Skip to main content

Full text of "International Herald Tribune , 1994, France, English"

See other formats


J*jJJ LJ* VSd> 




• T 



I 


Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 



** 


Paris, Tuesday, July 12, 1994 


No. 34,638 


Clinton Gives Kohl Plan 
For Special Relationship 


Dollar Sellers 


a Signal 
To America 

By Lawrence Malkin 

International Herald Tribute 

NEW YOR.K — The dollar 
plunged against the yen and major 
European currencies Monday .in a 
rout that sent a message to the Federal 
Reserve to raise interest rates and to 
the Clinton administration to stop ne- 
glecting America's currency. 

After leaders from the Group of 
Seven industrialized countries left 
th eir weekend s ummi t mu ring with- 
out even mentioning the dollar in their 
communique, the currency lost almost 
four pfennigs against the Deutsche 
mark to bottom at the lowest point in 
20 mouths. 

The dollar also feS to another in a 
series of postwar lows against the yen 
and to a 13-month low against the 
pound. 

The dollar closed Monday in New 
York at 1.5280 DM, down from 
1 .5610 Friday, at 1.2890 Swiss francs, 
down from 13 1 60, and at 5.2525 
French francs, down from 53650. The 
dollar dosed at 97.725 yen, downfmm 
98.055. The pound strengthened to 
SI 3720 from $13495. 

Dealers said the dollar would have 
weakened eves further against the yen 
if not for the death of the North Kore- 
an leader, Kim II Sung. Uncertainty in 
Asia prompted some of those dump- 
ing dollars to exchange them for Euro- 
pean currencies instead of yen. 

There were as many explanations 
for what had turned a steady erosion 
into a major seDoff as there were ex-' 
peris and analysts. Most agreed with 
Bronwyn Curtis, of Nomura Securi- 
ties Co. in London, that the Clinton 

a dminis tration had helped bring this 

on itself by talking down die dollar to 
gain a trade advantage a gainst Japan, 
thus upselling the normal cycle of 
Japanese companies r einv es tin g their 
export, profits in doflar-deopnanated 
bonds;" ■ ‘ ' • • ; * 

“But what made the spiral so deep, 
and when does it stop?” she asked. 
“I’ve spent hours on the phone in 
international conference calls today, 
and there is ho clear answer" 

Wayne Angefl, an inflation hawk 
who served as vice chairman of the 
Federal Reserve Board and is now 
chief economist at Bear Stems & Co., 
said the Fed was faffing way behind in 
raising interest rates. If the Fed waits 
for the August meeting of the policy- 
setting Federal Open Market Com- 
mittee to tighten, it will have to raise 
short-term rates a full percent 
point, to 535 percent, Mr. Angell 
clients. 

He said he expected a quarter-point 
raise well before then. A signal could 
come on July 20, when Alan Green- 
span, the chairman of the Federal Re- 
serve Board, appears before Congress 
for his semiannual report on the Fed* s 
targets. . . .. 

In the meantime, many traders ana 
analysts focused on the international 
bond market and what the Federal 
Reserve could do to stabilize it. More 

See DOLLAR, Page 8 


An Aid Alliance 



By Thomas L. Friedman 

New York 77mes Serriee ■■ 

BERLIN —Acknowledging that a unit- 
ed Germany is now the powerhouse of 
Europe, President BID CEnloh urged the 
Germans on Mooday to become America’s 
main partners in integra ting former East 
European Communist nations with tire 
economic and military institutions of the 
West. 

Mr. Clinton’s basic message was that the 
German- American mfHtflr y alliance of the 
Cold War, which had the United States in 

President CXnton sad Onueelor KoH deah 
OBStrate their chantry again. Page 3. 

a superior role, must be replaced with a 
more equal partnership focused on eco- 
nomics and the unification of Europe. 

Mr. Clinton noted: “Trade, as much as 
troops, will increasingly define the ties that 
bind nations in the 21st century.” 

American officials make clear that they 
view the other European countries, such as 
Britain and France, are either too econom- 
ically weak, or too inward 1 oolong, to play 
a leadership role in Europe. 

The “medal relationship” is increasing- 
ly with Germany. 

Chancellor Helmut Kohl said after his 
talks with President din ton that his nation 
was ready to assume the more assertive 
posture Washington is seeking. 

. - “Tfcc.excuse that wehad for the past 40 
years was that as a divided country we 
were unable to takecertain decisions,” said 
Mr. Kohl. “That is something that is no 
.longer valid.". 

Mr. Clinton and Mr. Kohl said they did 
not discuss the American dollar, which fell 
1 percent- Monday against the Deutsche 
marie — a huge amount for a single day — 
closing in Frankfurt at 13495 DM. 

. . American officials have rationalized the 
fall of the dollar against the Japanese yen 
as the natural result of Japan’s huge trade 
ampins with the United States, but the fall 
. of . the dollar agains t the Deutsche mark 
has to be deeply worrying because it sug- 
gests a broader loss of confidence. 

. Mr. Clinton, the first American presi- 
dent to visit Germany since unification, is 

in history. 

Tuesday.he will preside over the deacti- 
vafion of the last American military unit in 
Berlin, wheref there has been a U.S. troop 
presence for 49 years. 

- By coincidence, the German high court 
is expected to rale Tuesday, probably in 
the affirmative, on the constitutionality of 
.German troop participation in military op- 
erations beyond tire country's borders. 

And Germany is finally coming out of 
the recession created by the demands of 
absorbing the former East Gennanv. 

- President Clinton timed ins trip here to 
put America firmly on the tide of an asser- 
tive German leadership posture. 

After talks between President Clinton 
and Chancellor Kohl at the Gentian lead- 
er’s office in Bonn, Mr. Clinton said at a 
news conference: “We know from our ex- 
. perience how half erf Europe was integrat- 
ed through NATO and other institutions 
that bmlt stability after World War IL 
“At the heart of our discussion today 
was what we have to do to integrate Eu- 
rope’s other half,- the new independent 
nations: Poland, the Baltic countries, Rus- 
sia, Ukraine, Hungary, the Czech Repub- 
lic, Slovak Republic and others." 

- While all tbe.attentioD in the past-year 

, See CLINTON, Page 5 


Kiosk 


Israeli Troops Hunt 
Militants in Nablus 

NABLUS, Israeli-Occupied West 
Bank (AF) — Israeli troops paralyzed 
the largest West Bank city Monday 
during extensive searches for Mamie 
militants, besieging a home in the war- 
ren-like casbah. and killing two Pales- 
tinian men. „ 

The two dead were behevod respon- 
sible for attacks on Israelis, but the 
army kept the story under censorsmp 
for more than 1 1 hours. ^ 

The 110,000 people in Nabta*™ 
kilometers north of jentsaler^ were 
under curfew,, with 
banned. Tension a nsm* “ 

Bank, where residents Ted Pales- 
tinian self-rule plan m Gaza and the 
West Bank town of Jericho has done 
little to ease Israel’s occupation. 

Cw-rt* ***** . 

latest EU front-runner. Ks *se *■ 


Book Review 
Chess 

Crossword 


Paged. 
Page 18. 


WORLD CUP ***•/ GRANDSTAND 


tforo in Sweden's Net 

Thomas Ravriti, the Swedish goal- 
keeper, may be his team’s oldest play- 
er at 34, bur he still had enough fire in 
his heart to become the hero of a 
penalty-kick shootout with Romania. 
Thanks to his two blocked shots, 
Sweden advanced to a semifinal 
against Brazil.. 

New World Soccer Order 

There is a-new.world order develop- 
ing in soccer, decentralized and un- 
predictable, and as stirring as the last 
postwar order, which began with 
Hungary’s 1954 final upset by West 
Germany, Ian Thomsen writes. The 
new deal began to seep in with Den- 
mark’s 1992 victory over Germany in 
the European Championships and it 
has spread to Eastern Europe, where 
Bulgaria and Romania used to be 
isolated and inexperienced. Bat now 
their players have seen the world, and 
. they aren’t so easily intimidated. 

Wednesday’s smaffim! Ma t ch—. HaJy vs. 
Bulgaria, at East Rutherford. New Jersey, 
2005 GMT; Brazil vs. Sweden, at Pasadena, 
ca&fomia. 2335 GMT. 

World Cup report Pages Wand 17 


mews dand prices 

Andorra. ^ 

Antilles.. Qatar A00 Rials 

Cememon-1-f CFA n^oFF 

Egypt g Jpp saudl Arabia-.. ?.oa_R. 

| g-^BSS 
?SSSS jlfSS 
SHSf-SvS StSc^SSS 

Lebanon ... USSi su u. 


Dow Jones 



The Dollar 

— 




predouEdwa 


DM 


1.528 


1561 


Pound 


1572 


15495 


Yen 


97.725 


98.055 


FF 


52525 


5.365 



Luke Fiatu/AtKiKc France- Preu 

President Bill Cfinton and Chancellor Helmut Kohl congratulating each other Monday after their sews conference. 

Ukraine and Belarus Throw Out Leaders 


By Fred Hiatt 

Washington Post Serna 

KIEV — Angry voters in Ukraine and 
neighboring Belarus have cast their leaders 
out of office, registering strong protests 
ova* the corruption and economic hard- 
ship of post-Soviet life, officials said Mon- 
day in releasing results of Sunday’s elec- 
tions. 

Thepresidents-elect of Ukraine and Be- 
larus both swept into office with promises 
to impose order, crack down on corrup- 
tion, unprove living standards and broad- 
en economic ties with their giant neighbor 
to the east, Russia. ' 


The victories dramatically shifted the 
political landscape in the territory between 
Russia and Central Europe and heralded a 
period of change and potential instability 
m two nations that have been more timid 
than Russia in embarking on free market 
reforms. 

Ukraine, the larger of Russia's two Slav- 
ic neighbors with 52 million people, chose 
as its next president Leonid S. Kuchma, a 
former prime minister and engineer. 

Mr. Kuchma, 55, who once headed the 
Soviet Union’s biggest missile factory, 
vowed to maintain Ukraine’s indepen- 


dence, but said the nation must turn to 
Russia for economic ties. 

With more than 52 percent of the vote, 
according to preliminary figures, he de- 
feated the incumbent, Leonid M. Krav- 
chuk. 60, who was believed to have enjoyed 
the tacit support of the United States and 
other Western countries. 

Belarus, a nation of 10 million electing a 
president for the first lime, gave 80 percent 
of its vote to populist Alexander Luka- 
shenko, a former collective farm director. 

See ELECTIONS, Page 5 


ia Softens Hard Line on Dissident 


By Philip Shenon 

New York Tima Service 

RANGOON — The head of Burmese 
military intelligence said Monday that he 
would accept an invitation to meet with 
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the imprisoned 
dissident leader and Nobel laureate, in a 
demonstration of his government’s will- 
ingness to “work hand in hand with politi- 
cians who have opposed us in the past.” 

The intelligence chief. Lieutenant Gen- 
eral Khin Nyunt is often described os the 
most powerful man in the government, 
and a meeting with Daw Aung San Suu 
Kyi would be an important symbolic step 
towards political reform. 

General Khin Nyunt did not set a date 
for the meeting and suggested that the 


timing could be decided only after further 
deliberations within the junta. ‘The meet- 
ing will take place at an appropriate time.” 
he said in an interview m which he was 
notably conciliatory toward the pro-de- 
mocracy leader, a woman he described in 
the past as a dnpe of Burmese Commu- 
nists. 

“Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is cot an 
enemy," be said. “In fact she is the daugh- 
ter of one of our generals. She is younger 
than me. and I think of her like a younger 
sister." 

Noting that the junta had recently 
signed peace settlements with several eth- 
nic rebel groups, he added, “We are willing 
to work hand in hand with the politicians 
who have opposed us in the past.” 


General Khin Nyunt said it was too 
early to discuss an agenda for the meeting 
with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who on July 
20 will enter her sixth year under house 
arrest in her family’s lakeside compound 
here. 

Diplomats and other Burmese officials 
said the meeting would almost certainly 
not take place until after a national consti- 
tutional convention reconvenes in Septem- 
ber. 

The convention, which is being conduct- 
ed mostly outside public view and under 
the tight control of the country's military, 
is expected to produce a constitution that 
will enshrine the military's political role 

See BURMA, Page 5 


Kim Jong II 
Makes Public 
Appearance 
With Military 

Heads of Forces Gather 
Around Designated Heir 
As Father Lies in State 

By T. R. Reid 

Washington Part Service 

SEOUL — Kim Jong IL the mysterious 
man who may become the next dictator of 
Communist North Korea, made his first 
public appearance in weeks on Monday 
night, presiding over an elaborately emo- 
tional mourning ceremony beside his fa- 
ther’s glass-covered coffin. 

A brief videotape from Pyongyang’s 
state-run television showed the 52-year- 
old son, wearing a black arm band on his 
gray Mao suit and weeping into a handker- 
chief, with all (he nation’s military leader- 
ship gathered around him at the Presiden- 
tial Palace where the late ruler Kim □ Sung 
lies in state. 

Family members that some analysts 
think might be competing for power — the 
ruler’s second wife, Kim Song Ae, and her 
son, Kim — were not visible. 

Again on Monday. North Korean 
broadcasts referred to Kim Jong n with 
such titles as “Excellency" and “Great 
Leader," titles previously reserved for his 
father, the only ruler in North Korea since 
its creation after World War IL 

But there was still no announcement 
that his son has successfully taken control 
of what is called a hermit state and its 
million-member military force. 

South Korean officials said a formal 
declaration could come in days, or weeks, 
or never, depending on how successfully 
the son maneuvers in the immediate fu- 
ture. 

The South Korean foreign minister, Han 
Sung Joo, said experts in Seoul believed 
Kim Jong H was “most likely" to take over 
as ruler. But Mr. H«i said the lack of a 
dear decision so far makes South Korea 
somewhat wary of the prospects for a 
North-South summit meeting. 

A summit meeting between Kim D Sung 
and President Kim Young Sam — the first 
such session since the Korean Peninsula 
was split into two countries — had been 
scheduled for July 25. 

The North sent a brief notice Monday 
saying that the summit meeting must be 
“postponed" because of the death of Kim 
11 Sung. 

On Saturday, South Korean officials 
said they would be willing to go ahead with 
a meeting as soon as the North named a 
new president. 

But Seoul’s foreign minister was more 
reserved on Monday, indicating that the 
South would not agree to such a meeting 
until some North Korean leader could 
demonstrate actual control. 

"If and when a new environment that is 
conducive to holding a summit arises, dis- 
cussions for the inter-Korean summit will 
resume,” Mr. Han said. 

Plans for the long-awaited summit ses- 
sion “maybe will go back to Square Two," 
Mr. Han added. 

That means, he said, that the principle 
of a summit meeting is still in place, but "a 
new negotiation will have to take place” 
between the two Koreas about the time 
and conditions for a summit meeting, after 
the power transition in the North is com- 
pleted. 

Mr. Han said that North Korea’s high- 
level talks with the U.S. in Geneva would 
be delayed indefinitely. 

“We have obviously lost a few days to a 
few weeks in Geneva,*as the North Korean 
delegation has to go back to Pyongyang 
and wait until after the funeral for its 
directions.” 

Mr. Han said that South Korea has seen 
“nothing that contradicts the announce- 
ment of the cause of death.” 

Some officials speculated that he might 
have been the victim of a palace coup, 
perhaps from hard-liners who opposed ms 
moves toward negotiation with the United 
States and South Korea. 

Pyongyang has said no foreigners will be 
admitted for the funeral. 

Just three weeks ago, Mr. Kim was host 
for a visit by former President Jimmy Car- 
ter. and Mr. Carter served as go-between 
in arranging the North-South summit 
meeting. 

But according to Mr. Han and other 
South Korean officials, Mr. Carter was 
rebuffed on Saturday when he contacted 
Pyongyang and asked about attending the 
funeral. 


For East German Diplomats, the Cookie Crumbles 

By Stephen Kinzer 

New York rime* Seme 

BERLIN — The group of slightly shabby retirees 
chatting outside a library in eastern Berlin one recent 
afternoon hardly looked like former members of an 
international elite,' at ease in the company of kings and 


3 ; 


! elite, 

presidents. 

Until 1990, these men and women were East Germa- 
n’s diplomats, among them specialists with unique webs 

contacts in foreign lands. They are now banned from 
diplomatic service, forbidden to ’practice the only trade 
most of them know. 

No longer do they enjoy the privileges of large staffs, 
limousines, official residences and gilt-edged invitations 
to state functions. 

Many five anonymously in drab apartments, the glitter 
of their former fives fading into memory. 

Some, brooding in their forced retirement, have be- 
come angry and embittered. Others have found new 


careers and are making more money than East German 
functionaries ever dreamed of. 

The former diplomats have formed a club, the Associ- 
ation for International Politics and Human Rights. At 
their recent meeting in Berlin, the chairman, Siegfried 
Bock, a former ambassador to Romania, announced 
seminars on Cuba, Russia and “the Albanian factor in 
Balkan politics." 

He also announced that the association had recently 
sent congratulatory telegrams to Nelson Mandeb and 
Yasser ArafaL 

“In South Africa and Palestine, goals for which East 
Germany and its diplomats fought for years arc being 
achieved," Mr. Bock asserted. 

Nearly 200 former diplomats in the audience repre- 
sented an aging but unique resource, a veritable foreign- 
miniun ry-in- waiting with sweeping knowledge of lan- 
guages. history and personalities. 

However, the German government, fearful of the im- 


plications of hiring diplomats who spent their careers 
serving communism, wants nothing to do with them. 
Bonn did not even seek to debrief them or ask them for 
suggestions on how to deal with the countries in which 
they once served. 

Many of the unwanted diplomats have found lucrative 
work in countries where they were posted. Former am- 
bassadors to China and Vietnam, for example, now run 
thriving businesses representing European companies in 
those countries. 

A former ambassador to Cuba runs a travel agency 
that specializes in Havana vacations. 

Others, particularly those who were at lower and 
middle levels, now work as cooks and taxi drivers. A few 
are unemployed and without prospects. 

For a brief period while German reunification was 
being designed in 1990, it appeared (hat at least some 

See ENVOYS, Pages 


-4 











Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 12 , 1994 


A ‘Lightweight 9 Leader May Be What EU Powers Want world br iefs 


By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — Die European Union nar- 
rowed its search for a successor to Jacques De- 
fers on Monday but Elf sources said the process 
r appeared to have eliminated the best qualified 
candidates. 


Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Germany on 
Monday formally summoned the other 1 1 heads 


of government to a summit meeting here Friday 
'to anoint a candidate for the presidency of the 
European Commission. The move increased 
pressure on his colleagues to agree on a candi- 
date and avoid a repeal of the embarrassing 
failure in Greece two weeks ago, when Prime 
. Minister John Major of Britain vetoed Belgium's 
Jean-Luc Dehaene at the last minute. 

The latest front-runner, EU sources said, was 
Prime Minister Jacques San ter of Luxembourg. 
He enjoys solid German and French backing. 


sources say, and as a Christian Democrat from a 
small member state, he has the right credentials 
to replace Mr. Dolors, a French Socialist. 

But despite being regarded as an able man, he 
packs little clout as leader of the Union’s small- 
est country. “Our feeling is he's a lightweight," a 
Belgian official said. 

The other name most often mentioned. Foul 
Schluter, the former Danish prime minister, is 
skeptical of European integration. His country 
has opted out of the Union’s common defense 
and justice policies. 

Mr. Schluter, who resigned 18 months ago 
over an immigration scandal, is best known for 
his dismissive response in 1986 when asked if 
Denmark was giving up its sovereignty in signing 
the Single European Act, which paved the way 
for the 1992 single market. ‘The European 
Union is stone dead,” he replied. 

Asked about the two men's merits, a German 


official said that “both are basically acceptable 
to aD member states.” 


But that comment underlines the dn«nma 
facing EU leaders. Stronger candidates have 
been either vetoed, like Mr.Dehacne, rejected by 


France and Germany, as was the Dutch prime 
minis ter, Ruud Lubbers, or pulled themselves 
out of the running, as Spam's Felipe Gouz&lez 
has done. 


Despite the German contention that this is the 
most important job in Europe, leaders seem 
likely to reach agreement only on the lowest 
common denominator, EU officials said. That is 
especially the case after Mr. Major said Monday 
that he stood ready to veto any candidate not in 
Britain’s interest. 

Still, it is impossible to predict how any candi- 
date will perform. Mr. Defers showed as much 
by being plucked from relative obscurity at the 
last minute in 1984, only to lead Europe into the 


single-market program and the Maastricht trea- 
ty, which envisages a Europe with a common 
currency, defease and justice policies. 

But European officials axe bracing for little 
more than a caretaker successor at the commis- 
sion who wffl leave die initiative very much to 
Bonn. Paris and other capitals as Europe beads 
for a 1996 conference to redesign institutions for 
a Union of 20 or more members. 

‘They’re not looking for a very visionary Eu- 
ropean,” an EU official said. ‘They’re looking- 
for a down-to-earth, pedestrian sort of president 
who would emphasize subsidiarity and not put 
forward very difficult proposals." “Subsidiarity” 
is EU talk for Htmting the role of the Brussels 
bureaucracy. 

Among die other candidates is CHuliauo 
Amato, the former Italian prime monster But he 
has obtained little support from the new conser- 
vative government of Prime. Minister Silvio 

Berlusconi. ■ 


Outlawed Kluiicr Rouge Pro claims 
Cambodia 'Provisional Govenubent’ 


, claimed a proviac>n^«m^ 

Cambodia, amove swiftly disnussedas 

here in the Cambodian capital “Hue National Asscnblyhas 

already passed a law outlawing the Khmer Rouge, Cabinet 

Mimei rr Snk An .■aid. “They are outlaws. ; ' 

In a broadest monitored in Bangiifc, «feo 

named Khieu Samphan as prune tnmister and anny 

in a Provisional Government fa* National Solidarity and 

thoNatioDri Salvation 

at a “soedal mcetma” 


U.S. Expects Talks 
With North Korea 
To Resume Soon 


Compiled bjr Of Staff From Dispatches 

WASHINGTON — The 
chief U.S. delegate to nuclear 
talks with North Korea said 
Monday that he expected the 
suspended negotiations to re- 
sume by the end of this month. 

“We have said ‘in the coming 
weeks' and I expect that is very 
likely to be before the end of the 
month, ” said Assistant Secre- 
tary of State Robert L. Gal- 
lucci, “but I can't be certain of 
that.” 

Mr. Gallucci, who has been 
conducting negotiations with 
the North Koreans, made his 
comments on television from 
Geneva after he had been in- 
formed that the meetings were 
being suspended because of the 
death of President Kim II Sung. 

Asked if he had assurances 
that the North Korean presi- 
dent's death did not mean the 
end of the talks, Mr. Gallucci 
said: 

T think we have the closest 
thing to assurances. We have an 
! agreement that after the period 
of mourning, which will end 
with a funeral on the 17th of 
! this month, that the North Ko- 
reans wiQ contact us through 
their mission in New York and 
give us a date which they will 
propose for the resumption of 
our talks.” 

He said the United Stales 
was “reasonably certain” that 
the negotiations would go for- 
ward. 

• The talks represented an un- 
usual opening to the West in 
one of the last acts ordered by 
Kim D Sung. 

Their continuity is a high 


U.S. priority, providing the 
North Koreans keep their word 
on allowing continued United 
Nations monitoring of their nu- 
clear installations. 

In Bonn on Monday, Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton said: “I think 
it is in the interest of the United 
States that North Korea contin- 
ue to suspend its reprocessing 
refueling, and continue to en- 
gage in those talks. They have 
told us that the talks will re- 
sume after an appropriate time 
for grieving." 

Mr. Galluod said that in a 
meeting with the North Korean 
delegation leader, Kang Sok Ju, 
the first deputy foreign minis- 
ter, he was told, “in effect, that 
we should expect that the policy 


jursued by President Kim fl 
Sung would be continued by the 


Kim Jong II Appears 
On Track to Take Over 


Compiled by Of Staff From Dispatches 

SEOUL — There were strong 
signs from Pyongyang on Mon- 
day that Kim Jong D, the reclu- 
sive heir-apparent, was moving 
smoothly to succeed his father 
as leader of North Korea. 

Most importantly, the securi- 


ty forces, which are the pillar of 
the regime, expressed their loy- 


alty to the son, according to a 
broadcast by Radio Pyongyang, 
monitored by the BBC 
“Recalling the glorious, bril- 
liant and revolutionary life and 
the immortal achievements of 
the great leader Comrade Kim 
II Sung ... they are warmly 
overflowing with a revolution- 



ary zeal to endlessly consum- 
mate the juche revolutionary 
cause under the dear leader 
Comrade Kim Jong H's leader- 
ship,” Radio Pyongyang said 
Juche is the doctrine of self- 
reliance put in place by the el- 
der Kim, who ruled the country 
for nearly SO years until his 
death last week. 

Rodong Sinmun, the daily 
newspaper of the Commonist 
Party, added its voice of praise. 

“His tested leadership,” the 
paper said definitely guaran- 
tees the successful inheritance 
and accomplishment through 
generations of the revolution- 
ary cause of juche, started and 
I ted by Comrade Kim II Sung. 

“We will entrust our destiny 
entirely to Comrade Kim Jong 
I II and remain loyal and devoted 
to him. No matter what may 


***** 


happen, we must accomp! 
i the cause of socialism and bi 


HOTEL METROPOLE 
GENEVE 


Stnce 1854 


the cause of socialism and Build 
on this land a Communist para- 
dise where the independence of 
the popular masses is fully 
achieved, thus realizing what 
the great leader desired” 


A PRIVILEGED PLACE! 


A top-level meeting of the 
orth Korean ruling party was 


Trie only Grand Hotel 
located in the heart of 
Geneva's business 
and shopping center. 
Air conditioned 


North Korean ruling party was 
apparently under way in 
Pyongyang, according to a for- 


eign journalist there reached by 
telephone from Benina. 


3d. qua GenemHauban 
1211 Geneva3 
Tati (41-22) 311 1344 
TelOC 421560 - toe 311 1350 


telephone from Beijing. 

“A large number of official 
cars, most of them belonging to 
members of the party's Central 
Committee, were seen in front 
of the Palace of People’s Cul- 
ture," he said 

(AP, Reuters, AFP) 


Promote 

Foreign 

Affairs 





able king of the Khmer nation, the raAosam. 

By some counts, as much as a sixth of Cambodia is under 
control of the Khmer Rouge, which boycotted UN-sponsored 
riec tit ms last year and began hrt-mw-run raids on government 
positions: The ultraaationaHst, Maoist faction was blamed for the 
death of .about a million Cambodians in a fotmyearmgn of terror 
in the 1970s. 


A Neo-Nazi Songf est Sparks Furor 

POTSDAM, Germany (Renters) -r A senior German police 


officer was suspended from duty Monday far failure to 
farsight concert from taking pla ce in the eastern town c 
dart. Orders had been issued to stp|> it- 


irevent a 
RCdcrs- 


Them^Srtad called on all police' stations to use all Tegal 
means* to stop the rightists from gathering. Police officers stood 
ty and failed tainlerfereL The ministry haslaunched an investiga- 
tion. 


anrnvestiga- 


IRA Says It Killed Ulster Activist 

BELFAST (Reuters) — The Msh Rcpublican Army churned 
responsibility an Monday for the tiffing of a Protestant activist in 
his home in Lisburn, Northern Ireland In a message to the media, 
the IRA admitted fritting Raymond Smallswood, 44, chairman of 
the small Ulster Democratic Party. 

Mr. Smallswood had served seven years in jail for has part in the 
attempted murder of an Irish nationalist politician, Be rn a d ette 
DevfinMcABskey, in 1981. 

Police said he died in a hospital shortly after the attack, which 
was carried out on the eve of. the so-called Protestant marching 
season that marks the 1690 victory of WSHam of Orange over the 
Catholic James n at the Jtattle of the Boyne. 


Sung would be continued by the 
new government. 

“That policy, as we knew it, 
in recent weeks brought us an 
agreement to a freeze on their 
nuclear program, in the active 
portions of their program, so we 
anticipate therefore that as a 
basis for the continuation of the 
talks, that freeze will remain in 
place, and as the president has 
noted, we have — IAEA has its 
inspectors on the scene, and if 
that were not to be the case, we 
would know immediately.” he 
said. 




Ancr Nanfaafl/Thc Anaduod Ftdi 

Two Rwandans carrying an injured relative home during the weekend alter detention camps were opened in Ki g ali. 


Hong Kong Airport Impasse Widens 


France ‘Fervently’ Seeks UN Troops for Rwanda 


Reuters 

UNITED NATIONS. New York — 
Prime Minister Edouard Bahadur said 
Monday that France had fulfilled its 
mission in Rwanda and that it was tune 
for the United Nations to send troops 
and humanitarian aid to head off a fresh 


He was referring to the Inter- 
national Atomic Energy Agen- 


cy, which monitors nuclear en- 
ergy programs to see that they 
are not diverted for military 
uses. North Korea’s program is 
widely suspected of being part 
of a covert arms effort. 


crisis. 

Mr. Balladur told the Security Council 
that France would make available to a 
UN war crimes commission information 
it had gathered on those responsible for 
hundreds of thousands of deaths of mi- 
nority Tutsi in Rwanda. 

“The perpetrators of the massacres 
will be held liable for their acts before 


the international community," he said. 

Mr. RalTadur and Foreign Minister 
Alain Juppfc came to New York on a 
four-hour visit to speak to the lS-metn- 
ber council and senior UN officials. 

He said France was “fervently seek- 
ing" reinforcements for the UN Assis- 
tance Mission in Rwanda, which “should 
be deployed as soon as possible.” 

The prime minister said, “The French 
and Senegalese forces in Rwanda c ann ot 
take the place of the operation decided 


Military sources said the town might fall 
in a day. 


Aid agencies in the eastern .Zairean 
border town of Goma said they were 


HONG KONG (Reuters) — One of China's senior officials 
tee said on Mrinday that substantive problems must be resolved 
before a long-awaited agreement' can.be reached on funding the 
cotany’s newanport. 

Zheng Guoxiong, a deputy director in Hong Kong for the 
Xinhua news agency, China's^ dc facto consulate, blamed the 
British for the impasse. 

Britain and Omni sgned the pardamnwy- agreement in 1991, 
but China has since naected three farfsag proposals on the 
grounds they would saddle Bring Kong wife debt after its rever- 
sion in. 1997. 


bracing for up. to a million displaced 
people after the northwestern town of 


people after the northwestern town of 
Ruhengeri fell and rebels pushed on to 
the lakeside bolder town .of Gisenyi, last 
refuge for Rwanda’s interim govern- 
ment. 


upon by the Security Council.’ 
As Mr. Balladur spoke, -Rwai 


As Mr. Balladur spoke, -Rwandan re- 
bels dosed in Monday on the last xnqor 
town between them and the government 1 


Ruhengeri is the only major strong- 
hold between the Tutri-donunated 
Rwanda Patriotic Front and the Hutu, 
government, which Tied earlier rebd of- 
fensives to GisenyL 


ROME (Reuters) — Prime - Minis ter Silvio Berlusconi was 
embroiled m controversy on Monday oviear accusations that he had 
renewed a bid to take control of Italy’s state broadcaster, RAL 
- Thefederate Northern League, Wgestpntuer in the coalition 
government, said Mr. Bedusooni was trying to make RAI subser- 
vient to bis Foiz&Itafia Partyby packing its new board. - 
r Umberto BossL-theNortfad^keagneleatewsaid RALmust not 
b ecome an instrument of pofiEcal mfcMmaliori fOr Focrza Italia 
Mr. Berfes«»H’s affiieS say : the r a2mg network has been muman- 
aged and needs restructuring. 


Ex-Chief of CIA 
Raises Possibility 
Kim Was Killed 


11 Are Killed by Gunmen in Algiers 


Turkish Cypriots Gose Border Point 


NICOSIA ^(AP)— Turkish Cypriots dosed the crossing point 
betw-xn fee norm and south of this divided island Monday to 


7 F oreigners Among Yicthns, Police Blame Terrorists 


WASHINGTON — Robert 
M. Gates, the former CIA di- 
rector, said Monday he would 
not rule out the possibility feat 
President Kim 11 Sung of North 
Korea was killed by hard-liners 
wary of the tack he was taking 
wife the United States and 
South Korea. 


“I think there is some small 
chance that he met his end oth- 
er than with a heart attack,” 
said Mr. Gates, who headed the 
CIA from November 1991 to 
January 1993. Mr. Gates said 
such a plot was not the most 
likely explanation, “but it can’t 
be dismissed.” If it did mm out 
that the 82-year-old leader was 
killed, it could be bad news for 
future relations. 


He said he believed Kim Jong 
D, the president’s son and desig- 
nated successor, was “some- 
thing of a flake,” based on the 
information he had Mien he 
headed the CIA. 


“Frankly, I think he will have 
to bend in a direction feat is 
congenial to fee North Korean 
generals. And I don’t think 
that's very encouraging.” 

Mr. Gates said the timing of 
Mr. Kim's death, just as North 
Korea held fresh talks wife fee 
United States and planned its 
first-ever summit meeting with 
South Korea, was “all too con- 
venient” and raised suspicions 
in the case of a man not known 
to have had cardiac problems. 


Agence Fnmce-Prtsse 

ALGIERS — Gunmen killed 
eleven people Monday in Al- 
giers, seven of them foreigners, 
prompting concern that Islamic 
fundamentalist guerrillas are 
intensifying a terror campaign. 

There was no immediate 
daim of responsibility for the 
attacks, but Algerian security 
services described them as “ter- 
rorist” acts, a term normally 
used by officials to refer to ac- 
tivities by armed Islamic 
groups. 

In one attack, gunmen 
opened fire on a restaurant in 
the Algiers Zoo, killing two Al- 
gerians and two persons from 
fee former Yugoslavia while 
they were eating lunch. 

Earlier, five foreign workers 
were taken off a bus in an Al- 
giers suburb, separated from 
Algerian passengers, forced to 
kneel and shot, witnesses said. 

One of the victims was Rus- 
sian, one Ukrainian and two 
woe from Belarus, a spokes- 
man for the Russian Embassy 
in Algiers said, in a report car- 
ried in Moscow by fee agency 
Itar-Tass. The fifth was from 
Romania. The Algerian govem- 
tocai had initially said they 
were all Russian. 

In a third attack, gunmen 
kxQed two Algerian officials late 


Monday, the security services 
announced 

Mohammed Bekkouche, di- 
rector of fee National Veteri- 
nary College, was IdQed in the 
eastern suburbs of Algiers while 
OuramdaneAmokrane, general 
director of fee National Profes- 
sional Training and Equipment 
Agency, was shot in Birkha- 
denr south of the capital. 

Officials said the circum- 
stances of fee shootings were 
not dear. 

The victims of the bus shoot- 
ing wore contract workers with 
the state oil company and were 
cm their way to work in Algiers 
when the bus was halted 


Russia said it was “very seri- 
ously worried” by fee attack 
and asked fee Algerian govern- 
ment to “take tte necessary 
measures to ensure the safety” 
of foreigners. It called it “a mat- 
ter of fee first importance” for 
Moscow. 

Tbe violence came less than a 
week after seven Italian sailors 
died in an attack blamed on 
fundamentalists. The Italian 
news agency ANSA reported 
that police had arrested .two 
subjects in the killings. 

With the latest deaths, Islam- 
ic fundamentalists are believed 
responsible for the deaths of 51 
foreigners since last September. 


About 1,000 Turkish Cypriot demonstrators blocked move- 
ment between fee Turkish-occupied north and the Greek Cypriot- 
con troUcdsouth. 

The court’s verdict was a heavy blow to fee economy of the self- 
styled Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus because it effectively 
banned the export of its farm produce to European Union states. 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Pastel Is Stolen at Louvre 


While 27,000 People Visit 


It's easy to subscribe 
in B elgi um 

justcoB: 0 800 17538 


The Associated Press 

PARIS — A fragile 17th century pastel by the French artist 
Robert Nanteuil was stolen from the Louvre during visiting 
hoars, authorities said Monday. It was the first theft from the 
museum since 1 990. 

“Portrait of Jean Doricu," created in 1660 and valued at 
about 500,000 francs ($93,000), was removed from its frame 
on Sunday. A viator noticed the empty frame and alerted 
security guards, who sealed off exits and searched departing 
visitors. About 27,000 people were in the museum at the time 
of the theft, officials said. 

The last art theft from fee Louvre was on July 4, 1990, when 
a Renoir portrait was taken. It was recovered two months 
later. 

The museum's director, Michel Laclotte, said the Nanteuil 
work, a portrait of a magistrate, was “extremely fragile” and 
almost certain to be damaged by the theft 


Strikes to Cut Back Air Inter Flights 

^PA R IS (A FP) — A strike by staff members of the domestic 
French airline Air Into’, worried about growing competition from 
foreignairimes, was exported to st^> a third of all fK^its Tuesday, 
while , a separate actiem^by air traffic controllers in Aix-en- 
Provencc threatened to disrupt other journeys. 

Disruption could women Wednesday, the eve of the French 
national holiday, known outside of France as Bastille Day. Air 
fitter has asked passengers to reschedule journeys and said extra 
. seats would be provided on other days. 

Strikes hobbled AfitaOa Monday, as fli ght attendants and 
^-oundGrew protestingjob cuts struck .for a <ky, forcing cancefla- 
tioa of 60 percent of flights — mainly dom estic — out of Rome 
and Naples. Another stnkeis scheduled July 21 and 22. (Reuters) 


Tbe hols ran down nine note people in Pm^kni on Monday, 
m y 6 9^ ^he piost dan gerous days of." this year’s San Fennm 


r - . y . ~ iHmp Mvw unjo v*v mu JWU 5 . atm r y nmi 

festival in Spain. The injuries brought to 33 flic numb er of people 
hospitalized this year in fee ranging d the h nTk. - (AP) 


- A^ahnWikfeefiies by 20 to30 percent on Monday to 
keep up wife higher operating costs and a c ur r e ncy devaluation, 
state radio said. .The increases applied to the national Air 

AJgaie, as well as foreign airlines based in Algeria. (Reuters) 
Awfldcatwiaoat In Oslo hit a major hotel, while other union 
workers halted food and beverage deliveries to the hold as a sign 
of labor solidarity. The strike was called by about 20 Tamils who 
are working in housekeeping positions at the SAS Scandinavia 
Hotel to can attention to fear wo rking conditions. (AP) 


A windsurfer was Hied ire a" shark in Retatioii, authorities on 
this French island in fee Indian Ocean said Monday. He was fee 
person to be killed by sharks in Reunion’s rrwwai waters 
since 1980. " ' (AP) 


To call from country to country, or back to the U.S., dial the WorldPhone number of the country you're calling from. 


