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Paris, Friday; July 15, 3994 

'iySo. 34.MI 



EU’ s Bureaucrats Brace 
For the Post-; 

Choice of Santer of Luxembourg Raises 
Some Eyebrows at Brussels (Commission 

By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — - European Commission 
officials say they are downcast as they 
-brace for the transition from Jacques De- 
lors as commission president to Jacques 
Santer, whose appointment European 

Mr. Santer is well-placed to bridge the 
jap between advocates of deeper Europe- 
an integration and skeptics in Britain and 
elsewhere. As the European Union's small- 
est country, Luxembourg’s fate is depen- 
dent bn J3J integration, but many of its 
citizens fear being swallowed up in an EU 


leaders are expected to. ratify here Friday, superstate 

A quick contrast of their achievements “To help along the process of European 
hops explain why. ‘ 

' Yon years ago, Mr. Delora was plucked 
from relative obscurity as France’s fiwmng 
minister to become president of the com- 
mission, the European Union’s executive 
agency. He went on to transform the 
Union through toe singte-maricet prog ram 
and the Maastricht plan for economic and 
wliiica] union, and made himself one of 
i furope’s most visible leaders. 

.Mr> t Santo- rose from being Luxem- 
bourg' s finance minister to prime minister 
10 years ago, but he has never risen above 

.. Other than defending Luxembourg’s 
role as a capital haven by persistently 
blocking an EU-wide tax on savings, Euro- 
pean officials who know the 57-year-old 
centrist say the most remarkable thing 
about him is his lack of a strong legacy 
from such a long hold on power. 

“He's led his country* O JC,” said a 
former longtime EU insider who has 
worked frequently with Mr. Santer. “But it 
is dear that one cannot say that he played 
any specific role in the European Council 
10 years," he added, referring to 


the meetings of EU heads of government 

That EU leaders are tur ning to Mr. 
Santer to fill what all claim j$ Europe’s 
most important post speaks volumes about 
their own fla gging enthusiasm for Europe- 
an integration. 

Still reeling from the public backlash 
over the Treaty on European Union, lead- 
ers want a manager heading the Brussels 
bureaucracy, not a visionary looking to 
intrude on the turf of national govern-, 

“Can we always oope with a leader like 
Jacques Delors?” a German official said. 
“Do we not also need from time to time a 
period of consolidation?” 

integration does not mean to usher in a 
Napoleonic Europe," Mr. Santer said in an 
interview Thursday in the newspaper Lux- 
emburger Wort. “The more Europe is de- 
centralized, the stronger it is.” 

Meanwhile, Chancdlor Helmut Kohl of 
Germany is anxious to settle the presiden- 
cy, after being humfliaied at a summit 
meeting in Corfu. Greece, three weeks ago. 

Then, Prime Minister John Major of 
Britain vetoed Mr. KohFs first choice, 
Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene of Bel- 
gium. Having previously snubbed the 
Dutch candidate, Prime Minister Ruud 
Lubbers,, and with Prime Minister Felipe 
Gonzfilez of Spain out of contention, Mr. 
Kohl found himself without any heavy- 
weights bn whom all 12 EU leaders could 

And so, German sources expressed relief 
-following final consultations on Thursday 
that Mr. Santer’s selection seemed all but 
assured when the leaders gather here Fri- 
day.* . 

Sounding a positive note, they stressed 
his management of Luxembourg, which is 
the only EU country that meets the Maas- 
tricht criteria of low government deficits 
and inflation for joining a single European 
currency system. 

They also expressed hope that with little 
power base of Ins own, he would restore 
order and morale to the bureaucracy by 
relying on toe-commission’s hierarchy in- 
stead of perpetuating Mr. Ddors’s person- 
al network of hand-picked appointees. 

British sources said Mr. Major saw a 
soulmate in Mr. Santer. They lauded lids 
preparation of the Maastricht . Treaty when 
Luxembourg held the EU presidency in 
the fust' half of 1991, saying Mr. Santer 

See EUROPE; Page 8 


r>.: : 

Mai LaogMta/ Renter*. 

To Fanfare and Dissent, Germans Parade on the Champs Elysees 

The first German troops to parade in Paris since World War U moving down the Champs Elysees during the annual July 14 
rmHtary parade. Thor inclusion stirred strong emotions for some who had lived through the German occupation. Page 8. 

Bundesbank Chief Ponders Dollar’s Ills 

By Alan Friedman 

ltoanatkmal Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Hans Tietmeyer, president of 1 
the Bundesbank, added his influential 
voice Thursday to a chorus of Western 
financial leaders who have voiced distress 
over the recent slump in the U.S. dollar. 

But Mr. Tietmeyer — in his first public 
remarks since toe Group of Seven summit 
meeting last weekend in Naples — also 
appeared to underscore toe German cen- 
tral bank's reluctance to get involved in a 
coordinated central bank intervention in 
foreign exchange markets to shore up the 
dollar. . 

“The primary ^responsibility for the 
strength of toe dollar ties, of course; in toe 

U.S. itself,” he said during a speech in 

On Thursday in New York, toe dollar 
dosed at 1.S552 Deutsche marks, up from 
1.5413 DM on Wednesday. Against toe 
Japanese yen, toe U.S. currency finished at 
98.595, up from 98.230. (Page 10) 

At Naples, finance ministers emerged 
from their meetings determined to try to 
talk up the dollar collectively by noting 
that economic fundamentals were sound 
and that the dollar would eventually re- 
flect this by gaining strength. 

Even before toe Naples summit. Presi- 
dent Bill CHnton in effect ruled out any 
immediate and concerted action to prop 
up toe dollar, although Treasury Secretary 
Lloyd Bentsen was later careful to try to 

— . «. •: s 


Brazil t , Sweden O 

Though it monopolized play from toe 
start, overwhelmed a fatigued Swedish- 
team by 26 shots to 3 and played with a 
man advantage for toe final 27 minutes, 
Brazil could not produce a goal until 
Romirio headed the ball into the net on a 
cross from Jorgtnho nearly 10 minutes 
from toe conclusion. That toot, however, 
put Brazil in the final for- the first time 
since 1970 and set up a much-antiapated 
match Sunday in winch toe winner will 
become the fast country : to win toe 
World Cup four times; 

Italy 2* Bulgaria 1 
In toe final transformation of a genius 
giving himself up to the spotlight. Ro- 
berto Baggio scored both Italian goals 
before he limped off with a pulled leg 
muscle that will wony the other three- 
time champion. 

If No MMracto, Malic*? 

When the referee made “toe wrong call” 
toat sent Jonas Thorn off and left Sweden 
with 10 players, “We knew it would take 
a miracle for us to win,” said defender 
Pa Irik Andersson. Striker Hrislo Stoitcb- 
kov found baser causes for Bulgaria's 
loss. God, he said, was still a . Bulgarian, 
$“but toe referee was French.” 

Saturday’s ttiM-ptoce match: Bulgaria vs. Swe- 
den. In Pasadena, Cattfomia. 1936 GMT- 
Sunday’s championship msteh; Italy vs. Brazil, 
in Pasadena, 1835 GMT. 

Work! Cup report Pages 18 and 19 

Mic NetvM/Agencc FnKt-Prcac 

Brazil’s Rom&rio, third from left, heading the ball for toe winning goal and toe right to meet Italy in the Cop final 

For South Koreans, Opportunity Knocks in the North 

By Steven Bmli 

International Herald Tribune 

SEOUL — People go hungry, electricity 
is in short supply, factories rust. The gov- 
ernment, led by a little-known and perhaps 
bizarre personality, may topple m a coup. 

North Korea hardly seems toe investor's 

Yet for South Korean businessmen, 
swayed as much by emotion as economics, 
their neighbor calls with opportunity even 
more compelling to an China or Vjetnam. 

Wito Kim Jong H installed and appar- 
ently on toe way to consolidating hispow- 
er in Pyongyang, businessmen m toe South 
are hopeful dial North Korea will open toe 
door wider to foreign investment ^ _ 

And fearing that others may rush in 
first they are stepping up pressure on 
Seoul to relax restrictions that.nave inmted 
the two nations to indirect trade, prevent- 


ed direct communication and kept aggres- 
sive investment plans on bold. 

“More and more people are beginning 
to realize that economic matters are more 
important than politics, including the nu- 
clear issue,” said Y oo Jae Hyen, director of 
business development for Kofon Interna- 
tional Corp. “We’re not only looking at 
business factors,” he added. “Lcmg-tenn, 

we’re investing locally, not in a foreign 

With competitiveness eroding in labor- 
in tensive industries such as textiles and 
shoes, South Korean companies see imme- 
diate benefits in exploiting a cheap labor 
force. Conditioned by a totalitarian sys- 
tem, North Korean workers are also less 

demanding than those in Smith Korea, 
who for years have extracted annual dou- 
ble-digit wage increases. 

More important in toe medium-term, 
deeper economic integration is seen as a 
key to opening up Pyongyang's political 
. Thatix 


, in turn, will advance the day 
See KOREA, Page 8 

Fill Your Own Tank? No Rush in Japan 

Newsstand Prices 

Andorra 9-OflFF Luxsmboi/rs ML. Fr 

Antilles 11.20 FF Morocco.....».12Dh 

gSShU-4» cfa 

Egypt E.P.5000 Reui^.-.UJQFF 

France 9.00 FF Saudi AroWc^.MR 

Gabon PfiOCFA Senegal A 

Greece -300 Dr. Spain -200PTAS 

Italy „J 2,600 lire Tunisia —.1.000 Din 

lwrvCo®i .1.120 CFA Tur*W 

Jordan.... 1 JD UAE. —8*50 Dirtj . 

Lebanon ...USS 1 JO UJL Mil. (Eur.)Sl.lO 

By Andrew Pollack 

New York Times Senux 

TOKYO — A motorist arriving at a 
service station here is usually greeted ty a 
phalanx of uniformed attendants shouting 
welcomes. They guide toe car into posi- 
tion, wipe tl» windows, empty toe ashtray, 
and check the tire pressure. If necessary, 
they halt traffic to usher toe car back onto 
the road. 

This kin d of pampering comes at a price. 
It helps push gasoline costs to nearly $4 JO 
a four times as much as in the 
United. States. . . 

But now, a radical notion is creeping 
into Japan. Why not let consumers pump 
their own gasoline? 

Self-service stations are prohibited on 
the grounds that the^are a fire hazard. But 

with toe government vowing to deregulate 
the economy drastically, the prohibition 
on drivers pumping their own gas has 
become a symbol of what critics say are 
thousands of needless restrictions that 
raise costs. 

“It’s just a very typical example — 
America and many other countries can 
and Japan cannot,*’ said Mitsuru Shino- 


bdic of how difficult it will be to achieve 
deregulation against the fierce resistance 
of vested interests. A package of 279 dere- 
gulatory steps recently announced by the 
government recommended only that self- 
service be studied. 

The step is often portrayed as in toe 


interest of consumers, who would see low- 
er prices, and of U.S.' companies, which 
would find it easier to penetrate toe Japa- 
nese market. 

But Japanese drivers have not been 
clamoring for the opportunity to fill their 
own tanks. Sugao Morioka, a spokesman 
for toe Japan Automobile Federation, said 
that many of toe organization's 10.4 mil- 
lion members, 16 percent of licensed driv- 
ers in Japan, had not been calling for self- 
service and that many would find self- 
service too difficult. 

“To introduce toe self-service system, 
we need to train the users, probably in 
drivers’ schools ” he said. 

Nor will American companies neoessar- 

See PUMP, Page 15 

keep markets guessing by insisting that he 
did not “telegraph” potential intervention. 

Analysts said that foreign exchange 
traders were heartened Thursday by Mr. 
Tietmeyer’s remark that a precipitous de- 
cline of the dollar would be “ultimately 
harmful toalL” 

Mr. Tietmeyer. in sticking to toe script 
agreed upon by Group of Seven monetary 
authorities at Naples, said that a strong 
and stable dollar “must be in toe interests 
of toe global economy.” 

“This is also toe case for Germany,” be 

He reminded his audience that G-7 min- 
isters had agreed that a further weakening 

See DOLLAR, Page 15 

Gan Rivalries 
Threaten Africa 
With Upheaval 

By Jennifer Parmelee 

Washington Post Senice 

ADDIS ABABA Ethiopia — Africa is 
living in a season of extremes. Two tem- 
blors have shaken the continent: one. 
South Africa, a triumph of toe politics of 
reconciliation; toe other, Rwanda, a war 
sparked by the tribal passions that are 
Africa's worn political enemy. 

In South Africa, toe government led by 
Nelson Mandela of toe African National 
Congress is for the most part cooperating 
both with the white-led, formerly ruling 
National Party and toe Zulu-dominated 
Inkatha Freedom Party two months after 
toe country’s historic multiracial elections. 

Rwanda, a tiny and densely populated 
central African republic wounded by re- 
current tribal pogroms, is still wracked by 
violence three months after toe alleged 
assassination of its president triggered eth- 
nic carnage on a scale virtually unknown in 
Africa. An estimated half-million Rwan- 
dans, mostly members of toe minority 
Tutsi tribe, have been slaughtered by mlb- 
tias of toe majority Hutu. 

Between toe polar extremes of South 
Africa and Rwanda lies a multitude of 
African coon tries wrestling with multieth- 
nic and multireligious heritages, perhaps 
the greatest threat to their stability today. 

Sub-Saharan Africa, divided into 45 
states, is toe most balkanized land mass 
anywhere. Yet those divisions pale next to 
toe hundreds of unofficial boundaries 
among tribes and clans, religions and lan- 
guages. About 50 major l a n g u ages are spo- 
ken in Africa, and as many as 2,000 lan- 
guages are less widely spoken. 

Clan politics are hardly unique to Africa 
in todays fractious world. In some ways, 
according to Ali Mazrui, a professor of 
African studies at Cornell University in 
Ithaca, New York. African tribes have pro- 

See AFRICA, Page 8 

French Plead 
With UN for 
Rwanda Aid 

Paris Seeks Emergency 
Security Council Session 
To Deal With \ Disaster 9 

Compiled In’ Our Staff From Dapatcha 

GOMA, Zaire — With only a small 
number of soldiers and relief workers fac- 
ing a torrent of hundreds of thousands of 
Rwandan refugees crossing toe border 
here, toe French government called Thurs- 
day for an emergency United Nations Se- 
curity Council meeting to deal with what it 
called a seriously deteriorating situation. 

The refugees, driving cattle and goats 
and carrying a few meager possessions, 
were streaming across toe border as toe 
Hutu government forces retreated before a 
rebel offensive. 

In Paris, toe Foreign Ministry said in a 
statement: “On top of a disastrous hu- 
manitarian situation with several million 
displaced people, there is now a massive 
influx of refugees at toe Zairian border 
because of continued fighting.” 

The refugees struggled across toe border 
into toe town of Coma, some collapsing 
exhausted as soon as they reached Zaire, 
others plodding on to UN refugee camps. 

Sergio Pi 3230, head of the UN Rwanda 
Emergency Office, said he expected 
800,000 people to cross by Friday or Satur- 

In Geneva, toe UN High Commissioner 
for Refugees, Sadako Ogata, said that her 
agency could not cope with toe exodus. 

“We are working round the clock to help 
these people but we do not have sufficient 
resources to do toe kind of job toe world 
expects from a humanitarian agency,” she 
said. “We must be allowed to help these 
terrified, traumatized and hungry people 
in their own country, otherwise their suf- 
fering mil be compounded.” 

France said that the fleeing Rwandan 
government and its remaining troops 
would not be welcome in toe safe zone it 
had set up to protect civilians in southwest 
Rwanda. Government officials reportedly 
were fleeing Thursday from Gisenyi in the 
northwest to Cyangugu, toe town where 
the French intervention force is based. 

“France’s mission is to assure toe pro- 
tection of civilians in toe humanitarian 
zone,” a French spokeswoman said. “In 
this context, it is not desirable that mem- 
bers of toe Rwandan government enter toe 

However, she said French troops pro- 
tecting toe zone did not have toe means to 
police its borders and could not prevent 
toe fleeing government officials from en- 
tering toe area. 

Faustin Twagiramungu, designated by 
toe rebels to be a new government’s prime 
minister, returned from exile Thursday, 
saying his first priority was to reassure 
Rwandans fleeing the rebel advance. 

A UN special representative, Sbahryar 
Khan, said after a meeting with Mr. Twa- 
giramungu that a cease-fire was urgently 
needed to end the humanitarian tragedy in 
Rwanda. He appealed for aid agencies to 
move faster to help the refugees streaming 
into Zaire. 

Mr. Twagiramungu, a Hutu moderate 
named by toe Tutsi-dominated Rwanda 
Patriotic From to head a national unity 
government, arrived in Kigali from Ugan- 

There were no accurate figures on bow 
many refugees were passing through dif- 
ferent checkpoints or trekking across toe 
unp a trolled hills to toe north of Goma. As 
evening fell, it was estimated that several 
hundred thousand people had moved into 
Goma and toe How was continuing un- 

The Rwanda Patriotic Front now con- 
trols most of toe country after taking toe 
capital, Kigali, toe biggest prize in a civil 
war that erupted again in April. 

The Hutu army and government, 
blamed for the mass murders of Tutsi, has 
been on toe run since fighting erupted after 
the president. Major General Juvenal Ha- 
byarunana, a Hutu, was killed on April 6. 

Rwandan soldiers said toe Rwanda Pa- 
triotic Front had taken toe garrison town 
of Ruhengeri in northwest Rwanda and 
cut toe main road to toe border town of 
Gisenyi, where toe government was based 
before it fled on Thursday. 

Witnesses at toe border saw Rwandan 
government soldiers in trucks and cars 
fleeing into Zaire at the Birere crossing, 
three kilometers (two miles) from Gisenyi. 

(Reuters, AP, AFP) 


Milan Magistrates Protest Measure 

Leading members of the pool of 
Milan magistrates heading investiga- 
tions into Italy’s corruption scandals 
asked Thursday to be moved to other 
cases in protest over a new decree 
limiting their powers to order arrests. 

The decree, approved by the cabinet 
of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, 
would prevent magistrates bolding cor- 
ruption suspects in preventive custody 
while investigations continued. The 
measure must be ratified by Parliament 
within two months. (Page 8) 


Some myths about Siberia are biting the 
dost as more Western travelers get a 
look at Russia’s “Wild EasL" Page 6.. 

• Up ' 

fc 34.97 

3 373925 


& P 

Up ^ 
0 .66% 1 

113.71 ^ 

The Dollar 


Thun, don 

previous doss 













Book Review 

Page 5. 
Page 5. 
Page 20. 



nu^rtiM raro *in-rrDmTira TmiotniY. IlILi r -Jl_1994-., 


Page 2 


Working Wonders on Russia’s Lady (It Worked for Lenin) world briefs 

By Alessandro Stanley 

Sew York Times Service 

MOSCOW — A 2,000- year- 
old body of a woman discov- 
ered in the Siberian permafrost 
by Russian archaeologists is un- 
dergoing a rejuvenating ma- 
keover by the same scientists 
who preserved Lenin’s body. 

Lying rather daintily on her 
side in a glass tank filled with 
bright green alcohol solution, 
the Russian mummy ■ — named 
Lady by the archaeologists be- 
cause of her regal bearing and 
rich burial trove — is painstak- 
ingly bring brought back to the 
surprisingly good shape in. 
which she was found Iasi July. 

“Our main task is to keep her 
remaining flesh preserved for 
all time,” said Sergei S. Debov. 
75, the biochemist who did the 
same for Lenin, Ho Chi Mmh 
of Vietnam and dozens of other 
Communist leaders. 

Lady lies in the scientists 1 
Moscow laboratory wrapped 
only in a white sheet. But wr ~ 

. -. 
v* \.. 

RUSSIA 01 ^ 
li • SIBERIA r .. 



unearthed, she was elegantly 
silk blouse. 

laid out in a white silk blouse, 
red skirt and white stockings. 

She had been buried in a hol- 
lowed tree trunk alongside 
horse harnesses, a mirror, dish- 
es and a small container of can- 
nabis, which archaeologists be- 
lieve was smoked for pleasure 
and used in pagan rituals. 

That, and the intricate tat- 
toos on her left arm, led the 
archaeologists to conclude that 
she was both a Scythian prin- 
cess and a priestess. To preserve 
her as a mummy, her vital or- 
gans had been removed and re- 
placed with moss and peal. 

“She is our first tattooed 
lady,” said Anatoli P. Dere- 
vyanko, director of the Institute 
of Archaeology and Ethnogra- 
phy in Akademgorodok, the ac- 
ademic town that is the site of 
the Siberian branch of the Rus- 
sian Academy of Sciences. 

In 1991, the institute began 
excavations at Ukok, an area in 
the Altay mountain region in 
southern Siberia, southeast erf 
Pasyryk. where a Scythian buri- 
al ground was discovered in the 
late 1920s. 

Scythian nomads, based in 
the steppes north of the Black 
Sea, were ancient warriors who 
at one time occupied much of 
Eastern Europe and Russia. 
They were mentioned by the 
Greek historian Herodotus. 

In 1991, the Russian team of 
archaeologists found a husband 
and wife buried together at 
Ukok, both wearing armor. AO 
that was left of them, however, 
was their skeletons. 

the m ummie s was as well pre- 

“In terms of the preservation, 
of flesh,” he said, “this is a 
unique discovery.” 

The Scythian Lady has not 
received ihe kin 

kind of attention 
accorded the 4,009-year-old 
herdsman, nicknamed the Ice- 
man, who was found frozen in a 
glacier in the Tyrolean Alps two 
years ago, or even Dima, the 
12,000-year-old frozen baby 
woolly mammoth found by 
fishermen in Siberia in 1977. 

Other Scythian graves have 
been found in the area, but Mr. 
Derevyanko said that none of 

Russian archaeologists, how- 
ever, say Lady is the most im- 
portant Scythian discovery 
since Pasyryk. 

“The Iceman died accidental- 
ly," Mr. Derevyanko said. “He 
was not buried with an inven- 
tory of possessions around 

Mr. Debov said he was using 
a slightly different method to 
preserve Lady than was used on 
Lenin, who still lies in state in 
Red Square, though without his 
honor guard. The scientist 

would not divulge either tech- 

The effort to restore the Rus- 
sian mummy unites two odd 
sidrimes of Russian science, 
Mr. Debov’s secret embalming 
method and the theories of the 
late Mikhail M. Gctarinoov. He 
was an anthropologist and 
sculptor who developed a meth- 
od for approximating the faces 
of figures like Ivan the Terrible 
and the poet Schiller by analyz- 
ing their skulls. 

The laboratory founded by 
Mr. Gerasimov has agreed to 

But her appearance was not 
helped by exposure to the ele- 
ments and some transportation 

Her skull had separated from 
her body before it was discov- 
ered, but what was left of her 
flesh was still firm and fresh 
when her body was dug up. It 
quickly shriveled and darkened, 
and the archaeologists decided, 
to scad the mummy to Mr. De- 
bov to repair the da m a ge and 
prevent further deterioration. 

Prime Minister of Latvia Resigns 

RIGA, Latvia (Reuters) — Prime Minister Yaldis Birkavs^ 
announced his resignation Thursday after his year-old coalmoty. 

government fdl apart. - , . _ 

Mr Biikavs said that the withdrawal of the conservative Fann- 
ers Union faction had made it impossible for the coalition to 
continue. The. defection left tire free-market orientated Latvian 
Way with just 34 seats oat of 94. 

“The government cannot now fulfill its role and therefore 1 
■ announce my resignation and that of my cabinet," he said. The 
Fanners Union left the affiance Tuesday after protracted disputes 
over economic policy. 

try to reconstruct what Lady 

may once have looked hke. At : 
foot 4 inches (1.62 meters), she 
was tall for her time, and had 
long legs. 

“Sbe was young, 18 or 20, 

and had European 
said Tatiana S. Baluyeva, the 

senior researcher at the labora- 
tory for anthropological recon- 
struction at the Institute of Eth- 
nology and Anthropology, who 

a preliminary study 
it is aU 

Still frozen, the mummy was 
flown -to Novosibirsk and sur- 
vived a heSoopter crash landing 
caused by engine failure. At the 
institute, she was kept in a re- 
frigerator for several months. 

Already, Mr. Debov and his 
team have lightened her skin, 
malting viable again the curHng 
blue tattoos up and down her 
left atm. When they have com- 
pleted their work, she win be 
flown bade to Novosibirsk and 
eventually put chi display. 

Kuchma Vows New Ukraine Charter 

Of the sVnU- “I thinlt 
right to say she was pretty. 1 

They were unable to deter- 

mine the cause of her death. 

Ham &<6 hjct; The Anocmed Pm 

PLOWSHARES ANYONE? — A worker using a torch to cut up an East German tank m a Chariottenbof 
junkyard. Under treaty terms, Germany has been destroying hundreds of the Warsaw Pact tanks it inherited. 

UN Unit in Baghdad 
Gtes Major Stride 

Monitoring System Nearly in PUwe 

KIEV (Reninre) —President-elect Leonid S. Kuchina r 
Thursday to move toward a new constitution for Ukraine, andhe 
will be consulting with top political figures on the future of the 
economically and poetically troubled former Soviet republic. . 

T am sure that 1 win fulfill everything that is in the current 
constitution,” Mr. Kncfama said during a ceremony to present 
dpruTTwnts certifying Iris election victory last weekend over Leo- 
nid M. Kravchuk, Ukraine’s first port-Soviet president 

The former Soviet republic's constitution dates from the 1970s 
frpt he™ amended hundreds of times. Discussi on s on approv- 
ing a ffhartf-r have been going no since independence in 1991. 
but no consensus has emerged on a balance of powers between the 
president. Parliament 'and government ministers. 

Major and Reynolds to Meet on Ulster 

LONDON (Retnexs) — - Prime Ministers John Major of Britain 
and Albert Reynolds of Ireland will meet in Brussels on Friday to 
review their Northern Ireland peace initiative, officials said. 

“It wiH be a substantial stock-taking exercise;” a senior British 
nffidal said Thursday. “It is not a matter of hitting brick walls or 

The two leaders agreed on a joint peace declaration in Deccan- 




bar that sought to allay the fears of both Northem_Irdand's 

~ " ann 

offered Irish 
ing table within 

Roman Catholic minority. They also 
Army guerrillas a place at the negotiat- 
months if they ended 

leir campaign to < 

By Caxyle Murphy 

tyashttigton Past Service 
BAGHDAD — The sophisti- 
cated communications gear that 
long filled a 17th-floorroom at 
the Sheraton Ishtar Hotel in 

a new stage of work for 
United Nations weapons in- 
spectors who first came to Iraq 
three years ago. 

The transfer of this equip- 
ment onl of the inspectors' 
makeshift operations room at 
the hold into a new “moaritor- 

Although Mr. Ekeus has rec- 
ommended a probationary peri- 
od to test Iraqi cooperation 
with the monitoang system be- 
fore the oQ embargo is lifted, 
the Security Council must de- 
cide if this is necessary and bow 
long the period should last, he 

27 Die Near Milan When Roof Falls 

MILAN (AP) —The roof of a home for. the elderly in nearby 
Motia Visconti collapsed Thursday on a crowded dining room 
(hiring breakfast, kiIlmgatleast27pcopkandiiguring7, officials 

ing and verification” facility 

The other reqmrement that 
most countries say Iraq must 
fulfill before the ban (meal sales 
is removed is an unambiguous, 
highly public repudiation by 
Baghdad of its aaim to Kn- 

bdirve that leaking gas exploded and rocked the 
nine-year-old h mldttig iThfl last body prilled outofthe rubble was 
that of the home’s cook, the items agency ANSA’reported, adding 
that all others had been accounted far. .. . 

Navy Upholds Gay Man’s Dismissal 

Bosnia Debates Draft- Dodger Amnesty 

By Chuck Sudetic 

New York Timet Savior 

SARAJEVO, Bosoia-Herze- 
govina — In two years of rivfl 
war, more than a million Bosni- 
ans have fled the country, many 
of them inmates released from 
Serbian concentration camps or 
escaping threats to their lives. 
But some have been young men 
who have fled to avoid being 
drafted into the Bosnian Army. 

Now the new Muslim-Croat 
coalition that dominates Bos- 
nia's government is preparing a 
law that would, despite the 

grumbling of its military, par- 
in effort to 

dan draft evaders in an i 
lure borne thousands of skilled 
refugees to rebuild the country. 

“We face a dilemma,” said 
Sead Hodric, secretary to the 
Justice Ministry- “These people 
shirked their patriotic duty to 
defend Bosnia and Herzegovina 
when the Serbs launched their 

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war of aggression. But many 
draft dodgers now have refugee 
status abroad, and the govern- 
ment’s goal is to bring bade the 
refugees and incorporate them 
into normal fife as soon as pos- 

Officials said they could not 
estimate the number of able- 
bodied men who had fled to 
avoid mobilization. Some draft- 
age men, like inma tes released 
from Serbian concentration 
camps, left the country in Ufe- 
or-death situations ana cannot 
be considered draft dodgers. 
Others fled before the Bosnian 
government ordered mandatory 

“The return of skilled work- 
ers and specialists will help cre- 
ate the conditions for a massive 
return of refugees," said the 
Bosnian government’s minister 
for refugees, Muharem Cero. 
“These skilled people will bear 
the burden of the reconstruc- 
tion effort." 

territory for a so-called Greater 

Militarily unprepared to 
withstand the Serbian militaiy 
onslaught, Bosnian leaders 
scraped together an army from 
local crime gangs, Muslim offi- 
cers who had deserted the pro- 
Serbian Yugoslav Army and 
men desperate to defend their 

But as the Serbs grabbed land 
and Bosnian losses piled up, 
thousands of able-bodied men 
fled or went into hiding. They 
included many offspring of eth- 
nically mixed marriages uncer- 
tain of what they woe being 
summoned to defend and many 
Serbs and Croats fearful erf be- 
ing labeled traitors to their re- 
spective ethnic groups. 

The Bosnian government be- 
gan drafting men in Jane 1992. 

But the induction system was so 
inefficient that by mid-1993 
press gangs loyal to Muslim mi- 
litia leaders were roumfing up 
men from Sarajevo streets. 

Word that the mostly Muslim 
government is conadexing gar- 
dening draft dodgers has stmed 
anger among men and women 
who lost Family members and 
face penury as a result of the 
war. The bitterness is all the 
deeper because war veterans in 
this part of the world have tra- 
ditionally received preferential 
treatment in the allotment erf 
jobs, apartments and business 

“These people coming back 
will have an advantage over 
us," said a 35-year-old Bosnian 
Army soldier who has spent the 
war on the front "They'll have 
money. TbeyTl be able to bribe 
someone with 10,000 German 

that is nearing completion 
also herald a major step toward 
a posable lifting of the UN ban 
on oil sales by Iraq. 

The UN Special Commission 
on Iraq was set up after the 
1991 Gulf War with two major 
tasks: to identify and destroy 
Iraq’s biological, chemical and 
nuclear weapons and ballistic 
missiles, and to Install a com- 
prehensive monitoring system 
to ensure that work on those 
banned weapons programs is 
not restarted. 

Rolf Ekeus, chairman of the 
special commission, said his 
first task was practically fin- 
ished. AU known banned weap- 
ons had been destroyed, he 
said, and there remain only 
some “verification” problems 
with parts of Iraq’s past weap- 
ons programs. Iraq has not pro- 
duced certain documents that 
could resolve these problems, 
saying the papers were de- 
stroyed, Mr. Ekeus said. 

The second task — installa- 
tion of the monitoring system 
—is also near completion- 

waifs territory and an explicit 
ance of I 

ly7 on this project, Mr. 
said. “We hope to conclude put- 
ting the system in place and 
have it provisionally operation- 

al by September.' 1 
The mo 

He added that the govern- 
ment expected many skilled 
people and professionals to re- 
turn home because they had 

UN Says Bosnians 
Fight Croat Serbs 

marks for a certificate saying 

they were on the front line wit 

failed to find jobs for which 
they were qualified in the coun- 

tries where they fled. 

Mr. Hodzic emphasized that 
the government had just begun 
drawing up the amnesty law, 
but said it was clear that it 
would neither pardon suspected 
war criminals nor relieve re- 


mobilization or mandatory la- 

Loyalry to this country has 
been at the heart of the Bosnian 

war since nationalist Serbs 

backed by the Yugoslav Army 
started the 

conflict in April 
1992 in a bid to carve away 


ZAGREB — Troops of the 
mostly Muslim Bosnian gov- 
ernment army crossed into Cro- 
atia and battled rebel Kxajina 
Serbs on Thursday before with- 
drawing, a UN spokesman said. 

The brief incursion occurred 
a month after Krajina Serbs 
started firing long-range artil- 
lery across toe frontier at Bosni- 
an government forces fighting 
pro-Serb separatist Muslims in- 
side Bihac Province. 

It was the first repeated strike 
inside Serb-held Croatia by 
what appeared to be Bosnian 
Army 5th Corps soldiers, a 
move that could escalate fight- 
ing around Bihac into a cross- 
border conflict for the first 

He also expressed anger at 
some of those who stayed be- 
hind. “The profiteers and the 
men who spent the whole war 
hunkered down in their base- 
ments are living better than 
anyone here now,” he said. “I 
haven’t got the money to buy 
bread, much less the chocolate 
they’re selling.” 

A 73-year-old veteran, Sulei- 
man Gagnla, echoed the wide- 
spread jealously toward people 
who have (ridded back to Sara- 
jevo in the last three months 
and opened stores setting goods 
at pnees beyond the reach of 
ordinary residents. 

“They should bring these 
people back to fight, not to 
open stmts and make money," 
Mr. Gagula said. “We don’t 
need their money. The Arab 
countries and America will give 
us enough money." 

: most striqgent and intru- 
sive industrial oversight regime 
ever imposed on a country by 
the United Nations trill involve 
unannounced visits by inspec- 
tors, remote cameras at re- 
search facilities and heavy in- 
dustrial sites, jjKyifll surveillance 
and sensors. 

The monitoring of about 150 
sites will be overseen from the 
permanent facility under con- 
struction here, whore a 300-foot 
(90-meter) lower to receive ra- 
dio signals from remote cam- 
eras has been erected. 

The regime, which will also 
require exporters to inform the 
United Nations of a long list of 
items sold to Iraq, is meant to 
“go cm for years," Mr. Ekeus 

“If there is no loose end with 
the past program, then I’ve told 
the Security Council that we 
need same time to see the sys- 
tem working," he said. His re- 
made suggests that the remain- 
ing verification problems on 
Iraq’s past weapons programs 
may have to be resolved before 
Mr. Ekeos gives formal notice 
to the Security Cornell that the 
international monitoring sys- 
tem is ready to begin operation. 

between the two coun- 

Several onetime allies of Iraq, 
including Russia and France, 
hare prodded Baghdad, to jump 
this hurdle sooner rather than 
later, arguing that this would 
strengthen the country’s argu- 
ment for an earing of sanctions. 

“International sanctions 
against Iraq cannot go on forev- 
er,” a Russian Foreign Ministry 
official was quoted as saying by 
the Interfax news service last 
month. “Sooner or later they 
must be abolished. It would be 
best to do this in a ctrifized 
manner.” . 

“If Iraq officially declared re- 
spect fortiie sovereignty of Ku- 
wait and recognized the demar- 
cated border, the question of 
abolishing sanctions would talre 
on a practical character," the 
official added. 

Such efforts hare been to no 
avail. Although barfs rubber- 
stamp Parliament officially an- 
nulled its 1990 annexation of 
Kuwait in 1991, the statc-nm 
press here still occasionally re- 
fers to Kuwait as part of Iraq 
and to its leadership as 
"dwarfs" or “rulers imposed on 

The United States has said 
that it wQl not agree to a relax- 
ation of sanctions until addi- 
tional conditions are fulfilled 
by Iraq, indudjnga satisfactory 
Iraqi accounting for 
Kuwaitis and a halt to 
sion of Iraqi Kurds and Suite 

Neither of those demands, 
however, is eaplicitty finked to a 
lifting of the ban cm Iraqi oil 
sales in a strict reading erf the 
relevant UN resolution, which 
is bow the Iraqis read it 

: military Thursday, 


ant far saying on national television that he was a homosexual. 

The board of inquiry recommended that the navy discharge 
lieutenant Tracy Thome for. making the statement on ABCs 
“Nigh time” in 1992 and in other news interviews. lieutenant 
Thome challenged the “don’t tdT part of Mr. Clinton's “don’t 
ask, don’t tefl” policy. He contended he could be discharged only 
for homosexual conduct and said his statement that he was a 
homosexual did not mean he engaged in such conduct 

The new policy prohibits the discharge of military people only 
for being homosexual but requires they be discharged for homo- 
sexual conduct. This indudes even simply saying they are homo- 
sexual unless they can show they do not commit homosexual acts. 

South African Militias Agree to Truce 


; militias in a black torn 1 / 
ay, hocus after 

ship near bareagreed to st 

nrihtazy annotmeed more_sqIdkzs woukL patrol the area. 

A Methodist pastor, Mvume Dandala, negotiated the truce in 
the Tokoza township between sdghboriiooa mamas formed by. 
the African National Congress and the Zulu-based Inkatha Free- 
dom Party. 

Despite a nationwide decrease In violence since the first all-race ... 
election in April, fighting between the rival groups has continued 
in Tokoza and neighboring Katlchong. More than 20 people died . ; 
in the townships last week. Major Christo Vosser said Thursday ** 
that army patrols of the townshqK would be bolstered. 


Due to an editing error, an -article in Thursday’s editions 
mistdentified Sudarat £ Srisang, a Thai social worker who heads a ' 
group called End Quid Prostitution in Asian Tourism, asa man. '<*a 


Foreign lines to Build JFK Terminal 

NEW YORK (NYT) — Foot foreign airlines will build the first 
* fi — K, new terminal at John F. Kennedy International Airport in 
two decades, under an agreement intended to bolster 


Britain Will Not Pursue 
Charge oiWar Crimes 

The Associated Press 

LONDON — The British 
government will not prosecute 
soldiers on charges of war 
crimes during the 1982 Falk- 
land !s conflict, the Crown Pros- 
ecution Service said Thursday, 
citing insufficient evidence. 

A book by a former corporal, 
Vince Bramley, “Extension to 
Hefl,” alleged that members of 
a parachute regiment had com- 
mitted crimes, including . the 
murder of four captured Argen- 
tine soldiers. 

Kennedy’s position as the nation’s airport for internation- 
al flights. 

The new ter m inal will occupy the site of the Eastern Air Lines 
terminal that has been unusedsmee that carrier folded in 1990. A 
consortium of four airlines — Air France, Lufthansa, Japan Air 
Lines and Korean Air — will build and pay for the structure. 
Construction an the terminal is expected to start next year, and it 
is ^cduh xL^tcro|X Ji in 1998. 

te rmin al could h^p^^^^the flow of overseas flights*’ to otto 
airports that have increasingly siphoned international t raffic frtlfr 
Kennedy, which once dominated the fie ld. 

Ixmg ddays at Athens airport will persist because of a big 
seasonal increase in flights, the Greek transport minister, Theo- 
dores Pangalos, said Thursday; (Reuters) 

. A Priesliidan is to start qi in mid-August with an 
maugural fllght Unlmig the self-rule areas of Gaza and Jericho 
w«h Cairo, a Palestinian official announced Thursday. The airline 
wfll start with heficoptets and then switch to jets. (AFP) 

Aeroflot says it has received moral from the Transport 
Numstry to operate flights between Vladivostok and Toyama, 260 
kuometen! (160 miles) southwest of Tokyo. (AFP) 

syateku will go to construction by the end 
or this year, the Xinhua press agency said Thursday. The system 

the .northeast outskirts of the capital to the Ming dynasty tombs, a 
tourism spot. ^ (Reioas) 

‘HI i 

4 L 1 * 

To call from country to country, or back to the U.S., dial the World Phone number of the country you're catling from. 






CtwtMiyU A 


(Available bom pubbe ordphones only \ »2 

Caedi RepoUlcCCG 


Haiti ICO+ 

00 L -300-444- 1 234 



Denmark* CCH 






Dominican Republic 




Bahama* CC 













(Outside of Cairo, dial 02 finO 




Bermuda 4- 

I -800-623-0484’ 

El Salvador* 








Jiniftk* 1 











(Available mast major dries.) 080011 

Cayman Islands 








(Limited amiability in eastern Germany ) 









Costa Rica* 


Grenada -i- 




NedieiiandjrfCO# 06-622-01.22 

NediedandsAntilkatCQf QQ1-SOQ-95G-1022 

(Outside afMsngna,cttal 02 firsj . 166 
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PdandCOQ OT-O1-O4-80O-222 

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Puerto Ktarfca 1-800-88^8000 

San MarinoCCQ* . 172^1022 

Slovak fepnUiriCg 00 - 42-000112 

SombAEricatCQ . 000049-0011 





SL Lnda 
Sweden <C0* 


Trinidad & Tobago 

tkdted KlngdomCCQ 

£caH the UitaingBT 0800-89-0232 

. lb cd die US. udbg MERCURY 0500-890-222 

To caH anywhere otheT than the ^0500300-800+ 
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US.VtagfnlrimdfCCQ - 1-800-888-8000 

Vatican City (CQ 172-1032 . 

Yenoada-M 800-111*0 igj 


i two tac- 

Ute your MCI Card," local uJrphooe aid or 

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’t Vital to US.. Nunn Warns 

, by Ovr Staff Fnm Dispatches 

' head of the Senate Armed Ser- 
vices Committee cautioned 
Thursday against a U.S. inva- 
« sion of Haiti, saying die Carib- 
bean nation was not a “vital" 
” American interest. 

