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INTERNATIONAL 


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STRIKING SIGHT — A comet 
fragment tatting Jupiter. Page S. 

Forces May Leave Bosnia, 

UN fommander Captions 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herregoyina 
(Reuters) - The United Nations 
force in Bosnia might have to with- 
in by the end oHhe smnnter and 

Ske way for » NATO^b« f««rf 
Serbs sav “no to the latest peace 

olam the UN commander, Ueuteaant 

General Michael Rose, aid Sunday. 

Earlier article. Page 4 

Rooks PaSeZ 

D j Page 7. 

Bridge . 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Paris, Monday, July IS, 1994 


No. 34,643 


U.S. Steps Up 
Threat to Use 
Force Against 
Haiti’s Rulers 

Top Aide Says Clinton . 
Would Talk to Congress 
Before Taking Action 

Compiled bp Our Staff From Dispatcher 

WASHINGTON — Leon E. Panetta, 
the White House chid of staff, said Sun- 
day that it was in the US. national interest 
to secure the removal of Haiti’s mflitaiy 
rulers and that force would be used to do 
so, if necessary. 

Mr. Panetta said that President Bin 
Qimon had the constitutional authority to 
fprder an invasion but that before any ded- 
-iaon to do so he would conduct “very dose 
Consultations with the Congress.” 

Speaking on an NBC pubKc affairs pro- 
gram, Mr. Panetta expressed growing 
White House impatience with the Haitian 
military leadership and its use of "brutal 
force.” 

“We’re going to exercise ah options 
here,” he said. “We’re pushing all options 
to see that that’s done. Our first goal is to 
try to push the sanctions, try to provide 
humanitarian relief, but we are' going to 
keep all options on the table,” 

Asked if he thought the American public 
would support an invasion, the chief of 
staff said, “It’s in our interests to make 
sure that these people leave office, and I 
think ultimately the American people sup- 
port the fact that we have to exercise that 
kind of authority, if it comes to that” 

At another point, Mr. Panetta said, 
“You’ve got a country that is in turmoil 
that’s a neighbor in our — that’s very dose 
to this country, and I don’t thfnfc we can 
simply sit back and allow that kind of 
turmoil to continue.” • 

“We’vegot — obviously, we’re impacted 
by the large number of refugees, escapees, 
who are hying to get away man that coun- 
try. We’re impacted by the fact that there 
is a brutal military dictatorship just a few 
miles from our shore. ] think our national 
interests are involved here.” ;• 

4 Mr. Panetja’ s was one ofthe most force- 
ful administration statements on Haiti, 
coming after weeks <>f overt U.S. military; 
preparations and public diplomacy intend- 
ed to build pressure on the Haitian rulers. 

According to administration officials, 
U.S. forces could invade Haiti within a 
week or launch an evacuation of Ameri- 
cans there within hours. 

But they said that Mr. Clinton was still 
some time — perhaps weeks or more — 
away from making a decision. 

Some presidential aides acknowledged 
the obvious: A successful military opera- 
tion could help quiet charges of indecision 
and confusion m adm ini st ra tion foreign 
policy. 

Others wondered whether the American 
public could be convinced (hat such action 
was in U.S. interests. 

“Every single day after invasion day 
until American farces left, we would have 

See HAITI, Page 4 


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The BrazQian defender Jorginho, right, who set up the first assault on the Italian goal, fighting for the ball with his Italian counterpart, Antonio Benarrivo. 

Brazil, Forced Into Shootout, Wins 4th Title 


By Ian Thomsen 

■ fmenwmonat Herald Tribune 

- -PASADENA California.—. Brazil hav- 
-itig: been stymied by .Italy’s defense 
through 90 minutes of regulation time and 
30 ofextra time, won the. 15th World Cup 
final Sunday in a penalty shootout 
The sefiout crowd at the Rose Bowl 
stadium voiced its disgust that these three- 
time champions — each trying to become 
the first to win a fourth title — could go 
even 90 minutes without a goaL It blunted 
much of the excitement that tins World 
Cup had generated. 

Much of the drama preceded the game 


as Italy s coach. Arrigo Saochi, announced 
that his team would include not only its 
hamslrune savior, Roberto Baggio, but 
also its fallen captain. Franco Barest, wha 
at 34 was reappearing after a quick recov- 
ery from knee surgery undergone follow- 
ing the second game last month. The Ital- 
ians were trying 10 become the first 
champion in 16 years to overcome a loss in 
the first round: They had also won two 
games shorthanded, very nearly had been 
knocked out twice, bad gone through 20 of 
their 22 players — and now they were 
standing before the as-yet unbeaten Brazil- 
ians and a world-audience of 2 billion and 


without the defensive services of .Alessan- 
dro Cos Lacuna and Mauro TassoUL with 
midfielder Roberto Donadoni hobbled by 
a strained bamsiringt'with the defense de- 
pending upoo the same Baresi who in bet- 
ter health had given up the goal in the 
opening loss to Ireland, and Baggio, who 
bad scored five of their last six goals before 
leaving the semifinal with injury on 
Wednesday. 

The news of his availability was an- 
nounced to the loudest of Itatian cheers 
shortly before the teams took the field. 

Penalty kicks already were beginning to 
look like a good Italian option as Bebeto’s 


header was extending goalkeeper Gianluca 
Paghuca horizontally in the 52d minute. It 
was becoming clear that if Baggio was 
going to score, someone else was going to 
have to make it happen because he 
couldn't do both. With the exception of 
fellow striker Daniele Massaro. his team- 
mates were becoming more and more 
aware of keeping Brazil out of the goaL 
And not a bad plan — considering that in 
three earlier matches Sweden and the 
United States had absorbed much worse 
punishment while allowing one goal each 
time to Brazil. The South Americans had 
See CUP, Page 17 


Amid Setbacks, Slow Change in Israeli Attitudes 


By David Hoffman 

Washington Post Sernre 

BET SHEMESH, Israel — Son Saidov 
spread a newspaper in front of him at the 
Sampson trade stop, a busy spot in the 
heart of Israel where brisk talk of politics 
mingles with the smell of fried chicken and 
strong coffee. 

Mr. Saidov surveyed the headlines: 
“Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and 
Yasser Arafat meet in Paris." “Arafat will 
return to the Gaza Strip and Jericho." 
“The Palestinian self-rule government is 
sworn in.” 

Only two years ago, such headlines 
would have been unimaginable in Israel 


But Mr. Saidov, 33. a Jewish farmer with 
thick black hair, a skullcap and sandals, 
took it all in stride. “If it's genuine, if the 
intentions are genuine, it's a good thing." 
he said. “I have some anxiety that it is not 
so genuine. But I hope it is. because it will 
be good for everyone.” 

His comments point to a fundamental 
change just beginning in Israel: Even as 
the Rabin government has taken landmark 
steps toward peace with the Palestinians, 
the deep-seated attitudes of Israeli Jews 
toward the Arabs around them are begin- 
ning to shift as well. 

' As Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and 
West Bank town of Jericho begin self-rule. 


Israelis are discarding old taboos and 
showing a willingness to accept further 
compromises, polls and interviews with 
dozens of politicians and ordinary people 
around the country suggesL 

Although woni«J about potential vio- 
lence, Israeli Jews are giving up on the idea 
that they can occupy another people’s 
lands without painful costs to themselves, 
and are inching toward accepting the inev- 
itability of a Palestinian state. 

The latest evidence that these changes 
are being reflected among Israeli Jews 
came during Mr. Arafat's return to the 
Gaza Strip and Jericho. For nearly 30 
years. Israelis were told the Palestine Lib- 


eration Organization was a danger to the 
very existence of Israel. 

What was revealing about Mr. Arafat's 
visit was the lack of reaction among the 
same Israelis. They did not say “no." They 
paid more attention to the World Cup on 
television and. except for some rightist 
demonstrations in Jerusalem, they yawned 
through Mr. Arafat's tour. 

Shiomo Avineri. a Hebrew University 
professor who once served as director gen- 
eral of the Foreign Ministry, noted that 
Mr. Arafat was having trouble putting 
together a city counci] in Gaza. “The mea- 

See ISRAEL, Page 4 


Revelations on Mao’s Famine: A Great Leap Into Death 


By Daniel Southerland 

Washington Pass Service ■ 

BEIJING — The time was more than three decades 
ago; the place; east-central China. A ferocious hunger 
had settled across mudi of the land, and one high official 
issued this ruling: Children abandoned in roads and 
fields by their starving parents must be left to die. 

People were so desperate in one commune during the 
monstrous famine, which was caused by Mao’s Great 
Leap Forward of 1958 to 1960, that on 63 occasions they 
ate others who had died, or they resorted to killing, 
carving up and eating their own children. 

“InDanriao commune, Chen Zhangymg and her hus- 
band, Zhao Xizhen, killed and boiled their 8-year-old 
son, Xiao Qing, and ate him.” said a report that has 
recently become available in (he West. “In Wudian 


commune, Wang Lanying not only picked up dead 
people to eat, but also sold two jin (22 pounds) from 
their bodies as pork.” 

The report, detailing how the famine affected a sec- 
tion of Anhui Province, was prepared in 1989 by the 
official Chinese Academy of Social Sciences for internal 
use by top Chinese officials. It is just one example of 
material that has recently emerged about the staggering 
human toll exacted by Mao's belief in “permanent 
revolution." 

This and other new evidence shows that the number of 
people who died in more than a dozen repressive, often 
violent political campaigns between 1950 and 1976 — 
especially the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural 
Revolution of 1966 to 1976 — is millions higher than 
previously thought. 


According to some high estimates, Mao’s repression, 
radicalism and neglect may have been responsible for up 
to 80 million deaths. 

The material also shows that areas of China previous- 
ly believed to have escaped the chaos of these campaigns 
were not immune from the tumult masterminded by 
Mao, who died in 1976 but is still revered or at least 
admired by many Chinese. 

"I don't think we’ve yet come to grips with the horrors 
perpetrated by Mao," said Roderick MacFarquhm, pro- 
fessor of government at Harvard University. S ta li n , who 
ruled from 1922 to 1953, “is seen as someone who didn’t 
deserve to be where be was. Mao is still seen as a heroic 
figure.” Evidence that Mao caused tens of millions of 

See CHINA, Page 4 


Many Hurt in Shooting 
Beticeen Soldiers and 
Palestinian Policemen 

By Clyde Haberman 

Vnr York Timet Service 

GAZA — Israeli troops and members of 
the new Palestinian police force fired ai 
each other cm Sunday for the first time, as 
rioting by Gaza residents led to daylong 
battles, during which two Palestinian were 
killed and more than 100 people were 
wounded. 

The intense fighting in the northern part 
of the Gaza Strip, the bloodiest since the 
start of Pales tint an self-rule two months 
ago, was like some of the worst days of the 
Palestinian uprising, which was supposed 
to be consigned to history in Gaza after the 
withdrawal of Israeli soldiers from towns 
and refugee camps. 

But the Israeli Army remains at Gaza’s 
border crossings and around Jewish settle- 
ments in the coastal strip. 

As the violence on Sunday proved, 
clashes are not only still possible but they 
are also made potentially more complicat- 
ed than ever by the proximity of two armed 
forces that are mutually suspicious, even 
though they have generally worked well 
together thus far. 

Each side blamed the other for the vio- 
lence, saying it was the first to strike and 
was responsible for underlying tensions 
that led to the explosion. On both sides, 
there was some confusion about exactly 
who had fired at whom and when. 

According to Palestinian officials and 
hospital workers, 2 Palestinians were killed 
by Israeli gunfire and 98 were wounded, 
including 5 police officers. 

Twenty officers were reportedly injured 
by stones or by tear gas. Israel said that 
some of the wounded Gaza residents had 
been struck by bullets fired by the Pales- 
tinian police, but the Palestinian authori- 
ties denied this. 

The Israeli Army said that 17 of its 
soldiers and border policemen had been 
wounded, most of them by stones. But they 
included three men who were hit by bullets 
apparently fired by the Palestinian police. 

In addition. Palestinian rioters de- 
stroyed a gasoline station and set fire to 
scores of buses — 150 by one official's 
count — at a nearby Israeli depot in north- 
ern Gaza. Billows of black smoke filled the 
sky, visible from miles away and creating 
darkness at noon. 

As word of Gaza's troubles spread to the 
West Bank, clashes erupted in Ramallg h, 
north of Jerusalem, and in Hebron, the 
flashpoint city where a Jewish settler went 
on a rampage at a mosque last February, 
killing 29 Muslims at prayer. 

There were no reports of significant 
numbers of injuries in either place. 

Neither Palestinian nor Israeli officials 
disputed a central point in the rioting, 
which was that its roots lay in long delays 
routinely faced by thousands of Gaza 
workers each day as the/ cross the border 
before dawn to reach jobs in Israel. 

With unemployment running at about 
60 percent in the impoverished strip, pres- 
sures to get to work build up and some- 
times spiU over into violence. 

They did so on a much smaller scale six 
days earlier at the same Erez checkpoint on 
the northern edge of Gaza, prompting the 
Israelis to shut the border for a day. 

After the rioting on Sunday, involving 
several thousand people, the army an- 
nounced that the checkpoint would be 
closed indefinitely — for certain until new 
crossing procedures have been worked out. 

Yasser Arafat, newly installed as head of 
the provisional government directing Pal- 
estinian self-rule in Gaza and in the West 
Bank town of Jericho, was said by a senior 
Palestinian official to have asked that for- 
eign observers be sent to help restore calm. 

Despite finger-pointing and anger, both 
the Israeli government and the Palestinian 
leadership seemed intent on trying to keep 
the violence from undermining their ef- 
forts to consolidate their self-rale agree- 
ment and to build on it. 

Neither Mr. Arafat, who visited the 
wounded at Shifa Hospital in Gaza City, 
nor Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Isra- 
el spoke publicly about the events, leaving 
harsh language to others. 

In addition, talks on expanding Pales- 
tinian self-rule throughout the West Bank 

See GAZA Page 4 


Soviet Double Agent Seeks a Career in Country of His Conversion 


By Ralph Blumenthal 

fizw York Tana Sand 

SAN FRANCISCO — “1 stfll remem- 
ber, I remember (his town,” Boris Yuz- 
hin murmured, locking for landmarks as 
he piloted his Dodge van up the steep 
curves of die Diamond Heights section 
here. Recognizing a small shopping cen- 
ter, he veered off. parked the van outside 
a pizzeria and circled on foot through 
Christopher Park to a seduded pathway 
among cedars and pines. There, on his 
knees, he pried at the planks of a wooden 
staircase, searching for holes. 

In the late 1970s and early '80s, Mr. 
Yuzhin and other officers of the KGB, 
the Soviet intelligence agency, scouted 
this “drop” and others like it in the Bay 


Area as places to bide microfilm for 
pickup by other Soviet spies. Thai, as a 
double agent, he disclosed those loca- 
tions, and much other information, to 
the FBI. 

He was betrayed in turn by a mole 
inside the Central Intelligence Agency, 
in all likelihood the admitted Soviet spy 
Aldrich Hazen Ames. (Mr. Yuzhin says 
that as a result of Mr. Ames’s debriefings 
by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, 
he has learned that Mr. Ames was, in 
fact, the one who betrayed him, a finding 
that the FBI will not publicly confirm.) 

Arrested in Moscow in late 1986, he 
somehow escaped the usual death sen- 
tence for treason, but suffered a harsh 
gulag imprisonment of five years before 


w inning an amnesty, along with the last 
group of Soviet political prisoners, from 
the Russian president, Boris N. Yeltsin. 
Now, Mr. Yuzhin, at 52, is back and 
struggling to carve out a new career as a 
writer and archivist, the very covers the 
KGB once assigned him. 

Mr. Yuzhin, a former KGB lieutenant 
colonel who now lives in the Marin 
County town of Novato with his wife 
and 20-year-old daughter, acknowledges 
that he would not spurn a good offer for 
his story, although he says his main inter- 
est is in setting the record straight. He 
says, for example, that he does not be- 
lieve he betrayed his country in working 
to overturn a system that he came to view 
as brutal and corrupt. 


Among all the yarns spun by former 
spies, Mr. Yuzhin’s account which is 
confirmed by his former handlers and 
contacts at die FBI, stands out in several 
ways. 

He is one of (be rare double agents 
uncovered by the Soviet Union who 
nonetheless survived. Moreover, the FBI 
confirms, Mr. Yuzhin was an extremely 
valuable catch, turning over top-secret 
Soviet cable traffic and helping to tip the 
authorities to at least one major Soviet 
spy. 

“We looked at him as a superstar," 
said James Fox, retired head of the bu- 
reau’s New York office, who “ran** Mr. 
Yuzhin in San Francisco in the late 
1970s. 


Mr. Yuzhin first came to the United 
States in July 1975. as a KGB captain. 
He had a postgraduate degree in history, 
and he was planted among a group of 
visiting Soviet academicians and given 
the job of cultivating opinion-makers 
and rising stars at the research institutes 
around the University of California at 
Berkeley. 

instead. Mr. Yuzhin says, America 
bowled him over. 

“Within a week here, I felt I could 
breathe openly " he said. 

Suspecting his KGB role but unaware 
of his growing receptivity to American 
life, the FBI had meanwhile embarked 

See SPY, Page 4 






INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 



Giulio Di Donato, former deputy secretary of the Socialist Party, getting into a police car after he left a Naples prison. 
Mr. Di Donato, who was arrested on corruption charges, will now be subject only to bouse arrest under a new decree. 


Italy’s ‘Great Seducer 5 Gets Slap in Face 


By Alan Cowell 

Atav York Tima Service 

ROME — Ever since he 
joined the political fray a brief 
half-year ago, friends and ene- 
mies have agreed on one thing 
about Sflvio Berlusconi: With 


called “the only surge of moral- 
ity, of cleanliness that this 
country has seen in the last 20 
years.” 

The response to the decree 
was a huge outpouring of public 


his sound-bite sincerity and his 
feel-good messages tailored to 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


what people most wanted to 
hear, he was the Great Seducer, 
the Vendor of Dreams. 

Indeed, just a week ago, when 
as Italy’s new prime minister he 
hosted President Bill Clinton 
and others at a glittery summit 
meeting in Naples, he was a 
tycoon- tumed-poli tkaan, svelte 
and smiling , a winner among 
the winners. 

This weekend everything had 
changed. 

Mr. Berlusconi was suddenly 
on the defensive after his gov- 
ernment issued a decree on ju- 
dicial procedures widely seen as 
a brutal attempt to curb the 
powers of the corruption inves- 
tigators, who had come to rep- 
resent what one commentator 


rage that split his coalition and 
provoked a test of wills between 
the prime minis ter and the in- 
vestigating magis trates whose 
graft inquiries disgraced Italy’s 


postwar political elite and con- 
jured the very clamor for 
change that brought Mr. Ber- 
lusconi to power. 

The dreams had melted 
away. The Great Seducer 
seemed, for once, to have been 
rejected — indeed, to have 
turned crotchety in response. 

What the episode seemed 
most to show is that Italy’s 
wounds from the corruption 
scandal have not yet healed, 
that suspicion of the rulers lies 
just below the surface of renew- 
al and that Mr. Berlusconi ei- 


ther ignored or misread those 
signals. 

For an outsider, the debate 
over the decree is full of contra- 
dictions. 

First of all, in a West Europe- 
an democracy, it was a decree, 
not a law debated by a newly 
elected Parliament that had 
promised a democratic revival. 
But it was a decree ostensibly 
designed to curb a practice that 
makes most democracies un- 
comfortable, jailing people 
without trial. 

At the same time, it con- 
tained a host of measures con- 
cerning the conduct of judicial 
inquiries, that, depending on 
who interprets them, either pro- 
tect civil liberties or stifle the 
press and help the guilty, in- 
cluding the Mafia. 

As he swung onto the offen- 
sive against most of the press, a 
lot of public opinion and both 
his coalition partners this week- 
end, Mr. Berlusconi’s argument 
centered on a single point: Civil 
liberties bad beat ignored for 


ing convicted,” he declared. 
But for many Italians, tl 


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litical renewal in Italy’s “Sec- 
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Now, opposition newspapers 
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Q&As Italy Decree 
A ‘Grave’ Setback 


Investigation Crippled, Judge Fears 


Prime Minister Silvio Ber- 
lusconi of Italy triggered a . 
political uproar last week 
when his. government ap- 
proved a decree that stripped 
investigating magistrates of 
thar ability to hold those per- 
sons arrested as bribery and 
corruption suspects, freeing 
many of diem from prison. 
Antonio Di Pietro, Gherardo 
Colombo and other top MUan 
magistrates who have led the 
30-month anti-corruption 
probe said they would quit in 
protest. Mr. Colombo tbs-, 
cussed die controversy with 
Alan Friedman of the Inter - 
national Herald Tribune. 


the scandal in February 
1992, and how much has 
-been documented in bribes 
that wean paid? 

A. About 4,000 people 
have been arrested in all of 
Italy, of which only about 
400 by our team in Milan. 
As for bribes, you can court 
the total in billions of dol- 
lars’ worth. 


too long in Italy and now would 
be restored. “No citizen should 
be imprisoned without first be- 


But for many Italians, that 
was not what the debate was all 
about. The question was not ju- 
ridical but one of moods and 
images. The politicians and 
businessmen jailed in the inqui- 
ries bad already been judged, by 
common consent, to be the au- 
thors of the nation’s woes. That 
was why no one complained to 
see them jailed, with or without 
trial. 

And now Mr. Berisuconi, 
hrmsrif a businessman with po- 
litical friends, was letting them 
aQ out again. The response, 
Italian commentators suggest, 
has taught one lesson: You can- 
not run a country like a board- 
room. 

Other Italian analysts drew a 
more troubling conclosion: 
Much as he relies on private 
opinion surveys to gauge the 
mood of the nation, Mr. Berlus- 
coni seemed to underestimate, 
or discount, the very indigna- 
tion underpinning the corrup- 
tion inquiries that have impli- 
cated thousands of politicians 
and businessmen in systematic 
graft 

What the inquiries showed 
was not so much that Italians 
were surprised to find that their 
politicians were exploiting their 
exalted positions. Rather, the 
affront came from die sheer 
scale of the corruption and the 
sense that die elite had set itself 
above and apart even from Ita- 
ly’s flexible norms. 

The inquiries, thus, and the 
punishment of the elite “had a 
profound significance for ordi- 
nary people: It showed that jus- 
tice was beginning to be equal 
for all, that the ministers and 
industrialists went to prison, 
too,” said Giorgio Bocca. a 
commentator in Milan. 

The decree, by contrast, “re- 
imposes the privileged nomenk- 
latura,” Mr. Bocca said. Crimi- 
nals go to jail, but “the 
businessmen and politicians 
who co rrup t public administra- 
tion and steal public money do 
not” 

If there was one sentiment 
that permeated the protest tele- 
grams and faxes that poured 


Q. Preventive custody has 
been a key tool that has 
helped your team to tackle 
the Tan gent op oli bribery 
scandal m Italy. In your 
view, what are the main 
problems with the new de- 
cree? 

A The fundamental prob- 
lems are two. The first con- 
cerns equity in the adminis- 
tration of justice. Under the 
decree, preventive custody is 
now allowed for misdeeds 
much less serious tha n those 
such as bribery and corrup- 
tion- Secondly, the loss of 
this instrument means that 
we face the danger of sus- 
pects being free now to 
tamper with evidence. 

Q. You and your col- 
leagues have condemned the 
donee as a judicial setback 
of enormous proportions. In 
your view, was it politically 
inspired? 

A. I don’t know and I 
can’t, as a magistrate, say. 
But I can tdl you, speaking 
for myself and my col- 
leagues in the anti-corrup- 
tion pod, that this decree 
creates a serious disparity in 
the treatment of suspects. 

Q. Are you saying you be- 
lieve tins decree tinea tens 
the independence of the ju- 
diciary? 

A. It is not just the inde- 
pendence of the judiciary, 
but the right of the judiciary 
to be impartial toward all 
citizens, and to do our work 
without anyone reshuffling 
the cards, or throwing im- 
pediments in our way. 


com decree mean farthe fu- 
ture of your investigation? 

A. If things g^ oauke this, 
then I think it will be very 
difficult to get to the bottom 
of this scandal, and it wSB be 
very hand to avoid seeing 
further t amp e rin g with evi- 
dence and farther c r iminal - 
acts by suspects. 


udice cases that axe already 
underway? 

A The problem arises in 
all cases where we are still 
seeking proof. For example, 
we have m some cases found 
out who did the bribing, but 
not who took the bribes, or 
the details of why they were 
paid. 

Q. In the few days since 
the decree was issued, how 
many people have you had 
to release from prison in Mi- 
lan? . 

A. More than 60 people, 
including former policemen 
suspected of being . paid' 
bribes. 

Q. What is it exactly that 
you and your team of inves- 
tigators are seeking in order 
to continue your work?. 

A None of us is irreplace- 
able, and if necessary we can 
each go on and do other 
things. But I think h is essen- 
tial that any civilized coun- 
try has laws that are equal, 
for all, and that the judiciary 
be allowed to cany out its 
duties. 


Q. How much does this 
decree threaten your work? 

A. Gravely. One only 
needs to think how we suc- 
ceeded in getting proof, how 
we avoided the destruction 
of evidence, and even when 
there were policemen of the 
Guardia di Finanza who 
were being paid by targets of 
our investigation to cover 
things up. Some of the sus- 
pects were bribing our own 
men. 

Q. How many politicians 
and businessmen have been 
arrested since you opened 


Q. What is your response 
to those who argue that Italy 
should have a habeas corpus 
law, and that yoar team has 
abused the instrument of 
preventive detention? 

A. I am always surprised 
when people say we have 
committed errors, or illegal- 
ities, because to my knowl- 
edge we have not. Using the 
arrest warrant, using preven- 
tive custody is a pamhil : 
also for those who apptyliL 
But in some cases one can’t 
do without it because it' 
works. And it ensures that 
proof is not tampered with. 

Q. Some politicians have 
claimed that you and other 
judges are leftists and politi- 
cally biased. How do you 
react to tins accusation? 

A. I have been depicted as 
being tied to six hundred 
thousand different political 
parties. It’s all fantasy. Why, 
a couple of us were even 
asked to join this .govern-., 
ment, at ministerial leveL 


Berlusconi Calls for Official 


To Withdraw Claim or Resign 


ROME — Prime Minister 
Sflvio Berlusconi called on Inte- 
rior Minister Roberto Maroni 
on Sunday to either withdraw 
his allegation that he was 
tricked into signing a decree 
curbing magistrates' powers of 
arrest, or resign. 


but said that it was upto league 
officials to decide whether he- 
stayed in office. .. 


Mr. Berlusconi, who is force- 
fully backing the decree that 
lifts the threat of pretrial jail 
from corruption suspects, said 


the complaint by Mr. Maroni, a 
member of the federalist North- 
ern League, was false and in- 
sulting. 


On Saturday, Mr. Maroni of- 
fered to resign over the decree 


ask the butler... ^ 


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‘identifiable’’ imd ™stf«d back to ,u 
source in the Russian nndear;wrapoiis mdoatty- 


Kidnapped Envqyls' Saf e’ in Algeria 

MUSCATX)man (AFP) — Tbe Omam ambassador to Algeria, 
Wbo had apparently been hdd hosta^for more tban dSboois, 
was “safe andwefl,” the official OmanNews said Sunday, 

quoting Algerian security forces. But in lts repoat from Algers n 
did-aot sjcnfy whether the envoy, Hfflal ben Salem Siyabt, had 

been released or was still being held. ; • 

Officials in Algiers and Sana’a, Yanen, said that Mr. Siyabi and 
Yemen’s ambassador to Algeria, Askar Ah Hussain, were fad- 

lumpgri Friday in an IslamtonmdamCTtaliscslipnaioKi cast of the 
Sn capital. Arab automatic sources said Mr. Hussain, a 
southernerjoad been seized with a member of the Yemen Soaahst 
Party’s politburo, Mohammed Kacem Essour. and the Omam 
ambassador’s Moroccan driver. The OmanNews Agency gave no 
information about the other three missing men. 


U.S. Defense Chief on Romania Visit 


BUCHAREST (Reuters) — ■ The UA defense secretary, Wit 
Ham J Perry, arrived in Romania on Sunday for talks issues 
nutgmg from the civil war m former Yugoslavia to joint mflitaiy 
maneuvers. ■ _ ■ . ‘ 


Mr. Perry, beginning a mne-natian European tour, will hold 
talks hereon Mondaywath President IonDicscu, ForaguMmater 
Teodor Viorel Melescann and Defense Minister Gheorghe Tinea. 
Mr. Perry saidthat during his European tour he would press tq| 

milit ary ties witfc such funner Com m u ni st states as Roma- 

Albania, and Bulgaria, and would discuss joint maneuvers, 
>nr<-hn-ngp < nf mili tary officers and other b il a t e ral issues. 


Mexicali Volcano Alarms Scientists 


LOS ANGELES (LAI) — A plume of steam, and gases cap. 


frequently be seen rising above Popocatepetl volcano near Mexi- 
co City tins summer; providing a visible focus for scientists’ 
rrvruvm that the vofcaap’s first eruption in 50 years may be near. 

Arizona State Umvenily geologists, flying over the crater this 
month at the invitation of Mexican vdcmologists, measured 
sulfur di oxide emissions at 3,000 metric tons. (about 6J6 mil lion 
pounds) a. day, double the rate earlier this year. 

Move' than 20 minion people Jive within 100 kilometers of the 


Ukrainian UjAoldsNudear Hedge 

MOSCOW (AFP) — The newly elected president of Ukraine, 
Leonid S. Kuchma, pledged Sunday that Ins country would 
reject its promise to get rid of andear weapons on its territory, 
but he sakfit would need beto to do so. 

“The sooner nuclear missies are out of Ukraine, the better, 
bedtuse the agreements signed in Moscow must be fulfilled,”. Mr. - 
Kuchma said in an. interview with the independent weekly Rus- 
sian television news program ltogL 


■ Hewasrefeningtoahaca^sigriedby Pri^doitsBfliaintQn 
and Boris' N. Yeltsin and the; previous Ukrainian president, 
Leonid. M. Kjaydruk,m Moscow last January in which Kiev 
vOwaftbgo along with a^rqfecttb removethe nuclear missiles 
andwarficadf kff in Uktameby the disintegrated Soviet Union. 


Accused French Official Resigns t 

PARIS (AFP) — Alain Carignon 


inmeiatotof poEticaf and .business scandals m. France. 

In a statement from , Grenoble; Mr. Carignqn said -that by 
withdrawing from the govexjuneni, he hoped to be able to express 
himself freely in a court case involving a Grenoble ipress company .' 
- A joint statement from the offices of President Fran 9 ois Mitter- 
rand andfrime Minister Edouard BaTlarhir said that Mr. Carig- 
non’s responsibilities would be taken over by Nicolas Sarkozy, 
budget minister and government spokesman. 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


Continental Slashing Midweek Fares 


HOUSTON (Bloomberg) — Continental Airlines said Sunday 
it would cut midweek hires by as much as 50 percen t for the rest of 
the aiming qq domestic flights and . on Latin American and 
Carribean routes. 


The airline said starting Friday it would cut its low-price 
“Peanuts Faxes” by half and its MaxSaver rates by 25 percent The 
MaxSaver fares have more restrictions than Peanuts Fares. The 
cuts will apply to flights through Sept 29. Thencwrfares apply to 
coach seats onmostfEghts on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thurs- 


Wodnesdays and ' 


Umberto Boss, leader of tbe, 
league, said he had asked the 
government to scrap the mea- 
sure and dxaw up a draft law 
that addresses the issue of pre- 
ventive custody. 

Mr. Berlusconi said, “I am 
waiting for a letter from Maroni 
in which he withdraws what he 
has said or resigns as interior 
minister.” 


Itafhm a&r traffic emtroien will hold a one-day strike Friday, 
affecting both national andmteinatioaal flights- It will take place 
from ? AAL to 3 PM^ local time. . ... (Reuters) 


Mr. Bossi said on Sunday., 
that Mr. Maroni must neither 
Tesign nor apologize. 

“You cannot, solve these 
thing s in five minutes,” he said. 


Ba h lang and government .offices will be dosed or. services 
cm tailed in the f oUowiHg- countries and their dependencies this 
week because of nati onal and rriiginax h nBH»y c- 

MONDAY: Botswana. Lesotho, Puerto Rico, Uragnay. 

'lUUSDAY : Botswana, Banna. Malayan , Mit-arng iin 

. . WJfcXlNESDAY: Catarina. 

THURSDAY; -Belgium, Btratau. ~ 

• . FRIDAY: Afkhmistaa. Burma. Sri fjmtra 
SATURDAY : Egypt, Libya, Syria. ’ 

‘Sl<?«rces; J r J , , Morgan, Reuters. 


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Rnasia^u declared portioD» of the southern rqmblic qf Dage- 
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cases of infectious diseases such ps cholera , typ hrwd imfi drohtiie - 
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Imprime par Offprint. 73 rue de TEvaogile, TSOIS Pais. 

< 



S*l*s3f' * vw 








INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 


Page 3 


'ERICAS/ 



A- POLITICAL NOTES* 


Dear 0 J.’: A Flood of Emotional Letters Inundate Jail 


J Zx. 2* ^“S °* National Governors’ Asso- 

oatioa have called on Congress to pass health care lemslation 
this yzar even if the bill is Jess sweeping than President B23 - 
Ointon’s proposal _ ^ f 

governors, at a news conference, said they shared Mr. 
SS l 2£?5®; ensure health care for all Americans, but 
they acknowledged dial they had readied no consensus on 
how to pay for iL The governors do loot agree on whether 
employers should be required lo pay any portion of die health 
msurance premiums far their employees: Mr. Clinton says 
employers should pay 80 percmL ■ 

The governors' views could influence the strategies of : 
amgrasional Republicans and of die White House as the 
critical weeks on health care legislation approach. 

TTie governors’ call for a pragmatic approach comes as 
some Democrats m Congress and the white House are 
oonadering an aU-or-nothing strategy. Under that plan, Mr: 
Clinton and his allies would wage a strong battle for abiUto 
guarantee mrivasal coverage, rdying almost exclusively©!? 
Democranc votes, and they would accept failure rather than 
compromise on fundamental principles. 

Governor Carroll A. Campbell Jr. of South Carolina, a 
Republican who is chairman of the National Go ve rnors’ 
Association, said members of Congress ought to pass a health *■ 
care bill this year ‘^vhetber they can reach* total answer or 
not” - 

Governor Howard Dean of Vermont, a Democrat who is " 
vice chairma n erf -the association, said he s up p orte d Mr. 
Clinton’s plan but agreed with Mr. Campbell to some extent. 

“It’s absolutely essential to pass a fam t h j fc year, or you’re 
going to retard progress among all the states,” said Governor 
Dean, a doctor specializing in internal medicine. “You’ve got 
to have a federal platform from which to lmrneh these efforts 
in the future. It would be a tragedy for the American people if 
Congress doesn’t pass a health care bin this year.” (NYT) 


North Is Raising Cash at a Record Paco 


WASHINGTON — Oliver L. North erf Virginia h*s raised 
about $8.4 mflhon for his Republican cam p ai g n for the 
Senate, setting a standard that could make his race the most - 
expensive in UJS. history. 

According to federal finance reports submitted by Virgin- 
ia’s four Senate contenders, Mr. North has raised about three 
times as much money as his three rivals combined. That could 
enable him to bombard voters with his me^g* and hire top 
consultants to direct his campaign. 

By contrast, the Democratic candidate. Senator Charles S. 
Robb, has raised about $23 miTH nn, about 30 percent of Mr. 
North’s total And two independent candidates, J. Marshall 
Coleman and L, Douglas Wader, have raised about $200,000 
together. Both independents couldhave trouble buying signif- 
icant amounts of TV advertising, a critical aspect of the faD 
campaign. ■ 

Analysts and associates of Mr. North predict that he will 
surpass the Senate fund-raising record of $17.8 million, which 
Jesse Helms, a North Carolina Republican, set in 1990. They 
say that Mr. North’s performance is particularly striking 
because he is trying to unseal an incumbent Incumbents 
almost always raise more money than challenges, in large 
part because in t er es t groups who lobby government tend to 
support those already in office. . . (WP) 


Second Chonco for an Ex-Congressman 


• NEW YORK — President Bfll Clinton has appointed 
Stephen J. Solaxz, a former Congressman from Brooklyn, 
New York, to head the new Central Asianr American Enter- 
prise Fund, designed to promote investments in the former 
Soviet republics of Kazakhstan,; Kyrgyzstan. Uzbekistan, 
Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. 

- for. Solarz, who lost his seat t^o years ago, had been in line 
to be ambassador to India hut withdrew as a candidate at 
urging of die White House after questions arose about bis 
dealings with a Hong Kang businessman reputed to have ties , 
to organized crime. A federal investigation found no criminal 
wrongdoing, but the a dministra tion decided not to proceed 

with the nomination. 

The White House said in a statement that the United States 
planned to provide $150 nuUkm in capital for the fund over 
the next three to four years. The fund win make investments 
and loans and offer technical assistance to private companies 
and entreprene u rs. frtWJ 


Quote/ Unquote 


President BHl Clinton on health care: “The politicians have 1 
it The wealthy haveit The poor have it If you go to jail you 
can get it Only the middle class can lose it” (EAT) 


By Ricbaid Lee Colvin 

Los Angeles Times Scnur 

LOS ANGELES — The emotions, 
spilled single-space across five pages 
of ruled yellow paper, are heartfelt, 
almost raw. The earnestness borders 
on -the desperate. 

Dae of toe tens of thousands of 
letters sent .to OS. Simpson at Los 
' Angles County jaO begins: Never 
•have I felt so much empathy for 
anyone in my iife. I pray God wiB let 
this letter reach you.” 

Typical of the personal even inti- 
mate, time of many of the letters, the 
48-year-old Vermont woman refers 


to her 13 years as a battered wife and 
describes the happiness she found 
with her fourth husband, her child- 
hood sweetheart. She tells the former 
football player and movie actor 
about her four children. 

Finally, she invites Mr. Simpson to 
visit when he is out of jail and to 
bring his children. 

Although Mr. Simpson has not yet 
seen that letter, his attorneys have 
been delivering a small fraction of his 
mail each day to his ceQ, where he is 
awaiting mail in the murders of bis 
former wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, 


and her friend Ronald Goldman. 

Since the murders over a month 
ago, the Simpson case has been a 
collective experience for the Ameri- 
can people, with millions of people 
setting caught up in the drama. The 
letters reveal the emotional depth 
those events have plumbed in the 
psyches of people ranging from a 
convict to a Florida prison who ad- 
dresses Simpson as “brother" to a 
New York nun who sent the wealthy 
former athlete a S10 check to help 
cover legal bills. 

Some, mostly from men. urge Mr. 
Simpson to confess. The vast major- 


ity of the letters are from women. 
Some proselytize. Most reveal pro- 
found feelings of loneliness, sadness, 
religious zeal and love. 

With the permission of Mr. Simp- 
son’s defense lawyer, the Los Angeles 
Times was allowed to read several 
hundred letters at random from a 
small mountain of mail that included 
25 cardboard boxes and cine large 
garbage b ags — only a part of all that 
has come in. The mad included nu- 
merous Bibles, inspirational books, 
videotapes, photographs, drawings, a 
set of pressed cotton handkerchiefs 
and birthday cards from all over the 


United States and some foreign 
countries. 

The U.S. Post Office is receiving 
1300 to 2,000 pieces a day for Mr. 
Simpson, requiring one or two extra 
clerks for processing, a spokesman 
said. The volume is so great that jail 
officials turn all of the mail over to 
Robert L Shapiro, Mr. Simpson’s 
attorney, rather than delivering it to 
him in his cell 

Five law students have been enlist- 
ed to help with the sorting task, after 
which ail but the small percentage of 
letters that attack Mr. Simpson are 
given to him a few at a time to read. 



The Fat American 


By Marian Burros 

Net 9 York Timex Service ■ 

NEW YORK A third of 
American adults are now obese, 
ac cording to a newly released 
government study. 

The study found that the pro- 
portion of seriously overweight 
Americans had increased to 
more than 30 percent between 
1980 and 1991,npfrcmabouta 
fourth of die adult population 
from 1960 through 1980. 

The increase occurred de- 
spite a growing awareness that 
obesity has a negative effect on 
health and despite the contin- 
ued growth erf the diet industry, 
now estimated to have revenues 


Department of Health and Hu- 
man Services, said: “The gov- 
ernment is not doing enough. It 
is not focused. We don’t have a 
coherent across-the-board poli- 
cy. We are in the process of 
developing one.” 

On Tuesday the Journal of 
the American Medical Associa- 
tion will publish an article 
based on die study’s findings 
about adults. In an editorial 
that will accompany the article. 
Dr. F. Xavier Pi-Sunyer, direc- 
tor of the division of endocri- 
nology, diabetes and nutrition 
at St. Luke’s-Roosevdt Hospi- 
tal in New York City and a 
professor of medicine at Co- 
lumbia University, writes: “The 


of $40 billian to 550 billion a proportion of the population 
year- that is obese is mcredible. If this 

For purposes of the study, was about tuberculosis, it 
obesity was defined as being 20 would be called an epidemic.” 


percent or more above a per- 
son’s deniable weight. That is 
about 25 pounds (1 1 kilograms) 
overweight for an average 5- 
foot-4-incb (1.6-meter) woman 
and 30 pounds for an average 5- 
foot-10-inch man. 

The study’s figures on chil- 
dren were not available; but 
several experts who had seen 
the data said that obesity 
among them was increasing at 
an even faster rate than it was 
among adults. 

Although the study, conduct- 
ed by the National Center for 
Health Statistics in the Centers - 
for Disease Control and fre- 
vention, c onfirms what experts 
have suspected, it is the first 
time that the recent growth of 
the problem has been mea- 


Tbe groups with the highest 
proportion of overweight peo- 
ple are blade women, at 493 
percent, and Mearican-Ameri- 
can women, at 47.9 perce&L 
Those levels represent increases 
of 12.2 percent and 15.7 per- 
cent, respectively, compared 
with the 1980 rates. 

The study offers additional 
support to health and nutrition 
professionals who argue that a 
national campaign to reduce 
obesity is essential to contain 
health care costs. 

Dr. Philip R. Lee, the assis- 
tant secretary for health in the 


He adds: “The problem with 
obesity is that once you have it, 
h is very difficult to treat. What 
yon want to do is prevent it” 
Experts agree that the root 
causes of obesity in the United 
States, a sedentary lifestyle and 
an abundance of food, arc diffi- 
cult to chang ft- 
The Department of Agricul- 
ture reports that the American 
food supply produces 3,700 cal- 
ories a day for every man, wom- 
an and child. Women’s caloric 
needs are only about half that 
amount, and men’s about two- 
thirds. 

But people are constantly 
bombarded with food messages 
that encourage them to eat far 
more than they need, said Mar- 
ini Nestle, chairman of the De- 
partment of Nutrition at New , 


York University and managin g 
editor erf the 1988 Surgeon Gen- 
eral's Report an Nutrition and 
Health. 

“Advertising budgets for 
food that no one needs are as- 
tronomical” she said. “Com- 
pared to what is spent on nutri- 
tion education, it’s laughable.” 

Health experts say that 
Americans have reduced their 
level of physical activity be- 
cause of their penchant for 
watching television, their use of 
automobiles and the disappear- 
ance of physical education 
classes from school programs. 


Nuclear- Weapon Maintenance Troubles Pentagon 


By Ralph Vartabedian 

Los Angeles Tima Sarrtce 

WASHINGTON — Senior 
n Defense De partm ent officials 
~ are becoming worried about the 
safety and lability of U.S. nu- 
clear weapons under die stew- 
- ardship of Energy Secretary 
■■ Hazel R. O’Leary and are con- 
cerned that the weapons may 
soon be unable to meet tire na.- 
*■ tion’s potential mili tary needs. 

In a secret letter to Mrs. 
’ O’Leary in late May, the deputy 
? defense secretary, John M. 
Deutch, said that the Energy 
Department was failing^ to 


Twwrnfam the nation’s nuclear 
weapons plants and lacked the 
political muscle to obtain suffi- 
cient funds to do the job. 

. He wrote the letter as chair- 
man of the US. Nudear Weap- 
ons Council the joint mflitaty 
and energy authority that sets 

C sy foe nudear weapons. It 
two other voting members: 
an Energy Department execu- 
tive and the chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff. 

Pentagon officials cited two 
crucial concerns about the nu- 
dear weapons stockpile: that it 
remain safe and that future 


presidents have absolute assur- 
ance of its reliability if it must 
be committed to war. 

Under federal policy, the risk 
of an accidental nuclear deto- 
nation under normal conditions 
is not supposed to exceed one in 
a billion, a standard far higher 
than the reliability of any 
spacecraft,- medical device or 
complex computer. 

Iu the production and han- 
dling of 70,000 nudear weap- 
ons during the Cold War, than 
were no accidental detonations, 
according to Sidney Drcfl, a 
weapons expert and physicist at 


the Stanford Linear Accelerator 
in California. 

“That’s one hell of a record,” 
he said. 

Whether that record can be 
maintained is what concents 
the Pentagon. Officials worry 
that Mrs. O’Leary is un wilting 
to commit the political capital 
necessary to fight off efforts to 
cut the nudear weapons bud- 
gets in favor of environmental 
and other programs in her de- 
partment 

Mrs. O’Leary was not imme- 
diately available for comment. 


AMERICAN 


TOPICS 


A New Approach to Farming; 
Planting Without Full Flowing 

In a revolution in American fa n n ing , 
the centuries-old method erf plowing the 
fields, turning the earth completely be- 
fore planting, is disappearing. 

“It was a radical idea 20 years ago, 
said Dale Montgomery, 43, a Umveraity 
of Illinois graduate who raises soybeans 
and com oa 1,000 acres (400 hectares) m 
DeKalb County, UlinoiSL He stopped 
plowing sane of bis fields six yeapago. 

The c han g e has been speeded by a 
federal tewthat requires fanners ta take, 
steps to stem soil erosion, wiiot a wors- 
ened by plowing, or risk loang subsidies. 
Fanners also say the end of plowing 
saves time and money. And rrew me- 
cfaanical devices, like the no-tiH 
plant seeds in a field covered with stub- 

^ The manufacture of traditional mold- 
board plows in United States ^ 
drooped from a peak of 650,000 m 1926 
m nbout 2.600 m_ 1990. 

Most fanners still till tbe .lmd twfore 

sssseS 

mC which cuts up plant residue and 


— - completely inverting the topsoil to a 
depth of nearly a foot (30 centimeters) — 
has shrunk to an insignificant percentage 
of farming today, raid John Becherer, a 
spokesman for the Conservation Tech- 
nology Information Center, a research 
organization in West Lafayette, Indiana. 

Short Takes 

Increasingly, US. companies allow 
and even encourage workers to wear ca- 
sual clothes to the office. Some call it 
“Dress-Down Friday ” or “Casual Day.” 
Over the past three or four years, this 
dressing-down erf the normally well- 




across the country. Ana it has lifted 
morale and increased productivity, said 
a spokesman for the Chase Manhattan 
Bank. “We take it seriously” he said. 
However, for most companies, there are 
no T-shirts, faded jeans or rubber “flip- 
flop” shower shoes. Employees usually 
are cautions about going too far. 

“You Nazty Spy,” the 44th of 190 

Three Stooges shorts made by Columbia 

from the 1930s to the 1960s> was released 
Jan. 19, 1940, nearly two years before the 
Japanese bombing of Fear! Harbor and 
at a time when any panning of Hitler or 
Germany would draw immediate oppo- 
sition from VS, isolationists. Bui they 


the Stooges* short lampoon of the Nazis 
was virtually unopposed. Thus, The New 
York Times notes, it was Moe Howard, 

one of the Stooges, who was the first film 
actor to impersonate Hiller and not 


Charles Chaplin; whose “The Great Dic- 
tator” was reteased nine mouths later. 

The nranber of accidents in New York 
police car chases has increased 64 per- 
cent in five years, with a 27 percent jump 
from 1992 to 1993 alone. Such accidents 
injure an average of 1,300 officers each 
year. Officials blame expanded hiring. 
Fewer recruits have experience behind 
the wheel “Rambo types in patrol cars,” 
the chief of department, Joan Timoney, 
calls them. The department is re-examin- 
ing its training program and may draft 
new roles for pursuit. 

A Taylor, Michigan, man was killed 
when his cigarette ignited fumes in a 
bathroom where he was using gasoline to 


dean tar off his rfnthrng and arms. The 
explosion blew out windows and set the 
man on fire. He was found in the bath- 
tub, partial^ submerged in a mixture of 
gasoline and water. Fire department offi- 
cials did' not release the man’s name. 

A New York Tunes reader, James Ler- 
ner, recounts that on one of the hottest 
days of this hot summer, the phone rang 
just before dinnertime. The caller, ad- 
dressing Mr. Leaner by name, said he 
was speaking on behalf of the Brooklyn 
Academy of Music and politely asked, 
“How are you?” 

“Hot!” Mr. Lemer answered to which 
the response was “Thai I won’t bother 
you.” Mr. Leroer writes, “And the call 
aids before I can utter another word. A 
memorable event in the history of tele- 
phone solicitation." 

International Herald Tribune 


Away From Politics 


t • . 