Antigua 

lA'.ailiMe fretn pufcl;: 

Aigeniiu* 

AnMiw'-u^ 

Bahamz&iLC; 

Bahrain 

Belgium' Cl' 1 # 

Bermuda -f* 

Bolivia* 

Brazil 

t*inj<fa 

Cayman blinds 

Colombia (C* 

Costa Rica* 


i_aruprior.es or.iv • 

«'i-(?vX'-33Min 

l -SCO- o24- IPX* 
5M-002 
WSW-IrtiJS 
1-W-623-04M 
O-SXJ-2222 
00O-MU2 

I-SW-e’-MOOO 

OOV-OjIb 

1*2 


Cyprus* 

Czech RepubUevo 
DenuarkMlC* 

Dominican Ur pub lie 

EcnadoH- 

Egyprco# 

(Ouiwlr Cairo, .lial 02 firs 

El Salvador* 

Finland' C l* 

France CC!* 

Camilla* 

German y’.o. > 

iLimui'd jvjibhiln v in cwvm 
Gracr k'C* 

Grenada* 


oso-wow 
W-U -000112 
S00UV22 
1-800-751-6624 
170 


J 395-5770 
195 

9SXM02-W 
WV-OM9 
00-1-99 
01 30-0012 
Germany J 

W-800-12U 

l-P00-6:-WC2i 


Guatemala* 

Haid!CO+ 

Hoodaras-i- 

Hmigaprtan* 

Iceland* 

Ireloukco 

Israelite 

ltdytCO* 

Jamaica 

Kenya 

(AvaitlWr irnm mint 

Liechtenstein' 
Lwemboiug 
. Mexico* 
Mowcmco* 


189 

001-800-144-1234 
Ml -800-67 4-7000 ' 
OOT-fiOO-01411 
999-002 
1-600-55-1001 
177-150-2727 
172-1022 ; 
800-67-17000 


NnhraiandstCp* : 06-022-91-22 

Netherlands AnrilkslCCH- 001-800-030.10?? ■ 
NicangnaiCO 

\OuukJc v 4 Managua, dul 02 &CS.} . . J66 

Norwayico* 800-19912 

Panama - i{j&- 

MilimyBajtt 2810-108 

Pwgiy* oOs-ii-800 

fVmiOuiSde cHirm. r&d 190 6i*J 001-190 


raiii<r ernes 1 


fsl tSKWif 
155-0222 
0800-0112 
95-S00- 67 4 -70A 1 

IttMNM*' 


Folaadicci 
PCHTOJpJlCCl 
Puerto BlcolCCi 
San Marinated* 
Slovak KcpnblictCC! 
South AfrtauCD 


0V-O1-O4-8OO-222 
- - 05-017-1234 
1-800-888-8000 
172-1022 
00-42-0001 1 Z 
' ■ Q8OO-W-001 1 


, SpainWa - 900-99-0014 

f t - Lnd * - J , 191-997-0001 

SwcdcnlCO* 020-795-922 

SuitxeriandMXH . 1554222 

TrtnJdad & Tobago 1 
iSPEOAL PHONES ONLY) 

Grated KiBgrfcmriCO 

Tb call the 05. usui$ BT 0800-39-0222 

■fc cfil ihe U-S. uang MERCLKY . 05004WO-222 
To call aiywiiereodieMhan the U50500-800-800+ 
UtegnajF 000-412 

U5. Virgin IshndttOD 1 ^8O0-888r80O0 

' Vtanu City (CO 172-1022 

Vencmeh+t .BQO-.lUl-O 


0800-39-0222 


'V • ■ C “ 111 ^ - "' ' your MCI Card." local telephone card or call <«QeeL~afl at the <=»"»»■ bar Oa 

i i i i ii ntfrl vallins a-ailM. Mjv me h aniliHr in/him jB mtenwAioUkwaMn. LrttJ,n 

- - - n-jrv-it. + U-winl jvjUjWiii. V Wja Ur Out hw. A A**U* IAPATH. 
r-Ws. ltd? ik-pmj'.m i Jj .man ai Mrvk». t burmMii<ral tumnorttJInWiaoW- 

M ■PMWI *** •• • ; ft njua- li.m (whin pat • iMHk pliKm.-. rnjv mralur iknK« titan u phi«K ianl l>wiW 


7^ 


fit Let It Take You Around the World. 

From MO 


Imprmcpar Offprint. 73 nude I'Ewngfk, 75018 Paris. 


J 


■i 

% m 


V *■ LV 


m 


'■ v : 


i 'LM 


«V. 

:V?2- •- 
•V-" 

v>. • 






INTERNATIONAL herald TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1994 


Page 3 





'■JTV 


m 


■V ^ 




V* 

- A 


L_> 




-3 


:* •» ... 


*!• ■/ ' 

•■=*'••• 7 :: 


♦» w * 


T^. 




f.s»- 


THE AMERICAS/ AG 



i ». j — * 

«*# §? 


??: s? h: v 3^2 r ~ t sf 


=5J 


Vfes S* 




SaSi §ss S g ^ 

£ » vast &££S £ % r J vilF 


‘a- 


POLITICAL \OTES 


K 


Clinton's Judge Wat His Pupil 

UlTLE ROCK, Arkansas — Twenty 
yews ago, Susan Webber Wright studied 
navigation law under- Professor Bill Chotrau 
Now Ae is about to travel through scarcely 
craned legal waters as the federaljudge pre- 
ading over a lawsuit that accuses President 
Clnrton of improper sexual advances. 

. life can bcfntfeff strange twiste,- ^ wngHy 
m a state where it sometimes seems that: 
evftiyoue has crossed paths with everyone 

e^AboutflKtnneriiewasmlvfr.CliiHOT's 

classroom, she was also out on the campaign 
trail working against him, in the congressio- 
nal race that he tost 

A conservative Republican, Judge Wright 
was appointed to the post on the UX District 
Court m 1990 by President George Bush, ^ 
she ruled in some important cases from. Mr. 
Clinton's last years as governor, handing him 
a mixed bag of victories and defeats. 

She is; currently preriding over a Little 
Rock school desegregation case and ruled in 
1 991 that the court had no an tlwrityto extend 
district tax rates to carry out desegre gati on. 

She has upheld the Arkansas death penalty 
statute, which Governor Clinton supported, 
but ruled that Arkansas violated federal law- 
when it cutxrimbursanezit rates to Medicaid - 
providers in 1992. 

Now, Judge Wright; 45; has been assigned 
to a case that brings a rare question of pres-- 
dential immunity and' much more publicity 
than she says she pftgri&T' 

In the federal eomjfcm&e two months ago. 
Paula Corbin Jqnefpprmer Arkansas state 
worker, filed a dvflfirwsuit accusing Mr. 
Clinton of making unwanted sexual advances 
while he was governor in 1991. 

Her lawsuit charged Mr. CSnton with vio- 
lating a federal tivurights law. L awy e rs for 
Mr. dintmargufid last month that he. should 
be given immunity from the civil suit while be 
is in office and that the lawsuit be put on hold 
until the immumty question was resolved. 

The question of granting immunity for a 
sitting president from a oyfl suit invafvmg 
actions alleged to have occurred before his 
taking office has arisen only once before, 
when President John F. Kennedy was sued in 
California for his indirect role in a traffic . 
accident at the . I960 Democratic National 
Convention, in Los Angeles. 

A California state judge ruled that Mr. 
Kennedy could be sued as any ordinary cats- ■ 
zen could, bat the opinion has no binding 
effect on the Jones case. Judge Wright 
said she wffl ride before Aug. 10 whether to 
hear the immunity question. 

**1 -think she is going to be very aWare that 
hers is a first in a series of ridings on this issue . 


that have a long-range effect," -said Morgan 
E. Wddt, a lime Rock lawyer who attended 
law school with JudgeWrighL 

“I think gfacffl bfccgcmnspect on this case, 
hot not mesmerized when .rite’s dealing with 
the president .of the United States. She's not 
going to be easily swayed by emotions or 
politics^ That makes hear good for this case2 

HAACP Loota Beyond Righto 

CHICAGO —America's blades are fight- 
fng for something more basic than civil rights, 
Waffiam F. Gibson, the NAACP chairman, 
said at tlte organization’s 85 th annual conven- 
tion. 

“We now have to address the issues of 
dime, drugs, education,*’ he said, "and hous- 
ing — the fundamental survival questions 
that many people do not consider civil 

"Meanwhile, Executive Director Benjamin 
Chavis reiterated his plan to draw all de- 
ments of the Made co mm u ni ty together under 
the mnbrefia of the National Association for 
the Advancement of Colored People. 

Mr. Chavis was criticized for inviting Louis 
Farrakhan; the Nation of Islam leader, to a 
black unity convention, in Baltimore last 
month. Mr. Farrakhan was not invited to 
at die NAACP convention, which runs 
r i Thursday in Chicago, his hometown. 
“Disunity among African-American lead- 
ers and organccations has impeded our social 
progress,” Mr. Chavis sad in his keynote 
address to ap p roxi mately 4,000 delegates. 
“Weleam from alL No one of us knows all the 
answers." 

Mr. Chavis also suggested that the NAACP 
welcome Ffispanics mto the group, and be 
called on delegates to ™ke the organization 
more appealing to young people and inner- 
city residents. 

“This is no time for cynicism nor for disfl- 
tationment nor hopelessness," he said. "We 
are on the move and we are fired up.” 

yem 000 to 575,000, and people 
wilder 24 wf *k» up 65 percent of the new 
members. (AP) 


jjjojt/UngwjB . 

. Floridians at a public meeting in Tampa 
called by Representative Sam M. Gibbons, a 
Democrat and acting cfaainnan of the House 
Ways and Means Committee: "If s commu- 
nism.” "Socialistic." “We’re morally opposed 
to it." Mr. Gibbons: “I understand you. 1 
respect you. There’s no need to shout.” (NYT) 



?r; 

v ’ ■ 

! V\ 

% . - ' : t ... - • ” AwacUted Pn» 

HEAVY H1T1ZK — FonnerPrerfdeiitCfiBorge Bush Tafebig a cap presented to Mm 
after induction &ito flie Maine Baseball Hall of Fame in Portland over tiie weekend. 


U.S. and France Settle AIDS Dispute 


The Axadatmi Press 

WASHINGTON — American health offi- 
cials acknowledged Monday that U.S, sta- 
tists used a French virus to develop an HfV 
test kit and agreed to give the Pasteur Insti- 
tute in Paris nKOTof t&reyato» 

The two aamuMnmhatn |ba4aXmaeifflUB 
dispute over how to divide the-HIV test lot 
"“IjTj , 100*7 MHVment that WHS 



\nstead, because more Amencan than. 
French test kits are sold each year, the United 
States has receivedSZO nnUiqn in royalties to 
the Pasteur Institute’s SI4 million. • 

The new agreement, announced ^ 
ins of the French and Amerean AIDS Foun- 
dation, is intended to eqwfe 
and “normalize the sometn^ roc^ rck- 
tions" between the two countries’ health es- 


. .said Dr. Harold Varmus, dircc- 

tor of the US. National Institutes of Health. 
The meeting was at the institute’s headquar- 
lersjn Betlscsda, Maryland. 

' The agreement also included an acknowl- 
edgment by the NIH and its parent, the 
Department of Health and Human Services, 
scientists at the NIH used a virus pro- 
vided to them by [the Pasteur Institute] to 
invent the American HIV test Jrit,” he said. 

.. Each side will continue to keep the first 20 
percentpf royalties from sales of its lots. The 
rest wiU bepocfed, with 50 perc en t going to 
the Pasteur Institute, 25 percent to the United 
States and 25 percent to the World AIDS 
Foundation. The old formula gave 2S percent 
to tire World AIDS Foundation and 37 J 
percent each to France and the United States. 


Visiting 
New York City- 
Gramercy 
Park Hotel 


szkIRooia Service- 

Sml»$l60 &o P 
Group Sates Avaifahfc 

C-nGcn-^-^S.^* 0 

E>x212 ^«? 5 
Tekae 688-755 

(212) 475-4320 

, s£isas£=i 


Canada Weighs Han to Sell 
Surveillance Planes to Beijing 


. A&nct Francs-Prtsst . 

. • OTTAWA A plan to sell 
aircraft famish^ with sophisti- 

fhma is. being stnd&^by the 
r’wwadfan gmvg m m^ l L a tdevt- 
si on network iraorted Monday. 

Offidals of the aircraft man- 
ufacturer, Canadrir, - and the 
ranadian govemmmt,, which 
must approve the ded, were not 
available for c o mme n t ^ 

The CTV network, dting 
government documents, . said 
the proposed dealenvisages the 
sale of a fleet of ChaBeoger -jet 
aircraft worth $200 million 


Clinton and Kohl Chemistry Bubbles Over 


By Ruth Marcus 

Washington Past Service 

BONN — Of all .the world leaders 
President Bill Clinton has met at home 
and abroad, there is one who dearly 
stands out as his favorite: Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl -of Germany. 

Aides who remark on the evident 
warmth between the two men point to 
their common working-class origins, 
their mutual passion for politics, and 
their equally impressive appetites. 

The chunky president looks positively 
svelte next to his portly German coun- 
terpart, a point that Mr- Clinton mis- 
chievously drove home at the NATO 
summit in Brussels in January when he 
told Mr. Kohl he had been watching 


sumo wrestling on television the night 
before and “I was thinking of you.’’ 

The two leaders had a ternfic time 
when they chawed down at Filomena’s 
restaurant in Washington a few weeks 
later, consuming impressive quantities 
of food 

The chemistry between the two lead- 

REPOBTHTS NOTEBOOK 

ers was evident here Monday when they 
met again after seeing each 'other just a 
day earlier, at the economic summit 
meeting in Naples. 

In the sun-dappled garden of the Ger- 
man Chancellery, Mr. Clinton was 


tossed a tricky question about his assess- 
ment of Kim Jong H, the son of the late 
president of North Korea. He respond- 
ed by batting it to Mr. KohL 

“I wish you'd answer that question, 
Helmut,” Mr. Clinton said —and, to his 
apparent ddiaht, Mr. Kohl obliged. 

Germany is holding elections this fall, 
and Mr. CHnton dutifully hewed to pro- 
tocol, meeting with leaders of the posi- 
tion parties. But his own vote could not 
have been dearer Monday at the start of 
a lunch — marinated fillet of beef, souf- 
flfe fillet of sole and peach parfaii with 
berry salad — at the Petersburg Guest- 
house, a top a mountain overlooking the 
Rhine. 

After listening to Mr. Kohl's toast 


outlining the roles of Germany and 
'N.merica *t*® rnid War, Mr. Clin- 
ton said: “It reminded me of what so 
often happens at the G-7 meetings or 
NATO meetings. They call on me and 1 
say. T agree with HelmuL’ " 

Mr. Kohl beamed at the praise, a 
welcome political boost here, where the 
American president is a popular figure. 
Asked whether Mr. Clinton was deviat- 
ing from political neutrality, a senior 
official said, "I think that it’s undeniable 
that the president and the chancellor 
have very close and wans personal rela- 
tions:" 

Monday night, Mr. Kohl showed Mr. 
Clinton around his hometown, Lud- 
wigshaf cn- 


Gquipped with Israelwnade spy 
eq uipm ent: 

. CIV cited the minutes of ft 


Toiubacribo ia ftwwny 

ju*co8,toBfe«i^.r . 

01 30 84 85 &5 ■ 


during which, it said, the minis- 

tnan, was quoted as 
The main concern about ths 
potential sale is the nature of 
the monitoring equipment to be 
installed."- . 

CTV also saki the minuses of 
that meeting showed unnamed 
diplomats as suggesting the 
plane might have robe exported 
-to Israel as a way of oremn- 
venting Canadian export roles. 
Cnn»daiT is a subsidiary of 


. treal. which was part of a Cana- 
dian government-sponsored 
. trade mission that visaed Chzsa 
in March. 


Haiti Ousts 
Observers 
From UN 
And OAS 


By Douglas Farah 

WtaMagton Post Service 

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti 

— In another act of defiance 
toward the world community, 
Haiti's nnlhaiy-backed rulers 
ordered international human 
rights monitors on Monday to 
leave the country within 48 
hours. 

- The announcement, which 
came in a note from the Foreign 
Ministry , was immediately con- 
demned by the United Nations 
and the Organization of Ameri- 
can States, which ran a mission 
to monitor and document hu- 
man rights abuses in Haiti. 

The Haitian move also drew 
verbal fire from Wariungton. 
“We certainly condemn the Se- 
gal de facto regime in Port-au- 
Prince for its intention to expel 
the UN-OAS human rights ob- 
servers from Haiti,” a State De- 
ri news conference. 

The spokeswoman said the 
decision by Haiti’s military 
leaders was “certainly a serious 
escalation in the conflict be- 
tween the regime and the inter- 
national community.” 

The joint rmsrioQ began in 
1992 as part of an aborted 
agreement to. return Haiti’s 
ousted president, Jean-Ber-_ 
trand Aristide, to power. The 
military, led by Lieutenant 
General Raoul Cfcdras, over- 
threw Father Aristide in a mili- 
tary coup in September 1991. 

UN officials in Haiti said 
that a formal decision on 
whether to obey the order had 
not been made, but that the 
ultimatum would almost cer- 
tainly be meL On Wednesday, 
the mission suspended opera- 
tions when the de facto govern- 
ment questioned their legality. 

“Security of oar personnel is 
always right near the top of the 
list of priorities,” a UN official 
said. “I am pretty sure we will 
be leaving.” 

A special envoy for the mis- 
sion , Dame Caputo, speaking 
in New Yoric, called the expul- 
sion an “outrageous decision,” 
a “provocation" and an “in- 
sult” 

“They kill people, they tor- 
ture people, they rape people,” 
Mr. Caputo raid of the Haitian 
mxlitazy. “And they don't want 
any witnesses in their country." 

Hie mission wrote numerous 
reports documenting human 
rights abuses by the military 
and its civilian allies, accusing 
them of murder, torture and 
-systematic^ politically motivat- 
ed rape. 

While powerless to stop 
abuses, the mission had proved 
a thorn in the side of the mili- 
tary, issuing a steady stream of 
r e p orts that stronglylinked the 
military to abuses. The reports 
were widely viewed as credible 
by the international communi- 
ty- 

The timing of the move by 
Haiti’s defactb government, led 
by the proviaonal president. 
Emile Jonassaint, puzzled some 
diplomats and observers. They 
said tile action showed the gov- 
ernment and its military back- 
era still felt they had nothing to 
fear from the international 
community. 

In an effort to force the gov- 
ernment to step aside, the Unit- 
ed Nations, led by the United 
States, has placed a near-total 
commensal blockade on Haiti, 
cutting off the flow of fuel and 
commerce. Almost all cornices 
dal flights also have been cut 
c£f t . leaving the impoverished 
nation virtually isolated. 

President Bill CHnton and 
other U.S. offidals have said 
repeatedly in recent days that 
they do sot rule out the possi- 
bflity;af mili tary action to re- 
move General C6dras and other 
senior military, leaders. Almost 
a - dozen warships and UB. 
Coast Guard cutters petrol Hai- 
tian waters, both to provide a 
credible threat of force and to 
enforce the embargo. 

“They still don’t believe the 
intematinffifll community takes 
this seriously” a UN spokes- 
man “They are seriously 

mistaken." 


In Household Homicides, Men Have Edge 


By David Johnston 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — When a spouse kills 
a spouse, wives are the victims in nearly 
two-thirds of the cases, a study released by 
the Department of Justice found. 

The survey of 8,063 homicides in U.S. 
urban areas provided a sketch of murder in 
families as national attention was focused 
on domestic violence because of the OJ. 
Simpson case. 

On Friday, a judge ordered Mr. Simp- 
son to stand trial on charg es that he killed 
his former wife and a friend of hers. 

The study, by the department's Bureau 
of Justice Statistics, found that 1,308 vic- 
-tims, or about 16 percent of the total were 
related to their killers. Of the rest, 64 
percent died at the Hands of an unrelated 
acquaintance, and 20 percent were killed 
by strangers. 

The study, which generally agreed with 
previous research on the topic, contradict- 
ed some beliefs about family violence. The 


survey did not find That the criminal justice 
system treated defendants in domestic vio- 
lence cases less harshly than other accused 
killers. 

The outcomes of family murder cases 
were about the same as those in all types of 
murder cases. Defendants were about as 
likely to be charged with first-degree mur- 
der as all murder defendants, ana were no 
more likely to be acquitted or have their 
cases ritsiTnyyd . 

About half of the defendants in family 
killings had been previously arrested, a 
smaller percentage than the three-quarters 
of the defendants in nonfamily killings 

Firearms were used in 42 percent of 


Firearms were used in 42 percent 
family kflltwg^ less frequently than in non- 
family homicides, when firearms were used 
in 63 percent of the cases. 

While husbands were much more likely 
overall to ItiU their wives than vice versa, 
among blade couples wives killed their 
husbands at nearly the same rate as hus- 
bands killed wives. Forty-seven percent of 


black spouses killed by a spouse were hus- 
bands and S3 percent were wives. 

The statistics also drew a stark picture of 
fathers and mothers who kill their off- 
spring. Of all family murders, more than 
one-fifth involved parents killing their 
children, a crime committed more often by 
mothers than by fathers. 

Mothers were more likely to murder a 
son than a daughter; 64 percent of their 
victims were sons. Fathers, in contrast, 
were more likely to kill daughters, who 
made up 52 percent of the slam. 

In murders of children under the age of 
12, parents were the defendants in 57 per- 
cent of the cases. Nearly 80 percent of the 
children in these cases had been abused by 
the parent who killed them. 

Several themes ran through the data. 
Most family killin g; occurred at night, in 
the home. Nearly half the defendants and 
about one-third of those killed had been 
drinking. 


Death Penalty Seen Unlikely in Simpson Case 


The Assoaacd Press 

LOS ANGELES — Jurors would be 
unlikely to impose the death penalty 
against OJ. Simpson because of his pop- 
ularity, legal experts say. 

“There is no way that a jury is going to 
return a death judgment against OJ. 
Simpson," said a criminal lawyer, Barry 
Levin, a former Los Angeles police offi- 
cer who has investigated nine capital 
cases. 

“What it boils down to is, the only way 
a jury mil kill your client is if he is a 
complete they hme him," he 

Said. 

Few people hate Mr. Simpson. In fact, 
recent polls show that most see him more 


as a football hero or celebrity than a man 
accused of murder. 

His only c riminal conviction has been 
a no-contest plea to misdemeanor wife- 
beating in 1989. He was placed on proba- 
tion. 

“OJ. Simpson has the advantage of- 
beang known for something other than 
allegedly killing his wife and another 
person," said Bryan Stevenson, director 
of an Alabama resource center on capital 

p unishmen t. 

“When you’re forced to see the defen- 
dant as something more than the crimi- 
nal act, it becomes much harder to say, 
‘We’re going to kill you.’ " 

Prosecutors still have not derided 


whether to seek the death penalty against 
Mr. Simpson, who is accused of murder- 
ing his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, 
and her friend. Ronald Goldman, on 
June 12. 

He was ordered Friday to stand trial 
Mr. Simpson, who has been jailed with- 
out bail since his arrest on June 17, 
pleaded innocent. His arraignment is 
scheduled for July 22. 

A committee in the prosecutor's office, 
led by the assistant district attorney, 
Frank E. Sundstedt, will deride whether 
to seek capital punishment Mr. Sund- 
stedt has declined to discuss the case, but 
he noted that the death penalty is rarely 
imposed in domestic homicides. 


Health-Care Tide Undermines Clinton Plan 


By Karen Tumulty 
and Edwin Chen 

Los Angeles Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — In what 
may turn out to be the ultimate 
irony of Bill Omton's presiden- 
cy, it appears that any health- 
care legislation that emerges 
from a yearlong battle on Capi- 
tol Hill will look more like for- 
mer President George Bush’s 
vision of reform than Mr. Clin- 
ton’s. 

Although Democratic leaders 
in the House and Senate may 
succeed in their struggle to re- 
verse the political tide, momen- 
tum now appears to be building 
toward a consensus that would 
drastically scale back the role of 
government originally pro- 
posed by Mr. Clinton. 

The evolving legislation ap- 
pears likely to rely primarily on 
private businesses — rather 
than government — to bring 
health-care costs under control 
It probably will fall conadera- 
", short of Mr. Clinton’s goal 
making sure that all Ameri- 
cans who are now uninsured 
would be able to obtain cover- 
age. And it would do little or 
nothing to distribute the health- 
care burden more equitably by 
requiring employers to take 
part and by reducing rampant 
cost-shifting between groups of 
patients ana providers. 

This more modest approach, 
which puts most of its faith in 
reforming the insurance market 
and giving government subti- 
dies to those who cannot afford 
coverage, has a familiar ring. 
“Hiere's no question we are 
[ back to the Bush health 
. Absolutely,” said Richard 

Smith, the top h ea lth-care an- 
alyst at the Association of Pri- 
vate Pension and Welfare 


plan. 

LSm 


Plans, a consortium of large 
employers. 

“Now that we’ve been starkly 
confronted with a dramatically 
different vision that arguably 
goes much too far, the clear 
trade-offs are apparent and the 
more modest approach looks 
better,’’ he added. 

Two House committees and 
two Senate panels have ap- 
proved their own versions of 
health-care reform. Although 
the bills stSl must dear the 
House and Senate floors, some 
outlines of what could be tiie 
ultimate legislation are 
into focus. 

Already gone are Mr. Clin- 
ton’s huge, government-orga- 
nized "alliances’’ through 
which most Americans would 
have bought their health cover- 
age. Instead, the congressional 
committees have opted for vol- 
untary cooperatives through 
which small businesses and in- 
dividuals could pool their pur- 
chasing power. 

It is also fairly dear that gov- 
ernment will not have as much 
power over health-care costs as 
Mr. Clinton bad proposed. 
Most of the committees weak- 
ened his provision to impose 
caps on increases in health-in- 
surance premiums, end there 
will be intense pressure on the 
floors of the House and Senate 
to further dilute the provisions 
or discard them entirely. 

The most important question 
that remains is whether Mr. 
Clinton can hold to his goal of 
guaranteeing coverage for every 
American. House and Senate 
leaders insist they will present 
legislation that does that, but 
no one has come up with a po- 
litically acceptable means erf 
paying the buL 


Leon E. Panetta, the newly 
appointed White House chief of 
staff, reiterated Sunday that 
Mr. Clinton would fight for 
universal coverage in some 
form, which Mr. Panetta said 
must be financed by a so-called 
“employer mandate.” 

Mr. Clinton would require 
employers to pay 80 percent of 
their workers’ health premium 
costs. Most outside analysts say 
they believe Congress is likely 
to follow the lead of the Senate 
Finance Committee, which 
abandoned the employer man- 
date in the face (rf enormous 
opposition from business. 

the committee voted 
for a package of incentives and 
reforms that its sponsors pre- 
dict will lead to the coverage of 
roughly 20 mfflinn of the more 
t han 37 mDlion Americans who 
now lack health insurance. Crit- 
ics, however, say that projection 
is far too optimistic. 

The winners in this monu- 
mental battle are likely to be 
employers — which is not a bad 
thing m the view of Paul Ell- 
wood, a guru of the “managed 
competition” theory to which 
most in the health-care debate 
now say they subscribe. 

“1 think the employers have 
been the most powerful influ- 
ence in sha ping whatever posi- 
tive directions the health system 
is taking,” Mr. Ellwood said. 
Corporations have been at the 
forefront in embracing such 


cost-saving approaches as man- 
aged care ana are increasingly 
hard-nosed in bargaining down 
the rates that hospitals and in- 
surance companies can c h a rg e: 

As a result, health-care costs 
are moderating without a gov- 
ernment-led overhaul of the 
system. 

Yet those benefits would 
largely miss the working poor 
and the middle-class uninsured, 
that is, most of those who now 
lack coverage. 

Editors Defend 
Kidnap Blackout 

New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — News arga-‘ 
nizations throughout the world 
agreed not to report the kidnap- 
ping of an Associated Press re- 
porter in Somalia during a 20- 
day captivity that ended Friday. 

The reporter, Una Susman, 
was released in good health. 

Editors of large news organi- 
zation 5 including The New 
Yoric Times, The Washington 
Post and NBC News defended 
the derision. The were asked to 
withhold the information by 
The Associated Press. 

Several editors said they had 
been persuaded that publicity 
would have put Ms. Susman in 
greater danger. The editors said 
they would have made the same 
derision if she had not been a 
reporter. 


Away From Politics 


• In a takeoff on SpJdennan, three climbers scaled halfway up 
■the 47-story Time-Life Budding in New York City in what 
thej r banner said was a protest against Time magazine's use of 
chlorine-bleached paper. Two women and one man dangled 
on red ropes on the skyscraper. About 20 stories up, they 
unfurled a banner parodying a lime cover. 

• A died when be slammed bis golf chib against a 

bench and the broken shaft snapped back to pierce his 
pulmonary vein. Jeremy T. Brenno, 16, was playing golf with 
friends in Gloversvffle, New York, when he whacked the 
bench at the sixth tee with his No. 3 wood following a poor 
shoL He bled to death, according to the report by the Fulton 
County coroner. 

• Hoodwatera in Geofgfe are threatening a fertilizer plant 

loaded with toxic chemicals, and nearly a third of the resi- 
dents of the town of Bainbridge had to leave their homes. The 
flood’s death toD has reached 28. Two bodies were discovered 
in Americas, including a man whose tractor-trailer was 
washed off a road and a 3-year-old boy who was in a car with 
his mother that was swept into a creek- The mother’s body 
was found earlier. ap 


TREAT Y 


TO PARIS. OUR PARIS 


The right locaffin 
The right pedf|ee 
The right p 
FF1380 



rik-" 


1, RUE SCRIBE > 75009 PARIS 

The right everythi 

*Pct ample ptr room ptf mght, Mondays through ! 
breakhsi included, effective jn!}' 1 - August 31 , 

Gonua yow uavel agon or aD us direri Tel ^33 11 1 41 71 24 11) 42 65 59 07 



J 


J 






Hera lb 


INTERNATIONAL 



SribttttC. Japan Has Cause to Worry About Chinese Ambition 


PLIUJS1IFD WITH THK Mitt YORK TIYIKS AND THB WASHINGTON POST 


Russia Is the Key 


Poland, like other countries in Eastern 
Europe, is unhappy that it is not being 
[offered a firm timetable for full member- 
• ship in NATO. Bill Clinton was reminded 
L of that when he visited last week. The 
. Partnership for Peace — established in 
NATO to allay the insecurity of Russia’s 
[neighbors while not antagonizing Russia 
— still leaves the East Europeans uneasy. 
But President Clinton was wise to defer his 
' decision. To include countries such as Po- 
land now invites the redrawing of lines in 
. Europe and the start of a second cold war. 

The Partnership for Peace is two things: 
an effort to integrate Russia into the rest of 
Europe, not leave it wit in the cold, by 
developing the rudiments of collective se- 
curity; and a hedge against failure, and the 
revival of Russian imperialism, by prepar- 
ing to expand the alliance eastward. 

In its collective security aspect, it wiQ 
involve all the partners in joint military 
planning and training for peacekeeping in 
the region. At least that will get ail the 
region s armies in the habit of working 
with tbeir neighbors. Partners like Poland 
can also prepare to become allies by famil- 
iarizing themselves with the alliance’s mili- 
tary requirements and ways of operating 
while remedying their own deficiencies. 

But closer partnership poses a contra- 
diction: to expand NATO would alienate 


Russia. Thai contradiction will come into 
play weQ before full membership be- 
comes an issue, as East Europeans look to 
the West instead of to Russia to supply 
new arms. Perhaps the Russian military 
could be induced to engage in joint plan- 
ning with the United States on common 
concerns likep reventing nuclear and mfe- 
sile proliferation. Perhaps conversion will 
find other work for Russian arms suppli- 
ers. But these steps are unlikely to dis- 
solve the contradiction. 

One way out is to focus on cha n ging 
the mifi tnry cultures of all these coun- 
tries, as NATO once did in Germany and 
Scain. That means going beyond the for- 


cers occupied professionally and out of 
politics. But Americans sympathetic to 
Eastern Europe are resisting funding for 
common military undertakings with Rus- 
sia and pushing for premature alliance. 

Military cooperation is a key to trans- 
forming Russia, which will make all of 
Europe more secure. Bolder leadership 
in the White House and the U.S. Con- 
gress will be needed, both to accomplish 
that delicate mission and to sell it to 
Russia’s nervous neighbors. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Betrayal in Nigeria 


One year after Moshood Abiola appar- 
ently won Nigeria’s democratic presiden- 
tial election, only to watch as the military 
annulled the results, he is now facing 
charges that could send him to jail for 
life. Ells offense? He has decided to as- 
sume the office that was freely and fairly 
conveyed to him by the people. Nigerian 
military leaders, having never seen an 
election or popular ervnian leader in 33 
years of independence that they could 
stomach for very long, call Mr. Abiola’s 
decision an act of treason. It is they, 
however, who have betrayed their country. 

Each time a Nigerian military regime 
cuts down civilian rule, it is done with the 
promise of giving the people a new, im- 
proved and less fractious transition to de- 
mocracy. True to form, the current crop of 
generals has been following that tired old 
script to the letter since snuffing out the 
latest experiment with democracy. 

Two military regimes and one civilian 
puppet government have governed the 
country since June 1993, each promising 
another journey to the ballot box one day 
soon. Instead, what the soldiers have 
done is to take the people’s rights and 
dial liberties from them. Their chosen 
leader is being held incommunicado, a 
judge's order to produce him in court is 
-being ignored, human lights leaders, jour- 
nalists and former legislators have been 
arrested and hassled for political reasons. 


and the elected National Assembly has 
been outlawed. Having the power, the mil- 
itary has made a colossal mess of things. 

For all its wealth in oil, Nigeria is 
awash in red ink. Its creditors hold S33 
billion in IOUs. Through gross misman- 
agement and corruption, the once agri- 
culturally rich country suffers from 50 
percent unemployment and can no long- 
er feed itself. All the while, a man with no 
political base. General Sani Abacha, who 
has stood on the edges of power in recent 
years and who now openly parades as 
head of is taking a turn at enjoying 
the perquisites of power. He rides high 
now. But he will soon learn the lesson 
that other military strongmen have had to 
absorb, some the hard way: dissent can- 
not be crushed permanently. Nigeria's 
state of autocracy cannot survive. 

But pro-democracy Nigerians should 
not have to march alone. During the 
recent White House Conference on Afri- 
ca. CHnif in administration officials went 
out of their way to commit themselves to 
stronger ties with Africa. The national 
security adviser, Anthony Lake, spoke of 
leaving no doubt in the minds of Africa’s 
authoritarians that the United States in- 
sists on. a rapid transition to democracy, a 
return to civilian rule and respect for 
human rights. That message must be 
forcefully registered in Nigeria. 

— THE WASHINGTON ROST. 


Backward in Venezuela 


Venezuela, in the grip of a severe finan- 
cial crisis, is trying to control it with meth- 
ods that are making it dangerously worse. 
Last week President Rafael Caldera sus- 

■ pended a long list of constitutional guar- 
antees — a necessity, be claimed, to com- 
bat the dark forces attempting to destroy 
1 the country^ currency. He imposed con- 
trols on prices and foreign exchange in 

■ iesponse to rising inflation. Af ter a succes- 
’san of bazik faunres, he took over the 
whole banking system. The security forces 
‘have been carrying out raids on retailers 
accused of hoarding. The police have be- 
gun interrogating the regime's critics. 

The crisis has been caused by a kind of 
bad policy that is very famili ar in the 
continent’s history. Most of Latin Ameri- 
-ca, recognizing that nationalist p^iulism 
is a mistake, is now moving toward open 
economies and relatively free markets. 
Venezuela is the exception. The reasons 
have a lot to do with the country’s tradi- 
tions, and a lot to do with oiL In the years 
of high oil prices Venezuela has been able 
to afford the old ways of running the 
country. But prices have been down for 


with failed banks, is cumulative. 

The previous president, Carlos Andres 
Pfcrcz, tried to lead his country through 
the process that economists call adjust- 


ment, meaning a^ostment to the realities 
of the world economy. The fust reaction 
was a huge riot in Caracas, the second an 
attempted military coup by part of the 
army. Last year Mr. Pfcrez was dumped 
out of office, ostensibly on grounds of 
corruption, and new elections were held. 
The winner was Mr. Caldera, an unrecon- 
structed populist of the dd school with a 
strong inclination toward a government- 
managed economy. The results have in- 
cluded, predictably, a sharp rise in infla- 
tion and a drop in the currency's 
exchange rate, leading to last week's ex- 
plosion of intervention and police action. 

It is the latest example of the Latin 
tragedy — a country rich in natural re- 
sources and educated people who live 
atm d deep poverty and insecurity. Vene- 
zuela is now in the grip of political ideas 
that are deeply implicated in the poor 
economic performance of Latin America 
during the past two generations. Most 
Latins, reflecting rat that record, have 
deckled to move in another direction, but 
not, so far, Venezuela. Instead it seems to 
be increasing the zeal with which it em- 
braces a doctrine which, as its neighbors 
can testify, leads nowhere but down. Be- 
ing a rich country, it still has time to 
reconsider — but not unlimited time. 

— THE WASHINGTON ROST. 


Other Comment 


Tlie Hive and the Honey Bear 

American policy toward Eastern Eu- 
rope is aimed at reconciling two seeming- 
ly incompatible goals: filling the security 
vacuum by gradually integrating Russia's 
former sphere of influence into the West, 
while cultivating improved relations with 
Moscow. In other words, holding up the 
shaky East European beehive while keep- 
ing the honey-hungry Russian bear con- 


tented. Hence the West's refusal to accept 
the East European states as full members 
of NATO, at least for die time being, and 
symbolic gestures such as inviting Boris 
Yeltsin to attend the Group of Seven 
summit meeting. Unfortunately, whether 
that policy succeeds will depend on what 
kind of government eventually comes to 
power in Russia, something over which 
the West has little real influence. 

— Neue Ziircher Zdtung (Zurich), 



International Herald Tribune 

ESTABLISHED 1887 

KATHARINE GRAHAM. ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 
Qt-ChaUmm 

RICHARD McCLEAN, Pubfifher 4 Chief Execmive 
JOHN VINOCUR, EienaneEdHat & VictPitadatt 

• WALTER WELLS. Arms fifiw • SAMUEL ABT, KATHERINE KNORR and 
CHARLES MTTCHELMORE Deptiy Etfiavs* CARLGEWTCIZMwKaBfc fifiMr 

• ROBERT J. DONAHUE. Editor cfrhe E&torid Page • JONATHAN GAGE. Busbies aid Fmaxe Editor 

• REV£ BONDY, Drpur. Publisher * JAMES McLEOD. DirtXKv 

* JUANITA L CASPAR!. Imematond Dnrtopmnr Director » ROBEJn’FARR^Gra^dmOcraxr.Dffepr 

Daraewde la Puhiicasian.- fa-hard D. Swmocs 

dc fa Pubhamun: Kmh ame P. De/mv 

Intcmdiml Herald Tribune, JBI Avenue Chari^dr-Gaulle. 9252 1 Nanfly-w-Sene, France. 