Senator Sun Nona, Demo- 
crat af Georgia, raged the Clin- 
ton administration to -think 
.» through any invasion “very 

“When we think of Haiti, we 

should also think of other spots 
„ in world where we lave poten- 

- tial problems," he said in a 
broadcast interview. He said 
North Korea is “a vital interest 

- that has to be our first top pri- 
. ority. . 

. “Bosnia is ako important. 

and Haiti is important, but no- a professionalization of the po- 
ther Bosnia nor Ham-are vital." lice and security forces and in- 

Mr. Nona also said that the 
exiled president of Haiti, Jean- 
Bertrand Aristide, should meet 
certain US. conditions as the 
race for any attonpt to restore* 
him through an invasion. 

, If the purpose of an invasion 
is to restore Father Aristide and 
promote denxxracy* the United 
States must have “not only an 
exit strategy, but most impor- 
tantly an entrance strategy," 
Mr. Nunn said, 

“We .heed to, I think, lay 
-down sara conditions to Presi- 
dent Aristide as to what he 
would do if be .is restored, in- 
. chiding h nmwn ri^t s ,lnchidnig 
guaranteed elections, including. 

i professionalization of the po- Raoul Cedras, said he would 
ice and security forces and in- step down only if the interna- 
chiding pledges not to take ret- tional community recognized as 

ribution except within the legal president the civilian judge in- 
means," he said. stalled by the military in May. 

Mr. Nunn said matters would Otherwise, General' Cedras 

be different if a U.S. invasion 

Otherwise, General' Cedras 
said in an interview with The 

were to protect the lives of the Associated Press, he would stay 
estimated 3,500 Americans still in power “no matter what the 
in Haiti. “Right now, they're consequences" until his term as 
not under threat. If they come army chief expired Jan. 31. 

- . *&&&&£ 

liiifliiniihi > ii ■, t 


Pro-Abortion Pamocrita Show Btolw 

WASHINGTON — Escalating a long-simmering struggle, 
more than a fourth of the Democrats in the House have served 
notice on their leadership of their commitment to c ov e rin g 
abortion services in a national health plan. 

Their agnal came in a letter to Representative Thomas S. 
Foley, Democrat of Washington and the speaker of the 
House. It was signed by about 70 Democrats and h strongly 
suggested that their support for a health care bin would 
depend on whether it covers abortion. 

The letter was a dear attempt to signal that the abortion, 
rights camp, which includes much of the party’s hberaT base, 
will not be taken fra granted in the struggle over health care 

The letter’s release was timed to comdde with a news 
conference by the nation’s Ro man Q*t hoKc bishops, at which 
they formally reiterated their intention to fight the inclusion 
of abortion in the basic benefit package , guaranteed in any 
health care law. . " . (NYT) 

Court Rebuff* CaHfomla on Welfare Cuts 

SACRAMENTO, California — In a decision that could 
have repercussions across the nation, a federal appeals court 
Wednesday invalidated millio ns of dollars in Cafifoima wel- 
fare cuts, saying government officials had failed to consider 
the hardship they, would impose on poor familie s- ‘ 

The 2-1 ruling by. a pand of tbe.Uil 9th Circuit Court of 
Appeals in San Francisco said the Bush a dminis tration violat- 
ed federal law in 1992 when h approved the cuts without 
investi gating the potential impact on the 2.7 million Califor- 
nians who receive welfare payments. ' 

Writing fra the majority, Judge Alfred Goodwin said there 
was clear evidence- the benefit reductions would put, many 
segments of the welfare population at “increased risk of 

al and physje^pr^en^.” ‘ ‘° D * ' - 

The ruling applied specifically to a 13 percent reduction in 
Aid to Families with Dependent Children bendits that was 
imposed Dec. 1, 1992. But lawyers on both sides of the issue 
said it could also nullify a further 2.7 percent reduction 
approved last year and a 23 percent cut scheduled lo go into 
effect in September. ■ 

The three-judge panel did not specifically order that bene- 
fits be raised^but advocates for the poor saidthey believed 
that restoration of benefits WOuklbethe ultimate result, if-the 
ruling survives farther challenges- 

“I think some policymakers have f dt there are no limits 
when they want to balance the budget by re du c in g living 
standards of poor families” said Casey McKeever, an attor- 
ney for the Western Center on Law and Poverty, which sued 
the state and federal government oh behalf of welfare recipi- 
ents. "I think this dearion will set anradi stricter standard fra 

Mr. McKeever said the ruling could revolutionize the way 
waivers of federal Jaw are approved. If tberahngis upheld, he 
said, it would also force courts in other states to nullify 
welfare cuts. ' ’ (LA*) 

Group Target* Rgjjgjou* Con— nwrtbf— 

WASHINGTON — A broad coalition of mainline reli- 
gious leaders plans to announce the establishment erf a lobby- 
ing group intended to counter the Christian Coalition, the 
l eading organization erf religious conservatives. 

Organizers of the group, the Interfaith Alliance, said there 
had been few people from religious organizations speaking 
out against the rebgious right, leaving most of the attacks to 
crane from the Democratic Party. • 

They said they hoped that people from theological back- 
grounds would appear more credible than politicians. (NYT) 

Quote /Unquote ' 

Surgeon-General Jbycdyh Elders in a recent speech in 
which she attacked the "'un-Christian religious right" for 
opposing education in such areas as sex and AIDS: * “We’ve 
got to be strong to take on those people who are setting Our 
chil d ren out in the name of rebgkm-" • (LAT) 

under threat, we have to be pre- 
pared to move very rapidly." 

President Bill Clinton's spe- 
cial adviser on Haiti, William 
H. Gray 3d, said Wednesday 
night that no U.S.-led invasion 
of Haiti was imminent, but that 
mili tary intervention remained 
an option. 

UJS. Marines staged a mock 
evacuation on the Bahamian is- 
land of Great Inagua on 
Wednesday, practicing the kind 
of operation they would cany 
out if ordered to rescue Ameri- 
cans and others in Haiti. 

Military officials described 
the two-day event as a routine 
training mission and said they 
had not mteaded to publicize it. 
But Other adminis tration offi- 
cials called attention to the ac- 
tion, apparently as part of 
Washington's effort to unnerve 
Haiti’s military leaders and 
pressure them into leaving. 

The military remained defi- 
ant. The arm y ryimmanHw in 

chief. Lieutenant General 

General Gsdras led the military ; I 
coup that deposed Father Aris- j 
tide in 1991. f 

In an earlier interview with I 
ABC News that was broadcast f " 
Wednesday, General Cfedras \.,j 
described his leadership as a ^ 
“safety valve,” and said that 
Haiti would explode if be were 
to step down. 'Al 

The Haitian government car- 
Her this week ordered the expul- A 
si on of a team of 92 human H 
rights monitors from the Unit- A 
ed Nations and the Orgamza- B. 
tion of American States. W. ] 

The observers arrived in f- 
Guadeloupe after leaving the 
Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince, M 
late Wednesday. 

At the Port-au-Prince air- £ 
port, the U.S. ambassador, WO- A 
Ham Swing, praised the team, 
winch monitored human rights 
abuses. “Their absence is going 
to be palpable to the human 
rights scene and we hope to IP! 
have them back,” he said. 

r SA, 

•r v jy,fr 

i'. ** tfV- 

f ***** : •„ 

L>nnr Sladky'Thr Auoosted Proa 

(AP, Reuters, WP, AFP) A boat boflder at work at a village west of Port-au-Prince. Thousands of people have tried to flee Haiti by sp a. 

Former Aide Discloses $400,000 in Loans to Governor Clinton 

By Susan Schmidt 
and Charles R. Babcock 

Wadtatgum Peer Sendee 

WASHINGTON — President Bill 
GHnton took out about $400,000 in 
personal loans from one small Arkan- 
sas bank when he was governor of 
Arkansas, the banker, a former Clin- 
ton aide, has disclosed. The money was 

records show only one $50,000 loan to 
the candidate during those years. 

Mr. Smith said the money was in no 
way a personal or political slush fund 
for Mr. Clinton. 

“1 guarantee if he'd had one I'd have 
known about it,” be said. 

It was previously known that Mr. 
Clinton had raised private money to 

Mr. Fiske is investigating whether copies of the documents showing the 
taxpayer-insured funds from Madison identity of tbe donors who paid off the 
Guaranty Savings & T-nan were divert- loans or how the money was spent. 

td to pay off $50,000 campaign ^ . ^ 

loan from Cherry Valley m 1984. 


^fratopoHti^^^SdS u^nTkn^ 

promote a state education initiative, , r eotlfied Publicly. It was not known -i.horate nnhnw much nf the 

"They are in my custody and I will 
not release them until Mr. Fiske has 
completed his task," she said. 

John Podesta. a White House aide: 
said: "Clinton went out and raised 
money from the business community 
to put ads on the media. It was a weli- 

promote a state education initiative, 
and at least part of the debt was repaid 
with donations from corporations. 

W. Maurice Smith, Mr. Clinton’s 
top gubernatorial aide until 1985, said 
in an interview that Mr. Clinton took 
out between a half-dozen and a dozen 
unsecured loans between 1983 and 
1988 from his Bank of Gheny Valley. 
He estimated that about $300,000 of 
the money went to campaigns, though 
Mr. Clinton's gubernatorial campaign 

Foods, Wonhen Bank, Wal-Mart 
Stores and TCBY made contributions 
to an education reform fund that paid 
off the loan, he said. 

“It was my idea," Mr. Smith said of 
the first loan. “We needed the money 
right quick to promote this education 
program. I knew I could get my board 
to O.K. it." 

Mr. Smith said his bank also made a 

that some of the money was used to 

not elaborate on bow much of the 
Cherry Valley loans were used to pro- 

repay Mr. Clinton’s personal loans. loaaswere ^ P^ 

Tbe White House was unable to fully ®° tc t legislative imtmtives and how 

known part of his efforts to move the series of loans for Clin tin campa^ns, 
state forward." none for more than $ KXf.OOO. All were 

Two lists of nontrihulors whodnnat- repaid, he added. 

rf-mlain the loans much used for the governors re- 

Wright , former Climon Action campaigns, 
aide who oversaw the raising and Though Mr. Clinton borrowed tbe 
spending of the funds, said in an inter- money from the bank in his name 
view Wednesday from the White personally, she said, he never saw the 
House that she had turned over her money and “not one penny ever went 
records to Robert B. Fiske, the special for the Clintons' personal use.” 

counsel investigating Mr. Clinton’s fi- 
nances in the Whitewater land deal. 

Ms. Wright, now a Washington lob- 
byist, said she would not make public 

state forward.” 

Two lists of contributors who donat- 
ed a total of $120,000 to legislative 
initiatives in 1 988 and 1 989 were made 
public at the time. 

Mr. Smith said be knew of only one 
legislative initiative funded by his 
bank. He lent Mr. Clinton $100,000 in 
1 983 to push for education reform in a 
special session of the legislature. Ar- 
kansas corporations, including Tyson 

Mr. Smith, who also served as Mr. 
Clinton's finance chairman, said he 
did not believe any of the donations 
that went toward repaying the cam- 
paign loans exceeded the $1,500 cam- 
paign limit. Some of the donations to 
promote Mr. Clinton's legislation were 
higher, including one for $25,000 from 
a TCBY executive. 

Cigarettes Under Fires Franklin First for Greenback Face-Lift 

A Plan to Kick the Kick 

By John Schwartz 

Washington Past Service 

based their proposal in part on 
the people they called “chip- 

WASHINGTON — Two pers,” the 10 percent of smokers 
prominent tobacco researchers who consumer fewer than five 
have proposed a system for cigarettes a day and generally 
gradually reducing the amount do not appear to be addicted, 
of nicotine in cigarettes to ren- The researchers calculated 
der them nonaddictive. the average amount of nicotine 

According to the plan pub- “ 5““ n ? ia ^ >icte j smoJ ? ers ! 
fished in Thursday’s issuVof ***« “ d . detected 
The New England Journal of ^ “cotine coold be al- 
Medkdne, theFood and Drag lowed in a ogarette tomamtam 
A^Sttation— which isS? suntiar levds among those who 
sideling the regulation of cigar- 

ettes as drugs — would require Although sneers might try 
manufacturers to reducT the *9 cqmpaisate for the loss of 
amount of nicotine in cigarettes 

over "perhaps 10 or 15 years" to Henmngfield said, suffiaentre- 
a taigetdraeof 0.17 milligrams duction of nxcotmem cigarettes 
pracSrettc. That is aSrart one- would require smokers to con- 
SbthcStine of the average *rme 30 or more £ 

of today’s cigarettes. f* sairc amount of nicotine 

y lagju found in three or four today — 

The researchers, Nea l L. more effort than most smokers 
Benowitz of the University of would be willing to make. 
Oy^atSa^ranoscoraid The vast majority of smokers 
Jack E. HammgfieW of the Na- w; n - m their teens, and two- 
tional Institute on Drag Abuse, tb | r ^ s pf smokers say that they 
. - would like to quit The low- 

• ■ nicotine cigarettes would keep 

m fclf - O young cxpeairocnitas from get- 
lYl fi t&Myr ting hooked, Mr. Henningfield 

C/v said. He added that those smok- 

ers could decide later whether 

Car Police Pnrsued !^®^L ba ^° n 

The Food and Drug Admin- 
Through. his _ lawyer, Mr. istration announced in Febru- 
Cowhngs has said he was not ary that it was conside ring io- 
trying to help Mr. Simpson flee bacco regulation, and 
but was trying to keep him from Commissioner David A. 

Did Simpson Intend to Flee? 

$10,000 and Passport Allegedly Found in Car Police Pnrsued 

By Jim Newton. 

j. Lea Angeles Times Service 

■ LOS ANGELES — Thepo- 
,.lice have recovered nearly 
» $1(^000 and a passp t from the 
vehicle in which O. J. Simpson 
■. was a passenger daring a na- 
tionally televised freeway pur- 
’4 suit on Jane 17, sources dose to 
the investigation said. 

7 The passport and the cash 
could undermine the fanner 
“football star’s contention — 

* outlined in a letter read shortly 

; after he disappeared — that he 
! was distraught and planniiK to 

• kill himself when he failed to 
; surrender as promised to au- 

“If this evidence exists, it’s 
very powerful for the prosecu- 
tion because you don’t take a 
passport to. a suicide, and 
SKMMO is a lot of waDring- 
around cash,” said John Wiley, 
a University of California law 
professor and former federal 
prosecutor. . 

Mr. Wiley, who canttaned 
that he was not privy to evi- 
dence of the cash or passport, 
noted that a set of jury mstruo- 
tions deals with destroying evi- 
dence, intimidating witnesses 
and fleeing. If deemed appro- 

committing suicide. If evidence Kessler has said that regulation 
suggests mat Mr. Simpson's might take the form erf a gradu- 
real motive was to flee, howev- al lessening of nicotine levels, 
er, that could undermine Mr. Walker Merryman, a spokes- 
Cowfings’s defense as wdL ■ - man for the Tobacco Institute, 
Prosecutors have deferred called the article “an op-ed 
announcing a decision on piece rather than a study” that 

By Bill McAllister 

Washington Peat Service 

WASHINGTON — Terrorists and 
high-tech office copying machines are 
forcing Unde Sam to change tbe green- 

Treasury officials have announced the 
most dramatic changes to the nation's 
currency since 1929. Overseas counter- 
feiting. linked by some lawmakers to 
terrorist gangs, and a new generation of 
sophisticated color copying machines 
have made America's paper money too 
easy to duplicate, the officials said. 

The $100 bill win be the first to get a 
makeover, and will indicate changes to 
come in other denominations. Benjamin 
Franklin, whose face appears on tbe 
$100, wfll get a bigger portrait and be 
moved a bit off center. The paper will be 
embedded with tiny iridescent dots and 
new inks win change color as the light 

To complete the three-dimensional ef- 
fect, there will be a pattern erf wavy lines 
that look normal to tbe human eye but 

appear blurry when reproduced on a 
copying machine. 

The Clinton administration pledged to 
begin making the changes as early as 
1996. Some members of Congress have 
pleaded for the changes for years, saying 
terrorist organizations backed by Syria 
and Iran have flooded currency markets 
with upwards of $1 billion in fake Frank- 

Final designs for the new $100 bills 
will not be unveiled until next year and it 
will probably be the following year be- 
fore they go into circulation. Frank N. 
Newman, undersecretary of the Trea- 
sury, told the House Banking Commit- 

Changes to other bills, including the 
$1, will come later and most likely will 
not be as extensive. 

Treasury officials promised not to 
change any of tbe subjects on the na- 
tion’s currency. Washington will remain 
on the dollar, Lincoln on the $5. Hamil- 
ton on the $10 and Jackson on the $20. 
New security threads will be placed in 

the bills and they will be printed on 
paper carrying a translucent watermark 
image of the same individual in the por- 

Officials repeatedly pledged not to 
"recall, devalue or demonetize" any bills 
in private hands. 

Robert J. Leaver, a former director of 
the bureau of engraving, said that 
changes would boost the cost of printing 
by about 1 cent, to 4.8 cents a bill, 
making it "the most expensive currency 
in the world.” 

Many other Western nations have be- 
gun to change their paper money regu- 
larly to foil counterfeiters. 

"Because the technology available for 
counterfeiting is evolving, no longer will 
U.S. currency be as static in design as it 
has been," Mr. Newman said. 

The last major change was in 1929, 
when the greenback was shrunk by 25 
percent and the portraits and monu- 
ments on all denominations were stan- 

Breyer’s Vision for High Court? Pragmatic 

By T.inda Gr eenh ouse senators, is to construct a par- "practical document" to be un- free — or even bound — to 
New York Times Sendee trait of what it means to be a derslood not solely in light of its consider the practical effect of 

WASHINGTON — From judicial pragmatisL history but in terms of "what their rulings, 

his 13 years on a federal appeals It is a label open to easy cari- life is like at the present,” as the Some of the major debates on 

court, it is apparent that Ste- caturc as an ad hoc, small-bore, judge explained Wednesday. the court are conducted along 

phea G. Breyer is a judge of Mr- Fix-It erf the law — the Discussing how to interpret this fault line. Judge Breyer and 

moderate leanings, a self-de- passionless technocrat, as the constitutional concept of Justice Scalia, friendly spamng 
scribed pragmatist interested Breyer has himself been carica- liberty, he said, “One tries to partners in many a legal forum 
more in solutions than in theo- rured at times. use a bit of understanding as to who have agreed to disagree on 

ries. Bui he has made clear during what a holding one way or the the question, have conducted 

Judge Breyer has said noth- the hearing that his form of other will mean for the future.” several witty but nonetheless se- 
ing to dislodge that image in pragmatism encompasses not “Law is not theoretical.’' he nous public debates on one of 
testimony during his Supreme only a -^ p pmach to added. “Beware of fixed rules, the most disputed subjects: how 

rvu.rt ivMififmaitftn h«nn<> .jL, Woi nmK. He was alluding to rules that to interpret statutes. 

moderate leanings, a self-de- passionless technocr; 
scribed pra gmat ic interested' Breyer has hi m se lf been 
more in solutions than in theo- tured at times. 

whether to bring charges 
against Mr. Cowlings. 

Court confirmation hearing, solving particular legal prob- He was 
which continued into a third lems but also a coherent vision look ap 
day Thursday before the Senate of constitutional and statutory butcan 
Judiciary Committee. interpretation, about which be The 

What the hearing accom- * r ' «««»-’* 

He was alluding to rules that 
look appealing on the surface 
but can be a trap. 

to interpret statutes. 

Justice Scalia, whose scorn 
for Congress is evident, believes 

Initial DNA tests failed to 

priate, these can be read to the identify Mr. Simpson’s blood 
jury by the trial judge. on a glove found at his estate. 

} Although such instructions although it could have come 
allow jurors to infer guilt from a from two murder victims. The 


The source disputed the in- 

; thoritics The passport and the allow jurors to infer guilt from a from two murder victims. The 
1 monev could suggest that his defendant’s actions, they are Associated Press reported, 

* real motive was to flee, observ- not required to draw those ip- quoting a. source dose to the 

’ere said. ferences. They are only permit- mvesngatiou. ... 

. , f emTTWN: re. ted to do so if they fed that the The source disputed the m- 

■ hatThrfor- inferences arekppropriate. topretationof the DNA find- 

. fused to Mr fflmD- Still, the instruction can weigh agsnyorted by a Los Angeles 

‘ ““““ii f 0 " 1 , 2 heavily against defendants, Mr. television station that said that 
•son withdrew jbe wne? s&L ' Wood tests showed a “strong 

■ could be . TIM latest disclosures also probability” of a DNA match 

^agtoa^his naotri^ amid figure in whether prose- with Mr. Simpson. 

; Mr. evi- CTtors tirade to bring cmmnal The tests werc conducted on 

drargesagamst Al Cowlings, blood from tbe right-handed 
;dence or flight longtime friend glove confiscated by ihepofice 

.cation an he a and S^teammate, and the outside Mr. Simpson's Brent- 

ctaas * 1 tn* 1 person behind the wfied during wood mansion. A left-handed 

; defendant had gfStiSS televised poficl glove, believed to have been 

.of guilL It thus couwbe : - _ n ■, abandoned by the killer, was 

• to b^ter theprogKUtira - ^ over, the police found outside Mrs. Simpson’s 

tenuon that Mr. booked Mr Cowlings on suspi- condominium near the bodies, 

his fonntf wife, ^J^of aSd^AfistaW'ioSro. Authorities believe the two 

inferences are appropriate, terpreiatitm of tire DNA find- 
Rfill , the instruction can weigh iogs reported by a Los Angles 
heavily against defendants, Mr. television station that said that 
Wiley said. Wood tests showed a “strong 

. The latest disclosures also probability” of a DNA match 
could figure In whether prose- with Mr. Simpson, 
cutbrs decide to bong crumnal The tests werc conducted on 
Mrargf* again s i Al Cowlings, blood from the right-handed 
Mr Simpsons longtime friend glove confiscated by the pofice 
and former teammate, and the outside Mr. Simpson's Brent- 
person behind the' wheel during wood man s i on. A left-handed 
the nationally televised pofice glove, believed to have been 


abandoned by die killer, was 

When it was over, the police found outside Mrs. Simpson’s 

was “attempting to establish a 
framework for FDA-designed 

Away From Politics 

• A federal judge has sentenced the captain 
and seven crew members of the Golden Ven- 
ture, a freighter that tried to smuggle Chinese 
into the United States, to prison terms rang- 
ing from three years to four and a half. Ten 
Chinese drowned trying to swim ashore. 

• A German tourist died when he fell into a 
crevasse while hiking at the Athabasca Gla- 
cier in Jasper National Park in western Cana- 
da. The victim, Rainer Bergener, was hiking 
with his wife and six friends, officials said. 

• A federal judge In Manhattan sentenced tbe 
fifth 'and lust defendant in the World Trade 
Center bombing to 20 months in prison after 
a guilty plea to a minor chaxge of lying to 
immigration officials. The defendant. Bilal 
Alkaisi, was initially charged in the bombing 

• An Arizona wBdftre that has burned across a 

Stero^tiomdbout which be The dimensions of Judge in holding Congress to the lan- 
has spoken with considerable Breyer’s philosophy are impor- guage it enacts into law, wiffi- 
doquence and even passion. tarn, given the nature of the out recourse to context or legis- 
At the heart of his approach court he is about to join. auve history that could shed 

lative history that could shed 
light on the meaning of obtuse 
or inconsistent provisions. 

By contrast. Judge Breyer, 
who as chief counsel of the Sen- 
ate Judiciary Committee draft- 
ed statutes before he assumed 
the job of interpreting them, 
believes strongly in using any 
materials at hand to try to fig- 
ure out what Congress wanted 
to achieve, and to interpret the 
law in a way that harmonizes 
with its underlying purpose. 

"I do think that laws are sup- 
posed to, when fitted together, 
work according to their pur- 

1 3-square- mile (34-square-kiiometer) area 
has jumped a fire line, spreading into a na- 
tional park after crews thought they might 
have it under control. The fire is one of 
dozens in five Western states. 

• Four men lying ou railroad tracks in north- 
ern Vi rgini a amid beer cans and drug para- 
phernalia were killed by a freight train rolling 
through Manassas in a fog. 

• A foundation created by the late Mary 
Flagjer Cary, a New York woman who loved 
trees, has given $15 million to the New York 
Botanical Garden in the Bronx. The money is 
to support research and help young scientists. 

• President fin Clinton has announced more 
than $60 million in federal disaster assistance 
fra parts of southwest Georgia, Alabama and 
Florida, areas hit hard by recent flooding. 

AP. NYT. Reuters, WP 

The Supreme Court often ap- 
pears miscast as tbe theater erf a 
conventional liberal-versus- 
conservative drama. With the 
retirement of Justice Harry A. 
Blackmun. whom Judge Breyer 
has been named to succeed, 
there is no old- Fashioned liberal 

Rather, the fault line that of- 
ten seems to matter most on tbe 
court is the line that separates 
the formalists who are drawn to 
rules and calories, exempli- 
fied by Justice Antonin Scalia. 
from justices like John Paul Sie- 

who consider themselves poses,” he said. 

ask the butler... 

:i lltfrflX ■>» lf(lf tl r < 



ITOUDCIU.V. nlT Y1.4. 1004. 

Page 4 

FRIDAY, JULY 15, 1994 






Murder Is Murder 

The Bangladeshi writer Taslima Nas- 
rin is in hiding, on the run from would- 
be assassins. And the government of her 
country, rather than protecting her safe- 
ty, has brought criminal charges of blas- 
phemy against her and publicly implied 
that Islamic militants are justified in 
seeking her death. 

In an extraordinary letter in The 
Washington Post on Tuesday, the Bang- 
ladeshi ambassador to the United 
States, 'Humayun Kabir, suggested that 
the actions against Ms. Nasrrn were in 
accordance with “secular” blasphemy 
laws and that “democratic government 
has an obligation to respond to popular 
anguish and resentment” by seeking to 
punish offensive speech. He adds that 
“voices are being raised” for making 
blasphemy punishable by death, as “in 
other countries capital punishment is 
provided by law for other serious of- 
fenses a gains t society.*' 

Both the charges and the death threats, 
including a 110,000 reward offered for 
her head by radical clerics, stem from the 
accusation that Ms. Nasrin, a 32-year-old 
feminist writer and doctor, made com- 
ments offensive to Islam in an interview 
with a newspaper in India. 

Ms. Nasrrn has denied she made the 
comment attributed to her that the Ko- 
ran, the Muslim holy book, should be 
“thoroughly revised.” She has. however, 
criticized aspects of Islamic law and in 
particular its treatment of women. That 
appears to have made her a target and a 

symbol for religious extremists, al- 
though those knowledgeable about Ban- 
gladesh say that other such criticism of 
Islam has gone relatively unnoticed 
there in the recent past. 

Ms. Nasrin is not just a female Sal- 
man Rushdie but one of a growing list of 
writers and other figures targeted by 
extremist Islamic forces for death be- 
cause they dare to make comments 
viewed as “secularist.” Nor are the 
threats empty; the list of those killed for 
unacceptable writings is lengthening, 
too. It includes Farag Foda, the Egyp- 
tian journalist assassinated in 1992 for a 
newspaper column critical of funda- 
mentalists; a dozen or so Algerian intel- 
lectuals lulled in the last year, and sever- 
al more who died in a fire at a 
conference in Sivas, Turkey, set by Is- 
lamist mobs seeking the death of the 
poet Aziz Nesin. who survived the blaze. 

It is worth noting that these terror 
campaigns are unfolding not in coun- 
tries that have installed conservative Is- 
lamic regimes but in countries where 
conservative Islamic forces are strug- 
gling either politically or militarily with 
more moderate and secular govern- 
ments. Bangladesh, with its female 
prime minister, has generally been 
viewed as having such a moderate gov- 
ernment, which may explain the ambas- 
sador's attempt to characterize the per- 
secution of a writer as “secular.’' It 
won't wash. Murder is murder. 


France Helps in Rwanda 

Grant France this much credit for its 
risky armed intervention into the geno- 
ridal civil war in Rwanda. Some 2.500 
French troops moved into Rwanda, 
saved lives and created a safe area in the 
southwest, and are now poised to with- 
draw. This decisiveness contrasts with 
the inability of Washington and the 
United Nations to speed promised ar- 
mored personnel carriers to Africa for 
use by 500 Ghanaian peacekeepers 
scheduled to replace the French soldiers. 

The United Nations is being billed 
$10 million for these rented vehicles, 
which arrived after weeks of paperwork 
delay only to face fresh delays for lack 
of trained Ghanaian drivers. The world 
body should try Avis next time. 

To be sure, France's lightning re- 
sponse hardly allays the suspicion that 
President Franqois Mitterrand is trying 
to save his friends and France’s former 
clients in a Hutu-led regime which is 
being routed by rebels led by minority 
Tutsis. Now that the capital, Kigali, has 
fallen to insurgents, the safe area may 
serve as a sanctuary for what is left of a 
regime blamed for slaughtering hun- 
dreds of thousands since April 7, the day 
after Rwanda’s president was killed in a 
mysterious air crash. 

Still, thousands of civilian lives were 
saved by the French intervention. Only 
France was able and willing to act The 
French appear to be honoring their 
promise to withdraw in two months as 
an all- African peacekeeping force takes 
over. And on Monday, Prime Minister 
Eduard Ball ad ur came to the United 
Nations and vowed to punish genoridal 
killers and to provide the United Na- 
tions with evidence of war crimes; if 

France delivers, Mr. Balladur can in- 
deed call the mission a success. 

Meantime, it is apparent that identity 
cards originally issued by Belgian colo- 
nial administrators decades ago have 
become the equivalent of the Star of 
David in Hitler’s Reich. As Raymond 
Bonner has reported in The New York 

Times, there is no certain physical dis- 
: Hutus and Tutsis, who 

traction between 
speak the same language and have ex- 
tensively intermarried. The identity 
cards can be a death certificate when 

militia members pull passengers from 

cars and buses. Abolishing these cards 
seems an essential preliminary to ending 
genoridal killings fomented by vicious 
radio broadcasts. 

Rwanda’s torment underscores the 
difficulty of stopping savage conflicts 
within national frontiers. Lightly armed 
peacekeepers cannot enforce truces if 
belligerents decide otherwise. Yet surely 
the world can find more ways to make 
plain its disgust. 

In the case of Rwanda, it is a scandal 
that a diplomatic representative of a 
phantom regime credibly accused of 
mass murder sits on the Security Coun- 
cil as an African delegate. Moreover, in 
accord with automatic rotation, the 
Rwandan is due to be the council's pres- 
ident when the General Assembly con- 
venes in September. The simple solution 
would be for the envoy in question to 
skip his turn in order to preclude so 
cruel a farce. Should he refuse, the Clin- 
ton administration could partly atone 
for its bumbling over those armored 
carriers by getting the Security Council 
to waive its rotation rules. 


Avalanche of Subsidies 

If the U.S. Congress fails to pass the 
new worldwide trade agreement, it will 
find itself tugged irresistibly toward 
piecemeal protectionism. Broad legisla- 
tion asserts broad national interests. In 
its absence, specific grievances turn into 
political causes at great cost to consumers 
and the country. One good example is the 
current quarrel with Canada over its ex- 
ports of wheat into the United States. 

The trouble begins in Europe, which 
subridizes its agriculture enormously and 

meantime, he and others in Congress are 
pressing Bill Clinton to take action. 

Last fall the president asked the Inter- 
national Trade Commission, a U.S. gov- 
ernment agency, to look into the wheat 
case. A few days ago its six commission- 
ers announced that, with varying de- 
grees of enthusiasm, they agreed that 
Canadian wheat imports are having at 
least a small impact on farm programs 
in the United States. Legally, that per- 

dumps the resulting surpluses in foreign 

mils the president to impose quotas on 
ffect would be to 

markets. To match the European compe- 
tition, the United States also subsidizes 
its exports. Those subsidies, together with 
a poor crop last year because of the 
floods, have created a shortage of some 
types of wheat in the United States. The 
shortage is being filled by Canadian 
wheat, which, American farmers vehe- 
mently argue, is being unfairly subsidized 
by the Canadian government 
A dispassionate economist would say 
that all of these governments are wasting 
a lot of money on competing subsidies 
and that these disputes are being generat- 
ed by the differeno in these farm price 

Canadian wheat The eff 
push up wheat prices and food costs — 
not an unmixed blessing. 

The world trade agreement produced 
by the recent Uruguay Round of negotia- 
tions, would do a lot to help rationalize 
farm trade. It would limit subsidies and 
ban import quotas — in most cases a 
huge plus for American farmers, who are 

generally exporters. That in itself would 
not settle the Canadian case. But the 

support systems, one spokesman for 
n farmers, “ 

American farmers. Senator Kent Conrad, 
a North Dakota Democrat, would like to 
try to harmonize the American and Ca- 
nadian price support systems to form an 
alliance against the Europeans. But in the 

agreement would greatly expand an in- 
ternational code of law requiring similar 
violations to be handled similarly, as in 
the American court system. It would ap- 
ply the same rules to imports as to ex- 
kind of discipline, 
riddled wh 

Without that 

foreign trade is going to be riddled with 
concessions to special pleaders — disrup- 
tive. inflammatory, costly to the country 
but hard for government to resist 


Internationa] Herald Tribune 




RICHARD McCLEAN. publisher & Chief Eircurnr 
JOHN V1NOCUR. Lattfnr ££&*• A ViceP/ailai 


CHARLES MlTCHELMORE. Dejm Editors • CARL GEWIKTZ. Assnciae Editor 
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' /*«/ Inammnal HmildTrdw AB riifm irvneiL BSV. 

Dear Taslima, It Is Not You Who Has Done Wrong 

I AM SURE you have become died of 
being called “the female Salman 
Rushdie” — what a bizarre and comical 

creature that would be! — when all along 
you thought you were the female Taslima 
Nasrin. 1 am sorry my name has been 

hung around your neck, but please know 
that there are many people in many 

By Salman Rushdie .. 

This is art open letter from Salman Rushdie to Taslima Nasrin, a Bangladeshi 
physician, newspaper cohannisi and author of the novel “Shame, “ who is under 
leath threats from Muslim derics and faces criminal charges from die government 
for allegedly criticizing the Koran. Mr. Rushdie, who has been in hiding since 
being sentenced to death by Iranian religious leaders ml 989, is organizing 
an international protest on Ms- Nasrin behalf by other prominent writers. 

countries working to make sure that such 
sloganizing does not obscure your identi- 
ty, the unique features of your situation 
and the importance of fighting to defend 
you and your ri gh ts against those who 
would cheerfully see you dead. 

In reality it is our adversaries who seem 
to have things in common, who seem to 
believe in divine sanction for lynching 
and terrorism. So instead of turning you 
into a female me, the headline writers 
should be describing your opponents as 
“the Bangladeshi Iranians.” 

How sad it must be to believe in a 
God of blood! What an Islam they have 
made, these apostles of death, and how 
important it is to have the courage to 
dissent from it! 

Great writers have agreed to lend 
their weight to the campaign on your 
behalf: Czeslaw Milosz, Mario Vargas 
Llosa, Milan Kundera and more. When 

fiction that women are not discrimin ated 
against in Muslim countries or that, if 
tiicy are, it has nothing to do with the 
religion. The sexual mutilation of women, 

such campaigns were run on my behalf, 
I found them immensely cheering, and I 

es in 

know that they helped 
opinion and government aid 
many countries. 

You have spoken out about the op- 
pression of women under Islam, and 
what you said needed saying. In the 
West, there are too many eloquent apolo- 
gists working to convince people of the 

Islam. This may be tree in theory, but in 
many countries where this goes on the 
mullahs wholeheartedly Support it 

And then there arc the countless 
crimes of violence within the home, the 
inequalities of legal systems that value 
women’s evidence below that of meh, the 
driving of women out of the workplace in 
all countries where Islamists have come 
to or even near to power. 

You have spoken out about the at- 
tacks on Hindus in after the 

destruction of the Ayodhya mosque in 
India by Hindu extremists. Any fair- 
minded person would agree that a reli- 
gious attack by Muslims on innocent 
Hindus is as bad as an attack by Hindus 
on innocent Muslims. Such simple fair- 

ness is the target of the bigots’ rage, and 
it is that fairness which, in defend 


you, we seek to defend. 

You are accused of having said that 
the Koran should be revised — although 
you have said that you were referring 
only to Islamic religious code. You may 
have seen that only last week the Turk- 

ish authorities announced a project to 
revise these codes, so in that regard at 
least you are not alone. 

And evw if you did say tlai the Koran 
should be revised to remove its ambigu- 
ities about the rights of women, and even 
if every MusKm man in the world were to 
disagree with yon,' it would remain a 
perfectly legitimate opinion, and no sod- 
wishes to jail or hang you for 
- it can call it$df free. 

r ity is what fundamentalists air 

ways say they are after, bat in fact they 
are obscurantists in an thmgs. 

What is ample is to agree that if one 
may say “God easts” then another may 
also say “God does not exist”; that if one 
m«y say “I loathe this book” then anoth- 
er may also say “But I like it very much.” 
What is not at afi simple is to be asked 

to believe that there is only one truth, one 
way of exp r essing that troth, and one 
punishment — ^ death — for those' who 
say this isn’t so. ' ‘ * 

As you know, TasHma, Bengali culture 
— and I mean the culture of Bangladesh 
as well as T fodiiny Bengal — has always 
prided itself on its openness, its freedom 
to *Mnk and argue, its lack of bigotry. It 
is a disgrace that your government has 
chosen to side with the religious extrem- 

ists against their own history, their own 

geccc, the hnngnia naa and the word that 
f^exmonents are trying to loot. 

J IJiavoscen and beard reports that you 
are all sorts of dreadful things adtffi- 
colt woman, an advocate (horror of hor- 
rors) cf free love. Let me assure you that 
those of us who are woridug -on your 
behalf are wdl aware that character as- 
is normal in such situations, ' 
and must be discounted. „ 

And sutpHchy again has something 
Ypi i^Mo- to say on this issue: Even difficult 
advocates cf free Jove must be allowed to 
stay alive, otherwise we would be Wt only 
with those who bdieve that love is some- 
thing for which there must be a price — 

perhaps a terrible price --to pay. 

TasWa, I know that there must be a 
storm inside you now. One minute you 
wm fed weak and helpless, another 
strong and defiant. Now you win feel 
betrayed and alone, and now you will 
. have the sense cf standing for many who 
are standing silently with you. 

Fohaps in your daikest moments you 
. wzD fed yon did sometiring wrong — that 
those demanding your death may hove a 
point. This ofafl your goblins you must 
exorcise first. You have done nothing 
wrong. The wrong is committed by oth- 
ers against you. 

Yon have done nothing wrong, and I 
ou will be free. 

am sure that one day soon you 

The writer is author most recently of 
“Imaginary Homelands.’* He contributed 
this open letter to The New York Times. 





Rwanda: The 

P ARIS — France’s gamble that 
it could intervene usefully in 
Rwanda without provoking the 
bloody fiasco that overtook the 
United Nations and U.S. interven- 
tions in Somalia has succeeded. 
The allied and African govern- 
ments that opposed or denigrated 
the French undertaking owe Paris 
an apology. They also owe those 
helped by France a new effort, 
right non’, to see that a sequel to 
the Rwandan tragedy does not fol- 
low in neighboring Burundi 
Despite the professionalism 
and knowledge of the terrain that 
the French have displayed, they 
began with a serious misappre- 
hension that had to be corrected 
after forces already were commit- 
ted. They believed that the mur- 
ders — the International Red 
Cross says more than a millio n of 
them — were a reciprocal affair 
between majority Hutus (85 per- 

By William Pfaff 

cent of the population) and mi- 
nority Tutsis. 

They found when they arrived 
that the murderers were virtually 
all Hutus and the victims Tutsis, 
together with some moderate Hu- 
ms. Moreover, they found that 
this genocide had deliberately 
been instigated by the Hutu-dom- 
inated government and semi-offi- 
cial groups, carried out not only 
by the local mili tia chiefs but also 
by mayors and regional prefects 
and even by teachers. 

Hence the French effort had to 
be turned into a rescue operation 
for Tutsis fleeing Hutus, while the 
Hutu population itself was in 
flight from the advance of the 
Uganda-based Tutsi rebel force, 
toe Rwandan Patriotic Front. 

The front’s army, in the regions 
it has conquered, reportedly has 

conducted itself with discipline 
and a willingness to deal with 
moderate Hums, naming a Hutu 
to be prime minister in the govr 
eminent that the front intends to 
set up. However, legitimately or 
otbenvise, some question the true 

er field decision by the French. 
They now disarm militias and ci- 
vilians and are k ee pin g the Hutu 
military refugees under surveil- 
lance. They arc altoajflecting ev- 
idence on the atrocities, as Prime 
Minister Edouard Balladur told 
the UN Security Council on 
Monday, to be turned over to a 

rfia raeter of the front, largely UN human rights inquiry. 
maite up of deoceudmits of Tutsi Mr. Balladur urged that UN 

refugees driven into exile in: 
Uganda in die 1960s and ’70s. 

Its rigid discipline and some- 
what mysterious leadership have 
evoked memories of the Khmer 
Rouge. Nothing that it has done 
since invading Rwanda has justi- 
fied those fears. Quite the con- 
trary. But (he fears influenced 
French policy. 

Many of those implicated in 
the Hum-instigated massacres, 
have taken refuge in the. French- 
controlled zone, requiring anoth- 

forces rapidly take over. and ap- 
pealed. to international aid ageor 
ties to help the French army deal 
with refugees and the wounded in 
the zone now under its controL 
These have held back because 
they saw the intervention as po- 
litically tainted. 