P#- 


:v. j—;*? 


-»•* 

*v' 


s . i 






Doug* C. Prac/Thc Auooued ha 

Fire fighters at the site where a truck carrying toxic chemicals landed in a back yard in Ontario, California. 


• Hundreds of people were evacuated in 
Ontario, California, after a tanker carry- 
ing hydrochloric acid and other chemi- 
cals collided with a car on a freeway, 
veering o£ r the road and through a wall 
before it came tc a halt in the back yard 
of a home during the night. Two people 
were Fumes spread over a square- 
mile area as police officers rousted resi- 
dents from their beds. 

• A single-engine plane carrying three 
sky (fivers for an air show crashed near 
Tremont City, Ohio, killing them and the 
pfloL The sxydivers had parachutes on 


and were preparing to jump when the 
Cessna 172 struck trees near Mad River 
Airport 

• A Los Angeles police officer who 
kicked Rodney King has been dismissed a 
month after a disciplinary panel ruled 
that the officer used excessive force dur- 
ing the arrest of Mr. King following a car 
chase. The officer, Theodore Briseno, a 
12-year member of the force, was sus- 
pended without pay following the March 
3. 1991, beating of Mr. King. 

• Two teenagers killed themselves with a 


shotgun in Sayreville, New Jersey, in an 
apparent copycat suicide prompted by 
the death of the rock star Kurt Cobain, 
tiie police said. They said that Thomas 
Rodriguez, 15, and Nicholas Camperi, 
14, had taken their lives in the basement 
of the Rodriguez youth’s home. A Mid- 
dlesex County prosecutor said that two 
notes left by the boys indicated that they 
were depressed over the rock star’s 
death. Mr. Cobain. 27. the lead singer of 
the group Nirvana, killed himself with a 
shotgun on April 8 at his home in Seattle. 

AP. AFP 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 


CHINA: How Mao’s Great Leap Forward Produced Devastating Famine 


Continued from Page 1 

deaths is potentially destabiliz- 
ing For the present Chinese re- 
gime. which still draws its fun- 
damental legitimacy from him. 

Although China's leaders 
have rejected much that Mao 
espoused, including endless 
class warfare and agricultural 
communes, they still claim to be 
his rightful heirs, guided by the 
ideas of the guerrilla fighter 
who founded the People's Re- 
public in 1949 after a civil war. 
Even in an era when making 
money is supreme, Mao’s image 
as a revolutionary, theoretician 
and founding father is consid- 
ered vital to what remains or 
Communist Party legitimacy. 

The terrifying famine rav- 
aged rural China between 1959 
and 1961, claiming tens of mil- 
lions of lives — and it was most- 
ly made by Mao. 

At the time, few China spe- 
cialists in the West perceived 
that massive starvation had re- 
sulted from the Great Leap 


Forward, a utopian production 
drive in which Mao formed ru- 
ral communes and ordered citi- 
zens to make iron and steel in 
primitive backyard furnaces. 
Some Western scholars, idealiz- 
ing China and convinced that a 
food shortage could not exist 
under the Communists, doubt- 
ed the existence of a famine. 

Mao's goal in the Great Leap 
Forward was to accelerate eco- 
nomic growth. 

According to some histori- 
ans, Mao's crime during this 
period was that he had ample 
warning in early 1959 that the 
Great Leap Forward was creat- 
ing food shortages but did not 
remedy the situation. 

The iron-and-steel drive, 
which transformed milli ons of 
cooking pots and other utensils 
into useless slag, drew labor 
from the fields, leaving many 
crops unharvested. Meanwhile, 
those farmers who remained in 
the fields saw their crop yields 
decline because Mao, the son of 


rich peasants, had prescribed 
farming techniques that in- 
volved close planting and deep 
plowing — unsuitable for many 
areas. 

To this day, the state-run me- 
dia remain largely silent about 
the famine. According to Rich- 
ard Evans, former British am- 
bassador to Beijing, the Great 
Leap is “seldom referred to in 
official documents, or even in 
novels and short stories.’ 1 Chi- 
nese schools teach little about 
it; public discussion would raise 
questions about Communist 
Party rule. 

Analysts say the political en- 
vironment has changed drasti- 
cally since the time of the Great 
Leap Forward. Mr. MacFar- 

S r, who is completing his 
book on the origins of the 
Cultural Revolution, said that 
while whole classes of people 
were repressed under Mao, to- 
day’s government selectively 
targets intellectuals, workers, 
and members of minority 


IN TOE MATTER OF JAMES FERGUSON HOLDINGS PLC 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF CENTURY INDUSTRIAL SERVICES LIMITED 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF CARD FINANCE LIMITED 

AND IN THE MATTER OF FERGUSON COMMUNICATIONS LIMITED 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF DATA ASSISTANCE LIMITED 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF EAS PRINT LIMITED 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF JAMES FERGUSON FINANCE LIMITED 

AND IN THE MATTER OF LASER IMPRESSIONS LIMITED 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF FERGUSON LEASING LIMITED 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF FERGUSON MEKOM LIMITED 

AND IN THE MATTER OF MERSEYSIDE FINANCE LIMITED 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF NEW BROOK ESTATES LIMITED 

AND IN THE MATTER OF PROPERTY PENSIONS (HOLDINGS) LIMITED 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF JAMES FERGUSON SECURITIES LIMITED 

AND IN THE MATTER OF VICTORIA APPOINTMENTS AND CONTRACTS LIMITED 

AND IN TOE MATTER OF TOE INSOLVENCY ACT 1986 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Joint Liquidators of the above-named companies (aH of which are 
United Kingdom companies in liquidation) require, on or before the 31st day of August 1994 any person 
who wishes to advance any claim (excepting claims previously notified to the relevant Joint Uqiidators 
by that person or an office holder duly authorised to make such claims on their behalf) against aR or any 
of the above compenies:- 

(a) seeking to trace funds into the property and assets of the relevant company or companies on a 
proprietary basis; 

(b) seeking to impose IfabBity upon the relevant company or companies as trustees in respect of 
its alleged handing of or involvement in transactions in funds originating from investments in 
Bartow Clowes International Limited and/or any related company or person: and/or 

(c) seeking to impose liability upon the relevant company or companies on any other baas; 

to notify their names, addresses, the name of the company claimed against and the amount of each 
dsim to the undersigned Martin Andrew Shaw of KPMG Peat Marwick, 1 The Embankment, 
Neville Street, Leeds. LSI 4DW, England (telephone England 0532 313000, telefax 0532 313163) 
one of the Joint Liquidators of tire said companies, and request from him a claim form in the prescribed 
form, or in default thereof (or in default of submission of the daim form in the prescribed form within 
the time specified therein} they may be excluded from the benefit of any tistribution of the property 
and assets of the said companies. 

Dated this 1st day of July 1994 

MA Shaw 
Joint Liquidator 


groups, such as Tibetans, who 
oppose or criticize it. 

In the past, he said, “You 
never knew if you could escape 
btinf' a target of violence — 
even if you were a poor peasant 
Today, if you keep your head 
down, you’re all right” 

Deng Xiaoping, China’s par- 
amount leader, and other high 
officials maintain that Mao’S 
accomplishments far exceeded 
his failures. In 1931, the party 
Central Committee touched on 
the Great Leap in a carefully 
worded resolution, insisting 
that the party’s “general line” 
was "fundamentally correct” It 
admitted Mao’s “gross mis- 
takes” but said nothing about 
the famine. 

In the view of Mr. Deng, who 
was stripped of power as party 
general secretary by Mao in 
1966 and purged again in 1976, 
exposing Stalin’s crimes was 
one of Moscow’s biggest mis- 
takes. Thus Beijing has barred 
any dose examination of Mao's 
misdeeds, although some schol- 
ars in fftina do so even though 
they cann ot publish their find- 
ings. 

Mao, unlike Stalin, did not 
target individuals for assassina- 
tion, did not directly supervise 
any of the killing and did not 
revel in iL And unlike Hitler, he 
did not select a whole people 
for extermination. 

What Mao did was unleash 
mass movements against his ri- 
vals and the “bad classes” of 
society. He did in fact target 
segments of society for repres- 
sion, which sometimes led to 
public humiliation of the vic- 
tims and death by torture, un- 
checked by any legal con- 
straints. His pronouncements 
led lower-level officials to actu- 
ally create quotas of victims to 
be targeted during different 
campaigns. 

“Mao was unsystematically, 
fanatically dangerous,” said a 
former well-placed Chinese of- 
ficial in Beijing who was perse-' 
ented and jailed as a “rightist” 
during the Cultural Revolution. 
“He was not a mas* murderer, 
but his lunacy probably caused 
the deaths of more people than 
Stalin.” 


Corsica Air Crash Kills 3 

Reuters 

AJACCIO, Corsica — Three 
people were killed and four oth- 
ers were injured Sunday when a 
fire-fighting spotter plane 
crashed amid bathers on a 
beach near Ajaccio, Corsica, 
the police said. 


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Serbs Warn 
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Prime Minister Edouard BaDadur, flanked by Mayor Jacques Chirac of Pots* ggmiao S 

and President Francois Mitterrand, at the deification service in Paris on Sunday. 

. . '■ . lim-Croath 

France Memorializes Vichy Victims ££££!? 

or that have 


The Associated Press 

PARIS — F acing up to one of the most 
shamef ul moments of French history, Presi- 
dent Frangois Mitterrand dedicated a memo- 
rial on Sunday to approximately 16,000 Jews 
rounded up by French police in World War H 
and sent to Nazi death camps. 

Mr. Mitterrand made no speech but was 
applauded by Holocaust survivors when he 
laid a wreath and dedicated the monument 


near the ate of the Velodrome d’Hiver, a 
Pa risian stadium where the Jews were de- 
tained before their deputation. 

His presence at the commemoration of the 
roundup, on July 16-17, 1942, marked' in- 
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ognize the extent of the wartime Vichy, re- 
gime's collaboration in the Holocaust. The 1 
roundup was the laigest seizure oFJews un- 
dertaken in France. 


ISRAEL: Amid Setbacks 9 a Shift in Attitude on Arabs 


Continued from Page 1 

sure of the change,” he said, “is 
that a guy who can't organize a 
municipality of Gaza is not an 
existential threat to the state of 
Israel” 

Another sign of the changed 
outlook among Israelis came re- 
cently in comments by Mr. Ra- 
bin urging an end to the army's 
role as a police force over Pales- 
tinian civilians in the territories. 

“I hope with the continuation 
of the peace process, the army 
will again become a defense 
army and not an occupation 
army against another people," 
he said. 

Mr. Arafat, vilified by Israe- 
lis for so marry years, has be- 
come what Israelis said they 
lacked for 27 years — a Pales- 
tinian partner. 

*^Ve have done much more 
than recognize the PLO. We 
have recognized the Palestinian 
people," said a peace activist, 
Galia Golan, a professor at He- 
brew University. 

Only two years ago, Hanan 
Ashrawi, the Palestinian peace- 

GAZA: 

Clash on Border 

Continued from Page 1 

will apparently resume in Cairo 
on Monday, as scheduled. 

Israel allows 20,000 Gazans 
to enter each day for work, less 
than a third the number al- 
lowed in before the Gulf War 
three years ago. Part of the 
problem on Sunday was an at- 
tempt by an estimated 400 to 
500 Palestinians to cross 
through Erez without valid 
work permits. 

According to the Israelis, 
blame rested with those Pales- 
tinians for not having been at 
their posts in sufficient num- 
bers as workers started arriving 
at 2:30 A.M. lines backed up 
there, Israeli commanders said, 
and then frustrated Palestinians 
burst through. 

For their part, the Pales tinian 
authorities and the laborers in- 
sisted that the problem was the 
Israelis’ slowness in checking 
papers. 


talks spokeswoman, embraced 
Mr. Arafat publicly while m 
Jordan. The publication of 'a 
photograph created an uproar 
in Israel, and the Likud police 
minister at the time, Rcmi MDo, 
threatened to can Mrs. Ashrawi 
in for questioning when she 
crossed toe Allcnby Bridge to 
return to the West Bank, on the 
grounds that toe had contacts 
with the PLO, an outlawed or- 
ganization. 

Now, Mr. Arafat can come 
and go across the same bridge, 
not as an outlaw but as Israel’s 
“peaoepartnw” 

“We can bicker, we can ar- 
gue, we can dislike each other’s 

institutions and maybe even try 

to detegitimize them,” said Mr. 
Golan. “But toe basic point has 
been made — the Palestinians 
are a people and we have no 
right to nue over them.” 

Ever since taking power two 
years ago, the Rabat govern- 
ment alio has sought to change 
the way Israelis look at peace. 

Dan Meridar, a moderate Li- 
kud legislator, said: “The ques- 
tion put to the Israeli public for 
many years has changed. From 
1967 to 1992, the question that 
Israeli parties had to answer — 
whether Labor or Likud — was: 
‘What are the minimum condi- 
tions for peace?* Labor said ter- 
ritorial concessions. Likud said 
autonomy. Both presented 
plans that were not accepted by 
the Arabs. 

“Rabin has changed the 
question. It wasn% The. best 
way to achieve peace?* but 
“How to make peace now.’ ” 

A philosopher, David Hart- 
man, said the Rabin govern- 
ment has begun to disassemble 
an entire school of thought that 
grew up after the 1967 war, 
when land captured toe West 
Bank and Gaza Strip along with 
Sinai and the Golan Hdgnts. 

The unexpected victory 
stoked a fervor among many 
Israelis who believed God had 
spared the small country from 
another Holocaust Many also 
interpreted toe outcome as a 
messianic event in which the 
lands of ancient Israel were be- 
ing returned to the Jews. ' 

After the war, Mr. Har tman 


recalled, “We suddenly became 
a world power. ' 

“The whole world talked 
about us. Suddenly *h?c small, 
ghettoized people saw itself in 
grandiose terms.”. 

But, he added, toe flhisknis 
have been gradually eroded. 

Elihu Katz, director ^of the 
Louis Guttmm . Xnstitnte here 
and a leading sociologist, said 
the change m Israeh society 
stems from ~being weary of a 
. conflict that has been expandr 
ing steadily in recent years: : 

He said Israelis were frustrat- 
ed that nothing tried by their 
■ government : seemed * to bring 
them closer to peace^ arid they 
were troubled by the moral is- 
sues of fighting against the inti- 
fada, or uprising, of civfliaxxs. 

According to surveys carried 
out by the institute, a long-term 
trend of. “creeping dovishness” 
persists in Israel’s body politic. 
Since the agreement with the 
Palestinians was signed last 
September, a startling 85 per- 
cent of Israelis said they expect 
a Palestinian state to come into 
being— even though most also 
said they do not hkr. the idea. 

- Those who say that Israel 
“will eventually nave'to with- 
draw from all or most of .toe 
territories” have readied a high 
of 60 percent in the surveys. 

Still, the peace remains frag- 
ile in the minds of Israelis. Pom 
show they are more skeptical 
about expanding Palestinian 
ruto to the rest of toe West Bank 
and remain extremely sensitive 
to potential violence. - 

Mr. Rabin and his. foreign 
minister, Shimon Peres, the 
chid architects of the peace 
agreement, are on shaky politi- 
cal ground at home because of 
long-neglected domestic issues 
lilre heal to care. 

But regpnflass of what hap^ l 
pens in the near term, a political 
scientist, Yaron Ezrahi, said, Is- 
rael cannot go bade to the years 
of expanding Jewish settlement 
in the West Bank and endless 
waiting at the negotiating table 
for a peace partner. “It’s not 
reversible for a simple reason: 
In the mind erf Israelis, the other 
way is a deadlock. It doesn’t 
lead to improvement in our du- 
ly lives." 


SPY; Former Soviet Double Agent Seeks Career in XJ.S . 


Cantmoed from Page 1 

on a scheme to entice him with 
a young woman in supposed 
legal trouble and FBI agents 
masquerading as legal advisers. 

Mr. Vuzhxn says they need 
not have gone to all the trouble. 
“It was not a good perfor- 
mance.” he said. For one thing, 
one agent let slip another's real 
nnwiR. For another, he said, no 
real lawyers wouldhaye been so 
generous with their time. Still, 
“We each pretended we be- 
lieved each other.” 

In any case, be had already 
rpnde. op his mind. Soon he was . 
volunteering information about 
his associates in the KGB's lo- 
cal office and disclosing bow 
Soviet officers woe listening in 
on FBI transmissions. 

His American handlers were 
confident that he was not feed- 
ing them disinformation. “He 
couldn’t lie,” said aae them. 
Bin Smits, since retired, “be- 
cause he didn't know how much 
we knew.” 

Mr Yuzhin says he was not 
motivated by money, and Mr. 


Smits says the FBI did not pay 
Mr. Yuriun at the time. As for 
any financial arrangements lat- 
er, the bureau declines as a mat- 
ter erf policy to disqiss than, 
and Mr. Yuzhin is abo sQent. 

After IQ months, Mr. Ynzhin 
returned home. But two years 
later, in July 1 978, as the bureau 
had confidently predicted, he 
was back in San Francisco for 
the KGB, this time acting as a 
reporter for the Soviet press 
agency Tass and serving once 
again as a leading source of in- 
formation for toe FBL 

In 1982, apparently asa mat- - 
ter of routine. Mr. Yuzhin was 
called home for debriefing and 
what tnmed out to be asenes of 
lackluster assignments in Mos- 
cow. Before he left, the CIA 
tried to arrange for contact wto 
him there. But he refused, fear- 
ing it would be too risky. 

On Dec. 23,1986, he was 
summoned by his chief and or- 
dered to ‘the airport for .an er* 
rand. There, he said, he was 
shoved into a room, handcuffed 
and held incommunicado on 


charges of high treason. His: 
wifejJNadya, had had noinkling 
of his double life and' was as 
stunned as anyone, she said in 
. an interview here. He had been 
under suspicion and surveQ- 

lance for some time, he learned 

later, 

. He was convicted and sen- 
tenced to 15 years’ "strict re- 
ghtie.” For a.time during Tik 
imprisonment, he occupiedrhe 
odl in which a notable diss£ 
dent, Anatoli Marchenko, had 
just died of mistreatment The 
FBI gave him up for dead. 

• In-February- 1992, toe-amnes- 
ty granted by Mr. Yeltsin freed 
Mr. Yuzhin from a labor camp. 

. *3 , never regretted what i. 
did," be said. Indeed, he said, 
bisunpnsonment confirmed his 
betiisf ip toe course he had cbo- 
sen, ' showing him a side of the 
Soviet state that he had never 
witnessed in his privileged posi- 
tion as a KGB officer. “The 
more Hhought the more I real- 
ized I did toe right thing,” he 
raid, “because ..rapt another 
taste of the system? . 


In Bosnia 

• • The Associated Pros. 

BELGRADE:— The leaders 
of the Bosnian Serbs warned 
then people Sunday to brace 
for all-out war, after recom- 
- men din g that toeir Parliament 

reject a plan to partitionBosma 
despite international threats erf 
pu nish ment' if they turned 
down toe chance for peace. 

Rejection of the plan by toe 
Bosnian Seths’ Assembly when 
it meets on Monday would al- 
most certainly cause the war io 
flare with new ferocity, and 
could push the world to lift an ! 
.arms embargo, against Bosnia’s 
Muslim-led government. 

Sanctions that were imposed 
two years ago against Serbia 
" itself also could be tightened. - 
: ; The Bosnian Serb deputy 
prime minis ter, Vitomir Pqpo- 
vic, said a plan drafted by the 
United Stares, Russia and West 
European countries was “abso- 
lutely unacceptable for the Ser-' 
h i an people and should be re- 
jected in its entirety,” the 
Bosnian Serbs* press agency, . 
SRNA, reported. 

The plan would give a-Mus- 
lim-Groatian federation 51 par- a 
cent of Bosnia, rolling back Ser- T. 
h ian gains in 27 months of war 
that have left -about 200,000 
people dead or missing. 

The Muslim-led Bosnian - 
government has rdnetantiy rec- • 
ommended that its Parliament 
endorse the plan. The Bosnian • 

. Croats have accepted toe plan. 

The Subs, who now head 70 - 
percentof Bosnia, want to unite 
their territories with Serbian: 
held parts of Croatia and Serbia. 

HAITI: 

New Pressures 

Costumed from Page I 
ter, worry about a Marine being 
killed or captured and have toe 
■whole thing blow up in our 
^ faces,” said one senior official. 

. Even among militar y offi- 
* cers, many do not regard U.S. 
interests in Haiti as sufficiently 
Vital to justify risking the lives 
of American troops, they have 
sahl'in interviews. 

Despite the reservations of 
many such officers, high Penta- 
gon officials have supported the . r 
administration's position that V. 
UJS. national interests would be 
served by briaging about stabil- 
ity in Haiti. - 

•. - But Defense Secretary WU- 
6am J.; Percy and General John 
M. ShaKlrashv iti, chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, have 
stressed in White House discus- 
sjans that securing democracy 
in Haiti, whether or not Haitian 
military leaders can be removed 
oidy by force, would be a long, 
difficult and expensive process 
requiring thousands of peace- 
keepers to stay for one or two 
yean at least, according to par- 
ticipants. • • ■ 

And Pentagon officials are 
still wary about sending UJS. 
troops into Haiti because .tire 
administration has no solid 
plan fin- getting them out. 

. The Pentagon's nightmare, 

. cited by congressional and oth- 
er critics, is that American 
farces couldLend up in Haiti for • 
years, struggling to keep order 
ra an impoverished country that 
has had tittle success with de- 
mocracy. and a. long political 
history of violence and corrup- 
tion. (IHT, WP) 

Major, Fearing 
Laborite, Will * 
Shuffle Aides 

. Reuters 

LONDON — Prime Minister 
John Major was working Sun- 
day on a cabinet shake-up de- 
signed to blunt the threat of 
Tony Blair, toe opposition La- 
bor Farter's heir apparent. 

Mr. Blair is all tan certain to 
be appointed Labor’s leader - 
Thursday. Mr. Major wants to 
face this potent challenge wjth fl ■ 
new team lie hopes will - ensure 
the Conservatives their fifth 
successive parliamentary elec- 
tion victory. 

By -demoting' several senior 
mini sters and giving his junior 
lmeup a rigorous trihalra, he also - 
hopes to revive' the popularity 
of his Conservative Party, 
which remains stock 15 points 
behind Labor m opinion poD& 

A spokeswoman. for- tin* 
prihre minister said he would be 


- — — -^3 — ' — ormj mu* UU Ityni iy . 

Huntingdon, in eastern -Eng- - 
land, but she hmted that 'he 
might vist a su mm er party giv^ 

® by a str^ simportct .the , 
author Lord Archer. 

Until 10 days ago Lord Achcr i 
was expected to take oyer -as: 
party jtoairman from S&r Nor- - ; 
man. Fowler. - - . : - . - - : S ., . . . 

But allegations abouTlris m- 
vtrfyemem in a possttae share ’ 
c uymg scandal have aH -but . 
aimmated his chances. • . ‘ . 

. Mr. . Majors mw-now-try-to-: 
persuade Trade Seaetaiy MV - 
™aa Hesdtine to take the Job* ‘ 
But ire is more likely to tart ton 
Emplqynrait Seoetary David 
Hum. .*• r 










% 


£jo f 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 


Page 5 


A Threat 
To French 
In Africa 




Rwandan Rebels 
May Raid Haven 





.0 


If .. 
»■ . • 


i r* 




■tS Jr* 

■ ; : i a ; 

• •* K 




KIGALI, Rwanda —The re- 
bel Rwanda Patriotic Front* 
winch look the last major gov- 
ernment-held town Sunday, 
threatened to invade the 
French-guarded haven in 
southwestern Rwanda unless 
French forces handed over the 
leaders of the slaughter of thou- 
sands of Tutsi civ ilians 

“Moving in is our ambition 
unless the French hand, ova; the 
criminals,” Major- Wilson Rn- 
tiyisire, a spokesman for the 
Tutsi-led Rwanda Patriotic 
Front, said in Kigali. 

“If the French arrest them 
and hand them ova, there is_no 
need for us to move in,” he 
added. “But we have a duty to 
follow up these criminals, a safe 
zone notwithstanding. It is our 
right to bring the criminals to 
justice.” 

The president of the sdf-de- 
- dared Hutu government, the 
Uptime minist er and other offi- 
cials have been taking shelter in 
Cyangugu, the major town in 
the Froich-protected area since 
Thursday. 

If the rebels follow through 
with their threat, it will bring 
French troops directly into the 
Rwandan conflict that has al- 
ready claimed about half a mil- 
lion lives since ApriL 

The Rwanda ratriotic Front 
dashed with French troops Sat- 
urday night; a French soldier 
was wounded, hit in the throat 
by a stray bullet while meeting 
with UN officials in Goma. 

Rwanda Patno^Rrcnt rebels 
entered Gisenyi, the last major 
government-held town, forcing 
government forces to flee, to- 
ward Zaire, according to Cap- 
tain Jacques Andrfe Roussel, a 
French military official. 

The rebek also cm off a high- 
way leading to Kibuye, on the 
edge of a safety zone-set up by 
French forces in southwest 
Rwanda. 

Gisenyi is the oid stronghold 
of the president. Major General 
Juvfcnal Habyanmana, a Hutu 
whose death in a suspicious 
plane crash cm April 6 seat the 
country bade into cavil war. 

United Nations nffidiih said 
that up "to refogers 

were on the march in southem 
Rwanda and warned of an exo- 
dus that would dwarf the refu- 
gee crisis iii the Zairian town Of' 
Goma if. the fighting did not 
stop. 

Terrified by gunfire, refugees 
stamped e d across the border op 
Sunday, and up to SO people, 
most of them children, woe 
trampled to death, witnesses 
said. 

As many as a mfltion refugees 

had crowed into Zaire by the 
end of the day, after, about 
600,000 refugees were estimat- 
ed to have crossed into the 
Goma area between Thursday 
and Saturday, according to aid 
agencies estimates. - . 

“Gama is oat of control," 
said Panos Moumtris, a spokes- 
man for the UN High Coburns- 
sioner for Refugees: 

“There is a massive outflow 
of people," said Charles Petrie, 
deputy coordinator of the UN 
Rwanda Emergency Operation. 
“Between I million and 2 mil- 
lion have been seat moving to- 
ward Cyangngu, on the border 
with Zaire south of Lake Kivu." 

Fourteen planes in an emer- 
gency airlift were expected Sun- 
day in Goma to bong in sup- 
plies and ease what UN aid 
officials have warned could 
turn into a nightmare. • 

Michel Monssah, special rep- 
resentative of the UN High 
Commissi oner for Re fug ees m 
Kigali, said the United Nations 
was fl-dring the Rwanda Pa triot- 
ic Front for concrete measures 
to aid the humanitarian trage- 
dy. 

Mr. Moussali said 200,000 

people were leaving their homw 

every day. He feared this would 
escalate into miffians trekking 
toward Bukavu, in Zaire, if me 
Rwanda Patriotic Front ad- 
vanced into the French security 

zone. * 

He estimated that such a 

MSSWMs 



Delay in Burying a Demigod 

Kim’s Son May Need More Time to Take Power 


' Paxa)Oajo*'AjB»cc Frew-Prc*»c 

Rwandan refugees in a makeshift camp near the Zairian town of Goma on Sunday. They had fled toe rebel advance. 


Great Balls of Fire! Comet Hits Jupiter 


Compiled by Our Staff Fmm Dispatches 

GREENBELT, Maryland — Five 
chunks of the dying comet Shoemaka- 


; setting the 
limpact expected 

The force ofthe and the size 

erf the crash sites — the first fragment hit 
with the face of 10 million megatons of 


more massive 


TNT and left a marie the size of Earth on 
Jupiter’s surface . — has astronomers 
dumbfounded. 

“We were aB incredibly astonished," 
said Heidi Hammd of the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, a member of the 
team -that analy zed images of the crash 
taken by tire orbiting Hu&ble Space Tele- 
scope.' 

“We can be very glad this comet was 
heading for Jupiter and not the Earth,” 
Ms. Hamm d said at a news conference 
at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center 
outside Washington. 

Fragments A, B.C.D and E cf the 21- 
piece comet slammed into Jupiter Satur- 
day and Sunday, repeatedly exploding 
into fireballs that extended for 600 miles 
(970 kfometers) above the cloud tops. 

The impacts axe all behind Jupiter as 
•viewed from Earth, but the bubbles of 
hot gases arising from each hit poke ova 
the horizon and can be detected by large 
telescopes. col Earth .and .by the Hubble, 
telescope. " “ ' 

“The fireball extends beyond the limb 
of the planet,” Ms. Hammd said, refa- 
iing to W visible horizon. She was speak- 
ing rtf a Hubble image taken of fragment 
A’s explosion. "This is -a massive thing.” 

After fragment C, about the same tt.6 
mile diameter as A, smashed into Jupi- 


la, infrared photos from the Keck Tele- 
scope in Hawaii showed two glowing 
scars, each about the diameter of the 
Earth. 

Fragment B is thought to have been 
much smaller and less compact No im- 
ages were released of that collision. Frag- 
ment D and E views are not expected to 
be ready until Monday. 

■ More are coming. 

"This is Just the orchestra warming 
up,” said David Levy, an amateur as- 
tronomer and a co-di sc overer of the 
comeL 

Ahead are the largest four of the com- 
et's tram of 21 pieces. Fragments G and 
H, which astronomers premet will hit on 
Monday, are both thought to be almost 2 
miles across. Fragments K, expected to 
collide Tuesday, and Q], which hits on 
Wednesday, are also about 2 miles in 
diameter. The last fragment, called W, is 
forecast to hit on Friday. 

Names of the fragments do not neatly 
follow toe alphabet. Some fragments 
have disappeared, along with their letter 
designation. Q split apart, giving rise to 
two pieces with that letter. 

Scientists estimated that fragment A 
released energy equivalent to 10 million 
megatons of TNT when it hit Jupita at 
more than 130,000 miles an hour. Since 
the energy release increases geometrical- 
ly, tire larger fragments could have an 
-explosive force- of 10 times more. 

The . explosive force of the comets 
comes from their size and their extreme 
velocity.- 

Jupita is almost all hydrogen gas, 
with only a relatively small central core. 
But as a high-speed comet fragment 
strikes, it creates powerful shock waves 


in the upper atmosphere and probably 
punches through a layer of amm onia 
clouds to a layer erf dense hydrogen miles 
below. The shock waves create instant 
and extreme heat Powerful forces of 
deceleration crush toe comet fragments. 

“Huge clouds rumble up and create a 
plume," said Mr. Levy. “That's what we 
call a fireball” Ms. Hammel described it 
as "a bubble of extremely hot gas.” 
"If one of these were to hit North 
America, it would create a crater 12 miles 
in diameter,” said Eugene Shoemaker, a 
U.S. Geological Survey astronomer and 
a co-discoverer of the comeL "If it hit 
here, it would take out Baltimore and 
Washington. It would knock out things 
hundreds of miles away.” 

It also would create vast clouds of 
pulverized debris that would clog the 
atmosphere and shroud the whole plan- 
et. Such an event is thought to have killed 
the dinosaurs 65 million yean ago. 

But such events are extremely rare. 
The bombardment of Jupita, said Mr. 
Shoemaker, "is an event or anriUenhim." 

The expected collision of ibe 21 pieces 
of Shoemaker-Levy with Jupita will not 
affect life on Earth. 

The five fragments of the comet that 
had landed by Sunday were all consid- 
ered relatively minor players in the com- 
et chain- So was Fragment F. due to hit 
lata Sunday. ■’ - c - 

. Fragment G, however, was predicted 
to hit Monday with about 25 tiroes as 
much energy as Fragment A. 

Mr. Shoemaker said Fragment G 
would present “basically the same phe- 
nomenon, but a mud) bigger boom.” 
(Reuters, AP) 


By T. R. Reid 

Washington Post Sentce 

SEOUL — Although North 
Korea is famously unpredict- 
able, the postponement of Kim 
II Sung’s funeral came as a par- 
ticular surprise! 

The funeral for the late dicta- 
tor was scheduled for Sunday 
morning in Pyongyang. But on 
Saturday, North Korea's state 
radio announced that it would 
be put off until Tuesday, with a 
massive memorial service set 
for Wednesday. 

Did it mean that Kim Jong II 
had run into resistance in his 
move to succeed his father de- 
spite the fact that be was the 
designated heir? If not, what 
did it mean? 

Until the announcement, the 
transfer of power had appeared 
to be proceeding smoothly. 

Kim Jong fl, 52, bad not been 
filmed in public for months be- 
fore his father’s death. But all 
last week, state-controlled tele- 
vision showed him leading 
mourners before his father's 
body. It was expected that Sun- 
day’s funeral would dear the 
way for North Korea's rubber- 
stamp legislature to make offi- 
cial Kim Jong H’s rise to su- 
preme power. 

Radio Pyongyang said the fu- 
neral would be delayed because 
so many millions of North Ko- 
reans wanted to pay their re- 
spects before their late leader 
was buried. “The number rtf 
mourners is ever-increasing,” 
the brief broadcast said, and the 
lying-in-state period must be 
extended to accommodate "the 
ardent feelings and demands of 
the people.” 

Analysts here expressed 


doubt about the idea of a spon- 
taneous outpouring of mourn- 
ers. North Korea is a highly 
regimented place where all trav- 
el is controlled. People are not 
free to pick up and go to Pyong- 
yang for a funeral unless a local 
workers’ Party functionary or- 
ders them to go. 

Still, some observers did 
credit the basic idea that Kim 
Jong H wants to extend the pub- 

^CTSAmYSE 

lie mourning period for his fa- 
ther. a figure of demigod status. 

“The younger Kim is never 
stronger than when he's stand- 
ing next to his father," said a 
Smith Korean official. “With 
the ‘Great Leader 1 lying in 
state, and Kim Jong II carrying 
out filial duties as chief mourn- 
er. this is all wonderful image- 
making for the son." 

In addition, extending the 
mourning period may give the 
North a chance to score some 
political points at the expense 
of South Korea, said Park Sung 
Soo of Seoul’s Information 
Ministry. 

The two Koreas normally 
prohibit citizens from crossing 
their border. In a gesture seen 
here as mainly mischievous. 
North Korea invited South Ko- 
reans to attend Kim B Sung’s 
funeraL The South, falling into 
the trap, immediately banned 
travel to the funeral 

North Korea's state-run net- 
works have made the most erf 
this. In a Pyongyang television 
broadcast mown here Friday 
night, the North Korean an- 
ti (Mincer said: “The president of 
the United States has expressed 


condolences on the death of our 
Great Leader. The prime minis- 
ter of Japan has written a letter 
of condolence. But the govern- 
ment of South Korea won’t 
even let ordinary Koreans come 
here to honor him.” 

South Korean media report- 
ed that Seoul would clariry its 
policy on inter- Korean trips 
soon, but officials said there 
would most likely be no change 
in the basic policy of no travel 
to the North. 

The criticism of South Korea 
on this point marks the first 
time since Kim II Sung died on 
July 8 that Pyongyang’s broad- 
casts have reverted to the old 
pattern of criticizing life and 
government in the South. 

Some South Korean officials 
worry that this may bode ill for 
the proposed North-South sum- 
mit meeting, which had been 
scheduled for July 25 and was 
postponed indefinitely after 
Kim B Sung’s death. The South 
may find it harder to negotiate 
with the North while the critical 
broadcasts continue. 

Another view of the funeral 
announcement is that some 
itch may have developed as 
im Jong B maneuvers to take 
ova his father’s positions at the 
top of the military, the civilian 
government and the party ap- 
paratus. In that view, he put off 
the funeral to win more time to 
deal with internal opposition 
and consolidate his power. 

The South Korean news 
agency Yonhap reported that 
unidentified South Korean gov- 
ernment officials believe Kim 
Jong II is moving to purge some 
members of toe party hierarchy 
whom he does not trust. 


‘Golden Triangle’ Warlord Promises 
To Give Up if Burma Army Pulls Out 


Talks Proposal Japan Plan Reported in Sex Slavery Issue 
From Nigeria 
Hits a Snag 


LAGOS — Nigeria’s main 
opposition group said Sunday 
thm it had been invited to talks 
with nnBtaiy rulers but would 
not accept unless it could first 
seeMoshood KOO. Abkda, who 
was arrested last month and 
. charged with treason for pro- 
claiming himself president of 
Nigeria. 

Ayo Okpadokun, secretary of 
the National Democratic Coah- 
tion, said the invitation was 
sent to the alliance Saturday, 

He said the coalition would 
accept only if toe group could 
discuss the with Chief 

Abiola and if General Sani 
Abacha, toe military mien -was 
personally involved m the talks. 

Chief Abiola is widely ac- 
knowledged to have won a pres- 
idential election in June last 
year that was annulled. 

A strike began two weds 
asp by oil unions demanding 
Chief, Abiola’s release and toe 
restoration of democracy has 
crippled domestic fud sujroKes 
and threatens to disrupt ou pro- 
duction and exports, the m a in - 
stay of the economy. • 

The Nigerian Labor Con- 


- The Asndand Pros 

TOKYO — To make up for 
forcing women into sex slavery 
in World War II, ‘Japan is con- 
sidering a plan that would in- 
dude spending $1 billion on 
friendship projects but no com- 
pensation for toe women them- 
selves, a newspaper reported 
Sunday. 

The government has been 
studying what to do about the 
sex-slave issue since July 1992, 
when it acknowledged for the 


first time that toe wartime im- 
perial army was involved in 
twang women to be prostitutes 
for Japanese soldiers. 

But it has maintained that it 
cannot give compensation be- 
cause toe issue was settled in 
postwar treaties with the coun- 
tries involved, such as the 1965 
treaty restoring ties with South 
Korea. 

The newspapa Asahi Shim- 
bun said government ministries 


have drawn up a plan under 
which Japan would spend 100 
billion yen (about SI billion) 
ova five years, starting next 
year, on projects to promote 
reconciliation with other Asian 
nations. 

The projects would include 
the establishment of an Asian 
exchange center and a “center 
for women’s self-reliance” as 
well as more spending on re- 
search about the war, the news- 
papa said. 


Reuters 

BANGKOK — V Khun Sa, 
the notorious "Golden Trian- 
gle” opium warlord, has offered 
to end poppy growing in Bur- 
ma’s Shan state and surrender 
in exchange for a Burmese mili- 
tary pullout from the northern 
part of the country. 

“In response to the reports in 
The New York Times, I would 
like to offer to give myself up to 
the international community in 
exchange for the independence 
of Shan state,” U Khun Sa said 
in a statement dated Saturday 
and faxed to Reuters on Sunday 
by a spokesman, Kbuensai 
Qiayane. 

The New York Times report- 
ed that Buraia's military leaders 
woe offering the United States 
a deal that they would topple U 
Khun Sa if the United Stales 
would lift its arms embargo on 
Rangoon. 

U Khun Sa’s statement said 
there was “no need to support 
the universally hated Burmese 
military in order to catch me." 
He said, "Fm, as I always have 
been, fighting for indepen- 
dence. If the right of self-deter- 
mination of our people is recog- 
nized and guaranteed, and the 


Burmese shall withdraw from 
our homeland, I will sacrifice 
myself." 

The statement, signed by U 
Khun Sa in his capacity as self- 
declared president of the Shan 
State Restoration Council also 


opium from Shan state in ex- 
change for $390 million. 

In early 1990, U Khun Sa was 
indicted by a U.S. court on 
charges of heroin trafficking in 
the United Stales. 


said the Shan people would vol 
untanly stop growing opium 
poppies once they won free- 
dom. Opium is the source of 
heroin. 

But be warned that poppy 
cultivation would continue if 
the Burmese junta did not grant 
the Shan state freedom. 

“With the victory of toe Bur- 
mese military, the people shall 
only be more oppressed and 
suppressed, which will force 
them to rely more and more on 
poppy cultivation in order to 
survive," he added. 

U Khun Sa, 60, alias Chang 
Si-fu, is half Chinese, half Shan 
and commands the 20,000- 
member Mong Tai Army, 
which has been engaged in 
fighting with thousands of Bur- 
ma’s troops since late last year. 

U Khun Sa’s statement offer- 
ing to surrender is viewed as 
likely to gel a cool response 
from the U.S government, 
which previously turned down 
an offer by him to eradicate 


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Page 6 


MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 


OPINION 


Hcralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



StibuUC. Foreign Policy: In Defense of Clinton’s 



*■ 


pu bushed with thk nw vork timf.s anh the Washington fost 


Taiwan Deserves Respect 


If buying $8 billion worth of American 
i entitles China to flout President 
Clinton's human rights requirements 
and sdll win renewal of its trade privileges, 
buying twice that amount should entitle 
Taiwan to a little diplomatic respect. 

Taiwan has one of Asia's most devel- 
oped economies, best armed militaries and 
most vibrant democracies. Yet Taiwan’s 
president is not allowed to stay overnight 
on American soil, Taiwanese officials are 
not allowed to meet their U.S. counter- 
parts in government buildings and Tai- 
wan’s diplomatic offices in the United 
States cannot use any nam e that would 


identify the country they ^represent 


This charade reflects the long-held po- 
sition of both Taipei and Beijing that 
there is only one China and that it in- 
cludes both the mainland and Taiwan. 
Washington abided by this fiction both 
before and after it switched U.S. recogni- 
tion from Nationalist Taiwan to the 
Co mmunis t mainlan d in 1979. 

But in reality two distinct societies, 
economies and political systems have 
grown up on either side of the Taiwan 
Strait. And despite its official “one China 
polfcy,” Taipei now seeks diplomatic rec- 
ognition as a separate political entity. 

That has prompted the Clinton admin- 
istration to undertake a cautious review of 
U.S. policy. The resulting recommenda- 
tions await White House approval. They 
would ease some of the more humiliating 
diploma He restrictions. Cabinet-level visits 
in both directions would be permitted. 
Meetings could take place on official pre- 
mises.. Taiwan’s unofficial representative 


Destructive Ethnic Politics 


AQ politics is ethnic, or so it seems, in 
the former Soviet Union these days. This 
kind of politics, with its attendant dema- 
goguery and violence, can destroy all 
chance for peaceful change. 

President Boris Yeltsin’s hint last week 
that the withdrawal of 2^00 Russian 
troops still in Estonia would depend on 
better treatment of Estonia’s Russian res- 
idents could run just such a risk. 

In a bid to appease Russia’s national- 
ists, he hinted that the troops might not all 
be out by Aug. 31, as promised. The para- 
dox is that delay would arouse the ardor of 
Estonians, malting it more difficult to pro- 
tect the rights of Russian residents. 

Similarly, relations with Moscow were 
a critical issue in recent elections in 
Ukraine and Belarus. In Ukraine. Leonid 
Kuchma, a former prime minister who 
wants to revive the economy by restoring 
trade with Russia and pressing reform. 
Capitalized on discontent among the 16 
milli on ethnic Russians to oust President 
Leonid Kravchuk. The election raises 
concern about the stability of a country 
increasingly polarized between the east, 
where the economy is linked to Russia's, 
and the west, which did not become part 
of the Soviet Union until World War II 


and which now wants to rejoin 

Not surprisingly, Mr. Kuchma ran well 
in the east, but was trounced in Lvov, a 
western stronghold of Ukrainian nation- 
alism. To broaden his base for the future, 
he may now be tempted to appeal to that 
nationalist sentiment by delaying ratifi- 
cation of the Nuclear Nonproliferation 
Treaty, which commits Ukraine to get rid 
of all its warheads. Washington can dis- 
courage nuclear natinnalism by helping 
him reform the economy. 

In Belarus, where e thni c politics is 
more muted, a dark horse, Alexander 


Lukashenko, rode a landslide of protest 

Minis - 


to win the presidency over Prime 
ter Vyacheslav Kebicb, who was pushing 
reunion with Russia. 

Mr. Lukashenko’s campaign against 
corruption may get him into trouble with 
an old-guard Parliament. Their conflict is 
not likely lojeopardize the withdrawal of 
the fewer than SO ndssfles that remain. 

Throughout the former Soviet Union, 
national pride can hold newly indepen- 
dent republics together as they endure 
the trial of economic and political transi- 
tion. Ethnic rivalry, however, can delay 
that transition and tear them apart. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


No Reprieve for Saddam 


Again the United Nations is consider- 
ing whether to maintain economic sanc- 
tions on Iraq. Again the answer should be 


that it must The full range of good pur 
le sanctions serve has stm tc 


that the sanctions serve has still to 
completed. Saddam Hussein has not 
yet won an international reprieve. 

There is a particular reason why each 
new sanctions review at the United Na- 
tions is a little tighter than the last. The 
UN arms inspectors are near to complet- 
ing hear assignment to seek and destroy 
Iraq's special weapons and to install a 
monitoring system that will keep work on 
banned weapons and missiles from being 


renewed. Continuing surveillance and an 
improved system of policing industrial 


; should help contain the military 
fue of whatever arms programs Iraq 
may have hidden from the inspectors. 
Saddam runs a brutal regime at home, 
but he does not pose a regional or strate- 
gic threat to his neighbors anymore. 

It was, of course, to win relief from 
sanctions that Saddam Hussein opened 


up to the arms inspectors in the first 
place. His defanging is now also being 


cited by legions of international business- 
men. champing at the bit, as reason why 


it is now safe to allow Iraq to resume the 
oil exports that will permit it to resume 
buying their goods and services (and pay- 
ing its huge debts to them). 

Nonetheless, Saddam remains the cru- 
el persecutor of two groups of Iraqis. 
Kurds in the north and Suites in the 
south, which are under international pro- 
tection. Nor has he met UN demands to 
abandon Iraq’s daim to Kuwait and to 
recognize the border the United Nations 
drew between than. Nor has he account- 
ed for Kuwaitis still missing from the 
war. Nor for that matter has he chosen to 
use the reasonable option the United Na- 
tions has written for him to sell designat- 
ed amounts of oil for the sake of humani- 
tarian relief. He continues to sponsor 
provocative assaults on UN personnel 

The United States and its Gulf War 
allies have so far been frustrated in their 
hopes that the embargo would help 
squeeze the dictator out of power. But the 
embargo has enabled them to head off a 
revival of Iraqi bullying and expansion. 
This is more than enough of a policy 
benefit to justify keeping the pressure 
on Saddam Hussein. 


— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Other Comment 


A Celebration of Soccer 


Who would have guessed that the 
1994 World Cup would celebrate the re- 
turn of a golden age, a time of joyous, 
aggressive soccer, played with abandon 
before enthusiastic and nonviolent 
crowds? America was supposed to dis- 
cover soccer. It has done even better than 
that: It has revealed soccer in its glory. In 
one month, we have seen a demonstra- 
tion in the American stadiums that this 


sport clearly is better than its reputation. 

What a pleasure to see these stadiums 
full! True, the public’s reactions some- 
times betrayed a certain ignorance 
about soccer. But it was the American 
heartland — families — that filled the 
stands. There were only a dozen arrests 
for drunkenness. Need we recall the eve- 
nings of rioting in DOsseldorf s streets 
during Euro 88 , or the state of siege in 
Sardinia during Mondiale 90? 

— J.-J. Bozonnet, In be Monde (Paris). 



International Herald Tribune 

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TNNSBRUCK, Austria — The 
1 continuing cri 


offices could be renamed. These are useful 
steps, meant to make it easier for Ameri- 
cans to do b usin ess with their country’s 
fifth-largest trading partner. 

But recognizing reality should not stop 
there. Taiwan is too important a factor in 
East Asian politics, economics and securi- 
ty to be left out of the new post-Cold War 
order now taking shape. It belongs in the 
new World Trade Organization. It ought 
to be included in the ASEAN Regional 
Forum on security being launched in 
Bangkok later this month. And ideally, it 
should be admitted to the United Nations. 

The main obstacle to Taiwan’s inclu- 
sion in such organizations is the bellicose 
opposition of mainland China, which 
openly asserts the right to invade and 
annex Taiwan if the government there 
acts too independently. Beijing claims 
that its relations with Taiwan are an in- 
ternal matter to be resolved by tbe two 
sides alone without outside involvement. 

It is not in America’s interest to pro- 
voke China on this score. But shutting 
Taiwan out of international forums also 
carries risks for the United States. Under 
present arrangements, if China made 
good on its threats to attack, other Asian 
countries would look the other way while 
the United States, alone, would find itself 
caught in the middle of the fray. 

Last year, Washington helped arrange 
a formula that let Taiwan participate in 
the Asia-Pacific economic summit meet- 
ings in Seattle. Now it should begin ex- 
ploring ways to involve Taiwan in the 
new regional security forum as wdL 
— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


continuing criticism of Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton for indecision in 
the conduct of foreign policy rests 
on tbe assumption that prompt, 
decisive action is a better course 
than delay and caution. 

More often than is generally 
recognized, however, foreign pol- 
icy has suffered from hurried 
judgments based on oversimplifi- 
cations, iimHwpmip info rmation 
or lack of consideration for the 
consequences of intervention. 

Tbe Clinton adminis tration's 
foreign policy is not beyond criti- 
cism. Bnt amply calling for more 
“decisiveness” may make matters 
worse. Decisiveness is not a virtue 
if the decisions are wrong, nor is 
“indecision” a failing if the 
course ahead is not dear. 

It has not been obvious what 
should be done in the violence- 
racked former Yugoslavia or in 
pails of Africa, or m Korea or in 
Haiti — to say nothing of Iran, 
Iraq Eastern Europe, China and 
the former Soviet union. Bnt the 
Clinton administration has not 
gone to war in any of these places. 
Perhaps that deserves a measure 
of appreciation. 