Td. :<l » 4637.9300. Fa* : Cnc. 4637.065 1 :Adv„ 463732.11 Interns: IHT@mckcnue 

1 EAtar far Asia: Mkluet Rkfnnbcn, SCwmbun ft£. SwynrrQ}//. Td. ( 65 l 472 - 77 d& Fas 165 ) 174-2334 
Mn& hir. Ana. fty'D. KruupM. 50 Oaucrter RL Harm Kate Td 852 - 92221 INI Fa r 852 - 9222 - 1 190 . 

Gm. Mgr Crmun: T. 5chOn FntfrHnr 15 MJ2J FwdfrrM Td (0(H) 72 67 55 Fax: «M9} 72 73 10 
PtmUS M kturt Guam. 850 Third Am. to* Yot. NY 10021 Td QfZl 7523m Far (2/2) 7558785 
U K. AJirrltsiat Office: 63 Long Am. L tmdtm WC2 Tel. (071) 836-480 2 fat 1071) 240-2254. 
i 5 A itu i apiral Jr 1.200.000 F. RCS Saatrrrr B 732021126. Camtiissinn Parirairr No. 61357 
'iltfH.haetnMnalHenddTnfwit: All ri%(r. rrvnrd ISSN. 


T OKYO — China says ii needs a 
peaceful environment to be strong 
and prosperous, yet Beijing seems to be 
pursuing contradictory policies. It wants 
to participate in muftflataal economic 
and security arrangements in the Asia- 
Pacific region. At the same time, it is 
increasing its military power and trying 
to establish a mflilarDy dominant pos- 
tion in Asa by taking advantage of the 
current situation when the United States 
and Russia have cut back their aimed 
forces and defense budgets. One path is 
internationalist, the other nationalist. 

China’s self-confidence and assertive- 
ness have increased in line with the rapid 
growth of its economy since market-ori- 
ented ref rams were introduced in the late 
1970s. Where is China heading? Wfll it 
become a hegemonic power, establishing 
a new regional order under its control by 
rairfng advantage of the upper hand it has 
over its neighbors in size and power? 

Despite the fact that China and Japan 
have dose tics in virtually all fields, tbeir 
relationship remains essentially fragile. 
China is concerned about the rise of 
Japan as & political power winch is now 
sending its troops overseas as part of 
United Nations peacekeeping operations 
and seeking a permanent seat in the UN 
Security CounciL Meanwhile, Japan is 
becoming apprehensive about China’s 
military bmidap, particularly the naval 
modernization, its continued supply of 


By Masaahi NkhOura 


missiles to areas of potential conflict, and 
its testing of nudoar weapons. 

Beijing fears that if economic and 
trade tensions between Japan and the 
United States intensify, Tokyo may pur- 
sue a forei^p and dtfensepokcymdepen- 
dent of Washington- China appears to 
consider Japan a* a major source of 
threat m the early 21st century. Beqing 
has been cautious about supporting Ja- 
pan’s bid for a permanent seat in the 
Security Council, for it would weaken 
China’s influence in regional and global 
politics. This suggests that there is poten- 
tial for OrineseJapanese rivalry. 

Tokyo is trying to check the Chinese 
militar y buildup by hol ding out the pos- 
sibility of reducing its aid to China and 
by engaging in bilateral security talks to 
increase the level of m3ftaiy transparen- . 
cy. Japanese aid to China a being more 
carefully disbursed than before, so that it 
will riot be used for projects, such as prats 
and other mtgor infrastructure develop- 
ment, that have rmbtafy implications. In- ■ 
stead , more aid is being rfriarmded to. such, 
areas as reducing the add rain content of 
Chinese coal-fired power plants. 

There has been a pattern of China’s 
behavior toward its Asian neighbors in 
die last few years — one that seeks to 
secure a superior position over them. It 


can be seen in the asymmetrical levdsof 
official viators. Beijing tends to send . 

rqpon I th&oriit other East Asian states 
send to China. Beijing’s strategic interest 
is to beorane strong and prosperous so as 
to assert its own interests m relations 
with other Asian states. . . 

China appears to find it easier to han- 
dle Mongolia, North Korea, Vietnam, 
Cambodia, Laos and Burma than to han- 
dle other countries in the region. The. 
former are eoonoraicalfy and militarily 
‘much weaker than f~*hm a Raffing can. 
intimidate them with economic and mili- 
tary sanctions as it 1ms done in the past 
. With wealthier, stronger or more dis- 
tant East Arian nations, China cultivates 
cooperative links, hoping that these mil 
save to drive economic and political 
wedges between those countries and the 
United States: This does not mean that 
Beqing itself wants no cooperative rela- 
tions with Washington. It is trying to 
build better relations with America. 
However, China also wants to minimiz e 
the paaribiliiy off having to compromise 
its own economic and security interests. 

China’ s desire to secure a superior po- 
sition over its neighbors has been rein- 
forced by remarkable economic success 
and the absence of dear, united resis- 
. lance from East Ada n countries. As a 
result, Beijing’s political sdf-confidcacc 
has been strengthened mid it has behaved 


more assertively with its neighbors m 
ter ritorial and other disputes. . 

■- 'Tfie' region does riot need a strong. 
OrinaJmerofotian^ of thfi.Ctanaenavy 
from a defensive coastal foroe into an 
offensive blue-water fleet would be de- 
stabilizing because it would diangc the 
balance of power in the Asia-Pacific re- 
gion. This will happen if the Grinese 


CCQ Zisnuy wumiwuT w tt •* , 

However, China’s economic future is 
mirwtBfffr If the refrain program mould 
nm into serious difficulty, the. Chinese 
leadership would probably haw to slow 

down the devdopmem of capabilities to 

project mflitary power. This would be 
bettor for regional security. _ • 


at the expense otns economic welfare, it 
must remain fuDy engaged xa the econom- 
ic wild political affairs, of the Aria-Pacific 
region to ensure that the Chinese economy 
remains strong. Thus the Chinese leaders 
will learn, die im p ortance of con ti nu o us 
cqngttuctrapi engagement in regional peace 
and security. An economic slowdown in 
ip ay help this fanning process. 

The writer,- a research director at the 
National Institute for Defense Studies in 
contributed Ms comment to the 
International Herald Tribune. His views 
are personal and do not necessarily repre- 
sent those of the Japan Defense Agency, 
with which he is affiliated 


To China From Germany , a Lesson in Unrepressed Democracy 


B ERLIN — The visit to Ger- 
many last week by li Peng, 
China’s prime minister, has cast 
modi light on prospects for de- 
mocracy in the two countries, 
both notable for failed attempts 
at liberal representative rule that 


By Robert Elegant 


led to harsh dictatorship. 
Despite a small but raucous 


Nazi past behind and dearly 
established a working democra- 
cy that wiQ be sustained into 
the future. But China is further 
from democracy than it was 
even 60 years ago. 

Mr. Li tested the democratic 
will of the Germans — and it 
emerged trium phan t. 

The man responsible for order- 
ing the massacre pro-democra- 
cy demonstrators in Bering just 
over five years ago is evidently 

allergic to public dsmnrutfTaticm*. 

cn three oas»OT^^<jranany 
and finally Irft the country earlier 
than planned because he was ex- 
posed to public heckling and the 
threat of such bedding. 

The Chinese prime minister 
thus proved himself to be what 
the Germans call a Mimose Ele- 


fant, someone who rides rough- 
shod over others but is hyper- 
sensitive himarif- And, 88 the 
Gennan press reported with 
some satisfaction, he undoubt- 
edly lost face by running away. 

Not, of course, that anyone, 
even the most hardened politi- 
cian, would be pleased by ban- 
ners with slogans like these, in 
Chinese and German: "Over- 
throw the Chinese Communist 
Butcher!’* and *Ti Peng is a 
Mass Murderer.** 

The fact that the charges are 
completely accurate did not 
help make them more palat- 
able. Neither did the fact that 
Li Peng crushed the Tiananmen 
protests with tanks and has sub- 
sequently conducted a witch- 
hunt against dissidents precise- 
ly to avoid seeing similar 
demonstrations in Ghinw. 

The German government did 
nothing to halt the demoastrar 
tians. Officials stood aloof and 
neutraL Several even stressed 
rtiAt Germany does not 
in bloody supp res si on of dissent. 

The temptation to quash the 


iWwimw twij ^n jpost n on e t hele s s 
have been strong. Just coming 
out of a recession, Germany is 
counting on large sales to Coma 
to accelerate its recovery. 

The impressive group of Chi- 
na specialists in the Gennan 
Foreign Ministry knows full wefl 
that Beijing does not separate 
politics and trade. To the con- 
trary, it unabashedly uses its 
economic leverage as a poten- 
tially huge w te ig i n g market to 
attain political goals. It has done 
so, for example, with France, 
Britain and the Netherlands in 
the recent past. 

It would not have been easy 
for an undoubtedly democratic 
Germany to ni™* the demon- 
strations against Mr. Li. It was 
nearly impossible to contem- 
plate such supp ress ion in the 
race of an aroused public. That 
virtual impossibility is, of 
course, the best proof that Ger- 
man democracy has come a long 
way horn the past. 

Li Peng ana his advisers am- 
ply do not understand that the 
German government could do 


little or nothing to keep him 
from being ynsnited in public. 
No matter how many times the 
concept and practice of free ex- 
pression tag explained to those 
autocrats of the left, they cannot 
grasp the principle. 

It was doubtless undignified 
of Mr. Ii to flee to Romania, 
whose ruler was a student in 
Moscow^ when he was also 
studying there. It would, how- 
ever, in Chinese fyes and par- 

tiraiaH y fn (Irni wat r /wnmiiii<H 

eyes, have been even more un- 
dignified for Lfm to submit 
meekly to public insults. 

Regardless of what happens 
to Mr. Li, for whom so many 
Chinese wish nothmg but sor- 
row; democracy has deariy not 
begun to take root in China. Mr. 
Ii and his comrades are busBy 
pulling up any shoots of green 
that may appear. To them, such 
Shoots are “poisonous weeds. 0 : . 
' Regardless of whatTappens: 
to the Communist regime, which 
is by no means secure in power, ■ 
tine prospect s ^democracy, in 
Qnna are poor. Nor will increas- 
ing cconormchbersfizationiiec- 
essarily bring about political £b-- 


eratism, although it will lessen 
the burden of oppression that 
every Chinese stffl carries today. 

There is no tfacEtion of popu- 
lar sovereignty in China. . In a 
counter or 1-2 hfl&on people 
there is, however, traditional 
terror of bun, wfcsdi translates 
best as ''jmmeval chaos.” Giv- 
en the choice, most Chinese 
would opt for a kinder, gentler 
government. Fearing man, they 
would not necessarily want a 
democratic system but rather a 

St Nfc ETdid noT behave badly 
by his lights. He signed agree- 
ments with Gennan companies 
for technical assistance and 
equipment worth, an estimated 
$L5 bpfflion. Nor did he storm at 
the p r otesters. “At 'least,” com- 
mented a Bolin teacher wryly. 
Tie didn't ask us to send tanks to 
shoot tiie demonstrators.” 

The writer, a novelist and for- 
mer Asia correspondent is a fel- 
low at the Wissensckaftskolleg 
zu Berlin (Institute of Advanced 
Studies in Berlin}. He contribut- 
ed this comment to the lntema- 
tional Herald Tribune. 


\S .’rT-y-. of — ■!— PTf^w. g v — rS-.'-r-- -7.«r. 


Let’s Be Gear: Not One Europe but a New Westand a New East i ^ 


H AMBURG — Russia Signed 
two agreements last month 
intended to cement its new rela- 
tionship with the West: the 
“Partnership for Peace” with 
NATO and the “Partnership and 
Cooperation Agreement” with 
the European Union. Now it has 
taken partin the Group of Seven 
meeting of leading industrial na- 
tions at Naples. 

Russian and Western leaders 
have lulled these events, once 
more, as the end of Russia's long 
isolation from the democratic 
West. And yet Europe is drifting 
apart, and all the wonderful 
warm words of partnership 
merely expose the new divide. 

Russia’s foreign minister, An- 
drei Kozyrev, staled the problem 
succinctly whoa he told Itar-Tass, 
“It is more difficult for an ele- 
phant like Russia to get through 
the door than fra a snail poodle.” 

Russia, in fact, does not fit into 
either of the Western institutions 
that have any substance of power 
today, NATO and the European 
Union. Both would collapse un- 
der the wdght of the elephant. If 


Christoph Bertram 


the Group of Seven or Eight can 
afford Moscow’s participation it 
is because, contrary to public 
myth, it is a debating dub, not a 
derision-making body. 

Russia itself has realized that 
there is no room frait in dither of 
the or gan iz at ions in which the 
West makes up its collective mind. 

The basic trends are 
becoming visible and can 
nc longer be bhared by 
convenient ambiguities. 

In the run-up to the various Part- 
nership signing ceremonies, Boris 
Yeltsin so longer pushed fra Rus- 
sian, me m b w sh ffi out instead tried 
to subject these institutions to a 
European superstructure, the Con- 
ference on Security and Coopera- 
tion in Europe, in winch Moscow 
would have a blocking vole. 

Hie Russians will continue to 


try, but their heart is no longer in 
it- In Brussels, Mr. Kozyrev ac- 
cepted that sooner rather than 
later some of Russia's former 
Warsaw Pact allies woidd join the 
Western security dub. He plead ed 
only that tiie extension proceed 
with care, since the Russian popu- 
lation needed convincing that the 
alliance was not planning “a tri- 
umphant march eastward.” . 

. So it is time to face the facts. 
There wifi be no overarching, aB- 
e n c o m pa sang security system in 


Europe. NATO vrin not xndt into 
a CSCE spanning from Vladivos- 
tok to Vancouver. 

I n stea d, two separate groups 
are emerging. 

The European Union and 
NATO are gradually incorporat- 
ing Eastern Europe, jnchufing tiie 
Baltic stales. At the same time, a 
duster of framer Soviet republics 
is taking shape around Russia. 
The central challenge of Europe- 
an seenrity is bow to make sure 
that the drvidmg line between the 
two groupings wDl not become; 


The Voices of America Are Disgusted 


T ONGMEADOW, Massacbn- 
J-j setts — Preside nt Bill Clin- 
ton has discovered that talk ra- 
dio is a two-edged sword. 

In the 1992 campaign, it be- 
came obvious that Mr. Clinton 
had a flair for the format. He 
scored points by going on pro- 
grams hke the New York-based 
Turns in the Morningf and com- 
ing across as an affable bubba. 
But since then he has learned 
that talk-show hosts (and their 
caflers) can play handball, and he 
doesn't like it a bit 

The president was anything 
bat affable in an appearance on 
a SL Louis talk show two weeks 
ago when the hosts asked him 
some tough questions about his 
and his staff’s ethics. All but 
shouting, he denounced the 
questions and accused conser- 
vative talk-show hosts such as 


Kusn umoaugn « keeping up a 
“constant, unremitting drum- 
beat of cynkasm.” 

That same week, in an inter- 
view in my magazine, Mr. Clin- 
ton's adviser George Stephano- 
pouks Masted talk radio’s “tear 
it down” mentafity and warned 
that the administration might 
move to revive the fairness doc- 
trine, the old federal rule that 
broadcasters must cover all 
prints of view on an issue. 

Mr. Stcphanqpotdos knows 
very wdl that the doctrine, wfakh 
Congress repealed seven years 


By Michael Harrison 

ago, would stifle talk shows. 
Many stations would cancel a 
p ro gram like Mr. limbaugh’s 
rather rtw*i twin- op ai rtime with 
countervailing liberal views. 

Mr. CBntan and other critics 
of talk radio — including tiie 
mainstream press, whose ac- 
counts are often tinged with 
skepticism and outright hostility 
— are misting two basic paints. 

Hist, talk radio's nature is to 
be freewheeling even at times to 
the point of inaccuracy. It fen’ t 
as if such offenses went unpun- 
ished. Mr. Limbangh, in partic- 
ular, is coining under the wide- 
spread criticism that comes with 
a position as powerful as his. 
That land of debate is what the 
First Amendment is all about 

Second, even if the next pres- 
dent of the United States is a 
squeaky dean, God-fearing conr 
servative Repubfican, you can be 
sure that be or she 'frill continue 
to take the bashing being en- 
dured by Mr. Clin ton. That is 
because most of the sentiment 
on talk radio is not so much - 
conservative as independent. 

We are hi-armg the infant 
voice of a movement that is 
disgusted with the kind of pres- 
ident the system ccotinne* to 
serve up. 

The voice of talk radio is dis- 


gusted with ex c e ssiv e taxation 
and intrusion into personal and 
business Kfc by the bureaucratic 
federal go v e rnm ent. It wants to 
put an end to excessive govern- 
ment spending and arr og ant 
rufing-exass aristocracy- It is 
skdrenedbypotitkaldisiKHtesty 
and corruption. 

It has had it with welfare 
fraud and tiie invasion off illegal 
immigration eating up tax d d- 
lars. It is fed tro with the coddling 
of criminah. tiie distorted, justice 
system, the lockstep sameness of 

the wjkiart nwlin and the drrnih - 

ingri America's children. It is no 
longer intimidated Ity tiie intol- 
erance of political conectness. 

It feds that an insidious war* 
is bring waged against tire aver- 
age hardworking, law-abiding 
American dtirm draining the 
middle class of its wealth and 
lifeblood. 

Unreasonable? Naive? Half- 
baked? Perhaps But very, very 


cnee agam, a Jmeof comromamm. 

By implying that any . differ- 
ences can be o v ercome by vague 
partnership rhetoric, tiie west is 
looEng rtsrif as wdl as Russia. 
Afraid to admit the truth. West- 
em governments will cfinglb am- 
biguity. But ambiguity has ceased 
to be creative; it has become 
. counterproductive. By pretend- 
ing that somehow Rnssia can still 
became a fug m e mb er of the 
Western chib, tiie West leaves 
bothRiasiaaiidtiieEasfEizrope- 
an democracies in the dark about 
tbeir future stamsin Europe. 

The proper response to Rus- 
sia’s inability to fit into any of the 
existing institutions is not to 
makebriieve that somehow it can ' 
be squeezed in but ratiier to cre- 
ate a new one,^ specifically de- 
signed to coordinate policies and 
preempt crises between the new 
west and the sew East. This 
would have to consist of ranch, 
more thm (be biannual meetings 
envisaged by the Rnsaan-EXl 
agreement or the vaporous can- 
saltation pledge given fay NATO 
in the Partnership fra Peace 

It should consist off a formal 
structure, tiie more formal file 
better, b etw een NATO and Rus- 
sia, with a secretariat, permanent 
representatives, hot lines mid 
even parliamentary bodies — ev- 
erything that can ensure day-to- 
day dialogue and consultation. It 
would give neither side a veto 
over what the other one wants to 
do, bat it would translate NA- 
TO’s apt formula “No veto, no 
surprise!” into credSbie practice. 

-Whoever the futore leaders of 

estabhshnow, wM^ScpSent 
team still hold power in Mos- 


cow, habits that can survive titan. 

To.gjve up the dream of “one 
Eincpe whole and free” does not 
mean to forgo the right to. hold 
Russia to estabtished rules ^ within 
its qihere of influence. On the 
contrary. But Russia can be held 
to these rules only if the West 
itself is serious about them. 

The ament practice of warn- 
ing Russia not to intervene in the 
“near abroad” while at the same 
time^ turning down requests fra 
sending BMin imiiig troops to che 
many trouble spots in the region 
is a dismal example of Western 
inconsistency. 

: The West's authority in the 
new European security setup will 
depend not rat its sennanslmt cm 
its deeds. Preaching without fol- 
lowing through signals to Mos- 
cow that the West really cries 
neither for Russia nor for how 
Russia conducts itself in what 
was once the Soviet Union. 

When the walls came down in 
Europe five years ago, the way 
ahead was obscure. It was wise 
then fra the West to temporize. 
Today the. baric trends are be- 
coming viable, and they can no 
kntger be camouflaged by conve- 
nient ambiguities. 

There is now a historic chance 
and need to build the future of 
European security on a sound ba- 
sk. That takes realism as wdl as 
vision, darity of purpose as wdl 
as a seme of responsibility. Too 
fitfie off these qualities, unfortu- 
natdy, is m evidence In Western 
c h ancelleries today. 

The writer is diplomatic corre- 


Die Zdt nc contributed this com- 
mat to The Washington Posl 


jEROUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND SO YFAKs a cm 


1894: Chicago Prepares 

NEW YORK - United' States 


yxHQmg my colleagues m St 
Louis, Mr. Chilian said: “I'm 
going to be aggressive from 
here on in. Fm going to teS 
what I know the truth to be.” Is 
that a threat or a promise? . 

Thewrieer, host of a nationally 
syndicated talk shenv, is editor of 
Talkers* a magazine about talk 
radio. He contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Tuner. 


go. three thousand infantry, cav- 
ahy and artiHeiy are now on dnty 
there. The attire National Guard 
of Hfinofeis also on dnty in or near 
the city, hi anticipation that the 
excitement might Wow the arrest 
of the strike leader, and rhat tft m 
might be possible disorder consc- 

3fod^^(jnkm men, precautions 

have been taken tw the military in 

various sections of Chicago. 

1919: Blockade Lifted 

PARIS --The Supreme CouncS 
decided yesterday afternoon rjoly 
11] that the Geanaa ratification 
of the Treaty was valid, and that 
consequently the blockade shall 
be fifted to-day. So far as France 
is concerned, however, this mea- 
sure ca nn ot become effective un- 


til a decree has been published in 
the “Journal QffitieT abrogating 
ah previous decrees on the Ger- 
tMn blockade. To-day, the Coun- 
cil wifi examine the qu estion of 
rat^thebkKkadc^Rossia. 

1944: Be GaoDe Baeked 

WASHINGTON — [From our 
New Yarik, edmofuj: President 
jyose vdt followed op his confer- 
ences with General Qiarles de 
tofeHWy I1J by aft-. 


wnrooot is being recognized as 
“cdcTacto authority in liberated 
The agreement grants the 
group just about every- 
“ting except outright recognition 


7 “ * ‘«“^Kreement as a oasis, 
itwffl leave With General Dwight 
D. Ei senhow er the final authority 
fw determination off when and 
where de Gaulle dvO government 
^ to be resumed in France 


. ii ■; - 

* 

. ■> V 

W 

i ‘ , 

u ** 

V* - 

K ‘ 
'fa? * 

.-v 


^ fj&o 







>*h 


% 


if. 


km 




X* 


a Ve 1 


. .A , 

■* *’ I 


?«V>v ; x/ 


** 



• sc3^-?-.' 


Am’. 






a£ST «•**■ 

*846*8 


Vb&*.'4* 


rasp- .Mot? 


International Herald Tribune, Tuesday, July 12, 1994 


•A&j-'viS- 


Page 7 



THE TRIB INDEX: 1 13.41 _ 

SmTSSSL’ltS 1 ! World Stock Index ©. composed of 



; v: .t ■ - *- - n, .. . ^ 

' ■'• JjKT *. •:. * . * ’>*>-•' 4 ‘ >'*y 


iMffffi/oricfS; 

«W»I 7-v.,::-^.-. 


M 


J 

1994 


AsiaiPaciUc 


Approx, wetyting: 32% 

Ctaw 132L69 PfB*;132>U) 


Europe 

m 

Appmx-weighllng:37% 

.. aofcl1484PiWil.i2.il 

m 



1993 

T994 

1993 - -■ 

1994 

1 North Anx-rica 


Latin America 


Approx, weighfing; 26% 
Ctosa: 91^5 Prev.: 9171 

n _ 

a 

Approx, weighflng: 

. Cteaj 1S.72 PWJ117J8 

B 


130 




The Index backs U.S. doier mktue rd stocks kt Tokyo, How York, London, and 

, Ohm, CMfe Owtmart; W o nt 


Aigomlna. Auatrxfia, Austria, Bo^kon, tad, 

Franco, Oomoi), Hong Kong, Nob. Hodoo, Htahratand s . Now Zealand, Norway, 
Singapore, Spain, Swodon, fiiwiknd and Venrautan-fty Tokyo, New York end 
London, ton nkK.it oampoead of toe 20 top Issues tn tome of modal cupbettzuOan. 
otherwise tho ton top atocka am tracked. 


1 Industrial Sectors J 


Mm. Aml' % 

dora dam drags 

■M Ml 

. drat doaa 

■ %■ 


11128-10737 43.64 CqAMGooik . 

113.18 112.47 

4063 

IMUh 

12157 120.17 4092. BfcIWtahh 

125.48 1242) 

4097 

Finance 

118.78- 11BJ0 4039 OoannrGoodi 

99.78 98^2 

4087 

Sankra 

THUS 11&34 4055 .MwlWHW. 

12421 12230 

+1JS 

For mam information about rhn bxkrx, a txxVdei IsavgUaUs frva d crises. . 

Write to Trib index. 1B1 AvaMja Ctetfes de Gauto. 9SS21 Nmafy Codex. France. 




$4 Billion 
For PCS 


Qnnflkd bf Our Staff ftws Dispatches 
INDIANAPOLIS — Eli Lil- 
ly & Co. said Monday it would 


buy PCS jHealth Systems Inc. 

Coip. for $4 


from McKesson 
wilirm in cash. 

The move by Lilly, one of the 
largest V.S. pharmaceutical 
companies, is a step in the rapid 
consolidation of die industries 
that make and deliver drugs to 
consumers. 

PCS, known as a pharmacy 
benefit management company, 
handles prescription drug bene- 
fits for about 50 million people. 


CompanksHkePCS are hired by 
corporations and health-care 
provider to process prescription 
claims, negotiate discounts with 
drug companies and monitor 
how doctors prescribe medicine. 
. . Randall Tobias, the rhairmnn 
of Lilly, said the deal would be 
Lilly's largest acquisition to 
date. 

■ The agreement 4»lls for 
McKesson shareholders to re- 
ceive S3 A trillion cash, or $76 a 
share, for their McKesson 
stock. The remaining $600 mfl- 
lion will be pumped into a new 
McKesson company that will 


QVC, CBS and Disney? 


By Geraldine Fabrikant 
with Bernard Weinraub 

New York Times Sendee 

NEW YORK —When the boards of CBS 
Inc. and QVC Network Inc. meet Tuesday 
and Wednesday to vote on a merger of the 
two companies, Wall Street and Hollywood 
executives say, the Walt Disney Co. may 
emerge as a wild card in the deal. 

Ever since the merger announcement near- 
ly two weeks ago — and even before — many 
people in the television industry have been 
looking at Disney as a logical fit with a 
broadcast network. 

CBS has been at the center of speculation 
about Disney because the network has been in 
play, and because its lade of a cable television 
connection and its loss of professional football 
to Fox have been seen as major liabilities. 

“People think Disney might jump in bo- 
cause Disney has longed for a network outlet 
for a long time and has the expertise to 
manage a network,” said Harold Vogel, a 
media analyst who follows Disney for Merrill 
Lynch & Co. “This is a relatively easy way to 
get into both cable and network.” 

Why Disney? 

Even though it may be better known for its 
theme paries and movies, Disney is a leading 
producer of network programming, including 
ABCs “Home Improvement,” the most pop- 
ular scries on American television this season. 
But Eke other independent programmers. 


Rumors have been circulating in the enter- 
tainment industry that Disney may be about 
to strike some sort of network partnership. 
Executives at CBS and QVC have denied the 
talk, and Disney executives have refused to 
comment on whether the company is plan- 
ning a strategic move into broadcasting. 

But many in the industry think there is a 
strong rationale for an alliance between Dis- 
ney and a network. 

Getting shows onto the networks is a dicey 
business for producers, and it is getting harder. 
The networks, once denied the right to produce 
and syndicate their own programs, have in 
recent years been unshackled by the Federal 
Communications Commission. By November 
1995, they will be able not only to produce 
programs but also to sell rerun rights in the 
syndication market in the United States. 

The networks are also increasing in-house 
production, which could make it more diffi- 
cult for companies such as Disney to get their 
own shows on air. 


Big-Time Lobbying 


Disney may soon find itself at a disadvantage 
because federal 


rules are rapidly changing to 
let the networks produce and distribute more 
of the programs they broadcast. 


Disney spent more than $444,000 on lobby- 
ing to win a $163 milli on subsidy for its 
proposed theme park from the Virginia Legis- 
lature. According to disclosure forms released 
Friday, Disney paid out as much money for 
lobbying in Richmond in the last year as the 
next five biggest spenders combined. The 
company spent four times as much as the 
main opponent of its park, the Piedmont 
Environmental Counril. whose spending to- 
taled about $106,000. 


Another Round 

Of Co 

Price Jn 



Coffee Climbs 
OnBraxilFrost 


Aluminum Soars 
To New Highs 


Reuters 

LONDON — Coffee prices 
surged on Monday to their 
highest level in eight and a half 
years after frosts threatened to 
wipe out half of Brazil's crop, 
the world's largest. 

But producers, instead of re- 
joicing, were worried that con- 
sumers would balk at paying 
more when retail prices rise and 
would switch to other drinks. 

News that the second frost in 
two weeks had hit Brazil's ma- 
jor coffee-growing areas sent 
prices on the London futures 
market at one stage more than 
$900 a ton higher, to $4,0 00 for 
delivery in September, the high- 
est quote since early 1986. 

“I am naturally concerned 
about this news and the impact 
it will have on the market.” said 


Reuters 

LONDON — The price of 
aluminum, one of world's most 
widely used metals, jumped to 
fresh highs Monday with trad- 
ers convinced that growing de- 
mand was finally cutting into a 
mountain of stock. 

Prices on the London Metal 
Exchange rose $15 a ion to 
51,549 for delivery in three 


Profit phamnets 50 percent at Al- 
coa of Australia. Page 11. 


See COFFEE, Page 8 


C International f-Wrald Tribuna 


include all assets except PCS. 

Current McKesson share- 
holders will be able to exchange 
each of the current shares for a 
share in the new company. 

The new McKesson would 
consist of McKesson's whole- 
sale drug operation. MUIbrook 
Distribution Services, McKes- 
son Water Products and a 57 
percent stake in Armor All 
Products Coip. 

McKesson investors greeted 
the deal by sending the shares 
up $24.75, to $98, on the New 
York Stock Exchange. 

Lilly shares closed down 
$7375 at $50. The two topped 
the NYSE’s most-active list. 

UBy plans to pay for the pur- 
chase by issuing debt and rais- 
ing money from previously dis- 
closed plans to sell its medical 
devices and tests unit 

(AP. Bloomberg) 


Kim’s Death Puts Markets on Edge 


By Steven Brull 

International Herald Tribune 

SEOUL — Rumors of North 
Korean leader Kim II Sung’s 
demise have swept through the 
South Korean bourse dozens of 
times in the past decade, invari- 
ably sending the index higher 
on the view that reunification of 
the peninsula would be a plus 
for South Korea’s economy. 

But on Monday morning, in 
the stock market’s first reaction 
to the news that Mr. Kim had 
died last week, shares plummet- 
ed. The consensus now is that 
political turmoil north of the 
border could pose major risks 
for South Korea, including a 
sudden reunification that 
would deal an economic blow 


Eke the one borne by Germany 
after its reunification. 

SHIT, after an initial plunge of 
more than 2 percent, the Korea 
Composite Stock Price Index 
steadily recovered and closed 
Monday’s session just 7.54 
points lower, at 948.84, in active 
trading. 

The modest decline under- 
scored growing confidence 
among South Korean investors 
that North Korea would make a 
smooth transfer of power, most 
likely to Kim Jong u. the eldest 
son of Mr. Kim. 

The market’s reaction also re- 
flected the timing of the news of 
Kim B Sung's death on Friday, 
which was announced here on 
Saturday, just after the stock 


market had gained 7.42 points in 
a half-day session. Dining the 
interval, there were indications 
that Kim Jong D was consolidat- 
ing power and that Seoul's re- 
sponse was swift and collected. 

“h was very well-timed,” said 
James Oborae. bead of research 
at W. I. Carr in Seoul. “Kim II 
Sung must have had the inter- 
ests of the slock market in 
min d" 

The market's tone also un- 
derscored the momentum of a 
rally, which has made Seoul's 
bourse among the most dynam- 
ic in Asia. Over the past two 
years, the main index has more 
than doubled, and many think 
it could rise 25 percent more 
before the end of this year. 


Powering the advance is a 
South Korean economy that 
has regained its famed vigor: 
gross national product jumped 
8.8 percent in the first quarter 
— the highest rate since 1991. 
Many economists expect 
growth for the full year to reach 
8 percent, a sharp improvement 
from last year's 5.6 percent. 

The strong yen is the biggest 
reason for the surge. Industries 
in which South Korea competes 
head-to-head against Japan — - 
notably electronics and electri- 
cal machin ery, cars and ships, 
steel and petrochemicals — 
suddenly have become very 
price competitive. Exports in 

See KOREA, Page 9 


months, the highest price since 
eariy 1991. Traders said $1,600 
was the next target. Spot alumi- 
num rose to $142330 a ion 
from $1,512. 

Prices now stand 50 percent 
above last autumn's eight-year 
lows, when a recession-hit mar- 
ket had more metal than it 
could use. Extra metal was also 
coming from Russia, which, 
desperate for foreign exchange 
and faced with the evaporation 
of domestic demand, exported 
hundreds of thousands of tons. 

But the world’s major produc- 
ers earlier this year agreed 10 cut 
back their output to try to help 
prices which, in many cases, had 
fallen below the cost of produc- 
tion. 

“It is all coming good at the 
moment — stocks are down, 
people need metal, and they 
can’t get hold of it where they 
want it,” one dealer said. 

The International Primary 
Aluminium Institute said total 
stocks in May fell 64,000 tons, 
to 348 million, down 3.7 per- 
cent from its February peak. 

A clear sign of the growing 
demand for aluminum, analysts 
say. is rising prices for delivery 
of the metal in the near-term, 
which in some cases are now 
higher than prices for more dis- 
tant delivery date. 


Thinking JUipacft /Commentary 


WTO Will Be a Benevolent Patrolman 


By Reginald Dale 

International Herald THbtme , 

W ASHINGTON ' — Interna- 
tional conspiracy, theorists 
in Washington ate putting 
about a new scare: Secret 
conclaves of bureaucrats, many from de- 
veloping countries hostile to America, 
arc about to take over the world trading 
system. Delegates from places Eke Bur- 
ma and Cuba will impose their win on 
the United States, preventing it from 
enacting its own laws to protect the envi- 
ronment and the health of its population. 
— even from raising its own.taxe& 


national sovereignty arouses strong oppo- 
sition — particularly in a U4. Congress 
amtious to goatd its right to conduct trade 
policy. So, as the ad min i s tration tries to 
persuade Congress to ratify the latest 
world trade agreement, which sets up the 
WTO.it is laving to be a little decdtrul on 
the sovereignty issue. 

But the WTO’s opponents are being 
deceitful too, disingenuously arguing the 



will be laimcbed by the new WoridTiMe 

Organization that is to start operations 
next year, probably in Geneva, as mooro- 
sor to the General Agreement on Tariffs 
and TYade. 

Equally fetventiy, "WPjJ? 

WTO including the U.S. administration, 
argue’ that itwul not dimin i s h the coun- 
try's sovereignty over its own affairs y 
one iota. 

Both are wrong. 

The WTO is not the monster portrayed 
bv its opponents bat. Eke many other 
international treaties and ^reemaits, it 
does impinge on U.S. sovereignty. The 
point is that it is well worthwhile to saca- 
fiee a little autonomy to gain the WTOs 
benefits, which will be considerable. . 

It is difficult, however, far the WTO's 
supporters to make this 
Washington, where any perceived loss of 


The linked Stales can only 
gain as more countries are re* 
qoired to play by the same 
roles. 


control over its currency. As traditional 
economic barriers fall, policy instru- 
ments that used to be of solely domestic 
concern can be used to impede trade. 

U.S. rules on automobile fuel efficien- 
cy , for example, are legitimate grounds 
for complaint if they discriminate a- 
gainst imported cars that are engineered 
to a different standard, as the European 
Union is currently alleging in GATT. 

It will certainly be possible to chal- 
lenge many such practices in the WTO — 
which does not mean, of course, that the 



o r ganiza tion could actually be rqected 
without upsetting the rest of the agree- 
ment. 


That is amply wrong. Washington’s 
acceptance of the WTO was an essential 
pari of the final package deal struck in 
Geneva last December and it cannot be 
reopened. 

Nor is it true the United States is going 
to be pushed around by . the Ekes of Cuba 
and Borina. The way the WTO makes 
decision* will not be a fl that much differ- 
ed from GATT, and the United States, as 

the world's largest economy, is certainly 
going to its ample weight. 

What is true, on the other hand, is that 
all nations axe losing sovereignty as the 
world economy goes global. Even the 
United States, for instance, has little 


tenges, it will no longer be posable 
for Washington — or anyone else, for 
that matter — to veto the outcome. That 
is one of the real transfers of power to the 
new organization. Another is that U.S. 
use of unilateral trade action, and retali- 
ation, win be much restricted. 

The point is that these are all very 
good thing s, it is good for everyone, 
including the United States, if Con- 
gress’s protectionist tendencies, and its 
fondness for unilateral bullying, are re- 
strained. In fact, it was the United States, 
which brings the most trade complaints, 
that quite rightly wanted to end the na- 
tional veto over GATT rulings. 


The United States, arguably the 
world's most open economy, can only 
gain as more countries are required to 
'ay by the same rules. It should be 
to have a stronger policeman to 
force those rules, even if it has to obey 
them itself. 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


Cross Rat*« 



on 

OF. 

. 'Jt8y.11 
UK Y« CS Iterate 

Eurocimwncy Owpoatts 

SwiSS 


Freadl 


July 11 

tt MR 

AOS* 

vans -us* u es 
auan us an 

UMte 

aw 


pota- 

D-Mark 

FroK 

Sterita* 

Franc 

Yen 

ecu 

BVM 

4MB- 

UM u «» iros 

UB* 

imentk 

. 4VWW 

44U> 

4 

4-»W3 *ti 

StM% 

2-ZVt 

S¥e* 

lMTl 

«JO 

um ism iw 

- nsta 

Imnlfe* 



4A-4K 

5KriA 

sain. 

2<tr2h 


nm 

*on 

SUM vua* AW 

— - ' 

imonM 

9A-5H 


44ta49b 

SVtt-SM 

5Ve 6 

2 W2*. 

4VWA 

KM 

t7I0 

m» unm . list wn* 

310 f7JK UM 

■ JUB- 
m 

Twor 

SWH 

5 5«V% 

4VWH 

6V.-4H 

4-fPA 

2Mr2H 

l 


■ t & 


tm UH- ill** 

M ^ W H4 UK Srt aw. .KM M 

** X aw 03M7 urn- w ww* MW" — '»• 

£2 55 So Uffl vm ims* — tsw- too t me 

iiui UBS WM xwi mom urn w* UI». mar 

^ 2 J2 S TJ« MW !».«» U».*w iffl .m 

rotes or 3*m. . Miar; Vntis Of tot; na: not ana Mr not 

a: To Itvr one pound; *-■ ™ onr 
available. 

