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INTERNATIONAL 


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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 




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Paris, Friday, July 8, 1994 


No. 34,635 




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Goes On With or Without Peace 


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' By John Fr mifr et ' 

. ya rtljjpar ftB Service ' ■'■' . 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia and Herzegovina 
— On a day when the governments of the 
.United States, the leadrne'West EuTOpe- 
an . countries and Russia prcsenteoa 
peace plan. that. would effectively cot 
Bosnia m half, S&vio and Marina Basic, 
a Croat and a Scab, defied tbe odds and 
got married. - 

It was a typical Sttaievo w edding . — 
cobbled together withtnemgeamtythat 
has darned tins city’s siege. 

Ai The brideYflowxng white gown came 
if ‘from Zagreb. So did the groom's shock- 
ing purple suit. The beer made it over on 
ft newly opened Toad from Slovenia, and' 
the rice was' tossed from a package of 
hu man i t arian aid. The cognac? Smug- 
gled over the hills from theSexbs. 

Even the day, Wednesday, was pMrM 
fen* wartime reasons — part of a local 
tradition of avmding weekends^ when, 
daring Sarajevo's hardest times, the halls 
would crawl with Serb' “weekend war- 
riors,” tossing back shots of plnm brandy 
while they pounded the city with artillery 
and tank gins.'. “....■ 

“What can we do? We' have to live, 
right?" said 1 Sfivio, a tall, strildng soldier 
who serves in an anti-tank unit with the 
mostly Mns&n- Bosnian - Army. “The 
peace plan is silly. It has nothing to do 
with my tife.” 

Across tins city — inhousespacked 
• with refugees, in. the now bustling market 
where a inortar sbdl IdDed 68 civilians 
on Feb. 5, in 19-kofjr high-rises with no 
electricity — the dearness of this ermn- 
bling ca pital cast less than half an eye 
toward Geneva on Wednesday and went 

on with their Hvesr -< 

“Whatfsit got to do with me?” asked 
Redzcp Hamc, 46, an «iin mechanic 
who nad poshed his -<wu»n and gate 
Flat into a winding tine ai Sarajevo's 
station. 


countless ineffective cease-fires tha t 
break down often before they begin, the 
people of this city, a symbol of Bosnia's 
27-month-old war, seemed not really to 
care about what one man called “the 
Geneva stag and dance.” 

“I listen to the news IQ times a day and 
I read .the papers and I still don't know 
what's goingon,” said QroerHasanbego- 
vie, 43, a police detective turned gold- 
smith. v- 

Sarajevo’s profound ambivalence 
about the plan, which would cat Bosnia 
into a 51-peccenr chnsk controlkdjomt- 




trf. Xrs 

•**Ps X 
«rw C. 




ly by M nsHmy and Croats and the rest 
Tan by 


sign, they don’t sign, it -doesn't 
reaQy matter,- hesajd. #?2icrvwiafls&B 



perceive tobe the 
international .diplomacy, inured*. Jo 


_ rebel' Serbs,' stems from a feeling 
that no matter how many people want 
tfaewartostdp no one can quite come up 
with a way to do it • • 

Staring at an ethnic map of his country 
in die central police station. Dzeraal Diz- 
darevic, 56, took time off 2ns work of 
booking Sarajevo’s numerous thieves to 
wax philosophical. 

“How can yon divide it?” he asked, 
echoing oft-repeated sentiments about 
ilw leopard^pot nature of Bosnia’s eth- 
nic mix d Croats; Muslims ai v * Serbs, 
“It’s Hkeagreeiiig to divide a TV set 
Once you take out the saw and start 
cutting, you don’t have a TV set any- 

mareJv - 

In addition to tiiese difficulties, other 
impedmiaits'blDck a settlement Many 
Bosnians, on afi-sides, benefit from the 
war. Peace could mean a profound re- 
shuffling of tile governments of both the 
Muslim and Serb factions. It might even 
affect Croatia's government which until 
March-had supported the partition . 

Tile mostly Muslim zoShary, which 
has -gained -immense political power, 
could be thrown into crisis. 

On the Mushm ade, more than a nril- 
Hcat refugees still long to return to their 
homes, most of which lie an land con- 
trolled by the Serbs. Many of these peo- 
phr oppose airy settlement that denies 
them the ijghttagn hom e, 

Serb sade^there is Httie support 
which the Sfetbs 
-^wdtfdrevam About one-third of tbe land 
ti^ry have grabbed: 


Is President 



To Agree to 



By Elaine ScioHno . 

Sew York Times Soviet 

WASHINGTON — As American com- 
mandos rehearse for war and administra- 
tion officials insist that the crisis in Haiti 
must end soon, an unanswered question is 
whether President Bill Clinton himself is 
rcally wiDing to risk US. -lives to restore 
democracy to Haiti. 

Hk ai d « T insist that despite intensified 
militar y p lanning for an invasion and in- 
creased war talk, Mr. Clinton has not yet 
decided what to da 

The administration’s public actions and 
statements offer little Imp in deciphering 
Mr. Clinton’s intentions. The White House 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


m mi m to be lurching from one short-term 
sototion to another, often creating new 
problems that in turn require new quick 
fixes. 


William H. Gray 
Washington did not expect the Haitian 


envoy on Haiti, 
said Wednesday that 




Panama Won’t Take 


Refugees IromHaili 

PANAMA CITY (AP) — President 
G uiller mo Endhra of Panama mid 
Thursday that Ms country had with- 
drawn its offer to accept thousands of 
Haitian refugees. 

Mr. Eudaxa’s decision is a blow to 
U.S. efforts to cope with the flow of 
refugees from Haiti. Panama’s deci- 
sion is Hedy to increase pleasure on 
President Bm Clinton to sedc a wife 
taxy solution. 

EarUer arUde, Page J. .. 


Book Review 


Page 19. 


WORLD CUP »*•*! GRANDSTAND 


Hawii’tWaAlriadirSMn.... 

la May, in Athens, the score was AC 
Milan 4, Barcelona 0. Two very similar 
teams, Italy and Spain, play Saturday. 
Ufa— Infcfor ttwPr — — ■ » 

How fSd Bulgaria get here? Who 
knows? (Reporters- are barred.) Why 
was the Dutch plane late? A reporter 
said he had a bomb in bis bag. (He 
went home.) 


Saturday's quuwflnai att ch a w Italy vs. 
Spain, in Foxboro, Massachusetts, 1605 GMT; 
Nettwriandsva. Brazil, In DaUas,1BS5 GMT. 

Sunday^ quartartbial matches: Bulgaria vs. 
Gannany, in Earn Rutherford. New Jersey, 1 605 
GMT; Sweden vs. Romania, \n Stanford, Cafi- 
fomia, 1835 GMT. 

Wortd Cup report Pages 20 and 21 - 


rath taxy to be in power six months from 
now. But the administration has de l ivered 

UbO SUCih formal ul timatum to the fuiHtary 

junta, ordering them to leave or risk an 
invasion by a certain date, despite the 
request try die U.S. ambassador to Haiti, 
Wufiam Swing, that he be given the au- 
thority to do so, officials say. 

The adminis tration has debated, bnt 
failed to agree on, authorizing a covert 
program by the Central Intelligence Agen- 
cy to sow dissension among the military or 
finance the departure of the country’s 
three top military leaders, the officials add. 

Moreover, there is no consensus among 
Mr. Qm ton’s national security advisers on 
how much longer flic United States should 
g|ve the stringent economic sanctions to 
work before it moves to an invasion. 

The dqraty secretary of state, Strobe 
Talbott, for example, argued strongly in 
recent interagency meetings that American 
credibility was at stake and that there had 
to be a change in government by the end of 
the year at the latest, even if it took an . 
mygapn, officials said. The Pentagon re-., 
mains strongly opposed to an invasion. 

Pan of the problem in the administra- 
tion’s d«fj«arm-TTv>krng is that the tension 
between Mr. Clinton's desire to do what he 
nail* the. “moral” tiring has dashed with 
political reality; another part of the prob- 
lem is that the administration has imposed 
punitive measures an the military only in 
stages. The result is a policy that seems to 
shift with every new development at home 
or in Haiti.- - - 

Mr. Ointon’s decision on May 8 to end 
the practice of forcibly returning Haitians 
intercepted at sea came after he told aides 
that he could no longer continue a policy 
that was “making Haftans choose between 
being, drowned at sea or having their faces 
cut off on land.” ' 

But the administration estimated that 
only hundreds of Haitians a day would try 
to seek refuge in the United States; when 
thousands a day began to leave, Mr. Clin- 

See HAITI, Page 4 


UJS. troops, in maneoren, rehearsed fur an 
invasion of Haiti. Page 3, 


South Africa’s Newest Headache: Drugs 




By. Paul Taylor 

jjA WMmpOH Pm Service 

v JOHANNESBURG — In the bad old 
days of international isolation. South Afri- 
ca was largely free of hard drugs. 

With the borders now open and airports 
hu nting, illegal drugs flourish. 

“Cocaine and other hard drugs are 
spreading like wildfire,” said Sylvam de 
Miranda, medical direct dr at Johannes- 
burg’s Alcohol and Drag Services. “Ar- 
rests are up and confiscations axe Bp, but 

the street price tt down, which means tntt 

r suppfy is defnrildy getting Through. 


new: 


The increase in drug traffic has caught 
the eye erf the U.S. Drug Enforcement 
Adminis tration, which is considering set- 
ting up an office to help post-apartheid 
South Africa avoid becoming a hub on the 
trade route of international drug cartels. 

Given South Africa’s strategic location 
between the Far East and South America, 
it would be a natural transfer point 
- Certainly tbe country balds attractions 
for bigtime drug shippers: a wealthy popu- 
lation, sophisticated banking, good trans- 
portation, illegal firearms, local gangs 
whose members can save as runners and 


understaffed, underequipped law enforce- 
ment. 

Jan Smuts International Airport, the 
busiest in sub-Saharan Africa, serves 48 
international earners, mere than double 
tbe number of four years ago. The airport 
drug police, however, have not expanded 
with the traffic. 

The police use outmoded X-ray equip- 
ment and until four months ago they 
owned one cocaine-sniffing dog. But be 
died, and now the/ have none. 

“Mostly we rely on inspecting luggage 

See DRUGS, Page 4 



errua 




■r- 


By Katherine Knorr 

PARIS*— Just write one true sentence at 
a time. Ernest Hemingway said in A 
Moveable Feast,- 

vanderings around the Left Bank. There 
woe many beautiful sentences in that 
book, though not that many^raeoref. The 
other night, in one of tho« kitsdw Old 
World salons attheRitz, troth *md btera* 
nue came to Mows evcrsopditriy as lOO 
or so American 100- 

Franc-olus drinks and heard aiwinfi 
sentences from'Budd Schulbag, the 80- 
^Xmthor of “WSm Mete Sammy 


es 


ate a few punch 
,’t want to be called 


Rim?" who- ducked 
from the bully who 
Ernest 

They had come to Paris from all ova die 

United States to present papers (“Ameri- 
can Parents in the Europe of Fitzgerald’s 
Ketioh.” “Ernest and Scott: Love, War, 
and Dr. Fiend”) for the first joint gather 
lug of an unHkay couple; tbe Ernest Hem* 
ingway and the Scott Fitzgerald societies. 


privileged to have amcog ns tonight"), and 
tedunrail disaftexsJIhe Ritz, with its heavy 
Papa-Scott symbolism (signifiers, to tbe 
college crowd), is a class above all that, of 
course: No folding chairs, but light blue 
armchaire spreading out into a garden, and 
ium with gold-painted 
: was sporadic unhappiness 
i tire sparrows were making 

overhead. 



Huso is something about a conference, 
whether it*s pressure cooker salesmen or 
morticians or professors, that breeds ex- 
hausted joviality (“We are particularly 


Andorra, 
Antilles... 
Cameroon 
Egypt..- 
France... 
Gabon.— 
Greece.— 
Italy 


I lull 

h «yGx»* 
JordCBi.— 
Lebanon . 


Newsstand Prices 

„.,p.00 FF - Luxembourg « tiET 
I..L 4 Q 0 CFA Qatar kOORiOls 

E P 5DOO 

™.960CFA Sa^-.- -« 0 CPA 
•303 Or. Spain ..... 

■iflOLh* Tw*ta —M&ES 


.Jjooure 

.L12PCFA TurtW..T.L3WB0 
J JD U-A.& 

USSl-50 OJ.Mn.(£w-)^ 10 



S»5° llar ■■twu*- 

mnouidtte 

DM 

1.5716 

15779 

Pound 

1.5405 

1546 

Yw» 

- 93-60 

9&9Q 

FF 

5.4035 

5.48 


ae spouses- 
and die free-lance enthusiasts, neddaced 
with tiie inevitable name tags, bespecta- 
cled but mostly un- tweedy, Unda Wagncr- 
Martin (University of North Canmna- 
: Chapel HE) holdmg up the Hemingway 
tide, Jackson R. Bryer (University of 
Mai^and) championing Fitzgerald, and 
Matthew Broccoli of the Univosity of 
South Carolina, the reigning Fitzgerald 
scholar in the United States, who jetted in 
briefly to “take the pulse," as lie put it, of 
Lost Generation scholarship. Expats in 
letter fragments, in tbe parting of inten- 
tions, tbe footnoting of emotions, these 
were people who can remember the first 
names of aS the minor characters and find 
See PARIS, Page 4 




_ Fraxu/Afcncc Fnace-Piwc 

Mr. Cfintoo laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Warsaw. 


Governments Lose Clout 
In New Monetary Order 


By Carl Gewirtz 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Mare than a decade after 
governments began liberalizing and dereg- 
ulating financial markets, a new monetary 
order is taking shape, one that raises the 
question: Are the governments fast be- 
coming the governed? 

Friday, as the leaders of the Group of 
Seven industrial nations open their annual 
summit meeting in Naples, they wQl be 
hard pressed to show that despite the new 
itives of the marketplace they are 


mestic equity markets — and the increas- 
ing risk of instability in world financial 
markets. 

It is the fear of this contagions instabil- 
ity — exacerbated by the volume, speed 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


and complexity of international capital 
flows that is increasingly forcing gov- 


See G-7, Page 4 



of government is bong 
away,” says Richard O’Brien at 
Ameri c an Express Bank in London. 


Berhisconi on Dollar 


Market upsets, such as the year-long 
' the turbu- 


weakness in bond prices and 
knee in the foreign exchange market, are 
nothing new. What is different is the high 
degree of contagion — especially between 
bond markets, which in turn threatens do- 


Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi of 
Italy, speaking on the eve of the Group 
of Seven summit in Naples, for which he 
is the host, said the weak dollar is good 
for the United States and Italy. 

He added that intervention by the 
central banks to support the dollar 
would be useless. (Page 11) 



Float Lcoohoidt/Apar Prancc^nw 

LI VISITS BAVARIA — Prime Minister Li Peng of China, bong 
escorted on his arriral Tlnnrsday in Munich by Bavaria’s premier, Edmond 
Stoiber. Protests marred his earlier visits to Berlin and Weimar. Page 4. 


3k 


Clinton Vows 
To Warsaw: 
No Weil of 


Indifference’ 


But Poles Are Skeptical 
Of Promise of Inclusion 
In Integrated 9 Europe 


By Douglas Jehl 

New York Times Sernce 

WARSAW — President Bill Clinton of- 
fered a message of reassurance to this 
capital in the heart of Central Europe on 
Thursday with words, gestures and a token 
gift of aid intended to display his hope thai 
all of Europe might soon be knit with 
economic and security ties. 

But Mr. Clinton’s overture, made in pri- 
vate meetings and an eloquent address to 
the Polish National Assembly, appeared to 
have gone only a small way toward sooth- 
ing the uneasiness so prevalent here among 
Poles fearful that their aspiration to a 
Western embrace could fall victim to 
Western fickleness. 

In a country whose history has been 
tortured by betrayal from both West and 
East, Mr. Clinton insisted that he had no 


intention of leaving Poland and its neigh- 
bors isolated and alone. 


He said the United States felt a respon- 
sibility to include them in a wider Europe 
“democratic and free, integrated and unit- 
ed" 

And he proclaimed: “We will not let the 
Iron Curtain be replaced with a veil of 
indifference.” 

But his promise of more than $200 mil- 
lion in new grants and loans was acknowl- 
edged by administration officials to repre- 
sent no more than a small gesture toward 
nudging Poland along a path of economic 
change. 

And Polish leaders across the political 
spectrum expressed disappointment that 
Mr. Clinton again stopped short of saying 
exactly when the United States and its 
partners would accept their country as a 
full-member of the North Atlantic Alli- 
ance. 

“It was a beautiful speech but did little 
to satisfy our security expectations," said 
Bronislaw Geremek, a member of the cen- 
trist Freedom Union party and chairman 
of tiie parliamentary Foreign Affairs Com- 
mittee. “To us this represents a lack of 
momentum.” 

It was difficult to say whether that re- 
flected a certain nnrealism on the part of 
the Poles or the new stinginess of an Amer- 
ican government unwilling to shower Po- 
land with generous aid and not yet ready to 
promise to go to war to defend its borders. 
But it left Mr. Clinton’s visit here shad- 
owed by a certain tension. 

Even Mr. Clinton, while proclaiming 
this to be Poland’s best opportunity in its 
350 years to win peace and security, on 


Thursday reflected some of the apprehen- 
sion he had from heard from President 


Lech Walesa and others in warning that 
“history and geography caution us not to 
take this moment for granted." 

The president pointed Thursday to ihe 
joint military exercises to be staged here 
two months from now by NATO and Pol- 
ish forces as a sign that the new Partner- 
ship for Peace is truly intended as a means 

Sec CLINTON, Page 4 


Simpson Judge 
Lets in Evidence 
Of Bloodstains 


The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — In a setback for tbe 
defense, a criminal court judge ruled 
Thursday that the prosecution can use a 
bloody glove and bloodstains found at O J. 
Simpson's house as evidence that he 
should stand trial for murder. 

The judge. Kathleen Kennedy-Powell, 
said that even though detectives did not 
have a warrant, they did nothing improper 
by scaling a wall at Mr. Simpson’s resi- 
dence after noticing a small bloodstain on 
his car and becoming concerned that lives 
were in danger. 

The policemen went to Mr. Simpson’s 
house after having found the bodies of his 
forma wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, 35, 
and a friend of here, Ronald Goldman, 25, 
outside ha home two miles away. Mr. 
Simpson is accused of killing them both. 
He has pleaded not guilty. 

“The court finds that tbe detectives were 
in fact working for a benevolent purpose in 
light of the brutal attack and that they 
reasonably believed that a further delay 
could have resulted in the unnecessary loss 
of life," Judge Kennedy-Powell said. “And 
therefore, the court denies the defense mo- 
tion to suppress." 

In addition to the glove, which was 
found on the grounds of Mr. Simpson's 
residence and seemed to match one found 
at the scene of the June 12 killings, the 
items in the defense motion included 
bloodstains on his driveway and a blood 
spot on the driver's door of Mr. Simpson's 
white Ford Bronco parked on the street 

“This would be a veiy easy decision for 
me if in fact these officers went in there 
like storm troopers fanning out over the 
property, examining every leaf, every car, 
every closet every nook and cranny at this 


See TRIAL, Page 4 





Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TODAY, JUIX 8/ 1994 


Algerian Fundamentalists Tied 
To Killing of Italian Ship’s Crew 


By A] an Cowell 

New York Tima Service 

NAPLES — In what ap- 
peared to an attack by Islamic 
fundamentalists who have 
vowed to kill foreigners, seven 
Italian seamen were found mur- 
dered with their throats slit 
aboard a ship in an Algerian 
port Thursday, Italian officials 
said. 

The entire crew had appar- 
ently been slain as they slept, 
bringing to 42 the number of 
foreigners murdered in terrorist 
attacks in Algeria since the fun- 


in gS may have been timed to 
coincide with the gathering of 


rich and powerful nations, 
which the Islamic fundamental- 


some 3.7QG lives since 1992 
when the military government 
cjwicfllflri an election that Islam- 
ic fundamentalists seem to have 


damen 

Jamie 


ian Armed 1s- 

Grouptb 

October to leave the country or 


\lgen; 
told f i 


d foreigners last 


face retribution. 

News of the attack in the port 
of Djedjen, near JrjeL 200 miles 
(320 kilometers) east of Algiers, 
reached Italy as Prime Minister 
Silvio Berlusconi prepared to 
host leaders of the Croup of 
Seven major industrialized na- 
tions in Naples. 

One Italian official. Deputy 
Prime Minister Giuseppe Ta- 
tarella, suggested that the kill- 


ists accuse of backing the Alge- 
rian military government. 

“All strategies of terror are 
linked to various aims," Mr. Ta- 
tarella said in Rome. “Today 
was the G-7 but one can also see 
this in the broader context of 
destabilizing relations among 
the Mediterranean countries.'* 

According to Italian officials 
and diplomats, the seven Ital- 
ians had arrived in the Algerian 
port Wednesday aboard the 
Naples-based freighter Ludna 
bearing a cargo of grain, one of 
Italy’s biggest exports to Alge- 
ria. 

The killers apparently crept 
aboard the unguarded ship at 
night. When no one appeiued 
on deck Thursday, investigators 
found the ship’s crew in their 
cabins with their throats slit, 
officials said. 

Algeria's strife between Is- 
lamic f undamentalis ts and gov- 
ernment forces has claimed 


won. 

Last May, also in the Jijei 
region near the newly bunt 


Djedjen port, a bus was am- 
Eleven 


bushed. Eleven Algerians and 
three Russians died. The worst 
single attack came last Decem- 
ber when 12 Groats woe found 
murdered with their throats slit. 

Italy is the single biggest im- 
porter of Algerian natural gas 
and 100 of its citizens are work- 
ing in the south of the country, 
prospecting for oil and gas. 

Authorities in Algeria are 
still searching for another Ital- 
ian, Ferruccio Franchini, who 
disappeared last weekend. 

Previously, many fundamen- 
talist attacks have been directed 
at the French, the former colo- 
nial rulers. 

Mr. Berlusconi urged “the 
healthy part" of Algerian soci- 
ety to “marginalize the sick part 
that dedicates itself to terror- 


ism. 


Carrying On , Amid Disaster 

Rwanda’s Battered Government Keeps Its Upper Lip Stiff 


By Jonathan C. Randal 

Washington Peal Service 

GISENYT, Rwanda — With- 
in just a few days their capital 
has fallen and so has the second 
city. The triumphant rebels 
have named their own prime 
minister. Their erstwhile 
French allies have cut a deal 
with their enemies and their en- 
emies’ principal foreign backer. 

But inside the Meridien Ho- 
tel complex on Rwanda’s Lake 
Kivu riviera, as the travel bro- 
chures called it, it was business 
as usual Thursday for Rwan- 
da’s beleaguered government 

Ministers, senior officers and 
excellencies of all descriptions 
went through the formal paces 
of administration at the luxury 
hotel which once catered to 
wealthy Westerners. 

Heavily guarded by soldiers 
and black-bereted commandos, 
the Hutu officials who stand 
accused of having presided over 
the slaughter of perhaps 
500,000 mostly Tutsi fellow 
Rwandans have no regrets or 
remorse they wish to communi- 
cate to visitors. 

Like so many governments 
on the run throughout history, 
the little court assembled here is 
devoted to self-justification and 
accusing their enemies of the 
predominantly Tutsi Rwanda 
Patriotic Front of manipulating 
the international community. 

First driven out of the capi- 
tal, Kigali, then ending up here, 
the government remains at- 
tached to the trappings of pow- 
er. 

Much in evidence were cellu- 
lar phones, used to communi- 
cate to the outside world their 
aggrieved message of a misun- 
derstood and traduced ruling 
elite which has its deepest ana 
most radical roots here in the 
northwest. 


12 Die in Russian Mine Blast 


Reuters 

MOSCOW — At least 12 
workers were killed and three 
injured Thursday m a coal mine 
explosion in central Kazakh- 
stan, Itar-Tass news agency 
said. 


“I am not dismayed,” he said, 
encapsulating the government's 
stiff- upper-lip approach. 

Information Minister Eliezer 
Niyitegeka was equally stoic, 
but without illusion about the 
government's predicament. The 
only solution, he said, would be 
to lift the United Nations arms 
embargo on Rwanda which he 
and the rest of the government 
blame for the army's poor 
showing. 

Pressed about charges of 
genocide leveled against the 
government, he said, “I know 2 
am wanted and I am ready to 
appear in court because I have 
nothing to reproach myself 
with. 1 am innocent” 

His only regret was that he 
had lost considerable commer- 
cial and real estate holdings in 
Kigali, “all destroyed by the 
RPR” 

The government was forced 
to fight “with one hand tied 
behind its back,” he said, while 
tiie front “still gets aid from 
Uganda and great powers,” 
which be refused to name for 
“reasons of state." 

The army, its ammunition ex- 
hausted, did not lose Kigali, the 
capital, he explained, but 
obeyed “government evacua- 
tion orders to withdraw rather 
tha n be massacred.” 

The front had named a mod- 
erate Hutu prime minister, but 
remained “usurpers," as the Or- 
ganization of African Unity in 
its summit meeting in Tunis de- 
cided in rqecting its demands 
to represent Rwanda, he said. 
“We are the internationally rec- 
ognized government with em- 
bassies accredited with all the 
major capitals.” 

Maybe so, but were not the 
government’s longtime French 
allies dropping them just two 
weeks after Hutu in the ever 
shrinking government area de- 
liriously greeted French troops 
with flowers and tricolor flags? 

“The French are doing what 
they said they would do,” the 


the government presence here? 
After an embarrassed silence, 
one boy nodded in the direction 
of the border with Zaire, barely 
a mile away. 

That at least was a straight- 
forward explanation lacking in 
the carefully calculated phrases 
at the Meridiem So, too, was the 
beer-inspired hiss of a Rwan- 
dan soldier as he watched for- 
eign journalists eat lunch near 
the Meridien. 

“They have betrayed us and 
should leave,” he said. 

“You mean the French?” 

“No,” he said, “all of you.” 




Mari® CmHo/TI* Aooebicd Ptm 


SPAIN AFLAME — Fire fighters trying Thursday to control a forest blaze near 
Li jar, Spain. Nineteen people have died in wildfires in southern and eastern Spam. 


WORLD BRIEFS 


Gorbachev Denies 1 unentiiig Plot 

MOSCOW m - SSSS£S 


mSteJlBd CtomBmfl.PHW tato who is toe star witness at 
the trial of the one remaining defendant 


the trial of the one remaining aao^ina atlernpu 

^ssEKKassgKgs as 

almost all the ^defendants said 

■•^SSSOSSSS^SKi 

Varenml^fOTnifir commander of Soviet ground forces, masted 
that his trial continue because, he ssid, Ee had committed no 


crime. 



* 


I 


f 


^war, 

Zszte, Angola's eastern 


=*««««-„ «ubor, is a conduit for supplies to 

rebels fi ghi™g the government of Angola s president, Jos6 
Eduardo tkw Santos. Mn dos Santos and the president of Zaire, 
Marshal Mobutu Sese Seko, took part Thursday in talks held by- 
P residm i Nrisnn Mandela of South Africa. 

Mr Mandda also has invited the Angolan rebel leader, Jonas. 
SavknbL to South Africa for talks intended to bring a face-to-face 
meeting between Mr. Savimbi and Mr. dos Santos. The moves, 
appeared intended to reduce MmdialMobutos support for Mr. 
Savimbi and remove Zaire as a major factor in the Angctfan war. ‘ 


Christopher Trip to Hanoi Unlikely 


WASHINGTON CAP) — Vietnam has given new assurances of! 
cooperation in .dctebmmug the fate of m i ss ing U^S. paffil — - 
personnel, but not en o u g h to justify a | J ' 

Hanoi by Secretary of State Warren M. 

• Ann Mffls Griffiths, head of the largest organization of I. 
of Americans unaccounted for. since the Vietnam War, 
Thursday that there were no plans for Mr. Christopher to (_ 
Vietnam after attending a conference in Thailand later 
.month. . , .... 



. Mr. Christopher was in i 
U.S. officials said a stop in Vietnam was xmhkdy. 


Nigerian Army to Distribute Fuel 

LAGOS (AH’) — NiMz^snHlitaiyririffs ordered the. army 

take over the fad distribution system Thursday, claiming th . 
strikers ' prote s ting , the would-be president’s arrest were Tickling!; 
the cotnrtiy for. ransom. 

The move came a day after the government charged Moshood 
K. O. Abkria with 1 treason. He was presumed to be the winner of 
the canoded 1993 piesukntial election. Arrested also was the 
leader of the union that cnqganized the oil strike to press for Mr. 
Abiola’s release. -■ • 

day paralyzed public transpeot in 

Lagos. - 






Arafat Vows to Amend Anti-Israel Charter 


The Associated Press 

PARIS — Yasser Arafat promised 
Thursday to convene the Palestinian par- 
liament-m-exile “in the very near future” 
to delete calls for Israel's destruction from 
the Palestinian charter. 

The amendments were called for in the 
May 4 accord between Israel and the Pal- 
estine Liberation Organization that estab- 
lished limited Palestinian autonomy in the 
Gaza Strip and West Bank town of Jeri- 
cho. 

Israeli rightists have died the references 
in their campaign to weaken public sup- 
port for the agreement 

The planned meeting in Gaza of the 
Palestine National Council was an- 


nounced in ajoint Israeli- Palestinian state- 
ment after Mr. Arafat, the FLO chairman. 


The co mmnm qnfc said Mr. Arafat “in- 
tends to convene the PNC in Gaza in the 
very near future in order to . . . submit for 
formal approval the necessary changes to 
the Palestinian Covenant as undertaken in 
his letter ... to the prime minister of Isra- 
el” 

The two rides agreed to resume talks 
next week in Cairo. 

Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel 
said his delegation also planned to meet 
with Jordanian officials in an effort to 
broaden the Middle East peace initiative. 

Mr. Arafat said Wednesday that Israel 
must fallow up its breakthrough with the 
Palestinians by reaching peace agreements 
with Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. 


and Israeli officials held another round of 
negotiations on the expansion of Palestin- 
ian autonomy. 


turn of the first elections for the Palestin- 
ian entity and the release erf more Palestin- 
ian prisoners by IaaeL 
Israel said in the communique that it 
would respond to the Palestinians' request 
to release imprisoned women, and the 
PLO promised to remove the references in 
its charter to Israel's destruction. 


Syria blamed Israel Thursday entirely 
for the standstill in Mideast peace talks. 
The accusation in the newspaper Ti&hrin 
was in response to Mr. Rabm’s statement 
Wednesday that the two countries were so 
far apart in negotiations that only U.S. 
mediation could bring them together. 

• Uri Savir, director-general of the Israeli 
Foreign Ministry and a leading negotiator, 
said Mr. Arafat needed a two-thuds ma- 
jority in the 468-member Palestine Nation- 
al Council to amend the Palestinian Char- 
ter. 

“I imagine he won’t convene the council 


unless he can meet the commitment,” Mr. 
Savir told Israel Radio. “The com mitmen t 
isn’t only to put it to a vote but to pass it” 

Mr. Arafat, Mr. Rabin and Foreign 
Minister Shimon Peres of Israel met for 90 
minutes before jointly receiving a United 
Nations peace prize. 

Mr. Peres and Mr. Arafat met for more 
than two hours earlier, emerging together 
to tell reporters they were pleased with 
their progress. - r . 

Mr. Arafat, who described the talks as 
“verypositive,” departed for Tunis, where 
he wm prepare for his permanent move to 
Gaza and Jericho. He made his first hornet 
coming to the Palestinian lands last week. 

The next phase of the peace process 
involves extended autonomy to otter areas' 
of the West Bank and empowering Jak»r 
tinian authorities to handle taxation, edu- 
cation, health care, tourism and other mat- 
ters. 

Mr. Rabin said three joint committees 
were formed to work on the next phases. 

“We accepted in principle that the Pal- 
estinians wm manage them own affairs to: 
the extent that this doesn’t threaten the 
security of Israel and Israelis,” he said. 

Mr. Rabin later told Israel Radio that 
Israel had agreed to a Palestinian request ‘ 
to add elections to the negotiating agenda. 


Thai Aide Calls Ex-U.S. Envoy a Devil 

BANGKOK (AFP) — Thailand's army chief called the former 
US. ambassador, Menton Abramcpyitz^a ^devfl*' mid an enemyof 

■ the former 

envoy’s information ^j.patdated- and. false. General WimoFs _ 
outburst echoed eadfcr. reactions from the Thai government 
. Mr. AbnffifomtZspiaxed a furor hm when he wrote m May in 
The Washington Post thatpregs a re should beplaocd on Thailand 
to halt its supportfor the Khmer Rot^e, which continues to battle ‘ . V - 
the Phnom Penh government ' 

U.iL43iiiiaRecoiidbation Advances : -’v- 


> .• * 
jb- 


V-,4 

J, w 


BEIJING (AP) — In another rign'Of reconciliation over Hong " 
Kong, China said Thursday that a senior British official would 1 ’• 
anivem B^ngjssxt week for talks. . . ~ 

Alastair Goodlad. Britain’s minister for Hong Kong affairs, will *• •“ 


future. 


“ 'CiMrtfemktSm'pf Me. Goodlatfs visit supported evidence that" > 
L ondon and Bering have shelved thdr argument over doctoral • 
reforms and are focusing instead on the colony’s transition from’ 
British toChincse sovereignty in 1997. 


For die Record 


Holocaust, justice sources said Thursday in Bordeaux. It is illegal 
in France to selF or exhibit Kterature that is either anti-Semitic or 
incites racial hatred. (Reuters) '. 


minis ter said, “and that is hdp- 
by the 



Royal Plaza 

MONTREUX 


tn&t*** 6 


Be part of 
Europe's greatest 
water wonderland. 


The only grand 
hotel right on the shore 
of Lake Geneva. 


1820 MONTREUX - SWITZERLAND 
TlSl- 41-21/963 5131 
FAX 41-21/963 5637 


mg Rwandans displaced by 
war.” 

Hoping to persuade his visi- 
tors of the rebels' expansionist 

aims the minister said the front 

not only determined to 


Vatican Begins Birth- Control Battle 


The West Is Accused of Practicing ‘Biological Colonialism 9 


France Removes 
Police Official 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


-IT' ■'•T. 


Reuters 


was 


conquer this northwest pocket 
of government territory, but 
parts of noghboring Burundi, 
Tanzania, Uganda and Zaire as 
welL” 

Well away from the carefully 
guarded hotel Gisenyi was 
packed with exhausted refugees 
fleeing feared retribution. 

Three young men from the 
government stronghold of Ru- 
hengeri said they had walked 40 
miles because of that fear. 

Were they safer because of 




“the oHgtnal~ 

Just tell the taxi driver, 
“Sank mo doe noa " 9 
5. rue Daunou Paris (Qp&a) 

TeL-p)4Z61J1.24 


VATICAN CITY — The 
Vatican, gearing up for a fight 
with the United Nations at a 
conference on population, ac- 
cused the West on Thursday of 
“biological colonialism” by 
positing abortion and contra- 
ception as family planning 
methods. 

The attack came in the intro- 
duction of a new book on scien- 
tific studies of natural birth- 
control methods, the only kind 
of contraception approved by 
the Roman Catholic Church. 
The book was presented at a 
news conference. 


Hie introduction to the book 
restated Vatican charges of 
“blackmail” by developed 
countries, which it says some- 
times link economic aid to the 
acceptance of contraception. 

The introduction said devel- 
oped nations resisted natural 
family p lanning because it of- 
fered “liberation from one of 
the most insidious forms of po- 
litical domination, the ‘biologi- 
cal colonialism' which is exer- 
cised with regard to 
procreation.” 

It was written by Car dinal 
Alfonso L6pez Trujillo, head of 
the Pontifical Council for the 


mi ask the butler... 




N-C-A-P-O-R-E 


Vlrrr icrrttt it fxjrhtmg mil it J» Srt. 


Family, to introduce the find- 
ings of a 1992 Vatican-spon- 
sored conference on natural 
birth control Led by Pqpe John 
Paul II, Roman Catholic 
Church leaders around the 
world have launched a cam- 
paign to infiuenoe a UN popu-. 
lation conference to be held in 
Cairo in September. 

The UN conference will pre- 
sent a 20-year plan to stabilize 
the world’s population. Pro- 
grams win include the right to 
safe abortion, contraception, 
primary health care for women 
and infants, and “a global facil- 
ity" for contraceptives. 

. Cardinal Trujillo’s introduc- 
tion suggested that govern- 
ments of developed countries 
and international organizations 
opposed, natural family plan- 
ning methods “because they go 
against powerful industrial 
economic and financial inter- 
ests.” 


The Associated Press- 

PARIS — The head of the 
ice intelligence service was 



disclosures that ms agency 
eavesdropped on a dosed-door 
meeting of die opposition So- 
cialist Party’s leadership. 

Claude Bardon, a senior 
French police official will be 
reassigned at a later date, .said 
Interior Minister Charles JPas- 
qua, who also removed a lower- 
ranking commissioner in the in- 
telligence service. .. 


Travelers Face Athens Airport Delays, 

ATHENS (Reuters) — - Millions of tourists arriving in Greece 
tins summer can expect long delays at Atheds aiiport because of 4 • 
dispute involving air traffic controllers, a union spokesman said' 
Thursday. • v. 

\ “The ddays tange between one and four hours for alm ost aB* 
incoming ana outgoing fUghts during the summer season,” said 
Manolis Antoniadis, a spokesman for the union. - 
Delays me fhie to a refusal by controllers to work overtime, an 
inadequate radar system at the Athens tower and a 30 
increase in fl i g hts during the summer, he mij; 


Three men were gored In Fampkma, Spain, as hundreds dashed 
a head o f six fighting bulls in the opening of the annual Bad’ 
remain festival of dank, dance and machismo. All three under- 
went emergency surgery. 




Mr. 

criticism from Socialist law- 
makers on Wednesday when he 
tried to minimize the June 19 
incident He attributed it to the 
“individual initiative” of an' of- 
ficer in a conference center se- 
curity room equipped with a 
speaker on which he could hear 
the deliberations. The Socialist 
Party leader, Henri Emmaa- 
uefli, described Mr. Pasgua’s 
explanation as “unconvincing.” 


Greece has exteadeda ban do private can m central Athens in a‘ 
f? Pfflutian as the hot windless weatiier exmtih- 1 


ued. O^ half tbedty’s taxis iwD be Allowed into 
from 7 AJM. to 3 P3L“ ’ " _ 




— — ^ UUV UTOA4LJ VWIkM. 

7.T.T? 1 * -^raday. Temperatures of up to 37 degrees 

centigrade (99 degrees Fahrenheit) were expected Friday. (At % \ 

. A 51 " 55®® ^ F€»iy, toebGger capitat was intemmted by a 48?? "A 
th ?L** ¥tod but authoritite -refused W v< 

offiaafly dose the airport. An Air France Airbus A-300 arriving v 
from Pans landed despite the absence of fire crews and othtt -■?:> 
ground staff, members of the dvil aviation hxtion said. (Reuters$~ % 
The St Grtthanl road bond has reqmed afta 1 a trade Harz y 

SS? ^?S^l Qnc ^ J E®ope’s most important irafffcA ’ 
routes. Police, however, warned about traffic jam* (Reuters)' '? 


To call from country to country, or back to the U.S., dial the WorldPhone number pf the &untjy you're.calling from. 


Universal 

Translator 


Andgiu 

CAvaUaUe from public eardphoaes only.) *2 
Algernons* 001 -800-333-1111 

AusxbKCO* 022-003-012 

BahamastCC 1-800424-1000 

Bahrtn 800-002 

BelghnnCCCT* 0800-10012 

ScnmdR-i- 1-800-623-OW 

Bolivu* 0-800-2222 

BnxU 000^012 

Canada 1-800-888^000 

Cayman Islands 1^00-624-1000 

ChlWCO OOt-0316 

CoiomUalCO* 900-1^0001 

Cosu Bkx« 162 


Cyprus* 080-90000 

Czech BepubBdOO 00-42-0001 12 

DcmtarklCCH 8001-0022 

Domlnlfm Republic 1 -800-75 1-6024 

Ecuador* 170 

EgypdCQ* 

(OuuUfe of Cairo, dial 02 first} 355-5770 

□ Salvador* 193 

HnlandCGO* 9800-102-80 

FcanoetCO* 19T-00-19 

GamUa* - 00-1-99 

GenunyfCO 01304)012 

CLimlted imlabUuy in eastern Germany.) 
GttwsfCQ* 00-WM2I1 

Grenada*)* 1-8004Q4-8721 


Guatemala* 

Halxi (CO* 

Houdms-* 

. BmgaiytCO* 

Iceland* 

Ireland', CO 
bndlCCC - 
lalyfCO* 

Jamaica 

Kenya 

(Available bom mas major dries.) 
LtcdaXcmtetoCQ* 

T mwnli viTg 

MexkoA 
Mtmaco(CO* 


189 

001-800-444-1234 

001-800-674-7000 

O0V-8O04J1411 

999-002 

1-800-35-1001 

177-150-2727 

172-1022 

800-674-7000 


080011 
1554Q22 
.0800-0112 
93-800-67V7000 
19V-00-19 


N«htxfamds(CQ» 06-022-91-22 

NeriagtmdsAadlfcatCQ* 001-8004150-1022 

NjcaeagMrfCO .... 

(Outside of Managua, dial 02 first.) ' 166 
NmwayfCQ* 800-19912 

Pan a ma 108 

MUtaoy Baser .’■•2810-108 

?*nga* y* - ^ w ..(X»*n^00 

PcmCOuHtdc ofUiio, tfld 190finO ’’ &01-190 
PukudWQ 0V-O14H-#»222 

PonogaKCO 054)17-1234 

Puerto RktKCQ * 140*8884000 

San MarinbCCO* - . 172-1022 

Slovak HepoWfcfCO 0&42-000112 

South 


SpafnCCG 
Sc Lada 
JoaedenCCQo 
SwitedniUcaa 
Trinidad & Tobago - 
(SPEC^npNES ONW). 


900494014 

191-997-0001 

020-795422 

1554)222 


. da U5. using 8T . 08Q0494K22 
tttaH the uaag MERCURY 0500490422 

ibciff anywhere odier than the UMSOO-BOMOOt 
Uruguay 

JJAYfegtaWaadiCCO 1400488400Q' 
Vatican OtyKQ 172-1022 ' 

VeKada+*. . . 800-11144 


■mi 


:av 






rev.... 


Use your MQ Card,* loed telephone card « call 
iCQCaBBBy-BMOBBByGdhiganiUdc. May act be 
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puUc phew only, fair depends an cafi taigln to Masco, t 
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?■ .Sr. — 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 


Page 3 


'FINAL R 



kL r l§ 1 fei- ;!§*ik ISP'S ^S2r i& 


U.S. Commandos Trained for Invasion of Haiti 


A Marine 
members of the 


Boti JonUe/Tbe Anodocd ftn 


tebefing dates for ships at Camp Lejeane, Narft Carofina, as about 2,000 
I tbe 24th Marine ExperiHionaiy Unit prepared to deploy to waters off Haiti. 


By Michael R. Gordon 

New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — Step- 
ping up preparations for a pos- 
sible miervention in Haiti to 
retnoveits military leaders, U.S. 

■ farces have rehearsed a plan to 
seize airfields and ports there, 
according to Pentagon officials. 

One military expert de- 
scribed the exercise as a “final 
rehearsal” and said the profi- 
ciency demonstrated would re- 
main high for three to six 
weeks; after that, more training 
would probably be required 
The exercise, which involved 
more than a thousand comman- 
dos who would most likely 
serve as a vanguard, took place 
two weeks ago in the southeast- 
ern United States and the Gulf 
of Mexico, the officials said 
A battalion of army Rangers 
flew, from Savannah, Georgia, 

. and “seized" an isolated airfield 
at Eglin Air Force Base, in Flor- 
ida, which was intended to rep- 
resent the airfield at Port-au- 
Prince^ Haiti's capital. Navy 
commandos operating from 
ships in the Gulf of Mexico 
practiced capturing a port 
. Army Rangers conducted the 
same kind of exercises at Fg fin 
just before the United States 
invaded Panama in December 
1989 to overthrow Genera] Ma- 
nuel Antonio Noriega. 

The administration says it is 
still pursuing economic sanc- 
tions in the hope of forcing the 
military leaders to step down. 
But officiate have warned that 
they are keeping open the op- 
tion of using force to restore to 
power the president, the Rever- 
end Jean-Bertrand Aristide, 
and stem a "flood of Haitians 
that is overwhelming refugee 
centers in the Caribbean. 

As long as the administration 




*V 






The Associated Press 

. . AMERICUS, Georgia — Raring floodwaters 
turned towns into islands and filled at least 18 
some of whom ware swept to death as 
r watched helplessly. 

About half a miTfi on peopfe were left without 
safe drink^.water. - 

The death toll from the floods in southern and 
central Georgia rose with the discovery of five 
mdse bodies in Americtis. Seven people were 
swallowed ;np by. floodwaters Wednesday near 
the town, wmchgot23 inches (59 millimeters) of 
iamin24hcurs. 

.' i 

roar 
Moreno 

The fipodin& camedby heavy rains from the 
remnants of toe tropical storm designated Al- 
berfcv forced hundreds of people from their 


^ V’ ^ 

were missing. Fire Chief Steve 


homes, washed out roads and bridges and sent 
flash floods racing across the sodden earth. Gov- 
ernor ZeD Miller declared 30 of the state’s 159 
counties disaster areas. More rain fell Thursday 
for the fourth-straight day. 

Damage to public facilities like water plants, 
roads and bridges was estimated at $58 million. 
There was no immediate estimate for homes or 
businesses. 

The flood made an island of Americas, less 
than 10 miles (16 kilometers) from the home of 
former President Jimmy Carter. In the town, 
helpless bystanders watched a screaming woman 
clutching a baby slip into tbe rumbling Town. 
Creek. 

The bridge had just washed out and the wom- 
an stood mi her car as it slowly slid down the 
bank. The woman and her child were among the 
missing. 


.* * m 


, -a** 


Argentines Floods Ravage Central Georgia 
Say ‘Boom 9 

Is a Mirage 

By Nathaniel C Nash. 

New YorkTImes Service 

BUENOS AIRES — They 
came from the steamy jungles 
of the north, the moimtainoos 
areas of the west and the frigid 
expanses of the smith, tens of 
thoasands_jof.Ax^^ 
protest to President Carios Sadi 
Menem that they fed excluded . 
from the economic tmnannmd 
that Argentina has seen over the 
last three years. ... 

Riding for days in convoys of 
cars and buses, a crowd vari- 
ously estimated at 30,000 to 
60,000 finally arrived m the 
centerof tbe capital Wednesday 
afternoon, marched down 
Avenida de Mayo and gathered 
outside the presidential resi- 
dence, the Casa Rosada, in the 
lazgest demonstration against 
Mr. Menem in more than three 
years. 

Though Mr. Menem add the 
mar ch would not change his 
thinking, it wasa sobering event 
for his government, a reminder 
that whOc the country 's eco - 
nomic growth hasbeen strong, 
poverty is still entreuched and 
many from the lower nriddlo- 
dass have sKppedintp the ranks 
of the poor, having the country 
deeply divided. .. 

' “Menem says things are get- 
ting better all the time, but for 
us in the provinces, thing? are 

getting worse all the time, *?*** 

Atioa Mayal a stale worker 
from Tierra dd Fuego, m the 
far south. . 