The reason for diat is the fol- 
lowing. France has found itself, 
for better or for worse; the post- 

to Belgium after World War I.-In 
recent years Paris supported the 
doarinimtiy Hum government in 
Rwanda, intervening militarily in 
1990 against the Patriotic Front's 
first invasion from Uganda. 

Why? There is a fundamental 
problem here that the events of 
recent weeks have worsened, and 
■which risks producing a new ex- 
plosion of violence m Burundi 
The strqggle between Hum and 
Tutsi is not simply an ethnic ri- 
valryJThe jpetaacularly tall, cat- 
tkniaising Tutsis historically were 
theraler* of both countries. They 
are a Caucasoid people who ar- 
rived in the region four centuries 
ago. probably from. Ethiopia, to 
sobjugate the peasant Hutus. 


Movement In die Middle East, but Jerusalem Looms 

P ARIS — The long voyage to- 
ward peace in the Middle East 

By Flora Lewis 

is now fully launched. There is still 
no guarantee of ultimate success, 
but the summit talks in Paris last 
week and new negotiations in Cai- 
ro on extending Palestinian auto- 
nomy to the whole of the West 
Bank mart a crucial new stage. 

Both Israel's Yitzhak Rabin 
and the FLO’S Yasser Arafat are 
now personally engaged to the 
point where neither could outlast 
a failure. They both know it and 
it creates a firm interdependence. 

They axe sticking by their ini- 
tial agreement to hold off tackling 
the most difficult issues — Jeru- 
salem, a Palestinian state, the 
Jewish settlements. But, wflly-nil- 

W, these points are slipping onto 
the table and it is getting harder 

table and it is getting 
and harrier to avoid them. 

The next decisive step will be 
Palestinian elections. There has 
been a curious reversal of roles. 
Until a few weeks ago, the Israelis 
were poshing for a vote as soon as 
possible. In both its dealings with 
the PLO and its arguments with 
its domestic opposition, Mr. Ra- 
bin’s government win be better 
off with a democratically validat- 
ed interlocutor, an autonomy re- 
gime arising from the ballot box. 

Mr. Arafat was holding bade, 
insisting first on working out 
complex details of autonomy. 
Now he is pushing for an early 
vote, even contacting ex-Presd- 
dent Jimmy Carter about orga- 
nizing an outride election moni- 
tor team. Given Mr. Carter’s role 
in IsraeTs first peace treaty with 
Egtypt, that is both highly appro- 
priate and symbolic. 

According to PLO sources, 
what spurred Mr. Arafat was 
first the promise that the Hamas 
movement, which opposes the 
peace process, would not try to 
disrupt carrying out the Gaza- 
Jericho agreement. Even more 
important has been his reception 
cm his first visit to Palestine 
since the 1967 war. too long de- 
layed but nonetheless reassuring 
to him. He is not worried now 
about winning elections. 

But the Israelis are getting 
more concerned about the dis- 

mesns the right to vote, in their 
view from outside the dty limits. 
The PLO says it also means the 
right to run, implying representa- 
tion of parts of Jerusalem. 

Mr. Arafat has offered a sur- 
prising compromise on where 
Jerusalemites should, vote, sug- 
gesting polling stations inside re- 
ligious establishments, for exam- 

ple the AJ Aqsa mosque and the 
Church i 

of the Holy Sepulchre. It 
is a gimmick, but an encouraging 
one, shifting the emphasis from 
political to religioiis affiliation. 
Israel has long promised full 
freedom of access to holy sites 

and rdigjous autonomy. 
beUn ■" 

gated questions to be resolved 

fore the vote can go ahead. 
The key ones concern Jerusalem. 
In their secret Oslo accord, the 
two rides agreed that Arab resi- 
dents of Jerusalem could “partici- 
pate," which the Israelis contend 

The United States is not as yet 
involved in the issues of how to 
hold elections, but it should en- 
courage the Israelis to be forth- 
coming, because tins win be tire 
best way to consolidate achieve- 
ments so far. 

Nabil Shaath, the chief FLO 
negotiator, has introduced anoth- 
er ghmnk± to hold off deadlocks. 
He calls it “rules of the game.” 
under which each side is consid- 
ered free to state what its ultimate 
position wffl be when talks move 
to the last stage for a permanent 

settlement, without prejudicing 
current stands. Israd can hold to 
proclaiming royereigoty m ail of 
Jerusalem as its “eternal capital” 
and the FLO cam proclaim its fu- 
ture capital in Joumtem without 
blocking intermediate accords. 

This is useful But it shows the 
importance of moving onqmckly 
to tbude about innovative ap- 
proaches for the city’s future. 

The original United Nations 
■ to internationalize Jerusa- 
is obsolete and must be 
dropped.- Both sides -agree on 
that. And already Israeli peace 
supporters recognize that some 
way most be found to accommo- 
date Arab emotions, Arab 
claims, Arab sdf-rulem the city. 
PLO peace supporters accept 
that the city cannot again be 

physically divided. 

For nearly a decade, John 

occupied the: 

Beignnnhad second thoughts only 
shortly before Rwanda and Bu- 
rundi gained independence, un- 
der UN pressure, in 1962. There $ 
was a Hutu uprising in Rwanda 
in 1959-1960, bringing them to 
power, while in Burundi, thanks 
to Ttitsi domination of the mili- 
taiy. the Tutsis continued to rule, 
even after independence. 

Hie present fighting therefore 
must be seen as a class struggle as 
wdl ns an ethnic war. And the 
question that must be asked is 
whether the Rwandan Patriotic 

a bittcriy^K^ed*’ and^mutoally 
murderous population, can last- 
ingly reimpose its rule, over the 
rest. Restoration of democracy 
would amply put it back out of 
power. Tins consideration par- 
tially explains France’s past sup- 
port for the Hots government. 

dent of. Burundi is Hutu wh^etbe 
army is Tutsi Since the assassina- 
tion of the presidents of both 
countries on April 6, which 
launched the massacres in Rwan- 
da, Burundi has undergone a des- 

Whxtbeck, an fnWTniwtTnnal law- 
yer in Paris, has argued for “two succession stru ggle between 

They Need Help and Not Dismissal 

By Lloyd Cutler 


Fiske on the suicade of Vincent 
Foster, who had been deputy 
White House counsel contains 
a significant and disturbing 
paragraph that has gone laigdy 
unnoticed. It reads as follows: 
“Lisa Foster recalls that dur- 


mg that same week [her hus- 
lis Lean had 

band] told her that his I 
been 'pounding.' Records re- 
flect that on Friday, July 16, he 
went to the White House medi- 
cal unit to have his blood pres- 
sure taken, which was recorded 
as 132/84. On the same day, 
Foster called his aster, Sheila, 
and told her he was battling 
depression for the first time in 
his life and did not know what 
to do about it. Sheila Anthony 
described Foster's voice as tight 
and strained. She asked him to 
let her contact a psychiatrist 
and set up an appointment for 
him. Foster told Irer that he was 
hesitant to see a psychiatrist be- 
cause it could jeopardize his 
White House security clearance. 
Sheila Anthony said that she 
wonld discuss this concern with 
the psychiatrist before making 
any appointment." 

Mr. Foster never saw a psychi- 
atrist Four days later he took his 
own life. Trqpcaliy, Mr. Rasta's 
hesitancy was justified. Since re- 

to the White House 
rs office, I have learned 
that for positions requiring secu- 
rity clearance, government ques- 
tknmaires still ask whether a pro- 
spective employee has consulted 
a psychiatrist. If the answer is 
yes, the FBI and other security 
checkers insist on the subject’s 
consent to see the psychiatrist 
and obtain ftdl disclosure of his 
or her oondunoox. 

As Vincent Foster surely 
knew, many security checkers 
consider that consulting a psy- 
chiatrist is a blemish that re- 
quires exhaustive investigation 
into the subject’s mental stability 
and vulnerability to blackmail I 
have had to decide, as Mr. Foster 
probably did, whether someone's 
admission of more than one set 
of psychiatric consultations was 
a baas for denying that person 
a security clearance. 

Such a view might have been 
understandable once. But it 
makes little sense today, when 
most health plans — in clud i ng 
the plans the government offers 
its employees — cover some 
psychiatric oonsultatidn. Surely 
consultation conk! have helped 
someone like Vincent Foster to 
be a more effective public ser- 
vant. For the severely de- 

education about their 
and the potential for 
treatment is extremely usefuL 
In one case, a security chocker 
asked a prospective employee 
whether be and his. spouse had 
ever consulted a mamagp coun- 
selor, in order to determine 
whether the employee had had 
an extramarital affair and might 
be subject to blackmail 
I would have thought the gov- 
ernment would want to improve 
the mental health of its employ- 
ees. Psychiatric consultation usu- 
ally improves mental health. In 
most cases, it is not an indicator 
of the severe types of mental 

disorder that cmiki endange r rjq- 
tional security. U.S. security pro- 
cesses need to be more tolerant 
of visits to mental health piofes- 
sonals. They should not instill 
the kind of fear that made Vin- 
cent Foster hesitate to consult a 
psychiatrist who just might have 
saved his life. 

Fortunately, this serious 
question is now under a govern- 
ment-wide review began before 
the Fiske report was published. 
If it leads to a broader accep- 
tance of the idea that an occa- 
sional series of psychiatric con- 
sultations is not a risk to 
national security, then Vincent 
Foster’s death will at least have 
taught ns a valuable l*w m. 

The Washingan East, 

states, one capital” what he calls 
a “condoamrinm solution” tout 
would be tire “best second choice 
for everybody.” There are varia- 
tions on the head-cradting thane. 
Mr. Whitbeck is right that the time 
has come to discuss them and pre- 
pare for inevitable compromise: 
Peace cannot be faced on still 
waty enemies. But the rest of the 
wood’s eager yearmng for them to 
achieve it is an important dement 

m reinforcing the Bnfunent nm . 

Mr. Rabin says he needs more 

time to move his people to accept 
K ^ 

the constraints that peace 
bring along with rosy opportuni- 
ty. Mr. Arafat says he needs more 
money to convince his people of 
the bene fits the y can expect with 
those constraints. There is some 
at both available. 

The movement is pro gre ssing 
from words to deeds, at last 
© Flora Lewis. 

extremists in both 
The -fear today is *h^t the 
willnot ?tay peaceful but will end 
in massacres like those in Rwanda. 

In principle, what is necessary 
now is redeployed humanitarian 
help for the refugees, wherever 
they are. Next is a United Na- 
tions force to take over from tbe£ 
French, to make plain the disin- ■ 
forested nature of the interna- 
tional effort. Third is prosecu- 
tion of those who instigated and 
committed genocide. Fourth is 
diplomatic action and, if possi- 
ble, an international presence, 
in Burundi, to deter a genoridal 
explosion there. ■ - 

Of th ese four desiderata, only . 
the first and — with delays and 
without grace ■ — the second are 
Ekely to be supplied by the inter- 
national co mmuni ty. 

International Herald Tribune. 



1894c Railway Strike - 

NEW YORK — Eugene Dcbs's 
proposition to call the PnBman 
Company strike off if the men 
were reinstated was returned to 
him unopened and unanswered. 
The railway managers unani- 
mously resolved to hold no com- 
munication with the men who 
waged war on the railways. Mr. 
Debs and Mr. Sovereign talk of 
fighting to the bitter end, of not 
hokfing themselves responsible 
for what follows, Ac. Bnt . the 
unions, are falling away .from 
them. The budding trades unions 
of Chicago, with 25,000 members, 
have declared their strike oft - 

feat, but of their permanent 
downfalL They may aspire to be 
readmitted to. the community of . 
civilized peoples as an equal; they 
never can hope to recover thqf 
position erf preponderance. Never 
wiUtbewortd accept the Prussian 
doctrine that might is righ t. 

1919; Paris Fetes Yfctaiy 

PARIS — We are told that the 
Germans do not admit they have 
been defeated. The mffitaiy pag- 
eant of yesterday [July 14] is the 
living proof not only of their de- 

1944s A. German Appeal 

NEW YORK — [Fran our New 
York edition:] The German Pro" 
paganda Minister, Dr. Paul Jo- 
seph Goebbris, has declared ini 
this week’s issue of'fhe. Codon/ 
magazine “Das Rekfc” thai^ Gtz~ 
many and her enemies alike 
“wmn peace and calm,” acdoid- 
mg to a summary broadcast by 
the Berim radio. The Office <rf 
War Information, in " reporting 
the article yesterday piny 14fc . 
interpreted it as “an implicit ap* 
peal to the United States and 
Britain to soften their demands 
for unconditional surrender.” 



Page 5 

Ukraine’s Dangerous Divide 

O KOPJE, Macedonia — The 
y inauguration of President- 
dect Leonid Kuchma on Tues- 
day win represent a leap into 
the dark for Ukraine^ He de- 
meo on Wednesday that he ever 
wanted to make Ukraine “part 
« the Russian empire,’' but 
Western diplomats in Kiev 
worry about a resurrection of 
political ties between the two 
largest Slay nations, because 
western Ukraine would fiercely 
resist such a move. 

And “if Ukraine ruptures,” 
a senior diplomat said, “the 
whole of Central Europe and 
the Black Sea region goes up 
with it" 

Kuchma did not expHcxtly can 


committed to a unitary 
state with a Ukrainian 
consciousness. The east 

a foreign country. A 
nature could shake 
all of Central Europe. 

for reintegrating Ukraine with 
its former master. But he prom- 
ised closer economic coopera- 
tion with Russia to ease the pri- 
vations in Ins own constituency, 
the Rusrian-speakmg, heavily 
industrialized eastern Ukraine. 

Mr. Kuchma pledged in a 
news conference Wednesday to 
reduce taxes: “We are crushing 
producers. We must ease the 
pressure on them." 

Contrary to the dawm of the 
defeated president, Leonid 
Kravchuk, whom many blame 
for the country’s dire economic 
performance since it became in- 

By Misha Glenny 

dependent in 1991, Mr. Kuchma 
nraimams that he is committed 
to Ukrainian independence. 

Before the West invokes the 
demons of Yugoslavia, Mr. 
Kuchma deserves its full sup- 
port as he tries to steer Ukraine 
through the rough waters 
ahead. He must be judged as 
much on his proclaimed com- 
mitment to economic reform as 
on his handling of sovereignty. 

But indepeaiderice is the over- 
riding issue. WbcnUkraine un- 
expectedly jumped the sinking 
Soviet step, Weston govern: 
meats were reluctant to recog- 
nize the new country, whose in- 
habitants once made up a 
- quartet of the Sovte population. 
Russia still refuses to believe 
that Ukrainians want to free 

themselves from its embrace. 

But the greatest threat to in- 
dependence is posed by the 
Ukrainians themselves. The 
histories and traditions of east- 
ern and western Ukraine are so 
different that the creation of a 
democratic, independent 
Ukraine involves unifying two 
countries. The main problem is 
the profoundly differing inter- 
pretations of statehood. 

The western region is commit- 
ted to a unitary state with, a 
distinctly Ukrainian national 
consciousness. The east barely 
considers Russia a foreign coun- 
try. Except in Crimea, however, 
there is no mass movement for 
unification with Russia. 

President Boris Yeltsin has 
refused to give the Crimean 
parliament’s thinly disguised 
secession program his backing. 

Absurdly, most politicians 
deny the existence of any east- 
west division. When Mr. 
Kuchma declared this week 
that “to say there is a confron- 
tation between east and west is 
a game," he stewed political 

wisdom. He is keenly aware of 
the deepsuspicaon of him in 
western Ukraine. 

In Lvov, the western capital, 
Volodya Pankiev, editor of 
Post-Postup, Ukraine’s finest 
Hberal weekly, said, “Kuchma's 
victory will prompt a further 
radicalization of nationalist 
sentiment here." 

Mr. Kuchina must therefore 
avoid any temptation to feder- 
al Ukraine — that is, devolve 
powers to the regions at the 
expense of the government He 
has flirted with the idea, which 
has conriderable support in the 
east, but has not unreservedly 
committed himself to it 

Federalization would heat up 
the political temperature in the 
west and greatly complicate 
economic reforms. 

Politicians in Lvov insist that 
federalization would provoke a 
breakup of the country and in- 
crease chances of a cml war or 
Russian-Uk rainian war. 

Although Mr. Kravchuk dis- 
played cunning in transforming 
the ejection campaig n into a 
virtual referendum on indepen- 
dence, Ms strategy faded, be- 
cause of his appalling economic 
record. Living standards have 
plummeted. The average 
monthly wage is $80. Industrial 
production has dropped as 
much as SO percent The east 
where heavy industry is con- 
centrated, is especially hard hit. 

Ukrainian officials have 
prattled endlessly about the 
need for reform. Surrounded 
by countries that are pursuing 
more vibrant economic mod- 
ernization, Ukraine is becom- 
the rick man of the : 
r. Kravchuk, who 1 
ideology secretary of the Com- 
munist Party, remained an unre- 
constructed Communist inter- 
ested not so much in reform as 
in preserving or adapting eco- 
nomic structures dating from 
the Soviet period. His policies 

A Sad Announcement 
On the Death of Print 

By Richard Reeves 


sustaining the privileges of the 
old bureaucracy discouraged the 
development of a market econo- 
my and drove entrepreneurs 
into the underground economy. 

Alexander Paskhaver of the 
independent Center for Eco- 
nomic Reforms, is Kiev, says 
half of all economic activity 'is 
illegal- Ironically, the under- 
ground economy has developed 
impressive capitalist practices. 

But Mr. Kuchma faces a ma- 
jor obstacle if be acts to legalize 
and regulate reform; his own 
parliament. Such a change 
would force a constitutional 
showdown because of the 
blurred lines of authority be- 
tween parliament and president. 

Chi Monday, Mr. Kuchma 

called for a new constitution to 
replace the Soviet one and con- 
solidate presidential power. 
Parliament’s neo-Co mm uni si 
speaker, Oleksandr Moroz, is 
leading a campaign to reduce 
that power. This is likely to 
produce a collision with the 
Communists, the dominant 
bloc, who want to preserve 
their influence. 

Mr. Kuchma is eager to enlist 
Western help, and this week he 
got some. The decision of the 
Group of Seven industrialized 
democracies to give Ukraine S4 
billion in assistance to stabilize 
the economy was timely and 
wise. The offer is conditional on 
the passage of reforms. 

Whatever lumps the Clinton 

administration is taking for its 
Bosnia policy, it is showing ma- 
turity in its policy toward 
Ukraine. It is developing a 
large embassy staffed by very 
competent Foreign Service offi- 
cers m Kiev. And to avoid an- 
tagonizing Moscow, it sensibly 
recognizes the primacy of Rus- 
sian- Ukrainian relations. 

The Group of Seven’s pledge 
gives Mr. Kuchma an incentive 
to get down to serious business. 
If be does not, or cannot, the 
alternative — economic col- 
lapse and the disintegration of 
Ukraine — will be a nightmare. 

The writer, author of “ The Fall 
of Yugoslavia contributed this 
comment to The New Yak Times. 


Regarding “Back to History 
as Usual, Which Means Genuine 
Complexity ” ( Opinion, Jufy 7) 
by William Pfaff: 

Mr. Pfaffs assessments are 
usually right cm the mark, but in 
this piece, he seems to lose 
heart. He sets forth several pos- 
sibilities for a “common thane” 
for coordinated action by the 
big democracies in dealing with 
a changed and troubling world 
but in, the. qid* dismisses, than 
aB (rightly) and teDs us (wrong- 
ly) that “tiving with complex- 
ity is very hard. We are back to 
the “usual disorder of history” 
and well have to get used to it, 
presumably using the same bad 
old tods. 

Mr. Ffaff neglects to mention 
one broad vision for the new era 
which be treated (IHT, June 26, 
1991) in reporting James Baker’s 
call in Benin far a “common- 
wealth of democracies." And 
Anthony Lake, the national se- 
curity adviser, said last August 
that the Clinton administration’s 
policy is to “edaige tbs commu- 
nity of market democracies.” 

Nice words by two adminis- 
trations, but so far just words. 
Isn’t it time to ask what this 
idea of “commonwealth” or 
“comm u nity 1 * should mean to- 
day, and then to chart out a 
broad new set of principles, in- 
stitutions and programs for the 
democracies sufficient to the 
tasks ahead? 

Surely a - robust “common 
theme" should combine democ- 
racy (which Mr. Pfaff men- 
tions) as the only solid base on 
which to -build domestic stabil- 
ity of states, so that they are 
capable of taking full part in a 
new international order. 

* The second pillar of a new 
“common theme,” coupled with 
the democracy principle, 
should be community buildmg 

something the west has 

shown great talari far in the 
Cold War years, and which now 
requires amplification and a 
new start Experience suggests 

that democracy itself must be a 
key feature of these new institu- 
tions and processes. 

' In short, Mr. Pfaff is right 
when he says, “There is no an- 
gle threat today,” but wrong to 
add that there is no single an- 
swer. The problems are 
and difficult. Bui if the 
term objective is to help 
democracy and to knit the de- 
mocracies together in an inter- 
national system that includes 
them all, and which can gradu- 
ally grow together with the uni- 
versal system, then the policies 
and programs to deal with the 
problems wfll fall into place. 
This ira^m^riihswer — we 
just haven’t tried it under new 
and admittedly complex or- ' 

We need a new vision. Mr. 
Pfaff should not lose heart 

• Bainhridge Island, 

The writer is a retired U.S. 
diplomat md former president of 
the Atlantic Council of the- Unti- 
ed States. 

NATO Isn’t Neceaeary 

Regarding “ Useful Questions 
About the Partnership for 
JPeace" (Opinion, July 4), by Ste- 
phen S. Rosenfeld: 

Cut through the fog, says 
Senator Richard Lugar of Indi- 
ana. Take the Poles, Hungar- 
ians, Czechs and Slovaks off the 
“side track” of the Partnership 
for Peace and put them on the 
“fast track” for associate and 
then full NATO membership. I 
say, lot’s really cut through the 
fog, taking them and afl the 
other Partners for Peace, as well 
as current NATO members, off 
the track entirely- - 

After all, the Warsaw Pact is 
no more. Why do we need a 
“NATO Pact"? Who is the ene- 
my? TteCrntralBo r c^ ^ 
thrnlf it is still Russia, with its 
imperial ambitions. If NATO 
m emb ers echo this view, then 
why let the wolf in among the 
sheep by bringing Russia into 
the fold as a “special member”? 
What great conflict is expected 
to be resolved by NATO’s nucle- 
ar shield or, for that matter, its 
tactical forces? It has not been 
relevant in Bosnia and it certain- 

ly win not be in Poland or, face 
it, anywhere else in Europe. - 

The best road for Central Eu- 
ropeans to follow toward inte- 
gration in Western structures is 
speedy membership in the Eu- 
ropean Union, where evolution 
from demand to market econo- 
mies wiD be accelerated. This 
offers the best chance for a se- 
cure and prosperous future. 

Dismemberment of NATO 
would make Russians less 
apprehensive about the West’s 
'intentions, and could accelerate 
Ihrirmoteniait toward a market 
economy, while bringing further 
cuts In then armed forces. 



Why Americans Eight 

Regarding “Rad Precedents 
Make for Weak American 
Thinking About War" (Opinion, 
Jufy 7) by Jim Hoagland: 

What is weak about Ameri- 
can thinking about war is the 
lack of awareness of why and 
when Americans are witling to 
fight. Historically, Americans: 

• Must see war as the abso- 
lute last recourse. Far Europe- 
ans, war has for centuries bon 
“politics by other means." 
Fight a little, negotiate a little, 
sometimes fight a lot. For 
Americans Jt is the failure of 
politics. The QvD War could 
nave been fought in 2840, but a 
series of political compromises 
kept it at bay until aB compro- 
mises had run out. 

• Must perceive a moral cru- 
sade. The Civil War and the two 
world wars dearly established 
that Americans wfll fight for 
great principles: for democracy 
and freedom and tolerance, 
against fascism and totalitar- 
ianism and persecution. 

• Cannot accept sending 
men as cannon fodder. Abra- 
ham Lincoln’s re-election in 
1864 was gravely threatened by 
the casualties incurred try Gen- 
eral Ulysses S. Grant as he kept 
after General Robert E. Lee. 
Casualties without results cre- 
ate national trauma (Vietnam). 

• Prefer a classic set piece 
(the Gulf War) to a messy insur- 
gency (Vietnam, Somalia). 


• And are not ruthless. 

The conclusion is, when 
Americans go to war it is all or 
nothing. Roosevelt shocked 
Churchill in Casablanca in 1 943 
imilatoaBy declaring that 
Allies would accept only the 
unconditional surrender of 
Germany. That displayed a per- 
fectly American attitude: war is 
absolute. A halfway approach 
troubles America. The Korean 
War was halfway but anti- 
Communist fervor kept it on 
course. Vietnam was irretriev- 
ably halfway and led to failure. 

Now to Bosnia: It is a nasty, 
videos war that defies rational 
thinkin g. The situation has ex- 
isted for a thousand years. The 
moral ambiguity of the current 
conflict, in which Serbs are seen 
as the immoral perpetrator, can 
be seen in the Croatian use of 
concentration camps in World 
War II, where hundreds of 
thousands of Sabs perished. 

The practical question there 
is whether Americans would be 
ruthless enough to bring order. 
Remember, in World war II, 
the Yugoslavs had one of the 
most ferocious and successful 
resistance movements, even in 
the face of German ruthless- 
ness. So if Americans moved in, 
they would be courting failure 
— preordained by history. 



The myth reiterated by Mr. 
Hoagland that the United 
States “has the only real inter- 
vention capacity” merely serves 
to camouflage aspects of the 
real world that urgently need to 
be acknowledged. 

The problem is not military 
insufficiency for broadly based 
international intervention in lo- 
cal ware. The problem is that 
there are only three daunting 
alternatives: prevention or 
mandatory settlement of local 
disputes, based on newly de- 
vised, universally equitable 
principles of international law; 
chaos; and hegemony. 

We must decide which alter- 
native is least unpalatable, be- 
cause “fudging” wfll not work. 



Voices From the Right 

Regarding the comment by 
Michael Harrison (Opinion, 
Jufy 12 X It’s not that “The 
Voces of America Are Disgust- 
ed,” as the title put it, but 
that “The Voices of America 
Are Disgusting." 

Skulking behind the cloak of 
“mdependence” (They’re not 
“conservative” — heaven for- 
fend!), Mr. Harrison stamps 
through the knee-jerk litany of 
the far right, missing only the 
Eleanor Roosevelt and Hillary 
Rodham Gin ton shibboleths. 

Isn’t it time we called this 
gaggle of screamers to account? 



Fear Would Help 

Regarding France Tightens 
Drunk-Driving Law” ( July 1): 

Knowing that French driv- 
ers must limi t themselves to 
“one aperitif and a half bottle 
of wine" per meal before 
speeding off with virtual impu- 
nity, often well over the limit 
on highways of 130 kilometers 
pa hour (80 mph), is hardly 
reassuring to our family as we 
venture onto the roads of this 
beautiful country. The best in- 
centive for safe driving is fear 
of getting caught, but rarely do 
we see police on the road. Why 
not beef up their presence or 
establish a true “police dt la 
route’"! The cost could be offset 
by revenue from fines and in- 
directly by reduced unemploy- 
ment and decreased sociaJ 
costs related to traffic acci- 
dents, now quite enormous. 

S. and C. HENZE. 

Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. 

York — The question on 
(he table during dinner the 
other night was "The end of 
print!" More precisely: 
“When exactly did television 
replace newspapers as the 
dominant medium in Ameri- 
can journalism?” 

Where you stood on that 
question, asked during an easy 
summer dinner of old friends, 
depended on where you sat 
I thought the shift did not 
come until the late 1 970s, when 


satellite transmission gave the 
networks the ability to broad- 
cast live from almost anyplace 
where they could send in cam- 
eras. But perhaps I just repre- 
sented the newspaper addicts 
who, like me as a kid, watched 
Yankees- Dodgers World Series 
games on television then rushed 
out to buy the papers to see if 
what we saw really happened, 
Bfll Beutel of WABC-TV in 
New York, the big town’s most 
enduring anchor, said he 
thought the changeover came 
much earlier , at the beginning 
of the 1960s, when President 
John Kennedy exploited and 
exalted the new medium with 
live press conferences — by- 
passing the old dons of Wash- 
ington journalism, nen who 
won Pulitzer Prizes for “exclu- 
sive” presidential interviews, 
dependent on the kindness and 
nods of whoever happened to 
be in the White House. 

Gay Fdka, who did a lot to 
keep print journalism vital with 
his creation of New York Mag- 
azine in 1968, was somewhere 
in the middle. That was appro- 
priate, since part of his formula 
was to focus on television 
not as a news medium but as 
a news-maker. 

That is the way I remember 
it, anyway. Print, for a long 
time, remained dominant part- 
ly by analyzing television or 
what it showed, and partly be- 
cause newspapers were the 
principal source for television 
news operations heavy with old 
newspapermen like Waller 
Craniate and David Brinkley. 
Television news for a long time 
was insecure and rather defen- 
sive about what it did — old 
print-types wanted print ap- 
proval for their new endeavors. 

In fact, one of the important 
books about network news, “Air 
Time: The Inside Story of CBS 
News," by Gary Paul Gates in 
1978, recounts meeting after 
meeting in which CBS bosses 
decided what to do each night 
about the stories in the morn- 
ing's New York Times. Like me 
as a kid, they still didn’t believe 
it unless it was in print. 

But that was long ago in elec- 
tronic time. The subtext of the 
evening's conversation was: 
“Print Is dead!" 

That was bad enough. But 
it got worse the next day when 
I repealed some of this to Ste- 
ven Brill, who began as a writ- 
er ai Mr. Felker’s New York 
Magazine and went on to 
found The American Lawyer 
and Court TV. 

His own television net- 
work’s role in the O. J. Simp- 
son case is part of the reason 
print seems irrelevant now. 

Mr. Brill said that for him, 
a print fanatic who has The 
New York Tunes sent by Fed- 
eral Express if he cannot find 
it on a local newsstand, the 
end of the era came during the 
Gulf War three years ago. 

“I watched CNN and I real- 
ized there was no reason to 
read The Times's war cover- 
age." he said. “Who cares what 
happened 12 hours ago, when 
you're looking at what’s bap- 
pening now?” 

Not exactly. What we were 
looking at then was what the 
government allowed us to see. 
Then, with reporters locked 
in hotel ballrooms, hostages 
of military briefing officers, 
the print-to-electronic cycle 
was completed. 

It was exactly the reverse of 
the old days. Print was reduced 
to reporting on what was on 
television the day before. Pen- 
tagon-controlled television. 

So, what Mr. Brill and 1 were 
talking about went beyond the 
death of print. Norman 
Schwarzkopf or O. J. Simpson 

— this is the death of journal- 
ism. Or, I might say, a tear in 
my eye, the end of journalists 

— people like me. 

One of the hallmarks of 
both Gulf War and Simpson 
coverage was the hiring of out- 
side “experts" — retired sol- 
diers or lawyers with time to 
act as the Intermediaries or 
fillers between the important 
stuff: live action, new film, 
government announcements 
and commercials. 

Of course, it breaks my heart 
to write this. But it was fun 
while it lasted. It’s stfll fun, but 
I'm not sure it means a heck of 
a lot anymore. 

Well, I belter gel back to the 
television and see if there's any- 
thing new. Not news, just new. 

Universal Press Syndicate. 

Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed “Letters to the 
Editor” and contain the writer's 
signature, name and full address. 
Letters should be brief and are 
subject to editing We cannot be 
responsible for the return of unso- 
licited manuscripts. 



By Michael Byrnes. 272 pages. 
$20. Allen and Unwin. 

Reviewed by 
Philip Bowring 

T HE sympathetic observer 
of Australia's relations with 
its Asian neighbors is often 
hard put to decide which of two 
widespread attitudes is the 
more demeaning to the coun- 
try: the “old style” patronizing 
approach of the rich white 
member of the English-speak- 
ing club toward developing 
Asian neighbors, or the newer- 
f angled defensive, apologetic 
Australia trying desperately to 
“mesh with Asia," replacing the 
old cultural cringe toward Brit- 
ain and its royal family with 
forelock tugging before Austra- 
Ha-bash ere like Singapore's Lee 
Kuan Yew. 

This book comes as refresh- 


• Petter Naess, librarian erf 
the Reference Service at the 
U.S. Embassy in Oslo, is read- 
ing Nicholson Baker’s novel 
“The Fermata ." 

“There’s a lot of great writing 
but it’s basically a pretty filthy 
book. The Mezzanine,’ his first 
bode, embodies all of his best 
qualities as a writer, without the 
lurid crowd-pleasing stuff that 
can become rather distracting. ” 
(Brad Spurgeon, IHT) 

ingly hardheaded look at the 
relationship long characterized 
on the Australian ride either by 
ignorance or by well-meaning 
but simple- minded enthusiasm. 
Few Australians have been bet- 
ter placed than to observe it 
than Byrnes, who spent most of 
the past two decades based in 
Tokyo, Jakarta. Manila and 
Hong Kong as correspondent 




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Puri* ey A. J. Sms 

C New York Times Edited by Will Shorty 

By Alan Tmscott 

E AST opened one heart and 
South boldly overcalled 
with two dubs, not everyone's 
choice by any means. It was 
now far from dear to East-West 
that they should bid to four 
hearts, and that contract would 
fail if South held the diamond 
Icing — a likely possibility in 
view of the vulnerable overran 
So East-West sold out to four 
dubs, and it was not easy to 
judge to double. Nor was it easy 
to defend. West chose the rou- 
tine lead of the bean seven, and 
there was no way for the de- 
fease to take more than four 
tricks, for down one. East won 
the heart ace and shifted to a 
trump. South won and led a 
spade, and when West put up 
his ace and led the diamond ten. 
South played low from dummy, 
and happily found that East 
had to win the trick. South 
eventually threw a diamond los- 
er on a spade winner in the 

West could not be expected 
to hit on a diamond lead, but in 
the circumstances the heart 
king, rather than the seven, 
would have been a good choice. 
This would have allowed him to 

hold the lead and shift to a 
diamond, so that the defense 
would lake three diamond 
tricks before South could make 
use of dummy’s spades. That 
defense, collecting 200, would 
have given North-South 69 out 
of a possible 100. That contract 
makes an overtrick if East takes 
an early diamond finesse, since 
dummy’s ten takes care of a 
spade loser. 

As it was, North-South lost 
100 and scored 91 points en 
route to victory. 

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West ted the bean seven. 

of the Financial Review, Aus- 
tralia’s business daily. 

“Meshing with Aria” may 
have been a theme of Prime 
Minister Paul Keating’s re-elec- 
tion last year, but Byrnes is all 
too aware that such talk has 
been heard off and on at least 
since the election of Gough 
Whitlam in 1972. What has 
been achieved in that time? 
Byrnes, while acknowledging 
changes in Australian attitudes, 
figures it has learned Httle over 
the years in how to deal with 

Byrnes takes readers through 
a few major episodes to show 
how Australia’s urge to develop 
“friends” and trade relations in 
Aria has been consistently used 
by Asian countries to get the 
better of Australia. In bfllion- 
dollar iron and coal deals in the 
*7 0s and ‘80s, Australia’s gull- 
ible belief in free markets en- 
abled Japanese buyers, united 
and prepared to trade short- 
term loss for long-term bargain- 
ing power, to run rings around 
Australian producers. He notes 
that the one time Australians 
were forced into unity by a na- 
tionalistic min erals minis ter. 
Rex Connor, in 1974, they woe 
remarkably successful in nego- 
tiating with Japan. But it did 
not last 

The desire to buy “friend- 
ship” with China led to deals 
that unnecessarily gave China 
huge price concessions and a 
shipping monopoly as well. In 
fact, Byrnes makes a powerful 
nationalist case that with an 
Asian-style virion and national 
purpose Australia could have 
built a huge steel, shipbuilding 
and shipping industry down- 
stream from its minerals. 

He also takes his compatriots 

to task for allowing policies to- 
ward Aria to be set by diplo- 
mats interested in smooth rela- 
tions and the praise of their 
Asian colleagues rather than 
.defending Australia’s beliefs in 
its own systems and values. He 
notes that Australia has gained 
no more respect as a result. 

Some of this lack of respect is 
induced by self images such as 
that propagated by the amiable 
but uncouth Crocodile Dundee, 
or the mostly now-bankrupt 
1980s Australian entrepreneurs 
like Alan Bond. Bui Byrnes is 
outraged by some of the abuse 
heaped on Australia for being 
“racist" by individuals and gov- 
ernments notorious for race- 
based attitudes and policies. 

Indeed, one of the ironies of 
Australia's now self-conscious- 
ly nonracial immigration poli- 
cies is that it ends up effectively 
selling its passports to Chinese 
from Hong Kong and South- 
east Asia looking for safe ha- 
vens but whose attitudes to 
brown and black people are 
sometimes reminiscent of white 
Australia at its worst. 

immigration is an important 
part of Australia’s attempts to 
Arianizc itself, and has had re- 
markable success. But a pre- 
dominantly white Australia still 
stands out in a region where 
nations are aggressively homo- 
geneous, like Korea. Japan and 
China, or where race is an im- 
portant ingredient in domestic 

This book at times seems un- 
duly jaundiced by ibe author's 
years at the sharp end of Aus- 
txalia-Asia relations. At times it 
seems to smack of American 
“revisionist” writings on Japan 
and is weakened by special 
pleadings for more support for 
Australian journalists m Indo- 
nesia- But it is a well-informed, 
well-argued contribution to a 
topic whose import goes be- 
yond Australia and Aria to the 
relationships between dynamic 
East Asia and its Pacific nagh- 
bors to the east (the Americas) 
as well as the south. 

Intemzlional Herald Tribune 

in Grant B ritain 
lost aril to i fre e r 
0 800 89 S965 

, *.» TO. mki 

. International Herald Tribune 
\ Friday , July 15, 1994 

Page 6 

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C. y *' %' -v 

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By Jane Harrigan 

L istvyanka, Russia — in a 

village of carved wooden booses 
cm the shore of the world's deep- 
est Iftlfft, a man narrwt Slava 

waits outside a rustic church for tourists to 
buy his birchbark boxes. As he carefully 
.packs the delicate cylinders for their jour- 
ney, be talks of his former life as a journal- 
ist, his hlarklistfnp by the KGB, and his 
unexpected j oy in his sew craft 
“My spirit is inside each box,” he says, 
“and now my spirit will fly with you all 
over the world.” 

A few years ago, Slava would have wait- 
ed in vain outside St Nicholas Church in 
Listvyanka, Siberia, for travelers to trans- 
port his spirit Almost since the first Rus- 
sians crossed the Urals in the 16th centu- 
ry, Siberia has been viewed as no man's 
land, cot off from the world. But today 
more and more Western travelers are 
Inrdrfng to Russia’s “Wild East,” the five 
mini on square miles (13 million square 
kilometers) that make up Siberia. 

On a map of this region, one blue swath 
in the south-center draws the eye. This is 
Lake Baikal, about 400 miles (650 kilome- 
ters) long, SO miles across at its widest 
point and more than a mile deep. It is 
home to 2^00 species of plants and ani- 
mals, including 1,500 to 2,000 species 
found nowhere else. It’s the world’s deep- 
est lake, and since much of the world's 
fresh water is polluted, some scientists say 
Baikal may hold 60 or even 80 percent of 
the drinkable water on the planet 
dearly, the lake is a crucial resource that 
may one day become a major tourist at- 
traction. But for now, Baikal is for people 

willing to risk a little discomfort in the 
name of adventure. We were just such a 
soup. Seventeen of us, ranging mage from 
39 to 79, explored Lake Baikal on a 16-day 
trip sponsored by the Society for the Pro- 
tection of New Hampshire Forests that 
included a five-day excursion on the lake. 

After a 12-hour Aeroflot journey from 
Moscow (six hours in the air, six ou the 
ground), we arrived in Irkutsk, where Si- 
beria immediately started shattering ste- 
reotypes. With 600,000 residents, Irkutsk 
is only half the sire of Siberia's largest 
cities. More surprising still, given our fro- 
zen Dr. Zhivago images, the temperature 
hit 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 centigrade) 
on the summer afternoon we arrived. 

Our guide, Grigory Voskobochnik 
(nicknamed Grisha) was friendly, funny, 
well informed and embarrassingly fluent in 
Fji gKsh He showed us the mighty Angara, 
the only river that flows out of Lake Baikal; 

■ With Culture Minister Jacques 
Toubon campaigning to eliminate 
English words from the French 

to the Hytee Palace's garden parly 
— the president’s traditional July 14 
fftte — as, well , la garden party. 
From now on, it has to be called une 
reception en plan air , or an open-air 
reception, according to a front-page 
cartoon in the president’s 
newsletter. Ana the name or the 
publication? Stop the presses! It’s 
the Elys6e Reporter. 




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cabins. With no roads and no deetzidty, 
the place was intensely sQeot. Peschanaya 
Bay, one of the few resorts on Baikal, can’t 
be reached by road either, and for accom- 
modation h offers only narrow metal bar- 
racks without kitchens or baths. StilL the 
place was crowded. 

At Khnzir an OUchan Island, we were 
invited for tea at the home of one of the 
residents. Later, we caught up with the. 
group at the local museum, that hiked oat 
of town to windswept bluffs offering the 
most awe-inspiring scenery yet For die 
40th time in a week, 1 dredged up Siberian 
images of barren steppe and forced-labor 
camps and consigned them to my mental 
trash heap. 