**"*££* P art 

camucr antktnc. ffl» 

L Ararat*** hoot amt* ™ 

UndraLS WJ® HMA.MTM 
Aodr.u**- Mg Msranmc 31X 
ekbwuvm M* 217004 

OA457 

no-markM % Molar, tarn. ZW» 


AM Inhfttmk dufioaltt of Si ntBUon minimum (oremMtntK 


f rail 

JVwjf Aonvy 

UNMSMH 


Mm rat* 


Conner 


Ptr * 
U» 

ItZHtanris Utffltf 
Nsntf.trOM AM 35 
pid. peso 3 AU 


UU 
- Han. nM. 2012J» 
-SMiOM Off 
Staff.* ’ 


C wra c y -Pars 
X Aft-, note UM 
IKor.wa . 90 U 
i »a«.ienra i 7ie 
to) huh t atn 

.TMtot : asm 
TtaKtaMbv JUKI. 
U*E Mrtan M777 
Vraor.Mv. mu 


3 wants CPs 
ewou ta o r OitaH 
3-mnOi Trrcsarr bUI 
VyearTraraarrtatl 


TtvoarTrracary note 
ta-rara Tnaaanr band 

awiw mui u n wTt 


Close 
3V. 
Tk 
Ok 
130 
AM 
442 
5M 
62S 
707 
737 
7 M 
771 
Ml 344' 


3V. 
7V. 
4tt 
420 
5-20 
434 
524 
402 
704 
704 
742 
7 JO 
144 


DbaoUiah 

CaffBOMT 

taota tllUrtlloA 


*22 l Sn..m craata-raitar 
'»£■* 31 S* SAM! jamommmt 

cae "" rt 1J030 MM 


W 

2 

2 

2K, 

H 


W 

1 

2 

2 

2V. 

434 


BrBota 

*ra* «oc« rm 
CeOmiwy 
1-mralk tetwMik 
■™hin iroeroc* 

C-ffiMtetatarba* 

Ktwoar 

France 

MtarvMtiMrate 
cctamMar 

liH o nm tafffffooA 

^H|y|ta| 1 . |1 ^ | % | 

fenanatafertan* 
teymOAT 

Sources.- neuters. Bloomberg. Merrill 
Lynch, Bank or Tokyo. Commerzbank, 
Gkeenwen nkmttm-. Crtat Lyonnais. 


S* 

5U 

4% 

4% 

5 

5V5s 

5V» 

9k 

5te 

5* 

151 

162 

5.10 

in 

54h 

5tt 

544 

5*. 

5% i 

5te 

5» 

5a 

74» 

742 


OoM 


a Mil * WM^mw Wl| 

UM4 t Jta* 1 Jlt4 
VM rtAS 97.17 


— I«JM 

iraas MM 

roK , - - ^-^r^nof*rBnigaeUl;BemCb r r ym rci o W ItMano 

H.- ING Bank tMrtNramnr.r^y^^ w Tgkn t TaknH .ttaru Book or Canada 


Qonwanr 
Lombard rata 
Call noon 


Zortcb 


MD 
5.10 
4J5 
4 » 
SM 
4.90 


W 0 
495 
AM 
AM 
500 
A95 


AM. 

PM. 

orra 

38133 

38&80 

4-252 

38140 

MSJS 

+ 260 

38170 

388.70 

+3JB 


New York 
US. tWOcrs per o u nce. LandanefMoHU- 
bvs;zarkh tent Me w Yor* evening and dee- 
bwarfeet: Mew York Coma* I August 1 
Starve. ' Reuters. 


NEWS EVENTS WHICH COULD AFFECT 
YOUR LIFE: 


T 

t 

«►_ _ 


J 




-4 


t f ^ - Civil Wav in HtVfmda 
) ; J , ; : D issidents in Chinn 
Korean Nuelmr Dispw 
Islamic Fwmdunmnlalisni '■ - A 


FOLLOW THE WORLD EVERY DAY IN THE IHT 


Subscribe now 47 % 


and save up to 


off the 
cover price 


CALL US TOLL-FREE 

AUSTRIA: 06608155 LUXEMBOURG. 08002703 
BBjGWM- 080017538 SWITZERLAND: 1555757 
FRANCE 05437437 THE NETHERLANDS: 060225158 
GERMANY: 01X848585 UNTIED KINGDOM: 0800895965 


Or send in the coupon below. 


S U w c rip a on Haas A Sawgoofl IHTcwer Ptjoea 


1 - " 

CotrtryCurrBOCy 

12 month* 

+ 2 months 
FREE 

Msmftr. 

•%ra.f ararar 5 , 

6 ruomtu 
+ 1 month 
FREE 

3 months 
+ 13 FREE 
issues 

AU 8 M 

a. a* 

oooo 

* 07 • 

1300 

1.800 

Bttohn 

aR 

1 A 00 D 

;r._ 

7,700 

4 J 00 

DdwaBk 

D.Kr. 

a^oo 


1^00 

1.050 

Stand 

F.M. 

2.400 

■ * ■- rnr.A 

1300 

700 

Fonca 

F.F 

1350 

. 48 .': 

1 A 70 

90 

Genraw* 

txw 

700 

• ii 

385 

210 

fimd Brtati 

£ 

210 


115 

65 

Grsata 

Dr. 

75.000 

/ - is* 

41 J )00 

22.000 

Intend 

Dit 

230 

: . 3 T - " 

12 S 

68 

Mr 

Lire 

500 TOO 


ZTSflOO 

150^)00 

LuofflOqwq 

L ft. 

14 JJ 0 O 

- • 38 •: ' 

7.700 

A 200 

NeVwtante 

R. 

770 


420 

230 

Norway 

NXr. 

1500 

• -w . 

1500 

1^50 

Poougai 

Esc. 

47.000 

ar . 

28.000 

1 <MXM 

Soon 

Ptas 

4 &HH 

." 34 " . 

26300 

14500 

-hrtdsfe MdW 

Pas. 

55 . 0 M 

■ 34 - 

27300 

14 J 00 

&nder (eamafl 

SJCi. 

3,100 


1.700 

900 

-handdeSrarr 

&Kr. 

3^00 

. -m ■< 

ijno 

imo 

Stataitand 

SFr. 

510 

. ' " 44 f jj . 

335 

185 

Rtsi o( Europe ex CS 

S 

405 

- , v 

265 

145 

CQ.N.Mna.tow 

Fmnoh Atacwv IM 8 e East 

s 

630 

• ! ' ■ . -V 

345 

190 

Oita States, Ass. Const end 
Sou* Amsrica 

s 

780 

" % , . • " 

430 

235 

Res a Africa 

5 

ooo 

a* . . 

495 

270 

* For Momatian concaming tiand-dehwy In majw [Gannen caes caSto* tree IKT 

Gennany at 013 M 4 SS 8 S ortax ( 069 ) 175413 . Itador German reguiaftons. a 

Ira# putted Is panted tor Ml new orders- 


Yes, I wont to shat receiving tfie IHT. TVbs is the subscription term I prefer 
(check e xp ropriate boxes): 


1~1 12 months (364 issues in cd with 52 bonus issues). ^ 

□ 6 months (182 issues in dl with 26 bonus issues). ^ 

f~l 3 months (91 issues in afl with 13 bonus issues). * 
Q My check b enclosed [payable to the International HercJd Tribune). 
O Please charge my d American Express □ Knets Gub O VISA 


1 1 MasterCaid •. ■ Euroasrd Access 
Credit rati charges wil be made in French Francs at current exchange rates. 


CA8DAXT.no. 


EXP. DATE , 


.SIGNATURE. 


ROB Busress ORDERS. FtEASE J'CCATE YOUR VAT NUWBgt 


[HTVAT number: FR7A732021 1261] 

□ Mr 3 Mr* Mbs F.AMLY t4AMf . 


frstname, 


PatMAte^TACOESS. I ' HOME : . BUSl*SS_ 


OIY/CODC. 

COUNIHY 


TEL. 


.TAX- 


Rcralb^S^ribunc 




o 

x 


noLFHKJ) hr i«r m* nw n*n* Met mi humwiih iwt 


This a/ftr crf&cs August 31. 1994 . and is ayaik&lo ta ne*r subscriber* only. U 







! - 




Lk,.-L -W- -a -isTSjft 


- -• . - - »--A~.iC^afe& 8aEca 


Page 8 


TNTOftNATTONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1994 


DIARY 


Bonds and Dollar 
Weigh on Shares 


ViatoiigaMdn** 


Dow Joans Averages 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 




Metals 


Indus 3711S3 371M0 3«D33 37BM9 -*.« 
Trm lima 140*03 1ST8.SI 1SB3.10— 19,42 
US It! 32 18188 17987 18084 -0J4 

Come 129276 12905* 117783 IH377 -781 




bm PmfM 

Met ARC . BM ASfc 


Btoamberg Brnbusa Nem 
NEW YORK — U.S. stocks 
fell for. the Em time in three 
days, tracking losses in bonds 
ana the dollar, as signs of rising 
interest rates overwhelmed op- 
timism about second-quarter 

PHming s 

A slump in drug shares, led 
by Eli Lilly & Co., paced the 
stock market’s retreat 
"Stocks and bonds are run- 
ning in tandem,” said Robert 
von Pen tz, chief investment of- 


U.S. Stocks 


ficer at Riggs Investment Man- 
agement Coro. “That probably 
means the ability for earnings 
to impact the direction of the 
stock market is far more muted 
than the ability of interest 
rates.” 

As interest rates rise, cash 
equivalents such as Treasury 
bills become more competitive 
with stocks. Higher rates also 
raise corporate borrowing costs 
and rfimtnish earnings. 

The Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage, which fell as much as 
28.49 points, pared its losses to 
close down 6.15 points, at 
3,702.99. 

Eleven stocks fell for every 
nine that rose on the New York 


on the Big Board, down from 
233.62 mifii on on Friday. 

Stocks fell as the yield on the 
Treasury’s benchmark 30-year 
bond jumped five basis points, 
to 7.75 percent, and the dollar 
sank. As long as the dollar is 
weakening, foreign investors 
are likely to avoid U.S. bonds 
fen- fear of currency losses. 

Bonds, already unnerved by 
the stronger-thaa-cxpectcd em- 
ployment figures on Friday, fell 
amid nervousness about this 
week’s reports on wholesale 
prices, consumer prices and re- 
tail sales that might signal more 
inflati on and higher interest 
rates. 

Semiconductor stocks rose 



Standard & Poor’s Indexes 


industrials 

Train. 

utilities 

Finance 

SP500 

SPMO 


HUB Lav Oh* Wh 

52*35 51U7 BUI — US 
38781 38132 B2M -*J9 
15483 15321 15484 — Mt 


4487 44.19 4483—119 
*5025 4 45 V 44884—18? 
41484 41288 41528 — 9J9 


Spot 132380 1S48B 132288 1SZU0 

Forward B4W» 1541 80 10980 154080 

COPPER C ATHOD ES INM Grade) 

2*2150 34080 2*4980 
Forward 2«*480 3*000 3*4780 34080 

Wr Ptrm SSrSK* 50180 50280 
Forward 40080 40180 50780 59880 

NICKEL 

Deflnw mHcM . 


HMi Law Last StfM CWN 

js -iff WV-'BttB 

& IS: 83: be i«» +i» 

Esl vtdumc: 20887 • OuWlnt. 9*S»1 


- «i c/AT THfc CLOSE 

Delta Airline, Fta® %Z*£SL. . 

Jsj^sss^S^iss^s 

its • customer-service division, contoBW* 


BRENT CRUDE OIL (l PE . 

Its. doBari per BBH vH —sot mo barrels 
Amg. . 1880 1780 T784 J7J4 

see 1783 T7.10 1781 782 +854 

<W T78S T7.W 1781 1781 + M* 

MV 1721 1787 1721 1724+084 

Doc 172* 1457 1784 1721 +024 

j5. 17* 1780 1785 17JB +U4 

Feb 17.18 U5S 17.13 1786 + 051 


Spot 62000 62SBJO 417588 47PC8D 

Perward 435000 435580 asm amm 

TIN 

rwitir t bpp mriric ton 

Soot 531500 532Si» 530080 531080 

awc^ec w^ giW smM 5m ' D0 

SSr**^**** 95980 94880 
Forward ttSM WM mm mm 


» 1780 1479 1487 148* +0» 

TO 1485 1485 1485 1487 +879 

EsL volume: 44547. MM47 


NYSE Indexes 


Lott a*. 


Indwtrkd* 

Tito, 

urairv 

Rnone* 


3A8 344.19 347J0 —447 
30435 3BL3S 30523 — OJD 
3*584 2020 242.1? -273 
20427 30X79 20320 — OAT 
21026 20L49 20924 -084 


would eliminate 4 ’ 500 ™ i r? inej ^f t i nu i n o a cosi-cutting effort 
aimed at making Delta a .J^£SSbuic to the division’s goal 

Tljenxinctitnisareprqectt^to m 

of achieving $175. j$out 20 percent of the 

3§5— 

■rn -a _ 




Stock Indexes 

HTO . Low am emm 


Financial 


NASDAQ Indexes 


J F rn A M J J 

: 


W iw lb) a* 


NYSE Most Actives 


789.31 732.18 70429 —487 
710.12 713.90 71*39 —046 
74522 741.96 74130 —145 
889.9* 88427 8S780 — 173 
93223 927 J1 927.98 —05 
49127 46827 49181 -088 


for a second day amid expecta- 
tions that an industry report set 


AMEX Stock Index 


Stock Exchange. Trading was 
moderate, with about 22?..7.9 


moderate, with about 222.29 
million shares changing hands 


tions that an industry report set 
for release soon would show 
that new chip orders out- 
stripped product shipments in 
June. 

Asante Technologies Inc. 
dosed down 2% at 5, setting a 
52- week low of 4ft, after the 
maker of computer-networking 
accessories posted a third -quar- 
ter loss of 3 cents a share, com- 
pared with ramings of six cents 
a year ago. 

Bausch & Lomb fell Ift to 
35ft. The maker of contact 
lenses said timings for the sec- 
ond quarter fell to 53 cents a 
share from 55 cents a year ago. 


476*6 42*81 *3477 —CAB 


LACb 

TMMn 

McDnkJS 


Dow Jobm Bond A 


H m Law Om CbaaM 

3- MONTH STERLING IUFFD 

I5N864 • Pt> Of W PO 

Sep 9437 9*82 9*33 —063 

Ek 93** 91K 9353 —084 

Mar 9235 9288 9131 — OM 

45 923 TZ3D 9135 — 083 

5V 9132 ■ 918* 9130 -GO 

Dk 9123 9188 9123 + 081 

Sr 9128 9124 91 2S -081 

Jaa 91.98 9184 7188 —082 

ho «JS? 7084 7tt57 +081 

DtC 9044 9063 7067 +084 

Mo- 90*7 9043 90*8 +B84 

Jaa 9023 9030 9024 + 083 

EstvaHime: 4G281. Oaan M: 5398*G 
3-M0MTH EURODOLLARS tUFFE) ' 

SI witoa , Pt» 0*190 act 
Sep 9*74 9*33 9*43 —0.12 

DK 9*D4 9034 9332 —014 

Mar 9176 9144 $43 —114 

Jon 9325 9325 5033 — 136 

IM N.T. N.T. 9389 — U4 

Est volume; 411. Opto tnt: 68*7. 


FT5E MiaiFFE) 

CSSptr bMRMRl 

S«p 29246 21 078 2gM — 1« 

D«C 29908 29798 JW 

EAvafam: 12J2G Open Nit: 308*4. 

CAC 48 CMAT1F1 

FPttt per Mtx HtBf _ „ , „„ 

M 196160 193880 195*80 + 3MS 


Abbott Labs Has Profitable Quarter 

NORTH CHICAGO, 


£ ^ ^ 1 1 

tor N.T. N.T. 2BZ&SB +3037 

EHvotome: 1884].OP«iInL; 7UM7. 


fovrcea: _ M*M. .ASSOcUfte d P rm 
London tan minew rawe sbcmrpg 
M rrPTOM»EUftm* 


lEUftaw 


DMdnads 


loummea 
to induotiiolt 


NASDAQ Most Activos 


I NYSE Diary 


DOLLAR: No Bottom in Sight 


VBL Mob Low 
means S73i *7*4 

Inw 364*7 60 'A 58“/.. 

N«wONK 30403 39H 37V6 

Meoxmc 29323 13+4 IIH 

Oral 29321 23*4 23* 

Atmeis 21372 2BM 36*4 

erodes 19*10 381* 37*4 

AoUMttS 1441* *7+i 46 

SunMtC 15927 2016 

D-OCo»r 15433 39 27V 

3Com 132B8 50 A *3V(r 

SeoCBfe 1*907 2239 21*> 

Novell 13813 1696 15V 

WrtWBs 13334 20H IF. 

MO 13640 22V 22 


ToMteUM 
Newiaohs 
New Lows 


1019 944 
1138 1170 
445 7U3 


AMEX Diary 


Continued from Page 1 
than one analyst recalled the 
dramatic tom engineered by 
Paul A. Vokkerin 1979 when as 
Fed chairman he deliberately 
shocked markets into recogniz- 
ing he would let interest rates go 
sky high to end inflatio n 
“Things are nowhere near that 
bad, but the first law of holes 
when you get into one is to stop 
digging." said Geoffrey Bed. 
who runs his own New York 


Foreign Exchange 


consulting firm and is executive 
secretary of the Group of 30, a 
bankers’ study group. 

“The U.S. now is competing 
for capital with other nations. 
The Fed has to stop these 
mealy-mouthed quarter-point 
moves and get rates up.” he 


said, adding that only then 
would interest in the Treasury 


would interest in the Treasury 
bond market be rekindled. 

The price of the benchmark 
30-year Treasury bond fell Mon- 
day, losing 10/32 point, to 83. 
That raised its yield to 7.72 per- 
cent from 7.69 percent Friday. 

Nicholas Saxgpn, of Pruden- 


tial Global Fixed Income Advi- 
sors. said that in the past few 
years, he has led pension fund 
clients into foreign bonds for 
higher yields but kept about one- 
third of his clients’ money in 
dollars. Now only about IS per- 
cent to 20 per c en t of Us recom- 
mended portfolio is in dollars. 

What would get htm back 
into dollar bonds? 

“The Fed has got to get ahead 
of market expectations, «tiH then 
we’ll discuss it,” he said. “The 

ftdwifnU t ratinn alien has to have a 
dollar policy. Right now it sim- 
ply seems to be open warfare on 
exchange-rate policy." 

Mr. Clinton tried repeatedly 
at Naples to dispel the impres- 
sion his administration wanted a 
cheaper dollar as a weapon 
against Japan in trade negotia- 
tions and be repeated the reas- 
surance in Bonn on Monday. 

One Wall Street bond guru 
sniffed at such statements. He 
said “I think *sefl’ ” every time 
he hears Trade Representative 
Mickey Kantor, Commerce 
Secretary Ronald H. Brown or 
Robert Reich, the labor secre- 
tary, speak. 


AMEX Most Actives 


TottffcHues 
Newhfiote 
Now Lows 


Est volume; 4li. Open tittj 68*7. 
S460NTH EUROMARK5 (UFFV) 
DMiiaoaafl-Ptiatiwpa 
Sep 95.17 93.14 95.14 +081 

Dec 9*97 9*93 9*97 + 882 

Mar 9*70 9*4* 9*49 +083 

Jun 9*39 9*32 9*39 +884 

Sep 9*13 9485 9*13 +GB7 

Dec 91IE 9U6 9382 +G0S 

Mar 7381 7357 9382 +886 

Jaa 9X43 7136 7X43 +086 

Sep 9981 9381 9X81 +884 

D*C 9257 9257 9257 +086 

; Mr 7283 9283 9283 +086 

1 j5T nS 9284 7289 +886 

Eat votume: 4S87L Open int: 058(2. 

! GMOHTH HBOR CMATIF) 

9*8* +062 

Jva 9387 73*0 9155 +G1I 

Sep 9389 93.19 9336 +G18 

Dec 9114 9380' • 9115 +111 

MO- 92.95 9283 92.95 +BJJ9 

Jaa 9283 J25B 9183 +3JP 

Ext volume: 4G72& OMf! MU* 190*21 

LONO GILT IUFFU 

(Sbjw-ms G tratiaf tBBOd 

Sen 10145 99-25 14142 +b® 


CHH9W PM- AM Pw Roe 

- INCREASED 

Hvoer 1999 Trm M « Ml MB 

INITIAL. 

ABC Core _ ms 7-14 7-39 

OTOlt RE EOUtt - x 7-1 a M 

Modlcuf 5y* . 8 H W 

IRREGULAR 


SX £K ^SKS3SS!«»»i. 

.iaasB gSwgga 

eadl 3C?i-* amplification 
te^xxAioaira and the introduction of a diagnostic ^si«nfOT 
hi^-vdumclaboratones to give faster results from 
a variety of medical tests.. 


Sm 10145 IMS 10142 +M» 

Dec K.T. N-T. 10842 +0-20 

SO. volume: 4784* Open toll IIGIOG 


VOL Mgb low Lost 
Echoeov 12S45 11 % 10% II 

RovolOa 119*5 4Vit 4% 4% 

Topsree *153 6 5Vt 5% 


NASDAQ Diary 


GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND CLIFFE) 
DM25GW-a*SOf WB pet 


son 7250 9185 7249 + 05* 

Dec 9180 9U0 9184 +CL5* 

EsLvotume: mOTLOpen bit: 7151280. 



U.S. Said toLack Competitiveness 

WASHINGTON f^P) —The United Stales has not aol 
undertying competitiveness problems despite the Tecmt r 2J®£“ 
of tite economy and the rewound of many of its 
industries, a paid of business, labor and academic leaders warned 

^Tb^^^toa-^sed Council on Competitiveness said lhat 
recent gains in worker productivity, investment and eiqjort growth 
were, largely toe natural outgrowth of e^oimc rroov^y af toa 
xtoewionaBdaould not be confused with the “resolution of long- 
term structural problems'” faring the U.S. economy. 

A tiring trade deficit, a persistently low national savings rate, 
and the con tinue d poor performance of the public education 
system were all strong indications that the country's competitive- 
ness problem is not behind us," said Paul Allaire, chairman of the 
council. • • 


TopStcb 

QwySRs 

XCLLM 

lva*Q» 

P«JCC*d 

NVR 


*153 4 51* 5% 

8S3 tw BVi B% 
3724 l>Vn 1V k iv M 
317* 14% ISVi 15% 
2427 14 15% 14 


W-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS CMAT1F3 
PF3BGBBB • pti Of MB PC( •_ 


22S* 4% 4 6 

1471 T*U 1% tv„ 


Te*w lsiua& 
NniHtahi 
N9WLOWS 


11582 1U4* 11588 +1.12 

DtC 11*50 11144 11*88 +1.H 

Mar T1350 11294 n*W +1.16 

Jud N.T. N-T. N-T. Unch. 

Ext. voUimt: 1278M. Open tot; 0*277. 


1454 31ft 31% 31% 


REVERSE STOCK SPUT 
ORmm Comm 1 tor 2 mane 9pRL 
REGULAR 


S .io rm. ns 
42 .M 1-3 


Industrials 


4:00 cons. 
Z222S 19541 
1280 1377 
20129 200694 


. AtonUnum, lb 
Cotfoe. Bra*, lb 
! COBPtr cfectnXrtl&ni 
Iron FOB, fan 
LffQd.ro 

Stvr.tnea: 
stwltterwi). loo 
Tin. IB 

i Zinc tt> 


GASOIL Cl PE) 

0851 US. i Ww i par metric 

^ JM 187 JO M7JB 

•,1'^ 15125 15125 

<U JJD fta lann wy 

BJ* S3 S56 15725 

’**•' 16180 15925 

DCC 14275 14125 

JOB 16*25 16275 

IL4452 r«h K.T. M.T. 


laa*atiaf MBIeai 

U5J5 LHJ5 +125 
15R75 15*75 +125 
16050 16075 +125 
16275 16275 +125 
14480 14*25 +125 
N-T. 16325 +180 



M 83* 7-6 7+5 

M 703 M3 7-29 
M 22B3 7-15 B-l 
Q 875 M MB 
3 ISO 44 401 
3 1*25 6-5 *71 

S 875 7-25 B-1S 
JQ5 7-11 7-3B 
M 8625 7-1 8 7-24 
Q JB - 9-2 19-3 
Q 2B B-4 9-1 

3 .1425 B-15 9-1 

Q 85 1-15 M 

3 .13 7-1B 7-07 


Dell Will Stop Retail-Store Selling 

AUSTIN, Texas (Bloomberg) Ddl Computer Catty in a 

return to the strategy that first brought it success, said it wfll stop 

o-hing personal computers m five retail ch ai ns and focus on 
“more effective ways to reach die consumer.” 

For the Toas compote^ maker, founded by Micoad Ddl as a 
mail-order business run crit ofhis University of Texas dorm room, 
tiixi primarily wa^iw AMng orders from customers over the 
-telephone. Sales through retailers, winch ronce approached 10 
percent of the company’s revenue, are expected to dip bdow 2 
percent of revenue in its fiscal second quarter ending July 31, said 
Michelle Moore, a Dell spokeswoman. 


'xlilt 


For die Record 


COFFEE: Second Brasilian Cold Snap in Two Weeks Causes Price Surge 


D<m James A Co. said Monday its pmRt rose 15.6 perceat in the 
second quarter, to $46^miItion,- cm a 7.6 percent increase in 
revenue, led by strength in its information services division. (AP) 
Satin CoqL, a ttivisiop of General Motors Corp^ is installing 
simplified versions of “blackbox” flight recorders in all of its 1995 
models to retrieve- accident data. (i Bloomberg) 


Contumed from Page 7 
Alexandre Bdtrao, executive 
director of the International 
Coffee Organization. 

Traders said French retail 
prices could be 50 percent high- 
er by September and in Britain 
ajar of coffee was likely to rise 
at least 20 percent. 

Since coffee drinking was a 
habit, once lost it would be hard 
to lure people back, they 
warned. 

Simeon Onchere, council 


chairman of the International 
Coffee Organization, said that 
it would "tend to frustrate con- 
sumption.” 

But an executive at Kraft Ja- 
cob Suchard dismissed the- 
gloomy predictions. “I don't 
thin ir there’s a long-term hit to 
consumption," said Brian Car- 
lisle, a general manager. 

Prices have now risen five- 
fold since the beginning of last 
year, following a prolonged 
slump from the late 1980s when 


an international wgmcmcot to 
prop up the market collapsed. 

Prodncers said that the" frosts 
had a strong impact in a year 
when a shortage of coffee had 
already pushed world prices 

higher 

Many farmers had switched 
to other oops in earlier years. 
As a result, toe producing coun- 
tries, most of which are devel- 
oping states and are often 
heavily indebted, have little cof- 


fee in storage that would be 
able to benefit from the latest 
price increases. 

Mr. Onchere called for a re- 
turn to an international agree- 
ment that would have the eco- 
nomic teeth to lend stability to 
coffee prices, something he said 
the free market could not do. 

Analysts said BrazH’s output 
in the next year could fall to 
about half of the originally fore- 
cast crop. 


Boot OVflcw 


The Aaoaaintl Pros ■ ■ 

LOS ANGELES — “Forrest Gump” dominated the U. S. box 
office with a gross erf S24 mfifion over tire weekend. Following are 
the Top 10 moneymakers, based on. Friday ticket sales and 
estimated sales for Saturday and Sunday. 

1. "FomNGupM~ ■ - - ■ • f ftWm Hilj - 534 million 

2, -Thff Liao K3r*r (Waft Dfaneyt STS million 

3LT»»««r • ■ i— XPoodHoatcmomDoKt: vsmmw 

4.-BI rim Aim- {mofarOouiM u M ayor) . 558 million 

SI 'him Shator (Unhmoatr . ; sumlMan 

4.1 Lov*Tlroabto r . . rnwctataMJ V. >52 ml I Hon 

. 7. ’WON* lOohmbkO SUmmion 

R "Baby's Day Oo+ (T+eaMctn Centorr-Fox) 828 million 

R-wyattEtop" (V/Umoremoanl tv man on 

M. TIM FUnfatonaf* ; - •• (IMunaV - S27mHHoR 


(Paramount) - 
(Watt Dfaney). 


... ^Tto»taftO»rfMosF£ur; 
{moko-Oouw mO anr) 


(Unhmoan .. . 

nb i eWtaJ V. 

(Cohrmbkt) 

(Twe at iem Centorr^Fax} 
{Warner Orotneraj 
(UMvonan 




totSmun 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 
































JNTERJtATiOWAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 12. 1994 



T 




Page? 


EUROPE 


. •* 


For To mldns 








«> 


Tv*.* 

■ •%£ 


Bloomberg Business Ntrms 

x. LONDON ~ Tomkins PLC 
said Monday that its pretax 
profit, boosted by the acquis- 
ition of the food company 
Ranks Hovis McDougaD PLC, 
-had suixcd 50 patent in the 
: year ended May 1. 

The British conglomerate, 

■ whose products range from 
Smith Wesson famrigm^ to 
. Murray bicycles, posted eam- 

- mgs of £257.1 m£Dioa ($395 

. mOIion), tq> from £171 nnlfion a 

year eanicr. 

Tomkins sadd the increase in 
pretax profit reflects its poEcy of 
acquiring troubled businesses at 
.a discount and bolstering mar- 
'•gjns by cost-cutting and capital 
. investment- Greg Hntchmge. 'the* 

* company's chief executive, said 
this pohey had bribed Ttndkins 

* outperform the market 

* u the contribution to cant' 
,ing$ from Ranks Hovis 

- McDougall is subtracted, Tom- 
kins’ pretax profit increased by 

-• 14jgOOent to £130.6 TniTfinm. 

* the company said it would 
pay a dividend for the second 

% half of 4345 pence per share, 
making the dividend for the foil 
year amount to 7-38 pobc^ up 
16 percent from a year eaxfier. 

The company sad it had m- 

* creased its dividend by more 
'than 10 percent every year far 

* the part 12 years and “we remain 
committed to this progressive 

Sharefacideis wifi, also 
offered the opport u n i ty to 


receive new 4 Tomkins dares in- 
stead of the cash dividend. 

“We continue to benefit from 
jrowth in tbe U.S. economy, 
whilcm the U.K. signs of recov- 
ery arc becoming dearer,” said 
Mr. Hutchings- "The market 
background is improving, albeit 
slowly, and unevenly, while our 
order books, in the aggregate, 
tut well ahead otthe same peri- 
od last year."” 

Mr. Hutchings said Tomkins 
would continue to make snp id- 
tuns but that no majorporahase 
would be made in its existing 
product lin es. He said he consid- 
ered airy deal of more than £400 
million as a^majo®” acquisition. 

“7he cash surplus means that 
we can gear op for an acquisi- 
tion very easily, but we win use 
a major acquisition to broaden 
our product range,” said Mr. 

. Hutchings. The company ended 
the year with a cash surplus of 
£1 56 mfllion, despite the acqui- 
sition of two businesses from . 
Canada's Noma Industries Ltd. 
for $142 million. 

Tomkins bac completed the 
first stage of a three-year cost- 


■IfS 


gram at Ranks 
gafl- As part of tbcj 
the company 
: Hovis McDougaH’s staff 
fay about 3,000 employees, to 
24,000. The company said there 
wouldbe more job cuts, but was 

unable to be mare specific. 


flas SEAT Been Saved? 


CampikdbjOwSaffFromOlspcmAB 

MADRID — Spain’s 
agreement to help rail out 
.VoQswagcn AG’s troubled 
SEAT umt is a case study, say 
some analysts, in bow to 
sqpeecea government. 

After ax months of hag- 
gling, VW President Fercfi- 
nand PiBch and Spanish Min- 
ister of Industry and Energy 
Juan Manuel Eguiagaray 
hammered out the accord, 

. under which the Spanish gov- 
ernment win spend 30 biffioo 
pesetas ($230 million), osten- 
sibly to fund research and de- 
velopmcnl projects at SEAT. 

Fbr ^pam, which main- 
tained throughout the fatka 
that it 'would not give SEAT 
direct subsidies in’ help fi- 
nance layoffs, the tariff was 
the price necessary to ensure 
the company's survival as an 
independent brand, after re- 
peated threats by the Ger- 
mans to turn it mto a VW 
production line: 

Far Volkswagen, the pack- 
age fra way cl recouping a 
fraction of SEATs $1.1 b3- 
lion in 1993 losses, virtually 
afr of the German carmaker’s 


"With this deal the future 
of SEAT is assured,” said Ra- 
fael Casas, a spokesman for 
the Span i sh carmaker. 

The deal was to be signed 
Monday night 


The accord also ends a pro- 
tracted tug-of-war between 
the government of Prime 
Minister Felipe’ Gans&kz and 
the directors of VW. The gov- 
ernment had maintained that 
direct subsidies violated Euo- 
pean Union directives against 
government bailouts. 

' With Spain suffering under 
a 24 percent unemployment 
rate, the government had 
balked at putting up money 
to cover the cost of layoffs 
that VW was mandating at 
SEAT. 

But Volkswagen knew it 
bad the upper hand in the 
negotiations, analysts 
sairLMr. GonzAlez heads a 
minority government and 

needed the support of Catalo- 
nia. the autonomous region in 
which SEAT and its work- 
force are located. That sup- 
port that might have disap- 
peared if SEAT did. 

The decision that Spain 
would finance research and 
development, many claim, is a 
gambit that allowed Spam to 
save face and VW to save 
money. “It was just a way of 
disguising the subsidy” said 
Simon Rosado, secretary gen- 
eral erf the metals federation of 
Comi&ktnes Obrears, one of 
Spam's principal labor unions. 

Meanwhile, the Volks- 
wagen production and pur- 


chasing chief, Jo6& Ignacio 
L6pez de Arriornta, said the 
accord would be a help but 
not enough in itself. 

“The company has some 
very competitive products, 
and the deal is a big help, but 
the important thing is a funda- 
mental f h «m gr that must take 
place within the company.'’ 

Mr. L6pez de Arriortua, 
speaking at a university semi- 
nar, said SEAT must direct 
its attention more towards 
client satisfaction, improving 
the quality of hs products and 
the service it provides. 

In addition to the 30 billion 
pesetas from Madrid. SEAT 
will receive 8 billion pesetas 
from the government of Cata- 
lonia. (Bloomberg, Reuters) 

■ Rumor of Lopez Arrest 

Volkswagen AG and pub- 
lic prosecutors denied that 
Ws production and pur- 
chasing chief, Josfc Ignacio 
L6pez de Arriorttta, had been 
arrested for alleged industrial 
spying, Reuters reported 
from Frankfurt. 

Prosecutors are investigat- 
ing allegations by VWs rival 
carmaker General Motors 
Carp, that Mr. Ldpez and 
several colleagues stole GM 
secrets when they left GM to 
join VW last year. 


program, the company reduced MTfcn % O* T1 P* ■ 

'Pressure’ on siemens Front 



Canp3tdtfOnrSuffFhi"iJJlMpatdKt 

PARIS — France Telecom on Mbnd^ reported a 45 
percent jump in 1993 net profit on a 4. percent rise in. sales, 

the state- 


in 1993 net 

reflecting 
parry's debts were pared. 


charges as the state-owned corn- 


company said its net profit rose to 4.8 b£tfion francs 
($895 mfltion) on sales of 127.0 bOBdn, making it the wodd’s 
fonrth-Iargest tdecommumcations company. . . 

The net profit was after a payment of 15.2 bflfian francs to 
the state, and it did not mdudeeaniingS from units managed 
by the Cogecom holding c om p a ny. 

The company stid tdiffiaat wwnAmk ifimmit Fori influ- 
enced its results and its sales ore dime mostly from new 
services such as its Bi-Bop mobile system. 

In 1993, debt totaled 105.6 bSOftan. francs, down 6 hOKon 
from a year earlier. Fiance Telecom said. Its total investments 
rose to 35.2 bflfion francs fiom30J faiffion. (Reuters, AFX) 


Bloomberg Business Newt 

PRAGUE — Semens AG, the Goman elec- 
tronics company, said Monday that operating 
profit for the financial year ending on Sept. 30 
would fall as much as 15 percent from the prior- 
year levd because of price deterioration and 
stagnating sales. 

Noting that prices in some areas had fallen by 
10 percent or more, Chief Executive Heinrich 
von Piecer said at a press conference in the Czech 
capital that set income was "under pressure,” 
even though sales had risen 33 percent in the 
first eight months of the current financial year. 

Karl-Elermann Baumann, the company's chid 
financial officer, said that net income would 
nevertheless be ‘just under the results from last 
year” because profit would be boosted by one- 
time gains from the sale of the company’s pace- 
maker activities. 

In the previous year, Siemens' net profit had 
edged up 1 percent, to 1.98 bilfion Deutsche 
mirks ($1 26 trillion). The company has warned 
on a number of occasions that net earn mgs 
would drop in the cur rent year. 


Siemens’ share price reacted little to the news, 
edging up 50 pfennig, to 655 DM. 

Mr. von Pierer said that Germany’s economic 
recovery was not expected to boost Siemens’s 
«t rmngs until the 1994-1995 financial year. “We 
know that electrical engineering and electronics 
are always at the end OF the business cycle.” 

Mr. von Pierer said that the costs of shutting a 
nuclear fuel plant in Hanan had weighed on 
naming s this year but that the semiconductor 
business was making a profit for the first time in 
a decade and was expected to finish the financial 
year in the black 

The company said it expected to double sales 
in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union 
by next year. In the current fm$»nri«l year, new 
orders in the region were expected to exceed 2 
billian DM, or about 5 percent of the company’s 
foreign business. 

With 7D Semens subsidiaries and more than 
13,000 employees throughout the region, the com- 
pany already is well established but faces formida- 
ble obstacles to further expansion in many coun- 
tries in the region, Mr. von Pierer said. 



New Chief 
Of Finance 
Opposes 
Dual Rands 


JOnght-RuUer 

JOHANNESBURG — Chris 
Liebenberg, who is to take over 
as finance minis ter of South Af- 
rica in October, said Monday 
he would try to reduce the 
country’s budget deficit and 
move away from the country’s 
dual-currency system. 

“South Africa has been so suc- 
cessful in re-entering the world 
political arena, and now we most 
also get back into the finan cial 
world arena successfully,” Mr. 
Liebenberg said. “We must do 
tins by achieving what the inter- 
national markets and agencies 
see as reasonable and fair.” 

He said the budget deficit bad 
to be cut in order for the coun- 
try’s Reconstruction and Devel- 
opment Progr am — its post- 
apartheid blueprint — to work 
The deficit for 1994-95 is fore- 
cast to be 63 percent of gross 
domestic product. 

“All of us have agreed it’s got 
to be a lost lower, so the focus 
will be still on less government 
consumption,” he said. 

The International Monetary 
Fund has accepted South Afri- 
ca’s current budget deficit level 
but has urged the country to 
push it toward the more respect- 
able level of 3 percent of GDP. 

South African officials have 
said they were concerned a high 
budget deficit would propel in- 
flation. 