“We are poorer now than 
Hirce years ago, and we have 
fewer jobs." 

Fearing violence and conges- 

. ■ »lncM< tlw renter 


13 Fire Fighters Die on Colorado Peak 


_ - CompUcdby Our Staff Ftvm Dispatches 

■ DENVER — Trapped by a win of flames, 13 
fire frehzerc died and three othm were missing in 
a swift-moving forest fire near Glenwood 
Springs, Colorado, the authorities said. . 

it 'was the worst disattcrof its kind in the 
United Stales in more thanoO years. 

The. Maze also 1 figured:, three fire fighters 
among the team of 50 smoke jumpers, a crew of 
Bureau of Land Management fire fighters 
trained- to parachute into hard-to-reach areas. 
They were trapped late Wednesday about 


Steam King Mountain. The terrain left noplace 
to Bee, said the Gazfidd County andersheriff. 
Levy Rums. ■ , . • j • •• 

.. . Survivors escaped to bomeckwer ground and 
sheltered themselves under fireproof blankets. 


By Thursday morning, more than 60 homes 
had been evacuated as the fire spread eastward, 
_ more than 2,000 acres (800 hectares) 
threatening the town of 6,000 people. 

The fire was sparked by lightning Sunday in a 
grove of trees, and burned slowly until it was 
framed by hot, dry winds gusting to more than 30 
miles an hour (SO kilometers per horn) Wednes- 
day afternoon. What had been a relatively small 
blaze suddenly turned on tbe fire fighters. 

Mr. Burris said the fire fighters died when 
flames crested a steep ridge and “just exploded 
over their positions." 

About 7,000 fire fighters, 38 helicopters and 32 
aerial tankers were on the fire lines in Arizona, 
New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, 
Idaho, Utah, Nevada and California. (LA T, AP) 


Police inN.Y. Looked the Other Way 

Corropt Officers Acted Like Street Gangs, Report Finds 


n Ti IM “P HU4VUW — Cl- - 

l io n, the police closed the center 
of the caty to most t ragic f ar 
scores of blocks. An estimated 




20,000 officers backed by ar- 
mored cars moun ted wi th water 

cannon fined the streets. _ 
TTiere were no reports of vio- 
lence, and after t he two-b ore 
protest, the demonstrators dis- 
banded peacefully. 

The crowd filled Ptoa de 
Mayo, where throngs had gath- 
ered in the 1950s to cheer Juan 
Perdu and his wife, Eva; where 
military leaders were cteered 

jsa-fifBSsfsgS 

where the mothers 

leftists who had disappf^ 

marched in silence 

day during Argentines duty 

war” in the 1980 s. 

There were unionists ofall 
kinds, representing 
ers, ushers, vnxk 
pharmaceutical 

tritians and farmers. TOfire 

were rightists Communists, So- 


he protesters 
and frustration ja tter 
cs as they stood re 
- ■ — - chanting and 


res. . , . 

[ of their salaries, 

id did not cover 

s, and their sense 
provinces, there 

®ic future- 

e of coiuption 
ament leaders and 
wealth that many 
in Buenos Aires 


By Clifford Kraoss 

New York Times Service 

'■ NEW YORK — • A “wfllful 
blindness”- to corruption 
throughout the ranks of the 
New York Gty Police Depart- 
ment has allowed highly orga- 
nizedneSwajisQfrogueofficOT 
to deal in drugs ana prey on 
black and Hispanic neighbor- 
hoods, according to the final 
report of the commission that 
investigated the department. , 

“Scores of officers told as 
that they believed the depart- 
ment did not want them to re- 
peat corruption, that, such in- 
formation was often ignored 
and that their careers would be 
rumed if they did so,” the Mdl- 
len Commission on police cor- 
ruption said in its report “The 
ewdenre shows that this belief 
was not unfounded.” 

The panel's report on its two- 
year investigation was particu- 
larly powerful in its criticisms 
of sergeants and other com- 
manders of five prwincts found 
to be ridded with corruption. 
And it took to task the police 
union — tbe Patrolmen's Be- 
nevolent Association — and the 
department’s own internal ht- 
vestigativc apparatus for trying 
to cu rtail mrti-domiption tf- 

The report, formally released 
Thursday, reiterates mecondu- 
sion the panel reached, in De- 
cember's interim findings: that 

most officers in the 31,600- 
mernber fame are. honest.de- 
s pite the existence of coirup- 
■fea,' - 

But the ffiud.xqiib^dbra^ a 
d o wned picture of ” 


hired groups of rogue officers 
racing t° crime scenes to skim 
money from captured stashes of 
cadi, union delegates tipping 
off corrapt officers to investiga- 
tions, young cadets learning in 
the police academy that they 
are not to “rat" on their .brother 
officers, and internal police in- 
vestigators concealing evidence 
of corruption. 

The panel recommended the 
aty establish an agency, inde- 
pendent of the 


merit, with broad powers to in- 
vestigate corruption and to 
ensure officer accountability in 
corruption cases, as well as to 
monitor officer screening, re- 
cruitment and t r ai ning . 

Perhaps the most disturbing 
finding of the report, which was 
based on a study of internal 
police documents and corrup- 
tion investigations, was the ex- 
istence of wll-orgamzed police 
“crews” that- terrorized black 
and Hispanic neighbodhoods- 



continues to hold out the possi- 
bility of military intervention, 
the Pentagon must be prepared 
to execute it, but military offi- 
cials say the White House has 
not yet derided on an invasion. 

UE. officials said the inva- 
sion plan calls for about 20,000 
troops, most from the army. 
The first task would be to seize 
airfields and ports so an inva- 
sion force could be deployed. 

In addition, 2,000 Marines 
now bring dispatched to the 
coast off Haiti, officially to be 
prepared to evacuate Ameri- 


cans, indude troops trained in 
special operations. Admiral J. 
Michael Boards, the chief of 
naval operations, sent a mes- 
sage on Tuesday to the Marines 
and sailors en route to “be pre- 
pared for at least, 30 days of 
operations." 

The 82d Airborne Division, 
which was used during the inva- 
sion of Panama, is trained to 
deploy quickly to trouble spots. 
Officials said it would be well 
suited to serve as the larger in- 
vasion force. 

U.S. officials said the re- 


hearsal by tbe special forces in- 
cluded a Ranger battalion, 
which normally numbers about 
900 men. 

The C- 1 30 planes that carried 
the Rangers flew for about the 
same amount of time they 
would fly if they went to Haiti. 
Then the Rangers parachuted 
at Eglin to “seize" the airfield. 

Officials said tbe rehearsal 
also involved about eight Army 
Special Forces A-Teams, which 
are 10-man commando units. 
Two navy commando teams, 
each of which had about 120 


men, were also involved, and 
numerous support units. 

In all, more than 2,000 troops 
were directly or indirectly in- 
volved. 

The Pentagon declined to 
comment directly on the re- 
hearsal. 

Reflecting the White House's 
sense of urgency, William H. 
Gray 3d, President Bill Gin- 
ion’s special envoy on Haiti, 
said Wednesday in a television 
interview that the military lead- 
ers must leave within six 
months. 


POLITICAL NOTES 


Bpstenkowsfci Haps Tactics 

WASHINGTON — Defense lawyers 
for Representative Dan Rostenkowski 
told a federal judge they will mount a 
legal attack on his 17-count corruption 
indictment on constitutional grounds, a 
maneuver likely to delay the start of his 
trial until after the November elections. 

A former U.S. attorney. Dan K.. 
Webb, who is the chief defense attorney, 
said he would file legal arguments within 
30 days claiming the charges violated 
Mr. Rostenkowski's protections under 
the speech and debate clause of the U.S. 
Constitution, which shields members of 
Congress from being prosecuted for con- 
duct' related to legislative activity. 

-Although Mr. Webb and a new co- 
counsel R. Kenneth Mundy. insisted 
they want the case resolved expeditious- 
ly. Mr. Webb said, “We’re not going to 
be stampeded and see a defendant de- 
nied his constitutional rights." 

Mr. Mundy. making his first appear- 
ance in the case, is one of the capital's 
brat-known lawyers. He helped the for- 
mer Washington mayor. Marion Barry, 
defeat the most serious charges against 
him in his 1990 (rial on drug and peijury 
charges. 

At a court hearing Wednesday, Dis- 
trict Judge Norma Holloway Johnson 


told prosecutors and defense lawyers 
"we've got lo move forward” to gel Mr. 
Rostenkowski to trial on fraud and em- 
bezzlement charges. But authorities said 
the schedule of legal briefs she estab- 
lished for both sides makes it vinually 
impossible for Mr. Rostenkowski to fcc 
tried before the November elections, 
when the powerful Illinois Democrat is 
seeking a 19ih consecutive term. 

Judge Johnson gave Mr. Webb until 
Aug. 5 to file his first challenge to the 
indictment, after which the government 
will have until Sept. 2 to respond. Oral 
arguments are likely to be held during 
September, the judge said. (LATi 

*92 Campaigns Arc Cleared 

WASHINGTON — Allegations that 
President Bill Clinton's and former Pres- 
ident George Bush's 1992 campaigns 
broke federal election laws were among 
29 cases that have been thrown out with- 
out investigation. The Federal Election 
Commission closed those cases on 
Wednesday, saying they involved low 
priority matters. The increasing com- 
plexity of campaign finance law’ and the 
record number of people running for 
public office have forced the office to be 
more careful in selecting which cases to 
pursue. (AP) 


A Senator’s Freudian Sfip 

WASHINGTON — Congressional 
consideration of military spending in the 
post-CoId War era often involves bal- 
ancing Pentagon desires with the impact 
on jobs. 

As Senator Dianne Feinstein. Demo- 
crat of California, demonstrated last 
week, the line between those two can 
become blurred for lawmakers from 
states hit hard by miliary cutbacks. Dur- 
ing floor discussion on whether to con- 
tinue building B-2 Stealth bombers — 
against the wishes of the Pentagon — 
Ms. Feinstein praised the aircraft, saying 
that it “can deliver a large payroll." 

The verbal slip was amended in the 
next day's Congressional Record to read 
“payload.” California would retain 
22,000 high-paying jobs and S2.5 billion 
in defense contracts if the Senate's vote 
on July I to build long-range bombers is 
adopted by the House. ( LAT ) 


Quote/Unquote 


Admiral Henry Chiles, the first naval 
officer to be put in charge of the U.S. 
nuclear missile arsenal: “You could say 
I’m out of water, but there’s lots of other 
things to be concerned about.” (AP) 


Away From Politics 


• The pOot and co-pflot of the USAir 
DC-9 that crashed near Charlotte, North 
Carolina, killing 37 passengers, refused 
blood-alcohol tests later, a National 
Transportation Safely Board spokesman 
said. The tests are optional. 

• Unions representing 6,500 employees 
who operate bus and rail lines in the Los 
Angeles region set a strike deadline of 


July 18 unless agreement is reached on 
new contracts. 

• More evidence of finks between Par- 
kinson's disease and pesticide exposure 
has been revealed in a new study of brain 
tissue at the University of Miami. Six of 
20 infected specimens revealed the pres- 
ence of Dieldrin. a pesticide that, like the 
better known DDT, was banned in the 
United States in 1972. 


• Weather was the side concern for tbe 
planned launch Friday of the space shut- 
tle Columbia at Cape Canaveral, Flori- 
da. The shuttle will carry seven astro- 
nauts and thousands of fish, newts, toad 
eggs and baby sea urchins on a laborato- 
ry research mission. The weather officer 
put the odds of a launch at 60 percent 

LAT, AP. Reuters 


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expect from 
The European. 

A topless model 



A special edition Lotus Elan S2 must be won by one lucky 
reader of The European - it could be you. For all the exciting details, 
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THE WEEKLY NEWSPAPER FOR EUROP 


dosing date: 25/8/94. Entrants must be ef driving age. Void where Illegal - in some countries yea may partielpate f r 










** 


Page 4 


Aden’s Fall to North 
Provokes Fears of 
Regional Instability 



By John Lancaster 


WASHINGTON — Ye- 
men's two-month cavil war ap- 
to be winding down 
luraday, as northern Yemeni 
troops gained control of the 
port city of Aden, stronghold of 
southern forces seeking to se- 
cede from the country. 

The north’s capture of Aden 
followed intensive artillery 
duds that cut off water supplies 
to the caw’s 400,000 residents 
and raised fears of a humanitar- 
ian catastrophe. In (be last sev- 
eral days, however, the south’s 
defenses appear to have col- 
lapsed, and northern troops 
met little resistance as they 
moved into the city on Thurs- 
day, according to wire reports. 

Despite its military victory, 
the north faces a difficult chal- 
lenge as it seeks to preserve the 
fragile unity of Yemen, formed 
four years ago by the merger of 
conservative North Yemen with 
Marxist South Yemen, where 
the country’s limited oil wealth 
is concentrated. 

Leaders of the secessionist 
south were reported to have fled 
Aden by boat to neighboring 
O man, where they vowed to 
continue fi ghting against north- 
ern forces controlled from the 
Yemeni capital of San’s. 

That, in tom, has raised fears 
of a protracted guerrilla war 
that could spill over into neigh- 
boring Saadi Arabia, under- 
mining stability throughout the 
vital, oil-producing region. 

A diplomat familiar with the 
region said the fall of Aden 
does not mean the civil war is 
over. “The war has just begun,” 
he said. 

Saudi Arabia and its Western 
allies, including the United 
States, fear that radical govern- 
ments in Iraq, Iran or Sudan 
could seek to expand their in- 
fluence in (he region by step- 
ping in on the side of the north, 
possibly using Yemen as a base 
from winch to infiltrate its 
wealthy neighbor. 

Saudi Arabia has long had a 
troubled relationship with the 
Yemeni president, Ali Abdul- 
lah Saleh, who is from the north 
and supported Iraq during the 
1991 Gulf War. 

U.S. officials have expressed 
concern that Saudi Arabia and 
its Gulf allies may formally rec- 


cus is on addressing humanitar- 
ian concerns, restoring essential 
services to all Yemenis and ini- 
tiating the political dialogue 
necessary to affect a reconcilia- 
tion.” 

The fighting ended at day- 
break on Thursday, and by af- 
ternoon residents of the city 
were lining the streets to wave 
victory signs at northern troops, 
according to Reuters. 

In San’a, the northern gov- 
ernment announced the end of 
the war, while in Washington a 
spokesman for the Yemeni Em- 
bassy said northern forces had 
begun distributing food and 
water to Aden and outlying ar- 
eas. 


Nuclear-Talks Issue: Can U.S. 



By R. Jeffrey Smith 

R'cahingUm Post Service 

WASHINGTON — U.S. surveil- 
lance satellites observed an unusual 
development in 1992 at the rite of 
North Korea’s newest nuclear reac- 
tor — workmen suddenly began de- 
molishing new walls and rerouting 
recently laid pipes so they could 
swiftly install electric turbines in a 
new room. 

The construction, on the eve of a 
visit by international nuclear inspec- 
tors, essentially' grafted onto the 
completed structure some power- 
generating equipment that UJS. offi- 
cials say was meant to perpetrate an 
elaborate but not very successful 
ruse. 

By giving the plant the appearance 
of a reactor meant to generate elec- 
tricity, the turbines were- apparently 
meant to shore up a longstanding 
North Korean contention that its nu- 


clear program is exclusively peaceful, 
despite some obvious signs of sub- 
stantial weapons work. 

The deceptive construction lies at 
the heart of a key issue for negotia- 
tions between North Korea and the 
United States beginning Friday in 
Geneva — namely, how legitimate is 
North Korea’s claim that its nuclear 
program mnst be maintain^ to pro- 
vide dectridty? 

Washington is convinced that the 
200-megawatt reactor is being built 
solely to produce plutonium, a key 
ingredient of nuclear arms, U.S. offi- 
cials note that no -effort has been 
made to connect the reactor to the 
nation’s power grid. Other nuclear 
facilities also Lade any connection to 
dectridty generation. 

Nevertheless, senior U.S. officials 
say they are willing to go along with 
the lie m hope of striking a deal that 
would replace the reactor with a less 


threatening one and case a major 
US. foreign. policy headache. 

In the t*H« on Friday, they said, 
Washington is prepared, to offer 
North Korea a pledge of assistance in 
obtaining new nuclear technology so 
Pyongyang can build a reactor more 
sin tea to generating electricity than 
building bomba 

“The attitude is, Tf that’s what 
they want, that’s what wen me 
them,* ” a senior U.S. official said of 
North Korea’s demand for assistance 
in building a more modern, replace- 
ment reactor. 

In' exchange, Washington wants 
Neath Korea to promise that work 
on the worrisome reactor wiE be halt- 
ed and the structure dismantled ac- 
cording to an agreed timetable; the 
United Slates also wants dismantling 
of a separate, 25- megawatt reactor 
and a laboratory for reprocessing re- 
actor fuel to separate phtfarinm. 

But skeptics in the administration 


mod onCapitoi Hill-have argudti that 
the prospective deal could pose sub- 
stantial risks for Washington. 

They 'suggest that North Korea is 
merely tiyutg to buy tone for its nu- 
clear weapons work by tying a final 
resolution of the nuclear dispute to 


tor m around 10 years. 

Senator ftril Gramm* Republican 
of Texas, 'is. among those raising 
questions. 

He nwmfaKns that the nudjear ca- 
pacity of North Korea, exists, solely 
for purpose of making plutonium 

• and has never has be^ attached to 
the national power grid. 

“The argument that they will be 
hampered in dectridty production 
by shutting down the reactor com- 
plex is ridiculous,” Senator Gramm 
insists. - 

The decision to m«ky damnation 
of the 200 -roegawatt reactor a foens 
of the Washington proposal reflects 


the conviction of senior ofiSdals, par-, 
ticutariyat the Defense Department, 
that cutting off North Korea's capa- 
bility to pluionhim in the fu- 
ture is more important — andfeasi- 

bje filming any pbnonntm it 

may have made already. 

It was North Korea's refusal to 
gOow an inspection of the smaller, 
25- megawatt reactor to assess its - 
previous plutonium production that 
triggered a crisis last month. That 


ton agreed to new talks while hokiing 
possible economic sanctions in abey- 
ance. 

[“Anybody who is anticipating a. 
prompt outcome to the negotiations 
will be disappointed,” John D. Ho- 
wi director of the U.S. Arms Con- 
trol arid Disarm ament Agency, said 
-to reporters on the eve of the talks. 
He said the discussion will be a “long 
slog,” Reuters reported.} 


China’s Li Ducks 
German Protesters 


bly provide its forces with aims, 
prolonging the conflict. 

A State Department official 
who asked not to be identified 
said Thursday that while re- 
ports on the situation in Yemen 
were sketchy, “it appears the 
fi ghting has now ended.” 

The official added, "The fo- 


Reuttrs 

WEIMAR, Germany — 
Prime Minister Li Peng of Chi- 
na snubbed Berlin’s mayor at 
the Brandenburg Gate and cut 
short a visit to Weimar on 
Thursday as demonstrators at 
both sites protested Bering’s 
human rights record. 

The protests were the first 
serious demonstrations Mr. Li 
has seen in Germany after three 
days of meetings with German 
politicians and businessmen ea- 
ger to tap China's huge market. 

A surprised Berlin mayor, 
Eberhard Diepgen, was left 
writing for Mr. Li's party at the 
Brandenburg Gate, the symbol 
of the Cold War that he was due 
to walk through. 

About 200 German and Chi- 
nese protesters stood near the 
gate with banners in both lan- 
guages proclaiming “Mass 
Murderer Li Peng,” “Butcher of 
Tiananmen " and “Freedom for 
Tibet" 

But Mr. li, widely regarded 
as responsible for the bloody 

rests' m 

ducked the stroll and flew to 
Weimar. 

In Weimar, an historic cul- 
tural center, a protester with a 
T-shirt reading “Li Go Home” 
threw hims df in front of the 
prime minister’s cavalcade just 
as it pulled up to the former 
home of the classical play- 
wright, Johann Wolfgang von 
Goethe. 

Police dragged him away. 

The Chinese prime minister 
cut short an address by the mu- 
seum curator, Bemd Kauff- 


mann, after two sentences when 
Mr. Kanffmann said hitman 
rights and freedom were an in- 
tegral part of Goethe’s work. 

know Goethe’s work,” Mr. 
Li said angrily, according to 
photographers who were at the 
session in the museum. “I want 
to see how Goethe worked and 
lived.” 

After two hours in the muse- 
um, Mr. Li canceled a planned 
walk and lunch in a nearby ho- 
tel that would have taken him 
past about 100 jeering protest- 
ers, and left for Munich. 

“The Chinese ambassador 
has told me Li has broken off 
the visit,” WOfried Rudolf, 
spokesman for Thuringia Stale 
where Weimar is located, told 
journalists. 

The ambassador to Bonn, 
Mei Zhaorong, had told him 
Mr. Li wanted to leave because 




Backs Partition Plan 


- 7Xr AHoaufettPasr ." 

SARAJEVO, Bos^fkastr 
govina — Leaders of the Mus- 

hwi^inmniat wl gn v wrmient of 
BommrecosHmcndc^ThnrSd^r 

that Patiument accept s peace 
plan demanded by toe’tJniletf'' 
States, Russia and -European 
powers, ‘ v* : ~ • •/. --Y; • 

The plan was delivered to - 
Bosnia's waning fftetiorii ' 


cried it was acceptable became * 
it is even harder on the Serbs 
“The plan is less favorable to 
them than it is to us,” he said— 

- Mr. Sfiajdzic said many 
points remained tobe discussed 
with the jriaa’s sponsors — the 
United sates, Russia, Britain, 
prance and Germany — but 
.most of the Bosnian 
"meat’s goalshad been i 



Wednesday with m nltiihatunxY “Because the positive de- 
nial they accept ft or; jndudixig then momen- 

tongher sanctions. ; . _ fom, prevail over the negative 

Acceptance at a Jtrfy 18 s&f eJ&Bcnls, Tm going to recom- 
aon. of the Bosnian Parfiagient inend acceptance by Pariia- 


Maonpo Sunbuolli/Thc Aooctacd hta 

INTO THE LIMELIGHT — Tonmchi Murayama, the newly elected prime nnrister of 
Japan, getting Ins first honor guard reception abroad upon his arrival Thursday in Naples. 


oftoedaxKmstnitions, Mr. Ru- f/n Governments Becoming the Governed? 


In Boon, the German section 
of Amnesty International criti- 
cized Chancellor Helmut Kohl 
for not keeping a 1992 promise 
to link better ties to Beijing with 

human rights. , 

“We must say today that the 
strengthening of relations has 
not produced an improvement 
in human rights in China,” Am- 
nesty said 

Security was heavy in Wei- 
mar, where the town center was 
cordoned off with so many po- 
lice vans and buses that Mr. Li 
would not have seen airy pro- 
testers even if he had taken his 
walk. 

“He said he didn’t want to 
see any citizens,” one police- 
man said. 


Cantoned from Page 1 
ernments to adopt and follow 
only those policies defined as 
credible by the marketplace. 

Yet although governments 
dearly are losing teeway to do 
as they please to suit domestic 
pahticaf goals, it’s not certain 
they are prepared to act togeth- 
er. 

Indeed, while official atten- 
tion focuses on ways to control 
the many new financial instru- 
ments that have raised f ears of 
this instability, many financial 
analysts now conclude that pol- 
icy makers are looking at the 
wrong end of the probl 


get their bouses in order. Gov- 
ernments must accept the no- 
tion that an integrated global 
marketplace requires domestic 
policy to be coordinated ami 

co nsistent across borders. 

To be sure, history is rife with 
periods of market t irnn nfl that 
required governments to 
change policies. The most re- 
cent example was the 1992 ex- 
change-rate crisis that resulted 
in the devaluation of stating 
and the hra. A decade earlier, 
repeated devaluations of the 
French franc obliged the Social- 
ists to adept policies as conser- 

vative as thdr right-wing oppo- 


imptemented in a medium-term 
framework.” 

Elaborating in an interview, 
he said: 

“It means that gover nm ent 
will have to deal with unwel- 
come developments by ma] 
sure econom i c 


would increase pressure on eth- 
nic Serbs, who dislike the plan 
because they would have togwe 

Up twwd . . 

The plan would give Serbs 49 
percent of territory, comp are d 
to die more than TO percent 
they now control ; after 27 
months of war followtng Bos- 
nia’s secession from Yugosla- 
via. 

The Musfim-Ooal federa- 
tion wooktget Slpocenf '' - 

With President Alija Izetfxj- 
govic and Prime Minister Ham 
Scbgdzic backing the proposal, 
approval by Parliament ap- 
peared probahfe. 

Ewan though fhe plan aBows 
the Sabs to kero-tantor y f rom 
which they farablydrove tens 


.meat,” Ml SPajdac said. 

He said the difference be- 
tween tins plan and earlier pro- 
posals was that the internation- 
al ccamnunity was more serious 
tins time and that assurances 
were included upon implemen- 
tation of the agreement 
“The positive dement is that 
the state of Bosnte-Hexzegovina 
will be maintained,” Mr. Xzet- 
begovic said. 

The Bosnian Serb leader, Ra- 
dovan Karadzic, denounced tbe 
proposal Wednesday as “an ab- 
sohrte American dictate.” 
peaking to reporters in Bel- 
grade on Thozsday, he said his 
delegation would not immedl- 
atriy throw out the package and 


are correct and mutually conas- ^ _ _ 

tent across countries — and j of thniKa ndfr^' MredTim riming would men two-week deadK*« 
that can’t be bad.” • the war, Mr. Ireiipgpvic imfi- to consider its response. 

Alexandre Lamfalnssy, dw ■ • • . . . . - ' ■ • . 


HAITI: Is CtinUm Ready to Invade? 


What is needed, they say, is sthon. 
for the countries themselves to 


CLINTON: Poles Take President’s Assurances as Onfy a Small Gesture 


Continued from Page 1 

toward a historic expansion of the alliance. 
He also promised more directly than ever 
before that he would not permit Russia to 
prevent Poland from becoming a member. 

But his speeches represented more an 
exhortation than a plan of action. 

“We must find the will to unit around 
these opportunities of peace as previous 
generations have united against war's life- 
or-death threats and oppression's fatal 
grip ” the president said. 

In a dinner toast on Wednesday night. 
President Walesa bad said pointedly that 
he feared the world had “stopped halfway” 
in carrying oat the transformation of the 
bloc once bound by communism and the 
Warsaw Pact. He complained that the 
West “does not seem to have an unequivo- 


cal vision of what our common present and 
future should be." 

In seeking to offer that virion on Thurs- 
day, Mr. Qm ton praised Poland as having 
served as a model for its neighbors with its 
rapid adoption of democratic and market 
reforms. He also spoke in common cause 
with Mr. Walesa and others who have 
sounded alarm at the rise in Russia of 
Vladimir V. Zhirinovsky and other extrem- 
ists. 

Mr. Clinton also went out of his way to 
pay tribute to the heroism of Pates during 
World War n, laying wreaths at a memori- 
al to those lost in battle and to others 
honoring those who raise in vain only to be 
slaughtered by their Nazi occupiers in the 
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943 and the 
Warsaw Uprising the fofiowing year. 


PARIS: Ernest and Scott Mix It Up in Academia — It Att Ends in a Draw 


Combined from Page I 
all the hidden meanings in 
things that haven't been said. 

At the podium, rubicund and 
nervous, using his lifelong 
stammer for suspense, Mr. 
Schulbeig, who came up with *T 
could've been a contender," 
was renumbering what people 
re ally said, and what they did. 

“This is not literary, this is 
life,” he said. 

Mr. Schulbeig loved Fitzger- 
ald — whom he met in 1939 in 
Hollywood when Scott was 
brought in as script doctor to 
the younger writer — though he 
was briefly hurt when he recog- 
nized himself in “The Last Ty- 


MEMORIAL NOTICE 


A memorial service 
will be held for 

John PHILLIPS 

on Wednesday, July 13, 
* 15:00 

at the American Cathedral, 
23 a value George V, Paris & 


DEATH NOTICE 


Mireille BOYD regrets to 
annonce the accidental death 
of her mother, 

Christians BOYD 

on July 3rd in Vichy, 
^jrious service wffl be held 
Wk£by, July 12, at 14.-00 
nHfekvncan Cathe 


Cathedral, 
"OigeV, Paris 8, 
w burial 
* 1630 


coon.” “Hemingway was differ- 
ent,” Mr. Schulberg said. Tm 
in Key West, and there’s a big 
party for Hemingway. I can see 
him coming, he’s wearing a shirt 
opai to the navel and he had 
shorts like bine jeans ripped up 
ax the knees. I realize that Tm 
speaking sacrilege for all the 
members of the Hemingway So- 
ciety. 

“And the first words 1 ever 
heard out of the great man’s 
mouth as he pushed me were, 
‘What the [expletive deleted] do 
you know about prizefighting?’ 
And then he pushed me. Quite 
hard. He didn’t punch me, but 
he pushed me.” There was con- 
siderably more taunting, and 
pushing, but no punches. *Tm 
sighing and Fm gasping for 
breath. I do not believe that 
writers should fight. I think 
fighters should fight I think 
they should be paid very well to 
fight. And I think writers 
should be paid as well as they 
can be to write.” 

Later, one of Hemingway’s 
sons brought Mr. Schulbeig a 
drink and said: “Budd, Papa 


intellectual trade in fam- 
ous dead bodies has two ex- 
tremes: The worshipers, who 
try to read the invisible ink in 
faded diaries, and the attackers, 
who write intellectual versions 
of tabloid exposes — like An- 
drew Motion’s biography of 
Philip Larkm, or more recently 
Jeffrey Myers’s hostile book on 
Fitzgerald. 

This conference fdl into the 
worshiping department, and a 
thoroughly well-behaved affair 


it was: Smoke free, faded by 
water, debating the finer points 
of narrative style, with a little 

frisson perhaps from modernist 
or feminist or racial interpreta- 
tions. A little bragging, but no 
or shoring. Mr. Schul- 
was supplying that: “I felt 
I was trying to get them back to 
what it was," he said later. “It’s 
not their fault that they weren't 
there, but the reality of it was so 
hard, so hard. Ernest was a bul- 
ly. I didn't go into some of the 
things.” 

Mr. Schulberg was an adult 
when he met Hemingway. He 
was a man, he was a writer, an 
expert in boxing, later a friend 
of Scott Fitzgerald, all thing* 
designed to make Hemingway 
hostile. Of the few other special 
guests at the conference who 
actually knew the writers, some 
saw a softer ride: Honoris Mor- 
phy DonneDy, the daughter of 
Sara and Gerald Murphy (who 
figured so prominently in Fitz- 
gerald’s fife and his fiction), 
now in her late *70s, knew both 
Ernest and Scott, as fan, tender 
men. “My father wasn’t into 
fishing and hunting” she said, 
“and so Hemingway taught me 
how to fish and not get disgust- 
ed with scaling the fish. ” 

If they saw the darker ride, 
they saw it distantly: “Even at 
that tender age, I knew tha? 
Scott drank too much,” said 
Fanny Myers Brennan, whose 
parents were dore to the writer. 
“But then my parents had quite 
a few writer friends who were 
apt to be — ** 

“Some people thought that 
Scott might have been our 


The so-called external con- 
straint has always existed. 

What is new is the speed with 
which mazkets react nowadays 
and the instantaneous transmis- 
sion across borders. What’s 
mare, the United States — 
whose insulation from such in- 
junctions so infuriated the 
French in the 1960s. — is as 
obliged as any other nation to 
keep faith with investors. 

This is the result of the intesr- 
nationaliraticm of capital move- 
ments which is iraHkc anything 
seen since the early years of this 
century, the revolution in infor- 
mation systems rmd communi- 
cations technology, and the in- 
novation in financial products 
— notably the complex hedging 
instruments used to defray the 
risk of changes in interest or 
currency rates, or prices of 
stocks or commodities. 

While official attention -has 
been focused on ways to har- 
ness the intoactUm of markets 
through possible controls on 
_ the new financial instruments, 

Proust," Mr. Schulberg said; “I no less an expert than the head 
say with a Ettle bigger heart, * of the Basel-based Bank for In- 
fittle bagger soul, a little bigger temational Settlements hag 
Intelligence, [Hemingway] warned that policy-makers are 


Aides to Mr. Clinton had billed his 
speech on Thursday as the major address 
of his weekkmg European four, and it cut a 
vast swath in spelling out his commitment 
to forging what he described as “a conti- 
nent where democracy and free markets 
know no bounds, but where nations can 
rest easy knowing that their borders will 
always be secure." 

But his wanting npnutf a “veil of indif- 
ference” simply picked up a chorus he 
began last Januaiy in Brussels, while his 
declaration that no country should have 
the right to veto Poland’s entry into NATO 
or any ocher Western institution made 
only slightly more specific his past inris- 
tence that Ins caution about opening their 
doors was not based an Russian objec- 
tions. 


heads the European Monetary 
Institute, the fledgling Europe- 
an central bank, disputes the 

view that all erratic poce movc- 
meutswre caused typrticy oris- Gonthnedfrura Page 1 . General Raoul C6dras to call 

m a n ag ement Nevertheless, he top found s way to deny them Mr. Clinton's bluff by threaten- 
agrees that “the best way to the oppo^nuty to settle in ftc mg_the fives Of Americans, 
avoid asset market ‘bubbles’ is United ffatief eventually by 
to stick to a. vjmliocs m on e tar y findBix reftjge for than in other 
po licy . countries. 

“This may not d mrinat e a0 Senior administration offi- 
nnsafignmeots ran significantly 0 ^ 1 $ adntif that ; Mr. Qraton’s 
re du ce short-term volatility, but decision to tfivert refuaees to 
it would at least mean that, third countries is at best a tem- 


monetary policy ceased to bo a poa^y solution that buys a few 
contributory factor to both mese^weeks oar to test 

types of disturbance.” whether foe strategy of painful 

But Mr. Lamfalnssy . also economic sanctions will topple 
points out the difficulty that ties the military,. . . .. 

ahead. “In a; world of rigid fis- By contrast* the^ decision to 
cal policies, intemationalagree- send a landing force of 2,000 
mcBi<m a correct c onfi gnratkia Marines into the Caribbean and 
of policy mixes will be even statements by Jjfc. Gray that 
harder to com e by titan agree- fives in Haiti must be pro- 
ment on the appropriate do- tected' at all costs; mover the 
mestic policy imx.” _ United States closer to action. 

This is one of -the pnmcyal ■ Qjmton is. hoping - that 
issues in international relations whht'hift 'Seator tffceS call a 
— the expexts call it the qufis- “cretffiit threat otforce” to re- 
tiou at burden-sharing. Is the store the exiled president, the 
nation runiimg a bakrn cei*r Reverend ^ Jean-Bwtrand Aris- 
payments deficit that needs to tide,- wifi somehow ■■ persuade 
adjnrt by devaluing its currency Haiti’s orifitaryteadcrs to leave 
and cutting domestic de mand? the country quietly. it 

Or should the nation running a may simply: push Lieutenant 
surplus share in the required . 


The a d min istration has cre- 
ated a situation it may not be 
able to control," said Robert G. 
Tocriodli, Democrat of New 
Jersey, who has been highly 

. critical of the administration^ 
policy to try to restore Pkeri- 
aent Aristide to power. “Armed 
intervention is. becoming hs 


only option.” 


>tiQ, Mr. Gfinton is said to be 
ambrvaieat about whether be 
should exercise his prerogative 
as commander in chief and or- 
der theusc of force in Haiti. 
Affo rding to people familiar 
with his thinking, he has vowed 
not to let the Haitian crisis be- 
come a vehicle for ov e rco mi ng 
fingering skepticism about las 
attitude to the use of force 
stemming -from Ms opposition 
to . the -Vietnam War his. : 
avoidance of the draft On the : 
other hand, he ha* told inti-, 
mates, that he is not wflHng to 
Iprove tbe skeptics wrong by 
risking people’s lives. 


could have been our Tolstoy. 1 " 

“Our lives intertwined in 
such a strange way,” he went 
on. “We both orally enough 
were in Havana when Fidel 
Castro was about to crane into 
town.” Some years before, Mr. 
Sdmlberg’s first wife, Virginia, 
bad left him fra another writer, 
and then had a brief affair with 
Hemingway. “Then she died in 
a terrible death, burned, a 
nightgown, cigarette. 

“And the night that Fidd 
came in, I looked up and here 
again Is the great wnter, and in 
a way my nemesis, and he says 
to me, 1 hear that [the writer 
SchnJberg’s wife left with] was 
not at the funeral and I said, 
well I heard that too, and Er- 
nest Hemingway said, I think 
that is wrong, one thing we do, 
we bmy our dead. And as he 
said that I thought: I don’t care 
how g^peat a writer the son-of-a- 
bitch is, I think I'm gonna kill 

him " 


looking at the wrong end of tbe 
problem. 

“Credible policies,” said An- 
drew Crockett in the BIS annu- 
al report, are what are needed. 
“What capital market innova- 
tions demonstrate is the need 
fra stable monetary policies, 


lustment? 

: mabffily to negotiate this 
question was the undoing of the 
postwar Bretton Woods system 
of fixed exchange rates. The Qrtiart tram Page 1 : 

^ to a ^rtem of floating locationi” Jria& Kennedy- 
exchanae rates was suonosed to p«»n. * 


the officers went to i 
vrmsnXT 
tra?tey.Mardi.„ 
judge before. the ruling. " 
we have saidTWe ' 


DRUGS: Pretoria's New Problem 


C otitimad frwa Page 1 . 

by hand and fed, "said Lieuten- 
ant Colonel Stqphanus Smith, 
who heads the 22r-member< 
unit at the airport. “We 
love to have more modern 


PowH sdi 

resolve tins problem, but gov- ny, as efidted by the officer* 

cmu^qmd^reahreditVas Sd as supported 

a imstafa totorre.sur* a nesses that testified on hrfmif nt base said ^tfaev ware derelict in 

^ <¥ en *, show this was not ^ugBng their duties:” 

BUt a Simpson lawyer, -Get- 
ajd Udmei, warned against let-, 
ting the government break tbe 
law, saying it would encouragfc 
dtizens to do the mum. 

and again, we hear- 
say. ‘WdL we 


vagaries of the market. The is- 
sue remains as alive as ever. 


what! 

.The rums was an important 
l^AngdcsPo- 
nce Dqiartmeat, was se- 
verity criticized, not. onfy Ux 
how 'it conducted * 
mvestizatirai bat; 



equipment. 
He keep 


The Associated Pna 
MOSCOW — - Far purposes 
of histoty, a hammer and sickle 
symbol signifying communism 
will remain on the building 
housing the State Duma, Rus- 
sia’s lower house of parliament, 
Itar-Tass .news agency said 
Thursday. Russia has readopt- 
ed the former czarist double- 
headed eagle as a state emblem. 


: keeps photographs of the 
e m e r g en cy operation that doc- 
tors performed here last year on 
a man who was apprehended at 

toe airport because he was 
sweating profusely and fit the 
profile of a drug runner. It 
turned out he had swallowed 30 
condoms full of cocaine and' 
they had created a blockage in 
bfr stomach. “If we hadn’t ar- 
rested turn, he'd be dead now,” 
Colonel Smith said. 

Despite occasional successes. 
Colonel Smith said he does not 
dehidehixnsrif . Police made 236 
arrests nationwide for cocaine 
dealing last year, more than 
double the number in 1992, but 

officers bdieve that to be the tip 
of the iceberg. 

In addition to its new taste 


otter the 
estate after 
tinat fle to get. a re- 
oita n in terco m ■ and by 
-teeady on the mornmg 

had 


satd. “I don’t know what tbe? 
bad. I do know what they dids t 
have. They didn’t have a search 
warrant” 

In other developments: ... 

* The former manag e- of the 
Oiicagp hotel where Mr. Simp- 


for cocaine and LSD, South Af- 
rica has also become a 
importer of Mandrax, a 
addictive sedative p£EL 
_ Thccncroachmeiitoftbeout- 
ade woiidis only part d South ' 

Africa’s drug iHobleni. ; - ^ 

.Police say marijuana is the. 
biggest cash crop throughout 
southern Africa, where soal and' qt 
climate conditions enable -.a 

just. been .at the scene tflhe ^ted iThimsday as saying toe. 
‘The psychoactive substance ^ Smp«m and . 

is as miSi as 11 percent in the ¥** md . J>ecame SSJ^f 0 *- 01 roQm * 

dagga grown in tlm country, as akr 2 cd ^ Wood ^ w ? h a 

other parts of the world,” one hpn ^ wxaved no . finger on, ajjfc, 

expert said. “Our oroMem with answer fw the mtercom ^ pecesofoote paper, Ffeter KaF 

dernc." ‘tered,the,^^^^hqiita$eaich News retorted 

Africans have been smedring,, ^ ^ ^ 



numbers .of imsMnwt workers. J 
such as fanns,- mines ‘and fac^* 
tories. 


find been, 


^ge. The latest pdi oh Toes- 
day of 601 adults showed 
pocentjayiag a Mir trial wss - ] 


mjined t^^ng 




‘X&smiiyX: 

'i .** ti . pi *i . ■ . 



\JTJ93 ijj* IXXf* 


•Vi'* =i.,l-v f. ii. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 




Forty pli ago a seed to planted that today provides 




orawor 

’s Official Development Assistance reaches people 
in 150 countries around the world. 



Back in 1954, Japan started its Official Development Assistance (ODA) after 
joining the Colombo Plan, for socio-ecdnomie development in the A^Pacific 
r^ion. from those early years we’ve grown up into world’s largest aid donor. 


20 years of Group of Severn economic su mmits, Japan fo proud to be celebrating 
its own anniversarp: 40 wears as an Official ItoRtanmont AarisfauiAR donor 


World’s number one donor ration. 

Since 1991, Japan has been the world's largest aid donor. In 1998, we . 
provided 11.26 billion dollars of ODA to over 150 countries around the world, 
representing one-fifth of the wood’s total ODA And we will continue to increase 
the size and scope of om^devekpaent assistance. Last year, we announced 


It b oor strong conviction that developmental assistance surely brings a better 
standard of living to the worid 's 5i billion people; . - 

Japaris ODA comes in fom: basic forms: grant aid, government bans, 


Our gram aid totated$L9 biBbn ml993. lt includes assistance for basic human 
needs, such as health and medical care, safe water supplies, and development of 


Japan's 1993 ODA Package 


Contributions to multilateral 
institutions 

BflateralODA 


resources development and . . . 
creation of basic soa>economic 
infiastractures. . 

Government bans, comprising 
&5 biQbn of om* 1993 ODA, help 
finance large social and economic 
infiastructare projects, such as 
dams and roads. Such bans have 
made great contributions to rapid 
growth in many countries by 
promoting self-help efforts. 

Contributions to international 


Government 
wr~ x loans 
Total \ 31*5% 

$11.26 \Y. ■ . ’ 

bSGon / 


bfllkmufoaraidtotalinl908; 


the United Nations organizations. •' 
asweBasintentaibi^fmancM 
institutions such as theWoridBank 
and the International Manetary Fund. 


.Grant for technical 1 
\ cooperation 
i X 22LB% 


Grant ad 
17.1% • 


People helping people in times of need. 

In 40 years of ODA participation, we have dispatched over 16,000 experts 
and 12,000 volunteers overseas to improve human resources in developing 
countries. Over the years, 93,000 foreign trainees from developing nations have 
visited Japan to learn the technical skills they need to improve the living 
conditions in their home countries. We have also fostered development of 
human resources in former socialist countries to help form market economies. 
Our total technical cooperation in 1993 equaled $2.5 bfllion. 

Sometimes Japan’s aid can be more direct When disaster strikes in a 
developing country, Japan dispatches teams of experts to help with rescue and 
medical operations there. Japan’s ODA also comes in the form of subsidies or 
Grass-Roots Grants to assist Non-Govemment-Organizatiors (NGO) in meeting 
the various local needs of developing countries. 

Self-help and good governance— Japan’s ODA philosophy. 

You might wonder what motivates Japan to take the lead in so many 
different areas of international aid. Besides humanitarian concern and environ- 
mental conservation, Japan’s ODA is based on recognition of interdependency 
among nations. It also supports the self-help spirit and good governance on the 
recipient side. Japan’s ODA Charter embodies the following four principles: 

(1) Environmental conservation and development should be pursued in tandem. 

(2) ODA should never be used for military purposes. 

(3) Recipient countries’ military expenditures, their development of weapons 
of mass destruction, and arms trade should be closely watched. 

(4) Full attention should be given to efforts by recipient countries to promote 
democratization, introduction of market-oriented economies, and secure 
basic human rights. 

Reliable, plentiful and no strings attached. 

Our aid generaBy arrives with no strings attached Once aid is provided to 
a recipient country, the procurement of goods and services is open to anybody 
in most cases. Japan’s untied aid rate at 83.8% is remarkably high among ircyor 
donor nations. In fact, contracts from Japan-aided projects are won by private 
companies of various origins, not only from industrialized countries but also 
from developing countries as well. Japanese companies contracted only less 
than 30% of all the ODA loan financed projects in 1993. 


Group of Seven ODA Results by Year 


$547.9 million 


$135.9 million 


... i 




Others 

Canada 

United Kingdom 
’Italy 

■Germany 

■France 

■United States 


1975^^^^ Japan 

(The year of the first Summit) j (20.5%) 

1993^^ 

Source: the DAC 

Notes: 1. figure is provisional 

m , . ,1 , J . 2. figure is rounded off 

Taking the lea d on new issues. 

Despite all the good that ODA creates, traditional recipients still need 
our help- Additional development needs are arising in such regions as 
Indochina, Central Asia, South Africa and the Middle East We are determined 
to help them meet their challenges. 

At the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 
Rio de Janeiro in 1992, we pledged around ¥900 billion to¥l trillion ($7.7 biHfon 
at 1992 rate) in environmental assistance to the world over the next five years. 

We have been working to improve living conditions, pollution control, 
conservation of natural environment and disaster prevention. We also promote 
activities for Women in Development (WID), which helps meet the vital needs 
of women in developing countries. 

If we can make, some progress in solving these issues, perhaps we can 
help more people to experience a more humane life. We believe that 
prosperity goes hand-in-hand with environmental conservation, economic 
liberalization, democratization and respect for basic human rights. We are 
prepared to assume a leadership role to promote these universal values 
through development assistance. 








dliiU* 




Page 6 


FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 


OPINION 




ty 


Heralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



SribuM A Riskier East Asia for LackofaNew 



r 


PI'BLKHED WITH TUG NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Inequality on the Rise 


Of all the rich democracies, there is only 
one, the United States, in which inequality 
of incomes rose sharply in the past decade 
and the wages of the working jpoor sank. 
There have been big gains in income for 
many Americans, but most of those gains 
have been concentrated in the richest fifth 
of the population. These trends raise trou- 
bling questions about the direction in 
which American society is moving. 

Comparisons of the rich countries' 
economies generally emphasize the rapid 
creation of jobs in America and, in con- 
trast, the much higher unemployment 
rates in Western Europe, where elaborate 
social protection makes labor markets less 
responsive to the market But there is 
another and darker side to the compari- 
son. Richard B. Freeman of Harvard Uni- 
versity and several colleagues at the Na- 
tional Bureau of Economic Research have 
been looking into the differences in the 
condition of labor among these countries 
and describing these trends. 

