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** Paris, Wednesday, July 13, 1994 

No. 34.63? 

Clinton Hails 
United Berlin 
As a Symbol 
For Future 

By Ruth Marcus 

Washington Post Service 

BERLIN — Prescient Bill Clinton raw 
Tuesday to the dty whose walled division 
symbolized the Cold War to proclaim the 
triumph of democracy, and to underline 
the challenges facing Germany and the 
work! to make good use of that hard-won 

The first American president to visit die 
city since the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wan 
and the unification of the country, Mr 
Clinton walked from the old Rdchstag 
- through the columns of the Brandenburg 

Standing in what was Communist East 
Berlin, he celebrated the end of the split of 
Germany, speaking in both English and 

“Nothing will stop us. An thing s are 
possible. Nichts wird imsauflwlten. ABes tit 
m&giich, ” said Mr. Clinton, who studied'. 
German while a student at Georgetown 
University. ... 

He got roars of approval from a crowd 
estimated at 100,000. 

“Berlin tit fret Berlin is free," he said. 

It was a day rich with history and sym- 
bolism as Mr. Clinton visited the city . 
where the hero of Ids boyhood, John F. 
Kennedy, proclaimed his solidarity with 
the people of divided and threatened Ber- 

It was where President Ronald Reagan 
challenged the reform leader of the Soviet 
Union, Mikhail S. Gorbachev: “Mr. Gor- . 
bachev, tear down this wall! Mr. Gorba- 
chev, open this gate! 

As Mr. Clinton extolled the transformed, 
sons of the last five years, he alsoset out 
his vision of a democratic and integrated 
Europe and printed to the difficulties Ger- 
many and other nations face in achieving 
that goal. 

“Now, you who found the courage to 
endure, to resist, to tear down the wall, 
must find a new ZivUcourage — the cour- 
age to bu3d, M be said. “Here, m Germany, ’ 
in tbeUnited States, and throughout , the 
world, we must iqect those who would * 
divide us with sc£kfin£ y 

• os. rnHwein ** i ~ M 

Mr. . 

a , — : 

■overtire deaett vafi oo oer- 
emony for the Berlin Brigade. That US. 
Army unit patroBedthe dty during the 
Four Power occupatijoa,mannedtheax>s^ 

Sec CUNTON, Page 8 ' 

Vnif^sog lUiuy'Rctiicn 

Preadoit B9H Cfinton speaking to 100,000 Berliners on Tuesday at the historic Btaodenbnig Gate. 

After Kim II Sung’s Death, a Confused Letdown 

By James Steragrid - 

New York Times Service 

SEOUL — For more than four decades . 
ever since the North Korean dictator, Kim 
11 Sung, launched the Korean War, leaving 
millions dead and the Peninsula in rums, 
many South Koreans and Americans have 
been awaiting the death of this dangerous 
leader as a moment to ngoice. ' 

many people here failed to applaud his 
passing, but, as one official putit Tuesday, 

tbereis even some disappointment among 
top pohcymafcers- 

Mbre important, this restrained re- 
sponse toMr. Kim's death wooldprobably 
have been quite different if it lad taken 

• V..~ RBWSAW/aigM 

place just a few weeks earlier, before be 
surprised his cme-time foes by suddenly 
taking a coodfiatary line in relations with 
South Korea and the United Stares. 

“We are exmfused,” admitted the South 
Korean official 

“There is a sense of letdown here,” said 
a Western diplomat. 

Of course, the muridness of the succes- 
sion process in North Korea and uncer- 
tainty over the future policies of the hard- 
line Communist government are an 
important source of apprehension. Mr. 
Kim’s son, Kim Jong II, a reclusive man 
who once kidnapped a South Korean film 
director to enliven his country’s cinema, 
appears to be consolidating his position as 
the new leader, and that has left many here 

In addition, there is speculation that the 

younger Mr. Kim does not have the charis- 
ma to maintain absolute power, as his 
father did. and thus a period of instability 
in the North may be in store. Tbereis talk 
of coups and even civil war. 

But several officials and Western diplo- 
mats conceded that the unusual turn of 
events in the preceding few weeks had 
produced what amounts to an unanticipat- 
ed reassessment of Kim D Sung. 

. For the previous 18 months. President 
Kim had beat heading toward a dangerous 
collision with the United States and the 

See KIM, Page 8 

Bonn Court Allows 
Troop Role Abroad 

A First Since Third Reich: Combat 
Permitted if Parliament Approves 

By Craig R. Whitney 

,Vr»’ York Times Service 

KARLSRUHE, Germany — Germa- 
ny’s highest court cleared the way on Tues- 
day for the fuller German role on the 
world stage wanted by the United States 
and other allies, ruling that armed military 
peacekeeping missions abroad were consti- 
tutional if Parliament approved them first. 

The ruling by the Federal Constitutional 
Court swept aside a psychological barrier 
that has inhibited Germany since the col- 
lapse of the Third Reich in 1945. It allows 
the German Federal Republic to assume 
greater responsibility that its leaders and 
friends feel it has long been ready for in the 
United Nations, NATO and other interna- 
tional organizations. 

“What I have always wanted has become 
dear in thi< rating,” said Chancellor Helmut 
Kriti. visiting Botin on Tuesday with Presi- 
dent Bill Clinion. When asked how he felt 
about Goman troops operating abroad 
again, Mr. Clinion said, “1 am completely 
comfortable with that.” (Page 2) 

Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel, Defense 
Minister Volker Rube and many other 
Bonn politicians listened attentively in 
court as the eight judges who made the 
decision look turns reading it ouL 

“The brake that was holding us back is 
gone," Mr. Kinkel said. But he added: 
“Cautiousness and reserve will certainly 
continue to do us good in the future.” 

Future debates about possible peace- 
keeping operations in Europe or elsewhere 
would now no longer be about whether 
Germany could take pan, poliu iansofall 
parties agreed Tuesday, but whether it 

The court threw out an argument used 
for decades by German politicians who 
argued that the 1949 constitution's ban cm 
all German military activity except in col- 
lective security organizations meant that 
German troops could act only in self-de- 
fense of German territory. Since commu- 

nism collapsed five years ago, there has 
been no direct threat of aggression from 
any direction. 

Many U.S. and British officials felt that 
the Germans were hiding behind their con- 
stitution when they argued that it barred 
them from helping in the UN-authorized 
war to drive Iraq out of Kuwait in 1991. 
Mr. Kohl who helped bankroll the allies 
then but did not send troops to fight, has 
been edging toward a broader role — but 
not a unilateral one — for the past two 

He fought every step of the way with his 
Social Democratic opposition. Tne Social 
Democrats challenged Mr. Kohl's right to 
send German forces to Somalia last year 
and opposed letting German soldiers take 
part in multilateral operations enforcing 
UN bans on arms shipments by sea to the 
former Yugoslavia and Serbian air opera- 
tions over Bosnia. 

Nevertheless, they bailed Tuesday's rul- 
ing as a victory because the court ruled 
that the government had violated the con- 
stitution by not using its majority in Par- 
liament to get a majority vote approving 
all three operations first 

The German brigade in Somalia pulled 
out in March, before the United States did, 
but Mr. Kinkel said the government would 
“promptly” seek explicit parliamentary 
approval of German participation in the 
continuing operations by NATO and the 
Western European Union, the European 
Union's military arm, over the Balkans 
and in the Adriatic. 

Mr. Kinkel's Free Democratic Party, 

but, in effect, sued itself and the govern- 

ment to clear the air. The Free Democrats 
went to court to get a definitive ruling on 
whether German officers could remain on 
NATO air control planes that direct air 

See GERMANY, Page 8 

Germans on Champs-Elysees: 
4 Hope of Tomorrow’s Europe ’ 

By Barry James 

huenuuional Herald Tribune 

VILLACOUBLAY, France — In a 
shimmering haze of beat and blue diesel 
fumes. German mechanized infantry 
roared along an airport runway on Tues- 
day. rehearsing for a symbolic moment in 
history: the first time a German combat 
unit bias paraded in Paris for a half-centu- 

The 294th Panzergrenadierhataillon will 
ride down the Champs- Elysies on the 
French national holiday, Bastille Day, on 
Thursday as a sign of peace and coopera- 
tion between the two nations. President 
Franqois Mitterrand approved the Ger- 
man presence as a symbol of reconciliation 
following the exclusion of Germany from 
the commemoration of D-Day last month. 

The planned event has shocked many 
French people. Even such an advocate of 
closer ties with Germany as forma Presi- 
dent Vatery Giscard d'Estaing choked with 
emotion on television recently when he 

recalled Nazi troops marching outside his 
home during the occupation. 

But General Michel Girignon. the mili- 
tary governor of Paris, said he had no 
problem with the German presence: 

It was a political derision, he said, and 
“when a soldier receives an order of a 
political nature, he obeys it without discus- 

“The only grounds for refusal would be 
if the derision offended his honor or his 
conscience," the general said. “In such an 
event, the soldier puts his kepi on the table 
and leaves. But this decision offends nei- 
ther my honor nor my conscience and 
therefore I carry it out without comment." 

The German troops form part of the 
five-nation Eurocorps, based at Stras- 
bourg. General Guignon said that focusing 
only on the German presence ignored the 
participation of Belgian, Spanish and Lux- 
embourg army units in the corps, which 

See PARADE, Page 8 

Central Banks Absent as Dollar Slides 

NEW YORK — With central banks, 
standing idly by, the dollar .crashed to 

iy as a benign JJS. inflation picture 
i arif it less fikdy that the Federal Reserve 
oard will raise interest rates. 

The US. government reported that 
holesale prices as measured by the pro- 
scer price index were unchanged in June 
ter a 0.1 percent drop in May. The fig- 
■es were seen as further evidence that 
ice pressures remain well under control 
spite sighs the economy is moving ahead 

certainly doesn’t push the Fed to 
ise rates," said Tom Hoge. a trader at 
mk of New York. “Without inflation, 
c fed will stay on hold, and that’s not 
od for the dollar.? 

The dollar closed m New York at 97325 
n, down from 97.725 on Monday. 

Cothcans that central banks wiB inter- 
vene soon to support the dollar kept it 
relatively stable against European curren- 
cies. Some investors who had sold dollars 
short bought them back on Tuesday to 
pocket profits from the slide, which also 
brought the U-S. currency up from its 
lows. ' 

The dollar dosed at 13280 Deutsche 
marks, nearly even with Monday’s dose of 
13279; at 53465 French francs, down 
from 5.2525, and at 1 2900 Swiss francs, up 
slightly from 12890. The pound weakened 
to $13685 from $13720. 

Avinasb Persaud, head of currency re- 
search at J. P. Morgan & Ox, dismissed 
talk that central banks were buying dollars 
an Tuesday. . 

“The Federal Reserve is not as obsessed 
about the dollar as the foreign exchange 
market,” he .said. 

Previous bouts of concerted central 

bank intervention in May and June did 
little or nothing to step the dollar’s slide. 

The dollar also continued to suffer from 
tire lade of attention it was given during 
last weekend’s summit meeting of leaders 
from the Group of Seven industrialized 

“If the policy is to let the market deter- 
mine tire dollar's level, you’re going to see 
some wild currency trading,” said Paul 
Farrell, manager of strategic < currency 
trading at Chase Manhattan Bank. “The 
dollar is fair game.” 

Win Thin, international economist at 
MCM Currency Watch, a consulting firm, 
said the G-Ts inaction gave a “green light 
to sell dollars and the markets smell 

Many analysts and traders are now 
looking for higher UJS. interest rates as the 
last hope to prop up the ailing currency. 

( Reuters, Bloomberg, AP) 


U.S. Protests Arrests 
In Jakarta Press Case 

JAKARTA (Reuters) — The Unit- 
ed States on Tuesday denounced In- 
donesia’s arrest of 42 students who 
were on a hunger strike to protest a 
recent government press crackdown. 
Diplomats said the unusually tough 
statement reflected growing official 
U3. concern about Indonesia’s pres- 
sures on its media. 

The government ordered three out- 
spoken weekly magazines closed last 
month, prompting widespread pro- 
tests. The 42 protesters on the hunger 
Strike were arrested on July 7 at the 
Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation. 

Book Review Page 7. 

Crossword Page 22. 



What, Bulgarians Worry? 

For the Cinderella semifinalist Bul- 
garia. the future is now, and the play- 
ers are loving every minute of it, 
writes lan Thomsen. But after upset- 
ting both of the 1990 finalists — 
Argentina and Germany — Bulgaria 
now faces Italy and the serene Ro- 
berto Baggio, who twice has calmly 
lifted his team from the brink of 
defeat to put it within two victories of 
a fourth World Cup trophy. 

Welcome to the Video Age 

For tiie first time at a World Cup, 
FIFA used a video replay to punish a 
player for an action the referee on the 
field did not catch. 

Wednesday's MmUnaf Batches: Maty vs. 
Bulgaria, at East Rutherford. New Jersey. 
2005 GMT; Brazil vs. Sweden, at Pasadena, 
California. 2335 GMT. 

World Cup report Pages 20 and 21 

ewsstand Prices 

.9.00 FP LtW8mbourg60 L.Fr 
[1.20 FF NtorocC0«..--‘2 Dn 

400 CF A Qatar ***** 

i. P.5000 RfiWiton r: , l2»J s F 
.9.00 FF Sou® Arabra. -9-00 R. 

M0CFA Senegn , ...^0CFA 

.300 Dr. Spain JpOPTAs 

MWUW Tunisia -pW»0 Dg. 
.!» CFA Turkey -T.j-35-W 
L/Ssl.50 as. Mil (EurJ $1.10 

California Beaches: Guns Shatter Endless Summer 

By Sara Rimer 

. Afcw York Tuna Senice 

HUNTINGTON BEACH, Calif oraia — A 17-year- 
old suefer named Brian Doorley, his bteached-blond hair 
glowing in the night, kissed his ponytailed summer love, 
5Ka»m» Meseses, 16, one more time. 

It was' 10 PM. The last beachgoers were packmg'yp 
their Frisbeea and blankets. The lifeguards, Matt Norton 
and Eric Dieteriaan, were patrolling in their four-wired 
drive* enforcing the curfew. “Time to go home, folks,” 
they called out over the public address system. And 

The scene is not always so laid-back- Mr. Norton and 
Mt Dietennaa had left their bulletproof vats at head- 

Eriday and Satu^QT^hts! when the crowds can get 
rowdy after they are asked to leave. 

“It’s another layer of protection," Mr. Norton said. 

These days he and other lifeguards do a lot more than 
rescue people. In San Diego, they cany Mace and are 
trained in han dling gangs. At the state beaches near here, 
the permanent lifeguards are state rangers who have been 
carrying guns since the 1970s. 

The lifeguards at the municipal beach in Huntington 
Beach are unarmed, and there have been no shootings, 
but a lifeguard was doused with gasoline and nearly set 
on foe by a vagrant two summers ago. There was a 
stabbing on the pier three weeks ago involving two young 
men from Lost Angeles. There was a double homicide in 
April on Main Street, three blocks from the beach. The 
new generation of beachgoers includes urban gang mem- 
bers, the police say. 

Up the coast, in Venice, the police shut the beach at 1 
P.M. one day last month because of gang violence. 

Seventeen people have been shot to death on the streets 
of that Los Angeles community since last fall 

The beach in Southern California has long been the 
last frontier of youth, freedom and hedonism, the land of 
endless summer. But summer as the season of abandon is 
waning and the change seems particularly startling here, 
in Surf City, as Huntington Beach has proclaimed itself 
since the 1960s. 

Tbe beaches in Southern California are a cultural 
institution, and, unlike the ones back East, most are open 
and readily accessible to the public. Not everyone can 
afford to five near the beach, but anyone can take the 
freeway to get there. Now, the beaches are becoming 
more crowded and concerns for public safety are increas- 
ing. The year-old curfew at Huntington Beach is part of a 

See BEACH, Page 8 

Haiti’s Actions 
Justify Threat, 
Clinton Asserts 

Compiled by Our Suff From Dupatdta 

BERLIN — President Bill Clinton said 
Tuesday that Haiti’s expulsion of a UN- 
led human rights mission was a desperate 
act that validated his decision to consider 
military force “to bring an end to this.” 

Mr. Clinton said at a news conference 
on the last day of his weeklong trip to 
Europe that he hoped the order by Haiti’s 
military rulers would stiffen international 
resolve to tighten economic sanctions. 

In NewYork, the United Nations Secu- 
rity Council strongly condemned the ex- 
pulsion order. “The Security Council con- 
siders this action a serious escalation in the 
defiant stance of Haiti's illegal de facto 
regime toward the international communi- 
ty,” the council said in a statement. “This 
provocative behavior directly affects the 
peace and security of the region.” 

A spokesman for the UN secretary- 
general, Butros Butros Ghali, said the 
United Nations had decided to evacuate 
the human rights monitors within “the 
next day or so" for their safety. 

Mr. Clinton, asked if the expulsion 
would make it easier to order a military 
invasion, said, “It certainly validates the 
position that we have talma so far that 
that’s an option we shouldn’t rule out.*’ 

Faced with an increasing flow of refu- 
gees fleeing Haiti, Mr. Clinton has been 
under pressure to end a drama that has 
dragged on for about 33 months. 

The Defense Department has acknowl- 
edged that U.S. forces have begun rehears- 
ing as invasion, a move described by a 

See HAUL Page 8 

Page 2 


The Post-Post Cold War Era: U.S. 

By Thomas L. Friedman 

yew York Tuna Service 

BERLIN — When President John 
F. Kennedy visited Berlin in 1963 the 
□early three million Berliners who 
turned out to greet him were the larg- 
est crowd he had ever seen. 

So large, in fact, that Mr. Kennedy 
said that when he left office be was 
gang to leave his successor a sealed 
ikter to be opened only when things 
got really bad at home. The letter 
would read, “Go to Germany.” 

How times have changed. What has 
been so striking about President Bill 
Clinton’s trip through Europe this 
week, including Berlin, is how muted 
the response has been for the Ameri- 
can president 

From Latvia, to Poland, to Italy, to 
Germany! the crowds have been at 
times substantia], but never huge; al- 
ways embracing but hardly ecstatic, 
not only compared to those for the 
charismatic Mr. Kennedy, but even to 
the rather uncharismatic George Bush. 

The explanation, though, seems to 
have little to do with Mr. Quiton. It is 
much more a statement about this mo- 
ment. To put it simply: The Cold War 
era, when cheering a U.S. president in 

Berlin or Warsaw was not only an act 
of affection but, more important, an 
act of defiance against the Soviets, is 

The honeymoon of the post-Cold 
War wodd is also over — the days 
when a U.S. president could whip a 
crowd into a frenzy by describing that 
land of milk and honey that lay ahead 


once Europe was whole and free. To- 
day is the post-post-Cold War era, the 
era of daily life, and when the main 
questions on the table are who takes 
out the garbage and “What have you 
done for me lately?” 

As the Cold War was ending, those 
who had lived behind the Iron Curtain 
had enormous expectations about 
what lay ahead and they were starved 
to hear from an American leader what 
it looked tike on the other side of the 

Well they are nowon the other ride 
of the ML They know what it looks 
and it looks complicated. It looks a 
little like Bosnia, a little like free mar- 
kets, with all of their opportunities and 
uncertainties, a little uke unemploy- 

ment, & little like inflation, a little like 
Western Europe refusing to open its 
markets to their products or NATO to 
their armies. - 

What Mr. Clinton seems to have 
discovered on this trip is that in Eu- 
rope he has inherited a moment when 
the heros of the Cold War have ridden 
off into the sunset, the credits have 
rolled, and the United States is neither 
protecting Europe nor liberating ft 

Everyone seems to have shrunk 
three sizes. When aides told President 
Clinton that President Lech Walesa of 
Poland had sunk to a 5 percen t ap- 
proval rating in Polish public opinion 
polls, the president said: “Five per- 
cent? No one can be that low!” 

Much has been made of the faettbat 
Mr. Clinton, because he has focused 
his presidency on domestic policy, has 
deprived himself of one of the tradi- 
tional sources of presidential author- 
ity: foreign policy, with its dramatic 
foreign trips, commander in chief deci- 
sions, and relative freedom from con- 
gressional interference. That is true 

But what this little lour underscores 

is that even if Mr. Clinton had chosen 
to base his presidency more on foreign 
policy, it is highly questionable wheth- 
er it would have given him the author- 
ity boost it has other presidents, at 
least in Europe. 

If Harry Truman and Dean Ach- 
esoii were “present at the creation” of 
the Cold War world. Bill Clinton and 
Warren M. Christopher are “present at 
the adaptation” of the post-Cold War 
world They do not have the challenge, 
or the opportunity, of buflding institu- 
tions from scratch — whether ft is 
NATO or the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade. 

They must try to adapt these institu- 
tions at a time when the Europeans 
have a much stronger say in what 
should go into them, when economic 
resources are scarce and when there is 
no Soviet enemy to compel the allies to 
fall in Enc. The world is now safe for 
small wars; it is also safe for greater 
discord among the allies. 

When Mr. Clin too offered a propos- 
al at the Naples economic summit 
meeting for looking beyond the GATT 
agreement and beginning to talk about' 
the issues, sot dealt with in GATT, 
such as financial services, he was 

spumed by the other six leaders. The 
president was forced, rather embar- 
rassingly, to take Ids proposal off the 

Throughout this trip Mr. Clinton 
cajoled' the West Europeans to open, 
their economies to more exports from 
Eastern Europe, as the United States 
has from Mexico. Otherwise capital- 
ism wBl never take root in Poland or 
Ukraine. But the West European wel- 
fare states have soaring unemploy- 
ment, and their leaders made dear to 
Mr. Clinton that they are reluctant to 
allow imports that could cost them a 
single job at home. 

When President. Kennedy came to 
Germany the dollar was as good as 

mark and^tiieJa^^S 
yen. The can of fixed exchange rates is 
gone. The Cold Warworid was charac- 
terized by governments dominating 
their economies, and no government 
was more dominant than America's. 
The post-Cold War worid is cbaracta- 
ized by free markets. It is the markets 
that dominate the governments today!, 
2 c is a time when all governments can 
do less, not more. 

Clinton Endorses „ 
Bonn Troop Ruling 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dtipattka 

BERLIN — President Bill 
Clinton welcomed the ruling 
Tuesday by Germany’s high 
court giving the go-ahead for 
German troops to be sent 
abroad on multilateral mis- 
sions, subject to Parliament's 

ic NATO secretary-gener- 
al, Manfred WOmer, also wel- 
comed the ruling. 

But questions about the 
strength of the Britisb-UJS. re- 
lationship arose anew after the 
Federal Constitutional Court 
decision on the German armed 
forces. Britain shrugged off talk 
of strengthened ties between 
the United States and Germa- 
ny, saying that London’s so- 
called speoal relationship with 
Washington was alive, well and 

' rnithnmilgnwri. 

“It’s no skin off our nose if 
there are good relations be- 
tween the US. and Germany," 
said a government source. “Ifs 
not a zero-sum game. It doesn’t 
take one from another.” 

Mr. CHnton said at a news 
. conference that Germany had 
demonstrated its leadership 
. with its efforts at European in- 
- tegratkm and by taking a large 
number of refugees from the 
conflict in the former Yugosla- 

“Of course; I can envision 
German forces getting involved 
in something like the United 
Nations effort in the Gulf,” the 
president said, referring to the 
1991 Gulf War that Bonn sat 
out because of the legal uncer- 
tainty about its troops. 

His expression of support 
was so smeping that Chancel- 
lor Helmut Kohl, at a joint 
press conference with Mr. Clin- 

ton and the European Commis- 
sion president, Jacques Defers, 
broke in to say that Bonn alone 
would decide where it might 
send troops. 

Mr. Clinton said that Germa- 
ny, which has kept a low mili- 
taiy profile because of the hor- 
rors of Nazi militarism, had set 
standards in humanity, democ- 
racy and respect for diversity. 

“Germany has taken the lead 
for pushing for the integration 
of Europe; for the sharing of 
power of the European na- 
tions.” he said. 

Asked if he was worried 
about German troops fighting 
abroad outside the NATO area 
for the first tune since World 
War Q, he replied: “I am com- 
pletely comfortable with that.” 

Mr. Kohl said he was very 
satisfied with the long-awaited 
court ruling, which he said con- 
firmed his position that united 
Germany should take on more 
global responsibility. 

In Brussels, Mr. WOmer wel- 
comed the derision of the Ger- 
man constitutional court “con- 
cerning participation of 
German forces in operations 
other than those in defense of 
tiie territory of Germany and 
her NATO allies," a NATO 
spokesman said. 

He added that German in- 
volvement would make it easier 
for the international communi- 
ty to fulfill its responsibilities. 

Bonn ministers, aware of lin- 
gering fears among about an 
over-mighty Germany, have 
been at pains to stress that Ger- 
many has no plan to become a 
“world policeman” and will act 
only in concert with others and 
under a UN mandate. 

(Reuters, AP. AFP) 

LUNCH AT THE CASTLE — Hfllary Rodham Gfinton, left, and Haimelore KoU, wife 
of Germany’s chancellor, after their lunch Tuesday at Qiariotteiiburg Castle m 

Serbs and Muslims in Bosnia Extend Truce a Month 

The Associated Press 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina — 
Bosnian Serbs and the Muslim-led gov- 
ernment agreed Tuesday to renew a 
truce that took effect a month ago. 

The accord was announced by the 
United Nations special envoy, Yasushi 
AJcasbL in Sarajevo. He said the both 
sides had deaden to extend until Aug. 
10 the cease-fire that formally lapsed 

Saturday. The new truce is to go into 
effect immediately. 

Government officials have signed the 
new agreement and the Serbs have given 
verbal assurance that they would con- 
form, Mr. Akashi said. 

Like the dozens of others during the 
27-month war, the previous cease-fire 
was frequently broken, and the weak 
oral commitment by the Bosnian Serbs 
ut the new agreement on shaky ground 
ram the outset. 


any accor 

a token willingness by the warring fac- 
tions to work toward a permanent politi- 
cal solution. 

Fighting continued Tuesday, espe- 
cially in the northwestern Binac area, 
where government forces were battling 
Serbs and a renegade Muslim leader, 
Fikret Abdic. Battles also were reported 
in north-central Bosnia. 

Mr. Akashi said the cease-fire accord 
also urged an end to the practice of 

purging occupied territory of rival eth- 
nic groups, known as ethnic cleansing, 
and full compliance with human rights 

The combatants have only another 
week to accept or reject an international 
peace plan that would give ethnic Serbs 
49 percent of Bosnian territory and a 
Muskm-Croat federation the rest. Serbs 
now hold more than 70 percent of the 

Tourists Are Worried as 2 Bombings Wound 6 on Rhodes 


RHODES, Greece — Bomb 
explosions wounded six tour- 
ists, one seriously, on this popu- 


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Fan flr tad (Mated neum tori 

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lar vacation island Tuesday, the 
police said. 

Two blasts, at short intervals, 
rocked the island’s main city, 
also called Rhodes. A Dane was 
taken to a hospital for treat- 
ment of a leg injury. 

The others, slightly injured, 
included a Swede, a Dane, a 
German and two Greeks. A 
bomb in Rhodes’s coastal town 
of Lindas on Monday badly in- 
jured a Greek and an Italian 

m ask the butter.. 

Vhtrw iwnrtg u mjlbiag msat it it I*. 



The explosions on Tuesday 
around the island's main port 
city caused panic among tour- 
ists, the police said. 

No one has claimed responsi- 
bility for the attacks, but Public 
Order Minister Stelios Papathe- 
mdis said the bombings were 
aimed at Hamagr in cr tou rism. He 
added that he believed foreign 
agents were at work. 

Although officials in Athens 
refused to speculate about who 
bad earned out the attacks, 
Rhodes officials accused Tur- 
key. Ankara had accused 
Greece of tolerating terrorism 
after a senior Turkish diplomat 

was shot and KDed by guendllas 
in Athens on July 4. 

Turkey has also accused Ath- 
ens of training guerrillas of the 
separatist Kurdish Worker’s 

i year. 

. Police sources said the 
Rhodes bombs consisted of 
sticks of dynamite rigged with 
stow burning fuses. 

The first blast on Tbesday 
went off outside the Elli night- 
club in the popular Mandraid 
district. It wrecked nearby cars 
and motorbikes bat did not 
cause any injuries, the police 

U S, Urges 
Ankara to 
End Abuse 
Of Kurds 

The Associated Prat 

ANKARA — Gting allega- 
tions of torture and abuses in 
the militar y campaign against 
Kurdish rebels, aLLS. Stale De- 
partment official on Tuesday 
urged Turkey to move quickly 
to improve human rights. 
JahnShattuck, an assistant sec- 
retary of state, said: “The re- 
ports have grown more serious 
recently, particularly in the ar- 
eas of alleged restrictions an 
freedom of expression, allega- 
tions an the use of torture 
against pretrial detainees and 
alleged abuses against dvitians 
in the military operations 
against terrorists in the south- 
east" . • 

Mr.Shattuck, who deals with 
questions of democracy, human 
rights and labor, arrived here 
Sunday to discuss the allega- 
tions with Turkish officials and 
ci vilian groups. 

Turkey has come under in- 
creasing criticism from the 
United States, Western Europe 
and various international insti- 
tutions for abuses during its 
military campaign to: crack 
down on the Kurdish guerrillas, 
who have been fighting for an- 
tonomy Twkey’s Kurds for the 
past 10 years. 

Turkey denies human rights 
violations. ' 

“We recognize that some of 
these problems are in the con- 
text of . Turkey’s legitimate 
struggle against terrorist acts,” 
Mr. Shaituck said. But he 
stressed that basic human rights 
should not be abandoned in the 
fight against terrorism. 

The House of Representa- 
tives has attempted to link U.S. 
aid to impro v ement in Turkey’s 
human nights status. The Coun- 
cil of Europe’s parEamontaiy 
assembly voted to send a dele- 
gation to Turkey to investigate 
die Kurdish problem. The 
ferenoe on Security and Coop- 
eration in Europe also decided 

OO a fact- finding miyaarm 

Turkey’s image was further 
damaged abroad after the Par- 
liament voted to lift the immu- 
nity of six Kurdish deputies on 
charges of propagating Kurdish 
separatism, paving the way for 
their imprisonment in March. 

A state security court on 
Tuesday arrested two more for- 
mer Kurdish deputies who lost 
their parliamentary member- 
ship following the shutdown of 
their pro-Kjxrdish Democracy 
Party last month on similar 


IRA Shoots Down British Helicopter 

SSSS anpyte- 

Ste UfchtUta, « rate (70 

Bdfaa : Thetzaft, With adcsseo-.scJdiffla and three crew members 
aboard. ^ was struck m its tail, crash-landed and iolted onto us side, 

attack injured no one 

police said. 

It came as mardhersiiuui aw* >*««.“ — rj lTio .n^c Mm, 
fraternal sodety, the Orange Order, mantra 19 
tiie British-ruled province to 

day when 304 years ago a Protestant army under Kifag William ffl 
routed the Catholic rorw of King James IL 

Dissenters’ Strike Cripples Lagos 

LAGOS (AP)— Business ground to a halti and [strikers ‘threat- 
ened NIgcna’s aO-important ad exports an the most 

dramatrcahow of dissent yet to General Sam Abacha s military 

buses* and ferries stopped running and people 
. walking' to work found their offices empty. Armedpobce began 
pntr rJKno streets in Lagos. Few shops were open. Workers were 
parted staying hometn several other cities throughout southern 
Ni gttia^ wfaere opposition to the m ilitary dictatorship is strongest. 

Most of Nigerians commercial activity and all of the country’s 
petroleum f Wd s, which provide 80 percent of govaxuneni reve- 
nue also are located in me south. 

Ukraine Scoffs at G -7 Chernobyl Aid 

KTFV (Renters) — Ukraine’s top nuclear official dismissed 
proposed 'Western aid to close the Chernobyl power station as a 
pittance Tuesday and vowed to keep the plant running until 
proper assistance was forthcoming. __ . 

Tbe Group of Seven industrialized nations offered Ukraine 
$200 mOtion in immediate assistance tohdpshut the Chernobyl 
plant, site of the world's worst nuclear accident, in 1986, and to 
provide alternative energy. • 

“If it were $200 biffion, I wouhfcx’t complanO said Mikhail 
Umanets, head of Ukraonefr power authority. “But $200 

minimi — that’s less than 10 percent of whafs needed.” The 
director of the Chernobyl station. Sergei Parashin, pledged to 
continue safe operation of the plant, 150 kfiometers (90 miles) 
north of here. ... 

India and Pakistan in Spy Dispute 

NEW DELHI ( Reuters ) — An espionage dispute between 
India and Pakistan escalated Tuesday, with New Delhi expelling 
two Pakistani diplomats in a tit-for-tat move after Islamabad had 
♦piny rimiTar action against an Indian di plomat . 

. . •- The Indian government said it had told First Secretary Nascer- 
udat Ahmed and an embassy staff member, Afzal Khan Bajwa, to 
leave.the country within seven days. 

India .•protested what it called the “unlawful detention and 
brataf’tdrturing” by intefijgcnce agents of an Indian diplomat, 
V.SL Chmhari, on Monday night in Islamabad. A Pakistan For- 
eign Ministry statement said Pakistani security agencies had 
detained Mr. Chauhah “wHe he was receiving highly sensitive 
documents from a Pakistani agent.” 

A CrushmGDloiiy for U.K. Passports 

HONGKONG (Rentas) — Hong Kong professionals staged a 
huge, last-minute rush for British passports offered under a 
special scheme before the oolony reverts to dona in 1997, govern- 
ment figures obtained Tuesday showed. 

Keith Kwok, the government official in charge of the scheme, 
said he did not believe die rush was related to anxiety about the 
handoTO. *Tf people are concerned about the future, they don't 
wait to thebst minute to apply ” 

A total of 42,000 people applied for .13,000 passports available 
under the scheme^ thefigures showpd. Hong Kong residents who 
do’not appfy for , die i fia&-Fritish pBSsport flre aititled only to. a 
British National Overseas passport, which serves' as a travel 
document but gives no r«Klency_ rights in feitam. 

Canabod&aft^ Asylum 

KUALA LUMPUR (AT) — Cambodia is unhappy with the 
presence in Malaysia of Prince Norodom Chakrapong, who fled 
hoe after allegedly leading a coop attempt, Foreign Minister 
Abdullah Ahmed Badawi said Tuesday. 

Mr. Badawi gave no details. Prince Chakrapong, a son of King 
Norodom SShanouk, arrived on July 3. He has said in a letter to 
Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim that he was not involved 
in any attempt to seizepawer in Cambodia. 

Me. Anwar said the Malaysian cabinet would allow the prince 
to stay at least temporarily. Mr. Badawi did not indicate whether 
Malayria would ask the prince to leave. 


Mr. Sha t ra ck said he visaed 
some of the jailed former depu- 
ties in Ankara. 

“There is widespread con- 
cern in the United States, espe- 
cially in our Congress, about 
their freedom of speech, then- 
freedom of expression and the 
possibility (hat they have been 
jailed for speeches that they 

made in the United States when 
they were visiting our Con- 
” he said. 

aju u uao • 

l“tv<§£ Bastille Day Strikes Set in France 

PARIS (AFP) Strikes by the staff of France’s domestic 
airiine Air Inter, , air traffic controllers in Aix-en-Provence and 
tec hni cians nationwide could disrupt French air travel over the 
Bastille Day holiday. . .. 

One-third of Air Inter’s flights were canceled Tuesday. Air 
traffic cbnfrolkss in Aix-en-Provence direct traffic in the sooth- 
east of France as wdl as to holiday destinations in Italy, the Costa 
Brava and the Balearic Islands. 

The tec h ni c ians declared a paralysis of key services that would 
involve significant delays to flights on Wednesday and Thursday 
at Paris’s Oriy and Chaidesde GauBe airports. Tms action will be 
continued the weekend of July 30-31, when many French. leave for 
August vacations. 

Brftafart fifth 2>f how nd strike seemed certain to go ahead on j 
Wednesday after-more than 13 hours erf talks between manage- 
ment and the union ended in deadlock. Another stoppage is 
planned for July 20. 

Fourteen people. wereft 

the bulls at Pamplona, Spain, during the eight-day festivaL A 
Pampkmaresident was in critical afterhewas carried 15 meters on 
a bull’s hom. Nine people were treated for fractures «yid head 
wounds^ _ (Reuters) 

Kmnft wB reduce changes on overs ea s telephone calls to 30 
countries by around 15 percent nextmonth. TtKi cuts, mostly to 
Asian and European countries, take effect on Aug. 2. (Reuters) 
Owkra was g|a*a&ag rapidly in China's flood-ravaged south- 
ern provinces, with 618 cases repeated in the last m onth officials 
said Tuesday. ... (AFP) 

■ Authorities hi the FUfaplits warned Tuesday thn | an outbreak 
of cholera had spread to Manila, with "27 niew cases in the area in 
the past week. (AP) 



To call from country to country, or back to the U.S., dial the WorldPhone number of the country you're calling from. 








lA'/jjbblf irom 

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Czech Repoblir'A O 

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Den mark' C l . « 


Honduras +■ 

001 -800-674-7000 



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lOmsxJr of Manana. cUfll 02 first) - - ISS 

Bahamas 1 CC 1 









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Belgium COt 

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Miliury Bases; 




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Sm MarinalCO* ■ 

* ‘172-1022 

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. 95AHb674-r0lV 

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South AfrkaiCCV 

0600 - 99 * 111 ' 


ya *ee m «o* 

I’wuurMCI Card* kial telephone end or call caRect—aU ai ibc same tow rates. 

•li M ■i , iii),H>n«iuilr> .jIW \Lh >h« jvjiUUc i.^ dl piutuJIKndl'liKiMo 0' rtJ * n 

■§■ Jjmin-J V vejv t* cu-*! Jul unti A bomtATWI H. 

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SpatoJCa 900-99^0014 

. • - 191-997-OOtil 

Sweden ICO* OZO-795-922 

SwiBseriandtCO* 15JMJZ22 

Trinidad &; Tobago 

United Klngdotiitco 

lb ddl the US, nsmg BT • 08OOA9-G222 
Tb^theUA.usmgMSCLTO’ 030CF89P-222 
To oil anywhere other than ih? usosoO-SaiaOPt 
u™»»y -- • •• •• 000-412 

US. Virgin blmdstCO l-SOO-BSMtW 

Vwdcan Oiy ICO 172-1022 

Venezuela**' . gOO-m-Ht 

• Let It, Take You Around the World. 

From MO • ■ - 

Impnmc par Offprint. 7.1 rue de l 'Evowgife. 7f0l8 Paris. 


■t ' 



- X- -IT 

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Page 3 

?!j£ sgsr- 

; as . <. :✓ « Jt err— 


fwa is-* WSf^ _ i 5 »l 

^ v: ~r '^35 

Georgia Assesses the Devastation as It Awaits River’s Crest 

Lawy * r * O wrtHrt Energy Department 

°A!" to 

i-imn.ii, ..fT,. i - . against class ara 

mvesfagatjcmiias foraT^ < • . 

SaSSSSs? 5 :?®® 6 * 5 

♦n fWi^x; iCi: A. t, ofcul * ooshkss anmex,~accorcm]g 
SSJSRSSfi® ««** .Eo«gy and. Commerce suW 

heSSg wSSj. 3 ” 1 “"“is**!™ N“* “P«« « » 

WvddM^lK^IncnaK tlx: 

{qt ax lawsuits since 

case involving the Hanford nuclear wwmeros plant in Wash- 
mg£©a state cost $29 nriffid n and is itowbens war a trial. 

m the past, the Enemy md Omxn^' Ommstod chair- 
man, Jdm D.Din^n, DemoOTOfWidn^has used the 
overright subcommittee to expose overcharges from 
contractors and from universities that conduct govemmeni- 
spotsored research. In this instance/ Mr. Dingeflplansto lay 
responsibility mi the contractors, the law firms arid the 
tnergy Department. He wfll criticazethe d&artm eat for lax 
oweraght, fading to set ihmts for legalcharges and infrequent 
biUmg reviews. 1 - < • (WP) 


. WASHINGTON — Squeezed by the ri gffi spending oeil- 
mgs that weneenacted last year tokroertbebn^tdeaSt, the 
House of Representatives has approved only a fraction of the 
new money that President Bin Chuton sought this year for his 
mam domestic initiat i ves.' 1 - - 

In tlw appropriations bills it passed'bstmonxh, the House 

increase he wanted for Head Start, only half the increase he 
requested for the main federal education program for poor 
chfldroo, and less than half of the additional money he wanted 
for his national service program. J 

Administration officials said they hoped that more of the 
extra money for what tlw president calls investments would 
be approved when the Senate Ibis month takes up the appro- 
priations bills for the fiscal year 1995, which begins Oct I. 
But they conceded that any improvements would be slight. 