Mr. liebenberg also strongly 
criticized the dual-currency sys- 
tem, which has been in place 
ance 1990, and said abolishing 
the system would be studied. 

“Ultimately, we have to have 
a unitary currency and forex 
controls that are accepted as the 
norm by international players,” 
he said. “You want to do that to 
enhance investment rather than 
to present an opportunity for 
you to withdraw your money.” 

The South African govern- 
ment will have to prove that 
and its economic philosophies 
are sustainable before a free 
foreign exchange regime can be 
implemented, he said. 

Derek Keys, the current fi- 
nance minister, resigned last 
week, effective in October. Ha 
cited personal reasons. 


Investor’s Europe 


Frankfort .London . . . 

dax. . .n^iooiodex 


" .h'i.' • • „ 

. < ■*< ■ 



wLft ir 

■ V 1983' 

M 44 • Ann 

. .1993- . .> 

£3fiChJ»i80 

■ -V” • * >f 

Amsterdam 

Index ; .. . ••• 

•AEX ' • 

•CJob©. ••• • Close 
■ ■. 38W» • .. . : .^0^ 


Stock trxfex 


fraokfmt C 

DAX •” 

2^66'. zflsoj&y , ; ^ 

Franitfwt y v 

FAX--"'. 



’I 


ijondfln 

• ftoaod* Ttaes ^0 2&5Z90 •... 

Tjpffifqp 

FTSE1Q0. • 

• ■^S6a6a- : ",2^ss Ud <myzj 


Geriemnodait 



tm -t 


-y. 

CAC AO • • /= • 


— i> 

WCKBSW 

Aifemewaotictert 

• 1,785.46 .-Vat«R 

srat' 1 

• Smok todest • 

4S5L37 v ‘4S&4n > ■ ' 


■-8BS 

; msjBb -4 qAb:< 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

Incnrntoael KnUTVibane 

Very briefly: 


• Rayerische Motoren Werke AG has established a subsidiary in 
Mexico, called BMW Mexico SA de CV, that will take over the 
service and sales activities of Grupo Bavaria. 

• Soros FUnd Management has sold its entire stake of about 23 
million shares in Berkeley Group PLC 

• VIBeroy & Roch AG, the German bathroom fixtures maker, said 
sales fell 2.8 percent in the first six months of the year as the 
company sharply cut back its ceramic-tile offerings. 

• Qatar is taking bids for the extension and modernization of one 
of its oil refineries; the project is expected to cost between $400 
miTHim and $500 mOtion. 

. Nortel Matra CeBnbr, a joint venture between Northern Tele- 
com Ltd. and Lagaitfere Gnwpe, has won a contract worth 500 
million French francs ($92 million) to supply a cellular network to 
Taiwan. Retain, AFX. Bloombefr AFP 

Virgin Joins Eurotunnel Bid 

Compiled by Our Stiff Awn Dispatches 

PARIS — Virgin Group has joined a consortium that is bidding 
to design, build and operate the high-speed rail link between 
London and the Channel Tunnel and to operate sendees from 
London to Paris and Brussels, the company said. 

l /wrinn & Continental Railways is one of four groups planning 
to bid for the $2.7 billion ($4 billion) franchise. Its members 
include Bechtel Group, the U.S. construction company, S. G. 
Warburg & Co., the investment firm, the National Express bus 
operator; Sofrerail, a French rail consultancy; Ove Amp & 
Partners, an engineering consultancy; and Blue Circle Industries 
PLC, the cement maker. Passenger service on the train linking 
Paris to London is to begin in October. 

Will Whitehom, a Virgin spokesman, said Virgin would seek to 
introduce to the train services the same sort of mark e tin g devices 
that it employs on Virgin Atlantic Airlines, including on-board 

' frequent-traveler pro- 
( Bloomberg, Reuters) 


entertainment, special corporate rates and frequent-traveler pro- 
grams. 


5 KOREA: Kim’s Death Dents the Rally in Korea’s Stock Market 


Cautioned from Page 7 

these sectors, which comprise 
about 60 percent of South Ko- 
rea's total, jumped 14.6 percent 
in the first quarter of 1994, ac- 
cording to Jardine Fleming Se- 
curities. The economy also has 
benefited from strong demand 
from the United States, Europe 
and other regions. 

IF anything, the risk now is 
that South Korea’s economy 
might overheat next year, 
| boosting inflation and interest 
rates and undermining the 
stock market's climb. 

To be sure, the Sooth Korean 
market remains among the risk- 
iest in the world. North Korea 
is among the most isolated 
countries in the world, then is 
little hard information on Kim 
Jong ZL and it is impossible to 
rule out the prospect of political 
collapse ana cm] war, possibly 
nuclear. 

Most of the selling on Mon- 
day came from individuals, 
whose share of the market has 
been in steady decline in recent 
years. Domestic and foreign in- 
stitutions, in contrast, appear to 
accept the government’s expec- 
tation of continuity in econom- 
ic policies that have allowed 
South Korean businessmen to 
visit the north and engage in 
limited trade and investment. 
“There’s no real basis for pro- 

I dieting that the policy that the 
new leadership will pursue will 


be radically different,” Foreign 
Minister Han Sung Joo of 
South Korea said Monday. 

Foreign analysts said de- 
clines on the Korean stock mar- 
ket could provide a good oppor- 
tunity to buy shares. The 
Finance Ministry restricts for- 
eign ownership to 10 percent of 
most issues, but it has indicated- 
it mil raise this limit in two 
stages to 15 percent by the mid- 
dle of 1995. 

The increase coold lower the 
premium foreign investors now 
pay to acquire shares of compa- 
nies traded on an informal tele- 
phone market. The most attrac- 
tive issues, such as Fohang Iron 


& Sted Co. and Samsung Elec- 
tronics, are trading at premi- 
ums erf 20 percent to 30 percent, 
while Korea Mobile Telecom 
has reached a premium of as 
high as 90 percent, analysts 
said. 

But tbe benefits of the higher 


limits to foreign investors may 
be fflusoiy because tbe Finance 
Ministry plans to give a “warn- 
ing period” before the ratio is 
increased. “The purpose,” one 
foreign analyst said, “is to allow 
domestic institutions to bid up 
shares and fleece the foreigners/’ 


ADVERTISEMENT 


Schlumberger 


"Hie ondersiened announce* that as 
from 19 July 1994 at Kaa-Aasodatie 
N.VU Spuwtrasl 172, Amsterdam, Hue 
Certificates S rhhm htrgtr United 
ream 5 shares of common stock of 
USS 04)1 pec value, will be payable 
with Ms. tfiS art per Certificate 
repe. 5 shares and with Dfk 53,00 
net, per Certificate repr. 100 shares 
(di*. per rec-dale 25 lOST 94; US$ 0.30 
per share). The dividend distri- 
bution is not subject to laxwhh- 
aC source. 


PARIBAS 

ADMl/VISTRAITEliAiVrOOB B.V. 
Amsterdam, 7 July 1994. 


International 

Classified 

Marketplace 

• Monday 

Intematkmal Conferences and Seminars 

• Tuesday 
Education Directory 

• Wednesday 

Business Message Center 

• Thursday 

international Recruitment 

• Friday 

Real Estate Marketplace, HoUdays and Travel 

• Saturday 

Arts and Antiques 

Plus over 300 headings in International Classified 
Monday through Saturday 
For further information, contact Philip Oma in Paris: 
Tel: (33-1) 46 37 9474 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 

Cm&UTtUML 


CURRENCY AND CAPITAL MARKET SERVICES 





Currency Management Corporation Flc 
11 Old Jewry - London EC2R 8tMJ 
TeL- 071-865 0800 F*ss 071-972 0970 


FOREIGN EXCHANGE & GOLD 


24 Hour London Dealing Desk 
Competitive Rates & Daily Fax Sheet 
Call for further information & brochure 



Margined Foreign 
Exchange Trading 

Fast, Competitive Quotes 2* Hours 
Tel.: + 44 71 815 0400 
Fax: + -M 71 329 3919 


Signal 


O 130+ software appfcatwns O 
O FTT DATA FROM $10 A DAY O 
0 Signal SOFTWARE GUIDE O 
Call London: 1 44+ {0} 71 2313556 
For your guide and S ignal price fist. 


SAATFTCAJLL COMMUNICATIONS 


LONDON - NEW YORK - LONDON 
PRIVATE VOICE CffiCUrTS - &10K PER ANNUM 
| Calls to USA -20p per mfraieJapan/HotigKoi^-5op per mhmle 


CALL: LONDON 071 488 2001, DUBLIN (01) 67 10 457 


Fuller, Money the Global Strategy Newsletter 

C '/«rq DcriTS.' ilcid:': OTcr.it?: £ connect:;?-, , :ndiid>vj 
ir-,wil ru!--'(.‘r.ni>v :c. fcv P.-v; i to- ..p, (^national r.v.i^cr, - \6 

P'.iCC J. r'-.cnftiy. 'Sing'..? :s£ue> C’G err, ..cl ir UK r. &u;opc. 

.■Fi,- v.-.-rr- £1 s-C 1 C cheque ci credit cC-'d. Cc'l Jcno Pair a! 

•d p( 5, V Sv/cilov; Ljncon, V/lf; 7 HP, „f. 

To: Kenzo- J -' j ' u-*i » r > IK; or =. jt : 7 ) 439 4964- 



•,r~i 

tr: 


r 4 ." 5 
— . s: i: :t i 

■ H M M 


»»■* S Xmn s *» 

24 hours a day - only $1 00 a month! 

LIVE FINANCIAL DATA FXRECTTD YOUR PC 

fcjrpisrCCSS ■ 

For more information Fax +45 4587 8773 




jr-o 


ECUTetmhwestPLC 
29 Chesham Place 


FUTURES & OPTIONS BROKERS 


London SW1XBHL 
TeL +71 245 0068 
Fax: +71 235 6599. 
Member SF A 


$32 


ROUND 

TURN 


EXECUTION ONLY 


For Jurtber details on bow to place your Hsting contact 
PATRICK FALCONER tn London 
Tel: (44) 71 856 48 02 -Fax: (44) 71 240 2254 

rrTOCUTMftALI 


flh fmmmwu, nm « 


















































































ai-frff-i- 


l^!j£uO 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1994 


Page 11 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


V • , . 


s.„ 


L .Nr 


■s'. 


■* 'l 


-- ... s; 


Australia Dollar 
Halves Profit 
At Alcoa Unit 


•t 

Lv 

V 


- V 


bcrqf, 


-■ 


V* 


J 


MELBOURNE — Weak 
prices and a strengthening Aus- 
tralian dollar combined to slash 
first-half profit by 50 percent at 
Alcoa oT Australia Ltd., the 

world s leading producer of alu- 
mina, the company said Mon- 
day. 

Although Alcoa predicted an 
eventual improvement in its 
proftabibty* it said the r emain. 
der of the year would be diffi- 
cult The ahtminum industry has 
been suffering from oversupply 
but using demand linked to nn- 
provingworid economies and an 
international agreement to re- 
duce supplies are expected to 
boost profitability. ' 

Alcoa said its profit in the 
first half fell 52 percent, to 
2 24.7 million Australian dollars 
($91 miffion) from 255.4 nrifficra 
in the first six months of 1993, 
whoa earnings were boosted by 
a 59.7 million dollar gain relat- 
ed to reduced tax rates. 

Profit excluding one-time 
gains fell by 37 percent in the 
.latest period as sales fdl to 9823 
r million dollars froco lJ37b£Dion. 

The reduced profit was due 
mainly to lower U.S. dollar 
prices for the company’s prod- 
uces and lower sales volumes for 
aluminum and gold. A strong 
Austr alian dollar, which Ip- - 
duces revenue expressed in die 
local currency, also had an ad- 
verse impact, the company said. 

Alcoa of Australia is 51 per- 
cent-owned by Aluminum Co. 
of America, while Western Min- 
ing Corp. Holdings Ltd. current- 
ly holds 48^5 percem. Under an 
agreement announced last week. 
Western Mining and Alcoa w31 
merge their worldwide ahmawa 
operations. Thai combination 
ww include the transfer of a 9 
percent stake in AfcoaOf Austra- 
lia to its US. parent from West- ’ 
era Mining. - 

Alumina is a powder refined 
from the mineral bauxite. It is . 
processed into abnri mw n: 

In London, the 


Primary Aluminum Institute 
said Monday itat stockpiles of 

ahwuinuyp jn th<* nytnyrctliiwl 

countries fdl to 35.80 nnQicc 
nwtric tons from 3.644 nuffion 
tons in ApriL Supplies have been 
failing since eariy this year, when 
producers agreed to reduce out- 
put by about 10 perceOL 

On the London Metals Ex- 
change, spot aluminum ended 
at $152350 a iravup from 
$1512 on Friday. The metal 
ended last year at $1,10850 and 
was about $1 ,240 a year ago. 

Meanwhile, the Australian 
d ol lar is now worth about 73 
U-S. cents, up from 68 cents at 
the end oflast year. 

Alcoa of Austrafiaalso pro- 
duces gold. It said its output fcD 
to 57,143 ounces in the latest 
six-month period from 70,409 
in the similar 1993 span! 

(Btoomberg.AFX, Reuters) 


Players Merger 
To Counter Bid 


Roam ■ 

SYDNEY — * In an effort to 
quash a hostile takeover bid. 
Players Group Ltd. said Mon- 
day h would merge with Lanes 
Biscuits,Pty. of New 7*&\mA 

The Singapore-based Jack 
Qua MPH Ltd. has submitted a 
bod for Players that values the 
company at 20.12 mfllfan Aus- 
tralian dollars. ($15 -nrifitoni, or 
85 cents a sham Peter McGov- 
ern, the chairman of Players, 
said the merger shoul d end Jack 
Cilia’s quest . • * • • 

Tile new compan y will be the 
second-largest cookie company 
in Australia, behind Amotts 
Ltd, and will have annual sales 
of-more thanJOO million Austra- 
lian defflam Gary Lane, chair- 
man of Dates, is to be chairman 
of - the merged company and 
have an interest in 56-3 percent. 
The Player family and/ts assev- 
5 will own 12.8 per 


JVC Says Goodbye to Hollywood 

Electronics Company Shuns the Risks of Making Movies 


Bktcmberg Business News 

TOKYO —Five years ago, Victor Co. 
of Japan led a charge by Japanese elec- 
trodes makera into the glamorous world 
. of movies when it earmarked $100 rml- 
Hon to set up a Hollywood production 
and distribution company. 

Now,. Victor, a video equipment mak- 
.er better known as JVC, has quietly 
1 slipped out of the director’s chair. In- 
stead erf malting films, it is just distribut- 
ing them. 

JVC, trying to return to the black after 
two consecutive years .of .losses, reorga- 
nized its Hollywood strategy after judg- 
ing that the costs and risks involved in 
making movies were too high. 

The decision reflects the difficulties* 
faced by Japm’sefcctrooics comp ani es is 
the competitive world of motion pictures. 

JVC’s California subsidiary. Largo En- 
tertainment, had successes like "Unlawful 
Entry” and "Point Break.” Kit the Japa- 
nese parent wanted to find a surer way erf 
making money in Hollywood. 

“Midring films is the most risky part of 
the mooe business, because you don’t 
know if you will wind up with a good pro- 
duct until you’re actually done with it,” 
said Rybmdbi Asada, a JVC spokesman. 

JVC&consoiidated net loss widened to 
2 65 billion yen ($272 mDHon) in the year 
ended Mann 31 from 255 billion yea the 


for films in international markets, in- 
cluding Japan. 

"Distribution carries a small risk, be- 
cause you make a decision on whether to 
go with a movie after you’ve actually 
seen it,” Mr. Asada said. 

Mr. Asada added that JVC’s retreat 
from distribution in North America was 
tied to its derision to stop making films. 


Distribution is safer 
'because yon make a 
decision on whether to 
go with a movie after 
you’ve actually seen it’ 

Kyoto chi Asada, a JVC 
spokesman. 


The investments did not stop there. In 
1990, Pioneer Electronics Corp. began 
investing in Carolco Pictures Inc., even- 
tually taking about a 20 percent stake. 

The companies’ motives were simple: 
by stepping into the production side of the 
movie and music business, Japan’s elec- 
tronics giants gained direct control of the 
entertainment products needed to feed 
sales of their audio and video equipment. 

“The leisure market in the U.S. is quite 
big, said Eric Gan, an analyst at Gold' 
man. Sachs & Co. in Tokyo. Indeed, 
movie ticket sales and video rentals total 
about $13 billion a year in America, 
compered with about 65 billion ven 


($663 million) in Japan, be said. 

“Japanese dominate the hardware part 
of the U.S. market: rhev knew thev need- 


previous yean The company said in May 
that it hopes to " * 


break even this year. 

As a result of the reorganization, Lar- 
go no longer distributes movies in the 
massive North American market, con- 
centrating instead on distribution rights 


“Major production companies in the U5. 
tend to take care of distribution on their 
own,” he said. “And independent films 
tend to distribute through major houses.” 

JVC was the first Japanese electronics 
maker to move into Hollywood, when it 
established Largo with Lawrence Gordon, 
the producer of “Die Hard” and u Field of 
Dreams,” as chairman in August 1989. 

Shortly after, Sony Corp. spent $3.4 
billion to acquire Columbia Pictures En- 
tertainment and its music business from 
Coca-Cola Co. Then, Matsushita Elec- 
tric Industrial, which has a 52.4 percent 


stake in JVC, plunked down more than 
lion for Ml 


$6 billion for MCA Inc, owner of Uni- 
versal Pictures. 


-S. market; they knew they need- 
ed to control the movie side, the software 
side, too," added Mr. Gan. 

While the concept should hdp build 
the companies’ business in the long term, 
the returns to date have hardly been 
breathtaking 

So far, the biggest winner in Holly- 
wood has been MCA which took in 
worldwide box-office sales erf $900 mil- 
lion for “Jurassic Park.” 

“Nobody is making money, except for 
MCA” Mr. Gan said. 

For Japanese electronics makers, the 
poor return afforded by Hollywood 
could not have come at a worse time. 
After pouring billions of doDarrs into 
acquisitions, the companies saw their 
profits plummet amid a worldwide 
slump in electronics markets and a rise in 
the value of the yen. 


Investor’s Asia 


Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 

1 3KB---™ 

12EQD, 


Singapore 
Strafe Times ' 


Tokyo 
KMcei 225 



F M A. fct J J 
1994 


ufs ■" ®'F"«TM7i ] 

hm 


Exchange • 

bifex 

Monday Prev. ■■ % 

■Cta£B' Ctose . Otaris 

Hong Kong 

Hang Seng 

■ 8,33*94 &43ZM , -0.4S 

Singapore 

Straits Times . 

2.1BL25 2,162^94 -034 

.Sydney \ .. 

AS pregnanes 

1^8430 -0,19 

Tokyo 

Nikkei 225 - 

2M73L89 ' 20^3850 '■ 433 X 

| lOiate Lumpur Compose' 

88838 ..9^.78. ,40.11 

B«igkDk 

SET’ 

; 1,2783? 1^87.34 4X70; 

Sftwl ' 

Composite Stock 

94to.;ssa38 ..-am- 

laNT-:; 

•Weighted P/k» 

8^1339 4.1,95 

fttanfia 

PSE 

^543.75 . 238335 .‘-135 

Jakarta • 

Stock Index ' 

4SBA&/ 4SZ2Q .*039 

New Zealand 

WZSE-40 

1^94531 ,1.955.33. .4133 

Bombey 

Nalione^ feufex 

ijamJK. -. 133821 - 40.10 

Sources: Reuters. AFP 

InltraiSioiial HnaU Tribune 

Very briefly: 


Reliance Reports Sharp Rise in Profit 


• NEC Corps the Japanese electronics concern, said it won a 15 
billion yea ($152 million) order to supply mobile telephone base 
stations and switching equipment to Brazil. 

• Australis Media Ltd, the Australian pay television company, 
seaired'all six microwave television licenses sold at a government 
auction for 173 million Australian dollars ($12.7 mfllion). 

• STAR TV, the Asian satellite broadcaster, said it has signed an 
agreement with Poly Gram Film International, a unit of Dutch 
entertainment concern PdyGram NV, to supply 20 films a year. 

■ Swiss Bank Corp. will offer currency warrants in Hong Kong, 
with over-the-counter trading to begin Tuesday; puts and calls on 
U.S. dollars, Deutsche marks and Japanese yen will be available. 


dates' 


percent 


CtmgtUed tp Ow Staff Fhm Dispatches 

BOMBAY — India’s largest 
private-sector company, Rdi- 
ance Industries Ltd, Monday 
announced a sharp increase in 
profit for the year ended March 
31, reflecting a surge in the per- 
formance of the country’s cor- 
porate sector. 

At its anmial board meeting, 
the textiles and petrochemicals 
company reported a 79 percent 
increase in after-tax profit, to 
5.75 billion rupees ($183 mil- 
lion). The company also an- 


nounced a 5.10 rupee dividend 
for each 10-rupee share, com- 


npany, Reh- pared with the previous year’s 
id., Monday 350 rupee dividend. 


Analysts said the dividend 
indicated a better year lies 
ahead fra- private companies in 

In/fTa 


“It is great, but it was eacpcct- 
i of the 


ed,” said Vivek Parikh 
brokerage Janmadas Moraijee 
and Co. “And it is in fine with 
the rest of the corporate sector.” 

Tata Iron & Steel Co., part of 
the Taxa group, has reported a 


EDUCATION DIRECTORY 


ORIAT WTNN 



MMTBUTMN 


Assodate, Bachelor’s 
and Master’s degrees 


atauroampinesto 

Florida* London ?Straabowg« Parts ; 
HafcMbeig • Baffin • Madrid* Engalbarg 

and at the • 

Amerit^CofegetrfSwftzariant^Laysht 


Basinets MmtnMrattag 
and ottwf brndnass major* 
International total /Tourism MaaagemaKt 
[atanatlonilRttiatfow/Dfplomtqr 
CafliputerSysfoins Manafsagnt - Economic* 
Psychology - Administration 
Engin Bering Mamemafit 
Pre-MedfcJne • Commercial Art • Liberal Ait* 
French, German 

ForCa/Hoo. IMioaeor kd b ma ka tU vidm^wriUereUk 


SCHILLER INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY 

Dc-Dt HT.-TH • 51 Waterloo Road • London SE 1 5 T X • Err/ Lind 
Tel: '071; 923 3464 ♦ r«x (071) 620 1226 








- . 0 f ciiltuf 3 * . 

. <o efd ° Gen” arv . . 

• Jar * fll co^ 

itsSns hs."£sr 


Thinking About 
an MBA? 


Why Not 

International Business! 


T he American College in London offers a unique 
international MBA degree taught by some of the 
most outstanding professors in the country, 
intensive, full-time, less than one year program. 
Management, Marketing, Finance, 
international Business Practices and more. 


For information tel 


rmation telephone the College at 
(071) 486-1772 or write: 


The American College 
In London 


1 10 Marylebone High Street, 
London W1M 3DB, England 


THE 
AMERICAN 
COLLEGE 
IN LONDON 


n 


Classes begin Oct 4 



HOSXA 

HOTCL AND TQ4JB I81I MA NAGEMENT 
SCHOOL, SWITZERLAND 

35 years of experience - Tmnsfrr ntditi to US and European Unirerritia 

• Hotel Diploma Courses - I to 2 yrs • 

• Travel aad Tourism Diploma Courses - 1 to 2 yrs 


Far ht formal ton contort: BOSTA Hotel ud Tourism School, 

185* H Ley sin, Switzerland, Tel: +41-25-342611, Fas +41-25-341821 


ITALY 


1954-1994- creating designers for ewer fonty yams. 

Scnola Politecnica di Design SPD® 

, „ Crhnn , of D«ian, founded by N. Di Salvalore in 1954. Gold Medal at tile 

First Italian Schnoio Exhibited at the Universal Exhibition in Montreal; 

Xth toternatio^Tn^ei^^ XLEtad International Biennale of “Arts and 

ICSID World rentfe Georges Pompidou, Centre de Criation IndusttieDe, 

ft 


Send for a free 

copy 

of tiie 


IMFRWT 1 0\ AJ, 
EDUCATION 
GLIDE 

- their nrofesswnol qumqicanons ana prospeas qr rvwurumg manage- 

™ rtrorgtf recommended to attend our specialized 
m uJl intensive Master courses m bidustrial Design, ftansport Design, Fur- 
^H^UrvDessn and Visual Design. 

j 1954 the Politeadco £ Design offers the rich expertise of forty years ’ 
e ^^. Jis teachers are among the best international designers. Regular 
f Cpef ^^ e attended by small groups, in a relaxed, international atmosphere, 
ctudies and research receiveguaranteed support pom industry. Master 
October 1994 and end 15 Tune 1995. Requests for father 
‘S^oT^Zdcome. TeL 02J257655L Fax 63/ 270002%. 

Write to: 

Fred Ronan, 
international 

Herald Tribune, 

181 Avenne Chartes-de-Gaufle, 
92521 Neuffly Cedex, 
France 


42 percent jump in set profit 
tor the latest fiscal year to 1B1 
bfifion rupees, and the tobacco 
concent ITC Ltd/s after-tax 
profit was 2.06 billion rupees, 
up 32 percent. 

On the strength of the Reli- 
ance announcement, the Bom- 
bay stock exchange, the coun- 
try’s largest bourse, rose 3.52 
points Monday, to 4,080.17. 
The national index, which 
tracks 100 stocks from the top 
five exchanges, was up 5.29 
points, at 1,940.06. 

Reliance is the most heavily 
weighted stock in Bombay, 
comprising 143 percent of the 
index. 

“This is the largest dividend 
distribution in Indian corporate 
history,” said Anil Ambani, Re- 
liance’s joint managing direc- 


tor. The dividend payout will 
amount to 1.4 billion rupees. 

The results came just after 
Reliance became the first Indi- 


• Marubeni Corp- the Japanese trading company, said it will 
acquire Royal Dutch/Shefl Group’s seed-breeding affiliate. Agri- 
pro Bkjsdence lnc_, for an undisclosed amount 


• Australia’s budget deficit improved in the year ended June 30, to 
13.67 billion Australian dollars, cc 


an company to be listed among 
lareesl 


compared with the previous 
year’s deficit of 1457 billion, the Finance Department said. 

AFX, AFP. Reuters. Bloomberg 


the 50 largest companies in the 
world’s emerging markets by 
Business Week ma gazine- Its 
growth is partly due to the ex- 
pansion of the domestic plastics 
market 

Reliance’s sales totaled S3.35 
billion rupees, up 30 percent 
from 41.05 billion in the previ- 


ous cal year, reflecting the cur- 
rent buliisl 


ish market for compa- 
ucts such as polyester 


Reliance also benefited from 
cheap funds it raised through 
three bond issues totalling 5590 
million. 

(Reuters. Bloomberg) 


Trading Probe in Tokyo 


Agence France- Prase 

TOKYO — The T<kyo Stock Exchant 
trading in Mitsubishi Oil Co. shares, which soared in heavy 
volume Monday before the company announced the auspi- 
cious results of test drilling in Vietnam, a news report said. 

Jiji Press said the exchange suspected that inside informa- 
tion about the results of the test had been leaked before the 
announcement was made. 90 minutes after the market closed. 

The company’s share price jumped to 1.160 yen (SI 1.76) at 
one stage Monday, its highest level so far tins year, before 


• to close at~], 150 yen, up 40. Turnover almost tripled, 
to 1457 million shares from Friday’s 554 million. 


GET A BIGGER PICTURE on 

AMERICAN BUSWESS 



These two reference books are invaluable for investors, 
analysts, career changers, sales executives, journalists, and 
researchers — anyone with a need to know about dynamic and 
rapidly growing American companies. 


Hoover’s Handbook of American Business1994 


This reference work provides 505 two-pa ge p rofiles of America's 
largest and most influential companies (1 j277 pages): 

• Over 450 major U.S. publicly quoted companies 

• Top young growth companies 

• Over 40 tey privately hetd companies 

• Companies from aerospace to textiles, microchips 
Each succinct company profile contains operations 

,, overviews and financial information, addresses and phone 

numbers. Also indudes complete indexes by industry, 

§■ headquarters location, people, companies, and brand names. 


Hoover’s Handbook of Emerging Companies 1993-T9S4 


250 of America's most exciting growth enterprises. 

Includes well-known, high-prtmle leaders in their fields, as well as 
lesser-known companies with the potential for explosive growth. 

• Quoted companies, from Acclaim Entertainment to Zoom 
Telephonies. 

• Key privately held companies such as Apple founder Steve 
Jobs s NeXT Inc. and microbrewer Boston Beer. 

• New high-tech companies, such as 3DO, and older 

come on strong like century- 

old Tootae Roil. 



products and brandnames, and executives. Plus indexes by 
industry, by headquarters location, and of people, companies, 
and brand names. 


Published by The Reference Press, Inc., Austin, Texas, 
and available through the International Herald Tribune. 

Hcralb^eribunc,- , 

ft rt*w~P~nw*m v W- mw ■HP CT iW C ■ 


Return 

37 


Please send me- 


■ order to: fritemationa} Herald Tribune, Offers, 

" , London SW20 aw, England 

Or Fax to: (4481) 9448243 

-sets of HOOVERS HANDBOOK OF AMERICAN 


12-7-94 


BUSINESS 1994 and HOOVER'S HANDBOOK OF EMERGW& COMPANIES 
1993-1994 at UK £ 54 (US$75) per set, plus postage per copy: U.S. and U.K. 
£350; rest erf Europe and Canada £825; rest of world £14. Pfease afcw 3 to 4 
weeks for ddvery. 


Name 


W BLOCK LETTUS 
Compan y _ 


Address. 


Cily/CateAIOun&y. 


Payment b by credft card only. Pfease charge to my credit card: 

□ Access □ Amex □ Oners □ Eirocarti □ MasterCard Q Visa 


Card.NL 


.Exp. Date. 


I 


Signature. 


I 


(wx^fer craft csdpuiriiaseil | 

I^CargaryEECVATENj^.i^J „ 1^, L.LJL-^L^ M J 



_• - 




r 









































































The conference* 

Europe sliding 

wi U be addressed by ofr industry 
experts from the>orld over. _ 



OIL & MONEY 

. London • October 17 & 18 

The Oil Daily Group 3IctalbS®!l b - ttttC 


For further information 
on the conference, please contact : 

Brenda Erdmann Hagerty 
International Herald Tribune 
63 Long Acre, London WC2E 9JH. England 
Tel: (44 71) 836 4802 
Fax: (44 71) 836 0717 























































































•ioas 


&8SSS 


Page 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, .TUESDAY, JULY 12* 1994 


SPORTS 


ft 


Expos Overtake Braves 
With Defeat of Padres 


The Aswaued Press 

After opening the season 13- 
1, the Atlanta Braves looked 
like runaway winners in the Na- 
tional League East. Now look 
who’s in second place. 

Atlanta is looking up in the 
standings for the first lime since 
Sept. 9 of last season. The Mon- 
treal Expos finally caught the 


NL ROUNDUP 


Braves after nipping at (heir 
heels for a month. 

Montreal, which trailed At- 
lanta by 8£ games before the 
season was even a month old, 
won tbeir fourth straight game 
Sunday, an 8-2 victory over the 
San Diego Padres. 

WO Cordero, named to re- 
place Cincinnati's Barry Larkin 
on the NL’s All-Star team be- 
fore the game, hit his first career 
grand slam as the Expos com- 

f leted a four-game sweep of the 
adres. 

“Things have really come to- 
gether for this t eam. " Cordero 
said. “Things have come togeth- 
er for me. 1 mean, making the 
All-Star team is just unbeliev- 
able. This is something you 
dream for." 

The Expos, who outscored 
the Padres, 34-3, in the series, 
have been a nightmare for the 
Padres. 

Sunday’s victory was Mon- 
treal’s ninth straight over San 
Diego, and the Expos' 19th in 
21 games with the Padres. 

“We could have been playing 
anybody the way we were play- 
ing,” said, Felipe Alou, Montre- 
al’s manager. “The kind of pres- 
sure we put on them in these 
four games, not too many peo- 
ple can handle that." 

Moises Alou hit two homers 
and Jeff Fassero shut down the 
Padres after giving up two runs 
in the first inning. He gave up 
six hits and struck out eight in 
Six inning s. 


Angeles, Bobby Bonilla, Rico 
Brogna and Joe Orsulak ho- 
mer ed to back eight solid in- 
nings by Bret Saberhagcn. Sa- 
berhagen ran his career record 
against the Dodgers to 5-0 with 
his third straight victory. 

Pedro Astado gave up just 
two hits in seven innings, strik- 
ing out 1 0. He took his First loss 
since June 1 in Atlanta. 

Jeff Kent was hit by Astado 
with one out in the second, and 
Brogna, a rookie, homered for 
the fifth time in 10 games. 


Astros 5, Cubs 3: Orlando 
Miller, playing his third major- 
league game, hit two home runs 
out of Wrigley Field. Jeff Bag- 
well drove in bis NL-leading 82d 
run and Fete Harnisch got his 
third straight victory for Hous- 
ton, which enters the All-Star 
break 2 Vi games behind Cincin- 
nati in the Central Division. 

Miller, called up from Gass 
AAA Tucson on Wednesday, 
hit his First homer in the fourth, 
giving the Astros a 3-0 lead. In 
the eighth. Miller homered 
again, making it 5-1. 

Kevin Foster took the loss, 
giving up six hits and four walks 
in six innings. 


Giants 2, PWIfies 1: Pinch- 
hitter Jeff Reed’s single in the 
20th scored Dave Martinez to 
give San Francisco a four-game 
sweep of the visiting Philadel- 
phia. 

Reed's two-out single off 
Doug Jones drove in Martinez, 
who led off with a single and 
moved to second on Royce 


Dayton's sacrifice. Dave Burba 
pitched m innings for the vic- 
tory. 

Bobby Munoz, the Phillies' 
starter, took a three-hit shutout 
into the ninth before Darien 
Lewis led off with his fourth 
homer. 

The Phillies have lost six 
straight games, their longest 
streak this season. 

Martins 6, Rockies 4: In Mi- 
ami, pinch-hitter Mario Diaz 
hit a bases-! oaded triple and the 
Marlins rallied from a four-run 
deficit for their third straight 
victory. 

Bret Barberie doubled, ho- 
mered and scored twice for the 
Marlins. They unproved to 7-2 
against Colorado, clinching the 
season series in the match of 
second-year teams. 

Florida trailed. 4-2, when 
Barberie led off the sixth inning 
with a double against Mike 
Harkey. Kurt Abbott singled 
and Bob Natal walked to load 
the bases. Diaz then tripled on a 
3-2 pitch to clear the bases. 

In an earlier game, reported 
Monday in some editions of the 
Herlaa Tribune 

Canfinals 6, Braves 1: In At- 
lanta, Mark Whiten hit a three- 
run homer in support of Allen 
Watson, and the Cardinals 
reached the All-Star break at 
.500. 

Sl Louis entered the three- 
day All-Star break at 42-42, 
taking two of three games from 
the Braves after a five-game los- 
ing streak. The Braves (52-33) 
have lost nine erf 1 15 games. 



By Qaiie Smith 

flew Yak 7Jm*f Servlet 

NEW YORK —Strike. Like. 
* gian t $tonn cloud, that 1 word 
wQl hang over Pittsburgh this 
weak, obscuring what would 
otherwise be baseball's most 


joyous event - — the annual All- 
Star Game. 


ar Game. 

The : game will be jpla.yed 


.some in major league baseball 
as being greater than last year 
highly successful AILStar wgdk 
inBaltimore. 

Perhaps the ticket demand is 
so great because ofthe won- 
drous mimbersbeing posted by 
players Bice Jeff Bagwdl ana 
Ken Griffey Jr. But perhaps 
Pittsbnnih has- also become the 


4 (. 


Aim Hetaenfeh/Tbc Anocfetad ha 


Omar Vizqoel, the Intfians’ shortstop, taking a big step over the Twins’ Rich Becker after 
the forceout at second and watching as his throw to first completed the double play. 


View From the Top: A Rare Perspective for Indians 


Mel Rojas pitched the final 
ree innings for his 15th save. 


three inning s for his 15th save. 

Joey Hamilton was rocked in 
the worst outing of his young 
career. He lasted five innings 
and allowed seven runs and sev- 
en hits, including one of AIou's 
homers and Cordero’s grand 
slam. 

Pirates 7, Reds & Tom Fo- 
ley’s one-out double in the 1 1th 
scored pinch-runner A1 Martin 
as Pittsburgh overcame a 6-0 
deficit at Cincinnati. 

Don Slaught, pinch-hitting 
for Steve Cooke, walked lead- 
ing off and was replaced by 
Martin, lance Parrish sacri- 
ficed before Foley doubled 
down the right-field line off 
Hector Carrasco. 

Bias Minor got the final three 
outs for his first save as the 
Pirates snapped a four-game 
losing streak with their first vic- 
tory at Riverfront Stadium 
since July 2, 1993. 

Trailing 6-0, Brian Hunter hit 
his second career grand slam in 
the sixth before the Pirates tied 
it with two in the eighth. 

Mels 5, Dodgers 1: In Los 


The Aaodalad Press 

The Geveland Indians will 
not use the All-Star break to 
celebrate tbeir shocking occu- 
pancy of first place in the Cen- 
tral Division, with the best per- 
centage in the American League. 

They will be thinking about 
staying in the race in the second 
half — a rarity on the shores of 


AL ROUNDUP 


Lake Erie, where nary a cham- 
pionship flag has flow since 
1954. 

Marie Dade pitched eight 
strong innings despite a stiff 
neck, and Kenny Lofton had 
four hits and four RBIs as the 
visiting Indians rolled into the 
All-Star break with a 9-1 vic- 
tory Sunday over the Minneso- 
ta Twins. 

While Clark held the Twins 
at bay, Lofton was busy prov- 
ing why he is an All-Star. He 
had a homer among four hits 
and drove in four runs. 

Lofton homered off Scott 
Erickson in the first inning, his 
10th after hitting only six in 
each of his first two big-league 
seasons. 


“Home runs just happen," 
said Lofton, who is batting 
.378. “I have the power, but I 


.378. “I have the power, but 
don’t go for than.* 


The Indians ate in first place 
at the break for the first time 
since 1959. Geveland (51-33) 
has its best record at the break 
since 1954, when it was 56-27 
and went on to win its most 
recent pennant. 

White Sox 7, Brewers 2: Jack 
McDowell won his fifth straight 
game, and Lance Johnson had 
three RBIs and stole home as 
visiting Chicago won its sixth 
straight game. 

McDowell, last year's AL Cy 
Young Award winner, scattered 
10 hits, walked one and struck 
out five in eight innings. Bill 
Wegman allowed five runs in 
5% innings as Milwaukee lost 
its fourth straight game. 

In earlier games, reported 
Monday in sane editions of the 
Herald Tribune: 

Athletics 5, Orioles 4: Mark 
McGwire hit a two-run homer 
off Lee Smith in the ninth as 
Oakland won at Baltimore. The 
Orioles were three outs away 
from taking ova first place in 
the American League East 
when McGwire hit an 0-2 pilch 
ova the center-field wall. 

