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Bosnia Foes 
Agree to a 

Accord Falls Far Short 
Of Conditions Sought 
By U.S., Russia and UN 

By David B. Oitaway 

Hashing!, m Post Sm-iiv 

Bosnia’s warring factions agreed Wednesday 
m Geneva on a month-long cease-fire Martins 
Friday to allow time for United Nations medial 
lore to pursue a longer truce. 

The one^ month timii seemed to underline the 
limited ability of the international community 
to find a solution to Lhe 26-month conflict or to 
impose a halt to the fighting despite the in- 
volvement of both the United States and Russia 
in the peace negotiations. 

Y as us hi Akashi. the UN mediator 3nd spe- 
cial envoy to the former Yugoslavia, spent five 
days trying to get the two factions to the negoti- 
ating table and had pushed for a four-month 
halt to the fighting. 

The agreement reached, reminiscent of so 
many failed cease-fires with no provisions for 
enforcement, failed to mention either a separa- 
tion of forces, the withdrawal of heavy weapons 
or the interposition of UN troops to assure that 
the two rides adhere to the agreement. 

When the foreign ministers of the United 
States, Russia and the major European coun- 
tries met in Geneva on May 13 they issued a 
solemn declaration saying such measures were 
essential and that any cease-fire should last at 
least four months with a provision for an exten- 

The ministers are scheduled to meet again in 
Geneva on Sunday to review the work of their 
“contact group.” which has been trying to de- 
vise a peace plan based on the partition of 
Bosnia between a Bosnian Serbian republic and 
the newly established Muslim-Croalian federa- 
tion. Those two entities are supposed to stay 
united in a loose union. 

The Muslim-fed Bosnian government is now 
particularly reluctant to accept the kind of 
cease-fire that American, Russian and Europe- 
an foreign ministers are proposing. It fears the 
real intent of all the Western powers, including 
its closest ally, the United States, is to freeze the 
war for good at a rime when the Bosnian Serbs 
occupy more than 70 percent of the country. 

The Bosnian Muslims, gaining steadily, in 
military strength as a result of outside arms 
shipments and their new federation with the 
Croats, want to Ireep open their option of trying 
to regain by war more of the land they have lost 
to the Bosnian Serbs. 

They have doubts that the international com- 
munity has the will to force the Bosnian Serbs 
lo withdraw from any of the lands they now 
bold, even if there is a peace agreement on the 
basis of the partition plan now being discussed 
that would give the Muslim-Croauan federa- 
tion 5 1 percent of Bosnia. Under that partition 
plan, the Bosnian Serbs theoretically would 
have lo surrender more than 20 percent of their 
current holdings. 

The United States has joined Russia and the 
European Union in backing the SI-49 partition 
plan but laid down many conditions for any 
participation of UJS. troops in a UN peace- 
keeping force to carry it out. 

The skepticism about Wednesday’s agree- 
ment was reflected in comments made by the 
Bosnian Serbian leader, Radovan Karadzic, 
who called it “modest” and noted that none of 
the previous cease-fires had worked. 

He bad been insisting initially on a yearlong 
cease-fire and then lowered his demand to four 
months before finally accepting just one month, 
which was the initial Bosnian government pro- 

The two sides again agreed to exchange pris- 
oners and information on. missing persons. 
Both sides have held back on releasing all their 

Mr. Akashi said of the cease-fire: “What we 
got was certainly less than what J tried to get at 
the outset, which was for at least a four-month 
agreement on cessation of hostilities. But under 
the circumstances such a more-ambitious un- 
dertaking was not within reach.” 

The cease-fire document said that “as a first 
step" both sides agreed not to engage in offen- 
sive military operations “or other provocative 
actions of any kind” for one month starting 
Friday at noon. _ ... 

As the talks on a possible cease-fire dragged 
on, Zoran Lilie. president of Serbian-dominat- 
ed Yugoslavia, indicated growing weariness 
with the Bosnian Serbs. 

Yugoslav authorities are eager (o end crip- 
plingUN sanctions imposed to pmish Yugo- 
slavia for its role in instigating the Bosnian 

See TRUCE, Page 7 






LodcIod, Thursday, June 9, 1994 

That’s Entertainment at 35,000 Feet 

By Edwin McDowell 

.Vff }‘unt Tunrs Smm 

NEW YORK — A growing number of 
airline passengers wOl soon be able to sil back 
and press the buttons of a computer system 
dial will offer them many of the entertain- 
ment options of their living rooms, the busi- 
ness capabilities of their offices and real-time 
information on where tu pick up their bag- 
gage and at what gate to make a connecting 

Northwest Airlines already has such a sys- 
tem — including Nintendo gomes — on sev- 
eral jets. 

United Airlines is putting a competing sys- 
tem on its wide-body fleet. British Airways 
and Singapore Airlines have similar plans. 
Passengers can play video mah-jongg on Chi- 
na Airlines. 

Ii is the latest attempt by the industry to 

keep passengers entertained on long flights, a 
trend pioneered in 1962 by TWA with the 
first scheduled movie on an airliner. “By 
Love Possessed" with Luu Turner and Jason 

Now. passengers can choose from at least 
four movies, digital audio, a telephone-fax. 
and channels for shopping and for informa- 
tion on baggage, connecting gates and weath- 
er at destination cities. 

The systems combine a small television 
screen, headphones and a remote-control de- 
vice that allows passengers to choose these 

Typically, the airlines arc offering some of 
the services free but charging for others. Nin- 
tendo games, for example, cost travelers S4 
an hour on Northwest. 

Within two years passengers should also be 
able to make hold reservations, buv tickets to 

sporting and theater events, and watch live 
news and entertainment. 

Donna Abrahamson, Northwest’s inflight 
sales specialist, acknowledged. “Anyone who 
is not familiar with computers is scared to 
death dl first" - 

But with the help of flight attendants and 
children who “love to show the older passen- 
gers how to play the games.’’ adults “will 
watch movies and play games for hours.” 

Older men often play the golf video game. 
Ms. Abrahamson said, while children are the 
most avid game players. Adults tend to watch 
movies or scan the' shopping channel, where 
they can buy items that are then delivered to 
their seats.' 

Within the last year. Nintendo and 
Hughes-Avicom international, a subsidiary 

See FLY, Page 7 


Um; V* 1 ' Fr*«.Pie< 

President Bffl CKnton frith Lord Jenkins, chancellor of University College, Oxford, after receiving an honorary law degree 
Wednesday. He return! to the campus where he was a war protester in the 1960s to find a new generation of protesters. Page 3. 

War’s Ruins Where Soviet Elite Played 

By Raymond Bonner 

New York Tima Serna 

SUKHUMI, Georgia — In the Soviet era, 
one of the favored spas of the Communist elite 
was the Georgian province of Abkhazia, where 
the cragged range of the Caucasus, snow-cov- 
ered most of the year, lies within right of mile 
after mile of Black Sea beaches. 

The land now Hes in ruins. At hillside homes 
with sweeping views, artillery shells collapsed 
the roofs, and looters followed, in the center of 
the capital, Sukhumi, buildings are charred 
skdetobs. Luxury beachfront hotels are empty 

The province’s Georgians, who oncemade up 
nearly half the population, have been killed or 
fled, and time is an eerie emptiness to Sukhu- 

mi, where heavily armed men in mufti roam ihc 

The city has become the ghostly symbol of 
another brutal ethnic war, ooe in which Abkha- 
zian separatists claim a victory the world 
not recognize. 

“We’re de facto independent” Vladislav 
Ardzinba, chairman of the Supreme Soviet of 
Abkhazia, said in a recent interview. Mr. Ard- 
zinba, who only a few years ago was a hard-line 
Communist, is determined that Georgians nev- 
er again dominate Abkhazia. 

But Georgia believes that Abkhazia must 
return to the fold, and is looking to other 
nations for help. In the end, just about everyone 
agrees that Russia wiB determine Abkhazia's 
future, just as it was Russia that contributed to 
.the upheaval. 

No. 34.610 

Japanese Deal a Blow 
To U.S. Effort on Korea 

Tokyo Fears Sanctions May Prompt 
Uprisings in Its Korean Community 

By David R Sanger 

Sew York Tima Semce 

SEOUL — The Clinton administration’s ef- 
fort to force North Korea to pay a swift, high 
price for its continued defiance of nuclear in- 
spectors has nut into another major roadblock, 
with Japan balking at sanctions that would 
require a quick cutoff of the hundreds of mil- 
lions of dollars that flow from its shores to the 
Communist government in Pyongyang. 

Combined with China's reluctance to exert 
greater pressure on North Korea, the sharp 
debate between Tokyo and Washington threat- 
ens to greatly reduce the pain inflicted on the 
government of Kim n Sung. 

Officials in several countries in Northeast 
Asia say the Japanese have privately said Lhey 
are worried about possible uprisings or terror- 
ism bv their own Korean population, and fear 
that the cutoff of the North’s biggest supply of 
hard currency could lead to widespread suffer- 
ing among the North Korean people. 

Though estimates vary greatly, intelligence 
agencies believe that Koreans living in Japan 
sard S600 million to J 1.8 billion to Pyongyang 
every year, a huge figure in a country whose 
gross domestic product is about S2Q billion. 

Japan has publicly said that it will abide by 
any sanctions approval by the United Nations 
Security Council, including a cutoff of financial 
transfers, as long as the action is permissible 
under the Japanese Constitution. But in pri- 
vate, officials say. Tokyo has been arguing 
against an American plan that would set a 
deadline for North Korea to open up for full 
inspections and impose a cutoff of financial 
transfers among the first set of sanctions if the 
North refused to comply. 

Instead, Japan wants to issue another warn- 
ing, with vague promises of later sanctions. 
Unlike the American plan. Japan's proposal 
calls for a much later attempt at cutting off the 
funds, if North Korea continues to obstruct 
inspections of rites where it is suspected of 
developing nuclear weapons. 

“We are in agreement on the overall goal of 
bringing the North Koreans bade to the negoti- 
ating table.” a senior Japanese official involved 
in the issue said Wednesday. “But stopping the 
remittances of funds is a very heavy sanction. 
Our differences are over the weight of the 
sanctions and the timing’' 

Although officials on all rides say the differ- 

ences are over tactics rather than strategy, the 
impact on American relations with its biggest 
ally in the Pacific could be considerable. The 
United States has supported Japan’s bid to 
become a permanent member of the Security 
Council and Tokyo's handling of the Korean 
crisis is widely regarded in Asia as the greatest 
test of its ability to take a (aiding role in a 
security issue. 

A mishandling of the standoff could also 
bring down the fragile minority government of 
Prime Minister Tsutomu Hata. Mr. Hata has 
reportedly been arguing for a more aggressive 
stance by Japan, but the opposition Social 
Democratic Party, with long and deep links to 
North Korea, holds the deciding votes when a 
no-confidence resolution is presented in Parlia- 
ment. perhaps as soon as this month. 

In Seoul by contrast. President Kim Young 
Sam has publicly taken a far harder line against 
the North than at any point in his 16 months in 
office. On Wednesday, at a first meeting of the 
country’s National Security Council since 1988. 
Mr. Kim made it dear that he would not settle 
for anything Jess than a full accounting of what 
the North has done with its plutonium supplies 
over the past few years. 

“Tensions on the Korean Peninsula are likely 
to remain for the time being,” the president 
said. “North Korea's development of nuclear 
weapons is intended for use not against other 
countries but againsi South Korea, and thus 
their program should be stopped at any cost.” 

Government officials here said that “at any 
cost” did not include a military strike on the 
North’s nuclear sites. “It’s out of the question'' 
a senior aide lo Mr. Kim said Wednesday. He 
also discounted the possibility of a naval block- 
ade. saying. “We are attempting to avoid doing 
anything that could be interpreted as warlike." 

South Korea's biggest fear now. officials say. 
is that the North will try to stage an incident or 
set up a provocation. On Wednesday morning, 
for example, the North Korean official press 
agency quoted military sources as saying that 
the South has deployed new guns in the demili- 
tarized zone and that it fired at a post in the 
North. A spokesman Tor South Korea's De- 
fense Ministry denied that any such activity 
had taken place. 

In the last few months, the Japanese govern- 

Sec SNAG, Page 6 

U.S. and Europe Renew Bid 
To Forge Links With East 

So far. no one ha.-, recognized Abkhazia’s 
independence, because other nations take the 
position that Georgia'.' territorial integrity is to 
be respected. This position rests on the fear that 
if borders can be changed by force, there will be 
more separatist bloodshed elsewhere. 

Whether the rest of the world will actually do 
anything to enforce the principle of territorial 
integrity is uncertain, if not unlikely. The Ab- 
khazians have proved, at least for the moment, 
thaL when it comes lo gaining independence, 
war pays, a lesson demonstrated by the Serbs 
and Eritreans in recent years. 

Like other ethnic di>puie>. the question of 

whose land this originally was depends on how 
far back in historv one aio. But during nearly 

See GEORGIA, Page 6 

By William Drozdiafc 

Washington Pal Serrice 

ISTANBUL — The United States and its 
European allies embarked on a new effort 
Wednesday to formalize closer relations with 
Russia and other former adversaries in the East 
by linking them to the West's principal eco- 
nomic and military organizations. 

Secretary of State Warren M. Christopher, 

who arrived here Wednesday night for a meet- 
ing of NATO foreign ministers on how to build 
a closer military relationship with Moscow, told 
reporters aboard his plane that the blest initia- 
tive reflected President Bill Clinton’s “vision of 
an undivided and integrated Europe.” 

Besides working through NATO's program 
of military cooperation with Eastern countries, 
known as Partnership for Peace, the Clinton 
administration is pressing its European allies to 
open up their markets so that the economic 
partnership between East and West can be 
based more on trade rather than aid. 

In Paris on Wednesday, Mr. Christopher 
joined his counterparts from the world's major 
industrialized nations in approving a new eco- 
nomic accord with Russia designed to expedite 
reforms and expand its nascent market econo- 
my. (Page 9) 

In Istanbul, Mr. Christopher said the 16 
nations of the North Adamic Treaty Organiza- 
tion and nearly two dozen other countries from 
the defunct Soviet empire “will continue to 
develop the important network of relationships 
with our new piuiners” to the East “to strength- 
en the security and prosperity of an undivided, 
democratic Europe." 

Last month, the Russian defease minister. 
Pavel S. Grachev, told the NATO allies that his 
country was prepared to join the military coop- 
eration plan that has been embraced' by 20 
other Eastern states, some of which see it as a 
stepping-stone to full NATO membership. 

But General Grachev stressed that Russia 


Scam to Cost Creditors 4 Billion DM 

Germany's third migor finanaal srandal 
in little more titan six months wul banks 
and insurance companies with tip to 4 bil- 
lion Deutsche marks in tosses, prweentore 
said Wednesday as they disclosed details of 
a scam in which senior managers of Bidsam 
AG, a manufacturer of flooring. speariajd 
in financial markets using borrowed rimes. 

Book Review 

Page 8. 

Prosecutors estimated that Balsam owed 
50 German and foreign banks as much as 1.6 
billion DM ($960 million). A Wiesbaden- 
based factoring company that did business 
with Balsam faces an additional 2 billion 
DM loss. But no single bank is expected to 
lose more than 100 million DM. German 
b anking sources said. (Page 9) 

Bridge Pagp K 

Algeria’s Journalists: A Step From Death 

Regime’s Control and Muslim Hostility Make Life Dangerous 

Newsstand Prices 

Bahrain ...0^00 Din J5 c. 

Cyprus. C.£1.00 Nigeria .5100 Naira 


Gibraltar.?....^ 0.85 

Greet Brifauti 0.85 Saudi Arabia 9.00 R 

Egypt E.P.5QQQ south Africa — R $ . 

Jordan I JD UAE A5QDIrt>- 

Kenya. «.K-SH. iso us.Mll. (6ur.>$ 
Kuwait—.- J00 Fils Zfmbflbwa. Zlnimw 



3 , 749-45 







0.21% P 







By Jonathan Randal 

HVutoigrart Pal Semce 

S1DI FERRUCH, Algeria — From afar Mo- 
hammed would seem to lead a charmed lilt-. He 
lives in a three-star hotel on one of the fine?,i 
beadies. He is good at a job he loves. 

Yet, at 33, things have gone so terribly wrong 
that he won’t even give his family name to a 
viator. He makes only furtive visits home, al- 
ways on the spur of the moment and in bor- 
rowed care so as not lo attract attention. 

Mohammed's problem is that he in j juunul- 

In a little more than a year 15 Algerian 
journalists, as well as a French cameunun. 
nave been assassinated by Islamic radicals ve- 
iling scores with the media they fed side not 
just with the secular government, but with its 
most vehemently radical wing. 

The 15lh Algerian victim — Ferhai Cherkit 
— was gunned down Tuesday outside his news- 
paper, El Moudjahid. the organ of the National 

Liberation Front, which ran Algeria from inde- 
pendence in 19t»2 until the armv takeover in 

Security is why Mohammed and some 100 
other colleagues live, at government expense, at 
lhe Hotel Manar. hall' an hour’s drive on a 
superhighway from where they work m Algiers. 
They carefully siageer their comings and go- 
ings-. hoping to jvnid being predictable. 

At the hold pbiiKivihesmen are on duty 
around the clock. The Manor is close to a 
gendarmerie barracks that is also not far from 
ihe Club des Pins, i he high secuntv compound 
where Algeria's ruling generals, ministers and 
former ministers and lop editors live. 

Mohammed covers sports, providing what he 
calls relief for people fed up with polities and 
terrorism a/lcr more than two \eor> of increas- 
ing violence between the army and Islamic 

Bui even with such a no neon trovers id beat 
Mohammed has received death threats, be- 

cause. he believes, be works for Algerian televi- 
sion, a state monopoly and a prime target for 
lhe assassins. To date five television staff mem- 
bers have been killed. 

“1 did not expect our Algeria to become like 
this.” Mohammed lamented, reflecting fear of 
assassination, government pressure on the me- 
dia, and a lack of objectivity that betrays the 
loathing of many journalists for even moderate 
Islamic involvement m political life. 

Other local and foreign journalists expressed 
less surprise at the fate of the Algerian press, 
which only three years ago was considered one 
of the freest in the Arab world. Today, its most 
obvious limitation is the authorities’ news 
blackout on die security situation. Under anti- 
terrorist emergency legislation, unauthorized 
publication or broadcasting of clashes or casu- 
alties are punishable by fines, seizure of offend- 
ing issues, suspension or imprisonment. 

Algeria’s media, for example, were allowed lo 

See ALGERIA, Page 7 

wanted a parallel “full-blooded strategic rela- 
tionship” to be established with the alliance 
that would take into account Russia’s status as 
Europe’s biggest country and premier nuclear 

Germany has led the way in urging lhe allies 
to accept {be need for a special dialogue with 
Russia. Although the Russians say their request 
to join the partnership is unconditional, there 

has been strong pressure from nationalistic 
forces in the army and the Parliament for Mos- 
cow not to participate unless it receives the kind 
of broad strategic relationship that Mr. Gra- 
chev and others have requested. 

But the United States. Britain and other 
countries fear that granting exceptional status 
to Moscow or creating a special partnership 
would arouse suspicions among smaller Eastern 
states that Russia was bang given an effective 
veto over their security interests. 

Mr. Christopher said it was important that 
the nature of the alliance's relationship with 
Russia must be devised “in a way thai will not 
compromise the integrity of the Partnership for 
See PARTNERS, Page 7 

For Major, Vote 
For EU Deputies 
Could Be Omen 

By William E. Schmidt 

New Yvrk Times Semce 

LONDON — Voters go to the polls Thurs- 
day to choose representatives to the European 
Parliament, but in Britain, at least, the outcome 
of the balloting will most likely tell less about 
Europe than the domestic political future of 
Prime Minister John Major. 

At best, surveys say. only 4 in 10 voters will 
turn out, and even then British ballots will not 
be counted until Stmday. once voting is finish- 
ing in all 12 countries of the European Union. 

But for Mr. Major and Lhe Conservative 
Party, the outcome is likely to provide an omen. 

At stake are 567 seats in the Parliament, 
which meets in Strasbourg, distributed among 
the 12 member countries. (Page 1) 

Hoping to roul Tory candidates, opposition 
parties in Britain have campaigned at times as if 
the ballot were not about the European assem- 
bly, but a referendum on the Conservative 

In turn, the prime minister has taken to the 
stump in recent days, exhorting the party faith- 
ful to turn out, warning that a victory for rival 
Labor or liberal Democratic candidates would 
be a recipe for a centralized federal Europe. 

“Don't stay at home and let other choose the 
destiny of the Continent,” Mr. Major told sup- 
porters in London on Tuesday night. 

Some Conservative politicians have warned 
Mr. Major that a poor showing in these elec- 
tions, only a month after the Tories lost hun- 
dreds of seats in local and county elections, 
could be a fatal blow to the prime minister’s 

With 87 seats at slake, the conventional wis- 

See TORIES, Page 6 

• ■ — ■ ' 'V-'. jE-iL'M&i'’' ' 

PflgCi 2 


Moody lor 




BRUSSELS — European voters 
appear set to give some of their 
leaders a bloody nose on Thursday 
and Sunday, taking the opportuni- 
ty of European Parliament elec- 
tions to vent their anger over the 
state of things at home. 

Officially at stake in the Europe- 
an elections are 567 seats in the 
Parliament which meets in the 
French city of Strasbourg. 

But the elections, which begin on 
Thursday in the Netherlands. Ire- 
land. Denmark and Britain, are 
typically used by voters to express 
their views on incumbent politi- 
cians at home. 

In Britain. Prime Minister John 
Major’s Conservative Party is ex- 
pected to suffer heavy losses to the 
opposition Labor Party in a ballot 
to be held on Thursday. 

Prime Minister Felipe Gonzalez 
of Spain, meanwhile, is looking at a 
possible election victory by the op- 
position center-right Popular Party 
for the first time at the national 
level in 12 ye a/s. 

A particularly poor showing on 
Sunday would 'put Mr. Gonzdlez 
under pressure to call an early gen- 
eral election. 

In Germany, voters will give 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl his first 
nationwide test since 1990 and pro- 
vide a pointer to the likely outcome 
of general elections in October. 

Two recent polls showed Mr. 
Kohl's Christian Democrats either 
even or a few percentage points 
ahead of Rudolf Scharpiug's Social 

M We have effectively 12 national 
elections with a slightly European 
flavor." one EU diplomat said. 

Although the slakes are probably 
highest for Mr. Major and Mr. 
Gonzalez, voters in other countries 
2 re also expected to treat the poll as 
a referendum. 

It will be, for example, the first 
test for Prime Minister Silvio Ber- 
lusconi of Italy since he hammered 
the leftist opposition in March. 

A recent poll indicated that his 
Forza Italia would see an increase 
in support, while Mr. Berlusconi's 
government allies, the neofascist 
National Alliance and the federal- 
ist Northern League, would hold 

Likewise in Greece, Prime Min- 
ister Andreas Papandreou, a So- 
cialist. will get a first feel for his 
popularity after his general election 
win last year. 

In at least one country, however, 
a leader is asking his supporters to 
use the elections for a different 
kind of referendum. 

Ruud Lubbers, who is stepping 
down as prime minister of the 
Netherlands, urged Dutch voters 
on Wednesday to turn out in forex 
as a show of support for his candi- 
dacy to become president of the 
European Commission. 

In China 
To Remain 

Punch Bai'Ajror Fwm-Ptcjm 

A resident of Bethlehem passing tires set afire in a road Wednesday to protest Israels continued detention of Pdesthrians. 

Israel and Jordan Put Details Bef ore Pact 

By Thomas W. Lippman 

Washington Past Serttiv 

WASHINGTON — Israel and Jordan have 
moved closer to peace, agreeing to work togeth- 
er to plan road projects, economic and aviation 
agreements and even tourism and a cross-bor- 
der park. 

The effect of ihe agreement was to leave the 
two countries committed to negotiating peace 
and already planning the details, hut not yet 
prepared to sign an actual treaty. 

The two countries agreed in September on an 
agenda for peace negotiations, but little has 
happened since as Israel concentrated on carry- 
ing out its agreement with the Palestine Libera- 
tion Organization and its indirect peace talks 
with Syria. 

On a shuttle diplomacy mission in the Mid- 
dle East last month. Secretary of State Warren 
M. Christopher did not visit Amman because 

there was no indiccau'on of movement on that 

Now King Hussein of Jordan, who has al- 
ways been reluctant to get out in front of his 
Arab neighbors in dealing with Israel has de- 
cided to go ahead with open, direct contacts 
that fall short of a peace agreement but signal 
that one is coming. 

“Something very significant has happened 
here," said a U-S. official who monitored the 
talks on Tuesday, adding that it was not clear 
what motivated' Jordan to make new agree- 
ments with Israel at this time. 

“This is not a separate Israel -Jordon peace 
treaty." the official said. 

“It is a sanctioned effort to move forward on 
projects that will be implemented in a peace 

Israeli officials hailed the agreement as a step 
toward peace and normal relations with a 

neighbor that has technically been at war with 
Israel since 1967. 

“We are glad that yet another step on the 
road to peace has been taken,” said an Israeli 
negotiator, Elyakim Rubinstein. 

“It is still a long road because all the topics 
that have been discussed here need elaboration, 
negotiation, finalization.” 

Jordan’s ambassador to the United States, 
Fayez Tarawa eh. said, “The accomplishments 
of this session have surpassed expectations." 

Among the points listed in a joint statement 
Tuesday were a decision to bold direct bilateral 
peace negotiations in Israel and Jordan in July; 
an agreement in principle on building a road to 
link the Red Sea pons of Aqaba and Eilat with 
each other and with Egypt; the establishment of 
a joint commission on boundaries, the environ- 
ment, water and security issues; and the devel- 
opment of a master plan for the Jordan Rift 
Valley, including plans for a “transboundary 
cultural heritage park." 

The Toll Mounts in Yemen as UN Envoy Arrives 


ADEN. Yemen — A total of 27 
civilians were killed and 45 wound- 
ed when their village north of Aden 
was shelled, hospital officials said 
Wednesday. The action came as a 
United Nations envoy, Lakhdar 
Brahimi. began a peace mission to 

The casualties, mainly women 
and children, were the result of 

overnight shelling of Dar Saad vil- 
lage. 15 kilometers (10 miles) from 
the southern bastion of Aden, offi- 
cials at Jumhuriya Hospital said. 

Southern officials accused the 
north of shelling the village. 

Southern forces said they shot 
down a northern warplane during a 
failed raid against a target in Little 
Aden, just outside the main city, 
but there was no confirmation from 
the north. 

Mr. Brahimi, a former Algerian 
foreign minister, arrived in the 
northern capital of San‘a. 

The former UN official urged 
both sides in the monthlong civil 
war to stop fighting and resume 

Mr. Brahimi's mission is in line 
with a UN Security Council resolu- 
tion adopted last week calling on 
forces loyal to President Ah Abdul- 
lah Saleh and those of his southern 

rival Ali Salem Baid, to stop Fight- 

San'a had agreed to observe a 
cease-fire starting at midnight on 
Monday, but it collapsed only 
hours later. 

The UN secretary -general Bu- 
tros Butros Ghali. on Tuesday 
urged the warring factions to re- 
spect the ihe cease-fire resolution, 
which also called for a hall in arms 
supplies to the waning parties. 

Co*y*f/a/Jy Our Stc$ From Duptmhes 

BEIJING — Dissidents arrested 
before the anniversary last week of 
the 1989 crackdown on democracy 
protests have been told to expect 
long detentions, friends and. rela- 
tives said Wednesday. 

Friends of Bao Ge,-an advocate 
of democracy from Shanghai who 
was arrested last week, said the 
police had told his family that they 
were bolding him far “shelter and 

Yang Zhou, another Shanghai 
dissident who was arrested in early 
May, has been given the same sta- 
tus. friends said, 

A person held for “shelter and 
investigation" is not entitled to ju- 
dicial protection. The police are not 
required to produce charges or 
hand him over to a court, and al- 
though regulations say the Until is 
three months, in practice the police 
have held souk Shelter and inves- 
tigation" prisoners for years. 

Mr. Bao and Mr. Yang were 
among several dozen people arrest- 
ed in Shanghai and Beijing in tfce- 
weeks leading up to the Jime 3-4 
anni versary of the armyattack: that 
crushed the 1989 Tiananmen 
Square democracy movement Be- 
cause it was the fifth anniversary, 
authorities were especially fearful 
that there might be attempts^ at 

They rounded up some dissi- 
dents, put others under 24-hour 
surveillance and sent still others 
out of town. 

. Family and friends of those ar- 
rested bad expected that they 
would be released after the anni- 
versary passed quietly, but there 
has been no word of any releases. 

The police continued Wednes- 
day to prevent contact with two 
People's University professors who 
staged a hunger strike Friday and 
Saturday in memory of their teen- 
age son. He was among the hun- 
dreds killed by the army on in the 
1989 crackdown. 

The authorities are still not al- 
lowing another dissident. Chen 
Ziming , to return home nearly one 
month after he was given medical 
parole from prison. 

In a related development, China 
accused the State Department in 
Washington of hypocrisy and fab- 
rication for its report on human 
rights in China. 

A strongly worded article pub- 
lished by the China Society for Hu- 
man Rights Studies criticized the 
U.S. report, issued Feb. I. as “un- 
fair, lacking objectivity and funda- 
mentally based on rumors and sub- 
jective conjecture.” 

In its global human-rights report 
for 1993, the Stale Department had 
criticized China for widespread hu- 
man rights abuses, citing extrajudi- 
cial killings, torture and detentions. 

(AP. AFP ) 


Poland, in Reversal of Policy, Seeks 
Better Relations With Russia and 

WARSAW (NYT) — In a reversal oLa p 0 'j lS h 


Antaej Otecfcowsb aid Tuesday. 

encourage dcser diplomatic relations wlh Soviet 

ties withtbe CIsTwhich groups former countries. of the deiunw 

U Since the coDapse of cotomurosm in EfS^. 

ago, Poland had syst em atica ll y severed aD lies baking it torts t 

Stab-Russian relations reached a low point last M 
Boris N. Yelstin of Russia .told the North Atlantic Treap 1 O^i 
that Poland’s entry imo-the alliance was^macceptablc tojdoswj' . 

While Russia'sWockadeot early NATO tiiomm 

relations between the two countries, Tuesday Deputy Defense ^ 
Jerzy MBewski conceded that “Poland wfllhave to accepta^cert^ 
oiMnniWami nf Russia within the Partnership for Peace program. 

U.s. Backs Tuife’PIaiiforlTaqiOil 

. WASHINGTON (WE) — Hie Clinton adminumution . to . **??!_ [!■ 
principle to a Turkish proposal to sdl several uriBron barrels or Iff 1 
crude oil stranded in aTuritish.pipdinesmce. before the ' 

administra tion nfTtai^said.Theproposed sale would bcaooe-ume-om* 
riwit . they said. • . 

A 990-kBometer(610-m^ Kiituk 

crudeoil before Iraq invaded Kuwait in T 99b. ^cq 1 sanctior^ were 
imposed that cutoff sales pflracp ofl. abbot. 12 rmffion barrels of cruue 
woe trapped in the line; including %2 million owned by Iraq ; ,. 

' . TheTtirfcs, looking toward a day when Iraq is again authorized to sen 
oil fredy on world markets, want to flash c *= an put the prpeune w 
keep it in good' woriong- order! They : would sell the col and use toe 
proceeds to provide food and medicine to Iraq. 

A Navy Step on Civilian Homosexuals 

WASHINGTON (AP) — Navy Secretary John Dahon has banned 
discrimiiiatioa a gaimt ' the service s dvilian employees ' based on sexual 
orientaJioo, the navy said Wednesday. . V . 

The directive applies to the service*s'252,000 civilian employees, and is 
in tine with regulations issued, by the Equal Employment Opportunity 
Commission, a spokesman said. \ ~ . 

are expected to foBow suiL ' "! . > ; j 

U.S; Asks Russia for an Explanation 

OXFORD,' England (AP) —The United Stales, is consulting with 
Russia on why a ILS. transport plane was forced to land by Russian 
fighter jets, an American official traveHng with PresidehLBQIGuntoh said 
here Wednesday. The official said the United States did riot believe the 
plane had wandered off course bot-was still checking. 

Russian fighter jets forced the planed Lockheed L-100 traveling from 
Frankfurt to Tbilisi, Georgia, to land ar the Black' Sea city of Sochi on 
Tuesday, saying the aircraft bad violated Russian was allowed ; 
to leave about three hours later. . : •' 

was one of several monthly 1 
added. j 

on," the offhaaFsakL The flight 
ts ini Asia and Africa, the official 

(German Alternative 

HEIDELBERG, Germany ( AP) — Chancellor Helmut Kohl; who was 
not invited to the 50th anniversary of tlw Normandy lacding, cdrf) rated 
the postwar peace with President Francois Mitterrand. at a Festival of 

German Rightist Party Bangladesh Hunts Writer Sentenced by Muslims 

Is Linked to 14 Crimes 

BONN — The German govern- 
ment said Wednesday that the far- 
right Republican Party had been 
linked to 14 crimes since December 
2992. including at least one beating 
resulting in death. 

Responding to a parliamentary 
query by the small Party of Demo- 
cratic Socialism, the government 
said Republican Party members 
were under investigation in several 
states for crimes ranging from libel 
to injury resulting in death. 

The government said it would 
disclose no details of the cases un- 
der review because of continuing 

The government also responded 
to a request to disclose information 
showing Republican support for vi- 
olence against foreigners. 

Il quoted a Republican official 
commenting on ethnic minorities 
at a campaign rally in Freudensiadi 
as saying: “As long as you can 
shoot them I don't have anything 
againsl them." 

The Republican Parly leader. 
Franz Schbnhuber. a former officer 
in Hiller's Waffen-SS. has dis- 
missed a wave of accusations 
agai nst the party as unfounded. 

The Office for the Protection of 
the Constitution, which monitors 
political extremism, has cited sev- 

eral cases in which Republicans 
were suspected of violence. 

In one instance, two Republi- 
cans were sentenced lo Tour years 
in prison after a 56-year-old Turk 
died of a heart attack when they 
beat him and tried to fire a gas- 
powered pistol at him. 

The gun was loaded but failed to 
discharge, but the Turk was scared 
to death, the OfFice said in its re- 
port on poliucal violence in 1993. 

New it-fk Tims Ser.ue 
NEW DELHI — The police across Bangla- 
desh were scouring the country on Wednes- 
day for an outspoken writer who went into 
hiding after Muslim clerics said she should be 
put to death for blaspheming Islam. 

The writer. Taslima Nasreen. 32. slipped 
out of her apartment in Dhaka, the Bangla- 
desh capital a few hours before police offi- 
cers arrived there to arrest her on a blasphe- 
my charge, reports from that country said. 

“We hope that she will not ccme to any 
harm." said a spokesman for Viking- Penguin 
India, her English-language publishers in In- 
dia. He said Ihe writer had not been in touch 
with Viking. 

It is not dear whether Miss Nasreen. a 
former gynecologist who is known for her 
unconventional views on sex and marriage in 
conservative South Asia, was trying to flee 
(he country. 

Miss Nasreen. who is one of her country's 
best-known literary figures, became the focus 
of tuner attacks by clerics in Bangladesh after 
the publication of a book on the tragedy 
overwhelming a Hindu family in her country 
after Hindu militants destroyed a mosque in 
India in 1991 

Hindus arc a minority in Bangladesh, 
which has an Islamic constitution, and there 
have been complaints of violations of their 
rights over the last decade. Many continue to 

slip across into India and settle with relatives. 

Last wedc, the anger against Miss Nasreen, 
who has been married and divorced three 
times, spilled onto the streets of Dhaka after 
Islamic militants demanded her death for 
allegedly saying that the Koran, the holy 
book of the Muslims, was out of dale. The 
writer later denied baring made the state- 
ment to an Indian newspaper. 

In some pans of the dry, militants spread 
through the streets, carrying a noose and 
shouting that the writer be put to death. 

The same day, a local court in the city 
issued a warrant of arrest against Miss Nas- 
reen for deliberately hurting religious senti- 

Japanese Socialists Agree to Talks, if Hata Resigns 

TOKYO — Japan's national budget final- 
ly cleared the lower house of Parliament on 
Wednesday, opening the way for talks be- 
tween breakaway Socialists and Prime Min- 
ister Tsutomu Haul's governing coalition, 
which is seeking a parliamentary maiorify. 

The budget bill for 1994-95. which should 
have taken effect April 1. was sent to Lhe 
upper house for deliberation. The govern- 
ment adopted two stop-gap budgets to tide 
itself over". 

Persistent political wrangling over a loans 
scandal surrounding former Prime Minister 
Morihiro Hosokawa and his sudden resigna- 
tion in April had delayed the 73 trillion yen 
(5700 billion) budget. 

The main opposition Liberal Democratic 
Party has promised to topple Mr. Hata’s 
minority government once the budget be- 

comes law aTier the upper house vote by the 
end of the month. Mr. Hau must resign or 
call early elections if a no-confidence motion 
is passed. 

But on Wednesday the Sariaiist Party, 
which holds the swing votes in Parliament, 
made a conditional offer to rejoin the coali- 

The Socialists insisted that Mr. Hata must 
step down and that the ccahucr. must take a 
softer line against North Korea. 

The Socialists have traditional ties with 
North Korea's governing Communists and 
maintain a strict pacifist platform. 

“We will demand that a new coalition 
adhere to ih** principle and spirit of the 
constitution." said the Socialist Party's depu- 
ty leader. Wataru Kubo. 

“If there is an agreement on policy, i see 

□o reason for a no-confidence motion," he 

The Socialists were members of the coali- 
tion that ended 38 years of Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party rule last year but left it over 
policy issues. 

Talks between the coalition and the So- 
cialists could start next week. 

Mr. Kubo said, however, that Mr. Hata 
must first step down to make way Tor a new 
governing coalition that would include the 

“We must make every effort for the Social- 
ists to rejoin the coalition," said Hajime 
Funada. a senior member of Mr. Hata's 

Japan’s constitution bans the country 
from using military means to settle interna- 
tional disputes. The Socialists say it also 
requires the government to keep any sanc- 

tions within the bounds of what is decided by 
the United Nations. 

North Korea has said it wffl regard sanc- 
tions as an act of war and has shown no signs 
of backing down from its refusal to open 
nuclear facilities to international inspecuon. 

Last week, Mr. Hata's government opened 
talks with the United States and South Ko- 
rea on possible punitive measures to be 
adopted by the three countries should China 
veto any resolution pul lo the UN Security 

China. Ninth Korea's last remaining ally, 
insists the issue most be resolved through 
talks, not sanctions. ... 

In last week’s talks in Washington. Mr. 
Hata's envoy revealed a Japanese draft pack- 
age of sanctions that included bans on trade, 
cash transfers, exchanges of officials and 

But his proposal for a Fnmcb-Gcnnan lovefest two days later. was dearly 
meant as a forward-looking alternative to the Normandy ceremonies, 
whiefa few Germans could wholeheartedly celebrate. ; 

■ About 6,000 French and German youths ••were taking .part- in the 
Heidelberg festival The high point was a forum where Students could 
discuss thefr ideas aW Europe of dv? neif century 'with: the 1 two 
leaders. • . • .' .-. _ .■ ■ • 1 ; 'i _• 

PARIS (Reuters) — Choking hack sobson national televisidti. former 
President Valery discard ifEstiring said Wednesday, that German sol- 
diers had no place in France’s hational^ ^day edebratkms next month. 

. Mr.Giscarifd’EstaiM’seyes/flJed with tear sand his voice thickened 
when he was asked if ne supported a dedaon by PresLdenLFranqois 
Mitterrand to invite European Army -Carps troop$, : including German 
soldiers, to march in Paris on July 14, in what is knpwnoutside of France 
as Bastille Day. 1 • 

“When I was in high school in Paris, every morning when we^ 'woke up 
we heard the Germans — this moves me — singing under our windows," 
the former president, 68, aferveat supporter of dqser relations between 
France and Germany, said. “We heard ttidr steps in the streeLiintil l 944. 
The thought that this year when we are connuemorating these battles, 
these sacrifices, we axe .going to see> them parading on the Champs- 
Elystes, it really affects me." ... . 


Tokyo and Osaka Most Costly Cities - 

GENEVA (Reuters) — The Japanese cities of Tokyo and Osaka are 
still by far the world's most expensive places to hive, with Moscow in third 
place, according to a Swiss study made public Wednesday. \ 

The report, by the Corporate Resources Group, measures the cost of 
living In various cities across the glpbe.uang a basket of 155 goods and 
services. With New York (ranked m 19th place) takea-as a.nouonal 100- 
point basis, Tokyo scored 207 points on the index and Osaka 194. 

Moscow, a new convert to capitalism, ranked third on 133 points, 
ahead of Buenos' Aires, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Zurich and Geneva. “The 
currency changes and price movements during the past year have made 
the majority of European cities less expensive compared to New York one 
year ago." the statement sauL -The cheapest city of the 100 list was 
Harare, Zimbabwe, at 68 points. • 

Train smfces in (he Netheriands were disrupted Wednesday as drivers 
and conductors held a wildcat strike m protest at planned job cuts. Rail 
workers in Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague joined the strike, 
leaving much of the country without trains. International services to and 
from Belgium, France and Germany were also disrupted. . {Reuters) 
Albania denied reports Wednesday that it had prevented road traffic 
from crossing its border with Montenegro for five days. But a statement 
by the Public Order Ministry said the Albanian pohee had been required 
to increase: checks on vehicles because of the growth of smuggling oil in to 
the former Yugoslavia. (AFP) 

The French airfare AOM said it would begin serving half a dozen new 

Bahamas, and Td Aviv from Paris Iwkc daily. ; (Bloomberg) 

Hie unaAeroCtoorfsts visiting Israel in the first quarter of 1 994 jumped 
13 percent, to 658,400, over the same period last year as arrivals from the 
Far East soared, the Toarism Ministry said -Wednesday. (AFP) 

To call from country to country, or back to the U.S., dial the WoridPhone number of the country, you're .balling from. 

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Races Head 
For Record 
Outlay in 

By Dave Lesher * 

lm Angeles Tunes Service 

Mansion, a Democrat, will defend 
h» U j L Senate seal from Caiifor- 
m November against a fresh- 

r 2 an i R fP u j“ ,cafl congressman. Mi- 

chad Huffington, who won his 
Pariys nomination with a cam- 
palpi financed from his personal 

The primary election results 
Tuesday set the stage for a Senate 
race in the fail that is very likely to 
set a record for campaign spending 
and is sure to be one of the most 
closely watched in the nation. 

The stakes are unusually high 
because Democrats are fighting To 
keep control of the Senate and the 
Republicans would get a big boost 
if they stole an unexpected seat in 
California, if the Democrats lost in 
such a key state, it would send an 
ominous signal to the White House 
about President Bill Clinton’s 
chances for re-election in 1996. 

But the haghtened awareness 
about this race is recent. Just a few 
months ago, Washington insiders 
and many California Democratic 
leaders were counting on Ms, Fein- 
stem’s re-election as one of the sur- 
est bets of 1994. Sbe is still consid- 
ered a formidable incumbent who. 
wonld be difficult to unseat Bui 
today, campaign observers regard 
her race as a serious rate. 

Mr. Huffington, a businessman 
and newcomer to California, upset 
a veteran congressman in 1992. Mr. 
Huffington pounded his opponent 
with negative commercials and 
spent more than $5.2 million of his 
own money to set a national record 
for spending m a House campaign. 

Based on his last campaign fi- 
nance report and on recent televi- 
sion purchases, Mr. Huffington 
was ex p ected to spend as much as 
$8 million of his own money on the 
primary. If so, that is already dose 
to the record for the most personal 
money ever spent in a Senate race, 
set by Jay RodcefeBer’s $10 million 
when he won a seat from West 
Virginia in 1984. . 

Ms. Feinstein has raised at least 
$6 million. Thus, the candidates 
together are more than halfway to a 
record for the most expensive Sen- 
ate race in history. The current re- 
cord is $25.9 mflhon, set in the race 
won by Senator Jesse Helms. Re- 
publican of North Carolina, in 

In the gubernatorial race. Stale 
Treasurer Kathleen Brown cruised 
to victory in the Democratic prima- 
ry and said she was eager to begin a 
long-awaited showdown with Gov- 
ernor Fete Wilson, a Republican. 