It should not be assumed that 
decisive intervention abroad is al- 
ways preferable to deferred judg- 
ment Consider the following ex- 
amples of “decisiveness” in the 
formation of U.S. foreign policy: 

• Three months into ms admin- 
istration, President John Kennedy 
ordered tbe invasion of Cuba at 
the Bay of Pigs. It is now difficult 
to recall a more IQ-conceived idea 
or one so poorly planned and exe- 
cuted. A little more ambivalence 
and deferred judgment could have 
served America weH 

• President Lyndon Johnson in 
August 1964 moved decisively to 
bomb Vietnamese naval facilities 
in the Gulf of Tonkin, allegedly in 
answer to unprovoked attacks on 
two American destroyers. This in- 
cident was used to secure quick 


By George McGovern 


and' gangs of America before be 



other “decisive” Reagan action, 
which had led to the deaths of 
more than 200 American marines 
in Lebanon a few days before. 

• President George Bush acted 
quickly and decisively against 
Panama by bombing it and send- 
ing in 25,000 soldiers because of 
President Manuel Noriega’s al- 
leged dr 
dsmsofi 
ble threat to i 
has never been clear that this mil- 
itaiy action was justified. 

Today’s complicated post-Cold 
War world calls not so much for 
soap judgments in foreign policy 
as for painstaking long-range ef- 
forts to deal with intractable glob- 
al issues: the building of a more 
effective international collective- 
security capability (perhaps a UN 
police force and a strengthened 
wadd court); tbe reduction and 
control of armaments; tbe disci- 


pline of population growth; tbe 
protection of tbe environment; the 


repatriation or relocation of refu- 
gees; the alleviation of poverty, 


disease and illiteracy; and the es- 
tablishment of constructive trade 
and investment policies. 

The Clinton administ ration is 

at least partially attuned to these 

fanHanwgita^ -If mo - raiicrp oODSdr 

erations; it was probably elected - 
in 1992 partly because it under- 
stood that a strong economy and- 
a healthy society are (he pre-con- 
ditions for American influence- 
and leadership in the world. 

Like mott Americans, I am dis- 
tressed when I see on television 
Serbian shells being lobbed into 
the cities of Bosnia, or Haitian 
refugees trying to Bee from their 
military dictators, or the people of 
Rwanda slaughtering one another. 

I suspect that no one is more an- 
guished over these awful events 
than Bill Clinton. But an Ameri- 
can president must look beyond 
his anguish to the complexities of 
situations and to the hmilatians of 
U.S.’ power and responsibility. 

. I do not blame the presid e nt 
for believing that his first order erf . 
business is to deal with the gnus 


Neither do I blame him for resist- 
ing the implied suggestion, of 
some of America's affluent allia. 

. who - have long had universal 
health care that the United Stales 
■ defer HKh benefits foF Americans 
in order to take the lead (and pay 
the costs) In settling other peo- 
ple’s political and military affairs. 

Recentfy, there was an cspeaal- 

ly ominous tone in the wotds-of 
someoommentators about, the.al- , 
kged danger posed by No rth Ko; 
tea. Every day someone suggested 
that America raii^t intervene to 
check a 1 possible threat from 
Pyongyang. The vzsc of former 
. President Timmy Carter with Kim 
II Sung seems '.to. have quieted 
aome-df the interventionist talk.. 

Jtis.i difficult to imagine a more 
disastrous miictiilce rtmri another 
American war in Korea. Nor 
would such a bloody androostiy 
venture bold public support. 

Instead of backing mto a cor- 
ner where another war awaits, the 
United States should dearly offer 
to North Korea .— if it agrees to 


abandon nodear anus — diplo- 
matic recognition, trade and 
modest international assis t anc e. 

And if Pyongyang gives proper 
assurances against further nude- 
it, America should. 



at last, 
South 


out its troops from 
The South is fully 


capable of defending itself. 
The United States could back 


up 


such a defease by naval and air 
power off shore. 

Let’s not rush to war m Korea 


or Haiti or anywhere dse simply 
to avoid “indcxationl’" It is worth 


noting, as recent writers have in 
the International Herald Tribune, 
that* the last time an American 
president intervened in Haiti to 
restore democracy and order, 
UJS. marines stayed for 19 years, 
with no apparent improvement in 
Haitian democracy. 


The writer, a former U.S. sam- 
tor from South Dakota and die 
Democratic nominee for president 
in 1972, is currently a guest profes- 
sor at die University of Innsbruck. 
He contributed this comment to the 
International Herald Tribune. 


This Flyswatter Diplomacy WiU Earn No Respect 


W ASHINGTON — During 
the 1976 campaign Presi- 
dent Gerald Ford assailed the 
foreign policy statements of his 
Democratic challenger, Jimmy 
Carter, by contrasting them to 
Theodore Roosevelt's maxim that 
die United States should “speak 


By Lon Cannon 


softfy and carry a big stick” 

Mr. Ford said that Mr. Carter’s 


approach was “to speak loudly 
and carry a flyswatter.” At least 
that is the way the line was writ- 
ten. In a memorable speech in St 
Louis, Mr. Ford tried three times 
to pronounce “flyswatter” with- 
out success. He finally gave up 
and apologized to his audience by 


ing resolution that the administra- 
tion later claimed repres e nted a 
virtual declaration of war a gainst 
North Vie tnam it was only later 
that the Gulf of Tonkin incident 
seemed to have been manufac- 
tured by the White House as an 
excuse for the bombing attacks 
and the ill-advised Tonkin resolu- 
tion, which I and perhaps most 
m emb ers of Congress came to re- 
gret having supported. 

• President Ronald Reagan act- 
ed quickly and decisively in order- 
ing troops into Grenada, suppos- 
edly to stop a Cuban or Soviet 
takeover. It later became apparent 
that there was no real prospect of a 
Soviet or Cuban threat to tbe is- 
land, nor to any possible Ameri- 
can security interest. There are 
grounds for believing that tbe in- 
vasion of Grenada was ordered 
partly to take the spotlight off as- 


saying, “It’s been a long day.” 
Years later, when the Carter 


administration did nothing after 
the Soviets launched a brutal in- 
vasion of Afghanistan or when 
Iranians took Americans hostage 
in Tehran, Mr. Ford’s point 
seemed more important than his 
flub. There is a danger in strong 
talk and weak action, as President 
Bill Clinton has demonstrated. 

As a candidate, Mr. Clinton 
loudly criticized President 
Gauge Bush for refuting asylum 
to Haitian refugees. He promised 
to restore the government of the 
exiled Haitian president, the Rev- 
erend Jean-Bertrand Aristide. He 
criticized Mr. Bush for doing 
nothing in Bosnia and for vetoing 
legislation that would have re- 
quired China to curb h uman 
rights abuses or lose its status as a 
favored trading partner. 

These campaign criticisms now 
rebuke the Clinton presidency. 


The United States has ended link* 
age of trade and human rights in 
China. Most of Bosnia is in Serbi- 
an hands. Mr. Clinton has 
changed his policy on Haitian ref- 
ugees t hrw- titTWBe w hile making 
empty threats against a repressive 
Haitian military regime. 

Mr Gmtnn mi ght have aban- 
doned Father Aristide except for 
the pr e ssur e of the Congressional 
Blade Caucus. Representative 
Kwtiti Mfume, a Democrat who is 
tire rhammm said recently 
that m dealing with Haiti the Clin- 
ton adminis tration had followed 
“a policy of anarchy, one that 
rtnmg^s by the m oment- " He 
could as well have been describing 


adminis tration pobey toward CX- 
North Korea. 


Yugoslavia or 


The danger to the United 
States of taj£ng lough and acting 
weakly was described earlier tins 
year in an article in Foreign Af- 
fairs by Paul Wolfowitz of Johns 
Hopkins University. “Perceived 
American weakness” in dealing 
with nations such, as Haiti, Mr. 
Wolfowitz wrote, “could lead to a 
catastrophic ntisjudgment of U.S. 
intentions in East Asia.” 

Perhaps Mr. Clinton is . still 
hobbled by the motto of his cam- 
paign team, which kept itself fo- 
cused by the mind-deadening slo- 
gan, “Ift the Economy, Stupid.” 

. But most Americans expect 
tbexr presidents not only to keep 
their pocketbooks in mind but to 
show a command of foreign af- 
fairs and to demonstrate a sense 



The Taiwanese Need Help as They Edge Toward Sovereignly 


T AIPEI — Taiwan is cr ee pi ng 
toward independence. Senior 
officials, speaking anonymously to 
avoid provoking China, say they 
would like to see the island be- 
come a “separate sovereign state.” 
Taipei’s c ur r en t policy of seek- 
ing representation in the United 
Nations as a “separate political 
entity” is intended to steal the. 
thunder from the opposition 
Democratic Progressive Party 
and buy time until China is ruled 
by less threatening leaders. It 
gives the international communi- 
ty a chance to adapt to a multiple^ 
China policy. Meanwhile, there is 
much that can be done to ensure a 
peaceful transition. 

In the end, Beijing will have to 
accept that the people of Taiwan 
want setf -determination. As com- 


By Gerald Segal 


munism is replaced by national- 
ism, it seems less Iikefy that China 
will accept this without a fight. 

It is true that Beijing has tolerat- 
ed Latvian consular relations with 
Taipei; in the past the Chinese 
response would have been to sever 
ties with Latvia. South Africa 
poses another challenge: Its new 
government has refused to break 
relations with Taipei, while stating 
its wish for ties with Beijing. 

Will China bend? As Britain 
discovered over Hong Kong, Beij- 
ing can be irrational about ques- 
tions involving nationalism. But 
as in the case of Hong Kong, 
Taiwan is an important trading 
partner for China and Beijing has 
grown cautious about damaging 


its economic interests. So it may 
be that China will quietly tolerate 
Taipei's creep toward de facto 
sovereignty. 

There is much that the world 
can do to help Taiwan make its 
way to full sovereignty. A recent 
White Paper issued by Taiwan 
formally dropped Taipei's long- 
standing dawn to rule the main- . 
land. In response, tbe Clinton ad- 
ministration is expected to 


announce pragmatic steps that 
the Unit 


will make it easier for the United 
States to deal with Taiwan. Ac- 
cepting tire use of “Taiwan” in 
the official name <jf the paradi- 
plomatic Taiwanese mission in 
the United States will make it 
somewhat easier to treat Taiwan 


'I mink Somebody Might KM Me’ 


N EW YORK — From New 
Orleans comes the story of 
James Darby, a terror-stricken 
9-year-old who, as part of a 
class project, wrote a letter 
ging President Bfll Clinton to < 
something about crime. 

“I want you to stop the killing 
in tbe tijy,” said James, a third 
grader at the Mahalia Jackson 
Elementary SchooL He told the 
president that too many people 
already were dead and he was 
afraid. This was not a chOd cry- 
ing wolf. James Darby had rea- 
son to wony. The homicide rate 
in New Orleans is streaking to- 
ward a record. The streets are 
surpassingly dangerous. And, as 
in most large American cities, 
the killing of teenagers and chil- 
dren has become commonplace. 

“I think that somebody might 
kill me,” said James. 

The handwritten letter to the 
president was dated April 29. 
On May 8 , Mother’s Day, while 
walking home from a picnic, 
James Darby was shotgunned 
to death. 

Nine years old. Third grade. 
When I was 9 the only tiring I 
worried about was Willie 
Mays’s batting average. It 
couldn't have occurred to me 
that I might die. 

Drastic changes have oc- 
curred since then. And some of 
those changes have enabled us 
to accrot the wholesale destruc- 
tion at American children as 
more or less routine. A 10-year- 


By Bob Herbert 


used as a shield in a gunfighL 

There was nothing unusual 
about these chfld murders; they 
are happening in cities across the 
country. Philadelphia- Los Ange- 
les. Detroit. New York. Check 
the coroner’s offices right now 
and you’ll find the bodies 
stretched oat (Hi the slabs: boys 
and girls. Teenagers, children, in- 
fants. We box ’em up, say a few 
prayers, bury ’em, and move on. 

The most shameful thing 
about James Darby’s death is 
that we can take it in stride. It 


so many cases, their parents. 

No wonder they’re afraid. 

Listen to a 13-year-old boy 
from New Orleans: “Most of 
the boys I grew up with are 
dead. I lie awake at night and’ 
think about it What am I sup- 
posed to do?” 


That youngster was quoted 
by Dr. Joy Osofsky, director of 
the New Orleans Violence and 


n a big story. If he 
itten the president, 
James’s death would hardly 


is not even 

hadn’t written 


have been noted. 

In a letter to James’s class- 
mates, Mr. Clinton said, "Thank 
you for writing to tell me about 
how America's crime epidemic 
has affected your fives. " Tbe 
president expressed his sorrow 
over the loss of their schoolmate 
and said, “I assure each of you 
that Fm determined to answer 


Children Intervention Project, 
ina study she did far the Carne- 
gie Corporation on “Violence in 
the Lives of Young Children.” 

Incredibly, the boy’s com- 
ment was true. He had been part 
erf a group of “energetic 6 -year- 
olds” who had started school 
together. Now, seven years lat- 
er, most of the boys are dead — 
the victims of violence. 

In her study. Dr. Osofsky 
talks about children who fed 


“jumpy” and “scared” much of 
the time, and 


James’s plea with tough and 
smart solutions to the crime 


time, and kids who cany 
guns and knives to school in a 
desperate attempt to fed safe: 
She talks about mothers who 
caution their children to lie 
down while watching television 
because of the danger that 
“random” bullets might come 


old and a 2 -year-old were shot 
[New Ork 


to death in New Orleans around 
the time that James Darby was 
killed. The 2-year-old had been 


problems of America." 

And then he moved on. 

There are so many more impor- 
tant things to do. There is 
health care, Haiti, world trade. 
We all have other priorities. 

It is as if our humanity were 
eroding right before our eyes. 
These kids aren’t worth much 
to anybody. They have been 
abandoned by virtually every- 
one who should have bom look- 
ing out for them — including, in 


flying through their windows. 
What we hay 


t we have come to toler- 
ate in America’s big dries is 
unconscionable, a moral 
abomination. The children are 
paying for it now, but we win 
afl pay for it sooner or later. It 
will catch up to us. Someday 
we wfll encounter the moral 
equivalent of the slow-moving 
car with the gunmen inside that 
pulled up beside James Darby, 9 . 
i . The New York Tunes. 


as a no rmal country. Uberabzing 
visa procedures and agreeing to 
meet Taiwanese officials in U.S. 
government offices, instead of in 
restaurants, wfll signal a conces- 
sion to common sense 

More can be _done. Taiwan 
wants membership in interna- 
tional organizations and, as a ma- 
jor trading power, it should cer- 
tainly be nude a formal part of 
the fabric of the global economy. 

If China is so foolish as to act 
mi its threat to stay out of the 
World Trade Organization, the 
proposed snccessor to the Gener- 
al Agreement cm Tariffs and 
Trade, Taiwan should no longer 
be blocked from mem bersh ip. 

Arms sales to Taiwan are not a 
pressing issue, following major 
American and French sales m re- 
cent yeans. Much can be d one to 
ease Taiwan’s security problems 
by transferring technology that 
will allow tbe Taiwanese tn finish 

military systems at home. But 
sensitive technology should be 
sold discreetly, to avoid incurring ' 
China’s wrath. 

If other countries are prepared 
to help Taiwan move gradually 
toward fufl sovereignty, then Tai- 
wan should help them do so. Tai- 
peTs current high-profile strategy 
seeking UN memberdripis 

mTIvr r> n ■ — m L..a .W 


should clarify its objectives and 
engage less in political theater for 
domestic consumption. 

Taiwan could help itself by un- 
dertaking mme of its clever “hoh- 
day diplomacy.” Sending the Tai- 
wanese president and cabinet 
ministers abroad for “private 
holidays” in which they hold 
high-level meetings with repre- 
sentatives. of other governments 
wfll gradually accustom the worid 
to an independent Taiwan. 

Taiwan should take a more ac- 
tive role in Southeast Asia. It- 
could differentiate itself from 
Oiina by not claiming the right to 
use force to take disputed islands 
m the South China Sea; South- 
east Asia might then see it as a 
more cooperative partner. 

Taiwan is a vibrant, if volatile, 
democracy. It is bec oming hard- 
®r to pretend that the island’s 


pop ulat ion of 21 million wants u 
to advance toward independence * 


without ever quite arriving. 

Yet in a world where domestic 


m 


morally correct but politically 
counterprodnctive. The Taiwan 
government is under pressure 
from a political opposition that 

demands independence. But the 
UN campaign makes it harder for 
other countries to take pragmatic 
steps to help Taiwan. Taipei 


pressure in Taiwan makes fan 
sovereignty more desired,, where 
decentralization in China makes 
it more possible, and where 
pragmatism in -the international 
community smoothes, the way, 
foil independence for the Tai- 
wanese- is closer than it is for 
many modern states. 


The writer is a senior fellow at 
the Internationa! Institute for 
Strategic Studies in London and 
eddored Pacific Review. He 
contributed this comment to the 
International Herald Tribune. 


IN OPR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1894e An Anardngtlintf 


BERLIN — The German police 
is at present making active inves- 
tigations to find out if Caserio 
the assassin of President Carnot^ 
has auy friends- among tbe nu- 
merous Italian Anarchists in Ger- 


a Tatter dispute in Congress, the 
pom? being whether the cost of 
keeping up the Government's 
garanteedprice of wheat should 
be borne by appropriation or 
Mould be met by keeping up the 
high price of bread to consumers. 


has been discovered whi<* tends 

to connect Caserio vrith the Bedin 

Anarchists. It is, however, certain 
that- they regard the Italian as a 
martyr worthy <rf admiration and, 
• what is more serious, of imitation. 


1944: Prisoners Paraded 


1919; A Matter of Dou^b 

•WASHINGTON, DiC. — Presi- 
dent Wilson has issued a prodar 


matian prohibiting .the. importa- 
tion ana exportation erf wheat in 


MOSCOW - [From out New 
York edition Ge rman captives 
from the Russian front, number- 
ing 57,060 officers and 'men, 
Jiarched through the streets of 
Moscow today (Jufy 17 ^ on the 
««y to prison camps somewhere 

5 5 ? N , ot 551106 A * 6 time 
of Napoleon has Moscow wit- 

.nr«Mlau.K^ j. . • . 


tion and exportation erf wheat m 
order, it says, to prevent .the in- 
crease of tbe Government's obli- 
gations undo- the law guarantee- 
ing the price of wheat. The 
proclamation is certain to stir np 


suen a parade. Napoleon’; 
.urandeAnnce entered thei city .aJ 
co nque rors and left erf tiwjr owi 
escape annihilation 

W ¥ le ffitieS^ffiiieis came as 
posooers guarded on all sides bj 
mounted cavalry and foot sokfier 
with bayoneted rifles. 


. I 


of national purpose. Mr. Carter 
fell from grace after Afghanistan W 
and the Iran hostage crisis. Presi- 
dent Ronald Reagan plummeted 
in approval after the suicide 
bombing of a marine barracks in 
Lebanon and the disclosure of the 
Iran-Contra fiasco. 

What is the American national 
interest in Haiti? J don’t know, but 
I suspect there is much truth to the 
worry (hat the United States 
would quickly win a war in Haiti 

and then be Stuck indefini tely with 
governing this poor nation. 

Foriher hmia of ndihtay action 
are unlikely to be persuasive to a 
regime that has seen Washington 
back down before And if there is 
an invasion, as Mr. Wolfowitz not- 
ed, “the use of force cannot be 
approached in an ex p e rim ental 
way. by dispatching mflitaxy per- 
sonnel to Haiti to withdraw them 
if they meet opposition.” 

Because of its empty threats and 
shifting policies, the Clinton ad- 
ministration has been left with the 
worse of allwodds in Haiti. It has 
not stopped the flow of refugees. It 
has left opponents of the regime . 
defenseless. .It has imposed sanc- 
tions that axe doing. more to harm 
the. Haitian people than to topple 
the military junta. 

Me. Gfinton has been reluctant 
to use his. talents as a communica- 
tor to build a national consensus 
on Haiti, as he has tried to do on 
domestic issues. He thus finds 
himself lacking public or congres- 
sional support for an invasion and 
with no dear alternative to offer. 

Washington Past Writers Group 






I % ••I* '■ 



1 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 




'* r'.. ' 




-- 'W\ 



BOOKS 


BRINGING IN THE HARVEST — Russian women 
farm near Rostov. The harvest is expected to total 90 i 


Cyrabii BbauasReaun 

gout with the grain harvest Sunday on the Kirov State 
i to 95 mflfion tons, down from 99 million tons last year. 


Ailing, Belarus Looks Again to Russia 


-.V- > 


By Lee Hocks tader 

Washington Past Service 

MINSK, Belarus — Fresh from a bril- 
liant election victory, the young image- 
maker for the president-elect of Belarus 
was musing about iris heroes the other day. 

“It's very hard to give up the romantic 
image of Dzerzhinsky,” he said, clearly 
delighted to be discussing “Iron. Felix” 
Dzerzhinsky; the famously brutal founder 
of what later became the KGB in Moscow. 
“Everyone still dreams about those days, 
and hopes that these flhisioris will return.” 

Fond memories of an orderly Soviet 
past are about all that is 1 eft these days to 
inspire the people of Belarus, a fiatland 
republic of 10 million between P oland and 
Russia, where virtually everything has 
gone wrong since independence. 

Reforms have hardly begun, inflati on 
has made a laughingstock erf the national 
currency (known as the “bonny rabbit"), 
half the people live below the poverty Bne, 
and four out of five people are worse off 
now than they were under Communist 
Party rule. 

Small wcmder, then, that the people of 
Belarus voted overwhelmingly a week ago 
in their first presidential elections for a 
bade- to- the-futnre candidate whose idea 
of getting the economy moving again is to 
beg neighboring “Mother Russia” for help, 
while ordering factory directors to crank 
up the assembly lines — or else: 

Alexander Lukashenko, who swept to 
victory with 80 percent of the vote, is a 39- 
y ear-old collective farm boss with no ap- 
parent grasp of the ABCs of a market 
economy. He promised to lower prices, 
halt ibe bardy started privatization and to 
restore personal savings, wiped out by in- 
nation. - . . " • T 


His strategy for renewal? “There is no 
exit from our economic crisis without Rus- 
sia," be proclaimed. He hopes feu- an early 
meeting with President Boris N. Yeltsin. 

Mr. Lukashenko’s pro-Russia rhetoric 
suggests that Belarus may be the first of 
theformer Soviet republics to go bade into 
Moscow’s embrace. After all, not many 
Belarus citizens lobbied for independence 
in the first place. 

Hrmly embedded in the Russian empire 
for more than 200 years, Slavic Belarus 
was a Soviet buffer where people Hved 
relatively well after World War fl, and 
most seemed happy to stay put 

“Our sodetywas still not ready for inde- 
. pendence in 1991,” said Zenon Poznyak, 
one -of the few prominent pro-indepen- 
dence politicians- “We weren’t willing to 
change the old system, and you see the 
result: Our economy has been destroyed 
and robbed. We're on -our knees,” 

' Reintegration with Russia appears to 
offer a way out. Certainly most voters 
believe, as Mr. Lukashenko appvently 
does, that die country’s economic disorder 
is closely related to the Soviet Union’s 
collapse, and, specifically, to severed links 
with Russia. 

At his news conference after victory. 
Mr. L ukashenko said he would press to 
conclude an economic union with Russia, 
mchiding a angle currency, as soon as 
possible. 

He seemed to ignore the objections of 
the Belarus central bank, which protests 
that the country would forfeit its sover- 
eignty if did not keep printing “bunny 
rabbits." 

In Russia, the economic union, under 
discussion for nearly a year, would proba- 
bly help President Yeltaftfend off attacks 


by Russian nationalists who are distressed 
by Russia's dinmlrgn domain. 

Prime Minister Viktor S. Chernomyr- 
din, an ally of Mr. Yeltsin’s, said earlier 
this month that he backed the economic 
union and hoped a treaty would be ready 
by the aid of July. 

The problem is that Moscow, with its 
own economic health still in doubt, may 
not be eager to foot what could be an 
expensive bailout of Belarus, which has 
been pushing not only for rubles but also 
for cheap Russian petroleum products. 

But Moscow badly needs every hard- 
currency petrodollar it can earn abroad. 
Why sell cheaply to Belarus? 

“Chernomyrdin would have to find the 
money, but where?” said Stanislav Shush- 
keviefa, former head of the Belarusian Par- 
liament. “I can't imagine such a process. 
It’s not a realistic discussion, and Cherno- 
myrdin is a realist." ’ 

Huge state subsidies keep prices for ba- 
sics at giveaway levels. A loaf of brown 
bread costs about a penny. White bread 
fetches 4 cents. A bottle of vodka can be 
had for less than SO cents. The real cost of 
these things should be 10 times higher, 
economists say. 

Scams abound. Much of the food is not 
even sold in Belarus but is hustled across 
the border to Russia, where it is sold at 
vast profits by entrepreneurs who return 
no thin g to Belarus. 

To keep the rusting defense plants and 
do-nothing farms afloat, the just-defeated 
government of Prime Minister Vyacheslav 
F. Kebich cranked out cash and credits, 
driving inflation through the roof. With 


.... 




THEp MIDDLE EAST 
Cy EASTERN 
MEDITERRANEAN 






MONEY MELTDOWN: 
Restoring Order to the 
Global Currency System 

Bv Judv Shelton. 399 pages. 
$24.95. 'Free Press. 

Reviewed by 
Rudi Dombusch 

T HIS book offers a passion- 
ate plea for a return to gold, 
the real stuff: actual gold coins, 
not just a simple gold-based 
monetary system. "Money 
Meltdown” is fun. It will please 
those of the creed — the fire 
and brimstone “hard money” 
crowd who want to r das dll 
some discipline in the creation 
of world currencies. 

Its sweeping association of 
paper or "fiat money" with run- 
away government, protection- 
ism, debased money and de- 
bauched public finance is a line 
of fiction that always has a mar- 
ket. In the genre of monetary 
soap opera it is both excellent 
and entertaining. Written in a 
freely rambling style, Judy 
Shelton, author of “The Com- 
ing Soviet Crash,” moves easily 
from Zambia to the Fed chair- 
man Alan Greenspan, from 
Bretton Woods to China. Stable 
money, fiscal responsibility, de- 
mocracy, growth, property, 
rules, reform and prosperity all 
mingle in a grand symphony. 

Shelton's book is very timely. 
Hist, 1994 is the 50th anniver- 
sary of the “Bretton Woods" 
agreement — the postwar fixed- 
rate system that went on the 
rocks in the early 1970s. But 
more to the point, the lack of an 
international system has be- 
come all too apparent Once 
again, the dollar is crumbling. 
Inflation waits in the wings; 
and Congress is urging the Fed 
to interfere with the joyride of 
an election year boom. Surely 
tins is the time for hard-money 
advocates to speak up. 

Of course, the call for a full- 
fledged gold standard will raise 
some eyebrows. Well into the 
age of electronic money, in a 
world where goods and capital 
flow freely ana inflation has av- 
eraged less than 4 percent for a 


decade, moving back to gold 
coinage seems a rather odd sug- 
gestion. In the areas of healing, 
faith and money, a great many 
cranks have had their say. This 
book is from the same mold. 

It is one thing to argue for 
hard-money institutions in 
countries emerging from de- 
structive hyperinflations — in 
Russia or Argentina, for exam- 
ple. or Germany after 1945. It is 
quite another to make the case 
that the United States, Japan 
and Germany must get together 
with great haste to check the 
inflationary urges of bankrupt 
governments. The German 
monetary authorities are des- 
perately independent at least in 
the judgment of their govern- 
ment, which wishes they were a 
bit less obsessed with disinfla- 
tion. In Japan inflation is long 
dead and in the United States 
the only question is whether the 
Fed will announce inflation tar- 
gets publicly or pursue them 
quietly. There is no doubt 
though that the Fed is commit- 
ted to holding inflation far be- 
low previous levels. 

The hero in this book is Lud- 
wig von Mises — a libertarian, 
of the Austrian School. He once 
was asked why, in his judgment, 
the suicide rate was so high in 
Sweden. He replied: “Don’t 
they have exchange control?” 
He is also known as a leader of 
the historic schism in the Liber- 
tarian Mont Pelerin Society 
over the issue of whether the 
British Navy should rent or 
own their ships. The bode es- 
pouses von Mises’s view that, in 
matters of money, governments 
cannot be trusted. Only the 
most strict set of rules, far from 
the seductions of paper money 
and credit, can do the job. In its 
view, gold is the only democrat- 
ic money; it is a protection 
a gains t deficits, inflation and 
authoritarian government; and ! 
it underlies a system of free 
trade around the' globe. ! 

A weakness of the book is 
that it does not share the secret 
that only cranks and monetary 1 
romanticists have favored gold. 
Monetary conservatives such as 
Milton Friedman see the need 


WHAT THEY'RE READING 


• Joan Juliet Bock, editor-in- 
chief of French Vogue, is read- 
ing “ SmiUa’s Sense of Snow" by 
Peter Hoeg. 

“It’s about snow, politics and 
murder. Incredible quality.” 
(Christine Joseph, IHT) 



for a set of rules and will settle 
for automatic monetary targets, 
but definitely not a gold stan- 
dard. President Ronald Rea- 
gan's Gold Commission in 1982 
could not see a role for gold. 

Sound money is not tanta- 
mount to gold. Around the 
world there is a search for mon- 
etary institutions that avoid the 
kind of inflation of 1970s and 
the resulting efforts toward sta- 
bilization, which turned out to 


Page 7 


be very costly. Inflation targets 
along with central bank inde- 
pendence and accountability 
arc decisive innovations. The 
crucial issue at hand is the poli- 
tics of central banking, not 
what stuff money is made of. 

Rudi Dombusch, o professor 
of economics at the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology, 
wrote this for The Washington 
Post. 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Truscott 

J OHN WEI, Peter Shao. and 
Fonda Charne won the Swiss 
Team event for players with 
fewer than 100 master points. 
They had not a single master 
point among them, but now 
have 2.92 each and have joined 
the American Contract Bridge 
League. 

Their fourth player, with 
vastly more tournament experi- 
ence, was Todd Wachsman, an 
11-year-old sixth-grader, who 
had almost three master points. 

On the diagramed deal 
W achsman reached the obvious 
three no-trump contract by an 
obvious route. There was no 
difficulty making nine tricks, 
but he emerged with 12 after 
winning the opening spade lead 
in his hand. Keeping the dub 
suit in reserve for communica- 
tion purposes, he led the heart 
jack. When this produced no 
reaction from West, he put up 
the king in dully and finessed 
the ten on the way back. 

When this succeeded, he 
cashed the dub ace and led to 
dummy’s queen. This made it 
dear that he could score three 
more club tricks, and he now 


led a spade, establishing a sec- 
ond spade trick. Now he did not 
need the diamond finesse. West 
took the spade ace and returned 
the suit, and South collected 
five club tricks, four heart 
tricks, two spades and a dia- 
mond. 

"Do you always make six no- 
trump?” inquired South’s 
mother. 

"I dont’ know," was the 
tongue-in-cheek reply. “I only 
played it once.” 


NORTH 

* J 2 
OK32 
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4KQ765 

EAST 
4 9 7 5 3 
Q64 
0 10 8 7 5 
*42 
SOUTH CD) 

4 K Q 10 
C A J 10 9 
OQ J2 

* A 10 0 


WEST 
4 A B 6 4 
C875 
CK94 
* J83 


Both sides were vulnerable. The 
bidding: 

South West North East 

1 N.T. Pass 3 N.T. Pass 

Pass Pass 

West ted the spade four. 


IMKKMTHtMI. 




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How the North American trading bloc 
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Economies, Biuunejj and Politico 

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GLOBAL DYNAMICS AND ARAB- ISRAELI PROSPERITY 
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EMERGING MEDITERRANEAN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES 
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CAPITAL MARKETS 


la a Year of Discontent, 
Portugal Looks the Best 


N 


%JctoMcCony . • 

Bloomberg Business News 

r”^ORK — It has not been a good year for bond 
investors, but so far, Portugal has offered the safest 
Portuguese government bonds have lost the least 
01 lo largest government bond markets so far this 
. ^ r t a “ere 031 percent in local currency terms, fol- 


m 


andl 1.08 percent, respectively. 

return is based on interest income, reinvested interest and . 

price changes for government 

bonds that mature in more than 0 ______ 

one year. Swedish fannAi haro . 

fared the worst among 
™}or issues. ' 

percent, and Finnish bonds, * * 

If 9 J5?*? nL U * Sl bonds are down 4.00percent 
Portugal has benefited during the global band root because it is 
moving toward abolishing its withholding tax on bond interest 
payments for nonresidents. 

Meanwhile, Swedish bonds are tumbling as the country's budget 
deficit surges and investors boycott. the government’s debt- Earlier 
this month, the Swedish insurer Skanriia Forsakrmgs AB said it will 
Tfaot lend any more money to the government nmfl the company was 
1 convinced the country was reining in its budget deficit 

Sweden’s budget deficit in 1993 amounted to 13 percent of its 
economic output and its national debt amnnnteut to 70 percent of 
economic output The average deficit as a percentage of economic 
output for the European Union of 12 nations, which Sweden hopes 
to join next year, was 6 percent in 1993, according to the EU. 
Greece's deficit was the worst last year, at 163 percent 

In dollar toms, 13 of the 18 bond markets tracked by Bloomberg 
Business News gatnwt as the dollar weakened against many curren- 
cies. Austrian bonds did best, ret urnin g 10.89 percent Belgian "bonds 
earned 10.71 percent and Goman bands earned 1033 percent 
The worst-performing bond market in U3. dollar farms was 
Canada, which lost 11.46 percent • 

• •• 

The sharp collapse in prices in international bond markets is 
likely to leave investors and borrowers jumpy for some time to 


cope, subduing new borrowing in the ahead, the OECD 

said chi Sunday, Reuters reported from Paris. 

“Even if conditions have become somewhat calmer hi compari- 
son with the period when volatility was at its height, a highly 
uncertain envi ronmen t is likely to continue prevmfing/* the Organi - 
zation for Economic Cooperation and Devdopment said in its 
thrice-yeady report on financial market trends. 

Investors have become increasingly defensive, shifting funds to 
cash beddings and buying bonds with short maturities, the report aid. 



THE TUB INDEX 

;.i Worfdtndax 

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of 280 international InvestaUe H 5 77? 
stocks from 25 countries, / 

compiled by Bloomberg 114 

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Intemaiional Herald Tribune, Monday, July 18, 1994 


Page 9 


U.S EU Loosen Microsoft*' s Grip 


By Elizabeth Corcoran 

. Waskagion Pan Sonia 
WASHINGTON — Microsoft Corp. 
has agreed with the U.S. Justice Depart- 
ment and the European Commission to 
end a software licensing policy that the 
two bodies said inflated prices and 
choked off competition. 

The deal, which Microsoft signed with 


meat on Friday, calls for Microsoft to 
^ pnge the way it licenses its popular 
MS-DOS and windows operating sys- 
tems for personal computers. 

“There’s no question they had locked 


man, assistant attorney general for tl 
anti- trust division. “That will end.” 
Ms. Bingaman predicted the deal 
would allow consumers more choices and 
lower prices for operating systems, which 
control die basic functions of computers. 

At the heart of the settlement was 
Microsoft’s “per processor" licensing 
agreements, which the company began 
using in 1 986 and now represent a major- 
ity of its contracts with computer compa- 
nies. Most people do not buy operating 
systems separately , but acquire them as 
part of a new computer. 


Through these contracts, a hardware 
vendor would agree to pay Microsoft a 
royalty for every machine it sold based 
on a specific type of micropressor — 
Microsoft would be paid even if its oper- 
ating system was not included with the 
machine. In return, the company would 
get a low per-unit price. 

The Justice Department contended the 
effect of this system was to discourage 
computer makers from including other 
companies* operating systems on their 
machines. That was because the manufac- 
turer would in effect be paying twice for 
an operating system — once for Micro- 
soft’s and again for the other company’s. 

Computer makers that have these types 
of contracts with Microsoft can renegoti- 
ate the terms. Those who continue with 
the same contracts need not pay Micro- 
soft a royalty if they ship their hardware 
with other companies’ operating systems. 

The settlement also stipulates that Mi- 
crosoft can no longer require hardware 
vendors to pay royalties for a nwiimiim 
number of copies, even if the vendors did 
not sell as many machines as predicted. 

In addition, Microsoft will discontin- 
ue its practice of si gning two- to five-year 
contracts with computer makers. The 
company will stick to one-year contracts. 


which would give computer makers more 
flexibility in moving to other companies’ 
operating systems. 

Finally, Microsoft pledged to ensure 
that when it circulates test copies of its 
software, it will not try to strong-arm 
software developers into signing restric- 
tive non-disclosure agreements. 

William Ncukom, general counsel for 
Microsoft, denied any wrongdoing by 
the company. “We're settling because we 
think its time to put this investigation 
behind us and proceed with a full focus 
on our business,” he said 
The settlement ends a Justice Depart- 
ment investigation that began in 1990 
and is the first major anti-trust settle- 
ment under President Bill Clinton. 

By contrast, the Justice Department 
on Friday allowed AT&T Corp. to pro- 
ceed with its S12.6 billion takeover of 
McCaw Cellular Communications Inc., 
which would create the largest cellular 
telephone network in the country. The 


_ _ ' equal to that of AT&T and that 

AT&T adopt safeguards that ensure its 
cellular-equipment customers — who of- 
ten compete head-to-head with McCaw 
— would not be disadvantaged 


But Chicago Is Window of Opportunity 


By Laurie Flynn 

New York Tima Strike 

NEW YORK — Next year 
when you think of Chicago, 
you may not be thinking 
about deep-dish pizza, Mrs. 
O’Leary’s destructive cow or 
baseball's bumbling Cubs. 

By that point, Microsoft 
Corp. may nave succeeded in 
con vincing you that Chicago, 
the code name for its new ver- 
sion of Windows, is a software 
product you can't live without 

Building on the success that 
brought about an anti-trust 
investigation into the compa- 
ny’s marketing practices, Mi- 
crosoft last month kicked off a 


massive testing cycle of its 
newest operating system. Af- 
ter hattimeri ng out the bugs, 
adding more features and 
malting critical compatibility 
adjustments, the company 
hopes to deliver a finished 
product to customers before 
the end of the year. 

The software company then 
plans to spend more money 
convincing personal computer 
users that they need Chicago, 
or Windows 4.0, than it has 
spent on any product launch- 
ing in its history, although it 
refused to offer specific dollar 
figures. 

Just how compatible and 
bow fast Chicago is we will 


not know until much later in 
the testing cycle, and not truly 
until the program is released 
But based on an early glimpse 
of the work in progress, if Mi- 
crosoft delivers on only half 
its promises for Chicago, there 
will not be a Windows user 
around who will not see it as a 
significant improvement. 

It is not that Chicago is so 
elegant. In many ways, Win- 
dows 3.1, its predecessor, is 
simply so clumsy. With Chica- 
go, Microsoft has gotten rid of 
many of the more irksome 
things in Windows 3. 1, such as 
the FQe Manager and the 
_ lt-characier limitation on 
Je names. Instead of having 


to use the file manager for 
moving files among directo- 
ries, Chicago users simply 
dag and drop file icons inside 
folder icons. 

Such innovations will 
sound familiar to users of Ap- 
ple Computer’s Macintosh 
machines, although Microsoft 
insured Chicago is lately an 
original. “No doubt xt bor- 
rows a lot from the Mac but 
there's just as much innova- 
tion," said Brad Chase, gener- 
al manager of personal oper- 
ating systems for Microsoft. 

The new program includes 
something called a Taskbar, 

See CHICAGO, Page II 


Amid Steel Glut, 
China Considers 
Import Quotas 


BEIJING — China is consid- 
ering limiting steel imports 10 
stop a glut of foreign steel from 
undermining its producers, the 
official China Daily reported 
Sunday. 

Prices could plummet be- 
tween now and next January if 
imports arc not controDed, offi- 
cials from the Ministry of Met- 
allurgical Industry told the pa- 
per. steel prices have already 
been steadily declining since 
April because of oversupply. 

About half of the steel im- 
ported by Chinese companies 
so far this year, moreover, has 
been brought in through unau- 
thorized channels, the China 
Dafy said. Of the roughly 30 
milli on tons of rolled steel im- 
ported into China last year, 
rally about 13 milli on tons were 
thought to have been govern- 
ment-authorized. 

Despite a drop in demand 
from construction sites, China 
imported 10 million tons of 
sted during the first half of this 
year. The 30 million tons im- 
ported in 1993 represented a 
huge jump from the 7 milli on 
tons imported during 1992. 

Last year's import binge co- 
incided with a construction 
boom in China that ran parallel 
to the country's sizzling 13.4 
percent rate of economic 
growth. This year’s imports 
come as the government is lim- 
iting construction to slow the 
economy and trying to balance 
trade after suffering a S123 bil- 
lion trade deficit last year. 

“To stabilize the domestic 
market, the government may re- 
sort to administrative measures 


Will an ‘International Gentleman 9 Lead the WTO? 


By Steven Brail 

Iraemadonal Herald Tribune 

SEOUL. — Soft-spoken and unimposing, the man 
known here as “the international gentleman" would 
hardly seem like the right choice o lead the World 
Trade Organization, the body that is to supplant the 
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade next year 
and attempt to maintain order among an increasingly 
unwieldy group of nations. 

Yet Seoul reckons that its trade minister, Kim 
Chulsu, fits the bill. Mr. Kim, 53, who did his under- 
graduate work at Tufts University and later earned a 
doctorate in political science from the University of 
Massachusetts, was lobbying for the post in London 
and Geneva last week. After a few days bade in Seoul, 


he will head off for 10 days of campaigning in south- 
east Asian capitals. 

Developing countries, the argument goes, have be- 
come ah important force in trade but are poorly repre- 
sented at the top of the World Bark, the International 
Monetary Fund and other international organizations. 

Leading the WTO as it attempts to write trade rules 
for thorny issues — such as services and the relation- 
ship between trade and the environment — would 
require not so much heavy-handed pressure from the 
West as seldom-seen sensitivities. 

Not surprisingly, Seoul argues that South Korea — 
where per capita income has skyrocketed from $87 in 
1962 to $7,500 in 1993 — is uniquely placed to under- 


stand the problems of the developing, as well as the 
industrialized world. 

“More and more, the WTO will have to reflect the 
interests of developing countries,” Mr. Kim said in an 
interview. “It has to be a more balanced organization 
than before." 

Peter Sutherland, director-general of GATT, last 
January chimed a similar theme, calling for a new, 
more diverse grouping than the Group of Seven to 
coordinate world economic initiatives. “Whai is need- 
ed is a body that includes prime ministers, finance 
ministers and trade ministers from the OECD nations 
and from developing countries,” he said. 

Mr. Kira said his priority would be to implement the 
See KIM, Page 12 


Shipbuilders German Government Predicts Increased Growth 
Agree to End 


Subsidies 

Reiden 

PARIS — Major shipbuild- 
ing countries bn Sunday agreed 
after five years of negotiations 
to scrap subsidies to their ship- 
yards, but France rejected the 
deal, negotiators said. 

The accord among officials of 
the United States, European 
Union, Japan, Korea and Nor- 
dic states was hammered oat in 
Paris at the Organization for 
Economic Cooperation and De- 
velopment and is seen as the 
widest plan yet to impose disci' 
pEne on the ailing industry, dele- 
gates said. “If we had failed 
there would have been a subsidy 
war, that is quite dear,” said 
Staff an Sohlman, the Swedish 
ambassador to the OECD who 
preskied over the final round of 
the five-year talks. 

The agreement must be rati- 
fied by all participants and 
would crane into effect on Janu- 
ary 1, 1996, he said. It would be 
reviewed three years later. 

But France divorced itself 
from the pact and made clear it 
would oppose it inside the Eu- 
Jnion, delegates said. 
7 rance argued that scrapping 
subsidies wood place it ala dis- 
advantage to otter countries 
thai offer their shipyards indi- 
rect subsidies, the dek^atas said. 

France alone is not likely to 
stop a qualified majority vote in 
tteEmopeanCouiKilcrfMims- 
ters, but the issue could be 
raised as early as Monday, 
when the Union’s General Af- 
fairs Council meets in Brussels. 

Meanwhile, delegates high- 
lighted the ambitious scope of 
tae draft accord, described by a 
U.S. official as “much more 
comprehensive than any other 
sectoral agreement” 

If ratified, it would be the 
first legacy binding interna- 
tional trade pact ever negotiat- 
ed by ^the OECD, normally a 
sedate economic think-tank. 

“To the extent that die agree- 
ment leads u> a more stable sit- 
uation, it should make jobs, if 
not more secure, then less influ- 
enced by fluctuations," Mr. 
Sohlman said. 


Reuters 

BONN — Germany's economy is 
strengthening in both east and west and 
the recovery will gather pace in the second 
half of 1994, the government said Sunday. 

Western Germany’s second-quarter 
gross domestic product is likely to be re- 
ported up substantially from the first- 
quarter level and from the comparable 
year-earlier period, the Economics Minis- 
try said in its economic report for July. 

That contrasts with forecasts from inde- 
pendent econo m ists, who have predicted a 
slowdown in West German growth in the 
second quarter from the 2.1 percent rise in 
the first quarter. 

The government report said growth in 
the second half should be aided by rising 


corporate earnings because of moderate 
pay deals and cost cutting and by a general 
upturn in economies worldwide. 

“There are first signs of stabilization on 
the labor market, which always reacts with 
a time lag to a revival in economic activi- 
ty,” Gunter Rexrodt, Germany’s econom- 
ics minister, said. 

The worldwide rise in bond yields and the 
weakening of the dollar have not harmed 
the economy so far, the report said. 

Last week, Theo WaigeL the finance 
minister, raised his forecast for 1994 pan- 
German economic growth, saying gross 
domestic product could rise by as much as 
2.0 percent 

Mr. Rexrodt said a recent survey by the 
Ifo Institute for Economic Research 
showed corporate expectations for the 


next few months were more positive than 
they had been in the past 20 years. 

Recent data showed domestic demand, 
exports, imports and output were all in- 
creasing, the report said. 

In Eastern Germany, the recovery was 
gaining breadth and beginning to take 
hold in the industrial sector, where manu- 
facturing output rose by more than 22 
percent in the first four months, compared 
with the year earlier, the report said. 

In Western Germany, the seasonally ad- 
justed jobless total stopped rising in June 
for the first time in two-and-one-half 
years, the report said. Companies were 
beginning to return to norma/ shifts from 
shortened hours to meet rising demand. 

In Eastern Germany, many companies 
continued to shed jobs, the report said. 


to curb rampant imports.” the 
paper said. That would be bad 
news for the world's steel- 
makers which have been relying 
on booming Qiinese demand to 
keep their miltc running. 

As stockpiles mount at Chi- 
nese steel factories, the price of 
a ton of construction wire has 
fallen below 3,000 yuan ($348) 
from more than 4,000 yuan a 
year ago. At this level Chinese 
steelmakers “make little or even 
lose money," the paper quoted 
a government official as saying 
recently. 

The officials did not say what 
kind of measures might be tak- 
en to restrict imports, which are 
already subject to various li- 
censes and tariffs. 

Although China enjoyed a 
S970 million trade surplus in 
June, it still suffered an $820 
milli on deficit over the first six 
months of the year. Many Chi- 
nese economists predicted im- 
ports would surge later this 
year, boosting the deficit, the 
paper reported separately. 

( Bloomberg, AP, AFP) 

Firms Lie 
In Reports, 
China Says 

Compiled trr Our Staff From Dispatches 

BEUING — China's securi- 
ties watchdog will mete oul 
tough punishments after find- 
ing that a majority of corporate 
annual reports were riddled 
with lies and inaccuracy, the 
official China Daily reponed 
Sunday. 

The China Securities Regula- 
tory Commission found 94 out 
of 169 annual reports it inspect- 
ed for 1993 to be deficient in 
mandatory reporting standards. 

The commission will fine 
some of the companies and, in 
serious cases, suspend their 
qualification to issue shares, the 
paper said, without naming any 
of the offenders. 

Fourteen companies listed on 
Chinese stock markets did not 
even bother to submit their re- 
ports to the agency, as required, 
the paper said. 

“Some reports gave no expla- 
nation of big gaps between their 
profit forecast and actual busi- 
ness performance." a commis- 
sion spokesman was quoted as 
saying. "Some changed their 
profit forecasts, while others 
gave deceitful financial indices.” 

Beijing authorities have ad- 
mitted privately that fraud is 
rampant ou the exchanges and 
that regulatory bodies are inad- 
equately staffed and trained. 

The official Xinhua News 
Agency said that 1993 was the 
first year that listed companies 
were asked to submit annual 
reports to the commission. In 
the pasti they were only re- 
quired to pub bsh summaries in 
newspapers, Xinhua said. 

Also, a number of accounting 
firms will be barred from work- 
ing in the securities industry for 
submitting poor audit reports. 

