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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


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Paris, Monday, July 11, 1994 


No. 34.637 


*** W 


On Pullout 
Of Forces 


Despite Clinton Nudge, 
Russia Says It Will Keep 
2/100 Troops in Estonia 

By Douglas Jehl 

flew York Tbnw Senna ••• 

pnxkfing from 
■ • Prcsiaem Bill Clinton, President Boris N. ‘ 
Ydtsin of Russia said Sunday that he 
would not meet a commitment to with- 
draw all Russian forces from the Baltic 
nations by Aug. 31. 

- . While promising that Latvia would join 
Lithuania by that deadline in being finally 
/free of Russian troops, Mr. Yeltsin said he 
would not pull bade the 2,000 soldiers that 
his country has left stationed in Estonia 
until that country agrees to grant Trader 
rights to retiring officers who stay behind. 

On the day that Mr. Yeltsin joined the' 
leaders of die seven major industrial de- 
mocracies as a full participant for the Gist \ 
time at their annual summit meeting; his 
declaration on the Baltics provided a- stark 
reminder of the differences that remain 
between Russia and the other nations 
It also gave a new gtmmse of the stfli- 
complicated relationship "Between Russia 
and the states it pace occupied. ;. 

With Mr. Clinton looking on in appar- 
ent displeasure, Mr. Yeltsin complained ‘ 
about ‘'very crude violations oTmiman 
rights” in Estonia, winch declared inde- 
pendence in 199r after 46 years of Soviet 
occupation. 

He said Estonia's refusal to grant dtir . 
zenship and provide housing to Russian 
military retirees had left Moscow's rela- 
tionship with that country “somewhat 
more difficult" than with its Baltic neaghr 
bors. 

Mr. Yeltsin did agree to meet with Presi- 
dent Lennart Med of Estonia in hopes of 
resolving their differences, and his public 
hard-line stance may in part have been a . 
negotiating ploy. 

U.S- .officials said the promise of face- 
. to-face discussions between the Russian - 
tend Estonian leaders invescnted.tiie “sag- - 
nificant progress". .that . Mr. pinion 
claimed during a jorntBews^onf exence .jjp J 
Kave' made in -his priralt^tBEi' WjSj Mhet •* 

Russian leader. _ -I. Vi. 

But when asked hnmediattily afterward 
whether he intended to honor his own Augl 
31 deadline^ Mr, : Ydtsin replied , with a 
blunt “nyet," bringing a flash of tension to 
a day in which the gathered leaders tried 
otherwise to show that they hdd common 
cause on trouble spots from Bosnia to 
North Korea. • 

As they concluded their threo-day sum- 
mit here. Mr. CHnlon arid his fellow G-7 

... See G-7, Page 5 

G-7 Shrugs CMP 
Weak D ollar as 
Suuunit Ends 

By Alan Friedman 

Iniemaucnal Herald Tribune 

NAPLES— Leaders of the wadd’s sev- 
en richest industrial democracies ended 
t heir annual economic summit mee ting 
here Sunday determined to. ride, out the 
vicissitudes of the volatile financial mar- 
kets that have periled the dollar to historic 
lows against the yen and seat long-term 
.interest rates soaring. 

J- During a generally harmonious two-day 
meeting. President -BUI Clinton and his 
counterparts from the otherGroap of Sev- 
en industrialized nations tried repeatedly 
to put a brave face on the dollars weak- 
ness. In their effort to collectively jawbone 
financial markets, they stressed that un- 
derlying economic fundamentals m G-7 
countries were sound and announced that 

ihefr finance ministers and central bankers 

would meet more frequently “to enhance 
the ongoing process of multilateral surveri- 
lance and policy cooperation. - 

In their final communiqu e, the G-7 l ead- 
ers hailed what they termed improved con- 
ditions for a 

SKSSSESl'SS 

other East European countries m tbor 
transition toward a market economy. . 

“ a*™" 1 ? unteval. 
ued ‘ the U.S- Treasury secrc 


ted. “We discussed the ■ 



- ■ By WiBiam Drozdiak 

Wmhingum Post Service 

NAPLES — Nearly two years into his 
presidency, Bill OiiUon’s peers among 
. leaders of die world’s industrial democra- 
cies give him high: marks for congeniality, 
intdfigeaceand ms assiduous habit of con- 
sulting them on. matters of mutual con- 
cern. • 

But they are becoming increasingly baf- 
fled, and troubled, by his penchant for 
reversing poHctes and floating half-baked 
initiatives in ways that erode his stature, 
project an image of disarray in his ded- 
rion-malang and sap theconfidence of the 
allies and the public in his leadership. 

Mr. Clinton's performance at his second 
Group of Seven, summit meeting has only 
confirmed what leaders- in. several affied 


capitals were beginning to suspect: that in 
contradiction of MacluavdFs famous dic- 
tum, he is a leader who prefers to be liked 
rather than feared. 

The White House's embarrassing with- 
drawal of an initiative to launch a new 
review of world trade barriers, even before 

NEWS ANALYSIS . 

last year’s world trade deal is ratified by 
the 123 countries that signed it, was so 
hasty that it raised questions among allied 
governments about what purpose the ad- 
ministration ever saw in iL 

Allied governments were only informed 
of the proposal recently. President Fran- 
cois Mitterrand of France and Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl of Germany were quoted by 
aides as saying they could not believe Mr. . 



Tim Clai>'Agn*cr f n n a - hc at 

Iordan Letdikoy locking the ball away from Germany's Martin Wagner on Sunday daring Bulgaria’s upset victory. 


Sweden Wins Shootout 

Sweden beat Romania in a penalty 
shootout to - advance. Romania had 
tied the score at M .at the end of 
regulation time. then, went ahead early 
in overtime, but Kennet Ahdersson 
equalized for. Sweden near the end. 
BidgariaZ, Germany 1 
Two goals in three minutes, by HristO 
Stoitchkovm the 76th minute and Ior- 
dan Lefichkov three minutes later, end- 
ed Germany's reign and put Bulgaria 
into the semifinals for the Erst time. 


Lolhar Matthaus, making a record-ty- 
ing 2 1st World Cup appearance; had 
put Germany ahead from the penalty 
spot in the 49th minute. 

Italy 2, Spain 1 

Roberto Baggio, who bailed out his 
team with both goals against Nigeria, 
did it again on a goal with two minutes 
left in regulation in the quarterfinal 
mntr.K Spain had a rfm-nt**. to take the 
lead in the 83d minute, whoa Julio 
Salinas found himself tfite-^-ifite with 


C H a n l u ca Pagliuca bat hit the Italian 
goalkeeper in the legs with his shot. 

Bnd 3 S Netherlands 2 

Brazil, in a thriller that produced all 
five goals in the second half, won on a 
free kick in the 81st minute by veteran 
defender Branco. The Brazilians had 
taken a 2-0 lead on Bebeto’s goal. 

Wadneaday’B aemfflna l matches: Italy vs. Bul- 
garia. in East Rutherford, New Jersey, 2005 
GMT; Brazil vs. Sweden In Pasadena, Califor- 
nia, 2335 GMT. 

World Cup report Pages IS. 16 and 1? 


North Korea Orders 
Urgent Meeting Amid 
Signs of Calm Transition 


• Agenct ftaarc-Pftur 

People crying after placing flowers before a statue of Kim B Sung on Sunday at the Revtrintion Museum in Pyongyang. 

Clinton’s Switches Baffle His Peers 


Clinton wanted to affix his name to it 

Other leaden were more polite. Mr. 
Kohl and Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi 
of Italy urged Mr. Clinton to ditch the idea 
in the absence of a consensus — at least 
until the new world trade treaty is en- 
dorsed by all participating nations. 

“1 accept your arguments." Mr. Clinton 
replied. “We will see after ratification." 

The U.S. proposal called for a review of 
world trade bamers. building on comple- 
tion of the General Agreement on Tariffs 
and Trade that was signed in Morocco in 
April. 

While the turnabout may inflict no seri- 
ous damage on global trade patterns, the 
way it was handled disturbed senior Euro- 
pean officials, who have been growing 

See CLINTON, Page 5 


By T. R. Reid 

Washington Past Service 

SEOUL — The North Korean govern- 
ment ordered members of the national 
Parliament and Workers' Party leaders 
from around the nation to gather in Pyong- 
yang on Monday for a mass meeting that 
could mean the official declaration of Kim 
Jong H as the Communist state's new su- 
preme ruler. 

The special session could merely be pan 
of the national mourning for Kim 13 
Sung, analysts here said, but it might also 
mean that the late ruler's son had success- 
fully consolidated power in the three days 
since his father's death. 

South Korean officials monitoring radio 
broadcasts said that Pyongyang's state 
news agency had started referring to Kim 
Jong II, 52, by the exalted title “Great 
Leader,” a term that bad previously only 
been applied to his father. This was a 
significant semantic promotion for the 
younger Mr. Kim, previously known as 
“Dear Leader 

The fragments of information coming 
out of the hermit nation ail seemed to 
indicate a fairly calm and smooth transi- 
tion of power to Kim Jong D. But officials 
here noted that Kim Jong IL, the regime's 
propaganda expert, runs the radio network 
— and that might account for the absence 
of any reports of opposition. 

Complete control of broadcasting has 
been an important tool of dominance for 
the Kim clique that has ruled North Korea 
since the nation was formed at the dawn of 
the Cold War. Radios and television sets 
sold in the North can receive only two 
stations — the two state networks. 

On Sunday. North Korean televirion 
broadcast dramatic footage of an outpour- 
ing of weeping citizens who turned out by 
the thousands in Pyongyang 10 mourn 
their late leader. The man who ruled for 49 
years before his death at 82 was virtually 
worshiped by the people because of the 
myth — taught as history in all North 
Korea schools — that he was the man who 
defeated Japan in World War 11 and thus 
liberated Korea from colonial rale. 

Tapes broadcast at length Sunday on 
South Korean television showed long lines 


of people moving up a hill to the National 
Museum of Liberation, rite of a 30-meter- 
high gleaming bronze statue of the late 
president. 

The mourners, most carrying flowers, 
got down on all fours, placed their fore- 
heads on the concrete plaza, and sobbed. 
After a few moments of grieving, a new 
line of citizens would move in and do the 
same. 

The strong and ubiquitous cult of Kim II 
Sung may permit the North Korean regime 

How much is known about Kim Jong D? Pre- 
dons little. Page 4. • Economic necessity will 
force greater contact with (he world. Page 9. 

to achieve what no other Communist lead- 
ers could manage, a hereditary succession 
from father to sou. 

As further evidence that a quick transi- 
tion to the rule by the son was in the works. 
North Korean officials at the U.S.-Korea 
talks in Geneva asked their American 
counterparts to stay in Geneva and be 
prepared for a quick resumption of the 
negotiations, which were suspended Satur- 
day with word of President Kim's death. 

Even if Kim Jong D successfully as- 
sumes power now, analysts have warned 
that he may not be able to rule uneventful- 
ly for long. 

North Korea is one of the poorest and 
most primitive nations on earth. Over the 
past year or so, visitors have reported 
widespread f amin e and misery among the 
22 million North Koreans. Even in Pyong- 
yang, a showcase city that is the closest 
North Korea comes to modern conve- 
nience, electricity and water supplies often 
function only three hours per day, recent 
viators say. 

The apparent love for Kim H Sung 
among the populace probably helped peo- 
ple put up with the deprivation. But the 
son lacks both the historic stature and the 
cheety charisma of his father, and might 
find it harder to maintain order. 

“Kim fl Sung was able to put his son in 
place," Park Doo Shik, a columnist, wrote 
Sunday in the South Korean newspaper 

See KOREA. Page 4 


Unpredictability of North 
Has Washington on Edge 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispaidia 

NAPLES — Secretary of Stale Warren 
M. Christopher expressed nervousness and 
uncertainty Sunday about the aftermath of 
Kim 11 Sung's death. 

“With a country with the history of 
North Korea, with the sudden death of the 
leader of the country, I think it's a time for 
real vigilance and careful watching by the 
United States." Mr. Christopher said in a 
televised interview. “We had some impor- 
tant talks under way with them. We hope 
they will continue." 

“But l think the present watchword 
ought to be vigilance," he said. “Fortu- 
nately, there's no indication that there's 
been any unusual or threatening buildup 
by North Korea, but until the uncertainty 
of this moment is resolved, I think the 
United States should be in a very careful 
position.” 

In Geneva on Sunday, the North Kore- 
an delegation said its negotiations with the 
United States had been suspended until 
after Kim II Sung's funeral on Sunday. 

The U.S.-North Korea talks had opened 
Friday on an upbeat note, as both rides 
declared their efforts “useful and produc- 
tive." 

The negotiations are aimed at resolving 
international concerns over North Korea's 
suspected nuclear weapons program. In 
return. North Korea would receive diplo- 
matic and economic benefits. 

Speculation about the future of the nu- 
clear talks focused Sunday on the question 


of whether Kim Jong II will take a more 
hard-line position than his father regard- 
ing U.S. demands, possibly to shore up 
support among military officers loyal to 
the elder Mr. Kim but skeptical of the 
son’s abilities. 

As for Kim Jong fl, the North Korean 
president’s son and designated heir, Mr. 
Christopher said, “We know relatively lit- 
tle about him, frankly.” 

“We've not had contact with him. and 
he’s been largely out of the press and out of 
public appearances in recent years,” he 
said. “There’s some indication that he's 
been involved in the important decisions 


of the country. We think he may have been 
involved in the decision to start the talks in 
Geneva, as well as the North-South talks , 
but we'll have to be in a watchful, waiting 
situation with respect to him.” 

Earlier, Mr. Christopher said that the 
United States would consider a meeting 
with Kim Jong fl if he succeeds his father, 
but only if North Korea assures the inter- 
national community that its nuclear pro- 
gram is not involved in producing weap- 
ons. 

“One of the problems we’ve had in the 
past has been isolation," Mr. Christopher 
said. “We would welcome the opportunity 
over time to get to know Kim Jong fl 
better, but there would have to be a se- 
quential series of steps — that is, they 

See REACTION, Page 4 


Kiosk 


Panama to Accept Haitian Refugees 


PANAMA CITY (AFP) — Panama 
will accept an unspecified number of 
Haitian refugees to be housed at U.S. 
military bases, the president-elect. Er- 
nesto Pferez, said Sunday. Mr. Perez cited 
“humanitarian reasons” for his decision. 
He takes office Sept- 1, succeeding Presi- 
dent Guillermo Endara. He said his deci- 


sion came after talks with two envoys 
dispatched by President Bill Clinton, Sol 
Linowitz and Michael Kozack. 

Earlier article. Page 3. 


Bridge 

Books 


Page 5. 
Page S. 


American Teens Have Adult Problems, but the 2 Worlds Don’t Meet 


. By Susan Chira 

" New Ycrk'Juna Soria '* 

NEW YORK — A nationwide poll of 
American teenagers suggests chat many 
lead fives shadowed by adult concerns 


job, but these are worries that many say 
they: cannot share with adults. 

Many appear to Eve in virtually sepa- 
rate worios from adults. Four in 10 say 
their parente-sometimes or often do not 
Take time to help them, and many say the 
people they bom mist and fearthe most 
are other teenagers. . 

- A -total of 40 percent of teenagers 


surveyed said they knew someone who 
had been shot in the last Eve years, and 
most of those said that both the attacker 
and the victim were other teenagers. 

Moreover, 13 percent said that at least 
half die students in (hear schools carried 
weapons like knives and guns, and an- 
other 16 peroent said some students were 
armed. A third said at least some class- 
mates had cheated on the last test they 
took, and most confessed to cheating at 
some time. 

Amid these very grown-up troubles, 
many teenagers still ding to some rem- 
nants of their earfy Childhoods. Many 


say their most cherished possessions are 
stuff ed apimals or baseball card collec- 
tions. 

And while many sounded blast about 
drinkin g or ch eatin g, they often made 
harsh moral judgments about them- 
selves, wishing they could control their 
tempers or be nicer to others. 

The survey, conducted May 26 to June 
1 by The New York Times and CBS 
News, was a telephone poll of 1,055 
teenagers, 13 to 17 years old. It has a 
margin of sampling error of plus or mi- 
nus 3 percentage points. This was the 
first poll of teenagers these organizations 


have conducted, so it cannot be used to 
deduce changes in attitudes and behav- 
ior over time. 

Many of today’s adolescents feel es- 
tranged from their parents. Four in 10 
said their parents were sometimes or 
often unavailable to them, a result that 
did sot appear to depend on whether 
tbor mothers worked outside the home. 

In follow-up interviews, many said 
their parents were not spending much 
time with them or communicating well 
with than. 

While many teenagers said they would 
not want their parents riding herd on 


them anyway, hints of longing crept 
through the bravado. 

“Even when my parents are here, it’s 
like they’re not because they don’t have 
any time,” said Aaron a 16-year-old 
who lives near Olympia, Washington, 
and who did not want his last name used. 
“We never do anything. We never go out 
to dinner. We used to do it all the time 
when we were younger.” 

For other teenagers, though, parental 
relationships were less bleak- 

“Sometimes, I feel like my mom is 

See THINS, Page 4 





A Leg Up for Immigrants in France 


By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 

MARSEILLE — Tahar 
Rahmani asks himself these 
questions: Can a tradition of 
hard work and trading skills 
disappear in a generation? 
Why does unemployment 
among the children of the en- 
terprising, hardworking North 
Africans who came to France 
after the war soar above the 
national average? 

Mr. Rahmani, 38, a commu- 
nity activist, believes that dor- 
mant entrepreneurial skills can 
be reignited, given encourage- 
ment. 

To prove the point, he set up 
an association, known as 3CI, 
to help young people from im- 
migrant families establish 
their own businesses. In eight 
years the association, which 
has branches in Paris, Lyon 
and Bordeaux and a staff of 
about 40, has helped set up 
more than 1,300 businesses, 
including 494 last year. 

“Our purpose is to see that 
projects are feasible, not too 
Far-fetched,” he said “We go 
over the finances, the site, the 


that banks and other lending 


organizations will accept. 
“They out us on the 3 


“They put us on the road 
quickly,” said Franck Kes- 
sous, who with a partner estab- 
lished a physiotherapy clinic in 
apoor quarter three years ago. 
“They gave us a lot of confi- 
dence.” 

Today, the clinic employs 


eight, owns three 


grants, he set up 3CL initially 
to combat racism. The tide 
stands for Council for the Cre- 
ation of Enterprises and Inter- 
national Cooperation. 

The association has helped 
set up corner shops, an export- 
import business, a factory 
making transport pallets that 
employs 14 handicapped peo- 


adjoining pie, a gardening company, an 
instrument maker, a sports 
promotion company, an ad- 
vertising agency, a security 
firm and Kader Allies tiny 
pizzeria. 

Mr. Aline, 26, and his broth- 
er Mustafa had no money, no 
formal qualifications and no 
hope of bank financing when 
they decided to set up the busi- 
ness in a bleak housing project. 
But the brothers reckoned they 
could win the patronage of 
students and teachers at a 
nearby nursing school, and 
they were right. The caf6 is a 
bright spot in what used to be 
a no-go area, and Mr. Affile 
says ml the bills are paid. He 
said 3CI still helps him deal 
with frustrations over red tape. 

The businesses established 
with 3CPs help have a good 
survival record — about 20 
percent fail in the first year 
and about 35 percent in five 
years, which is half the nation- 
al average. Mr. Rahmani ar- 
gues that 3CTs 55 million 
franc ($1 million) budget last 
year saved the state money by 
turning welfare recipients into 
taxpayers. 

As his concept expands, Mr. 
Rahmani and his ham contin- 
ue to come up with new ideas. 
With government help, 3CI es- 


U P and ^ 
Coming 

An occasional series 
about the leaders 
of tomorrow. 


qualifications and the person- 
ality of the arm li cants. The es- 


ality of the applicants. The es- 
sential thing is that they must 
be made to understand the 
problems for themselves.” 

3CI, which is funded largely 
by city and government money 
and provides most of its ser- 
vices free, does not offer fi- 
nancing of its own. Zt shows 
candidates bow to apply for 
government aid, guides them 
through the maze of official 
regulations, and helps them 
put together a business plan 


apartments and is about to 
open a paramedical center. 

“The dune was our work, 
but we owe 3 Cl a moral debt,” 
said Mr. Kessous. “They al- 
ways gave us the idea that we 
were not alone. They keep in 
touch, not like a bank.” 

As a student at commercial 
school, the Algerian-bom Mr. 
R ahmani became involved 
with an organization dealing 
with problems of poverty in 
France and the developing 
world. Against his father’s 
wishes, he dropped out of the 
commercial school and stud- 
ied for a diploma in social 
studies. 

After a spell living with a 
native Indian tribe in northern 
Quebec, Mr. Rahmani set up 
an adventure playground for 
disadvantaged children in 
Marseille. 

Ten years ago, after prepar- 
ing a report for the city on 
social conditions among immi- 


tablished an office alongside a : 
branch of the national employ- - 
meat agency in an abandoned . 
supermarket in an immigrant: 
area. In less than a year, the 
office has helped 25 businesses 
get established, and has pre- 
pared about 80 business plans. 

The association also took 
over a floor in a building near 
the Marseille railway station 
and turned it into a nursery for 
fledgling businesses. At rela- 
tively low cost — 2^500 francs 


a month — a new company 
can rent an office for up to 23 


can rent an office for up to 23 
months, sharing a receptionist, 
secretary, photocopier and fax. 

machine. 


Mr. Rahmani spends his 
spare time managing Radio 
Soldi, which has a predomi- 
nantly North African and Jew- . 
ish audience. He also is a mem- 
ber of the National Council for 
Immigration. 

The next step might appear 
to be a career in politics. The 
only problem is that he has a 
low opinion of politicians and 
thinks they should not be 
trusted to run anything. Mar- 
seille has long been a magnet 


for political adventurers, such 
as Jean-Marie Le Pen, the er- 


as Jean-Marie Le Pen, the ex- 
treme rightist, and the maver- 
ick Socialist, Bernard Tapie. 

“Marseille needs a different 
kind of politician who will do 
justice to the city,” Mr. Rah- 
mani said. He said it was com- 
mon for politicians to use the 
city as a stage for national am- 
bitions ana ignore the prob- 
lems of the poor. 

Mr. Rahmani, who is mar- 
ried and has three sons, is & 



Of Palestinian’^ Death inOistodj 


JERUSALEM (AFP) — Haman ngttfs groups vo “ 

i j ■« niminv Snndav a fter & young Palestinian 


and demanded si inquiiy Sunday after * yow*fr nfesamn 
susp<Sof^IabtSi« with Israel died m PLO custody m 

Yort-hased & 

Palestere-liberation Otgamzauoq 


newrajucsumaaauuMMuj j ^ 

in detention of Farid Jartw.” It said it was , disturbed to learn 


The * die 28-year-okI taxi driver was told he had died of 
a heart attack, bat tns ratber said the body was “horribly ™ked 
by numerous traces Of beatings and ngurissT’ The Palestinian 
humasLtights group atHaq also ragpd an invention- 
The rights group, which is based m the 

occupied West J&ak town of RamaHah, said that Mr. Jarbu’s 
arrest at the end erf June, “reserabfcd a forced ladnappmg more 
than a. lawful arrest” . 


DHAKA, Bangladesh (AFP) — Hundreds of supporters df a 
Bangfidfeshi fundamentalist: grotto Sunday demonstrated to de- 
mand the enactment of an anti-blasphemy hew, witnesses said. ; 

Leaden of the Jamaat-e-Idami Party also called for "punish-- 
meat of “mfideb,^incf^Bg ^fagitiyCBanglarfcshr writer, Tas- 
fima Nasreco. •....-•••■ 

Tbfan law. Matiur Rahman Nizami, the party’s parliamentary 
leader, gave a petition containing die f tod k m erita fis tS* demands 
tb Home Mhustzy officials, sources said. 


BnjkatflBT 


Tahar Rahmani believes in Fetgrating traditional skills. 


paasianafft defender of Mar- reality, Mr. • Rahmani de- 
seflle’s ethnic bouillabaisse, scribes Marseille as having 


while recognizing its social enormous potential. 


problems. 


from the experi- 


“It is a laboratory if ideas,” 
he said. “Everything -happens 


LONDON (Reutws) — Prime hfinister JohnMajor on Sunday 
suspended two politicians a<t ministerial aides after 

they were accused in a newspaper artide of agreeing to file 
questions in ParBamentm. return for mopey. ^ 

RiddBck. boiK mnnV^^^ l P»rtiOTrK-nt , abused parliamentary 
private by agreeing to accept £1,000 ($1,500) from a reporter 
pretending to-be a businessman seeking information obtainable 


ence erf dealing daily with pco- here 10 years before the rest of 
pie trying to urm dreams into the nation.” 


through a paTfiamcntaiy question tp the government . , 

Both denied 'amy inq ?ro prict y. J But Mr. Major, attending the 
Group of Seven summit meeting in Napfes»moved swiftly to try tci 
quell anew political storm. Mr. Mmol’s spokesman announced 
toe two were suspended agp aifia raegiary private secretaries to 


Rwanda Rebels Promise a Truce but Rule Out Talks 


Compiled by Our Staff Fran tXfkaches 

KIGALI, Rwanda — Tutsi rebels 
said Sunday that they would not negoti- 
ate with the Hutu government but said 
Rwanda was nevertheless within days of 
a cease-fire. 

“As soon as we secure the areas we 
have captured and form a new govern- 
ment, we will declare a cease-fire,” Jac- 
ques Bibozagara, the rebels’ diplomatic 
director for Europe, said. 

“We expect it to be within days,” he 
said. 

Faustin Twagiramimgu, a moderate 
Hutu named prime minis ter in a multi- 
party agreement before fighting began 
m April, was expected to return from 
Brussels tins week to select the new 
government. 


Asked whether the rebels wen negoti- penetrate the town from several fronts capital and forced 


a ting with the government, Mr. Bihoza- 
gara said: “Never. Not one of those men 
did anything to distance himself from 
the slaughter.” 

In anticipation of the promised peace, 
thousands of refugees flooded the 
streets of Kigali on Sunday after rebel 
soldiers told them the capital was safe 
enough for them to go home. 

Advancing rebels, meanwhile, tight- 
ened their grip cm what remains of the 
rump government, battling its forces 
near the northwest garrison town, Ru- 
hengeri, overnight and driving thou- 
sands of terrified civilians westward. 

Journalists returning from Ruhengeri 
on Sunday said the rebel forces of the 
Rwandan Patriotic Front were trying to 


and that mortar shells had sent 400,000 back to the western border v 
refugees in camps fleeing for safety. After capturing the capital 

The rump government’s prime minis- rebels moved most of die j 
ter, Jean Kambanda, told a news confer- Hutu and Tutsi alike, into 
ence on Saturday that his army had run internment centers where too 
out of ammunition and faced defeat by already taken shelter, 
the rebels, who could capture the town Mr. Bihozagara said the government 
at will to be named by Mr. Twagiramungu 


onenl troops 
with Zaire, 
il July 4, the 
population. 


The Red Cross estimates that more would be broad-based and include rep- 


North Says 
Its Forces 
Control AU 
Of Yemen 


minis ters penriing ihe outcome of an inquiry by the House of 
Commons. - 


Nepalese Prime Mmkter Resigns 


KATMANDU, Nepal (AFP) — Prime h 
Koirala of Nepal resigned on Smday after 
Parliament in adebate <mhis gove rnm e n t's ; 
radio announced. 


Prasad 


prog ram , state 


“King Bxrendra received Mr.- Koirala in audience and -has! 
xeoted his resignation.” the announcement said. After the vote 


than 500,000 Rwandans were killed af- resen tatives of all of Rwanda's major 
ter President Juv&nal Habyarimana’s political parties. 


plane was shot down on April 6. Most A top priority now, he said, was to 


were minority Tutsis killed by govern- rush emergency aid to the 3 million 


meat militias. 

The Tutsi rebels, who had signed a 
cease-fire with the government in June, 
immediately launched a new offensive. 


Within three months, they overran the Cross said. 


Rwandans forced out of their homes. 

Another 2 milli on Rwandans, more 
than a quarter of the population of 7.4 
million, are unaccounted for, the Red 


The Associated Pro* 
SAN’A, Yemen — Govern- 
ment forces expanded their 
control over the whole of . Ye- 
men on Sunday after the re- 


accepted his resignation,” the announcement said. After the vote 
on the governments annual socio-economic and political program 
was announced, Mr, Kcsralannet wifh ministers and leaders or the 
governing Nepali Congress Party. He then decided to step down. 

A parliamentary source said Mr. Koirala might advise King 
Birendra to dissolve Parhament and calL elections before a May 
1996 deadfiue. 


Greek Police Wound an A lbanian 

ATHENS (Reuterai -^'HwpeSce m Greece shot arid wc 


(AP, Reuters) 


Voting With an Eye on Russia 


Closer Ties to Moscow Are Seen for Ukraine and Belarus 


By Steven Erlanger 

New York Times Service 

MOSCOW — Ukraine and 
Belarus chose presidents Sun- 
day in elections that have been 
dominated by debates about re- 
lations with Russia 

The outcomes, which are 
likely to produce a tighter core 
of Slavic post-Soviet states, are 
being closely watched in Wash- 
ington and Europe, where con- 


cern over Russian neoimperia- 
lism is growing. 

Ukraine and Belarus, with 
Russia, make up the Slavic 
heartland, and many Russians, 
at least, have a difficult time 
drawing these new sovereign 
borders in their heads. 

But it was the leaders of Rus- 
sia, Belarus and Ukraine who 
together broke up the Soviet 
Union when they met in Minsk 


in December 1991 and decided 
on independence. 

While Ukraine and Belarus 
have had brief periods of sover- 


S in the past, the question 
spendence is much sham- 


Bonn High Court Expected 
To Back UN Military Role 


Reuters 

BONN — German leaders 
expect the high court to give 


Bonn a green light on Tuesday 
for a world military role with 


for a world military role with 
the United Nations, casting 
aside the posture of military re- 
straint the country adopted af- 
ter World War IL 
Politicians and government 
officials said they expected the 
court to back Chancellor Hel- 
mut Kohl's efforts to have Ger- 
many join peacekeeping and 
combat missions under a UN 
mandate. 


The court must rule on a 
complaint by the opposition 
Social Democrats against the 
use of German trows in NA- 
TO’s monitoring of UN sanc- 
tions and the no-fly zone in the 
former Yugoslavia, and peace- 
keep ing — since abandoned — 

The Social Democrats argue 
that the 1949 constitution, 
drawn up in reaction to Nazi 
militarism, explicitly forbids 
the use of German troops ex- 
cept in the defense of Germany 
or its NATO partners. 


of independence is much sharp- 
er in Ukraine, where (lie more 
nationalist western half of the 
country was Sovietized only af- 
ter World War II. 

Still, both Ukrainian candi- 
dates — Leonid M. Kravchuk, 
the nationalist-backed incum- 
bent and former Communist 
Party ideology secretary, and 
Leonid D. Kuchma, a former 
prime minister from eastern 
Ukraine — say they mil work 
for closer economic and politi- 
cal ties to Russia. 

But with weak economies 
and currencies, Ukraine and 
Belarus are looking toward 
friendlier, more privileged 
banking and trade relations 
with Russia. 

In Belarus, both candidates 
called for economic union with 
Russia, while one calls for the 
re-creation of the Soviet Union. 
The conservative prime minis- 
ter, Vyacheslav F. Kebich, ma- 
neuvered to create the post of 
president so he could CD it But 
he was humiliated in the first 
round by the strong populist 


round by the strong populist 
showing of Alexander Luka- 
shenko, who won 44.8 percent 
of the vote to Mr. Kebich's 17 3. 


ask the butter... 




Wm imm n sijltieg fie Mtr it It it. 


Mr. Lukashenko, 39, calls for 
fixed prices, no privatization, a 
ban on private ownership of 
land and an end to inflation. 
Mr. Kebich, 59, seems stunned 
by the popular anger and, like 
Mr. Kuchma in Ukraine, has 
found little benefit from Mos- 
cow’s open political support. 



men on aunuay ATfffit® (Reulic^-^ThepeBcefe<ieeceshot arid wounded- 

mamder « southern section- ^ Albanian. wosnhnSon^y after toe car she was riding in failed 
? f ^* S .2 e 1 ki? to stop far a searci near the Albanmn border, 

countries, the Defense Ministry • The woman was woQndedseriouriym toe head arid her hus- 

sa ?r ... .. . , band was arrested. Two or; three other bocd abandoned the car and! 

Forces of the northern-based fled into the rugged border countryside on foot, a police spokes- 0 
government began withdrawing mail in Ioanmna said. He said the car was on. the Greek side of the! : 

Swaas-ap; 

a to** bac* wooridmg toe woman, ^Soketoan sai<T^ 


spokesman said- ; ■ i. :.. 

The northern government of 
AH Abdullah Saleh proclaimed 
victory last Thursday in toe 
ninewcek dvil war after, toe 
city feO and separatist leaders 
fled the country. 

The spokesman said rem- 
nants of toe southern secession- 
ist army had evaimated tofe 
town of Sayum, one the math 
cities in the eastern provmqe o£ 
Hadhramaut, and also, left 
Mahrah Province. 

The southerners headed 
across toe bonier to Saudi Ara- 
bia and Oman or across thc Bab 
al Mandab strait to Djibouti. 
They took some aircraft, navy 
boats and other military equip- 
ment with them. 

San*a has asked its neighbors 
to return Ihe materiel, 'the' 
spokesman said. - 

General Saleh also met with 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


ROME(AP)' An iodine workers’ strike threatened to ground 
most Afitaha:|J^gbte_and cause ddays at some airports an Mon- 
day. .. ^ . 

‘ The 24-hour strike Off Sets aUmtetnatknialand domestic flights 
from . Rpme ^d^JSqdes^wjbere the Group of Seven summit 
meeting ended Sunday. The Make could hanper the departure of 
same rtdc ga t totg an d joraririHsts. But Alitalia said it would 

^favY^^ Bangkok and most Europemi destinations. 

' Uirions are brotetmg ASfifia’s cost-saving plan to cut 4,000 


menl with them. . jobs! I^wee£^two-day steBoe by flight crews forced Alitalia ttf- 

San'a has asked itsneigh.bOTa cancdhalfrisflights. A planned walkout by air traffic conlrdlkis 
to return Lhe matftriel, .the was ddayea i-ntillater mis month. - • 

spokesman said. '• T • “ 

General Saleh also met with resort city of JEast London, South., 

the Saudi ambassador, Ali Qo- Am ca, w 6re t^sed Sunday after a Great White* shade attadred- 
faidai* to hand over a message ^*oMdw«tmS^urday, Swith African radio reported. One of the 
to King FahdcaDing for “good sorfere lost his right :kg in the attack. : (AFPy 

SnoSSS ^ - 

ment said.^ The north had ao- r* 10 ?** 0 * % s* 0 ? ** of mfihons ofjeDyfish,^ thenmusterfor, 
cused Saudi Arabia and .toe tounsmsaid * .. ' : = ... :4 v (4&>_ 

Gulf states of raovidiiig finmt- people were fatoned by buBs Sunday in Pampkma, Spain. 

last week announced a pardon . ' .. . ' 'P 

for all who fought against the Oina wWfeAla l^OO^dloneter highspeed trio fine betweou 

northern-based government, Beging and Sha^hail^ toe end of the century* the Xinhua new® 
excluding the southern leader; agowy rqxated Sunday; The total cost of toe 800-mile line is 1 - 
Ali Salem Baid, and 15 of ins csttmated'anoe biffion yuan (SI L6 bflBon), it added (APf 
top aides. ...'.7' . ... ». 


neighboriy relations and coop- g_-L. 
eration,” an official announce- 
ment said The north had ao- S” 
cused Saudi Arabia and toe Umnsmsi 
Gulf states of providing finan- Three p 
dal backing to the secessicmists. bringing t 
The official Yemeni media . bull etins, 
last week announced a pardon 
for all who fought agamst the 
northern-based government, Bepngaq 
excluding the sou than leader, a&spey to 


About 3,000 southern prison- 
ers of war have been releas&L 7 


• Banking and govermneto offices 'wm be dosed or sendees! 
cartefled m the- fcdlowim countries and their dependencies this* 
week because of natiouaTarid rdigious holidays: ■ - * 


Ukrainian 


a polling station in Kiev. 


Reuters 

RIYADH — Yasser Arafat, 
the Palestine liberation Orga- 
nization leader, arrived Satur- 
day in Jidda on a 24-hour visit 
for talks with King Fahd, Palest' 
liman sources saW. 


MONB4.YI MmyJh ~ ^ 

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THURSDAY: ftnccrlia^Mpnco. 

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Sources: JJP. Morgan, Reuters. 


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Imprint? par Offprint, 7d rue del ‘Evattgue, 75U1# Parts. 

‘ ' 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JIXY II, 1994 


Page 3 






Pj 


T*— f 1 : 

K - *■**.': rf jv*--; 

frit. is. ml 


70 



TEL 


Special 


intend^?D^ 7 ^? bert B - Fiske Jr - Ae Whitewater 
mittS that askeriW^ 7, i)a ^ r rcbu ^ eda congressional com- 

B^UnB 1 f>^S ed ®& n '™<K» to testify before the Housc 
^“■mdtlees ctainn™, Henry B. 
with Ite^rSS of Teas, released his oorrejwndence 

JjV} S"* 9 fl ‘ e “ I “nittee, Mr. Fiske wrote; “Ibelieveit 

^^KSSBSaTflS^-' 

In a separate Tetter to Mr. Gonzalez, MrFiske discouraged 

'5SKZ3Zii*T& b l“ me C^ton administration oni!. 
nais on pie grounds that their appearance could edmpromitse 

W 1116 officials that Mr. Fiske said 

cc^Id be involved m his mqtriiy were two former senior 
officials at the Justice Department, Philip. B. HeymamL the' 
former deputy attorney general, and Webster L. HubbelL the 
tormer associate attorney general. • (bfYT) 

Undoing a Concession on Air Q^Hy . 

WASHINGTON — The Clinton administration has 
moved to overturn one of the biggest concessions President 
George Bush gave industry during its fierce battle with 
environmentalists over enforcement of the 1990 Clean Air 
Act 

In. a controversial 1992 decision, Mr. Bush eased the rules 
under which industries could expand their operations even if 
the expansion would result in higher levels of emissions than 
allowed by the permits they had obtained. 

During the debate over the issue, environmentalists favored 
a provision that would have permitted the public to chaflenge 
changes in industrial emissions before any expansion could 
proceed. 

But the White House Competitiveness Council, under the 
leadership of Vice President Dan Quayle, argued that such a 
.rule would stymie industrial growth and hamper attempts to 
bring the country out of recession.' 

The Environmental Protection Agency administrator, Car- 
ol M. Browner, has proposed a rule requiring a 'period of 
public comment on potential increases in etmaprifig whenever 
businesses apply to expand operations. The rule, whibh would 
take effect after a 90-day comment period, would overturn 
Mr. Bush's earlier derision. ' ........ (WP) 

CtintonVAIPS Official Chits Under Fire 

WASHINGTON — President Bill Clinton's chief AIDS 
policy officer, Kristine ML Gebbie, submitted her resignation 
after a rocky U-month tenure. ' . - - . 

Her departure had been rumored for weeks. Advocates for 
people with AIDS had .been unhappy with Ms. Gebbie ever 
since she was named and it became clear that she* would not 
be the sort of high-profile administrator in the AIDS battle 
that the Clinton campaign bad promised. 

Experts on _ AIDS policy said that Ms. Gebbie, a former 
health commission in the state of Washington, had been 
hampered by the ill-defined nature of herjob. And while they 
credited her with good intentions, they said her lack of 
political savvy had prevented her from making something of a 
job with little authority. 

The budget for AIDS care and research has increased 
substantially under Mr. Clinton, and. prevention programs are 
being completely reorganized. Those -were two of the major 
demands that groups active on behalf of people with AIDS 
and HIV, the virus that causes 'AIDS, made before Mr. 
Clinton's election. But Ms. Gebbie was seenas having little to 
da with those developments. - (NYT) 


OnCompoign Trail, 


Mum’s the Word on 
Clinton Health Plan 


By Richard L. Bake 

New Jerk Times Service 

SAN BERNARDINO, Cali- 
fornia —Health care may be at 
the top of Beadent Bill Gin- 
ton’s agenda, but at least for 
now it has sunkujMr the bottom 
as an on the. campaign 
trail 


blamed for gridlock if no sub- 
stantial measure is enacted. 