In the 1980s, technology shifted job 
opportunities in favor of education and 
skill. That happened throughout the in- 
dustrial world. But it resulted in major 
increases in income inequality only in 
America and in Margaret Thatcher's Brit- 
ain. Even in Britain the earnings of the 
poorest workers increased — but not in 
America. In most of the other countries, 
the number of well-educated people rose 


rapidly. In America the proportion of 
youngsters finishing high school dropped 
from the late 1960s to the late 1980s. The 
number of college graduates, after risii 
extremely fast in the 1960s, grew mt 
more slowly over the next two decades. 
The result was a limited supply of educat- 
ed people in a time of strong demand. 
American incomes have reflected that. 

The drastic decline in union member- 
ship in the United Stales is another factor 
accounting for greater inequality. But 
there have been similar dedines in other 
countries — for example, France — where 
there has been hardly any shift in the 
balance between rich and poor. In France, 
the explanation may be fiercely protective 
social legislation that also pushes up the 
unemployment rate, now more than 12 
percent versus 6 percent in America. 

That is the puzzle: to devise ways to 
prevent the rise of inequality, and to keep 
the bottom end of the ladder out of abso- 
lute poverty, without interfering with the 
creation of new jots. While the remedies 
seem expensive, it is worth considering 
the costs of the alternative: a country in 
which the distance between rich and poor 
grows steadily, with class hostilities and 
the politics of resentment getting louder. 
Free markets, including labor markets, 
do many things marvelously efficiently 
— but not everything. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Confused Haiti Policy 


Give them this. This White House 
team knows how to upstage a presiden- 
tial trip. When Bill Clinton was in Eu- 
rope for D-Day observances, all eyes 
were on North Korea. This week, as he 
visited Poland, came news that com- 
mando units of the U.S. Army and Navy 
have been practicing a takeover of Hai- 
ti's ports and airfields. 

It is hard to believe that the Pentagon's 
willingness to discuss these “secret” ma- 
neuvers is not pan of a plan to flush 
Lieutenant General Raoul C6dias and 
his henchmen out of Haiti. That is a 
worthy goal, but the timing is amateurish 
and the underlying message is troubling. 
Washington and the United Nations 
have only recently become serious about 
enforcing meaningful economic sanc- 
tions. These need to be given a chance to 
produce political results. And a new refu- 
gee initiative unveiled on Tuesday at least 
temporarily relieves the political pressure 
from that direction. 

After months of vacillating from one 
policy to another, the United States faces 
the troubling prospect that President 
Clinton is drifting into using troops in 
Haiti because he wants to compensate for 
other policy embarrassments and does not 
have a better idea. Aimed force is a notori- 
ously poor tool for solving political pro- 
blems. Even if U.S. forces, as expected, 
were to make quick work of General C6- 
dras and his crew, does Washington really 
want responsibility for enforcing law and 
order in a volatile, revenge-minded land? 

Meanwhile, for refugees it is now 
America if by land, Panama if by sea. 
Under the Qmton administration's latest 
refugee policy, the next 10,000 boat people 
qualifying for asylum will be sent to Pana- 
ma. Only those who qualify in Haiti will be 
eligible for resettlement in America. 

The new policy promises larger num- 
bers of people safe haven from terror and 
persecution; but it continues to discrimi- 
nate against Haitians, denying qualified 
refugees the right to resettlement in the 
United Stales that is enjoyed by political- 
ly more popular groups. 

The amended policy comes less than 
two months after the administration 
ditched the despicable practice it inherit- 
ed from the Bush administration of es- 


corting would-be refugees bade to Haiti 
with no chance to explain the dangers 
that spurred their flight. New procesang 
centers were opened m the Caribbean to 
evaluate refugee claims, about a third of 
which were found to have merit. 

Predictably, that big policy shift en- 
couraged many more Haitians to take to 
the seas, hoping to qualify for resettle- 
ment in the United Stales. More boats 
brought more drownings. The increase 
also threatened to overwhelm the Carib- 
bean facilities and reignited fears in Flor- 
ida of a large influx of Haitians. 

As it amends that policy now to bar 
qualified boat people from the United 
States, the administration still offers 
sanctuary from danger, meeting its min- 
imal moral and legal obligations. Yet if 
people continue to flee at present rates, 
the 10,000 slots in Panama could be 
filled within two weeks. 

Meanwhile, the new policy has one big 
defect. It subjects Haitians to discrimina- 
tory treatment because of their race and 
their lade of the powerful friends who 
have facilitated resettlement for compa- 


rably large groups of other nationalities. 
Some half a minion Cuban refugees, for 


example, have been resettled in the Unit- 
ed States since Fidel Castro came to pow- 
er. More than 100,000 people have been 
admitted from die former Soviet Union 
since 1980 alone. Haitians, in contrast, 
have long been treated as an unwanted 
burden, even though many who do get in 
have achieved economic success. It is 
only very recently, after the congressio- 
nal black caucus and Randall Robinson 
took up their cause, that Washington's 
policies have begun to bend. 

The Clinton administration deserves 
credit for ending summary returns in May. 
Its new policy maintains that substantial 
achievement But the administration has 
done the right thing in a way that still redes 
of discrimination. It thus invites criticism 
from all sides rather than the credit it 
could have gained for upholding the 
American principle of sanctuary for all in 
desperate need. And now it adds the con- 
fusion of a Lurch toward military adven- 
ture without enough thought about what 
might come after the victory parades, 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Other Comment 


Name-Calling in Indonesia 


Think of it as progress. When Indone- 
sian Information Minister Hannoko ap- 
peared before a parliamentary hearing 
after having shut down three popular 
Indonesian weeklies — Tempo, Editor 
and DeTIk — he was greeted with boos 
and catcalls. Up close, such treatment of 
a government minister may not look like 
progress. But in the context of a multi- 
ethnic nation caught up in the many 
conflicts released by development, name- 
calling is certainly preferable to sticks 
and stones. And that is a point well worth 


would bring a stiff jail term — or worse. 

National stability is an important con- 
cern. But what seems to get publications 
in trouble in places like Indonesia is not a 
penchant for gossip and disinformation 
but a habit for getting too close to the 
truth. It hardly seems a coincidence that 
the three publications each carried stories 
on Indonesia's minister for research and 
technology, B. J. Habibie, at the center of 
a controversy over the purchase of 39 
ships from the former East German navy. 

We cannot speak for the coverage of 
these weeklies. What we do know is that 


keeping in mind as Indonesia wrestles 
with ' 


with one of the more contentious issues 
of development: freedom of the press. 

We are not insensitive to the dangers in 
a society like Indonesia, where misinfor- 
mation and inflammatory articles con 
easily lead to unrest and even bloodshed. 
Nor are we blind to the great strides 
Indonesia has already made; we can think 
of many Asian regimes where the kind of 
criticism meted out to Mr. Harmoko 


Mr. Habibie's economic policies are op- 


posed within his own government 
many whose intentions presumably are far 
from undermining Indonesia’s stability. 
We know, too, that such debate over poli- 
cy is healthy, and that an emerging middle 
class has much to contribute. Our guess is 
that the more such issues are ha $heH out in 
the nation's press. Parliament and univer- 
sities, the less they will be played out 
violently in the nation's streets, 

— Far Eastern Economic Review (Hong Kong). 



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H 


[ONG KONG — East Asians like to 
L pretend that so long as they get their 
economics right, all other problems will 
pale into insignificance. Yet recent events 
in the region are a salutary lesson that 
"econophoria” has it perils. East Asian 
security is at a major turning point, and 


By Gerald Segal 


notall the signs are positive. 


The challeng e to the old security order 
of regional security is most evident on the 


Korean P eninsula. By effectively aban- 
doning the struggle to force North Korea 


to give up its nuclear capability, and con- 
centrating cm preventing the expansion of 
its nuclear arsenal. President Bill Clinton 
has in effect decided to tolerate its acquisi- 
tion of a nuclear capability. 

Pro claiming a “breakthrough’ 1 while ac- 
cepting nuclear proliferation is a late 20th 
centuiy verson of Neville Chamberlain’s 
acceptance of “peace in our time.” Short- 
term calm is bought at the expense of the 
near certainty of long-term risks from nu- 
clear weapons proliferation. 

Damage is done to American credibility, 
not to mention to South Korea's ability to 
cajole North Korea into peaceful reunifi- 
cation on congenial terms. The prospect of 
a succession crisis in Pyongyang being 
waged with nuclear weapons must dull the 
bones of those who live in Northeast Asia. 

Elsewhere, confidence in economics is 


upset by harsh political realities. Japan's 
increasingly pathetic attempts to pretend 
that it has a government have many sources. 
An important explanation is that Japan's 
political modernizatioiLis catching up with 
its remarkable economic modernization. 

Contrary to the fondest wishes of many 
authoritarian rulers in East Asia who claim 
that they are culturally indisposed to politi- 
cal liberalism, it seems that there is a link 


between political and economic reform, ln- 
l Japanese 


dividual. 

r alism anda greater share of their national 
wealth. The shakeout in Japanese society 
will mean further uncertainty about Japan’s 
direction and its foreran policy priorities. " 

A third source of worry about East 
Asian security is the evident unwillingness 
of Southeast Asians to begin serious dis- 
cussions about regional security. To be 
sure, there are new forums for such discus- 
sions, but the reality behind the facade is a 
reluctance to face even halfway difficult 
choices. A meeting of senior ministers this 
month will not dial with substantive mat- 
ters or even attempt to reach a consensus 
about the agenda for regional security. 
They cannot even agree on now the various 
Chinese states should be represented. 


■The aiay;haws been right in be- 
lieving that .what passes .for multilateral 
security in East Asa is little more than an 
excuse for strengthening national security. 
. The largest source of uncertainty abput 
the region concent (he fate of China. In a 
major reassessment of Chinese defense 
spending, the. International Institute for 
Stategjc Studies saggests that China now 
ranks third in the. world. But at the same 
time as China is pouring money into mili- 
tary research and development, its economy 

and society are growing more fragmented 
and fragile. The co mbinati on pf insecurity 
rod potential rnOhafy clout is dangerous. * 
The authorities in Ikying know that 
they are gradually losing control of their 
economy as the booming coastal regions 
flout their authority. They find themselves 
increasingly forced to import food, and in 
1993 China became a mt importer of oiL 
Interdependence with the outside world 
is beginning to take' hold of important 
aspects of Chinese foreign policy. China’s 
eventual entry into GATT wQl cany with 
it a bevy of conditions on greater transpar- 
ency in economic policy. The. upshot will 
be a regular wrangles about trade that will 
make the most-favored-nation debates 
seem short and sweet by comparison. 

A China so constrained is Kkely to strug- 
gle to change the international system and 


perhaps compensate for Internal fragility 
with external finctiousness. ' . 1 • 

As the outside world faces the opportu- 
nity to tie China into the international 

rtl nirntr In fair. 


Astern, Beijing wffl no doubt seek to take 
advantage of the di 

.... A— Cap* lol 


an vantage v* tu *' disarray in regional secu- 
rity An East Asia that has no regional 
. Oder, and that -sees a United toes nxreas- 
ingly unwffling to bear any mikiaiy burden 
TUT im a tn conflict- win be vulnera- 


B'mSit lead to conflict, wifl be vulnera- 
ble totEose prepared to ' 

-kT—dk V mm, k rvrtam 


le to loose picuaiw* h® ruthless. 

North Korea ts certainly one of the more 
wfly and ruthless states. But the real ques- 
tion must be whether China wfll hold to- 
gether and whether the states of the region 
mB make a serious effort to tie it into a 
web of international security. 

East Aria has never known an imhgp- 
pattern of international rcbtioo? that . 
was not dominated by China. The states of 
maritime East Asa surely have no nostal- 
gia for their region before the Cold War 
Puri the coming of European imperialism. 


The writer, a senior fellow at the Interna- 
tional Institute for Stategic Studies in Lon- 
don, contributed this comment to the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune. The new details on 
Chinese defense poScy are being presented 
at a conference held, by the IISS and the 
Chinese Council of Advanced Polity Studies 
fromJvfy.8 to 10 in Hong Kong. 


Let’s All Start Seeing the Benefitso % 



TT/ASJilNGTON — When President 
W Bill Clinton meets this week with 
the leaders of the world's other advanced 
industrial nations at the Group of Seven 
summit in Naples, he will press them to 
approve the Uruguay Round of GATT 
by the end of this year. That agreement, 
the me** Car-reaching trade pact in histo- 
ry, is scheduled to take effect next Jan. 1. 

The agreement must come into force 
on time so that the world can enjoy its 
enormous benefits soon. But the willing- 
ness of America’s partners to act will be 
strengthened by America’s continued 
willingness to lead. 

The Uruguay Round is far more than a 
trade agreement Its approval is a strate- 
gic priority for the United States. It is an 
investment in a more stable and integrat- 
ed world in which open societies are 
linked and invigorated by open markets. 
And it is a bridge from the postwar world 
of hah a century ago to the post-Cold 
War world that we are forging today. 

Last year. President Clinton's personal 
engagement and the persistent work of 
US. Trade Representative Mickey Ran- 
ter helped break global gridlock after 
seven years of tough negotiations. Now 
Congress must do its part Building on 


By Warren Christopher 

The writer is U.S. secretary of state.. 


the bipartisan support it has gained, the 
president is seeking congressional ap- 
proval of tiie agreement this year. 

Because the United States is. the 
world's leading exporter, tins agreement 
is shaped to America's strengths. It opens 
global marker to an unprecedented ex- 
tent at a time when American companies 
and workers have become more competi- 
tive. And it extends free-trade principles 
to services and agriculture for the Brat 
time. By lowering trade barriers arid 
opening new markets, the GATT agree- 
ment will create hundreds of thousands 
of high-wage, high-skin jobs for Ameri- 
can workers in the next decade. And by 
reducing t ariffs on imports, it will lower 
prices for American consumers. 

After World War II, the United States 
led the way in constructing an open 
world trading. system. Those who de- 
signed the architecture for the postwar 
world understood that, to avoid another 
world war, strong security structures had 
to be reinforced by strong economic 
structures. They recognized that cooper- 


ation would allow economiesto grow and 
people to prosper. That cooperation, un- 
der a senes or GATT-sponsored world 
trade negotiations, enabled countries to 
cut tariffs, lower barriers arid create jobs; 

The architects of the postwar world 
also understood that nations United by 
trade would be less divided by conflict ? 
that* as Ftankfin Roosevelt's secretary of 
state, Cordell HoU, put it, "When goods 
move, soldiers don’t” - 
In the aftexmatltof the Cold War, die 
West has a new opportunity— and anew 
responsibility — to extend to the East the 
b enefi ts and the o MjgatiQris of fe same 
liberal trading and security order that 
have been pBlazs of strength for the 
The nations of Eastern Europe h^ye iiad- 

% p wiray. In rlrfwit qtmmi m iBn arulVht 1 . . 

fortitude to cany out difficult ireoiBoimc- 
rcfomL The best way to hdp them is to lift - 
the trade barriers that Hunt their experts 
and prospects for economic growth. - 
The GATT agreement wifi help the 
reforming economies of Eastern. Europe 
gain greater access to world mtukets and 
make them more attractive to- Western - 
investment The prosperity generated by 
trade will help those natrons bring the 
benefits of freedom home to their dtteais. 


By lowering barriers and especially by 
liftin g tarif fs, the agreement will bolster 
developing countries around the world. 
It wifi expand export opportunities for 
the nations of Latin America which have 
matte epic strides toward' free markets 
and freely elected governments in the 
past decade. And it wifihdp nations in 
Asia and Africa achieve sustained growth 
and sustainable development. 

• By app io vin g the agreement, we pro- 
mote global economic growth and (he 
siabilityitfostera We diminish the possi- 
bility that conflicts over trade will pose a 
threat to peace. We help new market de- 
mocracies sustain economic reform. We 
help ensure that the post-Gold War world, 
is not divided into new blocs: not North 
a g ainst Sooth, not rich against poor, not 
Neath America against Europe or Aria. 

. The United States faces a new test of 
leadership : to bttild oti the achievements 
of the liberal trading system to reinforce 
prosperity, stability and democracy 
around the wod& By ratifying the Uru- 
guay Round tins year, the United States 
riot orify wifi generate growth and jobs, 
but demonstrate once again that it has 
tire foresight and the confidence to lead. 

fb LasXngdex Times Syndicate. 


Iceland 50 Years On, Enduring Between Europe and America 


R eykjavik — Fiftieth anni- 

. veesaries are in the air these 
days, as we move from one World 
War U milestone to another. Re- 
cently, the Icelanders marked the 
50th anniversary of an event that 
took place during the war but was 
only indirectly related to it: their 
independence from Denmark- 
Little noticed by the outride 
world, every community in this 
island nation turned out on June 
17 to commemorate what is for 
these hardy people a holy day. 

The mam event took place at 
Thmgytillir, a spectacular lava 
formation not far from Reykjavik 
where the island's first Farlia- 


B j John. €. Auskmd 




ment met in 930. It is, by coinci- 
dence, near the place where the 


island is very slowly being torn in 
two, as Europe and America drift 
away from each other. This geo- 
logical phenomenon symbolizes 
the dil emma that confronts this 
nation of 260,000 as it seeks to 
adjust to the end of the Grid War. 

first settled by Norwegians 
who fled from Norway when 
Harald the Fairhaucd united his 


country by the sword in 872, the 
mdersb 


Icelanders have ova- the centuries 
had a difficult history. After a 


period of independence, they fell 
under the rule of first the Norwe- 
gians and then the Danes. 

finally, in 1918, they reached, 
an agreement with the Danes that 
would permit them to become in- 
dependent after 25 years. By that 
time, however, Hitler had swept 
oyer Europe. Denmark was occu- 
ied and unable to negotiate free- 
with the Icelanders. 

Having declared their neutral- 
ity, the Icelanders turned down a 
British offer to defend them. Out 
of concern that the German navy 
had a longer reach than it in fact 
had, a British destroyer on May 
10, 1940, sailed into Reykjavik's 
harbor and disgorged a battalion 
of troops. Taken by surprise. 
Prime Minister Hermann Jonas- 
son decided to make the best of 
things nnd advised his people to 
treat the British troops as guests. 

Not all Icelanders were so easi- 
ly reamriled. A half-century of 
tension between part of ihe popu- 
lation and foreign troops began. 

When an ill-prepared U.S. 
Marine contingent arrived on 
July 7, 1941, to begin replacing 


the British, garrison, (hey were 
greeted by considerable popular 
hostility, even though the gov- 
ernment had (reluctantly) invit- 
ed them. After an extremely dif- 
ficult winter, they were happy 
the next year to move over for 
the U.S. Army, which eventually 
had 45,000 men on the island. 

By VErDay, the air base that 
the Americans, constructed at 
Keflavik was playing an impor- 
tant role in air traffic to Germa- 
ny. Although the Icelanders 
wanted to be rid of the base, they 
finally agreed to a limited civfiian 
maintenance force. 

As the Cold War got under 
way, the Icelandic government 
was ambivalent about its role. 
When it finally decided to be a 
founding member of NATO, a 
riot broke out in the square in 
front of the Parliament. The po- ; 
lice had to use tear ^as to qnen iL 

Learning from this experience, 
ihe government changed its ap- 
proach when it decided to agree 
to the expansion of the base, at 
Keflavik, following the North 
Korean attack an South Korea. It 


Settle for Quality Sport on the Field 


TT7ESTPORT, Connecticut 
VY — The scolds and the dis- 
illusioned of modem America 
are once again lamenting the 
disappearance of the hero in our 
disenchanted times. 

Curiously, although sports 
troubadours are traditionally 
the dupes accused of being too 
quick to romanticize athletes, it 
is rarely our kind nowadays who 
carry on about how sports stars 
are, in the usual overwrought 
phrase, Letting Us Down. 

The fad is, people in sports 
and people who cover sports are 
much more understanding of 
bald reality. Athletes are, for the 


By Frank Deford 


most pari, young men footloose 
and fancy free, possessing, 


at 

wealth and little responsibility, 
who have been bootlicked and 
pushed ahead in line since they 
were children and are the re fore 
likely to Let Us Down. 

why should we Americans be 
surprised that our young royalty 
acts any differently from the 
spofled-kid aristocrats at balls 
in "Madame Bovary” with their 
"daily satisfied passions ... in 
which the muscles are flexed 
and vanity sated"? Welcome to 
the major leagues. 

But when forced to confront 
a case like O. J. Simpson's — or 
a much more eveiyday event 


like the drug-use suspensions 
right Gooden and Diego 


mantle while other equivalent 
entertainment figures remain 
merely stars, without moral ex- 
pectations. The athletes are built 
up even more because in our 
mtpiddr® society it is so hard for 
anyone to retain heroic status. 

_ Carlyle’s prescient observa- 
tion that "Democracy means 
despair of finding any heroes to 
govern you” has mwdy_ been 
confirmed by. the ordination of 
ersatz ballpark heroes. 

All this is complicated farther 
by that cloying term “role mod- 
el” More accurately, when ft 
comes to athletes mat people 
fawn over, it should. be "role 
dream.” AH too often, Ameri- 
can children cite some celebrity 
they would choose to be rathor 
than someone worthy they 
would prefer to be like. And 
them we get angry at the desig- 
nated role dream for riot living 
up to false demands. 

Athletes can’t help it if they 
arc looked up to. 

It should never shock us that 
kids are most impressed by 
sports stars and rod: singers. 
Neither should we be upset 
when O. J. arid Doc and Diego 
and Jennifer and Deny! and 


of Dwight o _ 

Maradona — nonsports jour- 
nalists have a very hard time 
teffing celebrities from heroes. 

For some reason, sport lumi- 
naries are draped in a hero's 


Pete go astray in their private 
lives. Most often we should take 


stars misbehave. Who knows? It 
may even be. good for them to 
see that famous people are not 
above the law. In (hat sense, 
Gooden’s 60-day suspension is 
surdy worth scores of canned 
public service announcements ' 
about Just Saying No. 

But — andi here’s. the rub — 
we should be far more con- 
cerned with the professional be- 
havior of athletes. It is there, on 
the field or court, that sports 
stars do have a real effect upon 
impressionable kids — and s lot 
of dopey adults too. 

It is one thing to be fold that 
so-and-so . was. caught, doing 
drugs. It is much more devastat- 
ing for fans to actually She their 
role dreams mugging each oth- 
er, insulting each other, carrying 
on brutally and abusively*- 

Of course; snorting cocaineis 
intrinsically a worse offense than 
trash talking. But each ugly ac- 
tion on the fidd of play — rc- 
peated in the soiled high&gris 
broadcast — carries far greater 
wright than what falsely ap- 
pointed heroes may do m the 
privacy of their own conceit. 

The woeful search for the 
peeriess may be appropriate, but 
when it comes to athletes it is 
enough to hold them to a heroic 
athletic standard — on the field, 
where seeing is believing. 


the hint from Muhammad AK's 
old tease: “Who knows where 1 
goes / When the door is dosed?" 

Anyway, children aren’t all 
that fragile when they learn that 


The writer is a contributing 
editor to Vanity Fair and assorts 
commentator for National Public - 
Radio. Re contributed this cam- 
matt to The A few York Times. 


made the announcement when 
Pariiaineat was notin seaman.,.; ; 

: That was in T95i, amd the peo- 
ple ar what is known in Iceland' 
as “The Base** 'have .been, on a:; 
roller coaster ever since. A1-. 
though Icelandic governments 
have consistently supp ort ed the 
existence of the base; t^ere has 

it to^^irejperi^o^^^t no- 
gotiatioos. Dining the 1980s, the 
United States and NATO spent 
more than SI billion in Iceland, 
on new radar mstalliitinpg and 
improvements at the base. 

With the Gold War over and 
money harder to get^thc Penta- 
gon has recently beea r^ncing 
its activities. 

When the U.S. Air Force tried 
to pull out its fighter squadron, 
it ran into a hornet’s nest, since 
-these aircraft syihbolizefor most 
Icelanders the Americayi) com- 
mitment to defend Iceland, As a - 
result, under an agr&mfcnt 
'reached in Jamrary, -there -are 
stiUfomfi^ierahcie.. . 

■■ r For the first Gune since it was 
established,- the bare at Keflavik 
stimulates Uttle, opjposition. 
Even . Olafur Rrignar Gximsson, 
leader of the People’s Alliance, 
winch has consisteatty opposed 
the base in the past, has made his 
.peace with it, on the grounds 
that it is now ured-to .support 
United Nations operations. 

If there was any doubt that the. 



President VIgdis Fumbogadottir, 
who is trpated, by her landsmen as 
a queen. Dressed all in white, she 
domina ted the- scene, winch in~ 
dnded royalty frpm Denmark, 
Norway and Sweden. 

AB tiiis Nbrdte 'Wanrith does 
hoc mcrntthitTceiand’^problcins 
are at ata. end.. With most of its ... , 
foreign exchange coming ficfc-'H 
the sale of fish, ihe country ft?* 5 '•* 
dependent on its fishing fleet'-' •: 
Having gained recognition of its . 
primacy around the island, the 
fleet has been venturing into . - - 
more distant 'waters. This has 
brought it into conflict with Nbfc ; 1 
wegian claims in the Barents Seal ' " 

To the accompaniment . of ’ 
threatening statements by politi- 
cal leaders, the Norwegian Coast 
Guard recently took to catting 
the wires that hold the Icelandic 
trawlers’ fishing nets. Ironically, 
it used a device the Icelanders 
developed during their contest 
with the British in (be 1970s. 

Tins was the eleventh of 
land's cod. wars since the 15th 
century. Although the Icelandic 
hosts avoided the subject in their ; 
-speeches, Norway’s King Harald . ' 
v found it necessary during hes- 


'• %*• 


V.v 


occupied, with Jtedand, . it. was. 
made dear when it waked until a 
few days before the 50th amiiver- 
sary to inform the Iodaodas thti 
it wouldsead John Deutch, depu- 
ty secretary of defense. Thereto 
been mmocs that Vice President 
A1 Gore would appear. 

The cerem ony at Thmgveffir 
was relaxed. Anyone could come, 
and about 25,000 did, despite In- 
dement weather. The star was 


necessary during; 

r ch at TTnngveflir to express 
hope . that normal -relations).' 
would soon be restored. 

In the meantime, Icdanc 
are keeping a dose eye on thfc ■ 
evolution of the Norwegian atti- . 
tnde toward the European. 1 . * 
Union; If, as seems nrililc * 1 *' “ 
Norwegians decade later in 


year in favor of membdshq), 
led and would be 



‘•V ^ . 


debate abom what it : 

„ AWiough b . public opinfofl'^-; ^ 
poll indicates a majority 
“riders want to beccane mefoeu ^ 
bers of the European Union, the 
political leadership is divided otf : ■*" 
how -fast the country should'- *; «iv 
move in this direction. 

" International Herald Tribune. ..’ 1 


75 AND 50 YEARS AGO. 


1894: 

LOrirpON ; and 

Frmcess ctf'WafesfStad the Prin- 
Maud visited 

r prizes. The Princess of Wales 
wore a beautiful dress of silk with 
large, stripes of - Mack arid French 
gray, and the young Princesses 
were dressed alike In Royal bine 

rilkwifowhhelflceiTmmiingg Jhr 

Harrovians were enchanted at the 
presence of Royalty and cheered 
as only public -schtxdbqys can. -. 


Treaty was signed, nnd Airing a 
momentary lol) in the proceed^-- 
jn^ Mr. Lloyd George^jddep# _ 

ion, and. , addr essing no- aue in 


particular, said: “I suppose ariuB/ ^ 
of you has any Objection toW?M.; > 
Kaiser beuur tried in Dtodonf^’ 


1944; Chinese Comebad^ 


CHUNGKING - Wi 

New York edition:; 



1919 rAQnkk Decision 


PARIS — The cat is out of the 
bag, and it i^nov known when 
and how (he "Big Three” agreed, 
that the triaLpf the Kaiser should 


„ ... _ „ Jtj£r*tre decision 

brace all records. It happened at 
a sacetiiig a few days before the 


tramps, ra a dnunatic mhuhw* 
have smashed through the Jaj» 
nesc ararcferaent of Hengyaaf 
surrounded enemy Hows eas 
south and west of vital ch 
ffld seized the initiative in all ** 
tors in Hunan P ro v ince, the Qfl 
nese Mgh command smd tonijjh 
IJiily 7], A Chinese Andy spokes 

man announced that the* 
Kjunter-thrusts had s 

Pripiug-r^ * 






.-f 




LJ* 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 


Page 


i 


OPINION 


A Russian Makes the Case 



J 


mansion 

By Stephen ?. Rosenfeld 


TIJASHINGTON — The critical 
▼T smuggle over Whether NATO 
ouBhtto take in. Central Europe — 
•Bill Qmton, in Warsaw this we*, 
wbs stiD hedang unfolds on the 
premise that Russia objects to having 
the alliance move east to its very, 
doorete^ Is this loss of a strategic 
butler Russia s reward lor abandon- 
ing communism and empire 7 The 
question arises both from aggrieved 
Russians and from Americans, in- 
-chiding policymakers at the highest 
level, sympathetic to their alamu^' 

Good answers are av ailable in- 
duding that, in all due respect, Rus- 
sia caniHX be alk^ to cafi NATO’s 

s hot s. Bui the most td&ng response 
wanes from an unexpected location: 

Russia ksdL Russia has in effect two 
parties, one looking West and mean- 
ing to leave (OTpiie behind, the other 
looking more inward and readier to 
reassert the old order. Among the 
. Westerztizens who see no good reason 
for Poland, Hungary and the two 
halves of the fo rme r fTediftci^wiiriB 
not to join NATO, Sergd Blagovo- 
tin's voice rings dear. 

Mr. Blagovotin is a veteran of the 
■ policy wars who runs an institute in 
Moscow and is high in the Russia's 
Choice party of Yegor Gai dar. He 
$ and the Hudson Institute's William 
Odom, a retired general and framer 
bead of the National Security Agen- 
cy. explored the issue of NATO's 
expansion in the int ernat ional affairs 
periodical Novoc Vremya, Na 7: ' " 

The idea drodates that, “the Rus- 
sians’* oppose NATO expansion. 
But Mr. Odom notes that Boris 
Yeltsin said in Warsaw and Prague 
last September that Russia would 
not object if theyjoined. Only latex; 
under pressure from a mifitaiy that- 
had bailed him oat in a confronta- 
tion with the old Parliament, did die 
president reverse his stance. 

Mr. Blagovotin went an to make 
the case for expansion from Russia's 
point of view: 

NATO has no offensive potential, 
a condition confirmed by its unanim- 
ity rule, the reduction of UB. forces 
to the 100,000 level audits turn from, 
preparing to repel a Soviet invasion 
to refocusing on regional conflict. 

Poland, Hungary, the Czech Re- 
public and Slovakia sit in a “miK- 
taxy-political vacuum” and K crasr 
pletdy rationally” fear unforeseen 
developments In Russia and 
. Ukraine, not to forget Germany. 
They are “more or less ‘compati- 
ble’” with NATO, and ready — 
unlike many other wodld-be mem- • 
i bers — and their participation does 
* not threaten Russia. . “Generally' 
speaking, I see only one real danger 



T^awaafaiSF 


Sooth Africa 


i-PLO 


in NATO’sexpansion — the possi- 
bifity that reactionary forces in Rus- 
sracould use this as one more excuse 
to ignite anti-Western sentiments.” 

- Russia’s own -entry' into the alli- 
ance would mean a “gigantic expan* ■ 
Sion” of NATO’s sphere, into an “At-. 
Ian tic-Pacific -structure,” and many . 
existing NATO members would re- 
bel. “brother words, [Russian entiy] 
Is a guaranteed- way to. end NATO, 
practically if. not formally." 

Mr. BtagovoKn’s favored alterna- 
tive to membership for Russia is 
a . high-level strategic partnership, 
with the United States aim NATO in 
Europe and with' the' United Stales 
and others in Asia. Such cooperation 
“would also become an extremely ef- 
fective mea ns for preventing a hew 
strategic division of Europe on the 
basis of a ‘dash of crvilizatiohs,* 
which Prof. [Samuel] Huntington 
a desolate iso- 


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Tidied Up for the Weekend 
And Hoping It Might Last 

By William D. Montalbano 




i from all developed countries of 
the worid awaits us.” 

It is so, of course, that one policy 
.wont’s article does not prove that 
a tidal wave of entightemnent is 
about to sweep over a divided and 
distracted Russian government. 
But itcan only help to realize that 
the anti-expansion bluster one 
hears in Moscow, and the sympa- 
thetic echo of it that one hears in 
Washington, is something less than 
the whole story: representing not 
eternal verities but a political de- 
bate in the one place and a diplo- 
matic posture in -the other. 

It patronizes Russians to thmlc 
they cannot bring themselves to un- 
derstand that NATO expansion 
does not threaten them, and prom- 
ises them security advantage and 
much more. By steadying down a 
, disruption-prone slice of Europe on 
a sensitive Russian border, expan- 
sion gives heart arid political space 
to Russia’s liberal Westernizing par- 
ty and steals a card from the conser- 
vative and nationalistic party that is 
given to tension and adventure. 

- NATO has held off cm expand- 
ing so as not to stir up Russian 
nationalists and undercut Mr. Yelt- 
sin. But this reduces a consider- 
ation of high strategy to an issue of 
low tactics. Mr. Odom warns that 
Western hesitation may encourage 
father than discourage Russian im- 
perialist tendencies: 

“Now it is. painfully dear that 
failing to hedge against the failure 
of liberal development in Russia is 
a strategic error. It can still be cor- 
rected. Russia is in no position to 
prevent the expansion of. NATO 
today. In a few years ii may be.” 
The Washington Post. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Devahiation Can Help 

Regarding the report “ Under Im- 
posed Devaluation, Africa’s Poorest 
Get Poorer ” (June 3): 

The writer stales that the “clearest 
result” of the devaluation of the 
CFA franc is the exacerbation of 
poverty in the CFA zone. In fact, 
a well-managed economic reform 
program offers compelling benefits 
even to West Africa’s poor. 

The vast mqority of west Africans 
are rural farmers who stand to gain 
when the price fra* their goods in- 
creases. At the end of the article, the 
writer hersdf points out that the con- 
sumption of nee imported from Thai- 
land used to be cheaper than con- 
sumption of local foodgrains — a 
pattens that is now changing under 
post-devaluation pressure. 

In addition, most West African 
consumers, even urban consumers 
in Niger, base their diets largely on 
non traded, domestically produced 
items such as coarse gram and root 
and tuber crops whose prices are not 
affected by toe devaluation. 

Urban consumers in coastal 
countries, such as Senegal and the 
Ivory Coast, are much more depen- 
dent on imported rice to be sure, but 
they will find ample supplies of mil- 
let, sorghum and cassava in West 
African markets this year. 

Even countries like Niger. Bur- 
kina Faso and Mali, landlocked in 
the Sahel of West Africa, yet with 
economic comparative advantage in 
the production of coarse grains, 
meat, groundnuts, cotton and 
(sometimes) rice, will see the region- 


al market opportunities for these 
goods change as coastal countries to 
their south no longer import meat, 
grains and vegetable oils to the same 
extent from the world market and 
instead increase their demand for 
these goods from their neighbors to 
the north. In the process, the vast 
majority in these countries — their 
rural producers — will benefit. 

The lesson from noo-CFA West 
African countries such as Ghana, 
which have already gone signifi- 
cantly down the path of economic 
reform, is that a competitive ex- 
change rate and an open economy 
do not bring hardship to the popu- 
lation. Rather, by decreasing the 
relative cost of labor and increasing 
the relative cost of imported goods, 
devaluation makes both import- 
substitution and export activities 
competitive once again. 

This offers the hope that Sub- 
Saharan Africa can be more than 
just a source of primary materials 
for world markets, contributing 
higher- value manufactured goods 
to the global economy as well. 

B. LYNN SALINGER. 

Concord, Massachusetts. 

The writer is senior economist with 
Associates for International Resources 
and Development of Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, a firm specializing in eco- 
nomic research and consulting in West 
Africa and around the world. 

A Vital Distinction 

Dolls are playthings. They are 
made of plastic or china. They do 
not fed pain. They occasionally gel 


stepped on. left out in the rain or 
lost entirely. Dolls break. They lose 
a limb here and there, they get worn 
out, even abused. But doUs. even 
abused ones, go on being just that 
— toys that can be discarded or 
packed away. And they never feel 
the pain that a human being sub- 
jected to abuse would feeL 

I am a woman. I am not a dolL 
And I am perfectly capable of feel- 
ing pain. I am writing in response to 
the insensitive headline “Guys 
Aren’t Supposed to Bash Dolls” that 
ran over Bob Herbert's opinion col- 
umn about domestic violence (Opin- 
ion, June 30). The headline misses 
the “big challenge” that Mayor Ru- 
dolph Giuliani of New York wants 
to see addressed. Mr. Herbert writes 
that Mr. Giuliani knows that the 
culture needs to change “so that it is 
second nature for men to view the 
beating of women as ‘despicable and 
cowardly conduct.’” Until people 
stop referring to women as dolls, 
this challenge cannot be met. 

KATE WARKENTIN. 

Paris. 

Fishing for a Verdict 

Regarding “ Fiske , the Clinton 
Shield, Is Hardy Independent” (Opin- 
ion, June 24) by William Safire : 

Mr. Safire harps obsessively on 
Whitewater. It is dear from this 
article that the only judgment on 
this relatively trivial matter that he 
would accept as independently ar- 
rived at is the verdict “guilty 

MARTIN C. BATTESTIN- 
London. 


N APLES — The question being 
tested here under the volcano is 
whether, banning with one world- 
important and summer-scorched 
weekend in July, it is possible to hew 
order from the chars called Naples. 

When the leaders of the seven rich- 
est nations arrive on Friday, will they 
And a historic and beautiful city that 
is belatedly recovering its health and 
pride? Or wfll they see hasty makeup 
caking an urban corpse? 

Reform Naples? Don't laugh too 
hard Change is afoot in Italy’s messi- 
est metropolis- Reforms are being 

MEANWHILE 

launched, and some people lake them 
seriously. “I have begun to stop for 
red lights,” said Tullio Pironti. a book 
publisher. “I used to feel stupid if T 
stopped, because nobody else did.” 
The Italian government, security 
de tails of the leaders and Neapolitans 
th emse lves will make sure these visi- 
tors see no trace of it, but there is a 
everlastingly seamy side of Naples. 
When I exclaimed at a white-bearded 
body in blue jeans tying in the gutter, 
my driver scarcely braked explain- 
ing, “No, he's not dead; that’s Alfon- 
so, who’s quite comfortable there. 
He’s a habitud Alfonso drinks and 
drinks. I think he drinks to forget." 

Oblivion and disorder, thy name is 
Napoli. Little moves under the broil- 
ing sun except hands jammed on 
horns. Motrabikes weave on side- 
walks around pedestrians, pickpock- 
ets, con men, preteen apprentice 
hoods called “ scugnizzi .” Vendors 
hawk African gewgaws, Miami Dol- 
phin hats, smuggled cigarettes and 
pirated copes ofX-rated movies. The 
streets are also home to a nasty 
branch of organized crime called the 
Camorra, arm support some of Eu- 
rope’s highest official unemployment 
and worst civic services. Neapolitans 
agree that their city is ungovernable 
and untivable, but 78 percent tell 
pollsters they would never leave. 

Naples may even seem quite magi- 
cal from B31 din ton’s vantage point 
in the Caruso Suite of the Hotel Ve- 
suvio at the heart of a newly coiffed 
city core. What a difference a year 
can make! Last summer, the dty hit 
bottom, overwhelmed by corruption 
and decay. Garbage festered, few 
traffic lights worked, potholes swal- 
lowed roads, the water was brown, 
the- dty was not paying its bills. 

Change began on Aug. 6, 1993, 
when Prefect Umberto Improta, 
Rome’s senior representative in Na- 
ples, dissolved the feuding, corrupt 
and inept dty government Mr. Im- 
prota, 61. formerly police chief in 


Milan and Rome, does not take kind- 
ly to dvic malfeasance. In two years, 
be has dissolved 16 local govern- 
ments in the region for having links 
to the Camorra and 40 others for 
administrative paralysis. In Naples, 
he named administrators to run the 
bankrupt dty until fall elections. 

Before that, though, tben-Prime 
Minister Carlo Ciampi amazingly 
asked if Naples could possibly acco- 
modate the G-7 stummmt meeting. 

“I said yes, if certain dungs woe 
done first” said Mr. Improta. The 
central and regional governments du- 
tifully acted up about $35 million for 
infrastructure preparations. 

When the mayoral elections came, 
Naples turned to the left in protest 
against corrupt establishment par- 
ties. Antonio BassoUno, 47, a long- 
time apparatchik of the former Ital- 
ian Communist Party, defeated 
Alessandra Mussolini, granddaugh- 
ter of the former dictator. 

Together, Mr. Improta and Mr. 
Bassolino have begun stitching the 
dty back together. Public works 
contracts are now let on a fixed- 
price bads in a blind draw of com- 
peting companies — a revolution in 
the Italian context Repaving of the 
main bayside road, a dvic priority 
for decades, is finish ed. The Piazza 
del Plebisdto and the Via San Carlo 
have been redone and antiqued to 
restore them to the way they looked 
in the early 19th century when Na- 
ples, home of a ruling Spanish king, 
stood with Paris and London in the 
front rank of European capitals. The 
Royal Palace, where the G-7 leaders 
will meet has had its face lifted. The 
police are giving traffic tickets; 
trucks are towing illegally parked 
cars. Mr. Bassolino has reopened 
half a dozen parks. 

But the philosopher and social 
commentator Luigi Campagnone, 78, 
a lifdong Naples resident is skepti- 
cal: “I never go out anymore because 
I cannot bear to see Naples. It’s un- 
livable. People go into raptures about 
the music, sky, sun, sea, sand. Lies, all 
lies. I define Naples as a collective 
infection. Two weeks after G-7 it will 
be exactly the same mess as before.” 

Naples is no stranger to big inter- 
national gatherings, or the fact that 
liule lasting good usually survives 
them, said the Neapolitan sonolo- 
gist Domenico de MasL The Roman 
emperor Tiberius held ancient world 
versions of G-7s on the island of 
Capri off tiie Naples coast, he said. 

“Greeks, Romans, Renaissance 
[Minces, 16th- and 17th-century kings 
have always met here; it's an excuse 
for a party." Mr. de Masi said. 

Los Angeles Times. 


y 


Provisional Airport Authority Hong Kong 


Hong Kong’s new airport is .moving into a new. stage of development 
with a wide range of contracts to be awarded during coming months. . 
The Provisional Airport Authority intendsto award the following contracts: 


LIST OF CONTRACTS 

initial -Contracts - ' 

Primary Power Substation A 
Ground Transportation Sub-structure 
Airfield Tiirinels 

Stormwater Drainage Box Culverts 
pump House Structures 
Ground Improvement 


Forecast 
Tender Issue 

July 94 
August 94 
August 94 
August 94 
October 94 
To be announced 


Construction Support Contracts and 
Licences 

Lok On Pai Office Refurbishment - Phase 2 

Work Force Accommodation 
Concrete Batching Licence 

Labour Camp Operations Licence 

Materials Testing Licence 

Medical Services Licence 
Fuel Supply Licence 
Ferry Services Licence 
Water Disposal Licence 


July 94 
July 94 
July 94 
July 94 
August 94 
September 94 
September 94 
September 94 
November 94 


Passenger Terminal Building 

Passenger Terminal Building Structure 

Master Systems Integration 

Passenger Terminal Building Services 
Passenger Terminal Building Lifts . . . 

pSenger Terminal Building Escatetors 

Passenger Terminal Building Wallcways 

Aircraft Loading Bridges 
Pre-conditioned Air 

Fixed Ground Power 

PaSnger^r^ Bagga9 e Security Screening 

Airfield Works 

Airfield Wortrs 


August 94. 

September 94 
August 94 
August 94 
August 94 
August 94 
August 94 
• August 94 
August-94 
To be announced 
October 94 


MOVING AHEAD 


September 94 


Oil Interceptor Pumping System 
Runway and Taxiway Lighting 
Apron High Mast Lighting 
Aviation Fuel Hydrant System 

Landside Infrastructure 

Landside Infrastructure 
Sewage Pumping Systems 
Potable Water System 
Sea Water Pumping System 
Electrical Equipment and Distribution Systems 
. Emergency Power Plants . 

Waste Water Treatment System 
Expressway Traffic Control & Surveillance 

Ground Transportation Centre 

Ground Transportation Centre 
Ground Transportation Centre Building Services 
Ground Transportation Centre Lifts 
Ground Transportation Centre Escalators 
Ground Transportation Centre Walkways 

Miscellaneous Buildings 

Miscellaneous Buildings (7 to 10 contracts) 


October 94 
October 94 
October 94 
To be announced 


December 94 
October 94 
October 94 
October 94 
November 94 
November 94 
December 94 
To be announced 


April 95 
April 95 
April 95 
April 95 
April 95 


To be announced 


Invited and Selected in Conjunction 
with a Passenger Terminal 
Contractor 


Architectural Fit .Out; Signage & Graphics; 
Fixtures, Fittings & Equipment - 
Works to be packaged on a trade basis 


To be announced 


Invited and Selected in Conjunction 
with a Master Systems Integration 
Contractor 

Flight Information System 
Passenger Terminal Building ■ Public Address 
Telephone System 
Trunked Mobile Radio 

Building Management System and Supervisory 
Control and Data Acquisition System 
Voice and Data Cabling System 


October 94 
October 94 
October 94 
October 94 


Closed Circuit Television 
Access Control and Detection 

Invited and Selected in Conjunction 
with an Airfield Works Contractor 


October 94 
October 94 


Soft Landscaping 


To be announced 


Invited and Selected in Conjunction 
with a Landside Infrastructure Main 
Contractor 


Soft Landscaping 
Irrigation System 


To be announced 
To be announced 


Invited and Selected in Conjunction 
with a Ground Transportation Centre 
Main Contractor 


Architectural Fit Out; Signage & Graphics; 
Fixtures, Fittings and Equipment - 
Works to be packaged on a trade basis 


To be announced 


Companies which have not already expressed an interest in taking part 
in these contracts should do so by requesting a prequalification 
questionnaire and returning it on or before 22 Jufy 1994 to: 

The Project Director 

Provisional Airport Authority Hong Kong 

25th Floor, Central Plaza 

18 Harbour Road 

Wan Chai 

Hong Kong 

Attention: Ms Stella Fok 
Fax No: (852)802 8231 





International Herald Tribune 
Friday, July 5 , 1994 
Page 8 



JZZ 


JS? ' / 










Exotic costuming and fanciful lighting are features of the Cirque du Soldi, one of Quebec’s main cultural exports. 


Til M 9 VIE 6 1 1 1 1 


Trap cto Bonheur 


Directed by Cedric Kahn. 
France. 


Valferie (Estelle Perron) and 
Mathilde (Caroline Trousse- 
lard), high school students in 
a small southern village, are 
best friends, but Valfcrie is the 
kind of blonde who gets all 
the attention from the boys. 
Kam el (Malek Bechar) and 
Didier (Didier Borga) are 
best friends too, but Didier is 
a French boy and Kamel is 
an Arab. The story of those 
who are excluded horn the 
game of love and desire is 
played out on dusty bikes 
and during a parly. Kahn, 
who made “Bar des Rails,” a 
fine mournful first feature, 
developed this fable from a 
TV film (part of a series an 
adolescence called “Tons les 
garcons et les Giles de leur 
age*"). His structure looks 
Rohmerian, with the criss- 
crossing of couples and (be 
choreographed all-night par- 
ty. A “Ma runt chez Claude” 
for the ’90s? Of course, these 
kids don't articulate or even 
express much, so what takes 
place has to be gleaned from 
trite talk, smooth empty faces 
and the gap between their 
words and deeds. Such ba- 
nality may mak** the charac- 
ters seem real, but it’s as if 
they’re involved in an ex- 
hausting exercise, not always 
gripping to watch. 

