

Rebels in Rwanda Move to Set Up Rule 

By Barry James 

i International Herald Tribune 

; PARIS — The victorious 
(Rwanda Patriotic Front ap- 
Jpeared Wednesday to be mov- 
:ing toward an agreement to 
;form a government with mem- 
bers of the majority Hutu tribe 
’on condition that they be un- 
tainted by allegations of geno- 

- Having earlier armed and 
backed the Rwandan govern- 
ment against the Tutsi-domi- 
nated Patriotic Front, France 
on Wednesday bowed to the 
inevitable and accepted the 
Front’s demand to form the 
next government. 

The Foreign Ministry 
spokesman in Paris, Richard 
Duque, said France supported 
a process “founded on power 
sharing in Rwanda, while obvi- 
ously excluding those responsi- 
ble for the massacres.” 

The Patriotic Front accuses Rwanda from Uganda in Octo- would “share power with the 

France of protecting mass mur- ber 1990. political forces not responsible 

derers in the refugee security The ensuing civil war was for the genocide.’* The rebels, 
zone it has established in the ended by the Arusha agreement be said, would declare a cease- 
southwest of the country. Hun- signed last August. But the fire after consolidating their 
dreds of thousands of Rwan- death in an air crash of Presi- hold over the eastern half of the 
dans, mostly members of the dent Juvenal Habyarimana in country. 

Tutsi minority, have been Aprilj ust as he was about to put The Front's policy appeared 
slaughtered in the last three the agreement into effect to reject any participation in the 
months. plunged the country into civil national unity government by 

The New York-based Hu- war again and touched off the members of the interim R wan- 

political forces not responsible 
for the genocide.” The rebels. 

Hie Front's policy appeared 

war again and touched off the me m bers of the interim Rwan- 

lished Wednesday, said military 
chiefs suppressed copies of a 
speech he made in 1944 de- 
nouncing Japanese troop atroc- 
ities in China. 

Prince Mikasa, 78, told the 
daily Yomiuri Shim bun he 
spoke out at the end of an eye- 

staff o^icer with Japanese ex- 
peditionary forces in Nanking, 
now Nanjing. 

Among incidents that 
shocked hum, he said, was being 
told by a young officer; “Hie 
best way to train new recruits is 
to have them undergo bayonet 
practice using prisoners of war. 
it helps them acquire guts.” 

Prince Mikasa said he was 
moved to write the speech, 
which denounced the army’s 
“policy of aggression,” because 
atrocities committed against 
the Chinese people appalled 
him and because of “an irresist- 
ible desire for an end to the 

“I heard that it was regarded 
by the general headquarters as 
‘dangerous* after 1 left the head- 
quarters, and that copies were 
confiscated and destroyed.'* the 
prince said. 

One copy did survive, the Yo- 
miuri Shnnbun reported. It re- 
cently came to light after lying 

of Nanking.” 

China says Japanese troops 
slaughtered about 300,000 civil- 
ians, many of them women and 
children, after storming Nan- 
king, then the Nationalist capi- 
taL The 1946-48 Tokyo war 
crimes trials estimated that 
more than 155,000 bad died. 

Yet, some prominent Japa- 
nese politicians still deny the 
incident ever happened. 

Prince Mikasa told Yomiuri 

Shi m h i in that the riefrpte on 
how many Chinese were killed 
in N anking missed the real is- 

“The Chinese [characters] for 
‘massacre’ mean lolling people 
in a cruel mann er,’ ” he said. “If 
you kin prisoners in an atro- 
cious manner, that is a massa- 
cre. The number is not the is- 

The newspaper asked Mr. 
Mikasa if he had told his broth- 
er, the emperor, about what he 
had seen and heard in Ghina 

ANKARA (Reuters) — Turkey, mourning its diplomat slain by ^ 
gunmen in Athens, said Wednesday that Greece must stop tolerat- 
mg “terrorism” arid end what it called a policy of hostility toward 
Turks. . 

“The present atmosphere in Greece isa ducat to itself, its 
neighbors and the European Union of which it is a member,” a 
spokesman for Turkey's Foreign Ministry said. “It is time to put a 
stop to this Otherwise Greece will be bdd responsible.” 

Greece’s left-wing November 17 guerrillas claimed responsibil- 
ity for the attack Monday on Mr. Sipahioglu, 46, who died after 
three gunmen shot him as he went to work. 

India Sets Reward for Bomb Suspects 

NEW DELHI (AFP) — India's federal investigating agency 
announced 550,000 rewards on Wednesday for the arrest of two 
key suspects in last year's Bombay serial bombings that lolled 3 17 

Hie Central Bureau of Investigation said the rewards would be 
paid in foreign exchange for information that could lead to the 
arrest of the alleged masterminds of the conspiracy, Dawood 
Ibrahim and Abdul Rajak Memon. 


“As far as I can remember, I ROME (Reuters) 

didn’t talk about the document arriine Afl taHa over 
with the emperor. But when I Italian airports on 3 

Strike Brings Chaos to Italy Airports 

met him, I did report on the more days of disruptions. 

ROME (Reuters) — A strike by cabin crews at the Italian state 
tine AKtaHa overpay and woriong conditions brought chaos to 
than airports on Wednesday, and irate passengers faced several 

man Rights Watch urged Presi- wave of genocide by militant dan government at Gisenyi, in jw half a century in the library 
dent Francois Mitterrand in a Hutu militias seeking to dimi- the northwest of the country, of Parliament. 

China situation in bits and Hundreds of traveler, many an their way tn nimmw vacati ons, 

pieces,” he said, adding that he lined up at check-in counters only to be told that hundreds of 
once showed Hirohito some flights had been canceled. 

Chinese-made films about Jap- Air traffic controllers in Milan were to- strike Thursday, and 

anese atrocities. - controllers throughout Italy were to do so Friday in a move that 

Tbeextait to which Emperor also threatened* to halt many fligh ts. AH of Alitalia's ground and 
Hirohito supported or passively air staff are expected to strike on Monday. 


1945 . Air Inter employees have called a one-day strike for Tuesday to 

Emperor Hirohito, who died ba< * **““■ concern that increasing competition threatens the 
in 1989, was once asked at a survival of the French domestic airline. (Reuters) 

news conference: “What do you Private cars are being barred from central Athens following 

think erf your own wartime re- forecasts of hot, windless weather in a bid to prevent a buildup of 
sponsibibty?” air poUution. The measure will be in effect from 7 A.M. to 3 P.M. 

He angrily responded; “That on Thursday. Only taxis with odd-numbered license plates will be 
is a literary expression and I allowed into the dty center. Temperatures erf up to 38 d eg ree s 
have not studied literature.” Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit) are forecast (AP) 

letter Wednesday to round up 
killers known to be in the secu- 

rity zone. It warned that any 
government including such 

nate Tutsi and moderate Hutu, which the rebels describe as a 
In Kigali, the Rwandan capi- “clique of IriUeis.” 

Although Patriotic Front 

tai, the Patriotic Front com- Although Patriotic Front 
mander, Paul Kagame, indicat- forces were only a few kflome- 

Controversy continues to 
rage in Japan over the Japanese 
war across Asia and the Pacific. 
It was not until 1993 that a 

murderers would doom Rwan- ed the rebels were w itling to ters from forward French posi- Japanese Irade r, toe newly in- 
da to a continuation of the hor- accept a power-sharing agree- lions, there was no indication stalled reformist Prime Minis- 

* i_ a 1 — X— - b b . — — — b *_ t 1 1 _ a a ... Ilf a b. b . b b a v — - 7 pt" RAftnli ■ #v\ HrtCAif q n/o ri o r* a /1 

rors of toe last three months. 

France helped defend the 
government after Patriotic 
Front fighters, many of them 

ment in line with toe Arusha Wednesday that they were seek- tcr MoriMro Hosokawa, dared 


The prime minister-designate fended security zone. 

ing to challeng e the lightly de- to say publicly that Japan had 

under that agreement Faustin An Associated Press report As* 8 - 

t a war of aggression in 

the sons of Tutsi who fled the Twagiramungn, a moderate from the zone said that an esti- For decade. tbe ultraconser- 

country during toe power strug- 
gles of the 1950s. invaded 

Hutu, told Agence France- mated 400,000 people who have vative Education Ministry has 
Prcsse in Brussels that he had sought refuge there were des- ordered publishers of school 

agreed to form a national unity peratdy short of food, shelter 

government at toe request of and medicine. ^ ^ ^ 

toe Patriotic Front. The commander of the resid- 1 ,1 _ _ £* 71 

has been a hugely controversial 
topic since the war ended in 

Emperor Hirohito, who died 
in 1989, was once asked at a 
news conference: “What do you 
think of your own wartime re- 

is a litei 
have not 

responded: “That 
expression and I 
ied literature.” 


Mr. Kagame said that the re- ual UN peacekeeping force in 
be! movement would announce Rwanda, Major General Ro- 

toe formation of a “broad- meo Dallaire of Canada, said 
based national unity govern- Wednesday after talks with re- 

Fear of a New Coup Sweeps Phnom Penh 

220 Montgomery Street. San Francisco. CA 94104 ment” within the next few days, bel leaders that he was confi- 

The Associated Press Authorities arrested Mr. Sin 

PHNOM PENH — A senior Sen, one of four secretaries of 
Cambodian government offi- statc in the Exterior Ministry, at 
dal. Sin Sen, and the chief of the airport on Wednesday as he 
police protection were arrested was about to board a plane to 
Wednesday in connection with leave the country, 
a coup attempt ova- the week- Hie police official was not 
end, and many officials stayed identified by name, 
away from their offices as fear The arrests come three days 
of another coup attempt swept after the plotters of the at- 

He said that the Patriotic Front dent a cease-fire would soon be Cambodian government offi- 

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French. of another coup art 

The Patriotic Front “has slat- through the capitaL 

ed to me it is not looking for a 

fight with the French,” General 
Dallaire said, “and toe French 
commander assured me today M /yyvf/ii* 
that be, too, was not looking for X^nMm l/f^I j 
a fight.” 

The European representative By T. 

of the Patriotic Front, James Washmpa 

Rwegp, said, however, that the TOKYO — For 

Prince Norodom Chakkrapong Dozens of guards armed with 

— a son of King Norodom Si- M-16 rifles blocked the streets 
hanouk -were arrested and, in around Mr. Sin Sen’s house late 

flic prince’s case, expelled. Wednesday as others searched 

Diplomats and aid agencies it- They emerged just before 
were .warned of another possi- dark with five sacks filled with 

ble coup attempt, and Interior 
Minister You Hockry said ar- 
mored personnel carriers would 

t, and Interior S™ 5 they had found, 
ockry said ar- Klneu Kanharith, secretary 
carriers would of state m the Information Min- 

tempted coup. Sin Song and 

patrol the capital “asaprecau- istry r said a number of people 
tlon - were being questioned. 

Carter Doubts Koreans Will Yield Reactor Rods 

The European representative By T.R. Reid 

of the Patriotic Front, James Washinpon Past Sernce 

Rwegp, said, however, that the TOKYO — Former President Jimmy 
rebels remained committed to Carter said Wednesday that North Korea 
pushing the French out of would probably not agree to give up the 
Rwanda “diplomatically, polit- used nuclear fuel rods it has removed from 
icaOy and even militarily.” its atomic reactors. 

In Brussels, the Belgian de- “The important thing now,” be said, for 

feme minister. Leo Delcroix. the rest of the wodd, “is that you don’t let 

Mr. Carter lock time dnring a weeklong 
trip to Japan tins week to report on his 
conference with President Kim and offer 
his views of the dispute over North Korea’s 
nuclear development program. 

xi ^ No rth K orea does comply With the 
Nonproliferation Treaty, and permits re- 
quired inspections by the International 
Atomic Energy Agency,” Mr. Carter saki, 
“ require that the fuel rods be moved to 
another country is probably something' 
t^«mt accept, although I wish they 

said the government would any more plutonium be processed.” 

Main European Information Center - Paris 
TeL: (33-1) 
Fax: (33-1) 

Tel: (351-89) 501999 
Fax: (351-89) 501950 
Albufeira, Algarue 

back Mr. Twagiramungu if he Mr. Carter’s personal diplomacy last 

With the U.S. and North Korea sched- 
uled to begin high-level talks in Geneva 
this week, there has been a disag reemen t 
over, what the United States should de- 
mand of the North. 

su c ceeded in setting up a gov- month led to an agreement for toe first 

ernment. summit meeting between North and South 

Mr. Delcroix severely criti- Korean leaders since the peninsula was 
rized France's politics in Rwan- split in two at the dawn of Cold War. 
da, which he said had gone be- In a visit to reclusive North Korea, he 
yond humanitarian interven- spent three days talking to 
lion. 11 Sung. 

Some analysts say Pyongyang should be 
required to surrender us current stocks of 

ME Carter said there was no evidence 
that North Korea, had built a nuclear 

plutonium, plus its used nuclear reactor 
fuel rods, which could be processed into 
more plutonium. But Mr. Carter said a 
demand for the fad rods would probably 
be rebuffed. 

spent three days talking to President Kim 
II Sung. 

“I have been briefed in detail by the U.S. 
intelligence services, and I’ve never heard 
any allegation that North Korea has built 
an explosive nuclear device,” Mr. Carter 
said. At worst, they’ve got enough pluto- 
nium to make one explosive device.* • 

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IMiJntolteAunnKd Pros 

Investigators from tbe National Transportation Safety Board checking part of the wreckage of USAIr Flight 1016. 

Flight 1016: Every Traveler’s Nightmare 

By Peter Applebome 

New York Times Service 

CHARLOTTE, North Caro- 
lina — Shortly after the pilots 
tried to abort their landing, 
amid torrential rains and gust- 
ing winds, US Air Flight 1016 
was slammed to earth in a way 
consistent with what a wind - 

las International Airport, Mr. 
Hammerschnridt said. It then 
crashed. Jotting 37 people and 
injuring 20. 


Interviews conducted with 
the pilot and first officer on 
Tuesday, along with informa- 
tion from the cockpit voice re- 
corder, tower communications 
and other data have allowed in- 

determined the cause of the 
crash. Investigators do not 
know whether the plane flew 
into a wind shear, ami if it did, 
whether tbe pilot's response or 
a mechanical failure ought have 
contributed to the crash. 

a National Transportation 
Safety Board spokesman. 

A board member, John Haro - 
merschmidt, also described to a 
news conference the ebsperate 
efforts of the pilots to gain alti- 
tude around 6:42 P.M. Satur- 
day. Thejet, a DC-9-30,experi- 
enced “a severe rink rate” just 
after it veered to the right and 
tried to cixde Chaiiotte/Doug- 

vcsiigators to put together a 
chilling chronology of every 

traveler’s worst nightmare: a 
sudden, vicious storm that kicks 
up at almost the instant a plane 
is thundering in for a landing 
andbrings catastrophe. 

But Mr. Hammer schmidt 
said the accident was consistent 
with wind shear. And investiga- 
tors were able to assemble an 
almost second-by-second ac- 
count of Flight 101 6’s last two 
minutes as it roared into a 

It will take the safety board 9 
to 12 months to complete its 
investigation, and officials 
it they had not yet 

At a news briefing Tuesday 
nighL Mr. Hammerschnridt 

said the captain, John Greenlee, 
38, decided to abort the landing 

after the plane suddenly flew 
into what Mr. Greenlee de- 

scribed to investigators as the 
most rain be had ever seen. The 
rain kicked up just as he re- 
ceived a wind-shear warning 
from the control tower at 
around 6:41 P.M, 

But shortly after he ordered a 
circle of the airport at maxi- 
mum power, the plane plum- 
meted. At that point, Mr. 
Greenlee hollered, "Firewall 
throttles,'' and he and the first 
officer, James Hayes, 41, who 
was flying the plane, both 
pushed their throttles to overth- 
rust settings. But they next 
heard a warning of an impend- 
ing stall, heard an alarm system 
saying "terrain," meaning they 
were nearing the ground, and 
then felt three ground impacts, 
the second one severe. 


Away From Politics 

• Have of cmy .10 slaying 
victims in New Yonc Qty bad 
cocaine in their systems, ac- 
cording to the Journal of the 
Americas Medical Associa- 
tion. Young women had an 
even higher incidence. The 
journal, reporting on a study 
of 4,298 homicide deaths in 
1990 and 1991, said a higher 
rate of cocaine use. Hedy was 
part of tbe reason young black 

and Hispanic men are more 
IStdyhonjidde victims. 

• A drive by Dr, Jack Kevor- 
kian to put the issue .of assist- 
ed suicide before Michigan’s 
voters this fall has apparently 
fallen short.. His supporters 
need 256,457 signatures by 
next Monday, and are about 
50.000 short. “I’m pretty sure 
we won't qualify for the bal- 
lot,” Dr. Kevorkian said. 

"We’ll shoot for. -November 
Ee a lot of 

year. There will 
voters." - 
• At least six people died in 
the vicinity of Palmetto, 
Georgia, as heavy rains 
brought extensive flooding. 
The downpours were the rem- 
nants of the first storm of the 
tropical season, which swept 
from the Gulf of Mexico over 

the weekend and headed in- 
land along die western pan- 
handle region of Florida. 

• Law enforcement officers in 
California stopped a man 
from taking a ] 3-year-old Cal- 
ifornia girl to Mexico so they 
could get married. The would- 

be bride was going willingly, 
‘ forge Tor- 

bat police arrested Jorge ' 
res, 25, anyway after the cou- 
ple arrived in Fresno, ap, afp 

John L. Phillips, 1HT Editor, Dies at 55 

haemaikmal Herald Tribune 

PARIS — John L. Phillips, 
an. editor at tbe International 
Herald Tribune since 1978, died 
Wednesday in Paris after a long 
battle with leukemia at the age 
of 55. 

Mr. Phillips came to the 
newspaper after a career in 
magazines and television in the 
United States. He was a lively 
writer and meticulous editor, 
and was for a time editor of the 

quietly spoken native 

of Rochester, New York, Mr. 
Phillips struck up many friend- 

_ h oAAntorl 

ships in Paris, his^ adopted 

and a writer at Time magazine 
from 1968 to 1970. 

His free-lance writing ap- 
peared in many publications, 
including Tbe New York Times 
Magazine, Look, Reader’s Di- 
gest, New York Magazine and 
Sports Illustrated. As a televi- 
sion correspondent and pro- 
ducer, he contributed to “CBS 
Sports Spectacular" from 1971 
to 1975 and to the PBS series 
“Behind the Lines." 

He is survived by a hrolber, 
Nicholas Ackerman Phillips. A 
memorial service will be held in 
Paris at a date to be announced. 

pal anns negotiator for the Nix- 
on and Carter administrations, 
an expert in the intricacies of 
nuclear weapons and a noted 
lawyer, died Monday of cancer 
in Easton, Maryland. 

Charles L Dmmefly Jr, 64, 
former commander in chief of 
U.S. and NATO air forces in 
Europe, died Sunday of cancer 
at Andrews Air Force Base in 

President Richard Nixon 
made him head of the U.S. 
Arms Control and Disarma- 
ment Agency in 1969. As such, 
he led the American delegation 
to the' Strategic Arms limita- 
tion Talks, or SALT. 

home. When he needed. 

platelet transfusions, most of 
the police at his local precinct 
volunteered to donate for him. 

He was educated at Phillips 
Academy in Andover, Massa- 
chusetts, and was graduated 

Gerard Coed Smith, 80, 
Was U.S. Arms Negotiator 

Afar York Timex Service 

rard Coad Smith, SO, a princi- 

One of his accomplishments 
was the 1972 Antiballistic Mis- 
sile Treaty signed by Mr. Nixon 
at a Moscow summit meeting. 
He assisted David .Rockefeller 
the next year in founding the 
Trilateral Commission for poli- 
cy talks among Japanese, Euro-, 
pean and American leaders. 

cum lande in EngUsih from Wil- 
- in Wiffiamstown, 

tiams College, — 

Massachusetts, where he was a 
member of Phi Beta Kappa- He 
filftn atxe&ded Yale Law school. 

His journalism career began 
in 1962 at The Berkshire Eagle 
in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
where be was a reporter before 
becoming associate editor at 
American Hoitagema^zmem 
New York from 1966 to 1968 

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On Health Plan, Small Business Says No! 

Intense Drive /igainst Paying Premiums Is a Blow to Clinton 

By Neil A. Lewis 

Vfw York Times Senue 

WASHINGTON — The National Fed- 
eration of Independent Business did not 
need to engage in soul-searching debate on 
health care. 

Almost from tbe moment President Bill 
Clinton’s plan was announced, the lobby- 
ing group representing small-business 
owners knew what it wanted to do — kill 
the requirement that employers buy health 
insurance for their workers. 

For mouths, the federation chipped 
away at the Clinton proposal and its sup- 
porters. The group organized meetings in 
Montana to put pressure on Senator Max 
Baucus. and started an intense and costly 
phone and mail campaign against Senator 
G. Kent Conrad of North Dakota. Both 
senators are important Democrats on the 
Finance Committee. 

The federation also cajoled Representa- 
tive W. J. Tainan of Louisiana and played 
hardball with Representative James C. 
Slattery of Kansas. Democrats who serve 
on the House Energy and Commerce Com- 

By the time they were done, the federa- 
tion's lobbyists had helped tie the Energy 
and Commerce Committee in knots, so 
that it never even finished work on a health 

And when the Senate Finance Commit- 
tee approved a bill that deleted the em- 
ployer mandate, the deep consternation in 
the White House was matched by the jubi- 
lation on the seventh floor of an office 
building halfway between the White 
House and Capitol Hill where the federa- 
tion has its headquarters. 

More than any other tingle lobby or 
trade association, the federation can take 
credit, or blame, for making it increasingly 
unlikely that Congress will approve em- 
ployer” mandates. tbe requirement that 
businesses pay for their workers' health 
insurance, which is at the heart of Mr. 
Clinton's promise of universal health cov- 

Tne federation has waged a 14-month 
war against this crucial element of the 
Clinton health plan, and with a member- 
ship of more than 600.000 small-business 
owners concentrated in the rural South 
and West, it is a formidable legislative 

Besides its impressive membership rolls, 
the small-business federation has learned 
to use technology in innovative ways to 
help focus its resources on individual 
members of Congress. It has organized 
huge overnight telephone campaigns di- 
rected against lawmakers on the day of 
crucial votes. 

“We made the decision to fight this 
health plan earlier than almost anybody 
else did," said John Motley, the organiza- 
tion's chief lobbyist "One of the things 
that enabled us to be so successful on this 
is that we gpt our message out long before 
the calliope of voices on the issue was able 
to drown us out." 

The heart of the federation’s strategy is 

Step 1, decide which senators and repre- 
sentatives will be the swing votes on the 
committees charged with health care is- 

Step 2, mobilize small-business owners 
who are influential in their stales and dis- 

tricts and are willing to deliver a rock-hard 

Step 3. cake the people from Step 2 and 
aim them at the people from Step l. 

“There's no magic io this,” Mr. Motley 
said in an interview. “Our strength is that 
we have a large membership that is homo-? 
geneous in that it represents Main Street 
businesses in this country who are strug- 
gling to keep (he doors open." 

Whether that is an accurate or highly 
romanticized view of the members of the 
Motley organization, it is a group that 
demands greater attention on Capitol Hill 
than most 

“In many of these districts, you go along 
the main shopping street and almost every 
store has an NF1B sticker in the window," 
said a senior congressional staff aide in- 
volved in the health care legislation. 

Last week, two days before the Senate 
Finance Committee voted out a bill with- 

out employer mandates, the House Energy 

1 its ef- 

and Commerce Committee gave up 
forts to approve any health care bill. 

ft was a bitter blow for the committee's 
chairman. Representative John D. Dingell, 
a Michigan Democrat who dreamed of 
playing a major role in enacting universal 
health care legislation ever since he was a 
teenager and saw his father, a congress- 
man. fail in that venture. 

A major reason that Mr. Dingell gave up 
was an inability to get his fellow Demo- 
crats on the committee to approve employ- 
er mandates. 

it became apparent early that the feder- 
ation and the Clinton administration 
would be harsh adversaries. 


Sexism Skirmish at Pentagon Bookstore Christopher Plays Down Dismissal Talk 

WASHINGTON — The battle over sexism in the U.S. 
military bas reached ground zero: the Pentagon bookstore. 

At a time of greater sensitivity toward sexual harassment in 
the aimed services, a handful of service members are objecting 
to the prominent display of a sales rack for Penthouse and 
Playboy magazines in the store. 

Tbe bookstore, a privately owned business that leases space 
from the Defense Department, has sold Penthouse and Play- 
boy for several years. 

“If they want to sell that stuff, let them sell it outside, but it's 
inappropriate here," said a male air force lieutenant colonel, 
who asked not to be identified because, although the military 
has taken strides in women's matters, it has not moved so far 
that such a view is not risky. 

“I just don't think it's in keeping with the effort this 
department has been making to eliminate attitudes and behav- 
ior that are degrading to women." said a female army officer 
who also spoke only on the condition of anonymity. (NYT) 

her says 

GENEVA — Secretary of State Warren M. Christopher s 
there is no “artificial deadline" by which President BiU Clin 
might decide whether to replace him. 

Mr. Christopher was asked about a report in Sunday's 
Washington Post that Mr. Clinton had decided to wait until 
the end of the year to decide whether his administration's 
much-criticized performance in international affairs merits 
replacement of Mr. Christopher. 

“There's no artificial deadline as far as I'm concerned,” Mr. 
Christopher said. (Reuters} 

Quote / Unquote 

Michael Barnes, adviser to the deposed Haitian president, 
the Reverend Jean-Bertrand Aristide, on the new U.S. policy 
of refusing entry to Haitian refugees, who will instead be sent 
home or to other Caribbean nations: “For the people of Haiti 
who are trying to escape from tbe reign of terror, this is a step 
backwards." (AP) 

A special edition Lotus Elan 82 must be won by one lucky 
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Page 4 


From U.S. Split-Levels to Posts in Latvia 

Emigres Give Up Comforts to Help Rebuild OldHomekuid 

By Margaret Shapiro 

Wtahtifgun Post Service 

RIGA Latvia — A retired 
UJL Marine is the Latvian de- 
fease minister. 

A microbiologist from Be- 
toesda, Maryland, is state min- 
ister for foreign trade. 

A former Pentagon analyst is 
the minister in charge of Baltic 

And a lawyer from Los Ange- 
les now heads the Human 
Rights Committee in Parlia- 

This small nation on the Bal- 
tic Sea may have more expatri- 
ate Americans per capita in its 


The Associated Press 

MOSCOW — Russian law- 
makers in the State Duma voted 
Wednesday to invite Alexander 
L Solzhenitsyn to to speak to 
the lower house of Parliament 
when he ends his crosscountry 
journey and returns to Moscow. 
Mr. Solzhenitsyn returned to 
Russia May 27 after 20 years of 
exile and set off era a train trip. 

cabinet and Parliament than 
any other in the world. 

Indeed, as President Bill 
Clinton arrived hero Wednes- 
day for a one-day summit meet- 
ing, he shook hands with almost 
as many Americans now serv- 
ing Latvia as with Latvians. 

“When Latvia became inde- 
pendent the question was, 
‘What should we do?' We decid- 
ed we should return to Latvia 
and help,” said Oleerts Pavlovs- 
kis, the microbiologist turned 
trade minister, who gave up a 
split-level home in Bethesda to 
move to Riga a year ago. 

Today, Mr. Pavlovskis, 60, 
who was born here and whose 
twin brother is defense minis- 
ter, lives in a single room in a 
spartan and slightly dilapidated 
government hostel. 

He gets $400 a month, misses 
watching the Redskins football 
team and spends much of his 
time on the road representing 
newly independent Latvia’s in- 
terests in western Europe, Mo- 
rocco or South Korea. 

He couldn’t be happier. 
When Latvia held its first 

post-Soviet elections for Parlia- 
ment this summer, about 20 
overseas Latvians, mast of them 
U.S. citizens, were elected to the 
new 100-member legislature. 

A dozen more have taken po- 
sitions in the government. 

“We were ‘clean,’ ” said Mr. 
Pavlovskis, explaining the sur- 
prising number of people from 
America elected to PaitUunenL 
“We were the sure ones in a 
system where you didn't know 
what kind of ties people had 
from the Soviet days. We also 
were good campaigners. A lot 
of local candidates didn't know 
how to talk to people or get 
their points across.” 

Several who won election 
have since packed their bags 
and left One American quit 
when Parliament refused to 
elect him president. 

But most have stayed, deter- 
mined to rebuild an ancestral 
homeland that, until its forced 
incorporation into the Soviet 
Union in 1940, had been a rela- 
tively prosperous country. 

Most of the overseas Latvi- 
ans in Parliament were born in 

Latvia, fled westward as chil- 
dren in advance of the Red 

Army and ended up in the 

area, Boston or Se- 

A few arc the children offani- 
grts who grew up speaking Lat- 
vian as their first language, at- 
tending summer camps with 
other Latvians emigrants, and 

hearing stories of the ; : ~~ J 

land behind the Iron ' 

CLINTON: Russia h Urged to Speed Baltics Pullout 

U.S. law does not prohibit 
Americans from hol ding dual 
citizenship or serving in the 
governments of other nations. 

Some local Latvians grumble 
about the American invasion, 
saying that after five decades of 
hardship under the Soviet re- 
gime, locals deserve the “soft 
chairs” in Parliament 
“We are rich, and we left 
them,*' said Gunars Mrierovics, 
74, who fled Latvia after World 
War n. Hie former Pentagon 
analyst now sits in the cabinet 
as state minister for Baltic and 
Nordic cooperation. 

Some also complain the 
Americans, many of whom 
spent years on “Free Latvia” 

Campaigns agitating a gains t the 

Soviet Union, are too hard-line 
in their opposition to Russia 
and Russians. 

— ■ twf — im uwi, — MoNah/TkcAMBaano 

GOING NOWHERE FAST— A stranded traveler wafting with her suitcases 

Station, as «gn«l workers on strike halted Ike majority of train service for the fourth consecutive wozaesoay. 

BOSNIA: A ‘Mora/ Bridge’ IsLeapedfor a farnprornise to End Long War 

Contmued from Page 1 

said it would be contingent on the resolution of 
two issues: die lights of retired military officers 
Gather to local residency or equal housing in 
Russia, and full rights for Russian civilians in 

. Mr. Clinton promised to raise these issues with 
the Baltic leaders and to report to Mr. Yeltsin 
when they meet this weekend at the Group of 
Seven summit meeting. 

After Mr. Clinton's talks with the three Baltic 
presidents — Guntis Ulmanis of Latvia, Lennart 
Men of Estonia and Algjrdas Brazauskas of 
Lithuania — Secretary of State Warren Mr. 
Christopher sounded a cautious note. 

_ “The parties are quite close in their negotia- 
tions but there are still significant gaps." The key 
issue with Estonia, said Mr. Christopher, is the 
fate of a Russian submarine base there, which 
the Russians want to dismantle gradually. The 
Estonians want it done at once. 

Mr. Christopher acknowledged that the laws 
restricting Russian citizenship in the Baltic states 
had been “ungenerous,” adding that he hoped 
the Latvian Parliament, when it reconvened in 
September, “will take a less restrictive view than 
they took in the past” 

To help ease that healing process, Mr. Clinton 
reaffirmed to the Balitic leaders an American 
pledge to provide $25,000 vouchers for each of 
the 2^500 Russian officers stationed in Estonia 
and Lativia. 

The $25,000 vouchers can be used only for the 
purchase of houses or apartments in Russia, and 
are good only if the Russian officers return to 
Russia and use .them there. . The Russians still 

have about 4,500 troops in Latvia but have 
agreed to have them out by Aug. 31. 

Under terms of the Latvian-Rnssian troop 
withdrawal agreement, two operational radars 
will continue to operate under Russian civilian 
control until 1998 to allow Russia to replace its 
early warning coverage they provide with alter- 
native facilities.. 

Mr. Clinton also unveiled a $50 million Baltio- 
American Enterprise Fond which will promote 
start-up companies in the private sector in Lat- 
via, Lithuania and Estonia. 

Finally, Mr. Clinton offered the Latvians $10 
million to finance the training and equipping of a 
new battalion that will take part in joint exercises 
with NATO, under the Partnership for Peace 
program the Western alliance has set up to foster 
closer ties with the former Communist bloc 

In Warsaw later. Mr. Clinton told Poland’s 
leaders that he was confident the NATO military 
alliance would be expanded one day to include 
former Co mmunis t nations such as Poland, but 
he declined to give the Poles any assurance of 
when that might happen. 

“I have always stated my s u pport for the idea 
that NATO will expand," Mr. Clinton told his 
Polish hosts. “But NATO is a partnership of 
many nations. I asked the NATO partnership to 
embrace first the Partnership for Peace, so we 
would have a way to reach out to all the non- 
member democracies in Europe.” 

“I did that as a first step toward expansion of 
NATO,” he added. “But also to see if there was a 
real feeling that Europe be united and that these 
countries could respect one another's borders.” 

“They want Latvia the way it 

CfMBthmed from Page 1 

was before they left,” said Janis 
Jurkans, a former foreign min- 
ister who was also elected to 

Parliament in June. “Many of 
se. It is 

them are full of revenge, 
very dangerous.” 

For Mr. Mrierovics, the most 
difficult part of his new life is 

how long it is taking Latvia to 
ad the bn 

onload the burden of five de- 
cades of Soviet control. 

“We assumed now that it's 
finally free, everything will 
change,” he said. “But we never 
took mto account that the peo- 
ple have been changed because 
of the brainwashing of three 
generations. There was no sdf- 
mitiative. People were always 
waiting for commands from 
above. But university students 
and young people are different 
So there is a good chance that 
we will pull through because of 

Mr. Mrierovics said he does 
not expect to run for Parlia- 
ment again in 1995. “I think I’m 

would probably be found in court to con- 
stitute ^genocide.” 

“We had to jump over the moral bridge 
in the interests of wider peace and of 
keeping Bosnia together ” Charles E. Red- 
man, special U.S. envoy to the Bosnia 
talks, said in an interview. “The fact is, no 
solution could be ideal and we have tried 
to address the main concerns of the Mus- 
lims. Most of the major cities in Bosnia are 
within the Mnslim-Croat federation.” 

Bosnia does at least remain a stogie coun- 
try within its internationally recognized 
borders, albeit in the form of a very loose 

That is true. But in eastern Bosnia, near 
Serbia, the United States has apparently 
had to swallow hard in backing the map 
now completed with Russia and the Euro- 
pean Union. 

Several towns with majority Muslim 
populations before the war that were the 
scene of the worst savagery in Europe since 
World War II have been offered to the 
Serbs in the proposed settlement. 

Among the towns are Vlasenica, where 
over 18,000 Muslims — now dead or or 
evicted — lived before the war and the 
Serbs operated a concentration camp 
called Susica for several months in 1992. 

union between a Mushm-Croat federation 
on 51 percent ot the territory and a Serbian 
entity on the rest 

Moreover, Mr. Redman emphasized 
that the Serbs are bring, asked to make 
substantial territorial concessions. 

It Is true that the Sobs, who hold about 
70 percent of Bosnian territory after 27 
months of fighting, are being asked to give 
up a lot, and Mr. Re dman has clearly tried 

to satisfy many of the Bosnian demands. 

Indeed, President Alga Izetbegovic indi- 
cated that his Bosnian government might 
accept the [dan, in the knowledge that the 
Serbs would almost certainly reject it. 

“If we evaluate that the Serbs will say 
no, then we will say yes,” Mr. Izetbegovic 
declared. “So I emphasize that we wffl be 
saying yes, since die Serbs will be rejecting 

too old now,” he said. He hopes 
d five 

to find an apartment and 
here at least part of the year. 

