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INTERNATIONAL 


♦ 



eribunc 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 



** 


London, Thursday, July 14, 1994 


Pope as Literary Superstar? The Book’s in Hand 




No. 34.640 


By Alan Tiiedman 
_ taernatiomdffauld Tribune 

4U ^ akis — Call it a publisher’s dream. Or better still 
the answer to every agent’s prayers. 

The Pope has written a book, the- first by , sitting 
pOTjff dial is not a theological treatise but is toS 
rosiietad as a potential best-seller. 



w— — e mvvuiumv AToruunuva 

s eponymous Italian publishing house, 
roce paid by Mr- Mondadori, who is a devout 
1*118 is because all royalties an the 
which is. likely to be translated into more 
than 20 languag es, will go to charity. 

Tbose involved calculate &e book could sdl more than 

Kl rnilll Anr AM Ac VDAr14im4a ' - « 


hardcover and paperback global retail sales would come 
to more than 5100 million. ' 

In late March, with Pope John Paul II still completing 


: his hand-written manuscript in Polish, Mr. Mondadori 
contacted the New York seperagent Mort Janklow to sell 
world English rights. And cm Tuesday night Mr. Janklow 
sola those rights to Random House for an advance 
estimated to be more than $6 mfllion. 

For the 74-year-old Pope, the book of essays — 
A^rossmg tiie Threshold of Hope” — is a chanr» to 
convey his innermost thoughts about life and religion to 
readers, around the world. His previously published 
wanes include catechisms, plays written in his youth in 
Krakow, and a collection of poetry. 

For the publishers and agents, handling a book written 
by .the spiritual leader of more than 900 million CkthoKcs 
ib commercial heaven. 

Mr. Janklow, who said be was “flattered” to be asked 
to become the Pope’s agent, is forecasting big sales. “I 
think this book ww see the kinds of numbers that are 
stratospheric,” be said in an interview. 

Indirectly, the deaLwQl also bring prestige to Prime 


Minister Silvio Berlusconi of Italy, who still controls 47 
percent of Mondadori, having last month sold majority 
control of the Milan-based publisher in an international 
stock offering. 

The royalties will be handled through a special account 
being set up at the Zstiruto per le Opera di Religione, the 
Vatican bank. 

Mr. Mondadori signed the contract on June 30 with 
Joaquin Navarro-Valls, the Vatican spokesman who was 
acting on the Pope's behalf. He received the 35-chapter 
volume, which mil make for a 230-page book when it is 
published this fall, only after it had been translated by the 
Vatican from Polish to Italian. 

Mr. Janklow, who is believed to begetting his usual 15 
percent commission, refused to disclose the precise ad- 
vance he bad won from Random House, which will 
publish the book in the United States under its Alfred A 
Knopf imprint, and in Britain, Australia and New Zea- 

See POPE, Page 6 





Agenct Frmcc-ftcue 


RWANDAN RUINS — ? A woman sotting Wednesday among Kigali's wreckage. She is one of hundreds of thousands of refugees challenging the resources of 
relief agencies. Aid officials see a crisis developing as the Hutu refugee stream grows before the advancing army of Tutsi-dominated rebels. Page 2. 


Critical Point 
h Nearing for 
Peace Talks 
With Arabs 


By Gyde Haberman 

Jttw York Tima Service 

JERUSALEM — While attention' 
has been focused largely on the Pales- 
tinians and the start of their self-rule, 
peace talks between Israel and its 
Arab neighbors are ai a potentially 
decisive stage on more fronts than at 
any moment since they began three 
years ago. 

This week, Israel began a new 
round of negotiations with the Pales- 
tine Liberation Organization. In a few 
days, it will enter a new phase in its 
dialogue with Jordan, and at the same 
time it also wifl welcome the U.S. 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

secretary of state, who will try to 
breathe fresh life into stalled talks 
with Syria. Wherever the Syrians go, 
Lebanon can be expected to foDow. 

Some Israeli officials say that these 
efforts will, as they develop over the 
next few months, determine whether 
Middle East peace negotiators ulti- 
mately succeed or fail. And though 
others caution against such do-or-die 
forecasts, they agree that the multi- 
track talks have reached a critical 
point. 

One reason, they say, is the reality 
of Israel's political calendar. Having 
celebrated its second anniversary 
Wednesday, the Labor-led govern- 
ment of Erase Minister Yitzhak Ra- 
bin has two years left That gives it 
perhaps another year to come to terms 
with the Arabs before turning its at- 
tention to domestic politics. 

Should Labor then be ousted by the 
rightist Likud party, it is a fair bet that 
negotiations as they are now known — 
with Israel prepared to give up land 
far peace — will become a thing of the 
past 

For the moment, the talks com- 
manding Israel’s greatest interest are 
those with Jordan, which will take on 
a new look next week with the two 
sides bolding their fust open meetings 
in each other’s country. 

Negotiations on bender and water 
disputes are supposed to begin Mon- 
day in a tent set up along the frontier 
between the two countries, starting on 
the Israeli side. 

As part of this new direction, For- 
eign Minister Shimon Peres is sched- 
uled next Wednesday to become the 

See MIDEAST, Page 6 


Kim Jong U Takes Over Total Power, North Korea Announces 


By T. R. Reid 

Washington Pcot Service 

SEOUL — Supreme power in North 
Korea has passed to Kizn Jong B, the state- 
controlled radio reported Wednesday, say- 
ing he hM succeeded his late father in all 
three of the top positions. 

The report indicated that Mr. Kim, 52, 
had taken over as secretary-general of the 
Workers* Parly, the nation's only legal 


party, as commander of the mfllion- mem- 
ber armed forces, and as president. 

That would give the son full control of 
the governing apparatus set np by his fa- 
ther, Kim fl Sung, the “Great Leader,” 
who. died Friday, reportedly of heart at- 
tack. 

• Xq its characteristic style, .Radio Pyong- 
yang’s news service reported several times 
that "Our Dear Leader and comrade Kim 
Jong H, the sole successor to our Great 


Leader, now holds the revered positions at 
the top of the party, the government, and 
the revolutionary forces.” 

But South Korean officials said they 
woald await clearer notification from 
North Korea before concluding that the 
younger Mr. Kim has managed to cany 
out fully the transfer of power, the first 
hereditary succession in any Communist 
state- 

South Korean officials said the radio 


report was not surprising, since the trans- 
fer of the father's power to the son had 
seemed to be going smoothly following the 
fust word of Kim H Sung’s death. 

However, analysts here said they did not 
think Kim Jong H or anyone else could 
formally assume the three titles until the 
official funeral for Kim D Sung, set for 
Sunday. 

North Korea’s slate-run television ser- 
vice Wednesday released more videotape. 


showing near-hysteria among mourners 
wailing and weeping before statues of the 
late “Great Leader.” Citizens by the. tens 
of thousands were seen beating their 
breasts and crying uncontrollably. 

Radio Pyongyang said about 17 million 
North Koreans had taken part in public 
mourning rituals. 

South Korean officials said they expect- 
ed that some time would be required be- 

See KOREA, Page 6 


Rebound in Stock Markets 
Heartens European Traders 


By Eriklpsen 

International Herald Tribune 

.ONDON — The worst may be over for 
rppean bond and stock, markets, ana- 
s said Wednesday after European share 

;es headed upward. 

lhare prices in London, by far Luro pc s 
»est maikevwere strong, with roe FT- 
100 index dosing above the psychology 
|y important 3,000 level for the first 
e intnree weds. The index was up 41 
nts on the day. 

eparately, the dollar made a mud re- 
erTbrcakrag out of its recent cyde of 
[^although dealers were not on-. 
£ed thatmarket sentiment had 
need. (Page 9) 

It is whoopee yahoo 

rape’s stock markets. Like many others. 


iMXwever, he was reluctant to pronounce a 
major turning point. 

Indeed, experts still disagree as to what 
to call the huge losses in both bond and 
stock markets of recent months. Bets re- 
main evenly split between calling h-a mere 
correction m a buD market or calling it an 
out-and-out bear market. 

Whatever the definition, strategists say 
that there is much that ails the markets. 
Highest on the list, they place continuing 
uncertainty over the timing of likely in- 
creases in U.S. mterest rates. ■ 

Indeed, somo currency traders attribut- 
ed the dollar's comparative strength on 
European foreign exchange markets on 
Wednesday to rumors that tiie Federal 
Reserve would soon announce an interest 
rate increase of from one-half to three- 

See MARKETS, Page 6 



Kiosk 


Kttin Lanuiqnc-'RcuKtt 

READY FOR THE OPEN — Greg Norman riding to a practice round 
Wednesday in Tumberry, Scotland, where he will defend his British Open 
tide. The 123d edition of the golfing classic tees off on Thursday. Page 16. 


Rwandans Overwhelm 
Zairian Border Post 

Hutu refugees fleeing rebel forces of 
the Tutsi-dominated Rwandan Patriotic 
Front overwhelmed a border crossing in 
Zaire cm Wednesday, officials said 

A Red Cross worker estimated, that 
refugees were crossing the border at the 
rate of 10,000 an hour along a small dirt 
road just north of Goma, Zaire. 

The crossing was overrun after Zairian 
officials closed the main crossing at 
Goma. Behind those first Rwandan refu- 
gees, one aid worker estimated, 1 million 
refugees were en route Wednesday on a 
40-fcuometer stretch of road from Ru- 
hengeri to Gisenyi. 

Gisenyi, in western Rwanda across the 
border from Goma, is the stronghold of 
Rwanda’s mostly Hutu interim govern- 
ment (Page 2) 


Book Review 
Bridge 


Pkge 7. 
Page 7. 


1 

”op^ 

1.62 

3704.28 

loo 

The Dollar 

WKi.dOffi _ 

previous doss 

5i ^ 3 — 

Pound 

1.564 

1.5BBO i 

Y*» 98.225 

Iff 


5.2785 

| 

ttAuiwrtond Prices _ 


Back to Baghdad: Dealmakers Gear Up 


jffeES Naira 

Q ff f ra '_ 4 . - S.OORIcrfs 

Rep. I retail R£ 1.00 
lam£0J5 Saudi ArotoflPJOR 
E.P.5000 south Africa ..-Rf 

,IJD ILA.E BBODirtt 

CSH.150 UAMH.(Br-)SL™' 

_gj 0 pns Bmteawe. ZlnJM 


By Carylc Murphy 

Washinglon Pest Sorter 

BAGHDAD — This isolated city has 
not heard so many foreign accents in a 
longtime.' 

Four dozen. Frenchmen led the way, 
jftf flUH ying into Baghdad in two separate 
delegations peppered with corporate hon- 
chos. Japanese, Italian and Spanish busi- 
nessmen also showed up In the past month 

or so, as did a German parliamentary dele- 

eation, a Pakistani aviation official and a 
deputy foreign teamster. . 

The viols, along- with an increasing 
number of trips abroad by senior Iraqi 
officials, are the most illustrative demon- 
stration of the waning m will to 


maintain United Nations trade sanctions 
imposed on Iraq after it invaded Kuwait 
nearly four years ago. 

Most of those who arrived came to 
“prospect,” as a Frenchman put it, for 
deals once sanctions are lifted. 

Even the U.S. interests section inBagh- 
dad, run by the Polish Embassy, is Adding 
calls from Americans inquiring about the 
risks of visiting here. 

“They say, *We got this invitation to 
visit from the Iraqi government,’ ” a source 
said, “and the first question they ask is, 
‘Will they kill us if we come?’ ” 

The company officials are informed that 
the Iraqis win not kill than, but that the 
U.S. government may prosecute them 


since travel to Iraq on U.S. passports is 
restricted- Some U.S. companies are said 
to be getting around this by having Iraqi 
visas stamped on pieces of paper, meeting 
Iraqi officials in Jordan or sending non- 
U.S. employees to Baghdad. 

Iraqi officials are about to launch anoth- 
er blitzkrieg OB UN diplomats in New 
York as the next sanctions review comes 
up next Monday. Diplomats here and UN 
officials say they expect no significant 
change at the review and predict the ban 
on Iraqi oil sales will continue until at least 
Gariy next year. 

Still the international mood appears to 

See IRAQ, Page 6 


WORLD CUP tV# GRANDSTAND 


Italy 2, Bulgaria 1 

Roberto Baggio scored twice early, 
and the Italians held on to advance to 
the finals. Italy opened the game ata 
furious pace, and when Baggio 
scared in the 21st minute and then 
again five minutes later, it looked like 
an Italian rout. But Bulgaria came 
back as the first half ended, with 
Hristo Stoichkov converting a penal- 
ty shot 

Saturday's Silrd-pJ*ee match: Bulgaria vs. 
Brazl [-Sweden loser, in Pasadena, California, 
1935 GMT. 

Sunday’s championship match: Italy vs. Bra* 
*4-Sweden winner, in Pasadena. 1935 GMT. 
Warki Cup report Pago 17 


Israel Expels 
3 Palestinians 
Entering Gaza 
With Arafat 

Other Senior PLO Aides 
Barred Until 2 More 
Fugitives Are Found 

By David Hoffraan 

Washington Post Sennet 

JERUSALEM — Three Palestinians — 
two of them described as planners of one 
of the most infamousaltackseveron Israe- 
li civilians — were expelled Wednesday b\ 
Israel soon after they rode into the Gaza 
Strip in the motorcade of YasseT Arafat. 
Two others were still being sought. 

The three, who arrived Tuesday, were 
forced to cross back into Egypt late 
Wednesday. 

Israel barred other senior officials of the 
Palestine Liberation Organization from 
entering the self-rule areas of the Gaza 
Strip and Jericho until the two men still 
being sought were found and expelled. 

Among those in the Palestine National 
Authority' whom Israel said it would not 
admit pending the expulsions were Yasser 
Abed Rabbo, the minister of communica- 
tions, who is waiting in Jordan along with 
17 members of his PLO faction. Ahmed 
Qurei, the economics minister, was also 
scheduled to arrive in the self-rule area 
Friday and would be held up unless the 
two Palestinians were found. Israeli offi- 
cials said. 

Two of those expelled Wednesday were 
described by Israel as “directly responsi- 
ble” for pl annin g the 1974 attack on an 
Israeli school in Maalot that left 21 teen- 
agers dead. An Israeli soldier and three 
Palestinian guerrillas also were killed in 
the attack. 

The other Palestinians being expelled, 
including the two being sought, are ac- 
cused of pl annin g other violent attacks 
against Israelis. 

The discovery that the Palestinians had 
entered Gaza with Mr. Arafat touched off 
an uproar among Israeli politicians. 

The. Israeli foreign minister. Shimon 
Peres, said it was an “unpleasant trick." 
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin said of the 
Palestinians. *T believe they have to lea -n 
the lesson that they cannot cheaL” 

Mr; Rabin accused Mr. Arafat's entou- 
rage of hying to smuggle the men into 
Gaza in the motorcade. 

Rightist opposition politicians attacked 
the government over the incident. Benja- 
min Begin, a member of Parliament, said 
Mr. Rabin had also granted permission for 
the entry of Amin Hindi; Israel has de- 
scribed him as a planner of the 1972 mas- 
sacre of 1 1 Israeli athletes at the Munich 
Olympics. 

Mr. Begin said Mr, Arafat was "ulti- 
mately responsible for all the planning and 
execution of so many terrorist attacks suc- 
cessfully perpetrated against Israelis all 
these years.” Two small opposition parties 
submitted a no-confidence motion in the 
Parfiaineat over the incident, which will be 
debated next week. 

Palestinian officials did not defend the 
move and tried to defuse the criticism. 

“The four iried to get into Gaza illegally. 
thinking they would sneak in with Arafat." 
said Major General Nasser Yousef, com- 
mander of the Palestinian police force, “if 
was illegal, but we solved the problem and 
it is all over.” Although Genera! Y'ousef 
referred to four men. Israeli authorities 
said five were involved. 

Oded Ben Ami, a spokesman for Mr. 
Rabin, said the Palestinians were supposed 

See EXPEL, Page 6 

Patten Blames 
China for Jitters 
In Hong Kong 

By Edward A Gargan 

New York Tunes Service 

HONG KONG — At times battered by 
ferocious criticism from Beijing, and at 
times ignored, Hong Kong’s governor on 
Wednesday vigorously defended his pro- 
gram of local democratization and lashed 
out at the Chinese government for under- 
mining confidence in the colony in the 
three years before Britain surrenders sov- 
ereignty. 

Mixing sarcasm with passion, anger 
with fervor. Governor Chris Patten placed 
blame for the growing nervousness among 
many people in Hong Kong about China’s 
looming takeover squarely on the shoul- 
ders of Bering's leaders. 

In an interview at his office in the gover- 
nor’s residence, the man who is probably 
Britain’s last governor here said that confi- 
dence in the colony could only.be assured 
by Beijing. 

M I have never sought to deny that they 
can come in and throw out the Legislative 
Council, the directly elected local govern- 
ment and bodies that have been created” 
Mr. Patten said. “I don’t think that nil] be 
widely regarded as a very effective way of 
winning people's minds and hearts. And I 
think the rest of the world will inevitable 
see China's assumption of international 
responsibilities very much through the 
prism of how it deals with Hong Kong ar.d 
now it behaves in Hong Kong.” 

Two weeks ago, Hong Kong’s Leejsla- 

See PATTEN, Page 6 






, _ .. - i — .-a-.-tosc.: 




Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1994 


Panicked Rwandans 
Swarm Into Zaire 


Cenfdedby Our Staff From Dapasdvs 

GOMA, Zaire — Driven by 
fear, hundreds of thousands of 
Hutu refugees in western 
Rwanda overwhelmed a tiny 
border crossing and flooded 
into Zaire on Wednesday, aid 
workers said. 

The aid workers said they 
may be facing one of the 
world’s biggest humanitarian 
crises. 

A Red Cross official estimat- 
ed that, starting late Wednes- 
day, refugees were crossing the 
border at the rate of 10,000 an 
hour along a tiny road just 
north of Goma. 


' The refugees were fleeing 
ahead of the Rwandan Patriotic 


Front, the Tutsi rebel group 
of the 


that holds two-thirds ol 
country and is advancing west 
against the remaining govern- 
ment troops. 

The crossing point — 
mann ed by one guard on a dirt 
road — was overrun after Zair- 
ian officials closed the main 
c ross ing, at Goma. Aid workers 
and reporters who had used 
Goma as their base for western 
Rwanda, were allowed to cross 
back into Zaire at Goma, but 
only on foot. Cars had to be left 
in Rwanda. 

Behind those first Rwandan 
refugees, one aid worker esti- 
mated that I million refugees — 
“a wall of people” — were seen 
Wednesday on a 40-kilometer 
(25-mile) stretch of road from 
Ruhengeri to Gisenyi. 

Gisenyi across the border 
from Goma, is the stronghold 
of Rwanda’s interim govern- 


ment, made up of members of 
its Hutu majority. 

Rebels have threatened to 
inarch on to Gisenyi if the Hutu 
leaders who encouraged the 
massacre of an estimated 
200,000 people — mostly Tutsi 
civilians and Hutu opposition 
leaders — were not apprehend- 
ed 

"The situation is bad,” said 
Johanna Grom bach, bead of 
the International Committee of 
the Red Cross in Goma. “It is a 
h umani tarian catastrophe.” 
“The needs are too much, just 
too much for the ICRC,” Miss 
Grombach said. “We cannot 
feed all these people. The medi- 
cal needs are also enormous.” 
The charity Doctors Without 
Borders said it would begin op- 
erating in the government-held 
area of Rwanda on Thursday. 
But an official said, “It’s a huge 
and challenging task, and 
frankly we just do not have the 
capacity, the means, to cope 
with the situation.” 

The French military in Goma 
on a humanitarian mission also 
said the situation was critical. 

u We are witnessing a dramat- 
ic level of a humanitarian cri- 
sis,” said Colonel Didier Bol- 
leU, a military spokesman. 
“And what is needed is massive 
injection of funds, massive sup- 
port.” 

Political analysis say only an 
immediate end to the rebels’ ad- 
vance will ease the situation, 
but French intelligence officers 
say they have detected no such 
signs from the Front. 

(AP. Reuters) 


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TeL +39 (0)6 3326 4841 Fax +39 (0)6 3326 2608 




WORLD BRIEFS 


French Aide Rejects Germans’ March ^ 

Wednesday against Gennan troops taxing pan- 

of 

. liberation,” Mr. pa W- j^ted German troops to the 
President Franco* A poB in the 

French people ; 

Ukraine CMef Backs Off Russia ’Kes 

. t n V nr4ima distant? 


KIFV fAP) - Prudent-elect Leonid D. Kuchma d istance d , 
. himself^ WeSesda^TiOtn proponents of political utuon between 

U ^ e rSi J X£sed that ULmt« «tnm to the Russian cm- 

St^erjaaeasiSiv * 

■ ch oir in elections Sunday. , . . ties between 

Mr Kuchma, who has promised to restore Close uo mwa 

future role m Ukrainian . 

tant” he sakL~But they’ll not be allowed to betothe detrmrait of 
^reSr^ tSS statea.” He added that Krev intended to 
“keep the door open” to the West. 

Firms Pull Workers Out of Algeria 

.... . .-m r« ; (Wwi TVniTMHr and Yueos 


Antony NJvuma/ Hesters 

Thousands of Rwandans waiting at a Tanzania camp Wednesday for a visit by Sadako Ogata, (be UN refugee chief- 


Nigeria Bows to Pressure From Strikers 


The Aaoaated Press 


LAGOS — Pressured by a 
led at 


crippling oil strike aims 
ousting the military regime, Ni- 
geria's leaders promised 
Wednesday to release impris- 
oned union officials and hinted 
that they would free the man 
who apparently was elected 
president last year. 

The military government of 
General Sard Abacfaa, faced 
with the sdffest challenge to its 
hard-line rule, met throughout 
the day while widespread 
strikes continued to strangle the 


economy of this nation of 90 
million people. 


Thousands of managers in 
the oil industry, including engi- 
neers and supervisors on off- 
shore rigs, joined the strike on 
Tuesday. 

The government was unusu- 
ally conciliatory Wednesday, 
but did not address the mam 
demand of a broad-based labor 
coalition: that the government 
resign and give power to Mo- 
shood K.O. Abiola, the busi- 
nessman who apparently won 


the June 12, 1993, election that 
was voided by the military. 

Information Minister Jerry 
Gana invited union leaders to 
meet with the government, an 
offer the union had rejected ear- 
lier Wednesday. 

The government also said it 
would release union leaders 
who were jailed when o3 work- 
ers triggered a series of strikes 
by trade unions on July 4. 

Most significantly. Mr. Gana 
said the government would not 
oppose the release of Chief 


Abiola, who was arrested after 
he declared hims elf president in 
June to mark the first anniver- 
sary of the presidential election 
aimed at ending a decade of 
militazy rule. 


Chief Abiola has been 
charged with treason in the fed- 
eral court in Abiga. 

He has a bail bearing sched- 
uled for Thursday, and his re- 
lease may be imminent as the 
government seeks to placate 
growing grass-roots opposition 
to its role. 


“ 

ALGIERS (AP) — Companies from Denmark and Yugoslav • 
mMthSrstaffsout atA& on Wedne sday as foreigners fled 

# concrete plant they were building, a spokesman for the company 

**A company from Yugoslavia announced it 

would withdraw all its remaining workers after two were killed 
and one was wounded when gunmen sprayed a restourant wilh 
bullets Monday . Since September, 51 foreigners have been kfltodg 
in Algeria. 


m Atgcxm. 

Rhodes Gets More Police After Blasts 

ma t, z' l cm! inti msmhen 


Seeing Spies Everywhere, China Acts 


Realm 

BEIJING — China has 
stepped up state security with 
the adoption of new laws to 
counter internal dissent and 
what it calls ceaseless espionage 
by foreign governments. 

Prime Minister Li Peng pro- 
mulgated the regulations, 
passed in May by the cabinet, 
on June 4, the Fifth anniversary 
of the Chin ese Army crack- 
down on pro-democracy pro- 
tests, but they were published 
by the Legal Daily only on 
Wednesday. 


Under the regulations, for- 
eign institutions, organizations 
and foreigners in China will be 
considered hostile if they fi- 
nance, collude with or engage in 
subversive activities endanger- 
ing state security, the newspa- 
per said. 

Subversion, instigation of re- 
bellion and sabotage by over- 
seas espionage agencies in Chi- 
na have never ceased, according 
to the State Security Ministry. 

The official media periodi- 
cally report the capture of al- 


leged overseas spies, most of 
whom are said to work for Tai- 
wan. 

The regulations define sub- 
versive activities as: the organi- 
zation of terrorist activities, the 
fabrication or distortion of 
facts or the spreading of views 
that endanger stare security, 
and the use of religion to incite 
ethnic strife. 

Those who cause severe harm 
to the state by shielding crimi- 
nal activities or hindering state 
security work win be punished, 
the newspaper said. 


Beijing Sets 
New Talks 
In Taipei 


ATHENS (AFP) — The Greek government sent 100 members 
of a special police unit lo the Aegban resort island of .Rhodeson 
Wednesday after three bomb attacks this -week in which eight 
persons, including six tourists, were wounded. - 

The public order minister, Stylianos-Angdos Papathemelis, 
he was sending in police remforcements to ward off new 
awM+t in what he described as “an organized anti-Greek offen- 
rive.” There has been ho claim of responsibifity for the attacks . 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


EC IJnveils Model of Common Visa 


Smoker’s Killer in Japan Won’t Be Jailed 


Return 

TOKYO — A man who caused a smoker's 
death by kicking him after he lit a cigarette in 
a no-smoking area at a Japanese railroad 
station has received a three-year suspended 
sentence. 

Knzuo Kuwahara. 28. received the sentence 
from the district court in Urawa, north of 
Tokyo, on Tuesday. Anti-smoking activists 
had called for leniency in the case. 


Mr. Kuwahara had pleaded guilty to caus- 
ing bodily harm resulting in the death of 


Hideo Sugiura. a 57-ycar-old housepainter. 

The defendant had submitted a written 
statement telling the court he could not toler- 
ate what be called violent smoking that might 
harm other people. 


The incident took place on March 7 when 
Mr. Kuwahara, an office worker, found him- 
self alongside Mr. Sugiura on a suburban 
station platform. 

Seeing the older man smoking in a no- 
smoking area, Mr. Kuwahara elbowed him in 
protest, the court beard. 

Then, fearing a counterattack, he kicked 
Mr. Sugiura in the face and neck. The painter 
fell, fatally fracturing his skull. 

Judge Seiji Habuchi said Mr. Kuwahara 
should have been content with warning Mr. 
Sugiura for contravening the smoking ban. 
But be ruled that the defendant kicked the 
victim only once and had not intended to kfll 
him. 


Agence France. Prase 

BEIJING — China has re- 
sponded to Taiwan’s invitation 
to resume stalled talks, propos- 
ing that a fifth round begin in 
Taipei on July 25, the China 
Daily reported Wednesday, 

TW talks, proposed in a mes- 
sage from China’s Association 
for Relations Across the Tai- 
wan Straits to its counterpart, 
fbe Straits Exchange Founda- 
tion, would be the frat since the 

killing of 24 Taiwan tourists in 
China on March 31 soured rela- 
tions. ' 

The message from the Chi- 
nese semi-official body said the 
the two groups’ deputy secre- 
tary-generals would be continue 
mg then; discussions on repatri- 
ating hq ackers and indrvidnals 
who enter fllegally,as well as on 
fishing disputes. Xinhua said- 

It also proposed talks on July 
27 between the two secretary^ 
generals, Tang Shubei and Ins 
Taiwan counterpart, QriaoJi 


BRUSSELS (Reuters) ■ — The European Commission unveiled : 
the model for a common visa Tor entry into European Union 
countries Wednesday, but officials said free movement within 
member states would not happen overnight. The visa, which 
would be needed by certain non-EU nationals, would be forgery- 
proed and recognized by aO immigration officials. 

“AD this means we wffl have historic and political developments . 
in thfi flnmn ni iiit y before ton lraig" the internal market cnunmis- . 
saner, Raniero Vanin d’AichiraG, said at apress conference. - 
The move follows a c ommissi on proposal mat contains a list of.^. 
12Scouniri»whb6e ziatibaal5 would need a^visa to enter theEU, * 
The British argue that the fist is too laige and includes countries, , 
such as. South Africa and Commonwealth countries, whose na- * 
tiooak do not currently require visas to rater Brilairc Conversely, ; 

Britain says that ibcfe are some countries not on the EsC such as.*; 
some parts of former Yugoslavia, which are on Britain’s list. 