Ms. Brown. 48, becomes the 
third Brown chosen by Democrats 
as their gubernatorial standard- 
bearer in the last four decades. She 
rode a well-heeled bandwagon to 
victory over the insurance commis- 
sioner, John Garamendi, 48, and 
state Senator Tom Hayden, 54. 

Her brother, Edmund G. (Jerry) 
prawn Jr. and her father, Edmund 
G. (Pat) Brown were governors of 
the state. 

l>ikn tUvroorr TIk V*kuuiI Prrv. 

HIM AND HIS SHADOW — Jimmy Carter, the former president and former Georgia 
governor, speaking with reporters after a statue of him was unveiled at the capital in Atlanta. 

Clinton Walks Oxford’s Halls of Protest 

By Ann Devroy 

It <utun£(oR Past StTHct 

OXFORD, England — Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton ended his D-Day 
tour of Europe on Wednesday with 
a nostalgic visit to Oxford Univer- 
sity. ddymg the ghosts of his own 
biography to visit the campus 
where be struggled to avoid mili- 
tary service in Vietnam. 

!> was here, as a Rhodes Scholar 
in 1969, that Mr. Clinton wrote his 
now-famous tetter to an ROTC of- 
ficer in Arkansas, thanking him for 
“saving me from (he draft." And it 
was Here that Mr. Clinton planned 

ami-war demonstrations and wrote 

of his generation’s ‘'loathing** of 
the military because of the Vietnam 

And it was here, in the ancient 
halls or Oxford's Shddooian The- 
ater, that Mr. Clinton chose to end 
his tour of homage to the heroes of 
World War li with an bonoraiy 
degree awards ceremony and con- 
versation with students who fol- 
lowed him here. 

While acknowledging that this 
event ending his trip was what one 
aide called “weird scheduling,” a 
While House official said the presi- 

dent “wanted to come here and so 
here we are ” 

Mr. Cfimoa made no mention of 
his war protest activities as a stu- 
dent at Oxford, but he did ac- 
knowledge the 250 Oxford students 
who staged a sit-in demonstration 
aimed at him. Their shouts filtered 
into the hall during the ceremonies. 

The authorities then abandoned 
plans for the president to walk in a 
procession after the ceremonies. 
Instead, they ushered him into a 
limousine, keeping the protesters 
behind a tight line of police. 

The White House press secre- 
tary, Dee Dee Myers, said this visit 
was about “an important message 
the president has” for students here 
and elsewhere that is exactly right 
to end the D-Day observances: 

”7heir generation needs to pick up 
the mantle and cany on.” 

Mr. Clinton offered that message 
in brief remarks following the de- 
gree ceremony, mostly in Latin, 
conducted by the chancellor of the 
university. Lord Jenkins of Hill- 
head. Mr. Clinton, in the official 
presentation, was described as a 
“doughty and tireless champion of 
the cause of world peace.” 

In his remarks. Mr. Clinton 
stuck to the cross-generational 
theme that has served him during 
the past days* tributes on the 
beaches of Normandy and the cem- 
eteries across Europe where Ameri- 
cans killed in the war hie buried. He 
spoke of the lessons of D-Day and 
the time “the sheer will of free- 
dom’s forces changed the course of 
this century ” 

The obligations of today’s lead- 
ers and citizens, he said, “go be- 
yond memory" to “unite our peo- 
ple around the opportunities of 
peace as those who went before us 
united against the dangers of war 
and oppression.’’ History, he said, 
“does not always give us grand cru- 
sades, but it always gives us oppor- 

Mr. Clinton, who looked and 
sounded exhausted, found time 
nonetheless to stroll through the 
campus and to visit his old room 
here and chat with students, in- 
cluding Emma Caldwell, 18. of 
Northern Ireland, who occupies the 
suite he mice did. Outside the cere- 
mony. the protesters demonstrated 
about a several causes, including 
the cost of the event and U.S. poli- 
ties in Bosnia and Haiti 

Mr. Clinton made no references 
to the controversial segment of his 
youth that unfolded here. On this 
journey overall, he has been un- 
apologcM about his opposition to 
the Vietnam War and his efforts to 
avoid the draft, and as the Nor- 
mandy events began, even offered a 

new description of his sentiments 

about the military, and his regrets 
at having missed service in a popu- 
lar cause. 

In an NBC television interview 
Sunday, as he relaxed about the the 
aircraft carrier George Washington 
off the Normandy coast, he said “1 
don’t regret the foci that I opposed 
the conflict in Vietnam and our 
policy there. 1 did what 1 could to, 
honorably, bring it to an end. I still 
think I was right." 

Mr. Clinton’s aides had hoped 
that his performance on this pic- 
ture-perfect tour would exorcise 
the ghosts of his past and dearly set 
in the public mind that someone of 
his generation, the war-protester 
generation, could honor the sacri- 
fices of soldiers and sit comfort- 
ably. finally, in the chair of com- 
mander in chief. 

College Women Catch Up in Chugging 

Senior Democrats Say Health Plan 
Faces Calendar Crunch in Congress 

By Adam Clymer 

Nett York Times Service 

WASHINGTON - Unless con- 
isional committees produce 
!th care hiSs. this month, Con- 

K lose the chance to over- 
t care this year, accord- 
ing to'tlfe Hofi&r majority leader. 
Richard A. Gephardt of Missouri. 

“The way I see it, we need to be 
on the floor in July,” he said. 

Neither Mr. Gephardt nor other 
Democratic leaders would say that 
missing that target would be fatal 
to the project that President Bin 
Clinton has made the centerpiece 
erfhis administration. But most of 

in bodfhousesand sent to a Housed 
Senate conference by the mid-Au- 
gust vacation break, there will not 
be enough lime to assemble and 
pass any substantial health legisla- 
tion before Congress quits far toe 
November elections. 

The leaders want to obtain legis- 
lation from as many committees as 
they can. They could then claim a 
broader base lor the packages they 
would devise from those proposals 
and put before their colleagues for 
a vote. 

To gel bills passed by each bouse 
by August, especially in the Senate, 
where debate can drag on endless- 
ly, they want committee versions 
they can work on by early July. 

Although leaders insist they still 
have lime, they have suffered set- 
backs. from the ouster of one chair- 
man they were counting on. Repre- 
sentative Dan Rostenkowski, 
Democrat of Illinois, at the House 
Ways and Means Committee, to 
the inability of all five major com- 
mittees to meet their self-imposed 
deadline of action by May 30. 

The Senate Labor and Human 
Resources Committee is the only 
committee with a final vote in sight. 

Its chairman. Senator Edward M. 
Kennedy, Democrat of Massachu- 
setts, hopes for a final vote this 
week and has faced no obstruction, 
and even occasional support, from 
committee Republicans. 

The more problematic Senate Fi- 
nance. Committee is expected to 
meet privately on Thursday to con- 
sider a draft proposal from its 
chairman. Senator Daniel Patrick 
Moynihan, Democrat of New 

Mr. Moynihan has moved more 
slowly than any other chairman as 
be searched for Republican sup- 
port But be is expected to offer a 
proposal that would require em- 
ployers to pay for their workers’ 
health insurance, a central element 
of President Clinton's plan and all 
the Democratic leadership varia- 
tions, as well as Ibc element Repub- 
licans most strongly attack in every 

By Brooke A. Masters 

H'ttsMuigloa Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The percentage of 
American college women who drink alcohol 
primarily to get drunk has tripled since the mid- 
1970s and now nearly equals the percentage of 
college men who drink for the same reason, 
according to a new report. 

The National Commission on Substance 
Abuse at Colleges and Universities also report- 
ed that “binge drinking” — which it defines as 
at least five drinks in one night — is the worst 
substance-abuse problem among college stu- 
dents. The report concluded that alcohol is 
implicated in most major campus problems, 
including rape, other violent crimes. AIDS 
transmission and academic difficulties. 

The commission was formed by Columbia 
University's Center on Addiction and Sub- 
stance Abuse to examine collegiate substance 
use and make recommendations to administra- 
tors, parents and students. Last year, the group 
urged campuses to ban smoking. 

The report rails on colleges to shift the “cam- 
pus culture away from accepting alcohol 

The commission also urged the federal gov- 
ernment to fund more research on prevention 
and treatment programs and require college 

crime reports to note whether substance abuse 
was a factor. 

The report, which compiled data from a wide 
range of national and regional studies, illus- 
trates what a U.S. Circuit Court judge, Pamela 
Ann Rymer. a commission member, called an 
epidemic. These were among the commission’s 

• About one-third of all male and female 
college students drink primarily to get drunk. 

• Among students under toe legal drinking 
age of 2 1 . 47 percent repotted binge drinking in 
the previous two weeks. Among students 21 
and over, toe rate fell to 35 percent 

• About 90 percent of campus rapes, 95 
percent of violent campus crime and 80 percent 
of campus vandalism are alcohol-related. 

• Students with “A" averages consumed an 
average 3.6 drinks a week, while those with “D” 
or failing grades averaged 10.6. A drink is one 
beer, four ounces of wine or one to IK ounces 
of liquor. 

• Sixty percent of college women diagnosed 
with a sexually transmitted disease reported 
being drunk at the time they likely were infect- 

• Forty-two percent of college students re- 
ported drinking heavily within the previous two 
weeks; the rate among their peers not in college 
was 33 percent. 

The report also round some groups of college 
students more at risk than others. White male 
students reported drinking the most, avera gin g 
nine drinks a week, followed by Latino men 
(5.8 drinks), white women (4.1 drinks), black 
men (3.6 drinks), and black women 1 1 drink). 

Perm Stale’s football coach, Joe Paterno. who 
was also a commission member, said he saw 
racial differences among athletes. “It’s mostly a 
white football player problem. ” be said- “May- 
be the black student-athlete is more focused.” 

College men still drink heavily more often 
than women, according to the report. About 54 
percent of men reported binge drinking in the 
previous two weeks, while 38 percent of women 
did. But Joseph CaUfano, president of (he cen- 
ter that sponsored the commission, wanted that 
toe statistics on the number of drinks consumed 
may understate the problem for women. 

“Alcohol has much more severe conse- 
quences for women.” he said, citing medical 
studies. “Women are quicker to get cirrhosis of 
toe liver and quicker to become addicted.” 

Most of toe statistics in the report were 
drawn from a Department of Education survey 
of 58,000 students at 78 universities. The infor- 
mation on motives Tor drinking comes from 
studies by a Harvard University researcher. 

Away From Politics 

• A 12-year-old girl completed her trans-Atlantic flight after taking 
her single-engine plane above the clouds to rid the wings of icc. “I 
always thought it would be real hard, and it was.” the girl. Vicki Van 
Meter, said at Glasgow Internationa] Airport. The sixth-grader, 
from Meadville. Pennsylvania, was accompanied by her flight in- 
structor. She believes she is the youngest girl to pilot a plane across 
toe Atlantic. 

• The executive director of the Leadership Conference on Civil 
Rights. Ralph Neas, will resign next spring from the position he has 
held for nearly 14 years. The conference, a coalition of 185 organiza- 
tions, is been the legislative arm of the civil-rights movement. 

• Allegations that the CIA shielded from prosecution a former Nazi 
officer accused of ordering the murder of 86 American prisoners of 
war in Bclgi urn in 1944 are "groundless and outrageous." the agency 
says. The accused man. General Wilhelm Mohnke. S3, retired, is 
living in western Germany is wanted by the United States. Britain 


AP. Reuters 

U.S. Urging Force 
Of 3,000 for Haiti 

By John M. Goshko 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON —-The Clinton 
administration is urging allies to 
pledge troops for a proposed 3,000- 
member peacekeeping force that 
would move into Haiti and keep 
order if democracy is restored, a 
U.S. special envoy, Wiliam Gray, . 

The force “should be ready to 
deploy once the current military 
leadership in Haiti has departed, 
Mr. Gray said during testimony 
before the House Foreign Affairs 

The peacekeepers tentatively 
would have a broader mission than 
in past agreements, which foresaw 
a contingent confined to 

tr aining toe Haitian armed fences 

after lie deposed dvflfen presi- 
dent, the Reverend Jean-Beriraafl 

Aristide; was returned to office. 

As to visioned by U& planners, 
ihe force’s rasam would unhide 
taking over some police duties, 
while a corruption-tee Hainan po- 
lice force was bong created. 

The force would protect Father 
Aristide, the members of his go*- 
enuneot, human-rights monitors 
and representatives of humanitar- 
ian aid organizations. It would also 
guard foreign embasses and such 
jnfrastrncture as roads and water 
systems from attack or sabotage ty 
supporters of the armed forces. 

The forte would consist of units 

from the United States and coun- 
tries in the Western Hemisphere 
and Europe. Its purpose, would « 
to prevent ananiy orovfl war if 
the international commun i t y suc- 
ceeds in fonang Haiti’s militaiy nd- 
as from power. 

That would pat American troops 
into a position re mi nisc en t of the 
(me encountered in S omak a. where 
attacks by hostile forces caused 
American deaths and fcd-to con- 
.«essk»al and public demands for- 
IJ^vritodrawaL Lawmakers have 

warned agmnst getting: mto.n mu- 

lar position in Haiti. '. 

The United States and France 
said they would contribute troops. 

Diplomats said U.S. lobbying at 
the annual meeting of foreign min- 
isters of the Organization of Ameri- 
can States, winch ended Tuesday in 
Brad, had won expressions of sup- 
port from several Western Hemi- 
sphere governments. 

The sources said, however, that 
countries were willing to take part 
in a peacekeeping operation only if 
Haiti’s mDiiary rulers gave up pow- 
er peacefully. President Bill Clin- 
ton has refused for the last month 
to rule out the posabilhy (>F a mili- 
tary intervention in Haiti, bu the 
Uni Led States has found virtually 
no s uppor t within the OAS for de- 
posing the Haitian military by 

(At a press briefing on Wednes- 
day, Deputy Secretary of State 
Strobe Talbott said toe administra- 
tion had not ruled out force but was 
more hopeful it could be avoided 
on toe bass of talks with its Latin 
American and Caribbean allies in 
recent days, Reutcre reported. 

(“Not only are we committed to 
whanging all political, diplomatic 
and instruments avail- 

able to us to achieve a peaceful 

multilater al solution to tins prob- 
lem," he said, “but as a result of 
whafs happened in recent days, we 
have an even higher degree of con- 
fidence that that is indeed possible 
mid it certainly is our hope."] 

For the moment, US. officials 
say they are counting on the near- 
total trade embargo imposed by the 
United Nations against Haiti on 
May 21 to force out the military. 
Earner. Banted sanctions proved 
ineffective against the Haitian 
armed forces, which: deposed Fa- 
ther Aristide in a September 1991 

Mr. Gray said sanctions should 
be given time to work. Bui he sug- 
gested no time limit and said adto- 
txmalsancQOBS fOGUsed against toe 
coup leaders and their supporters 
were hang considered. 


South Dakota Voters Unseat 
Incumh—it, but Others Win 

WASHINGTON — In what may be an 
early expression of anti-incumbent senti- 
ment, voters in South Dakota ousted Gover- 
nor Walter Milter, choosing a former gover- 
nor, William Janklow, in toe Republican 

But Mr. Miller was not an entrenched 
incumbent. He was lieutenant governor and 
inherited toe job last year when his predeces- 
sor, George S. Mickelson, was killed in a 
plane crash. 

Mr. Janklow wiD face Jim Beddow, toe 
former president of Dakota Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, in the November election. Mr. Bed- 
dow easily defeated two others for toe Demo- 
cratic nomination. 

Other incumbent governors fared better in 
primaries Tuesday. In Iowa, Teny E Bran- 
stad narrowly defeated a more moderate Re- 
publican, Representative Fred G randy, best 
known as a former actor on toe “Love Boat” 
television series. The governor will face slate 
Attorney General Bonnie Campbell who 
easOy won toe Democratic primary, defeating 
BTU Rdchardt, a former professional football 

i Alabama, James E Folsom Jr„ a Demo- 
crat, won toe right io seek a full term. Mr. 
Folsom was lieutenant governor last year 
when Governor Guy Hunt, a Republican, 
was removed from office because of a convic- 
tion on ethics charges. Mr. Folsom will face a 

Republican to be elected in a runoff on June 

In New Mexico. Governor Bruce King de- 
feated two challengers in toe Democratic 
primary. Also in New Mexico, Senator Jeff 
Bingaman. a Democrat, ran unopposed. He 
will face Colin McMillan, a former undersec- 
retary of defense in the Bush administration 
who overwhelmed two opponents to win the 
state’s Republican nomination. 

The races came on toe roosi crowded pri- 
mary day so far this year. In Montana, a 
former law school dean. Jack Mudd, won the 
Democratic Senate nomination to take on 
Senator Conrad Bums, who is considered one 
of toe most vulnerable incumbents this year. 
After a contentious race, Mr. Mudd defeated 
former Senator John Melcher, who was seek- 
ing to reclaim the seat he lost to Mr. Burns in 

Voters also chose two incumbent senators. 
Trent Lott of Mississippi and Frank R. Lau- 
tenberg of New Jersey, as nominees for sec- 
ond terms. [NYT) 

The Candidate Virginians 
Increasingly Love to Hate 

RICHMOND. Virginia — Oliver L. 
North’s popularity among Vireinia voters 
continued to slide even after he won the 
Republican nomination Tor toe Senate, ac- 
cording to an opinion survey made public 

In a telephone survey of 824 registered 
voters, 53 percent had an unfavorable view of 
Mr. North, 27 percent had a favorable view, 
and 20 percent were neutral. 

Two years ago, a similar poll by the same 
firm round 32 percent with an unfavorable 
view of Mr. North and 48 percent with a 
favorable view. His popularity has steadily 
dropped in the five polls conducted since 
then, with his unfavorable rating hitting 50 
percent in March. 

The incumbent. Charles S. Robb, a Demo- 
crat, was viewed unfavorably by 39 percent 
and favorably by 32 percent. He had a 37 
percent unfavorable rating in March. 

When he won Ins Senate seat in 1988. Mr. 
Robb had a 61 percent favorable rating, but 
he has been tarnished by admitted marital 
indiscretions and reports that he attended 
parties where drugs were used 

Mr. North, a former Marine officer and 
national security aide in toe Reagan adminis- 
tration. has been hurt by his role in toe Iran- 
contra scandal, and many prominent Repub- 
licans have refused to endorse him. His 
felony convictions related to toe Iran-comra 
affair were overturned on a technicality. (API 

Quote /Unquote 

President Bill Clinton, in an interview on 
French television: “You have to have a high 
pain threshold to be in politics in America 
today.” (AP) 

Detailing the Drug Trade of Aristide Foes 

By Howard W. French 

Nett York Tima Service 

Haiti’s military leaders have been 
working with Colombian cocaine 
traffickers for the last four years to 
help move hundreds or pounds of 
the drug each month from South 
and Central America to toe United 
States, American diplomats and 
other officials say. 

In their first detailed account of 
the rote of the Haitian armed Torres 
in international narcotics traffic, 
American officials said that much 
of Haiti's military leadership, in- 
cluding its commander, Lieutenant 
General Raoul C&dras, has been 
either actively involved with Co- 
lombian drug dealers or has turned 

a blind eye to their trafficking in 
cocaine, accepting payments for 
their cooperation. 

For months, U.S. officials have 
discounted reports of drug traffick- 
ing by senior Haitian officers, and 
some see toe sudden turnabout by 
the administration as an attempt to 
lay toe groundwork for a posable 
American invasion to restore toe 
exiled Haitian president, toe Re- 
verend Jean-Bertrand Aristide. 

The American officials are now 
saying that the Haitian officers are 
earning hundreds of thousands of 
dollars each month Tor allowing 
their country to be used as a trans- 
shipment center by toe main Co- 
lombian drug rings in Cali and Me- 

The officials who discussed toe 
role of Haitian army leaders said 
Lhat their information developed in 
recent months mainly because of 
toe cooperation from members of 
toe Haitian military itself. 

“These sources have been very 
specific about the dates, the sources 
and toe quantities of narcotics in- 
volved, and we have this first hand 
now." said an American official, 
who asked not to be identified. 
Asked whether the evidence 
against Haiti's military was suffi- 
ciently strong to take "legal action 
against them, the official said. “We 
are pretty dose." 

The disclosure of toe investiga- 
tion into Haiti's military comes 
three weeks after President Bill 
Clinton cited Haiti's involvement 

in the drug trade as one of several 
national security concerns that had 
convinced him" that international 
military action might be required 
to remove General Cedras and al- 
low the return of Father Aristide. 

As speculation has grown about 
a possible U-S.-led mUitaiy action 
to depose the country’s military 
leaders, members of toe Haitian 
high command have begun consul- 
tations recently with lawyers who 
represented Manuel Antonio Nor- 
iega. toe former Panamanian lead- 
er who is servi rig a 40-year sentence 
in a federal penitentiary. 

Mr. Noriega was accused by toe 
United States of involvement in 
international narcotics trafficking 
and money laundering. 



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age 4 




A Fresh Start for Clinton? 

The long D-Day weekend celebrating, unity 
Oipirrpose, comm emora ting individual acts erf 
Draray and recalling the eventual triumph of 
gwxl over evil lifted spirits on both sides of the 
Atlantic and allowed President Bill Clinton to 
Uoat. at least momentarily, above the foreign 
policy frustrations that have plagued his first 17 
nioaUis. If only today’s foreign polio' agenda 
lent itself to such clan tv and back-to-the-wall 
Heroism. But the challenges of 1994 arc Jess 
cataclysmic — and far more ambiguous — than 
those of 1944, And when the president tried, in 
his speech to the French National Assembly on 
Tuesday, to summon some of that D-Day spirit 
to address present European challenges, the 
exercise looked strained. 

The goals he articulated were worthy: ex- 
pand democracy, integrate the economies of 
Eastern and Western Europe, develop a system 
of cooperative security with the former Warsaw 
Pact, try to contain and calm the Bosnian 
conflict. But where the weekend's commemora- 
tive speeches rang with purpose and personal 
engagement, Tuesday's policy address had all 
the passion (rf a political science text. 

Yet Mr. Clinton still has a rare chance to 
refocus his administration's foreign policy, 
clarifying America's role in the world and 
improving day-to-day execution. The presi- 
dent's careful preparations for this trip and 
his immersion in recent European history 
have given him new confidence in foreign 
affairs and perhaps a new appreciation of its 
significance for his presidency. And his cred- 
itable performance has won respect at home 
and abroad. It is a valuable moment in his 
presidency - , a chance for a fresh foreign poli- 
cy start. He should make the most of it. 

One lesson the president seems to have 
learned recently is that a big power like the 
United States cannot easily abstain from ma- 
jor global crises. Given America’s global en- 
gagement during the half-century from Pearl 
Harbor to the collapse of the Soviet Union. 

even a decision not to intervene in a place like 
Bosnia becomes a form of intervention. 

Yet Mr. Clinton has always understood 
that Washington cannot continue to assume 
all the global responsibilities that came with 
the Cold War. Rightly, he wants his presiden- 
cy to be known for its domestic accomplish- 
ments. Belatedly, he is coming to understand 
that a reputation for foreign policy feddess- 
ness can undermine domestic credibility. 

Mr. Clinton's biggest problem has been the 
unresolved conflict between a globalist rhe- 
torical agenda that seems to invite U.S. in- 
volvement everywhere and day-to-day deci- 
sion-making that seems to permit it nowhere. 
Compounding this has been the president's 
reluctance to appear personally engaged in his 

own a dmini stration's foreign policy. 

Mr. Clinton succeeded. so well in Europe 
this week because he finally did step into the 
role of national leader and commander in 
chief. He needs to build on that success by 
speaking out more often and more effectively 
on foreign policy issues, abandoning academ- 
ic abstractions for the kind of strong personal 
imagery he used in the cemeteries and battle 
sites of Europe. And he needs lo dose the gap 
between rhetoric and practice by making nrm 
choices among competing priorities. 

In an era of reduced danger, no abstract set 
of rules can determine when the United States 
should involve its forces in a foreign crisis. 
Washington should not try to manage the 
world. It should be dear about the differences 
between localized crises, however intense, and 
strategic challenges, like the future of Russia, 
China and Mexico. It should mainly look out 
for American interests, including the defense of 
allies and the promotion of American values. 

Presidents rarely get the chance to change 
course in foreign policy without a disastrous 
toss or credibility. Mr. Clinton has such 
a chance now. 


The Voices of Europe 

The European Parliament has bad luck 
with the timing of its elections. The last one. 
in June 1989. took place just as communism 
was starting to collapse in Eastern Europe, 
and before West Europeans could grasp 
what thaL collapse meant for them. It 
meant, they can now see. the possibility of a 
wider, eastward-reaching European Union: 
the certainty of a stronger Germany; and 
therefore fresh complications in the build- 
ing of Europe's institutions. 

The new election — on Thursday in four 
countries, on Sunday in the other eight — 
takes place just as the opinion polls show 
that a solid majority of the Union’s people 
have now drawn their conclusions from the 
events of 1989. They want a wider Union. 
They do not yet want a federal Europe. And 
meanwhile they are alarmed by the fact that 
Europe's unemployment next year is pre- 
dicted to be proportionately twice as big as 
America's, and four times as big as Japan's. 
Will the new Parliament’s politicians reflect 
the people’s concerns? 

The answer is blurrier than it ought to be 
because these are in fact 12 almost separate 
elections, each driven chiefly by national 
events. The Socialist group in the new Par- 
liament may be bigger than it was in the old 
one because Socialists are locally more pop- 
ular now in Britain, Germany and two or 
three other countries than they were in 
1989. The Christian Democrats will suffer 
from the near-obliteration by scandal of 
their Italian contingent. And so on. Despite 
that here are three ways of judging wbat the 
next few days’ voting will mean. 

On the tighter-or-looser-Europe ques- 
tion. things are complicated by the fact that 
the Christian Democrats, the Socialists and 
the Liberal group in the Parliament are 
already committed to further integration. 
Between them, they are sure to dominate 
the new Parliament. That points to a clash 
between politicians and the man in the 
slreeL until minds change on one side or the 
other. So it is desirable that the respectable 

voice of anti-cent raliza tion — such as 
Manfred Brunner’s party in Germany, John 
Major’s son of British Conservative, and 
their French equivalents — should win a 
place in the ParliamenL Otherwise the anti- 
tightening argument will be left to the harsh 
cries of neonationalists. 

On the wider-Europe issue, the vote that 
matters is less the parliamentary election 
than Sunday's simultaneous referendum in 
Austria on joining the Union. A lot of 
Austrians, worried about losing their identi- 
ty in a centralized Europe, are suddenly 
wondering whether they should stay out. 

If Austria votes “no,” that will make 
Sweden and Norway — maybe even Fin- 
land — likelier to do the same in their 
referendums later in the year. And that 
could scotch the hope of bringing in the 
Poles, Czechs and Hungarians. In Paris on 
Tuesday, President Bill Clinton urged the 
Union to open its doors to the east To that 
end. hope for a “yes" from Austria, but one 
small enough to show Austrian worries. 

On the unemployment front the impor- 
tant thing is that Europe should not make 
its labor market even more rigid than it is. 
and its welfare system even more hostile to 
the creation of jobs. The Organization for 
Economic Cooperation and Development 
reported this week that those are two of the 
main reasons why Europe’s jobless problem 
is so much worse than America's or Japan's. 

No major party in the European Parlia- 
ment is guiltless on this score. But it may 
be better if the expected success of the 
Socialists, the chief defenders of Europe’s 
present labor policies, does not bring them 
an absolute majority. 

Two years from now, the governments 
of the European Union assemble to in- 
spect its future. The European ParliamenL 
strengthened by the Maastricht treaty, will 
help to shape their judgmenL Let the Par- 
liament be sure that what it says is what 
the people of Europe wanL 


Unemployment in the United Stales has 
now fallen into the range that the Ginton 
administration expected to reach only in 1996. 
Over the past year the number of jobs has 
risen 3.7 million, as much as in the previous 
five years together. At last the recovery from 
the 1990-91 recession has produced the long- 
delayed lift in employment. Bui the sharp 
drop in the unemployment rale this spring is 
also strong evidence that the Federal Reserve 
Board was right lo be concerned about future 
inflation and right to slow the economy down. 

The figures for May show Lhat the brakes are 
beginning to lake effect But they also show 
that there is not much slack left in the labor 
market The survey of households reported an 
unemployment rate of 6 percent last month, 
down from 6.9 percent a year earlier. No one 
knows precisely at what point the demand for 
labor begins to make inflation accelerate up- 
ward. but most students of the subject estimate 

that it happens when unemployment falls be- 
tween 5.5 and 6 percent The economy has 
entered a zone where caution is well justified. 

Some economists argue lhat because of de- 
mographic changes — fewer young people en- 
tering the labor force, a higher proportion of 
experienced workers — the danger point has 
sunk well bdow 55 percent unemployed Re- 
cent experience argues otherwise. In 1989 the 
rate dropped to 5.3 percent. By mid- 1 990 infla- 
tion was rising rapidly, the Fed bad raised 
interest rates in an effort to stop it and the 
country was sliding into a painful recession. 

A 6 percent unemployment rate means near- 
ly 8 million people looking for jobs. The only- 
safe way to get those n umb ers lower is through 
better education and job training. But it is hard 
not to look back nostalgically to a generation 
ago, when inflation remained stable with un- 
employment rates around 4 percent. 

— the Washington post. 

j International Herald Tribune 




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To Step to the Brink 

By Gerald Segal 



Woolly Thinking Won't Help Bosnia 

W ASHINGTON — America’s 
politicians seem determined to 
underestimate the force of national- 
ism in the Balkans once again. They 
risk disaster in Bosnia by rushing 
past the obvious. 

At each turning point in the wars 
of Yugoslav succession . senior U.S. 
policymakers have assumed that rea- 
sonable outcomes could be engi- 
neered by appealing to the self-inter- 
est and rationality of the combatants. 
With America's own politics long 
since secularized, they failed to grasp 
why the ex -Yugoslavs would start or 
continue the bloodletting and atroc- 
ities that have horrified the world. 

The failure is a bipartisan one. The 
Bush administration frittered away 
the last chances to exert U-S. power 
to rein in Serbia’s blood Iusl The 
assumption in the State Department 
that Yugoslavia would not break up 
in bloody fashion prevailed. 

The Clinton administration at least 
has sought to bring the wars it inherit- 
ed to a close. But Washington has now 
embarked on a diplomatic strategy 
that fails again to measure the forces it 

confronts. Its strategy dries involving 
America more deeply either in a far 
bloodier war a - in trying to enforce an 
illusory and perhaps unjust peace. 

The Croalia-Bosnia alliance, ex- 
pressed in the form of a confedera- 
tion brokered by the Clinton admin- 
istration three months ago, is seen by 
Creations and the Bosnian Muslim- 
dooinaied government as a vehicle 
for more war to recover territory 
seized by the Serbs, not as a diplo- 
matic vehicle for a peace settlement 

Among Republicans in Congress 
there is an effort to seize the moral 
high ground by trying to mandate a 

Bj Jim Hoagland 

unilateral breaking of the arms embar- 
go against Bosnia. But Senator Bob 
Dole and others underestimate the 
consequences of that step and the 
heavy responsibility it wOJ impose on 
America for the fate of the Bosnian 
government and of Croatia. 

Washington's response is a classic 
American misunderstandjng of the 
force of nationalism and the willing- 
ness of small countries to pursue their 
own goals, at whatever cost, when 
those goals conflict with the good 
intentions and rational assumptions 
of outside powers wanting to help. 

A sign of the understanding gap 
cans in late May. The Croatian gov- 
ernment of President Frargb Tndjman 
announced ii»i it would issue bank- 
notes called the kuna to replace the 
Yugoslav dinar. The kuna has been 
used by Croatia once before: under 
the fascist Ustashe gove rnmen t that 
condoned massacres of Croatian Serbs 
and Jews in World War U. 

This a foolish, flagrant provoca- 
tion to the Serbs. It is not the act of a 
government ready to come to terms 
with its enemies. 

It is hard to imagine Croatia ac- 
cepting an end to the war that leaves 
the Serbs with the 25 percent of Cro- 
atia they have seized. If American 
diplomacy and the confederation can 
get those lands back. Mr. Tudjman 
will go along. If not Croatia will 
resume war and expect American 
military help in return for having 
cooperated on the confederation. 

Unilaterally lifting the embargo 
against Bosnia will have little mean- 
ing unless the United States is ready 

Days of Common Purpose 
And of Courage Under fire 

By William Pfaff 

P ARIS — I wish that Cornelius 
Ryan, author of “The Longest 
Day” and a friend of mine, had lived 
to see Monday's ceremonies on the 
Normandy beaches. The title of his 
1959 account of the landings has 
become universal shorthand for the 
day that decided the outcome of 
the war in Europe. 

The enormous television and press 
coverage of Monday’s ceremonies for 
once enhanced an event rather than 
bloating it. The coverage had the un- 
expected result of recalling to an older 
generation, and revealing to a younger 
one. wbat prodigies people are capable 
of when they won: for a common 
purpose, deeply feiL 
A son of a friend of mine said to his 
father. “But if we could put 200,000 
men ashore in one day. against that 
resistance, why can't we do something 
about Bosnia?’ There were 1 1,000 Al- 
lied casualties in that one day, on those 

four beaches. Why are people now so 
fearful erf risks, of casualties — and of 
responsibility for shaping events? 

The carnage of the Normandy 
beaches and of what followed, and the 
equivalent honors of the Pacific cam- 
paigns. did not leave the .Allied powers 
spent, or deprive diem of ineir capaci- 
ty to meet costly responsibilities. They 
willingly went 'to war in Korea five 
years after the world war ended. 

For Americans. Vietnam was. of 
course, the great turning point From 
the start the public lacked commit- 
ment to the political cause in Vietnam. 
That is why the governments erf the 
period escalated in secret and lied to 
the public about the extent of the war 
and the progress being made. This in 
turn rebounded when the public with- 
drew its trust from its leaders . 

But while Vietnam can explain a 
faltering of the American govern- 
ment’s win. it does not explain a re- 
treat from responsibility that today 
takes individual as well as public 
forms. Individuals plead dial dir,- are 
not accountable for their lives because 
their upbringing was flawed, their par- 
ents inadequate or abusive, or because 
their color or sex invites discrimmation. 

The public form this takes is a diffu- 
sion erf responsibility through so many 
bureaucratic layers 'that it disappears. 
It is actually a denial of rcspopsbtiity 
for a president or other high orT’dal to 
say “1 am responsible" when an .Amer- 
ican helicopter is brought down by 
friendly fire or a UA warship shoots 
down a civilian airliner. Attorney 
General Janet Reno said she was re- 
sponsible for the causrophe that end- 
ed the siege of cui lists in Waco. Texas.' 
last year. Did >he no: make her deci- 
sion on the recommendation of experi- 
enced law officers 0 Are captains erf 
U.S. ships, or commanders of ief an in- 
formations. no longer accountable? ' 

The example erf the Normandy 
beadies is of responsbfiiry individual- 
ly as well as afflectiveiy assumed, in 
the face of honor. Omaha was the 
worst of the beaches, the water red 
with blood, the landings obstructed by 
the floating American dead. The 
troops following ran over them, which 
was the worst of the horror. TheL- 
conunanders said “Go! Go! Get be- 

yond the beach or <fie. r They went, 
although it was a near thing. Their 
predecessors at Anzio, in January, had 
not gotten off the beach. They had a 
cautious commander. They were 
pinned there and did not break out 
until four months later. Bui tbeir com- 
mander was relieved and replaced. 

The response to irresponsibility is 
recognition that you do not live forev- 
er. Americans today do not like that 
idea. But understanding it is crucial to 
how you conduct the life you have. 
One of the Ranger veterans at the 
Fointe du Hoc said Monday that when 
he first saw those cliffs, he thought he 
could only die there, so be would have 
to give a good account of himself. 

Cornelius Ryan told of a comman- 
do officer off Juno, the Canadians’ 
beach, who. when the landing craft 
came under fire and everyone else 
took cover, walked up and down on 
(be foredeck with his stick under his 
arm. “I thought it was the thing to 
do,” he said afterward. What today 
has been lest is a grasp of the fact that 
we can do nothing about dying — or 
living — except to do it wdL 
Iniemotxooal Herald Tribune. 

£ Las Angeles Tunes Syndicate. 

W ASHINGTON — So far. rood 
supplies have not, as Mai thus 
predicted j 00 years ago, been overtak- 
en by human numbers. Science has 
provided the means to more than keep 
pace. Nutrition in the developing 
work! has improved, life expectancy 
has grown, and infant mortality has 
been cut in half. 

Yet there is no reason to be confi- 
dent that Malthas was wrong in more 
than his timing. Already, 700 million 
people are malnourished, and an ap- 
pamng 40.000 die every day of hunger 
and hunger-related diseases. There is 
unmistakable evidence of overstress in 
land and water. And. despite falling 
birthrates, the world is about to expe- 
rience growth on an unprecedented 
scale: 3 billion more people in 30 years 
— one India each decade. 

The transitory success of the 
“Green Revolution” misled govern- 
ments. many experts now say, into 
dangerous complacency about future 
food supplies. These experts warn 
that, absent an urgent effort, the 
trend of a steadily imp roving human 
condition could turn sharply down- 
ward in the coming decades. 

Although global agriculture far out- 
stripped population growth (now 41 
1.7 percent pa year) m the ’60s and 
70s, production per postn suddenly 
slopped growing in the mid-’SOs. Sta- 
tistically, it is too soon to teS whether 

the enne is fiat or heading downward. 
But growth rates in the yields of major 
crops have fallen sharply in key re- 

g ioos. In China, for exanipfe,'*1iKb b 
y far the largest rice prod uc e r , pro- 

to provide arms to the Bosnians and 
through them to Croatia. That is a 
recipe for a significant expansion of 
bloodletting and “ethnic deansing” 
throughout the Balkans. 

To ins credit. Secretary erf Stare 
Warren Christopher recently warned 
a gainst a nnflfll a-al lifting of the arms 

Thebdief persists that 
reasonable outcomes 
can be engineered by 
appealing to rationality. 

embargo, which he said “would thrust 
us "**<> the middle of the situation." 

It is passible to construct an Amer- 
ican strategy around a policy of open 
military support for Bosnian and 
Croatian war aims. But 1 do not bear 
Warren Christopher; Bob Dole or 
others arguing for such an expansion 
of the war and of American responsi- 
bility. What I hear instead from the 
leading politicians in both U.S. polit- 
ical parties is the enunciation of 
woody hopes that a little wdHnten- 
tioned American involvement will 
avoid having to make truly hard 
choices about war and peace. That 
approach did not work m Vietnam, 
ana it will not work in Bosnia. 

There are no good options in Bos- 
nia now. But the first step has to be a 
reassessment by Americans of the na- 
tionalist forces at play in the Balir«nc 
and an acceptance of the need to 
make hard choices now. 

The Washington Pan. 

S EOUL— As the West, supported 
by South Roes and Japan, edges 
toward imposing economic sanctions 
oii North Korea, there is deep eonfu- 
: aoo about whai th^ would be intend-. 

. ed to adueve. Some see sanctions as a> 
punishment for the North’s violations 
of its obligations as a signatory of the 
treaty to stop the spread of andem- 
weapons? But 'an economic embargo _ 
will nave little immediateingncLand, 
it w3I not undo the damage that baf 

There is no® no 

. national Atomic Erwgy. Ageucy caH 
■be sure lhat the regime of Kjm II Sung 
has not di verted material ferraaking 
nuclear weapons: Era tf NbrthKorea 
behaves vw£ in futnre, there T waIl id- 
ways be reason to worry that it has a 
secret nudear arsenal. . ' . . 

„ And the failure erf the mtemationfll 
community to prevent the North from 
breaching its obfigatibris will be Bilal 
to efforts to preserve the NudcarNbn- 
prptiferatxB) Treaty, wen in its pre- 
sent partially effective fann- V . . 

; If the strategy of nsing saivctiooa as 
punishment is- bankrupt, thm .only. 
tougher steps staikL aoy bopc crf suc- 
cess. Having failed to deter North . 
"Korea from floating the treaty, ecm- 
caned countries must now compel 
. it id cooperate. 

- There should be no farther hesita- 
tion. The slower the United States 
and like-minded nations move to a 
tougher strategy, the more time ' 
North Korea has to convert its nucle- 
ar know-how mto weapons, including 
warheads for the- mereangfar- long- 
range. ballistic. rcrittrili-s that Pyong- 
yang is developing. 

There was virtue in gotog daw wten 
the focus was on finding a peaceful 
solution. That strategy has fatittl. And 
failure to pursue a course of compul- 
aon will make future efforts &i deter- 
rence by the international community . 
far more difficult. Rogre stat&s wifi 
know that defiance pays. 

The immediate objection .to using' 
sanctions to force North Korea to 
dismantle its mid ear program is that 
it en talk a serious riu of annedxbQr 
flio. if not full-scale war. 

BUt a policy that avoidssuch risks 
is hollow. The. stakes in Korea are 
higher than were the stakes following 
the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait The 
credibility of the Cfinton administra- 
tion's foreign policy is on the line. 

The stakesare also highfor North- 
east Aria. For now, China remains 
reluctant to back any farm of sanc- 
tions against Pyongyang. 

Japan, however, may reassess its 

policy of forawearing nedear ***?' 
HNprthK£inaisp«^«^ 10 

emerge as a audear-anned • • 
out with one or several factions bav 

•ing coniroLof ntfdear weapons. 

^The West mid ito Northeast Asian 
allies must be more open about uk 
risks oTanried conflict Western de- 
, nKxaades sfaould not contemplate 
the possibility of ^ wthout ade- 

South Korea and Japan for a weak 
response to North" Korea. But the 
msmxpnfuswB in Western policy to- 
day- is coming from President Bui 
■Clinton, who has been loath to lead as 


paign to expdtiK Iraqis from Kuwait. 

fight mp 'ffnrpts prior around the 
Korean peninsula. American troops in 
South Karra; weB trained and pre- 
pared for combat, will be called on to 
enforce any blockade of the Nortbj 
They will- also have to help defend 
South Korea and Japan from any 
. North Rorean retaliation. As a first 
step, the United States should help 
strengthen thriair defense systems of 
both these coontriEs naan assurance to 
their civilian pcpnlatinns. : 

Pyongyang, despate jts beffigerant 
rhetoric, is _ unli kdy^to ^ respond • to. 

ismorelikdy to launch terrorist mis- 
sions and possjbiy rockets at the 

South. Mr. Kim, like Saddam Hds- 
sem* will calculate that “soft" democ- 
racies have do stomach for a fight. He . 
•:imisl-be proved ^ ^ wrong, .. ■ •, 

Western sanctions, including a 
blockade of North Kreea; may not 
brktfi, the Kin regime to its knees. . 
Neither is the notion. of ; a mititary 
strike against the North’s nuclear fa- 
cilities tikdy to be very dfectiyei 
\ However. toogh economic sanctions . 
aiMia mi ^^blo^gdewmdd^^- . 

inherent in the North Korean syrtari 
An int ernal stfoggle for power- would 
then be more occur, - 
Only with thefafiof the Kim regime 
is there any real prospect formead to 

An in ternal struggle fbrpower would 

then be more Kk^.-tb ocoff. 

Only with thefa&of the Kim regime 
is there any real prospect foran end tc 
the. crisis .triggered by. its <^aridwttine 
program to acqnrre nudnr weapons. 

The writer is a senior. feUmv aithe 
International Institute fir - Strategic 
Studies at laidon and-tdUar.-of Tkt 
Pacific Seth eaL He contributed da* 
common to the Herald Tribune. 

... .. .. -- if rr.-rl:- r,V 

By Herman Wonk 

W ASHINGTON — It belongs not with the peat 
mihtaiy memories of American history like Get- 
rysburg and Valley Forge, but with Agincquit and 
Sal amis. The age that produced this astounding work 
of wannakxng has passed. It was a brief time, an 
intersection of politics mi the grand scale with fast- 
developing marvels of science and technology, which 
gave monstrous regimes the Wherewithal to challenge, 
the world system, and almost to hijack iL 
Sevai years before Hitler invaded Poland, Sir James 
Chadwick discovered the neutron. Only 12 years earli- 
er, Charles Lindbergh flew the Atlantic. The petroleum 
engine was less than a century old when panzers went 
knifing through Poland and Russia. 