“Now I fed myself Latvian,” 
he said, adding: “I would never 
give up my American citizen- 
ship. That I won’t da” 

Zvomik, whose mosques and large Mus- 
lim population were crushed by the Serbs, 
is also part of the Serbian territory on the 
map, as is Rogatica, whose entire Muslim 
>ulaticm was pushed CHil or killed by the 

The essence of the Clinton, administra- 
tion's argument is that these compromises 
are essential to promote a solution where 

Behind this evaluation — truly Balkan 
in its complexity — ■ a simple calculation 
lurks: the Bosnian government believes 
that it can escape the stigma of rejecting a 
planit does not particularly like by getting 
the Serbs to do it for than. 

International pressure on the Serbs 
would then mount, with a tightening of the 
trade embargo and the distant possibility 
that the arms embargo on Bosnia might be 

The Serbs certainly have plenty of rea- 
son to say no. in westem Bosnia, the Mus- 

lim pocket around Bihac has been extend- 
ed a long way to the east. 

In the north, tire Sava River area has 
been largely handed to the Mustim-Croat 
federation, including the towns of Der- 
venta and Bosanska Samac. In the center, 
the Serbs are bring askedto give upDobcj. 

And in the east, where Muslim enclaves 
like Zepa are now economically helpless 
taiwrt/fa a potentially viable swathe of gov- 
ernment-held territory stretching from 
Srebrenica sooth along the Drina River 
through Visegrad Gorazdc and on to 
Sarajevo has been preposed by Mr. Red- 
man and his fellow diplomats. 

The Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Kar- 
adzic, denounced the plan as an “Ameri- 
can dictate.” 

Apparently disappointed by the attitude, 
of the Russian government, he added, “It 
seems as if the Other mediators have built 
none of their suggestions into this Ameri- 
can-sponsored pan.” - 

Bat the Serbs, with mffitaiy might on 
theft- side, have always been intransigent 
— that is nothing new. What is new is the 
rHntrm administration’s readiness to for- 
mally endorse a map that gives towns 
where something very dose to genocide 
occurred in 1992 to thepeople who carried 
out those crimes. 

- “The solution in Eastern Bosnia has 
severe deficiencies because much of it is 
bring offered to those who committed the 
atrocities,? Prime Munster Haris Silgjdric 
of Bosnia said. “It is the most problematic 


fr: r - 





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GERMANY: ~A Push for Mom Trade With the Orient J| ;|y SpikcS *£■ 

Continued from Page 3 

than its predecessor had intend- 

Nevertheless, Bonn is ideally 
placed to raise Europe's profile 
m Asia as it takes over the presi- 
dency of the EU this month. 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl was 
the first European to respond to 
the Clinton administration's 
emphasis on Asia, identi 
die region last October as 
many’s foreign-policy priority 
and leading industrialists on a 
tour of China. 

His push paid off in Mr. Li’s 
return visit this week and the 
signing of $3.5 billion worth of 
contracts with German compa- 

Moreover, Germany’s long 
of free trade and its 
lological reputation should 

hdp it fight perceptions in Aria 
that Europe is protectionist and 
cm the decline, officials said. 

Within Asia, “there is a fear 
of an economic fortress of Eu- 
rope,” acknowledged Friedrich 
Bafel, tiie minister in charge of 
, the Federal Chancellery. Allay- 
ing that fear is one of Bonn's 
chief goals, he added. 

Getting from there to a co- 
herent Asian policy will take 

rime, though- 

Bonn is working with the 
commission to draft an EU 
strategy toward Asm later this 
year. But a senior co mmissi on 
official said the initiative was 
ta king second place to efforts to 
upgrade relations with Eastern 

What’s more, he said Europe- 
an thinking to date was largely 
defensive, dominated by fears 

of falling behind Japan and the 
United States in China and 
Southeast Aria. 

. Europe “needs more, clarity 
and precision and definition* 
of its goals in Aria, he said. 

On China, for example, Eu- 
rope has given stronger support 
than the United Stales to Bog- 
inas bid for entry into the Gen- 
eral Agreement on Tariffs and 
Tradeby the start of 1995. But a 
commission move earlier Ann 
year to harmonize quotas on 
Chinese goods drew strong crit- 
icism from Mr. Li in Bonn this 
week and has left EU states 

Rumor of ' v 
Amato Bid 
For EU Job 

•• k_ i_; - • 


ROME — Italy denied on 
lay that i 
Minister GhiHano Amato was' 


Wednesday that former Prime 

Britain and Germany are 
pushingfar a relaxation of quo- 

tas on toys, silk and shoes, 
among other goods, while 
France, Portugal sod others 
want to maintain the quotas. 

TAIWAN: US. to Give Taipei Leewcey on Contacts 

Continued from Page 1 

though there have been excep- 
tions, cabinet-level visits be- 
tween the two government gen- 
erally have beat forbidden for 
15 years on grounds that they 
might be interpreted as suggest- 
ing U.S. recognition of Taiwan. 

• Allowing Taiwan's offices 
in the United States to use an 
identifiable name; like Taipei 
Representative Office. For 15 
years, Taiwan's offices in 
Washington and around the 
United Stales — which serve as 
its uitoffkaal embassy and con- 
sulates — have been called the 
Coordination Council for 
North American Affairs. 

• Permitting Taiwan officials 
to meet with their American 
counterparts in U5. govern- 
ment buddings like the Stale or 
Defense departments. Since 
1 979, the United States has gen- 
erally required Taiwan repre- 
sentatives to meet U.S. officials 
in other locales, such as hotels 
and restaurants,- to emphasize 
the unofficial ties between the 
two governments. 

sics ofour one-Chma policy,” a 
rare wm be 

UJS. official said. “There r 

no change in oar views about 
sovereignly.” He added “What 
we’re trying to do is adjust the 
details of the relationship in 
ways thy allow us to cany on 

naming for the European Com- 
mission presidency, as the Eu- 
ropean Union tried to keep its 
search for a consensus candi- 
date under wraps. 

Foreign Minister Antonio 
Martino dianined as specula- 
tion a flurry of news reports 
that Mr. Amato, a Socialist, had 
emerged as a front-runner in 
the ELPs search for a successor 
to the emtgoing president, Jac-. 
ques Ddors of nranbe. * • 

Mr, Martino said at a news 
conference that efforts led by 
Germany to find a candidate 
acceptable to all 12 states had 
so far faffed. • 


< _ 


“As far as my colleague and 
friend Ghiliano Amato, is con- 

* S:* 

Despite these measures, sev- 
ral Curitc ' ‘ ‘ 

eral Clinton administration of- 
ficials cautioned that there will 
be no change in the fundamen- 
tal principles underlying UJS. 
ties with Qniia and Taiwan. - 

‘We’re not changing the ba- 

, The Nationalist government 
has been on Taiwan since Gen- 
cralissimo Qriang Kai-shek fled 
to the island in 1949 at the end 
of Chuia’s cavil war. For three 
decades, Mr. Ouang claimed, 
with UA backing, that his Na- 
tionalists, rather than the Com- 
munist government in Benzng, 

PEACE: Rabin and Arafixt Focus on the West Bank 

Mr. Rabin declared that peace 
would only come when “modest 
people” and not their leaders, 
feel confident enough to buy 
fruit from each other, share cof- 
fee. root for rival soccer teams 
and squabble over traffic tick- 

“Tins is where thr dr eaming 
ends. The fanfare and festivals 
are over,” Mr. Rabin said. 
“Now the more difficult, the 
more dangerous part begins. 
The handstiftVftt on the lawn in 
Washington, the stage in Cairo 
and hens in Fans must be re- 
peated by the residents of Gaza 
and Ashkdon, of Jericho and 
Ma’ale Adumk,** the biggest 
Jewish settlement in the West 

“We are going along slowly 
and cautiously, one step at a 

time, because the enemies of 
peace are even more numerous 
than we imagined,” Mr. Rabin 
said. “Extremists on both sides 
are lying in wait for us. We want 
to succeed because .we know 
there wiD be no second chance.” 

Mr. Arafat, who shook Mr. 
Rabin’s hand repeatedly during 
the award ' ceremony, reaf- 
firmed his commitment to push 
ahead with the peace process 
without hesitation. 

“You are our -new neigh- 
bors,” he declared, holding out 
his band toward Mr. Rabin 
Mr. Peres. 

HoweveT, he warned that 
tune is of the essence because 
any delay could quickly lead to 
disenchantment with the peace 
process among Palestinians 
who have sow tasted thdr first 
freedom after a quarter centuiy 
of occupation. 

Mr. Arafat spelled out three 

mqoir tasks that lay ahead: 

• TP 1 ® stiict, scrupulous and 

accords leading tothe fiSLdsta! 

tas of relations between the two 


. • The utgeat need for fond* 

Widening “the circle of 

to include Jordan and 
m the months to come. ' 

'{PH? m particularly 
teflL 1 ? ^ f <™p from' 

cments which allow the re- 
ition erf this peace*. 

cemed, it is pure journalistic 
speculation.” said Mr. Martino 
in response to questioning. ■ ■ 

1 Ten days eariier, Prime Mm- 
lster John Major of Britain ve-_ 
toed Prime Minis ter Jean-Luc 
De haen e of. Belgium, for' the. 
EU*s to p executive post at a 
summit meeting in Greece. 

Foreign Minister Klaus icin' 
kcl of Germany, on a tour of. 
EU countries to fry to find a 
compromise candidate, con- 
firmed in Madrid an Wednes- 
day thatthe Spanish prime nun- 
ister, Felipe Gobz&Iez, had 
definitively ruled himsdf out of 
toe r unning He refused to be 
drawn out on other potential 

Britain also denied it^hd ap- 
proved a toort list of accept able 
candidates after two newspa- 
pers published identical rosters 
of seven names said to be toose 
that Mr. Major’s government 
could live with.. Mr. Amato 
headed one of the' fists. *■ ' ■ 

. C ha n o dlor . Helmut Kohl of 
Germany, vidw holds the Elf's 
six-month rotating preadency, 
.has called an emergency meet* 
mg in Brussels on July 15 to try 
to settle the succession:' 

The secrecy of'therearch re- 
flects sensitivity that, the isw® 
mustbc resolved bycoifieoses 
after the Dehaene. debacle, - 
caused ' in part by bitterness 
among a i wmi > y of EU states 
that the Belgian Ghrist ran DeiP' 
ocrat was being railrbaded • 
through by France andGenn*- 
ny. ” r 


. : ■to 


- ' • -xiasL ' 

U*AlJj L> \Sp 


5 % 

IJ.S. Gives Haiti Chiefs 6 Months 


JJ"5«WON - The 
CSintOD i ateanistratidn served 
notice Wednesday that it ex- 
JF*** J5?? 3 ^wtetots to “step 

oown by theendof thewearra 

face the possibility of mffitarv 
intervention. 3 

President Bill Qintoa, in 
Latvia, described Ms new refu- 
gee policy for Haitians as “ap- 
propriate” and added; “I a3o 
think the sanctions are having 
an impact" on Haiti’s miEtai? 

The administration change 
its Haiti poKcy Tuesday 
said the tidal wave of Haitian 
refugees trying to reach the 
United States wiD be redirected 
to P an a ma and other countries 
coder a new plan that, offers 
financial aid to those Caribbe- 
an nations in return for wntfrig 
the crush of asylum-seekers. 

“We believe that our policies 
are going to work,” Wiffiam H. 
Gray 3d, Mr. Clin ton's special 
adviser on Haiti, said Wednes- 
day morning as he made the 
rounds of television news 

“We don't earned the military 
regime to be there six months 

from now. The WOrid flftmnrnni . 

ty does not," Mr. Gray said. 
*^Ye believe that the dictator- 
. ship wiD step down, will leave. 
■*If they don't, then there are op- 
tions that axe open. The presi- 
dent has made it very dear that 
he nrifitary option is just one erf 
those options." 

Asked directly on ABC if he 
was saying that Haiti’s military 
government had to be out with-. 

in six months, Mr. Gray re- 
sponded: “That’s exactly the 
message, and it is my bdidfthaf- 
that ingoing to happen.”, 

. Meanwhile, four U.S. Navy 
ships sailed ■ Wednesday few 
Haiti to stand by in case they 
were needed co protect U.S, cit- 
izens. The ships trill pick up 
2,000 Marines an Thursday in 
North Carolina u nd th#m otl 
toward Haiti. 

The new arrangement far ref- 
ugees drew fire from backers of 
the exiled Haitian president, 
Reverend Jean-Bertrand Axis- 
tide: They are threasaiiiig to 
challenge it in court. 

“Forthcpeople of Haiti who 
axe t rying to escape from the 
reign of -terror, this is a step 
backwards,” said Michael 
Barnes, a dose adviser to Fa- 
ther Aristide. ... 

Under , the policy announced 
Tuesday, Haitians who flee 
their country will not be . at 
lowed into the United States. 
They either will be returned 
Trane or taken to safe havens in 
Panama, Antigua or Dominica. 
'• TraKurzban, a Miami lawyer 
who represents Father Aristide 
and the Haitian Refugee Cen- 
ter, said he expected to He a 
lawsuit challenging the new 
policy because international 
law requires safe havens to ad- 
mit all refugees without making 
individual determinations. 

“Here they're clearly dis- 
criminating,” he said. “They’re 
saying certain refugees are good 
enough to crane to the United 
States and others aren’t: And 

toberace and national origin.' 

Christine Shelly, a State De- 
partment spokeswoman, dis- 
missed Mir. Kurzban's aflega- - 
tion. She said the percentage of 
people granted refugee status 
based on interviews at centos 
in Haiti bad risen from 5 per- 
cent to 30 percent in recent 
weeks. • 

US. Coast Guard boats have 
intercepted 1 more than 12400 
Haitians in the last 12 days, 
including 3,247 on Monday and 
2,602 on Tuesday. 

The new refugee policy is in- 
tended to dteowrage Haitians 
from the dangerous practice of 
fleeing in Small brum 

“Those boat people who are 
in need of protection will be 
given the opportunity to obtain 
it in safe haven camps, initially 
in Panama, and later in other 
Caribbean nations,” Mr. Gray 
said; Tuesday. 

Panama will accept up to 
10,000 Haitians, ana Antigua 
agreed Tuesday to accept 2,000 
asyhm^seekers for six moults. 
Dominica, an isfimri nation 
south of Antigua, agreed in 
principal to accept an unspeci- 
fied number of refugees, Mr. 
Gray said. 

Mr. Gray also said the dis- 
patch of the four US. warships 
and 2,000 Marines to the waters 
off Haiti had nothing to do with 
the refugee situation, but are 
h ea d i ng there in care they are 
needed to protect U.S. citizens 
in Haiti. 

"There is no military inva- 
sion. imminent,” he said, defin- 
ing “imminent” as within the 
next several days. 


;>* . 

TEPEE TOURISTS — Tourists enjoyii 
eastern Netherlands. Scandinavian and 

Daaxl De Xomn£/Tbc Aueoatnl Prat 

a meal outside their wigwam at a park in 
erman visitors particularly like the tents. 

Detective Was Surprised to Find Evidence at Simpson’s Home 

The Aacdutcd Press 

LOS ANGELES — A detective who went to 
O J. Simpson’s estate after his former wife was 
murdered testified Wednesday that he had ho 
idea he would find evidence there or that Mr. 
Simpson would wind up as a. suspect. 

“I did not believe the circumstances, would, 
unfold as they did,” the detective, Mark Fuhr- 
man, testified!. “We didn’t enter with any inten- 
tion of fmdmg anything.” 

He testified that when he noticed a bloody 
glove in the shrubs at the estate, similar to one 
found at the crime scene, “My heart started 
pounding and Z realized what I had probably 

The comments came on the second day of 
tes timony cri a defense motion to disallow cvi- 
dence thHt detectives found at the estate eariy in 
. the nraning of June 13. Defense lawyers say the 
V search was a nproperiy copdncted. 

Mr. Simpson has pleaded not guilty to the 
June 12 slayings of his former wife, Nicole 
Brown Stepson, 35, and a friend of here, Ronald 
Goldman, 25. The preliminary hearing, which 
began last .wed; win decide whether a trial will 

In its motion to throw out the evidence found 
at Mr. Simpson's estate, the defense contends 
that detectives illegally scaled the estate’s waU 

On Wednesday, Detective Philip Vaxmatter 
testified that when he was on the grounds of the 
estate, he roused Ml Simpson's daughter, Ar- 
neJle, 25, from a guest house: When she was 
asked where her father was, she pointed toward 
the mam house and said, “Isn’t he here?” 

. “She looked sort of quizzical,* Mr. Vannatter 
testified, adding, .“I asked her, ’Well, do you have 
a key?* Can. we check to see if your fatheds here? 
We need. to get in touch with him And she said, 
Yes I have a key. Let’s go into the house,’ and 
rim took us into the house:” 

During cross-examination, the defense attor- 
ney, Robert L. Shapiro, questioned Mr. Vannat- 
ter on whether the police had followed proper 

Mr. Varmaitor and Mr. Fnhrman were among 
a group of detectives who went to Mr. Simpson’s 
home to tell him that his farmer wife was dead. 
But then they saw blood on a white Ford Bronco 
parked on the street outride the estate: The two 
testified that the detectives entered the com- 
pound without a warrant because they feared 
whoever had lolled Mrs. Simpson also might 
have attacked someone at her former husband's 

“X said, ‘We’ve got an emergency. We’ve got a 
problem. We don’t know if we have people inside 
that are in danger, dying, Needing to death. We 
have to do something. 1 don’t care whose house it 
is, we have to do something,’ 1 ” Mr. Fnhrman 

But Mr. Shapiro got Mr. Vannatter to ao- 

Taiwan Sends China 
Mixed Policy Signals 

knowledge that despite their fears, the detectives 
did not enter the estate with guns drawn. 

Mr. Fuhiman said his attention was drawn to 
the Bronco because “it wasn’t parked parallel to 
the curb. It looked like it was parked hurriedly or 
haphazardly.” The defense presented photos that 
seemed to show the Bronco was only slightly 
askew, and Mr. Fnh rman responded that from 
the angle at which he had been standing, it 
seemed as if the end of the Bronco was sticking 
out farther. 

Once inside, Mr. Fuhrman testified, Brian 
Kaelin, a house guest, told him that he had heard 
a loud series of thumps outside his room the 
previous evening. Mir. Fuhrman said he went out 
and found a glove in the area where Mr. Kaelin 
bad said the noise came from. 

Other testimony on Tuesday dealt with Mr. 
Simpson's actions the day of the killings, with 
neither witness reporting seeing him for about 75 
minutes that evening. 

Kevin Murphy 

Intemmoxd Herald Tribune 

HONG KONG — A new 
Taiwan government policy pa- 
per outlining the island's strate- 
gy toward China has generated 
more confusion than new ideas. 

The release of the first “white 
paper” on China policy by Tai- 
pei's Mainland Affairs Council 
comes as a more pluralistic Tai- 
wan is searching for a balance 
between the need to profit from 
China’s economic boom with- 
out jeopardizing its own politi- 
cal and economic autonomy. 

Analysts found little sign of 
change in a rehash of old but 


previously unwritten policies 
and scant examination of the 
many complex economic issues 
that closely link the two rival 


But they said the document, 
filled with contradictious be- 
tween policy and practicality, 
may help Taiwan’s governing 
Nationalist Party, or Kuomin- 
tang , placate its domestic critics 
while ddaying difficult deci- 
sions about improving relations 
with Beijing at a volatile stage 
is China’s development 

“We are facing a very serious 
problem with our national iden- 
tity,” said Hu Fo, a professor at 
National Taiwan University. 
“This government must clarify 
its strategy and accept the prin- 
ciple of ‘One China’ or state its 
independence. But this paper is 
filled with dich&s. It merely re- 
peats the former polities." 

The Nationalist government, 
which has ruled Taiwan since it 
fled there after its 1949 defeat 
-by the Communists, renewed its 
official goal of seeking reunifi- 
cation with China, on its own 

It also restated its determina- 
tion not to compete with Beij- 
ing fra international recogni- 
tion as China's sole ruling 
government. Only 29 countries 
have chosen diplomatic rela- 
tions with Taiwan over Beijing. 

The white paper, which was 
released Tuesday, called on 
Beijing to recognize Taiwan as a 
“political entity” with equal in- 
ternational rights, but (fid not 
assert the island nation’s inde- 
pendence, as demanded by the 
opposition Democratic Pro- 
gressive Party. 

China, which continues to try 
to isolate Taiwan diplomatical- 
ly, regards the island as a rene- 
gade province and refuses to 

renounce the use of force 
against it, a precondition of any 
move by Taipei to open direct 
travel, communication and in- 
vestment link* 

In its most recent policy 
statement on Taiwan, Beijing 
said it sought reunification on 
the basis of “one country, two ! 
systems,” a similar model to 
that which guides its policy to- 
ward Hoag Kong, and one that' 
asserts the People's Republic of 
China is the one country with-- 
Taiwan a subordinate, “special'' 
administrative zone.” 

“In the wording of this docu- 
ment, the Nationalists want to* 
calm Communist China down,”, 
said Maysing Yang, director of- 
the Democratic Progressive 
Party’s foreign affairs depan-I 
mem. “It's very cautionary, but 
it is not in the interests of the 
Taiwan people,” 

The “Relations Across the-' 
Taiwan Strait” paper, which is' 
characterized by nonconfronta-.' 
ciaaal language, appears to con- 
tradict Taipei’s strong recent 
push for diplomatic recognition 1 , 
and greater influence in region-- 
a 1 economic affairs. 

It also largely ignores the need - 
for Taiwan’s labor-intensive in- 
dustries to relocate to- Chinas 
where much lower wage rates are' 
offering stiff competition to 
many of Taiwan’s traditional ex- 
prat markets for light manufac- 
tured goods and textiles. 

Referring to the white paper, - 
ling Tin-yu, who heads the- 
Gaiiup opinion polline group's. 

reality, it doesn't want to dis- 
cuss the situation. I think many 
people were disappointed that 
only 700 words in the document 
discussed the economic issues.*” 

However, with dgtente be- 
tween the two countries soured 
after 24 Taiwanese visitors to' 
China (tied in mysterious cir- 
cumstances in March and the 
Nationalist Party deeply divided 
over its China policy, analysts 
said President Lee Teng-hui of 
Taiwan was unable to move too 
quickly in any direction. 

Nor, with China's senior 
leader Deng Xiaoping, 89, in 
poor health and his succession 
unclear, is there a hurry to make 
a binding deal with Beijing, the 
analysts said. 

See our 

Arts and Antiques 

wary Saturday 

3 jv S4t! Andreotti Was in Mafia, 

' _ Italian Prosecutor Charges 


ur hi M 


ROME — The prosecutor s 
office here has accused forma 
Prime Minister Giulio An- 
dreotti af fafl-Aodgod member- 
ship in the Mafia, according to 
press reports. 

The prosecutors want Mr. 
Andreotti to be toed on charges 
that he protected organized 

BORDEAUX — French 
Navy vessels have stopped 16 
S panish trawlers in a dispute 
over anchovy fishing, authori- 
ties said Wednesday. ' . 

crime. Their pew durge against 
the 75-year-old statesman is 
that he was not only associated 
with the Mafia but was an actu- 
al member. 1 

The change in the charge, 
which onejndiaal source in Sic- 
ily called “subtle bat impor- 
tant,” would strengthen Paler- 
mo magistrates' case to hold a 
trial in tile SScffian capital. 

Judge Agostmo Gnstina said 
Wednesday he planned to hold i 
a pre&mmazy hearing in Octo- 
ber before deciding whether, 
there was sufficient evidence to 
try the senator, who, has held i 
virtually every important post 
in Rome since World War IL ■ 

l iirt>cns»siw * ** 


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Directeur Controle 
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Democracy lor Asians, Too 

la Japan, two parties with nothing in 
common but desperation have seized a 
fleeting chance to join up in an implausi- 
ble and probably short-lived coalition- In 
Hong Kong, the local legislators have 
voted for a little more democracy, and 
anti-democracy China has growled a rou- 
tine protest. Nothing there that might not 
have happened elsewhere in the world. 
Yet it is soil being said that East Asia has 
a special sort erf politics, because it has a 
special set of values. Has it? 

The increasingly obvious answer is that 
there is nothing unique about what ordi- 
nary East Asians want from politics. The 
claim that this region is politically “spe- 
cial" is partly a wince at the pain of the 
economic transformation it is going 
through- It is also, alas, self-serving pro- 
paganda by some East Asian politicians. 

When any part of the world {goes 
through the process of industrialization, 
it suffers a social earthquake. As people 
grow richer, they are no longer so ready 
to be respectful to authority. Many move 
from, the polite cohesion of villages to the 
rambunctious anonymity of big cities. 
Some of them use this anonymity to pur- 
sue their own interests at other people’s 
expense, often violently. America and 
Europe, having already been through this 
earthquake, know what it is like. 

They also know that it does no good to 
lamen t the days when the family held 
things together. Urbanization breaks up 
the old extended family. Bigger incomes, 
and the changed life they bring, challenge 
even the nuclear family. The divorce rate 
doubled in South Korea and Hong Kong 
in the 1980s and Is going up even faster in 
ffrma now (whereas in the United States 
it has fallen slightly). 

The romantics of Confurian “special 
values” put great emphasis on the family; 
the family was once, indeed, a splendid 
provider of stability for East Asians. But 
they cannot count on it to restabilize them 
now. They cannot make the family once 
again what it used to be, unless they re- 
verse their economic great leap forward. 

Nor can they guarantee docile teen- 
agera, peaceful streets and a crime-free 
society. The countries of the Confurian 
region, most notably Singapore, believe 
in being tough with offenders. Many 
Americans and quite a lot of Europeans 
think a return to corporal punishment 

might do no harm in their countries, 
either, even though their governments 
tut-tut. Yet here, too, the theorists of 
Confurian values are probably righting 
a rearguard battle. 

Then- region’s social transformation is 
only where Europe’s and America’s were 
half a century or more ago. If urban disor- 
der is already causing them alarm, it seems 
pretty dear that a policy of stem punish- 
ment may suppress some of the symptoms 
but wOl not core the disease: For a cure, 
so me t hin g new will have to be found. To 
find it. East Asians will need to work 
alongside Europeans and Americans. 

It ls dangerous to romanticize the past 
in the nam e of improving the future. It is 
particularly dangerous when the roman- 
ticizing is done by governments that do it 
to keep themselves in power. This is what 
many East Asian politicians are up to, 
not least in Beijing and Singapore. 

The Confurian world, these men say, is 
fortunate to have a special sort of politics, 
built on the Confurian principle of pater- 
nal efficiency. East Asia's people are or- 
derly and industrious because they know 
that their governments are looking after 
their interests. So they do not need, ex- 
plain these men in power, what the West 
means by democracy. 

The claim to a special understanding 
between governors and governed is histori- 
cally false. For much of history, most East 
Asian governments have been far from 
paternally efficient, and most erf the peo- 
ple have been horribly miserable. And this 
special pleading is also wrong about what 
ordinary people in East Asia want now. 

It is fair to debate . which variety of 
democracy is best suited to the temper of 
the different peoples of East Asia: presi- 
dential or parliamentary, representative 
or direct. But there can be no doubt that 
the basic principle of democracy appeals 
to them as much as it does to Europeans, 
Americans or anybody else: The basic 
principle is that governments must regu- 
larly submit themselves to the judgment 
of the governed. The ruled must always 
be able to overrule the rulers. 

This is the idea Hong Kong wants to 
hold on to as unity with China approaches. 
It is also the idea that should fairly soon 
blow apart Japan’s strange new govern- 
ment Democracy really is a universal idea. 


A Democratic Palestine 

It seemed almost antidimactic for the 
PLO’s Yasser Arafat to be making his first 
return home, to autonomous Gaza and 
Jericho, over the weekend. The Israeli- 
Palestinian peace accord has progressed in 
a fashion making his historic mission ex- 
pected and normal The crowds came out 
There was no violence to speak of, al- 
though Jewish settlers cut off some roads 
to Jericho. Chairman Arafat saved his har- 
shest words for donors who are holding 
bade on delivery erf their aid pledges until 
he accepts international standards of ac- 
countability. Israeli Prime Minister Yitz- 
hak Rabin saved his own anger for the 
Israeli “radical right," which is trying, so 
far without success, to sabotage peace: 

On Wednesday, Mr. Arafat and Mr. 
Rabin continued talks in Paris. The lead 
item was extending autonomy to the still 
Israeli-occupied areas of the West Bank. 
It was tough enough to work out security 
requirements for the 4,500 Jews in 16 
settlements in Gaza; it will be far harder 
to protect the 120,000 Jews in 150 settle- 
ments in the West Bank. 

Still, the task looks doable. Chairma n 
Arafat's conciliatory words, the profes- 
sionalism erf his police and the public 
support or tolerance he currently enjoys 
— these give Prime Minister Rabin the 
political space he needs in order to give 

Mr. Arafat the political space he needs. 
The Israelis serve their own interest by 
extending autonomy — and releasing, 
prisoners — promptly and generously. 
This will enable Mr. Arafat to rebut the 
unfair but punishing charge that he is 
selling out the national cause. 

The big event craning up is on Oct 15, 
the first elections to an interim self-rule 
authority. At present it suits the general 
convenience, inducting that of Israel and 
the United States, for the burden of ad- 
ministering the new entity to fall on Yasser 
Arafat Not that be has proved that he can 
govern, least of all that be can govern' 
democratically, but he does personify Pal- 
estinian nationalism. But the longer-term 
focus must turn to whether Palestine is to 
be yet another sluggish and feudal Arab 
stale or the Gist Arab democracy. Fra Mr. 
Arafat represents not only nationalism but 
bureaucratic power. This is what has put 
him in tension with homo-based constitu- 
encies, both moderate-democratic and 
radical, in the West Bank and Gaza. 

What a disaster it would be for the 
Palestinian people to crane aQ this way 
and end up living in a petty police state. 
The United States should leave Palestin- 
ians in no doubt about the American com- 
mitment to a democratic Palestine. 


The Ultimate Censorship 

A 31 -year-old writer, Tastima Nasrin, 
has been riven until Aug. 4 tty a court in 
Bangladesh to come out of hiding and face 
arrest on charg es of insulting Islam in a 
newspaper interview. If she does show up, 
she nsks being killed. A Muslim funda- 
mentalist political leader has offered 
$2^00 for her death; snake charmers 
threaten to release 10,000 venomous co- 
bras unless she is hanged. 

Ms. Nasrin has written a novel “Lay a" 
(“Shame"), describing fanatic bigotry di- 
rected at a Hindu family in Dhaka by 
Muslim fundamentalists after Hindu zeal- 
ots in India tore to pieces an ancient 
mosque in Ayodhya in 1992. A rattled 
government has banned her book, and her 
feminist views are assailed by Islamic radi- 
cals as impious. The price on ho- head was 
obviously inspired by the bounty offered 
by Iranian uniHabs for the death of Sal- 
man Rushdie, whose novel “The Satanic 
Verses" was also assailed as blasphemous. 

It cannot be said too often: the true 
blasphemy is to kill or threaten to kill- 

anybody for writing a book. Religions are 
not threatened but protected by mutual 
tolerance, a lesson that the West has 
learned at bitter cost from inquisitions and 
witch-buntings. As often as not, this ulti- 
mate form of censorship springs from a 
political struggle: The late Ayatollah Kho- 
meini exploited “The Satanic Verses" to 
reassert his flagging leadership of Iran’s 
Islamic revolution. Karim Alrawi, a hu- 
man rights advocate in Cairo, says it is not 
only militant Lslamirists who assail writers 
and artists in Egypt: “Members of Parlia- 
ment are also having a go. They know a 
good headline grabber when they see it” 
So the fever spreads, turning countries 
like Bangladesh, whose Muslim leaders 
once talked of secularism and tolerance, 
into republics of silence. Norway has 
laudably offered to mediate a safe-con- 
duct exit for Taslhna Nasrin. Meanwhile, 
to her persecutors, including a govern- 
ment that has surrendered to extremists, 
one word suffices: shame. 


International Herald Tnbune 




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■’ 2 

Helping to Realize the Promise of a Changing World 

P ARIS — Change can be disturbing, 
even fri ghtening . The way economies 
work today is changing rapidly; political 
relationships are evolving, and social 
structures are in tunnofl. The work! has 
became less predictable, more prone to 
misunderstandings and rife with tension. 

Ye* this new world offers more — and 
mare widely spread — rewards. Rather 
than resistance to change, there is a bnr- 


extended across town now 
stretches around the globe. 

geoning need for cooperation to decipher 
and manage the effects of all this change 
and sp ur it on. This is the role of the 
OECD. As the world moves faster, this 
role becomes all the more critical 
The transformation of economies is at 
the heart of world change. Today’s eco- 
nomic transformation has a name: glob- 
alization. Interdependence is as old as 
international trade, but it has diversified 
and accelerated dramatically in the past 
decade, with trade liberalization, compe- 
tition and technological progress. We live 
in a “global village:" 

More than a quarter of international 
trade in goods is now by air. Information 
is available simultaneously everywhere 
— and can be processed anywhere. For 
big and small companies alike, the mar- 

By Jean-Claude Paye 

The writer is sccretary-general of 
the Organization for Economic 
Coop^ion and Development 

ketplace that once extended across town 
new stretches around the globe. 

Global markets draw more countries 
into the mainstream <rf economic devdop- 
menL Developing countries become better 
easterners, but they also become new com- 
petitras, which sharpens world competi- 
tion. This is good for consumers, who get 
wider choice at better prices; and it opens 
up new markets far producers. But this 
competition can also be felt as threaten- 
ing, and can fnei demands for protection- 
ist measures. This in turn aggravates inter- 
national friction, which is best arrested 

atism, rehgious intolerance and xenopho- 
bia are on the rise, no longer deterred by 
the risk of nudear holocaust. No kmga: 
divided between North, East and Sooth, 

Cooperation will, partially, take the 
form of new roles fra the globalization 
p»M that cover a range of policies that 
were once in the purely national purview, 
such as tax, immigr ation, environment 
and rules fra in ve stm ent 
The spectacular political transforma- 
tion erf recent years should serve to but- 
tress economic cooperation. The great 
ideological divide between East and 
West with its consequences for the 
South, has almost disappeared. Former 
Communist countries and developing 
countries embrace pluralistic democracy 
and a market economy. 

But disputes, frustration, even hatred 

The litmus test is before us. WOl the 
United Nations be able to cope with the. 
world security problem now that it is no 
longer stalled by systematic vetoes? At 
the Mine time, thereis much reason -fra 
strengthened international economic co- 
operation, to buttress in its turn the new 
political structure. ■ 

Pervasive social upheaval, too. makes 
the world less predictable. In countries 

j from rmdexdevdaprnent orcom- 

feqonomies, the move toward market 
economics deeply disrupts social struc- 
tures: a nascem ebuffieut capitalism often 
takes on rather wild features. And in the 
OECD countries, the challenges of agtob- 

tfaeir befief in ever nsmg hying standards 
and ever enhanced security Thus the 
pressures on governments to defend pre- 
sto* already quaa-obsaete interests, 
rearer than build tomorrow’s worid. 

The coincidence between the eoti- 
nARtie. ndidcal and social transfonna- 
W difficult yet. all the 
more indispensable, to reinforce inter- 
national cooperation- - - . 