No one was gored and’ only, four persons were treated in 
hospitals fmhriror injuries in the running of the bulb Wednesday, > 
a raativtiy light toll for tine San Fenmn festival in Pamplona, * 
Spain. The injuries brought to-51 the total of persons sent to » 
emergency wards for sodi injuries in this year’ s festival. The eight- ) 
day festival ends Thursday. - - (AP) * 

A 24-how strike by British Rafl signal staff , the fifth in five ! 
weeks in pursuit of a demand for more pay, halted 80 percent of ‘ 
Trains on Britain’s national network Wednesday. The National ' • 
Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport 'Workers has called ) 
another of the cmce-a- week stoppages for Wednesday. (AP) -• 


ho, focusing onlosses of prop- 
i bflater- 


Japan Airlines wB begin Bight s between Kansai International 
Airport in Qsalm and iimdan ami Paris cm September 1 . (AFP) 
Yietnanwffltakeooabulorair baffle over the southern part of 
the country in December after spending hundreds of millions ol 


erty and life suffered in 
al exchanges in recent years, the 
agency sard. 


dollars upgrading radar and radio equipment, the Vietnam News 
Agency reported Wednesday. Since 1975, the region was divided 


into three zones^f responsibility handled by air traffic oontroikn 
in Thailand, Singapore and Hong Kong. (AFP) 


West Takes a New Tack to Fight Child Sex Trade Overseas 


By Charles P. Wallace 

Las Angela Tuna Service 

BANGKOK — Early last year, a retired 
Swedish dvil servant was arrested during a police 
raid in the beach resort of Pattaya. and charged 
with molesting a 13-y ear-old boy in his hotel 
room. As is common in prosecutions involving 
child prostitution in Aria, the case never went to 
trial. 

Instead, the Swede was released on 54.000 bail 
and left the country. Since Sweden has no extra- 
dition treaty with Thailand, it appeared that his 
legal problems were over. 

After returning to Sweden, however, he re- 
ceived a shock. The state prosecutor, Sven -Erik 
Affirm, informed him that he was being officially 
investigated — the formal stage before prosecu- 
tion — for violating Sweden’s own child molesta- 
tion law with his activities in Thailand. It is the 
first time Swedish authorities have contemplated 
using the 30-year-old law for crimes involving 
children overseas, Mr. Alhem said. 

While the Swedish traveler maintains his inno- 
cence and prosecutors are still awaiting evidence 
from Thailand before proceeding, the case has 
become the opening skirmish in a novel, world- 
wide legal battle to curb the flourishing trade in 
child prostitutes. 


In the past year, Germany, France and Aus- 
tralia have proposed tough legal measures to 
discourage their citizens from traveling abroad 
for child prostitution. In the United States, Sen- 
ate and House versions. of a law on child abuse 
overseas have been sent to a joint congressional 
committee along with the rest of the current 
crime bilL 

Child prostitution is one of the saddest 
scourges in developing Asia. Every year, thou- 
sands of men from Western Europe, the United 
States and Australia fly into Southeast Asia in 
search of children, bom boys and girls, as sex 
partners or to use in pornography. Some poor 
parents in developing countries sell their chil- 
dren into a kind of slavery, while governments 
desperate for tourist dollars turn a blind eye. 

Previously, efforts to control the trade have 
largely failed because of corruption. Now, how- 
ever, efforts around the world have been galva- 
nized in a campaign to adopt strict laws in the so- 
called “consumer” countries to discourage men 
from venturing overseas for underage sex. 

The campaign is being spearheaded by a small 
group called End Child Prostitution m Asian 
Tourism, which was founded in Bangkok is 3990 
during an international conference on tourism. It 
has offices in 26 countries. 

“Our goal is to let people know that if they 


want a child prostitute in Thailand or elsewhere 
in Aria, (hat they are doing something illegal," 
said Sudarat S. Stisang, a Thai social worker who 
became the group's executive director. “Before, 
there was this attitude that it was O.KL, that there 
was an acceptance in this part of the world. Well, 
it’s no longer O.K.” 

Although precise statistics are not available, 
Mr. Sudxrat's group estimates that nearly 1 mil- 
lion children are involved in As iaVsex trade, 
including 300,000 to 400,000 in India, 200,000 to 
300,000 in Thailand, 100,000 each in die Philip- 
pines and Taiwan, 40,000 in Vietnam and 30,000 
w Sri Tanka. A recent report suggested that war- 
devastated Cambodia is fast becoming a haven 
for child prostitution. 

The proposed UjS. law would expand (he 
Mann Act, which makes it an offense to travel 
across state lines for immoral purposes, to make 
it a felony to travel outride the united States to 
engage in any sexual act with a minor (hat would 
be illegal in America. It would also be illegal for 
Americans to traffic in dnhl pornography 
overseas. 

Enforced by a special Justice Department of- 
fice, the proposal calls for punishment of 10 
years’ imprisonment for a fist offense and 20 
years for a second offense. Civil liberties advo- 
cates had initially questioned whether it was 


legal to try someone in the United States for a 
crime committed overseas. But legal experts said,/ 
this coraept of “extraterritoriality” hay been; 
upheld m sue* cases as the one against' the ; 
farmer P anaman ian leader Manuel Antonio . 
Noriega, who was tried and convicted in Miami 
on eight counts of racket e ering, conspiracy and 


Late last year, Germany enacted a law provid- 
mg for prison, sentences of up to 10 years for any* 
German who engages in sexual practices with a" 
c hild under 14, even if the crime takes place in a 
fore ign c ounty. France also adoptedpunitive 
measures, while Britain promised to provide 
Asian countries with- fists of known British pedo- 
philes so they can be kept out by immi gration 
officials. . 

- ‘One of the most sweeping proposals was 
adopted by thejower house of Austiafia’s Padia-. 
meat earlier this year and is awaitin g by 

the upper house. It provides for up to 14 years’ 
imprisonment for cases involving children under 
_I2 ami up to seven years’ imprisonment for those 
involving youngsters between 13 and 16. ' 
t M r. Sudarat’s group has focused on enacting 
laws m the “consumer” nations because only a 


Asia, although the number is starting to 

grow. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1994 


THE AMERICAS/ 


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APOLITICAL MATES* 


Con y^ss Swear s H Can Keep a Secret 


cJrti S |SI? 401 i?? ~ 1116 House counsel. Llovd 

fh ^ «Slif s J ea ?? etI ?P. extraordinary secrecy agreement with 
£! tSS!! ®“ k,n I^ omm,ttee . t o ^ documents related to 
K.l- V ? teW l ler a ^ air 35 classified materials until hearingis 
wgui later this month. ... 

^? use ® an ^* n g Committee also has agreed to give the 
documents unusual protection. Mr. Cutler said TuesSav the 
an^angemenls were negotiated with committee lawyers* and 
J2|P 10 Prev^t “random leaking of documents out 

■ H Z!!! d0c , u ” ents ’ w ^ich detail contacts between the White 
.12 v2Ln treasury Department about the early stages of 

rn^«!? ,tC !f ater ,nv f s li ga ^9 ru 35-5 being kept In safes in secure 
ooms under guard. The limited number of Republican and 
Democratic banking committee staffers allowed to see them 
are being asked to sign confidentiality agreements. 

ftepublicaiis, who had waged a long struggle with Demo- 
cratic leaden to schedule Whitewater hearings In both 
nouses, agreed to the unusual terms because they were 
concerned that they might otherwise' be denied access to the 
documents. Republican sources said. ' • (WP) 

U-S- Weighs Mandatory Identity Cards 


NEW YORK — The United States; in a response to its 
inability to control illegal immigration, may soon ask every 
American to cany a national identity card that would be 
required when applying for. work or social. benefits. 

Called an “Employee Verification Registration,” the card 
would include a photograph, a magnetic strip with statistiail 
information, a Social Security number and, possibly, finger- 
prints, CBS News reported. 

The card could be propo.sed by the U.S. Commission on 
Immigration Reform, a bipartisan group that CBS said had 
already discussed the concept with the White House, which 
tentatively endorsed the idea. 

The card would be required when applying for work or 
social benefits and would be phased in by age groups over 
several years, CBS said. (Reuters) 

Senate Sidelines a Pro-Labor Measure 

WASHINGTON — Legislation to bar employers from 
hiring permanent replacements for striking workers was 
effectively doomed alter the Senate twice failed to break a 
filibuster by conservatives. 

The “workplace fairness” measure, a top legislative priori 
ty o£,-organized labor and one endorsed by the Clinton 
administration, will be shelved for the year. 

In a largely party-line roll call vote of 53 to 46 on Wednes- 
day. the Senate failed to get the 60 votes required to limit 
ite and force a bill to passage. f WP) 


A V 

Catholics Mobilize to Block Coverage for Abortions 


• By Peter Steinfels 

Ne» Tark-Tunes Semcc 

NEW YORK —Tlie nation’s Roman Catholic 
bishops have warned Congressional leaders that 
they are mobilizing Bullions of church members 
against any health care plan that requires all 
health insurers to cover abortion as part of a 
standard package of benefits. 

In a letter to congressional leaders this week, 
the bishops reaffirmed their support for chang- 
ing the health system to achieve universal cover- 
age. But they promised “vigorous opposition” to 
any health plan that includes a requirement of 
abortion coverage. 

Although the bishops have stated this position 
repeatedly, they have watched with consterna- 
tion as each of tte five draft health bills that have 
passed congressional committees has included a 
requirement for abortion coverage. 

“We haven't been listened to,” said Helen 
Alvare, a spokeswoman for the the National 
Conference of Catholic Bishops. “It was our 
hope that by now we would have been able to 
impress on members of Congress the dramatic 
violation of our conscience that inclusion of 
abortion would be.” 

Most private health plans include coverage of 


abortions, but Catholics and others have the 
choice of buying insurance that does not include 
it. 

Rrauiring such coverage in a uniform national 
benefits package “will force millions of employ- 
ers, churches and individuals to subsidize abor- 
tion in violation of their consciences," the bish- 
ops* letter said, and “will jeopardize the future of 
Catholic and other religious providers of health 
care” 

The letter, sent to 30 leaders of Congress, was 
signed by Archbishop W illiam H. Keeler of Bal- 
timore president of the bishops conference. Car- 
dinal Roger Mahony of Los Angeles, chairman 
at its Pro-Life Committee, and Bishop John R. 
Ricard of Baltimore, who serves on the bishops’ 
Domestic Policy Committee. 

Church officials around the country are now 
beginning a stepped-up effort to press their op- 
position in visits to political leaders and to mobi- 
lize parishes, church organizations and the exten- 
sive Roman Catholic hospital system, in hopes 
that members will make their views known to 
Gragress. 

Church officials said they hoped that when 
ressional leaders and the White House craft 
health legislation in the coming weeks, it 


will be apparent that the political costs of includ- 
ing abortion services will outweigh the benefits. 

In effect, the Catholic leaders are offering a 
carrot and a stick. They have pledged their 
strong support for a major overhaul of health 
care that includes universal coverage, so long as 
it excludes abortion services. But they have also 
marii» it dear that a plan that includes abortion 
coverage will face organized opposition from 
Catholic leaders and groups. 

The abortion issue is one of the biggest con- 
cerns of the Democratic strategists trying to 
piece together a majority for a health care bill. 
Their fear is that coming down on either side will 
cost votes. With Democratic leaders increasingly 
aware of how narrow a margin they may be 
working with to pass a bill, the hunt will be 
intense for some land of compromise. 

Last month Hillary Rodham Clinton seemed 
to open the door to a strategic retreat, even on 
abortion, saying: “It is very difficult to tell exact- 
ly where we are going to have to make whatever 
compromise.” 

Abortion rights advocates, who note that most 
Americans already have abortion services cov- 
ered in private insurance plans, have vowed to 


fight any effort to remove abortion from any 
new, standard benefits package. 

“While everyone respects tSe dictates of indi- 
vidual conscience, we strongly oppose the bish- 
ops’ plan to impose their views on women's 
reproductive health on society as a whole,” said 
James Wagoner, executive vice president of the 
National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Ac- 
tion League. 

The dual position — support for universal 
coverage and strong opposition to including - 
abortion services — distinguishes the bishops’ 
position from that of some conservative Chris- 
tian groups who not only oppose abortion but 
also oppose virtually any major health-care 
changes. 

It is also central to the bishops’ hope for 
mobilizing Catholics well beyond the usual cir- 
cles of fervent abortion foes, such as Catholic 
doctors and nurses and church members working 
with low-income and minority populations. 

In the health proposals before Congress, pub- 
lic funds would subsidize the insurance of poor 
people, and thus abortion coverage for them. But 
the Catholic leaders are objecting more broadly 
to the proposed requirement that all the coun- 
try's insurance plans include abortion coverage. 


day, I 
debat 


Quoto/lliuiiiote 


David King, an assistant professor at Harvard University, 
on Senator Edward M. Kennedy's upcoming re-election race 
and a probable challenge from a Republican businessman, 
Mitt Romney: “Mitt Romney has a lot more money than 
anyone who has run against Ted Kennedy in the past. And 
money is the name of the game in gaining name recognition in 
this country.” (Reuters) 


Away From Politics 


• At least two Inmates were killed and two crifkaOy wounded 

in a riot at a. medium security prison north of Hartford, 
officials iir Connecticut said. Two guardS were also -wounded, 
in the fighting, which involved about 200 prisoners at the Cari 
Robinson Coit^dnal Institution^ in Tinfield. ; 

■ A helicopter car ry ing fire fighfcss between, brush fires 
crashed in r^kwMexk»,1tilfiiig three peopleand injuring two, 
authorities said. The crash started a blaze m a forest 30 mOes 
(50 kflomeieis) northeast of Silver City. 

• A Coast Guard helicopter hit a UDsMe while searching in f og 
for a stranded fishing boat, kffling all four crew members 
aboard, it Was reported in Shelter Cove, California. 

• Running counter in a national trend, a survey released in 
New Yore suggests that the attitudes of New York City 
schoolchildren are hardening against drags- The survey of 
more than 15,000 children last year showed an increase in the 
perceived risk of talcing drugs, as well as a decrease in the 
perceived benefits, compared with a similar poll the previous 
year. Ninety percent of the children said taking drugs would 
make you 'Ted bad about yourself,” up from 85 percent in 
1992. Only 16 percent said taking drags would make them fed 



Blood Tests on Glove Reported to Find 
DNA Links to Simpson and Slain Pair 


more grown up. 


Renters. AFP. AP. NYT 


fiarv A. Camctnatltailm 

NONEMERGENCY EXIT — President BiH Cfinfon and the first lady walking past an 
escape chtite that was accidentally deployed on Air Force One after it landed at Andrews 
Air Force Base, Maryland. The Clintons were returning from their European trip. 


The Assoatned Press 

LOS ANGELES — Blood on a glove found at 
OJ. Simpson's estate contained DNA material 
from Mr. Simpson and the two persons he is 
accused of killing, according to a Los Angeles 
television station. 

Tests on blood from the glove showed a 
“strong probability" of a DNA match with blood 
from Mr. Simpson, his former wife and her 
friend, KCBS-TV reported, citing sources close 
to the investigation. The use of such genetic 
testing as evidence has been challenged in some 
California courts. 

The test results received by the district attor- 
ney came from a right-hand glove found at Mr. 
Simpson’s estate after the June 12 killings of 
Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald L. Goldman, 
the report said. 

A left-hand glove was found at the scene of the 
killings, in front of Ms. Simpson’s condominium. 
The authorities believe the two gloves are a 
matched set. 

Meanwhile, investigators took hair samples 
from Mr. Simpson, 47, the actor and former 
football star, and asked the district attorney to 
file charges against Al Cowlings, who drove the 
white Ford Bronco seen by millions on national 
television June 17 as it was followed by several 

E llice care over 60 miles of Los Angeles area 
ghways. 

Mr. Simpson was in the back seat, holding a 
- to his head at times. He had fled after 
learning he was about to be charged with mur- 
dering Ms. Simpson, 35, and Mr. Goldman, 25. 
Mr. Cowlings is a boyhood friend and a former 
National Football League teammate of Mr. 
Simpson’s. 


gun 

lean 


When they arrived in Mr. Simpson's driveway, 
Mr. Cowlings was arrested for investigation of 
aiding his friend's escape and freed on $250,000 
bail. 

The district attorney could decide to file 
charges, drop the case or ask for further investi- 
gation. A decision is expected before Mr. Cow- 
lrngs's scheduled court appearance Friday. 

Robert L. Shapiro, Mr. Simpson’s lawyer, has 
said Mr. Simpson planned to go to his former 
wife's grave and kill himself, but Mr. Cowlings 
talked him out of it. 

Detectives collected hair from Mr. Simpson, 
who is held without bail at the Los Angeles 
County Central Men’s Jafl. A judge had ruled 
that up to 100 hairs could be taken for compari- 
son with those in a knit cap found at the scene of 
the killings. The authorities have said they want 
to use DNA testing to compare the hairs. 

■ Defense Prepares Motions 

Lawyers for Mr. Simpson have begun prepar- 
ing a battery of motions in an attempt to under- 
mine the prosecution case and to bolster their 
client's plea of innocence, the Los Angeles Tunes 
reported, quoting Mr. Shapiro. 

“We are only going to file motions that are 
legally supportable and that support O J.’s inno- 
cence,” said Mr. Shapiro, who heads the high- 
profile legal team. 

Among the motions being drafted, Mr. Sha- 
piro said, is one to dismiss the case based on the 
lack of prosecution evidence presented during 
the prdiminaiy hearing. 

Another motion will contest evidence ob- 
tained during a warrantless search of Mr. Simp- 
son's home and another will challenge evidence 
seized under a subsequent search warrant. 


Human Error Is Blamed for Downing of Helicopters Over Iraq 


Return 

WASHINGTON — The 
Pentagon said Wednesday that 
the “friendly fire" shooting 
down of two U.S. helicopters 
over Iraq was caused by human 
error, and Defense Secretary 
William J. Perry called it “a 
tragedy that never should have 
happened.” 

Mr. Perry said a two-month 
inquiry concluded that the pi- 


lots of two F-15C fighters who 
shot down the helicopters and 
the crew of an Airborne Warn- 
ing and Control System plane 
monitoring flights in the area 
had made several mistakes that 
led to the tragedy. 

The defense secretary said 
that he would send the report to 
U.S. commanders responsible 
for operations in the area and 
that it would be up to them to 


decide on any disciplinary ac- 
tion. 

The report made dear that 
human errors, particularly in 
communication, were primarily 
responsible for the April 14 
tragedy, in which the F-15Cs 
fired missiles al a pair of U.S. 


Army UH-60 Blackhawk heli- 
copters. 

They mistook them for Iraqi 
helicopters over a “no-flight” 
zone. 

AD 26 people on the helicop- 
ters died, including 15 Ameri- 
cans. most of whom were mili- 


tary personnel, five Kurds and 
three officers from Turkey, two 
from Britain and one from 
France. 

"The accident was caused by 
a breakdown in command guid- 
ance and supervision ana the 
misidentification of the Black- 


hawks," said the chief investi- 
gating officer. Major General 
James Andrus. 

He dted the fact that the F- 
15 pilots were unaware that 
Blackhawks were operating in 
the area and listed a series of 
mistakes by the AWACS crew. 


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THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1994 


P I N .1 



INTERNATIONAL 



SribtlUC The American President Has Devalued Clout The World 


PL'DIJSMRD WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


No, Don’t Invade Haiti 


If tbc Clinton administration is look- 
ing for a pretext to invade Haiti — a 
distinct possibility — it has just been 
handed a dandy one. The army-backed 
government’s abrupt expulsion of foreign 
human rights monitors is a defiant slap at 
the United Nations and the Organization 
of American States. By threatening the 
safely of these international civil ser- 
vants, Lieutenant General Raoul Cedras 
and his crew have conveniently inter- 
nationalized what has been essentially a 
domestic political crisis, finessing the ob- 
jection that an invasion would violate 
Haitian sovereignty, ft is a conscious 
provocation, daring Washington to over- 
ride domestic skepticism and invade. 

But unless force is literally needed to 
protect the monitors' lives, the adminis- 
tration should sit tight and settle down to 
a policy of sanctions, sanctuary and in- 
tensified international diplomacy. 

An invasion will not create a work- 
able Haitian political system, win re- 
gional respect or set a constructive pre- 
cedent for the use of force in post-Cold 
War foreign policy. There is no guaran- 
tee of a quick exit or acclaim from the 
Haitian population, even the pro-Aris- 
tide majority. And it is not supported by 
Congress or American public opinion. 

Nevertheless, invasion is a seductive 


idea to some in the White House and the 
State Department because of frustration 
with the insolent behavior of Haiti’s 
generals, a desire to refute doubts that 
this a dmini stration is prepared to use 
force, and fear of the political conse- 

3 ucnces of the continued massive exo- 
ns of Haitian refugees. 

The better, if less dramatic, policy is 
to let recently Lightened international 
sanctions do their work, pressuring 
countries like France to suspend com- 
mercial flights and cooperate in arrange, 
ing refugee resettlement; and to find : 
enough safe haven sites, including some 
in the Uni Led Slates, to assure that no 
fleeing Haitian is forced to return home. 

Force is a blunt instrument. It cannot 
solve political problems. It kills people, 
including American troops, who should 
be asked to die only when vital national 
interests are involved. It punches holes in 
the international legal order. It is some- 
times necessary but must be only a last 
resort. Democracy and human rights are 
national U.S. interests. But except for 
refugees, what is going on in Haiti affects 
only Haiti. Fear of the political conse- 
quences of admitting legally qualified but 
politically unpopular refugees is not a 
very good reason for invading a country. 
— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


W ashington —it is bard 
to develop a new vision of 
the world when you have so many 
thumbs stuck in your cye. From 
Panama to Paiis,-from Bey ing to 
Belgrade, foreign leaders are 
showing little awe or respect for 
President Bill Clinton as he tries 
to reassure his own domestic au- 
dience about his leadership abili- 
ties in foreign policy. 

In capital after capital, the 
president's peers have concluded 


By Jim Haagland 


Passports for Lebanon 


- Why does the United Slates still block 
the use of most American citizens' pass- 
ports for travel to Lebanon? The official 

” reason is to ensure the security of Amer- 
> ican citizens in a place prone to lerror- 
>. ism. But the old sort of terrorism is in 
.> remission. The United States so ac- 
•» knowledged when the Justice Depan- 

- meat announced last year that it was no 
l longer extending “temporary protected 

status” to Lebanese nationals in .Ameri- 
ca to let them overstay their visas. The 
last American hostage. Terry Anderson, 
came out at the end of 1991. 

Ignoring the ban. some 40,000 Leba- 
nese- Americans went back last year. 
*• mostly for Family visits, without a single 
incident. In Congress, leaders of both 
t. parties endorse lifting the seven-year-old 
-* passport ban in favor of a travel advisory 

- of warning, which leaves the decision to 
travel in each American’s hands. 

Lebanon still has a good way to go to 
recover fully from a riviJ war that 
_ wrecked national life from 1975 to 1990. 
^ Yet it is springing ahead in physical 
■- reconstruction, without foreign aid. and 
its political rehabilitation goes about as 
well as it can while the country remains 

- the victim of a double occupation, by 
’ Syria and Israel 

. *- The American passport ban is an es- 
■ I; pedally unkind cut, coming from a 


country ihat professes friendship and 
eqjoys diplomatic ties with Lebanon. 
Under the ban, some Americans ignor- 
ing it have had their passports lifted. 
The ban hurts travel and tourism, keeps 
American business from going after big 
infrastructure projects in Lebanon ana 
belittles Lebanese pluck. No other coun- 
try enforces a simitar restriction. 

The State Department's caution is un- 
derstandable; nobody over there in Fog- 
gy Bottom can want to become known 
as the diplomat who opened up travel to 
Lebanon just as Hezbollah got back into 
hostage- taking. But Americans would 
still be on notice to be careful 

Meanwhile, in Beirut and elsewhere, 
the suspicion circulates that Washing- 
ton is holding back this diplomatic favor 
as a card to be played not in a bilateral 
relationship of modest consequence but 
in the grander diplomatic game. This 
frustrates the Lebanese. 

They know that their time will come 
in the Mideast peace talks only when 
Syria and Israel so determine. Rather 
than waiting to be rewarded later for a 
peace move that they would eagerly 
make today if they could, they prefer to 
be encouraged and strengthened now. 
The burden is on the State Department 
to show why it cannot lift the ban. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Minuses and Pluses 


It is no secret that President Bill Clin- 
ton is trying to demonstrate to the 
American public that he is capable of 
. consistent, credible foreign policy lead- 
ership. On that score, the summit meet- 
ing of industrial democracies in Naples, 
the centerpiece of his latest European 
' tour, was a missed opportunity. 

It is also no secret that it is not as easy 
- nowadays for a U.S. president to domi- 
' nate the world stage. Absent a common 
: Soviet threat, America is seen as one 
■ more player in a complex and increas- 
. ingly parochial post-Cold War world. 

In the past, for example, Mr. Clinton’s 
' plea to the industrialized nations to open 
. their markets to Eastern Europe might 
have commanded a respectful hearing; 

’ troubled by unemployment, the industri- 
alized nations turned a deaf ear. 
i Unfortunately, President Clinton and 
1 his team created problems of their own. 
The trip was marked by an informal 
clumsiness and lacked any theme or 
thread. He began inauspiciously with an 
odd, disengaged speech in Washington 
that seemed deliberately to ignore any 
foreign policy issues cot directly related 
to trade and jobs — even though sub- 
jects like Rwanda, Haiti. Bosnia and 
North Korea were sure to come up at the 
Naples meeting. Later, in Naples, Mr. 
Clinton asserted that be saw no need to 
“overreact” to the dollar’s decline; when 
the dollar immediately tumbled further, 
his staff, always on damage-control 
alert, hurried to explain that he had not 
ruled out measures to support it. 

At another point, he made a modest 
last-minute proposal for further trade lib- 
eralization. His surprised European col- 
leagues rebuffed him. Mr. Clinton would 
have done better to consult them in ad- 
vance. especially since an earlier* broader 
agreement has not yet been ratified. 

But these bumbles and stumbles were 
not nearly as significant as his larger 
failure to see Naples as a chance to de- 


fine, for Americans as well as Europeans, 
how today’s tussles over exchange rates 
and trade agreements relate to the larger 
goals of reducing unemployment in the 
West and consolidating democracy and 
markets in the Conner Soviet empire. 

Moreover, President Clinton might 
have used some of his time to coordinate 
with his allies on specific crises like 
Haiti and Rwanda, where there are 
sharp disagreements. The issues that 
Mr. Clinton tried to ignore forced their 
way onto the agenda anyway. On his 
first day in Europe, his own Pentagon 
upstaged him with leaks about comman- 
dos rehearsing to invade Haiti. Then 
Panama reneged on a plan to shelter 
refugees, forcing his traveling staff to 
scramble for explanations. 

The Naples gathering itself began un- 
der the shadow of the unexpected death 
of Kim n Sung in North Korea, And it 
closed with Boris Yeltsin sidestepping 
Mr. Clinton's calls to withdraw Russian 
troops from the Baltics by the end of 
next month. So much for the illusion of 
an economics-oriented, photo-opportu- 
nity summit conference. 

Elsewhere, the president got other is- 
sues just right, ably resisting the tempta- 
tion to tell his hosts what they wanted to 
hear. In Riga, Latvia, he supported the 
sovereignty of the Baltic countries, 
while chiding their provocative treat- 
ment of Russians stranded inside their 
borders. In Warsaw, he made the most 
of NATO’s newly formed Partnership 
for Peace, but he rightly deferred the 
question of full NATO membership for 
Eastern Europe. 

Overall, it was a journey of bits and 
pieces, none of which collected them- 
selves into a satisfying whole. As such, it 
was another illustration of the disconti- 
nuity between policy and presentation 
that has plagued Uus administration 


that has plagued 
from the start. 


— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 



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Panama's president backed out of 
a deal that would have heljped Mr. 
Clinton cope with the Haiti refu- 
gee problem, Germany's econom- 
ics minister excoriated U-S. lead- 
ership on financial and trade 
matters, and France led the other 
Group iff Seven members in turn- 
ing aside a Clinton proposal to 
start a new round of international 
trade talks immediately. 


to get along with the American 
government of the moment was a 
major asset for many politicians 
abroad. Protection from invasion, 
financial aid and political presr 


the world," one of those advisffs 
said. “There was a time when. 
Amcricaooukl, in effect, lay down 


For half a century, the tumty to get along wiu 
die American government of the momentum 
amapr asset for mcinypolisidans abroad. 


that Mr. dm ton’s coattails do 
not reach overseas. They act as if 
they have little to lose m disput- 
ing or defying trim, and little to. 
gain in making him look good. 

The willingness of America's 
allies to upstage this president 
was as apparent at last week’s 
summit of the Group of Seven 
industrial democracies as it was 
in the thumb-in- the-eye defiance 
of Mr. Clinton's diplomatic ini- 
tiatives by the thugs of Haiti and 
the e thni c cleansers of Serbia. 

In the space of a few hours. 


In each of these cases the 
mouse twisted the lion’s paw in- 
stead of taking the thorn out. 

Mr. Clinton’s position on the 
substance of these issues was es- 
sentially right. There was not 
some tenable mistake or over- 
bearing altitude on the part of the 
American leaders to compel oth- 
ers to take their distance; This 
makes the disappearance of the 
American premium in interna- 
tional politics all the more strik- 
ing, and troubling. 

For half a century, the ability 


the Washing ton account skillful- 
ly. Grateful electorates consis- 
tently promoted or returned their 
Americanologbts to office. 

For Liberar Democrats in Ja- 
pan and Christian Democrats in 
Germany and Italy, for satraps 
in Zaire and the Philippines, cal- 
rivaling or monopolizing the . 
American connection was a ca- 
reer in itself. The American pre- 
mium could decide elections, or 
keep the army in line. 

That obviously changed with 
the disappearance of the Soviet 
threat, which dramatically . re- 
duced the urgency of the need to 
cooperate with Washington. And 
America's budget deficits ended, 
the chances for U-S. largesse 
abroad. These are changes that 
President Clinton did not cause, 
as his advisers anxiously stressed 
during briefings for reporters in 
Naples about the president’s low- 
key performance thee. 

“There has been an evolution 
in America’s appropriate role in- 


leadeohro BUI Clinton is Hying to . 
bring. He wauls to show reqject 
for other nations and treat tbcm.as r 
more equal partners.” 

' '.But mat Bosses the point Mr. 


what type of leadership he is tryr 
ing to bring to world affairs or . 
hpw treating others “more equal- 
ly** ip, forei gn policy is in Aincn- 
can. interests. 

Hi s early efforts at a multilater- 
alism would reduce Arni- 
ca's burdens while giving inter- 
national organizations larger 
derision-making roles have been, 
sidetracked. Cooperating with 
Ameri ca in the time of Bui Cun- 
ton does not generate enotigh 
prestige, it seems, to justify ac- 
cepting restraints or risks. 

. That point was driven borne by 
the presence at the Group of Sey- 
\en summit in Naples of a Socialist 
jprime TmbV* 1 ' from Japan, an 

animagmable development even 
a few years ago. . 

Local politics and the needs of 


GetsBiggee§ 

AndSmoOer 

By Geir Londeaiad 

O SLO — Today, computet,; ;, 
technology enab les os ’to ; .; 
move money arid information 
muddy. Television gives iBimg- 


me Diet uu 

In Pyongyang , AU Bawling in Unison ^ 


By Flora Lewis 

P ARIS — The scenes from Pyongyang televi- 
sion after the death of Kim IT Sung were 
scarier and in a way more mysterious than 
North Korea's atomic secrets. 

They showed a dense and endless sea of peo- 
ple — boys and girls, old women, stiff-backed 
generals in uniform, even the honor guard and 
the television announcer — all bawling like 
frightened babies. There was one single expres- 
sion on aU those faces. 

How on earth do they do that to people? 

No doubt there is a collective sense of danger 
and loss. They have been told so insistently and 
for so long about vicious enemies preparing to 
attack, and that they could only rely on the self- 
proclaimed Great Leader. 

When Stalin died in 19S3, many in the Soviet 
Union felt, above alL dread of an unknown 


future. "We thought it was like losing 100 divi- 
sions,*' a Russian told me later. 

The mass mania of the Cultural Revolution 
and China’s success in isolating its billion peo- 
ple in those years was a similar phenomenon. 
How long will it take for the North Koreans to 
regain some sense of human normalcy? 

Pyongyang’s decision to forbid entry ctf all 
foreigners until after Rim B Sung’s funeral (very 
few are admitted in the best of tunes) suggests 
that the remaining leaders are not at all sure of 
what they have created. What lies behind those 
agonized robotic masks? 

In any case, they are a reminder that our 
i nstant communications aren't all that globaL 
North Korea is worrisome because we can’t see in 
beyond what it chooses to display. But we must 
alio realize that they haven’t been able to see out 
for generations. So they all bawl in unison. . 

C Flora Lewis. 


tated the Diet’s stopgap cboice of 
Tonmchi Murayama as prime 
minister. But then' action also 
reflects an apparent feeling in 
the Diet that Japan had tittle to 
lose in its American relations by 
' choosing a Socialist as the na- 
tion's dnef executive. 

- Japan's conservatives were un- 
able to show that their continued 
presence in office would' give Ja- 
pan any political advantage in 
dealing with Washington. The 
Cimtnn . adminis tration said as 
much in pushing trade negotia- 
fi rm* to toe brink and proclaim- 
ing that Washington would no 
longer make concessions oneco- 
nomic matters to allies. 

. The cancellation of the Ameri- 
- can premium in international 
politics is no doubt inevitable and 
.perhaps appropriate. But the 
president has to find effective 
new incentives, and punishments, 
to go with, the “respect” he wants 
' ' to offer other countries if he is to 
have an effective foreign policy. 

; The Washingtan Pogt. 


nackage tours to the farthwt cor--. ; t 
Smof the globe. In tor.Wj«: 
ways, the greenhouse effect, and. 
the international drug trade show ȣ ; 

that the world is getting sfflaUg. - \\ 

Poetical organizations reflect-c^; 
this shrinking wririd. The Uttted^ 
Nations and GATT regulate gtob-4» 
ai affairs, while a variety of organt-s^ 
zations with gobbledygook namiaf'^ 
monitor regional integration. ‘ Jp 

But the world is also growmg^ft 
bigger. In 1945, the UN had 51 
member states; today the mnnber 
is 184 and rising. Nearly all. em- 
pires have collapsed; such 'large 
states as India and Canada are- 
threatened with disintegration. 
China’s future may be uncertain, , 
though 94 percent of its people are 
Han atinese. The United States is- 
tire esception that proves the rule; : 

In Eastern Europe, even smaller 
states Eke Yugoslavia and Czedto- 1 
Slovakia have fragmented. In most 
West European countries, , a milder J 
form of nationalism, tegtrioahstn, 9 
is gaini n g ground. • • 4 

How can the worid be growing a 
tmA shrinking at the same time? a 
One explanation is that we are 9 


Beware, This Decline of the Dollar Is Dangerous 


N EW YORK — President Bfll 
Clinton has made dear from 
Naples that his policy is to leave 
the dollar alone. Unsupported, it 
has continued to fah. 

The White House, its denials 
notwithstanding, sees this as 
more of a benefit than a problem 
in American trade, especially 
with Japan. Most important, it 
feels that a falling dollar hardly 
can do much harm to an economy 
as large and robust as America’s, 
especially when inflation is not a 
problem. So, the administration's 
policy is to sit back and watch 
the dollar come down until the 
currency market inevitably over- 
shoots and reverses itself. 

This policy might have made 
sense in the past, but not today. It 
fails to recognize that the worid 
has changed — and in no small 
part thanks to Mickey Kantor, 
the administration's own trade 
representative. 

For many years, the biggest 
buyers of U.S. bonds and stocks 
were the very Japanese compa- 
nies and their financ ial institu- 
tions whose trade behavior Mr. 
Kantor has been trying to change. 
His policy of pushing up the yen 
has reversed their behavior in a 
way be may not have foreseen. _ 
The Japanese; realizing that it 
makes no sense for their insur- 
ance companies and pension 
funds to buy billions m U.S. 
Treasury notes and bonds when 
the dollar is falling, have simply 


By Geoffrey Bell 


stopped doing so — at least until 
they thin k the dollar has hit bot- 
tom and interest rates have gone 
about as far as they can go. 

■instead the Bank of Japan is 
left with the task erf mopping up 
dollars after the event, and the 
central bank only invests in very 
short-term notes, not the long- 
term bonds that Japanese institu- 
tions have bpen buying in huge 
amounts for more than a decade. 

Hie net result is that medinro- 


now are investing a higher and 
higher proportion of their assets 
abroadr Last year alone, Ameri- 
can investors bought SIX biBioa 


tional assets: But tbaxmeans-that 
they are more vulnerable to sad- 
den shiftsin s entiment. 

' A small change in the way the 
■■ world thinks about the prospects ■ 
of its dollar investments can re-. 


of foreign stocks and bOnds. The* suit m sides worth' hundreds of 
outflow of jnvestineat dSDan ' 1 ddlte . ' 


may^ow somewhat this year to> 
about $100 bQEoo, but the trend 
is likely to be permanent as all 
these investment foods grow and. 
their advisers look for returns in 
markets across the globe. 

This combination of the trade 


AsmaUchange in thewity the woridthinks about 
the dollar's prospects can resuU in enormous sales. 


and longer- tenn U-S- bond yields 
are fonxsd higher and higher, and 
other American interest rates rise 
with them. Other investors have 
to be persuaded to buy dollars, 
and not many have been willing 
to do so as they see the currency 
continue to fall. 

At the same time, the United 
States itself has increased the 
size of the dollar problem. The 
U.S. trade deficit is growing at a 
rate of wdl over $120 billion a 
year, but that is only part of the 
story. The world has also changed 
for American investors since the 
1980s, when the trade deficit last 
was growing. 

U-S. pension funds, mutual 
funds and insurance companies 


deficit, the portfolio outflow and 
the .normal foreign investments 
of U.S. corporations meads that 
about $300 billion in new dollars 
is being pushed out into tire mar- 
kets in 1994, and they have to be 
financed somehow. 

The Clinton administration 
has failed to see that the financ- 
ing problem now is much bigger 
than in the past, and has even 
become significant in relation to 
the overall economy. 

Of course, the United States is 
a natural magnet for overseas 
capital, given the dynamism of 
the economy and the depth and 
breadth of the capital markets. 
Dollar securities are by far tire 
biggest proportion of interna- 


Who Cares About Slavery in Africa? 


By Charles Jacobs and Mohamed Athie 


N EWTON, Massachusetts — 
Last month. Amnesty Inter- 
national’s American branch de- 
cided it was time to abolish slav- 
ery. Presented with evidence of 
human bondage in North Africa, 
the members voted to add to an 
already crowded mandate the 
emancipation of chattel slaves. 

It may be hard to believe that 
in 1994 a new abolitionist move- 
ment is needed. 

Today, in the former French 
colony of Mauritania, where 
slavery was ended (on paper) in 
1980, the UJS. State Department 
estimates that 90,000 blacks Hve 
as the property erf Berbers. Per- 
haps 300,000 freed slaves con- 
tinue to serve their former mas- 
ters because of psychological or 
econo mi c dependence. 

Blacks in Mauritania were 
converted to Islam more than 
100 years ago. but while the Ko- 
ran forbids the enslavement of 
fellow Muslims, in this country 
race outranks religious doctrine. 

These people are chattel — 
used for labor, set and breed- 
ing, They may be exchanged for 
camels, trucks, 91 ns or money. 
Their children are the property 
of the master. 

A 1990 report by Human 
Rights Watch/ Africa said that 
m Mauritania routine punish- 
ments for tire slightest fault in- 
cluded beatings, denial of food 
and prolonged exposure to the 
son, with hands and feet tied 


together. “Serious” infringement 
of the master’s rule could mean 
prolonged tortures known as 
“the camel treatment,” the “in- 
sect treatment” and “burning 
coals” — none of which is fit to 
describe in a-famfly newspaper. 

To the east, in Sudan, slavery 
is a comeback, the re- 

sult of a 12 -year-dd war waged 

black Christian and animist 
south. Arab miHtias, armed by 
the government, raid villages, 
mostly those of the Dinka tribe, 
shoot the men and enslave the 
women and children. These are 
kept as personal property or 
mardsed north and sold. 

Many of tire children are auc- 
tioned off. Gaspar Biro, a Unit- 
ed Nations human rights moni- 
tor, returned^ from Sudan in 
March restarting that abducted 
children are often seat to camps 
that become 20th century slave 
markets. The price varies with 
supply. In 1989, a woman or 
child could be bough t for $90. 
In 1990, as the raids increased, 
the price fell to $15. 

Not only are their bodies in 
bondage. They are also stripped 
of tireur cultural, religious and 
personal identities. 

An investigator from Anti- 
Slavery International inter- 
viewed Abuk Thuc Akwar, a 13- 
year-dd girl who, along with 24 
other children, was seized by tire 
mffrn'a. maro hed north and given 


to a farmer. “Throughout the. 
day tire wodeed in Us so rg hum 
fields and at night in his bed. 
During tire marctidre was raped 
and called a black donkey/* the 
investigator wrote in a 1990 re- 
port. She escaped with tire help 
of the master’s jealous wife. 

Another report described 
Kon, a 13-year-old boy who was 

abducted by Arab nomads and. 
taken to a merchant’s house. 
There he found several Dinka 
mm hobbling, then: Achilles 
tendons cut because they re- 
fused to become Muslims. 

Threatened with the same 
treatment, tire boy converted. 
After six months, he escqred. 
Kon was lucky. Slaves caught 
.fleeing are often castrated or 
branded like cattle. 

Human rights groups arc tbc 
first to admit their failure to 
organize support for Africa’s 
slaves. Anti-Slavery Interna- 
tional is courageous but small 
and imdwrfinaflofti- 

Peopk at Africa Watch pri- 
vately despair about Maurita- 
nia: “No one is interested in a 
French-speaking country of only 
2 milli on and no oQ,” one re- 
searcher said 

Afr. Jacobs is research director 
of the American Anti-Slavery 
Group . Mr. Athie, formerly a 
consular officer at the Maurita- 
nian Embassy hi Washingan, is 
chairman of the organization. 
They contributed this comment to 
The New York Janes. 


bUHctafoF dollars: 

, Once theddlarb^ai5.to 
no one knows wdiaf might Mppen 
in the mmds of those foreign in- 
vestors. The White House may be 
right (and lucky), and the faU in 
the dollar may turn out to be 
temporary and _ modest. But a 
wave of selling could accelerate, 
forcing down the prices of bonds 
and forcing up long-term interest 
rates well beyond 8 percent. That 
would put the brakes cm growth, 
which is precisely what President 
Clinton does not want to happen. 

' A falling dollar already has 
brought Iri^rer interest rates. ^ Bir- 
adoxicafly, a sharp and immedi- 
ate increase in sberet-tenn interest 
rates by tire Federal Reserve 
might block tire steady path to 
even higher interest razes for 
long-term securities by reassuring 
investors that there is an end to 
the process now under way. 

- The White House wifi argue 
against this, warning that a rise erf 
half or one percentage point in 
short-term rates would jeopardize 
eoOTbmfcffOWtkBmdoin^ 
ing to stabilize the dollar is poten- 
tially an even bigger risk. The best 
policy is to do something quickly 
about raising interest rates, ar tire 
spiral may only go deeper. " 

The writer, secretary o}~%c^ 
Group cf Thirty, a researc h group, 
ctf international bankers and eco- 
nomists, heads his own financial 
consulting company in New York. 
He contributed Ms comment to the 
International Herald Tribune. 


Learn intended for publication 
should be addressed "Lotas to pm 
Editor* and contain the writer's 
dffumae, name and full address. . 
Letters should be brief and are 
subject to editing. We cannot be 
rajmsibk jorthe return qfwao- 


jes pnri technology that the weald 
is getting smaller, while in some 
ways it grows bigger politically. 
There is no necessary interrela- 
tion between these areas.' 

We have undergone at least 
three industrial revolutions, but . 
they have by no means erased - 
political boundaries, as Marxists 
. and free traders alike predicted. 
On the- contrary economic inter- 1 
nationalization and political na- 1 
tionalism appear to have devd- j 
oped hand m band. . 

■ 1 believe that, integration and 
fragmentation can stimulate each 
other, and that the stronger the 
integration, the stronger the frag- 
mentation. Tins’ is what has in 
fact happened, for what axe prob- 
ably deeper underlying reasons. 

■ P^ch&owcalfy, most of us no- 
tice, that when traveling ^abroad 
webecomemore, rather than less, 
nationalistic. When external pres- 

- sums arc strong, we fe& tire need 
to redefine our identify. This ap-J? 
plies not only to individuals but 
to regions aria ethnic groups. - 

« .In the technology and media 
fields, we can now watch world 
eveata Tive,” but television Ires at 
the same time become so ample 
that-even local cultures can ex- 
ploit it. When JWdsh television 
was establishod^iriore people bc- 
; gan to speak Wqfoh, and not just 
English, in Walqs. 

Politically arid ideologically, 

- we have seen how the co&apse of 
' dfctatorship in Eastern Europe 
has stimulated democracy in oth- 
,er parts of the worid. But the 
ideology that is' easiest to trans- 
plant from one region to another 
is probably nationalism. Whereas 
earlier peoples might disappear, 
new ones resort to nationalist)! 

Economically there can Ifcrio 
doubt that we are being bound 
ever more closely, but precisely 
because we are so mutually ^inte- 
grated, the munmimi resouzcftSi ia . 
population and resource^ re- 
quired for survival as a state b& 
come lower. And in Scotland or 
Catalonia or northern Itabj jre 
gkmaHsts and nationalists can ar- 

- guc that the co mmo n EU frame- 
work makes greater autonomy, 
even full mdepcndence, viable. 

For these reasons, the worid 
seems Beefy to anumue tifgrtiw 

- both bigger and ftnyjnar at the 
: same time. This tension is jiu$i 

what lends such exciting duneik 
sums to developments' m tire EU. . 

Yet it reflects the fact that, espe- 
cially in economics, Europe' has 
grown smaller. Many beJieifc that 
wc need political systems that.^ 
respond mare closely fo present 
economic realities. But the histo-: 
ies of empires and Large, states 
show that it will. not be easy. V 
should that be our arm, to devdqp 
a United States of Europe. 

The writer' is director- of The ’■ 
Norwegian Nobel Institute, die 
■ contributed this comment to the 
International Herald Tribune . ■ ' 


IN OUR PAGES: i00, 75 AND 50 YEAftS AGO 
1894; Corean Imbroglio ' the gratitude of the populate: 

” fnmrrfe fh* m—l « nilltnni InuW 


Hat gratitude of tire population > £ < 
PARIS -.-There ^ ««« tt ™ an ? s military leadfflS X : 

SU?? it S0 P5 wto prevented the German - £ 
5251“ ? hordes! from, entering the capital; $ - 

Marshal JtfbeWtteSl^ 
recdwllis sword. When M- Evian - g - 
•at-HPV 1 ’- ^ th ^ fi “ £*».. handed to MarshalFocfa bjsgflto- : $ ; 

hilted sword, the recipient 1 ' f 
crenponble to the Corn rmbro- seemed deeply moved,- General & i 

P*«n’s 3e <Le colored sKgbflf. ? i 

and China both intervene, and l < M.i - (jinrfhi VnurB 
then follow it up by the dedarar - 

tiou that Corean affairs are not NEW. DELHI, India — --TFro& ‘ 

(bar business. In the meantime our New York edition;) Mohatt: 

- Chinese and Japanese troops are ' das K. Gandhi has pledged notta . 
atcaoaped face to face. renew his campaign of civil dis- 

-in-iA.ua l i rr * tAedience dunrig flie war, as4 ' ; 
1919; Jaanafate Honored , instead has protcused to help!)#, i 

today {June .13) m axmttes 

SSKSJBSKKK!- 


NEW. DELHI, India — - 
our New York edition;] N 


1919* MwlwiaW Honored , instead has piobusttl to help lb®, 

PARIS — Parisians flocked j*. ■ 
today [June .131 in coontlas 

to cheer the three Marshals of terpreted as a formula for settle* 
France who woe to be presented 







INTKRNATTONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1994 





Page II 




** 


BUSIHES 



Internationa} Herald Tribune, Thursday, July 14, 1994 


Page 9 


* £--• 
; v_f»V • 




*.< r, .... ■, 
- - -...V K f 



WE TRIB INDEX: 112.., v 

^®™Jo^HerakJ Tribune World Stock Index 0. composed^ 
120 — — — 



The Mm oacfts US. d afar rates of stacks *r Tokyo, New rock, London, and 
Argenttaa, AUBtrsffe, Austria, Baigium, Sort ;■ Canada. CMa, Danmark, Rrtand, 
Banco, Gontmny, Hang Kang, Hair. Maodoo, Nalhorianda, Haw Zartmd, Norway, 
Stngwa, Spain, SModm, S w Uii riad amt Vanauak For Tokyo. Now York and 
London, the induces comBossd oi the 20 top casus* m (wow at maikat capka Oz abon, 
otherwise tha ton tap tsstdcs am tracked. 


1 industrial Sectors jj 


Mnl •• Pm. ■ » . 

ctaaa . Sum cfeang. 

MM. Am. - . % 
dm ' dm chaw* 

Eneigy 

I1L25 11 LOO *023 Cepflet Goods 

112.78 11250 -0.02 

UOHm 

121.42 121.79 -030 RttflWBihli . 

12350 124J7B -0.7 T 

Homes 

118j 45 11855 -0.08 ConwnwGOode 

9B5S 9857 -0.42 • 

Service* 

11751. 11758 riL 37 Eta-mow 

-121.75 124.74 -2.40 

For man Information about the Mbx, a boofatatfcgvatetifetpap/ charge. ■ 

Write (0 Trib Index, 181 Avenue Chaste de Gaute, 8Z121 Notify Cadax, Francs. 



^MrnnOcrmlHmekinburm 


Shake-Up 
In Asia 


. By Kevin Murphy 

htieraadond Herald Tribune 

HONG KONG —The Chi- 
Ha-backed Apstar 1 communi- 
cations satellite has yet to be 
blasted into orbit, but it is al- 
ready rattling more than its 

laimffl pad. 

The Chinese government has 
apparently decided to allow. 
Apstar l’s launch next week but 
it has not yet been cleared either 
fay international regulators or 
by owners of the satellite’s pro- 
spective neighbors in space. 

At this point, Apstar l’s tar- 
geted dot is so dose to that of 
other satellites that most ana- 
lysts agree the move could 
cause cause interference, ham- 
pering the performance of other 
satellites. 

The brinkmanship also arises 
potentially complex questions 
for Apstar l’s cheats, many of 
whom are broadcasters keen to 
gain Asia-wide distribution 
equal to that now enjoyed by 
the industry leader STAR TV, 
owned by News Corp. 

Analysts said China’s ultimate 
course of action could cany ex- 
pensive consequences for the 
growing number of com panies 
involved in the race to expand 
broadcasting and teteromrmmi- 
catiorn services in Asia. 

Individual satellites cost up 
to $200 million and the lease of 
an individual transponder, or 
transmission point, on a satel- 
lite costs up to $1 millimi a year 
in Aria sow, but if a free-for-all 
developed in space it could 
force vast technical changes on 
existing earth-bound technol- 
ogy, with even greater costs. 

“Commercial investment in 
space is a very daring, very 
risky, highly capitalized busi- 
ness, where most of the invest- 
ment is actually on the ground,” 
said one senior industry consul- 
tant of the bunding controver- 
sy . "If the rules of the game are 
not being played by, the dam- 
age can go beyond the pride of 
one country." 

Pressed by the unique shua- 

See SATELLITE, Page 13 


CBS and QVC Scrap Their Merger Plan 

Both Firms on the Block Comcast Makes Surprise Offer for QVC 


PHILADELPHIA — Crim- 
ea# Carp. has thrown CBS Inc. 
and QVC hoc. into an ever- 
expanding pod of media take- 
over targets after busting up 
the planned merger between 
the television network and the 
home-shopping concern. 

Comcast, a cable television 
and cellular telephone compa- 
ny, scuttled the planned com- 
bination with an eleventh- 
hour bid for the 85 percent of 
QVC that it does not already 
own. 

Barry DiDer, QVCs chair- 
man, said Wednesday that he 
has been authorized by his 
board to negotiate with Com- 
cast and explore alternatives to 
mammae shareholder value. 

Other bidders for QVC 
could emerge, including Bell- 


South Corp., Home Shopping 
Network Inc, which is backed 
by Tele-Communications Inc, 
and Time Warner Ino, ana- 
lysts and traders sakL 
l-anr-p ^ra- Tisch, chairman 
of CBS, vowed that the New 
York-rbased broadcasting 
company would “continue to 
pursue new business opportu- 
nities.’' CBS said it planned to 
make a Sl.l billion offer to 
buy back 3 5 million shares of 
its stock at $325 a share. The 
company also will split its 
stock on a five-f or-ene basis. 

“CBS has put up a *for sale’ 
sign, and $325 is the floor for 
bidding to begin," said Rich- 
ard Grand-Jean, president of 
Global Film Equity, a media 
consulting firm. “In (Ins sense. 

See MERGER, Page 10 


Bloomberg Business News 

PHILADELPHIA — CBS 
Inc. scrapped its plan to ac- 
quire QVC Inc. on Wednes- 
ly, following a surprise offer 
from Comcast Com. to buy 
QVC for S2L2 billion. 

In a last-minute effort to 
thwart the purchase of QVC 
by CBS, Comcast, which is a 
minority shareholder in QVC 
stunned the entertainment in- 
dustry late Tuesday by an- 
nouncing an uninvited bid to 
take over QVC. 

In a bizarre twist to tile plan 
to merge the top-rated US. 
television network with the 
largest home-shopping chan- 
nel, Comcast launched its bid 
just hours before the boards of 
CBS and QVC were scheduled 
to vote on their merger. 

CBS Chairman Laurence 


Tisch said Wednesday that he 
would not pursue the QVC ac- 
' ition. Barry Dflkr, QVCs 
said his board agreed to 
negotiate with Comcast. 

Comcast, based in FMadel- 
phia, already owns 18 percent 
of QVC The company is the 
Hard-largest cable TV operator 
in the United States as well as a 
large provider of cdJular tele- 
phone services. Comcast also 
owns Muzak, a background 
music system. 

Comcast offered $44 a share 
for QVC, consisting of $37 a 
share of cash and $7 of a new 
series of 15 percent convertible 
preferred stock. % contrast, 
QVC stockholders would have 
received a mix of new CBS 
stock and convertible shares, 
but no cash from CBS. 

Shares of QVC surged on 


the news, gaining S6 on 
Wednesday to dose at $42. 

The stock had traded as high 
as $7250 last July amid hopes 
that Mr. Dffler would propel 
the company into the much- 
touted world erf interactive, 
multimedia c ommuni cations. 

CBS shares rose $8, to $308. 
The company said Wednesday 
that it planned to make a $1.1 
Ullion offer to buy bade 3.5 
million shares of its stock at 
£325 a shar& 

For QVC, the surprise bid 
was an ironic turn. Only 
months ago, QVC was en- 
gaged in a Eve-month hostile 
takeover bid for Paramount 
Communications Inc. Mr. 
Diller, backed by Comcast 
and others, lost the battle in 
February to Viacom Inc. 


Traders Skeptical 
As Dollar Noses Up 

OktyUedby Our Staff Fhm Dispatches 

NEW YORK — The dollar made a mild recovery Wednesday, 
breaking out of its recent cycle of decline, but dealers were 
unconvinced that market sentiment had changed from its previous 
bearishness toward the U.S. currency. 

“We’re seeing dollar stability as opposed to dollar strength,'* 
said Siobhan Lackey, a trader at Bank Julius Baer. “We might be 
reaching a bottom, but I don't think we’ve reached one just yet.” 
Modi of the upturn was characterized as short-covering by traders 
and speculators hoping to take profits after shorting the dollar’s 
recent downturn. 

The US. currency dosed at 15413 Deutsche marks, up from 
Tuesday’s ending price of 15280. It finished the day at 98.225 yen, 
up from 97325. 

The dollar received a boost Wednesday afternoon from specu- 
lation that the Federal Reserve Board was about to raise rates. 

“The market had been holding back from putting downward 
pressure on the dollar" in the event that the consumer price index 
rose strongly, “but they began to sell after it came out pretty much 
as expected” said Hartmut Voges. chief spot dealer at Nor- 
detnscfae Laxtdesbank in Hannover. 