On our last full day on the lake, we 
awoke at dawn and arranged ourselves 
around the aft deck of the Zaisan, straining 
through binoculars for a glimpse of the 

cnaatuie that had Mimiwyn ari ik in Sib eria: 
the nerpa, the world's only freshwater seal. 
But as the hours passed we saw nothing but 

seagulls. Suddenly the voice of Ben Quick, 
our American gmde, rose urgoatly from fee 
fatedeck. “Get down herer be shbeted, 
and we too k off nmnm^ Jri the^ mkhfle at 
thededrlay aseal, stanngiqywithaaleful 

eyes as it tned to ^iake the rape off its right 
rear flipper. The moments or cultural dif- 
ference had come thick and fast since we~ 
arrived in Siberia, but this one was a classic. 
As the Russians on the deck saki proudly: 
“Look! We brought you ascaH” the Ameri- 
cans said, almost in umson, “Let rt go!” 
Gradually, we realized what tm^have^ 
happened. Earlier that morning , -two park 
rangers had motored up mditportedihat 
a fimr crew in the area hadn’t seta a single 

But the day of the seal was a discovery of a 
different sort With Grisha interpreting, 
we spent a long evening with Ivan Ivano- 
vich, die leathery park ranger who bad 
never before served as tour guide. Slowly, 
as we talked^ we began to understand the 
.reyercnre wift which he. viewed the lake, 
and he began io understand the expecta- 
tions that accompany tiw American con- 
cept of “eco-toarism.” 

seal far days. The Zaisan crew ; probafciy 
told therangers that the American tourists., 
had better, see a nerpa, or else. So the 
rangers rode off and returned, with one, 
most likely .a pet. 

We never did. see a neapa in the wfld» 
nor did we see many of the other plants- 
and wifaiah : fq^^nch Brika^is 

TVIHGUtUVAaOIOCm IVMII IIV II iW wtvj w «ire* n 

the, wall of cultural differences had shrank 
- —at least ffw ogh to see over. Crew nxxo- 
-biyra oocasicaudly; ventured a sunk, though 
they jstdl couldn’t figure out vdxy Ameri- 

at'^l^s^ew 'in^oth directions. “Come 
Tvan sad, as we left the boat- “May- 
be nr»ttitiie we willbring a bear on board.” 

, Jane Harrigan, who directs the journal- 
ism program at the University of New 
Ha mps hire , wrote ihis for The New York 

TIE Eli IE H ff 

Onna Zakari 

Directed by Nobuhiko 
Obayashi. Jtpan. 

Obayashi is one of the few 
directors of his generation to 
have worked on the creation 
of a real style. like Robert 
Altman, a director he in 
some ways resembles, 
Obayashi will take on all 
sorts of pictures in order to 
discover yet new stylistic 
facets. Often the story is not 
worthy of all the stylistic in- 
vention but sometimes it is. 
His new picture, “A Wom- 
an’s Prime,” is based on a 
novel by Saiichi Maruya and 
it is intelligent, dry, funny 
and very observant. A news- 
paperwoman (dd-time teen 
idol Sayuri Yoshinaga, 
splendid in the role) has to 

make something of herself in 

this man’s world. This she 
does by fighting bar± and 
yet remaining herself; 
Obayashi has surrounded 
her with some of Japan’s 
best actors and a number of 
other famous faces from 
films gone by. He has ani- 
mated all these perfor- 
mances by creating a mosaic 
of shortcuts that capture ex- 
pressions, tropisms of 
thought, and then molding 
these into sentence-like 
scenes that push the film at a 
great clip, one sequence 
moving toe next right off the 
screen. This is a technique 
Altman knows about too 
(“Nasbville”)v but Obayashi 
pushes it to extremes un- 
known in a commercial re- 

lease. The result is-adrikuat-- 
ing. (DonoId Richie, JET). 

H Ctanuro . « . mIo • 

Directed- by Jas i Gtmga, 

This film could be the front- 
runner for wont Spanish 
movie of 1994. The -script is 
kind of a mixture of “Ar- 
senic and Old Lace” and the 
“Addams Family” yet both 
the writing' and directing 
manage to muider pxactical- 
ly every natural idee that 
mould have resulted from 
tiie formula. A young Ma- 
drid surgeon kills his lover's 
jealous husband in a mo- 
ment of fear. Packing the 
body into some luggage, he 
flees with the 'mnWtting 

. woman .to. his grandfather’s 
mansion in the provinces. 
Thera has quaint female rel- 
atives. are hying to poison 
grandfather with cyanide 
(aanuro) to get his inheri- 
tance, .bot the old fox keq» 
outsmarting them, while 
pmsuing the buxom young 
housemaid. The late actor 
Fernando Rey lends a little 
light to the movie as graud- 
fati^ cme of his last roles in 
a distinguished career. An- 
other veteran actor, Josfe Sa- 
zatonul, does wdl in one 
brief scene as a lovable rap- 
ist cum Dan Juan. But their 
good efforts would be no- 
ticed only by those who 
stayed awake during the 

(Al Goodman, IHT) 

Haunts, 10,000 Strong, of England 

By Susan Keselenko Coll 

land — When Bill Clinton 
stopped at this tranquil Bucking- 
hamshire village during his re- 
cent swing through Europe to commemo- 
rate D-Day, he had eveiy reason to feel 
secure. Or so it seemed. 

The staff of Hartwell House, the stately 
hotel chosen as the rite for the president's 

the acting Labor leader, Ms^^^^edc- 
etx, had spent the week working to ensue 
the president’s safety. The only potential, 
unspeakable, hitch was the ghost 
In the end, it was something of a pity 
that John Lee. a benevolent, eccentric, 
astronomer- who once owned the estate 
and was an aspiring statesman himself, 
chose not to greet thf president. For al- 
though Lee has been dead since 1866, he is 
still spotted on occasion reading quietly in 
the hold’s library, or wandering about the 
grounds, forlorn, looking for his demol- 
ished observatory. 

With an estimated 10,000 haunted rites, 
“England is alleged to be the most haunted 
comity in the world.” says Andrew Green, 
who has written 10 bodes an the subject. 

Without dismissing the possibility that 
ghosts really do flock to England for the 
cafTW* sets of reasons as tourists, what 
mate this country so rife with believers? 
One theory is that England’s sense of 
tradition, its "Eving histoxy” provides 
rich source material for stories. Green 
suggests the answer lies in the country’s 
tiwcftrt cultural heritage, resulting in a 
hodgepodge Of religious and pagan ideas. 

Whatever the explanation, the British 
have not only learned to live with their 
ghosts, but have beoome savvy in exploiting 
tbor marketing appeal. Small Luxury Ho- 
tels of the Worn, Ear example, has been 
promoting the largely aristocratic spirits 
who live in some of its establishments, and 
the British Tourist Authority is plugging 

hotdy was said to have died at the age of 
14 in a shooting accident. In reality, says 
the hotel’s Helen Pugh, the young mm . 
IriDed himself because he didn’t .want to 
retura-to Eton. 

Castle Ashby, a privately owned home 
that is Often rented .to companies and 

botawhofelcian’ragbcsisc” < ;■■■- 

Given the general level of enthusiasm 
for the subject, it can be deduced that 
meetings wnh ghosts arc hot always terri- 
ble. Nor are they always tangible. Accord- 
ing to the Guinness ^ Encyclopedia of 
Ghosts and Spkits, ghosts srerardy visi- 
ble; they tend to make their presence 
known through noises, smells, breezes and 
movements of otgecis. •*>■. . 

Andrea Balladori, the night manager at 
London’s Dukes Bold/reparis having 
sensed and heard a gfaosw assumedtojK 
the long dead Duchess of Qevdaod with 
her dogs — walkmg dbwn the stairs dar- 
ing his security roonds^Hc qpddy adds 
that, before the:event, he was a ghost' 

agnostic. : ~ ’ -*-j - -■■■ - . : ' 

The ghost that hamils Llangoed Hall in 
Wales nke« to turn over' flour bins in* the' 
kitchen and rearrange furniture. But dc- , 

bnt no less irritating ghosts. -The ghost 
who insisted on playing the harp , at all. ' 
hours of the day became so disruptive that • 
th e hngtro ment had to be moved, says the; 
mwketing director. Calm Sweeney. An- i 
other ghost is often, heard bathing in a 
bedroom suite; hear presence has been 
sensed by guests as .walasby maids, who 
oonqilam that rii t sits on the bed, leaving * 
creases on the linen. 

Not all ghosts get to live in castles or in * 
stately homes, however; some Iras forb- ‘ 
n ate so uls an stuck in gra wyards rbd ' 

aiT>a ^^ h ^^ na ~ 
paying tourists each night t h mn gh 'Whflt . 

rite says is the roost hanutcd.areacf cen-. - 
teal London. Her tour begins at Charter- ! 

DenzO 'Christie; who -now 
library and Room 1 of -the 

plethora of ghost stdstes set 'against the 
■backdrops of the church of StBvtedO' 
mew the Great, St Pad’s Cathedral, and 
the former site of Newgate, the infamous 
London prison. 

„ ? tom- eventually wmds^its way . 

moogh tee Viaduct Tavern, said to be 
by a ftteraDy dwst named Ftedi 
I'anicmants are mvited to have a beer. 

Am id an outpouring of thoughts ' : umI 
twooes aid amvictioos on ghosts, JMtenge 
a SM iiwAat radical BBjTAlIlKW^ 1 
wl^>s an opeaxmod, she says»thereis 
abo ^ P os ®bflity that some poUergeist 

at tee pi^i^way 

J 7 & 

International Herald Tribune 
Friday, July 15, 1994 
Page 7 

Sea Breeze in Biarritz Restaurant 

By Patricia Wells 

His though is arc.aH oyer the map, and 
his food copies no one. A meal might 

France —It’s country 
to city for Didier Oudffl, as lie 
leaves his charming village botel- 
-testaorant. Pain Adeur et Fantai- 
sie, in Grenade sur l’Adonr, far a big: city 
restaurant in the seaside town of B&mrifc 
Since the first week of June, this Paris 
native has been working his a t the 
stowe at the bright Caffe de Paris, a huge 
old-fashioned hotel-restaurant overlook- 
ing a parking lot, and the Atlantic Ocean 
just beyond. 

Oudill, now 40, has been at the stove 
since the age of 14. He worked at Michel 
Guferard’s famed Pot-au-Fen in the Paris 
suburb of Asniferes, then spent 10 years as 
GuferanTs second in Eugfeue-les-Bams. He 
opened his own restaurant in Grenade sur - 
l’Adour, in the Landes, in 1987. 

The trade record is illustrious, and On- 
dill docs not disappoint. Much in the vein 
of JoS Robudxm or Alain Dncasse, Ou- 
dill's food is intensely flavored. So much 
so that in some dishes, you fed as though 
your eyes will loosen from their sockets; - 
the food is so powerful that your palate 
harbors the flavors for hours to come. 

pur fee, 

liquor, and a touch of salmon roe. Like a 
fresh sea breeze that slaps you in the face. 

Oudill is in kwe with the region, and of 
course that means fish and sbdlfish, so the 
new mom is dotted with bonita (a leaner, 
whiic-fteshed relative of blood-red bluefin 
tuna), merhi (hake, which only locals and 
'Basques seem to know how to cook), pant 
fresh shrimp, chipirons (the tiny prized 
cuttlefish), baby local lisettes (mackerel) 
as well as-mn nkfish, fresh anchovies and 
salmon. Fava beans, local sheep’s milk 
cheese, almonds and caramel fill out the 
regional shopping list of ingredients. 

My favonte dish of the day was his 
giant fresh crevettes grilled ever so simply, 
topped with' a brilliant fresh fennel esca- 
bSche, a sauce reduced to a spicy essence. 
The shrimps axe extraordinary, with their 
rich, iodine freshness, dense, firm, and 
fullr flavored, plucked from the sea just 
hours before. As a play on texture, color, 
and flavor, Oudill dots the dish with tiny 
beads of fresh brebis, or sheep’s milk 

As a dose second to the giant shrimp. 

he offess a forward-tasting marriage of 
moist flaky grilled hake, lovely fresh fava 
beans, intense mousserons mushrooms, all 
topped with the Basque paprika-rubbed 
homo, the cured and smokea pork shaped 
like giant, yard-long sausages. Not sur- 
prising, the red, white and green colors of 
the dish mimic the colors of the Basque 

Only his pastry disappoints; He inten- 
tionally favors undercooked or lightly 
cooked pastry, a custom 1 find takes away 
from the glory erf a potentially lovely dish. 

But it’s bard to heal his lavender ice 
cream, loaded with tiny grains of vanilla, 
served with a richly flavored apricot crum- 
ble, set of a base of apricot purfee. 

The menu changes every few days, with 
a special 175-franc menu that offers most 
of his finest dishes. Diners locking for a 
more casual meal might try the terrace 
brasserie. Bistro t Bellevue, where the 135- 
franc menu features such simple Oudill 
fare as oysters in their idly, fresh sardines, 
roast Iamb cutlets, and a warm apple tan. 

Cafi de Paris, 5 Place Bellevue, 64200 
Biarritz; let 59 24 19 53. Open daily. 
Credit cards: American Express, Visa. 175- 
franc menu. A la carte, 250 to 300 francs, 
including service but not wine. 

mars s 1 1 1 / 


Kunsthistoriches Museum, tel: 52- 
177, closed Mondays. To OcL 30: 
“Albrecht Darer.” Eight paintings do- 
cumenting the German master's ar- 
tistic development, from before Us 
second rtafian trip to his late works. 
Also fflustrates the painter’s broad 
range of subjects, small Intimate de- 
votional Images, portraits and large 
altar paintings. 



Barbican Art Gaflery, tel: (71) 638- 
4141, open daffy. To Sept 4: "Who's 
Looking at the Fanffly?" European 
and North American photographers 
let us peer Into bedrooms end bath- 
rooms, refrigerators and cupboards, 
and Into the relationships which 
make a family. 

Courtauld Institute Galleries, let 
(71 ) 873-2526, open dally. To Sept 
25: "The Samuel Courtauld Cotec- 
tion." The works shown were be- 
queathed by Samuel Coulauid to the 
institute, or grven to friends and 
members of his family. Purchased 
between 1922 and 1932, the collec- 
tion Includes paintings by Cezanne, 
Seurat and Gauguin. 

Design Museum, tet (71) 403- 
6933, open dally- To Oct 2r. “Arne 
Jacobsen: Architect and Designer." 
The artist designed everything from 
furniture to cutlery .The exhibition fo 
cuses on Jaootsan 's antftiteciuraf vi- 
sion, with pieces of furniture, textiles, 
fixtures as well as models of early 
architectural projects. 

Hayward . Gallery, tel: (71) 928- 
8800, open daily. To tog. 29: "Bon?' 
nard at La Bosquet" Bonnard spent 
the last 20 years of his fife In a viHa 
overlooking Cannes, panting land- 
scapes and interiors. The exhibition 
includes 30 oil paintings and more 
than 40 related drawings, gouaches 
and water cokxs. 

Nattonaf Galtary, tel: (71) 839- 
3528. open daffy. Continuing/ To 
Sept. 4: "Caspar David Friedrich to 
Ferdinand Hodfen A Romantic Tracfl- 

from a priv^ecoieetton of German! 
Swiss and Austrian art 
Royal Academy of Arts, tel: (71) 
494-56-15. open daily. Continu- 
ing/To Oct 2: "impreesionism to 
Symbolism: The Belgian Avant- 
Garde 1880-1900." 60 paintings, 
sculptures and reliefs Illustrate the 
artistic revolution which took place in 
Belgium between 1880 and the turn 
of the century. Features works tw 
Ensor, van de Vekte and van fiyssef- 

and 40 drawings by the 
British figurative painter. 
Whitechapel Art GaHery. tet (71) 
377-01 07, closed Mondays. To Sept. 
11: "Franz Kline: Art and the Struc- 
ture off Identity." 70 paintings by the 
American Abstract Expressionist 
spanning the years 1947 to 1962. 
Kline Is known tor canvases using 
bold black strokes on white, but the 
show Includes many works on paper , 
and a number of colorful works. 
Oxford m 

The Ashmdean Museum, tel: 866- 

and Times." Journalist, arrtvseoto- 
gtet and scholar, Sir Arthur Evans b 
best known as the excavator of the 
palace of Minos at Knossos in Crate 
The social and intellectual efimaw at 
his age are evoked by letters, sketov- 
ss and photographs as well asjhe 
archaeological collections belonging 
to Oxford University. ■ 


Montreal _ 

The Montreal Museum* Fine Ate 
tel: (514) 285*1600. To Sept.1T 
"Jim Dine: DrawrfngsFrom thetay^- 
tothek." About 60 drawings Irepirea 
by the Greek and Romanswjtorre 

rttheGlyfAothektn ^^^cre- 

at ed between 1987 and 1990.^ 


ictreSev* Palace, tab 291 "BISS* To 

SSZ%: "AlbwmDor^: 

rts nff». Alongside 

wv* ’'"O’ — “ 

iter and engraver, 
te, by 17th-century 
artists active In Ftu- 

ncS by 19th-century 

ix-Arts. tel: 31:85- 
jefidays- Can tin* 
-Desir de Ftivsge- 
gs by Millet, Cour- 

^Van Dongen and 

h Mr+iflfi. rants 

lei: .8067-11-10, 

0SepL H: ,D«- 

: of drawfnflst 




Museo del Prado, tel: (91 ) 420-28- 
38, closed Mondays. Continu- 
ing/To Sept. 4: " SetmsOano del 
Piombo." Paintings by the 1 6th-cen- 
tury Spanish artist 



Petit Palais, lei: (22) 346-14-33, 
open daily. Continuing/ To end OcL 
3Ch "La Famflie Vue par les Peintres. 

V • ■ ■’ . ' , 

' "~ mm • “ ■ * B \ * * .**' • • m : 

• ■ , i - ',-y "" 

r •• • ; ‘ •“ 

Detail of Caiilebotte’s “Pont de VEwrope ” in Cologne. 

Arsenal, teL- 44-78-25-00, open dai- 
ly. Continuing/To OcL 2: "L’Or dea 
Dteux. TOr des Andes." From the 
collection of Peruvian banker GuH- 
lermo Wiese, 140 pieces of pre-Co- 
lumbian jewelry from Peru, Ecuador 
end Columbia. 


Centre Georges Pompidou, tel: 44- 
78-12-33, dosed Tuesdays. Contin- 
uing/To OcL 3: "Joseph Beuys." A 
chronological presentation of the 
works of the controversial German 
artist Joseph Beuys, including draw- 
ings, objects, sculptures and more 
than 70 installations. 

Grand Palais, tel: 44-13-17-17, 
dosed Tuesdays. Continuing/To 
Aug. 28: “Impressionnisme: Les Ori- 
gines, 1859-1869." Focuses on the 
influences that led young painters 
such as Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Ma- 
net end Degas to Impressionism. - 

Mus6e d’Orsay, tel: 40-49-48-14. 
closed Tuesdays. Continuing /To 
Sept 11: “Nadar." 50 original por- 
traits by the French pioneer in pho- 
tography, during the years 1854 to 

Rouen - 

Musde des Beaux-Ate tel: 35-71- 
28-40, dosed Tuesdays. Conttnu- 
Ing/ToMov. 14: "Rouen, Les Catoe- 
drcffes de Monet" 17 paintings from 
the series of views of the west portal 
of the Rouen cathedral painted in 



Wallraf-Rlehartz-Museum. tel: . 
dosed Mondays. To Sept 4; “ESd- 
weiten des impresstonismus." From 
the Petit Palais collection in Geneva, 
a selection of 80 paintings by lesser- 
known French hror^arist paint- 
ers, Including won© by. Cafliebotte 
and GdBaLBim and by members of 
toe Soctete des Artistes Indepen- 
dents such as Maximilian Luce. 

VDla HOget, tel: (201) 41-39-81, 
open dally. Continuing/ To Nov.-IS: 
“Rtfis - BeBe Epoque.1880 to 
1910: Fascination of a World Ctty." 
Recafis Parisian Hie as reflected in art 

and artifacts from 1860 to 1910. in- 
cludes 700 paintings, photographs, 
as well as jewelry, silver, dess, luml- 
tune and fashions of the time. 


Laibachhaus, tel: (89) 233-320- 
00. To Sept. 11: "Chuck Close." The 
American painter regards his por- 
traits, based on photographs, as 
grids of chromatic units. Seen from 
dose, the targe-format paintings look 
like expanses of color, but from a 
distance, reassume the appearance 
of toe photographs from which the 
images are originally taken. 


Ulmer Museum, tel: (731) 161-43- 
12, closed Mondays. To Aim. 7: 
"Oscar Kokoschka: Weeks on Paper 
1 906-1 924." 70 drawings and water- 
colors from the artist's early yeans. 
Mainly portraits and landscapes. 



The Israel Museum, tel. (2) 706- 
811, open daffy. To Sept la “Sinai: 
A Farewell tor Peace." A display of 
artifacts from the excavations of toe 
Sinai peninsula includes mmsamis, 
the round stone structures that 
served as family tombs, painted ves- 
sel and funerary masks. These finds 
wffi be handed to the Egyptian Orga- 
nization of Antiquities under the 
terms of toe 1979 Peace Treaty. 

Helena Rubinstein Pavilion, tel: 
528-7196, Open daily. To Aug. 16: 
“Bill Viola: Unseen Images," Seven 
video installations by the Californian 
artist including toe triptych of 1992, 
consisting of three plant screens on 
which are projected images of birth 
and death. 

ious projects in Kyoto. Nara and 

Palazzo Mediceo, tel: (584) 
756100, dosed Mondays. To SepL 
5: "One Hundred Years of the Na- 
tional Sculpture Society of toe United 
States of America in Italy." 95 works 
by contemporary American sculptors 
residing abroad or in the U.S., in- 
ducting Stanley Bleifeld, Nathaniel 
Kaz, Bruno Lucchesi and Laura 

Newcastle remains a museum of classical buildings, such as the Theatre Royal on Grey Street. 

Newcastle, the Hard Road Back 

By Michael Balter 


Hare Museum, tel: (3) 3445-0651, 
open daffy. To Aug. 21: "Arakawa* 
Drawings 1961-1974." 36 drawings 
representing the start of the Japa- 
nese-born artist in semiotics. Instead 
of representing objects picto daily, 
Arakawa replace them with words, 
sentences and diagrammatic grids. 

de BazfDe a Picasso." A century of 
paintings representing various as- 
pects ot family Me, with works by 
Bazina, Valtet, posting, Lhote, Laurerv 
ctn and Picasso. 


Fondation da I Hermitage, tel: (21 ) 
320-50-01, open daily. Contmu- 
Ing/To OcL 23: "Les Peintres da 
ZborawskL’ Modigliani, Utrtito, Sou- 
fine et tetzs Amis. " 20 works each by 
Modigliani and Soutine, landscapes 
by Utitik) and several paintings by 


Kunsthaus, teL 251-67-55, open dai- 
ly. To July 17: "Ein Blick auf Amor 
und Psyche um 1800." The Greek 
myth ot Psyche and Eros In painting, 
with works by toe Swiss Rococo 
painter Angela Kautfmann, the 
French painter Edouard Ficot, as wati 
as works by David, Fossti and Meyn- 

Los Angeles 

Los Angelas County Museum of 
Art, tel: (213) 857-6000. dosed 
Mondays and Tuesdays. To Sept 11: 
"Mike Kefiay” 200 paintings, draw- 
ings, sculptures, photographs and 
multimedia installations by the Los 
Angeles artist. Kelley combines 
handicrafts, textbooks, posters, ban- 
ners, cartoons Into sculptures, wail 
hangings or installations. The exhibi- 
tion will travel to Pals and Stock- 

New York 

Central Park The New York Grand 
Opera Company continues a seven- 
year presentation of all 28 of Verdi’s 
operas to chronological order, culmi- 
nating wtto a performance of the "Re- 
quiem" on the 100 th anrtvefsaiy of 
the composer's death in 1901. This 
summer, performances ot “Na- 
bucco" (July 20) and "I Lombardi 
alia Prima Crodata" (Jufy 27). 

National Gallery of Art, tel: (202) 
737-4215, open daily. To SepL 11: 
"The Waking Dream: Photography's 
First Century: Selections from toe Gil- 
man Paper Company Col lection." 
250 works (flvkfed into six sections 
that concentrate on Britain, France, 
tours ot the Mediterranean and Asia. 
America the turn of the century, and 
the earty modem period. 

England — Up in England’s 
northeast, they're sliD Idling 
Geordie jokes. Although the ex- 
act definition of the term is often debated, 
anyone bran in Newcastle or Tyneside, the 
conglomeration of neighbonng towns 
along the lyne River, is generally consid- 
ered a Geordie. There is less agreement 
about the origins of the name. Seme say it 
dates from the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745, 
when Newcastle barricaded its gates 
against Bonnie Prince Charlie’s rebels and 
sided with King George II. Others argue 
that it refers to followers of George Ste- 
phenson, a 19th-century railroad pioneer 
who also invented a coal mine safety lamp. 

But whatever the case, everyone along 
the Tyne knows a Geordie joke when he 
hears one. For example, one day Geordie 
was standing in a crowd in Newcastle’s 
Bigg Market, listening to an orator de- 
nouncing the evQs of drink. The speaker 
took a wriggling worm and draped it in to 
a glass of whisky, whereupon it quickly 
shriveled up and died. *T hope,” said the 
orator, “that this has taught everyone a 
lesson.'’ Geordie spoke up: “It cotainly 
taught me a lesson, sir. If you’ve got 
worms, drink whisky." 

This self-mocking humor no doubt re- 
flects the lingering sense of inferiority that 
the “Northerners,” as they are often called 
by their countrymen further south, fed in 
comparison with the rest of England. Po- 
litical power Iras always radiated from 
London, even if historically much of En- 
gland’s wealth was created in the coal 
mines and shipyards of the north. New- 
castle, long considered the capital of 
northeast England, has gone boom and 
bust so many times over the past 400 years 
that it has never achieved the respect nor- 
mally due an industrial town of its size 

Today, most of the industries that put 
the city an the map have faded away. 
Yet, as a fact sheet put out by the Newcas- 
tle City Libraries reminds us, Tyneside 
was once a cauldron of technological in- 
novation. The dec trie light bulb was in- 
vented here by Sr Joseph Swan, before 
Thomas Edison put his version into mass 
production, and the northeast gave birth 
to the first steam turbine, the first breech- 
loading gun, and the first oil tanker. 

As if this were not enough, the first dog 
show was held m the Newcastle Town 
HaO in 1859, the first British beauty con- 
test in the tit^s Olympia Theatre in 1905, 
and a man across the river in Whickham is 
credited with inventing the first flavored 
potato chips (vinegar.) 

Today, Newcastle’s accomplishments 
are more modest, as the town makes the 
transition from industrial powerhouse to 
regional banking and services center. But 
even when the city attracts national atten- 
tion — as it has, for example, with the 
dramatic resurgence of its soccer team, 
Newcastle United — the praise sounds 
patronizing to some Geordie ears. 

Many people here still talk about the 
1960s, when Newcastle was ran almost 
singlehandedly by Labour Party leader T. 
Dan Smith, the nearest thing Britain has 
had to a Chicago-style city boss. Smith’s 
aggressive campaign to modernize. New- 
castle and create a regional power center 
eventually led to a corruption and bribery 
tha t landed him in jajQL 

Smith left behind a new civic center and 
a university, but also tower blocks and ring 
roads that altered irrevocably some of 
Newcastle’s famed 19th-century architec- 
ture. Nevertheless, the city remains a muse- 
um of cla ssic al b uildings The best exam- 
ples are on Grey Street, dominated by the 
massive columns of the Theatre Royal, and 
an the upper stretch of Grainger Street, 
where a long row of brick buildings was 

replaced by dressed stone structures during 
the last century. 

Yet architectural tastes differ, and some 
might find the dilapidated Edwardian and 
Victorian buildings of lower Grainger 
Street, near its junction with the Bigg 
Market, more pleasing than the cold clas- 
sical relics up the road. 

The Bigg Market is also the current site 
of another Newcastle tradition, the weekly 
ritual of pub nighL This dates hack to ihe 
16th century, when one commentator la- 
mented at ihe goings-on: "What dyseng, 
card eng, and mummying' What typpling, 
da unsen g, and brasenge of harlots!” 

Nowadays, no matter how frigid the 
winds from the North Sea, every Friday 
evening the youth of Newcastle descend 
on the pubs of Bigg Market dressed in 
shirt-sleeves and skimpy dresses. The 
scenes at 1 1 o’clock, when the pubs close 
and thousands of young men and women 
are ejected drunk and disorderly into the 
streets, must be witnessed to be believed. 

S TILL Newcastle has the air of a 
city where things are looking up. 
Many people see symbolism in the 
recent return of salmon to the 
Tyne River, which for decades was too 
polluted to support much life of any kind. 

Some even imagine the beginnings of a 
whole new fishing industry. 

One thing you can always count on in 
Newcastle is the Geordie sense of humor. 
Did you bear the one about the dying 
Geordie who called his wife to his bedside? 
“Jenny," he said, “if I stuff it, I don’t want 
you to be lonely. You’re an attractive wom- 
an, and if you fed like getting married 
again, you’ve got my blessing. Just do me 
one favor, don’t let him wear my dolhes.” 
“Don’t worry, honey," said the wife. “They 
don’t fit him anyway.” 

Michael Balter is a free-lance journalist 
living in Paris. 

Some Culture With Your Soccer? 

By Allan Kozhin 

New York Times Service 

N EW YORK — “The 
biggest ever” is a 
phrase that comes up 
every few sentences 
when anyone involved with 
“Encore! The Three Tenors” is 
asked about the show. 

“Encore” is, of coarse, the 
reunion of Luciano Pavarotti, 
Hkcddo Domingo and Josfe Car- 
reras to take place on Saturday 
evening at Dodger Stadium in 
Los Angeles, a musical specta- 
cle meant to give a touch of high 
culture to the World Cup finals. 

The three tenors first came 
together at the time of the last 
World Cup games, in 1990, and 
sang a concert at the Caracalla 
Baths, in Rome. 

Broadcast live to an estimat- 
ed 800,000 people, the original 
“Three Tenors” concert became 
a smash hit on records (more 

than 10 million sold) and on 
video (with sales of more than a 

But that, many production, 
television, publishing and re- 
cord companies are hoping, was 
just a warm-up. The hve global 
telecast for “Encore,” for in- 
stance, is expected to be seen by 
13 tuBion people, nearly dou- 
ble that of the ori ginal 

Tibor Rudas, the producer 
and organize of the show and 
the overseer the overwhelm- 
ing marketing machinery 
around it, said the ticket income 
for the new show was a record 
take for a musical event: $13.5 
million for 56,000 tickets priced 
from $15 to $1,000. 

For the three tenors them- 
selves, this is certainly a sweet 
deal. In 1990, they thought — as 
did everyone else involved — 
that their concert recording 
would be an interesting curiosity 
that might sett reasonably wdi 

So wnen Decca Records of- 
fered them a royalty, they opted 
for a $500,000 flat fee each in- 
stead, and have been kicking 
themselves ever since. This time 
they are being paid SI million 
each simply to sing at the event, 
and they are to be earning roy- 
alties on the recording and vid- 
eo sales from Warner. 

Those royalties should begin 
to flow soon. Unlike Decca, 

which took months to get the 
original “Three Tenors” record- 
ing and video on the market, 
Warner’s Atlantic Records — 
usually a pop label — has set an 
Aug. 30 release date for the 
compact disk, cassette, VHS 
videotape and laser-videodisk 
versions of the show. 

There will even be a single: 
on Monday, Atlantic plans to 
release the trio's versons of two 
Verdi selections, “La donna e 
mobile," from “Rigoletto," and 
the “Brindisi" from “La Tra- 
viata.” Those performances 
were recorded in a charily 
warm-up concert in Monte Car- 
lo on June 10. 



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Studies, designs and models ot 23 
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On July 17: "La Beaua EXacte De 
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On July 1 7: "The Unknown Modiglia- 
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On July 1 1 -. ‘The Golden Age of Flor- 
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On July 17: ‘Modern Japanese 
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Page 8 



Germans Join Paris Parade 

Emotions Are Strong but Event Is Low-Key 

By Alan Riding 

New York Tima Sen w 

PARIS — Stirring painful memories 
among many French who lived through Ger- 
many's wartime occupation, German troops 
paraded down the Avenue des Champs- Sy- 
s£es on Thorsday for the first time in 50 years, 
guests of an aged French president eager to 
stress the reconciliation of historic enemies. 

The 200 officers and men from the 10th 
Panzer Division, riding in armored personnel 
vehicles marked with a discreet German mili- 
tary cross, were barely noticeable among the 
6,200 soldiers from four nations taking pan in 
this year’s Bastille Day parade. Only a few 
protests were heard. 

But, while polls said around 60 percent of 
French approved of the invitation, some felt 
France’s national holiday on the 50th anni- 
versary year of the liberation was not the 
right occasion for such a gesture. They also 
questioned the place: During the occupation. 
Nazi troops marched the same route daily. 

Opposition came from some veterans' asso- 
ciations, the French Communist Party and 
the extreme rightist National Front as well as 
from some prominent individuals, among 
them, former President Valery Giscard d'Es- 
taing and Admiral Philippe de Gaulle, son of 
France's wartime leader. 

President Frangois Mitterrand, himself a 
former Resistance fighter who, at age 77, was 
presiding over his 14th and final Bastille Day 
parade as president, said that critics of the 
German presence were thinking of the past 
“I am looking to the future, " he noted. 

Mr. Mitterrand, who gives enormous 
weight to France’s relations with Germany, 
invited the German troops to Paris after 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl was excluded from 

last month’s ceremonies marking the 50th 
anniversary of the Normandy landings. 

However, with the German troops parad- 
ing as part of a contingent from a new five- 
nation Eurocorps, which is seen as the em- 
bryo of a future European army, the French 
president said the parade Thursday would 
bolster moves toward doser political union in 
Western Europe. 

In a holiday message, he said the presence 
of the Eurocorps was “testimony to the 
shared wish of our people to build the future 
together.” So far, France, Germany, Belgium, 
Spain and Luxembourg have joined the corps, 
which should be operational with 50,000 sol- 
diers on Oct 1, H 

Mr. Mitterrand was joined on the review- 
ing stand by Mr. Kom as weB as Prime 

Ministers Jean-Luc Dehaene of Belgium, Fe- 
lipe Gonz&lez of Spain and Jacques San ter of 
Luxembourg. Mr. Kohl was accompanied by 

the sons of three men linked to the failed 
attempt to assassinate Hiller on July 20, 1944. 

The 800-member Eurocorps contingent, 
with its German commander, Lieutenant 
General Helmut Wfllman, leading the way iu 
an open jeep, was the last group to take the 
traditional parade route from the Arc de 
Trioraphe to the Place de la Concorde. Span- 
ish and Belgian troops preceded the Germans 
and French. Luxembourg did not take part in 

With tourists comprising around half the 
spectators, it was only when the Goman 
vehicles passed the enclosures for invited 
French guests, many of them veterans; that 
some whistles and jeers were heard. A few in 
the crowd wore yellow stars or concentration 
camp uniforms, but many also applauded as 
the Germans passed. 

One German tourist, Robert Cohnen, said 
he was relieved to see people applauding. “I 
wasn't sure the Germans should participate 
tut, seeing this reaction, I think if s good,” he 

Si gnifican tly, Mr. Mitterrand, a Socialist, 
invited the German troops to parade without 
first consulting the country’s conservative 
p rime minister, Edouard Baliadur. Mr. Baha- 
dur said he “did not disapprove,” but his 
interior minister, Charles Pasqua, was out- 
spokenly critical. 

In a television interview Wednesday, he 
said the timing was not appropriate. “In July 
1944, Paris was paying a pretty heavy tribute 
for its liberation,” he said. “The soldiers who 
will be parading won’t be the same; but I 
understand that this can upset people.” 

But it was former President Giscard d’Es- 
taing’s reaction that made the most impact 
On television, he said it was coming “too 
soon” and, weeping, he added: “In 1944, 
every morning I heard the sound of boots, of 
Nazi songs. If one has such memories, it’s 
difficult to contain one’s emotions.” 

The Communist Party, which played a key 
role in the Resistance and organized a protest 
demonstration on the Champs £3ys£es on 
Tuesday, said in a statement that it opposed 
the German presence; “not because it brings 
the French and Germans together in a sym- 
bolic gesture, but because it is done through 
arms and an army.” 

However, many French p oliticians have 
backed Mr. Mitterrand. “I can understand 
the emotion of people who suffered at that 
time,” said Jacques BaumeL a conservative 
deputy who was a Resistance hero. “But 50 
years have passed. We cannot build the future 
if we forever evoke that past. Or perhaps we 
should still be arguing with the British over 


In Italy See 

Their Probe 

Un Jj* Ihw/Apw FonwftM* 

Sooth Korean students on guard Thursday in Seoul with steel pipes to protect others at an anti-goveniment rally. 

Seoul Jails Students Praising Kim II Sung 

By T.R. Reid 

Washington Post Sernae 

SEOUL — South Korea has 
jailed several dozen students for 
patting up posters praising Kim 
a Sung, the late North Korean 
dictator, and planning memori- 
al ceremonies in bis honor. 

South Korea is a nation with 
free elections, but it imposes 
restrictions on speech and polit- 
ical activity, particularly when 
North Korea is involved. 

Accordingly, the Seoul gov- 
ernment banned memorial 
events here for the North Kore- 
an Communist leader who died 
last week at 82 of what the 
North Korean government 
called a heart attack. 

About 1,000 students, some 
hading firebombs, battled with 
police officers in Seoul on 
Thursday, protesting the re- 
striction s on honoring Kim D 

Kim will need time to consoli- 
date his control, and thus the 
North-South summit meeting 
scheduled for July 25 probably 
-cannot be arranged until au- 
tumn, at the earliest. 

Radio reports from Pyong- 

death ctf the man who ruled the 
nation -since it emerged after 
World. War n in a division of 
the Korean Peninsula. 

■ Navy Grief Vows Support 

in another indication that 

Admiral K™ Q Choi is the 
first senior mititary figure to 
swear allegiance pubtidy to the 1 

There has been no official an- 
nouncement of a successor bat 
Seoul officials have said they 
expected the son’s confirmation 

Kim Jong n will take over the 

yang said that heads of state of tern posts held by his father, a expected tne son s conirrmau 
35 nations, including the Unit- North Korean report said a f* cr “*e frugal on Sunday, 
ed Stales, Canada. France and Thursday that the navy com- Pyongyang Radio has said 
Switzerland as well as North mander had pledged loyally to the son was “at the supreme 
Korea’s traditional allies, ex- him, Reuters reported from position of the party, state ana 
pressed condolences over the SeouL military” 

KOREA: Business Opportunity Knocks in the North his co^tira parrinas, the sepa- 

1 * * . ■ rafist-minded Northern League 


Continued bom Page 1 

when the Korean Peninsula is 
reunified. With the North’s nat- 
ural resources and the South’s 
financial and technological 
strengths, a united nation of 70 
mflhon wifi be better equipped 



reans, including the bead of the POW' e * 0 ?® es ' 

Rabin Yields on PLO Council 

Compiled by Ow Staff From Dispauha 

Minister Yitzhak Rabin said 
Thursday that the Palestinian 
parliament-in-exile could con- 
vene in the Gaza Strip and that 
all members could attend, in- 
cluding those once considered 

The decision came after an 
aide to the PLO leader, Yasser 
Arafat, threatened that the 468- 
member Palestine National 
Council would not be convened 
if all its members were not al- 
lowed to attend. 

The council is scheduled to 
meet in the Gaza Strip. One of 
its tasks will be canceling 
clauses in its charter that Israel 
considers offensive, including 
ones suggesting the destruction 
of Israel. 

“If the chairman of the PLO 
decides to convene the Palestine 
National Council in order to 
fulfill his commitment to 
change the Palestinian cove- 
nant, then we wall let them 
come in,” Mr. Rabin said. 
“Some we will certainly let stay, 
some we won’t." 

Israel dosed border crossings 
to PLO officials on Thursday, 


lying Mr. Arafat had smug- 
ed Tour banned Pales tinians 

the United 

milli on aid 

into the Gaza Strip in his per- 
sonal entourage, the crossings 
were reopened after the four 
returned to Egypt. 

Mr. Arafat's economic chief, 
Ahmed Kord, who negotiated 
the Palestine Liberation Orga- 
nization’s peace accord with Is- 
rael in Norway last year, re- 
turned to Jericho after the 
border ban was lifted. 

One of those expelled was 
Mamdouh Nofal, a member of 
the Palestine National Council 
and an alleged architect of a 
1974 takeover of a high school 
in Maalot in which 21 Israeli 
teenagers, an Israeli soldier and 
three guerrillas were killed. 

Mr. Rabin said that, in prin- 
ciple, he was ready to admit all 
the council members, including 
Mr. Nofal, but that said seme 
would not be allowed to stay. 

Mr. Arafat turned his atten- 
tion to economic reconstruc- 
tion, unveiling the cornerstone 
of a U.S.-financed 192-unit 
apartment complex in Gaza. 

“This is proof of President 
Clinton’s support for the Pales- 
tinian people,” Mr. Arafat said 
at the ceremony near Gaza 

City, thankin 
States for a 

J. Brian Atwood, administra- 
tor of the U-S- Agency for Inter- 
national Development, and the 
U.S. ambassador to Israel, Ed- 
ward P. Djergian, attended the 

“We are pleased to work with 
all donors to make this peace 
process work and to help you, 
Mr. Chairman, and the Pales- 
tinian perofe achieve your aspi- 
rations,” Mr. Atwood said. 