For more than three decada, the 
OECD has proved its particular abtmy to 

identify emerging prooiem areas, 
and formulate 


^ addition to l_ ^ 
jrorinz and analyzing economic penar- 
manc£ it has moved decisively in recent 
yean to set the principles fra agricultural 
ref pinij explain interactions between tech- 
nological change and economic develop-, 
meat, help nations harmonize potidfcs fra 
international trade, foster therapkltran- 

W III I U it a , U* Uiaua iwo T . ■ - ■' r , , 

al economy are not matched by tfieneces- siticm to _ market 
sary adjustments and innovations. Many Communist countries, disentangle the 
in society fed daunted, and ding to the 
eat — or even seek to move the dock 
: — rather than anticipate and prepare 
fra the future. Unemployment, poverty, 
exetaskm, drugs, crime arc unhap py mani- 
festations of lurching change. 

No wonder, then, that public opinion, 
uncomfortable with all this change, tuns 
against its politidans. New generations, 
who little appreciate what a miracle half 
a century of growth and peace has been, 
protest discouraging prospects. Older 
generations resent having to abandon 

causes of unemployment, and make poli- 
cy recommendations to reduce it. 

The OECD is helping to shape tomor- 
row’s worid economy by focusing on the 
processor gjobatizanon, fostering smooth 
societal and engaging the worid’s 

w n r .i p ing economic powers in policy dia- 
logue. Independent, competent, nonideo- 

logical, practical reflection is more races- 
y«y th an ever to cope with the cfaaBen g es 
of a fast changing worid economy. Fratu- 
natdy there is the OECD to provide iL 

International Harold TribtBO. 

Back to History as Usual, Which 

P ARIS — The Cold War was 
said to have ended with the 
fall of the Berlin Wan, but the 
withdrawal of Allied troops 
from Berlin marks its real end, 
removing all foreign forces from 
Central Europe. President Bill 
Clinton’s speech at the Branden- 
burg Gate next Tuesday will end 
a 50-year American engagement 
in Central Europe that had no 
lent, and which, one must 
. will require no sequel 
The Allied units remaining in 
Germany are no longer there for 
Cold War reasons but as part of 
a common effort, in which Ger- 
many is a full partner, to institu- 
tionalize a new collective securi- 
ty against threats that can only 
be identified in abstractions: 
disorder, extremism, national- 
ism, national breakdown. 

No tangible security threat to 
North America or to Central 
and Western Europe — or to 
Russia — now exists. Yet the 
perception of a generalized inse- 
curity is much stron ger today 
than it was when the Allies lived 
by mutual nuclear threat, their 
societies organized for war. 

By William Pfaff 

There are good and bad rea- 
sons for this sense of insecurity. 

The weakening or disintegra- 
tion of certain social structures 
in the former Co mmunis t coun- 
tries, and the economic upheaval 
they experience, nourish extrem- 
ist reactions of the kind that 
have ravaged die former Yugo- . 
slavia and were commonplace, 
and lethal, during the interwar 
years. Radicalism in the Islamic 
worid is perceived as a threat, at 
least indirectly, not only because 
of its practice of terrorism but 
because it generates refugee 
flows toward the Western coun- 
tries. The same is true of the 
breakdown of African states. 

The lack of an explanation fra 
all of this also causes insecurity, 
and this has perhaps the greater 
influence on Western policy 
thinking. A search has been on 
for some time to find a theory, 
an idea, that will make sense of 
these challenges, and thereby im- 
ply a solution, or at least the 
possibility of a sweeping solution. 

We miss ' Marxism, the theory 

that explained evraythmg- The 
anti- Comn nm is ts may miss it 
even more than the Marxists. It 
gave a political meaning to then- 
existence as well as to that of 
the Communis^ providing both 
with their policy agendas. 

The search for a unifying the- 
ory of foreign policy has been, 
going on in the United States 
rinp« the Cold War ended, and 
certainly the Clinton ad- 
ministration took office. 

Mr. QmUm started out by ap- 
propriating die Bush adminis- 
tration's argument that since 
rnrnmnirism had collapsed, the 
worid now was taking no de- 

mocracy, and the Unit 
had only to lend its cooperation. 
This proved neither true nor use- 
ful in the situations that ' the 

United States has found itself in 
— Somalia, Bosnia, Haiti, North 
Korea and Rwanda. 

Francis Fukuyama's theory 
about the end Of history and 
Samuel Huntington’s vision of 
coming wars between cndliza- 
tibns found an audience among 

policymakers because they seem 
to offer the missing general ex- 
planation. However, the true 
unif yin g theme is that there is no 
thftTfl p There is no single threat 
today, hence no angle answer. 
There are discrete problems. 

There is the problem of re- 
establishing Rnsaa in a rspos- 
sible rede in the international sys- 
tem.. There is the challenge of 
assuring the security of the far- 
mer CbmmunistrCoatroUed states 
in Central and Eastern Europe 
without isolating Russia. 

There is the problem of nation- 
al development and international 
aggression in the Soviet successor 
states and the Balkans, where 
people are driven by nationalist 
emotions disproportionate to 
their social and economic chari- 
ty to function as modem nations. 

. There are the problems pro- 
duced by economic and demo- 
graphic pressures in the nations 
adjacent' to the industrial na- 
tions, provoking nrigratoty flows 
as well as political conflicts. 

There is Africa, where West- 
ern national interests may not 
be engaged but human solidari- 

ty is affronted by the collapse of 
social structures and try terrify- 
ing ethno-tribal conflicts. 

There are competitive . ten- 
sums among the advanced na- 
tions themselves, which have po- 
litical consequences. Economic 
rivalry between Japan and the 
United States has already pro- 
voked demagogic reactions that 
go as far as the forecast of war. 

But none of this jiossesses a 
common theme. This is history 
as it usually happens. The im- 
portant thing today is not to be 
panicked by the loss of a unify* 
mg thane in international rela- 
tions. The challenge is to take 
problems fra whal they are. 

The Cold War had a theme; it 
was an exceptional period. We 
are weO out of it we now are 
back to the usual disorder of 
history. As Mr. Clinton and'bis 
associates have discovered, liv- 
ing^ with complexity is very hard. 
But it is better than dealing with 
the lethal simplifications that 
dominated international rela- 
tions between 1918 and 1989. 

International Herald Tribune. 

C £ar Angeles Times l Syndicated 

W ASHINGTON — Shortly 
after Operation Desert 
Storm blew the Iraqi army out of 
Kuwait in 1991, General Mau- 
rice Schmitt, then chief of staff 
of France’s armed forces, visited 
a foreign general to talk about 
the future of war. It will never be 
the same, he said. 

No army in a democracy can 
fight a war again without the fear 
of looking ridiculous unless it 
wins in a week or less using smart 
bombs and suffering almost no 
casualties, the general worried 
aloud, his fellow chief of staff 
recalled later. 

I thought of General Schmitt's 
fear of the psychological conse- 
quences of the too perfect victory 
tins week while reading David 
Gomperfs fihumnatmg article on 
the wars of ex- Yugoslavia in the 

By Jim Hoagland 

summer issue of Foreign Affairs. 
Mr. Gompert confirms that per- 
formance anxiety has become a 
feature of war planning because 
Of the high s tandards (of public 
relations as well as war-making) 
set by Colin Powell and Norman 

Mr. Gompert held a key policy 
jab on the National Security 
Council staff in the last two years 
of the Burii a dmini s t ration. He 
describes how the lessons the 
American public was encouraged 
to learn from Operation Desert 
Storm strongly inhibited the UB. 
response to Serbia’s war of ag- 
gression in Bosnia. 

“Desert Storm taught the 
American people, wrongly, that 
vital interests could be defended 

with a handful of casualties in a. 
video game war," Mr. 

■declares. The Bush fc 
team concluded, that 
backing fra the use of force in 
Yugoslavia, ambivalent at the 
•outset, would quickly evaporate.” 
Unconsciously echoing the 
French general's lament about 
the future of war in electronically 
guided democracies, Mr. Gom- 
pert’s article shorn how and why 
the Bush administration refused a 
leadership role in Yngoriavia: 
“Following the Gulf War, a 
leading role m Yugoslavia would 
have implied that the- United 
States could and would act as 
international policemen, even in 
an area of more immediate im- 
portance to America’s rich Euro- . 

For Somalia’s Sake , Get the UN Out 

N EW YORK — Once again, 
United Nations peacekeep- 
ers are crouched behind sand- 
bags watching Somalia’s fac- 
tions fight it oul 
This round of fi ghting , the 
heaviest since before the U.S.- 
led intervention in December 
1992, was started by Moham- 
med Ali Mahdi, who means to 
drive ins rival, Mohammed Far- 
rah Aidid, out of Mogadishu 
once and for alL 
To its credit, the United Na- 
tions has not become involved 
in the dashes. But if the peace- 
keepers aren’t keeping the 
peace, what are they dcang? 
Why did the Security Council 
extend the mandate for the op- 
eration until the end of Septem- 
ber? The cost will be more than 
$300 million, beyond the S15 
trillion already spent 
More importantly, the exten- 
sion perpetuates policies thax 
have been directly responsible 
fra suspending Somalia in a 
stale of war. The UN strategy 
has been in place since Novem- 
ber, when the world body re- 
moved General Aidid from its 
most-wanted list and escorted 
him to the conference table. 

In March, as UB. troops were 
completing their withdraW, the 
United Nations announced that 
the factions’ leaders had signed a 
peace accord and agreed oa a 
date for a reconciliation confer- 
ence. Skeptics pointed out that 
the leaders had nothing to nego- 
tiate; neither Genial Aidid nor 
Mr. Ali Mahdi was prepared to 
settle fra anything less than the 
presidency. Those suspicions 

By Michael Maren 

were confirmed in May when 
the planned conference was 
postponed for the fourth time 
after no one showed up. 

Desperate to put its seal cm 
some kind of agreement, the 
United Nations has pinned its 
hopes on the warlords, failing to 
see that tbrir interests are served 
by prolonging the conflict. 
Worse, it is providing incentive 
for them to keep fighting. 

In the most violently contest- 
ed areas, the UN presence means 

jobs, contracts and money. The 
united Nations rents houses, 
hires trucks and issues millions 
of dollars in contacts and sub- 
contracts to businessmen with' 
dose ties to the warlords. 

In addition, for two months 
some of the fiercest battles in 
Mogadishu have been around 
the airport, as dan militias 
jockey to control the corridors 
through which UN-imported 
food and equipment pass. 

Areas without a UN presence 
have been relatively peaceful 
An example is^ Gakaio, a central 
town situated between major 
feuding clan*. During the civil 
war, it was the site of some of the 
heaviest fighting in the country. 
Then in May last year meetings 
among community l ead e rs , reli- 
gious figures, businessmen, stu- 
dents and representativesof die 
factions produced a peace ao- 
cord that has bdd fra more than 
a year. The United Nations 
played no role in the meetings. 

On a stroll through the quiet 

streets of the town two months 
ago, I asked the regonal gover- 
nor where the once ubiquitous 
“technicals" had gone. “The 
boys are doing business,” he 
said. They had removed the 
weapons from their trucks and 
begun transporting livestock to 
Bosasso, a port in the north. 
They returned with imported 
beans, rice and other goods. 

The cease-fire has endured 
because members of both clans 
need the 750-kUometer road 
from Galcaio to Bosasso. Since 
tbere is almost no foreign assis- 
tance in the region, people de- 
pend on the peace, not on Unit- 
ed Nations contracts. .... 

The next day I drove to Bo- 
sasso, without weapons and part 
of the way airtight. There I also 
focmd peace, commerce and peo- 
ple from different dans doing 
business. I came across a dose 
relative of General Aidid who 
was concluding a deal to setup a 
satellite telephone system in 
partnership with a political rival 

The fear now is uot Ac fight- 
ing in Mogadishu win spread — 
that the dan members win have 
to shoo the goats off the trades 
and remount the gim The best 
thing die United Nations can do 
is leave and acknowledge that 
the only enduring peace wfll be 
the one the Somafis carve out for 

The writer, whohas worked for 
international aid organizations m 
Africa, Is preparing a bode about 
the origin of the conflicts in So- 
malia. He contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Times. 

pcan partners." That was clearly 
a role Mr. Bush did not want to 
pursue, the author suggests, de- 
spite the earlier pledge to found a 
“new worid order.” 

“Only massive Western inter- 
vention would have stopped and 
reversed Serbian aggression, not 
some smart bomb aewn the right 
Serbian chimney,” Mr. Gompert 
continues. “The United States 
faced bry far the largest ride be- 
cause it had (and has) the only 
real intervention capability ... 
President Bush’s decision not to 
allow American ground forces to 
play any role under any circum- 
stances in Bosnia effectively pre- 
cluded large-scale Western miK- 
taiy intervention.” 

Mr. Gqmpert’s article is entitled 
“How to Defeat Serbia.” But his 
game plan for increased sanctions 
enforcement and an 'information 
war” against Slobodan Milosevic’s 
Belgrade regime is the least inter- 
esting part of what he has to say. 
These are obvious remedies. He 
does not lay out a prescription for 
developing the political will in Eu- 
rope and America needed to im- 
pose them on the Serin. 

Far more interesting is his crisp 
analysis of the major policy fail- 
ure m Bosnia. 

Like many framer Bush aides, 
he is critical erf the Clinton ad- 
ministration's undisg uised vacil- 
lation on Bosnia. But tmhTre James 
Baker, Brent Scowcrerft and Law- - 
fence Eagkburger, Mr. Gompert 
(however delicately) accepts and 
details th$ Bush administration's 
own, crucial failures on Bosnia. 

*TJ.S. handling of the Yugoslav 
crisis from 1990 through 1992 con- 

tradicted and undermined its de- 
clared policy reg ardin g the cat 
tralxty and purpose of NATO in 
posMjokl War Europe,” he writes. 
^The Bush a dmi n is tration did not 
press fra the use of NATO to ret 
and manage Western strategy, * 
much less to intervene." 

He correctly judges that “at the 
root of Ame r ica n failure! was 
West European failure." But tie 
then passes too quickly ovrirl^c 
contention that the West Europe- 
ans lack the military capacity {as 
well as the political consensus) to 
intervene m former Yugoslavia 
on their own. How the European. 

of NATO beaune to 
shaky so quickly would be an#-: 
teresting stray in its own righL ^ ; 

“The president’s advisers knew 
that Western militar y inteaventidQ' 
in Bosnia really meant Ame rican 
military intervention with token 
allied forces ... Only the Utiftft 
States would be under ptesHfiw to 
escalate its invoivemcan to c#tte 
success . . . Once committed, the 
United States would then havtrte 
use all necessary force to j 
failure," and Mr. Bush would not t 
gamble “that the Srabs would#? 
their nerve when confronted wi|h 
American mi gh t " ' 

This is history that casts a#ig 
shadow on the future. America 
emerged from Vietnam with jra 
exa ggera ted sense of total defeS 

- and from Iraq with an ex a ggerated 
sense of total victory. 

read , the article helps us uraw- 

- stend how both precedents «om- 
■ bine to constrain and ixudagauge 
America’s real power in a new era 
that still needs its leadash# ^ : .j 

The Washington Past 

IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEA ns AGO 
1894c A Carious Object 

LONDON — The evening papers 
contain the following exciting 
news: “The Southampton police 
have arrested an Ame rican vvho 
atte mpte d to shoot a boy. On be- 
ing arrested a remarkable instru- 
ment was found on him- It had a 
number of delicate sp rings When 
dosed the instrument formed a 
knuckleduster, by touching a 
qprmg it f ranted a dagger, whfle a 
second spring converted it into a 
ax-chambered revolver." It is re- 
ported that rat touching a third 
spring .the article became a ham 
smdwidi and a bottle of ale, 
whim the prisoner devoured. 

1919s America’s Share 

vdreless his reply to those who are 
advoc ating America’s return to a 

dared they must continne to 
put America at the servkte -of 
mankind, and forecasted , the 
campaign he wOl probably make 
in the United States, if hebetiwes. 
it to be necessary, to cany out thc 
assurances he gave to the Paris 
Conference of America’s willing- 
ness to bear her share of the bur- 
den in the new order of things.- - 

LONDON — [From our- New 
Yrak edition:] Prime hfimstff 
Churchill revealed in tin House 
of Commons today [July 6] that 
150 flying bombs have been scut 
mto England every day for almost 
“tree weeks, and that 10,000 pe*^ 
sons, mostly in greater LoouftW- 
have been kfltled or seriously hurt 

by them. Chuichifl said that Lon- 
don already b befog evacuated <rf 

school children and whoever rise 
has no Function-in the wSr.riffo 1 ?: 

• t* 'A i 

t> I 

— i 


i ^'* m . ^1' 
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. "■■■•*■ .’•» 



Page 7 

•L- K..*i 

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= : 

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- ' ’ ■'•'C 


\ .1 

By Flora Lewis 

P^orth r ? Jcwe ^ IhatprcrvocatkmwOTHwcdL Both is 

m 6,114 nonsense to say, as Mr. Kissinger 

ever *“* **“ ■ <^thatAQWKM 

. °niK>ooib Koreaa - summit fh«r tactical tmrfggr shwd gfn find 

CEm™? Si? 1 . moat ^ ^ thenKdvcs in a precarious position.” 

Canton admmistra&on rs resisting Removal of VS. battlefield nukes 

actiaa *** not wdwc the South's unclear 
thepressure shWd, and I have never found a 
^thin the United " field commander anywhere who 
htSw S r W ^ sh ™g^ is respond- said. he could thinkof any cricum- 
context stances in winch he would want to 

the Untied 
States, and Washington is responsi- 
JJ*J or faa j°g*o explain the context 
of the amtoBtohon. ' 

. Evm»praak»iag^^ 
tteuy Kissinger professes lo fed it 
odd that Chma, Japan and South 
l r? I ? ..:P eein -not to perceive their 
nsKs if wtematkHia] controls do not 
“et^fflstraWy pot an end to North 
Korea s unavowed' atomic weapons 

they axe the ctosesTneL^ 
bora and would be most exposed. 

The point is precisely that as 
noghboara they do not separate the 
nuclear threat from all the others 
that isolated North Korea poses to 
the region. They know, as Washing- 
ton seems to overlook, that North 
Korea is not only a regime. It is 
a country of 20 milKon (compared 
with 40 nriffionin the South), armed 
to the teeth, hungry, short of every- 
thing esscept weapons. 

There is a win to unification on 
^both sides of the dividing rm- 
' posed by the victors in World War 
H, as the line between East and West 
Germany was imposed when Soviet 
and Western armies met But there 
is no longer the slightest question of 
which side would dominate when 
the line is eventually erased. 

Now 82, Kim H &mg thought he 
would take over when he invaded 
South Korea with Stalin’s support in 
1950. Not only Stalin and the Soviet 
Union are gone. Sooth Korea is 
flou rishing and the Stalinist North 
has failed, .unable even to launch the 
economic and social reforms which 
are transforming China wfafle pre- 
serving its regime. 

So the most pressing danger felt 
by its neighbors is the sudden col- 
lapse of the North, unleashing mil- 
lions of desperate refugees and re- 
quiring vast efforts to restore a 
ruined land. The scale would be 
much greater than West Germany’s 
task in absorbing 17 million East 
Germans, and absolutely nothing 
has begun to ease a transition. 

Nobody — including Beijing, ac- . 
cording to its senior officials — 
knows Kim 11 Song’s real intentions 
and his game plan. His nuclear am- 
bitions and ms tricky maneuvers 
have to be taken seriously. So U.&. 

militar y i emf niC Bnw> t< are both pTU- 
i dent and a way of sending a message 


.s.4^; ■> 

stances in winch he would want to 
use these pointless tactical weapons. 

The problem for Washington is 
not that concessions have been 
made to Pyongyang as induce- 
ments to submit to international 
.inspection. It is that the measures 
most heeded to defuse file overall 
risks are seen as concessions rather 
than as the gains they would repre- 
sent for U.S. policy. Sooth Korea’s 
future and regional stability. 

The requirement is a South Kore- 
an “NordpoHrik," comparable to 
West Germany's Ostpofidk of the 
1970s, which opened contacts, 
brought trade, transcended the pro- 
paganda of inevitable enmity. 
Washington did not Eke Bonn’s idea 
at the time, but came to-realize that 
it played a valuable role in ending 
partition peacefully (and indeed in 
undermining the Soviet regime, not 
a factor in Korea.) 

Seoul, so long under military rule 
which benefited from stark confron- 
tation, never tried that approach. 
Now it is a civilian more-or-less de- 
mocracy and should get over its in- 
grained habit of fearing that North- 
ern lies and terrorism can subvert it 
It has all the real strength- ‘ ’ 

If Kim II Sun& with his bizarre 
tnegafomama, wants relations with 
the United States, trade openings, 
even investment as the price of un- 
clear blackmail, Baez insist on it. He 
. might think it will give his regime a 
breathing spelL That’s all right, too. 
It will soften itup so that when the 
inevitable fail comes, it won’t be as 
explosive as it would be now. 

He has been aide to force his own 
way of thin long on Washington, 
bringing a knee-jerk reaction. The 
nuclear ploy is only a part of the 
larger menace that the North Kore- 
an dicta Unship poses, and this 
should be seen. • 

Care most betaken that any war- 
heads it has or may develop are not 
sold to rogue states in other parts of 
the world. For that, the conference 
that Russia is proposing can be most 
useful. But care must also be taken 
not to fall into the trap that Kim II 
Snog is trying to set by exploiting ids 
weakness. Isolation benefits him, 
even as it blinds him; 

- i : © Flora Lewis. 

More on the Mayor’s Mind 
Than a Palermo Wedding 

By Alan Friedman 

P alermo — it was hot in the 

shade as we waited for the may- 
re, late cm a Saturday afternoon. 
The streets of central Palermo were 
virtually deserted, which for some 
reason made everything seem much 
more dusty. The bride wore a white 


pants suit by Valentino and giggled 
nervously when we began to hear the 
sirens blare. The groom was dad in 
elegant black, also Valentino. 

^Here he canes!" shouted a wed- 
ding guest, and three Alfa Romeos 
screeched to a halt Seven body- 
guards in hdmets and bulletproof 
vests leapt out with pistols raised 
Looking slightly overweight. Mayor 
Leofoca Orlando heaved himself out 
and up the marble stairs into city halL, 
A few minutes later the wedding 
began, the bodyguards now posi- 
tioned discreetly outride the may- 


Africa Can Go Forward 

In response to the series by John 
Damon " In Africa, a Mood of Des- 
peration ” (June 20), "Africans See 
Colonialists Bade m New Guise " 
(June 21) and “ Africa’s Move to Po- 
etical Freedom liberates Ethnic Ha- 
tred as WelT* (June 22): 
usually given to Africa, the publica- 
tion of rinse three articles is very 
opportune. Yet the image of Africa 
that emerg es — as the world’s only 
region with dertfrifng real 

rity and widening diseases — is 
alarming. w wi the ques- 

tion is posed: Will anything weak? 

In fact, a great deal is changing in 
Africa, and these changes together 
with the talents and entrep r ene ursh ip 
of Africa's peoples offer grounds for 
more hope for the future 
Recent political changes — multi- 
racial democracy in South Africa 
mid Namibia, the holding of elec- 
tions in Benin, Zambia and other 
countries, greater stability in Mo- 
zambique — tend to be obscured by 
crises elsewhere an the continent, 
but they are encouraging. 

On the economic front, what is 
particularly striking is that so many 
countries m Africa have looked at 
their future and decided to bear the 
enormous costs and burdens of re- 
forms. Given the declines in African 
per capita incomes in the last decade, 
the current willingness to accept fur- 

ther costs of adjustment is a remark- 
ably brave one. The determination of 
these Humiw* deserves an equal 
commitment by external donors. 

The population of Africa is over- 
whdmmgiy rural and the bulk are 
very poor. The greater pan of its 
economy is in the hands of small, 
poor producers — particularly, 
women fanners, who account for 
most of Africa’s food production. 
Coming to grips with Africa’s de- 
velopment problems has to mean 
coming to grips with rural poverty 
and reducing the vulnerability to 
drought and desertification. 

Macroeconomic reforms are pan 
of the answer. But resumption of 
Africa’s development requires more 
♦Kan ad justme nts in «rhang e rales 
and prices. The rfiallengp is to over- 
come the constraints facing Africa's 
smallholder farmers, herders, fisher- 
men, traders and artisans, who rep- 
resent the majority of the popula- 
tions of most countries. This 
requires targeted assistance to these 
groups, in the form of credit, im- 
proved techniques, roads and trans- 
portation, as well as for schools and 
primary health care. 

Such assistance must be designed 
and implemented with the fuD par- 
ticipation of the intended beneficia- 
ries, so that it is relevant to their 
needs and they have a sense of own- 
ership of the projects. Moreover, it 
needs to be an a meaningful scale and 
over a long encugh period so that a 
significan t proportion nf the poor are 
readied. A more vibrant farm econo- 

my could then provide a solid plat- 
form on which a wider process of 
development can be sustained. 

Projects supported by the Inter- 
national Fund for Agricultural De- 
velopment and some others in virtu- 
ally every country in sub-Saharan 
Africa repeatedly have shown that 
when offered opportunities to raise 
productivity, Africans seize them 
eagerly and effectively. 

Thae is by now enough develop- 
ment experience to give confidence 
that well-designed participative ap- 
proaches do work. There are today 
governments, local institutions and, 
above all, the people of Africa, will- 
ing to undertake reform at great cost 
to themselves in order to harness 
their productive abilities. Refuting 
them adequate support now would 
be a deep failure of the international 
community, not only in humanitar- 
ian terms bat in terms of our collec- 
tive well-bang. 

If these problems are not ad- 
dressed now. they will return with 
greater tragedy and emergencies in 
the years to come in ways that will 
leave none of ns untouched. 


International Fund for 
Agricultural Development. 


Leadership for the Asking 

In your June 28 issue, three texts 
dealing with Africa insist on giving a 

better and more appropriate way of 
life to this unfortunate continent. In 
the editorial “A Way to Help Afri- 
ca,” the well-known technique 
called in French "II «> a qu’a ...” 
(“One just has to . . . ") is widely 
used. The key phrase, however, is 
there: “Africans must accept re- 
sponsibility for changing.” 

A letter to the editor from Charles 
Bod well (" Africa : Solutions Do Ex- 
ist'*) does not even mention African 
cooperation — always badly miss- 
ing. A second editorial, “Before the 
Next Rwanda,” suggests that in or- 
der to prevent African conflicts, 
permanent forces and supplies 
should be made ready “before the 
crisis.” Who is ready lo support 
such expenses? The UN Security 
Council doesn’t have a dime. 

The only hope for Africa is the 
prospect of clear-sighted and effi- 
cient leadership from the renovated 
republic of South Africa. Know- 
ledge, strength and modernity are in 
the hands of Pretoria. Is all the 
neighborhood prepared to accept 
fids supreme chance? 


La-Croix-Valmer, France. 

Letters attended for publication 
should be addressed " Letters to the 
Editor" and contain the writer’s sig- 
nature, name and full address. Let- 
ters should be brief and are subject to 
editing. We cannot be responsible for 
the return of unsdbated manuscripts. 

or's guilded and lugb-ceilinged of- 
fice in the 1 5th century Palazzo delie 
Aquile. My friends from Milano, 
Emanucla and Raffaeie, bad always 
admired this firebrand of an anti- 
Mafia politician, and when the)' de- 
rided to get married they asked Mr. 
Orlando if he would preside. 

I bad first met Mayor Orlando in 
(he 1980s, when he rode a wave of 
anti-Mafia revulsion in Palermo, left 
the Christian Democratic party and 
founded his own anti-corruption 
party. La Rele. Over the years, he 
became a national figure, taunting 
the now discredited former Prime 
Ministers Giulio Andreoiti and Bei- 
tino Craxi long before this became 
the fashion in Italian politics. 

Like Judge Giovanni Falcone, the 
anti-Mafia judge who challenged 
the Cosa Nostra in the courts and 
was murdered two years ago as a 
result, Mr. Orlando became a Mafia 
target. Lately, he and his neophyte 
followers may have focused too 
much on the anti-Mafia theme; they 
have been very nearly swept away 
by the tidal wave of ah even greater 
political novice, Silvio Berlusconi 
and his Forza Italia. 

Now, as 1 watched my friends 
exchange rings, I noticed that the 
mayor looked tired. His hair was too 
long and unkempt, his gray suit was 
rumpled and he had heavy bags un- 
der his eyes. Being an anti-Mafia 
hero is obviously hard work. 

When the wedding was over, he 
asked me to stay be bund for a chat I 
watched my friends file out, beading 
off to a banquet at a magnificent 
seaside restaurant in the village of 
Monddlo, just west of Palermo. The 
mayor said not to worry, he would 
get me to the wedding party on time. 

We went off to have a coffee to- 
gether, and the mayor talked about 
the hard times he was having in 
Italian politics. I listened carefully 
and suggested he at least try to take 
better care of himself. 

I learned from one of his body- 
guards chat it wasn't just the rough 
and tumble of Sicilian politics that 
was bothering the mayor. The night 
before, a group of his top aides had 
strciUed out of a meeting to find their 
cars doused with gasoline. “It was 
just a Mafia warning,” said one of the 
bodyguards, pausing to spit. “It 
means next time for real.” 

Thirty minutes later, as the body- 
guard gave me a lift in one of the 
Alfas and we sped across the dry on 
our way to dinner, I thought about 
the wedding in Palermo. For me it 
was a weekend of fun and adven- 
ture. For the mayor it was all a bit 
more real. Quite a bit more. 

International Herald Tribune. 



V ’V :• 

Europe’s No. 1 

telecommunications company is 
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The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) needs access to western 
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£ din 287 si * And it’s on this international, east-west stage that Telekom is 
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Fa* Itjn352 * 38532 to create a satellite-supported communications network in the 
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"-s Jssv s western telephone network. 

SrJwSsesi 10 g u t there’s no need to wait until then Telekom can already 
ini 2 nil ^ offer companies a superfast data highway to even the remotest 
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SSWI Via Intelsat and the Russian Intersputnik system, we keep you 

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AIDS Mystery Re-emerges: Did Dentist Infect 6 Patients? , 

By Lawrence K. Al tman 

New York Tuna Service 

EW YORK — Controversy over 
an investigation that linked 
transmission of the AIDS virus 
from an infected Florida dentist 
to six of his patients has flared up a gain 
Recently, there were suggestions that the 
infections occurred outside the office of 
the dentist. Dr. David J. Acer of Stuart, 
near Palm Beach, and that he was not 
responsible for any of them. 

These critics contend that the six pa- 
tients probably became infected with HIV, 
The AIDS virus, through risks that epide- 
miologists from the Federal Centers for 
Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta 
and the Florida Health Department failed 

to identify or overlooked. 

1 The critics also contend that each of the 

six patients, who ranged from teenagers to 

people in their 60s, had risk factors that the 
centers had ignored and that each indepen- 
dently picked up the same strain of HIV 
from others in the community. All just 
happened to have gone to Dr. Acer, critics 
say. But the contentions are far from per- 
suasive in countering the centers' conclu- 
sion, which was based on epidemiological, 
laboratory and statistical findings. 

Dr. Harold W. Jaffe, an AIDS epidemi- . 
ologjsi who beaded the investigation for 
the centers, said his agency knew about the 
patients' reported risk factors and invest*- 1 
gated them. He said the critics offered no 
evidence to contradict the centers' conclu- 
sions that Dr. Acer had passed the virus to 
the six patients. Nevertheless, bow the 
dentist passed it remains one of the biggest 
mysteries in the annals of epidemiology. 

Many of the details have emerged from 
news reports and depositions by those in- 
volved in lawsuits against insurance com- 

panies. Dr, Jaffe said the disease centers 
knew about most of these details and chose 
not to report them, in the interest of pro- 
tecting patient confidentiality, because 
they considered them irrelevant 

Dr. Jaffe said the suggestion that the 
infections were acquired m the community 
ran counter to the evidence epidemiolo- 
gists had collected. Further, if it eventually 
turns out that the patients did indepen- 
dently pick up the same strain erf the virus. 
Dr. Jaffe said, it would be the first time 
that such a duster had bear identified 
among indivi duals wbo had no apparent 
relationship with each other. 

So far no proof exists to support this 
suggestion. What it wrnild take, he said, is 
finding sexual partners of the six individuals 
who woe also infected with the same strain. 

The critics say that if the same strain is 
found in other people in the community, 
then Dr. Acer would not necessarily be 

responsible for infecting the six patients. 
Dr. Jaffe disputes this. “In making a case 
for transmission in the dental practice, we 
needed to show that the dentist’s viral 
-strain was more common among patients- 
in his practice than among people in the^ 

" hi the investigation, about half of Dr. 
Acer’s- estimated .2,000 patients volun- 
teered to have HIV tests. Tea were found 
to be infected, through the tests or through 

Dr. A« 

community, not that they were the only,; 
in.” he said. 

people with that strain. 

Controversy over the Acer duster began 

The patients denied having s« with 
- Acer and rape was ruled out because 
nofoehadhad general anesthcsialnvcstiga- 
tors did not find the partner who presum- 

case registries. Fourhad wdWroun^tcd ab S^ CCte( i^c^^hc Dt'ajxt case is 

corred,” Dr. Jaffe said. “In some people’s 
minds that is equivalent to saying .that 
transmission did not occur, but we don t 


risks for infection.. The other sax had no 
confirmed exposure to HTV. Further anal-, 

VMB rtf fltik nair VHlC TlflP-f 

of the sequences; which . was 

that Khnheriy Bcrgatis had apparently been- 

infected by him. An investigation eventually 
identified five other patients who, results of 
genetic tests of the virus showed, had be- 
come infected with nearly identical strains . 
over a period of about 18 months. 

The tests detect the sequence of the pieces 
of DNA in HIV that code for the virus’s 
outer sbefl, or envelope. By analyzing the 
sequences, scientists can compare patterns 
and group them. The tests are labor-inten- 
sive, usually taking more than a month. 

at the Los Alamos National 

oratory in New Mesdco; showed these six 

had gfnrilar gf raww mid fnfrTirmr others had 

entirely different strains. 

The finding pointed to Dr. Acer's prac- 
tice. But such tests cannot tdl who infected 
whom, nor how Dr. Acer might have trans- 
mitted the virus. Such evidence conacs from 
interviews and other features of an epidemi- 
ological investigation. Explanations have 
ranged widely, from Dr. Acer nidring a 
finger and allowing a little of his blood to 
flow into a dental wound in a patient's 
mouth, to murder. But pone could be 

agree. ... • . 

Dr. Jaffe has admowtedgedgaps in the 
investigation. Dr. Acer was interviewed 
only once, agreeing then to rive a blood, 
sample for the genetic teste. The next day 
he hired a lawyer, who did not aHow an- 
other interview. Dr. Acer dosedfos office 

in August 1989 and died of AIDS a year 

appointment books and many 
it records, which would h ave be en 
il in the investigation, were destroyed 
when he dosed bis practice. 

New Treatments for Spine 

By Jane E. Brody 

New York Tima Service 

EW YORK — The assumption that 
severe spinal cord Injuries cause perma- 
nent, incurable paralysis is being chal- 
lenged by studies suggesting that some 
"’"dead” nave cells can revive or regenerate. 

' The findings open the possibility that doctors 
may one day Ire able to reverse part or all of the 
crippling caused by accidents that crush or sever 
the spinal cord. Most of the studies, conducted in 
animals, involve the transplantation of nerve 
cells from fetal spinal cords. Nerve growth stim- 
ulants are already being used 

cervical 3, patients can use their biceps, enabling 
them to feed themselves with special equipment 
Patients injured at cervical 6 are able to bather 
themselves, drive and prepare simple meals. 