“People are convinced that the fundamentals behind the dol- 
lar’s fan are still in place,” said Brian Martin, senior economist at 
Qhbank- 

“Tfs not dear yet that there’s a flow under the dollar," said 
Kathy Jones, currency analyst at Prudential Securities. 

Since the beginning of July, the dollar has lost 9 percent of its 

See DOLLAR, Page 10 


French Water Firm in Inquiry 


By Jacques Neher 

/ ntemationa l Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The stock of Com- 
pagnie Gtnfirale des Earn sEd 
Wednesday on a report that the 
Justice Ministry was looking 
into allegations that France’s 
largest water-distribution and 
waste-management company 
had made illegal political contri- 
butions to win public contracts. 

The company denied any im- 
contributions, but was 
to halt the slide in its 
Stock, which feD 22 percent, to 
541 francs ($102.92). 

Revelations of a pr eliminar y 
investigation into the contribu- 
tions by the satiric newspaper. 
Canard Enchain e, is the third 
such affair involving a French 
blue-dnp company in the past 
two months. 

In May, Didier Pinean-Va- 
lencienne, chairman of 
Schneider SA, was jailed for 
nearly two weeks in Brussels 
and charged with fraud in con- 
nection with the activities erf 
•two Belgian subsidiaries. Mr. 
Pmeau-Vafencienne, who de- 


nied any wrongdoing, is free on 
2 million francs (5380,500) 
bond. 

Last week, Pierre Suard, 
chairman of Alcatel Alsthom, 
was held by police for a day and 
charged with fraud in connec- 
tion with improvements made 
at Iris personal residences at 
company expense. He claimed 
the improvements were restrict- 
ed to a security system that he 
needed because erf bis job. He 
was freed after posting a bond 

of 1 millio n francs. 
t The stock of Lyonnaise des 
Eaux-Dumez, a rival of G6nfer- 
ale des Burn, also was affected 
by news of the probe, but to a 
lesser degree. Lyonnaise shares 
slipped 1 franc, to 518 francs, 
on Wednesday. 

“Hie market is very nervous 
about this sector, which has al- 
ways been vulnerable to rumors 
of political payoffs," said a 
London analyst who follows the 
two companies. 

“It is thought that one way to 
win a contract in the waste- 
management, water-treatment 
or water-distribution business 


is to improve the status and life 
of the local public officials 
awarding the contract,” be said. 
“This investigation is the first 
confirmation that there may be 
something to tbe rumors.” 

Ova* the past two decades, 
about 80 percent of the public 
utilities business in France has 
been awarded to private com- 
panies to operate. Gfenfcrale des 
Eaux has around half of the 
business and Lyonnaise des 
Eaux has an estimated 30 per- 
cent The remainder is split be- 
tween units of Bouygues SA 
and Compagoie de Saint-Go-, 
bain SA. 

According to a report by an - 
assistant prosecutor died by 
the French newspaper, the; 
probe of G6n6rale des Eaux is- 
focusing on contributions made 
to elections on die French is- 
land of Reunion between 1992 
and 1994, and on its business 
over the past decade with a con- 
sulting company called Gifco, 
which was hnked to the Com- 
munist Party. The prosecutor. 

Sec WATER, Page 11 






INTERNATIONAL MANAGER 



By Lawrence Malkin 

JmemothnaJ Herald Tribune 

N EW YORK — "nw (Erect-dial • 
international telcphone,lhe 
fax machine and the jet plane 
have been notorious tn dimin- 
ishing the status of most ambassadors to 
that of elegant errand-runners. Now it is 
the turn erf tire multinational manager to 
lose freedom and autonomy, whst&once 
were the principal attractions of jobs as 
far as posable from the home office. 

Tbe villain, as usual these days, is 
global competition. Tariff walls once 
protected national markets, and behind 
them foreign subsidiaries were set up to 
produce and sell a parent company’s, 
products. The subsidiary mana ger was 
supposed to expand the business like an 
independent entrepreneur and , run its 
operations Eke a local potentate. . 

No longer. While a middle manager 
may be seat out from tire home office for 
some international seasoning, he or she 
remains under dose supervision via cor- 
porate financial controls. The expatriate 
manager may be ordered to cut paces 
and even lose money Eke a good corpo- 
rate soldier in order to keep some com- 
peting brand of toothpaste or tractor out 
of his assigned tenitoay. 

Is there a path out of tins dead end? 
There certainly is, saw a report to be 
issued Thursday by tire Coofcrenoe 
Board on “The Changing Global Role of 
the Foreign Subsidiary Manager. Ste- 
phen Gates, bead of the board s Pans 

fere, conducted intery^ m d®^ 

with managers and received 82 detailed 


questionnaires from a representative 
sample among more than 2000 compa- 
nies in 50 countries that are. associated 
with the board. 

“Itis more and more difficult to hide 
from the head office now,” said Mr. 
Gates. "They can track you anywhere. 

“The way to get mare freedom is to 
carve out amebeforyonr own subsidiary. 
OSes: new product ideas. Position the 
product in a new and innovative way. 
Make your nib&fiaxy a center of excell- 
ence for sanre research, production or ser- 


*It is difficult to hide 
from the head office now.' 


Stephen Gates, 
die Conference Board 


vice specialty and persuade headquarters 
to assign worldwide responsbflity to you.” 

■ He cited the example of ABB Asea 
Brown Boveri Ltd. tbC Swedish-Swiss 
construction and electronics conglomer- 
ate that follows a strategy of decentral- 
ized excellence. Top-down U.S. multina- 
tionals are more likely to resist, so it may 
help to recall the trims erf Ford Motor. 
Co. and General Motors Corp., which 
were forced to draw on the design, mar- 
keting and finally manufacturing skills 
of their successful European managers. 

Two less publicized examples of resist- 
ing the not-invented-here syndrome 
come from the U.S. subsidiary of NEC 


Corp. and and the Canadian subsidiary 
of Monsanto Co. I 

NEC’s American subsidiary was or- 
dered to build and sell a widely ac- 
claimed new digital switchboard that 
had been designed for Japan’s telephone 
monopoly. Local management found the 
switchboard could not handle billing for 
competing long-distance companies or 
call-waiting, call-forwarding and simil ar 
American revenue-spinners. 

Patiently but agon izin gly, NEC's 
Ameri c an manager, Howard Gottlieb, 
convinced his Japanese bosses that their 
switchboard had to be redesigned, dis- 
patching his own software engineers to 
participate. His design team was expand- 
ed from 10 to 50 and eventually supported 
new products for Asia as wdl as America. 

Monsanto Canada was squeezed by 
consolidation because it traditionally 
had manufactured a range of chemical 
products only for the local market lan 
Lennox, the Canadian manager, aimed 
to make his subsidary the world produc- 
er for the company’s best-selling herbi- 
cide by investing $15 milUon to stream- 
fine manufacturing and funding $6 
million worth of research. 

Finally, if a subsidary manager is es- 
sentially a marketer, the next step would 
be to become the regional coordinator. 
This in itself should enhance the essen- 
tial strategy of decentralization and 
global integration that any multinational 
must pursue, said Mr. Gates, and “show 
headquarters that a tour abroad is not 
just an exercise in getting your ticket 
punched for the next step up." 


CURRENCY A INTEREST RATES 


_ July 13 

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Tun Guy’ Puts Eli Lilly on World Stage 


By M3t Freudenhdm 

New York Times Service 

The friends of Randall L. Tobias por- 
tray him as a “fun guy” whose small-town 
style and Indiana affability sometimes 
mask a steely, business-minded core. 

Both faces have been showing at Eli 
LUly & Co., the staid Indianapolis-based 
drug maker that Mr. Tobias took over last 
year as chairman and chief executive. 

In just 13 months at the helm, Mr. Tobi- 
as has transformed Lilly from a slow-mov- 
ing, somewhat insular giant into an aggres- 
sively entrepreneurial international player. 

On Monday, Lilly announced that it 
would spend $4 billion to buy the coun- 
try’s largest manager of drug benefit pro- 
grams. 

Mr. Tobias said there would be more 
surprises. “I anticipate doing other 
things," he said in a telephone interview 


after the announcement- He said his fist 
included possible joint ventures, alliances 
and acquisitions as well as “additional 
investments in various markets around the 
world.” 

He noted that he had increased Lilly's 
staff in China from a single representative 
to 100, and said he was “working on new 
relationships in both Europe and Japan.” 

Wall Street investors initially took a dim 
view of tbe deal, driving Lilly shares down 
$7375, or 13 percent, on Monday. .Tbe 
stock feO $1 .625 on Tuesday, to $48375, in 
active trading on the New York Stock 
Exchange. On Wednesday afternoon, how- 
ever, the stock was up to $48,750. 

Until members of the Lilly board re- 
cruited him in June 1993, Mr. Tobias, who 

is 52 years old, had spent his career with 


AT& 


years ow, 
:T Corp., 


where one of his main 


achievements was breaking into world 
markets. 

In buying PCS Health Systems lac. 
from McKesson Corp, Mr. Tobias is wa- 
gering that the acquisition will enable Lilly 
to pump up its drug sales fast enough-to 
overcome the debt the company will as- 
sume. 

“This is a high-stakes poker game,” said 
Ben F. Love, a Houston banker, UJIy 
board member and a Tobias partisan. 
“The CEO can’t hold a pat hand.” 

Some analysts said the PCS acquisition 
would enhance Lilly’s attractiveness to 
overseas dragmakers seeking market share 
in the United States. Last year, Lipy 

selsfrom G.D. Searle & Co. ’ 

During his seven years as vice chairman 

See TOBIAS, Page tl ) 


Probing TV Eye: Can Auto CEO Change the Oil? 


By Doron P. Levin 

New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — Michael Moore, the 
counterculture fihn maker who skewered 
General Motors Corp. and its chairman, 
Roger B. Smith, in the nun-dandy humor- 
ous “Roger and Me," is at it again — and 
this time his camera lens has widened to 
include all of Corporate America. 

A few weeks ago, Mr. Moore, accompa- 
nied by a film crew, stood outside the 
International Business Machines Corp. 


buQding in Manhattan, his bullhorn aimed 
at the office of Louis V. Gerstnear Jr., the 
chief executive officer. 

“Mr. Gerstner boomed Mr. Moore. 
“Come down. This is The CEO Chal- 
lenge-’ Come down. We are unarmed. All 
we want is to find out if you can format a 
floppy diskette.” 

Mr. Gerstner can format a diskette, ac- 
cording to a spokesman, but he was not 
about to do it for Mr. Moore, who wanted 
tbe demonstration for his new television 
show on NBC 


Mir. Gerstnear was not alone. More than 
60 corporations have turned down Mr. 
Moore’s request to film their bosses dem- 
onstrating their knowledge of a product 
their company makes. 

Only the Ford Motor Co. chair man . 
Alex Trotman, agreed to go along, chang- 
ing the oQ on a Ford Explorer. 

“CEO Challenge** is but one way in 
which Mr. Moore will be applying to the 
world of business an irreverent variation 

See MOORE, Page 11 


Swiss Accuse 
Germany of 
Unfair Play 


AJA. PM drift 
lunch anew: 384S —220 

London 384 SS 3*U5 —US 

NntYartc 38488 38400 -230 

tU. doOorsperouxe. LaedaoBrikMUt- 
km; Zurfcband Hew York opening and Oo* 
foe Prices; New York Cemex lAaeua) 
Sown: Reuters, 


GENEVA — A Swiss official 
on Wednesday accused Germa- 
ny of using power politics and 
economic muscle in its bid to 
wrest the World Trade Organi- 
zation from Geneva to Bonn. 

Francois Nordzaana, a Swiss 
Foreign Ministry official, said 
there was a “certain lack of fair 
play” in the German campaign 

'Dade envoys will meet Fri- 
day to recommend which city 
should host the new organiza- 
tion, which succeeds the Gener- 
al Agreement ou Tariffs and 
Trade on Jan. 1. . 

Mr. Nordmann was especial- 
ly critical of Germany’s synop- 
sis of the two bids ana de- 
scribed as “wrong" German 
riaims that the Cost Of living in 
Geneva was 30 percent higher 
than in Bonn. 

Mr. Nordmann said that 
Boon’s tactics might jeopardize 
the independence of the new 
trade organization. (AJP, Reu- 
ters) 


‘‘Quadratus”. A solid gold watch 
with the dial engraved in 
the “Clou de Paris’* pattern. 



CORUM 

Mat/res Artisans d’Horlogerte ; 



Automatic mechanical movement with date and second hands. Water-resistant, Also 
in white gold. For a brochure, write to: Co rum, 2301 La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. 


J 







U.S. Shares Erase 
Cains In Late Trade 


Via An o d c m} 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


Open iM Lm Lad Oil. 


v* i- td**. 


Indus 371436 372239 3dVA.1V 271X28 +142 
Tf» 1563.32 UWI ISB18? 15S236 -ail 
US 179.94 180-73 179.74 17947 
GBmp 128X21 12WJ9 12B2J4 128258 +027 


Mriah 


C ampUtd by Our Sinjf From Dupaidus 

NEW YORK — U.S. stocks 
reversed gains built an inflation 
report that reassured investors 
that interest rates would not 
rise fast enough to crimp earn- 
ings. 

The Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage fell 2.59 points, to 


Stocks rase early in the ses-\ 
sion along with bond prices, af- 
ter the Labor Department said 
consumer prices rose 03 per- 
cent in June, in line with econo- 
mists* expectations. 


1 c*>V. 


Standard A Poor's todmi 


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38179 38X96 *136—067 

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4L51 406 4438 4-033 
49.06 44735 44073 4871 
41772 4TS34 41i9 + UB 


Spot 222920 MUt 243120 ION 

Forward 2K720 234000 345000; 

LEAD 

DaQan aer mDrtc ton 

SSt SS28B 88420 6B1J0 99) 

Forward 50420 99620 39620 99720 

W l, " f *90IMBQ|l 07530 828 UN 
Forword 633BJ0 SHS38 636520 <31120 
TIN 

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town! 93M29 JM0020 541520 50920 


came one day af- 


ter the Department said prices 
at the manufacturing leva held 




U.S. Stackm/3 P.M. Snapshot 

3,700.09, in late trading having 
retraced all of its 20-point gain. 

Comcast was the most active 
U.S. issue, followed by QVC 1# 
Cisco Systems, Ford Motor 
Co., and Regency Health Ser- 
vices Inc. 

Tom Gallagher, head stock 
trader at Op peh earner & Co„ 
said a recovery in the dollar had 
kept the Dow above 3,700 for 
most of the day. Mr. Gallagher 
added that Friday's double op- 
tions expirations should add on 
upward bias to the market, but 
investors are still nervous be- 
fore the economic reports due 
out later this week. 

Initial unemployment claims 
and June retail sales figures are 
due out on Thursday, and in- 
dustrial production, capacity 
u tilizatio n and consumer senti- 
ment data are expected Friday. 


at the manufacturing leva held 
steady in June. ] 

Bonds rose as much as Vi 


NYSE Indexes 


BRENT OtUDB OIL (IPE) _■ ~ 

V&driwinrk»8H*alUR9nib 

Art TU6 1U9 T833 18JZ +027 

Up 119 1720 1777 1776 —028. 

Oct 1721 T720 1723 JM3 —087 

Nwr 1721 T72D 1720 TtM— au 

DOC 1720 1728 1728 JB —017 

Jrt NT.. NT. NT. 7121—077 

Fob NT. NT. NT- TO* “tf" 

M W N-T. NT. NT. 170} —017 

Apr NT. NT. NT. ON —8.17 

ED. voOhtm: 57268. OotnbiL UMH 


Hoston M 




MM LOW Loll 


point after the report was re- 
leased but then eased in late; 
morning, pulling stocks lower 
with them. 




24820 WAS 24725 +028 
30423 30524 30S76 +031 
344.16 243-27 24X28 +073 
204.11 203.16 20326 +822 
21020 30885 30927 +072 


Forward 99280 +9XK 


96AM 90929 96090 96420 
99220 99320 98820 9W80 


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nations central bamc. 

U.S. Investigates CD Trade Practices 

. WASHINGTON (WP) - 1* j MfcjK&rt 
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The U.S. 30-year government 
bond yielded 7.67 percent,- 
down from 7.68 percent on] 
Tuesday, and was priced at S3' 
17/31 j 

Both the consumer and pro-- 
ducer price reports "drop infla- 
tion out of the worry quotient! 
for the time being," said Thom 
Brown, market strategist at 
Rutherford, Catherwood & 
Brown in Philadelphia. 

Technology stocks were 
strong for the second day in a 
row, supported by unexpected- 
ly bullish earnings reported 
Tuesday by Motorola. 

(Bloomberg, AT) 


NYSE Most Actives 


77059 7HM 77059 +V? 

77933 7MJ& 729 J0 +874 
743.79 74000 74340 +241, 
89447 88878 89185 +182 
9Z7.1B 92777 92873 +221 
49025 68541 6S7J1 —OJ6 


Fords 

RcWffl 

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Commas 
AWLcfc 
EMC 5 
walMan 
Mannas 

OnMctr 

Brasil 

IBM 

On-Dr 


52136 3246 
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30347 37V* 
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26346 53V, 
24037 24+4 
240*4 54+4 
23105 50% 
1B397 21+6 
7B300 XV. 
18122 40 V6 


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% » -0t AMEX Stock Indo 

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27'*. 27+4 +U 

mk m% *J% _ £*n-*xn 

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49K 50V6 * V. 

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30% 30V, —V* 28 Bonds 9875 


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DOG 9150 93J1 9315 +OM. 

Nw 93J7 93.17 021 +A18 

Jn . VM8 nM 9279 +8.15 

lip 9248 9271 9233 +&W 

OK 9203 97J2 9LW +0J7 

MOT 9171 91.55 9148 +077 

Jut, 9151 9U6 9149 +(Ui 

Sow vm 91.18 9174 +0.12 

Ok 9U3 9057 VUK + 8.13 

Or . 9853 +078 9047 +0.13 

7m 9080 9065 9075 +0.13 

EN. votomr: 06665. Omn W4 5MW. 
VMONTH EURODOLLARS CUFF El 
SI mOHm-FttOftOtM 
Sop 9446 9444 9444 +0L83, 

D*C 93J6 9356 9X94 +084 

M or N.T. N.T. *144 +0XB 



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80 7-22 8-1 


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Iq NT. ILT. 9X11 +1 

ED. volume: 177. Open MU A13X 


IS 1 

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SMONTH EUROMAUCS (UFFEI 
DMI mnnoo - pts 04 Wi p<3 
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. STOCK SPLIT 

CBS loc — Jlorl <datM oar anneuaEwL) 
CORRECTION 


BrtttWiSil PIC x am 784 80S 

MFSOmtarlnae r iBW w» 


NASDAQ Most Actives NYSE Diary 


907 *432 9433 — 083 

9489 903 9405 —082 

9191 run KLB7 —083 

9378 93*5 1047 —083 

9349 9345 9X45 —885 

9124 93.14 9X18 —886 


x-tam wJud apw w amount par ADR. 
raoRwcNnw amount didarad JuhrX 


DOLLAR: Traders Are Skeptical 


Cbatmued from P^e 9 
value against the mark and 7 
percent against the yen. So far 
this year, the currency has fall- 
en 12.4 percent against the yen 
and 11.6 percent against the 
mark. 

Currency players were look- 
ing ahead to U.S. retail sales 
data, due out Thursday, for fur- 
ther direction, according to the 
traders. In addition, traders 
have not ruled out the possibili- 


Foralfln Exchange 

ty that the Fed could still raise 
rates. 

“There’s justification on the 
part of the Fed for a rate hike 
because the real economy is still 
showing some strength and in- 
flationary threat,” said Stuart 
Thomson, analyst at Nikko Eu- 
rope. “However, what we've 
seen justifies a quarter point 
rise, not a full half point.” Such 
a rise would not be enough to 
reverse the dollar’s slide, ana- 
lysts said. 

“The market is only interest- 
ed in one thing — a substantial 
increase in U.S. rates," said Pe- 
ter Grossmans, senior trader at 
American Express Bank in 
Frankfurt “Even if they in- 
crease rates by half a point it 
won’t help the dollar for the 
time being." 


The target for the federal 
funds overnight interbank loan 
rate is now at 4.25 percent. 
Meanwhile, the Fed's discount 
rate, charged on its direct loans 
to banking institutions, is at 3.5 
percent 

There is little prospect of re- 
spite for the dollar from a cut in- 
the Goman discount rate. In. 
the past the Bundesbank has 
allowed the gap between its se- 
curities repurchase rate and the 
discount rate, which acts as the 
floor for German money mar- 
ket rates, to narrow to 25 basis 
points, or one quarter of a per-* i 
centage point. With the dis- ■ 
count rate now at 4 J percent; 
the gap stands at 41 basispoints * 

A smaller- than -expected de- 
cline in the Bundesbank's 14- 
day securities repurchase rate 
Wednesday signaled that the 
German central bank was not 
prepared to swerve from its pol- 
icy of letting rates drop gradu- 
ally. The Bundesbank trimmed 
its repurchase rate by 2 basis 
points, the smallest cut in 20 
weeks, to 4.91 percent 

The British pound dosed at 
51.564, down up from $1.5685. 
The dollar rose to 5,2785 
French francs from 52465, and 
strengthened to 1.2998 Swiss 
francs from 1.2900. (AFX. 

Knighi-Ridder, Bloomberg) 


DSC s 

WMMfS 321 
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41 41% 

23 24% 

47% 4WV M 
4fl% 61% 
28V, 29% 

23% 24% 

22% 23% 

20V. 22 

31 3*% 

13% 14% 

52 55% 

41% 43% 
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14% 15% 


— 1% Advancad 


- 1 % Uncnonoed 
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+1M WwLnn 
♦ 1% 

AMEX Diary 

+ 3% 

+W» , . . 

— 1% 


AMEX Most Acthros 


ronffiuMs 
NWHMN 
New Lows 


AmN 
Royal O B 
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SotPTtab 


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4154 5% 8% S% 

SXH 45Vn 4rt% 4497 b 
49B 4 5% 5% 

47VS 49 u 4% 4V„ 

4354 4% 3% 4 

4798 T% IK 1% 
3792 11 10% 10% 

TUB 4** 4% 4Vu 

Tata 32 31% 31% 

2448 31% 30% 30% 


aa. NASDAQ Diary 


— 71 

+v„ 

_IS‘ Advencad 
7S DedMrt 

Uncharted 

C • T CMtaUl 


Jao 9284 9234 9X84 —084 

ED. roteiNK 49A8X Oo*n ML: 804817- 
SMONTH PI BOR CMATIF) 

MJI +085 

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9337 9331 93J2 +BJM 

DOC *08* 933* 9339 +S82 

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ED. vokxm: 77340. Op«i Irtt: 118707. 
HERMAN eOVERMMKNT BUND (UFFE) 
DM 258888 -PtlM 188 rd 
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DK 73.18 9250 9281 — bS 

EsL votomo: TV8M. Opm mt: 9161 344. 
18- YEAR FRENCH DOV. BONDS CMATIF) 



RCBULAR 

§ .12 8-1 9-6 
88 8-5 835 ' 

37 7-22 8-15 
M 864 84 834 

M 38 8-5 8-34 

f .U 7-2* 8-17 
33 7-35 8-5 

Jl *5 9-IZ I 

„ 84 .746 85 

875 7-22 842 

S 84 825 815 
45 7-11 746. 
Q 37 7-13 740 
M .115 7-22 - 349 
Q 84 812 824 
Q 39 7-S 89 

2 5 lH S? 

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dufas. the ootical matters max siure ~ " ~Tr . vn , M j 

industry are Kuhps Hectrotucs NV and 

developed technology used in the disks and _ 

executives in. the industry, the two cemyaBUS - 
agreements are restrictive and have haiwred competi- 

'^K^nce you license a patent you’re to l 

SsElHc sardmetoensing agreements from Philips and Sony 

mesinvdved. 

Woobnortli Cute Dividend in Half 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — Wodworth Corp, cut its diyi- . 
dead nearly in. hatf^ Wednesday, seeking to free up cash to invest in ’ 


NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — Wootwortn oorp. 
dead nearly in hatf^ Wednesday, seddng to free np cash to invest in ’ 
its retail chains. , .. 

jbut also broiht it more inline \riththe apprarimatdy 3pc^i w 
yields other retail companies offer their shareholders, analysts saio. 

Weak Demand Hits Weyerfiaeiiser 

TACOMA, Washington (AF)— Wqrerhaeuser Corp. revealed 
Wednesday that its scccmd-qnarter earnings dropped a dramatic 
30 poceat, parity because denressed worldwide demand and ? 


worldwide demand and ' 


^ Unctxnrxd 
_C ' Total usual 
H owlU Dn 
**" • Now Lows 
+ % ' 


FnUR-MtfMM 
Sip 11686 m.12 1163 +086 

•C 11630 115L7I 115^8 +B3* 

V 11X24 11430 11434 +036 

m N.T. NT. N.T. UncA. 

EsL votame: 13129a Open Intr M238L 


Fjimmg s for toe quarter ended June 26 were $128.9 ntiDion, or 
62 cents a shar e, down from $181-5 million, or 89 cents a share, a 
year earfiet Second-quarter net sales increased 9 percent, to $2.6 -. 
bilHan, from the year-earlier $2-39 billion. • 


Spot Commo dHl M 


Industrials 


Markat 


Certri* o Bc t iup of Hcnliiti. RmcM r 
os+kes or Mann In nl att ptUd it J 
Olitnrtfawwil rt t iliN 'wtaah I 
jrtiSBhM % wbkb Sc taiiMP<B8il tart! 


U.S. Price Increases Slight in June 


AksnjQuniCb 869 

Copper eirdroirttcW 114 

Iron FOB, ten 21330 

LMCLIb 036 

SBwr.troyiB X19 

StMl (scrap). Ian 12280 

Tin. lb no. 

nactt 04666 


BASOILUM) 

US. rtllars nr RHtnc M»4ptB D IM loop 
An 15980 15635 15735 1S880 —035 


5*P 141-50 159.50 140.75 MJJS —OJS 

Oct 16435 16230 14335 14335 — 050 


Sons of A— In, tnd 4o aot comitate 
aSam/t of KcmUbn, tertka or \t*eeetm ta 
*cm jrfafiahio*. The tuena*ml ftnH 


1*680 1*435 16550 1*535 UnctL 
1*730 1*630 16735 1*735 — 035 
16830 16635 1*825 7(630 - 033- 


uasoane jmces, wdkxl unneuea in May, iobc uui rnuuu 

MERGER: CBS and QVC Are on the Sales Block After Comcast Bid largest mein a^tanThe prices otSedfiml 


Coadned from P^e 9 

CBS has joined QVC on the 
auction block.” 

Analysts think QVC ulti- 
mately could fetch $60 a share, 
or 12 times its estimated cash 
flow. 

“The bid is insufficient and is 
unlikely to pass muster with at 


feast two key QVC shareholders 
— TCI and lime Warner,'' said 
Craig Bibb, an analyst at 
PaineWebber. “Comcast will be 


forced to improve its offer, or 
another bidder may emerge.” 

Speculation on possible Ud- 
ders focused on . regional tele- 
phone companies, mainly the 
Atlanta-based BeUSouth, which 
had iwimaH with Comcast in 
backing QVC7s failed bid for 
Paramount Communications 
Inc. 

QVCs rival. Home Shopping 
Network Inc_ is also mentioned 
as a possible bidder, backed by 


TCI, another major owner of book and an interest in eleo- 
QVC, which is said to be un- tronic retailing is a possible bid- 
happy with the Comcast pro- dcr,” Mr. Bdbb said. 


WASHINGTON (Reuters) — U.S. consumer prices rose a . 
j 4 moderate 03 percent in June, theKiverpment said Wednesday, m • 
* the Rg^yid ^aight l >at«ji' of inflation figures that should calm , 
feara that the economy is in danger of overheating. - 

. The report, coming an the beds of news that wholcsale prices 

were steady lari mcm^ furiherreduces tiie lflcelihood the Federal 
Reserve Board will fed compelled to boost interest rates soon to* 
qodl inflation pressures. - 

Gas^ine prices, vrindx tumbled in May, rose last month, the 
Labor Dcparfmoif said, while firesb vegetable prices posted their/ 
largest rise in « year. The prices of medical care, clothing and; 
airline tickets also rose: . - . 