Many experts say Mr. Clin- 
ton has no one but himself to 
blame for the current M. After 
creating a sense of urgency by 
linking health care to the larger 
notion of security for all Ameri- 
say, he allowed i 


cans, they sa_. 

With voters saying they con- nents of his plan to 
skier crime; arid the' economy much of the nation into 



QoofcT/KJvi quota 




President Clinton, after noting that no foreign visitors had 
been asked to attend Kim H Sung's funeral: “If .they were 
inviting foreign dignitaries to the funeral dr receiving them, I 
would certainly send someone there.” : • - • fAP) 


more pressing, '- and with con- 
gressional debate mired in com- 
plicated and contradictory 
health-insurance frills, most in- 
cumbents surveyed around the 
countiy barely gave health care 
a nod as they campaigned back 
home during the. Fourth of July 
recess last vnxk. 

Virtually : no Democrats 
made a pbmt Of publicly em- 
bracing Mr. CIin ton’s embat- 
tled proposal Arid even some 
of the physicians running for 
office have abandoned health 
care as their driving issue. 

In California, the state with 
the second-highest ratio of un- 
insured people to total popula- 
tion, Senator Dianne Femstein, 
a Democrat seeking re-election, 
spent her time not on health 
care but on events geared to the 
crime issue, which carries none 
of health care’s political risks. 

"Violence is the No. 1 issue 
in the state of Catifnmia to- 
day,” Ms. Femstein said in an 
interview. “Next to that, I 
would have to say people axe 
worried about whether they 
have ajob today, and at the end 
of the year.” 

. The current absence of any 
public passion on health care is 
bad news for the White House, 
.threatening to diminish the 
president’s ability to pressure 
lawmakers to meet his line-in- 
th e-sand demand for universal 
coverage and his proposal for 
some form of requirement that 
employers pay for it 
' Beyond that, many advocates 
of a health-care overhaul be- 
lieve, the silence could jeopar- 
dize efforts to reach consensus 
on a compromise. 

Backers of the president's 
proposal predict that interest 
will be rekindled when the issue 
advances to the House and Sen- 
ate floors later this summer and 
the nation begins to focus on 
specific legislation. 

■ Their best hope, they say,., is 
that incuiribcats of both parties 
will realize that health care’s 
political ri sk is double-edged: 
that rd though they may be ai- 
tatikC for backing a given pro- 
posal they are also liable to be 


A New ZJ.S. Realism on Haiti 

Junta’s Ouster Would Not Be Enough to Restore Aristide 


By Walter Pincus , 

Washington Pan Service 

! WASHINGTON — Al- 
though the Clinton administra- 
tion has stressed the need to 
replace Haiti’s top toe mfli- 
taxy leaders, it recognizes that 
their ouster would not be 
enough to end the yioknee and 

restore exiled President Jean- 

Bertrand Aristide. 

jpt fteMd the administration 
accepts long-held CIA analyses 
that the reaTpower in Haiti, and 
most of the violence, can be 
traced to the lower ranks of the 
Haitian nrifitaiy: the noncom- 


Away From 
Politics 


• What is being called the 
worst flooding to hit Geor- 
gia and parts of Alabama 
and norm Florida in this 
century has cost at least 24, 
lives in the last week. Five 
parsons are missing after 
heavy rain from a stalled 
tropical storm pushed doa- 
ens of usually tranquil nvere 
and creeks over their banks. 

• Young Mucks at 
NAACP contefl&oa m 
cun are sending a message 
totbear elders: Stop com- 
plaining about theevas of 
white society anjf -Sto 
looking within- We can t 

blame another raws f« 

problems, said Angel 
Walters, 17* 

California, one of hundreas 
of black tecnagers co^^ 
ina for writing and artistic 

^r&th.atumd 

National Association f°r 
the Advancement of Goi 
ored people convention- 

.CkwraorMunoOwoo' 5 

administration 

the green fight to New Yeas 

S ?.$£3 

to fifcht fra* 4 “ ! “21 a 

5 £* s £ ia ' 

state rsgulanoo^ ^ N1T 


missioned 'corporals and ser- 
geants, and.thor families. 

The White House believes it 
is unrealistic to tty to change 
the Haitian milit ary from the 
bottom up, a task, that has been 
attempted unsuccessfully by 

past OA governments over sev- 

en decades, according to 
sources familiar with the ad- 
ministration’s thinking. 

As a result, the administra- 
tion is gambling that removal of 
Haiti’s top mmtaiy leadership 
would open the way for new, 
more cooperative senior offi- 
cers to emerge, the sources said 
last week. 

“They’re looking for oppor- 
tunistic or right-thinking mili- 
tary leaders who will . go along 
with an Aristide-type govern- 
ment or its equivalent, and bop- 
tbat the rest of the military 
follow,” one of the sources 
said. 

It is not clear there axe such 
officers; or. if there were, that 
they could overcome resistance 
from the rest of the Haitian 
.armed forces. But the adminis- 
tration has few options, given 
the structure of the Haitian mil- 
itary. . 

{resident Bill Gin ton and his 
rhief spokesmen have made a 
focus of their Haitian policy the 
need to remove the military 
troika that leads the country: 
lieutenant General Raoul Ca- 
dres, the commander in chief; 
Brigadier General Philippe 
Biamby, the army chief of staff; 
and Lieutenant Colonel Michel ■ 


alone will solve the prot 

source close to the Whiti 


>btem,”a 
rite House 

said. 

R. James Woolsev Jt, direc- 
tor of central intelligence, has 
stressed to Clinton policymak- 

ers a “long-held” intelligence 
community view that “remov- 
ing these gpys and reintroduc- 
ing Aristide would not 
the violence,” an official 
Some of the CIA’s past re- 
porting on Haiti has caused 



critical 

the administration accepts the 
agency’s views on the Haitian 
military. 

One. CIA official compared 

the Haitian militar y to a “group 

of quasi-organized extortion 
groups” that rale the country- 
side as tlssy have done for years. 
_ “It’s king of the bill in a vio- 
lent system,” he said. If Father 
Aristide returns, this official 
added, “They fear for their lives 
and fortunes.” 

In a sign of the strength of 
the lower ranks, a senior UJ5. 
intelligence official said Gener- 
al C£dras was “brought along” 
when the lower-rankmg cadres 
revolted in 199V against Father 
Aristide. 

Recognition of the makeup 
and important role of the Hai- 
tian mflitaiy in that country's 
society, as portrayed in the CTA 
analyses, has vastly complicat- 
ed planning to meet the current 
situation. 

Given the intelligence assess- 

FranCOis, the police chief of ment,the administration has re- 
Port-au-Prince and the region's fused so far to approve any new 


military commander. 

Mr. CHnton has threatened 
indirectly to use military force 
to oust the dictatorship if cco- 
nomic sanctions fail to do so. 

But the administration is 
“binder no delusions that this 


covert action by the CIA de- 
signed to buy off General Cfc- 
dras and the other two military 
leaders. There also is no current 
support for promotion of a mil- 
itary coup against the Haitian 
leaders. 


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ing that it would cost too much 
or compromise care. 

“Chilton squandered the sa- 
lience of health-care reform by 
his cockamamy nine-month 
task force,” said Ted Marmor, a 
public policy professor at the 
Yale School of Management 
who was an informal health- 
care adviser to the Clinton tran- 
sition team. 

“Over the past year, the pub- 
lic has become more rather than 
less confused about the link be- 
tween the problems and the 
remedies,’ 4 he said. “The 
choices now are between some 
Chinese-menu compromise, 
where they take a little bit from 
a lot of other things, or literally 
deadlock.” 

Another predicament for the 
White House is that perhaps the 
worst thing going for the presi- 
dent’s proposal is its very name: 
the Gin ton plan. 

Polls show that despite some 
nervousness over other ele- 
ments, most Americans favor 
tire plan’s cornerstones: univer- 
sal insurance and employer 
mandates. But, the findings 
suggest, the same people have 
reservations about the author. 

According to the latest Gal- 
lup peril, 77 percent support 
guaranteed coverage for all 
And 52 permit say employers 
should pay either all or most of 
the insurance premiums. 



Chrii Mamna/IVe AMflaucd Frm 

Mr. Simpson’s childrefl from his first marriage, Jason, left, and ArneHe, after visiting their father, who tamed 47 Satmday. 

A Tougher Test Awaits in Simpson Case 


By Michael Janofsky 

New York Tuna Service 

LOS ANGELES — For all 
its drama and sensation, the six- 
day hearing that persuaded a 
municipal court judge to order 
OJ. Simpson arraigned on two 
charges of first-degree murder 
was a breeze for prosecutors. 
They only had to demonstrate 
that a crime had been commit- 
ted and that Mr. Simpson was 
the likely assailant. 

Now, the prosecuting be- 
comes harder. To win a convic- 
tion in Superior Court, the dis- 
trict attorney’s office will have 
to meet a much higher standard 


of proof in trying to persuade a 
jury of 12 people beyond rea- 
sonable doubt that Mr. Simp- 
son killed his former wife, Ni- 
cole Brown Simpson, and her 
friend, Ronald L. Goldman, by 
stabbing them to death. 

For now, it is virtually impos- 
sible to know how a trial wfl] 
play out if Mr. Simpson, the 
actor and former football star, 
holds to his plea of not guilty 
and his alibi that be was at 
home asleep when the murders 
occurred outside Mrs. Simp- 
son’s town house on the night of 
June 12. 

In the preliminary hearing. 


AMERICAN 

TOPICS 


Wlty Experts of U.S. Statecraft 
Neglect die World of Religion 

Religion has been systematically neglected 
as a factor in international affairs, according 
to the Center for Strategic and International 
Studies, a Washington research institution 
with a reputation for harboring tough-mind- 
ed scholars and diplomatists. 

These experts contend that policymakers, 
diplomats, strategists and journalists focus on 
economic assets, military forces and social 
and political rivalries while scarcely noting 
the role of religion. When a Central Intelli- 
gence Agency analyst proposed an examina- 
tion of the leading religious leaders in Iran 
when the shah was still on the Peacock 
Throne, the idea was rejected as indevant 
And so the ayatollahs went largely unnoticed. 

In H Rdigion: The Misting Dimention of 
Statecraft,” a collection of studies that Ox- 
ford University Press will publish next 
month, the center's scholars say one reason 
religion is slighted in U.S. statecraft is the 
principle of the separation of church and state 
and the resulting tendency of American cul- 
ture to relegate religion to the realm of the 
personal 

A second reason is the school of realism, 
which emphasizes the primacy in internation- 
al relations of “national interest” defined in 
terms of power and material advantages rath- 
er than ideals. 

Henry Kissinger’s new book, “Diploma- 
cy” a vast realist study erf politics and diplo- 
macy, contains no entry for religion, Chris- 
tianity, Judaism or Islam. Nor does it contain 
any entry for Mohandas K. Gandhi, Martin 
Luther King Jr. or Pope John Paul II. 

Short Takes 

The Battimore police department has in- 
stalled a $10 million automated booking sys- 
tem toprocess the 70,000 arrests made each 
year. The system is designed to cut at least a 
half-hour from the tune it takes to process 


each incoming prisoner, and to free at least 
100 policemen for other duties. The computer 
retrieves criminal records, tells jailers if pris- 
oners are violent, HIV-positive or suicidal, 
and takes a video mug shot. Prisoners are 
electronically fingerprinted by rolling their 
fingertips across a glass screen. The computer 
then checks for previous prints. 

A bucket fid of water and ice cubes is the 
fastest way to chill a bottle of wine, Frank J. 
Prial notes in The New York Times. It can 
take three times as long if the water is omitted 
— and longer than ihaL if the wine is simply 
put in the refrigerator's freezer compartment. 
“Air is a poor conductor of heat,” Mr. Prial 
notes, “and even with the ice, much of the 
space around the bottle is taken up by air. It’s 
a common error. Many waiters never bother 
to add water to an ice bucket. Some insist it's 
not necessary. It is.” 

Another New York Times writer, Dan 
Shaw, notes somewhat sadly that the stan- 
dard greeting on the New York party circuit, 
which saves the greeter from remembering 
whether he or she has met the person greeted 
before, is “Nice to see you” instead of “Nice 
to meet you” or “How do you do?” This 
obviates the possibility of a faux pas but 
“makes people sound like politicians trying to 
win your favor, which, in a way, many of them 
are.” 

Cats that Call five to nine stories are often 
killed or seriously injured, while cats that fall 
farther often emerge bandy harmed, accord- 
ing to a study conducted by New York’s 
Animal Medical Center and New York Uni- 
versity. The veterinarians and physicists 
found that the average cat reaches a “terminal 
velocity” of 60 miles (100 kilometers) per 
hour at five stories; from then on, it falls no 
faster. But after nine stories, cats manage to 
get into a position that somehow cushions the 
impact of landing. 

Bade is ISOS, Fred Tenney, a first baseman 
for the New York Giants, stole second base in 
a game against the Sl Louis Cardinals. Then, 
impudently, he ran back to first on the next 
pitch. On the following pitch he again stole 
second. The umpires huddled but could find 
no rule prohibiting a steal in reverse. Reverse 
stealing subsequently was declared illegal 
International Herald Tribune 


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prosecutors presented only a 
bare -bones case; built largely 
on circumstantial evidence, of- 
fering a single drop of blood as 
the strongest link between Mr. 
Simpson and the murder scene. 

And Mr. Simpson’s lawyers, 
knowing it was unlikely that 
they would prevail at the hear- 
ing, had no need to reveal the 
strength of their defense. 

In any event, many legal ex- 
perts say cases layered with cir- 
cumstantial evidence are not 
only challenging for prosecu- 
tors. they are also the most dif- 
ficult to defend. 

“You can always find ways to 
impeach a witness or an ex- 
pert,” said Gerald L. Gialeff, a 
prominent defense lawyer in 
Los Angeles not involved with 
the case. “But a case with lots of 
circumstantial evidence gives 
you no one thing to attack. It all 
piles up against you,” 

The district attorney's office 
has been building the pile since 
the victims* bodies were discov- 
ered. In arguments at the hear- 
ing before Judge Kathleen Ken- 
nedy- Powell, prosecutors relied 


mostly on blood-stained items, 
testimony that demonstrated 
Mr. Simpson had had the time 
to cany out the killings and the 
lack of any witness to say he 
was elsewhere at the time. 

But the prosecutors' case in 
the hearing was presented with- 
out several key components 
that could cause problems at 
the trial Any jury, Mr. Chaleff 
said, might be reluctant to con- 
vict a well-known and once-re- 
spected celebrity on such seri- 
ous charges — let alone, send 
him to his death — without see- 
ing a murder weapon, hearing 
from an eyewitness or under- 
standing why Mr. Simpson 
could have committed such a 
brutal crime. 

Despite testimony from two 
dozen witnesses in the prelimi- 
nary hearing, prosecutors did 
not or could not produce the 
knif e believed to have been 
used in die killings. Nor did 
they call to the stand anyone 
who had witnessed the killings 
or who could explain why Mr. 
Simpson might have been in- 
volved. 


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Page 4 


INTERNATIONAL wire AT T) TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY11, 1994 


*+ 


Great Leader’ Ruled Alone 

Kim R Sung Made All Decisions, Including a Costly War 


By David E. Sanger 

New York Times Service 

• TOKYO — Kim n Sung, the 
mao who launched the Korean 
War, leading to the deaths of 
hundreds of thousands, is dead. 

The official North Korean 
press agency, KCNA, issued a 
seven-page announcement of 
President Kim's death, stress- 
ing that he would be remem- 
bered as a man capable of “cre- 
ating something from nothing.*’ 

“He turned our country 
where age-old backwardness 
and poverty had prevailed into 
a powerful Socialist country, in- 
dependent, self-supporting and 
self-reliant," the statement said. 
It called him the “sun of the 
nation." 

Mr. Kim, 82, revered 
throughout the country as the 
“Great Leader," is reported to 
have collapsed with a heart at- 
tack Thursday. He died early 
Friday, according to a broad- 
cast by Pyongyang radio. 

The news agency said his son 
and heir apparent, Kim Jong H, 
would direct the funeral of his 
father. 

Mr. Kim, who was North Ko- 
rea’s leader since 1945, was last 
seen, apparently healthy, dur- 
ing talks June 15-16 with Presi- 
dent Jimmy Carter in Much he 
agreed to freeze North Korea’s 


nuclear program in return for 
restarting high-level talks with 
the United States over an end to 
the country’s five-decade-long 
isolation. 

Mr. Carter said last week that 
Mr. Kim told him at the time 
that he planned to “remain ac- 
tive for the next 10 years.” 

For half a century. North 
tially a 
by Kim 


Death Is a Blow 
To U.S. Initiative 
On Nuclear Arms 


By Jim Maim 

Los Armeies Times Service 

GENEVA — The death of President Kim Q Sung could not 
have come at a worse time for the United States in its efforts 
to stop North Korea from acquiring nuclear weapons. 

It means that the leadership in Pyongyang wul be strug- 
gling to sort out its internal politics over the next crucial 
months, just when North Korea is facing major decisions 
about the future of its nuclear program, about the disposal of 
highly radioactive nuclear fuel and, more generally, about its 
relations with the rest of the world. 

If Mr. Kim’s eldest son, Kim Jong D, emerges in control in 
Pyongyang, he will usher in the world’s first Communist 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


dynasty. No other Communist leader ever passed on power 
from parent to «hfld_ At the very least, that means months of 
uncertainty for the United States. 

“Even if Kim Jong II takes the rains of power, we won't 
know for a while how sohd his leadership is or whether he will 
last," said Leonard Spector, a nuclear specialist at the Carne- 
gie Endowment for International Peace. “dearly, there’s a 
faction in Pyongyang that wants to push this forward," he 
added, referring to North Korea's nuclear weapons program. 

And so it may he <me of history’s unending ironies that Mr. 
Kim’s death is being greeted by the United States with more 


than a little regret. 

Bsident ‘ 


When President Bill Clinton, at the Group of Seven eco- 
nomic summit meeting in Naples, expressed ’‘sincere condo- 
lences” to the people of North Korea, it was more than mere 
politeness. The North Korean leader, who has been viewed 
since the beginning of the Cold War as one of America’s 
leading adversaries, became in his final days the man with 
whom U-S. policymakers hoped to make a deal. 

True, Mr. Kim had fought one bloody war against the 
United States and its South Korean allies and opposed U.S. 
policy in Asia far more than four decades. But he was 
considered the only one in Pyongyang with the unchallenge- 
able authority needed to cot off North Korea’s developing 
nuclear weapons program before it destabilized all of East 
Asia. 

Consider the plight the United States and its principal allies 
in the region, Japan and Sooth Korea, now find themselves in: 

• Talks in Geneva between the United States and North 
Korea about the nuclear program were temporarily halted 
Saturday, a day after they had started. Nor\h Korean negotia- 
tors apparently found out about Mr. Kim’s death when a UJS. 
official woke up one of his counterparts in the early morning 
hours and told him to tom on CNN. 

• Even if the talks start up again, they may not go anywhere 
for a Mule. Mr. Kim's death means that North Korea could 
well have either erratic leadership under Kim Jong D or an 
unstable or paralyzed leadership over the next few months. 

• Meanwhile, thousands of highly radioactive nuclear fuel 
rods are cooling off in pools alongside North Korea's 25- 
megawatt nuclear reactor at Yongbyon. Something has to be 
done with them within the next few months before they begin 
to corrode. If arrangements are not made for the disposal of 
this spent fuel, as the United States hopes to do in the Geneva 
talks, then the rods could well be tamed into weapons-grade 
plutonium at North Korea’s reprocessing plant. 

• Even if the immediate crisis involving the fuel rods is 
resolved, the new North Korean leadership will have to be 
persuaded to give up its other nuclear installations, including 
a reprocessing plant and a 200-megawatt reactor now undo- 
construction at Yongbyon, Much could produce enough 
plutonium for eight to 10 nuclear weapons a year. 

In the face of these gloomy prospects, what hope does the 
Clinton administration have for peacefully defusing the 
North Korean crisis? 

First, it is at least theoretically possible that Kim Jong II 
may turn out to be something less than the demon that 
Western intelligence agencies have depicted. 

A second possibility for a peaceful resolution of the nuclear 
crisis is that someone else in Pyongyang may take over the 
reins of power. This scenario, however, carries its own dan- 
gers. Korean history is foil of examples of bloody power 
struggles and coups. 


confidence of the North Kore- 
an mili tary. 

Many analysts have speculat- 
ed that the death of the elder 
Mr. Kim would touch off a 
power struggle and perhaps a 
crumbling of the country’s 
Communist government 

But such a process could take 
years. There is little under- 


family business headed by 
Q Sung, whose image is cap- 
tured m monuments in every 
town and who is credited, in the 
national mythology and in 
song, with the country’s cre- 
ation and development. 

His cult of personality is ev- 
erywhere, celebrated in “mass 
games" on his birthday that in- 
volve hundreds of thousands, 
and in the everyday invocation 
of his philosophy of Juche, or 
national self-reliance. 

Yean ago, in an attempt to 
create something of a Stalinist 
dynasty, Mr. Kim designated 
his son, known as the “Dear 
Leader,” as his successor. 

But there have been persis- 
tent doubts over whether the 
younger Mr. Kim, a reclusive 
and deeply mysterious man 
who, according to Western in- 
telligence reports, may not be 
mentally stable, would win the 


standing of die country’s lead- 
the 


ership elite beyond the elder 
Mr. Kim, who has been widely 
regarded as the only man able 
to make major decisions for the 
country. 

With the nation’s economy 
shrinking and its factories 

grinding to a halt, Mr. Kim'S 
“Paradise on Earth," as his pro- 
paganda machine calls it, seems 
headed toward collapse. 

Its nuclear program, winch 
may or may not have already 
succeeded in producing one or 
two weapons, has in the past 
two years become the biggest 
security crisis in Asia. 

Mr. Kim was installed by 
Stalin shortly after the end of 
World War IL 

Bom on the outskirts of 
Pyongyang, in a (hatch house 
that is visited daily by thou- 
sands of North Koreans, he 
spent nearly 20 years of his 
youth in Manchuria, the North 
Korean border areas and the 
Soviet Union as a guerrilla 
fighter against the Japanese. 

Shortly after the official cre- 
ation of the Democratic Peo- 


ples’ Republic of Korea in 1948, 


consolidated his power. 

He launched the Korean War 
in 1950, in a blitzkrieg attack 
that took Washington and 
Seoul by total surprise. His 
goal, he said, was to reunite the 
Korean Peninsula, and it took 
three years to fight to an armi- 
stice. 

Since then the Demilitarized 
Zone dividing North and South 
has been (he most heavily- 
armed outpost of the Cold War, 
and 36,000 American troops are 
stOl stationed near it 

For years it appeared that his 
country would be the stronger 
of thetwoKoreas: It had all the 
raw materials a nd nntfl the ear- 

ly 1960s, a healthier economy. 
But that reversed as the capital- 
ist South, with aid from the 
United States and Japan and a 
population of 42 milli on — 
compared to 22 milli on m the 
North — surged ahead as a pro- 
ducer of steel, cars and semi- 
conductors. 

The North, diplomatically 
isolated, went into slow decline, 
increasingly dependent on Chi- 
na and the Soviet Union for oil 
and critical industrial goods. 

Its own industrial base was 
left over from the Japanese oc- 
cupation, save for some major 
projects that President Kim was 
credited Mth directing with “on 
tire spot guidance." 

With the end of the Cold 
War, however, Mr. Kim was 
quickly abandoned by bis allies. 
Russia embraced the South, ear 


China also opened relations 
Mth Seoul, and Mr. Kim, on 
periodic trips to Beijing, was 
with airport signs for 
_ , the huge South Kore- 
an conglomerate. Recently, 
South Korea’s leaders began 
visiting Moscow and Beijing 

regularly. 

To save his regime, Mr. Kim 
turned to the nuclear option. 
He developed a small reactor at 
Yongbyon, a heavily guarded 
military ins tallation north of 
the capital, into a sprawling nu- 
clear complex. 

While he signed the Nuclear 
Nonproliferation Treaty in 
1985, be refused to allow in- 
spectors into his country until 
two years ago. And since that 
time, he has conducted an in- 
creasingly tense cat-and-mouse 
game Mth the United Nations 
and the United States, keeping 
inspectors at bay. 



(liina SiEt 
int 
Hoi 

Executive 



-m 

r; 

y 



HONG KONG — China 
plans to appoint a shadow chief 
executive for Hcmg Kong who 
would be ready to take over 

immediately on Jiily/ly 1997 

and replace li re opfo ny|s senior 
civil servan ts 'with Beijmg-ap- 
proved appointees, according 
to Foreign Minister 1 Qian Qi- 
cbe&ofCbma- 
The new chief executive ap- 
parently would assume the du- 

ties of the colony's Bntish-ap- 



jgacc Riim Pfmr 

Khn n Song, left, the North Korean leader who died Friday, and bis son, Kha Joog H, shown la a M92 photograph. 


l’s Son: Bizarre Tales but Few Facts 


By Andrew Pollack 

New York Times Service 
TOKYO — Kim Jong H, the man who 
is expected to be the next leader of North 
Korea, has been described as a ruthless 
terrorist, a spoiled playboy and an errat- 
ic manag er who will have trouble keep- 
ing control of Ms country. 

But perhaps the only thing that can be 
said with certainty about him is that very 
little is known about Mm. 


Most foreign viators to North Korea, 
including former President Jimmy Car- 
ter on bis recent trip, have been turned 
down when they asked to meet Kim Jong 
H, 52, who has been groomed for two 
decades to take over from his father, 
Khn H Sung, who died Friday. 

They are generally told that he is oat 
in the villages woikmg Mth peasants or 
that it would be impolite for Mir. Kim to 
upstage Ms father. 

Even North Koreans, Mule worship- 
ing the younger Kim as the “Dear Lead- 
er” and patting pictures of him in their 
homes, had never heard Ms voice until 
two years ago. 

Some analysts say that Mr. Kim has 


had effective day-to-day control of the 
government for about two years. 

He was suspected of bang behind 
North Korea’s move last year to with- 
draw from the Nudear Nonprofifeiatian 
Treaty, which precipitated the long-run- 
ning crisis. If that was the case, he might 
notoc amenable to giving up tire nation’s 
reputed attempts to develop nuclear 
weapons. 

But Sdig Harmon, senior associate at 
■the Carnegie Endowment for Interna- 
tional Peace, said that he believed Mr. 
Kim is interested in gradually opening 
North Korea to foreign investment and 
industry. 

“People who are dose to Kim Jang II 
are generally what yon would call the 
reformist dement in North Korea,” Mr. 
Harrison said. 


but riot revered* 

Sung. 

that North Korea’s 
Mth having to back 


If he does assume power; it is a Mg 
question how long he can keep it Mr. 
Kim is usually described as erratic and 
impulsive ana far less capable than Ms 
father, who ruled North Korea for half a 
century. 


titer, 
as was 
There are 
military is not 
Mr. 

“Kim Jong n does not have tire back- 
ing of the North. Korean m0itaiy.be- 
canse he does not have a miHtaxy back- 
ground,” said Ra Jong Yd, a professor at 
Kyung Hee University in SeouL 
But some analysts think Mr. Kira 
mightbepyra a chance to ran the coun- 
try, although he might have to share 
some power Mth other g roup s, 

. Mr. fern was bon on Feb. 16, 1942, 
mtire&jvidUnk^^vIrezrliar 
was fi ghting with theSovietArmy. 

Phchaps because it is not £mmg Icr .a 
nation’s leader to have been bo'rn 
abroad, the official North Korean tang- 
Mr. Kim -was bom hi aascict 
anti- Japanese' 


camp 


Pudgy and bespectacled, he is also 
considered less charismatic ft«n Ms &- 


Mount Paekrfn, a sacrecF iiKJuhtaifcm 
North Korea. . . 

Kim Jong IT’s stepmother, XnK ; 

Ae, who attended some of tire -i 
between Kim H Sung and f 
dent Carter, is viewed as the ycrengd 
Kim’s rival for power- . 



Mr. Qian said Bering’s pro- 

sd that 

of the 
would 

be replace*! and that a new - 
dfitf erecutsvemnst beadected 
before tire 1997 turnover. 

“Civil servants wffl play ah 
important role in the transfer of 
power mwi smooth transition,*’ 
Mr. Qian said, according to the 
Xinhua news agency. 

He added that the colony’s 
existing laws would remain 
unchanged.” 

___ seHm wlQ gruaan-0 
tee a smooth transition as the 
territory reverts to Bering’s 
control, nr. 1997, said Mr. Qian, 
-who heads a select group- pre- 
paring tire framework for the 
forwig" K«n« fiperiiri Adminwt - 
trative Region. He said Satur- 
day- that “pur own efforts” will 
eosure an orderly turnover from 
tire British, Xinhua repeated. 

“So long as China is prosper- 
ing, Hong Kongfs stabaity will 

have a reliable guarantee, whidi 

win create good conditions for 
the transfer of jpower and 
smooth transition, be stud. 

: The ~ Chinese economy ■ has 
posted tire Murid's highest eco- 
nomic growth rates in recent . 
years, with zones near Hong 
KcSng leading the charge. 

’’Mr. Qian, speaking after a 
plenary session of the preparar 
coipinittec, reiterated Bdj- 
mg’Sslami^that Hong Kong 
slrouW gradu^^ develop a 
democratic political system in 


:■= • Hesad.it was “necessary and 
-reasonabttf’ to encourage the 
xflttmTjof HoogiKong. residents 
who have moved abroad. 


KOREA: Pyongyang Summons Leaders for a MassMeetingon 


Contained bore Page 1 

Chosun Dbo. “However, once 
the father is buried, he will no 
longer be able to control histo- 
ry. History will record that Kim 
II Sung was the last Communist 
dictator.” 


South Korea was calm and 
official commentary was re- 
served, despite the fact that 


Kim n Sung caused the deaths 
of millions of Koreans Mien he 
launched the Korean War, and 
ordered countless guerrilla and 
terrorist attacks against the 
South over the decades. 

South Korea’s government 
urged its citizens not to do any- 
thing that might provoke the 
unpredictable North during a 
period of uncertainty. 


by tl 

sands headed out by car and 
bus on Sunday across the broad 
green rice fields north of Seoul 
to the hills near the border Mth 
North Korea so that (hey amid 
glance into the other 
nation. 


South Korean officials said; 
they expected the North-South 


Si* Tf 

summit meeting that, had been 
scheduled Tot July 25 to be 
postponed becanse of -Kim H 
Sung’s death. .Bat 
Kim Young Sam of 
rea said be hoped the? mating 
would go ahead, and that he 
would be wflting to meet Kim. 
JongTJorany 


Christopher Is Set 
ToMfeetWith 
Hanoi Official 


o- 


'1M Tar* Tima Service 


REACTION: l/.S. Stresses Need for Vigilance Amid UncertatityinK^ea 


. HANOI — Secretary of State 
Warren M. Christopher is 
scheduled to meet Mth the 
des^ ^Vietnamese foreign minister in 
attends B angkok this month, a ccor d i ng 
to senior Vietnamese officiwl*- 
Tbe meeting would be the first 
ofkskiiMismce the C omnnmis t 
victory in Vretnamin 1975. 


Coutmued from Page 1 


would have to give up their nudear inten- 
tions.” 

The n u dear issue is at the carter of a 


tong crisis that recentiy-ievived talks in 
i the United States and 


Geneva between 

North Korea were intended to resolve. 

It also is a question that preoccupies the 
broader international community, as was 
shown Sunday fay the Group of Seven 
industrial democracies in a joint statement 
at the end of their annual s ummit meeting 
here. 

The seven, joined by Russia, urged 
North Korea to restore international safe- 


nuclear program, including no reproccss- 
ing spent fuel or reloading its nudear rcac- 
tora.” 

The G-7 statement appealed far negoti- 
ations Mth the United States, Much were 
suspended in Geneva on Friday after news 
that Mr. Kim died, to continue as soon as 
possible. The statement also called for a 
meeting between the leaders of North and 
South Korea to proceed as scheduled. 

The planned North-South summit con- 
ference and tiie Geneva meeting resulted - 
from talks in Pyongyang last month be- 
tween President Kim and forma President . 
Jimmy Carter of the United States. 


Deputy Foreign Minister Le 
Mai, who oversees relations 
Mth (he United States, declined 
to confirm formally that the 
agree that (lie . younger meeting was sd. Bat he said in 
been theprmcqial figure an mtcrview, “I think there is a 


_ . . 4 M .. . SpeaJriug to rtportos m Napleson Sai- 

gnards and to “provide total transparency uxday, Presktent Bill Omion said North 
m its nuclear program through full and Korea had indicated to the South that the 
imcondiUonal compliance Mth its nonpra- first meeting ever between leaders of the 
liferation obligations.” divided peninsula would go as 

The leaders specifically demanded that Manned on July 25. But on Sunday the 
North Korea maintain “the freeze on its WMte House backed away from that state- 


ment Mien a senior official 
that there had beta “ho” 
between North rind South. 1 
Many 

MtiKmnhas 

in chain of Ms co umtry ’R^md^r activi- 
ties, including an alleged 4eti$ion'tQ 
duce enough plutonium from 1989 to 
Tor one to two niofear weapons:/ 

. He also is said to have defied United 
Nations threats of economic sanctions by 
approving thewithdfaiwal, Mffijbttt fitted 
national observation, of fuel rods from a 
nuclear reactor. . 

' Assistant Secretary of State Robert L. 
(Mined, referring to tbCtihckar isftfefmfe 
television interview, op. Sunday, grid: 
“Ihereis a great deal of uncertainty about 
exactly what course North' Korea wffl fol~ 
lowin the future. Butwe dohave reason to 
believe there will be a baas of continuity 
on tins Issue:”* (AF, WP, Raaa% AFP) 


Mr. Christopher and Foreign 
Minister Nguyen Manh Camh 
of Vietnam will be in the Thai 


on security matters af- 
ter the annual foreign mimstets’ . 
of the Association of 
. Asian Nations. 


. Th£ THghPlevd~ Vretnarriese- 
U-S.. meeting was arranged dur- 
ing n Visit to Hand earlier this 
month by Assistant Secretary of i 
Stale Winston Lord and' Her-f 
shd W. Gober, the deputy sec- 
retary of veterans affairs. 


TEENS: U.S. Youths Face Adult Problems in Worlds That Don’t Meet 


Continued from Page 1 

unavailable to me becanse her 
job sometimes sends her away 
for a week at a time,” said Cris- 
tina Smith, a 16-year-old from 
Chicago. “But if there was any- 
thing I needed, I could just ask 
her Tor it I fed dose to my 
parents. That’s why I fed lean 
talk to them about any thing I 
get a lot of attention.” 


Many teenagers described 
life across a divide from their 


parents. While 30 percent said 
they most enjoyed bring Mth 
their friends, just 3 percent pre- 
ferred the company of their 
families. These fives apart axe 
shaped partly by a natural pull 
toward their friends and partly 
by a fear of idling their parents 
what they really do and think 
If teenagers see in one anoth- 
er their greatest solace, they 
also see peers as the greatest 
menace. Most teenagers polled 
said other teenagers were far 


more likely than adults to com- 
mit crime s against them; only a 
few said that danger would 
come from adults. 

They saw other teenagers as 
less mature, more likriy to act 
on impulse and more suscepti- 
ble to group pressure. 

Many teenagers, even those 
living in affluent areas, said that 
they worried about violence 
ana that some students in their 
schools carried guns. 

Violence looms for larger in 


the lives of Mack teenagers tium' 
white ones. The black teenagers 
polled were more Kkdy to fear 
crime and to be victims of crime 
than wMte teenagers. A total of 
70 percent of Made teaiagers 
knew someone who had been 
shot in the past five years, com- 
pared Mth 3 Ipcrcent of whites. 


For hwn 


wrovanQUOai 


Racri THE MONEY RTORT 

wary St*jnfay in ihe NT 


Questions Raised on Death 
Of NorthKorean Leader 


SEOUL — Observe** of. North Kpirca. said that while .the 
offiriatcsiue of Kim B Sung’s death at 82 was heart failure 
foul play couldnoibeTuled ouL - •• •• 

^“Irsrabbably most Hrehr this was a heart attack,” said Kim 
Chaqg S^ t&ectoi 1 of South Korea’s Institute for North 
Korean Studies. .... v-. .. 

f North Korea’s statement -that no 

^ Mtowedto attend. the fonend,” somitiririg 
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Page 5 







.«* 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY. JULY IX, 1994 


Sideshow at G-7: 



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Imemaripaal Herald Tribune. 

NAPLES - — The leaders of 
the European Union’s four hig- 
gest powers — Germany* 
France, Italy and Britain — en- 
gaged in frenetic but fruitless 
consultations during the Group 
of Seven summit meeting here 
- as they struggled , to come up 
with a successor to Jacques Xte- 


quently mentioned, here were 
those of 


GiuKano Amato, the 

tbmxHc Socialist prime minister 
ofltaly, and Jacques Santer, the 
prime minister of Luxembourg. 

. Mr.Amato, who Is respected 
for his intellect, is raid to have 
the backing of Britain, but that 
counts for Hole as most other 

-SgSKffiaK? 

The scramble for a new presi- . government of Italy’s 
dent — the topic of bilateral pn^ ^nmister, ^vio Berius- 
convtrsations at the margins of . .«*“» .meanwhile has made it 
the gathering — was said by Amato is not its 

government officials to haw ;<™acandidate. “Othersraay 
Med to produce .satisfactory kuf Mr. Amato is an 

results. * opponent of the Berlusconi 

' The matter is increaanglY ur- Italian offidal 

gear because Chancellor Hd- . . ■ ‘ 

mut Kohl Of Gcnromy has ; Sothedaild - the OUtgO- 

called'* special summit meeting '^ director-general of the Gen- .“I 
of EU leaders on Julyl5m ^Agreement on Ta riffs and 1 
— ' " * ■ '• Trade, is stm considered a pos- 

sible. last-ditch compro mis e 


candidate for the European - 
-Commission presidency, but he 
does not have the support df the 
of his. native Ire-. 


Brussels to decide on a succes- 

• sor. Mr. Kohl scheduled the 
' Brussels meeting after Prime 
■ Minister John Major of Britain 

vetoed the French-German 
.choice of the Belgian prime 
minister, .Jean-Lnc Dehaene, 

’ during last month's EU meeting 
- in Corfu, Greece. . 

“Tnpe is running out but ev- 
erything is, still up in the air,” 
said a senior European official. 

He and other officials said Mr. 

Kohl was' ‘disappointed that 
■. Prime Mmister Feiipe Gonz&lez 
’ of Spain, a -longtime favorite, 
had ruled himself out. * - 
Shortly af ter the Corfu deba- 
cle, the two declared candidates .« , ..... 

• for the succession — Sir Leon - ldea ™ a pohticaan from Lux- 
Brittan, the EU trade comims- ranboiurg heading the Birppean 


Cabinet ministers from two 
European governments —-both 
of whom insisted they not be 
named — said there was little 
genuine enthusiasm for Mr. 
Santo-, ■ although Chancellor 
Kohl is said to be fond of him. 

“Kohl likes the idea of Santer 
because he is weak, from 


Q&A: Melding the Markets Into Political Life 


The annual economic summit of the 
Gimp of Seven industrialized nations 
ended on Sunday in Naples. Accompa- 
nying President Bill Clinton war Robert 
Rubin, the fanner co-chairman of Gold- 
man Sachs who serves as the president's 
assistant fa- economic policy. He dis- 
cussed financial markets; and domestic 
and international economic issues with 
Aha -Friedman of die International 
Herald Tribune. 

. Q* Jayour vrnw, whai were the key 
accomplishmotts. here in Naples? 

A. Xhemost important thing is that 
the combination of last year’s Tokyo 
summit;' the recent G-7 jobs confer- 
ence to; Detroit and this summit has 
helped us to re-energize the G-7 and 
to brc»dar its focus. And looking to 
nextyca'sOTmnrit in Halifax, we are 
nnw - eyaTtiining the kind of world 
economy we wm want to see after the 
year 2900..- 

Q. There has been much discussion 
here in Naples of the weak dollar and 
of financial markets in general. Has 
your perspective on markets changed, 
from Wall Street to the White 


_ A- I don't think my understanding 
of markets has changed. What has 
struck me is that over the last five 
years: the financial markets have 
changed enormously. They have be- 
come more global, increased vastly in 
size and invented a panoply of new 
instruments such, as derivatives. 