Although paralysis occurs immediately when 
the spinal cord is severely injured, much of the 
lent damage to nerve tissue takes place 

; the first four to six hours after the injury. 

at the 

m people who 

fer spinal injuries, when gjv- q£ (Jjq 

ea soon after the injury occurs, ... i — . 

the treatments seem to promote studlCS in animals plantation of fetal nerve ti 
growth of nerve fibers, only a.- . 5 7 ? 7 fill in the gap in the spiru 

gtuwut vi imtii uwan, viuj a # • ** 

-small percentage of which are UlVOlVG HGrVG“CGll 
-needed to produce significant . 

-functional gains. And steroids tr&IlSplcffl lS. 

anew being used routinely wi thin 

■hours of the accident can limi t 

ition is impaired and hemorrhages 
site further disrupt the oxygen supply, causing 
surrounding nerve cells to die. Swelling and scar 
tissue complicate matters, spreading the damage 
up and down the cord. 

Timely treatment with steroids and other 
drugs can limit the severity of the injury and the 
extent of paralysis and loss of 
sensation. But the most exciting 
developments are still highly ex- 
perimental involving the trans- 
tissue to 

the gap in the spinal cord 

Know the water’s depth 
A minimum depth of 10 feet is 
recommended for adults. 

■ In a pool determine where the 
bottom slopes near waOs and 
toward the shallow end. 

■ in a natural body of 
water, wade in first to 
check for rocks, tree 
limbs or other 

Have an audience 

-the extent of damage to the spinal cord and often 
enable patients to regain at least some of the 
-Junctions lost. 

e Even after initial recoveiy, surgery to reduce 
pressure on the spinal cord or to remove cysts, 
which often form as a result of the injury, some- 
times results in life- enhancing improvements, 
•Uke the ability to get in and out of a wheelchair 
mnaided or even to walk with special aids. 

1 After the football player Dennis Byrd of the 
New York Jets was hjured in 1992, he was 
-treated with Sygen, an experimental drug that 
Ihelps repair spmal cord nerves, and steroids. 
-Altnougn initially he could not move his legs or 
farms, he can now walk. 

The spinal cord, Ihe brain's Imk to the rest of 
.the body, is like a telephone trunk line with 31 
pairs of individual lines extending from it to 
-transmit messages from the brain to the rest of 
;the body and to send sensory sgnals from organs 

or bypass the injury site. Many 
rats and some cats given fetal 
tissue implants following spinal 
cord injuries showed si gnifican t 
return of function. However, re- 
searchers say it will be at least a decade before 
such measures are tried in patients. 

Meanwhile, at spinal treatment centers around 
the country, doctors and rehabilitation therapists 
are helping people with spinal cord injuries make 
the most of the functions that are intact and cope 
better with those that are not 

Dr. Barth Green, who directs the Miami Pro- 
ject, which he describes as the world's largest 
spinal cord research center, said, “Our long-term 
goal is to, reconnect the spinal cord, but our 
short-term goal is to improve the quality of life of 
spinal-injured people." 

At his and other centers, patients get help with 
such common problems as pain control, pressure 
sores, spasms, bladder function, sexuality and 
reproduction. The techniques used include sur- 
gery, bfcfeedback and computerized neuromus- 
cular electrical s timulati on. 

Perhaps most challen gi n g of all are the psy- 


Notional Swimming 
Pool Foundation; 
National Spinal Cont Injury 
Research Data Center 

for corrpetitive diving, don’t 
attempt difficult dives. Newer dive 
into any above-ground pool or 
from a ladder or rooftop into a 
residential pool. 

NEVER dive when 
you have .teen 
drinking; nearly half 
of afl diving-accident 
victims ted been 
drinking beforehand. 

. .14* 

:* 1 

The New York Times 

Paralysis: A High Price to Pay in Diving Accidents 

.and tissues along the lines bock to the b rain. 

-When the cord is severely injured or severed, chdcgical adjustments required after a spinal 
communication to and from all points beneath cord injury. In a recent review of the problem in 
-the injury site is cut off, resulting in paralysis and The New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. John 
F. Ditunno Jr. and Dr. Christopher S. Formal of 

loss of feeling. 

Tbe extent of crippling effects depends upon 
where the disruption occurs, with injuries higher 
jup on the spine the most severe. Injuries to the 
'cervical spine, in the neck, like those that occur 
Jin diving accidents, cause the greatest 

For example, people who have injured the 
cord at cervical vertebrae 2 through 4 have no 
ability to move their upper and lower extrem- 
ities, although there is some remaining control of 
1 neck muscles. In addition, those with cervical 2 
; injuries require breathing assistance, 
r But if the injury occurs one vertebra lower, at 

Philadelphia noted that the majority of people 

with spinal injuries “still rate their quality of 
as ‘good’ or ‘excellent.’,' 

Still, they added, the divorce rate is high 
during the first years after the injury, half of the 

New York Timet Service 

EW YORK — On March 28, 
Thomas Rezza, a collegiate 
swimmer from Massachusetts 
who was on his spring break in 
Key West, Florida, dived from a motel 
pier into tbe murky, shallow waters of 
the Atlantic Ocean and broke his neck. 
He was paralyzed from the neck down 
and suffered severe brain damage 
Eight years earlier, Aaron Stromholt, 
17, of Key West also became a quadri- 
plegic after diving from that pier, winch 
extends 300 feet (about 90 meters) from 

patients who were working before the accident 
never return to work and suicide is more fre- 
quent, especially among those who remain un- 
employed and socially isolated after tbe injury. 
Psychosocial and occupational therapy can be 
as important as physical rehabilitation in im- 
proving the lives of people with spinal cord 

the fooretiite, prompting some people to 
ater below despite signs 

expect deep water 
prodrtiming “No Diving, Shallow Wa- 

Two years before Mr. Strorohoit’s ac- 
cident, Robin Schhnmd, a high school 
senior and football hero, met with the 
same fate off the same pier, and two 
years before that accident, another 
young man had a similar one. 

There are many pins and docks ex- 
tending over shallow waters, and trage- 
dies occur hundreds of times a year in 
pobls and natural bodies of water, most- 
ly involving male teenagers. 

In May 1992, two brothers in their 
mid~20s, John and Virgfl Brown of New 
York, dived into water that was five- 
feet-deep from a crowded pier on Coney 
Island, struck their heads on the seabed 
and suffered paralyzing neck injuries. 

Stanley M. Rosenblatt, a Miami law- 
yer who won a $4.2 iniUion personal 
injury award for Mr. Stromhou, asked, 
“How many young people must become' 
quadriplqjpcs from diving accidents be- 
fore meaningful action is taken to pre- 
vent such tragedies?” 

Mr. Stromholt’s doctor, Barth Green, 
who heads die spinal cord unit at Jack- 
son Memorial Hospital in Miami and 
the Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, has 
found that most diving victims had no 

idea that they could be so seventy in- 
jured by diving into shallow water. 

“Unfortunately," Mr. Rosenblatt 
raid, “diving victims receive their educa- 
tion in spinal cord units throughout this 
country.” Mr. Rosenblatt, Dr. Green 
and Mr. Stromhoit, who despite his re- 
vere injury has since graduated from 
Florida State University and is now 
seeking to attend law school, want to get 
the vrardout to hdpother young people 
avoid a similar fate. 

lated dive. One study of diving accidents 
found that most victims had had little or ' 
no diving training and more than half 
had been drinking alcohol 

There arc now more' than 200,000 

Americans maimed by spinal cord irnu- 


lies and the number increases anni 

Forty-five percent result from motor ve- 
lridc accidents. 22 percent from falls, 16 
percent from acts of violence and the 
remainde r from sports injuries. 


Drying accidents usually result in se- 
vere irguries; more than 90 percent of 
victims who hit their heads on the bot- 
tom become quadriplegic, unable to 
control the use of much of any part of 
the braty below the neck. But diving is 
only one cause of paralyzing spinal cord 

Of the 10,000 such irguries -in the . 
United States that occur each year, only 
10 percent were' the result of a nriscalcn - 

- In addition to diving, which accounts 
for two-thirds of sports-related spinal 
injurirs, other summer sports that can 
result in irreversible spinal cord damage 
include surfing, roller- skating- in -line 
skating, skatdxwrding, bicytimg, rock 
climbing and.motorcyding. Eighty-two 
percent of victims are male, and three 
1 out of five are 16 to arid 30. ‘‘ 



Jane E. Brody 



l_ . By Alan Truscott 

T EAMS headed by Richard 
Schwartz and Michael Ko- 
pera clashed in the final of the 
prestigious Reisinger Knockout 
Team Championship. 

. In semifinal play, the 
Schwartz team, a foursome in- 
cluding Peter Weichsel Sam 
Lev and Michael Polowan, won 
by 50 imps against a group led 
by Bruce Rogoff. Kopera, 
Whose team consists of Michael 



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2 N.T. Pass 8 N.T. 

.Pass Pass 

■ West led tbe bean Jack. 

Radio, Kitty Munson, John 
Rengstorff, Jared Lili eastern 
and Glenn Mil gri m, defeated 
Edgar Kaplan and his team by 
22 imps. 

The diagramed deal contrib- 
uted nearly all the winning mar- 
gin for the Kopera team in the 
semifinal. With the North- 
South cards, LUieastem and 
Milgrim readied six no-trump, 
the best contract, by a rapid 
route. North’s two-heart bid 
showed four controls, and he 
raised directly to six no-trump 
when his partner showed a bal- 
anced minimum for his strong 
two-dub opening. 

The play turned out to be 
easy because a marked finesse 
of the spade jack was available 
after the ace and king were 
played. Notice that if North 
had not held the dub jack, the 
right contract would lave been 
six diamonds since the niff 
would be needed for the 12 
trick. That slam was reached in 
the dosed room, and failed 
when the declarer played for a 
normal diamond division. The 
Kopera team gained 17 imps en 
route to victory. 

THE AGENDA: Inside the 
Clinton White House 

By Bob Woodward. Illustrated. 
352 pages. $24. Simon A Schus- 

Reviewed by 
Andrew Sullivan 

Paster [Howard Paster, Clin- 
ton’s congressional liaison] 
mentioned something about 
how they were going to move on 
to health care. ‘No, no, no,’ 
Kerrey said loudly and dismis- 
srvdy, T don’t mean legislative 
f. I mean, what’s this 
aboutT ” 


B ill Clinton’s train 

wreck of an economic plan 
is headed for a roll call in the 
Senate, and three White House 
missionaries are in hot pursuit of 
Senator Bob Kerrey, whose vote 
could pull the bill through. A 
rendezvous arranged, the per- 
suaders arrive at the American 
Caffe in Union Station in Wash- 
ington, only to find they are at 
the wrong American Caffe. They 
lurch off again, down Massachu- 
setts Avenue, and finally meet 
iqj with the elusive senator at the 
right American Caffe. 

In one of the piquant mo- 
ments that make “The Agen- 
da,” Bob Woodward’s account 
of the Clinton administration, 
such a compulsive, Grisham- 
like read, “Kerrey asked what 
was next for the White House. 

It’s page 289, and we still' 
don’t know. After listening to' 
the senator from Nebraska’s 
subsequent demolition of the 
Clinton presidency, the presi- 
dent’s men simply parrot back- 
dial their boss agrees with ev- 
erything Senator Kerrey says. 
At this point in the book, this is 
,a credible statement. At this 
point in the book, Clinton 
seems to agree with everything 
anybody rays. 

The book contains no major 
surprises and, like Woodward’s 
previous books, is animated by 
no coherent analysis and no 
guiding idea. But that doesn’t 
make it any the less worthwhile 
as adumbrated, reliable gossip. 

Some commentators have 
read the book as showing Gin-' 
ton as indecisive; in fact, he 

• Cabin MacKeron, librarian 
at the American zmlitaiy library 
in Berlin, is reading Raul Hit- 

1»«>. “ z> - rx- . - 

berg’s “ Perpetrators, Victims, 
Bystanders : The Jewish Catos - 
tophe 1933-1945 ” 

- “This is a sober, if not ironic 
view of the Holocaust and is 
wrath many Spielbergs. It is an 
excellent piece of scholarship 
that goes deeper than the origi- 
nal ‘Schindler's Art’ ” 

(Michael Kallenbach, IHT) 






makes decisions throughout, 
sometimes belatedly, often with 
great difficulty, but always 
eventually. He makes complex . 
calls on the economic plan, 
even down to tine-item budget 
matter *. He makes health care a 
, priority, and takes a stand on' 
the trade agreement He is also 
not merely, the passive recepta- 
.de of his advisors’ agendas. It’s 
dear from die book that Gin-, 
ton is admirably adept at listen- 
ing to a range of people and 
voices,- weighing arguments. 

measuring responses.- This is 
not foe same as weakness (in 
many ways, it’s a strength). 

No, the problem with Clin- 
ton is not a practical one — he’s 
not alone in being an executive 
.who prefers a mixture of advice 
and rakes his time to come to a 
decision. The problem is an in- 
tdlectual one. 

In this bode as in the daily 
newspaper, Clinton is not sim- 
ply, as Woodward has Alan 
Greenspan, the chairman of the 
Federal Reserve, delicately put- ! 

ting it, “an intellectual pragma- 
tistr He seems to live intellec- 
tually in a world where there are 
simply no contradictions; 
-where nothing comes at foe ex- 
pense of; anything - dse; where 
traditional big-spending liber- 
ation is compatible with defidt- 
cutting rieotiberatism; where 
welfare- reform never actually 
hurts people. 

This is ntt a question of cyni- 
cism. Bill CSnton is no George 
'Bush: He has not ceded every- 
thing to pojtitical expediency. 
And it’s not a question of prag- 
matically splitting differences. 

has to do. With Bob Wood- 
ward’s Bill Qmton, it’s a ques- 
tion of not bdieving there are 
differences to split. 

This is not an account of the 
Ointon administration as a 
whole. Woodward shares with 
Canton an obsession with eco- 
nomic policy -that bfinds them 
to foe political context in which 

economic policy must always be 

made. There nothing, fra ex- 
ample, about Bosnia in Wood- 
ward’s account, and virtually 

nothing about a defining; head- 
ache of the first few months of 
the administration, the battle 
over homosexuals in the mili- 

But Woodward’s failings are 
made up for by foe pic a sing ly 
breathless style in which the 
stray is told. And with this ad- 
ministration, Woodward’s 
deeper flaws — - that he-has no 
ideas to speak of, shows little 
sense of history and is uzrable to 
relate a narrative -to a larger 
argument — are.steangetyfit- 
tmg.Wifo Woodward and Clin- 
ton, the journalism of merepro- 
cess has met the politics of mere 
process. Woodward has finally 
round the president he deserves. 


Excerpted from a review that 
Sullivan, the editor of 

Andrew ^ 

The New Republic, wrote fcr Tke 
New York Times. 

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155-6133 . 

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173-1877 ' 

CC9-I. O* B* Cvmw* r r fOm’l” 41. i 

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tod butte* naif I* Wo* ihal tC* lA-afaMrtH 

New - BylcjQi-ic: A 

•-'5 ^ -s 


International Herald Tribune World Stock- Index composed of 
2S0 internationally Investable stocks from 25 cotmlrlas, compuea 
by EHoomberg Business New& Jan, t, 1992 » 100. 
i?n ' I — : — ^ 

* * t- j . 

”* * , * L Sr, 

Fed Watch 



No Bate Moves 
Are Announced 


Approx, weighting: 32% 
Close: 13SL35 P»w- 13342 

Approx, weighting: 37% 
OOGK 1 10J3 P «Bf- 111-4S8 

North America 

Appro. weJghJtag:2fi% 

Latin America 

1S48 PiW- 109.19 


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T he Mbx m ete U S. cfi. . 

sg^S5-,'fa£s^s jss. «*»«. 

olhonrlsa ffw tan top "odes an tracked 

Industrial Sectors 

Wfd pm 



Energy 108.15 107S7 +6.17 c *P MGoodl ... 

assr-Tia® „&» *« **■“£ — J auK ' , °7 

Ftona 116.79 117-03 5* g-- 8 —' W.17^. 

sinM 11555 ikSmST *<**«» '»■« 

mnun I ^ — — 

- fit i i i ii n n tl r— * THbj^- 

interhatiohai. manager 


NEW YORK — The dollar 
rebounded from a 14-monm 
Ipw against the Deutsche mark 
Wednesday amid speculation 
that the U3. Federal Reserve 
Board may have voted to raise 
interest rales. 

TheFed’s Open Maket Com- 
mittee ended its two-day meet- 
ing Wednesday without an- 


Fed does not publicize its deci- 
sions immediately, and trades 

said the Fed had not necessarily 

ruled out using higher rates to 
defend the dollar. 

“People still think there 
might be an interest-rate hike in 
the cards,” said David Duist, a 
trader at Bear Steams & Co. 
“Just because the Fed dido t act 
today doesn’t mean they can’t 
announce a rate increase later 

this week.” . 

Higher rates could buoy the 
rtrdlar by making U A deposits 
more attractive. , „ 

The dollar dosed at 1.5779 
DM on Wednesday, up from a 
low of 1.5658 DM during the 
session but down from a dose 
at 1.5803 DM on Tuesday. 

The dollar dosed at 98^0 yen 

after trading as low as 97.84 
yen. It had dosed at 98.925 yen 
on Tuesday. , _ . 

The dollar plunged early m 
the day after Germany’s eco- 
nomics minister, Gflnter Rex- 
rodt, said efforts to support the 
gapping currency were sure to 
fa*?! “Germany's position, that 
intervention a gains t a market 
can’t succeed, has been prov- 
en” Mr. Rexrodt was quoted in 

the daily Sflddeutsche Zeitimg 

as saying, _ . , _ 

IBs comments fueled con- 
cern that leaders from the 
Group of Setven industrialized 
countries would not take steps 

to shore up the dollar when they 

Sec DOLLAR, Page I® 

Alumina Units to Merge 

Western Mining and Alcoa S^eDeal^ 

Aluminum Co. of America holder wfl! have *e ^nghtw^ 

SSfrtooaegJobd^^ pos^lon&t™ 

assets of about $5 billion. C0 **i§t5c’s overall equity in producing ah^ 

AmSS.'SCjgSf ■ 

iTa^iite powdery ondc of alunu- — — — 

SST There are very few deals 
you could do which wonld 
offer you the opportunity to 
invest in assets of this 


agjng director of Western Mining- . JBWere&Co. ' 

Dhder the deal, Alcoa will wofve SIM 

Lufthansa Posts 
Its First Profit 
In Five Years 

million in cash for wonung Russell Skirrow, a mining analyst at j® 

increase its interest mAfc °ao _ __ Western Wee & Co„ an Australian brokerage con- 
of the world’s lowest-^stpr^u^^ “There are very few deals you could do 

^ would offer you *e oppor^ty to 

?" iS^Lnt nf alumina to 3.9 nulhon 

3.9 nrinion 

TySr from 3 minion ions. 
Western Mining will transfer a 9 

Bgataea saesgs 


Australia is aurally 51 paean 
Alcoa AO vutrr+rn owned bv 

„wned by Alcoa r 

Western Mining. 

To finance the acHuiaauw. «•— — -- A . - 

announced a l-for-8 rights issue at 5.80 Aus- 

rf. m. -mere are very few deals you — - — - 
S£di would offer you the opportunity to 
invest in assets of this quality. 

Mr. Skirrow said the move appeared to fit 
both companies’ objectives, with 
centratingon metal production and fabnra 
Sm and Western Mining ^ 

more with the tq»tream activiues of bauxite 
mining and alumina refining „u_- 

Hydrated alumina is used with other chem- 
icabforwater-softening purposes ajdis X- 
_i__- nKsvcnhiites. m deteraents. 

by ^of Australia is currafly Slpora. 

owradby Alcoa and 48.25 paeon owned by Mgh-rararsfflie 

Western Mining. ... furnace linings and cements and as a filler in 

TofinarK*theacqumu^We^mJ^^ SS^d^nt- 

announced a l-for-8 rights is roe at 5^0 aus- yu* r— 

Salomon Sees 2d-Period Loss 

^ folio of mortgage-bad 

NEW YORK — Salomon 
Inc. said Wednesday it expect- 
ed to report an after-tax loss of 
$200 tmBion for the second 
quarter because of declining re- 
sults at its securities division. 
The unit, like other brokerage 
firms, was hit hard by the 
plunge in bonds and stocks dur- 
mgthe quarter. 

Salomon’s stock price 
>ned sharply on the news 
Sn down $1-625 to 

$45,875 in late trading on the 
New York Stock Exchange. 

In last year’s second quarter, 
Salomon earned $433 million, 
or $3.75 a share, on revenue of 
$13 billion. 

The firm also had losses 
money in the first Mid third 

quarters of 1993. It had a rw>rd 

profit of $827 millUm, or $734 
£ share, for all of 1993, before 
accounting changes. 

Salomon is the second major 
Wall Street firm to project a 
large second-quarter loss. Last 
month General Ekcttw Co. 

-said its Kidder, Peabody * Go > 
unit would report 
loss of as much as $30 nrilhon 
because of troubles in its port- 

folio of mortgage-backed 

b°Salomon said its loss resulted 
mainly from securities trades 
for clients at its Salomon Broth- 
ers brokerage. But 1“®*® 
were recorded in securities trad- 
ing for Salomon’s own account. 

The company said the value 
of Salomon’s inventory of secu- 
rities, particularly bonds, 
dropped sharply because of this 
yearttumblmg financial mar- 

' But the second-quarter loss 
was partly offset by positive re- 
sults at Salomon’s Phibro mut 
which trades in commodities, 
the company said. 

(AP. Bloomberg) 

CffT ,W hy Oar Staff From Dispoiciia 

BERLIN — Lufthansa AG 
on Wednesday reported its 
orofit in five years, putting the 
German government, its major- 
ity owner, in a firm posiuon to 
sdl its stake in the airline. 

The airline, which has been 
plagued in recent years by ns- 
ingwages, shrinking markets 
Si strict government conuols, 
said it bad a pretax profit oflOO 
million Deutsche marks ($63 
million) for the first half as it 
reaped the benefits erf extensive 
co5icuts and surging European 
demand for air traveL In the 
first half of 1993, it had a loss of 
221 million DM. 

“Lufthansa is the No. 1 turn- 
around story in the airline in- 
dustry,” said JOrgen Weber, ns 
chief executive, at the share- 
holder meeting. . . 

Mr. Weber said the airlme 
was likely to post a profit for 
the year and might even pay a 
dividend. The last payout on 
ordinary shares was made in 

“We’re slicing about a total- 
ly new airline,” said Hans Hart- 
mann, an airline analyst wth 
Dresdner International Re- 
search Institute GmbH in 
Frankfurt. , 

Last year Lufthansa trimmed 
its work force by 8.1 percent, or 
4 000 employees, and won con- 
cessions from the remaining 
employees bunting wage and 
benefit increases. A nirther 
1,000 jobs were cut in the tirst 
quarter of this year. 

Analysts said that the air- 
line’s number of lucrative busi- 
ness customers has begun to 
rise as the German economy 
has picked up and that alli ances 
with global carriers such as 
United Airlines and Vang Bra- 
zilian Airlines had positioned 
Lufthansa for further growth. 

Analysts also estimated that 
a sale of new shares in associa- 
tion with Lufthansa’s privatiza- 
tion may provide it with 2 bu- 
Hon DM m capital that could 
set the stage for expansion. 

“They are really ready to be- 
come a global player,” said An- 
dreas Wahl, an airlme analyst 

with Hoare Govett Ltd. in Lon- 
don. “That means they’ll have 
The chance to establish prom 

centers.” .. , ■ 

t HfiWa had been widely 

viewed as an efficient leader in 
global air freight with a strong 
domestic presence, but its con- 
trol by the company by the Oer- 

man government unnerved 
some investors. 

That is expected to change 
soon, however, as the 
ment intends to cut its holding 
of 51.4 percent to about 35 per- 
cent. The government has not 
vet said when it intends to scu 

its shares. - 

The airline said the new 
shares were likely to be sold to 
current holders on the bass of 
one new share for every fo*» 
shares. ( Bloomberg, Renters) 

EU Allows 
State Aid 

Bloomberg Bwtuuss Sms 

BRUSSELS — The Europe- 
an Commission said Wednes- 
day it would permit the Portu- 
guese government to provide its 
flag carrier, TAP Air Portugal 
SA, with a rescue package val- 
ued at $1 bfflion. 

Cl earance was given on tne 
condition that the aid package 
be the last to the Portuguese 

airline. , 

The derision was the first ot 
three rulings expected by Euro- 
pean Union’s executive body on 
the subject of government aid 
to ailing European earners. 

Air France is awaiting per- 
mission to receive a package of 
20 billion French francs ($4 bil- 
Uon) of aid from the French 

The rescue plan for TAP, 
agreed by the government in 
January, includes a capital in- 
jection over several years plus 
loan guarantees and tax breaks. 
The capital will be paid in four 

By Milt Freudenhejm 

New York Sernce 

• EW YORK — Bioggjnc. 

one of the few biotochnolc®r 

mica that make money, 

, ™»^kiKwbytheendOT the 

summer whether it is ready top^ mro 

m^ational drug mamrfrctorec, with 
substantially larger earning^ . .... 

The company, based in Cambndg _ 
Massachusetts, already Wjjjg 

(Sdrugs and vaccines, which it d^_ 


otha big rapey^ pm°^.J^g a g, th 
°P a ^ J ,^ ^.fSn .^fSeady. and 

srsSwi ctora “ d 

racing to seek 

SMgjsrjgs' - 

days ’ b! iSS^^toSL^« en,s ch sr 

Tuary ' company intends to fin- 

man, said. fourlh quarter, 

ish testing Hirmog _ ^ ;<1 10Q 4 should 
Wall Street an 

Transform Biogen 

..wraid iItuc- Betaseron, madt 

be the most important year m Biogens 

16 2™ of the ^ Pro?"*? 

is ddaved, Kogen will still be profitable, 

rides analyst with Hambrecht & Qu^t- 
Bui if the ^t res ults aw he said, 

“the stock wfll effei^vriy 

Rincen sto ck , whidi was trading at 
$^^123 cents, late Wednesday, has 

The co mpany is racing 
to neek federal approval 
foTtwo promising 

sclerosis drug, Betaseron, made by 

Neither product is a cure formultiple 
sclerosis, but the demand is intense for 
that cases the intemittent on- 
shigSsof the disease, which «t»dss dm 
protective sheath around 
brain ceils, bitting particularly hard ^j 
theh30s. Analysts said that 
Chiron was having trouble keeping up 
with orders. 

Biogen hopes that its tests will show 

Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, an is- 
radi- American oompany^is also 
multiple sclerosis drug. 
tally different approach. An^^ts say 
COP-1 may be submitted to the FDA m 

Even in a three-way battle, the prod- 
ucts are expected to be«d 
Ratfg an analyst with Gruntal & COn 
^lAKgl rMtVet sexv- 

EU To Investigate Aid 
To German Steel Firms 

_ . . . .. r 

Sble iop in royalty revemwMwen 

a used treatment for hepanos B 

and C. Alpha interferon is matte oy MIC , - 

Schaing^^J 1 unda license from Bio- raA« *rv 

the Japanese price cut by sgJ^lS throe products would probably have dif 
mcx^Sg the volume of woddwide^ ferent side effects, 
of its alpha interferon product. Intrant- A M m in» Biosen hones that its 
Biogen hopes to apply early oat; year 
and Drue Administration ap- 

^idtihe FDA wonld probably move 

said me run ~ 

^uwently approved a related multiple 

As for Hirulog, Biogen hopes *atite 
drug would be a swifter, more (^ecove 
alternative to heparin, a widdy used 
anti-dotting drug made b^bb^ Lab- 
oratories. It expects to seek FDA ap- 
proval for lErulog m 1995. 


twyst" >7 * 

BRUSSELS — European 
Union authorities Wednesday 
stepped up their offensive 
against subsidies to steel pro- 
ducers, starting inquiries into 
state aid to Eastern Germany s 
Eko Stahl GmbH and a private 
company, Neue Hamburger 
Stahlwezke GmbH. . . 

The European Commission 
'said loans and loan guarantees 
provided to EKO Stahl by the 
Goman Treuhandansialt pri- 
vatization agency could consu- 
late subsidies under EU steel 
rules. The Treuhand is the agen- 
cy that manages assets of the 
former East German state. 

The EU wants to expose ex- 
amples of illegal state aid as 
ppri nf its plan to cut excess EU 
capacity, which is estimat- 
ed at 30 million metric tons. 

An earlier plan for I tal ia n 
steel group Riva Prodotti Sider- 
utrira SpA to take oyer EKO 
Stahl moke down in Apnl 
^inre then, the Tre uhand a n sialt 
has provided loans in May and 
June of at least 15.6 million 
Deutsche *w»ks ($10 million) 
to EKO StahL 

It also provided a full guar- 
antee of 149 million DM in 
tmms extended by the recon- 
struction bank Kredietanstalt 
fur Wiederaufbau to fcKU 

StahL . . , 

“The (xanmission has mvitea 

the federal government to fur- 
nish it with information con- 
cerning the financing of txo 
Stahl by the Treuhandansialt, 

the EU’s executive arm said. 

Until the end of 1993, the 
Treuhand supplied Eko Stahl 
with loans amounting to J 
million DM at an annual rate ot 
6.1 percent, according to me 

commission. . . 

And in April, the eommisno; 
approved 813 milh? n J 5 ™ 
worth of aid from the Treuhand 
to Eko Stahl, in the framework 
of the planned privatization or 
the company. But that was be- 
fore Riva pulled out. 

“It’s an encouraging aeveiop- 

. n a mnlr«smail for 

Sanyo Kletnwort Spain Fund 
Management SA. 

Socifite Anonynoe 
Luxembourg, 1 1 . rue _‘^*^ii^ ri 
R.C. Luxembourg n B2/«- 

m Boani 


on L rtxc^d on I ju?y , 7, ^994 agMns^suiTcndenof coupon N° 6. 
The shares will be quoted ex-dividend as from July 7. 1994. 

By order of the Board of Directors 

ment," said a spokesman for 
British Steel PLC, 
pressed surprise that the com- 
mission didn’t move earlier. 
“Effectively, the subsidy has 
continued —what this amounts 
to is continuing operational 

SU ^teGerman steel producers’ 
association has alrgdy caUed 
for a solution to Eko Stahl s 
problems that does not make it 
dependent on subsidies m the 

long term. (Bloomberg, AP) 

fast col 

06 022 5158 

European Multi Index Fund 



R.C. Luxembourg N B33/W 

Notice to the Shareholders 

The shareholders n ^ Hbm>< 

Directors deadedjWjejto » 1% 0 f the respec- 

£S*^3SEE5r of rhe applicant bank or sroch- 

Z^^^s^ ssr ~ 

The Board of Directors 

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Euncunm Daptelh 


Dollar P-M arfc Rww 

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Lynch. Book ot Tokyo, Comtnerzbantu 

‘ ' . 

iu PM- aree . 

38423 28U0 

385J5 385JB 

Near York 30480 »**_-*■ 

(Li doBars perovnat iMMnrotfkXU m- 

Bmprteeti to* no* ax** tMosti 
Source: Aaifftn 


Metall Names 

New President 

Bloomberg Bustnen News 

NEW YORK — MetaU- 
gesellschaft Corp.. the 
its unit of the German 
company, named Tbmnas 
A. McKeever president 
and chief executive, re- 
placing Karl M. von der 
Leyden, who will leave 

Aug- 1. 

Mr. McKeever, 50. was 
' president and chief execu- 
tive of Amax Energy Inc. 

Mr. Von der Heyden was 
brought to Metallgesells- 
chflft in December on a 
temporary basis to help re- 


<m ml contracts. 

1954 - 1994 ; creating designers for aver forty years. 

Sninla Politecnica di Design SPD 

Xth International Trienuale in ^ lIa “'. q73 . vuind Inten»uonal Bicnnalt of An* 

SSSS 1 --*" — ^ 
-S3SKSSS =fi» —***-, 

experience. Its teachers are among r^axed. international atmosphere. . 
lessons are attended by snud support from industry. Master 

Advanced studies for further 

courses commence 1 °^J 9 L %f 7 %f 5h F ax 02 / 27000296. 
information are welcome. Tel 02 / 25 7b w- ^ 



Blue Chips Rally, 
Others Meander 

Vki AaodoMd Piw 

Compiled fy Oar Staff from Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Buyers at- 
tracted to economically sensi- 
tive stocks lifted blue-chip is- 
sues Wednesday, but the 
broader market settled for a 
mixed performance. 

- A tentative mood prevailed 
in the financial markets for 
much of the session, with inves- 

; U-S, Stock* 

tors refraining from ma Icing 
bold moves in case the Federal 
Open Market Committee sig- 
naled a change in U.S. interest 
rates. But the Federal Reserve 
Board’s policy-making body 
finished its meeting without an- 
nouncing any change in U.S. 
interest rates. 

: The Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage closed up 22.02 points at' 
3,674.50, but losing issues nar- 
rowly edged gaining ones on the 
New York Stock Exchange. 
While volume increased from 
Tuesday, it remained light at 
:23S.65 million shares. 

The price of the benchmark 
30-year U.S. Treasury bond fell 
2/32 point, to 84 10/32, with 
the yield steady with Tuesday at 
7 .59 percent. 

. Many stock and bond inves- 
tors began to lode toward Friday 

DOLLAR: Fed Roils the Market 

Confirmed from Page 9 
meet in Naples this weekend. 

The dollar had rebounded 
from lows against the mark and 
yen after a spokesman for 
Prime Minister Edouard Balla- 
dur said France would nil 
upon the United States to “take 
all necessary measures" to sup- 

Forelgn Exchoroge 

port the dollar at the G-7 meet- 

. Those comments boosted the 
dollar because “a Lot of people 
are still looking for something 
substantial out of the Naples 
meeting," said Tim Raphael a 
trader at NatWest USA Ban- 
corp. “If there’s no strongly 
worded communique, we’ll see 
a much lowo- dollar next Mon- 

Mr. Raphael did not expect 
the Fed or the G-7 to come to' 
the dollar’s rescue unless U.S. 
stock and bond markets tumble 
and those markets were rela- 
tively stable on Wednesday. 

It remained unclear whether 
the Fed had decided that no 
further rate, increases were 
needed to prevent Inflation 
. from accelerating or whether it 
was simply waiting to digest the 
next round of economic reports 

as the next opportunity for the j 
Fed to raise rates. That's when j 
the Labor Department will re- 
lease employment data for June. | 
Strength in cyclical issues un- 
derpinned the stock market, 
with Caterpillar rising 2% to 
104 Vi and International Paper 
?dding to 68%. 

Alcoa rose 1 to 76% after 
agreeing to merge its alumina 
unit with that of Western Min- 

Technology issues were 
weak, led by Intel, which fell % 
to 57 after lowering prices on its j 
low-end Pentium microproces- 
sors by 38 percent for the third ; 
quarter. 1 

Oil stocks gained for a sec- 
ond day after restructuring: 
plans disclosed by Texaco on 
Tuesday and by Mobil last 
week fueled optimism about in- 1 
d us try profits. 1 

Texaco, which was raised to 
“buy" from “accumulate" by 
Dean Witter Reynolds, added 
1% to 62% in active trading. 