The House did about as weal as could be expected, said 
Banv J. Toiv, chief spokesman for the Office of Management 
and Bndget, “given how tight the spending freeze is and how. 
difficult at is for the app ro pri atois to make room for die 
investments.” He calculated that the House approved about 
60 percent of the S^JnHion in investment priorities that the 
president proposed m his budget last winter. 

About one-third of the federal budget is controlled by the 
appropriations process. It involves what is known as discre- 
tionary spending, money that Congress allots every year for 
items ranging from air conditioners to aircraft carriers. Half 
the $1.5 trillion federd budget gpes to entitlement programs. 
This money is mrtomaticafoaBbcaied*^ meets 

the qualifications. Nearly fepgngnt ofthe entitkanenl mon- 
ey is spent for Social $eamty» p«EDi<BKlbr fedtta3 workers,' 
Medicare arid Medicaid. Tim rest of the federal- budget is 
spent for interest payments on the .national debt. (NYT) 


A headline in Ro E Call, the < 
former Rquesenlative Nlchfjlas^ 

, HQ1 newspaper, after 

' ■ of Massachusetts 
_ _ Eyed a sentence 

. for No Ej- 

Mcmbers^JaiL”—"' v.-,mr * f-.-.--. * ' : 

*•" *.» 7 rr- -r*—. 

- r— *f\ -• 

Away Atom Politics 

• A U^. District Court jury in Anchorage, Alaska, was given 
the task <rf dedrirnghowmoch commercial fishermen should 
be compensated fw damages from the 1989 Exxchi Valdez oil 
spill, worstin tf JS. history. Same 10,060 fishermen — claim- 

values and ruined^^^^ and herring stocks — are seeking 
$895 mSKon fro m Exxon Goto. Eleven mflfioh gallons of oil 
were dumped on the shores of Educe WBham Sotmd and into 
offshore waters. . (< . . 

• Protested faTemiesseehlodajd the enftrancetotbc only 

U.S. nuclear plant c mi e n dy-Hnder<x»nstraction- Fifty-two 
demonstrate** were arrested^ The Watts Bar Nuclear Plant, 
50 miles (80 kBometers) southwest of Knoxville, has been 
under construction dace I9tL Management and safety probr 
tans have contributed to thc-dday. 

«A OStanSA fBghway Patrol ameer was Hied by a 
shotgun blast after stopping a stofch car near Bakersfield. It 
was me first slaying in itehighwaypatrol in almost two years. 
The officer, Alan Maxwell, 33, exchanged shots with the 
occupants of the car,;who escaped. ■" ' • j 

• Ron Canyy, who became president of the nation’s 1.4 
miffi nn Teamsters on a pledge to tgmxst comgjtion, was 
cleared in New York Cityby an independent oversight panel 
of aiiitgatinns that he had ties to members tif organized corses 
11 m panel also said it had found no evidence to 
accusation that Mr- Cany ^ had engaged in improper 

• A U5. onne safety inspector, Edward L. 4Se n d ri de, 57, 
admitted taking $800 in bribes from coal mme oparitras as he 
entered a -My pka in VS. District Court m Pikevflle, 
Kentucky. Two other inspectors were expected to plead 
guilty, arid a fourth was headed for trial 



Renters, A P, ATT 

JBy Peter Applehome 

y Httt York Times Service 

ATLANTA — Long after the muddy waters 
go down in Albany, after the stench of human 
waste and 300,000 dead chickens disappears 
from Montezuma, after workers start repairing 
1,700 roads, 600 bridges and 100 dams damaged 
by flooding last week, the Southeast's answer to 
the Midwestern flooding of last year will contin- 
ue to haunt this battered state. 

The- waters were still rising Tuesday in the 
southwestern comer of Georgia, and officials in 
Bainbridgc worked to move townspeople out of 
danger as they awaited the Flint River's record 
crest later this week. 

But from Atlanta south, the area battered by 
the rains brought by the tropical storm designat- 
ed. Alberto, residents arid officials ware begin- 
ning to ponder the long-tom effects of the worst 
flooding in Georgia’s history. 

The death toll was already heavy; 28 killed 
since the rain began a week ago, compared with 
48 deaths attributed to last year's summeiiong 
flood in the Midwest Arid, as residents of the 
Midwest learned,, the economic, environmental 

and emotional damage was also certain, to be 

Problems included industries that might be 
crippled for months, freight rail lines that were 
shut down by washed-out bridges that could take 
months to repair, and up to 1.300 hazardous 
chemical sites that were in the flooded area and 
bad the potential to cause significant environ- 
mental problems. 

“You know, I would like to be optimistic and 
say well get over this by spring.” said Tommy 
Ohnstead, the mayor of Macon, “but that's not 
the case. This is going to have years of effects on 
US. We have never bad a disaster like this in 

In the areas still inundated or where Qoodwa- 
ters were still rising, the present, not the future, 
was the main concern Monday. Id Albany, the 
Flint River, which split the town in half and 
drove a quarto: of the city's 80,000 residents 
from their homes, finally crested Monday, two 
days after officials had expected it would.' 

Downstream, the small town of Newton was 
almost completely inundated. Still waiting for 
the worst was the town of Bainbridge. the last 

major town in the Flint’s path, where waters were 
expected to crest Wednesday at 48 feet (about 15 
meters), a record 23 feet above flood level 

At the VigoTo Industries fertilizer plant in 
Atlanta, the National Guard worked to build a 
(0-foot-high around a tank that held toxic 
i j ipin ymia. Officials said they were confident it 
would hold off the floodwaiers, but they were 
prepared to evacuate the remaining residents in 
the area if it did not 

But in much of the state, people were begin- 
ning to dry out and gel their first vivid glimpses 
of how long-lived the effects of the flooding will 
be. And officials at the Georgia Emergency 
Management Agency command post got help 
from someone well -versed in flooding: Ellen 
Gordon, director of the Iowa Emergency Man- 
agement Agency. 

“From wfaat I can see, Georgia looks a lot like 
Iowa did last year.” she said. “There are very few 
differences. The people here are dealing with 
exactly the same issues — public health, what (o 
do about water, how to reach the people that 
need help.” 

In Montezuma, a town of 4,500 about 110 
miles (180 kilometers) sooth of Atlanta, where 
the downtown was flooded last week, much of 
the water was gone Monday. But officials said 
they did not know how long it would be before 
the town would be habitable. 

Even when the town becomes livable, residents 
will have to cope with the loss of the town’s 
biggest employer, the Southern Frozen Foods 
factory, which had employed 550 people full 
time and an additional 15d during the summer 
growing season. 

Another big worry was the disruption of rail 
service, the main avenue for many industries and 
farmers to get their products to market. 

And for those evacuated and left homeless, the 
pain and heartache were only beginning. 

*Tve got my five children and a grandson, and 
all we got out was the clothes on our back and 
some socks and underwear for the children,” said 
Teronice Harris as she sat on a cot Saturday at a 
shelter in Albany. “It is very hard to see where we 
go from here.” 

Defense Lab Blush: 
Pom in Computers 

An anioial^xMitrol officer handing over a fox that was rescued from the modify floodvraamrf tire I^tlUvw in Georgia. 

U.S. Finds Achilles Heel in Giant C-17 Transport 

Los Angeks Times Service 

WASHINGTON — The huge McDon- 
nell Douglas C-17 cargo jet can land only 
on less thim half the nearly 10,000 foreign 
airfields that the U.S. Air Force has 
claimed in justifying the $43 billion pro- 
gram, according to the General Account- 
ing Office. 

^Despite years of assertions by the Air 
Farce, that the plane has' a .revolutionary 

capability to land and take off at unim- 
proved air strips, the accounting office 
found that many of the foreign fields are 
too weak to support the weight of the C-17. 

The plane has survived a number of 
technical setbacks, and it is too early to 
assess if the latest revelation will cause 
serious political damage to the program. 
The air force has said the planes wiD cost 
an average of $325 million each over the 

life of the program — by far the most 
costly cargo jet in history. 

The C-17 is designed lo land in less than 
2,000 feet (610 meters), enabling supplies 
to be flown directly from cargo bases into 
foreign battle zones. 

The military plans to use the C-17 in 
wartime on runways that, according to 
General Accounting Office officials, 
would cause serious damage after only 100 
landings and takeoffs. 

R.J. Reynolds 3d Dies, 
Philanthropist Was 60 

The Associated Pms 

PINEHURST, North Caroli- 
na — Richard Joshua Reynolds 
3d, a grandson and. the name- 
sake of the tobacco company’s 
founder, has died at 60. 

His half-brother, Patrick 
Reynolds, an anti-smoking ac- 
tivist, said Mr. Reynolds died 
June 28 of emphysema and con- 
gestive heart failure caused by 

The cause of death could not 
be verified. Mr. Reynold’s phy- 
sician, Dr. Robert Chin, re- 
ferred calls to a family lawyer, 
who was not in his office. 

A spokeswoman for RJ- 
Rcynolds Tobacco Co. said the 
company had no comment. 
Reynolds is the nation's sec- 
ond-largest tobacco company. 

Mr. Reynolds, a philanthro- 
pist, founded Fuji Sky Publish- 
ing, a company dedicated to 
publishing the work of young 
writers. He . also produced the 
film “Siddhartha,” based on a 
novel by Herman Hesse. 

Mr. Reynolds also founded a 
camp devoted to Sufism in the 
mountains southeast of Albu- 
querque, New Mexico. The 

foundation based its beliefs on 
the Sufi movement, a mystical 
extension of Islam. About 500 
of the institute’s 5,000 members 
attended the camp for two 
months every summer. 
Wiffiam Renchard, 96, 

Was Chief at Chemical Bank 

GLEN COVE, New York 
(NYT) — William Ren chard. 
86, who guided Chemical Bank 
from a largely regional institu- 
tion into a global financial pow- 
er, died Monday. 

The cause of death was a 
stroke, his daughter, Christine 
'Huffman, said. 

Mr. Ren chard was with 
Chemical. Bank for 48 years, 
serving as president from I960 
to 1973 and as chairman of the 
executive committee of the 
board of directors from 1973 
until 1978, when he retired. 

German in Fatal FTttnge 


ZERMATT, Switzerland — 
A 20-year-old German woman 
plunged 3,000 meters to hear 
death after she slipped off a 
mountain near this Swiss resort. 




[ fains are making a comeback, 
ungton Post reports. Track: 
are shifting long-haul trailers 
xcars; steamship lines move 
ntainers inland by rail; the 
Act has produced a boom m 
coaL - 

gfst 22 weeks of this year, 
to the Association of Amen- 
ads, the total rail freight vd- 
pby4^pcroerafK«n ayear 
£umg a sieady 
it picked ap speed begmmnfr 

on J^cchainnai Wcharf 

an, says, “I *e sustamabte 
far into the future as you can 

lonior tnc — - ~ 

Vet of 1980, which deregu- 

freed railroads cut back 
ad labor whfle investing in 
nrc© efficient locomotives 

% .f akffllt half 

the ririfcaage of 50 years ago, major rail- 
roads haul 30 percent more tonnage than 
at the height of World War n. • 

Short Takes 

Out-of-coart settlements of lawsuits 
for malpractice or product defects that 
remain secret are a menace to the public, 
consumer advocates declare, because 
people don’t find out about profession- 
als or products that couM threaten 

According to the Association of Trial 
Lawyers of America, at least .34 states 
have passed laws since 1985 requiring 
judges to consider public safety before 
sealing records. 

The U-S. Omgress and several other 
states are considering similar require- 

Astronauts — tall and short alike — 
tend to grow by two or more inches in 
space because of an dongaied spine, a 
phenomenon, that is caused by the ab- 
sence of gravity and often accompanied 
by back pain- 

They revert to their normal heights 
once bade on earth. Height limits for 
ast rona uts on the Space Shuttle are a 
TrnnfTnum of 4 feet 10V4 inches (1.48 
centimeters) to a maximum of 6 feet 4 

Eggs taruish gBven w re because they 
, contain sulfur. So do rubber bands. 

which are vulcanized with sulfur com- 
pounds. Low-grade cardboard may also 
emit tarnishing fumes. Common silver 
polish and elbow grease can remove tar- 

And according to The McGraw Hill 
Encyclopedia of Chemistry, tarnish may 
be removed chemically toy hearing the 
article in a dilute solution of table salt 
and baking soda, or by placing it in 
contact with a more active metal, like 
aluminum, which reads with the sulfur 
and eventually leaves the silver dean; 
this may be done with a wad of alumi- 
num for] placed in a dishpan of soapy 

Midway, Faimew and Oak Grove are 
places that may sound familiar. And they 
should. The Associated Press notes. 

They are the three most popular com- 
munity names in the United States. A 
total of 549 communities bears one of 
them, accmding to the U.S. Geological 
Survey and the U.S. Board on Geograph- 
ic Names, 

Other names for at least 100 dties, 
towns, villages and subdivisions each are 
Five Points (145), Pleasant Hill (113) i 
Centerville (109), Mount Pleasant (108), 
Riverside (106), Bethd (105) and New 
Hope (98). 

'Lincoln is the most popular famous 
person’s name, with .45. places. 

International Herald Tribune. 

Las Angeles Times Service 

LOS ANGELES — Dramati- 
cally illustrating the security 
problems posed by the rapid 
growth of the Internet comput- 
er network, one of the nation's 
three nuclear weapons labs has 
confirmed that computer hack- 
ers were using its computers to 
store and distribute hard-core 

Embarrassed officials at 
Lawrence Livermore National 
Laboratory in Livermore. Cali- 
fornia, which conducts classi- 
fied research and has highly so- 
phisticated security procedures, 
said the incident was among the 
most serious breaches of corn- 
ier security ever at the lab, 
oca ted east of San Francisco. 

The offending computer, 
which was shut down after a 
Los Angeles Times reporter in- 
vestigating Internet hacking 
alerted lab officials, contained 
more than 1.000 pornographic 
images. It was believed to be the 
largest cache of Illegal hard- 
core pornography ever found 
on a computer network. 

While hackers once devoted 
their efforts to disrupting com- 
puter systems at large organiza- 
tions or stealing electronic in- 
formation, they have now 


developed ways of seizing con- 
trol of Internet-linked comput- 
ers and using them to store and 
distribute pornography, stolen 
computer software, and other 
illicit information. 

The Internet, a “network of 
networks” originally designed 
to connect computers at univer- 
sities and government research 
labs, has grown dramatically in 
size and technical sophistica- 
tion in recent years. It is now 
used by many businesses and 
individuals and is often viewed 
as the prototype for the “infor- 
mation superhighway” of the 

But the Internet has an un- 
derside, where so-called “pi- 
rates” with code names like 
“Mr. Smui,” “Aridflux” and 
“The Cowboy” traffic in illegal 
or illegally obtained electronic 
information. The structure of 
the Internet means that such 
pirates can carry out their 
crimes from almost anywhere in 
the world, and tracing them is 
nearly impossible. 

At Livermore, officials said 
they believed that at least one 
lab employee was involved in 
the pornography ring, along 
with an undetermined number 
of outride collaborators. 

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Amid Ruin and Death, People of Kigali Try Put Up a Good Front 



By Jonathan C. Randal 

Waatingtan Port Soviet 

KIGALI, Rwanda — A week 
•after rebels capped a three- 
month siege by capturing Kiga- 
li, the capital's surviving resi- 

dent 5 are doing their best to put 
.on a show of bustle and deter- 

,on a show of bustle and deter- 
mination in what is still basical- 
ly a ghost town. 

. Disregarding broken glass 
and litter in the streets, the 
, "'ptench of decomposing flesh 
.and the lack of running water 
and electricity, the people 
blocked to the ransacked open 
central market, long the bean 
of the capital for its prewar 
-population of 350,000. 

The rich came in cars. The 
less affluent manned heavily 
laden wheelbarrows and over- 
loaded bicycles, and the poor 
carried their few belongings 
atop their heads or were 
trucked into town by rebels of 
the triumphant Rwandan Patri- 
otic Front. 

Until Sunday, all 35,000 re- 
maining residents were huddled 
in churches, hotels and a stadi- 
um as rebels rooted out soldiers 
and militiamen loyal to the gov- 
ernment dominated by the ma- 
jority Hutu tribe. 

Rwanda erupted April 6. 
when President Juvenal Ha- 
byarimana was killed in a suspi- 

cious plane crash. The death of 
Mr. Habyarimana, a Hutu, ig- 
nited weeks of massacres by ex- 
tremist Hutu in which at least 
200,000 Rwandans were killed. 

Most victims have been mod- 
erate Hutu and members of the 
minority Tutsi tribe, the ethnic 
group that controls the Rwan- 
dan Patriotic Front. 

Residents who fled Kigali re- 
turned to a city ravaged by 
d amage that appeared random. 
A heavy mortar shell brought 
down a textile shop opposite 
the market, spilling its yellow 
bricks onto the sidewalk. But 
other buildings seemed to have 
escaped the siege with little 

more *h«n a few missing win- 

But this war-blasted city of- 
fered rewards to some of the 
remaining residents. Rebel 
troops handed out bolts of doth 
— apparently taken from the 
pillaged central market — to a 
crowd delighted by this ‘‘redis- 
tri button of wealth.” 

Three young Tutsi women 
near the market who said their 
parents had either been killed 
or had disappeared, said a 
“friend” had given them pots of 
hair straightener and other cos- 
metics they carried. 

One young man sported a 
black leather attache case and a 

coflee grinder that, he said a 
soldier had given him. A man 
with two large boxes of hand 
soap said he, too, was thankful 
to a rebel soldier for his wind- 

While some Kigali residents 
profited from impromptu lar- 

gesse, others searched neigh- 
borhoods for their belongings 
to help put their lives bade to- 

For Pierre-Celestin Kan- 
imba, a physician, that meant 
reclaiming a stolen refrigerator, 
a generator, a car and a com- 
puter, and sweeping broken 
glass and other debris from his 
nearby dinic. 

He said he had found the car. 
at the Defense Ministry and the 
rest of his things ai the nearby 
home of a militia leader who 
had fled Tbew mili tia leader's 
wife admitted the goods were 
not here. 

“We’ve got to roll up our ■ 
sleeves and get to work/* Dr. 
Kanimba nafl. “We Want topUt 
these nrimfnnl politicians and- 
mititia leaders responsible on 
trial for crimes against human- 
ity.” • 

Egide Karuraga, a business- 
man friend of die doctor, was. 
not so lucky. He lost $150,000 
worth of computers, televisions 
and other electronic gear taken 

at gunpoint from his shop by 
the Breridtatial Guard, , who 
were quartered in the neighbor- 
hood unto they fled to safety 
lastwedc - 

Mr. Karuraga said ^ es- 
caped guardsmen who were 
searching for Tittsi . to kill by 
sho win g them lus passport Un- 
tike Rwandan identify cards, . 
die passport does not identify 
people, as Hum or Tutsi and 

makes no mention of ethnic on- 

gm- - . _ , 

TUAxndOKd Preo 
PARIS -^Fiance will begin 

nTHng troops out of Rwanda at 
« and of July, Defense Minis- 

ter FimJpotsLeo»ro5a»* iuc»- 

day. ... 

“It is certainly our desire to 
withdraw from that country as 
ouickly as possible,” Mr. Leo- 
uud said of. the 2^00 French 

"They looked at me dbsdf, 
but luckily of a classi- 

cally. Tutsi aquiline nose, mine 
is broad and allows me to pass 
fora Hutu,” Mr. Karuraga said. 

safe zone. ■ 

- “It's therefore at the end of 
the month of July that the Tur- 
quoise contingent will begin 
puffing ©at,” he said, refemng 
to die name -of the operation 
prance launched June 23 to res- 
cue dvffians from new massa- 
cres. - 





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After Voter Rebuff: 

Tackle the Economy 

By Steven Erlanger 

■ NtwlorkTbna Scntn 
KIEV — After using their 
QOTOCTatic votes to throw out 
first president, who was 
ogy halfway through his term, 
Ukrainians woke to a summer's 
day like any other. 

Some worried nl 

worried about the fate 

of the nation; 

. ... some worried 

the freshness of the day’s 

But in the corridors of the 
government, officials said, there 
was a kind of hushed panic in 
the face of the laggpst prospec- 
tive change is Ukraine since in- 1 

Leaud M. Kravchuk, the 
former Communist Party ideol- 
ogy secretary who led Ukrain e 
to independence, stayed locked 
in his office, silent. He n un l fl no 
public comment an his 

ing official said, describing the 
scene. ‘‘People are tarring in the 
corridors and walking around 
with downcast faces. No one’s 
saying it, but everyone is so un- 
certain inside. You can see ev- 
eryone ferns for his position.” 

About Mr. Kravchuk, the of- 
ficial said: “He was so sure he 
would win. He even signed de- 
crees in his last days and made 
promises to people. Bariums af- 
ter he gets over the shock and 
we get the final results, hell be a 
good sport about it" 

Yaropolk Kukfayekyj, local 
head of an American election 
monitoring foundation, sees the 
defeat of Mr. Kravchuk — and 
of Prime Minister Vyacheslav 
F. Kebich in ndgbboriiig Be- 
larus — as voters’ revenge on a 
holdover leadership that faSed 

Sunday to ■“*** 

Ii'mic p caiucQum ereo- 2 Q{j prosperity irr addition to 

andayxnbols of state- 


One aide said brusquely; “If 
“1 want to find out what Mr. 
ivcbuk is doing, ask w»> 
yourself. He’s now a simple citi- 
zen of Ukraine.” 

He will be president until 
July 19, when Leonid D. 
Kuchma, the former missile- 
factory director and prime min- 
ister, will be swom in. 

Mr. Kuchma kept his silence, 
after calls for nation «f unity. . 

His aides said he was prepar- 
ing for a news conference on 


“Basically nothing had 
changed accept a big drop in 
living standards,” he said. 

Jan £. Brzryinrfri, a member 
of Parliament’]) advisory coun- 
cil, said die election reflected 
voters’ “dic?Ungire'miTif ) > ’ both 
with Mr. Kravchuk's careful 
nurturing of the status quo and 
with the West, which made 
of aid and support 
feds have not 

fednesday, in which he will try 

to begin to answer 

problems of a shattered econo- 
my, an east-west regional spirt, 
executive and legislative over- 

lap and the future of Ukraine’s 

mans with Russia, from en- 
ergy dependency to the Black 
Sea Fleet. 

Senior Western diplomats 
here think the election of Mr. 
Kuchma heralds the beginning 
of real change in Ukraine. 

“Kuchma may not be as able 
a politician as Kravchuk,” one 
said. “Bat he's mine of a prob- 
lem-solver. There may not be a 
comprehensive package of re- 
frains, but Kuchma’s more de- 
cisive, and he’s going to try to 
come to grips with problems as 
he sees them — first die econo- 
my and then to show he’s the 
president of all Ukraine.” 

But for a coty and often cor- 
rupt power structure that has 
scarcely altered since Soviet 
days, except for the color of die 
flag on the wal^.it’s^sjf Kim II 

Sung had died. 

- “The 

: restdtaare so surprising:-:; 
for everyone,'” a "middle-rank- ~ 

beat kept. 

“The dection has reflected, 
evtm L crystallized, the split be- 
tween Europeanized Slavs in 
western Ukraine and the Rns- 
so-SZ&v vision of what Ukraine 
should be,” Mr. BrzezmksisakL 
*Tfs not ethnic polarization so 
much as different cultures,” 

• with a. different view of- where 
economic salvation might he. 

... suggest tbe disxBusion- 
ment is so strong in the nation- 
- ahst west, centered around for- 
meriy Polish Galicia, , that the 
wraid should worry less about 
Czhneari separatism and more 
about “Gabcian separatism.” . 

Some raise the example of the 
framer Qsedioriovakia, which 
split in the postSoviet rubble. 
But Western diplomats beh'eve 
that Mr. Kuchma, who has 
” talked, of a more federal 
Ukraine, will move quickly to 
tty to calm the nationalists, who 
have nowhere else to go. 

: Russified eastern Ukraine, 
Js less interested in. 

f cBBM -jWM --than in -ge ttin g 
;< 3 texgy, raw materials 
orders for its factories. " ' 

Without Fanfare, Arafat Takes 
Reins of Power in Gaza Strip 

By David Hoffman 

Washington Pea Service 

JERUSALEM — Yasser Arafat returned 
Tuesday to take up residence in the Gaza Strip 
and begin tackling the social, economic and 
rebuilding problems facing the Palestinian na- 
tional authority. 

Driving into Gaza from Egypt, Mr. Arafat got 
a muted welcome, in contrast to the thousands 
who came out to see him on his return from exile 
July 1. A few hundred Palestinians wailed in 
knots along the roads but most Gazans amply 
ignored his arrival in a protected motorcade. 

“The celebrations are over and today the work 
starts.” said hussar Wazir, the Palestinian minis- 
ter of welfare, whose husband, Khalil Wazir, was 
Mr. Arafat's deputy. Knows as Abu Jihad, he 
was killed by Israeli commandos in 1988. 

Mr. Arafat arrived in Gaza with his wife, Saha, 
and is expected to take up residence in the 
seaside Palestine Hotel until finding a villa. 

Aides have said Mr. Arafat will move back and 
forth between the two autonomous zones, Gaza 
and the West Bank town of Jericho, but focus his 
attention on Gaza because of the problems fac- 
ing Palestinians there. 

“He must now stay a long time in Gaza until 
the work of rebuilding is developed,” said Mrs. 

During more than a decade in Tunis as chair- 
man of the Palestine liberation Organization. 
Mr. Arafat was known for jetting around the 
globe while r unning the PLO almost alone. 

Now that Palestinian self-rule is getting under 
way. critics have questioned whether he can 
change his habits and remain in Gaza to super- 
vise die rebuilding while delegating authority. 

His move to Gaza on Tuesday was a sign that 
he is serious about running the new authority, 
but even his allies said he would not remain i'n 
Gaza all the time. 

“He will not be imprisoned in Gaza,” said 
Mrs. Wazir. “He will have his international rela- 
tions like any president” 

Mr. Arafat was described by aides as tired 
after flying to Paris to receive an award following 
his homecoming here two weeks ago. He also 
toured the Persian Gulf states seeking money for 
the new Palestinian government and received’ a 
formal send-off from Tunis, which hosted the 
PLO after it was expelled from Lebanon in 1982. 

Jn Egypi before his arrival here, Mr. Arafat 
told reporters, “Don't forget that the Palestinian 
infrasirucmre was completely destroyed during 
the Israeli occupation and we must start again 
from scratch." 

On his arrival, Mr. Arafat reviewed a police 
honor guard and sped away in a limousine for- a 
meeting with ministers in the national authority. 

There are supposed to be 24 seats in the 
council but so far only half have been sworn in. 
Mrs. Wazir said two senior aides to Mr. Arafat. 
Yasser Abed-Rabbo. the communications minis- 
ter, and Ahmed Qurei, the economics minis ter, 
are expected to arrive Thursday. 

Sitting with Mis. Wazir in the hotel ballroom, 
Mrs. Arafat said she would focus on issues con- 
cerning women and humanitarian needs in Gaza. 
On Friday, aides said, a group of about 50 
Palestinian orphans from the Sabra and Chatfla 
refugee camps in Lebanon are expected to arrive 

in Gaza from Tunis. The parents of the orphans 

i -backed 

were slain by Israeli-backed Christian militia- 
men during the 1982 Lebanon invasion. 

Kims DrtiertyRcuicr* 

ALL WET — Peter Moore, a town crier in London, pouring a bottle of mineral water 
over his bead to keep cool. The temperature was in the high 80s Tuesday in most of 
Britain and Hie rest of Western Europe. In Madrid, it soared to a scorching 106. 

Italy Recalls Some Diplomatic Staff 
From Algeria as Violence Worsens 

Court Nominee Defends Ethics 

Breyer’s Toxic- Waste Rulings Under Scrutiny 

By Alan CoweU 

New York Tima Service 

ROME — Citing a “new and 
dramatic deterioration” in Al- 
geria. Italy said Tuesday that it 
was reducing diplomatic staff 

and deploying more security 

The Associated Press 

preme Court nominee, Stephen 
G. Breyer, defended hims elf 
Tuesday against allegations he 
may have acted unethically by 
ruling on environmental cases 
in wfich be had an indirect fi- 
nancial interest. 

“I am confident that my sit- 
ting on those cases did not rep- 
resent any conflict of interest,” 
the UJS. appellate judge told the 
Senate Judiciary Committee as 
ins confirmation hearing, began. 

■ A millionaire,- Judge Breyer 
held substantial interests in 

endorsed Judge Breyer even be- 
fore he was nominated. 

On Monday, White House 
officials released numerous 
documents in an attempt to dis- 
credit the conflict-of-interest 
reports. “He filed clear disclo- 
sure of all his holdings,” Attor- 
ney General Janet Reno said on 

The White House released a 
letter from Stephen Gillers, a 
New York University law pro- 
fessor and legal ethics expert, 
who concluded that Judge 
Breyer had done nothing illegal 
or unethical. 

beled the nominee as too sym- 
pathetic to big business. 

Judge Breyer’s record in this 
' is been 

Russia and China Sian Pact 

Lloyd’s of London, the insurer, 
in the IS 

1980s while be was ruling 
in toxic- waste cleanup cases in 
which Lloyd’s tad its investors, 
although not directly involved, 
potentially had a financial 

Judge Breyer was not asked 
to afieei 

The Associated Pros 

MOSCOW — The defense ministers of Russia and China 
signed an agreement Tuesday to avert military accidents such as 
unintentional banter crossings, jamming' of radar, inadvertent 
missil e launches and violations of airspace. - 
After years of tension between the neighbors, their relations 
have been improving recently: and the new agreement is another 
step in that direction. ■ V, ‘ 

“We now havemore contacts, more meetings, mote confidence 
in each other,” Defense Minister Pavel S. Grachev told the Itar- 
Tass news agency after a signing ceremony with his Chinese 

The issue is not expected to 
affect Judge Breyer’s chances 
deemed by most as almost 
certain — of being approved by 
the 18-member committee and 
confirmed by the Senate. The 
hearing is expected to last 
through Friday. 

“1 believe he will be con- 
firmed,” said Senator Orem G. 
Hatch, of Utah, the commit- 
tee’s ranking Republican, who 

about the alleged conflicts of 
interest. Bringing the matter up 
himself, he told the committee 
he was moving to divest himself 
of all insurance holdings and is 
attempting to get ont of a con- 
tractual arrangement under 
which he is supposed to remain 
a Lloyd’s investor until 1995. 

Judge Breyer played down 
lis scholarly pursuits. I 

bis scholarly pursuits. He has 
written numerous books and 
speaks three languages. 

One member of toe commit- 
tee; Senator Edward M. Kenne- 
dy, Democrat of Massachu- 
setts, Judge Breyer’s home 
state, seemed determined to an- 
swer those critics who have la- 

respect has been under attack 
from toe consumer advocate 
Ralph Nader, who said Tues- 
day that he “has an instinct for 
the big guy over toe little guy.” 

Judge Breyer was Dominated 
by President Bill Clinton to re- 
place Harry A. Blackmun, who 
is retiring. Mr. Clinton cited 
Judge Breyer’s abilities as a 
consensus builder. As a witness. 
Judge Breyer displayed some of 
the qualities that earned him 
that reputation, affably agree- 
ing with the points being made 
by Questioning senators. 

Mr. Hatch asked him wheth- 
er he saw a legal difference be- 
tween graduation ceremony- 
prayers led by students and 
those led by school officials. 
Rather than trying to duck the 
question by saying it’s one like- 
ly to confront the Supreme 
Court, Judge Breyer answered 
that it sounded as if the prayer 
leader “would be a relevant 

In discussing his back- 
ground, Judge Breyer said, “My 
mother did not want me to 
spend too much time with my 
books. My ideas about people 
do not come from libraries.” 

personnel to guard Italians 
ter a series of bloody incidents 
c ulminating in a shoot-out near 
the Italian Embassy in Algiers. 

The I talian foreign minister, 
Antonio Martino, said in Paris 
that Italy and France had 
agreed to coordinate an evacua- 
tion of their nationals “if toe 
worst was to crane to toe worst” 
in what appears to be an inten- 
sifying campaign by Islamic 
fundamentalists to chas e away 
foreigners seen as supportive of 
toe military regime. 

The European concerns re- 
flected increasing apprehension 
since seven Italian sailors were 
found with toeir throats slit in 
an Algerian port last week and 
seven more foreigners — four 
Russians, a Romanian and two 
people from toe former Yugo- 
slavia — were killed in the Al- 
giers area Monday. 

Four more people — two po- 
licemen and two assailants — 
died in a gun battle only 20 
meters from toe entrance to the 
Italian Embassy, Italian offi- 
cials said 

“The situation in Algeria in 
toe past few days has witnessed 
a new and dramatic deteriora- 
tion with a series of attacks 
which knows no aid,” Italy's 
deputy foreign minister, Livio 
Caputo, told Parliament on 

“As far as protection of our 
embasty in Algiers and our con- 
sulate in Annaba is concerned. 

we have derided to dispatch 
more members of our armed 
forces,” he said. “We have also 
decided to reduce our personnel 
at the embassy.” 

Since 1992, when the Algeri- 
an government annulled an 
election that toe Islamic Salva- 
tion Front seemed set to win, 
more than 3,700 Algerians and 
about 50 foreigners have been 
killed in civil strife. 

Italy says 750 of its nationals 
live in Algeria, a close trading 
partner, with 100 of them work- 
ing in its oil- and gas-explora- 
tion sector. 

With few energy resources of 
its own, Italy is toe biggest im- 
porter of Algerian natural gas. 
Prime Minister Silvio Berlus- 
coni used last weekend’s G-7 
summit meeting in Naples to 
urge toe Algerian regime and its 
fundamentalist adversaries, to 
negotiate a settlement. 

At French insistence, though, 
a summit c ommuni que urging 
peace talks omitted any refer- 
ence to toe Islamic Salvation 
Front as a partner in negotia- 
tion. President Francois Mitter- 
rand of France had argued that 
the choice of an interlocutor 
was up to the Algerian govern- 

The latest upsurge in violence 
has apparently inspired more 
than diplomatic concern. 

After meeting his French 
counterpart, Alain Juppfe, in 
Paris on Tuesday, Foreign Min- 
ister Martino said, “if toe vio- 
lent episodes were to become 
frequent and toe security of our 

nationals was no longer guaran- 
ld have to think of 

teed, we would 
eventually evacuating our na- 
tionals.” ■ 

“1 agreed with Juppfc that 2f 
the worst was to come to the 
worst our efforts would be coor- 
dinated,” he said. ■* 


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Page 6 

WEDNESDAY, JULY 13, 1994 . 




Sribune. The Dear Successor Inherits a Doomed Dictatorship 


A Harsh Bosnia Plan 

It is no small diplomatic feat that 
America, Europe atm Russia are aboard 
the same Bosnia peace plan, and trying to 
impose it, for the first time. Certainly 
they aB share a desire to see the war put 
behind them, and their show of unity 
helps them reach for that end. But what 
kind of plan?. It is a plan for real ethnic 
partition within a paper Bosnian union. 

The prospective new map is all odd 
blobs and erratic lines ' enclosing the 
Muslims’ and Croats’ combined 49 per- 
cent (up from their current 28) and the 
Serbs’ 48 (down from their current 72), 
with a dab of 3 percent left over for an 
internationalized Sarajevo. 

Bosnia’s Muslims, who have suffered 
and lost the most in this war, would have 
come out much better if they had not 
repudiated their early acceptance of the 
European Union’s similar “canton” 
plan in March 1992. But that was then. 
Now they are under allied pressure to 
lake a map that gives them back some 
territory but leaves in Serbian hands a 
number of formerly Muslim cities and 
towns that the Serbs “ethnically 
cleansed." This harsh fact may dictate 
to the Muslim-led Bosnian government 
to reject this plan and continue righting, 
even as it pretends to the outside powers 
— in order to induce them to lift their 
arms embargo on Bosnia — that it ac- 
cepts their design. 

Serbia the country is desperate to es- 

cape from punishing international eco- 
nomic sanctions. It is desperate enough 
to be squeezing Bosnia’s Serbian minor- 
ity to take the allotted 48 percent — and 
to lake a noncontiguous 48 that it would 
be obliged not to fold into a “Greater 
Serbia.” But die Bosnian Serb leader- 
ship is a willful and craven bunch who 
may feel that the political cost of yield- 
ing even some part of the fruits of their 

mg even some part of the fruits of their 
bloody conquest would be loss of power. 
So the Bosnian Serbs have their own 
reasons to promise the allies compli- 
ance, but to cheat. 

In fact, the Bosnia peace plan Is 
threadbare. It does not at all touch the 
explosive issue of Serbia’s grab of a 
(Serbian-populated) chunk of Croatia. 
In Bosnia, it engages the allies in the 
dirty business of writing ethnic cleans- 
ing into a political settlement. Since nei- 
ther of the principal combatants is beat- 
en or disarmed, the settlement looks 
quite unstable. Thai in turn bodes ill for 
a peacekeeping role by the United 
States, which has said it will police only 
a stable and safe peace. 

Why lift economic sanctions pre- 
maturely on Serbia? Even if it delivers the 
Bosnian Serbs, it remains the thief per- 
mitted to keep a good part of the loot. 

Who is to tell the Muslims, error-prone as 
they are. that they cannot make their own 

they are, that they cannot make their own 
choice to struggle for their lost homes? 


Under the Naples Carpet 

Although the meeting of the world's 
seven largest industrial democracies in 
Naples last weekend was hardly a suc- 
cess, the immediate consequences of its 
shortcomings will be minor. The world 
economy, supposed to be the subject of 
the conference, is getting along rather 
well at the moment But the whole affair 
was a troubling demonstration that no- 
body at the top >5 currently paying much 
attention to the ways in which these 
seven powerful economies affect each 
other and sometimes make trouble for 
each other, too. 

The failure of Bill Clinton’s trade pro- 
posal was characteristic of the best and 
worst of his foreign policy. It was a good 
idea in principle, designed to prevent 
the backsliding into protectionism that 
usually follows the completion of a ma- 
jor international negotiation like the 

Uruguay Round last year. Unfortunate- 
ly, it was put forward hastily, at the last 
minute, apparently because the White 
House had not been paying much atten- 
tion to the preparations for the Naples 
meeting ana belatedly realized that it 
had little to put on the agenda. Efforts 
like this one succeed only with long and 
skillful preparation. 

The seven displayed another kind of 
ineptitude in their plan for the Ukraini- 
an reactors at Chernobyl. The Europe- 
ans are urgently anxious to get them 
shut down before another accident. For 
that purpose, the meeting offered the 

Ukrainians up to £200 million,, the qual- 
ifying phrase “up to” being a signal that 
the seven reached no agreement regard- 
ing the precise amount of the money or 
exactly where it is to come from. In any 
case, £200 million is a fraction of the 
amount required to dose those reactors 
and replace them with safe ones. 

As for the dollar and the yen, the 
seven were wise to say nothing. As long 
as the world's two biggest economies 
continue to run, respectively, the 
world's biggest trade deficit and its big- 
gest trade surplus, stable exchange rates 
are too much to expect 

But exchange rates are not a trivial 
subject- During the past century there 
have been two periods of rapid economic 
growth, both at times when the world 
economy revolved around one stable cur- 
rency. Before World War I it was the 
British pound; from World War K until 
the early 1970s it was the U.S. dollar. In 
the other years, when there was no domi- 
nant currency and no dominant govern- 
ment behind it to regulate the world's 
financial system, economies performed 
much less well even in the rich countries. 