Mr. Arafat has said the first 
task of ins council would be to 
create jobs for tens of thou- 
sands of unemployed Palestin- 
ians in Gaza and to solve a 
housing crisis- (AP, Reuters) 

Korean branch of the Reverend 
Sun Myimg Moon's Unifica- 
tion Church were reported to be 
traveling to Pyongyang to pay 
tribute to Mr. Kim. 

The police struggle against 
the students, however, has 
turned out to be the only prob- 
lem so far for South Korea, as 
the transfer of power from the 

Pymgyang dictator to his son. 

Jong IL 52, seems to -be- 
going more smoothly than any- 
one here had expected. 

On Thursday, South Korea 
lifted the military alert it had 
Ordered after the announce- 
ment of Kim 12 Sung's death. 

Seoul said events appear to 
be proceeding so calmly in 
North Korea that the high^evd 
alert was not necessary. 

Officials in Seoul said they 
continued to believe that the 
late ruler’s son will succeed to 
power with few problems. But 
they also think the younger Mr. 

South Korean business p! 
arc well advanced. Kolon, a 
conglomerate with interests in 
textiles, construction, petro- 
chemicals and telecommunica- 
tions, has blueprints far a $5 
mflK rm to 10 million joint-ven- 
ture textile factory in Neath 

The best-known project was 
several years ago by 
Ju Yung, founder of the 
huge Hyundai Group who'was 
torn in the North. He envisions 
developing a joint $700 million 
resort straddling the border 
near the picturesque Mount 
Kumgang. . 

hi 1992, Daewoo signed a 
contract and built factories for 
joint manufacturing of toys, 
textiles, bags and other goods at 
Nampo, a port on the west 
coast near Pyongyang. 

But the factory buildings sit 
idle. These and other projects 

nouncement in 1993 that it 
would withdraw from the Nu- 
clear Nonproliferation Treaty. 
If not far die restrictions, two- 
way trade would be at least' 
$500 million, compared . with 
last year’s figure of about S20G 
million, reckoned Song Hee 
Young, deputy business editor 
of South Korea’s best-seffing 
.Chosen Ilbo. 

' nlflfft many in the business 
community who doubt that 
Pyongyang can make a unclear 
device small enough to be 
mounted in a missfle, and there- 
fore see little risk, officials say 
that faflatCTal economic rela- 
tions should take a back seat to 
the international obligation. 

“Trade is important, but the 
. nuclear issue. more rinppfcr 
tint,” South Korea's trade min- 
ister, Kim Cholsu, said in an 

Still, there is a dear sense of 
self-interest within the govern- 
ment in getting economic ties 
back on track. With North Ko- 
rea’s economy contracting by 5 
or 6 percent each year, while the 
Scum’s zooms ahead — ? gross 
national product is ejected to 
jump by 8 percent tins year — 
the cost of reunifying the two 
economic systems grows daily. 

By stabilizing the Pyongyang 
regime; Seoul could also hdp 
prevent a sudden collapse ana 
quick reunification ■ similar . to 
the German experience. 

“We want unification that’s 
phasedrin rather than unifica- 
tion & la Germany,” said Kim 
Cholsu. “We don't have the 
economic p ro we s s that West 
Germany had at the time. The 
redden collapse of North Korea 
could be quae burdensome for 
the South Korean economy.” 
Seoul, in fact, is 'tiffing. to 
ratchet up economic relations 
as Pyongyang moves doser to 
satisfying its-ooricetnS oyer nu- 
clear development 
The has on visits and as es- 

panrion af. consignment pro- 

were frozen by government fiat Estimates havc put the cost as 
following Pyongyang’s an- high as SI trillion over 10 years. 

deals wiUbeliftcd v*nce 
Pyongyang afkws inspection of 
its nuclear fadBtife. said Kim 
Young H, director-general of 
thecooperatiah bureau in the 
Ministry of National Unifica- 
tion. “ff .full transparency on 
nuclear issues in achieved, wtfU 
give everything,,” he said. - 
“We are prepared to expand 
economic cooperation and have 
many ideas,” said KimCbhlsu, 
the trade minister. “Once we 
are satisfied, I think economic 
cooperation could move at a 
very rapid pace.” . 

Strikes Cripple Nigeria in a Push to Oust the Military 

By Kenneth B. Noble stem warnings from the govern- 

New York Tuna Sent* meat that it was illegal at least 

LAGOS — In a daring act of for dvil servants and workers in 
civil disobedience against Nige- the vital petroleum industry, 
ria’s nriHtary authorities, iml- Oil exports account for more 
lions of people stayed away than 90 percent Of Nigeria’s for- 

EUROPE: Bracing for Transition 

Continued from Page 1 

helped ensure that cooperation 
and justice 

on foreign policy 
affairs was handled between 
national governments, not led 
by the commission. 

“He was extremely helpful to 
a British official said. 


As for France, President 
Francois Mitterrand indicated 
his support Thursday by saying 
that the next commission leader 
“must be a Francophone ” Mr. 
San ter counts French among 
his linguistic skills, along with 
and German, as do 

most Luxembourgers. But 
whether his eloquence trill en- 
able him to be heard is the ques- 
tion that worries the bureau- 
crats in Brussels. 

“It’s very depressing here ” a 
senior commission official said. 
The selection of Mr. San ter in- 
stead of someone of the stature 
of a Dehaene, Lubbers or Gon- 
zalez shows “disdain for the Eu- 
ropean institutions,” he said, 
adding, “Can you imagine Mr. 
Santer at the G-7 summit ex- 
plaining the economic situation 
m Europe?” 

from work Thursday, crippling 
virtually all commerce and 
transportation in Africa’s most 
populous country and biggest 
oil producer. 

The demonstrations, which 
local analysts called the most 
dramatic ever witnessed here, 
were held to protest General 

rign exchange income, which 
were about S10 billion last year. 
Rank-and-file oil workers went 
mi strike July 4 to protest the 
Abadra regime. The strike has 

matter what the government 
does, we wfll not go away.” 

For their part. General Aba- 
nha and other military officials 
have been uncharacteristically 
restrained, except to warn that 
the strikes were illegal and that 
“extremists” and “malcon- 
tents” would be dealt with 

The Vanguard, one of Nige- 

blackout now looks imminent 
as an acute shortage of gas hits 
key power stations across the 

General Abacha, among the 
last of a generation of African 

since expanded to include most 021 3 bjSgcst daily newspapers, 
public employees, teachers, bn- 5?“®? m * front-page article 
rcaucrats and physicians. 

What was most worrisome, 

a woodless coup in November. 
However, he has repeatedly 
said the military will eventually 
return to the barracks and leave 
the governing to driHans. 

Thursday that “a nationwide But General Abacha has 

seemingly done his best to 

obliterate what little was left of 
Nigeria’s fragile democratic in- 
stitutions. He dissolved the 
country’s recently elected Na- 
tional Assembly and all state 
and local governments, arrested 
dozens of journalists and politi- 
cal dissidents, closed several 
newspapers, and abandoned 
the country’s economic restruc- 
turing program with the Inter- 
national Monetary Fund and 
other aid donors. 

Sani Abacha’s refusal to hand local and Western analysts said, A T?ThTd^ A m y-,, n , , , rriw . , . 

elected civil- was Nigeria’s history of politi- i\_T lULA. LWHl tuvatries 1 nreoten the Continent 

power back to an 
lan government. 

General Abacha has refused 
to recognize the 1993 presiden- 
tial election, which, by virtually 
all accounts, was won by Mo- 
shood K.O. Abiola. Chief 
Abiola, who was charged with 
treason last month, was deeded 
bail at a bearing on Thursday. 

The walkout was held despite 

cal intransigence and sudden, 
explosions. Some people saw a 
looming political catakrophe. 

“We’re going to make gov- 
erning this country virtually im- 
possible,” said Iyo Opadokm, a 
coordinator for the National 
Democratic Coalition, the main 
opposition group. “No matter 
how many arrests are made, no 





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r i‘ i* iii 

Escort Senica 
Tab 01 / 3SI W 48 

Continued from ftige 1 

vided a strong and valuable net- 
work of extended family, a sys- 
tem of collective welfare and a 
refuge from states that often 
have been rapacious. 

However, colonial borders 
that ignored African realities, 
haphazardly slicing through 
tribal territories, combined with 
the upheavals of postindepen- 
dence politics, have made Afri- 
ca uniquely susceptible to trib- 
alism’s centrifugal pulls, 
observers say. Most of die con- 
tinent’s civil wars* at least 20 in 
three decades, have had a sig- 
nificant ethnic component. 

Such forces appeal even more 
in an era of tremendous anxiety 

Mr. Davidson, Mr. Mazrui 
and many other historians and 
political scientists azgne that 
much of Africa’s tribal conflict 
can be blamed on the inheri- 
tance of highly centralized 
states that, in standard colonial 
“dhTde-and-rule” style, dele- 
gated most power to a favored 
tribe, or tribes. After indepen- 
dence, this characteristic 
evolved into political systems in 
which the winners, usually the 
dominant ethnic group; took all 
and the losers got precious lit- 
tle. Many of the 
took up arms. 

erf the 38 yearn since indepen- 

And in Iiboia,-U.S. govern- 
ments bolstered the rule of 
Americo-LIberians/the descen- 

al the expense of indigenous 
tribes. Conflict between those 
groups persists to this day. 

Unscrupulous African gov- 
ernments also have played ope 
group against another for their 
own ends. 

In South A f ri c a, the white- 
mmority government fanned 

In Nigeria, home to at least groups to forestall a joint 
250 etiuuc groups, British polo- fr^^sssanlf on their white 

niaiists catered to toe large Fu- Jhc government divided 
lam and Hansa tribes m the r!^ 11 So j u h Africans into 30 

UUtiUJ xuiAJAA^ — — — — i m w mu . _» • .. — rtw a iv j 

within Africa, already the Muslim north. Northern groups b «5ed homelands, a 

xatinent and have maintained hegemony m CUSS|C “vide-and-rule tactic ■ 

world’s poorest continent and 
growing poorer. Most countries 
are faced wi to huge atto mount- 
ing debts, and their economies 
and agricultures are stagnant or 
shri nkin g- Meanwhile, their 
populations are skyrocketing, 
foreign aid is declining, and 

their governments are over- 
whelmingly incompetent and 
corrupL lhe absence of a sig- 
nificant middle class, the bal- 
last of dvil society, also con- 
tributes to instability. 

Today more than ever, Africa 
is prey to what the historian 
Basil Davidson calls “the curse 
of the nation state.” African 
states remain artificial entities 
still struggling to find legitima- 
cy in the eyes oTtoeir dtizemy. 

politics ever onoe, a 
ity that set off the seces^- 
skmist war of southern- Biafra 
from 1967 to 1970 and contin- 
ues today with the nortbem- 
domrnated imlitaiy’s denial of 
power -to Moshood K.O. 
Abiola. Chief Abiola, a south- 
erner; was the apparent victor 
in dvffian presidential elections 
last year chat the military gov- 
ernment annulled before results 
could be announced. 



Kenya, human . rights 
, have accused President 
•mud arap MoTs government 

MoTs minority Kalergin ethnic 
giwp and the larger Kikuyu 
and Luo tribes. ThTesSS 

*“? displaced 

jhouMnds of people and .dis- 


yew, threatens to bod over into 

TheBagandain Uganda were 
granted similarly prefe rential 
treatment by the British. 

In Sudan, the British treated 
north and south as separate but 
unequal entities, and toe two 
halves have been at war for 28 

dvil war. 

published in the Offi- 
cial Gazette, the decree could 
lead to the release from prison 
oT 2,000 of thc most prominent 
commtion suspects and their 
transfer to boose arrest ■ 

Mr- Berlusconi's justice min- 
ister, Alfredo Zfioodi, said, the 
decree would provide “greater 
guarantees for the ordinary citi- 
zen,” ■■ 

' &rt; at a news conference in 
Milan, alyir.XH Pietro declared 
toat the order, which most be 
ratified' by Parliament within 
two months, “does not allow us 
to deal effectively with the 
crimes we are investigating.” 

“Even those against whom 
there is crashing proof of cor- 
ruption can no longer be jafled 
to prevent them from hiding 
evidence,” he said. 

As a result, the 44-year-old 
magistrate said, he and other 
investigators were seeking 
transfers to other cases “with- 
out toe strident contrast be- 
tween what conscience de- 
mands and what the law 

It was not immediately 
known if their request had been 
accepted. The other mag&raies 
seeking transfers in.'wh&L 
seemed a direct challenge to 
Mr. BeriusooniV government 
were PieTcamillo Davigo, 
Francesco Greco and Gherardo' 

Their move drew animmedi-, 
ate and scatoing response from 
Mr. Bedusconrs aides. Gith 
luuto Ferrara, the govoenmeat 
spokesman, said a public insti- 
tution such as the nugistratnre. 
did not need “heroes" or “char-, 
ismatic figures.” 

The Northern . League leader, 
Umberto Bossi, himself faring; 
trial because of Mir. Di Pietro’s, 
investigation into illegal financ- 1 
mg of . political parties, said: “If, 
they want to go, let them. They* 
can’t put press ur e on polity 
dans.”' . 

Mr. Berlusconi, whose owtT 
brother Pablo is facing tnH-bo* 
corruption charges after a spdl’ 
m preventive detention last 
March, offered no immediate 
comment on what is. bound to 
bemterpreted here as. a further 
to coQsedidate power by 
[ding public restitutions. . 

Since takingoffice, Mr. Ber- 
lusconi's government has 
forced changes in toe key per- 
sonnel at toe st^lribadctttmg 
and intefligence soTvices and is 
embroiled m a public row over' 
appointments at toe Central- 
™Jc,.a supposedly indepen-; 
doit body. 

“Berlusconi andlns adjusters convnKxrithat,to 

govern, they need to enter the 1 
control room, open toe strong* 1 
boxes, control the mtauphoDCS 
and the television cajineri&.pu** 

someone they trust at the mint,' 

substitute the *8ervralsf ^ ^ 

bid with ‘servant^ of toencWr ' 

said Sd^ Rbtnand, * cohnn-.' 
oisL v. r • 

By Alan Cowell 

New Yak Tima Sendee 

ROME —^Thc magistrates 
. whose corruption investigations 
brought down Italy’s political 
old guard sought to quit Thurs- 
day in protest over a decree 
franTrinre Minister Silvio Ber- 
lusconis govrenment -depicted 
as a direct attempt to block 
thdr inquiries. 

The magistrates’ decision, 
announced by Anttmio Di Pie- 
tro, an investigator who is new 
a nati onal hero, for his role in 
corruption inquiries that aided 
a political era, threatened Italy 
with its most serious crisis since 
.Mr. Berlusconi and his Rightist 
opponents won power is 'Sec- 
tions last March as the champi- 
ons of a ncwpolitical order. 

“The era that is ending, and 
there isnopoint hiding the fact, 
jstfcatof^ Tangerttopotian&riAMi 

foreign observers called toe 
Italian resolution,” said Mar- 
cello Sorgi, a political commen- 

Tangentopoli, or Bribe Qty, 
was the label Italian newspa- 
pers attached to judicial inqui- 
ries revealing a vast network of 
graft implicating thousands erf 
b usinessmen and politicians in 
billion-doll ar kickbacks for 
government contracts "and fa- 
vors. ■ ..... 

As a result of the. probe, the 
Christian Democrats, who had 
-dominated Italian politics for 
four decades, were disgraced 
along wito.lheir Socialist allies, 
leaving a power vacuum fiHed 
in March by Mr. Bcriusconi and 
his Coalition, partnms, toe sepa- 
ratist-minded Ncuthem League 
and the neofasdst Natureal AL 

On Wednesday night, Mr. 
BekhisocHti’s.govaimiait issued 
a decree preventing toe magis- 
trates from using preventive de- 
tention, toe most controversial 
and effective tool .of their inves- 
tigations, a gains t corruption 


i s 



f '«o« 

i ' -<■ 

\ ! -v 




vs > 


. . r _ exac- 
,°riasions in Afri- 
Sc kodod and land- 

- The. practicc of jailing cpf 
niptioQ suspects has been 

(>.1 ,L _ " 

and have-Mts. Competition 
i^ions or nSgons 

tlfln 'iwtiii!.* * . 

amnrist— -is 

wTsCKopen tne iangraiop^^ 
fair. But it was critkfrid'Q? 
only by its’ victims, bat also c 
toe U^. Slate Departments 
1993 - global review . of -ham® 

” t r m 1 1 gin * ■ iu nl 1 



International Herald Tribune, Friday, July 15, 1994 

Page 9 


Tribune World Stock Index ©, composed of 
k„ s 10 ^ from 25 countries, compiled 

by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1 , 1992-.1QQ. 

120 — 

F M 



M J J 


■ ftsia./Pacific 

Europe- i 

Appfra. wetgrtb^:32% 
Close: 13106 Prav_- 132.46 


Appm. 37% RBI 

Close: 114.36 Prev- 1 13L91 

".V- m" » • , if 


F M A M J 



F M A M J J 
1993 1991 

■ North America 

Latin America 

Appnu. weighting: 26% 
dose: 92.68 Pnv- 91^2 
150 — 


Axxox. Wfsghfciff B% BW 

Cfcgj 117.75 PfWJ 114S4 

The Mu I neks US. doner values at docks Jru Tokyo. Nw Ywfc, London, and 
Argentina, Australia, Austria, Balgfunv Braz*, Cmla, CMa, Damnaifc FMond. 
Franca, Germany. Hong Kong, Italy, Mateo, Ne&Mrtenda. Now Zealand, Norway, 
Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Sabalud and Venezuela. For Tokyo, Now York end 
London, the Mur is compose d at the 20 top haunt *i terms at market caa k ate ai iog 
ottwrmse the ten top stocks am tracked 

Industrial Sectors 











111.62 11125 +0-33 

Capital Goods . 





121J2 121.42 4tMt’ 


124 38 




110£7 118.45 4ai9 

Conaomer Goods 

9 928 



119.12 117B1 +1.11 




+4.14 - 

For mom infomaGon about tf» lndex.3bookktls8YaiteblefrBB of charge. 

Write to Tribtndax. 181 Amnue Charles da Gaulle, 32521 NeuHyCedex. France. 

Glaxo Macy Yields to Takeover Bid by Federated 



LONDON — Glaxo Hold- 
ings PLC, the ’world's second- 

ny, said Thursdayihat it was 
switching control of its cash re- 
serves ai £22 billion ($3 billion) 
to outside managers following 
losses in the bond market tikdy 
to exceed £100 million. 

Glaxo said it would not dis- 
close the extent of its losses un- 
til Sent 8, when it reports earn- 
ings for the financial year that 
ended on June 30. 

But one executive with 
knowledge of the company’s 
holdings said that Glaxo was 
still determining how much it 
lost <m its investments and that 
its current best estimate was 
£105 miDion. 

The spokesman said Glaxo 
had sold S55 million of securi- 
ties on Monday. 

With the disclosure of the 
problem, Glaxo has joined oth- 
er multinationals, including 
Procter Sc Gamble Co., MetaH- 
geseflschaft AG and Gibson 
Greetings Xno, winch have suf- 
fered extensive portfolio losses 
in recent months. 

Glaxo said it would lay off its 
10 Bermuda-based fund man- 
agers as it hands over its portfo- 
lio to an outside manag er and 
would dose the Bermuda unit, 
which invested the conmany’s 
cash reserves in three different 

Glaxo said the imit had in- 
vested about £880 million in the 
money markets, about £1.1 bil- 
lion in the U.S. mortgage- 
backed-securities market and 
about £220 mUBon in more 
complex products, including 
trior-made securities known as 
structured notes. 

Tumbling bond prices this 
year took many large investors 
by this year ana- 

lysts sard that Glaxo’s losses did 
not appear disproportionate. 

Even the bond-trading spe- 
cialist Salomon Brothers Inc. 
has said it expects a loss of S200 

Compiled bt Ovf Sag Frm Dispatches 

NEW YORK — R.H. Macy 
& Co„ ending a seven-month 
struggle to stay independent, 
gave m Thursday to a S4.1 bil- 
lion takeover by Federated De- 
partment Stores Inc. that would 
create the largest department 
store company in the United 

The combined company 
would have more than 300 de- 
partment stores in almost every 
major market, and annual reve- 
nue exceeding 513 billion. 

The companies said that 
when a definitive merger agree- 
ment is reached, they will Hie a 
joint reorganization plan for 
Macy. which is currently under 
bankruptcy court protection. 

Macy, which had hoped to 
return to public ownership un- 
do - its current management, 
ended six months of opposition 
to Federated. The merger 


compassing such chains as 
Bloomingdale's. Burdine’s, 
Lazarus and Bullock's, as well 
as Macy's. 

The agreement comes as 
Macy's bondholders threw their 

billion in the combined compa- 
ny. more than they would have 
received under Macy's S3.83 
billion plan to remain indepen- 

The New York retailer, 
which entered Chapter 1 1 pro- 

The combined company would have more 
than 300 department stores and annual 
revezuze exceeding §13 billion. 

support behind Federated's 
proposal rather than Macy’s 
plan to remain independent as 
it emerges from Chapter II. 
The two companies expect to 
file a joint reorganization plan 
with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court 
by Aug. I. 

Under the plan, Macy’s cred- 
itors would receive a combina- 
tion of S378.3 million in cash. 
SI .95 billion in debt and SI. 8 

rgeriings in January 1992, hopes 
to exit by January. 

Bondholders owed SI. 3 bil- 
lion out of a total S6 billion in 
claims against Macy pulled 
their support from Macy last 
week when Federated boosted 
its offer to them to about $500 
million from S400 million. 

Secured creditors had 
switched to Federated’s side in 
May, after the Cincinnati-based 

operator of 230 department 
stores sweetened its offer and 
promised to guarantee the value 
of the equity of a combined 

Federated operates Blporo- 
ingdale’s, Lazarus, Abraham & 
Straus, Rich's, Bon Marchfc, 
Bur dines. Goldsmith's, Jordan 
Marsh and Stem's. Macy oper- 
ates 111 Macy’s and Bullock's 
department stores. 12 I. Mag- 
nin stores and more than 100 
specialty stores 

In midaftemoon trading. 
Federated slock was up 62.5 
cents, at S20.875. 

The two companies said that 
Myron Ullman 3d, the Macy 
chairman. Allen Questrom, the 
Federated chairman, and James 
Zimmerman, the Federated 
president, would form a three- 
member office of chairman. 

The two companies said Mr. 
Ullman and three other direc- 

tors will be nominated to Fe- 
derated’s board. 

Macy bonds surged in morn- 
ing trading on news of the im- 
pending merger. Macy’s senior 
bonds due 1998 were quoted as 
high as 68.5 bid. up from 
Wednesday's close at about 

Macy's 1416 bonds due 2001 
were as high as 32, up from 
Wednesday's close of 28.125. 
The zero-coupon bonds were at 
9, up from Wednesday’s close 
of 825. 

One person close to the nego- 
tiation estimated that Macy 
would save $30 milli on in legal 
fees and professional services 
by tiling a plan jointly with 

That is because most credi- 
tors would not have backed 
Macy’s plan to emerge from 
bankruptcy as an independent 
company. (Bloomberg, AP) 

© mwcTWffonel HeraJdTribuw QLAXO, P*ge 15 

U.S. Lowers Forecasts 
For Long-Term Growth 

By Keith Bradsher 

Sew York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — White House officials said Thursday that 
the U.S. economy was closer to operating at full capacity than 
they had previously thought, and they slightly lowered their 
forecasts for economic growth in the late 1990s as a result 

The reduction in forecasts was a signal that economic growth 
was likely to cool as factories and other businesses operate at full 
speed, making expansion diffi cult without investment in new 
factories and equipment Fearing that the economy was already 
dose to runnin g at fnH capacity and could overheat fueling 
inflation, the Federal Reserve Board has raised short-term interest 
rates four times this year. 

None of the officials at a White House press conference on 
Thursday discussed the Fed’s actions. Bui their comments sug- 
gested an acceptance of the central bank's moves so far. although 
Treasury Secretary Lloyd Benisen said as recently as last Friday 
that he saw no need for further interest-rale increases. 

The officials at the press conference, led by Mr. Bentsen, also 
affirmed predictions for near-term growth, made in February. 
They said the economy would expand 3 percent this year and 2.7 
percent next year, and that inflation would remain moderate. 

Laura D* Andrea Tyson, bead of the President's Council of 
Economic Advisers, said faster- than-cxpect ed growth this year 
and next had forced the government to trim forecasts for 1996. 
1997 and 1998 by a tenth of a percentage point in each year. 

Mr. Bentsen also repealed in strong terms his desire that the 
dollar hold its value in international currency markets, although 
he did not mention what be would do if the dollar fell further. “Let 
me state that obviously we are concerned and want a strong dollar. 
and that is important,” he said. 

Record Profit at Chrysler 

ConrpJeri hr Oar Staff From Dispatches 

Michigan — Chrysler Corp. 
announced on Thursday 
profit for the second quarter 
of S9S6 million, its highest 
quarterly return ever and 
nearly 40 percent better than 
last year. 

Auto industry analysts had 
expected Chrysler to report 
t-amingc of around $925 mil- 
lion to $950 milli on. 

The company's share price 
was little changed, however, 
and slipped 75 cents to close 
at S49.375. 

Chrysler is the first of the 
Big Three U.S. automakers to 
publish its second-quarter re- 
sults. Its bigger competitors. 
Ford Motor Q). and General 
Motors Corp., are scheduled 
to publish their results in a 
matter of days. 

Wall Street analysts have 
predicted a combined profit 
of of $235 billion, nearly 
twice the sum recorded a year 

Chrysler has been on a roll 
recently, earning high marks 

for new products like the 
Dodge Ram truck, Plymouth 
Neon and its LH line of se- 
dans. It has also benefited 
from a general upturn in the 
economy and the car indus- 

The carmaker said revenue 
rose 19 percent, to S13.1 bil- 
lion. in the period, compared 
with the Hke quarter a year 

The latest profit figure, 

Honda (dans to trim its exports 
to America. Page 13. 

S ual to S235 a share on a 
lly diluted basis, compared 
to $1.69 a share a year ago 
and was considerably above 
expectations by most Wall 
Street analysts of a figure 
near $2.27. 

In the 1993 quarter, the 
company bad registered a 
$110 milli on one-time gain 
from stock and asset sales, 
making the latest results even 
more impressive. 

The company said it sold 

702,802 vehicles worldwide 
dining the quarter, up from 
657,050 in the 1993 period. 

Through the first six 
months of the year, Chiysler’s 
U.S. car and truck sales were 
up about 11 percent, with 
trucks, minivans and Jeeps 
accounting for nearly two- 
thirds of the automaker’s to- 
tal sales. 

At the same time, Chrysler 
has achieved dramatic cost 
reductions by updating its as- 
sembly operations and farm- 
ing out work to outside sup- 
pliers. As a result, it managed 
to boost its profit per vehicle 
to SI 300 from S810 a year 

However, Chrysler’s repu- 
tation for below-average 
quality continues to haunt the 

In the latest annual J JO. 
Power & Associates survey of 
vehicle quality, issued last 
month, none of Chrysler’s 
cars exceeded the industry 
average for initial quality. 

See CARS, Page 15 

Thinking Ahead /Commentary 

No Way lor Europe to Pick a President 

By Reginald Dale 

International Herald Tribute 

sels a small group of men are 
meeting on Friday to make 
an important decision for 
the future of Europe. It is a sure bet that 
they will fa3 to rise to the occasion. 

The leaders of the 12 countries of the 
European Union will undoubtedly select 
the wrong person to be president ofthe 
European Commission for the next, cru- 
cial five years. 

At a time when the UmccQ sorely needs 
visionar y leadership to repel the resur- 
gent forces of nationalism and unite the 
continent, the 12 heads of gove rnment 
ca n be counted on to ensure it has to 
settle for second best. The new president 
will reflect the lowest common denomi- 
nator of what is acceptable to all 12 — o r 
at least to Britain, France and Germany. 

The odds-on favorite is Jacques 
San ter, the prime minister of Luxem- 
bourg, about whose leade r ship potential 

some of the lander words used have been 

“mediocre” and “uninspiring.” 

But even if Mr. Sants is not chosen, 
the alternatives- are hardly likely to be 
any better. To save his own poEtical skin. 
Prune Minister John Major of Britain 
feds obliged to veto anyone too enthusi- 
astically committed to a stronger Union. 

Mr. Major’s colleagues have yielded 
with surprisingly little fight. France and 
Germany seem to be more interested m 
saving face thm in finding the best can- 
didate. The smaller countries that ought 

tobe fighting for a top-notch personality 
have given up far too easily. 

France’s conservative government has 
quietly joined Britain in seeking a more 
subservient and less political commis- 
sion, shifting power to the national gov- 
ernments and away from the Union’s 
central institutions. 

- It is perhaps not surprising that weak 
rational leaders do not want a 
competitor in Brussels. It has become i 

Ike leaders of the 12 
countries ofthe European 
Union will undoubtedly 
select the wrong person to 
be president of the 
European Commission. 

too«>nmw*i for national governments to 

use the commisison as a scapegoat for 
their own failings. 

BBtit is too easy to blame the commis- 
sion for Europe’s problems. The picture 
of a bloated twreaucracy intent on har- 
monizing everything, so often put about 
by its critics m Britain, is quite amply 
false. Byany bureaucratic standard the 
commission is a slimline organization — 
and h long ago reined in the harmoniza- 
tion impulse. ' 

Such misconceptions are partly the 
amumssaon’s own fault It has always 
been poor at its own public relations. 
Now it is demoralized by bad manage- 

ment under the current president Jac- 
ques Delors. 

But to weaken its role too far at the 
expense of governments would make a 
mockery of the Union's founding priud- 

ForJhe common cause, the governments 
for national interests. 

If Europe is to overcome its atavistic 
rivalries and divisions in the post-Cold 
War era, it needs a strong commission to 
act as the Union’s referee and the insti- 
gator of further progess. It needs a strong 
president at a time when governments, 
except perhaps in Germany, are failing 
to give a leal • 

The challenges now facing the Union 
have never been greater. During the next 
president’s five-year term, those chal- 
lenges mil include integrating Central 
and Eastern Europe into the Union, 
tackling unemployment, forging a new 
relationship with the United States, get- 
ting economic and monetary anion back 
on track and deciding the Union’s future 
institutional structure. 

Foisting a second-rate president on 
Europe in this cavalier fashion can only 
confirm the fears of a skeptical public 
that the Union is run in a contemptuous, 
nondanocratic manner. 

ideally, the president of Europe’s ex- 
ecutive branch should be elected like the 
president of United States. That is not 
going to happen soon. So it is aS up to 
newly elected European Padiament. It 
should throw out the choice of the beads 
of government — and demand they come 
up with someone better. 


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Page 10 


U.S. Stocks Rally 
On Strong Profits 


Compiled by Our Staff From DupachB 

NEW YORK — U.S. stocks 
rallied Thursday, supported by 
bond-market gains, by opti- 
mism about corporate profits 
and strength in technology 

The Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage closed 34.97 points high- 
er, at 3,739-25. Advancing is- 
sues led declines 3 to 1 on the 

U.S. Stocks " 

New York Stock Exchange, 
where volume totaled 320.8 mil- 
lion shares. 

Bonds rallied after the Com- 
merce Department reported re- 
tail sales rose 0.6 percent in June, 
in line with expectations. The 
benchmark 30-year Treasury 
bond was priced at 84 29/32 and 
yielded 7.54 percent, down from 
7.67 percent on Wednesday. 

Moderate growth in retail 
sales is bullish for bonds market 
because it means the economy is 
growing at a pace that is not fast 
enough to stir much inflation. 

Mary Farrell, an analyst at 
PaineWebber, said that 
Wednesday’s runup in small 
technology stocks has spread to 
bigger technology names. 

IBM finis hed 1% higher at 

58H, Motorola gained % to 50 
and Hewlett Packard rose 1% to 

But Digital Equipment 
shares lost I V* to 20tt after the 
company said it expected to 
take a restructuring charge of 
$12 billion for the fourth quar- 
ter ended July 2 and cut 20,000 
jobs in a year. 

But unexpectedly strong 
earnings from Chrysler and 
A himax Inc^ a major aluminum 
producer, provided more evi- 
dence of strong second-quarter 
earnings. “Chrysler came out 
with a dynamite quarter, and 1 
think that was enough to 
change the psychology,” said 
Stan Feeley, chief investment 
officer of SunAmerica Asset 

Aiumax gained IV* to 27%, 
although Chrysler fell % to 49%. 

Stocks also got a boost from a 
spate of big merger agreements, 
traders said. Tyco International 
offered to buy Kendall Interna- 
tional for Si. 4 billion; Nextel 
Communications plans to buy 

One Comm for $650 million; and 
IDB Communications said it 
was discussing a takeover by 
LDDS Communications. 

( Bloomberg,, Reuters, AP) 

Dollar Shakes Lethargy 
On Bentsen’s Comment 

Compiled by Our Staff Front Dispatches 

NEW YORK — The dollar 
rebounded, from early doldrums 
in late trading Thursday follow- 
ing comments from Treasury 
Secretary Lloyd Bentsen. 

Mr. Bentsen’s rhetoric gave 
the currency a lift because 
many traders inte rp reted it to 
mean that the Federal Reserve 
Board would raise interest rates 
or buy dollars. 

The dollar dosed at 1.5552 
Deutsche marks, up more than a 

Foreign Exchange 

pfennig from Wednesday and 
extending the rally for a third 
day. It also rose against the yen 
far a second day to 98.595 from 

The dollar reinforced its climb 
when braids gained on a govern- 
ment retail sales report indicat- 
ing the economy was not grow- 
ing fast enough to spur inflation. 

“The dollar fell too far, and 
the bonds became cheap, so peo- 
ple bought both,” said Paul Far- 
rell of Chase Manhattan Bank. 

Earlier in the day, comments 
from the Bundesbank presi- 

v B Modeled Pro 

Dow Jonas industrial average 

m ’ . . . 

Dow Jones Averages 

QpfB HJ*h Low Lost CbB- 

Indus 371840 374U3 170331 3739.25 »34J7 
Trans lfflOM l4Ci66 158244 15*7.15 -1M? 
UN 1RL« 16284 179 87 I CU1 *2JH . 
cam imimzwaa amiiKH -oi* 




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forward -1S4280 134100 153280 153280 

S tanda r d A Poor’s faxleaos ‘w* 

HIM Low LOST Setlfc CNW 

.1*480 1IU5 16100 1SV2S — Ofl 

MUO UMO 14100 14530 — VS 

TO SO 1U2! 16135- M4J5 —050 

NYSE Most Actives 

CDmpM s 





Gold s 

Vot M*l 
104370 31 
04979 MW 
SWK 3314 
4570 SOM 
3541« 37% 
35310 51 ‘A 
3435? 25V, 

31073 GYl 
19357 5* V, 
27524 KVi 
24577 54V. 

MS7 41* 
M417 47% 
MOM 2114 
23756 21* 

HM Low a*M Ch*o* 
Industrials 539 J7 52123 SMI + 4J8 

Tram 387.38 3S1J6 331*6 +3J" 

UI(H1i« 15587 151*7 15548 +121 

Finance 45*7 6C38 65M +066 

SP 500 4SU3 *4373 45141 +448 

SP 100 471,40 414J8 420JI +130 

NYSE Indexes 

CDmMSite 2SQJ6 247*3 25 J4 *171 , 

MustrMs 309 M 305J6 7U *112 

Tram 246*9 24U3 745*1 +153 

Ulfflty 70141 20156 W4J8 -2*2 

Ptaa 21110 TOPS! 21108 -1ST 

NASDAQ Indexes 

Comraftc 73*44 7213* 72194 +4*1 

Irtduslrtffls 73*57 73156 73387 +4J3 

Bar*9 74444 744*9 74172 *1*4 

irauronor m * i eno 8M8t -zso 

Finance 93147 929.31 93147 * 3*3 

Transp. 69444 69049 69444 +8*0 

Scot . 20450 2647*0 3 

forward . MLR 3*8300 2 


fiBtMri per Metric tan 
Spot 50650 £8758 

Forward 99700 39750 


Dam pe- metric ton 
Soot - <29000 ann ' < 
Forward 430000 438500 i 


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Seal S6&M 537100 5 

Forward 542500 563500 5 

ZINC (SradalHtt Grade) 
Dollar* w metric t« 

Spot msB 972JB 

Forward 99SOO 99408 


>00 223000 

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628000 627000 
6X5000 63SOQ 

SUM a*" 
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96800 98900 
9*100 *9100 

as* w-wwhus 

Ect vofonte: MEM. Qpm (nt 83824 . 

Brent trade oS futures prices 
bom the International Petro- 
leum Exchange were not ava3- 
abk for this edition because of 

1% AMEX Stock Index 

MS* Law Lost as. 
43064 427.73 43004 +131 

Dow Jones Bond A 

NASDAQ Most Actives 


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dent. Hans Tietmeyer, pushed 
the dollar to new depths. Al- 
though he said a strong and 
stable dollar was in the interest 
of the Bundesbank and the 
global economy, be also said 
Washington held the main re- 
sponsibility for its defense. 

In New York, the IDEA se- 
nior foreign exchange analyst 
Amy Smith said the market was 
carrying out an orderly process 
of locking in profits on short 
dollar positions when Mr. Bent- 
sen said the Treasury would 
work with the Federal Reserve 
Board to achieve a stronger dol- 

According to Hugh Walsh, 
an ING Capital Markets dealer, 
although tne wording of Mr. 
Bentsen’s comments was slight- 
ly different from previous state- 
ments, the market is likely to 
treat them with skepticism until 
words are followed by action. 

“And that appears unHkefy” 
he said. The Grom) of Seven 
industrial nations iias done a 
good job of saying that interven- 
tion is not very effective. As for a 
rate hike, that appears unHkdy 
at least for the moment.” 

(Knight-Ridder, Bloomberg) 

AMEX Most Actives 

























— Vy 

4942 45%, 



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3039 311A 



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3018 11 




20 Bonds 
10 Utilities 
10 Industrials 

NYSE Diary 

Unch a n ge d 
Total Issues 
Now High* 
New Lows 

AMEX Diary 

Total issues 
New lows 


, Decnnoc 
NOW Lows 

1 Spot Co mm o di ti es 


B8MM . ptl Of M81H3 

Sea 9637 9450 K57 +U6 

DK 9482 93A5 9408 +B.15 

Mar 9149 HJ1 9341 +0.17 

Jao 9256 9179 92» +0.T7 

S*0 9250 9233 9250 +2U 

DK 92J3 *134 *2.10 +ai6 

MO 9147 9L7S 9LS7 +RI9 

Joa 9155 9150 9L64 +8.H 

Iw *140 9127 *141 +L15 

CMC J12Z 9L0* 9T23 +8,17 

IBr W3 ■ 9087 nm +ou 

Jan *071 9074 9838 +013 

ESI. volume: 87560 Open fnt: 51W2SL 

n MSMon - mb onto per 
Sea 902 9446 9Ut +012 

Dec 903 9334 9U7 +833 

Mar N.T. N.T. . 3179 +113 

Jao 9344 9346 M +014 

Sac 93.79 93J9 9X34 +033 

Est vaiwne: 256. Open Int; 4183. i 

DM1 amBaa - PtS Bf 188 Kt 

Mar 9*35 9632 94J3 +0A8 

§ 9*49 9656 9664 +OD* I 

960 9*31 9641 ‘ +066 ' 

■ 9*33 9433 9*12 +007 I 

9354 9185 9354 +QJET 

S 9174 9143 9173 +006 

*346 9341 9352 +007 

DK 9121 *3-15 9386 +008 

MOT *387 *2.9* TOM +086 

Ja 9216 9286 9252 +OB8 

Eat vehtmu: 7*560 0MB Inti 8678B5. 

a 10+13 IBSOO: TO+OO +M4 

N.T. N.T. WM5 +0-25 

EstvohiTBe: 65450 Opm let: 11400 - 

Sac 9640 93.12 9*38 +090 

Dec *133 9257 9345 +OA4 

EcLvofonw.* U1JO. Open tat: 7 16240 1. 

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Sources; Mailt. Asmclatcd Press, 
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73W MATir mas domO Thursday tar a hoN - 1 

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9-14 105 
7-22 05 

1- ZJ K 
0X6 946 

02 O-l 
741 749 
022 9-12 
745 012 
7-22 0-1 

749 015 


Tyco to Take Over Kendall 


International 1 intended to acquire the 

'-■» • si - 4 

■ tots and industiy. “The 

sap m tte strategy we 

& Kozlpwski, Tyco’s 
cJwJnifln.and ^{^^^^ eooOH iK)n stodc worth up 

will also assume Kendall’s $178 to $5350 at 

Kendall shares mIEed on the na^3^» to|53|0 a 
£ %fg™ aa ™ 30 times normal edooe -Tyco £>«***£» 

DEC to Cat 20,000 Jobs This Year 

The ' Associated Pros 

BOSTON — Digital Equipment Corp. aimoimc^detafls 
Thursday of a long-awaited restructunng, wm *5 , c ®TO ny 
wwMmt 20,000 jobs era the new year and take a $U bilhon 

Ctt ^ ^m i3TO accdcrntc Digital, . one of 

th> terser it s. rrminHter makers, has lostS4 bflhoa in four years, 
executive, Robert B. 

would cut theconq»rw’s expenses by $L8 bflhan a year. Digital 
would be left with 65,000 employees ^ ‘ ^ 

In addition to the special charge, which wiH be taken against the 
quarter that ended July 2, Mr. Palmer said Digital would absrab 
™ caum in nrmt+pch rumenses associated with wo teous 

feff intang ible assets. . J , 

The' company’s fourth-qnarter results are due out the week of- 

July-25.-- . .. : - 

“There was a growing impatience that they werent moving 


Management in Sni Iranosco. 