In the transportation sector, 
Southwest Airlines rose % to 
27% and UAL fell 1% to 127 on 
news Southwest would replace 
the parent company of United 
Airlines in the S&P 500 index 
next week. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters, AP) 1 


- "V'fcs : ■ • -Kw* 

linft b?h' ■•■a 

Dow Jones Arna g o s 

open rfoti Lew Led dm ’ 

Indus 3647 302.91 344L09 3674-50 +22.02 

Trans ises» itfHjnimun i9S*2 — Wj 
Uta 177*4 179*7 1713* 179*0 +0*9 
amp 1275.11 138437 1271*3 1300.10 *2J5 

Standard & Poor** Mam 

High LOW CM Q* 

industrials snx sujo siasi -w» 

Tramp. 3B6J2 383*0 363*0 —0*9 

Utilities IJ4JB 152*0 15X73 — 1.14 

Finance 44*9 4138 4465 4-0*5 

SP560 447.28 444.18 446.13 —024 

SP lOB 412*9 41M4 41172 —030 

\*v> v . J{ 

' Afcw* >. w* ’ ?’ f \ Tfllt. 


HYSE Indexes j 

hMi Lot* Lost .caw. 

Composite 24597 24153 246*4 +0JO 

IndvsMeiS 3»W 30X30 — OJDB 

Tranto. 34X77 20.17 20*1 —0.14 

UtBUv 20134 Z01J3 202*3 +031 

Faience 31059 209*0 21048 +OJ? 

NASDAQ Indexes 


Bo nks 








— 1H 












49 V. 










— w 



— w 

46 Vi 

— ita 





61 ta 



before deciding whether to act : 

a gain. 

Die next major economic re- 
port will come Friday when the 
Labor Department reports on 
employment for June. A large 
rise in employment would fuel 
concern the economy may be 
growing too fast, increasing the 
likelihood of growing inflation- 
ary pressures. 

At the previous meeting of 
the Fed policymaking commit- 
tee, which was held oa May 17, 
the Fed announced early in the 
day that it was raising the dis- 
count rate and the federal funds 
rate. After Wednesday’s meet- 
ing, the Fed simply issued a 
statement saying that the meet- 
ing had ended and “there will 
be no further announcement.” 

The U.S. Treasure tried to 
stop the dollar’s slide twice in 
the last two months, calling on 
the Fed and more than a dozen 
other central h anks to buy dol- 

The dollar closed at 5.4200 
French francs on Wednesday, 
up slightly from 5.4175 francs 
on Tuesday, and at 1.3274 
Swiss francs, tittle changed 
from 13260 francs Tuesday. 
The pound rose to $13460 from 

( Bloomberg AP, Reuters) 

NYSE Most Activi 


CMC. Ops 

Motoria s 

Ford a 







NASDAQ Most Activi 

uvallHi i 












AMEX Most Actives 

WOT Lw Lot) Cbs. i 
70506 499*7 701 JO —2*9 
71121 mJB 711.12 -qjl 
76X33 763-54 7HM +1*3’ 
0759 67024 876.12 —1*] 

SI « 21"“ -°- 1! 

48XJ5 430.Cn 4BUS —4*5 ■ 

AMEX Stock Index 

HMi Law Last dig. 
42X73 42X10 413*5 —0.15 





48V 14 

— 1 Vu 



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Market Salas 

235*5 195*1 

1X39 1X77 

24031 200096 

Dow Jones Bond A 

20 Bonds 
Hi Ultima 
If Industrials 

NYSE Diary 



AMEX Diary 

Total issues 
New Hiatts 
New Lows 


Total issues 
New Hiatts 
New Laws 

Spot Co mm odW — 

Commodt tr Today 

Aluminum, Bj 0*74 

Coffee. Broz. B> L98 

Copper el e c tr ol ytic. lb 1.12 

iron FOB. ton moo 

Lead, id 034 

Stiver. tray az 539J 

steel (scrap). Ian 122*0 

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Parwwd 150U0 15MJD 151 U0 1519*0 

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ftrwd 2477M 347X00 34M0 2407*0 

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SPOT 561*0 582*0 51550 56X50 

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Dec 9X74 9X63 9U7 —006 

Mr 93*7 9256 9259 —DOB 

92*7 92*7 92*1 —0*6 

Sta 9156 91*7 9153 —0*4 

DK 91-2 91*8 9iJ4 -0*4 

Mar 91*9 ?l JH 91 J7 — 0*3 

jun 91*0 91 *0 91iftS —0*3 

Sma 90*6 90*1 9063 — 064 

Me 9066 9Q*a 9039 —0*7 

MOr 9044 9039 9040 —0*1 

jtm 9032 9031 . 9029 —0*2 

Eat. volume: 37/4M. Open Intj 52X249. 

SI mmop-ptsef Mpd 
Sep 9450 94*7 9466 —0*2 

Me 94*0 94*0 9358 Unch. 

Mkr N.T. N.T. t X70 Unch. 

,JOT N.T. N.T. 93*0 UndL 

!s» N.T. N.T. 9XH —0*2 

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Sep 94*8 94*1 94*7 +0*2 

DOC 9379 9X71 *U* +OJU 

MB- 9354 9356 9357 + 0*3 

Jvm 9X34 932B 9137 +0*3 

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- fid. votome: OS** Open bit: *37371 


S? 9439 9420 *424 -113 

Sec 94J4 9354 9354 —110 

Mar 93*6 9X70 9370 —114 

jJm 91*9 9X40 9X40 —11* 

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Dec 9X06 9259 93*0 —OS? 

IMr 92*6 92*2 92*0 — 0*7 

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Bet. vohptie: 47362. Opart Inf..- 197601 
Sep 100-16 99-14 99-26 -Ml 

Dec N.T. NT, W36 -0-11 

est. volume: 34220. Open bit.: 110577. 
SBP 92J5 9150 9155 +0J9 

Dec 9LW 90.93 91*8 +021 

Est. votunne: 92*59. Open InX: TSL267. 


JS mm ‘ t W m TSoz IKK -110 

Dec 11X50 11X10 11372 —110 

Mar 11X66 112*6 11260 —110 

J«i NLT. N.T. N.T. UaCtL 

Est.vohime: 12XWL Open InX: 141322. 

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every Wednesday 

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mass ..noNMM 

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90P m at lam ww mm —273 

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JOT 1*35 16X73 1642 14425 — UO 

PH 16100 143*0 14BJB —1*0 

t£r 112*0 iSSS 162*0 162*0 +050 

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Dec USB- son uj«. ion— om. 

JOT Ti*3 1074 MTS 1075 —0.14 

pee 1020 MJB MJO MT2 —0.14 

Mar 1466 14*6 1046 WA2 -0J* 

Apr -UJS 1074 MJS 1057 —OM 

BeLvetume: 36*72. Open lot. UM9 

Stock Indexes 

. ,, Lew deee Chaeee 


■35 per Index Miet 

54P 2910* 2936* 2547* — 12* 

DK , 2973* 2973* - 2MS5 —12* 

Est volume: 10781. Open lot: 51*19. - 
FF7M per btdexeeM 

Jpf 7907*0 «79*e WXOO' UPCh. 

Ml 1912*5 MUD 190050 -150 

SOT 1921*0 wta 190050- +050 

Dec . H.T. . N.T. 193&JDB +058 

MOT . N.T. NLT. 1962*0 UltCtL 
Estvotarae: 17*93. Open hit: 70*94 
. S ouraa s Matn. Associated ■ Press, 
Laext on in ty FtnaaOat Futures Excftanw 
fan F W WNei Exchange. 

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it's never 
been easier 
to subscribe 
and save. 

Sweden Holds a Pair of Eurobond Sales 

Canytied by Our Staff From Dispaicka 

LONDON — Sweden turned 
to the international markets to 
borrow $810 milli on in two Eu- 
robond sales in two days as in- 
vestors shunned its domestic 
bond market. 

Sweden on Wednesday began 
selling 50 billion yen ($505 mo- 
tion) erf 1 3.1 percent bonds due 
1997, managed by IBJ Interna- 
tional. On Tuesday, it sold $300 
million of 6.25 percent bonds 
due 1996 in an international sale 

managed by Nomura Interna- 
tional and Swiss ffamV Carp. 

The yield on 10-year Swedish 
government bonds on Wednes- 
day soared to 10.95 percent, a 
new high for the year from 
10.73 percent Tuesday and 10 
percent a week ago. 

The collapse in the domestic 
market- started Friday after 
Sweden’s- largest insurance 
company, Skandia Forsakrings 
AB, said it wouldn’t buy any 
more bonds until Sweden takes 

to tackle its burgeoning 
t deficit 

On Toesday, the government 
raised its budget deficit forecast 
for fiscal year 1995 to 160 bil- 
lion Swedish kronor ($20 bil- 
lion) from a previous estimate 
of 150 billion. 

The p arliame ntary financial 
committee wffl hold a special 
meeting next Thursday to dis- 
cuss the budget crisis with Fi- 
nance Minister Anne WIbble 

and the central bank governor. 
Urban Bfickstr&m. 

At a conference last month, 
SteffaaCrona, director-general 
of the Swedish National Debt 
Office, said the proportion of 
Sweden’s borrowing on the in- 
ternational rather than domes- 
tic market has risen. 

Analysts said Sweden had 
been driven abroad for its mon- 
ey by poor demand in the do- 
mestic market 

(Bloomberg AFX) 

Labatt Buys Stake in Mexico ^ ^r v 

Wednesday it had acquired a 22 

brewerFE f^j < S"an for Laban to buy a further 8 £ 
■ftc deal rhi« W and for* - 

(throughout Canada. 

« Dime and Anchor Banks to Merge 

would create the largest savings bank on the fast m 
Dto^bSdqutuSS it to York, mil SfK m 

HctSS NeyVork-bascd Anchor 1.77 s bar« ; 

'e«iiAndior shait Tba uompamBvaloaltte dal at SOWhon 
Kawi on Dime’s stock price as of the start ot . 

uS^t^S. ■ 

{ and five branches iu Florida. ■ 

i MQ to Help Build Europe Network 

i NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — MCI . 

I said it agreed to hdp amstruct and urrest m a $60 million 

! ■ 

i provide Socdan. Noway. Denma* and tte N ettotoda wth 
more than. 30,000 sunultaneous tdephone oremts by the end of ■ 

} *^MCTs investment rmresents a “small pcrcent gc” of the pro- 
j ject, the spokesman added, decli nin g to elaborate. 

Jacobs Plans $701.5 Million: Offering ■ 

CLEVELAND (Bloombog) —The real-estate executive Rich- 
ard E. Jacobs said Wednesday he planned to sell a 60 percent 
! stake in bis shopping-center empire to the public through arp^ 
fnrtfai public nffwing that «img to raise $7013 xnuhon. 

Mr. Jacobs said toe company,' Jacobs Properties I nc ; filed a _ • 
registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commis- 
1 sion to sell 30.5 million common shares in the United States and 
overseas. If completed, it would be the third largest initial public . : 
} aSeaing of aim estate investment trust in the industry^ 34-year 
history, traffing only the $840 million offering of Simo n Property . 

I Group in December 1993 and the S750*mffian Rockefdler Center 
: Properties Inc. offering in 1985. 

New Tax Roles for Multinationals 

WASHINGTON (AP) —The Clinton administration is adopt- J 
in g rules «ihaH at promoting, tax conqpliance by multinational - 
I c o sp o ra tiona when mey nwfce payments between parent con^ya- . 

‘ nies and -subsidiaries. 

The roles, described in a 260-page document, have been ei^t . . 
years in the making' and are doe to take effect in 90 days. They 
were authorized by the 1986 Tax Reform Act to prevent comp a- . 
nies from avoiding ^taxes by improperly assigning costs to subsid- 
iaries in other countries. . , . t - 

Treasury affidals said the revised methods .are intended to give. . _ 
conipanies fair guidelines that will encourage them to comply to 
avoid costly litigation and potentially stiff penalties. 

For die Record 

Great Atlantic A Pacific Tea Co. said first-quarter earnings . 

before special items fefl 58 percent because of a strike in Canada 
and fierce competition in the Atlanta market (Bloomberg) 

RJ. Reynolds Tobacco Internation al he. said Wednesday it 
had acquired the Shimkeni Confectionery Enterprise, a maker of . 
cookies, crackers and candies in Kazakhstan; (he price was not 
disclosed. ^ (Bloomberg) 

ConAgra lac. said net income in its fourth quarter jumped 284,7, 
. percent from a your earlier, to. $13L8 miUion/Ied by higher ^ 
operating prtfit in its prq>are<LfppdSabusine»iffi »j( Bloomberg) 

, Detroifs Kg Three carmakers Goienil Mbtacs Coqx, Ford . 
Motor Col and Chrfder Carp. —said thar sales of new cars and 
tradcs^ ^rose 2L2 percent in Jime; capping a strong first half of the 
year. (Reuters) 



Sanaa Smai 
HWi Law 

Open Kab Low 

Swan Seam 
Htoh Low 

Own Mm Law Cl an Chu OfUnt 

Agmea Frana Pm July 6 


ABN Amro HM 99.10 6020 vff 
ACF Holding <X3o 4X60 vew 

Via toui ii Aj Piwi 

Stamens 657*065X90 

Thvsron 2B7 2S6 

varto 137 jo 311 

VetJQ 50X60 302 

VEW 330 330 

VkM 464i045Bja 

Volkswagen 468-10 471 

Walla 950 940 


Amar-Ymvma 125 125 

EiMO-Gutad* 41 4X30 

HuhMmakl 168 170 


Kraimana 118 117 

Melra 160 143 

Nokia 455 455 

Pohloto 70 70 

RepolO 09 89 

Stockmann 206 205 

CatnMar 1750 T7J8 

Cascades 758 7*3 

Domfekn Text A 625 6.13 

OpnotHWA U2S 1U0 

MacMillan Bl 1725 1725 

Natl Bk Canada &75 075' 
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OMbecTel 19 JO 1925 

Oucbecar A 1725 17J8 

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HandettOanleen 94J0 9450 

investor B 158 15* 

Norsk HyWa 219 220 

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SCArA 105 U8 

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skan *1 F jes S 97 

Skamko 139 139 

3KF 133 134 

3 loro 369 30 

Trolleboro BF 90 101 

VMv a 382 378 

S53£S?SSSS8 : 173477 

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1 tat Josrjmfe 1129 iuo it27 

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Open Hah Low daw Oh Op** 1L80__ hub Mar 96 1120 UJD IUO 

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1485 1020 Sep 94 133S 1353 1304 

1507 Mil Dec 94 1376 130 13*4 

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79,112 1®0 1071 May 95 

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Goodman Field 
ICI Australia 

Nat Ansi Bank 
News Carp 
Wine Network 
N Broken Hilt 
Poc Dunloo 
Pioneer ion 
Nmndv PgseUm 
OCT R ejou n ces 

western Minim 
Westnac Banking 


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5*1 <95 
18*6 18*4 
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1 1*5 1*5 

2*6 2*7 
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too 434 448 
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234 234 
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—060 5*23 
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-AM «n 
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-9 34249 
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—17 X330 
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-17. 682 

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— 2JD 3*65 
— 825 X754 
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— 1JB TOO 

—1*0 J 

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PWTTSH POU7C (CMBR) tM-ane-i nHraUtnmi 

1-itt L5416 1JS» 1-539* 1-5454 .31 

JSS tJ43B l-®™ 1J44B +* 

1*480 1*640 Mar 96 IJ442 .2 

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TUB'S open h* 39*36 no 413 

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do Brasil 21 

BOV 2830 2830 

Bco Central Him 3440 2460 

Banco Santander 4440 4555, 

Banesta 8 to 895 

CEPSA 2900 2935 

□raaodas 2010 2035 

Endesa 5500 5730 

Ercras 213 218 

UiertroJa 898 B9S 

Reosol 3655 3630 

Tabacalero 1110 3240 

Tel efcxi lea T770 1780 

SJL Depend Index : 29X91 












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20 10a? 

8*1 &5S 
5*0 <80 
250 215 

216 205 

IS 170 

250 225 

93 MM 
111 M0.® 
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317 295 
1*3 0.99 
9050 89 



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DBS MU0 11 

Fraser Neave 16*0 16*0 

Gantlng _ 17*0 1SL3S 

CeWtn Hope PI 2*5 2*8 

Haw Par 3*2 110 

Hume Industries 5.15 STD 


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Spare Pros «*B 1SJ2 
Sins Steamship 3*4 3*2 
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Strolls Ttaesfed, : 2U2J8 


mwiuea 6U 

AKan Aluminum 32 32U AseaA 
Bank Montreal 3UI 2<2S Astro A 
Bell Canada 45 45.13 Anas Copco 

Bombardier B 1035 W50 EleCtraUw B 

Mm | YamafcW sec 

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an 506 

149 147 
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Commercially Successful 


. •. - 

PARIS — Jean Gandois said 
Wednesday he was resi gning as 
dumnan rf Pedimey SA and 
would seek the presidency of 
Coasefl National da Patironat 
Fran^ais, a powerful employ- 
ers* ” w ""' 

LEr,i lwN« 

\ w 

Sy£ : 


he had come to this oriac h iriflB 
after failing to pro-place some 
50 percent of Pbcfai w fs capital 
m French institutional inves- 
tors. .. 

.. “When I realized on June 20 
(hat I would not be aide to as- 
as’ group. semtdcagroupof shareholder, 

Mr. Gandois has headed the I told Ihe government that I did" 
stale-owned metals and pack- rKtt;tr6iX)setbfc 
-*"■ « " ■ « »> «■ » 1 iQK i* Pechmey” Mr. Gandois said. . 

The company had a loss of 
980 minim French francs (S180 
million) in 1993. Of this, 300 

miTlirm francs resulted from 
miscalculations in purchases cS 
ahnmnmm futures. 

Mr. Gandois predicted that 
the co m p a ny would recover 
from that loss and post a protit 
for this year. 

Gerard Languet, the industry 

minister of France, said a suc- 
cessor to Mr. Gandois would be 
time constraints,” he said. ' named soon. _ 

Mr. Gandois said it was un- “Wc need to ad quickly, Mr. 

Kkdy Pechmey would be priva- Longnet said- “A company Eke 
tized before 1996, adding that Pechmey cannot remam m un- 
- certainty, without a lA arnnan ^ 

GancknTse^ to h^^^nown 
as the Patronat, has traditional- 
ly played a strong role in 
French policies, given the dose 

By Daniel Tilles 

Sptx&to dw Herald Tribute 

’ taNNES — Many Rus sians may worry 
abom^ ^zyii^mvaaai of th^w unt ry 
. n -j __ w. Mnrnvtms and Mercedes 

aging company since 1986. In 
an open letter to employees, be 
said it would be better to leave 
the task of preparing Pechmey 
for privatization to a new leader 
because the sale was unlikely to 
be completed by next year, 
when he will Teach the retire- 
ment age of 65. 

“In the interests of the group, 
1 thought it better to allow my 
successor, who will be named in 
the craning days, to prepare for 
this major event without any 

ftrtnclrjtmfje ” he Slid. 

$ ThomsonPtans 
Joint Ventures 

effing real-estate companies and banks as two 
major local ad categories. “This is absolutely 
-nonnous in. Russia.” . . . . 

The surging demand fa- advertising is also 
forcing improvements in the commercials 
technically, our advertising is 
t par with the West,” said Vladimir 

of 25 s?tt& - 

^vertismgngeney, as wdl as others m the 
Riasianaavertij^intoiy, tosarcgc^ ■ still, many commercials would beconad- 
“Russia is Ekcn black hole; it S sucking up rtyerbearing by Western standards. One 

™Stato UK market,” Mr. Evstafiy in this year's Cannes 

said. “Companies can’t produce qm*jdy wjmpgtitkHi lived up to its description m the 
. So^ghr^padty can’t increase quickly “A woman catches her hus- 

enough.” . . . - _ ^ band drinking at a bar. She shoots down the 

^advertising business itrejf jSSJtSt bar’s display with a IC nl a shm kov. Evciythmg 

Whereas the mdusttybaaaUy*to 1 ^ destroyed exc 

years ago, there arc about 2,000 strongest vodka, 
registered in Moscow “1““ today, KfcE The group adc 

fiev said at the recent Cannes advertising very 

fe ^^rte the explosive growth, a ^uaflnun^ 
btt have quickly risen to the top. Mr- Evstar 
csthrffl^ihe largest sevenlocal 
cStttrollfid half the market wjni^vnflttto 
rest being divided between such 
TneuloL as Young ftRubiom or BBDO 

and sm^ homegrown shOTs. 

Within the top seven, Premier sv, , wrui 
about 1/XX) employees, m*d Video Interna- 
tional are the dominant playera. . 

The {tve-agency second tier indodes a 
group called Avrora, as wdl l as Mamma, 
w£3i employs 50 people and has 

temational clients as Cadbury Schweppes, 
m 1 . — MUHiiw is evenly Split, & 

that creativity was 
Cerent" from Western 
advertising, though mostly out of necessity. 

“It’s not so much about product qnaMy 
and competitive comparisons as about nnd- 

r Russia is like a black hole; 
ifg sacking up everything 
into the market," 

Vladimir Evstafiev, president of 
Moscow's Maxima advertising agency. 

- . - 7 PARIS — Tbomson-t^r, a 
j_ : state-owned defense electronics 

**"55; company, said Wednesd ay it 

planned to merge its weaponry 

, and tactical missfle propidsiaa 

-J . unauoni activities with those of Deut- 

sche Aerosoace AG. 

(Reuters, AFX) 

U FtmoerOfficjalJailed 
An appeals court in Paris 
“ *0 iafled a former government offi- 

It said tbemergff would re- £^Wedne^<m(±ffl8^r^' 

sttsBssrsiS. sa-SSr 



^ ab«. to take o«r ^can 

f lyniho n m xcvcnuco “rrr” — ~ ^ 

relational clients as Cadbmy S<*wOTjes. the goods advertised,” Mr. Evstafiev said. 

Though overall revenue is evenlyjpht, Mr. ^ nrae ^ w need to impress them m the 

place at the top of the ^cy heap F and lucniire into 

^^advertising demand miniua tofanother group fedmg 
“Even £ Mg international ®S“a“t3uy ^aTtradeappealmg: organized enme. Those 

their ad time throng ns, w he said. “We act as 

’■Sgya.gSSt ■**«■*■■!* ody to to. “crisis problem. 

- — mf Fnmm acenev networks 

Recovery . 

In Germany 
Is Real, Say 

Btamdxq Busmets N*** 
FRANKFURT — Despite a 
number of seemingly conflict- 
ing statistics released Wednes- 
day. many economists say they 
are convinced (hat the German 
economy is on the road to re- 
covery- . . 

The recent strength of me 
Deutsche mark against the dol- 
lar has weighed 011 Gfc 1 ™ 0 ®*“ 
porters, but domestic demand is 
catching up, figures sh ow. A 
stronger mark m a k es German 
goods more expensive for for- 
eign buyers. 

While a report on new manu- 
facturing orders from West 
German industry indicated a 
slight slowdown in economic 
expansion, a drop in seasonally 
adjusted unemployment in 
June seemed to convey the op- 
posite impression. 

“We are indeed on a path to 
recovery that has now em- 
braced domestic industry as 
well," said Thomas Mayer, 
chief economist at Goldman 
Sachs & Co. in Frankfurt. 

The Federal Labor Office 
said the West German unem- 
ployment rate fell to 8.0 percent 
ia June from 8.1 percent in 

. . n TV.. f 

Investor’s Europe 

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298.46* • - -MBS 

pr<HU W u iiiMw — — . ■ 

Saies of the can company’s 
U^i.-bascd parent company. 
Triangle Corp- _ 

The court overturned an ao- 

cnn£l by a lower court to senr 
-■ — . . . tence Mr. Boublil to two years 

^^^Bloonfierg) in jail, withone year suspended. 

Even so, mt. c.vsuuic» ~ 

there were signs of foreign ageary network s 
starting to negotiate directly vntb 
niSroras rather than using these Rnssian 

Sh S a r^d <1 SvSpmcn t of the 

ftomcv landscape is being accompanied by 

Midraangcs in media costs, (to 
2ntlv y 60-second advertisements during 

reported a 1993 loss of23 b&- 
lion francs, winch analysts at- 
tributed to its 21 .6 percent stalre 
in Crtdit Lyonnais, the French 
bank that had aloss of 6.9 bil- 
lion francs test year. 

TOTfl ing UIWWIVW V. «-o- — - - 

Stic agencies were quick “J?™ 

RSCG, and Avrora with Grey. 

But while acknowledgmg the aHuremlCT- 
national relationships held 
many found it frustrating to ■dwtiswA at 
least initially, seemed drawn to the big net 
2£sdeS significantly lower commission 
rates — ^^ten 5 percent to 8 percent less 

toSTnumb^s of domestic ad- ^ by iocal agencies. “Clients start at the 
advertising bud- 

gets, comprtewith foreign advertisers for an know the market better, Mr. Evsta- 

tni 2^ largest 20 to 25 lo^^e^^o^y fiC J! > - llc ^ they remain enthi^iastic 
harebu^ofbetwemKMmto^to^ aj^the future of the business in Russia. 

nriffion, perhaps more." Mr. Evstanev saio. 

GE’s Small Gain 
Dismays Investors 

Bloomberg Business News 

LONDON — General Elec- 
day its pretax profit in 
that ended March .31 
£866 million ($13 
from £863 million, a ipult that 
sent the stock price plunggg. 

The company saMi , 
sales slowed and somebusn«s- 

es may be sold if profits do not 

improve. Restrucunmg 
charges for laying °ff ' 1 
ees and heavy n^earch and de- 
vdopment spending also hurt 
eanSngs- Operaung proto 
slipped to £684 | 

£fi 95 milhon as the 
hurt industrial demand, the 

J££ touted £9.7 billion, up 
from £9.4 biffion the previous | 

Weekly net asset 

on 30.06.94 

US $ 263.17 

listed on the 
. 1 Amsterdam 

kr -^ g Stock Exchange 


MeesPierwn Capial Mana^ianem 
Robin 55, 1012 KX Amsterdam. 
U* 31-20-5211410. 

May. Seasonally adjusted, the 
number of unemployed fell 
3,000 in June from May. 

The jobless figures have sur- 
prised me,” said Eva Hermes, a 
bond analyst at Westdeutsche 
Landesbank Girozentrale in 
DQsseldorf. Economists had 
forecast an increase of 10,000. 

The Economics Ministry said 
manufacturing orders to West 
German industry dropped 0.2 
percent in May from April, led 
by a decline in export orders of 
0.6 percent. 

“I wouldn’t see this as being 
all too negative,” said Rainer 
Matthes, chief economist at B. 
Metzler seeL Sohn & Co. “^his 
simply reflects the strength of 
the Deutsche mark.” 

The M3 money supply, the 
Bundesbank’s key inflation 
gauge, is also growing a little 
more slowly. The German cen- 
tral bank said M3 grew at a 13.4 
percent in May, after a 15.4 
percent rise in both March and 

to rate stfll t»r <***«? 

to Bundesbank's target or* 


year. “Yes, it’s moving in tne 
right direction, but the danger 
sure isn’t over yet,” Mr. Mayo- 

Deutsche marks ($190 million), 
it mi ph i break even for the year as a whole. 


that was placed in receivership in 1993. 

. Britain’s industrial production to* 3.9 p«entm 
j^Siicr. and numnfactnnng 

Mannesmann CEO Cleared 

m - « artvy* flfie 

^ornpucu ejr w 

mann AG’s supervisory bood 
said Wednesday that an inde- 
pendent investigation bad 
found no evidence of wrongdo- 
ing by its management hoard 
chairman, Werner Meter. 

Mr. Dieter was bong mvesti- 
aated by public prosecutors on 
allegations of fraud concerning 
ties between Mannesmann, one 
of Germany’s largest engineer- 
ing and telecommunications 

concerns, and Hydac, his family 

The investigation arose after 
a series of articles in the news 
magazine Der Spiegel said that 
Mr Dierer had used his posi- 
tion as Mannesmann chairman 

to win orders for Hydac- Mr. 
Dieter has denied the charges. 

“The new and past examina- 
tions of the auditing rC P°*f 
Mannesmann AG have placed 
no burdens on Mr. Dieter, _sai 
Friedrich Wilhelm Christians. 
Mannesmann supervisory 
board chairman, in a siaiemenL 

(Reuters, Bloomberg. AFX)‘ 


Sodete AnoDyme 

| Notice is hereby given to the shareholder that the 

ANNUAL general meeting 

shareholders ofGT 

Stl ^ SoHowtog agenda : 


their duties for the year <^^^31^9* ^ General Meeting of Shareholders; 

J 5 S Gencre. Meedttg of Sharehokiere: 

of Door’s fees; 

7. Any other business: 

8. Adjournment e 

- ofthe 
shares present or represented at the meeung. 

In order to attend tte med^ ofJu^ J5. of the 

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Page 13 



Acutes ‘ 

J5YDNEY —The media dud 
Rraert Murdoch and 
CoMad Black moved from 
. I^ftm tofydneycmWednes- 

.teSfterMr .Murdoch's News 
Corp. said it had taken a small 
stake m John Fairfax Holdings 
Ltd., winch is controlled by in- 
terests associated with the Ca- 
nadian medte. baron. 

.■ _ jjjjcws seid it bought 12 

• zmuioQ stares, or 1.7 percent, of 
its rival company June 15 , a 
stake currently valued at about 
31 imDion Australian dollars 
(S23 mOhon). 

Although .the purchase was 
relatively small and was de- 
scribed by News Corp. as a 
passive investment,” analysts 
said the move could be designed 
to pul pressure on Mr. Black, 
-. .whose ownership, of Fairfax 
stands at a 25 percent limi t 
; “It could be portof a strategy 
to put pressure on. Black to sell 
his stake in Fairfax,” said Bob 
Peters, media analyst at ANZ 
McCaughan Ltd. ‘‘News Corp 
would then be there to buy it.” 

In London, Mr. Blade, who 
owns the newspaper concern 
Telegraph PLC* and Mr. Mur- 
11 dock whose holdings i nc l u de 
^ The Times, are involved in -a 
daily-newspaper price war that 
has rattled London's newspaper 

The Times has won market 

share from Mr. Murdoch’s Brit- 
ish rivals whh its price cuts. - 

.News of Mr. Murdoch’s 
stake in Fairfax — ' Australia's 
oldest media group and the 
1 owner of some of its most influ- 
ential newspapers, including 
The Sydney Morning Herald, 
The Age in Melbourne and the 
Australian Financial Review — - 
surprised fee media industry 

News Corp. was a mystery 
b uyer of the Fairfax stock until 
Fairfax forced it to reveal the 

t urchase under Australian 
lock Exchange regulations. 

■ The Fairfax group also is 15 
percent-owned py Kerry Pack- 
er, Australia's richest man 
a longtime rival of News Corp. 
who is currently en gage d in & 
- roagfm ne war with "Mr 1 Mur- 

Under Australian cross-me- 
dia ownership laws, Mr. Packer, 
who owns the television compa- 
ny Nine Network. Australia 
Ltd., cannot challenge Mr. 
Murdoch in a takeover war for 
Fairfax by raising his s take be- 
yond 15 percent. 

Mr. Murdoch would prefer 
the high-profile and lucrative 
Fairfax group of newspapers to 
those be currently owns — the 
Daily Telegraph Mima and the 
Australian — analysts said. 

If Mr. Black is wiUmg to sur- 
render his Fairfax stake. Mr. 

Murdoch would probably sdl 
bis Australian newspapers to 
prevent Australia’s monopoly 
watchdog, the Trade Practices 
Counmsskw, from intervening, 
the analysts said. 

- Mr. Blade, who bought into 
■ Fairfax in December 1992, has 
been frustrated in his owner- 
ship. This year he lasbed out at 
the government of Prune Minis- 
ter Paul Keating' for not allow- 
ing him to Hose his stake be- 
yond 25 percent. . 

Mr. Blade said at the time 
that the government limit 
placed his Fairfax stake in jeop- 
ardy of takeover. 

“He may be putting the 
squeeze on Black to force a play 
in Fairfax, especially if classi- 
fied levels turn around,” said 
Peter Cox, a media consultant. 

The Sydney Morning Herakl 
and The Age dominate the coun- 
try’s dassified-adveztismg mar- 
ket, generating annual revenue 
of about 200 rmffioa dollars. 

Classified revenue is expect- 
ed to rebound this year, after 
declining the past several years, 
as the economy strengthens. 

Mr. Murdoch has long want- 
ed to break Fairfax’s strangle- 
hold on the classified market, 
but his attempts to make head- 
way in that market with his 
mostly tabloid Australian news- 
papers have had Hole success. 

Strong Yen Turns 
Japanese Buyers 
To Imported Cars 

Luoyang Glass Faces Shaky Debut 

. Roam 

HONG KONG — China’s second batch of 
companies to join tbe Hong Kong stock market 
might have an inauspicious debut Friday. 

Luoyang Glass Co., one of 22 companies des- 
ignated by Beijing for its latest group of overseas 
hstmgs, is likely to drop below its public-offering 
price when its shares start trading, brokers and 
analysts said. 

“We learned a lot from the previously listed 
ones,” a sales director at a local brokerage con- 
cern said of the Chinese companies.. “They do 
not even report interim results, so how can you 
mist them? I do not think they can stand firm on 
Friday, above the subscription price.” . 

' Tbe fault, however, may lie more with general 
wariness about China’s economy and with local 
market conditions than with Luoymg Glass as a 
company, analysts said. 

“Obviously, sentiment For H shares has 
dropped quite a lot from last year because Chi- 
na’s economic overview is not as promising so far 
and because the local Hang. Kong stock-market is 
£ very, sluggish,” said Eva Chun, an analyst with 

Seapower Securities, referring to a class of Chi- 
nese shares traded in Hong Kong. 

Not is the record of the firsr batch of H shares 
encouragmgin all cases. Whole Trisgtao Brewery 
Co., which issued tbe first H shares m July 1993, 
has nearly doubled since its debut, four of the 
nine r emain below their offer prices. 

Luoyang Glass said last week that its public 
offering of 6&5 million H shares was only 2 
percent oversubscribed. 

“Actually, this figure shows that they are un- 
dersubscribed,” a trader ala regional brokerage 
concern said. He said underwriters were rumored 
to have taken up much of the issue to avoid an 
embarrassing undersubscription, he said. 

- The subscription ratio of just 1.02 times the 
number of shares offered contrasts starkly with 
the heavy oversubscriptions for some of the first 
batch of H shares, which were launched near the 
peak of a bull market. • 

After tiring to more than 12^00 points in 
January, the Hong Kong market’s Hang Seng 
index ended at 3,454.92 on Wednesday, on vol- 
ume less than one-sixth of its peak levels. 

! •*: J :i l>* r R'-“ 1 - '■ * ' 

Agavx F/mce-Rratt 

TOKYO — Further signs 
of tbe impact of tbe high- 
priced yen on Japanese con- 
sumer and industrial trends 
emerged Wednesday, as the 
dollar continued to faD. 

Yasushi Xfieno, the gover- 
nor of the Bank of Japan, 
said tbe Group ot Seven in- 
dustrialized countries would 
continue their concerted, ac- 
tion to prevent sharp swings 
in the dollar, which dosed at 
9830 yen in Tokyo. 

At the same tune, the Ja- 
pan Automobile Importers 
Association said sales of im- 
ported motor vehicles 
surged 42 3 percent in June 
from a year earlier, to a re- 
cord for the month of 29,725 
units. The strong yen makes 
imports less expensive in Ja- 

The latest increase, on lop 
of a 48.4 percent jump in 
May, marked seven mouths 
of uninterrupted growth and 
helped lift ales in the first 
six months of 1994 by 40-3 
percent, to a record 13 7,966 

Tbe »«m 4 atirtn said im- 
ported cars, trucks and buses 

— including those maA» by 
Japanese companies abroad 

— claimed a record 6.7 per- 
cent of the local market. 