Four and a nalfyears after the start of Tfitiar’s assault 
on civilization, mn the first global war was flaring 
through 360 [degrees of longitude and from the Arctic to 
the Antarctic, the United Stales with -its aides Britain,*' 
Canada and others launched the gigantic seaborne as- 
sault on Europe lhat we remember as D-Day. We tend to 
forget what a near thing it was. If Field Man&al Ram- 
mer had not received misleading weather reports on June 
5, and Hitkr had not retained command of the panzer . 
divisions ai Berchte^aden, the outcome might weflluve 
beat what General Ebeobowa prqxared for, by writing 
his foreboding communique about the failure of (he 
landing, the withdrawal erf die troops, and his accep- 
tance of fall jesponsbffiry for the c arasuop he. 

Nothing tike D-Day wffl happen again not because 

Malting war oa thatgrand scale is obsole^^^does 
not mean in the least that war is finished. The day’s 
headlines tdl us otherwise. We seem to be at the death of 

one ageand thebirth of another.Cter Httk riotx-has as 
yet barely been explored; tire poles were fust reached 
about the- time I was bora; and ancient disputes and . : 
hatred of centuries me a global hqilagfc ' 

. ■ We Americans arc in a mood of setf-dotibLinof .to • 
say self-detestation, these days. That national- mood 
comes and goes, as tire foifillmeiitrif tbeirimple dreams : ' 
for which the United JStates was created continues to 
- dude us, for all our stunning progress and oiir imdis- - . 
{rated lead e rship in world anam. It is goad to. remem- . . 
berthat we were capable of an effort lQreOyeiioriL It is 
good to xememba, too, that the D-Day invarioa was 
only one jaw of. the nutcracker forged fay: Franklin 
Roosevelt at Tehran; the other jaw. a colossal coon ter- ' 
attack by the Russians in the east ern Juire22. R was the - 
dosing of those jaws that crushed onpe and for all the 
criminal regime menacing the earth. 

“Nations are cold monsters,” said Charles de - 
Gaulle. It is the distinction, and to some sofaa thinkers 
the weakness, of. toe United States; tot its foreign 

I»saf wholly on'atif-interesLtingcd wdthgenume’ mo- 
rality that makes a cry of hypocrisy all too easy. 

But ft is well for the workf that, such as it is. America 

this be sa while the new. ags, strides to be borm 
Because with all its deep, deep flaws, the United States 
remains the last best hqpeJbr toe wodd where war ai las 
fades away, a forgotten primitive human practice like 
dueling and human sacrifice; and where the tale of 15- 
Day wul truly be cine with Agjnmmt'anri Salantfs 

r Ur. Wouk’s books on World War II. include "The 
Winds of War" and ‘"War and R emaidvun ce . " He con- 
tributed this comment to The Washington Post. 


By Jessica Mathews 

the best brigation rites are in use. 
More fertilizer mil provide some in- 
crease, but in lire major growing areas 
its use is already at optimal levels. At 
the same time, the natural productivi- 
ty of the land is falling. 

Agricultural production wfll need to 
be tripled in the next half-century to 
keep up with population growth, alle- 
viate extreme malnourismneat and 
meet the rising demand for meat The 
only way todo this is K? sharply raise 
yields through research on im p roved 
crops and fanning methods drat wffl 
allow far marc intensive production 
with far less environmental loss. . 

The work can only be dotw through 
an international, publidy funded ef- 
fort. located in the developing world. 
Happily, such a system exists — a. 
network of 18 research centers estab- 
lished in 1972 that go by the memora- 
ble acronym of CGfAR. Tbeir eariy 
projects, new varieties of rice and 
wheat, have provided food for more 
than 1 billion people. Unhappily, the 

not fall until after death rates fall). 
And nothing is as sore a spur to. 
ethnic hatred, splintering societies 
and sweUing tides of refugees, as 
conmetition tor a shrinking supply of 
food, wafer arid workable tana. 

The verdict oa Malthas will have 
to stay out for son* years yeL Most 

S , the outcome wffl depend not so 
on whether mankind Juis the 

technical cqraaty to feed itself as 
whether item muster (he forerighi 
arid the requisite ootiticaj ^ilL Early 

indicators to watch will be the results 
of this faff's Population S ummi t in 

The Miteris a senior fellow at the 
■ Council ' ai* . Foreign Relations. She 
contributed tkb : comment- to The 
Washington Post .: . 


1894s iBlokrautfreikdi 

iaiy of War. n 
into tire Federai 
second brigades 

an international, pubhely funded ef- PARIS— M. Jules Lemaltra, one of taiy oMli 
fort, located in the developing world, toe most distinguished men^ trf letters intothe F 
a ^f 01 in France, in addraang an assembly second W 

network of 18 research centers estab- of students yesterday /June 81 made Hie War 
tidied in 1972 that mfy the manors- some remarks on totaWiorc He said telegraph 
Ue acronym of CGfAR. Thor eariy that it has but a small placginFrench. effleomm 
project new varwtes of rice and daily life. Where, indeed, ia intder^ asking fra 
wheat, have provided food for mwe anccnot to be found? ft Eteramrethe 
than 1 billion people. Unhraipity. (he y0ung ^ imoiaram of the bW;, in 1944: ^ 
qfstan o now m cnas. The takers pdjtks one party is iotoleranf of an- 1 _ t lM " ’ 
have lost a third (rf tbar researches ■ ^ier in pfafioKiphy and iniKedc®y 5UPREh 
since 1989, and 20 percent of toar inurfaaiice^ "everywhere prevail^ In Affied; E 
funding in the- last two years atone, short, according to M. Lenmltrti etf-- 
Their ahflity to recruh top talent s in cry Frenchman refemWes that “de- 

AndaB to because d a, iightful Vofaaire, who said somany stemaknt, 
shortfall of S50 mabon a year, su- : fas toito about tdlerafion^ Vet »lagm 
thousandths of one percent of wertd- - Tsmted to send everyrato who^dS- -Gtraand 
mgaty spending. ; , 1 fcred from him to the Bastilk.^ SS^L 41 ! 1 

The case for an amply and wcurriy 
funded program is overwhelming. 

Few investments produce- compart : 

* st «« ; that he call 
the first and 
the Texas cavalry 



Tne War Departiuent tmmediatav 
tdegrapbed to MajoMJeaeral Cab- 
dL'co mmanrirop the border district, 
a s king fra Ins views on the request 

Forces -I 

[From cairNcw York edmon.-l AHi«! 

Rrfces'm . the Normandy 

1919s lii^WeatBafder 

feat agttot demons of ai 

(t was stated offi- 
at mu haght tonight Done 81 

reserve into action 
line to the 

annually in the I970sjn the 1980s, toe 
figurewas L6 percent: ' . : 

Neariy all of the srataHe land and 

Me econ w ni c rates of retum. Iahu- ... NEW Y ORK.~ IXsiaring. to, have bear severe hut 

man. terms, everything begius with Mexican situation Tatomy' counter-artArU 

adeq ua te nulritirai: bearth. the ca- lai^aTorce df. troops ’ 

paaty to leant, toe capaaty to wwk . to to profeef r mdicated ^at all 

and dedining fertility rates i which do ’Americans, have beeti rqnilsed - - 

Investigators Sometimes 
Need Help Getting Started 



Page 5 

- ■ 


. 6fe- 

: *; 


■; '•••- f"i% 


— : !^k' 



NlVa • ’ C 

. vkk- 


" . • 


_■ ‘-Mu 


TJNTON. North Dakota — ~| n vid> 


^XT^^r andds " hm - 

, cloud no bigrnta 

m <** p5ii«al 
°P>™«I by iheHouie 
sjte“““ vis ™ exposed as a 
coecjc-kumg center, providing inieresi- 

fr-xloans ,o paksmminSiS^ 

Though high-class media pl^ ed dmn. 

Muckrakers mark success 
not merely in convictions 
obtained but in 
wrongdoing made 

costly and future 
predations averted. 

By William Satire 

•- 1 

the stoty because no public funds were 
mvolv ed. Ia.e mgh.Wshow ho1« 

1)131 would re»nate with 
£132*“™® '? lcr fur V ^ fanned 
forced the previously complacent speaker 
to close down the corrupted facility 
But the little cloud was seeded with 
suspictoiL A source told me that the 
House sergeam-at-arms. a casher of 
mysterious checks, was the protege of 
a powerful committee chairman. 

Absent hard evidence, unable to 
force suspects to talk, what’s a poor 
muckraker to do? I trusted my source une 

s P™bic in a government pdiCT 
pnm: Why hasn’t the sergeam-at- H, ^ - ' 

nrmc k«M ri» 4 <l n _ , . J * 

I t is usually denounced as invidious 
1 detrimental to reputation".} by both 
the fair-minded and the culpable. Bert 
L* 11 ™ lo say. "There's more 
muck-rakers around these days than 
muck-makers. ' And many times, inves- 
tigations stimulated by muckrakers fail 
fo reach the level of prosecution. 

But even those can serve a purpose. 
Another example: When press reports 
appeared m the 1992 campaign that the 
passport files of Bill Clinton and his 
mother were searched by State Depart- 
ment political appointees looking Tor 
dirt, the furor caused the appointment 
of independent counsel. 

In a couple of months. Joseph di- 
Genova’s grand jury is likely to con- 
clude that the search of the files was not 
unlawful, but the perpetrator or the 
crime of disclosing ihdr contents could 
not be found. No indictments will he 
handed up. but a public report will be 
issued about this abuse of power sure to 
taint the record of former Secretary nf 
Slate James Baker and his closest aides. 
As a result, no future secretary is likely 
to run the risk of letting hench women 
do political dirty work soon again; the 
cost of the investigation was public 
money well spent. 

Curiously, raking this Passport Of- 
fice muck turned up vet another inva- 
sion of privacy: It became known that 
evidence was tainted by the illicit 
eavesdropping on calls made through 
the State Department's communica- 
tions center. In this space and else- 
where. demands were promptly made 
to find and punish Lhe snoops who — 
with no warrant — secretly listened in 
on calls made by private citizens. 

The Justice Department has quietly 
closed that investigation into these 
overhears” on lhe dubious grounds 
that the wrongdoing had become so rou- 
tine for so long that it amounted to 

And Now for a News Flash: 
Something Good Happened 

By Richard Harwood 

yy bring-, a copy of William Ben- 
nett s JaieM ‘*Inde\ of Leading Cultural 
Indicators. It is bad news. 

\ iolent crimes in America are up more 
Than 500 percent since I960. Criminals 
pay a peuv price for their misdeeds. The 
average "ei peeled punishment" for mur- 
der is 1 S yean, of hard time. tiu dav> fin- 
rape. 6.4 days for aggravated assault. The 
number of children living off welfare 



arms been fired? . . . Becausehe is un- 
der the protecuon of Representative 
Dan Rostenkowski of Illinois. " 

I like to think that this and a subse- 
quent jab at “Rosty’s protige” helped 
awaken official investigators. Last Oc- 
tober, Jack Russ, whose mentor could 
no longer protect him, pleaded guilty to 
embezzling 575,000 and concealing 
from Congress $221 .000 in check-cash- 
ing chicanery. He is now in jail. Did he 
implicate his patron in copping a plea, 
or did be take the rap? We will find out 
at Mr. Rostenkowslu's trial. 

The point is that muckraking — 
which ranges from speculative suspi- 
cion about public figures to detailed 
exposes by teams of investigative re- 
porters —often contributes to the con- 
tinuous cleansing of Augean stables. 


- iowever, even this Reno nonfeasance 
could have its positive effect: Individ- 
uals eavesdropped upon in the past who 
file civil suits may be able to force Jus- 
tice to disgorge evidence about the spe- 
cific invasion of their privacy. 

And today, officials at Stale's Commu- 
nications Center politdy ask callers be- 
forehand if they want the call “moni- 
tored.” We invidiots mark success in 
srandal-mongering not merely in convic- 
tions obtained but in wrongdoing made 
costly and future predations averted. 

Bunyan’s “man with the muckrake.” 
gaze fixed downward, missed seeing the 
celestial crown in the sky. Such is the 
chance progressive pilgrims take in air- 
ing suspicions and probing probers to 
probe, but sometimes there's gold in 
that lhar muck. 

The New York rimes. 

Central Europe's Future 

Regarding “Sifting Through the Pasts 
in Search of an Identity" (Opinion. Mar 
25) by William Pfaff: 

Mr. Pfaff writes that the Czech prime 
minister, Vaclav Klaus, fears that Euro- 
pean Union may introduce a milder form 
of the “aggressive socialism" his citizens 
knew before 1989. Cenainiv Mr. Klaus, 
an admirer of Margaret Thatcher, mil 
defend Czech sovereignty in negotiations 
with the European Union, to ward that 
off- But it is odd that Mr. Pfaff should 
then write that Central European “Eunt- 
skeptics" like Mr. Klaus “** the future of 
their countries in terms of the past." 

Mr. Klaus and others like him fear 
any return to the social stagnation they 
knew first-hand less than five years 
ago. The builders of a pan-European 
political order, on the other hand, ar- 
gue that their work i» the best wav to 
prevent the sort of rampant national- 
ism that led to World War If. 

Who is really living in the past? 


Ljubljana. Slovenia. 


that, if such charges a:-.- not sustained, 
the accuser should receive a mandatory 
jail sentence, in addition ;<• anv financial 
penalties? This might provide a better 
deterrent to irresponsible fortune-hunt- 
ers than the present s\>tcm. •* beret* 
fines and costs can usually be more than 
recovered from the media. 


San Pedro de Alcantara. Spain. 

Don't you just low America? In no 
other country could you huv the upe-. of 
conversations between the president and 

a woman who aHegcs that they had an Slip Deeper Into Bosnia? 

affair ( Genmfer Want-. You to Listen _ ‘ 

In. May 25). Can you imagine anvone 
selling such a recording of Britain's 
prime minister? Brilliant — if vou suffer 
from insomnia. 



recommends "eliminating minimum 
wages or lowering them for young peo- 
ple. ” along with reducing "nonwage la- 
bor costs such as social security.” 

He thereby pushes the old belief that 
if only wages are low enough, everyone 
will be able to find a job. This never has 
been true, and it is not true now. wheth- 
er m France. Britain, the United States. 
Mexico or Thailand. 


Kaiserslautern. Germanv 

It’s No Affair of State 

It seems intolerable to me that the 
president of the United Slates should be 
distracted from the affairs of state by the 
sort of accusations of sexual “harass- 
ment" (allegedly committed some yean, 
ago and prior lo his election to govern 
the country) made by what was then 
already a mature married woman. 

Is it not U’me to change the law, so 

Myth-Making About Jobs 

Regarding The »m to lie/ the C Jtvd 
Johs Back" (Thinking Ahead. Mar si: 

The writer. Reginald Dale, asks 3 two- 
part question. "Where have all the eood 
jobs gone, and how can we net them 
back?" Answering the first part, he 
blames “populist politicians and labor 
unions ' that "resist the force* of 
change, and “entrepreneurs and man- 
agers’ who have not responded lo "the 
potential of new production processes." 

He then asks. “What can be done to 
answer the second pan of the question, 
to create new jobs?" Having quietlv 
abandoned the idea of “good" jobs, he 

To help your readers in gauging the 
depth and sincerity of the convictions 
regarding a U.S. military intenention in 
Bosnia, expressed by various writers on 
your opinion pages, would it be possible 
to insert at the end of each article calling 
for such imervenrion a note suiting how 
many sons or daughters the w riter has in 
the U.S. armed forces? it would help to 
know whether or not their children will 
be at risk of coming home crippled or 
in body bags. 


Incline Village. Nevada. 

checks has risen since I960 from 1 m 30 
to I in 8. Abortions, illegitimate births, 
divorces, child abuse and time spent with 
TV are on the rise. At the same time, 
social expenditures in constant drfart 
have risen in 30 years from S144 billion to 
S787 billion. .America isn't going to hell; it 
has been there since Ike died. 

Why am J reading this stuff? It's old 
news. Similar evidence of social collapse, 
depraved behavior and impending doom 
has bom served up steaming hot every day 
for years by newspapers, magazines, televi- 
sion and die Hollywood media. It is creat- 
ing a nation of psychotic pessimists who 
see disaster around every aimer. 

The Orwellian state is at hand. You 
can t smoke or tell an eduiic joke with- 
out being bashed by the Gean Air- 
Clean Tongue sect. Time magazine spec- 
ulates on the possibility of a collision 
between Earth and a huge comet: News- 
week reports that margarine is loaded 
with “trans fatty acids” that can kill vou. 

People are finishing one another off 
by the thousands in Rwanda. Liberia. 
Sudan. East Timor. Haiti, Bosnia, the 
streets of urban America and other 
lands yet to make the nightly news. 

News-week's sagacious Robert Samuel- 
son tried earlier in the year to leaven this 
sad diet with a good news column: .Amer- 
ican industry is robust Americans are 
healthier and wealthier than the last gen- 
eration, the divorce rate is falling (slight- 
ly) and “for all the talk of family break- 
down. roughly seven of 10 children under 
18 live with both parents." 

He is not alone. Many scholars, free of 
deadlines and the competitive pressures 
of the journalistic culture, are bringing to 
the “news” perspectives that calm our 
inds. Society, 

Loiter* intended fur public alien 
dii iy Id be addressed "Letters to the 
Editor" and contain the writer's sig- 
nature. name and full address. Let- 
ters should he brief and are subject to 
editing We ivnnor tv responsible for 
the return of unsolicited manuscripts. 


feverish minds. Society, a journal of soci- 
ology published bv Rutgers University, 
addresses a hot subject this month: “Mar- 
ital Infidelity." a study conducted bv An- 
drew Greeley. Others from Alfred Kinsev 
to Shere Hite have claimed that one in 
four wives and seven in 10 husbands are 
adulterous, proof that Sodom and Go- 
morrah is alive and well in America. 

Mr. Greeley — a priest, novelist. Uni- 
versity or Chicago professor and member 
of the National Opinion Research Center 
— says this is poppycock: “AH these 

statistics have one charaeieronc in com- 
mon. They are not based on national 
probability samples" and thus have the 
same relationship to “responsible social 
science as . . , magic /has] to medicine." 

The center has done the proper sam- 
pling. he savs. coming up with an adul- 
tery rate lover a lifetime! .9’ .wily 1 1 
percent Tor wives and 21 percent for huv- 
bands. Similar studies abroad produced 
extremely high perrenuses of sexual mo- 
nogamy among married people: So per- 
cent in the United States, SO percent in 
Denmark, 89 percent in Britain and — 
dutch your hat — 92 percent in France. 

« ell. on to the neu good news insull- 
ment. which involves .American blacks, 
of whom lhe W ashing ton Ptut columnist 
William Raspberry once said: "If you 
were a Maruan and read nothinc but 
Tne Washington Post, vou would think 
uus city is inhabited by five kinds of 
people — Georgetown and Northwe-t 
whites, black miliums . . . black crimi- 
nals. black welfare mothers." 

We gel essentially the same picture 
every day from the press, although we can 
see all around us a verv large, confident 
well-educated, economically and politi- 
cally successful black middle class. The 
current issue of the Journal or Blacks in 
Higher Education addresses the point in 
an entire page of good news Muppet* 
from which I draw a few examples. 

W'hile the enrollment of white col- 
lege students declined in 1992. black 
enrollments increased by 4.4 percent to 
1.393.483. The percentage of black stu- 
dents in medical schools has more than 
tripled since 1968; the number of 
blacks enrolled in MBA courses has 
grown by 60 percent over the past de- 
cade; the number of black law school 
students has increased since 1970 bv 60 
percent; the number of practicing 
black lawyers has quadrupled. 

There is good news about the environ- 
menL Air and water are cleaner than 
when 1 was young. Contemporary hyste- 
ria over such “environmental hazards" as 
asbestos in classrooms is misplaced. John 
D. Graham, founding director of Har- 
vard’s Center for Risk Analy sis, tells us to 
lighten up. A baby's chances of being hit 
on the ground by a falling aircraf t, he 
reports, are about a thousand times great- 
er than death from classroom asbestos. 

The risk from many of the "toxic sub- 
stances” identified by the Environmental 
Protection Agency are "no greater than 
what people routinely incur from drink- 
ing a cup of coffee each dav or eating 
a peanut butler sandwieh for lunch.*’ 

There's plenty to cheer about out 
there. We just don't print much of it. It's 
neither culturally nor commercially cor- 
rect in the news business. 

The Washington Post. 

men Age 


State terror in Turkish Kurdistan 

landings wd honouring the riclinis of past barbarities, close at hand, in an allied 
country anned and Goaiiced by nor democratic regimes, in an afmospbeie of general 

indifference, a people tong iikreated to b*sa>ry is suffering systematic destnictfoo 
of its villages, the forced depopulation if its towns and lhe decimation of its 

Every month about thirty Kurdish villages are wiped off the map, forests are 
burned, several Oradours’ are perpetrated under cover of -the light against 
terrorism*. Public opinion and the international community remain sfleuL 

In lhe face of an intense disaifonnatioii campaign from Ankara, which tends 
to reduce the problems and aspinitioas of the 15 ariBiofl Kurds in Hutey to -PKK 
terrorism*, the undersigned nm-govenunental organisations, which support the 
Kurdish civilian population but oppose all forms of violence, wish to bring the 
foliowing (acts to the attention of the public : 


Batman Diaria : Se ta ne. BeymRcbab: Bcn&ea. fflbesi, Braun, Bonkkd, (one fire, Efcn 
I teie, Gebe, Gettan, Gire Gabdya, Ctafofce, Govrit, Gorike, Gund&e Sparkman. Gugsik, I taedra, 

(tbmba);Sihan: Fertml (Xjyacfcrct, Kurbqi; Streak Amun^i, AilaW. Avtu AmamLiwtkfi 
Avka Heap (Tuptepe), Ax. form. Uaruh. Bone Mihencfa iKuffeyil. Run Giulia. hU ftwefe 
(Inaieri, B*ro, Bqen. Betaine, Berubw, BaeSliml .Giilert i. Qnc.-an. dries*. iVr-uk. Her.*£- , 
Ifoapij, Kcm Blra Buuar (GOrwTei, Brndauk. Duv-an. biwan (Gfimii i.Bn-ja.UoJuu-Oiinw 
C*. Cane Mean. Oneie (Balpmari. £tod. Wrabun. Denk, Dcvik, Dihdu. Dm. fnn:ui Dmn 
Doadebh (Kirhkuyu). Dumilp, Fuisan (Athasi), timlih, Gefin ton. Germ.-, Gweink. Gilmdur 
(Keraerii), Gire Cda,Gtre,Gin5pi, Guhnu. Gmk. Gurvdik < Mnswu. Gmutke i.k u . Gundikc Rein. . 
(Andmisj. GufldAaiMnp iTdicuiari. Gtuievyam. Gmw iKust««uk. Ilona. ICun For Ice. Kjtiu 
(GO ncdflnniiK). KentUli igartrti. Kcrar, Kikur. K.ij, Kuprii. Kuru Xane. Kuruin ..Amtuvi, 
UNnerrim. Mafijtn tGQncremii. Masau Mowrn. Mehujki, MendA. MoKUuan fUjUB^i.MeiKeh 
Mindikera, Miaaifl. Nanif, Nena, Nerry tCtaRkmuki, Knar (Kiradii. Rjumian. Permit. Kipin 
(Yeshuva), Rrfiodt, Rusur. Sara. Sahitcme, Sdnon, .Semka. Serefi. xnA itjrahuTiini VikeAra. 
Sffljan iOtMnQu. Soisma, Spindinik fBoyunkarai, Spinan (Xar^tn, TaJiU Tena. Turiu. , 
U«iwak ur(SH itfaUi), Xanhfau, XrfinJisa, Xudan. 7 jevi}-j Km. Zmun*. /jftj, fihe. /jnnn. Zm»jk. 

ZirarRiTatvra:Axlnu,Coraa,l^nen(Divxrahni I Enf!iMeln2on.Er)a , <'ir.liin. , ke>ii lliMuv.liuan. j 

Bnamk. Kknan. ((arushri, Kiiiinaus, Grams, Miotiii. PiMe. ftih*. &a nak. sens. Tdew 
Utatere BWi. DcMaa |Sdemfij, 1 UU. Kadun (Baikal. Kale. Mijm lAJatuiun i. Kenwh lAxtelcnr. 
Scan, Skis (Sapaaj, Shm, Uudere (centre). Zrriycn (Tarlihaai, Zmmk ilncdai 

The Kmdish towns of Sinuk, Kulp, lice and Qukurca, haw? been physically 
detroyed to a great extern and become ghost towns. Half die population of others. 


WVA F World Wide Fund For Nature 

«■■» •• i; ’ V— -rl.i \\ .l.ll-i. F i.n.i • 

i ..l\. ., I I ,(.,n.|. S • n.-,ilj„.| 

•I lr.nn 

F *-f 

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_ Xsi'$ 



if. afl 1 * ;.!? 

> r ! 

Henke, Jlevsdie, Hewsa Bert; flmofcro, noWor, f fee, JKxete. Xddnk, Kenaoke, Bow, Kudus, likeOzre; SDvan, Idii, Midyat and Nnsaybin have fled as a result of a policvof terror i 
Mdui, Mdna. Mittake. Newilr Genina. PenariDc FWoda. hmaa, Sefcdtc, Sakar. Sedrobnkjr, and assassuntion carried out by Ihlteh seenri^ forces, in the Iasi two wars thev 

have assassinated 1638 Kurdish intellectuals, political personalities, Trade Unionise 
and teachers, including the Kurdish poet Musa Anter. 74 jears of age, Member of] 
ParHament Mardin Mehma Sncar and 72 other cadres of his Democracy Finvand 
34 iouraalists and newsagents. 

Many thousands of Kurdish political activists arc in prison, soleh-btcaiB.eof| 
their opinions. Amongst these are M.Rs Leyia Zana. Maiunut Ahnak, Hatip Uide, 
Oihan Dogan, Sirri Sakik and Ahmet link, who have been in prevemire detention 
shice March 4th and risk death sentences for their opinions; Mehdi Zana, former | 
M^orofDtjiaibakii; who had already spent 15 years in prism and is now serving a 
4 years sentence for his testimony before the European Parliament: Tlirkish 
sociologist, Ismail Besik?', who has already spent 1 2 years in jail for his writings on 
the Kurdish question and is back in prison for another 5 wars; to Fourrotists and 
many university tecturers and lawyers. 

Since January 1,1994, 5899 people have been taken into custody and 
tortured; 164 have died or ^disappeared- while held incommunicado (officially 1 5 
days, renewable). As a result of this systematic policy of Slate Terrorism >jiuv 19W 
half the population of the Kurdish provinces has been driven oul It fc. dearly the 
Thriddi atahorities' afau to depopuhte Kurdistan, destroy the territorial basis nf ihc 
Ktudirii question and scatter the Kurdish people so as to insure assimilation, niw is 
in (hespirit of the traditional TUrkish policy of *ahnterecomposilioflofdiccoimiiv^ 
This b^an with the genocide of the Armenians was followed bv the expulsion nf 
1,200,000 Greeks from Anatolia in the 1920s and now is to bc cnmplried k die 

Sriie, Surpp, SwwpasxTotane, Xonorflt. Xbioiefc, Xin Bdctaa, Xininji.ZuavwiBiogaitiz.VjnQk, 
Yxiumk, Volacn; BtnaB: Ksanci, Kurthaa; Bfttb: Gdmsek Uetfc, Ifcrefce, Unas, tiaidon, 
Ingol Mrranes, Odu Mezasi, Ptremate, fumbedo.Suve, Wboit; (atak : Bezjnis, Ceotfe, Clean, 
Doran, Enincs, Bztma n . F ari ng. Goto Italian, ] beaus, llacfcey, Kcidie, Kae, Xdcniir, Xoojtjs, 
Knraran, Kurt, Manaus, Meb Kkfa, Orik, Sabi, SuL T marts, Tmbesa. Xunor, Xntg Zrieran; 
Our: Sai{(^gta)an'| 1 XisacDarg^C^ABjrHeniD(Gdii 1 Z£vto(Ganislu);D6*:DHniirfu J 
EiMus, Guik, Gflxmk. Kubuk. Wasoask (Inccsu). Udwi, S o n. Meskta (Barak), Mtai (Kayjci], 

Sad»(<jt).SereM^(Bnrtt) 1 Serajorin T Setinig(GiapBei|,Sannied,SkaH(Kmhm«J,Usube 
Ptrr (Yusuf fire}. Xkbe Aiye, Kobe Azin; Dkte: Aidjenja, Bawodh, Dcpnnend, Dcrik, Gdnct, 
GewUe Hole. Goad (Bogttku?). Gfindike Had Ibabtm, Hdffiye. Kaomus, KeUun (Kdekdi, 
Kioctq)e(Meflfkcj 1 PA^PijfB^(&i^l,Pir^[ltojnlul,Xacri(Tasa^);Di7aii«kir MtzrA, 
Xacric, Zin^n Qaz^: Ot^utar (AhnK EIUsbuu GdlkM. Sotm; EiganL Cnuffi. IlnatK. Kivunna 
Xupu; Erato E)4em. Genp Aign, Boma. Kjuoiwe, Xanszn, Meg Non Mafao. VmuR, Zriiek; 
GercnstAcfce, Brinine. Bdicw, fAn, Denw, Gitfldike Kobe, Minutie. Xhe, ZMi^a Ahsbwya, 
HtiyaSor ; Ga ^n k oaa L- yCCT^(Dapyfaogaz).Zi»^Sil^BriOcaTl: lh^ic^Bqidiii,lknK 
Kasesi. Beyurd, Bmeisivan. Qudkti. Cetepe, Critflc, Genog ftekfi. pna*. Qrarne, Depnaen, 
DojszH, Dogaoh. GccirnD, Gdezo, Gefinh, Get^e Suae, Genis Den;, Girt Dim, GT4 wj, GulSce, 
Gdmbdu, 1 lari. I loge; fgdefi, KantH, Kaosn. Knk, Kara RmXani, Kbst, GkA Kuy.lao.Uanefin, 
Mdrra, Merice; Wage, Nhaier. Oidekk. Orta Delink, fimrii, Bezok, SaijvSebTuiaSogd^Stmfz, 
Su. Subk, Sisnanan. Suvar, SuaareXdaTahi. Tasbasi, TasHi.T[kbefi, Uafcce, Yzyb Desea, Yuce, 

Yukm Puinceken, Zereklh Kani: Bawt (Cagil}, Cantab)', Coananas, Derton, GomBeidn. iiori, 

Knloibi Koyii, Korean, Ruyutsr (Neii)}, Sekk. Senle, Iso, HaxiO: Ceid, Curai, Gemafl 
ihlhd, ! laxkz. Kani, Utoke. Moroni, SjgeWi. Seflnu, Siman, Xodlk, Xondi il, ZmfiCi Hsaa: Ai^-an, 
Arin, I'tufa, Giorffti Gtyazliaret. Haaaa. Os. Psn feoaSntoi Siret. Taiu. IX lag: SwguJu, 
Setm (Buszmkak), Kunri: Bette, ffitzan, &«e; Kaalqaf: Gcfiye Afijran, Eon Meydan, laj&a, 
Seukor, SexekuTC^fi, Zbxi^c; Eocalcoy: Tqxiik, Sakte; Kozhi: taasfcx, Pmim. Somali, Tana; 
Timn.Xart, XatgkHt, Xobektk, Snip: Adrot, Goasfc, Atasb (Ufitoy}, Avjpdma, BxBa llwrc 
(Ysyik), Bawanfa (Sarast. Bjpr (Mala Diaare), Befin. Beset, Cvtomi (tadtA). ftek. Dehleare. 

in. I) -■ |. 

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'•'I'i-J ft ft F jIm. .>rj mi.,, 
■•mi'.' »>’ Iul| u-ijuri in. ,»i- 
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A... I V. \\ F ;-r..i1n.< ru>linii> jhIs ,|\ \\ t jj 

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iu-lp i»nr wiii-li Ml til .1 ,, r , I^.J 

j-k i-i- wnn- r*. ilu- iiu-niKi%lnp ■ iiTn t -r ,n 
i.iilriu. .'ppiuiii- 

V.-ii ■ - 9 i!x hj\i it. |... 4 . .in -in i.l vm n> tin- w-.rlil .rill lu, .11 .iw I ill |.,i |.i J,. 
.il'..nt i'..ii>ir\ jin. 11. 

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1 hi- 

S ™"" unit : ^ ra,,nlr '' 

All iltese bets are wdl known to our gownunems who also know that ibv 
war in Kurdistan has already caused more than 1 5,000 deaths and costthe Turkish 
Goventmenl over $ 25 bilfioo. 

TOeare thus all ibe more indJisnazit ai their re&isal 10 punish *njriccy, which 
they continue to accept in our Western inanitions, such as the Coundi of Europe j 

ftrei, Gdiye Amxika. GeBye Gotnak, Gefiyi Rune. GeW Uussor. Gctendes, Godtmr. Gantekd, 
HiriAnA 1 Ifflm lima, Hroi, HtskabuL Kanuta tASfauht'1. Sereon. foda. Kbprihs. KupulraV. 
Kure (fcbnkuyi, MiaCali Uedea (Aha), MedfaL Undo, tides* (Aba): Medea (Ihskubut), 
Nerrik (GirindesJ, ffevie, tonw. Oijilic, fW Qayscr (Aigunj, Qeiien, Bhda (Bastb)), Safisnaa 
1 foie, Siunwa Higs B<xa.SzJuni[ia {irer.Safisnuti Tind^ StimSertaa,Saisor Baati |Droz), 
arms (Gungectf), Taxake, Tne (Kafka), Ucbiyu. Uoa/p. Xsfart, U04A Yakut, Yubn Pobtk, 
Yidcandira. Zavitor. ?iki^ Deyri CraAiini;. Qncnw? (Ah{»r), FmlAe.Gazik, I fiseyiu. 

ftdri«>gHidsfe| L I^IJcfr Af<amAlBWBaMiiaBm5.Bi^ 

CcmeAH^Daalxl Dart. Demst. BktlDenus^DuakGanw. 
todoc, ItaflCiiOTe. tfisboc, Hnzeynft. S afia w b lrai , Kapdk (lfcan), Kefc, LtcA, Mda Mihe 
Biro. Nb^lr, tirfan, Fear iGadSen), Ptaik, fidmi. Pna. Bsm, Besane. Sant, Senfcni, Seien. 
Sesm. Sise, XnataXOsoi; Jturmck. Zenqra».Zenfie;7a^za^Itaife 
Kanneset, Ahmed, Xithc Res (Kaobunmi, tote; 9hmtf^l>ii^Gcyayi.(k)i^fAffiu) t 
Gctfra Got 9 ” Iteem (Ulua^ raate), Itecna, Ketobci, tohn (Oyonui, lobu Bta, 

UJan Xnbe lUim, iidehi (MeseS). Mesidej) (1kisu).0runhi {Kona], Sdajor (KafinnS Aljc), Sctojnr, 
Santa (Karausj. Suk^Tauia fDerectfc). Sunk (Atabr); Mdj« Sphere. Mesa, Nuvsle, Same 

- fCniskti 

faya^cu. Kapsitu, Kucriuyn, Kwimiriu. Orahw, STOtcpe, SsMdere, TasydA, Tirin, Pcmri : 
Ask Aii^n. fteka, Ben, tea, Ctaai, 1 loan; I luie. 1 tol, llot, heeler, J&Csad.fcaA.Kevziii, 
Kucuu, Kundes, Hfcduse. Moeh, Mtaces.Nqer. OnmrtASaniapaiSrf^Bem 
Zurana ; Same: C*ese. Qay, Gerok, Handle fGunesD), Hebt, nereftdft lloihe, Ikb Donifa, 
Mah 1 lean, Hah Meic, Mabmer, Powh, 5d»» (Kacanee), Sexhuwa, kaika, Tcnze, Tent. 
(Omflrfu): SHn : fttaris, Swol, Otancf^^f^rtttene.aDnli*, Geme. Dwsm. 

tyriay n, Bata. Entfe. FiraBdi, Gansaa, Gcfaif.GAGtfec.'ftaat. Gtgavfe. Gete, Gea. 
Cuba, Gosudonik, Hahnw, Ikarak (6zbem*Joj. Kakrefer Kmija Boyc, Mdma (Xzpidi}. 
Mdike. Mto. Mwete (Kdddj. Net*uv. tie* wm, Wnta ipanei), Qtao.Cdbv Qcwk, FetwH 
{Ereftteyai.SteiaeCGtin^hl^cai^SaEnirii.Sihe^iiis^Tbiimir^llrtlilc.yhiidBs^yteaifliaa.Zevr ; 
Sflopis Beserc Bcsesi (KownWW). ^*1 (GofSmKi), Bogfe Dene Sot. Deredre'. DfifKor 
Saenk^Dadcv (Sdcuk), &&&. Gk If**®). ^ l^.^Awjrim Seip*,5llp 

l*k ■ 

, in the present situation, auy 

State sdlii^aniistoTWfceyorprovidh^Uwkh economic aid, wfo'di is bdngtkvrtid 

for this wa; is an attompliceofTtatey's campaign of destruction and dcpopulaiiun 
in Ibridsh Kurdstan. 

TTiey urge Wedenr Democracies lo act deciavcly to persuade their Turkisli 
ally to stop petseoitu^ the Kurdish people and 10 initiate a political soluuon for ihc 
Iforttish qtKSlion under the of ^ iheEuropcan Union or 1>N If Ankara 

persists in its present poUcjt they should withdraw all politi cal , cconnmic, financial 
or miliifliy support and exdude Tbriiey from Western institutions where its pnsence j 
can only discredit and dishoiKinr the Wes. 

.^rettsmfdc pair les Droits del'Hoinm. Agfrici. CGT, CMVtE. i'm-uMii! 
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Ubcrtb, FSU, LKXA. Maaon du Monde, Medecinsdu Monde. MRAP Numxauc Dimly 
de rHomne, Peup/es Solidaim. SNES, SNESup. SQS-Rachme, Tern • ,Av Honmey 
France, ComMde Defense ties Liberia a da Droits de I'lhmic. 

This campaign a funded by l be signatories. if m uml l0 mw1 lK 
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Page 6 


Scientist Wins Case 
In a Russian Court 
And A gainst State 

Clinton Gives the Go-Ahead 
For a UN Force in Rwanda 

American officials, however, ai^c^u^ 

mr: * 

By Fred Hiatt 

H’ajhingffm P mr Service 

MOSCOW — A Moscow district 
court ordered the government on 
Wednesday to pay 30 million ru- 
bles to a scientist unjustly prosecut- 
ed for discussing and criticizing 
Russia's chemical weapons pro- 

The scientist, Vil Mirzayanov, 
and his lawyer said their victory 
represented the first lime in mod- 
em Russian history that a court of 
law had awarded damages to a citi- 
zen in compensation Tor the arbi- 
trary actions of the state. 

Mr. Mirzayanov, 59. who less 
than five months ago was in a jail 
cell so crowded he could not lie 
down, said he was delighted and 
surprised at the decision, which 
came after only one day of trial. 

“1 feel happy that at long last a 
Russian citizen can have his fate 
decided as a respected citizen in 
court, and not at the mercy of some 
bureaucrat." he said. 

But Mr. Mirzayanov cautioned 


Omen for Major? 

Continued from Page I 

dom is that the Tories would do 
well to keep 20 seats, and could end 
up with as few os 10 . In the current 
European Parliament, the Tories 
hold 32 of the Britain’s 81 seats: 
Labor has 45. 

The Daily Telegraph, a newspa- 
per that has customarily reflected 
Conservative Party thinking, pre- 
dicted Tuesday that the Tories were 
“facing the prospect of their worst 
hammering in British political his- 

Opinion polls have reflected the 
steep plunge in the fortunes of Mr. 
Major's troubled government, 
which won a narrow majority in the 
House of Commons in the Iasi na- 
tional election in April 1991 In 
winning their fourth straight na- 
tional campaign the Tories look 43 
percent of the vote, compared with 
39 percent for Labor. 

In addition to the European bal- 
lot, the Tories also face the pros- 

pect of losing a special election to 
fill the seat held by Stephen Milli- 

fill the seat held by Stephen Milli- 
gan, a Conservative member of 
Parliament from Hampshire whose 
death last year provoked salacious 
stories in London tabloids. Mr. 
Milligan accidentally died of suffo- 
cation while engaged in what the 
police described as “an auto-erotic 

that one judge's ruling is only a 
“small sign" of progress. He said 
the agencies held liable were cer- 
tain to appeal. In addition, he not- 
ed. he has been refused permission 
to travel abroad. 

The Moscow court ordered slate 
prosecutors to pay Mr. Mirzayanov 
20 million rubles (about $10,300 at 
current exchange rates}. His former 
employer, the Institute of Organic 
Chemistry, was ordered to puy him 
10 million rubles, But the judge. 
Nikolai Vorabyov. rejected Mr. 
Mirzayanov's request for compen- 
sation from the Tanner KGB. say- 
ing the recently reorganized securi- 
ty agency could not be held 
responsible for the actions of its 
predecessor agency. 

Mr. Mirzayanov was arrested in 
the fall of 1992, after the breakup 
of the Soviet Union, and charged 
with revealing slate secrets after he 
suggested in newspaper articles 
that Russia was continuing to de- 
velop chemical weapons in contra- 
diction of its public assurances. He 
went on trial last January. 

Rights groups, American mem- 
bers of Congress and others pro- 
tested the charges and the secrecy 
of the trial, calling both a throw- 
back to Soviet practices. After a 
day. Mr. Mirzayanov refused to 
testify and was jailed. 

President Boris N. Yeltsin's na- 
tional security adviser. Yuri Ba- 
rarin, then said he believed the 
prosecution's case was without 
merit. On March 1 1, charges were 
dropped. One month later. Mr. 
Yeltsin dismissed Anatoli Kumse- 
vicb. the retired genera) who was 
said to have led the campaign to 
prosecute Mr. Mirzayanov, from 
his post as chairman of the Com- 
millee on Problems of Chemical 
and Biological Disarmament. 

Reflecting on the astonishingly 
fast turnaround in his position. Mr. 
Mirzayanov said that the outcome 
on Wednesday was beyond his 
wildest dreams of five months ago. 
His lawyer. Alexander Asnis. said 
the ruling was an important step in 
the democratizing of Russia's 

Mr. Mirzayanov said that “of 
course" he would continue to fight 
against chemical weapons research, 
which he believes is continuing 
here. He said he was working with 
scientists in ihe United States. Ger- 
many and elsewhere to broaden the 
convention banning chemical 
weapons and promote its signing. 

But he said his work was ham- 
pered when bureaucrats denied 
him a passport to travel abroad, 
saying he could not go because he 
knows >Late secrets. 

KJv'kia ' u 


By Paul Lewis avoid taking on u*s H 

Sew York Times fulfill . 

UNITED NATIONS. New York — With the Unit- ^ year ^ Clinton adminisirauoD- drew 

ed Nations now dose to reenriung the lr0P Pf^^ guidelines governing American su PP or J;* ,r /“^5 
for an expanded Rwandan peacekeeping Sleeping operations, insisting that the 

the Gin ton administration has given its consent to the clear-cut goals and the roeansto 

f TneSfdSfTwity Council resolution prqwed American resolution, *e Uniti States 

by the United States and circulated to members alls previous lflS4Stcn ceihat the ex panted peace, 

for the new. mainly African, force to keeping force should deploy mainly along the Rwm- 

Rwanda with the task of protecting displaced people ** b( J der area ^ - •• L - v 

inside the country as well as Ihe relief workers aiding instead, the new force trill fry W*fly ml £ 
them. . ... „ dan capital, Kigali, to reinforce the small UNJorae 

But the resolution says the new force shall notact as a]re ^f prol ^§ng thousands of displaced ; people 

a buffer between the forces of the rebel Rmnda mowig into the center of the aynfay, 

Patriotic Front and those of Rwandan government. w j jerc ^ concentrations of endangered crvfl- 



nor will it try to make them stop fighting- 

Senior UN officials said they now had been prom- 
ised most of the 5.500 troops they need for the Rwan- 
da military operation. The only units still to be found 
are such technical ones as engineers, vehicle mainte- 
nance staff, logistical experts and the staff for a field 

Iqbal Riza, the UN official in charge of peacekeep- 
ing. expressed frustration at the delays in assembling 
the needed forces at a rime when thousands of people 
are being killed. “No government would operate the 
way we have to operate,” he said at a news conference. 