(Joan Dupont, IHT) 



cated and surprisingly, 
pleasingly light. The movie 
isn't wholly great; it starts to 
unravel just after the mid- 
way point Still, there are 
charms enough all the way 
through to make it the most 
seductive, most enjoyable 
Film of the summer. 

(Hal Hinson, WP) 


Michelle Pfeiffer and Jack Nicholson in “Wolf.” 


Wolff 


Directed by Mike Nichols. 
U.S. 


“Wolf," the new Mike Nich- 
ols film starring Jack Nich- 
olson and MIcheflc Pfeiffer, 
doesn’t take a straight hor- 
ror film approach to the 
werewolf genre, and it’s not 
a jokey send-up either. It’s 
something fresher and infi- 
nitely more inventive — a 
satire about how to climb 
the corporate ladder that 
uses werewolf lore only as its 


metaphorical springboard. 
In its own delightfully pecu- 
liar way, the film is the only 
one of its kind ever made — 
a horror film about office 
politics. What Nichols has 
attempted here — with the 
assistance of the screenwrit- 
ers Jim Harrison and Wesley 
Stride — is the filmmaking 
equivalent of a high-wire 
act. The result is a some- 
times shaky, always en- 
chanting Beauty and the 
Beast story for grown-ups 
that is the very essence of 
smart fun — droll, sophisti- 


HwShadow 

Directed by Russell Mukahy. 
U.S. 

The Shadow” is based on 
the exceptionally popular ra- 
dio character, who appeared 
in 1930 and didn't vanish 
from the airwaves until 1954. 
“Who knows what evil lurks 
in the hearts of men? The 
Shadow knows,” is one of the 
most famous phrases in 
American pop culture, famil- 
iar even to people who have 
no idea who the Shadow was 
or what he did. In this sleek, 
entertaining new movie, the 
Shadow is Alec Baldwin, a 
wily actor who brings along 
just the right mix of do-goo- 
dism and evil potential Style 
is almost everything hoe, 
and it’s a tough call whether 
the star is handsomer than 
the sets. One of die big fad- 
ings of “The Shadow,” 
though, is that neither the 


Shadow nor the plot are very 
compdling. But me movie of- 


fers a diverting, nostalgic re- 
treat to the innocent days 
when crime fighting was a 
pleasant, rich man's hobby. 

(Caryn James, NYT) 


Reinvented Circus From 



By Ann Duncan 


M 


QNTREAL — In only 10 


years, the Cirque du 
has grate from being a ragtag 


bunch of stflt-walkcrs, fire- 
eaters and assorted street p erf ormers' to 
becoming one of Quebec's chief cultural 
exports. 

The Montreal-based Cirque did this by 
reinventing the circus from the groundup. 
For the Cirque is about as far removed 
from Bam am and Bailey as water from 

wina^ ^ hnmdof ’ Iras 

transcends! national* 1 boundaries, dunn- 
ing crowds around the world. Its three 
current shows — each production with its 
own theme, flavor, story line and raison 
d’etre — are playing in three different 
countries. 

Until Sept. 11 in Tokyo, the. Cirque is 
performing “Saltimbanco,” about a fan- 


lighting and theatricality have been bor- 
rowed from or. mQue&oed by ‘other -key 
cultural figures in Quebec! These include 
the mtematiozurily known theater director 
Robert Lepage, the Carbone 14 dance- 
pcrfcnnance group and the rode star Mi- 
chel Lemieux, who is considered a wizard 
with lighting and special effects. - 
. Yes, there is stfljabig top. This “circus 
of the sun” usually perfonus under its 
trademark blue-ahd-yeUow, 2,500-seat 
tent, although thb Cirque was asked to use 
a more muted daxkblue for its current run 
in Tokyo. ’ T. - 

But gone are many of the traditional,, 
three-ring entertainments. Instead, the 
Cirque usually presents a coherent show, 
complete with a thane and plot develop- 
ment, all presented. cm one amorphously 


of pure magic that draws almost umfonn- 

^ T^eCriqM^"talent is as international as 
the show's customary appeal. In “Ale- 


the show's customary appeal, 
grin," the three clowns are from Russia, 
rwo 9-year-old contortionists are from 
Mongolia, the pole balancers are from 

rviitia the comedian is fixxn Bdgium, and 


tastical vision of the future, and Cirque 
officials recently announced that they 


would be taking “Saltimbanco” on the 
arcus’s most ambitious European tour 
ever, starting in March 1995 in Amster- 
dam. 

The Cirque also has a permanent home 
for its “Mystfere" show at the Mirage Re- 
sorts hotel in Las Vegas. And it recently 
unveOed its latest show, “Alegrla.” before 
enchanted hometown crowds here. “Ale- 
gria” — whose title is Spanish for elation 
or joyfulness — will then go on a two-year 
tour of North America with stops in San 
Francisco, Santa Monica, New York, To- 
ronto, Chicago, Boston, Washington and 
Atlanta. 

In the company’s experience, a Europe- 
an tour is something of a gamble. In 1990, 
the Cirque hit London during a rare beat 
wave. “It was the biggest heat wave in the 
past 60 years,” Jean David, the Cirque’s 
vice president of marketing and communi- 
cations, said recently. “Everybody left 


. too, raafmmals. The Cirque ex- 
ploits huTP**" beings only, transforming 
them by tumintofivjpg pretzels (the con- 
tortionists), crazed vrald beasts (the death- 
defying aerial acts and hypcr-energetic 
acrobats), and loony creatures who seem 


to spring from the dcxgf recesses of a 
collective unconscious: These 


thTtombleis are from, the United States. 
pnd Ppnarlai. 

But the corps of the creative team is 
almost exdusivdy Quebeeois. with Gilles 
Ste.-Croix, a former Jhe-eater, as artistic 
director; Franco . Dragone, whose back- 
ground is the theater, as director; Domi- 
niquc Lemicux, a fine arts graduate, is the 
dgg»gn«y and Rent Dnpert com- 
poses the music. ■ • 

The Orque, & nonprofit organization 
with projected earnings this year of 40 
miDiaa <>v»»dt«n dollars ($29 million), b 
taking fts successes in stride, and with a 
customary, measure of Canadian under- 
statement.. ' 

“Weil, we’re not Michael Jackson,” Da- 
vid said. “Bat we are doing very well” 


can. range 
from almost traditional clowns to New 
Age Greek choruses. ‘ . - 
All these Cirque-styled creatures arc in 
ultra-exotic costumes, with jfanriful light- 
ing, hypnotic music and mesmerizing cho- 
reography. In short, the Cirque is the kind 


town, including the tourists, and nobody 
wants to go into a lent when it’s 100 


degrees outside.’ 

Many of the Cirque's seemingly revolu- 
tionary approaches to costumes, staging. 


l Eli JUS 


■ A retrospective of Omi 

Eastwood’s life and films will be 
available next year on CD-ROM! 
The Starwave Crap. m-BeQcyne^ 
Washington, said the interactive 
compact disk wfll display film dips, 
photographs and befamd-the- 
socnesfootagaTheideaof 
exp erimenting with this medium is 
■ attractive to me," Eastwood 
, Go ahead, make my disk. . 


R ADICAL reinvaitioii of the cir- 
cus is the secret, he said, and 
that stems to a large degree from 
French-speaking Quebec's unre- 
lenting quest for identity during the last 30 
years or so. 

This quest, David said, has prompted a 
number of Quebec artists to question at . 
some basic level who they are and why. 
espexaatty what it means to be a French 
speaker. surrounded in North America by 
a sea 6f more than 200 million predomi- 
nantly speakers. And in so doing, 

he added, these Quebeckers touched on 
issues fli&t that affected other people 


not just about being Quebeck- 
ers," DSvid said. Tfs about being human 
beings; . . . Ifs a matter of our own sur- 


Or as the program notes for “Ale 
say: Tf you have no voice, scream; if you - 
. have no legs, run; if you have no hope, 
'invent,” 


Ann Duncan is a journalist in Montreal 


NewWave: Urban Mediterranean ;-n 


By Molly O’Nefll 

New York Tima Service 


N EW YORK — A man is squint- 
ing at paint chips in -hues of 
deep yellow, gold and orange at 
a store on Canal Street in lower 
Manhattan. He wants to turn his loft into 
a patch of Tuscany. “You know," he says, 
“faded but sunny.” 

A woman whose leather briefcase, gold 
watch and harried expression say Serious 
Professional emerges from a taxicab, espa- 
drflles first Steam from a nearby subway 
grate catches ha purple and orange sarong. 

They may be urban, but the clothes they 
wear, the decor they choose and the food 
they eat all evoke a picturesque village 
perched on a hillside overlooking the 
Mediterranean. In Italy, perhaps, or 
southern France, or Greece, or any other 
country that abuts that sea. 

The Mediterranean lifestyle, a loosely 
defined fantasy of casual, healthful, warm 
and intimate existence, is comfortable for 
the stylish and accessible for the striving. 
Everybody finds it oh, so chic. And it 
seems to offer solutions to a battery of 
modem America quandaries. Chic is rare- 
ly random. 

“AH that Milan high style — flashy. 


ropolitan Home. “People want easier.kss. ' 
complicated, less showy fives.'” ' - 

leroy & ^^hchiMontabks^sonK: fnje : 
restaurants; pitchera erf herbed ofifc 'on,' : ‘ 
rather thap dishes of iced swert buttet^fref 
increasingly being served with bread, and ; 
bottles of rustic country wines are bang 
plopped directly on tables wherecartftilly - 
decanted bottles of fine, vintages used , to 
be. Byo-byp dialing Wishes, ' actio wood- ~ 
fircdovens. ■ 1,5 

In private homes, decor as well as ejrtgr- 
taining styles, epicure long, lazy -after- _ 
noons in a tavetna. Severaiyfcars 'sgtf^ar 
serious dinner party nrigjbt have meant, 
canapes, diced chicken breast and dabo- - 
rate fans offeaby vegpraBles; N6w it often * 
means oil-cured ohwSiToavcs^rf peasan^ 
bread, p letters of grilled chicken, 
bowls of pasta and salads, a& served a-" 
multaneously. ' 

“People want real food, fresh food, as 
dose to its natural state as possible,” said 
Jean-Mkbd Savoca, the owner of New 
York Parties».a caterer. The French idi- 


'Ss ; \wdely asthe language, politics and 
xtfigfooS of thc intfividual countries. But 


mafi rf than, vegetables and grain are 
merit, meat is used sparingly and 

idfiVrbflT-^lotsof 


'* Asarg^iholivc oil sales in the United 
States is probably the best barometer of 
changing., taste. Arlene Wanderman, the 
spokesworaanin America for the lntema- 
Council, a, trade group, 
sridnearty poundsof OUve oil 

were imported lasTyear, as against 64 
>nri£hrai»pou&d&in]9& 



Americans have 
more on tdive oil than com 
stares, accradingto 
by;Infonnar 
an organization 

thntchszts grocery- sales. 

’ ISealth conberoS probably figure as 
prominently as taste in the shift in oil 


showy and very ’80s — is gone,” said 
'ichiefol 


Donna Warner, the editor in chief of Met- 


less fusty Italian one.’ 

Food is an important conduit far The 
.Mediterranean mania. What began nearly 
a decade ago as a love for all edibles 
Italian is now a growing taste for the 
coating from all the lands- that border the _ 
inland sea. 

The cutsincs of the Mediterranean wny. 



-type customer. 


Wan derman , 

Health consdousness is no bit player in 
the fasematkm with the Mediterranean 
region, where the rates of coronary bean 
disease and some forms of diet-related 
cancer are lower than in the United States. 
But (he mythic Mediterranean lifestyle is 
more aUunng than yet another physician’s 
retommeaded eating regime. . 


HOLIDAYS & TRAVEL 


























International Herald Tribune 
Friday y July 8 , 1994 
Page 9 




Seeing London From the Thames 


By William E Schmidt 

Ne * Y <*k Tones Serna 

L ondon — with two short 

be §? n to bring the boat around. 

T TJj* k^U 051 glided underneath 
Tower Bridge, and most of the passengers 
who paid for the hourlong aghSeonenip 
aboard the open-decked 60-foot(I8-nK- 
ter) boat were still twisted round m then- 
seats, squinting at the great Gothic-style 
towers soaring above the river. 

“Now would be a good time to get out 
your cameras," the ^pfnin announced 
over the loudspeaker as he swung the bow 
upnver and steered between the brute's 
huge stone piers. 

Never mind that the boat,, and every- 
one’s cameras, were now aimed into the 
late afternoon sun. Backlighted and 
framed in shadow, the gray stone towers 
and larticeworks of iron girders, freshly 
painted in brilliant white and blue to cele- 
brate the bridge's - centenary this year, 
loomed spectacularly over the river, offer- 
ing a new and dramatic view of one of 
London's most familiar 1andfnaTi c y_ 

On balmy summer afternoons, there are 
few better and more interesting ways to 
see London than from the deck of a cruise 
boat gliding along the Thames. 

The river, after ah, is not only the heart 
of (he ancient capital and, in a way, its ' 
main road, it is the reason the city exists; 
London was founded by the Romans as a 
river port in A. D. 43. 

Simply as a vantage point for seeing 
London, the river opens up new vistas, 
affording a kind of wide-angle perspective 
rarely glimpsed within the capital itself. 
From the Thames, the great dome of St 
Paul's or the buildings of Parliament or 
the 18th-century splendor of Somerset 
House, just beyond Waterloo Bridge, 
loom much larger and more powerful 
The river itself is cleaner and more 
pleasant than it used to be. While health 


authorities say the river is not safe for 
swimming, officials of Britain’s National 
River Authorities say they have counted 
112 species of fish in the river, as a result 
of aim^nution projects started during 

On the lower stretches of the river, 
boats are again harvesting cockles, and 
Dover sole and even salmo n swim freely 
along its length. 

As recently as the nud-19th century, the 
Thames was little more than a tidal cess- 
pool; more than 400 sewers emptied di- 
rectly into the river, and the smell, was so 
horrific inride P arliament that sheets 
soaked in lime chloride were hung in river- 
ride committee roans in the hope of over- 
powering the stench. 

- WMe the Thames is stfflveiybusy.it is 
not nearly as crowded as it was earlier this 
century, when freighters and cargo 
barques used to tie up in long rows beside 
riverside warehouses. - . 

Many of those warehouses — especially 
the ones on the south of the river, across 
from the CSty — -have since been conven- 
ed into trendy apartments, offices and 
restaurants, giving the river a new and 
friendhor public face. Inseveral locations, 
pubs and restaurants have opened terrace 
decks overlooking die river. 

M OST river cruises begin at 
Westminster Pier, just below 
the tower of Big Ben. The 
boats, at the pier across the 
street from the Westminster Underground 
station, range from enclosed double-deck- 
ers, complete with bar; to smalle r boats 
with open-air decks. 

Travelers c an go either upriver, toward 
Hampton Court, or downriver, in the di- 
rection of Tower Bridge and, farther 
along, Greenwich and the Thames Flood 
Barrier, theccaxtrol structure across the 
river to capture flood surges. 
v The simplest way to see the river is to 
jump oa one of the anise boats that run 
regularly between Westminster and the 
dock at the Tower of London. The trip 
takes 20 to 30 minutes, depending cn the 
tides, and along the way passes beneath 
six bridges. 


During ihe summer months, the boat 
pilots usually keep up a chatty travelogue, 
combining commentary on riverside rites 
with obviously scripted jokes and social 
observations (“The hotel you see on the 
right is one of the most expensive in Lon- 
don, catering to three classes of people; 
the rich, the very rich and the filthy rich''). 

At the end of the cruise, don’t be sur- 
prised if the captain passes a hat, but tips 
for the guide are voluntary. 

The journey carries the traveler past the 
gentle curve of Victoria Embankment and 
Cleopatra’s Needle, the pharaonic obelisk 
brought from Egypt in the 19th century, 
the modem glass and steel pile of the 
South Bank Center, London’s largest cul- 
tural complex; the glorious wedding cake 
steeple of St. Bride’s Church and dome of 
St_ Paul's, and the Belfast, a World War II 
cruiser moored on the river as a kind of 
floating museum, across from the Tower. 

Among other things, approaching the 
Tower of London from riverside offers the 
day-tripper the eerie sense of what it must 
have been like for Anne Boleyn and the 
Earl of Essex. Condemned to 4«ith they 
arrived, like all prisoners, by river, enter- 
ing the fortress through Traitors’ Gate, 
clearly viable only at low tide. 

A longer voyage downriver to Green- 
wich takes about 40 to 50 minutes, and 
passes, along the way, the zero-degree me- 
ridian, separating the hemispheres. 

The trip upriver to Hampton Court, the 
fanner royal palace, takes about three to 
four hours. Along the way, the boat slides 
under the Victorian fantasy of the Chelsea 
Bridge and traces the course, from Putney 
Bridge to Monlake, of the annual spring 
race between the Oxford and Cambridge 
crews. Past Kew, the river opens up into 
lush countiyside, passing cottages and 
gracious homes. 

For those who just want to spend some 
time on the water, there are regular sight- 
seeing boats that run from Westminster 
and Charing Cross Piers, some of which 
offer dining — luncheon, tea or dinner. 
There is an addition to this year's Beet: a 
four-hour nighttime cruise, with an after- 
dinner show by an Elvis impersonator. 


Keeping Up With Your Mileage 


By Roger CoHis 

tnternoiiOHat Herald Tribune 


T<T- 

JVs 


F.F.PING track of frequent-flier 
programs, mileage thresholds, 


partner tie-ins, bonus offers 
y — and expiry dates is the most 
■ daunting management task for business 
travelers. Which airline you fly, where you 
stay, how you pay, which phone caxd ybti 
use. and which rental car you drive are the 
land of decisions that you can only prop- 
erly delegate to yourself. 

Even a straightforward trip from, say, 
Tokyo to London can require some fancy 
footwork. Do you fly nonstop with Japan 
Air Lines, thus earning the last 6,000 
miles you need for a free first-class 
round-trip ticket? Or SAS via Copenha- 
gen to top up your miles for a free busi- 
ness-class flight to New York? Or Viran 
to earn a 30 , 000 -m 2 e bonus for your fust 
flight in business class, which can buy 
you two round-trips from London to Par- 
is with British Midland? Flying British 
Airways, plus five nights at the Hilton 
(charged to Amex), wiH earn you enough 
miles to qualify for a Silver Executive 
Club card, which confers lounge privi- 
leges at major airports and a raft of other 
benefits. And so it goes. 

Glasnost it is not. And with airlines 
shaving services and benefits and avail- 
ability of awards, changing partners mid 
routes, and accumulated miles 
expiring faster than stock options (don’t, 
count on a milli on miles in the bank for a 
peripatetic pension plan), even tb e mo st 
dedicated mileage junkies are finding it 
hard to stay ahead of the game. 

Since American Airlines introduced 
AAd vantage as a short-term promotion 
back in 1982, frequent-flier programs 
have taken off in a big way. The world s 
. airlines collectively operate about 80 such 
m: programs, which, with cross-partnerships, 
add up ronxire pcriiiniationsthan posa- 
ble moves in a game of chess. Since Euro- 
pean and Asian carriers got into the act m 
the last two years, thereare probably more 
than 100 million members of the pro- 
grams, many of whom belong to several 

Pr ThiHsgood news for travelera, wboesm 
obtain luggage, cameras or golf dubs as 
well as upgrades and free tickets. The an-. 


lines, however, tee a growing problem. 
Pundits reckon that only 28 percent of 
accrued has bon used, which 

t ranslates to more than 36 billion unre- 
deemed miles floating around the system. It 
has been estimated that if all outstanding 
mSes were to be redeemed in the United 
States on a single day, 570,000 747s would 
be needed to meet the demand. 

Airlines protect themselves against such 
an apocalyptic eventuality by typically 
imposing a mar t on redemptions and re- 
serving the right to modify or caned pro- 
grams at short notice. M&eage credit ex- 
pires after two years with Lufthansa's 

fie Frefutt fnrehr 

Mfles & More, Sabena's Frequent Flyer, 
SAS”s EuroBonus, Qantas’s Frequent Fly- 
er, Swissair’s Qualiflyer and JAL’s Mile- 
age Bank; after three years with American 
AAdvantage, Alaska’s Mileage Flan, Un- 
ited’s Mileage Plus and Northwest's 
WorklPerks; after five years with BA’s 
Executive Qub. 

There’s no li mit s o far with Continen- 
tal's OnePass, TWA’s Frequent Flyer, 
Ffcmair Plus, Korean’s FTBS and USAir’s 
Frequent Traveler. But expiring idles 
seems to be where the programs are head- 
ing. Delta's new Skymfles (effective May 
1, 1995) wiH expire miles three years after 
your last Delta flight 

If you don’t travel much, mileage can 
expire before you gather enough mfles for 
one free, trip; whereas if you travel a lot 
you may btmd up more mues than you can 
use. The answer may be to spend it oa 
upgrades and other perks, such as free 
nights at hotels and on merchandise. 

Since membership is free, it makes 
sense to join the frequent-flier plan of any 
airline you fly. Even if you never earn 
enough credit for a free flight, you may 
benefit from membcreonly promotions 
and special offers on hotels and car rent- 
als. But try to concentrate on one dr two 
programs, especially on frequently trav- 
eled routes so as not to dilute your mile- 
age credits. Look for tie-ins with other 
amines on. which you can earn and redeem 
mileage credits. 

If you fly short trips (around 300 miles) 


in the United States, Alaska, America 
West, Delta, Northwest, TWA and USAir 
let you earn free domestic trips faster than 
most other camera. Wi thin Europe you 
may find the best awards with smaller 
camera. Alitalia's Club Ulisse awards one 
free business-class or two free economy 
tickets from Britain to any Italian destina- 
tion for every five paid round-trip busi- 
ness-class trips. With BA Executive Qub 
you would need to make 1 1 round-trips in 
business class to earn just one free ticket 
to Italy. British Midland awards you two 
round-trip tickets from London to Paris 
for only 12 round-trip flights in business 
class. 

Geography may dictate which program 
you join. If you live in Minneapolis, you’ll 
probably want to join the Northwest pro- 
gam; USAir if you live in Pittsburgh. 
Travelers based in London should certain- 
ly join BA Executive Qub (partners; Alas- 
ka, USAir, Qantas, Cathay, Malaysia and 
Singapore Airlines). Scandinavians would 
almost certainly join SAS EuroBonus 
(partners: Austrian, British Midland, 
Swissair, Virgin). If you're based in Ger- 
many you’re going to fly a lot on Luft- 
hansa and so should join its Miles & More 
program, bat you should also join Unit- 
ed's Mileage Pius, whit* offers more gen- 
erous credits when you fly Ijifthansa. 

P EOPLE based in Hong Kong win 
want to join Cathay’s Passages 
(partners: Malaysia, Singapore 
Airlines, BA. Swissair and Austra- 
lian Airlines). Passengers using Schipbol 
should Canada KLMs Flying Dutchman 
pro gram, which has reciprocity with North- 
west and Air UK. 

Consider too what you want out of a 
frequent-flier plan. If your goal is to take 
the family on vacation or send children 
away to school, you want a program that 
allows you to transfer credits. 

Several airlines give special perks and 
privileges to travelers who rack up enough 
miles ayear to reach “very frequent flier” 
status. Typically, you need to have 30,000 
mfles to reach the first VFF level. The 
most important benefits are use of an 
executive lounge, prefared access to up- 
grades, relaxation of blackout dates and 
seat limitations on award trips, and priori- 
ty wait-listing. 



ACROSS 

i 'Alas' 

s ‘Chariots oMhe 
Gods* author 

Erich Von 

13 John Denver's 

Song 

is Iridescent 
ic Jordan Rwer s 
outlet 

t# Extirpate* 
wYodeler’s pe«h 

ao Apt io tell apwt 

33 Astuteness 


question 

sc Twinkle-toed 

28 Size up 

37 Abraham’s wife 
in Genesis 

29 Ship's Heading 

30 Husky -voiced 
singer from 
Vienna 

31 Post-kickod 
game status 

34 Rudolph 
Valentino. e.g. 

sc Kind of surt 

a» Israefs Arens 


Solution to Pnadeof July 1 



41 'My mamma 
done me" 

atweHesofthe 

Mercury 
Theater 
44 Play money? 

4 SFv* fighter. 

47 God of 
destruction - 

48 Reagan . . 

program: Abbr. 

49 1966 mus ical 
featuring 
30-Across 
51 Cafif. neighbor 

sa Food 
preservative 

M Get cozy 
m Medea marker? 
*7 House Speaker. 

1977-86 

MSomecer 

deats 

n Singer James 
and others 

DOWN 

1 Former 
Af-Oubbah 
Palace 
residents 

aissllces. 

maybe 

avisoredhet 

style 


4 Go to bat for 
•Family tree 
abbr. 

e Traitorous ones 

7 Beaties record 
label - 

• : aone 

91969 Note! 

Peace Prize 
wtimer Abbr. 
w Of a Rams 
people 

11 Something or 
someone 
r* Upton 
competitor 
M Word repealed . 
in a Doris Day 
song 

trSteo/cmeof 

Hercules’s 

labors 

21 F. Scott 
Fitzgerald's 
birthplace 
24 Ocotogist'fl oase 
as Impressionist . 
collection 

as Carpet fiber 
ao Resulted in 
» Argentine aunt 
*a Mannerism 
35 Blowing one's 
cool 


4e Scuttle load 


37 "Billy Sudd,' 40 Smarts 

ag. 43 Adam and Eve 

3B Chess or bridge laekedtftem 

ranking « Give up 

as Sir Frederick 4« Where exes are 

Ashton ballet made M Pick up 


so Adjust 
ss Brother 




jr-xs 


■ MWW 1 III 
35 W 


|E= 




a m w - M fti 

~5?==.= 


TT 


S = = - 



m 


© New York Times Edited by Will Shore. 


if 1 SUHFi MM mm BUM 



Carrier/Hotel 

Location 

Deal 

AMERICAN AIRLINES 

London to New York 

Business- and first-class fares cut by more than 35 percent for 
same day round-trips. Business class £1,300 (52,000), compared 
with the norma) £2,122; first class £2,500, compared with £3,870 
Six flints each way allow a full day in Manhattan. Until Sept. 30. 

ANSETT AIRLINES 

Australia 

Air pass that can be used on routing to 21 points within Australia 
costs 320 Australian dollars (S235) for two coupons that must be 
purchased before arrival; an adcttional six coupons can be bought 
in Australia. Until March 1995. 

AUSTRIAN AIRLINES 

LondonArierma 

Business-class APEX fate (seven-day advance purchase but no 
Saturday night) of £393 ($605) saves about £70 on the round-trip. 

CATHAY PACIFIC 

Hong Kong/UX. 

Upgrade from business to first for Manx) Polo Club damond- and 
gold-card members on flights between Manchester/Heathrow and 
Hong Kong. Until Sept 30. 

CONTINENTAL 

United States to Europe 

Unrestricted economy fares cut by up to 67 percent from 28 U.S. 
cities to Frankfurt, London, Madrid, Munich and Paris to levels just 
above the cheapest excursion fares. 

FINNAIR 

Britan to Finland 

Round-trip business-class and Eurobudget travelers can claim a 
free night at the two Inter-Continental hotels in Helsinki. 

HILTON 

Tokyo 

"Japan Stopover” rate of 20,400 yen ($205), excluding service and 
tax, includes breakfast and use of fitness center. Until Dec. 31 . 

HOLIDAY INN 

Abu Dhabi 

“Day Use" package for 125 dirhams ($35) includes room from 11 
A.M. until 6 P.M. and a lunch at the Western Steak House, the 
Harvesters Pub; or three-course Italian meal at La Piazza. 

KOWLOON HOTEL 

Hong Kong 

Two-night Executive Package at 2,400 Hong Kong dollars ($310) 
for a single and 2,700 dollars for a double in a “superior room " 
includes tax and service, American buffet breakfasts, airport trans- 
fers and late check-out until 6 P.M. Extra nights at daily rate of 
1 .500 dollars. Until Dec. 31 . 

MARRIOTT 

United States 

Free Hertz compact car with unlimited mileage when you stay at 
Marriott properties in Florida. Georgia, California, Louisiana, Texas. 
For guests at 86 Marriott hotels. 

NOVOTEL LOTUS 

Bangkok 

More than 50 percent off published room rate plus 20 percent dis- 
count on laundry. “Superior” rooms for 1 ,900 baht ($75) — compa- 
red with normal rate of 4,100 baht You must book direct with hotel. 
Until Dec. 31. 

MANDARIN ORIENTAL 

Asa 

"Deluxe” accommodation at reduced rales at Asian properties. For 
example, nightly rates at Oriental Bangkok start at $278 for mini- 
mum stay of three nights, and at $140 at the Oriental Jakarta. Until 
Aug. 31. 

OMNI SAIGON 

Vietnam 

Sunday night package indudes "deluxe" room, airport transfers 
and buffet breakfast for $130. A three-night weekend package — 
Friday to Sunday — costs $355. Until Aug. 31 . 

SAS 

Tokyo to Copenhagen 
or Stockholm 

A round-trip business-class ticket allows one tree night and 
breakfast at an SAS hotel in Copenhagen or Stockholm, taxi trans- 
fers, plus entrance to the Tivoli or the Vasa Museum. Until Sept 30. 


Aitiough thn IHT caretuty ctvcks these c*f*rs, ptease be kxmvsmod ihm sons frav«f agenc may be imware <* item. or fc bcx& tfwm 


/// 1 1 r i tnii 


AUSTRIA 


Vienna 

Osterreichische Gaterie tel: (222) 
79-80700, ckaed Mondays. To Sept 
4: *' Der Meister von Grosstobmrng: 
Bn BikJhauer der Zeit urn 1400." 
Together with 5 works from the un- 
identified sdJptor known as the Mas- 
ter of Grosstobming. about 40 church 
sculptures exemplify the 15th-centu- 
ry principle of representing a slender 
figure surrounded by billowing drap- 
ery. 


BELGIUM 


Bruges 

Festival Musica Antique, tel: (50) 
44.86.86. July 29 to Aug. 13: in dif- 
ferent venues, organ and sacred mu- 
sic concerts with works by Purcell. 
Handel and Roland de Lassus. 


Eye of Eros: Kandnsfcy, Wee, Art, 
Miro and CakJer.” Documents how 
these live masters of modem art were 
connected personally and by com- 
mon traits In their work, with 500 
paintings, drawings, sculptures, re- 
liefs and mobiles. The exhibition is 
organized lo reflect the Bergson con- 
cept of ilan vital, i.e. life unfolding 
as a unified but ramifying path. 
Speyer 

Hist ori series Museum der Pfalz. tel: 
(6232) 620-222. closed Mondays. 
To Aug. 14:"Der Zarenschatz der 
Romanov: MeisterwerkB aus der Ere- 
mitage SL Petersburg." 240 objets 
d'art from the Treasure of the Roma- 
novs in the Hermitage in St Peters- 
burg bring to We 300 years of Rus- 
sian history. The exhibition includes 
portraits of the czars and their fam- 
ilies, tableware and jewelry as weir as 
liturgical objects. 


RUSSIA 


Moscow 

Pushkin State Museum ot Fine 
Arts, tel: 203-69-74. To Sept. 9: "Art 
Collections of the Archangelskoye 
Museum." Paintings, furniture, 
books and porcelain selected from 
the 40.000 items usually exhibited at 
the Archangel Museum, formerly the 
estate of the Vussupov family. 


SWITZERLAND 


Zurich 

Kunsthaus, tel: 251-67-55, open dai- 
ly. To July 17: "Ein Blick aid Amor 
und Psyche urn 1800." The Greek 
myth ot Psyche and Eros in painting, 
with works by the Swiss Rococo 
painter Angela Kautfmann, French 
painter Edouard Pleat, as well as Da- 
vid, Fassli and Meynier. 


UNITED STATES 


Coope ra town, New York 
Glimmerglass Opera 1994 Festival 
Season, tel: (607) 547-2255. July 7 
lo Aug. 22: Performances ot Gilbert 
and Sullivan’s "lolanthe." Montever- 
di's “L'lncoronaztone di Poppea," 
Strauss's "Ariadne auf Naxos" end 
Rossini’s "U Barttere di Sviglia." 

New York 

Avery .Fisher Hall, tel: (212) 875- 
5030. To Aug. 20: The Mostly Mozart 
Festival is highlighted with perfor- 
mances by ttzhak Perlman, Jean 
Pierre Rarripal and Martha Argerich. 
The program win include Mozart's 
reworking of Handel's "Ode to SL 
Cecilia" as well as works by Britten, 
Vlotti and Charles Avtson. 


BRITAIN 


London 

National Gallery, tel: (71) 839- 
3526, open daUy. Continuing/To 
Sept 4: Caspar David Friedrich to 
Fertfinand HocSer: A Romantic Trac- 
tion." 100 paintings and 40 drawings 
from a private collection ol German, 
Swiss mid Austrian art 
Royal Academy of Arts, tel: (71) 
494-56-15, open daily. To Oct. 2: 
"impressionism to Symbolism: The 
Belgian Avant-Garde 1880-1900." 
60 paintings, sculptures and reliefs 
Bkjstrate the artistic revolution which 
took place rn Belgium between 1860 
and the turn of the century. The 
exhtottfon features works by Ensor, 
van de Velde and van Rysseberghe. 




Kuhmo 

Kuhmo Chamber Music Festival, 
teL- (0) 664-466. July 17 to 31: In 
several venues, performances of 
chamber music compositions by 
Beethoven. Sibelius and contempo- 
rary Finnish musicians. 




Metz 

Arsenal, tel: 44-73-25-00, open dal- 
ly. To 0ct2: "L'Or des Dieux, L'Or 
des Andes." From the collection ol 
Peruvian banker GuHtermo Wiese. 

140 pieces ot pre-Columbian jewelry 
from Peru. Ecuador and Colombia 

Parts 

Grand Palais, tel: 44-i3-t7-i7, 
closed Tuesdays. Continuing/To 
Aug. 2B: "Impresaormsme: Les Ori- 
glnes, 1859-1869." Focuses on the 
influences that led young painters 
such as Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Ma- 
net and Degas to Impressionism. 
Opera de la Bastille, tet 43-43-96- 
96. Bizet's "Carmen." Directed by 
Jose- Luis Gomez, conducted by 
Serge Baudo/Jonathan Darlington, 
with Maria Senn/Kathryn Harries/ 
Denyce Graves /Beatrice Uria-Mon- 
zon and Neil Sftcotl/ Vinson Cole/ 
Sergu^ Larin. July 11, 12,14. 16. 18. 
19,20, 21, 22 and 23. 

GERMANY 

Kronach 

Castle Rosenberg, tel: (92611 
97236, open daily. To Aug. 21 : “Cra- 
nach: Bn Mater-Umemehmer aus 
Franken." Paintings, drawings and 
engravings by Lucas Cranach and 
the members ot his stufio. 

Munich 

Haus tier Kunst, tel: (89) 211-27- 
127. To Aug. 14: "Elan Vltai or the 



ISRAEL 

Jerusalem 

The Israel Museum, tel: (2) 708- 
811. open daily. To Sepl 12: "Sinai: 
A Farewell tor Peace." A display of 
artifacts from excavations of the Sinai 
peninsula. Includes nawamis, the 
round stone structures that served as 
family tombs, painted vessels and fu- 
nerary masks. These finds will be 
handed to the Egyptian Organization 
of Antiquities under the terms of the 
1 979 Peace Treaty. 


ITALY 


Turin 

Teatro Regto, tel: (11) 8815-365. 
To July 24: The Festival intemaziorv 
aJe dl Baflefro offers performances by 
various ballet companies with chore- 
graphies by WWiam Forsythe (July 
12. 13) and Philippe Decoufle (July 
20 , 21 ). 


JAPAN 


Cttiba 

Nippon Convention Center, tel: 

(43) 269-00-01 . To Aug. 31: “The 
arnthsonlan's America.'' Documents 
American history aid culture tram 
the influence of the frontier to Ameri- 
can contributions in science and 

technology. Exhibits include an Apol- 
lo 15 spacesuit. Judy Garland's dip- 
pers in "The Wizard ol Oz” and 
George Washington’s mess krt. 


balance at the New ocani 

rravdJers' demands s never cMd's pfay. 
a' business cratvrikt, ywi'd warn easy access Bo the 
* . j v :«Moeerria] dstnci. an rinckm business centre and &dy-equSpped 
*■". . meeting rooms for a sax 

y.. ••• '-^ttieodwrhand.asaieiaseu 3 wder.ytxi’dt>easldag about the 
. swbnmtag pool the Alness aner. stopping and rourist haunts ... 
COme d Hart New Ouni and weU.raeet aS these tfcnands and more. 
Just so you won’t be thrown off-balance. 


LUXEMBOURG 


Chateau de Cfervaux, tel: 52-24-24. 
closed Mondays. "The Family of 
Man." A permanent exhibition of 
more than 500 black-and-white 
works by photographers tram 68 
countries. The photographs were se- 
lected among the 2 minion items held 
at the Museum of Modern Art in New 
York and donated to Ns native coun- 
try by Edward J. Steichen, the former 
curator of the Photography Depart- 
ment of the MOMA. 


PORTUGAL 


Lisbon 

Museu National de Arte Antiga. tel: 
396-4151, dosed Mondays. To Aug. 
31 : "The Temptations ot Boech or fte 
Eternal Recurrence." Focusing on 
Hieronymus Bosch’s triptych “The 
Temptation of St. Anthony," the exhi- 
bition features works by ArcfmboJdo. 
Darer. Moreau and Dan. In which the 
artists explore the thematic variations 
and the symbols of their time. 




The conference, 
Europe's leading energy forum, 
will be addressed by oil industry 
experts from the world over. 



OIL 6 *. MONEY 

London ■ October 17 & 18 

The Oil Daily Group Hc ralb ^feiEribunc 


For^iirt/ier information 
4tn the conference, please contact: k 

Brenda. Hagerty . . • , , ; 
Internationa] Herald Tribune 
63 Long-Acre, London WC2E 9JH, Fnglftnd 
. Tel: (44 71) 836 4802 
Fax: (44 71) 836 0717 - - 



























































































.-±r— ' i;.~ ~ — . y. i_ 


1 



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International Herald Tribune , Friday, July 8, 1994 


Page 11 





THETRIB INDEX: 112. 

imemattonal Hbibm t nh> mo ^ a 


LortTS! 0 ^ HeraW Tribune World Stock Index © comoosad of 
120 — — — 



• r M 

1983 

A 

• M J 

J 

1994 

■ Asia/Pacific 


Europe 

mm 

Appra weJgMngr32% 

Close: 13EL37PI8V- 13Z3S 
150 

mm 

llSfll 

Apprat wofghfhg: 37* 
Close: 11147 Piw_ liOJB 

B 



1993 

1994 

1983 

1994 

H North America 


Latin America 


Approx wcigh8ng:2B\ 
Oosa: 91-57 Prev- 90.86 
iso 

19 

Approx. wagWng:S% 
Cteej^17j47 Pravj 11148 

B 



The Max Backs US. t taSar values ot stocks *v Tokyo, Now York, London, and 
ArgsnHra, Australia, Austria. Balaam, Bad, Canada. ChAa. Danmark, Ftntend. 
ftanca, Gannany, Koog Kong, Maly, Horfco, Nottwrfarwte, Now Tsafnif. Norway, 
Singapore, Strain, St raiten. Swltiariand nd Vanaramla. For Tokyo, Now York and 
London, the Index Is vcm p osad of the 20 top Issues In terns of markat capHakzatipn. 
otnnvlsa the tan top stocks m tracked. 


1 Industrial Sectors S 


The. fm. % 


Uhl 

tat 

* 


data doaa dang* 


don 

don 

dmp 

Energy 

109.11 1QB.15 +0.89 

Captaf Goods 

11159 

112.18 

+0.37 

UBSes 

119.76 11833 +0.70 

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12371 

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+033 

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121L63 

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‘or German Aerospace 


BONN — Germany an- 
ucmiced stale research subsi- 
dies fonts troubled aerospace 
industry on Thursday to help 
German companies fight what 
Bonn regards as unfair com- 
petition from the United 
Shoes. 

Hie move appeared likely 
to fuel the current trans-At- 
lantic dispute about state aid 
in the industry. 

Remh&rd Goehner, Eco- 
nomics Ministry state secre- 
tary, said the research and 
technology program would 
have funding of 1.2 billion 
Deutsche marks (5760 mil- 
lion), financed equally by the 
government and industry. 

It would focus on energy- 
saving, pollution reduction 
and noise reduction in four 
sectors: large aircraft, en- 
gines, hehooptcTS and aircraft 
equipment. 

“The new program is in- 
tended to enable us to catch 
up. through indirect support, 
in international competition, 
especially against the United 
States and Japan, without 
starting a new subsidy race,” 

The government's contribu- 
tion will be 600 mflfioh DM, 
payable over four years from 
1995. 

The aid, centering on the 
development of demur and 
more energy-efficient aircraft 


Daimler Reviews Payout 

Bloomberg Bumas News 

FRANKFURT — A top executive with Daimler-Benz AG, 
Germany's lareest company, said Thursday that it would 
revise its dividend policy next year and may start paying 
larger dividends to attract more foreign investors. 

The chitf financial officer, Gerhard Liener, said the deci- 
sion to tie the size of the dividend to earnings could result in 
bitter payments in good years or none at all in bad years. 

Hie company also announced that it had raised 2.56 billion 
marks ($1.62 button) from new Daimler-Benz shares. 

“You will start seeing our dividends tied more closely to 
our results,” Mr. Liener said. “We must do this in order to 
meet our strategy of increasing international shareholders.” 

The sale of almost 4.7 million new shares, which ended 
Tuesday, had met with “extraordinary success,” he said. 
Buying in U.S. markets increased the American stake in 
D aiml er to about 8 percent, he added. 

Major shareholders in Daimler-Benz include Deutsche 
Bank, which owns 24.4 percent, and the Emirate of Kuwait, 
which holds 14 percent. Both maintained their shares by fully 
subscribing to their tights in the new issue. 


and engines and new on- 
board systems and equip- 
ment, is designed to ™akB up 
for what Germany contends 
are unfair advantages held by 
the U.S. aerospace industry. 

Germany and other Euro- 
pean countries charge that 
Washington pumps indirect 
subsidies into its industry 
through the research and de- 
velopment budgets of the Pen- 


tagon and the National Aero- 
nautics and Space Ad- 
ministration. 

The aerospace and aircraft 
industry generally has been 
hit by a recession-linked 
slump in aircraft sales and 
shrinking defense contracts 
since the end of the Cold War. 

Deutsche Aerospace, the 
largest German company in 
the sector, said the new pro- 


was a step in the right 
ion but said the aid did 
not go far enough. 

“The naked figures speak 
for themselves — millions in 
Germany, billions in the Unit- 
ed States,” DASA spokesman 
Christian Poppe said 
Mr. Goehner said the pro- 
gram represented a switch 
away from traditional direct 
subsidies to indirect support. 

“It is essentially a question 
of creating the framework in 
which the German and Euro- 
pean aerospace industry can 
maintain the international po- 
sition they have obtained, not 
least with state assistance,” he 
said. 

U.S. and European Union 
officials are reviewing a 1992 
agreement on direct and indi- 
rect aid provided for the de- 
velopment of large passenger 
jets. (Reuters, Bloomberg) 

■ Calling for Competition 
Germany’s Monopoly 
Commission took a general 
swipe at restrictive practices 
throughout Germany's econo- 
my on Thursday and said lack 
of competition was hamper- 
ing economic growth, Reuters 
reported From Bonn. 

in its 1992-93 report to the 
government, the independent 
advisory body criticized the 
telecommunications and ener- 
gy sectors and challenged 
Germany’s centralized system 
at wage bargaining. 


Berlusconi Hails 
Weak Dollar on 
Eve of G-7 Talks 


Japan’s 2.8% Joblessness: Don’t Believe It 


By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 

NAPLES — The weak dollar 
is good for the United SLates 
and for Italy, and any interven- 
tion by central banks to prop it 
up would be useless. Prune 
Minister Silvio Berlusconi of It- 
aly said Thursday, on the eve of 
the Group of Seven summit that 
he is hosting. 

Mr. Berlusconi said attempts 
at coordinated intervention in 
the foreign exchange markets 
were “behind us.” 

The Italian prime minister’s 
candid statement at a news con- 
ference came as officials from 
Group of Seven countries 
sought to vanquish any expec- 
tations of a coordinated dollar 
support package. 

“I am not worried about the 
weakness of the dollar person- 
ally because I see advantages 
for the U.S. economy.” Mr. 
Berlusconi said. “I don’t see 
any need for major initiatives 
every time the dollar is weak,” 
he added. 

Antonio Martino, Italy's for- 
eign minister, said the dollar’s 
weakness depended “more on 
traders outside the United 
States in the market than on 
events in the United States.” He 
noted that the Italian govern- 
ment found the weak dollar 


“good for us” because it low- 
ered the cost of raw material 
imports that are priced in the 
U.S. currency. 

Mr. Berlusconi also disclosed 
that “President Bill Clinton has 
written a letter to me in which 
he is proposing that interna- 
tional institutions provide SS 
billion of economic aid for 
Ukraine.*' The International 
Herald Tribune reported Satur- 
day that President Clinton 
would be asking his G-7 part- 
ners to support the 55 billion 
aid package, drawing on funds 
from the World Bank and the 
International Monetary Fund. 

The 55 billion aid proposal ■ 
was separate from a financial 
package to support the closure 
of the Chernobyl nuclear plant 
and help rebuild Ukraine’s en- 
ergy sector, Mr. Berlusconi 
said. 

As chairman of the G-7 sum- 
mit, Mr. Berlusconi said he 
would also propose an Italian 
initiative to create a special mil- 
itary task force that could be 
used to intervene in trouble 
spots around the world. 

(The European Commission 
does not expect any reference to 
the current weakness of the dol- 
lar to be included in the final 
communique of the s ummi t, a 

See DOLLAR, Page 12 


Cl MomMioral HBcafcnWbw* 


The Associated Press 

TOKYO — fit an illustration af Japan’s 
hidden lmemplqyment problems, the de- 
partment store Ginza Kanematsu has re- 
ceived more than 20,000 requests for inter- 
views for 30job openings it expects to have 
next ApriL 

The job-seekers responded to an ad in 
an employment guide distributed at uni- 
versity campuses this week, and most were 
students expecting to graduate at the be- 
ginning of next year’s hiring season, a 
Kanematsu official said Thursday. 

“Hus is definitely a sign that news of 
economic recovery has yet to affect the job 
market, where companies have padded 


their payrolls for decades,” said Kyohei 
Morita, an economist at Nomura Research 
Institute. 

In the past, larger Japanese companies 
have tacitly guaranteed lifetime employ- 
ment in exchange for undying company 
loyalty. But, Mr. Morita said, that tradi- 
tion lias proved too expensive to maintain 
through the prolonged recession from 
which Japan is beginning to emerge. 