Now no currency is dominant, and 

the rich countries have not yet learned 
to manage their economic affairs in con- 

to manage their economic affairs in con- 
sistent cooperation. One important vir- 
tue of these annual summit conferences 
is to force the seven to keep confronting 
that neglected responsibility. 


Salvage the Sea Convention 

Washington appears to have pulled the 
Law of the Sea Convention from the 
murky deep. Work on this global charter 
for the oceans began in the Nixon years 
and resulted in the most complex inter- 
national instrument ever negotiated: 320 
articles and nine annexes, most of them 
welcomed by the United States and other 
maritime nations. What sparked heated 
opposition was its creation of an Inter- 
national Seabed Enterprise to control 
mining on the ocean floor. 

“Socialism run amok” and “Third 
World giveaway,” charged the Reagan 
administration and its press supporters. 
But objections were practical as well, 
which is why no industrial country is a 
party to the convention. 

Even so, enough nations have ratified 
that the convention will provisionally 
come into force this November. Antici- 
pating that, major holdouts have been 
working for years with the United Na- 
tions to modify unacceptable provisions. 

Although these talks are still under 
way. Secretary of State Warren Christo- 
pher feels that agreed-upon changes are 
already broad enough to warrant a U.S. 
signature on the treaty later this month. 
The General Assembly is expected to 
formally endorse submission of the 
changes to UN members. It would aptly 
crown a great enterprise if the United 
States, having blown hot and cold, could 
finally ratify a treaty initiated by Lyndon 
Johnson and moved forward by Richard 
Nixon, Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter. 

The United States would benefit from 
the extension of coastal sovereignty from 
three to 12 miles, with full control of 
fishing and mining rights within a 200- 
mile zone. The Pentagon has welcomed 

the convention's guarantees of right of 
transit through straits used for interna- 
tional navigation. Another gain would be 
strong language against overfishing, with 
provisions for settling fishing disputes. 

American conservatives strongly dis- 
sent from the treaty’s declaration that 
seabed wealth beyond territorial limits is 
the world’s common heritage. It may be 
asked, if that wealth belongs to every- 

body, why anybody’s permission is need- 
ed to reap it The answer is that only an 

ed to reap it The answer is that only an 
international regime can grant exclusive 
Licensing rights that potential investors 

will prudently require. 

Opponents of the treaty have objected 
that it would endow sweeping powers to a 
bloated new bureaucracy, set prices, limit 
production, mandate technology trans- 
fers and divert revenues into so-called 
liberation movements, all without giving 
a commensurate voice to the Unitea 
States and other industrial states. 

Realistic new provisions would give 
bigger countries a deciding voice, guar- 
antee the United States aseat on the key 
finance committee, abolish annual user 
fees, prohibit mandatory technology 
transfers and cut onetime application 
fees for seabed exploration from SI mil- 
lion to S250.000. 

These are substantive concessions. The 
devil lies in the undersea details, which 
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee 
has a duty to scrutinize, especially unre- 
solved provisions on royalties. 

Demand may now be low for undersea 
minerals, but that could change quickly. 
All the more reason lo improve rather 
than scuttle a treaty that the United 
States did so much to launch. 


International Herald Tribune 




RICHARD McCLEAN. PuNh krr& Clutf Emviivt 
JOHN VlNOCUR,£»rtJdiiftitfW A VurPiradat 



• ROBERT J. DONAHUE-fti*^ »> •JONATHAN GAGE. art Fwnce Editor 

• RENE BONDY. Or/wi PuNultrr • JAMES McLEQD. AchtrCsn^DuMor 
•JUANITAI. CASPAR). Intenwtmcl fJnckjMtmrDinxiiir* ROBERT FARRfl Crnidtiaan Dirrctor. Ewvpr 

Uimiairdr Li PuHuatiun: Rit.-fuinl D. Sat wmu 
tJmrn 7ir Atfy m tlr In PiMh mm; Katharine P. Dam ' v 

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' I'm. fiKitmtonJ Hrndi! tffmftofrv/'rtl /W-fCW.V/52 



/CANBERRA — After the death of 
Vw' Kim fl-Sung, it seems almost cer- 

By Andrew Mack 

tain that his reclusive son, Kim Jong U, 
will continue the family dynasty. Is this 
good news or bad — or will it make very 
little difference? 

There is much scuttlebutt about Kim 
Jong J3, but little of it is hdpfuL Old 
stones about his sexual predilections, ca- 
pridousness, v ani ty and hypochondria. 

No deal will resolve the basic 
dilemma Kim Jong E faces. 

many of them the produce of an over- 
heated South Korean rumor mill, are 
being recirculated. They tell us little 
about a person that almost no one out- 
side Norm Korea has met. 

We do know that the so-called Dear 
Leader was groomed for the top leader- 
ship far more than 20 years. It has been 
widely reported that he was finked to the 
mate of terrorist outrages perpetrated by 
the regime in the 1980s and is now in 
charge of the the country’s clandestine 
program to build nuclear weapons. Para- 
doxically, he has also been associated wife 
tentative steps toward economic reform. 

While the outside world is worried 
about the nuclear issue, the critical prob-. 
lem for North Korea is the state of its 
economy. The guiding principle, of the 
country’s politics for some 40 years has 
been juche,or self-reliance — a principle 
so associated with the elder Kim that it ■ 
took on the status of papal infallibility. It 
would have been inconceivable for the 
Great Leader whawabmrdonedjoclte, 
even though by the 1990s it bad dearly 
become a rectoe for economic disaster. 

Kim Jot® fi may be less emotionally 
and politically committed to niche, and 
with the departure of his father he. win 
certainly be less constrained from at- 
tempting economic reform. The need fra: 
such reform is obvious. The North’s' 
economy, is in free-fall, after declines of : 
around 4 or 5 percent a year since the 
start of the decade. 

China, with its double-digit growth 
rates, offers the obvious model, althoug h - 
whether foreign companies would find 
North Korea a sinnlaity attractive invest- 
ment partner is far from dear. 

However, economic liberalization is a 
' two-edged sword for Kim Jong U It can 

end indu^rial. stagnation, but it can also- 
undemrine the power base of the regime. 

Chinese-styie economic reforms would 
involve a real' devolution of economic 

power firm the state. It is not necessary to 
be a Marxist to understand that economic 

and political power may be intimately 
related. Stoce Begtog is visibly less and 
less able .to control China’s economically 
booming south, it is not surprising that the 
idea of market reform should make 
Pyongyang’s planners nervous. * 

' Opening the ‘North to foreign trade, 
viators and investment — particularly 
South Korean investment — would mean 
breaking the hermetic seal that has sur- 
rounded the country fra 40 years and 
denied its citizens any real knowledge of 
die outside world. The rides fra a regime 
-that depends fox its survival on contin- 
ued control of all power and sources of 
information are evident - ■ 

decade.No gOTraomoitcansatvivc this 

'^essssiS i^, 



Kim Tang H may be ableto cut a 
freeze the aodear programa* wrrenttov- 

as, OL vriuvu — r — < . 

capacity to make one or two crude bombs 
if it has not already done so. It woul d cap ^ 

.. u frrr omnneme 

. ■ -« - 

the program in exchange for 
and otter concessions, especially from 
the United States and South Korea- 
But bo such will resolve the basic 
dflemma that Pyongyang feces. Khn Jong 
II may see the p^Wem n^deariy Jhan 
his father, hut he; too, will be unable to 

yang has been moving with extreme cau- 
tion ^ ^on the reform front, thus avoiding 
the instability risks of market opening. 
However, the types of reform that the 
regime envisages will be too few and too 
late to arrest the country’s, economic col- 
lapse. The economy is currently shrink- 
ing at a rate of about 50 percent pear 

deefio* the result wiU be the same: the 
ultimate demise of tte. dictatorship. 

The writer, professor of international 
relations at the Australian National Ura- 
versityin Canberra, is the author of * Asian 

Flashpoint: Security and the Korean Fen- 
insula.” He contributed tins comment to 
die International Herald Tribwie. 

The Threat From Space, and Things That Can Be Done About It 

P ALO ALTO, California — 
On Saturday, fragments of 

1 On Saturday, fragments of 
the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 wifi 
begin smashing into Jupiter at 
about 200,000 kilometers an 
hour. The largest piece is likely to 
strike with explosive energy ex- 
ceeding the potential of all the 
nudear weapons ever made. 

It may even be as forceful as the 
object that hit Earth at the end of 
the cretaceous period 65 million 
years ago arid apparently led to the 
extinction of most living species, 
including the dinosaurs. 

Shoemaker-Levy 9 will give sci- 
entists an unprecedented chance 
to advance knowledge about the 
kinds of cosmic crashes that 
threaten Earth. Regrettably, the 
UK. government has been less 
than enthusiastic about financing 
scientific observation of the event 

After Shoemaker-Levy 9 was 
discovered in March 1993, the 
National Science Foundation and 
NASA asked scientists for propos- 
als on observing and investigating 
it The organizations supported 
only a fraction of the ideas ouered, 
and no new government money 

By Von R. Eahleman 

was authorized. It all had to be 
diverted from other budgets. 

Jupiter will be under intense 
scrutiny next week, even though 
the collisions will occur on its iar 
side. The impact sites will rotate 
into view in less than an hour, so 
lasting effects can be studied by 
observatories on Earth and in or- 
bit. The crippled Galileo space- 
craft will have a direct view of the 
far side and the explosions. 

Additional resources could 
have been put to good use for new 
types of observational equipment 
and for monitoring a broader 
range of radio frequencies for in- 
dications of changes on Jupiter. 

Why should we be so interest- 

tteTTmguska River in Sberia with 
an explosion 2,000 times as power- 
ful as the atomic bomb that dev- 
astated Hiroshima. Statistically 
speakin& another cofliaco with an 
object that large is likely during 
the next several hundred years. - 

Of oourse, a collision with a 
much larger body — like the larg- 
est fragment ofShoemaker-Levy 
— is extremely unlikely in that 
time frame. Stifl, a cosmic viator 

ed? Chi a typical day, our planet 
collides with more than 100 tons 

collides with more than 100 tons 
of space debris in pieces $0 small 
that they pose little threat to 
Barth’s surface. Bui much larger 
collisions also occur. 

On June 30, 1908, an object — 
probably a comet fragment — the 
size or a 15-story building 
slammed into the atmosphere over 

time frame. Stifl, a cosmic viator 
is like the lottery: Earth could be 
a target any time. And an event 
similar to that of .the cretaceous 
period could mean the - end of 
civilization and perhaps the ex- 
tinction of our species. 

Fortunately, a planetary de- 
fense against all senous collisions 

may be feasible. 

Some initial steps were taken 
by astronomers and other scien- 
tists who published the Space- 
guard Survey for NASA in 1992. 
The report recommended an ob- 
servation program with a relative- 

IS mfilion that would catalogue 

and trade asterrads that cross and 

crane dose to Earth’s orbit. 

_ There are thousands of aster- 
oMs with winch vre cotdd conedv- 
ably collide, and we know the 
orbits of only a small fraction of 
than. But because paths are rela- 
tively fixed, once an asteroid is 
identified Its potential for collid- 
ing with Earth can be calculated. 

A much more difficult problem 
lories in the outer fringes , of the 
solar system, where trillions of 
comets dwdi undetected. 

As many as 10 new comets ran- 
domly enter the inner solar, sys- 
tem each year and are discovered 
as they are heatod - by tte sun,. 
which gives them their character- 
istic tafls. Because of their high 
speed and unpredictable paths, 
the time available to detect a cfjL-.. 
liskxi-course comet would be 
much less than for an asteroid. 

How can .we defend ourselves 
against these . lethal cosmic Ob- 
jects? The required efforts v&ry 
from the . straidrtf oijrard — a 
greatly expanded comet and aster- 
oid watch — to the formidable: 

devdopinga new < *star wars” type 

Palestinians andlsraeUs, Side by Side Into Future 

— The streets are as unkempt 
Vj as ever and Arabic graffiti still cover 

VJ as ever and Arabic graffiti still cover 
virtually every wall, bat Gaza is a trans- 
formed dty. The glaze of suppressed 
emotions that gave it its surliness has 

By Abraham Babimmcb 

For the average Israeli listening to them 
(press hopes for coexistence, the subfinri- 

dissipated with the Israeli pullout two 
months ago. The arrival of Yasser Arafat 
as leader in residence has stabilized a 
surreal situation created by the overnight 
end to 27 years of occupation. 

“This place is going to be another Paris” 
is a phrase one hears repeatedly, as if 
some irresistible peddler of dreams had 
passed through the alleys of Gaza, alleys 
coated with drifting sand and neglect. 

It is a time for dreaming, an interval of 
calm and mind-drift between a stormy 
day just ended and a new one whose 
nature is not yet apparent. A moment 
when everything is still possible. Mind- 
sets of a lifetime have teen set aside, 
albeit within easy retrieval if needed. 

Among Palestinians reveling in a hith- 
erto unknown “normality" — masters, 
almost, of thear own fate — the sense of 

pride is palpable. There is an ease about 
them that makes Israeli reporters who 
venture into the Gaza Strip, with aimed 
Palestinians on every band, fed safer 
than they did when Israeli soldiers pa- 
trolled the sullen streets. 

The Isradi-Palestiman divorce, even 
though it is not yet finalized, is freeing 
both sides from the psychological imper- 
ative that obliged than to regard each 
other as mortal enemies. 

Israeli television and, to a lesser extent, 
print media have played a major role in 
the past year in de-denxmizing the Pales- 
tinians, including those who were the 
backbone of the intifada. The public has 
been introduced to these figures emoging 
from detention ca m ps , exile or hifHng and 
seen them to be articulate, distinctive, 
generally sympathetic personalities. Most 
speak good Hebrew, learned either while 
working in Israd rain Israeli prisons. 

bem& not.tbat much different from hhn- 
sdL This does not make him less ajpotfa*- 
tial enemy if interests dash, bat it does 
render him, far the first time in the eyes of 
many Isradis, a potential neighbor. 

Even Yasser Arafat has emerged into, 
the Israeli consciousness with a human 
aspect — an eccentric and not uninterest- 
ing personality, shrewd enough to ham 
survived against all odds, plainly the only 
Palestinian leader at this stage with whom 
Israd can hope to make a sustainable dcaL 

The Israeli right wing , staged a . mass 
rally in Jerusalem earlier this month 
around die slogan “Stop Arafat the arch 
murderer " The rally drew some 100,000 
peojrift, but almost all were from the 

to stir the bulk of right-wing voters, let 
alone the left. 

Isradis arid Palestinians are at a sub- 
tle; shifting interface. The majority of 

'Palestinians, is whose name: the PLO 
speaks, prof ess a readiness to waive their 
daims to the whole of die land and to 
settJodown in peacealbngside the Jewish 
state. There are few Isradis, even in the 
ultra-liberal wing,, who do not believe 
that in the back of their minds the Pales- 
tinians still hope that one day, perhaps 
generations hence, the Arabs vnB succeed 
m ridding tire Middle East of this “for- 
eign intrusion, as Israd is labeled. 

..The PalestiBians,.for their .part, are 
conscious of Israel's power and aware 
that it w3I use it massively if it feds 
itself threatened. 

Tims, while both sides are relaxed 
enough to contemplate coexistence; they 
are aware that tribal interests may one 
day transform the other side; Bosnia- 
styic, back into a mortal enemy. Into this 
ambiguity, with tire maturity bequeathed 
.by firing with dilemmas that have no 
solutions, Palestinians arid Isradis march 
side by side toward what awaits than. 

International Herald Tribune. 

The Welfare State Will Stay, but It Will Have to Be Streamlined 

W ASHINGTON — The ma- 
jor industrial countries 
have embarked on a modal re- 

By Robert J. Samuelson 

covery. After two years of slump, 
Europe's economy seems to oe 
growing at a 2J to 3 percent an- 
nual rate. Japan draws faint signs 
of recovery, and the UB. expan- 
sion continues. The bad news is 
that a normal recovery will not 
erne the deeper problems of these 
rich democracies. All face a colli- 
sion between welfare politics and 
growth economics. 

Almost no one wants unfet- 
tered free markets; bat rigid mar- 
kets suffocate economic growth. 

Politics specializes in djstribut- 
ing benefits and protecting peo- 
ple against har dshi p- By contrast, 
strong economic growth requires 
that people take risks and adapt 
to change. New companies re- 
place old; new industries and 
technologies alter spending pat- 
terns. The democratic dUemma is 
that voters everywhere expect 
their governments to deliver both 
prosperity and security. This is a 
hard, often impossible feat 

Europe has coped least wdL 
Joblessness is now approaching 12 
percent. France's unemployment 
rate is 12-7 perc e nt, Spain’s 23.9 
percent, Britain's 93 percent. 
Governments have tried to guar- 
antee high incomes and social sta- 
bility, but the resulting heavy tax- 
es and cumbersome regulations 
deter hiring and new business. 
Generous welfare benefits encour- 
age people to stay unemployed. 


In France; the combination of 
a high twininwim wage and Steep 
payroll taxes makes it nearly 
twee as costly for companies to 
hire low-skilled workers as in the 
United States. 

In Italy, companies can hire 
only from state employment agen- 

da (private agenda are banned) 
and must hire 15 percent of work- 
ers from a list of “chsabled” and 
another 12 percent from a list of 

Payroll taxes — to finance un- 
employment, health, disability and 
pension programs' - 'are as high as 
30 to 50 perc e nt of wages. (The 
comparable U.S. rate is 19 J per- 
cent.) There are also big mandated 
labor costa. France requires seven 
weeks erf paid tone off (five weeks’ 
vacation, plus 10 paid holidays); in 
Germany and Belgium, required 
time off is about six weeks. 

By U.S. standards; unemploy- 
ment benefits are high and lot 
much longer. In scene countries 
(the Netherlands, Spain, Den- 
mark), workers receive about 70 
percent of lost wagre in many 
others (France, Belgium, Nor- 
way), the replacement rate is 
about 60 percent In the United 
States it is about 25 percent- 

In the Netherlands, disability 
laws are so generous and lax that 
a seventh of the labor force re- 
ceives disability paymens, al- 
though the Dutch are no less 
healthy Bum anyone else: 

Social justice is not advanced 
by foolish economics. If you 
make it too expensive to hire peo- 
ple, companies won't If yoa pay 
people not to weak, they won’t* 
The damage is not done by -any 
single policy but by the coflective 
impact of many costly polici e s. In 
Europe there has teen little net 
private job creation in two de- 
cades. As recently as 1974, the 

made Japanese cars, machinery 
and consumer electronics more 
expensive. In 1994, Japanese ex- 
ports wifi now by only i per- 
cent, the OECD estimates: 

Japan earns more dollars 
abroad than it spends. The im- 
balance in foreign exchange 
markets, as exporters change 
dollars for yen, raises the yen’s 
value. This will continue until 
Japan increases its imports by 
stronger domestic spending ana 
more open markets. 

There’s the nib; - spending is 
hobbled. A cumbersome distribu- 
tion system raises consumer 
prices. Inefficiait farmers pro- 
duce expensive foods and oppose 

a vicious circle of stowing growth 
and rising political conflict. 

As growth falters, tire cost of 
creases tax rates or budget deficits, 
winch further impedes growth. 
Governments are tbeo tom be- 
tween breaking past prosnisra (by 
withdrawing benefits) and suffo- 
cating their economies (by main- 
taming existing pefiries). 

Europe is already caught in this 
trap. Gove rn ments are striving to 
retrace budget deficits and sgur- 
economic- growth fry: tmwmrag 
Some welfare benefits. Bid the 
cutbacks are small and unpopu- 
lar, precisely because people are - 
so used to bring protected. 

Sweden recently lengthened 

tine waiting period for “side” 
benefits by a day; Absenteeism 
dropped sharply. A lot of previ- 
ooxjy “sick” people found that: 


*», . 

‘l.J ^ 

of technology to deflect collision- 
bound asteroids and comets. 

In principle, booster rockets 
could cany and detenaxe atomic 
explosives to divot or break up a 
threatening body. 

For the first tune in the history 

of the human race, we can cou- 
cejvahiy mount a planetary de- 
fense; The United States need not 
foot the entire b£Q for this cosmic 
alarm system. All of Earth’s in- 
habitants have a stake in a plane- 
tary defense. 

America should initiate an tor 
tematiogal cooperative program 
for the ultimate defense of our 
pbnes ami persuade the United 
Nations to oversee the effort, just 
as it has coordinated the Earth 
Summit of 1992 and other at- 
tempts to avert environmental 
tragedy. Earth's defense should 
be undertaken now with a realiza- 
tion that the endeavor wifi have 
no ted unless it fails:. 

The writer, professor emeritus of 
electrical engineering at Stanford 
University, contributed tins, com- 
ment to The New York junes. 

they were wdf enough to work, 
what leaders should do is use 

the economic recovery to elimi- 
nate the least justifiable govern- 
ment mending and regulations. 
These changes are hard now, but 

they wifi be muofa harder later. 

. No one is going to dismantle 
the modem welfare state. It has 
become too much a part of the 
social fabric of too many nations. 
But someone has to save the wel- 
fare state from itself. If its ex- 
cesses are not curbed, it wifi be- 
come its own worst enemy. 

The Washington Fast 

: bi\ 

ana restrict imports. Archaiczxm- 
ing laws raise land values, and 
impede housing constractiotl. 

AD these practices dampen do- 
mestic spending, but aU enhance 
the well-being of strong vested 
interests (fanners, small store- 
keepers). Japan’s brand oE wel- 
fare politics, has been to protect 
these privileges. The effect is to 


uuaiuauynKUL ia« 

In japan the probkan is diffa’*- 
ent Export-led growth is no long- 
er workable, because Japans 
massive trade surpluses have 
pushed up the yen’s value and 

In the United States, the Clin- 
ton administration acts as if it can 
enact a new tax here and a new 
program there without having 
any effect on theeconrany^Jt pro- 
poses a massive iLew payroll tax in 
the fonn of mandated employer- 
paid health insurance. 

■ The spirit in Congress is simi- 
lar. There is little recognition 
that, as to Europe and Japan, the 
rising burdens at government may 
accumulate ova time and stowiy 

1894: AiWerfalQnake . 

quake shocks continued tofre fell 
here to tte niriit. Details of the 
havoc cansed.Tuesday lasrjJuly 
101 stew that the disturbmKeex- 
tended over a wide area- The 
shock was fisk to the mterior of 
Antoofia’ftor.a distance of 236 

• m ■ v :‘ -Jl*- -TV '• 

granted satisfaction before this 
time next week they will make a 

peaceful demonstration at the- 
City Hall and in the courtyard of 
the Prefecture of Police. Should 
tins ■prove ineffectual, they will 
definitely. go on strike July 22. 

ly .afl- tte-rtUvrary stations, have 
been damaged, and the town of 
Jafova, oh the Gulf of Isn&dL has 
been jdmorttotaBy destroyed. 

1919: 'Nice Aftimalnm ; 

PABJS i The' strike fever has 
spread Paris potice- 

ENTRANCE —(From our New 
York edition;] Something new 
was added 'to warfare during the 
last few days. Ingenious young' 
members of an American * an F 
outfit broadcast two fifteen- ' 
minute programs to the Germans . 

what mrites the leaders of the 
major industrial democracies is a 
reluctance to face these problems. 
But the danger in avoiding them is 

men, six thousand of whom as- 
sembfed ^yesterday ffidy I2J -and 
passed .resolutions demanding 
hMierp^aad ammiber of other 
advantages. Tho policemen de- 
cided to send an ultimatum to the 
aithoritiies; stating that unless 

with amplifiers right to front 
nfi the oumy lines. They had men 
who could speak German, Polish ; 
and Russian, and they bad j. 

got so hot under the collar that 

they gave away the position of 
roar of their guns, which were 
promptly silenced. 

Page 7 




ARLINGTON, Vugmia _ 
l . n ’■> looking for someone to 

““ U.S. military opexatioos 

m the Pacific, one could hardly 

V? *»ve found an officer more 
qualified than Admiral Stanley 
• ; -J Arthur, who until recently was 
■’t " • the nominee for the job. 

In seeking an example of 
*•* how far 1 Pentagon leadership 
’■ - 1 . 11 has fallen and bow die «y»p of 
i . sexual harassment hasdescend- 

ed into ugjy McCarthyism, one 

r. ; could hardly find a mote teflmg 

case thanAdmiral Arthm's dis- 

>• patch to early retirement. 

He is a hero of two wars — a 
n. pilot who earned an extraonfr 



A highly qualified hero 
of two wars has been 
dispatched mgforioudy 
to early retirement. 

nary 1L Distinguished plying 
Crosses while flying more than 
500 combat missi ons in Viet- 
nam, then commanded the al- 
lied naval annada in the Gulf. 

His Pentagon experience is 
exemplary, including high-level 
budget planning, nearly three 
years as chief of the navy’s lo- 
gistics system and two years as - 
vice chief of naval operations. 

After Admiral Arthur- "was 
nominated for the Pacific con* 
mand, Senator David Dureff? 
berger of Minnesota -indicated . 
that he would raise questions 
about the treatment of a constit- 
uent, a female officer who 
claimed that the navy treated 
her unfairly when she failed 
flight tr aining , after accusing an 
instructor of sexual harassmeaL 

Admir al Arthur's only role in 
the case was that of final review- 
ing officer. He approved find- 
ings that although the woman. 
Lieutenant JumorGrade Rebec- 
ca Hansen, bad been harassed 
— the navy had already distir 
plined an instructor — die failed 
to qualify as a pilot became of a 
poor flight record. The inspec- 
tors general of the navy and the 
Defense Department agreed - 
with this finding. Navy Secret 
tary John Dalton a ppr oved a 
recommendation that the -navy 
prepare to discharge her. - . 

Key senators told the Penta- 
gon that Admiral Arthur would 
be approved for his new com- 
mand but that because of Mr. 
Durenberger’s “hold" his con- 
signation might bedebtyed." 

Y Then on Jime24 tbe navy said 
jus a statement thaf Admiral Ar- 
thur “agrees with Chief of Naval 
Operations Admiral Mik'd 
Boorda” that his nomination, 
should be withdrawn because an 
“anticipated delay in S enate 
confirmation” would not permit 
“a prompt refief'-for Admiral 
Chari es Larson, the current 
commander in the Pacific. 

Admiral Arthur is to be re- 
tired as soon as his job is filled. 

By James Webb 

- The navy’s explanation was 
disingenuous at best 
Admiral . Larson's new as- 
signment is not time-sensitive; 
in fact, it awaits Senate action. 

It has been widely reported 
that Admiral Boorda is Jess con- 
cerned abort a delay in Admiral 
Arthur's- confirmation than 
ahnm't wvwwmg ensnar ed in m- 
other sexual harassment scan- 
dal. ~Eve& Mr. Durenberger’s 
key staff assistant said that he 
was “flabbergasted” bythe deci- 
sion to radAdnnrd Arthurs 37- 
year cared: in such a mariner.- 
More important, tins episode 
raises serious questions about 
Admiral Boorda’s fitness to be 
chief of. naval operations and 

demonstrates the Cimton ad- 
mmistratiem’s Jack of regard for 
military leaders. 

Admiral Boorda has gained a 
reputation ! or political expedi- 
ency. In 1992, when he was 
chief of personnel, he summari- 
ly relieved one of the navy’s 
brightest young admirals, Jade 
Snyder, after the wwrial revela- 
tions about the TaHhook scan- 
daL Admiral : -Snydcr, who had 
gonebeyobd what was required 
in his dfforts to assist toe key 
female witness and -urge an in- 
vestigation, was not even al- 
lowed to defend his actions. 

This abandonment of a de- 
serving officer in the face of a 
political attack did not hurt Ad- 
miral Boorda’s chances for ad- 
vancement, : which may well 
have encouraged his shoddy 
treatment of Admiral Arthur. 

Admiral Boorda disregarded 
Secretary Dalton’s recommen- 
dation to discharge Lieutenant 
Hansen and went to Great 

T jilffts, Illinois, to meet with 
~ her. Slw presorted him with 10 
demands, including that ; the 
navy rewrite her fitness reports 
using - words erf her- choosing. 
Also that they said her to law - 
school at the nkvy*s eroense 
and then assign her to work as a 
lawyer handling women’s is- 
yma, imd hflve tlie navy -sccro- 

**/LxortUiig to The New Yodc 
Times, Admiral Boorda' re- 
sponded, fry -offering -her a job 
on his personal staff. She did 
not accept it • . ..V. ;j-. 

. Under any standard bf lead- 
ership, Admiral Boorda’s con- 
duct is seriously deficient on 
several grounds: disloyalty to 
deserving subordinates, faulty 
judgment, .usurping the author- 
ltyo ftoe 

event Once te^n^mation 
went ' fotwaref Admiral Arthur 

wasthepre&deni’ 5 candidate; it 

’ was not within Admiral Boor- 
da's jurisdiction to withdraw. 
Yet after the withdrawal we 
heard no word from either die 
secretary of die navy or the 
pre sident, and Defense Secre- 
tary WflKam Perry said he had 
deqded not to intervene. 

- On July 1, tiie administration 
announced -that Vice Admiral 
Richard Macke, a capable but 
£ar lc^ espeoeoced officer who 
had'been slated to' replace Ad- 
miral Arihnr/wotdd be nomi- 
nated to the Pacific command. 

nms a three-star officer is to 
-be placed iin the navy’s most 
prestigious four-star Wet, part- 
ly ty-raiWR fris paperwork W8S 
already m the Write House. The 
casual way in which the admin- 
istration haS^ dealt with com- 
mand rajlaament f or a theater 
where war could; be imminent 
indicates either naivete or ano* 

gance: And it is a grim omen for 

the future iaf tire UJS. nriHtaiy 
whm comp etent warriors are 
soit home by political admirals. 

The writer was asdstant secre- 
tary of defense, and secretary of 
die navy in the Reagan adminis- 
tration. He contributed this com- 
ment to The New York Tones. 

We Could Live Without 
This Emotional Nudism 

By Ellen Goodman 


Japan and Worid Trade 

Regarding “ The World Trade 
Organization Is Unlikely to 
Work " (Opinion, June 27) by 
Karel van Wotfererv 

According to Mr. van Wol- 
fererytho primary issue that has 
undermined the global trade re- 
gime is “the incompatibility of 
institutions that characterize 
the economies of main pardo- 
ns,” and the World Trade 
cation will not be able 
to cope with this. 

I disagree that the .difference . 
in the behavior of economte in- 
stitutions .is as problematic as 
Mr. van Wolferen indicates. 
Nor do. 1 share his skepticism 
that the WTO will be ineffective 
m coping with such “incom- 

In arguing that the Japanese 
economic system is incompati- 
ble, with other economies, Mr. 
van Wolferen says that Japa- 
nese companies are “encour- 
aged” to export regardless of 
profit, but does not say who is 
encouraging than to engage in' 
such irrational behavior, nor 
what the incentives are. He as- 
serts that Japanese companies' 

* transactions are “ultimately di- 
rected by the attainment of 
shared, long-range expansion- 
ary goals,” without mentioning 
wfaat.those goals are .The only 
evidence he presents in iris arti- 
<de Is Japanese companies’ con- 
tinued massive exports at a time 
.of the yea’s sharp apprecia ti o n . 

He seems to suggest that the 
more Japanese companies ex- 
port, the more money they lose. 
That is not true. Corporate 
warnings may have declined due sluggish growth of domestic 
demand in Japan, but the asser- 
tion that “the prices they realize 
.do not cover fixed costs, much 

less return a profit” is untrue. 

In my view, Japanese compa- 
nies’ export efforts are precisely 
the amw as all businesses seek- 
ing a profit. In response to the 
yen’s appreciation, they are try- 
ing their best to reduce the cost 
of production by, among other 
thing s, relocating their produc- 
tion bases to Southeast Aria. If 
the public and private sectors 
are ux collusion for protection- 
ist purposes, as Mr. van Wol- 
feren seems to assert, why does 
the Japanese government let 
this “hollowing out” of Japa- 
nese industry occur? 

Japan is undergoing tremen- 
dous social and' political 
change. Problems identified by 
Mr. van Wolferen, such as the 
loose administration of anti- 
trust law, are now passfe. Japa- 
nese consumers are much more 
prioe-consdous than they used 
to be, and discount shops (hat 
try to breakaway from keiretsu 
ties are full of customers. 

Regarding the World Trade 
Organization’s, ability to deal 
with institutional issues, if a 
country is violating WTO rules 
by, for instance, subsidizing its 
exports, other WTO members 
can seek remedy through toe 
enhanced dispute-settlement 
mechanism. Mr. -van Wolferen 
qwiui to believe that this mech- 
anism is effective only when 
thou is a dear violation of 
rules, but That is not the care 

Mr. van Wolferen should not 
worry about a problem that 
does not exist The current form 
of the World Trade Organiza- 
tion should not be scrapped. 


. The writer a deputy director of 
the Thole Polity Planning Office 
in Japan's Ministry of Interna- 
tional Trade and Industry. 

Recondder Switzerland 

Over the years Switzerland 
has declined to join the United 
Nations and toe European 
Community. Not long ago, the 
Swiss voted against making 
even a few hundred troops 
available for UN peacekeeping 
missions. While refusing to un- 
dertake these baric obligations 
of membership in the world 
community, the Swiss are quite 
happy to benefit financially 
from the many international or- 
ganizations choosing to locate 
within their borders. Shouldn’t 
the host country’s attitude 
count when the rite of an im- 
portant international organiza- 
tion — such as the World Trade 
Org aniza tion — is determined? 


Bethesda, Maryland. 

Clarifying a Dispatch 

It has come to my attention' 
that the International Herald 
Tribune published a story (“Ra- 
bin Answers One of Arafat's 
Prayers,” June 25) which stated 
that The Jerusalem Post, of 
which I am president and pub- 
lisher, printed an article titled 
“Killing Yasser” on June 24. 

Our newspaper later pub- 
lished a clarification, to wit: 

' “In Jerusalem,” a weekly dis- 
tributed by The Jerusalem Post 

in the Jerusalem area, is an ad- 
vertising supplement that oper- 
ates independently and is dis- 
tributed free of charge. But its 
linkage in the publics percep- 
tion with The Jerusalem Post 
obliges us to publicly dissociate 
The Post from a column in the 
weekly which was titled “Kill- 
ing Yasser.” Although intended 
as a satire, the article was in 
extremely bad taste. Our apolo- 
gies to readers who were of- 
fended, as we were. 



Dining With a Dictator 

Heckled. China's 
- Shuns Germans'* (July 9): 

To see a dictator like Prime 
Minister Li Peng squirm when 
faced with a free populace, as 
represented by the anti-Beijing 
protesters in Germany, is deli- 
cious. But I would dearly love 
to know: When one is at an 
official dinn er for a politician 
who has ordered the deaths of 
hundreds erf his fellow citizens, 
what does one discuss? The 
Tiananmen massacre might be 
a sensitive subject Perhaps 
small talk about the weather or 
the merits <rf the soup? Is there 
some arbiter of good taste who 
can give us guidance? 



B oston — it’s not that 1 
held Prince Charles on a 
pedestal, let alone a throne. 
Polo is not my sport and the 
Windsors are not my kind of 
folks. The “royals” always re- 
mind me of character actors at 
a Great Britain theme park. 

But who would have guessed 
that the crown prince would 


abdicate his country’s last lin- 
gering claim to the stiff upper 
lip? Now, in a documentary re- 
cently aired, he confesses royal 

A broadcast journalist asks 
the Prince of Wales if be tried 
to be “frithful and honorable” 
when he was married. Charles 
answers, “Yes.” The journalist 
'then asks the prince if he was. 
“Yes,” says the prince who then 
panws and adds, “Until it [the 
marriage] became irretrievably 
broken down." 

Cfraries leaves behind 
the old world in which royalty 
and subjects used words like 
“faithful and honorable” and 
enters the new world in which 
guests »nrt audienc es use words 
Rice “open and sharing” So 
much for British reserve. 

Apparently, nobody told the 
prince that he could simply and 
politely decline the public con - 
fessionaL Now, instead of giv- 
ing up the throne, he appears to 
be givin g up his citizenship. He 
is h nenming Americanized. 

We Americans have suffered 
through two decades of escalat- 
ing confessions cm the part of 
dozens and leaders alike. If 
ours was ever a repressed coun- 
try, it long ago turned into an 
Cfn prirmal nudist camp. 

True Confessions abound. 
Talk shows reign on radio and 
television. Strangers chat inti- 
mately on the Internet. People 
are sp illing toe beans all over 
the neighborhood. 

Now Prince Charles is drop- 
ping his British discretion as if 
it were a tainted set of genes, 
while in America some of us are 
finally questioning why every- 
one here has become so garru- 
lous. At last, we want to know: 
Can’t anybody shut up? 

It is a curious turn of events 
for Americans. We bave a 
strong right of privacy and an 
eroding respect for it_We are 
ferocious in defending our 

space from government inva- 
sion. But we routinely expose it 
to the dements in toe name erf 
openness and sdf -expression. 

We expect that husbands and 
wives, parents and children, 
governments and citizens will 
keep nothing from each other. 
We are supposed to treat all 
relationships as if they are trust- 
ing and therapeutic Anyone 
daiming privacy is seen as a 
suspect with something to hide. 

The end result is a president 
who tells us what kind of un- 
derwear he wears. An adminis- 
tration that pours out details to 
the nearest journalist. Es- 
tranged husbands and wives 
who dine out on stories about 
their ex’s. It is a parade of peo- 
ple confessing and expecting 
unders tanding from an audi- 
ence of one or a million. 

It all reminds me of a won- 
derful moment in a Philip 
Roth novel. One of the charac- 
ters is so thrilled with his love 
affair that he wants to shpe 
the happy news withcais wife. 
His brother says drily, “She 
could live without it.” 

So could America. And so 
could Britain. 

In toe immediate afterglow 
of Prince Charles's confession, 
the majority of the viewers in a 
British television poll rallied 
around their next king. Few 
were surprised. The invasion of 
toe prince and princess’s priva- 
*cy was a cottage industry be- 
fore they began to turn it into a 
do-it-yourself operation. 

But in the end, there is a 
public need for some privacy 
and its corollary, dignity. 

A final tip from the colonies. 
When Jacqueline Kennedy 
Gnassis died, virtually every 
commentator noted, in an awed 
voice, her unique characteristic 
In an age of compulsive confes- 
sors, toe kept ha peace and 
cultivated a zone of privacy 
around a most public life. Mrs. 
Onassis neither confirmed nor 
denied nor explained. 

For this, she was considered 
an American royaL 
Boston Globe. 

Letters intended for publication 
shadd be addressed “Letters to the 
Editor" and contain the writer's 
signature, name and full address. 
Letters should be brief and toe 
subject to editing We cannot be 
responsible for the return of unso- 
licited manuscripts. 



Hie Plot to Bring Down the 
British Empire 

By Peter Hopkirk. 431 pages. 
$2 5: Kodansha. 

Reviewed by Luree Miller 

F ANS of espionage fiction 
take note: Here is mstoiy 
that reads like a thriller. “Like 
Hidden Fire” relates the aston- 
ishing true story that was the 
inspiration few John Buchan s 
1916 novel “Greemnantie. 

With consummate stall, reter 
Hopkirk hews a strong of 11 ®: 
tiv? line through toe tangle of 
cansits that emanated from toe 
vforld War I plot by tto Ger- 
mans and Tinkle maga^ 
Islamic jihad (or briyjg 
against toe Russian and British 

infidels. _ . . - >nrn> 

Hopkirk knows tins territory 
from London to Kabul to Dd- 
hi, from Berlin to Ba €hJ*lto 
Baku. And espionage is his spe- 

cialty. tike iin good historians, 
he is so imaginative detective. 
Mining newly opened .archives 
and memoirs, he follows every 
lead to rutnginng connections. 