Q. And bow has that change affect- 
ed policymakers? 

A The markets have become much 
more relevant to economic life. Most 
people in political life are not very 
knowledgeable about the workings of 
financial markets. I suspect that poli- 
ticians and government leaders in 
years to come will know a lot more 
about markets because markets are 
much more important to their lives. 
• 

Q. Given the recent turbulence in 
bond and currency markets, what is 
the best advice you can give President 
Clinton now? 

A I think the best thing is for him to 
be focused, concerned, serious and to 
deal with long-term issues of the econ- 
omy. And that's what he is doing. 
There should be a real concern about 
currency fluctuations, but the long- 
term fundamentals are right. 

Q. How do you analyze the way 
bond markets nave forced up long- 
term interest rates? 

A For a long time the rates were 
affected by deficits, which caused in- 
flationary expectations. Once the 
markets saw what we did to tackle the 
deficit, that factor was taken out of 
the bend market Over rime 1 think 
long-term rates will fluctuate with 
growth. 

Q. Are U.S. long-lean interest rates 
currently too high? 

A Maybe. If s hard to telL 

• 

Q. European leaders are worried 


that their high long-term rates could 
threaten recovery. Are European rates 
too high? 

A It strikes me that European long- 
term rates are too high. 

Q. Are governments progressively 
ceding control of economic policy to 
markets? 

A I don’t think they are ceding 
control, but 2 think markets are glob- 
alized and have increased vastly in 
size and as a consequence it is more 
difficult for governments to affect 
markets. 

Q. Are you frustrated by that phe- 
nomenon? 

A Not really. 

• 

Q. Here in Naples, G-7 leaders have 
pledged to get the GATT accord rati- 
fied by the end of the year. How 
confident are you that this wifl happen 
in the United States? 

A The probabilities are high but it's 
not certain. 

Q. What are the potential obstacles 
to ratification? 

A There is the funding problem. 
We have to come up with spending 
cuts and revenue increases to make up 
for about $10.5 billion of tariff cuts. 
And those moves will be announced 
when we get agreement on Capitol 
HilL The second problem is making 
sure we have fast-track authority to 
negotiate future treaties, which is at- 
tached to the GATT ratification and 
is very important to us. 


Q- What are your top priorities 
back in Washington? 

A Health care is one. The polls are 
consistently showing that 70 percent 
of the American people want univer- 
sal coverage. The president wants it as 
a social objective and as an economic 
objective. 

Q. Realistically, can some form of a 
health care package be approved this 
year? 

A. With 70 percent of the people 
saying they want it, I think Congress 
wiD not want to go to the voters this 
November without a health care pack- 
age. 

Q. What are your other priorities? 

A. We need the Re-Employment 
Act passed, plus we need new schools 
legislation and more of a focus on 
inner cities, on the problems of the 
urban poor, or what are sometimes 
called the underclass. 

• 

Q. You have also worked on China 
issues, and the recent decision to re- 
new most-favored-nation status for 
Beijing despite its human rights viola- 
tions. Has President Clinton now 
swapped the moral high ground for 
realpolitik? 

A The highest-growth part of the 
world is likely to be Asia, and China is 
likely to be the largest economy in the 
world a few decades out, so the presi- 
dent feels thaL engagement will serve 
as the best strategy. 


small count™ and can bt G-7 Z Despite Push From Clinton. Yeltsin Balks at Pullout of AH Russian Troops From 

pushed around, said one min- ■* J 1 

ister. The second disparaged the " ~ ‘ * J- ~ J ' ™ ‘ l '* J " w 


sioner, and Ruud Lubbers, the 
' Dutch prime minis ter ' — with- 
drew their names from consid- 
eration. 

The names being most frer 


C ommission, “What is Luxem- 
bourg? It is not a country. It is 
three streets and 400,000 
pie,” he remarked. 

. —ALAN FRIEDMAN 


peo- 


CosthMKd from Page 1 

leaders, along with Mr. Yeltsin, 
called upon the warring parties 
in Bosnia to accept within nine 
days a map that spells out the 
division of their territory. 

They warned that a failure to 
do so by the. Serbs or Bosnian 


M uslims would raise the “grave 
risk” that war between them 
there would explode anew and 
on an even wider scale. 

In their joint communique, 
they urged whatever regime 
succeeds Kim II Sung’s in 
North Korea “to remove, once 


BOOKS 


TRANSLATING LA.: 
ATonr of the Rainbow Oty 

-By Peter Theroux. 271 pages. 
$21. Norton. 

Reviewed by Carolyn See 
lETER THEROUX likes 


translates and tutors and lis- 
tens. He’s the most amiab le of 
guides— a kind of Christopher 
Isherwood with a dazzlmgly 
nice disposition. He hangs out,, 
moseys around, translates LA. 


P I 

looking at cities in change, 


fact that everything got under 
their skin.” . . 

. Theroux makes light of the 
recent LA riot He calls it a 
“consumer uprising” and 
pants out that no political 
leaders were killed, no political 
agenda followed. He sees those 


Anopenmg essay, “Translat- 
ing LA,” can trafy be said to ^ 

capture <the spirit, the attitude* several days as a rush for Pam- 

ana van Theroux set* oetwiih a Middle tion by tbe repetitions electron 

Eastern, buddy and drives up * * ' 

the Paafic Coast Highway to a 
translating c o nfe re n ce in M* 

Kbo. His buddy, has insisted 
they bring b athing suits and 
towels in case the conference 
gets too awfid, and it soon does. 


sprawling) Babel of Indian bar- 
ters, Swiss bankers, Thai nan- 
nies, Hfipizio chauffeurs, Amer- 
• kan military advisors, Korean 
construction workers, and tens 
-oS thousands of other quacking, 
sunburned, homesick, menac- 
ing, money hungry, constantly 
carping infolds.” ■‘V'-* '■ 

scrip tion^of LA-/*bfo it’s 
yadh, capital of Saudi Arabia, 
where Theroux lived before he 
went to California. In “LA” he 
notes that his new hometown is 
.“vaster than the Sahara, a 
whole flat planet with a Venu- 
sian veil of smog. Ninety-two 
languages are spoken in its 
‘school system.” And Theroux 
likes LA’s troubles — “An 
endless round of 
and Aimageddonroattarl 

Nothing could have prepared 
Theroux more thOTCjughly for 
' Los Angeles,., where those 92 
languages are spoken and 
where each cultural group is 
rapidly getting more and more 
put out with the other 91. Andif 
LA. by now seems overpubK- 
ri-r*H overseen (by zealous Ifr; 
porters and repetitive television 
sound bites), Theroux glams 
onto it in a whole other way. He 
-hears it, primarily; he gets it 
through the language. 

Theroux has set up his pleas-, 
mg “exile" in Long Beach, a 

nice town that boasts the Queen 

Mary, the Spruce Goose and 
the boats that chug across the 
channel to Catalina Island; he 


down..I want to 1 
start by gating you moving. I 

warn to get you touching, Letit 

out Comean. I want everybody 
up.* Some, of the. translators, 
many of whom were very old 

and frail began to swot,” 

Theroux writes, but the dreaded 
f adlitatac is interrupted by. an 
ur g ent message: -“^Whkh .af 
you is Peter Theroux? -Could 

you please take Mr. Daryush to 

/Jim a Hospital? 1 ” And the two 
carefofc' goyx spend the zest of 
the OTnny afternoon at Zuma' 
Beach handing out lemons to 
blondes so that Act can keep 
thBB’htur fight and bright. . 

This sweet-anc^goofy perso- 
na allows Theroux to , make 
same cogent observations that 
might nOt be tdcraied from a 
more “serious” .pundit. He 
knows that to live in ^multicul- 
tural society, moderation is es? 
sentiaL As an adult literacy tu- 
tor, he runs rnto .a cranky 


ie nagging of television. 

He saves his real indignation 
for Chicano hunger strikers at 
UCLA* smadiing windows at 
the faculty center and dancing 
in Aztec garb, all for a separate 
Chicano studies department at 
rthftjamrersity-H^ scandalized ; 
•up-up- by the fast era “whose wan 

smiles at thrir near-martyrdom 


blazed with self-pity and self- 
love.” Theroux knows what he 
knows: “One-issue nationalism 
was perfectly idiotic to anyone 
who knew the Third World — 
aD nationalism was destructive, 
even the low-stakes academic 
variety." 

So what’s the answer to those 
“quacking, sunburned” subcul- 
tures grabbing for money, at- 
tention, love, the whole Califor- 
nia dream? Theroox would say: 
Listen to one another. And 
when it gets too unbearable, 
head out for the “bospitaT at 
Zuma Beach and catch some 
waves. 


and for all, the suspicions sur- 
rounding its nuclear activities ." 

As they expanded their con- 
clave to include Russia as an 
equal partner, however, the 
great powers’ statement did lit- 
tle more than reaffirm tbeir pre- 
vious stances on those issues. 

As presented by Prime Minister 
Silvio Berlusconi of Italy, the 
host of this year's gathering, it 
left unstated and still not 
agreed upon how the parties in 
Bosnia and North Korea should 
be punished if the West's de- 
mands are defied. 

And while the G-7 leaders 
also joined in calling upon Hai- 
ti’s military leaders to surrender 
their power, U-S. and European 
officials said that the reluctance 
of France had prevented the 
leaders from giving an open- 
ended endorsement to efforts to 
overthrow them. 

The dispute over the Baltics 
was not the only (me to divide 
Moscow and the West in Sun- 
day’s meetings, held in the 17th- 
century Palazzo Reale. Twice 


during the day, Mr. Yeltsin 
urged all seven Western leaders 
and then Mr. Clinton alone to 
relax Cold War-era trade barri- 
ers that still deny Russia access 
to certain high-technology 
goods. 

“We’re saying, let's give us 
equal rights," tbe Russian lead- 


er said in taking his protests 
public. 

The Western inrtilution, 
known as COCOM, that estab- 
lished those restrictions expired 
last March 31 in recognition of 
the Cold War's end. But the 
West has yet to agree upon a 
regime to replace it. 


CLUNTON: 

Baffling Switches 

Continued from Page 1 
worried about Mr. Clinton’s 
image as a weak and erratic 

states man 

“He arrived here as the leader 
of the world's only superpower, 
caught up in crises with tiny 
countries like Haiti and North 
Korea.” a British official said. 
“Then this kind of embarrass- 
ment comes along, and it only 
compounds the problem.” 

But European allies have al- 
ways found reason to complain 
about Washington’s lead, 
whether it is too forcible or too 
flexible. When a U.S. president 
fails to consult his European 
peers on any number of issues, 
he is often criticized for disre- 
garding allied views and acting 
in an arrogant mann er. But if be 
goes around seeking advice in 
various capitals, he can be lam- 
basted as feckless and indeci- 
sive. 

Ironically, European govern- 
ments have welcomed several of 
Mr. Clinton's most public poli- 
cy reversals because the shifts 
moved the U.S. position closer 
to theirs and averted the danger 
of a rift in tbe alliance. 

During the endgame phase of 
world trade negotiations that 
had languished nearly seven 
years, France threatened to 
veto an agreement if it eliminat- 
ed subsidies for its farmers or 
filmmakers. Mr. Clinton inter- 
vened ^ust days ahead of the 

caved in to the French position. 
His concessions were praised 
for salvaging a trade pact whose 
demise could have damaged 
prospects for world economic 


recovery. 
Mr. Clint 


Japanese Leader Misses 
Day at Talks Dae to Illness 

The Associated Pros 

NAPLES — Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama of Japan 
rejoined the Group of Seven summit meeting Sunday for a 
final day of political business after missing a day because of 
stomach problems. 

Looking healthy and upbeat, Mr. Murayama, 70, joined his 
six fellow G-7 leaders as they posed with President Boris N. 
Yeltsin for a photo. Television footage later showed Mr. 
Murayama seated at the leaders’ table, smiling broadly and 
chatting. 

He was hospitalized Friday night after he became ill during 
a state dinn er. Doctors said he suffered from dehydration and 
an intestinal ailment. 


lion’s action here, in 
for a fresh review of 
world trade barriers, appeared 
designed to broach such issues 
as telecommunications, finan- 
cial services and aviation thaL 
were dropped from tbe last 
trade round to secure a deal 
But the allies were unprepared 
to accept a new round of trade 

talks. 


Guinea-Bissau Vote Results 

Rctuen 

BISSAU, Guinea-Bissau — 
The governing African Inde- 
pendence Party of Guinea and 
Cape Verde has retained a ma- 
jority in the legislature, accord- 
ing to full provisional results of 
the country’s first multiparty 
elections released on Sunday. 
But President Join Bernardo 
Vieira failed to win an outright 
majority and must face the op- 

? osition candidate, Kumba 
ala, in a runoff. 


i‘ Carolyn See reviews : books 
regularly for The Washington 


Post 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Troscott 

jt contract came to 
.the rescue as South was 
ready for a do-or-die^ venture on 
the diagramed deal 

Looking at the North-South 
hands, one would choose to 
play three no-trump, the' con- 
tract reached by the opposing 
North-South. But when North 
used her jump rebid of three 
dubs to aww a strong unbal- 
anced hand with about 20 high- 
card points. South drove to six 
no-trump. The five-dub re- 
to Blackwood, in tbe 


collect the queen, and threw the 
dub eight from the dummy. 
When this failed, matters 
looked desperate. With only 
one hope left, she took a deep 
finesse of the dub ten and fdt a 
warm glow when this won the 
trick. With the spades evenly, 
divided, it was then simple to 
make the remaining tricks, 
score the slam and win the 
match by 13 imps. 



our aces or 
diamond king. 

The actual dummy proved a 

Gtin7 bor^again Christo disa^ointmenti South had 

hoped far a longer dianxmdsmt 


who can’t stand alcohol or stat 
ues or libraries. Theroux 
opines: *T7bqsan . to wonder 
whether this was a sort of built- 
in pumshmeatTor fanatics, the 


what THEY'RE READING 


• Geoffrey Hyatt, a nwtiage- 
meat consultant in Russia with 
The Boston Consulting Group, 
is reading “ Private Parts ” by 
Howard Stem. 

“For Americans abroad, n 
helps to keep in touch with the 
culture back in the States. At 
tbe game tune, it amuses, enter- 
tains and disgusts — and it can 
be read in three hours. Freud 
would have loved itP* Ttrrx 
(K. N. Cufder, IHT) 



that would provide a source of 
tricks. South rightly assumed 
that a lot of good fortune was 
. going to be needed. South won 
the opening spade lead with the 
king after East played tbe sev- 
en, and led die diamond queen. 
This was covered by toe king 
and ace, and a diamond was 
surrendered to the jack. 

West led a heart to dummy’s 
ace, Sooth entered her hand 
with a diamond lead: She then 
cashed the heart king, hoping to 


NORTH (D) 

♦ A964 
A 

OA863 

♦ A K 10 8 

EAST 
♦ 107 3 
?875S 
075H2 
*72 
SOUTH 

♦ KQS 

O K J 10 8 
O Q 10 9 
*843 


Neither side was vulnerable. The 


WEST 
♦ J82 
OQ943 
OK J 
*QJ95 


bidding: 




North 

Bast 

South 

West 

1 O 

Pass 

1 9 

Pass 

3* 

Pass 

3 0 

Pass 

3* 

Pass 

4 N.T. 

Pass 

5* 

Pass 

8 NT. 

Pass 

Pass 

Pass 



West led the spade two. 



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.Page 6 


MONDAY, JULY 11, 1994 


OPINION 


Heralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



Srlbune 


rUBIiLSKED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHlPrtTTON POST 


North Korean Transition 


Reassure the Successor 

Kim H Sung's death comes at a criti- 
cal moment, just days after he bad per- 
sonally eased mounting tensions over 
North Korea’s nuclear program by mov- 
ing to resume talks with the United 
States. President Bill Clinton struck the 
right note, expressing appreciation for 
Mr. Kim’s role in recent days and reas- 
suring the North that he wants a con- 
tinuing and "personal' 1 dialogue with 
his successor after an appropriate hiatus 
to mark Mr. Kim's passing. A delay 
poses no risk, with international inspec- 
tors in place to assure that the North's 
nuclear freeze remains in force. Wash- 
ington can only hope that the son and 
ben apparent, Kim Jong D, will follow 
in his father’s footsteps and choose ne- 
gotiation over confrontation. 

The legitimacy of North Korea's re- 
gime is critical to resolving the nuclear 
question. Founding father Kim had 
ruled longer than any other sitting world 
leader. After nearly half a century in 
power, he adopted a uniquely Korean 
form of succession, melding commu- 
nism with dynastic rule. 

He had begun to devolve day-to-day 
responsibilities to his son when the col- 
lapse of the Soviet empire and of the 
Soviet Union itself called the legitimacy 
of co mmunism into question. 

North Korea remained somewhat in- 
sulated from these larger currents. Its 
doctrine of self-reliance made it imper- 
vious to the shifting ideological winds, 
even in neighboring China. And its 
economy relied on outsiders for only a 
few necessities like subsidized oiL But 
North Korea suffered grievously from 
the loss of its Soviet and East European 
trading partners. And its nuclear pro- 
gram made it an international outcast, 
only deepening economic distress. 

A Deal Stitt on the Table 

Most Americans knew North Korea’s 
Kim II Snug not as his country’s anti- 
Japanese resistance leader, founding fa- 
ther and ruler for more than SO years but 
as an aggressor, terrorist, fanatical 
Communist and creator of a surreal per- 
sonality cult who had enslaved his 21 
million people, made his nation a proto- 
type of a rogue state and seemed bent on 
acquiring a nuclear bomb. So outside of 
North Korea, which faces the unprece- 
dented shock of its first succession, 
mourning for his death will be brief. 

It is the commanding irony of the 
Korean conundrum, however, that this 
same Kim II Sung had become the prin- 
cipal repository of American hopes to 
convert what is the Cold Wars last 
armed and war-prone frontier into an 
accommodation in which North Korea 
would abandon its nuclear aspirations 
in return for an accepted economic and 
political place in the world. 

Now one American nightmare is com- 
ing true. Instead of dealing with the 
single Korean leader with a consider- 
able if not sure capacity to make the 
deal, either the United States mil be 
engaged with a regime headed by the 
late leader’s son and designated succes- 
sor, Kim Jong H, someone currently 
known for his lack of popular standing 
and political weigh tin css, or it will be 


No succession is a sure thing, and the 
younger Kim’s impulses have worried 
some American observers. Officials 
around him may be inclined to tough it 
out; to rally domestic support, 
would stress time-tested themes of 
reliance and the need to stand up to a 
hostile world, especially the United 
States. With that posture, they might 
want the bomb for protection. 

But the elder Kim seemed to recog- 
nize the limits of that posture and quiet- 
ly resumed a larger role to assure a 
smooth succession. He recognized that 
North Korea could not keep up with 
South Korea militarily; to try would risk 
economic collapse. And he knew that 
the tongh-it-out posture would give the 
military too much influence over a suc- 
cessor re gim e. He resolved to seek a 
peace treaty and diplomatic relations 
with the United States, opening the way 
to security assurances ana economic ties 
with the rest of the world. 

To achieve such a breakthrough, he 
was willing to put plutonium reprocess- 
ing on hold and allow international in- 
to verify that Now the hope is 
t his son will see the wisdom of his 
father’s ways. Continued reassurance 
from Mr. CUnton could help. 

Hawks in Washington want to resolve 
the nuclear issue by destabilizing the 
Communist regime. But that risks a war 
that cone of the North’s neighbors want 
The hawks' approach would likely re- 
vive the North’s alliance with China. 
More important it would risk an open 
breach with U.S. allies South Korea and 
Japan, which want both a stable and a 
non-nuclear Korean Pe ninsula. 

President Clinton is right to embrace 
those goals and reassure the new leader 
in the North that he wants to deal with 
him, not destabilize him. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


forced to treat with whatever unknown 
entity or combination of dements is 
thrown up by a Korean succession 
struggle. The impenetrability of the 
North Korean political process can 
scarcely be exaggerated. 

It is not a formula for confidence, but 
it is a time for steadiness. Preparations 
for a serious negotiation must continue; 
these preparations must include a mili- 
tary builaup suitable to counter if not 
deter any of the dangerous military 
moves that North Korea has threatened 
in recent months. Die United States 
knows what it wants from a negotiation, 
or certainly it should know. 

Its purpose must be to contain the 
threat of a North Korean nuclear capa- 
bility; that means heading off future 
bombs and somehow rolling back the 
one or two bombs that may already be in 
North Korea's arsenal. In return, Amer- 
icans have much to offer North Korea in 
terms of security guarantees and eco- 
nomic and political cooperation. 

That is the deal that was on the table 
when the United States and North Ko- 
rea resumed their direct talks in Geneva 
on Friday, the day Kim □ Sung died. As 
far as the United States is concerned, 
this deal ought to remain on the table. 
The first due will be the manner in 
which the new leadership in Pyongyang 
picks up the thread in Geneva. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Bretton Woods’ Advice 


Because most of the big economies are 
currently performing well, especially 
that of the United States, the seven poli- 
ticians assembled in Naples this past 
weekend talked mostly about other 
things. There is not much in clina tion to 
fiddle with the machinery when it is 
running adequately. But die machine is 
far from stable. The latest reminder was 
the upward lurch of the Japanese yen’s 
exchange rate against the dollar. 

To take a longer perspective, it is clear 
that the world’s major economies have 
not been doing well enough in recent 
years. Some of the reasons are en- 
trenched in countries’ social values and 
the ways they choose to live. But one 
interesting question is whether econo- 
mies can be strengthened by technical 
changes in the operations of the key 
financial institutions. There is good rea- 
son to think that they can. The Bretton 
Woods Commission, a sort of seminar 
headed by Paul A. Volcker, the former 
chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, 
offers specific proposals. 

Die co mmissi on has named itself af- 
ter the conference SO years ago this 
month that laid the foundations for the 
International Monetary Fund and the 
World Bank. Mr. Volcker and his col- 
leagues say it is time to have a look at the 
directions in which those two highly 
influential organizations have evolved. 

The World Bank and its subsidiaries 
have become the central funnel of gov- 


ernment aid for development. But gov- 
ernments will never be able to provide 
enough aid to meet the urgent needs of 
the three-quarters of the earth’s popula- 
tion that lives in the poor countries. The 
bank needs to do more as a catalyst for 
private investment and, except in the 
poorest countries, put less emphasis on 
its own direct lending. 

The IMF, over the years, has drifted 
into kinds of lending that often overlap 
with the World Bank's job. The Volcker 
group recommends a sharp division of 
labor, in which the IMF gets back to its 
original purpose of stabilizing exchange 
rates. That requires close coordination 
of economic policy among the major 
countries’ governments, another em- 
phatic recommendation. 

But those governments do not seem 
capable atpresent of that kind of coor- 
dination. Toe yen, for example, is rising 
uncontrollably for reasons directly re- 
lated to Japan's huge trade surplus, and 
the present Japanese government is far 
too weak to moke the changes necessary 
to bring the surplus down. 

Improving the international institu- 
tions can make substantial differences 
for the better, and the advice of the 
Bretton Woods Commission is useful 
But, like all cool and rational economic 
advice, it is useful only up to the limi ts 
set by political positions and habits 
which change slowly. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 



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After Kim U Sung Comes the Reunification Process 


H ONG KONG — Korea now has no 
d ominating figures, and no Cold 
War role. What then will be the focus of 
achievement on this restless peninsula, 
where so much energy is bottled up? The 
most Hkdy answer is nationalism, the 
one dement that North and South have 
shared, although expresang it so differ- 
ently — the South seeking to prove Kore- 
an talents to the world; the North prac- 
ticing juche (self-reliance), seeking 
identity in a curious combination of Sta- 
linist autarky and the Hermit Kingdom’s 
traditional shunning of the foreigner. 

With the death of Kim n Sung, Korean 
nationalism’s focus is likely to be how to 
achieve peaceful national reunification in 
a way which suits all parties. Unification 
is something that governments on both 
sides fear but over which they may have 
scant control. The inevitability of ramifi- 
cation now moves from the realm of the 
theoretical to the practicaL 
Predicting the North's short-term 
evolution — the fate of Kim Jong H, the 
role of the army, the course of nuclear 
policies — is a largely futile exercise. 
There are obvious dangers of fallout 
from domestic power struggles. 

But for the medium term it is safe to 
predict an effort toward accommodation. 
Dus Northern elite's ability to survive 
win depend on its ability to deliver some 
material rewards to a long-suffering pop- 


By Philip Bowling 

ulation, in the style of post-Mao China, 
and that in turn depends on the coopera- 
tion, and money, of a South that has 
every reason to want gradual change. : 

Indeed, before the mi dea r issue raww» 
to dominate relations, North and South 
had been moving toward direct trade and 
investment It made sense both for tech-, 
nocrats in Pyongyang (survivalists, if 

Peacefrireunificatfa 
manifest destiny. Getting there 
is going to mean sacrifice. 

nothing rise) and for capitalists in Seoul 
for labor-intensive industries to move 
from Pusan and Taegu to the North rath- 
er than, as has in. fact happended, to 

flhinn , InriffliMi'n an ri Vi etnam 

Paranoia in Pyonyang was modified to 
the point of encouraging the develop- 
ment of bender trade with China and 
Russia, through which news of realities 
of life in the South as well as among 
Chinese Koreans must gradually filter. 

Although North-South dialogue had 
ground to a halt, recent events have add- 
ed to Korean national self-awareness. 


However worried the Sooth has been 
over Northern nuclear intentions, two 
attitudes have been apparent. - _ 

Firstly, time is a sneaking admiration 
among many in the South tha t Koreans 
may have developed a nudear capability 
aU on their own and are seat to keep the 
West and Japan off balance: 

Secondly, at the official Ieyd, there is a 
sense that the Korean question ought to 
be settled by Koreans — an attitude that 
has led to strains m relationships with the 
United States, which is seen as having 
brought a bigger agenda to the nuclear 
issue than suits Seoul's Korea-centric in- 
terests, White American media have been 
' full of war scenarios, for Koreans the 
subject is too painful for contemplation. 

South Korea’s recently democratized 
political system has also played a rcte in 
national awareness. It has added to the 
South’s pride in its modernization, and it 
has brought to office a president, Kim . 
Young Sam, who is a competent but not 
dominant figure. Likewise in the North; . 
whatever happens next, no one can fifl 
Kim II Sung’s oversized boots. 

Die peaceful reunification of Korea is 
now manifest destiny. But getting there is 
going to mean sacrifice. Compare the 
ablation with Germany. The barriers to 
exchange of people and ideas have been 
much higher, and for longer. The eco- 
nomic differences aredaunting. 


East Gomany had one-tinrd the popu- 
lation of the Federal Republic, ami per 
mmita income was about h alf . North Ko- 
tos half as many pcoj 
and per capita income is 


rea has half as many peopled the South, 
■ about onc-niiu. 


flne-dghth the cement output 
: Northern is unsuited for 

intensive agriculture, so even with 37 
percent of die population stm c® the land 
(compared with 15 percent in. the South) 
there is bandy enough to eat. 

The North’s economy is rou ghly where 
it was in IJWOwbeB it was first surpassed 
by the South. Estimates of the capital 
needed over 10 years to bring the North 
up to Southern levels range from SooO, 
billion toll triffian-JEvenif theprocespis 

t " i , n.J iL. 


jn the long run, ft united Korea 
every chance of becomin g as rich as Ja- 
pan. That is hot a prospect that Japan 
relishes. too, would prefer a divid- 

ed Korea. But both recognize that divi- 
sion of the peninsula was an aedaentof 
history over which. Koreans had little 
control which will not last forever. 

With. Kim n Sung having follocwed the 
Soviet Union into the history books, the 
reunification process can begixL* 
International Herald Tribune. 


A Scenario for North Korea: Exit Stalin and Enter Caligula 


W ASHINGTON — Stalin is 
gone, but it isn’t good news. 
Caligula is taking his place. 

Thai is the reaction of one 
senior U.S. official to the sudden 
death of Kim II Sung. The death 
dears the way for the ascension 
of his son and designated heir, 
Kim Jong D, who is thought to 
be mentally unstable by UJ5. in- 
telligence agencies. 

The disappearance of Kim H 
Sung brings America’s confron- 
tation with North Korea over 
nudear weapon ambitions to the 
flash point that II s, officials 
most fear. The older Kim was 
predictable in the way Stalin was 
predictable: nasty, vicious, but 
not crazy. The younger Kim is 
seen as unpredictable, and less 
likely to strike the deal that the 
Clinton arirnmis tr a rinn is seek- 
ing with North Korea. 

Ironically, Kim D Sung at age 
82 had become an element of 
stability in the eyes of U.S. offi- 
cials. His survival was essential 
to their efforts to stop North 
Korea from reprocessing enough 
plutonium to manufacture a half- 
dozen nudear weapons, to go 
with the one or two devices that 


By Jim Hoagland 

the CIA believes Pyongyang has 
already assembled. 

. The CUnton administration’s 
strategy had been to bypass Kim 
Jong 0, 52, who had asserted 
more control over foreign and 
defense policy as his father 
groomed him for succession, 
with tiie elder Kirn in charge 
and aware of the concessions 
that the United States was will- 
ing to make to get the North 
Korean finger off the nudear 
trigger, there was just a chance 
at striking a deal. 

Getting tiie message to Kim D 
Sung was the biggest gain regis- 
tered by former President Jim- 
my Carter in his controversial 
meeting with the dictator in 
Pyongyang last month. Mr. Car- 
ter was able to convey the U.S. 
position directly to the elder 
Kim, without it bring filtered 
through ‘’Caligula.” 

Mr. Kim's death tears tiie bot- 
tom out of the U.S. negotiating 
strategy. The Httle that Ameri- 
can officials thrmght they knew 
about the Hermit Kingdom's 
leadership died with the man who 


sent North Korean troops across 
the 38th parallel in 1950 to be 
beaten bade by the U.S. Army. 

The elder Kim’s memory of 
the beating he took before China 
intervened had been a key factor 
in U.S. hopes that he would 
eventually renounce assembling 
a midear arsenal and back away 
from another armed confronta- 
tion with America. 

That hope Is now seriously di- 
minished. The formative politi- 
cal experience for the younger 
Kim was not a mffitaiy defeat but 
the kidnapping and terrorizing 
of a South Korean film actress 
whom he apparently expected to 
fall in love with trim. He is, in the 
view of some U.S. officials, a 

pampered psychopath. 

The chang e from Stalin to Ca- 
ligula leaves Washing ton with 
no attractive options. But for aB 
the problems involved, Wash- 
ington should stick with the un- 
derstandings that Mr. Carter 
achieved with Kim B Sung and 
attempt to structure a negotiat- 
around them, 
temptation to abandon 


the Carter effort now that Kim II 
Sung is dead is understandable. 
The administration was not in 
any case dot happy with the 
understandings, and the publici- 
ty, that Mr. Cotta 
Until Mr. Kim's death,. Mr. 
Carter’s mission looked tike the 
end of the first phase of the con- 
flict between Washington and 
Pyongyang, rather than the deci- 
sive breakthrough that the for- 
mer president describes or tiie 
capitulation that others fear. 

. Mr. Carter got the dictator 
into talks that could conceivably 
lead to a deal freezing Pyong- 
yang’s future nudear develop- 
ment. In return, the. Korean . 
achieved his overriding goal in 
the opening game: to i 
permanently the ami 

around whether or not 

Korea has already developed 
one or two nudear devices. . 



effectively abandoned previous. 
US. demands that phnomum. 
taken from North Korea’s reac- 
tor in 1990 be accounted far tty 
open international inspection, 
Washington has acknowledged 
that the boanbfc) North Korea 


may have already developed are 
so much spiU nmk. 

That is a distasteful and po- 
tentially dangerous concession 
far the region. But Kim Jong ITs 
intentions — r in fact. Iris yety 
nature and sanity — need to be 
established through the kind at. 
negotiating process that Mr. 
Carter fare initiated. If tins Kim 
is indeed Caligula, Bill Clinton 
wfll, have to take immediate 
to shore op the American 
try presence in South Ko- 
rea arm prepare for war. 

Bux that is not yet clearly es- 
tablished. At present. North 
"Karaftis ft giant inkblot test. 

le information, 
project the past and 
tbefrintexpretatioriofu onto the 
blank^ctecn of crisis and isola- 
tion erected by the two Kims. 

M^Ctatbrt mission and his 
eshkatiaw of -the elder Kim did 
ixAhring&peaoeftil settlement to 
hand, as me doves had hoped. 
The tyounger Kim’s ascension 
..does ‘not in itself bring war; as 
tomebawksfcrill now argue. Itisa 
time for owls, to watch vigilantly 
over ft stffl unfolding crisis. 

The Washbtg/on Pan. 


In Our Postmodern World, a Search for Self-Tranii^nd^iii^e 


P hiladelphia — There 

are good reasons for suggest- 
ing that tiie modem age has end- 
ed. Many things indicate that we 
are going through a transitional 
period, when it seems that some- 
thing is on the way out and some- 
thing else is painfully being bom. 

It is as if something were crum- 
bling, decaying and exhausting it- 
sdf, while something rise, still in- 
distinct, arises from the rubble: 

The distinguishing features of 
transitional periods are a mixing 
and blending of cultures and a 
plurality or parallelism of intel- 
lectual and spiritual worlds. These 
are periods when all consistent 
value systems collapse, when cul- 
tures distant in tune and space are 
discovered or rediscovered. New 
meaning is gradually bom from 
the encounter, or the intersection, 
of many different dements. 

Today, this state of mind, or of 
the human world, is called post- 
modernism. For me, a symbol of 
that state is a Bedouin mounted 
on a camel and dad in traditional 
robes under which he is wearing 
jeans, with a transistor radio in 
his hands and an ad for Coca- 
Cola on the camel’s back. 

I am not ridiculing this, nor am 
I shedding an intellectual tear 
over the commercial expansion of 
the West that destroys alien cul- 
tures. I see it as a typical expres- 
sion of this multicultural era, a 
that an amalgamation of 
Itnres is taking place. I see it as 
that something is being 
, that we are in a phase when 
one age is succeeding another, 
when everything is possible. 

T HE dizzying development of 
science, with its uncondition- 
al faith in objective reality and 
complete dependence on general 
and rationally knowable laws, led 
to the birth of modem techno- 
logical civilization. It is the first 
civilization that spans the entire 
globe and binds together all soci- 
eties, submitting them to a com- 
mon global destiny. 

At the same time; the relation- 
ship to the world that, modem 
science fostered and shaped ap- 
pears to have exhausted its po- 
tential. The relationship is miss- 
ing something. It fails to connect 
with the most intrinsic nature of 
reality and with natural h uman 
experience. 

Classical modem science de- 
scribed only the surface of things, 
a angle dimension of reality. And 
the more dogmatically science 
treated it as the only dimension, 
as the voy essence of reality, the 
more misleading it became. We 
may know immeasurably more 
about the universe than our an- 
cestors did, and yet it increasingly 
seems that they knew something 
more essential about it than we 
do, something that escapes us* 

The same thing is true of nature 
as of ourselves. The more thor- 


By Vaclav Havel 

The writer is president of the Czech Republic. This comment 
is adapted from an address at Independence Had on July 4. when 
he was awarded the Philadelphia Liberty Medal. 


oughly all our organs and then- 
functions, their internal structure 
and the biochemical reactions 
that take place within them, are 
described, the more we seem to 
fail to grasp the spirit, purpose 
and meaning of the system that 
they create together and that we 
experience as our unique self. 

Thus, we enjoy all the achieve- 
ments of modem dvilrzation that 
have made our physical existence 
easier in so many important ways. 
Yet we do not know exactly what 
to do with ourselves, where to 
turn. The world of our experiences 
seems chaotic, confuting. Experts 
can explain anything in the objec- 
tive world to ns, yet we under- 
stand our own lives less and less. 

W l LIVE in the postmodern 
world, where everything is 
posable and almost nothing is 
certain. This state of affairs has 
its social and political conse- 
quences. Die planetary civiliza- 
tion to which we all belong con- 
fronts us with global challenges. 
We stand helpless before them - 
because our civilization has es- 
sentially globalized only the sur- 
face of our lives. 

But oar inner self continues to 
have a life of its own. And the 
fewer answers the era. of rational 
knowledge provides to the basic 
questions of human being, the 
more deeply it would seem that 
people chug to the andent cer- 
tainties of their tribe. 

Because of this, individual cul- 
tures, increasingly lumped to- 
gether by contemporary civiliza- 
tion, are realizing with new 
urgency their own inner autono- 
my and the inner differences of 
other cultures. Cultural conflicts 
are increasing and are more dart- 
gerous today than at any other 
time in histoiy. 

Politicians are rightly worried 
by the problem of finding the key 

to ensure the survival of a civiliza- 
tion that is - global and multicul- 
tural: how respected mechanisms 
of peaceful coestistence can be set 
up and on what set of principles 
they are to be established. 

These questions have been 
highlighted with particular urgen- 
cy by the two most important 
political events in the second half 
of the 20th omtury: the collapse 
of colonial hegemony and the fall 
of communism. The artificial 
world order of the past decades 
has collapsed and a. new, more 
just order has not yet emerged. 

The central political task of 
the final years of this century, 
then, is the creation of a new 
model of coexistence among the 
various cultures, peoples, races 
and religious spheres within a 


single interconnected civiliza- 
tion- Many believe that this can 
be accomplished through techni- 
cal means — the invention of 
new organizational, political and 
diplomatic instruments. 

Yes, it is clearly necessary to 
invent o r g an i z ational structures 
appropriate to the multicultural 
age. But such efforts are doomed 
to failure if they do not grow out 
of something deeper, out of gen- 
erally held values. 

I N SEARCHING for the most 
natural source for the creation 
of a new world order, we usually 
look to an area that is the tradi- 
tional foundation of modem jus- 
tice and a great achievement of 
the modem age: to a set of values 
that were first declared in this 
building. I am referring to respect 
for the unique human being arid 
his or her liberties and inalienable 
rights, and the principle that all 
power derives from the people. I 
am referring to the fundamental 
ideas of modem democracy. 

Even these ideas axe not 
enough. We must go farther and 
deeper. Today, we are in a differ- 
ent place and facing, a different 
si tuati on, one to wirildiclasskally ' 
modem solutions do not give a 
satisfactory response. 

After all, the very principle of 
inalienable human rights, con- 
ferred on man by. the Creator, 
grew out of the typically modem 
notion that man, as a bong capa- 
ble of knowing nature and the 
world, was the pinnacle of cre- 
ation and lord of the world. 

This modern anthroppeentrism 
inevitably meant that He who al- 
legedly endowed man with his in- 
alienable rights began to disap- 
pear from the worm. He was so 
far beyond the grasp of modem 
science that He was . gradually 
poshed into a sphere of privacy of 
sorts, if not directly into a sphere 
of OTTvate fancy — that is, to a 
ere public obligations no 
apply. The existence of a 
higher authority than man him- 
self simply began to get in the 
way of human aspirations. 

The idea of human rights and 
freedoms must be an integral part 
of any meaningful world Older. 
Yet I think it must be anchoxedin 
a different place; and in a different 
way, than has been the case so far. 

P ARADOXICALLY, inroira- 
tion for the renewal of this, 
lost integrity can once a gafa be 
found in science. In a science that 
Is new— postmodern — and pro- 
during ideas that in a certain 
sense allow it to transcend its own 
limits. I will give two exampl es * 
The “anthropic cosmological 


-principle” brings us., to an idea, 
perhaps as old as humanity itsd£. 
that we are not at all jusf an 
' accidental anomaly, the nricTO 
scopic caprice of a tiny .particle 
whirling in the endless depths of 
f theunhnerselnstead,weareirry5- 
tmously connected to 4he uni- 
verse, we are mirrored m it, just as _ 
the entire evolution of toe uni- ~ 
verreis mirrored in us. • • 

The moment it begins to sp- ' 
pear that we are idecply connected 
to the entire oniverae, science 
leaches the enter, hunts of ■ its i. 
powers. With the “anthropic cos- 
mological principle,” science has 
: found ilsdf . on the bprder ^ be- 
tween srienre and myth. 