After three years of unprecedented prof- 
it declines, Japanese companies are cutting 
recruitment drastically and forcing many 
employees in their nnd-50s into “volun- 
tary” retirements. 


In February, Japan’s unemployment 
rate hit Z9 percent, its highest level in six 
years. Since then, it has hovered at 2.8 
percent. When the economy was booming 
in the late 1980s, it stood at 2J percent. 

These numbers would excite envy in 
virtually every Western nation. But in Ja- 

K anyone who worked more than one 
in the last week of a given month is 
considered fully employed for that month. 
All members of the armed forces also are 
counted among the employed. 

Economists say that if U.S. counting 
methods were used, Japan’s unemploy- 
ment rate would be as high as 8 percent. 


Schneider in From Cold? 

The Associated Press 

BERLIN — Jurgen Schneider, the fugitive property dealer 
who vanished three months ago and left behind debts of 3.1 
billion Deutsche marks ($2 billion), has made contact with 
German authorities through a Swiss law firm, the German 
television network ZDF reported Thursday. 

It was the first reported official contact with Mr. Schneider 
since he unleashed a major financial scandaL 

The network said it had learned that a Geneva law firm 
gave prosecutors power of attorney for Mr. Schneider, but it 
was not known what be intended. His whereabouts have been 
a mystery since April 4 when he wrote one of his bankers that 
doctors had advised him to go away. 


WALL STREET WATCH 


Insiders Send a Clear Message: 'Buy’ 


By Floyd Norris 

Hew York 71 am Service . 

N EW YORK — The dollar is 
down, and interest rates are 
up. There is talk of a new bear 
mark et. In that atmosphere, 
who would want to buy stocks? 
Corporate insiders, that’s who. 
Buying by insiders — officers and di- 
rectors of companies — is by some mea- 
sures running at its most intense since 
early 1991, when the stock market was 
taking off in the bull market that began 
with the Gulf War. 

“Insiders started picking up when the 
market bottomed,” said David Coleman, 
the editra- of Vkkeris Weekly Insider 
Report, a Washington newsletter that 
tracks insider buying and selling. “In 
1987 and 1990, they did the same thing." 

Last week; Vkkex'sYecorded more pur- 
cHases than sales among insiders whose 
stocks are listed on the New York or 
American stock exchanges, by a margin of 
five buys for each three sdls. For the last 
eight weeks, the average such figure is 
almost even: 1.07 sells for every bpy. 

That may not sound all that bullish, 
but it is. Insiders have lots of ways to get 
their hands on stock before they resort to 
buying it on the open market. Many have 
shares from before the company went 
public. Even more get options to buy 
stock. Such options are often exercised at 
the same time the stock is sold, leaving 
the insider with no market risk. 

As a result, there are almost always 
more open-market sales of stock by in- 
siders than there are similar purchases. 


And while insider selling is often a warn- - 
ing at bad news, insider buying is viewed 
as an even better indicator of a stock’s 
being worth consideration. 

After all, as many a corporate officer 
has explained, there arc lots of reasons 
for an insider to sell besides bearishness. 
The insider wants to diversify invest- 
ments, or pay for a new house, or college 


A level of baying as high 
as the current one has 
often served as an 
indicator for the entire 
market 


tuition. But there is no obvious reason to 
buy, except hope that the price will rise. 

A levd of buying as high as the current 
one has often served as an indicator for 
the entire market. Vicker’s regards as 
bullish a ratio under 132 sales for each 
open-market buy. 

Insiders are required to report their 
transactions to the Securities and Ex- 
change Commission by the 10th day of 
the fcDowing month. Thus, all June 
trades are to be reported by Monday. 
Many such reports stBl come in late, but 
stiffer rules — including a requirement 
that companies report to shareholders 
why officers and directors were late in 
fTliijg — have improved the promptness 
rfming. 


As a result, the ratios now being re- 
ported include activity in May as well as 
June and thus are somewhat behind in 
terms of actual activity. 

Vkker’s compares the number of sales 
by insiders with the number of open- 
market purchases, regardless of the size. 
And while Vkker’s reports weekly fig- 
ures — last week’s ratio erf 0.61 of a sell 
to each buy was the second lowest in the 
last three years — it focuses on an eight- 
week moving average to smooth out the 
data. 

“Since October 1974, when we began 
plotting this data, the market h** not 
failed to improve significantly when our 
eight- week sell-bay ratio fdl below 1.0 ” 
Mr. Coleman said. The ratio fell below 
that figure last month, although it edged 
back up at the end of the month. 

Among individual stocks, Mr. Cole- 
man said he had seen considerable inter- 
est in a number of gambling stocks. Casi- 
nos w ere darlings of Wall Street in 1993, 
and a lot of inriders chose to sell then. 
But the stocks have been driven down 
this year, and recently there has been 
interest shown by insiders in such com- 
panies as Boyd Gaming, Circus Circus, 
Casino Magic, Station Casinos, Grand 
Casinos and Sahara Gaming. 

Several real estate investment trusts 
have also seen insider interest, including 
Storage Equities, Partners Preferred 
Yield and Crescent Real Estate Equities. 

And International Business Machines 
Corp. has seen substantial insider buying 
at prices from $55 to $58 and a bit 
higper, Mr. Coleman noted. 


IBM Moves to Defend Mainframe Business in EU 


By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — International Business 
Machines Corp. said Thursday it would 
pull out of a consent agreement with Euro- 
pean authorities to provide technical infor- 
mation to its competitors, in an apparent 
bid to stem the decline of its mainframe 
business. 

The announcement, which came just 
four weeks after IBM applied for a release 
from a 1956 U.S. consent decree that has 
constrained its computer service business, 
marks an attempt by Big Blue to come to 
grips with the loss of industry dominance 
over the past decade. 

The company has suffered as networks 
of personal computers and workstations 
have eroded its highly profitable main- 
frame computer business, analysts said 

IBM moved to end monopoly proceed- 


ings against it in 1984 by agreeing with the 
European Commission to provide specifi- 
cations to competitors on product attach- 
ments, memory and software for its main- 
frames. 

IBM was allowed to terminate the agree- 
ment on one year's notice, which it provid- 
ed to the commission on Wednesday and 
announced publicly Thursday. 

A commission spokesman said it would 
be “premature” for the commission to take 
an immediate position on IBM’s decision. 

Hans Olaf-Henkd, the chairman of 
IBM Europe, said the industry today is 
dominated by client-server networks based 
on open, rather than proprietary, comput- 
ing systems. “The dynamics erf the industry 
have made most of the undertaking's terms 
obsolete,” be said. 

Jim Ruderman, an IBM spokesman in 
Paris, said the company has had only a few 


requests for information from Hitachi. 
Amdahl and Fujitsu in the last five years, 
and none from European companies. He 
said IBM did not expect any new action by 
the commission. 

A spokesman for the commission, the 
European Union’s executive agency, said 
officials had noted the announcement and 
would speak with other computer compa- 
nies and try to assess over the coming year 
whether IBM r emains too dominant m the 
mainframe market. 

IBM’s share of the European mainframe 
market has stayed steady at around 55 
percent but the market itself has dropped 
to an estimated 56 billion this year from 
$10.4 billion in 1989, said Martin Hingley 
of International Data Corp. in London. 
Europe’s overall computer market, includ- 
PCs and software, has surged to $120 
lion, he added. 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


Cross Rates 

s * 


Fruakfnrt 

IMMW 
MOW* 


- July 7 

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SUBS we S3B »»» 4J8J3 . LW ,.55*. LQ0 UDM* 

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Sources: Radars. Uortb Botlc 

AMaoMHaaMr to JMer&ant dmads ottl nffttn mUdmomicraoutvolmH. 

K*y Homy Rates 

United stater 

Oftewnfrate Vh 3 Yt ' burm 5tt 514 

mu* rate 7K 7 U mv Vk 5V4 

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110 5.W 

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uliSi iA 


Page 12 


MARKET DIARY 


EVTERJVATIOINAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8 , 1994 


Cyclical Issues Lead 
Wall Street Higher 


via AiiQCKsted tan 


Dow Jones Averages 


Open High Low Lag as. 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


Bloomberg Business News 

NEW YORK — US. stock 
prices rose Thursday, with 
shares of companies sensitive to 
the economy’s cycles posting 
the largest gains. 

Modest advances by Trea- 
sury bonds and unexpectedly 

UAStoda 

strong June sales reports by 
some retail chains helped stocks 
gain. 

The Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage rose 13.92 points to 
3,688.42, its fourth straight 
gain, as General Motors, Beth- 
lehem Steel, Boeing and Philip 
Morris shares all advanced. 

GM rose 2Vfc at 51%, Boeing 
rose Hi to 47%, and Bethlehem 
Steel rose 1% to 20%. 

Almost four stocks rose for 
every three that declined on the 
New York Stock Exchange, 
where volume grew to 258.50 
million shares from 235.65 mil- 
lion Wednesday. 

Second-Quarter profits at 
steel, aluminum and machinery 
c ompani es “will be greater than 
many people think," said Law- 
rence Rice, chief market strate- 
gist at Josephthal Lyon & Ross. 
Many of the nation’s biggest 


industrial companies “have 
been cutting overhead for 
years." 

Retailers’ stocks gained after 
major companies reported 
strong sales last month. Day- 
ton- Hudson said sales in stores 
open more than one year 
jumped 12.7 percent, and May 
Department Stores reported a 5 
percent gain. 

J.C. Penney Co.’s stock price 
fdl 2% at 48 1 fl in late trading, 
but Dayton-Hudson Corp. 
climbed 1% to 82, Wal-Mart 
gained % to 24%, Sears added W 
at 47%, Circuit City Stores Inc. 
advanced % to 20%. 

The slock rally outweighed 
concerns that Friday’s U.S. un- 
employment report for June 
could be so strong it helps 
prompt the Federal Reserve 
Board to raise interest rates for 
a fifth time this year. 

Investors are looking to 
June’s nonfarm employment 
statistics by the Labor depart- 
ment to gauge the strength of 
the U.S. economy and decide if 
the Fed will raise rates to Tight 
inflation, traders said. 

The benchmark 30-year 
Treasury bond was priced at 84 
6/32, with the yield at 7.61 per- 
cent, up from Wednesday. 


DaSvetosinos efthe"- ■«*« 3«i ja ni+us 3 * 68.99 - nw 

DowJories ffkftstnai average 5u ns 'wS 'faiii '?»;« ’lSra >us 

Comp 1282J8 128459 KOT.SB I2H527 +5.1? 


Standard A Poor’s Indent 


Hion Low cm* Oi’M 
Industrials 521-79 S1&J1 HT.5* + M5 

Tmnsp. 387 M MW 3* JWJ6 +014 

matin inn j an woj +05? 

Finance W6 4L61 *122 +tM7 

&P 500 44864 446.T3 44038 + 225 

SP in 415.14 411 n 41496 +134 



n5SJ» Sian oqoln aam 


NYSE Indexes 


Men low Lag ass. 

Campmtlo 247.68 54634 547.57 * 1.03 

Induwrtak 30086 38358 304.74 *U* 

Tfonsp. 544 DO 24251 24154 +D.6S 

Unhfv -TM.2S M2.M PB4XB *1,13 

finance 210.82 Z1027 31072 +024 


J F M A 
1994; 1 


NYSE Most Actives 


NASDAQ Indexi 


Composite 

Indusmab 

Bortu 

Insu ranee 

Rrwicn 

Tranw. 


10051 701 JM 
713.S 710.7S 
74552 76X59 
88926 879X7 
93X56 93IJ99 
689.49 601.9? 


70X51 +4J1 
71231 - 1,77 

76534 +OB6 
88X14 +1130 
93X34 - 1.77 
689.4? *?33 


PhOPet 

Comooqs 

GnMatr 

Pe&X 

AirFrt 

WdMart 

RJR Nob 

Glicoro 

lac a 

TciMex 

Mannas 


VoL HHpi 
37024 26ft 
35733 29ft 
77300 199i 
26685 5044 
26104 33 ft 
25964 K'x 
25752 51ft 
25699 30ft 
23843 31ft 
21506 24ft 
21500 6 
20992 40ft 
20042 9ft 
19762 56ft 
18630 44ft 


Low Lost 
24ft 25ft 
28ft 29ft 
18ft 19ft 
48ft 48ft 
30ft 31ft 
33ft 34ft 
47ft Sift 
30'.. 30ft 
38 ft 29V, 
74ft 54ft 
5ft 6 
40ft 40ft 
6ft 9 
56ft 56 ft 
43ft 44ft 


AMEX Stock Index 

HWi Low Lafl Oft. 
424.84 42X42 42X65 +1.10 

Pew Jones Bond A vera g e * 

Close CUfte 
20 Banda V7JB +440 

10 Utilities 9X61 + U8 

10 Industrials 101.04 +453 


NASDAQ Most Actives NYSE Diary 


DOLLAR: Weakness Welcomed 


C nnthm ed from Page 11 

commission official said Thurs- 
day, according to a Knight- Rid- 
der report from Brussels. 

[Briefing journalists in ad- 
vance of the summit, the official 
was asked whether the G-7 
s ummi t would take action to 

Foreign Exc han ge 

prop up the dollar. He replied 
that he did not expect any dec- 
laration on the dollar and noted 
that governors of central banks 
would not be attending the 
summit in Naples.] 

■ Dollar Edges Lower 
The dollar fell against the 
Deutsche mark and the yen on 
Thursday as traders speculated 
that leaden of the G-7 coun- 
tries will do little at their sum- 
mit to bolster the flagging U.S. 
currency, Bloomberg Business 
News reported from New York. 


rnwy mAw he 
in Great Britain 
(m« cop wgntg 

0 800 89 5905 


Many traders sold dollars af- 
ter Mr. Berlusconi said the 
world’s monetary authorities 
had little power to support the 
dollar. 

The dollar closed at 1.5716 
DM, down from a close at 
1.5778 DM on Wednesday, and 
slipped to 98.60 yen from 98.90 
yen. 

Mr. Berlusconi’s comments 
were the latest in a series by G-7 
leaders and senior government 
officials indicating that they 
were not willing to try to sup- i 
port it by buying dollars in the 
foreign exchange market Eco- 
nomics Minister Gunter Rex- 
rodt of Germany said Wednes- 
day that efforts to support the 
dollar were sure to fail. 

“The G-7 is sending signals 
that we shouldn’t expect any 
action from them in the curren- 
cy market,” said David De 
Rosa, director of foreign ex- 
change trading at Swiss Bank 
Corp. “Of course, they could be 
trying to fake us out." 

Against other currencies, the 
dollar slipped to 1.3235 Swiss 
francs on Thursday from 1.3274 
francs on Wednesday and to 
5.4035 French francs from 
i 5.4200 francs. The pound was 

S uoted at $1.5405, compared to 
1.5460 on Wednesday. 


Intvolce 

Mtcsflt 

Sraj^Bvs 

Intel 

3Com 

Gsa>X 

Oracles 

Slrtjoscs 

Motnonx 

Welflt* 

Cvma 

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l!S Whs 
SynOMic 
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Advanced 
Deoinaa 
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Total issues 
NawHkjhs 
NewLaws 


AMEX Diary 


AMEX Most Actives 


Advanced 
□Mined 
Unchanged 
Total Issues 
NMHWn 
New Laws 


WacBvd 

awvSRs 

RortriOa 

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GJtCdag 

Hasbro 


Vat Mali Low Last 
15953 31ft 30ft 30ft 
8223 B ft Bft Oft 

6071 4V„ 3iVu -3'Vu 
5747 5ft 5 5ft 
5077 TV,. 3ft 3"<i» 
4053 39ft 58ft 99ft 


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390 281 

384 312 

337 223 

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8 8 

21 29 


1678 1439 

1457 1617 

1929 2005 

5064 5061 

70 51 

147 I S3 


Metals 

Close pmMn 

BM Aik Bid Aik 
ALUMINUM (HHA Grade) 

Doflan per notnciod _ - 
Spot _ 148100 U MO T4B2J0 M8UB 

Forward isoaiio iso?.® U06J» issuo 
COPPER CATHODES |NM Grade) 
Pqflorrptr metric too . , 

5001 2377 JO 2mM) 3M&1» 244) JO 

Fanranl 2396JO 2397 JO 2477 JO 247100 

LEAD 

DalknperiMirlcna • 

Sod 559 JO 560J0 561 JO 562J9 

nuucel snM sr7M Snaa ® M0 ' 

Dollars oer metric Mn 
Spol 6060J0 602000 613SJB 614SJO 

Fjsrword OHIO 616000 623X80 634000 

Dollars par actrictM 
Spot 517500 518500 519800 520000 

Forward 515000 326075 522008 521000 

zinc (Smew hmi credo) 

Dotiart per metric son 

Seat , 949 JO 95SJ0 95X50 *5150 

: Fanranl 97300 97400 mun 977 jo . 


Rnandal 

HWl Low am Change 

Sep 9400 9436 9406 '-1103 

D8C 9170 7X62 9X63 —004 

Mar 9304 9X93 9205 —004 

Jun 9206 9237 9X38 - —003 

Sw> 71.96 91J0 91J3 UncS. 1 

Dec 9161 9150 . 91.52 —DUG, 

Mar 9133 9125 9129 +002 1 

Jan 9114 9104 71.10 +004 

Sen 9X91 MlB4 9006 +003 

Pte 9067 9062 9063 +004 I 

Mor 9068 9038 1064 +004 

Jan 9036 9027 90 l33 +0O4 1 

Est.valum-: S6J53. Open In).: 531.16Z I 
3+60 NTH EURODOLLARS IUFFE) 

SI MlDon.|Nae41Mact 
S» 94J4 9472 9425 +009 

Dec 9409 9404 ' 9406 +M® 

MOT 9X78 9X77 9X79 +009 

J«> N.T. N.T. 9X69 +O0P 

Sen , N.T. N.T. 9125 +009 

Est. volume: 311 Open Int.: 5JB0. 

UMONTK EUROMARKS IUFFE) 

DM1 mOSoa -ptsoMM pd 
Sen 95.15 95.13 . 95 IS UlKfl. 

CftC 9458 945Z 9495 -002 

MOT 9409 9463 9466 — 0X7 

Job 9437 9431 9431 —002 

to 9409 9402 9406 — 0JH 

Dec 91TB 9172 9377 —061 

Mar 9X59 9X51 9X56 — 061 

Jan 9X39 9135 9137 UnOU 

5j» 9115 9112 9X15 +002 

Dec 9252 9252 9251 -HUM 

Mar 927K 9ZJ3 9277 +00 1 

Jn 9263 9263 9263 UnA. 

E*L volume: 77.563. Open IrO.: 83X034. 
3-MONTH Pi BOR (MAT IF) 

FFS mUtaa - pts oflM nd 
to 9429 9416 9418 — 006 

Dec 9400 93X8 9353 —001 

Mar 9175 9X63 9171 +051 

Jaa 9X48 9X35 9368 + 008 

Sep 9X27 9X1* 9X26 +0JK 

Dee 9X09 9256 9XM +006 

Mar 9X89 9276 9X84 +064 

Jan 9275 9265 9X73 +OJ7 

EsJ- volume: 74574 Open tnu 203.134 
LONG GILT (LfFFHJ 
■sum - ate «. am or tse pc» 

Star 101-03 99-18 UK-14 +0-20 

Dec 9940 9940 99-14 +0-20 

Eri. volume: 6X292. Open Int.: HUBS. 

bumd tLH=pin 

Sep 9X36 9176 9153 —002 

Doc 9170 __91J8 9130 Ufirfi. 

Eg. volume: 14X772. open Hit: 154345 
10-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS CMAT1F) 


Iflgti LON 
U&n 15875 
•8C 16400 MUM 

on 1*475 .16200 
=tt KUO 161 SO 

IW N.T. N.T. 

wr N.T. N.T. 

tar . N.T. N.T. 

E«LvatumeL246S». 


Lost Settle. Ctfpe 
15900 -15900 —275 
16100 16100 —135 
16200 VIM -225 
161-50 16130 —I JO 
N.T. MOM —SOB 
N.T. lSaiD — 100 
N.T. 15630— U» 
Open Jot. 945)8 


U.S-/AT THfc *|Og[ 

aolhina Sales Aid Retailers’ Results 


■RENT CRUDE OIL <IPC) 

U3. dollars per iKUTeHots of UMbomta 
A0f 1732 1701 17.M 1708 +002 

S«P 1X14 I486 16.91 1601 —801 

Oct 1703 1677 1405 UJO — 003 

Nov - -1708 1473 l&M 1478 -0® 

Dec 1606 1467 1672. U73 -007 

job 1465 1664' 164S Hk67 — 0J8 

F«p . 1665 U45 1665 1664 — 008 

M0 r- -1600 1660 1660 1454 —006 

Apr 1633 1635 -1633 1609 —0M 

Eg. volume: 42J08 . 0POIM..144M7 


Stock indexes 

HM Low - dost Choose 

ssrxea/ 

Sep . 298X0 29340 29700 +mo 

Dec N.T. - N.T. - 29783 +2X0 

Est yolume: lUtX Open Int: 3)064 
CAC4B (MATIF) - 
FF2M per Mex saint 

J«i 193X00 1 89LD0. 193800 + 3700 

Abb 190490 1904-50 1937JB +37J0 

Sep moo 191260 mug +mjd 

Dec I4T. N.T. 197230 +3630 

Mar 197X00 1*7850 199X00 +3*00 

Eg. volume: 24535 Open Int: 72324 
Sources: Motif. Associated Press. 
London tan Ftnanem Futons Exchange, 
Inn Petroleum ExdMnea. 


Dhrtdsnds 

Company - per Amt 

REDUCED 

Colonl InvGdMun M 064 

REGULAR 



7-15 7-29 

8-1 8-15 
7-1S B-I 

83 9-1 
M2 7-29 

84 9-18 

M» xao 
7-15 . 7-2T 
7-73 879 
7-22 ■ 7-29 
7-22 7-29 
7-22 7-29 
7-22 7-29 
7-13 7-26 
7-20 5-3 

7-15 7-24 
7-22 7-29 
7-22 7-29 
7-22 7-39 
8W 9-9 
70S .7-29 
7-15 7-29 
7-15 749 
7-16 7-29 
7-11 746 
7-19 -MS 
7-32 7-29 


»4aaiaal; e-povoble in m oo mim i 1 
menMri oraeartertyi »om8Hmw 


Spat CammocBties 

Ceminodffr TMnr 

Aluminum, lb 0673 

Ca«rc. Braz.ia 150 

Casper electrclrilc. lb 1.16 

Iron FOB. ion 21X00 

Lead, fb X36 

Silver, tray m 5-24 

Steel (scrap), tan 12X00 

Tin, lb vul 

ZJncffi 04631 


FPOUN 

8 

1 



sw 

11496 

11334 

11434 

+0J4 

Dec 

114B0 

11324 

HIM 

+ 074 

Mar 

11X80 

11X40 

11322 

+ 074 

JH 

N.T. 

N.T. 

N.T. 

linch. 


Eg. volume: 216355. Open hit: 144X8L 


*oSi Industrials 

1 9D 

1 19 Kob Lew Log seme ctrae 

21100 GASOIL (IPE) 

036 tf-S. dollars per metric toP-tots eflM fora 
5295 M 151 75 14725 U72S 14730 — X50 

122.0G ISSJOO 151 JO 151 JO 151 JOB -225 

33695 Sep 15725 1S4Q0 15450 15425 — L75 

X4652 Oct 16000 157 JO 157 JO 157 JO -ZOO 


Toourreodeoinluxeiiibow 

tfs imr beeneoswr to sUHCriba 
end save. Just ool *oB^«a: 

0 8002703 


Royal Oak Offers $1.4 Billion for Lac 


Bloomberg Buzinas News 

TORONTO — Royal Oak Mines Inc. 
made an unexpected offer to buy Lac Min- 
erals Ltd. for about 2 billion" Canadian 
dollars (S1.4 billion) in stock and cash, a 
transaction that would create Canada’s 
largest producer of gold. 

The acquisition would catapult three- 
year-old Royal Oak, whose production last 
year was a third of Lac’s, into the ranks of 
North America’s major producers. 

Margaret Witte, Royal Oak’s chairman 
and chief executive officer, said she be- 


lieved the combined companies could cut 
operating costs by more than $40 million 
in I99S and almost $50 million in 1996. 

Lac said it would evaluate Royal Oak's 
proposal "with a view to the best interests 
of Lac and its shareholders." It did not 
elaborate, but analysts said the offer had 
little chance erf succeeding on the toms 
offered. 

Royal Oak will offer 3.75 dollars in cash 
and 1.75 Royal Oak shares for each share 
outstanding of Lac, valuing the bid at 
13.16 dollars a share. 


In late trading Thursday, Royal Oak 
stock was down 25 cents to 5475 dollars 
on the Toronto Stock Exchange, while Lac 
shares rose 1.125 dollars to 12.50 dollars. 

Royal Oak, based m Vancouver, was 
formed by the merger of five mining com- 
panies in 1991. It operates four gold mines 
m Canada. Royal Oak said it expected to 
produce 375,000 ounces of gold this year. 

Lac, erf Toronto, has gold nrinmg opera- 
tions in North America and South Ameri- 
ca. It produced 1.11 million ounces of gold 
nx 1993. 


» higher price range . 

compete- with discount and off-prK* ^ 

“ 4 lk ^ spccid^apparel -*5^2353 

' P ^2arately, the government reported Thursday that the 
of /Saigas filing the first time for unemployment benefits 
dropped 21,000 last week to the lowest level in nearly four months. . 

Disney Declines to Comment on CBS 

LOS ANGELES (Reuters) — Walt Disney Co. 7*5^ 

.day to comment on a published . n^ott thatd \a m t^s wdi 
inn about a three-way association of Disney, CBS and the 

Michael 

Eisner, would like to work with QVC Chief J^S° ve , Bi VS' 

Diller who is to become chief executive officer of CBS under the 
proposed merger. Variety said Wr. Eisner was mtensted in joint 
projects and said Disney could wind up controlling CBS. 

A Disney spokesman declined to comment, saying the company 
did not comment on rumor and speculation. 

Empire State Buildings Half Trump’s 

NEW YORK (Renters) — Donald Trump added another jewel - ' 

to his property crown Thursday, purc hasin g a 50 percent stake in. 
the landmark Empire Slate Braiding from a group of Asian and 
European investors. ■ , .. 

Details were not disclosed. The purchase came a week after *■’ 

Trump gigw-d a muitibilUon-doIlar joint venture with a group of^ - 

Hong Kong investors to develop a Targe tract bn Manhattan s 
West Side. -' . . 

Some of New York’s most valuable real estate already beare t he 
Tramp name, including the Trump Tower building on Fifth 
Avenue and The Plaza hcteL He also owns the Taj Mahal casino 
in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and is negotiating to run other 
casinos across the country. 

Copyright Proposed for On-line Nets 

WASHINGTON (Bloomberg) — A Commerce Department : j , 
task force recommended Thursday that exuding copyright laws be . > 

rhangad to protect information, on computer on-line networks. 

The would affect information exchanged over Internet, 

the ’main network linking other computer networks worldwide, 
and over such subscriber services as Prodigy, CompuServe and 
America Online Inc. Analysts expect these services to contribute 
to a SI biQion infonnatioarservices market by 1996. 

Murdoch Streamlines Fox Subsidiary 

LOS ANGELES (Bloomberg) —Fox Inc. announced Thursday 
that its fihn and television operations would be divided into two 
divisions rcportmg dkectly to Rnpen Murdoch, the chairman and 
chief executive officer of News Corp„ Fox’s parent. 

The move comes as Lucie Salhany resigned as chairman of Fox 
Broadcasting Co., a unit of Fox Inc. No reason was given for her 
resignation. News reports said earlier that Miss Salhany planned ■ 

to resign after repeated dashes with Mr. Murdoch, who controls 
News Corp., and Chase Carey, chairman and chief operating 
officer of Fox Inc. - ■ 

Peter Chenrin, chairman of Twentieth Century Fox, will con- , 

tiruie in his ament position and will ovcsec Twentieth Televi- ^ 
sion's network prodoction. Mr. Carey wSt became chairman and (C] 
chief executive of the Fox Television division, which will include* 23 1 
JFox Broadcasting, Fox Tdevision Stations, Twentieth Televi- 1 

'sion’s domestic syndication unit aBd Fx,The Fox cable channel. Via ■ ; 

For the Record 

The investor Harold Simmons ^said he had^ tentatively agreed to _ 

sdl Amalgamated Sugar Co. to a cooperative of 1,600 sugar beel 
growers in Idaho, Or^on and Washington for $325 million. (AP) 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 




























i wt i a mm u c ikf.i w:ia tmct si a ;i i ifV^i I i 


^T-ETC 


o non 

1 f l w II SI JRT "™ Metallge- 
A P_ appointed a new 
d»ef financial officer Thursday 
as a part erf a reor ganiza tion of 
its management board. 

Tbe plan cuts the board of 
the metals and mining can- 
glomerate to five members from 
seven and extends the influence 
of Kajo NeuJdrchen, the chief 
executive brought in as a trou- 
bleshooter after MetaUgesells- 
chaft ran into financial difficul- 
ties last year. 

The supervisory board chose 
Uinch Wdhr, the chief execu- 
tive of tbe car-parts unit VEO 
Adolf SchindUng AG, to be- 
come chief of the finance de- 
partment Aug. ]. 

Mr. W5hr will succeed Ger- 
eon Mertens, who temporarily 
headed the “particularly over- 
taxed” areas of controlling and 
finance, a statement from Me- 
tallgeseUschaft said. Mr. Mer- 
tens will remain controller, the 
company said. 

The former chief financial of- 
ficer, Mrinhard Forster, was 
fired in a management purge in 
December that also clamed the 
then-chief executive, Heinz 
Schimmdbusch. Metaflgesell- 
schaft has said it is considering 
charges against both ex-manag- 
ers for their part in running up a 
2.3 billion Deutsche mark ($1.4 


bQhon) loss on trading in oil 
futures;. ... * , 

Mr. Neukudkn wfll double 
as head of thejperaonnd depart- 
htent, a position that has been 
held by Heinrich G6tz, who is 
Also the current deputy chief 
e *? cu ^ VCL Mr. Gbtz, a former 
su perv isory board member due 
to retire, was temporarily ap- 
pointed to the management 
board m December and won't 
be replaced. 

Among other management 
changes, Hans-Ubich Plaul, the 
<rfncf of Buderus AG, will leave 
the board at the end of July, 
after Metallgesellschaft sold its 
80 percent stake in die beating 
equipment company last 
month. 

Jens-Peter Schafer, chief of 
the energy and chemicals unit 
Luigi AG, will leave the board 
this year but continue to act a 
corporate advisor to Metaflge- 
sellschafL Lnrgi, an energy, 
chemicals and plant building 
unit, will not be represented on 
the board. 

The other two management 
board members are Hans-Wcr- 
ncr No! ting, responsible for 
trading operations, and in«i« 
Goeckmann, responsible for 
mining, smelting and environ- 
mental activities, MetallgeseUs- 
chaft said. 


Budapest Shares Bubble Again 

Roller-Coaster Market May Be Boosted by Econ 


By Heniy Copeland 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

"BUDAPEST — The victory of Hunga- 
ry's former Communists in elections in 
May may give pause to some foreign 
investors cons dering Budapest equities. 

Bat Ideal stock analysts say not to 
worry. After all, it was these same politi- 
cians who first permitted equity issues at 
the beginning of 1989. The laissez-faire 
Communists had already granted con- 
siderable autonomy to enterprises, en- 
couraged foreign investment and ended 
many price controls. 

In any case, Budapest’s exchange has 


The market snored through two rounds 
of elections in May that gave the Social- 
ist Party, an unexpected 32-seat majority 
in Hungary’s 386-member Parliament 
Now, analysts here say that -a rebound- 
ing economy, pools of capital dedicated 
to Eastern Europe and attractive equity 
prices will attract investors. 

The Budapest Stock Exchange opened 
in June 1990 with the listing of Ibusz, a 
state-owned travel company that was 
dominant in its field at the time. The first 
offering on the post-Gommunist ex- 
change was Ibusz, and its shares were 
priced at 4,900 forints, or $48 at current 
exchange rates. They soared to 12.000 
within days. 

But Ibusz foundered when it had to 
contend with vigorous competition, and 
the stock now trades at 1,320. Investors 
who joined in a euphoric first wave of 
buying have lost as much as 95 percent of 
their capital. 

Other stocks performed only a little 
better, as the collapse of trade with the 
former Soviet bloc and a record-breaking 
two-year drought sliced 20 percent off 


gross domestic product between 1989 and 
1993. Having risen as high as 1,227 in 
March 1991, the index of the nine equities 
that make up two-thirds of the Budapest 
exchange's capitalization reached an all- 
time low of 667 in May 1993. 

The situation improved later in 1993, 
however. Istvan Racz, an economist for 
CS First Boston in Budapest, said there 
was a “tremendous improvement in 

BYMWATIOJSAL STOCKS 

earnings, both for the broader economy 
and the stocks traded on the exchange.” 

Just as important to the market's re- 
vival, Polish equity prices soared eight- 
fold in 1993 and the Czech market 
surged nearly fourfold between Septem- 
ber 1993 and February 1994. This helped 
Budapest prices to nearly double in the 
second half of 1993 and to double again 
in January. 

Volume on the Budapest market rose 
eightfold from the first to the second half 
of 1993, and volume in January alone 
equaled that for all of 1993. 

“There is a growing sense that Poland, 
the Czech Republic and Hungary form a 
region: Centred Europe,” said Mr. Racz. 
“This sort of regional treatment means 
that whenever prices are too high in 
Poland or the Czech Republic, people 
are inclined to see what is on sale in 
Budapest” 

The recent routs In Warsaw, where 
stock prices fell 60 percent, and Prague, 
where they slid 50 percent have hurt 
Budapest prices, but Hungarian shares 
touched bottom more quickly and have 
stabilized above 1,400, off a third from 
January's high of 2,190. 


ted By economy 

Having watched their fledgling market 
soar and dive twice, many Hungarian 
investors have become wary and prefer 
one-year government securities, which 
yield 25 percent, to equities. 

Julian Cooke, manager of the S100 
million Hungarian investment Co. for 
John Govett & Co. in London, said he 
had been buying Budapest equities at 
current levels. ‘The growth of I or 2 
percent projected for Hungary’s econo- 
my this year may not be that exciting in 
itself, but it is symbolic of having turned 
the corner.” he said. 

Mr. Cooke listed other positive fac- 
tors, such as a substantial off-th e-books 
economy that was “quite dynamic.” He 
also said that most companies had re- 
structured themselves enough to com- 
pete, (hat Eastern trade links were reviv- 
ing and that the German economy, a key 
market for exports, was rebounding. 
Oversubscriptions for recent new issues 
have also buoyed the market, be said. 

At the same lime, analysis warn that 
the market has only 31 stocks and a capi- 
talization of little more than 51 billion, 
making it vulnerable to sudden move- 
ments. The surge that nearly doubled the 
value of the market in January was fuded 
by volume of only S80 million. 

This spring, companies such as CS 
First Boston and Baring Brothers 
launched S500 million in new equity 
funds dedicated to Eastern Europe’s 
markets, and brokers hope to entice 
some of that money to Budapest Trad- 
ing with an average price/earnings ratio 
of 14, the slocks look especially attrac- 
tive in comparison with those in Poland, 
where the ratios are often two to three 
times as high. 


Frankfurt 

London 

Paris : 

DAX 

QWk 

FTSE 100 Index 

CAC 40 

. AlAfv ■ 


flnvestoir’s Europe 


.^F'WA 

1993 

M J J 

F M A M J j • 
1993 

18y ° F M A ; 
1993 

hi 3 J 

Exchange 

■ Index 

Thursday 

Close 

Prev. . 
Close 

PIP 

Amsterdam 

A EX 

38622 

385-36- 

IM 


Brussels 

Stock Index 

7,356.03 7,360.99 -0.07 

Frankfurt 

DAX 

2,04325 2,035.70- +0.40 

Frankfurt 

FAZ 

781.15 779.79 .+0.17- 

Helsinki 

HEX 

1.743.33 1,70555 +2.22- 

London 

Financial Times 30 2,326.70 2,31 $.80 +0.47 

London 

FTSE 100 

2,964.40 2.948.70 +0.60 


Parts CAC 


Stockholm Affa 


Vienna - Sloe 


Zurich SBS 


Sources: Reuters. AFP 


General Index 


CAC 40 


Affaersvaerkten 


Slock index 


SBS 


1320.75 t .888.99 +1.88 


1,75530 1.738.77 +1,08 


452.63 453.91 -0.28 


923.49 926.13 -0,29 


(nicmaiM>nalHmU intone 


Very briefly 


• EurotmmeTs rights issue to raise 7.3 billion French francs ($1.35 
biliionj was 95.1 percent subscribed. Banque Indosuez said. The 
Anglo-French tunnel operator described the result as “very satis- 
factory, given the difficult conditions on stock markets.” 

• Spain said Luis Angel Rojo would stay on as governor of the 
Bank of Spain, for a six-year, nonrenewable term. 

• Moody's Investors Service Inc. lowered the long-term rating of 
French bank Worms & Cie- from A-3 to Baa-1 and its rating on 
short-term credits to Prime-2 from Prime- 1. 

• Cr&Xt Lyonnais said its Aftus Finance unit was in talks to sell its 
64.6 percent stoke in the French bookstore chain FNAC. 

• Aer Lingus management said it was preparing to lay off 200 
people on Friday and 400 next week as part of a rescue plan for 
the Irish airline. 


Swissair Reshuffles Its Top Management t^toWtyMatyaa 


Compiled by Otr Staff From Dispatches 

LONDON — The chair- 
man of Allied -Lyons PLC, 
Michael Jackaman, said 
Thursday that the company 
would continue to seD food- 
manufacturing units and 
that all business sectors had 
made a “satisfactory start” 
to the current financial year. 

“There is a perceptible 
though modest return of 
consumer confidence in the 
U.K., and trading condi- 


tions are improving in North 
America,” Mr. Ja ckaman 
said at the annual sharehold- 
ers meeting. AHied-Lyons’s 
financial year began in 
March. 

Affied-Lyons, the world's 
second-largest marketer of 
distilled spirits, wifi contin- 
ue to concentrate on build- 
ing its spirits, brewing and 
retailing businesses, .Mr. 
Jackaman said.:. . . 

(Bloomberg AFX) 


Bloomberg Busbtesx News 

ZURICH — Swissair, the na- 
tional carrier, will reshuffle top 
management in January in a bid 
to make its flight operations 
profitable again. 

A six-member management 
group will succeed the current 
seven-member airline manage- 
ment group. Swissair repeated 
that it does not expect flight 
operations to be profitable this 
year. 

The new group will be re- 


sponsible for the main airline 
and for the other Swissair sub- 
sidiaries, which range from ca- 
tering units to hotels. 

“We didn’t have a clear 
group management before, or a 
dear division of tasks,” a com- 
pany spokesman said. 

Swissair said it wanted to cut 
100 million Swiss francs ($75 
million) in costs this year and 
had warned that doing so could 
mean eliminating some jobs. 


But in the management reshuf- 
fle, only one job will disappear 
— that of the former deputy 
president, Erich GeULinger. 
who retired June 30. 

Last year, Swissair said it had 
group net profit of 59 million 
francs despite a “heavy loss" on 
flight operations. 

The company said in its July 
newsletter that total revenue 
had fallen in May from a year 
earlier, although cost-cutting 
had softened the impact Pas- 


senger traffic rose 1 percent in 
May. while total traffic volume 
increased 6 percent 

In the past management also 
was responsible for nonairline 
operations, while the charter 
airline subsidiary. Batair/CTA, 
was run separately. 

Under the new structure, Ba- 
lair will be integrated into the 
group. The regional airline 
Crossair will remain an inde- 
pendent subsidiaiy with its own 
directors. 


Bloomberg Businas News 

PARIS — The automaker Ci- 
troen SA said Thursday it bad 
signed a tentative agreement to 
supply assembly kits to a Ma- 
laysian automaker planning to 
build 50.000 subcompact cars a 
year by the end of the decade. 

The value of the agreement 
between Citroen and Perusa- 
haan OtomobO Nasional Bhd., 
or Proton, was not disclosed. 

Proton is a joint venture of 


the Malaysian government and 
Mitsubishi Motors Corp. 

Proton will build the sub- 
compact Citroen AX and the 
AX's replacement, scheduled to 
appear m France in late 1995. 

In a separate announcement 
in Paris, Arianespace said the 
Malaysian telecommunications 
company Binariang Sdn. had 
chosen the European space con- 
sortium to launch its first com- 
munications satellite. 


NASDAQ 

Thursday's Apjn. 

Thia ftstcoroptted by the AP,coo»«s ofU>e1,D00 
most tradad securfttes in tenret of dofiar value. It is 
updated twice a year. 


Ufa YU PE iPta High LowLnteJOi'ge 


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Hfcft Low Mock 


Div YW PE 100s Hflah Low uses) Ch'ae 


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** 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 


Page IS 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


China 



Rouen 

SHANGHAI - China*? 
once-Qormam bond market has 
roared to life, becoming the fa- 
vorite haven for funds pulling 
out of stocks that are phmSng 
U1 S hanghai 

. T ™diAg in government 

bonds has started to account for 
the bulk erf die volume on the 
Shanghai Stock Exchange, offi- 
cial statistics show. 

Trasury bill futures, viewed 
as an exotic experiment when 
launched nine months ago, have 
become China’s hottest finan- 
cial instruments. 

The unexpected burst of ac- 
tivity in the bond market is wel- 
come news for both Beijing, 
which is desperate to cover its 
mounting budget deficits with- 
out printing more money, and 

Vietnam Ham 
To Make Debut on 
Capital Markets 

Reuters 

HANOI — Vietnam is plan- 
ning to tap international capital 
markets for the first time, possi- 
bly by year-end, and to raise as 
much as $3 billion by the end of 
the century, a Finance Minist ry 
official said. 

LeThi Bang Tam, director of 
the state treasury department in 
the Ministry of Finance, said, 
“From selling government 
bonds, we hope to raise be- 
tween $2 billion and S3 bflfion 
by the year 2000.” 

The government says it wan ts 
to raise $30 billion by the end of 
the century to invest - in fac- 
tories, power plants and infra- 
structure projects to help it 
meet its goal of doubling gross 
domestic product while sustain- 
ing an animal growth rate of 8 
percent to 10 percent 

The aim is to raise at least 
half of the money domestically, 

“We wrD try to submit our 
final draft proposal to the gov- 
ernment by the end at the year,” 
she said. “If the go ve r n ment ap- 
. proves the project, they wfll start 
issuing bonds immediately-” 


the ailing Chinese securities in- 
dustry. .. 

Without bonds, traders 
"would 1 have little; to. dp these 
days on the Shanghai Stock Ex- 
change, . and local' securities 
houses woold be facing finan- 
cial nun. 

At the height of the bull mar- 
ket inl992 and eariy 1993, daily 
trading on Shanghai’s infant 
market was often more active 
than pm the stock exchange in 
Hong Kong. -. . . 

But after 16 months of de- 
cline, volume has dried up. On 
.Wednesday, it drawled to just 
274 miTHo n yuan ($32 nriQion), 
compared with uncord angle- 
day figure of 53 billion yuan on 
. March 14 this year. . 

Interest in stocks has been 

^m^^n the share ind^for 
domestic investors £om its high 
in February last year, .and 
Shanghai brokerages are in- 
creasingly taming to bonds to 
stay afloat. 

Bonds are fining die gap as a 
result erf the success of this 
yeafsrecordissueo? lOObflHon 
yuan of twoyear.and three-year 
Treasury : bffls> winch are trad- 
ing on me Shanghai market. 

I ? or ordinary investors, 
bonds, despite coupons of as 
much as 14 percent, are no 
match for China’s inflation 
rates of 20 percent or more, but 
they are still more a ttract iv e 
than bank deposits. 

On Wednesday, volume in 
Treasury lull futures readied 
2.78 biffion yuan, accounting 
for almost all bond trading and 
about 90 percent of the volume 
cm die exchange. . . 

- Even repurc ha se agreements 

_ VrrtriaTly imlwai d ttf in (Tw»» 

six mouths ago — are starring 
-to pique the interest of institu- 
tional investors. 

Qn Thursday, the Shanghai 
Securities News reported that 
bonds accounted for 41.71 per- 
cent of the exchange’s volume 
in the first six mouths of 1994. 

The total value of trading in 
the period, however, was 563 
bilfian yuan, only sightly high- 
er than it was in the first half <rf 
1992 even though the number 
. of fisted shares for domestic in- 
vestors has more than doubled. 


Kawasaki Steel 9 s Big Bet 

Can an Underwriter Help It Pay Off? 


Bloomberg Bustnen News 

TOKYO— Kawasaki Steel Corp. has 100 
billion yen ($1 billion) riding on whether its 
stock pace wifi top 441 yea by September. 

Thanks to Kawasakfs powerhouse under- 
writer, Nomura Securities Co., which has is- 


of Kawasaki shares in recent mouths, the gam- 
ble may pay off. The recovering steelmaker's 
shares have already climbed 33 percent this 
year, finishing at 411 yen on Thursday. 

Nomura’s efforts are another example erf the 
clubby world of Japanese corporate finance. 

The 441 yen mark is the key because that is 
the price at which investors would cash in 
about 120,000 warrants issued by Kawasaki 
and attached to bonds that Nomura and Ya- 
Securities Co. helped selL 

Warrants are securities that grant an inves- 
tor the right to buy new shares at a predeter- 
mined pnee. If the market value of the stock 
rises above the warrant’s execution price, in- 
vestors exercising their warrants can sell their 
new shares for the higher market price and 
pocket the difference. 

While Kawasaki’s brightening prospects 
might justify some improvement in its share 
price, Nomura’s rivals are startled by the 
magnitude of the swing. While its stock has 
risen by almost a third mis year, Japan’s other 
unprofitable steel giants have gained less than 
IS percent. 

Kawasaki’s rivals say Nomura is wielding 
its considerable power to bid up the steel-, 
maker's shares to help keep a valuable corpo- 
rate efieht out of a financial jam. 

“I think it’s excessive,” Shigplri Okamoto, 
an analyst at UBS Securities, said of Kawasa- 
ki's price. Minoru Udono, a steel analyst at 
James Capel, said “Kawasaki has no divi- 
dend. Why should its price be higher?” 

The stakes are high for Kawasaki, whose 
warrants were attached to about 84.7 billion 
yen of bonds. Kawasaki hopes to pay off the 
bonds with rite money that investors trill pay 
to exercise the warrants. If they don’t exercise 
the warrants, Kawasaki may have to borrow 
to pay off die bonds. 

At the moment, things are looking up for 
the steelmaker, whose stock has dosed as high 
as 427.50 yen this year. 

There’s no denying that Kawasaki’s chang- 
ing fortunes are behind a large part of the rise. 
The betting is that Kawasaki’s cost-cutting 
efforts win make it the first of Japan’s big 
steelmakers to end its string of losses. 

“Kawasaki Steel should lead the recovery 
to profitability,” said Makoto Hiranuma, an 
analyst at Nomura. 

But traders and analysts say aggresove 
salesmanship by Nomura also is pushing Ka- 
wasaki's stock higher. “Nomura has been the 
main force behind the stock. They’ve been the 
most positive on it,” said Raymond Brcssoud, 
a trader at UBS Securities. 