A group of’ German. agents, • 
making their way frpm.Berfiri to 
Constantinople, posed, as a 
traveling arcus, .hiding, their 
wireless aerials in thei r tent 
pales. More common Goman 
covers for mapping and intelli- 
gence gathering in.: Persia and 
Arabia were archaeol ogy and 
anthropology, professions bet- 
ter suited to the terrain and 
more up-to-date than toe -fa- 
vored British cloak of botany. 

But, in toe great tradition, the 
best of toe Bntito secret agpms 
opted to disappear under deep 
disguises as local - tribesmen. 
Fluency in arcane dialects as 
weD as mastery of ttibal cus- 
toms were essential for survival. 
Severai of these agents were 
models for Buchan’s heroes... 

The dimax of “Gree n man - 
de” is toe battle - for Eizeram, 

the ancient, impregnable gam- 
son that guarded the overland 
approach to Constantinople, 
seat of toe Ottoman Empire. 
Hopkirids account is as vivid as 
toe novel's. 

Despite all the evidence that 
Hopkirk has been able to un- 
cover, a mystery remains as to 
why this hitherto invincible for- 
tress ieH to toe Russians. Per- 
haps, he concludes, Buchan s 
fictional rendering of a stolen 
staff map and Arab treachoy 
against the sultan may be as 
dose to the truth as anything. 

Equally mysterious is toe fig- 
ure erf Captain. Edward Noel of 
the Britisn intelligence, whom 
Hopkirk suspects was the modr 
d for Buchan's elusive hero, 
Sandy ArbuihnoL Nod, who 
was. fluent in Persian, Arabic 
and Russian, engaged in snug- 
gling large quantities of rubles 
from Tehran in 1918 to die 
chief of the British mffitaiy mis- 
■ sion in TifKs (now Tbilisi), 
Georgia. The rubles were used 

to _ _ _ 

theT Bolsheviks in Baku. Nod 
was cajptured by Persian tribes- 
men, made a hair-raising es- 
cape, then was recaptured and 
uot heard from again. But, 
Hopkirk has discovered, he ac- 
tually lived to a ripe old age. 

Reginald Teague- Jones, an- 
other long-lived agent in this 
saga, disappeared in 1922. Hop- 
kiric’s search revealed him in a 
second life as Major Ronald 
Sinclair, active in British intelli- 
gence, who toed in 1 988 at 99. 

“Like ffidden Fire” is a rivet- 
ing sequel to Hopkirk’ si splen- 
did earlier account, “The Great 
Game.” Together, toe two 
books illuminate ■ the passions 
and the prizes implicated in to- 
day’s turbulent events' in the 
Middle. East and Central Asia. 

Juree Miller,. -an altthor and 
travel writer who has recently vis- 
ited Central Asia, wrtfle this for 
The Washington Post, 


The New Yolk' 

3 TH?a&>K OF virtues. 



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linaiA 3rfbuae 

lm a»on Succeeds in Initial Steps; 
Allies Push Inland From Beaches; 

Looks Small in Channel Crowing 

• - - 

Invaders Slake >iodcst Advance* 
Repel All Mari Omnler-Allacksi 
Planes Hammer Foes Airfields 


5-11 JUNE 
19 4 4 

To commemorate these 
dramatic days, we have 
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Invasion On^AllicsLand in Iranre 
As Plane* and Ships Blast Coast; 
Monj^omcn' Leads the Advance 


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Page 8 


HAITI: Latest Act ‘Validates? Plan 

Continued from Page 1 

senior official traveling with 
Mr. Clinton as “preparing for 
any contingency/ 

At least 2,000 VS. Marines 
have been sent to the helicopter 
carrier Inchon and three other 
navy ships off Haiti, ostensibly 
in case Americans living on the 
island need protection. 

Tensions escalated on Mon- 
day when Haiti's military- 
backed government ordered all 
100 members of a joint United 


Guns and Sand 

Continued from Page 1 
growing movement to restrict 

Some towns want to dose 
beach parking lots at sunset 
T ngnTTia Beach is the only town 
in Orange County that hasn't 
set a beach curfew, deciding to 
step up police patrols i nstead . 
Most of the curfews have been 
put into place by local govern- 
ments, without approval from 
the California Coastal Commis- 
sion, which guards the right of 
public access to the beach. 

For the first time in its 22-year 
history, however, the commis- 
sion approved two curfews this 
spring — for a one-tenth of a 
mite stretch of beach in Corona- 
do, near San Diego, and for sev- 
eral miles in Long Beach. Safety 
rnnrefflg led to the actions. 

Peter Douglas, executive di- 
rector of the commission, said 
he worries about the pressure 
for more curfews. Although 
there has been an increase in 
fi gh ts and gang activity at the 
beach, he said, some of the re- 
ports have been exaggerated. 

Recently, Kevin Sutherland, 
a machine shop foreman from 
Huntington Beach, was warm- 
ing op for his regular game of 
beach vdQeybalL He is 33. The 
game he has been playing here 
for 13 years is about the only 
thing that hasn’t changed. 

“If s a lot more crowded," he 
said. “Ifs people from every- 
where — a lot more cultures. 
There’s a lot more rules, a lot 
more attitude." 

Nations and Organization of 
American States mission to 
leave by Wednesday. The group 
bad been monitoring human 
rights conditions in the country. 

"Throwing the monitors out 
is just the latest expression of 
the desperation of that Illegal 
regime and their desire to hide 
their conduct,” Mr. Clinton 
said. He added that he hoped 
the action would “stiffen the 
mil of the international com- 
munity to support the United 
States in the strongest possible 
enforcement of the sanctions." 

The United Nations has im- 
posed trade sanctions on Haiti, 
and the United States has im- 
posed its own additional pres- 
sures. Although Canada and 
other countries have joined the 
ban .on air traffic to Haiti. 
France has continued its ser- 


A memorial sendee 
will be held for 


on Wednesday, July 13, 

at the American Cathedral. 
23 avenue George V, Paris 8. 

Even as the Clinton adminis- 
tration tries to rally internation- 
al support for a UN peacekeep- 
ing force in Haiti, some 
Pentagon officials worry that 
the plan risks the confusion and 
poor coordination that marked 
the UN operation in Somalia, 
The Washington Post reported 
from Washington. 

The officials say the United 
States, not the United Nations, 
should nm the proposed effort 
to help secure democracy in 
Haiti. They argue that U.S. con- 
trol would be more efficient and 
effective, according to sources 
familiar with the debate. 

The secretary of defense, 
William J. Perry, remains com- 
mitted to UN control, accord- 
ing to a senior Pentagon offi- 
cial, and White House officials 
expressed confidence Monday 
that they could avoid the prob- 
lems of the Somalia operation. 

U.S. plans for an internation- 
al peacekeeping force continue 
to be based on the premise that 
economic sanctions and other 
pressures will lead Haiti’s top 
three military leaders to step 
down, and that U.S. forces win 
not invade. As the Haitian lead- 
ers refuse to budge and a surge 
in the number of fleeing Hai- 
tians strains Washington's abil- 
ity to cope, however, the likeli- 
hood of an invasion has grown. 

Under the peacekeeping 
plan, troops would accompany 
the return of the deposed Hai- 
tian president, the Reverend 
T ran -Bertrand Aristide. They 
would maintain order, guard 
the president and other demo- 
cratic leaders, retrain Haiti's se- 
curity forces and protect inter- 
national humanitarian and 
b arman rights workers. 

How long the troops would 

Even West’s Spies 

ByLRRieid : ..... 

‘caff Foreign 

N«fh ^Kc«w^f 1 tow ws, * al ^^^^.pyongyaog — not 

Korea .botfrom 


relatives will face repajemsflons. 

country, .a .W.-rr . , 

Tuesday, : “i5 Incpnoplctt. ^and 
YifrmKnhlfc/ Our ‘sources of XOr 
forinationare axaticandimro- 

dOJl.UUM * 

cotieemin the die.-.-—— - . . 
Since vejy leur North Koto- 

ans ever get out of the comtr* 

ahdJew foreigners arc allowed 

front South — _ 
some other countries. But peo- 
ple are cautious about saymg 

“ ■ thMVnfin the 


formation do not erist 



TAIWAN PROTEST — Anti-nuclear activists in Taip ei 
unclear project More than 15 persons were injured during me 

TtottW YAM tUm Hm*. F» im . 

‘ debate on a 

dbrew a uow d of 4 , 008 . 

GERMANY: High Court Clears the Way for Military Missions Abroad 

Continned from Page 1 
strikes over the Balkans. The constitution- 
al provisions authorizing German partici- 
pation in collective security organizations 
like NATO, the Western European Union 
and the United Nations meant that Ger- 
many could also take part in their opera- 
tions abroad, the eight judges agreed. 

Four judges argued that NATO and the 
WEU had broadened their charters so far 
as to make them unrecognizable, moving 
from defense against a Soviet military 
tbm at to “out-of-area" operations to deter 
or halt new threats. 

The implication of this view, which had 
no legal effect because the four other 
judges on the panel opposed it, was that 
the treaties establishing both organizations 
really ought to be debated and ratified 

The heart of the decision Tuesday was- 
the court’s finding that explicit parliamen- 
tary approval, by a simple majority, was 
neededior all German anned nntitaiy mis- 

.“The constitution obliges the .federal, 
government to seek enabling agreement by 
the German Bundestag, as a rale in ad- 

vance, before comm ting the anuedforces 
to action," it ruled, and Mr. Kohl's govern- 
ment had violated it by -gong ahead, in 
Somalia, and over Bosnia, without getting 
approval. . .. 

Social Democratic legislators here 
pointed -out that . the court had merely 

required Gtnnan governments to do what 

American ones have had to do evwsmce 
the Vietnam War- 

The difference is that when parliamenta- 
ry g o v ernment s cannot muster- & maturity 
of legislators to support their- policies, 
those governments usually faH. * ' 

j^o^vmiocsLoxms of spying* 
both Jngh-tedi and kw, ofcie- 
ixrBfom ^relative handful ttf 
fbreigadiploniais and tra ve le rs 
in the country, on -a fairiy thm 
flow of defectors who manage 
to escape tiiepoficestate and on 
w hate ver inrornuiriau: North 
Korea-, tihooses to proride hy 

teill are looked upom 

information, experts say, but it 
is also onepf 4hc least reliable. 



• a very ^*11 number -of 
North Koreans — fewer than 
10 ih .an average year. South 


Korea says- — manage to flee 
the tightly guarded state and 
take asylum here. 

The defectors frequently tea 
Amazing tales about depravity, 
ruthlessness and corruption m 
Pyongyang’s ruling clique. 
Mostoftbe stories now floating 
in the Western press about 
^-inking and womanizing by 
rim long n, the heir-apparent, 
comeironi these defectors. 

; But many of the stories they 

CLINTON: 100,000 Berliners Cheer as President Hails City as a Syj^fol 

Continued from Page 1 
ing between East and West and 
Checkpoint Charlie and helped 
resettle refugees. 

“1 say to all of you. the mem- 
bers of the Bohn Brigade: 
America salutes you!” the pres- 
ident proclaimed to the troops 
as they stood at attention in the 
broiling sunshine at McNair 
Barracks. “Mission accom- 

At the Brandenburg Gate, 
where a giant video screen dis- 
played subtitles of his speech in 
German, Mr. Clinton stood 

in what was onoe no-man’s land victory after the Battle of War 
beyond the walL terioo. 

“We stand together where Columns of Hitler's Brown 
Europe’s heart was cut in half . Shirt supporters mounted a 
and we celebrate unity," he * torchlight parade through the 
said. “Bediners, you have won 
your long struggle. You have 
proved that no wall can forever 
contain the mighty power of 

meant it to ft* —.a gateway- 
Now, together, we oca yiulk. 
through that gateway to ora 

..TV ‘and- 

mainly propaganda £1 • -<* 

pine inte rspersed with, news 
reports from the state-rim. Ko- 
rean CintialNewsAgency, are 
on. the air about eight boms -a 
day Depending cm reception 
conditions; they lean bemont- 
tored in South. Korea, .CJmia 
and Japan. 

To. try to chock the spotty 
information available bran 

North KmeanTwcssandbroad- 

Castfiag, : outside analysts rou- 
tjnd v tuft to*" the handful . of. 
foiogiiea firing in North KO- 
rca—ambassaaocs from about 
a dazca^ewmtries, x fewJo|ir- 
nalistJ fromRussmandCSuna 
add sauMs.woffreisfQom intend 

ttorial aid agencies. . , ' , . ... 
- A smaH tridde of foreign 
travelers: also gets; into Nartii 

destiny, to a Europe rante d^ 

stay remained under disrosaon. with. Chancellor Helmut Kohl 


It was through the Branden- 
burg Gate, topped by a four-, 
horse chariot and the Iron 
Cross, that Napoleon's troops 
marched after defeating the 
Prussians in 1806, and through 
which the Prussians returned ur_ 

_ _ the united in peace, muted m free? STImi at Noi th Korean 

gate on the night of Jan. 30, dam, united in progress! orthe V^iricted mainly 

1933, after he was named chan- first time in history. ^ cotS^ri^Bbttihoods of 

ccQor. Knowing tfaal Mt Cfinton’s PyonByanfe thc showcase capi- 

When the city was dmded speech would . inevitably be ^ tfiee designated 

after Worid War n, the gate compared with. President Ken- ♦QQjjst " 

was put just inside the Soviet ned/s 1963 “Ich baton Berlin- ~ 

Sector, a line that .was marked er r ’ addr ess , .White House offi- 

dals-teft it to Mr. Ornton to 
decide at the last mumte what, 
if ahy, sentences he would ran; 
der in German.^ 1 ' ■* ■' ■ "=* • : 





International Fi'np Investment de Bcftm - Ctuium^ (MdAss^; 

Vv/_- \ 

in concrete when the Beriin 
Wall was built in 1961 and die 
gate blocked off. 

And it was hoe that thou- 
sands of -jubilant . Germans - 
gathered to celebrate "the fall of 
the.wallln.1989. . • 

From a platform, where he 
looked into the drab apartment 

blocks of the former East Beriin 

and could sees a^raffiti^scarred 
stretch that remains of the wall, . 
Mr. Clinton invoked that proud 
and bitter history. 

In every age* he said, the gate 
“has been a symbol of the 

‘But in bur own time,” he 
went on, “you, courageous Ber- 
liners, .have again made the 
Brandenburg what its builder 

Generally, When.- foreigners 
have, jeasqa “.to travel out of 
Pyor^yan$, ’ the government 

. "By the . time the . defectors’ 
stories come out, these peoplk 
have been under the control of 
South Korea, which would 
want to smear the Kim regime," 
said a Western diplomat in 
SouthKorea. “We’re not confi- 
dent that all these a ppare ntly 
crazy stories from defectors can 
be trusted.” . 

Finally, the U.S. and other 
patio"* routinely watch North 
Korea by various means — spy 
satellites, say planes and even a 
network of binoculars and m- 
frared viewers set up in the hOls 
ovedoolghg the North-South 
bolder, the most heavily fort*- 
fied.boraer on earth. 

. The outside worid has report- 
ed^ retied largely on spy satel- 
lites to watch progress at the 
. North’s nuclear research farifi- 
ty in the deep mountains at 
Yongbyon - — where North Ko- 
rea is evidently storing phitoni- 
mn, the key fud of nudear 

Same droerts say there are 
hnmans. spies as well in North. 
Korea reporting to the West, 
but nffamh here will not say 
anything on that point 

ForaBthat, though, analysts 
who have made a career out o&^ 


■ QomInb Sma Fo* • link&reh 1 

PARADE: Hope of Tomorrow? 

Coatroed from Page 1 which dosdy rcsembles the 

wfll also be along pan in the w ““ WarP ^Ctea. 
parade. The BastflTe Day MTado 

General Guignon said he. comes after cptidsm of the Eur- 
- that as these troops pa- ocoips by the French Semite 

. &~i committee on defense and foe-. 

rign affairs, which calledr the 
unit, orated last year, largely 
symbolic • 

uvi» « j But the cranmander. General 

men carrying the hope of Helmut Wfllmaftn, rejected this 
' of tomorrow.” criticism, saying that the.Euro- 
cosps will be fully opexz^kmal 

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jy_ WULI IHIW.IIW"- “ muwi vw* w. 

mg the .dftf ifter..iii^ifiWtt, so . riia^N^ Korea 

thev uass torourfi ihc connliy- throw, up then* hands m frustra- 

fo what was deaqrfixd as TT7 . t^ w ^ a^edto how touch 

acceptable accent, .Mr. .CZtinfon Several "thousand people they-reaHy Know, 

sptoke^ twice m 1 ' ^Gamfo, fT^ Jarom ritit-l^otth Kjrara 

ddi^ht of the crowd. ■ by'czui^ Elm? each year^ bring- 
- “In the name, of the sentries ing cadi tina goodi to relatives 
at Checkpoint Chaiiie wjio' in tht North who are not able to 
stood face-to-face with cafemy leave the country. ■ ; ;_ _ 

tanks, in the. name .of ,eyeiy ; ■’Some of "these visitors will 
American president winf . 
come td Betlin, mthe nalne of 

•Tbe plajce Is a deqp, deep 
mystery, .saidh senior western 
^edriist hcre. “For almost any 
question "about the country or 
its leaders, thehonest answer is, 
*We don’t really know.’ ” 

in umv|^v 

future — in aHofthesrnaitira, I 
say, ‘Amerifat- stekt tm 'ibrer 
Sate , jetztund fur immerf” 
Clinton promised. “Amerifcsi is 
on your side, now and forever.” 

Nudear Freeze Holds, 


down “the most beautiful 

avenue in the world,” the peo- 
ple of France and Paris will see 
them ^ess as the inheritors at 
the Europe of yesterday than as 

The German Army entered 
Paris on June J4, 1940, and pa- 
raded down the Champs-Ely- 
sfces for the first time on June 
18. That same day, the French 
hard for a call 19 resistance 
from an army officer in London 
of whom no one had heard, 
Charics de Gaulle. 

This time, there will be no 

rose-stepping Prussians on the 
Jmmps-EIysfee&. The German 
soldiers, who belong to . a unit 
formed after the war, will tide 
in annexed vehicles. Neveither 
icss, they will be more proim- 
nent tijan the French have been 
led tobetiewe; since the vehicles 
axe distinctly marked with the 
black and white military cross,' 

V- • ■ • Room ■ 

' TtflCYQ-^North Korea wfll 
adhere "to ifee mudeai' freeze 
premised hy PhakJenf Kim H 
Suhg before he died,' a semofc 
North Korean djpkpat said 
Tuesday, p -';’. . 

puring an interview in New 
Yack by ' the hmanese news 
agency Kyqdo^ J5m- Su Mon, 
deputy permanent North Kore- 
an nquesentetive atthe United 
Nations^ said his government 
would teqi its nuclear program 
f rozen as part of the deal ar- 
ranged with the United States 
as a condition for negotiations. 

A thndicuad of tatts opened 
in Geneva last Friday on a. posi- 
tive note, but was. suspended 
imril after thekfuneral of Piesi- 
dentKirn 11 Sung, vrimh will be 
dnSunday. : • *; * ■ 

,TThe Uikted States agreed to 
the " meetings _ last month after 

visited Pycmgyan* anj^ won a 

II Sung to 

missions outside of hi^c^tiyrs mK^ar pro- 
y- gram pQM&ng Xt^otiations. 

TheBastffieI>ay^araiki tdso . The N<xth Korean diplomat 
tmrrfc* the fifth anniversary of , said toat.Tnteriiaiicmar Atomic 
the bilingual, S^OCkm ea^CT Energy Agbncy inspectors 
French-German fe^ade, which- woulooc allowed to remainat a 
forms the backbone- of the- reactor in Yongbyun, north of 
widely scattered- Enrocorps. the Capital, Pyongyang, and 

for' every type ^of missaon by 
Oct. 1, 1995. r , : . 

The Enrocorps .received., a 
boost chi Tuesday, with tibieiul- 
ingby GecmUB^s Constitution- 
al Court that - Grapaan troops 
can tak^ parr Jn missions 
abroad. ’Hie' &ttocxaps is in- 
tended for possible action an 

tended fosjHXSiue action. any- . 
vriiere in unope^or &n- UN-, 

flnfi mw rf twim Aiw 'fmtnriA WPPP? 

Mb After Leader's hit Seoul and Washington 

CuMftiwd fimfifA. my Cattef. h^J^imsoiten^ hi posrfioo. 

ah histoDC first summit 

United Various over h»'relusal-to. grant’ 
international ihsp«tors access to North rr . 
Korea’s nudem? mstafiations^ where. Mr t 


that spent fuel rods taken from 
the tractor would not be repro- 

: ‘.The U.S. Department of 
State has said that any resump- 
tion of objectionable aspects of 
the nuclear program, such as 
steps to reprocess fud rods to 
extinct plutonium, would re* 
quire Washington to end the 
Genieva folks . 

Since the death at President 
Kim late last week, the North 
Koreans- have madg a number 
of moves to ease concern in the 
outride world. A. major concern 
has been whether the latedicta- 
tor’s san and chosen successor, 
Kim. Jmig D, would continue . 
tbe hmited opeating to the oov' 
. ride world b^un by his father. 

. At the Geneva talks, the 
United States and North Kore- 
ans are discussing a package of 
issues that could lead to in- 
creased security bn' the Korean 
I VnfngnBi. " 

-The issues under discussion 
in the_ talks include Norfe Kore- 
an meaaires to assure the world 
that Pyongyang’s nuclear tno- 
.: gram divecteafor 
military uses. Other subjects in- 
volve Steps by the United States 

to, hairiuifize.dmlomatic rdar 
tkms with North Korea and 
" also to extend it economic aid. 

dent Kim YoingBaaUtkve bceawnqao- 
uoas m saying fittle puWicly. They have 
- foregone an histcmcopportimity to articu- 
. Jate their judgments on Khn tt Sung’s 


Korea s saclettr yngraHanrnw. waere WITl 07 - jwmsumm* wiL null «' 

was fear dial North Korea had d ^ ian ^’ - - /•£ ^ ^ . Han Sung Joo, theforekn mimstfir, said \. lu 

prodwedwmoplutonHmijttelwcoinpor. ■ :Sotath Kqregn<^^ Mg 6 tfena star ^ htmedtiS; new iw/Wtiwp l|. k 
Sent in nudear bwribs, and .that it was ; as wprio^opt.deti ^m.te ^ * aEwlie recently l 

about to produo: more from ft^I rods.- <?“inunifal I ^^*^^ alrcadfc 

behind this short-lived bpemmL ^ 

recently removed from a reactor near 
pmagvang. The government; in. fact, had 
r^noved those rods inxspcn defiance of an 
order from the Iriternatkinal Atomic Ener- 
gy Association-- .... 

The^ war of nerves had reached the ipoint 
where South Korea and the United States 
had derided recently to sed economic 
sanctions against Pyongyang, an act that 
North Korea warned could trigger a war. 
At no time in recent years had Mr. Kim 

last month, follow*- 

jh a mood deteribed-as^ fsmcable. Both 
jSr^atives. hfffe^bwn 


: Arid m North Korea, too, there are signs 
* of Exchange in attitude; if -temporary.-'. > 

. North Korea ; has all but abandoned its 
■ferocrons -diatribes toward Seoul and 
. Washingbsi in. its official media. The huge 
1 anti^ A niaican propigan-' 

. those d^ To natic r 


- It was" a prpkABOig, ^tqiXative start, 

scane' modesty hope^rigjra after nearly 

five 'decades ofhxdQy. Newiuides^'fe muc uBfc^jwyyw* 

to have had a big impact cm -the - . «te tira des. The North Korean media even 
ofo^rals^sandm WasinBg- '■ ^rqprated approvingly the expression of 
ton, . '• - -- oOTdolence ham President B91 Omtoo* 

South Kwcan leadera, espedijjiy Preo^ wtt> has generally been vffifiodmthepast. 










Internationa l Herald Tribune 
Wednesday, My 13, 1994 
Page 9 


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Movie Star Billing — for Pandas 

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-S' Trainer' Mark Wiener with the 9-month-old panda cub Simo on the set of “Little Panda ” in Tibet. 

liL-y ■ — ; '•.■■_ — — 

By Fionnuala Halligan 

J IUZHIAGOU, Tibet — Every 
morning in Jiuzhiagou, Tibetan vil- 
lagers send the yaks out to graze, put 
on their finest beads, and stroll 
straight onto a Hollywood film set. It has 
already been a month since Warner Broth- 
ers started filming “Little Panda" in this 
mountainous national reserve, situated on 
the remote border of Sichuan Province and 
Tibet. But still the villagers sit silently and 
watch every day. 

Occasionally, they are delighted to work 
as extras — even though these isolated 
people won’t allow themselves to be photo- 
graphed by a traditional camera. The daily 
wages are' more than a month’s earnings, 
and there’s the opportunity to work with a 

The producers of “Little Panda” have 
accomplished major feats since they start- 
ed production on June 13. They transport- 
ed all the equipment plus 200 cast and 
crew members 7,000 feet (2,1 35 meters) up 
into the mountains after permission to use 
army helicopters was denied. Each trip 
through the mudslides and bandit territory 
takes a minimum of 15 hours and can last 
up to three days. They also secured permits 
to shoot in one of Asia's most treasured 
scenic areas and reconstruct a deserted 
Tibetan village. But the most remarkable 
feat of all was a casting coup — getting two 
panda cubs to star in the film. 

Seven scientists from W oolong Captive 
Breeding Center jealously guard the time 
of nine-month-old Simo (a male panda) 
and six-month-old Moon (female). The 
beats are allowed to work for four hours 
every day — making their time more pre- 
cious than that of the film’s child star, 1 1- 
year-old Ryan Slater. He stops work at 3 

P. M. each day. and then the rains usually 
start, ensuring that director Chris Cain has 
“not shot what you’d term a full day’s 
work yet.” Still, he is on time, and under 
budget (which is set at SI 8.5 million). 

“And 2 have footage of the pandas that I 
□ever thought we could get," said Cain. 
“Thai’s ihanks to Mark Wiener.” 

Wiener, a Vancouver-based animal 
trainer and bear expen who guided the 
furry star of “The Bear," is the first West- 
erner ever to train a panda. “I went to 
Woolong to see the cubs before we started 
shooting, and I knew immediately it would 
be possible to train them,” said wiener. “I 
just didn’t know how much.” Normally. 
Wiener uses “positive reinforcement” to 
train animals — usually food rewards — 
but these two pandas are fed strictly every 
eight hours, with no snacks permitted. 

“The bears are extremely precious to the 
Chinese, to us all," said Wiener. “And 
baby pandas are hard to keep alive. The 
main worry is during the first six months. 
Moon and Sim are through that danger 
period now, but we still have to take care. 
Because 1 can't use food, the only way to 
get them to come to me is to play with 
them. So I take them out every day and 
give them a good time. I lei Simo chew on 
my aim. Moon is much more placid — she 
just likes to sit around and play by herself. 
But they both love being oul Pandas are 
neat, soft animals . They’re slower than a 
black bear or a grisly, mainly because 
they have no predators except man . They 
would never retaliate.” 

Simo and Moon are living signs of Woo- 
long's success after a shaky start. The 
breeding station now has 21 pandas in 
captivity, including eight sub-adults, and 
anticipates up to three more births this 
year. Only Chengdu and Beijing zoos sur- 

pass the Woolong birth rate, giving some 
hope for the future of China’s endangered 
panda population, which now stands at an 
estimated 1,200 in the wild. Actors in pan- 
da suits and remote-controlled robots 
stand in for the real-life bears during “Lit- 
tle Panda's" dangerous scenes. 

Simo and Moon play only one screen 
bear, however, named Jahni/Johnny. 
Ryan Slater’s character has to help his 
reserve warden father (played by Stephen 
Lang) by rescuing the baby panda from 

S diers. For the purpose of the film. 

o is the “running bear,” while Moon 
takes the part of the “holding bear." 

C AIN describes “Little Panda” as 
an action-adventure film for the 
family. “Everything in this movie 
is positive. The only negative 
pan is that the pandas are disappearing," 
he said. 

“I’m not presumptuous enough to think 
that I can change the plight of the giant 
panda,” he added. “But I think this film 
will do more to awaken people to what a 
panda bear really is than anything else. 

“We're all here in the middle of Tibet, 
the very outskirts of Chinese civilization, 
crammed into two small hotels. It’s not 
easy on the crew. But when 1 go into the 
villages, Fve never seen so many happy, 
laughing, welcoming faces before in my 
life. We've had no problems getting ap- 
provals to shoot It takes time and you 
have to pay for it but Jiuzhiagou is the 
equivalent of Yellowstone National Park 
and you'd never geL permission to shoot 

“Most of all. I’d like to make a film that 
this country would be proud of." 

Fionnouala Halligan is a journalist based 
in Hong Kong, specializing in film. 


Even With the Staging Flaws, 6 The Seagull 9 Works Its Magic 

V-: au. 
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By Sheridan Morley * 

Inltmctiaual Herald Thfaw 

L ONDON — John Caird’s reviv- 
al of “The Seagull" at the Nation- 
al is in many respects - — notably 
the casting — admirable. But hav- 
ing assembled such expert Chdcbpvians as 
Edward Petherbridge, Norman Rodway 
and Anna Calder-Marshall (and for minor 
roles), we did not need to be told that the 
director and designer had this sort of notion 
that it might all be taking place in a series of 
Victorian framed landscap es. _ 

Chekhov gives ns the frame hoe, and it 
alooe is perfectly adequate. True, Jodi 
Dench is awkward casting far Aric&dhja- 1 - 
her wholly natural, low-kef and~eVjai^df- 

!TT^ ■ 

» ■ j .<&• i; (o <i 

' Romeo’: G< 

and the cymdsm of the opportunistic nov- 
elist. Equally, Helen McCrary misses the 
tine despair of Nina, and Alan Cox 111- 
prepares us for Konstantin's suicide Yet 
so strong is the rest of the playing that we 
can live' with these central "problems, even 
. in Past Gems’s new translation, which is 
rather too briskly modem and in fact wild- 
ly mmecessary,given that we have a defini- 
tive Michael Frayn version of considerably 
more elegance and expertise. 

. . .Yet Chekhov survives, even in those mo- 
‘ meals when Csird looks as though he would 
rather be doing a revival of “A little Night 
•Mg’Kfe troth, the. Olivier stage is too 

then; the magic of this elegy for humanity 
still comes through. 

At the Hampstead, “A Coffer's Friday 
Night” Is perhaps of more importance to 
biographers and theater historians than au- 
diences. Written when D. EL Lawrence was 
rally 24, but not published far another 25 
years, it dates form 1909 and is arguably 
whoc modem working-class drama begins. 

But that doesn’t make it a great play. If 
anything, it’s a dramatic penal sketch for 
“Sons and Lovers,” with the sensitive min- 
er’s son and the too-doting mother and the 
inchoate, drunken father all neatly in place 
as if awaiting a major novel rather than a 
minor domestic drama. 

. John Dove’s production struggles for 
intensity, especially in the scenes involv- 
ing Edward.Peel as the father, old before 




vvflr 3* 

By David Stevens - - , 

fntrmaBonal Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — Although the IPthrcmte 17 
ry French operatic repertory seems 
to have been suffering from tired 
blood for a long time; especially on 
its home ground, it may be that all it needs 
for resuscitation is afew oatstanding voices, 
some dramatically intdHgent staging and : 
air ftnn and sympathetic musical direction., 
ThaL would be one reasonable condo- 
sion from the latest appearance of <3ori- 
, nod’s “Romto et JuKette," which Jhaa been ■ 

: and. reaping* 

*° pocking the Opfcra Carmquc and reaping; 

prolonged ovations. This production 
. comes nrom Toulouse, vhere it was first' 
seen earlier this season,' but it is being 
c \ coproduced .with the Comique and, in tiae 
~^ 1 ' fall, goes on to London’s Royal Opera. • 

5 u The vocal star, and a revelation for. the 
audience at the Salle Favart, was Roberto 
,a! Alagoa, a 30-year-old French tenor (of Scil- 
ian descent) with no evident vocal problems 
t* and many assets. This is a strong lyri c voic e 
w*’ with a touch of high-quality metal, bursting 
cu with health and virility and handled with 
n«t«ra}nmsicality- • . _ 

Alagna has been singing the Italian ana 1 
Frenchlyric repertory around Emopefora 
5 0v fitfle more than five years, and ail the 
-■=» evidence is that this is a career about to go 
-tint© orbit He attracted serious, notice 
Zr- when he sang Alfredo in the 1990 La Scala 

Pj production of VerdTs “La-Traviata under 

Riccardo Mnti. . •" . • 

Staying so far within the mainstream 
repertory, he has done numaous “Bo- 
hfemes" and earlier this year added Gou- 
n r x nod's “Faust" in Montpellier and tne 
Duke in Verdi’s “RigolettOj” another Muti 
bri La Scala production. Pans gets its next 
* t7 ’ look next season, when he is scheduled to 
to: ^ Edgar do in the Bastille’s new prodao- 
■ 3| tion of “Luda di Lanrinennoor.”)-- 

Alaena also is good-looking md moves 
withease on stage, so he and theltalian 
soprano Nucria Focfle, the fragile and 


Nuccia Focile and Roberto Alagna 
in “Romio and Juliette." 

Show Pays Homage to French Comic 

By Thomas 

y intmuiiitmat ftantd Tribune . __ 

P ARIS — J&rfintt director 

2Sianie-trois" that is dedicatedto •: 

thi* French comedian. Dac died m • 
losopber, poet and Pf* ^ 

his father opened a 
amwsd m jrans r'“y mcttc .-rbe son mas- 
buicber dK® wf* was injured 

^ I arid he was 

•in action Sf^Lical ambitions. 

1 ^ he arailaH« 

dmer, sol© sa^^^iting sketthes - 

; Jot bythehimoroos 

r, director 

butcher’s slang that his father used.' His 
first cabaret appearance, m Montmartre’s 
LaVache Enragfee, was thebeghming of an 
exceptional journey through the next de- 
cades, - . 

Be seemed to move with the times. In 
the. 1920s he was a superstar m “La Lone 
-rtJtese^CThe Red Moon) and became “Le 
Roi'des toufoqnes" (Tho &iog of Crati- 
pots). When films began to speak, he was 
engaged by Christian- Jaque to act in talk-- 
ics and in 1935' he fc^an his own radio 

. ' In May 1938, 'a hew magazine;. L’Os a 
Mbdle.(lI» MtatJOW Bone), appeared in 
Paris . Md roadbed a circulation rif. 400,000 
cqjties. a week was forbidden wfaeo- 
the German Army arrived in Pari& Its edi- , 
tor; Rare Dap, l^ constanOy wamed his 
readers of what awaited them if JHBtkr was 
not haflled. Had escaped to Spain arid in 
1943^ reached Goaera} de Gaulle in London 

his time, back from the pithead to realize 
that his family alternately despise and 
fear him. Barbara Jefford is his possessive 
wife, possessive not of him but of the son 
whose college education has already tak- 
en him out of her reach, while Dominic 
Rowan and Kate Ashfield are the young 
couple already priggjshly in love ana 
aware that home is no longer where their 
hearts are. 

You have only to read the memoirs of 
pit chil dren like Emlyn Williams to realize 
how wonderfully accurate Lawrence is in 
his portrayal of families tom apart by 
education and the lack of it, and of men 
suddenly aware that they have sacrificed 
their lives for wives and children who de- 
spise their sacrifice. Nothing much hap- 
pens in “A Collier’s Friday Night" except 

passionate Juliet, made a most credible 
and attractive pair of young lovers. 

Michel Plasson and his Orchestra Na- 
tional dn Gapitole of Toulouse were an- 
other element of musical strength. Plas- 
son conducted with a sure hand and 
evident affection to which the orchestra 
responded amply. In supporting parts, 
the' veteran Michel Trcmpont brought 
sure style to his duties as Capulet, and 
Doris Lamprecht as the page Stfcphano 
and Andrew Schroeder as Mexcutio made 
solid contributions. 

Nicolas Joel’s staging injected convinc- 
ing movement and vigor into what could 
easily be a static opera, creating fight 
scenes and love scenes of credible violence 
and passion. Carlo Tommasi’s sets and 
costumes were more earthbound, although . 
flexible, vaguely Italianafe elements of 
mobile gothic architecture. 

It is not necessarily just sentiment to 
believe that giving the work in the relative- 
ly modest confines of the Salle Favart 
made a positive contribution. A work like 
this would be lost in the vastness of the 
Bastille, although it had a long career in 
the Palais Ganner once it was introduced 
there in 1888 under the high-powered vo- 
cal auspices of Adelina Patti and the de 
Reszke brothers. 

But there is an affinity between Gou- 
nod’s un aggressive lyricism and the 
warmth of smaller theaters. In any case, 
Gounod wrote all his successes for the 
relatively intimate Theatre Lyrique, and 
all Ms flops for the grander spaces of the 
Opgra. There may be a reason. 

There has recently been a quiet change 
in the direction of the Op£ra Comique 
Pierre Mfcdccin is the new director, suc- 
ceeding Thierry Fouquet, who has run it 
with ingenuity bom of a shoestring budget 
since it newly began an independent exis- 
jaajwMoy&i tcnce in 1990. Fouquet has been called to 
.. the Opera Bastille, where the transition is 
Alagna (jgiag prepared for the new leadership of 
Hugues GalL 

for the sketching of these great divides 
between poetry and the pithead, between 
mother-love and burgeoning fiHal ambi- 
tion to get out and get on. 

At the King’s Head in Islington, we have 
a considerable curiosity: Fanny Burney’s 
“A Busy Day," last seen in London 200 
years ago and now generally reckoned to be 
the missing link from Sheridan to Pinero. 
The theory rests on the fact that this is a late 
Restoration comedy with heart. Like many 
of the comedies that preceded it in local 
theatrical history, it’s about class and mon- 
ey and the fact that most of its characters 
have one without the other, but Alan Co- 
veney’s production blow away the dust as a 
large, inventive cast cranes up with a spirit- 
ed theatrical romp on this miniscule stage. 

Once again it has been left to a free- 

/ ' -■ 

lance director on a derisory budget in a 
pub theater to do the kind of detective 
work for which the subsidized companies 
have entire literary management depart- 
ments, and it is now hard to see why “A 
Busy Dav" slipped through that nets. 
These reclamation jobs are usually left to 
Sam Walters at the Orange Tree m Rich- 
mond, where long experience means a 
rather more assured production and com- 
pany than is available at the more eclectic 
King's Head. Nevertheless, a team of 14 
works with considerable panache through 
the heat to achieve a style that can best be 
considered as Jane Austen on speed. 

This is to some extent a moral fable 
about the dash between new money and 
old breeding, but its plot would not have 
disgraced an 18th-century Ben Travers. 

■:Y , T 

'• . ;• .W 

v~4 y • "s r *A - ' 

. & *>. 


to broadcast to France on the BBC pro- 
gram, “Les Franqais parlmt anx francais." 

He returned with the Free French for 
the liberation of Paris in August 1944, and 
once the war was over he published a new 
review, L’Os Libre (The Free Bone) and 
was performing in cabarets, theaters and 
on radio and. television his sketches with 
the rising comic, Francis Blanche. 

Three vdumes of Dae’s editorials sound- 
ing the alamort Hitler have been repub- 
lished, hb “Pehstes” is in print, a selection 
at hk sYprrhe* »n<T fciy f /m d o n songs are to 
be heard on records, and a luminous biogra- 
phy by Jacques Pessis appeared last year on 
the centenary of Dab’s birth. It is the basis 
of the Chaifliot spectacle. 

Savory’s version of Doc’s material hc^s 
from Pans bars to the Amazon jungles and 
from amdodrama during the occupation to 
a Lima Park sideshow. A nimble company 
keeps its pace bride and arousing. 