“Hie higher appreciation 
of the yen considerably en- 
couraged importers to sell 
foreign cars in Japan.” an 
association official said. He 
said tbe trend was likely to 
continue “for the time be- 
ing.” Sales of imported vehi- 
cles made by non-Japanese 
manufacturers stood at 
20.791 in June, while sales of 
vehicles made by Japanese 
carmakers abroad totaled 

But the association official 
warned that the yen’s contin- 
ued surge might also slow Ja- 
pan’s economic recovery. 

“In the long term, we 
can’t fully welcome a plunge 
in the dollar,” he said. 

Meanwhile, Japanese 
mak ers of construction ma- 
chinery said they were shift- 
ing more of their production 
from Japan to the United 


Of Chips 
In Korea 

Agatet Franee-Pnm 

SEOUL — Sooth Korean 
semiconductor exports have 
been soaring beyond al) expec- 
tations, with shipments at the 
country^ three biggest chip 
makers jumping 60 percent in 
the first half of ibeyear, compa- 
ny officials and analysts said 

. Tbe “big three” manufactur- 
ers — Samsung Bectnmics Co, 
Hyundai Electrical Engineering 

Co. a nd Gold Star Co. — ex- 
ported $3 bflhon of semicon- 
ductor chips in the year to June 

“Jt’smore than a boom,” said 
Ju Dae Young, an analyst wjtih 

die Korea Institute for Industri- 
al Economy and Technology- 
“This upsurge will last until the 
b end of next year.” 

Fierce competition for mar- 
ket share has forced the big 
three, all subsidiaries of power- 
ful conglomerates, to upgrade 
production facilities. 

Mr. Ju said companies in 
South Korea invested heavily in 
m*ss production of semicon- 
ductors while other countries, 
i ncluding Japan, were hesitant 
to take the risk. That invest- 
ment cormratment. he said, is 

^Mr^S^aid such decisions 
could be made quickly by South 
Korea’s famfly-controfled con- 
glomerates. _ 

Xhc Kfe cycle of four-mega- 
byte dynamic random access 
memory, or D-RAM* chips also 
turned out to be longerfean 
expected in oveneas markets, 
brin g in g in mflhons ofdollart. 

^jSSfSTEkjg of 

. the hiK three are- 


Sodetfi Anonyme 

Registered office : 2, boulevard Royal, L-2953 Luxembourg 
• • ILC. Luxembourg No- B 24840 

nnanuns « . 

again pouring more jnoney utto 
^ansicai, especially “pro- 

companies earmarked sortie S3 
> btifioiffor semiconductor m- 

ggl doubled .»«« 

overseas j 19I j nultoo. 

Notice is hereby given to the shareholders, that the 


of shareholders of GT BIOTECHNOLOGY & HEALTH FUND will be held at the 
offices of Banque Internationale h Luxembourg, Soti£t£ Anonyme, 69, route d’Esch, 
L-1470 Luxembourg, on Friday, July 15, 1994 at 3.00 p.m. with the following agenda : 

1. To consider and approve the Reports of the Board of Directors and of the Auditor; 

2. To approve die Statement of Net at March 31, 1994 and tbe Statement of 
■ Operations for tbe year ended March 31, 1994 and to allocate the net results; 

3. To discharge the Board of Directors and tbe Auditor in respect of the performance of 
their duties for die year ended March 31, 1994; 

4. To elect the Dircctois to serve until tbe next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders; 

5. To elect as Auditor to serve until the next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders: 
Coopers & Lybrand S.C 4 

6. To approve tbe payment of Director’s fees; 

7. Any other business; . . 

8 . Adjournment. 

The shareholders .are advised (hat no quorum is required for the items on the agenda of 
the Annual General Meeting and that decisions will be taken on a simple majority of 
the shares present or represented at the meeting 

In order to attend the meeting of July 15, 1994, the owners of bearer shares will have to 
deposit their shares five clear days before the meeting with the registered office of tbe 
company or with Baoque Internationale h Luxembourg, 69, route d’Esch, L-1470 
Luxembourg. . . 



Society Anonyme 

Registered office : 2, boolevard Royal. L-2953 Luxembourg 
R.C. Luxembourg No. B 25176 

Notice is hereby given to the shareholders, that the 


of shareholders of GT US SMALL COMPANIES FUND will be held at the offices of 
Banque Internationale & Luxembourg. SociAd Anonyme, 69, route d’Esch, L-1470 
Luxembourg, 00 Friday, July 15. 1994. at 4.00 pm. with the following agenda ; 

] To consider and approve fee Reports of the Board of Directors and of the Auditor, 

:V to approve the Statement of Net Assets and the Statement, of Operations as at 
~ March 31, 1994 and to allocate the net results; 

3 , To discharge the Board of Directors and. fee Auditor in respect of the performance of 
* their duties for the year ended March 31 . 1994 ; 

4. To elect fee Directors to serve until fee next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders; 
5 ’ To elect as Auditor to serve until the next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders; 

Coopers A Lybrand S,G; 

6 . To approve .fee payment of Director’ s fees; 

7. Any other business; 

8 . Adjournment, 

The shareholders are advised that no quorum is required for the items on the agenda of 
the Annual General Meeting and tint decisions will be taken on a simple majority of 
the shares present or represented at the meeting. 

In order to attend the meeting of July 15, 1994, the owners of bearer shares will have 10 
deposiifeear shares five clear days, before the meeting with the registered office of the 
company or wife Banque Internationale h Luxembourg, 69. route d’Esch. L-1470 


States to counter another ef- 
fect of the stronger Japanese 
currency — higher prices 
abroad for Japanese exports. 

A spokesman for Kobe 
Steel Ltd. said the company 
would sian malting the hy- 
dra ofic excavators it cur- 
rently exports to the United 
States at a plant in Georgia 
by the end of 1995. 

But production for other 
export markets would re- 
main in Japan, he said. 

Kobe Steel said it expect- 
ed to ship 260 hydraulic ex- 

The strong 
currency is also 
industries to 
shift production 

cava tors from Japan to the 
United States in tbe year 
ending in March 1995. 

Komatsu Ltd, tbe coun- 
try’s biggest maker of con- 
struction machinery, also 
plans to make more hydrau- 
lic excavators, wheel loaders 
and other machinery in tbe 
United Stales, a spokesman 

The company’s Komatsu 
Dresser Co. unit in Illinois 
plans 10 raise output to 
5,500 units this year from 
5,200 last year. 

Hitachi Construction Ma- 
chinery Ox plans to increase 
its hydraulic excavator pro- 
duction at a joint venture 
with Deere 8c Co. in North 
Carolina by 1 1.1 percent, to 
2,000 units this year, a 
spokesman said 

In another Wow to Ja- 
pan’s ailing steelmakers, 
meanwhile, Mitsubishi Elec- 
tric Corp- said it was step- 
ping up joint purchases of 
foreign-made specialty steel 
from several companies, 
mostly for use in electricity 

Bond Trade 
In Tokyo 
Opened to 

CoRpSed bp Dar Frtm Dupcicka 

TOKYO — In a bid to make 
the government bond market 
more efficient as new debt is 
issued to fund economic stimu- 
lus measures, Japan on 
Wednesday opened the inter- 
dealer broking business in yen 
bonds to foreign companies. 

The Ministry of Finance al- 
lowed Cantor Fitzgerald Securi- 
ties Ltd, a New York-based bro- 
kerage concern, and Garten 
Internationa] Ltd. based in 
London, to conduct match-mak- 
ing in the Japanese bond market. 

Previously, match-making in ‘ 
the yen bond market — acting 
as an intermediary between 
buyers and sellers — had been 
performed only by two Japa- 
nese brokers, Japan Bond Trad- 
ing Co. and Nakadachi Securi- 
ties Co. 

Cantor will be allowed to 
deal as well as broker, meaning 
it can buy and sell Japanese 
government bonds using its 
own account, as a “buyer of last 
resort” or if a broker misquotes 
a price to a customer. 

A buyer of last resort can buy 
securities from a customer 
when h can find no other buy- 
ers. The ministry has instructed 
Cantor to refrain from specula- 
tive trading in Japanese govern- 
ment bonds on its own account 

Mots liquidity in the yen 
bond market is essential to 
smooth issuance of bonds by 
the government, analysts said 

Faced with its worst reces- 
sion in decades, Japan has been 
implementing a series of eco- 
nomic pump-priming steps, 
causing government debt out- 
standing to shoot up to 193 tril- 
lion yen (51.94 trillion) as of 
March from 178 trillion yen a 
year earlier, according to Fi- 
nance Ministry official. 

Much of the debt is in the 
form of bonds, and fee installa- 
tion of a Socialist-conservative 
coalition government last week 
might increase bond issuance, 
analysts said. 

The entry of the foreign firms 
into Japan’s market could add 
pressure for reforms such as fee 
removal of double taxation on 
yen bonds, although such a 
move would probably take con- 
siderable time, analysts said 

(Reuters. Bloomberg) 

Investor’s Asia 

Hong Kong 

t300Q — : 

1 m\ 



m TuKVT 



Hong Kong 


Shafts Times 

Nikkei 225 

F M A 

New Zealand 

Sources: Reuters. 

Hang Seng 
Straits Times 


SET ' . 

Composes Stock 
Waited Price " 

Stock index 
National index 

1300c - 

Tjfjj 17£fifl 'FlTA fir iJ 

Wednesday Prev. % 
Dose ■ Close Change 

M5442 8J523.13 -1.95 

2,162*8 2,187-95 -1.15 

1,991.20 2,003.40 -0.61 

20,629.00 20,834-37 -0.99 

S9&36 1,004.06 -0.87 

1,297.45 1295.64 . *0,14 

953-48 960.49 0.73 

6,115.18 -6,064,95 +0.83 

ajBZTJBd 2395.16 +1,06 

45380 456-76 0.67 

1364.14 1,997.32 -0.66 

1,952.72 1,941-36 +0-58 

Imnuiiinal Hct«U Tntanc 

Very briefly: 

• Esso Production Malaysia Inc-, a subsidiary of Exxon Corp- 
plans to invest about $650 million in a natural gas field off the 
coast of Malaysia. 

• Ptrifipptoe Airlines Inc. fired 180 officers and members of its 
largest union, which represents baggage handlers and mechanics, 
causing tbe union to threaten to strike. 

• Honda Motor Co. agreed to set up an automaking venture wife 
Doogfeng Automotive Corp. in Guangdong Province in China. 

• Daewoo Corp. is negotiating with Iran on a joint venture that 
would produce 50,000 cars a year. 

• The Philippines has designated a third former U.S. military base. 
Camp John Hay, as a special economic zone; businesses operating 
in the zones get special tax benefits. 

• Banque Nationale de Arris plans to increase its derivatives 
services in Asia, especially fee development of custom-made 
swaps and options products. 

• India is unlikely to meet the government’s growth target of 6 . 
percent to 7 percent this year despite a strong rise in exports, 
according to an independent research firm. 

AP. Bloomberg. AFX. AFP 

Seoul Delays finance Mergers 


SEOUL — South Korea’s FI- 
nance Ministry said Wednes- 
day it had postponed plans to 
foster financial conglomerates. 

The ministry earlier planned 
to create financial giants, 
known locally as chaebol, by al- 
lowing mergers and acquisi- 
tions of financial companies to 
try to improve the sector’s abili- 
ty 10 compete globally. 

“But it is not appropriate to 
discuss fee introduction of fi- 

nancial conglomerates at this 
stage,” Yoon Jeung Hyon. di- 
rector-general of the ministry, 

“If we pursue the attempt ar- 
tificially, fee government would 
incur unnecessary criticism, 
and the chaebol would monop- 
olize the financial services sec- 
tor ” he said at a public hearing. 

A ministry official said the 
idea had been postponed rather 
than scrapped. 


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Oeman alias C3I M tree 
Indei Gaman m^dedane. 




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Return your connleied coupon to: SubnUun Manager, 

HT, ISI ArenueOnteJHwb, V2S2I NnAC«i«. " 
feue 33-1.46 37 06 51 - w 33.14637 93 &1 
ThteEer reams August 31, 199^, and a madath to new subscrien only 

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-i . 

Jays’ Coles Gels a Chance, 
Responds With 3 Homers 

A, _-*% 

ti A, 

: V ^ 

The Associated Pros 

Lookup Darnell Coles in the 
Baseball Who's Who and you 
find an entry that looks like 
something from a road atlas. 

He’s played with Toronto, 
Cincinnati, San Francisco, 
Pittsburgh, Seattle twice and 
Detroit, also twice. There have 
been stops along the way in 
Bellingham, Wausau, Bakers- 
field, Chattanooga, Salt Lake 
City, Calgaiy, Toledo, Phoenix 
and Nashville. 

For most of his 14-year ca- 
reer, he has been a utility play- 
er, patiently awaiting his call to 
play. Last season, he and Dick 
Schofield were the only mem- 
bers of the Blue Jays not to get 
into a single game in the play- 
offs or World Series. 

On Tuesday night, he got bis 

eighth and ninth. He joined 
71m Raines, Jose Canseco, Karl 
Rhodes, Cory Snyder and Jeff 
Bagwell this year. 

Paul Moliior hit bis second 
career grand slam and Joe Car- 
ter followed with his 18th 
homer of the season during a 


chance to play and he was de- 
termined that a dislocated fin- 

tennined that a dislocated fin- 
ger would not stop him. 

It didn’t 

Coles hit three home runs, 
becoming the sixth major lea- 
guer to do so this year, in lead- 
ing Toronto over die host Min- 
nesota TWins, 14-3. 

“I was just hoping I could 
play because my finger was 
barking at me all day," Coles 

He hurt the finger Monday 
night when he dove into first 
base. He was scheduled to start 
Tuesday while third baseman 

Ed Sprague was in California 
with his wife, who gave birth 
Monday, but the injury left his 
status in doubt 

"He said he was O.K., but 
there were a few guys who 
doubted whether he was telling 
the truth," said the manager of 
the Blue Jays, Ci to Gaston. 

Coles began the game batting 
.145 — 8-for-55 — with one 
homer and six runs batted in. It 
was his second three-homer 
game in the majors, the first 
coming in 1987 with Pittsburgh. 

Coles hit a two-run homer in 
the fifth inning and solos in the 

six-run seventh. Molitor also 
had two singles and a double. 

Juan Guzman (7-9) won for 
the first time since June 3. Pat 
Mahomes (7-4) was the loser as 
the Twins dropped their fifth in 
a row. 

Athletics 8, Yankees 7: (Je- 
ronimo Berroa's two-run homer 
in the seventh gave Oakland its 
victory in New York. The A’s 
have won 10 of 11 while the 
Yankees have lost five of six. 

Ruben Sierra also homered 
for the A's, while Man Nokes 
homered twice and Danny Tar- 
tabuli once for the Yankees. 
Paul O'Neill had four hits and 
is batting .373. 

Orioles 5, Mariners 2: Cal 
Ripken drove in two runs and 
Brady Anderson homered as 
Baldmroe, playing at home, 
again shut down Seattle's Ken 
Griffey Jr. and won its third in a 

Griffey, who leads the majors 
with 32 home runs, has gone a 
season-high 10 games without 
connecting. He is hitless in two 
straight games. The Mariners 
have also lost three straight 

Angels 10, Red Sox 3: Chris 
Turner, who began the game 
hatting .138, went 5-for-5 and 
became the first California 
catcher to steal home as the 
visiting Angels ended a 10- 
game losing streak against Bos- 
ton, which included seven de- 
feats this season. 

Turner doubled twice, drove 
in two runs and scored two. He 
came home as part of a double 

steal. Chili Davis hit his 16th 
homer and drove in three runs. 

Rangers 4, Imfians 3: Kevin 
Brown returned from visiting 
his ailing father in Georgia and 
tied a career high with 10 strike* 
outs as Texas beat visiting 

The Rangers scored twice in 
the sixth, with Rusty Gleet's 
run-producing single breaking a 
3-3 tie, and overcame three er- 
rors by third baseman Dean 
Palmer to win for the fifth time 
in six games. The Indians had 
won five in a row. 

Tigers 6, White Sox 2; White 
Sox 6, Tigers 4: Jade McDowell 
struck out a career-high 11 in 
only six innings ana Frank 
Thomas hit his 30th home run 
as Chicago salvaged a double- 
header split in Detroit. 

In the opener. Cedi Fielder 
and Tony Phillips homered in a 
four-run first inning for De- 

Royals 10, Brewers 5: Bob 
Hamehn homered, doubled and 
drove in three runs as Kansas 

City won at home. The Royals 
hit four doubles and Milwaukee 
hit six. 


Tf* Associated Press 

The New York Mets,, who 
-have won two World Senes pa 
their 33-year history, stfll dmrt 
have a no-bittex in then record 

All-Star Bret Sabahagea al- 
most changed that 

Saberhagen, who threw ano- 
hitter for the K ansas City 
Royals in 1991, pitched perfect 
ban for six Timing s Tuesday be- 
fore allowing a leadoff homer m 
the seventh to the Giants' Dar- 
ren. Leans in New York’s 4-2 
victory m S” 1 Francisco. _ 

He was the first Mcts pitcher 
to a perfect game into the 
seventh inning since Tom 
Seaver did it do Sept. 24, 1975. 

“I ctartral thmlcmg no-hitter 
gpmg into the fourth nnrin g^” 
Saberftagen said. “Tve been in 
that situati on before. The thing 
Is you don't want to d rink per- 
fect game.” 

“The one bad pitch I made 
was to Leads. Everything went 
then — the perfect game, the 
no-hitter and the shutout. You 
have to think no-hitter. I had a 

Saberhagen, who also al- ■. 
lowed a teadeff homer to Dave 
Martinez in the eighth, gave up ' 
only two hits in eight nmmgs.- 
struck out eight and walked 
none: He has struck Out 98 h& 
ters fins season wh3 e_wa Bdng 

just nine, a ratio of nemly -l m. . 

sdf offensively, witharuri-sdor- 
ing double for hfefnst majot 
league RBI m 110 at-bats. 

Consecutive two-oar singles 


by Joe. Oisulak, Bobby BosHte; 
and Jeff Kent off John Buxkie&-> 1-0 in the first Jnmagg - 
Ryan Thompson, Saberiiagen. 
and Jose Yizcarao Mt fwo-om ■ 
doubles in the sixth fan a 3-0 - 

Pfntes 3, Bravest: Jay BeSV 
two-run triple in Afiantagave 
Pittsburgh its victory in a game 
delayed by rain three tunes be-, 
fore it was called after 6% in- 
nings in file opener of a scfaefc; 

-v 'w. : - . .itstorijiMrt pretty rood idea of what I was 

\ wf > doing. I just didn't want to waDc 
• * -7 vb» euboc-ptcmt Lewis leading off, and I came in 

Raul Mondesi, right, was a wefl-h&Oed Dodger after Us homer in the 10th beat die Expos, with, a bad pitch." 

Major League Stanrflnga 


Tiger JeetMust Wrestle 
Now With Canadian Law 

The Associated Press 

TORONTO — Canadian police have issued an arrest 
warrant for Jagjit Singh Hans, one of the world's best-known 
professional wrestlers, who goes under the name Tiger Jeet 





Now York 

























Caatral Dtvtslan 


























































— - - * ■ 











Now York 










CanM HvWoa 











St Louts 















West DMsian 

Los Angelas 










San Frandsco 36 




San Diego 





Oakland 031 7M M*-l U 1 

mm York HI BM 0M— 7 9 2 

Rim. Taylor 13), vosbora (41, WMcti (6). 
Ed M ftltY (U and SMnboch; Mu&nHand. 
Horn* MLWIdarai (U and LeyrltxStaalav 
(S3. W— W skft. 2-5. L — Hants, M. Sv—Cck- 
raU8j. Now York. Tortahull (15).NOfc*s2<4>. 
HMdi BH 111 NM 8 I 

B MH ma re Ml m MM) II B 

Converse, King (5). M. Hill (7). T. Davit {•> 
cod D.WIIsaa; Mover. Mills (71. Lo. Smith (9) 
and Haim, w— Moyer, *8. L-Onwna M. 
Sv— la. Sm«i (an. HRs— Seattle, D. Wilson 
Q). Bdttmcitb ftrAadm (101. 
Miwuokse m n not— i 9 1 

Kona air 3*1 HI Hx-H ll ■ 

Weamon. Htnry (71, Lloyd (I), Navarra (8) 
and Surtwff; GuMaa Mooch cm ML S on ar 
(II and Moyne. W Moodwii, VI. L— weg- 
WU-U» t r io r (31. MR* — Kanos City, 
HanMi (13). 

Twrtfa an an at — m n • 

minima Hi Hi m-2 c 1 

Guzman. W. WtlUams [7>, TlmHn (9] and 
Knorr; Md— mw » (7), Carat H (71. 
Colon (II and WaJhocfc. w— Guzman, 7-9. 
L Mahomo.7-4. HR* — Toronto, Mol Bar (9), 
Carter (111, Colas 3 M.Koarr CSLMtoaeeMa. 
P. Manat (71. 

dt viand Ml 1H BBB-3 7 3 

Texas 2H HI H I II 1 

MCtataMcsu Ml and XAIomarr Brown and 
I. Rodriguez. W— Brawn. *4. L-M. Ctefc 93. 

MRt Colorado. Galarraga (3D. HJatmon 
(IB). Chlcan Grace (2), So ta (191. 

p iimwiH a hi H i i 
Aiwa Ml m n — 1 I 2 (7 kMhas, 

Meagle md SlaugM; Smoltz and O’Brien. 
W — Wa n gl e, Vi. L— Smoltz. *8. 

PMtodelskto MB BM Mfr-4 B 1 

SoaDtosa MB MB S»-7 ti B 

Mum. Oa-tar (7) and Lieberthal; HamU- 
tan, P. Martinez d) and Aanw. W-Hamll- 
foaM. L-MunU HRs-Sn Diego, Uv- 
Inastone (1), WHOam* C St. Lopez (2). 

urn, d. winon 

nei. ^ ^ ^ Japanese Leagues 

The warrant, charging conspiracy to commit fraud, was 
filed last week when police learned that Singh, 49. had left 
Canada. He is believed to be in Punjab in northern India or in 
Japan, sources in the Sikh community told the Toronto Star. 

Singh left the Canadian wrestling scene in the 1970s to 
compete in Japan, where he was so popular a comic strip was 
named after him. 

Court documents allege that between 1989 and 1992, Singh 
and three others conspired to commit fraud involving a town 
house and apartment complex in Edmonton, in the western 
Canadian province of Alberta. 

In an interview in September, Singh said he owned 178 

Tuesday's Line Scores 

Ftm Gama 

Chicago OH OH MB-8 B S 

Datren 41B MB BBm-« 9 1 

Sandman. McCaskJll (*), Cook (81 and 
Karkavlo*; Walti and Tefflafon. W— Weirs, 2- 
i L— Sanderson. 7-3. HRs— Oatrolt, PUIIm 
( 13L Fielder (19). Samuel (3). WWKUtar (111. 

apartments and 192 town houses in Alberta. Singh said he 
arrived in Canada in 1965 with eight Canadian dollars ($6) in 

arrived in Canada in 1965 with eight Canadian dollars ($6) in 
his pocket 

CMcoge BW MB MB— 4 M 1 

Delralt 2M M2 BBB— I 7 1 

McDowell DeLeon (7J. AawnmadMT (8), 
H er nan de z (91 and LaVtdHeie: Gehr, Soever 
(51. Codarvt (71 imd Krwder.W M cOoralL 
*7. L— Gahr. 2-L , W H a iraUr if). 
HRs— QilengA Tbomoa (301. 

CMHorMo B2) BH IBB— IB 17 8 

Boston BM MB BIB-3 « 2 

Pkiley. M. Letter (9) and C Tomer; Has- 
kettL Trlleek (71. Valdez (9) aid Rowland. 
W— Finley, M. L — Heaketts VS. HR* — CaB- 
fcrnlaC Davis (T4X BostoaJn. Volenlln (51. 

Now Vorfl MB BH Ml — 4 U B 

Saa FiaKba BM MB 118-8 2 1 

SabartMBMii Franco (9) aid Handler; Bur- 
kett. Frey (8), MonMoona (71 and Reed. 
W Sabortio—i. 9-4. L-Barlatt 5-7. 

3V franco (IYJ.HR* — Son F ra n dic a Lewis 
CD. Martinez (3). 

UlMranl BH BM BH B— 1 2 1 

Log A egil n 1M HI BM 1—8 3 8 

OB lanlnss) 

Panaab WatWart (10) and WeDatar; Arta- 
cJa Valdes (9) aad Plena, w V aldes. 1-0. 
L— W etlalond. 24. H Ili M ui lm il WefeHer 
(4). Un Angeles. Mondesi (14). 

Cied — n t i 2M m an-* n * 

Hortda BH BH BU-4 9 t 

Schoamk, J. Ruffln (71. DeLudo (9) aid 
Derseft; Haugib Dndiman (SI. Muth (71, R. 
Lewis (9) and Santiago. W Sdw u nefc. 4-1. 
L — Hoeglv 54. HRs— OndnnfaL Larkin («), 
Morris M), Ml lcheM 2 (21). T. Fernanda (». 
Florida ShatMd (17). 

Heesfoa MB m M*-8 < • 

SL Leals BM BH BBB— 1 4 B 

Homtsctv TO. Janes (7), Hedek (9J and Ser- 
vets; P M arlaa C versgerd m and Pngnae tl . 
W ik m lsc M I.L P o M d aa 1-7. 9v— Hwd»k 
(131. HRs-Hautav BJggta (5), Finley (9). 
Ol l Wil l BH BH BW— 9 13 1 

CMLOBU 3*1 9B1 Bfl — 8 9 B 

RllaBlalr (7) and GlranB; Pastor, BawMsta 
U). Crtm (7). Pksac (7), Ihhy in and WD- 
Wna W— RRz,2-4 L-Crtm,VXSv— Bkdr (3). 

W L T 



Yamiurt 45 34 a 



OwnlcM 35 33 0 



Yakslt 35 33 0 



Yokohama 32 38 0 


Hiroshima 27 37 B 



HanNi In 29 40 B 



TtosNrt Results 

Yamfurf X Htmstrtn & M Innings 

Qnjrtctil 7. Yakurr < 

H trash Ima X Yokohama 5 

VtaosBays Rnm 


Yamiurt X Hanshln 1 
YatcuO X ChimlcN B 
Yokohama 4, Hiroshi mo 1 

Partite League 

W L T 



Mba 41 25 0 



Dalai 3B 29 ft 



arts 38 33 0 



Kintetsu 30 38 1 



Lotte . 30 37 0 



Nippon Ham v 28' 42 T" 

377 ' 


Taniity*s Rastas 

Dalai IX Lotto 2 
Kintetsu X Nippon Ham 1 

WdsM*u‘J Result 


SsBxj 17, Orb 0 
DaM X Lotto 2 
Ktatetsu X Nippon Hmn 3 


Tow de France 

ZG-MaMtL same Urns; TO, Frankie Andres. 
United StutaaMotoralcLBara time; rutotaB 
Museeavc, Betahen. GB-MG, soma Nme; 12, 
Jasper Skttby, DnawLTVA same time; 
IX PM Anderson, AurtraRa. Matoroia sane 
tfcne; 14,Ahra*wmOlaiaSPOla M Hel O oa 
same ttme; is. Ert k Dektac. HeNwriaida 
WortfeerfecL same Hme. 

Ovendi MosdkMs: I.FtavtoVaralta, IMv, 
GB-MG, 17 haura M mtoutea « i Waft X 
jahan Museeaw, Belgium, GG-MG. 4 mean* 
behind; X Missel Indurc*vSpcrtrv Boneda 
14; A Raff Saransra. Denmark, GB-MG.23; S, 
Lance Anzmraaltmttd State Mataata, 28; 
A Steve Bauer, Canada Motorola 31 ; 7. Ai^ 
OMadPs Lai Cuevas, Prac a CaGoramaai; 
A TWemr Marla Rooea Oastorama 37; 9. 
Smi YOIk Brtiafeb Motorola 9H Ml Tony 

bock; Jason PMBlPS. wide recetwer.aod Per- 
ry KMbv quartertxxdL Rstansd Jonathan 
Genoa defenatve Bneman. 

NEWORLEAWS Binn ed M arts B atenm - 
nlng back. Is tt u a s year contract 
PHILADELPHI A W arned Chock Banker, 
dimeter at mo personneL Named Jo* Banner, 

TAMPA BAV— Haasd wma Groan, wHe. 
rec e iver, in one year umlnrt 

BOSTON H— d Mlk* crCameH 

11. Frankte Andrea Undod State Mrrtor- 
01043; 12, Thomas Povy.FrnncoCa ita ramo 
43; IX Joan-Franeol* Barnard. Franca Bw 
la 44; 14, Malddnr Mauri Spoki. Banada 
49; IX Fitmca vena Italy. GB-MG. 5L 

VANCOUVER— Steed JvtM Lomasade- 
■ i se nn i ii tn iniitn rsnr mnt rn rf 

ADELPHI— Jodi tank women's assls- 

BALL STATE AlHon Stanford, women's 

CAL ST-LONG BEAC H — Named Dave 
OVrten atMettc director. 

FRANKLIN PIERCE— Beb dMaar. wom- 
en's v u llevb QB caactk ratan d. 
GARDNER-WEBD Named Jeff Boren M- 

NEW YORK— Put Don MoH ta gty, first 

— — if b 1 — • 

uumiiton> on uhxjt qiimupo nn* t itiuuum 
to June 30. 


INDIANA STATE— Larry Nowfto, aests- 
tant basehaU doocH. resigned.. 

QUINNIPI A C — Na med Lena Jahna wam- 
atfb voUevbaH coqdk 
WAGNER— Named Scott Fielder men’s £«*- 

■Mil MM* 

WASHINGTON— Hamad ' Matt Anger. 

DALLA S Na m ed KIpM u ti uo s di tontooartL 
HOUSTON— Flrsd Jay GaWMiik meefla re- 

IriW n in a JW/Wt* imd Tt% . .al. .. — 

IQlKJia un CUM; Qua HI UURnB. 

WASHINGTO N Ha m a d Derek SmHh as- 
SWant coach imd Kevin Jobnswr fratoer... ; 

NaBemB FoatbaH Le as oe - 
ATLANTA— Stoned Boto Gn sUonoowtor- 


- * onb-Opf CMEMMfe 1BT ■ V 
Australia 9X Franc* 0 

!.Fra n d sai Cab e» o^Spate,Kslma5hnwrs.12 
minute 53 seconds; X Emmanuel Maanlea 
Franca CoNoram a lPBBcandsheklnd; X Fto- 
vto VdnzsDa Italy. GB-MG, same time; 
Ort sl o p ha i Boardma n, Britain. GAN, 33; X 
Enrico Zatna, Italy. Gewlss-Baiton, same 
time; X SlMa Marttaena Italy, Mwattu eu 
Una 38. 

X DtameUdkw Abdoulaparav, Uzbaktotaa 
Pom, same ftoej X Rod Aldas. GernKmy, 
Trtefcom. s ome Hm e; 9, Stefano Co toga lltdy. 


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to subscribe 
and save. 

Just call toll-free . 

0 800 2703 

' Bdl had one of only two hits 
off John Smoltz, who went as^ 
en inning s and gave up three 
runs — two earned — walked 
four and struck out six. 

Doiot Neagle gpe up four 
hits — three to David Justice— 
as the Pirates snapped a three- 
game losing streak. But they ; 
hare beaten the Braves six of 
seven tones this season. 

Asteoa 3, CuAds 1: Pete 
Hamisch and two relievers 
combined cm a four-hitter in St 
Lanas, and Steve Finlttr had a 
hntne run and two RBIs as 
Houston wan its f ourth straight 
while handing the Carifinafo 

their fourth straight loss. 

Craig Biggie led off the game 
with his fifth home run and Fin- 
ley hit his ninth leading off the 


Bodies 9, Grin 6: Pinch-hitr 
ter Howard Johnson tied the 
game in Chicago with a three- 
run homer and Andres Galar- 
raga hit Ins 23d homer to cap a 
six-run seventh (or Colorado. 

Chicago's Mark Grace hit a 
three-run homer in the first off 
Kevin Ritz and Sammy Sosa 
had a sold shot in the third. 

Keds 9, Martins 4: In ^Mumi, 
Kevin Nfitchell fait twO of his' 
team's fire home runs as Cin- 
cinnati woa~ftar Tilth' straight 
and Florida, lost its fourth 

[ Padres 7, PHks 2: Eddie. 
ball last Call after bring -out 
the nuyims file previous fine? 
seasons, fail his first career 
grand dam as San Diego beat 

WilKams, hitting J7S with 
fire homers and 19 RBIs since . 
bring prompted three- weeks 
*qo, homered off Bobby Munoa 
with two outs in the fifth. 

Dodgers 2, Expos 1: Raid 
Mondesi homered off John 
Wettehnd with one out in the 
10th in Los Angeles after Mon- 
treal starter Jeff Fassero had 
retired 22 consecutive hitters. - 


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The Tour in England, 

By Samuel Abt ter 23 (MBe 14) of the rolling 
iniemateaai HmU Tribune and twisty stage and saw only 

BRIGHTON. England — one rival again until he looked 

ter 23 (Mile 14) of the rolling plause. He now ranks J7th 
and twisty stage and saw only overall. 

Like the Wife of Bath, the Par- back at the finish line and real- 
doner and the Man of Law. the ized that the neatest rider was 

one rival again until be looked The stage started at the 1 itb- 
back at the finish line and real- century Dover Castle, complete 

Tour de France traveled to 
Canterbury. Hus Royal Tun- 
bridge Wells. And the Garden 
of England in southern Kent 

20 seconds behind. 

It might have been even 
worse for the unbelieving spec- 

wjth moat drawbridge, slits for 
archers and opportunities for a 
tourist to have a photograph 
taken with a soldier in scarlet 

Also POtdown, hometown of Cabeilo at Kilometer 55 (Mile 
the hoax prehistoric man. 34) rode most of the remaining 
This was the Tour’s iiisi visit 149 kilometers (92 miles) with 
to England in 20 years and only him and then finished second 
the second in the bicycle race's was Emmanuel Magnien of the 
91-year history. Organizers* Castorama team, 
predictions that a million peo- “A Freochie?” would have 
pie would watch Wednesday’s been the incredulous cry if 
stage were spot on. as they say Magnien had won. “A Fren- 

i *1 .' v .- m 

tator since the rider who joined tunic. The stage ended on Old 
Cabdlo at Kilometer 55 (Mile Sterne in Brighton, hard by the 
34) rode most of the remaining grotesque and enchanting Roy- 
149 kilometers (92 miles) with a] Pavilion ordered bum by 
him and then finished second George IV in the early J800s. 
was Emmanuel Magnien of the In short, Olde England. 
Castorama team. The Tour’s two-day visit has 

“A Frenchie?” would have been five years in the planning 
been the incredulous cry if to avoid an embarrassing repe- 

!f V v:^|4 : i ^'pv 

- v/f& ‘ : 



So, on this day so full of Bri- 
tannic resonance, who won the 
204-kilometer (127-mile) stage 
from Dover to Brighton? 

“A Spaniard?” asked a spec- 
tator, his voice rising in disbe- 
lief. “A Spaniard?” 

chie?” Again correct. 

titioD of the 1974 stage here, 
which was scheduled to publi- 

Cabellowas timed in 5 hours, cize French artichokes. Then. 
12 minutes, 53 seconds for his the riders were shunted off fer- 
ride on an overcast and cool ties and onto an unopened 
afternoon that later turned into highway, where they raced uu- 

a drizzle, a perfect English sum- 
mer’s day. 

der the eyes of 25,000. 