As Kawasaki’s lead underwriter, Nomura 
helped the steelmaker sell $350 million of 
beads with 70,000 warrants attached in Sep- 


tember 1990. Those and 50,000 other war- 
rants attached to bonds that Yamaichi Securi- 
ties underwrote expire in September. Both 
sets of warrants entitle their holders to buy 
Kawasaki stock at 441 yen a share. 

When they were sold, Kawasaki shares 
were trading at an average of 445 yen. But by 
the summer of 199), ihe share price had sunk 
with the Japanese economy, and it has stayed 
below 440 yen ever since. Consequently, none 
of the warrants have been exercised. 

If all were exercised this year, the warrants 
would be turned into 226 million new shares, 
an amount equal to about 7 percent of Kawa- 
saki Sled's outstanding equity. For Kawasa- 
ki, they would represent roughly 100 billion 

Japan’s securities industry 
is famous for adopting 
investment strategies 
designed to preserve client 
relations. 

yen in cash. But if the market price of Kawa- 
saki stock fails to rise to 441 yen before the 
warrants expire, they will represent nothing. 

Letting a large client like Kawasaki watch 
that much money vanish would be bad for 
Nomura’s business, analysts say. 

That sentiment has caused many investors 
to snap up Kawasaki shares not because they 
thought the steelmaker was climbing back to 
profitability but because they thought Nomu- 
ra would fold a way to push the shares up to 
the warrant price, said Minoru Hasegawa, an 
analyst at Barclays de Zoeie Wedd. 

Nomura is Japan’s largest brokerage con- 
cern, and it isn’t uncommon for the sheer bulk 
of its trades to move stock prices, whether it 
intends to or not, traders say. Japan’s securi- 
ties industry also is famous for adopting in- 
vestment strategies designed to preserve cli- 
ent relations. 

Japanese investors also have been known to 
bid up stocks with warrants that are about to 
expire worthless. In those cases, the investors 
are betting that the companies, rather than 
see potential capital evaporate, will leak news 
designed to lift their stock price above the 
warrants’ exercise price. 

Maltiko Yam aka wa. a Kawasaki Steel offi- 
cial, attributed the company's stock price rise 
to anticipation among investors of an im- 
provement in Japan's economy. 

Japan's 39-month-long slump has left all its 
largest steel companies deeply in deficit Nip- 
pon Steel Co.’s current loss in 1993 was 1 835 
billion yen. NKK Corp. posted a loss of 2430 
billion yen, Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd. 
had a 33.02 billion yen loss, and Kobe Steel 
Ltd. posted a loss of 3.42 billion yen. As for 
Kawasaki, it posted a loss of 3238 billion yen, 
and hard times prompted it to suspend its 
dividend in September. 


Murdoch 
Could Face 
Barriers 
At Fairfax 

Remen 

SYDNEY — Rupert Mur- 
doch's purchase of a small stake 
in the rival media group John 
Fairfax Holdings Ltd. has 
raised eyebrows in investment 
circles, with analysts detecting a 
possible raid on Australia’s old- 
est and most lucrative newspa- 
per company. 

But Mr. Murdoch's News 
Corp., which has bought about 
23 percent of John Fairfax on 
the open market since June 15, 
would probably face enormous 
hurdles in raising its slake be- 
yond 5 percent, analysis said. 
They noted posable problems 
in particular with Australian 
anti-monopoly and foreign 
ownership regulations. 

Mr. Murdoch has always had 
an eye on Fairfax, and analysts 
doubt the Australian-born mo- 
gul would be content to sit tight 
with such a small stake. 

“Rupert Murdoch very, very 
rarely has a passive sharehold- 
ing in any thing ,” said Paul 
Chadwick, an analyst at Aus- 
tralia’s Communications Law 
Center. 

Fairfax shares climbed 10 
cents, or 3.7 percent, to 2.80 
Australian dollars ($2.06), after 
News Corp. announced 
Wednesday that it had bought 
12 milli on shares as a "passive 
investment” in Fairfax. 

Stephen Bradshaw, a spokes- 
man for Fairfax, said that News 
Corp. currently held at least 
14.53 milli on Fairfax shares, 
representing a stake of 2.05 per- 
cent. He added that Mr. Mur- 
doch probably had purchased 
an additional 1.7 million shares 
through a separate investment 
account since June 15, bringing 
the stake to 23 percent 

Some analysts said Mr. Mur- 
doch could try to buy extra 
shares in Fairfax and spark an 
ownership struggle between its 
two biggest shareholders: Con- 
rad Black, the Canadian media 
baron, and Kerry Packer. Aus- 
tralia’s richest man and a local 
media rival. 

Other scenarios include the 
possibility of an awkward alli- 
ance between Mr. Packer, who 
has 15 percent of Fairfax, and 
Mr. Murdoch. 


Investor’s Asia 


Hong Kong 

Hang Seng 

13KB 

12030 
11300 

mo 


Singapore • : .-Tokyo " 

Straits Times .. mm22S 


* — <£K 8 f 



F fit- A 
1994 - 


Exchange 

index ... 

"Thursday - Fnwf- r '"fc ■ 
Ctoso . Close Change 

HongXong 

Hang Seng; •; 

6,45432 ' *0.43 

Singapore 

Strarts Tlmes .. .. 

a.teaa8. ■ «.7$ 

Sydney 

AflOnSnaries 

1-962.20 .1,991.20 .-T.46 

Tokyo 

fSkker-225 

28£3Mtt 20,829.00 -0.04 

Kuala Lumpur Composite - 

98137 -995.36 -Ml 

Bangkok 

SET 

:-i£02.86 : : $|29M8 +0.42 

Seoul 

Composite Stock 

.9&L37 7 .- 953.48 - +2^3 

Taipei - 

We^ted Prics ' 

£09834 - • 0 , 113.(8 ■ " 

Mania 

PS6 

2&SS& \ ' 2,627-80 +0.05 

Jakarta 

Stack index 

-.454.104 ; .45369 ■ +009 

New Zeeland 

NZSE-40 

1,966*25 L984.H -0,90 

Bombay 

National index - 

1,83532 . = 1,952.72 -089 

Sources: Reuters. AFP 

Imemalioml Herald Tnbune 

Very briefly: 


• Malaysia said it was studying several companies' proposals to 
acquire state-owned Bank Btmtipulra, the country's second-largest 
commercial bank, which the government put up for sale in April. 

• British Tdeco mmm ia d ions PLC and Nippon Information & 
Communicatio ns Corp. have agreed to distribute products from 
Concert, BTs joint venture with MCI Communications Corp-, to 
Nippon's customers in Japan, BT said. 

• Philippine Airlines Inc’s ground crew union said it would go on 
strike after the airline fired 180 union officers and members who 
had taken part in an illegal strike last month. 

• Australia’s unemployment rate rose to 10 percent in June, its first 
increase in nine months, from 9.8 percent in May. 

• Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corp. wQl be part of a group of 
1 80 Japanese companies and organizations that will launch a two- 
year experiment Friday in interactive multimedia services, at an 
expected cost of 7.5 billion yen ($75 million). 

• Taiwan imposed a large-scale energy-saving program, including 
temporary power cuts to households and factories, to help cope 
with a severe power shortage this summer. 

AFP. Return, Bloomberg 


Cathay Ends Negotiations 


Bloomberg Business News 

HONG KONG — Cathay 
Pacific Airways Ltd. broke off 
six weeks of talks with its pilots’ 
union on Thursday and said ev- 
ery avenue for resolving a dis- 
pute over pay had been ex- 
hausted. 

The Hong Kong Airline Offi- 
cers’ Association, which repre- 


sents about 85 percent of Ca- 
thay’s pilots and flight 
engineers, will meet Friday to 
consider the latest turn of 
events. The union has not pub- 
licly threatened a strike. 

Cathay said it had offered the 
union an 8 percent pay raise in 
exchange for improving produc- 
tivity through increasing flying 
hours by about 11 percent. 


Thundav , l GioefaW - - 

Tables triduqemiBnBtoiwtde prices up to - 
tha dosing on WsB Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Prnaa 



Carmakers Scramble to Tap India Market 


Agence France-Presse 

BOMBAY — A host of global 
automakers are setting up pro- 
duction in India, promising to 
turn the country’s passenger-car 
industry around and finally put 
customers in the driver’s seat. 

Genera] Motors Corp. and 
Chrysler Corp. erf the United 
States. Daimler-Benz AG of 
Germany, PSA Peugeot Citroen 
SA of France and Daewoo 
Corp. of South Korea have all 
signed up with local companies 
to produce a range of vehicles 
here And Flat SpA is negotiat- 
ing with potential partners de- 
spite doubts as to whether the 
more than $1 billion auto mar- 
ket — although growing fast — 
is big enough for everyone. 

Rover Group PLC of Britain 
was first lo act after India ban- 
ished protectionist controls a 
year ago, throwing open the 
country’s automobile sector in 
line with a liberalization pro- 
gram launched in 1991. 

Rover, a unit of Bayerische 
Motoren Werke AG erf Germa- 
ny, teamed up with Bangalore- 
based Sipani Automobiles Ltd. 
to produce the Rover Montego, 
billed as the most expensive car 
in India, with a showroom price 
of 950,000 rupees ($44,000). 

India's middle class of about 
200 million people makes it a 
tempting destination for car 
manufacturers looking for new, 
unsaturated markets. 

“We have a skilled work force 


unmatched by any other country 
in this region.” said Sudhakar 
Shah, director erf the Association 
of Indian Automobile Manufac- 
turers. “In addition, our invest- 
ment chmate is freer.” 

For decades, Indians have 
been stuck with a limited and 
outdated range of high-priced 
automobiles. 

In a seller's market, Maruli 
Udyog UdL, a joint venture be- 
tween the Indian government 
and Suzuki Motor Co.. emerged 
as the main player, with a com- 
bination of Japanese technol- 
ogy and official patronage. 

But with the opening of the 
market last year, competition 
swelled as other automakers 
jumped to capitalize on the un- 


sales to grow 2U percent in this 
year, and by the year 2000. de- 
mand is projected to rise to a 
half nrilli on cars — more than 
double current sales but a mea- 
ger figure by international stan- 
dards for an industry depen- 
dent on large volume. 

Mr. Shah said the high price 


of cars bong manufactured by 
the new joint ventures may deter 
most potential motorists, but 
those who can afford a car will 
welcome the choices available. 

“Going by the prices being 
talked about, each of the tie-ups 
is looking at the upper end of 
the market,” he said. 


tapped market. 
GM joii 


joined with Hindustan 

Motors Ltd-, India’s oldest car- 
maker, to produce the Opel As- 
tra, while Chrysler agreed with 
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. to 
make the Cherokee four-wheel 
drive vehicle. 

Premier Automobiles Ltd. is 
to produce the Peugeot 309. and 
Tata Engineering & Locomotive 
will turn out a Mercedez-Benz 
luxury car. Daewoo and DCM 
Toyota Ltd. are collaborating to 
mak e a car called the Racer. 

About 210,000 cars were sold 
in India in the year to March 3 1 , 
up 30 percent from the previous 
year. Maruti Udyog had a 71 
percent market share. 

The industry is expecting 


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SEPTEMBER 21-24, 1994 • BALLIOL COLLEGE • OXFORD 






8-7-94 - 

Yes, I woof to slot recofv tn g ihe IHT. This is tfw subscription term I prefer 
(check a ppr op riate boxes): 

□ 12 months (364 issues in afl with 32 bora* issues). 
f~l 6 months (182 issues in a8 with 25 bonus issues). 

O 3 months (91 issues in al vrith 13 barms issues). 

Q My check is endosed (payable to the He m oti ai wi HenamAune). 

□ Pleo» charge my. □ American Express □ Drars Club □ VISA 

□ MasterCard Q Ewoaard O Acres 

Cracfc and charges ba mode in French Francs at current exchange rates. 

CARDACCT NO 

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{WTVATnunfcw; JW^OTCliaftlJ 
□ A4- H Mr. n Mkt EAW8 Y UAUP 


WMANENTADORES&a HOW£g WSTBS. 


* Far rfomrabon ccnourwq hard- -tfclnieiv m .naivr German ciww caB W* hwj IHT 
Gormany jr. 013OM BS B5 wlv i06?i 175-113 Ur*>r German regulaffons, a 2-«Q<!k 
ft CTO ponoO is gmnied lor jwl no* 




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For further information, please contact Jane Benney at the 
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Tel: (44 71) 836 4802 Fax: (44 71) 836 0717 






























































































Mir v-*-. -d. 


lj* \&p 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 


Page 17 



rwntf 


FAYB4CE ABEA (VAR) 
tagc mnge of grounA 

k*"" 

Cdl fat irfa, 7 doysAmk 
MCIM: (33) 93 13 94 50. 


COSTARICA 


PAOHC SORT AREA 



GREAT BRITAIN 
















LAKHMONT, NY I 

SUMPTUOUS UVjNG | 

CoiTcxi designed MadEtnrraMan 
k txtiMbf Itmbcwd crd_ owtoofa 1 ^ 
Lav Wood SowliBlI 3D.»H« te 
Nm Ywk Of. 16 rivfah how oflors 
am 'floor Kmq wwi «fr km* 
ootdna to a «3oot terrace A pool «* 
w5w l ? edga- myi rt u fc 
homo. Privel* gated oaoeuaty. 

$1,200000 

HoaHm/Lawrane* Inc. 
iathnaal Ofltc* 
914-S3MK2G fUSA) 


Nbw Y arik : Eatf 82nd SL (off Sh Am) 

4000SF00W0M0iUM. 

Duplex, 2 foil floor!, in 
pruliaiooi limeiton* naniion 
bcated sin from Mfopdltai 
Mm fSr rrtam*xL 2 wood- 
burning fkoptaew. 34 bedroom* 
4 ma&a bod* powdor room* w* 
kkhm. Sepwafe serratf* qwten 

“"“tL.W-r.vr. 

T«L 2123260350 Fan 2124889424 

GRBNTHAL RESHNTINL 


NEWYQK Ecof 8W St A Imingioci 

I700sgff, r x »wm 

BxczmnOjk M*0. 1 

floor. Luowribia MOr w*/na 


fire shut* «"*■ » 

Cdfc Q5.34U45 Tol Fro* 
m(M4H8ra*a» 





g 

Eb 


1 



1 






1 


240 SQjNL APARTMENT 

3fth floor - fanorotnc view 
+ double garage. WriteHara Regies 
N* 432, 4 mw lr* 98000 Monaai 


HOLIDAY RENTALS 


Td (33) 93 94 29 48 te 92 97 02 16 


Romantic •** 

HOTR - RESTAURANT^ 

BmuoM battearty 30 m to from 
fka. 8 room/40 moA, pool baAn 
condtwi, French/lml «W*dt ftM 
. —■■-L Fib ownet o> 33-93 030631 


bedroom + bafc & omnral Mm. 
Faromi boyars iw to ma. AiMg 
S385jS©lSp- Berftwa. 


T* 21232641^. E^M»942« 

Mori* OOanor: 2I2-33MJ372 

QRSN1HAL RESDGNI1AL 


OGTA. MAUOROL CM on »0 | 23rd floor. 

-wssm aisFl »««*>»«■ 


mC9Mt WJM0W& Brew* 

TdU 343.18.99, 343-1914. 

Foe 3464051 
GIBCEACmUSs Ahm 
Tub [30)16535246. 

Fenc 6545511 

Fox: 6121 112. 

R*0fr*®ZS-— - 

T*L 58315738. 
ftsc 583 20931 
lvafStAMB: Atmknfrnv 
^TJb3tJOL664tOBO. 

Fan 31206881374. 
NGWfAY A SWH»fc 

Jfc* (471 55913072. 
Fax:351-1-457-7352. 

■BlSBbt 

Fan 3509257. 


UNTIg> STATES 

fCWYOHC 

TeL (21 2) 752-3890. 
S(21275M7B5 
TJ& KM) 572-7212. 

Ik 427 175 

CANADA 

TSBSWI 

aqa/PACRK 

WGATOM: 

ToL 223 6478. 

Fw 224 1566. 

Tdwe 2874? WISH 

T*:J33671 fx. 3201 0209 




■or, 91 


mBf ’} !•’ | 


1 


8 1 * I 

: . aj 

* *• i 1 

» t u 


, por sale 6n Private 


FRANKFURT A f M- 
“Holzhausen Park" 


ipH|K 

mam 


Created in I960- AGEDI iiti- 
mediaily look a special irner- 
est in presiige Real Esuue, n« 
only in Monaco, bui also oil 
alone the French Riviera. 
Today. AGEDI is ihc leuder 
in this field. AGEDI deals wi- 
th sales and management or 
Real Estate. Marketing. 


I nsurance brokerage and thus 
provides a complete service 
to local and international 
clientele. As a member of 
ERL, AGEDI is in toocb with 
[he moM imponani European 
Real Estate agencies. Our 
modo is : "Listen. advise and 
meet all your requirements 



;•. •••• 


“rssi“S£."' 

Well-kept garden with mature trees. 



Price: US$ 4,000,000- 

For further details piease write to: 
Box no. 999, 

International Herald Tribune 
181. ave. Charies-de-Gaulle 
92220 Neuilly. 

. (No agendes please) 



JOHN^D WOOD 


mxmG BUSINESS 

WITH PLEASURE 

Potential P.R. Plaifomi with PriYaie 
Leunre Chibs Jn« off Janction 12 of 
the M4Q in Shakespeare's Country. 
Comprising 40 acres of water and 60 
acres of Woodland and grassland with 
Planning for 3 cbHiowai. 21 fisIbBg 
lodges, 6 bedroom private residence, 
existing fishing and wacrsports, coffee 
shoo. office and two bedroom cab in. 

100 JCBI3 -FREEHOLD 
OXFORD OFFICE 
0865311522 


UNIQUE IN PRAGUE - 
IN THE HEART OF EUROPE 

Upper-class pen ihonse apartments, 
downtown, lop residential area near 
Wcncc&las Square with a wonderloi 
view over the rooftops of Pragne; 
Maisonette spartmcols wun a 
storeys, from ?0 to 135 sqm. top 
notch rarnishings snch as spiral 
staircase, open fireplaces. large 
terraces and separate elevators. 

Fntnre-ocienied residential 

architecture that m«u 
standards and features Ihe Meal 
environmental concepts tor 
buildings, e.g. storage eisieral™ 
rainwater, solar collectors and wind 

Outstanding architectural design 
by the architect Ivan Povnzan. 

Building owner Fa. Po » ,v s - r -°y 
Praha Management by V 15 ®"™**" 
Partners Lid.. Presentation * Sale. 
Frankfhit/Main. Germany 
Tel: 0049 -69-6468 8091 
Faai 0049.69-64688476 


FOR YOUR 
COPY 
OF OCR 
Luxury 
Real Estate 
supplement 

which 

appeared on July 1, 


i * AGEDI 

■ monte-carlo 

"Monte-Carlo Palace' 7 ct 9 boulevard des Moulin*. MO 98000 Mode-Carlo 
Tfl: (33)92.165959 - Faa: (33) 93-50- 1 9.4 _ 



O utstandingly constructed. LE PALAZZO is 
conceived in the finest French building tra- 
dition. Exceptionally situated, LE PALAZZO is : 

By the Menton Sea Front 
5 MBS FROM iTAli' „ 

15 MIN FROM THE MONTB-CaRLQ GOLF CLUB (18 HOLES) 

COXSTBISCTTO BY 

MS COGK1 JL 


FRENCH 

MAGAZINE 

FOR 

PRESTIGIOUS 
BEAL ESTATE 


D F. M FUR F S & 

chaimix 

FOR SALE, all over France: more than 300 
chateaux, residences, vineyards, houses with 
character, estates on the French Riviera. 

For each advertisement. 

- a minimum oi one color photo. 

-a detailed description m French and 

English. . . , 

You will receive the last issue by 
sending your business card and check tor 

US$15 or £8 to: 

demeubes ei chateaux 

19230 POMPADOUR - FRANCE 


KSfSKS liPlili 

^»Sf0N-FAX. + S3-«l«:71S 


COTE D'AZOR-VAR 

Modem farmhouse in excHlent condition reddes In a beautiful 

and privileged site, 25 min. Irom Cannes. 

ft distributes 2.100 sq.ft, among an 

Swimming pool 1 12 m x 5 ml. 

All modem conveniences. Bright rooms. 

Prios 3.500,000 FF Tel.: 0WI 34.62.12.T8. 


Cannes 

Exceptional flat in one of the 
most prestigious buildings in 
Callfomie with exceptional 
views overlooking the bay and 
the Lerins Islands 4 bedrooms, 
4 bathrooms, large reception, 
large spacious balcony, 
cloakroom, caves, panting 
for two cars, one in garage, 
one open parking. 

Mease contact: 

33 93 39 14 65 

Fax: 93 68 23 26 mot^rxiesi 



. please contact .* 

Sophie PEL I I XE 

htcnwfiDMl IfcreW Tribune 

181, av. Charles dc Gaulle 
92200 Ncuillysur'Scine 

Fax: 46 37 52 12 


■■South of France 

IFor Sale or To Rent 

i with Staff 

J Hasnt chateau. 3 miks Can®* 15 - 

i Drawing Room, Dirun^^^^' 

i 8 Main BeAraitra. 4 Bathroom. 

! 2 Shower Room*. 3 further Guest 

■ Rwwa, Staff Aa^nKvfatton. 

Terraced Gardens and Lawns 
of about I5aciw. 

Crmract PEARSON'S, 

Tel- (44) 71 499 

■HI Fbk(44)7I 491309S 





PROVENCAL VBLA M ST RAPHAEL 

65si*brtt}4fct^0trt4i«IMdi8n4lwtaoo* 

v* Wi or dXWHW^ + 

SStoSS. mua,\ B8a Fra.7 nikn 

Tdtirwf*3JM837281 


= Hows the tin* to buy 

BEAULIEU SUR MER 

small VfUi m period condition 

EZE near MONACO 

Panoramic views fiom modus 


aggfih an, pod, unrtin. FF 4.4Q0JMX). 

CAPFERRAT- 

iigt gm)en of dtros and 
pme trees with YiHi to lerwvwo to 
ytXHapflafratKmt.fr 6^00|000- 


S9BB 



On the 
^ Crobette 
Jr next to the 
•apr Hotel Mottinez. 

IT Penthouse with 
r spectocuIoT views over 
the bay and La Crobette. 

2 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms. 

large sitting /dWng room, 
cloakroom New Interior 
designed and furnished 
to the highest standard. 

Please contact: 
3393391465 
Fax: 93 68 23 26 
(no agenda) 


Cannes 

185 sq.m, rooftop villa with 
sea view and high class 

fittings. Pool, jacuasri 
200 sqm terrace, 2 garages. 
TeL: 93390* 33 
Fa» 9S 46 89 82 


French Riviera ^ 

Breathtaking view on the sea 
and Monte-Carlo 
very private and selected area 
villa 250 sq.m, living space 1.500 
sq m. ground. Exceptional price 
Ff . 5.300.000 
i BREM0ND*D0TTA 
L Td.- J3.932550J5 - FU.- anJO.W Jl 


























. , .... ..IK'-***"., 


Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8,1994 


SPORTS 

Orioles Sweep Mariners, 
Trail Yanks by Half-Game 


Strawberry Called BaBplaym 

. * FW1 1 ■ 


The Associated Press 

Brady Anderson has been 
torrid at the plate lately and the 
Baltimore Orioles are on a roll, 
■which is no coincidence. 

Anderson hit a three-run 
homer and substitute slaner 
Mike Oquist pitched six strong 

AL ROUNDUP 

innings Wednesday night as 
Baltimore, playing at home, 
completed a three-game sweep 


4 victory. 

M I can’t remember too many 
games when he's hit a homer or 
something like that and we 
haven't had success,” said the 
Orioles' manager, Johnny 
Oates. “He has a knadk of find- 
ing some way to help us win," 

Rafael Palmeiro also ho- 
mered for the Orioles, who have 
won 10 of 13 to move within 
one-half game of the first-place 
New York Yankees in the AL 
East It’s the closest Baltimore 
has been to the top spot since 
May 11. 

Anderson is hitting 395 (17- 
for-43) with four homos, 10 
RBIs and 10 runs scored in bis 
last 10 games. The Orioles are 
7-3 in that span. 

His 1 1th homer, his second in 
two nights, capped a four-run 
fourth inning thatgave the Ori- 
oles a 5-1 lead. Thai doomed 
Seattle to its fourth straight 


Ken Griffey Jr. went l-for-3 
with a sacrifice fly. He has gone 
11 games and 44 official at-bats 
since hitting his 32d homer on 
June 24. 

Baltimore got its four runs in 
the fourth cm two hits off Roger 
Salkdd Chris HoHes drew a 


BASEBALL 


Thomas Closes 
On Stalled Griffey 

The Associated Press 

Ken Griffey Jr. may soon be 
chasing Frank Thomas as well 
as Roger Maris. 

Griffey didn’t homer for the 
1 1th straight game Wednesday 
night, while Thomas hit his 
31st, a two-run shot in the ninth 
that helped the Chicago White 
Sox win, 6-2, in Detroit. 

Thomas, second in the AL in 
batting, first in runs scored and 
second in homers, has hit four 
homers while Griffey has been 
at 32 and holding since June 24. 

The White Sox were limited 
to one run and five hits before 
scoring five times in the ninth 
off Mike Henneman. 

Inheriting a 2-1 lead, Henne- 
raan struck out Darren Jackson 
to open the ninth, but walked 
pinch-hitter Warren Newson. 
Mike LaVailiere singled New- 
son to third, and Ozrie Guillen 
tied it at 2 with a sacrifice fly. 

After Lance Johnson's infield 
single, Tim Raines hit a ball just 
over right fielder Junior Felix’s 
glove, scoring pinch runner 
Norberto Martin and Johnson. 

Thomas, who went 2-for-4, 
followed by lining a 2-2 pitch 
into the lower dedr in left field. 





two-out walk, Dwight Smith tri- 
pled and Salkdd walked Mark 
McLemore before Anderson hit 
a 1-1 pitch into the left-field 
seats. 


Major League Standings 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 
East Dtvtstoa 



W 

L 

Pet. 

GB 

New York 

48 

33 

393 

_ 

Bottlmore 

48 

34 

385 

to 

BMtan 

40 

fi 

888 

Bid 

Detratt 

38 

85 

ASS 

u 

Taranto 

35 

47 

-427 

13te 


Ceeiral IMvbba 



Ctovekmd 

49 

31 

313 

_ 

CNCDM 

48 

34 

385 

2 

KmuOfy 

43 

40 

318 

7W 

AUnmrig 

41 

41 

308 

9 

Milwaukee 

39 

4* 

370 

iita 


We*t Dtrfsiaa 



Texas 

40 

43 

382 

__ 

(Wand 

37 

48 

348 

3 

Californio 

38 

49 

XU 

5 

Seattle 

35 

4D 

M2 

S 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 




*9 

L 

Pet 

SB 

Afkxita 

51 

31 

322 


Mcntreo) 

90 

33 

402 

in 

PWtodefeWa 

41 

43 

400 

n 

New York 

38 

45 

498 

13V* 

Florida 

38 48 
Control Dtvbtoa 

492 

14 

Cincinnati 

49 

34 

3M 



Houston 

48 

36 

371 

i» 

51. Louts 

40 

41 

494 

B 

Pittsburgh 

40 

42 

488 

tn 

CWeaao 

34 48 
WestDMstoo 

415 

14 VS 

LasAnaobs 

44 

4D 

324 

_ 

Colorado 

41 

45 

477 

4 

SanDlega 

35 

50 

412 

9V* 

5cm Francisco 35 

50 

412 

9Vk 


Wednesday’s Line Scores 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 

oo nw a nt m nm s t 

Hew York MO DM 100-2 11 8 

Dari km. Lever (7).Aere(S),Eckentev (7) 
and Stetobadi; J. Abbott and Stanley, Notes 
IS). W— OarUna. 7-9. L-d. Abbott *4. 
Sv — Eefccrjjey nil. HRs-OaktamL N«H 
(10), Braslus (7). 

Tara ala BOO on 10—4 » ) 

Mi nnesota 230 M0 Mbr— 5 II 1 

StoWtemvrc and Barriers; Erickson, Willis 
(8), Aguilera <91 and wolbeck. W— Erickson. 
M. L— awmamvr*. 54. Sv— Aaultara 118). 
HR— Minnesota. Puckett (13). 

MRwaaftee on m am- 4 s l 

Kansas ary am am ow— i s ■ 

Samian. Fetters (*) and voile; Surtwff (7); 
Appier, MeacKam (8), Maanant* (91 and 
Moyne. W— Scanlon. 1-i L— Meocham, 1-2. 
Sw— Fetters (»). HRs— Milwaukee, Hibson 
UO). Kansas CHV, Hamelln (14). 

Comma m ioa sw-w m i 

Bes t — 8B2 912 108—8 II 2 

Sprtnaer. B. P ul l e t s o n (6), M. Letter (7), 
Gnaw (9) and Mvera; V—Eamana Bailey 
(7). Fassas (8) and Berrvtail. W— 6. Patter- 
son. 2-X Lr-BaHtfr.0-1. HRs-CotHomta. &>r- 
tts (7), Hadler (71. C. Dovts (17). Myers (1). 
Boston. Dawson (15). Brunonskr (5). 
CMcoffo me am 015 — a 9 • 

Detroit M am W — 2 7 8 

A. Foraor xto . Cook (81. Da Johnson 
McCosKlll and Laval llera. Kariccvlc* (9); 
GuWckson, BDavts (8), Groom (8), Hok- 
mai |9) and Krauter, FTatwrtv (8). W— do. 
Johnson. 3-1. L— Hememan, 1-3. HRs— ctil- 
raoot Thomas (31). Detroit, Fryman (®. 
Seattle 001 ON 281—4 7 ■ 

BcdttOMra 001 480 Ms— 5 8 0 

Saikekt King (5), MJflll (8). T. Davb (7), 
Rlsiev (Bland D. Wilson; Oaubt, Mills m.Le. 
Smttti (9) and Halles. W-Oautst, >2 L— Sai- 


Athietics 4, Yankees 2 : Scott 
Brosius hit a two-urn homer 
and Troy Ned added a solo 
shot as Oakland completed a 
three-game sweep in New York. 

Oakland, 13 games back in 
the AL West on June 13, has 
won 12 of 13 and trails first- 

B lace Texas by three games, 
lew York has lost six of seven. 

New York catcher Mike 
Stanley spent the night in the 
hospital with a concussion after 
a home-plate collision with 
Rickey Henderson. fjj 

Brewers 4, Royals 3: Dave '.4t{ 

Nilsson’s two-run tiebreaking &L 
homer with two out in the pf' 
eighth gave Milwaukee its vie- 
tory in Kansas City. Bob Scan- ' 
lan held the Royals to four bats 
■ in eight innings — the longest 
outing of his career — for his 
first victory since Sept 10, 

1993, with the Cubs. 

Angels 10, Red Sox 6: Cali- 
fornia hit four homers to score 
10 runs for the second straight 
game in Boston. Greg Myers’ 
two-run shot in the seventh 
made gave the Angels a 6-5 **'.y 
lead, then Rex Hudler hit a 
three-run homer shot. 

Twins 5, Blue Jays 4: Kirby 
Puckett hit a two-run homer as 
host Minnesota beat Toronto to 
end a five-game losing streak. 

Indians 13, Rangers 4: Paul 
Sorrento’s three-run homer ' 
highlighted a six-run first in 
Texas and Jack Morris got his ; 

252d major league victory as ' 

Cleveland won for the sixth 
time in seven games. 

Morris moved past Bob Gib- 
son into 36th place on the ca- „ 

reer victory list, allowing three 

runs and five hits in six innings. Darryl Strawberry in Phoenix: An S.OJS. from the majors. 











Vi 




- 

- 

mmmi 



The Associated Press 

Darryl Strawberry; ex-Met, 
. cx-Dodger,: ex-major leaguer, 
has been called up from Triple- 
’• A Phoenix and was scheduled 
ter start Thursday in right field 
for the San Francisco Giants, a 
team tied for the worst record in 
baseball after having been 

~ NLRQjMKJP - 

swept by the New York Mets in 
a three-game series in which the 
losers scored only four runs. 

Their 4-1 . loss Wednesday 
night gave them a record of 3>-' 
50, tied with the San Diego Par 
dres for worst in the American 
and National Leagues. ' 

Strawberry, who underwent . 
drug rehabilitation treatment in 
April and signed with the Gi- 
ants on June 19, has not played 
a big league game in more than 
a year. He played three games 
for Phoenix, going 3-for-10 with 
two homers. 

“He can give us a bona fide 
threat, which he is.” said the 
Giants’ manager, Dusty Baker. 
“A threat can cany you a long 
way. He can help the person 
hitting in front of him. 

The thing pm concerned 
about is his baseball shape and ■ 
endurance,” said Baker, noting 
he may take Strawberry out of 
games early. 

Earlier, team o fficial* said 
Strawberry wouldn't join the Gi- 
ants nntO after the All-Star 
break. Bui their situation —9% 
games behind the Los Angdes 
Dodgers with the season more 
than halfway over — apparently 
necessitated the move. 

The Mets* Bobby Jones 
pitched shutout ball for TVs in- 
nings against them Wednesday, 


w hile Ryan Thompson was ho- 
tnering and Jose Vizcaino was 
getting four Ints for New York. 

- Astras 7, Cardinals d* Jeff 
Bagwell, who missed three 
games with the flu, drove in 
runs in the first and seventh 
Trmings with singles to retake 
the major leaguclcad in RBIs as 
Houston won in Sl Louis. 

'Bagwell has 79 RBIs. The As- 
tros, with their fifth straight vic- 
tory, moved wi thin 1 Yi games of 
first-place CSncannati. 

Martins 4, Re* 3: Defensive 
. lapses by Cincinnati. and pioch- 
hitterGreg Colbmnn’s two-out, 
bases-loaded ningfe in. the 10th 
nxrang helped host Florida end 
ft$idui>game losing streak. 

£spu4, Dodgem 2: Danin 
Fletcher, a former Dodger 
heading to his first All-Star 
game, fait a. two-run homer in 
the ninth in Los Angeles to put 
Montreal ahead, 3-2. Another 
. run scored: on Freddie Bena- 
rides’ ground out despite Los 
Angdes piling its infield in. 

Brins 1; 

Phatesr Kttsbui^hwon the 
opener in Atlanta wuh two runs 
in the bottom of the eighth. 

• 1st the nightcap, Ryan 
Klesko drove in two runs with a 

homer and a sacrifice fly for the 


StrikeDate 

By Richard Justice 

Washington Post Serricc 

WASHINGTON — Major 
league baseball players, taking 
a new and cautious approach in 
their labor confrontation with 
owners, have deckled not to set 
a strike date when they meet 
next week in Pittsburgh. . 

As a result, a strike that once 
appeared likely in early August 
may be postponed several 
weeks, perhaps until mid-Sep- 
tember, or later. 

“They’re dying to provoke us 
into a strike so we k»k like the 
bad guys,” said a source fannKar 

- .a .V — — ilia nl tnukrC . 


. Rockies 7, Cobs 1: Andres 
Galaixaga hit -a three- run 
homer, in a five-nm ninth off 
All-Star reliever Randy Myers 
and Colorado wan in Chicago. ■ 

Padres 5, Fldfies 2: Phfl 
Claik hit a two-nm boner, and: 
BiH Krueger the team's first 
left-handed starter to win since 
2992 as San Diego bealyisiting 
Philadelphia. 


toM.34.SV— LfcSmltti 129). HRs — Bofttmorc. 
By. Anoenon (11), Palmira (IS). 
OOKtaHl 841 882 888—13 15 8 

Texas 108 181 018-4 7 I 

Morris. DIPolo (7). Ullkjutrt (8). Runell (9) 
and & Alomar; Doltmor, Bahanan (1), Dn. 
Smith (3),Carpaater (8). WhtteoMs (8). Haw- 
aii (9| and I. Rodrisua. W— Morris. 8-L 
L— Dottmcr. 0-2. HRs— Cleveland. Sorrento 
(7). Texas, W. Clark (13). C James O). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
Colorado «M 288 888-7 U I 

riilw— 080 881 800—1 10 B 

LoskaMo Reed (OKMunaz (71. Holmes (■]. 
Ruffln (8) and Shaaffer. Glranfl (7 if Tros- 
dwLMvera (9) and Wilkins. W— Leskanic. 1-8. 
L— TIOKML7-8. 5v— Ruffln (14). HRs— Co- 
forwfa Gatomm (34). CWcooa G. HMI (7). 
First Gnaw 

Ptttstarail 880 081 028—1 8 1 

AttOafa 100 088 888-1 7 8 

Z. Sm»v White (8). R. Manmlllo (8L Dvor 
») and SkWBht; Mordtar, Wahiors I8).3«i»- 
tan (8). Bethasfesi (9) and J. Lopez, w— z. 
Smllh. 9-c. I — Wohlers. 5-1. Sr— Over (1). 
HR— Plttsbunih, McClenaan (2). 

Second Game 

Plttetorah BID 881 888-2 8 0 

Attnet a 381 BN B0H-1 I 8 

Wtasnor. BaUard (7). Dewey (7). R. Maiw 
nfllo (7) and Parrish; A very, McMJchoof (91 
and O'Brien. W— Avery, 6-1 L— Wooner, 5-7. 
5v— MeMWmel (17). HRs-MteRmrete J. 
Bell (8). Atlanta, Klesko U6>- 
P M l a delaw a Dio no 808-8 5 l 

508 diovo me m 02x-a 6 2 

west, Stoctimtj (71 and Piaff; Kruoaer, El- 
Haft (8), Hoffman 19) and & Johnson. 
W— Knieaer. M. L-Wtest. 3-7. Sr-Hoffman 
(14|. HR— San Diego. P. Clark 15). 
OndMOBI 068 IBf 008 8—8 9 1 

Florida sn ON BM 1-4 9 0 

nt tamtess) 

R raw. J. Brantley (8), Carrasco (9). McEi- 
ra* (IS) and Taubensee.Dcnelt (9) sGardner, 
Mutb (6). Mateews (7). Y. Perm (9), Nat IN) 


and Santlooo. W— Nea 3-4. L — carrnsav 4-5. 
Hoastoa 280 3N IN-7 11 0 

SL LOUIS 418 080 188-8 It 3 

Orabelu Wes (81. Tajanos (7). Hu** (9) 
end Eusebio; Sutcliffe, Cl martin (8), M. pe- 
rez (7), R. Rodrifluei (7), ArocfiD (91 and Paa- 
naxzLT.McGrlff 191. W—Ta Jones, 3-2. L-R. 
RadrhMMZ. 34. Sw— Hudek 118). 

Now York 2M ON m ~ 4 9 t 

San Francisco ON IN 881— T 4 3 

a Jones, J. Manzanillo (8), Franco (9) and 
Sttnaott; Hldceraoa Borin (7). Frey ( 8 ). M. 
Jackson (91. Bock (9J ml Manwarlna. W — B. 
Janos. 9-7. L— HKharswv3-8. HR-New York, 
Ryaa Ttmianuii (15). 

Montreal in on bo-4 9 • 

LM Aoooia 882 888 880-3 7 • 

P-J.Martbm Scoff (7), Rslas (9) and FtotcK- 
«r; Ke. Cross. Todd worreH w ad Ptazxo. 
W— Scoff. 8-2 L— Todd WWreO, 34 Hfte-Mon- 
fraaL FleWer m. Las Annefev Butter (8). 

The Michael Jordan Watch 

WEDNESDAYS GAME: Jordan went Mtar- 
3 In a M victory aver Huntxvflfe. He filed out 
touted out. reached on an error and walked. 

SEASON TO DATE; Jordan Is 55-for-285 
raid b boffins .191 He has 13 douhtek an* 
triple. 28 RBIs. 32 wolkv 74 strikeouts and 29 
stolen bases hia2 attempts. He has 138 putauhb 
Ihree assists and nine errors In rfofrt field. 



W 

L 

T 

Pet. 

OB 

SelMI 

4Y 

25 

0 

321 

— 

Date! 

. 39 

29 

0 

374 

1 

Orix . 

38 

31 

0 

337 

5VS 

Klntofw 

31 

36 

1 

483 

10VS 

Latte 

30 

30 

0 

441 

12 

Ntopan Ham 

28 

44 

I 

371 

17 


Tborsday's ReseKs 
DoM Z LaHe I 
Kintetsu 8, Nippon Ham « 


A Thtemr Marie. France. Castarama, 37; 1, 
Seai votes. Britain. Motorola. 38; Z Tony 
Roralnacr, Switzerland. MapeL42; 9, Frankie 
Andrew, Untied States. Motorola, 43; VZ 
Thomas Davy, France, Custorama, 43. 

II, MeKhler Mauri, Spain. Banes T o. 45; T2, 
Franca vena, Itatv. GB-MG, ST; rx Marino 
Aknsa Spain, Banesftv 53; U. Chris Baarcf- 
rwm. Britain, GAN,53; 15, Phfl Anderson, Aus- 
tralia Motorola. 54. 


CYCLING 


Central Leavac 

W L T Pet. GB 
Yamlorl « 25 0 M3 - 

Yakutt 38 33 0 SO. 8Vz 

Chunlchl 35 34 0 5V te 

Yokohama 33 38 0 ,471 llVi 

Harwiln 3D so 0 jas 15 

Hiroshima Z7 38 0 415 15to 

Tbersdayte Results 
Hansfdn X YomfuTt 2 
Yotoltt X OtertcW 0 
Yokohama 8. HtnntUma 5 


Tour de France 

nesattt Thanday of the lO-kHaroeter (118- 
aiBe) nflbstoOT oat and bade lea Imm Paris- 
mom*, wtth crcBst. coadry, team and wto- 
ntaa time: 1, Nicola Minafl, Maly. Gewtss- 
Battmv4 hours. N minutes, 49 seconds; 2 Olaf 
Lwfwto. Germany. Telekom, same Mm*f 3, 
aivtoMartinel to. Maty, AAercotofle-Una some 
Hmef A Jon iSverado. StovoWa. Lompre-Pan- 
arta. same time; 3 * DiaraaBdkw Abdoula- 
parov, Uzbekistan. Poftt same lime. 

8, Jmm-Pauf Van Popnel Hoflima Festkw- 
Andoma, same lime; 7, Johan Capiat. Bet- 
atom, T.VJH. same time; B. Jan Klrsliwu. 
Estonia Chami, same Hme; 9, Gianluca Bor- 
totanL Italy, MopeKtos. same time; Hb 
CbrfstoPhe COpelfe, Fnmce GAN. same lime. 

11, Marc Swaeait BeteknaNovemall-IJO- 
ecr. same time; iXAnael Edo, Spain, Keima. 
someti m e; lXAndraf TctenD. Ukraine, Lotto, 
some time; 18.MorioD« Cleratsetolum, U4- 
ta some time; IX TMerrv Gouvenou, Franca, 
GAN, some time. 

Overall Stoodteas: 1. NavtoVbnzalla, Italy. 
gb-mg, 21 hwr& 44 mhwtex 5S seconds; Z 
Johan Musca«iK.Betelum,OB-MG, 4 seconds 
behind; X Mfevef Indurate, spate. Banesto. 
14j A Lance Armstran. United Siofes, Motor- 
ote. 28; X A rmond De Lae Cuevas. France, 
Cnstorama 32 


BASEBALJ. 

’ American Leauae 

BOSTON— Activated Tim NaohrinBUsecoad 
basammv<ram ixdaydbotiiad IM. Sant Nate 
Nttnchey, Pttriier. to Pawt u cket. 1L_ 

NEW^ YORK— Recalled Ross Davb, tofteid- 
er, from Oriumbus. IL. • 

SEATTLE — Recalled Alex Rodriouez. te- 
ftekter, from Jacksanvfife. 5L 

CINCINNATI — Put Jerome Walton, eot- 
Iteider, an IXday dbitotod list itoraoettve fa 
JiRy I. Recatted Sieve itoauts, autfteMer, to 
Inzttanapalte AA. 

COLORADO — Recalled TrcnMad Hubbard. 
autfteMer, fram Colorado sprfnax PCL. Op- 
Doned Brace Watton. Pilcher, to Colorado 
Sntnas. 

FLORIDA— Put Brvan Harvey, pBcheri an 
15-day disabled list, retroactive to June 30. 

HOUSTON— Put Andv Staoklewid Inlleld- 
«r,on isday dbabtad Dst. Recalled Orlando 
Milter, tefbWer, Rom Tucson. PCL. . . . 

SAN FRANQSCO— Bought asdract of 
Dan-yi Sit u wberry . a u f fte lder. from phoenix, 
PCL Put Robbr Tho mp son, second b asem oh. 
an IMav dbabtad Ibt 

' BASKETBALL 
BMHeMd BadwtoaB Aseectettee 

GOLDEN STATE— Named Bab Larder an- 


• NEW YORK— Exer^sedltietoPtlert an can- 
tract at AnttMoy Bonner, forward. Waived 
Ratanda Blocfc m an, nuant 
FOOTBALL 

ATLANTA— Stoned Mbcti Dond^Jbv^back- 
er.to three^ e o r oentrocL t tel e ato d (feadte 
Furuaeon and Kettb Jack, wide recefver s . . 
GREEN BAY— Signed Jamte Dufcm. center. 
HEWOWLEANS — Wohied Thames Orr.ton- 

,i,.i m L r I _ f| ,-fn itelems' ~ r 

nwpOw. ana Jinn JCDvoov OteiuMvc •no. 

NEW YORK— Nanwd Erato Accersf aesto- 
tant aenarol manaaer. P nnn eted Marry 
Holmes to special assistant to Me aonarat 
manaotr. 

■ r : SEATTLE— Aarabd k> terms wtth Jo* Hato, 
def eiut ve tackle. Waived Kevin Morally, Hhe- 
bacher.Slaned Co nester Crump b r .ltobt end. 

TAMPA BA Y Am esd to terms wtttiFHe 
Pterion, otfensfee tackle, onlft i ee y uui con- 
- Iroct - * — 

HOCKEY , 

MLeHHI^^Md UMeheritolmap E 
■™mipnb rmari t-auyNn 

NEW YORK RANGERS — Sinned SDo^n 
Arid ttetanaemon. 

PHILADELPHIA— Stoned Crate MocTd- 
vbh, center, to two-year contract. • 

QUEBEC NORDIQUES— Named Marie 
■ C ra w fo rd cnoOv 

WASHINGTON CAPITALS— 5faped Pafriclc 
Batau detene em o n . to n re t - tms r contract. 
COLLEGE . 

adelphi — J odi Kenyon; womens aaeie- 
tant soccer coach, restarted. ... 

BELLA RMINE— Named Bab Valvam 
mens bqdOritwK coach 
BOWLING GREEN— Homed Ron -Zwtor- 
Wn athletic dlrecfnr. 

CALIFORNIA «Ndmed Lbub DeMeenas- 
etotont shenalh end ccndmo rtml co6Ch and 
Mika Hardvrick video amrdtabtar. 

CARHOL L Ho m ed Pryor Orsef mens as- 
sbtant bariwttxdl coadt, 

CORNEL L warned Puuf Bcckwtth wum- 
ente oymnastlcs coudt 


L “We’re not gping to let theaL* 

: However, the source 4anpha- 

r sized that players will walk off 
t the job sometime this season 
t unless agreement is reached. 