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tMowlmc gmfaidn » 3p».i» «i 


International Herald Tribune, Wednesday, July IS, 1994 

Page II 


^0 r ffi!S^^nISjll Worid Stodc lndex ©• composed* 




1993 1084 

| North America 

Latin America 

Approx, wefyftip 2fi% 
CtoBE 91.76 PlM391iS 


Approx weighing: 5% ' BBBI 

Oqs«, 115£9 Pjwj 115.72 . Qgg 

The index backs US. dcdar vakwe of stocks ire Tokyo, Uom Yoric, London, and 
Aigombia, Australia, Austria, MghMR, BraaB, Canada, CMa, Denmark, FHand, 
Franco, Gwnmy, Hong Kong, My, Mexico. MtuMnds, Maw Zaahnd, Norway, 
Singapore, Spain, Sweden. Swftzartetd and Venezuela. For Tbkyo. New Yuk and 
London, Ih* Index Is conpoead of Bte 30 top issues ti toms of market capitabation, 
othanetse the ten top mcka am tracked 

1 Industrial Sectors j 

Urn. fne. % ' 

dtai don 


Tim. ■ Me 
. daw does 




111.00 11128 -025 

Capital Goods 

11250 ItjflB 



121.79 12127 -tfl .43 


124.76 125.49 

- 0 . 5 B 


118.55 118.76 - 0.18 

ConsoiKr Goods 

9857 99.78 



117.38 11638 +034 


124.74 12421 

+ 0.43 

For mom information abort the index, a booklet Is BV^sUB ftBBdcitogB. 

Writs (o Tito Index. 181 Avenua Chartes do Gaule. 9 Z 521 ffouMy Cedex, France. 

Europe Takes to Herbal Cures 

By Erik. Ipsen 

InurnotiCiial HernU Tribune 

LONDON — Once regarded as a 

S t and quirky echo of a bygone era, 
alive medicines ranging from garlic 
capsules to ginkgo pills are stagmg a 
strong recovery across northern Europe. 

Not sauce peniefflin and other modem 
wonder drags stormed onto the scene 
about a half century ago have the pros- 
pects for such remedies and for their 
manufacturers looked brighter. 

Across Europe; manufacturers of al- 
ternative medicines are reporting surging 
AemtmA “We see growing interesi for 
these remedies throughout Europe,” said 
Sabine Falbe, head of the international 
division at Berlin-based Lichtwer 
Pharma, a 23-year-old company whose 
Kwai brand garlic pills are the biggest- 
selHng over-the-counter medicine in 
Germany, in volume terms. Lichtwer’s 
total sales now exceed 100 million Deut- 
sche marks ($64.54 million) a year. 

This spring, Boots Co., owner of Brit- 
ain's largest drag store chain, not only 
shifted what it now calls “complemen- 
tary medicines” to front and center loca- 
tions in the drug sections of 800 of its 

stores, it also began selling dozens of 
them under its own brand name. 

Citing research showing that demand 
for alternative medicines in Britain has 
doubled in the last five years alone, Jen- 

Boot^frfeaJ thcare, said: “We derided to 
give customers what they wanted." 

There are several theories why alterna- 
tive medicines, which continue to be the 

Many are available 
under various national 
insurance plans in 
Continental Europe. 

principal medical treatments used in 
most of the countries of the developing 
world, should experience a revival in 
Europe. Many people print to well pub- 
licized disasters with such modern medi- 
cines as Thalidomide as spurring interest 
in natural alternatives. 

Preben Bordli, marketing manager at 
the herbal drug maker Ferrosan A/S in 
Denmark, points to factors as diverse as 

“the trend for people to seek milder, 
more natural products," to public health 
authorities getting increasingly cost-con- 
scious, The resulting drive to hold pre- 
scription costs down has been, he said, a 
boon to relatively cheap alternative med- 

Andrew Locltie, ft British physician and 
author of two books cm homeopathy, or 
medicines that treat symptoms with ex- 
tremely high dilutions of substances 
known to cause those same symptoms, 
attributes the surge in interest to the “gen- 
eral Zeitgeist" of the times, and to an 
increasing trend to look behind physical 
ailmen ts and examine what stresses or 
strains might have caused them. It is that 
son of holistic treai-the-patiem-not-tbe- 
symptoms approach that many practitio- 
ners of alternative medicine emphasize. 

In spite of rapid growth in recent 
years, the market for alternative medi- 
cines remains email, even by the stan- 
dards of a single major pharmaceuticals 
company. France and Germany are the 
two largest markets, with total sales of 
around $300 milli on last year. 

It is difficult to measure the market, 
however, because it is difficult to define 

See HERBS, Page 13 

Approve UAL 
Worker Buyout 

Compiled by Orr Staff From Dispatches 

shareholders on Tuesday en- 
dorsed a $4.9 billion employee 
buyout of the company, creat- 
ing one of the largest employee- 
owned companies in the United 

Under the plan, employees 
would own 55 percent of UAL, 
the parent company of United 

United’s pilots, ground 
crews, office workers and cus- 
tomer service agents are giving 
up $4.9 billion in wages and 
benefits tar their stake in the 
_ for labor 
peace as it launches a second, 
low-fare airline. 

“For too long United has 
been anything but united,” said 
Gerald Greenwald, who will 

uvuuiu ;ui I I IU1I fllBkU UJ 

airline. Through employee t 
ership, UAL is aimin g for 1 

O Werrqbonal Herald Tribw* 

French Bank 



Compiled by Ow Staff From Dispatcher 

PARIS — A French parlia- 
mentary inquiry into the tur- 
moil at Credit Lyonnais, the na- 
tion’s largest commercial hawir, 
said Tuesday that connivance 
between bank officers and poli- 
ticians left the bank out of con- 
trol and prey to crooks and ad- 

In a 1,000-page report, a gov- 
ernment c ommissi on revealed 
how Credit .Lyonnais came to 
post a 6.9 billion French franc 
($1 3 biBum) 1993 loss, the larg- 
est in French Hanking history, 
following a 1.8 billion franc loss 
in 1992. 

It was, said National Asstan- 
bly president and commission 

See LYONNAIS, Page 12 

Hicks, Muse Leads $1 Billion Takeover 

Compikd by Oir Staff Fnm Dispatcher 

NEW YORK— In its largest 
deal to date, Hicks, Muse, Tate 
ft Furst said Tuesday that it 
and other investors would ac- 
quire Dallas-based Home Inte- 
riors ft Gifts Inc. for SI billion. 

Home Interiors sells decora- 
tive and gift items through di- 
rect rnail and has annual retail 
sales of more than $850 tnflli rm 

Under die agreement, Hicks 
Muse will buy a 51 percent eq- 
uity stake in Home Interiors, 
die cas h component of which 
wQl be provided by the Hicks 
Muse Equity Fund EL 

The remaining 49 pencenl is 
to be acquired by members of 
the Crowiey-Carter family, 
g randchildr en of Home Interi- 
ors' founder, Mary Crowley. 

The direct-sales company 
currrently is controlled by Mrs. 


'Lion’ a Merchandise King 

By Sallie Hofmrister 

New fork Times Service 

L OS ANGELES— The Burger King 
on the edge of Hollywood is usually 
dead cm Sundays. But in recent 
weeks the staff has hardly had time 
to sweep the kitchen floor. Since the store 
hung cartoon banana leaves from the ceaBng 
a pd began packing its “Kids Meals” with toy 
characters from Disney’s new animated film, 
“The lion King,” its Sunday sales have dou- 
bled and increases during the week have been 
even more spectacula r . 

“We used to sell 45 to 70 Kids Meals a- 
day,” said Carlos E. Meza, the store's assis- 
tant manager. “Now we’re doing 220 to 300.” 

Burger Kings across the country are enjoy- 
ing a gTTTTifar response as “The Lion King" 

box-office hit, but also a merchandising 
nanza for the army of marketers that signed 
up for tie-ins with Walt Disney Co. 

Since opening June 24 to a wide audience in 

the United States, the children’s adventure 
has grossed $150 million. Only “Jurassic 
Park” readied that lcvd faster. 

Io addition to being a top movie, *The Lion 

King” has riven Disney its first No. 1 sound- 
track since “Mary poppins” 30 years ago, not 
to mention the sales of books and other mer- 
chandise and the promise of profits frean the 
home video and the video game. Disney is 
also using the story to lure visitors to its 
theme parks and retail stores. 

Jessica J. Rcaf, an analyst at Oppenhenner 
ft Co said the movie would represe nt 51 
billion in profits for Disney over two or three 
years. “This is going to break all records, of 
all time.” she said. 

Companies such as Burger King Corp. that 

paid Disney for promotional and licensing 
tie-ins to the movie are also feeling flush. The 
clothes, candy, toys, games, sleeping bags, 
toothbrushes, sheets, lunch boxes, stuffed an- 
imals and other products produced under 
those agreements are sailing off store shelves, 
leading sane retailers and licensing special- 
ists to predict that “The lion Kin g” may 
become one of the biggest movie merchandis- 
ing successes of all time, too. 

“IT1 go out on a limb and say $1 billion of 
merchandise win be sold in 1994,” said Ira 
Mayer, publisher of The Licensing Letter in 
Brooklyn, which tracks licensing sales. 
“That’s in <»ly six months,” Mr. Mayer said. 
“Jorasric Park,” the movie-merchandising 
monster of 1993, took longer to achieve that 
level of success. . 

Sales of Kida Meals by the Burger King 
chain have tripled since it started giving away 
the seven plastic movie figurines with the 
meals on June 20. In addition to Burger King, 
Disney's biggest licensees are Mattel, Kodak, 
Nestl6 and Payless Sboesource, an arm of 
May Department Stores. 

Mattel said it expected its stuffed animals 
and action figures based on the main charac- 
ters to have a longer selling life than those 
from “Aladdin” and “Beauty and the Beast,” 
because they are being released in the summer 
and are expected to sell until Christmas. 
“Aladdin” and “Beamy arid the Beast” were 
released just before Christmas. 

Ttys Tfc* Us, which carries more than 200 
“Lion King” products from Mattel and other 
manufacturers at its 581 stores, said the line 
was doing extremely wdL “We to ve the high- 
est expectations for the lunch boxes this faXL” 

See UON, Page 13 

Delays Issue 
Of ChinaStock 

Complied by Ow Staff From Dispatcher 

HONG KONG — China’s 
state-owned Shanghai Haixing 
Shipping Co. has postponed its 
planned sale of shares on the 
Hong Kong market because of 
adverse market conditions, 
Morgan Grenfell Asia (Hong 
Kong) Ltd. said Tuesday. 

Chinese stocks have taken a 
hammering this year, in con- 
trast to the surge they recorded 
when the country allowed list- 
ings to begin in 1993. 

The failure of Shanghai 
Haixing, a state-owned ship- 
png company, to sell a 435 
percent stake in itself to inves- 
tors followed a poor trading de- 
but by Luoyang Glass Co., 
which fell 20 percent below its 
issue price when share began 
changing hands on Friday. 

Separately, Shandong Huan- 
eng Power Development Co. 
filed with the U.S. Securities 
and Exchange Commission to 
sell 23.4 million American de- 
positary receipts at $13 to $17 
each. ADRs represent foreign 
stocks that are traded in the 
U.S. domestic market. The util- 
ity would be the first Chinese 
company to have its primary 
listing on the New Yoik Stock 
Exchange and its issue would be 
the largest international equity 

See CHINA, Page 16 

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tngsiZurtcb and How York mrtftinp amtclos- 
km prices: new yw amex tAagust! 
Source; Reuters. 


Crowley’s son, the real estate 
investor Donald Carter. Mr. 
Carter also owns the Dallas 
Mavericks basketball team 

Mr. Carter will retain an 
ownership position in the com- 
pany, although he will step 
down as president and chief ex- 
ecutive, Hicks, Muse said. 

“As I began to plan for my 
retirement and the eventual set- 
tlement of my estate, I wanted 
to ensure that the legacy created 
by my mother nearly four de- 
cades ago would cany on to the 
next generation of the Crowiey- 
Carter family,” said Mr. Carter, 
who will be 61 this month. 

In recent months, Mr. Carter 
has sold other family interests as 
well, incl uding a car dealership 
and a bank in the Dallas area. 

Home Interiors, however, is 
one of the largest pieces of his 
real estate, manufacturing and 
sports empire. The company 

makes and distributes accessory 
9 ft items, such as mirrors, pic- 
tures, figurines and sconces. The 
items are sold directly to con- 
sumers through a network of 
42,000 independent sales agents. 

Thomas HickS, rhammm of 
Hicks, Muse; said the deal. would 
be partially financed by tire issu- 
ance of $300 million of high- 
yield bonds. An additional $400 
rmHion is to be raised from 


Mr. Hicks noted that this was 
the fifth deal since November 
drawing on the Hides Muse Eq- 
uity Fund H. He said a deal 
announced recently to buy a ra- 
dio station group is expected to 
dose in September. (Bloomberg, 
Knight- Ridder, Reuterrs) 

■ DU Acquires Kafr. 

DU Merchant Banking Part- 
ners LP, a unit of Equitable 

Cos., said it would acquire Katz 
Media Corp., which sells na- 
tional advertising for television 
and radio stations, for about 
$287 million, news agencies re- 

DU, a part of securities firm 
Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette 
Inc., is buying Katz while in the 
process of selling four tdevision 
stations for more than $700 mil- 
lion, which would bring it a 
profit of about $360 million. 

Meanwhile. Northrop Grum- 
man Corp. said it would acquire 
the re maining 51 percent inter- 
est it does not own in Vought 
Aircraft Co. from Carlyle 
Group LP for $130 million. 

In another major deal Ameri- 
can Brands Inc. announced the 
sale of its British subsidiary Dol- 
lond ft Atchison Group PLC for 
nearly $146 million to CVC 
Capital Partners Ltd. (AP, 
Bloomberg, Knighl- Ridder) 

take over as chairman from Ste- 
phen Wolf. “Our mission be- 
gins with making the new Unit- 
ed something the employees 
can count on just as the compa- 
ny counts on them.” 

The buyout pays existing 
shareholders S84.81 in cash a 
share and allows them to contin- 
ue to own 45 percent of UAL 
The company’s shares finished 
at $127. 125. down $2,625, on the 
New York Stock Exchange. 

The buyout is aimed at en- 
abling United to better compete 
with lower-cost airlines. Chica- 
go-based UAL lost $50 million 
last year. 

UAL said Tuesday it earned 
a net $107 million in the second 
quarter of this year, up sharply 
from the $30 million earned in 
the comparable 1993 quarter. 

Approval of the proposal 
ends a seven-year quest by Un- 
ited’s pilots for majority em- 
ployee ownership. United’s 
flight attendants are not part of 
the ownership group. 

Mr. Wolf said there would 
have been “tens of thousands” 
of employee layoffs if the 
buyout had not gone through. 

United will attack Southwest 
Airlines Co.’s West Coast fran- 
chise on Ocl 1 by converting 82 
daily flights between 14 West- 
ern cities to its low-cost opera- 
tion. By December, the pro- 
gram will expand to 143 daily 
flights. Within five years, it is 
expected to represent 20 per- 
cent of United's system. 

The U.S. administration, 
which has promoted employee 
ownership, welcomed the vote. 

“If this experiment pays off 
in the way UAL shareholders 
anticipate it will, then we may 
see many more large companies 
owned and ran by their employ- 
ees,” said Robert Reich, the la- 
bor secretary. 

Currently, about 80 percent 
of U AL’s stock is controlled by 
mutual funds and pension 
funds. (AP, Bloomberg, AFX) 

Banking Clients Have Always Expected 
Outstanding Personal Service. 
Today They Find It With Us. 

D uring the Renaissance, 
trust J advisors helped 
administer the finances 
and protect rhe interests of private 
individuals. The role demanded 
judgment, commitment and skill. 

Today, clients find chat same 
personal service at Republic 
National Bank. We believe that 
banking is more about people than 
numbers. It's about the shared val- 
ues and common goals that forge 
strong bonds between banker and 

client. It's also about building for 
the future, keeping assets secure 
for the generations ro come. 

This client focus has contrib- 
uted to our leading position in 
private banking. As a subsidiary 
of Safra Republic Holdings S.A. 
and an affiliare of Republic New 
York Corporation, we're part of 
a global group with more than 
US$5 billion in capital and more 
than US$50 billion in assets. 
These assets continue ro grow 

substantially, a testament to the 
group’s strong balance sheets, risk- 
averse orientation and century-old 

All banks in the group are 
locally managed, attuned to the 
language and culture of their cus- 
tomers. They share a philosophy 
that emphasizes lasting relation- 
ships and mutual trust. Those 
values were once the foundation 
of banking. At Republic, they 
have been and always will be. 



Timeless values. Traditional strength. 

OUAi DU MONT- BLANC i BRANCHES: LUGANO 6901 ■ 1. VIA CAMMA - TEi_ <091 1 23 35 32 ■ ZURICH 8039 ■ STOCKER ST RASSE 37 ■ TEL <01 1 288 18 18 ■ 


Page 12 


Blue Chips Rally 
From Early Slump 



Daity closings a# the 
Dow Tories industrial average 

Bloomberg Business News 

NEW YORK — U^. stocks 
overcame early losses Tuesday 
as a recovery in the dollar 
helped bonds gain. The re- 
bound in bonds occurred alter a 
government report showed 
wholesale prices last month 
showed no rise. 

The recovery in the market 
was fueled in part by a gain in 
Motorola’s share price of5K, or 
12 percent, to 50%, after the 

U.S. Stock* 

company issued better-than-ex- 
pected earnings. 

The Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage rebounded to 3,702.66, 
down 0-33, after dropping early 
in the session by as much as 
30.75 points. 

‘The producer price index 
number this morning is astound- 
ingly positive,” said Will Wein- 
stein, head of trading at Genesis 
Merchant Group Securities in 
San Francisco. “People are ex- 
pecting more inflation than 
we’re likely to get over the short 

That came after the Labor 
Department said prices paid to 
factories, fanners and other pro- 
ducers were unchanged in June, 
the third straight month without 

an increase and lower than econ- 
omists’ forecast of a 0.3 percent 
advance. Excluding volatile food 
and energy prices, the producer 
price index fell 0.1 percent. 

The yields on the govern- 
ment's benchmark 30-year Trea- 
sury bonds fell to 7.68 percent 
from 7.72 percent on Monday. 
The fall in bond interest rates j 
was limited, however, by weak- ' 
ness in the dollar, which made 
internationally minded investors 
wary of US. assets- 

Advancing and declining 
stocks were evenly matched on 
the New York Stock Exchange, 
where volume totaled 251.89 
million shares, up from 27.7-29 
mOlion shares an Monday. 

Technology stocks were ini- 
tially hurt by the semiconductor 
industry’s report on new chip 
orders in June. The book-to-biD 
ratio showed chip makers got 
$108 in new orders for every 
$100 of goods shipped last 

“That’s slightly on the nega- 
tive tide, but it’s not too unusual 
during the summertime,” when 
demand typically slackens, said 
Don Hays, market strategist at 
Wheat First Butcher Singer. 

Such views helped Intel to re- 
cover 1/64 to 60% after falling to 

Dow Jones Averages 

Indus 37DL87 367223 3702.M -OJ3, 

Trcns 1SM.D IML71 1573.17 1SS3.10 -022 
Ulfl 181.1? 181.1? 179*1 179*7 —0.99 
Comp J 234.9! 123443 127X97 77*240 —tLSH 

! Standard A Poor’s Induas 

. Metals 

•/. V . 





HI* Uw CltM Oft* 
522SJ SMS SOJO +<U3 i 
aw 38&U 3*263—003 ' 
1504 1&77 15X37 —047 
4445 4408 4424 — 0.17 
440.14 44445 *ffM— ail | 
41U1 41V92 41554 +0J4 

NYSE Indexes 

F M A M.J <1 

r-vt m?.. 

NYSE Most Actives 

Camcositc VOSS 24S.99 34747 — nin 

te d WEMS 305 dn 323.1? 30545 *032 

Trump. 94259 34). I) 34255 +CM 

UMBy 30403 30243 20324 -046 

Rncn u t 209X7 20U 204*5 — Q S2 

NASDAQ Indexes 

fiRRsq KI w- ■ 

seat 1SOJO 157150 1979 on 1Q40B 

raword ■ 153400 153700 15400 154100 

Doom par awtrlc MB . _ 

Spat 20100 243X05 20650 242050 

Krnard 344U0 245088 244400 244500 


DoBon per metric tm 

Spot 3150 SBja 5B4JO 58550 

Forworn sm*o 58700 «xun 40100 


Dri fan nr stable ton • ■ 

SP# 627550 BUM S2SSM BUM 

Forward 434500 437000 435000 635506 



S»at 534500 535SOO 511500 S32SOO 

Forward . 50500 542500 53ROO 540000 

ZMC GMtcM hK»«rkm) 

DcBon par mstric tea 

Spot 34350 94450 M150 96250 

Fermatf 9B600 96900 9BO0 96400 





70650 TtOJB 70850 *107 
719.2! 715*9 719.27 *122 
764.06 76053 762.3? *0.13 
B9U5 38352 3*9 JQ *102 ! 
927+5 92+29 924*8 —2.15 , 
490*7 6*4*0 4*9*6 *002 

Motoric s 















H&t LOW 
MW 66V* 
28* 28W 
3146 30 

491k 47fc 
2BW 246h 
»<6 MW 
18% 1766 

53 50 V* 

5336 nu 
2446 24 

36 3416 

3S 1 /* 36 

3*86 3M6 
2966 29 
2716 2616 

AMEX Most Actives 

LYONNAIS: Prey to Pirates 























1 *U 







3989 7m 




3819 31M 










1 V M 








Continued from Page H 
member Philippe Segum, the re- 
sult of “a bulimia of investment 
and acquisition” that was “of- 
ten without any proper risk as- 

Francois d’Aubert, secretary 
to the commission and author 
of a recent book on Credit Ly- 
onnais’s most dubious loans, 
described some of the bank’s 
partners as “sometime crooks, 
often buccaneers, on whom it 
sought predous little informa- 
tion” lured “by die prospect of 

* I 1 . n 

, quick buck.” 
Initiated in 

Initiated in the mid-1980s, 
Credit Lyonnais's aggressive in- 
vestment strategy was taken up 
and amplified by Jean- Yves 
Haberer, the former head of the 
French Treasury who was 
named to head the bank in 1989 
by the socialist government. 

The commission said that 
Credit Lyonnais’ transforma- 
tion from a conservative institu- 
tion into a liberal spender hap- 
pened agains t a backdrop of a 
general erosion of ethical stan- 
dards and the desire to make 
fast money. 

Mr. S£guin, who chaired the 
12-member inquiry commis- 
sion, said that Mr. Haberer s 
honesty and ethics were beyond 

acumen was not Mr. d’Aubert, 
meanwhile, stressed that the re- 
sponsibility for Credit Lyon- 
nais’ demise was not Mr. Ha- 
berets alone. 

Mr. d’Aubert also had blame 
for Bank of France Governor 
Jean-Oaude Tricbet, who until 
last summer headed the French 
Treasury, as well as a succession 
of ministers, particularly the 
late Prime Minuter Pierre Bfcrfc- 
gevoy, a Socialist. 

Mr. B6r6govoy committed 
suicide in the spring of 1993 
after his government was 
ousted from power. 

“There was a triangular re- 
sponsibility,” said Mr. Aubert 
There “was a connivance” so 
that “Credit Lyonnais could 
hold a special place in the 
French banking system.” 

The report’s summary was 
particularly harsh toward the 
international division of the 
bank, which has accounted for 
about 30 percent of the bank’s 
balance sheet, and toward its 
director from 1985 to 1992, 
Alexis Wolkenstezn, who “had a 
key part in the failings of Credit 
Lyonnais Bank Nederland,” an 
affiliate active in film invest- 
ments. ( Bloomberg, AP) 

NASDAQ Most Actives 







48 U. 








— 1'.4 














♦ 144 




♦ I'Vu 




30 Ik 





38 V* 







♦ IV. 





♦ 1% 






♦ 194 








33 V, 



♦ %. 





I AMEX Stock Index 

Dow Jonos Bond Ai 

20 Bond* 

IB httntrtab 


Unc han ged 
Total wsues 
New Lews 

NYSE Diary 

Total issues 


New Lows 

AMEX Diary 

, Advanced 


! Unchanged 
Tod* issues 
New Mohs 
New Laws 

Spot Commodities 

C — r Today 

A/umfiMn, r& 069 

Coffee. Bniz.Bi 1341 

Conger etetfroiyttc. *j L14 

Iron FOB. tan 2TL0Q 

Lend, it *3» 

Sliver, hwa 5*75 

Sort (scran), fen TZL0B 

Tin, |b go, 

ZMcta (14664 


(MOSM-ntSef MBpet 
SeB 94*4 9440 9443 + 0*3 

Dec 9171 93*4 9159 + 0$ 

< i*° r 3J Og BB +099 

Joe 9164 925* 92*4 + 6.13 

na n« tin +0.M 

Dec 91 J6 91JI 9U7 + 8J3 

9M0 91*1 +413 

Jun 91JB 9L22 91*3 + 0.16 

mm 9LT4 9i*i 9i.i4 +a.r* 

Dee an 90*0 90.91 +0.18 

Mffl- 9075 9061 9074 + 018 

Jen TOM 90*4 90*2 + 0.19 

Ed- volume: 641*6. Onsn k*: «t7M. 

SI aunkm - pts of we erf 
Sag 94*9 MSB MAT +002 

Dec 93*9 93*8 9X90 +QJQ 

Mar MX NX. 93*1 +(UQ 

Jon N.T. N.T. 93*1 +0*2 

See NT. N.T. 93*6 +0*1 

Est volunie: 361. Omn 40BL 



‘ , Industrie* „ 

wad Lew Lost Sattte Ctfg* 
GASOIL OPE) . . . 

U-5. doners per metric leu l ets 
M 153*0 151*0 15Z5Q 

An 14075 1512 159*9 

See - 1025 istS teus 

tSr ■ w+sa wt® 

D*C 169.35 164J3 168*0 

Jfe MMS 16U0 167.25 

Ft* .149.56 1050 1050 

Mar W7J5 167 JS T6f JS 
Aer 1*425 16425 U425' 

May N.T. N.T. ».T. 

Est. vetome: 22*80. Opwtl 


(IX dnltomr hamHMS ef 1AM Rtarafe 
Aut Ufl UN 1X27 UL21+0J*, 

Sep M*r 17 JT I7J0 1758 +XTf 

Oci ' 17*1 775B 1750 175S +0.1^ 

M*V , 1758 IMP 1759 1757 +IZT 

DK . 1758 17*6 UM 1758 +057 

S ! 7*0 17*7 ■ 1727 UJt +0*6, 
n*0- 17*1 I75B 17^» +*34- 
MW 17.19 17.17 17.17 TXB +051. 

AOf 1X90 nfll 1X3/ ■ +6dfi 

S«P Kir 17 Jl 1758 1758 +XTf 

Oa • 17*1 1750 1750 1758 + 0.19s 

MW , 1758 IMP 1759 1757 + 85 T 

DOC . 1758 17*6 1758 1758 +0*7 

S 17-40 17*7- 17*7 17J8 +0*6, 

1750- 17*1 I75B T75CT +034- 

MW 17.19 17.17 17.17 1X2S +031. 

Aar ■ 1704 17.13 17.14 17*1 ,+032- 

Est voAaw: 05M.- Oeen fnL W2587 

• -■— * C - ■ «■ 

.... Stock Indexaa 

Bsxda ~ d ~ !W : 

S4» Jp 2M&0 297DJ9 —27* 

Dec ■ 30165 S3* . 29795 —245 1 

EsL vaftjroe: 20*15. Open InL: 51*77? 

CM4»(*MTIF) _..V, 

100*8 ‘ —IBS 

s s «- sss 

WC T9TL3B 1967 JB 7992*. —7*0 

MW ■ 201450 *816*0 • 2DTL5X++— 7*0 » 

Est.vcdurne: M593L (Men loL: 0577. , . 
S ources: Motif, Aesac/g/cd l Vr»**,+ 


74) .*■). 
*09 *-«J| 

1S93 1454 

1445 1*47 

2001 1962 

5059 5063 

57 67 

1Z3 130 

Oose Piev. 

1072 1023 

1020 1165 

733 654 

2845 2842 

at 27 

86 86 

I x 5954 

BPPrutfSoyRyJ X 5954 

Bufetelnd x jbe 

xfeDprax omouot perADR. 

OCharfeys loc 3 for 3wBL 


Inrt Paper Q *2 

Pancorp. " Q *915 


JsrSj i'tc c Jx 

Wevorb— user Co Q 30 


Affiant to Buy Hercules Ufflt v 

it would buy Hercules Ina> aerospace business for 5469 mflbo^ 

^JfeStsM^'afe M6 

shares — the number to be issued to Hercules — alter ute 
Sition this year. Affiant Tacteystems omeetljr ... 

has 102 nriffion share* outstanding-. ■ j^il' 

^othmov^ffle intended to help: Aliiant win a proxy tattle, 
aramst Capstey Farti&V&n investment partnerwip, ad an*. 

CapitilEL Capstay adta aDi»own 48 
perc^of Affiant’s common stock ad are sedting to iqplace sue 
of Affiant's mne directois. : 

Rndg^ne/^i^K Strike ^ 

. AKRON, Ohjo<AF> —Workers at Bri^estone/ ^cstooc Inc,^ 
tire plants in five states went on strike Tuesday after facing to^- 
reachacontract with tbepareof Bridgestone CMp. 

; About 4^00 membereaf the UnitcdRubber WoA«s unrnnm., 
IBinois, Iowa, Oklahoma, Indiana and Ohio walked Off the job, 
^akLCtizt Brown, a union sp okesman- Talks broke off Sunday and 
• not sew talks.'weic scheduled. • - . . ■», t— 

Brkkestohe/Firestone, with headquarters in NastmUe, T«- - 
newe^hflsrSused to discuss contract specifics but has denied-^ 
_ad^!gfci;wagec¥mc^swwis,.as the umon alleges.. - _ 

UiS Deficit Forecaslat«220Baiion "i 

■i — The CT.S. administration 

Tuesday prcncctcd afiscBd year 1994 federal budget deficit of $220? 
billion, J5 bflHion bd&^ = the' gap forecast by L coo Psmetta. 

and Budge, saidl^ 

defick'fbr fiscad !995^W»B^ns-OcL 1, would narrow to $167 
biBian. Mr. Ptmetta in June had-picgectcd a $170 biffion fiscal^ 
I99ydeficiL ■ 

TO' budget office contended that President Bill CHnton’^ 
economic plan is hugely responsible for catting the deficits asa>S 
perc entage qf gross domestic product to an estimated 2.4 percents 

*49 MS 
T42 K 

^ g 

749 849 

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>*C 94*9 nst 94*7 +0.17 

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every Saturday 
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for 1995 from AS percent n| 1992. ” _ i *■- 

Alice Rhdin, i»ho w£H ' take over the post vacated by Mr. 
Panetta, said the Whitp House forecast for interest rates this yeax$». 
would be+revised upvfvrd from the forecast issued in February.- 1 
She did not say how large the upward revision would be but shd v 
<Bd say the rates do not threaten to raise UJS. budget deficits in the 
short term b e em m tbey would be offset by increased tax revenues J j 
stamp in g' from vigoroiK econogHCgowtii- %•»* 

Killer fires LonffioiiOplioiis Trader^ 

Tobacco Sales Lilt Earnings at Philip Morris 

. NEW YORK (AP).— Kidder, Peabody Group Inc. fired a... 
London options ttadef for 'aDi%edly bxting S6 milli on in losses on,^, 
trades m-French bonds, Kidder execu-^' 

tiyes .said Tuesday* Tht trader, P«er N. J. Bryant, 34, was fired 
Jnty l, saidTany 7>b?Stgf fa~Kidder ^okesman. ^ 

Kidder, a usot of GeafiEftf Bectxip Co, will take a $10 million ; 
pretax wrke^ownin ^Stopadanarter to account for the trading . 
proUems, |p«id Tohn T jWna* ; ^fie 'firm’s general counsel The * 
company, which does not«wsatiy i<3ease its profit figures, said it 

p rei/yf w 1 T^fltygrfor, the. quarter. > 

Reached Tuesday in Mrf Bryant wouTd not comment \ 

oth^*‘ffi£irito sayi'the', maife^v^isr^OTiplex^ and would have i 
“repexcussiemsiu ; 

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Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Philip Morris Cos. said 
Tuesday its earnings rose 17 percent in the 
second quarter, led by strong results from 
its worldwide tobacco business, as the to- 
bacco and food conglomerate recovers 
from last year’s profit-sapping cigarette 
price war. 

Philip Morris said its overall share of the 
domestic cigarette market and the share 
captured by its best-selling brand Marl- 
boro were at record levels. 

“Our worldwide tobacco business has 

never beat in better shape, and our North 
American food and beer badnesses con- 
tinue to perform strongly compared with 
the competition,” said chief executive 
Geoffrey C Bible. 

PhiSp Morris earned Sl-23 billion in the 
three months ended June 30. compared 
with $1.05 billion a year ago. Revenue for 
theqnaiter rose 4 percent, to $16.4 billion. 

The results were slightly above analysts’ 

The company also announced it had 
repurchased 7.7 million shares at a cost of 

$386 nuUiou in the quarter, raising its 
buybacks for the year to .12.4’ mflEon 
diares for $639 mill k m 

Operating income m domestic tobaopq, 
climbed 25-5 percent, to $858 million, id 
the quarter as revenue rose 73 percent, -to 
$2.9 billion. 

The company said its profit from US. 
tobacco was the highest since the company 
triggered an industry price warm defease 
of Marlboro’s market share in the spring af 
1993, when it cut the price of Mariboros by 
20 percent /AP, Bhomberg) 

Ofivetostttditouai«fSrif«^mafc Gwp-, Chemical Bank 
Corn- anrf HtctrbStfqj^ta Systems-Corp. were linking up with < 
San Fraadsco-ba^Db^aH^ to birpd c^octrcaac machines to sell ; 
plane and train tickets inthe TJuitcd States.- ... 

Prii^^'k tSirii^ ^'fii^wg^ ^nvjoTri . T TTf rir iTiaridie along with the ' 

i tfeHary Machines Carp. The new ( 

CQtnp jmy wfll wmimge all of HreDf S riaf* and information and Will < 
offer its servic^s to dther coii^piniesin Italy and abroad. -g* 

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Scrabble Battle 
Wraps Up With 
Mattel on Ton 

LONDON — Maud Inc. 
outplayed its U.S. rival Hasbro 
Inc. in the battle for control of 
the British company J W 
%fear & Sons PLC, which owns 
the rights to the Scrabble board 
game outside North America. 

Mattel, Which makes Baibie 
dolls, raised its cash offer to 
£U .50 a share ($1 8X valuing the 
company at £62 million and 
baitmg the £573-nuffioh offer 
from Hasbro, which makes Cin- 
dy dolls. 

Spear's directors and family 
trustees have pledged 2,695,000 
shares, or .51, ,2jperceat of the 
company, to. Maud, ensuring 
that it won the battle 

^‘We are delighted that the 
board of Spear has Tecornmen d- 
ed onr revised offer and that 
shareholders owning more 
50-percent of the company w]} 
accept it,” said John Amennan, 
the chairman of MatleL 

^ Hasbro owns the North 
American rights to Scrabble, as 
well as 26.7 percent of Spear. 

'A Hasbro sp okesman said 
that although the company lost 
the takeover battle, it would real- 
ize a “substantial gain” by sell- 
ing its stake in Spear to Mattel 

TWe believe the Mattel offer 
is.vay generous and above a 
IcVd which we could justify in 

business terms," «airi Norman 
Walker, die president of Has- 
bro International. “Weare vety 
pleased at the outcome for afi 
shareholders, and we will, of 
course, realize a. substantial 
gain on own investment, whiefr 
wemade in 1990." 

Hasbro launched a £469 xu3- 
Eon hostile takeover, bid for 
Spearin June, which Mattel-then 
topped with a £52 ipilH o p offer. 
Hasbro raised the stakes last 
week to £573 million, and Mat- 
tel topped that bid this week. 

. Z • 

stKxn would help Mauri’s posi- 
tion in the game-borad market. ■ 
Mattel already owns Uoo. the 
wcaid’s .top-sriSng table game. 
Mr. Amerman smd Spear would 
become Maori’s base for board- 
games worldwide while provid- 
ing a wider outlet for Scrabble. 

"Our worldwide marketing 
organization in 34' countries 
will help to grow theSpear mar- 
keting base,” he said. 

Francis Spear, the chairman 
of Spear, raid he was happy 
with the revised offer, which he 
called “fair and reasonable.” 

About 3J .m31ion copies of 
Scrabble sold w orldwide last 
year, half of them in the United 
States and Canada. r 

1 . (AP, Bloomberg, AFX) 

.KPN Stock IssueLimited 

TheAssodated Press . . 

AMSTERDAM — The banking syndicate conducting the 
initial public offering of shares in Koninklijke PTT Neder- 
land NV said Tuesday it would not exercise its option to float 

an additional 20.7 tmlKnn shares. 

ABN Amro Holding NY. said the uncertain riimafr- on the' 
Amsterdam Stock Exdian^ was aibetor in the deririon hot 
to sell the additional allocation. - 
, On. Tuesday, KPN shares dosed at 48.80 guilders, down 
from the initial offering price of 49.75, 

TJ 1 * syndicate's decision means the Dutch government, 
.which is selling off its shares in the state postal and triecoin- 
■munications monopoly a tranche at a time, will nc>t collect 
about 1.03 billion guilders (£595 mzBzon) that would have 
rbeen generated if the option had been exercised. - - 
In June, 138.15 million shales were floated in the initial 
offering <rf one-third of KPN. . 


Dollar’s Fall Spells Low Profits 

Page 13 

Bloomberg Btatness Hews 

LONDON — la late April, 
the chief. executive of Mer- 
cedes-Benz AG, Helmut Wer- 
ner, strode into a meeting 
ovajoyed -with a big bank's 
latest forecast: The dollar was . 
heading toward 1.80 Deutsche 
marks from 1.66 by year-end. 
an increase that would add 
400 miTHnn DM ($262 mil- 
lion) to the revenue of Mer- 
cedes' North American car 

Mr. Werner is not over- 
joyed anymore. . 

‘ With the dollar having fall- 
en about -percent against 
the marie in the past six weeks 
and declining ag ainst o ther 
major European currencies, 
the profits of multinational 
companies tint depend on the 
U.S. market are under threat 

Largecompanies across Eu- . 
rope, such as Mercedes's par- 
ent Daimler-Benz AG in Ger- 
many, Elf Aquitaine in 
France, and Hanson PLC in 
Britain do as ranch as 50 per- 
cent of their business in U.S. 

- dollars. When the dollar falls, 
profit can follow. 

“IPs in denature of UJC 
public companies to have big 
mtarnational exposure," said 
Rob Buddand, European eq- 
uity strategist at Natwest Se- 
curities Ltd. “Some 25 percent 
of the earnings of U.K. listed 
companies come from the 
U^, so the dollar most have a 
very important impact" 

British companies’ total ex- 
posure to swings in the dollar 
can be even higher. Currencies 
in many Asian areas, such as 

Report Hits Roche Stock 


ZURICH — Roche Holding AG disappointed stock mar- 
kets on Tuesday by reporting a lower-th an -expected sales rise 
for the first half of 1 994 but it forecast a profit increase for the 

The company, regarded as the most dynamic of Switzer- 
land’s three big chemicals and pharmaceuticals concerns, said 
sales in the first six months rose to 7.33 billion Swiss francs 
($6 billion) from 7.26 billion a year earlier. 

The increase inlocal currencies was 7.3 percent but it was 
only 2.4 percent in Swiss franc terms because of the franc’s 
Strength, against other currencies, particularly the dollar. 
Analysis had predicted an increase of 10 percent to 12 percent 
in local currencies and 5 percent to 6 percent in francs. 

Roche remained bullish about its outlook, repeating a May 
forecast that profit would surge this year, following last year's 
293 percent increase in group net income, to 2.48 billion 
Swiss francs 

After the news Roche’s dividend- right certificates plunged 
on the Zurich stock market to 5,670 Swiss francs a piece, 
down from 6,005 previously. 