In that; howevb; science has 
- returned, in a roundabout way, to ' 
man, and offers him {rislostinug- 

rity. It doCS SO by ancho ring him 
once more in thi'eosmos. 

The second . example is the/ . 
“Gaia hypothesis.” This theory 
brings together proof that the 
dense network of mutual interac- 
tions between the organic and in- 
organic portions of the Earth's 
surface form a single system, a 
kind of mega-organism, a living 
planet, Gaia, named after an an- 
aeatgoddcssiecognizablcasan 
archetype of the Earth Mother in 
perhaps all religions. • 

According to the Gaia hypo- 
thesis, we are parts of a greater 
whole. Our destiny is not depen- 
dent merely on what we do for 
oursdvesbutaUoonwhatwcdo 

for Gaia as a whole. If we endan- 
ger her, she will dispense with us . 
m the interests'of a higher value 
.*— life itself. 

What' makes the “anthropic 
principle" and the “Gala hypo- 
thesis” so inspiring? One ample 
thing: both remind us of what we 


have tong suspected, of what we 
have fang projected into our for- 
gotten myths and what perhaps 
has atwaysTain dormant within us 
a&arehetypes. That is, the aware- 
ness of bong anchored in the 
Earth and the universe. — the 
awareness that wc are not here 
akwe nor for ourselves ahne.bui 
are an integral part of 
mysterious entities aj 

it is not advisaWclo r 

This forgotten awareness is 
encoded in ail religions. Cultures 
anticipate it in various forms. It 
is one of the things that form the 
basis of man’s understanding of 
hrmself, of his place ia the world 
and ultimately of the world as 
such. Dus awareness endows us 
with the capacity for sdf-tran- 
. scendence. 

■pOUllCIANS atmtemation- 
-K d forums may reiterate a 
thousand times that the basis of 
the new world order must be uni- 
vareal respect fox human , rights, 
but it W01 mean nothing as long 
as tins imperative. does not derive 
from the respect of Ufa miracle of 
Being, the miracle of the universe, 
the miracle of nature, the miracle , 
•of ‘our own. existence. i 

Orify someone who submits to 
the authority of the universal order 

of creation, who values the 
right to be a part of' it 1 and a 
p&rtkapanl m it, can genuinely val- 
ue - himself and his neighbors and 
thus honor their rights as «ril 
The Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, adopted 218 years ago in 
dns building, states that the Cre- 
ator gaveman the right to Kbcrty. 
it seems mail can realize thatfib- 
W only if be does not forget the 
One who endowed him with it. 

, The New York Tones. . 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1894: SoottdaleRiot . 

NEW^ YORK — A body of 100 
nqgroes unexpectedly marched 
into Scottdale m Pennsylvania yes- 


adopted regarding Cuba, occupy- 
ing all ports and not withdrav - 



exs and dubs. The .burgess, . Me. 
Robinson, called ah them to dis- 
pose, but they refused and one or 
two of their number fired at him 
The burgess then called a number 
of citizens to his assotance and a 


““ “'VWW IU, HUH US. 

the encounter and being coat- 
pefled to flee from thetown. 

1919: WatdungBfeswDO 

-NEW- YORK: — After several 
years of patient -tofaratioiji^ the 
turmoil m Mexico, described as 
“watchful waiting,? tiie United 
Stales is prepared to intervene in 
the Federal Republic. 'Thc pro- 
gramme, it is ssd, win be similar 
to that which the United. States. 


.a stable government based on 
law and order and the protection 
of life and property. 

1944; 

Washington* -- 

New York edition:] 

German offices caj 
ting on the Cher 
were 100 per c 
pioiessLonal soldier 
jqrity” of . the regal 
made op of Rua 
Czechs and son» 

Lieutenant Color 
Daly observer tor 
marshal, revealed tc 
si a press conference 
prisoners were boyi 
who had been wit 

”outh movement a 

« laborers imtil 
slar tod, when they v 


i 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD tribune, MONDAY, JULY II, 1994 


Page 7 


- Selected in UNIOUE 

THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE FOR HOUSES, CARS, YACHTS, CRUISING, AIRCRAFT, ARTS, AND UNIQUE PEOPLE 




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-lolBWd ij** &**£ thfOUF 

““W- 

CBMttereMla «M. Fimm.-ULfttt 1 4740 
n ISorPflJI 47 M7999aryo>rnd mw* opaL 


8 T 



FRANtt 

)2shyzMBryhnni6alfm)Jitreitw ttb apsigbn3&pnn 
5 bea <i mded pounds wafa i pood and gardens. Very 
ratably ranced with i w l r m ni of oapaal i,m, ™L 
eqnypoi with modem idn tiral. ernwry. and IroAen 
ysaas. 

Soiuhora BtAUOtS - Breoca 
M(3IH I 8952212 or 895 6733 'fas. 895 
831 7. foil -FiRaMB TeL (33) 1 64 07 66 66- 
Fax. (33)1 64 V 66 23. 


aSTIf NEAR PARIS 

(Mowing (he previous ad} Modem iumkg, deancal 
mnA M p wiy wrlMifllig v WfarFyctlnD jr fl/y^uCOi HffijxirZ 
ssdtiwngac. awwobie ranrorni, 13'bm*aonmob9e i y. 
(rack, pored roads adodi spread dwwgboui ihc ante s 
(65M apare mean of boi up rb&» 1 to she three 

cE ** te owiae SO VUevGa Ifna. M. PH 1 47 60 
71 12 m P3| 1 47 M 7999 oryww rod MlBaoB^ 



FRANCE 

Near Venadkddi Lontr ns in die baa of a 7,1 ID sq 
m. densdy-woadcd presav in the Vaflcc de Qsmenie. 
Lhag area of ippcni. 450 iq bl 8 htdroonw. 5 bobs, 
bege iDzpdn room and unpir tirdieD. GaanfcaaV 
{pnnctv Hared brimming pod. Very anraaira price. 
Pteaso caB Paris, Franco. 

Iof (33) 1 47 04 25 41 or (33} 1460898 76 
or (33) 1 V 63 94 52 (answnmg amchini) 


FRANCE ANTIBES 

AaoBfinn the Fan Care ud die Main inahmy 
r cso l rnria ) eompitx first-fair rhoppiog ansa. Gardes aim 
dndabk oo the lf""« Inch, Fran 1 ODD 000 FF 
(VAT esdadedi lor 3b nr so 4 100 000 FF (VAT act 
dad) far >68 nr. 

tat Min 11 amwaa Sahl ladn 06600 AXBib 
ftma. U. (3319133 19 II - fox. (33) W 65 P 75. 



ARGENTINA 

(FnIWif die above ad| Heated corered pool whmm 
and inside snadetk. Hearn) gpon boom and repaaUc 
garden. Cueobas home and bm^lm. Accen n dse 
Ue. Reddcna ofHonawy Consol, iiadd be nsed re a 
iwAh Earn as tommy dob. 25 Ion horn town. 15 bra 
horn ild center. Arting price USS 2£ M. 

ContMt Mr S^p 

ap to Aug 15, at Fax. (1) 305 920 79M - USA. 
After Abq. 30 j. of Fax. (541 94441381. AsHn ntina 



FRANG ANTIBES 

Aoom Emm da Ptot Card sad Port Vanbn. 34 imii)ne 
Bax ini barayitadmiU cornplex. Mindy 2aad4 room 
Bars; J, 5 aod 6 rooots also mifcfc. Fbereappainmients 
aid fiaahinp. Tea roan Bars. 54 ai2 and 19 m2 icr- 
occs: hooi 1 500000 FF. Four non flan, 115 nr2 aod 
40 m2 emrext : bom 3 900 000 FF. 
tattasfa^ll Anrono, Solnl Itodj, 06600 Anftba 
fnaxw ThlXO (033 1911 -fix*. J33fW 658775. 



COUNTRY ESTATE IN UK 

• b croorag axowry ratae m EagM dc Saxhnd joor 
pipe dtarn? Are yon Bore ef da kooraiU tax ajdwie- 

V* L. > ■ J. . J • J.. IIV9 


toacsjvte u and ra^'ori faryro dsepodaaoftbe 
fim or earxte of >wrr choice aod saperwa dw famiog 
. Dpenaans aan ag m i nn, nr a mmamr and accwincdKy. 

Gaadrridga, UK. PIW taafcoHoo Wo. 
M(44)»841 841 -fax. W 323 145 150 



LEGEND OF TMUGEL 

243’ )43J »d Ocean {piag lnxaiy meraryrehL Bo3i m 
Italy, 1982 Unyda Cfa* Ae a xnraadnibns hr 12 in 5 
■MS {dfl mre SdDptBBC rerenn. laore mriemod 
eqaip. EmepdoW Onarartreud GrUou, Mel far 
adenabticpMei - 

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IK. Td |44j 071 571742 . Fox. (44) 0173 S71720 or 
fnaon Id 1» 9334 01 «HO».WB 93342040 



C0L0MBAI0SUK 

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Hflh qm&r 6 dredde ahsob big esrenoe dak tptce, 
ids wdL.afi fcreoa of brenty motorjadt Modem cd . 
handEngerp^Upwdme krtT Q B i rx .M oiron i ii|irirait . 
Vay retmahr price- 


YAORW GWM M BWH MlD NAt .. 
IKRdWl 0273 57TO2-Fnx.(4fl 8273 571720 or 
FmcaHL (33)93 3401 OGfafc (33) 93 342840 



ALMAVIVA 

143' (43m] M/Y, bA in Uolrad. Petfr 

Bcridsajer desipL Karaeva mxjas, 2 x 2,500 If 
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BLUE ATTRACTION 

Uffl33mLAffld> I9S3. &rew« refit a il99i> Wo- 


2 * 435 bp CAT. 13 bo. 3JJ00 ndex range. 
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Tel (M) 71 70044S ■ faiE. (M) 71 7B0551 


LADY CHRISTINE 

mnldnod HL43miUBaB Boaxyahi, 5 dans, 
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Id. (44) 71 491 2950 - Fax. (44) 71 629 2068. 




BLUE SHADOW C FOR CHARTER 

A biuxT 165 8 150m) soaraindK whh raxaaa etaxr- 

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*P»1 


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vision sfiwUoxand Joa Bmnafaa^ Ne«2 x 755bp 
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rooms pb& era. About 4900 uile cage - 1UA1 - LMC 

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A umi lull T «4s OwJmxxL 
Id. (33) 93 25 8025 -Flax. (33) 93 25 83 10 


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raaon- 

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1946 DELAHAYE 135-M 6 

S«y«(mPtmh»ilyAEKdMfeRiaH^w^ 
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(%xu at) ftfadri body. Aowe tt SapteSe, 
Rctroeo bBe. PdUe Beach. MarioodfiiiapBrewinncTr 

. Hrehey.. 

TUtd a lndEonUSL Sale PrireUSI 67540080. 

Caoiaaj.Sadt. MB bitea teseLWatrieptaM 
• H976, USA W-p] 215491 0700 ■ Fee. (11 *13 491 



SENSATION 


3JJ MT doop, seoarionyadiB 1991. Aaoramorfahns 
fa8 b 4 cabm. Ron HoBaid deagp. Andrew wrath 


xaH 


f-nnwiift Whhi 

ToL (44) 71 352 6565 ■ Fax. (44) 71 352 6515 



JAMAICA BAY -FOR CHARTER 

A thoroogblmd araoogyt Aarter yadia danc bus and 
mfriiaal En^sh mdmgtny bramor fa 8 peso in 4 
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le iasii gi Highly o p r t a we d professional urw eusne a 
uiooouUe dwtt 

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TeL (4^71491 2950 ■ Fox. (44) 71 629 2068. 





N1CHASI 

24,4 MT wtdcnfi 1990. haauaLan fa 8 in 4 
cabiiu, 2 x raan 1100 HP - 22/25 Knots. 
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TeL (44) 71 352 6565 - Fax. (44) 71 352 6515 


MOONMAIDEN II FOR CHARTER 

As band in Janes Bmxfi • The Living Daytighu*, this 
amaohe 128 h (39ml oceangoing uotenyadu accom- 
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long Caribbean winter chattels. Exceflem Brinsfc crew of 
1L US5 49JKB perwd ♦ ronaiog e^teram. 

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ToL (441 71 730 9962. Fax. [44] 71 824 8691. 
USA Tofrfras : (1) BOO 222 9985. 


FIFE 105 

32 xUOx 4 J0a.hi3t ]920byV3BnHfaAUniqse 
J-Qan, onsz oreoed by Prince Rmaa of Monaco. 350 
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FOB 5A1£ 8 CHAK1BL 5EAHOR9 Graeca. 

TeL (30) 1 6952 212 - Fax. (30] 1 8958 317 


AMERICA 

UokjQf ^mnunirv- 

!04‘ /32m) bcA lw Goody uti Stnm in 35*67. Near 
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Guinea fnp is u 1851 which was the he n da- 
rioafatfaAacifa]sCBp.[h»9ao|^oianBy.Gmual 
racruv 

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Id. (33) 93 25 00 25 • fax. (33) 93 25 83 10 


9B FT BROWARD aam flora* taojt 

Offering a spaboBsrx* Boraufly aaodaied with nnxt 
fare wdm KLABA area fa her pan nidi oaaxw- 
rrfr modifiable asnawfinp. Vay Luge (dona md 
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TeL (34) 5 28l7lA2 - fax. (34) 5 281 5194 



1937 MERCEDES BENZ 540K. 

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55uffioeUSddBan ) 

Comer JxromxSmds. 1425 Gaten tad, Hfaringtoi, M 
1H76. USA UL (l| 21 5 Ml tnO • kx. 11) 21 5 491 
093*. 9m - 9 pro ML fegta fpidUna adf phese 



PRINCESS TANYA 

La auy c ha tcriniheMedandCwis. 188.99' (57j60m) 
bmry nioiof y adx xcry Irigh rpec 1961 Amtin and 
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Coptod ytrar Charter Broker for hJ inf or mati o n 
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fa 10 gnau, era of 8. 
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SAFE CONDUCT II 

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CAPITAL MARKETS 


Decline 


Despite Tension, Experts Of Dollar: 
bast! Now b lime to Buy a Crisis 


P 


Hie mark is putting 
upward pressure on 
short-term rates. 


ByCaiiGewirte 

IniemaamaJ Ifemkt Tribune 

ARIS_ Th e ris e of the Deutsche marie against the dollar is 
renewing pressure cm rates within Europe. The mark is also 
gaini ng against its neighbors and jhig, in mm, ij putting 
upwar d pressure oh short-term interest rates as traders 
to fear that such moves wfll be forced on Germany’s 
allies to defend their currencies, 

5* F 5 e ?5iv f f aBC sli PP ed Pa« its old support level of 3.4305 per 
mark to 3.4350 last week, its low for the year. The Belgian franc, the 
peseta, as well as currencies not fonnaDy Hnked to t fe cnf> h gg 

the pound, the lira and the - 
Swedish krona also weakened. ' 

The threat of heightened cur- 
rency tensions within Europe, 
analysts report, could increase 
the willingness of the Bundes- 
bank to intervene to support ihe 
dollar. The desire to deflect ten- 
sons also raises the possibility of a reduction in nffidai German 
rates at the Bundesbank’s July 22 policy-making mgettn^ the last 
before its summer break. 

Although in vestor s. still are largely sidelined by the upset in aD 
bond markets during the first half of the year arid by fears of yet 
more turbulence, analysts continue to insist that now is the time to 
resume buying. 

t? “There’s as much risk staying out of the market as there is getting 
in,” advises Sushti Wadhwani at Goldman Sachs in London. 
Recalling the experience of 1984 when recovery swept financial 
markets and was completed in three weeks, Ire notes, “If yon 
weren’t already positioned in the market, yon missed the recovery.” 

Allowing that prices may yet weaken further, Mr. Wadhwani 
argues, “It’s hard to know exactly when markets hit bottom. On a 
month view, there's a good probability prices will be lower, but 
taking a six-month view there’s money to be made investing now.” _ 

“It’s dearly time to start buying,” asserts Henry Looser at Bank 
Julius Baer in Zurich. “We've seen the worst The major markets, 
apart from Britain, should see yields in six months half a point 
lower than they are today and prices up accordingly.” 

His preferred investments, he adds, are in Deutsche marks, 
European Currency Units, guilders, fire and pesetas. 

Perhaps because German interest rates are expected to decline 
further, the DM portion of this week's global issue of floating rale 
notes from Italy is reported to be the least popular. In all, Italy aims 
to raise the equivalent of $4 billion — at least $1.25 billion, 150 
billion yen ana 1 billion DM. 

That totals some S3.4 billion and managers intend to allot the 
remainder in response to final demand. All three will cany the same 
coupon of the London interbank offered rate (Libor). But pricing 
will be different so that purchasers of yen paper are expected 10 

See MARKETS, Page 12 



INDEX 


- International Hemfd Tribune 
iVorW Stock index, composed 
of 280 internationally Investab/e 
stocks from countries, 
compiled by Bloomberg 
Business News. 

Week ending July 8, 
- daBy dosings, 
Jan. 1992=100. 



112 
in 
no 



Industrial Seetors/Weakend ctosa 
7*84 7 ns * 


mm mm 


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Raw Materials 12429122.07 + 1j8 

congirnar Goods 9BJB 1TMJM 

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Brewing? 

Iraematioaai Herald Tribune 

PARES — Dismayed by the 
Group of Seven’s apparent 
conmlaceacy over the dollar’s 
weakness and the failure of the 
U-S.and German central banks 
to adjust their interest rates, an- 
alysts are uncertain whether the 
dollar is headed for a collapse 
or whether officials last week 
were trying to bait a trap for 
speculators. ■ 

Under either scenario, the 
hwnwtiatft outlook for the dolr 
laris gam. 

“The risk of the dollar’s re- 
cent decay becoming a crisis 
has intensified,” warns Paul 
Chcrtkow, London-based ana- 
lyst for Union Bank of Switzer- 
land. . ... 

“A new test for the dollar and 
d nllBr ^ wnnmniiialwl assets is 
immin ent," says John Lipsky at 
Salomon Brothers in New 
York. “The combined weakness 
of the dollar as well as that of 
bond and stock markets suggest 
that investors consider that 
UJ3. policy is too loose.” 

The dollar raided trading last 
week at a 20-month low of 
1.5610 Deutsche marks and at 
98.055 yen — within spitting 
distance of its record intra-day 
low of 96.78 yen. Traders said 
that volume was light and that 
in the absence of buyers, the 
dollar had only one way to 
move. 

The currency is weighed 
down by the large and using 
U.S. current-account deficit, 
winch provides a constant out- 
flow of dollars looking to be 
converted to foreign currencies, 
as wdl as by the growing disd- 
lurionof international investors 
who loaded up on the dollar 
earlier this year and who are 
giving up waiting for its recov- 
ery. 

There’s no quick fix to that 
combination, as was demon- 
strated two weeks ago when 
concerted central bank inter- 

See DOLLAR, Page 12 


After Kim , North Korea’s Next Step 


By Steven Brull 

Intermtkn i/d Herald Tribune 

SEOUL — Whoever emerges as N orth 
Korea’s leader after the death of Kim II 
Sung will be forced by economic necessi- 
ty to speed up the Communist country’s 
tentative steps toward integration with 
the outride world. 

Yet while greater trade and investment 
will help the tattered economy to plod on 
far a few more years, nothing short of a 
full-blown economic opening can reverse 
the long-term decline of the Stalinist 
state’s economy — an option ruled out, 
however, because it would probably un- 
dermine the regime, analysts said Sunday. 

Instead, the betting is that Kim Jong 
n, Kim 1 1 Sung’s son, will become North 
Korea’s leader and pursue a modestly 
accelerated program of economic re- 
forms once be consolidates his grip on 
power over the next several months. 

Kim Jong H has been a key player in the 
North’s hesitant openings to the outride 
world, a process modeled after China's 
open-door policies begun in the late 
1970s, but North Korea’s have been far 
less ambitious and effective. In contrast to 
China's roaring economy, North Korea's 
gross national product dropped 20 per- 
cent from 1989 to 1993 and the economy 
is beset with shortages of food, energy, 
foreign exchange and clothing. 

“Ire will have to prove his legitimacy, 
bat he’s also a part of the Kim D Sung 


said Chun Hong Tack, research 
fellow at the Korea Development Insti- 
tute. “If Kim Jong II feels secure, he’ll try 
to advance the open-door policies, bat I 
doubt be can dissociate himself com- 
pletely from what bis father achieved.” 

Even if North Korea wished to open up 
more aggressively, it’s unlikely i t^co old 

economics onto a state-pfanne^ system. 
Beijing has benefited enormously from 
Hong Kong and the special economic 
zones along the coast. The closest Fyong- 
ig comes is a community of North 


“He will try to follow the Chinese way 
of economic reform, but h might not 
work as well,” said Masashi Nishihara, 
director of research at Japan's National 
Institute for Defense Studies in Tokyo. 
“So he will have to go very slowly in 
opening up the economy and may lose 
legitimacy in the process.” 

Despite the pitfalls and potential for 
political collapse, some businessmen in 
Seoul viewed the death of the 82-year- 
old Kim as a positive catalyst for North 
Korea’s economic policies and the 
South’s economic development. 

Greater openness to foreign capital 
and technology would slow the pace of 
the North’s economic decline and mini- 
mize the eventual cost of reunification 
with the South — estimated at more than 


SI trillion over 10 years. It would also 
open up a new source of cheap workers 
for South Korean companies, which 
have lost cost-competitiveness in labor- 
intensive industries. 

“The business community is very eager 
to go,” aud Lee Young Sun, professor of 
economics at Yonsei University. “They 
are already calculating their profits.” 

South Korea's chaebol, or conglomer- 
ates, have long had plans to invest hun- 
dreds of minions of dollars in North 
Korea. None of their proposed projects 
is in operation, however, because of 
Pyongyang’s suspected nuclear develop- 
ment program. 

But companies, spuned by the summit 
meeting of North and Smith Korean 
leaders, planned for later this month but 
canceled, have been stepping up their 
preparation. Lucky-Golostar, for in- 
stance, plans first to invest in light and 
medium-size industries such as textiles 
and toys; later, it will move into heavy 
industries such as cement, chemicals and 
electric power generation. 

“We're all seeking labor that’s cheaper 
than it is in Vietnam or Oiina but much 
more skilled and diligent and winch 
speaks Korean,” said Kim Do Kyoung, 
research director at Lucky-Goldstar’s 
economic research institute. “This will 
allow South Korea to be competitive for 
a longer time, even against Japan.” 


Lockheed to Sell F-16s to Singapore 


By Michael Richardson 

Iniemaaoaal Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — Aria has 
become the key market for 
United States manufacturers of 
combat aircraft, analysts said 
Sunday, Following an an- 
nouncement by Singapore that 
it would buy eighteen advanced 
F-16 fighters made by Lock- 
heed Fort Worth Go. of the 
United States far an undis- 
closed price. 

The deal is a setback for rival 
U.S. maker, McDonnefl-Doug- 
las Aerospace Co., which bid 
far the same order by offering 
Singapore 18 of its latest F/A- 
18 Baiters at an estimated cost 
of $1.5 billion. 

Lee Boon Yang, Singapore’s 
defense minister, said Saturday 
that the F-16 had been chosen 
“because it is the most cost- 



Hong Kong Notebook 


Colony Regulators 
Pursuing ' Big Fish 9 

From individual stock exchange floor traders to prominent 
businessmen and establishment banks like Standard Char- 
tered PLC, a growing list of Hong Kong identities are finding 
themselves on the sharp end of regulatory enforcement. 

Most people believe that Hong Kong, besmirched by its 
decision to dose its stock and futures exchanges for a few 
days after the October 1987 market collapse and numerous 
tales of corporate scandal, should welcome a trend toward 
tighter enforcement. 

But Chim Piti-chung, the gold Rolls Royce-driving busi- 
nessman who represents the financial community in the 
colony's Legislative Council, disagrees wholeheartedly. 

“If the regulation is too strict, then perhaps some of the 
weO-healed wfll be rductant to invest here;" sari Mr. Chim in 
a local newspaper report “That wfll be detrimental to Hong 
Kong’s status as a financial center.” 

Mr. Chhn tends to speak for small, local badness interests. 

Until high-profile Standard Chartered’s local merchant 
bank and stock broking subsidiaries were disciplined for 
misconduct in the trading of shares by newly listed compa- 
nies, many local brokers believed that the colonial govern- 
ment unfairly targeted small players such as themselves. 

“There are plenty of sharks in Hong Kong, but it’s about 
time they started catching a few big fish instead of the Hide 
ones," said one local trader who asked not to be identified, 
referring to the widespread belief that many of Hong Kong’s 
biggest corporate names regularly manipulate stock trading. 


Rebates and Sofa Commissions Challenged 

Whilefund managers from larger, blue-chip firms might be 
reluctant to ride in Mr. Chim’s gold hmo, they may find 
themselves allied with him in a fight against another Securi- 
ties and Futures Commission campaign: a crackdown on the 
payment of cash rebates and “soft dollar” commissions. 

A paper published last week by the SFC indicated it wants 
to ultimately ban cash rebates paid by brokers to fund 
managers in return for business placed with them. The SFC 
also called for tighter regulation of soft dollar commissions, 
through which brokers provide goods or services to fund 
managers in return for their stock trading business. 

Cash rebates are generally prohibited in the United States, 
Britain and Australia, and soft commissions are tightly regu- 
lated. 

“We don’t want this turn into an us-a^ainst-the-SFC is- 
sue,” said an executive with one securities firm now preparing 
a response to the SFC proposals. “But we feel the outright 
banning of rebates would disadvantage Hong Kong as a 
global as well as regional financial center.” 

A Wealth of Investors for Programming Gnrn 

Known in local television circles for an ability to select hit 
programming, Robert Cbua has a few lough business choices 
of his own to make. Armed with coveted space on a satellite 
whose agnal wifl cover China, and a strong track record as a 
Chinese eotatahunent producer, Mr. Chua says he can’t 
decide whose money to accept as investment capital in his 
nascent Mandarin-language China Entertainment Television 
Broadcast Ltd. 

“I only need $50 miHkm, but about $100 nrilHon wants to 
come in,” said Mr. Chua, a producer of game and variety 
shows, corporate videos, and adult entertainment telephone 
services and programs. “I must have the right partners, ones 
that bimg more than just money to the deal” 

Mr. Chua {flans to launch three channels for distribution 
throughout Taiwan and China, where cable television networks 
which now may save up to 20 million households. The first, a 
food, entertainment and lifestyle channel — “very safe: no sex; 
no violence; no news” — should be ready in 1995. 

Mr. Chua waves off ins doubters: “I have a special gift for 
giving people what they want” Stay tuned. 


Kevin Murphy 


effective aircraft for our de- 
fense and security needs.” 

He did not disclose the value 
of the deal, which includes ar- 
maments, spare parts, technical 
tr aining and support 
But analysts said that by in- 
sisting on a competitive tender 
between the two leading Ameri- 
can manufacturers, Singapore 
had probably achieved a sub- 
stantial reduction in the cost of 
the F-16 package, originally es- 
timated at anxmd $900 million. 

“If s a buyers’ market now,” 
said one analyst. “With U.S. 
arms makers facing sharp cuts 
in orders at home, Asia has the 
strongest sales prospects.” 

Strategic uncertainty in the 
region intensified over the 
weekend with the announce- 
ment that Kim II Sung, the 
long-time Stalinist leader of 


Noth Korea, had died Friday. 

South Korea has been a ma- 
jor buyer of U.S. arms, includ- 
ing F-lffs. 

Mr. Lee said that deliveries 
of the advanced model F-16 
C/D to Singapore would start 
in 1998, and that the existing 
seven F-16 A/B’s belonging to 
the Singapore air force would 
be phased out of service. 

The advanced model has a 
more powerful engine and a 
more potent combat capability. 

Speaking before the Singa- 
pore order was announced, 
Dwain Mayfield, vice-president 
of marketing for Lockheed 
Forth Worth, said that a back- 
log of 540 F-16 orders from 
both U.S. and foreign buyers 
would keep the assembly line 
busy through 1999. 

Of Ihe nine foreign custom- 


ers, five — Singapore, Thai- 
land, Taiwan, South Korea and 
Pakistan — are in Asia- Indone- 
sia also has F-^s and, like oth- 
er Asian operators, may make 
follow-up orders or upgrades. 

McDonnell Douglas made its 
first breakthrough in the South- 
east Asian fighter market when 
Malaysia agreed to buy eight 
F/A-18’s in December, after 
extensive negotiations on price 
and other terms. 

Napb Razak, the Malaysian 
defense minister, said recently 
that Malayaa was still interested 
in buying more F/A-18’s despite 
its decision last month to pur- 
chase 18 Russian-made MiG- 
29’s, valued at over $500 mflfion. 

Analysts said Sunday that 
Singapore might also buy F/A 
18’s in future to replace its fleet 
Of A-4 Sky hawk bombers. 


China’s 
'Mobile’ 
War Cry 

New Phone Firm 
To Be Launched 


Bbomberj Btainea New, 

BEIJING — In an attempt to 
break the dominance held by 
foreign companies in China’s 
booming mobile phone and 
pager markets , ri gh t Chin ese 
concerns will join forces to form 
a competing entity, die official 
China Daily reported Sunday. 

Jlnfeag Telecommunications 

Ca, to be launched in Beijing in 
August, will try to cut into the 
phone handset market leader- 
ship of UJS.-bascd Motorola 
Inc. and into the switching 
equipment strength of Sweden's 
Ericsson AB, the paper said. 

Explosive growth has already 
made China’s mobile telecom- 
munications network the 
world’s third-largest behind the 
United States and Japan. 

The enterprises forming the 
new company include giant 
consumer electronics firm 
Changhong Electronics Co., 
Changling Electronics Co., 
Beijing Huaxun Telecommuni- 
cations Corp. and Beijing Catch 
Telecommunications Corp. 

■ An Ultimatum to GATT 

China has thrown down an 
ultimatum in its bid to rejoin 
GATT, setting tins month’s 
GATT meeting in Geneva as 
the deadline for the world trade 
body to accept itspackagp of 
concessions, the China Daily 
Business Weekly said Sunday, 
Agence France-Presse reported 
from Beijing, 

Ministry erf Foreign Trade 
and Economic Cooperation of- 
ficial Li Zhongzhou said C hina 
would simply go its own way if 
the meeting, which opens July 
29, rejected ts package, the pa- 
per said. ’ 

“GATT can take it or leave it, 
but if s final.” said Mr. Li, add- 
ing that there would be no room 
for future talks if China’s offer 
was dismissed. 


The Annual Oxford Summit 


umi 


Jk- 




SEPTEMBER 21-24, 1994 • BALLIOL COLLEGE • OXFORD 

Renowned scholars and corporate leaders assess 
the global business climate 

Three days to refresh your mind. A creative blending of business and 
intellectual perspectives. A chance to challenge conventional wisdom 
and gain new insights. These are the opportunities presented by the 
annual International Business Outlook conference. 

Effectiveness achieved bv drawing on our vast resources to give 
timelv and objective comment on the world’s most business sensitive 
developments. 

Exclusivity secured by a strict limit on participants to ensure a 2:1 
ratio of business leaders to specialists. 

Stimulu s provided by a reflective atmosphere, prominent global 
figures and intimate debate. 

The Oxford Summit - combines the discipline of scholarship 
with the experience of business. 

SPONSOR* OF THE BLENHEIM PALACE BANQUET WILL INCLUDE COCM*ERs & LMiRANri; 
GIBSON. HUNS & CRUTCHER. \NO THF IIPPO CROUP. 


ivr>:aun»iMu®* 

Itcralo^i^enbunc 



OXFORD ANALYTIC A 


For further information, please contact Jane Bcnncy at the 
International Herald Tribune, 63 Long Aero, London WC2I- 9)H 
Tel: (44 71) 836 4802 Fax: (44 71 ) 836 0717 





WKNAimALECOKTS 

Serace • W orkhndc 
Tat 212 - 765 - 7*96 Haw M IBM 

M&t Cndt Conh Accepted 


■’'SS&nSub*' 

0*v (Br DM «nH +S4494297 




















































































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 11, 1994 


Page 11 








nli 


<3i’k 


■etsfcs 


A 


New International Bend Issues 

P xn P^ e d by James ComeK 


Amount 
(mHone) 1 


Coup. 


Price 
Pile* end 


Term 


nMi« Me Hates 


Banco Naoonale dd 

tovwoOtarsKond 

$100- 

1999 0375 100 • 

Orer 3«nah Ubor. Bwltored ol 99J25L fG*ank 


$150 

2001 120 100. 

Over liber. NoKcdUil*. Am nMdfdoMd.Danomi' 

mtoom SSXMXXL (Menfl LyndiJ 

Daiwa Oversees 
Finance 

$100 

2004 Ojo 100' 

Orerifflorthlitnr. Mcadmun.bWfnt it WSL NuncuNubto. 
Fees 0.125%. (Sabxnon Broltian bfilj 

E*** Gujarat 

$200 

1999 2* TOO 

Ow Areorth Ubor. Nenaflabto. Fees 1WL Dvcnencdiom 
S2SVJ0Q. (Oxx* InreUmenl Bont) 

Horii Bank 

$100 

1999 034 100 

Over 6reonth Libor. NonaAtofai. Few OlISX. fBJ Am) 

towho Finance Public 
lid. 

$100 

1997- ITS 99^54 

Over 3fliarth Laser. Noneeiabie. Fees 0l50Sl Denoninalion 
SIlMHOk (Nomura toll PlcJ 

J^donglntTTraitA 
Investment Corp. 

$130 

2001' add ; 100 ■ 

1 Over tmorift Ubor. Caflafale and rodeenfeUe ol par from 
1999. Fee* not dadowL (BJ A*iaJ 

Austrafa ond New ' 
Zealand Banking 
Group 

£200 

1997 at» ;99 jb ; 

,J Oi»r3cionth Libor. NonctJnhfe. Fim 0.15%. Dwcminoliore 

xnnooo cubs Ltd) 

FlX+d-CotUMKM 

— 

. >• 1 

. • - 

Rabobank Nederksid 

$2» 

1997. ~ 6J6' ' 100M' 9930 

NoncDfioble. Few TM%. (Svni Brak Carpj . •• 

Sweden - 

$300 

1996 Ok 100475.9935 

■ NoncofaWe. F*** 1)4%. (Norojrafetl) 

Commerzbank 
Overseas Rncmce 
iCUacuo) 

mJOO^OO 

1999. KW '.161.1® -99*5 

NonccWde. Few ItUL (M Bank) 

Deutsche Bank 
finraKB (Curaaao) . . 

ni 200/J00 

10» 1999 '. MTS - 99 JO 

Noncotable Fwa 1H% [Douteehe Bank) 

Oesterrekhodhe . 
KantroRbonk 

m 200000 

1999 10 -lOM 99 JO 

f 

? 

I 

I 

DSL Finance . 

.c»125. 

1998 914 Ifli.Tp 99 JO 

Keoftrod at 99761. NonraBoUe. Fees TH. gtetoas Capital 
Mariaris.) 

British Columbia 

Y 50,000 

.1999 4 •' 9940 100L1O NMMxdabiB.Fm025%P(>MEDrop«J 

British Columbia 

Y 10,000 

1997 -340 1000*“ — 

Noncotabie. Fms 0.1875%. (Mtrrl Lyndi krtl) 

British Columbia 

yio^no 

1997 314 K» — 

- Nancalabie. Few not ctodoted Denamextiions lDO nAn 
yen. (LP. Morpon SoeortSesJ 

British Columbia 

Y10JM0 

1997. 33) 100 — 

Noncalobfe. Fms not dndoni Denoeahaiow MO m*oo 
yen-pJ*. Morgvi Sacuribes.) 

Caisse Rationale da 
CWt Agricole 

YlOjJOO 

1999, 4 Jtm - — 

■ Nonoalabla. 'Fees 025%. (Nomura Ml) 

Deutsche Bank 

Finance JCurocx») . 

Y 50,000- 

1999 -41S 10030- 10055 Nww«^f«a2S%pVtanaL>^ 

Afitsubishi Corps. '' 
Finance 

y 30,000 

1997 3H TOOJD — 

Noncafable. Few 03056. Denunenutiont 10Q mMon yen. jBU 

: ■ 

Mitsubishi' - 
Petrochemical 

Y20JOOO 

2001 Iss Toaw — 

NoncsUle. Fees 111%. Deaoninafiom 10 miBonyea. {NUo 

.... 

Mitsubishi 

Petrochemkd ' 

YWjOOO : 

.1998 4 . . 99m — 

htonco8e6ifa. FewTM% Derxxainclioni 10 rtWKonyem.(ti6ta>- 
. bid* finance Ml) 

New South Wales - 
TreacuryCorp. 

Y 20000 

1997 33> 100LOB7 — 

Noncotabie. Fne 0.1 875%. (Menfl Lyndi Ml) 

Norddeutsdie 

Landesbank 

YTOJOOO 

1997 330 100237 

UrmriX+L. Fees not disdoeeri. Deuueemliuw 100 mtoon 
yen. (Nomura MTJ 

NTT Data 
Communications . 
Systems 

~Y 10^000 

1999 . 4J0 10014. — 

NonodMJe. Few 030% Denomination* 10 nOon yon. (B1 
Inti Plc] 

Rabobank Nederland 

YlOjXJO 

1999 4 100.408 — 

Nonalofain. Fees OJSV DenoraincBiom 100 eiBon yon. 
(Nonurahll) 

Sweden 

y 50,000 

.1997 3.10 100 V100L05 Noncaflabla. Fmk 0.15%. (BJ Inti) 

EtpjHtty-Unkted 




Ayala Land 

$100 

2000 open TOO . — 

Coupon Mfiotead at4 ta4Wt NonodMJe. ConvortWeracn 
inpeded 4 to 8% prennum. Foes W% Tenre to be set next 
week, pfcxgan .Stanley Mlj 

UbfifehtT 

$360 

2004 Open 100 

Coupon iedkatod at 4%6S%. Conuorfbl* Mo shares af 
Itoery til* Aamdafioa af Afrhxi UcL The bonck *41 be 
eaBabb from 1999 ff ihn stack trades at 140% or more af 
aonrenkw prioe. Tema W be set nwt week. (South AfrieoJ 



“ ■ ’ . 


WORLD STOCKS IN KEVIEW 


guilders. 
Shell slip 


Vh*t>Mi ftw ft — i ' ' 

Amsterdam 

Amsterdam ended the week 
down slightly as tradmg-fcfl off 
late in Friday’s session. The 
AEX index dipped 038 points 
Friday to dose - the week ax 
38534 points. 

Dealers were generally await- 
ing the outcontt of the Group of 
Seven meeting in Naples before 
conmrittmg themselves on the 
markets. 

Among lwrfrng issues, the 
chemical group Akzo Nobel 
gained 030 to dose at 19330 
'ers, but Royal Dutch/ 
slipped 0.40 to 189.70. 
is lost 0.10 to end at 5030, 
and Unilever gained 0.70 to end 
at 18430. 

Frankfurt 

The Frankfort slock market 
had an uncertain week in tow - 
level trading, as investors wait- 
ed for decisions by the U.S. and 
German central banks on inter- 
est rates and for the end of the 
G-7 meeting. 

The DAX index ended at 
2,050.85 points, up 0.70 percent 
ftom the previous week. 

Commerzbank said the 
Frankfurt market was on the 
way back after share losses m 
June, when the DAX fdl 5 per- 
cent. The bank aqxxt* to see 

the DAX at 2350 max months, 

primarily because of unproved 
business earnings. . . 

Bank issues were xmxeo- 
Oresdner Bank lost 030 Dent- 
sche marks to end 37830, but 
Commerzbank gained 3.50 to 
331.50 and Deutsche Bank 
moved ahead 10 to 714. ■ 

Caniffi]£erswOTStr»g.w* 

VW up 230 to 473 and BMW 
Tip 15 to 799. 


Inuestorc were waiting -for 
sires dot conditions were in 
pitKK far a rise in economic ac- 
tivity and sitting tight until the 
end of the G-7 meeting 
With regard to domestic is- 
sues, JSnanaers were anticipat- 
ing a package af economic mea- 
sures expected to be announced 
Thursday by the revepment of 
Prime hfimster Silvio Bcrins- 
coni. -Hub unvafing of the pack- 
age was officially postponed to 
next week because of the G-7 
meeting . 