(Bloomberg. AP) 


Irish Pottery Business Brings an Old Mill Full Circle 


SMALL 

BUSINESS 



By Thomas Crampton 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

RENNEI T SB RIDGE, Ireland — 
Just downstream from a stone hump- 
back bridge that crosses the river Nore 
an old water mill dominates the econ- 
omy of this village. 

The once-abandoned mill now 
bouses a thriving pottery studio run 
by Nicholas Masse, the son of a local 
miller, and his 
wife, Susan. 

Where locals 
once lined up to 
bring grain or col- 
lect flour, tourists' 
rental cars now 
pull up to buy tra- 
ditional Irish 
spoageware at Nicholas Mosse Pot- 
tery. Tourists snap up handmade cof- 
fee mug at £6 ($10) each, a pittance 
compared with the $25 they are sold 
for in up-market Manhattan shops. 

By employing 35 people in a village 
with a population of 600, local offi- 
cials credit the pottery studio for cre- 
ating a “pocket of employment” in a 
country whore file national unemploy- 
ment rate is 15 percent. 

Mrs. Mosse, an American, said the 
pottery studio owed its success to a 
great product and her husband's 18- 
hour days. 

For Mr. Mosse, the journey from 
Benneusbridge to Tiffany’s began in 
school, with a love of pottery. 

His father, a miller until retirement, 
told his son to avoid the family busi- 
ness and encouraged his interest in 


pottery. After training az the Harrow 
College of Art, Mr. Mosse appren- 
ticed in England, France, and Japan, 
developing a keen interest in local 
traditional potteries. 

When be returned home to Ireland, 
Mr. Mosse decided to make 
spongeware. “It was the only Irish and 
Scottish tradition which was available 
at the time; also it is one the few 
techniques that you can say was tradi- 
tional and common in the last centu- 
ry,” Mr. Mosse said. 

Spongeware, originally called spud- 
ware, was named Tor the patterns of 
dye pressed onto each piece with a 
cut-out potato. Often a single motif, a 
star or fern leaf, is repeated around 
the pottery. Now, the patterns are 
usually pressed on with a sponge. 

In the beginning, Mr. Mosse worked 
alone in a cow shed next (o his family’s 
house, producing 100 pieces a week. “I 
very nearly went broke," he said. 

After a year or so, as sales picked 
up, he hired an apprentice to increase 
production. But the exacting nature of 
the work means that slow growth is 
inescapable, 

“Training is slow, and clay is a 
really weird, sort of live substance,” 
Mr. Mosse said. “If you don’t know it 
by instinct, you can make so many 
mistakes. You just can’t start, like in 
other businesses, from a high altitude. 
You have to start right on the ground 
and work up." 

In 12 years, the pottery outgrew the 


cow shed and moved across the road 
to the Bennettsbridge Mill, an unoc- 
cupied building where Mr. Mosse’s 
family had ground flour for more than 
a century, until the 1960s, when the 
family business merged with a milling 
conglomerate. 

“The move 10 the mill was a very 
conscious effort," Mr. Mosse said. 
“We wanted to use our traditional 
decorating technique, spongeware, 
done by labor from the village and at 
that stage we developed an Irish clay 
which we dug ourselves, so it basically 
made a nice story.” 

Even the energy was homemade, 
powered by a hydroelectric generator 
in the mill race. Once again the Mosse 
family harnessed the power of the 
Nore river. 

The hydroelectric generator has 
mined out to be a boon for the studio. 
The kilns are fired at night on energy 
generated by the water that is supple- 
mented by cheap electricity bought 
from the national power grid. During 
the day, the generated electricity is 
sold bade to the power company. The 
net result is that the studio’s energy 
costs come to nil. 

Since the move to the mill pottery 
sales have grown to £650,000 per year. 

Although roughly 4,000 pieces are 
now made each week, orders continue 
to outstrip production. This situation 
prompted an examination of manufac- 
turing methods. “In the early stages 
everyone had 10 do a bit of evaything. 
Now we are much more specialized. 


We have trained decorators who only 
decorate,” Mr. Mosse said. 

While initial sales were mostly to 
locals, the customer base widened af- 
ter Bord Trachtala, the Irish trade 
board, launched the Mosses into trade 
fairs to help them sell internationally. 

Mrs. Mosse eventually decided the 
operation needed more publidty, so 
the couple spent what they considered 
a small fortune to publish a color 
catalogue. The studio now spends 10 
percent of grass sales on promotions. 
Much of that goes into photography 
and printing of the catalogue. 

For publicity, the Mosses have relied 
on two trade fairs — in Dublin and 
Birmingham — and one occasional ad- 
vertisement — a page in the Aer Lingus 
in -flight magazine. 

Bui the days of homegrown market- 
ing seem numbered. The Mosses re- 
cently acquired an American agent, a 
Japanese distributor, and are going to 
the New York Gift Fair this summer. 

Plans for the near future include 
branching out from pottery into fab- 
rics decorated with the spongeware 
designs, specifically aimed at the 
American market 
According to Mrs. Mosse. the move 



principles, 
want to keep it very exclusive, veiy 
well-made," she said “You can’t get 
huge — you just can’t." 

Articles in this series appear every other 
Monday. 




---.I" •' 




. » in-TtfWL. 1 - ■ • - ■> 


OQ H 9? (1 00 tf -J ■ E3.B Uiujkn 





Page 10 


MUTUAL FUNDS 


INTERNATIONAL 


TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 


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955 *4)4 HYBdp 114)0 - EurnEq 3026 +78 TXTFp 1173 +4)5 2GrowApl672 +.16 

957 -73 irtlGrp 1753 - 48 RJCBsn 39.10+1.44 USGov p 659 +4)5 2Gnn*Cp1664 +.13 

1471 +.18 Smca 572 +4)3 SmCo 1176 +.09 Utntlesp BA7 +.10 2TaxEx 11.19 +4H 

1151 +4» TE Inc p 1378 +4)7 TxFS 10.15 +4H VATFp 1171 +4M- 21ncPlAttic9.92 

855 +4)5 EwHween Funds FmHorGvt 1038 +.12 lFrankBnMsdTr: | Idex3 1631 +.11 

1279 + 71 Evrumn 1474 + 76 Rr.HarMurl073 +.13; OsaQual p 2185 +4Ht H=lxtnA px 8.92 

1973 -77 Found in 1242 -4H l%« AiW FtN A: i InuGrodep85& - 4)6 I IDS Group: 

072 -JOB CIO Ren 1155 -JO AstAUo 1079 +4»| WisDiy p 1474 -JX1, BluCpp 679 +57 

1BJ5 +40 LtdMMn 2047 -4»| flatanp 1056 +.11 iFmthet Tempt I Bmflp 690 +4W 

973 +.10 MunCAn 10.06 -4B Equity p 1679 + 78; GcrmGvlPX 13.10 _l CATEP 5.17 +4M 

1154 +70 MuniFn 10.19 -JH EqtdxP 1051 -.12 1 GlabCurpxl64H-.13| DSp 757 +.11 

HUM -4)3 Muni I ran 9.« -.11 F/dtncn 1059 +.101 mndCurpiaSl +.0?! Otswp 1049 + 71 

1 170 —.01 Retire nx 114)7 — JD GovBdp 9.10 -JD7| HHncCur ftl J5 — 4)5; EauOPlp 1040 +4H 

974 -4)6 Totfttnx 17.6s —M 1 Inline n 957 -4M i Fremart Funds Exhlnp 61J —51 

854 + 72 VcfTmn 1579 -.19 1 Irtlp 10.11 -.14 Bandn 9.47 +4)7 Fedlrcp 486 +4)2 

t ExcelMidas 3.68 -.11 LtdLnc 9.86 -JO; Gtobdn 13.04 -.18 GtobBdp 578 - 4M 

1632 + 73 ExlnvHlp 73! S’ AMgSecp 951 -JM Growth n 1072 -72 GloGrp 657 +.13 

17.95 +.16 FAM Vain 1971 -.12 MunSdP 1079 -415 I InflGrn 978 +.16 Growth e 1777 +71 

2379 -75 FBLSeriM: ResEaP 1159 +74 > CAInt 1048 +.06 HlYdTEp 646 +40 

649 — JM BlChiol 1853 - 73 SMdcp 1635 - .19 1 FundTrcsL I InsTEp 579 +4M 

978 -Jfl Growth 1 134)6 - .14 1 Fint Amer FdsC: I AauresrilSTi -76 mtlp_ 1071 +72 


SI Gov 10.14 -JMitDEXGrouie 
SmCaiGrblTO -Jli Idex 1750 +.13 
TAGav 1059 +.11; 2G(0bAp 1134 +77 
TxAdHY 114 -40 2GW)Cp 15.18 +77 
TXTFP 1173 +4)5 I 2GrawA p 1672 +.14 
USGov p 659 -4)5 2Gnn*Cpl664 +.13 
mmka.0 B57 +.10 2TaxEx 11.19 +JM 
VATFp 11 J1 » 4M • 21 nePlA 0*9.92 


679 +JP 
690 +4M 
5.17 +4M 
757 +.11 
1059 +71 


1S76 -4*5 

957 +57 
1851 +71 

953 - .09 
1871 -77 
M2 +55 
853 +57 
1604 +73 
10.99 +JJ7 
751 +.«1 

958 +4)7 

853 +.10 

1072 -56 
953 +57 


GBM0IT 2U6 +.47 
ScEen 3650 +55 
IncEan 2754 +75 
9urtGvnl774 +4)6 
MMisn 1552 +.16 
SIBmd 1976 +54 
GfcQpptnl959 +79 
Banan 2073 +73 
liHEq n 37im +51 


5TWCt 9A 
SCITAn 107 
SFTAn 95' 
TXITAn 95i 
Vahjelnf 137 
VDRMWplXTI 
VaiueTA 1371 
VAtTAn 10.6 


1976 +54 NIBond W 
1959 +79 NatnRI 15.71 
2073 +73 NJGwth W7t 
VM +71 TXFret 95! 
sds USGvtnr 95! 

953 +4)8 NeuberaerBera 
1077 +JM AMT Bed nl 64 
957 - +53 Genesis 75: 


StcBt 753 
TxFBt 9J5 
GtOpCt 1879 
TxFCt 955 
RxCt 1073 
FOACt 954 
GvSCt 9.43 
UndCt 853 


958 +57 FXtUnc 953 +58 Neuberaer Bera 
853 +.10 NY TF 1077 +4)6 AMT Bed nl 64 

1072 + 56 STFxSnc 957- +53 Genesis 7 X 

It 953 +57 TREq 1253+1)2 Gdan»in 1851 
It 1824 +21 Mark Twain Fds LWMafn 97) 

953 +59 Equity 973 +54 Mpnhatn 105< 

853 +4)7 Fxdhtcm 9J4 +.11 MUST 1U 

>1551 +72 Muni 9.99 -57 NYCDCn 9 Si 

1094 +417 MartelWatehFdf: Pmtnran 2tu: 

753 +51 Equity 9.9S +53 SoESoWn 23.11 

9J& +56 Hextnon 93* +53 UttroSdn 9M 

1879 +70 IntFxtn 951 +4)7 NewAitar 2891 
955 +416 VAMuBd 972 +JO NewCatfp 115! 

1073 +56 Marouis Fuiris New England Ft 


Monhatn 105 
Must toji 
NYCDC n 99. 

SSSSSSji 

.UlfraSdn 9 A 


1073 + 56 
954 -SO 
9.43 +58 
853 + 57 


Marouis Finds 

GvfeqeA 953 + 58 


Growth) 1356 -.14 j Fint Amer Fds C: i 

HiGrBdr 1055 +.18 AStAOn 1079 +.10 ! 


Exhlnp 613 —51 ImdCt 853 +57 
Fedlncp 6B6 +52 PTxfCt IflSS tXO 
GMbBdp STB -58 StcO 752 +51 

GloGrp 657 +.13 KIARF 957 

GrowthB 1777 +71 KkMn Group; 
HrYrfTEp 646 +40 ARM GvA 1155 
| InsTEp 579 +54 ARMhtSlA 1178 +51 


954 +.10 
952 +.15 


953 +.12 
952 +JKS 


Gvtlncn 974 +55 


Eqlncom IB59 +71 
Income 1SJ8 -.15 


CmGrA 1666 +.12 
GvinA 1257 +4M 
GwthA 1644 +77 
MuincA 1662 -.17 
CosGrBt 1479 +.12 


Income 2171 +74 GvInBl 1258 +4M 
Triflax 1516 +.16 GwlhBt 1631 +76 


APIGrpnf 1113 +75 


=xln n 11.50 +.11 Am Puiklf IIL 


IncGrBt 1577 - 72 
MuIncBt 1664 +.12 


Trendp 1138 +.12 HiYBdl 10.00 *52 Ekttoncei 

Vduep 19.94 -.17 Monad t 1171 -.11 Ealdxn 

Detcapp 2357 -74 FFB Loxlcwc ! Fxaincn 

Decinp 1671 +72 CapApp 11.16 -70 GovBdn 

DecTRp 1178 +.17 Fxdm 9.94 -.10 Intlncn 

Detow p 17.93 +.15 IrrtGv 9.94 -57 Infllnstn 

mtl&ip 1251 +76 SdV0Jueflll56 +.19 Ltdlncn 

DgchAp 659— JW SsnOoGr nlft.97 +.15 MlgSecn 

USGavtP 7.92 -51 FFB Ea 1019 -54 MunBdli 

TreasAp 971 *53 FFBNJ 1050 + 56 RetjEair 

TxUSAp 1252 + 55 FFTWFMidB 5pecEar 

TxinsA p 10.99 +57 USStwt 9.93 - Stock n 


Batanoenlt>56 -.III Grolnpt 1559 +.16; 
Ealdxn 1049 -.111 Incop 9.75 +53 
Fxaincn 1058 -.10 1 MBdTRpfll.16 +57 
GovBdn 9.10 - 57 /FundameMcd Funds 
intlncn 957-561 CAMgnnp7.9* -57 


Aaares PI1571 +76 Intlp HU1 +72 ARMInstBUTB +.01 MidCapn 972 +76 

Gwthp 1176 +.16! MpdRp 11.17 r.16 1 AstAPB 13.15 +.14 sflncn 974 +4)3 


MSUSAp 27! 
BoUpiAp 117j 

BdlncA 117j 
CATFAp 73 
CopGrApl62i 
GkibGApUT! 
GrOpAp 1 253 
GvScAp 185! 


fltoSSP 
Midi p 
MNTEp 
MllHp 
NYTEP 

S5S P 


578 +JD5 

579 +4M 
5.19 -54 

1255 +.17 
5.15 +JK 
1185 +.19 
579 +53 


TalnlAp 1079 +57 
TxPdAp 879 +.06 


AccMcxiull7l -.11 Bond 9^ +57 ctx>Mkid* n 1 0.84 +.11 DimnsionaiFds 

ShtlnlFx 11.91 -55 Eauilv 1177 +.15 Capptaeo Rustamare: Irmvaln 1075 


ShnnlFK 1191 -55 EaiXv 1177 -.15 CnvMhi Rustamare: 
Acomln 15.91 *76 IntBd 1072 --0S EmgGr n 38L56 +.10 

AcrnFd 1353 +70 InlmTxF 1QJM -5S Grwlh 1179 -71 

Adsncap 20.03 -76 AmUltFd n 19.91 +76 CacoielUlt 853 -4)9 
AdvCBalp 1050 +.12 AmwvMut 775 -.13 Capstone Group: 
AdvCRelP 955 +.12 AnaMShTGv972 +.0* FundSW 1577 +.17 

AdvMIAdvunl: Anolvlicn 1?.?4 +.14 Gvtlnc 681 +81 

Govt np 8.99 *.06 AnChCOP 1952 * 70 Nterfb 17.19 -70 

Gwthnp 1A09 -.14 ApthemGr PI056 + .01 NZkxxl 1077 +72 

HYBdp 8.73 _ AdUHaFunds NJaptn 854 -.07 

Inca no 1277 -.10 AZ TF 1073 -57 US Trend 1273 -.17 

MuBONctt 970-58 CO TF 10.18 +.05 Cardinal FamUy: 
Soara 1973 -50 HI TF 11.14 -5* AogGfh 972 +.15 

Astrra Advisor KY TF 103* -.05 Batowcwl 9M -.10 

Aetna) 1058 -.11 NrgnstTF 9SO -5* Fund 1252 -.11 


CnnjilnBo Rush more 
ErrigGr n 10-56 +.10 
Grwlh 1179 -71 
CappMUtt 853 *59 


Gvtlnc 681 -81 
MetKs 17.19 -70 
NZkxid 1077 + 72 
NJrexn 854 +.07 
US Trend 1173 -.17 
Cardinal Famir: 
ApgGtti 972 +.15 


FxdM 9.W -.10 mnnen 957 -56; CAiwun np r.9* +J07; nrrifeo s.ih +56 unbOA 1522 -JA 

IrrtGv 9.94 -57 Infllnstn 1011 +.131 NYMuinpl.03 -.02 1 NewDp 1385 +.19 GbFxB 1272 +.11 

SelValueflllTd +.19 Ltdlncn 956 + 53: US Gov n 171—51) Ohiop 5-29 +53 G&FxA \Z22 +.11 

SmCOGr nlfl.97 +.15 MloSecn 951 *55 j GAM FUndS: I PlKMIp 856 +79 GvtAt 1355 +58 

FBEa 10.19 -54 AflunBdl n 1059 -.05 Global 13651—1.93) Progresp 657 + 59 IntFlA 1153 +.10 

FBNJ 1070 + 56 RegEctn 11.89 -75 Infl 19616 —.14 1 Select P 856 + 58 KPEt 23.12 +.19 

FTW Funds SpecEqn 1679 -J8 PocBns 19175 *479 i Stock p 1970 +78 MurtBdA 1073 +59 

US Short 9.93 - Stack n 16JM -.18 IgE Bhm SIS: ; StrAoaf 1330 +.10 5mCanA 9.92 +51 

wwHeda 973 +4)2 First Amer Mutual: 1 DiversMnlU6 -.14 1 Sh-Eqt 97S +.13 Umdmarft Fuads; 

WWFxdln 973 . DfvrGrp B58 -57 ! Glaboln 1679 - 74! Shine I 579 +54 Balroin 1370 +.12 

MB Funds: Eair.ro p 9.92 +581 Incomen 1152 -.10 SirSTt .98 . Eauiivn 1637 +.11 

DivEC P 1151 -.10 Manglnc p 950 +52 5&SLnbnia94 +59 SSrWGt 572 +.17 [rfflhC 973 +59 

DivEI 1151 +.10 FsIBosiG 9.19 -59 | 5&SPMn3655 *79 1 TE Bod P 354 +.04 InHEq 1258 +70 

IrrtGC P 9.94 +57 FslEaairr 1692 * 70 1 TcnrEx 1178 -56 ; Ulfl me p 678 +.13 NYTFnp 1056 +58 


NChlln 2553 
NkWncn 371 


nyjn r Hindi — 

irrhvd ri 1075 + 76 DivEC P 1151 +.10 Mangli 

USLrg 1353 -.14 DivEI 1151 +.10 FstBoslO 

llS5ml 878 -.11 IMGCp 9.94 +57 FstEapli 

US 6-10 n 11.14 +.14 iraGI 9.94 -4)7 FrjfFdE 

Japmn 2951 *55 MiTFp 1070 + JDS FrstEtfTi 

UK n 2352 +77 JVUTF I 1070 -4B FlHwMu 
COnfn 1553 +71 FRAFands: Rrsllnvi 

DFARIEsllfl74 + 58 Coat 19.19 -.16 BIQliP 

Filed n 101.11 +79 Newlnc 10.48 -JR GtablP 


Trusts n 3370 -70 ItSiFtaxlK 


MuBONdl JJU -58 CO TF 10.18 +55 Cardinal FamOr: 

SDCInp 1973 - 50 HI TF 11.14 -4K AogGth 972 +.15 

Alton Advisor KY TF 103* -.05 Bata newt 9M -.10 

Aetna) 1058 -.11 NrgnstTF 9-50 -54 Fund 1272 -.11 

Bondr 9.73 +57 ORTF ItU3 +55 GavtObtiS 858 -JfeS 

Gflncam 11053 +.12 TxFUT 979 + 57 CarflCa 1256 +.0? 

krttGrl 1157 - 77 Aquinas Fund: CamegOHTE959 +J13 

TctxFree 971 + .06 Balance n 972 + 59 centum Funds: 

Aetna Select: Eqlnen 978 +.04 EqGrwCn 9.62 +.16 

Aetna n 1049 -.11 Fxlncn 974 +.10 FedSInCn 979 +4)5 


_ GOd 9858 + 170 

US Trend 1273 -.17 Govt n ian.76 +50 Peren 2177 +.17 

Ordinal Finn ftr: IrrtGv 10678-154 Falmfln 2613 -.19 

AswGth 972 +.15 InflHBM 1255 +70 Fasdana n 1 776 +76 

Batanoed 954 -.10 LCaoInt 1!M *75 F«d mated Funds 
Fund 1272 -.11 PocRim 1672 -JO ArmSSpn 956 +412 

GovtObfm 858 -414 USLuVal 10J7 +.19 Arm In 956 +52 

arUCa 1256 +.09 USSmVd 1157 +.13 Exctd=dn7171 *55 


10JO +55 FrstFtfTot 9.46 - .S3 ' GE Funds 
1070 +4)5 F1HWMU 1074 - 56 ' GtabdC 1693 +77 
IrtTSl Investors: lncomeCnM53 -4)9 

19.19 -.16 BtOiipp 1577 - 70 IntlEaD n 15.06 +J1 

10.48 +417 Gtablp 6.16 -.16 StrogC 1571 +.16 

1193 +51 Govtp 1050 -53 1 USEaDn 1554 -.13 

2177 +.17 Groincp 675 -57 1 GE USE 1552 +.13 

2613 -.19 HighYd p 550 _ 1 USEaA 1551 -.12 

1776 + 76 Income P 190 — 51 jGTTIavst: 
r aods tnvCrdp 93* +59 EaSpcrl 19.46 -75 

956 +412 LfeBCP - TFNaHn 9.98 -57 

956 -32 LHeHYn - TxFrVAnlOJB +4)6 

7171 *55 USA np 1158 + .15 I GT GWxd: 


Eauitvn 1637 +.11 
Iritinc 773 +59 
inflEa 1258 +70 
NYTFnp 1056 +58 
USGvn 973 +415 


Muni pn 1072 +417 LamllavestoR 
NoAmp 970 +.10 Aloe P 1671 

Trstp 955 +.11 COPAP 28.19 


IntlEaDn 15.06 +4l indOneGT 977 +4)8 
StrogC 1571 + 36 ! Mepoudance Owe 


Aetna n 1059 -.11 Fxlncn I 
AriraiGrn 852 - J5 Arch Funds: 


FedSInCn 979 +55] 


Baton n 4576 +7 9 
lncomenll.il +.12 
Stack n 5355 +79 


9.93 +54 DamSockil 1257 +.12 


Bond n 974 - .07 Bal 976 *55 CentumGP 873 +.11 Dromon Funds: 

Growth 1071 -71 EmGrth 1153 +76 CntrvShrn 2252 +.12 1 Contm 1351 


Growth 1071 -71 
Gmvinco 1053 -.12 
inrtGrn 1159 +77 
SmCoGr 9.98 +.13 


GovCorp 9.91 +4M GhCapBC 13JM -415 
Grolnc 1252 -M IchesGrth 1261 -70 


1355 + 73 
1653 +72 


SmCpValniiJM +.16 fst n 


Arm In 956 + 4)2 
ExchFd n 71 J1 *55 
FigilSn 10J2 +4)5 
FSTIlsn 873 — .01 
FGROn 2178 -4)8 
FHYT n 858 —52 
Fmsn 9.90 -SB 
FITSSp 9.90 -52 
FsigtlSn 1031 +53 
FsightSS plG.31 -JD 


MATFn 1157 +54 
MITFP 11.96 +58 


1157 +4M CHeshit 14283+179 DrevtUS: 

1033 -M I ChicMilw 014615 + 54 | A Bandn 1355 


Aher Funds: USGov 1033 +.03 ChicMilwn 14615 +54 

Growth! 19J9 +57 Anratnan BJ7 +33 ChubbGrtn 16M +74 

IncGrr 1171 +71 AlkintoGr PlQ.76 +.12 OwhbTR 1532 +.17 

MiOCcGrtllTS -75 Allas Fundi: CBpporn 4854 - 58 

SmCap 1 7076 -J7 CAJnsA 9.94 +4)2 Colonial Funds: 

AlSoacoCap: CaMuniA 1052 +59 CaTE A 7.03 +JM 

Aflance P 679 -.08 GvtSecA 957 -.10 COnTEA 777 + 56 

Baton p 1127 -.11 GrolncA 1244 -73 FedSac 1075 +.10 

Batons 1 1610 -.18 NaMuniA 1053 -JU9 FL TE A 776 -54 

BondAP I2b3 -.12 BB&T Funds FundA 7.96 +58 

cratvinv 10L39 +.10 BrfTrn 951 +.12 GfaEqA 1271 +76 

CpfldBp 1273 +.12 GrolncTn 114)7 +.11 GrwthAp 1257 +.12 

CPfidCp 1273 +.12 IntGovTn 979 +58 HEYkJA 675 —412 

Count p 1655 -73 NOntTBn 955 - 54 lncomeAp615 -JM 
GIOGvtBp B7B +.03 SIGavTn 971 -.05 IntGrA 1071 -.18 

GtoSAP 1174 -.17 BEA Funds AAATxA 776 +55 

Govt An 755 + 55 EMfcEf 2154 +51 MITE A £50 +.04 

GavtBp 75S +415 InflEa 1976 + 57 MN TEA 698 +.04 


rt8p 755 +35 
rtCP 7415 -5s 
Jnc P 229 - .02 


7415 -56 MuriiBd 1697 +57 
229 -.02 StoFxIn p 1576 -51 
2039 +.18 USCFxIn 1*71 +.15 
74415 + 71 BFMShOun 975 +4M 
2038 -.10 BJBGlAp 1175 +.13 


GrlncBp 278 -4H BJBIEqAp 11.14 
GrlnvB 1170 +.15 BNYHamHOK 
InCOBWC 971 +.06 Eqtncit TO77 
InMAD «73 +.10 intGavt 939 
InvJVuiB 973 +.10 NYTEn 9.94 
tnsMCo 933 -.10 BabsanGmue 
IntlAp 1870 - 74 Band L n 172 
irrtffl 1871 -73 BondSn 974 
MrtgAp 851 — 51 Enteral n 1650 
MrtgBp B51 -51 | Entrnn 1678 


Butaaifirm: 
Bond L n 172 


TO77 +.13 


Irrtffl 1871 -73 BondSn 974 +5J 
MrtgAp 851 — 51 Enteral n 1650 + 75 
MrtgBp 851 -51 Erttrpn 1678 + 75 
MrtgCD 851 — 51 Gwthn 1251 +55 
MfgTrAp 957 +51 toll 1673 + 75 
MtgTBo 957 . Shadawn 974 +4U 

MtoTrCP 977 . TaxFrSn 1075 + 53 

Mlttot 174 _ ToxFrLn 878 +55 

MMSAp 857 +53 UMBBn 1079 +57 
MMSBI 607 +53 UMBHrtnVJS +.07 
MCAAo 9.91 *58 UMBSIn 1567 +.13 
MuCABp 9.91 -50 UMBWwnllJM +78 

ICATA 1256 +.11 Di versa n 1275 + 74 
MullCAB 1257 +.11 InflEqn 614 +.12 
MINBp 959 + 59 IrrttRn 832 +73 
MuOHCp 979 -.10 BOM Funds 
MuNJBo 972 +59 Aifilnc 975 —5! 
MUNJCC V7T +4ffl fflChtoP (172 +.13 
MNYA 977 -SO CapDevplZT 6 +74 
MuNYBo 977 -SO BT: 

MuNYCP 977 + 57 InstAstM n 974 +.10 


MuCABp 9.91 -58 
WluCACP 9.91 -57 
MuFLCp 957 +58 
ICATA 1256 +.11 
MullCAB 1257 +.11 
Mlkfflp 959 -JH 
MuOHCp 979 -.10 
MuNJBo 972 +59 
MuNJCp 971 +4S0 


COnTEA 777 + 56 
FedSac 1075 +.10 
FL TE A 776 +4M 
FundA 7.96 +58 
GtaEqA 1271 +76 
GrwthAp 1377 +.12 
HTVIdA 675 —412 
incomeAp6i5 -JM 
IntGrA 1071 -.18 
AAATxA 776 +55 
Ml TEA 680 +.04 
MN TE A 698 +.04 
NatResA 1270 +.27 
NY TE A 600 -4)5 
OhTEA 759 +4M 
SmStk P 17.15 + 77 
SlrttncA 652 -55 
TxExA p 1357 +4)5 
TxinsA p 757-4)5 
USGrA 1156 -.12 
USGvA 650 -4)2 
L/lilA P 11.94 +.10 
CA TE Q r 7.03 + .04 
CTTEBI 777 +56 
FedScBI 1075 +.10 
FLTxBt 776 + 54 
FundBi 7.96 +58 
GtlEaB 1278 + 76 
GwttiBr 1372 +.11 
HYAAuBI 9.77 +53 
HYSecBl 675 —52 
IncameB 6.1S +54 


A Bandn 1375 -.16 
Apracrei 1*76 -.16 
AssetAUnl253 +59 
BeAncd 1375 +.10 
CalTx n 1*73 +.12 
CaUrrtn 1359 + 56 
CTIntn 1274 + 55 
DreytUi 12A9 -M3 
EdBtnd 1176 +.14 
FLIntn 1353 +55 
GNMA npl432 +.08 
GnCA 1112 +.11 
GMBdP 1450 +.14 
GNYP 1953 +.15 
Grlncn 1674 +.19 


F5TI SS P 873 — 51 I 


NJTFp. 1250 —58 
NYTxFr P14J2 -4)7 
PATFp 1226 +4K 
SMcBd 1179 — JD 
SpSIP 1680 +53 
TaxExpt p 9.B0 -JH 
TaTRetp 11J6 +.12 
Ufillncn p 614 + 417 


10.80 -53 I USEaOn 1554 -.13 Opparrp 1055 +.11 Modlp 1044 +.« 

675 +57 1 GEUSE 1552 +.13 StatGvTP 956 +53 SpGrp 1674 +79 

550 _l USEaA 1551 -.121 TRBdp 944 + 52 TfBdp 1171 +55 

190 — 51 IGrriavsb TR Grp 1136 -5£ Laurel Trust: 

974 +59 EaSpcrt 1946 -75 tnvKah 475 + 53 Birincidil 95 5 + 59 

_ TFNaHn 9.98 -57 InvSerCMM: Intmton 3038 +57 

J TxFrVAnlOJB +JM CapGrl 1253 +51 S&PSSOn mol +.10 

114M -.15 1 GT Global: 01X850; 14.01 *09 Stack n 1757 +24 

147 -54 I Amer p 1956 +44 USGvt 948 + 53 Lazard Group; 

1.96 +5@ EmAAkr 1601 +70 tovesco: Equity 1616 +.19 

250 -418 1 EmAAktB 1553 +.19- Dynmp 104)1 +.16 toflEg UIB +36 

43? -4)7 1 Europe p 1674 -Jo I Emarfflpn1l55 +.17 inflSC 10J2 +57 


GfirreSSnlOM +4M ( VATFp 12.11 -JH 
GnmaSp 1050 -54i FirstMur 847 +.19 
FtotSSp 3 632 +.05 First Ontario: 

IAATIS 1044 - 53 Equity n 10.64 +54 
AAidCOp 1052 +72 Fxdlncn 956 -.11 


ftlS 1044 - 53 Equity n 1064 +54 
idCOp 1052 + 72 Fxdlncn 956 -.11 
edAornl0J» -.12 SlFxton 958 *4)6 


GwlhOp n 1072 *415 FkteBv Advisor: 
lnsAAunnp1748 +.19 EqPGR 27.96 


tosA!Umnp1748 ‘19 
imernin 1350 -SH 

InterEap 1129 +70 
InvGNn 1452 +4)9 
AAA totn 12418 -JH 
AAA Toxn 1575 +.14 
MunBd n 1275 -.12 
NJInfn 1357 -55 
NJAAiXin 1355 +.10 
NwLdr 3354 +75 
NYlTxnp 11,18 -JH 
NY Tax n U.98 +.11 
NY7EP 1755 *M 
PttOPlndflSJO +.17 
PeoAAidm1645 + 74; 
ShlnGvn 10418 -52 
STIncon 11.92 +4M 
ShlnTp 12.97 -51 

tS 


MedAorniOJiS -.12 SlFxton 958 *4)6 Jcwn 
AAgdGI n 10 06 -.07 iFFDvAstp 1240 -.11 JcxxnGrB 13.71 
MaOGmnlOM *.10 FPMu8dp)U3 -53 ' LotAmG 3174 
Artgtflncn 18JH -55 First Priority-- I Lot Am 

AAaxCap I1J4 -.12 EaurtyTriilB76 -.10 ! PaOfp 
Minicap n 1174 -.17 FxdlncTr 9.73 -5B j Padffi 

ShrtTerm 10.16 +.02 LtdAAGv 9.72 +4)4 ! StrdAi 

US Govt n 956 +.13 FirstUninc i SiratS 

STMTS5plO.lt -53 BalTn 1158 +.11 TeieB 
SBFAn 1614 +.13 BaiCtn 1159 ..11 j Teiecoi 

ndcfilv Advisor: Bafflp 1158 +.11 Wldwp 

EqPGR 27.96 -70 FLMufliC 973 +.13 1 WktwB 


I EuroB 1056 + 79 Energy n HUD +.12 

' GvfncA 857 *33 Envimn 626 —57 

| GvtocB 857 +.13 Brawn 12.91 +41 

GrtocAp 612 +.12 FinSvcn 1550 +76 

! GrtocB 612 +.11 Goidn 547 +51 

1 HBCrB 1752 -49 Growth np 5.13 -04 

HilncB 1258 +.13 Hlffl5cn 31.96 +45 

1 HlIncA 1259 +.13 HiYldnp 6J3 —51 

1 HlthCr P 17J2 +49 IraJInco npllJD +.12 

I Infl p HITS -78 IMGavn 1116 +55 

Inna 10J7 +78 InflGrn 174)1 +79 

Jopcxip 1351 —52 Leisure n 2146 +78 


Energy n 1070 +.12 SmQxi 1572 + 78 

Envimn 626 —57 SpEa 1578 —51 

Europen 1191 +41 SngYd 945 +53 

FinSvcn 15 jS» +76 LebenNY 747 + 57 

Goidn 547 +51 LeebPern 1073 +4)7 

Growth np 5.13 +4M LegglMosen 


EmAAMA 1155 +56 Stack n 9.75 +.18 LMTimAHJO 

EmAAkia 1151 +55 VaSHqn 1076 +75 AAQSSTApllV 

GbEqBn 1457 +74 AAothersfl 1444 +.16 TxExAp 77 i 
GfcEqCn 1474 +73 McocDSFundc VolueAp 7JE 

GlbEoA 1672 +74 EquBVPrtll37 +4)7 BotanBT 11 J1 

GfcFxB 1272 +.11 Income f 1076 +56 CopGrBt 161! 

GtoFxA 1222 +.11 LoureotpnreJl +58 IrifEqB f 1631 

GvtAt 1355 +418 MentGttl 1258 +.12 VOueB 7 Jt 

IntFlA 1153 +.10 MeMSirn 11J5 +71 NawuSAp 117) 

KPE t 23.12 +.19 AAergerFd PKL5B +57 Wchcrtm Group: 

AAurfiBdA 1073 +4)9 MeriSksin 2691 +70 Ntetwin saw 

5mCapA 9.92 +71 AAerril Lyndc Nchlln 255! 

andmaiV Foods AmertaA 854 +51 Nkhlncn 37! 
Bal rein 13.70 +.12 AdiRAp 971 +53 NchLdn. 175! 

Eauitvn 1477 +.11 A2AAA 1872 +5? r^bobn Applm 

tonne 973 + 59 BatA 1148 +5 BaiGthB 13® 

InflEa 1258 +70 BasVIA 23J1 +78 CoreGlhA127l 

NYTFnp 1054 +58 CAIAAA 947 +.11 CoreGrthB125 

USGvn 953 +415 CdAAnA UTS +.10 CareGrlRltlU 

ntxal Invasion CopFdA 2693 *31 EmgGrA 1154 

AlOC p 14J1 +.1S Consult P 1359 + 72 EmgGrB 114! 

COPAP 2H.19 +42 CpkfiA 772 —52 EmgGrlnsHTS 

■rasp 1277 +59 SwGdA 1151 +.10 IncGrA 135t 

Into 1175 +74 fjrtTA 114)7 +58 toCGrB 3J1 

MocO p 1044 +.06 DevCw. 15417 +71 WWGrB 554 

SpGrp 1674 + 79 DrooA 1555 +51 WWgr 611 

TfBdp UJl +55 EuroA 1579 +75 Nomunan 84! 

nurd Trust: Fed5ecAp978 +58 North Am Fandt 

Bafncdn 955 +59 FIMA 932 +.71 AflAflCpnlliM 

Intmton 3078 +57 FdFTA 1344 +75 GKjrO 16B7 

S&P500n 1051 +.10 G1AIA 1344 +.17 GrwttiC pnU6J 

Stack n 1757 +74 GJBsJA 977 +.16 GriKC pnl244 

azardGroapc WCvA 1054 +.13 USGvtAp 945 

Equity 1616 +.19 Gfl-tdA 1376 +74 NetnvGrn 2446 

Mia 13.18 +76 GRsA 1551 +48 NetovTrn 10.18 

InflSC 1022 +57 GflJtA 1255 +78 NertbaraFUBdB 

SmCta 1572 ‘78 GrtRA 1878 *73 Rxton 9J8 

SpEfl 1578 — .01 HeatthA 374 +55 GrEqn ial5 

StrgYd 945 +53 Instlnp 9J4 +.04 tocEqn 957 


1671 +.15 
COPAP 28.19 +42 
hasp 1277 +59 
Into 13J5 +J4 
Modlp 1044 +.06 
SpGrp 1624 +79 

TfBdp 11J1 +55 

Laurd Trust: 

Bafncdn 955 +59 
Intmton 1078 +4)7 
S&PSOOn 1D51 +.10 
Stack n 1757 +74 


CorsGthAlZJi 
CsreGrth8i25: 
careGrtmtiTJ 
EmgGrA 1154 
EmgGrB 114! 
EitreGrtoslOTI 
IncGrA 1340 


TVnerLd P 952 +54 
GbIGovt PXV.91 +58 
Gvtlndrv 955 +53 


952 +.71 AstAttConllJJt +.14 
1354 +75 GK5ro 1457 + 70 
1344 +.17 GrwttiC pn 1667 +.19 
977 +.16 GrinoCpnl244 +.16 
1054 +.13 USGvtAp 945 + 4)5 
1376 +74 NetnvGrn 2446 +72 
1551 +48 NelrwTrn 10.1a +4B 
1275 +78 Northern Funds; 

1878 *73 Rxton 9J8 
374 +55 GrEqn HUS 
9J4 +JM tocEqn 957 
1147 +73 toTraxExn9.97 
9J6 +.11 InflFxftin 10.13 
1076 +50 totGcEqn 1043 
1548 +52 IntlSelEqniaoi 


InlGavn 12.16 +55 HiYld px 1452 ^15 
InflGrn 174)1 +79 1 InvGrnp .944 +59 


HeatthA 374 +JH GrEqn 10.15 
Instlnp 9J4 +JM tocEqn 957 
injIEaA 1147 +73 totTaxExn9.97 
MIMuA 9J6 +.11 InflFxftin 10.13 
AANMuA 1076 +50 tntGrEq n 1 043 
LatAmA 1548 +52 lnflSdEqnl04l 
MrrtnsA 7.92 +56 SeiEqn 9.90 
MuaLtdA 956 - SmCpGrn 952 

MuhlTrA 957 +4)4 TxExptn 9.98 
AANattA 10.14 +58 USGovtn 957 


JopmGfB 13.71 — 412 PocBasn 1672 +77 
1 LotAmG 2174— .18 SellnannpAlt ‘53 
I LatAmGB2I55 —.19 ShTrBdP 946 +54 


PaOfp 1149 + 76 ' 

PaOffi 1377 +74 

StrdAP 1IW7 +.15 

struts 10.97 +.14 


SBFAn 1614 -.13' 


1643 +43 1 Utfln 
1674 +43i Vdl& 


EqPGR 27.96 -70 FUviun'rC 9. 
EqPlncA 1578 *74 1 FxInBpx 9J 
GlbKesc 1754 * 30 FxtoTnx 9J_ __ 

GovlnvAp9.l8 +.11 HiGdTFBOlOTB -.11' 
GrwOPPP2548 -70 HiGdTFC N078 ‘.11 ! 
HIMuAall48 + .08 MnsdTnx 9 j 
! HlYWApnllJS - NCMunCt 9J 
tocGta 14.72 -70 USGvtBa 9J 
LWTERA p9.93 -54 USGvtCr 9J 
LtdTBRA 1046 +55 UfllityClx 9. 

LldTEl 9.93 -4M VOueB p 17^ 

OvseaP 1402 -77 ValueC to 17J 
JTfio 932 -M3 vafueTn I7J 
StratOpA p204M + 76 Flag Investors: 

Fideflty Insittut: ErnGtha 16! 

EqPGl n 2874 +71 totlnp «.! 

EqPlln 1547 - 74 IroTrp lli 
IShlGv 944 +54 MMunip 104 
LtBln 1047 +55 QuaWrp 124 
Fxle«y Invest: TeltocSti PI2J 


FxInBpx 950 - Ml 1 GabeS Funds: 
FxtoTnx 951 -52 ABC P 1615 -415 


Wldwp 17.11 +76 InvTrfJvtBI B5S +50 
WktwB 1697 - JSllsfeiFdnp 1655 +.11 
tobeNFundv JPM tashh 


tnwgrnP ,944 +59 MNattA 1614 +58 

Md^P 15J0 +59 njma 1876 ‘4H 

PATFP JH' NYMTA 1158 *58 

&XJJY"! 3 3J3I ‘■■35 POCA 2331 *70 

«3 +54 PAMA 10.92 +.10 

PhnxA 1116 +.11 

M SpVlA 1698 +.12 

aS - SHDvA 12J4 +74 

- STGlAp 870 +JD 


tolnvnp 2625 +J8 

ShTrBdP 946 +414 J^rlrtTP 1473 +54 
TXFreenpi577 +56 lTowrenpl37i -Ml 
Techn 2246 + 47 . VariYnp l|ffi +74 

TatRIn 1852 +.19 Le{*«A 9.93 

LfSGavt HP 7417 +4W L ehBrSGA 9.94 

Utfln 951 +.17 LrfitotonGris 

ValEq 1778 +.14 OwSecn 1158 +.12 


Asset np 2256 - 76 ‘ 
CanvScpnl147 ‘4H| 


CL* M47 +59 
GNMAn 754 +417 
Gtobdn 1631 +75 
GokJtdn 673 +77 
Gthlncn 15.94 +.18 


1056 +58 Narwest Funds: 
1158 * 58 AdnjST 942 

2331 *70 aSgovA 942 

10.92 +.10 COTFA 943 

1X16 +.11 GvfincTr . 695 

1698 +.12 GvtlncA 695 

I2J4 +74 tacomeTr 944 

870 +JD tocomoA 94S 

349 + 59 TFtocA 955 

1044 +.11 TFtocT 955 

852 +55 VreuGrA 1759 

951 +4D VatuGCT 1758 


MnsdT nx 944 -55 Eatoco 1137 +.17 
NCMlXlCt 954 +.12 1 GHrrtCPn 1015 *.11 


NCMunCt 954 +.121 
USGvtBD 938 +58 1 
USGvtCr 978 +58' 
UfllityClx 9.19 -52 
values P 1740 +57 
ValueC hi 1779 +56 
.vafueTn (7J9 -.04 


Oivwsifd niS.ff? +.10 ®JJ[" cn *•>■ BaBt 1159 


IntGrB 1626 +.18 Drerha Oa msi u cfc 
MATxBt 756 - 551 CapValA 1143 - 


Diversan 1275 + 74 
InflEqn 614 +.12 


NOIResBM669 +77 
NYTxBt 688 +55 
OHTxBI 759 +.04 

SSSf :S 

TxExBl 1357 *55 
TEInsBt 7.97 +55 
USGrBt 1159 +.12 

$%?' iff* 

totomtato Fundv 
Balance n 1742 +71 


CapValA 1143 -52 
CapVdB 01146 -.02 


ess. & 

FLMunA 453 
GtilnvAn 160 


PaMRy iMflhd: EmGtoo 1697 -4)9 

EqPGl n 2674 +31 totlnp 9.98 +.10 
EqPlln 1547 + 34 imTrp 1346 +30 
IShlGv 944 +54 MMunip 1622 +.07 
UBIn 1047 +55 QuaiGrp 1273 +.09 
FideNy Invest: TellncSh pl258 +70 

AgriFm (1 40 +55 TmRTsv p 945 +.11 
AMprn 1446 +.14 Value p 11.17 -.12 
AMgiGrnl359 +.15 Flagship Group: 
AMorfn n I0J2 *58 AATEap 1054 *58 
Batonc 1ZJ2 +.19 AATECp 1655 -58; 
BtuaCh 2533 + 56 AZTE A p 1639 *58 
CAIran 946 -JO CTTEA p 1613 -.07 
CATFn 11.19 -58 COTEP 958 -57 
Canada n 174)4 -42 FLTEp 1032 +58 < 
CevAPP 1636 -72 CATEApIOJO -58] 


GlCanvn 1046 -56 
GtTei P 94)6 *15 
Growth no21 J5 +78 
SmCopG 1656 +71 
Virtue p HJl +.18 
GMaxy Fields: 

Asset All n 1055 + 59 


+.11 I STBondn 949 +4)2 
+4»l SmoftCon 9.92 +.15 
+ .151 SeEqtvn 1677 — 53 
+ 78 Jadaan NaUaaafc 
+ 71 Growth 1047 +.12 
+ .18 I Income 949 + 58 


TechA 549 +4)9 TFtocA 955 

TXMA 1044 +.11 TFtocT 955 

WkflncA 852 +55 VreuGrA 1741V 

AOm 951 +53 VbtuGrT 1758 

AmerinBf 844 +5l Nuvegn Funds: 
AZMBt 1032 +59 CAtatx 1617 

Bafflt 1159 + 72 CAVelx 1616 

CaSftS , | f?75 tS Mtoix 10S 

CA*MB 9.47 +.10 MDVtrtx 9.B0 


CTMun 942 +57 JamFUlA 
EqGrth 1348 +4M BalaiKwJn 


EqGrth 1348 
EafVal 12J5 
Eqlncmn 1245 
HiQ Bd 9.94 
IntBd 943 
totEatn 12.98 
LargeConUAS 
AAA Mu n 947 
Munffld 947 


Balanced nl257 +.07 Si 
Entarpr n 2135 + 33 ^ 

MS— ffl :£ S 

Fundn 19.11 *32 mS 
Grthtoc 1611 +.15 
InlGvt 448 +52 Ltttt 

8S5L.H :fl iE 


ill 

! ■ n m a 


Group: AAAMun 947 -4)6 Mercury 1239 +7a 

P 1056 * 581 Munffld 947 +.05 Overseas n9.93 +.16 
p 1655 -58; NY Man 1633 +4)6 I ShTmBO n 190 +51 

p 1639 * 58 ST Bdn 944 -541 Twen n 22J4 +30 

p 1613 -.07 SmollC»n1732 * 7?i Vtnlrn 4756 +53 

1 958 - 57 SmCor.qnlUS -70 WrtdW 2558 + 49 

1 1032 +58< TEBondnl636 + 4)6 JCtoanFd n 17J6 —.01 


Gflllnc . 1662 +.131 
TFBoSd lflS +57| 

isr .8^2 t: 9 i 


_ 9.47 +.10 MOVirtx 940 

rrwra 

in 15J5 +40 NJVtrtx 9.97 
iit’StS NYvSx 1617 

k 1 , lis :S ’ta 

st JS til 0VBnUto VJV> 


GIBdBt 977 +.15 
GICvBt 10.90 +.12 

CrtRBt 1741 +72 

KS^.'i^tS 


krt941 +.16 
WI615 +.17 
VH977 + 59 


Cootoconr9.l6 . 