For its part. Time Warner, 
which owns a 7 percent stake in 
QVC, also has been named a 
candidate since. the Tnwdia com- 
pany. has planned electronic re- 
tail joint ventures with CUC 
International Inc. and Spiegel 
Inc. 

“Anyone with a big check- 


Many analysts said they be- 
lieved CBS would be sold. The 
CBS-QYC merger bad been “a 
, thudy .veiled means for Tisch to 
cash out most of his CBS invest- 
ment md bring in his replacc- 

tnent while maintaining a qtaVe 

in the upside created by Barry 
DiUer ” said Mr. Kbb. 


U.S. to Redesign Paper Currency 

' WASHINGTON (Bloomberg) — The Treasury Department 
unveiled {dans Wednesday to change the face of UJS. currency,' 
storting in 1996 with a huger, off-center picture of Benjamin 
Franklm cm theSlOO bill. 

Treasury Secretory Lloyd Bentsen, appearing before the House 
Banlring Committee, outtined dianges in paper; ink and design of 
currency m an effort to “enhance itssecoritym tins rime of rapid 
tecimologfeal change^” The niew dcsigns wril keep the same color, 
symbols and size c£ curreat bills. Kit their basic appearance will 
be reconfigured for fhefirri thne-in 65 years. 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1994 






<• 

cyo 


Page 11 j 


^hi- f;- 

' 4: 

^/aL.' 

-Sir- 

■^ S ' V 


EUROPE 


EU Fines Cardboard Firms 

cartels and heavy Sues the commission is still 


.x:: 


BRUSSELS — The European Union’ on 
Wednesday imposed a record fine of 13115 
mifeon European Currency Units ($165 million) 
on cardboard manufacturers for bre aking anti- 
trust rules by fixing prices. 

The four heaviest fines were levied on Igge- 
sund Paperboard AB, the packaging unit of for- 
«try products company Mo Och Domso AB 
(22.7 million Ecus); Meyr-Mehfeof of Austria. 
(21 muhon Ecus); Fmnboard of Finland (20 
mUlion Ecus), and Cascades SA of France (J&2 
million Ecus). 

“The present case reveals once again a disturb* 
mg level of sophisticated cartel activity- in a 
major industrial sector,” said Kard Van Mien, 
the competition commissioner. 

M lt is amazing and very disturbing that after 
more than 10 years of active pursuit of secret 


ingcartds in major industries,” he 

He said the investigation revealed a price- 
fixing system that involved cartel meetings in 
luxuiy holds in Zurich, where a Swiss fiduciary, 
Fidcs, conducted an information exchange. 

* Mr. Van MIert refused to name the ringlead- 
ers, winch he said had been fined 9 percent of 
their sales while the other companies had been 
fined IS percent. Store AB and a small Norwe- 
gian fban called Rena received reduced fines for 
cooperating in the inquiry, he said. 

The commission said the 19 companies that it 
fined accounted for almost afi production of 
West European cardboard. The previous record 
for a fine was the 104 million Ecus that the 
commissi on charged 14 sued companies in Feb- 
ruary for fixing prices. _ 1 , 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 


EU Urges Stronger links to Asia 


Bbimabag Businas News 

BRUSSELS — The European Commission 
called Wednesday for a radical overhaul of eco- 
nomic and political relations with Asia to avoid . 
being sidelined by the fastest-growing economies 
m the world. 

The c omm ission said it was urging businesses 
and government in the European Union member 
countries to mobilize their forces to open mar- 
kets, increase investment opportunities for Euro- 
pean companies and involve Asia more closely in 
international economic institutions. 

“If European companies are unable to take a 


full share of Asian growth over the next decade, 
this will affect their profits and competitiveness 
worldwide,” the commission said. 

It added that if EU companies failed to take a 
fair slice of the Asian market, protectionist in- 
stincts would grow in Europe. 

It said the EU was the second-biggest market 
for exports from developing Asian countries af- 
ter the United States, absorbing 128 biSkm Eu- 
ropean Onrency Units ($160 billion), or 27 per- 
cent of their exports in 1993. Asian imports of 
EU roods jumped from 15 billion Ecus in 1980 to 
93 button Ecus in 1993, the commission said. 


U.K. Data 
Quell Fears 
Of Inflation 

Ca&iptially Otr Staff FrcmDhpanha 
LONDON — British eco- 
nomic data released on 
Wednesday cheered investors 
by suggesting that although the 
country’s economy is growing, 
inflation is not a problem. 

Stocks rose by more than 1 
percent while the yield on the 
benchmark 10-year bond fdl to 
835 percent from 8.40 percent 
The number of jobless people 
in Britain dropped by 18^00 last 
month, to 2,642 nuttkm, a 27- 
month low, the government said. 
On a seasonally adjusted basis, 
that left unempLcymem at 9.4 
percent, the same as in May. 

Meanwhile, retail prices rose 
an annual 2.6 percent in June, 
unchanged from the May rate 

But ar^uft! underlying infla- 
tion, which strips out the effects 
of home mortgages and which is 
the measure most widely fol- 
lowed in financial markets, fdl 
to 2.4 percent from 25 percent 
: levd for 25 


This was the lowest 
years, the Treasury said. 

Analysts said the fall in nn- 
deriymg inflation would reduce 
the pressure for a rise in base 
interest rates, < 
cent 


l\n A AAV U«uw 

, currently 5.25 per- 
(AF, Reuters) 


Alitalia Reaches a Deal 
To Cut Jobs and Costs 

Roam 

ROME — AHtalia SpA, which has been losing nearly $1 million 
a day, negotiated a den! with unions on Wednesday to cut costs 
and 1,570 jobs. 

The agreement, which will need to be ratified by employees of 
the state-owned airline before the end of Jnly to take effect, came 
after talks that lasted all night and followed several days of 
disruption caused by strikes. 

The bargain lies at the heart of a three-year plan to save 771 
bflttoo lire ($480 million) in the next three years by malting the 
airiine more efficient 

None of the cuts wlQ be mandatory and workers are to be 
encouraged to leave using incentives such as early retirement 
packages, some of them gpvennnent-backed. 

The airline bad been looking to cut staffing costs by 20 percent 
over the next three years, implying a loss of 4,000 jobs from its 
20,000-fflember workforce. Union officials said further losses 
could riot be ruled oul 

The cuts are expected to affect ground staff only but cabin sxaff 
have accepted a pay freeze until 1996 and agreed to be flexible 
about the flights they work on. 

Alitalia expects a loss this year, but its two senior directors hope 
the results wul be less disastrous than last year. In 1993, Alitalia's 
net losses rose 20-fold, to 336.9 billion lire, amid a global recession 
in the airiine industry and Italy’s worst economic crisis since 
World War TL 

Very briefly; 

■ load’s Ministry of Industry and Trade is drawing up plans to 
build two industrial zones in the Gaza Strip. 

• Owners Abroad Group Pic, a British tour operator, said it had 
narrowed its half-yearly loss to £293 million ($373 million). 

• Royal PTT Nederland NV said it would cut its suppliers of 


Investor’s Europe 


Frankfurt London Paris 

DAX FTSE 100 Index CAC40 



■fra 

' . -1988 . 

M J J F M A 

. 1993 

MJ J 

1S »F-M-A- 

1893 

MJ J 

Exchange 

Index . 

Wednesday Prev. 
Close Close 

% 

Change 

Amsterdam 

AEX 

386.31 

38321 

+0.81 

BMsNti 

Stock Index 

7,294.41 

7,311.06 

-6.23 

Fratidurt 

DAX 

2,054.00 

2,048.05 

+029 

FtatSJurt. 

FA2 . ' 

732.70 

788.84 

-0.5 3 

Helsinki ... 

zm ~ 

1,756.60 

1.738.07 

+ 1.12 

1 London 

financial Times 30 

235&80 

2,331.90 

+1.07 

London.' 

FTSE 100 

ZfiOSM 

2,98330 

+1.40 

Madrid 

" General Inddx 

303.82 

297.46 

+2.14 

!■«#* • • 

: MU3- 

- 1,109.00 

1,095.00 

+1.28 

■PlHfe.- “ 

CAC40 

1,974.59 

1,933.62 

+2.12 

i Stockholm 

AifaKBvaertden 

1,827.31 

1,804.44 

+1.27 

[ VlKU»> 

Stodc Index 

449.06 

449.40 

-0.08 

[ Zurich . ■ 

sas 

688.10 

89826 

-1.13 


Sources: Routers. AFP 


Inirnuliraul Ikrjkl Tribune 


telephone exchanges to two from three, dropping Alcatel AJsthom 
in favor of LM Ericsson AB and AT&T Corp. 

• The Czech cabinet will delay consideration on the privatization 
of the petrochemical industry for at least another month. 

• Russia's program for a second phase of selling state industries 

drew a no vote in Parliament. a fp. Bromberg, Rnten. a p 


4* 


4 

s 

r: 

*a 

r. 

w 

I 


WATER: French Firm in Inquiry 


Continued from Page 9 
in his report, stated than 
ny executives “were totally 
aware of the fictitiousuess” of 
the work accorded to Gifco. 

Alain Ddrieu, spokesman for 
Ginfcrale des Eaux, catted the 
prelimina ry probe “a tempest in 
a teapot” He said the compa- 
ny’s political contributions on' 
Reunion were under tile ceil- 
ings permitted by law, and that 
election-control officials had 
found “absolutely so anoma- 
hes.” He added that the services 
obtained from Gifco were "real 
and justified,” though he could 
not say what they involved. 

Rumors have swirled around 
the company since last March, 
when an investigating judge 
from Reunion seized docu- 


ments at its Paris 
Further fading the n*ix, a cru- 
sading. former magistrate, 
Thierry Jean-Kerre, published 
a pamphlet in May entitled 
“Black Bode of Cbnraptkm in 
Prance.” He alleged widespread 
malpractice in the ttHdt fund- 
ing of doctoral campaigns by 
French companies, focusing 
media attention on the two big 
water utilities. 

Two weeks ago, Gtafcrale’s 
chairman, Guy Dejooany, re- 
sponded to the criticism by an- 
nouncing at a shareholders’ 
meeting that the company 
would set up an ethics commte- 
tee to oversee activities of com- 
pany subsidiaries. 

■ tjba&ralc des Eaux Obtains 
an animated 100,000 public 
contracts each year. 


MOORE: What Do CEO’s Know? 


Cbotfrmed frontpage 9 
on the serious teJevuaon news 
magazines descended from “60 
Minutes.” 

Though-lhe niew show, "TV 
Nation, is not being presented 
as conventional journalism, it. 
tries to go beyond mere enter- 
tainment One goal is to make 
people think about the way 
American companies operate. 

Michael Moore’s perspective 
is decidedly working class, and 
the man makes no pretense at 
fairness or balance. Someone 
like that makes network execu- 
tives and lawyers nervous. 

Which is why Mr. Moore, 40, 
was taken aback when NBC, a 
subsidiary of General Electric 
Co., offered to broadcast seven 
episodes of his new show. 

“At first I thought one of 
those earthquakes shook some- 
thing loose in Burbank,” said 
Mr. Moore, whose first show 
witt be broadcast Tuesday. He 
was referzring to the Los Ange- 
les suburb and 


hub. “2 asked them if they 
the right Michael Moore. 1 was 
afritiathey thought I was Roger 
Moore or Dudley Moore.” 

An NBC spokesman, Ed 
Harrison, said the show was a 

response to criticism that televi- 
sion lacked originality. 

Most episodes of TV Na- 
tion” will consist of five short 


humorous films, often involv- 
ing business or the economy. In 
one segment, Mr. Moore “fires” 
his Staff and tries to produce his 
show Jut Mexico to dramatize 
the impact of the North Ameri- 
can Free Trade Agreement. 

In another he lures a lobbyist 
in Washington to promote leg- 
islation giving his employees a 
50 percent tax cut 

The show also visited Avon 
lades who ply their trade by 
canoe along the Amazon River 
mBrazSL Not quite stated is the 
opinion that American capital- 
ism poshes its way into remote 
comers of the world with prod- 
ucts of questionable necessity. 

■ The “CEO Challenge” seg- 
ment, to be broadcast within a 
few weeks of the program’s first 
_ was conceived to show 
.executives who nm the cor- 
porations often have little 
knowledge of their companies’ 
products, operations or custom- 
ers. 

The executives Mr- Moore 
approached wore not always ac- 
commodating. Ralph Lauren 
didn’t show up to sew the hem 
of a shin. Reuben Mark of Col- 
gate-Pahnohve would not roll 
up his sleeves and demonstrate 
tos dishwashing detergent Jack 
Welch was too busy to screw in 
a GE light bulb. 


TOBIAS: A Tun Guy ’ atEIiLUfy 

Continued from Page 9 40 percent stake in Dow- 

of the telephone company, Mr. 

Tobias led a drive for overseas 
sales. It was crowned last year 
when he negotiated a memoran- 
dum of understanding with 
fhinfl on sales of equip ment 
and joint ventures in research 
and operations. 

He is also credited with turn- 
ing around AT&T’s long-dis- 
tance revenue after the 1984 
breakup of fee ffant is 
accustomed to ta k ing a four- 
enjrine bomber through fee 
SSL" Mr. Love said. “J drink 
n«mdy came at fee right tunc 
for this company.” 

According to some analysts, 
ihe S4 bfltton price Lilly is pay- 
ing for PCS is much too high, 
and it is Tar from certain how 

nqjidlytlren^c^ers^ap^ 

mioA* tens of millions of PCS 
drug card holders to switch to 
Lilly’s biggest 

prozac [^depression, Axtd for 
■ulcers and genetically engx- 
neered insulin for feabetes. . 

. Other critics say feat Liliys 
plan to offset $1 btUm g fee 

fe^^SSS' 

“Slly is likdy to cash out its. 


cides with Dow Chemical Co., 
for about $500 mflhon after tax- 
es. 

Some analysts praised the 
new approach. “The old Lilly 
operated in a vacuum,” said 
Hemant K- Shah, an indepen- 
dent drug 'analyst in Warren, 
New Jersey. “It was not witting 
to accept that the world outside 
Indianapolis has changed.” 

Bnt others are skepticaL 
Ronald Nordmann, a health- 
care analyst at PaineWebber 
jnc_ t noted feat IiUy “was late 
in altering international mar- 
kets and late in the managed 
care arena.” 

Mr. Nordmann said Lilly was 
slow to sett its banner drugs at 
discounts to maintain sales vol- 
ume in the rapidly changing 
marketplace, where intertnedi- 


and medical networks offer mil- 
lioas of potential customers in 
exchange for price breaks. 

But noder Mr. Tobias, Lilly 
had already bargained to place 
its products on tire l* 51 °f P 1 ® - 
f erred drugs for customers of 
Merck & Ca's recently ac- 
quired Medco managed care 
unit, a model for tbs Glly-PCS 
deal. 

And he is cutting costs by 
reducing Lilly’s worldwide pay- 
rofl by 3,600 employees. 

The post at Lilly took Mr. 
Tobias Wk to his native state 
of lncBana. He was bom in 
Remington, near Lafayette. 


THE MEASURE ■ 


OF OUR FAITH 
IN THE NEW 
SOUTH AFRICA 
- R15 BILLION 


ANGLO AMERICAN 
CORPORATION 

Points from 
the annual statement 
by the Chairman, 
Julian Ogilvie Thompson, 
on 30 June 1994. 


1994, a momentous and rewarding year for 
all South Africans, has seen the culmination of 
a process of profound change that we had long 
advocated. The country has been fortunate in the 
outstanding statesmanship of President Mandela 
and Deputy President De Klerk , in the goodwill 
of all who suffered under apartheid and in the 
manifest desire for peace and reconciliation that 
President Mandela has made a central tenet of 
bis administration. Now all components of the 
new South Africa must rise to the tremendous 
challenges that lie ahead, .is a member of the 
business community 1 am acutely aware of the 
part we have to play. The mining finance house 
continues to demonstrate its vigour and adapt- 
ability, harnessing under one roof the range of 
administrative, financial and technical skills and 
capital-raising capacity required for the major 
projects necessary to South Africa's development. 

■ Our faith m the future of South Africa is 
signalled by the current R1 5 billion investment 
programme of the Group and its associates. The 
major projects - almost entirely export- driven - 
each exceed R1 billion: the Namakwa minerals 
benefidation project, the Moab extension to the 
Vital Reefs gold mine and the new No 4 Shaft at 
Freddie's gold mine ; the Columbus joint venture , 
which will make South Africa a leader in world 
markets for stainless steel; and our investment 
in the Del Monte Royal Group , which draws 
substantially on South African products for the 
international branded foods business. 

■ South Africa's re-acceptance into the world 
community has opened up new horizons for 
the Group , enabling us to expand into areas 
previously closed to us. In West Africa we are a 
partner in the development of a most promising 
gold deposit in Mali and are conducting explo- 
ration in neighbouring states, hi Central and Bast 
Africa , and in Madagascar. In Zambia we. have 
proposed contingent on a feasibility study, a 
joint venture with ZCCM to develop the Konkola 
deep copper orebody. We are taking an interest 
in industrial ventures in the Far East and 


undertaking joint exploration in Vietnam and 
other countries in the region. We retain our 
close financial and technical involve?ncnt in 
Minorca's six exciting new mining ventures in 
South America , which could double the size of 
Amsa and re-establish the wider group as a major 
world copper producer. 

■ The ability to operate internationally as a 
dezvloper of major projects with or without over- 
seas partners , is a function of size. Our Zebra 
high -energy battery project could not have been 
undertaken without substantial research and 
development expenditure, spread over many 
years , and the support and participation of 
overseas partners - in this case Daimler 
Benz /AEG. Our extensive resource base was a 
factor in bringing Daewoo of South Korea , one 
of the leading industrial groups in Asia , into 
partnership with us to seek new development 
opparttmitics in South Africa. 

■ The Corporation's excellent results testify to 
our financial strength and the benefits of planned 
geographic and product diversity. Net earnings 
increased by 23 per cent to R2,9S4 million and 
attributable earnings by 20 per cent to R1.6S1 
million , with the total dividend increasing by 14 
per cent to R3. 95 per share. 

■ As our central business purpose is wealth 
creation — not only for shareholders - the Cor- 
poration is investing in significant p/vgrammes in 
the fields of small business promotion, economic 
empowerment, share ownership , employment 
equity and education. In the words of our founder. 
Sir Ernest Oppenbeimer, 40 years ago: “ Our aims 
have been, and they still remain , to earn profits , but 
to earn them in such a way as to make a real and 
permanent contribution to the well being of the 
people and the development of Southern Africa " 

ANGLO AMERICAN CORPORATION 
OF SOUTH AFRICA 



VISION BEYOND BORDERS 


A FULL COPy OF THE CHAIRMAN'S STATEMENT, TOGETHER WITH THE CORPORATION’S ANNUAL REPORT & ACCOUNTS, IS AVAILABLE 
FROM THE LONDON OFFICE, ANGLO AMERICAN CORPORATION OF SOUTH AFRICA LTD., 19 CHARTERHOUSE ST, LONDON EC IN COP. 
Incorporated in the Republic of South Africa, Registration No.Ot 05 309 06. 


•irmn 


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life T 785 1 'SSSn' ■“» « z W 























































































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1994* 




si 


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ASIA/PACIFI 



WASHINGTON — The 

SLStS 32 Un official See* 


mg economies to tear down 
protectionist walls, calling their 
lopsided trade surpluses an un- 
sustainable drag on the world's 
trading system. 

In a detailed report on trade 
and investment patterns in the 
P ac i fi c region, the bank said: 
“The potential for trade ten- 
sions and protectionism re- 
mains serious. Trade wars can ' 
do enormous damage." 

The report proposes that 
East Asia: 


Trade Deadlock 


• Reduce tariffs and other re- 


agreements under the Uruguay 
Round of the General Agree- 
ment on Tariffs and Trade. 


• Provide funding and coop- 
erate in environmental protec- 
tion so that countries that do 
not protect their environments 
do not gain advantages. 


•Turn away from regional- 
ism and instead commit to non- 
discriminatory treatment for 
trade and investment 
The region's huge trade sur- 
pluses were called a political 
and economic risk, whereas Bb- 


Rtuters 

TOKYO -- A U. S. trade of- 
ficial on Wednesday cast doubt 
on the outlook for trade talks 
between the United States and 
Japan and warned of a political 
crisis unless progress was made. 

*T hope we can narrow the 
differences in the next couple of 
weeks, but at this stage it is 
really an open question whether 
we mil reach agreements,” Jef- 
frey E. Garten, the U.S. under- 
secretary of ccmmerce for inter- 
national trade, told a 
on UJS-Japan lies, 
r. Garten said the mood 
had improved and differences 
narrowed since the two sides 
resumed economic framew ork. 
talks in June after a three- 
month deadlock; But he said 
significant obstacles remained 
to agreements in the three pri- 
ority sectors of insurance, auto- 
mobiles and autoparts, and 
government procurement. 


“Industrial countries are re- 
eralization could be a catalyst ■ loctant to offer continued ac- 
for world growth. 

At the beginning of 


1994, 

there were signs of political and 
trade conflicts between the 
United States on the one hand 
and Japan and China on die 
other," said the bank. 

It said the industrial wodd 
should encourage economic re- 
form rather than resort to 
“threats of inward-locking re-. 
ginnalijEm, aggresave trade re- 
taliation and ind ir ect protec- 
tion.” ^ 

Such warnings aside, the bank 
commended the region, which 
houses the world’s fastest grow- 
ing economies, - for efforts air 
ready underway to open its mar- 
kets to outsiders, but added that 
many countries in East Asia 
have high levels of protection. 

Some Arian countries, it said, 
maintain barriers in the wianu- 


cess to their own markets, 
where East Asian imports have 
15 to 20 pea 


recently grown 15 to 20 percent 
a year, without gaming better 
access to developing country 
markets,” itsaid. 

The Bank said that now would 
be the time to build an gains 
already made by tbe recently 
completed Uruguay Round. 

Gautam Kap, the Bank’s re- 
gional vice president for East 
Asia and the Pacific, said the 
increased flow of foreign direct 
investment would more than 
offset any loss of income from 
catting tariffs. Moreover, he 
said, & region is too important 
to remain on the sidelines while 
major initiatives are decided by 
iiumstriiiKaed countries. 

In the past 25 years. East 
Asia’s share of wodd exports 
rose from 7 percent to 21 pex- 


Going Nowhere , Slowly 

Wu’s China Highway Is Still Stalled 


Cwyiferf ty Ow Staff From Dupdcha 

HONG KONG — Gordon Wu’s super- 
highway in southern China is essentially fin- 
ished, tat tbe project is still stalled in the slow 
lane. 

- Mr. Wu, who had once forecast that the road 
from Guangzhou to the Hoag Kong border 
would be open in the middle of last year, now 
concedes mat die highway win. not be fully 
operational until at least Monday. 

The 58-year-old Princeton University grad- 
uate and managing director of Hopewell 
Holding* Ltd, already is obliged to jump into 
Hong ltong's filthy harbor as his self-chosen 
penance for missing one of the many lapsed 
deadlines, June 30 this year. 

The latest delay, Mr. Wu said, is the fault of 
the People’s Liberation Army. It will 

not be able to provide sufficient guards from 
among its 3 tmiiion soldiers for the bonier 
between the Shenzhen economic zone and the 
rest of China until at least Monday, he said. 

’Things arenot as easy as they used to be,” 
Mr. Wu complained- Doing bnsness in China 
was fraught with “more and more agencies.” 

The 51-5 billion, six-lane road, which 
Hopewell is to txansfer to provincial control 
after 30 years, will cut travel time from Hong 
Kong to Guangzhou to about two-and-a-half 
hours from the current seven. 

Despite the delayed opening, Mr. Wo de- 
cided to go ahead with a private tour of the 
road this week for several busloads of finan- 
cial backers, analysts and journalists. 

The 122-kSameter (76-mile) road, todk un- 
der 90 minutes to travel on Tuesday, although 
only a portion of it was open to general 
traffic. There was little traffic on one section, 
but the part near to Guangzhou had a steady 
stream of cars and trucks. 

The commercial potential for the road was 
visible to the west and below. Sailing along the 
highway, driven can look over at China's Na- 
tional Route 107, the old road whose two lanes 
are jammed with cars and trucks as they crawl 
through one small town after another. 

About 40 kilometers of the route is on 


viaducts through a region crisscrossed by trib- 
utaries of the Pearl Stiver. But Mr. Wu admit- 


ted that only two or three of the 15 inter- 
changes were ready and the rest would not 
Open until later this year. 

With economic growth running at over 20 
percent for a decade, the Pearl River Delta is 
not a pretty place. Shabby factories making 
toys, electronics products and sports shoes 
with cheap labor have sprang up in an area 
that was dotted by duck ponds and paddy 
fields a few years agp. 

Mr. Wu said the road could have opened 
nine months earlier but for delays caused by 
the Chinese side, and he is renegotiating a 
contract under which Hopewell would have 
kept for itself all tolls paid before June 30 this 
year if the road had been open. 

After the June 30 cutoff, Hopewell is to get 
only 40 percent of the tolls and 40 percent to 
80 percent of profits from real estate develop- 
ment along the route. 

Hopewell hopes to take in 2 bflHon Hong 
Kong dollars ($258.9 million) in toils in the 
first year, based on a projected 11,000 to 
20,000 vehicles a day. 

Toll rates for the highway still have to be 
approved by the Guangdong government, but 
they are Hkdy to nm in tbe area of 80 Hong 
Kong cents a kilometer for cars. Chinese 
nationals will pay in China's yuan currency, 
and their rate works oat to slightly less. 

The real money cranes from trucking. From 
tbe look of traffic on Route 207, at least half 
the traffic an the highway will be commercial 
trucks, whose tolls will run to up to six times 
the private car rate. 

In the end, it may not even be tbe highway 
that enlarges Mr. Wu’s fortune. He also gets 
40 percent to 80 percent of the revenue from 
gas stations, office space, and the rest of the 
40 million square feet (3.6 million square 
meters) of commercial space around 10 of the 
highway's 25 interchanges, only a few of 
wmch will be finish ed m time for the full 
public opening ( Bloomberg, Reuters) 


Pressure 

* 

Seen on 

Indonesian 

Publication 


Return 

JAKARTA — Owners of In- 
donesia’s oldest magazine. 
Tempo, banned with two others 
last month for its political cov- 
erage, are being pressured to 
sell the publication to a busi- 
ness executive with government 
connections, media sources said 
Wednesday. 

Tbe move follows weeks of 
sporadic but sometimes violent 
protests against a government 
decision to dose Tempo, Dctik 
and Editor, which are consid- 
ered among the vanguard of a 
revitalized media focusing on 
sensitive political issues. 

Media sources said behind- 
the-scenes jockeying to reopen 
Tempo under ownership and 
editorial management more 
amenable to the government 
started within days of the ban. 

The Tempo group, known as 
PT Grafi ti Peis, is 60 percent 
owned by its workers and 40 
percent owned by the Yayasan 


Investor’s Asia 


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Sources: Ranters, AFP 

Imonukuul UeraiiTribone 

Very briefly: 


S hanghai Aviation Industrial Group and McDonnell Douglas 
dorp, wfll jointly produce 20 advanced MD-90-30 planes. 

weekly was first ap- > Shanghai Erfangp Co. is planning an employee ownership pro- 
gram that will take many of its class A shares for domestic investors 
out of circulation, the China Securities newspaper reported. 


Jayaraya foundation. 

The weekly was 
preached by Hashim Djqjohadi- 


SATE1IJTE: A Shake-Up in Crowded Asian Skies 

already orbiting over 


Confined from Page 9 
tian of the market for satellite 
space over Asia — a scarcity of 
available capacity will soon give 
way to a glut because of a host 
of new satellites and technol- 
ogies on the horizon — Apstar 
l’s owners are bending rules 
that ultimately cannot be en- 
forced. 

APT Satellite Co. of Hong 
Kong, a seven-member consor- 
tium that features three Chinese 


factoring sector that are 40 per- cent and are expec ted t o reach government bodies, Singap ore 
cent higher than the protections 3£percent by the turn erf the Telecom, and companies 
erected by imhmrial nations. century. (Reuters, AFP) backed by Thai, Macao and 


Taiwan groups, has made initial 
approaches to the International 
Telecommunication Union, a 
body affiliated with tbe United 
Nations that supervises the as- 
signment of satellite positions, 
or slots, and radio frequencies 
in space. 