A profit in the ApcQ-toJfiiiie quarter last year ended more than 
two years bf losses fbr Digital, bot' fce coigpany has not made 
money ance^ Its loss of- $183 twHlion in. the first three mon t hs of 

In March, Digital cmplowd 92^X)0. Last week, Digital said it 
wraild &hm factonesin Mcsqco ?n<i New Mexico over the next six 
months, affecting about 1,070 arq^oyees. _ - . 

Mr. Pahner has ivwtie np Wfth if iwnclute of six business units, 
mriiiiiiiig tiirce prodnct.fft)iq)Stj>Aat will report to; hnn. The 
computer Systems group wB be led by Enrico Pesawri* a compo- 
nents group will be kd by CHAdes Christ and an advanoxl 
tccfmofoffv crom) vk 2I be led bv Wfflurn Strecker. 

Mirfcat Salas | 









< PJTV. 






Dobbt ONdraMlC lb 
Iran FOB. ton 
SM*I (scrap), ton 
Tin, lb 
Zinc. 8b 
















IPs never been easier 1o subscribe 
and save. Just Gall toll-free : 
0800 1 7538 

J. P. Morgan Profit Stung by Trading Downturn 

Compiled by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Stung by turbulent 
financial markets that hamme red its trad- 
ing businesses, J. P. Morgan & Co. said 
Thursday that second-quarter earnings fell 
19 percent from the level a year agp, to 
$350 million. 

“The quarter’s results were affected by 
adverse conditions in the global market.” 
said Dennis Weatberstone, the chairman. 

Unlike most commercial banks, Mor- 
gan’s primary business is financing large 
corporations, underwriting their corporate 

bonds and trading securities for those cus- 
tomers and itself. 

As such, Morgan’s fortunes are tightly 
ifnVflri to financial markets and the bets it 
makes on the direction of those markets. 

The news does not bode well for other 
large banks with substantial trading busi- 

With the price erf stocks and bonds fall- 
ing over the past several months, Morgan, 
the third-1 argest U.S. banking company, 
saw profits from its trading operations 
plummet 56 percent to $228 miDion. com- 

pared with $520 minion in the second 
quarter of 1993. 

Morgan’s second-quarter trading reve- 
nue was $288 million, compared with $356 
mini on in the first quarter and $520 mil- 
lion a year earlier. 

Morgan said results from trading debt 
instruments, currenaes, swaps «niT other 
interest rate instruments fdl from a year- 
ago since the firm took smaller rikk posi- 
tions and had modest positioning losses in 
some markets. ■ 
(AP, Reuters) 

technology grorq) wfll be led by Wffimn Strecker. 

Salomon Trader Fined $1.1 Million 

• WASHINGTON (AFJ^— “PariT.’MocDer: the framer Salomon 
Brothers TncLboad trad^ who i^syed a-central nrfe in a 1991 
Treastny bond-bidding scandal, was fmod $1.1 million and barred 
from the Securities industry for EfepTegulaiors said Thursday. 

nrepeuaRies resolve a Securities aad Exchange Commission 
dvil inYe^^tioD against Mq^cX^ a former Salomon manag- 
ing <&ectra.9mo pleaded, gmi^'-earher '.thk year' to crinima] 
dmrgcs in theacandaL A fcderal j&dgc in New York sentenced 
hi^^wWBahsiii irism lastDwarier., ■ ^ 

toSing^B^ billion in seven Treasury auctions. 

For ^Septwd : ^ \ ; 

billion alliance between MCI British 

Telecommunications Ft/C^ moving the union one step closer to 
completion. ' / - ' cr “" ( Bloomberg) 

UAL Owp; named^xfrainermdirteexecutivie as preadent of one 
of tte largest U.S. employee-owned businesses. John Edwardson, 
elected as UAL prerioent, was chief financial officer and execu- 

AiriinesJLom.AS85 fdJA^siw+MW v. ^.+ .f Bloomberg) 
PtdDeWebber Iikl, in an t rffowyo ea^and its overseas capital 
mariente business, has hired ‘‘Brian Binefoot, a fofamer Merrill 
Lyndt & Co. executive, to head's new international division of 
the brokerage house. w (Bloomberg) 




Page 11 


Deutsche Bank 
To Tackle N Y. 


By Lawrence Malkin 

Inte rnational Herald Tribune 

NEW YORK — The chief of 
Deulsche Bank’s North Ameri- 
can opera tions on Thursday unr 
veiled his plan to compete 
against Wall Street firms on 
their own turf by stressing trad- 
ing and downgrading the bank’s 
traditional reliance on corporate 

“U-S. financial institutions 
arc invading the worid, and if 

ed fraud at Balsam AO, a sports 
flooring company, and Dr. Jflr- 
gen Schneider AG, Germany's 
largest real estate company. 

Under Mr. Rolls, Deutsche 
Bazik’s separate UJS. flefdbms 

have a Iong^^to*go to read] 
powerhouse profitability. 

Mr. Rolls disclosed that dar- 
ing the Gist six months of tins 
year — a difficult one in' the 
financial markets — Deutsche 

we -—Germany — don’t go af- nnana “ markets — Deutsche 
ter them we will fail," said John r®** had increased its pretax 
A- Rolls, the former chief ffoan- hading domestic equi- 

dal officer of United Technol- 
ogies Corp. who took over 
Deutsche Bank’s North Ameri- 
can subsidiary in November 
1992 and has spent that time 
reorganizing it. 

This strategy was signaled at 
least two years ago when the 
bank's German manage sp jfl 
here that it was essentially a 
“sleeping giant” and had to tom 

itself into a powerhouse in the 
capita] markets with its world- 
wide assets of about $300 bffljon, 
its blue-chip connections, and its 
tripIe-A-credit rating — an im- 
portant asset in arranging lucra- 
tive financial swaps. 

In the past year, Deutsche 
Bank suffered huge losses from 
failures by corporate cheats, 
demonstrating that its tradition 
of rdationship banking can be a 
two-edged sword. It has lost 
money both as a shareholder 
and lender in oil trading by Me- 
taUgeseflschaft AG 

Take My Bourse, Please 

By James Hansen 

Special to At Reredd Tribune 

MILAN — The city of Mi- 
lan is trying* so far without 
much success, to give its stock 
exchange to the Palestine 
Liberation Organization. 

If negotiations currently 
under way between the presi- 
dents of the Milan Chamber 
of Commerce and its newly 
fanned Palestinian equiva- 
lent arc successful, the Milan 
Borsa, or at least the building 
and machines of which it is 
composed, will pack up and 
move lock, stock and tickers, 
to the city of Gaza in the 
Middle Eak. 

The PLOis engaged in con- 
structing a sennautonomous 
Palestinian state in Israel and 
wants to establish its own 
stock exchange. The Italians 
have one exchange too many, 
so a deal is Hedy. 

Milan’s extra stock market 
is a result of its own Big Bang. 
Anticipating the move to- 
ward electronic trading, in 
December 1987 the Borsa left 
its traditional seat in Palazzo 

ties by 130 percent, international 
equities by 2S0 percent, govern- 
ment securities by 160 percent 
and swaps by 200 percent. But 
he refused to give the exact fig- 
ures for the increases. 

Last year, Deutsche Bank 
North America reported reve- 
nue Of $454 million on $25.8 
hQ&an in assets. 

Deutsche Bank has also 
brought its largest money-los- 
ing client, Daimler-Benz A G, to 
the New York Stock Exchange. 

This has led analysts here to 

suspect that it plained to sell 

S"» Africans, tiros But Investors Have Their Doubts 

mg the bankas massive holding s 

Mezzanotte in the financial 
district to make way for con- 
tractors charged with rebuild- 
ing the structure and trans- 
forming the old pit-based 
trading system into some- 
thing more modem. 

Forced from the perma- 

Milan is trying 
to give a surplus 
stock exchange 
to the PLO. 

sent market floor, traders set 
up shop in a prefabricated 
building in the middle of the 
piazza in front of the old 
stock exchange. Now that 
work on the first building has 
been completed, it is the sec- 
ond, temporary structure that 
is on offer to the PLO. 

It offers more than 2,000 
square meters (21.527 square 
feet) of working space and 
stations for 269 traders. It 
yi«n ran handle daily trading 
volumes of 1 trillion lire ($659 
million). . 

According to Milan Stock 
Exchange officials, the last 
operators will abandon the 
building at the dose of busi- 
ness on Friday. Since the city 
now wants to get its piazza 
back, it wiB not renew li- 
censes authorizing occupa- 
tion of the structure. 

Negotiations between the 
president of the Milan Cham- 
ber of Commerce, Piero Bas- 
setti, and his Palestinian 
counterpart, Hanna Seniors, 
however, have readied what a 
Chamber spokesman calls a 
u temporary stall,’' apparently 
over a question of money. 

Insiders say the problem is 
that the PLO would like a free 
stock market, Milan would 
like to give one away but both 
would like some as yet un- 
identified third party to pick 
up the tab far demolition and 
moving expeases. 

There may be an alterna- 
tive for Milan. According to 
the Milan Chamber of Com- 
merce, which owns the struc- 
ture, (me of the new Baltic 
republics is interested in ac- 
quiring the exchange. 

Sweden Pledges Fiscal Restraint, 

in German industry. 

Mr. Rolls said the bank had 
^oo active plans” to dump its 
corporate holdings but that it 
hoped to raise money for Ger- 
man companies on Wall Street 
by seQina stock in them on the 

Swiss Up Ante WUhaPkdr 


GENEVA — Swiss authorities locked in a battle with 
Germany to land the headquarters, of the World Trade Orga- 
nization have offered Ula+mr. diplomats the right to register 
two wives, officials said Thursday. 

“We saw no reason to say no,” said a Foreign Ministry 
spokesman. He quickly dismissed a suggestion that Swrizler- 
and could be fenced to increase the offer to four, the maxi- 
mum permitted under Islamic law, if Germany were to make a 
counteroffer for three. 

“For official purposes, we think two wives should be quite 
enough,” he w>W. Swiss officials on Wednesday accused 
Germany of using undue political pressure to promote Bonn 
instead of Geneva for the successor organization to the 
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. 

Bloomberg Business News 

STOCKHOLM — The gov- 
ernment said Thursday it was 
ready to expand savings mea- 
sures to curb the budget deficit, 
but financial markets remained 

In a Parliament finance com- 
mittee hearing. Economic Min- 
ister Anne Wibble suggested ex- 
panding the so-caBetPNathalie 
plan," which contains measures 
to tighten the budget. The mea- 
sures arer worth about 100 bfl- 
Han Swedish kronor ($13 bil- 
fion) until 1999. 

Although Mrs. Wibble did 
not give details, she said efforts 
to lower the budget deficit 
should focus on cutting costs. 

Earlier this month, the gov- 
ernment said higher interest 
rales would widen the budget 
deficit to 160 billion kronor in 
the 1995 fiscal year. 

She said if the current level 
for interest rates holds up, the 
budget deficit could be up to 24 
billion kronor higher than the 
current forecast — partly be- 

cause interest-rale payments on 
public debt will rise and partly 
because the high yields will 
curb economic activity and 
therefore limit revenue. 

The committee meeting was 
prompted by the sharp drop in 
government bonds and the kro- 
na when Bjorn Wolrath, chief 
executive of Sweden's largest 
insurance company, Skandia 
Farsakring AB, said the < 
ny would not buy 
bonds until the government 
took action to reduce the defi- 

The Swedish yields on the 
benchmark 10.25 percent bond, 
due 2003 rose sharply to 11.05 
percent from 10.87 percent 
Wednesday in reaction to the 
committee bearing. 

Niklas Wdfeldt, an analyst 
at Transferator, said the bear- 
ing would not contribute to 
lowering the uncertainty on fi- 
nancial markets. 

Mr. Welfddt said the . mar- 
kets would probably force the 
government and the opposition 


Tlmraday’s Glowing 

Tables inducts tha nationwide prices up to 
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late trades ahnwhera. Wa The Associated Press 

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Continued 00 Page 12 

to agree on a savings package 
by sending bond prices down 
even further, and thus raising 
interest rates, but that it was 
unlikely to happen before the 
general elections to the Swedish 
parliament on Sept. 18. 

The center-right Swedish 
government is known to be 
strongly against increasing tax- 
es because it thinks the best way 
to improve Sweden's economy 
is to hdp businesses. 

Analysts have said the up- 
coming general elections would 
make it difficult for politicians 
to agree on concrete measures. 

bus. Wibble said there was 
no point in describing specific 
measures if it was not certain 
they would be implemented. 

“To present a proposition 
which there is insecurity as to 
whether it will be carried 
through will not contribute to 
lessening the unrest,” on finan- 
cial markets,’' she said. 

Dan Karlsson, a committee 
member from New Democracy, 
a party which the Swedish mi- 
nority government relies on for 
parliamentary support, said the 
oposal to increase the Natha- 
savings program was not 
good enough to satisfy financial 

The plunge fa bond prices 
and the resulting increased bor- 
rowing costs for the govern- 
ment and companies has wors- 
ened Sweden’s economic 
scenario, Mis. Wibble said. 

She said Sweden's total eco- 
nomic output, or gross domes- 
tic product, will rise by 2 pecent 
instead of the 3 perroent cur- 
rently forecast for this year, if 
interest rates remain high. 

ILK. Gives 
For 5th TV 

Compiled I5 Our Sicff From Dispatcha 

LONDON — Britain on 
Thursday gave the go-ahead for 
a fifth conventional television 
network and up to !2 digital 
terrestrial TV services. 

The final say about whether a 
fifth channel will become a real- 
ity, however, now rests with the 
industry oversight body, which 
said it was unhappy with ele- 
ments of the government plan. 

Peter Brooke, the national 
heritage secretary, announced 
the decision in a statement im- 
plying the government sees dig- 
ital television as a key. “We 
believe that this plan wiU create 
greater choice and diversity for 
viewers by combining the ad- 
vantages of an increased num- 
ber of television services, ini- 
tially through Channel 5, with 
opportunities for new and en- 
hanced services using digital 
transmission,*' be said. 

Mr. Brooke set out the gov- 
ernment’s plans in a letter to Sir 
George Russell, chairman of 
the Independent Television 
Commission, which regulates 
commercial television stations. 

He said the government's 
plan will make possible the start 
of an analogue Channel 5 ser- 
vice giving coverage of more 
than 60 percent of the popula- 
tion, with the option of reach- 
ing up to 90 percent with digital 
simulcasting, and the provision 
of up to 12 digital services. 

Four of these digital services 
would be used to simulcast the 

1 Investor s Europe ”11 



London Paris 

FTSE 100 Index GAG 40 


280 •• • 



modV-- - 


Sffi -V 
S100- vS 1 


2400 - 

2100 V*- 

9ITC1 C-i- 

2008 - 

1S ®-F*A- 



2980- - 

■ F M A 


M J J 




MJ J ' 















Stock Index 




















Financial Tunes 30 










General index 








+ 2 JD 7 

. Psuls 











^ock Index 


449j06 • 







Sources: Reuters. AFP 

loTcmmjcHul Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

• Rank Organization PLC the British entertainment company, 
said first-half pretax profit fell 83 percent from a year earlier, 10 
£163 million ($25.5 million), after heavy one-time charges for 
staff reductions and the closure of a U.S. video distribution unit.. 

■ Alusmsse-Loaza Holding AG said it expected 1994 net profit to 
double from 83 million Swiss francs (564 million) in 1993. 

■> Banco Popular Espabol Espanol SA of Spain said first-half net 
profit rose 13 percent from a year earlier, to 303 billion pesetas 
($240 million), but bad debts rose to 54.448 billion in the first half, 
or 2.79 percent of the total loan portfolio, from 49.805 billion. 

• Maintenance group Team Aer Lingns Ltd., a maintenance 
subsidiary of the Irish state airline Aer Ungus PLC, laid off 300 
employees this week, bringing its work force to 600 from 1,900 a 
few weeks ago. 

■ Marks & Spencer PLC, the British retailer, will invest more than 

£1 billion ($2 billion) over the next three years fa renovating and 

present four terrestrial televi- b ui l din g department stores. 

sion channels, and another • Great Universal Stores PLC, which operates the Burherrys and 
would be available to a success- Scotch House retailers,, said pretax profit rose 9 percent fa the 
fid applicant for Chann el 5 to year ended March 31, to £518.9 million, because of strong eam- 
extend its coverage. mgs at its mail-order business. 

• Dutch unemployment unemployment declined to an average of 
fadepaideni jnm Com- ^ w 7 I percent of the work force, in the second quarter 

«3.000, or 7.5 percent, fa the first quarter, the statistics 
good enwigh. U saidit hoped u> offioesaid 

have its derision by September. „ „ 

Of the current four stations, • ONT Car’ati SA, Romania’s state tounsm company, and Bau 
two are provided by (he public- Holding AG of Austria plan to build a S180 million luxury hotel in 
ly funded BBC and two are Bucharest that win be managed by RaAssmi Hotel C«m the U.S. 
commercial. (Reuters, AFX) hotel chain, a Romanian official said. AFP. afk Bloomberg, Remen 

Schering Stock Jumps on Sales Outlook 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dtqrauhei 

BERLIN — Schering AG, 
the German chemicals and 
pharmaceuticals company, said 
Thursday that sales were likely 
to climb 12 percent, to 4.6 bil- 
lion Deutsche marks ($3 bil- 
lion), in 1994 and that they had 
risen by 16 percent In the first 
half of the year. 

The company's share price 
rose nearly 2 percent, to 924.70 
DM, in an otherwise listless 

Giuseppe Vita, the compa- 
ny’s manag ing board chairman, 
said the sales growth figure of 
19 percent recorded fa the first 
quarter could not be sustained. 

He refused to make any com- 
ment on profit fa the first half 
and said that details about 

naming s would be published fa 
early August The company had 
announced fa May that profit 
in the first quarter had risen 2 
percent, to 124 million DM. 

He also unveiled plans to 
transfer a third of Schermg’s 
research and development 
spending to small companies 
and universities. Schering spent 
nearly 900 million DM on such 
spending last year. 

He reported that sales of the 
group’s mnltiple-sderosas treat- 
ment, Betaseron, were eimand- 
ing rapidly in the United States, 
where the drug was introduced 
in late 1993, and should reach 
300 million DM this after after 
sales of 7 million DM fa 1993. 

Mr. Vita said that the compa- 
ny is aiming to double its profit- 
ability over the next five years. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 



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Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
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Page 13 


l *Hrr 

. '* “hi 


Honda to Cut U.S. Exports 

winch sales in Japan accounted 

TO™ -Howla Motor 

« ^ 40 °®«t the effects 

°* a higher yen, wffl reduce the 

numba-of cars H exports to the 
United States and increase the 
production capacity of its 
North American plants, a com* 
pany executive said Tknrsday. 

AHonda spokesman refused 

to disdose details of the plans, 

but said an announcement was 
fikel y “in the near future-” 
However, he said to figures 
re?>arted eariier in the Nihon 
Keizai S him b un were inoonect. 
The newspaper said the compa- 
ny would halve its anto exports 
fromJMan to the United States 
by 1999 and raise its North 
American production by 30 

Company executives said the 
move was part of Honda’s ef- 
forts to localize its global car 
production. The company 
wants to cope with the strong 
yen, which makes Japanese ex- 
ports expensive abroad. 

Another Honda spokesman* 
Yasuhiro Wada, mid, “We will 
continue to raise local produc- 
tion as long as the yen remains 

However, such a develop- 
ment would not necessarily sat- 
i sfy U.S. trade negotiators, who 
complain that Japanese car-; 
m a k ers who produce .in the 
United States rely too heavily 
on parts imported from Japan 

Honda generates more mon- 
ey setting cars overseas than in 
Japan. For the year ended 
March 1994, the company gen- 
erated worldwide sales of 3.8 
trillion yen (539 bffikmX of 

forjust 128trimbn yen. . 

“The move isn’t surprising,” 
considering the yen’s recent 
surge against the dollar, said 
Ben Moyer, an analyst at Mer- 
rill Lynch & Co. He added, 
“North America is the best 
market for Honda in terms of 
sales growth.” - 
Of dm JU85- tmlHait cars that 
Honda is to produce this year, 
nbout 800,000 units would be 
made outride, of Japan, he mid. 

Minolta Sets . 

Agence Fnwx-Tnxte 

TOKYO — Minolta Co. 
said Thursday that it would 
set up twpjomt ventures in 
October in Chin a to meke 
and seD cameras and copy- 
ing machines. 

In Shanghai, Mmoha is to 
set 19 a venture with Shang- 
hai General Camera Fac- 
tory, China’s top camera 
m a ke r, to produce compact 
and single-lens reflex cam- 
eras, a spokesman said. The 
venture, capitalized at $45 
mflfion, initially will male* 
20,000 cameras a month. 

In Wuhan, Minolta plans 
a venture with Wuhan In- 
strumentation and Automa- 
tion Industry Co. to make 

use. This company, capital- 
ized at $3.3 million, would 
initially make several hun- 
dred copiers each month. 

' Mr. Wada, the Honda 
spokesman, said some of die 
increased U.S. production win 
be diverted to Japan. But be 
said the company was not try- 
ing, to compete with US. car- 
makers in the Japanese market, 
noting that their product lines 
differ. Honda has sot decided 
how many more cats it wants to 
sell in Japan because sales of 
cars fluctuate depending on the 
market situations, he said. 

The company last year pro- 
duced 504,396 passenger cars in 
North America, more than any 
other Japanese carmaker. This 
year, the company is planning 
to produce 600,000 cars. - 
A Honda spokesman said the 
company also was considering 
increasing aborts of its North 
American-made autos to other 

Honda, as part of & previous- 
ly announced, plan, to 
make die United States a base 
for expor ti ng vehicles to Latin 
America and elsewhere. 

(Bloomberg, AFX, Reuters) 

■ U.S.-Japan Talks Stalled 
There has been no break- 
through in U.S. -Japan trade 
talks on automobile and anto 
said Hi dealri Kumano, 

deputy minister of internation- 
al trade and industry, AFP-Ex- 
td News reported man Tokyo. 

He was re fer rin g to talks be- 
tween Soza b uro Okamatsu, » 
a deputy minis ter of interna- 
tional trade and industry, and 
Jeffrey E. Garten, a US. under- 
secretary of commerce. Mr. 
Garten said “It’s fair to say that 
the progress is very slow” 

Yen Curbs Japan Steel Output 

TOKYO — The yen's recent surge threatens to 
squelch an expected rise m Japan’s sted output, a 
prime requirement for the sted industry's recov- 
ery from prolonged recession, officiate at steel- 
makers and industry analysts said on Thursday. 

“If the high yea affects our customers, arise in 
crude sted production may slow,” said a spokes- 
man for Kawasaki Sted dorp. “Sted production 
so far is not as bad as we expected, but the yen’s 
appreciation is apparently a negative factor.” 

The dollar fell to a record low against the yen 
early in the week and has only risen moderately 
above that floor. 

The Japan Iron & Sted Federation announced 
Thursday that crude sted production in June fdl 
to 8.1 szQhon metric cons, down 8J percent from 
the figure for June 1993, and this marked the 
ninth consecutive monthly drop. For the six 
months ending in June, output, fdl to 47.04 

nnEon tons, down percent from the same 
period a year ago. 

” Oar srn ^ Bh^ri^f pniiiwine makers and ship- 
builders are among the biggest customers of 
Kawasaki Sted and other large steelmakers, 
winch are reluctant to forecast how the exchange 
rate and an increase in sted demand would affect 
their bottom lines in the business year that ends 
onMaich 31, 199S. 

The steelmakers, which posted losses in the 
year that ended on March 31, 1994, because of 
the Japanese rece s sion, are undertaking various 
restructuring measures, including cutbacks in 
their work forces and capital investment. 

Hiroshi Saito, chairman of the Japan Iron and 
Sted Federation, said last month that the Japa- 
nese sted industry had bottomed out in terms of 
volume but that the high yen would push prices 
further down. With the dollar considerably 
weaker now, the industry’s recovery is muvjtwin 
analysts said. 

(Reuters, AFP) 

Regulators Freed 
As Hong Kong 
Goes on Offensive 

Bloomberg Busutess Nevs 

HONG KONG — The six large bags of shredded paper 
were suspidous, John Lees had to pick his way past the sacks 
to serve notice on David Tong Co. that he was investigating 
suspicious stock transactions linked to the 1990 takeover of 
World Trade Center Group Ltd. by Tomson Pacific Ltd. 

Later, Mr. Lees asked Spancer Lau, accountant for David 
Tong Co, for all the company's records. All the govenunent- 
appointed investigator got was a small box of documents. 
“Wcfl, we moved our office this year and in the process of 
relocation we lost all the records prior to the year 1992,” Mr. 

was tokL 

The investigation by Mr. Lees into David Tong Co. and other 
companies has not brought any criminal charges. But He 
Kong is upgrading its arsenal of investigatory w< 
most companies seem to support the changes. The 
Stock Exchange said it was confident the measures algo' 
be welcomed by China, which takes over the colony in 1997. 

Hong Kong legislators last week granted the Securities and 
Futures Commission powers to demand company records on 
the spot, rather than wait for voluntary compliance with 
inspectors’ requests for information. Gerald McMahon, exec- 
utive director of the commission, said the new powers would 
help prevent paper shredding of the kind Mr. Lees encoun- 
tered. “With these new powers, there' d be less of a chance of 
that happening because the fact of our inspection wiQ not 
become public until a notice is served on the directors in the 
company's office,” he said. 

He also said the commission and the Hong Kong Stock 
Exchange are gradually taking on the characteristics of corpo- 
rate, rather than merely securities, regulators. For example, 
the exchange’s compliance unit now monitors whether com- 
panies act according to statements in their prospectuses. 

“It's a contractual relationship- In return for listing, compa- 
nies submit themselves to our powers of sanctions and cen- 
SUEC^r »d Herbert Hoi, head of tlK exchange’s listing division. 

Among executives who support the changes, Vincent Chow, 
a director of the jeweler^ maker Chow Sang Sang Holdings In- 

ternational Ltd, said, “It’s necessary because of Hong Kong’s 
rapidly developing market and with more and more Chinese 
entities coming in, there’s a need for a more complete system.” 

Japan’s Top 
Paper Firm 
Admits to 

Bloomberg Busmen Ne*a 

TOKYO — The United 
States and Canada are to dis- 
close details on Friday of an 
alleged price-fixing conspiracy 
involving the American unit of 
New Qji Paper Co, Japan’s big- 
gest paper producer, a Canadi- 
an official said Thursday. 

The company, Kanzaki Spe- 
cialty Papers Inc. of Ware, 
Massachusetts, pleaded guilry 
Wednesday in a Canadian fed- 
eral court in Toronto to con- 
spiring with other companies to 
restrict competition in Canada 
in the sale of thermal fax paper 
between July 1991 and early 
1992, said Harry Chandler, 
deputy director of criminal 
matters in Canada's Bureau of 
Competition Policy. 

The company was fined 
950,000 Canadian dollars 
($688,400) for “having engaged 
in a conspiracy under the Com- 
petition Act,” Mr. Chandler 

Kanzaki is the U.S. subsidaiy 
of New Op Paper Co. Oji Paper, 
as it was then called, acquired 
Kanzaki in October. 

U.S. Attorney General Janet 
Reno and George Addy, direc- 
tor of investigation and re- 
search for the Canadian compe- 
tition bureau, will ermnimni* the 
findings of a joint investigation 
in Washington on Friday, Mr. 
Chandler said. 

In Tokyo, an executive of 
New OjFs planning unit said 
Kanzaki would be told to refrain 
from tins type of conduct. 

Investor’s Asia 

Hong Kong ■ Singapore ■ 
Hang Serjg V StraHkTImes 


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Sources: Reims. AFP 

tMemanoul Henkl Tribonr 

Vary briefly: 

Strong Debut for Retailer’s Stock 

Bloomberg Btauess f/ems 

TOKYO — Fast Retailing Co. had a stellar 
debut on the Hiro shima Stock Exchange Thurs- 
day, with prospective investors offering twice the 
flotation price of the clothing retailer’s stock but 
failing to entice setters to give up their sharers. 

The stock dosed untraded despite buy ordens 
of 14,300 yen ($246) per share. Fast Retailing 
offered 900,000 shares July 7 and 8 to investors 
-at 7,200 yen. bringing its total number of shares 
to 12 mfllioa 

“This is probably the most exciting retailer 
that’s listed,” said Paul Heaton, an analyst at 
Baring Securities Ltd. “It’s got the fastest growth 

in profits over the last three years of any other 
retailer in Japan.” 

Fast Reusing, which designs most of its own 
unisex-style casual clothing, has seen sales rise 
sixfold in the past five years. Sales surged to 25 
billion yen in the year to August 1993 from 4.2 
billion yen In the 1989 financial year, according 
to Barclays de Zoete Wedd figures. 

Over the same period, current profit, which is 
pretax earnings including investment results, 
skyrocketed to 2.1 billion yen from 48 minion 
yen, the Barclays report said. 

Fast Retailing has been largely studded from 
the effects of the soaring yen, with an import 
ratio of dose to 90 p ercent, analysts said. 

• Sanyo Securities Co.’s research unit raised its forecast for 
Japan's real gross domestic product growth in the year to March 
1995 to 1.1 percent from the 0J percent estimated in December. 

• Samsung Corp. of South Korea has linked with Usha (India) Ltd. 
to make semiconductors in India. 

• Komatsu Led. said it would raise dottar-denominaied export 
prices of construction machinery across the board by 4.8 percent 
m response to the yen’s recent rise. 

• International Distillers & Vintners lidL, a unit of Grand Metro- 
politan PLC of Britain, has launched its Smirnoff vodka in India 
in collaboration with Poly chon Ltd. 

• President Enterprises Coqpk, Taiwan’s largest producer of pro- 
cessed foods, has submitted a plan to invest $6 million in a food 
plant in the Guangzhou, China. 

• State Bank of India, the country’s largest commercial bank, said 
profit rose 30 percent, to 2.75 billion rupees ($91.6 million), in the 
year to March. 

• Technology Resources Industries Bhd, owner of Malaysia’s 
largest cellular-phone company, almost doubled its group profits 

for the year to June and could reach 300 million ringgit ($120 
million) in the current year, analysts said. AFX. Bloomberg, a ft 

Murdoch Targeted in Strike 


SYDNEY — Journalists*! Rupert Murdoch’s Australian news- 
papers began a nationwide strike Thursday over the introduction 
of new technology and a wage claim. 

A spokesman for Mr. Murdoch said the newspapers would be 
published as usuaL 

Journalists walked out on The Australian, the Daily-Telegraph 
Mirror and Sunday Telegraph in Sydney, the Herald-Sun in 
Melbourne, the Courier-Mail of Brisbane, the Advertiser of Ade- 
laide and the Northern Territory News in Darwin. 














































Published by the International 
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Plage 15 

GLAXO; Drugmaker Seeks Outside Investment Advice After Heavy Losses PlUVEPs Japan in No Rushfor Self-Service Gas Stations DOLLAR; 

Die decision to transfer the Strtctnwd notes are typically difficult to generalize about . Cortmoed from Page I «s handle the hoses wflllead to y»- Voice of Concern 

w3bon in the second quarter, 
b«h from money lost doing 
onsmess with clients and from 
g®tung ns own market bets 

There have also been a earn- 
her of companies that have re- 
ported substantial losses in the 

market in recent months, in- 
cluding Kidder, Peabody & 
Ct>-» the brokerage house con- 
trolled by General Electric Co.; 
As ian C apital Management, an 
investment Cbm that specializes 
in such instruments; and the 
Bank of Montreal. . 

Pharmaceutical analysts said 
the decision by Glaxo to hand 
over management of its invest- 
ment portfolio- to outside man- 
agers was a logical step. 

“It makes an awful lot of 
sense,” said James CulverweU, 
an analyst with Hoare GovetL 
“You don’t expect Glaxo to 
have the level of m-house exper- 
tise that the professionals at this 
business have.” 

Already about £500 million 
of (Saxo’s portfolio is managed 

Die decision to transfer the 
fun amount was made follow- 
ing a man a ge ment decision that 
Glaxo should concentrate on 
mairtrtg drugs rather than in-, 
vestments, a spokesman far the 
con^iany said. ' 

Bankas said it was the in- 
vestment in structured notes 
that may prove most problem-'. 

Structured notes are typically 
one-year securities that give the 
investor a higher or lower re- 
turn depending cm the change 
in value of some other security. 
Investors use structured notes 
to make an exact bet on price 
changes m a specified security 
or on a market rate. 

Unlike derivatives, whose re- 

*1 personallyieel there could be a lot 
more companies in the same position down 
the road.’ 

Kirit Shah, market strategist, first National Bank of 

atic for Glaxo as it. moves to 
untangle its investments. 

“Structured notes tend to be 
off-balance-sheet investments,” 
said Kirit Shah, a market strate- 
gist at first National Bank of 
Chicago in London. “Any 
losses may not be reflected is 
the accounts, but if you cash in 
the notes, the losses probably 
start to show up in the ac- 

turns tend to be based solely on 
the movement of an underlying 
security or market, only a por- 
tion of a structured note’s re- 
turn derives from such changes. 
In some cases, only the invest- 
ment’s principal may be tied to 

these security or market move- 

Because such issues are 
A greements tntored specifically 
for investors mid sellers, it is 

difficult to generalize about 
what bets an investor might 
have made. 

It also means that these notes 
do not trade on any secondary 
markets, although the bank that 
created the note will often offer 
■to purchase the note back from 
the investor at a low price. 

The use of structured notes 
has grown exponentially in the 
past few years, both by compa- 
nies and investors. Bankers said 
Glaxo probably was not alone 
in losing money on its market 

“I personally fed there could 
bo a lot more companies in the 
same position down the road, 
but you cannot quantify il,** 
said Mr. Shah of First National 
Bank of Chicago. “There’s such 
a lad: of transparency, even the 
investment firms may not know 
what the true picture is.” 

Glaxo’s share price was little 
duMigpd. The share closed at 
557 pence on Thursday, up 6 
pence from Wednesday but it 
was down from 561 pence a 
week ago. 

(Bloomberg, Reuter, AFP) 

Cootinoed from Page 1 
ily benefit. Indeed, such compa- 
nies as Mobil and Exxon, which 
are already well entrenched 
here, have been opposing a 
broader set of proposals to de- 
regulate the oil market 

Rather, the push for self-ser- 
vice has come from Japanese 
big business. With the rising 
yen making Japanese compa- 
nies less competitive, they art 
trying to cut costs. 

The press has also taken up 
the cause because self-service 
gasoline is an example of dereg- 
ulation that b easy to under- 
stand — though perhaps not 
too easy. 

Recently, one evening news 
program treated viewers to a 
report from Los Angeles in 
which a reporter demonstrated 
step by step how to fill an auto- 
mobile gas tank. 

Opponents of self-service — 
mainly gas station owners and 
the national Fire Defense 
Agency — say that letting driv- 

ers handle the hoses wOl lead to 

“In the West, buildings are 
made of stone.” said Yoshio Sa- 
sano, bead of the National Fed- 
eration of Petroleum Commer- 
cial Associations, which 
represents gas stations. “But in 
Japan, buildings are made of 
more flammable materials.” 

Efficiency would also suffer, 
Mr. Sasano argued. Since “gas- 
oline stands,” as they are called 
here, are far smaller than in the 
West, cats would be crashing 
into one another without atten- 
dants to guide them, and the 
time it mfes to fill up and pay 
the bill would double. 

Nor, opponents say, would 
self-service reduce prices much. 
Even proponents erf self-service 
say tire most that could be saved 
would be about 75 cents a gal- 

But perhaps the biggest argu- 
ment of all against self-service 
is economic. Thera are 60,000 
gasoline stands in Japan, many 

of them mom-and-pop opera- 
tions that can ill afford tire in- 
vestment to convert to self-ser- 

And service stations employ 
400,000 of those uniformed, 
bowing ashtray empuers. 

There is something to all the 
arguments. Even in the United 
States, a handful of states and 
municipalities prohibit self- 
serve gas stations for safety rea- 

Still advocates of self-service 
say that fears of a towering in- 
ferno are overblown. 

“You can see many self-ser- 
vice stations in the center of Los 
Angeles, San Francisco or New 
York,” said Mr. Shmozaki, the 
spokesman for Japan’s most 
powerful business group, 

“The government claims peo- 
ple are so stupid they might 

spread gasoline ail over the 
place. Why are people going to 
commit suicide? The Japanese 

regulatory system is more or 
less tike materaalism.” 

Gummed from Page 1 
of the dollar would be “neither 
desirable nor justified.” 

In his remarks at a meeting of 
the American Chamber of 
Commerce in Frankfurt, Mr. 
Tietmeyer also termed inflation 
fears that have affected bond 
markets as “partly exaggerat- 
ed." He described the recently 
volatile currency movements as 
probably having been “an over- 
reaction by the markets.” 

He gave no hint of the 
Bundesbank’s own plans on the 
interest rate front. But herqect- 
ed the idea of “a policy of 
forced, aggressive reductions” 
in short-term German interest 
rates in order to s timula te the 

For Investment i n form ati on 

every Saturday in die W 


CAR: Record Quarter for Chrysler TeSCO Bid for Scottish Chain 

r, — . » -p - _ : l . , * 

Confined from Page 9 
and both its Eagle and Chrysler 
brands actually slipped in the 

On Wednesday, Chrysler of- 
ficials said that Chairman Rob- 
ot Eaton had formed a team of 
senior executives to study the 
company’s quality problems 
and come up with solutions. 

For tire firet six months of the 
year, Chrysler earned $1.89 bil- 
lion, or 55. 16 per primary share, 
on revenue of $263 bDlion. 
That compared with a loss of 
53.7S billion on $213 bflBon in 
revenue for the first half of 
1993, when the company took a 
one-time accounting charge of 
$4.97 billion for retiree health 
care benefits. 

“Strong consumer demand' 
for Chrysler cars and trucks;, 
both in North America and 
around the world, once again 
generated solid quarterly finan- 
cial results,” said Mr. Eaton. 

Dealers witnessed a -short 
supply of inventory for much of 
theqnarter, he added. 

Chryder Ffxutncial Corp., the 
compass financial services di- 
vision, reported second-quarter 
profit of $44 million, un- 
changed from the corresponds 
ing period in 2993. 

Mr. Eaton said that Chrysler 
was “carefully adding increased 
capacity” over the next three 

The company had an- 
nounced at the beginning of tire 
year an increase m its revel of 
production capacity that would 
require an m vestment over 
three years oS $13 billion and 
an increase in employment 

Nondomestic dealers sold 
35,000 vehicles in tire second 
quarter, 40 percent more than 
in the same period in 1993. ■ 

. Chtyslex*s share of the North 
American automobile market 
remained at 15.4.percenL Sales 
in North America rose to 
709,158 units from 672,272 
imits in the same period last 

Harbour Report, a profes- 
sional study of the industry, 
stud last month that Chrysler 
made an average profit of $828 
per vehicle. 

Ford, the second-largest TJ.S. 
automaker, by contrast posted 
an average profit of only $323 
per vehicle, while General Mo- 
tors, the largest automaker, lost 
$189 per vehicle. 

- Chrysler executives said that 
the company contributed an- 
other $600 wiillirtn to its un- 
funded pension plans in tbe 
course of the quarter. Chrysler 
said last May that it intended to 
fully fund its pension plans by 
the end of (Ins year, or about 
One year earlier than previously 

: (Bloomberg, Reuters, AFP) 

Compiled ty Oar Staff From Dhpcadus 

LONDON -Tesco PLC made a friendly takeover bid worth 
1 about £154 million ($241 milli on) for William Low & Co., a 
i supermarket chain based in Scotland, the companies said 

i - Tesco, a big British supermarket chain, is offering 225 
pence per share for Low’s common stock. The bid is in cash 
with a stock alternative and it represented a 33 percent 
; premium over W illiam Low’s Wednesday close of 169 peace. 

The acquisition would enhance Tesco’s position in Scot- 
land, where it has only 16 stores. William Low, which had 
: sales of £447 mfiSon in the year ended Sept. 4, operates 57 
supermarkets, 45 of which are in Scotland. 

“They are moving into a geographic area where they aren’t as 
strong as some of their competitors — their Scottish position 
has beat weak,” said Nick Babb, a retailing analyst at Morgan 
Stanley & Co. “If s relatively bad news to Argyll as an 
j impr o v ed William Low could be a bit of a threat in Scotland.” 

He added that Wflham Low was “something you’d think 
was hardly worth buying into, but the competitive environ- 
ment is such that to expand you need small acquisitions.” 

( Bloomberg, AFX) 

VNU Buys U.S., Italian Magazines 

Cdoyikd by Oar Staff Front Dtipatdta 

HAARLEM, Netherlands — VNU NV, the Dutch magazine 
publisher, agreed to buy the New York-based magazine unit of 
Boston Ventures Manag ement Inc. after earlier on Thursday 
acquiring nine magazines from Italy’s RCS Editori Sp A. 

VNU did not divulge tbe price it will pay for Bill Communica- 
tions Inc. It was tire fourth American acquisition this year. It also 
did not provide apace for the Italian business publications, which 
indude computer magazines. 