This time the organizers got it 

Correct Welcome to the new seconds behind and in third 

Finishing with Magnien. 20 right, closing roads, selling the 

__ __ Manm Ktrac Apmr Fnaux-Pte-c 

tbe Tour de France returned to England after a 24-year absence, with the cyclists greeted by cheering crowds as they pedaled through Dover. 

Europe. Francisco Cabeilo, a 
25-year-old rider for the Kelme 
team with one previous victory 
in his five-year career as a pro- 
fessional racer, was the Span- 
iard in the works. 

He deserved his easy victory, 
too. Cabeilo broke away from 
tbe 184 other riders at KOome- 

place. was Fla vio Vanzella, an 
Italian rider for the GB-MG 

fans beforehand on tbe Tour's 
attractions, rilling the skies with 
television's helicopters and ra- 
dio relay planes. Traffic into 

Because of that team’s vie- and out of Heathrow Airport 
tory in the time trial Tuesday, was even rerouted and delayed 

Vanzella had ranked fourth 
overall, 22 seconds behind. He 

to give the Tour airspace. 

The blitz worked and the 

took over the yellow jersey of crowds were even vaster than ■ 
the leader from his teammate, they have been so far in France.' 

Bids for N. Y. Teams and Garden Get Serious , and Surprising 

Johan Museeuw, when the Bel- If only Boardman or tbe other 
gian finished with the pack, an- Englishman in the race, Sean 
other 18 seconds behind. Van- Yates of the Motorola team. 

By Murray Glass . fifth bidder was Laurence A 

_Wew York Tuna Service Tisdh, chairman of (HR Inc. — 

NEW YORK — The bidding acting as an individual investor 
has apparently been narrowed or with members of his famil y 
to five prospective buyers for not with CBS. . 

Madison. Square Garden arena, Tbe two executives, each d 
the New York Knicks and New whom 1ms ties to professional 
York Rangers sports teams and sports, spoke Tuesday on the 
the MSG cable television net- condition of anonymity- 
work, according to two New - Madison Square Garden, tbe 
York business executives fanril- two team; and the cable nct- 
iar with some aspects of the work are bang sold by Viacom 
sale. Inc., which became their owner 

The two executives, who after acquiring Paramount 
spoke separately and have no Communications earlier this 
business ties to each other, year. • 
named four of the same bidders The first round of bidding 

as finalists: liberty Media ended last week. One of the 
Corp.; Nike Inc.; a partnership executives said- the primary 
of Cablevirion Systems Corp. function of that round was to 
and ITT Hartford insurance; determine how serious the vari- 
and a partnership of Tbe New ous bidders were. He said he 
..York' Times- Co. and Delaware . did not hayeinfqnmation on the 
^Narth Cos., a sports conces- amountpf tbe bids, but said the 
surname whose holdings include safe price was expected to fall 
die Boston Garden. - • • short of Viacom’s announced 

winding up between $600 m2- rues were said by their offict 
lkm and $700 million. be in meetings or traveling 

Several bidders that have ap- not available for comment. 

— * <?-. v%.i 

rues were said by their offices to bid was successful, The Tunes 
be in meetings or traveling and Co. might have to own the 

up the largest cable operation in 
the world. Tele-Communica- 

zdla also gained right bonus 
seconds for third place and now 
leads Museeuw by 4 seconds. 
In third place overall, 14 sec- 

had won. 

“A Spaniard?” the man cried. 
• The enormous caravan of 
the Tour de France’s support- 

m trnrd place overall, 14 sec- roe lour de rrance s support 
onds behind, is Miguel Indur- ing vehicles ran into trouble a 

or with members of his family, patently made the new short list 

parently made the new short list Delaware North, with $1.1 

not with CBS. . ' were expected to be there, in- billion in revenues, has food 

Tbe two executives, each of chiding the cable television pro- service operations throughout 
whom has ties to professional grammer Liberty Media, theca- the world but is best known for 
sports, spoke Tuesday on the ble systems operator its sports involvement. The 
condition of anonymity. Gablevision and the sports shoe company, founded in 1915 and 

- Madison Square Garden, tbe maker Nike. But tbe names of based in Buffalo, N.Y.. owns 
two teams and the cable net- The Tunes Co. and Delaware the Boston Garden, home of the 
work are bring sold by Viacom North came as surprises. OfS- Boston Celtics basketball team 
Inc., which became their owner rials at both companies had lit- and the Boston Bruins hockey 
after acquiring Paramount tie to say about pursuing the team. 

Communications earlier this arena and sports package. The company also operates 

year. • “We never comment about concessions under the name 

The first round of bidding any potential acquisitions or di- Sports Service at various sites, 
ended last week. One of the westi tares,” said william Adler, in chiding tbe new baseball sia- 
execu fives said- the primary a spokesman for The Times Co. di urns in Cleveland and Ariing- 
function of that round was to Sam Gifford, vice president ton, Texas, 
determine how serious the van- for public affairs for Delaware Jacobs, the chairman of Del- 
ous bidders were. He said he North, said Joemy Jacobs, the aware North, personally owns 
did not have information an the company chairman, was on va- the B rains of the National 

Rangers, with Jacobs and his tions has interests in more than a™* winner of the last three it was brought from France to 
firm having no involvement. a dozen regional sports net- _ England via the new Eurotun- 

Otherwise, the two parties works, including some it owns \ fans Boardman, the En- nel in the early hours of 
could deride how lo divide jointly with Cablevision and ghshnm who wore the yellow Wednesday. Agence France- 

could decide bow to divide 
management and ownership of 
the Knicks, the Garden and the 

liberty Media tried unsuc- 

MSG network, which among cessfully last year to get major 
other things, carries New York league baseball’s television con- 

Tours. England via the new Eurotun- 

Chris Boardman, tbe En- nel in the early hours of 
glishman who wore the yellow Wednesday. Agence France- 
jersey from the moment he won Fnesse reported, 
the prologue to the three-week Although the ferrying of (he 
Tour last Saturday until the competitors had gone without a 
team time trial, did his best to hitch, some 1,200 vehicles and 

some 1,200 vehicles and 

vi iP’ j league baseball s television con- justify the encouragement of 90 motorbikes, which are pan 

Boston Celtics basketball team 1^2 lr ? cL 9? m " the enormous crowds along the of the event, were blocked for 

LL 2 " y “ r ' 5486 mm,on flady rebuffed hs effort, route. “Go tor iu Chris- and sever*] boors on Otc French 

The first round of bidding any potential acrmisitions or dr- 
eaded last week. One of the westitures,” said william Adler, 
executives said- the primary a spokesman for Tbe Tiroes Co. 

executives said- the primary 
function of that round was to 
determine how serious the vari- 
ous bidders were. He said be 

cracl - ^ its members even failing to 

A newspaper company’s show up for a scheduled meet- 
ownership of a professional ing in New York. Instead, tbe 
team would not be unique: The committee negotiated a deal for 
Tribune Co. of Chicago, for ex- a joint operation with NBC and 
ample, has owned the Chicago ABC 

“Good luck. Boardman” read 
several signs held up by tbe 


‘Hie crossing should have tak- 

Sam Gifford, vice 
for public affairs for 

safe price was expected to fall 
short of Viacom’s announced 

North, said Jeremy Jacobs, the aware North, personally 
compaity chairman, was on va- the Br uins of the Ns 
cation and not available for Hockey League. 

comment. *Tm aware of noth- 
ing^" Gifford said: — 

Because the NHL has a rule 
against conflicting ownerships. 

One of the executives said price of $1 When, perhaps Officials of the other comps- if the Times-Delawarc North 



e mewmo, 


on Page 5 


Attention visitors 
■ from the US- 1 - 

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Real Estate in the 
South of France 

French Riviera & Monaco 

Friday, July 8 

For more information, 
or to place an ad, call tbe IHT in Paris: 
Tel.: (I) 46 37 93 85 
Fax: (l) 46 37 93 70 

Cubs baseball team since 1981. . , 

U the Cableviaon-ITT Hart- “2 ' rcs * hcd 

ford bid was successful, those 

companies, too, mi^ht have to sta °^ s 

dividVthe componits. lo receive $528 million from Je 

■ c_„ rl . merger. He has four sons; his 

riS«nl? V wMch like MSG is a brother, Robert, owns 50 per- 

cart ^ lb* New York GiSnts 
sports network, and oncol tne foMha n 

executives said that might raise ,oolbail leam - 
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ver, has ties to Tele-Communi- Tisch’s CBS, while Tisch bids 
cations Inc. Both are controlled for the part of Paramount that 
by John C. Malone and make Viacom is eager to sell. 

spectators, many of them en just 90 minutes, but tempers 
schoolchildren in lies and jack- frayed and angry reporters, 
ets. photographers, television crews 

He did go for it, storming and officials stuck in the jam 
away from the pack just before began hooting their horns. 

it reached Brighton and riding 
strongly enough to finish 

An official later said the de- 
lays had been caused by **a 

fourth, to considerable ap- technical problem ” 

Burrell Breaks 100 Mark 

LAUSANNE (AP) — Leroy Burrell of the United Slates 
broke the world record in the 100 meters Wednesday, trim- 
ming one-hundredth of a second off the mark in winning the 
race in 9.85 seconds at an IAAF Grand Prix meet 

Carl Lewis, who did not compete, held the record of 9.86, 
set in 1991. 

Davidson Ezinwa of Nigeria, who previously held ihe 
world’s fastest time this year, was second. 


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The Penally for Mexico : 

A 3-1 Shootout Victory by 

Undermanned Bulgaria 

icnn-Loup Gaaircau Agence France-Ptcne: MjfV tcnnchin/Thc Awodaled P i m. Piezo 1 Eafidiu/The A rexirtnri PnaKTnn Ony/Agence RliilirJVeaM 

Hristo Stoitchkov, above left, and his Bulgarian teammate Emil Kremenliev, being comforted by Nasko Sirakov, bad problems. witb die referee, Jamal Shane. _ 
But the real headaches were those of the officials who had to replace the damaged Mexican goal in the first half, and of Mexico’s fans at the end of die match. 

Italy’s Struggle Shakes Its Sons in San Francisco 

International Herald Tribune 

S AN FRANCISCO — The room was 
shuttered like a funeral parlor. Its 40 or 
so occupants, aS male and all fixated by 
soccer, were draped across chairs, hopeless 
if not lifdess. 

For 88 of the 90 minutes, the large 
screen monopolizing their attention 
brought despair. Nigeria was threatening 
to put Italy out of the World Cup, and 
there seemed nothing the latest sullen 
apology for an Italian national team could 
do about it. 

The men were sitting in a first floor 
room of the downtown San Francisco Ath- 
letic Club. No one but sons of Italian 
fathers can — 

*•*> ar • ' 


a member- 
ship 1 ,000, a waiting list 200 — but Italians 
share the American ethic that there is no 
harm in co-opting foreign nationals in pur- 
suit of winning. 

An imposing picture in the lounge bore 
testimony to what Nigerian pace and pow- 
er can achieve when harnessed to the Ital- 
ian desire to win. Three gifted Nigerian 

S ayers, Tony Igwe, Andy Attuegbu and 
hitoyin Hunter, had accepted San Fran- 
cisco University scholarships allowing 
them to play for the San Francisco Athletic 

' As the wall photo shows, the San Fran- 
cisco Athletic Club's finest hour came with 
the 1976 U.S. Open Championship in soc- 
cer. America’s oldest exclusive Italian 
club, SFAC attracted the full internation- 
als Igwe and Attuegby, and the student 
Hunter through university scholarships. 

But it is one thing to win with Nigerians, 
quite another to lose to them. Thus, on 
Monday, the members went through a 

range of emotions, from desolation to self- 
mocking derision to prayer to ultimate joy 
and relief. 

No one personified the struggle more 
than Gaetano Tarantino. At 73 years of 
age, a UJS. resident for more than half his 
lifetime, Tarantino expresses bis football 
passion, as most of his friends did, first 
and foremost in the Italian language. 

His moods of hope and despair seemed 
as volcanic as Mount Vesuvius. Approach- 
ing noon, the meter on Italy’s dock run- 
ning out, Roberto Baggio suddenly lived 
up to his billing as the country's, the 
world's, most honored match winner. 

His namesake but no relation, Dino 

S o, had burst behind the double- 
id Nigerian defense. And when Dino 
passed the ball back to the edge of the 
penalty box, there was Roberto, so unbe- 
lievably calm and precise that he scored 
with almost imperious grace and ease. 

Now Roberto Baggio was alternating from 
dehydrated cramp in his legs to irresistible 
creativity. And now our friend Tarantino 
was in staccato voice as a co-commentator: 
“Bellissimo, Roberto, bellissuno!" 
“Attend! Atteatini! Attentini!” 

“Oi, oi, d, oil’ 

His voice carried above all others. He 
played every ball, was alert to every dan- 

By Bill Plaschke 

L& Angela Tbna Serrke 

The bUs were silenced. Hundreds o£ thou- 
sands of them, from Los Angdes to Mexi- 
co City to midfield at Giants . Stadium, 
went unchanietL 

The cry that far a month had canoed a 
hopeful nation and its former citizens try- 
ing in the United States was rendered as 
sde&l as goalkeeper Jorge Campos’s muf- 
fled cries into the thick grass.As silent as 
Alberto Garcia Aspe as he .buried his face 
in his hands. 

As silent as the Mexican soccer team in 
the final minutes of its World Cup second- 
round Tnatf^h against Bulgaria. 

The Mexicans had more stars, more 
skill, even more players at one paint — yet 
the Bulgariahs-nad two more successful 
penalty lacks, giving them a 3-1 shootout 
victory in a game that had ended 1-all after 

Bulgaria, with no victories in 16 World 
Cup match before tins year, finds itself in a 
quarterfinal Sunday against defending 
champion Germany. Mexico finds itself 
with a lot of explaining to do. 

After celebrating on the field with a 
gum* game of puc-on, the Bulgarians 
walked off as if dazed. TheMesdcans need- 
ed to be helped off by their coaches and 
trainers, Campos remaming face down and 

motionless on the ground in front of the 
goal for several minutes. ' 

A crowd of of 71,030, mostly Mexican 
fans, watched without a word.' 

..“There is a lot of pain," said Lois Ro- 
berto Alves, the f (award known as Zague. 
“It is the wrong ending.” 

It was an ending, in fact, that was more 
difficult for the Mexicans to handle than 
the 120 minutes of bump-and-grind soccer 
forced on them by the Bulgarians. 

“I do not have the courage to face what 
has happened right now,” said Aspe, who 
mane afternoon experienced tlm gamut of 
emotions felt by Mexican fans during timer 
giddy ride through tins tournament ' • ' 

In the 18th minute, Aspe. was a hero, 
tying the game with a penalty kick after 
Bulgarian star Hristo Stoitchkov had 
scored on a 15-yard shot 11 mnmtes earli- 

But as the first shooter in the five-goal 
shootout, Aspe was a failure. 

Because with .nothing but' 12 meters of 
grass between him and Bulgarian goal- 
keeper Borislav Mihaylov, with. Mihaylov 
required to stand still until the ball was 
touched, Aspe still missed the shot 

Worried at the last second about Ms 
decision to kick the ball to the left side of 
the goal, as he had done on his previous 
penalty lock, Aspe hesztaied. . % 

The ball left his foot and soared high 
over the goal. A fiai-butmiss. 

He looked toward the sky and covered 
his face with his hands, as if he knew what 
'was commg.'Ahd it was;— - — 

Even though Campos made a brilliant 
save of Bulgaria’s first penalty' lock, Mi- 
haylov made an equally marvelous save on 
Mexico’s next two. 

Bulgaria then connected on its next 

three, dmchMg the victory without need- 
ing a final kick. .. 

^1 am very sad,” Aspe said. l am very 

a *^£yiov, who had allowed three goals 
in the match against Nigeria m the firs* 
round, was so happy he wanted to fass 

So^AouaK a lot of somebody 
“I- want to kiss my entire nation, he 

Mexico’s coach, Miguel Mejia Baron, 
attempts that soon with Ms countrymen. 

He could not devise astrategy to lead his 
♦~rn to Victory over a Bulgarian squad 
that began the pme minus three starters 
because of yellow card sus p en si ons. 

He could not take advantage of a fourth 
B ulgarian loss, when Emil Kremenlievwas 
sent out of the game with a second yellow 
card in the 50th minute. 

And he would not take advantage of two 

fresh stars on Ms bench, the legendary 
veteran Hugo SAnchez and top playmaker 
Cados Hermosfllo. -_'/•• 

Even with hisplayers obviously exhaust- 
ed during the overtime period, Baron re- 
fused to ™ke any substitu tions while hf 
Bulgarian counterpart, Dimrtar Penev, 
madethe allowed two. 

One of those substitutes, Bontcho 
Guentchev, rng rte good on one of Bulgar- _ 
ia’s penalty locks. 

“we gave everything we had,” Aspe 

said. “We woe exhausted. What happened 

after that was up to the coach.” 

Sftnchez, who watched the game while 
K«tening to in te r mi ttent crowd chants of, 
“Hu-go! Hu-go!” was not so diplomatic. 

' “1 fdt very, very impotent,” he said. “I 
.was very angry. I do not understand.” 

Neither did Ms country’s president, Car- 
los SaKnax dc Gortari, who issued a state- 
ment in Mexico Gty saying: “Maybe if we 
had reinforced our forwards when Luis' 
Garda was expelled, we would have had 
more opport uni ties.” • 

Also hard to understand was Mexico's 
apparent willingness to join Bulgaria in 
playing for a tie. 

This happened not only after Garcia 
had beenlorced out of the game with a 
second yeDow card at the 58th minute, 
evening the sides at 10-each. This hap- 
pened even during dm eight minutes when 
" the Mexicans had a (mo-man advantage. 

When asked why he had played for a tie, 
Baron said, “Are you asking me or telling 
me? Mexico never plays for a tie, but for a 
. win."' ‘ 

But then, why (fid Mexico take lOshots 
in the fust 45 prinutes and only nine in th^ 
last 75 minutes? 

— Why, ia 120 minutes against a team 
zmssing three strong defenders, did Mexico 
take just three tints inside the 18-yard; 
penalty areal ' , . 

Lock for the answer to these questions; 
and more, in discussions that will occur 
south of the Border ova* the next, oh, four 
years. .«• ■ 

“We are proud,” said rmdffeider Luis. 
Vfildez. “But now, we have to face the 

ger, acclaimed every attack, every defen- African football needs to convincingly 
sive repelling of the Nigerians’ flickering overhaul the likes of Europe, 
efforts to recapture what was theirs. For now, Italy had found its game in the 

And when, 1 1 minutes into extra time; nick of tim e- The concensus in the room 

mng^Stom trophy is «JTk£ger a ^ roadcmeqoally marvelous save on areproud,” said midfidder 

matteTof ^It bWw a mietffohof M«K»’snex* two. ■ Vfilda. “But now, we have to fact 

woridliness; Nigeria displayed'^mredcfll, Bulgaria then connected on it. nett facta.” 
but contiderably less know-how, wiliness 

2™^ r God Was a Bulgarian Today , ’ 

empting rashness is the last requirement ^ _ . • ■- -. . m m r* • _ ' — 

Roberto Baggio again, and finally, broke 
the deadlock, the old man was on his fee*, 
on a trip back to his childhood. 

Baggio crafted a delicate, cheeky little 
loop of the ball over a Nigerian defender's 
head. The defender turned clumsily, pan- 
icking. From behind, he oollided Italy’s 
adventurous fullback, Antonio Benarrivo. 

Penalty, signaled the referee, Arturo Bri- 

In San Francisco, men young and mid- zio Carter, an arbiter who had not for the 

die aged cavorted, danced, kissed. 

All except one. At the moment Robert 
Baggio’s low shot went in, a maroon-clad 
figure dived to the floor. Head first, face 
flat down on the carpet, it was momentari- 
ly an unnerving sight What had gotten 
into Gaetano Tarantino? Had his heart 
given way to the tension, the excitement 

Not likely. Tarantino was kissing the 
ground, intoning the name: “Roberto! Ro- 
berto! Roberto!” 

The old man of the gathering regained 
his composure. Baggio's goal was only the 
equalizer to one scored more than an hour 
earlier by Emmanuel Am unike for Nigeria. 
Had Nigeria not done die Italian job on 
Italy — mounted a constant defensive vigil 
— one felt that the Africans’ physical 

first time this World Cup wafted yellow 
and red cards with an abandon that 
seemed more intent on scoring personal 
brownie points for officiousness than in- 
terpreting FIFA’s letter of the law. 

Indeed, Carter sent off Gianfranco Zola 
when the Italian had, at worst, jumped in 
front of an opponent The language in 
downtown San Francisco was a deeper 
shade of blue — but strangely enough in 
English — than I am entitled to repeat 

Suffice it to say that Bririo Carta's 
parentage was questioned. Baggio’s nerve 
was not Half the Italians in the SFAC did 
not dare look as Baggio strode serenely to 
take Lhe penalty shot He Mt it with his 
right foot even more precisely than be had 
his first goal, and directed the ball into the 

For now, Italy had found its game in the 
nick of time. The concensus in the room 
was that Arrigo SaccM confuses simplicity 
with strategy, that the coach’s nursings on 
theory stifles rather than liberates talented 

The critics have a point SaccM is good 
company, a plausible man who nonethe- 
less needs to learn quickly that it is players, 
a blend of players, that goes furthest. 

Going nowhere but home, the Nigeri- 
ans. Long after the final relief for the San 
Francisco aficionados, I found it hard to 
erase African disapporntment from my 
mind. Sunday Oliseh, 19, is a fine, exhu- 
berant, athdtic World Cup novice whose 
striving to protect a lead against Italy dis- 
solved into pained sadness. 

His face quivered as he fought the un- 
equal fight to hold back tears. In the end he 
let them flow. But by then the Italians in 
San Francisco, men with an inright into 
the heart, body and potential of the Afri- 
cans, had gone out to revel 

Rob Bi^ha b on thtttaff cfThc Tlata. 

Says the Winners 9 Stoitchkov 

Lor Angela Times Service “I don’t have any particular strategy,” 

EAST RUTHERFORD, NJ. — When said Mihaylov, who plays dub soccer for 
Bulgaria barged into the 24- team field by Mulhouse, of the French Second Division, 
upsetting France in Paris last November, it “I jurikic*.atthefootof the playa who is 
wasdecLu^amiradebadchoinc. Sohow going to take the penalty kick and I try to 
to describe the victOTy ova Mexico? move in that direction.” .. 

Striker Hristo Stoitchkov could think of,' Fadw said than done; at Mexico's Jorge 

only one explanation: - Campos could have told him. 

“God was a Bulgarian today ” . • v Gmqxw anTectly giiessedr Letdikov 

Said goalkeeper Borislav Mihaylov, would go f cur the right side of the net, but 
“Tactically, we played in the best possible ' Letcfckov kicked the ball over the goal- 
way. I think Mexico was very strong, but I keeper’s reach, 
was exmfident an throogh-the match. Iwas “I didn’t know what I wanted to do” 

ahnnet Innlnno fonmnl tn nmallv Irv<lrc n r J r . 

almost looking forward, to penalty kicks.” 
A curious statement, considering the 
only goal be allowed was on Alberto Gar- 
da Aspe’s penalty kick. He guessed wrong 
that time, out Ms percentage improved in 
the torturous penalty kick procedure; He- 
went to the right post to stop Marcdino 
Banal and to Ms left to get his body in 
front of Jorge Rodriguers attempt, the 
second and third, respectively tty Mexico. 

said LetCfakov, whose balding head belies 
his listed age of 27. “I just chose an angle 
to shoot and I shot it . _ ■ . 

“I was thinking, ‘Let die ball be in.’” 

And. Germany? 

, “Their entire team is good, offensc and 
defens e,” said Letchkov, who knows the 
German team wdl because he plays dub 
soccer in Hamburg. “But they are also 
human. They can lose also.” - 

strength and athletic ability would have net with a ricochet off a post. 

put an end to the Italians. 

But now the match became a drama. 

i’s goalie. Peter Rufai dived in 
r Rufai. Poor Nigeria. The fulfil- 

For U.S, Team, the Breakup Begins 



Saturday July 2 
Qwnwny 3. EMgkirn 2 

Aj Washington 
Spam 3. SNtoartand 0 

Sunday Juty 3 

At Danas 

Samian 3, Saudi Arabia 1 

Al PUHAU. CfliH 
namnw 3. Argentina 2 

Monday July 4 
AtOrtado, Ba. 

Netherlands Z Intend 0 

At Stanford. Caul. 

BnatM. Untied $nue0 

Tuatday Jirty 5 
tt FoaDoro. Masa 
tody 2. Mgwta 1 

At East Rutherford. NJ. 
fiufoana 3. Mexico i on panaMes fl-i attar 

Saturday July B 

AtFwboro. Maaa. 
inly vs. Spam, isos GMT 
At Dates 

Netherlands wn. Brazil 1 935 GMT 
Sunday July io 
At Cost FhJttwrfoid, NJ. 
Bulgaria vs. Gtsmany. IBOS GMT 
At Seantort. CaW. 
Sweden vs Romania, 1835 GMT 


Wednesday July 13 
At East Autharfoid. HJ. 

Italy/Spain winner vs. Buigarla/ Germany win- 
ner. 2005 GMT 

Al Pasadena. CaM 

Netheftands-Brazd winner vs. Svnden-Romaru 
vnWW. 2335 GUT 

Saturday July 16 

At Pasadena. GaUf. 

Semttnal tosors. 1S35 GMT 


Sunday July 17 
Ai Pasadena. Cast 
Semiflriat wfoneig, 1935 GMT 

Goal Scorers 

A — Dies Satenka Russia. 

S — Jurgen KHnsmann, Germany. 

4 — Gabriel Batistuta. Argentina; Martin 
Datum, Sweden; Hristo SWlchkov. Buloarta. 
3— Kamel Andenaon. Sweden; Joan Antonin 

Ctnpufoat, SwttzBfWid; Motanmed OKWuctV 
Morocco; Marc Degryae, BeMum; DovM 
Embe, Cameroon; ABterta Garda, Mexico; 
Hermwi GovUta CeienMa; Flnkfl George, Nt- 
gerta; Pchad Gheshewn. Saudi Arabia; 
Gearaes Grun, Befotum; Jano Guardfofo. 
Sooln; Fernando MemSpatn; Ray HouaMta 

Sun Has. South Kofwi;S«mti 
^ A"** Arrtol Knup, Swttmr- 

5 ta * ^"‘n^ Cunt Amm. taod: lor «>n LafoMm, Butearta. 

3 — PWUpoe Afoart. BeWum, Fuad Aimoi ^ ■ ... l,.... „ r 

Saudi Arabia; Daniel Amakadn. Nigerfo.- 

Enunaiwi Amunlke, Nlgerfa: Roberta Baa- 

gfo, Italy ; BflMto, Brazil; Dennis SerBtopnn 
Nefhertands.' Georges Bregr, Swlbertend; 

JasA Comlnera Saaln; aaudto Canigaia, Ar- 

nentlna; like Dumitrescu. Romania; Luis g 0 ?? rrnwcu, Ramanta; Dmitri 

Spain; Hong Mruno Ba South Karoo; Florin 

Pnrtnf Inlii n L_ n_i%iifiL ifrilaivln ria Wn® "UTt IWmETKinOL JUNO bolmai VOR* 

EntRiSsKte/Bgilvig; MdreieScMttoa Brazil: 
ittnbfo^ftxli Voller, Germgny, Wlrn Jenk, M ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

Match Results 

Buigarta X Mexko 1 an peaotttes n-I offer 

Scorers: Mexico- Alberto Gorcta UBtiiioen. 
ally); Bulgaria - wtsta stofotikav t7lhl. 
Referee: Jamal Ai-Sbarlf (Syria) 

Red cants: Mexico - Litis Garda CSBtni; 
Bulgaria - Emn Kremenllev (SDtti) 

Yellow cants: Mexico - aoudfo Suarez 
(ISWi), Luis Garcia I29f)iJ, Roman Ramirez 
(71*tl. Afoerfo Garda (77Ki); Bufovia - Emil 
Kcemenliev (13Mi).N«*» Slrekw <I71ti), ID- 
on KlryoAov (35Hil. Ivglfo Vordonov item). 

Nigerfo : Nasko Stratov, Butearte; EmtoSttvr 
I — John Aldridge. Ireland; Dina Baggio. Ho- art. United Status; Afotn Sutler, Swttwrkmd; 
hr; Abel Baiba, Argentina; Altar Beolrtstaln, Gaston Toument. Netherlands; Eric Wvnoida, 
Spain.- Marcel ino Bernal Mexico; Frtatarise united States; Raamd Yeklnf. Nigeria 
Qtmm Blvlclt, Canerocn; Dortid Borlmlrw, Own Goots— Andrts Escobar. Coeombta (us. 
Bufoarlo; Tanas Gntifo. Sweden; Seonone untied States). 

For faveshnent information 

every Saturday^ in the IHT 

By Jere Longman 

Nett York Tuna Sendee 

DANA POINT, California — Even as 
nffiriak of the proposed domestic soccer 
league hope to keep than at honm, the 
U^. team’s players are receiving a flurry 
of offers to play in Europe after their 
unexpected success in reaching the sec- 
ond 'round. 

And although there is already expec- 
tant talk of reaching the quarterfinals in' 

the 1998 World Cup in France, the Unit- 
ed States faces serosal crucial decisions 
in the coming months, not the 1 least of 
which is whether Bora MUufinovic will 
remain as coach tit the national team. 

The future of the team’s players and 
coach was the lingering issue Tuesday as 
the Amsicansbwan to scatter after the 
1-0 loss to Brazil the day before dimiaat- 
ed them in the second round. One of 
those players, midfielder Tab Ramos, 
was released from the hospital wfaere he 

three ma nthy saidjpean Linke, a Ut . -players under contract ^ to the federation 

team spokesman. Linke added that it 
was possible that the midfielder would 
be' sidelined up- tor six months. - 
In either case, because he is under 
contract to the Spanish team, Ramos will 
be unavailable ! or tbe inaugural season 
of Major League Soccer, which is expect- 
ed to begin play next April. 

The league is hoping to rely on the 
name raqpgnition of American Wodd 
Cup players to fill out its rosters and 
attract fan support But Ramos, John 
Harkes, Eric Wynalda, Ernie Stewart, 
Brad Friedd, Thomas Dooley and Roy 
Wegede are under contract to finppean 
teams. Offers from Europe have also, 
been made to the UJ5. Soccer Federation 
for the contracts of AUati Lai as, Mike 
Sorber, Paul Catiriuri, Joe-Max Moore 
and Gobi Jones, said Bfil NuttaD, general 
manager of the federation. ' 

These latter five players remain wndw 
contract to the federation until October. 

was taken beingdbowed in the left tern-' They could either be sold or loanedto 

pie by Brazilian defender Leonardo. 

* The blow fractured the parietal bone 
above Ramos’s left ear. What was not 
dear was how soon he wiB be able to 
return to Real Bettis, the Spanish dub 
tAsm for winch he plays professionally. 

The most optimistic prognosis is that 
Ramos will be unable to play for two or 

would be sold for a transfer fee, of which 
die player generally receives 10 percent 
. Many fed that Major League Soccer - 

cannot survive without the top American 

players. But the best American players 
feel they need die experience gamed 
from playing against top competition 
every week in Europe if the U.S. team is 

&E3Z1”*?* **“ 8econd round in 
^ 1998 World Cup, when the field is 
expanded from 24 to 32 teams: - 
. Gting the uncertainty regarding sala- 
ries ticket sales and the quality of com- 
IWtiOT m Mafor League Soccer, Harkes 
said: AH of us would like to come back. 

Right now I don’t see why” 

-■ Whether Milutmovic returns as head ' 
coach is another uncertainty. He is a 
hwing coathed Merioo 
m 1986 and Costa Rica in 1990. With his 

most recent success with the Americans, 
Mhtimhvic has further- emhdtiA^ his 

Eorbpean teams, NuttaE said. If the HiacontraaexmresinTw^^ 
players are loaned, it is possible they titore is speculation that 
ohiM return to play m the new American the Jwanese national team. 
league next spring. \ abwJSfotm 

«ium return to piaym toe new American me Japanese national team 
tome next spring. -.abOTlEiS 

Three other players —.Claudio Reyna, take^acetmtil after the feSraS^wS 
Frsmk Kkms and Mike Bums — e$seo- . Hs^Seadentid 
baity are free' agents, a He to cut their “I don’t dedde.” a 

own deals with any foreign leagn&Tlioce “Pwple.haw 

iltr fj£& 


Pag© 19 



t^>£> usi>: 

■ :: -'i 


x - -i_ . _ 


h ’’S 


.;'.v4, ‘‘i i- 

■ - -ir. 


the first to speak. 

- ‘‘Now that our American friends are 
says with a am*, “I think we can move 
, normal business.” 

damaa hand on the round tabl&and says, 
WtiO placed you 

“placed xnysdf in fe,,,' -■ JfL t 

ge, four years ThOttWen 

charge, four years 
ago, Germany says, 
not a little sniddy. 

>L. >1.. • t. . 

-Ty Tr.T" r-ry-,. "««“ w « mcmsiunieyouwon. 
thedompi^ship? I don’t think I see Pdl in this 

The. Bulgarian says, cokBy, “Pferiiaps I shoidd 
nzntodm Gcanaatncnd that had Mboea saxr- 
yisedjjy my referee in the second round, thaaTa 
™* most cotainJywTOM have been ordered 
*8*«g Gttraany with ihe unfortunate bat entirely 
pc^ t^ aaisequence of excluding W mftpni t w^g .tp 
™* mst oS os around inside these chambers.” 

_ Tf radylconld have said this so eloquently ” says 
Rot, wuha^nespectful nod to the Bulgarian, . 

Geraany smiles, hands clasped, until theroom is 
quiet “Must we bicker?** he says, and he makes a 
porot of looking at everyone except Brazil “I am 

to my European friends and former com- 
fitnot dear dial we jnfc the football would? 1 
am speaking” — r-and now be is staring across the table 
at Brazil — *1 am directing these comments to xny 
ndgnbora from Sweden, to Romania, to /tafia and 
E%xma, to the Netherlands — and, of course, to my 
dwr Bulgarian friend, to. whom my congratulations 
f or achkrving tbe quarterfinal are laced with condo- 
lences tbatyour journey cannot possibly go further.* 
- Bidgariasaysqui^iy,^ vowtocfeOoyycaim the 
quarteriznaL" - 

To which Germany responds, “Yon did a wonder- 
ful job in your penalty shootout with Mexico. That 
must have been very tfifficulL" 

Jiist then there is a banging at the door, arimfQed 
wailing Instinctively the Romanian jumps to his 
feet, but Brazil casually motions for him to sit 
. “It is only Maradona,” says Braz3 with a bored 
look. “In a few mrantes he will forget why he has 
come. Until then, perhaps each of yon will accept a 
> cigar from me, which 1 offer humbly in cd^rmion 
of .our ascension to die quarterfinals of the. 15th 
World Cup — which, may I remind you, was known 
as the Jules Rimet Trophy until I became the first to 
win it throe times, at which point this most beautiful 
trophy was retired.” 

“And then Pete retired,* says Gtsmany with a sigh. 

Italy shouts, “I too have three Work! Q 

“Yes, I believe you won it in 1934 and 1938," says 
Gtsmany. “I had a grandfather who used to remem- 
ber t his, but he died a long time ago." 

For a mcanent they must concentrate on lighting 
their cigars. 

Germany i«ns back, looking dreamily into his 
own smoke, and announces, “I think we can agree 
that it is Germany, with three World Cups since 
1954, which has dominated in the modem era.” 