However, rather than wait for 
a ruling that is expected in No- 
vember or Deoember, a process 
that includes consultation with 
countries whose own satellites 
could be affected by the new- 
comer, Apstar 1 later this month 
is to be positioned dose to two 


NYSE 


Tables Indude the nationwide prices up to 


the dosing on Walt Street and do not reflect 
late trades ahewbere. Via The Associated Areas 


(Continued) 


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others 
Asia. 

Since one carries much of the 
international telecommunica- 
tions traffic and other services of 
Nippon Telegraph & Telephone 
Corjx, the Apstar 1 launch plan 
has prompted a round of negoti- 
ations in Beijing. 

“A little move in position in 
the Chinese satellite could pro- 
vide the solution,” said a Nippon 
Telegraph spokesman who con- 
finned that officials from Jar 
pan’s Ministry of Posts and 
Telecommunications were rais- 
ing their concerns with Chinese 
counterparts In Beijing this 
week. 

An APT Satellite Co. execu- 
tive based in Hong Kong said 
the July 20 launch was going 
ahead as planned while negotia- 
tions to fed a compromise con- 
tinued. 

“As far as I can teO. there is no 
plan for delay,” said K.Y. 
Cheung, a vice president at APT 
Satellite Co. m Hong Kong 


kusumo, a business executive, 
who offered to republish Tempo 
under a new license and editorial 
control media sources said. 

Mr. Hashim is related by 
marriage to President Suharto. 

Tbe move was dropped a few 
days later for unknown reasons. 

Tempo was then approached 
by Bob Hasan, a timber inves- 
torand friend of Mr. Suharto, 
who sought majority ownership 
and editorial control. 

Media sources said moves to 
place Mr. Hasan in control of 
.Tempo appeared to have the 
government’s blessing. A 
spokeswoman for Mr. Hasan 
confirmed be had opened talks 
but said negotiations were at an 
early stage. _ 

Journalists from Tempo on 
Friday agreed to appoint five 
representatives to s eric ways to 
reopen tbe magazine or exam- 
ine alternatives. One employee 
said they would demand edito- 
rial independence. 

The magazine closures re- 
versed a yearlong period of un- 
precedented openness in the 
country's media, during which 
journalists had focused on sen- 
sitive issues involving corrup- 
tion and political maneuvering. 


• Hong Kong-listed class H shares of Chinese companies are likely 
to remain weak due to oversupply, said William Ebsworth, chief 
investment officer at FSdefily Investments Managment (Hoag 
Kong) Ltd. 


• China Sted Corp. will offer 198 milli on shares, or 2.75 percent of 
its equity, by the end of this month. In March, China Steel offered 
72 million shares for private placement and 288 million to the 
public. The public offer was a flop with only 5.7 percent of the 
shares finding buyers. 


• Chinese investment in fixed assets this year must not exceed 1.3 
trillion yuan and loans to this sector must not exceed 190.8 billion 
yuan ($22.1 billion), the State Council said. 

• Japan's job market so tight that more than 2,800 people applied 
to take a government test to certify weather forecasters, ap, Reuters 


Siemens Wins Thai Work 


Reuters 


BANGKOK — A consortium led by Siemens AG of Germany 
and Italian Thai Development PLC of Thailand has been awarded 
a project worth 28 billion baht ($1 billion) to build a mass transit 


system here, Bangkok Transit System Corp. said Wednesday. 

i of tbe developer Tanayong PLC, 


Indofood Sale 
A Weak Light 
For Jakarta 


The transit system, an arm 
received approval from Thailand’s cabinet on Tuesday to start 
construction on tbe 14.4-mile (23-kilometer) light-railway system, 
which is targeted for completion in 1997. 

Edward Chow, Bangkok Transit System's chief financial offi- 
cer, said the project, to cost 35 bilhon to 37 billion baht, would be 
financed by a combination of debt and equity, of which 25 billion 
baht would be provided by the contractors. 

Bangkok Transit S plans to sign the contract with the Siemen- 
s'' Italian Thai Development consortium on Friday, Kasame Cha- 
tikavanij, tbe company’s chairman, said. 


“There is no basis for concern. 
We are working out a technical 


rotation to min mure the effect if 
interference should occur.” 

International Telecommuni- 
cation Union officials, who 
have few {rowers to enforce 
their regulations, privately said 
they believed a compromise 
would be reached and that the 
threat that China might one day 
have one of its own claims su- 
perseded by someone else 
should bring it into conformity. 

However, despite confidence 
that Apstar I will deliver great- 
er access to Asian markets as 
promised, a consortium of U.S. 
and Asian broadcasters who 
have teamed up to tackle STAR 
TV have made back-up plans. 

Other broadcasters slated for 
Apstar 1 include Capital Citie- 
s/ABC Inc.’s ESPN sports 
channel, Discovery Communi- 
cations, Home Box Office Asia 
and Hong Kong’s Television 
Broadcasts Ltd. 

“A lot of people have turned 
to us.” said Andrew Jordan, a 
Sydney-based executive with 
Apstar 1 rival PanAmSat LP. a 
company controlled by Grtrpo 
Televiso SA of Mexico. 


Reuters 

JAKARTA — The sagging 
fortunes erf the Jakarta stock 
market, which hit a low for the 
year this week, are unlikely to 
be revived by tbe float of PT 
Indofood. the world’s largest 
maker Of instant noodles, bro- 
kers said Wednesday. 

“Indofood wfll give people 
something to focus on and 
spark the idea that the market is 
not completely dead.” said 
Richard Fischer at PT Barings 
Securities Indonesia. “But I do 
not think it wfll be enough to 
help turn around the market at 
this point.” 

The index ended 0.73 points 
lowo- on Tuesday, at 449.72, its 
lowest level this year. The mar- 
ket, one of the world’s best- 
performing in 1993, has been 
under persistent selling pres- 
sure since the start of the year. 

PT Indofood Sukses Mak- 
mnr, which is to list on Thurs- 
day, has been actively traded in 
tbe gray market well above its 
initial public offering price of 
6300 rupiah ($2 .86). 

The company, owned by In- 
donesia's largest conglomerate, 
the Salim group, is offering 21 
million shares, or 2.75 percent, 
of IndofootTs equity. 


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SPORTS ■■■■■■ ; 

McGriff Homers in 9th, Alou Doubles in 10th and NL Defeats At, 8-7 


By Murray Chass 

v w York Tima Senice 

PITTSBURGH — The in- 
stant Fred McGriffs fly -hall 
sailed over the fence in Tefi- 
center field, the American 
League should have known that 
its longest winning streak in 
MrStar Game history was in 
serious jeopardy. 

The pinch-hitter’s two- run 
hopje ran off Lee Smith only 
. lied the score, at 7-7, but at the 
! least it would send the game 
into extra innings, where the 
National League has never lost. 

Sure enough, that territory 
remained the sole possession of 
the Nationals on Tuesday night 
because Tony Gwynn's single 
and a double by Moises Alou in 
the 10th gave them an 8-7 vic- 
tory, the league’s ninth in nine 
extra- inning All-Star Games. 

The last game the Rational 
League won, in 1987,'Sn‘ Tact, 
went 13 innings, and the Ameri- 
can League had won all six 
games since. 

“We’ve been talking about it 
all day, Ozzie and I,” an ecstatic 
Gwynn said, referring to anoth- 
er veteran, Ozzie Smith. “We’re 
about the only ones who re- 
&anber when we were win- 
ning." 

Another Smith, Lee, was the 
pitcher who threw the pitch that 
McGriff hit for the game-tying 
home run. The pitching Smith 
was the winning pitcher for the 
National League in that 1987 
Alt-Star Game. He wasn't the 
losing pitcher in this game: Ja- 
son Bere of the Chicago White 
Sox was. But it was McGrifrs 
shot that made the National 
League victory possible. 

McGriff said that when he 
saw Gwynn slide across the 
i plate an inning later, he 
' thought: *Tm glad it’s over. I’m 
the hero" 










, T- 










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H.+ctl Svllivun. ArfciKr Franct-Pnsoi 

Fred McGriff homered to tie to score in the ninth — 


The Atlanta first baseman, 
named the game's most valu- 
able player, fouled up the 
Americans’ plan to win the 
game. 7-5, on a three- run rally 
their second string generated in 
the seventh inning against John 


Hudek of Houston and Danny 
Jackson of Philadelphia. 

Scott Cooper of Boston dou- 
bled home the tying run against 
Jackson, and Kenny Lofton of 
Cleveland grounded a single 


through a drawn-in infield for 
two more runs. 

But the Three Rivers Stadi- 
um crowd of 59,568, largest 
ever to see a baseball game in 
Pittsburgh, did not give up. 

When Marquis Grissom of 
Montreal, whose sixth- inning, 
bases-empty home run had put 
the National League ahead, 5-4, 
led off the ninth with a walk, 
the fans cheered. When Craig 
Biggio of Houston forced Gris- 
som at second, they groaned, 
but they cheered when Biggio 
beat the throw to first 

“The big play in the math 
was Biggio beating out that 
double-play ball,” McGriff 
said. “If he doesn't 1 don’t get a 
chance to hit a two-run home 
run." 

McGriff, whose 23 home 
runs have put him in position to 
hit 30 or more for the seventh 
successive season, almost didn’t 
get into the game. 

“I was waiting for a spot" 
said Jim Fregosi, the Philadel- 
phia manager. “I only had a 
couple of left-handers. We were 
out of things to do." 

“I was over there sweating,” 
McGriff said. “We’re losing. He 
has to save me just in case. I 
said it’s getting late; it’s the 
ninth inning now. Something's 
got to happen." 

Fregosi sent McGriff to bat 
for Randy Myers. Smith got the 
count to a ball and two strikes 
before McGriff connected. 

“It was a fastball away ” the 
left-handed slugger said. “He 
blew the second pitch by me. I 
was thinking, let it go, be ag- 
gressive, take your whacks. If 
you don’t get him, get ready for 
Thursday and play the Mar- 
lins." 

Having insured at least one 
more inning before he could 
think of the resumption of the 





l.ar tiiu. Realm 


Tony Gwynn beat the throw home in the 10th as Jim Leytand, coaching at third, provided a iitffe saracy footwork. 


regular season, McGriff 
watched Gwynn and Alou do 
their part in the 10th. 

Gwynn, playing the entire 
game after substitutingin cen- 
ter field for 'Lenny Dykstra, 
who had undergone an appen- 
dectomy, had doubled home 

tWO runs iri-the third inning and 
scored on Mike Piazza’s single 
for a 4-1 lead. Now he led off 
the 10th against Bere, and he 
rapped a single to center field. 

Alou, who had replaced Bar- 
ry Bonds in the ninth, was the 
next batter, and he drove a 
pitch from Bere to the wall in 


left-center. Gwynn raced 
around the bases, and Tun Ley- 
land, the Pirates' manager serv- 
ing as the third-base coach, 
waved him home. 

Albert Belle of Cleveland re- 
trieved the ball in left-center 
and threw to Cal Ripken Jr. of 
Baltimore, the shortstop and re- 
lay man, in short left Ripken 
wheeled and fired home to Ro- 
driguez. but Gwynn's slide got 
his foot to die plate just ahead 
of the catcher’s tag. 

“When he got to home plate 
and I saw the umpire call him 
safe,” Alou said, “Wow!” The 


sot of Felipe Alou, who played 
in two All-Star games, Moises 
smiled broadly. 

“It was great to see Alou gc. 
in the game," Fregosi said, “fm 
very dear friends with his la- 
ther, and my son played with 
him in the minors. It was a great 
thing for him to get the hit. I'm 
glad I got a chance to use him." 

Gwynn was the only player 
Fregosi used the entire game. 

“I’m tired, but I probably 
won’t be able to sleep tonight," 
said the veteran, who had bat- 
ted- only .235 and driven in no 
runs in nine previous All -Star 


games. “Hi sleep tomorrow be- 
- cause i, : v.t»s able to contrib- 
ute. and 2, the National League 
bung in there ' 

The National League, inter- 
esting]'. . hit the only two home 
runs in the game. The more po- 
tent American League hitters 
hit none. 

“Considering they- have Grif- 
fey and Tiv. -mas with 30 some 
home runs, ‘in awesome num- 
ber at the .All-Star break,’’ 
McGriff raid, "we car hold our 
•'-T.T5. Vve don’t have to take a 
hack -?c3t." 

At least m-t this tear. 


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By Thomas Boswell 

H'ushin^nm Part Service 

P ITTSBURGH — Ken Griffey Jr. Frank 
Thomas and Matt Williams got the best 
imaginable news this week. It’s likely that major 
league baseball's regular season — and their 
chances to break Roger Mans’s record of 61 
home runs — will be saved. 

At their union meeting, the players showed an 
increased inclination to announce a Sept 30 
strike date, rather than the Aug. 16 date previ- 
ously preferred. — •— - 

Plavers assume a Vantage 
strike probably nt%*n* 

can't be prevented roint 

and die postseason 

is likely a lost cause. So. as a financial gift to 
themselves and a public-relations gesture of 
good will toward fans, the players now seem 
inclined to salvage the regular season. It labor 
Armageddon is coming anyway, why not play 
until the last paycheck and incentive clause has 
been earned? Besides, maybe somebody will hit 
62 home runs. Why ruin that too? 

in the wake of these labor developments, the 
All-Stars here have changed their tune about 
whether Griffey, Thomas or Williams can pass 
Maris. For weeks we’ve heard. ‘They’ll never get 
the chance.” Now you hear, “Yes, they can." 

This a L -star week has enhanced the already 
enormous reputations of Griffey and Thomas. In 
Monday's home run hitting contest, both, 
launched balls of more than 510 feet. In the All- 


Star game itself, Griffey doubled off the left field, 
wall in tiie first inning; Thomas followed with an 
RBI single to center. In the fifth, Griffey singled 
borne a run; Thomas singled on the next pitch- 
and eventually scored. Combined, they went 4- 
for-5, plus a walk. 

The Colorado Rockies’ manager, Don Baylor, 
stood by the batting cage before the game and 
listed the records, once assumed unassailable, 
that he’d seen broken during his time: Babe 
Ruth’s 7 14 homers, Ty Cobb's 4, 191 hits, Walter 
Johnson’s career strikeouts — which Nolan. 
Ryan surpassed by thousands. 

“Now, Cal Ripken’s probably going to play in 
2,131 consecutive games," said Baylor. “What’s 
left except Joe DiMaggio’s 56-game" hitting streak 
and 61 home runs? Maybe 56 straight games really 
is the only one that won’t be broken." 

Everybody has his favorite candidate. But al- 
most nobody doubts that the homer record is 
reachable tins season. 

“Oh, yes, somebody can definitely break it," 
said Mike Mussina, the pitcher for the Baltimore 
Orioles. “I think Frank (Thomas) has the best 
chance because he doesn't swing at bad pitches 
and get himself out or put himself into slumps. 
Also, the (new) parks are smaller and balls are 
flying out everywhere. Hitting is contagious. . 

“Of course, there’s also the hush-hush T 
word,” he said. That, of course, would be the 
word “juiced.” Whether the ball actually is liveli- 
er, hitters suspect it is, which boosts their 
confidence. 


“Don't forget, the home run time of the year is 
just beginning," said the San Francisco Giants 1 
manager. Dusty Baker. “We’re getting those 95 
degree days when the ball flies out . . . The 
pitchers are at that 150- to 200-inning dead- anu 
period when the curves start rolling instead of 
snapping. Kids get brought up from the minors. 
The buQpeas are worn out . . .**. 

Fair or not, few outride San Francisco think 
Williams can stay in. the race-. Of coarse, the 
public’s, choice for 6 1 in '61 was Mickey Mamie. 

This week has beat cruel to the third baseman. 
He skipped the homer contest, went 0-for-3 with 
two strikeouts in the game and made a wild 
throw on a simple force play that led to lwo runs. 

The debate here has centered primarily around 
the camps of Thomas and Griffey. Griffey has a 
model uppercut left-handed home run swing. At 
impact, he lodes much like a bigger Maris. When 
he’s hot, he can do impossible things to unhitLa- 
ble balls. He's homered this year on pitches that 
were ankle-high and above his shoulders. But 
such, raw instinctual barrages also get him out of 
sync, and he's slump prone. 

The right-handed Thomas is a pure, alj-fields 
line-drive hitter who happens to weigh 259 
pounds. As a result, his line drives go enormous 
distances. But he may take too many walks and 
hit too many balls through walls to reach 62 
homers. And when he talks, Thomas sounds like 
a man who thinks about the Triple Crown more 
than home run records. Like Ted Williams, be is 


such a perfection;:--: he ha-- n..er m pa tided his 
strike zone for anybudv or an> thing. 

“If Fran); i horns hUs.?'»‘ v.irh 150 RBI and 
50 homers, then give him -vr- due. 'hose are Lou 
Gehrig numbers, if he dr** ji dree ur four more 
times, then he is us good us Gehrig," said Reggie 
Jackson. 

Ah, yes, Reggie the resident expert here on 
The Chase. Where Griffey, WtlMnms and Thom- 
as now stand, with 33. S3 ana 32 homers after 
their 87th, S9:b and faith garter-. Jaekson once 
stood, too. He was far Ahead Of .Tint with 
37 homers :.t die Ali-Stsr bre-.-. 1 : in .Iriid. 

“i was a ’iale w u-ig." lacksun said after 
bombing one .»vcr the u jillor he fans in his old- 
timers game uniform. '-Jbe pressure got to me." 

Jackson prefers Griffey’s chances for 62 be- 
cause “Griffey V -he -no=i s-. ?in!K adjusted." 
And while nobody can be .• rr 'etely at ease in 
the modern celebrity maei-ir Coffey does 
well considering — can this rvo.lbly he* correct? 
— he's 24. 

“They’re aJr*:-ad’- getting ixsie of the pres- 
sure.” said Jackson. ' Gri'lVv had five hits in one 
game against ‘.he Yankees •s.-i week and they 
asked hira why "c didn’t a home run. All 
thev’U hear is. ‘ t cu fcuve.-. ; h_jJ a hurae run in 
eight days. Ti'a T 5 Jf- si-ba*?. *4 around outs, 
eight single, . . 

It's not supposed to be vwy. But at least 
there's now hc*pc Inal Junior. T he Big Hurt and 
Mystery Man Man wi.l ^ei a :-j‘i season to take 
their shot. 


DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 





















INTERNATIONAL- HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY .JULY JL4- J,9»_ 


_.. .: - ,J_ K.ir',1 sSi-i-* W^-r ; '* "" 


Page 16 


LVTERNATTOIYAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1994 


SPORTS 


Indurain ‘Loses,’ and Nearly Doubles Lead 


By Samuel Abt 

International Herald Tribune 

LOURDES HAUTACAM, 
France — Halfway up the first 
bi^ climb in the Tour tie France. 
Miguel Indurain looked back 
once over his left shoulder and 
then once over his right When 
he saw that his major rival. 
Tony Rominger, had been left 
behind Wednesday, Indurain 
knew just what he had to do: 
Attack. 

Twenty minutes later, the 
Spaniard rode out of a thick 
screen of fog and cold mist and 
crossed the finish line after an- 
other terrible show of force. For 
the second time this week, fol- 
lowing his victory in the indi- 
vidual time trial on Monday, he 
had humbled this bicycle race. 

Indurain badly wanted to 
win this 1 1th stage, the first of 
two in the Pyrenees, but did 
not. 

He was left two seconds be- 
hind in the final few hundred 
meters by Luc Leblanc, a 
Frenchman, and had to settle 
for second place among the 175 


riders who started the 263.5- 
kilometer ( 164-mile) stage from 
Cahors to Lourdes Hautacam. a 
mountainlop ski resort. 

He did, however, succeed in 
nearly doubling his lead, to a 
huge 4 minutes. 47 seconds, 
over Rominger in second place. 

Arm and De Las Cuevas, a 
Frenchman with Castorama, is 
third, 5:36 behind: Piotr Ugru- 
raov, a Lithuanian with Gewiss, 
is fourth, 8:32 behind, and Leb- 
lanc, who rides for Festina, is 
fifth. 8:35 behind. 

Although the finish in Paris is 
still 1 1 days away and many big 
mountains remain, there cannot 
be a rider left who believes that, 
barring accident or sickness, In- 
durain can be denied his fourth 
consecutive victory in the Tour. 

Leblanc was timed in 6 
hours, 58 minutes, 4 seconds, a 
fast pace of 37.8 kilometers an 
hour (23.5 mph) considering the 
length of the stage and the 
steepness of the climb, which 
was rated beyond category on 
the standard scale of one, hard- 
est. to four, easiest. 

The speed would probably 


have been lower in hotter 
weather but the riders had a 
comfortable day in the 70s un- 
der overcast and sometimes 
drizzly skies. 

Following the second-placed 
Indurain was Marco Pan rani, 
an Italian with Carrera, 18 sec- 
onds behind the winner. Rich- 
ard Virenque, a Frenchman 
with Fes tin a, was fourth. 56 sec- 
onds behind, and De Las Cue- 
vas was fifth. 58 seconds be- 
hind. 

Among the day's more note- 
worthy casualties were Chris 
Boaraman. the Englishman 
who rides for Gan and who 
wore the yellow jersey after he 
won the prologue, ana Claudio 
Chiappucci. another Italian 
with Carrera, who had set his 
heart on winning here. The ex- 
hausted Boardman bad to quit 
his first Tour de France and the 
sick Chiappucci finished 168 th. 
nearly 24 minutes behind. 

Now in 135th place overall, 
Chiappucci, who has completed 
the Tour in as high ds second 
and third place in the last four 


yean, will get a chance to recov- 
er Thursday, the race’s single 
day off in three weeks of com- 
petition. 

On Friday, the battle will be 
renewed with a long stage over 
four major climbs in the Pyre- 
nees. Indurain knows those 
climbs well and always races 
strongly over them. 

The Spaniard, who rides for 
the Banes to team, started the 
day 2:28 up over. Rominger, 
who rides for Mapd-Clas and 
finished second last year. The 
Swiss labored on the second 
half of the 13.6-kilometer climb 
and wisely decided to mount at 
his own pace rather than blow 
up while trying to chase the 
back of the man wearing the 
yellow jersey with No. 1 pinned 
EO it. 

Grimacing with his effort al- 
though he rarely rose from his 
saddle as the others did, Indur- 
ain attacked on grades that 
ranged up to 10 percent and 
averaged just under 8 percent. 
Once he jumped, the nearly 
dozen riders around him began 
f alling b ehin d. 


Pantani had the lead at that 
point after he and the other 
leaden overhauled a five-man 
breakaway that romped 
through a good part of the stage 
before the climb. With three ki- 
lometers left and a thick bank 
of fog ova the road, Leblanc 
and Indurain were the Italian's 
two closest pursuers. 

As they caught him, one on 
either side, Leblanc bolted 
away. The Spaniard fought 
back, regained his lost 200 me- 
ters and then tried to get away 
himself. 

A rider who has often al- 
lowed an opponent to win a 
stage while be himself widened 
his overall lead, Indurain this 
time went for the victory. His 
focus said so, his determination 
said so, his speed said so. 

Leblanc said no. 

Each rinv Indurain passed 
him, the Frenchman drew even. 
On the last curve before the 
straightaway to the line, be 
whipped ahead into the con- 
cealing fog and was gone. In- 
durain had run out of space. 



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Lac Leblanc emerged from the fog first, which was Miguel Indurain’s only dbappointroesit- 


Ailsa Craig Ready 
For Golf’s Finest 


By Leonard Shapiro 

Washington Pan Service 

TURNBERRY, Scotland — 
It sits out there in the distance, 
off the Firth of Clyde coast, this 
massive Ailsa Craig, “ihou crag- 

§ y ocean pyramid" as a sonnet 
y John Keats once described 
the forboding hunk of granite. 

It rises out of the sea and is 
home to 20,000 gannets, huge 
birds with the look of a seagull 
on steroids and a piercing 
screech they say can be heard 
all the way to Northern Ireland, 
on the other side of the water. 

It is one of countless spectac- 
ular sights and stirring sounds 
that make the Ailsa course at 
Tnmbeny such a splendid ven- 
ue for the 123d British Open 
that gets underway Thursday 
morning. As they say in these 
pretty parts, “If you can see 
Ailsa Craig, it is about to rain. 
If you can’t, it is raining." 

As stunning a view as the 
rock provides on a clear day, 
most of the 156 players in the 
best field in golf would proba- 
bly prefer not to see Ailsa Craig 
in an its glory this week. They’d 
like it belter silhouetted in the 
mist, with a fresh breeze not 
quite blowing up a storm. 

Td like to see it blow. I'd 
love to see it bowl.’’ said Phil 
Mickelson, the 24-year-old 
American who’s long-hitting 
game with a sweet touch around 
the greens seems ideally suited 
for Turabeny. “To me, that’s 
what the British Open repre- 
sents. If it really blows, it defi- 
nitely limits the number of peo- 
ple with a shot to win.” 

On Wednesday, the sun was 
-riining . the water was dead 
calm and the wind was merely a 
whisper. The forecast called for 


rain Thursday and wind kicking 
up by the weekend. But the lo- 
cals will tell you any conditions 
are possible day-to-day on the 
tempestuous Scottish coast, and 
weather forecasts are mostly 
imma terial. 

If it does stay like this for the 
championship over the rain- 
softened 6,957-yard, par 70 
course, everyone predicts the 
sort of lights-out scoring more 
suitable for a Quad Cities than 
a British Open. And what a 
shame that would be, almost all 
the players are saying, even as 
bushels of birdies are bong 
duly recorded on their cards in 
the warm-up rounds. 

Jade Nicklaus and Tom Wat- 
son played as partners Wednes- 
day in the final practice round 
against Nick Price and Greg 
Norman, the defending cham- 
pion, and had a best ball of 10- 
under 60, both shooting rounds 
Watson said were in the “raid- 
60s." They won all the bets, and 
afterward. Price said he’d never 
seen Watson, a five-lime British 
Open champion, putt so wdL 

“I was making everything." 
Watson agreed, saying he'd got- 
ten “a little tip" from Lee Tre- 
vino last week playing in Ire- 
land. He wouldn’t say exactly 
what Trevino told him but ad- 
mitted, “I can't say I haven't 
thought about winning this 
tournament 

“The golf course is playing 
relatively easy,” Watson said. 
“With the conditions the way 
they were today, you’ll see a lot 
of low scores. I'd like to see 
firmer conditions. That’s what a 
links course is. But Mother Na- 
ture dictates bow you play, in 
’86 here, it was wet and it was 


Gillooly Given 2-Year Prison Term 

PORTLAND, Oregon (AP) — Despite the prosecutor's recom- 
mendation for a more lenient penalty. Tonya Harding's ex- 
husband, Jeff Gillooly. was sentenced Wednesday to two years in 
prison for his role in the attack on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan. 

District Attorney Michael Schrunk asked Donald Londer. the 
presiding circuit judge for Multnomah County, to sentence Gil- 
looly to a year in prison because of his extraordinary cooperation, 
with investigators. But Londer. while citing the seriousness of the 
offense, also said Gillooly was the “primary moving force which 
led to the assault." 

For the Record 

Karl Wemffinger, the Austrian driver who lay in a coma for 
mere than three weeks after a spectacular crash in Monaco in 
May, said Wednesday said he wanted to return to Formula One 
racing. (Reuters/ 

Lennox Lewis’s next defense of his WBC heavyweight tide, 
against mandatory challenger Oliver McCall of the United States, 
has been set for Sept 24 in London’s Wembley Arena. 1 Reuters/ 
- JJP: This one’s for you. 





Negotiating Is the A 
Judge Tells NBA an 


ers 


By Richard Justice 

Washnpom Poet Sance 

NEW YORK — The federal 
judge asked to rale on the Na- 
tional Basketball Association’s 
labor dispute ended an often - 
combative day-long hearing by 
warning players and owners 
that they had better settle their 
differences by negotiating with 
one another. 

"Tins whole thing should 
have been decided in collective 
bargaining," Kevin Dirffy, a 
U.S. district court judge, said 
Tuesday. 

Duffy extended a temporary 
restraining order preventing the 
league from negotiating any 
contracts and said he was pre- 
pared to settle the matter him- 
self after hearing^ testimony 
from Comistioner David Stem, 
three players — Danny Man- 
ning, Dominique Willems and 
Buck WOfiams — and others. • 

He gave both sides until noon 
Wednesday to submit final 
written arguments, but he did 


Some Wbrds From the Judge 

Tiew Yark Tima StrHcer. 