Thcptayers bdfieve they caa- 

■ not afford to enter tbc off sea- 

■ sou without a new contract be- 
cause die owners will declare an 

im passe and "iwlslwslly in>-^ 

: pose a new system that tadudes . 
a hard salary cap. 

Donald Feb; executive di- 
rector of the Major League 
Players Association, said that 
since his side did not receive a 
formal proposal from the own- 
ers until June 14, they have not 

had time (a study it 

Sources said the union is still 
uncertain what the proposed 
' new system would do to salaries 
and is stfll asking the' owners to 
supply more mfonnation. 

- Fefar said he beheves the 
owners , were intentionally late 
wkh the proposal to force a 
confrontation thatwould result 
tnastrike. jhe^ interim commis- 
' sioncr, Bud Seljg of the Mil- 
waukee Brewers, reacted angri- 
h'to diisi “Nodmpg could be 
Anther from the tntth ( ,, hesaid. 

.Fefar and Richard Ravitch, 
drkf negotiate: for tbe owners, 
met Wednesday to discuss a 
host of noneconomic issues 
such as expansion, the amateur 
draft and h possflke marketing 
pnpposaL 

! . tWecScbT discuss the under- 
hdn^ gut issue” of a salary cap, 
Rautch said. . . £ ' 

. Ihree members of tbe Oak- 
land Athletics attended the ses- 
sion and Ravitch said he told 
them bat the overriding objec- 
; tivr; was a need to know the cost 
of labor. 

Fdir said the players will 
make a : proposal next wedc af- 
ter the payers meet Monday in 
Pittsbuigh, site of the All-Star 
Game. . ; 

• '^e\raztetf Iff booths to get 
arexposai from them*” he said 
“We raised questions about the 
proposal they floated We want 
to make sure we understand 
-their proposal and make a thor- 
ough review of wjhafs on the 
table. 

“It’s too som to set a strike 
date and I don’t expect to ask 
for one in Pittsburgh.” 


DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 




























\&p 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 


Page 19 


i- K . 


'■ - 5-1 ,”f- 


-it; 
■V -■ .’3T. 




i The Associated Pnes 
J?U° When the PtotJand 


W at least a different headband 
. It's a possibility” the 6-foot-lD-. 
mdi forward said Thursday when 
was asked if he might substitute 
ms Blazer color headbands with 

ones more fikdy to attract the Jap- 
anese fans. ^ 

^Fot example, one Japanese t6- 

Drikht realising gun. * 

^faybe,*’ came the reply. 
Robrason was in Tokyo with affi- 
nals from die' National Basketball 
-Association to announce that the 
*M1 Blazers would open thar 1994- 
95 season with games Nov. 5 and 6 
against the Los Angeles Clippers in 
Yokohama, just sooth of Tokyo. 

This win be the third time NBA 
teams have opened their season m 
Japan. The Phoenix Suns opened 
. a gains t the Utah Jazz in Tokyo in 
1990, and Seattle played Houston 
in Yokohama in 1992. 

The season openers in Japan, the 
only regular-season games played 
outside of North America by any 
American- professional sports. 
leag^arenoladL 

As in any other regular-season 
game, the results count toward the 
playoffs, and Robinson said that 
when the . Mazers come to play, 
they’ll be an business. 

“It win be a very hard-fought 
game,** he said. ' . 

. The location of the court doesn’t 
make a lot of difference; he added. ' 

“It’s basketball,” he said. “It 
might be in a different country, but 
if s the same game.” 

Robinson raid he had been given 
a few pointers from Seattle’s 
Shawn Kemp about what to expect 
— and aU of it was good. 

“He told me that the fans were 
really supportive, to expect people 
to reaBy get into die game, and 
basically that it was fan,” Robin- 
son said 

For Kemp, of course, opening in 
Japan was fun. Seattle beat die 
Rockets in both of their gmnes. • 
Although the NBA games have 
been a success here — the best seats 
at the last games sold out in just 
two hours - despite a 25,000 yen 
(S250J price lag — the NBA does 
not pm to make them an «mwril 
event. 

“It is very difficult to hold regu- 
lar-season games outside of the 
U.S,” said Jodi Rosenfdd, the 
league’s public relations director. 
“ We f ed hicky to be able to hold 
them here every two years.” 




LeMond Cheered, Minali Wins 


-£8| 


\18L3I 

, ► Vj' v»««. •*# " 3 *V : 

'*»;*- S 4 ,*. . 

y„' 


'*• "" ; v *-<v i ~.- : ■ • ' ' ' -* **** ' 





V- 

' . ■* 

- j- 


Riders in the Tour de France’s fifth sta 
Netapn’s flagship when he defeated the 


Mxrtro Xoi^A^eiKr francc-Preac 

d blithely by HMS Victory, Lord 
i at the epic battle of Trafalgar. 


By Samuel Abt 

Inunuttumal Hmdd Tribune 

PORTSMOUTH, England — They love 
Greg LeMond is Britain, celebrating him 
as the first native English-speaker to win 
the Tour de France, and Thursday morn- 
ing he won louder cheers from the fans at 
the riders’ introductions than anybody else 
in the pack. His victory in 19?>6 remains 
green, as green as the rolling fields around 
Portsmouth. 

But the two Tour stages in southern 
Engl a n d have shewn just how long ago 
1986 is. Even LeMoncTs Tour victories in 
1989 and 1990 seem aotienl now as be 
continues to struggle to regain winning 
form. 

Or simply form, any sort of competitive 
form. 

Wednesday, he lost S minutes, 6 seconds 
when he faded on the final h£Q climb. 
Thursday, he lost 2:46 more and found 
himself in 145th place, 8:53 down, after the 
fifth of 21 daily stages in this 81st Tour. 

While nobody thought he had a chance 
to win the race, the question now is wheth- 
er he can make it over the first mountains 
next week if he cannot malre it over small 
hills now. 

The 187-kilometer (116-mile) stage 
Thursday, a circuit from and back into the 
E nglish Channel port of Portsmouth, 
should have offered few difficulties for 
him. It did not far most of the 181 other 

r emaining riders. 

In a sprint finish, the winner was Nicola 
Minali, an Italian with the Gewiss team. 
Second, fen- the third time in this Tour, was 
Olaf Ludwjg, a German with Telekom, 
and third was Silvio Martinello, an Italian 
with Mercatone Uno. 


Burrell, After Record: ' I Can Run Faster 9 


-The Associated Pros 

LAUSANNE. Switzerland — Leroy 
Bnnell is the wodd*s fastest human again, 
and he can only hope he will keep that 
designation a tittle longer tins time. 

Burrell re-entered the record books for 
100 meters by. bursting to a 9.85-second 
time Wednesday, one hundredth of a sec- 
ond faster than Carl Lewis’s three-year-old 
marlr . 

The 27-year-old Philadelphian s tunne d 
the 13,000 spectators at the opening race at 
the Atirietisshna meet with the first world 
TBOQid on tire Lausanne track. 

BuneHhdd the world record at 9.90 for 
TA months before Lewis snatched it in the 
1991 Tokyo world championships. 

“I came out and said it was a perfect 
day, perfect conditions,” he said. “I react- 
ed well. I knew at about 20 meters I could 
win. At 60 meters I started pulling away. 
As I crossed the finish tine and saw the 
tnne,I said it was incredible.’' 

Bunefi wasn’t modest about his perfor- 
mance; 

. *T stiti feel I can nm faster, and my goal 
is to be ranked Nol 1,” he said. 

Burrdl finished a yard ahead erf David- 
son Exiawa, of Nigeria, and the U.S. cham- 
pion, Dermis Mitchell, both limed in 9.99 
seconds. 

The three times were aided by a wind of 
L2 meters, per second on a warm, humid 


evening. The top allowable tailwind is 2.0 
meters per second. 

“I am not satisfied with my race and 1 
thfnV 1 can beat this record soon,” Mitchell 
said. “Today was Leroy’s day, mine will 
come.” 

Other challenges for the record mil 
wvnf from Lewis, Burrell’s Santa Monica 
teammate and friend, and Linford Chris- 
tie, the Olympic champion from Britain. 

Neither competed Wednesday, appar- 
ently because their asking fees were con- 
sidered too high by meet organizers. But a 
showdown may come at this summer’s 
Goodwill Games in St Petersburg. 

“Carl is probably just as happy as can be 
because we’re good friends and we can 
work together,” Burrdl said. 

The record race was a brilliant come- 
back for Bnnell, who failed to qualify for 
the 100-meter UA team in last year’s 
World Championships in Stuttgart. 

“I was impressed, but not suaprised be- 
cause I ran 9.86 in Texas in April, which 
was wind-aided,” he said. 

That time, although equal to lewis’ best, 

did not qualify for the record because the 
wind of 25 meters per second was above 
the limit 

BurreQ was a member of four world- 
record teams in the 400-meter relay. In 


Minali was timed in 4 hours, 10 minutes, 
49 seconds, a speedy 44.7 kilometers an 
hour, on a cocrf and overcast day. With all 
the leaders matching the winner’s rime, 
Flavio Vanzella, an Italian with GB-MG, 
remained in the yellow jersey. 

Once agpin English spectators showed 
up in vast numbers in the villages, small 
cities and narrow country lanes that the 
riders traversed. The race has been an 
enormous success in England, even if the 
drivers of the many cars bearing team 
officials, tour officials and journalist do 
persist in motoring along on the right 
Wherever the Tour is, it is always France 
— a truism that inspired one of the few 
criticisms during the two-day visit The 
high Tory Daily Telegraph moaned Thurs- 
day morning that the Tour “is, true to 
Gallic tradition, self -obsessed, self-impor- 
tant, self-promoting.” 

It is also the world’s greatest bicycle race 
and the tens of thousands of who cheered 
LeMond during the introductions remem- 
bered that. Sapped by fatigue, stress and a 
lost season last year after he broke a hand, 
the American, who has not won a race 
since 1992, r emains a champion here. 

LeMond looked drawn and weary dur- 
ing the applause and more so at the finish. 
Seeking help, he met before the stage with 
his former coach, Paul Koechli, a Swiss 
who ran the Vie Claire team in 1986, when 
LeMond first won the Tour. 

Koechli, who is a consultant to both 
riders and Swiss journalists now, is consid- 
ered to be an expert on training and condi- 
tioning. Although he did not reveal what 
be and LeMond discussed, it was obvious. 
“My condition now?” LeMond said a 


few days ago at his Gas team's hotel. “It's 
pood but it’s just not super. My condition 
is good," he repeated, “it’s just on the 
uphill there’s a tittle doubt 

“I’m trying to keep my morale up. I’m 
trying to kero my motivation. If I can just 
get through this Tour intact and in health, 
if I can get a tittle rest afterward, I could 
have a very good August with World Cup 
races and the world championship." 

Unbelievably, the three-time winner of 
the Tour seemed to be saying that be 
regards it as no more than a preparation 
race this time. 

Not really, he said, “I still want to try to 
win a stage and have a good Tour. I don’t 
want to give up hope. I've been known to 
make tremendous improvement in a race.” 

He thought briefly about that possibili- 
ty. “It's unlikely HI make tremendous im- 
provement,” he continued, stressing the 
adjective; “but it’s possible. I mean I’ve 
worked hard and sooner or later it’s got to 
come around.” 

But, added LeMond, who turned 33 in 
late June, “I go through each week saying 
it’s over for me, it’s over for me, it’s too 
hard. And then all of a sudden I feel a little 
better and I change my mind.” 

The final question was whether he was 
riding this Tour de France as his farewell 
to the race he decided as a teenager be 
wanted someday to win. 

“I don’t need to say farewell to the 
sport,” he said firmly. “I want to do the 
Tour for myself. 

“I have perfect explanations why I 
haven’t been doing well and, regardless of 
all my problems, I still have a desire to win 
ag ain. And that* s what keeps me going.” 


1990, he won 19 of 22 finals and was 
unbeaten in 1991 until Lewis took the 
world record. He was one of the medal 
favorites in the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, 
but finished a disappointing fifth. 

He only competed in Stuttgart when 
Lewis moved aside to let him compete as 
anchor in the 400 relay. The American 
team won gold. 

The time was slower than the 1987 
World Championship and 1988 Olympic 
times of 9.83 and 9.79, set by Ben Johnson, 
of Canada. But Ins records were canceled 
after he failed a drug test. 

Lewis was training Wednesday at the 
University of Houston. 

“We realize that we can ran faster than 
956. It’s just going to take motivation and 
focus and going out there and doing it. 
Obviously, Leroy has worked to get to 
that,” he said. 

The 1991 100-meter race in Tokyo was 
one of the most exciting sprints ever. Bur- 
rdl thought the world championship was 
his until the end, but a desperate forward 
lean wasn’t enough to beat Lewis. 

Lewis passed Burrell in the last five 
meters to avenge a loss two months earlier 
at the U.S. championships. Burrell was 
timed in 9.88, a time that would have been 
a record, but Lewis finished ahead of him. 






Leroy Burrell in Lausanne: *1 was impressed, but not surprised.’ 


GAY NEW YORK: Gender, 
Urban Culture, and the 
Making of the Gay Male 
World, 1890-1940 

By George Chauncey. 478 pages. 
$25. Basic Books. 

Reviewed by . 

Jameson Currier 

I N the late 1920s Broadway 
was sensed by a “pansy” P 1 ®- 
nonunion- . Flamboyant gay 
mm, also known as “fairies,” 
began to play a more prominent 
rofcin the culture and reputa- 
tion of New York City and 
YTrmes Square in particular. A 
’ popular revolt asaanst the mor- 
al noticing of the Prohibition 
era had led to the transforma- 
tion of the theater district mto a 

tawdry amusement cento-, and 
to uris ts visiting Times Square 
now expected exotica to be a 
part of their experience. Plan- 


BOOKS 


WHAT THEY’RE READING 


• Coin Hjubron, the British 
travel writer, is reading “Red 
Azalea” by Anchee Min. 

“ “Red Azalea’ is about a. 
woman and hex tribulations in 
C|mM during the Cultural Rev- 
olution. That was her stage 
name, because she got involved 
in Madame Mao’s dramas. It’s 
an impressive book.” 

(Barry James, LETT) 



a cy, a part of the diverse street 
culture of the area, began to 
mate their way onstage as im- 
presarios recognized an oppor- 
tunity to draw larger crowds. 

Panties, female impersonators 
and drag queens were soon fea- 
tured in cabaret revues and bur- 
lesque shows. “There was a hand 
on a hip for : every fight an 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 

T HE Retsinger Knockout 
Team Champkmshq) was 
won in a 59-imp victory by 
Ridiard Schwartz of East Eto- 
huret. Queens, Peter Weujtsel 
of Encinitas, California, Sam 
Lev of Forest HiBs, Queens, 
and Michael Pdowan of. Man-.. 

^Sfthe diagramed deal both 
teams reached three no-tnnnpj 
In one room the opening lead 
was a heart to the 
Potowan as Sou* won withtbe 

king. He guessed right by kad- 

£«fu> the spade ace and con- 
tinuing spadeTwhen the queen 
took his ^fde 

3E5r-? w 


fhw time South led a heart briri- 
sdf to the king and ace. East 
pot up the ten, signalling on- 
wership of the nine, and West 
was aMe to return the jack safe- 
ly, frustrating any endplagr- The 
Schwartz team gained 10 imps. 

Most players recognize that a 
passive, short-suit lead against 
three no-trump may be needed 
with a worthless hand. But as 
this deal shows, the same may 
be true whoa partner has a vir- 


led for a awns 
took two diamond tncks and 
anted with a diamond, but 
SJS then play** 1 the kingand 

SaggssF 

-AS&SSS 

worthless, so h= c ^^rhe 

dtfenseby^'l^a^™ 

play developed siffliiany, 


WEST 
1 8 32 
9AJ53 
0 AQ4 
*QJ3 


NORTH 

♦ A7B4 
9862 
OJJ09 
«A10S 

EAST CD) 
4Q3 
VW94 
VB752 
*9863 
SOUTH 

* K J 10 6 
OKQ7 
MC6.3 • 

*R7 4 • 


gag and West wens vulnerable. 

Sftss 1NX Pass 3NJ - 

Pass Pass P*» 

West led the heart three. 


Broadway” onc cohimnist of the 
day quipped. A .controversy 
erupted, however, when Mae 
West announced plans to open 
‘The Drag,” a new play about 
the fi g ht of homosexuals to five 
their lives as' they saw fit. West 
had learned how to write this 
play from the gay men in her 
cast, and tiie intended to put gay 
men onstage portraying gay 

mm. 

Broadway notables saw this as 
a threat to the legitimacy of the 
stage, and attacked the play in 
the press. On Feb. 9, 1927, 

West’s current Broadway pro- 
duction, “Sex,” was raided. West 
was sentenced to 10 days in jail, 
and “The Drag” never matte it to 
the Gay White Way. Two 
months later the New York State 
legi sl atur e amended the public 
obscenity code to include a ban 
on any play depicting “sex de- 
generacy, or sex perversion." 

The ban did not. however, 
curtail the pansy crate. As histo- 
rian George Chaunoey recounts 
in his new book, “Gay New 
York,” a complex study of the 
making of the gay male wodd 
from 1890 to 1940, the pansy 
phenomenon continued, most 
notably on the nightclub circuiL 
The influence of the panties was 
enormous on gay cnknre, mak- 
ing the gay world visible to itsdf 
as weQ as to outriders. . 

Gay fife a century ago was as 
varied as it is today. An exten- 
sive gay wodd began to take 
shape in tine streets, cafeterias, 
saloons and a partme n ts of New 
York with distinctive language 
and customs. Gay men devel- 
oped a highly sophisticated sys- 
tem of subcultural codes — 
methods of dress, speech and 


style that enabled them to recog- 
nize 0 ™ another on the streets, 
at work, and at parties and bars. 

Throughout "Gay New York” 
Chaunoey notes that there are 
many areas far future histo ri ans 
to explore in further detail. Un- 
fortunately, the book has a tbe- 
■risJilra quality, particularly in an 

early section on gender studies, 
and the writing at times is dense, 
ponderous, and heavily annotat- 
ed. Nevertheless, “Gay New 
York” is a monumental and 
multilayered work and, on the 
eve of the 25th anniversary erf 
the Stonewall Riots, a vital 
adrievement in redefining and 


A New No-No in Sumo: 
No More Scalp Implants 

The Associa t ed Press 

TOKYO — Japan’s sumo wrestling as- 
sociation has banned the use of silicone 
scalp implants among short wrestlers 
wanting to meet the minimum height of 
173 centimeters (68 inrihs) required to 
compete professionally. 

The association reached the ruling, 
made public Thursday, after a 16-year-old 
apprentice wrestler had an implant to in- 
crease bis height by about 10 centimeters. 


Former Champ Douglas Hospitalized 


The Asso ciate d Press 

COLUMBUS, Ohio — Former heavy- 
weight champion James (Buster) Douglas, 
34, remained in serious but stable condi- 
tion Thursday in the hospital coronary 
care unit where he was being treated for 
diabetic keto-addosis. 

He was admitted Monday. Diabetic 
keto-addosis is a type of diabetes common 
in children unable to produce insulin. 

At the request of Douglas’ family, no 
other details would be released, a hospital 


spokesman said. He would not comment 
on earlier reports that Douglas had been in 
and out of a diabetic coma. 

Douglas was a 42-1 underdog when he 
won the title in February 1990 with a 10th- 
round knockout of then-undefeated Mike 
Tyson in Tokyo. Eight months later, an out- 
of-condition Dougjas lost his first title de- 
fense in three rounds to Evander Holyfidd. 

Douglas, who fought Tyson at 232 
pounds (105 kilograms) and Holyfield at 
247, is said to now weigh more than 350. 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


Cbauncey’s research is full of 
m te w-B ri ng rev elations and in- 
sights. Of fascinating note are 
the rise of gay bathhouses dur- 
ing this era and the emergence 
of YMCAs into gay folklore as 
social centers for many new- 
comers to the city. C ha n ncey 
also points out that gay life was 
livelier and more open in Har- 
lem than in Greenwich Village. 
Harlem's premiere drag event 
was the Hamilton Lodge Ball, 
the largest annual gathering of 
lesbians and gay men. in the 
city. In 1929, for instance, 3,000 
spectators gathered to watch 
2,000 “fairies'* dance. 

In 1933 newly elected Mayor 
Fiordlo La Guaxdia issued an 
order forbidding the appear- 
ance of drag queens anywhere 
between 14m and 72nd Streets. 
But it was new restrictions en- 
forced by the New York State 
Liquor Authority that essential- 
ly curtailed the public assem- 
bling of gay men and ended the 
pansy pheacRneiKHL 

Although gay men hardly 
disappeared from the city, fra: 
the next 30 years they become 
harder for outsiders to see. 
Even hidden from society, gay 
men woe never hidden from 
one another. And, as Channcey 
shows in his book, it was a more 
“modem” society that fenced 
gay men bade into the closet. 

Jameson Currier, the author of 
"Dancing on the Moon : Short 
Stories About AIDS ” and the 
documentary film "Using Proof: 
'HIV and the Pursuit of Happi- 
ness,” wrote Bus for The Wash- 
ington Post 


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Page 20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 



SPORTS WOItLO 



i 


Crime and Punishment: FIFA Edits the Book 


International Herald Tribune 

PALO ALTO — Those dose io the 
action grow accustomed to the plaintive 
cry of Bora Mflutinovic, the head coach 
of the U.S. team. 

“Hey, arbitral” bellows Bora. "Arbi- 
tro ... Ees criminate *. ” 

Many times, it is hot air. Most offi- 
cials and most players turn a deaf ear to 

Mflutinovic’s unique linguistic contor- 
tions. But the match at Stanford Stadi- 
um on Monday was different. L’arbitro 
from France, the referee J6d Quiniou. 

r xed a sporting crime and expelled 
Br azilian defender, Leonardo. 

On Wednesday, FIFA backed its offi- 
cial to the hilt, banishing Leonardo for 
four matchns. It means the Brazilian has 
played for the last time at this World 
Cup. And, he was fined $8,000. But 

tough jus- - 

tice has Rob • 

hTSSS H ug he, 

fol 


low card for his irritating, shirt-t agging 
provocation to ward Leonardo. 

Nevertheless, FIFA has used the inci- 
dent to endorse the message of this 


World Cup: Thuggery is off the menu; 
players wdl be 


for some 

time. Those of us who regard Brazilian 
soccer as among our best friends were 
appalled by Leonardo's elbow to the 
face of the U.S. player Tab Ramos. 

It took 42 games, it took Brazil, the 
champion of the Beautiful Game, to 
threat™ the fair-play essence of this 
World Cup. And it was done in Ameri- 
ca, new soccer territory, which had 31 
milli on people tuned in by TV. 

Leonardo admitted that, “On the vid- 
eo, it looks deliberate, really bad. But I 
swear to the very depths of my bein& I 
never intended harm to Tab Ramos.” 


protected. 

The ban on Leonardo is tough, but 
had he done on the street what he did on 
the pitch, the law would have been 
tougher. FIFA does not have to prove 
mali ce, or give Leonardo the benefit of 
doubt 

IBs action imperiled another profes- 
sional's livelihood. The pity is that Leo- 
nardo is a fine, athletic, adventurous 
player. His range of movement, his con- 
trol of Che ball, might well have placed 
him among the very best left-backs. 

Off the field, he gives the impression 
of quiet conscience. He spoke as if he 
genuinely cared about footballers run- 
ning for nrillion-dollar contracts while 
the poor in his homeland scavanged for 
su bsist ence. 

FIFA’s retribution is meant to deter 
the use of the elbow as a weapon. Smi - 


out of the game. I have not always 
backed his spetific changes, but stand 
four square behind his motives. 

We have seen at this World Cup a fear 
of official sanction that has liberated far 
more adventurous play. Not because 
greater technique can sprout overnight 
but because those who do possess craft 
and flair are liberated; they dare run 
forward without e xp ect in g to have their 
limbs battered, bruised and broken. 

It was always likely under Blatter’s 
Rule — or, if you Hke, the rules of the 


disciplinary and r e fer ee i ng committees 
— tnftt son 


larly, the fact that a record 195 yellow 
cards and 13 red cards have already 


someone would be given the 

thumb for elbowing. But there have 
been incidences of top referees failing 
lamentably to carry through the new 
dict&L It began in the opening game, 
with Arturo Brizio Carter, a Mexican 
referee champio ned in committee by his 
countryman, the FIFA senior vice presi- 
dent, Guillermo Canedo. 

Brizio Carter has refereed on all conti- 
nents with accomplished control. But 
here, running in the same dehydrating 
heat and humidity as the players, be was 


of intent. But Leonardo's elbow seemed 
to be cocked in advance, and used with 
such force that Ramos was hospitalized 
with a slight fracture of the skull above 
his left ear, and internal bleeding. 

Hie victim was not entirely innocent. 
Ref race Quiniou showed Ramos the yel- 


been issued adds weight to the 
that those who rule soccer from 
really do intend to dean up this sport 
We have only to see the degenerative 
fights, the unseemly brawls of America’s 
baseball parks to realize that a sport out 
of control loses appeal and audience. 

The crackdown on Leonardo, follow- 
ing the banishment of Maradona after 
he failed a drug test symbolizes FIFA’s 
new stance. No mdr, no more. 

Soccer brought this authoritarian 
backlash on itself. I hope, some day 
soon, that the coaches who have instilled 
into an entire generation of players that 
it is smart to negate drill with brutality 
will also get their dues. 

Sepp Blatter, general secretary of 
FIFA and a former Swiss Army colonel 
decided to hound thuggery and cheating 


erratic. He gave the first yellow card to 
Jttrgen K&mer, a German who cleanly 


won the ball with a tackle from behind 
He failed to show any card to Thomas 
H&sster, who viciously kicked the beds 
of a Bolivian. 

Moreover, Brizio Carter later sent off 
the Bolivian forward Marco Etcheverrey 
for kicking out at, but missing . Lofhar 
Matthfius. Hie referee either did not see 
or ignored the forearm that Matthaus 
pat m the face of Etcheverrey. 

Tuesday, this same referee sent off 
Gianfranco Zola, who, again, had tried 
and! failed to retaliate for an earlier fouL 
Than Brizio Carter let off Paolo Maldini 
without censure after Maldini hacked 
down Rasdndi Yclrini as the Nigerian 
raced toward the goal 

Brizio Carter and Syria’s Jamal Sharif 


littered Tuesday’s games with 17 yellow 
and three red cards between them. In 
both matches, the referees committed 
gross errors of judgment 

The previous day, FIFA carried out 
its threat to dismiss referees who err, as 
humans will Kurt Rothhsberger of 
Switzerland and PierLuigi Pairetio of 
Italy were sent home unceremoniously. 
That set alarm bells rin g in g . RSthiis- 

berger is among the favonte referees of 
Blatter; Pairetto is one of the breed of 
h andso mely remunerated Italian refer- 
ees chosen by Paolo Casarin, the former 
World Cup arbiter who advises FIFA. 

For Pairetto, the hunuHation of being 
sent home is serious. He happens to be 
the trade union leader of Itafys referees, 
a group regarded as the model for a 
future professional approach to referee- . 
mg. 

I sawa great deal or expert officiating 
from ROthlisberger and Pairetto. But 
one error each, bad ones, they are shown 
FIFA’s red card. This, surely, is self- 
defeating. •’ 

FIFA, Blatter and . Casarin chose 
these referees, FIFA changed the terms 
of contract, moved the goalposts in 
terms of interpreting the rules. So the 
failing s of fallible humans reflects on 
FIFA itself. If it chooses the refs, and 
the refs were failures, there may be 
sane thing wrong with die judgment or 
the system of selection. 

By publicly, instead of privately, 
standing these re f u ees down. Blatter 
has added humiliation to failure. Not 
only does rhfc ridicule ambi tious indi- 
viduals, not only most it damage their 
egos, it stands as a warning to those who 
aspire to the top. 

That may have repercussions. Those 
who stay become frightened, those who 
go may not return. “Arbitro ... Ees 
c rimmalo T 


Rob ffi gfca it m the naff of The Them. 


Vogts’ Risk on ‘Gray Wolf 5 Pays Off for Germany 



Fernando Hierro, a 


(kcip(Mid/A|NttFMrtat 

in Massachusetts. 


By Steven Goff 

Washington Pan Seen or 

CHICAGO — In the days 
before the World Cup, Germa- 
ny’s coach, Berti Vogts, began 
to wonder if be had set the right 
combinations for his defending 

phamp i nryi if ha had mprl p 

derisions about his young play- 
ers and, in one de vilish thought, 
if it made sense to bring bade a 
34-year-old forward nicknamed 
“Gray Wolf,” whose greatest 
days seemed well behind him. 

Rudi VBfler, one of the most 
beloved German players ever, 
had announced his retirement 
bom the national team in Octo- 
ber 1992. He had a runner-up 
trophy from the 1986 World 
Cup and a championship honor 
from four years agp. IBs career, 
be said at the time, would be 
limited to his professional dub, 
Olympique Marseille, in Franca 

But earlier this year, as he 
began to put the finishing 
touches on his 22-man roster, 
Vogts found a soft spot, a sliver 
of vulnerability in an otherwise 
solid lineup. He needed another 
scorer, a veteran to complement 
the newest star, Jurgen Klins- 
mann. V6Uer, who started his 
inter nati onal career when some 
German players were only 
dreaming about the World Cup, 
was the answer. 

It wasn’t difficult for Vogts, a 
fo rme r n ational team star him- 
self, to convince VoOerto return. 
“After one glass of white wine,” 
the coach said with a twinkle in 
his eye, “things were okay.” 

And now, as Germany pre- 
pares for Sunday’s quarterfinal 
against upset-minded Bulgaria 
at Giants Stadium, things are 
better than okay for Voller. 

Saturday, in ins fust start of 
the tournament, he needed only 
sax min utes to put his team 
ahead of Belgium in a round-of- 
16 match. A minute later, be 
threatened a gain, stin ging a 
short header that tested the 
goalkeeper. And later in the 
first half, after setting up Klins- 
mann’s go-ahead shot, his head- 
er provided Germany with a 
two-goal lead. 





Rsbono p tot. 


Rudi Vofler, the German striker, stretched before a practice io Hinsdale, Illinois. 


wanted to be ready. I knew my 
hour would come.” 


“1 knew 1 wouldn’t be able to 
play in all seven games,” VdUer 
said about the prospects for 
playing every match if Germa- 
ny reached the championship 
game. “But if my turn came, I 


VOIler’ s return adds another 
solid link to the Ger man ma- 
chine. Klinsmann, who has 
scored in every match so far, 
has been the main target of op- 
posing defenses. 

But now that he is reunited 
with his striking partner from 


the 1990 World Cup, there may 
be too many scoring threats for 
one defense to handle. With 
VOller playing all the way for- 
ward, Klinsmann is able to sit 
back a few strides and use his 
imagination to create as well as 
score. 

“We work wdl together,” 
said Klinsmann, 29. “We know 
the way each other moves, we 


know where we want the balL 
T here ’s a blind understanding 
between us.” 

A brilliant examp le of tha t 
unspoken c ommunic ation oc- 
curred Saturday on Klins- 
mann’s first- half goal Voller 
passed to Klinsmann in a tight 
space. Klinsmann niftily re- 
turned the ball with his heel 
VOIler darted past two defend- 


ers, hurdling the second to 
avoid, being tripped. The ball 
rolled into open space, but 
VOUer knew it was right where 
Klinsmann wanted it Voller 
gave way, and in a flash, Klins- 
mann nailed a hard-shot along 
the turf into the far eraser of 
the net. 

“I could see in practice that 
Rudi was ready,” said Vogts, 
who in the first round had 
called on the veteran for rally a 
29-minute stint against Spain. 
“He gave our a different 
spirit.” 

The performance moved 
VOUer into second place on 
Germany’s all-time scoring list 
with 47 goals in 89 appearances, 
surpassing Karl-Heinz Rmn- 
menigge’s.45 tallies. He proba- 
bly never win catch Gerd Mail- 
er, the German superstar of the 
1970s who had 68 goals in only 
62 matches. But then again, few 
players are given the opportuni- 
ty to come oat of retirement to 
play in the World Cup. 

In the 1986 tournament in 
Mexico, VOUer scored three 
in the first round 
itland, in the semifinal wm 
over France and in a loss to 
Diego Maradona and Argenti- 
na in the final 

In Italy four years ago, he 
scored during easy first-round 
victories over Yugoslavia and 
the United Arab Emirates. 
And, although the G ermans 
went on to win their third world 
championship, VOBer is best re- 
membered by some for an inci- 
dent in the second round 
against the Netherlands. 

The Dutch star, Frank Rij- 
kaard, was given a yellow card 
for tripping VOUer, who then 
argued that the infraction de- 
served a red card. On tire ensu- 
ing free lock, Rijkaard ap- 
proached VOIler and spit on 
him. Both were ejected. 

Two years later, VOUer re- 
tired from the national team. In 
1993, he helped Marseille win 
tire French League title and the 
European Champions Cup, 
honors that were later taken 
away becanse of match-fixing 

allegations. 

But when Vogts came calling 
in May, Voller was ready to 
return. “It was a great feding to 
play for my country again;’* he 
said. “And it is a greater feeting 
to help my country win again.* 


Italy vs. Spain: On Both Sides, 

a 




By Ian TTiomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

BOSTON — Sflvio Berlus- 
coni bolds to the theory that 
soccer dubs will overtake the 
nati onal tpamc in terms of pop- 
ularity — that someday the peo- 
ple will fed more kinship to the 
dub he owns, AC Milan, than 
to Italy. 

It’s become quite an incesto^ 
ous (tf not hypocritical) point of 
view, considering that the 
"Forza Italia” party slogan 
which elected Berlusconi to 
prime minister this year was 
borrowed directly from the Ital- 
ian national soccer team. 

If it turns out, however, that 
Berlusconi is tire visionary he 
makes himself out to.be, then 
ps the decentralization 
nations to chibs is bap- 
before our eyes. Here on 
y, Italy will meet Spain 
in a quarterfinal of the World ■ 
Cup. Just seven weeks ago, Italy 
effectively beat Spain, 4-0, in 
the final of the European 
Champions Cup in Athens. 

Tbm, tire score was AC Mi- 
lan 4, Barcelona 0. 

Now that result has added 

meaning. Italy used seven Mi- 
lan players in its opening 1-0- 
lass to Ireland three weeks ago, 
though only five figure to be 
available Saturday. As for 
Spam , its coach, Javier Clemen- 
te, has recast his team by select- 
ing nine Barcdona players as to 
just three from Real. Madrid. 
It’s hard to argue with Clemen- 
te's changes, as Spain had faded 
to move past tire quarterfinals 
since 1950. 

“I have said it before and I 
still think so — Barcelona play- 
ers are the best around,” Cre 
mente said. “They are without 
doubt the best aQ-ariniriders, 
technically and in terms of 
speed and strength.” 

Their club coach, Johan 
Cruyff, said as much just two 
months ago. Indeed. 12 Barce- 
lona players have advanced to 
the last eight of tire World 
— including Rom&rio of Bi 


Rrmaldj&oeman df&eNe&e^' Baggio. But Baggio, unlike Sa- . " 
lands arid HrisCo Stuiidjkw of ..vicevic. hasn’t been able to in- 
Bulgaria. Thtf i ti a fftfhg . 'attffcK- ^vent Ms own shots,. He prefers 
mg - Banxk)n£ styfe deSodafc v^ crests them for others, and 
from the “total football” or- n Him have Iwrfcad ihe cnn. 
chestrated' by Cruyff ftk the- fjdfcnce to finish — including 
Netherlands w bar Tic was tire' striker Particle Massaro, who 
woritTs best player m the 1970s. seated twice against Barcelona, ' 

Yet Milan, to tire defight of The raw* and the star have . . 


Italy*s coach, Ariigo Sacchi, 
turned out to be much more tire 
efficient team that nig ht. 

Sacdn, of course, Used to 
coach Milan, his reputation 
built upon Milan's Dutch eraof 
Ruud Gullit, Marco Van Bask 
ten and Frank ‘Rijkaard.; 
Though Sacchi has failed to re- 
create that glory with the na- 
tional team, tire-country saw 
hope in Milan’s upset of Barce- 
lona. Tbat night, Milan was 
lacking some of its best parts: 
Van Basten, to ngnry; French 
striker Jean-Pierre Papin, who 
newer panned out .with JM 
riridfi 


slow to recover from. an auto- 
mobile accident, and central de- 
fenders Franco Bare si and 
Alessandro Costacnrta, sus- 
pended for previous yellow 
cards. ’’ ' r " 


ram- 
been 
as 


The HaUan trend of 
ing better wirh less 
carried into the Wqdd 
both of Italy’s victories 
come .shorthand**!, including 
the seqond 7 i 9 uhfL 2 -l comeback 
‘“inst Nigeria that began in 
final two urinates. It teems 
the Italians can excel 


bfett demanding more fnjm 
each other. and so neither has 
been happy. - 

' U I embraced Sacchi after 
scoring tire winning goal be- 
: at that point we avoided a 
— 1 - that be could be 
L a finished coach and Bag- 
_.an unsuccessful player, 
said Wednesday from 
tireteam camp in New Jersey. 
“Unfortunately only tire result 
counts, in tire World Cup, and 
tire difference between a good 
.and had performance is often 
very thin, decided in a second 

by $ gpsaL” 

Spam might be better as well 
to hire in Barcelona whole — if 
that means getting Romirio, 
Stoitchkov and Koeman. With- 
out them, tire Spaniards have 
lacked aleader, and Clemente is 
not the type to apply Cruyffs 
all-out attack. Only in its 3-0 
second-round victory over 
Switzerland has Spain begun to 
examine its potential Come 


, jf. 

: i.. 


! its poten 

Saturday, both sides, like inher- 
itors,. .wul be looking to estab- 


as 


only when such 
aie removed. Fabio C&peUo, the 
MSan coach, agreed that Milan 
won so fredy two months ago 
partially' because itWas'ffieuh- 
dexdog fra the first -time in 

y** 1 *- . 

. What Sacchi now lacks, how- 
ever, is tire overwhelming ririd- 
fiddpresenoeof Mated Desail- 
ly, the huge, Frenchman who 
corraled his teammates and in- 
tumdatad'BaiedaBa. Noideubt 
Sacchi hoped that the individ- 
ual brilliance of Mflan’s 'Serbi-" 
an striker, Dejan Sa vicevic, 
would be : recreated m.Roberfo 


■fibrils own identity once and 
far all 

Before leaving, their prime 
minister had warned the Ital- 
ians to wm the World Cup, oth- 
erwise; “HI cut up your, pass- . . 
ports so you can’t return*,.', 
home.” Had Sacchi imag ined ' 
that he would ever be working 
fra Beriusconi again? 


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WORLD CUP WRAP-UP 


Compiled by Our Staff Frrm DupaKha 

Ireland’s team was given a 
rousing welcome borne Thurs- 
day at the start of a day-long 
party at first postponed because 
the players and manager want- 
ed to stay in America. 


Prime Mnristo- Albert Reyn- 
olds was at Dublin’s airport 
with thousands of fans to greet 
the 19 players and their English 
m a nag e r . Jack Charlton, who 
woe persuaded to attend their 





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welcome home parry through 
discreet official pressrae. 

Charlton^ who at first said he 
could not crane because of a 
contract to-tio tabuku com- 
mentary wade, scotched' specu- 
lation thatfce wottjd resign. Iris 
team haring been knocked out 
of the tournament by the Neth- 
erlands in fire second 'roorid. ' 

“I wffl alg K ^aLjSFtamly stay 
on and takeus tio the European 
Chanqrionsfi^? >m 199$ he 
said. 


anot her, saying, “When we 
were at our best, they cut the 
legs out from under ine.” : 


• ArgpntH^^ coach, ;Alfio 
Basile, said hn would step down 
because of 4hp two-time cham- 
pion's ouster. 

“We ‘alf’wfiiiaed with>grdri 
hopes of ge fide,” Ba- 
sile, 51, said .after returning 
fiom the Utri^Sa^ ^ntl 
Jive .in tins ctftn&&ig&ere fits 

Kiihwiii rwiAa rl m~i ■*> ' t i nffi ninnt ** 


DiegD 
m-Bueaofc 
saying that 


derived 
point 
bntyohe 



wTIre president of FIFA, 
Jodo Havdange, said an inter- ' 
view with the' Spanish sports' 
paper As that he would ensure 
that “Maradona will not be 
pu nis hed too heavily, in such a 
way that; at .his. age it would 
/race him to retire.” 

• Ladbrokes, the British., 
bookmaker, rated Brazil a 13-8 
favonte to win tire title July 17, 

With def ending ehnitmio n Qgr- 

many at 4-lithe same as Italy.i. 

Spain was posted at £-1, this#- 
Ronrama and ihe Netheriands 
at .10-1; Sweden at 14rl and 
Bulgaria at 20-1. - • 

• Emri KostoiinWj the FC . 
Forte? striker- whose partersfrip 
"Si™ Hriste Stoichkoy has put : 
Bolgsriain the quartcrfiaals, is ' 

set to jran Atlfetico Madrid' 

as Tm eoncenied itiS; 
Mttled,” he said. “Tlredubs just . 

on afnice.*’ "■ 
pLf, Raders, AFP.f- 


| _ -'7r i -t • 


Tt'TTTT 




Page 21 


- -tfv 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 


WORLD CUP 


* Flamboyant Romano Upstages Mild-Mannered Babeto, Off the Field 


By Randy Haivey ■ 

Lw Angela Tbna Sente 

LOS GATOS, California — The, far- 
ward is poised in front of a Brazilian f 
set to strike a hafl that appeals as if it ' 


The words with the advertisement read: 
Tine mood of a country' usually swings 
with -the economy. The mood of Brazil 
swings with Bebeto’s right foot,” 

But before yourash out in pursuit ol the 
advertistff ’ s product, consider thi« scene: 

. hi the path leading fnmi the field to 

dressing roams, at Stanford Stadium, a 
stage has been constructed from winch 
players, and coaches can deliver words of 
wisdom lo the worid’s soccer media. 

Thai is what Bcbeto is doing, articulate- 
ly explaining the ferer points of BrazjTs 2-0 
victory over Russia, m the Worid Cop-’s 
first ropnd, when his partner at forward, 
RomArio, saunters pasLSuddenly, JScbcto 
is atone as dozens of Brazilian reporters 
turn and follow Rom&rio up the stuns and ; 
to the door of the team bus, wbere hc 
finally bestows on them two sentences be- 
fore disappearing insid e . 

Is there any question about who is the : 
man a mon g the boys from Brazil? As Bra- 
zflians say, each team' needs: a sin ging 


rooster; and on this team it is Ronririo 
Souza de Faria tdtosings. 

- 7 : -toiaferwews; which have been few and 
^between at the team’s heavily secured 
Villa Felice bead quarters here, he has ad- 
mitted that he is an -egotist. But as the 
player most relied on by Ins tcammates to 
sddre, he' says — almost apologetically — 
he must assume thosethanu^enstics to be. 
dEfewwe. 

: If it is a role, it is one he refishes. He 

' srtfc atiention with the same intensity as 
he seeks . a seam in the defense. — .getting 
married , in 1988 to his I7-y ear-old girl- 
fiiojd White s tanding tm a lodd stadimn’s • 
penalty spot in a ceremony lhal was. tele- 
vised five, calling Hving legend Pdfe senile 

and “a museum pieceT and convenmg. a 

press conference to announce his refusal to 
sit in his assigned seat nest to Bebcto on 
the team plane. Besides, he said; he wanted 
ayrindow seat. 

t - Alrimnrfi Romdrio often offers unsolic- 
ited advice- to his coaches about who 
should and should not be playmg, he ac- 
knowledges that Bebcto belongs alongside 
hhn m Brazil's lineup. Thar does nptmean 
RomfcriO tins to. Wke him 

They are unrelenting rivals in Siam’s first 
diviaon, where Romano, 28, plays for tradi- 


tional power FC Barcelona, and Bebeto, 30, 
for upstart Depoittvo de la Coruna. 

But .the rivalry began more than a de- 
cade ago, when they were correctly identi- 
fied as two of Brazil’s rising stars, and, 
according to team nffi rials, stemmed from 
a personality dash. 

For evidence of that, look no further 
than their lifestyles in Spain. Bebcto is a 
devoted family man who brought his 
housekeeper from Brazil to Spain so that 
the lives of his wile and children would not 


Ronririo also is married and has two i — 
drish, but he and his best friend, Barcelona 
teammate Hristo Stokhkov of Bulgaria, 
are vigorous participants in the city's mid- 
nigbt-to-dawn nightclub scene. 

. Evenmrecem kidnap inddents in Brazil 
involving the families of both players, Ro- 
mirio’s was more dramatic. 

Reputed mobsters tried to kidnap Bebe- 
to’swife and brother, but five others actu- 
ally did abduct Romfirio’s 62-year-old fa- 
ther, Edevair Souza de Faria. Demanding 
ransom, of $7 million, the abductors held 
him for six days before theywere caught 
by police. Not only did they not harm mm, 
they provided him with a mattress, cold 
beer and a television so he could watch his 
son play a game in Spain. 


But although it is convenient for the 
media to paint contrasting pictures of the 
two strikers, they are not so different as it 
appears on the surface. Roznirio flaunts 
his impoverished childhood, speaking of- 
ten of the Rio de Janeiro shantytown 
where he grew up and the coins he earned 
by washing car windshields at stop lights. 
Jos6 “Bebcto” Roberto Gama de Oliveira 
does not talk as much about it, but he also 
grew up poor in the provincial city of 
Salvador. 

Both also are secure enough in their 
talents to speak out against their coaches. 
After leading Brazil to the silver medal in 
the 1 988 Summer Olympics, they protested 
bitterly when Sebastiao Lazaroni used 
th em for a combined total of only 72 
minutes during the 1990 Worid Cup. 

Bebeto was so put off by LazaronFs 
successor as the national coach, Paulo Ro- 
berto Falcao, that he quit until a new 
coach, Carlos Alberto Parreira, was hired. 
The injured party then was Rom&rio, 
whose complaints when left out of the 
lineup for an exhibition game against Ger- 
many were so divisive that Parreira sus- 
pended him for nine months. Brought bade 
to the team for the final Worid C 
tying game against Uruguay, 
scored both goals in a 2-0 victory. 


The ability to score is something else 
Bebeto and Romano have in common. 
After Bebeto led Spain's first division in 
1992-93 with 29 goals, Ronririo led last 
season with 30. In the first round of this 
Worid Qip, RomArio had three of Brazil’s 
six goals and precipitated another when he 
was fouled in die penalty area. Bebeto had 
one goal and one assist, but at least one 
opponent said be thought Babeto was a 
more valuable player than Romirio. 

“Bebeto can do more," Samuel Eketne 
Ndiba, a defender for Cameroon, said af- 
ter a 3-0 loss to Brazil "He can create 
thin g s with his dribbling and crossing 
passes. He’s more athletic. He is more than 
just a goal getter." 

Bebeto, at S feet 10 inches and 145 
pounds, is quick, agile and so adept with 
tlw baB that Pel6 has suggested be should 
be the play-making midfielder. If he has a 
weakness, it is that defenders can knock 
Him off the ball — if they can catch him. 
When they do, he often whines to the 
referee. Ram&rio stuck him with the nick- 
name charao, or crybaby. 