A victory would have pushed 
the Orioles past the first-place 
Yankees. Instead, Baltimore en- 
ters the break a half-game down. 

Red Sox 9, Mariners 2: Rich 
Rowland had a homer among 


three hits and two RBIs as Bos- 
ton — the worst in the Ameri- 
can League in batting — came 
alive with 13 hits. 

Joe Hesketh allowed five hits 
in seven innings. Both runs 
came on a homer by Marc New- 
ficld. Hesketh came within six 
outs of his first complete-game 
victory since 1985. 

Tigers 6, Rangers 5: Tony 
Phillips hit a three-run homer 
with two outs in the bottom of 
the nistb off Tom Henke to rally 
Detroit past visiting Texas. 

Ivan Rodriguez hit a tworrun.. 


homer for the Rangers, who de- 
spite a 42-45 record head into 
the All-Star break in first place 
in the AL West 

Angels 9, Yankees 6: J.T. 
Snow homered and drove in 
four runs, and Spike Owen and 
Tim Salmon also homered for 
California to back Chuck Ho- 
ley at Yankee Stadium. 

Snow, a forma Yankee, hit a 
two-run homa during the An- 


in the first and Salmon led off 
the fifth with his 19th homa, 
both off MulhdUand. , : 

Blue Jays 7, Royals 3: Juan 
Guzman matched a career high 
with nine strikeouts, in seven 
innings, and Joe Carter. had a 
homa among three hits and 
three RBIs for Toronto. 


gels’ four-run fourth off Terry 
Mulbofland and singled in two 
runs in the ninth. Owen, also an 
ex-Yankee, hit a-tworjun homa 


Guzman won > his second, 
straight start after breaking a 
streak of four straight losses. 
Danny Cox went the final two 
innings for the save in his first 
appearance of the season: 


Unser Races to His 5th JhdyCar Victory 


CLEVELAND — Al Unser Jr. got his fifth 
victory in the last six IndyCar races, beating 
Nigel Mansell by a convincing 23.89 seconds 
in the Gevdand Grand Prix on Sunday. 


Unser, the pole-sitter and this year’s India- 
napolis 500 winner, won with a trade-record 


Unser extended his points lead to 127, 
ahead of his Brazilian teammate Emerson 
Fittipaldi with 86. Fittipaldi retired from the 


race, because of a fire in his brake fizzes.. 
Mansdl, the defending series champion, 
moved into third place with 72 pmnts. 

Unser drove a flawless,, uneventful race, 
while Mansdl, in a Lola Ford Coswarth, had 
two dose caTh that could have diwimatfad him 

“It was a pretty good ran,” Unser said. “I 
was fortunate to get-a good start” 

MansdTs first mddem occurred when he 
was about to lap teammate Mario Andretti, 
who was vying to overtake slower traffic. 
They tangled. 

In the dosing laps, Mansell brushed the 
wall with his left rear tire. 


Pittsburgh has- also become the 
place to be because so many 
fans are now convinced this, 
game wiB be the only jewel the 

r t.wfiL be able to showcase 
year, so gloomy are fore- 
casts of along, bitttt strike. 

In other words, .eat;' drink 
and be merry, for tomorrow the 
game may die. The players bold 
in great disdain the owners’ de- 
mands for a salary cap, and 
they seem to be prepared to 
wield their hammer — the right 
to strike — for the first time 
since 1985: 

And unlike the relatively 
small blip on the; screen that 
was the two-day ■strike in 1985; 
what fi« ahead may turn out to 
boas hostile as tbe50-day strike 
in 1981. 

- This is the atmosphercrfnder 
which the' players and owners 
come together m Pittsbuirgh-As 
a result, the game ’wfiT provide 
not only & stage for the tafent 
but a platform for the issues. 
Flayers' Hfce ! the* Yankees’ 

the Dodgers? 

Rangers’. Ivan Rodriguez arid, 
the Expos’ Marquis - Otissom 
win laedy address the^iMon 
races their teams are waging. 
But fluey -win abo have to ad- 
dress questions- abotat ft-^str&B. 
and its possible consequences 
on those races/ • ’ . _• 

In the same way,’ Griffey, 
Matt WiffiamsS EcmflcTObmas 

not oriFy : about Mfieff’roi&iMd 
chase of Rbga Mans's record 
of 61 home runs, in aaeasOribut 
about the calendar prematurely 
running out on^ them/ Far. as 
Thomas said weeks ago, “We all 
know there will he a wade stop- 
page*” - • 

Indeed, most of us do assume 
that For those trim don’t, the 
Alt-Star Game wiD offer vivid 
warnings. Evenasthc All-Stars 


Of course, this isn’t the 

time this year, this week or even 

this day : that the real world ha* 
intruded "bn .sports. Tales of 
murder, drug use, spousal 
abuse, gamMing and thuggery 
have- elbowed their way onto 
spoils pages. with no end m 
sight. The «»« can be sard of 
fibbr issues. 

'Because the business of 

sports now pervades the cover- 
age of sports, many decry the 
loss of the; safe haven that 
wHytas once offered. Some ar- 
gue; though, that these so-called 

wmM have always been about 
business. And those who make 
that argument include the 
pitchers Goose Gossage an d 
Joe Black. . . _ 

to Gossagc's knowledge, fee 
arid . Charlie Hough mig ht be 
the only players to have been 
through every work stoppage in 
the mzgor leagues. 

Gossage, now a rdiever with 
the Seattle Marinos, was , 
rookie with the White Sox w 


1972' when the players fu?t 
struck. He knew Tittle of the 


struck. He knew Tittle of the 
issues.that April, he said. This 
rmv4i he did know. - 
'• “1 wasonthe streets of Chi- 
cago with a pocket full of 

» 1 JU «T mmMaN 


other players who have con- 
voged on the city Vrill be meet- 
ing as members of the muon's 
executivtboaixLThat gathering 
wm cany just as hnidi, ff not 
more, import than anything 
thatcanpostibfy unfold ah the 
field at Three Rivas Stadium. 


change," he stud. *T couldn’t 
call Borne for money because 
my mother didn't have anyr” 
He at least had a sista hying Jn 
Chicago! "But ~hfa tninimiMTi 
wage of $12^00, once enticing, 
was how in danger. “I had $27 
in my pocket” £$ said. “It was 
scaiy. ’ 

. -. Gossage survived. To star in 
the majors; And, alas, to see all 
the battles: more strikes m 
198 0, 1981 and 1985; tfcelock- 
• out of playos by owners ip 
1973, 1976 and 1990. 

tjross&ge, long smceschootatl 
on the issues, says, “Everything 
is much clearer now*' And he-is 
a- walking example of how a 
ration has . learned to prepare it# 
members far battle. - ,• 

/-Before Joe Black joined the 
Brooklyn. Dodgers in 1952, be 
played in the Negro league#, 
aha he remembers how in t$e 
1940s, before those players^ 
could join the majors,let aland 1 ' 
a nnum, tbere*WaS widespread 
disdain for the position the Ne- 
^0 league owners hddon sala- 
ries. He remembers two all-stdr 
squads from the Negroleagues 
acted on that disdain by refus- 
ing to take the field before ah 
all-star game. 

"We refused to leave the 
cbibhotue,? Black, said. “The 
owners came .down, but we 
wouldn't ldtvel We got war 
money. We went all the way 
from $25 to $75 f or the gamc^ 

Modern-day players .would 
probably smde at such a story 
but cringe at suchpainy «wm 
of money. Owners would prob- 
ably cringe at airy talc of man- 
agement caverns but smile at 
nostalgic references to doll at 
figures. : ■- 


fpfii 


t 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 























fJM 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1994 


Page 15 


' ~ s- • 

. .1-, “ 


’ '-S' 

v 


(W®, 



the Pack, Indurain Takes Lead 


By Samuel Abt 

IwunaUonal Herald Tribune '• 

BEROERaC, France — Bio 
Migisbadc. 5 

Riding with his accustomed 
power, Miguel Intiuram t rashed 
die Tour de France pack Mon- 

-4ay in an individual time trial 
jand started toward his fourth 
consecutive victory in the 
>odd’s greatest bicycle race. 
t ; There had been some doubts 
about the Spaniard’s strength 
jmd speed because he finished 
-ijirrdni the three-week Giro dl- 
,talia in June after two consecu- 
tive victories in that race. 
Worse, he failed to win a tim e 
trial after dominating the race 
.against the dock in the Giro for 
, two years. 

| Not - to worry. Indurain an- 
‘swered his critics in the initial 
.'six kilometers (3.7 miles} as he 
Rocked the fastest time to that 
ijfirst checkpoint. Then he began 


Bardy 10 kilometers later he 
had overhauled the rider who 
.parted two minutes before him, 
Xance Armstrong of the Motor- 
'<JIa team. Other victims began 
± tuming up regularly in Indur- 
ain’s wake. 

JjT At the end of the 64-kfioiDe- 
ifer time trial from Pfaigucuxto 
“ — racm the hospitable P6ri- 
regiem of southwestern 


France, die carnage was nearly 
total. 

Indurain, who rides for. the 
Banesto team, finished at least 
four minutes ahead efalL 175 
other riders except for his main 
rival, Tony Rommgcr. And the 
Swiss, who rides for Mapei- 
Oas, was able to limit Ins loss 
only to a Mg two fnfriutes. 

*nu5 winner was timed in one 
hour 15 nmiutes 58 . seconds 
over a demanding course in a 
•stiffing beat in die low 90s 
Fahrenheit (30s centigrade). An 
intermittent light .breeze did 
nothing to loader the riders but 
kept tens of thousands of fans 
along the course from swoon- 
ing- .• • • 

“Despite the heat, I tried to 

do my mayiynifn anil I fhtnV I 

succeeded,” saidlndurajn, who 
can ondastatoalmostas weO as 
he can time trial. 

His face impassxvevhe gulped 
water from a big battle once 
across tiia ime min then.coo.tm- 
uedr "I think we have the team 
to defend thejersey.” 

Heis wearing the yellow jer- 
sey of overall leader by 2:28 
over Ronnnger, with Armasd 
De Las Cuevas, a Frenchman 
with Castorama, third, 4:40 be- 
hind. Thereafter the mnobers 
belong to astronomy. . 

DeXas Cuevas fimsfaed tinrd 


Monday with a deficit of 4:22. 
Thierry Marie, another French- 
man with Castorama, was 
fourth, 4:45 behind, and Chris 
Boardman, ’the English map 
who rides for the Gan team and 
who wore the yellow jersey for 
three days after he won the pro- 
logue mi July X was fifth, 5:27 

Although there 
probably will be 
many more 
challenges and 

surprises, 

Indurain answered 
the lug question 
Monday. 

behind. Boardman is in seventh 
place overall. 

Loolringwan, Roraingerpaid 
the obvious tribute. 

“I have to admit that Indur- 
am was stronger today,” . he. 
said; 

Rommger, who had spurts of 
bad luck last year when he fin- 
ished second to Indniam in die 
Tour, had a flat tire a bit less 
than halfway through the stage 
and lost perhaps 30 seconds m 
having 3ns wheel changed. 


Wearily referring to his two- 
minute deficit, he said, . “TO 
have to see if I can make it up in 
the mountains.” 

This 81st Tour will enter the 
Pyrenees on Wednesday and 
the Alps on July 19. The end of 
the thrco-weckracois scheduled 
in Paris on July 24. 

Although there probably will 
be many challenges and sur- 
prises before then, Indurain an- 
swered the big question Mon- 
day. He regained bisrhythm, he 
said, in the first eight stages of 
the Tour. 

He demonstrated that 
rhythm as he rode along a 
twisty back-country road that 
had several patches of melted 
tar. Up the gradual climbs and 
down die sinuous descents went 
indnram, his body immobile 
from the waist up lo reduce re- 
sistance, his face set in concen- 
tration, his line of attack 
through the many turns always 
tight. • ■ 

His power and speed were 
plain to sec. At the 15-kilometer 
checkpoint, he led Rommger by 
55 seconds, De Las Cuevas by 
1 :Q2 and Boardman, the former 
holder of the record for the 
hour's ride against the clock, by 
1:36. 

The lead increased by the 


• • T& t. . sSJ. 1 


next checkpoint, at Kilometer 
29.8, where Rominger was 1 :23 
behind, De Las Cuevas 1:59 be- 
hind and Boardman 2:28 be- 
hind. 

The road became gfntler af- 
ter that, its curves tamed and its 
surface smoother. Indurain 
kept pounding and caught and 
passed De Las Cuevas with 10 
kilometers to go. 

An earlier casualty of the In- 
durain flypast, Armstrong, the 
American who is the profes- 
sional road-race world champi- 
on, finished in 13th place, 6:23 
down. He was hoping to moni- 
tor his development in the race 
against the dock the last 
Tour and the finding was 
mixed: Last year he lost 6:04 to 
the winner, again Indurain, but 
finished 27th. 

Farther down the list was 
Luc Leblanc, the Frenchman 
with Festma who rashly decid- 
ed Sunday to expend his energy 

by im pressing fans in his native 

region and going on a long, and 
personally unsuccessful, break- 
away. 

Leblanc finished 26th on 
Monday, 8:04 down, and ranks 
16th overall. Possibly Leblanc 
befieyed all the hooey about In- 
dnram’s loss of dominance and 
thought the time trial would be 
dose; 



s 

Robot Prana/ Rouen 


Migad Indurain charged to a time trial victory Monday, taking the leader’s yellow jersey. 



Ws 


Except in Football, in 1995 


“Caa/tkd if Our Staff Fnm'D^padui 

“ SOUTH BEND, Indiana — 
” Notre Dame .will Join the Big 
;East Conference m all sports 
_"TT eKceprfoothaflmJniy 19R5L 
• ::~i *.*• Notre Dame was approved 
,,r % a unanimous vote of the Big 

'East’s 12 members, indudmg 
.... /. the recent additions West Vir- 

ginia and Rotgexs, according to 
jk written statement from the 
'Reverend Donald J. Harring- 
ton. president of St John's and 
chairman of toe Big East Con- 
ference presidents. 

* ’ Notre Dame has been a 
. _ "member of the Midwestern Col- 
legiate Conference, a nonfoot- 
ball conference, in every sport 
j^it basket bafl. 


independent m 

.. ' Notre Dame, was rumored to - 
be anmng the teams considered 
-when the Big East expanded in 
March to tue in Rutgers jmd 
.West Virginia, but the 
presidents and chanceflars 


atfaii in Briw U^iHiite B hip to 12 

schools. 

But that decision did not rale 
out ‘Vfiatwouklbe a m rapi e 

rfq ^rnT^ ajd J of 

Notre DanSc is k “jnst such an . 
coBCeption; 1 ^/ 

The stntggfc.m recent years 
of Notre Dame’s men’s hasket- 
banprograin has fueled specu- 
latiop -tte reboot would 
eventually have to abandon its 
ffftrrrn mcjm iod roendent m the 
sport to jgwn the benefits of a 
high-prefile league. 

That spocnlation reached its 
peak late last winter, as differ- 
ences between footbaB and bas- 
ketball interests within the Big 
East created what Camtmssaaa- 
« the 
mostjKrious threat, in the histo- 
ry of the conference. - 

Notre Dame was interested 
in. the poss&iBly of a new, 
scaled-down Big East -that 
Would have resulted had those 
schools with major college foot- 


ball commitments carried 
through with their threat to 
form a separate ad-sports con- 
ference. 'Hie Irish were one of 
several teams that could have 
been added to the schools with- 
out major football commit- 
ments: Connecticut, George- 
town, St John’s, Setan mil. 
Providence and ViDanova. 

But toe league saved itself 
With **1* compromise admiatio n 
of Rutgers and West Virginia, a 
move mat secured the contin- 
ued fuB-thne membership of 
Boston College, Miami, Pitts- 
burgh and Syracuse. But toe fi- 
nancial prospect of splitting 
revenues with at least 12 other 
members was seen at toe time as 
beingless appealing to toe Irish. 

Notre Darnels athletic direc- 
tor, Dick Rosenthal, said at the 
time that while campus leaders 
were considering future com- 
mitments, he continued to fed 
that joining a conference was 
not essential • (AP, NTT) 


Will a Smile Turn Up on the Tumberry Course? 


By Larry Dorman 

New Yak Tuna Senitx 

TURNBERRY, Scotland — There 
is not out Tumberry. There are two, 
three, perhaps even four Tumberrys. 

Now fair, now foul, now warm, now 
the cKmate and mood on the 
stark northwest coast of Scotland 
change more often than in the Europe- 
an Union. And toe swi f tne ss and vari- 
ety of toe changes can be just as 
breathtaking. 

The Tumbeny we encounter this 
day, the weekend before toe 123d Brit- 
ish Open golf championship is to be- 
, must be a dose kin to the day toe 
decided to invent whisky. 

Wind, Hire the poet’s whetted knife, 
slices across the Ailsa Course, Wowing 
pinpoint, cold raindrops that hit toe 
skin with a buck-shot sting. 

Whhecaps bare their teeth across toe 
gray waters of the Firth of Clyde, and 
just one solitary golfer is brave en o ug h 
to make his way around the links. ■ ■ 

Bending at toe waist as he comes up 
the 18th fairway leaning into the gale 
is toe familiar figure of Gary Player. 
Naturally. Who else could it be? The 
man, now 58, is playing in his 40th 
consecutive British Opm. 


He has been in toe championship 
every year since 1955, won it twice; yet 
his enthusiasm has not waned. He has 
been -practicing here every day since 
last Wednesday. 

A little pitiless Scottish weather to 
such a hearty soul is an occupational 
hazard no more troublesome than a 
spHt lip to a boxer. 

“Something happens when I get 
here, I'm telling you, s omething magi- 
cal,” Player says. “There is just no 
place like it. Tins is golf. Why, today 
was so much different from yesterday. 
1 hit 3-iron into greens where I hit 9- 
iron just a day before. It can change in 
an hour, a minute.” 

Besides, Player could tell you, this is 
nothing. You should have seen it in 
1973, when a tent blew into toe Firth 
of Clyde in toe John Player Classic or 
during the first round of the 1986 
British Open, here, when the wind 
blew between 36 and 49 mfles (58 and 
79 kilometers) an hour, and 49 players 
in the field could not break 80. 

That was toe day that Greg Nor- 
man called “the toughest ever in golf.” 
Since Norman went on to win toe 


tournament, the observation was self- 
serving, but accurate. 

It is posable to sit shivering on on 
toe promontory above toe 12to green, 
next to the monument commemorat- 
ing toe dead aviators who trained on 
the runways that are now covered by 
fairways, and look back to toe time 
when these grounds served a much 
more critical purpose. 

During World War L the Royal 
Flying Corps trained here; Hie Royal 
Air Force took over Tumberry during 
World War n, laying runways and 
converting the sprawling hotel into an 
officers’ mess and hospital. 

It seems impossible to believe now, 
looking across the links land at the 
scrubbed elegance of the renovated 
115-room hotel 

What must it have been like to try to 
land a Beaufort or a Blenheim in 40- 
mfle-an-bocr gusts like these? 

Landing a golf ball on a green is, by 
comparison, a small matter. 

This is a distinct part of toe charm 
of this place. As big as this champion- 
ship has become — and 48 of the 
world’s top 50 players are hoe to 
make h toe best odd of the year — toe 


history and surroundings of the site 
should serve to mitigate against play- 
ers becoming too bloated with self- 
importance. 

The elements also conspire to do 
that. Here in toe remote, craggy land 
hard by toe sea, there are no certain- 
ties other than that life is a struggle; 

On toe surface, it appears toe golf 
course should play easier than it did in 
1986, when toe field stroke average 
was 7S.4. How much easier/ 

The rough should be thin, owing to 
a couple of unseasonably dry seasons, 
and the greens are receptive. 

Tiirubeny’s course superintendent, 
George Brown, went so far as to pre- 
dict recently that someone might 
shoot 59 on the 6,957-yard (6349- 
meter), par-70 golf course. 

It would seem more likely for a 
phantom squadron of Wellingtons to 
resurface from the firth and land on 
the remnant* of the runway to toe left 
of the 12to hole. 

The most likely script will be for 
Turnbeny to show all four of its faces, 
and to smile, finally, on a worthy 
winner. 


SIDEUNES 


V NEWMARKET, England (AP) — Thefdnnrir Reach wonder 
horse Araaa was under intensive care Monday after under g oin g 
•V suig gy. . ' ■ 

- ; The 1991 Breeders’ Cup winner, now at aakh MtAammed ton 

■“ Rashid al Maktonm’s stud farm, was operaled on after showing 
symptoms of colic. “Arazfs symptoms were serious enough to 
- 1 convince us that we had to open him up to see what therooblem 

was,” said Justin Wadham, a director of toe stnd farm, ^vhat we 

found was a lot less serious than was first feared and,-provided he 
* 1 mb mMm! ctnoi- - thft Twramoas is eood. 



the Kentucky Derby and 
Ascot, England. - - 

Item Defeats Brazil in Davis Cup 

LIMA fReulers) — Peru defeated Brazil in their -Davis Cup 
American zone secoml-rocmd match and cameda chance to 
qualify for the world division, when Jaime Yzagabeat Fernando 

WHM rnatd 

ff “ *• «—* malchto the 

Rhode Island, the American David Wheaton 

of Fame tennis toumamenL 

McCmnber Ends Hw S-Year thnoght 

strokes ahead of rookie Gka Day and five 
> ? der y 7 f! rttfinSu.S ^pggiafg champion. Justin Leonard. It 


Queensland to Retain IndyCar Ra^ 

A^S^/^u^in^reria outride NortoAmerica, wffl 


^ r OTQu«Driantfs 
^aid Monday 



QjtU ' - ‘ ■ (/U / 

rfton oeople have attended 23 tour tennis 
"» 2" E np A8 percent from a yrar 

i^fTR^Sced Monday- (***) 


BASEBALL 


Major League Standings 


AMERICAN UEAOUI 



W L 

PCL 

ea 

New York 

so as 


— 

Batthncre 

a at 

sn 

Vi 

Boston 

« 44 

JM 

■Vi 

Detroit 

« 47 

jua 

11 

Taranto 

33 «t 

Cwriral Dtvtriee 

Mt 

T2to 

aevskmd 

•51 33 

M 

— 

CMcaao 

a 34 

MS 

— 

Kansas CNy 

45 42 

sa 

7 V. 

Minnesota 

41 -44 

m 

M 

Milwaukee 

3? 4S 

JM 

m 

' • 

tMtDtvWok 



Texas 

42 45 

M3 

— 

Oafckmd 

3* 4S 

jm 

3 

CaUfornia 

31 'SI 

xa 

5 


Sf a - XB 
NATIONAL. UEA»UE 



2» 


Atlanta 
Florida 
PWkNMaMa 
Now YOrk 

anc&MOti B B 

SO a 

a 42 ' JC0 M 

41 45 Aft YHl 

. » *, jib isy* 

■tOMrisn 

44 42 sa — 

camrado o a ab 5 

5ai Fnmcbca * » 50 " A* 7h 

as 54 an n» 


St Laois 

pl U Nw r a h 

CMcaao 


Sumtoy’aLtoiaScori— 

AMBIUCAN LEAG UE 

1 ■— » — u| n§ hi — f is > 

CaMnM. NL HIM 03. T. Daria 15) and Q. 
WQsan.- HnKtffh Pear It) and Rftriand. 
W ll MfcWX »d.it-CBn»n»»fc»a.HR a- eo i - 
twv RONkmd to. Saotn*, UewfieH (1). 
KmaCtr MO M M0-4 7 t 

Tarot* M0 m Oa-7 9 1 

GuMan. Mnoch am ith Brow (0) and 
•Mam; Qwm cw (SI and Bordirs. 
W— Gutman. W, L-Guttan, «. Sw-Can 
Ol. HR-TorMda, Cartor CW. 

U 1 
.« > 

Bmn Dattmar (3). Ottw ttL H a N Ifl 
and I. Radriaum; WDh, P o* v *r ert «nd 
Krotor. W Bo om . 7-T L-HmM*, 24. 
HRo— DalnRrFNIIlFa CHL FMids* CTLTa«- 
as. C jaam (4). L RMrtgna (111. 

i -«0 m-f M 0 
Yarn m on m— 4 » « 


FMay. Saringar (6). B. Pol Mi ms i [7). 
Cndn m.M. Udfar (V) and C Tumor; Mul- 
hoUand,PaH ISJ.VWctonanCWrHow* (f)and 
Slantoy. W Onl ay. 7* L— Mottntkmd. 4-7. 
Sv-M. Lritcr 0). HRs— Now Yortc, OTWII 
ne.Odlfonila.Owwi (3). Salmon (19), 

CD. 

OMrlwd HO OM m— 5 7 0 

BcMmara MO OB MM 4 1 

Darling. E cta w4 a » <•) and SMnNach; 
Mn*-,EkMxnin},Le.Smltittnea)Honm. 
W-OordiMl ML L— Le. SmWv Vtt. S v e c fc - 
trttoy (15). HRs— Oakland. McGwCr* (7). 
Bratus UL 

CNsUand IB NO m-9 U • 

IWanola MO IM NO— I 4 1 

NLCiart, Ranoff (7) andSAJamar; Ertdc- 
nv PuUdo (4), wtnis (7). Caalan (*). Cams- 
baM m.Aflunara (?) md PwtahWtdbw* B). 
W— 44. Clart. IM L— ertetaoa, SO. 
HRs-Oovatand. Lofton (10). Baarga CT2). 
-mama RS). SAIaamr (NL 
C M CEoa OH Ml MS-7 tt 0 

J. McDowofL R. HomondK (?) cni Knrlco- 
vkaj WMonon, umm (4), HWVT (7), J. Mar- 
codas (0). Fottor* (?) md Malhonv. Wrana 
CD. WML McOonWL 7-7. W Woam a n 4-2. 
HRs — MNaaidne, Js. Va Matin (4). Oticaaa 
VWitura 05). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
SL Larif OM 4M 020—4 7 0 

'Atlanta OH OM OOS— 1 4 1 

WorovArocBo (8) and Pagnaai; Smattz. 
WaMars (O.Stadan UO. Badroolon (?) t*id 
O'Brian. W-WMaan. 4-4. b-Smottz. 44. 
HRs-AttadaOBva O). SLLauto. WWton (?L 
H UB) in Ok OM OM NO 01-7 W • 
CTnrloaaH .HI n M 00-4 B • 
NaaoNh-Drer (4),RMamMdito m. Daw 
(7). Cooks (V. Minor HU and ParrtNi; 
ScfMuroto J. ftofflji M. Raaar an. MeElrvy 
(SLBranttor m> Carraaeo (U) aad Dcnatt 
TooBwMaa ML W-CoBfcfc44. L-CorraK»v4- 
4. 5 u Mtao r m. HRs— Ptttmurati. Hantar 
OIL CMmlt Bru m H o l d CD. 

Mi iU ral IN ON NM 9 0 

SanDMna mo aaa m-t 7 1 

Foaara, RotfM (7) andWefcatM-, Spehr (7).- 
HocMltoa 'neaka (»x Kruaaar («l Hodntwi 
(?) tBd Bl Jodnaen. Aasmua (?). w-Fobotm 
7-i L—Humltnn M Sv—Roho (15X 
HRs— Mnntraab Alau 2 (N), Cerdaro (731. 
Uaa York Bi ON «N-5 4 1 

Laa Aanatas Mt NO MS-1 4 0 

^nbariMf n. Franca (?) and VkmdJav: As- 
tackv Valdaa (■). Soanai (?) wid Ptaaa. 
W SutMrt WB NV 104. C-ANada, «. 
H R s - Now York. BaiOia (14). Orautak (0), 
Braana (59. 

M NO 0-1 I I 

N0 0I1 7—2 7 • 

Muw. Jones mens Praft UoOarttial (?); 
BurintL Fray m. Burta m ana Manwarina. 
W—flmta,M.L— Janas. 24. HR— SMI Fro- 
etoca. IXLaMto (4). 

Colorado m m NS— 4 11 I 

Florida ON IM ttx— 4 > 1 

Ha*er. M. Mata W. BUT <41, B. Rutna 


(PondGkanfl; Hooifw Amdno (iLMaf t Miaa 
(7X Jalimtans (p, Y. Para* <?), Nan (?) and 
NntaL W A mito o »-L L-Haritav, Ml 
B y-Nan nOL HRs— Florida. BwBaria (5L 
(25). 

N 0 
■ 1 

Ham li ctv To. Janes (7). Ravnolda <P. Hu- 
dak (?) and Swats; Fariar, Botitnaar m. 
BaatWa (OX Otto (P and PtnwL W - H pr- 
atato S4 L— Foster, 2a 5v-H»dak (15). 
HRs— Houston. Cantinttl (17), MHIar 2 (2). 

The Michael Jordan Watch 

SUNDAYS GAMS: Jordon Mvdl-for-4 and 
bad tom RBlsas Blrmtosham defaatad Cant- 
Dna 720. Ha struck oirt In ttw aacand Inidna; 
titta oocrtBcnfl? tadrtv* Ina rut In ttiatourthi 
aroundad out third In too sixth; bit a (Own 
Nnaia to ttdrd In Bm stwcnlh to drive In a run; 
and Uned ant to Ml In the nMh. 

SEASON TO DATE: Jordan b batflOB.IM 
(5S4or-29t) wtth24n)ns.7a itui« ila j . n n r tr l n la. 
33 RBL 34 walla. 70 slrflaauts and 20 rim an 
bases to 33 attomnts. He baa )« putouta. 3 
assists and f arms. 


TENNIS 


HALL OF FAMR CHAMPIONSHIPS 
Sender. Is Newport. ILL 

StoOtes 

DavHWlNaton.lXS. del. Todd WMadbrktoa. 
Auriraao. 6-4, M, 7-6 US). 


AMs Aidonfticft. Austria, and Gres Ru* 
sodrid. Canada, dot Kent Rlnnaar and Whaa- 
ton. LLS^ M. M.S4. 


AUTO RACING 


Clmrofand Grand Prtx 



out, If nay. and wto- 
cl.OI AlUnsor 
Jr M IL5. Paoste-ltmar Indv VS.«S.ULQ24;L 
(4) NtBOt Mansall, Ensfent Loto*T?401 Fard- 
C osw o rtti XB.I5; X (2) Paid Tracy. Cwoda 


Panska-llmorindy V7LSS;A(5) JocquesVIBo- 
nsuvsb Ctawda. Reyn ar d Ford-Gosvairtti XB. 
05; 5. 10) Stefan Jchonaeon. S w ed en. Penafco- 
ilmar indy vx U 

4 n») Jtnoi BoaseL B raft Lo*a-7N» Ford- 
Cororih XB. M; 7. IM) Adrian Fernandez. 
Maxiae Romani Umar indy VXM; 4(7) Mmo'- 
Ida Gugebnln. Brazil, Romani Ford-Canaarlii 
XB.SC ft (13) TOo FabL (tidy, Ranxad Itmor 
Indy VXSX 7ft (2P AteBonkuZampadri. Italy. 
UHo-TrXO Ford-C M wortfi xa n 


TourdeFrance 

Loodtos ptocMaa in MondaYS 444oa Matt 
ricwftakxBvIdmri time trial: I.Mtaue) Indor- 
abvSaoln. BanostaanehaurUinlnutasandSB 
fr on d s; ft Tony Rnmlnww, ftatt za rtond.Mn- 
pH Clos 2l« mto» beMnd; X Arroond Do Un 
Qmvbs. France, Castorama. 422; 4 1HM«v 
Marie. France. Castorama. 445; & Chris 
P oa nJiiM iv Britain. Gan. 527. 

4 Blame RDs. Denmark. Gewlss Baltatv 
533; 7, Thomas Davy, France. Castorama. 
535; ft Abntoam To) ana. Spain, mops! das. 
545; ft Arturos Kasoutu. Lithuania. Chant 
431; 1ft Ptotr Uorumov, Latvia, Gewfss Bal- 
lon. 4D4 

11. Gtonkica BariatomU Italy. MnpN das. 
412; 1ft NMo Emends; BeMwnv Mapal On. 
414; IX Lance Armstrong. U.S- Motorola, 423 
14 Jean-Franoob Barnard. France. Banaste, 
444; IX Sean Yafas. Britain. Motorola. 450 

Lead! eg evana riondtoas: 1. Miguel lodur- 
abw Spain, Banesto, 41 nawx 1* minutes. U 
s econ ds ; Z. Tdny Rem Mger, Swffae ri o a ftMn- 
P0FClas2mlRS.atiacanda behind; XArmond 
De Las Cuevas, France, Goatorama 440; 4 
Gtanloca Bartoloml, itoty.Mapai aasX47; X 
Th tarry Marto. France, Catoramo X5I. 

4 Thomas Davy, Francs, Castorama &M; 7, 
Christopher B uor dm m . Britain. Gan 404; ft 
Semi Yates. Britain, Motorola 430; ?. Abro- 
hsen Otono. Snoki. Mapal Ctas 431; IX Lance 
Armstrong, B-U. Motorola 431 

11, sums Rhx Danmark, Oewtss Bolton. 
420; 12. Dlamettaina Andautapcgpv. Uzbeki- 
tton.Pottu.ASi tXJcftanMMsaiiw; Belgium, 
GB 4404 M: 14 Flavto vanzsUa, Italy. GB 
MG4J9; ix pfotr unvmov, Latvia, Gowns 
BaftotaZM. 




BASEBALL 


CHICAGO— Called up Ron Tlnatav, catch* 
or. from NoohvtU* AA. Optioned Dana John- 
son. Pilcher. 10 Nashville. 

DETROIT— Stoned Coda Gospot. pitcher, 
and assigned Nm to Lakaiond, Florida State 


MILWAUKEE — Rscatled Jeff drilla In- 
Haidar from New Orisons, AA. Optioned John 
Jana, first b a seman , to New Orleans. Slimed 
Antons Williamson, third base man. 

MINNESOTA— Stoned Todd Walker, to- 
fleWer.andasstonedhlrr7lDFor1Mmrs.F5J_ 

SEATTLE — Activated Eric AaHiany, out- 
flaidar. from IXday dlsaUed llsL Sent Raaar 
SoflcefcL. pitcher, to Catavy. PCL 

TORONTO — Optioned Shown Green, mil* 
fi eld er , to Syracuse. IL. 

Naftanat Leawe 

NL— Announced Morwuta Grissom at Mon- 
tool wiB raptace Laniy Dytadra of pniladsi- 
pblaan »M National Loam AlWStor taem. 
Added San Frcndsco pitcher Rod Bede and 
Montreal s horts to p Wll Cordero to team rs- 
ptoctaa Onctrmatf pitcher Jose Rlla and 
mu rtstaP Barry Larkin who va lnlurea and 
will not Ptoy. 

ATLANTA — Recof led Mike Kelly, outfield- 
er. from Richmond, ll_ 5ml Jands Brawn, 
ouffMds r. outright to Richmond. 

CHICAGO— Optioned Btalmllstov.pncher. 
to lawxAA. Bought contract of TDdd Honey, 
tofleMor. from Iowa 

FLORIDA— Stoned Josh Booty, s hertstaiw 
and assigned him to the Martins. Gulf Coast 


a u a rt ertoc luA ara e dtDtennswHtiLnnceTel- 
chtUnnn, ile lan » iv c lineman, on tae» year con- 
irod; John Cavtngton. de f ens iv e dock, and 
Lanoni warren, nmnlne bock. Named Ron 
Taman scout 

MINNESOTA— Stoned Brant NovasoUfcy, 
tight eiMt to one-yeor contract and Odessa 
Tumor, wide receiver, and Cmv Blanchard, 
ptoceldcker. 

HOCKEY 

No M enel Hockey Lea s e e 

BUFFALO— Agreed to terms with Scott Nl- 
dwl, center. 

WINNIPEG— Traded Kevin McClelland. 
tonmnL to Buffalo tor future constdsrattons. 

COLLEGE 

HOBART— Named Edwted A. Wilson cess* 
§ ifi tw football coach. 

LIVINGSTON— Mark Haaan. baseball 
caactb nstoned sa be am take seme position 
at Southeast Missouri State. 

LSU— Promoted men* ra s lrt c te d eanttogs 
baskeiwi coach Johnny Jonas to a s so ci ate 
coach; men's parMtoie assistant basketball 
coach Bab Storttey to men* assistant basket- 
ball coach. 

MIAMI. OHIO— Named Charm Cotes 
men's a selale nt basketboll coach, 

MONTANA STATE— Kevin McLeod, mens 
0 » lg> C M |l taoriurftoll coadb rariB md . 

NORTH CAROLINA-WILM1NOTON* 
— Named KlrkSautnymeirsasalstont basket- 
ball coach. Named Jai Mann women's goH 


NEW YORK— Activated Kevin McReyrv 
aids, outfielder, from 15-day msabied list. 
Waived John Corns tail, outfielder. Stoned 
Seen Jahnstomb pitcher, and assigned Mm to 
SI. Lwcta, GCL 

SAN FRANCISCO— Put MUce Jackson, 
pJtcber.on IVday dtoatoled list, retroactive to 
July 7. Catted up Brad Brink, pitcher, Irom 
Phoenix. PCL. 

FOOTBALL 


PEPPERDIN E N am ed Geoff Min oasis- 
font bOMball cooctx. 

RIC&w-NamtdQirtePcrtarMTtrestriclotf 
•am trial oaodL 

ROBERT MORRIS— Named Bruce Carrie 
MMeffc dlradar. 

ST. JOSEPH'S — Named AJ Lawson men's 
tennis coach, men's end women's tennis 
coach. 

ST. MICHAEL'S— Named Amy Atoflna 
women's u ssWcnt basks IbcSI modi 

SOUTHERN ILLINOIS - N a m e d Dan Cat- 


ARIZON A S to n e HydtoftwbeCer. raMrad 
ATLANTA— Signed Elberl Shelley, defen- 
sive bock, to anpyaar c o wtra cL 
INDIANAPOLIS— Signed Browning Nagle, 


TEXAS CHRISTIAN- Named Richard Ba- 
con aeslstanl basketball coach. 

YALE— Named Megan McMahan women's 
tennis co ordr. 

VANDERBILT— Named Kerry Keafina 
men's restricted -earnings b as k e tball coach. 

WESTFIELD STATE— Tim Buchanan, 
men's soccer coach, resigned. 