“Ever since the war, don’t you mean" says the 

Maradona is kicking and slapping at the door, 
and the qnanerfmaMsts seem to be enjoying it — 
until Sweden yanks the cigar from his month and 
declares, with a subdued horron “Are we sure this is 
rut the police trying to break in?” 

They look at Sweden. Slowly he points to the s ign 
posted behind him: SMOKING PROHIBITED. 

The others break into a huge, throaty laugh — 

especially the Spaniard who is standing on the table, 
laugh >ng through, his dcar-denched teeth, unscrew- 
ing the smoko detector from the ceiling. He tosses it 
cm the floor arid the Romanian and the Italian, 
giggling , run over arid take turns Stomping it. 

When all have returned to their seats and settled 

“Shall we get down to business," Germany says, 
without phrasing the question. 

“He so simply takes charge?" Brazil says to the 
other Europeans. Nose of them responds. 

“So,” Germany says, looking up from the brief- 
case opened before him, pen m hand. “The first 
game of the quarterfinal round is Spain vs. Italy this 
coming Saturday in Boston." 

“I have seen Italy and I can only express my joy 
that I will not be playing Nigeria," Spain says evenly. 
“I mean to say that! shall have no problem against 
Italy — just as I shall have no problem in the seunfmal 
against yon!" He is pointing his cigar at Germany. 

“Hey. bey!" shouts Bulgaria. 

Germany turns to Italy and says, “Do you wish to 

Italy is propped back, hands on his belly, a lippy 
smile around Ins cigar. “Roberto Baggio will speak 
for us," he says. 

“We shah see,” says Germany. “The next match is 
the Netherlands against Brazil in Dallas-” Brazil with- 
draws his cigar to speak, but Germany is talking to the 
Netherlands: “You wfll win on Saturday for Europe.” 

“Without Ruud Gullit and Marco van Basten, in 
the afternoon beat of Dallas, it is going to be very 
difficult.” the Netherlands admits. 

Germany, staring, says: “You must win." 

And Brazil, which has been the class of the tour- 
nament, smiles a contented smile toward the defend- 
ing champion — whose face, as he hunches to write, 
wrinkles much more easily than it did in 1990. 
Calmly, Brazil pushes himself away from the table 
but before he can reach Ok door, Germany is stating 
a little too loudly, “Our Brazilian friend needs rest 
after bang tested so thoroughly by the Americans.” 
The door clicks shut behind Brazil 
“You should not be angering him, " the Nether- 
lands says to Germany. “It is we who have to oppose 

u You have to exhaust him, damage him, " Germa- 
ny says. “Then I will beat him in the final" 

“Over Stoicfakov’s body you win," Bulgaria says, 
making sine of slamming the door on Ids way out. 

“Bulgaria will not be a problem for us Sunday in 
New Jersey," Germany says tiredly, and perhaps a bit 
too confidently. “The last quarterfinal game on Sun- 
day in San Francisco wiD be . . .” here he does have to 
resort to the schedule. . .Sweden and Romania.” 

Sweden looks at Romania, and Romania looks at 
Sweden. They both shrug. 

“Very well Good hick to all," Germany says, 
closing his briefcase. But his fellow Europeans can 
all see that he is concerned about Brazil 

WORLD cup wrap-up 

j . .. ( Cqnp^^QorS^fnmDapauAe* 

f'The homecoming 

party for Ireland’s 
day after organizers 

i V-!_ ^ . 

5 **?ects 

■■■ '-ix 
' ‘ •- 

team is back on: A 
canceled plansfor a welcoming ceremony, 
officials announced that the festivities wm 
go ahead after all Thursday in Dublin’s 
Phoenix Park. 

Up to 19 of the 22 members of the team 
ait due to flyback to, Ireland, including, he 
said, its orach, Jack Charlton. 

■- © The British bo okmakers W flBara Will 
said a man it would identify only as a 
Malaysian had lost £121,000 ($186,000) 
; on Mexico to beat Bulgaria, 
t Sharpe, it WHHam HOI spokes- 
man, said it was the biggest loss on a soccer 
bet that the bookmaker could rememb er. 

: Had the man won, he would have gotten 
£255,000. Said Sharpe, “When you bet that 
amount of money'you tend to be philo- 
sophical about losing, rather than upset. 
Weexpectto hear from him again soon.” 

© Italians’ joy over their team’s victory 
was marred when a 15-year-old boy who 
fired apistal at a celebration in the town of 
Herculaneum, near Naples, accidentally 
killed his 7-year-old cousin, police said. 

Salvatore CHiva died in hospital after he 
was hit by a bullet in the heart- Police said 
his unde, Domenico Giampaglia, had a 
permit for the gun but wais charged with 
not haying kept it out of the- reach of 


• South Korea has selected Anatoli By- 
chovets of Ukraine to replace Kim Ho as 
coach of the natkuud- team, officials said. 
Ho quit last week after his team failed to 
win a match in the United Stales. !“ v “ 
vets, 47, who has been a technical ; 
to South Korea’s team since FcL 
coached the Soviet learn that won 
Olympic gold medal in Seoul 

■a Carlos Bflanio, who coached Argenti- 
na totbeWarid Cup title in 1986, will be 
offered at least a three-year contract to 
bead Uruguay's team, thepresident of the 
Uruguayan association said. 

• The 12-point penally imposed on Eng- 
lish Premier League dim Tottenham far. 

making irregular payments has been cut to 

six points on appeal, but a recoord £600,000 
($920,000) fine has been increased to £15 
mfllion, the FA said. (Reuters, AP) 


BnmVs Leonardo 'Devastated 

; By Randy Harvey 

! jjeMifeiarmes Sane* 

; SANTA CLARA, Cafif. - BraaHan 
. defender Leonardo was the viHam of the 
‘match against the United Stales, but the 
. remorseful man who spoke to reportos 

* after practice a day later was bearing a 

* messag e of anti -violence. . . 

; Leonardo, 24. saidlK 
■ mkioh was meeting late wtxmesusy, 

! feoffor throwing “JpG?" 1 fratUucd 

a bone in Tab Ramof s sknH 
# fc.t Tj*mario sail te he was not as 

* Ui a Sd! 

i^^Leonaido visited *e UJ3. mid 
= “I got from 

J “ ^^i^tmmese: “He not 


But I tell you from the depths rf nw heart 
that I had no intention of hurting him. 

“He was holding me, and I wanted to get 
free. Three or four tones, people were 
holding me, I was frustrated. But nothing 

■ . .lnM 

JUJUjrca UMUUg ouuum (nnjui 

“When I swung my arm*^ ^he was falling. 
If lie hadn’t been, 1 don’t think my elbow 
would have hit him. It was the worst part 
of hieface tohit I didn’t realize how badly 
I had hurt him until I saw the reaction of 
the other American players. 

“1 would like for them to know how 
1 am in szy heart, and. xny head. 

U. liwn>, nlflp* An UVMT 


: iraprason - 


field.” . „ . . . . 

Brazffs coach, Caidos Alberto Faireira, 
said he bad not decided who will replace 
Leonardo in Saturday’s quarterfinal m 
Dallas against the Netheriandi 

Leonardo is required to, rit out 
oae game because of his red card, but 
Aurora said he was told that FIFA Pres- 
dent Joao Havelange, a Braafian, had said 
is an interview that the suspension would 
cover the rest of BraziPs tournament 

> - 

Gtanm Fofgo 'The AmodaSxi Pro*, 

Alberto Garcia Aspe beat Bulgnmn goalkeeper Borislav Mihaylov to give Mexico a tie in the 18th minute, but also was instrumental in hs losing the shootout. 

Dutch Players Say the Orange Flame’s Now Fully Lit 

By Alex Yannis 

New York Time* Service 

ORLANDO, Florida — The Orange 
Flame. from the Netherlands is burning 
again, in a way reminiscent of 1974 and 
1978, when the Dutch reached the champi- 
onship game of those tournaments. 

After an average showing in the first 
round, the Dutch unleashed a spark in the 
second round with a 2-0 triumph over 
Ireland earned them a date with Brazil 

Saturday in Dallas. 

The Dutch played so well against Ire- 
land that their coach, Dick Advocaat, al- 
lowed the players to spend Tuesday with 
their wives or girlfriends at a local resort. 
The players worked out only lightly in the 
evening before leaving Wednesday morn- 
ing for Dallas to play in the quarterfinals 
>for the first time since 1978. 

The two times the Dutch lost the cham- 
pionship game it was to the host country, 
Germany in 1974 and Argentina in 1978. 
This year, the United States will not be a 
problem, but Brazil will be. 

“In a way, it’s a shame that we have to 

play Brazil so early," said Dennis Besrg- 
kamp, who sewed the firat goal against the 
Irish. “I think both of us deserve to be at 
least in the semifinals.” 

While the Brazilians had trouble finish- 
ing in their 1-0 elimina tion of the United 
Slates on Monday, the Dutch were effec- 
tive in every department against Ireland. 

"In the game against Ireland, we took 
our game to another level,” Bergkamp 

said “Some of us felt that the tournament- 
really starts after the first round." 

The Dutch indeed played at a higher 
level against the Irish, who not o 
poorly but committed two crucial mist 
on defense that led to the two goals. 

In a change from their lineup in the 
three games of the first round, the Dutch 
played with two genuine wings against the 
Irish Advocaat used Marc Overmans on 
the right and Peter van Vossen on the left. 

Brazil Coach Promises a 'Thriller’ 


SAN JOSE, California — Brazil's coach, 
Carlos Alberto Panrira, says he is happy 
to face the Netherlands rather than Ireland 
in Saturday’s quarterfinal in Dallas. 

The Dutch eliminated Ireland in the 
second round, much to Parrdra’s relief. 

“The aerial game always causes more 
problems than a team that keeps the ball 
on the ground," he said. 

Parrerra, under fire because bis team is 

seen as not as entertaining as past Brazil- 
ian sides, promised that the next match 
would be a thriller, if the Dutch cooperate. 

“If the Dutch crane out and play, it will 
be a great game," he said. “The trouble is 
that all the teams we've laced so far have 
their style against us. 
fou’re not going to get exciting foot-- 
ball when me of the teams puts nine or 10 
players behind the baH In all of our games, 
we’ve been the only team wanting to play." 

and they got behind the Irish fullbacks 
with consistency. 

Brazil’s outside backs are a little faster 
and swifter, but they still had trouble with 
the speed of Cobi Jones and Ernie Stewart 
in the victory over the United States. 

“I think it will be a beautiful game," 
Wim Jonk, the Dutch midfielder who 
scored the second goal against Ireland, 
said about the meeting with Brazil. “Both 
teams like to attack. We like to show the 
beautiful tide of soccer. I think it will be a 
fantastic game, like Romania and Argenti- 

For the skeptics who believe that the 
Brazilians are not as strong as they appear, 
Bergkamp had a warning. “Brazil is Bra- 
zil” be said. “They are very good, very 
talented and have two great forwards in 
Bebeto and RomArio.” 

Ronald Koeman, the Dutch captain, 
sounded as if his team had not quite dis- 
played all hs weapons thus far. 

“Each team has its own qualities, and 
well show them as we progress," he said. 
“Our goal is to reach the final" 

FIFA Banishes Brazilian Pla yer 
From Rest of the Tournament 

DALLAS — Brazil’s Leonardo, sent off 
fra: elbowing U.S. midfielder Tab Ramos 
in the head during Monday’s match, was 
banned Wednesday for four matches. 

FIFA’s disciplinary committee, obvi- 
ously wanting to make an example, hand- 
ed out its heaviest penalty of tins tourna- 
ment The suspension wiU keep Leonard 
from playing in any more of Brazil’s 
matches in tms World Cap final 
It previously had bailed Romania’s Ion 
Yladoiu for three matchs for a 
foul on Switzerland’s Christopher 
FIFA's secretary general, Sepp Blatter, 
said of thedtsapfinaiy committee’s ruling: 
“They realized it was aggression. It was a 
revenge foul This was revenge. 

“The ‘court* did not take into considea:- 
ation ids apology or the fact that the player 
waastilt in hospital* 

FIFA said Brazil had three days to lodge 
an appeal because the suspension was for 
longer than two matches. Leonardo was 
also fined 10,000 Swiss francs. 

Italy’s Gianfranco Zola was banned for 
two matches for “serious foul play" in 
Tnesda/s second round match with Nige- 

Zola was ordered off only 11 minutes 
after he came onto the field as a second 
.half substitute foe what looked like a wDd 

retaliatory tackle after be had a penalty 
appeal tuned down. 

But television replays showed he failed 
to make any contact with the Nigerian 
defender, Augustine Eguavoen, 

Bul gari a’s F.mfl Kremenliev, ordered off 
along with Mexico’s Lois Garda after a 
second yellow card, will miss the quarterfi- 
nal agamst Germany. 

©The Mexican and Syrian referees who 
farm* under heavy criticism for their han- 
dling of Tuesdays second-round matches 
were not named t o officiate in the quarter- 
finals when FIFA made its selections cm 

FIFA left out Pablo Brizio of Mexico, 
who sent off Italy's Gianfranco Zola for an 
innocuous tackle in the match with Nige- 
ria, and Jamal Sharif of Syria, who showed 
red cards to a Bulgarian and a Mexican in 
tire day’s other game: 

Brizio and Sharif were not on the list 
either of the nine referees retained far the 
rest of the tournament, although. FIFA 
gave no explanation for its choices. 

The referees for the quarterfinals-. 

Italy vs. Spain, Sander Puh) of I*~ 
ry; Netherlands ys. Brazil Rodrigo ! 
of Costa Rica: Bulgaria vs. Germany, Josfc 
Joaquin Torres of Colombia; and Roma- 
nia vs. Sweden, Philip Don of E n gla nd . 

German Flayers 

Compiled lip Our Staff From Dispatches 

CHICAGO — Bulgaria will be a 

Eueae GanaMgeaee Fnaer-Ptm 

Matthaus*. Cut foot is recovering. 


Speaking after Bulgaria's penalty 
shootout victory over Mexico, Germa- 
ny’s captain, Lothar Matthaus, said that 
"after our performance agamst Belgium 
I think we must be slight favorites.” 

Said striker Jfirgen Klinsmann: “I 
think if we play with as much speed as 
against Belgium, we can beat anyone. 

"But the single-etimination system is 
such that you have one bad day and you 
are on the first plane home." 

The squad was reduced to 20 on Tues- 
day when midfielder Mario Bader went 
home to be with his wife, who is having 
problems with her pregnancy. 

Matthkus, who said he was recovering 
from the cut on his right fool added: “I 
expect nothing to stand in my way of 
playing. 1 have a bit of pain but I expect 
to train fully by Friday.” 

■ If he plays, be would tie the record 
number of appearances now held by 
Uwe Seder of Germany, Wladyslaw 
Zmuda of Poland and Diego Maradona, 
the Argentine star whose failed drug test 
prevented him from breaking the record. 


Mozart , Warsaw Style 

By John Rockwell 

Nev York Tana Service 

W arsaw — At a time 
when the big state arts in- 
stitutions in Easton Europe are 
often stumbling, feisty smaller 
companies need a gimmick. At 
first glance, the Warsaw Cham- 
ber Opera’s annual Mozart Fes- 
tival (this year, June 15- July 
26), in which every single dra- 
matic work Mozart ever com- 
posed is presented in fully 
staged performances, might 
seem just such a gimmick. 

It has certainly put this 33- 
year-old company on the map. 
It tours widely in Western Eu- 
rope and has an invitation to do 
its entire Mozart repertory in 
Paris in 1995 and in Germany. 

But tanring to Stefan Sut- 
kowski, the company’s founder 
and guiding force, and attend- 
ing a couple of performances, 
gives a deeper impression. Sut- 
kowski is a man with a mission, 
or several missions. It would 
wm that his company’s suc- 
cess is a result of lus idealism, 
not marketing ploys. 

Sutkowski budget is only S3 

milli on : $] mil Ho n from public 

sources, SI million from spon- 
sors and tours and the third 
millio n from a daily, desperate 
hustle ("My great problem is 
this third mill i nn.” be said). Yet 
be wwnogw not just his summer 
Mozart Festival, which ova- the 
next few years will perform ev- 
ery note of Mozart's music. 


There is also a September fes- 
tival, now 15 years old, of Pol- 
ish music from the Baroque to 
the Romantic; a Baroque opera 
festival in October, and a regu- 
lar season that concentrates on 
rmertory from Peri through 
Monteverdi to Donizetti, but 
indudes the ampler first ver- 
sion o i Poland's national opera, 
Moauuszko’s “Haiku,” and a 
few 20th-century Polish scores. 
That’s not counting his research 
center for Polish music, his col- 
lection of scores and parts on 
paper and microfilm, and his 
project to publish monographs 
and a general history of Polish 
mnsifi in Polish and En g li s h, 
But the centerpiece is Mo- 

zart. Sutkowski began In the 
mid-1980s to point toward the 
200th anniversary of the com- 
poser’s death in 1991. He and a 
stage director, Ryszard Peryt, 
concaved the idea of not only 
staging all the theatrical works, 
including uncompleted scores 
and Masonic and liturgical ritu- 
als, but of doing them with the 
same director-designer team, 
Peryt and Andrzej Sadowski. 

They started in 1988, but it 
was not until last year that the 
complete canon was ready in 
Peryt-Sadowski productions. 
Most performances are in a 
160-seat theater that began life 
in 1777 as a Calvinist church 
and became the company's 
home base in 1986. Other per- 
formances are given in historic 
sites around Warsaw, all dating 
from the late 18th century. 


None of which would mean 
much if the performances were 
provincial. But they aren’t. In 
any case, what this company 
has to offer is an overview ana 
the chance to hear bits of exoti- 
ca that are hardly ever staged. 

All performances are accom- 
panied by one of the company's 
two con temporary-ins truxnen t 
orchestras; there is an original- 
instniments ensemble for op- 
eras composed between 1600 
and 1730. Sutkowski, a musi- 
cologist, prepares many of his 
performing editions. He is a 
pragmatist when it comes to 
Mozart: Besides contemporary 
instruments, he avoids lavish 
vocal ornamentation, counten- 
ances some cuts and opposes 
superb ties. But in a 1950s~ish 
sort of way, the performances 
have zip and style, and the 
$7.50 top price is hard to beat. 

Considering the economic 
travails of Eastern Europe just 
now, the achievement ap- 
proaches the miraculous. 

Sutkowski says he has been 
able, by and large, to stanch 
defections. “Of course, I've lost 
a few singers,” he said. “But 
mostly they come back. We are 
some sort of family. As in fam- 
ilies, sometimes you have diffi- 
culties, you have problems. But 
we are together.” 



mm nfP 



k 5 ! 


1 B i ixai Sag 


1 1 

By Laura Winters * 

CAMBRIDGE, Massachusetts — ■ “No one sat 
Vme down and told me I was a Negro,” Darryl 
Pinckney's novel “High Cotton” begins. “That was 
something I figured out on the sly, late in my 
childhood career as a snoop, like discovering that 
babies didn’t come from an exchange of spmach 
during a kiss.” This wry and devastating sally 
launched both a first nova and a literary career for 
Pinckney in 1992. 

The story of a young blade man’s attempt to mold 
his identity in the face of heritage and 20th-century 
reality, “High Cotton" treats the theme of growing 
up blade in America with a fresh, poetic hand. 
Pinckney, who had developed a quiet following for 
his essays in The New York Review of Books, 
suddenly found himself acclaimed cm both sides of 
the Atlantic. Two years later, impeccable in gray 
flannel, Pinckney has the casual elegance and wick- 
ed irony of one of his own characters. 

One morning in Cambridge, he slid into a restau- 
rant booth and breathed a sigh of relief at having 
found, at least temporarily, his Holy Graft. “Scram- 
bled eggs, Barbra Streisand on the soundtrack, and 
now a cigarette,” he said, leaning back and arching 
an eyebrow. “Who could ask for more?” 

Pinckney has been all too rarely sighted on North 
American shores in the last few years. He has spent 
most of bis time in Europe, working on a variety of 
literary and theatrical projects. His stage adaptation 
of Virginia Woolfs novel “Orlando,” with Isabelle 
Huppert and staged by Robert Wilson, has just 
finished a second sold-out run at the OdtonTh&Ltre 
de 1’Europe in Paris before going on to several other 
European cities. 

What brought him back to the States this time was 
a teaching appointment at Harvard. He taught two 
classes — English com position and a survey of 
African-American literature tracing the 20th-cenfti- 
ry movement of blacks from the country to the city. 
“Examines the historical context of the migration 
from the Sooth to the North,” his course description 
reads. “The shift from a rural to an urban culture; 
the disappointment in the Promised Land, the tread- 
mill of Monday to Monday ” 

When asked what he looked for in his students, 
Pinckney laughed. “For the writing dass,you had to 
have ruined your life already,” he said. “That’s what 
I told them. So I got these letters saying T have all 
D's and Fs, and if you’re a man of principle, you'll 
take me.’" 

he is anything but. writing, for him, is a laborious 

ward about^ jS!e of writing a^autobio- 
graphical African-American novel: 

“With black writing, there's such an expectation 
that it be true.” he says, “that sometimes the imagi- 
native remrirements aren't valued enough- You want 
to have the historical truth, because it sort of loses 
the point without it, and yet still have a story.” Like 
his protagonist, Pinckney grew up in an upper- 
middle-class family in Indianapolis and moved to 
New York to attend Columbia. 

s , - 

* ■ £ & 

SK *■ 

• fci* : 

Doarinfapu Nabokov 

Pinckney: Formalism and a sense of humor. 

Shortly after 

its staff. Europe had always been a magnet, however, 
from the days of student trips. He remembers mar- 
veling at Italy because “it really looked Hke that. No 
one had made it up.” 

At the end of 1987, Pinckney moved to Berlin, in 
search of the shabby, dtaarifying city of Isherwood’s 
“Berlin Stories.” It was in B erlin that Pinckney first 
worked with Robert Wilson. Shortly after arriving- 
there, Pinckney wrote the scenario with Heaner 
MflUer for Wilson’s staging of “The Forest,” an 
adapta t i o n of the Gflgamesh legend, at the Frrie 
VoJksbflhne in 1988. 

• “I wad struck by Darryl's intelligence,” Wilson 
says, “as well as bynisfainuilism aria by Ins sense of- 
humor.’ In his fonuaHsm odd sees a mind thars 
vie wing from a distance, (with} iro ny _ a nd 

an ger and fit and darkness . Bat in the datkOCSS 

there is this humor, a kind of joyous -fight,* 

What Wilson describes as “formalism” is ^at- 
tention to structure, an architectural precision that, 
both he and Pinckney have in ccHnriKHL'Tlie.fonnal- 
ism is evident in Wilson's production of “Orlando,” 
for which Hockney arid Wilson did ! the original 

En glish text mlaptotinp , “Q flflnd fl” is a parcd-diOWSi 

tour de f ok* witii theactrcss iiLthe tide role alone 
cm a nearly bare stage, perfonomg the transforma- 
tion from man to woman aided only by exquisitely 
calibrated lighting drifts and a bare minimum of 
prop and costnme chari^ 

Meanwhile, Pinckney is bard at work on his own 
literary projects: essays on African-American litera- 
ture ana a long-term project exploring the historical 
experience of Wades in. Germany. The fall ot the 
Berlin Wall and the changes in the East European 
countries have broadened Pinckney's focus on the 
subject to include the issue of asylum. Of concern to 

him as wdl are imm igrants from the Hurd Would, 
whose plight is not-as wklefy “acknowledged. 

In “Hi gh Cotton,” his subject is not only preju- 
dice betwem races but discoid among black people 
as wdL As he notes dryly, “United we stood, which 
did not iudndc everyone cm the block.” 

Pinckney's is aotan frtnamrnattnyveicc^hcrawTO 
but a deeply human one asking fra tolerance and 
pl urality m afl thing s 

“I don’t think there’s such a thing as the Hack 
experience/” he says. “There are many. sorts of 
things that make it up. . . . IPs as much a general- 
ity as sayiug ‘we* or ‘society.’ ” 

“Ralph EDison and Richard WriglU weren’t read- 
ing novelists of the Harlem renaissance,” he says. 
“They were reading Dtatoyevsky. They were read- 
ing, in Wright's case; Mencken, aodin Edison’s case; 
Joyce. If any thing . Invisible Man’ bears more re- 
semblance to ‘Ulysses’ than it does to any earlier 
work by a blade. When you’re talking about tradi- 
tion, one should not be so narrow. 

Though only 40, Pinckney Has found himself 
dwdhng on how tradition is passed from the old to 
the young. “Youth goes onfor so long now, but there 
comes that time when you wake up 
that you’re not preparing for life anymore,” he says. 

this is what it is. 

“Youth has been celebrated so much since the ’60s 
that not havirigitis a trauma now fora lot of people. 
A former teacher of mine reminded me cf that fine 
HizabethTudor saicL 'Old age cameupon me sud- 
denly, like a frost.' ” 

He paused, and bis eyes twinkled. “So iWtbmfc- 
ing, ‘Middle age comes upon one suddenly, fike a 
traffic ticket • 

Laura Winters is on the staff of The New Yorker 


Guy, wind 
chdm stars 

Borwas snu in cnage 


□ • 

- The fl amb oyant lawyer WH- 
Sam finstkr is celebrating his 
75th birthday at Gas’s Place in 
Hew York, a restaurant recent- 
ly shown in the movie “The Pa- 
per," as was'Kimstkar. The in- 
vited guests include Ruby Dee 
and Ossie Davis and JaudL AM- 
At Amin, a Muslim spiri- 
tual leader who was known is 


rights leader and 


“Movies are plagued by the 
fact that everybody wants the 
amine 10 men and the same.JA 
women in their movies,” ASbe 
Baldwin said at apromotion of 
his new meme, “The Shadow." 
“So you have to get in Kne.” 


Barbara Walters and Diane 
Sawyer say male TV anchors 
are more competitive than fe- 
male anchors. “If you’re talking 
about elbows, you shouldn’t be 
ranting to the women, really,” 
Sawyer said in the August issue 
of Vanity Fair; “Fetor Jennings 
and Ted Koppd are far more 
com p etitive m their dories, in 
what they do, than the women," 
Walters said. ’That's non- 
sense,” Jennings snorted. 


Appear* on Pago. 5 & 17 


CoctaNSot JIH 

0d*i 1MM 

BMngh 17/02 

Ffanm ram 

AsttUI 23/73 

Unden IMS 

Madrid 31 me 

Man SUM 

Uocom, tUM 

MMdh 23 m 

Nn 27/BO 

(MB 24 m 

**"C 2B/7B 

PMi 23/73 

faBM 21/70 

AiAufc 10/BT 

nm 31 me 

aocfchotal 24/75 

Statoovg 22/71 

Mn 21/70 

Low W High 
17/82 I 27/80 
1BM1 to 21/70 
M/87 | SC/95 
23/73 | 30/87 
19/06 1 27/80 
IBM pc 30/00 
I2JB3 pc 23/73 
14/57 pc 23/73 
10 me ad 20/02 

13/66 1 36/77 

21/70 a 2MM 
12/93 pc 18M6 
13/50 e IB/M 
ibm • 31 me 

13/55 ah 23/73 

13/05 pc 27/80 
13/95 a 20/B8 
21/70 pc 34/03 
22/71 a 27/80 
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12*3 pc 22/71 
13*8 • 31/08 
15*0 a 28*4 
11/02 ah 22/71 
11/92 to 23/73 
15*1 ( 27*0 
15*1 a 28/70 
20*0 a 28/78 

13/56 9 24775 
12*3 I 22/71 
12*3 pc 17*2 
20*3 I 32*0 
0/48 a 21/70 
13*9 pa 21/70 
12*3 pc 28770 
14*7 a 20*0 
10*0 • 20*4 
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13*5 ■ 29/77 
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Law W 

10*8 a 
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18*5 8/49 ah 14*7 7/44 ah 

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Forecast for Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Waafrrar. 

• • . 1 ; 

— * 

Jutthcam fc 

I Unmaana b*j 



North America 

Thunderstorms wdl bring 
drenching doenpoura to the 
area from PH ts burgh to 
Boston this weekend. Chtea- 

S o to Kansas City wll have 
ry. pleasant weather over 
Uw weekend. Much cootar 
weather wilt move from 
south-central Canada tottw 
the Greet Lakes states. 


Southern Europe, from 
Madrid to Rome. wi9 have 
sunny and hot weather this 
weekend. Central Europe 
wll have anaaonebto weath- 
er Friday. The weekend wB 
ba sunny. A taw showers <hU 
occur Iron Ireland and Scot- 
land to Scandtaevta. London 
to Paris wll became dry end 
gradually warmer. 

Middle East 

Mgh in » Hp Low W 


31*8 22/71 9 32*8 23*3 pc 

33*1 20*8 a 35*7 21/70 a 

28*4 ffiSH a 31*8 18*4 • 

27*0 17*2 a 28*2 IBM ■ 

38/97 20*8 a 41/10822/n a 

41/108 27*0 a 43/10028/78 a 

Latin America 

Today Toomro* 

Mgh Low W Mgh Low W 

BurmMna BMB i» ah 11*2 4/39 pa 
Canon 31*8 25/77 pc 31/88 25/77 pc 

LWW 18*4 MAI pc 18*4 15*8 pc 

Umkactf 22/71 12*3 to 24/75 13*5 pa 

f*o<MantoB as/77 15*4 to 24/75 18*1 ah 

SaidaBO 10*0 0*2 pc 13*5 2/36 pc 



Heavy thunderstorms will 
drench north-central China 
Friday and agafei lata In the 
weekend. Hot weather will 
prevail from Hong Kong and 
Shanghai northward to near 
Seen*. Tokyo trU have warm 
weather, but no extrema 
heat is expected. Manda and 
Singapore wll be worm wUi 
dally rains. 


Htgh Low 
33*1 28/79 
31/88 M/75 
30*8 25/78 
29*4 23/73 
37/M 28/82 
30*5 22/71 
34*3 27 *0 
32 AS 28/78 
34*3 28/79 
33*1 28/79 

W MM Law W 

Of OF 
9h 33*1 25/77 PO 
I 33*1 24/76 I 
uh 31*8 28/79 po 
I 30*8 23/73 I 

pc 38*7 28/82 pc 
I 81*8 23/73 pc 
t 84*8 28/79 pc 
pc 32*9 01/75 I 
pc 34*3 28/79 pc 
pa 32/89 24/75 PC 

31*5 20*8 • 31*3 22/71 pc 
18*5 flflB s 17*2 5/48 pc 
27/80 18*4 pc 27*0 18*4 pc 
Sum 12/88 I 23/73 13/55 pc 
28*2 24/75 to 29*4 24*8 pa 
20*9 10*0 pc am 12*3 pa 
38*0019*0 ■ 31*8 21/70 a 

Leganto oeumy, pc-partUrckuxty, c-ctoud y. gh-tooms, Hhundaatarms. r-raln. il nu w Oades. 

snemiw, Hob. viMMaewr. AB m*M,lnrec «n and dWprevMad tty Acer- W e a ther. In^C IBM ' te * in * on 

North America 

Anfttnga 10*9 10*0 
Aflwria 27*0 22/71 
Raton 28*2 19*8 
Chicago 34/83 21/70 
D ana 24/75 SMI 
Data* 33*1 21/70 
28*4 22TO 
Hsutom 34/33 24/75 
leaAngalaa 28*4 18*9 
MM 31*8 20/78 

Mmapoia 27*0 17*2 
Mannari 27*0 15/58 
ffaaaau 31*5 24/15 
NawYoric 33*1 23/73 
Ptoank 42/10727*0 
Ban ftwv 28/79 13*0 
Saa*. 27*0 13*5 
TomCo 31/88 17*2 
M bto hman 38*7 28/79 

pa 18*8 11*2 pc 
I 31*8 23/73 pc 
pc 32*8 20*8 pa 
1 32*0 20*0 pc 
r 25/77 14*7 pc 
I 32*0 21/7D pc 
pc 30*0 23/73 PC 
PD 34*8 24/76 PC 
a 81*8 20*8 pa 
1 31*8 28/79 pc 
t am 18*1 «h 
pc S/77 14*7 pa 
pc 32*8 24/75 pc 
pa 34/93 24/75 pc 
■ 43/10829*4 a 
f 23/73 13*5 ■ 
a 28/79 13*1 pc 
I 27*0 14/57 pc 
pc 88*7 27*0 pc 




M Imm and data prortlad 
by AcoAVartw. toco TOM i 

Europe and Ifidtfle East 
Location Weather Mgb 


Carnes . 
, Daauvfle 

sunny 31*8 

Claude and aim. 24/75 
thunderstorms 30*8 
sunny 33W1 

aumy 32/89 

sunny 31/88 

gunny 32*8 

sunny 84A3 

douds and sun 23/73 
sunmr 23/73 



N 1040 

"s w ;io«o 

N 15-30 
BE 12-82 
N ■ WMO 
HE 10-20 
NE 1525 
N 1525 
WSW 1020. 
W8W 12-25 

Eurrrparand Mddta East 
Locraton Waath 


clouds and aun 























Tel Avtv 








Caribbean and West Atlantic 


partly surew 

















































partly rnxxty 















Patai Beach, Aus 










partly sunny 







partly amny 














Cwmea - 

. Deiahdle 
. Rare 




5my ‘ 






any . 
any - 
sunny - 


0-f ._ 

0- t- - 

1 - 2 

' 0-1 

0- l 
• 0-1 

1 - 2 

Cacfetjaan and West Mantle 

Barbados ahowera ' 

Wrewim aumy- . 

ahowera 3088 24/75 

■wmy 33/91 24/75 

pertlyuviy 38/85 28/79 

«mny 31/88 27/80 





Ratal Beech, Aus. 
Bey of Wanda, NZ 

MW 20-40" 

BC 25-45 
E 2540 

E 25-35 

SE 20-35 

Breton ns 






-1525 . \ 



















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. 1-2 







15-30 - 

a and aun 




’ 13 


2 oas-„ 

AHH* Access Numbers 
Hcwtocan around flbe^ wockL. 

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Armenia** 8*14111 . , MIDDLE EAST 

Austria***- 022-903-011 Bahrain ' ' ' «XWQI 

Brighmr . 0800-100-10 Cjipred*- . : - 080-90010 

Bulgaria 00-1800-001Q bred • I77-10(X-27Z7> 

croatttv 99-38-oon Kami: • aofcigB' 

CMSfaltep 00-420-00101 “ fcdtenonfteroQ' • ~ 42fr80l 

PbmmA* . 800 1-0010 Qatar “ . O60O-O1V7 7 

Hahmd* 9800-100-10 Sau^ Arabia , ^.^fcaPWO. . 

France 19*00 11 T oA cy* 00800-12277 

Geaaaay 01304)010 -000-121 

Greece* 00^00-3311 ~ .... . Al|BBieAS^;^~^ 

amgsry- 00^-800011 11 Argentina# 001-800-2QO-mi 

fcebnd^ . 99 9001 Bdtee - ~ -555 ' 

Mtad 1-800-350-000 Botes? - ' ~^-v' -0^55 - 

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' 172-1011 

Titi Ttf rosteln- - 15s-gM»-ll 

Ungoibouig , , 0 - 800-0111 

Mecedonla.F.'EB. of 998004288 

Matet* . 08Q0-890-11Q 

Moaaar. lga-OOll 

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Watway 800-190-11 

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Pprtogar ' - \ 

VOBMuOn 01-800-4288 

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stowto 1 • . • • ■ co^aNwaiai 

Spain* - • . - ^900-9^00-n 

Swedear 020 - 79^611 

Swto eiln d* 1358M 1 

' ' 05008^0011 . 





Honduras 4 * 

: Venezuela** 




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