8 11*4466 +143 IntTEp 1609 + 53 GlrtewairFimds: 
2972 +41 KYTEAp 1042 +59 IndxPfn 1543 

n fSJ9 +.15 (CSTEp 9.77 -.10 SWRWG 1343 

I 1737 * 72 LATEA p 1046 -.10 GnSecn 1239 
II 2852 + 36 LtdTEp 1057 + 53 GtoteIGmap: 

1 1872 -.19 MITE A p 1178 -4B Erisanp 2679 

Hnl236 +78 MOTEAP1045 + 59 GinTtFdn 1153 

P 1154 -31 MITECP11J7 -jn G lenmede Funds 
rl546 -39 NCTEA p 1602 -SO Eauitvn 1392 

1642 - 77 NMTEP 9.62 +.10 InlGavn 1051 

32JI - .46 NY TE a 1034 - 58 Inrn 1451 

1872 -78 OHTEA P 11.17 -57 Muntotn 1603 

16J8 -.17 OHTECp 11.17 -57 SmCapn 1371 

n!173 - 77 [ PA TEA p 1051 -4)6 OtreeintA 948 
19.75 -44 TnTEAp 1673 -58 GakttnocfcDDAl 
9844 +42 UlflAo 943 +.12 GoUflMB Sachs F 
19.10 -38 VATEAp 1078 -.09 AstoGrtti 1634 

1048 -.18 I Flex Funds 1 CapGr 1575 

1625 - .08 | Bond np 1933 - ' Gtolnc 1148 

1040 -JH ; Giblnon 937 - Oil Grlnc 1612 


NMuAp 948 -JH Inst£alxnl042 +.11 

NHMuCd 948 +58 InvIntTFn 1602 +54 

NEurAp 1256 + 35 lnvlnlEqn13J6 -36: 

NEurBn 1232 * 35 tovLGvt 9J9 

NAGvA B54 -56 lirvQlfln 955 +79 
NAGvBp 654 -56 InvEqlx n 1636 +.10 
NAGvC 854 +56 BoronAstn 2696 +49 
PrGrthA0U48 +.14 Barflail Funds: 
PrGrtoBpll 78 +.13 BascVln 1572 + 31 

OusrAp 21 J7 +37 Fixedln 9.78 +.05 

ST Mia p 575 ‘.04 ShTTmBd (1946 -53 

STMIbt 575 +.W VI Inti 1258 * 73 

Tech a 25-76 - 04 BascomBd 2251 -.15 
Wldlncp 147 - BavFundsInstt 

AmSautti Funds: ST Yie« 941 +51 

BalancexllJ4 -.10. Bandn 9.65 +.06 

Bondx 1049 +55 Eauily 1046 +.18 

Equity x 1677 -.17 Bayfimds Invest: 
GvMnx 940 -52 STYieidn 941 +41 

LMMotx 10.10 +52 Bandn 945 -46 

RegEqx 1648 + 42 Eqpityn 1046 -.18 

Amanatnc 174)3 +.16 BeucH® 2736-45 
AmbasaadarFld: BSEmgDbt 859 - 40 

BtrtncF 956 -.07 Benchmark Funds: 
Bandn »39 -JH Balanced n 9 J7 -47 1 
EsJCoGrnl545 -48 BondAn 19410 +.16 
Growtn n 1276 -.16 DivGrAn 1608 -56 
IdxSIKn 1148 - .12 Eald/A n 1044 -.11 
IntBandn 9.42 -47 FocGrAn 9.93 -58 
IrtlWkn 1244 - 32 IntlBdAn 2075 -M 
SmCoGr nl2J3 +.13 lnflGrAn 1044 - 36! 
Ambassador tov: Stottorn 1000 -41 

Bandn 9J9 +.09 SiBdAn 1951 -.13 
EstCaGrnl543 -47 SmCoJA 10.87 -.17 
Grwflin 1274 -.16 IfSGvAn 19.44 -419 
HicoBdn 104)4 _ USTIoxAn 1941 -.19 1 


Grth n 

InltStk n 1356 + 79 
Mun'n 11.90 +.06 
ReEEqn 1254 -JH 
Soedn 19.14 -.19 
Common Sense: 

Govt 1073 -416 
Grolnc 1539 +.18 
Growth 1696 +.11 
MunB 1376 -JH 
CDm pass CapHafe 
EqtVlncO 1246 +78 
Fxdln 10.15 -.11 


NJMun 1058 + 46 
5hrttot 1033 + 4B 
GampotfoOrauK 
BdSlkAp 1142 -.10 
GwthA p 1272 -.11 
WlFdAp 559 -JH 


-.10 G«nvAnTl60 +.18 
GtotovBt 15*5 +.18 
+ 31 GfimaA 1604 +47 
+72 GnmaBt 605 -47 
+.10 MAAAunA 152 +48 
+ 413 MDMunA 250 +.10 
+51 MIMunA 539 +.10 
+ 39 MNMunA 678 -.11 
+ 46 MOMuBI 250 +.10 
+ 49 MuBdBI 1183 +.11 
-.19 MuroBdA 342 +.10 
NCMuA 2J8 +.14 
-JM NCMuBt 2J7 +.15 
+ .18 NYMunA 4.13 +.10 
+.11 NYMuBt 613 -JH 
- JH OHMuA 2J3 +.08 
OHMuBl 2J3 +.08 
+38 PAMunA 64)5 +.14 
-.11 PAMuB 11654 +.14 
+.13 TXMuA 2056 +31 
+37 VAMuA 1653 +.19 
+ .11 VAMuBt 1503 +.19 
+ 46 Dreytus Strategic 


Excn Fan 9854 +42 
FldelFdn 19.10 -38 
Fifty 1048 -.18 


S ATEA p 1070 - 48 1 USTreosniaU +48 JPCopApprl639 +73 LTMFIVd 9. 
IdRUo 159S -.IF j Utility 948 +.10 JPIGB 972 +.12 UrrtTrmo 9. 


IndxPfn 1553 
SWRWG 1353 


Growth p 15 

fep l \ 

MATE 11 


Equity n 1 
InlGavn l< 
Inrn 1. 
Muntotn ( 
SmCapn T. 


ip I a 

158 -47 SPCOPSB 7.67 +.11 b5 

'*! +47 SrrlncAp im +41 Nat 

isFinly: ! StrlncB 744 + 41 usi 


Ltadner Funds: 

:j si rr«:s 

♦J7 Fundn 2244 +40 


1575 + 32 J Hancock 
1188 -.171 AvTedi 


StrlncB 744 + 41 1 US Govt 
TtarExp 1044 -JOB LordAUMO: 


Growth n 1241 +.» 
Gr&lnn 1253 +.15 

SsJi- 

SSS?r r s :s 

US.GOW..656 +4)3 


GMdB 1299 +34 Oberweisp 1591 
LatAmS 15.40 +411 OceanTE P 1031 

MAMBt 1039 +.11 OfHhyn 943 

MlMuBl 9J6 +.11 OWIntl 161! 

MNMBt 1076 + 58 OkBtomfti 1951 


MutotB 957 + 44 Eainan 154 
MNatIBt 10.14 +48 Win 17J 
NJMBI 1056 +48 LowOurn 9.! 
NYMnBl 11418 +48 One Group: 
NCMBt 1511 +.10 Aset AH P 93 
OHMBI 1041 +49 BUieCEq 123 
ORMunfflt933 +.10 OscVal 122 
PacBt 2250 +77 Eqtodx 113 
PAMBI 1042 +.10 Gv Arran 93 
PhrotBI 1249 +.11 GvBdP 94 
STGIBt 520 +43 toc£q 135 
SpVIBt 1657 +.11 InoomeBd 93 
StrDvBt 1274 +35 IntFxl 9J 
TectiBt 558 +58 IrifTF 10J 


CloBdn 1201 -.181 
GvtSecn 951 -59 I 


Growth np 1306 -.01 . IrrtlEq 


1512 -31! 
1636 +33 


46 GIGrp 3635 +51 
4» Growth p 41.15 -70 
Income n 1339 +.13 
.10 InvA 1956 + 40 
.11 InvBI 1955 - 39 

. 49 Dupree Mutual: 

BondAn 1940 +.16 NW50Apl439 -JH InlGavn 7JI -.11 
DivGrAn 1058 -M TxExAp 744 +4)6 KYTFn 737 -56 

EaldxA n 1054 -.11 USGvA p 9.99 -.11 KYSMfn 5.18 -4H 

FocGrAn 9.93 -58 Conestoga Funds EBi Funds: 

IntIBdAn 2075 -44 Equity 165S +32 Equity p 5589 -37 

lnflGrAn 1044 -36 Inan 1607 +.10 Fte»P 5298 -56 

StoOurn 1000 -4! LtdM* 1041 +46 toenmep 4647 -34 

SiBdAn 1951 -.13 Conn Mutual: MnWftxp 3958 -58 

SmCalA 1057 -.17 Govt 10.12 -.10 ESCStrlnA 9.88 +45 

USGvA fl 1944 -419 Gtwttl 1676 -.12 EatoaVOassic 

USTIoxAnl941 *.19i Income 945 - 45| Chilian 615 -33 


Mutftoprf S75 .1 Muni toe 1359 -.11 


GroCo 2759 -74 Fonttflnen 1630 - 419 SelEa 1547 +30 1 GtobBt 
Grolnc 2256 -70 Forth Funds 1 SmaCap 1975 —101 GllnA 

HiYld 11.94 -4)7 AstAllp 1JJ9 - 31 I Gokknon Sachs Inst: 1 GtobRx 

' iraMunn 1132 -JH ConApp 2Q99 -38] AdGv 952 - 42 1 GJTcch 

IntBd n 1605 -JM| Ccaftl p 174)7 -79. GovAg 953 -41 | GoidA 

InfwGvrn 9J7 -53 1 FiQicrp 2855 -Ml ShrfTF 949 +4B GoWBt 

InflGrtn 17J5 -38! GibGrthp 11*9 -.18 1 ST Gov 9.73 -53 PacBos 

tovGBn 7.11 -45! GovTRp 503 -JMiGovStBnd 2056 -.18 1 RsBkA 

Joocnnr 1555 -.02! Grwihp 2657 -J2 ;Gavett Funds j RgBfcS 

Lot Am r 1355 — 57; HTYldo 833 —55 DvtpBd 512 ♦ JH , J Hobcoc 

LtdMun 9JS -.06 TFMN 1032 -.07, EmgMk 1677 -44 1 AchA 

LowPrr 1753 + 34 1 TF Net 1054 -.10 QGvtn 586 -JH AchBt 

WUTFn 1135 +48] USGvt 698 -57 1 IntlEa 134)3 +38 BalAp 

MN TF n 1663 - 4* • Fortress tanreh 1 PtcSta 937 + 70 Bnfflo 

Magettan 6640 + 1.35 1 AdiRii 950 -.0). SmCos 1546 — 31 < BondAi 


Jopannr 1555 -.02! Grwttip 2457 -J2 

Lot Am r 1355 —57 • HiYld 9 523 — 55 

LtdMun 975 -.06 TFMN 1032 -.07 

LowPrr 1753 + 34* TF Met 1654 -.10 

Ml TF n 1135 + 53; USGvt 198 -4)7 

MNTFn 1663 - 4* • Fortress im* 
Magellan 6640 - 1.35 | AdiRii 950 -.01 


AvTedi 1043 +.16 
EnvmAp 532 +.12 
GilnBt 695 +.14 
. GtabAp 1330 +J8 
I GtobBt 1111 +37 
I GllnA 696 +.14 
1 GtobRx 1534 +30 
GiTech 1669 -30 
GoidA 1454 - 34 
GoWBt 1652 -33 
PacBos 1535 +45 
RtjBkA 2273 +31 


AffiVdP 1056 +.14 
BandDebP9.19 +41 
DeveKlhP9J7 +34 


Gakfflt 1652 
PacBos 1525 
RSBKA 2273 


avett Funds ! RgSkSt 2235 + 31 

DvtpBd 512 +4)9 ,J Hancock Soveren: 
EmgMk l*J7 -44 1 AchA 1144 +4)7 


1546 -31 1 BondAn 1631 + 


Grwflin 1234 -.16 USGvA fl 19.44 -419 Gtwttl 1676 -.12 

HicoBdn 104)4 _ USTIoxAnl941 -.19 1 tocome 945 - 55 

llttBond n «42 - .07 I Befltiom Group: : TalRef 1192 +.12 

IWIStkn 1232 -71 1 AOCovn 93* -5| CGCapMktFdS 

MlYCDrfw Ol C - 71 T 1 r«TCI n lftTfl ^ fl* 1 — O JfQ - *17 


MTTFBdn «75 -.07! caTFIn 1679 -j 
SmCoGr nl!73 -.13 i CaTFIn n 952 *J 
TF Bdn 1055 _ I CaTFSn 1059 -j 

TFlmBdniai6 -561 CdTFHn 9.03 +J 


Ambassador Ret A: . 

Bond: 939 - 09 

EstGJGr I5A3 -.07 


CoTTFL n 10L82 -.09 
EcGron 1155 -.12 


EmaMfcf 849 -37 NaflLtdp 956 +4)4 
IntrFxn 7.92 -4W NtrtlMreip 9.19 +4B ' 
InflEa n 1069 -35 Eoton V Maraitwa: 
InrtEx n 5a -.15 I CAL Id t 1053 +4M I 


iMkttod nr 33.75 - 35' Bondr 9^ - 57 iGvtEolyn 2245 +34: BomJB 1631 +.10 1 valu t 
MATFn 11.18 - on EatocFSril31 -.10 Gratfson McOonoW: invAp 14JI *.t4|Lna»i 

NUdCrem 9.97—51 GISim 331 -£* • EsfVdpr2168 -36, InvBp 1430 +.13 1 BroHi 

I MtgeSecnlOJI -.07 1 Munlnct 1051 -.10 i Govlncp 1245 +.11 | USGvAp 956 +.10] Fund 

Chtoao 615 -331 Munctfn 7.98 -56. NYMur.it (054 -.13 1 OH TF e 1259 -.12, USGvBI 955 +.10 1 Lncwt 

FL Ltd P 953 - 55 NYHYn 11.75 -4)8 ( OH Fort p 1099 -.12 ' OppVoIp 1756 +36 J&VBal 1253 -.15 , Mre' 

GovtP 933 -.04 NYlran 1134 -53 Ufilr 1219 -.15 GHMNTE 9.79 -JHIKSHtor 1 1204 -JH I OppG 


NewMktn 9.72 -JH • 44 Weil Eo 5.9S -4)3 GWIotTE 1611 -59:KSUWunU 1134 - .05 MAS 


*■-» Deve«Glhp9J7 +34 
Ed 1990 P 1611 +31 
13^9 *-S FdVahiP 1174 +.13 
■3-' 1 GIEqp 1254 *75 

iIJS ’’•is gl 1 *" 872 +.11 

, l K5 GovHecp 170 +51 
-.M ToxFrp 1679 +57 
!fS2 TFCTP 958 +57 
1452 -33 TxFrOrtplOTS +4)9 
1|25 +45 TFFLP 670 -54 
tfmop 459 +jn 
,2235 +31 TFNJp 5JM *53 
-"TOW* TaxN Yp I0JS +56 
«« 9J5 +56 

1152 - JO TF PAD 455 + 53 
10M *.|0 TFHlP 479 +53 
‘-JS TFAfll 675 +413 
’'■JS TFWAP 450 -413 
jJ) ‘■•15 Ve4uApppll46 +.14 
H+i ' li LrrtoemnBro: 

'H2 *'12 groHiYd 952 +.01 
9^ ‘-10 : Fund 1754 +.18 
”•12 1 lna *P p 839 +.10 

+59 OppGt 742 *39 


STGIBt 520 +53 

SpVIBt 1657 +.11 . „ 

StrDvBt 1274 +25 IntFid 9J7 

TectiBt 558 +58 imTF 1654 

TXMBt 1044 +.11 InflEa n 1192 

unmet 52s +.10 locogt . 115s 

WldlncBt 851 +55 LaCoVtrt 1141 

*^AUrt f 1U2 +4M OH Mu 

%£££%£ :S ffig? ( tS 

Grt nt vm . IllCbrcp 9 59 +58 

WUeSlaraSE lllCwNC M +58 

CoaAnA 946 +.1B OFPadnmerFd: 
CapAoB 940 +.18 AssetAp 1149 +.13 


tocEq l 
InoomeBd 




945 + 55 
675 +55 


BmMSpUJO +.16 

rat 


CopApC 951 +.18 
EqlncA 114M -JH 
EqlncC 1(53 *59 
EatovstATlTl +.14 
EqlnvCp 1176 +.14 
GovSecA 636 +.06 
HDncA 614 -51 
HilncB 612 -51 
InlEqAp 1058 + 31 
I nttSC 1686 +31 
IrrttEaC p 1691 +32 
mtlFxtof 533 +.15 
MadAstB 563 +.13 
MfldAstA 846 +.13 
MgdAstC 566 +.13 
TaxExA 741 -JH 


CATE A pi 059 +.11 
OWHYP 1244 —51 
DiscFdp 3343 +58 
EqlncA p 947 +.13 
EdtncBt 943 +.13 
Gffliop 17.97 +3S 
GIGrp 1688 +36 
GtobEnvo 9.92 +.10 
GtobaiA P 3652 +J7 
GtotrtBt 3627 +.76 
Go« p 1347 +46 
HBYWA 1355 — 51 
HBYWBr 1349 -51 
tosTEAp 1641 +.17 
hrtrTEp 1636 +50 
tovGrAp 1636 +59 



NewMffl II JO -38 | Forum Funds: 


Gree rao mgM.H — .16; Kmifmon nr 3J1 


79 MJMuftic 1651 ‘56 
! Midwest: 


751 +55 LTGovApl052 *53 


toflFxn 840 -.15 
LgGrwn 945 -.11 


1156 -48 
1511 -56 


Grwlh 1234 -.16* GNMAn 1619 -56 

toiSond 942 -571 Gotdln n 1153 -30 


EurBdn 1591 -.23 MtgBkdn 7.«9 -4)7 FLLtdl 1611 


IntlSIh 1252 -31 
SmCoGr 12.72 -.13 
TFInfBdt 10.16 -06! 

Amcore Vintage: 

Equity 1036 - .07 j 
Fxlnco 972 -.08 I 
InidiTF 9.91 -.06] 

Amer AAdvunh 
Baton n 1234 -.14 
Equity n 1345 -.15 


IncGron 1652 -.12 1 SmVcrtn 
LTreran 599 -.171 TflRton 
MTFIn 1055 -.04 Gxflevn 
NlTFLn 1133 -.10 Oxtfand 


STTrresn 9J7 +.03 
Tar1995 n 94.46 -75 


Muni n 501 -4)6 
SmGrwn 1143 -35 
5m Vain 8.10 -.12 
TflRton 747 -.08 
COoievn 1954 -.16 
QxeFunds: 


BotanAn 1053 
EqlOX 20.97 


TorTOQOn 6777 -42! GIBdAn 9.13 -.11 
Tar2005 n 4631 -.93 I GrEaAn 939 -.15 


4)6 MALM! 9.77 -JH 
35 MILtdr 947 +54 
.12 NolflJdt 1016 -.04 
.08 NJLtdt 1053 +JB 3 
.16 NYLMI 1058 -55 
PALtdt 1613 -55 
.091 ALTxFt 1616 +JJB 
.191 AZTxFt 1070 +58 
.11 ARTxFI 1054 -.09 


Equity n 1355 -.15 TarMIS n 23.96 -41 ! lnflGrAn 1356 - 36 CTTxFt 9.98 -57 

IrthEotv n 1274 - 79 I Tar2020n 16.45 -48] ValEaB pn 12.93 -.18 Eqlnt 1074 - 53 

LHTTrmn 93i -.031 TNaten 10 Jo - W ICowenOaA 123* - J* RoTxFf 10.49 -58 J 

Amer Capital: | Uliltocon 935 -.12 COwenlGrA 10.95 -.15 GATxFt 9J4 +56! 

CmstAp 1548 -.18 1 Barger Group: lOobbeHusoa: Gevtomt 972 -54 

erratgp 1549 -.18 I loapn ILBa -72 , AstAIIO 1253 -.17 ffllncl 7.16 —.02 i 

CpfidBo 6.(41 -58 I 101 pn 1109 -.14 EauOVD 1198 *38 KYTxFt 9.80 -.09 1 

CarpBdA p 6 a 0 -.07; SmCoGr 24! -54! ORMunM233 -415 LATxFl 9.99 -53 I 

EmGrCP DJlfl -44 Bernstein Fds , Specialn 1245 —.02 MDTxFt 1050 +.10 

EGA P 2348 -.45 GvShOunl642 -.03 CrestFunds Trust 1 MATxFt 10.17 -.07 
EmGrB p 7341 -45 ShtDurn 1241 -41 Bandn 942 -58 MITxFl 1613 -57 

ErrtAp 1153 -.13 IrrtDwn 12.76 -59 SI Bdn 9 68 - 4)6 MNTxFt 9.98 +.07 

EntBp 11JJ -.13 CpMun 13.18 -.05 SoEan 1047 - 30 MSTxFt 939 *4)6 

EqlyincAD533 -57 DnrMunnlllD -55 Vduen ll.Cd +.16 MOTxFt 1030 -4B 

EalncBr 13? -.06! NYMunn 13.13 -55 1 VAMun 9.73 -.07 NJTxFt i«36 -57 

tUi J" ,IV «JL ‘■2B',£uFdAdin 953 -.01 NYTxFl 1668 -56 

§ 40 lFd I Ij49 -138 BerwynFd n!7Jt_ -46 CuFdSTn 941 -53 NaHMurt 944 - JH 

Fdf^p 12OT -.m I Berw^hta nil. 18 CUfler Trash NCTxFt 9.92 -.04 

FMgBp 1110 -.OlBhirudMCG 1049 - 39 ApvEqn 9.98 +.10 OHLtdt 9.76 -JH 

GIEoAp 1)56 - .18 , fliltmarr Funds: Eqrvlnca n9J8 -.11 OHTxFi 1077 -5B 

GlEaBpn 1146 -.13 > Balanced 1000 -4)8 GovtSecn 955 -.05 ORTxFI 1052 +.06 


IntBdA n 946 - 55 
lnflGrAn 1346 -36 


CalMuitil 942 -4M j USBIn 1079 - 58 
COTxFT 9.93 -58 UTfllncn 1442 - 31 


Puritan 1157 -32 1 Balno 858 -53 Bandn 1156 +.11 Divlnco 
RealEsTH 1334 -.18; BiueQ:pnp647 -.(0 ; PorKAv 2837 -.43 EnvSvc 

RefGrn I7J9 -36. Discvp 1841 -36, Stack n 2847 + 43 FL TxA 

ShtTBd n 696 -JX1 - Fmtrfip 2531 -.49: TaxEx 9.22 -55 GftjIncA 

STWldn 931 * 433 • Go-^Sec ».M -.10' USGovt 9.74 +58 1 GrthA 

Snxrticap 1007 -.10! Grwthran47 -73!HTIraEqn 1249 -,13| HiYleW 
SE Asia nr 1 2.98 -3£ ' Passprtn 956 -.13 HTMaFle 9.91 -4» toCopA 

StkScn 1898 -33; SsecJOT 7.U - 38 ! HanttoColo 957 . toUA 

ShOppt 2038 -33 1 WIfiwOrpl742 - 76 . Hrenver Inv Ms MuniA 

Trend n 56.10 - 88 I FauKoto Square Fds ! BIChGrl 10.10 -.13 NYTxA 


BatanoednllJO +.121 AifiUSGvt 9.91 
EmerGrnlS.13 +54 1 Govtp 934 +58 
Equity n 2673 +31 brtGvp 10.33 +59 
Fxdtoll n 1042 +.12 I LESHUWA1043 +JB7 
Fxdlncn 1699 +.11 1 LeshTsrA 841 -.10 
GlFxin TO35 +.15! OH TF 1153 +59 
HTSecsn BJ8 -JM I TFtotp HU2 -JM 


Value n 42.96 -46! ___ .... .... ... ... 

wridw 13J6 -.13 OuqiBd 9JD - .10 , Harbor Funds I Reflr«3 HUM -.IS 

TkWftr Selects _Ouc!Gr 941 Bond 1035 -.10 Reiirewt ftffl -.IS 

A irr 1447 -35 • FnxAfin Group: ConApp n 1557 -70 Retires 839 +.14 

AmGoldr 28.65 -31 AGSFdP 165 . Growth n 1243 - J9 STGtob 6.96 +4)2 

Autor 2114 -42! AfiUSpx 979 _• Iftttn 74J4 -59 SmCoEqA S44 +.12 

Biotech r 23.17 -35 ARS 9.79 -52. InrtGrn 1041 -79 1 TechA 9J6 +32 

Brocslr 20.46 - JH ' ALTFp 1131 -06 ShtOurn 694 +53 1 TXTFA 1612 -57 

Brokerr I74M -32 1 AZ TF o 11.13 -56 Value n 1355 -.14 1 T«RetA 956 +.12 

Chemr 31C0 -39- Btftovo 2240 -71 HovenFd W1034 -.12 ! US Govt A 841 *53 

Comer 25J1— an CAHY8dpV44 -.07 lle ui fl uuJ FdS USMlgA 6.94 -53 

ConPrdr 1170 -.17 entire p 11.81 -4)7 USGvtp 971 *JO ; Kemper Funds Be 

CsIHour 17J7 -37 CA lrterml»35 -.05 Value P 2361 +.18 DvincBI 556 +51 


1 Faunarta Square Fds , 
■ Balanced 944-53' 
' GovtS+c 9.63 +56 


BIChGrl 10.10 -.13 NYTxA 1672 -4)6 
STGvl 942 +413 OHTFA 9J4 +59 


§ w 5 caA *-21 GfFxkl TO25 +.15! OH TF 1153 -59 
’■■SJ* HYSecsn 678 +J!M TFtotp 1072 +JW 
FfcTxA 1059 -57| InflEqn 1477 +31 Marietta 1433 +40 

gtotoCA 8. 83 -.16 UlflFiXto 1613 4.14 MoncItMC 1249 +37 

@35- LldDuriNnio-U+JM Mo rtt or Funds 

J-S «S MIoBkFC 1052 +.11 FxtriT x 3074 +.11 
‘-S MunFxl 1034 +.101 GrwIhTx 2547 +32 
?3 HA -. 'SI? '■¥ PAFxlnn 1077 +.14 ft«Tx 22.11 +32 

MureA 9.91 -57 SeEqn 1694 +.19 MtaBk 745 —56 


SmCoGrl 9J2 -M2 - 


MJdCac 1053 -57 ’ USGvl 942 -.08 1 Re!ire2 


1048 -.IS 
1651 +.17 


GATxFt 7J4 +56j Airr 1447 - 35 
GovtOWt 972 +4M AmGold r 2)!.*5 -31 
rtlnct 7.16— .02) Auior 2114 -42 

KYTxFt 9.80 -.09 ' BiOtethr 2117 -35 
LATxFJ 9.99 -58 I BrdCStr 20.46 - JH 


EmGrB P 73.01 - 45 
ErfAp 1143 -.13 1 
EntBp 11 J4 -.13! 
EqlylnCA p 573 -47 I 
EalncB r 577 - .06 
EalncC P 572 - .06 


51 Bdn 968 -4)6 
SoEqn 1047 -30 

vduen 1153 +.16 

VA/Aun 9.73 -.07 


MDTxFt 1050 +.10 
MATxFt 1617 -.07 
MITxFl 1613 +57 
MNTxFt 9.98 +.07 
MSTxFt 939 -4)6 


Semn 953 +.10l OhTFTx 21JB 
SmCpVIn 17.11 +31! SBdTx 1944 +53 
SpFIn 1159 +.12 MontrGMp 738 — .151 
Vo»ue n 1273 +.13 ManitrSlP 1678 +40 1 


ktogy SH e cfS QuGGr 931 

Airr 1447 - 35 . Fnntcfin Group: 
AmGoldr IS!^ -31 AGEFdP 165 
Autor 2114 -42! AfiUSpx 979 

Biotech r 2117 -35 ARS 9.79-52 

BrdCStr 20.46 -JH- ALTFp i;J2 -06 

Brokerr I/.00 -32 1 AZ TF p 11.13 -56 


'S-22 ’- I •« 

fS “15 MITAp 1173 +.13 
fg *■» MIGAp 1039 +32 
6.96 -.02 BondAP 7246 +.13 
ig EmGrAp 1740 * 47 

,!■» GrOpA P 1699 +.19 


Chem r 3X00 - 39 , 


SmCpEqA 654 +.12 EmGrAP 1740 +47 
*■» “-gl GOBAP 1699 -39 
TXTFA 1 0.12 •‘-SSI [ GvfJAp 8^2 +J3 
TcfRQtA 9^6 t _12 I GvMaAp M 7 -+J04 
USCavtA 841 +53 9% +^S 


MemgonwryFds 
EmgMk; 1433 *35 
GtobOom 14J3 +43 
GtobOppnl344 +J2 
Growth r 1555 + 70 


MnSlCA 1130 +.11 
MS)ncGrA2030 +77 
MSln&C 12682 +76 
lU^JUlCA 1370 +4)7 
NYToxA r 1 237 +.12 
NYTxBtnl271 +.12 
gpogn 10J8 +.16 
PATE AP11J3 +.14 
SpedAp 27.15 +75 
StrlncAp 440 +52 
StrlncB I 471 +52 
StpCTlAp 440 +51 
SttoGrAp 459 +51 
SrkivAp 678 +.03 
Target p 2456 +77 
TxFrat 947 +.11 
TxFrAp 947 +.10 
Tlrap 15.95 +39 
TctRlAp 606 +.15 
TotRIBto 851 +.14 


CATE IDLSO +419 
Fund . 124)9 +.15 
GIEq 1441 +30 
GrtncA 956 +.13 
InvQln 1056 +.14 
NaffTE 1079 +59 
NY TE 10J4 +4)9 
Oppart (951 +.18 
SmCap 1546 +JH 
USGOV 1153 +30 
RBBGvtp 972 +59 
RSI Truth 

Acffld 3671 +78 
Core 3445 +70 
EmGr 3252 +Jd 
I ntBd 2542 +.19 
5TIF 1622 +51 
Value 2S57 +76 
Rainbow n 540 +56 
ReaGnap 1X34 +31 


3445 +70 
3252 +50 


5»p h 


GvScAp 975 +58 SmCcton 1547 +76 


GtobOppnl344 +72 AstAMA 1130 +.13 
Growth n 1S55 +J0 CA TF A 1052 +417 
tos(BWkti«849 +J5 MuincA 1075 +.11 
lnllSmCopttAl +76 StaQlGrA 1237 +70 
ShOurGI 952 + 53 ST Govt W35 - 


BalKn 2179 +J® 
BdWx 26.14 +77 
EfllndK 3257 +73 
Grlncn . 2272 +74 
_ 951+56 

MIdGrL n 2R.74 +33 
STBondnl611 + 
spGrn 3070 + 

l In 851 +.141 TxEmBdn951 +55 
P 934 +57 Preferred Group: 

P MJ0 +.18 AssetAn 1046 +.15 
I Ex press: f Fxdln n 954 + " 

Growth n 1258 + 
1248 + 

t 1075 +.11 ! ST Gov n 9J9 + 

A 1237 +70 Virtue n 1150 + 

t 5055 -v!2 Price Funds: 


+79 
-75 

+ 55 [ COT 
-Mi cam 
+711 FLIT 
+ 4)7 


MOTxFt 1030 -46 DIAenir 1840 -35! CoTTFrp 7.C8 -53; 


t36 -57 
:BLM -56 


DevC0mrl6J6 -48; COTFo H75 -.06 Herailes Furet 


Efectrr 1699 — .08 
Energyr 17J7 -76 , 


EngSvcr 1117 -.13' DNTCo 


CT TF 1077 -4)6 
Cvtsec px 12.15 -.11 


Enviror 1048 -.14. 
FtoSver 5248 -.95' 
Food r 2974 —01 I 


Equity P 666 -417; PctBVoInlOJS 
EqtoCPX 1XB2 -.09! WorUBdn9J! 
FIST ARSP950 - 52 Heritage Funds: 


Euro VI n 1039 - 36 , KIP 3TGi 693 -4)2 
LAmVtrt n 949 _ . ShStoTt 8.09 -.03 

NAmGrtnn948 -47 SmCcoBf S.53 -.12 
PrfBVol n 1079 -58 I TotRtBI 955 -.12 
WortdBdn9J8 -.121 USMIgBt 693 -53 


USMlg A 694 -4)3 VEJncAp 438 » MorgShmFd* VRG A 941 —51 

n T y * f n j U *?iif C n, LMMAp 7.10 +52 AliatlGrA 1654 -J3 PUBaxEG 1145 +71 

KiS?* “-21 OTCAp 771 -35 AsianGB 15J3 +J2 PBHGGrn 1152 +45 

GrtoBl 1249 + 34 RscJiAO 13.12 +33 GtotCqA 1272 +39 PFAMCoFdR 
SlomL IS a: SedAp 12J4 +32 GtobEaBnlig +78 Baton 1072 +.10 

K-'fJj-TGi -m stlnAp 73* +55 Morgan GreoMh ConAen 1X16 +.15 

^rtlntt 8 09 -53 TalRAP 1284 +.11 EmenrtEq 936 +.18 DivLown 1175 +.14 

IS '32 UNAP 74)6 +.11 Fxtncm 10.10 +58 EmergMkT104 +.13 

XSTJSJ. ?-S5 "i2 Vofc+AP 944 +.13 GtobdFJinM +.09 EnhSqn 1145 +.10 

J^rNsfir 693 +53 I WOEaAp 1642 +39 hrtSmCpnlOM +4)4 Eqlnen 1170 +.15 

red Funds: I WOGvAp 1)39 +.10 Munffld WLS4 +53 irrtln 9J6 +31 


vrga_ ass* 1 a as 

BKJlG 1159 +.12 
CirtTx n 973 +58 

Uton 1077 +.101 av^ii 1 llS+S 
OnAsn 1X16 +.15 EqJncn 1638 +.13 


WoEaAp 1642 +39 
WOGVAP 1)39 +.10 


WoGrA 1642 +70 MrgKoSOD 1X14 +.14 
WoTjflA pT04i +.13 More sun Mb 


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(Continued From Page 4) 


WoTotA P (041 +.13 

MUBHA 1043 + 54 

MuKA B44 +JH 

TOKYO EXECUTIVE MuUA 747 +.02 Bal 933 +58 

tot w Cra* credl MuALAplSTO +54 EmGr MTS +78 

MUARAP 937 +53 ErnMkr 1756 +74 

. 1 MuCAAP 542 * 52 EmMkDbtnB75 +59 

* ZUDCH * SUSAN 1 i MuFLAp 977 +.02 EaGrn 11J6 +34 

Essutt Service MuGAA Pl- 36 +54 Fxdtoc 1040 +.11 

Sfll 7^199 48 MuMAApMJi *54 CEW IX6B +32 

w 1 AAuMOA p:’139 +54 GJFXlnn 1X34 +.|rt 

"LflEWA" ZllllrH ■ MuMSAp 979 +4J2 HlYBtl 1059—53 

ZUK1CH I MUNCAP1140 +53 WSOi 1642+53 

MUNYAP1045 + 53 MEa 1540 +2 

C77 -63MW • MUSCAP I1J8 +56 JpnEqtV 1042 — 52 

FTO4E miBfflCSB j M/TNAplOTS +53 Rnmdn 8JA +56 

Purvt ulTlS .. MUVAAP 11.10 +54; VakieEanllJl +.12 

Oajn|reTO aktaratun mas 7.05 +.12 SCVdft TO.48 +59 

7i2i7?to 2 USA. copGar 1X73 +.10 MutflenlunpiaJO +.19 

fbamvcmot BonflB 1X44 +.12 MUT1MJG6 !ft3« +.10 

F JrAxreEJL^ K T - “TOP 10T EmGrB t I7J1 -47 MuflBrtt . 1X14 +.14 

QCORTfflMCE GaiAt 634 +.19 Mntool Series 

TEL Off - 597 433X GvMoBt 641 -JH Bn=onn 3236 -39 

ie^-imcoME «** 85SI7^:SS 

! InlmBt XtB »5Bj ax resn 8 144 *46 
F^fASE CALL 089 - 91 23 K MAITB 1139 +.13 NCC Funds: 

— * OTCB TJ3 +34 EquIlvlP H5S +59 

ZUKH/ BSM / BASEL miG 8 KUl *72 FwnndP ML22 +.10 

beort Service ! RgctiB 1X06 +33 OHTElp msa +55 

Tet077/B8 0660. 077/88 06 70 ! Secfflt 12J0 *21 \ Ew4M1 ^#13^ -.09 

iftTT hl4 *l *x eft * **-—*■ - rYi~Yi hm. i ■ I MilWVAnllTO +54 i kP TIlFr (id 93S +58 
VOWAM^M^CO'aflBCM Mu&S 1042 +56 (NWMLNorttsInr 

QJBOCuNTACT htl Escort + Travel- ! MuHInB 854 *JH . HiYkJA 446 — JH 

Service. Cd Venn -+4X1J10 63 19.; ToOTB t 1X84 +.11 1 IncGrA 95? +58 

.... """ vaJuB 947 *.13 MeGrB 959 

*• GENEVA AUJANtX ** \ Wc£q8l 1631 +38 [ MufflA 431 - 


DSvLown 1175 +.14 
gnwgMkn04 +.13 
EnhBin 1145 +.10 
Eqlnen 11JB) +.15 
Infl n 9J6 +31 
lAWBdln 9.58 +.10 
MtoCtxi 1355 +32 


Eqldxn 1X10 +.14 
Europen 1233 +77 
FEFn 1609 +74 
FUraintniam +jq 
GNM n 9.10 +56 
CATFn 952 +59 


11J6 +34 
IB4Q +.11 
I34B +32 


MuMAAplOJi +56 GEqty 1348 + 32 
MuMOAp1QJ9 +56 GJFXlnn 1076 +.16 
MuMSAp SLT9 +4)2 HYtdti 1059 -53 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 


Page 11 


New Inf emotional Bend Issues 

Compiled fay James Connefl “ — . " . ■ 


Amount 

CmSBons) 


Hwftnt Bate Hotea 

"m* : H5T 


Btet Plica and 


1999 fLOfflS 99725 - — 


5GW finance 


om 1,250 1999 Ohms Wtd — 

£100 1998 0.20 100 . _ 


1999 QjQ 625 99 JB? — 


HMdjWjpBM 

Federal Home Loan $1,500 

Mortgage Gyp. 

$1,500 

Credit locd de dm 300 

Francs 

European Investment HI 400,000 
Bonk 

KFW International C$200 

finance 


1997 BK 10LOT 


Gueensksid Treasury AlB$100 1997 4 H 90 J 6 S 

Carp. 

Crficfit Fonder de y 75,000 2002 4 M 99V5 

France 

Deutsche Sfedbngs - y 1Q,Q00 1997 Uo 100. 

und 

Umdesrentenbor^ 

Ford Crecfff Europe y 10,000 1997 140 100.12 


1997 4J4 90363 ' . • — NoncrtbbJ.- F«k ?*%- {Woraura Wft-} 


1997 140 100 


Mitsubishi Carp. 
“J finance 

Norddeufsche 

Landesbank 

Giroasnfrde 

Spain 

Student Loon 

Marketing 

Association 


Y 50,000 2000 435 10030 

Y lOflOO- 1997 iTO 7 00.158 


Y 150/100 
y 50,000 


2004 4% 99.58 

1997 330 99.95 


Swedish Export Credit Y 10,000 1997- 3.10 100 


■ggrjWwJ 

Ayala land 


Formosa Chemicals & $250 

fibre 


Libfife int'l 


Nan Ya Plastics 


2000 open 100 — 


2001 1* 100 — 


2004 6% 100 — 


2001 IK 100 — 


The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, July 18 - July 23 


A schadWs of Site MakS ecooonHc and 
BnanMmertt%axnpdadfdrthaltaorna~ 
Banal HanaU Tribune byBkxanbargBusl- 


Arts Pterfflc ' 

• My IS MMn: Au rtr taa n hcu*- 
Ing finance date tor May. Forecast Dta 
cBtw at about 2 paroenL 

Bytaej. Deputy Prime MnJUar Brian 
I tom a c M ian ffl s a trtn a r on theecoown- 
Ic potential ot Austmla's regions ana 
taunetws McKjnsey s Co. report on i 
boosting prVatelnvaetinanL 
HoagKoag HopewaBHofeflngetoopen 
(to 122-UomaMr (7frrafla) to» mad «nkr 
mg Chinese crtas of Sharaben and 
Guangzhou. 

Hong Kong wifartex Trading Managing 
□tractor MHchefl Rnloatotaln talks to fta 
American Chamber of Comoro* In Hong 
Kong about apparel ratatang In CWna.^ 
Tokyo Juno money supply. 

Tokyo share# In Asia Securtttss Printing 
to d* Rated on JASOAQ. 

TTigtoirn Shoes ot Cm Mechatronlc 
to begin trading on the main Pomd at the 
Stock Exchange of Sngapora. 
a My 10 Hoag Kong MitcheR Ftakte- 
sMn, managing dlroctor a Uscy Far Eari 
buying operations, speaks on apparel ra- 
tatnng to CMrn at an Amwkton Chamber 
. ot Commerce lunch. 

Skgmon Four-day Inda Trade and 
Tachndlogy Fair open*. 

Eamtog* aapontad Alcan Australia Ud.. 
Laefcmg-Axo Primers Holdings. Yip's 
Hang Cheung. 

• Mr» BrWMaw Alax PoSak. to- 
vastment analyst at Macquarie Bank, ad- 
draasea Securities tnstituto ot Australia 
on the ti tf on n a tto n superhighway- 
Tokyo Shares in Tone Goo Ttah begin 
trading on JASDAQ. 

Tokyo Bank ot Japan ralsaaes quarter# 
economic outtook with a loreea* tor Jdy 
to September money supply torecari^ 
guBagton Now Zealand reran sates 

data tar May 

Sfngapom Shares totfra inatanl barar- 
age maker Super Co Koemix Mmutectur- 
irw Ltd. uegtoMdtnfl toMN* 
secondary board of the Singapore 
bourse. 

• My 21 M e fcorane GRA Lid. to 

■ mil min quarterly Iron and coal produc- 
tion report. ... 

tidnor Weatpac-Meiboume Institute 
leading economic incftoaior tor May- . 


HongKong June conwsnar price indax 
figure*. 

IMBngton Telecom. Now Zealand's 
torgato Mad .company, holds annual 
mealing. 

• Mr *2 Sytey Rosa Wtaon, chief 
oxsouthe or Taboorp., the soon-to-be Ust- 
ad -company tormad -front Victoria' estate- • 
ownad gantbfing Jnmasts, aridmaaa* Sta 
cuffis* inttto of Auatrata lunch. 
HongKong Deputy United States Trade 
Wapre aantatt yeCharlane Barshetsky. 
speaks « a hmch organized by the Hong 
Kong Oenorai Chamber of Commerce. 
tetepeqNoM GhinaUght A Power 
Co^ Four Seas Mercantile Hokfings.'Sbv 
. careen. . 


Stoekho *a S wed t ah Rlkabank council 
meeting. 

• My 22 Cop er to agoa June con- 

sumer price index, forecast: Op 0.1 par- 
cant to month, up 2.1 percent in year. 
Loadae Second-quarter prallmineiy 
gross domestic product. Forec a st: lip 
seasnndty adjurtsd (LB percent In quar- 
ter, up percent in yeer. 

Pmta May indusafal production Fore- 
caafc Up eo a a ond ly adjusted 03 percent. 
Paris June housing starts. 

Paris MouOnax shareholders meeting. 


Rome May industrial production. 
hwHiri dune producer price Index. 
F o re cast. Up 03 percent In month, up 03 
percent In year. 

FteMat June MA money supply -tram 
tourlh-quariar bask Forecast Up 120 

paroant- • 

Homs June balance ot payments. Fore- 
cate 13 mMcn-Ira surplus. 

FMMst Miqr trade balance. Forecast: 
S3 bison Deutsche mark surptoa. Also, 
May current aocounLForao a teZO baton 
Deutsche mark deficit 
ItoUInU June trade btoanoa. 

• Myia Loe ri o n June public-sector 
borrowing nydrataam. Forecast: 0.7 
bteoo, 

Lflwdon Gcwammant sate debt in for- 
mer government-owned companies. 
S tockho l m June unemployment. Fore- 
cast 73 percent. 

• MylB Bars* June trad* battnoa. 
Parti OECD r atoas aa Its annual 1994 
employment outlook for aB OECD coun- 
trios. ‘ 

e My 20 Lemloa June ratal, solas. 
Forecast Up 03 percent in monffi. up 3.1 
percent In year. 

London Jims buttdtng society rta new 
o ot M UiB nents. Forecast 036 bWtorL 
Stochbolm Juna trade balance. Fpre- 
cate &3b0or>-kronorauqiiua. 

• My 21 

Ranklurt Bundesbank central council 
mealing. Includea mid-year review cd toe 
M-3 money supply target tor ISM. 

Parle May trade balance. Forecast: B5 
bHBorv-franc surplus, tear a 73 bWon- 
froncaurplualnAprB. 


Cwntogs a^actod this weak Cummins 
Engine. FPL Group. General Pubflc UtnF 
flea. BP me, KaRogg. McOonakTs. MoU. 
N orthwest Airlines, PennzoO, Scnpps 
Howard Broadcasted. Sherwto. Wlffiema. 
Storage Technology. 

• MylS Okewa May monthly sta^ 
vsy of manu fa cturing- 
(Mian Canada's 10 premiers are 
scheduled id rign on accord Siting totar- 
pratadal trade barriers. 



HteUl.Ftaltla Annual meeting o< Instt- 
tuto of Nuctoor Materiato Management 
BarBngame. CaOfenda Techno tofilo 
Partners opens twoday conference on 
computer netw o Hc s faauring executives 
from Mtorosoft Coqx. AT&T Ccrp^ Sun 
Mtorosystams tot. SOlcon Grapldca incu. 
SynOpdcaCesrmunlcationsio&anaNaxf 
Computer me. 

Eamtoga rapsetod Archer Danleto Mta- 
land, Chase Manhattan. Chemfeal Waste 
iranseomsnt. Coca-Cola. Cooper Tire A 
RutOer, Dana. Federal Home Loan Mort- 
gage Coro, Gensntoch. Intel McGraw- 
Ha. NadonsBank, PNC Bank. Reynolds 


Fed Testimony Takes Center Stage 


Qw 3«xtf» liber. Mpnaitcbla Fco 0.1 S*. {Msrnk lynch 
tmtUBSj • 

6*1 frwrthUwr. NonoaUta^ ^Fsra «.ia.*MsrrfflLy«* 

jttfVOatejlte BonkJ 

. Over 3morth Lhx. 

.•^bnittg iwe. naang told to £225 trMn.Fes* 030*. (5X2. 
Worburg SmhMJ 

Ow J^aonth Ubor. NoaeafaWa feet 0-1956. /Mwii Lyn* 
ln»l Nomura Ml} 


1999 Tit 99 m 10043 NocMteie. fras ass- (Gotanw Svrie. Solomon Breriv 
' ..... . '«"■) / ■ ■ ' 

2004 Vh 99-27 10034 NonoJohia. fast 035%. [Mma Lynch (ntl) 

1999 414 101735 • — Bsoflawfof 9M85. Ham&bi* Feat 2*. fCWffltean- 
. b«*J - . 

1998' 10.15 101 Ai 100.10 NoncskUe- Fees lMlJL {Bonn Consnardals hdtana] 

2004 9U 101% 9930 « 9970. KoocnflobU. Fws 2%. (ABN AM80.) 


100 JO » 99.89. Nonrol^ F«« ^oldmon Sochj 

- WU . 


9935 NeneaBabla. Feat 030%. Dencxsiataore 10 taficin yen. pi 
WT, Morgen Stanley & Co. brfl) 

— Noncoiteie. feet not tfadoisri. Dcnommaliam 100 mSon 
yen. fPorka* Copdd MorkanJ 


— ■ ' Coupon dept op to 33% in Nrwembsr 1995 end ogein to 
A3* m Novwnber 1996. NorwArbln. Fees 070%. (Men* 
Lyndt htl} 

— Nona3abto. Feet 030%. Dnncm w o ti ons 100 mfian yen. 
poke Europ«4 

— - NorioMbk. Feet 0.1875%- Dsnomritaans 100 mCoa yen. 
{fay inf I H nrxicej 


9935 

— NorxxM^e. Fees'0.1875%.Dsf>ora[nutiarQ 10 mSonyxn. {fij 
k U nroattonaL) 


9930 Non aA obto. Fees not rfwrirotid. Psn oasn otiora 100 rw K u n 
yen. (Perftxd Cafdd Morketv] 


Cmpdtd ty Ota Staff From Dapaidta 

NEW YORK — TIk gloom that has 
pervaded the UJS. bond market has dissi- 
pated in recent days, but investors will 
need lo be convinced by Alan Greenspan, 
the chairman of the Federal Reserve 
Board, that this is a good rime to be buying 
fixed-income securities. 

Mr. Greenspan did say this on Friday, 
but not in a forum that held much weight 
with bond professionals. He told a biparti- 
san Congressional commission on govern- 
ment spending and tax reform. “The U.S. 
economy has recently been experiencing the 
ideal combination of tiring activity, falling 
unemployment, and slowing inflation-*’ 

Mr, Greenspan's semiannual testimony 
to Congress, scheduled for this week, wifi 
be far more important, analysts said. Ke- 
vin Flanagan, a money market economist 
for Dean Witter Reynolds, said the sertri- 
annual H umphrey- Hawkins, nawwi for 
the legislation that required it, would be 
“far more encompassing.” He noted that 
Mr. Greenspan would have to answer spe- 
cific questions from Congress. 

That testimony also represents the Fed's 
opinion on the economy, not just Mr. 
Greenspan’s, said Steve Wood, director of 
financial markets research for BA Securi- 
ties in San Francisco. 

On Friday, the yield on the 30-year 
Treasury bond fell to 7.54 percent from 


7.69 percent a week earlier as its price rose 
to 84 26/32 from 83 9/32. The long bonds 
yield began the year at 6.35 percent after 
hitting a low of S.79 percent in October. 