N H N » WWVUttai- idiw 


MDVG1NTHEU.S.? 
Now Printed in 
Newark 
for Same day 

DELIVERY IN KEY CmES 

TO SUBSCRIBE, CALL 

1-800-882 2884 

ON NEW YORK, CALL 212-7523890) 


ESCORTS & GUIDES 


BELGRAVIA 

ORCHIDS 

IOMMN MBS BOB AGBKi 
OBDfr CACDS VfBCOME 

UK 071 589 5237 


MADISONS 

08DQC , 

Escort Smice - GbS Ccni Aces^ed 

UKD71 266 0586 


BJTE-REGA1E INTL 

WsritfesdeEsgsiKwigari i wtrar . 
MWANDIADBSBEVKE 

TO: (UK) OH 5869298 


ANOBS OF SMIZBOAND 

Escort SenriB 

IgfA. Us Borax Lm n P, 


W7/« 4**7 sr 077/43 46 76 


TOKYO 

Enrt/Odde 

Smn 

TeL No. KB) BS1-227S 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


(Continued From Page 16) 


NJBWA7JQNAL BG0BJS 

jcnTB - rUUW* 

7sfc 2l2-?65-7t96 New Yak USA 
M^ar CrocB Cdnb Adopted 

PRETTY WOMAN 
OBSV A Eworf Wa 331 9961 

(WR5*S0U1H OF HtANOUOMXM 

ESCCST SSMCE 

PLEASE CM! LONDON 7) 3M 5121 | 

* • •BLONDES’ • 4 
MULIRWGUAL BOOT SffWCE 
C&/TRAL IOMXJN & WATHK5W 
Plwe Cal 071 730 0405. 

ZURICH • RUN ■ UJZBN 

NATJWJE Escort Service 

Teb 01 / 443 23 34 

••WOttr* bent Srvfce 
ZURICH * BARS 

Crt£f andMl 

fa ZUWCH cdb 077/63 83 32. 
OtercRy MMT +35-2-494297 

AMSTERDAM HJnBRY bcert 

OwCSl Tet D2M471570 

Cridt CantiAnapled 

MMHBBT 

Laxbe Escort Senior 071 5® <533 

’GENEVA • ONGS • CAMS* 1 

Escort Service i 

1st 022/731 90 81 

ROTiaDAM WHIPS 

6enrt Serwce 

Vftc 

GENEVA-PAR 1 S 

toast cany 346 00 89 awS cads 1 

UW0N SAHARA ESCORT SBtVKE 
lonfan HsMhniw Gawki Sonia 
(71 625 1756 - craft cards oceepted 

nnoi/iBM/BA& 

&wrt Service 

T*fc 077/88 06 (0. 077/88 06 70 

CHBSEAESOOKrSBna. 

ato ISOSS?" swl 

j 

FRANKFURT A AREA 
Mera'i tocart Aronr. 

PtaseCa 069 - 597 66 66. 

• LONDON • BCORT ■ SBMCE • 
•m:071-49P-28PP* 

MAYFAJR WTHWATlONAi 

LOTOON ESCORTS - 071 727 479 2 

•• GB4EVA WTBNATIONAL " 1 

bsirt jg | g~n 

Tek 022 / 731 63 52 - (57/259500 

•PARIS 1 LONDON * 
•ELEGANCE* 
toeert Sanies Lcndon (71) 391 5145 

1 TROKCAL ■ B00RI • AGENCY • 
London lleUtoew Gdwidt Smo 
TBs (71 627 8555 - OBMT CABS 

TAJ MAHAL BCOKT SBMCE 

MAJOR OH)fT CATOS ACCBTB) 
LOMX3NI71 2B6 410S 

LOtCON BRAZILIAN Escort 

Swvira (PI 724 5597/91 - atdt tmk 

TWTO “• BCOKT SBWICE 

Messr as* as* meeted. 

Tefcn 343S459B. 

BPARlS-BRUSSaS 

VP Escwi Serwa. 

tort 32 2 2801860 or* cords 


ft* Itow 1X3 11 532 11 V- 


•ZUKH‘SU5Ali* 

Escort Service 
Tet 01/ 381 9948 


MOMSON OUR - V®«A BCOKT 

ServiCB. &, todds Wmaeto 2a. 

0222/56 Si 84. 


HUNICH'WEICOME 

ESCORT & GUDE AG^IQr. 
HfittECmW-WaHL 


ORBCULBOORTSHMCE 

UXQON 

BEASE WOW an 225 3314 


STARUGHT BCORT SERVKZ 

hew tok ary 

Heaw call 212-517^449. 


'• LOWON * CMB8EAN ** 

Lcndon & Hecfhrw Eesit Service 
071 258 065/ Crait Cods teeded 


•• GENEVA ALUANU ** 

Escort Stria o«d TrnweUUfifajri 
Tat 022 / 31 1 07 34. 


JUUA ESCORT SBWKE *MUN * * 

COSTA SM8ALDA * COTE D'AZUR • 

0*39-28654 39 08 0330 234392 


HALT ' MBS * COTE D'AZUR 

Frmdi Biiera Escort Agency - 
PM 8*1 +39 184 34887 


RANXRBT KOtN HK5BD0RF 

ol arm. Ejcort SeniOL 


V6t4A*MBS*M0NAQD*ZlBbCH 

QJ90C0NTACT bfl beat + TrmaU 
■ Ssrvira.CciVieaw +43.1310(019 


FRANKFURT 

Bcertf 

TeLf 


CDMCCnOlfi BCOKT SNXE 
■LONJOrntfATWOW^ATWOC- 
n£ASECALL071 -589-6440 














Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1994 


SPORTS 







CUP 


• I) 

l l 


Old Order Changes: Once-Hungry Germans Now Down 


I 1 

•«f ■ 


By Ian Thomsen 

Imemaikmal HmM Tribute 

EAST RUTHERFORD, New Jersey — Rndi 
VSller, 34 years old and retired once already, and his 
st riking partner Jurgen Klinsmann, who wm turn 30 
soon, were standing in the midfield circle, leaning 
over the bafi. They wanted to kick it — couldn't their 


countrymen see? One was going to tap it forward to 
the other and the ball would get to rolling and the 
Germans wouldn’t stop until it was in that other net. 

That is the way die Germans play — you hurt them, 
they hurt you worse until you can't take any more; 
thty attack with a Doberman's trigger. Klinsmann 
looted over his shoulder and . . . where were they? 

His teammates were walking, half-jogging. 
Couldn’t they see he and Vdlier leaning over the ball 
like statues — the heroic kind? The statues began to 
wave as frantically as traffic cops. 

And so the Germans, the defending World Cup 


minute as he was tripped by the ultimate Bulgarian 
hero, Iordan Letchkov, while chasing a high, awkward 
bounce. It was a call that few opponents would take 
for granted — Belgium was cheated out of a much 
more obvious penalty one week earlier against Ger- 
many — but Klinsmann has earned the respect and 
occasional protection of the referees. It comes in 
deference to has experience. Experience would undo 
his team, but not before Lothar Matthlus, the 33- 
year-old expected to make a record 22d Wcdd Cup 
appearance in the anticipated semifinal with Italy an 


in reaction to Stoiichkov’s 25-yard £pat than the 


goalkeeper, Bodo fljgcer. His responsibility is to as- 
semble the wall, but he ended dp being blinded by it. 

“Now Tm going to retire,” signer said. “Fm not 
going to continue with the national team. I want to 
concentrate on my dob team and win the . UEFA 
Cup. My decision was made further bade: J would, 
like to have retired as world champion.” 

Matthias's international retirement is anticipated, 
but when he heard of Signer's announcement he said, 
“It’s not important now to ask about retirement. I 


champions, were beaten Sunday, even before it 
could dawn on them that they were losing. And they 
were losing to Bulgaria — Bulgaria! — which had 
beaten Germany once in 17 matches, which had 
never won a World Cup match as of 14 days before. 
The Germans, with three world championships in 
hand, had lost just once in 10 previous quarterfinals. 
Their rivals, Italy and Brazil, already had advanced 
to the semifinals — there was a private race on to 
decide which would become the first to win four 
World Cups — and each now understands com- 
pletely how much the world has come to change at 
Germany's expense. 

They were suckered in by friendly forces, beginning 
with a penalty awarded to Klinsmann in the 48th 


Hie Germans, with three world championships, had lost just once in 10 
previous quarterfinals. Its rivals Italy and Brazil had advanced to the 
semifinals — there was a private race on to decide which would 
become the first to win four World Caps — and each now understands 
how much the world has come to change at Germany’s expense. 


Foot mmutM after the e qualiser, the German 
problem came into focus. They wexesi’t scared and 
they weren't hungry — and sensing rids, perhaps. 
Vogts had sent Stefan Effenberg home for making 
an obscene gesture to the fans at the end of the first 
rwmd. Franz Beckenbauer was among the many 
who criticized Vogts for overreacting. . 

Nonetheless, they had won in games worse than 
this l-l draw wjth Buigaria and they we re going, to 
winagau^ orso the Germans seemed Co be humming 
to themselves Sunday as their 5-foot, 5-inch (1.65-. 
meter) ntidfidder, Thomas Hfissier, was beaten on a 
header by Letchkov. 

Said Matthaus, “We had oar smallest man trying, 
to defend Letchkov. HSssler is not that bag a cham- 
pion at headers.” 

. Said Vogts, “You can't leave HSssler alone when a 
player the quality of Letchkov is coming down oh 


Hare is a wwwrid onto devetotmfc 
taflS unprrftoabfe and as sprang “ the ta 
SSTSCSS began 


Wednesday, had converted the penalty for the Ger- 
mans’ first and final goal. 

Old men who fail to learn humffity can be such 
fools. All of the German strength arid history still 
amounted to one flimsy goaL The Bulgarians had 
been trying to revolt with one breakaway after anoth- 
er, even as Jflrgea Kohler was marking HristoStoitch- 
kov, the Bulgarian star at Barcelona, our of existence. 
As the Germans lock back an it now, they will see that 
they were stifling only Stcitchkcrv — and even then he 
was able to beat them with a free kick. 

A lot of the Giants Stadium audience moved more 


question the people who were ahead; 
retire. 1 question their preparation. You shouldn't talk 
about retirement 10 minnfes after the game.” 

The German manager, Berti Vogts, placed some 
blame on defenders for not j naming to contest, the 
shot, but be was more disappointed with IUgner’s 
sudden retirement. 

“It shows some weakness of character,” Vogts 
said. “This is the first real human disappointment 
for me.” 

Asked about Ulmer’s flat-footed response to the 
free kick, Vogts said, “It's good that he is quitting.” 


And said HSssler: “I have nothing to say on the 

second goaL Tm not supposed to be m there I was 

running, bat the pass was already there. We lost a 
game that we couldn't lose.” 

The last time Germany reKnqtasbed the lead in a 
World <Cup match was June 21, 1978, when Vogts; a 
defender at the time, turned over a 1-0 lead by 
accidentally putting the ball in Ins own net 
Meanwhile, the Bulgarians were congratulating 
Letchkov for more than his goaL *T had an interest- 
ing conversation with Letchkov on how Germany 
wotW play and it was very hebpfui,” said the Bulgar- 
ian cnt kfr, Dimitar Penev. This is because Letch k ov.' 
sow lives in Germany and plays for Hamburg. 


European Championships, weatenmg the 
OZJZJSZ, ?mra_nnd it has spread to the Balkans, 
Romania used tobcisdated and 

I ^NoS*^ay«*5 have seen the world,.. andto 
Wtso easily fotnnidated. The Bidganaas ckari X 

■ been thinking it cnrcr the last few days, but I- 

hawtft really made up my mind.” Mid 

asked about Ms own resignation. As long as Tm 

a wave of young talent, foran§ him to call Vdfler 
and Andreas Brefame out of tfnsmenr.'^ _ ■ 

The future isn't what it used to be, as some Texas 
ringer bag probably sung, and so Vogts is expected, 
to resign. Germany may choose to hue Erom its 
league rather than from within the federatwo. • - : 

~W C hi Germany have to start acknowledging the 
performances of other teams,” Vogts said. Other 
nations have caught op and we have to search for 
new ways. After mis defeat, we will have to show we 
are a real team. Soccer will go on in Germany, of 
course.” 

But will it ever be the same? 


Is Lack 


Compiled bj Oar Staff From DUpa/cfta 

BERLIN — The one- word headline 
Monday in Bild, Germany’s biggest-drcula- 
tion daily, said almost everything: “Out!” 

It was a surprise ouster for the defend- 
ing World Cup champions, losing 2-1 to 
dark-horse Bulgaria, and it reverberated 
like a thud back home. 

Fireworks crackled in Berlin for Germa- 
ny’s one goal against Bulgaria. But then 
came the two-goal Bulgarian burst, and the 
top item on the late news — reported 
before President Bill Clinton’s arrival on a 
state visit to Germany — was the stunning 
defeat of the national soccer heroes. 

There followed much second-guessing 
in Monday’s newspapers. 


Wm coach Bern Vogts survive? 

Said Bild: “Berti Vogts is not without 


Said Bild: 
guHt,” 


Bild and other media cast doubt on 
some of Vogts’s player choices. The ana- 
lysts on ZDF television thought the 
coach's postmatch comments — looking 
ahead to European competition — showed 
insensitivity to the magnitude of the quar- 
terfinal loss in the World Cup. 

The Berliner Morgenpost headline cap- 
tured the swift turnaround in the game 
with the words: “Bitter! World Cup Out in 
200 Seconds” — ref errin g to the two quids 
Bulgarian that erased a German lead 
in the second half. 

The daity Die Wdt asked Vogts if he was 
thinking of resigning. The coach replied that 
he had always said he would consider calm- 
ly after the world Om what to do. But he 
added: “As long as Tm enjoying it, m 
continue. And f m enjoying it” 

The fans had a different view. German 


TV showed scenes of delicious contrast: In 
Bulgaria, people danced in the streets with 
fiagp and music, while Germans at an 
open-air tavern in Cologne sat with leaden 
faces as defeat sank in. 

In Switzerland, the mass-circulation 
RlirV daily sa id the German team had 
thought it was invincible. The Btick head- 
line read, “Germany weeps — the rest of 
the world laughs.” 

After the Loss Sunday, the German goal- 
keeper, Bodo fllgner, said he was retiring 
from international competition. 

“1 told the coach in the changing rooms 
that I will not play for the national team 
anymore,” said Hlgner, 27. “I had made 
the decision to quit already before, but I 
wanted to leave with another World Cup 
title. It didn’t work out, but I am standing 
by my decision.” (AP, AFP) 


7m miLtlli 



1 R I C 


‘-’-4 * -I £>: 

$ ■ 

f ' # 

■ Vv i If S 


* ' f'.’* \ ^ \Vr 


. V v 



. - 



INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


BARBIE AS 24 

ow 12 JbM *94 


wl2JaM’94 
^ hit Han TM md em afocak 
(Induction tfspocsbh AT cmfntrKmj 
Ranpkxa In bartam anttriwn 


REAL ESTATE 
FOR SALE 


PAB1S AREA FUSN1SHED 


FRENCH PROVINCES 


HwrefawQ* 


iFF/l-TWtelWX 
POO*. 1ft 
sar :■*& 




ANNOUNCEMENTS 


•n DMA ■ TVAi 150* 
nM SCSKISt 



FRENCH RIVIERA 


SCSRU2 
too-. 0 


Attention visitors 
from the U.S. ! 


BEU3KM an m - TVA. 20^0% 


ESMOC an NASA - TVA: 15jJ» 
doj 6? jn 

SOT: W3 VXf-.’W* 

• UwgtrlgkmmM 


If you enjoy reading the HT 
when you travel, why not 
dm get it at home ? 
Some-day delvery ovoflaUe 
in key U.S.dties. 



DUTY FREE SHOPS 


FRCDDY 



AGENCE CHAMPS ELYSES 


in fwiuhcd apartMC^ 
mdtraid no, 3 mo«hi oed nor*. 


Ttfc (II 42 25 32 25 

Fbk (1) 45 63 27 09 


Today’s 

EDUCATION 


Il lilfN I ! V 


Appears 
on Page 1 1 


AT HOME B4 PAKS 




Opart— « i W r»f funded ornof 
2S A* Hodi^QCB Para. Fax 1 -4S61 1<QD 



M (IJ 45 63 25 60 


CAHTAIT ■ MffTMBK 
HcnJpdarf qWUy ap a V rara 
hul PjJ aid subarbL 

Td t-4414 1211. Fa 1-4772 3096 



..i\ % 

-\Y^4 

. 

f ? f.4 

|: 


ByAIexYanms 

Ne* York Tbna Service, 

MARTINSVILLE, New Jer- 
sey — ■ Everything was calm an 
the Italian front, following the 
triumph over Spain that put the 
three-time World Cup champi- 
on Azzurri in the semifinals of 
■ tins World Gup at surprises. • 
Coach Arrigo Sacchi, his 
dark glasses over his bald head* 
his maroon shirt unbuttoned; 
had a cordial meeting with the 
press at the Italians training 
BjfitH 1 at the Pbagry. School 
Sacchi had originally 
planned to .go to the Bulgaria- 
Gennany later in the 

day, but he dianged his mind. 
He worked with the team in- 
stead and watched Bulgaria’s 2f 
1' triumph on l&evi&on. He 
miBt.feel fornmate that the 
Germans are out and the Bui- 


“i-m.7 1 1 P/V«i / f« ' i --f Si 


CLABIDGE 

K* 1 VW OR MOM! Uida 




H> WAMBXATE RESSVAnONS 
M;(l) 44 13 39 U 


REAL ESTATE 
TO RENT/SHARE 


Cd! M] 800 882 2844 

h NnrYorfc coB 212 792 3190 


(h Nmim oofl 212 792 3190} 

a»ral^gjpErlhim* 


htowljr rw—d dap h taart of fora 
Con* in & bay di your pirfunm & 
tfn T3atv.Fi—* > sliVNS OF 40*. 

Tw bodo from lha ‘Cpani , 
natf to fa Anarimn E«nm Bant 
HE GffT *nih lira ad. Woofri, 9<A30 
1 0 im Aatar, Mk 9, Mifea Opwra 




HOLLAND 


•••• on, AMtmmn ””.1008 

ft Sort T«ro laaw far fx- 
rahtd bouw ft fkra Tab +31 20 
62SX71. Fot +31 20 0809. 
KnMgndf 33, 1015 CD M—don 


MfOASUnMC 

Tab (334) <3 8 05 09. 


SAMT *ina fth floor. b—kfd 
ft wry. FNjOOO rm. Tafe 
(1)V MP GL 


BUSINESS MESSAGE CENTER 



Own Vndpmit AMbdMad Am 

Bulgarian fans poured into the streets of Safi* after toe upset victory over Germany. . 


Soccer’s Soldiers of Fortune 


in tbesemifmal&r 
- « in fact, a number of 'Observe 
ers in tins World CUp feel that 
Indy has been the most form- 
natetean^ and Sacchi agreed— 
np tea point. 

^We fed we were fortunate 
against Spain because we 
scored when they controlled the 
pace jnjhe second half,” Sacchi 
saM Sunday meaning, “bat I 
don’t think we were lucky 
against Nigeria because we con- 
trolled most of that game.” 

Italy was two minutes away 

firm ri jmitiaivyi 

gto, trim had not screed in the 
opening games, stepped up to 
save limy, Sacchi and himself. 

Baggio tied the score at 1-1 
against Nigeria with two min- 
utes left and scored the winner 
on a penalty kick, 12 minutes 
into toe overtime, for his first 


By George Vecsey 

Nee York Tbna Settee 


E AST RUTHERFORD, New Josey — The 
road to the World Cup chanqxonship goes 


• • <]«• 


Embassy Service 
YOUR REAL STATE 
AGENT N PAWS 
Tel: (1) 47.20.30.05 



into the Antreoute of France and then races 
down the Antopista trf Spain, toward the tidies 
of Baredona and Madrid. 

This is reality. It just sounds like wild and 
crazy outsiders - - • 

from Bulgaria Vantage tVl 

HLM= pSlSf 9 SAd 


and Swedm are 
invading the sa- 
credpiwancts of 
the world Om sc 


Baredona. When StoichkovfinaBy was herded in 
front of an intccpteter, somebody asked if he 
would now avenge the recent 4-0 massacre of his 
Barcelona dub by Milan, eight of whose players 
are currently with Italy. . 

“Let us not talk about Baredona and MOan,” 
Stoiddcov said. “We are now talking about na- 
tional teams.” 

And was true. Wheahc blasted home his 
free kick, Sundikov went into his Rickey Hen- 
derson home-run trot, crossing himself and 
hlowing kisses at the very same time, and head- 


thc world Qip semifinals. They are not ausland- 
er or stnmiert at all These are tried and true 
practitioners of West European football It's aR 
about money. 

This is wnat the United States just might be 
able to look forward to in 1998 in France, if 
enough Yanks can place themselves in favorable 
positions in Europe. Some day our lads may 
grow up to be Kkc the Bulgarians, those battle- 
hardened soldiers of fortune who have plied their 
trade in Western Europe. 

These guys were not rounded up in a parkin 
Sofia. This is not some dream team from the 
Bulgarian Pub League. These guys are pros. They 
get around. You can tell that from hearing all tire 
l^gnng es bring spoken at' the metallic , stan- 


CONFflWABLE DRAFT5 
BACKED BY CASK 

• toed in Your Nam* 

• Confimad by A*far hfl farfa 
to Plow AvcfiOThf of Funds 

• Badtad bjr Pmtfn mHars 

CAPITAL SUPPORT CORP. 

UX (714) 7S7-I070 Fax 757-1270 


Introductory Offer 

50 CENTS 
PR MINUTE 


t b purtuU n WtwAond |dana 
JO WBl AS A nSOMAUJB 


EMPLOYMENT 


Aiwtnt • AiqMwa • Wa 
200MNUTB OF 
MTLCAUS 




Barfafcfc naranm » nan fwing 
fw task prewds onatged bp 


Bwiearof Aria 


CamnxBen erred orty lean hudng. 
BitfaiOonHWWnd 
Fax (63-2) >10-9284 
Tafe (63-2) 8102970 er 112-3429 


Cafe ns) 

Our Customers 
Canfinudy Enjoy 
Dacounts Of 15% to 50% 
On AB Crib 

HA TALKBACK 

Cd (U5) 1 -407-253-5454 




hordes of journalists in the dismal nether regions 
of World Cup stadiums. 

Following Bulgaria's 2-1 upset over Germany 
on .Sunday, which eliminated the defending 
chamm’ons and set up Mltaty- Bulgaria semifinal 
on Wednesday, the Bulgnian players spoke in 
many tongues. 


BUSINESS 






Fox (Ui.ll -407-253-6130 
AGsfcwaeoME 


WHOBAIS «OUP. Our ooreonf a 
ip c mAral * dSHout baa bom 
pre^QL W*. am feefena far raw 
nxrtafe « faaun ast w ara m &x- 
epeai eeu*CK Wrfawpnuri 
sack m 4 k» and appanfe. Wt « 
■Wnmd n ifartfag Miadcr 9 ohoi 
Ux bl No baden. Fax Sdgiuai +32- 
M4I 77 31 






LOW COST FLIGHTS 


I ORDAN Letchkov, who had scored the win- 
ning goal with a header off the worn and 
weathered bal dness of his dome, was speaking in 
German with the German reporters. He earns his 
bring, after all, in Hamburg. When officials 
finally directed Letchkov to a Bulgarian-EngHsh 
interpreter, somebody asked him if he had given 
any advice to his coach about the Goman 
players. 

*+[ told him we would have to be very careful 
with HSssler Letchkov said. Come to think erf 


out here in the swamplands erf New Jersey. And 
that’s why they call it the World Cup. 

Kmssmrir Boiakov — he of the dadc/Haxpo 
Marx cuds and the never-ending sprints up and 
down the field — was answering my dreadful 
Spanish in tus accen t ed Portuguese. Re is a cult- 
figure, after all, with Sporting Lisbon. . 

The Bulgarians scatter so far m search of the 
almighty peseta, the ever-perwerfui Deutsche 
marie, the more-than-hripful franc, the weighty 
but still valuable lira, that they do not get to 
know each other's good sides. But they are hav- 
ing a typtedty American senativity session. And 
that's why they call it the World Cup. 

Then there is Borislav Afikhailov, the goat* 
keroer trim was rather baldish only last season, 
and now sports a marvelous head of dazk hair. 
Doesn't he warty stout going askew wton be 
dives into the turf to stop a cannonball? Anyway, 
Mikhailov was responding to my ghastly French, 
but ai least he didn't wrinkle up his nose in 
distaste, which is what every true Fzsnch patriot 
does to nre when I give that beautiful language a 
try. MDchaBov*s Hnguistic expertise is only nitn- 
nu, ancc he guards the portals for ^Muihousc. 

, “Jc n’avais pas peur, parcc qu’il y avail 
immutes encore,” Mikhailov said. This is French 
for "What, me worry?” That's about how be fdt 
when Germany scored in the 49th inmute. ' 


two goals in a tournament in 
which he had been expected to 
afafafe brighter than most. 

Baggio followed up ins her- 
oics Saturday at Foxboro Stadi- 
um near Boston by scoring with 
two mhmtes left to give Italy a 
2-1 triumph over Spain and sent 
the Italians to the semifinals. 

“No, we’re not satisfied to be 
in the semifinals," Sacchi said. 
“We cannot be satisfied. We 
have a lot to prove to our pros? 
dent and oar people.” . : 

Sacchi had praise for all his 
players fm the performance 
.against /Spain, particularly 
Alessandro Costacurta and 
Dino Baggio, who scored the 
first goal against Spain and also 
scored the ooW gpal in the first- 
round tri ump h over Norway. : 

Dino Ba^o was also the 
man who scored the winner 
over Portugal on the last day of 


[y :| 1 ■ ly , 


land State ot Richmond beating Indiana in 
March Madness of colk^e basketball. These, 
guys aB crane from the same schoolyards. 

“I have known for several years that t arn & 
star” Letchkov said nicely, in tranrigtfon “Now 
youaflkmow” 

Now the world will watch the Bulgarian wan- 


■ TtopZe didn't believe in Disc 
Baggio , Sacchi said of the lanky 
midfielder. “Two or three 

monthsbefene the WtHid Qiphe 
was not up to par, but he is 
haring a good tournament.” 

. Costacurta has been the 
steadiest influence in the mid; 
die of thief Italian defense. Even 
though he Jogt-his usual partner. 
Franco Barest, toinjuiy, he has 
beenjust as effective with Paolo 
Makfipi in die last two games. 

Although there are some sim- 
ilarities between this Italian 
team, an d the one Thai captured 
the 1982 World Cup, Sacchi re- 
fused to compare them. . 

. “The 1982 team was & great 
team," Sacchi said. “Rightnow r 
tins team wants to concentrate 
on playina tire next same.” v 


Letchkov have much first-hand experience with 
the stumpy midfielder? But everybody knows 




mgthenext game.” 
and RobertoBagso are 
up a good imitation of 
team, wfakh rehed on 


vwd AvtAnoN - so®«m 

' AJgg g* aanm a 
to*w faira tgl FT Pan (1147551313 


me jtifli'jy l8 8i\»i«VT4Vi ■ ***** w » vy vj 

everybody at this IeveL That's why they call it the 
World CUp. ... - .... 

Hristo Stoichkov, the swaggering star who 


in the uhrarich Italian league. This is not neces- 
sarily an advantage since the Italian players get 
used to letting sknled forwards from%raza and 


scored 
ish in < 


a*s fust goal, was speaking Span- 
duster. He is a star, after all, for 


the scoring for them. This far into the tourna- 
ment, these guys aD know each other. And that's 
why they call u the Wodd Cup. 


ly and have picked upmomen- 

"• Sacdti^rtr m^nriing his Tis- 

teners of the high level of com-, 
petition in this Weald Cup. and 
the heat and humidity that has 
■been the norm in mp st games. 


jli fjSf> 


T*. •• »■ ,11 


\ ■' 

•'/y * 















































utawnHu w -» 


d*J*J ilt* \£j> 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1994 


Page 17 



J *> . 


Would-Be Salesman Buys 
\His Team a Soccer Dream 


omania in Shootout to Reach Semifinals 

After 2-2 Draw , Swedes 




I* 


'>1% 


-S3 


i By Christopher Qarey , 

i New York Tima Service 

i PALO ALTO, California — 

1 lost before this sun-drenched, 
'.lottery of aWoittLCnp began, 
[Thomas Ravefli was asked to 
assess his Swedish team’s 
chances of success. 

• -Ravdli-scratobed his mcreas- 

. ingly prominent. forAead and 

; responded with quiet confi- 
dence: “It has been 20. years 
f since Sweden has had as good a 
: team as wc have now” ■ 
j Four weeks later, Ravelli 
i might want to revise that state- 
‘meat Thanks inlarge partto 
! his timdy performance in Sun- 

■ Say's victory over Romania, 

j this Swedish team is not merely 

‘ die best in 20 years; it is the best 
r since 1 958, when another cohe- 
j siveband from the land of riiort 
j summer nights made it -all the 
[way to the 'final before losing to - 
\ Pefe and Brazil 
r “We have made & great tour- 
iaament," RavdH said, - shortly 
[after his team advanced to the 
} j secon- EWorld Cup semifinal in 
> its history. “Now we have' two 

• games to go to nuke it even 
better." 

With deep wrinkles around 
[his eyes and his recedmg blond 
hairline, Ravdh looks more like 
die salesman he studied to be 

f than the world-class 0 

F he is. But at 34, the oldest 
! er on Sweden's rda 
| side, he stiQ had enough spring 
; in his legs and c omp e titi ve .fine 
! in his heart to become the hero 

■ of Sunday's penalty-lack shoo- 

• tOUt. 

Ravelli, not known for his 
prowess in stopping shots from 
the 10-meter mark, managed to 
stop two Sunday afternoon. His 
first save, against Dan Petroses, 
kept Sweden’s hopes alive; his 
second, against Miodrag Bdo- 
dedid, gave Sweden the victory. 

Ravelli, the son of an Aostri- 
. an im mi gr an t, did all this on the 

• day that be tied the national 
record held by defender Bjorn 




In 1990, when Ravdli finally 
got the dunce to play in .Italy, 
the Swedes lost all three of tiwr 
first-round matches and re- 
turned to a disappointed nation. 

“We wan our last 
game, 6-0, against R 
evea^io^r tiiotirfrt we would be 
so good^Raveffi said. “Maybe 
we t rain ed a bit too hard last 
time. We practiced twice a day, 
and I thmk it was too ranch.** 

. With a new obach,- Tomzny 
Svensson, in charge, Sweden 
quickly regrouped .and man- 
aged to reach ine temifinafo of 
the Eurcraean. Championships 
in 1992. That success, tike toe. 
World Cup success of 1958, 
came on Sweetish. sdL 

“This .time^wc are along way 
fromhome,” Ravdli said. . 

And even if Ravelli and the 
SwcdeyshoeM faH short the 
1958 team, by losing once more 
to Brazil,' the man who could 
have been a salesman is not 
ready to write an end to his 
international career. 

All he needs are 10 more caps 
to equal the world record for 
international appearances held 
by the 

keeper, PetcrSHflfon. 



Triumph on Penalty Kicks 


45$fi|ti,. ■ ' ' •, '"S •» 1 ' jcAn G Msbengto' Apace Fm-Pitw 

Thomas Ranrefii of Sweden swatted away Miodrag Betodedkfs penalty shot and with it Romania's semifinal hopes. 


idled to oe 

!§S A World Cup Running Over With Spicy Surprises 


• InUntammJ Herald Tribune . . . 

S AN FRANCISCO —Whatever the 
sting may bring to the talc, this has 
become the most memorable Wodd Cup 
in (Lqnxrter of a century. . 

The gpnWe of *»Vwg the p™ to 

America, far • • • •. ’ 

reasons of _ . 
commerce . 

first, sport Hufln®* 



match, ' 

“He said that he wished me hick 
and said it was time that I beat 
bis record." 

Bufi with the likes of 
Gheot |he Hagi flying in on him 

at breaknedc^?eed r KavqBU m d 

little opp ortun ity to dwd! an 
personal milestones. 

“I did not t hm k at all about 
that,” Ravdli said. “If tins had 
been a friendly game,! would 
have thought about it more. But 
fhi ~5 gwnvq was too important" 

Ravelli has started plenty of 
import an t games for 
After wnming-the national title 
with the Sweetish dab team Os- 
iers Vaxo in 1980 and li ffll, he 
moved into : thestaxtmg hneup 
on the national team, replacing 
Rorxrue HeDstrozn. When he ar- 
rived on the scene, Sweden was 
no longer a world power, and it 
failed to qualify for the Wodd 
.Cup finals in 1982 or 1986. 



pmd off in a way no one could have 
imagined. Far while the host nation tries 
to come to tezms with the body blows to 
thespertiqg ethic of O. J. Simpson, Mike 
Tyson and. Tonya Harding, soccer, 
vdnch many swore was alien to UiL 
culture, Jras. scored bonus points lor. 
good behavior. 

Hundreds of thousands of spectators 
have attended' 48 mafehat so far without 
.sight or sign pf violence. We dare not be 
sanctimonious about tids because there 
abroad connected to the 
ixejuypcnr 


are enjoying the ete- 
nieEtt<rfsOTpzise^hat^>ices nptife and is 

amtkm ^S^occer knows no bounds of 
culture, dass or creed, and that 11 play- 
ersfrotn just about anywhere can knock 
11 supposed sporting gods out of the 
tournament on earth. 

20 of the 24 starters dispatched 

home, we still have options that ought 
allow a traditional Wodd Cup final in 
-die Pasadena. Rose Bowl next Sunday 


.between Bruit and I 
. time vnmunJ Or we 
vs. Bulgaria, countries 
won the World Cup. 
Most tikdy, 1 



both three- 
Sweden 
never 

. isacombma- 
tieme* the two: Brazil beating Swedenin 


one of Wednesday’s semis, Bulgaria out- 
lasting Italy in the other. 

But even Brazil, which lacks only a 
true midfield orchestrator among cer- 
tainly the most talented player pool in 
the competition, should presume no di- 
vine right. Its players have seen teams 

fain Fact era Europe, teams emerging 

cut of post-Communist confusion, elim- 
inate Argentina and Germany, the two 
previous wodd champions. 

Argentina’s conqueror, Romania, was 
beaten on the dreaded penalty shootout 
by Sweden on Sunday. The Swedes are 
as undemonstrative as their tennis 
champions Bjorn Borg and Stefan Ed- 
bog, but they plot against the .oppo- 
nents’ strengths and, believe me, they 
mean to win. • 

The victory over Romania was two- 
fold. Sweden isolated Gheorghe Hagi, at 
times with foul intent And they soft- 
balled the Romanians, giving a team of 
R ghtr? mg cotmterattaidts no . space or 
oace fromwiuch to-smxnflL— - — - 
TJ YEN then. th^raatdfwas tied 2-2, 
LZ# and condnded as no contest ever 
should — - on the spurious penalty lot- 
tery. That gave Thomas Ravdli, in his 
1 15th appe a r a nce as Sweden's goalkeep- 
er, the chance for once to play hero with 
two acrobatic stops. 

It also desolated Romania, and made 
potential scapegoats out of Miodrag Be- 
lodedid and Dan Petrscu, two extremely 
fine defenders asked to do what they 
were not trained or tempera m en t al ly 
suited to do: score penalty kicks. 

“Penalties are a lottery ” admits Tom- 
my Svensson. Sweden’s coach. “But I 
don’t know of a better system." FIFA 
does; it plans a sudden-death system, 
play on until the next goal. The sooner 
the better, for, even in hothouse condi- 


tions like these, that at least involves the- 
full range of soccer skills. 

Anyway, the release turned one bald, 
quiet onlooker on his head. Svensson 
rushed to the field, did a hand spring of 
joy, and came as dose in that gesture as 
a Swede does to boasting. 

Boastfulness, they leave to the Ger- 
mans. Forgive me, but I'm glad to see 
the back or Germany. Like England, it 
has lived on its past Like England, it 
was presomtuous about its own great- 
ness. Like England, its arrogant self be- 
lief was headed far a tumble: 

Germany’s team had grown old. Man- 
ager Bern Vogts tried to nurse the 1990 
winners through 1994 because he felt 
Germany’s youth was uninspiring. 

So, in the end, were Lothar Matthias 
and . Co. They stagnated in soccer’s pool 
of pr ogre s sion, and how delightful that 


gana, population 9 million to Ger- 
90 mlHioi 


of progressi 
Bulgaria, jx 
many’s 90 million, should outplay and 

Outfight them 

-Bulgaria had never won a Wodd Cup 
tournament match before. It had lost its 
match hoe to Nigeria, 3-0. 


low it has the scalps of two former 
champions, Argentina and Germany. 

Who says Bulgaria, on the way up, will 
not now erase Italy, a fading, tired, fright- 
ened team depending on the ponytafl 
strand of its talisman, Roberto Baggio? 
Soccer is becoming a marvelous levd- 


knew exactly where, bow and why his 
email natiwi might defeat Germany. 

He should da Letchkov is one of the 
new breed of Bulgarians, a mercenary 
making it abroad. He plays for Hamburg, 
and this knows precisley the strengths 
and weakness of German players. 

Hi s unfiustered perform an ce told his 
colleagues there was nothing to fear, not 
even from Germans who had three extra 
days’ rest and whose theatrical center- 
forward, Jfirgen Klinsmann, tricked all- 
other referee into granting him a penalty. 

But speaking of fear, how eerie it is to 
be enjoying this Wodd Cup and its 
friendly ambience while returning from 
the stadiums to see on television the 
tragedies from other parts of the wodd 
reacting to this World Cup. 

The murder of Andris Escobar, the 
only player so far to officially score an 
own-goal here, stiQ lies uncomfortably 
on the memory. 

T HEN there are the accidents in Na- 
ples, where a child was shot by his 
brother attempting to fire a salute to 
victory. The Romanian farmer stabbing 
edebrators in the street, the dead and 
injured in Mexico City, the rioters in the 
Nethadands, the wretched misfortime 
of a youth electrocuted in Rio de Janeiro 
attempting to attach flags to pylons. 

Who can explain it? The sport is fine, 
the stadiums here are havens, and in the 


er, with the unpredictable Hristo wodd far away, in the lands from winch 
Stoitchkov in Bulgaria’s ranks, anything the performers come, people’s emotions 
can hanoen. are being carried to catastrophic propor- 


can happen. 

One player — another baldie — 
c«" pht my eye Sunday. Iordan Letch- 
kovs apperance is deceptive. He turned 
27 on Saturday, yet when he put his head 
to the ball to seme a superb goal against 
Germany it crowned a performance 
from him in midfidd that suggested he 


g carried to catastrophic propor- 
tions. 

“Soc cer," says Andreas Henan, a 
young FIFA press officer, “is simply 
paying the price for being such a popu- 
lar sport.” It is neither simple, nor an 
acceptable price. 

KabHvffmhmataoBt^Tbt'Tina. 


By Steve Berko witz 

Washington Post Service 

PALO ALTO, California — 
The Swedish goalkeeper, 
Thomas Ravelli, stared out at 
the ball sitting 10 meters away 
on the penalty spot- He stared 
out at the Romanian defender 
Miodrag Bdodedid, who was 
about to kick the baD after 90 
minutes of regulation time, 30 
minutes of overtime and a 
round of penalty kicks had not 
decided a world Cup quarterfi- 
nal here at Stanford Stadium. 

“I have an opportunity to 
save this ball and be a hero," 
RavdH thought to himself. 