Romirio, by contrast, stands only 5~ 
feet-6-inches, but be weighs 154 pounds 
and cannot be pushed around. His weak- 
ness is that he seldom will go searching for 
the ball, but when it comes to Him he can 
be devastating. 


“I stand there,” he says, "pretending I 
am dead." 

Parreira calls him “the king of the penal- 
ty area." 

Romirio stOl advises Parreira on the line- 
up. When Pete recently said that Romirio 
should let the coach coach, Romirio re- 
sponded by calling Pdfe “menially retarded" 

But Parreira has learned to let RomArio 
be RomArio. The forward, who says that 
practicing is a waste of calories, was ex- 
cused from the team’s final tr ainin g ramp 
before leaving for the United States be- 
cause he wanted to play volleyball on the 
beach with friends. 

Asked recently if RomArio is a problem, 
Parreira said, “Yes, he’s a big problem — 
for the other team." 

RomArio has tried hard to become a 
team player for the World Cup. 

“I know I am a difficult guy,” he says. 
“It's because I’m authentic. I say what 1 
think to your face. But the other players 
like me because they know that if RomArio 
does well, the team will get results. Pve 
been telling everybody that I'm ready to 
give my blood for this Cup." 

So far, he has fit in wen with bis team- 
mates, playing drums for their improvisa- 
tional samba band. As long as he continues 
scoring, it does not matter if he marches to 
a different conga. 




e to Survive? 


By Alex Yararis 

" New York Times Service : ' 

EAST RUTHERFORD, 
New Jersey — Bulgaria came to 
the United States without a vic- 
tory in 16 games in five previ- 
ous Worid Cop appearances. 
They were the last of the Euro- 
pean countries to qualify, and 
they did that by scoring a goal 
in the last 10 seconds against 
France in Paris. 

When theywere shut out by 
Nigeria in their first game of 
this year’s finals, it looked as. if 
the Bulgarians would poll their 
same cud fast fade: two more 
losses in the first round and off 
they would go into the Balk™ 
sunset. 

So why is Bulgaria one of the 
eight countries left in this 
World Cup when 16 other 
^Countries with more impressive 
soccer c redentials have been 
e&mhuued from the quadrenni- 
al tournament? 

Bulgaria’s surprising success 
has bem enhanced by the dan- 
destine atmosphere suxTound- 
; its efforts. ThCTarethemost 
lt-Dpped bunch in the tour- 
nament. Not only have they 
dosed most of their practices, 
they have seldom made them- 
selves available to the media. 
And they have not been exactly 
forthcoming with tournament 
organizers either on the release 
of team information. 

One of the reasons for all the 
secrecy, according to a source 
dose to the team, is the con- 
stant in-fighting between the 
delegation’s brass and the 
coaching staff andpkyexs. 

Reticence and off-stage bide- 


ts surged into file final eight 


ym i ii.h MV* 

ermany scheduled for Sunday 
. Giants Stadium. 

Just how did Bulgaria do it? 
Hie factual answers to the 
restkm are easily identifiable: 
recce, Argentina and Mexico, 
ic countries Bul g a ri a defeated 
i that order. - But the deeper 
ispiratkm for the victories has 
jme from players fike Hristo 
loichkov aid Borislav MIhay- 
v and the team’s coach, Dam- 
ir Penev. 

Staichkov, 29, a crafty play* 
■atffr and scorer who has led 
arcdcma to four consecutive 
ties in the Spanish League, has 

ie nerves to go with his scoring 
rowess. He scored the tone 
Dal in regulation in the second- 
mnd victory against Mexico 
ad was dfsigr^ted to be the 
ist player to take a penalty 
ick for Bulgaria. 

But Stoichkov didn’t have to 
diver on that promise because 
is teammates built an insnr- 
lountabie 3-1 lead lead on the 
enalty kicks. „ 

“I’m very glad we won, 
toichkov said. “It doesn’t mat- 
ae bow we won.” 


Mihaylov, 31, the . reliable 
goalkeeper, embodies thephoo- 
mx-hke qualifies of fins myste- 
rious team. In 1986, Mihaylov 
was suspended from the nation- 
. al team for fife by .the Commu- 
nist Party’s central committee 
for fais mvritvement m a violent 
match between the country’s 
two top teams, Spartak JLefsky 
and CoKA. 

Bulgaria’s soccer authorities 
..defied the government and lift- 
ed the ban later, that year, al- 
lowing Mihaylov to play for 
: Bulgaria m the 1986 Worid Cop 
in Mexico. Mihaylov did little 
to justify the federation's belief 
in him in 1986, with a 2-0 loss to 
Mexico his biggest setback. 

But here, against Mexico, he 
was marvelous. Appearing in 
hi&74fia match far Bulgaria. Mi- 
haylov pushed aside two Mexi- 
can . pe nalty kicks.' 

... “Tins Is the greatest success 
foe Bulgaria and its people,” 
Mihaylov said. “We played our 
best? 

Like the vast majority of the 
Bulgarians, Penev is a man of 
few words. But he is a master of 
soccer strategy and adjustment 
_ In a classic example of his 
coaching deftness, Penev 
switched his nephew, LubosLav 
Penev, from midfield to attack 
to play behind Enril Kosta- 
dmov in last November’s last- 
chance qualifying game in Par- 
is. 

The two players, who have 
been dose friends, combined 
for Rostadinov’s deciding, goal 
with 10 seconds left that earned 
Bulgaria a ticket to the World 
-Cop in the United States. 

Once here, Bulgaria stum- 
bled out of the gate a g ai n st Ni- 
geria, but gained confidence by 
beating Greece. But it was then 
second-rouud victory against 
Argentina last Thursday night 
that seemed to inspire a coun- 
try. 

“After the win against Ar- 
gentina,” said midfielder Ior- 
dan Letchkov, “there was talk 
in the streets of Bulgaria that 
we’re going to the finals.” 

It was Letchkov’s penalty 
kick against Mexico's goalkeep- 
er, Jorge Campos, that sealed 

Bulgaria’s won m the first penal- 
ty-lock tiebreaker in this Worid 
Cup. 

Victory has had a way ofeas- 
ing tension within the B ul g ari a n 
camp, but only so far; they 
stayed rip so late celebr a t in g 
their victory over Mexico on 
Tuesday night at their isolated 
hold to Princeton, New Jersey, 
that Penev gave the players 
Wednesday off. 

But when the players raged 
the delegation’s officials to 
move the team to a hotel doser 
to Manhattan, the officials de- 
cided to keep the team in 
Princeton. 



Soccer Complicates 
The Most Logical 
Sports Reasoning 


Agcnce Fnmoe-Pn3K 

Dutch soccer playere and their wives waited on the tarmac in Orlando, Florida, wide their was plane was searched. 

Bomb Joke Backfires on Dutch Reporter 


&mpikd by Ovr Staff From Dispatches 

AMSTERDAM — A Dutch journalist 
whose joke that his bag contained bombs 
arid guns had caused the Dutch team’s 
plane to be grounded lor nearly five hours 
in Orlando, Florida, was ordered home 
Thursday. 

“We have called Lex Muller back," said 
WDlem Vergeex, deputy editor of the daily 
Algcmeen Dagblad. 

Dutch preparations for its quarterfinal 
against Brazil were thrown into disarray 
Wednesday when the sportswriter, flying 
with the team, told airtight attendant injest 
that he had a bomb. 

That lead to an extensive search of the 
p lane at the airport in Orlando, where the 
Dutch team has its training camp. The 
tram, which finally arrived in Dallas with- 
out Muller, had to practice at dusk at the 
Southern Methodist University practice 
facility instead of during the afternoon. 

“The whole day schedule was a mess 
because of it,” goalkeeper Ed de Goey 
said. 


Instead of leaving Orlando at 11 A_M. 
EOT as scheduled, the chartered Boeing 
727, with 163 people aboard, was towed to 
a remote area of the airport, where bomb- 
sniffing dogs checked over the aircraft and 
die luggage- No bomb was found and the 
plane finely took off at 4 P.M. 

Authorities took Muller, 54, seriously 
when he made the joke, and then took him 
into custody for questioning. Dutch soccer 
federation officials said he was released 
late Wednesday after the embassy inter- 
vened. 

In the United States, it is both a state 
and federal offense to make a false bomb 
report, even jokingly. 

“They don’t have a sense of humor," 
said the Dutch press officer, Gerd StoDc. 
“It’s as if they cannot tell the difference." 

A flight attendant asked Muller to put 
his cany-on bag in the overhead bin, "he 
didn’t want to do it, and he told her it had a 
bomb in it,” said Police Sergeant Mike 
Holloway. “She told him, *Sir, don’t even 
joke about that We take that very serious- 
ly.’ And then he said it again.” 


The flight attendant reported that Mull- 
er then said he had a gun in the bag. 
Holloway said Muller told police be actu- 
ally said there was no gun in the bag. 

The flight attendant told the pilot, who 
notified authorities and evacuated the 
plane. 

“It certainly wasn't smart, but we are 
getting used to such problems,” said the 
Dutch team’s captain, Ronald Koeman. 

It was the third delay involving an air- 
plane carrying the Dutch, and all involving 
journalists. 

As the team trained in Canada before 
the Worid Cup began, its plane was divert- 
ed fra several mues, apparently because 
the use of personal computers by journal- 
ists aboard had affected the navigations 
system. 

After its opening game in Washington, 
the *ft«m had to make an emergency land- 
ing because a journalist got sick on the 
plane. 

“In the end, jokes were made about it,” 
De Goey said. "Tomorrow is another 
day." (Reuters, AP) 


2 More Arrested in Escobar Slaying in Colombia 


CaapOed by Oir Staff Frtm Dispatches 

BOGOTA — The national 
prosecutor-gtsnentTs office said* 
Wednesday it had three sus- 
pects under arrest fra the mur- 
der of soccer player Andris Es- 
cobar, nod insisted the shooting 
was not premeditated. 

One man, Humberto Mufi6z, 
has already confessed to shoot- 
ing Escobar outside a Medellin 
night dub last Saturday. 

' The other two suspects, 
brothers Pedro and Santiago 
Gallon, were being held as ac- 


complices to the killing, a 
spokeswoman for the prosecu- 
tor-general’s office said. 

Escobar was killed after an 
argument with a group of peo- 
ple said to have been angered 
by the goal he accidentally 
scored against his team during a 
match in the Worid Cup. 

Drag traffickers allegedly bet 
millions of dollars on the team 
and might have wanted to take 
revenge fra its dismal perfor- 
mance rinrfng the international 
tournament in the United 


States. The national team was 
eliminat ed from the tourna- 
ment after winning only one of 
three matches. 

Mundz said in a local radio 
interview he was ashamed of 
what he had done, but insisted 
he did not know who the player 
was when he fired. 

“Pm sony," he said from his 
prison cell m Bogota. 

Mufidz was the driver for 
Santiago Gallon Heaao, a 
ranch er whom authorities said 


bet heavily and lost on the Co- 
lombian team. 

The police spokeswoman 
also denied reports that police 
had earlier detained three other 
suspects in the case. 

She said three people had 
been arrested in Medeflin, but 
“these people have absolutely 
nothing to do with the Escobar 
case." She said police stumbled 
across them during a series of 
house raids conducted through- 
out Medellin after the killing 
(Reuters, AP) 


By Lawrie Mifflin 

New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — The quarter- 
finals have arrived, and the 
three triple champions are 
in contention. Brazil, Italy and 
Germany have each won the 
trophy three times, and perhaps 
jtheir presence in the final eight 
is testimony to some sort of 
sporting logic. 

But perhaps not. 

If logic held, then the fact that 
there are seven European teams 
among the final eight should 
mean European soccer is superi- 
or to any other, but any reason- 
able fan knows that isn’t true. 

As usual, soccer is more com- 
plicated than that. 

Because nationalistic feeling 
plays such an important role in 
this most international of sport, 
and especially in the crucible of 
nationafism. the Worid Cup, 
there is a tendency to view ev- 
erything through a stereotyping 
lens. 

By that view, Colombia lost 
because it lacked mental tough- 
ness; Sweden is still around be- 
cause the Swedes “keep cool" 
under pressure. Through that 
lens, the Argentines are weak- 
willed and paranoid, the Ital- 
ians volatile and hot-headed 
and the Germans as precise and 
dependable as the Beriin-to- 
Boam train schedule. 

Of course, such stereotypes 
fall apart on inspection. It is 
Germany that has seen its team 
tom by volatile tempers off the 
field, and whose team three 
times in four games lost control 
of games it should have but- 
toned up easily. 

The Italians have been any- 
thing but hot-headed. Thor 
major problem, until their late- 
game triumph over Nigeria, has 
been pallid, befuddled effort, 
especially that of Roberto Bag- 
gio, who was supposed to be the 
tournament’s inevitable star. 

And what of Brazil, and the 
image of a flamboyant, easygo- 
ing carefree people? Here we 
are brought up short again, by 
the brilliant way the Brazilians 
haveplayed, defensively as well 
as offensively, reminding every- 
one that, above all, world-class 
soccer is about the skill and 
talent of players. Style is irrele- 
vant until the team in question 
is good enough to win. 

Yes, there are national styles 
of play; this is undeniable. But 
there is no "European” style. 
Italy and Spain play more like 
T_arin American countries than 
like Bulgaria or Sweden. 

The Germans, often seen as 


the epitome of a hard-tackling, 
ruggra, defensive style, have the 
tournament’s leading active 
goal-scorer in Jurgen Klins- 
mann. % contrast, it is the Bra- 
zilians who lost a key starter 
because of a vicious foul when 
Leonardo was suspended fra 
four games for the elbow that 
sent the American Tab Ramos 
to the hospital with a concus- 
sion. 

At this level, too, the best 
players in the world are on 
stage- What made them the 
best? Partly talent, partly what 
they learned growing up with a 
bad at their feet. And partly 
what they have learned as pro- 
fessionals. 

The highest level of dub 
competition in the world is in 

the top European leagues — be- 
cause they pay the highest sala- 
ries, and therefore attract tee 
best players. 

Among tee eight quarterfi- 
nalists are three countries — 
Italy. Spain and Germany — 
whose domestic leagues are, if 
not tee three best in the world, 
then among tee top five. For 
this Worid Cup, tee Italian and 
Spanish rostors contain no 
players whose club teams are 
outside their own countries; of 
the German squad, four play in 
Italy and one in France, but the 
rest play in tee German league. 

Brazil has a domestic league, 
a good one. but Romirio, Be- 
belo and Leonardo play in 
Spain, while three other regu- 
lars play in Germany, three in 
France and the goalkeeper, Taf- 
farel, in Italy. 

Are they better players be- 
cause they compete regularly in 
European leagues? Surely their 
skills would be the same no mat- 
ter where they played profes- 
sionally, but it may be that their 
physical and mental durability 
have been enhanced by compet- 
ing at that level, against the sort 

me^^Worli? Cu^giri^ 

The other four quarterfinal- 
ists have similar numbers of 
regular players whose club 
teams are in Spain, Italy, Ger- 
many, France, Portugal or Eng- 
land: Bulgaria has six, Romania 
seven, Sweden seven and the 
Netherlands six, although tee 
Dutch have a top domestic 
league, too. 

Following this logic to its 
conclusion, of course, would 
mean that Italy or Spain will 
win tee Worid Cup. Tnat is no 
safe bet. Once again soccer, like 
other art forms, refuses to be 
pigeonholed by logic. 


WORLD CUP RESULTS AND SCORERS 


And Why So Secretively? 

Agent* Frmoe-Prate 

t GS ANGELES — FIFA’s general secretary, Sepp B atter, 
h.^rTktterto the remaning it is of 

S they help tie media * rtrjoh. 

expand the game’s popel^ W good pie* 

was vital. 

_ adred the teams to "have from now on 

conference wiih the «»d. 

every da 5Ll Svw” He urged that training sessions be 
and/or some players ne uigeu ^ , 



jedia information 

fcy 

of ioumalists who had offended the 
IS would be dosed from there on om - 


SECOND ROUND 
Sak>da|r JolyZ 

MChtottft 

Germany S Belgium 2 ' - 

M Washington 
Sp-n 3. anu wUPd o 

Sunday July S 
Al Dates 

SMden 3, SuriXfUttl 

At Pasadena. CeB. 
Romania 3. Ajrpamtoa2 

■ MQKtey^Ur* 

MOrtando. Ra. 

NefttfandeZMandO. 

AlSantort.CaSJ. 
entail. Urtw r s m eeo 

Tuaadiy Jufr 5 

Alfadtoro, mbk 
IMyZ.Ngerta1 

ai emi Rutfarfonr. NjI 
. (Ugarta 3, Umfco 1 on penaUee (t -1 
avanme) 

QUARTERFINALS 

SakvdajiJulyS 

. NFatttirO.Maaa. 

My « apeta. 1605 OUT 
ai Dates 

KWMrMnda ml Bratf raaseur 

SuMtayJriyio . 

At tea RuthMfcnL NJ. 
Bidparta vc. Germany. 100SXMT : 

At Stanford. Caft 
teMdan w, Romania. IB* GMT 


SEMIFINALS 

WadBMtfqrJufriS 

At Ead Ruthartead, NJ. 

IMty/Spain manner va EWgarta/Sanwv wiry 
nor. 2006 GMT 

At Pasadena, G41L 

NMtwrianda&ral wirmarw. SwadovRomaran 
winner, 2335 GUT 

THIRD PLACE 

SaturteorJuiyu 
Al Peeatem. Caflt 
SanMnel ueers. 1836 GMT 

CHAMMONSHIP 

Sunday July 17 
At Pnodeno. CnlH- 
Semlfnel wtonei* 1935 (BIT 


GoalScorers 


6 •** Oleg Sotenw. Russia. 

S — JQrgen -mnemann, Germany. 

* — GobfW sottstuto, Awnflno: Martin 
0onnn,$wedenr HrtjB Stottcft*«w r Bunwria. 

3— KtrwiafAndffMMvSwwIon.' JuonArrtcMo 
GaBwatxaa. 5Kdn,- Gheorshe Hast Roma- 
nia; Remartar Brazil. 

2 —-'PBUIsm AAert. MMum; Fuad AmJa 
•Saudi Arabia.- DanM AmokacM. Nigeria; 
Emmanuel AraunUn, wtaarta; Roberto Bag- 
gfcnotv; Bobrin Brazfl: Dennis Berttfcamp, 


Nettwrtands; Georges Brtgy. SwHaeriond; 
JOS* cam Inara. Saaln; Oeodto Confegkt. Ar- 
gentina; ute DamHrtsau. Romania.- Lids 
Garda. Mexico; Jon Andonl Golfcoatxea 
Spain; Hong Myurs Ba, South Kona; Ftorm 
RodsdolUi Romania; AdoHo Valencia, Co- 
tanwo; Rudi VMier, Germany; Wlm Jonk, 

\ — Join AkfrMoa. intend; Wno Benda ito- 
ly; Abel Bo Bn, Argentina; Altar HwrtrMam, 
Snata; Marceftno BefflaLMOJdai! Fnmslse 
Oraam BMcfc. Cameroon; Daniel Bortmlnw, 
Bulgaria; Tomas Broun. Sweden: S tarinW 
Owputea^SwB ju nlond; Mohammad Chooudt. 
Morocco; Mon: Dogma. Belgian; DwrW 
Embe, Cameroon; ARerlo Garda Mexico ; 
Hennon GarirtoCotanWo; PWtf George. Ni- 
geria: Fated Ghatevarv Sairt Arabia; 
Georges Gnm, Belgian; J»ep GurcBota. 
Sprin; Fernando MerraSPoin; Ray Houghton. 

Intend; Hwang Sun Mono. South Korea; Semi 

Jaber. Saudi Arabia; Adrton Kt*jp, Switzer- 
land; tertian urtefttov. Bulgaria. 

Roger Uona Sweden; John Harold Ldzaw 
. Cotembta; Diego Maradona Argentina f Lub 
Enrique Martinn. teoln; DaM ate Mateorw 
Holy; Roger MIHer, Cameroon) Henson non 
der, Morocco; soma Chromav swai Arabia; 
DU Itl Vwtle Petrosa* Romcrta; Dmitri 
Rodchenko, Russia; M, Bro*H: Kirill Rrit- 
dai. Norway; K ar lhe inz Medio. Germany; 
8msi Ror. Metf urt anos ; JtWoteRnaa, SooM: 

enrinStectebBoMa; MOrde&atdoa, 8mdl; 

Seo Jong wav South Korea; Samson Stasia. 
Nigeria; NasteSUnkov. Bulgaria; Ernie Stew- 
art, United States; Alain Srdlar. Swttairtond; 
Gaston Taumnt HeBtariteds; EricWVtelte, 
United States; Radioed YeUri. Nigeria 
Dim Goob — Andres ESCObor, CammUia ( «. 
United States). 



Antonin Scnaa/Agcncr Fiancr-Prmc 

The Brazilian midfielder Manro SOva was surrounded by high school girls during the 
team’s 1ml practice in California before leaving for Dallas to play the Netherlands. 







£SSs. , :i.‘ --z-Vs** 1 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1994 


OBSERVER 


Groggy With Health 


Neville Brody: How to Be a Graphics Guru 


PEOPLE 


Paris . Court Cuts Award 


By Russell Baker 


N EW YORK — Written af- 
ter deep health-care im- 


1 N tear deep health-care im- 
mersion: 

The United States faces a 
grave health-care crisis, though 
maybe not. 

There are five, or maybe nine 
or 10, different bills in Congress 
for dealing or not dealing with 
the crisis or noncrisis, depending 
on whether it is a crisis or not. 

One of these is the Dole plan, 
and it is much too confusing to 
go into here, as are the outer 
four, eight or nine plans, as the 
case may be, none of which will 
be enacted anyhow, permitting 
us to move ahead to the real 
questions. These are: 

• Why do you have to go 
bankrupt before you can die? 

• Is n true that Newt Ging- 
rich is wearing President Clin- 
ton’s old hair? 

• Whither coronary throm- 
bosis? 

• Is Ira Magaziner the bril- 
liant criminal-defense lawyer 
known as "the great white 
shark” who was seen being in- 
terviewed on television the oth- 
er night about O. J. Simpson’s 
health-insurance policy? 

Fortunately for people heavi- 
ly invested in insurance compa- 
nies, the insurance industry will 
continue to thrive, no matter 
whether a bfll of any sort is 
passed or not 

Everybody who counts, from 
Clintons to Evers to Breaux, 
fears American medicine will 
collapse if deprived of the in- 
surance industry’s genius for 
converting everything from co- 
lic to Huntington's chorea into 
easily collectable profit. 

Most of the trills bring pro- 
posed frown on the insurance 
industry’s past practice of can- 
celing their coverage of people 
who become ilL Senator Phil 
Gramm of Texas would deal 
with any such insurance compa- 
ny by sending a note home to its 
mother. 

□ 

Of utmost importance is uni- 
versal coverage, because Presi- 
dent Clinton has threatened to 
veto any bill that does not pro- 
vide universal coverage. 


But what does universal 
mean? Some say covering 90 
percent of the population 
would be universal, and some 
say 95 percent In other words, 
the universal coverage bring 
discussed is not univezsal, nor 
should we expect it to be. 

Some say covering 90 percent 
of the population one of these 
days in some future century 
would fill the bill. Others say 


giving everybody the right to 
buy insurance from a private 
company would satisfy the uni- 
versality requirement. 

Since this is exactly where we 
seem to be at present, universal- 
ity-wise, pessimists worry that 
Congress lacks the necessary 
zeal for universal coverage, 
which might compel Clinton to 
use his veto or face the classic 
question asked many years ago 
by a Minnesota congressman 
named Blatnik. The Blatnik 
question: 

“Why you Demos talk so 
much, do so nothing?” 


By Cynthia Rose 

L ONDON — Blame Britain’s cult 
of personality on the Beatles. By 
toppling class barriers, London's 
Swinging Sixties altered the country's 
notion of celebrity — linking it forev- 
er to the template of pop stardom. 

Today, Britain still supplies more 
than just models, modern dancers and 
entrepreneurs. It produces Naomi 
Campbell, Michael Clark, Malcolm 
McLaren — figures who publicize 
their talents as if they were rock stars. 

Neville Brody, 36, is a celebrity in 
this tradition. But he was certainly 
Britain’s fust pop-star typographer. 
Brody is known around the world, 
with offices in Germany (at Meta De- 
sign) and in Japan (at DigitaJogue). 

In London, his home base is a strik- 
ing, glass-walled tower. To find the 
busy designer here, one must ring, 
enter and wait — then run the gaunt- 
let of his secretary and minions. The 
boss, when be finally appears, is dad 
in black with small gold glasses. His 


manner may seem abstract, but it 
masks a well of concentration. 



1990, he opened Fontworks, an elec- 
tronic boutique that merchandises do* 
signer typefaces. Out of Fontworks 
ramM Fuse, a package-on-disk of spe- 
cialist foots, with five artists^osters 
included in every issue. 

Just recently, Brody finished a per- 
sonal project "The Graphic Lan- 
guage of Neville Brody 2," ms second 
boot This collection win be pub- 
lished as a bound vohnnc,buf*Nevifle 

Brody 2” was originated digitally, and 
it win also be sold on a CD-ROM. 


This is the latest format to engage 


BrodyS imagination. 

“All the ament CD-ROMs,” be 
says, “are only starring prints created 
by technicians. There’s no real content 
in let alone design. Interactive 
products call for a whole new lan- 
guage." 

Such a call is just the thing to get the 
Brody juices flowing. As he hunches 
over a very duttered desk (paper still 
remains a problem in this Mac-cen- 
tered environment), Brody's futuristic 
fervor seems almost contagions. We 
discuss his woik for the Austrian Na- 
tional Broadcasting Service; stamps 
he designed for the Dutch postalser- 
vke, even the athletic shoes he publi- 
cized throughout Japan. All Brody’s 
evaluations vibrate with optimism. He 
sees high technology as a m ea ns of 
global bonding. 


Shocking though it is, politics 
also seems to figure in the 
health-care debate. This is be- 
cause elections will be held not 
only this fall, but also in the fall 
of 1996. 

The curse of elections is that 
they require politicians to at- 
tack each other. This is because 
the theatrical demands of the 
10-second TV commercial for 
an MHiimm marinated in gun- 
play and car crashes not only 
mast on violence, but also rule 
out sensible discourse. 

So, our custom of incessantly 
holding elections requires a 
constant supply of government 
failures for which politicians 
can blame each other in cam- 
paign commercials. 

The health-care issue offers 
so many fascinating ways for 
politicians of all faiths to bash 
and nail each other in TV com- 
mercials that we will probably 
have to put up with the racket 
until Something as gnfartttinmg 
as the old Co mmunis t menace 
comes along to open refreshing 
avenues for political assault. 


Brody made famous a job that, un- 
der normal circumstances, would re- 
main obscure. He has a flair for self- 
promotion and an almost infallible 
sense of which vehicles suit his pur- 
pose. “If you have an idea,” Be Hkes to 
say, " you make it happen.” 

After leaving the London College of 
Printing in 1979. only a year elapsed 
before he started his own company. 
Neville Brody Studios began life m 
one rented room. 


To OwnerofatxmGogh 

Jacques Walter, the owner 
since 1955 of Vincent ran 
Gogtfs “Garden at Anvers,” is 
to get 145 wilfion francs ($26.5 
million) to compensate for a 
ban on the export of the paint- 
ing, but a French appeals cotut 
gave him -a lot less than he 
wanted, fit 1982 the govern- 
ment banned the exportand in 
1989 declared the vndc part of 
France's heritage- Walter val- 
ued the painting in 1989 at 200 
rnfTKon francs, and 'sued for 250 
million in 1990. Last March a 
lower court awarded him this 
sum plus interest, 422 mHfion 
francs in alL The appeal court 
agreed that Walter had suffered 
“direct and certain prejudice” 
but reduced the compensation. 
□ 


Using clients such as The Face, then 
a struggling lifestyle magazine, and 
record companies with names like Fe- 
tish find Crammed, Brody swiftly built 
hims elf a hipster’s reputation. He de- 
signed for the music industry but also 
for fashion e mp ori u ms; he did covers 
for rode biographies and also re- 
vamped New Socialist Central to a 
prolific output was his view of British 
culture: “Britain’s main exports have 
always been fashion, style and image.” 



Neville Brody zoomed to celebrity as Britain’s pop-star typographer. 


sessed by computer games. One enti- 
tled Crystal Quest be says, cured him 
of “tedmophobia.” (Although Brody 
had by then designed four magazines 
— New Socialist The Face, Arena 
and CSty Limits — he was still draw- 
ing every typeface by hand.) “I ap- 


In 1988, three things cemented 
Brody’s status as a graphics guru. His 
work was hailed in a lavish book, “The 


preached the Apple Mac,” he 
“with an attack mentality! 1 1 


Graphic Language of Neville Brody.” 
The book was launched with an exm- 


Nev York Times Senice 


The book was launched with an exhi- 
bition at the Victoria & Albert Muse- 
um — one of the institution’s largest 
bows to youth culture. And Neville 
Brody Studios bought its first com- 
puter. 

Brody and his team became ob- 


“with an attack mentality! I thought 
computers were just too digital, too 
mechanical.” 

Crystal Quest changed Brody’s 
mind . Now, the Macintosh is his con- 
stant companion — and the recipient 


of many daborate metaphors. “Peo- 
ple think of computers as if they were 


replicate brains. But the Mac is more 
like a saxophone. You don’t learn to 
use it, you begin to play it. You learn a 


whole technology so that you can im- 
provise.” 

A/tear his exhibition, work poured 
into Brody’s studio. He moved several 
times before settling Iris staff into tins 
current premises. Yet now he is often 
absent, working in Paris, Miami or 
Tokyo. In every city, Brody is photo- 
graphed, interviewed, videotaped: 
part of what he likes to call “the dia- 
logue of design.” He wants, he says, to 
really widen the options of his profes- 
sion. “Graphics, type — they’re al- 
ways an invisible means of manipula- 
tion. I try to leave all my work open- 
ended. So it can be the audience who 
inputs evaluation.” 


fixed language,” be says. “But irs not; 
it’s very fluid. If s tike I'm doing a 
pa inting where the paint refuses to 
diy. I hand it on to someone else, who 
p ushes that paint around. And the 
process is continuous — it will never 
stop.” This is a signal, be says, of 
imminent revolution- “And it’s going 
.to be trigger than what happened with. 
Gutenberg. Levels of communication 
are ready to explode.” 

Win that explosion project Brody's 
fame farther? One design critic who 
says it may is Lewis Blackwell, the 
editor of the British-based trade jour- 
nal Creative Review. 


Ted WiEams. laid low by a 
stroke on Feb. 19, b as begun 
walking with a cane and is even 
dreaming about batting again. 
Wflbams, 75, the last man to hit 
more than .400 in the major 
leagues, told the Boston Globe 
he dreamed he was battmg 
against Randy Johnson of the. 
Seattle Mariners, and after let- 
ting a couple of balls goby he 
picked one and *^ust punched k 
through the middle.’’ The Bos- 
ton Red Sox can only wish it 
woe true. 

. □ 

George Michael said in as 
interview with David Frost 
Thursday that he would pursue 
bis legal battle to leave his-re- 
cord company, Sony, despite a 
court ruling against him. He 
said he would never record with 
be company again, unless it 
’unconditionally” released 


Says Blackwell, “Neville is indeed 
like a pop star; be was derated very 
high, very quickly. He could never be 
just an ordinary <fesign«r a gain. His 
work will always be compared to 
what’s expected of ‘Brody.’ But it’s a 
challenge he's more than willing to 
meet.” • . . , 


Whitney Houston is expect- 
ing her second child, ana she 
spilled the news during a coo- 
cert at the Omni arena in Atlan- 
ta. She {nought her singer-hus- 
band, Bobby Brown, on stage 
and sang him a verse of her hit 
“You Give Good Love.” 


inputs evaluation. 

Brody has enlarged that “audience” 
Via some adventurous schemes. In 


Cynthia Rose is a London-based 
journalist and broadcaster. . 


INTERNATIONAL 

CLASSIFIED 

Appears on Pages 8. 17 & 19 


WEATHER 


WEEKEND DESTINATIONS 


Europe 


Forecast for Saturday through Monday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 


Today 

Htgb Lon W 
OF OF 
31/88 IBM ■ 
20/68 14/57 e 
33/91 1467 a 
34/93 23/73 s 
Z7«J 20/68 S 
28 m* 1365 | 
21/70 13/95 ah 


Copenhagen 21/70 1366 * 

CoVbMSU 31 «B 22/71 » 

DUBi 17/02 12/53 pc 

EMugh 18*1 13/56 nh 

Boomed 31*8 18/04 ft 

FrarMurt M/75 17*Q pc 

Qma Z7*o I8«i pc 

HaUnM 23/73 14/57 • 

btondU 31*8 20*8 s 

Los Patman 27*0 22/71 a 

Urfxm 28*2 17*2 ■ 

London 21/70 13*5 pc 

Uaond 32/89 18*1 ■ 

USUI 28*4 1B*« 8 

wacn M/75 14ZS7 pc 

Mrtft 21/76 13*5 ah 

Mot 27*0 18*4 » 

CUO 28*2 17*2 ft 

Patou 28/79 21/70 ft 

Parti 24/75 14*7 ft 

Prague 21/70 12/53 pc 

Rftjrtjn* 1«*l 11*2 pc 

tana 33*1 19*8 I 

St PMMtWg M/75 12/53 PC 

3Wcfc»it*n 23/73 1**7 a 

Straafaoug 22/71 13*5 pc 

T4*m 23/73 16*B ft 

Mnlll 2B*2 20*8 ft 

Vkm 23/73 14/57 pc 

Vtmaam 21/70 13*5 ah 

Zurich 23/73 13*5 pc 



OF C/F 
33*1 25/79 


Baling 32*9 2*775 

Hong Kong 31*8 28/79 

liarftft 29*4 23/73 

NmDttri 37*8 28/79 

SftOi 30*8 22/71 

San&vil 34*3 28/79 

S/ngaixjnB 32*9 28/75 

Tap* 34*3 28/79 

Tokyo 30*8 am 


SATURDAY 



SUNDAY 


MfcmcMtBMldautiiiDvmi 
by AoouWMMr: MINT , 


Europe and Uttfie East 
Location Waatti 


Hlgb Low 
Temp. Temp. 
OF OF 


North America 

Heavy showers end thunder- 
storms from Pittsburgh to 
Boston this w a s fco nd wfl be 


followed by simy. pleasant 
weather Monday. Chicago 


weather Monday. Chicago 
Bifou0i Detroit and St Louis 
will be warm but turn less 
humid this weekend. Heal 
and hum/d/ty effl make a 
return Mon day. Tlie South- 
west wD reman hot 


Europe 

Madrid through Marseille 
and Rome will have hot 
weather this weekend with 
plenty of sunshine. A stow- 
moving storm will trigger 
drenching rains and a few 
thunderstorms over portions 
of aoutiMeoBm Ewcjpe Sun- 
day and Monday. Parte to 
London win have dry, sea- 
sonably warm weather. 


Asia 

Al at east-central China irtl 
remain unbearably hot and 
huirrtd Birou^i the weekend. 
The northern edge of the hot 
weather wfl I be marked by 
thunderstorms from Beijing 
to Seoul. A lew showws and 
thunderstorms will drift 
across Japan as well. A 
Tropical Storm wS pass )ust 
northeast of the Phfflppmes. 


Mtfere 
Cape Town 


28*2 21/70 ft 29. 84 22/71 pc 
15/59 8/48 pc 17*2 10/50 pc 

27*0 18*4 t 77*0 19*6 PC 
21/70 12*3 t 23/73 13/55 pc 
28*2 24/75 aft 28/84 M/75 pc 
30*6 11*2 pc 22/71 IT. 52 PC 
37/98 23/73 ft 37*8 21/70 pc 


North America 


Cannes 

OeauvBe 

RMnl 

Malaga 

Caj^eri 

Faro 

Piraeus 

Corfu 

Brighton 

Qrtend 

Sdievenhgan 

Syft 

lZITW 

TelArmr 


starry 

clouds and aim 

thunderstorms 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 


Speed 

Ova) 

N 1020 


Etnp« and Mkldta East 
Location Waath 


douda and sun 
sunny 

down andsui 
clouds and sun 
sunny 
sunny 


24/75 

14/57 

1061 

0-1 

sw 

1020 

. DrauvSe 

31/88 

21/70 

26/79 

1-2 

N 

1520 

Fterwi 

33/81 

24/75 

25/77 

0-1 

SE 

12-22 

Malaga 

32/88 

24/75 

25177 

0-1 

N 

1020 

Cagbui 

31/88 

17/82 

1066 

0-1 

ME 

1020 

Faro 

32m 

23/73 

28/79 

0-1 

HE 

1525 

Ptows 

34«3 

23/73 

25/77 

O-l 

N 

T525 

•..Corib 

24/75 

15/59 

16/BI 

1-2 

SW 

1520 

Brighton 

2V75 

15/59 

18/81 

1-2 

WSW 

1520 

Oattand 

24/75 

14/57 

17/82 

1-2 

W 

18-35 

Schoveningan 

23/73 

14/57 

18«4 

1-2 

W 

1520 

Syft. 

34/33 

23/73 

25 777 

0-1 

N 

1020 

Iznw 

30/86 

23/73 

25777 

1-2 

MW 

2025 

TalAyfv 


ewmy 

sunny 

Clauds and aw 
sunny 
sunny 
su*v 

WIN 

ctouois and star 

sumy 

stmy 

sunny . 

surety 

sunny 

many 


Middle East 


Latin America 


Oceania 





Tomonovr 



Today 


Tomorrow 


Woh 

UM 

W 

Mgh LOW 

W 


High 

Lew 


Wgh 

Low W 


OF 

OF 


OF OF 



OF 

OF 



OF 

Baku 

31 «8 

zun 


32*8 24 m 


BuarxnMraa 

8MG 

003 

pc 

ff/48 

-1131 ft 

CM 

38^7 



3U3I 32m 


Caracas 

3i «a 

25/77 

pc 

31*8 

25/77 pc 



15/58 


30/98 IB/54 


L*na 

18«4 

15*1 

8 


15*9 pc 


a® 



28/82 ie«e 


unco C8y 

zzm 

12*3 

tfi 23/73 

12*3 Stl 

Uaar 

37IW 

22/W 


41/108 23/73 


FloikvWnara 25/77 

19*6 


24/75 

18*4 m 

Rtyadi 

42/107 28/79 


42/10726/78 


Santiago 

16/51 

104 

* 




14*7 8/43 pc 14*7 9M8 
17*2 9/48 PC 17*2 10*0 


flirmswiy. pc-party dtwdy. c-daudy. ttuharore. i-*» * idsi«» jm i«. Mttn.d-«ow fcsrtaa- 
m. He*. W-Wsafigr Afl napft, forecast* «nd data provided by Accu-Weadwr. Vie. OIBM 


19*8 9M8 

31*8 ZZ/TT 
32*8 20*8 
32*9 20*8 
29*4 12*3 
33*1 20*8 
23*4 23.73 
33*1 23/73 
30*8 20 *8 
31*8 25/79 
21/70 18*1 
25/77 14/57 
31*8 24/75 
38*7 24/75 
44/111 29*4 
23/73 13*5 
25/79 13*5 
27*0 14*7 
37/98 27*0 


Caribbean ml West Atlantic 

Barbados partly any 31/88 

Wrwoon sunny 34/93 

St. Thomas dauds and sun 34/93 

Ham Bon sunny 31/83 


Caribbean and Waet Atlantic 


1-2 ESE 25-35 

1-2- E 25-40 

12 E 25-35 

1-2 SE 18-30 


Barbados 

Kingston 

St-Thanisa 


party aissiy 33/91 

pertly sutny 35195 

stsmy 31/88 


Warn 

Wind '. 


Haighta 

Spaad 

f; 

(UaftM) 

0v» 

0-1 

NNW 

1222 

«... 

0-1 

SSW 

1225 


12 - 

NNW 

15-30 


0-1 

S ‘ 

15-25 


0-1 

ME 

15-25 


. 0-1 

NE 

8-15 


0-1 

N 

12-22 


O-l 

HE 

15-25 


1-2 

SW 

IB-35 


12 

SW 

15-30 


12 

WSW 

15-30 

. 

12 - 

WSW 

18-35 

tea 

0-1 

NW 

1222 


12 

NW 

20-40 





% 

12 “ 

ENE 

25-45 


12 

E 

25-40 

1-2 

E 

2525 


12 

SE 

2025 



ABWPadflc 


r 22 m • 
PC 28/79 1 
pc 32*9 S 
PC 36/97 ! 
1 44/1111 
a 23/73 i 
5 23/73 : 
PC 28/79 1 
S 37*9 i 


tf w de w onro 


Phuket 

shower* 

33191 

26/78 

29/84 

1 

SW 

1525 

Phrtcat 

partly amy 

33/91 

25/77 

28/84 

1 

SW 

1525 

Bat 

party sumy 

32/89 

22/71 

2700 

1 

SW 

12-25 

Bafl 

party stmy 

31/88 

22/71 

27/80 

1 

SW 

12-25 

Cebu 

showers 

30/86 

23/73 

30/88 

1 

E 

1520 

Cebu 

ttwJerstomw 

30/86 

23/73 

3QBB 

1 

E . 

12-22 

Pain Beach Aus 

stsmy 

23/73 

11/52 

18*4 

12 

NE 

1826 

Paha Baadi. Aua. 

doidsandstsi 

22/71 

20/68 

18/64 

12 

MW 

2540 

Bay of Wands, NZ 

partly stsmy 

17«2 

8/48 

17/82 

22 

SW 

3050 

Bay distends, NZ atamy 

18/84 

9*48 

17782 

12 

BW 

1520 

Shnhama 

party Btmny 

33/91 

25/77 

24/75 

1 

SE 

1520 

Steranama ' 

sunny 

34/93 

25/77 

25/77 

1 

SE 

1530 

HonphAi 

party stsmy 

29184 

2 am 

28/79 

12 

. E 

2025 

Honolulu 

donas and aun 

30/88 

23/73 

28/79 

12 

E 

2035 


KBS Access Numbers 
How to call around the work! 

L Using The chan bdow.Bnd the country you are calling from. 

2. Dial die corresponding AlSr Access Number. 

3- An AI^Engtfsi>^5ea)diigOperaK» or vi^jxximpiwm ask for the phcMic number you wish to caD or connect you to a 

customer service repre senmi vc- 

To receive yopr.fice'WBlIet card of AlSr^ Access Nuxnbecsju5tcfialilKacoc»raenber of 
tbccotrotryyouire in aixl ask toQgtomer Service. 


Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER- COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACTjSSMJMgER 


China, FBGeee 

Guam 

Hong Kong 

India* 

Indonesia* 

Japan’ - 

Korea 


ASIA ■ tony 172-lOU Brazil 

1-800-881-011 Ijcctoeastetar 155-0 0-11 Chfle 

10813 Ufhtanfaft 8*196 fnhmhh ~ 

018-872 Luxembourg 0-8004111 Costa Rica** 

800-1111 M a ce d oni a, F.YJEL of 99-8004288 Ecuador* 


Malaysia* 
- New Zealand 
Philippines* 
Saipan* 
Singapore 
Stilanka 
Taiwan* 
Thailand* 


ipjnflr’ . Imagine a world where you can call country to country as easily as you can from home. And 

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your voice ai a more polite hour. All this is now possible with ATS3T 1 

To use these services, dial the AKT Access Number of the country you're in and you’ll get all the 
help you need With these Access Numbers and your ABET Calling Card, international calling has never been easier. 

If you don’t have an AKET Calling Card or youU like more information on AIKT global services, just call us using the 
convenient Access Numbers on your right. 


Armen ia** 

Austria**** 

— ^ ■ * — 

IIUlfHlUl 

Bulgaria 

Croatia** 

Catch Rep 

Denmark* 

Finland" 

France 

Germany 

Greece* 

TTnny ii ji» 

Iceland** . 
Ireland 


000-137 Malta" 

001-801-10 Monaco* 

_. 0039-111 Net h c rtmd w* . 

. ■ 009-11 Norway .■ 

11* Potowt**** 

80<M>011 Portngal* 

- 000-911 R oma n ia , 

105-11 

235-2872 Slovakia 

aOMlll-lll . ' Spain* ~ ~ 

■. 430-430 ' Sweden* 

, • 0080-10288-0 S w toalanrt * 

001^991-1111 U-K- 

EUROPE - ; . Ukraine* 

8*14W MIDDU 


0600-890-110 El Salvador"* 

19*-0011 ’ Guatemala" 

0^022-9111 Guyana*** 

800-190-11 Honduras** 

0*0104004111 MericoAAA 9 

05017-1-288 - NIfag giBiO hnig ni) 

01-8004288 Panama* ~ 

_ 155-5042 Peru* " 

00420-00101 a i igS nc 

900-99- 00-11 Uruguay 

020-795-611 Venezuela*. " 


OOOSOIO 

QOft-0312 

980-11-0010 

114 

. 119 

190 

190 

165 

125 

95-8004624240 
0 174- 

- 109 

J 791 

156 

00-0410 

80011-120 


8*14111 MIDDLE EAST British VJ 

022-903011 Bahrain 800001 5y roin5imd8 

, 0800-100-10 Cyprus" 080-90010 r.r ^y^ r' “ 

00-18000010 farad ■ 177-100-2727 Haiti*" 7 

99-384)011 Kuwait . ' 800-288 . jomow ~ 

00- 42000101 Lebanon (Befrul) 426-80 1 NfciOntfl 

8001-0010 ■ Qatar 0600-011-77 &.Ktas/Nevls~' 

9800-100-10 Saudi Arabia 1-800-10 "~ r_ 

jgAggU pgfcey* ; 00800-122 77 Egypt* « 

013P0010 UAE." . . 800-12 1 Gabon* 

00-800-1311 AMERICAS . : 

QQa- 800-OIIU. Argentina# 001-800-200-1111 Kenya* 

999-001 * Bribe# - 555 Liberia 

1- 800-550-000 ' Bcifrriar 0300-1112 SowhAf 


ISfrOO-ll - CAHTBHFAN 

WKWWl Bahanmg 1-800-872-2881 

6*100-11 Bermud a* 1-800-872-2881 

tST British VL 1-800-872-2881 


QMKXH2Z77 Egypt* (Cairo) 
800-121 Gabon* " 


555 Liberia 
0-800-1112 Sooth Africa 



AT&T 


1-800-872-2881 

1-800-872-2881 

b 1-300-672-2881 

1-800-872-2881 

001-800-972-2883 

ojjjjjggaw 

001-8OO-872-2881 
■ i -800-872-2881 
AFRICA 

0 SMHBOO 

- QQa-001 

00111 

0800-10 

757-797 
04*00-9*0123 


■nm mamreg-aemcrt»4»auipfcm»Bagngco««aciia«wwi«. “ 

aeia fB|ilirt S BiiB » ri^ M8tt*|>B8iaaartttlwarMib# a 

-P(£k piuna rrqulir donttrof cWBarpfaoKCwdfcriUnne. * 

"RttkpIlOMSeq^ifcgoskoitoiBPSpbowcadlwrtriKrafcTJtainiMaKn,!! • 
bn meftjrTOmwbcfirfe . .. -s-:» 


4. Aikj u,u niWy cni fc ■ ‘ 

C M ^ndrtci dUL 


©1994An£T 


1 Si* 


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