Human-rights groups, like Africa Watch, have 
blamed the Clinton administration for some of the 
delays, saying it is overly cautious in its approach. 

ians are thought to be. ’ ; 

■ Cease-Fire Talks ContuHic , 

Rwanda army and rebel commander^ opened ^ 
third round of cease-fire talks in Kigah on Weditesday 
as their gunners battled across the divided capital. 

^T^UNTorce commander. Major General R«neo ; 
DaHaire, led cease-fire talks at UN headquarta&te 

tween a rebel colon d, Frank Mugambage. and Briga- 

dier General Maned Gaisina _ - ' ' 

General Dallaire is pushing both sides 10 agree .to a- 
UN draft truce so an interaauoual relief effon to help. . 
millions of homeless can start. 

SNAG; Japan Deals a Blow to U.S. Efforts on Korea 

vt; ? T. wm ^n-.r Fcmi-.-Prt'V 

SIGNS OF OLD TIMES — Protesters holding portraits of Stalin at a pro-Communist rally 
Wednesday near a Moscow automobile factory to demand an improvement in living conditions. 

Con tinned from Page 1 

meni has quietly assembled a de- 
tailed list of possible sanctions it 
could take against North Korea. 
Japan, officials in Tokyo said, is 
determined not to be slow off the 

GEOKOlAs Another Ethnic Conflict Takes Its Toll 

Continued from Page 1 
two centuries of Russian domina- 
tion of Abkhazia, first by the ciirs 
and then the Communists, it be- 
came a multiethnic community 

Mr. Shevardnadze did not control 
the men with the suns — he still 
does not — and in August 1992. his 
minister of defense. Tengiz Kito- 
vani. an -ambitious nationalist, in- 

li is not clear who in Moscow 
authorized the intervention, but 
most Western diplomats believe 
that it was the hard-liners in the 
Russian military. The diplomats 

determined not to be slow off the Tt| a . lhf _ 
mart again, inking kind of 
criticism that stung the country a .. 

during the Gulf War. when it con- H North Urj 
iributed S13 billion but never put North Kore 
its own people at risk. 

. fn addition to the cutoff in fin an- 
rial transfers, the Japanese list 
would limit air links between Japan ^ 

and North Korea, end sporting I 4 I I |<l 
meets and cultural exchanges and MM* 

tighten IlmiLS on exports. But al- 
most all of these other steps are ] 

China aboard. China said Tuesday Kim Yong 
that it was “blood-bound” to States on V 
North Korea, and Beijing’s foreign at the nego 
minis ter, Qian Qichen, was quoted round of n 

in the official China Daily as saying their differ 
tha t “sanctions are not a sensible from Kiev, 
choice, as they would only aggra- 

Kim Yong Nam, urged die United' 
States on Wednesday "to sit-dawn- : 
at tbe rtegotiaiiraiable for's thH'd-' 
round of n^orifltk»s". to iESolve 
their differdices, Reu ters reported 

North Urges More Talks 

North Korea's foreign minister. 

If a third round is launched,B*- 
spectors will be allowed .izt again 4o 
nuclear sites, said Mr. Kint w ho 
was ia Ukraine on an official visit' 

“Many nationalities lived here varied Abkhazia without Mr. She- 
— Georgians, Abkhazians, Amur- vardnadze's approval. 

note that the Abkhazian attack symbolic, and would cause the 
came when President Boris N. North little or no pain. 



niaiis. Greeks. Russians." said Na- 
tella Akaba. deput> chairman of 
Abkhazia’s commission on human 
rights and ethnic relations. "We 
lived in peace. ’’ 

Then came the collapse of the 
Soviet Union and the unleashing of 
nationalist forces. 

In Abkhazia, a movement for 

Georgian troops, joined by para- 
military gang;, engaged in whole- 
sale looting, rape. Sind killing. 

Cease-fires were broken, and 
skirmishing continued until Sep- 
tember 1993 . when Abkhazian 
forces opened a major offensive. 
This time they had outside support. 

Aeeording’io Western diplomats 

greater autonomy met the radical and military officials in the Geor- 
nationalism of Zviad K. G.imsak- gian capital. Tbilisi, in Moscow. 

hurdia, Georgia’s first post-Soviet 
head of slate, who preached "Geor- 
gia for the Georgians." 

After Mr. Gamsakhurdia was 
deposed in January 1^2. the Geor- 

and in neighboring countries. Rus- 
•vans supplied the Abkhazians with 
weapons, tanks, money and opera- 
tional planning. Russian border 
commanders also allowed ihou- 

Yehsin was under siege from con- 
servatives holed up in the Russian 

After the Abkhazians drove the 
Georgian forces from the land, it 
was their turn 10 rape, pillage, and 
plunder to exact their revenge, add- 
ing to the devastation of Abkhazia. 

In recent weeks. Mr. Ardzinba 
has appeared more conciliatory. 
saying Georgians were also wel- 
come'back. except those who took 
pan in the war. He also appeared to 
strike a more moderate stance 

Ever since North Korea began 
unloading spent fuel rods from its 
nuclear reactor at Yongbyon last 
month, giving the country a new 
supply of plutonium that is enough 
for four or five nuclear weapons, 
the American coordinator of North 
Korean policy. Robert L. Gallucci. 
has sought a UN Security Council 
resolution that would get Pyong- 
yang's attention. Cutting off the 
financial transfers has been the key 
to that strategy. 

Tokyo's objections to a quick 

Troops for UN: Source 
Of Conflict for Swiss 

gian leader. Eduard A. Shcvard- sands of mercenaries from other 
nadze. sought an accommodation Caucasus republics to cross into 
with the Abkhazian separatists. But A bkhazia. 

strike a more moderate statue Tokyo s objections to a quick 
when he said that while Abkhazia cutoff vary, depending upon who is 
wanted complete independence, it talking for the government. Some 

would consider a confederation officials say they fear that Japan 

with Georgia. 

would stand out as the onlv court- 

Jn the interview. Mr. Ardzinba. try imposins 3 truly aggressive 
49. spoke eloquently about democ- sanction, inviting North Korea's 

■| racy, capitalism, the need to pro- 
| teci minority rights, and even pro- 
tecting Abkhazia's environment. 


“He is dead set on independence, 
and in order to get it he will lie. he 
will cheat, he will do anything." a 
senior diplomat said. “He pretends 
he's negotiating. In my view he's 
buying time. 

wrath. Others fear that the 250.000 
Koreans living in Japan with loyal- 
ties to the North would cause ex- 
treme social disruptions. 

Japanese officials say the main 
reason they do not want to cut off 
funds, however, is humanitarian. 

“We look at the funds different 
than the United States does.'' a 

“He's assessing how the winds senior Japanese official said last 
are blowing in Moscow, and right week. “They see this money as 


now they are blowing in his favor. 
His supporters arc out of prison." 

something that props up the North 
Korean government. We see it as 

The diplomat was referring to largely something from Koreans in 
Alexander V. Rutskoi and Ruslan Japan who want to help their fam- 

71 | V I'TWmTTi'VU • t 

i'fcralo ^fe .fcnbuni 

I. Khasbulatov, the men who led 
the uprising against Mr. Yeltsin in 


Japan has also argued that a soft- 
er set of sanctions would help bring 


Published by the Internationa! 
Herald Tribune, in coordination with the 
Paris Stock Exchange, the 1994 edition 
includes detailed profiles of ail the 
companies in the new SBF 120 Index. 

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company background and major activities, 

recent developments, sales breakdown, 
shareholders, subsidiaries and holdings in 
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9 Monday 

International Conferences and Seminars 

• Tuesday 
Education Directory 

• Wednesday 

Business Message Center 

• Thursday 

International Recruitment 

• Friday 

Real Estate Marketplace, Holidays and Travel 

• Saturday 

Arts and Antiques 

The Swiss are sharply divided 
over a referendum next Sunday 
on a government proposal to 
provide peacekeeping troops to 
the United Nations. Opinion 
surveys point to a close vote. 

The government, under inter- 
national pressure to do so, 
plans to provide about 600 
peacekeepers. Tbe estimated 
cost: 100 million Swiss francs 
($70 million) a year. 

But opponents cite the coun- 
try's tradition of neutrality and 
warn darkly that the money 
could be diverted from more 
urgent needs, like okl-age pen- 
sions. Billboards have sprung 
up showing the grave marker of 
a Swiss soldier in the middle of 
a bleak, and obviously distant, 
desert landscape. 

The government, and three of 
the four main political parties, 
have tried to convince voters 
that Swiss independence will 
not suffer. 

But tbe Swiss have ignored 
government advice before. 
They voted overwhelmingly 
against UN membership in 
1 986 and narrowly against par- 
ticipation in the European Eco- 
nomic Area in 1991 In Febru- 
ary. they infuriated their 
neighbors by voting to ban 
heavy trucks from Alpine 

Officials fear a “no” vote 
Sunday would further empha- 
size Swiss isolation — particu- 
larly corning on a day when 
many in Europe are voting for 
members of the European Par- 
liament — and cause interna- 
tional organizations to recon- 
sider basing offices in 

fear that even attention sur- 
rounding the WorkJCup soccer 
championships may distract' 
potential donors. .. . . . , 

The German blood scandal 
came to a climax last fall, when 
tbe Health Ministry' pre^fy 
hemophiliacs associations and 
others, announced plans for 
monthly compensation of up to 
2,000 Deutsche marks ($1 ,200V 
for the more than 370 people 
who had contracted die AIDS 
vims after transfusions with iro- : 
property inspected blood. 

The Scheldt River, which 
flows through a heavily industri- 
alized region of northern 
France, Belgium and tbe Neth- 
erlands before pouring into the 
North Sea. is Europe's dirtiest 
river, according to a new study 
commissioned by a member of 
the Dutch Parliament - 

lualaixfcnvkcasem London, 
an Irish iwtiHsmissed because 
he “would not take Irish jokes 
lying down” was found to have 
been the victim of racial dis- 
crimination and was awarded 
£5,900 ($8,900) in damages. 

An industrial tribunal heard 
that Trevor McAuley, 36, a ma- 
chinist who immigrated to Eng- 
land from Ireland in 1974. was 
subjected to a litany of anti- 
Irish jokes at the metal foundry 
where he has worked since 

“We know from regular com- 
plaints made 10 us that Irish 
people suffer this abuse day af- 
ter day,” said Hennan Ousdey, ; 
chairman of the Commission : 

for Rada! Equality in London. 
which represented Mr. McAu- t 
ley. He said be hoped the ruling, 7 
the first of its kind, would send 
a message to employers. 

The lack of rammers among v 
Ge rmans today causes Gisda 
Taiuz-Wiessner. longtime eti-^ 
queue adviser to the Berlin gov- 1 
eminent, to wince discreetly. • 
She blames what she sees as a ■ 
lack of tolerance, consideration -' 
and general humanity on the . 
’60s generation, which tossed 
out old codes of behavior with- 
out putting anything in their 

As her small contribution to - 
putting matters in order, die 
offered these guidelines to the 
weekly magazine Focus: Qean- ' ' 
ing one's glasses with one's tie is 
verboten, as is wearing white 
socks to work (unless one is a 
doctor, pharmacist or tennis . 
pro); drinking soup out of a cup 
is allowed, and so is eatin g a > 
banana with knife and fork; but 
sending condolence merg es 
by fax is simply not done. 

Around Europe 

Plus over 300 headings in International Classified 
Monday through Saturday 
For further information, contact Philip Oma in Paris: 
Tel: (33-1) 46 37 94 74 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 

German hospitals are facing 
a severe blood shortage. Opera- 
tions have had Lo be postponed 
in some cities; in others, sup- 
plies are insufficient even for 
emergency needs. 

The recent scandal over 
AJDS-con lamina ted blood is a 
key factor, according to Ger- 
man Red Cross officials. But 
donations have been in sharp 
decline since 1982. 

No relief is in sight. Summer 
is the worst season for dona- 
tions, and, according to the dai- 
ly Die Welt, Red Cross officials 

; W.„., 

Fa,. 2 , 

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TRUCE: One-Month Bosnia Pact 

fjAnttniiArfl f — n 


Page 7 

Continued from j 

“"fW" c °nnui« «. a m peauc 
reached in Bosnia Mure lifun- ihe 
sanctions. s 

William Drozdiak of 7V U c\h. 
mgton Posi reported front Istanbul- 

Seruof L r .S. officials said the 
United Stales. France. Britain and 
Russia were hoping to complete 
work on a proposed settlement hv 
*ne end of the month that could he 
presented to Bosnia * beliieerenis 
as the fairest and mosi feasible *> 
luuon to the war. 

The four-nation contact 2 roup 
hopes to take advantage of ihe one- 
monih cease-fire to resolve their 
own difference over the shape of 
me map that would split Bosnia- 
Herzegoyina along ethnic lines. 

A senior U.S. official said the 

•olve such questions of how territo- 
ries can be connected among the 
three separate ethnic entities. 

Bosnia's Muslims, for example, 
occupy enclaves in Gorazdc. Zepa, 
and Srebrenica that are surrounded 
by Serbs and must he assured (hat 
they will not be cut off. 

"in structuring the proposal," 
the official said, “we will make sure 
that natural boundaries are re- 
spected and people are not Isolat- 

The contact group nations would 
then present their proposed peace 
plan to the three warring parties 
and exert pressure to get them to 
accept iL This approach is being 
touted by France and Britain as the 
last chance to reach a peaceful set- 
tlement or else they will take steps 

ALGERIA: a Journalist's Life Becomes Dangerous 

Gfltimied from Page I Today those euphoric begin- hunun nehts violations that dm!i 

FLY: Nintendo and Video Mah-Jongg at 35,000 Feet 

mention an Islamic ambush of a 
convoy Inst month only after Mos- 
cow announced that three Russians 
had been killed 

Some Algerian journalists have 

challenged the system — and paid 
the price. More than 30 have been 
jailed. Newspapers have been 
forced to cease publication, either 
because of long-overdue printing 
bills, fines or refusal to provide 
security guards. 

A senior ILS. official said the dement or else they will take steps 
contact group must settle a number to remove their IQjQQG peacckeep- 
of “qualitative concerns" that in- mg forces from Bosnia. 

PARTNERS: Links With East 

Con turned from Page I 
Peace and will not in anv wax inter- 
fere with the quality concept under 
which PFP is based.'* 

However, he acknowledged Rus- 
sia’s importance for European se- 
curity and said that anv program 
“would very naturally take into ac- 
count and would reflect the sire 
and capabilities and willingness to 
contribute or Russia." 

Any special dialogue between 
NATO on Russia on issues beyond 
the scope of the Partnership for 
Peace such as nuclear disarma- 

By lost year the Association of 
Algerian Journalists had com- 
plained that the government want- 
ed to muzzle independent investi- 
gations and commentary on the 
security situation, return to a single 
press, reinstate censorship, and 
transform the press into a propa- 
ganda tool Tor the state's use. 

But even its brief heyday, Algeri- 
an press freedom was more appar- 
ent than real, reflecting habits of 
subservience accumulated since Ai- 

ment, peacekeeping missions, ter- 
rorism and the environment, to cite 
issues proposed by Mr. Grachev, 
would nave to occur “in a way that 
is open and transparent" so that all 
panics could be kept informed, Mr. 
Christopher stressed. 

NATO countries have scheduled 
field exercises with their Eastern 
partners later this year in Poland 
and the Netherlands. Since the pro- 
gram was launched five months 
ago, space has been cleared at NA- 
TO's Brussels headquarters for the 
20 Eastern members. 

geria won independence from 
France in 1962. Until 1989 the Na- 

Today those euphoric begin- 
nings are history. 

Since the killings began, at least 
a 100 journalists have fled overseas, 
principally to France, the former 
colonial power whose language 
most of Inem wrote in. 

After Islamic extremists began 
killing foreigners last fall, major 
Western news organizations gradu- 
ally withdrew their Algiers-based 
correspondents. A notable excep- 
tion is the France's Agence Franee- 
Pressc. Foreign correspondents 
now make occasional reporting 
trips when the government ap- 
proves hard-to-obuin visas. 

Although Algeria's journalists 
have been portrayed abroad as vic- 
tims of Islamic radicals, increasing- 
ly they have also been called to 
account by their foreign colleagues, 
especially in Europe. 

Algeria never had a Tree and in- 
dependent pres*, said Robert Men- 
ard. director of Reporters Without 
Borders, a Paris- based organiza- 

Francein 1961 Until 1989 the Na- 
.tional Liberation Front controlled 

the press as it controlled political 
life — with all ihe defects of a 
single party state. 

Then so-called reformers, out to 
end the Liberation Front's stifling 
rule and open Algeria's command 
economy to market forces, helped 
journalists start newspapers. Qua- 
si-suite enterprises provided subsi- 
dized newsprint, printing presses 
and office space and handled circu- 

lion defending press freedom 
worldwide. Rather. Algeria has a 
private press linked to various 
clans in military security. 

Human Rights Watch /Middle 
East, based in New York and 
Washington, noted in a January 
report that the Algerian media, es- 
pecially state-run radio and televi- 
sion, provide little sense of the bru- 
tality of the state's campaign 
against the Islamists and their sus- 
pected sympthizers. 

Nowhere, indeed, in the Algerian 
media is there mention of massive 

human rights violations that diplo- 
mats and humanitarian organiza- 
tions increasingly haw laid at the 
door of the security forces and 
shadowy death squads they appear 
to tolerate. 

Mr. Menard said in an interview 
that most Algerian French-lan- 
guage journalists and newspapers 
took sides and did not complain 
when the Islamic Salvation From 
and pro-Islomic newspapers, often 
written in Arabic, were banned in 
the winter of 1992. 

Thai January , the army canceled 
independent Algeria's first multi- 
pony elections that the Islamic 
Front was poised to win. setting off 
the violence that has claimed some 
4.000 lives. 

Islamic Front spokesmen in 
overseas exile have indirectly con- 
doned the assassination of journal- 
ists, calling for vengeance against 
the authors of murderous editorials 
and implicitly approving what 
amounted to a hit list of blacklisted 

Some Algerian journalists seem 
undaunted by the dangers and de- 
termined to improve the quality of 
the press. 

A young woman hard at work 
planning a new doily remarked that 
it really was all but impossible to be 
a professional journalist. 

“In the past we were too obedi- 
ent to those in power, too partisan 
and loo emotional," she said. "But 
1 hope we are learning, because 
without a free press the Algeria we 
want for the future will be totally 

of Hughes Aircraft, has put to in- 
teractive system on planes of 
Nonhwesi Airlines. Virgin Atlantic 

and C hina Air 

It costs about SI 5 million to 
install the Hughes system on a 
wide-bodied jeu but the trend is 
giving high tech aviation dec iron- 
ies companies a new market as mil- 
itary business shrinks. 

‘‘We had all these great engineers 
working on missiles and saidlitcs." 
said Vince Gacgula. an engineer 
for Hughes- A vkom. After the de- 
fense cutbacks, be added. Hughes 
was “in a good position to apply 
these advanced technologies to- 
ward developing interactive video 
systems for the airlines." 

Other companies are offering 
similar systems. GEC-Marconi In- 
flight Systems will begin installing 

on interactive system, also with vid- 
eo games, next year on United .Air- 
lines’ wide-bodied fleet. 

This fall. Matsushita Avionics 
Systems plans to begirt installing its 
system, complete with Nintendo 
games, on Singapore Airlines 
planes. And BE Aerospace recently 
landed the contract to install early 
next year its in-scat video system 
on British Airways' long-haul fleet 

The BE Aerospace system will 
allow British Airways passengers to 
play Sega os well as Nintendo video 
games, and it will allow passengers 
to start and stop movies whenever 

thay Pacific, China Air, Emirates. 
Kuwait. Malaysia and Varig air- 
lines. Many of these them have 
signed up for the interactive sys- 

Nintendo, whose system consists 
of 10 video games, said ti would 
coDect about S 10 million in royal- 
ties a year from the airlines, begin- 
ning in 19%. 

“For a company the size of Nin- 
tendo. that's basically a half-day's 
income, " stud Sean P. McGowan, 
an analyst at Gerard Klaver Matti- 
sot in New York. "Bui probably 
the wav io look at it is that Ninten- 
do's getting paid for running its 
commercial to a captive audience." 

Mark Abels, a spokesman for 
Northwest Airlines, said that pas- 
sengers liked the games and that 
the airline planned to put them on 
more planes. Northwest has in- 
stalled the Nintendo games on 
eight ?47-200s, used on long-haul 

flights, baggage and weather arc 
transmitted to the plane's central 
computer by an air-to-ground digi- 
tal radio link, the same system pi- 
lots use to communicate' with the 
airline’s operations center. 

In addition to Hughes-Avicom. 
Nintendo’s system, called Gate- 
way, has two hotel partners. With 
the privately owned LodgeNet En- 
tertainment Corp„ of Sioux Falls. 
South Dakota, the Nintendo sys- 
tem is already installed in more 
than 10.000 rooms of hotel chains. 

international flights, and it expects 
to add about 23 by year's end. 

they wish. 
The cus 

The customers of Hughes-Avi- 
com include most of the major U.S. 
carriers, as well as Aer Lingus, Ca- 

to 3dd about 23 by year's end. 

With the Hughes-Avicom sys- 
tem. passengers use individual con- 
trol units io select games, movies 
and shopping channels, which are 
then drawn from a computer in the 
plane's dec ironies bay. 

In coach, selections appear on a 
4-inch(IO-centimeter) — measured 
diagonally — liquid crystal display 
television screen in the back of the 
seat directly ahead. In business and 
first-class, they appear on a 6-inch 
screen attached to the arm rest. 
Passengers listen to the system on 
stereo headphones. 

Information about connecting 

Its other hotel partner. Com- 
mand Video Corp., partly owned 
by Comsat Vidro Enterprises, a 
subsidiary of Comsat Corp.. re- 
cently agreed to incorporate the 10 
Nintendo games into 300.000 hotel 
rooms nationwide, making the sys- 
tem accessible to an estimated 20 

million travelers a year. 

But for all their technical virtu- 
osity, video games may be only a 
beginning for airborne entertain- 
ment — and revenues. On the 
drawing board is airborne gam- 
bling, which Virgin Atlantic and 
Singapore .Airlines are already ea- 
ger to add to their systems for use 
over international waters. 

“We're still working our the lo- 
gistics. but we should be offering 
gambling later this year." said Lori 
Levin, a spokeswoman for Virgin. 

At present. Virgin has a croupier 
at its lounge in Heathrow Interna- 
tional Airport in London, where 
high-flyers can play blackjack for 
frequent flier miles! 


H. Neumann International 

Management Consultants 

H. Neumann International 

Management Consultants 

Our client now ranks amongst the largest bottlers of a wellknown producer of soft drinks in the world, and is one ol 
the largest franchise operators worldwide, producing, selling and distributing branded products. Currently, the 
enterprise is delivering its products to over 600,000 retail customers and serving over 260 million consumers. An 
immediate requirement has arisen for two abled and experienced 

Our client now ranks amongst the largest bottlers of a well-known producer of soft drinks in the world, 
and is one of the largest franchise operators worldwide, producing, selling and distributing branded 
products. Currently, the enterprise is delivering its products to over 600,000 retail customers and serving 
over 260 million consumers. An immediate requirement has arisen for following position: 

based in Austria/Vienna 

based in Kiew and in Minsk respectively, to assume overall responsibflrty for developing the local businesses. Reporting to 
the Central East European Headquarters in Austria, the General Managers will be tasked with setting up the sales and 
distribution network of the company respectively. Responsibilities will include controlling production supply via a joint venture 
partner, communicating and liaising with local authorities, identifying wholesale distributors within the region, setting up 
further production facilities and managing the growth and development of the local businesses. Ideally of Belorussian or 
Ukrainian origin (any other Central & East European background would be a further possibility), the successful candidates 
should be graduates with consumer products experience, particularly in sales and marketing. Essential attributes for this 
outstanding career opportunity are excellent interpersonal skills, commercial flair, resourcefulness and a high degree of self- 
motivation, as well as an effective management style. Russian language skills are an absolute necessity, Ukrainian or 
Belorussian would be an advantage. The attractive remuneration packages include highly competitive base salaries, 
performance-related bonus, executive car and local housing. Please write, enclosing a detailed CV in English, io our 
Consultant. Claudia, Daeubner, c/p Dr. Hef/hu! Neumann Management Consultants, Austria, 1090 Vienna, Guerrthergasse 3, 
phone: +(43) 1/401404)1 fax: +(43) 1/40140-77, quoting reference numbers Ukraine: 23297, Belorus: '23668. 

, • ■ ■ / .■»»"» ja,: . . 

Amsterdam - Berlin - Bucharest • Budapest • Copenhagen - DussakJorf • Frankfurt • Helsinki • Leipzig • Ljubljana 
London - Madrid • MHan • Montreal • Moscow ■ Munich - New'ftxk • Paris • Prague • Sofia - St Petersburg 
Strasbourg ■ Sydney • Tallinn . Toronto • Vienna • Warsaw - Zurich 

Main tasks of the future position holder will be to secure the best possible supply arrangements for the client's 
European operating units, inducting price/payment terms; volume/suppiy capacity; delivery terms/logistics: handling a 
budget of presently approx. USD 100m (later on 300m). Products/articles for purchase will include 
machinery/equipment, raw materials for beverage industry as well as vehicles (light and heavy; fork lift tracks). Apart 
from the obvious requisite of technical understanding combined with financial and analytical capability, candidates 
should have a proven record of experience in food manufacturing or related environment and strong negotiation 
experience with suppiers in a “bulk purchasing" environment. Senior management skills, good English language skills 
as well as desirably knowledge of German are essential. Reporting tine is to the General Manager based in Vienna. 
Selfmotivaled, creative managers with ability to think in terms of big pictures as well as spedfic project level between 
35 and 45 write to the address betow. The attractive remuneration package indudes a highly competitive base salary, 
performance-related bonus and executive car. Please write, enclosing a detailed CV in English, to our Consultant 
Claudia Daeubner, do Dr. Helmut Neumann Management-Consultants, Austria, 1090 Vienna, Guenthergasse 3. 

Amsterdam - Berim • Bucharest • Budapest ■ Copenhagen • DusseJdorf • Frankfurt - Helsinki . Leipzig • Ljubljana 
London • Madrid • Milan • Montreal • Moscow - Munich • Newlbrk - Paris - Prague • Sofia • St Petersburg 
Strasbourg • Sydney • Taflinri • Toronto • Vienna • Warsaw • Zurich 


Diversified Fortune 100 com- 
pany is seeking in-house 
counsel for its rapidly growing 
European operations which 
exceed US Si billion in reve- 
nue. Extensive commercial 
and corporate experience 
required. Must be customer 
focused and able to operate in 
an unstructured, fast-paced 
environment. Fluency in 
English, plus one additional 
EC language is required (pre- 
ferably German). Position wvH 
be located near DusseWbrf- 

Groupe Limagrain 

H. Neumann International 

Management Consultants 

The third largest seed and plant products company in the world implanted in 
1 5 countries with a turnover of 4 billion Francs and 4 000 employees 
is seeking for its head offices in FRANCE a 


to assist the Finance Vice President 

Our client belongs lo Ihe world’s top pharmaceutical groups, is based in France and was founded in 1973. The 
enterprise constitutes a coherent set ol activities committed to serving the cause of life in several business 
segments, the main one being Human Healthcare. As of the present time, all products marketed are sold worldwide 
under one brand name. The worldwide turnover of the pharma division amounts to USD 2.3 billion. 

| based in Poland/Russia 


Sand resume to: 

Automotive Systems Group 
49200 Halyard 
P.O. Box 8010 
Plymouth, Ml 40170, USA 
Fax s 313-454-6914 

FVFrrrnvES available 


The successful candidate's mission will be to assist with ail of his Croup 
functions : audit, organisation, consolidation and legal matters. 

Candidates will possess a Masrer’s Degree in economic or financial disciplines 
with 8/10 years experience gained in an international financial management 

Knowledge of American culture would be desirable. 

Fluent English and French is required; German would be an additional asset. 
The position will be based at CLERMONT FERRAND - FRANCE. 

Please send your application (CV + expected salary) to LIMAGRAIN 
Group Human Resources Management - BP 1 - 63720 CHAFPES - quoting the 
reference JLB/CT. 

Immediate requirement has arisen for two Country Managers, based in Moscow and Warsaw, respectively. The main tasks 
will be to build up, expand and manage the local pharma organization, to market, promote and sell the whole pharmaceutical 
product line. Apart from the obvious requisite of extensive managerial experience, the quality most needed in a candidate as 
a national expatriate is knowledge of the language and business mentality of the country where he is to serve, in addition, the 
candidates must understand and accept the rules of the local market economy (which require most of all the willingness to 
work both welt and much). Candidates should have a rather situative management style in order to be able to set the 
necessary actions locally. Reporting to the Head of Pharmaceutical Operations for Central & Eastern Europe, candidates 
should be between 35 and 45, hold a university degree combined w'rth pharmaceutical background, be well experienced in 
local business practice and have good Polish/Russian language skills as well as extensive knowledge in English or French. 
Good strategic thinkers with bright, dynamic, ambitious, target oriented and result driven personalities combined with 
excellent argumentation and communication skills and readiness to travel extensively will receive an attractive remuneration 
package including a highly competitive base salary, performance-related bonus and executive car. Please write, enclosing a 
detailed CV in English, lo our Consultant Claudia Daeubner, Dr. Helmut Neumann Management-Consultants, Austria, 1090 
Vienna, Guenthergasse 3. Tel.: +1/40140-0 - Fax: +1/40140-77. Reference numbers: Russia 23.615, Poland 23.616. 

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Strasbourg - Sydney - Tallinn > Toronto - Vienna • Warsaw • Zurich 



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urgenrty need-a k. - and 

The International Herald Tribune is looking for a young and 
enthusiastic person to join its Classified Advertising team in Paris. 
You should have a proven track record in telemarketing and be 
able to initiate new business as well as add to the existing client 
base. English mother-tongue and fluent French required. Working 
papers essential. 

Send full details to: Philip Orna 

International Classified Sales Manager 
International Herald Tribune 
181, avenue Charles de Gaulle 
92521 Neuffly Cedex - FRANCE 

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Page 8 

Deadly Strain 
Of Strep Needs 

Early Diagnosis 

By Gina Kol ata 

fie h- Turk Timex Service 

EW YORK - A highly 
virulent strain or strepto- 
coccal bacteria, often re- 
feired to in popular ac- 
counts as “deadly, flesh-eating 
bacteria," is making a comeback in 
the United States and elsewhere, 
experts say. 

Although the number of people 
affected is relatively small, scien- 
tists say they are concerned be- 
cause the bacteria are so dangerous 
and yet the symptoms they produce 
are often disregarded in the early 
stages of disease, when treatment is 
still possible. 

The bacteria, called group A 
strep, are reported to have cauMsd a 
dozen deaths in England this year. 

The microorganisms in their se- 
vere, invasive form can cause a fatal 
drop in blood pressure, toxic shock 
and organ failure and. in about 25 to 
50 percent of cases, in a form known 
as necrotizing fasciitis can eat away 
at flesh. Another form, called myosi- 
tis, eats at muscle. 

Microbiologists and epidemiolo- 
gists emphasize that the disease is 
rare. The Centers for Disease Con- 
trol and Prevention in Atlanta esti- 
mates that severe, invasive Croup 
A strep struck just 10.000 to 15.000 
Americans last year. But. medical 
researchers said’, five years ago it 
was almost nonexistent. 

Last week. Norwalk Hospital in 
Connecticut reported ihal two un- 
related patients, a man reported to 
be 31 and a woman. 22, were hospi- 
talized with the disease. They had 
come to the emergency room sepa- 
rately during the week or May 22. 
The man's infection was destroying 
flesh and the woman’s was destroy- 
ing muscle. The man is repoled in 
critical condition and the woman is 
" in satisfactory condition. 

One expert. Dr. Patrick M. 
Schli evert, a professor of microbi- 
ology at the University of Minneso- 
ta. estimates that there are at least 
twice as many cases of group A 
strep infection this year as there 
were a year ago. 

Rare though it may be. group A 
strep infection is not to be taken 

lightly. As many as 30 to 50 percent 
of those infected with the severe. 

of those infected with the severe, 
invasive group A strep die. research- 
ers say, and others who survive often 
require amputations or the removal 
of large areas of flesh to slop the 
bacteria's relentless spread. 

T HE infection does not re- 
semble an ordinary strep 
infection, which usually 
results merely in a sore 
throat. The group A bacteria tend 
to infect cuts or bruises or to follow 
a throat infection. 

“If you have some son of trauma, 
like a" bruise, and you develop a 
fever, you should be concerned that 
you have an infection." said Dr. 
Dennis L Stevens, a professor of 
medicine at the University of Wash- 
ington in Seattle, warning that in- 
creasing pain is also a danger sign. 

"Normally.” be said, “when 
you've had a trauma, like a bruise, 
it burls the worst in the first few 
seconds and a few hours later it 
-doesn't hurt as much. The pain is 
on a decrescendo. But if you have a 



By David Dorse y. 315 pages, 

$23. Random House. 

Reviewed by Christopher 

S ELLING is the subject of Da- 
vid Dorsev’s nonfiction book. 

O vid Dorsey’s nonfiction book. 
“The Force.” which manages to 
combine some or the chilling fasci- 
nation of David Mamet's play 
about Florida land salesmen. 
“Glengarry Glen Ross.” with the 
sympathy of that play's forerunner. 
Arthur Miller's “Death of a Sales- 

But unlike the characters in 
those two works, the people in 
“The Force" have something 
worthwhile to sell. They work for 
Xerox Corp_ maker of what Dor- 
sey calls “the single most successful 
commercial product in the history 
of American busi ness — the photo- 

Paradoxically, Dorsey suggests, 
the success was something that Xe- 
rox never really understood and so 
was unable to match with similar 
inventions. Lacking other products 

higher, vomiting, lethargy and pain- 
ful nr swollen areas of the budv. 

ful nr swollen areas of the body. 

An outbreak of severe group A 
strep in Los Angeles and Orange 
County. Calif., last winter and 
spring affected 28 children with 
chicken pox. Five died. 

Virulent group A strep was first 
described in l*>24, in an article pub- 
lished in The Archives of Surgery 
by a Dr. F.L. Meleney. who de- 
scribed 20 cases in China, which he 
treated by culling into the infected 
tissue and washing it with un acid 

to push when competitors gained 
access to the patents to the photo- 
copier, Xerox was forced to adopt 
new management techniques to 
fight for its dwindling share of the 

This is where the penple in “The 
Force” come in. They are members 
or a Cleveland district sales team 
with one of the highest success 
rales for its size in the country. 

Dorsey spent a year following its 
efforts, slaying especially close to 
the head of the team. Fred Thomas, 
of whom he writes as he introduces 

“His face was cocked, like a 
mousetrap, ready to snap into a 
smile. He handled this smile with 
nothing more than his lower eye- 
lids. his mouth hardly moving, his 
eyes doing all the work. He used it 
in varying degrees with everyone, 
until he got home in the evening, 
when he was eager to remove it." 

Fred Thomas has set a goal for 
his team of selling 120 percent of 
what it sold the previous year. If it 
succeeds. Fred will end the year 
golfing in Palm Springs. California. 
“That's the prize he’ll win if he gels 
into President's Club this vear bv 



Recognizing and Heading Off a Bare but Virulent Disease 


Streptoccus A infected by a vitas produces copious ZtwmtS of a toxin tteft » pne.ot 

agents known. The course of an infection with, this strain is variable, but there is .S^eraSy ; . 

„ a Mature <rf tho Univewi* ; 

The Hot and Cold Na ihewai«$e - 


-iheiBOSlwmplasu<±am^>uj n « racfmfcd Ml 

thmrv that the original recipe or “V. biown as dark roauet: 

whefher ft fea strep infection. 

crescendo pain in the place where 
there was a surgical procedure or a 
trauma or a bruise, that's when you 
should seek medical care.'' 

The reason for warning about the 
strep is that it con be treated with 
penicillin or a substitute, clindamy- 
cin, if it is recognized early, said Dr. 
Patrick M. SchLevert. a professor of 
microbiology at the University of 
Minnesota. Even a few days' delay 
may be fatal. He added that preg- 
nant women and their fetuses some- 
times get infected, and so any preg- 
nant woman who gets a ’flu-like 
illness should see u doctor. 

The reason Tor warning about the 
strep is that it can be treated with 
penicillin or a substitute, clindamy- 
cin. if it is recognized early enough, 
said Dr. Patrick M. Schlievert. a 
professor of microbiology at the 
University of Minnesota. Even a 
few days' delay may be fatal. 

Dr. Schlievert said cases nr seri- 
ous group A strep infection, which 
in IW killed Jim Henson, the cre- 
ator of the Muppets. cropped up 
almost out of nowhere around 1987 
and seemed to slack off in 1991 and 
1992 for no apparem reason. And 
then, he said, “there was a major 
increase this year.” 

The bacteria that cause the dis- 
ease resemble the common strep 
that live in almost everyone's throat 
and that often cause strep throats in 
children. But the deadly strains of 
these bacteria are infected with a 
virus that directs them to make a 
toxin. And it is the toxin that con- 
verts the strep bacteria from fairly 
benign to deadly. 

Dr. Schlievert said the severe 
group A strep invaded areas of the 
body that were already injured, like 
the site of a bruise, cut or surgical 
wound. The bacteria consume pro- 
teins and glucose, which pour out of 
damaged cells, he said. And once the 
bacteria Mart to attack, they can be 
relentless, killing or maiming within 

One man in Toronto, who nicked 
his finger sharpening his ice skates, 
developed a strep infection in the 
wound, which quickly moved up to 
his armpit. Schlievert said. The man 
felt ill for several days and went to 
the hospital complaining of fever, 
vomiting and swollen lymph nodes 
in bis armpit. He was sent home. On 
the fourth day, he was admitted to 
the hospital, deathly ill. The bacteria 
had “literally eaten away all the tis- 
sue of his arm,” Schlievert said. “It 
proceeded to eat away all the mus- 
cles on his upper arm. shoulder and 
back." The man died. 

Group A strep can also infect 
chicken pox blisters. Dr. Schlievert 
■said. When this happens, the child 
develops a fever of 101 degrees or 

Strep Strep now . 

chromosome mates toxin 



irtserts gene- 

• DNA • 


.* .Pstteni.ifrfected.. 

through sore throat er. 

. * pfesymproms (sore. . 
. .lfci^ l T^er'«'eic.)v 

theory that the «|p£ kms ingredient known asdark 

cold and hot versions of the ^ ^ - 

An astrophysics lea **J*'£^ m Jit would be sea 

supercomputer to visuatK the v j olehl events. v-^l. 

Sail emitted by superbot ^ ;a.fcast98’:- 

ln the last decade, many ^ ttcr: invisible material ttfW : 

Streptococci divide ' 
every 45'niinutes 

» Fever rises 

• Swollen lymph nodes; ' 

• Rash . 

• Worsening of syrnpfems 

Window of 
for penicillin , 

• Continued division and 
' toxin-production- 

. . .. 

m \~? ~ 

•* Worsening of previous ■ 

• symptoms 

♦ Fever above 

ia danger signal 

SSare emitted by crawto believe that A-teast?8’:- 

ln the last decade, matter: invisible material ef**; 

percent of the «“"£n3v Amu* its - 

unknown nature, detected thi all this matter 

observations sown ^SJ^ventJuvaSiodd shewed that a fiwpfajft 
iL.i h, i/i no hiph enerev. Eventually. . ^ itu> nvemne ■ . 

of smallpox Virus 

—Thft cmaUDOX vmlS, whicb «» * 

9 25-50% ot 
victims suffer 
destruction of 
tissue or muscle. 
a Poor circulation 
may lead to 

. .. .v •!_ 

X. — ■ 

• Very high fever {IQSS^F 
or above) 

• Severe drop In Wood 
pressure - - 

• Blue hps 

• Blue nail beds 

• Dizziness on standing 

• Impaired circulation 
and blood dots 

♦ Continue antibiotics, 

' intravenous fjuk&ant! 

electrolytes y V: 

• Remove dead fteshanci •. 

health officials ^ Usefutto««. ; 

ftom tte United Valeri • 

knowledge about o^-diseasj ^ declared eraj&tv 

The disease, oneof 

Sotsve:Dr.PaOK*M.Scfiaevertt ■ 

The New V«wt Time, 

Clues to Minoan Volcanic Eruption 

Risk to Female Spouse of Smoker 

WASHINGTON (NYT) — Women who do not smoke ™ t ore mjniat • 
toSSSSStaveiSi but increased risk of dfeydepmg.^a^Z; 

* nS’SdrSKL in The Journal of the Amerie uft-jfejai ^ 
Affiodaiton^wnds findings reported three years ago Trom pn 
d^The study found that the risk of 

women with spouses who smoke was about 30 percent . 

lifetime than for those with nonsmoking, sponses. : r : 

This is a relatively small nsk Mmpared wVh that erf 
themselves, whose risk is 30 to 40 times higher, stud Dr. 

Fontham of the Louisiana Slate University Medical Ceos # • 
Orleans, who led the study. . 

Bv Waller Sullivan 

.V t ,i )WA r,i»irt "Jen i, i 

MACEt> 3 NIA< 

EW YORK — Ash believed to be 
from a great explosive eruption 
that buried the Nlinoan colony on 
the island of Santorini 36 centuries 
ago has been extracted from deep in an ice 
core retrieved lust year from central Green- 
land. Its depth in the core indicated that the 
Aegean eruption, which may have given rise 
to the Atlantis legend, occurred about 1623 
B. C. 

t N \"sT*Ni 

I GREECE; .a .-£****• 
**sr Aegean ■<-* * 

■ 'Sm. - . , v 


^ j-. • * - 

From the top half or the core, evidence has 
been found of 400 volcanic eruptions in the 
past 7.000 ycar.s. The ash spewed into the air 
was high and voluminous enough to reach 
Greenland. ab*">ut 3.500 miles (5.6ii0 kilome- 
ters) away. A prominent ash layer at a depth 
corresponding to 4S03 B. C. may have come 
from the eruption in Oregon that destroyed 
Mount Mazama. leaving the giant caldera 
that is now Crater Lake. 


Ionian "* 

Mediterranean Sea 

Tbf '.-fi Voit rims 

Results of the analysis were reported in 
the journal Science by Dr. Gregory A. Zie- 
Itaski of the University of New Hampshire 
and colleagues at the university and from 
the Army’s Cold Regions Research and En- 
gineering Laboratory in Hanover, New 
Hampshire, and Pennsvlvania State Univer- 



events recorded for the past 2.000 years were 
matched with known eruptions. This was 
true, however, of only 30 percent of the older 
record, to 7.000 B. C. 

The Greenland core records 18 massive 
eruptions that took place from 7.000 to 9.000 
years ago, depositing unusually heavy layers 
of ash. The earliest exactly dated eruption 
was that of Vesuvius, which destroyed Pom- 

persisted long enough to stunt the growth of 
oak trees uTlrish bogs and of bristlecone 
pines in the White Mountains of California, 
producing lightly packed tree rings. 

Uncovering the buried city on Santorini 
was first stimulated in the 1860s when it was 
found that the ash made ideal waterproof 
cement. Shiploads were exported to build the 
Suez Canal, but not until 1967 did large-scale 
excavation of the buried city begin, to be kd 
for many years by Dr. Spyridon Marinatos of 

The demise of the Minoan civilization has 
long been a mystery and for many years Dr. 
Marinatos attributed it to ash clouds, earth- 
quakes and tidal waves from the Santorini 
eruption and the collapse that formed its 
caldera. More precise datings, however, indi- 
cate that the Minoan decline on Crete came 
many years later. 

The eruption, however, was clearly cata- 
strophic and many archaeologists believe 
that flooding and burial or Akrotiri. the 
Santorini city, could have been the basis for 
Plato's account of Atlantis. Layering in 
walls of the Santorini caldera show that it 
has been the scene of many catastrophic 

Tracing the Origin^; 
Of Early Hunters 

By John Noble Wilford 

New York Times Service 

The study was part of the Greenland Ice 
Sheet Project 2. which extracted an ice core 
from the entire thickness of ice at Green- 
land's summit. A second core extracted near- 
by by a European team is also being ana- 

peii and Herculaneum in A. D. 74. preserving 
their precious frescoes under a blanket of ash. 
The same thing happened 16 centuries earlier 
at Santorini, which is also known as Thin. 
The island was buried under ash that in 
places was more than 900 feet f 270 meters*, 
preserving wall paintings that document in 
vivid detail the Minoan way of life. 