Two-year notes yielded 6.02 percent on 
Friday, down from 6.23 percent the week 
before and 4.23 percent at the start of the 
year. 

After the market was jolted downward 

US CREDIT MARKETS 

by a huge increase in June nonfann pay- 
rolls on July 8, a number of economic 
reports released last week suggested eco- 
nomic growth was slowing, and traders 
will watch for confirmation of that trend. 
Rapid economic growth usually is accom- 
panied by rising interest rates and the 
threat of inflation, both of which are bad 
for bond prices. 

The market “is already making a judg- 
ment” about the most recent economic 
data, said Philip Braverman, chief econo- 
mist at DKB Securities in New York, u Jt 
has rallied on the assumption that the 
numbers will keep the Fed on hold.” 

Id his testimony this week, if Mr. Green- 
span “can make a convincing case that the 
economy is indeed slowing" and that the 
Fed has accomplished its goal of beading 
off inflation, “you might see some retail 


buying" of long-term bonds, Mr. Wood 
said. The amount of risk investors shoul- 
der rises with lengthening bond maturities. 

Mr. Greenspan's testimony is likely to 
be “cautiously optimistic the growth in the 
economy is going to slow a bit,” said Jin 
Park, economist with Lehman Brothers 
Global Economics in Boston- 

That would be consistent with minutes 
from Federal Open Market Committee 
meetings May 17 indicating the Fed was 
waiting to see the effects of its latest tighten- 
ing before deriding if more was needed. 

Christopher Rupkey. an analyst with 
Mitsubishi Bank, said that based on the 
current two-year note yield, the market 
expects a quarter-point increase in short- 
term interest rates. Early last week, a half- 
point rise was expected, he said. 

Mr. Park said that any increase was 
unlikely before the Federal Open Market 
Committee, the policy-setting arm of the 
Fed, meets on August 16. 

On reason the Fed might be inclined to 
tighten the availability of credit is the 
weakness of the dollar, which has been 
sliding on foreign-exchange markets in re- 
cent weeks. European short-term interest 
rates are higher than those in America, 
makin g U.S. short-term bonds less attrac- 
tive than their Continental counterparts 
and thus putting pressure on the dollar. 

(Knight-Ridder, Reuters) 


Taiwan Beckoning to Foreign Investors 


Compiled b? Ov Staff From Dapatdta dons are improper since they 

TAIPEI — Taiwan will re- oily discourage foreigners from 
move curbs on foreign invest- investing here, 
ment in local securities and A move by Taiwan to further 
bond markets, allowing a liberalize its investment regula- 
cboice of any security and dim- tions for foreigners would be in 


mating a 10 percent ceBing cm 
bond investments, the country’s 
central bank said over the week- 
end. 

The central bank governor. 


line with those made by many 
other countries in the Asia/ Pa- 
cific region, analysis said. 

Mr. Liang's views are a de- 
parture from those held by his 


Liang Kuo-sbu, said Saturday predecessor, Samuel Shi eh, who 
that Taiwan must study how to stepped down as bank chief on 


Coupon indented at 4to 4W%. Noncdfable. Ccxwertibto toon 
expected 4 to 8% premium. Fees 29%. Term to be set next 
TueslLQMfatBi Starts? MTJ 

CanvartMs Mo company* rims to 4034 Tcmmoi dofan per 
share and to 2673 Tawon dolors per US. drttor. Cattle al 
par from 1997 ? toe shares trade at 140% of the conversion 
prios, fees 25% Dsnoatinaitans 110.000. {UBS UaL) 

Conve r tible into stares of UbaryUtsAssodofionaf Africa UtL 
of 106.68 rend per share and at 433 rand per dalm. The 
bands wiB be aBafala from 1999 if the stack trades at 140% or 
niors of oo itteteB B prion. {Bobsrf flsmstg & CaJ 

Convert ib le Imp company's sharps tX 67X1 Taiwan dolors per 
share and at 2673 Taiwan doBars par US- doBcr. C c Mih at 
- par from 1997 if lbs shares trade at 140% of Ihs c onversion 
pries. Fees 2J4% {UBS ltd) 


further liberalize foreign invest- June 1 
meats in local securities and year te 
bond markets. Mr. 

He said current regulations cemed 
that restrict foreigners from in- 
vesting in any individual stocks — * 
that they choose are unreason- B mm m 
able. He added that he felt it 
was inappropriate to limit for- MMurK 
rigners from investing no more ^ , 
than 10 percent of their funds in Stock 
local bonds. **“■*_»■ 

Mr. Liang said that if Taiwan ° J XMkIS - 
was to become a monetary and 
banking center, such restrio- s&pw 

S4PSB0 


June 1 after completing a five- 
year term. 

Mr. Shieh had been con- 
cerned that a higher ceiling 


would bring large inflows of Since 1991, foreign financial 
offshore funds from investors institutions have been allowed 
seeking to tap Taiwan’s rela- to directly buy and sell shares 
tively high interest rates, affect- listed in Taiwan. As of July 13, 
ing the bank’s ability to con- according to Taiwan’s Securi- 
duct monetary ' policy, ties and Exchange Commission, 
according to local news reports, the government had approved 
Foreign fmandai institutions $5.56 billion of direct stock in- 
wishing to invest in Taiwan’s vestments by such institutions, 
stock market must currently ob- (AFP, Bloomberg) 

tain permission from the coun- 
try’s Securities and Exchange " 

Commission and the Central 
Bank of China, Taiwan's ceu- 

tral bank, before bringing in t -T- ^- 

funds. Direct investment by 
foreign individuals is banned. 


Catifornia 
Credit Risk 
Takes a Hit 

Compiled fa Our Staff From Dispatches 

SACRAMENTO, Cali- 
fornia — Major credit- rat- 
ing agencies on Friday gave 
California a thumbs-down 
on its bond rating. 

Standard & Poor’s Corp. 
cut its rating on California’s 
general obligation bonds to 
A from A-plus, while 
Moody's Investors Service 
Inc. dropped its rating to A 1 
from Aa and Fitch investors 
Service Inc. revised its rating 
to A from AA, 

The action places Califor- 
nia’s credit rating on par 
with that of Louisiana and 
ahead of ooly New York by 
S&P*s measures. 

The ratings all fall into 
cat ago ries that describe 
credit with favorable quali- 
ties, but more susceptible 
to changes in circum- 
stances. 

The lowered bond rat- 
ings could make it expen- 
sive for the state to raise 
money because investors 
will demand higher interest 
payments as compensation 
for their increased risk. 

In its bleak assessment, 
S&P died the state's reli- 
ance on federal immigra- 
tion money, its use of 
“automatic’' budget cuts, 
its delay in dealing with a 
deficit, and its assumption 
that $1.8 billion in earlier 
loans to schools will be re- 
paid (AP. LAT) 


Last Week’s Markets 


Alt Haunt art osar dear et marine Fddor 

Stock Indexes 


inata Sam July IS 

DJ Indus. 175181 

DJ UHL 18123 

DJ Trans. U0L98 

SAP wo <nm 

SSP5D0 454.16 

SIP ind 52897 

NYSE Cp 25136 


Matte. Rockwefl, Southern Pacific. US 
West 

• My IS Wsstdngtoa Msymorohan- 
cflse trade. 

Kansas CUy, Mtasourt. Fort Motor Co. 
bsgins produce on of new raW cta s i Fort 
Contour and Mammy Utey* ■ 
Ca nfeg s gyp s eto d American Cyans- 
nUd. Banc On*. CfHcorp. Chamlcaf Bank- 
ing, C on tinental Bark, FM mwra ia ta 
Benccrp, General instrument. Honejnseti. 
raroota Central. KeyCorp. Lotus Develop- 
mart, Owens-Coming Fib er gl ass. Poiar- 
oid. Reedoit. SroHh Win* BeecAem, Sprint 
WsBs Fargo. WWnpooL 

• JUy 20 Washington The Conv 
msroe Department reports June houatag 
starts and fauBding permits. 

Wteta ig tan Fad Cftarmon Atan Graan- 
tean detests Htanphray l ta tatas testi- 
mony to Sonata Banking Commtttaa. 
Ito — moot. Hoots Motorola Inc. hokte 
Its anmta contaranca with industry one- 
fyeto. 

San IT s nrtauu Dataquest Inc. conlsr- 
ence on semiconductors. 

Eara l w ga •s p a n tori Amerttseh, AMR. 
BankAmarica. Bankers TnisL Bail Atlan- 
tic, Compaq Computer, Conran, OW. Dia- 
mond Shamrock, Dun & Braaetrast. Fed- 
srmMilogul, Fleet Financial Group. 
General Signal. GeotgtePadfic, GTE. 
MCI Comnunicailona. McOonnsR Doug- 
las, Mead. . Mcrosofl Morrison Knuctosn, 
Pacific Tetote. FtaputXto Now York. Santa 
Fe Pacific. Scot Paper, 
a My 21 Washtagton The Coro- 
msroe Dapartment reports second-quar- 
ter bottang vacancies. 

Haw York Bankruptcy court achedutod 
to rule on Jamesway Corpus creditors' 
oonuTMtaa motion to tarmlnaie racluaivtty 
pertod 

tra ahte gtoo The Labor Daparsnant re- 
pons initial weekly state unemptoymant 
compensation Insurance data* 
Eamtaga ospactod Abrttol Price, Amer- 
ada Hass, American Homs Product*.. 
Ashland Cod. AT&T, Bank ot Boston, 
BellSouth. CaterotBar.Coig ata PakeoOve. 
Computer Associates, CSX. Data Ganer- 
to. Dean Wlttar, Ecoiab, FtngarhuL Gener- 
al Dynamics. IngeraoB Band. James Riv- 
er. Malta. UaybeOne, Monsanto. Nynm. 
Phetps Dodge. Union Psclfla 

• My2t Wsshtogtan Fad Chairman 
Alan Greenspan dsfiwra Humphray-Haw- 
Uns testimony to House Banking Sub- 
committee. 

C anti ng* rapratad Duka Power. South- 


FTSEIOO 

FT» 


Juhr 8 CTfM 
3JD9.14 +130% 
18172 +031% 
140152 —001% 
41801 +137% 
44935 +133% 
S22A8 +134% 
248.11 +1.19% 

2*048 +179% 


20336. +1.14% 


HonO Seng 9.11742 8A32M +377% 


mxW index From Morgan starter CanitoS mn. 


Money Rates 



UnRed States July IS 

July 8 

Discount rale 

21* 

3Vi 

Prime rate 

7V. 

7V. 

Federal hinds rata 

4 3/16 

414 

Jap «m 



Discount 

in 

in. 

Coll money 

203 

2 

Xnonth Interbank 

215 

2 

Germany 



Lombard 

600 

400 

Coll money 

495 

4.95 

J- month iniettxmfc 

4.93 

4.95 

Britain 



Bank base rata 

5to 


Call money 

4% 

41e 

3-monih interbank 

53/16 

5V. 

seta July IS 

Juhr 8 

cirae 

London pro. fixJS 2849Q 

385.10 

—005% 


International 

Classified 

Marketplace 

• Monday 

International Conferences and Seminars 
•Tuesday 
Education Directory 

• Wednesday 

Business Message Center 

• Thursday 

international Recruitment 

• Friday 

Real Estate Marketplace, Hobdays and Travel 

• Saturday 

Arts and Antiques 

Pius over 300 headings in International Classified 
Monday through Saturday 
For further ^formation, contact Philip Oma in Paris: 
Tel: (33-1) 46 37 94 74 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 

a < iNTmora-u. teti 


This week’s topics: 

O The Midwesfs New Role In The Global Economy 
o Japanese Auto Makers Are Struggling In Europe 
O Western Companies Jump In To Russian Real Estate 
O NAFTA A Green Light For Red Tape 
O in South Korea, A Different Kind Of Dread 

Now available at your newsstand! 

BnsInessWaek International 
14, anr d’Ouchy, CH-1006 Lausanne Tel. 41-21-617-4411 
For subscriptions call UK 44-628-23431 Hong Kong 852-523-2939 / 


UBERTY ALL-STAR WORLD PORTFOLIO 

Societe d'lnveslissement d Copilot Variable 
2. boulevard Royal 
L - 2953 LUXEMBOURG 
P.C. LU XEMBOURG B- 259Q4 

Notirv is hwliy given lo the fluwlioMrrs. limi the 

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 

of sfiarvh.ilih'n of UKKRTV A U.- STAR WORI.O COmOl.lO. will 
hr hrlil ul thi* uffli-rs of Uanqiir Intrrnalinnalr a l^ixi-mlwnirp. bO. 
roiiln iFUsrh, 1470 Ijixrmhouig on July 29, 1994 at I f.09 a.m. fur 
(ho purpnw of cunHilrriug and voting upon ihr following agenda: 

1. Submission nf th«* Reports of the Board of Directors and nf 
the SDluInry AndHoR 

2. Approval nf Slalrmcnt of Net Assets at March 31, 1994 and of 
the Statement of Operations for the year ended March 31, 
1994; Appropriation of the net results; 

3. Discharge of the Directors; 

4. Receipt of and action on nomination of the Directors; 

5. Miscellaneous. 

Thr slkirchnldrrs nre advised dial resolutions on the agenda or 11 k- 
annual general meeting will require no quorum and will hr taken on 
a simple majotit) of the voles expressed bj thr sharrholdcrs present 
or rrprosrntcd al ilie meeting. 

In order lo attend the meeting of LIBERTY ALL-STAR WORLD 
I1JRTPOUO thr owners of beamr shares will have to deposit their 
shares five dear days Ik- fore the meeting al the registered office of the 
Company or with Banque Internationale a Luxembourg, 69, route 
d'Eech. L- 1470 Ijjxcmbotirg. 

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS 


CLKREXCY AND CAPITAL \L\RKET SERVICES 


CHICAGO: Microsoft Working On Next Generation 

Continued hvtn Page 9 one operation ai a time, like Windows users. That compart 

, . . . , . . recalculating a spreadsheet with estimates of $267 to uj 

skmsskSc esiLS?, windowi 3 -° 1 


are open and simp Kb es switch- 
irip between them. 

■ Chicago will be thefirst oper- 
ating system to support the in- 
dustry's plug-and-play technol- 
ogy, which enables the system 
todetecl when the user has add- 
ed a new component such as a 
multimedia uptime «« 
automatically adjust to it 
But while Chicago includes 

. e vimfld at Sim- ■ 


says muen or ™ ~ 

Chicago is aimed ax making hie 
easitf7or the corporate mfor- 

mati on-systems wagers 

whose iob it is to handle tne 
rXsuy-lead !n g desktop 

OtiSeo will take W&ws us- 

world f32-« 
cessing, meaning tii«J 
Sable to process mteroal opff- 

time. A true 32-bit opem 

irie svSem can multitask, mean- 
S7S «« more than 


one operation ai a time, tike 
recalculating a spreadsheet 
while formatting a letter. 

Although computers have 
had the potential Jot 32-bit pro- 
cessing since the introduction 
erf Intel’s 386 series of chips 
back in 1985, the current ver- 
sion of Windows st&! perforins 
most operations in 16 -bit mode- 

Of course, moving to Chica- 
go is not going to be simpk — 
or necessarily cheap. The 
Gartner Group, a market re- 
search company in Stamford, 
Connecticut, estimates m a re- 
cent report that the total cost of 
upgrading from Windows 3.1 to 
Chicago will be abeni S527 per 
user in an organization <rf 2,200 


Windows users. That compares 
with estimates of $267 to up- 
grade from Windows 3.0 to 
Windows 3.L 

To take advantage of Chica- 
go’s 32rbit architecture, users 
also witi have to upgrade then- 
spreadsheets, word processors 
and other applications software 
and team a new way of work- 
ing. Most major programs will 
be available in 32-bit versions 
right away. Microsoft says it 
ami have 32-bit versions erf all 
its Windows applications out 
within 90 days of shipping Chi- 
cago. But more specialized ap- 
plications may take longer to 
arrive, and some will no doubt 
slip into 1996. 


TO OUR READERS 
IN LUXEMBOURG 

It's never been easier 
to subscribe 
. . . and save. 

Just call toll-free 
0 800 2703 


Euromarts 
At a Glance 

Eurobond Yields 

Jutrl5 JatvS YrMrtrrtar 

US. blew term 7J4 HA 7J4 6 Z 1 

UA Mate terra 7J3 - 545 

US. Si atari Ians 451 - til 458 

Pmwtea ml tas Ul - U2 426 

A«B<*iroacx rjt — 7Jb uo 

RofiraBn 1H1 - 1U2 751 

HMkm 7J3 - ' 754 UB 

tatalna ms - us 

ECU, ton* terra Ml — W 418 

ECWMaam 1 st - 7 JM sji 

CBUS 90 - 944 438 

ASfcS 144 - 9i49 4® 

HJLt . |7< - 174 if? 

Yn 4JH — 421 VB 

Saefot: Lumotbeun Stack Sxcnarac. 

WltUySalM 


Odd Errodecr 

S Nni s NbbS 

U3UB HUt IBi» 1U8459 

- 1JB 1U0 4238 

»« — 93400 OW 

X»M 2JDU8 18J7Z1B 4777/9 
SM9.10 v»ainj7tso i&ua 


Libor Rates 


Juiy 15 


tea 

MUt 

4 sjuslk 

U5.8 

49/14 

4Q/T4 

s* 

nmhrtamiiMfc 

-flh 

M 

41506 

Fteted state 

Jto 

5 » 

5% 

Fresaimc 

5% 

51U1S 

5UTM 

ecu 

5to 

sun 6 

Hk 

ra 

» 

tVH 

23 ns 

toorw; Umds bonk. Rev***. 



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I 


Nasdaq Crash Fuels 
Broker Outrage 


By Diana B. Henriques 

Mew York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Friday was 
a quiet day on the Nasdaq mar- 
ket Entirely too quiet 

Just as the country’s over- 
the-counter marketplace pre- 
pared to open its computer ter- 
minals for business Friday 
morning, its mainf rame system 
in Trumbull, Connecticut sim- 
ply passed out 

Before frantic technicians 
could revive the system and 
steady its pulse, more than two 
and a half hours had elapsed — 
more than ISO min utes in which 
there was no National Associa- 
tion of Securities Dealers Auto- 
mated Quotations system. 

Two-and-a-half hours is a 
vast stretch of time for a Wall 
Street stock trader, whose con- 
cept Of long-term planning is 
deciding which turn to make 
before the traffic light changes. 

Thus, the silent morning was 
quickly Tilled with outraged 
complaints from traders who 
wanted to buy or sell but could 
only sit and wait until 11:55 
A.M., when the market's brain 
was restored to consciousness. 

Because these computer sys- 
tems are the heart of Nasdaq — 
linked by telephone lines, they 
allow buyers and sellers to post 
and constantly update the 
prices at which they are willing 
to trade — the lapse cut total 
Nasdaq volume to just 206 mil- 
lion shares, compared with nor- 
mal daily volume of about 300 
million shares. 

Joseph R. Hardiman, the 
president and chief executive of 
Nasdaq, said Friday night that 
his staff had traced the problem 
to the installation of new com- 
munications software to link 
the Nasdaq system with the 
outside world. 

“We began rolling it out on 
Monday, and we would add a 
new feature to it each day," Mr. 
Har diman said. “On Monday, 
Tuesday and Wednesday, ev- 
erything went well. Ota Thurs- 
day, we had some minor glitch- 
es. And then this morning we 
added the fifth feature — and 
that caused an overload in the 


mainframe computers for some 
reason, and we had to take them 
down until we could cure the 
problem." 

Nasdaq operates a backup 
system in Rockville, Maryland. 
But that system, too, was hav- 
ing new software installed. Just 
like its counterpan in Connecti- 
cut, it took one look at this fifth 
addition to its software package 
and promptly keeled over. 

Mr. Hardim an said that there 
was nothing remiss in installing 
this new software on both the 
first-string computer and the 
backup at the same time, be- 
cause without the improved 
software, the backup would 
have been useless in any case. 

“It’s really for natural disas- 
ters, power failures, hardware 
problems — that son of thing," 
he said. “When you're dealing 
with operating software or com- 
munication software, it really 
doesn’t help you." 

Given today’s interconnected 
markets, the problems on Nas- 
daq were felt elsewhere — in the 
Chicago options pits, mutual 
fund offices, at newspapers, in 
Washington and on wall Street 
trading desks. 

Several stock indexes — the 
Standard & Poor’s 500 index, 
the Wilshire 2000, the Russell 
2000 — include Nasdaq stocks. 
While the market was shut 
down, the people who calculate 
the fluctuating values of those 
indexes were unable to get fresh 
prices for those Nasdaq stocks 
and simp ly had to do without, 
Mr. Hardnnan said. 

The glitch also made the poli- 
ticians who oversee the coun- 
try’s financial markets nervous. 
Friday night. Representative 
Edward Markey, a Democrat 
from Massachusetts who is the 
chairman of the House telecom- 
muni cations and finance sub- 
committee, said he had sent a 
letter to Mr. Hardiman de- 
manding an explanation of the 
shutdown. 

Meanwhile, Wall Street trad- 
ers had their hands fuD — doing 
more work to conduct fewer 
trades. 


Tata Reports a Hostile Bid 

.4 genet France-Prtsse 

NEW DELHI — Indian tycoon Ratan Tata said over the 
weekend that a corporate predator was out to grab the flagship of 
the Tata business dynasty. 

Mr. Tata, who returned to Bombay Saturday night from a visit 
to Europe, told the bi-weekly magazine Business Today that Tata 
Iron & Steel Co. was facing a hostile takeover threat. 

“The threat is from a nonresident Indian predator, for whom 
running TISCO could be an ambition,” said the 57-year-oid chief 
of the Tata group. “We do have specific information confirming 
our apprehensions, but I cannot say anything more at this stage.” 

Mr. Tata, a Cornell University graduate who became Tata’s 
chairman in 1991, said he would consider allowing a major 
international steel company to buy into the steel company as a 
“defense against a hostile bid.” 

Industry sources said the corporate sector had been shaken by 
Mr. Tata's revelation that someone was out to take over Tata Iron 
& SteeL 


WORLD STOCKS IN 

Via Agora FraraPraw 

Amsterdam 

Prices rose last week, pulled higher by 
stability in the recently weak dollar and tbe 
expiry of the exchange's monthly contracts. 

The AEX index rose from 385.84 points 
the previous week to close at 392.09. 

Dealers at ABN Amro bank said the 
market was likely to rise this week, picking 
up on an expected rally in London and 
Paris, that was expected to draw US. in- 
vestor interest back towards Europe. 

Among the leading issues last week, 
Akzo Nobel rose 6 to 199.50 guilders and 
Royal Dutch/Shell gained 1.40 to 190.10. 

Frankfurt 

German stocks rose last week, extending 
a rally that began in early June. The DAX 
30 share index ended Friday 2.08 percent 
higher, at 2,093.61 points. 

In June, the index rose 4.50 percent after 
falling 7 percent in May. 

The market’s advance last week was 
limited by losses in tbe chemicals sector, 
which is sensitive to the weak dollar. BASF 
fell by 5 Deutsche marks to 296.80 DM, 
Bayer dropped 7 DM to 340 and Hoecsht 
lost 5.40 DM to 314.60. 

Siemens rase 6.70 DM to 661.20. The 
electronics company said its orders in the 
first eight months rose 6 percent and it 
announced a 2.2 billion DM contract to 
provide a rail network in Bangkok. 

Hong Kong 

The Hang Seng index jumped 8.1 per- 
cent last week as investor fears of U.S. 
interest rate increases ebbed as the dollar 
recovered late in the week from early. 


SHORT COVER 


sharp losses. 
The Hang; 


The Hang Seng rose 684.06 to dose the 
week's trading at 9,117.02 on Friday. 

Following rises on (he London and New 
York markets, the key b ammeter had its 
largest angle-day gain in three months, 
surging 308.74 points on Friday. 

Brokers said buying was mostly from 
U.S, European and Japanese institutions. 

London 

The dollar’s recovery and some positive 
economic news helped London shares re- 
cover last week from recent disappoint- 
ments. 

The Financial Times-Stock Exchange 


index, of 100 leading shares closed at 
3,074.8 points on Friday, showing a weekly 
gain of 1 12.4 points, or 3.8 percent. 

British inflation held steady at 2.6 per- 
cent, the number of people raemplqyed in 
fell by 18,800 in. June, and average earn- 
ings were steady, showing a 3.75-percent 
monthly increase. 

Dealer predicted the market would rise 
this week, boosted by company results 
which were expected to improve. 

Among the sectors to lise^ oil stocks lifted 
cm the firmer price of Brent crude oti. BP 
rose 15 pence to 400, Bmrnah Casual was 
up 1(15 pence to 843, Enterprise OH was up 
23 pence at 427 and Shell Transport ana 
Trading was 13 pence higher at 710. 

BAT Industries, which received the go- 
ahead fiom the British government to pur- 
chase American Tobacco, rose 37 pence to 
436 while Thom EMI lifted 26 pence to 
1,065 on speculation that it was about to 
re o rgan iz e its music business. 

Aik) higher, the British Airports Author- 
ity rose 34 pence to 955 after passenger 
traffic rose an annual 9.1 percent in June. 

Milan 

Milan shares rose as the dollar’s recovery 
and the rise in London and Frankfurt 
boosted confidence despite a dispute over 
the Italian government's firmness in pursu- 
ing the country's corruption crackdown. 

Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi and the 
judiciary started a straggle over a govern- 
ment decree weakening the official anti- 
corruption probe, hitting market confi- 
dence in Mr. Berinsconfs stance on ttnics 
with Italian crime syndicates. 

The Mibtd index rose from 10,933 


points to 31,294 though the rise slowed 
Friday after the judges involved in the so- 
called Clean Hands inquiry asked for a 
transfer to other duties. 

Paris 

Prices rose for the second week running 
last week, although trading ended Wednes- 
day before the Bastille Day national holi- 
day on Thursday. 

The CAC-40 index rose 2.8 percent in 
three days, to 1,974.59 points, its best per- 
formance for a month. 

Worries over the dollar dampened the 


market’s optimism, and its late- week re- 
covery came after tbe Paris market dosed. 

Singapore 

Singapore shares rose last weekafterthe 
dollar stabilized. The key indicator, the 
Straits limes Industrials index aided the 
week 3538 points higher, at 2J98pomts, 
after dropping 11.69 points Monday. 

The broader-based SES all-Singapore 
index added 10.07 points, to 546.45 points. 

Activity was focused on Malaysian spec- 
ulative stocks and some smaQ issues. i 

Tokyo 

Buoyed by the recovery in the dollar, 
seen as easing pressure on Japanese ex- 
ports, share prices rebounded on the To- 
kyo Stock Exchange last week. 

The Nikkei Stock Average of 225 select-, 
ed issues in the first section rose 243.64 
points, to 20,770.15. The broader-based 
Tokyo Stock Price Index of all issues in the 
section rose 7 39 points to 1,668.47. - 

Brokers said, however, that investors 
were unlikely to return to the market in 
large numbers this week or next until they 
see the bottom of the doHaTs decline. . . . 

Electrical cable makers advanced sharp- ; 
ly after a news report about planned Con- 
struction of a major underground fiber-' 
optic network. Among them, Fuxukawa 
Electric gained 18 yen to 731 yen, Fujikura 
rose 19 yen to 875 yen and Mitsubishi 
Calbc Industries rose 17 yen to 859 yea. 

Zurich 

Prices fell last week, dragged down by 
poor results in the pharmaceuticals sector. ■ 
The Swiss Performance Index was down l. 8 
percent, or 3134 points, at 1,670.77 points. 

Dealers said the week was dominated by 
sales of shares in Roche, following. tbe news 
of worse-than-expected results fartfaenhar- . 
irwcmtirak malcwr in the first half . Rocfae 

fell 65 to 11,775 Swiss francs, dragging 
CTba-Geigy down 47 francs in its wake to 
730 and Sandoz fell 19 to 679- Foreign 
investors sold heavily, local dealers said. 

- Banks, however, rose against the trend 
and CS. Holding gained 11 Swiss francs to ' 
577 while UBS rose 2 francs to 1,166 and 
SBS edged up 1 franc to 401. 


KIM: A Longshot WTO Candidate? Seoul Wi dens Shar p Access 


Continued from Page 9 

GATT agreements and to ex- 
plore new trade rules related to 
trade and environment. But he 
was cautious about Western re- 
quests to expand ihe agenda to 
include competition policy, la- 
bor standards and technology 
policy. 

“We would have to build an 
intellectual basis for discussion 
— we have to know what we’re 
talking about,” he said. 

One of tire few negotiators to 
have been involved in the Uru- 
guay Round since its inception 
in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in 
1986, Mr. Kim is exceptionally 
knowledgeable, well-connected 
and highly regarded. “He’s a 
superb man.” said a Western 
diplomat in Seoul. “He’s a tal- 
ented negotiator and well-liked, 
but he’s a technocrat much 
more than he is a politician." 

He is also considered a long- 
shot for the post The United 
States has informally indicated 
support for outgoing Mexican 


president Carlos Salinas de 
Gonad, while Italy is behind 
Rena to Ruggiero, a Flat SpA 
executive. Brazil’s finance min- 
ister, Rubens Ricupero, is also 
considered a strong contender. 
Others may yet throw in their 

Analysts say there is much 
politicking in the air over which 
countries support who for both 
the WTO post and the leader- 
ship of Ora). 

“If the United States and Eu- 
rope lock horns, a candidate 
from a third country win be in 
an advantageous position,” one 
analyst said, adding that most 
of Asia, including Japan, was 
expected to support Mr. Kim. 
“The government thinks his 
chances are 50-50.” 

Mr. Kim’s selection, howev- 
er, would be ironic given that 
many here believe that the Uru- 
guay Round, which forced 
South Korea to partially open 
its rice market, was a net loss 
for the country. 


Agenee Trance-Prase 

SEOUL — The South Korean government is planning to 
increase foreign access to its stock market by the end of this 
year, local press reports said Sunday. 

Finance Minister Hong Jae-Hyong said Seoul would stick 
to a pledge to raise the ceding for foreign investment, current- 
ly set at 10 percent for each stock. 

The Economic Daily, the main business paper in Seoul, 
said tbe ceiling would be raised by between two and three 
percentage points, but that no change was likely before tire 
month of October. 


The government of Prescient 
Kim Young Sam hopes that 
having a South Korean to lead 
the WTO would help to neutral- 
ire domestic opposition, to trade 

liberalization. But the Western . 
diplomat said he feared that 
Seoul would use Mr. Kim to 
check further demands for 
opening South Korean markets. 

■ Geneva Likely WTO Site 
After a braising backstage 
battle, Geneva has apparently 


taken the lead, ahead of Bonn as 
the Ekdy site for the new World 
Trade * Organization; - due tto 
come into existence next year, 
GATT diplomats raid on Fri- 
day, Reuters reported fiom Ge- 
neva. 

Tbe diplomats were speaking 
after a meeting, that postponed, 
until Ttiesday a formal derision 
an a recommendation to tire 
WTO’s steering Preparatory 
Committee, which is due to 
make a final choice on Friday. 


LOS ANGELES (Reuters) — Michael 
the Walt Disney. Ox, was “recovering 
■ h i ivfi ^Wnwymy qnadnylecoropaiY bypass surgery, a mpany 

string tro and making derisions by late Sattuday^afteraopn^and 
that he was expected taretuin to work ‘in very 

operate in the' normal manner” during Mr. Eisner’s rwnqjerafion. 

litis is the second tnhe this year that top 
has suffered a blow. Theconmany’spresidejit, Frank G, Welk, died 
in April ina bdfcqpter crash m;east«o Nevada while on a sk. top. 

Bid Rumored for Boots Division 

• LONDON (Bloomberg) — A.group of investors headed by 
John Jackson, the «4n«»rman of Ladbroke Group FLC, is p lann i n g 
tobidlq) to £700 minion ($1 billion) for Boots Co.’spharrwceun- 
caiuhit, according to The Simday TiBaea. • . 

Robert Fleming & Co, the securities house assembling the 
group, is still approaching potential investors. Boots has already 
been approached by American Cy anami d Co. - and Haf slued 
Nycomed AS, who are interested in its pharmaceutical business, 
ilte newspaper-said. s ■ 

On Friday, HJ: Heinz Co.’s planned acquisition of Boots s 
Farley Health Products infant miTk and food business was ap- 
proved by Britain’s Department of Trade and Industry. 


• BEIJING (AP> — Chinese bankerahqpe to issue more than 200 
mjiKnn credit cards by the end of the decade, en din g Chinese 

t ^mnv^ '«T B di rio n^ieK«Mgbneadi;anofIkaaInewspapersaid 

- Sunday. , . 

: jEven Chinese businesspeople are mare apt to hringsuitcases.qf. 
cash 1 to. make maj or purchases or conclude deals than to use credit 
cardsor checks. .... , 

The China Daily’s Business Weekly quoted Li Ye of the 
People’ s Bank of China, the 'central bank, as raying development®, 
qf the credit card industry is a “crucial step in modernizing the 

riftttpri' y . financial industry _** ' ' 

Russia Seeks (loser Economic Ties 

MOSCOW (AFP) — Prime Minister Viktor S. Chernomyrdin 
has called for creation of a new union among former 

Soviet republics but has discounted reviving the' former Soviet 
Union in pofitical terms,' the Rnssxan press agency Itar-Tass said 
.Sunday. . 

“We want a union, but on an economic basis,” Mr. Chernomyr- 
din was quoted as saying. “We have the principles to unite us. We 
have rigid technoLogical ties. We must not ruin them. On the 
contrary, they must be strengthened and developed.” - - 

Mr. Chernomyrdin's remarks came u week after Ukraine and 
Belarus elected new preade n t a- fav oring renewed economic links 
with Russia* prompting Moscow.to. declare It would seek. to . 
cooperate more dosdy with both states. 

China To Give Access to Gold Mines 


BEIJING (Reuters) — T< 
invest in China’s protected! 


will finally gelt a chance to 
invest in China’s protected gc^minmgindnstty, but only in the 
most difficult and challenging areas, the official Xinhua news 
agency said Saturday. 

“China wfll sdcctmSy mtroduce overseas investment and tech- 
nologies to mine its gold resources that are of low-grade and hard 
to screen,” Xinhua said, adding that the program would be 


implemen ted on atrial hams 
The gold mines to beooene. 


The gold mincs to be opened to foreign companies will include 
hard-rock gold 'mines , with an effective content of less than 33 
grams for every ton and plaber ntines with a grid content of less 
than, two grams per critic meter, Xinhua said. Foreign companies 
wiH not be exempt from the regulation that makes the Chinese a 
riate the monopoly buyer otaB gold m rite country, . . " • ' 


FaB grid in dte cqtitatry. 


. •..o-at./-- k. 


Aircraft Builders Get NASA Grant 

SEATTLE (Bloomberg). — Boeing Co. and McDonndl Doug- 
las Gorp. have-received $440 nriffion from NASA- to develop 
technology for a stqxxsonic passenger jet, marking the first time 
tbe rival manufacturers are lufly cooperating era commercial 
aircraft technology. . 

The award from the National Aeronautics and Space Adminis- 
tration allow Boeing and McDonnell Douglas to continue devel- 
oping technologies for a superanric commercial airplane that 
would cany about 300 passengers at about 24 tunes the speed of 
sound. 


NASDAQ NATIONAL MARKET 


Consolidated trading for week 
ended Friday, July 15. 
(Continued) 


jgdes D*v Low Ose ow 

Gupta -2617411% 9%, 11* -1% 

GwinetS 40 24 9MV| 22ft 22*— 1 
Gvmbrce -1186844% 39 41 — % 


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Gambras 

Gamcwk 


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GOK2000 

GtwBCP 

OtwyCm 

GeerlWd 

GeN 

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GerwLTc 

GeneMed 

GaAltPr. 

GnBnd 

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GnCpt 

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GnNurrs 

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GenesCn 

GeneTtir 

Genetlwt 

Genetlrat 

Genicm 

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Genua 

Gereia wt 

Genta 

Gentex 

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Gem wt 
Genzy wt 
Garay Tr 
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GMamn 

GoBnd 

GeoT* 

Geowarta 

Gerlivwd 

GfmSv 

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GtorSti 

GiwnG 

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GfcbtA 

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Gfemle 

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_ 64172 6 22ft 24 .ft 

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- 891 9 7ft Bft ‘Tft 

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_ 1©1 «ft 
_ 878 10ft 
10a 11 326 4ft 

.17* 16 9377 67* 
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41*24 3029ft 

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JOB 3.2 13707 26ft 
_ 355 2ft 

_ 829428ft 


8ft B*i - 
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20 21ft 
4ft 4ft 
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Bft 4ft 
25ft 26ft 
12ft 12ft 
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20 20ft 

21 21ft 
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29ft 33ft 
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HydPhr - 1117 Jft 3ft W M ‘W« 

Hvcor 452 Sft 5 5 —ft 

Hycorwl _. 1 ft ft ft —ft 

HydeAlti _ 269 5 4ft 5 _ 

HydeAlB ^ 977 5 4V« 4ft —ft 

MytJrTCh -10184 Sft 5 5ft -Vi* 


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_ 163 Sft Tft 2ft 

_ 1754 Sft Sft Sft -ft 

149 14 240 20ft 20 20ft —ft 

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_ 5001 32ft 30ft 31ft -1ft 

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- 690 6ft 6 6ft —ft 

_ 330S2BV. 27ft 28ft -I 

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140 74 131 20ft 19ft 19ft —ft 

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_ 490 9ft 8 - 9ft - 
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_ 1435 7ft 6ft 7ft *ft 

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- 2230 23ft 31 23ft -1ft 

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72 24 1251 9ft 8 9ft -ft 

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_ 977 20ft 19ft 19ft —ft 

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2093 6ft Sft 6ft ‘ft 

■05 14 92 2ft 2ft Ift -ft 

.14 !J 535 10ft 10 10ft —ft 

_ 149613ft 17ft 12ft —ft 

_ 114934ft 33ft 34 —ft 

_ 16711'/) II lift *ft 

- 606 lift 10% Uft —ft 

_ 61526 29ft 25'-'* 26ft *ft 

_ 211 Oft Oft Oft —ft 

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_ 1940 9ft 9 9 _ 

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32 U 54891 18ft 14ft Uft— Uft 

_ 1056 9ft 8ft 9ft - ft 

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- 3933 7ft 6ft 6ft —ft 

.18 1.9 385 9% 8ft f'A -ft 

_ . 450 9ft 9ft 9ft -ft 

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36 13 187311ft lift lift —ft 

.14 34 *101 4"A, 4ft 4' 1 /— — V- 
_ 401 Jft 3ft 3ft —ft 

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- 9981 10ft 10 10ft —ft 
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- 2873 25% 24ft 24ft —ft 

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_ 2554 13ft 12% 13 -ft 

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32ft 34ft _ 
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12ft 12ft —ft 
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34 36 ‘2 

22 22 ft ‘ft 

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12 13ft ‘1ft 
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KBKCOP 

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KOi9l2*C 
Kanai 44 
Komaiit MS 

KetyOB 
Kcun 35 

KeaeW 

Kenfchpl 

Kerita 

KntcKvS 

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- 1251 Uft 

_ 182 2W 

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63 421 316 
19 *410 3ft 

- 2663 4ft 

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- 353 17% 

4J ,264 4% 

- 1754 9ft 

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- 326 ft 


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20ft ‘ft 
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ft. —9* 


LATSpt _ 272 5ft 4% Sft ♦% 

LOWS, -16246 15% 13ft 15 ‘ft 

Laintpf 1JZS S3 3*2924 22 34 ‘Ift 

LCS .10 14 2 7 7 7 _ 

LDOSa -44762 19ft 16ft Uft ‘1ft 

UUCP .14 4J 361 4 3ft 3ft ‘ft 

LFSBOi -05 • J 840 18 17 U ‘ft 

LSBNCS At 2.1 86 21 19 21 ‘2 

Lama as J thmov. 10 10 - 

LTX -13816 3ft Ift 3 "ft 

LVMHf J9r 1^ 10531ft 30ft 31ft ‘1ft 
- 43013 12 U ‘1% 

LaJoflPh _ 7487 5ft 4BV. 5 —ft, 

LaJaff»wt _ 2938 ■%, ft ft _ 

UaCTCM* _ 156 lift lift lift _ 

UKlOne 31 XS 452 !?% 17ft 18ft ‘ft 
LOCMMSI - 3614% >3 13 — % 

LaddFr .12 14 2026 7% 6ft 6% +ft 
LodyLuCk - 2M 7ft TA 7% ‘ft 

LatAH* 1489 Sft 5% Sft —ft 

UAaaPI Mai J 7222 20% 22 +1 

1-afcBind _ 65 3% 3ft 3% - 

LakevwSv 46* A 98516% 15% 16% *% 

LomRtj -2179*31% 29 30 ‘h 

Lanastr At 1 3 2535 48% 47% 47ft — % 
Lance M 44 631820% 17 70%,‘2t%. 
LancO _ 334 13ft 13ft 13ft ‘ft 

Lcmtwlr _ am 19ft 18% 19 —ft 

UfmkBc I - 10 8 7ft 7ft +% 

LqndBnc 45* 4*181312 11% lift ‘lfc 

LdmkGptt _ 903733ft 2B% 32% ‘2ft 

Lxndrya _ 136021ft 18ft 19% ‘ft 

Londxir - 5484 31ft 29 31ft ‘2 

Lann« - 1416 Tft 6% 7 —ft 

Lanopdc - 559 6ft 5% 6% ‘ft 

LoserPr _ 1866 4ft 3ft 4ft ‘ft 

Lasnrftc - 843010% Sft 10% ‘1ft 

Laxncp _ 695 5ft 4ft Sft ‘ft 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 


Page 13 


Heat and Looming Alps Take Further Toll in Tour 


-By-Saxond Abt. 

htunvaiaial Herald Tribune 

MONTPELLIER, France — 
TrvAmg drawn and stunned, 
fiiawni Bagno sat at a table 
Sunday monring and tried to 
explain: why be would not be 
starting the 14th stage of the 
Tourde France in a few min- 
utes. No sparic, 8aid Bugno, an 
Italian who finished second in 
the Tour in 1991 and who won 
the world road-race champion- 
ship that same year and the year 

after. 

No spark, the leader of the 
Fold team repeated wearily, no 
legs and no ambition. He had 
suffered enough since the 81st 
Tom began July 2, He could see 
2 X 0 . point in con tinning for the 
final week, induing four days 
of ctimbiQg in the Alps. 

Edwig Van Hooydondc, a 

< Tfj Ttr m 


Roberto Sna, a Spanish 
rider with ONCE, did not call 


press conferences to explain 
why they were not starting Sun- 
day. The continuing heat wave, 
with temperatures reaching 93 
degrees Fahrenheit (34 centi- 
grade), and the rapidity of the 
daily stages spoke far them. 

“Fm fried, said Lance Arm- 
strong, an American who rides 
for Motorola. “Totally fried” 

He turned to a teammate, 
Stephen Swart, a New Zealand- 
er. “You fried?" 

“I was fried a week ago,” 
Swan replied. 

“And I couldn’t sleep last 
’right,” Armstrong continued in 
bis litany of woe; “Too hoL 1 
fell asleep finally about 1 A.M. 
and then write op soaked in 
sweat at 5.” 

His agony will end Monday, 
when he is scheduled to drop 
out cuf the Tour, just before the 
Alps, to save his strength for 
defending bis title of worid 
champion in the professional 
road race late in August. 


Unlike IS of the 159 ridera 
who started the 202-kilometer 
(125 J-nrile) stage from Castres 
to MontpelHer, Armstrong and 
Swart made it to the finish. 
Each trailed in 5 minutes, 56 
seconds behind with the pack as 
a five-man breakaway was al- 
lowed to lead the Tour eastward 
through the steamy and enthu- 
siastic Languedoc region. 

In a cat-and- mouse dud dur- 
ing the last kilometer, Rolf Sor- 
ensen, a Dane with GB-MG, 
edged Nefl Stephens, an Aus- 
tralian with ONCE. Sorensen, 
the better sprinter, slowed and 
waited until Stephens dashed 
for the line, then came around 
him to record the second 
successive Danish victory. 

They were both timed in 5 
hours, 1 1 minutes, 4 seconds, a 
speed of 38.9 kilometers an 
hour (24 mph) over a series of 
manor climbs and descents. 

Two of their accomplices in 
the breakaway came in 1:13 too 


late: Rolf Jaermann. a Swis 
with GB-MG, was third, fd- 
lowed by Massimo Ghirotzo, a 
Italian with ZG MobHi, an Itd- 
ian team and not a Mario Lama 
golden oldie. Fifth, 2 more so 
ends behind, was Pascal Herd 
a Fren chman with Festina. 


The pack, controlled by W- 
guel Indurain’s Banesio man, 
was content to have five rid<rs 
low in the time standings man- 
tain a big lead and thus discoir- 
age other a tt a ck s. Sorensen, or 
example, started in 46th pice 
overall. 34:29 behind Indursn, 
and Stephens was 85th, 5553 
behind. 


When the overall leaders in- 
ched 5:56 after them, the Dine 
rose only to 40th place andlhe 
Australian to 64th among the 
141 riders left. Indurair a 
Spaniard who is seeking md 
gaming his fourth consecnive 
victory in the Tour, con Lined 
in the yellow jersey by 7:56 <ver 


Ri chard Virenque, a French- 
man. 

In the language of profes- 
sional cycling, this was termed a 
transitional stage because it 
leads from one set of moun- 
tains, the Pyrenees, to another. 
Although a transitional stage is 
usually full of incident but not 
casualties, this one was chocfca- 
block with them. 

As early as the first climb, 
amid cattle pastures and fields 
slacked with rolls of hay, riders 
began falling behind. The climb 
up the Cdte de la Fontesse was 
nme kilometers long, true, and 
rated second category on an as- 
cending scale of four to one in 
difficulty, but tbe gradient was 
only 5 percent. 

The action was led by Peter 
de Ckrcq, a Belgian with Lotto 
who wore the polka-dot jersey 
of best climber for the Tour's 
first nine days by piling up 
points on similarly small 
climbs. 


SIDELINES 


Christie Will Miss Goodwffl Gomes 


LONDON (Reuters) - Olympic and wodd 109-meter champion 
.Linford Christie will miss tire Goodwill Games in St Petersburg 
this week after tearing a hamstring at the Loudon Grand Prix. 

Christie pulled up near the Hne in. the. 100 meters on Friday 
dutchmg the bade of his left leg. “He stQl doesn’t know the 
seriousness of the injmyandhe will be seeing; his specialist in 
•Germany an Tuesday,” said his manager. Sue ! 


Fatting Steadily Behind Indurain, 
2d-Place Rominger Quits the Tour 


Keen an Claims Breach of Contract 


’* NEW YORK — Coach Mike Keenan says a breach of contract 
‘ is the reason for his leaving the Stanley Oip champion New York 
- Rangers, and the Rangers Keenan of a capricious split- 

j ting of contractual hairs. 

> Beyond saying that a “substantial” amount of' money was 
involved, Keenan, 44, refused to discuss specifics. “The alleged 
breach,” according to the Rangers* parent company, Madison 
■ Square Garden, “refers to a one-day delay in Mr. Keenan's receipt 
of his bonus, which is one payment in a multiyear, mritmrilHon- 
. - dollar contract. - 


By Samuel Abt 

tnumakmal Herald Tribune 

ALBI, France — Two weeks 
to the day that be started the 
Toot de Ranee as a co-favorite, 
Tony Rominger coasted to the 
side of tiie road Saturday, sur- 
rendered his rider’s number and 
dropped out of the race; 

Although the nffieisi expla- 
nation by his Mapei-Glas team 
was gastroenteritis, the unoffi- 
cial and more widely believed 
cause was total loss of morale: 


L For the Record 


TriatUoa and tea kwoo do will probably be incfaided as medal 
_ sports by the turn of the century md boxing win remain an 
Olympic sport, accordi n g ip tiie International Olympic Commit- 
tee president, Juan Antonio Samaranch. (AP) 

Rudy Tomjauwkh, the NBA champion Ho uston Rockets’ 
! «goach, was cleared of a drunken drives allegation when prosecu- 
' l %xs threw out the charge because of Insufficient evidence. Torn- 
jariovkh, 45, was arrested Wed n e s d ay after he refused to take a 
sobriety test'. .- - • / . •- — . (AEX 


Rominger denied this later. 

“I have a problem,” he said in 
a calm and flat voice at a press 
conference. “Tve had the prob- 
lem far three days and today 1 
paid for it I was over my limit.” 

Asked if the problem was 
purely physical, he bristled. 

“Yes, only physical,” he re- 
plied testify in his one show of 
emotion. 

The Swiss rider, who finished 
second overall in last year’s 
Tour and was second Saturday 
when he abandoned, has been 
crushed three times in the last 
■week by-Migael Indurain, who 


is Railing along toward his 
fourth consecutive victory in 
the world's greatest bicycle 
■ race: 

First the Spaniard left his 
main rival 2 minutes behind in 
Monday’s time trial Then he 
rained 2 minutes, 19 seconds in 
Wednesday’s first climb in this 
81st Tour, after which Ro~ 
xnmger revealed that he had a 
stomach afimem. On Friday, 
Indurain added 3:09 in the ma- 
jor stage over the Pyrenees. 