With a dive to Ins left, he did 
save that ball — his second save 
in p enal ty kicks — and be did 
become a hero, as Sweden con- 
tinued its best World Cop per- 
formance since 1958 by defeat- 
ing Romania, 5-4, on Sunday in 
penalty lacks after tying the 
gamp at two goals apiece on 
forward Kennet Andersson’s 
header with five minutes left in 
overtime and playing short- 
handed because of midfielder 
Stefan Schwarz’s ejection earli- 
er in overtime. 

Sweden will meet Brazil in a 
semifinal Wednesday at the 
Rose Bow! in Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia. The teams met in the 
first round of the tournament 
and played to a 1-1 tie — the 
only blemish on Brazil’s record. 
Romania was eliminate d from 
the tournament in penalty kicks 
for the second consecutive time. 
In 1990, Ireland defeated them, 
5-4, after a scoreless game. 

“The worst thing is to take a 
goal Hke we did in the last five 
minutes" of overtime, said Ro- 
mania’s star midfielder, 
Gheorghe Hagi. 

“We should have won, 1-0, in 
ordinary time," said Ravelli, 
who tied Sweden’s all- time re- 
cord for national team appear- 
ances Sunday after many Swed- 
ish players and fans had 
thought his career was finished 
years ago. “But as the game 
developed, to win in a shootout 
was much more fun." 

It was a finish that rewarded 
a less- than-capacity crowd of 
81,715 that endured nearly 80 
minutes of scoreless tactical 
jousting. After the Swedish 
striker Martin Dahlin hit the 
post with a diving header in the 
fourth minute, Sweden went 
forward in great numbers very 
cautiously and began retreating 
at the first sign of trouble. It 
was a move designed to contain 
Romania’s swift counterattack- 
ing offense and the multitalent- 
ed Hagi. 

It worked, as the Ro man ia ns 
seemed incapable of creating 
scoring opportunities when 
fenced to advance slowly. Their 
numerous and ineffective hori- 
zontal passes in the midfield 
drew whistles of derision in the 
first half's final moments. After 
the Swedish midfielder Thomas 
Brotin broke the tie in the 79th 


minute, however, the match 
picked up speed 

The Romanian forward Flo- 
rin Raducioiu recorded an 
equalizing goal in the 89th, and 
j>enultunate, minute of regula- 
tion. He then added a go-ahead 
goal in the 1 1th minute of the 
30-minute overtime. Sweden’s 
chances of coming back 
dimmed a minute later when 
Schwarz broke up a Romanian 
counterattack by fouling for- 
ward Hie Dumiircscu from be- 
hind — an infraction that re- 
sulted in his second yellow-card 
caution of the game and, thus, 
his ejection. 

Schwarz will be suspended 
for the semifinal mamh l which 
could be critical, since the start- 
ing midfielder Jonas Them 
missed Sunday’s game because 
of a sprained knee and the de- 
fenders Roland Nilsson and Jo- 
achim Bjoridund played with 
injuries (Ltjorklund, who has a 
pulled groin, was replaced after 
83 minutes Sunday). 

But in the 25 Lh minute of 
overtime, Nilsson collected a 
loose ball on the far right wing 
deep in Romania’s end. After a 
couple of dribbles, he lofted a 
long pass that sailed all the way 
across Romania’s goal. Anders- 
son was waiting for it directly in 
front of the left post about six 
meters from the goal 

The Romanian goalkeeper, 
Florin Pnmea, came out and 
tried to punch the ball away, 
but he arrived an instant too 
late. Andersson outjumped him 
and cleanly headed the ball into 
the open net 

The penalty kicks started 
poorly for Sweden. The mid- 
fielder Hakan Mild took the 
first shot and sent it well over 
the crossbar. However, Sweden 
did not miss again. 

Romania made its first three 
ticks before Ravdli saved a 
shot by Dan Fetrescu. Du- 
mitrescu connected on Roma- 
nia’s fifth shot, sending the 
game to sudden-death penalty 
tides, with one shot per team 
until there is a winner. 

Sweden’s Henrik Larsson, 
who had replaced Dahlin, made 
his shot. Ravelli then made his 
save, sending all of the Swedish 
players into a -joyous huddle 
around their goalkeeper. 

“Oh my God,” Dahlin said of 
his reaction. “I had alot of pain 
and I couldn’t run. But I had to 
run.” 

The Romanians were left fro- 
zen in despair. 

“Soccer has no mercy,” said 
the Romanian coach, Anghd 
Iordanescu. 

New Surgery for Van Basten 

The Asso ciated Press 

ROME — In a last attempt 
to save his career, tbe Dutch 
soccer star Marco Van Basten 
had surgery Monday on his 
right ankle. 


Brazil’s Branco at 30: His Time Hats Come , Again 


By Malcolm Moran 

New York Times Service 

D ALLA S His time had 
oome and gpne. That is the way 
it seemed far Branco, as t he 

natirwral team of Brazil pushed 

through this World Cup with 
the style of its offensive drills 
and the substance of its defen- 
sive ntey. Branco’s time was 
four ferns ago in Italy, or four 
before that in Mesdca 

He turned 30 in April, the 
fifth-oldest name on the na- 
tional team’s roster. He was 
once considered one of his 
I country’s best defensive play- 
j era, with a powerful leg in free- 
" kick situations. 

But as the Brazilians pre- 
pared to come to America, 
and die smallest detail of the 
national team became subject 
to debate, Branco’s spot on 
the team became an issue. 

Then, in tbe flash of a dam-' 
aging elbow — Leonardo’s el- 
bow to the face of the Ameri- 
can Tab Ramos in the first 
of the second round — 
^_o received a chance: 

He was starling against tbe 
Netherlands in the quarterfi- 
nal game on Saturday after- 
noon. He was lining up for a 
free kick late in the second 
half of a 2-2 game. . 

The loss of a two-goal lead, 
an unthinkable possibility to 
BraziTs followers, had creaieu 
a shocking vulnerability. The 

dock in the Cotton Bqwi was 

ticking above 35 minutes. 
Branco took the time to took, 
and rethink that the time was 

in T 

“Before hitting the ball I 

looked up at the scoreboard, 
he said through zn interpreter. 
“There were 10 minutes to go. 
And 1 got it into ray head it 
was the right moment, the jrct 
moment, and I bad God’s hdp 
to make it happen aithat mo- 
ment," r . 

Branco’s perfectly placed 


shot, just inside the right post 
tittle more than grass-high, be- 
came the difference in Brazil's 
3-2 victaxy. His ninth goal in 
international play, in his 77 th 
appearance, allowed his coun- 
try to meet its overwhelming 
expectations for one more 
round and advance to a semi- 
final game against Sweden on 
Wednesday at the Rose Bowl 
in Pasadena, California. 

“The put-up or shut-up 
goal,” the interpreter said. 

Branco acknowledged the 
debate" over Ins presence an 
the roster: There is no wrar to 
overstate the intensity of fecsl- 
mg. erven when the gam es are. 
' <ed before crowds miles 
mil es to the north with 


vrrv.v- 


As Branco stood in tin inter- 
view tent next to the stadium 
after the game, a collection of 
arms, each with a cellular tele- 
phone at die end, extended 
-toward the new hero as each of 
his words was transmitted, 
abroad. . . . 

B3s success at such a poten- 
tially dangerous point m the 
tournament, after being inac- 
tive in . the 'four previous 
games, reflects a depth of tal- 
ent and experience that could 
help Brazil become the first 
four-time winner in World 
Cup history. ‘ ■ 

After mere than a mouth 


main reroansrMity was to be* 
comp an important part of the 
-group That would have to de- 
fend a gains t - Dennis - Bexg-.. 
the talented Dutch for- 


£f not for the right elbow of 


suspension that resulted, 
Branco would have remained 
a forgotten part. But now his 
coach, Carlos Alberto Pai^ 
xeira; was describing Branco 
as “fundamental to our 
team.” - 



DawW Ckma/Ayae* F — 

Branco, left, with teammates, fflustrates BraziTs depth of talent and experience. 


Pimr 


QUARTERFINAL RESULTS AND SCORERS 


QUARTERFINALS 

SatonlayJiilyS 

MRacboro.Maas. 

BsJyZ SPWi 1 

A: Data* 

ft*m3.Nrtwlan«2 

Sunday July 10 
AtEan RuttortoRl. KJ. 
B*Bari«2. Oomsnt 1 

Aift&Rkva. Caw. 

Sawwi 5. Romania 4 (on panaSaa; aewa « 
24 after OMBrttna) 


HoughtorblrekM; H«ara Sun Mono. South Ko- 
no; Sami Jaber. Saudi Arabia.- Adrien Knu* 


Roger Lhma. Sweden; Jom Hanrifl vsmim. 
Colombia; Diego Maradona; Argentina; Luis 
Bviaue Martinez. Spohi; Donleie Monaco, 
Uotv; Lrtnar Motttioeus. Germany; Roger 
Miller, Cameroon; Hasson Mader. Morocco; 
SoeadOwalran. Saudi Arcdito; Daniel Vatile 
P et r eecu.Romanio; Dmitri Rodtftenfca Ru»- 
sio: RaL Brazil; Kletil RefczW.Horwav; Knri- 


hetnz RJedte. Germany; Bryan Roy, Netner- 
lands; Julia Minas, Spain; Erwin Sdndwz. 
Bolivia; MArdO Santos, Brazil; Soo Jung 
Won, South Korea; Samson Sksla. Nigeria; 
Nasko Sirafcov, Bulgaria; Ernie Stowcrt 
United States; Ahsbi Salter, Switzerland; 
Gaston Taunteni, Netherlands; Aran Winter, 
Nether torn; Eric Wynaldo, United Stain; 
Radioed Ycfcinl. Nigeria. 

Own Goals— AnWte Escobar, CotomMa [vs. 
United Statu). 


SEMIFINALS 

Waetaa*dPyJutyl3 
At East RuBwrlort. N4. 
inly V*. Bugaria 2006 GMT 

At Pasadena. Can 
Braza vs. Sweden. 2335 GMT 

THIRD PLACE 

Saturday July 16 
Ai Pasadena. Gtat. 

SenMnel hssara. 1835 GUT 

CHAMPIONSHIP 

Sunday July 17 
At Pasadena. Cea 
Seotiflnai winners, IMS GMT 

Match Results 

SwadM$,Romuta4(gnpenalt)cuicoreaHs 
M offer o vertime ) 

Scorers; Sweden - Tomas BreUn (79lh), 
Kernel Andersson IIUNi Romania- Florin 
Rddudota and 181st). 

Referee: Philip Den (England). 

Red coni: Sweden - Steto Schwarz (leal). 
Yellow cards; Romgtfo - Gheorghe 
Peoesai (22 d), tew Sahrmes (3RM. Mica 
Basarah patduro f HWJW; Sweden - W» 
OWi), Stefan Sdiwarz Kid). 


Goal Scorers 

A — Oleg 5alanlca, Rusria. 

5 — JOrgcn Kltevncm. Germaiv; Hristo 
SMKMnv, Bulgaria. 

4 — Kerawt Andersson. Sweden; Gabriel Bo- 
tbtuta, Argentina; Martin Dahttn, Florin Ra- 
dadeJu, Romania; Sweden; Romteln Brazil. 
3 — Roberto Boeotc, ttatv; Behefcv Brazil; 
Carol nera. Spain; Juan Antonio Gelkoetxsa 
Seam; Dennis Sere Koran, Netherlands; 
Gheorghe Hagi, Romania 
2 — pnnipee Albert Betoken; Fuad Ambw 
Saudi Ara»a; DtnM AmofcocM, Nigeria; 
Emmanuel Amunlke. Nigeria; okne Baggio, 
Italv; Gesrga Brcgy, Ssritzertand; Tomas 
Brolkv Sweden; Claudio Ca n log ic. Argenll- 
na; llle Dunltresca, Rnmonta; Luis Garda 
Mexico) -to Andonl Gattoetxea, Spain; Hong 
Mvmh Ba SoutB Kmo; lonton utencov, 
Butoria; AtfoHB Valencia. Colombia; RuO 
voder. Germony; Wlm Jenk, Mfhartods. 
l — John Atotoe. Ireland: Abel BotoaAr* 
gentfaw; AKar Beolri»taliv Spain; MveelInD 
BernaL Mexia; Fnmcobe Oraam BMdt 
Caneraan: Daniel Bcrimhov, Bulgaria; Bnay 
eo. Brazil; SWW» onputaot, Swhzeriond; 
Mohammed QmxthNkancau Marc DegrvM, 
Betoken; David Erttba Cameroon; Alberto 
Cerda. Mexico; Herman Govt ria, CotomUz; 
FH0I George, Nigwta; Fahed GhestwvanrSau- 
d Arabia; Cearaes Gnat P skto n ; Jcaeo 
GuordWobSPol n; FemctooHtoaSpoln: Rev 



The noble time 

JUVENIA 

I860 






: —r • ■ • 


Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1994 


POSTCARD 


Mango Mania in India 


A Brother Confronts a Legacy of Violence 


PEOPLE 


By Molly Moore 

Washington Pest Sent* 


jvTEW DELHI — You can 
- N slice ’em. suck ’em or slum 


N slice ’em, suck 'em or slurp 
cm. but do matter how you cut 
.ttl there’s not a fruit on eanh 
hat evokes more passion 
.: tiong Indians than the mango. 


Sunny Mohar is pulp-splat- 
.ered. juice-stained proof. Min- 
utes after wolfing down 7.7 
rounds (3 5 kilograms} of man- 
•..»es in four minutes at a mango 
Idling contest here, the 24-year- 
i »!d electronics engineer declared 
rfore cameras and reporters, 
im crazy about mangoes!” 

laved Fan di. no less enthusi- 
astic, is nonetheless a bit more 
dignified in his worship of the 
:an go. Like his father before 
:.im, he invents new varieties of 
ine subcontinent's most popular 
uiible. The 55-year-old mango 
j:owct said he nas created 300 
.i« hybrids in his lifetime — 
....luding a mangp cross- polli- 
.uied with a rose and a tiny two- 
_ am mango the size of a grape. 

The mango season — now at 
< is peak — is anticipated in the 
-orld’s mango capital with the 
ime relish the French attach to 
;:ie arrival of Beaujolais or with 
4.w fanaticism of Louisianians 
. editing crawfish season. Poets 
.en write odes to the tropical 
• ru:t. Akbar IUahabadi penned: 
-'zither letter nor message from 
■ny beloved send to me. 

. ' you must send something this 
season, mangoes let them be. 
□ 

Why is such an oddly- 
shaped, difficult- to-eat, quick- 
io-rot fruit equated with the 
i.-ctarof the Gods? 

Some will tell you it’s a ques- 
.. 4i of sheer volume. Of the 16 
: ullion tons of mangoes grown 
annually around the world, 60 
percent of the crop is produced 
oy India. 

Some say it is the fruit of kings 
nd conquerors. Alexander the 
ireat supposedly savored it and 
■;e Mogul emporeis who mled 
imiia for centuries prized their 
mango orchards above all oth- 
ers. Others argue that it’s the 
toot man ’s fruit. In India — one 
f the world’s poorest countries 
• a couple of mangoes and a 


drink of milk will give a pom- 
man a full day's supply of nutri- 
ents. 

Forget all practical explana- 
tions, say the romantics. Quite 
simply, “Indians love mangoes 
with a passion that surpasses 
belief” writes one of India’s 
best-known contemporary au- 
thors, Kushwant Singh, in his 
lyrical book, “Nature Watch.” 

And pity the person who 
thinks just any old mango w3] 
do. With more than 1,100 vari- 
eties of mangoes grown 
throughout India, every type 
has its loyalists. 

The experimental mango ad- 
dict, such as grower Faridi, 
however, are always on the 
lookout for the exotic. His dis- 
play, which filled almost one- 
third of the indoor arena of 
Delhi’s 7th International Man- 
go Festival, was a smorgasbord 
of more than 450 varieties, all 
grown on his 100-acre (40- hect- 
are) farm about 35 miles (55 
kilometers) from New Delhi. 


By B. £ Stewart 

W a s hi ngton Post SeWf 

C HICAGO — Mikal Gilmore has a soft voice, an 
understated wit and a sweet enthusiasm. He is 
lean and pale. His forehead arches high above his 
angular face, and he seems to listen thoughtfully, 
carefully. He is tactful when the media people, who 
interview him three or fear times a day lately, ask 
fuzzy questions or think his book is a true-crime 
novel When they goof, as Larry King and Charlie 
Rose did, and call his book “Shot in the Dark," he 


y..; v - , 


:■ - 


Dark,” he 


remains gracious. 

He’s on a book tour tight now. But what makes his 
interviews unusual is the wrenching intimacy and 


interviews unusual is the wrenching intimacy and 
dignity of what he has to say. His book is “Shot in 
the Heart," It is the tale of a family — his own — 
and a tale of impressive bravery, again, his own. The 
bravery is in investigating and writing unflinchingly 
and poetically of the “whole [expletive] tragedy” 
that is his heritage and blood. 

“It took me 15 years to work up the nerve,” says 
Gilmore. “The idea scared the hell out of me, putting 


myself out so publicly and in perhaps a permanent 
way. I was daunted. I didn’t know if I could bear it.” 


While Faridi lovingly cradled 
his favored mangoes and es- 
poused their attributes for all to 
hear, 41 more rambunctious 
mango-lovers lined up for the 
mango eating competition. 

Each contestant was given 7.7 
pounds of mangoes, an empty 
bucket, a knife and four minutes 
to devour the fruits. 

Six-year-old Kanina Arora 
stripped her mangoes of their 
thick skin and gnawed fero- 
ciously at the orange pulp in- 
side. Faridi’s wife, Kaiser, 
ripped the top oft the fruit and 
sucked madly. 

But nobody could compete 
with 14-year-old Kan war Jot 
Singh for style. He grabbed a 
mango in each fist, squeezed the 
pit through the too Popeye- 
style and jammed tne fruit — 
two at a time into his mouth. 


Orange pulp drizzled down his 
neck and splattered the lens of 


neck and splattered the lens of 
photographers daring to get too 
close. With time to spare, he 
called for an extra pound and 
s mashe d them into his mouth 
— gobbling almost nine pounds 
of mangoes in four minutes, ft 
was not a pretty sigbL 


way. I was daunted. I didn’t know if i could bear it.” 

Mikal Gflmore is Gary Gilmore's youngest broth- 
er. Gary Gilmore, on two consecutive nights in 
Provo, Utah, shot to death a motel keeper and a law 
student working at a gas station. It was not his 
crimes but his punishment that made him famous. 
Sentenced to death, Gary Gilmore refused to let his 
lawyers appeaL He was executed by Utah in 1977, in 
the first U. S. execution in 10 years. 

Gary Gilmore’s execution — five gunshots into a 
white circle pinned on his black T-shirt — and the 
preceding months of legal wrangling were big news. 
Norman Mailer wrote about it in “The Execution- 
er’s Song" and won a Pulitzer Prize. 

But Mikal Gilmore's book is not just about Gary. 
It is about all the members of the Gilmore family 
and their legacy of pain and waste and degradation. 
It is about cruelty and betrayal of children, and the 
grown-up children’s subsequent rage and self-de- 
struction. It is about a violence as routine as meal- 
time. And it is about the one, MikaL who survived to 
tdl the tale. 

Much of what Mikal Gilmore, 43, has to say is 
chilling . But he speaks easily and at length. He never 
expected his book to make such waves. 

“It’s a difficult book — dark,” be says. “I was 
stunned at the reviews. I never expected them to be 
good.” 

Since 1976. Mikal Gflmore has been writing music 
criticism and thoughtful profiles for Rolling Stone. 
Isolated within his family, as a young boy he had 
turned to books and to music. “1 took a great deal of 
solace and pleasure in life in reading," he says. And 
later in music. “Music has been my best friend.” 

Gilmore was used to investigating people's lives. 



ried. But, be says, “I bad a period of mfensedespair. 
I thought I could never have my own family, chil- 
dren of my own. My. life came to a halt. -On a 
particularly dark sight, J realiffed I was stfll held by 
• my bonds with my family. Td told myself Pd es- 
caped, but I realized I had indeed come from my 
family . Devastation resonated in my bloodlines," 
Frank GQmore Sr. had a. mother who conjured 
spirits, who shunted lam off to boarding schools, 
who never spoke of her baby who had died. She 
claime d, and Frank believed, that his father was the 
Tp a girian Hr qidini and had abandoned -Them. 

^hen Bessie Brown, MSkaTs mother and Frank's ■ 
seventh or eighth wife, met hfm, he was scammmg 
merchants with phony advertising and hotfooting it 
' out of town. Bessie Was the rebdfiousdaugbtcx of a 
bullying father and a descendant of Mormons who 
had walked across the country. Hex childhood was 
harsh, filled with talcs of tin and retributiom and she 
fled the family farm a* soon, as she .could. 

. Frank brat MtkaTs three brothers viciously, at , 

least weddy. because they dropped a piece of cakcor 

lingered five minutes after schooLor ror no thing . He 
mocked and humiliated them. Frank Jr* the oldest, 
withdrew. Gary would scream and .thrash^ which - 
made his father hit longer and harder. He remained 
the anointed troublemaker until he died. ‘ 

Until Mikal was bom, .Gaylen was the. brother 
most loved by Ms father. After Mzkal’s.birth, Gay- 
ko, too, was beaten and mocked. 

“I told myself I was different from them,” Mikal 
Gilmore says of Ms family. And he was. By the time 
he was book 10 years after Gary, Ms father had done 
a turnabout, buying a bouse is Portland and pub- 
tishing a local braiding codes handbook. And he was 
gentle with his youngest son. His father would take' 
Mikal away on business trips for weeks on ead. ~My 

father and V* he writes, Svere our own family " . 

But this separated Mikal from the rest of Ms 
family. “My brothers were people I wanted to be 
dose to, thatlloved," he says: “I longedfor fraterni- 
ty with them." He was able to achieve rt, in the end. 


Jachon and a Presley 

Monied? Stay Tuned 


You say you weren’t invited, 
that you hadn’t even heard? 

W efl, a Dominican attorney in. 
sists hc officiated at the^oefc 
wedding of the centuxy; Mk/ ' 
duel Jackson, 35. all in black, ’ 
marrying Lba Marie Presley, > 
26, daughter .of Elris, in a swg,^ 
strapless beige dress. Francisco .. 


Alvarez Perez, civfl records offi. V j 
dal of La Vega, Dominican Re- ! £ * ' 


pabhCjSays 


tbeh^r 


at his home on May 26. And <; 
■ according to an official 
riage record, complete with tbe : 
requisite government seals, the 1 
two were indeed wed by Alva- „ 

; iez on. May 26. The certificate j- 
has everything bur the signs- y 
tores of the two principals. U 
this is news to you, it also is id/ 
Jackson, whose entourage {&&,■* j 
missed the report as “not tnic»"V : 

. * " □ 7 

Van CEbura, who turns 60 os 
Tuesday, may have made a few 
mistakes in the opening of hi* , ■ 
signature piece — TchaK ' 
kavskys Piano Concerto No. . 
—but wowed his audience as h« . *r 
started his first concert tour nf- .- 
16 years in San Diego. The vifl - 
tuoso got five ovations. : 

- - r ' _ . „ • ]. . ■" 

. Oprah Winfrey gets the 
crown again for the third year 
in a row. An annual Harris po^ 
found that she is the most popu- 
lar American talk show ho& 

She was prefaxed by 27 peresrf , 
whfle David Lettennan gotscc^ . 
ond place with IS percent; . , 

□ i 

Guitars and dothing, inclodt : 
ing six specially made psyche? 
delic jackets, belon 
late rode star JMb I 
be auctioned in London 
Aug. 18 on the 25th armiv 
of toe Woodstock rock f 

□ 


raily with Frank Jr. “This book brought mer to toe 
last place 2 thought it would," be says, “I found my. 
real family — Frank." 


Con n dla Breus for Tbe V/t^uagU 

For Mikal Gilmore , there is no bitterness. 


He began his book three years ago. His long- 
postponed “Shot in the Heart" proposal was pur- 
chased in 1991 for a reported advance-of $700,000, 


Doubleday beating out 10 competing publishers. 
He had lost his entire f armiv long before. His 


Buz it was quite another thing to investigate himself 
and Ms family, to write of his father beating his wife- 
and sons bloody, of Ms screaming mother smashing 
the turkey into the wall at Thanksgiving, of one 
brother being stabbed and eventually dying from the 
wotzsds another murdering innocents. 


He had lost his entire family long before. His 
father, mother and two of his brothers had died, 
Gary from execution, Gaylen from the stabbing 
wounds that never healed. Frank Jr., the oldest 
brother, was alive, but had vanished. 

To all appearances, he was a success. Betides his 
Rolling Stone stories, he was music critic ax toe now- 
defunct Los Angeles Herald-Examiner. He had 
friends and money in the bank. He had been mar- 


real family — Frank." 

“Shot in the Heart” is too honest a book to have a 
happy ending. “In toe beghuring/’ Mikal says, “it 
was plain that you leant thing s so you don’t have' to. 
keep repeating them. At toe eazd I realized yon don’t 
get to a place where you’re purged The Last para- 
graph was grim. But When l got down to toe last 
sentences I was more dated than FVe eyef been in 
my life.” In writing about Mrfarinly tie says he has 
found some peace and, yes, some happiness. 

*T think a victorious life would be, at toe end yon 
are free of bitterness. I approached tins book with 
detachment. I had no stake in vindicating or judg- 
ing. I think bitterness doesn’t have a place in my' 
heart- ifed fighter now. I led less urgency ; l don't 
know if I would want to.be anyone clse. lt would not 
be as interesting It would be baring. ; : 

“It’s a heartbreaking and devastating world,” he- 
says. “Ail you can do is iiVe with .as mtich grace as . 
you can." • 



The “Queen of Romance,' 
Barbara Cardand, celeb 
her 93d birthday is Hertfi 
shire, England. CartiarkTs 5 
orso books have sold more 
600 million copies. 


INTEMATIONAL 

CLASSIFIED 

■ Appears m Pages 1 1 & If* 


WEATHER 


CROSSWORD 


Europe 


Forecast for Wednesday through Friday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 


OF 

<prn sans 

-TTtmhfli 30IBG 

-Jam Mm 

- ■—a ZB IM 

■ ■— Iw, 39AB 

-vr-J- ran\ 

-t- 3i ma 

-ro-H asm 

■ mm 

31ft» 

; J1«B 

'■J** IB»* 

- ;-*.«* law 

r Ann»i, 27180 

-■ 31/08 



1M| 

M*gh Kpm 
OF OF 


s zm evn i 

B^tvj 32789 23/73 I 

HorgKo? 347*3 27 Ml PC 

HnB 30786 23/73 I 

NrwDHN 36 ®5 28/82 pc 

Saw 32/89 22771 pc 

Swn0M 32780 27 M) pc 

»9KX» 32/88 24/75 pc 

Tmpm 31788 24775 I 

Tohro 32789 25177 pc 


! Un«amH| 
CoU 


3- 30/86 

•rJ-l-ia 23/73 

rxiri 26/79 

..v,PM--r» 38/79 

37/BO 

.i"l» 26/79 

'A’+'l 35/95 

• 28/8? 

39W 

//>»+! 29/77 

1C- 26/79 

. V> 28/82 

27/80 

.'.IT 31/88 

- </«« 26/79 

•' vU-.' v 13/SB 

■ ■» 31/88 

’ I 26/79 

.IMm 2a»82 

33*89 
3/73 
T» 77/BO 

.»-»n 24/75 

.7 rrv» 29/84 

26«? 


North America 
Much of the southwest wifl 
have hot weather late this 
week. Qrty coastal areas w« 
be cooted by a sea broeao. 
The southeastern stales w« 
have wetcome sun mud» ol 
this week, bid 4 wfl ten hot 
and humid. Slaw-moving 
thunderstorms will bring 
heavy rains lo the Midwest 
and Great Lakes states. 


Europe 

A heal wave will continue 
inlo late this week from 
Madrid and Geneva on 
northward through Berlin. 
Very warm weather will 
extend northward through 
much ot Scandin av ia. A lew 
stray thunderstorms *9 (HI 
from Parte to Berko later (hte 
weak. London win tun s*ght- 
ly coder u«i a tew showers. 


The remains ol Typhoon Tfcn 
will cause a few heavy 


will cause a lew heavy 
downpours across Beijing 
and Manchuria later this 
week Hat and humid weath- 
er wil make most days very 
□ncomSanaMe from Shang- 
hai to Seoul and Tokyo. A 
new tropical storm may form 
east at 9te Phflppines Uler 
Blis week 


32/89 21/70 V 32/89 21/70 pc 
2040 11.52 » am 17/33 pc 
28/82 c 77/80 19/06 pc 

20/88 17/63 I 22/71 13>53 pc 
26/S? 34/75 * 29/M 34/76 «h 
71/70 tie? pc 71/JO 11/97 pc 
31*88 21/W * 30/86 2|/TO pc 


ACROSS 

t Guzzles 
7 Bebop 
ii Certain 
muscles, 
informally 
i* Dislocate 
15 Woodwind 
ifi Varnish resin 
1 t A ncient ascetic 
ia Letter writing 
Abbr. 

is Japanese 
admiral Yuko 
» Battleship 
23 Mesmerized 


*7 -Or r 

(veils <J throat) 
2a "Torero 
Saluting* 
painter 
2» Rioting 
31 Despicable 
>2 Greek market 
33 Mitigates 
as Actor Matfwson 
orASen 


36 Dictionary 
«0 Rogers's 
partner 
aaWily 
4» Topple 


Solnrkm to Puzzle of Jnlv 11 


North America 


Middle East 


Lathi America 

t«t 


30® 21/70 9 31® 24/73 • 
33® 7ino s 34 ® am « 


29/84 13m * 26*82 19/88 • 
26/79 16*59 ■ 77180 18/88 1 


Oceania 


41/10624/75 • 40/10473/73 ■ 


"v« — — — 

ar or 

Buna«m ism ?W » 
Cm 29/84 20/88 pc 
Un ism wei s 

UcocoCKy 24/75 13-59 «9 
HoMnio 20/86 14*57 pc 
jam 409 • 


15/99 7/44 ■ 15/59 9/48 pc 

17/82 7/44 pc 17*2 10*0 PC 


Lagwxi: s-suwy. pe -partly doudy. frdouOy, 
sn-wiow. Hca. W-We69w AI map*, tome 


m uaara.ua / i i tet9t8mi s .Main. 
■ and data provided by Accu* 


OF OF 
15/58 8/43 pc 
29/84 19/68 pc 
16/84 15*9 pc 
25/77 14/57 pc 
22m 17/82 pc 
15/50 307 s 


Andes, _ 
r, tec. 0199 * 


18/54 10*0 
32*85 22 m 
31/88 19/88 

31*8 ases 

31*8 13SS 
31/88 20*8 
30*8 21/73 

as® a/a 

28/82 19*6 
33*1 75/77 
30*8 19*6 
24/75 13*5 
32*9 *4/75 
31*8 22/71 
<3/109 28 «? 
24/75 US 
26/79 12/53 
267/9 1508 
32/88 73/73 


*1 18*4 8/48 C 
pc 3z*9 am pc 

• 32*9 20*6 pc 
pc 28/70 15*9 I 
pc 31*8 14/57 PC 
pc 77*0 16*1 pc 

■ 30*6 24/75 pc 
pe 34*3 74/75 pe 
pc 31*6 19 -W 1 

• 32*9 25/77 pc 
pe 23/73 14/57 pc 
pc 74 /JS 15*0 pe 
pc 32*1 85/77 pc 

• 32*9 23i73 pc 
( 42/10730*9 • 
a am 17*3 a 

■ aun t3*5 pc 
i am ism i 

a 34*3 24/15 pc 


□□□□□ moaa □□□□ 
oqhhh atnaa anaa 
namaaaaana aaaa 
□□qh cnaaaa □□□□ 
□Hein oaaaa 
□□□□□□ aaoaaa 
□anaa moo aaa 
□□□□□□a □□□□aaa 
□□□ naa aaaaa 
oasuaa aaaaaa 
hdhbq aaaa 
auQa □□□□□ aaaa 
□aaa uaaauaaaau 
□□□a QBLjij □auua 
noma uuua i^oaou 


«*Fuddof 
cartoondom 
4* Director's cry 
47 Bee activity 
4B— — Downs 
(English race 
track) 

S 2 Contented 
sound. 

os 7 fixe-, 

54 Bluff, with a gun 

57 Nudaar 
defense grp. 
sa Russia's — ^ 
Mountains 
s» Slanted ' 

64 Petition 
as Scoop (out) 
w To wit 

W 1 We Have 

No Bananas" 
ee Whir^ool 
ea Like Parmesan 
DOWN 
i Neighbor ol 
Ora. 
a Raises 

3“ Gratis 

Artis’ (M-G-M 
. motto) 

4 Enemy 
a Dear, as 
memories 


•Two-track 
7 Oedipus’s 
mother ■ 

■ Lodging... 

« Swedish painter 
of "At the 
. Granary Door" 
ia "Fiddler an the 
' Roof* star 
it Straighten 
fS Wash Up 
13 "Wavertey" 
noveBst ■ * ' 
n Burstyn and 
Barkin 

-sz Labor org. 
as Iranian doflaxs . 
>4 Theater backer . 
2 S Stand-in 
s* Actress Garr 
so Transistor 
predecessor .. 

at” ' 

Mferirabies’ 

.34 Cronus, to 
Romans 

35 Meek 

36 The woman’ 
for Sherlock . 

*7 Traffic sign 
3» Choose 

•f Prefix with ■ 
mater 

44 Justasrhuch 
es BUTspahner . . 


4a Vexing . ' . a* Multicolored 

as Emerson piece. pattern 
so Aspect HStendernall 

si Noted White 

; House resident ssSiriue. e.g. 


MDre.’org. 

. Cf Tennis call 
S 2 - — de Franca’ 
•3 Dancer 
Charisse 



ur CMdwAraaM 

’ ti' New Yo/h Times Edited by Will Shorn, 


Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


' /O^ Access Numbers 
■ Howtof^anxiridtitowakL 

1. L sing the chan brio*/, find tbeoowxry you are calHogfiom. . 

1 Drit the correspontkrig AOS' Access Number, 

3. An .lass' Engfish-spealdr® OpeCToror voice prompt wifl ask fix tiic ^pfaonenumber you wish kj call or connect you to a 
cusuxner service representative. 

.‘toreeefreyonrftce' mfletanfoT AB^AccesNiinibas; just (fial tbeaccEssnuniberof 
fticaxiifiiy you're ki and adc for CusKxncr Service. 


COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACCESS] 


Ansnfix 

Oaim,PBC*^ 

Guam 

HongKoog 

Indto* 

Inrioorsia* 

.Upan’- 

Korea 
Sorem* 
MahyMa" ■ 

?£ew. Zealand 


ASIA iraly 

- 1-800*81-011 iiexfttr Bi wrb j r 

• ■ 10811 ■ 

CIM72 Luxembourg 


172-1011 Brsd! 
15500X1 gge 
_• 8*196 Gohnnbia 

, 0-800-0111 Costa Rica^e 


800-1111 M an odonia, P.Y X. of 99-8004288 Ecuador^ 

000-117 Maim- 080^90:120^ SSahradort 

001-801-10 Monaco" ■ , 19*rOQll. 

0039-111 Ncthc ri anAr 06-0229111 Gnyamr” 

0°S>-11 Norway 800-190-11 Honduras^ 

11" Maod**- 0*01048U4111 M4raW,4A4 


Saipan* 


Sri Lanka 


Thailand* 


8004011 Portugal* 

000-911 Romania 

lOf-u Bnssbt^Qtoacow) 

; 235-2872 SloraBa 

8000113-113 Spain* . 

430-430 Sweden* 
0080-10288-0 Switzerland" 
00l<W9t-Hll VX. 

EUROPE TArafnc* 


■ 05017-1-288 Nlc a ragn a ( Managua) 
01-800-4288 P anamap 
155-5042 PenT 
00-428-OOW1 Snrinsme 
9 QQWJ 0 -U Iftuguay ~ 

020-795-611 . Venezuda’a 


000-8010 

QQa-0312 

980-11-0010 

1M 

119 

W> 

Ito 

i6» 

123 

95-800-462 -*240 
174 
109 


191 

156 

00-04 10 - - 

804 ) 11-120 


caongomt I Imagine a. ^.'orid where you can call country to country as easily as you can from home. And 

reac ^ tti e US. directly from over 1 25 countries. Converse with someone who doesn't speak your: 
language, since it’s translated instantly. Call vour clients at 5 aju knowing they’ll get the message in 
your voice at a more polite hour. All this is now possible with AKT 1 

To use these services, dial the ARET Access Number of the country you're in and you’ll get all the 
help you need With these Access Numbers and your AKT Calling Card, international calling has never been easier. 

If y ou don’t have an AIKT Calling Card or you’d like mote information on AI3T global services, fust call us using the 
convenient Access Numbers on your right 


Armenia"* 

Austria**** 


8*34111 


MmDimsr 


155-0 0-11 C&SSSBEAH 

OWmOQll Bahamas- 1-80^872-2881 

8*100-11 Bemuida* . 10D0g72-2SSi 




Bulga ria 

Ooudat** 

Czech Kep 

Penmatic* 

Finland* 

France 

Germany 

Greece* 


Icriand^i 

Ireland 


022-905-011 Bahrain 
0800-100-10 Cyprus* 
00-18000010 land ... 

99-380011 Kuftftrii 

00- 420-00101 " Lebanon (Tkirst) 

8001-0010 . .Qatar. 

9800-100-10 feudLAraha 
191-0011 Turkey* 
0130-0010 - UAE." ■ . . 

0IMW0-13M' . Aim 

00*-600-011U Argendna* T* 
WSM»1 Befite* ’ 

1- 800-550)000 Bofivia* . . . . 


British Vi. 


80 0001 Cayman Wands 
•r : r * 08090010 Grenada* 
•177-100^727 . Haiti* 

800- 288 Jamaica** 

^ - ^2 6-8M Habu Aotil 
■ 08000 11-77. &. Hns/Nevis , 
■ 1-800-10 : ~~i 


00-800-12277 Egypt* (Cairo) 

. , .800-ia Gabon* . 

AMERICAS , GaoMar 
~ 001-6 00-200-1111 Kenya* 

• • ' 555. Ubeda. “ 

0-800-1112 Sooth Africa 


. 1-80(K?72-288J 
, , 1-800-872-2881 

b ■ : l-80^872--28SI 
. / 1-80QS72-2881 . 
. 001-800-972-2883 

0300*72-2881 
001-800-872-2881 
: 1-8004172-2881 

AFRICA 


AT&T 




-HMmVnW firm. . , I Ih - 

^ a C MM ng rateg ra ^ jBBMBBteraraw i raaMddMQtefakrot-' . ag' aUdBaaMi 

plix* sanlfct JWwOt. . 1 ^ an a 'P^ a - U 


. 7 510^30° 
OftwOOl 

ooui 

oauo-ffi 

~ 797W 

0800-99-0123 






V' A,' -