Bin Communications earned $65 minion in 1993. The company 
publishes magazines Eke Successful Meetings, Food Service Di- 
rector and Contemporary Long Term Care. (Bloomberg AFX) 


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view/hetafl. Owner Tet 1-43 5465 W 

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60 Itas N083H PAJK, l»J6re, 
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HOUa/OD ML 450 saw. 7 bed 
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Western State USA 
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H On trie 

<tto the 
il Martinez, 
xjse with 
irfar views 
ay and La 
z cxnnrooms. targe sitting 
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furnished to the highest 

Please contact: 

3393 3914 65 
Fax: 93 68 23 26 

(no agendas) 

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Fax: 93 68 23 26 (no agencies! 

/..■;% ■ y 


■ ' r . K 1 ) 


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Prafu Management by ». Ferenc zy A 
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Page 17 

True to Form, 2 Open Outsiders 
(Turner and Lomas) Are Leading 

-■ v». A; • 

jp***** helped Jos6-Marfa CHazahal with las tee shot on 14,butit<fid Hole for hhn elsewhere: He shot 


Don King Indicted for Insurance Fraud 

The Associated Tress 

NEW YORK —Dan Kin& the wfld- 
haired promoter who is one of the most 
powerful men in boxing, was charged 
Thursday with wire fraud for allegedly 
filing a fraudulent tnmnmw rlgfm after 
a 1992 boxing match was canceled. 

The nine-count indictment allies that 
King, president of Don King Produc- 
tions Inn, made afakedaiin to Lloyd’s 
of London after the . cancellation of die 
match between Judo Cesar Chavez and 
Harold Brazier. 

The indictment, returned Thursday by 
a federal grand jury, said the 5350,000 
claim was filed after Chavez cut his nose: 

A spokesman for King, Michael Mar- 
ley, said he would not comment until be 
had a chance to see the indictment. 

King allegedly tried to get money from 
.Lloyd's by filing a contract with the 
London-based insurance market that 
was not the contract actually signed be- 
tween King and Chavez. 

King, 62, of Oakland Park, Florida, 
said his losses stemmed from nonrefund- 

abk training expenses that he elftinwd he 
paid Chavez for the fight, according to 
the indictment. 

The indictment said King lied when he 
claimed the training fees were nonre- 

Afterward, the indictment said. King 
did not tell Chavez be had recovered 
insurance money far training expenses. 

If convicted. King faces a maximum 
sentence of five years in prison and a 
$250,000 fine on each of the counts. 

His arraignment is scheduled for July 

while b 

Courier ’s First Up at Davis Cup Quarters 

The Associated Pros ' 

rier will lead off Friday for the 
U.S. team in its Davis Cup 
quarterfinal against the Nether- 

• In Thursday's draw. Courier, 
now ranked No. 1 1 in the world 
after faffing firom. Na 1, was 
slated to play the first match 
against the. top Dutch player 
fuchard Krajicek, ranked 26th. 

In the other quarterfinals, 
France and Sweden wiB be 
playing in Cannes; Russia and 
the Czech Republic will get un- 
der way in St. Petersburg, and 
Germany wiU be playing host to 

Spain in Halle. 

At an arena built just for the 
event in Rotterdam harbor. 
Courier and Krajicek will be 
followed onto the court by the 
top-ranked Pete Sampras, who 
recently completed a successful 
defense of his Wimbledon sin- 
gles tide. 

Sampras will pl&y Jacco El- 
tingh, who is ranked No. 52 in 
the world. 

Between them, Sampras and 
Courier have won a total of 
eight Grand Slam singles tides. 
Courier's presence also bodes 
well for the team’s effort — he’s 
never been on a losing U.S. Da- 
vis Cup team. 

H tin gh was chosen ahead of 
the better-ranked Paul Haar- 
buis because Htmgh’s serve- 
and-voDey game is better suited 
to the hard surface the teams 
will play on. 

Saturday's doubles rubber 
tfemteh will be played between 
EUingh and Haarnuis and Ri- 
chieReneberg and Jared Palm- 

er, theU-S. doubles specialists. 

On Sunday, Kngicdc faces 
Sampras and Eltingh meets 
Conner in the last two matches 

Of the q uarterfinal. . 

The Dutch captain, Stanley 
Franker; said he chose the hard 
surface because his players felt 
Sr gave them the best chance. 

Asked what surface would 
suit- the Americans, Franker 
said: “What doesn't suit the 
Am ericana? *" 

- “I didn’t play well at Wim- 
bledon. I hope this is going to 
be a turn for me,” Krajicek said. 

Courier said he was pleased 
be would be first up in the tie 
that will decide who meets the 
winner of the France-Sweden 

quarte rfinal. . 

“If sbetter for me,” Courier 
said. “I’ know when I will be 
playing and m be able to eat 
and warm up property.” 

■ In Cannes, Stefan Edberg 
win open for Sweden against 
France's Arnaud Boetsch. That 

win be followed by Henrik 
Holm taVing on Cedric Pioline. 
The pairings wfll be reversed on 

In Saturday's doubles, Jan 
ApeU and Jonas Bjorkman of 
Sweden will play Olivier De- 
laine and Jean-Ptrihppe Fleor- 
ian, although the captains have' 
the right to change their lineup 
up until an hour before the 
starting time. 

France and Sweden have met 
nine previous times, with the 
Swedes winning six, including 
the last two in 1987 and 1988. 

France won the Davis Cop 
final in 1991 against the United 
States, but lost in a quarterfinal 
against Switzerland m 1992 and 
was upset by India last year, 
also in the second round. 

Sweden lost in the Davis Cup 
finals most recently in 1988 and 
1989, both times to Germany. 

France’s Guy Forget, despite 
matrfng the quarterfinals at 
Wimbledon mid a recent final 

Atlanta Flans to Move Volleyball Site 

ATLANTA (NYT) — Atlanta Olympic officials arc making 
to move part of the volleyball competition for the 1996 
out of a suburban community whose governing body 
. an anti-homosexual resolution last year. 

Payne, president of the Atlanta Committee for the Olym- 
pic Games, said Wednesday that an undisclosed rite was under 
investigation for “affordability, accessibility and acceptability as 
a substitute venue.” 

Last year, the five-man Cobb County Board of Commissioners 
adopted a resolution declaring tire “lifestyle advocated by the gay 
cninmn wi ty** to be “incompatible with the standards to which this 
community subscribes.” 

at Gsraad. Switzerland, will not 
play. After returning from near- 
ly a year off with a knee injury, 
he is still considered question- 
able for long matches on a hard 

In Sl Petersburg. Russia's 
Yevgeni Kafelnikov wzD play 
Ctislav Dosedel of the 'Czech 
Republic and Andrei Olk- 
hovsky will meet Petr Korda. 

The Russian tennis star Alex- 
ander Volkov has withdrawn 
from the second round tie be- 
cause of illness. 

Andrei Borisov, the Russian 
ream captain, said Thursday 
that Volkov’s doctor has 
banned any trips outside the 
player's home town of Kalinin- 

Gennady Zhukov, vice presi- 
dent of the Russian Tennis As- 
sociation, said Volkov had al- 
lergic dermatitis, picked up on a 
beach near Kaliningrad. 

“His whole body is covered 
with a vicious red rash. He can- 
not even take a shower,” Zhu- 
kov said. 

In the doubles on Saturday, 
Kafelnikov and Olkhovsky will 
play Korda and Cyril Suk. 

In the final round Sunday. 
Kafelnikov will be playing 
Korda and Olkhovsky will meet 

“I am in a great form, even 
though for me it’s the first time 
as a team leader,” Kafelnikov 
said. “I cannot forecast the re- 
sults, but 1 am sure that we wiU 
win the doubles match.” 

The fydi cap tain, Vladimir 
Zednik, said he expected the 
doubles to go to five sets, “but I 
cannot say to whose favor.” 

By Leonard Shapiro 

Washington Pea Serna 

TURNBERRY, Scotland - 
With flagsticks flapping the 
way iheyre supposed by the 
Scottish seaside, Turaberry 
turned tricky and treacherous 
Thursday precisely on schedule 
for the fust round of the 123d 
British Open. 

When the last man trudj 
homeward through the ft . 
light and the stiff breezes, the 
spitting skies and the brutal 
back nine of the Ailsa course, 
played into the teeth of winds 
gusting to 25 miles an hour (40 
kph), another old British Open 
tradition also Was maintained 
Late in the day, Greg Toma, a 
31 -year-old journeyman from 
New Zealand, holed out for an 
eagle from the I6th fairway, 
birdied the 17th and found him- 
self atop the lead erboard with a 
5-under-par round of 65. 

He wrested the lead from an- 
other virtual unknown, 26-year- 
old Jonathan Lomas, a Shrop- 
shire lad playing his first Open. 
Using an elongated driver, a 
new putter and a new caddy, 
Lomas was one back at 66 and 
probably berating himself for 
missing a 30-inch (76-centime- 
ter) birdie putt at the 209-yard 
35th that would have given him 
a share of the lead. 

Lomas, who uses a floppy- 
eared Mickey Mouse head cov- 
er on a 47-inch driver, had a 
one-stroke lead over Andrew 
Magee of the United States, 
who tied for fifth at Muixfield 
two years ago. 

With apologies to Disney, 
says he likes to whistle 
ile be works, “anything from 
classical to country western” 
and describes himself as a 
crowd favorite because ”Fm 
Scottish somewhere.” 

Tinner is all New Zealand, 
by way of the University of 
Oklahoma He’s played the Eu- 
ropean Tour the last nine years, 
with two victories, and is 22d on 
the money list this year. He had 
to qualify to play this week, 
shooting 65-67 to make the field 
last Sunday and Monday. 

Both he and Lomas fit in 
nicely with a long list of first- 
round wonders, last-round dis- 
tant memories. At Tumberry in 
1977, John Sdtroeder of the 
United States opened with 66 
and faded, the fate that later 
befell one Bill Langmuir of 
Scotland at Royal Lytham in 
1979, Wayne Stephens of Eng- 
land at Troon m ’89 and so 
many others before them. 

“’If we’re still having this 
same chat on Saturday, it might 
be different,” Turner said. “I 
guess only time will telL” 

Lomas, the softspoken son of 
a chicken farmer, had about 
four hours of glory as the early 
leader in the clubhouse. This is 
a man, with a four-handicap, 
who occasionally used his car as 
a bedroom last year on the Eu- 
ropean satellite tour and says 
his main goal tins week is “try- 
ing to play four days. 

“There are some big names 
under me, aren’t there?” he 
asked somewhat sheepishly af- 
ter a round that included four 
birdies and no bogeys. *Td 
rather not look at than. You 
look at the leaderboard and you 
can get too much pressure.” 

When he and Turner do 
sneak a peak, they will see that 
44-year-old Tom Watson is 
only two strokes behind, at 68 
is a group that indudes Loren 
Roberts, runner-tro at the U.S. 
Open three weeks ago, and 
John Daly, who cracked one 
drive 355 yards downwind this 
afternoon, playing the 442-yard 

fifth hole with a second shot 

And among those three back 
are the only multiple winner on 
the PGA Tour, Nick Price, very 
much in a frame of mind to win 
his second major champion- 
ship, and Ernie Els, the 24-year- 
ow South African who won the 
U5. Open 

But defending champion 
Greg Norman, playing in the 
more blustery afternoon, shot 
71 and was in a group that in- 
cluded Tom Kite, Davis Love 
in and Fuzzy Zoefler. Masters 
champion Jos& Marfa Olaz&bal 

managed 72, as did Jack Nick- 

Nick Faldo had a nightmare 
of a round. Four weeks after 
missing the cut at the U.S. 
Open, be hit the wrong ball at 
the 17th hole, took a two-stroke 
penalty, and finished with a tri- 
ple bogey 8 on the way to a 75. 

“I played Jim McGovern’s 
baH,” the dejected Faldo said of 
his mistake after both men 
drove their tee shots into the 
right rough in an area apparent- 
ly devoid of any spectators. 

The balls, said Faldo, “were 
20 yards apart. As soon as they 

Andie* Wnmac/Agence Fnoet-Pieue 

Nick Faldo contemplating a putt; he shot a dismal 75. 

started looking for his ball. 1 
knew instantly I’d played the 
wrong one.” 

“It was not very clever.” he 

Though Watson admitted 
that “I had cobwebs in my head 
all morning" after a night of 
fitful nervous sleep, he and the 
other players with early lee 
times were clearly at an advan- 
tage this day hard by the Firth 
of Clyde. There was bright sun 
and generally mild breezes early 
in the morning. But. by mid- 
day, the wind had kicked up. 
the skies turned gray and wind- 
breakers and foul-weather gear 
were the order of an afternoon 
punctuated by several heaw 

Lomas also had the benefit of 
a morning start, the 13ch group 
off. Turner did not, teeing off in 
the 40th group at 2:15 P.M. 

A 15-foot birdie putt got him 
into the red numbers at the 222- 
yard sixth, and a 3-wood and a 
4-iron left him four feet from 
the cup at the 528-yard 7th. 
playing considerably easy wiih 
a trailing wind. He made that 
putt for an eagle, the first of two 
on for the day. 

At the 410-yard 16th hole, 
into the wind, his drive left him 
178 yards from the hole, with 
Wilson's bum, a deep ravine 
guarding the from of the green, 
staring him in the face. Turner 
took a 2-iron out of his bag. a 
dub he said he normally hits 
about 220 yards. On this day, 
after hitting it “real good.” the 
ball bounced about a foot in 
front of the flag and dove to the 
bottom of the cup. 

That eagle got him to 4-un- 
der, and a 20-footer at the 498- 
yard 17th after a poor chip add- 
ed an unexpected birdie that 
put him into the lead of the fifth 
British Open he's ever played. 
It’s also tne only major champi- 
onship he’s ever played in.. 

“Truth be known, every golf- 
er dreams about leading the 
British Open,” he said. “Of 
course I don’t dream about it 
every night I dreamed about 
Brazil in the World Cup last 

First-Round Scores From the British Open 

Graded scores Tluindav of the fkst round 
oofeaMV-wntiwM— i WMMCooneot 
Twubwiy, Scotfend Co d ou o to amateur): 

Of»o Timor 
Jonathan Lomas 
Andrew Mono 
Tom Watson 
Laron Roberts 
Jean Van de Velde 
Pater Senior 
David Edwards 
Jotw Datv 
Wayne Grody 
Josear Pm m ult 
David Fehertv 
BrVm watts 
Rats McFartane 
Chris Gray 
KstswyosM Tamori 
Wood Angel Marlin 
Jiff MOQBCrf 
Kick Price 
Bred Faxon 

3333 — 66 

34- 33—67 
3305 — 68 

35- 33—68 
35-33 — 68 

Steven Rkl iard oo n 
Bruce VDugMn 
Franc Nabna 
Jurnfco OzaU 
Gary Evans 

Ernie Eta 
Greg Kraft 
Ben Crenshaw 
Term Lehman 
MOeaH Krantz 
David Fnwl 
Nlc Henning 
vnoy 51ns* 
Ruben Alvarez 

33- 35-68 

34- 34—68 

35- 34- 69 
35-34 — 69 

33- 36—69 

34- 35—69 

35- 34—69 

3306 — a 
34-3S— 69 
33-3* — (9 

SMS— 70 
33-37 — 70 

Stave EDdngton 
Mara MCNidty 
John Huston 
Pam McGbdov 

Fuzzy Zoeller 
Davta Lave ill 
Sandy Lyle 
Colin GilM 
Mlawel Oartan 
JOMUm lloeggmon 

3535- 70 

3536- 71 
3*37 — 71 

36- 35—71 

37- 34-71 


Renan Rafferty 


Ian Bafeer-Fhich 


Howard T«Htty 


Fulton Alton 


Miguel Angel Jimenez 
Kira Triplett 
Crala Ronald 
Jamas Wright 
Andrew Cnitart 






Per-Ulrik Johansson 
Barry Lane 
Paul Braocflwrst 
Wnvne westner 





Paul Lawrle 


Jlm Gallagher. Jr. 


Hiroshi Godo 


Larry Mize 


Huwisil dark 


Scon Tonaw 


Crab Shatter 


Payne Stanarf 

J4-3B— 74 

Tom Kite 


Peter Mitchell 


Greg Norman 


Bob Charles 


Gttorlel Hiertstedf 


Lee Jonzon 


l| ... N r igrrhln 

Mane wnaivflccnxi 


Anders GUlner 


Craig Jones 


Andrew George 


Christy O'Connor Jr. 


Andre 8 assert 

39-35 — 74 

Brian Morthbank 


Kevin Stables 


Domingo Hospital 


Mark Brooks 


Bradley Hirties 


o-Orola Evans 


Teukasa Watuistoe 


Mark Roe 


Bob Estes 


Tsrerwe Price 


Mike Sorlnaer 


Kotth Waters 


HOUme MeteHal 


Tony Johnstone 


David GiHard 


Stephen Rubeitaun 


Carlo* Fiuiilu 


Mark Davis 


Bernhard Longer 


Gory Emerson 


Lottie Clements 

3636—72 James 


Mark James 


Lee Trevino 


Gory Player 


Corny Pcnrln 


Jose Rivera 


Cart Green 


DJL Welbring 


Steen firming 


Anders Fcrsbiuno 


Nick Faiao 


Robert Allenbr 

34-38 — 72 

Paul Eales 


Jam Marla Okataal 


Chip Beck 


Colin Montgomerie 


Mark Motriona 


Gordon Brand. Jr. 


Gary Orr 


Kenneth Walker 


Craig Couelb 


Russell Ctovdan 


Rodoor Davis 


Michael Camnoetl 


Michael Harwood 


oMtarran Branch 


Eduardo Herrera 

37-49 — 77 

Jock Nlcfctoas 


Pierre Futke 


Craig Ferry 


Andy Oldcora 


Scott Shimon 


wnvne Riiev 


Peter Smith 


Francis Guinn 


Gil Morgan 


Joe Higgins 


Paul woy 


Fredrlk Undgrm 


Paul Curry 

3*39 — 73 

Phil Mkketson 


Costard Ino Rocca 


James McGovern 


Tommy Nakoibna 


Ian Woosnam 


Eduardo Romero 


Leo FlcUins 

38-42 — BO 

o- John Horri* 


Des Smyth 


John Cook 


Jose Maria Can hares 


Darren dome 


attention Pulton 



Japanese Leagues 


tttng coach, and Bath Ityte, assistant trainer. 

_ L T Pet OB 
Yomturl a » • “ 

YafcuH 37 Si 0 SB Vh 

ChunicM 17 * 0 9W 

Yokohama M It 0 -472 II 

Horahbi 2 2 o wE 

Hiroshima 3* » 0 -* 51 

Yomhjrf 1, ClwnkM 0 
Yakut! 9. Hiroshima 6 
Honshu £ Yokohama 2 

HEW YORK — Announced tlx* Erie Andar- 
Bn forward, has Honed with Andorra. Span- 
ish League. 

ORLANDO Wn tvod Bryan edwenta and 
joar Wrtatifc guard* and Anthony Read,4or* 


DALLAS— Stoned Tim DanieLntde recalv-, 
gr end Mott VOndertoato ihebackar. Ra- 
teased Crala fowl kletor. 

DETROIT— Agreed hi ferine with Tom 
UHf HflRmCkCTa 

IMDIAHAPOLIS— Waived Don MdlkowskL 


W L 
44 27 
62 30 
39 32 
V 37 
30 * 


Nippon Ham V 67 2 
T Uuis d n y* Row*" 
Sefbu 4 NWKffl Ham 2 
Dart 5. Orix 2 

JUS — 
.582 an 
542 5ft 
-4M 9ft 
jn « 
MB toft 


Japan 1 Ghana 1 


DETROtt-SSSwSrrtfclO <***”* 
at Florida ogaalkw* , unnf 

iwlwaukEE— O ntfonad coub ™pt£ 

. a flour, la 

dml fonosiok. pitcher* from 

HEW VORK-R*»CT8ed Gt W » *?* *£££ 

' or. Bought eontrod o! 

L CofcjmOuSr °**** ** D0VB ' 
. tWrt baseman* i* Cohra "‘~_ 


PITTSBURGH — ***^^*1*^^?^!. ntaiML 
pitcher, from Buffo** AA. Optioned ^ 
nor, pitener, to Buffalo. P m dl 

GAN FRANasco— Ston«lDm*d rflWMi 
opHWdor. (a minor wwwa contract 

KANSAS CITY— -Stories) MWxrt YtartP. 
■ride receiver, to two-year co n tra ct : 

tarmswith James FohdetLlinMactH'.Skml 
M9» Alexander, wide receiver. 

Brae*, wWe reeehar, to three-year eatAToO. 
Pane d to terms with TJ- RaMey, auorter- 
bade, on anayear contract. 

MIAMI— Claimed Ptd Johnson, safety, off 
wahrtn hunt Atlanta. Waived Alex Utah, 
nnebadew. ' 

MINNESOTA— Signed Oarmae Venttt 
kMcrrtvnwr-wHg recetver, to one-wor con- 
tract Todd Sfeunto offensive lineman, to 
touMicar ceahwet 

NEW ORLEANS SAINTS-Aw»#d in tafitis 

wlffi Dorian Omar* Dnebocfcovon engveor 
L BOilVCt 

NEW YORK JETS— Agreed to terms with 
BID Picket detanttie toMto. 

PITTSBURGH— WgilCd Tetm Fow mitcto* 

tensive ent to multiyear antod 

SAN DIEGO— Agreed to tarmwOh l»e 

Davis, puant or three-year whueti Trent 
Green, qaarierhadu Tony Vtouh rmntog 
back: cmd Darren KreMi, defemtw end. an 
twwvetf contracts: . and Eric Jaaamn, 

oornd, on anevew eontrod. 

iAN FRANCISCO— Stoned Brton TM» 
wide receiver. 

SEATTLE— Agreed to terms wim Mike 
PteL datandvo . 


Mottenei Hockey Letaec 
HARTFORD-dtonad Jtomnr Onoi> dift- 
j*-, to muOtyear contract 


Oaua^wr tmehancaaclLMoik Faner.vns- 

MISSISSIPPI— Promoted Joe Lee Dam 
defensive coensootor. to Interim head toot- 
baa coach. 

MUHLENBERG — Named Vic jomeeheoe- 
baH coach and a mtanm l featfian oaoeh: 
Christine Baty menu end wamanta trade and 
fWdCaach: Bib Loarv. Kvto Mblh and Ray 
StrelBctrl ogta heit tooffnll coaches; Dtono 
Itonemmtoton Uta idtomgyoBoduondMe- 
Itaeo Me w t iard women's csetatant boskeawn 

NICHOLLS STATE— Homed Louise Banin 
women's b minitui ll coach. 

Jung Ok womens mfetont bariutban coach. 

baseball coach. 

PAC E Nam ed Botv Dickson men's assis- 
tant basketball andi 

PRINCETON— Named Gait Rom say w orn , 
wrt wuad i condi 

RIDER— Morxwd Mark WBcaxnsm^oesta- 
hmt basfceibaH coach. 

RUTGERS— Tina Raddfch women's vet- 
leybaD coach resigned. 

ST. THOMAS. FLA— Nomad Roger Morris 
mrt* twuis coach: Brier Reus men's ana 
women* aotf coach; and Stephanie zoftL 
offer womens vaitevtaH ctack 

SAN DIEGO ST*— Named FeUcto Fora 
Kopges nstattnt womer T s soccer couch 

STEVENS TEOt-Nomed Aha KosDo cod 
Darryl Jgeoha men's uls l uni bcaketlxrii 

STOCKTON STATE— Named Chris Crow- 
tey baskeitnllcoodi daring one-year leavo at 
tesam granted to coocti Gerry M at th e ws. 

SOUTH CAROLINA— Named Nancy Dim- 
oan vomerrsm etahed swUnramg end diving 

TEMPLE Homed Data Strewn detansive 

men's asstatoatbasketbaU coaA, 

TRINITY, TEXAS— Named Scoff A. WJI- 
Rbh mens and women* track and fleW 
coach and (flat Cawed womens goH coach 
Announced woniefri god will become a varaL 

tysparL gffecttvg the 199*95 academic vear. 

TULANE — Announced that Ivan ZweiB, 
pUe ftv. has Irmsferred to L5U. 

WINGATE — Nomad MHce Craft metrt os- 
statdat bgakathatl coach 

YESHIVAr N am ed 
mwVs temb coodk 

The All - Star Game Over, Let the Races Resume 

By Murray Chass 

AVw Yen t Tima Soviet 

PITTSBURGH — In the oddity of 
Unnatural afliancus that an All-Star 
Game creates, the two players most re- 
sponsible for ending the National 
League’s embarrassing losing streak will 
now return to the task of trying to beat 
each other’s brains out in the race for the 
National League Hast championship. 

When Fred McGriff of Atlanta swat- 
ted an electrifying pinch-hit, two-nm 
home run in the ninth timing that tied 
the score. Tuesday night and Moises 
Alov of Montreal slugged a game-win- 
ning double in the 10th, they exultantly 
performed for the good of thor league in 
an 8-7 victory that ended the American 
League's winning streak at six games. 

With the regular season resuming 
Thursday night, McGriff and Alou are 
comrades-in-bats no longer. 

Alon’s Expos snatched first place 
from McGriff s Braves on the last day 
before the All-Star break, and the 
Braves want to re gain the lofty perch 
they had hdd every previous day of the 

The Expos, on the other hand, are 
prepared to scrap feverishly for the posi- 
tion they have advanced on with in- 
creasing legitimacy over the past two 
and a half seasons. 

“If s why we have the best record in 
baseball right now,” Alou said after the 
All-Star Game, discussing the contribu- 
tions be and Marquis Grissom, with his 
sixth- inning home run. had made to the 

National's successful quest for its first 

victory since 1987. 

have a talented young team. We' 
know we have the talent to compete. I'm 
not saying we’re going to win, but we 
can compete.” 

The race between the Expos and the 
Braves is only one of many the major 
leagues enjoy as players return to their 
jobs for at least several more weeks, a 
threatened strike looming on the labor 

In the new world of three-division 
alignment, only half a game separates 
the Yankees and the Baltimore Orioles 
in the American League East and only 
two percentage points mark the differ- 
ence between the Cleveland Indians and 
the Chicago White Sox in the American 
League CeitraL 

Tne Texas Rangers maintain their 
lead and a losing record in the American 
League West, but the Oakland Athletics 
look much fresher from their vantage 
point three games back. 

The Cincinnati Reds keep fighting off 
the charges of the Houston Astros in the 
National League Central, but their two- 
and-a- half-game margin is by no means 
safe. Only the Los Angeles Dodgers, in 
the National League west, have a lead 
greater than three games, and that is 
p rimari ly by default. __ 

The defaulters are the San Francisco 
Giants, who have been unable to play 
better than 200 percentage points below 
their 1993 victory pact 

Of all the contenders for the six divi- 

sion championships and two first-time 
wild-card playoff spats, the Indians 
have the most grueling but fascinating 
stretch ahead. 

A franchise without a first-place fin- 
ish in 40 years, the Indians not only play 
8 games against the White Sox in the 
next 1 1 days, but they also play three 
games each against the Rangers, the 
Yankees and the Orioles in a 17-game 
span that takes them to the end of the 

These impressive young Indians, with 
the Ail-Stars Kenny Lofton (who sin- 
gled across two runs) and Albert Belle 
phis Carlos Baerga, Omar Vizquel and 
Mark Clark, should know by the end of 
that period how good they really are. 

The Yankees, if they are realistic, 
should ask themselves how good they 
really are. As the Expos were leapfrog- 
ging the Braves last Sunday, the Orioles 
had one leg past the Yankees in their 
effort to make a similar jump. 

But Mark McGwire’s ninth-inning 
home nm against Lee Smith (who also 
gave up McGrifTs ninth-inning All-Star 
home nm) kept the Yankees in first 
place, where they have been since May 

The Yankees begin the rest of the 
season with 8 losses in their last 11 
games and a bunch of problems physical 
and otherwise (Terry Mulholland’s 
pitching bong one otherwise). 

The Rangers have led the American 
League West since May 30. but for only 
one week of that time have they had a 

winning, or .500. record. The Athletics. 
on the other hand, have compiled a 23-8 
record since June 6, catapulting them- 
selves into the race. 

If there is one certainty in the Ameri- 
can League, it's that the wild-card team 
won't come from the West, That means 
that one team from among the Yankees, 
the Orioles, the Indians and the White 
Sox faces elimination from post-season 

A similar circumstance exists in the 
National League, where the Expos, the 
Braves, the Reds and the Astros are 
playing for three playoff spots. Based on 
first-half developments, the wild-card 
team most likely will be the Expos or the 
Braves, whichever doesn’t win the East 
championship. Those teams resume play 
with the best records in the majors. 

None of the National League con- 
tenders have a schedule dose to the task 
confronting the Indians. 

The Expos and the Braves will play 
three times in Atlanta July 25, 26 and 27, 
the same days the Astros and the Reds 
play in Cincinnati. The same pairings 
are scheduled in the other cities for the 
final three days of the season, meaning 
that two of the National League’s three 
division championships could be decid- 
ed on the final weekend. 

For that possibility to exist, the sea- 
son would have to last that long. 
Chances are great it will not. unless it 
has resumed by then after the expected 



















jc r 

















! i 


Page 18 




The ‘Sweat and Tears’ of a Brilliant Baggio 

By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

His fellow Italians triumphed in a son of 
agony alongside of Roberto Baggio. They 
were all faces and gestures as they moved 
toward the World Cup final, while Baggio, 
who was taking them there, became a sil- 

The Baggio who scored twice in Italy' s 
2-1 semifinal victory was untouchable, as 
if the man had become a reflection of his 
own shadow. This was the final transfor- 
mation of a genius giving himself up to the 
spotlight which so terrifies and bedazzles 
his teammates. They would not be going 
on to play Brazil for the title on Sunday if 
that spotlight had reflected off of Baggio 
— -blinding them — as it did over the three 
first-round matches. Italy was on the verge 
of dismissal then. 

Over the course of eight days, Baggio 
has learned how to deal with the pressures 
as only a few others have done over the 64 
years of this tournament. In a span of 148 
minutes he has scored five goals, and in the 
matches preceding Wednesday’s he had 

twice rescued his team from defeat Now 
the skeptical attention of an entire world 
seemed trained on him. It was one thing to 
convert defeat into victory; and it would 
have been another thing to live up to the 
expectations of leading Italy through the 
semifinal. What Baggio did was unprece- 
dented in a career that already had de- 
clared him the world and European player 
of 1993. The pressures ran through him 
and improved him. He absorbed the light. 

“This is my work, my life, and it is made 
of sweat and tears," he said before be 
limped away to the team bus, where some 
Bulgarians were waiting to have pictures 
taken with him. "But this time," be 
claimed, "I cried because I was very, very 

hater the defeated Bulgarians affirmed 
Baggio for his greatness, but they learned 
nothing from it- For their own weakness 
they blamed the referee. It was, after all, a 
short brilliant spell cast by Baggio, and as 
it wore off he collided with a Bulgarian 
defender and had a tooth chipped. Then, 
more than 20 minutes after Hnsto Stoitch- 
koY convened a penalty for the final score. 

Whose Side Was He On? 
It’s More Than Theology 

By Elliott Almond 

Las Angela Tima Service 

After it was over, after Bulgaria’s dream 
machine was left broken and battered in a 
2-1 semifinal loss to Italy, Hristo Stoich- 
kov was asked if God was still a Bulgarian. 

“Yes,” the temperamental striker said. 
“But the referee was French." 

In soccer, that might mean more. At 
least it did to Bulgaria on Wednesday at 
the Meadowlands, where the World Cup’s 
surprise imw finally met its match. 

Everyone wearing the white, green and 
red of Bulgaria seem to think that Joel 
Quiniou, the referee, not Italy, was the 
problem. The consensus from coach to 
players to the Bulgarian press was Quiniou 
missed two crucial falls in the second half 
that would have given Bulgaria a good 
chance to send the match into overtime. 

“Today it was again proven. The offici- 
ating of this World Cup was among the 
weakest in the history of Woild Cups,” 
said Stoichkov, who was replaced in the 
79th minute because of a slight leg injury. 

Perhaps it was East European suspi- 
cions left over from the Cold Wai, but 
Bulgaria had reason to question the choice 
of Quiniou as their referee. 

After all, it was November in Paris when 
Emile Kostadinov scored in the last min- 
ute to prevent France from traveling to 
World Cup ’94. 

Kostadinov was involved in the first 
controversial play midway through the 
second half when he dribbled through Ita- 
ly’s defense into the penally box. The ball 
took a high bounce and hit Alessandro 
Costacurta’s hand. Kostadinov said it was 

Quiniou did not see it that way, and he 
probably was right. When the ball acciden- 
tally hits a defender's hand, play contin- 
ues. Otherwise, Bulgaria would have 
earned a penalty kick. 

To our readers in Switzerland 

Its never been easier to subscribe 
and save. 

Just call our Zurich office 
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“The referee had the whistle in his 
mouth, and then be looked at the linesman 
and changed his mind about blowing the 
whistle,” said Borislav Mikhailov, Bulgar- 
ia’s goalkeeper. 

The second controversial play came near 
the match’s end when Iordan Letchkov 
collided with Roberto Mussi on the right 
side of the goal. Bulgaria wanted a free kick, 
but Quiniou did nothing. Both players were 
going for the ball and it was difficult to 
determine if a foul was committed 

Coach Dimiiar Pcnev said he thought 
Bulgaria deserved one call, if not both. 

“Two is too much,” he said “Maybe one 
would have been fair.” 

Bulgaria’s defeat did not distract from 
its brilliant performance in the tourna- 
ment; it has a chance to finish third in the 
world Its sudden rise in international soc- 
cer is still difficult to fathom. 

Nine years ago, it seemed Bulgaria 
would never develop a serious soccer pro- 
gram. During a 1985 match pitting Levsky 
Sofia against CSKA, the army team, a riot 
broke out when players, coaches and fans 
charged the Communist regime fixed the 
game in CSKA's favor. 

While fans brawled in the stands, 
Stoichkov and CSKA teammate Nasko 
Sirakov fought with Mikhailov in the tun- 
nel leading to the locker rooms. They were 
suspended for life but reinstated after sev- 
en months — in time for World Cup quali- 
fying in 1986. 

The hard feelings have never ceased but 
the three have been instrumental in leading 
the 1994 national team. 

“We don’t have to worry about what the 
government says anymore," Mikhailov 
said. “That has been lie secret." 

Now there are other problems — name- 
ly, money. After Bulgaria’s victory over 
France in Cup qualifying matches, Valen- 
tine Mihov, the president of Bulgaria’s 
soccer federation, offered $100,000 bonus- 
es to players. 

But the federation was unable to deliver, 
which caused an uproar on the eve of the 
World Cup. Players were mollified with 
$25,000 bonuses, but not before Mihov was 
forced to resign a few weeks before the Cup. 

"Everything’s settled now," said Hristo 
Danov, federation vice president. 

Everything except that French referee. 

Baggio frit the hamstring muscle pull tight 
in ms right leg at the end of a 67th-minute 
run into the penalty box. He was replaced 
by Giuseppe Signori a short time later. 

The next few days will be dominated by 
reports of Baggio’s condition. It looks very 
much like a final test designed for the rare 
star whose performance has exceeded all 

“Roberto Baggio will play the final" 
assured Antonio Matarrese, president of 
the Italian federation. 

Countered Baggio, “There is no certain- 
ty in my status for the final.” 

“Apparently, something is wrong with 
my muscle,” be said. "Exactly what, 2 
don’t know." 

Vincenzo Pincolinl the team’s trainer, 
said Thursday that “at the moment his 
chances” of playing Sunday “are 50 per- 
cent" because of what be said was a 
strained muscle. 

Less than four weeks earlier, Giants Sta- 
dium had been filled wich Irish supporters 
who applauded Baggio's every failure dur- 

the field in the first half of Italy’s victory 
over Norway. Those might have been the 
worst days of bis career, so itis not diffi- 
cult to imagine the contradictions bub- 
bling inride as he altered this stadium as 
savior through the same door that had sent 
him out as goat. Or perhaps he had been a 
“drenched rabbit,” as be was called recent- 
ly by Gianni Agnelli, the owner of Baggio’s 
dub team, Juventus. 

The three tiers encircling the field were 
filled largely by Italians whose honking 
and shouting gave the impression of a bad 
traffic accident in Rome. They ch e ered 
Italy with a force that served notice of the 
p unishm ent awaiting losers. The Bulgari- 
ans stood in a line, twitching at the knees, 
anxious to leant whether these three-time 
champions would be as vulnerable as the 
Germans had been in the previous round. 
The afternoon was harsh and steaming, 
and Baggio frowned against the sunlight. 
Recovering from an inflamed Achilles’ 
tendon, he had appeared exhausted since 
the end of the fust round. 

Within two minutes Baggio was practi- 
cally warning the Bulgarians that he was 

going to beat them —slamming a free kick 
at the belly of their two-man wall then 
charing a loose ball dangerously into the 
box. As the goalkeeper Borislav Mikhailov, 
fielded it, toe defender Petar Houbtchsv 
gave Baggio a not-so-playful shove. He re- 
ceived only a glance in return from Baggio. 

The chanters. of “Italia, Italia,” by the 
tag s of thousands were all staring at him, 
the opponents were wary of him, the heat 
could not be escaped — yet Baggio stood 
as always in a slouch, his bad posture an 
expression ofoalm. His braided ponytail is 

not an expression of aggression but a sym- 
bol of gentleness; he nas been trying to 
match it with a goatee, which $tiU looks 
like peach fuzz. He is 27 years old and the 
team shirt was stiD a little bit too big, 
relaxed and baggy. 

In the 21st minute he stole a throw-in 
from two Bulgarians. He turned toward 
the box, where a third Bulgarian was 
awaiting- The sun was slightly behind 
them, and so theshadow of Baggio ran 
ahftftd as quickly and nimbly as Ba gg io 
hims elf. The ball, was in the net before 
anyone realized what he had begun. 


» % 



Alessandro Costacuita refused to Unger 
for the celebrations. 

As his teammates hugged their coach, 
Arrigo Saochi, and Roberto Baggio wept 
on the shoulders of anyone within range, 
the AC Milan defender headed straight for 
the dressing rooms, brushing aside a mem- 
ber of Italy’s staff who tried to stop him. 

A yellow card in the 6 2d minute, his 
second of the tournament’s latter stages, 
had ended his World Cup. 

In May, a suspension had ruled him out 
of AC Milan's European Cup triumph over 
Barcelona, depriving him of a part in one of 
the great dub performances in recent years. 

Now he will merely be a spectator at the 
Rose Bow] in Sunday's final against Brazil 
“Costacuita is obviously very disap- 

pointed,” said Italy's captain, Paolo Mai- 
dim. “Playing in a World Cup final is the 
kind of thing that happens maybe once in a 
player’s career." 

“After the match we were all very 
pleased, but there was also sadness. We 
played the European Cup final in Athens 
without Costacurta and Franco Bares! and 
it looks like well have to do the same 

.• : SSL'. • , 

_ , _ . Boh Strong/ Agcncc Fmkc-Prcxxe 

Roberto Baggio scored first on a shot flat stunned defender Trifon Ivanov and froze goalkeeper Borislav Mikhailov. 

Costacurta: Amid Italy’s Joy, a Yellow Card of Despair 

As if seeking to immortalize Baggio, his 
teammates set out after the shadow. In the 
25th minute, Dcmetno Albertim would hit 
Sr^and then fire, a rebound that was 
tipnedover the bar by MDchaflov — and 
Stime Albertini grabbed at his ton and 
gasped at the right of what h ? 1 

boaiable to do. A few minutes later, 
Picrtniri Cariraghi would stagger Wide- 
very nearly finishi^ a 
oresented by Baggio; in the 43d minute, 
the Italian captain, Paolo MaMuu, would 
crumble toils knees as bis heading of a 
corner flared just wide of the post. 

■ Success was almost beyond their unagi- 

M Sb£nagme what it took for Baggio, who 
lives in the brightest, hottest pan of their 
environment, and who two weeks earlier 
was doser to a greater failure than any Of 
th em could Imag ine — faOW W8S it that 
Baggio could so effortlessly nm down a 
bounding pass from Albertim m the 26th 
nicking the ball out of the air on a 
hard angle across the box and into the low 
far comet? Easier chances had been much 
too much for Maldim and Albertim. As 
Baggio ran to a stop, blowing losses 

against the overflowing wave of noise from 

the crowd, it became dear that he had 
burred the emotions winch had threatened 
to bury him. This is what it means to play 
with the efficiency and nithlessncss of a 
shad ow, and it is not without cost. 

The rest of the g»me went away from 
Baggio. His original defender, Zlatko Ian-£1- . 
koy, was replaced by the more diligent 
Trifon Ivanov, who was responsible for 
chipping Baggio’s tooth. At the other end, 
NaskoSrakov was being tumbled by Ales- 
sandro Costacuita over the Italian goal- 
keeper's legs at the end of a good run, and 
Stoitchkov was converting the penalty for 
his sixth goal of the tournament 

Predictably, the Italians swarmed to 
protect their lead. The Bulgarians com- 
plained about three alleged fouls in the 
Italian penalty box — the most apparent 
being a hand ball by Costacurta that was 
ruled inadvertent by die French official 
Joel Quiniou. After the defeat Stoitchkov’ 
was asked whether God was still a Bulgari- 
an, as he had proclaimed after the second- 
round shoot-out victory over Mexico. 

“Yes, I think God was ou our ride but 
the referee was French," Stoitchkov re- 
plied. He and other Bulgarians inferred 
that Quiniou had succeeded in avenging 
France’s crucial loss to Bulgaria in the 
final World Cup qualifier last November. 