The total bidndntg time ac- 
crued in other stages, added up 
to 7:56, winch left Rominger in 
second place but discouraged. 

At a press conference Thurs- 
day, he said that he had recov- 
ered from his illness and that he 
would carry on to the end in 
Paris on July 24 even though he 
knew he now was in a battle for 
second, not first, place. 

People dose to him reported, 
however, how frail his resolve 
had become. 

Victory in this Tour meant so 
much to Rominger, the No. 1 
rider in computerized rankings 


of the world’s top 800 profes- 
sionals. The winner of the 
Vuelta a Espana, another three- 
weds: race, in May. the Swiss 
had even prepared for his chal- 
lenge to Indurain by traveling 
to Vail Colorado, to train for 
three weeks in June. 

When he quit he was strug- 
gling behind the pack about 
two- thirds of the way through 
the 223-kilometer (1383-mile) 
stiflmgfy hot and humid stage 
fromBagn&rcs de Bigorre in the 
Pyrenees to the splendid red- 
brick dty of AIbi in the Midi 

“I can’t remember what I was 
thinking about when I quit,” 
Rominger said later, replying to 
a question at his press confer- 
ence: 

“Disappointment is hard,” 
he said in French, one of a half- 
dozen languages he speaks. 
Then he added m En g lish , “My 
disappointment is too hard to 
explain.” He said that he had 
not cried. 

Bjarne Riis, a Danish rider 
with Gewiss, won the stage by 
leaving behind a seven-man 
breakaway 11 kilometers Iron] 



• 

Piacrf Powni'Ajmcc I 

Tony Rominger bemgcoosoied after dropping out 


He is as much king of the 
mountains, however, as he is 
king of the Belgians. Once the 
Tour readied tbe Pyrenees last 
Wednesday he dropped off the 
chart. 

WhDe he regained a few 
points by topping the rise first 
and heading into a gentle de- 
scent through a fresh-smelling 
pine forest, the pack was strung 
out behind him. The noon sun 
and fatigue were taking their 
toll 

First to quit was Mario 
Stirca, an Italian with PoltL On 
tbe second climb, up the third - 
category C6te de Combespin- 
asse, De Qercq was nowhere to 
be seen as more riders began 
faltering. Chris tophe Capefle, a 
Frenchman with Gan, went out 
of the race and so did Jacky 
Durand, a Frenchman with 
Castorama and a stage winner 
last week. 

Sixteen riders attacked short- 
ly afterward and the Dumber at 
the front dwindled to five on 
the next climb, the third-cate- 
gory Fonfroide Pass. Down the 
970-meter (3,200-foot) hill the 
five went, leaving behind a hint 
of coolness and returning to the 
furnace of the Agout River val- 
ley. 

Indurain’s Banesio team 
worked hard to overtake the 11 
riders caught between tbe pack 
and the leaders since there was 
a dangerous rider among them. 
He was Marco Pantanl an Ital- 
ian with Carrera, who ranked 
seventh overall and is a fine 
climber for the Alps. 

When the 11 were swallowed 
up, the breakaway’s lead was 
just 2 minutes. Once Banesio 
relaxed, the lead rose to a peak 
of 1 1 minutes and the five rode 
unchallenged and saluted by an 
immense number of fans along 
the road. Behind the break- 
away, a dozen more riders de- 
cided they could not go on. 

With 18 kilometers remain- 
ing. Stephens attacked. Soren- 
sen was the only one who could 
stay with him and they worked 
perfectly together to head for 
the finish line, tbe decisive wait- 
ing game and then sprint in this 
transitional stage. 


the finish and then boldng off 
all 158 other riders tc coast 
home free by 9 seconc. His 
time was 5 hours, 14 mnutes. 


48 seconds, or 42.5 kilometers 
an hour (26 mph), harder than a 
person should have to work in 
such a heat wave. 


It's easy to subscribe 
h Belgium 

just call: 0 BOO 17538 


NASDAQ NATIONAL MARKET 


Consolidated trading for week 
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1 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 


SPORTS 



U.S., Sweden, Germany and Russia Gain Semis 


Compiled by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

ROTTERDAM — Jim Courier put the 
United States in the Davis Cup semifinals 
Sunday with a 6-3, 6-4. 4-6. 6-1 victory 
over Jacco Eltingh after the Netherlands' 
Richard Krajicek had upset Pete Sampras, 
2-6. 7-5, 7-6 (7-5), 7-5, to tie the best-of- 

five quarterfinal 

The United States will next play Swe- 
den, which advanced along with Germany 
and Russia with singles victories Sunday. 

Eltingh. ranked 5 1st in the world, played 
his best tennis against the llth-ranked 
Courier but was still broken in the fifth 
and ninth games of the first set 

A powerful forehand pass gave Courier 
set point in the next set before Elting h hit 
a shot into the forehand court for what 
looked like a sure winner. But Courier 
chased down the ball for a stunning pass- 
ing shot 

The American broke service twice in the 
decisive fourth set 

Krajicek's unforced errors allowed Sam- 
pras to break in the first and seventh 
games of their first set which be won on an 
ace. 


“If anything 1 feel 1 1 
tigued,” he said. "Tv 
matches in the last nx 
toll." 

With his confidence 
cek’s serve began to 1c 
the second set and he w 
Sampras gave him a sel 
hand error. 

Sampras drove Kxaj 
into the net and an excit 
ed one set all. 

A backhand return fi 
him the first mini-break 


little mentally fa- 
played so many 
ltb, it's taking its 


mounting, Kraji- 
4c more secure in 
ien he reached 6-5 
point with a fore- 


ik’s next return 
1 crowd celebrat- 


□ Krajicek gave 

the third set tie 


DAVIS 


But in the second sel the shape of the 
match changed dramatically, with Sam- 
pras beginning to show signs of fallibility 
and sluggishness. 


break and a service ace upk him to 6-3 and 
three set points. Krajicej failed to return 
Sampras* two serves but pd again to take 
the set 

In the fourth set Samp is saved a break 
point at 3-3. but Krajicek >roke in the 1 1 th 
game and served out f - the match to 
tumultuous applause. 

“If I play weU, 1 know 1 an beat anyone, 
I proved that today.” said i jubilant Kraji- 
cek. 

In Saturday’s doubles, ie experience of 
Paul Haarhtns and El ting was enough to 
give them a 2-6, 7-6 (8-6), 3, 6-7 (2-7), 6-2 


“If I play well 1 know 1 
I proved that today." salt 


e experience of 
was enough to 
3, 6-7 (2-7), 6-2 


victory over the rookie duo of Richey Ren- 
eberg and Jared Palmer, which cut the U.S. 
lead to 2-1. 

Russia's two-man team clawed its way 
back in St. Petersburg by winning both 
reverse singles against the Czech Republic 
for a 3-2 victory. 

Andrei Olkhovsky ensured a semifinal 
berth by beating Slava Dosedel 6-2, 2-6, 7- 
6 (7-3), 6-3, in the fifth match. 

Earlier, Yevgeni Kafelnikov lived up to 
his billing as Russia's new tennis sensation 
by beating Peter Korda. 6-4, 6-1. 2-6, 6-4. 

Korda and Cyril Suk had put the Czechs 
up, 2-1, by winning Saturday’s doubles 
against Kafelnikov and Olhovskiy, 3-6, 6- 
4, 4-6, 6-3, 7-5. 

The Russians will meet Germany in the 
semifinals Sept 23-25. 

In Cannes, Stefan Edbexg put Sweden in 
the se mifinals as he beat Cidric Pioline of 
France, 6-4, 6-3, 6-1, in the first of Sun- 
day’s reverse singles. 

In the meaningless second singles, re- 
duced to best of three sets, France's Olivier 
Ddaitre beat Henrik Holm, 6-4. 6-3. 

In Saturday’s doubles, Jan Apell and 
Jonas Bjorkman of Sweden easily beat 
Delaitre and Jean-Pbilippe Fleurian, 6-1, 
6-4, 6-4. 

In Halle, Germany, Michael Stich beat 


Sergi Bniguera, 7-6 (7-4), 5-7, 7-5, 6-2, in a 
seesaw match over on grass- to clinch de- 
fending champion Germany’s victory over 
Spain. 

Stich warded off a set ball in the third set 
and went on to win a three-hour struggle. 
Bruguera, the two-time French Open win- 
ner, is ranked fourth in the world. The 
German is ranked third. . 

That put Germany ahead, 3-1, and made 
the last singles match, between Spain’s 
Jordi BuriUo and Marc Godlner, meaning- 


Borotra, French Star, Dies ot 95, 


-m r T 


Until Stich, the 1991 Wimbledon win- 
ner, took control of the match in the final 
set, the contest was a roller-coaster ride. 
Service breaks and spectacular rallies were 
common. 

Stich won both bis singles matches and 
the doubles to propel Germany into the 
semifinals as the country hopes to add to 
Davis Cup titles in 1988, 89 and 93. 


Germany had taken a 2-1 lead on Satur- 
day as Stich and Karsten Braasch pounced 


on Tomas CarboneB’s weak serve to win 
the doubles, 6-3, 7-6 (8-6), 6-2. 

CarboneU, who teamed up with Bru- 
guera, had his serve broken three times and 


faced constant pressure by the Germans. 
He double-faulted at set point to cost 


Spain the second set. 


The Assodeoed Traa 

BIARRITZ, France v- Jean Borotra, 
one of France’s legendary “Four Muske- 
teers” teymfc champ ions - who dominated . 
the sport for 10 years in the 1920s and 
’30s, died: ^Sunday. He whs 95. 

Borotra’s family said he died at his 
home in Arbonne, near tins resort city on 
France's southern Atlantic coast No 
cause of death was given. 

The death leaves 90-year-old Renfe La- 
coste, known .now for his alligator-em- 
blem sportswear, as the sole survivor of 
the feared foursome. Jacques Bnigson 
died in.. 1978, and Henri Cochet in 1987. 

Borotra, dabbed ‘The Bouncing 
Basque,” won the Wimbledon men’s sin- 
gles m 1924 and 1926, lost three times to 
other Musketeers, and won the doubles 
in 1925. 

He captured the French Open single s 
crown in 1931 and the doubles title three 

times, and won the Australian Open sin- 
gles, doubles and mixed doubles in 1928. 

Borotra held the record for the Hard- 
highest number erf appearances in the 
Davis Cup finals, with nine, and played 
in the tournament a record 17 years. His 


squads won the cup from j$27 through 
1932 . They lost tbe finals in 1925, 19-6 

^The^era was tbe most -golden for 
At WUbledon, the 

world's top rouman^ionerftl^.^ 

years, fn®% thioogm 
fiSr Frenchman in the finals 

at last won the Dav» 
Grozin in 1991, after a 59-y<*r wait, 
Borotracan* to the locker room. 

“Thank you, guys," Borotra deadpan- 
ae dL “1 don’t know-how much longer I 

C0 ^ 1 fS / BiaSteto a well-to-do fanrfly, 
Borotra atr«hed_lawbutmad^foi^ 


Borotra studied law but made a iortune 
crfKng motors for gasoline pumps during 

an era when tennis was an amateur sport 

Har-hi* about the COUTt lO Z72S White 


(AP, NYT, Reuters) 


an era wnen — rr r c-~ 

Racing about the court in his white 
flannel trousers and beret, Borotra was a 
deadly voUcyer and astute match player. 
His enthusiasm made him a great favor- 
ite with the crowds. . _ _ 

• Borotra, always modest, said in law 
years, “I had no serve at aD, but how I 
loved to play.” 


r*— 





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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 


Page 15 


I 


.-w 

Price, With 50-Fdot Eagle at 17, Tramps Pamevik by 1 in Open 





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hnibefed up and stayed that way as he overcame Ae five back-nine birdies carded by Jesper Pamevik- 

The Final-Round Scores Q*1_R nimil Rinlio Tfiav 


By Leonard Shapiro 

Washington Past Service 

TURNBERRY. Scotland — As Nick 
Price walked np to the 17th green to survey 
his good work and a 50-foot putt for an 
eagle, be turned to his caddie, Jeff Medlen. 
and said, “We haven’t made a long putt all 
week, let’s give it a shot." 

In the end. it was a shot beard ’round the 
world of golf, a shot for the ages and the 
memory banks of anyone who witnessed it, 
a shot that would be a death blow to the 
hopes of young Jesper Pamevik, the 29- 
year-old Swede who nnd made a mistake of 
his own by never looking at a leader board 
until it was too late. 

It was a 15-meter shot that traveled 
about 17 paces slightly downhill and broke 
about eight inches from left to right before 
dying into the right hand comer of the cup. 
It was a shot for an eagle 3 on the 498-yard 
hole that vaulted Price in to the lead at long 
last in the 123d British Open, And when he 
made the final two-foot putt for as perfect 
a par as could be expected under the most 
extraordinary circumstances, the silver 
Claret Jug was finally in his possession. 

“In 1982, I had my left hand on this 
trophy and in 1988 1 had my right hand on 
this trophy,” Price told the thousands ring- 
ing the fairway and up in the bleachers 
during an emotional victory ceremony for 
one of the game's most popular players. 


“Now I've finally got both hands on it and 
boy, does it fed good.” 

In 1982, Price had squandered a three- 
stroke lead in the final six holes that al- 
lowed Tom Watson to win at Royal Troon. 
In 1988, be fought Seve Ballesteros all the 
way around before succumbing at the end. 
But on this day of hazy sunshine, imper- 
ceptible breezes and high drama down the 
stretch, this time Price persevered, winning 
his fourth tournament of this season and 
the winner's purse of $176,000. 

“It's amazing,” said the 37-year-old na- 
tive of Zimbabwe who now lives in Orlan- 
do, Florida. “When you reach down deep 
inside yourself, you sometimes surprise 
yourself. Today, I surprised myself a tittle. 
It’s a fairy tale ending.” 

With a final round that was saved from 
disaster by two remarkable salvages of par 
at the 13th and 14th holes. Price finished 
off his fabulous 4-under 66 the way players 
are taught, and champions respond. It was 
birdie at the 16th, eagle at the 17th, par at 
the 18th for a 12- under score of 268 and a 
one-stroke margin over Pamevik. the 
stunned Swede who thought he had to 
birdie the 18th hole in order to win, when 
only a par was necessary. 

Because he made the same no-peeking- 
ai-the-scoreboard mistake as young Ernie 
Els at the U.S. Open last month, Pamevik 
decided to play for the flag instead of the 


FkMl son* Saoday on H» 4.!37-yvd, par. 


70 ABn Coune M TuntorrY (MooMr): 

DmM Guard 



DcminoD HanaBai 

Nick Price 

69-6W7-M— M3 


Jospcr Parmrvk 


Joon Van d* veftfe 

Fuzzy Zonlv 

71-44-64-70 — 77! 

Davit low IU 

Marie James 

72-47-46-44—373 

Jombo Ozakr 

David Fahtrtv 

iNNMMn 

jm GoOHTtarJr. 

Anders Panbrend 

73-71-46-64-273 

Daria Edwwdt 

Brad Faxon 

37-45-67-73 — 274 

Gres Krofl 

MS* Fbkto 

75-66-70-64 — 275 

Hmwd TteMy 

Tan Kite 

71-67-66-69 — 775 

Daria Frost - - 

Coin Montgonterte 

72-4M5-0— 27S 


Lurry MJzo 

73-69-64-70-376 


Rusiefl Chrvdan 

72-71-48-45-374 

Tkultasa WManobe. ■■ 

Murk Mrttity 

71-70-68-67— 276 

War Solar 

Frank Mobile 

69-67-72-68 — 276 

John cook 

Jrottan Lomu 

64-70-72-61 — 176 

Touneyutd. Nakafraa 

Marie CataMceMa 

71-70-67-48—274 

artei watts 

Gres ttrmen 

71-0-0-0 276 

Rob McFarkm ■ 

Tom WMsan 


Robert AUflrby 

Romm Rafferty 

71-64-45-74-176 

Wayne Grady 

Wtay Snoh 

7O-4B-0-7O— 277 

Bombard Longer - 

Mori: Brooks 

74-66-71-49—277 

Gortfen BronlSr. - 

Cm Turner 

46-71-715-71—277 

Hmkne MuchU 

Poser Senior 

68-71-47-71 — 277 

Curtsy O’Gmor 

Andrew CeOan 

71-0-66-73— 27B 

fter-Ltet* JoAanuen 

Mike Sorinaer 

72-67-48-71 — 271 

Stevte BkteoKw 

Laron Roberts 

6848-49-73—279 

MnV Roe 

ftjier Jaconsen - • 

69-70-47-73-278 

UW*aamab 

Crab Binder 

71-60-46-71 — 278 

Carl Mmon 

Paul Lmurta 

71-0-7B-68 — 278 

Ruben Mvaraz 

JeH Maouort 

69-74-6748 — 271 

o- Warren Branatt ; 

Tom Lehman 

70-0-70-69—378 

Wayne Rfey 

Terry Price 

7445-7148— 271- 

Sandy Lyte 

Bob Estes 

73-68-7246—278 

crate Rmaid 

Ernie E% 

69-69-49-7! — 271 

cosn ones 

Mark Doris 

7548-047-379 

Ben Owutow 

Leo Jttnzen 

74-49-6947 — 279 

Crate Pbttv 

C.-Si EWmo 

69-60-7348—279 . 

Jookfen HMMsnan 

J»C? Mario Ounkwl 

72*71-4948—388 - 

ttnmhg 

Seve BoHeUBus 

70-70-71 48— 210 

JobnDefv ' 


7W7fr-7W0-an 

7348-72-6*— MO 
. n-dWTi-o-an 


3d-Round Birdie Barrage Left Watson Straining 


st-To-Ti-n—m. 

■ nsrst-M-m 

. 69-71-46-74—3 BQ 

73-68-0-71— 2*1 
n-&s-n>72— an 

71- 7246-72— m 

79-71-71-70—2*2 

"*63449-70-30 

0-0-714V-2B2 

72- 7148-71 — 2*1 
77-72JB-7O-0B 

73- 47-70-73—253 
73-44-0-73-2*3 
0-70-71-74-01 
68-7*47-74— 3D 

' 72-0-0-75—384 
0-74^7-75-254 
72-70-79-71-384 
72-71-73-44— -254 

72- 71-71 -70—384 
. 71-0-71-73 — 344 

73- 0-0-73-3*4 

71- 72-73-0— 351 

74- 48-73-70—335 

72- 71-73-70—285 
0-71-33-72—05 

70- 71-71-72—3*5 
72-47-74-73—294 

. 77-44-70-73— 3B4 

71- 73-33-73-297 
71-7322-73—30 

71- 70-72-75—38* 
732323-29-30, 

72- 68-73-7 & — 30 
71-73-0-77—3*9 
'70-33237*— 01 
49-33-72-0— J*2 


Washington Past Sendee 

TURNBERRY, Scotland — Wat- 
son’s worst-case weather scenario 
played out Saturday at too- tame 
Turnberry, when sparkling skies and 
just the hint of a breeze turned the 
course into just another, birdie sanc- 
tuary by the sea. 

That allowed Zodler and Faxon to 
take a one stroke lead over Watson 
and put numerous players back into 
the abase for the championship. 

Aiming for a record-tying sixth ti- 
de, Watson wanted windy and wild 
elements, the tougher the better. In- 
stead, the 36-hole leader found him- 
self under attack on all fronts. 

Watson scrambled to a respectable 
round of 69 that included birdies on 
the last two holes but also two missed 
par putts inside 2!4 feet that cost him 
at least a share of the lead 

Playing up ahead, of him, Faxon 
and Price .were applying the most 
visible and audible pressure, the 
sound that only birdies can produce. 
In fact, 42 men In the remaining field 


of 81 would post rounds in the 60s on 
the vulnerable, par-70 course. 

Zodler fired a third-round 64. 
Faxon did his part with a 67 to tie at 
9-under 201. Faxon hadn't made a 
bogey since the 13th hole Thursday, a 
stretch of 41 holes. 

Price was not as fortunate, bogey- 
ing the 18th for the second straight 
day, which left him at 67-202, tied for 
second with Watson, Pamevik (68) 
and Rafferty (65). 

Four groups ahead of Watson and 
Pamevik, Zoeller was merely shoot- 
ing a round one stroke off the British 
Open record of 63. It began when he 
hit a wedge to within a foot of the 
350-yard opening hole for the first of 
seven birdies in ms round, which fea- 
tured four putts between 20 and 25 
feet and ended with a chance to win 
the third major of his career. 

“I would not be sitting here if 1 
didn’t think I bad another major left 
in me,” said Zoeller, 42. 

Whistling happily down every fair- 
way, Zoeller was perfectly matched 
with David Feherty of Northern Ire- 


land, known on the PGA Tour and 
before that the European circuit as a 
free-spirited soul who loves to tell a 


come freely and easily, so did the 
birdies. Feherty, who had to qualify 
to make the field, shot 66 and was 


now at seven-under 203 and very 
much in contention. 

“We’re great friends,” Feherty 
said. “He thought we should walk a 
little slower. We hung back, with 
people in front of us not being fast. 
We got into a nice rhythm.” 

“1 didn’t feel anywhere as nervous 
as I did in the second round of quali- 
fying,” Feherty added. “I didn’t want 
to go home and watch it on the box. 
It's a nightmare.” 

Lurking at 206 were Larry Mize, 
with a 64, Tom Kite (66), and Craig 
Stadler (66), major champions all. At 
207 were U.S. Open champion Ernie 
Els (69) and Greg Norman (69), the 
defending champion. 

Norman opened with two birdies 
in his first four holes, only to double- 
bogey the 410-yard 16th when he hit 


a dreadful wedge that spun back off 
the led^e of the putting surface and 
down into Wilson's bum guarding 
the green. 

“ft was 88 yards to the front edge 
of the green and I hit it 85," Norman 
sard. “That was it- 1 was in the ball- 
game right up to 16 basically.” 

But anyone that dose could still be 
in the swing on Sunday. 

“If we have good weather like this, 
well have a shootout,” Price said. “It’ll 
require a 65. There’s too much experi- 
ence on the leader board to shoot par 
and hope for the occasional birdie." 

Watson said, “What goes through 
your mind in conditions like this is 
that there’s a golf course there for the 
taking. I knew the red numbers (bird- 
ies) were going to continue to pile up 
today. I was trying to put them up on 
Tom Watson’s name ” 

Instead, he found himself unable 
to keep the ball in the fairway, man- 
aging to hit only five all day. He had 
a number of makable birdie putts, 
but until the last two holes, his only 
birdie came on a chip-in with a 7-iron 
from 40 feet on the third hole. 


wide open middle of the green at the 432- 
yard loth hole. 

He had ISO yards to the green, but his 
wedge shot came up just short, landing in a 
tuft of grass so that his ball could not be 
seen, Pamevik played his third shot like a 
blast from a trap, but the ball came out 
softly, kicked slightly to the right and 
slopped about six feet from the pin. 

He missed the putt for par, and when he 
looked up at the scoreboard, be realized 
how foolish he’d been not knowing where 
he stood against the rest of the field, and 
particularly against Price, still two holes 
behind ana approaching the 17th green. 

At that point, Pamevik still had a one- 
stroke lead. But as he sat in the scorer's 
trailer adding up his numbers, he was told 
that Price had just made the putt for eagle 
at 17, and his face went from smile to 
sullen, his body language portraying the 
look of a beaten man. 

“I had just decided to make as many 
birdies as 1 could on the back nine,” Pame- 
vik said later. “I thought I heard screaming 
on every bole behind us. Actually, I usually 
do look. But I was so focused on the back, I 
didn’t bother. It thought it wouldn’t mat- 
ter. The way it turned out, maybe I should 
have taken a glimpse at 18. 

“When 1 missed the putt I saw had been 
leading by two strokes. Then he made 
eagle, and it all fell apart after that” 

Tt fell apart for so many o there in the 
field, and the most tortured tumble of all 
belonged to Tom Watson, the 36-hole 
leader who trailed by only a stroke going 
into the final 18 holes that be firmly be- 
lieved would produce a record-tying sixth 
British Open championship. 

Instead all begot was more of the dumb 
agony from a putting stroke that once again 
deserted him when he needed it the most 
Watson might just as well have gone for a 
swim in the Firth of Clyde when he three- 
putted at the eighth, missing a 15-footer for 
par and 4-footer for bogey. That double 
bogey was followed by another at the 10th 
when he three-putted again, missing the sort 
of Moot putt that plagued him all week. 

“I had 38 putts today and that really says 
it all,” Watson said after after shooting 74 
and finishing at 276. “There was only one 
remarkable putt at No. 7 from two feeL It 
was very frustrating. It hurts, it hurls inside, 
very disappointing. FU have mare chances 
to win tournaments. I believe that.” 

He was not alone in his disappointment. 
One by one, most of the leaders suc- 
cumbed to Turnberry, to the pressure of 
the moment, to the brilliant play of Price, 
the 1992 winner of the PGA Champion- 
ship and now a two-time major winner. 

“He's down two and he’s got two to go,” 
said Fuzzy Zoeller, who finished third at 
nine-under after a round of par 70. "Trust 
me, when you're putting like he's putting 
right now, he can win anything. And he's a 
sportsman, which is nice to sec.” 


Giants Stop Expos, 6-4, for 8th Straight 


The Associated Pros 

Rookie William VanLan- 
dingham no-hit Montreal for 
Vh innings and Matt WUfiams 
hit his 34th homer on Sunday to 
lead the visiting San Francisco 
Giants to their eighth straight 
victory, 6-4, over the Expos. 

V anl^rntfingham tookhisno- 
hit bid into the eighth before 
giving up a one-out double to 
Lenny Webster. He walked 
Rondell White leading off the 
first before retiring the next 22 
batters. After giving up Web- 
ster’s double, VanLandingham 
walked Mike Lansing and was 
relieved by Pat Gomez. 

WUhams hit a two-run homer 
in the first inning off Jeff Fas- 
sero. Barry Bonos went 3-f<*-5 
and Darryl Strawberry had two 


Giants. Bonds’s double in the 
third scored VanLandingham to 
make it 3-0, and the Giants took 
a 5-0 lead in the fifth on Todd 
Benzinger's two-run double. 

. Randy Milligan’s single in 
&tt eighth off Gomez: brought 
home the Expos’ first ran, and 
Montreal dosed to 5-2 on Fred- 
die Benavides’ sacrifice fly. Rod 
Beck relieved Gomez and 
walked White before Cliff 


Floyd’s RBI angle cut it to 5-3. 

Strawberry gave the Giants a 
three-run cushion with an RBI 
angle in the ninth, but the Ex- 
pos rallied again in the ninth off 
Beck, who allowed Lansing’s 
RBI single but got Lon Frazier 
to ground out. 

Astros 9, Pirates (k In Pitts- 
burgh, Steve Finley’s grand 
slam featured an eight-run sec- 

NL ROUNDUP 


pitched seven scoreless relief in- 
nings after Doug Drabek was 
injured as Houston woo. 

Drabek had pitched two 
scoreless innings before being 
hit by Paul WagnePs fastball 
just wove the right elbow while 


Miller on first in foe third. Dra- 
bek sustained a bruised forearm 
but X-rays were not required. 

Hitting Drabek seemed to 
rattle Wagner, who did not re- 
tire another batter. He walked 
Craig Biggio to load the bases 
before Finley homered over the 
right-field wall, his 10th of the 
season and first career slam. 

Padres 10, Mete 1: In New 
York, Eddie Williams hit two 


home runs to lead an 19-hit at- 
tack and Phil Planner drove in 
three runs to power San Diego. 

Braves 2, Martins 1: In At- 
lanta, Greg Maddux won his 
12th game with his league-lead- 
ing seventh complete game, and 
rookie Jose Oliva drove in two 
runs for the third consecutive 
game to give the Braves their 
mild straight victory. 

In games played Saturday: 

Giants 4, Expos 2: In Mon- 
treal, Barry Bonds hit two 
homers and drove in three runs 
for the second straight night to 
lift San Francisco to its seventh 
straight victory. 

Bonds hit solo shots — his 
26th and 27th — off Ken Hill in 
the fourth and sixth and added 


that knocked Hill out of the 
game. Bonds has homered 12 
in bis last 22 games. 

Bnves 7, Martins 5: Fred 
McGriff hit a three-run homer 
in the seventh inning and Jose 
Oliva added two home runs as 
the Braves rallied in Atlanta. 

With the Braves trailing 4-3, 
Roberto Kelly and Dave Justice 
reached base before McGriff 
drove a 2-2 pitdi from York is 


Perez over the right-field wall 
for his 24th homer. 

PhOBes 10, Dodgers 6: In 
Philadelphia. Jim Eisenreach Ml 
a three-run homer and Mike 
Lieberthal hit his Gist major 
league home run for the Phil- 
lies, who were outhit 12-11 but 
took advantage of three Dodg- 
ers’ errors to score four un- 
earned runs. 

Cubs 7, Reds 2: Mike Mor- 
gan pitched his first complete 
game in a year and the Cubs hit 
four solo homers in Cincinnati. 

Astros 7, Pirates 1: Pete Har- 
nisch won his fourth straight 
start since coming off the dis- 
abled list and the Astros, play- 
ing era the road, held onto an 
early lead this time. 

Mets 5, Padres 4: Todd 


Quite simply the Royal Oak, 




three-run first inning to help 
rookie Jason Jacome get his 
first home win. 

Rockies 15, Cardinals 4: 
Dante Bichette homered and 
drove in four runs and Andres 
Galarraga had two homers and 
three RBIs as Colorado, at 
home, continued to assault SL 
Louis pitching and won its third 
strait since the All-Star 


Scanlan Powers Brewers Past Twins, 5-3 


The Associated Press 

Bob Scanlan pitched ei^ht 
strong innings and Matt Mieske 
hit a three-run homer on Sun- 
day in Minneapolis to send the 
Milwaukee Brewere to a 5-3 vic- 
tory over the Twins. ^ 

Scanlan won his second 
straight start after not winning 
since last September. He strock 
out four and walked two before 
Mike Fetters pitched the ninth 
for his 12 th save. 

Rick Wiona hit a solo homer 
in the seventh to put the Brew- 
ers ahead, 5-3. His homer rtf 
Rick Trombley was h is first 

since Oct 1,1989, when he was 

with the Chicago Cubs. 

Hal V TV MM l*>f 


and drove in two runs to 

his ALrleading total to 85. . 

Carlos Pulido gave up a an- 
to Kevin Sdtzer first 

and intentionally whh 
Vaughn. Mieske followed with 

his ninth homer. . , ■ 
Puckett's two-run double m 
third brought the T*W to3-2. 
Milwaukee took* 4-T lead m 

S£y R^fs SStog error al- 
lowed Scott Leans to score. 


^Tpitoh patterns and stuff pitching a four-hitter, and 

Griffey Hits 2, Retakes Lead 

-Th e Associated Pms ... 

SEATTLE — Ken Griffey Jr. has taken over the major-league 
home run lead with 35, breaking a pregame tie with San Francis- 
co’s Matt Williams. 

The Seattle star’s two home runs came in a losing effort Friday 
against the Yankees, who rallied to win, 10-8. It was Griffeys 
.fourth two-homer game of the season. . 

Neither Williams nor Frank Thomas of the White Sox, who has 
32, hit a homer in games Friday and Saturday; Griffey. went zero 
for 3 Saturday. 


In games played Saturday: thatto disturb the hitters. It 

Yankees 9, Mariners 3: In ‘se^ed to work.” 

Seattle, Jhnmy Key beat Randy ' The Manneis lost; their 
Johnson to became the major fourth straight and for the ninth 
leagues’ first 14-gaine winner tune in 11 to fall 16 

and Gerald Williams homered- games under. .500 for the first 
twice tojxjwer New York. - . 

. “I tried to change some • Angas 4, unmes a. 
things,” said Key, who in his Smith blew another save as Cd- 
__ _ lforma, playing at home, rained 

ir nmmimiP for two runs in the ninth to win, 

ALBUmnwr^ — Smith, brought on to protect 

last start against the Marmexs, a a 3-2 lead, gave up a one-out 
12-6 defeat at Yankee Stadium homer to pinch hitter Bo Jack- 
on July 2 that broke his H- son and an RBI triple to Spike 
game winning streak, lasted Owen as the Orioles dropped 
only four innings. “They had 10 \Vt games behind New York in 
hits off me foe last time 1 saw the AL East, 
them. When they hit you that Indians 2, White Sot 0: In 
- »- * to try to change Chicago, Dennis Martinez won 




Cleveland moved a game ahead 
in the AL Central. 

Martinez allowed single hits 
in the second, third, sixth and 
eighth innings in his second 
shutout of the season. He has 
not lost since May 11, a span of 
12 starts. 

Tigers 13, Royals 7: Travis 
Fryman’s grand slam capped an 
tight-run. fourth inning and 
Kirk Gibson added a two-run 
homer in the seventh, powering 
Detroit past tbe Royals in Kan- 
sas Gty. 

Juan Samuel added a single, 
double and triple with two 
RBIs and three runs scored. 
Wally Joyner went 5-for-5 for 
theRoyak 


Rodriguez homered for the 
thud time in five games and 
Kevin Brown allowed seven hits 
in eight innmg g as Texas, play- 
ing at home, stopped Toronto. 

Twins 5, Brewers 2: Jim De- 
shares and three relievers limit- 
ed Milwaukee to six hits and 
Minnesota hit three home runs 
to satisfy the home crowd. 

Athletics 9, Red SOT 0: In 
Oakland, Rickey Henderson hit 
his 65th game-opening heme 
run and Scott Brotius had two 
homers, including a grand slam, 
for the Athletics. 


4UDEMARS KGUET 

Tbe master watchmaker. 

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Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 




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Expects France to Be Consumed by 





Michel Platini is one of France's greatest 
soccer players. After retiring in 1987 he 
managed the French national team to the 
1992 European Championship finals, but 
resigned when France failed to advance to 
the second round. He is now co-president of 
France 1998, overseeing the 1998 World 
Cup finals. He was interviewed on the eve of 
this year's final by Ian Thomsen of die 
International Herald Tribune. 


the American culture: For us, this has been 
a strange World Cup — you had one game 
going on in Boston, and another game in 
San Francisco. This World Cup was being 
played on a continental level, not in a 
country like our country. We have been 
enjoying this World Cap, but this is the 
last month of watching for us. Now we 
have to work. 


Q. How would you assess this World 

T 


I thin If it was a nice World Cup 
because the games woe nice. The stands 
were full and it was a success for everyone 
involved in the televising of it. When the 
competition, is good, it's always good for 
the world Cup. As for the organization, it 
also was good. The Americans have done a 
good job. 

Q. Bui your World Cup in 1998 will be 
very different. 

A- The French culture is not the same as 


We love our soccer. Far us it is what is 
important. We will be having soccer in all 
of our country, not only in the stadiums. In 
America, the World Cup was only in the 
stadiums. I think our World Cup will be 
more like it was in Italy in 1990, and not 
like it was in the U.S.” 


stadiums would be so fuH The Americans 
need to be happy about this World Cup 
because they could not have possibly done 
more than they did with it 
Our organization will be more than just 
the games. The World Cup will be in the 
dries, in the discotheques, in the streets. 
All of the French public will be involved, 
and all of our people will be happy to have 
all of the people from the world here for 
the footbalL But 1 say again, the Ameri- 
cans did what they bad to do. and they did 
the very best they could. 


England — they can come toFrance with- 
out a passport We have to weak, with the 
other countries in the next four- years to 
deal with this. I think our government will 
work on this problem. . 

Q. Will you install fencing around 'the 
fields to separate the supporters from the 
players? 

A. I think so. 1 am not. sure. Again, 
Europe is different from the U.S. I hope we 
will not have separation but Z thing we 
might need it . 


ing stadiums; it wiB.riotbe an oiganizing. 
committee. It's a good difference for us 
because we do notftove to pay for it We 
are going to btrild ari 80,000-seat stadium 
in Paris. After that we wfll’fiave a Sew 
stadiums kngerthan 40,OOO, but the rest of 
themwffl be under 4ti,090.” . . 


Probably the most disappointing aspect 
of the American World Cup was the lack 
of spirit throughout the country. Bui this is 
because soccer is not a religion in America 
like it is in our country. I think it was better 
for the spectators of the world than we 
would have thought. We didn't thrnlc the 
public would be so enthusiastic, that the 


Q. On the eve of the final, there have 
been no signs of hooliganism at this World 
Cup. Does this provide any hope that hoo- 
ligans will not cause problems when the 
tournament returns to Europe in 1998? 

A Fm afraid not. It will be different in 
France. Here, you have no reason to worry, 
because the hooligans are all in Europe. To 
come to the UJL is very expensive for 
them. In France it will not be the same. AH 
of the people from Germany, Belgium, 


Q. The U.S. deployed nine large Ameri- 
can football stadiums, ranging from the 
53,000 seats in Boston to the Rose BowTs 
almost 92,000 seats. How will the venues in 
France compare? ' 

A We wiu probably use nine 
Our organization will be different. The 
U.S. had an organizing committee, which 
paid to have the stadiums modified for the 
World Cap, to have the artificial grass 
replaced by normal grass and so on. For 
us, the state will be building and renovat- 


Q. In orde r to a sgnrehis re-election, the 
president of .FIFA, JoaoIJavcIange, an- 
nounced, his plan earlier this year to in-' 
crease the 19% final by eight teams, and he 
did this without consulting France. How. 
will you deal with 32 teams'whea you made 
your bid based emptying host to 24? . 

A Well, it’s more work for President 


^n< i several rule changes were implemeni- 
cd to aid the offense. How do you fed' 
about those c ha nge s ? 

A I Hke the new laws. It’s vesy impor- 
tant for football to have offensive games 
and goals. However, I should point out 
that asrfhr as the change from two points to 
three points for a victory m the firet round, 
that statistically thisxcally did not produce 
. a change: The statistics were . basically the 


Havdange, first of alt Second, I think it's a 
nice symbol for the World Cup. lt wxfl be 


the last Worid Cap of the century, and to 
have more of theworid involved, symboli- 

cany.ftisvefymcalamhotsurewhethe*- 
the fans will fed a big responsibility to buy 
tickets for rite last eight teams to be invit- 
ed. . • - 

Q. In order to sell the game to Ameri- 


Q. France did' not make it to these 
Worid Cup finals — itwasfaoocked out by 
Bulgaria in die final seconds of .quahfjing 
round’ last November; As hose France is 
assured a place zn the next finals: . Will the 
French give thrir public reason to cheer in 
-1998? ‘ -- • - : 

A The French team is good. Wedid not 
make it in the final game against Bulgaria. 
This is a shame, but I think IP 1998 we wifl 
be good. I don't know who the stars will be, 
you can have a lot of changes in 
four years, but the French footbaG wilI be 
good. 


Encore! A Soaring Musical Finale 


By Barbara Isenberg 
and Ted Rohiiich 

Lot Angela Tima Service 

LOS ANGELES — On turf normally 
reserved for the artistry of midfielders, the 
three men acclaimed as the world's great- 
est tenors — Jos6 Carreras, Placido Do- 
mingo and Luciano Pavarotti — put to- 
gether their exquisite voices for a concert 
that was a soaring musical complement to 
the final game of the World Cup. 

It was a reprise of their spectacularly 
successful concert on the eve of the last 
World Cup final four years ago, when they 
appeared for the first time on the same 
stage outside Rome. That concert, before a 
crowd of only 6,500 at the 3d-centuxy ruins 
of the Baths of Caracalla, led to the big- 
gest-sclling classical recording of all time. 

This time, flanked by trees, waterfalls 


and columns on a specially built stage, the 
l for an even more lucra- 


tenors were aiming 
five extravaganza. Lifelong soccer fans all, 
they headed their high notes to satellites, 
which passed them to television seisin 100 
countries. 

There was a sellout crowd estimated at 
56,000 in the stadium. 

The concert — called “Encore! The 
Three Tenors” — had two acts of the sort 
of songs that each tenor has perfoimed 
individually in large-scale concerts. The 
tenon were accompanied by the Los Ange- 
les Philhar monic and the Los Angeles Mu- 
sic Center Opera Chorus, with Zubin 
Mehta on the podium, as he had been in 
Rome. 


Such familiar songs as “Granada" by 
Domingo and “With a Song in My Heart” 
by Carreras were applauded as soon as 
they began. 

When the three tenors did the Frank 
Sinatra trademark, “My Way,” the huge 
Dodgervision screen spotlighted 01’ Blue 
Eyes hims elf sitting in the audience. Sina- 
tra stood and the three tenors applauded 

him. 

More than 40,000 seats in the stands, 
priced at S15 to $150, sold out months ago. 
The field itself was packed with rows of 
folding chairs set on wood platforms of 
varying heights- Celebrities and other op- 
era fans paid as much as $1,000 each for 
some of me 13,000 seats cm the field. 

The atmosphere was festive. Souvenirs 
were for sale: Feet cushions at $15, hats at 
$20, assorted shirts from $23 to $60, and 
signed baseballs by all three tenors and 
Mehta were $20. A red carpet led the way 
to the high-priced seats. And every ticket 
came with its own pair of binoculars. 

As soon as the gates opened at 5 PAL. 
limousines, taxis, private cars and char- 
tered buses poured into the parking lot. 
Picnickers dressed in everything from for- 
mal attire to bemmda shorts enjoyed wine 


and champagne at tailgate parties as the 
sounds of CDs and tapes from the 1990 


concert drifted from some of their cars. 

Many said they were opera lovers who 
had planned on coming since a year ago, 
when plans for the concert were an- 
nounced. 


Ottawa businessman Antonio Ruiz and 
his wife Lise ordered tbeir tickets last Sep- 
tember after she saw an add in the Toronto 
Globe and Mail newspaper. They had 
missed the Rome concert and did not want 
to miss this one. 

*Tt only happened once before,” Ruiz 
said, “ana it may never happen again.” 

Others who did not plan so far ahead 
had to pay a premium. Scalpers outside the 
stadium and a few inside appeared to be 
doing welL 

Henry Cheng, a Pasadena engineer, said 
he was prepared to pay $200 or $300 for 
seals legitimately priced at half that or less. 

His wife, he explained, is “crazy about 
this” and “if I get it for her, she will love 
me forever.” 

Duma Radosavijevic, an opera lover 
and advertising student, was on a tighter 
budget. She had only $70 — and needed 
$10 just to park. 

“Oh, well,” she said, “maybe IH pay for 
par king and go listen outside. They can't 
sing opera too low ” 

Others who came were simply people 
who knew Dodger Stadium would oe the 
place to be Saturday night 

From the stands, the outfield looked like 
a cross between an amphitheater and an 
open-air Hollywood sound stage. In cen- 
terfield, the stage was flanked by the enor- 
mous waterfalls, trees, classic columns and 
a painted scenic backdrop so big that the 
real and fake landscapes hid pavilion seats. 

Besides all the microphones, camera op- 



at MfrawHi/nu 


From left, PL&ddo Domingo, Jos4 Carreras, Zubin Mehta and Luciano Pavarotti bid farewell to the sellout crowd. 


erators, sound crews and equipment re- 
cording the show, the place was loaded 


with security people. Such entertainers as 
Sinatra, Bob Hope, ^ 


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_ Ar- 
nold Schwarzenegger and Gregory Peck 
were on hand, along with numerous politi- 
cal figures. 

Most entertainers al Dodger Stadium 
have stopped with the national anthem. 
But there have been many concerts there, 
including the Bodies, U2, the One, Elton 
John and Eric Clapton. 

. But never before has there been n classi- 
cal music event Some opera lovers had 
never been in the ballpark before, and 
Dodger employees reported conoertgoers 
prowling the stadium earlier in the week 
just to figure out the location of their seats. 

Some stadium employees also were not 
too familiar with the idot of opera: As one 


told canrexlgoera exiting an elevator in- 
side, “Enjoy the game.” ■ ‘ 

As in 1990, the singers appeared in al- 
phabetical; order. After the orchestra 


played Leonard Bemsteaifs overtime from 
“Candide,” Can 


Carreras p er f or m ed die first 
aria, from Massenet’s “Le CkL” Familiar 
and not-so-famflar arias from Puccini, 
Donizetti and other cou^osers flowed, 


. Decca ideased its “Three Tenors^ re- 
COTtfing of the 199D concert in September 
of that year. The followings March came 
pid^ televbion re^l^s that boosted re- 
C OTdsd es.A local puhhe television, station, 
KCET, has^aired die show 21 times, since 
March 1991, raising more than $L7 mfl- 
liob. 


^ssnch Broa d w ay tun^q^Bod^isand 


*s “With a Song in My Heart T 
Both halves' of the conceit ended with 
medleys. Combining all three vcnces. m 
and off, such sraigs as “My Way,” “Moon 
River,” “All' X Ask of You" and “Ringin’ in 
die Rain” made few lightar gmng and gave 
the tenors a chance to bc playful with one 
another. Toward the end of the show was 


the only reprise of 1990 — “Nessun 
Donna” from Pncdni’s “TWandot.” 


. The 1990 “Three Tenors” concert re-, 
cording has passed 10 million in sriat 
wwldwide, malting. it one of the best-sefl- 

; 

. “Encorel”. producm Tibor Rodas and 
officials at Warner Music Group, which 
acquired worldwide TV, radio, record and 
home video rigfats for the 1994 concert, are 
hoping this round does as well or better. 
The concert alone was expected to gross 
S12j5-uuBion to $15 million- 


For Pele, 'Happy World Cup’ 

W . JL . Scorara: Ttamos Drodn (Mfi). Hal 


By Christopher Clarey 

New Yak Tima Service 

PASADENA, Cahforma — 
“1 just ask this one thing from 
God,” said Pd6. “He gave me 
everything. I just ask him to 
give Brazil the World Cup, and 
it will be my dream come true.” 

If Americans did not realize 
it before, the last four weeks 
have made it abundantly dean 
Soccer is much more than re- 
creation in Brazil. And Friday, 
Brazil's greatest player left little 
doubt about what an unprece- 
dented fourth World Cup title 
would mean to him or his eco- 
nomically struggling nation. 

“In Brazil, we live, eat and 
drink soccer,” Pel6 said. “If 
Brazil wins the World Cup, the 
g o ver nm ent could do anything 
they want, and the people won’t 
care. We have been waiting 24 
years for this.” 

PeU was the main attraction 
24 years ago when Brazil de- 
feated Italy, 4-1, in Mexico. The 
victory was his and Brazil's 
third triumph in the World 
Cup, and the final was hailed as 
a soccer masterpiece. 

Five years latex, Pd6 packed 
up his bags, his glowing reputa- 
tion anrl his somewhat dimin- 
ished talents and took on a very 
different challenge by si gning 
with the New York Cosmos anH 
trying to implant soccer in the 
United Stales. 

"Hie Cosmos flourished after 
bis arrival in 1975, but he re- 
tired after the 1977 season and 
the North American Soccer 
League did not survive past 
1985- For Pelti, who lobbied for 
this Wotrid Cup to come to the 
United States instead of his be-, 
loved Brazil, this tournament 
represented a second and per- 
ils final chance to pick up the 
pieces. 

“I am not surprised that it 
has been a success,” he said. “A 
lot of newspaper criticized me 
in Brazil because I wanted to 
see the World Cup here, and I 
fed great. I think this is the best 
Worid Cup -I have seen in 35 
years. It had full stadiums, 
goals, a more open game be- 
cause of the new rules, and not 
one problem with violence, 
which is the most important. It 
was a happy Worid cop.” 

But not even Pete in a most 
sanguine state of mind Was pre- 
pared to predict that all tins 
happiness mil translate into 
m airing sqccct g big-time pro- 


fessional sport in the United 
States. ' 

“As a pastime, soccer is a 
reality already, but to talk 
about business is a different 
problem,” he said. “Soccer nev- 
er wQl compete with American 
football and baseball and bas- 
ketball. People must realize 
tins. The same investors who 
put money into American foot- 
oall and baseball and the NBA 
wQl put money into soccer; but 
they must see something strong. 
They must have something 
bade.” 

Pd6 said he had been ap- 
proached by Alan Rotheriberg, 
the chairman and chief execu- 


tive officer of Worid Cup *94, 
about the possibility of invest- 


ing in a franchise m the new 
American professional league. 
He also said that “two or three 
groups” had contacted him 
abom joining them in operating 
or owning a franchise in New 
York or New Jersey. 

“We will talk after the Worid 
Cup,” he said. “The Cosmos 
franchise is still there with 
Warns, and they asked me if I 
wanted to be thae as a general 
manager or something like that 
But I think there are going to be - 1 


Havdange said none of the 
24 teams had madeany official 
complaint about the weather 
conditions, despite, tempera- 
tures of rm to 100 degrees Fahr- 
enheit (37 celsius) during 
matches. 

“The national associations 
all knew where they would play 
well in advance and knew what 
the temperatures might be,” he 
said. “No team made any com- 
rnentv And now, with the ad- 
vances of medicines, I draft 
flunk it is an iSsue. The athletes 
train forhand can deal witfaiL” 
. “I believe the quality of the 
competition has not been af- 
fected by the heat,” he said. 

Havdange said The tourna- 
ment overall had been a great 
success. 

“The number at spectators 
has been truly fantastic and it 
has been a weDroraamzed »nrf 
weC-presented World Cup,” he 


Hotel) MM 
PMi). Haorik Lumen until, Kanmt An- 
darnon until. - 

Mtora*: AH Mobcraff Bui satin fUnHsd 
An* Emirates). 