London 

Prices ffnetuated last week, 
ending dightty higher, as. deal- 
ers waited m vain far news ftoin 
the UJ5. Federal Reserve and 
the Bundesbank. - - - 

-The F inancial Thnes-Stock 
Exchange 100 indexof leading 
stores 


cent, on pub] 
showing 


. or 0.8 per- 
ition.of figures 
that Britain’s trade 


Tokyo 


deficit narrowed to £B03 nril- 
. hon in April,'' from a revised 
re of £1.213 billion in 



feD to their lowest 
wo months in Hong 
xb 2 tinned uncertainty 
Interest rales and enr- 

les jcQrt investas on 



U3. Federal Re- 
jot raised mtoest 

ek, brokers said up 

Id look to the G-7 
^ oncnnnd 


ilan stock - 
signally in mo~r 
blrvfibtd mdex ad- 
09 percent to close at 


But inflationary fears and 
worries of higher interest, rates 
remained. . 

The merchant bank 
Schraders, which said it was 
miring its 423 percent stake in 
U3. investment bank Werth- 
dm Schroder to85 percent, rose 
42 pence to 1380.. 

Hurotmmd rose 9 pence to 
270, afterfalling framgams ear- 
lier in the wedc The result of its 
rights issue, published on 
Tfauxiday, showed it was 95.1 
percent taken up: - 

Fans 

The Paris Bourse ended in an 
optimistic mood, with the 
GAG-40 index Fnday.iq? 2.5 
percental 1320.78 paints. But 
that was still 19 percent down 
from its Feb. 2 record high of 
2 J60.98 pomes, as tradiqg rc- 
rwnfne d ikm at an estimated 1.7 
KiTKori francs. 

The market remains in the 
bear mode into which -it 
dumped after the U3. derision 
toraise djbrt-lennriiies in Feb- 
roaiy. The resulting jitters- on 
bond markets dragged Europe- 
an stock exchanges into thor 
slipstream, as rates crept up in 
Germany and France. • 

Of leading issues, Eurotunnel 

pip ped 40 centimes to 2235 
francs: Feduney international 
was down 230 francs at -146. - 

Singapore 

Prices oo the Singapore Stock 

Exchange , ended lower this 
week as investors stayed on the 


Long Rates 



Level Since 
Late 1992 


By Kenneth N. Gilpin 

Hew York Tines Service 
_ NEW YORK — Long-term 
interest rates have risen to their 
highest level since just after 
President Bill Clinton was elect- 
ed, as the band market sold off 
after a June employment report 
that was much stronger than 


Labor Department said 

the 379,000 rise m payroll an- 

UJS. CREDIT MARKETS 

ployment reported for June 
might have overstated the 
growth by as many as 100,000 
jobs. But analysts said the fig- 
ures, coupled with upward revi- 
sions in the number of jobs cre- 
ated in April and May, were 
consistent with an- economy 
showing momen tum. 

In order to slow growth to a 
more sustainable pace, and thus 
kero inflation m check, analysts 
said the Federal Resave Board 
would probably push up short- 
term interest rates for the fifth 
time this year. 

“The numbers were undeni- 
ably strong," said David H. 
Rosier, chief economist at No- 
mura Securities International. 
“Even though the employment 
data and anything else that hap- 
pened in June was too dose to 
previous Fed moves to have had 
any impact, I don’t think the 
markets will give the Fed the 


sidelines for most of the five 
trading days Awaiting fresh 
leads mom similarly cautious 
overseas markets. 

The key market indicator, the 
Straits Tunes Industrials index 
lost 47.71 pants to dose the 
wedkat 2,162.94. 

Dealers said that in the first 
four days of the week, investors 
were reluctaiil to move before 
knowing the results of the U3. 
Federri Open Market Commit- 
tee meeting. UJS. institutional 
funds, which played a part in 
last year's bull run here, were 
not eager to eotcar the market 

Even the release of improved 
trade figures for May faded to 
create any interest in the market 

Volume for the week 
. amounted to 412.66 nriflion 
1 shares worth 1 2. bflHon Singa- 
pore dollars, 12.7 percent down 
from the previous week. 


The Tokyo market finished 
the week sUghtiy off, with, the 
Nikkei index slipping back to 
2032631 as investors sat back 
to await developments at the G- 
7 meeting. 

There were some buybacks 
but ariutrage^lmked selling per- 
sisted. 

On Tuesday, the Nikkei in- 
dex had moved up to 20,83437 
as the yen further eased to 99 to 
the dollar. But its upward thrust 
was curbed in late trading as 
brokerage bouses stepped up 
seQmg on their own accounts. 

- Despite the yen’s strength, 
which makes Japanese products 
less competitive abroad in 
toms of prices* export-led elec- 
tricals and antos had mixed for- 
tunes. Sony Cap. dosed at 
6,030 yen, off from 6,010 yen a 
week earlier, but Sharp Carp, 
gamed 30 yen to 1,840 yen, 
Toyota Motor Cap. rose from 
2,170 yen to 2310 yen; Nissan 
Motor Co. fdl from 864 yen to 
831 yen. 

Zurich 

Zorich slipped back again in 
low-volume trading that failed 
to reach the 500 nrilEon-franc 
made, as the Swiss Performance 
Index dropped 1533 paints to 
end down 0.8 percent at 
1*702.11. • 

• Dealers said the market 
needed more-indications of the 
state of companies before com- 
mitting themselves, and the 
continued weakness of the dol- 
lar hit export-linked issues. 

Despite the doom, banks 
were up, with UBS gaining 12 
francs to 1,164 andSBS gaining 
9 to 400. CS Holding pushed 
ahead 16 to '566..- 


Bbomberg Busina* News 

FRANKFURT — Finance 
Minister Tbeo Waigel says the 
world economy is sound and 
the dollar’s recent slide against 
the Deutsche mark should not 
be ovodramatized. 

In an interview with the 
newspaper Welt am Sonntag, 
Mr. Waigel .said from Naples 
that finance ministers from the 
Group of Seven leading indus- 
trial nations had discussed the 
weakening dollar, bat were not 
ready to act 

On Saturday, Mr. Waigel had 
said that a further fall in the 
dollar was "neither desirable 
nor justified.” But in the news- 
paper interview, he seemed to 
adopt a less urgent tone. 

"The dollar right now is 
roughly where it was in 1990 
and is very stable,” he said. 
“For all of the G-7 nations, Na- 
ples has bolstered their determi- 
nation to consolidate and stabi- 
lize the dollar in the midterm.” 

Tire dollar this year has fallen 
more than 10 percent against 
the mark, 1 1 percent against the 
Swiss franc and more than 12 
percent against the yen. 


Evromarts 
At a Glance 


WMUy 

JJy7 



OOet EerodHr 


S 

NflRl S 

Hoes 

Sksdefate 

' IUB 

tux mrto 

iJBia 

Csewft 

2US 

570 970 

BB4D 

HUk 

4550 

29J36 41658 

32280 

ECP 

531668 

147340 V34J0 

&TO48 

TtM 

isauo V 5550 WIMD 

601670 

5KBMKU6I 

Corel Emdear 


•* 

Hoot s 

Hoot 

IWXilt 

R3D460 lUKMXaMIO 31M1 B 

Convert. 

1M68 

4DJD MUB 

1,14040 

rat 

&I7380 

UMW J67I7J0 

164M0 

tCf 

ittUfiiUBua ntmtuatM 

TSM 

1MZ6.1I) 3IJ9MD 9W1J0 SWSSt 

Soura; Emeleor, G ukL 


uborlMw 


Jliy 8 


l-eteeti 

l Iteoeto 

+axxd& 

lilt 

47/14 

413/16 

Sto 

Dsftsdwteork 413/1* 

4W16 

4to 

rwMilutog 

1 413/14 

s 

57/14 

Freecfa franc 

M 

» 

515/16 

ECU 

M 

4 an* 

65/16 

Vee • 


21/16 

23/14 

Sources.' Ltoyife Sank; Revtm 



For investment 
information 

Read 

the MONEY REPORT 
every Saturday 
. in the IHT 


The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, July 11-15 


A schoauie at tna wool's economic ana 

brandal events. corapHed for the imami- 
tiorufHerau Tribune ty Btoamoerg bm- 
ness News. 

Aa to -P a cWc 

■ My 11 Haag Kong The Corwyita- 
Hvo Committee on the New Airport and 
Romm Projeca holda maoting. 

Kong Kong Kong Kong branctiofSMss 
Bank Carp, betas news conference to 
announce the bunch of a new product. 
Moagoli T h ree-day anfUrareoy o< me 

ftflpto'a Reroute) holiday. 

• July 13 Hoag Kong Chtinaln and 
CEO of UeDonnefl Douglas Corp. John 
McDonnell, apeak* at an American Cham- 
ber of Commerce luncheon. 

New Decs US. Energy Secretary, teal 
O’Leary, addresses Indo-U-S. Energy 
Summit 

Tokyo Australian Trade MHsnr Bob 
McMunan begins s tom'dsy v*jtt to Japan 
to dJocuxs trade issues. 

• My 13 Canberra John Maitland, 
president of United Mba Worttare, to ai- 
dress NaHona! Proas Club on why UMW 
beflevea government should Mentone In 
coal negotiations with the Japanese. 
Tokyo Reserve Bank at Australia Gov. 
Barme Frastr to address an investment 
(arum sponsored by Bssrtayt de Zorns 
Wsdd. 

• My 14 AdeWde Ocn Aigus, man- 
aging fflrector ol National Australia Bank, 
addresses Securities Institute of AustnWa 
on what theaoonomic recovery means to 
financiers. 

Canberra Australian Prime Minister 
Paul Keating addmew AustraHa-Asta 
womens Bu sin e ss lorum on Austnaura 
push Into Asia. 

London AustraBanlndusliyhHrasterPe- 
Mr Cook begins throe-day vtah to Britain 


ladtacusa msening in Australia wtm gw- 
emment and indusby officials. 

• My 19 Hens Kong Hong Kong 
Otwemmeni issues its index Of iMuatnai 
production for me Star quarter of 1003. 
Tokyo economic Planning Agency ro- 

taeses monthly economic report 
Tokyo Ministry of Finance releases 
June nierciian d Be trade balance. 


itfOpt ‘ 

• My 11 Brussels EUfinanceminia- 
Mcxmeet'todtecussstandardaationofEU 
taxes, tncfwflnfl value-added was and 
wHtttoMng tans on flxedJnoome bwest 
mens. 

Basel Governor s ot the central bants ot 
meGroupof Tan nations meet at the Benk 
for Iroematlorm! SettlemeiUs. 

• My 12 Amsterdam May producer 
p ri ce I nde x figures released. 

Batin European Commission President 
Jscouea Defers. Trade Commissioner 
Leon Britton and External Attars Com- 
mla a i onar Hans van dan Broak meet with 
USPieddem B* Ckraon for EU/llS sum- 
nft. 

■ My IS Frankfurt Bundesbank to 
afica aacuitisa repurchase agroements. 
London June reed price Index figures 
released. Forecast Up CL1 percent tat 
month, up 2.7 percent fa) year. 

London June unemployment figures re- 
. Fore ca st Down 20,000 jobs. 


Waigei, presents 199S draft ol taderaf 
budget to caMnet for pessago. 

Bruaaaia Emwgancy European Union 
KumnW lo reach* dispute over next EU 
commission president, 

km er l cM 

■My 11 8aHJ0M,CaBL Semlctyv 
ductor Industry Aesociation la expected 
to Masse Its ctosefy watched book-K>«a 
re«o (or June. 

Careeaa Central bank axp e ct a U to re- 
sume dollar trading alter suspension of 
more than two weeks. 

Caracas Price controls on about 130 
goods expected to taka effect 
Wa sh ing to n Senate appropriations sub- 
committee with jurisdiction over NASA 



• My 14 Anutonfu Aprt-Jun&un- 
amptoytnenl figures rafe n esd. 

Paris French mart tea doaed tor la— 
Day noUday. 

■ July IS Amsterda m hlay industrial 
sates figures refeaead. 

Boon German finance minister. Thee 


exp ec te d to decide how much money to 
■teww tor «««■ station. 

• My IS waihlnphin June produc- 
er price index figures released. 

Aflenta iDeAtianta Federsf Reserve re- 
tossas tts index for June. 

Senete confirmation hear- 


ings begin for Supreme Court nominee 
Stephen Broyer. 

Jterdteoa County, low* Jackson County 
holds a refarendum which noudd allow 
unflmflaa atafiiis gaming on rtmboaa 
and M parimutuel todflWs 
C Mra g n UAL Corp.'s shorshcMers 
meet » vote on a S43 Bfafion employee 
Buyout plan. 

Washington The American Petroleum 
institute issues its rmfcfy sport on U.S. 
petroleum stocks, production. Imports 
and refinery utilization. 

■My 13 Wa s h i ngton JunscOntkim- 
ar pr«e inoex figures released. 
W as h in gton House Banking Committee 
hearing on the Treasury's plan to rede- 
sign Federal Reserve nows to deter coun- 
terfeiting. 

W aWn gto n Tfj# Department of Energy 
issues us weekly report on US. patrotaum 
stocks, production. Imports and refinery 
utffealiofl. 

Washington The Mortgage Bankers Aa- 
soemtion of Aewncs releases its weekly 
report on mortgage a p plic a t i on s . 

NSW York Money Magaztae/ABC News 
release their weekly consumer confi- 
dence index. 

e Jtafy 14 washtngtoa June monthly 
money simply figures rstossed. 
Washington June retail sales figures re- 
toarad. 

W ash ington The Labor Department re- 
ports IrtittM wsteciy state unemptoymeni 
c o mpenswon Insurance cteans. 
Wastungton The Treasury Department 
reports weekly money supply dais. 

• My IB Wa shington The Federal 
Reserve reports June industrial produc- 
tion end capacity utBzation. 

Houston Baker Hughes Inc. releases its 
weekly survey or the number af active ou 
and gas dridtag rigs In the United States 
and Canada. 


New Truth Serum for Mutual-Fund Advertising 


The Fed made its last move 
is early May. 

The central bank’s policy- 
making Federal Open Market 
Committee met eariy last week 
to consider whether the federal 
funds rate should be raised 
again. No decision was readied 
at that time, and the Fed did 
nothing Friday to indicate that it 
bad raised the funds rate, which 
currently is at 435 percent. 

On Friday, the Treasury’s 
benchmark o% percent 30-year 
braids were being offered at a 
price of 83%, down more than 94 
point, or more than $730 for 
each $1,000 face amount of 
braids. Its yield, which moves in 
the opposite direction to the 
price, jumped to 7.69 percent, 
from 7.61 percent on Thursday. 

At 7.69 percent, the 30-year 
bond is at its highest yield since 
Nov. 9, 1992, when braid yields 
stood at 7.74 p ercent 


Slide of Dollar 
Is Overplayed, 


By Susan Antilla 

New York Tima Sofia 

NEW YORK — It’s just no 
fun being in tta mutual fund 
business anymore. Portfolio 
managers are being told to dnst 
off and read the company ethics 
policy, and fond companies are 
getting rapped on the knuckles 
for potting volatile securities in 
“safe” funds. 

And as if all that isn't bad 
imp n g h , fond com panies may 
soon be putting up with a new 
set of rules that will cramp their 
advertising styfe. Among other 
things, the proposed new regu- 
lations would demand that a 
fund refrain from durming it is 
the “No. 1" performer unless it 
is the No. 1 performer. 

Not that a fund company 
would ever do that of course. 

Mutual funds have resorted 
to all manner of creative adver- 
tising over the years, wooing 
holders of certificates of deposit 
to volatile bond funds that play 
in the derivatives market, and 
_ “first place” status 
they were No. 1 or 600. 

Most recently, investors who 
believed the marketing hype 
were unpleasantly surprised to 
learn that some of tne short- 
term band funds that supposed- 
ly had little more risk than the 
money market (“an ultra short 


bond fund for minimal risk,” 
said one) are about as stable as 
the White House staff. 

Watching over the flood of 
advertising and material 
for the National Association of 
Securities Dealers Inc. is R. 
Clark Hooper, leader of a staff 
of IS who pored over 37,000 
pieces of investment advertising 
test year — 90 percent of which 
was produced by mutual funds. 

“This year, we’re naming at a 
rate of closer to 45,000,” said 
Ms. Hooper in a recent inter- 
view. “And 45 percent of the 
material sent in has to be re- 
vised” before it gets the NASD 
blessing to be prmted or pot on 
the air. 

When a fund ad gets bounced 
by Ms. Hooper’s staff, it can be 
far any number of reasons, the 
most innocent of which can be 
some arcane technical violation 
of Securities and Ex 
Commission rules that can 
easily c or rec te d. But fund com- 
panies also try to get away with 
“disclosing” the risks in ways 
that have no impact, said Ms. 
Hooper. 

“Sometimes they put materi al 
in a footnote that Superman 
couldn't read,” she said. ^Some- 
times there's a claim in the head- 
line that should be explained on 
the first page of a sales docu- 


ment that winds up being dis- 
closed on the 95th page.” 

And sometimes, she added, 
there is a question about what 
the advertisement is implying. 
Typical is the ad that makes it 
sound as though there is no risk 
involved, as was the case with 
the “stable” short-term bond 
funds that blew up when inter- 
est rates soared earlier this year. 

Another neat trick in recent 
years has been the “Na 1 fund” 
claim in the category you 
couldn't possibly care about. 
The new advertising rales sub- 
mitted by the NASD to the SEC 
last November propose, for ex- 
ample, that advertisements 
“must not use any category or 


subcategory that is based upon 
the mutual funds’ asset size.” 

Ms. Hooper said that abuses 
in fund advertisements tend to 
be quickly addressed — a per- 
suasive chum when you consid- 
er where she gets most of her 
leads about the seamy side of 
advertising 

As it turns out, fund compa- 
nies quickly inform the NASD 
when they see an ad that raises 
an eyebrow. 

“This industry is great about 
self -policing,” she said. "‘If 
something ^iows up in the news- 
papers and a company has mis- 
calculated the yield by two or 
three baas points, the competi- 
tion will let us know about it.” 


Last Week’s Markets 


AB (bum are at of dose offrotBaa Frkkn 

Stock Indexes 

United July 8 

1709.14 
18U2 

wan 


Money Rates 

Untied States 


DJ Indus. 
DJ Ulil. 
DJ Trans. 
SAP 100 
SAP500 
SAP Ind 
NYSE Cp 


FTSE100 
FT 30 


4I&01 

449.53 

52248 

248.11 

2.96240 

Z32&20 


July 1 Otoe Discount rule 
364AM +171% Prime rate 
17&22 + 1.96 % Federal funds rale 
WKLC -049% MweB 
41239 +0S8% === 

44&20 +075% Discount 
518*4 +074% Coil money 
24633 +872% 3+nontti Interbank 


293640 +QS»% 
229S30 + 143% 


Jutyfi 
3 Yi 


July 1 
3Vi 

TA 7V. 
4% 43/16 


1% 

2 

2 


1H 

2 

2 





i 

This week's topics: 

& 

1 -o 

O Japan's Surging Yen Shouldn't Hurt In Long Term 

• x m ‘ 

O Europe's PC Market From Cozy To Cutthroat 


O Silicon Graphic, The Gee-Whiz Company 

"ft- 

O Can Beijing Jump-Start Its Car Industry? 


O Who’s To Blame For Recent Airbus Crashes? 

*r 

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Plage 12 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY ll, ,1994 


e ‘Waste’ of Unemployment 


fnienwaonat Herald Tribune 

NAPLES — There were few surprises 
in the final co mmuniq ue issued at the 


end of the su mmi t meeting of the Group 
of Seven industrialized nations, but Ieaa- 


of Seven industrialized nations, but lead- 
ers made good on the promise made at 
the G-7 jobs conference in Detroit last 
March to announce special measures 
aimed at reducing unemployment 

While noting that economic recovery 
is under way, with inflation at the lowest 
levels in over three decades, the state- 
ment pointed out that it was still “an 
unacceptable waste” for over 24 million 
people to be unemployed in G-7 coun- 
tries alone. 

Apart from measures aimed at main- 
taining low-inflation growth, the com- 
munique commits G-7 members to tack- 
ling unemployment through the 
following structural reforms: 

• Increasing investment in better ba- 
sic education and on-the-job training. 

• Reducing rigidities in the labor mar- 


ket that add to employer costs or deter 
job creation, and eliminating excessive 
regulations. 

• Promoting the spread of new, job- 
creatmg technologies, including the de- 
velopment of an integrated worldwide 
information infrastructure. 

• Promoting job creation in areas 
where new needs exist, such as environ- 
mental protection. 

On trade, the G-7 members pledged to 
seek the ratification of the Uruguay 
Round accord of the General Agreement 
on Tari ffs and Trade this year so that 
GATT’s successor, the World Trade Or- 
ganization, can be established by Janu- 


ary 1, 1995. 
The G-7 al 


The G-7 also encouraged the study of 
new international trade issues by the 
Organization for Economic Cooperation 
and Development, especially the search 
for rules that would remove obstacles to 
foreign direct investment It also sup- 
ported study by the WTO of issues such 


as trade and the environment, and trade 
and labor standards. 

The commiiniqufe called on the World 
Bank to strengthen efforts to reinforce 
private capital flows to the worid’spoor- 
est countries, and asked the Paris Club of 
industrialized creditor nations to press 
ahead with debt write-offs for them. La 
the most desperate cases, these write-offs 
could amount to more than half the ex- 
isting debt, U.S. officials said. 

The G;7 expressed alarm at the growth 
of organized transnational nrin» J includ- 
ing money laundering, and promised to 
strengthen international cooperation to 
address the problem. 

Finally, it was agreed that the G-7 
summit next year in Halifax, Nova Sco- 
tia, should focus on ways to sustain, eco- 
nomic growth in the 21 st century, and on 
adapting multilateral institutions and 
building new ones to reflect the changing 
structure of the world economy. 

—ALAN FREEDMAN 


DOLLAR: With the a Cnm 

Conthreed from Page 9 interest rates and forecasts a He sees the Federal Reserv e He cm* 

rention failed to arrest the dol- dollar comeback “when yields Board acting after tins we***. recover 


<1 

iH 


Contimed from Page 9 interest rates and forecasts a He sees the Federal Reserv e j jq dm until 

vention failed to arrest the dol- dollar comeback “when yields Board acting after this weesrs -jWmjaidy recover 

Jar's decline. The current ritua- on U.S. bonds havtbeen driven data on retail sales and inflation ..TrUx by year-cod. 

tion in the foreign-exchange sohirii and thecnniencysolow andhkefy toraise^is jotovct- w 

market is unusual because spec- thatmtemational investors fed night cost of money byhalf a - j ^. K: } wnn n not 

ulators are not prominent. * compelled to buy U.S. assets.** percentage point to 4.75jxs-- _ ■ tKnporaj y bounce in 

But a dash of speculative ex- • Avinash Persaud at JJ. Mbr- cent That might give the dollar doflar to perhaps I.65DM 

cess now, even tf it means a gan in. London, warns, “Its some. -temporary respite, x-j 105 la* butne remains 

further temporary setback for wrong to assume that because Persaud says. But be expects the for re- 

the dollar, might clearly be wd- US. interest rates were not in- currency to resume its-aeame . Iows ^ j DM and 80 
come to officials. Speculators creased after Friday’s June em- until the Fed increases rates an- 

are notoriously fickle and often ployment report that they won't odmrhalfpmnLwtedihe tnnes * 7 “" rarwiRTZ 

easily frightened into reversing besoon.” 'formic August. — LAKLOtwuui. 


come to officials. Speculators 
are notoriously fickle and often 
easily frightened into reversing 
.positions, buying what they had 
just sold and thereby capable of 
setting off a bandwagon in the 
direction intended by the inter- 
vention that caused the scare. 

So the question emerges, if 
there’s relatively little specula- 
tion, are the laconic comments 
about the dollar emanating 


MARKETS: ft’s the Time to Buy, Bond Analysts Say 


Cantoned from Page 9 

receive 8 basis points cm 
bor, dollar purchaser wS 


The search for investments qnartesiy -vahime. smoe 

md theunwahngness of Jap*- W*- 


“to any currency 

9os wmnxcr yea cata p ulted :thgt 


from the leaders of the world’s *» arecord 23-percent 

seven richest industrial democ- DM buyers 11 baso share of overall activity m tile 


seven richest industrial democ- 
racies at their s ummit meeting 
in Naples really aimed at entk- 


SUMMIT: G -7 Leaders Shrug Off the Weak Dollar and Stress Recovery 


ing speculators to get active so 
that the next round ofinterven- 


Cootoued from Page 1 

dollar, G-7 finance ministers 
fanned out to repeat the same, 
agreed points about exchange 
rates. Lamberto Dini, who as 
Italy's treasury minister was the 
main spokesman on the dollar, 
said the fall in the dollar against 
the Japanese currency lately 
was “neither justified nor desir- 
able.” 

Mr. Dini underscored agree- 
ment for European govern- 
ments to step up efforts at defi- 
cit reduction and for Japan to 
continue stimulating its econo- 
my as it heads into recovery. 
But he acknowledged that “you 
can't dictate to markets, you 
can only try to persuade mar- 
kets.” 


Mr. Dini and Edmond Al- dais from most other G-7 coun- 
phandfcry, France’s economics tries to have cut a less than 


Robert Rubin, Mr. Qin ton’s 


that the next round of interven- 
tion can be successful? . 

“It’s a very seductive thesis,” 
says George Magnus 'at S.G. 
Warburg in London; “The situ- 


prants. _ . 

The yen portion looks to be 
the most attractive as a price of 
8 over Libor can be asset- , 
swapped- back into dollars for a 
yiedd of 16 over Libor. 


Gives the dollar's sharp do-* 
dine — down “12 percent 
against the yen and off 8 per- 
cent against the Deutsche m a rk 


international capital r market 
'during (He second quarter, data 
canpofod by Salomon Brothers 


activity in the centag^unst 

1 quarter, data - no surprise, m at tne ^ oam rs 
yr^n Brothers - rimre of total seoCmd-qnarter 
geti yi gfefl to a low 31 percent 
new-jssue vrisme -The French franc nudged 


minister, expressed the hope 
that the Naples talks would 
have a calming effect on curren- 
cy markets. “I think we sent 


authoritative figure. Although said in an interview that “we Netl MacKinnon at Citibank 
he termed the summit a success deferred to the French view be- in London concurs, although 
and had a successful meeting on cause ratifying the GATT both analysts doubt it would be 
Sunday with President Boris N. agreement is our highest priori- a successful ploy. 

Yeltsin of Russia, Mr. Clinton's ty.” Mr. Bentsea tried to make Mr. MacKinnon insists that 


assistant for economic policy, a tion is ripe for such a 


Netl MacKinnon at Cii 


some good signals," Mr. Al- 
phand&ry said. 

Some officials acknowledged 
that markets might be disap- 
pointed that the summit meet- 
ing did not result in any imme- 


Sunday with President Boris N. 


Mr. Al- Yeltsin of Russia, Mr. Clinton's 


n insists that 


performance was marred by light of the setback on Sunday economic fundamentals are 


two events: 

• His remarks cm the dollar 
Friday, which effectively ruled 
out an immediate dollar sup- 


saying, Y 
them all. " 


“You’re not gonna 


wnr lring a gains t the dollar. “Pm 

not persuaded that intervention 


-Also scheduled for this week 
is the long-awaited SI -5 baffion 
issue from the Federal National 
Home Board. The five-year is- 
sue of. global noncallable bonds 
is expected to be priced be- 
tween 15 and 17 basis points 
over benchmark U.S. govern- 
ment paper, saving the borrow- 
er some 3 basis points com- ' 


dro pp ed 33 percent front tfie' -into third place bdrincTthe yw. 
openmjr three - months of fee with a ma rk et share of 8 - per- • 

r V., , > - - -■» ».•*« bVhiI ntf dM&nD UlHh 


with total 


period 


in the cent, just ahead of stex 
at the a 7.6 percent share' 


equivalent of $8&2 bHEon; the- msdkwxth 7.4 percent... 


SsiriSs fraa Airiine Boys Airbuses 


TEHRAN — 


Other results of the miifc m_ coupled with changes in short- pared to what it usually pays to contract in Paris to buy tfaree^ed A-3G0-B4 Airbuses for mote 

1 ■ ten hi mtpj'fiKt rates can snstama- * -» — - — ** - — * a. - nnrt m al. — f ■ vtrtPVT * 


diate concerted action to prop port package, sent the U.S. cur- 
up the dollar, but Mr. Bentsen rency plun ging. 


TO OUR 
READERS 
IN 




was careful to stress that gov- 
ernments and central banks re- 
tained the option of intervening 
in foreign exchange markets. 
“The one thing I don’t tele- 
graph is our future actions,” he 
said. 

Kenneth Clarke, Britain's 
chancellor of the Exchequer, 
summed up the view of G-7 
ministers in remarks made on 
British television. “We are dis- 
cussing the state of the mar , 
kets,” he said, “but nobody be- 
lieves that the politicians here 
should take any initiative to 
leap into the markets, which 


• Cm Saturday, he was forced 
to withdraw a proposal that G- 


- 1 ,. j_j _ niirMJ ,,,.. L< — term interest rates can sustama- 

chu^magreemoitanKmg G- bly reverse the dollar’s down- 
7 members to pledge a total of £<!♦ 

$200 minion £ mS grants to 

, 1 t n ■ . nrevious increases m 1 


ftjjr “ previous increases in UA inter- mand foryen by selling up to 

help Ukraine to pay f 9 r the ^ mtes ^ declines in Ger- 150 bilUon yen of 10-year 


tap the domestic market. 
Spain win tap Japanes 


7_ countries bc^n a one-year re- m«n levels Have h«H qo ffn pa ct bonds. As the calendar for new 

view of new ways to reduce f; tw ?-, 7 ao ^°] IS m !~? ar / i? ao ' on exchange rates. issues shows, there is tremen- 


rban 5100 nriflion, the newspaper Risala’at reported. 

Risala’at quoted MohammedJSaqer, tiro general manager, as 
saying that Safiran had been negotiatmg (he purchase for a year 
with'Aerospatiale, one of thefaurpartners in Aarhus Industrie. It 
said no bank guarantee had Seen repaired fdr~thb deal, signed 


view of new ways to reduce 
trade barriers after President 
Francois Mitterrand of France 
vetoed the idea on the grounds 


uwauiu uuumi iwu- „ 

tors still operating at the Cher- tH#* 


doos demand in Jh^an for pa- 
per offering a pick-up over ly- 


vetoed me idea on the grounds Z.T’iJU'Ha — ing the summit meeturn as indi- eminent issues. But this is mt. naqerwas quoceu as sayis^ j 
that it could damage efforts to pieogeo by tb,e buropean capjjg tha t “no one is willing to largely confined to maturities and spare parts. The planes, which 

ratify the recentiv sinned Uni- ^ ni ? n lts r ^ en 5 Sl ??5 nt “ take the meflaures necessarv to ri mm »« ware under- • made in 1983 but had rdativciy lo 


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and save. 
Just cad 
toll-free: 

0800 2703 


ratify the recently signed Uru- 
guay Round accord of the Gen- 
eral Agreement on Tariffs and 
Trade. 

Mr. Clinton and his aides 
tried to hide thdr embarrass- 
ment at having to scrub the 
trade initiative, which they had 
called “Open Markets 2000.” 


Corfu, Greece. Senior U.S. M d 

Fjjmtvan nffir-inic c a ;A fh~ arrest thedoUars fall or to push 


European officials said the total 
amount expected to be commit- 


He sees no reason to 


a n n r u i n — .IAAHIA2 tU UC WUUUU- „ •• 

ted for the Chernobyl shutdown «P««t an immment change in 
and to help complete three safer 


of two to six years and under- 
writers question how much de- 
mand there wifi, be for 10 -year 
paper. ... 


Payments for the Airbuses will be stretched over ei ght yea rs, 
Mr. Baqer^ was quoted as saying. The contract covers equipment ■ 
and sparepartSL Tbe planes, which can cany 300 passengers, were * 
made m T983 but had retotivefy tow flight hpura, he said. ■ 

■ Safiran, formed fourjyears ago as' a charter transport airline , 1 
will use them domestically and cm remond routes to roch destma- • 
tions as kfiddle Eastern and GenteatAsiaa countries. 


nudear reactors would be close 
to $1.5 billion. The money is to 
come from government grants 


NASDAQ NATIONAL 


ought to settle down because But French officials, who were ^ ^ ^ 

the fundamentals are good in joined in their objections by Int f™ ltl onal Monetary Fund 

n:_ o ■i-n „ *T _1 . -i ana the World Bank 


the Big Seven countries.’ 


Chancellor Helmut Kohl of 


Although Mr. Clinton was Germany, called the Clmfpn 
counting on the Naples talks to proposal “sort of a UFO” and 


improve his standing as a world criticized the last-minute way it 
leader and correct the percep- was put forward, in a letter 


leader ana correct tne percep- was put forward, m a letter 
tion that his administration is from Mr. Clinton to his coun- 
weak on foreign policy, the terparts just 10 days before the 


president was judged by offi- Naples meetin g. 


and the World Bank. enaea 

The meeting also heM out the 
prospect of more than $4 biffion smdu av y 
of World Bank and IMF funds a 

fra- Ukraine over the next two KrfSw ** 1 
years, providing the govern- ftgg* £ | 
ment there pursues serious eco- ^ , 

nomic reforms. 

tfXSH W7A 




Conaoridaled trading for weak 
ended Friday, July 8. 

(Continned) 


■“■I- I “• KmMn - 

(Continued) 

DWYM NfeWiLMQMOW KeyFfi 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


WO RLD CU P 
TICKETS 


FAA.CTS. Th» frea Anglo Aroonajn 


AXIS co unu ing ft >t K i i al «nKM 
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USuo 



fi M D A Y 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 11, 1994 


Page 13 




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Tour Continues to Take a Toll on Riders 


A woman along the road to 

Q 


• - • PnicfcKanrOtMaeaccFcMxeJbcue 

Poitiers had a cooler seat than the riders in the Tour. 


By Samuel Abt 

Irtmxaional Herald Tribute 

TRELISSAC France —The 
Curse of the Rainbow Jersey 
sounds like the title of a novel 
Lance Armstrong might read 
during a bicycle race, but it’s 
not He insists it's autobiogra- 
phy. 

Since he mm the rainbow- 
striped jersey of the world 
ch a m p ion in the. professionals’ 
road race in Oslo last summer, 
Armstrong has problems 
winning again in Europe. Ev- 
erybody knows who lasts now, 
he says accurately, and nobody 
will let brm male an unaccom- 
panied attack in a race. 

“This’s always going to at- 
tract attention,” the 22-year-old 
American rider for Motorola 
said Sunday morning, referring 
to his jersey. It travels in a 
crowd, and so Armstrong did 
again in the Tour de France’s 
eighth of 21 stages, a 218.5-kilo- 
meter (135.7-mile) slog from 
Poitiers to TVdissac in the P6ri- 
gord region of southwes t er n 
France. 


He finished 53d among the 
176 riders. So far in the 81st 


Tour, Armstrong has been rac- 
ing strongly enough to rank in 
eighth place overall 42 seconds 
behind the leader, but has not 
been able to come dose to indi- 
vidual victory. 

The rider who finished first 
Sunday wore the jersey of the 
TVM team from the Nether- 
lands. He is Bo Hamburger, a 
Dane, who easily pulled away 
from Angel Camargo, a Colom- 
bian with Kefane, in the last few 
dozen meters. A fine climber, 
Camargo proved again that 
there is no such thing as a Co- 
lombian sprinter. 

Third and fourth were their 
companions in a loos break- 
away on a scorching day over 
rol ling countryside; Luc Leb- 
lanc, a Frenchman with Festi- 
na, and Rdf Aldag, a German 
with Telekom. Hamburger was 
timed in 5 boors, 9 minutes, 27 
seconds at a speed of 423 kilo- 
meters an boor (26 mph). Ca- 
margo was a second slower and 
the two others four more sec- 
onds behind. The pack, includ- 
ing a D the overall leaders, fin- 
ished 2:16 down. 

The yeOowjersey of the over- 


all leader was retained by Johan 
Museeuw. a Belgian with GB- 
MG, despite a crash in a village 
with the sci-fi name of Neu- 
tron. Museeuw scrambled up 
and carried on. protecting a 
five-second overall lead on 
G ianlaca Bortolaml an Italian 
with Mapd-Qas. 

Leblanc; who wffl never win 
that scholarship from MIT to 
study rocket science, was the 
major victim of Sunday’s stage. 
As the leader of the Festina 
team, he should have been sav- 
ing himself for Monday’s long 
individual time trial die first 
big rendezvous of the Tour after 
a week of stages meaningless in 
the big picture. 

Instead Leblanc could not re- 
sist the temptation to break 
away in his native region of the 
Pfcrigord, which was festooned 
with banners exhorting him to 
“AUez, Lulu” AUez be did, go- 
ing at Kilometer 106, bang 
joined shortly by his three com- 
panions and helping build a 
lead that peaked at 7:30. 

That was more than enoug h 
to put him in the yellow jersey if 
the breakaway had held tlx 


margin but, of course, it 
couldn’t as the 172 other riders 
stormed after the four ahead. 

Leblanc was 3:20 behind the 
man in the yellow jersey at the 
start of the stage and succeeded 
only in reducing that by 2:16, 
which lifted him to 14th place 
overall and exhausting himself. 
And, because Aldag picked up 
more bonus seconds than Leb- 
lanc in sprints along the way, if 
the breakaway had gained more 
than 3:20 it would have been 
the German who donned the 


jer Sk 


lez Lulu, indeed. As Arm- 
strong could have told him, an 
eye-catching jersey brings noth- 
ing but grief. 

“It’s so much harder to race 
with tins,” the American had 
said earlier, plucking at the jer- 
sey. “Even if you’re bad in that 
jersey, they’re going to follow 
your every move. Because erf 
that jersey. 


“It just s tides out, it sticks out 
to the eye. People assume it’s 
dangerous.” 

to fact, Armstrong is danger- 
ous and has been since he 
turned professional right after 



The Associated Pros • . 

SILVERSTONE, Fttgiw 
Damon- Hill took advantage of 
Mkhad Schumacher's contro- 
versial stop-go penalty to cruise 
to a comfortable victory Sun- 
day in the British Grand Prix. 

HiH took the lead on the 27th 
lap when fcaAw Schumacher 
was gjven- the black f1»g 
ordered to take a five-second 
penalty for passing on the war- 
mup lap before toe start of the 
race; 

“I’m real unhappy about 
this,” a stem. Schumacher said. 
“It’s nothing I want to talk 
about” . • 

Hill who had been trailing 
by two seconds before the Ger- 
man was pulled over, btdt-a 
huge advantage as Schu- 
macher’s Benetton Ford spent 
35.5 seconds in the pits — toe 
penalty plus braking and accel- 
erating tune. - 

Schumacher, who then had to 
deal with gearbox problems, 
>yas miaHc to make j|y ty. Afr 




Schumacher, Hill Wins Prix 


cjt and HSl won the 61-bp race 
by 1&778 seconds in his Wil- 
liams Renault The time ..was 
tore hour, 30_mmutes r '3j640secr^ 
onds. V;. 

“I toirik tois is the best day of 
toy fife,'” satd'Hifl, warning for 
ton first .tone-the race that his 
father Graham HiH, a two-time 
world champion, never won. 
“It’S like a dream. 1 feel this has 


ther left in his rectod and Fm 
sure tfiat he'd be defigbted.” . 

The stoprgo penalty “was a 
bit of a godsend for us,” HM 
?Jl wookTve been a 


titamc race right to the end.” • 

Frenchman Jean Alesi fol- 
lowed Schumacher to takelhird 
in his Ferrari. . . . : .. . 

Mika Hakkmen, trying to 
pass-RribcinsBamchdlo on toe 
final tnnl of the race, collided 
with the Brazilian, cri pp ling 
both cars. " . ' ' ' • 

' Hakkmax, Iris McLaren Peu- 
geot pushed out of the gravel by 
the marshals, crossed the finish 


line on'the trade just ahead of 
Barrichello’s Jordan Hart, 
which limped across via the pit 
lane. 

David Coulthard, who had to 
work his way from the back of 
the grid after stalling before the 
start , was sixth in the second 
Williams . 

Gerhard Berger, whose Fer- 
rari was the surprise performer 
of both qualifying sessions, 
started thmd but retired on the 
31st lap with engine trouble. 