Wall paintings on Crete, die chief Minoan 
center 75 miles to the south, were not similar- 

P LATO'S account is the primary 
source of the Atlantis legend. He 
attributed the account to Solon, an 
Athenian statesman of an earlier 
century. Many elements of the story seem 
improbable, such as an attack on "Greece 
9.000 years earlier b> warriors from an 
island. “Atlantis.” in an ocean beyond 
the Pillar* of Hercules * the Strait of Gibral- 

Yet Plato's description of the destroyed 
island refers to many features, like the pur- 
suit and sacrifice of sacred bulls, that were 
hallmarks of the Minoan civilization of 
Crete and Santorini. 

The Atlantis invaders, said Plato, were 
defeated when there were "violent earth- 
quakes and floods: and in a single day and 
night of misfortune all your warlike body of 
men in a body sank into the earth, and the 
island of Atlantis in like manner disap- 
peared in the depths of the sea." 

Because wind systems in the Northern and 
Southern Hemisphere are somewhat inde- 
pendent, most eruptions evident in the 
Greenland ice have been attributed to volca- 
noes in the Northern Hemisphere. But there 
are exceptions. One in about A. D. 177 is 
believed to have been at Taupo. New Zea- 
land. whose ash may have risen almost 40 

ly protected from weathering, earthquakes 
and tidal waves and have been a major resto- 

Ash layers in the core have been identified 
by their sulfur content. Fifty-seven of 69 

and tidal waves and have been a major resto- 
ration challenge. 

Ash from the Santorini explosion has al- 
ready been identified deep in sediment layers 
on the floor of the Eastern Mediterranean, in 
the Nile delta in Egypt and in parts of the 
Black Sea. 

There ore also suspicions that its ash cloud 

EW YORK — The re- 
mains of a butchered 
mastodon found in sedi- 
ments deep below a river 
in Florida ore surprising but strong 
evidence, scientists say. that people 
were bunting and butchering large 
animals in eastern North America 
12200 years ago. hundreds of years 
before any sign of similar activities 
in the WesL 

The discovery raised questions 
about current ideas that the early 
hunters, arriving from Asia across a 
land bridge in what is now the 
Bering Strait migrated first to the 
American West and later to the 
East. It could also undermine the 
hypothesis that everburning by 
these newcomers, swiftly drove lire 
elephant-like mastodons, mam- 
moths and other prehistoric ani- 
mals to extinction. 

A team led by Da rid Webb, a 
paleontologist at the University of 
Florida in Gainesville, found the 7- 
and-a-half-foot (2. 3- meter) mast- 
odon Lusk buried in sediments in 
the Aucilla River near Tallahassee. 
Radiocarbon testing of gourd seeds 
with Lhe tusk put the age at 12.200 
years, the researchers said, making 
it the earliest known butchering site 
in North America. 

composed mainly of : ‘ 

found near the tusk, as 
tools and weapons wi&getHnehk:'/ 
inscriptions. Partly digesledg&s» 
from a mastodon's st^ad^-Woe.: 
well preserved in a pea t&kpfrxiu 
in sediments 3Q feet uj&a sfrtec, 

“This butchered maskjdtH^ta^ 
is doubly significan LZ T&^etshr_ 
said, “because its disobvei^ ia; dp 
eastern United States, 
other dues in the sdea^dreamL ' 
suggests that North A^ficafsfrr^ 
residents may havt opgrawtf 
lower latitudes through 
passage rather that thrbngh f 
Far West, as triditfonal^ 
thought." - 

. ' ...Vi 

T HE caril^ ey|(kMe fw _‘ 
large .game iaiitmg : m 
what ttitinrithe testem 

dated at II.SOOyrarsm^Thrffi^ 
linelive spear poinf& wtJjfifEiMt- 
ers were first identified rathe! 920s 

near Clovis, New Mexico: and^o 
have become known aS-'dava" 
points. No weapons of this $tyk 
were found at the Florida ate., 

Six slash marks at the jaw line 
indicated that the tusk had been 
sliced out of the animal’s skull by 
people with knives. A used flake of 
chert — a fine-grained, lough rock. 

An earlier presence of humansin 
eastern North America has been 
suggested by some tantalizing clues ; - : 
of camp sites in Pennsylvania and: 
Tennessee, each possibly more 
than 12.500 years old. and of some ” 
stone tools of that period discov-^ 
ered in Little Sail Springs near Sar- 
asota, Florida. r ' ' 

Dr. Webb described the Aiictlb 
findings at a recent meeting of the .. 
Society for American Archaeology..' 


that permits people “to do oulra- 

• AJastair Little, a British chef 
who runs his own restaurant in 
London, is reading T. R. Pearson's 
'Vt Short History nf a Small Place. " 
“It's a really good American 
novel, with a real ear for dialogue, 
lots of Southern drawl. Its one of 
the few quality books I allow my- 
self — mostly it's just airport 
jaunts. I’ve read several of his 

books, the others were racier, hut 
this deals kindly with madness." 

{John Bruntun, IHT) 

geous things" and thereby expose 
their emotions to manipulation. 

their emotions to manipulation. 

Not that liking Fred Thomas is 
ample. As Dorsey warns us. Fred 
manipulates his friendships; any 
good salesperson does. In Fred’s 
encounters you never know wheth- 
er friendship is serving salesman- 
ship or the other way around. 

repeat himself, or to add too little 
when he sets out to explore a sub- 
ject more deeply. 

By Alan Truscott 

A LTHOUGH the Cavendish 
Club is but a memorv. the 

topping his sale* goal. He feels 
about Palm Springs the way others 
may have felt about Canterbury or 
Jerusalem or Mecca. One’s man 
prize is another man’s pilgrimage." 

Fred will do anything within cer- 
tain bounds to achieve it. 

rior to him. He pul himself beneath 
other people in order to win their 
trust and affection." 

What makes the reader care 
about Fred is the same quality that 

makes his customers buy from him. 

As Dorsey writes: “Fred’s nuivc 
exuberance disarmed people. Peo- 
ple trusted him because he allowed 
and encouraged them to feel supe- 

So you tolerate Fred's restless- 
ness and endless complaining to his 
wife about his frail health and im- 
pending failure. 

You put up with the mind games 

he plays with his team, and with 
himself bv submitting to thedown- 

himself by submitting to the clown- 
ish nagging of his sales leader. 
Frank Pacetia. whom Dorsey 
shrewdly analyzes as acting to cre- 
ate “a culture of ironic phoniness'* 

To make him even more interest- 
ing. Fred is torn between the old 
way of selling, which was to manip- 
ulate customers regardless of their 
needs, and a new concept or busi- 
ness called Total Quality Manage- 
ment, which involves understand- 
ing what customers need. 

Dwsey raises this conflict to 
mythic proportions by following 
Fred’s wife, Kathy, to church one 
Sunday morning, where she hears a 
lengthy sermon on the Grail legend 
whose point is to identify the con- 
flict between mindlessly pursuiag 
success and seeking to know of 
your neighbors’ sorrows. 

The Grail legend as a metaphor 
for selling photocopier?? Yes, the 
burden of Dorsey's metaphors oc-' 
casionally weighs too much Tor his 
subject. He also has a tendency to 

More troubling is that you are 
forever nagged with questions 
about the author's vantage point. 

If Dorsey was there when Fred 
and Kathy had one of their period- 
ic spats, how did his presence affect 
their conduct? Did they puli their 
punches, so to speak, ia deference 
to his project? And how did he 
know what Fred said when “he 
launched into one of his manic so- 
liloquies" while driving back to the 
office after dosing a sale? 

The false pretense of being an 
invisible camera's eye continues to 
be one of the most unsettling as- 
pects of what used to be called the 
New Journalism before it got old. 

Still, despite such distractions. 
Fred's quest for his Palm Springs 
Grail remains highly compelling. 
By the lime December rolls around 
you find yourself rooting hard for 
him, and you share his euphoria 
when one of his customers says yes 
and all his self-doubt evaporates. 

Zi-Club is but a memory, the 
name rises like a phoenix’ each. 

A trophy for the Cavendish 
Teams has been presented by Jack 
Dreyfus, founder of the Dreyfus 
Fund. On the diagramed deal, 
played in a Chicago game at the old 
Cavendish, be managed the South 
cards skillfully in six clubs. He had 
shown a hand of great power by 

doubling the three- bean opening 
and then jumping to five clubs. His 
partner's raise to slam was a rea- 
sonable shot, and the contract" 
would have been easy with a nor- 
mal diamond division. 

The opening heart lead was won 
with the ace, and South drew: 
trumps and cashed the A-K of db-- 
monds. East's discard of a heart, 
gave him something to think about, 1 ' 
and he took more trump winners, * 
carefully preserving dummy’s re-V 
maining diamond. The ending wa$r c 

* A Q J 4 
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Christopher Lehmann-Huupt is 
on the staff of Hie New York Times. 

Borh sides were vulnerable. The 


East South W«t North 

J ■ Dbl. Pass 3 * 

Pass 5 * Pass e * 

Pass Pass Pass 

Wesi Jed the heart two. 

On the dub nine West was 
forced to give up a diamond, and 
South took a spade finesse. Hethffl- 
ed a diamond, and West ha# u> 
lead from the spade king at the . 
finish to give Dreyfus a vwJl^aftffid 







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International Herald Tribune, Thursday, June 9 f 1994 

Page 9 

THETR ,b INDEX: 112:83 ft 

280 intematioMif 1 W Tr,bui 2? Worid Stock Index ©, composed erf 


Approx, 33^ 

dose JE4jPiev. J3:ss 

Appro* woghmg-37'a 

Close T12l5Piw.:1l1i0 

North America 

Approx, weighting' 2G% 
Close: 93.68 Prewp 93.39 

Latin America 

Appro*, wighbng: 5% 
Dose: 1)83 hPmv.: 122X6 

Disney Bids High 
On Issue’s Price 

Compiled hr Our Stuff from Dnpuh hr t 

PARIS — Euro Disney SCA wants to price its planned sale of new- 
stock at 10 French francs (S2) a share — higher than most analysts 
expected —'despite a prospectus that painted u gloomy outlook for 
the theme park. 

The Euro Disney rescue plan centers on the $1.1 billion rights 
issue. The exact price will come in negotiations with underwriters. 

At a special shareholder meeting convened at one of the park's 
hotels Wednesday, the company's finance director. Michael Mont- 
gomery, said shareholders would be able to subscribe to seven new 
shares for each two shares held. 

The company’s theme park near Paris, opened in 1W2. had 10.5 
million visitors in its first year, 500.000 fewer than expected. In the 
second year, the figure fell ro 9.8 million, and it is running well 

behind even that pace now. 

Euro Disney Chairman Philippe Bourguignon said the shortfall 
for the year ending Sept. 30 should be smaller than the company’s 
$900 million deficit of last year, but he made no firm e»umaies. 

Even after restructuring, Euro Disney will have 52.8 billion of 
consolidated debt, or nearly triple the shareholder equity. The 
restructuring plan, reached between Euro Disney and 61 creditor 
banks in March, includes forgiveness on interest payments and some 
fees and royalties by the Wall Disney Co., which owns 49 percent of 
the stock. 

In the first half of- the current financial year, attendance fell 6 
percent to 3.) million, and spending was down 7 percent to an 
average of 229 francs a person. 

From April 1 to May 21 of this year, visits fell even more sharply, 
by 21 percent, to 1,460,000. 

Prince Walid ibn Taial ibn Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia last week 
announced that he and United Saudi Commercial Bank, which he 
chairs, would take a stake of between 13 percent and 24 percent in 
Euro Disney. 

With such gloomy prospects and the Paris market currently- 
depressed, analysts said raising the capital would have been very 
difficult. f Reuters, AP, Bloomberg) 

OECD Signs Accord With Russia 

By Alan Friedman 

Inter auiu^mi Herald Tnhu/tc 

PARIS — The world’s richest in- 
dustrial democracies began charting 
j new course toward closer econom- 
ic tio in the posi-Cotd War era 
Wednesday, signing a cooperation 
deal with Russia and approving 
plans to forge new links with South 
Korea and lour former Communist 

countries in Eastern Europe. 

Government ministers attending 
the annual meeting of the 25-na- 
tion Organization for Economic 
Cooperation and Development 
hailed the accord with Russia, 
which calls lor the OECD to help 
Moscow develop a market econo- 
my. Warren M. Christopher, the 
U.S. secretary of slate, captured the 
sense of a new direction when he 
urged the group to seek “a broader 
role” in the world economy. 

Mr. Christopher's main point, 
which won wide acceptance among 
officials at the Paris meeting, was 
i hat the OECD, with its unique 
abilities in economic analysis, 
could “be a model and an instru- 
ment of wider integration in the 
post-CoId War world.” 

In one sense. Mr. Christopher 
said, this was a return to the origi- 
nal aim of the Marshall Plan, the 
OECD's predecessor. He said the 
need was for the OECD to function 
not only as a forum for policy anal- 
ysis but to help complete the unfin- 
ished business of postwar recon- 
struction at a time of accelerating 
economic change. 

This was especially apparent in 
the cooperation accord with Rus- 
sia. signed by Foreign Minister An- 
drei V. Kozyrev. Mr. Kozyrev said 
Russia would be looking to the 
OECD for advice on its legal sys- 
tem and on rules Tor foreign invest- 
ment, banking and privatization. 

some of these nations would join • OECD members endorsed free 
along with South Korea, which has trade as a way of promoting «n> 
applied for membership and is like- nomic growth and pledged to push 
W to join by ibe end of 19%. through ratification of the Uruguay 
Mr. Christopher said that a more Round accord of the General 
far-reaching OECD, coupled with .Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 
the North Atlantic Treaty Organi- this year so that GATT could be 
zation, would “strengthen the secu- transformed on Jan. t into the 
rity and prosperity of an undivided. World Trade Organization. 

de ?S?^lc^ U A pe ' i • Delegates agreed to ask the 

. *~f *2? a * S'* a ^ s ? OECD to prepare detailed reports 

t^Jean -Claude Paye. the OECD on post-Uruguay Round issues 
secretary-general, who said the or- suc f, ^ between trade and 
gmuzaiton could play a role along- i mcra ationaUv recognized labor 
side the United Nations by guaran- Slandardjii lra je and environment, 
teeing world economic security. t rade competition law and poi- 
- — ■■ - ■ — — i , icy. and trade and investment. 

M .-.. . * Government officials af the 

« ennstopner meeting singled out the jobs studv 

pnsp was a return tn L or P™ 5 * llDd “d die Group of 

ease* a return to Seven industrialized nations had 

Marshall Plan. a&ed * or further work on links 

* between technological change, pro- 

ductivity growth and job creation. 
Diplomats said it was significant The jobs report will be discussal at 
that the meeting's final communi- the G-7 summit meeting in Njples 
que stressed China's growing im- next month, 
po nance in the world economy and The one major issue left unre- 

promised to explore prospects for solved was the choice of a successor 

Separately. Sir Leon Brittan. the rity and prosperity of an undivided. 
European Union’s trade commis- democratic Europe.** 

si oner, said talks on a cooperation 
deal between Russia and the EU 
had reached an advanced stage. 

Sir Leon said the text of the ac- 
cord. which will cover trade, scien- 
tific and political issues, was nearly 

Secretary of State Warren M. Christopher 
said the move, in one sense, was a return to 
the original aim of the Marshall Plan. 

complete and could be signed by- 
June 24 at the summit meeting of 
EU leaders in Corfu. Greece. Se- 
nior officials in Brussels said plans 
were being made to invite President 
Boris N. Yeltsin of Russia to that 

In another move that under- 
scored the decision of OECD mem- 
bers to transform the Paris-based 
think tank into more of a bridge 
between developed and emerging 
economies, ministers agreed to 
push ahead with talks on member- 
ship for the Czech Republic. Hun- 
gary. Poland and Slovakia. 

They said it was possible that 

This was a theme also sounded 
by Jean-Claude Paye. the OECD 
secretary-general. Who said the or- 
ganization could play a role along- 
side the United Nations by guaran- 
teeing world economic security. 

‘dialogue and cooperation." 

to Mr. Pave. Informal talks were 

But Foreign Minister Dick held, but one foreign minister said 
Spring of Ireland, the co-chairman he did not expect progress until after 
of the meeting, said Beijing's re- the European Unioli this month 
cord on human rights could ham- chooses a successor to Jacques De- 
per closer relations because the or- lore as head of the European Com- 
ganizaiiotv’s members had to be mission. 

democracies, market economies 
and respectful of human rights. 

The front-runner for the OECD 
job is Donald Johnston, a Canadi- 

The United States has been lead- an who diplomats said had the 
ing a drive to reform the OECD, backing of at least eight countries 
Mr. Christopher died its long- representing more than 50 percent 
awaited unemployment study, of the body's annual budget. . 
which contained numerous policy Of three declared European can- 
recommendations and was en- didates — Nigel Lawson, the for- 

Hong Kong Aims W eak Hose at Hot Home Costs sSS 

JFMAMJ j f m a m j 

. 1983 1894 1993 1994 

i-J Wold Index 

The index tracks U.S. doBar values of stocks In: Tokyo, New York. London, aid 
Argentina. Australia, Austria, EMgfian, Brazil. Canada, CMe, Denmark, Finland. 
Franca, Germany. Hong Kong, Bely. Mexico. Netherlands. New Zaefamd, Nonray, 
Singapore, Spain. Sweden. Switzerland and Venezuela. For Tokyo. Novi Yhf* old 1 
Lcndon. the Index is composed of Itm 20 top issues in terms of market cap/taBzation, i 
othen«e Pm ten lop stocks are tracked. 

Industrial Sectors 

international Herald Tribute Critics say speculators and de- 

HONG KON G — Backing away velopers i n Hong Kong have exac- 
from a standoff with property de- erbated a chronic imbalance be- 

Critics say speculators and de- nearly half of the Hang Seng stock 
velopers in Hong Kong have exac- index is property-related and 41 

velopers, the government an- tween the supply or land and in property, the options for coun- 
nounced a mild package of reforms demand for it that has caused aver- tering prices are few and risky. 

nearly half of the Hang Seng stock its currency to the U.S. dollar, it 
index is property-related and 41 has little ability to exert monetary 
percent of local loan portfolios are controls or manipulate interest 

property, the options for coun- rates to cod the local market. Its 
ring prices are few and risky. interest rates track those of the 
“Hong Kong is in a troublesome United Stales. 

Plans to increase the amount of of 1994 alone. 

land available for development in 
the crowded city and to impose 

If the new measures fail to cool 
the market, the government said it 

Ewqy 1Q9.60 109.76 -0.15 

matte H9.21 119.55 -Q2B 

Hnance ns$4 1I7J7 4057 

Services 118.17 117.85 40.19 

Capital Goods 
Raw Materials 
Consumer Go ods 
MB c eflaneous 

115.03 114.95 40.07 
126.40 125.81 40.47 

9796 97.96 Undl 

124.04 124.04 Unctl. 

Far more information about the Index, a booklet is avadable lme of charge. 

Write to Trib Index. 181 Avenue Charles de Gaufle. 92521 Neidfy CedeK France. 

<o bttwnBtmnai Hon*] Trfam es on speculators. 

new obstacles to property specula- would consider steps such as punj- ffaw . 
tors were the strongest measures live duties on short-term resales Kona's his 
announced by Tony Eason, the sec- and high taxes on vacant and os- ° 
retaiy for planning, environment lensibly hoarded premises. ,„ He add 

and lands. “We want to be prudent, we J“,5* r ? en 

But despite tough talk by the want to be balanced, we warn to be 1,0,0 s inD 
colony’s governor, Chris Patten, moderate at this stage.” said Mr. mon 8 a Se 
that set off a 10 percent to 15 per- Eason, defending a policy criticized 1 ^ „ 
cent fall in residential-property by local consumer groups and lu > cajs - 
prices over the past two months, newspaper editorials as not strong Analyst 
the govenunent balked at new tax- enough, to rtdl. back, prices. . . and the l 

dilemma.” said Paul Schulte, re- 
gional strategist with CS First Bos- 
ton. “In 1986. a flat would cost 
about 60 months’ salary; now the 
same flat will cost 125 months* av- 
erage salary, the highest in Hong 
Kong’s history.” 

He added: “Similarly, in 1986. 
38 percent of the average house- 
hold's income was dedicated to a 
mongage payment. In 1994. it is 
just under 80 percent, the highest in 
10 years.” 

Seeking a haven from inflation 
and the fear of currency deprecia- 
tion at home, mainland Chinese 
investors have poured into Hong 
Kong’s property market in recent 
years, accounting for a significant 
portion of the boom. 
f Any move to expand the Hong 
Kong government's land sales be- 
fore 1997 will require China $ ap- 

Beijing has strongly urged con- 
tinued economic stability in Hong 

In a volatile environment where 


Analysts said events in China ,n « frect «*king no change 

and the United States were more “ “* «*» , relationship among 
likely to affect prices than the mea- P 1 " 0 ^' developers, banks and ibe 
Mires announced Wednesday. government 
“The most important people in ® ut j* stands to collect 100 per- 
Hong Kong's property market in cenl °f die lake from land sales 
coming months are Alan Green- 8,19 1997. compared with 50 per- 
span and Deng Xiaoping.” said Ar- ceni in the current arrangement, 
chie Hotl research director at according to Mr, Han. who said he 
Crosby Securities, referring to the expected the Hong Kong stock 
chairman of the U.S. Federal Re- market to respond positively to the 

Vietnam’s Transition Shows Promise 

By Kevin Muiphy 

International Herald Tribune 

H ANOI — The ragtag fleet of 
heavy trucks from the former 

Eastern Bloc, generally fight blue 
or gray with leprous rust spots, 
has not changed much in 15 years. 

Almost everything else that matters, 
though, has changed at the Thanh Ban Brick 
& Tile Factory, a state-owned enterprise that 
is gearing tip for eventual privatization and 
perhaps a listing on the stock market that 
Vietnam plans to open next year. 

Aided by Vietnam's crazy building boom 
and its young, self-taught capitalist manag- 
ers, Thach Ban typifies Ihe steadily successful 
reforms under way in the country’s state- 
owned industrial sector. 

“ Almost a new factory has been built here 
in recent yean,” said Nguyen The Cnong, 
Thach Ban’s director and senior m ana ge r. 
“And I myself have changed as well, through 
r eading and overseas visits.” 

Improved technology, job cuts and expan- 
sion into related fields have allowed Thach 
Ban to sell its product line for a 10 percent 
premium over its closest competitors while 
mitiring its first-ever profit in 1993 and at- 
tracting investors from abroad. 

Where 700 employees once worked, 450 
are on the payroll now, 300 of them produc- 
ing bricks at double the old output The rest 
are involved with Thacb Ban’s fastest-grow- 

and tile factories. 

As Thach Ban upgraded from hana-maae 
bricks dried in the open air to machine-made, 

kiln-fired bricks, its Owner, the Ministry of 
Construction, charged it with helping other 
brickworks modernize their operations. 

While that mission opened up a major 
income stream, it added some headaches as 
wdL Other factories sometimes have been 
unable to pay for equipment purchased 
abroad by Thach Ban or for the management 
training it provides. 

“We are much tougher now,” Mr. Cuong 
said of the bad debts, whose total he refused 
to disclose. “If they can’t pay on time, they 
don’t get the technology.” 

StiU part of the Ministry of Construction, 
Thach Ban has been largely freed of its ad- 
ministrative bureaucracy and separated from 

Free-market measures 
have been easier to 
implement in Vietnam 
than in many other 
socialist economies. 

a ministry-owned ceramics company called 
Vtnacera as the government has sought to 
give managers more autonomy and close 
companies that cannot survive. 

“This has been an important factor in 
allowing us to expand our business,” Mr. 
Cuong said. “The government is letting man- 
agers, not bureaucrats, gel on with the job. 
but it sufi is trying to help us with our 
financial problems.” 

From revenue of Sl-7 million last year, 
Thach Ban expects to expand to S5 million 
this year and S7.5 million in 1995. Mud) of 
thegrowth will come from the sale of technol- 
ogy and training to other brickworks around 
Vietnam. Mr. Cuong also expects profit — 

which he does not disclose — to continue to 
grow, but at a slower rale, citing the bad-debt 

While Thach Ban and the state-owned sec- 
tor in general still face serious difficulties in 
adjusting to the market environment created 
by Vietnam's doi mol, or economic liberaliza- 
tion program — new capital is especially hard 
to come by — market measures have been 
easier to implement here than in many other 
socialist economies. 

In 1989, the state-owned sector accounted 
Tor only 23.7 percent of Vietnam's gross do- 
mestic product and 7.7 percent of its work- 
force — much less than the typical govern- 
ment share in Eastern Europe, the former 
Soviet Union and China, according to World 
Bank studies. 

In addition, Vietnam's state employees nev- 
er had a system of extensive welfare benefits 
Kke China’s so-called iron rice bowl, which had 
to be supported by private enterprises. 

Also, while China must continue to prop 
up unprofitable businesses through contin- 
ued lending by slate-owned banks or risk 
soda! instability, Vietnam has been liquidat- 
ing such businesses and seeing workers from 
ibe stale sector find jobs in the booming 
private sector. 

The number of stale-owned enterprises has 
Shrunk from about 12,300 in 1989 to about 
6,000. with as many as 2,000 businesses liqui- 
dated and the rest merged with healthier 

“Of course there is resistance to change in 
the middle ranks of the bureaucracy: no one 

wants to lose ao easy job, but most people 
agree these reforms are going well,” a West- 
ern economist with long experience in Viet- 
nam said. 

serve Board and China's leader. 
Because Hong Kong has pegged 

government’s moderate measures. 


of work that could make the orga- chequer. Lorenz Sehomerus, a 
nization more relevant to senior German Finance Ministry official, 
policymakers. and Mr. Pave, the incumbent — 

Among other actions Wednes- only Lord Lawson is thought to 
day: still have a chance. 

France Telecom Joins 
Loral Phone Venture 

Compiled Ik Our Staff From Dispatches 

PARIS — France Telecom said Wednesday lhat it would join 
Globalstar. the satellite-based mobile telephone SNstem. via a joint 
venture with another system member, AIcalel-Alsthom. 

The system was set up by Loral Corp- and Qualcomm Inc. 

France Telecom said it would have 5 1 percent of the joint venture, 
called Tesam. and the Alcatel unit Alcatel Spacecom would have 49 
percent. France Telecom is investing $37.5 million, amounting to 10 
percent of Globalstar, the company said. 

Globalstar service providers include PacTel Corp-- Deutsche' 
Aerospace AG, Vodafone Group. PLC, Dacom Corp.. Hyundai 
Electric Industries Co. and Alenin SpA. 

Separately. Sprint Corp. said news reports about terms of a 
proposed partnership with France Telecom and Deutsche Telekom 
had contained “significant inaccuracies." 

Both The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal suid in 
their Wednesday editions that the European telecommunications 
companies were considering investing as much as S4 billion in Sprint 
as part of a global expansion plan. I AFX, Knighi-Rulder ) 

Cost of New German Scandal Put at $2 Billion 




Cross Rates Junes 

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A^ovnem m 242 IM W'iW 1 UM* UW U*' UBS UBS* 

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Eurocurrency Deposits 


Doitnr fWtartt Franc 





June 8 






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; aostnm to Aim#*** London. Ntn York tmdZM 

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p«rf Gartner Petrs Cnracv Per* 

, CamfiCY p «r» Gfttepne. aaso • miw uu s.Atr.n»d 3A17 

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j AratroLS KW».WHtt WM2 Monir.krooo 72215 SunAkraM 79fl8 

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i- Sg"SS ,^55 tlWfcrWWl WUtt POIIWZWV 52777 TMHM 2S^ 

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X2W9 SaMttvai MSB* MMZ.boAV.l6tm 

JSSSf “» “- 1 u " 7 

Sources: Reohn Lkryds eank 

Hake oootkaUe to Meraanfi dmostts of SJ mHHtn minimum tor eouhnuoti. 

Cvrrmar Per $ 
NLZtielMdS um 3 72215 
PtriLOHO 27.13 
PomnzMW 32777 
FvVmwdo 17X22 
Russ, route WU6 
SancHrhol XHB* 
SUO.S 1J317 

Corrocv For* 
5. Air. rand 1617 
S.K9T.WWI 806.10 
SMC. krona 7438 
Ttbn s 27jn 

TbaJbOM 25J25 
Tvnddilra 32667. 
UACdtrMM 1672B 
V«MZ.teAV. 1*140 

Key Money Rates 

United Shrtei Close 

Ottawninm 3W 

Prime rote TA 

federottaoea 4U| 

Srooidiicns ixi 

Comra.HMraBdm *Jt> 

hnouk Traamv W*l 4.11 

1-roarTreesarvbin <J4 

lyoar Trouonr note 5.76 

5-roar TranwrooM Ml 

7-narTreasanrmM 646 

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tumx tMnstetdunli H&mmrlU nk IBnmtchVs Beam Cammerelote Hattono 
IFadoli W Tokyo trokyeH famXBon* at om> 
data from RautmondAP. 



Bank base rat* S‘a Pu 

CoUmoaev 5 n 

I -moot* IntcrDank 5 5JB 

7- moots hUerbaBk 5 *- 5*z 

*-nwnlti Interbank 5 . 5%. 

16-war CDt 8.J7 843 


laHnwUtoo rate 5 JO 5.30 

eon ipeMv 5 \ 5Vj 

1 Moalb Interna ok 5 % 5 

Interbank 5% 5^ 

6-moMH iBtarbaaii 5H 5 


Sources: Reuters. Btoomocro . Merritt 
Lynch. Bank or Tokyo, Cotnmerroank. 
CrwNihMff Nkontaou. Owf<( 6.HWKH&. 

Zwteli 3S12S 38U5 fOX7 

London mi.w 18145 + O.M 

**«* York MM 3800 t0*0 

IL5, Pottocs oec ounca. ttpnowt otilaoi «*- 

tnas; Zurtaiom Ne» York cvenmpantieiea- 
kmprtetts Mon York Come t {Aitovsti 
Source: Hooter* 

By Brandon Mitchener 

Iniemuiunal Herald Tribune 

FRANKFURT — Banks and in- 
surance companies will be hit with 
as much as 4 billion DeuLsche 
marks (S3 billion j in losses in Ger- 
many's third major financial scan- 
dal in liule more than six months, 
prosecutors said Wednesday as 
they disclosed details of a scheme 
in which top managers of Balsam 
AG. a leading manufacturer of 
flooring, speculated in financial 
markets using borrow-ed funds. 

Balsam’s four-man monagemeni 
board was arreted Tuesday on 
charges of fraud, tax evasion and 
forgery aimed at covering up years 
of losses Trom normal operations by 
gambling in financial derivatives. 

Balsam is one of the world's big- 
gest manufacturers of artificial sur- 
faces for tennis courts, running 
tracks and other sports facilities. It 
employs 1.500 people worldwide 
and had annual sales of about 460 
million DM in 1993. 

Two other recent financial scan- 
dals that have rocked the German 
banking industry — the bankrupt- 
cy of the property developer Jurgen 

Two in Japan 
Lead List of 
Costly Gties 

tTfiVf FruHie-Prcwi 

GENEVA — Tokyo and Osaka 
are still the world's most expen- 
sive cities, according to a survey 
conducted by the consulting firm 
Corporate Resources Group that 
was released Wednesday. 

The survey was based on prices 
for a “baskei" of more than 150 
goods and services in various cit- 

Using New York as a base of 
100, Tokyo wj.% listed as the most 
expensive at 2M. followed by Osa- 
ka at 194. 

Other cities more expensive than 
New York included Moscow ( 133). 
Buenos Aires t i 25). Zurich. Taipei 
and Hong Kong lull at I23t and 
Geneva \ 122). 

Paris, at 108. was jum ahead of 
Berlin 1 104) and London 1 1‘>3>. 

The cheapest cities in the survey 
were Harare, Zimbabu e. at 6$. and 
New Delhi, at 70. 

To substribe in France 

just call, loll free. 

05 437 43? 

Schneider AG and the near-col- 
lapse of the big German blue-chip 
industrial and trading conglomer- 
ate MeiaJlgesellschafi AG — have 
also involved allegations of fraud 
or derivatives speculation. 

order to plug the company’s oper- 
ating losses. 

Prosecutors said KJaus-Detiev 
Schlienkamp, Balsam's chief finan- 

Earlier, prosecutors said that dal officer, who was dismissed 
Balsam's chief financial officer had Wednesday, confessed to having 

told them that the company had 
been bankrupt in its operations 
since the mid-1980s. 

The three cases are alleged to 

have involved fraud of a kind that Prosaauors continued their in- 
German banks and credit supervi- vesugation on Wednesday as the 
sion authorities now seem increas- company's supervisory board. 

submitted forged orders to Procedo 
Gesellschaft fur Exponfactoring. 
the main lender to Balsam. He^aid 

Prosecutors continued their in- he l i? ed *** P a > fIIKnls 10 speculate 
vestigation on Wednesday as the on markets to cover up 

inaVv helpless to thwart. oversees the management 

board, dismissed Balsam's chief fi- 
The Bielefeld prosecutor’s office, nancial officer and asked for court- 
wbich specializes in corporate appointed assistance, 
criminality, estimated that Balsam while the Herman Stock Ex- 

criminality, estimated lhaL Balsam 
owed 50' German and foreign 

While the German Stock Ex- manager at a leading 
change initially shrugged off Tears bank told Bloom her 
of large loan losses, market players News. 

banks as much as 1.6 billion DM. A 0 f large loan losses, market players 
Wiesbaden-based facionng com- worried openly that the Balsam 
pany that did business with Balsam scandal would weigh on German 
faces an additional 2 billion DM ban jj shares still recovering from 

operating losses. 

The other board members deny 
involvement in the alleged scum. 

“It leaves you speechless," a lop 
manager at a leading Frankfurt 
bonk told Bloomberg Business 

Taces an additional 2 billion DM 
loss. No single bank is expected to 
lose more than 100 million DM. 
banking sources said. 

Bloomberg Business News 
quoted German banking sources as 
saying that the Balsam managers 
were suspected of counterfeiting 
audit statements to verify bogus 
receivables, then obtaining loons 
that were invested in sophisticated 
derivative financial instruments, in 

the two earlier scandals. 
Bankruptcy experts said the inri- 

Procedo. one of the biggest fac- 
toring companies in Europe, is half 
owned by Mainz-based Allgemeine 
Kreditversicherung AG. of which 
two big insurance companies. Al- 

dence of fraud and other forms of ^ an? and Munich Reinsurance 

C ? mjpU ?l} ? w, ' , “S y AG. in turn own 25 percent each, 

along, with the ude of overall corpo- 
rate bankruptcies in Germany. Such Factoring companies assume the 

cases are heading toward a record responsibility for collecting debt 
16.000 this year as many companies owed to their clients. In this cose, 
discover that they exhausted their Procedo paid Balsam hundreds of 

savings in ibe current recession, the millions of marks for orders that 

country's worst in decades. 

apparently did not exist. 

A true collectors item. 
The only coin watch 
for the connoisseur. 


Mattres Artisans d Horlogerie : 


S& ¥ 


The Coin watch by Corum. handcrafted from a genuine gold coin. Water resistant 
For a brochure, write to: Corum. 2301 La Cham-dc-Fonds. Switzerland. 

- i 

Page 10 

j 95 SHF 


u 7 s./attmeci^ 

Computers Pace 

Vio Aiso*iati<d Pr«j 

Dow Jones Averages 


Daily - - 

Dow Jones industrial average 

m " 

Open High Low Loss Cta. 


HIM Uw W** S** 1 * ° n ’ W 

Hewiett-Packard <£*£*52^*, 

I nans 37*5 IS J767.29 27M.99 3744.42 
Trans 1*15.32 I4P3T T6C6.06 1612.90 —1.10 
Uhl 187 . 72 IS’ 6* IS* 00 104.44 — 0 J3 ■ 

Comp l MO. 07 1310.75 13WX9 tMSx? _j.jg 

Compiled by Our Stuff Fr/yn Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Slocks reman- 
ed Wednesday. led by tumbling 
technology issues, after the bond 
market succumbed io renewed sell- 
ing pressures. 

Shares of smaller companies 
fared worse Lhan their bigger coun- 

U.S. Stocks 

terparts. and computer issues were 
particularly weak. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age, which meandered at modestly 
lower levels for much of the ses- 
sion. closed to.46 points weaker at 
3.749.45. It slipped 1161 points 


The average had been up as 
much as 11.08 point 1 ? Wednesday 
and down as much as 13.08. 

The Nasdaq over-the-counter 
market where numerous computer 
and related stocks are traded, suf- 
fered the steepest losses, and the 
index tumbled 9.50 points to 

Selling intensified in the stock 
market when a bond rally faded in 
jbe afternoon. The benchmark 30- 
year Treasury issue was down near- 
ly a quarter point, which caused the 
yield to edge up to 7218 percent 
from 7.26 percent Tuesday. 

The bond rally, sparked when 
Federal Reserve Chairman Alan 

Greenspan said inflation had re- 
mained well behaved so far during 
the economic expansion, lost steam 
as traders turned their attention to 
the outlook for economic growth, 
which often generates inflation. 

Trading in both stocks and 
bonds was relatively subdued, how- 
ever. with investors unwilling to 
commit themselves while awaiting 
economic data due over the next 
few days. 

Declining issues outnumbered 
advances by about 6 to 5 on the Big 
Board, and volume totaled 256 mil- 
lion shares, up from 234.2 million 
on Tuesday. 

Computer companies skidded 
after Merisel, a computer distribu- 
tor, said earnings would be sub- 
stantially below investor expecta- 
tions. Its shares tumbled 6*i to 
I (Hi. 

The computer sector was under 
further pressure as investors braced 
for the release scheduled Thursday 
of a monthly report on semicon- 
ductor orders. Intel slumped V-* to 
59W. Texas Instruments fell 3 1 ? to 
76'i. and Cirrus sank 2?* to 30V). 

Some analysis cautioned that the 
rout in semiconductor shares may 
have been os erdone, as there is nor- 
mally a lull in chip orders in the 

(AP. Reuters, Bloomberg b 

Standard & Poors Indexes 

High Law Last do. 

3800 J 

f u 




TV qnss 

42&.1C i?3 0S J33.44 —1.14 
4iV4 455 aa 457.06 —1.15 
534.75 529.58 530X0 —107 
392 1? 3S»K 191.71 -1.01 
1S7.CH 153.99 1 56.04 - flXi 

U 54 4477 44.47 * 0.03 

NYSE indexes 

High Law Last Cits. 

Tran sp. 

254.30 55153 253.09 —0X2 
3I1.*5 309.04 J1Q.02 — 1 Ob 
’4623 5J7.19 -a*8 

710J7 20fl.EE 209 JS -0.14 
2)9.93 213 53 219.11 -0.25 


DM Ash 

aluminum mwi Cf«M> 

Dollars «r nwJTJCW" _ — 
Soot 135050 1351-S 

Forward U»J» 1MOJB0 

Don on per netrtc 
Spa) 227WO gIM 

gSwOrt 737100 237 *M 

Fanuartl 531X0 53100 


Forward ^5.00 «*>" 


ar"”ssiso >5 

Fcrwafd «« SM 

ZINC ISpecial HWtCrtM*! 
Forward 983.00 

Did As* 

) J43 50 1344S 
1373X0 137X50 

7259 JO get JO 
227X00 2271 JX 

499X0 £M 
51*50 5T7X0 

421000 522000 
6300X0 611000 

551500 5525X0 
559500 5400.00 

s iss «§ »§=§ 


"L.JSS.JST. SS-.«" 

tS M 88 1 & 1539 

g£ IIS US ItS Hg +§$ 

SS i£* 7 its IA7J IKS tin 

S W. ES US iSSttS 

; ^EsT. volume: 4015 ■ Own W- «<■* 1 

Kidder Peabody said. „- rrcn t of central brains 

hands waidngfortne^™ . ; 

Kidder Peabody said. percent of central brains 

(mei supplies more ihun is she saaitffagfr;.; 

Phonal computers. He*«> 1 'Tdowr of (to leading makers of itaHF/ 

j X3m putercc3nipanytnibeL.i- v ; 

workstations. . ... ._ . 

95000 951 JO 
975X0 97SJOI 

Stock Indexes 

HM LOW aw OW* 


D J F 

1993 . ... 

A M J 


NASDAQ Indexes 

High Low La? Ota 

NYSE Most Actives 





Fi nance 


"37.74 7JS J1 *74.05 — 9.4*. 

751X4 741 41 742,40 — *22 
740.40 744 J7 74S38 >0.05 
910.67 905.73 904.03 — 5.45 
94441 944 JS 944.4® — OB? 
701.55 4« 30 494 30 —7^5 






Compaq 5 

S31S3 IS'-M 















— \ j 



24 V. 








40 1 .- 





— 1 






— J- e 




31 'v 


— 1'ai 













Malaria s 


45? ■ 








r 1 

Orcu-j i 



27 V. 


1 A 


1*3 ?0 

76 ‘V 



- '% 






— * i 

AM£X Stock Index 

High low Last Ota. 
443.23 440.W 440.75 —'.74 

-- r Stow Jones Bond Averages 

20 BanOS 
10 UtitillK 
rs industrials 

NASDAQ RSost Actives 

NYSE Diary 

Another U.S. Official 
Talks Dollar Into a Fall 





Nwst4 s 


Gnrtufr s 



AoidJV’.l s 

DSC s 






















7 1 *. 

’’ ; 

— J, a 





— 1 a 





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22'- ii 






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Toictl tssuos 
Now Hiatts' 


95* 90S 

1176 119(1 

*08 73? 

2820 281* 

34 32 

79 30 

AMEX Diary 

Bloomberg Business Vtftti 

NEW YORK — The dollar fell 
to a Lhre>week low against the yen 
Wednesday when Commerce Sec- 
retary Ronald H. Brown added to 
the tough talk about trade sanc- 
tions against Japan. 

Mr. Brown's comments, coupled 
with remarks on Tuesday from the 
i.'.S. trade representative. Mickey 

Foreign Exchange 

Komor. convinced many traders 
that the U.S. is willing to press for a 
strong yen to curb Japan's trade 
surplus if current negotiations fail. 

"The Clinton administration 
says it isn't using the dollar as a 
tool, but no one believes them." 
said Dave Glowacki. senior trader 
at NBD Bonk in DeiroiL "People 
are going to be nervous until the 
trade talks are over." 

The remarks rattled traders be- 
cause the U.S. Treasury went to 
great lengths last month to rescue 
The dollar. 

“It's scary because ii looks like 
the right hand doesn't know what 
the left hand is doing." said David 
Si>i in. a partner at Foreign-Ex- 
change Analytics. "There’s a lack 
of coordination on trade policy and 
dollar policy.” 

The Ginton administration has 
“done a brilliant job of confusing 
the market aboui the U.S.-Japa- 
nese trade situation." said Chris 
Furness, an analyst at IDEA, a 
currency-market consulting firm in 

The dollar fell to a three- week 
low of 103.650 yen just after Mr. 
Brown told reporters in Paris that 
the use of sanctions against Japan 
“should not be ruled out." It closed 
at 103.950 on Tuesday. 

The U.S. currency rose against 
the Deuische mark as traders sold 
them for yen. a strategy that often 
requires the sale of marks for dol- 
lars and Lhcn dollars for yen. The 

dollar rose to 1.6685 DM from 
1.6667 DM. 

Mr. Glowacki and others are 
convinced that the White House 
will turn to a strong-yen policy if 
negotiations again fail to bnng 
down Japan’s trade barriers. Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton and his aides said 
last year that a strong yen would 
curb" the surplus by making Japa- 
nese exports more expensive. 

Elsewhere, the pound closed at 
51.5110. little changed from 
51.5095 on Tuesday. The dollar 
rose to 5.6S30 French francs from 
5.6810 and to 1.413 Swiss francs 
from 1.41325. 