Hong Kong, are pegged to the 
dollar to Drake trading easier. 
So when profits from Asian 
operations are included, some 
large British corporations 
wind up with 40 percent to 50 
percent of their earnings in 

The dollar’s decline has 
been long and steady. The 
U.S. currency has dropped 
1435 percent against the yen 
and 12.8 percent against the 
mark since the beginning of 
this year. On Tuesday, it fell 
to . a postwar low against the 

One bright spot forr Euro- 
pean companies is that the 

ravaged doUar allows them to 
go cm shopping sprees in 
America, snapping up compa- 
nies whose price tags have 
fallen along with the currency. 

British companies, for the 
most part, have been fortu- 
nate that the dollar has not 
fallen as much against the 
pound as it has against the 
mark or the yen. The pound is 
up only 3.5 percent against the 
dollar since June 1. 

In Germany, particularly in 

the auto industry, it's another 

Below 1.65 DM per dollar, 
carmakers do not easily make 

a profit on their exports to the 
ILS. and dollar-pegged Asian 
markets, said Joachim Bems- 
dorff, an analyst at Bank Ju- 
lius Baer in Frankfurt. 

“They lost money last year 
because of the exchange.” 
which averaged 1.65 DM to 
the dollar in 1993, Mr. Beros- 
dorff said. 

“You don’t see what they 
lost because the German par- 
ent sells at a loss to a U.S. 
subsidiary so that the subsid- 
iary can show a profit,” he 

Although Mercedes and 
German counterparts Bayer- 
ischc Motor en Werke AG and 
Porsche AG hedge against 
currency fluctuations, those 
hedges cover only six-month 
to nine-month periods. 

Fokker NV is another ex- 
ample of a company whose 
earnings will be significantly 
hurt by the weaker dollar be- 
cause while its production is 
based in Dutch guilders, air- 
craft sales are denominated in 

European oil companies are 
being hard hit by the dollar's 
decline, and ihear shares are 
reflecting slackening investor 
confidence in earnings pros- 
pects for the year. 

But securities analysts 
think the dollar's slide has 
more to do with trade prob- 
lems with Japan than with any 
fundamental weakness in the 
American economy. Analysts 
see the dollar bouncing trade 
against European currendes 
by the end of the year. 

HERBS: Alternative Medicines Manage a Recovery in Northern Europe 

Confined from Page 11 

it The same product may be 
called a pharmaceutical prod- 
uct in Germany, a food supple- 
ment in Britain, and a natural 
remedy in Scandinavia. 

Marketmghas further compli- 
cated their si tuation. Britain’s A. 
Nelson & Co, winch bills itself 
as the world’s oldest manufac- 
turer of homeopathic medicines, 
also daims to have been the first 
company to abandon the labd of 
^alternative” medicines. 

What, the manufacturers 
dr eam of is a day when people 
nmply call their products medi- 
cine, and drop the adjectives 

altogether. In some instances 
that has already happened. 

Lichtwer Pharma is one of a 
growing number of herbal drug 
makers to produce prescription 
versions of its over-the-counter 
drags. Those prescription ver- 
sions are fully licensed and have 
passed tests for their effective- 
ness to do such things as reduce 
cholesterol levels. 

Many of them are even avail- 
able free of charge under vari- 
ous national insurance plans in 
Continental Europe. 

The trend is positive even in 
Britain. “Pharmacists are be- 
coming more and more aware of 
herbal medicines and are getting 

tr ainin g in them and using 
them," said Beverly Parkin, 
spokeswoman for the Royal 
Pharmaceutical Society in Lon- 
don. “As far as pharmacists are 
concerned, a licensed medicine 
is a medicine.” 

Getting that lice use is the 
hard part. Unlike modern drug 
makers that spend on the re- 
search and development of new 
drugs, makers of alternative 
medicines across Europe are 
spending large sums of money 
on medica] research to prove 
that their often ancient reme- 
dies actually do work. 

While tiie trials of their medi- 
cines drag on, manufacturers of 

proper dosages. 
“If you anal 

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alternative medicines have 
spent heavily to try to give their 
over-the-counter products the 
look and fed of modem medi- 
cines. Herbal and homeopathic 
medicines increasingly come in 
neat white boxes that contain 
sealed tamper-proof bottles or 
blister packs replete with warn- 
ings about expiration dates and 

“If you analyze a homeo- 
pathic medicine in a lab, it wiD 
seem identical to a placebo,” 
said Mr. Lockie. With dilutions 
of its active ingredients so min- 
ute as to be undetectable, the 
workings of homeopathic prod- 
ucts are not understood. 

Very briefly; 

El Al Israel Airlines, the Israeli state air carrier, achieved a profit 
of S9.9 million during 1993 on revenue of $947 million. 

• ITT Coarp.’s Sheraton Hotels was given two seats on the six- 
person board of CSga Hotels SpA, the Italian hotel chain said. 
Sheraton is Ciga’s largest shareholder. 

• Electrolux AB, the Swedish commercial appliance concern, said 
it has entered into an alliance with Refrigeracao Parana SA, 
miring a 6 percent stake in the Brazilian appliance maker. 

• The Com missio n said it intended to take a favorable 

position on a joint venture between Messier-Bugatti SA, a unit of 
the French engine-maker Sneana, and U.S.-based B.F. Goodrich 
Ox, to develop and market wheels and brakes for Airbus aircraft. 

• RousseLUdaf, the French pharmaceutical company, will sell its 
headquarters in Paris for 815 milli on francs ($156 million). 

• United Sugar Ox, a Saudi-British consortium, has signed con- 
tracts worth $1 19 million with TPL SpA for the Italian engineer- 
ing concern to design and build a sugar refinery in the Middle 
East, said Saudi Arabia’s Savoia Ox aft. Bloomberg, afx. Rsum 

EU Loosens China Toy Quota 

Comptied by Our Stag From Dispatches 

BRUSSELS — The European Commission on Tuesday pro- 
posed a 150 million European Currency Unit ($185 nulUon) 
increase in 1994 quotas on toy imports from China. 

The move is aimed at helping importers squeezed by an inade- 
quate quota agreed March 7, the commission said. 

The quota is one of only seven still applied on Chinese prod- 
ucts, compared with 4,700 national quotas on Chinese imports 
applied by member states before the ElTs single market became 
fully operational. 

Claire BoussagoL, secretary-general of the Toy Manufacturers 
of Europe, said the proposal was a24 percent increase over quotas 
set in March. 

(Reuters, AFX) 


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Continued from Page 11 
said Carol Fuller, a spokes- 

Kodak is giving away tickets 
to the movie to people who pur- 
chase six rolls of film. Nestlfe is 
selling chocolate bars molded in 
movie-scene shapes. In its first 
tie-in with Disney, Payless has 
shoes and accessories with 
“lion King" figures. 

One question being asked 
concerns what distinguishes 
“The Lion King^ from “Hook,” 
the 1991 release based on the 
Peter Pan story, whose mer- 
chandise bombed. Or from 
“The Little Mermaid," which 
reached the $1 billion mark 
only after it was released in 
home video. Or from its sum- 
mer competitor “The Flint- 
stones,” which passed $100 mil- 
lion ax the box office in late 
June but whose merchandise 
sates have not been nearly as 

“If s an instant classic,” Mr. 
Mayer said. “We haven’t had a 
huggable, lovable main charac- 
ter like this one in a very long 
time," he added, referring to 
Simba, the lion that grows in 
the film from cub to king. 

Unlike other Disney hits like 
“Beauty and the Beast,” “Alad- 
din,'* “Snow White” and “The 
Little Mermaid,” this movie ap- 
peals as much to boys and 
adults as to young girls. Indeed, 
a saleswoman at the Brentano’s 
book store in the Century City 

total sales for the “Aladdin” 


Disney said it expected all of 
the cross-promotion to bring 
people to its 200 retail stores, 
where Simba creations now 
take their place betide Mickey 
Mouse memorabilia. The com- 

Shopping Center said adults 
were buying the bound version 
of the story for themselves. 

One woman buying dinner at 
the Burger King on Sunset Bou- 
levard said she had collected all 
seven pint-sized characters 
from the fast food chain for 

For Disney, the movie is the 
bub of a marketing program 
that connects its book, movie, 
recording and theme park units. 
“They have the ability to capi- 
talize cm the synergies of (hear 
divisions better than any other 
company,” said Miss Rraf, who 
predicted Disney’s stock would 
rise to $65 a share over the next 
12 to 18 months, based on the 
strengths of “The Lion King.” 

Disney shares, which have re- 
ceived little lift from the movie 
because of investors’ fears 
about declining theme park at- 
tendance, dosed Monday at 
$42,125 each, down 25 cents. 

Disney will not provide de- 
tails, but analysts said that 
movie Licensers typically receive 
royalties of 7 to 10 percent of 
wholesale merchandise sales. 

In addition, Disney has its 
own spin-off products from the 
movie. It has shipped more than 
a million books to retailers, and 
last week “The Lion King" 
soundtrack landed aL the top of 
the Billboard charts when it 
sold 271,000 copies. Disney has 
already shipped more than 3 
million copies, on a par with the 


pany has created special pro- 
motions tied to the movie to 
keep the cars coming to Disney- 
■ land, which now has a “lion 
King” parade. 

For licensees, the frenzy — 
and fortunes — are more tem- 




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Page 14 


Master reading and language 


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Economics, Budinej# aiikTouticM 

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a nd Language 
with the Newspaper 


IN THE NEWS will help those 
perfecting their English to become 
independent and efficient readers. 
Through compelling news and feature 
stories, essays and editorials, you will not 
only explore thought-provoking 
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Related activities and exercises, 
developed by the editors of the NTC 
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The IN THE NEWS package, in a 
vinyl storage case, consists of: 

The Manual ( 160 pages) with 
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V-J sections: News, Opinion, Business, 
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Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou, Greece 
HE Ambassador Edward PD Djerejian, former US Awtorf 
Sexretaro ,4 State t\v Sear Fast* 

and Environment, Sports. 
Every article is followed by exercises to 
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points, vocabulary and idioms. Each 
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newspaper articles. 

^ Three audio cassettes with readings 
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China Scores 
Trade Surplus 
As Exports Rise 

Bloomberg Basinas Hem 

BEIJING — China scored fts 
first trade surplus in 16 months 
this June, cutting its trade defi- 
cit for the first half of the year 
to $820 million, compared with 
$3.49 billion in the first half of 
1993, a government agency re- 
ported Monday. 

China’s trade balance in June 
swung to a $970 milli on surplus, 
thanks to a strong recovery in 
exports of manufactured prod- 
ucts, especially textiles and 
electronics, the official Eco- 
nomic Daily said, quoting a 
Customs General Administra- 
tion report 

Exports in the first half 
soared 30.2 percent over the 
year-earlier period to $483 bil- 
lion, while imports climbed 21.1 
percent to $493 billion. 

“They seem to be doing very, 
very well indeed.” said Eliza- 
beth Cheng, a China analyst 
with the Wardley James Capel 
brokerage in Hong Kong. “A 
lot of people wonder how they 
have improved their trade fig- 
ures so quickly.” 

In 1993, China suffered a 
$12.1 billion trade deficit its 
first in four years, as the boom- 
ing economy swallowed up im- 
ports and provided an attrac- 
tive domestic market for 
exporters. Imports shot up 29 
percent while exports inched up 
just 8 percent 

The Chinese government has 
said it aims to bring inflation 
down to single digits, from a 20 
percent annual rate in the first 
four mouths of this year, and to 

achieve a rough balance be- 
tween imports and exports. 

Western economists in Beijing 
said the encouraging trade fig- 
ures were a sign that an econom- 
ic slowdown was sapping import 
demand while falling raw mate- 
rial prices are making Chinese 
exports more competitive. 

They added, however, that 
m ajor changes in China’s trade 
framework had blocked im- 
ports. Specifically, the abolition 
of the yuan's artificially strong 
official rate on Jan. 1 has cut 
into imports, they said. 

■ Growth Slows in Shanghai 

Shanghai’s economic growth 

slowed slightly in the first naif of 
1994, to 13.6 percent, as China's 
biggest city rat the effects of 
nationwide cooling measures, 
Agence France- Presse reported 
from Shanghai The city's GDP 
grew 14.9 percent last year. 

From January to June, 
Shanghai’s gross domestic 
product totaled 90 billion yuan 
($10.4 billion?. The city's ser- 
vice industry accounted for 35 
billion yuan. 

■ fire Woes in Guangdong 

The official China Daily re- 
ported that Guangdong prov- 
ince had the country’s worst fire- 
safety record, with fire damage 
growing at the rate of 80 percent 
a year for the past three years, 
Bloomberg Business News re- 
ported from Hong Kong. 

In the first half of the year, 
there were more than 700 “fire 
disasters ” in the province, the 
paper said. 

A Beleaguered Brewery 

Pakistan’s Murree Bucks Prohibition 


— M.P. Bhandara is a frus- 
trated man. He manufactures 
a product that many want but 
few can buy. He cannot ex- 
port nor advertise his wares, 
whose black-market price tri- 
ples within hours of leaving 
the factory. 

Mr. Bhandara is the chief 
executive of one of Pakistan's 
most curious anomalies: 
Murree Brewery Co. It is the 
only concern malting beer 
and spirits in this Islamic 
country, where alcohol is offi- 
cially banned for most of the 
population, but where de- 
mand is soaring. 

“The company has always 
lived a little precariously,” 
Mr. Bhandara wrote in his 
1993 annual report. “Deci- 
sions pertaining to liquor can 
be sudden and capricious.” 

Murree, founded in 1861, is 
the oldest company in Paki- 
stan. Legally, it can only sell 
its beer and spirits to non- 
Muslims through a few autho- 
rized dealers. It is not allowed 
to advertise its alcoholic prod- 
ucts or to export than, under a 
ban by the Council of Islamic 
Ideology, which extends even 
to its newest tine, nonalcoholic 

Mr. Bhandara, not surpris- 
ingly, feds that Pakistan's 
prohibition laws are unfair. 
“We feel that all countries, 
irrespective of religious affili- 
ation, should have access to 
some light intoxicant if they 
choose to do so,” he said. 

Many of Pakistan’s Mus- 

lims would agree. In upper- 
class homes, a shot of wtuskey 
or a cold beer are common 
fare. But. to Mr. Bhandara’s 
chagrin, the drink of choice for 
the well-heeled is often the im- 
ported, bootleg variety. Large 
amounts of foreign liquor are 
smuggled into Pakistan, by the 
container at Karachi’s port, or 
on caradback across loosely 
guarded borders. 

In lower economic classes. 

^P akistanis are 
more concerned 
with high 

alcohol than taste. 9 

M.P, Bhandara, chief 
executive of Murree 

however, which make up the 
bulk of Pakistan’s 100 million 
people, many will pay a pre- 
mium for a black-market bot- 
tle of Mr. Bhandara’s Murree 
lager or heavier Murree Clas- 

A single 30-rupee (95-cent) 
bottle of Murree Classic beer 
is available for . 100 rupees 
($3.18) in Islamabad’s black 
market on the evening of the 
day it leaves the factory, Mr. 
Bhandara said. 

“A lot of non- Muslims 
make a living out of selling 
liquor to Muslims, and Mus- 
lims employ non-Muslim ser- 
vants to obtain permits.” Mr. 
Bhandara explained. 

He estimated that hun- 

dreds of blhck-maiket opera- 
tors are making huge profits 
on Ms product He also said 
that “enforcement of- the Na- 
tional Prohibition Law. varies 
from province to province 
and is subject to tire law of 
whimsicality. ” 

A hurdle that Mr. Bhan- 
dara said .could be overcome 
was raising supply to meet 
d emand . To do this he has 
been forced to take legal ac- 
tion, because Mnnee’s pro- 
duction is limited by distillery 
laws forbidding more than 
one eight-hour shift a day. 

Mr. Bhandara last month 
won permission from Pun- 
jab’s Lahore High Court to 
lift a ban on a second shift for 
production of his popular 
nonalcoholic beers. 

That restoration sent profit 
soaring in 1993. “The compa- 
ny did better Iasi year than at 
any time in the past 50 years,” 
Mr. Bhandara said in the an- 
nual report 

. Munnee’s net profit was 
23.1 million rupees, com- 
pared with 13.9 million, the 
year before. Revenue rose. 41 
percent, to 387.6 milli on ru- 

"We can’t keep op with de- 
mand for nonalcoholic 
bens,” Mr. Bhandara said. 
"And the newly introduced 
Murree Classic beer has been 
a great success.” 

The high alcohol content of 
the rU«ic — launched last 
year — is its main selling 
point said Mmree’s chief 
brewer. "Pakistanis are more 
concerned with high alcohol 
than taste,” he said. 

Japanese Banks Warned CHINA: Weak Market Delays Shipper’s Stock Issue 

Canpikd by Oar Swff From Ddpaieha 

TOKYO — Japanese banks may need 10 years to clear bad 
debts if they faO to implement "drastic measures” and may face 
possible downgrades on bond ratings. Moody’s Investors Service 
Inc. said in a report 

Moody's said the absence of concerted government action had 
craned a situation where risks related to the profitability and 
solvency of some banks have grown. 

Moody’s said it now assigned an average A2 rating on bonds 
issued by Japanese banks, down from the average Aa2 in 1990. 

The Federation of B anker s Associations of Japan recently said 
the combined bad debts of Japanese hanks rose to 13.66 trillion 
yen ($J40 billion) in the year to March 1994. (Bloomberg AFX) 

Contained from Page 1 1 

offering by a Chinese concern. 

"There is still a tremendous 
amount of interest” in Chinese 
companies, even though shares 
of some have plunged from their 
peak of late last year, said Mary 
Yee, a Smith Barney Inc. ana- 
lyst . China “still offers huge 
growth potential” especially in 
companies that build the coun- 
try’s infrastructure, she said. 

That interest has not been 

apparent in Asia in recent 
weeks. The prices of class B 
shares in China, which are re- 
served for foreign investors, 
have fallen about 38 percent 
this year because of concerns 
about China’s economy and 
mounting debt problems at 
many state enterprises. 

On Tuesday, Morgan Grenfell 
said China’s State Administra- 
tion of Slate Property com- 
plained the planned price was 
too low. The agency said Tues- 

day that an issue price was not 
permitted to fall below the value 
of a company’s assets. Two pre- 
vious offers, however — by Kun- 
ming Machine Tool Co. and - 
Tianjin Bahai Chemical Indus- 
try Co. — were issued below the 
formerly stateKjwned compa- 
nies’ net-asset values. 

The state-owned cargo han- 
dler planned to seO 1.08 billion 
shares to fund expansion plans, 
including ship pur chase s 

( Bloomberg Reuters) 

NBC Plans 

TV in Asia 

Cvopiled ty Oir Staff Ron TtUpakheiy 

HONG KONG — National 
Broadcasting Ccl, . a unit of 
General Electric Co^ said Tues- 
day it would begin an Asian 
business news satellite tdevv 
sion service. It would-be the 
second such, service in the Aria- 
PatiJfic region. .■ 

NBC, which operates one of 
the four U.S. television net- 
works, said its Asian business 
service, ANBC, would start 
broadcasting at tire beginning 
of August to 15 countries in 
Southeast Aria. The service wBl 
feature business news program- 
ming from NBCsU.S-buaness 
news channel CNBC- 
ANBC wiD first be distributed 
thro ugh Australian Broadcast- 








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Bloomberg Buttaess ffeU/s *..v " - v , 

BANGKOK — The -Thai cabinet said.. 
Tuesday said that the property developer : 
Tanayong PLC could keep us entire mass-/ 
transit system route above ground, reversing 
an eaxHer ruling and catting thecOst of tire,, 
project, analysts said. , . .*• 

Tanayong shares rose-7.8 percent on Tues- 
day, to 623 baht ($230), with much of- the ; 
gain coming in the final hour of trading as .the 
government ‘spokesman announced The deci- 
sion- . • • I*. 

two choices,* is*ad Afihirit yeoafiva, the goy- 
exnmentspcAcsman-’TLet them go ahead with 
tho prcgect or use the -power of the govetn- 
. nest find canCcMl** - . 

Tanayong holds 'one. of .three government 
- concessions to build arid operate a. mass-; 
tra drit system in Bangkok- None of the pro- 
jects lfes- progressed beyond the planning 
stage as'grekdt of -financial, contractualand 
enyifppmttKal concerns... - 

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u Wv v*’ * \ <!*, *’• < t.O. i f 4 *X + ^ 

No Strike Date Set 
By Players — Yet 

By Murray Chass 

New York Tines Service 

PITTSBURGH. — The head 
of the baseball players' union 
said the players would have to 
think about not striking later 
this season if the owners 
pledged not to implement a sal- 
ary cap after the season. But the 
owners’ chief labor executive 
said there was no chance the 
owners would take such a step. 

"Baseball will be in one heck 
of a mess if we get to Nov. 1 
without an agreement,’' Rich- 
ard Ravitcb said at a news con- 
ference Monday after one held 
by Donald Fehr, the players' 
labor leader. The owners will 
not continue under the current 
economic system. If we reach a 
genuine impasse, I see no rea- 
son why we should forego the 
remedies that are available to us 
under the law." 

Those remedies include de- 
claring an impasse and unilater- 
ally imposing new terms and 
conditions. In other words, the 
owners could institute the sala- 
ry cap they have proposed. 

The players are poised to 
strike because they don’t want 
to enter the off-season without 
a new collective-bargaining 
agreement and thus be defense- 
less to stop the owners from 
i mpl ementing a salary cap. 

The executive board, meeting 
for nearly five hours, did not set 
a strike date. Fehr, however. 

said players on enough clubs, 
about three-fourths, have voted 
so that the executive board has 
authorization to set a date. 

T believe we have enough 
results in that as a practical 
matter that decision has been 
made,” Fehr said. "The results 
so far are virtually unanimous. 
The executive board will con- 
sider that on an ongoing basis 
and maybe do something to- 
ward the end of the month.” 

He said the player represen- 
tatives discussed possible dates, 
saying a “wide range of possi- 
bilities came up.” 

There was some range of 
opinion about what date makes 
the most sense,” he added. “But 
there's no dispute that if you 
have to do it, do it.” 

Dates in mid-August and 
early September have been 
widely mentioned by players, 
but Fehr said: “The purpose of 
setting a strike date isn’t to set a 
date on which one goes oul It's 
a date by which you want to 
reach an agreement” 

Discussing the ramifications 
of a strike, Ravitch said, “The 
owners believe it would be an 
act of immolation by the play- 
ers to strike a long tune.” 

The players were not about to 
set a negotiating deadline until 
they made proposals to the 
owners. Fehr said they plan to 
do that at a bargaining session 
Thursday or Monday. 

Kobcn Soffivxn/ 

Choked op? Mike Piazza, the onty player who didn’t homer in the All-Star homer contest 

Mariners 5 Johnson: Nightmare on the Mound 

By Claire Smith 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — A nightmare. Enough to question 
one's faith 

That’s the general mix of alarm, apprehension and 
dismay major league batters fed when they have the 
privilege of stepping in against Randy Johnson, the 
Seattle Mariners left-hander who has raised the art of 
pitching and winning through intimidation to new-, 

Being 6 feet, 10 inches (208 centimeters) has helped. 
Johnson, along with the Mets' 6-10 Eric Hillman, who 
is now back in the minor leagues, are the tallest major 
leaguers ever. 

Height alone has given Johnson an intimidating 
presence from the moment he entered the majors as a 
member of the Montreal Expos in 198S. And a fastball 
that travels up to 100 miles (160 kilometers) an hour 
mlwrges the fear factor, especially If you're a left- 
handed hitter who has to fight the feeling that John- 
son's sideann missile is headed right at your head. 

“You can do it," said Gzzze Guillen, the Chicago 
White Sox shortstop. “But some days, you'd rather 
commit suicide. I mean, it's crazy.” 

Johnson is 10-4 for the season, and is a member of 
the American League All-Star team for the third time 
in five seasons. Last year, Johnson was 19-8, struck out 
a major-league high of 308 hitters and became the first 
left-hander in 21 years to reach the 300-strikeout 

In the history of the game, only one pitcher has had 
a better ratio of strikeouts to nine innings pitched. 
That pitcher was Nolan Ryan, whose ratio was 9-59, 
compared with Johnson’s 9.44 and the 9*28 for Sandy 
Koufax, who stands third. 

And, like Ryan and Koufax, Johnson is starting to 
compile defining moments. Such as the one in last 
year’s All-Star Game in Camden Yards. 

Johnson, who had entered the game as a reliever in 
the third innin g, threw his first pitch to John Kruk 
over Knik’s head. Kink, the left-hitting first baseman 
for the Phillies, was literally laughing and bailing out 
on each pitch after that He eventually struck out, 

feebly swinging at strike three while trying to stand 
closer to the on-deck circle than the batter’s box. 

Kruk offered no excuses that night in Baltimore, 
concluding that he would much rather escape his 
confrontation with Johnson intact rather than look 
good. And a year later. Kruk still does not underesti- 
mate the inherent dangers of facing such a pitcher. 

“It’s a nightmare," he said last week, “you don’t 
pick up the ball because he’s like 7 feet tan," Kruk 
said. Besides, Kruk dead-panned, “He ain't pinpoint.” 

It is that frightening. And a lot to deal with. And 
fewer and fewer left-handed hitters are willing to try. 
Don Mattingly of the Yankees still gets into the 
batter’s box against Johnson. But not until he gets his 
game plan together and his mind right 

The biggest thing for a left-handed hitter is to 
decide that you’re going to stay in and you’re not going 
to bail out on him,” Mattingly said. “Once that goes 
into your mind, from there it’s just trying to get to a 
pitch you can Wt You're looking fastball all the way. 
If begets his breaking ball over, he can be very tough.” 
- Mattingly, illustrating that it's not just logistics with 
Johnson, then backtracked. He wanted to make a 
point again. “Bat the biggest dung is the decision that 
you’re not pulling off this guy, that you're going to stay 
on him,” Mattingly said. “Not because of the height, 
but because he’s wud. He throws the ball all over the 
place and he’s throwing 98 to 100 miles per hour. So, 
you have to say, *Hey, I can't be afraid.’ * 

Lew Pixudla, a former hitting instructor of note and 
now the Mariners' manager, admits be couldn’t instruct 
hitters much differently about facing his star pitcher. 

“What can you tell them?" PinicUa said. “About the 
only thing is, 1 guess, to make him throw strikes. Bat if 
he’s throwing strikes and he's getting his breaking ball 
over, you’re on your own." 

And the 30-year-old Johnson, who used to regularly 
lead the American League in walks allowed, has been 
harnessing the breaking ball with a lot more frequency 
in recent years. 

“I don’t think people realize just what a good 
pitcher this guy is,” said Goose Gossage, a veteran 
reliever who is a teammate of Johnson's. “There are 


By Mark Maske 

what’s wrong with baseball 
these days was oiT display at a 
Pittsburgh bold, with the exec- 
utive committee of the Players’ 
Association meeting as part -of 
the buildup to an afanost-oer- 
tain late-season strike. ’ 

Arid modi of Mot’s right these days was qn 
display — mostly on the Ameri- : 
can League side of the field — a 
few miles away at Three Rivers 
Stadium, where the 65th Alt 
Star Game was to. be jplaypd 
Tuesday night- Jimmy Key of: 
the New York Yankees was the 
scheduled American League 
starter and the Atlanta Braves* 
Greg Maddux was the opener 
for the National League. The 
AL was attempting to extend Us 
best All-Star winning streak 7 
ever to seven games, ’ 

The threat of a strike and the 
recent dominance of the AL 
were among the leading topes 
of conversation here an Mon- 
day, as the two teams gathered 
for workouts and All-Star fes- 

Those two subjects are inter- 
woven this season, for two at 
the American League’s bright- 
est stars (Seattle Mariners out- 
fielder Ken Griffey Jr. and Chi- 
cago White Sox first baseman 

Frank Thomas) arejnhbt^ur- 
suit of Roger Mans’s home run 
..record- of 61, .compared, wth 
one for the National- League 
(San Frandseo Giants -.third 
' bas eman Matt Williams). The 
AL has the game’s best aniv- 

S -at-thcir-prirae players .now- . 

iys. and tb e NL is left to 
-defend itself -at gatherings tike 
this one. . ..- 

/ Griffey, 24, has 33 homers this 
season, ptttliiMJunton apace to 
hit 61. The 26-Year-old Thomas 
(with 32) and Williams (with 33) 
are on course to Mast 60 home 
runs apiece. But . Wiltiams is hit- 
ting just .251. Griffey is at -329, 
and is one of baseoafl’s most 
graceful center Adders. Tlwoias 
&. charing .400 and may be one 
of the game’s 1 mbstpatierit and 
.selective power hitters ever. . ... 

“Every All-Star team is spfc- 
dafc” said Gal Ripken, the Bal- 
timore Orioles’, shortstop. “But 
it seems tike there art some real 
up-and-coming - guys -in’ our 
league. now. Guffey and Thom- 
as, tbcy do unbelievable things, 
andtiiey’reonA'bqBnii&tg-' to 
tap-mtoYhrar-tafimL- rv;. 

Griffey and Thoinas ^raelhe. 
ones drawing (tie nibstIWert*P c 
tial reactions from- flaw®*#- * 

during thy . jhnma. rmw fi m m g 

contest, tihk& has be&fere® ' 
most popular attraction , i&T'- 
roundmg the game- and ;w» 

-non by the American League 
oaMonday, .17-11, Griffey pro- 
duced seven homers m 17 
swings; five of them :were 
launched into the upper deck in 
right field. Thomas had four 
homers in 14 swings, and two of 
them woe estimated at more 
than 500 feet (150 meters ); 

Griffey and Thomas also 
were the ones being asked 

about the potential of a strike in 

August or September cutting 
short thexr chase of Maris. Tbepr 
answers were nearly identical: 
“No one player or two players 
are bigger than tire garnet 
Thomas said. “It’s our union, 
too.' There are bigger issues to 
be .taken care of.” 

" Said' Griffey: “If there’s ;a 
strike, there’s nothing I can dri. 

I support the union, like 98 per- 
cent of us do,” 

The National League won T9 
of 21 All-Star games through 
1982. Since, then,, though, the 
American League has capture^ 
eight oL 11: The, AL- has wort 
seven ofthtH>ast^eigfer games.' Cf 
Tbis is supposed to be a fun 

tdS;tfyour league has been Ios£ 
|ag these games.” said Ripketx 
who WtU be malting his 12th All: 
Star appearance and 11th com 
secutive -start for the AL at 

very few gays who have a 100 miles per hour fastball 
and can pitch to spots. He’s the first guy I’ve ever seen 
with this kind of ability.” 

That Johnson has more c ommand now than in his 
earlier years in the majors offers little comfort to 
hitters. “He’s wild, but he knows where the ball is 
going and he uses that to mtinridate people,"' Guilltti 
said. “It’s a part of hhsgame. But you strike out 300 
people, you can be that wild.” 

Some players, who, for obvious reasons, would 
rather not be identified, say Johnson uses the fear 
factor too much, like Dennis Eckersley, Johnson will 
taunt strikeout victims. But, said one American Lea- 
guer, even though batters would like to return the 
taunts in kind, they do not — for fear of the next at-bat 
against Johnson. 

“Some of the stuff I watch I have trouble with,” said 
OHf- Amm cai i T hitter who requested anonymity. 

“I have respect forms ability, but I think if the guy’s got 
that good a stuff, throwing strikes is enough-” 

Johnson says he is being nnscotisflaled^ lMt he’s a 
free spirit merely celebrating good pitches. What is 'not 
misconstrued is the intimidation, just as it- wasn’t in 
Ryan's case. Like Ryan, Johnson terrorizes hitlers, not 
only with talent ana speed, but with that scatteYgun 
location. And like Ryan, Johnson had to first learn to 
use the talent and the fear factor- before finding a 
sublime balance. 

“Randy and I have had numerous conversations 
about his size and how much harder he has to work 
than the normal pitcher,” Piniella said. “He’sgot 
many more arcas to keep fine-tuned and to keep in 
good condition. To get everything goingjust right for a 
6-foot guy is hard. To add 10 inches to that is much 
more difficult.” 

Ryan, while still pitching for Teres, helped Johnson 
increase his comfort with his height and the power. 
And Ryan pointed out a slight problem with the 
pitcher’s footing, a correction that literally moved 
Johnson’s pitches into the strike zone. “You can see 
what it’s done for him,” PinicUa said. 

Tbc New York Tnow 




iMTFnNiTfAXii ore *rn TUTnimr tdiidciuv nnv ix inm 

‘Big Mig’ 

buhirainMayBe Untouchable, but French Win a Stage 

By Samuel Abt 

International Herald Tribune 

■ CAHORS, France — Any- 
body out there planning to form 
a Migud Indnrain Fan Club, 
please remember to send a 
membership application to 
Lance Armstrong. 
r • **Big Mig!” the American rid- 
er exclaimed Tuesday mo rning. 
“Too much! The man is just too 

r That was the consensus 
throughout the Tour de France 
pack, w bch c ontinued to talk 

lard’s show' of force in the^mdi- 
■/idual time trial on Monday. 

“He’s untouchable,” said An 
pchowicz. Motorola’s general 
m a nag er. “He d omina ted the 
pack and you have to wonder 
whether anybody st£D dunks he 
can be beaten.” 

By wiping out the field, Indur- 
ain demonstrated he 
Regained the fonn that has led to 
three successive victories in the 
our. His methodology is always 
L “ same — win the first long 
against the dock by a big 
jin, cow las rivals and then 
stay with than in the mountains. 
' • “I don’t think Rommger will 
be able to lose him in the moun- 
tains,” Armstrong continued, re- 
ferring to Tony Rommger, the 
Swiss rider who is in seexmd 


ptocty 2 minutes, 28 seconds be- 
hind- Everybody dse in the 175- 
man fidd is considered to be 
battling for third place, barring 
accident or other unforeseen d> 
saster for hudundn, a Spaniard 
who rides far Banesta 
Althoaghtehas already won 
the 81st Tour in the group con- 
scious n ess, the rules are some- 
what rigid and insist that he 
cannot be crowned until the fin- 
ish in Paris on July 24. So the 
Tour resumed Tuesday, moving 
260.5 scenic kilometers' (100 
scenic mfies) from Bergerac to 
Cahore in the southwest 
And,' stmnise! * surprise!, a 
rider put France back in the 
Tour ae Fiance. 

On the 10th of 21 stages, 
JackyDurand of the Castorama 
team was the first Frenchman 
to cfimb~t6 the victory podium. 
To die cheers of tens of thou- 
sands . of ' his fellow citizens, 
Durand erased across the fine 
alone and waving gleefully. 

He was timed in 3 hours, 38 
minutes; 11 seconds, a rapid 
44.1 Hbmeters an hour (25 
j>h) on a steamy day without a 
» of wind. Marco Sexpeffini, 
an Italian with Lampre, was 
second, 55 seconds late, and 
Stephen Hodge, an Australian 
with Festina,was third, 4 more 
seconds behind. ••• 

Durand’s, victory was de- 
served since he, wearing the 
blue, white and red jersey of die 
French champion, has attacked 
often during the Tour. Otter- 
wise the nearly three dozen 
French riders have not been — 
bow you say it? — energique. 

Their lack of results mi rr o rs 
the French performance in last 
year’s Tom; the race they invent- 
ed .in 1903. Fiance sewed one 
stage victory last year and had 
no rider higher than 1 5 th at the 
end No Frenchman has won the 
Tour since 1985. 

In all, this h as been a dismal 
for French athletes, who 
[eft the Winter Olympic Games 
with just one silver medal and 
three bronzes and failed even to 
qualify for soccer's World Cup. 

No wonder, then, that Dur- 
and’s victory stirred the crowd. 

The pack appeared 1:55 after 
the victor ana mere was jnst one 
in the overall 

as Gianluca Borto- 
lami, an Indian teammat e of 
Ronunger’s with Mapa-Qas, 
moved from fourth place to 
third Bortotanri finished fifth 
after a long four-man break- 
away was ignored in the beat by 
&D save three chasers. 

Indnrain continued to look 

left t] 

serene in the leader’s yellow jer- 
sey. “The Extraterrestrial,” pro- 
daisied tire daily sports news- 
paper UEquqre, using tire word 
first applied to him % a rival, 
Gianni Bugno, after the Span- 
iard overwhelmed the pack in 
the first time trial in the 1992 

Armstrong can vouch for the 

“He just kille d me, blew my 
head off,” said the Motorola 
rider, who left two minutes be- 
fore Indnrain in the race against 
the dock and was passed aha 
16 of the 64 kilometers. “I 
knew he’d catch me but I didn’t 
think he’d do it so soon.” 

Armstrong was equally im- 
pressed by the Spaniard’s seem- 
ing lack of effort. 

“I was trp out of my saddle, 
really working,” he reported, 
“and Indnrain was sitting 
down. Calm. I tried to stay with 
hm and did for a while but then 

M ust couldn’t He was going at 

At the finish, when he was still 
strong enough to sprint for the 
line, Indnrain was travrimg a bit 
slower. His speed averaged 50.5 
kilometers per hoar, about as 
fast as a car can travel safety an 
the narrow and curving, road. 

Piinck ImAfAjpn France- Prur 

Jacky Durand, the French national champion, gave his 
country a Tour stage victory on Tuesday in Cabors. 

3d Man Sentenced 
In Kerrigan Attack 

The Assoamed Press 

PORTLAND, Oregon — 
The bodyguard who admitted 
plotting to figure the figure 
skater Nancy Kerrigan has 
been sentenced to 18 months in 
prison by a judge who called 
p»m stupid. 

Shawn Eckardt, who worked 
occasionally as Tonya Har- 
ding ** bodyguard, told cohorts 
that they would get rich run- 
ning a bodyguard service for 
figure skaters worried about 
their safety after the Kerrigan 

“Mr. Eckardt, you have be- 
come a very well-known per- 
son,” Circuit Judge Philip 
Abraham said before pro- 
nouncing sentence on Monday. 
“There are adjectives that can 
be added to your name, some- 
like infamous, notorious, 
f, dishonest, even stupid.” 

Before be left the courtroom 
in handcuff s, Eckardt made an 
unsuccessful attempt to delay 
the sentencing, dismisse d his at- 
torney and verbally assailed a 

Eckardt, who turns 27 next 
Monday, pleaded guilty to 
racketeering on May 3. At the 
same time, Iris co-defendants, 
Shane Slant and Derrick Smith, 
pleaded guflty to conspiracy to 
commit second-degree assault 

They and Harding’s former 
husband, Jeff Gillooly, have ad- 
mitted that they conspired to 
figure Kerrigan to knock her 
out of the UJS. Figure Skating 
Championships in Detroit The 
plan was to dear the way for 
Harding to win the champion- 
ship and secure a spot on the 
Olympic team. 

Kerrigan was struck above 
the right knee on Jan. 6. Two 
days later, with Kerrigan out of 
the competition. Handing won 
tire title and went on to finis h 
eighth in the Olympics. Kerri- 
gan won the silver medal 

Two weeks ago, Harding was 
stripped of her title by the VS. 
Figure Skating Association. 

Stant, the hit man, and 
Smith, his tmrJft, who drove tire 
getaway car, began their 18- 
month prison sentences imme- 
diately after entering their 

The case should crane to a 
conclusion Wednesday when 
Gillooly is scheduled for sen- 

Eckandfs new attorney, Brad 
Grove, said Iris client was upset 
by the treatment given Harding, 
who was placed on three years* 
probation and ordered to pay 
5160,000 after she admitted 
hindering the investigation. 