Ysttow canto: SwwMn - Ksamt Antenna 
(HZ); Botaorfn -ZtaUoo ta*ov (7j). 


Goal Scorers 


<— OfwSafanfcfl, Rutttaj H rts tPSWtcfitav. 
Butoorto. 

5— KwmatAmteraMaftradam ftebartoBog- 
sta, Hotv; JOt in KDnsmonn, Csrmony; Ro- 
mdrta, BradL 

4 — OabrM Battatetn. Arasnflna; Wortto 
OdiUn, Rorln Roduciolii, Romania; Smdsa 
3— BatMta Brazfl; Tomas Brofln, Swsdsr; 
Qrotomn, Saaliri Juan Antonia Gollcostxsa 
Spalni 1 Dooms Banteamo, Nettwrmsift; 
OtonralM Host, Romania.. 

2 — PNttppo Albsrt, BtWnn; Food Amin.' 
Scwfl AraMa; Daniel AmakacM, Nlaerla; 
ammanusf Amunlka, Ntoerks; Dino Banida 
Itatei Gaeran Bragy, Swnartamto Clnudta 
OoafBOla. AraenMna ; IHa Dumltrescu,Ro»no- 
nte; UHs Gascia, Maxtao; Jan Andonl GN- 
hastxaa, Spain; Hona Aftyww Ba, SpuRt Ko- 
raaj .terdai LatcMcav, Botoortaj Motto 
VatendaCNomWa; Rinfl VMer, Cernxmv; 
Whn Jonh, Nmtnrlands. 

T — John AktrUnsv Ireland; /ibel Baiba, Ar- 
oanHna; Alter Baatrlstaiib Spain; Mores! 
MnaL Medea; -Francatot Omam' Btn45 
Camsrran; OanW Bortmbw.ButocsIa; Brat 
c m, aradi; S tertwne CboMboL awtoarhmd; 
WionwteqitertUtewBiitetiiswM. 
BaWuiii; David Eraba, Qmaman; Afesria 
Gqrda. MndoN Henmcm Gavtrta CotamMa; 


said. “We have had very good 

fiwtKall on inAKteAdt*. aa Anttc .flioraei Gruvu ilalnhui Jmv 


football, an increase in flie 
number of goals sinc e the Italy 
* T “ disof®rfe on the 


finals and 


AraHo; ..doorocs Grun, Batetum; Jasso 
Ownflola^Mta; Fernando HsrraSonin; Bov 
HourtitDrviialaaj; Hwns) Sun Hoasi South Ko- 
ins® Sand Jdbar, Saudi Arabia; Adrian Kirn 


two franchises in the New Yoik 
and New Jersey areas. It is not 
dear yet where the venues will 
be. If the pro league is a good 


very positive.” 

“The referees have shown a 
tod standard,” he added. “We 
tve no worries on that score:” 
Havehmge^ said .the third- 
would remain a 

tore 


' HomteLortaan tesadM; Raoar LhroW 
dtev Jatw Harold Ldsana, CWomNa; Ossa 
Morodooa, Arasnflna.- Luis Earkuit Marti- 


. - .. . - . - w the Worid Cup de- 

pro teague, it is a good mvest- «rfte some criticism of ite^lue. 
menL 


a competition of this 
• FIFA’s president, Jodo Ha? magnitude h is ixmportant to 
vdan^, said the quality of play have a third place,” fie said. “It 
at the finals was not affected by pan honor to be third and that 
the heat, Reuters .reported. warrants a match.” 


__ . Italy; 

-Mutffmuh Gsrmanv; Hakan IMM. Swsdsn; 
Rotfir MBIT, Cnsroon; Hasson Nadir. Mc- 

SMd Owatran, Saudi AraWar DanW 
Waste PstrsKUr. Romania; Omlfrt Rad- 
dMnka. Russia; RaL BnaiL- Klstfl Rckdot 
Nnr tonrjK nrftitta RWte.Gfrrrww; Brvan 
Wa y^Hfdi srtimcis; Jaffa tedlncfc Spate; Br- 
•dji stedwz, MMo; Mbrda Santos. Bradl; . 
Soo Jun g Won, Soalti Koran.- Samson Steta 
12!™! Mo*** Slrutov. Buloarla: Erali 
Stewart United States; AtotaSutfwvSwttzsr- 
mw; Gaston Toammt, rtefliortandij Aran 
WWf . Hntfaert nm i s j Ertq WywaWa, tWfad 
WatesjRasbsed YeklnL Ntoarta 


WORLD CUP ¥fRAP-UP 


committee suspended 

•HU rnnriitn* *9 . 


ufter^FIFAV 

Thailand's education antfaorities- have told '.’Tassotti for “scaious violent conducL" 
schools they can dose Monday to.aUow teachers Sweden* captain, Jbnas- Thera, tuns 

and students to catch up th^ stem After fortWo ^ “““ 
watdiing the final, which stisted 2^-5 A.M. ; ; •-Romanian midfielder Gheofghe Dagi is to 


started- td23i 

local tivng 

The newspaper Nation, 
schools had already opted to 
at least cancel the first classes. 


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that many 
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in 


• Italian offi cials Appe aled the e ight-g ame sos- 
pension of Macro Tassotti; and FfFX- said it 
woul d consider the appeal, ,bu^ .adt'oritil 

turned toits headquarters in Zonch. ~ / 

FIFA appeal con i nal fa g^^ribr-dfcal - with the assis- 
any more with this issue dm^tite. rentidnmg Bew^Mer 

days of the Worid Cup ” a SfeeM sST^- . SBSff wSS^S^, -01 P^nd 

The appeal was made six days after Tassotti each oiber ' the trainerJ]?,f^^ Objected to 
Iwoke the nose of Spain's Luis Enrique with an as a result thev worid * 

elbow during the quartofinals Tour days soccer” ““tfiot^theyolgectedto 




v -‘- 












^ Cso I 


O N D A Y 


INTEmmONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994 





RLD 


fel IPg 


CUPi Brazil Wins 

from Page l 

passed the month without fimshma the 
great uujonty . of their wradftfi il ere- 
aoons; the Italians, who had come this far 

reaBy loo &ng good anyway, 
chomped down and sunnrStoSih^. \LiJl 


guercil defense. w ™ 

So it came down to this: Pariiuca slide, 
booting atoose ban on the vega of being 
put away by Rom&no in the 65th minm? 
m the 69th, a comer header by Branch 
flailing oyer the bar; mid this shocker: A 
lotm, slicing, 76th minute slam horn Ms- 
imho giat spun out of PagKuca's embrace 
and <rfT of the right post, bouncing back 
mto his anns wben he might very well have 
been taking it out of the net - 
This wonderful tournament ranw» that 
dose to ending in hilarity. 

Playing in its first final since the last and 
greatest of P&K’s three cha nipii >r»< rft rp^ ^ 
wot — ag ains t these same Italians — in 
1970, Brazil maintained its steady attack, 
which was better than anything else in ffrfc 
tournament bat was criticized as nhv Mmg 
by the old standards. Coach Caiios At 
berto Parreira has claimed to be off easivc- 
minded in order to satisfy thexnemories.of 
Pd6, but deep down he was making certain 
that no opponent should make Brazil feel 
the pressure of its past - • • 

- Hu answer was a game of possession in 
which Brazil played with its old flair but 
without much of the accompan ying risk. 
Qm and on they ran magnificently — -innu- 
merable crosses buzzing PagKuca’s goal — - 
without properly fimshing one sent ence. 
To their credit, not a peep was heard at the 
other end; sure, Donadoni crossed Mindly 
in to Baggio-at-the top of the box, but he 
had Dino Baggio and two- defeodos in • 


wood around the trees. It wag ashame to 
see him having to -settle for , what he was 
given; ultimately it was the ruin of these 
first 90 minutes. 

Brazil quickly assumed control while 
the Italians spent the opening minutes try- 
ing to reassurcthemsesves — with Baresi 
stepping forward nicely to steal a pass 
from Donga and, moments later, Baggio 
sidestepping Dunga in midfield but imahle 
to continue the play. Perhaps, the Italians 
hoped, Baggio was nnwxDing to test him- 
self just yet 



Swedes Take 3d Place 
As Bulgarians Falter 

4-0 Victory Is Historic, Coach Declares 


as asg& SI 

Lor, Hcnhora/Rraen 


Roberto Baggio, trying to bring Donga to a. 


cross that brought the Italians out of their 
shell It was headed, flat-footed, by Ro~ 
mirio directly to the chest of goalkeeper 
PagKuca in the 13th mmole, followed 
shortly by Dunga’s steal of the ball from 
Daaettia Albertirri at midfield. The hall 
was seat quickly up the gut to Ram&rio 
and put wide to Bebeto, whose shot was 
deflected by Paolo Maldini fear a comer. 

Against this assault, Baresi responded 
proudly with a long ball through to striker 
Danide Massaro. His shot was covered fry 
j‘lhe dive of Oandio Taffard — only hu 
r i3th save of the tburnameot — • and-so, in 
the 18th minute, the hugely impartial 
crowd met in a huge cheer, pretense wros 
abandoned, and themost impor tan t match 
in four years was fully underway. . 

Brazil almost seized another chance as 
Branco's 35-meter free kick diced around - 
the wall and in front of the near post was 
redirected by Pagtiuca to Mazinho, who 
tripped as if it were a dachsund between, 
his feel RomArio was making a roaring 
nuisance of himself, freeing from a tackle 
and clambering into the box,' only to have 
his shot tripped iqifcyMaldini — whflethe 
Italians, at the other end, seaned emascu- 
lated by Baggio's newfoimd role of reflect- 
ing, refracting and altogether unselfish 
playmaker. They were in this final because 
only he had been able to finish the oppor- 
tunities which he now was trying to create. 
Bared tried to send this message to Baggio 
— the ca ptain ran it up through midfield 
and practically hand-delivered it to his 
teammate — but Baggio, stiff-legged, 
could only give the ball right back to Bar- 
es, and of course be didn*t know what to . 
do with it. 

Perhaps Baggio was still playing pos- 
sum. Agonizing from the bench, Giuseppe 
Signori^ the leading saner in the Italian 
league, whose role up front has been di- 
minished on behalf of Ba gg io, had to be 
begging for a chance. 

Manager Arrigo Sacclu still had one 
substitution left after bringing on the little- 
used defender Luigi Apolloni at right bade 
for Roberto Mussi in the 35th minute. 

-Twenty-two minutes earlier, Brazil had re- 

Dplaced Jorgmho at the same position with 
the outrageous Cafti — all the better to 
preoccupy Baresi on that side. Elsewhere, 
Romfirio and Branco — on another free . 
jack — were forcing Pagtiuca to hit the 
ground in order to keep Italy even, if on 
the scoreboard only, going in to h alfti m e. 

I talian Team Has 

$30,000 Stolen 

The Astadated Press 

TRENTON, New Jersey — A hotel that 
hosted the Italian Wcrid Cup soccateam 
has agreed to reimburse the players forthe ■ 
more than $30,000 stolen from their 

r °Tte robbery tffthe Somerset Hfla Hotel 
in Warren Township was discovered late 

. ■ . .. t nmr lpflinriP' 



Obw Hutibai^Agmx Fnn-hcn 

Bulgaria's Hristo Stoichkov had come through alone, only to have his shot Hocked fry Sweden’s Thomas Raveffi- 


By Ian Thomsen 

laiemenumal Herald Tribune 

PASADENA California — The ulti- 
mate compliment was paid Bulgaria by 
Sweden's coach. Tommy Svensson. Reach- 
ing the final against Brazil and Pele in 
1958, he said, could not match the achieve- 
ment of Sweden’s third-place, 4-0 victory 
over the Bulgarians. 

Warning: These are the feelings of the 
Swedish coach and do not necessarily re- 
flect the opinions of this newspaper. Any 
similarity in talent between Pele and 
Hristo Stoichkov is purely fictional. 

“Football has developed much all over 
the world, with so many more countries 
playing than before," Svensson explained 
after Saturday’s match. “It’s a bigger com- 
petition for us now." 

The Bulgarians were proof of that, up- 
setting Argentina, Mexico and the defend- 
ing champion Germans before losing to 
Italy in the semifinal. Prior to that run, 
they hadn't won a World Cup match in 17 
tries. On Saturday they reverted to their 
former selves. 

The consolation-game audience of 
83,71 6 — the sizes of Lbe American crowds 
have come to be taken for granted in the 
last month — gathered a little absent- 
mindedly in the Rose Bowl, as a pack of 
about 50 yeQow-shirted Brazilians stood 
chanting and cheering on their country 24 
hours before the real thing. Any drama was 
seized by the fantastic Swedes, who, hav- 
ing been so uptight in their 1-0 semifinal 
loss to Brazil, were suddenly and wonder- 
fully relaxed. Their performance resem- 
bled the exhibition that the figure skaters 
put on at the end of every Olympics. 

They averaged a goal every 10 minutes at 
the start, with the early em phasis on Tomas 
Brotin — and quite properly, as he’s been 
their player of the month. A cross from Kias 
Ingesson lured out the goalkeeper, Borislav 
Mihaylov, and Brotin headed the first goal 
down into the emptied net 

It snugged there in the eighth minute, 
and withm the half-hour a pattern was 
evolving around Mihaylov. Let’s see if you 
can figure it out: 

In the 30th minute, Brolin leapt up from 
a fold and played the ball through to 
Kennet Andersson. Unwisely, Mihaylov 
came sprinting out and the Swede knocked 
it past him into the emptied nek 

In the 37th minute, at the end of another 
through balk Henrik Larsson beat a lone 
defender into the box. Unwisely, Mihaylov 
came sprinting out and the Swede knocked 
it past him into the emptied net. 

In the 40th minute, Stefan Schwarz 
lobbed a long high cross to Andersson. 


whose vertical leap emphasized once more 
that he is the closest thing to a National 
Basketball Association player in these 
championships. It seemed like nothing 
more imposing than a long header from 
the top of the box — then Mihaylov, un- 


wisely, came sprinting out and the Swede 
knocked it past Urn into the emptied net. 
At the other end of the field, Thomas 


Ravelli might have been counting votes for 
the Lev Yashin award for best goalkeeper. 
Though FIFA named Belgium's Michel 
Preud'bomme as goalkeeper of its World 
Cup all-star team, it was thought that Mi- 
haylov would be RaveUi’s top competition 
for the Yashin award. As it was, Mihaylov 
was replaced at halftime by Flamea Niko- 
lov. 

From there on the crowd doted on Ra- 
velli, who, after leading Sweden through its 
quarterfinal shootout with Romania, had 
succeeded in frustrating Brazil His last bit 
of work was to deny Stoichkov his seventh 
goal of the tournament as the Bulgarian 
came through alone in the 84th minute. 
Having collapsed in frustration, Stoichkov 
was booed for ignoring Ravelli’s offer of a 
helping hand. 

The Bulgarian coach, Dimitar Penev, 
denied that his team had toasted itself to 
exhaustion. “After every game, Bulgaria 
celebrated.” he said. “But we were ready to 
play. I think that this game result is not 
proper because we played so many games 
in such a short time. It is too much stress. 

“But today,” he added, “they wanted to 


play for Stoichkov.* 

But Stoichkov failed to move ahead of 
Russia’s Oleg Salenko in scoring — each 
has six goals — providing Roberto Baggio 
of Italy and RomArio of Brazil the chance 
of overtaking them in the final Baggio and 
Romfirio bad five goals on the eve of their 
title meeting, as many as JQrgen Klins- 
mann of Germany and Andersson. 

Though Sweden could manage only one 
goal in two matches with Brazil the 
Swedes scored 14 in their other five match- 
es to become the most prolific team of the 
tournament with 15 goals — four more 
than second-place Brazil had going into 
the final. Three of the top 14 goalscorers 
were Swedes. Martin Dahlia scoring 4 
while Brolin got 3. While his countrymen 
may have been comparing this team with 
the 1958 group that advanced to the final 
at borne against Brazil Svensson was look- 
ing forward to the 1996 European Cham- 
pionships and beyond. 

“As we have one of the youngest teams 
in the tournament, I think there is still 
some way to go, and still some develop- 
ment in some of these players,” he said. 





First All-Star Team Fields 4 Brazilians 


OKrTma/AinctFitiErAaiC 

Thomas Rareffi turned a victory cartwheel in Pasadena. 


In Pasadena, the Fans Get a Taste 
Of 'NakedGun 9 With Their Beers 


Compiled by Our Sniff From Dopauha 

PASADENA California — Four Bra- 
zilians, two Italians and two Bulgarians 
were named to the World Cup '94 all-star 
team, the first such ever chosen at the 
tournament. 

Star strikers RomArio and Roberto Bag- 
gio led the attack of the World Cup’s best 
1 1 as selected by a panel of FIFA experts, 
including former champions Pete and Bob- 
by Charlton. 

The team, chosen in a 3-4-3 formation, 
was: 

Goalie Michel PreudTiomine (Belgium); 
Joqpnho (Brazil), Marrio Santos (Brazil), 
Paolo Maldini (Italy); Tomas Brolin (Swe- 
den), Dunga (Brazil), Gheorgbe Hagi (Ro- 
mania), Krasimir Balakcrv (Bulgaria); Ro- 
berto Baggio (Italy), Romdrio (Brazil), 
Hristo Stoichkov (Bulgaria). 

The biggest surprise was the inclusion of 
Bulgarian midfielder Balakov, a relative 
unknown at the start of the tournament. 

“He burst on the scene,” Chariton said. 
“He was the springboard from midfield 
into attack.” 

The workmanlike Dunga from Brazil’s 
uninspiring midfield also was an unexpect- 
ed choice. But Pete said: “He's the heart of 
Brazil the one who fights to get the ball 
bade. Every team needs a player like him.” 

Pelfc said that Marcio Santos, who had 
come into the Brazilian team only after 
injuries to regulars Ricardo Gomes and 
Carlos Mazer, had proved the best defend- 


er of the tournament and that Romano 
was the best striker. 

“When begets the ball he’s very danger- 
ous,” he said. “He finds space and he’s 
very quick.” 

Charlton praised Baggio for reviving It- 
aly after it had been written off by the 
Italian media following early poor perfor- 
mances. 

“He showed the character to lake the 
criticism and when the opportunity arose 
turned the tide as far as Italy was con- 
cerned,” he said. “Instead of being a laugh- 
ing stock, the country is proud again.” 

Each of the players in the all-star team 
was given $3,000 by a sponsor to award to 
(he charity of his choice and an extra 
$10,000 was donated to UNICEF. 

Players shown a red card during the 
tournament were not considered as part of 
FIFA’s fair play campaign. 

FIFA said nine other players had been 
on a short list for the team. 

They were: Thomas Ravdli (Sweden), 
Alexi Lai as (U.S.), Miodrag Beiodediri 
(Romania), Fernando Redondo (Argenti- 
na), Juan Goikoetxea (Spain), Dennis 
Bergkamp (Netherlands), Bebeto (Brazil), 
Rashidi Yekini (Nigeria), Jflrgen Klins- 
mann (Germany). 

Lalas, not regarded among the tourna- 
ment’s elite before the competition, got 
high marks for attitude. 

“His fighting spirit," said Jurg Nepfer, a 
FIFA coordinator who sat on the six- 


member all-star panel “And he is an idol 
for American youth. He is very popular 
and that must be taken into account. 

"Really, what distinguishes defenders is 
their fighting spirit. He might not be tech- 
nically Lbe most skillful but when you 
consider his stamina and spirit he is among 
the best-" 

Nepfer discounted the notion that LaJas 
was a public-relations nod to the home 
fans. 

“Whenever we would discuss defenders, 
Lalas would be one of the first nam es 
mentioned,” he said. 

Although Lalas’s mention was a coup 
for the Americans — Lalas, Argentina’s 
Fernando Redondo and Nigeria's Rashidi 
Yekini were the only players honored from 
teams that failed to make it to the quarter- 
finals — the relegation of several players to 
honorable mention was surprising. 

Germany’s Klinsmann, the Nether- 
lands* Dennis Bergkamp, Brazil’s Bebeto 
and Swedish goalkeeper Thomas Ravelli 
all might have expected all-star status, but 
it was the choice of Belgrums’ Preud- 
'homme over Ravelli — the hero of a 
quarterfinal shootout with Romania — 
that raised the most eyebrows. 

But a selection-panel member, Walter 
Gagg, said none of the goaikeeping had 
been spectacular. “This World Cup has 
shown us that we have very high levels of 
tactical play, and very weak goaikeeping,” 
he said. (Reuters, LAT) 


Early-Riser Japan Presses Bid for 2002 


We^SSy i^ht an3 the team was leaving the guy m .get hini p go, Cad Falktta. 


them to leave on a poaove notc, ^ it* 
general manager, Geoffrey Conrad. ^ 

“We felt it was the right thing to do, he 

^The hold paid lie Azznrri $33,000, 

■ Conrad said. . a 

He said the thief was “most likely' 7 a 
. hotel employee, “though there were others 

i “ AnSSw which cou “^ ve 

talreTwas sttten about 12 hours before 
the incident, he added. 

of forced entry. . 

About $30,000 in cash, a watch, anda 
pair o? sunglasses belonging to 
ward Roberto.Baggio woe 
team played m nearby Giants Stadnno. 
Conrad said Baggio had reported about 

for Pasadena, Cahfonua- 


.... The Associa t ed prop 

PASADENA California — A crack- 
down on bars catering, to World Cup 
fans has innkeepers in an- uproar. 

"They use stonn- trooper tactics and 
they come in yelling ‘O.K > there he is, 
the guy in the comer, get him, go, go, 
SO,* * said Dennis Bukowslri, a former 
Los Angeles police officer who owns the 
Wise Guys bar, a hangout for Brazilian 
fans. “It * s like the only tzaimngtfiey got 
was watching cop shows on TV. 

The state Department of Alcoholic 
Beverage Control is working with local 
police, the FBI and the US. State De- 
partment among others, in a campaign 
to control the World. Cup fremy. 

Pasadena's Rose Bowl has nested 
games since the tournament began and 
will be the rile of Sunday's champion- 
step between Italy and BrariL Bars and 
restaurants in . the city’s revitalized Old 
Town district have drawn crowds. 

So far, nine establishments have been 
cited for everything from selling alcohol 
bn the sidewalk' to allowing rfanrfng- 
without a permit. Penalties can bring 
flues, license suspensions or, in drastic 
cases, the revocatibn of a liquor license. 

As many as 20 undercover agents zo 
barbopping bn some nights. Aim while 


officials have heard the complaints, they 
say they’re just doing their jobs. 

“Our baric mission is to ensure that 
alcohol does not play a role in any large- 
scale disturbances in Old Town,” said an 
Alcoholic Beverage Control spokesman 
Cad FaHetta. 

That nwana stopping small problems 
before they escalate, fee said 
Fran Neumann, executive director of 
Day One, a Pasadena alcohol and drug 
prevention group, agreed. 

“It's an extremely pro-active strate- 
gy,” Neumann said. “We want bar own- 
ers to manage alcohol bettor.” 

But the bar owners say raids aren't 
doing much to enhance the U.S- image 
for foreign visitors. 

Tense Brasile, an Old Town Pub bar- 
tender cited for serving alcohol to drunk- 
en patrons, said ABC officials hand- 
cuffed a patron. 

“You'd think it was a major cocaine 
bust,” Brasile said. “These young ABC 
gpys were whispering and carrying on. 
They even seazea the pitcher and glasses 
as evidence. It was like something out of 
a ‘Naked Gum’ movie.” 

“They’re arresting people and beating 
them like felony suspects,” said Bo~ 
kowsld. “What about PR?” 


By Matt White 

La Angela Tima Senior 

PASADENA. California — World Cup 
*94 was still winding down. World Cup '98 
is only a gtimmer in France's eye. 

But while the press conference calted by 
World Cup Japm 2002 might have been a 
tittle heavy-handed, it was not “prema- 
ture.” 

The committee to bring the event to 
Japan is four years old, his enlisted the 
former president of Nissan as its cha irman , 
and on Friday produced two Japanese leg- 
islators to sit in silent solidarity with Japa- 
nese soccer officials before the wold’s 
press at 8 AM. 

The political and industrial clout of the 
Japanese was on display because, to some 
extent, the Japanese, who have never quali- 
fied For the event, are lagging behind South 
Korea, their primary competition for the 
2002 Cup. 

But they say that they are gaining 
ground quickly. Fifteen Japanese a ties — 
not including Tokyo — already are build- 
ing new stadiums in anticipation of the 
2w2 competition. 

FIFA wants to hold the tournament in 
Aria and when it is awarded in 1996 by 
FIFA's executive oranmiiiee, Japan or 
South Korea will get iL 

“It’s Asia’s time,” said Sir Bobby Charl- 
ton, one of two former British soccer play- 
ers to be knighted and under contract as an 


adviser to World Cup Japan 2002. “South 
America has had it, now North America, 
and Europe again will have il in 1998.” 
He said Saudi Arabia might compete for 
the Cup and that a possible Colombian bid 


nughrCe in the works. But newcomers in 
the 2002 race would be hopelessly behind 
the Arian nations, and although FIFA 
eventually wants to see the World Cup in 


FIFA wants to hold the 
tournament in Asia and when it 
is awarded in 19% by FIFA’s 
executive committee, Japan or 
South Korea will get it 


Africa, the growth of the sport in the Far 
East makes the 2002 competition a two- 
horse race. 

“FIFA wants soccer to be the world’s 
game, and 1 think the feeling is that the 
time is right to go to Asia.” he said. “After 
that, the time likely will be tight to go to 
Africa. 1 " 

“The concern is that it be done right, 
that Asia put on a good show," he added. 
“And certainly 1 think the Japanese are 
most capable of that They have the popu- 
lation, they have the finances and they 


have the ability to mobilize on such a 
scale." 

The Japanese certainly have the bullet 
trains and airlines to zip fans from site to 
site and the communications systems to 
handle any press crush imaginable. 

What they do not have is Chung Mong 
Joon, the president of the Korean Football 
Association and the recently elected vice 
president of FIFA, a position with consid- 
erable sway over who gets the Cup and 
who does noL 

On the field, Korea has qualified for the 
World Cup four times, including the last 
three. Japan has yet to make it And South 
Korea is coming off the glow of the 1988 
Olympics, staged without incident in the 
shadow of a hostile North Korea. 

As Chung writes in the bid literature, if 
Korea gets the Cup, “it will no doubt 
contribute greatly to reunifying South and 
North Korea.” He adds, “This, I believe, 
will be a way to uphold the spirit of the 
World Cup ” 

But whereas 15 Japanese dries build 
stadiums, Korea is stiQ looking for IS 
cities. Beginning in 1998. the World Cup 
will expand to 32 teams. 

Sir Bobby said that the “the number of 
cities and breadth" of Japan was “perfect- 
ly suited for the 32-team format.” 

“A lot of countries really don’t have 
enough major cities to host the event" he 
added. “I would think that would be Ko- 
rea’s primary problem.” 



v '. 


on H ern Mn ^ ' as muAn r 













1%? 


Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JULY 18, 1994. 


The Master of Multicolored Eyewear 


TheCAo 


By Suzy Menkes 

International Herald Tribune 

L ONDON — There is more io sunglasses than 
meets the eyes — according to the man who has 
put the fashionable world behind rimless electric 
blue shades. 

“It’s the mystery — hiding the eyes," explains 
Tony Gross. “The iris represents sol That’s why we 

talK ahnm ritnnn unnla I 1.! .1 ' ■ 



mask." 

All this philosophy comes from an avuncular 
figure in his 50s who is central casting's image of 
your friendly neighborhood optician. And so indeed 


Tastemakers ! 

d 

E3 

An occasional series 
about people for whom 
style is a way of life 

P 

K 


he is. From a small business in London's Knights- 
bridge Green, Gross and his partner, Gr aham Cut- 
ler, nave become the haute couturiers of eyewear. A 
laboratory of ideas produces reading glasses made 
for a loyal clientele built up over 25 years — and 
sunglasses displayed like jewels in the lilliputian 
store. 

They are also the source of trends in sunglasses, 
like the colored lenses that are the tribal totem of the 
MTV generation. This year at the Cannes film 
festival, Isabelle Adjani launched blue lenses as the 
fad of the season. Fashion designers may have 
produced the look in the 1990s, but Gross remem- 
bers when he Hist created the colored lenses “six or 
seven years ago.” 

Cutler and Gross have gone from producing 3,000 
pairs ofglasses a year at the beginning of the 1980s 
w 30,000 a year now. They owe their success to a 
woman with eyes as piercing blue as this summer’s 
lenses: Margaret Thatcher. Her deregulation of Brit- 
ish rules concerning promotion and advertising by 
opticians, allowed the press to pounce on the glasses 
and use them for photo shoots, and gave the duo a 
springboard of publicity as they profited from the 
exploding youth market for fashion. 

And not just in England. Ever since Gross took a 
small suitcase of glasses to the Paris menswear 
exhibition and was “discovered" by the Italians, 
export has been big business. They now sell 75 
it overseas and hold the Queen's Award for 
Achievement. Retailers on the fashion edge 
round the world sell the glasses, from Joseph 
through Joyce Ma in Hong Kong, although Gross 
says that the American market is “still the one to 
conquer.” Is 1993, he opened a shop in Paris (in the 
Galeric Vivienne where Jean-Paul Gaultier has his 
store), fulfilling Gross's dream from the 1950s when 
be saw “bad girls" in Paris and realized that “the 
best time to wear sunglasses is at night.” 

Ah, sex and the darkened lens! Eveiy fashionable 






ers 


For eyeglass designer Tony Gross, “‘The iris represents sex. 


Chratophcr Moore 

Dark glasses are a mask.” 


“bad girl” or boy and a host of celebrities now wear 
Cutler and Gross glasses, even though Gross says 
discreetly that he does not like to discuss customers. 
They include Madonna, Bono and the entire U-2 
group, supennodds Naomi Campbell and Linda 
Evangelista, Princesses Diana and Stephanie of Mo- 
naco, and Martina Navratilova and K. D. Laing, 
who stare eyeless in French Vogue from behind 
tensile steel frames and silver mirror lenses. 

Designs start in tbe imagination of both Gross 
and Cutler, whoscribble a shape, snip out a template 
in cardboard like a dressmaker's toile and pass it to a 
te chnician who makes it up by hand as bespoke 
eyewear. The secret of their success, says Gtoss, is 
the comfort that comes from ultralight well-bal- 
anced frames (stainless steel is a current favorite). 
They also offer high fashion at a price: sunglasses 
cost around £80 (S125) a pair. 

“Without realizing it, we were the first people to 
do modern sunglasses,” says Gross, whose colored 
lenses come in cyberspace shades including a celes- 
tial computer-screen blue or graphic orange, red and 
green. 

“I saw one color and thought, why not do the lot?” 
be says. “Pale pink for a rose-colored view; dac. 
because it is such a nice color on the skin. ** 


The world through lollipop orange lenses looks 
wonderful, he chums, even though the optician in 
him knows they are a “huge extravagance,” because 
they are not functional as sunglasses. 

And there lies the fashion truth about sunglasses. 
Since their inception in the 1930s, they have been 
worn as much for effect as for practicality. Gross 
rites his heroes with attitude: the movie mobsters 
sheltering behind their shades; Anita Ekberg in “La 
Dolce Vita.” wrapped in sunglasses and enigmatic 
glamour; Jackie Kennedy’s tortoiseshell shades, 
which remain Gross's perennial favorites. They are 
always reworked in the collection alongside the steel 
and metal, to tally-cool modem shades. 

Where does Gross draw his inspiration from? He 
is both involved in fashion and an observer (“I get 
caught out staring”). He is interested in modem art, 
with a surreal Salvador Dali portrait propped 
against the clinic wall where you might expect an 
eye test chart to be. Above all, he has a dream of the 
potent glamour of dark glasses. 

“I think that aw. 


in a pair of sunglasses,” says Gross. “It's that vision 
of when people used to arrive at airports and walk 
down the height of stairs with photographers wait- 
ing." 


By WiSiigi Satire 

the halls of 
month: tbe wend 
cm «Ur3iijS was trtggp, not so 
used in politics since 
called Barry 

igger-* 

ofLTrom thjpMiddfe 
treckm, "to piffl” (same 
as trek, as in “Star TrdO* 
the Eng|5& word began in 1621 
as tricker, meaning “the kver 
that springs a trap , it soon be- 
catne the namc for die small sted 
catch that releases the hammer 
or firing inn of a gun when 
drawn,- pressed, pulled or — to 
use the verb my sergeant. pre- 
ferred squeeed- ' 

cambhw^ty^rolvej^Con- 
gress with the onset of health 
care legislation. What to caC a 
device m the Taw that would 
measure' future fulfillment of a 
certain level of coverage —and 
then, if coverage faded to reach 
that goal, spring a little legisla- 
tive lever mat would bring new 
pressure tobeax? A timebombis 
pq'orati ve; a trigger is not. 

But what sort of irij 
From the chairman of the 
ate Finance Committee, Daniel 
Patrick Moynihati of New 
York, cranes this plaintive let- 
ter “Could you access your 
‘Somewhere a Roscoe . . 
file? The press just now 
abounds with references to hard 
and soft triggers in a health care 
bilL To what must surely be the 
distress of handgun afkaooadofi 
everywhere, we seem to be get- 
ting it wrong. 

“A hard trigger goes off auto- 
matically," observes Chairman 
Pat “Whereas a soft trigger has 
to be squeezed hard. There is 
enough confusion about health 
care. Nor is S. J. Pcrelman on 
Hand to set us straight.” 

Dutifully, Moynihan atta- 
ches a glossary prepared by tbe 
Finance Committee staff. It de- 
fines a hard trigger as “a man- 
date (on employers and/or in- 
dividuals). automatically 
imposed if a commission deter- 
mines that the percentage of 
' salth 


surance has not reacted a target 
specified in statute." 

A soft trigger is a lander, 
gender form of coercion: “Un- 
do- a soft trigger. Congress re- 
views recomnJriJdatians of a 
commission feu increasing cov : 
erage rates, if the commission 
determines that the percentage 
of pexsons covered by health' 
insurance has not reached atar- 
gel specified inJstatutri There is 
-r» requirement for Congress to 
act" On the CBS program 
“Face, the Nation,” Bob 
Schieffer defined soft trigger 
more simply as “if you don't 
.tave.univeisal health care sev- 
eral years down the road, then 
Congress will revisit the issue 
and deride wbat to dp about it” 
But wait — there is a refine- 
ment known as the fast-trade 
trigger. ; which fits somewhere 
between hard and soft Con- 
gressional Quarterly defines 
that eventuality this way: 
‘^Congress would be presented 
with legislation designed to 
achieve universal coverage or 
control costs. The bills could 
not be amended or subjected to 
a filibuster" 

.Thus, in current political us-, 
age, triggers are means to com- 
mit future Congresses to actions 
that the current Congress is un- 
wflhng to take now. 

D 

- The recipient of missives 
from Moynihan must be alert to 
arcane literary allusions. In this 
one about triggers, be suggests I 
access my “Somewhere & Ros- 
coe . . ." file; he refers to a 
classic article of that title in the 
Oct 15,. 1938. New Yorker 
ma gazine fry S. J. Perefrnan, sa- 
tirically analyzing the hard- 
boiled school of private eyes 
exemplified by Dashiefl Ham- 
mett’s Sam Spade and Ray- 
mond Chandler’s Philip Mar- 
lowe.. 

Pereiman particularly fo- 
cused on. a publication called 
~ ' ( Detective and its hero. 
Turner, who took to his 
. “a wow in a gown of 
re r lamfe that stuck to hex 
lush curves like a coating of 
va rnish ” named Zarah Tren- 
persons covexed by health in- wide. Just as “she fed me a kiss 


are 


that-throbbed all the way down 
my fallen arches," suddenly: 

“From the doorway a rosc/jp. 
said ‘Kachow!’ and a sliS# 1 
creased die side oT my noggjn- 
Neon lights exploded made my 
think-tank. . . . She was as 
dead as a stuffed mongoose. 
... I wasn’t badly hurt. But 1 
don't like to be slut at. I don’t 
like dames to be rubbed out 
when I’m flinging woo at them.” 

This was the passage from 
Spicy Detective, seized on by the 
sainted Sidney Joseph Pbreunan 
as the. essence of the genre, to 
which the Senate Finance Com- 
mittee chairman undoubtedly 
refers. Sure enough, it was in my 
roscoe file, a slang word from 
area 1924 meaning “handgun ” 
probably from tbe male name 
Roscoe, whose association with 
the weapon is lost in the evanes- 
cent mists of antiquity. (Tbe 
word drink-tank, as used in tbe 
Spicy Detective citation above, 
in the ’30s meant “brain”; losing 
its hyphen, it later came to be 
applied to student-free colleges.) 

I wish we had Dan Turner 
with us today to solve a lexico- 
graphic mystery. Legislative trig- 
gers, whether based on the mod- 
es of a base-dosing commission 
or on fast-track procedures for 
approving trade agreements, are 
said to cause actions to kick in at 
some future date. 

Robert Louis Stevenson fust 
used kick in, about a door, ir 
the 1881 “Treasure Island”; tft. 
first use of the phrase in the 
sense of “to contribute money” 
appeared in the United Slates 
in 1908, and today political sup- 
praters are expected to kick in 
to campaigns. But I suspect a 
mechanical sense exists, unre- 
prated in dictionaries, which 
causes engines to kick in, or 
start. For Sis ’30s slang usage, 1 
would ordinarily turn to Zarah 
Trenwick in her silver lame- 
gown, but from the doorway a 
roscoe said “Kachow!" . . . 

New York Times Service 


INTERNATIONAL 

CLASSIFIED 

Appears on Page 4 


CROSSWORD 


WEATHER 


ACROSS 

i Comic Martha 
a Bamboozle 
e Stoppers 
l« Height: Abbr. 
is Face-to-face 
exam 

IB Beau at the 
balcony 
17 Town near 
Caen 

taChockabiocic 
io Headlong 
22 Resident's 
suffix 


23 Race tracks 

24 Dormitory din 
asNewYock’B 

Twin — ~ 

30 Offspring, 
genealogically: 
Abbr. 

at Celtic Neptune 

32 Centers 

33 Walk-on 

34 ChanceUorsvflle 
victor 

39 Western Indian 
39 Enmity 

31 Sugar suffix 
30 Singer Tills 


Solution to Pnxde of July 15 
IwIaTtIt Is Hr !e It 1 1 IcIeInItI 



40 Word after 
many or honey 

41 Conflict in 
Greek drama 

42 French dance 

43A.LorN.l_ 

honorees 
■M’PhAdre' 
dramatist 
4« Flummoxes 
4B Spring 
fragrance 
40 Picture blowup: 
Abbr. 

so Head count 
S3 Game of digs 
and spikes 
37 Parts of pefvisas 
9S Greek poet 
saved by a 
dolphin 
so Fit 
eo Oodles 

01 Mississippi 
Senator 
Lott 

02 Branch 
headquarters? 

03'AuidLang 


DOWN 

1 Answer. Abbr. 

sDer 

(Adenauer 

moniker) 


3 Cowardly one 

4 Changes with 
the times 

9 Carpentry pins 
e&urope/Asia 

separator 

7 Dark shadow 
• BuBding wring 

01984 Goldie 
Hawn movie 

10 Look 
threatening 

11 Actress 
Thurman 

laSofidify 
is Our sun 
is Xmas tree 
trimming 

21 Spoil 

9« Interstate trucks 

29 Without rhyme 
or reason 

aa'Schindter’s 
List* star Liam 
27 Novelist 
Graham 

22 Hitches, as a 
ride 

20 Surpass at the 
dinner table 

30 Natural alarm 
docks 

33Hoo(beats 
30 About to occur 


at Pulchritudinous 
eiGumarabic 
trees 

44 Garden brook 
40 Completely 
47 Juicy fruit 


40 Takas It easy S3 Large tub 

90 Contemporary 84 Hockey’s 

dramatist David Bobby 

M King of the mGotf-ball 

beasts position 

92 Deceased so Prohibit 


Europe 


Forecast far Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by Accu-Wealher. Ada 





Buriys 


Today 
HJjh Lew 
CO OF 
30/88 71/70 
24 m 17102 
3048 17/82 
asm 23 ha 

70/02 2 am 
asm iB/w 

27/80 13/55 
M/75 17/02 
32/80 22171 


Copwtagwi 26/77 12/53 
Coda M So/ 32/09 M/75 
0i4ta 20*88 13* 

MtH^i I9/8B 13/56 
34/93 21/70 
27*3 ISflB 
27*3 tUM 

20/88 13/55 


*1/70 

10/84 

14/57 

18«4 

21/70 

17/07 

17/02 


UwPWnas 20/70 

Laban 28/02 

London 34/15 

34/83 
32/89 
27/80 
Mu**i 2740 

fc* 2042 

Gate M/75 

27/00 

PWa 27/80 

at* 9 

Wv ft ta * 16*9 

Rome 33/91 

s» n*<ntug em 

SMtabn 22/71 

Sfcaboutg 20/84 

Tafen 10*8 

Van 32/80 

Vlam 32*8 

Mon 26/78 

Zurich 29/04 


14/57 
23/73 
17*2 
17(02 
11*2 
21/70 
16*8 
f 1*2 
18*0 
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19*8 
■2«3 
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a 25/77 
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• 33*1 

a 20*2 
pc asm 

pc 25/77 
pc 29/77 
I 32*0 
pc 24/75 
a ant 
pc 21/10 

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pc 21/m 
a 32*8 
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pc 23/73 
8 35*5 
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i aa/7p 
pa 27*o 
a 28/79 
B 27*0 
I 26/78 
I 38/79 
ah 1**7 
pc 32*8 
C M/75 

PC 22/71 

I 20*2 
pc 20*0 


pc 26/77 
I 27*0 



19*5 
14/57 a 
23/73 a 
14*7 ah 
14*7 ah 
18(84 a 
7467 pc 
15*9 a 
1467 ah 

20*8 a 

21/70 a 
19*8 a 
•6*1 ■ 
20*8 a 
16164 a 
16*1 I 
1467 i 
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14*7 pC 
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14*7 pC 
1467 a 


Oceania 


North America 
New York Cfey Io Woshing- 
loo. D.C~ uB two wi event- 
ful weather tftrougti mid- 
week. Each day wH be very 
warm and muggy wih scal- 
lered showers and thwdsr- 
alorma. Drier-lhan-normal 
weather wfth sunshine win 
cover Miami and Ortwido. In 
Chicago, warm and humid 
weather w* prevail. 

Middle East 


Europe 

Warm aunshfeie wi> brighten 
northern Europe such as 
England, ftefbertamb, north- 
ern Germany and Scandi- 
navia much of the time. The 
period wB begin wth spotty 
showers from France lo 
southern Germany. Austria 
and northern Italy; it may 
turn sunnier at rnk SM oh - 


Asia 

SweBerfng. steamy days and 
warm, mugg/ nlgh& wBtest 
ihrouj^i die period h Japan, 
Korea and in eastern Chha 
such as Shanghai, the only 
rains will be hil-or-mias 
downpours. Taipei, Hong 
Kong.- Singapore and 
Bangkok will have normal 
tr opical heat and scattered 
Vwndaratotms. 


Latin America 


Tor** T/aaorm 

* Low W High Low 


BWU 

Mo 


© New York Times Edited by Will Shortz. 


Mkctt 

Spbwy 


12*3 TM4 s U*S 7/44 pc 
15(58 7744 pc 16*1 8/46 PC 


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Ugh Low W Mgh low W 
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32*9 19*6 a 34*3 18*6 a 
27*0 16*9 a 28*2 15(56 a 
M/7V 17*2 a 27*9 17*2 a 
34 OP 21/70 a 37*8 18*8 a 
38/102 25/77 a 42/10727*9 a 
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HodaJwato 29*4 17*2. a 30*6 IB/84 pc 

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Una 


Total 
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OF OF 


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OF 


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84/75 ril 

33/91 

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32*9 

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31*0 

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31*8 

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Uwta 

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84775 

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30*6 

34*75 ■ 

NwD* 

34190 

89*4 

tit 33/91 

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M 

33*1 

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pc 

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Shan^wi 

34783 

26779 

pc 

34173 

3P/79 pc 

W“ 

32*9 

22/71 

pc 

32*8 

33773 pc 

33*1 

23773 

pc 

33*1 

24/75 pc 

T«*y^ 

34783 

25777 

c 

34/93 

28779 pc 


Africa 

«p» 

31*88 

33*73 

3 

29(84 

25771 pc 

Cape Town 

1 7*2 

7*44 

1 

17*2 

9(48 pc 

Caaahfanea 

28*82 

20*8 

fl 

28*2 

2W68 pc 

Hwm 

20*8 

12*3 

1 

22771 

13*5 

!S , 

20*2 

73/73 

ill 29*4 

24/75 pc 

20*8 

10*0 


22(71 

11*52 pc 

Tirti 

34*3 

21770 

5 

33*8 

21/70 » 

North America 


Boston 

Clnpi 


Homan 
Lxn Anpries 
Uwrf 

MrraapaS* 


SmFwl 

Umta 

Toronto 


17*2 9/40 

32*9 27*1 
24775 19*6 
2*184 16*4 
32*9 14(57 
»*4 18*4 
30788 29/73 
3**0 23773 
27*0 18*4 
32*9 24/75 
29*4 19*6 
26777 13(56 
31*8 23/73 
30/88 22/71 
381102 28*2 
25(77 14*7 
29*4 13*5 
26/79 14*7 
33781 23/73 


r 18 * 
pc 3?* 

3h 27* 
S 28* 

pc 32* 
a 28 * 
pc 30* 
1 30* 
pc 29* 
1 32* 

1 26(7 

* 24/7 
1 32* 


pc 24 


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COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 


ASIA 

AnscraBa 

1-80CK881-OU 

Ctrina, PBO** 

108X3 

Gnam 

01K872 

Hong Kong 

800-1111 

India* 

000-117 

Indonesia* 

002-801-10 

Japan- 

0039-111 

Korea 

009-11 

Korea** 

11* 

Malaysia* 

8000011 

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000-911 

Philippines* 

105-11 

Saipan* 

255-2872 

Singapore 

800-0111-111 

Sri Lanka 

430-430 

Taiwan* 

0060-102800 

Thailand* 

0019^91-1111 

EUROPE 

Armenia** 

8*14111 

Aatria-" 

0229Wni 

Belgium* 

0800-100-10 

Bulgaria 

00-18000010 

Croatia.** 

99-38-0011 

Czech Rep 

00-420-00X01 

Denmark* 

8001-0010 

Finland* 

9900-100-10 

France 

19*r0011 

Germany 

0130-0010 

Greece* 

0G800-13H 

Hungary- 

00*-800-01U1 

Icdanthn 

999-001 

Ireland 

1-800-5504)00 


COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 


Italy* 

172-1011 

Uedxrensoehi* 

155-00-11 

Lithuania* 

8*196 

Ucretnboutg 

O^OChOlll 

Macedonia, F.YJL of 99-8004288 

Malta.* 

0800-890- 110 

Monaco* 

19*4011 

Netbertandr 

06-022-91X1 

Ifetwjy 

800-190-11 

Poland^** 

0*010-48001 13 

Poruigal* 

05017-1-288 

Romania 

OX-BOO-4288 

Rnssia**(Moscow) 

155-5042 

Sk/valda 

00420-00101 

Spain* 

900-99-00-11 

Sweden* 

020-795^11 

Switzerland* 

155-00-11 

UK. 

0500490011 

Ukraine* 

8*100-11 

MIDDLE EAST 

Bahrain 

800-001 

Cyprus' 

OBOflOOlO 

Israel 

177-100-2727 

Kuwan 

800-288 

Lebanon (Belrnt) 

420001 

Qatar 

0800011-77 

Saurfl Arabia 

1-810-10 

Tnritey* 

00-800-12277 

UAL* 

800-121 

AMERICAS 

Argentina* 

ooi-tw- 200 -nu 

Belize* 

555 

Bofixia* 

0800-1112 


COUNTRY 

ACCESS NUMBER 

Bncdl 

000-8010 

Chile 

00 *-03X2 

Cothnnli&i 

980-11-0010 

Costa Riea*n- 

IM 

Ecuador* 

119 

ElSaK-adorta 

190 

Guatemala* 

IPO 

Guyana*** 

165 

Honduras 4 * 

til 

Mexico*** 

95-OXMb2-42-M> 

Nicaragua (Managua) 174 

Panama* 

lf» 

Fenr 

191 

Suriname 

156 

Uruguay 

nwwn 

Vene 2 uefa*« 

8001 M20 

CARIBBEAN 


1-800-872-2881 

Bermuda* 

1^872-3881 

British VI 

1-801^873-3881 

Cayman Islands 

1^00^2-2881 

Grenada* 

l-#i«f72-288I 

Haiti* 

OOl-WXI-972-2883 

Jamaica- 

(WJ0O873-3S11 

Netb-AntB 

001-800-872-2881 

St. KbUkNcvb 

1-80J-JC2-288I 

AFRICA 

Egypt* (Cfliro) 

5100200 

Gabon* . 

oo*-ooi 

Gambia' 

00111 

Kenya* 


Liberia 

797-797 

SombA&tea 

0-800494123 


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