The results remained unoffi- 
cial pending a meeting of the 
race stewards. It was not dear 
which incident the stewards 
were considering. 

The controversy began when 
Schumacher, second on the 
Hfflbe- 
first turn of first war- 


“He was going a bit slow in 
toe coma,” Schumacher said, 
“and we were all pushing quite 
hard and I just didn’t want to 
brake so hard and maybe lock 
up my tires.” 

It was only the second race of 
the Formula One season not 
won by Schumacher, who re- 
tains a 33-point lead over Hill 
in the championship standings 
IRQ also beat Schumacher at 
the Spanish Grand Prix, where 
mechanical problems forced the 
G erman to drive much of- the 
race in fifth gear. 

After eight races, midpoint of 
the Formula One season, Schu- 
macher has 72 points, Hill 39 
and Alesi and Berger are tied 
for third with 17. • 


Benetton kept its co mma n d- 
ith 73 


the black Hag on toe 
but ignored it for five laps wh3e 
the. race director went to the 
Benetton pit area to explain the 
penalty. 


ing lead with 73 points in the 
constructors’ standings. Wil- 
liams moved into second with 
42 points, with Ferrari falling to 
third with 40. 

The race was the first with 


Formula One cars an the newly 
remodled SQ verst one circuit, 
which underwent extensive al- 
terations as the part erf the drive 
for improved safety after the 
deaths of Ayrton Senna and 
Roland Ratzenberger during 
the San Marino Grand Prix 
weekend earlier this year. 

Five curves and the pit lane 
were reshaped to slow the cars 
down. As a result, the fastest 
lap, 209 kilometers per hour 
(129.9 miles an hour) by HID, 
was some 19 kilometers per 
hour slower than Hill’s lap re- 
cord set last year. The lap times 
were also slower, even though 
the track is slightly shorter. 

Berger feh the full brunt of 
another safety change when he 
was fined $10,000 for breaking 
toe 120 kilometers per hoar pit- 
lane speed limit during the 
morning warmup. 

The next race is the German 
Grand Prix at Hockenheim on 
July 31. 



the 1992 Olympic Games in 
Barcelona, 

But few opponents realized 
at first how strong a rider toe 
Texan is. Last spring he won a 
dutch of races in the United 
States, far, far from European 
notice. In his debut in toe Tour 
de France last July, be slipped 
away in a small attack and fin- 
ished first, confirming his tal- 
ent. 

Then, on a rainy day in Nor- 
way. he broke away from the 
pack toward the end and 
cruised across the line, blowing 
kisses to the vast crowd. King 
Harald presented him the jersey 
— and the curse that often ac- 
companies it Gianni Bugno, an 
Italian with Polti, for example, 
wore it the previous two years 
and won no thin g of note be- 
yond the world championship. 

Armstrong knows that he will 
not win this Tour and probably 
will not finish it, avoiding the 
Alps to save his strength for the 
world championships on Sicily 
late in August. 

His goals, he said, are to win 
a stage and “show some im- 
provement in the time trials and 
the climbs.” 

The climbs will have to be in 
the Pyrenees, which start 
Thursday. “The last week, in 
the Alps?” Armstrong said. 
*Tm pretty sure I’m not going 
to do it.” He and Motorola 
team officials also decided last 
year that, at his age, he was not 
yet ready for too many de- 
manding mountains and he 
dropped out soon after they be- 
gan. 

As for lime trials, he would 
see Monday whether he is im- 
proving. The 64-k0ometer race 
against the dock is, Armstrong 
said, “a little bit long for me. 
I’ve never done a time trial that 
long. 

“I fed 1 have good form, so 
Fm interested to see where it 
puts me compared to last year,” 
he continued. 

He finished 27th then, 6:04 
behind the winner, Miguel In- 
durain. 


' , '■■■ . •• f-i . • i#; V PO 

. . ’ ’ • • -r- t v.f, fi. faj 


Jcfaosjr Eggin' Apncr France- Prow 

Damon HH1 taking a victory lap at the British Grand Prix. 


“Fm starting two minutes 

ahead of Tnritir ain this time,” 
Armstrong noted, “so 1 better 
fast. I’ve got to go really 
ast” or risk being overtaken, 
passed and embarrassed in the 
rainbow jersey. 



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Page 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 11, 1994 


** 


O N 


DAY 


SPORTS 


Orioles Come Up Short 
In Bid lor AL East Lead 


The Associated Pros 

Mark McGwire hit a two-run 
homer off Lee Smith in the 
ninth inning in Baltimore on 
Sunday, rallying the Oakland 
Athletics past the Orioles. 5-4. 

The Orioles were three outs 
away from taking over first 
place in the American League 
East when McGwire hit an 0*2 
pitch over the center field wall 
The homer, his seventh, fol- 
lowed a lead off single by Ruben 
Sara. 

A victory would have pushed 
the Orioles past the first-place 
New York Yankees. The Yan- 
kees, who lost to California, re- 
mained atop the division by a 
half-game going into the All- 
Star break. 

Smith has four blown saves 
in 33 chances. 

Ron Darling allowed four 
runs and six hits in right in- 
nings, walking five and striking 
out seven. It was Darling’s first 
victory over Baltimore, the only 
AL team he had never beaten. 

Dennis Eckersley pitched the 
ninth for his 15th save. 

Baltimore starter Jamie 
Moyer retired 17 straight bat- 
ters before leaving after the sev- 
enth with a 4-2 lead. He allowed 
two hits, walked one and struck 
out six. 

Pinch-hitter Brent Gates sin- 
gled in a run for Oakland off 
Marie Eichhom in the eighth, 
making it 4-3. 

Scott Brosius also homered 
for the surging A’s, who have 
won 14 of 17. 

With the score 2-2, Rafad 
Palmeiro opened the Baltimore 
sixth with a single off Darling. 
After two walks loaded the 
bases, Chris Hoiks lined a two- 
ran angle to left 

Geronimo Berroa singled in 
an Oakland ran in the top of the 
first, but Baltimore took a 2-1 
lead in the bottom of the inning 
when Harold Bailies got credit 
for a two-run double after Sier- 
ra misjudged his two-out liner 
to right. 

Brosius* eighth homer tied it 
in the second. 

Angels 9, Yankees 6 : J.T. 
Snow homered and drove in 
four runs and Spike Owen and 


Tim Salmon also homered as 
California beat New York at 
home. 

Snow, a former Yankee, hit a 
two-run homer during the An- 
gels’ four-run fourth off Tony 
M ulh ofland and singled in two 
runs in the ninth off Bob Wick- 
man. 

Owen, also an ex-Yankee, hit 
a two-run homer in the first and 
Salmon led of f die fifth with his 
19th homer, both off Mulhol- 

AL ROUNDUP 

land. Mulhofland has allowed 
23 homers in 19 starts, the sec- 
ond-highest total in the Ameri- 
can League this season. 

Tigers 6 , Rangers 5: Tony 
Phillips hit a three-run homer 
with two outs in the ninth in- 
ning off Tom Henke, rallying 
Detroit past visiting Texas. 

Henke, the fourth Texas 
pitcher, started the ninth and 
gave up a one-out single to 
Junio Felix and a two-out walk 
to Chad Krai ter, who was re- 
placed by pinch-runner Joan 
Samuel 

Henke got ahead of the count 
on Phillips, 0-2, who was fooled 
badly by an off-speed pitch for 
the second strike before hitting 
Henke’s next pitch into the 
right upper deck for his 14th 
homer. 

Joe Boever pitched a hitless 
2Vi innings in relief of starter 
David Wells for the win. 

Cedi Fielder hit a three-run 
homer and a tripled for the Ti- 
gers. 

Blue Jays 7, Royals 3: Juan 
Guzman matched a career high 
-mth nine strikeouts and Joe 
Carter included a homer among 
three hits and drove in three 
runs as Toronto beat visiting 
Kansas City. 

Guzman won his second 
straight start after breaking a 
streak of four consecutive 
losses. He allowed three runs on 
seven hits in seven mningn 
Danny Cox went the final two 
innings for the save in his first 
appearance of the season. 

Carter hit a two-run homo - in 
the eighth, his 19th, to account 


for lbs final Toronto runs as the 
teams ended the season series 
with six wins each. Carta was 
3-for-4. 

Red Sox 9, Mariners 2i Rich 
Row! and had a homer among 
three hits and drove in two runs 
as Boston — worst in the Amer- 
ican League in batting — came 
alive at home with 13 hits in a 
victory over Seattle. 

Boston entered the game with 
a .263 batting average. But Jim 
Converse lasted just 1 Vs innings 
for Seattle, allowing five runs 
on six hits. 

Rowland hit a two-run 
homer into the screen atop the 
left-field wall in the third, his 
sixth of the season. 

The Red Sox, who scored two 
more runs in the second on a 
throwing error by catcher Dan 
Wilson, added two more in the 
fifth on Scott Fletcher’s RBI 
groundout and the first major 
league error by shortstop Alex 
Rodriguez, the 18-year-old who 
made his debut on Friday. 

■ In Saturday’s games: 
Mariners 7, Red Sox 4: Ed- 
gar Martinez hit two solo 
homers, Tino Martinez had a 
three-run shot and Mike Blow- 
ers drove in two runs with sto- 
les as Seattle beat Boston at 
ome. 

Ken Griffey Jr. had a single 
in five appearances and his 
homer total remained at 33 for 
the year. 

Rangers 10, Tigers 4: At De- 
troit, the Rangers, who had 18 
hits, jumped on John Doherty 
for three rims on five hits in the 
first. By the time he left after 5% 
innings, the visitors had tagged 
him for eight runs, 14 hits and 
two walks. 

Juan Gonzalez and Ivan Ro- 
driguez homered for the Rang- 
ers and Kenny Rogers allowed 
three hits in seven innings. 
Travis Fiyman hit a two-run 
homer in the Detroit first, his 
13th, and Juan Samuel hit his 
fourth homer in the seventh. 

Bfne Jam 9, Royals 4: Pat 
Hentgen pitched seven effective 
innings and Toronto ended its 
seven-game home losing streak. 

Hentgen won his fifth deri- 
sion in a row, giving up two 




Join SWwi/H* Astodawd Prea 

Houston’s Craig Biggio stepping high over the Cribs’ Mark Parent on a force at second. 


runs on six hits. He struck out 
nine and improved to 3-0 
against Kansas Gty. 

Ed Sprague’s three-run 
homer off the foul pole in left 
field gave the Blue Jays a 4-1 
lead in the fourth against Bob 
MilackL 

Angels 10, Yankees S: At 
New York, Spike Owen drove 
in three runs, including one 
with a single daring California’s 
five-run fifth inning. 

Matt Nokes homered twice 
for the Yankees. Fat Kelly also 
connected for New York, which 
led 3-0 after four. 

Owen also scored the tying 
run on a double by ChHi Davis 
in the fifth and had a two-run 
single during a three-run sev- 
enth that made it 8-3. Phil 


Valentin Adds Bonus to Triple Play 


The Associated Press 

John Valentin had barely giv- 
en Fenway Park fans a chance 
to relish his historic moment 
when he gave them reason to 
cheer again. 

Valentin made the 10th unas- 
sisted triple play in baseball his- 
tory in the sixth inning Friday 
night and then led off the bot- 
tom of the inning with a homer 
to lead Boston’s 4-3 victory ova 
the Seattle Mariners. 

In joining Neal Ball, Bill 
Wambsganss, George Bums, 
Ernie Padgett, Glenn Wright, 
Jimmy Cooney, Johhny Neun, 
Rem Hansen and Mickey Mor- 
andini as the only players to 
record three outs on a single 
play, Valentin did not even real- 
ize he was on the verge of some- 
thing special 

With Seattle runners moving 
from first and second base in 
the lop of the sixth. Valentin 
went to one knee to snare Marc 
Newfield’s Una. 

He stepped on second to dou- 


ble Mike Blowers and trotted a 
few steps to tag Keith MitchelL 

Mitchell made no effort to 
avoid Valentin or ran back to 
first, so the Boston shortstop 
started thinking he had ended 
the inning with a double play. 

“The guy didn't run, so I 
thought there was one out I 
looked up to see the board and 
realized there was nobody out,** 
Valentin said. “So 1 tagged 
him.” 

It was the first tri- 

ple play since Morandini made 
one for Philadelphia against 
Pittsburgh in 1992. The previ- 
ous one in the American League 
was by Hansen of the Washing- 
ton Senators at Cleveland in 
1968. 

After some handshakes in the 
dugout, Valentin then homered 
off Dave Fleming, touching off 
a three-homer outburst by the 
Red Sox. 

Which was one more homer 
than Matt W illiams hit later in 


San Francisco. The National 
League’s All-Star third base- 
man notched a pair to tie Ken 
Griffey Jr. of Seattle for the 
major-league lead at 33 as the 
Giants beat the FMladdphia 
Phillies, 3-2 

Neither player homered Sat- 
urday, when Frank Thomas of 
the Chicago White Sox hit his 
32d. 

W illiams now has 10 homers 
in his last 17 games. He hit three 
in the first two games with Dar- 
ryl Strawberry in the batting 
order behind him. 

Griffey, Williams and Thom- 
as are on pace to challenge Rog- 
er Maris’ 1961 record of 61 
homers. 

“I refuse to think about stuff 
like that,** Williams said. “I’ve 
got a job to da A solo home run 
is no more important than an 
RBI single." 

Three hits Friday — he also 

ringed — gavt» W illiams R9_ thi y 

season, 43 for extra bases. 


NBA and Players 
GivenDeadline 
By U.S. Judge 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Judge Kevin 
Duffy of the U.S. District Court 
has given the National Basket- 
ball Association and its players 
until 10 AM. Tuesday to work 
out details on a salary cap, free 
agency and the draft 

If not, the case will go to trial 
for one day only and Duffy will 
deride on a new system — one 
that neither ride might like. 

The judge said the two rides 
were using the court as a bar- 
gaining chip. S imilar suits were 
filed in 1976, 1983 and 1988. 

The major issue appears to be 
the salary cap. 

Glenn Robinson, chosen first 
in the draft by the Milwaukee 
Bucks, has made no secret of 
wanting to be the first NBA 
player to get a $100 million con- 
tract 


Leftwich got the victory. Scott 
Kamieniedti took the loss. 

Orioles 8 , Athletics 7: Jeffrey 
Hammonds homered leading 
off the ninth innin g as Balti- 
more rallied from five runs 
down to beat visiting Oakland. 

Rafael Palmeiro had three 
hits, scored twice and drove in a 
run, and Chris Sabo also ho- 
mered for the Orioles. 

Ruben Sara went 4-for-5 
with his 19th homer and three 
RBIs for Oakland, and Mike 
Bordick also homeixd. 

Imfemc 4 , Twins 3: Dennis 
Martinez pitched his seventh 
straight victory and Eddie Mur- 
ray hit a two-run homer to lift 
via ting Cleveland ova Minne- 
sota. 

Martinez extended his streak 


of starts without a loss to 11 , 
H»rfng to mid-May. He allowed 
six hits in seven mnmg s and 
struck out seven. 

White Sox II, Brewers .7: 
Frank Thomas hit his 32nd 
homer and drove in five nms to 
lead the visiting White Sox past 
Milwaukee for their fifth 
straight win and 17th in 21 
games. 

Thomas went 3-for-5 .with 
two doubles. Norboto Martin 
and Tim Raines each three hits 
apiece for the White Sox. 

Scott Sanderson allowed 
eight hits and six nms m six 
innings, while Ricky Bones was 
hammered for 11 hits and eight 
runs in six innings. 


SIDELINES 


.. ;/ - > . 


Mason Wins Scottish Open by Stroke 

GLENEAGLES, Scotland (Reuters) — Call Mason chimed in 
twice in successive holes Saturday to win the Scottish Open byone 
stroke ova fellow Englishman Peter MitchelL 
Mason, 41, shot 68 and got his second victory in 2 1 years on the 
European tourjust four months after he won his first tournament. ■ 

• Marie McCumber came from seven shots baric with a 65 and 
led Bob Lohr by one shot going into Sunday's final round of the 
Anheuser-Busch Golf Classic in Williamsburg, Virginia. (AP) 

• Fred Couples and Curtis Strange on Sunday became the latest 

Americans to withdraw from the British Open. (Reuters) 

Eubank Retains Title on Decision 

LONDON (AP) — Chris Eubank defended his World Boxing 
Organization super middleweight title Saturday with a unanimous 
12-round derision ova Brazilian Mauricio Amaral 
■ The championship belt Muhammad Afi won in . 1964 by 
beating Sonny Liston goes on sale Monday at Sotheby’s in 
London. (Reuters) 

• Cuban super-heavyweight champion Roberto Balado, 25, was 
killed when his car collided with a train in Havana. 

For die Record 

Scott Stevens’ $17.1 million, four-year offer from St Louis, 
making him the NHL’s highest-paid defenseman,- was matched by 
New Jersey. .. (AP) 


The Associated Press 

Mark Whiten hit a three-run 
■ homer in support of Attsm Wat- 
son, and the St Louis Cardinals 

readied the All-Star break at 
..500 by beating the slumping 
Atlanta Braves, 6-1, Sunday. 

•■■■ The Cardinals entered the 
three-day AC-Star break ai 42- 
42, taking two of three games 
from the Braves foflowmg^a 
five-game losing streak. The 
Braves, 52-33, have last nine of 
thepast 15 games. 

Watson allowed one tun and 
five hits in seven innings. The 
left-hander walked one and 
struck out four. 

John Smoltz, victimized by a 
four-run fourth inning, allowed 
five hits, four tuns, walked two 
and struck out Four in seven 
TTinnw ; in Atlanta: . 

The Braves took a 1-0 lead on 
rookie third baseman Jos 6 Oli- 
va’s first major-league homer, a 
shot over the center field fence 
in the second inning. 

-In the St. Louis fourth, Ge- 
ronimo Pena led off with a dou- 
ble, took third on a grounder 
and scored on a wild pitch. Af- 
ter Ray Lankford and Todd 
Zeile walked. Whiten, who 
drove in six runs in the three- 
game series,, hit his ninth 
homer, over the right-carta 
field fence. 

The Cardinals added two 
runs in the eighth off Marie 
Wohlers on an RBI double by 
Gregg Jefferies, who stole third 
and came home on catcher 
Charlie O’Brien's t hr o w ing er- 
ror. 

■ in Saturday’s games: 

Braves 5, Canfinals 3: David 
Justice, homored in the fourth, 
then doubled and scored the 
winning run in the sixth for At- 
lanta at a gains t St. Louis. 

Fred McGriff doubled in and 
scored in the fourth, then 
launched a 439-foot homes to 
break a 3-3 tie in the sixth. 

Tom Glavine, who reached 
10 whis before the AfrBtar 
break far the fourth straight 
year, retired 14 of the last 15 
Cardinals he faced. -Greg 
McMkhad came oil- UK strike 
out the side in the nfoth. for his. 
18th save, one shy of his 1993 
totaL 

Brian Jordan, left fielder for 
the Cardinals, bztike four ribs in 

ccfliskmiwith basegftcer 
Todd Zedein the second h 
while chasing a foul fly, . 
landed about 200 feet down the 
line; Zdle was not injured. 

Cubs 7, Astros 3; Sammy 
Sosa drove in three runs and 
Anthony Young won for die 
first time in right starts as Chi- 
cago defeated viriting Houston. 

» Young gave up one nm and 
three hits in five innings. He left 
early because of a strained right 
dhow. .Chuck Grim relieved to 
start the sixth and Jeff Bagwell 
led off with his 27th home-run. 
Two oats lata, Luis Gonzalez 
hit a solo homer. 

Sosa Bit a sacrifice fly in the 
first and a two-run single in the 
second. 

Giants 3, PWffies 2: Steve 
Scarsone led the attack as the 
Giants handed All-Star pitcher 
Danny Jackson his- first road 
loss of the season. 

Scarsone had two hits, scored 
twice and drove in a run in 
support of William VanLan- 
dmgham. Rod Beck.got the fi- 
nal four oats for his 18th save, 
sending Philadelphia to its fifth 


straight loss, matc hin g their 
worst run this srimoa. 

Jackson allowed three runs, 
two of than earned, on 10 hits 
over six innings. He Struck oi*t 
eight and walked two, one in- 
tentionally. 

Maritas 4, Rockies 2: At Mi- 
ami, Pal Rapp lost his no-hit 
- bid on Mike Kingay’s two-run 
' homer— Colorado’s only lit— 
with two outs in the seventh 
inning. 

Rapp got the first two ours ip 
the seventh before walking 
pinch bitter John Vandcr Wal 
Ktagery followed by hitting 
Rapp's 3-1 pitch ova the wafl 
in right for ms third homer. • 

' Rapp, who struck out six and 
walked a dub record right, was 
removed from the game fer 

NL ROUNDUP^ / 

John Johnstone, who finished 
the eighth. Robb Nen pitched a 
perfect ninth to complete the 
combined one-hitter, the fust m 
Marlin history. 

Reds 5, Pirates 3: Hal Moms 
drove in a coir of runs and 
pitcher Jos 6 Rijo doubled and 
scored the game-winner as t& 
Reds extended Pittsburgh’s 
misery at Riverfront Stadium.,. 

The Pirates have lost nine 
straight at Riverfront since July 
2 Oflast year. They’ve also 
dropp ed four in a row overall 
ana eight of 10. The Reds bav$ 
won right of nine to open a 3ft- 
gamc lead over Houston in the 
NLCentraL . 

Rjgo gave up homos to Jay 
Bril aid Dave dark to account 
for afl of the Pirates’ nms. Jeff 
Brantley got out of a two-on jam 
in the ninth for his Ilth save. 

Dodgers 8 , Meta 3: Rani 
Mondesi homered and drove in 
four runs and Mike Piazza and 
Henry Rodriguez also hit home 
nms as Los Angeles beat visit- 
ing New Yoric 
Ramon Martinez allowed 
three runs and five hits in 7$ 
immgs. He walked two and 
strode out eight. 

RxpeB 5, Padres 1: Larry 
Wafloer hit a two-nm homer in 
tor sixth inning and Montreal 
remained unbeaten in eight 
games against San Diego thj^ 
season. 

Walker’s 16th -home run 
■Tfaftfe a:r-T fie arid rave the 
Visiting Expos their 18th win in 
20 games against the Padres 
over the past two seasons. 
Butch Henry held San Diego to 
one run and six hits in 7%. 

Montreal’s Lou Frazier 
reached base to lead off the sixth 
on a fielding oner by San Diego 
shortstop Kicky Gutierrez, fats 
21st tins season. One batter latter, 
WaDcff homered an a 2-1 pitch 
into the kft-fieid stands. 




EvwyThuisdcy 

Gontoct 

PhiJipOma 

(33 1)463793 36 

(331)46379370 
or your nearest 
IHT office 
arrepresentalive 


I0M 

nni3 


m 

Major Laague Stentings 

(Thniesh SatuMkirt Games) 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 



Eost DivHkm 




W L 

Pci. 

OB 

New York 

SO 34 

J95 

_ 

Boltirnare 

50 35 

JU 

Vi 

Barton 

41 44 

.482 

914 

Oetrtlt 

3? 47 

A53 

12 

Toronto 

37 48 

A3S 

I3Vj 


Central Division 



Cleveland 

SO 33 

M2 



Chicago 

51 34 

MO 

— 

Karans aty 

45 41 

sa 

£to 

Mtenesata 

43 43 

AM 

9 

Milwaukee 

39 47 

AM 

12W 


West Division 



T«w» 

42 44 

AM 

— 

Qoklond 

38 41 

AA2 

4 

swssie 

37 4 9 

AX 

5 

CalStunHa 

37 SI 

A20 

6 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 



EastDMstoa 




W L 

PCI. 

GB 

Alton to 

52 32 

A19 

— • 

Montreal 

53 33 

£16 

_ 

Philadelphia 

41 46 

,471 

12*3 

Florida 

40 47 

AM 

131* 

New York 

39 47 

ASS 

14 


Centra) DhrtsHa 



Ctadimotl 

32 34 

605 

— 

Houston 

49 31 

-5*3 

3V, 

St Louis 

41 42 

AM 

9K, 

Pittsburgh 

40 45 

-471 

11W 

Chicago 

36 49 

AM 

15ft 


westoivfstofi 



Lw Amies 

44 41 

S3 

_ 

Colorado 

42 47 

ATT 

5 

San Francisco 

38 SO 

A32 

Bft 

SanOtooo 

35 S3 

an 

lift 

Saturday’s Line Scores 



AMERICAN LEAGUE 
TatH M 2M N1-1B H 1 

DMraff IN OH l«-4 1 a 

R«n Whitest* IB) and !. Rodriguez; 
Dahertr. S. Davb 16), Gadarrt (91 end Fla- 
herty. W— Rogers, 10-4. L — Doherty. 4-7. 
HRs— Texas. I. Rodriguez (10). J. Gonzalez 
03). Detroit Fryman (13), Samuel (4). 
Kanos aty m 001 011-4 9 4 

Toronto n« 390 CB*— » y $ 

MDaekt SMfnda (5), Maanaite (7) and 
MKtartOM; Hentgen. Castillo M) and Kiwt. 
W— Hentgen. 11-5. L—AUtoekl, 0-1 HRs— Kan- 
sas City. Jew m. Toronto. Olerud (ft). Sura- 
gut (U. 

1BI M0 I9»-T IS 0 

IH 130 000-4 II 3 

Basks M. Hill (6). King (7). A rota (0) and D. 


Wilson; Valdez. Howard 15), Bankhead (7). 
Fcaios (0). Bailey (9) and BenvhllLW— Bo- 
sks 4-ia L — Valdez. o-1. Sv— Ayala (13). 
HRs— Seattle. E. Martinez 2 ( 10 ). T. Martinez 
(II). B oston Preenwell (10). 

CaWerala M 0 050 33D-10 13 • 

New York on 100 883-5 4 4 

Leftwich, B. Patterson I 8 J.M. Letter (9) and 
C Turner,- Kamlenledd. Harris (5), X. Her- 
nandez (7), p. canon (9) and Nokes. 
w— Leftwich. 4-7. l— K amienteekL 5-5. 
HRs— New York. Nokes 2 ( 6 ), Kelly ( 2 ). 

Oakland MS 030 — 7 10 2 

Baltimore 200 MO HI— 0 12 1 

Ontiveros. Vosberg 15), Acre 175. Taylor 171. 
LaJpbt ( 0 ). Welch (9) and Stefrtwcfi.- Fernan- 
dez. Williamson IS), Mllli ( 8 ) and Tackett, 
Holies (9). W— Mills. 3-1 L— WWdU 2 - 6 . 
HRs— Oakland. BortJek (2), 5 terra (19). Bat- 
tl mare. Sabo (7), H am m o nds IB). 

Ctmrekmd 110 030 MO-4 9 0 

Minnesota no m w-a t • 

Martinez, Mesa (0). Russell (9) and Pena; 
DedwteASlevens ( 6 ).Guthrte IB) and watbeck. 
W--Mamnez.B4 L— OedM<es,44.5v— Rusnfl 
(13). HR— Cleveland. Murray CT31. 

Chicago 182 302 BO-11 M 1 

IMMdM 100 021 201—7 13 3 

Sanderso n . DeLeon (71, Asaenmarher (7), 
Hernandez ( 8 ) and LaVofflerw Karkovfce(4); 
Banes. Omen (7). H en r y ( 8 ). Lloyd IB) aid 
Mafteny. W — Sanderson, M. L — Bones, 7-7. 
HR5— CNcogoi mamas (32), Kohundce ( 10 ). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
Houma 888 «B 888—3 6 2 

OUCOM 141 800 Oik-3 II 8 

& Williams. Reynolds (4). Edens 151. 
H am pton (7) and iervots; A. Young. Crim 14), 
Ptesac (9) and Parent. W— A. Young. 44. 
L — B. Win tons. 54, HRs — Houston. Bagwell 
(ZD- Gonzalez (7). 

PtdMeMlta DM M 0 100-0 n 2 

San Fraaden lot ooi Ofln-a 12 2 

Jackson, dumMII (7). Andersen (0) aid 
Lieberthal; Van Land Ingham Frey (7).Man- 
Meane ( 0 ). Beck (B) and Maiwarinok w— van 
Lamflngtiam.4-1. L— Jackson, 11-3. Sv— Beck 
(18). 

CoMrada W 000 DM 1 1 

Florida 000 021 He— 4 9 1 

Freeman G. Harris (7) and GtronH; Rom 
J ohnstone (7), Men (9) and Santiago. W— Rem 
HL L— Freeman. M 5v— Hen (9). HRs-Co- 
taroda Klngery (3). Florida, Canine D4). 
Pimuonrt IN 380 880—3 f 1 

CkidnnaN Ml in go*— s M o 

White. Smith 15), Wagner 17] and SlaugM; 
RHO. NU&lrw (7). Carrasco (M. Brantley (9) 
and Taubemee. W— Rita. 8-4. L— While, 2 -S. 
Sv— Brantley ( 11 ). HRs— Ptttstwrgh. Befl (9), 
Clark (W. 

St. Leah 801 280 MO-3 J 1 

Atlanta 088 Z13 0 « x a 9 0 

OH vorti Perez (0), Eyergoent (7) and Pao- 
nozzlj Glavine, McMlctnof (9) and O'Brien. 


W— Glavine. 10-7.L— Oi Ware* 1-l.Sv—McMI- 
dnri (U). HRs— Atlanta. Justice (13), 
McGriff (23). 

Montreal 001 003 000-5 M 0 

San Diego OH MO 190-1 7 t 

Henry. Roloa (B),We t t e lqnd (7) and Flricfr- 
er.Spahr (B) j Sander* Tabaka (Sl.Ellton (9), 
PnMaMnez (9) and Ausmus.W-Henrv.d-l. 
L— SandemM H Rs— Montreal Walker (161. 
New York 080 811 380—1 4 8 

lqs Angela asa on 3 *jc— t a 1 

Remnnonr. Maddux W. Linton (7). Gazze 

(8) and Hunatev; R. Martinez. Gross IB) and 
Piazza H er iKwd e A W — R. Morttoez. 5-5. 
L— Remllnger.aa Sv— Gross (»). HRs— New 
York. Broona (4L Los Annates. Piazza 121), 
Mondesi (151. Rodriguez 17). 

Friday’s Une Scores 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 
caoumki 008 BN BO-3 4 1 

NOW York 010 ON M2-4 11 1 

Bn. Andersen Lewis IB), B. P u ttets o n IS), 
NL Letter <*), GrtdM (9) ond Myers. C Turner 

(9) ; M. Perez, Howe (9), Wtckmon (9) and 
Stanley. W-Wkkman. 01 L-Grahe. 1-4. 
HR-New York, O Nrtll (15). 

ae wdond aoo om in— * 10 1 

MkawuM 402 100 oix— « 4 « 

Grtralev, DiPoto (3). Mesa <B1 end SJUo- 
mar; TcnanL Guthrie (B). WllRs (B). AauDera 
tfi ond Wedbecfc. W— TmxeiL ML L— Grlmstey. 
j-I.Sv— Aouttem(T»].HRSL-aeveland.aoeroa 
(11). Thome (IS. Minnesota Mock (n). 

aty oos in 000—4 1 0 

010 198 208—5 9 0 
Cone. Brewer (7). Pichardo (7), Montgom- 
ery (9) and Moyne; Stewart, w.wnnams (B), 
Hall (B) aid Borden. Knorr II). w— Pi- 
chardo. m. L— Halt. 14. So MantBamery 
M4).HRa Konaos Cl ly. Hamel ki2(iM.How- 
onJ (1). Toronto. Olerud (7). 

Oakland HO 010 982-2 f 1 

Battfanare 823 ISO *•*— U 15 1 

a wn Henman <3), Roves (5) and He- 
moadj Mussina T. Ballon (81. Poole (91 and 

Heites. w— Mussbxv ih L-awm. 7 * 

HR Ba HI more, HoUft (17). 

Seattle 801 OH 801-5 * 1 

Bntea 089 0M «H f 1 

plembig, Rtater (8). Gassage (B) and Has- 
sriman; Nabhotz, K.Ryan (»} and Rowland. 
W MOMW I X . VI L-mstn.ML Sv— K. Ryan 
(7). HRs— Seattle, Bl o wers (7). Baton, jn. 
votentta (4), Broncmsky (4), Rowland t5>. 
T«m Ml m MO — 0 * 0 

Detroit BIB 321 Mx-7 H 1 

Fotada Carpenter (51, DtvSmUi (4), Honed 
U). Bohanon (7) aid L Rodriguez; Betdwr, 
Gardner (7) and Kreuter. W— Belcher, 7-9. 
L— Fakrdo, 45. Sv— Ganttw (SI. HRs-Ot- 

trait. PWder ran. f«ik fm 

adeno on m rto-e n 1 

Milwaukee OK M3 000-5 9 I 


Bore. DnJotnsaa (5), McCasklU (61 and 
Karkavtce. LoVomere (B); Miranda, No- 
varro (6). Uovd (B) andMatheny.W— Serb 9- 
Z L— Mlneetn. l-l. Sv-MeCaskni (3). 
HRs— CMcaacu Franco (to.Zundc (l).MH- 
waukee, Mteske (8). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 

113 9M 090 00-5 M 1 
n 110 900 81—4 11 2 
(11 Inatoas) 

Swindell, Veres (61. TaJanes (71, Hviaek 
(11) and Eusebio; Morgan. Bumneer (7), Bau- 
tista (11) and Parent, Maksudan (8). 
w — Bautista, 3-1 L — HixJek.B-1, HRs— H qus- 
ha. Bass (4). Gonzalez (4). Chicago. Dunstan 
(9). Gran (31. 

SL Loots Me 280 0M — 2 4 • 

Alfcmto ON MS sea 1 4 ■ 

Tewsfcbury and Ptamozzl; G. Maddux and 
J. Lopez. W<— Tewksbury, M-7. L—G. Maddux, 

n* 


0 M aoo 200-2 5 1 

Florida M0 2m 2 te»-a 7 1 

Pointer, Holmes m. Blair (7) and Glrardl; 

Woatlnri.Mattiews (7),Non (n and Santksa. 

W - We athers. 8-7. i_ — Painter. 2 * Sv — Non 
(B>. HRs— Colorado; Girann (31. Florida. 
StwffieW (18). ConJne ( 13 ). 
nrnburab 300 wo mo — 4 7 1 

Ondawot! on m oe »— 12 14 ■ 

Lteber. Ballard (4j. Minor («, Dewey (73 
and SkMdrti Smiley. Fortuo n o (9) ond Tau- 
Hmw, W— Smllev. FB. L — (Jeder, + 4 . 
HRs-PtttstMrgh, Hunter (IS). CnrirmcrtL 
Howard (5), Taubtnsee (7). 

PMiaMoMa DH oil ho— a 7 1 

Son Pra nchco ON M2 Hx — 3 g 1 

Vtdanzwsta, Borland (6). Stocumb ( 7 ) and 
Pratt; PartaneL Fray (Bl.Beck m and Man- 
wnring. W — P orto aal, 74. L— Valenzuela. P-z 
Sv— Beck (17). HRs— Philadelphia M oran- 
dkil (2). San Frondsah Bonds (23). Mo. wil- 
liams 2 (33). 


834 3H IBI-H II « 
San one 0M om mb-o 5 2 
Ruder, Shaw IB) and a Fletcher, Spehr 
(8); Senes. BrocoH (3),Mouscr (4), P. A. Mar- 
tinez (fl aid Ausmus. P. Clark (5). 
W — re li ef e r. M. L-B*nes, s-lft HR— m«i- 
treaL Cardera (12). 

New York M 280 0M 8—2 18 • 

Los AM lies 2M BM IN 1—3 I 1 

(M Inplngs] 

P. Smith, j-MomanlDo (B). Moson (9) and 
Hun dley; Hmhbcr. Valdes (81, TO. WomU 
m and Ptazza. W— Td. WorretL*< L— Ma- 
son, 2-4. HR— Las Angeles. Ptazza can. 

The Mtchaei Jordan Watch 

FRIDAY'S GAME: Jordan wenti^er 3 ond 
lot two RB Isas Huntsville defeated Blrmlng- 
han 183. He 11 ted to left Held In tbe second, Mt 

0 twa-eun sirerie hi the fourth, and moed la 


itaortstoe in tt» BbdtL He had two putcutt hi 
riamiMd. 

SATURDAYS GAME; Jordan wenKMar-S 
and 04or4 hi a daubteheoderas Blrmlneham 
defeated Carol fna M hi ttw opener and last 60 
in the ntoMebp. 

He struck oat taoklng In the Erst Inning of 
ttwaitow. gro un ded to fmraboMmttwBrtrd. 
and graunded to SMond hi the sixth. Ha was 
Blmiln«hoi7i‘s designated h liter In the second 
ganwandtetfedaMMtlwtMictwrlnihelhMd 
and struck ool In me fifth. 

SEASON TO DATE: Jordan b batting .193 
(574bn3951 wttb 24 rune, 12 doubles, one triple. 
21 RBIs. 34 watts. 77 strikeouts ond 2D Slaton 
bases hi 33 attempts. He has mi puteota, J 
assists and 9 errors. 

Japanese Leagued ‘ 


del Jaime Ondns and Fernando Raese. Bra- 
in. 5* *5 (7-4). 3-4. 6-4. 

SWSOISH OPEN 
to 


RUGBY 


Hont Shaft, Austria, del. Jeaa^ttiHIgpe 
Ftourtao, France. 1-4. W. 75; Bemd Knr- 
badier, Germany, del Richard Frd m berg. 
Australia, MU 3-4. 7-4 (7-5). 

Finals 

Ka-badber dst Sfcoff *4, 43. 

SWISS OPEN 
to CMtaod - 
SemMnMt- 

Gw Forget. From def. Yevgeny KaMlat-' 
kov (4).' Russia 7% 6-3; Serai Bruguera (11. 
Spain, del Andrea Gaodenzi. tttrfy, 4 -l 


FIRST TEST 
• |p DpftMlfe Hi 

New 2eakmd 22, South Africa M 


GOLF 


ScottfahOpen 


United stales. U; 5. Fkhrio varaetto. Italy. 
GB-MG. 14. 

4 DtoenoBd toe Abdouto w aray, uzbekbton, 
Patti, 23; 7>Mtouel butundn. Spain. Banasta. 
39; (.Usk* Armstrong, United StatoAfttotor- 
oto, 42; 9 . Armand Oa Las Cuevas, From 
Costoram a 48,-lt Tony Rom to wer, SWtfzsr- 
kmd. Mapet SB. 


AUTO RACING 


Ceetra>LHoee 


Yamlorl 

Ycrinitt 

OtoUehl 

Yokohama 

Hiroshima 


W 

L 

T 

PEL 

GS 

45 

38 

B 

A16 

— 

34 

34 

a 

5M 

7VS 

34 

36 

0 

JOO 

8ft 

M 

» 

0 

A86 

9ft 

30 

3B 

8 

A41 

12ft 

32 

41 

a 

AX 

U 


Bruguera del parget 34. 74 6-2, 6-1. 
HALL OP FAME CHAMPIONSHIPS 
la Newport RJ. 


SaterdaYS Results 
Hmalttna 3. Yomlurl 2' 
Yotudmna It Yafcud 5 
HansHii 7, Churricto 4. iff Inahm 
Suode/s Remus 
HbasUma tt YWntori 2 
Chunldtl 4, HansMn 2 
Yo ko h am a w. YcdwH, nsd. rain 
Padfie League 

Sefiw 
DOM 
Orta 
Kintetsu 

Lotto 

Nippon Horn 

Saturday'S Resells 
Stfbu 11, Kintetsu 7 
Nippon Ham 2. Oalel I 
Orta IT, Lottos 


/War* Petdhny. Britain, del Davkf Wfft, OA. 
ML M. Ms OaM Wheaton, Ui, deUMVid 
PrfnasU, Gvmaiy, 74) (7-4), 4-1; Byron BHdi 
(6), Zimbabwe, deLAitok Kaplan, ua. 44.4-1 
'retired; Todd Woodbrldo* Australia, def. Ja- 
son Stan enter'd ( 2) ,AiatiuHot*^5-7,74 (7-4). 