In Droves, U.S. Golfers Chose Not to Brave the British Open 

By Leonard Shapiro 

Washington Past Service 

TURNBERRY, Scotland 
— When the wind is howling 
off the Firth of Clyde, when 
tire rain is slapping at yam- 
face in vertical sheets, when a 
perfectly struck drive hits a 
moond in the middle of. the. 
fairway and takes a cockeyed 
bounce into the high hay, it is 
not difficult to understand 
why the British Open at Trim- 
berry may offend the sensibil- 
ities of many of America’s 
pampered pros used to the 
lush lies ana lovely locales they 
play in the paradise known as 
the PGA Tour. 

f Maybe that’s why many 
stayed home this year from tire 
123d Opai that begins Thurs- 
day at the fearsome Ailsa 
course. Ailsa was once a land- 
ing field and training carter 
for the Royal Air Force during 
World War I and D mid is now 
part of a 115-bed luxury hold 
and spa complex owned these . 
. days by Japanese investors. 
There are 41 Americans en- 
tered in the field of 156, down 
from 45 a year ago. Of the top 
50 Americans on the PGA 
' Tour’s money list, 21 bave cbO'. 
sen not to partk^ate, even if. 
this is the oldest and arguably 
most prestigious of tire four 
major championships of gblf- 
Toro Kite, for one, doesn’t 
understand the reluctance erf 
some of his compatriots to try. 
to make it into the field any 
way they can. 

“One of the prerequisites to 
win a major is to enter the 
damned thing,” be said. “You 
- are not going to win a British 
Open by correspondence. 

. W innin g is what its all about, 
a pH winning major champion- 
ships is what all the top players 

are trying to do. There’s only a 
hunted number you get to play 
in a lifetime of goiL 

Pffc T vUUi ry/Tbc I 

Americans Lee TV^faio, Bern Crraishaw and Tom Watson at Ttanbeny on Tuesday. 

Though 45 of the top 50 
players -ra the world rankings 
are entered, among the test 
Americans not playing include 


Strange (50). Also among the' 
missing arelong-time favorites 
Of these boisterous British gal- 
leries Eke LannyWadkins and 
Raymond Floyd. 

All of them had their rear 
sons. Couples still has pain in 

his back and was concerned 
that a long flight and raw, 
rainy conditions could make it 
worse. Aringer has missed the 
entire season battling cancer in 
his shoulder and has been 
toward the PGA 
in August, in 



which he is defending champi- 
on, as his comeback. 

Irwin, No. 5 cm the U.S. 
money list and very much in 
contention at Oakmont last 
month to win his fourth U.S. 

Open, is suffering from ten- 
dinitis and needs a rest 

Floyd has been concentrat- 
ing his efforts on the Senior 
Tour and also missed the UJS. 
Open. Wadkins is playing bad- 
ly this year, 176th on the mon- 
ey fist He’s had an inner ear 
infection that makes air travel 
difficult And tire chances of 
pi bis game around on 
tins course are negligible, so he 
will not make the top. 

Strange, a two-time U.S. 

Open champion, has never 
irnifb fiimH tbi* event — the 
travel, the expense, the style of 
golf. Still, he said he was look- 
ing forward to playing here. 
On Friday, he withdrew. 

*T*m surprised Curtis 
Strange is not here.” Kite said, 
without elaborating. He didn’t 
have to. Strange is with his fam- 
ily at the beach in North Caroli- 
na far two weeks and was not 
available for comment. 

With the exception of Haas, 
all of the above were exempt 
from qualifying for the tourna- 
ment. Thafs another reason 
many of the American pros 
who aren’t exempt aren’t here. 
There are two tough days of 
qualifying competition at four- 
different courses. This year, 22 
Americans tried and only four 
— Peter Jacobsen, Francis 
Quinn, Howard Twitty and 
Kirk Triplett — made it 

“It’s not just a walk in the 
park,” said Corey Pavin, who 
has had to qualify twice for 
this event failing once and 
getting in fra- the *90 tourna- 
ment at St Andrews after a 13- 
nan playoff fra 10 spots. He 
finished eighth that year and 
fourth last year at Royal St 
George's- At No. 12 in the 
worldj Ire’s the highest ranked 
American playing this week. 

“It’s a big expenditure to 
come here and qualify, a size- 
able expense,” be said. “When 
I came over in ’90, I brought 
the whole family over. It was a 
big risk, but one I was willing 
to t«ke. It’s just not a given 
that you’ll qualify.” 

“A lot of people fed like 
they want to take a week off 
and get ready for tire next 
tournament,” he added. “It's 
just hard to crane here and 
qualify. They play it Sunday- 
Mooday, so yon have to get 

hereon tte Thursday before to 

get over the jet lag and practice 
a little. You probably can’t 
play the week you come home, 
so you lose a three-week stint” 

“Guys who aren’t exempt 
on Tour are trying to keep 
their cards.” he said. “Missing 
three weeks is tough.” 

It has also become exceed- 
ingly difficult for Americans 
to win this event. Only one, 
Mark Calcavecchia in 1989 at 
Troon, has taken home the 
Claret Jog in the last 10 years. 

This week, the English 
bookmakers have installed 
Greg Norman of Australia, the 
defending champion, as the fa- 
vorite at 9-to-l, with Nick 
Faldo of England and Bern- 
hard Langer of Germany next 
at T2-to-l. Kite, Pavin, John 
Daly, Phfl Mickdson and Tom 
Lehman are the leading Amer- 
icans, at 33-to-l. 

Lehman, runner-up at the 
Masters and the leading Amer- 
ican money-winner entered 
here this week, said Tuesday: 
“If 1 was exempt to play here, 
Td always come. To me, the 
thrill of playing here, on these 
kind of courses, I could neve 
pass it up.” 

“This is the first true finks 
course I’ve ever played in Scot- 
land,” he added. “You warn to 
see it when the wind blows, 
when the rain is coining in 
sideways. You see a bunker 
and you say to your caddy, 
‘Why is that bunker there, no 
one is going to hit that? 1 Then 
the wind blows and you hit it 
195 and you're in the bunker. 
Then you know why it’s 

And that’s why Lehman is 
here this week, and loving ev- 
ery minute of it He played 36 
holes on Monday and was 
planning more of the same 
Tuesday, despite an all-day 

“I couldn’t miss it,” be said. 

Haarhuis Oat ol Davis Cup Singles 

ROTTERDAM (Reuters) — Paul Haarhnis will be left out of 
the angles in the Netherlands’ Davis Cup quarterfinal match 
against the United States this weekend. Coach Stanley Franker 
said Tuesday. 

Haarinris, ranked 27th in tire world, will appear only in the 
doubles. Richard Krajicek, ranked 26th, and Jacco Eltingh, 51st, 
will play the opening tingles on Friday. Franker said Krajicek and 
Eltingh were better than Haar hnis at serve-and-volley tennis 
which was most effective on the medium-fast haidcourt " 
used in Rotterdam. Haarhuis and Eltingh are the top-r 
doubles pair in the world. 

• C6dric Pioline, France’s top-ranked player and No. 16 fit the 
world, wfl] make his Davis Cup debut in the quarterfinal tie 
against Sweden this weekend. Arnand Boetsch will play the 
second singles on Friday and will team up with Olivier Delaitre 
fra the doubles on Saturday. 

• Sweden’s Davis Cup squad has been hit by another injury, 
with Magnus Larsson following Magnus Gustafsson in pulling 
out of the quarterfinal against France. A Swedish Tennis Federa- 
tion spokeswoman said Henrik Holm, Jan April and Jonas 
Bjorkxnan would join Stefan Edberg in the four-man squad. 

Tyson Again Seeks Early Release 

INDIANAPOLIS (AP) — Mike Tyson has asked a judge to 
reconsder her decision not to let him out of prison early, saying he 
knows the behavior that led to his conviction on rape charges was 

Superior Court Judge Patricia Gifford refused to gram Tyson 
early release from prison after a three-hour hearing June 10. She 
said Tyson had not completed the necessary education require- 

Tyson was sentenced in March 1992 to six years in prison. The 
former heavyweight champion is scheduled to be released in May 

Ex-Champ Douglas Oat of Hospital 

COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — The former heavyweight champi- 
on James (Buster) Douglas was released Monday from a hospital, 
one week after being admitted to the coronary care unit with 

Douglas was at his Columbus home on July 6 when he became 
31 and was taken to a hospital. He was diagnosed with diabetic 
keto-atidosis, common in people unable to produce insulin. 
Douglas won the heavyweight title with a stunning knockout of 
Mike Tyson in Tokyo in February 1990. Eight months later, he 
was knocked out by Evander Holyfield in Las Vegas. 

For the Record 

Nigri Benu, the World Boxing Council super-middleweight 
champion, will defend his title for the sixth time against the 
former ch am p ion, Danin Van Horn, in Birmingham, England, on 
Sept 10. (AP) 

The Bricky ar d 400, the first stock-car race at the Indianapolis 
Motor Speedway, scheduled for Aug. 6, will very fikdy pay more 
than S3 million, a bigger purse than tire Daytona 500. (JVJ7) 

Alt-Star Game Boater 


Catcher— Ivan Rod rieu**. T «gf__ 
pint Bow— Frank Tfwmax own 
second Bo^Junberto Alwnar. Torento 
TWO Boee-Wode . ff* *”'* 

51 mi talon Col RIPWn. 

Carter, Toronto; Kw Gri ffey 
arty PwMK. WWttofc 
krv T rtH tnn. Detroit 
111 Oort. Texas; Sett Cwt. 
A Fryman. Detroit: Owe* 

Unnesota _... 

uoert Bette. Oevtan d; CW U 

, Toronto; Pot ffMeHL Mew 
Sierra. OaHseid. 


nex MBwoukMJDwW 5^ 

pat HenWWV Toronto, rbmw 

Johnson. Seattle; Jimmy Key. New York; 
Mike Mussina, Baflfmora; Lee Smith, Bom* 
more. .. 

mm men 
CUo Gaston. Toronto. 


Mfke Hot prove, Gtarvetaxti Goon Lqmont, 

O llC OBO. 


CBtdwr- . -MBw Ptaan. Lew A n o e l et - 
First B am 'G re g g Jetfsrtes. St mute 
SaeondBose— MartaneDonearyPIdadoMRo 
Third Bgpe Mott VWBoms. Sew Frcmdsce 
S h IiM p- Ode SmlW. SI. Louts 
OolfUM-fiarry Bondi, Mi FnomSseo: x* 
Lonrtv Dykstra. pmhnMpNo; OavM Justlco. 



ij'iiuioii DihtTii WJw, Montreal 
slo, Houston: ten OomWH, Hooiten,* yWH 

Cordenw Montreal; Cortoo Santa PMtw 
burgh; x- Barry Lnrltkv CJndimetO FfPd 
McartR. Atlanta 

O uWe Wer»-nW f s e Atou. Wonhert? ixwfe 
Bichotte, Colorado; Jeff Conk*. Plorhkt; 

Tony Owmn. Son Dtego; yMo n wb Ortssora, 


r-ftoa Seek. Son Francisco; Doee Drahefc, 
Houston; Kan HU I, Montreal; John Hudok, 
Houston; Danror JaAsan. PttMadelpMa; 
Oowt Jonofc P htl oo s l n t il o; Greg M odd ux . At- 
uita; Randy Myers. CMcona; sJost RHs 
Cincinnati; Bret watnei, New York. 

AO-Star Game Bonuses 

«PM«P— KMiy Puckett, Mtanesato. 
MM — ftoherto Atom*. Toronto; Won* 
Bobos. New York Yankees; Joe Cater. Tb- 
ronto; Km Griffey Jr.SeatHe; Pat Hontowb 
Toronto; Randy J o hnson. Seattle: Jimmy 
Key. New Yarx Yankeosr Chuck KnaWsurty 
Minnesota; Col Mpken Jr, Briffmoro, 
BUB — Albert Belle, aevdend; Ricky 
Bonos, MIlwaAoe; Scott Cower, Baton; 
Trovts Fryman, Detroit; KsmyLoflotvaew* 
land; Foot MoBor, Toronto; AUfco Muostofe 
BaWraore; Pool ONefll, Now York Yankees; 

Lee Smith. Baltimore; Mickey Tethefoa, De- 
troit; Fnmk Thereas, Chksso WMte Sox 
niMP— Witten ANarss, Chicago White Sox 

Yo ko hama M 36 0 

Hiroshima SI 3 B 0 

32 41 a 

BMW— Cndo BloptA Hotnton; KSnQwdnt 
Houston; Mortem Dunam. PMIoiMphki; 
Lomy Pvtntiw PNI odok n hl a ; DaanyJodaen. 
PtModekMo; Dane Jones. PhOoddjrtUa; Do- 
vMJusHQxAfl'Srta; Barry LarkfevQndnnan; 
Gm Maddux Atlanta; RmtviwmrxChMapo 
Cuts; Mott wOTams. San B m k Isul 

> *— Jett Bagwell Houston; Dante BF 
, Colorado; Doua Drabefc. Houston; 
Tony Gwyna-Sm DIsoo; Xm Hitt Montreal; 
Fred McGrtfl. AMortq; JCM Rite, Cinctanan. 
SON* — Motsos Alow Montreal; Darrin 
Hatcher, Moatrem,- Marquis Grissom. Mon- 

Japanese Leagues 


Chuntrtd 2. Yomhiri 0 
Hiroshima », Yafcutt 7 
Yokohama *v Harsh la pod, ram 

W L T Pet GB 

42 27 0 AW — 

Date! 40 30 l 571 » 

on* 3» si 0 ssr sw 

KJntotSD 3* 37 1 ATt f 

Latte SO 42 0 ,417 13W 

Nippon Hem TJ *5 1 JM 

Tuesday* Resells 
Kintetsu L Lotte 2 


Tour da Franca 

try, team and wtMdngHme: 1, Jodcy Darand, 
France, Costanma 3 haurx 31 irrtnutrs. 11 
seconds; Z Marco Serpellkfl, Italy, Lampra, 
a socondi behind; * Stephen Hodpm Austra- 
lia rest ing, same time; A Gkmkico Borto- 
toml Itotv, MnpeLSJ; i Orbdlwi Herat Ger- 
many. Telekom, some time. 

L Jean-OaudeCMonL Frtmee.GAN.1 min- 
ute 3 seconds behind; 7, Morle auasa I talv, 
Carrera, 1 :1P: 0. DtamelkflM Abdouieparov, 

mbekistaruPoM. 1:55,- e.jmSvorqdot Slova- 
kia Lompre. seme time; ILSIMoMarttneda 

Italy. Me ic o s ono. same time. 

Overall StaadMes-. 1. Mpuel mooroin. 
SPtdn, BoncsM, 44 hours, er minutes. IV sec- 
onds; 2. Tony Rondnaer,Swttzer>end,Mcmel 

2 ml notes. 28 seconds behind.- IGkmlucnBar- 

tokmL Itotv* MaPei.4^7; 4 Armand D eLm 
Cuevas, France. CnMorama 4:40; S, Thierry 
Merle. Franca Castorama SiST. 

4 Thomas Davy, Franco. Costorama.6dN.' 
7. Chris Boardmai, BriMH GAN4:08; 1 Sew 
Yates. Britain Motorola. *:»; *. Apratiom 
Oamv Spam, Monel *31; W LartC* Ann. 
st rona. us. Motorola t:l S. 


Ammtam | eiryiPT 

BALTIMORE— Activated Pout Carey, Aral 
baseman, trem today dteobti d Rst aid w 
floaedltlmto Rochester, IL. Sent Rldt Fomev, 
Pltehor, outrW to Bowte. EL. 

PITTSBURGH— Odledup RKft Rsbertsaa 
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calling one foreign country 

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ARIZONA STATE— Homed Brian Janes 
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3» s 

Reversal of Fortune: Can Brasil End 24-Year Brought? 

By Jere Longman 

/Vciv y«A Tuner 

FULLERTON, California 
— Carlos Alberto Parreira, Bra- 
ziTs coach, used a security- 
guard escort for his crowded 
news conference, but at least his 
inquisitors were asking ques- 
tions this time instead of de- 
manding changes. 

Twelve days earlier, he was 
Pariah, not Parreira, having sub- 
jected ins country to a “national 
tragedy” by drawing L-I against 
Sweden in the Gist round of the 
World Cup. The news media, 
Pete, President Itamar Franco, 
even Parrdra’s own mother were 

catlin g for changes in the lineup. 
Now, with Sweden on the sched- 
ule a gain in Wednesday’s semifi- 
nal, Parreira has reversed his for- 
tunes. He is a momentary hero, a 
rainmaker on the verge of end- 
ing Brazil's 24-year title drought. 

Victories over the United 
States and the Netherlands 
have followed that draw with 
Sweden. Brazil has advanced to 
the semifinals for the first time 
since 1978. Ginga soccer, soccer 
with panache, resurfaced in the 
second half against the Dutch, 
and there is confident dancing 
again in the streets of Rio. Ger- 
many is also gone, leaving Bra- 
zil as the clear favorite to win its 
fourth World Cap. Of course, 
anything less will mean total 

“Being a football coach is my 
life; it’s a pleasure,” Parreira 
said. “Bang coach of Brazil in 
the World Cup is something 
else. It’s a compromise, it’s a 
commitment, it's a death sen- 
tence sometimes. You cannot 
have fun. Only if you succeed 
will there be fnQ pleasure.” 

This is serious business, and 
the bright, funny Parreira is a 
serious man. During the World 
Cup, he has given up his other 
passion, painting. He has even 
turned in his cellular phone to 
avoid any distracting calls. He 
is here for one reason. To win. 

How do you remain so calm? 
someone asked. 

“That’s on the outride,” he 
said. “I’m boiling inside.” 

The pressure builds like 
steam inside a kettle. Sweden is 
the one team that Brazil has not 
defeated in its five 1994 World 
Cup games. Sweden is the last 
roadblock between Brazil and 
its first final since 1970. 

“This is a big test,” Parreira 
said. “We have to make this 

gamp and get to the final. We 
are dreaming of the final for so 
many years.” 

In almost every way, this re- 
atch will be different from that 

match will be different from that 
first-round game. It was played 
indoors at the Pontiac Silver- 
dome in Michigan; the semifinal 
will be played outdoors at the 
Rose Bowl m Pasadena, Califor- 
nia, where the field will be three 
or four yards wider, giving Brazil 
more room to operate when 
Sweden packs its wonderfully 
organized defense. 

That first game was nothing 
more than an exhibition, really. 
Both Brazil and Sweden had 

qualified for second round, and 
the only matter to settle was who 

the only matter to settle was who 
would win Group B and who 
would be second. Sweden scored 
first on a goal by forward Ken- 
net Andersson and Brazil equal- 
ized early in the second half on a 
goal by Rom&rio, outshootmg 
the Swedes by 19-8. 

Again, Brazil will have to be 
alert for the long balls and 
crosses intended for the 6-foot- 

4- inch (193-centimeter) An- 
dersson, a nobody before this 
tournament began, a vaulting 
threat on headers now, as Ro- 
mania will forlornly attest- It 
was Andersson’s leaping goal in 
overtime that forced the quar- 
terfinal Sunday into penalty 
kicks, where Sweden prevailed. 

5- 4, on endurance and temerity. 

“Andersson has been one of 

the revelations of the cup,” Par- 
reira said. 

Sweden will be without the 
midfielder Stefan Schwarz, who 
collected two yellow cards 

a gainst Romania, and it may be 

without midfielder Jonas 
Them, who sat out the quarter- 
final with a knee iiyury. Martin 
Dahlin, the star striker who 
missed the first Brazil game be- 
cause of a ydlow-card suspen- 
sion, is expected to play, but he 
suffered leg cramps against Ro- 
mania and his status remains 

“With Dahlin, you never 
know what you’re going to get, 
a world-class striker or some- 
one who might not look like 
he’s there,” Parreira said. 

The crowd should be in Bra- 
zil's favor, and so should stami- 
na. Sweden having gone 
through overtime and penalty 
locks on Sunday, while Brazil 
rested after its engrossing 3-2 
victory over the Netherlands on 




Itimionl^esday^iecaU^ the quarterfinal 

defender Roberto Musa, mid- VvJSflwmanv’s soccer 
fidderNicoIa Bern and [striker u2d2§ ?3E 

Sta ' Wp ■ Castaghi Arte S 

Worid with Bui- bonus money it would 

gana an Wednesday. _ S w to oav its payers. . 

Mussi replaces the suspended 
Mauro Tassotti. at right back, 
Berti comes in for .Antonio 
Con t e in right midfield and Ca- 

have had to pay its players. 

The Germans were promised 
125,000 DM each for defending 
the Worid Cup title. By reach- 
me the Quarterfinals, they got 

Massaro in attack. 

Sao cfai would not comment 
^.on whether Musa, who has re- 

covered from an ankle injury? 
would have Dlaved had FIFA 

Coach Carlos Alberto Parreira, left, instructing the Brazilian team, winch wiB meet Sweden hi Wednesday’s semifinal. 

would have played had FlrA 
not given iWotti an. dght- 
. match ban for elbowing. Lins 
Enrique in the 2-1 quarterfinal 
victory overSpain- 
•' The coach again .omitted 
•Giuseppe Signori from his 

starting finraip 

" - • “He fa having a few problems 

■ in fhe midfield role we have 
asked him to play and; we are 

■ covered. in the area where he 
plays for his da fa’^said Saqchi. 

ing of his choices. .. 

Sgnorij who plays for Lazio, 
has been the leading scorer in 
I talian Teague soccer over the 
past two years. 

- • Brazil, heading for its semi- 

OaadGaida/AipmBMcc^Rwp final gam r HgafnCT Swerim, is st 

sdnesday’s semi final . 5-to-6 favorite to win . the Worid 

ing the quarterfinals, they got 
35,000 DM. 

But the soccer federation 
would have received about 1.8 
million DM ■ from FIFA for 
reaching" the semifinals. . 

• The German def en der Mar- 
tin Wagner was knocked out 
bri efly after a head coffirion with 
Nasko Sirakov of Bulgaria in the 
satfr minute of their Quarterfinal 
on Sunday and was taken out on 

a stretcher. At the time Germany 
was leading 1-0. ... 

Wagner regained conscious- 
ness and was being treated by 
medics when someone from the 
German team’s staff told him 
the score was 2-1. - 

“Who scored our second 
goal?,” a stfll groggy Wagner 
asked, and was shaken again 
when he heard that in fact Bui- , 
earia was ending Germany's*- 

; as, Worid Cup champion. 
ignet suffered a braise but 

no concussion. (Reuters, AP ) 

Color Barrier? Not for Swedes and Dahlin, Their ‘Black Pearl’ 

By Steve Berkowitz 

Washmgtan Peat Service 

MARINA DEL REY. California — 
Martin Dahlin has been called “Swe- 
den’s blade pearL” 

When he and Togo’s Bachirou Salou 
became the starting forwards for the 
German first division club Borusria 
Moflcbeugladbach, they were dubbed 
“The Black Power Target Line.” Earli- 
er in his career, while playing for 
Swedish first division dub Malmo, 
Dahlin was jeered by some opposing 
fans. You can guess why. 

Dahlin shrugged. Yes, he knew be 
was Sweden’s first black soccer player 
of any renown. “But,” he said, “I play 
football 1 don't think much about col- 

fielder Henrik Larssoo, who is younger Wednesday’s semifinal against Brazil ferent races in 1968 — ■ 12 days after 
than Dahlin and fa also black. “If he at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena. Martin Luther King’s assassination. 

“In ‘89; he was bad," the Swedish 
talkeeper Thomas Ravelli said. “I 
ihtbe learned a lot of things.” Like 

hadn’t come before me, I still would “I have to play for a team that’s Hesaid thathfanKnher, whois a whhe think he lea rne d a lot or tnmgs- t-use 

have been there trying.” good because it’s a team sport and I Swede, named him after King. She and how to live witfrsucoess. . 

What separates Daniin, 26, from his can’t do much by myself,” Dahlin said. DahHn’s father, a black Venezuelan, “IPs always difficult to deal with 

teammates is his ability to score and “But when 1 can play for a good team, separated when Martin was 3. She re- success when you are young. Datum 

his willingness to talk about iL like the Swedish national team, I think married, and Martin lost contact with said. “But if yon are 18 years old, irs 

After scoring seven goals in nine l*m quite good." his fatho - for nearly 20 years. ■ < : difficult to say.^tpp.How can you 

World Cup qualifying matches, he has He compared himself to BraziTs Ro- “I didn’t have any probtems^when I stop k? A coach isn’t going to say. I m 
added four in as many matches during mario, Italy's Roberto Baggio and Bui- was child,” Dahlin saiA^WhenT start- not gang to let yoa play because you 

the World Cup’s finals in the United garia's Hristo Stoichkov - — the offen- ed to play football, there were some are too. good.’ 

States. He and fellow forward Rennet sive stars of the other three teams that other teams’ fans. — especially one In *99), Dahlin s career turned 

Andersson, who also has four goals in have reached the semifinals. teantfs fans who scream^ a lot of agam when he joined Barussia Mqn- 

this tournament, now share Sweden’s Such talk is frowned upon by the stupid things. But that was not really a chengladbach and improved under the 

Neither, it seems, do most Swedes — 
at least not anymore. Dahlin’s col- 
leagues on the national team certainly 

“I didn’t think of him as the first 
black — I didn’t know it” said mid- 

Statcs. He and fellow forward Kennel 
Andersson, who also has four goals in 
this tournament now share Sweden’s 
career World Cup scoring leadership 
with three former national team play- 

With 20 goals in 33 national team 
games, he already is among Sweden’s 
top 10 all-time career scoring. 

Sweden recorded its quarterfinal 
victory over Romania without a goal 
from Dahlin, who had to be replaced 
during overtime because of a cramp in 
his right calf. He expects to play in 

1958. when it finished as runner-up to After. 
Brazil soccer si 

“In Sweden, it’s not allowed to say feague-te 
that you are good in something,” Dab- 1987-88, 

lose your concentration.” ' r ; Because threeor ms four goals mine 

After bursting upon tbc Swedfah Worid Cop finals have resulted from 

soccer scene at 19' by a powerful headers, the media'has seized 

league-leading^ 17 goals for MahnoTh:- upon ins skill in the air. . 

that you are good in something,” Dab- 1987-88, Dahfin did- lose his conceal-. . “I have scored 20 goals with the 
lin said.' “You have to be more .than tratiqh. He suffered through a poor national team,” he said. “Only five of 
modest. You’re not allowed to say any- season in 1988-89 arid was barely even them are headers —arid three of those 
thing about iL” considered for the 1990 World Cup- are in tlto World Cup, so I am also a 

Dahlin was bom to parents of dif- team. ^ ;• • J : v : little biv surprised.” 



/*.*■ ' • ■V.T : k#' 

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(Continued From Page 4) 


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Thomas RaveDi, Sweden’s goalkeeper, found some shade the hard way during streldniig exercises in Los Angeles.-* 


Chance of a Lifetime Is in Their Hands 


Internationa/ Herald Tribune 

L OS ANGELES — They stand apart in 
a team game. There are just four of 
them left, ana on Wednesday every muscle 
they move, every reflex, every option they 
take will be exposed to. the scrutiny of 
hundreds of millions around the globe. 
Who would be a goalkeeper? More sure- 

ly than any out- 
field player. 

It's never been easier 
to subscribe and save 
with our new 
toll free service. 
Just call us today at 

05 437 437 . 

f SWISS: 5Sh« 

lov (Bulgaria), i ^ 

Gianlnca Pag- 

liuca (Italy), Claudio Taffard (Brazil) and 
Thomas RaveOi (Sweden) know that the 
chance of a lifetime is in their hands. 

Many, many men have attempted to be 
like them, to stand in that isolated posi- 
tion, No. 1 on their backs, between the 
whites of the goalposts. If Mihaylov, Pag- 
liuca. Taffarel or Ravelli lose their nerve 
for a. split second, their countrymen and 
the world will be their judge. 

Yet they love iL Ravelli will be playing 
his 1 15th international for Sweden, be has 
never before exposed to the world in this 
way, and be says he looks forward to iL 

Perhaps on Wednesday the Swedes will 
issue RaveDi radar to detect srich 
Perhaps not. He, Eke the three other mm 
who wear the goalkeeper’s jersey, will stand 
alone, in splendid or wretdbed isolation. 

Yet trie expectations of Thomas-Rriveffi. 
are nothing compared to those of TaffareL 
To be Bmfl’s goalkeeper is to invite 'the 
scorn of 150 million experts. After 84 ap- 
pearances for his country, the blond, seem- 
ingly composed Taffarel knows what it 
me ans to pot one’s hands in the fire of 
people’s often irrational expectation. 

TafTarel, 28. at 5-foot-l t. is the shortest 
of the Goal four goalkeepers. And -this 
Worid Cup he has already shown uncon- 
scionable fallibility in failing to catch balls 
driven across his penalty box. 

A quiet nun, a B razilian unique in tha t 
he keeps goal for a dub in Italy, be has the 

At that moment, TV playback was a 
goalkeeper’s best friend. And so it was in. 
the dosing minutes .of the match when 
Julto Salmas was through for Spain, and 
Phgfinca atoned for hesitant positioning 
by. saving the shot — and Italy’s World 
Cup with his legs. 

- X gifted athlete, seeming to have elastic 
sinew in his 6 feet, 2 inches, PagHucahada 
d^nceiaHfe. He could have been a tennis 
player, he opted instead to try to emulate 
his other bdybood inspiration, Italy’s most 

4Sfehayk>v, 31, was bom to Le® goal, 
bred to keq> cahji in the crises, and in his 
rity in the era when communism ended in 
Bulgaria and players were- allowed to seek 
their fortunes abroad. 

Mihaylov’s father, Georgei, was a goal- 

■jgjf -tox&x- too- The father was the last liSof 

$***<??* , w?^^ 2 ;defense for Spartak Lefskyin the 1960s 

drra, and daughter. Gaihtrme. . andevideathreonridered thetwrinon. with 

ana daughter, - and evidenihreonridered theposition. with 

Itatian keepw, has donethatin a bigwayrit , * 

iKs World Gip. bo hS bpa^ig riAiQ?^ ** 
against Irdand. hn 

is son. 
Spartak to 

was to follow his instinct, to fling his lean, 6- 
foot-2 (1.88-meter) frame with aaobatic 

guesswork to his left and turn aside the final 
shot of the quarterfinal shootout against 
Romania in San FiandSCO. 

RavdK, at 34, has thrashed around in a 
ton of self-doubt and moment* of public 
h umiliati on, and for going the right way at 
precisely the right spot second of his life he 
is a national hero. 

Against Brazil he could be made the 
idioL Even never comes to a shootout, 
there is every chance of his facing a free 
kick from Branco, the Brazilian left back 

himself in no-manVlafcdt’fte not 
ing that Ray Hw ^myhdiMiii 
goals these days, would suddenl 
baD from 20 meters ovoi&he&i 

wwwwa /UiHgiuug UHl UIC SWU . 

. Would take. up his gym bag and.enngrate 
; -festto Portugal, and then to France, where 
itcjplays for Mulhousc. i 

• Kcroing Am French 'dot of the Woriir 

: — T ~~ — ii r si ' .. ■ Kqt^ririg the French Oat of the Warier 

deputy. Lnca hi^toGe^^.two former 

^ tohavc 

fO&SS tte qBarte a^ag^ s^ ^ -J^ngiieon iife toes era Wednesday, aware of 

whose whmirig goal against the Nether- 
lands was a masterpiece of deception. 

P aghuc a, a kee^rii.walrag’fcH- 

a loOTied im and .ayer 

kceper. mto Ids net. rff »ljg rfhis i 
defender, Antonio Benanreo- 

j qaTkwi pers in the last seconds of play- 
^U hSnatd y that is the goalkeeper's job, 
^exOToang evmt genius. . 

art l/egtei ten Wetxfefiynan. 



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erenity: Bulgarians Live (and Love) Every Moment 

By Ian Tliomsen 

m^ent, say the Bulgarians, who refuse to worry 

ftjfid Itafy into the World Cup s emifinal on Wednes- 
9^^. Stadium in New 

Meanwhile, .the Italians continued to train on 
Monday, even though they are exhausted — ex- 
ilic same schedule 

„ that inspires the 

Bulgarians so wickedly. The Italian manager, Arrigo 
Sacchi, who tries to sm3e hut has a look around the 




■ — 

-*V7u“^ " u4 «5 a ;*™s cwnuiri nave less in common 
with then more famous opponents. Over five games 
the Italians have performed Iflte an expectant fathcr 
m ahoqafaTwiiiing room — paemg. swearing, 

SdhSjgS?* ^ w ^ n ® a ^° 1185 comeimmmg 

_Ever since their 4-0 victory over Greece on June 
25 debut victory in 18 Woiid Cup matches 

—the Bulgarians have been singing -folk sotm in the 
l ocker room before games and. partying after' Fol- 
lowing their second-round upset of Mexico on pen- 
alties, the Bulgarians didn’t train for almost two 
days. One suspects the time was better spent slocp- 
Already they have tried to convince administra- 
to move their Mew Inwv tMm k otm, Alnm 

■ mg. 

“o- - «avc ujcu uu convince aamimstra- 

Uws to move their New Jersey team camp closer to 
M a nhat t an , where it is possible to see the sup rise in 
last night’s clothes without ever having left the bar. 
So it may be the world’s greatest city; at least the 
Bulgarians izn^ht tMaY ro. r- ' ' 

After knocking out <jeanany, with the semifinal 
only three days away, the Bulgarians didn’t an-' 
notmee a practice for Monday, 

Bulgarians, said, “Germany ana Italy are similar in 
dial they are countries with a great soccer tradition.” 
"■ Bulgaria’s blessing, therefore, is its dissimilarity 

“The mistake Geraxany made was perhaps psy- 
chological,” Sacchi went on Monday, trying to rea- 
son away the humid panic that surrounds Jus team. 
. “I read in the paper yesterday that a German player 
said he would rather have played Italy in the final 
rather than the semis. You can’t think like that when 
you are only at. the quarterfinal stage. We have seen 
m this World Cup that as soon as a team thinks it has 
a match won, it » punished.'” 

He should know. With last-minute thanks to Bag- 
gio in the hist two matches, the Italians have suc- 
ceeded in double-czossnig Norway, Nigeria and 
Spain. By twice losing a man to ri action, relinquish- 
ing the lead or falling behind, Italy has been able to 
convince its lesser opponent that it really ought to be 
pulling oft the upset. A good psychologist should be 
able to explain this with ease, but it basically comes 
down to the fact that most o£ die teams are uptight. 

Italy has come this far by giving away its stren gth, 
its fortunes — think of it as a fur coat. So now the 
opponent is wearing the fur coat, and Italy — having 

shed all expectations — is unfettered and able to 
iy to win. Psychology is a load of bunk. Anyway, if 
taly tries that again Wednesday, the Bulgarians are 
Gkdy to check the coat’s pockets (for flasks) before 
tossing it on the sideline until after the game. 

It’s hard to play mind games when the opponent 
doesn’t give a damn. The Bulgarians have been imper- 
vious to all pressures. Since their opening 3-0 loss to 

vtous to all pressures. Since men opening 3-o loss to 
Nigeria, they have allowed two goals in four games — 
both on penalties, against Mexico and Germany. 
They can afford to drop back defensively be cau se 
their breakaway players are fast and efficient 
“The Bulgarians are the first to recognize their 
limi ts" the former Dutch star Johan Cruyff recently 
told a newspaper in Spain, where he coaches Hristo 
Stcdchkov at Barcelona. “They have got two good 
organizers in Boiakov and Lechkov, two good for- 
wards in Stoichkov and Kostadinov. A$ for the rest 
of the there's nothing special” 

Cruyff’s complaints tend to be self-serving, even if 
they’re usually right cel If Bulgaria is “chaotic,” he 
said, then Italy’s tactics are ‘‘‘negative.” 

Even Sepp Blatter, the general secretary of the 
international soccer federation, FIFA has been de- 
the lack erf drill in this otherwise dramatic 

If it’s become a direct game, then no one plays 
more directly than the Bulgarians They attacked 
Sunday without pretense, unperturbed even as Ger- 

many was effectively man- markin g Stoichkov out of 
the game. They have beaten the two 1990 finalists, 
Argentina and Germany, and with the swollen roy- 
alty erf Italy and Brazil laying ahead, it is possible 
that Bulgaria could run through the winners of 1 1 
Woiid Cups. 

“I think we have a great chance of beating Italy — 
they’re not as good a team as Germany,” said the 
ra pmhi and goalkeeper, Borislav Mikhailov, per- 
haps unwisely. 

Added Stoichkov, who is averaging a goal per 
game: “We have nothing to lose. I think wen have as 
big a q«ra$g against Italy in the semifinal.” 

Such words tend to signal naive cockiness, and 
perhaps the Bulga rians will fall victim to their own 
big heads. It’s just as likely that they will be motivat- 
ed to knock down Italy in its Armani wardrobe. 
While 13 of the Bulgarians play abroad — in Eng- 
land, France, Germany, Portugal, Spain and Swit- 
zerland — none has cracked the supreme Italian 
league, which employs every member of the Italian 
national team. Stoichkov faced seven erf the Italians 
in Barcelona's 4-0 loss to AC Milan in the European 
Champions’ Cup final in May. 

Italian television viewers will be insecure about a 
gamp like this — d emanding victory as always, 
allowing them the satisfaction of complaining a 1 
criticizing in defeat. They tend to whip the ho; 
until it can’t hardly gallop. 

The Bulgarians were under such pressure them- 
selves. Thor nerves were apparent before their 
breakthrough match with Greece, inflamed by re- 
ports that hundreds of Bulgarian skinheads were 
threatening a violent homecoming for the players at 
the airport if they losL 

Beating Greece was one thing; in Bulgaria, the 
players have understood, everything beyond the first 

round has come like one lottery victory after anoth- 


er. When Stoichkov equalized against Germany with 
a free kick, his mother in Sofia collapsed in front erf 
the television and had to be taken to a hospital for 
observation. Fans gathered by the hundreds of thou- 
sands in Sofia’s streets, and armed policemen 
changed from enforcers to celebrants as they drove 
with sirens waiting. It was reportedly a happier time 
than the overthrow of communism four years ago. 



“This is the greatest feat anyone has done for this 
country,” the Bulgarian president, Zhelyu ZbeJev, 
told the coach, Duniiar Penev, by phone after the 
defeat of Germany. “The government has not done 
anything like this. Tbe president has not done any- 
thing like this. It is the players who have done it." 

No such acclaim will await the It alians from their 
prime minister, Silvio Berlusconi, SacchTs former 
boss at AC Milan. While Bulgaria hopes naively for 
the best, Italy braces for the worst — knowing deep 
down that defeat would be self-fulfilling, and hoping 
that Baggio's serenity will once more spite the spite. 

Viewing Replay, 
FIFA Bans Italian 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches . 

- PASADENA, California — 
Soccer has entered the age of 
1 instant replay. 

Fo r the first time at a World 
, Cup, FIFA has used video rc- 
. plays to punish a player feu- an 
action the referee on the field 
, did not catch. 

The disciplinary committee 
of FIFA worid soccer's govern- 
ing body, imposed an eight- 
match suspension — twice the 
' previous longest it had handed 
out at recent Worid Cups — to 
the Italian Mauro Tassotti for 
an elbow to tbe nose of a Span- 
ish player during last Satur- 
. day’s 2-1 victory by Italy in the 

Tassotti will be benched 
Wednesday fen- Indy's semifinal 
against Bulgaria. If Italy . 
. reaches the Worid Cop fatal, 
Tassotti will sit out that game, 
too, phis at least. Italyfs first six 
Raines in prefiminary rounds of 
tbe European Championship. 

Tassotti was also fined 

with two starters benched by 
suspensions. Gianfranco Zola is 
completing a two-game suspen- 
sion for a red card in a second- 
round victory over Nigeria. 

Tassotti had apologized for 
the blow, which broke Lms En- 
rique’s nose and left his face 
covered with Mood. He was not 
penalized on tbe field and said 
later the act was accidental 

After looking at the video- 

tapes, tbe disdpitiiiaiycoimnnt- 
tee had one response:. No way. 

“The dimpjmgty committee 
j udged Tassottf s action against 
Spam’s Luis Enrique as mten- 
■ b ocal serious violent conduct," 
a FIFA statement said. 

Tassotti, who won a thud 
straight Italian league title with 
AC Milan this season, can ap- 
peal within three days. 