“Of course it was a referee on the verge 
of retirement, it was probably his last 
World Cup,” Stoitchkov said. "I don't 
think it was just a coincidence that this 
referee was chosen to officiate our match.” 

Baggio watched as op p osing strikers 
EmfleKostadinov and Stoitchkov, himself 
suffering with a hamstring injury, were 
replaced in the final minutes. For all of the 
Bulgarian control in the second half, thej 
Italians were harcfly threatened. The final ' 
moments ticked away and Baggio stood, 
hands pressed together at his chin. 

No sooner had the game ended flan his 

chest oS^his nearest teammate, Dwo^ag- 
©o, and hddtight as be was danced clum- 
sily across the field from partner to part- 
ner, hugging one teammate after another, 
sobbing as they had never seen him do 
-before. He accidentally embraced a Bul- 

• At the end be found himself in the arms 
of Gigi Riva, the alltime leading Italian 
scorer whose team bad advanced to the 
1970 final. There it lost to Brazil On 
Sunday, Baggio will meet Brazil. 

“Gigi Riva knows what one feds in this 
type of situation,'” Baggio said later. _ . 

So, too, do Baggio’s teammates. They . 
agonize over what they could have done, 
he suffers with what he has to do. Itis the 
burden of his shadow. 




Page 19 


m Wm 

: S«* ,:•*»•.* ' • ■■ T K'-’ 


* V/- ; 

RomArio, haring beaten goalkeeper Thomas Rardfi, was surprised to have tins shot stopped by Patrik Andersson. 

Brazil Triumphs Over Swedish Defense 

By Steve Berkowitz 

Wash in gt o n Post Service . 

PASADENA California — The final 
score was 1-0. But it might as well have 
been 100-0. 

The way Brazil dominated Sweden in 
their semifinal Wednesday at tbs Rose 
Bowl, the teams could have played for days 
and Sweden would never have soared. 

But the Brazilians could not find a way 
through the game Swedish defense, either. 
Not until the 8 1st minute^ when their insa- 
tiable striker, Romirio — aU 5 feet, 6 
inches of him — outjumped two defenders 
and headed a long crossing pass from Jor- 
ginho past beleaguered goalkeeper Thom- 
as Raveffi. 

“It had to come sometime,” said Swe- 
den's coach. Tommy Svensson, whose 
team was outshot, 26-3, and played a man 
short for the final 27 minutes. 

Sumlarfy, the Brazilians’ return to the 
title match had to come sometime. They 
have fielded many excellent World Cop 
teams since winning their third champion- 
ship in 1970, but have found only drsap- 

“It is a big achievement after 24 years,” 
said Brazil’s coach, Carlos Alberto Par- 
dreira, whose team will be favored in Sun- 
day's fin«t here against Itahr’ “We arenot 
h^py’yetTbntlt' B^alreaay an' adueto- 

Brazil’s muted postgame celebration re- 
flected that sentunenL At the final whistle^ 

its reserves charged onto the fidd waving 
their arms and there were hugs all around. 
But the players didn't Huger. The true 
celebrating can cone only on -Sunday, 

when either Brazil or Italy will win a re- 
cord fourth Worid Cup. 

“We want to give a beautiful present to 
the whole nation,” Branco, the Brazilian 
defender, said. 

Sweden, already has done so with its best 
performance since 1958, when it finished 
as runner-up to Brazil. 

“Yes,” Patrik Andersson, a defender for 
Sweden, said. “Let's parte on.” 

“We must recognize that we lost to a 
much better team today,” Svensson said. 
*Tm pretty sure Brazil will win the final ” 
After needing overtime as well as penal- 
ty kicks to oust Itaraania on Sunday, there 
simply , was. not enough recovery tone for 
the five Swedish starters who played 
Wednesday despite na g gin g injuries. The 
Swedes also played without Stefan 
Schwarz, their starting midfielder, who 
was serving a one-game suspension for 
reooving two yellow-card cautions and 
thus was qected from the quarterfinal vio- 

Punesra neatly summarized the result, 
winch was a far cry from the teams’ 1-1 
match two weeks ago in the first round. 

“Technically, tactically and physically , 
we controlled the game,” Paireira said. 
“We created all of the situations for the 
whole game. The only difficulty was get- 
ting the ball in the goaL” 

( In the 26th mmole^seemingly innocu- 
ous loose ball at Sweden's end turned into 
a near disaster, with only a miraculous 
play keeping the game scoreless. 

The ball bounced to Romirio, who freed 
himself as only he can. After a couple of 
dribbles toward the sideline to gel dear of 
the traffic surrounding the ball, he cut 
-toward the goal, split two defenders and 

For Sweden, There Were No Miracles 

By Christopher Qarey 

New. York Time* Seme* _ 

PASADENA, California — Jonas 
Them turned around in the middle of the 
Rose Bowl, in the middle of motions upon 
millions of television screens from Cape- 
town to Copenhagen, and let a look of 
great surprise flicker across his face. Refer- 
ee Josfc Torres Cadena was trotting pur- 
posefully toward him and reac hing far the 
red card in his shirt pocket. 

Them, the Swedish captain, had realized 
tha t he might be sidelined by his sprained 
knee, but he never thought that knocking 
the legs from under Dunga of Brazil near 
midfield would be enough to send, him out 
of bis first World Cup se mifinal . 

But Cadena, a‘ Colombian who seldom 
h eg j t»«es when it cranes to han d in g out 
cautions, had determined that Them was 
done in the 63d minute of a scoreless 

Them did not protest; he did not evm 
glare at Cadena. He simply jogged over to 
Dunga, extended his right arm and shoe* 
the fallen Brazilian’s hand. From then on. 
Sweden, already overmatched with 11 
players, would have to m a k e do with 10. 

“As soon as Jonas went off, we knew it 
would take a miracle for us to win, said 
defender Patrik Andersson, who had al- 
ready prevented a goal m the half by 
clearing shot by Rom. 10 shot off the goal 


There would be no miracles for Sweden. 
Romirio made sure of that in the 80th 
minute by using his bead instead of his 
more famous feet. But the Swedes,. true- to 
Thera’s gallant handshake, were not about 
to put afl the blame on Cadena for ending 

their best World Cup 

“It was the wrong call, goalkeeper 

Th omas Ravdli said. “I think the referee 
did not see what happened- He only saw 
Dungafafl, and Dunga made quite a show 
of throwing-ltis *nna up in the air. 

“Maybe we could have played them to a 
draw through thefirst 90 minutes if we had 
11 players on the fidd. But I think we were 
aU very tired during the second half. And 
they had a lot of goal chances, Brazil. They 
were going to get one eventually ” 

Perhaps the Swedes already had used up 
their share of good fortune and adrenaline 

They had a lot of goal 
chances, BraziL They -were 
going to get one 

by beating the more gifted Romanians in 
Sunday’s penalty kick shootout. 

“It was too tough,” their coach, Tommy 
Svensson, said of the short break between 
games. “We bad some players who were 
not 100 percent, and we could not recover 
fully, as yon have to do when you play 

. . Even wife all their players at 100 per- 
cent, even with midfielder Stefan Schwarz, 
who was out because of two yellow cards, 
the Swedes admitted that an upset would 
have been difficult 

In the first game between these teams 
fin ring group play, a 1-1 draw, fee Swedes 
had tfreir share of opportunities in the 
pr g r fltan halt On Wednesday,- they could 
manage only three shots to the Bra Titians’ 
26, and all three of those shots failed to 
give Brazilian goalkeeper Taffarel much 
chance to be spectacular. 


ttafy 2, Spam 1 

Sunday Jo* 10 

Bulgaria 2. Gormanyl 

<Mdan a wmarf* « l°» panama***""** 
h amr «artffl&> 


Wadnaaday July 13> 

0042. Bulgaria 1 



third place 

SaMtiay JirfyK 

aj Paaaaan*- Cafe 
Bufeafla vs. SneOtrx. 18K GMT 


Sunday July 17 

A) pandara. cafe. . . 
Bran) vs. lUW. 1*5 QMT 

Match Results 


Scow: R-nflrto <8MM. 

Refer**: JM* Torres Cadena (Cotomtta). 
Red card: Sweden - Jonaa Hwi (SU). 

YMlaw can**: Brazil -ZW»M»»;SN«ten- 

Rosar Lltma RNM, Twnas BeNtoi (MttU. . 


Koran: Hoftr - RoDeris Dante tSJst and 

Rotera*! Joel Quintal {Franoei. 

YaOaw cards: Holy - AWmdra Costa- 
curia t*2nd), DMWlrfe A8»rttnl (stal): But- 
onto - Cmfl KMonwv tSMh Yoeaan Lfeefc- 
km (Mm). »o»o tanfcsv (Mb). 


i — cNra SoiaTkO, Ttussks; Hrtsto StuiJctacDV, 

5 — Aoborio Bogota- Holy: Jttroan I ao» 
moan. Gemawi-AMiM. Bran. 

4 — KannM Aodenaoa Swaden; Gabriel 
dacMiL Romania; Sweden. 

3 — Batata Brail; Ctanlnor o . Spain; Juan 
Arionb GoQtttfxea, Spain: marts Bera- 
koa*. Neftartan*,- Gtoorghe Hagt, Roma, 

S— PMHppe Altai, Batofamu Fuck) Amin. 

Arabia; Daniel AiMWcM. Nigeria: 
Emmanuel Amunfte, Ntovla; Dim Bcw^X 
Italy; Geonm Breay. Switzerland; Tom® 
Braun. S weden; Ooudto Canlgeta. Argwrft- 
na; iite DumlTrcKu. Ro ma nia; Lub Gordo. 
Mvdco; Jon Aaabni CMUdwaMn; Hens 
Myong Bo. South Korea; Iordan Lefehtaw, 
Butaarfw Adeifo Voloncta. Colombia; Ruffl 
VtHler. Germany; Wtai Jank. iwmrtaids. 

1 — Join AMrfdoc. intaad: AM Bama, at- 
imdtnai Aitar Bea l rWMtuSdota: Morcoilno 
BcrnoL Mcriw; Froneofee Onwn Blyk*. 
Camenm DnnM Borimlre* Bufenrto: Bran- 
ca. Brmflj SKffm ChaPubuL SwtbwWM; 
MatammodOaMdUMaraoEo; W«Mme 
Sototum; aMd Emae. amnm ABtne 

GardfcMMcw Homan CavUla, Cofenwo; 
FtaWGoorsaMBBrim FamdGMwnvsav- 
ffl Artfela; Georges Grurv Bofe fem; Joscp 
G nanflokvSpala; FnontoMBTtaSpaku Ray 
HooBMoalralond: HmraSwi Hong.Sautfi Ko- 
na; Sami Jdw. Saudi Arobfe; Adriai Knn 

RoaorLIungirSiwden; Jam Harold Lomno. 
Cofembla; Dtago Maradona Argentina; Luis 
Enrtaue Martfcw. Spain; DanWe Maasanx 
Italy; Mar M u tlhowa. Germany; Roo*r 
Mffler, Cameroon; Haw» Nader. Morocco; 
SaoodOwalnm.SDad Arabia; Oanlel VOollo 
Pelrwu. Re montaj Dmttn Radchenko. Ruv 
eia; RaLBraW.-KMlI RakdaLHarwav; Kart- 
note Rfeae, Germonyi Bryan Roy, Netfwr- 
nnas; Jtdla SaflntB, Spakv Erwin SfeWiez. 
MMw Alordo Santas. Brail.' See June 
Won. Saudi Korea; Samson Stella. NtoortoJ 
Nashs Strahov. Butaarta; Emfe Stewart 
United States; Alain Sutter. SwHmrtmd: 
Gaston Ttament Netaertaode; Aran Wkitar. 
NoOertands; Eric Wynahta, united Stale*; 
RastMad YeUnL Ntaeria 

Own Goate— Andre* Eecsbor, Cotambta tvs. 
United Stated. 

History Would Have It No Other Way 

suddenly was onc-on-one against Ravdli 
deep in the penalty area. 

Ravdli dutifully came off his goal line to 
challenge Romirio, but it was no cot test 
Romfino easily dodged to the right, leaving 
Ravdli grasping at air as fee Brazilian 
glided to within six meters of the goaL He 
then elegantly cut fee ball bade toward 
what ap pea r ed to be an open net 

But Andersson almost magically materi- 
alized along the goal Kwa , and maria A 
hliriing kick save. 

“Fm stiti trying to figure out where that 
guy came from,” Romirio said. 

The bad rebounded to B razilian mid- 
fielder Mazmho, who was by himself on 
the right ride about 10 meters from fee 
goal, with Ravdli stOl out of the play and 
Andersson still on the ground. Mazmho 
drilled a shot into the outside of the ride 

Brazfl’s domination continued during 
the first 10 minutes of the second half. Rai 
replaced Man'nh o at fee start of that half, 
and nearly scared just two minutes later. 
Ravdli had to recklessly dive to block that 
shot from dose range. 

After another sprawling save by RaveUL 
Sweden pnt together several counterat- 
tacks. But, in the 63d minute, its ability to 
attack at ad suffered a serious blow. While 
making a futile play for fee ball, Jonas 
Them-wiped-Brazflian midfielder Donga's - 
legs out from under him. The foul occurred 
in open fidd and in dear view of the 
referee, Jos£ Torres, who flashed the red 

Them apologetically shook hands wife 
Dunga, then departed, leaving Sweden 
wife 10 players. Finally, Sweden would 

Iiuenuzhomd Herald Tribune 

L OS ANGELES — It had been staring 
us is the face all along. In 1970, Brazil 
played Italy in the final of the Woxid Cup 
across the border from here, in Mexico. In 
1994. they get to play it again for Unde 

The Brazilians and Italians are back 
where they fed they belong, the sport of 
soccer has ai last grown into something 
bigger than a sound bite to Americans, and 
all it needs now to complete history's cycle 
is for Brazil to beat Italy, 4-1, in fee Rose 
Bowl on Sunday. 

Old timers will tell you it ain’t the ymifc 
It never ^ ^ 
could be. D nh m 

Like their EfSh «« 
youth, the Hughes 

time has 

passed. life, even fee fantasy life of sports, 
is not a time capsule. 

We will sever a gain see fee likes of Pde, 
Carlos Alberto, Tostao, Gerson and Jair- 
z mho on one B razili an team. Never see fee 
movement of soccer turned to such liquid 
gold as 1970. We may not believe that the 
current Italian azzuri comes dose in quali- 
ty and charisma to feat of G iandnt o Fac- 
cfaeti, Gianni Rivera and Luigi Riva. 

But it was a wonderfully symbolic, hu- 
man moment when old man Riva, fee lean 
and maturing hero of Italy's past, provided 
a shoulder for Roberto Baggio to cry on. 

Nobody sheds team quite like an Italian. 
Baggio, the new talicman to Italy's soccer 
mania, had found two more goals — classi- 
cal strokes from a classical young man — 
to beat Bulgaria in the semifinal outride 
New Yoric City. 

His body then gave way. A hamstring 
full of pain, a tooth cracked, a wise Italian 
decision to withdraw him and save, if it is 
medically possible, Baggio's remaining 
drills for fee final against BraziL 

He believes he will make h. His doctors 
think there is hope. But in the moment the 
final whistle blew Wednesday, his tears 
were bittersweat, fee emotion of a per- 
former without whom this second-rate 
Italian team would be nowhere near the 
ultimate goaL So, naturally, it was Riva 
who comforted and congratulated him We 
seldom remembered seeing Riva smile, 
certainly not the paternal, caring kind of 
smile wife which he cradled the sobbing 
Baggio in the stadium of Giants. 

But Riva, almost a silent sphinx of Italy 

past, a figure who did nothing but score, 
was hired by the Italian federation for 
moments like this. His role is to be around, 
to rub shoulders with the new generation, 
to remind it by his presence of what it 
takes to win the prize and to live in fee 
memories of millions of Italians — of Ital- 
ians at home, but also those abroad like fee 
three million who have colonized their 
patches of New York, New Jersey and 
other parts of the United States. 

Meanwhile, across in the continent out- 
ride Los Angeles, Romirio gave the im- 
pression of needing no mentor. Pde, the 
greatest player, never mind the greatest 
Brazilian of them all, was there but distant. 

Pete had criticized Romirio in the 
warm-up to USA *94, had tried to tell fee 
little pnma donna that humility sits best 
on a champion. “I won’t take criticism 
from a museum piece!” Romirio snapped 

Yet as be stood before us Wednesday, 
clutching a water container fee way a baby 
dutches its milk, Romirio did now seem 
shorn erf the arrogance which spurs him to 
moments erf scoring genius. 

Almost every man in fee room dwarfed 
the slight striker. Yet that was true of the 
Swedish defense, and where were those 
Scandinavian athletes, where was their 
muscle and might, when Jorginho crossed 
the ball from fee right and Romirio leapt 
like a salmon to bead in the only goal of 
this semifinal? 

“I don’t make too many headers,” con- 
fessed Romirio. “Really, you could count 
on one hand fee number of goals 1 have 
scored with my head. But being small or 
whatever is not important; it is just a 
matter erf being well positioned and plac- 
ing yourself.” 

Oh yes? Genius never could explain it- 
self. The truth was, Romirio scored that 
goal almost by destiny. He broke the defi- 
ance; the luck, the total commitment to 
survival that had been Sweden's only con- 
tribntion to a match so lopsided that while 
Brazil bombarded fee Swedish goal wife 
26 shots, Sweden got within range just 
three iimw 

Because history sits so heavily on both 
Brazil and Italy, the comparisons will nev- 
er releaL Brazil is definitely capable of 
repeating the 4-1 score, and thus of beating 
Italy to become fee first country to win fee 
World Cup a fourth time. 

Yet even if that happens on Sunday, 

even though it would set off a celebration 
that would bring hysteria and, alas, very 
likely death in Rio de Janeiro, we can tell 
Romano, Bebeto, Aldair and their team- 
mates that they will have to share fee glory 
wife fee giants of histoiy. 

They, and the Italians, have come (his 
far through a tournament that has sapped 
nerve and sinew wife its ferocious heat, its 
pace, its massive and wonderful and de- 
manding crowds. 

In victory or defeat on Sunday, the eu- 
phoria and despair will be levelled by the 
historical aspect. First mil be fee flood of 
emotions experienced by sportsmen at fee 
lop of a draining achievement; then, as 
inevitable as fee setting sun, mil be the 
attempts to quantify what happened here. 

The Brazilians are told every day that 
they are too European, too prosaic The 
Italians are scorned, yet adored, by their 
own crowd. The heads of state are fleeing 
from G-7 meetings and world poverty con- 
gresses to wear their rosettes at fee Rose 
Bowl, and to wave re gall y in fee stands. 

A sporting peak will momentarily lift 
these two soccer hotbeds, the South Amer- 
ican and fee European, from their national 
crises of impoverishment and scandal 
They will not, this weekend, be so obsessed 
with financial scandal in Milan or the price 
of coffee beans in Rio. For a day, a week, a 
month even, the life struggle of so many 
milli ons will be lifted by a sporting mo- 

The Brazilian soccer players are being 
asked by Jorginho, their right back, to 
offer up their match bonuses to a chanty 
for the homeless. Win or lose, the players 
can afford it But in the strange way that 
poor gives to rich, there is not a taxi driver 
in Rio or a street sweeper in Rome who 
would take fee money erf a returning soccer 
hero. Why, even Alexi I alas, fee red- 
bearded American whose own team which 
went out with its head held high, found a 
New York cabbie the other day who would 
not take his fare. 

He must have been a Br azili an or an 
Italian. For fee Wodd Cup is a graphic 
reminder of America’s status as the home 
of immigrants; and as we all are discover- 
ing, America and the world game are in 
harmony. This being Brazil's soccer cente- 
nary year, it has taken fee United States 
praosely 100 years to appreciate what fee 
fuss has been about. 

Rtb a 07 flip ^ TV Tima. 

Cantona Handcuffed After Press Box Argument 


PASADENA, California — French 
national Eric Cantona was handcuffed 
by a policeman after a row with a securi- 
ty guard mimics before fee start of the 
Brazil-Sweden semifinal. 

The striker, who plays for Manchester 
United, was released after a FIFA offi- 
cial, Guido Tognoni. intervened. 

“He was stopped by security and then 
handcuffed, but Guido intervened and 
10 minutes later he was free,” Andreas 
Henen, a FIFA spokesman, said. 

“ Can tana is now a free man There 
was no char ge.” 

Henen said fee incident began when 
Cantona got into an argument wife an 
American technician about the seat he 
was occupying in fee media section of 
fee Rose Bowl stadium reserved for TV 

Cantona, who commentated on the 
match for French television, then left the 
area but was stopped by a volunteer 
security offiaaL 

“At that point,” said one witness, “the 

official became abusive to Cantona and 
pushed him. You don’t do that to Eric 
and he poshed him back. The official 
then went to get a policeman, who hand- 
cuffed Cantona.” 

Other members of the French produc- 
tion staff protested and called for FI- 
FA's aid. 

After he was freed, Cantona, who has 
a fiery reputation both on and off the 
field, left for his hoteL He did not com- 
mentate on fee match, as planned, or on 
anything else. 

“I don’t know how much they had the 
ball,” Ravdli said. “But it must have been 
70 percent to our 30 or maybe 80 to our 20. 
It was like the balls were always coming 
bade in after I cleared them out” 

“I think they played a much better game 
than die first time,” Andersson said. The 
field was a tittle bit wider, so it was good 
for the t<>«m that had possession. We had 
to ran too much today.” 

In the last 20 minutes, the Swedes had to 
do without not only Than but also Martin 
Dahtin, their fastest player and chief of- 
fensive threat, who was replaced by mid- 
fielder Stefan Rehn, a man who had yet to 
play in this tournament. 

“Without Jonas on fee fidd, we had to 
play wife only one forward,” Svensson 
said. “We had to pnt in another midfield- 

Even when Dahtin was in fee ga m e, he 
tiftfi difficulty doing m-nc-h damage against 
Brazil’s defense. If it was not Mdrdo San- 
tos marking him out of the flow, it was 
Aldair or the particularly impenetrable 
Mauro Silva. 

“Their defense was just too much,” An- 
dersson said. “They gave us no opportuni- 

Now, fee Swedes will have to settle for a 
third-place game against Bulgaria on Sat- 
urday and tfie satisfaction of knowing that 
only one other Swedish team in history has 
managed to get this far in a World Cup. 
That team lost in fee final in 1958, and it 
also lost to the Brazilians. 

“Fm disappointed today, of course," 
Svensson said. “Bat we lost to a much 
better team. We have made a tremendous 
tournament, and I think we have to be very 

• • ' • •• -a V- ■ .“I'V-' . .7 

■ ■ • V* 

' - ‘ Ttr 

C*rW Boujn/Apsasc Frrrr TYfT 

Mauro Silva, tackling Tomas Brofin, was the backbone of a defense that limited Sweden to three shots dming the match. 


Cmptkd by Ov Staff Fnm Dbp&dtex 

Brazil has no shortage ofjpas- 
sionate supporters. Few, 
feongh, are as passionate as En- 
zio tie Souza, 37, who draped a 
Brazilian flag around his neck, 
hopped on bis motorcycle and 
drove to Los Angeles in time for 
the s emifinal. 

m Sunday’s closing ceremo- 
nies at fee Rose Bowl will begin 
at 1615 GMT, not the previous- 
ly announced time of 1645. The 
switch was made at the request 
of FIFA to allow players more 
time to warm up before fee 

• The two most popular 
spots outside the Rose Bowl be- 
fore Wednesday’s game were 
the tent-like contraption that 
sprays a corf mist down on 
those inside —it drew a crowd 
of fnlly clothed people, laugh- 
ing as they were drenched — 
and a television set in a souve- 
nir stall before which people 
were packed 20 deep trying to 

catch a glimpse of the Xtaly- 
Btdgaria game. 

• The media center tent at 
the Rose Bowl, relatively empty 
for the first-round games and 
the second-round match be- 
tween Romania and Argentina, 
was elbow-todbow as an esti- 
mated 1,500 journalists, not 
counting TV and radio support 
personnel, jammed made. 

A World Cup spokeswoman 
said there were some 200 print 
journalists from BrazS alone — 
and about 50 from Sweden. 

• Wrapped in the Peruvian 
flag. Francisco Bermudez of 
lima paraded in fee hot sum- 
mer sun outride Giants Stadi- 
um before the Bulgaria-Italy 

What does Peru have to do 
wife this match, he was asked. 
Peru wasn't even in fee tourna- 

Because Peru’s neighbor is 
Brazil, Bennudez explained ear- 
nestly, and Brazil faced Sweden 

in the latter half of Wednes- 
day's semifinal doubleheader. 

But the Brazil contest was in 
Pasadena, California, he was 

“Oh,” he said, adding if not 
logically at least in the spirit of 
the day: “Well, 111 root for fee 
winner then.” 

• A Thai football fan hospi- 
talized with two broken arms 
got carried away when Italy 
saved against Spain in the 
quarterfinals, his doctor report- 
ed Thursday. 

The patient broke into ap- 
plause, and re-broke his arms. 

The man, who had been in- 
jured in a car accident, was 
about to be discharged when be 
was allowed to watch Italy beat 
Fpftin in fee quarterfinal match 
last Saturday, fee doctor told I 
the Bangkok Post. ! 

“The match was so exciting < 
and when Roberto Baggio 
sewed fee last goal fee man 
forgot himself and clapped his 

hands together very bard,” fee 

• Roberto Rivelino, the 
striker on fee Brazilian team 
that won the 1970 title, has been 
hired to Shimizu S-Pnlse for six 
months starting in August, the 
Japanese dub said. 

The 48-year-old Rivelino has 
signed a six-month contract 
wife fee dub who also have 

Ronaldo, a member of Bra- 
zil’s present team, plays for Shi- 
mizu. (NYT, APj Reuters) 



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Page 20 



Joys of Being Ernest 

By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — There is an 
old story that Ernest Hem- 
ingway once saw Zeida and 
Scott Fitzgerald cavorting in 
the fountain outside New 
York's Plaza Hotel and felt 

Being intensely competitive, 
Hemingway cried, “1 can do a 
fountain cavort twice as good as 
Scott’s and, what’s more, 1 can 
do it without even getting my 
knees wet” 

With which he leaped into 
the fountain and. started to do 
the classic cavort er’s veronica, 
which Manolcte had taught him 
in the fountains of Andalusia. 

Zeida, who never had any use 
for Hemingway anyway — or 
“Hemingway eningway,” as she 
once wrote in Bullfight Digest 
— tripped him in mid-cavort 
Hemingway came up soaked 
from toe to crown, including 
the famous gun arm which had 
terrified the entire animal pop- 
ulation of the SerengetL 

Stumbling out of the foun- 
tain, he started to dry hims elf 
on the suit of the first man he 
encountered, who happened to 
be Robert Benchley. Struggling 
out of Hemingway’s embrace, 
Benchley headed for the Plaza 
bar saying, “I’ve got to get out 
of this wet Ernest and into a dry 
martini. " 

This oft-told story is non- 
sense, of course. I tell it here 
only to show what a silly age we 
end-of-tho-cen tury Americans 
have put behind us. It is appall- 
ing to realize that our country 
was (nee so lighthearted that 
people told and retold stories 
like this, stories with no moral 
weight and, worse, stories about 
people who drank — pardon 
the word — dry martinis. 

nestness and our deceased poli- 
ticians are buried with earnest 
funerals. ^ 

In some versions of the diy- 
marrini story Robert Benchley 
is supposed to have said he had 
to “get out of these wet clothes” 
instead of “out of this wet Er- 
nest” and into his dry martini. 

Who cares? No true citizen of 
the earnest age. That’s why it is 
sad to find this Benchley non- 
sense surfacing in The New 
York Times, a very Everest of 
earnestness, which recently said 
the “wet-clothes” line may have 
been Alexander WooQcott's. 

How remarkable that so 
many people should once have 
known — and cared! — who 
Robert Benchley and Alexan- 
der Woolloott were. The expla- 
nation is that they were consid- 
ered funny and that funniness 
was thought to have a value 
transcending its power to en- 
large the consumer-goods mar- 
ket by alternating artificial 
laughter with television com- 

If Benchley and his asso- 
ciates lacked earnestness, they 
did not facie interest in money. 
After many years of writing 
funny for small pay, Robert 
Benchley tried making some 
short funny films in Holly- 
wood, proved to be good at it, 
and, having found where the 
money was, never came back to 


Among others in Hollywood 
about the same time were Scott 
Fitzgerald and William Faulk- 
ner. Both were famous drinkers. 
So were so many other writers 
of the time that medical trea- 

tises argued that prose compo- 
sition led inexorably to the bol- 

LuckQvwe have survived and 
xne safe! 


come safely to the present age 
of total earnestness, where we 
enjoy the governance of an ear- 
nest president and his earnest 
wife on whom earnest Republi- 
cans keep a piously earnest eye 
with the indispensably earnest 
aid of an earnest clergy, while 
our op p ress e d multitudes de- 
mand redress with tireless ear- 

Herein the age of earnestness 
that argument seems doubtful. 
Here in the age of earnestness, 
recoiling before the thought of a 
dry martini and lifting a white 
wine spritzer, we can be pretty 
sure that what leads to the bot- 
tle is not writing, but lack of 

New York Times Serrice 

Archibugi, a 

By Ken Shulman 

F LORENCE — In just three films, Francesca 
Archibugi has become the leading exponent — 
and most articulate practitioner — of the modest, 
Su bdued r ealism that 15 dominating much Of I talian 

With her stories of day-to-day travail peopled by 
characters who are both ordinary and r emarka ble, 
Archibugi gives voice to a generation of Italians that 
has reacted to disappointment and disillusionment 
by taking refuge in the uniqueness of the self. In 
“Mignon e Partita” (Mignon Has Left), 1 987; “Ver- 
so Sera” (Toward Evening), 1990, and “H Grande 
Cocomero” (The Cheat Pumpkin). 1992, Archibugi 
encapsulated the smothered angst of a generation 
forced to live in a minor key. She speaks, and wdl 
for a generation that never dreamed life could be so 
complicated or difficult. 

It is, then, surprising that the Rome-born thirty- 
something director (her age is a personal secret, an 
unexpected nod to vanity m a woman who exudes a 
palpably impenetrable air of diffidence and pride) 
has chosen to move out of a present that has been 
very good to her into a past that is, at least as a 
director, uncharted ground. Archibugi's current pro- 
ject, “Con GH Occhi Chius” (With Closed Eyes) is 
based on the novel of the same name by Federigo 
Tozzi, a relatively obscure Tuscan writer who was 
much admired by Pirandello and Moravia. Written 
in 1913 and published after World War l “Con Gii 
Occhi ChiusT is set in rural Tuscany and tells the 
story of a stunted, stillborn love affair between the 
son of a wealthy landowner and the granddaughter 
of one of the landowner’s tenant farmers. 

*Tve always wanted to make a film out of the Tozzi 
novel*' says Archibugi amid the costumed acton and 
farm animals that populate her tum-af-th&century 
rustic set at San Donato in Ferano, an abandoned 
estate in the heart of the Chianti region. Archibugi, so 
unobtrusive and modestly d r essed she could be 
mistaken for a modem-day fanner just bade from 
collecting eggs, lives with a companion and their two 
daughters m a farmhouse across the valley. 

“My mother gave me this book when I was still a 
teenager. Reading it was like getting struck with a 

Francesca Archibagt filming “Con Gli Occfti Quasi”: encapsulating Ae angst of a generation. 

bolt of lightning. It was astonishing that this man, 
who rarely 

ly left Tuscany and never stepped out of 
Italy, was in synchrony with the m^jor literary 
currents of his time. ‘Con Gli Occhi Chnisi’ was and 
is the novel of my destiny.” 

A graduate of Rome’s Centro Sperimentale di 
Gnematografia in 1980, Archibugi began her career 
with a series of short firms, and a documentary. She 
considered her feature film debut with “Con 

GH Occhi Chius,” but instead made “Mignon E 
Partita,” a story of sentiment and unrequited adoles- 
cent love that earned her six Donatello of David 
awards in Italy as well as first prize for best film at 
the San Sebastian film festival in 1987. 

“The thing that most impressed me about France- 
sca was her capacity for synthesis,” says Leo Pescar- 
oli, producer of “Con Gli Occhi ChiusT and of 
Archibugi’s three previous films. “No matter what 
the subject, she gets her point across clearly, intelli- 
gently, and succinctly. If an actor is unable to follow 

her suggestions, die allows him to proceed in his 
own way and tries to incorporate that into the scone: 
Her actors adore her.” 

“Con Gli Occhi Chmsf* is certainly Archibugi’s 
most ambitious prqject, and also the most expensive. 
The estimated cost of production win exceed $4 
million, more than twice the amount that was spent 
making “U Grande Cocomero.” Unlike her previous 
films, which were set firmly in the present day, “Con 
Gli Occhi ChiusT* is a period piece, requiring cos- 
ine, and r 

a pent 

tomes, a convincing 19m-century setting, and most 
of all a viable transposition from classic novel to 
con tem p o ra ry film. 

“In many ways, my other films were also period 
pieces.” explains Ardubugl squinting as she ob- 
serves a pair of turkeys who appear in the film along 
with a slew of geese, chickens, goats, sheep and pigs. 
“There were costumes, sets and lighting. “They, just 
didn't appear as costumes because they were con- 
temporary. It’s important that a director identify 
with her story and her characters. But it is no harder, 
and no easier, for me to identify with these charac- 
ters than it was for me to identify with the characters 
in my fast three films. You identify with them on & 
psychological plane, not on a temporal one.” 

While the characters and setting of “Con Gli Occhi 
ChiusT are lifted directly from the Tozzi noyel 

Aidnbusi hu tale^xQDadaaUe artistic-lscerise in 
her film ad^ptaiioii.“I have used the plot and the 
characters that I found in the book, but not Toezfs 
vision of Ins wbrid,” soys AidnfcUgl “Usually a 
director does' the opposite, changes the story line- in 
drier' to pre serv e the spirit of the original. I needed to . 
give a personal readmgto the story. I only know how 
to tell a story in one way.” - 7 

Archibugi secured the coflaboratioo of several of 
her p re fer red actors for: “Con-Gli Occhi Chaisi,”- 
induding Stefazua. SmidrelK, who starr ed in TMi- , 
gnrm ” m yl Alessia Fngaxtii, the 13-year-old revela- 
tion of “II Grander Cocomero.” Her collabo rat ors 
include CHnseppe Land, probably Italy’s finest di- 
rector of photography, and scenographer Davicfe 
Bassan. In late June, Martin Scors«c signedxm to 
the project as executive producer, _-.-v ■ . 

“1 didn’t have anyproblems wtaking on a sutgect 
that wasn't mine,” ex plains Archibugi. “I .ttscd the 
novel as a treatment com which I had fo.yvate a. 
scr ee nplay. And I have radi an profound 

transport with these characters that l ferf as- xfU’d - 
invented them myself. Ihave approached this 1 

an experiment, as a way to test a new oppbrt 
and to evolve beyond Whar Fve donc so fir.^ T 

Ken Shulman iatmAmedamymterba^M^iafy. 

Dwaa Arab Protests 

Fans — i 

iag.” True Lie? is full of fie 
lined a L« Angeles street' 
‘Arnold Schwarzenegger and 
other stats arrived for die pre- 
mine of Ms latest movie. “True 
-Lies,” which has been targeted 
by Middle Eastern activists who 
/4ami that Arabs are portrayed 
ne gativ ely hi the film. Nonethe* 

outride die theater, 
co-stars Jamie Lee Oarfis and 
Tom Arnold; James Woods and 
Sharon Stone. 


prince, denies and his ev 
tiangri wife, Prinoess Diana, 
appeared in public Thursday at 
tfremme event -—the Wedding of 
Lady Sarah Anratrr - v ' 

30, a niece of Qneen , 

to artist DaridChatto, 37 —far 
the firs t tone since tiw jprince 
confessed to adultery on British 
brieviaoa last month.- The two 
arrived separately. . . .A media 
ratings service has reported, 
meanwhile, that Charles's con- 
fession, watched by 13 .5 million 
riewcrlrwas topped by a soap 
opera, “Coronation Street," 
winch drew I6J> minion. 

‘ - a • . '• 

Busts of fanner French modd 
tubs de la Fkessange, who now 
rims ready-to-wear boutiques, 
will soon adorn town halls 
throughout France. Fressange, 
who was chosen to re pres e n t 
Marianne; the symbol of (p 
French Republic, was sculpted, 
by Australian artist Mark 




2 * 

The wife of fashion photogra* 
pher David Briley was mistaken- 
ly arrested in a London depart- 
ment store in connection with 
the kidnapping of a baby, Scot 
land Yard said. Catherine Bri- 
ley, 32, was carrying her 3-week- 
ola son when she was stopped by 
police, who have questioned 
damns of women with newborn 
brines since AMae Humphreys’ 
abduction July 1. -. 



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Forecast for Saturday through Monday, as provided by Accu-Weaiher. 


North America 

ShowMs aid ihundamonns 
will tie scattered along the 
East Coast from Washington 
lo Boston. It wll be a rather 
wet weekend. Detroit w« be 
*y Satunfey. but a diunder- 
storm may cross the city 
Sunday. Los Angeles and 
San Francisco will be dry 
throu^i Bm weekend. 


Unseasonably waim weather 
wdl continue across muh of 
Eastern Europe end into 
western pens of the tanner 
Soviet Union. London. Parts 
and Morbid wtl be manly dry 
wMi a good deal oi suwwia 
Saturday through Monday. 
Rome will be dry and hot 
through the weekend. 


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locally heavy rains across 
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Cebu , . , ihundststoons 3E®3 

Pain Baacti, Aus. douds and sun 17/B2 
Bey ot Mands. NZ riw wsra' , ■ -IMS 
Shrahema douds and sin 31/88 

Honolulu • . frauds and 801 - 30flS6 









■ 28/79 




1- 2 

2- 3 


SW 10-20 
SW 1M6 
SW 12-25 
S -12-22 
WSW 25-40 
NW 30-50 
SE 15-30 
E 20-35 

Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 

Imagine a world where you can call country to country as easily as you can from home. And 
reach the US. directly from over 125 countries. Converse with someone who doesn't speak your 
language, since it’s translated instantly. Call your clients at 3 ajn. knowing they’ll get the message in 
your voice at a more polite hour. All this is now possible with Ana 1 

To use these services, dial the ABET Access Number of the country you’re in and you’ll get all the 
help you need. With these Access Numbers and your AI5ET Calling Card, international calling has never been easier. 

If you don’t have an AIKT Calling Card or you’d like more information on ABET global services, just call us using the 

convenient Access Numbers on your right. 

iQSST Access Numbers. 

How to cafl aroundtbe world. : , / 

1. Using the dtanbekw, God thccourttry you are caffing from. 

2. Dia l ibe conraponding AH6T Access Number. • . . . ... . . .=-- 

1 An AI^Englisi>«peakingOpaziXDr(XTOicepDa^ will ask fbr thepbcnTe number >rni wish i»caBOT(Xinoeci you io a 

cusiomerservice representative. 

To receive yrair bte walfctcard of ABfflsAooessNumbcnL juste 
the country you^e in and ask for Customer Si 


ASIA Daly- 



I -800-881-011 Uecbaenateiu* 


China, PHC*** 

10611 lidreanto* 


■’ 018*72 Jjraembomg 

: c-oaxwmi 

Hong Kong 

800-1111 Macedonia, F.Y.R- of Q04niU»n 


000-117 Malta* 

■ Q800-89Q-110 


001-801-10 Monaco* 

- 19A-O011 


- 0039-IU- Netbedands* 

-- 06-022-^111 


009-U Norway 



11* PobndV** 



800*011 FbrtugsT T 


New Zealand 

000-911 .Hnmanfa 



105-11 RusaiarCMoscow) 


Sad pan* 

235-2872 Slovakia " 

, 00-420-00101 


. 8000111-111 Spifna-' ■ 

. 90O-??-O(Ml 

Sri Lanka 

, - 430430 Swedar . . . 



0060-10288-0 swtuedaaO’ 



001999M1I1 . tut ■ 


EUROPE Bkntoe 1 ' ' • 

•’ 8a100-U 


8A14111 . .. . . MIDDLE EAST . . 

Aostrfa— * 

0229«»011 BriOTtor - 



0800-100-10 CypffUS*^ ' 



00-18000010 fend 



995WWH Suwric. .. 

. - .800-288 

CtecfaRep . 

0042000101 LdMaoe(Bdiitt) 

. 426001 


8001-0010 Qtakr - ' 



9800100-10 Sw&Anti* - 

- 1-800-10 


. 19*-0011 Tarkcy* ...... ^ 

- 00000-12277 


0130-0010 ttAje.- - r*- 



00800-1311 v ^ AMBBICA.*; - - - 





999-001 Belize* . 

- 555 


* 0800-1112 


00* -03 12 


114 ’ 









Peoc . 

-;••• -191- 



Uruguay . 



'■ 80011-120 



. 1-800072-2881 





Cayman Hands 

- 1-800872-2881 

Grenada* - 




Jamaica^ -- -. .. 


MtQbAnm - 









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rrt«»TO»t4of OVVOUtc 4 pliwwi M&d dhefK iLuraph ibcall tom. 

MOBADbttf* MnjSMbiMMirilM 
™ ■wralh^&iAuiduiro^lnbwttqMdialawnMtai' 

^Sr^nia>i«f8rpiiEpu«arrateevebFiM-c*ci5rtailHF' , ~WPct 

"h9*r plvraititucr depu*/ o/ phivimdfer<M «*c. nU 0 W-v«Mil 1 1 



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