NEW YORK — U.R District Court Kevin Duffy wield- 

ed a priddy verbal scepter at the hearing. To wit: 

• “Unless you want me.meddling in your labor negotiations, 
you should go out and g£t it fixed now.” 

• Speaking to Frank Rothman,. one rf the Irague’s lawyers, who 
unsuccessfully defended the National' Football Leag u e in its 
antitrust fight against the United States Football League: “Do 

. , w * - ... *.■ _ » ! -L VI j 


• “Your honor, I lost $1,” Roth man rq>lied, ref erring to the fact 
that the jury awarded, the USFL damages of only SI. 

“And aD the attorney's fees -r not a sraafl matter.” Duffy said. 

• Asking about the league's motives in seeking a judgment that 

the labOTm^mtc was not an anti trust matter: “Why not let it go to 
collective bargaining?” - 

“J wanted to, bave were threatened with antitrust litigation ” 
Rothman said. “Wc brought declaratory action . . 

“To diddle around for two and a half years,” Duffy interjected. 
“You’d Hke the judge of- the court to become czar of the NBA?" 

• To Wiffiam Landes, an economic expert called by the NBA 

Players’ Association, when his background revealed no testimony, . 
or writings about sports: “Step down!" • 


Kevin Con&tn/Rcnttn not indicate when be might year 


r was $3.5 nalKon per 
that he had received a. . 


Tom Watson offered a comment on Jack Nkklaus’s physique during the last practice rotmL 


blowing like crazy. Boy it was a 
bearcat.” 

Said Nicklaus. “If the British 
Open was played inland and 
not on this kind of course, I 
don’t think people would come 
over here. Harder and faster, 
that’s what makes it fun to play 
here.” 

One day in 1973. during the 
John Player Clastic, the wind 
blew so hard — 120 miles an 
hour at its worst — that every 
tent on the grounds was pulled 
out ax the stakes. In the first 
round of the ’86 Open. 45-mile- 
an-hour gales strode and 40 
players failed to break 80. with 
a stroke average of 78.9 for the 
field. The rough was brutal and 
the landing areas so narrow 
only 10 players managed to hit 
the fairway off the ninth tee at 
Ailsa’s signature lighthouse 
hole that day. Nicklaus asked, 
“What fairway?” 

Norman needed 74 blows 
that afternoon and said “some 
of the players are bang humili- 
ated. ft was the land of day 
when you walk off with a head- 
ache from concentration and 
fighting the wind." 

The next day, he shot 63. a 
record- tying round with eight 
birdies, an eagle and three bo- 
gies. induding one at the 434- 
yard last hole when he three- 
putted from 28 feet. At the 
time, Watson described it as 
“the greatest round ever played 
in a tournament I was a com- 
petitor in." 


Norman went on to win his 
first major championship, nine 
years after Watson had played 
four magnificent rounds 
to beat Nicklaus by a stroke at 
the first British Open ever 
played on the Ailsa course, in 
“77. Some say that 106th Open 
may have been the best of au. 

For the first three days, Nick- 
laus and Watson had identical 
scores of 68, 70, and 65 as die 
distanced themselves from the 
field. The two best players in the 
world were paired in the final 36 
holes in virtual match play com- 
petition. At one point in the last 
round, Watson, then 27, turned 
to Nicklaus, 37, and said, “This 
is what it’s all about, isn’t it 
Jade?" 

Then, at the 498-yard 17th, a 
relatively easy par-5, Watson 
hit a 3-iron second shot to with- 
in 10 feet for a possible eagle. 
Nicklaus came up short of the 
green, dipped to four feet and 
missed the birdie puiL Watson 
had a tap-in birdie and, for the 
first time all week, the lead. 

At the 18th, Watson’s 1-iron 
was straight and true, safe in the 
middle of the fairway. Nicklaus 
reached for his driver, and 
pushed his ball far to the right, in 
deep grass a few inches from a 
gone bush. Watson came over to 
have a look at Nicldaus’s dilem- 
ma, then walked back to his own 
ball and hit a 7-iron to two feet. 

Still, Nicklaus was not done. 
He hit down on the ball with an 


8-iron and somehow got the 
ball on the putting surface; 30 
feet from the flag. Of course, his 
birdie putt was dead in (he hole. 
But Watson quickly walked up 
to his ball and made the putt for 
65 and the second of his five 
British Open titles. Thor clos- 
est pursuer was that year’s U-S. 
Open champion. Hubert Green, 
1 1 shots behind the winner. 

“I won the Open," Green 
said that day. “Those two were 
playing some other game.” 

Who’s game can prevail here 
this week wiO be determined in 
large part by the wind and 
weather. Norman, as usual, is 
the betting favorite, with all the 
usual big names — Watson, 
Price, Nick Faldo, Bernhard 
Laager, lost Maria Olazabal 
and Tom Kite — considered the 
major contenders. 

Ernie Els, the 24-year-old 
U.S. Open champion from 
South Africa, also could be a 
factor, even if he did miss the 
cut at the Scottish Open last 
week. He’s had sixth- and fifth- 
place finishes the last two years 
and is trying to become the first 
player since Watson in *82 to 
win the U.S. Open and British 
Open in the same year. 

“Other guys have won two 
majors in a year,” he said, “so 
why not me? That would be 
quite something.” 

In the shadow of Ailsa Craig, 
it almost always is. 


have a decision,, which will ' one-time $10 million, banns in 
probably be appealed by one 1990- 

tide or the other. Wfflrins, a free agent, took 

“It’s in his hands,” said the stand to comptaa that the 
Charles Grantham, executive salary cap prevents. him from 
director of the NBA Players As- being able to join the team of 
sociation. The idea was that his choice. But under cross ex- 


director of the NBA Players As- bang awe to jom the team of 
sociation. The idea was that his choice: But under cross ex- 
we wanted to niaifp our case in ami nation by league attorneys, 
court. That’s been done." he did admit to .doing quite 


lective bargain and 


mained ready to meet with the SS^mfflion last season. Heajso 


players’ association. 


confirmed that the Los Angdes 


mg it was largely responsible coa™ 1 want 
for an explosive growth in pop- Manning 
ularity and revenue. mflfion over 


3 for S10.5 
years in his 


When Duffy first considered rookie season and turned down 
the restraining order last week, * five-year, $25-mfl&on offer 
he gave the two sides until from the Clippers a yeatago. 
Tuesday to wodt out an agree- When be pointed out that he 
meat, ft they couldn’t reach a couldn’t join certain Beams be- 


deal, he said he’d hold a one- cause the salary cap mad e only 
day trial and come up with a few large slots available, be 


court. That’s been done." he did admit to doing quite 
Stem reiterated his desire to n^y under ^ct HTents ytiem. 
Klvetbe dispute throufhed- 


: season to 


“It’s a labor issue,” he said, dippers bad offered him a two- 
TVe^’Srit’smmtioust ^ M-mOBon deal Wilkins 
issue.” has called that .offer insulting 

A settlement seems unlflcdy _^p ccw * sc * J Portland's Buck 
because three previous negott- W i l li a ms admi tted he made 
ating sessions produced noth- ^ miBion last season and that . 
mg resembling progress. be had already tigned up for 

The players want to abo&sfa of ».2 rafflion nertsea- 

the draft, salary cap, revenue “d $3.4 nrilhon ml 995-96. 

sharing and other staples of The • “I’m not going to sit here and 
most recent collective bar gain - tb® players have not done 
ing agreement, while the league wefl financially," Wnhams said, 
wants to keep essentially tire * want the right to live where I 
same agreement in place, claim- want to live and play for the 
ingitWl^r^ntible coach I want to play for” 


esting glimpses into the huge seven years; Boston, $37.5 mfl- 
amounts of wealth the NBA has Son over seven years; Gteve- 
enjqyed the last decade. The land, 537.8 nailltoa over seven 
commissioner confirmed tbaijyeaxs. 


The players areaiguing that a 
system without restrictions 
wouldn’t harm the competitive 
balance of the game, that the 
rich teams wouldn’t get all the 
good players and that, there 
wouldn’t be chaos. The league 
is sajdng almost the opposite. 

SnB, tbere’s no question both 
sides have done well since the 
salary cap/revenue sharing sys- 
tem was agreed to in 1983. In 
1982-83, the last season before 
tire cap, players made $79.6 mil- 
lion in salaries and benefits. 
Last season, they made about 
$535 mfiUon. 

The average, salary has gone 
from $260,000 to $1.56 million 
over that same-period. 


Rockets 9 Rudy 
lit. Police Say 

The Associated Pros • 

WEST UNIVERSITY, 
Texas — Rudy Tonrjano- 
viefa, coach of the NBA 
champion Houston Rock- 
ets, was arrested and jailed 
Wednesday morning for 
drunken driving. 

He refused a sobriety test 
at the scene, arid 'at 'the 
West University jail re- 
fused to take a breath test 

Emerging from the jail at 
9:45 AJM. after posting 
$500 bail, he said: “What . 
we have here is a difference 
of opinion." The jail is 
a bout a mile from The 
Summit! arena where the 
Rockets play. 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1994 












SPORTS WORLD CUP 


Page 1' 


fWA’i 


F/tiematbrnal Herald Tribune 

L OS ANGELES — Humor and life’s iro- 
nies arc probably last on Mam© Tassotti right 
now. But as the Itahan defender shs out the last days 
of the World Cup, banned for eight matches for 
dbowing Spam’s Luis Enrique in the face, it might 
occur to him that he lists Ernest Hemingway's “A 
Farewell to Anns’” as his preferred reading matter; 

One never knows about players and their declared 
likes and dislikes. ' 


ip, Now It Must Assess What It Hus Wrought 


Rob 

Hughes 


’s idols 
in 


TassottTs claim to lit- 
erary taste appeared 
in brief biographical 
notes from the Italian 
federation’s press office, notes in which 1 
worn obviously encouraged to say 
prase of U.S. cuh figures. 

However, Tassotti may dpi have time for .reading 
anything but die revised FIFA rule book. He pra- 
■ tests dnx he has been victimized, a 
of soccer’s draconian crackdown at this tournament . 

Certainly Tassotti has been harShly punished. IBs 
eight match suspension, and fine of 20.000 Swiss 
francs ($15,000), effectively ends the international 
career of a defender of 34 years of age. 

His case is unprecedented. FIFA, with keen; tech- 
nological sight, used video tape to judge the AC. 
Milan right back guilty of an offense mused by the 
match referee, the finesmea, the reserve referee. Tt 


was unique because ti ns ca se did not start with the 
referee's report,” said FIFA’s sp ok es m a n, Andreas 
Henna. “It was an np to the tape.” 

The tape convinced FIFA’s msdpfinaiy commit- 
tee dial Tassotti was guilty of ’intentional serious 
vtnlCTt conduct " IB the nwm* in Dallas, 

if not in 'the •rfteainconsisteit eye erf die Hungarian 
match ref tree Sandor Pohl, Tassotti had defiberatdy 
used Ins dhow to break the Enrique’s nose 
The Italians protested, of course. Said -Raffade 
Ranucri, chafonan of die Italian technical commit- 
tee, “Since not any <rf the four officials at thematrii 
saw anything, we took it for granted nothing would 
be done, Fak ioldus they derided to look at the 
video after a report based on. ft fifth official in the 
stadium to supervise the others” 

Wow! Kg brother, indeed. 


Blatter, FIFA’s zealous chief executive, who 
said tut video would be used to catch die villains, 
and absolve the innocent. 

Any student of World Cup football will know the 
reason for this. Remember 1982; remember the 
bodily assauft by which Gennany’s goalkeeper, Har- 
old Schumacher, took out France’s Patrik Baftiston. 
Remember that went im punishcd, that 

the blood poarisg from Baniston’s busted mouth, 
the pain of his wired and broken jaw, became a 
permanent stain on the worid game. 


Enough, said FIFA. Enough, said Blatter in par- 
ticular. We cannot promote the sport, cannot give 
creators the fre edo m to express while condoning 
common assault disguised as a legitimate tackle. 

Hie Brazilian defender Leonardo was suspended 
four gaps for dbowingTab Ramos of the United 
States in the temple. Tassottfs punishment was 
doubled because there was not, asm the Leonardo* 
Ramos case, a provocative foul by the injured player. 

“Mine was not a voluntary foul,” Tassotti insisted 
before the FIFA judgment. "We were pushing each 
other to control a high ball, we both elbowed. I did 
not realize J bad hit him on the nose. I tried to 
apologize to turn on the field, but he was furious." 

Furious is not the word. Lois Enrique was livid, 
his nose ran red with blood. The Spaniards railed at 
the izgustice because; if the foul was as intentional as 
FIFA now says, it should have been a penalty and 
Spain might not now be ool of the World Cup. 

There lies the crux of another matter. FIFA, by 
admitting video evidence to determine guilt on the 
field but clinging to the view that the referee’s 
decision is inviolate as far as the match result goes, 
has prepared the path to instant replay on the field. 

There is no alternative now. Those erf us who frit 
that referees were human, and to be Iranian is to err, 
have lost our case resisting technological interven- 
tion. But if the cameras are tp incriminate, they must 


also be used to serve justice. The implication of 
FIFA’s finding is that Italy cheated Spain out of the 
World Cup, but that nothing can right that wrong, 
only retribution can be wrought against the peipe- 
tralor. 


Yet new technology is neither foolproof on 
or simple. FIFA’s msriphnaiy minds apparently 
took an hour to review and review again the moving 
images of Tassotti versos Luis Enrique. Which was 
not surprising: The television pictures seen around 
the globe proved nothing. We saw the two men run 
together, small figures on a long shot on the left 
comer of oar screens. 

Obviously there was contact. Oyer four or five 
strides they ap pe a red to jostle. Enrique at the back 
of Tassotti, before the Spaniard suddenly jerked 
away and fell dramatically. Haring see a two boturs 
previously, Jurgen Klinsmann of Germany perform 
bis dying swan act to con yet another penalty out of 
a referee in the match against Bulgaria, one won- 
dered. 

One assumes FIFA had another view, another 
camera angle. One trusts it has a cast-iron case and 
that Tassottfs appeal will come to nothing. 

Far him, a farewell to ar cs in deed. For dozens of 
players at this Worid Cup, FIFA’s determination to 
cleanse the sport of persistent foal play must, surely, 
crane as a punch on the nose. If they do not know it 


by now they axe idiots: FIFA is on a crash course, 
cracking down on players who have grown up. 
indeed been coached, with the ethos that foul play is 
fair gain. 

Without doubt, the fear that has settled on dc- ’ ’ 
fenders has made for more attacking flair. It has not ' '■> 
raised the standard of soccer, but it has freed those - " 
who can create, and has undoubtedly made this the - 
most entertaining World Cup since 1970. 

Nevertheless, that 1 1 players, half those taking the * 
field to start the Bulgana-Italy semifinal, did so in 
fear of a second yellow card, and thus automatic 
suspension from the final, takes away some competi- 
tive dement from this contact sport 
FIFA has boldly gone where no sports officials 
before dared. It must now assess and reassess its 
authoritarian achievement. It began with Blatters ' 
personal crusade against thugs and cheats, and like ' 
the former Swiss Army colonel that be is, he acceler- 
ated the advance once he saw how easily the enemy 
retreated. 

Fine. But now, Mr. Blatter, please slew down. 
Talk to the players, talk to the coaches, the arbiters. 
Try to reason with them. TeH them there will be no 
backsliding, but that authority recognizes that ev- ' ' 
eryone is ia this together. 

Search for accord. For a farewell to arms. 

Sab ffifba b ob the naff of The runes. 



Erie Dipper/ Anodaud Pica 


Romeo Ojcad; ApaUt F rjnjr.f 1 :-. «! 


T'^e flora at the hotel mFuIIerton, California, was no match for tbe Brazilian photographers stalking their national team’s soccer players- They managed to bag dramatic shots of Branco, left, Rom&rio and Donga drinking their morning coffee. 



Brazil’* Progress Ratchets Up Media Feeding Frenzy 


Cup Souvenirs Abound 


;*e v- ■ 


* '3-- 


By Norman Chad 

i Los Angela Tima Service 

LOS ANGELES — In oar continuing 
J, informational series entitled' ‘This Is 
America: I Hope You Brought Money, ” 
■* ' we poke oar roving Worid Cup cameras 
into that most Americanof monetary insti- 
- rations. The Mad For it is at TheMall that 
: we find out prerisdy wiry the world has 

come to Los Angeles these past few weeks 
— not for soccer, but far pins, pendants, 
i and, of course, Peter 



rn* 1 


:, i * 
> 


At Tbe Mail we find stores that did not 
even oust several weeks ago and won’t exist 
several weeks from now, but at this very 
moment are doing a brisk business in World 
Dtp wastebasket backboards ($7.95). 

“It’s good old American ingenuity,” said 
Melvin Galloway, manager of retail opera- 
tions at Thc Soccer Experience in Beverly 
Q n t <w_ “This is just a bunch of Americans 
getting in here, a buck and getting 

OOL" 

“I met people from all 24 countries witi> 
in the first month of- opening our doors,” 
said Steve Gross, owner of Plaza Pasade- 
azs Worid Soccer Store, winch opened 
April I and wiD dose Aug. 1. *Tfs been 
steady business.” 

There appears to be a ample formula to 
track the spending habits of foreign visi- 
tors and foreign-boni Los Angeles resi- 
dents: 

Yon win, you buy; you lose, you cry. 

“Whenever a team is in town, their sales 
go through the roof ” Galloway said, “And 
if they wtn a game, forget it — everything 


GaHo- 


• People boy pins, trade pins, collect jrins 
and, j nltimaldy, stick themsdves with pins. 
So many pins, so few shins and coats. 
There are subsets of pins —city pins, team 
pins, country pins, even McDonald’s pins. 
If s kind of rand to collect them all, unless 
yon. don't mind eating Egg McMnffms 
every day for ajuxonth. 

• Peter Max. What, his 15 years of fame 
aren’t up yet? It’s just schlock art, for 
crying- out loud. (Obviously, the public 
disagrees. “AH my Peter Mas stuff sells 
plenty,” Galloway said, “The posters, the 
T-shirts, if a all popular.” Yeah, weDLnot 
to burst any ado-water bubbles here, but 
that fancy schmaacy soccer design on all 
those Peter Max T-shirts — how's that 

After three wid§ng& tflljust 
look like a Rorschach test.) 

Here’s a tip-off an the quality of his 
work: The poster from the “Peter Max 
collection” sells far $60 framed or $14 
imfn rmwi. That means the frame is worth 
three times as much as the art, so how good 
can this guy be? (And why is he always 
referred to as “Peter Max?” WeJVafl right, 
sometimes if s “pop artist Peter Max.” But 
it s never jnst “Max." 

• Neddies. People, people, people — 
there is absolutely no way any Worid Cup 
necktie kxrfts good tied around anyonefe 
neck. Case dewed. (Obviously, the public 


ByJohnette Howard. 

WfasUngtan Pest Sorter 

FULLERTON, California — Hie Bra- 
zilian journalists were everywhere. They 
the windowed walls of the hotel’s 
restaurant The camera shutters, 
fired, the lights were blinding. Several TV 
cameramen were fihning with their lenses 
pressed flat against the window glass. 

Four morerqxnters leaned over a waist- 
high wall topped with tropical plants, 
pushed aside the plotted palms, and 
strained in to eavesdrop on whatever Bra- 
zilian stars Bianco, Dunga and Romfirio 
said as they at e brea kfast 

Rom&rio smirked. Branco was impas- 


sive. One of the reporters whispered a live 
radio report into a cellular phone, breath- 
lessly relaying that Dunga was here and — 
gam! — having his morning coffee. 

If the pressure, the excitement, tbe mdo- 
dramatic scrutiny around Brazil’s national 
team was high before, if s been racheted up 
ten-fold now that Brazil was to face Swe- 
den in Wednesday’s Worid Cup semifinal. 

Carlos Alberto Parreira, the coach of 
Brazil, wore a bemused look when he ap- 
peared to talk to reporters' Wednesday. 
Nearly 500 Brazilian media are here and 
one newspaper is devoting 28 pages a day 
to Worid Cup coverage. 

The same countrymen who flog Parreira 


Meanwhile, there also appears to be a 
•- simple formnla to trade the spending hab- 
its of generic soccer fans and casual, local 
mall rats: 

• V Yongotit,rflgeUL 
“AD erf our product is 
way said. “There are no . 

' has those soccer-playing dogs on velvet.) 

Thus, the following items can bought at 
The Mall: 

v World Cup coffee mug ($JL50)- 
Worid Cup fabric wallet ($5.95). 

’ ' World Cup money dip ($ 39 . 95 ). 

Worid Cup sterling after cuff finks ($59> 
World Cup gold watch ($179). 

Worid Cup shin and ankle guard (31b). 
Worid Cup temporary tattoo ($450). 

Aid now for the big-ticket item. ladies 
and gentlemen: . , 

Worid Cup foil-leather country uafet, 
Jeff HanriUon-desBgned, hand-std^m 


an otherwise respectable-looking, middle- 
aged man at Farmers Market last week 
wearing a necktie featuring the Hkeness of 
'Roberto Baggio. Folks — and we 
shouldn’t have to say this more than once 
— when ycni buy a fine Italian silk tie, it 
does not nave to have an Italian on it.) 

Actually, the best buy might be the T- 
shirts that provide information about each 
World Cup country. For $16-95, the front- 
of the T-smri induaes capital, population, 
language, area, currency, continent and 
prerase geographical location of tbe coun- 
try in question. (Saudi Arabia: 24 deg- N. 
1st-; 46 deg E. long.) 

Of course, this won’t bdp yon find your 
car when you’re done at The Mall, but it 
wiD give you some sense of direction — 
with your Wodd Cap compass 
0) — when you finally manage to 
avd 



WORLD CUP WRAP-UP 


■ Now these are all practical items, but 
tfop- fa* $nmc moentanm-se that we have to 
recommend against: 

• • Pina. What's the deal with this pin 
craze the past 10 years? jofrtpms, 

for crying out loud. (Obviously, tbe pnbhc 
disagrees. Cross does 
business onjprns. It s a $5.sonvennv he 
explained. “It packs easy and you draft 
have to worry about si zes . Yeah, weal, if 
thafs all it takes, how come shoelace sales 
aren’t booming?) 


Luis Enrique, the Spanish forward 
whose nose was broken by Marat) Tassotti 
during a quarterfinal match, on Wednes- 
day joined the criticism of the Italian de- 
fender’s ei^iHnatch ban. . 

Enrique, quoted in several Spanish 
^newspapers, called the punish m en t “exocs- 

sive” and said he would have been satisfied 

with an apology. • • • ' 

Tbe Italians are appealing the esght- 
. game suspension,, vrinen would for ce Tas - 
SOtti to miss g** 1 ™* 5 m the coming 
Enropean championships. 


• Goal scoring keeps going up. After the 
first round there were 94 goals in 36 
matches, fra: an average of 2.61 per game. 
Twenty-five more goals in the second 
round increased the average to 2.70, and 15 
more in the quarterfinals, has the current 
average for the tournament at 2.79. 

Thg 134 goals scored even before the 
Worid Gnps?Sl5 bM8& 

• Sections of the temporary grass field 
at Giants Stadium in New Jersey go on sale 


Thursday for $10 to $20 a square foot, 
depending on the size of the order. 

The grass, which was placed over the 
regular artificial surface and several layers 
of soD and plywood, was to be removed 
two hours after tbe Italy- Bulgaria semifi- 
nal so a temporary stage can be built for a 
Pink Floyd rock concert this weekend. 

The grass was specifically grown for hot, 
summer weather, meaning it wiD start to 
turn brown about September. And, if you 
buy, you must cany it away — immediate- 
ly- (Reuters, LAT, AP) 


almost daily in newspaper sports sections 
immediately abandoned their restaurant 
watch of Dunga, Branco and Rom&rio and 
were tripping over themselves to follow 
Parreira and his knot of security guards to 
a patio table outside the team’s hotel, 
where Parreira had this to say: 

There will be no more lineup changes. 
Brazil must be wary of Sweden's tong- 
ball style. 

And: “It is not the finals yet It is not for 
the championship. Only in the final can 
you begin to dream.” 

When asked how he handles the relent- 
less scrutiny, Parreira’s stock answer is 
that being coach of the Brazilian national 


t«im is great fun — but not until you win 
the world championship. 

Early in the tournament, Parreira smiled 
wanly when asked why 150 million people 
in Brazil seem to believe that the only one 
who doesn't know what's best for Brazil is 
the Brazilian national team coach. 

“Maybe FIFA should allow Brazil to 
play with six teams,” Parreira said. “We 
might please hall the people. Otherwise, 
there's no solution. One team should be 
attacking. One should play defensive. An- 
other creative. One could be a fantasy 
team. To please everybody wiih just one 
team, it can’L be done.” 


Cup Spurs Memories for Pele 


By Alex Yannis 

New York Times Service 

PASADENA California — Pelfe sound- 
ed nostalgic as be recalled Brazil’s dash 
with Sweden nine World Cups ago. a 
match in another decade, another country. 

The year was 1958, and the place was 
Sweden, where Brazil met tbe host coun- 
try’s national team in the final 

Thai was the year the entire worid dis- 
covered and embraced Edson Arantes do 
Nasdmento as Pdfe, its soccer son. It was 
the year Fdfe, at 17, broke into world 
prominence, leading Brazil to its first of 
three Wodd Cup titles. 

Pelfe scored two goals in Brazfl’s 5-2 
triumph over Sweden in that champion- 
ship game. 

“I wanted to talk to my parents in Bra- 
zil, but Z couldn’t do it because communi- 
cation was not good in those days,” Pel 6 
recalled Tuesday, feeling anew the excite- 
ment that kept him up all night after the 


game. “They told me I had to wait until the 
next day to rail, but I was so emotional 1 
didn’t sleep that nigbL” 

Pelfe had made his Worid Cup bow that 
year against the Soviet Union in a first- 
round match, and he said that be identified 
with Ronaldo, the 17-year-old on Brazil's 
1994 team who has not been used yet in 
this year’s tournament. 

“1 feel for Ronaldo,” Pelfe said, “I know 
how he feds because I didn’t play until the 
third game in 1958.” 

Pelfe wasn't noticed against the Soviets, 
but he was when he scored the only goal in 
Brazil's 1-0 triumph over Wales in the 
quarterfinals. 

“That first goal 1 scored in the tourna- 
ment is also the thing I remember the most 
because we qualified for the next round." 
Pelfe said. 

The world probably better remembers 
the three goals he scored in 20 minutes in 
the 5-2 semifinal triumph over France. 


Brazil’s Zagalo Has Seen it All 


Darfd GntiaMgena: 

Caitas Alberto Parreira, BranTs coadi, faced a crush of reporters in Fullerton. 


Reuters 

LOS ANGELES — Mario Zagalo, the 
assistant coach for Brazil, said be was 
hoping Sweden would be as generous in 
Wednesday^ semifinal as it was in 1958 
when the two sides met in tbe final. 

Zagalo scored one of the goals as the 
Brazilians beat the host country, 5-2, to 
record the first of their three world Cup 
triumphs. 

“Tfie night before the match it poured 
with rain,” Zagalo recalled. “But the 
Swedes made a huge effort to clear the 
pitch of water, even though they knew that 
they would benefit from playing us on a 
soaked pitch. 

“It was a gesture I will never forget- 
Since then I have always been grateful to 
the Swedish people for this gesture.” 

Zagalo has a remarkable crack record, 
having been involved in all erf Brazfl’s 
previous Worid Cup wins. 

frk P]ayed in all six games of the team’s 
aKJoessraj 1958 campaign, scoring in the 
final, and au six marches in 1962, when 
Brazil retained the trophy. 

When Brazil won for the third in 
1970, Zagalo, capped 33 times, was coach. 

His only failure as coach came in 1974, 


when Brazil went out in the second round. 
Still, there has been tbe criticism. 

“In 1958, we started out with a classic 4- 
2-4 which became 4-3-3 and they were 
already saying I was messing up the left 
winger’s roler he said. “Afterwards they 
discovered that in reality I was ahead of . 
my time. 

“Before the 1970 competition they said 
that I was mad, that i was stupid, that 1 
was going back to 1958. 

“Yet we won the Cup and we scored 
more goals than any other team and lei in 
fewer.” 