BtHtaii Grand Prix 

pbpTI Ktogrs Coarse in Bteapi 

Garl Mason. England gan-w on 
Petor MltefwM. England ‘ 674645-70—344 
Jesaer Pamevik, Sweden 704544. 4a 247 
ONto 1 M ontgomerie. Sadtond 4 7 46 4944 M j 
Jtonattcm Loam Enatand 64 44 m 7 0 270 
(wran Ctarke. H. Ireland 4747-5749—270 
Brett Ogk> Auetraua 726* 64 a 371 
Andrew Oktoem Enafand 7*4247-71—271 
Pout Curry, England 72444748-271 
Mtouel Angel Merita Spain 704545-71—271 
Jim McGnerh .US. 71454847—271 1 


Results Supaar wtth driver, cantor, mton 
M ear, leas comotated an the iiMthmetM 
0*w*») S tt vers kn dreatt — a teM m 
taaeeaBBMA kHametars (7924 gfitosj tor M 
M timet " 


Woodbrtdge def. Black 44 6-4. 74 (7-1); 
Wheaton deL Petehey 44. 44. 

DouMIVp JfSlifiMta 

Kent Kionear, Greenwood, ImLandW&fo- 
ton, Get Jamie Moraan. Ausrralta aMStol- 
tonbero 74 (Ml. 74 (74). 


CYCLING 


Tour do France 


W 

L 

T 

PcL 

OB 

42 

27 

0 


— 

« 

38 

1 

sn 

2 ft 

39 

31 

0 

557 

3ft 

33 

37 

1 

An: 

9ft 

30 

.41 

0 

xa 

13 

27 

« 

2 

J78 

Uft 


CFL Standing* 


Btastorn HVfstan 


Kintetau 4 Seftu S, Iff 'HilMB 
DoM 2 , Nippon Ham T 
Orta 1, Lotto 0 


-TENNIS 


DAVIS CUP 

Anerkaa Xom Oroua in Room 
to Lima, Fora 
, Peru X Brazil 1 
Prtoay, SM*es 

Fernando M el lg eni, Brazil, det Jose LuB 
NBrtoga.PwVrM.fr4F4(74J!-tolmeYa»a, 
Peru. def. Jaime Oncto*. BIWIL14. M.7-44-L 

SBtardor# Oeebtos 

JoimeYKmo and Jose LuH Norteoa Peru, 


BaB i nwra 

Ottawa 

HomHhw 

Shreveport 

Taranto . 

Winnipeg 


LT 
ff 0 


. Western DMston 
BriLCotumtiia -10 0 


Edmonton 
La Vegas 


Calgary 

Sacramento 


1 0 
-1 0 
1 0 

8 I 
»' I 


PF PAPtt 

as: 2 s 2 . 

« Hi' 

11 a 8 

10 40 0 
20 0 
a mo 

24-20 2 
26 11 2 
».a 2 
22 21 2 
21 22 0 . 
26 32 B 


. (Twe poms tern wtaemrloratlej 


So akat aw won 22.Colgorv 21 
Los Vegas 3LSaaramsntaa 
Brittsh Cotumbia 24 wtnnlpeg a 


Rmts at Saturday's a*«toawtor (W- 
) rav entoaegetoem R em to Petora*. 
wttb cyiJbZ, gentry, team and wi enlae 
ttme: 1. Jan Svaroda, SlovuUa 1 it— ij— t 5 
hour* St mlnutei.a seconds; 2 , Dtomoddlne 
AtotoutoBorav.uztMUstan. PattLsamettmtl 
3, Otaf Lwtwta fiermaiy, T«gMn, *fc; 4 . 
MadaMkiasi, naty. G e wttt .sAj&Cbristoohe 
- Ca «“»' France, GAN, if. ■ 

4 Silvio Mtetfnefta ltalr.Mercatone.sJL; 7. 

- Mmto -Pe Osm -Betgkun. LDfto, sJi; & 
JMPer SOby, DewnarlL TVM, sjj 9, jwui 
Mtaeaiw. BetoMn G*MG, mtt HV Cmman- 
wd Momilen, France, Castonimu, sJL 
ItoMtts mown el th4HM2ameler,t1»- 

nmeltssadli wage tom Pettters 10 Trettmcr 
L to Hombwger, Denmark. Tvm,shoun. 9 
m<nutfes,37Mcw«ta;2 r Angel CamnxLCotom- 
P ta Ketm e. I second behind; x Rpif Aldta, 
Germuny, Telekom. 5;. 4 Luc Le blanc. 
Prance. Patina, 5; 5, Emmanuel Magiden, 
Castortnna. 2:14; 4 Jan Svwodo, Stovakta 
Laropre^ame ltme_- 7, DJon***** Abdwrtfr 
nannr. Uztwrtmm.PotH.sfc 4 SMoMarUry 
ttohUtonootone, kfj 9 . Kioto MtaaB, 
Italy, Gewtor sfc-14 Gigntm BartoknL 
Holy, MapeL si. 

Oeerasstasangs: l^MmrMiaeanMMk 
atom.- GB-MQ, » hsura, 52 mtnutos. 45 sec- 
«ds; X Gkmtocp Bartaloml, ttaty. Mcpei.5 
neendsbtMnd; 1 Setei Yates. BrifelrvMotor- 
*tor IB S eco n d! behind; 4 , Frankie Anrtrau, 


4 Daman HUL Britain; WBOams R. 

noun. 44 1 hoar, 30 mtnutofc 3M> second 
2QU43 kab (125400 ftwh]; LMkhMJ Set, 
modwr, Germany, Benetton Ford, «ft ULTi 
HKXMKti behind; X Jean Atesi France. Fwyoi 
M 1*8.121 xtw 4, Mika Hakidnwi. Ftokm 
McLaren Peugeot. 40, 1:40037- sJij'v 'Ruber 
BSTtciMtlu Brawl, Janton Hart, ML'i:4iX 
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Boidt, 59; 7 , Ukvo Katonma. Jooan. Tym 
Yamaha, 50; X He fcu iN ura kt Frantzen. Ge 
manv^auber Mercwles, 59; 9, Jn*V«rstaw 
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ritflnotdL BrtDfl. Foetwerk Font, 31 
Grand Prtt driver standton (otter 
teas) : L AOdmei Schumacher, Gemwiy, 3 
potato; X Damon Hill, Britain, 3f;XGertiar 
Beraer, Avstrta 17; (Ito), Jew AtosL Frwio 
17; 5. Rabens Bomchetla. BrariVT; 4 M* 
HMcklnen, Roland, 7; 7, Nicola LwtoL I tot 
6; tneL^torlto BramBe, BrltoUi, 4 ; 9, Hein 
rawakf Franfssn, Germuoy, S; IX Mark Btu 
itoM, BDtotaB; (tto)^ndreo rts Cesarts. Itoh 
4l ttto), Plerkrtsl MartkiL Itekv, 4 ; (tto). Kai 
Wndlbiser, Austria 4; (tie), Ukya K< 
- Wirat Jmv i ■ 

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™- «J (tie), McLaren. 13; 4 Saaber. TO; ' 
TVmMLfc*, MtaaraL j; 9 . FaMwario 3j 1 
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TRANSACTIONS 


baseball 


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'^■■EtoMOMCL.MBtofswei, to Pawtucket IL 
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Edmenton 24 HcrantoD 11 







INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY II, 1994 




I 




WORLD CUP WRAP-UP 




Cmpibd byOnrSMffFnm Dapauka 

80 « 1 s scored in the first 44 

1“ “ aveca S e of 2,68 per 
gwoe^ but exactly bo# were those goals 

■v ^ 1 ight-f ooted shots, 26 off 

^t-footed shots, 18 were scored on beaten and 
13 on pexuuty kidcs. Another three were scored 
on direct free lacks, and the last three were own 
goals. 

Oleg Saienko was the top goal-scorer 

00 ****** IndS? 5 

, ^ m^t wdWoimded striker was Germany’s 


- — o — m j «iMV0wivu i ff v wm mMwni 

toot, two with his left and one with his 
The top aerial threat was Sweden’s Martin 
Dahlm, who had used his head on three of ins 
four goals. 

! • Because of the time difference, two of Italy’s 
gam® 5 m prime tone in Rome at 10 PAL, and the 
bther three, including Saturday’s quarterfinal 
agai n s t Spam, in early evening when shops are 
open. 

_ Yet in a country of 57 mfflion, each of Italy’s 
.first fpor m a t ches drew a television audience of 
jbetw^m2Z5 nnlHon and 25 miTKnn viewers. 
That represents op to 85 percent of the TV sets in 
the country. 

; However, fiveprime-time Italian appearances 
in the Italia 90 Cup drew biggeraudiences. The 
most-watched gam e in history «my that 
year in the penalty-kick loss to Argentina, winch 
detracted nearly 30 nriHion viewers and 87 per- 
cent of people watching television. 


highest television ratings in the nation’s sports 
history, R7E, the Insh television network; 
reported. 

According to one telephone poll, 93 percent at 
all viewers watched Ireland’s opening game 
against Italy. The percentage was even h igher 
when Ireland played the Netherlands in the sec- 
ond round, with, the Irish Times reporting that 
the game was seen ty “virtually the whole 
population.’' .... .. 

• • Hei^ Winter, of the Independent of Lon- 
don reminds readers that Ainencan’s first soccer 
league was founded in 1921, but foundered in the 
Depression, ™dfng some colorful dub -names; 
the Providence Qamdiggers,' BetblehemSteel, 
J&P Coats of Pawtucket, Brooklyn Wanderers, 
Boston Wonder Workers ami Indiana Flooring 
of New York. 

• Javier Qemente, Spain’s blunt, chain-smok- 
ing coach, has been feuding with Spanish media 
since the team arrived in Chicago on June 10. - 

On Friday he announced, “I don’t care what 
the media says. But if you know so modi, yon 
can make out the lineup. Why in the hell am I 
here?” .. - 


Thieves Target Foreign News Crews 


$ NEW YORK’--' the (keens of foreign news 
crews in the United States for World Cop soccer 
have become a bonanza for,^>oaeJn-thft highly , 
lucrative business of stealing television cameras, 
from unwary technicians. - 

Police say that the theft of cameras, winch can 
be worth up to $50,000 each, is an the rise, 
sparred in part by die large number of news 
organizations that have come for thegames from 
around the world. 

_ Police say the thefts employ a “big-ticket” 
version of a popular tcdunqne m which, the - 
thieves create a diversion, sometimes spraying 
ketchup on their victim, and then grabbing the 
desired item. 

“Here they’re getting a machine that’s worth 

ID OUR READERS IN LUXEMBOURG 

ft's never been easier to subscribe 
and save. Just cafl tofMree: ' 
08002703 


He later confronted a Spanish reporter who 
. had contoured Cl emente to. a dictator. 

“You should never say that about somebody 
from Spam! Or somebody from Italy!” he said. 
“Italy nadMiissotini, we bad Franco, those are 
bad memories- Pkase, 1 cannot be a dictator.'" 

•The Financial Times of London quoted a 
report from the Albania newspaper, Koha Jone 
(Our Time), that a man short of gambling cash 

- lost his wife after staking her cm the outcome ofa 
.World Cup game. • 

- The gambler was so sore Argentina would beat 

- Bulgaria in their first-round match that he bet his 
wife. Bulgaria won, ,2^. The wife disappeared 
with tire winner, and the loser was left to coib- 
plain to the police. . 

... VFIFA said if s campaignto pm hk^c empha- 
sis on offense had produced an unexpected bene- 
fit: Two extra games. 

Joseph Blatter, FIFA’s general secretary, said 
thebafl was in play an average of 61 minutes, 37 
seconds during the first 44 games, or about six 
minutes mere -per game than in the last World 
Crain 1990. 

Doing some quick math and even quicker 

- spin-doctoring. Blatter declared: “That's ike of- 
fering the fans two more, games.” 

' Actually, three, if Blatter redoes iris math for 
the 90^utinirte contests. 

.. • HaddoDonringo’s addition came. out no 
better. 

At Italy’s match against Spain Luciano Pavar- 
otti was rooting for Italy, while Domingo and 
Josfc Carreras were rooting for Spain. 

The three tenorvwho wxH reunite next Satur- 
day for a concert at Dodger Stadium on the eve 


Italy game when they gathered in New York 
three months ago. 

“Since we are two against one, perhaps Spain 
’ will beat Italy 2-1,” Domingo said. 

•Betehnn filed a “very polite letter” criticiz- 
ing a ioer ee’s blown call that might have helped 
eliminate the team from the second round. 

- The Belgians did not submit a formal protest 
or complaint over the actions of referee Kurt 
Roethlisberger in a 3-2 loss to. Germany last 
Sa turda y, sard Joseph Blatter, se cretary general 
of FIFA.. 

Roethfisberger acknowledged a mistake in 
failing to ali a foul in die 70th minute of the 
£ame when Belgium's Jdsip Weber was tripped 
m the penalty box. A foul at that spot would have 
resulted in a penalty kkk for Belgium. 

^We. received a very polite letterfxom Bel- 
gium, saying they, were sad to have the tourna- 
ment and for than In such a sad situation,” ' 
Bl atter said. ‘ 

FIFA publicly criticized RoetbsHberger and 
another referee Pierinigi Paretto, for missing key 
calls in. the second round and dropped them from 
the fist of flfficwh for die quarterfinals on war d . 

(LAT, Reuters. AP) 





Sure, There’s 
The Economy, 
But G-7 Leaders 
Bow to Soccer 

Uniters 

NAPLES — Italians celebrated wildly 
Saturday after their team’s 2-1 victory over 
Spain carried them into the World Cup 
semifinals, and even the leaders from the 
Group of Seven industrialized countries 
assembled here for a summit acknowl- 
edged their interest in the tournament 

Prime Minister Silvio Beriuscom took time 
out from the summit to declare “1 believe in 
the new Italian miradc,” just as Dino Baggio 
put Italy ahead in the 2oih minute. 

President Franqois Mitterrand, of 
France, admitted that affairs of state could 
not compete with soccer. He offered to cut 
short a news conference that was under 
way when the match started. 

“It would free you, and me too,” he said. 

Warren M. Christopher, the US. secre- 
tary of state, apologized for keeping re- 
porters from watching the game. He said 
lie felt guilty holding a news conference 
while the game was being shown live on 
television. 

Near-hysterical celebrations in Naples 


$50,000. Thisis a good hit on the street.. This is a 
good thing to go for,” said Vincent Bowes, a New 
York detective: - 

-Tourists c oming to New York have been 
.warned about such ploys for years and news 
crews based; in New York and other big cities 
know not to-put down their cameras no matter 
what. _ 

. .“If you put that camera down, it’s going to 
disappear,” Bowes said. 

. Authorities have issued special alerts to news 
crews from overseas. 

The last three reported thefts in New York 
were from television stations in. Sootiand, Italy 
mid Uruguay 

The thefts are of ten brazen. 

One camera was stolen from a crew as they did 
' interviews in New Yolk's financial district 
Another was taken off the front seat of a car at 
Giants Stadium in New Jersey in an area sur- 
rounded by police and security guards as the 
technician was using another camera to do a five 
interview with soccer legend Pelfc. 



motor scooters surged 
dons near the 18th century R 
Police turned them back. 

At the palace; hundreds of staff, journal- 
ists and officials took a break from the 
summit to watch the game. 

Japanese security guards protecting Yo- 
hei Kona the deputy prime minister, visi- 
bly viably flinched during a news confer- 
ence when the roar went up at the palace to 
celebrate Dino Baggio’s goal. 

Throw-Ins Will 
Get the Boot 
In 3 Leagues 
Next Season 

Renters 

DALLAS — Three European leagues 
will experiment with kick-ins instead of 
throw-ins next season, sai d Se pp Blatter, 
the general secretary of FIFA soccer’s 
governing body. 

Re nter said the Belgian and Hungarian 
sentyid divisions and an Fngj«h semi-profes- 
sional league would test the kick-ins and said 
he expected the change to be written into the 
laws of the game within two years. 

“1 am sure that in two years the kick-in 
will replace the throw-in in the laws of the 
game and then we will have an even faster 
game than we have now,” Blatter said. 

The kick-in, used in soccer in the 1860s 
and 1870s, was replaced by the throw-in in 
1882. 

Blatter said the kick-in also would re- 
turn another skffl dement to the game. 
“There will be more technique than we 
have now, because by kicking the ball in it 
is easier to oontrd it” 

FIFA tested the kick-in during last 
year’s World Youth Cup in Australia. 


Vinuni Amtvy/Aanee Franer-Picnc liopL Cfamfio Urffofl/Tbc Araodncd I 

Brazil’s fans in Dallas, top, and Italian supporters in Rome celebrating victories in the quarterfinals. 


would be introduced at the next World 
Cup finals with the first team scoring in 
extra time taking victory. 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 


dokiksqqmi com 















. Wm 






Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULYf 11 , 1994 


M O 


DAY 


SPORTS 




This Italian Road Show Is Beginning to Look at Lot Like 1982s 


Intemarwnal Herald Tribune 


P ALO ALTO — No one ever said sports 
were fair. Don’t leU me that you cannot 
remember moments on the school play- 
ground when — no matter how hard you 
tried, how much you hoped — you were 
made green with envy by the boy who 
seemed to be blessed with everything. 

You know the one I mean. He could do 
with his eyes closed what you could prac- 
tice over and 

and 


over 
never suc- 
ceed au He 
had skill. 


Rob 

Hughes 




grace, timing. Especially timing. In games, 
it decides aU. 

We saw the adult version of that bless- 
ing, and that playground envy, in Foxboro 
Stadium outside Boston on Saturday. 

Eight minutes from the final whistle, 
Spain's Jtilio Salinas had the opportunity 
to finish off Italy. The man and the ball 
were there, with the goal just in front of 
him, but Salinas, taut of nerve, could not 
score. 

Two minutes from the end of the 
match, from an almost identical position, 
Roberto Baggio did score, imperiously. 


for Italy. For the second match running, 
Baggio had snatched victory from the 
jaws of defeat; his timing was that of the 
playground gods. 

How jealousy must have settled on Sa- 
linas. He is a paid predator — in the eyes 
of his national team’s coach the most 
dependable finisher in all of Spain. Sali- 
nas also is a deceptive fellow. He plays for 
the richest Spanish dub. bat plays mostly 
as a reserve. He is as willing as die day is 
long; a tall, lean, honest striver who never 
gives up. 

Those qualities are trusted implicitly 
by Javier Clemente, the Spanish team's 
coach. They are hardly recognized at all 
by Johan Cruyff, the Barcelona coach 
who has made two foreign, exotic World 
Cup strikers, Hristo Stoichkov and Ro- 
m&rio, his first choices. 


the courage and the tuning to get there, late — Pagliuca blocked the shot, instinc- 


Up to a point On Saturday, unusually, 


he had come on late, as a second- 
substitute. By then Spain seemed to be 
capitalizing on the unfairness of the 
World Cup scheduling that had granted 
the team three days more rest than it had 
given Italy. 


tively, with his tight leg. 


When the humidity exceeds 100 per- 
ide 


cent, when every stride seems to be in the 


quicksands of fatigue, those extra days 
\nd tl 


So Salinas is obliged to put everything 
into his national team calling. He got 
Spain to this World Cup, scoring seven 
goals in seven qualifying appearances. 

His methods are a triumph for perse- 
verance. Salinas might look as if staying 
upright is a major act of control, a strug- 
gle against poor coordination, but he has 


ought to count And they seemed to have, 
for by the time Salinas took the field 
Spain undoubtedly had the physical and 
emotional edge. 

With Italy fading fast it fell to Salinas to 
put everyone out of their misery. Italy’s 
coach, Arrigo Sacchi, was twitching on the 
si deline ; Spain’s Clemente had lit a ciga- 
rette; all eyes were on Salinas. 

Italy’s defense fdl apart before Salinas. 
Goalkeeper Gianluca Pagliuca came slow- 
ly. reluctantly off his line. Now, Julio, hit it 
now! 

There was a split second, an iota of time 
between thought and execution. Do it, 
Julio, be a hero! Pressure gripped the mo- 
ment. Finally, be shot. Too late, far too 


I think we sensed then that Italy would 
be reprieved. We -probably knew' who 
would turn the screw. Roberto Baggio, 

Just where he had been tins last half 
hour no one, least of all his' Italian col- 
leagues, seemed to know. 

Nicola Berti, a midfielder playing de- 
spite injury, lobbed the ball hopefully for- 
ward. Giuseppe' Signori, a front-runner 
fighting insecurity, flicked it on, quiddy, 
intuitively, trusting that No. 10 would be 
lurking in the penalty area. 

He was. Now it was Baggio versus An- 
doni Zubizarreta, forwanf versus goal- 
keeper, in virtually the exact spot from 
where Salmas had failed. 

Baggio is not Salinas. His clock seems to 
work in fits and starts, to have an alarm 
bdl that wakes him to inspiration. He 
didn’t hesitate. With a body swerve a mat- 
ador would kill for, Baggio dodged the 
goalkeeper with, a sweep to the right and he 
could dearly see die whites of the goal- 
posts. 

Calmly, he balanced himself. He could 
see a defender on the goal line, knew the 
shot would have to be swift, powerful, 


precise. No problem: From an acute angle, 
he drove the ball between Abeiardo Fer- 
nindez and the near post- •' ' 

Did B* win cv ™~ kne w the sweet irony of 
it? Abeiardo had tried, the first opportuni- 
ty party ja the game, to put a stop to 
Baggio's match- winning tendency. ■ 

The Spanish defender had longed at 
him, using the boot on his foot to pass oyer 

the ball and crash down on Baggio's shin. 

It is an ev3 trick, despised in the game, and 

one that should have brought out- the. red 
card and not merely the yellow that was 
shown to Abeiardo. 

Briefly, Baggio was battered. He was 
carried off on a stretcher, and those who 
accuse this Italian- savior of timidity may 
well have mwimeH ' Ms was over. 


natch against Nig eria — he saved 

with a goal is the final minute and won 
with a penalty in extra time. 

When, after that, the same experlswho 
had referred to him as “the author of a 
sporting betrayal wthout precedenr 
sought to praise him, Baggio bad words as 
sharp as Ms finish: “1 am nobody’s savior, 
rm the same as I was yesterday morning. 
The team always had commitment and the 


n ° good,' J one Rome- 
based journalist had written a week earli- 
er. “He has bags of . skip and talent, but 
when the pre ssu re is on, he disappears. If 
Sacchi is a man of courage and character, 
he will now drop Baggio, notwi t hst an di n g 
the player’s status erf national sporting 
idoL” . 


T»tiu — : - 

will to win. WeVe proved we. arc not the 
wimps some people in the press think we 

githrr Rggg in had, gotten twice lucky, or 
he had ro^c? proven those things. Heaven 
hdb us. The Italians, turning traumatic 
rHiy nuk to triumph in the nick of time, 
might actually win this tournament 
The pattern is reminiscent of 1982, when 
the I talian began dreadfully, founda 
talisman in Paolo Rossi, and proved all of 

usrottenforecastersbywinriingthecup.lt 

is a s Tr*"gV indefinable thing, but Italy’s . 
World Cup history always teases us with 

— (FIS 


That and 
would have 


other Italian editorials 
out before the 


boredom,* always' trawls through self- 
■ doubt, always comes up with a thin man 
destined to score most wall of the 
Rossi, Riva . . . and now ~ 

fob B&abtm AcsuffifV* Thms. 


Baggio Follows His Script 9 
Italy Advances to Semifinals 


F '*** 


By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

FOXBORO, Massachusetts — The final two 
minutes became Roberto Baggio’s encore. It 
happens all the time in theaters, choreographed 
and rehearsed behind the curtains, but the 54,605 
who paid their way in here would not dare have 
imagined the star confirming stardom in his 
country’s biggest game. 

Yet Baggio acts now with the audacity of 
someone whose heroics have been written out for 
him; he’s the calmest, surest striker this side of 
RomAxio, and of course he has final editorial 
control So he rode out the negatives until it was 
time to seize Italy’s 2-1 victory over Spain in the 
88th minute of their World Cup quarterfinal 
Saturday, when Roberto Donadom's vertical 
ball ricocheted off of Giuseppe Signori — his 
was a desperate knee-high punch of a pass — and 
out wide to Baggio, whose own recent play is 
driving him toward the highest expectations. 

“The goal he scored was one of a champion," 
said Amgo Sacchi, or so Italy’s manager hopes. 

An Achilles' tendon injury has 'lowed Baggio, 
and his tinkering manag er has frustrated him as 
much as any tnp-tackliog defender. Following 
SacchTs decision to remove Baggio early in their 
second game, the Italians had won a couple of 
matches short-handed to get this far. They 
wouldn't have returned for the quarterfinal if not 
for Baggio’s tying goal in the S9tb minute here 
last week against Nigeria, which allowed him to 
then create and convert the w inning penalty in 
extra time. But that was just the prolog. 

The Nigerian miracle had inspired not confi- 
dence but just four more changes in the lineup. If 
Sacchi were a painter he would never finish a 
painting. It is not entirely his fault. His fans who 
constantly say that Sacchi ought to be replaced 
can rite example after example of his impatience. 
In order to live up to their expectations, Sacchi 
makes more and more changes. Nobody sees the 
irony in this. The job is impossible. 

One of his new starters in midfield, Dino 
Baggio, sliced in a wicked opening goal from 
beyond the box in the 26th minute. It was a rare, 
even-handed lead for Italy, and wouldn't last. The 
air was as humid and foggy as a bathroom’s during 
a hot shower, and the Spaniards had rested for six 
days. The second half belonged to them as sweep- 
er Miguel Angel Nadal and midfielder Luis Enri- 
que were sent forward, Fernando Hierro and 
Julio Salinas were brought in to run and, in the 
59th minute, a dazzling build-up was finished by 
Jo5& Luis Caminero, deflected by the foot of 
exhausted defender Antonio Benarrivo. 

But their advantages in work and effort turned 
against the Spaniards as they almost always do in 
this neighborhood rivalry. 

Italy was looking forward to its seventh World 
Cup semifinal on Wednesday against either Ger- 
many or Bulgaria, while Spain has failed to 
survive three quarterfinals. It almost always loses 


to Italy in meaningful (non-Olympic) interna- 
tionals; the Spanish league is probably second 
only to Italy’s, and just two months ago AC 
Mdan swept away favored Barcelona, 4-0, in the 
European Champions Cup final. Five of those 
Milanese went up against seven embarrassed 
Barcelonans on Saturday, including Spam’s 
most-capped player, Andoni Zubizarreta, the 
goalkeeper who was out the door and headed for 
Valencia after his display in Athens. 

A brand almost resulted (daring the final inju- 
ry time, aptly) whoa the elbow of Milan's Mauro 
Tassotti broke Luis Enrique's nose. The two had 
to be separated as teammates rushed in, and 
Enrique refused to board his referee-ordered 
stretcher. Led at last to the sideline, his trainer 
kept him still by sitting on top of him — and had 
to shove Tassotti aside as the Italian made anoth- 
er run at Enrique when the game was over. 

“I believe the play should have been whistled,” 
said Javier Clemente, the Spanish coach. 

His team really should have gone ahead in the 
83d minute when Salinas was alone with Gian- 
luca Pagliuca. Pagliuca is the goalkeeper who 
unwarily got Italy going by getting himself eject- 
ed in the second game. He was given his job 
ahead of his replacement for 2Vi games, Luca 
Maichegiani, and in the crucial moment he made 
the great play of allowing Salinas to dribble 
blindly into his anklfc- 

“Therc are so many people I would like to 


congratulate for this victory, but most of all I 
would like to 


Id like to congratulate myself," said Pagliuca 
with a broad smile. “My being expelled, and then 
bring able to come back and play a good game, 
deserves my praise.” 


when, two minutes before the closing credits, a 
door was kicked open and there he was — in the 
right side of the box with only the 'keeper in his 
way. Zubizarreta, having already lost his Barce- 
lona career to these Italians, twitched and dove 



l.; ■ . 


Spain's goalkeeper, Andoni Zubizarreta, stretched a leg — and failed in the attempt— as the match-winning goal 


■■ &«Wtfck/ThaA»aeirt«irw» 

kJckedia by Roberto Baggio. 


fa 


as if trying to tackle a cat His forearms thudded 
then Nothii 


together Nothing. 

But be rolled to see that he had forced the ball 
out to a difficult angle, giving time for his team- 
mate Abeiardo to race in and cover. We are 
talking of a second’s fraction. The ball seemed to 
inhale and squeeze itself in between the right 
post and Abriardo's stomping foot Before the 
curtain could jerk, Baggio was blowing a kiss to 
the crowd. 


Pagliuca Storms Back for Italy After Suspension 


M 


ii 


So the Spaniards, who, with Sweden, had 
scored the most goals (9) in the first four games, 
now go home earlier than they should. At the 
very least, they should have gone into extra time 
and worn out Italy then. But the Italians have 
earned confidence in someone who may prove to 
be more valuable than all of Brazil's style or 
Germany’s efficiency. 

“Yon ay to do everything you can down to the 
last drop of energy you have,” Roberto Baggio 
said. 


The Associated Press 

FOXBORO, Massachusetts — A 
nightmare is over for Gianluca Pagliuca. 

Pagliuca had a difficult time sitting 
through a two-game suspension, watch- 
ing Ms friend and barium play goal for 
Italy. It was a lot harder than facing 
Spain in the quarterfinals. 

PagHuca’s outstanding performance 
after serving his suspension helped Italy 
to a 2-1 victory and into the World Cup 
semifinals. It also healed the bruised 
morale of the Italian goalie. 

Tm so happy for the contribution 
given to the team. I badly needed a good 
game," said Pagliuca, 27. “You can’t 
' ie my sufferings in the last two 
following my ejection. And the 


doubt about my comeback, taking the 
place of a friend who did well in my 
absence.” 

Red-carded after 21 minutes at Italy's 
first-round game against Norway, Pag- 
liuca missed matches against Mexico 
and Nigeria. Substitute Luca Marches 
gjani performed well 

Pagliuca handled the ball outside the 
penalty area to stop a Norwegian break- 
away, drawing an ejection and an auto- 
matic two-game suspension. Italy strug- 
gled to a 1-0 victory playing one man 
down. 

“1 did it to stop the. team conceding a 
goal which could have meant ehmina- 
tion,” Pagliuca said. “But staying out for 
two games, at a crucial tiancof toe com- 
petition, was a hard blow for me.” 


Anigo Sacchi, the coacb of Italy, de- 
cided to put PagHuca back in the start- 


ing lineup on the eve of thegamc against 
tin. His confidence was repaid with 


Spain, 
strong play. 

In the 84th minute, he made a superb 
stop with toe tip of his shoe on a shot by 
Jiilio Satinas, who had rushed uncovered 
into the I talian penalty area. 

Four minutes later, the stftr Forward 
Roberto Baggio scored Italy’s winning 
goal 

“When Salinas came at the net aH 
alone, I thought that our Weald Cra trip 
had come to an end,”- said PagKuca^ 
whose soccer career was threatened last 
year by a serious highway accident “In- 
stead, I managed to stop him and shortly 
after, Baggio sealed victory: • 


In injury time, as Spain pressed to a 
tie; Pagliuca twice jumped hi gh in the . 
middle of a group of players to grab 


- ‘Tagtoca was very good. He’s the 
No. 1 goalie of the team and I thought' 




’he deserved his place back,” Sacchi said 
at Foxboro Stadium. 


after, victory i 
- Pagliuea said Spam’s goal in the 4&to- 
nunute was actuaJly scored by toe Ital- 
ian defender An t onio Bcnamvo. 

“I could have stopped the shot Bear , 
arrive deflected the ball and pat it be- 
yond my reach,” Pagliuca said. . 

" Asked to whom he wanted to dedicate* 
Saturday’s victory, PagHuca never hesi- 
tated; . . 

.. "To myself. I deserved it” 


• ■ - -r : 

fT.T~ 






Branco Scores a Point Against Critics 




The Associated Press 

DALLAS — Brazil’s “old man” came 
through, in style and in the clutch. 

As Branco left the field in the final 
minute of Brazil’s dramatic, 3-2, win over 
the Netherlands in a World Cup quarterfi- 
nal game Saturday, fans in toe Cotton 
Bowl stood and applauded. 

The defender not only created the play 
that resulted in the winning goal, but 
scored it on a booming left-footed free kick 
in the 81st minute. 


It was vintage Branco — he had been 
scoring like that through a long career that 
includes two previous World Cups. But 
this one had a special significance. 


T caUit my ‘put up or shut up’ goal” he 
shut 


“I looked at the scoreboard and 1 saw 
there were 10 minutes left." he said after 
the game. “I had to try something, and I 
figured now was toe time.” 

His shot skirted the end of the wall and 
nicked toe post on its way into toe right 
corner. 


said. “This touts the mouths of a lot of 
people who said I was was through, that I 
didn’t belong on toe team.” 

It’s been a long road back for the 30- 
year-old defender. 

Injuries late in toe season and at training 
camo had cost him his starting berth. Leo- 
nardo, his replacement, was three years 
younger and a lot more spry. 

Many Brazilians frit Branco was too old 
to run both ends of toe Grid as a lateral 
defender, one of soccer’s most grading 
positions. 

Suddenly, Leonardo was gone, oat for 
the Cup with a four-game suspension for 


elbowing the U.S. midfielder Tab Ramos. 
Branco was back. But was he ready? 

The Dutch team would provide the an- 
swer. Branco would cover Marc Overmaxs, 
a quick and dangerous attacker. 

“It’s funny, but 1 wasn’t in the least 
worried about marking h™, although he’s 
one of toe team’s best players. And I don’t 
think he had much of an influence on the 
game,” Branco sakL 

Branco shut down Overmars, and the 
Dutch team didn't create much of any- 
thing on his side The two goals, resulting 
from a corner kick and a throw-in, started 
on the right side. 

But toe criticism he took still rankles. 

“Certain people ran an orchestrated 
campaign against me,” he said. “But my 
teammates and the medical staff stood by 
me, and God gave me this chance.” 


The Spanish Lament: An Opportunity Missed 


Complied by Our Staff From Dispatches 

FOXBORO, Massachusetts — Depres- 
sion hung over the Spanish camp as it 
dawned on them just now close they had 
been. 

“This was a fabulous opportunity," said 
Jon Andoni Goikoetxea, a midfielder for 
Spain. “I think it will be a long time before 
we get another one like it.” 

After dominating roost of the Saturday’s 
World Cup quarterfinal, Spain learned 
how painful a missed opportunity could be 
as Italy struck late to hand the Spaniards a 
2-1 loss. 

Julio Salinas, at forward, and Andoni 
Zubizarreta, in goal, shouldered the bulk 
of critics’ blame for the loss, and Salinas 
admitted be felt luck had deserted him. 

“The goalkeeper came out well but with 
toe ball bouncing all I could do was hit it 


with my leg,” he said, referring to a scoring 
opportunity with just seven minutes to 
p!ay. 

But Javier Clemente, Spain s coach, re- 
fused to place blame for the loss. 

“It would not be fair. We have to be 
comprehensive when people make mis- 
takes,” Oemente said. “I still don’t under- 
stand it. Salmas doesn’t normally miss 
sitters like that but today he was unlucky.” 

Luck bypassed toe Spaniards again in 
toe final seconds, when forward Luis Enri- 
que Martinez was set to intercept a lobbing 
pass that could have produced a second 
equalizer, but was knocked in toe face and 
grounded by Mauro Tassotti. 

“Luis Enrique bad Ms nose broken. I 
dunk it should have been a dear penalty 
but the referee derided to ignore it totally,” 
Oemente said. 


But if toe referee made errors, so loo did 
Spain, and none greater than in allowing 
Roberto Baggio's goal. 

“In football there’s always mistakes. 
That second goal was genuinely a superb 
counterattack which caught us by surprise 
with only four men in the back,” Clemente 
said. “I agree it was very lamentable.” 

Jose Luis Perez Caminero, who scored 
Spam’s only goal in toe 59th minute, said 
“I don't know what went wr ong in the 
midfield, but they told us that Baggio was 
offside, maybe it was that.” 

Jos6 Maria Bakerosaw it as more a l ack 
of derisiveness on Spain’s part. 

“There’s no room for lamenting,” he 
said. “We had dear opportunities we 
couldn't exploit, more than toe Italians. 
The difference is with Italy if you don't 
hammer it home, they will" 













aria, Then Bye-Bye to Old Germany, 2-1 


Jordan Letefakor, 


hn-loop riwmunfApacc Fob^Rok 

rear,iijai Germany ’s Thomas Hfissler watch the Bulgarian’s header gogoalward in the 79th minute. 



By Ian Thomsen 

Imernaimnal Herald Tribune 

EAST RUTHERFORD, New Jersey — 
Offered little more than a puncher’s 
chance, the Bulgarian goals came from 
down around the ankles and toppled ev- 
erything the world takes for granted in 
soccer. In the 76th minute, Hristo Stoitch- 
kov’s left hook popped the net from over 
the top; three minutes later came the 
knockout blow, delivered with every inch 
of Iordan Letchkov’s airborne body. 

For the first tone since 1982, Germany 
will miss a World Cup final. The three- 
time champion was removed from its quar- 
terfinal, 2-1, on Sunday by Bulgaria, which 
less than three weeks ago had never won a 
World Cup match. If not for the consaea- 
tiousncss of a forgotten referee last No- 
vember in Paris, the Bulgarians would not 
have earned a place among the final 24 
te am s here — a place that was hardly 
regarded. 

Its upset of France in the final moments 
of injury time eight months ago led to its 
frret-roand upset of Argentina — aided by 
the suspension hours earlier of Diego Mar- 
adona; which was then followed by an 
unlikely second-round shootout against 
Mexico that was won almost singlehan- 
dedly by Borislav Mihaylov, theunhexald- 
ed French second-division goalkeeper. 
Over the final 15 minutes Sunday, be 
found himself preserving what might be 
the most surprising victory since 1954, 
when Hungary was upset for the first of 
three West Germany’s three World Cup 
victories. 

The G ermans, unified for the first time 
since 1938 by the same forces that have 
allowed the Bulgarians to gain club experi- 
ence in the west, had won nine of their 
previous 10 World Cup quarterfinals, and 
they were on their way to a semifinal here 
against Italy when the Colombian referee; 
Josfc Joaquin Torres Cadena, penalized 


Letchkov for tripping Jurgen Klinsmann 
after the two had contested a high bounce 
in the 48th minute. Lothar MattMus, the 
German captain who tied a record with his 
21st World Cup appearance Sunday, was 
able to beat Mihaylov to the right cornea: as 
the Mexicans had failed to do, and Germa- 
ny held a 1-0 lead. 

Yet Mattb&us, for all of his strengths, 
embodied die German weaknesses as well. 
Age had forced him backward from mid- 
fielder to sweeper, and a gash in his right 
foot had sidelined him from the latter half 
of the team's second-round victory a week- 
end ago- In the eighth minute, the whole 
world gasped al the sight of him pivoting 
numbly on that foot to mis-clear a ball 
directly to Nasko Sirakov in the Goman 
box. 

Winking and nodding to each other, the 
Bulgarians smelled weakness and within 
four minutes they were attacking. A dead 
ball quickly taken exploited the German 
abscotmindcdncss as Sirakov went deep to 
knock a short cross off the bands of goal- 
keeper Bodo Dgner. It was gathered up by 
Letchkov, whose pass into the disarray 
found Stoitchkov alone for just a moment, 
just long enough for him to cross to the 
charging Krassimir Balakov for what 
should nave been the opening goal. It 
banged clear off the left post. 

For 20 minutes the Germans were as 
passive as sharpshooters, looking for space 
while their naive, hungrier opponents 
sought to create it Slowly the 
warmed to that challenge, as a cross 
Thomas Hfissler — having created five of 
die eight German goals — came off the 
head of Jfiigen KHnsmann, horizontal, sax 
paces from Stoitchkov. Klinsmann hung 
there like a rifle barrel, his shot knocking 
Mihaylov backward — though the Bulgari- 
an had the wherewithal to catch the oco- 
chet off his chest without falling into goal 
with it. 


Twice more Hfissler would cross danger- 
ously to Andreas Mailer, the first deflected 
by Trifan Ivanov in the 33d minute, the 
second coming just one minute before the 
Bulgarian equalizer — and it's die second 
which Germany wifi remember A ball laid 
back perfectly and whalloped, with as 
much boom as 18- wheel tmdf r unning 
over the ball, off the left post Rudi VOller 
put in the rebound, but ms partner, Klins- 
mann, bad been ruled offsdes. The Ger- 
mans could have led by 2-0. 