AMEX Most Actives 




Tail! iSim". 
Ni?«v Hiqns 
! Me-* Law, 

249 »0 

31 'J 315 

-eS 027 

70 22 

ia 13 

VoL High Low Losf 






— -a 






■ ’“s 



?7'- u 



- 4 B 

TWA vtg 


S' 1 



— I 1 -'. 



20' 1 




Via: wIE 





4 ’■ 

’Aac wIC 




i:' M 

» ' .5 




2B* s 

- ’ 4 




16 J i 

— ‘ M 







TcvfOj iSSJ.'L-i 
n«a Hignt 
New Lows 

Ctoso Prru. 
1433 13*3 

174? 17?? 

1060 1096 

5032 5031 

?5 72 

90 8? 

Spot Commodities 

HM) LOW Clow anw 


C4M IWO . p» Of 1M PCI 

jun W.7B 94.75 W-77 

94.63 94 JS 9440 * 05)1 

Si 9172 93.79 + 0J1 

5S 93-19 93J55 O.H +0^ 

TTi 9159 92.48 9155 + 0.01 

=22 9207 91.99 9205 -fltW 

9IA8 9158 9U5 +OW 

SS 91-37 91-28 91 J4 +OW 

9 LIB 9100 9T.14 +0J7 

sS 90.94 mMt 90.94 + 007 

JK; 90L76 9057 9073 +0^ 

Itor W53 90.43 ,„ +M7 

ESI. volume : *1231. Onen ML: 527,130. 


FI mlllloii- Bison## PCt ' 

jun KO nc »Sf +aoi, 

sS 94-92 9450 9*90 +MJ 

5(!c 0*33 94 J6 9428 + 002 

S£r 9*10 WO* W-07 +U 

7l® N.T. N.T. »30 * U» , 

Cb N.T. N.T. 9157 linen. I 

Esi. volume: 434 Ooen (nf; 11024. 


DMl mmion - pb of io# pa ; 

jun 94-92 9408 9*90 + 002' 

9*90 9*91 94.97 +OB, 

Dec 9*06 «*71 9401 -‘■OOg' 

J£ar 9*6J *450 9**1 +0-“ 

jUD 9&3A 04.15 9*24 T 0.07 1 

c2= 9195 9305 93-95 4- OHS 

D« 9172 9358 9172 

Mrn- 9153 93*3 9152 +002 

5ST M WS + ooi 

Sin 9119 9114 9116 —002' 

Dec 9102 9253 9300 + 

iJtar 925* 92.74 9200 UncH. ; 

ESI. volume: 150518. Open ml.: 992-22?. 


FF5 million - fltS Of 100 pa _ . _ • 

Jun 94.65 94.47 94 45 +IW 

I 56P 9451 W.45 9450 +2^ 

uc 9*33 9*25 9*J2 -007 

Mcr w.» 9*oo 9405 +0CC 

jSl 9160 9330 9179 +1W 

Sep 9352 93.43 9351 1-000 1 

Dec n_r 9123 913' - JOB i 

SSr 93.14 93.0* 9113 +00*1 

Eil. volume: S3J6*. Ocen inf.: 211324. 


(50JM0 - pti A 32nfl» M 100 Pd 
Jun 103-09 102-01 102-31 t1-0- 

Sea 1020= 100-12 101-24 *1-08 

Dec N.T. N.T. 11)024 t l-« 

Esl. volume: 8*470. Ooen Inr.: 131235. 

dm mmn - pts onoa pci 

sen 9115 9253 92.93 1-050 

DM 9200 9200 9230 - 066 

Sea N.T. N.T. 9«JB ■*■02*' 

Est. volume: li.781 Ooen lot.: 131578. 
FF5005W- fits oMOO pet 
Jua 118.10 1170* 11754 i-O.M 

S*o 11724 116.14 11658 +0*4 

DtC 11*00 115J2 11*00 * 054 

Esl. volume: 319815. Open ml.: 1*4,752. 

hm UP* awe 


Jon 2^2 553 +3 ?jj 

!£ ® Sw \+v* 

td. volume: 25091- Open Ml.: «1J»- 


!:” w f s H IB 

mk +^J 

sSS t*T NX 207SO0 +&W. 

Sir: N.T. »■»+»■ 

Esl. volume: 33571 Open Hn.: 79J59. 

World Bank Approves <3rina 3 Uaim y 

worm r r Vor y Bank said ^^sesaw-tf:-; 

,o ^ Ute 


new road- ^ mj jj ioni u1 n be used to «^j«^&^ 

China's forests through the establishment b p .“ , 
land and other measures. • 


Sources: Mofll, Asspclotea Press. 
uZdOrt inti Financial Futures GxBmoe. 

UitlPolmitum Encnanoe. 


Per Amt Par 

a JO 7-20 

k M M3 

CflttrptlUrir* 0 ~ 

Frteflmcn Indus - ■ ns 1 13 


Sporto SwpmmI ^ * 40 *‘ 17 

K-firsf can divuutna. 


M 05375 6-17 
Q 05 A- 17 
. JO 4-15 
O 59 +Z7 
Q .12 *-24 
Q 0175 4-17 

Boeing Sues Airbus on Wing Patent^ 

ccaTTI w Reuters) — Boang Co. has sued .Aabus Iadttsntt«il^. 

i-pw—y ■ *;gKESf K 

Ito aSi« « a Pjicntt d^ iSja MK , 


feeing declined to say what kind of corapensaaon itwus^^og.^.- 

Amer Coe mce 
Brusn Weiinwn 
Coraimi Bnchsrs 
Fedl RmntrmvT*- 
F busted Indus 
G m otile I ndia 


Notions Gvtlnc2003 
Notions Gvt I ncSOOd 
Preferred inco Fd 

Premier 1 nous 

Snyder Oil 
TJX COS , . . 
Teleptwne OafaSvs 
Tstnwefon GttUtli 
Un) Marts lnc 
WOttoce CotrSvc 
Zen Lx Inca Fd 

M 5*1 4-23 
M 8*1 6-23 
V. AS4 4-23 
M JM 4-17 

M J» 4-17 

M £a 5 *-i* 
5 -02 *-24 

Q 32 7-20 

M .1025 6-23 
M 89 4-23 

M jD 7B5 4-22 
a .10 4-23 

Q .16 *-20 

C 025 *-15 

Q JJ& *-15 

O .18 8-11 

O -09 4-17 

M .as 4-16 

0 95 6-29 

a .1* 9-1 

M JM 623 

PaineWebber Offering Repaymeal y 

NEW YORX (Bloomberg) — pa £ e ?^ bbf * Gr ^P^ 
would contribute S33 million to a SI bilhOT 

repay investors who had losses money on the funds hphhn^.^iqhrl?. 
also said it would buy ^ 

owned bv the Shon-Tenii U.S. Government Income Fund joS agreedm. 
Principle to settle class-action liugauon by some fund ravestiMit.-^f^ 7 
Government bond funds are rated AAA and conadered-MiMft^- 
safest of investments. Paine Webbers short -term Jam o vas 
cause its mortgage-backed bonds were as especially nsky type Gtueriva-: .- 
uve. a security whose value is based on the .value of sortie' other] asset- ; 

a-omnxri; p-a oroh le W CBaMHon tunes: 
manttiiyi tHWWTwiv! s-«mMmrajoi 

K-ffl Buys D&B’s Dataquest Unit • 

NEW YORK t Bloomberg) — K-Ul Communiwiioiis 
Wednesday it had acquired the Machinery Information TMTjdon,'wfe^'' ■ 

BtSarbeS Sales 

A mn 
In millions. 

Aluminum. 13 
toiler. Ero^. 13 
Cor-oer rlectralv 1 ic. 13 
Iron FOB. :on 
Load. 13 
Silver. Ira, 04 
Sleet iso-Vi. Ion 
1 Tin. 13 
1 Zinc, lb 


High Low Lost settle cttbc 

U5. dollars per metric niHoh of 100 ton* 

I Jun 14680 14X75 14JJ5 14X75 — X7f 

Jul 14750 14550 145.75 14*0C — 1 ~S 

Aug 14950 U780 147.75 147 75 —IOC 

Cenaio offering* of •miiiiiet. fiuacis) 
•ertnze* cr sr rertsa « real est*e jwfcfahed m 
•hij nevjpiper art no( sorthoriied fai certain 
icrjJi.-tiucj in *-!ach ihe I n i e Tn * B?n*l Henld 
7®et ii Jiimca:ed. ioslcjing ihe United 
Sia:s* of A cencx and do n« comiiioie 
oifcnagi cf iccv.Taies. services or inicresu ic 
tteM jttrtsJitlionc. The Intenalkmal Henld 
TnNL-n »»»« or- roponstilitj vluiMievrr 
Stje; jd iga gsw a r fix ofien np of a? load. 

provides information on heavy equipment to the construction indiMii} , . 
of Dun & Bradstreei Corp.'s Dataquest umL . .. " " >* ; '• ,£ - 

Terms of the purchase were not disclosed, although an 
executive familiar with the transaction said X-III had paid abow S^ ^ 
million. The purchase was K-firs third acquisinon in the past hkthAi- ? 

K.-IIL controlled by the buyout firm Kohl berg. Kravis, Robera&CcL 
said the acquisition fit its strategy of buying co m pan i es in specific mariet 1 ' 
niches in three bustness segments: magazine publishing, educaikmand . 
information. ...» 

BLumbert: Business Sun '■ 

PEORJ.A, Illinois — Caterpillar 
lnc., buoyed by expectations for 
continued’ strength in the heavy 
equipment market, doubled us 
common stock dividend and rec- 
ommended a 2- for- 1 stock split 

The market was unimpressed, 
however, xs the company's share 
price fell S 1 .625 to 511*4.375. 

The company'* board raised its 
quarterly dividend to 30 cents a 
share on a presplit basis from 15 

cents, payable Aug. 20 io share- 
holders roistered as of July 20. 

It also recommended ihe stock 
split, which will be considered at a 
shareholders’ meeting Aug. 5. 

Caterpillar’s quarterly dividend 
fluctuated over ihe past decade be- 
tween 12.5 cents and 37.5 cents a 
share before finding a stable level 
at 15 cents in early 1991 

in the first quarter of '.his year, 
net income rose more than fivefold 
to $192 million, or SI. 39 a share, 
from $34 million, or 3^ cents a 

shore, a year ago. Caterpillar said 
its sales 'in the first three momhs 
rose 18 percenL including o 2? per- 
cent increase outside the United 
States, as dealers increased inven- 

The trend continued in April, 
when dealer orders for construc- 
tion. machinery rose "very signifi- 
cantly” from a year earlier, accord- 
ing to a Natwest Securities Corp. 


This year Caterpillar said it 
would hire and recall as manv as 

1.000 workers because of higher- 
than -expected demand for its ma- 
chines and engines. 

As the Caterpillar board meL a 
strike by as many as 2.000 members 
of the United Auto Workers ai the 
company’s plant in Aurora. Illi- 
nois. entered its second day. 

Large Investor Opposes L AL 

CHICAGO (AP) — UAL Corp.’s second-largest slureholder^aid;. 
Wednesday he planned to vote against the proposed employee togtaifcdf : 
United Airlines' parent company, saying die deal did -not ofteiens^r 1 ';'-" 
cash to shareholders. • • 

John Neff, portfolio manager of Van^oard-Wmdsor FuodsJnt.,vcfeelt - - 
frustration over the deal which would give empl<^e« an^&d-^:i: 
percent stake in the airline in exchange for wage and other oratces^Mis.'; 
Vanguard-Windsor controls 9.7 percent of UaL’s 24-4 nuffiwt^isagt ’ 

Mr. Neff said he would vote the portfolio's sharesTffijiihfc^flie tfcah'' j.' 
unless the unions sweetened thetr offer. The vote is icoutiJ^sSoSlaf 
for June 30. and the buyout could be completed July j? -• v v • l 

To »ub»oibq in Germony 

; jsj coil, tali rree. 

C-" 3*2 Sa 85 35 

For the Record . ■ 

Chry sler Corp. said it had built 204.132 cars and oudaiB^tjUtfited 
States and Canada last month, up 12.9 percent from 180.552® jbe fike . 
year-earlier period. . . 1 

AgMXn France PfMMl Juno 8 
Close Pt*v. 

VU; AiKKic-wi 

C-vCVjn 3&1 Stir. 

Iragn LC- 

C&S-- “.-5? LT* CcVf C?S -s — 


3ec scr. 














T M 











:: r 











" M 






• HO* 



9l IBOCecW 




■: jj 


: r -5 







90750 Ator 96 

93 320 




*&I4 Amra Hid 
ACF HOlJin* 
Ah olo 
AV:c Nobel 




E lie. ter 





Hunter Dowlas 

IHC Colana 

inler Mueller 

inn NeaerlonO 




Oce Grinien 




Robe co 




Poval Dutch 

Van Om merer. 

- VNU 

wallers -Kiurver 
EOE Index : *0*50 
Previous : 40508 



















89 JO 09 JQ 

Slock mann 



HEX index : I74*X4 
Previous : 175*58 

Hong Kong 

Bk Easi Asia 
Calnov Pacific 

Cheuna Kong 
China Llohl Pttr 
Dalrv Fonn Inl'l 
Hano Lung Dev 
Hana 5eng Bank 

Henacrsor Land 

Hr. Air Eng. 

HK. China Gas 
-HK Elecirlc 
HK Land 
HP. Really Trust 
HSBC Holdings 
Hr. snong Mils 
HK Telecomm 
HK Petn 
Hutch wnomDoa 
Hvsan Dev 
Jordlne Main. 
JordlneSIr Hid 
Kowloon Malar 
AAondonn Orient 
Mlrcmar Hole? 
Hew World Dev 

5HK Proas 
Swire Pac A 
Tal Cheung Pros 

Whari Hold 
Wing On Co mil 

Wimor I nd. 

AG Fin 





Cotie oa 






Power Un 
Hayai Beige 


2700 2*75 

46E0 4700 
7MJ 23JO 
24*25 24a00 
Ii 1B7 107 

S9*0 *000 
1352 1350 
5B00 5750 
1570 1J40 
4450 *420 
9100 9200 
4730 *760 
to™ 10725 
3150 3110 
5150 5190 

3*75 16.75 
11J0 1120 
3450 3X50 
41.75 41.75 
10-43 1050 
1350 1X50 
5X50 5350 
4150 *0X5 
4X25 43-25 
1X90 15B0 
24 30 2190 
2150 21.70 
22.40 22.40 
B7 0* 
1X31 1X20 
15 15 

1350 1X20 
3250 3225 
2230 2220 
5950 60 

3125 31.25 
15 14 00 
I US 11 
2220 2220 
2*70 7*20 
52 5250 
1*3 3A3 
5BJ0 se50 
11.70 11 *0 
350 143 
3050 3025 
11.70 1170 
11^0 11.10 
; V291.ll 

Land 5ec 
Las mo 

Legal Gen Grp 
LWvds Bank 
Marks Sp 
Nol'l Power 
NtnWst Wafer 
P 40 
Rank Org 
Red land 
Reed I nil 
RMC Group 
Rolls Rorce 155 154 

Rortimn (unit) 192 352 

Royal Scot 4.15 *00 

P.TZ *- 

Seal Newcoj 
Scot Power 

Severn Trent 

7 46 
__ 137 

4.40 459 

559 555 

*04 *53 

*29 450 

*24 4.17 

4J4 *70 

438 «52 

4.40 *22 

4*5 *49 

' ” 136 



*14 7.9? 

4.90 *09 

053 857 

155 154 

uu BJ1 
3.95 355 

550 532 

356 353 

151 1-20 

5 *.90 

*95 6.9’ 

*67 553 

Smith Nephew 151 152 
SmlthKIIne 8 192 359 

Smith IWHJ 
Sun Alliance 
Tale & Lvle 

Thom EMI 1X79 10.60 

TSB Grown 
Unilever 10.10 951 

Uld Biscuits 


war Loan T-v 4X13 4X13 

4.92 *94 

XT? 11 1 
4.14 *15 

XI0 XI 1 
1X79 1050 

X2B 132 
X18 X09 

10.10 951 

XT* 3J4 
5.10 X1B 

Williams HdBS 345 350 
Willis Corroan 159 151 

Air Liauidc 
Aiairer Ala thorn 

Boncolre [Ciei 




Cl merits Franc 
Club Med 

Euro Dlsnev 
Gen. Enu» 


Lofaroe Copoee 
Lyon. Eoux 
Oreal (LT 
Mlchelln B 
Pechinev I nil 
Pernod- Ricard 
Plnaull Print 
Rn- Poulenc a 
R Louis 
Sam! Go be In 

Ste Generals 

Thom son- CSF 

CAC 40 Index : 204X51 
Previous : 202174 


Amcor 9J0 «.*0 

ANZ *16 411 

BHP 1X62 1X40 

Baral 350 350 

Bougainville 0.92 055 

Coles Mver 4 3* 4.16 

Como Ico 551 5^0 

CRA 195* 1X74 

C5R 458 450 

Fosters Brew 1.15 1.13 

Goodman Field 158 150 

ICI Australia 11 ll 

Maocllan 1.90 2 

MIM 110 109. 

Nat Ausi Bank 1156 1173 

News Coro 9-00 X?0 

Nine Network 4.75 *00 

N Broken Hill 355 X5B 

Pac Dunlap 43* *30 

Pioneer hot xos 103 

Nmndy Poseidon X22 X18 

OCT Resources 1.43 1X3 

Santos 3.89 185 

TNT 14* 139 

Western Mining 7.95 756 

Wedaac Bonking 451 45? 

Woods KSe *51 4.40 

All ordinaries hide* : 207950 
Previous : 207050 


Cera A 

CCL .nd B «v* 

CIpopIo *55 


Con west Exdi 22*. 

CSAMolA 111 m 


Dylex A 053 

Echo Bay Mines U'.? 

Eanlfy Silver A 053 

FCA Inti 3LBJ 

FedlndA *ii 

Fieicher cnail a 17*. 

FPI * 

dwtro 0-50 

Gulf cao Res 4*5 

HNS mil 14 


=P iCrt N.a Toe's soes 20470 
Tuescoenlrs 130.1 M up 1*31 
COCOA INCSE) ■Jr-V'cSra.wu-'ar 



n umb 

1 J<0 

*9* Jul AI 





-73 23X24 



"vn- a^3". VXJV7- 

nx xii"- ^3- -:a»A 

1533 Sec *4 





,27 33X36 

l 336 


Jul 94 


1341 Sec »* 







j 15”. 




147-.; 3*3'. 

JJS? LSI'-: 

J.S5 • ? n--. 

• r 


1577 MAT 95 











3J6 : -i34' : 

15 336 






! 3J? 


Var ?; 


3X1 ;J4 

iJV'i -vJ: 



1125 J>X 95 




1 3i0'-> 


3.40k. - aK 



"j& Sep95 






Jul 95 


', I? 3J7 

4 J1 -004 . 



1290 Dec 95 


♦ 74 


Dec *5 

141 s. -BOt'i 







Bd. sates 7CUKC Tuu-s-saes 16.451 
Tuesppenirt 515*3 up 156* 

WHEAT (KHOT) !*xe >. mrnin. csiic-s w oww 

!■? Jut 94 3J6’: 146'. 3JS’ : ia'1 -X0*» 

E*. sales 1130? Tue's sales 134S3 
Tue's open Int 75.131 C« 747* 

ORANGE JUKE (NCTNt IL000N*.- umiAorl 

X5S’ ; 3C2^Sea«* 3X1 148»-j X41 3 45 -00* 

4.75 *00 
355 35S 
45* *30 
XUS 103 

Hernia Gld Mines like 

Hudson's Bov 

359 185 
14* X39 


Ikes 1820 

Inca 35 

Jan nock l*’y 

UrtaH 21*-2 

Lob law Co 22% 

.Mackeruie 9*» 

Magna Inti A 5* 

Maple Leal 12*v 

Maritime 2S’t 

Mark Res 0*8 

7/41 Ison A 221s 

NomoIndA 5'« 

Noronda lnc 25 

Noranda Forest 1248 

Narcen Energy 14'- 

Nthn Telecom 42>» 

Novo Caro N O. 

Oshowo 2BtS 

Pogurln a 3X0 

Placer Dome 29"*i 

Poco Petroleum 10 

PWA Corp 0.40 

Ro/rock 10 

Renalsscmce 2W» 

Rogers Q I9s» 

Rothmans 74 

Raval Bank Can 7FV. 


Sao Paulo 


So-: Gen Bonaue 0300 H200 
5oc Gen BeMrtlue 23*5 2270 
-Solino 1S17S 15225 

Sol wav 1 5300 T4*S0 

Tracieaei tooso ioooo 

UCB 24500 2*01)0 

Union Minlere 2*90 2*55 
Current Stack Mjtfe* : 7431J9 

Previous : 7&84JH) 



Allinn* Hdc 






106.30 186 

HdC 2447 2*27 
*45 *25 

1000 1040 
31X00 ?)4 
371 *0 347 

Bay. HYPO DOT* 427 *30 

Bar Verelnsok *49 *4930 
BBC 71070* JO 

BMP Bank 39*40X50 

BMW 816 817 

CommersBor*. 33000 325 

Continental M25XS0 

Daimler BeiR 80*50 W* 

Otfluua 510 JO 512 

D1 Saucoch 3*7 JO 2SQ 
Deutsche Bank 737SO74100 
Daugias _ 56* 558 

Dresdner Bonk 37*3)37X50 



Anglo A mcr 




De Beers 





High veld SI eel 

Nedbank Grp 



5A Brews 
St Helena 

Western Deep 

26 7 * 

120 121 
22X50 223 

■S8-50 3X75 
XBS 025 
47 JO 4X50 
11*75 111 

5*30 56JS 
1000 10X0 
116 112 
24.75 24 

28 28 
S3 4X25 
2? JO 28 

41 40 

*2 90 

9 A 50 94J0 

43 42 

2*65 2*50 
166 1*5 

BBV 3170 3155 

Bco Central HIsp. 2«05 28B8 
Banos Sarrt antler *850 <700 

Banes la 


Drag ados 







1025 to» 
3340 3300 

2305 7300 
*350 *340 
217 231 

1020 1000 
4265 4225 
4100 <050 
1885 1890 

Banco do Bras.l 3* 

Banespa i; 

Braaesco 1X*( 

Brahma 55! 

Cemlg ISC 

Eieirobrcs 4*C 

Itaubonca Act 

LIP tit 4K 

Paranancnama 3< 

Pemjtiras 213 

Souza Cruz 12-95? 

Telehros SO 31 

Teiesp *K 

Usiminas 123 

vale Pie Doce 21( 

Vartg NA 

Bavespa Index : 2K2T8 
Previous : ms 

Sceoirc Res 13^ 

Scott’s Hosp BP: 

Seagram *2^ 

SearsCon T* 

Snell Can *l«i 

Sherrill Garaon iim 

SHL S«remhse ??» 

Soufham ibu» 

5 oar Aerospoce 16 

steico a aw 

X« IH’sDecVs 140 JJS'. 32B )J2’.-0Ai*. 

X53'« MW 95 1X9 “j IB 1 : 1« - -: 3J2 -0 04's 

3X5 XJIWfttorVS X*3 Id 3X3 -101 

333 )32'/>Jul 95 1X2 '.I 1X3’': 1X3 333 -OXS 

Esl sate* IL*. Tue's. MkH *132 
Tue's open ud 2*.I23 up 1K» 

CORN (CBOT1 S.300ounrairi»jm- coto-.p~ ouanf 
XlkVi 141 Jul** UA 2J3 L4*=« inir-XaRr< 

X92V. 14DWSeP»4 2X2 2X7'. 2X1 2 x£1t ‘0.03’* : 

2.73*<i 2X*9iD«?4 UJ X59“j 153k. 2J7^ -0.03’. I 

2799! 148V.Mar95 1M14 2X5^1 IXO'i 2*J • 5.03''-. 

2 02 2J3 May?! ^*4’.i 149V. 26*W 2X9 «0J»'.i 

2X3'" 15* Jul 95 2X» 171 IaSW l*9's -0J03 

2x7 2J» Stt>95 155 7J6H 2JS UAVy •OAl'v 

2J9 2*3 Dec 95 150 2J4 2*99, 2J1 -OEtOV. 

Esl. sales 40X00 Tue's. srtes 5X218 
Tue's QPW1 inr 74123 1 on Ji09 
SOYBEANS ICBOT) i.gggeunMTum.MaiR'Iiuni 
7 JO I.94’.<jJul9* 6X1 T 6.72 1 '! 0X0 *X7A, -O.X v .. ■ 

7JS 1® AwH 6.02 *72 6.5VT *X5V> -XM’. ' 

7.MW *17 Sen?* *47’-, *5*6, iAP* *X0's -XC*?; 

7J7?T SJ5ViNW.«* 6X4 4X49, *3* 4X9^. -XTOV. : 

4.971- *13 Jan 95 643 U1V, *42 *x5’/j t XIKl. 

7.0241 4 IS Mar9j *479, 4-55V, *4414 *49 -XID'v 

7.025* 6X1 May 95 *4910 *J* *49 *509: ♦X03 , 't 

7 JH *24 Aji 95 6J* 1 .- *59 *519, *54 *0.03^ 

*50?, 5l019JNOv 9S *14 *.169i *17 *15 -aOl 

Est sales 40JJ00 7ue’s sate *5.0*0 
Tub's open int 1*0.492 oh 375 
SOYBEAN MEAL ICBOT) Kuans- aoi him. tan 

230.00 105X0 AX 94 177X30 19*00 190. BO 19110 -130 : 

223 00 105.00 Aug 4* 193XM I94.30 191 DO 193J» *110 

31000 183.10 Sec 94 191X0 19140 19X30 19110 -1J0 1 

70* tM 180.00 Oct 9* 107.30 191X0 18880 1)020 * 1X0 

209.00 17X00 Dec 94 100X0 19X70 107.00 109.10 - 1 70 I 

501 JD 17X89 J041 95 180 30 19X70 18X70 IB? JO -1X0 

203-50 l0UBMar9S 1B»J0 191 XU 109.20 19X70 - 1 JO 

20100 1B1JWMCV95 10970 H.I0 

135.00 9155 Jul 94 90X0 96J0 *150 

U4_50 9100560 94 77.90 100X0 96-25 

13100 96 25 Nov 9J 99 JU 99.85 97X0 

132.00 97.70 J*1 95 10X50 101 JU 99X0 

124X5 99.73Mar95 10IJU 10170 10UU 

11425 1 0X50 Mar 9S 104J0 104-50 103x0 
1 19 CD !05J»Jul95 ICS. 50 105J0 10SXD 
111 JO IllJOSepVS 


Esl sales 1500 Tue's. saes 2.284 
Tub's open ini 22J11 off Id 

-1X0 9X19 
*1201 4X75 
• 1JB 1.530 
*X10 2.921 
—0.43 1.117 


107 JO 7-1 10 Jun 9* 107X0 10X45 707x0 

107.75 74X0 Jul 94 107X0 109.50 HTJB 

107-00 74.90 Sep 94 10X10 109X0 I07JU 

105J3 75X5 Dec 9* 107X0 107x0 T05J0 

102X0 7*90 Jar 95 

102X0 .100 Feb 9J 

107 JO 73J»Mor95 105X0 105X0 105.00 

101X0 7*85 May ?S 

10100 78.00 Aj 1 95 

105.00 75X0 Aug 95 

99 JS 77. 10 Sun 95 lOCLOO 103X8 103X0 

92X0 75X0 Oct 95 

91X0 77X5 Nav 95 

99.90 BB.00 Dec 75 102X0 102X0 101.10 

9X85 88.50 Jar 94 

■»» JD 63 70 Mar 96 

94X0 91.l0Apr*4 

Ew. sates 16-000 Tue's. sales 20,974 

TuYs anen in 59.347 up 834 

SILVER (NCMX) LOOOiravBi.. misner mw « 

< 2JXI 1.270 
‘1X5 14,514 
•1X5 IT. 068 
‘1X5 5,929 
- 1 -55 19» 

‘1.45 69 

‘ 1225 2.187 
raja 79Q 
‘ 0-50 *99 

* 1X0 570 


—025 090 

— *U0 

♦ UU 

94XK 9l laOCce W 73X00 71 393 7UTX T.S0- ' ' “fa»3i6fl7 

94X20 9X7 50 Mar *6 93 32D 91X50 12»B TTIW *22174X13 
Est. sates NA Tue's.fca« 393XM ' . 

Tue'kaoenirn 2 J-?J.*1S up -390 • ' - t.— v - ~ - 

BRITISH POUND (CMER) cam.-s iu.-:r,uusUk.:.'-' 

1X224 I 4474 Jun 94 !5i&3 I*'..* * .SJiC 1 SHC ‘ . V* 

TJ230 l.4440Sep»2 1J0?» , JU» I.SM rsk.’OD 

1J170 lASOODecW UOfci 1J073 1 5022 ■ JBS3 .- 
IJI70 l.4648Mar«< I5&36 r X- -44- 

E>«. saws na Tue's. sa*s i5aD ‘ 

Twrsopeninl 4L4I2 un 1?3 •?. 

X7B05 X7H3Jufl94 tTM ;.~45 ftT24i- -L r a X 31 -. 

077-0) 0X060 Sep 94 072-0 2X2*0 GXZJ6 Q-713S — T773.W" 

0 7670 0.70300k M 072a J72J5 ] 7710 0?213 -17" 773 

0.7405 1702DMar9S 0.7IM 37195 071*0 0X186 - i-W .--.SB 
0.7521 0-6990 J--m 95 a 71*2 -2 IT-* I* 

0X160 V7Mt, Sen 95 X7140- ' —17^ Wn 

Ear. sales HA Tues.saies 14.638 

Tue's open inr ' • . 

GERMAN MARX (CMER. snrrnerk- , pwreeQurtHBM*'-^- 

84133 X5407 Jan 9* 0X009 0X004 3W70 05r»5 — ' 131008 

0X101 15600 Sen 9* 15993 QXOO QJ9«A 02H74 — 1 j ast- 

0X105 0J590 Dec AI 0.59ID OJ904 0J97O 0597% -B AS 

0-40*3 0.5900 Jun 95 C.S992 .—13. » 

0X070 OJOlOMor 9 b 0J*34 ' -42' r «5 . 

Est. sate na Tue's. sates 4*is* ' v 

TwianonW 144,225 oft 3821 

JAPANESEYEN (CMER) seer rtn - 1 D«uvcw«nfia2B0091 ' . . 

0 JU99560 JUB871 Jun 94 0JDO9(aiaxO9*5OaJU9S86(LSS9UO *15. 3LZW 
001001 njB094?Sep 94 10996450. (09? 1 70 0WM5C. 00*663 -rl5 #® 
aaiQQ70QIU9525Dec9JaoC775Q<U)09?65D.OD?7m00975l rlt' U? 
a olai JC0-C4P774Jun 95 CJU9896 -10 p 

CJn01253 OOTMOMarW 0X09021 ".-72 314' 

Esi. sales NA Tub's, sales &3.44C 

Tue’s ooen Ini MJJ2 up 1050 . — - 

SWISS FRANC ICA4ER) leertrav- 1 k£-v Marti MUSH 
0X174 0X590 Jun 94 07084 07091 07062 0X069 -5X1.03 _ 

071*0 0X600 See 94 OXDSO 0.7096 0.70*6 0.7074 -—433.10- 

0X105 0 6085 Dec 94 0X095 0X180 0X075 CX08S ’— *■ -4H- - 

Ain 95 0X145 1 ■ •— -J* 

Mar ?6 jJXUS —4' - 

Esl sales NA Tub's. sa*« 24JP? 

Ti* s open fu 47,643 

190 JO 18300 Jul 95 189.70 

Es>. sales 1*000 Tue's sales 13.051 

Tue's open HI 61X55 oH 1271 

SOYBEAN OIL ICBOT) to DOB bs- Mrs pf l« In 

Talisman Energ 2av* 

CamposiM index J 5564.44 

Previous : J48*X3 



F kwnjpp Hoesch 219 219 








Kali Sal: 



335 333 

610 610 
1C8S I DM 
351 345 

«U 8?5 
MS 35150 
62* 624 

509J0 504 

136 135 

Abbey Noll 4X6 

Allied Lyons ixa 

Ar|o Wipgins 2X2 

Argyll Group 2J* 

Ass Bril Foods 5JX2 

BAA ?J8 

BAG *70 

Bank Scat load 1.9* 

t-igecV ner wen e 1 5 1 jo I S3 jo 






939 ?32 

193 JO 1*2 
4)1 41S 

448 445 JO 
231.50 23280 

Muench RueO. WB 135 
Porsche 7so rn 


PWA 231 


ichermA i 

- 5 EL 

Slemerx Jw 

■ Thvssen 27; 


veba SI* 



■Jolkswogen 48. 


K^ridlV 1 

4*7444 J0 
23150 230 

451 449 

338 320 

1(181 1073 
ad 367 
700x0 aTSJC 

3JL50 775 

320 332 

385 386 
484X0 404 90 
950 952 

Barclays 5 40 

Bass 5.19 

BAT 4.42 

BET 1X2 

Blue Circle 190 

BOC Group 7X5 

Boars 5J2 

Banater *43 

BP 377 

Brtt Airways l?i 

Bri! Gos 170 

Brit SI eel IX? 

Brit Telecom 176 


Cable Wire 4X3 

Cadbury Sch 4.73 

Caradafl 1 91 

tools Vivello 122 

Comm Union 5J8 

Courta-Jlds 5.15 

ECC Group 173 

Enterprise Oil 194 

Eurotunnel 3x3 

F Isons 1.44 

Forte 136 

GEC 3X0 

Gen'l Acc 5X8 

Oako Sx4 

Grand Mei 4 JO 

GRE 1X7 

Guinness 4X9 

SUS 3X7 

Hanson 157 

Hlllsaawn 1X6 


ICI 0.14 

Banco Comm 

BeneHan oroup 



Cred I ta( 
Ferfln Rlsn 
Flat SPA 





Mont MH son 

8a toem 

Son Paahi Torino 






Toro Assl Pisa 


Cerabas Bxs bjo 

atYDev. 7X5 7.65 

DBS lua 11 JO 

Fraser Neave 10.10 IBJO 

Genllna 18.10 iBjo 

Golden Hone PI 240 2x5 
Haw Par 144 145 

Hume iwjusiries 5-20 5jo 
Inch caae 5X0 5x5 

KepoeJ ID. 90 iejjo 

KL Kenanu 3X4 3.12 

Lum Chans I.** 1 jci 

Malayan Bankg 050 bxs 
QCBC foreign 13X0 1120 

5X0 5x5 
10.90 1QJ» 
3X4 3.12 
l.«4 1x2 

Tack B 2*3, 

Thomson 16 

Toronto Domn 21 vv 

Torsi or B 23 9* 

Transallo Util 14»s 

TransGOa Pipe 17w 

Triton Finl A *45 

Trimac IS 1 * 

Trlrec * 0X6 

Uni carp Energy 1.4s 


21X5 Jul 94 





♦ 0J6 24J177 







*0.29 14.782 


22.40 Sep 94 

77. IB 


27 08 

77 J* 

♦ 0X5 11.280 

79 J4 

22.1000 9* 





♦ 0.13 



73.00 Dec ?4 





-125 71,151 


72X5 Jan 95 





♦ 0LZ2 


28 J0 

74-70 Mar ?5 








24.67 AAnv 95 








24X5 Jul 90 







Aug *5 



Est. sales 25.000 Tue's. sates 19,902 
Tue's ooen ini SSJ)92 



OUB 6 JO *J5 

OUE *55 BjS 

Semoawarig NA 1110 

snongriic 5X5 *20 

SIme Darby 186 3X6 

SIA foreign 12J0 12.70 

Snore Land JM 7ju 

5'poto Press 1140 15J0 

Sing Steamship 4.14 *14 

Spare Telecomm 150 Isa 

Strolls Trading 172 372 

UOB foreign 12 11 jo 

UOL 220 2-2B 

36S 870 

445 439 

1199 1179 

Straits Times Ind. : ««« 
previous : Z6E7J1 

Adia inn B 3d JM 

Aliaulssc B new 470 665 

BBC Brwn Bov B 1223 1225 
CftwGjigyB 873 075 
CS Holdings B 608 608 
EtelrtrowB 364 360 

Fischer B 1*00 1*10 

interdlscounre 2450 5410 
Jetmoil B 870 880 

Loodls Gvt R 365 8 JO 

MoeveruMck B 445 *39 
Weshe ft 1199 1179 

Oertilr. Boehrle R 144 139 

Pmgeso Hid B 1450 1#» 
Ro«tW Hdg PC 6890 6040 
Salra Reoubllc 12*50 130 

Sondez a 745 727 

Schindler B 7900 7750 
SulrerPC 955 *>30 

Surveillance B 2090 2060 
Swiss Bnk Coro B <26 420 
Swiss Relnsur F xoa 608 
SwiSWir R 792 7?6 

UBS 8 1253 12*9 

Winterthur B 750 745 

Zurich Ass B l*od un 

CATTLE (GMER) oxiM.wXiwra 
7537 6339 Jun 94 62 SI 6*10 62J0 

7107 62-22 Aug 94 62S) 6192 6Z15 

7*10 65X0 Oct 9* 66.05 67 J7 6195 

74J0 c 7.20 Dec®* 67X5 69.33 67 .-a 

7125 67.90 Feb 95 68X5 70X5 6845 

75.10 49X0 Apr 95 69.95 71X5 6925 

JIJO 4*«ajun95 67X0 4*70 67.30 

Esl. sales 10.992 Toe's, soles 19210 
Tue's ooen Ini 7*272 aft 491 
FEEDER CATTLE (CMER) stmix.-caniss 
03 00 71.10 Aug M 71.95 7162 7120 

01)0 71 JO Sec 94 71.75 73X0 71J5 

81 JS 71. 5000 9* 71.7J 73.*? 71X9 

88.00 72jbJN0v9< 73X5 7420 7150 

S0.95 73_ySJan®6 73J0 74.92 »3S) 

80,35 7L55Mnr94 7240 7160 72X8 

76X6 7145 Anr 9* 7190 73J0 7275 

Ed. srtes 3x®7 Tue's. soles 1.222 
Tue's open Ini 119*4 rtf wo 
HOGS (CMER) 4G.Dt» ns -ami own 

Si-3? 45.37 Jut 9* 4*20 *6*0 *5X0 

5537 * SJ0 Jul 9* 4*60 **60 46.05 

KJXa 44 JOAug %4 *6 00 4*20 *547 

49.75 4ZX50a<4 ffljB 4502 4SJJJ 

- 150 10.923 
-U0 30.341 
-1X8 14.424 
• I.Z3 10,282 
>1X0 6X2B 
. 1-05 2.980 
-0JS 605 

71.10 Aug M 







71 JO Sen 94 





- 1X5 


71X000 94 







7165 New 94 





• 0.98 






74 JO 



72X5 Mar 96 







77.45 AOT 96 







5480 51 5J Jun 94 

58*5 371.0 JM 9* 535J SH.0 5330 

Aug 94 

5?0J 374JSepV4 541 J 5410 £30.0 

W-0 JBOODecV* 5*00 549D 5450 

SU0 *010 Jan 95 

(JHO 41*5Marf5 55*0 5SBO 55*0 

606J 41*0 May 95 

6100 4200 Jul 95 5640 5640 J640 

6110 4910 Sea 9S 

6280 539.Q Dec 95 

575.0 5750 Jan 96 

11*0 580-0 Mir 96 

Ed. sates 1X000 Tue's. sates 17X37 
Tue's open Int 124X45 oft 1754 
PLATINUM (NMERJ 60 6ar k.- dalm Mr tr 
43700 357.00 Jul M 4M.00 401 JO 379X0 

43*00 36S-fl0Dcf 9* *02-50 40150 awiM 

C9-50 J74X0 Jan 9S 40X00 41*00 40*00 

428-00 JTO.OOApr95 
Ed. sales NA. Tue'* srtes 1,76* 

Tite's ooon ml 21J89 on 97 
OOt-O (NOIXI IUi-ava^-AaanMrrmoL 
4)7X0 329.41 An 94 3BIXD 3804D 33130 

30*00 28* 00 Jul 94 

41*00 341 JO Aug 94 384X0 JKm 361*0 

41700 344X000 9* 387 JO 367 JO 38*50 

*2*50 34X00 Dec 94 J90X0 39131 39.40 

411-00 363.30 Feb 95 394.00 39-1.00 mat 

417.00 30*50 Apr 95 39*60 39*00 39*80 
428 JO 341 JO Jun®5 401 JOT 401 JM 401 JU 
41X50 3>DX0Aug*S 

41X30 41OJOO09S 

429.00 400-50 Dec 95 41150 412J0 411jn 
42440 JlZJDFeOH 

Apr 96 

Em. sates liooo Tue's. soles 2*009 
Tue's ooen ini 136X15 oft 1402 

+ SJ 4 
>53 7*071 

‘53 14X11 

♦ S3 16X06 

•S3 5.70® 
I 53 1036 
‘S3 1.224 

♦ 53 

♦ S3 7X74 



COTTON 2 (NCTN) SOJPOets.- etnispares 

S-SiiY 2S^° 8““ 7,30 w-k 

W-5J,P« w 7737 77.40 7*41 7*50 

59*8 pec 9* 75J5 7570 75.01 75.17 

ifiJO 7*55 7*00 7*10 

5S? WJWMOV9S 77 J5 77H5 7* 52 1*62 

♦rS 77X0 77.15 77.10 

rVf* . «-2S 74J0 7*10 74.10 

Est. sales 13-floo Tue's. unes *714 5*130 up nc 

-ixs.u/iin ■ 
— L03- 4X» 
_0A5 :X33S 

-031 :t».. 

-OU-'l 4ST 

-433. . a. 

“Jrv oa- am mt pel 

41 70 Jul 94 -16. 15 4*73 45X0 A* A? 

43BflSMW A7 On MV 17 KK JD4B 

43 00 Sec 94 47.9Q aa-x 4735 4838 
4J*|£WM <9 JOT 49X0 48X0 4938 

49X0 48X0 4938 

5 f 10 50J/a fl -* s 3173 

&5%S ^ S H « S-U 

7? =»*-«> 51.2S - 50X4 51.11 

■*“fJwi95 JJS 51XS £130 51X3 

S-SS^Vr. S .-99 a-s 

‘2.10 14.132 
>230 5378 
1*40 1.113 
‘2.40 1.0J5 

-‘■U: 7T" ” 51 -JO 5130 51.83 

47X0 Mcr 95 S0£b 5055 5035 50X3 

05 Apr 95 49X5 &JS »J5 4*XB 

4? '' 8 

4* 79 Jun 9S 


47.40 Alia 98 m. an 

*<ua ijsb 

‘0X0 7(L783 
>0X0 5.163 

♦ OJO 24X67 
♦OJO 5315 
>0* 6*280 

♦ OJO 2X21 
‘0JO 1.066 

M 4 C « > . L ——J OOMI 4 UK * 6.10 

».« 47.4Q Aug 95 4»fln 

»J5 4*45 Sen 95 


SOW 52.90 Nov 95 jj?S 

030 Dec 65 S>8 

Eft. sales NA Tue's. sales S23IB 
^trarrffr." 11 I,l « an <■** 578 


20.7B 1*1 5 All 94 1 7 AS l«JO 17 « I* HI 

♦ 0J5J2XC 
-*C J2JB - 
♦0.97 *8f»- 
-032 1421- 
♦0-27 9J» 
.037 4JH 


♦ 0J7 .1x0 

>0X2 1X47 
-0X7 2JSJ 
‘072 13C 
-0177 „ 964 . 
.*77 - m. .. 
*077 '.' . 

‘0J7- . 

-DJI ■ 

uu v 

rr, ^ ijnotsi - ooHarsD* 

14 IS Ail «4 17x8 1*40 1758 .1*30 

1Z30 17X6 1» jS 

u^crSS 3J' lJ 1758 17 10 nS0 

jjyodw i?:ia 17 A0 

12? V* !:■» 

15-e ,7js ,<j ° nxi 
iui&s l!” “-2 ”■!! 

17 jo i?.n 1700 it.ic 

ItW 17.10 1*95 17.10. 