The criticism “hasn’t changed.” Zagalo 
said. “It’s just that there are more people. 
We had 90 miHion people in Brazil in 1970. ■ 
Today we have 150 million. 

‘TTnere were 90 million would-be coach- . 
es in 1970 against 150 million today.” 


To our roodors in Switzerland 

It's never been easier to subscribe 
and save. 

Just call our Zurich office 
toll free. 

155 57 57 

or fax; (01) 481 82 88 


* 



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Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1994 


ART BUCHWALD 


Disneyland , D,C. 


W ASHINGTON — The 
second battle of Manassas 
is now being waged between 
Walt Disney and Civil War 
buffs of Virginia. The Disney 
corporation wants to build a 
giant theme park devoted to 
American his- 




Budmald 


tory. The his- 
torians want 
the Disney 
people to take 
their Mickey 
Mouse idea 
somewhere 
else. 

If, for some 
reason, Disney 
can’t get per- 
mission to 
build its park on hallowed Ma- 
nassas ground, Joe Skalet has a 
suggestion. 

“The company should move 
the park to Washington, D.C„ 
which has been called Disney 
World North for some lime 
now,” he told me. 

“Opening in Washington in- 
stead of Manassas would save 
the Disney company millions of 
dollars because all the fantasy is 
already there. 

“The Capitol could be re- 
named The Magic Mountain.’ 
There could be a magic show in 
which billions of dollars would 
disappear before the public’s 
eyes. Elected officials could 
moonlight as clowns, and lob- 
byists, dressed as pirates, would 
sink legislation not to their lik- 
ing. 

“The dome of the Capitol 
would feature a 'Slide for Life'- 


Paris American Center 
Names New Director 


The Associated Press 

PARIS — Marie-Claude 
Beaud, director and artistic 
manager of the Cartier Founda- 
tion for Contemporary Art, was 
appointed Wednesday to head 
the newly opened American 
Cotter. 

The 48-year-old Frenchwom- 
an will take over the center as 
executive director Sept. 1 . 


“Who would you put in the 
White House?" I asked. 

“Mickey and Minnie. Every- 
one who worked there would be 
required to wear mouse ears.- 

’‘Every hour Mickey and 
Minnie would come out and 
have their pictures taken. Don- 
ald Duck would be their 
spokesperson and he’d explain 
what they really meant to say.” 

“It’s such an opportunity for 
kids to learn about our history," 
I told Joe. 

“One of the main attractions 
of the park would take place 
when it gets dark. Disney engi- 
neers have already figured out a 
way to put rockets on the Wash- 
ington Monument, and every 
15 minutes they could make it 
roar into space. 

“This attraction, by the way, 
would be free and included m 
the price of a ticket," Joe ex- 
plained. 

“There would be something 
for everybody. We are hoping 
to sign up Ollie North to sit in a 
swing where people could 
throw softballs at him, and if 
they hit him he would be fall 
into a large tank of water. 

“Another attraction would 
be a giant wheel with 20 num- 
bers on it For SI, visitors 
would bet on a number and, if 
they won, they could take home 
a stuffed toy in the likeness of a 
Supreme Court justice." 

□ 

“Would you consider having 
Beauty and the Beast?" I asked 
Joe. 

He replied, T hope so. We 
could get Packwood to play the 

“Who would play Beauty?” 

“Anybody on the Hill he 
chooses." 

Joe told me that he didn’t 
think Disney would have any 
problem getting the park off the 
ground. “We would run a clean 
place where even Snow White 
and the Seven Dwarfs would 
feel light at home.” 



By Mike Zwerin 

International Havid Tribune 

P ARIS — The time when musicians built a repu- 
tation by blowing a bunch of choruses of some- 
body dscs tunes are basically over. Personalities are 
now based on original material. Ironically, the Bea- 
ties had a lot to do with that. However, true original- 
ity is in short supply. Worse, it’s not really wanted. 

The lost chords have all been found. All the vamp s 
have been vamped. Free Jazz has been tamed. How 
many new sounds can be left? There are those who 
reply, “as many as human beings.” But the scale is 
tempered, all boms have mouthpieces, keyboards 
have keys. We are hcni ted by our tools, and imagina- 
tion is not exactly being encouraged. New is consid- 
ered old-hat and fresh is stale, a combination of not 
much new left to play and the music business not 
tolerating the unfamiliar . We live in the age of the 
scqueL Something new should preferably be bor- 
rowed. 

You are rarely able to identify a contemporary 
improviser by hearing a few bars, as with Django 
Reinhardt and Ben Webster and the stylists of yore. 
John Scofield is one of the few with a franchise 
sound today. This premier guitar player is now 
touring Europe with Pat Metheny, another one. 
“Playing other peoples’ tunes is still fun,” Scofield 
says. “But it's no longer enough. When Louis Ann- 
strong or Charlie Parker improvised, that was 
enough. Improvisation itself was enough. Just doing 
it was new. Not any more. There have been too 
many stylists. It’s played rail” 

Herbie Hancock took harmonic sophistication on 
a keyboard about as far as possible using a 12 -tone 
scale, at least nobody else has taken it significantly 
further. Tony W illiams and Jack DeJohnette 
stretched time across bar lines to practical limits 
(Denis Chambers, an exception, is still building on 
it). Sam La Faro turned the bass fiddle into a 
melodic instrument 30 years ago, and later ditto 
Jaco Pastorius with the bass guitar. The rest has 
been addenda and finesse. Joe Zawinul found a 
personal sound on synthesizer but who has done it 
since? All young saxophone players fed somehow 
obliged to play Lute Michael Breaker. Exceptions, of 
course, prove the rule, but there are less and less of 


them. The best young players, particularly the best 
tidered to be those who are the 1 


best at 


paid, are considered 
imitating an ancestor. 

Young musicians today appear to have forgotten 
the sage advice of the past master who said: “If 
you're going to sound like somebody else, make sore 
they played a different instrument than you do” 
Cloning is no accident, it is the objective. “He 
sounds just like ...” is a compliment, certainly 
from record companies. With the help of electronic 
gizmos, a sense of history, an inquiring mind and an 
adventurous spirit, Scofield has combined the rock 
textures of Jimi Hendrix with the harmonic implica- 
tions of John Coltrane. You know who it is. 



cq jfltiwy,. Ifrifj 5 * 77 rvn the instrument was rare 20 
years ago and so when Scofield and Medway met in 
Boston they found they had a lot in common. They, 
hooked up as often as possible. % 

“I Can See Your House From Here" (Blue Note), 
their first (co-billed). album together has recently 
been released. I . hate to say tins because it’s not 
rwilly his fault but Par Metheny has had too wry 
clones and it has become difficult to distmgiush his 
(day. He and Scofidd sound like two great guitar 
‘players but you are often not sure vrita-. ' 

Scofield has eamed a contract with a mul titration- 
al record company, a house in the cwontty and two 
cars. He two cbihft-co and Ins wife, Snsaxuishis 
manager (a key dement in a successful jazz career). 
His career has “never boat better.” His songs earn 
rx^ties, he works asofteinas'he wants, he has been, 
on the Tonight show and he gets interviewed a lot A 
New Yack limes reporter, recently asked him why 


fhe^gtgs he (days .with are so often white. 


autumn Rose 


Guitarist Scofield detests all the clones of jazz. 


“Sometimes I think jazz was just an idea," Sco- 
field said “ *Wow! Lets improvise!’ That was really 
radical, to compose in public. To improvise as the 


center of the music. It made sense once but maybe 
now it’s going to slow down. Why should we expect a 
new movement every five years? There will continue 
to be guys who can play, but no movements. At least 
until something rise comes along and then maybe it 
won’t be called jazz.” 

Young Scofield listened to Ricky Nelson and the 
Kingston Trio. There were no teachers in Wilton, 
Connecticut, so he taught hims elf. He listened to the 
blues and to Charlie Christian. It was the early 
. 1960s, guitar playing was becoming a major macho 
pose, like slam-dunkmg. It vyas also more than pose, 
the guitar, overtook the saxophone as the voice of the 


not ww dint question and was not terribly 

happy when I repeated it But it!tu Occurred to me 
that one ieasonfar the sterility of the moment may 
be thede facto segregation of the scene. Years tiga, 
when racism was in yfitntinnalizfi d, thou was more 
integrated jamming and even peaf ortuing than to- 
day. When Idrovclrom Coral Gables into Miami's 
black ghe tto late at night to sit in with Blue MitdbeO 
playing with fiam Janes and His Harlem Square 
Syncopates and the police threw me out, a& of us, 
black and white, felt equally alienated. We were aD 
devout bebojppeis, members erf the same cult Racial 
mixture is always creatively positive m my opinion 
and it can be argued that Mues Davis’s originality 
began to taper on after he separated from his two 
white “hippie" guitar players, Mike Stem and Sco- 
field. 

*T hate to count black arid white,” Scofield said. 
“But 1 just played with Joe Henderson and Al 
Foster, 1 play with them a lot Color is not a factor in 
my life. It’s a factor when a blade man won’t hire a 
white musician because of peer pressure, or a white 

leader is scared of hiring a Mack side nian betame.he . 
feds personally uneasy with hurt 
“It’s a drag when a mtskian wonVplay OT writc 

what he really wants to hearbecansehethmkshehas . 

to identify himself as s omething or other for com- 
mercial reasons. Tve often asked myself, ’Am I 
‘ ing to {day black?’ No, l!m not Fm just trying to 
iy the music I love. Still, you think about that 
cause you see all these jerks .out there. . : . TEL 
Fm Ernie S chmidt from Wherever, Mississippi, Fm . 
a bluesman, I grew up with the blues, I live the blues* - 
I drink the mues. . . .* That’s really offenrive/^- 
I asked Scofield if yon could teU he wastrintejnst.;' 
by listening. 

“You might say this gay has a Kttie classical 
influence and a tittle ECM so Ws probably white 
But [tdack guitarist] Eric Gale heard me in a dub 


and came lip to me and said *1 always thought you 
t* Which was a corapHment But i.itate - 


were black. 

white players who sort of Unde Tom it up, Lhate 
black players Who dothat too. You can always tdl 
an mutation." " " 7 " "■'* r ‘ 




PEOPLE 


And Nm, the QJ.&ory 

SembyJoeMeGinnixs 


. Joe McGinniss’s agent says'' 
be has sold the. write’s nA 
boot— about tbfrOJi.Sfepsog 
case — jduslatM«^ 
hoc* to Crown Pubkshexyfor a 
seven-figure advance. But ft. 
wasn't easy. Morton Jaakfowis* 


pnhKsher for several weeks, ft 
was tricky becaw.ioCthe sofc 
jeet’s saturation in tite mafia 
and because of the ifisastrom 
1993 publication of MeGin- 

ator 

Grown said the bow hot csjy 
examines the Simpson -case. hm 
explores modern-day heroes 
ana the power of the media. 

• .... wv-^y 

. Rorord stores around the 
worid threw patties until the wee 
hours as Roffiag Stones foo 
gathered to buy the bad’s latest 
album, “Vooaod_ Lounge," the 
Stones’ fhrir studio aibt&r sm* 
1989’s “Steel Wbeels.” - 

A proud TeXss tefcafdier 
Michael Wkderhold, accepted 
congratulations when the' news 
came down that - he was. the 
jKOud gndsvtfc tif^^ fggtriHayt 

shuttle Columbiai.' ^ 

• ••:■•••• EK'-O. '. 

Thousands of fans padad 
Times Square as Stp*. 
sand’s final New Yqdc OTwben 
was simulcast on a grad .vK 
screen. “Nowhere . on; this Wur 
have I been so wannly wdcamed 
as in . the greatest city in jhe 
wodd, my hometown!” she said 
from ’the 1 stage at Madison 
Square; Garden. - 

- • v\- 


Glenn- Close, heading fot 
Broadway this fall to star is 
“Sunset Boulevard,” will firstj 
shoot a tciefihn based on thd 
story! {tf Maraarethe Caonuer - 1 
meyer, the u.S. Army nurse 
who was - discharged for being a 
lesbian after 30 yean of servacr 
Ca mm gmeyer was^ reinstate • 
after a two-year court bottle. . 


-.!>•. oassMed 

... Appeor* on Pages 3 A S 


urn 


WEATHER 


WEEKEND DESTINATIONS 


Europe 


Mgom 

Amaanton 

Alton 

Atm 

Baton 

isr 


Budifml 


Onto tM Sal 
0 O*> 
Edtowrgh 
Horenca 
FbdMuI 
Canaw 
Hatorii 
btortto 
la 




Pm»ia 

Hayiiitrih 

Rowe 

SI Potoretoag 

SHddwtoi 

5tastoHp 


V«TK4 

Vans 

Worm 

Ztoteh 


Tontajr 

Wgn Lam W 
OF OF 
3lffl0 ssm C 
zsm wai an 
asm 20*8 pa 
wh z am pc 
saw am » 
aim 15(59 pc 
sane 19 m pc 
29TO 17B2 1 
?am ig«wo pc 
saw law s 
smn 23/73 pc 

swv ism pc 
1IWB4 »3iS5 pc 
31/W 21/70 pc 
1»W lflJBG pc 

sene ia/gg pc 

25/77 10/61 * 
27/00 21/70 pc 
20/78 21/70 a 
to/io zsm c 
20/70 M/57 1 
asm tow > 
3i m zsm pc 

20/70 15«9 a 
ZKta 17/82 I 
2080 21/70 * 
sam iaw pc 
27/80 23/73 S 
28*2 17*52 pc 
27 m 18*64 Jtl 
MS7 11/52 Sh 
31/83 21/70 > 

saw lomi a 

20/82 17*10 S 
23/84 19/GO I 
20/70 IBI81 9 
28184 22/71 pc 
26/73 15/64 pc 
23*84 18*54 pc 
27/00 18*64 I 


Tomorrow 
High Lon W 
OF OF 
28/84 21/70 lt| 
23/73 17/82 I 
34/03 18/81 I 
37/80 22/71 a 
20/04 22/71 4 
28/84 19 *6 pc 
31*88 17/82 Hi 
20/79 10*1 I 

31/80 20/80 pc 

29/84 nml ah 
31/88 23/73 s 
21/70 12S3 pc 
18/84 12/53 sh 
asm 19*56 ■ 
JOHN 18*4 c 
28/82 16*1 * 
24/75 17*2 C 
30 m 19*0 ■ 
26/79 21/70 « 
2 B/H 2 20*6 sh 
24/79 15/60 pc 
36/97 22/71 * 
31.88 19*0 B 
27*0 16*1 : 

28/79 16*1 PC 
28/82 19*6 s 
29*2 18*1 Sh 
28.82 23/73 a 
27*0 17/82 1 
20*2 17/02 Sh 
1**7 11*2 pc 
33/31 19/66 S 
77AM 16*1 a 
26773 17*2 * 
29.84 17*2 I 
24/75 18*4 s 
30/88 21/70 « 
28*3 18*4 pc 
29<B4 19*4 t 

28*2 I6*i ah 


Forecast for Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Waalher. 


Asia 


Today 
Mgh Lon 
OF OF 



Tsmaimr 
W Mgb Law W 
OF OF 


I 32*9 25/77 I 
pc 31*8 23/73 pc 
Oh 31/88 28/70 pc 
tot Sim 3*/?S ah 
■h 33/01 28*2 I 

pc aina zam ah 
pc atm 20/70 pc 
pc 32/88 23/73 pc 
PC xun 24/75 pc 
pc 32*0 23/73 8 


SATURDAY 



SUNDAY 


ttibwaaoB oMdag pMM 
hyAco»Waa«bto.4noPJ9M 


Europe and MMdia But 
L o cat io n We a ther 


High Low 
Tamp. Tamp. 
OF OF 


T«np. 

OF 


Jotsl reoivi 


North America 

Very warm and humid 
weather w 8 l continue across 
the Southeast through Uiis 
nechand. Scattered ttWKter- 
storms will develop near 
Atlanta and Miami each day. 
An area of thunderstorms 
wil sweep across DetroS Fri- 
day and reach New Yo/fc this 
weekend. 


Europe 

Veiy warm weather will axv 
Unue across much of central 
and eastern Europe Into this 
weekend. There MB be a tow 
thunderstorms across Ger- 
many and Poland. London 
vnO enjoy plenty of Sunshine 
and neany seasonable tem- 
peratures. Madrid mil be tot 
Friday through Sunday. 


Asia 

Uncomfortably hoi and 
humid weather wHi continue 
inio this weekend trom 
Shanghai through North 
Korea. Thwe may be a tow 
thundetstturns near Shang- 
hai Saturday and Sunday. 
Localized heavy rains will 
pertost Friday and Saturday 
across the Phdppnes. 


opoTowi 



20*2 21/to • 29/84 22/71 pc 
18*1 7/44 » 17*2 7/44 pc 

20*2 20*8 e 2B/70 10*8 pc 
20*8 12/53 I 23/73 13*5 pc 
28*2 23/73 to» 29*4 24/75 pc 
20/Tl 10*0 PC 24/75 71*2 pc 
31*8 19*6 8 33*1 20*8 pc 


North America 


Cannes 

Dewnrife 

Rimini 

Malaga 

Cagforf 

Faro 

Piraeus 

Corfu 

Brigham 

Ostend 

Schevenoigon 

Sylt 
Izmir 
Tet Avtv 


sunny 

doudssndaim 

sunny 

douds and sun 
sunny 

douds and sun 
ctauds and Etm 
douds and sun 
ckuds and sun 
doudy 
doudy 
ah owe w 
thundoratonm 
sunny 


2004 
23 m 
2SVB4 
33/91 
30/86 
28/82 
28/82 
28/84 
24/75 
22/71 
22/71 
2V7U 
27/80 
30/88 


21/70 

16181 

22/71 

24/75 

23/73 

2068 

21/70 

21/70 

13/55 

15/58 

16*1 

ism 

20/68 

23/73 


26/79 

17/82 

28/78 

25/77 

25/77 

1 S /66 

26/77 

25/77 

16*1 

18*4 

18*4 

17*2 

23777 

28/78 


tom 
«afa M b 
(M dnw) 

0-1 

i-a 

0- 1 . 

CM 

CM 

1 - 2 
1-2 
1-2 
1-2 
1 -® 
t-a 

i-a • 
■n 
1-2 


Wad 

S tand 

(Mi) 

se 10-20 

WSW 15-30 
N 10-20 
SW 12-22 
N 10^0 
9ft. ■ 1222 
IWE 2040 
N 50-40 
WWW 20-36 
W 2040 
W 20*40 
W 2040 
NWS 15-30 
MW 2035 


Bxope and fliBcfdfo East 
Location 


Mob Low 
Toma. Tamp. 
OF OF 


Tanpk 

w 


Cannes - 

Deaavfte 

-FUmW 

Malaga 

OogSaii 

Ftod 

•asr « 

Brighton 

OstKMd 

SchoMoingan. 

sy«? -■ 

. Izmir 

TdAdw < 


, sunny 
party sunny 
sunny , 

- douds orid sun 

i««5/ ■ 
douda and sun 
douds and sun 

: sonrw 

.'.'•.*«Jow»an«fBun 

doudsandeun 

> doudy 

douds and aun 
oioudaondaui 


30*8 
24/75 
30*6. 
31/88 
3988 
2070 
29*4 : 
■28®?-.' 
27*0 
24/75 
23/73. 
23/73 
28*2 
28*2 


21/70 
17*2 
21/70 
23/73' 
23/73 
18*4 
22/71 - 
20/68 
15759 
10*1 
18*9 
15/59 
20*8 
23/73 


28/79 

18*1'. 

26/79 

34/75- 

25/77 

20*8 

25/77. 

26/77 

18*1 

17ZB2 

18*4 

17*2 

25/77 

28/77 


IMg/toi 

pilatrwa) 
0-1 
- 1-2 
0-1 

0- T-- 
0-1 

1 - 2 
1 - 2 - 
. 1-2 

. 0-1 
va 
1-2 
. 1-2 
• 1-2 
. 1 - 2 . 


Spaed 

SE -} 
wsw a 
NNW IMP 
sw . ■»« 
N 

sw ,itm 
NNE 2036 

K acaa 

WWW 1058 
WNW.ZB4 
WNW 2036 
WSW 
NE 153B 
NW 2046 


Sir 

cc> 

If J 8 1 


5" 


Middle East 


Latin America 


Chcogs 

Dnwor 

Otomk 

Honot/Cj 


Oceania 


Btoto 

CoM 

Damascus 

Jsnstown 

Llmr 

Riyac&r 


Today 
Wflh La* 

OF CiF 
30*6 22/71 
J3*l »8«4 
27IB3 15*9 
26/79 18B1 
38/100 17 
41/106 26179 


AockWnd 

Snowy 


14*7 

18A4 


8/46 

0/48 


14/57 

17/0 


3/48 Mi 
9/48 oc 


Today TMoanaw 

Woh Low W Mgh Low W 

OF OF OF OF 

15*9 7/44 a 19*4 11*9 pc 

29*4 tBW pc SPW 19*4 pe 

LOm 19AE8 1550 5 18«4 15*9 pc 

MatocoCOr 24175 12.63 toi 24.75 12JS3 I 

Radaionaro 23/73 17*2 pc B/73 178SJ pc 

S»top 21.73 7144 a 20*8 7/4* s 

logoncb s-juny. pc-nariV dnudy. c-OnuSy. SR- Jnjmi* htaoWmsms, warn, sl^noia EUntea. 
sn-snow. Hc». W-WoaBwi. All nueis, to/eonto and data prowfdad by Accu-Wouher, lno. a 1W4 


toon Low w 
OF OF 
3l*S 23.73 a 
Otm 21/70 a 
29*4 17 *2 • 
27188 18*4 s 
38/10021/70 1 
43/109 20/79 J 


UttA i mtocc 


Mow York 
nmnh 
San Fan 
SatoBo 
Tarnwo 


18*4 rose 
30*8 22/71 
27*0 17*2 
2B*2 18*4 
2BAB 14/57 
27*0 18*4 
29*4 23/73 
33*1 24/75 
29*4 18*4 
32*0 25/77 
27*0 17*2 
26/79 13SS 
32*9 2S/77 
30*8 21/70 
43/10028*2 
21/70 1102 
28/78 13*5 
28*2 1407 
32*0 22/71 


pc 18*4 11*2 pc 
I 32*0 22«71 pc 
PC 28/70 18*4 C 
t 20*4 17*2 pc 
t 28*2 14*7 pc 
C 29*4 17*2 I 
tot 30*8 ?*/75 pc 
pc 36/97 24/75 pc 
pc 30*8 18*4 a 
PC 32*9 25/77 pc 
* 24/75 15*0 I 
pc 24/75 13155 pc 
PC 3ZIW 24.75 pc 
1 31/88 22/71 pc 
i 43/109 30*8 3 
a 22/71 13*5 pc 
9 27/80 14*7 pc 
PC 23/73 I 

I 34*3 23 m I 


Carib b ean and West Atlantic 


1 West Atlantic 


Ba/bedos 
Kingston 
St. Thomas 


sunny 


Sumy 



32*9 

26 m 

27/80 

1-2 

ESE. 

20-35 

Baibwdoa l 

■uniw 

31/68 26/78 

2700 

. 1-2 . 

. ENt .20-35 

sunny 

32/89 

23/73 

2982 

1-2 

E 

25-60 

Kfctgaton 'J 

Wndantanns 

32/88 24/75 

26/82 

1-2 

E 25-SD 


33/81 

34/75 

28/82 

1-2 

E 

25-35 

SfnwnjasS - 

nnoy 

32/89 26/78 

28/82 

1-2 

£ 25-36 

and sw 

3088 

2079 

27/80 

1-2 

NE 

IB-30 

Hamlton jj 

•my 

3088 28/78.- 

-27/80 - 

1-2 

• DE/'M 


Aola/PactBc 


Parana 

Phuket 

BoB 

Cebu 

Patro Beach. Aus 
Boy d Hands. NZ 

Stand Mina 
Honolulu 


douds and sun 

33/81 

25177 

3008 

1 

SW 

10 -BQ. 

Psnang 

dowtsandn* 

37/B8 

28/79 

280* 

1 

SW 

1525 

Phdcar 

tnundsutoirn* 

32/09 

25/77 

28/82 

1 

sw 

12-25 

Baf 

SlKMWB 

31/88 

24/75 

3088 


s 

1500 

Csbu 

douds and sun 

18*4 

1050 

18/84 

1-2 

sw 

1885 

. Palm Bob 

partly suvty 

22/71 

14/57 

17/82 

1-2 

NW 

15-30 

Bay of lot 

daub and sun 

32/89 

asm 

24/75 

1 

SE 

15-30 

-y .. I.. 

armmuni 

partly sunny 

2918* 

23/73 

28/78 

1-3 

E 

20-35 

HanahAu 


douds and sun 33/9 1 . 2077 3000 

tfumdentorms 32/38 25/77 gso 4 

partly aunny 32/88. 24/75 27/80 

- thuKtaretonns 32/89 Z4/75 ' 30/88 

douds and a* 1 702 . 10/50 18/64 

diowera 19/66 • 12/53 17/82 

dowdoandaun 32/38 25/77 25/77 

douds and aun 30/88 24/76 26/78 


1 

1-2 

2-3 

1 

1-8 


■sw:«wo 

SW IS2S 
SW.‘. 12-25 
.S . UH52 
WSW 25^0 
NW 3W6 
SE ■■ 

t. . aws 


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COUNERY 

access NtnsneR 

COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 


ASIA 

Italy" 

• . 172-1011 

Australia 

1-SOOR81-OX1 

IVriiiFiiMitoii* 

155-00-11 

China, PRO** 

108X1 

yithmiHflht 

8*196 

Guam 

018-S72 

Luxembourg; 

ooownu 

Hong Kong 

800-1111 

Macedonia, F.YJL of 990004288 

India* 

000-117 

Maha." . ... 

. 0800-890-110 

lodaxKSia* 

001-801-10 

Mooaca 1 

19*-00ll 

Japan* 

0039-111 

Netfaerimda* 

06-022-9111 

Son* 

. 009-11 

Norwaiy 

• 800-190-11 

Kotcau 

11“ 

Pofand**” 

0aj010480-01U 

Malzy^aC 

800-0013 

Portugal*. • 

05017-1-288 

New Zealand 

0009U 

VniMiiIi 

01-8004288 

Philippine*" 

105-11 

Itosab^TMoscotr) 

155-5042 

Saipan* 

255- 2872 

Slovakia 

004204)0101 

Singapore 

8000 H 1-111 

Spain* 

90M94XMI 

Sri Lanka 

430-430 

Siwjm* 

020-795-621 

Taiwan’ 

0080-1028841 

Saritzeriand' . 

- 155-00-11 

Thailand* 

0019991-1111 

ILK. 

0500-89-0011 

EUROPE 

Ukraine" 

8*100-12 

Annetdar 

8*14111 

MIDDLE EAST 

Ausirhr** 

022-90M11 

Bahrain 

- .. 800-001 

ftrfatanr* 

0800-100-10 

Cpprwf 

oeo-90oio 

Bulgaria 

00-1900-0011 

Israel 

177-100-2727. 

Croatia** 

99-38-0011 

Kuwait 

800-288 

Czech Rep 

00-4204)0303 

TaAanoa (Being) 

426401 

Denmark" 

80014)010. 

Qaor 

0800-011-77 

Hnfamrf* 

9800-100-10 

SautS Arabia 

i*aoOijo 

JRnmce 

19a-00U 

Toriafy* 

00900-12277 

Germany 

01304)010 

UAL* 

800-121 

Greece" 

OOROO-1311 

AMERICAS 

Hwagary* 

OOa-AOO-OllU 

AqjBOdaaa 

001-SB.200-UH 

Iccianchs 

999001- 

Befize* 

555 


a 


ooo-ama 


00a-0312 


980-11-0010 


If!'"- 


119:' 




190 ; 

TSF- 


125: 




Pi 


0 


95-800-462-4240 


174 . 

m 


19J 


«6 


QChOflfl. 


eo4m-iai 


CARIBBEAN 


1-800^72-2881 


l-SOO-872-2881' : 


s 


% 


British VI 


1-80W7M8B1-. 


I -800-872-2881: - 


1-800873^881 


OOi^OO?72-28K: 








% 


wxymjm 


001-800B72-a8St . - 


L'JHu 


1-800872-3881 


AFRICA 


5 WHBW: 


00*^1 


Gnnblar 


00117 

' 08 ob-io* 


0-800-1 in South Africa 


■797:797.1. 1 



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