■ This marked fee find time at 
the World Cup in a case that 
did not draw a referee's sanc- 
tion that FIFA used videotapes 
of a play to detennihe precisely 

what had happened. 

“It was unique because this 
case did not start with the refer- 
ee’s report,” said a FIFA 
spokesman, Andreas Henna. 
‘Ti t was all up to fee tape.” 

- FIFA said the referee, San- 
dor Puhl <rf Hungary, had acted 
properly in not parahzing Tas- 
sotti became he did not have a 
dear view of the_ elbowing, 
which occurred during a battle 
for fee ban late m the game. 

The Italian federation issued 
a statement earlier on Monday 
saying it would not punish Tas- 
sotti because it believed the in- 
cident was an accident and fee 
blow had not been intentional 

- But a FIFA spo kesma n, Gtn- 
do Tognoni, said, “FIFA otrvi- . 
ouslytooka different view after 
seeing the evidence.” 

The committee also denied 
an appeal of a four-match sus- 
pension erf the Brazilian defend- 
er Leonardo for an elbow that 

It’s Total Soccer, 

The Associated Pros 

New Jersey — After coac h i n g 
the Italian club AC Milan to 

huge success, Anigo Sacchi says 

he had nowhere to go but up. 

Now he’s within two games 
of sending Italy’s national 
squad up into tbe stands to col- 
lect a record fourth Worid Cup 

aaccni, 48, is a native erf Entn- 
% Romagna, the same region in 
central Italy flat spawned the 
Fascist dictator Benito Mussoli- 
ni and he sometimes is accused 
of a dictatorial coach. 

I Some Italian sportwnters 
have dubbed him the “ayatollah 
j of the bench.” 

But Sacchi defends his pen- 
chant for what is known as total 
soccer, saying it won’t woric 
without total engagement by bis 

^ schemes are demanding 
.and players most be in fear 
best condition to accomplish 
them,” said Sacchi, who occa- 
sionally explodes in irate out- 
bursts on fee sidelines. . 

His on-fee-firid trademark m 
an obsession for midfield 

baD, to create scoring opportu- 

,D1 hf'his last season wilhAC 
Milan, he faced an op« 
Sroby the Dutch stor smker 

Marco Van Basten, 

ed to Sacchi’s tough training 

and exhausting tactics 

Sacchi says he dcodwto 
leave a richly paid ands*«ess- 
ful job with Milan 
■national team because be need 
a fresh motivation. 

: “In every job, 
feusiasm for SP*B 
“Idealism is something^** ex 

■iJnSTh. «* 

ISIS also in “TT K V 

soccer. I rejected 

other clubs to become Italy's 

look over the tourri 

in 1991 with fee ^ 

guiding them to 

Worid Cup triumph smee 1982. 

and fourth 


tV: ■ ■ ' 

A Fan’s Notes (on His 4 Favorite Teams) 

By Tony Komheiser 

Washington Pott Service 

W ASHINGTON — Bulgaria' Who 
knew? It’s not like Bulgaria came in 
wife a constituency. I mean, when was tbe 
last time any of your friends said: “Yep. 
the wife and I, we’re taking two weeks in 
Sofia. Just kicking back and enjoying Bul- 
gar bospitaEty.” 

Imagine my shock in the first half at 
hearing the 


pent,” from TV Point 
color guy Ty 

ing Bulgaria’s previous biggest moment, 
of the automobile in 1987. 

Monro Tassotti of Italy was banned for eight matches. 

fractured the skull of the Amer- 
ican Tab Ramos. Leonardo’s 
action drew a red card. 

Tbe HFA committee also: 

• Fined the Netherlands del- 
egation $8,000 and cautioned 
Coach Dkk Advocaat for bad 
behavior on the bench during 


s 3-2 quarterfinal loss 

• Fined the Brazilian goal- 
keeper Taffard $8,000 for vio- 
lating advertising restrictions 
wearing logos on his gloves 
it were too big. 

(APj Reuters, AFP) 


Keough, whoever he is. A coiled serpent? 
Bulgaria? Whenever I think of Bulgaria, 1, 
I . . . uh, never actually think of Bulgaria. I 
know it’s south of Romania, and it borders 
fee Black Sea, and as 1 dose my eyes I 
imagine smokestacks and steel plants, har- 
dy women in sensible shoes, strong men in 
butcher’s aprons catting sausage; the Pitts- 
burgh of Eastern Europe. 

(X comae, I am rooting for Bulgaria 
now, because of Iordan Letchkov, who put 
his bald pale on the baD, and headed in the 
winner against Germany — The Shot 
Haired Round The Worid! What a magnif- 
icent moment for baldies like me! Letdt- 
kov was obviously able to put a special 
spin on the baD with his highly sensitive 
scalp that a fuDy-baired person couldn’t It 
gave Bulgaria a 2-1 lead with only 11 
minut es left creating a desperate situ ation 
for Geanany.“TBe Gomans are “always 
known for their fighting spirit though,” 
Keough said on TV, causing members erf 
the Komheiser family to mutter, “X should 
say so.” 

Even with the finality of Jflrgen Klins- 
mann walking blankly off the field — 
shirtless and as pale as Peter O’Toole — it 
wouldn’t register that the 29tb-rated team 
in the worid bad beaten No. 1. An upset 
like this prompts a waterfall of compari- 
sons, inevitably to Georgetown- Villanova 
and the *69 Mets. Finally, the TV crew 
declared this the biggest moment in the 
history of Bulgaria, presumably supplant- 

the discovery 

I'm also for Bulgaria because of Hristo 
Stoichkov, who scored Bulgaria's first goal 
with a perfectly placed shot that first 
cleared tbe waD of German defenders 
(their hands carefully placed to protect the 
Fatherland) by indies, then curled into the 
goal film a wire of smoke. And for the 
sleepy-eyed defender Trifon Ivanov, who 
looks like a graduate of The Robert Mit- 
chum Academy of Smoldering Glances. 

Ah, but I am for Sweden too. 1 was for 
Sweden in the match against Romania 
because, to be frank, I’ve never heard of a 
Romanian Bikini Team. And I am for 
Sweden because of the balding goalie, 
Thomas Rnvelli, who made those huge 
stops in the shootout. 

weeks ago I went to a party at the Italian 
Embassy, and they fed me like I was a 
personal friend of Gina Lollobrigida. How 
could you bet against the Cardiac Kid, 
Roberto Baggio, who has now won two 

straight games in the final minutes? Dur- 
ing fee i 

I COULDN'T help but laugh when the 
ABC guys began dumping on that game 
midway through the second half for its 
lack of action. Here is Roger TwibeH who 
three weeks ago couldn't have picked Pel* 
out of a lineup with the ShireUes, and now 
he’s crabbing abort a slow pace. And Sea- 
mus Malm! What's he complaining about? 
If there’s no Woiid Cup, he’s pumping gas. 

But the carping stopped when Thomas 
Bnriio, fee guy wife zinc oxide on his bot- 
tom lip, scored to give Sweden a 1-0 lead, 
and all those blond Swedes danced around, 
blistering in the California sun, looking for 
Noxema. Surely Sweden could hold on for 
1 1 mi nutes, li ke Bulgaria did. But no, in the 
89th minute — so dose the Swedes could 
almost taste the meatballs — Romania 
scored, then scored again in OT. And this 
tune it was Sweden’s turn to tie U late: With 
five minu tes left in OT, Kennel Anderssoo 
otrtleaped fee Romanian goalie and headed 
tbe baD into tbe net. So we moved to the 
ultimate in tendon, the shootout And when 
Ravdli pushed away Miodrag Belodedid’s 
shot, pushing the Romanians out of the 
Worid Cup with it, they lay there on the 
grass of Stanford Stadium in their red uni- 
forms Hke broken dolls. So I like Sweden for 
its Beigmanesque sense of drama. 

Ah, but I like Italy too. Because two 

; opening round, when he was sleep- 
walking through games — the coach even 
benched him against Norway — fee Italian 
fans wanted to garrote Baggio with his own 
ponytail. Now they’d kiss his feet in 
Macy’s window. You have to like a Mr. 
October like Baggio. 

A H. BUT 1 hke Brazil too, because 
Romario and Bebeto have been there 
from Moment One. And I love that dance 
they did after 3ebeto scored against fee 
Netherlands — when three Brazilians lined 
up and rocked their hands back and forth 
at their waists, like they’re cradling a baby, 
symbolic, don't you think, for Bebeto ? 
And what a fabulous game Brazil-Nether- 
lands was: five goals in 33 minutes in the 
second half. It almost left flaky Alexi Lai as 

speechless on the postgame show, but no 

He succeeded Azegfio Vjctni, 
who coached Italy to third place 
in 1990 when it hosted the tour- 
nament, but then failed to quali- 
fy the team far fee 1992 Europe- 
an Cham p ionsh i p - 

Sacchi has generated criti- 
cism during t his Worid Cup for 
lrs«^fhirtv4mpresgivc play in the 
first round and provided more 
fodder for analysts wife lineup 
rhangeSj a Sacdu hallmar k. 
Sacchi is unruffled. 

“I never promised a victory 
in the Worid Cup, but I offered 
my utmost engagement and 
that of tbe players,” he said. 
*Tm used to cast up accounts at 
the end of the competitions.” 

When AC Milan signed him 
in 1987 from a second-division 
team, Sacchi had a difficult 
start before sailing unexpected- 
ly to fee Italian league title. 

In fee next three years, he led 
the powerhouse dub, winch is 
owned by Prinre Minister Silvio 
Berlusconi, to consecutive Eu- 
ropean Champions’ Cup tri- 
umphs in 1989 and 1990. Milan 
also became fee world chib 
champion and the 
Super Cup champion in 
two years. 

Qualification for the Wood 
Cup finals was a bit of a strug- 
gle. Italy lost three points out of 
four to underdog Switzerland 
hot still won its qualifying 
group by defeating Portugal in 
Milan in November. 

In warm-up matches for fee 
Worid Cop, Italy lost to France 
and Germany and was uncon- 
vxncms^ against Finland and 
Costarica- - _ 

. Now Italy faces upstart Bul- 
garia in fee sem ifin al s after 
squeaking through several 
matches. , ‘ , 

Sacchi often says that Berlus- 
coni is his talent scout. 

“He's a great businessman 
qnri politician wife a craze for 
soccer” Sacchi said. “He often 
. p sft ri to suggest-me the starting 
lineup, bat I can say I always 
derided by my own. 1 still do 


Saturday July 9 

Al FfMMfO, I 

Inly 2, Span 1 


Braai 3. MaBwrtana* 2 

Sunday July 10 
A! E«M RuOterM, t*J- 

Bulgaria 2. Gomwny 1 

Al Sonfoid. CUB. 

Sweoen 5. Romania 4 (on panaHMK scorn 
2-2 after owrtnaa.) 


Wodnaaday July 13 
Al East AuthedCRl. KU. 
inly vs. BuiBana 2005 GMT 

M Paaadana, Cam. 
BrazU vs. Sweden, 9335 GMT 


Sa&rrday July 16 
M Pasadena. Gate. 
Semifinal wears, 1335 QMT 


Sianday J4dy 17 
Al Pasadena. CaW. 
Genuanai wwreis, 1035 GMT 

Goal Scorers 

DtfukJGjfm'Ageaee Fioore-Pirne 

Bebeto, center, and Zinho being photographed daring a practice session at the Rose BowL Brazil will take on Sweden in tbe semifinals on Wednesday. 

Veteran Frenchman, Rookie Colombian to Referee Semifi n als 

Tie Associated Press 

PASADENA, California — A 
Frenchman working his third Wold 
Cup and a cup rookie from Colombia 
involved in a controversial call in fee 
rious- round have been picked to 
fee tournament’ s two semifi- 

FIFA, soccer’s governing body, on 

_ - - - - ^ for 

Monday chose JoQ Quimou, 
fee game between Bulgaria a: 

and Italy 

in Giants Stadium and Jos£ Torres, 
41, for the game between Sweden and 
Brazil at the Rose BowL Both semifi- 
nals are set for Wednesday. 

Torres was therreferee in Sunday's 

2 r\ quarterfinal victory by Bulgaria 
over the defending champton, Germa- 
ny, and disall owed an apparent goal 
by the Germans on a dose offside call 
- Wife Germany leading 1-0, An- 
dreas Mote's long shot hit the goal- 
post in fee 74th minute and Rudi 
VfiQer put in fee rebound, but was 
called offside. Two minutes later, 
Hristo Stoichkov tied it 1-1 on a free 


Although the caD against VoDer was 
a borderline one, Germany refused to 
criticize Torres or blame the loss on 

“The referee didn’t allow it,” fee 

German captain Lothar M althaeas 
said. “A goal is when it gpes in the net 
and fee referee allows it. We needed 
print hw goal and we didn’t get iL” 

Quimou, a computer specialist, has 
refereed more than 40 international 
matches since 1983. He worked the 
World Cup as a linesman in 1986 and 
a referee in 1990. 

Torres, a salesman, is in his first 
World Cup. He has refereed at fee 
international level since February 
1992 and helped officiate the 1992 
Olympic soccer tournament in Spain. 

His other credits indude the Super 
Cup between Baredona and AC Mi- 
lan in 1989, fee European Soccer 
Championships in 1988 and 1992 and 
fee three European cup competitions 
beginning in 1983. 

Linesmen for Qumiou will be Carl- 
Joban Christensen of Denmark and 
Roy Pearson of England Linesmen 
for Torres will be Sandor Martin of 
Hungary and Luc Matthys of Bel- 

Reserve referees are Philip Don of 
England for Bulgaria-Italy and Fran- 
cisco LamoHna of Argentina for Swe- 

Pace 11- 

Page 21 

such luck. How 'bout that Lalas? He 
touched Jim McKay’s head! McKay has 
3,000 Emmys — he’s a legend! — and 
some scruffy ragamuffin who’s a dead 
ringer for Ginger Baker in 1970 stands up 
and pats McKay’s balding head! Where's 
the respect? 

Excuse me. Tony, but must this entire 
column be a series of fawning references to 
men who are losing their hair? What’s 
next, aeulogytoTeIty5avalas?.Coaldyou 
please get back to soccer? 

With Maradona out, Romario and Be- 
beto have become tbe biggest stars of this 
World Cup. Surely, Brazil is the most 
glamorous team remaining. They have the 
best uniforms, they look hke the *27 Yan- 
kees out there. They have the best dance 
routines; they make American Bandstand 
look like Leisure World. They have this 
thing called Carnival where they shut 
down the entire country for a month so 
everyone can samba along fee boulevards 
and get drunk and get lucky. PAR-TAYH 
Of course they only have one name. Who 
has time for two? 

6 — Oleg Solvnko, Russia. 

5 — Jurgen Klinsmann. Germany; HrWe 
Stoiicnknv. Bulgaria. 

4 — Kcnnet Anaersson, Sweden; Gabriel Bo- 
Nstufa, Argentina; Martin DcStBn, Florin Ra- 
dudofa, Romania, ■ Swtdtfi; Romiria, Brazil. 
3 — Roberto Baggio. Italy; Beoeto. Brazil; 
Camlnera Spain: Juan Antonio Golkeetwa 
Spain; Dennis BefDhama Netherlands; 

n |i ■ m iNi ■ * DhhuihIh 

unewww rnw, KuniuJiHJ- 

2 — Philippe Albert, Belgium; Fima Amin. 
Saadi Arabia; Daniel AmakocftL Nigeria; 
Emmanuel Amunika. Nigeria; Hno Bogota. 
Italy: George, Braov. Switzerland; Tomas 
Brolln, Sweden; aauflo Cot! onto. Argenti- 
na; Hie Dumltmcu, Romania; mta Garcia 
Mexico; Jon AndanlGolhoetxoa Spam; Hong 
Myung 3a South Korea; Iordan LetcMov. 
Bulgaria; AdoHo Valencia. Colombia; Rudl 
Vbller. Germany; Wfm Jon*, Ncttrorland*. 

1 - John Aldridge, Ireland; Abet Baiba. Ar- 
gentina; Altar Begirlsmilfc Soaln; Marcel km 
Bernd, Mexico; FranartK Omcm Bhlcfc, 
Cameroon; Daniel Borimlrov, Bulgaria; Bran- 
ca BrazU; Stwhone Ompubot, Switzerland; 
Mohammed Oiooucn. Morocco; Merc Oegrvse, 
Ba Mvm; David Embe Cameroon; Atjerto 
Gwria. Mexico: Herman Gavtrta Cotambla: 
in nidi George, Nigeria; RdmdGlNStwvatSaiP 
dl Arabia; Georges Gran, Belglun; Jong 
GuenflofeirSoain; Fernando HtaraSoatn; Rav 
HaugMoiL Ireland; Hwang Sun Hoim, South Ko- 
rea; Sami jefter. Saudi Arabia; Adrian Knun, 

RogorUung. Sweden .-JOftn Harold Loeono, 
Cotambla; Mega Maradona, Argentina; Lu<» 
Enrique Martinez, Spain; Dentate Maasora 
Italy; Lotear Mattnaeus, Germany; Roger 
Miller. Cameroon; Hasson Nader, Morocco: 
ScMMd owriron. Saudi Arabia; Dontel voslto 
Pgtrescu. Romania; Dmitri Rodchenka Rus- 
sia; Ral, Brazil; k|*HI RekdaU Norway ; Karf- 
hotnz Rlcdlc, Germany; Bryan Ray, Nether- 
lands; JuHo Salinas, Spam; Erwin SGnctaz, 
Boflvto; Mbrcio Santos, Brazil; Sen Jung 
Wan, South Korea; Samson Simla. Nigeria; 
Natko Sirakov, Baknria; Ernie S tew ar t, 
United States; Alain Sutter, Switzerland ; 
Gaston twmirt, Netherlands; Argn winter, 
Nethcriande; Erie wynotdg. United states; 
Boghead YektaL Nigeria. 


•• •*! 

Page 22 


Legal Orgies on TV 


By Russell Baker 
EW YORK — Some 
_ . tongue-in-cheek cajolery 
of the legal profession recently 
in this space drew the usual 
sprinkle of humorless and 
vaguely m e na cing letters from 
lawyers which inevitably falls 
upon all who make light of the 
ancient profession. 

The art of writing humorless 
and vaguely menacing letters 
must study be taught in law 
school. It is an indispensable 
skill for putting the fear of blind 
Lady Justice's occasionally asi- 
nine w himsi es into that great 
portion of the citizenry that 
doesn't know habeas corpus 
from duces tecum. 

Lawyers are a bit tetchy these 
days about their “image.” Like 
journalists, they seem to be in 
bad public odor. As with jour- 
nalists too, the public seems to 
think they are cynical, greedy, 
dishonest and have too much 


In an age when the sensitivity 
notice have banned almost every 
joke conceivable, people stiDtejl 

veUhe fact is othSS^peqrite 
so many signs of public con- 
tempt, the public is absolutely in 
love with lawyers. On television 
and movie screens the lawyer has 
become as inescapable as the 
cowboy once was. 

The courtroom has replaced 
Tombstone and the Pecos and 
Monument Valley and the 
streets of Laredo and home, 
home on the range. Which is to 
say, it is now the standard set- 
ting for the up-to-date, modem, 
sna-of-century showdown be- 
tween white hat and black,good 
■lnrf evil, marshal and gunslinger. 

That’s why we had all the ma- 
jor networks in a television orgy. 
All other thing s televisual were 
abandoned while the networks 
presented every tiresomdy de- 
tailed legal maneuver in the 
Simpson case to a nation so en- 
chanted with questions of crimi- 
nal procedure and Fourth 
Amendment rights that it didn't 
even whimper about having its 
soap operas scrubbed. 

Television series about law- 

yers abound and prosper. 
Scarcely a Sunday night passes 
without some hokum based cm a 
“real-life" case taking us into the 
TV courtroom. Turn cm your tel- 
ly at random almost any night of 
the week and chances are excel- 
lent you’ll see a dashing legal 
type saving some innocent from 
unjust punishment or bringing 
some rascal down. 


The lawyers cm display in the 
TV coverage of the Simpson case 
wore not confined to the south- 
ern California group at weak in 
the courtroom. Press accounts of 
the vast fees normally collected 
by Alan Dersbowitz and F. Lee 
Bailey, already retained for fu- 
ture phases of the case, invited 
people to turn green with envy or 
sob with dismay, depending on 
their moral tone. 

As the war in the Gulf un- 
earthed military experts galore 
find fanned them all over the 
tube, the Simpson case produced 
legal experts by the spate, most 
of them described as “defense” 
attorneys. Their confident, au- 
thoritative manners left no 

doubt that they deserved a modi- 
fying “brilliant.” 

What a tidiness of lawyers, 
?nd of law, we have. And what a 
good thing it is, on balance. It 
was Lawyos, after all, who creat- 
ed the Constitution that created 
the United States, and even the 
meanest of them nowadays must 
always have that model sublimi- 
nn1ty housed in the back of his 
skulL , 

The question then is why Pres- 
ident Clinton must use the tin 
cup to collect money to defend 
himself in the Paula Jones sexu- 
al-harassment case. This is an 
ap palling situation in which to 
cast a president, and it exists 
because the price of law and 
lawyers has also become appall- 

Surely in a land with so many 
fine and rich lawyers some sense 
of professional pride might en- 
courage their great stars to form 
a disinterested consortium to 
serve presidents as friends of the 
nation in times like this. 

Sew York Tuna Service 

Tina Wertmuller: North vs. 

By John Tagliabue 

sew York runes Service 

•0 OME — Despite a Teutonic- 

sounding Swiss name, Lina Wert- 
muller has an unquenchable passion 
for the irrepressible south of Italy. So 
it is not auprising that her film, 
“Ciao, ProfessoreT would probe the 
differences between Italy's somewhat 
disciplined north and the fervently 
other south. 

The film is the tale of a dozen Nea- 
politan children reclaimed from lives 
as truants: little waiters, barbers, ciga- 
rette smugglers and drug runners. 
They arc hauled bade to school by a 
proper northern Italian schoolteacher, 
whom they in turn loosen up. 

What doa surprise is a name on the 
list of producers. Alongside Caro Ip- 
potito, the upslartNeapotitan produc- 
er mainl y responsible for the fum, and 
Vittorio Cecchi Gori, who brought in 
Paolo vniaggio, the comic actor who 
plays the teacher, is that of Silvio 

Berlusconi is the media tycoon 
turned politician who became Italy’s 
prime minis ter in ApriL 

How did this conservative business- 
man become interested in spotlight- 
ing, in a quietly humorous way, the 
cmne, disorder and neglected youth of 
southern Italy? 

Although her forebears lived in the 
southern cities of Naples and Puglia, 
Wertmuller, 65, has lived in Rome for 
years. High above the streets, in the 
narrow room that serves as her work- 
place, she laughed disarmingly at the 
notion that Berlusconi, who helped 
finance the film, might have chosen 
her —a noted leftist — as the director. 

“It’s not as though he looked into 
this film personally, she said, noting 
that through an agreement to form 
Penta Films with Cecchi Gori, Berlus- 
coni has helped finance about 85 per- 
cent of all Italian films since 1989. 

Before starting Penta, Berlusconi 
made a fortune in publishing and tele- 
virion stations. 

Warming to the topic, she said: “He 
presents hmmelf as a new kind of 
pfj?Hrian l a b usinessman who wants 
to try to be a politician, and if they let 
him work, maybe hell give us proof of 
what he’s able to do. We’ll see.” 

If Berlusconi did not foster the 
ma 1 rmg of “Gao, Professorc," the film 
clearly grew out of the political cli- 
mate th«t led to his election. 

The collapse of Italy's previous po- 
litical class was partly caused by kick- 

back scandals, and partly by the revolt 
of the separatist Northern League, 
which supports Berlusconi’s govern': 
menL The league rallied northern Ital- 
ian voters with the cry that high taxes 
paid by the north went for handouts 
to the lazy south. 

Id the mm, a computer glitch lands! 
SpereUi, an elementary teacher from 
the north, in a gracefully decaying 
suburb of Naples. While awaiting re- 
assignment, he boards with a dotty 
Neapolitan family, dashes with his 
colleagues at school and with the chil- 
dren themselves. 

The story takes an ironic turn when 
straitlaced SpereUi starts bending so- 
ciety's rules to hdp jhe children. He 
roughs up a nun, hijacks a van and 
learns coarse Neapolitan phrases. By 
the time of Us reassignment, both he 
and the children have changed. 

Alejandro Bencivenni, a Roman 
writer who worked on the screenplay, 
said the film grew out of a collection 
of school compositions by children 
from Naples that became a best seller 
when it was published in 1990. 

The film made from these gle anin gs 
was a box office success in Italy but 
some critics complained of its senti- 
mental strain. 

lettaTotnabnonL of the Turin daily 
newspaper La Stampa, said the movie 
was “divided between pathos and en- 
joyment.” David Rooney, writing in 
Variety, chided its “disarming senti- 

Tuflio Kezich, a leading Italian film 
critic and longtime friend of Wert- 
muller, agrees.. “It’s part of the game 
of supply and demand.” he said dis- 
missivdy. “It’s not really a project of 
Lina’s. Though of coarse she's a 
southerner at heart, and Naples is her 
capital city. 

“Lina is a woman who always sailed 
against the wind,” he said, noting that 
she was the sole female director m an 
Italian world dominated by Federico 
Fellini, Bernardo Bertolucci and Mi- 
chelangelo Antonioni. 

“People expected a women to make 
films with sensibility, love stories, but 
T ina can be aggressive, independent, 

Wertmuller is accustomed to con- 
troversy. After the release of “The 
Seduction of Muni” (for which she 
won the best director award at the 
Cannes Festival in 1972}, “Swept 
Away” (her 1975 film, which was 
nominated for four Oscars), and “Sev- 
en Beauties” (1976). some critics 

hailed her as exciting and brilliant, 
while others found her overrated and ■ 

Interest subsided, however, as she 
produced several ordeal and commer- 
cial flops, including “Summer Night” 
and “Crystal or Ash. Fire or Wind, as 
Long as It’s Love,” both in the late 

Speaking in her gravelly alto voice 
and wearing her signature white eye- 
glasses, Wertmuller defends “Gao, 
Professorc,” recounting the tale of -a 
young Neapolitan boy who worked 
with Tier on an earlier film. 

“He didn’t go to school, could hard- 
ly read or write; spoke nothing but 
heavy Neapolitan dialect.” she said. 
“He worked with ns with such passion 
that in the end I was convinced we had 
saved f«»m from the milli on seductions 
of the street.” . . 

Then, several months ago; she read 
in the newspapers that theboy. now in 
his 20s, had been murdered over, 
dnigjs. So “Gary ProfessarcT sbe says, 
is really about violence, a fact of me 

i -Naples; . 


e for -tiftt-a. 

■ " 

whether you're 
Washington or 1 
She idtaes-io . 
some, see as.tlje. filmYstaL 
“Then that irieans th*U r^-rr^. 
taL” she snaps, addhlg'vnflj a ' [ 

,*Tve never Jbecn k befpw^tl guess 
Tm supposed to i&wbecohg it in this 
■qistitv'' ■ t ■_ . 

— v -rTT 


For Vanetta Sedgmve : 

Israeli audiences have 
snubbed British actress Vanesr\ 
Redgrave, an outspoken sup^ 
v j- <rf the Palestinian cause. / 
ine Haifa Municipal Theater ' 
announced that the curtain . / 
would not go up on “Brecht in 
Exfle," in which Redgrave was to. 
have appeared next, week. Only - , 
ISO advance tickets had been - $r 
sold for .ihe .tw6 shows. Israel I* 
Radio reported - T 


Andrew Uoyd Webber says 
he wdcotnes tire dhanoe to settle • 
his “Sunset Boulevard" prob- y 1 
ferns with Fay e Dunaway in V- 
court. Webber dosed. the Los'.. 
Angeles production last month. 
short-circuiting Dunaway’s do- T, 
but as sflent screca star Nona 
Desmond. Heclaimcd her voice 
wasn’t op to the - show’s de-. . v 
mauds. Dunaway has hired a 
lawyer legal action has 
yd been taken. : - • 

a . ' >; 

Prince Frederic Von Anhalt V..! 
surrendered his crucifix blessed 
by Pope John Paul U to Bfce 
Sommer's lawyer in court as 
part of a S33 mUtion judgment *’ 
against the prince audios Wife, 

Zsa Zsa Gabor, in damages for 
railing Sommer a Hollywood 

□ • - ■ 

Pianist Van CSbwrn, on his 
first concert tour in T6 years, i- 

fell ill halfway through a perf of ^ 

mance at the Hollywood Bowl - 
m Los Angeles and was forced - 
to cot It short. Gibiim apolo- -i 
'ied to the audience for what • 
called adizzarspelL . ! 

D ' v . 

Claws came out at Rome's 
high fashion shows when rivals: 
accused designer Valentino of 
timing a news conference with • 
cnj vr m odel Qaodfat Schtffer to - - 
steal the limelight. "This move 
was completely unethical,” de~ 
agner Egon von Furstenbera 
said, after journalists deserted 
his show to attend the event ' . 


5;classsif|ed - 

• Appears mt Pugri, 


v<=. -V - 




Low W 






21/70 ■ 


21/70 c 

29 *« 

18*4 t 



20*8 pc 34/93 

17*2 pc 

22/71 PC 

31 ft* 


21/70 S 


22/71 pc 


13*5 pc 


IB *4 pc 


17*2 s 


18*4 pc 


15*6 * 



17/62 pc 



17*2 a 

23/73 « 


12*3 PC 22/71 

14/57 pc 


13*9 pc 

2 i mi 


19/86 pc 32*9 

19*6 pc 


18/84 a 


19*8 a 



ia»i * 


21/70 ah 30*8 

21/70 s 

27*0 20*8 • 

18*4 • 



15*9 t 


14*7 sil 



19/66 a 

3 MM 

21/70 pc 


21/70 pc 32/10 

20*8 pc 


12/53 • 



16*1 PC 

20*8 * 



19*8 • 


22/71 c 


23/73 PC 


17*2 1 


18*1 1 


15*1 s 


17*2 pc 


12*3 ril 



19*6 a 


14/57 s 


16*1 m 


19*4 a 


19*8 pc 31*8 


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17*2 pe 

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19*4 pc 

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7 M 4 a 


8*6 PC 

for Thursday through Saturday, as provided by Accu-Weattw. Asia 

North America 

A glow-moving storm will 
bring welcomo heavy rains 
to Bw Ohio River Vsltay «nd 
the eastern Great Lakes 
states late tWs weak. Wash- 
ington. D C_ through Boston 
wil be very wann and hunid 
with scattered thunder- 
storms. Atlanta to Daflas wtl 
be dry and ha The Desert 
Southwest wH be ray hot 


A heat wave wUJ continue 
into late this week tram 
Madrid and Geneva through 
Beritn. Very warm weather 
will extend northward 
through Stockholm and 
Helsinki as wefl. A tow scat- 
tered thunderstorms will 
bring cooling rains to ths 
Low Cotrtrka. northwestern 
Germany and Norway. 


A few heavy downpours wO 
occur hom north ol Shanghai 
through North Korea tote this 
weak. Uncomtortabe heat 
and htvnkMy win continue 
from Shanghai to Tokyo. 
Cooing th un derst o rms may 
reach Sftantfiai War Friday 
or Saturday. Scattered 
heavy raina will soak the 
western PhBpprnes. 





am pc 




8/46 pc 







1308 pc 








11/52 pc 





32*9 20*8 pc 

North America 


i Symbol of 
s Author Grey et 


10 Joyful cries 
i« Hand cream 
15 Sommelier's 

t* Crow’s-nest 

17 Storage spot irt 
a Brooklyn 


i* Word with 
sound or dog 

so Jargon suffix _ . 
*t Hurry 

22 Petrol amount 
zj What a 

Brooklyn guy 
blames today's 
problems an 
theater floors 

M Place that Lot 

»i Eager 
32 What Brooklyn 
students hate to 




Middle East 

LaBn America 



Ugh Low 

3911 M 22/71 a 
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27/BO l<<57 a 
28/75 18*1 a 
3B/100 17*2 a 
41/106 28/79 S 

w tegh Low w 

OF Cff 
l 31*8 3303 a 
■ 34/83 21/70 a 
29/8* 17*2 • 
28/82 18*4 a 
38/10022/71 a 
42/107 2B/7B a 


dt Low W 

Low W 


Cf tf OF C* 

18/84 8/46 a 18*1 8/48 pC 

29*4 tone pc 28*4 20*8 pc 

18*6 18*1 ■ 1B*« 16/58 pc 

, , - ray 24/75 1303 ah 24/75 13*5 ah 

fltodtJanflfco 23/73 17*2 pc *4/73 18*4 pc 

16*9 S/43 a 19*6 8*48 a 






a T8*4 8/48 pc 

Apdh 41/106 28/79 s 42(10/ iSM/v a 

19*8 10/50 
29*4 22/71 
32/09 20*6 
31/88 19*8 
28*2 13*3 
29/84 18*4 
31/88 23/73 
33*1 24/75 
29*4 19*8 
32 *9 25/77 
27*0 17*2 
ZB/ 7 B 15*9 
31*8 24/75 
33*1 23/73 
44/111 28*2 
21/10 13*5 
77*0 13*5 
27*0 15*9 
33*1 23/73 

l im lira* pc 
t 31*8 22/71 pc 
i 30*8 19*5 pc 
pc 28/79 I 5 / 5 B 1 
I 29*4 14*7 pC 
pc 27*0 18*1 1 
pc 31*3 24/75 C 
pc 33*5 34/75 pc 
pc 31*8 18*4 pc 
I 33m 28*9 pc 
I 23/73 14*7 pc 
pc 28/79 13*5 pc 
pc 32*9 24/75 pc 
a 34/90 24/75 pc 
I 43 / 10929*4 a 
a 23/73 13/55 * 
a 28/79 13*9 pc 
pc 27*0 14/57 pc 
I 36*7 24/75 I 

Sobtioa to Ponle of Jafy 12 

HmBQQS ansa naa 

EDH0HHE3 (31303 BOH 
□QQH EBE3Q □□□311 
nnQQQHHQ aaa _ 
□Hsan aasaa ana 
naansam asaanaa 
saa EaaBQO aaaaa 

sasm QEiaa aaaa 
bqh HinaB aanana 
□□a □□□□! aaasna 
qbb BUKtia aaaBBB 

36 HaW of Mark’s 
stgn-off ■_ 
srSerra’stitfe . 

39 Ages ’ 

■ dt.Whtta -- 
catches at 
43 Creeper 

44T00400 ' ’ - i'V.' 

46 Wtiew a ^ 
Brorii^ifltB- ' V '■ 

47 Body (hat 
busted a - 

52 Anchor position 

53 Three, to Gina 

54 Job’s lot 

sTBoleforOtand - 

SB Laundry chore, - 
in Brooklyn 
02 Annoyed - 


B 4 Conception 
as Clumsy craft 
as Author Zora 


C 7 Shore fltar 
» Forced (to) 

■' at»Sb bnBws " 

T perhaps t - 
> - 4tPastaratspot. 

■ ,» Austoan-boro , 

TsjytouketaL.' . 

' Stars taught- <• 
.. . .sJetset>jei. 


• i‘" operation - 

cefBf*aTir%' ,? 

.. -KsttoWentto 


13 Dutch artist Jan 

is Noah'S dftfeaf ’ 

S3SSS9 * 

B 4 Sleepy dries* . 
saFulda feeder 
S7.Comk; Aykroyd . .. 
ss “Heavens! * 
as Missing 

»« Newspaper - 
35 Mens - — in 

37 Springs- . 

3 B One against 
40 Sundaysp*ec$:_ 

Abbr. ■ . - . 

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: .- 1 c T ;— / ••■( , <.^4BChk»fl»4r . . 

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— ' '.t r- .si*Ri«yte’Saga- 


• * 

B» Singular person 
•e Actor Eddfe^ 

U Slip into'-’ ;'V ‘ 
9 i Before, to Bums . 
bo Links grp- 
oi Dog command 


J-. 4 4 

Mm&mm mum. 


'C' m Sev York Times EdStedbyrWiU Shortz. . 

ASS’ Atxjess Numbers. 
How to tall around theworid. 

1 I’sutr ihechon bdew, find die coontrj- you arr ofing froai 
1 Dial the corresponding Aua - Access Nun±«r. 

customer service representative. 


Tiwd in a worid without borders, time zones 

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Imagine a worid where you can call country' to country as easily as you can from home. And 
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If you don’t have an AIKT Calling Card or you'd like more information on AIET global services, just call us using the 
convenient Access Numbers on your right 




ASA . , . * : ;• 

n . ■ ...Brazil 



1 - 600 - 881-011 Uodttomdn* 

- .15500-11 Ode 


China, PBO»* 10811 iXthmmJa* 

SA 196 'CrflamWa -- 



. OtS&fSLn? -timemfcpuig' ■ 

:*ooqoo»)* Costa Rica*« - 

- 1 *4 *. 

Hong Kong 

. . . 800-J^UL a ;MM edOpJ?, ^9-9«H288-: Ecuador* , 

• ... iw 


000-U7 : Mato* . 

. 0600-890-110 . ElSatosidorti. 



001-801-10 Monaco* 

' T9a-0011 Goaiemaia* 



003<*fH -{ WkStartancftf* '' 

ttlttWn ' 'Gasrana*** 



009^11 Norway ^ 

^-apO-BiO-U.-. . UoD/toasr* 

- ■ 

Korea a a 

•ir Podantfe- 

OAOWHfiiO-OJll MesruiMAA ’ 



800001) Porter 

05017-1-288 PScaragoa (Managua) 174 

New Zealand 

000911 IfnnranlM 

-• -01-800-4288 Panama* . - 



I05rU ^^-(Mosctwri 

i«wo42 . peiu* ' • : - 



295-2872 Slovakia 

0842800101 . Suriname 



HXMmi-m. 'sfrUn-\'~. ■ r ^ TTJ 

■' SOO-OWO-lt" - Uruguay • 


Sri Lanka 

430-430 . < S^edarl^ ^ ^ 

020-795-611 Veneznehm - 

■ 8WX11-J20 


• 0080-102800 . - 

. 155 - 00-11 . CARIRRFAN . 


O0l?-99M11I UJK. 

0500^90011 fhfrmm 


EUROPE Gliator 

8a 100-T1 Bennudat* 

1-800672- 288 T 


8al41U ... .WDIMOBEfliSX _. . . British VX 

- 1 600-872-2881 ■ 


022-903^)11 • . , ., . 

. - Cayman Islands 

‘ 1-800672-2881 


0800-100-10 -Cjpms* 

: 0&0-90CHIQ. ‘ Grenada* 





' "001-800-972-2883" 


iWMOli ■ ^Ruwato ^ ■. 

7,^,790^388 : Jamaica*** .. 

- 0600672-2381 

Czech Rep 

0O42fH»l(n Ldta>oo(Bcirnt) 

: 42^601 NeObAntil 



8001-0010 • Qatar ” r ' ' ' 



Finland* - - 

9800-100-20 ■■S«itftAnfea-.:c 

r A vt .M*i«o-io - . - AFRICA • 


19*0011 TatkeT - 

WOtkUm Egypt* CCaJrol 

- - 5106200 


. 01300010. . r 

«XK121 ..Gabon*.-. 



OOOOO-UQ yttfr ■ - -- AMVJGCAS ‘ ' ~ Gambta* 



ooaoooouu w&muih,:-,-. 

.msBfrmim Keaw* • 



999-001 Bdfce* .. . 

.^•^•..555 . 1 Jberfa: -• 



. looo^soooo^^fa*'- 

.”* : ' OW-1112 Sontah Africa 

0600 vwm 

rAaeCMflgCBd waya t wM rk ia dtoa a adeLjMfl 

moony mu are tjJtaa 

/OK QUUma* SenkcitiaBMfaBial^H 
JtBftmpagpUn^Sgri uatA r u imhute* 

i-i. - JrtSSSSfi 

MfcWm»hy phene.' 


pkonr» iraried. Lm!anl. 

CM mx-SB*ct >-iniin«tii t uSm <xir. 

I - 

©1994 ABB”