Nonetheless, they appeared to be as- 
suming control as they always do, forcing 
their ways on a smaller, less certain oppo- 
nent. Romania had lost its breakaway zeal 
as Stoitchkov, who mostly had beat si- 
lenced by his shadowing defender, Jftrgen 
Kohler, stood over a free kids: 25 meters 
out. Earlier, Dgner bad positioned his wall 
perfectly to blunt a sim ilar attempt by 
Stoitchkov. But the Germans are elderly 
and occasionally prone to lapses, as South 
Korea and Belgium had proved in the 
preceding games, and the wall had a few 
loose bricks. Stoitchkov left-footed the 
a qiialww over them and nnd^r the bar as 
thegoalkeeper watched flat-footed. 

The Germans have come track so often 
that the next cross, in from Zlatko Iankov 
ahead of the trailing Hfissler, was the most 
■shocking of afi. The balding Letchkov dove 
and bulSeyed it off his lone tuft of hair and 
beyond Dgner — or any goalkeeper in the 
world, for that matter. 

The Germans need not be reminded that 
Letchkov, who celebrated his 27th birth- 
day on Saturday, plays for Hamburg. Nor 
that Bulgaria is beginning to look a lot like 
Denmark, the last to upset Germany in the 
1992 European final. As the Bulgarians 
waited to learn whether Balkan neighbor 
Romania would join them in the final four, 
the surviving Brazilians and Italians — 
each striving to become the first to win 
four Cups — have now to be wondering 
what’s become of their world. 


P Hagi’s Family Back Home , to Wait 9 Hope 


The ball info the net, giving BulgmS^sK 


were ecstatic, the 


The Associated Pros 

CONSTANTA, Romania — On the 
outskirts of this Black Seaport, the family 
of Romania’s most famous soccer player 
was waiting, waiting for Sunday's game at 
the World Cup. 

“I wanted to be at home to watch the 
match because it was too much for my 
heart,” said Chirita Hagi, 64, the mother of 
Ghearghe Hagi, Romania’s most famous 
soccer player, she has been on medication 
since a heart attack nine years ago. 

Six members of the Hagi family re- 
turned to Constanta after three weeks in 
the United States. They wanted to be home 
far Romania's quarterfinal against Sweden 
on Sunday in Stanford, California. 

On Saturday, family and friends gath- 
ered in the afternoon to drink coffee in the 


tv. % 


courtyard erf their five-room house shaded 
by vines. The mood was optimistic. 

“Hagi is at the peak of his career,** said 
Iosef Bukoese, a 58-year-old ethnic Hun- 
garian talent scouL “He is the creator on 
the fidd but he also finishes.” 

Nineteen years ago Bukoese, who 
played for Romania in the 1960s, discov- 
ered Hagi one morning in a school yard. 

“It was dear he was very talented,” he 
recalled. 

Bukoese took Hagi under his wing until 
1981 when the young soccer star joined the 
national youth division in the capital Bu- 
charest Now Hagi earns $900,000 a year 
for his Italian League dub Brescia. 

It wasn't always like this. Twenty-nine 
ago Hagi was born in the village of 
30 miles (48 kilometers) north of 


Constanta. He was the third child of a 
peasant couple. 

In Sacele, people grew com and sun- 
flowers and raised sheep and goals. Soccer 
was seen as something strange. 

Hagi’s family moved to Constanta when 
Gheorghe was 7. His mother remembers 
her son always asking for money for tennis 
shoes and soccer balls. 

“We didn't really have that much mon- 
ey, but you can’t refuse your own cbfld,” 
said the tiny dark-eyed woman whom Hagi 
closely resembles. 

Hagi’s father, lancu Hagi, 61, is a con- 
struction worker. He earns $83 a month. 

“Before we could only dream of hope,” 
said his father. “Now we can fed h.” 


Brazilians Defeat Dutch, 







By Johnette Howard 

Washington Post Soria? , 

DALLAS — It was a game iu-whkk 
both team’s hopes dipped and xqse, bit : 
bottom, then skyrocketed. First: Brazil 
seized a seemingly insurmountable two- 
goal lead late in the second half and began 
celebrating wildly, with Bebeto, Romfino 
and Mazinho rocking bade and forth in 
front of their team’s bench looidng like the 
Temptations doing a Motown song. 

But this was the World- Cop quarterfi- 
nals and the Netherlands stormed back, in 
a 12-minute burst evening with two goals 
of its own. Just like that, after a scoreless 
first half, this game was everything it was 
expected to be: high-test offense, hamed 
defense. 

And in the end Saturday, narrowly fa- 
vored Brazil seized a 3-2 victory just nine 
minutes from the end of regulation on a 
storybook, game-winning goal by Branco 
— a defender who wouldn’t even have 

^been playing had the usual starter, Leonar- 
do, not been expdted from the tournament 
for injuring the U.S. midfielder Tab Ra- 
mos a wMtch earlier with a wicked elbow - 
that cracked a bone above Ramos's left 
ear. . . 

On Wednesday, Brazil will faces toe- 
winner of Sunday's SwedenrRomama 
ae, set for the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, 


drip over the head of the Brazilian goal- 
keeper Claudio Taffard just one minute 
after Bebeto’s dispu t ed goal had ma dc it 2- 
0. Bergkamp — steadfastly ignoring Bra- 
wTn muiting awl harsh, knockdown foul- 
ing — hopped and cradled a pass into the 


the ba& over the oaunshing Taffard in the 
game's 64th minute. 

When teammate Aron Winter scored in 
the 76th minute on. a perfectly executed 
header off a comer Ira by Mare Over- 

mars, the players on the Dutch bench bolt- 
ed up, began hugging each other and wav- 
ingtaearwannup jerseys aad towels. 

TTieBrariliansmi^havesnccunibcdto 
shock or pressure at: that point, knowing 
they'd blown a., two-goal lead, knowing 
their national media had hounded them 
about lackluster play despite (he 4-0-1 re- 
cord the team earned into Saturday’s 
garner Several players had admitted they 
had begun to fed pressure from their oonn- 
trymeaback home, too. 

An estimated 30,000 Brazilian Buis have 
come to America to see this World Cup. 
And if this national team doesn’t, as ex- 
petted, end Brazil's 24-year drought with- 
out a World Cop title, the howling will so 
intense that it .win make die noose that 
came from the Dutch camp Saturday 
sound like a whisper. .. 



Mazinho, left, and Romano, right, helped Bebeto celebrate his goal against the Netherlands during Brazes controversial 3-2 victory 


u.onua. 

Branco's goal —scored off a free kick in 

Aa J. *— - - — — • La j 4 ?I— a 7 -41 frail ntf 


tbc &hst ' i mmute after he It Was a Referee’s Whistle Unblown That Had the Loudest Echoes 


r aring in on the attack — blazed by _ _ > — 
goalkeeper Ed De Gog after rest nnssng 
Romirio. The striker had jaggpd'bra and 
forth in front of De Gog as ^anw pre- 
pared to kick, then arched h is back as 
franco's shot whizzed by. ItnussngRo- 
mfirio’s jersey by an wdash and sneaked 
just inside the post to De Gog $ left. •. 
Although Branco’s shot was the one that 

likely to be delated for years —e^aaity 

in the Netherlands —was m offsMctoat 
wasn't called against Romfino seconds bc- 

dtested the ball ahead toinmsdf, then 
wercdleft past one sliding Dutch defender 
iSlDc Gt& Thai left the 
and Bebeto easily tapped m the ball for 
Brazil's second goal 

jgAXSriJS&Si' 

SjssSssSS' 

gZHt'Sch a level,- Bet P «- 

showed no such restraint. 

"Hie referee is blind," the Dutch star 

^vssssssp 

rektodied DoichhopesavWi* 


_ By Mike Penner 

Lee Angela Tima Senior 

DALLAS — Dutch midfielder Rob 
Witschge was shirtless by the time he hit 
the tmmd; toe “Clockwork Grange” had 
turned “A Whiter Shade Of Pale," 


Except for the face. 
The fat 


face was tri-colored — crimson, 

scarlet and red — and it seemed to send off 
as Witschgc was asked by an inter- 
’ to assras tois just-completed World 


translated, Witschge .charged 
the officials with stealing toe shirts off the 
Netherlands’ backs. ■ 

“He says it is tembfe,” toe interpreter 
said. Tie says the linesman is blind, abso- 
lutely blind. 

“He says the Biazffian player was three 
yards offside — a terabse way to get a 


been the land of football normally seen 
inside the Cotton Bowl, he would have 
signaled for a fair catch. 

But RomSiio knows his fulbol — and he 
also knew that trusty sidekick Bebeto was 
angling into the dear on the right flank. As 
the pass began to slice toward Bebeto, 


Romfino, camped in center field, started to 

walk away from toe baH 
It was a leisurely stroll, and Romfino 
will ted you with a wink that he had it 
ptanngri all along. A ssumin g Romfirio was 
hopelessly trapped offside, Valckx and 
Koeman froze and waited for the whistle. 


When they fly back to Amsterdam, 
Valckx and Koeman will still be waiting. 

The ball landed just beyond the two 
Dutchmen with a plop, accompanied by 
so other sound than Bebeto’s feet 
He swooped in, pounced on the loose 
ball and took it home — drawing Dutch 


WORLD CUP QUARTERFINAL RESULTS AND SCORERS 


“Hesaysit is one (rf toe saddest thntgsifl 
his career.” ' ' 

Brazil held a 1-0 lead when the Braafian 
defender Branco won a head ball at nrid- 
fidd apd lofted a pass over toe heads of 
two Dutch players trying to weak an off- 
sdes trap on Romfino. „• 

Stan Valckx and Ronald Koeman aj> 
peared tb.pull it off splendidly, too. Up 
^ the ban, up stepped Valckx and Koe- 
man ... and mere was Romfino several 
yards bade, all by his lonesome. Had this 


QUARTERFINALS 

Satoufay Ju*r9 
. MPoxbota, Mm. 

n*fZ, Spain 1 ... 

At DUMB 

Bnzf 3, NMlMatflfxto 2 

Sand* July 10 
AfEutfMMrtM, tU 
ButgMa^Oamwv 1 

A( Stanton! Caft 
dwabon va. Romania 

SEM1RNALS 

WackMdayJUjrlS 

. . AtEaatRutwrtani.Hj. 

Ba^nnb BU|0vlea»S OMT 

Ai P BMdan a .CrtH 

A^ytLSwadaMlonqmwimw.SSSSMT 

THIRD PLACE 

MunMy July IS 
AaPawriana.C*tt 
SPHna kmn.1903 iQMT 

CHAMPIONSHIP 
SUM* July 17 

AtPMHfena.CaK. 
.SWHMnMaaniam. 1S39 0MT 


Match Results Goal Scorers 


MwU t fwiimnn 1 

Scorerv BWuorta • Hrtflo SMtchto* 
(7Wi). Jcrtan LttChkov (WIN; Cermanv - 
Loftier MottftfruB Ifttt, panottv). 

Rcfaree: Jose Toma tCotemWo) 

Yaliow conts; G«Tmanv ■ Thomca Heftntr 
(IStfi)# Martin WMner (IMh), Tlwnws 
Hastier (9Xtl>. Jansen Klinsmann fjletl. 
Rud Voller OOtti): Buksarto-Trllon Ivanov 
(Tenth HrieU SJpMtMtev ISM. BorisMsv MI- 
haytov (MbL 

BmU X HenwriaHts 2 

Scorers: Natt w Haada - Denaia aaniimma 
(MttU.Aron WMcr (77tfi|r Brazft > KomMo 
(3 U, BMmM (Whr&reMB mi. 

KaUntx: RodrJse BofflUa (Costa Rtao). 

Yat low canto: Netharionto-Aron iMntor 
MNi). Jm Wnutm ISfJh); Bradi - Oonpa 
(Wfti). 

Iftriv xsnaia t 

Scorers: Urtv-WnoBcswIo QMh). Refterts 
Boaato (Uhl; spam - osmtneni HWW. 

Refente: 3m*r pvM (Himnarvi. 

VeHowcatdK Spain -Aftetanto «W> Co- 
minera ( 30 HU. 


4—* Qiao Solanhoi Ruaalo. 

S — JOnwn KUnsmoim. Gennony: Hristo 
StoHcMuw, Butoorta. 

4 — QofarW Bottstuto. Ainerttnoj MoTfio 
Dotdln. Swodeo; RoftVirio, BrazB. 

3 — KonflftAndarssonJhwdtfi; HooertoBoo- 
ala Italy; Stfteta. Brazil; Comtatra, Stmbi; 
Joan Antonia Qolkoaixea. Spain; Dennfs 
Bot^TO.NefnertanOsjGheorshoHavt, Ro- 
mania 

j — PWllppe Attert. BwWom; Pood Amir. 
EoMfl Arabia; Daniel Amakachi, Nlperta; 
Envnaauei Amanika, Htaerta; Dina 
I Mr; GMraas Broav, SwUzertond; QauOio 
Canioola Arventtna; iUe □amlln»cu.Rwn»' 
ntaj Lula Garda. Mexico; Jon Antoni Go*- 
kaetxtxu Seoln; H9fV Mrono Bt* 5 mi» Ko- 
rea; Iordan Letchkov, Bdoaria; Florin 
RadudohL Romania; Adorn vownda, o>- 
ktm&la; Rud VflUer, Oe rn mny: WUn Jonk, 

NeftwrimdL 

1 — John AWrUtoe. Ireland; Abd aaltxbAr- 
pedlna; Alter Beoirtskdn. Stain; ManceOna 
BernaL Mexico; Rranato Omam Dixie*. 


Canwraao; Daniel BartaiitaVi Sdoarta; Bran- 
co. Brazft; Tomas Brofln. S w ed en; Sieptaae 
Cnapuisat Swltzertand, Mohammed QkmoOz. 
Morocco; Marc Deanme. Bdotom; David 
ante Cameroon,- Alberto Garda, Mexico,- 
Harmaa Gadrta, CMomMa; FWdi George. NL 
gerio; Fcftod Gheshevciv So ad Arabia; 
Gnomes Gran, Betoken; josep GuordWa, 
Spain; Feraanao tflcmbSagbi; (tar Heusceen, 
Iretond; Hwang Sun Hona, South Korea,- Sard 
Jabw^atdiArdta; Addon KnwJwttzerlcnd. 

RooerUuno, S weden; John Harold Lmona 
Colombia; Dtcoo Maradona, AroenHno; Luis 
EnrtaiM Marifnez, tedn; DanMe Atewa, 
Italy: Lettar (MafttmeuA Germanr; Roger 
MHtor, Cameraoo; Hasson Honor, Morocco; 
Sand Owatam, Saudi Arabia; DankH Vasthr 
Perrracu, Romonlw Dmitri RmJctwnka. Ru»- 
Bla;RaLBrazlli KlettlRekdca. Norway; Kart- 
hotnx Rledte. Germany; Bryan nay.Neftter. 
lands; Joito SaUaxi. Spain; Erwin Sanawz. 
Ballvta; Mdrdo Santas, Brail; Sw Juno 
WteSoutn Korea; Samson Stasia, Nfeerfo; 
Mttko $MW, Butaarla; End# Stewart, 
(MM States; Atom duffer. Swfteerfand; 
Gaston Taument, NeOieriamts; Aran Winter, 
Nether hu ftH Erie wmkto. United Statau 
Rasbeed YekML Hlocrta. 

Own Owns— Amenta Escobar. Colombia (vs. 
United Staieai. 


goalkeeper Ed De Goej out of his box and 
tapping the ball into an open net. 

The play sent Bebeto into a jubilant 
celebration that he said later was “for my 
baby, my son” boro Thursday. But else- 
where, the reaction was delayed. In the 
press area, two Brazilian journalists leaped 
to their feet, then began to grimace. 

“No goal," one of them told his col- 
leagues with a glum shake of his head. 
“Romfino was offside.” 

Yet toe scoreboard showed Brazil 2, 
Netherlands 0 and it was not going away. 

There had been no linesmans flag thrust 
into toe air. 

There had been no referee's whistle. 

The goal stood. 

Advocaat was aghast. 

Screaming, be made for the referee, Ro- 
drigo Badilla of Costa Rica, but other 
members of toe Dutch squad pulled him 
away- 

Offsides is often a judgment call — and 
Badilla went to toe brink on this one. 

Because Romfino walked away from toe 
play, Badilla ruled, the striker was not 
involved in it and, consequently, was irrel- 
evant to the play. 

Conclusion: No offsides. 

“Terrible," Witschge said again and 
again. “All of a sudden, there's a different 
rule for offsides? If you’re walking, you' 
can gooffT 




■ 








Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JfULY 11, 1994 


East Side, West Side, According to Doctorow 


By Bruce Weber 

New York Tuna Scmce 

N EW YORK — Entering Bryant 
Park, the rejuvenated public 
square behind the New York Public 
Library, the novelist E. L. Doctorow 
regarded it, a lovely greensward on a 
lovely, day, with the appreciative sur- 
prise of an infrequent viator to the city. 

The park was reopened two years 
ago after a much-publicized renova- 
tion, but for Doctorow, a 63-year-old 
Bronx native clad like a natty tourist 
in a blue blazer and crisp white trou- 
sers, it was a discovery. 

‘They’ve done a nice job with this, 
haven't they?" he said. 

It was a curious moment, because 
Doctorow, perhaps more than any 
other contemporary writer, is associ- 
ated with New York. Of his nine nov- 
els, seven are set principally in and 
around the city. 

“Big as Life,” written in 1966, is 
basically a science-fiction novel in 
which Manhattani tes wake up one 
morning to End two giant human fig- 
ures s tanding imm obile in the Hudson 
River. But since then, the books have 
fixed New York at particular mo- 
ments in history and sought to render 
It realistically. 

In fact, a key scene in his new book, 
“The Waterworks” (Random House), 
occurs on these very grounds, albeit 
more than a century ago, when a reser- 
voir stood on the spot Here it is de- 
scribed in the noveL The Lime is 1 87 1 : 

Tt was an unnatural thing, the reser- 
voir. The bouldered retaining walls 
were 25 feet thick and rose 44 feet in an 
inward-leaning slant. The design was 
Egyptian. The comers were relived by 
trapezoidal turrets, and bisecting each 
long wall face were temple doors. You 
went in, dimbed tip a stair to the para- 
pet, and came out in the sky. From this 
elevation the rising dty seemed to fall 
back before something that wasi't a 
dty, a squared black expanse of black 
water that was in fact the geometrical 
absence of a dty.” 

Some of those wails still exist, be- 
neath the Public Library. Before ven- 
turing out into Bryant Park, Doc- 
torow, with a library escort, had gone 
to see them — for the first time. Then 
he went upstairs to e xamin e a photo- 
graph, circa 1899, of the reservoir, 
emptied on the eve of its destruction. 

“Word, Isn’t it?” he said, looking at 
the photo, which was also new to him, 
and he noted that in his description he 
had left out the wall that divided the 

reservoir in two. 



Jov K- Lope.- . Tbc Net, York Tract 

E. L. Doctorow on his view of New York: “It's a visionary thing.” 


It’s not so weird, really. Doctorow's 
relationship with New York has only 
partly to ao with familiarity; the rest 
is, weJL fiction. Though he keeps an 
apartment in Greenwich Village, be 
spends most of his time at his homes 
in New Rochelle and Sag Harbor, 
New York. And though the narrator 
of "The Waterworks,” a newspaper 
editor named McQvaine, is someone 
who knows the dty intimately, Doc- 
torow, seated now on one of the green 
folding chairs scattered about Bryant 
Park, admitted that he does not. 

T don't know die dty as well as 
McDvaine,” he said, his tonecbaracta-- 
istkally avuncular and wry. Tt seems 
to me that most people know the dty 
better than I da My view is not docu- 
mentary. It’s a visionary thing.” 

In “The Waterworks," Doctorow 
has written something of a detective 
story that begins when a reporter, Mar- 
tin Pemberton, disappears. One villain 


is based on Boss Tweed, the corrupt 
leader of Tammany HalL The other is 
fictional, a brilliant, disturbed doctor 
whose twisted expe ri ments on children 
and elderly men serve as a metaphor 
for the eva spirit pervading the time. 

The action takes place all over 
town, on sites recognizable now as 
SoHo and Greenwich Village and east 
midiown, what was then the northern 
reaches of the metropolis. 

"We live in the past to an astonish- 
ing degree, the myths we live by, the 
presumptions we make,” Doctorow 
said. "Nobody can look in the mirror 
and not see ms mother or father. So 
maybe there’s not such a distinction to 
be made.” 

It has been pointed out by mare 
than <me commentator that, read in 
order of their chronological settings, 
be ginning with “The Waterworks,” 
Doctorow’s novels describe a century 
of life in New York. 


Tlagtime” (1975) depicte a cacop^ 
nous New York at the outset of Wodd 
War J. “Klly Bathgate” (198?) is a 
commg-of-agp novel about, a young 
man’s apprenticeship to the city's most 
glamorous 1920s gangster, Dutch 
Schultz. ‘World’s Fair" (1985) cfcrom^ 
des a facsimile of Doctorow’s own 
Bronx boyhood in the 1930s. ‘The 
Book of Daniel” (1971X about the chil- 
dren of the executed Bronx couple, 
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, is set in the 
’60s but ventures frequently bade into 
the McCarthyite *50s. The title novella - 
in “Lives of me Poets* (1984) concerns 
a writer alienated by 1970s booul 

Ttfs nothing I planned, of course,” 
Doctorow said. T thought I was writ- 
ing about life. But in my mind, Kfe and 
New York are the samel” 

details are various, the NewYari'tiiat 
finds its way into Doctorow’s novels is, 
in many ways, the same one, winch is a 
reflection of the one we live in. 

“New York is a gravy-rtained, spit- 
fiedeed, bituminous, rough-necked 
livid place that we Tall into in his 
pages, and if that sounds familiar, it 
should,” the historian Simon Schama' 
wrote of Doctorow in The New Yoak 
Times Book Review, adding that the 
Doctorovian past “is plainly held up 
as a mirror in winch we are meant to 
see our own time and manners.” 

But Doctorow is not quite wilting to 
cop to writing hteraDy about either the 
past or present. 

T will tdl you what’s the same, 
though,” he said. “There's an incredi- 
blc amount of energy here that should 
be anarchic, but is somehow con- 
trolled. I loved writing the street 
scenes in The Waterworks.’ ” Here- 
called as emblematic a scene that 
talus place on the comer of Broadway 
and Prince Street, what with horse 
carts and pedestrians a busy intersec- 
tion even then. And indeed, it’s a 
moment of stopped time, a moment 
when the perpetual frenzy circles 
around a person who sees through it . 
with perfect clarity. 

“Martin Pemberton, is going down 
Broadway,” Doctorow said. “And the 
rain begins, the thunder daps, hoses 
shy ana their hooves fly up and in the ' 
middle of everything Martin sees this 
white coach. And just then a veteran 
sticks a tin cop under his nose, and he - 
bears the newsboy. And all these 
thing? are going on, and through it all, 
he has a sighting: He sees his father. 
That’s ray New York.” 


LANGUAGE; 



in 



-M 


By William Safire 

W ashington — The language of pene- 

trated privacy has a new houm 
' The verb to overhear, “to hear what is pot 


“the: rifle off a. two-person basketball game I 
winch one player pteys : against another.” ^ 

■ That’s one meaning, but in current usage, ant 
ohoae alsdrefers tocTeferisive maneuvering by a 


intended by the speaker to be heard,” has been -basketball team, jx^ps developed from man to 
used by snoopers since 1549, when a man op the man and influenced by the general replacement 
gallows murmured a message meant for a lien- of mtmtyperson ( one person, one vote I per- 
. tenant, but —according to a. seononby Bishop .son etc .). "The Langpageof Sport 

Hugh T-atimgr - — “the wotdc was over heard.” : ! Considme nsts mo two-player game as a 

The wort ever is used in this *etb-not in, Aer seccte^ mtomift to* tho;pmnaiy tense, a 
of “above” but; with the meaning of . , ?i^ ^jimafionm>^riitchajas^etonensivdyordefensi- 
Yood" as in “to hear beyond the intended roach vdy.. . is confronted by a single opponent 
of the voice.” - ' andan extended, meanmg of Iettingoneperson 

But what shaft we call the overheard, remade . . interart with'another ng b oth er ed by interlopers, 
itself? Eavesdrop is a verb, rarely used as a noun, j .The’ tecm also apP* 5 ®*? ™ footbaE An undated 
When my telephone was wiretapped/the content citation m Meari^m-WebsteYs Sports Dictionaiy 
of that .eavesdropping activity was called the tap, Quotes O.J, SnnpsonjVQ hi s playing days: If we 
or when recorded in written form, the “tap torn- mJeasidear ai^^iof mrtr guysOTt to leave me 
script.” No notHi existed for the overheard^cbn- - orieWooV one-with -me last taduer, thars coot 
veisation itsdf . . ^ Jbec^tte o^ ^^^^ 8^^ 

The language vacuum has been. “The world of transpor- 

ts therday I called Joseph diGenova, a 

ton lawyer who serves as an independent cpttttseL ^rOOWber. IsabdlelxmgHlm ofN ew York gently 
. rnvpc tipatinp flue unlaw ful riforingirg at the Clin- objects: ./“FtT correct uke to os. Maybe Fm not 
.ton passport files dnrmg the campaign of 1 992- '"vSb- it-amtthe rule has- been changed.” Nope: 

My purpose was to raid out the status of the Ske is. ’aarect as a preposition joking an object 
investigation, which has been delayed by the 0*no otha^. Had I, added a verb (“like no other 
tarnrinp of evidence by some illegal' eavesdrop- CDa^vr^c oo other has”), then like would be • 

* axonjanction as, not the preposi- . 


inn 
& 


( ;,f V 

P'-. 

5 T 

n: ■* 


■\W 


■ri 



Department of State. 

“Can’t talk about the 

Switching to a linguistic mode^I asked What fen 
overbear Is. Long pause, dumig wtiidfrpiesiame' 
theprosecutor was mentaUyieviewing Role 6 (e) 
of me Federal Rules of Criminal Jtoaxfate^ 
forbidding the disclosure of grand jury proceed- 
ings. Assured of the query’s exclusively lexico- 
graphic thrust, the lawyer promised to get back 
to me by fax. 

Which he did. Air overhear,' in I&w-enforcts' 
meat aides, is defined by.tfiGenava as “surrep- 
titious interception (usually electronically) of 
oral Communications-” 

Eavesdr(ffpingYissAs^ex^tsK)k^.T)^.eawes . 
of a house are the cods of the roof that overhang doOghmUs 

rite windows. The eavesdrop is the wietiear that' 

drops from the eaves. An mtrnsryepqson who fate- cc^ain ch rftetox ^, and doughnuts are no 
wants to overhear what is gomfrori (pride stands^- longer fried in .^c.Tio^s faF as .tiiey were when 
next- to the window, dose upagamsf the walL TWasEnngtonlrviijg first mentioned them in 1809." 
within the eavesdrop. •*'. > - Hiej^ennSrate FoodSciProf suggests that I 

What tlw eavesdropper is getting : is an dkptiSijhave^rtreSsed rite fat content of dough- 
overhear. rinfe(f0grSBD^cf^ vsu Onedr two grams in the 

□ - ; y. averagebagpT^Bagds have gone onemi one with 

Beware of mconeetlons, a ward coined by 

durf limgiiasc assort? Jeffrey McQuiSL^ ^a^hj^fmore.m Bka. »boot thar cho- 
denote titose false settings^straight by Sre ineX- mc - 

pert or too-oqpert. . ;• ^j^jg^s^a^iimes'SaHee 

When I referred to onaon one as “a .basketball ' ' ' *“ 

defease,” the mcorrections dribBled m. Larry 


^ a' surly way of introducing a real ' 

double-damning : correction, from Manfred 
Kroger^jrofessbr of food science at PennS tale 
(that’s fc'snmy way the Pennsylvania State 
Umveisiw^^es itsdf). . . . " 

In .a jgece about the triumph .of bagels over 
daugbririteni the toroidal-pastiy war, I described 
' brownish bombs of chlore* 

lnrie been. inhaling chlorofoniT 
cholesterol i" Kroger 

e^no^iolesterd in 
ig in ml, thoU^i there is a 
arid eggs nsed. Only animal 


Lesser ^of Washingtori pointed out^ tbaft what f 
meant was man to man: “One, an one is a.-varisnL. j 

basketball game for two pecyfe.’’’ Larry Craig ot ', ^ - T 

Huntsville, Alabama, apeed tiuH.'eftw' bn one -fr' ^ 


ONAL 
FIED 




WEATHER 


CRQSSWO 


Europe 


Forecast for Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 



Today 


Tomorrow 



Low 

w 

*96 

Low W 


OF 

OF 


OF 

OF 

Mpm 

30*6 

10*8 

f 

27*0 

1»«W 9 

AimMntan 

25/77 

(8*4 

a 

25/77 

1B®4 s 

Ankara 

35*5 

20<5S 

a 

38/10020*8 1 

Um 

29*4 

19*8 

* 

28*2 

18*4 sh 

Bmtana 

29*2 

21/70 1 

28*2 

21/70 s 

Mgmta 

21/70 

14*7 

l 

27*0 

18*4 ■ 

BMn 

27*0 

14*7 

a 

28/84 

19*0 > 

Bnnaab 

30*9 

17*2 

■ 

29*4 

18*4 ■ 

Budopos 

29/77 

18*4 

i 

26/78 

20*8 9 

Cepanhagwi 

28*2 

15*8 

a 

28*2 

18*4 « 

Costa Del Sol 32*8 

23/73 

P« 

29*4 

22/71 t 

Dubln 

19*8 

13*5 

«fi 

18*4 

11*2 pe 

EiMuipi 

18*4 

14*7 

4i 

18*4 

12/53 pc 

naan 

27*0 

18*4 

DC 

31*8 

19*8 a 

Frank! is 

28*2 

14/57 

• 

29*4 

19*6 * 

Qoma 

29*2 

17*2 

9 

29*4 

18*4 1 

Hebrtn 

sun 

18*1 

pc 23/73 

16*1 pc 

b«ar*J 

sun 

19*6 

pc 

32/88 

20*8 1 

Laa Patna 

27*0 

21/70 


27*0 

21/70 * 

LMbon 

27*0 

17*2 


24/75 

18*4 ( 

LonOon 

27*0 

17*2 


28/79 

16*1 9 

MadM 

38*7 

17*2 


33*1 

18*4 a 

Mian 

29*4 

19*6 


31*8 

21/70 9 

Moceoir 

27*0 

18*1 

pc 

27*0 

17*2 9 

Mratah 

29*7 

M<57 

s 

26/79 

17*2 s 

Wea 

27*0 

19*8 

■ 

28*2 

19*6 I 

ora 

sun 

17*2 

ah 28*2 

18*1 c 

P0ma 

27*0 

22/71 

* 

27*0 

sun 9 

Parti 

30*8 

18*4 

• 

30*8 

18*6 » 

Pra^ia 

26/78 

15/M 

PC 

27*0 

18*4 i 

Bvfank 

13/55 

11/52 


14*7 

9M8 pc 

Bon* 

77*0 

17/62 

5 

22*2 

17 *2 5 

51 FMonlug 27*0 

14/57 

P= 

27/80 

15*9 pc 

SlocHwfcn 

24/75 

17*2 

P= 

28/79 

17*2 pc 

Stanboun 

31*8 

17*2 

z 

31/88 

18*6 9 

Tafcwi 

23/73 

18*1 

pc 

24/75 

17*2 pc 

Vita 

77*0 

21 /TO 

pc 

29*4 

22/71 a 

Vnraa 

24/79 

17*8 

pc 

27*0 

18*8 s 

Warsaw 

27*0 

14*7 

3 

28*2 

18*4 t 

Zinh 

28*2 

16*1 

1 

29*4 

18*4 9 

Oceania 

AfjcHmd 

14*7 

7/44 

s 

15*9 

9/48 pc 

Epdnav 

18*1 

8/40 

til 

17*2 

8/48 pc 



jMM i m 


North America 

Interior areas around San 
Francisco and Los Angeles 
win be quite hoi with searing 
sunshine Tuesday Ihrooph 
Thursday RaUier hoi weath- 
er wfl occur in Phiadetphra 
and Washington. D C., dur- 
ing ihe middle o! the Mask. A 
tropical storm or hurricane 
could approach Hawaii by 
Wednesday 


Europe 

Warn, rafter suiny weather 
will be the rule Tuesday 
through Thursday horn Paris 
to Hamburg. Copenhagen 
and Berlin. Unusually coal 
weather lor midsummer is 
expected In Rome and 
Athens, and there will be 
Ames when a gusty wind a 
Mowing. Madrid wfll be lypi- 
caliy hot this weefc. 


Asia 

The remams at Typhoon T»n 
will cause Hooding rains 
across portions of eastern 
CMu Tuesday Into WeOwa- 
day and perhaps Into Seats 
Wednesday or Thursday. 
Tokyo will have rather hot 
and humid weather this 
week. Tropical Storm Vanes- 
sa will bnng heavy rains to 
Manila Tuesday. 


Asia 






HW. 

Loir 

W 

we> 

Low W 


OF 

OF 


OF 

OF 

Bun/poh 

32/89 

26/79 

Ml 32*8 

25/77 pc 

Ba/fro 

32*3 

24/75 

1 

33*1 

24/75 pc 

HongKoag 

31/88 

26/79 ah 31*8 

26 m pc 

Mania 

30*6 

24/75 

r 

31*8 

24/75 r 

New Can 

37*8 

2B« 


37*8 

28*2 PC 

Sa«4 

31*8 

22/71 

*h 

31*8 

23/73 pc 

snax^wi 

34/93 


i 

34/93 

26/79 pc 

Snppora 

32*9 

25/77 


32/89 

sun i 

Tap- 

31*8 

23/77 1 

33*1 

S/77 tt 

Tokyo 

28*2 

22/71 

t* 

30/86 

24/75 pe 

Africa 

Hg*n 

29*4 

2100 

, 

27*0 

21/70 pc 

Cape Tom 

18*1 

11*2 

pc 20*8 

13*5 pc 

CraMaio 

28*2 

19/66 

« 

sun 

10*8 s 

Hanm. 

21 /TO 

12(53 

1 

sun 

12*3 pc 


29*4 

24/75 

sh 

28*4 

24/75 pc 

Nw*> 

22/71 

11*2 


22/71 

11*2 pc 

Tiata 

30*8 

18*4 

■ 

28*4 

ISAM pc 

North America 


ACROSS 


nOnthetevef 


1 High iung on 
the evolutionary 
ladder 


ao River through 
Florence 


s Alternative lo a 
shower 


to Quatrain rhyme 
scheme 


14 Uke Irom 

. the blue 


is Environs 
i* Wise guy 
17 Popular 


chocolate 

snack 


si Mother - 

22 Help in crime 
ra Quad number 
a* Lock 

» Torah readers 
2B Forgiving one 
32 Oscar, e.g r 
aa Prefix with cycle 

34 Draft org- 

37 March events? 
40 Lofita 


Solution to Puxxlc of July 8 


Coyr 


Middle East 


Latin America 


Mud 

Honc**l 


Today 


M* Low W 


Bowl 

Cm 

Daroosan 

Jenodan 

IlHlf 

Biyoifi 


OF OF 

xve am 

XnS UUB4 

nw sons 

Tom ir«2 
39 ikb am 
«i/rtM2em 


Mgh Law W 
OF OF 
30JB6 23/71 s 
34IM 21/70 ■ 
23* 2048 S 
27/m 1946 ■ 
41 1108 22 T1 i 
44/111 27180 t 


BuanmAra* 


Legend: s-suvw. ocaaniy cloudy, e-dksudy. 
sn-www, wae. W-WnMt. AB mape, toraceete 


Tntay To 

Mgh Low W Wgn Low W 

CIF OF OF OF 

16*91 6>43 z 17HS2 B'K pc 

2944 1W96 pc 29*84 29.W pc 

18IB4 16.61 c 16X4 I5IS3 pc 

2405 12/13 pc N/75 13/55 ah 

19*6 UKT CC 22 71 16-81 sc 

17/62 4133 * 1661 3/37 pc 

Meet. tapes, 

deta pra4ded by Accu-Weeihcr, Inc. ; IBM 


L» Angalra 


L4M 

HanmCny 
Rw 
Senega 


NraYah 

Phoem 

SanFiwi 


Wnhtoglan 


14/B7 11/B2 
31 «M 32/71 
27/80 IB*4 
29184 ISM 
2082 141*57 
28im IBflM 
3148 23.73 
3349 23/73 
28/94 18*4 
32*8 24/75 
28/82 18*4 
23/73 11/52 
31 *8 25/77 
29*4 21/70 
44/11129*4 
21/78 13 15S 

26 m 11*2 

24/15 13/55 

30*6 21 no 


I 18*1 9446 c 

t 32 <88 21/70 pc 
e 27 1*7 19*8 pc 
pc 31*8 18*4 I 
pc 32 OR M«l ■ 

■ 29*4 17*2 I 
s 30*8 24/79 pc 
I 34*3 24/75 pc 
pc 30*9 19*6 pc 
I 32*9 29/77 pc 
I 27*0 17*2 1 
pc 24479 13*6 pc 
pa 32*9 24/73 pc 
l 30*6 21.70 pc 
S 43/10931/88 s 
z 22/71 13*5 m 

■ 27*0 13*5 pc 
pc 28/79 U/5B I 
1 33*1 21/70 pc 



42 Phony prefix 

43 Fond du — — , 
Wte. 

44 New Zeeland . 
native 

43 Where Spain 
and Portugal 
are 

45 Seasoning 
4e Afterward 
9f Kind of tahow 
S3 Singer Minnelli 
S4Klcic locate 

so Dumb 

eo Paid promotion: 
Abbr. 

ei Give up hard 
drink? 

ea Vegetarian's 
no-no 

M Sheltered 
as Similar 
•a Wan 
•7 Lease . 

•a Little ones 


4tLou£riana'-;*sii(i3i>> 


TBowere .W ’-vV® 



eSocUdb -A , 

» Tortoise's 
; competitor 

toGjaijgfl^...^ 

ii Ptacetoftiive 
‘bne'shtoct • 

" examined 

laBoutrfWRdtffls''"-'' vi-. 
laBoistHt 
■ ingredients 
leSetvm - • 


23 Hoedcwn , 

5 rmfskSari - ' 





r.'-irefiflKBghtty ; srRral notice 

■41^0. Natan 

r-''.^anteihflLar 
^ ~ baloney 

ear *- Vtate • " • 


War deity . 

4m Hanfly an 
underperformer 


M Shortened 


i Criticizes 
i Not at home 


DOWN 

1 1 t’s a lough 
2 ‘Deutschland 
— Allas' 
a Daybreak 
4 What's more 

s To the 

degree 


27 Coming -of-6g& 
pvent ; 

se Cross -one’a- 
heert garment- 

ao Play on words - 
31 Some 
as Dried 
as Agitata 
36 Unit of com, 

ao Phys. orchem. 
3ii Baby food" 

. 4e “Reds’ star 
47 Out of bed. . 


ri 


ri 

ri 

■! 

ri 

■ 

a 

3 

m 

F 

R 

a 

a 

Bi 

m 

H 

a 


ril 



iby HM — yL ll p h t Pn 

O. -Metp York Time s Edited by Will Shorn. 


Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


AOTAocessNimibefi 
Hd^to^asctindtberaid. 

2. Using the chanbdow, find the country you are calling firxn 
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ASIA 


COUNTRY 

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Australia 


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AOCZSS NUMBER - 

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COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 
Bnctfl! 


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Guam 


018-872 


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000-8010 


00a-0312 




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QmkMcOi 


980-11-0010 




001-801-10 


0600-890-110 


Ecuador 
H Salvador** 


114 


:^-\ a 


.119 


Japan*. 


Oigg-m NRhedretds* 


19a-0013 


190 


Korea 


009-11 


IX* 


Norway 

PotataTi- 


8WH90-U Honduras**" 


190 . 


165 


123 


Malaysia* 


Scar Zealand 


8000011 Pc 


000^11 


O*QIQ^8O-011x MeadopAAA 9 5-800-462-4240 

050I7-lg88" 'lflcaragnttMafwflp^ 


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EUROPE 

. ... . aaJ08Xt: 

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001 -800-200- Ull 

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