Alcan Aluminum 3i> 4 3I^> 

Bank MBnireal 24 '4 24V; 

Bell Canada 48% *!♦; 

Bombardier B 2Hi 2Ht 

Camblor igtu ib>* 

Cascades an 

Dominion Tert A 6*n *kv 

DanotHM A 
MacMillan Bi 
Mall Bk Canada 
Power Coro. 

Quebec Tel 
Queaecor A 

Qumeear A 
Quebecar B 

1M4 12 

184* 18“5 
in. SV. 
2IVk 21i» 
21^e 22 

18 I0V^ 
IB IB»i 
TB*i 18^ 
6'i 6*v 

13V| 13M 

A uaA 
Astro A 
Allas Cooco 
EiKtnUu> B 

Investor B 

Norsk Hydro 
Procerdio AF 
Sandvlk B 
S-E Barken 
Jkandlo F 

Trolieboro BF 

400 398 

402 401 

171 170 

9* 9430 

5?? ?w 

■*; 4 100. 

Nikkei 223 : 21212 
Previous : 2 HOT 
Topjy Index : 1098 
PreeJoos : 1182 

792 776 
12S3 1249 
750 745 
1400 1 JVJ 

5537 4530 Jul 94 4*60 4*M 

KJXO 44 JO Aug 64 4600 4*30 

49.75 43X500 *4 XJjB 4 54? 

SB JO 4X05 Dec 94 43XS 4435 

5*80 4X10Feb9S -a »0 4110 

48X0 40.90 Apr 95 4X05 4X40 

51 JD 47 40 Jun 95 48.70 40. W 

47 JOT 47.20 Jul 95 4*97 <980 

Esl 5rt« *10* Tue's. soles 7X10 
Tue's open Int 30-031 oH 8* 

— 1.10 3.107 
— 0J5 10394 
— 0X8 7X37 
• a/e 4333 

391 J92 

123 124 


♦Sim T> JO jul M 40.9a 41.12 

59 J9 3970 Aug 94 4035 4*75 

6l 15 3».IOF«b9S 47,50 4*00 

6090 38i0Ma-75 47.15 47.15 

el JOT 42X0 MOV 95 

5100 5*50 Jul 95 4*50 4*50 

SU5 rt 75 Aug 95 <7.95 47.95 

Esl.srtro 3.199 Tue's. srtes 2,100 
Tue's wen m *703 uo IS3 













































103 102 
M2 101 

114 114 

1 la ns 

SDJD 48X0 
116 114 

180 178 
141 139 

4l2 408 

110 107 

Affaersvaertden : 
I Provlmn ; iB*xn 

742 747 


Atritloi Price !7»s 

Agnin Eagle 15*6 

Air Canada 6*. 

Alberta Energy TIPS 

Am Barrlck ftes 31 't 

BCE 48b. 

Bk Nova Scotia 25*1 

BC Gas 1495 

BC Telecom 341-3 

Bramalea 0J9 

Brunswick IWu 

CAE 7 

Camdev 5 


Canadian Partite SFu 

Can Tiro a t 1 "= 

H's easy Io sdbesaAe. 

n luxemb&L^g 

«; just cnfl Uofl^frec: 

O 800 2703 

COFFEE C (NCSE) P.atfc-ieAMfb. 

1*5X0 64 90 Ju< W 122.10 130JO 17130 137.95 

latSa 60JOSep«4 120.50 137.00 15ft* 12*10 

13725 77-lODoe 94 1 19.10 11*25 IZ190 

1XIJD 7*90 Mar9S 11*75 171.50 11*35 120.15 

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U.K. < )urt Blocks 
Takeover of Thrift 
By Lloyds Bank 

Bloomberg Business Sens 

LONDON — The High Court 
00 Wednesday blocked Lloyds 
proposed £ 1.8 billion 
(S3 bub on) takeover of CbeUen- 
ham & Gloucester Building Sod- 
ety. stopping what would have 
been the first merger of a British 
bank and a thrift association. 

The judge ruled that a Uoyds 
plan to make cash payments to 
people who had held accounts with 
C&G for less than two years violai- 
ed the Building Societies Act of 
1986, which governs the thrift in- 

The court, however, expressed 
approval of such payments to ac- 
count holders of more than two 
years’ standing, holders uf deposit 
accounts and other entitled parties. 

“Of course I’m disappointed," 
C&G's chief executive, Andrew 
Longhurst, said. 

*Tm anxious to proceed with the 
transaction," he said, adding that 
C&G could restructure the transac- 
tion or appeal the decision. 

Together. C&G and Llovds 
would have had about 7 percent of 
the market in home mortgage lend- 
ing, which would make it Britain's 
fourth-largest lender. 

This is the second time Uoyds 
has been thwarted in an attempt to 
expand through a takeover, af ter its 
bid for Midland Bank PLC in 1991. 

“Obviously we can’t go ahead" 
with the merger, said Philip Law- 
son, the bank’s chief legal adviser. 
He declined to say whether there 
would be an appeaL 

“We will need to consider the 
judgment carefully over the next few 
days before we consider appealing," 
Mr. Lawson said, adding that he 
was surprised by the decision. 

If it had been approved, bank 
executives said, C&G's friendly 
merger with Britain's Qfth-largest 
bank, part of an aggressiv e expan- 
sion into home mortgages, might 
have prompted other banks to bid 
for die country’s 82 remaining 
thrifts — which are called building 
societies in Britain. 

Despite LLS, Duty, Akzo 
To Raise Fiber Output 

Cur? tied by Oar Staff Fnm Dispatches 

AMSTERDAM —The chemical 
manufacturer Akzo Nobd N V said 
Wednesday it planned to triple 
production of its Twaron aranid 
fibers despite a punitive tariff im- 
posed by the United States on the 
synthetic material. 

Akzo declined to estimate the 
effect on its sales and earnings of 
the UJS. decision Tuesday to imt 
pose a duty of 56 percent on im- 
ports of Twaron. 

In response to a complaint by 
Akzo's American competitor, Du 
Pont Co., the U.S. International 
Trade Commission ruled that Akzo 
bad “materially injured” UJS. pro- 
ducers of the fiber by using “illegal 
pricing practices." 

The r uling was the latest step in a 
long legal battle between Akzo and 
Du Pont, wfakh dominates the 
market for anumd fibers with a 90 
percent worldwide share. * 

The fibers are used in the defense 
industry, for bodies of fighter jets 
and for buDetproof vests. It has 
become an important element in 
several industries because it is 
stronger than steel and lighter than 
alumin um and could take the place 
of j iffl, aluminum, glass or asbes- 

Racal’s Earnings 
Delight Market 

Bloomberg Business News 

LONDON — Investors greeted 
Racal Electronics PLCs e arnin gs 
report for the latest financial year - 
by bidding the company’s stock 
price up 5 percent Wednesday. 

Although pretax profit at ine 
provider of electronic: and commu- 
nication services feD 45 peroenl, to 
£26.4 million (S40 mfflionkthat fig- 
ure included £25.4 miffion m losses 
from asset sales and discontinued 

operations, up from charges «. 
£10.9 milKp n for similar items a 
year earlier. Without the onetime 
dunges, pretax profit was about 
£5L7 willim, at the top end of 
analysts’ expectations. 

Racal stock rose 11 peace on the 

day, closing at 249 pence. Racal 
said its data-commumcatjons Busi- 
ness would have a profit margin of 
■more than 5 percent on sales oi 
more than £400 nriffion this yen* 

. up from less than 1 percent on sales 
of £373.8 mflfion in the latest year. 

Weekly net asser 

on 06-06-94 
US $ 60.43 

listed on dw 

Stock Exchange 


MeesPfewon Capital 
Rddn-55, 1012 KKAmsterdam. 
TeL + 31-20-52 1 14I0. 

|p : w read ers mBdg 

to-siascribe and save. 

Akzo, which may appeal the UjS. 
rating, said the finding “frustrates 
both free access and development 
of the US. market and severely 
limits the choices of American cus- 

But aspOteamanforAkzi) added 
that “growth isn’t in the US." in 
the Twaron market and said the 
company had a policy of cultivat- 
ing its markets in Asia and Europe. 

The spokesman added that Akzo 
would pursue plans to expand its 
production capacity to 10,500 tons 
of the fibers a year from 3,500 at its 
two Dutch plants. 

Du Pont filed the suit with the 
U.S. trade body last summer, 
claiming that Akzo had been sell- 
ing its high-strength, beat-resistant 
fibers in the United States for less 
than it sold them for in the Nether- 
lands and less than its manufactur- 
ing cost 

“The final-ruling confirms oar 
belief (hat Akzo’s U.S. pricing 
practices were illegal under U.S. 
dumping laws,” said Dm) Johnson, 
global business direcun for Du 
Post's aramid fiber, Kevlar. 

But Akzo said its Twaron fiber 
had betai sold at market prices in 1 
the United States. | 

For more than a decade, Akzo 
has fought legal battles with Du j 
Pont seeking unrestricted access to ! 
the U.S- market. I 

(AP. Bloomberg! 


Calm Before Vote in TJ.K. 

Markets Braced for Conservative Defeat 

“Those wishing to take over a 
building society would find it much 
easier to do so." Norman Diganis, 
chief spokesman for the Building 
Societies Commission, said in dis- 
cing the prospects in a recent 

.On Wednesday, he said the com- 
mission. which had challenged the 
merger, would not comment imme- 
diately cm the decision. 

Many building-society execu- 
tives said the merger violated the 
law regulating the thrifts because 
Lloyds was offering relatively new 
C&G account holders — plus 
mortgage holders and past and pre- 
sent employees — a cash bonus if 
they accepted the bid. 

Such payout* from hanks might 
have made it difficult Tor building 
societies to persuade their owners 
-7 the account holders — to merge 
with other thrifts and keep other 
banks from muscling in. 

“Most building societies will be 
pleased," said Adrian Coles, a 
spokesman for the Building Societ- 
ies Association, the industry lobby. 
“Their understanding of the law 
has been upheld." 

Shares in Lloyds, which had end- 
ed the day at 569 pence, up 4. were 
expected to fall Thursday. 

“The decision dictates a sharp 
price fall, between 20 pence and 30 
pence," said Tim Clarke, a bank- 
ing-industry analyst at Panmure 
Gordon St Co. 

If the decision had gone in favor 
of Lloyds. Mr. Clarke said, the 
share price could have risen as 
much as 10 pence immediately. 

Lloyds shares rose as much as 10 
percent when the bid was an- 
nounced in April. 

Under terms of the Lloyds offer. 

1 million savin gs-account holders 
at C&G would have each received 
£500 cash payments plus sums 
equal to 10 peitent of their depos- 
its, up lo a maximum of £] 0 , 000 . 
On average, that would have come 
to about £1,700 each. 

By Erik Ipsen 

Intemutonul Herald Tribune 

LONDON — A calm has descended on finan- 
cial markets on the eve of what is widely expected 
to be another severe drubbing for the governing 
Conservative Parry in elections for the European 
Parliament on Thursday. 

"The possibility of the Conservatives doing disas- 
trously is already discounted to death." said Andrew 
Bell, equity strategist for Barclays de Zoete Wedd. 

With B? seats at stake, even the most optimistic 
poll estimates that the Tories will win only about 
20. Others say they might be lucky to keep two. 
Results will be amtounud late Sunday. 

“The range of possibilities runs from bad to 
awful for the Conservatives," said Ruth Lea. an 
economist for Lehman Brothers. 

But, analysts point out, the advance publicity 
has been so bad that the possibility or a surprising- 
ly good showing — which would be expected to 
buoy the markets — now looms large. Strategist* in 
the London financial district said that if the Con- 
servatives managed to win 20 or more seats, the 
markets could bounce back strongly. 

British slocks were sharply higher Wednesday, 
with the Financial Times-Siock Exchange 100 in- 
dex rising 33.4 points, to 3.038.2. 

(AFP- Ex tel News reported that prices were sup- 
ported by a statement from Alan Greenspan, 
chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board, that 
U.S. inflation was “clearly restrained." British in- 
vestors also took bean from April industrial pro- 
duction data, which showed a rise of 1.6 percent 
from March, exceeding market expectations ] 

Even the currency markets, which are notorious- 
ly sensitive to any hint of political risk, look set to 
take even the worst outcome for the Conservatives 
in stride. 

Ndi MacKinnon, chief currency strategist for 
Citibank, said talk of a post -election currency 
crisis was “off the wall." He said that Iasi month 
the pound weathered local elections in which the 
Conservatives won only 27 percent of the vote, the 
party’s worst showing 'since World War II. 

Many analysts predict that even if the Conserva- 
tives won only as many os seven seats, the marker 
might take heart. Under this reasoning, such a 
showing would force the party to dump Prime 
Minister John Major, whose standing in the polls is 
the worst for a prime minister in 50 years. 

“Quite a few people in the raarkeL would like to 
see Major replaced fairly quickly with someone who 
is more decuble." said Peter Fellner. a British 
government-bonds strategist for Nat West Markets. 
“They view any result that gives John Major a new 
lease on life as not the best outcome.” 

The absence of a dear successor to Mr. Major, 
however, throws that scenario into doubt. The 
chancellor of the Exchequer. Kenneth Clark, is 
increasingly seen us too pro- European to pass 
muster with the party'* right wing, while the Board 
of Trade president. Michael Hesdtine. who had a 
heart attack last year, is hobbled by concern over 
his health after the sudden death last month of the 
Labor Party leader John Smith, from j heart 

Bundesbank Chips Away at Rates 

Coirptlcd by Our Staff From Dispatches 

FRANKFURT — The Bundes- 
bank pursued its course of step-by- 
step reductions in money market 
rales Wednesday, in spue of the 
central bank's concerns about Ger- 
many money-supply growth. 

The Bundesbank trimmed iu> 
lowest rate for securities repur- 
chase contracts, which supply Ger- 
man banks with most of their refi- 
nancing. to 5.10 percent from 5.15 
percent last week. 

The move, which was largely in 
line with expectations, helped lift 
the DAX index of leading German 
shares 10.1 points, to 2,145.20. 

The German bond market also 

showed strength, rebounding from 
recent weakness after Bundesbank 
President Hans Tieimeyer said he 
expected German inflation to slow 
further. The inflation rate was 2.9 
percent annually in May. down 
from 3.1 percent in April. 

He warned, however, that central 
banks would have to live with in- 
creased volatility in world bond 
markets, a result of the globaliza- 
tion of the markets. 

“We have to live with volatility: 
we can't control it and put it back.'* 
he said. 

Analysts commenting on the rate 
cut Wednesday generally expected 

further cuts in the repurchase rate 
but doubted there would be any 
more near-term declines in the dis- 
count or Lombard rates. 

"The repo rate is well on course 
lo dip below 5 percent in late 
June." said Holger Schmieding. 
economist at Merrill Lynch Bank. 

Bundesbank officials have said 
recently that repurchase rates have 
room to fall further, even though 
cuts in the discount and Lombard 
rates, the effective floor and ceiling 
for money market rates, are on 
hold “for the time being," accord- 
ing to Mr. Tieimeyer. 

(Bloomberg. Reuicrs. AFX. AFP) 


Societe d'lnvestissement a Capital Variable 
69, route d’Esch, Luxembourg 
R.C. Luxembourg B-21108 

Notice is hereby given to the shareholders, that the 


ol shareholders of GTEL'ROPE ‘FUND will be held at the office:, uf Banque Internationale ii 
Luxembourg, Socidte Anonyme, 69, route d’Escti. L-1470 Luxembourg. .*n Friday. i7ih June. 
1994 at 1 1.00 a.m. with the following agenda : 

1. To hear and accept the Repons of: 
aj Ibe Directors 

bj the Auditor. 

2. To approve the Report of the Directors for the year ended 31st December. 1993 including the 
Statement of Net Assets as at 31st December. 1993 and Statement of Operations for the year 

ended 3 1st December 1993. 

3- To discharge the Board of Directors and the Audnor with respect of their pcrionrunie uf 
duties for ihc period ended 3 1 si December. IW3. 

4. To elect the Directors lo serve until the next Annual Genera! Meeting .«} anw.-huldci'- 

5. To elect as Auditor to serve until the next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders : Coopers 
& Lybrand S.C. 

6 . To declare a dividend in respect of the year ended 3 1st December. 1993. 

7. To approve the payment of Directors' fees. 

8 . Any other business. 

9. Adjournment 

The shareholders are advised that no quorum is required for the items on the agenda of the 
Annual General Meeting and that derisions will be taken on a simple majority of the shares 
present or represented at the meeting. 

In order to take part at the meeting of 17ih June, the owners of bearer ..hares will have to deposit 
their shares five clear days before the meeting with the registered office of the company or with 
Banque Internationale a Luxembourg. 69. route d'Eseh. L-1470 Luxembourg. 


Page XI 

EU Racks 



Compiled In Our Sufff From Depatrka 

BRUSSELS — The European 
Commission said Wednesday it 
had approved a proposed S64> bil- 
lion polypropylene joint venture 
between the plastics units ot Mon- 
tedison SpA and Royal Dutch/ 
Shell Group on the condition that 
certain key technology would re-* 
main OUISidf the partnershi p. 

The commission said the two 
parties agreed last week that Mon- 
tedison should retain control over 
its own specialized polypropylene 
technology. Montedison also has 
agreed to withdraw From its Mon- 
tefina polypropylene- product! on 
joint venture with Petrol ma SA. the 
commission said. 

The new company, to be called 
Mon tell Polyolefins, will become 
the world's biggest manufacturer of 
polypropylene, a hardened plastic , 
used in the making car pans such 1 
as bumpers and racks as well as 
other industrial products. 

The company is projected to ' 
control 18 percent of the world 
market and 30 percent of West Eu- , 
ropean production. 

In trading Wednesday in Milan, 
Montedison’s share price rose as 
high as 1,510 tire (93 cents) after 
the EU clearance, up (com Tues- 
day’s close of 1,464. before ending 
the day at 1,480. 

Under the plan, Montedison will 
contribute 70* percent of MonieU's , 
assets and Shell the remaining 30 
percent. The company will take on 
$2.1 billion of Montedison debt. 1 
reducing Montedison’s debt load i 
by 20 percent. 

' The EU’s competition commis- ! 

sioner, Karel Van Mien, said 
Montedison's comnnimem to sell 1 
its shares in Monufma would “sig- * 
nifi candy help preserve and devel- 1 
op real competition on the polypro- , 
pylene market." , 

(AFX. Bloomberg > 

Investor’s Europe 




FTSE 100 Index 

30ft -j*— 

,3«9<Rt~ — 
3300 — -W- 



J F M A'M 'j 

Exchange index 











Paris . 




Sources Reuters. 


Stock Index 




Financial Times 30 

FTSE 100 

General Indax 


Stock Index 


7,631 j89 







,3mr J F M A M J 

ty Prev. % 
Close Change 
405.28 -.0.50 

7.604.00 +Q.37 

2,135.10 +047 

812.37 -0.11 

1.754.58 ^gg 8 ~ 

2,381.90 +1.25 

3,004.80 +1.11 

324.61 -0.03 

1.212.00 +1.32 

•2,023.74 +1.22 

1,86393 -0.16 

439.47 72.35 

976 00 +0.65 

l-tfttiun.'IMl KronJ Inhuin. 

Very briefl y: 

• British Aerospace PLC confirmed it was talking to the Dutch plane 
maker Fokker NV about linking up in the commuter j:rcrjfi husinev 
possibly through the purchase of an equit\ &iuke. 

• KBcknef & Co^ the trading and services unit of Vlag AG. rep lied .• 
1993 profit of 10.2 million Deutsche marks iSo million i after a I^v2 l«i%- 
of 56 million DM The company said the improvement cume c\ Jusiu-b 
from extraordinary items. 

• The European Union's car sales rose 13.6 percent m Mas. u> t.Uk'/H- 
units, compared with a year earlier. 

• Skanska Afi. a Swedish company, is close to completing ne&.-iuiiu ■!<» i. • 
acquire a “large U.S. construction company." according to The Swedish 
business newspaper Da gens Industri. 

• European airlines' estimated operating losses edged up in IWJJ. to >2.24 
billion From 52212 billion in 1992. the .Association of European Ainrnvs 
said, despite an S percent rise in passenger traffic. 

• Pizza Hut LK said it planned to increase its number of ouilcL<.<:: Ho Mt 
by 20 percent over the next two years, from the current 22 X 

• Goman crude steel production in May rose 14.7 percent irom .i -e.» 
earlier, according to provisional figures." 

fl/'i -•»».. N r?. Utll.'i ^ I f 1 


Suetere d’lm enticement a Capital Variable 
Kansullis Hoti^c - Place de I'Etoile 
L- 1U2I Luxembourg 
R.C. No B 16926 


NOTICE is hereby given that the Annual General Meeting of the Shareholders of FIDELITY 
FAR EAST RIND, a societe d'lnvestissement h capital variable organised under the law- ol 
the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (the "Fund"), will be held at the registered oilier of the 
Fund. Kansallis House. Place de I'Etoile. Luxembourg, at 11 :W u.ti-.. on June 2N. 1994 
specifically, but without limitation, for the following purposes: 

1 . Presentation of the Report of die Board of Directors. 

2. Presentation of the Report of the Auditor. 

3. Approval of the balance sheet and income statement for the fiscal year ended Februai v 2.\. 1^94 

4. Discharge of ihe Board of Directors and the Auditor. 

5. Election of six ( 6 ) Directors, specifically the re-election of Messrs. Edward C. Johnson 3rd 
Barry RJ. Bateman. Charles T.M. Collis. Sir Charles A. Fraser. Jean Haniitius and H.F. \jn 
den Hoven. being all of the present Directors. 

6 . Election ol the Auditor, specifically the election of Coopers & Lybrand. Luxembourg 

7. Declaration of a cash dividend in respect of the fiscal year ended February 28. 1994. and 
authorisation of the Board of Directors to declare further dividends in respect of fiscal year 
1994 if necessary to enable the Fund to qualify for "distributor" statu < under United Km'j- 
tiom lax law. 

8 . Consideration of such other business as may properly come before Ihe ineeiing 

Approval of stems 1 through £ of liie ageruU wi',5 r?i:uire the JtiiinmUv;- mu •? .. ..i.v •. • 

the shares present or represented at the meeting with no minimum number ><; share % 

represented in onJer for a quorum to be present! 

Subject to the limitations imposed by the Articles of incorporation of ihe Fund with regard to 
ownership of shares which constitute in the aggregate more than three percent « 3*V » «.■! the 
outstanding shares, each share is entitled to one vote. A shareholder may act at any meeting by 
proxy . 

Dated: May 30. 1994 






Societe dTnvestfesement & Capital Variable 
69, route d’Eseh, Luxembourg 
R.C. Luxembourg B-7443 

Notice is hereby given to the shareholders, rhat the 


of shareholders of GT INVESTMENT FUND will be held at the offices of Banque 
Internationale £ Luxembourg, Soci 6 t 6 Anonyme, 69. route d’Esch, L-1470 Luxembourg, 
on Friday. !7th June. 1994 at 104)0 a.m. with the following agenda : 

I. To hear and accept the Reports of: 

a) the Directors 

b) the Auditor. 

I 2. To approve the Report of the Directors for the year ended 31st December, 1993 including the 
~ statement of Net Assets as at-31st December, 1993 and Statement of Operations for ihc year 
ended 31st December 1993. 

3 To discharge the Board of Directors and the Auditor with respect of their performance of 
’ duties for the period ended 3 1 st December, 1 993. 

4 To elect the Directors to serve until the next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders. 

5 To elect as Auditor to -serve until the next Annual General Meeting of Shareholders 'Coopers 
St Lybrand S.C. 

6 . To declare a dividend in respect of the year ended alst December, 1993. 

7. To approve the payment of Directors fees. 

g! Any other business. 

9. Adjournment. 

The shareholders are advised that no quorum is required for Ihe items on the agenda of the 
Annual General Meeting and that decisions will be token on a simple majority of the shares 
present or represented at the meeting. 

i rrior to take part at the meeting of 17th June, the owners of bearer shares will have to 
ienosit their shares five dear days before the meeting with one of the following banks who are 
authorized to receive the shares on deposit: . 

Vereinsbank A.G., Kardinal-Faulhaber-SiraBc 1. D-80333 MOnchen 
!rJdit Industrie! et Commercial. 66 . rue de ia Vtctoirc. F-75009 Paris 
-Banque Internationale it Luxembourg. Z boulevard Royal. L-2953 Luxembourg 



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^ . Tel.: 516-435-4000 

croiGe. Fax . 516-435-4897 

For further details on bow to place your Hating contact PATRICK FALCONER in London 
TeL- (44) 71 836 48 02 -Fax: (44) 7/ 240 2234 

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For expert advice on personal investing. 

Every Saturday; the totemational Herald Tribune publishes The Money Report, a weekly section that provides 
; a penetrating analysis of financial products and services available to today's high-net-worth investor. 

For timely investment information, read The Money Report. 


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This list compiled by the A P. consisis of Ihe 1.000 
mast traded securities in terms of dollar value. H is 
updated twice a year. 

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Thiese M'O reference books are invaluable for investors, 
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Hoover’s Handbook of American Business 1994 


This reference work provides 505 two-page profiles of Americas 
largest and most influential companies (1.277 pagesj: 

• Over 450 major U.S. publicly quoted companies 
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" Companies from aerospace to textiles, microchips 
Each succinct company profile contains operations 
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headquarters location, people, companies, and brand names. 


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250 of America's most exciting growth enterprises. 

Includes well-known, high-protile leaders in their fields, as well as 

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lesser-known companies with the potential for explosiv'e growth. 
Quoted companies, from Acclaim Entertainment to Zoom 


Mini 1 f--nn. r. 

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Key privately held companies such as Apple founder Steve 
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companies that have recentlv come on strong like century- 
old Tootsie Roil. 

Each profile contains an operations overview, up to six years of 
key financial data. R&D and advertising expenditures, fists of 
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industry, bv headquarters location, and of people, companies, 
and brand names. 

Published by The Reference Press, Inc.. Austin. Texas, 
and available through the international Herald Tribune. 

pr.KSpnrTivks from the national oil companies 
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Japan’s Show 

Page 15' 


Wang Spin-Off: Screens Call 

Taiwan Company Maps Specialization Plan 



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By Steven BruII 

fatemuionaj HtrM Tribune 

TOKYO -- Broadcast engineers 
at research laboratories of NHK. 
Japan’s publicly funded radio and 
tdevmon network, took advantage 
of their annual open house 
Wednesday to show off some of 
their snazziest technologies, built 
for the coining era of interactive 
digital high -definition television. 

There was only one snag: Top 
executives at the network refuse to 
pull the plug on their existing ana- 
log HDTV system until well into 
the next decade. 

“Some people think we should 
wait until digital HDTV is ready 
before beginning our own broad- 
casts, " said Shuichi Morikawa. di- 
rector-general of engineering at 
NHK. “But what counts for view- 
ers is the content or our broadcasts, 
not the type of transmission tech- 
nology we use." 

Engineers, of course, are more 
interested tn hardware and were 
pleased to present their latest digi- 
tal devices. 

Included was technology that 
added a digital data channel to Ja- 
pan’s analog HDTV formal, called 
MUSE, allowing it to become a 
multimedia system delivering still 
pictures, text and sound in addition 
to the main television program. 

The system, however, is limited 
by the fact that MUSE is delivered 
by satellite and so cannot offer 
real-time interactive capability, un- 
like a system based on cable deliv- 

There was also a prototype sys- 
tem for ground-based digital trans- 
mission robust enough to deliver a 
dear signal from a moving vehicle. 
It will not be ready until around 
2010, a timetable dictated by gov- 
ernment. planning, which sees the 
present system in place at least un- 
til 2007. 

The technology, developed in 
tandem with NBC Corp., would 
have immediate application for 
coverage of marathon races and 
other such events. 

The technical strides and limita- 
tions in their application reflect the 
dose ties ofNHK and Japan’s elec- 

tronics companies, which have 
staked billions, of dollars to develop 
the analog sy stem over the pasi 30 

“They want to put it to the con- 
sumer and coroe back 10 years later 
with a new product,” said Peter 
Wolff, a technology analyst at CS 
rust Boston (Japan ) Ltd. “The his- 
tory of technology is littered with 
products developed for no purpose. 
MUSE could be an amusing exam- 

Given the investment of capital, 
technology and time, it was hardly 
surprising that Akimasa Egawa, a 
senior official in Japan's Ministry 
of Posts and Telecommunications, 
was forced to retract comments 
made in February to the effect that 
Japan ought to consider dropping 
analog HDTV in favor of an all- 
digital system like that favored by 
the United States and Europe. 

NHK’s view that an all-digital 
format is not worth the wail also 
reflects the expectation that the de- 
velopment of commercially viable 
broadcast and consumer equip- 
ment win take longer than support- 
ers of the technologies have said. 

But Mr. Morikawa's comment 
that viewers are unconcerned with 
whether their TV programming is 
delivered by digital or analog 
means assumes that the consumer 
is not eager for interactivity. The 
main advantage of an all -digital 
system is that it can be integrated 
more easily with computers. 

NHK’s commitment to an analog 

Ravnns \'chi 

YANGMEI, Taiwan — President Technology 
Inc., which emerged last year from the shell of the 
American computer company Wang Laboratories 
Inc., plans to stake its future on making monitors, 
the company's president said Wednesday. 

"We will emphasize the monitor business only." 
said John Cheng, who became president in a man- 
agement shuffle last month. He said he would 
submit a business plan to directors Saturday. 

President Technology hopes to manufacture 
60,000 monitors a month by the end of the year, up 
from 12,000 at present. Mr. Cheng said. 

The push into the competitive monitor business 

by the company — an affiliate of President Enter- 
prises Corp., which produces noodles, flour and 
other foods — is full of risk, analysis said. But 
President may have few other choices. 

“They decided to go into the monitor business 
because it was relatively easy to enter.” said Derek 
Tien, an ckcironics-induslry analyst with Baring 
Securities in Taipei. “Yet just about everyone i* 
going into the monitor business, and we feel there 
is going to be a gluL" 

President Technology, formerly Wong Labora- 
tories (Taiwan) Ltd„ has faced troubles since it was 
acquired by President Enterprises and several affil- 
iates in March 1993. analysts said. 

President Enterprises currently owns 19 percent 
of Presidaii Technology, according to Su Yi- 
chung. a spokesman for the food company. 

Wang Laboratories (Taiwan) as recently as 1989 
was selling 5200 million annually of minicomput- 
ers, personal computers, power supplies and moni- 
tors, mostly to Wang customers overseas. 

Seeing what seemed a good prospect, President 
Enterprises and its affiliates took a 30 percent 
stake in Wang's Taiwan manufacturing subsidiary 
in 1990 in hopes of listing the company on the 
Taiwan Stock Exchange. - 

Instead, they ended up with shrinking assets 
when the U.S. company entered Chapter fl bank- 
ruptcy-law protection in August 1992. 

The Taiwan investors in 1993 took over all of 
Wang Laboratories iTaiwanj and changed the 
name to President Technology Inc. 

While Wang Laboratories emerged from Chap- 
ter II in September 1993, things got off to a rough 
start for the Taiwan concern. Its sales fell to less 
than $50 million last year from $144 million in 
1992 amid shrinking business from its former 
American parent. Efforts to develop notebook 
computers and other new item also failed to gener- 
ate quick sales or profit. 

The replacement of President James Liu with 
Mr. Cheng last month was seen as a sign that the 
investors were about the company's prospects. 

President Technology does not plan to hall com- 
puter production entirely, but it will switch virtual- 
ly all its resources to sates and production of 
monitors, Mr. Cheng said. Six executives have 
been added to help with the new thrust, he said. 

The company sees “three or four years of expan- 
sion in monitor sales, and 1 have the working 
capital available" to build up production enough 
to compete on price. Mr. Cheng said. 

Undo' his plan, the company will produce 14- 
indi. 15-inch and 1 7- inch color monitors by the 
end of the year, to be sold to large overseas 
customers that can put their own brand names on 
the monitors. 

Whether President will succeed, analysis said, 
depends on how quickly it can form relationships 
with these prospective overseas customers. 

Price competition among existing suppliers is 
intense, yet many are gearing up to expand output 
this year and next. Mr, Tien of Baring said. 

President's plan to make 60,000 monitors a 
month represents a “very aggressive” goal, he said. 

Bridge Oil Attacks Takeover Bid 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

SYDNEY — Directors of Bridge 

system also highlights what many oil Ltd. on Wednesday rejected a 
see as a competitive chasm between takeover offer from Parker &Pars- 

formal reply to the hostile bid. ests in the United States in Texas, 
which valued the company at 294 Louisiana and New Mexico. Parker 
million Australian dollars t US52I6 & Parsley is an independent oil and 
million). gas company. 

Bridge Oil’s directors supported Bridge Oil's shares were un- 
their unanimous recommendation changed at 74 cents on the Austin- 
with a valuation from the indepen- linn Stock Exchange on Wednes- 
dent corporate consultants Gram day. Bridge shares have traded as 

NHK and Nippon Telegraph & ley Petroleum Co., based in Mid- 
Tdqphone Corp., Japan's main rde- land. Texas, as “blatantly opporui- 
phone company, which is eager to nis lie and advised shareholders 
wire the country with fiber-optic ca- not to accept it 
Nes and advance into multimedia. Bridge Oil also said it was in 

keover offer from Parker & Pars- million). 
i Petroleum Co., based in Mid- Bridge Oil's directors supported 
nd. Texas, as “blatantly opponu- their unanimous recommendation 
Stic" and advised shareholders with a valuation from the indepen- 
n to accept it dent corporate consultants Gram 

Bridge Oil also said it was in Samuel & Associates. 

Iks with other parties that had The valuation concluded that 

vf _ . . , . . . , talks with other parties that had The valuation concluded that 

NTT said Wednesday it would expressed an interest in it since Paiter A Parsley’s bid was "neither 
lmk up with Silicon Graphics Inc. Parker & Parsley made its offer on fair nor reasonable." 
of the United States to develop May If. Grant Samuel evaluated Bridge 

interactive hardware and services The company said directors “be- Oil shares at 95 Australian cents to 
such as video on demand, home Heve that the discussions may lead 1.13 Australian dollars each, corn- 
shopping and long-distance educa- j 0 a higher offer being made." pared with the Parker & Paisley bid 
ton and medical consultations. The recommendation to reject of 70 cents. 

Testing would start m early 1995. the offer was relayed in Bridge OiT s Bridge Oil has oil and gas inter- 

pared with the Parker ■& Paisley bid 
of 70 cents. 

Bridge Oil has oil and gas inter- 



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high as 16 cents since the bid was 

Parker & Parsley says its offer 
represents a 37 percent premium 
on the average price of Bridge Oil 
shares in the 30 days before it be- 
gan buying its stake in the compa- 
ny. it owns about 17.5 million 
shares, or 4.2 percent of the total 
outstanding, in Bridge Oil. 

The offer by Parker & Parsley 
closes on July 1. 

If the tender offer is completed, 
Parker & Paisley said, it would 
consolidate Bridge CHI's U2S. oper- 
ations into its own but keep Bridge 
Oil as a subsidiary. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters, APj 

Hanoi Asks 
Stu<fy on 
Gas Output 

HANOI — Vietnam has ap- 
j pointed a foreign consortium to 
study the feasibility of a 5400 mil- 
lion plan to launch an offshore gas 

industry, a spokesman for one of 
the foreign companies said 

British Gas PLC, Mitsui & Co. 
of Japan and TransConada Pipe- 
Lines Lid. were named to conduct 
the study in partnership with the 
state oil company Pctru Vietnam. a 
spokesman for British Gas said. 

If the idea is adopted, the com- 
panies would form a joint venture 
to implement the first major pro- 
ject, using gas that is currently 
burned off during oil production at 
the Bach Ho Held in the South 
China Sea. Vietnam's only operat- 
ing cni de-oil field. 

Hyundai Heavy Industries Co. 
of South Korea began work in 
April on a 124-kilometer (77-mile) 

f iipdine to bring the gas ashore, the 
irst phase of the project. 

The feasibility study on the sec- 
ond phase, to build onshore facili- 
ties and pipelines to take the gas (o 
Ho Chi Minh City, is expected to 
take 12 to 16 weeks. 

Vietnam currently has no gas in- 
dustry apart from a small field m 
the Hanoi basin in the north, but 
industry sources say there Is con- 
siderable long-term potential in the 
oil fields in the South China Sea. 

An estimated 3 million cubic me- 
ters ( 105 million cubic feet) of gas 
is burned off each day at Bach Ho, 
and some companies prospecting 
for oil in other offshore fields have 
found gas. 

British Petroleum Co. and Nor- 
way’s SiatoiJ have reported finding 
natural gas in their offshore areas, 
but they' said they would not know 
until the end of the year whether the 
find would be rommercialty viable. 

■ Hanoi Cots Income Tax 
Vietnam has reduced personal 
income tax rates and raised the 
minimum level of taxable income. 
The Associated Press reported, 
quoting state-run Vietnam News. 

The resulting increase in person- 
al savings is expected to help stimu- 
late the economy, which grew 73 
percent last year' 

The new rates range from 10 per- 
cent to 60 percent of taxable in- 
come for citizens, compared with a 
previous top rate of 80 percent. 

Incomes of less than 12 million 
dong (51 10) a month are now ex- 
empt from taxation, compared 
with 650,000 dong under the previ- 
ous tax law. 

Hong Kong 
Hang Seng 




J F M 

Singapore - 


Nikkei 225 

Exchange index 

Hong Kong Hang Seng 

Singapore Straits Times 

Sydney ABOtthnariss 

Tokyo ' NKkel E25 

1994 . . 109* 

index - Wednesday Prev, % 

■ Gkwe Close .Change 

Hang Seng 9,2 0MB 9,247 £8 +0.47 

Straits Times . 2£65*5 . 2.267.21 *0.07 

A8 Ordinaries 2,073.70 2.07020 +0.46 

NMuN 225 • 21,281,90 21,042.71 +1.04 

Kuala Lumpur Composite 96&31 972.42 -0.32 

Bangkok SET IjnUl 1.38&39 -0.94 

Seoul Composite Stock 933.02 021.72 +133 

Taipei Weighted Price ty®&58 6,06945 +0.47 

Manila PSE 3,017.16 2,934.54 +0.76 

Jakarta Stock Index 48&90 488.11 -0.25 

New Zealand NZSE-40 2,11635 2,121.88 -026 

Bombay National Index 1.943J98 ' 1,9424)6 +0.06 

Sources • Reuters. AFP Imcnaimul llerald Tribute 

Very briefly: 

• Japan's Ministry of Intennlioaa] Trade and Industry, bowing to U.S. 
requests, will use the number of car dealerships selling foreign cars to 
evaluate the openness of the market, a newspaper said — provided the 
step does not lead Washington to press for a numerical target. 

• Yeo Hiap Seng Lid of Singapore said it would lose exclusive rights to 
bottle Pepsi-Cola beverages after its agreement expires next year. 

• Outokumpu Zinc Australia agreed to fund further exploration work on 
the Panorama joint venture in Western Australia. 

• GJL Crane Hotdmgs Ltd, an Australian plumbing-supply firm, said it 
would acquire New Zealand-based Mico Wakefield from the company’s 
founders for 532.1 million. 

• AT&T CorpL has completed the sale of its telephone manufacturing 
subsidiary in Bangkok to Cham Uswachobe, majority shareholder of 
AJphalec Electronics Co. 

• Bank at Cana said it planned to sell five- and seven-year fixed-rate 
bonds of 200 million to 3u0 million Deutsche marks (51 20 million toS180 
million) in Frankfurt this year if the German bond market picked up. - 

• Australia’s banks rejected proposals by the securities regulator to 

assume control of over-the-counter derivatives. ; 

NiT. AFX, Bloomberg, Krught-Jht&Jer 

( Arab Space and Aeronautical Research Publishers Ltd. ^ 

Asaip Pudfchlng Ltd is a specialised research and pubOshsio Company Whose 
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afl things aeronautical in the arab-speakmg world. 

Looking tor partnership, sponsorship at an International advertising company 
interested m Middle- East, Seutfla, and Gull Stales markets. 

Contact Mr. A. BAZAMA 

Tel. +357 2 368466. 388467 office 

+3579 522858 personal 

fax *357 2 44456A. 368*75 

l P.O. Box 4297 , 




Appears on Page 7 

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UJ. 17141757:1070 F» 270 

Page 16 



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C«wmM. IM. 
X«w Tart TritHf IM. 


* THRU Cl NTS - 
In Ni* TMk C*r* 

Invaders Make Modest Advances; 
Repel All Nazi Counter-Attacks; 
Planes Hammer Foe’s Airfields 

’ r ' ; ‘r£ 
. •’ Kr?i 


j • 

F ar ley Quits ! mericans Push Ahead in Italy , Flyers Pound 0 
As State Head Win Chitave eMa, R ome’s Port Airfields ^ 

OfHAvtiAAMritr. Encounter First Resistance as Two Naa Battalions r p » 

"vfflUCralS Attempt a Delaying Action Below Tarquinia ; 111 f f*01lt ZOI16 

In an Unexpected Move 

as Campaign Nears, He si irircicti to m« Hcraid Tritaw {planned. I jjq Miles of Fishtinc! 

p*. (n - J. . , Copyright. 1ML Hex Ttik Tribune Sue. Just above Tarquinia is the ® O 

uies nnsiness Unties with the strabuy above River Marta, which, with the up- at Norman Beachheads 

CIVITAVECCHIA. Italy, June 8. — lands of Tuscany on the northern — ■ — 

Committee to Pick ~ S£ k ' ^ * “ t * Ml ““ Allied Sorties Total 

Successor July ll 7", 27,000 Since D Day 

American troops encountered this of 36.000, fell without a shot yes- 

Republicans Call Action raornlnK flrst organized resis- terday morning. Advance patrols » fl :i T., nr i; ftna Arniind 
c- T. tanee since they quit Rome. entering at 10 a. m. found that the U Juncuon8 Around 

a Definite 3lgn That About two battalions of enemy Germans had evacuated the city Paris Bombed; Seine 

n a- p| anc p. m infantry, supported by tanks and seven hours earlier, leaving two D ■ j a **.„ a 

Koosc velt r tans to Kim gun^ attempted to seventy-foot 280 mm railway guns Bridges Arc Hit Again 

. . halt the Americans from dug-ln sitting In the railroad yards. 

By Francis M- Stephenson positions below Tarquinia. The Other trophies Included BB-mm. By Richard L. Tot in 
James JL Parity resigned unex- enemy strung out so thinly across guns abandoned north of the town, fl » rti^uuns nufurm ituv< 

pectcdly yesterday as chairman of the slx-mlle coastal plain, how- a twelve-foot range finder, and copyrtsst. i*«. *tw varAmaun c inc. 
the Democratic State Committee ever, that it was evident nothing {Continued on pope 6, column 3> SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, 
on the eve of the 1944 Fmfaftenttal ; Allied Expeditionary Forces. June 

Four-Day Drive Has Covered 60 Miles j 

By Homer Bigart {more than a delaying action was 25 Bases Withinj 

150 Miles of Fighting 
at Norman Beachheads 

men that “business duties and Morgan Estate, Russians Gain abova Invasion beaches changed J 

ublipation-s" would not permit him -a-) -» l x T a a u dramatically tonight to an Allied 

— — for Kef used asP ark In LocalAttacks 

State, Is Sold In Iasi Region T id Caen. In Normandy. France. 

of Franklin D. Roosevelt us Presl-' * . C7 Anted air superiority 13 so pro- 

dent but. nwp^hetjc to the 257-Acre Glen Cove Tract Seize Important Hei^it; 

third term and to the Impending . D . . j - eiOA ^ D c d* xT j “““ air action. that every German 

tourth-tenn drive, made bis nn- “arcnaBCd tor §1ZU,UUU JNazi Report* Of Big Ked airfield behind the Cherbourg-Le pt^i • ittpuau irom ai* ft n cwi* nuuopbMo severe but piecemeal enemy coun- 

expected announcement in am- by Unidentified Concern Offensive Unconfirmed Havre ^“dings within this radius ALLIED 1 hikes MELT — Admiral Sir Bertram Ram, ay, left. naval commander-. General Dwight D. ter-attacks but all reporta reach-; 

pared statement which he banded 15 fe e lln * the weight Of Allied Eisenhower. dlhed commander in chief, and General Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, commander of Allied In* Allied headauarters indicated 

ti newspaper men la bis office In The 257-acre East Island estate ** bomba. The pounding continued ground f„r,e,. a , they conferred yesterday on H. M. S. Apollo off the French c out ty,-. th ~_ *♦»»,.*, ***** 

the BUlmore Hotel. He has m- of the late J. P. Morgan on Marine- K>NDON. June , 9 , ( ™d*T> ■— after dark. There is no prece- repulsed. 

sidrd there as state chairman cock Point. Olen Cove. L. I„ one of d ^ fo '‘ ILs concentraricn. F I < P 11 ll (I W P I* tin Wit V Vld'tfhrQ (Wnn Tin Cniv>/»*o 11 WB5 annoum-ed at headnuar- 

un £.'^ l SSSSsSs \ ‘ en “ ° w e r 2?^*, J ?" M p r P ; %? ’ slt ir 

-4? «« m “r^ p ^” 12 a° A^erts_ E v e ll ts The Only Germans Left There ^ iT y 

another national campaign and laUve real-estate be- ^ * ed tl J^ d ^ 31 Dn * oscow an* u , ... 7~Z ~ second phase, ronsoiidacion tir tlie 

one of great importance. My busl- came known yesterday. sovle^ Anny organ '*Red SSl^ SuS / ^ ^ , AHlCS Hold High Ground Coitlllianiling Roads, fooUiold and successfully rngag- 

3 - uU ° -■« *« N u “ - - ass^ararst R ir - , R»n.k C d. Believed Waiting for Beal Time « "« “r 1 *“ 

such that I coald not possibly early 1900 s and occupied by him Russia drive, with Berlin _twentv-flve Nazi air nests ail Car *‘ * ,rw,n frjr.rr. Hr 5?ays „ in progress early yesterday. 

BV. th. -aich unffl hfa d«th an March 13. m3. M ite ob]KU ,^ »„ unmlMnt. w - um. All Have Pro. ad Ability lo ThrOK P ommel s Tanks in to the Fray b...* for auu o» 

conduct ttet work. ror th.t «7 o.jsi cod cudweed, bcrictc >° Carry Out Allied Plan By Henry Bncldcy Pricoacr t ewture d In the u« 

reason I am resigning as chair- the three-story Georglan-style -Our «anw are straining to race i K*S U f rt * 1 ? » 1 FoT ihe combined Allied press d f y ^. i ” dl if d U ^ t 

man of the Democrallc State Com- main house, numerous tenant for the pavements of Berlin.'’ "Rod SSS* - . Uia f a 10 of Q ™ B 5aw ^ uvamii Vo-rirn.s WlTH A I I - JEr > FORCES in bayeux, France. June 8— We axe a L, 1 !! 5t 

mittee." houses, a dairy farm, outbuildings, star" said. “Our eye is turned to P 7|00 0 _ individual missions have SUPREME HEADQL ARTERS. . , n Bayeux. a town lying about five miles from the coast and reached ° t ^ n . 

StiD ‘'Interested In Party" gardens, a tidal Jake and a bathing the west. Soon Russian Infantry ***? . fl ? wn ^ AU ”i n _, lhe ^wdaionary Forces. _June Ly » pleasant country road which climbs up through the gently ^nn r^f 

" u _ . . M ^ min imZ?" period from dawn June 6 ' D Day i 8.— General Da tum D Eiscn- rolling country of western Nor-« — - — slons would consUtule a force of 

questions, but Mr. Farley answered It is situated in the vicinity of The British Bro adcasting Cor- 40 no ? n 4oday - ° ne hundred and bower declared today m a conn- mandy. The Germans left only q • «rv- approxlmaicy 150.000, but on th' s 

only one for the record, and that several other large estates, indud- poration picked up a Berlin broad- 5CVentj ' six enemy aircra ^ t ’ havf dcnl apprfusaI ° r l,e rmall parties of snipers in the town StllRSftH WfimS *^ d Russian ,ataly 

^ InLry “ fu^e lng those of Herbert L. Pratt, cart of a D. N? B. dispatch saying *"*“ destroyed in the air in this lour hours ol u.e au,^ mission nnd the surrounding country. ^ lUll5UU YYctTXlft the Nazi division has been organ- 

noliUcal activity He said- " It is Mrs. E. H. HarJuiess. Paul Prylbil the Russians on Wednesday Sftme and 289 Allied an of Fiance rim In;. J.niii in the Apart from these snipers, the last Af 6 XT J A ? lzc * around as few as 8J»o men. 

Sv^tnnl fora feDow who h« *nd Donald GeddS^ 2aunched*Sbbcra. doS cran •» missing. A headquarter., sen. air and pmun.i us,.L- l>r.d been Germans seem to have left Bayeux Ui flHFCl UaVS Maln ( vhne lhe , b*ttte 

only natural lor a fenow wno oas nf IVl - ™ n TZ ZTZr' c£r~? n air expert said that Allied losses "completely jumrU-d' ,.nd that ihe about 7 o'clock this morning. — _ _ J see«« to be ragmg me in the 

the success of tte made by Douglas GibbooT* Co! siUons on iht heights norSi 1 ^ included 611 OI alTCTa31 eround force-, under Gcneial Sir. These groups ol snipers are an Tjj |jlA TtlVHSlOD C4e f ““ and aIon * *** lateral 
3t^lSS5mSi8« lS tooadSst apwrSitS 4,1 missi(ms siflCC ^ invasion Bernard L. Montgomery weie "per- [irritant rather than a serious AU ^ UiVdSlUXi roa d west ol Bayeux Armored 

Vhe ivn,. fCORfinaed onpcipe 21. column 4f (Continued on page 3. columns started, and that the 289 lost forming magnificently.' (threat. They lie hidden in the ( u *“ ts “» ““Based on both sides. 

Htnid hc will H topd Ibr pl&nes wen about 1 per cent ol the Back at command post alter hedges, and though they pick off Only 'Firfil Hurdle Taken/| T * 1C ol two types oC Ger- 

A A ranp Niurmil Cnri ventlOD 81 . ... ^ _ <i. _ _ ■ I * 1 

Paris Bombed; Seine 
Bridges Are Hit Again 

By Richard L. Tohin 

Bp rtle JUKJM to tar rtfTOJO itiovi 
C spjnstat. INI. Pern York Tnounr Inc. 

Allied Expeditionary Forces. June 
8. — The tremendous AlUed air cover 
abova Invasion beaches changed 
dramalically tonight to an Allied 
air offensive against twenty-five 
first-line German airfields within 
• radius of 150 miles of Bayeux 

4 * 

Offensive Unconfirmed Havr “ tendings within this radius 

ts feeling the weight of Allied 

sv ra* bailee erm bombs. The pounding continued! 

LONDON. June 9 (Friday). — long after dark. There is no pnece-1 

AasActaicd Piuj wlrcphoio trom signal Carp. nuUopboio 
ALLIED t HIKES MEET — Admiral Sir Bertram Ramtay, left, naval commander; General Dwight D, 
Eiarnlniuer . dllieJ commander in chief , end General Sir Bernard L. Montgomery, commander of Allied 
g round fur,-e,, a, they conferred yesterday on H. M. S. Apollo off the French coast 

Eisenhower Bayeux Victors Mop UpSnipers, 

Nazis Battle 
Fiercely on 
French Front 

Pour In Reserves All 
Along Line; Invaders 
Maintain Their Gains 

Bayeux-Caen Area ' 
Is Still Contested 

Allies Rush Aid by Sea' 
After 24-Hour Lag Due 
to Weather on Channel 

By Geoffrey Parsons Jr. “ 

Bp fetepnoa, ts taa utrata rntur ’ i 
Copyright. 1M4, Nc* Torts Trluoo* laa 
Allied Expeditionary Forces. June i 
(Friday > .—AlUed forces In theNor- 
mondy bridgehead are pairing 
modest gains all along Uie front* 
against elements of at least ten 
German divisions, it was stated 
orririaJly at midnight tonight. 

Tiie enemy was fighting fleredy 
and has brought his reserves into 
action from one end of the battle, 
line to the other. There have ‘been 
severe but piecemeal enemy coun- 
ter-attacks. but all reports reach-' 
ing AlUed headquarters indicated 
that all these attacks have been 

It was annpunred at headquar- 
ters that ihe first phase of tha 
invasion, the securing of a foot- 

- — “r “““ great Russian drive, with Berlin twentv- 

give the tbne necessary ondwhteh until his death on March 13, 1943. objective, was Imminent, say- told. 

I Believe is necessary, to properly the estate was appraised at ^ tutorial that “It is time ,, , 
conduct that work, and for that *870,152 and embraced, besides to fini.h off the Germans.” c 

reason I am resigning as chair- the three-story Georglan-style -Qur are straining to race Sup ^ m 

By Henry Buckley 

For the combined Allied press 

Prisoners captured in the last 
three days indicated that elements 

wrra *ii® SmSSESKJS* Jlm < „_ we 

^avonv a mam «... , .< ^ ere in action on the battle front. 

<? £ jrsrsxssr: IT SS, zrESmTSSfu w- o. M. »— a™. — o-»- su ssr- - In Ihe Invasion c *“ “ - 

nLfSSMlhSte! ^Ta»t ■ n, teMdSit "1 mtelOM S m« U., B,rn a rd U Monnomrry «,«"!*,- iniunt r a ther th» a ata 1U UU XliValSlUll rorf 

ocraric National Convention at — _ f .. — - 

Chicago July 19 as a delegate. |j ~~ _ 

Asked if be would be a candidate U (V/Mrit nn f i 

for the Presidential nomination. {] "**' ** 

as he was In 2940. he raised his H— . 

hands forhwdlnaiy and replied tw m-ABlON 

“no comment-'* The weU known THEINV AKION 

Farley smile made one of its rare 

Allied planes involved. a (rip to the invasion area aboard ao occasional party, they do not «„ C« v . l„. p_i|_ i, man tanks, the radio-con trolled 

The po unding of France goes on a British naval vessel, the Allied seem 10 have offered any very ^ ^ Beetle, which made Its first W>- 

tonlght without let up or hm- leader acknawiedgcrt rina one serious resistance save In the a* rent AccomplwhmCtil pearance In Italy, and the Hornet, 

drancc — by heavy bombers, me- mlher si rung roiti.iri -aiiot'k had actual coastal defense positions. ; — was announced. The latter tank 

dlum bombers and Uahl sU-nlliiB develujirfl. l«ui hr uppr-u rri cun- yo me times they surrender quite By Leo Cullinane 13 *** ImprovtXl version of Jie Ger- 

p lanes. Behind the combat rone fidmi llml ll u- rvri-iiirrcaMog easily. WASHINGTON. June 8. — Bee- Mark JV - fitted with an M- 

flghter-bombers range over the Ahn-cJ forces cuui>l rrpui.v u So wc hold Bayeux and. which ret&ry of War Henry L. Stlmson m ‘li lmclfr 8ua - 

countryside In a deep belt many Correspondents at General Eike- is militarily much more important, warned today that “only the first T“ e Carmans are also reported 
miles south and southeast of the houer's headquarters acre told wr hold the high ground that Ues hurdle has been taken" against 10 , usm * lhelr self-propelled B»- 

(CoTLtinucdonpaoel.column 3> lhat the AII)td lro °^ iltd f “ und to the east and southeast of the the Germans with Lhe establish- , Un fit r ■^‘P ur POse gun and 

— scattered and urll piepmcd Ger- 1 town and commands the roads ment of a foothold la France, and lhe r 105-n, “'*m«ter gun. one of 

News on Inside Pages 

both sides of Bayeux. 

appearances of the Interview at p^pje ^ Bayeux dance in streets 

this point. He was giving up a post 
he has enjoyed greatly, and he 
obviously was affected. 

while Allies enter. Pare 3 
1st Infantry Division leading at- 
tack in France again. Page 3 

He called a meeting of the Dem- Flyers believe that the Luftwaffe 
oeratic Stale Committee for July has been beaten. Page 4 
11 at th: National Democratic Bow parachutists held two 


state chairman. He offered i no sue- ^ “nfad helL" Page 4 
cesser. Administration leaders had Allfn SAys America" is 

not agreed test night on a candt- theme of Nazi chiefs. Page 5 
date, it was learned authoritatively invasion tanks waterproofed in 
that President Roosevelt knew In three-month task. Page 5 
advance of Mr. Parley’s decision. Invasion communiques. Page 2 

Brooklyn Democratic slate omits 
' Rep. Donald O Toole. Page 11 
Max Waterman chosen on Tam- 
many’s slate for House. Pace 1 1 
Record makers protest W. L. B.'s 
delays In Petri no cose. Page 14 

delays In Petrino case. Page 14 _ . . - ..r- »>wi field defen.v» -n rouse sectors. u, ftt converge upon Bayeux. that heavy Nan counter-attacks tht be5t In use by 

Lmabergh lntlieGlIuprU, butUmtAn.ed .u-poverdom-nates. ^ Marshal KarIRudolI Gerd can be elected ellh " sldc ' 

B^ofSttaSteScMPtabSa- Inslruchng U. S. Airmen The supreme commander ails -.on Runstedt has not yet shown ahead." • Flycre Pound Communication. 

teSSritotoSmSnpieSl . asked whether he Miisfled his hand, and speculation will be That the full fury of these The Allied air forces amttnMd 

v.««wiT He Ib Teaching Men Phases of and he replied anh a wry grin vam and unprofitable unUl he does counter-attacks will cost many . JJhpUv 

NATIONAL Hieh-AIlilude Flying that no commander it ever com- so. and perhaps afterward. But it American lives was clearly reflect- Mmmi^Ilratio^^sSn^on 1 ^^ 

Twenty-one brigadiers nominal- _? ® , pletely satisfied bin that the over- does seem clear that the enemy e d in the aravuv of Mr Srimson’s “ m ™ un,c * t,ons “ **J ch 

ed as major generals. Page 7 DETROIT, June 8 (fl*). Charles .conhr.sedonpogr =. coiamn 5» iContiTMied on pope 2. nlumn?) ^ G8nnans must re * to rrin- 

Senate committee asks repox. on A. Lindbergh, who reported re- — — — — WD * repeated cautioning f orce their troops in the Chertxmrx 

p>u nf n.ninmmi win me t Mntiv in Mmini rhMtv w M<m- _ agai n st excessive optimism, at nls nenlnstiia. AmrrieM hMvr hnmha 

although not directly from th?j 
r: tiring chairman- I 

Republican leaders accepted the, 


Pope and Clark talk In Vatican 
alone for ten minutes. Page 6 

ing discrimination banJtege 21 . r ' n “ nano - 61,0 specuiauon wj c 

......... He la Teaching Men Phases of and he replied ttiih a wry grm vain and unprofitable until he dot 

NATIONAL High-Altitude Flying that no commander it com- so. and perhaps afterward. But 1 

Twenty-one brigadiers nominal- * pletely satisfied but that the over- does seem clear that the enem 

ed aa major generals. Page 1 Jun ' 8 p" arles .Contsxaetf on page r. coisum iContinaed on pope 2. column 8; 

Senate committee asks repor. on A. Lindbergh, who reported re- — — — 

case of Colonel Miller. Page 7 cently to Admiral Chester W. Nim- n ■» ■ -p-* • n - 

Professor Lange taefis Stalin iti for special duty wlLh the Navy. \\ J K HdlO £5*003 FIIIW reODle 

-!S*^f£^SfiSJSLS t**'-* "Ol-" r o rcupie 

'—*** m-y- -rasisssr^sa 

CM.-.K C1M* troop, juirnUnloLunjJ 

Emtof-W«k Opportunities 

CMiate ttom Mu'! forces in Btek caves. Fag* 9 

WUf vims couaott RtfUng Had captives to U. 3, Is 

eased “battle of wits." Face 19 
tL. Mtwi m tiiiuuiMOu War c nmmunlmi es. Face 19 
5B&Tw»-Kwpaf*..RW0l SPOUTS 

momised a free : Poland. Pave J is teaching Andean avlatore In A a 1 

7 ^rr^ : For Un 'Z in ^ West 

florae back at Wright. Page IS ^ received here today by O. A. - 

k T . n i- n • rx a peninsula. American heavy bomh- 

^azi Radio Preparing People conf " cnce ^ ^ 

For Long .Struggle in the Wesi n^[SS ^‘.“^1^“^ 

” Fr " ,cp numbers and that wuthw „ l 0 f the bat Ur front. IE 

By |»ph Barne. U™ oUv.auUy to 

r-"r, Tnhw *>.»«■ improve morale by praising it. jh™ i Q tn-vl table battle the , “** T? 

top.nshi. v.„ 01h „ lumn , UgredteIta ta ft, 

LONDON. June 8.— Nazi P r opa- ^ * JSS'S fit 

er escort accompanied the bomb* 
ere on these missions. 

Idnar. Uv rri. a 9 «rMBaaL WWi 

ftSSFi^tSS- TT :.wiS=; 

U*nuil vnttr. prvf. prfrfuh 

ZTFSSr »«V m twni ' «*'■ 


minou . Giants down Braves. 6—4. as Editorials ....IB Books . . 

Voaelle heals Tobin. Page 22 Major Eliot . 21 Fashions 
nodeere bent Phlte. S -3. 6—1. In Short. 21 Food . . 
« aiririB . . nn Jumping in mih ptari-. Page 22 Mulllvaii 21 Hnrlrty 

n V^, j Welch ok Informs House UB. wUI Johnson, chief of the Ford Motor B Joseph Barne* them was obviously designed to Muring across Lhe Channel When U “ Bm " canL °* ™ IacJC “ 

fS ?9 tette Ward's again. Faga t« Company marine fleet. improve morrie by praising it. ^ “* ““ ** 

■iSSLt aarment unton P 1 *** Oublnsky The letter came from Mr. John- ewjn*w. i **. »» nra ttiw.m lae. other i-nrtin W ingredlente in the ^ 8th *** Porce comxnunlque tMiA 

*85? « ™««nt again. FXg. 1« son's son. a recent arrival In the londqn. June 8-Na* props- N| S D " ^ ** m0Unt ** * “medium-sized- fight- 

,b amp '- ™ sisrrsst^s z =< s,— j— “ *■ tanb - 

sp s -- rr rsr,: rcis ssnr js* sr ssjz - — * 

Ui ffii’las. «s“SS»SS33S=sS-SSaS 

3. 6— I. In Short. 21 Food .. It with hteh alutiirip fivinx onfirtenre a ~ row * benefit and at Mosrow n Ihw ,n *‘»Jy up to May 30 were I | WrompV , shattered Afrika 

PUe2Z Nulllwui 21 Hnrlrty 19 i.„ r ainAl \ 1 " unn “ »nlr.e M, W lly. lhe Orntum pmpir »■*** WM«I. 9MM nouM mthl Kl , no han lllI19 l9T lirrB rP|P1uM 

With hlgh-altlliidr flying. 

illruta. IlnmniL-i anil 

Mifc «»“ r ‘“1^; homer In 9th. 8— 7. Page 22 (Bridge 241 

££ S"mMT-SSit'>r c,. ...*m Snbdued wins ASterla -at Aque- {Webster .... 21 
w «uw-»iqa. wgLyw ■ “uViin duet as favorites fall, ran 23 f~Mr.and Mrs. "38 
rMMimr WmT*w Views of Sport. by A1 j Nature story. 12 

YoJikrm lunr to Itrtl Hat on jcillllt. Wlimm. 4 Amuarm'U. M-I 4 I 1 ° n * ,,ta r|l,,,r “““'teten l»« r j |Jf . t . lJMlri| l . lMi „i,, rn i, rBll 

cm«u uoiyH. 

rage 23 Puzzle 

Bridge 24 Fresh Air. 17 hta Wgh-aJULude Inslrurtlniis kUl| „ L M llK |y ( rM r d-Uib, ..f H.r ».- 

Webster .... 24 Real estate . 24 tha Pacific have been with a vasl<>n from Ngal M „, rcrt ]^ L nlgl.t 

“Bir.and Mrs.“39 Radio 29 typo of plane which many flyer* (U]d tod but whja Kls Klvm 

Nature story. 12 Obituaries . 14 believed could not be operated el — _ 

iwaruc -re bring lul.1 not U, rsprtt dr fra 1 ".Oil mtartiu; a Urtaluf S7.M9. . L tPI , - n ,r 2Ut Rap. 

*Z. al ’LL? , m an inn at in. 

1 _ vaslon from Nazi sourer* IilsL nigM _ lc <n arcompllshmmt Uie success of arM n , lul> 

.-.nunarnii Hm, n,.n, n r . mmommum ~^S=SZ 7 ZZ . ,7 22LST* SSS.'^JSLfTS 

14 believed could not be operated nl — to the flood or German news — Airuome Division. «hlch hgs 

24-29 unusual betfhta JiS?. :f JTwST*. "W* • Continued on pope 2. c atom n 2 » i« ■533Enr*fiL" ,,T ‘ established contact with sea-boqgi 

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Page 18 


ers Within a 

u ftf ''i © 

Cup in 54 Years 

By Helene Elliott 

Las Angela Tuna Struct 

VANCOUVER. Canada — 
Their paths were intertwined, the 
two young stars who carried their 
teams to the Stanley Cup finals. 
For several memorable moments, 
the New York Rangers' defense- 
man Brian Leetch and the Vancou- 
ver Canucks’ right wing Pavel Bure 
reached new heights until Leetch 
took the Rangers a giant step down 
the path to their first Cup in 54 

Leetch sparked a rally on Tues- 
day night with his 10th goal of the 


playoffs and set up three more a* 
the Rangers got a 4-2 victory that 
gave them a 3-1 lead in ihefour-of- 
seven-game final round. 

Only the 1942 Toronto Maple 
Leafs have ever rallied from a 3-1 
deficit to win the Cup. and if the 
Canucks are to duplicate that, they 
must start by winning in Madison 
Square Garden on Thursday night. 

“TT\e place is going to be a mad- 
house," said the Rangers' coach. 
Mike Keenan. “The fan support is 
bordering on fanaticaL" 

Leetch also figured in a pivotal 
play for the Canucks by pulling 
down Bure on a breakaway that 
resulted in a penalty shot. Bure, 
who had set up Vancouver's second 
goal, had his shot stopped by Mike 
Richter's right leg and was not 
heard from again. 

“I can't do a lot of the things 
Pavel can. so i just look for oppor- 
tunities," Leetch said. 

But there seemed' to be little 
Leetch could not do in this game. 

Trevor Linden's re-direction of 
Jyrki Lu mine's shot from the slot at 
13:25 save the Canucks their first 

The .-tai via W Press 

Forget winning the game. David 
Cone was happy to still have his 

Cone became the AL's fust nine- 
game winner on Tuesday night as 
Kansas City rallied with five runs 
in ihe sixth inning for a 7-3 victory 
over the Baltimore Orioles.. 

He gave up five hits and two runs 
in eight innings. But his biggest 
accomplishment may have been 
withstanding two line-drive shots 

through the box. 

In the third inning. Cone was hit 
on the left knee by a liner off the 
bat of Mark McLemore. Then, in 
the eighth. Rafael Palmeiro nearly 
decapitated Cone with another line 

Tm just happy to be alive." said 
Cone, “i'm just happy to be here 
talking to you guys. One hit off my 
knee. One whined right by my ear. 
1 didn't even see it, but I heard ii." 

Cone, at v-2. joined Atlanta's 
Greg Maddux as the major league's 
only nine-game winners. 

Chico Lind and Wally Joyner 
each hit two-run singles in the sixth 
for the Royals, who prevented Ben 
McDonald from getting his ninth 
victory. McDonald, who was 
knocked out in the sixth, was mak- 

power-play goal of the series, and 
Cliff Ronning bunged in the re- 
bound of Bure's shot at 1 6: 1 9 as the 
Canucks took a 2-1 lead. 

When the Vancouver goalie. 
Kirk McLean, made a glove save 
on Leetch on a breakaway at 18:43, 
the game seemed to belong lo the 
Canucks. But the Rangers clawed 
back, first on Leetch’s long goal 
through a screen at 4:03 of the 
second period. 

Then Leetch pulled Bure down 
and the referee. Terry Gregson. 
pointed to center ice. signaling a 
penalty shot. “It was a good call." 
Leetch said. 

Bure tried the same move he had 
used against Calgary's Mike Ver- 
non in Vancouver's first-round se- 
ries. He scored a double-overtime 
goal against Vernon, but could not 
gel past Richter. 

■•He came out from the neu and 
that’s why 1 couldn’t shoot,' 1 said 
Bure, who skaLed in on Richter and 
tried to slip a forehand shot past 
the goalie from about five feet 

Rich ter got his right loe on the 
puck, no more than that. 

The goalie said he had >een 
Bure's use of that same move, but 
added: *’I wasn’t looking for that 
particular move, though. He's too 
gcod to think he has only one 

The penalty shot was the seventh 
ever taken in ihe finals. None have 
been successful. 

The Rangers, who hud only five 
power plays to 1 1 for the Canucks, 
tied the score on a power play with 
15.2 seconds left in the second peri- 
od. Sergei Zubov, after taking a 
pass from Leetch. held onto 'the 
puck while several Rangers went to 
the net to screen McLean or be in 

ing his first start since injuring a 
groin muscle on May 28. He gave 
up six runs and eight hits. 

Red Sox 5, Tigers 1: Roger 
Gcmens struck oul a season-high 
12 in Detroit, and Rich Rowland 


hit a two-run homer as Boston end- 
ed a Tour-game skid. 

Clemens, who gave up one run 
and four hits in seven innings, 
struck oul seven in the first three 
i nnin gs. He yielded only Mickey 
Tension's homer in the seventh. 

Blue Jays 9. White Sox 5: Wil- 
son .Alvarez had his 15-game win- 
ning streak slopped in Chicago as 
Toronto scored in each of the first 
six innings. 

Roberto Alomar hit a two-run 
homer and an RBI single as the 
Blue Jays handed Alvarez, now 8-1, 
his first loss Since Aug. II. He 
shares the club record with LaMarr 
Hoyt, who won 15 straight in 1983- 
84. Danin Jaeksoa who hit a grand 
slam in the first, drove in ail five 
runs for the White Sox. 

Rangers 10. Yankees 9: David 
Hulse and Jose Canseco each ho- 
nored during a six-run first as Tex- 

ter ; 

■* .*> -p 



fr ' MS 

■ jjigE ' 

* ^ 

V, ui Perm- Tlic .WualcJ Pre» 

With the Canucks ahead, 2-1. New York goalie Mike Richter stopped Pavel Bure’s penalty shot with his toe, and turned the tide. 

position for rebounds. .As a Canuck past McLean and into the goal, line and feathered a pass ito Kara- With 2:04 to play- Sieve 

defenseman. Dave Babvcb. skated Alexei Kovalev broke the tie on lev. who nad sneaked behind La me s damp-tn_ attempt 

through the goalie's line of sibthu another Ranser power phv. Leetch Lurame. All Kovalev had to do was bounced off Babych s leg an pas 

Zubov let u%. The puck slipped dodged Bnan Glynn ai 'the blue lift it over McLean s left arm. a startled McLean. 

Playing /< 

By Cindy Hahn 

Yew Yank Tunes Service 

TASHKENT, Uzbekistan — 
The few who came hoe this past 
week saw the red-clay courts and 
joked thar it was the FffiJeh Opf 11 
of the East. Then they saw the 
stands dappled with brightly col- 
ored umbrellas and dubbed it 
Wimbledon of the Third World. 

The silver bowls heaped with 
caviar and the luxury boxes packed 
with suit-clad dignitaries gave the 
President's Cup — Central Asia 5 
first and only men’s professional 
tennis tournament — the cachet of 
an elegant Grand Slam event 

But more than a few salient de- 
tails — bony cows grazing in fro 01 
of ihe tennis stadium, the parking 
lot full of Volgas rather than u- 
troens or Austin minis — suggested 
that the S 150.000 tournament was a 
long way from Paris or London. 

Almost 4.000 miles 1 6.400 kilo- 
meters) to be exact, in a place so 
hot that spectators used the um- 
brellas for protection from the sun. 
The top seeded player here was not 
Pete Sampras but a little-known 
journeyman named Chuck Adams, 
ranked No. 84 in the world and 
suffering from the sniffles, do less. 

Thus, as No. 944 Dmitri Toma- 
shevicb defeated 163d -ranked Di- 
vide Sanguinetti in the opening 
match, one couldn't help but con- 
sider that 99 percent of the tennis 
community was, at the moment, 
sipping Veuve Cliquot at Roland 
Garros Stadium in Paris. 

Which begged the question one 
Italian photographer asked himself 
aloud: “Why are we here?” 

.And what of Edward Nixon’s 
presence? Why had the brother of 



as. playing ai home, outlasted New 

Will Clark also homered and Es- 
teban Beltre went 3-for-4 with two 
RBIs as Texas won for the seventh 
time in nine games. Don Mattingly. 
Paul O'Neill and Bernie Williams 
homered Tor the Yankees, who 
have dropped five of six. O'Neill 
went 3-for-5 to raise his tnajor- 
league-leading average to .431. 

Athletics 6, Brewers 5: Ruben 
Sierra’s second homer of the game 
snapped an eighth-inning for host 
Oakland, which had blown a 5-0 

Sierra hit a homer right-handed 
and one left-handed for the fourth 
time in his career. 

Mariners 9. Indians 5: Felix Fer- 
min hit an RBI single and Torey 
Lovullo added a three-run pinch- 
hit homer in the eighth as Seattle 
beat visiting Gcveland. 

Ken Griffey Jr. hit his majer- 
league-leading 24th Horner, and 
Tino Martinez also homered for the 

Twins 8, Angels 6: Dave Win- 
field's two-run single capped visit- 
ing Minnesota's two-out rally in 
the eighth after a California retiver. 
Joe Grabe, hit the first two batters 
be faced. Shane Mack and Kirby 
Bucket l to force in the iving run. 

Budig Election Set 
As AL’s President 

hi tin ir Frm: Pupjiches 

CINCINNATI — The American League 
was to get a new president on Wednesday, 
with the' league's dub owners set to elect Gene 
Budig. the chancellor of the University of 
Kansas, to succeed Bobby Brown. 

Reports of Budig's impending election sur- 
faced six weeks ago. and Lhe search committee 
was to recommend him at the league meeting 
on Wednesday. 

But the main business of the day was to be 
lhe labor proposal that probably will lead to a 
strike during the second half of the season. 

Management's negotiator. Richard Ra- 
viith. was to inform all owners in the after- 
noon of the details of the salary cap plan he 
intends to give to the Major League Baseball 
Players Association next week. 

The owners agreed in January to revenue 
sharing — if there was a cap included. The 
players have consistently maintained they 
won't accept a saiap- cap’ and seem prepared 
to strike over the issue. 

After getting the proposal next Tuesday, 
they will meet Thursday in Chicago to consid- 
er the plan. Then on July 1 !. they're expected 
to sei a firm strike dale, probably in early 

Because lhe old collective bargaining 
agreement expired Dec. 31. players fear that 
owners will declare an impasse in bargaining 
and unilaterally implement a salary cap after 
the season, when the union has less leverage. 

(NiT. R P) 

Tr.e -Iwf-.trrfJ flrw; 

Ramon Martinez was in control — even 
without the benefit of any automatic strikes. 

Martinez pitched a three-hitter for his sec- 
ond straight shutout as the Los .Angeles 
Dodgers beat the Florida Marlins. 2-0. on 

Tuesday mein. 

He walked none and struck out seven with 
a fastball clocked at 98 miles an hour. He also 
hit an RBI single —moments after an unusu- 
al strike call — ana helped himself by flaw- 
lessly handling five fielding chances. 

*T fed so great tonight, f feel like a giant 
out there," Martinez said. "*l fed like nobody 
can hit me.” 

The victory in Miami -topped lhe Dodgers’ 
four-game losing streak and snapped” the 
Marlins' longest winning string at five. 

Bui Dave Weathers of the Marlins threw 
one pitch that no one could have hiL 

When Raul Mondesi was slow to leave the 
on-deck circle in the second inning, the plate 
umpire. Joe West told Weathers" to throw. 
Weathers made a pitch without Mondesi in 
the batter’s box and West — following hare- 
ball rules — automatically called it a strike. 

“I said come on and he said do. so I said: 
‘Fine. Strike one.' “ West said. West, who 
began umpiring in the NL in 1976. said he 
had never made that call in (he majors. 

Giants 3. Pirates 2: Mail Williams led ofr 
the 10th inning with his league-leading 21st 
home run, and San Francisco won in Pitts- 
burgh. The victory was a cosily one. however. 
WilBe McGee, the Giants' right fielder, tore 

his left Achilles' tendon running into the wall 
and raav be lost for the season. 

PMHfes 7, Cubs <fc Billy Hatcher and Paul 
QuantrilL acquired in a trade last week, 
played kev roles as Philadelphia handed visit- 
ingthicago to its eighth straight loss. Hatch- 
er singled home the tiebreaking run with two 


outs in the eighth, while Quanirill got the East 
out in the eighth for hi$ first NL victory. 

Expos 3. Astras 2: Marquis Grissom sin- 
gled home the go-ahead run in the seventh', 
and host Montreal won its sixth straight. The 
.Astros loaded the bases with two outs in the 
ninth before John Wettelaod struck out Steve 
Finley for his ninth save. 

Braves 12. Padres 3: Fred McGriff ho- 
mered and tied a career high with five RBIs as 
Atlanta, playing ar home, beat San Diego for 
its seventh victory in eight games. McGriff 
homered for the third time in four games. He 
tut a three-run homer, his 17th. an3 a pair of 
RBI singles. 

Reds S Cardinals 0: Cincinnati's Erik Han- 
son. scratched from his last scheduled sun 
because of poor pitching, held host Sl Louis 
to one hit in eight innings, a single to Ozzie 
Smith with one out in the first. Hanson then 
retired the next 20 barters. Cincinnati scored 
five tiroes in the sixth. 

Rockies 10, Mets & Jose Vizcaino's error 
at shortstop in the eighth gave Colorado the 
go-ahead run against visiting New York. 

tite late president, ak^TOlJc£:. 
flock of other wealthy U&tas* . i 
mssmen, braved 14-feaurfl?^: ] 
for an obscure teams ; -j 

On the flip swfc-*fcy $d Unw^;. j 

stan — ; 

tennis, with oniy SO coacfttsfayt^. 

15 million people— ^ hfwsUwj#' ;- v. 
S5Q million m a sjwt^angiiew.sar:.: ; ; . 
diuro, replete with ouujbpchntfi^^ . 
door courts and at sta(e-Q&lfie«rt^ ; 
fitness cento? ; : - 

The answer b that tfctofltna- ; ; 
meat provided far xmhG diarize ‘i. 
chance for pl ayers to ra ise ; Jja^ y. , ' 
rankings and. dxeaxn of reaiiiing^ . j 
center court It was'w^randiesdvv 7 
trade fair herd in one of The wofltfj" 
last frontiers, a sporting evemoaff - ; 
schmooze affair to 1 Western exwti- -' • 
lives lured by moneymalri^g ^op^ -. 
port uni ties. ~ . "-T 5 VT 7.’. 

Uzbekistan is ihe pqwfca 
former Soviet Union’s foeCefitmfy 

richestJrven ^ 

boasftbai it is the world's fourth t 
leading producer of cottoa _a®d-> >j 
eighth-laigest producer of gpWt^‘4- • 
And soi. the government simfc aS; , 
cash nor into capital invesmgjg:-^'.. 
but into the President's Ctqfc’.fci$fc;r 
ing to lure the Western dollara as# 
executives invited asATPs^ 

“It’s been very prodikttrthfof' ; 
us,” said Tim S. Brown, vice . 

Heat of Dodgers’ Martinez 
Is Too Much for Marlins 

Distillery. “We’re looking .j 

our spirits In, along with the bottles >’ j 
and caps, to a Tashkenr i 

bottling with their $7-a-weefc bbbr|v_' 3 
The tennis seemed lnridiaatatBP ; - 1 
cent, of course, to thepfayaSriBoS^' | 
flying to Udjdastan was aso-i, 
sound investment for them. ; ■ J 
round losers at nthe Rjuntamfe - j 
took home valuable" -ixhnpasd^ • 
points and 51,300, a 
check for any player who cooMoTliy 
make the grade al -the'-Broadp-; - 
Open, from the Uzbek Daris.Cap; 
player Oleg Ogorodov, rzmted-NoJ - 
704, to the eventual 
ams, who came after 
first-round match at Stade R^ai»^-_ 
Garros. .. - r S 

Tne croad cheered aspofttely.for/‘ . 
the successf ul profesaotaldmtbfy,; 
the bonwtown boy. Tom»hfevKfc; 
in the opening match arii-itSS&fi; 
his demise in the secc^^r ^e -- 
American Martin 
Tomashevich’s pow^pE^Sfr’ 4 
line game showed hmtsjpjfw^lKy V 
had beaten Andrei Medv^edtyx^m? ' ■ 
they were teammates ■; 

Soviet junior squad. 
dev. a Rtisaan. has surgecLtolS^' ' ; J 

dey. a Russian, has sure^^^p^/ : 

10 world rankmg white 

vich’s career stalled -##£3?Sy. 

training funds dried up 

1991. when Uzbekistan dechraSfr - 

independence. . f.yjs;#':. 

But who’s to say a teams tixsna- , 
nwnt in Uzbekistan is any.^Jtr ■ 
than one in Paris or Ubj&I^As^- 
Nixoa a Seattle geologist . . 

ness consultant pointed . 

Pong diplomacy helped qpdi.Chh.: 
na. This is jus t a variation onfatT: ■ 

To our readers in Bdoi 

Jr's new beer cosier' ; 
to subscribe and sav& 

Jirst call tafl-free: 

0 800 ) 7533 



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To our reoders In France 

It’s never been easier to subscribe 
and save with our new toll free 

Just cal! us today at 05-437-437 


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Central Showdown 9 
Battles Everywhere 

By Clifton Brown 

iefk Tlrrx\ Srn.''i' 

. HOUSTON -Afieroiercum- 
so many chailcnacs 10 reach (hi* 
point, there is onl\ one hurd'e -. 
mairnng. For both the New York 
Krncks and the Houston Rocked 
Jhe next mo weeks wffl foadc 
whether this season end* with con- 
dolences or champagne 

and" the Rockets 
opened ihc best -of- seven -same Na- 
tional Basketball Association finals 

with Garoe 1 on Wednesdav night 
here at the Summit. It is the Rock- 
ets chance to win their first tule. 
And it s the Knicks' chance to win 
their first title since 197?. 

While the epic battle of the cen- 
ters between Hakeem Oiajuwon 
and Patrick Ewins is the rao-i 


talked about element of this senes, 
there are many other inarcdicnis 
that deserve attention. 

Can the Rockets become the first 
Western Conference teair, to win 
the title since the Los Angeles Lak- 
ers in 1988? Can the KiucU who 
are only 2-6 on the road during the 
playoffs, win the first series m 
which they will not have the home- 
court advantage? 

And with both teams possessing 
strong defenses and erratic of- 
fenses. will this be one of the low- 
est-scoring finals in recent historv? 

The answers will be forthcoming. 
But the Rockets and Knicks care 
little about how the series looks. 
They only care about which team 
wins. And both teams feel they 
have come too far to fall short now. 

“I don't want anyone in the orga- 
nization. or the players, to feel that 
just getting here is any great 
shakes." said the Knicks* coach. 
Pat Riley, who won four NBA tiilo 
coaching the Lakers during the 

“We’ll have to play our best bas- 
ketball to win this series. 1 don’t 
think it will be very complicated." 
he said. “They don’t do a lot of 
trapping, a lot of motion offense. 
They’re going to take it right at us. 
We're going to take it right at them. 
It’s going to be a very, very compet- 
itive series." 

The Rockets begin the series as 
the favorites, holding the home 
court and having beaten New York 
soundly in two regular-season 
meetings. Much has been made of 
the Knicks' physical style, which 
has given Western Conference 
teams trouble in the past. 

Bui the Rockets have physical 
players in Otis Thorpe, Olajuwon 
and Carl Herrera, and they have 
shown an ability to adjust, having 
defeated in the posr-season an up- 

hsavy discussion at Tuesday's news 
conference about whether the grind 
the Knicks had to undergo to reach 
this scries would hurt ihcm. and 
whether the eight-dav Livoff the 
Rockets had would make them 
ru«4> for Game I. 

The Rockets have not played 
since May 31. and Rudy Tomjano- 
vich. Houston's coach, said he did 
not know how his team uutild react 
against Jne competition, especially 
against a physical leant like the 

“1 know the Knicks have got to 
be a tilde tired after their series 
against Indiana, but which situa- 
tion is worse, theirs or ours?” Tom- 
janovich said. “You could make a 
case for either one. We tried to 
simulate game conditions as much 
a> possible. but there’s no way you 
can really do it. It wtU be interest- 
ing to see how we react.” 

Both teams were to have every- 
one in uniform for Game 1. John 
S I arks missed Tuesday’s practice to 
attend his uncle's funeral in Tulsa. 
Oklahoma, but was lo rquut the 
Knicks for their pre-game shnotar- 
ound Wednesday. 

The matchups of Siarks vs. Ver- 
non Mar well, Thorpe vs. Charles 
Oakley and Robert Horry vs. 
Charles Smith and .Anthony Mason 
will be keys to the scries.' But the 
Ewing-OIajuw'on matchup will be 
the compelling one. 

This has been a breakthrough 
year for Olajuwon. who finally won 
the league's most valuable player 
award and who has led the Rockets 
to the finals for the first time since 
his second NBA season. I9S6. 

But the Rockets and Olajuwon 
are standing in the way of some- 
thing Ewing has worked nine years 
to achieve. Both centers are 3 1’ and 
they may not have many more 
chances to win a championship. 

Ewing has vowed thai this is his 

Olajuwon thinks that this is his 

One of them is going to be 

“It’s important for us to seize the 
moment, to take advantage of this 
opportunity." said Olajuwon. 
“You never know about the future. 
We have the home court. We're 
healthy. WeYe rested. If there's a 
way to go into the finals, this is it.” 

But Ewing saw no reason why 
the Knicks could not win. 

“We’re not tired." Ewing said. 
“We’re ready. It has been a difficult 
road to get here, and this is going to 
be difficult. But we're here to do a 
job. We're hoping it ends in a 

Since the NBA wear to a 2-3-2 
travel format for the finals in 1985. 

Italian Cup Tea m Arrives, 
Intends to Stay Awhile 

By Alex Yannis 

.Vm York Tiffin .trfnri 1 

NEWARK, New Jersey — The 
Italian World Cup team has arrived 
from Rome, to be greeted by fans 
already in a championship mood. 

Chants of Fcrza it alia and luilia 
Otoca Casa . or Italy Will Play at 
Home! filled the usually quiet ter- 
minal B at Newark International 
Airport long before the team ar- 
rived Tuesday. 

The fans came from all pans of 
the metropoii- 

tan area. Some WOnuCUp 
arrived more r 

than hour before 
Alitalia flight 

No. 640. 

After going 
through cus- 
toms. the dele- 
gation, dressed 
in dark blue Ar- 
mani suits, light 
blue shins and 

ues and Gucci 

L/v: in* TV t.wvuKkl <W 

A worker in Dallas Matt Shepard, painting the World Cup logo on the field of the Cotton Bowl 

Kukoc May Be Headed Bach to Europe 


ATHENS— Star basketball player Toni Kulux 
may be on his way back to Europe, wiib the Greek 
club Ponathinaiko5 said to interested in signing the 
Croat from the Chicago Bulls. 

Greek newspapers said Kukoc's manager. Lui- 
siano Capikioni. would arrive in Athens later 

Wednesday to discuss transfer prospects with Pan- 
athinaikos’ president. Pavlos Yannakopoutos. 
Panalhinaikos sources said the club was inter- 

ested in a number of big names currently playing 

ined the Chicago 

abroad, including Kukoc. He joined 
Bulls from Italy's Treviso in Ji 

., - ... July 1993 in a deal 

worth a reported S17.9 million over eight years. 

shoes, was greeted by about 100 
fans chanting and waving Italian 

There was no formal meeting 
with the media, but Arrigfl Sacchi. 
the most dapper coaches in 
World Cup. and Alessandro 
Costacurta. the steady defender, 
on their way to the team bus. 
have no doubts we’ll do -vdl.” 
said, predictably. 

The heat and humidity is no 
different than Milan." said Costa- 
curta. who plays for AC Milan. 

The Italians have booked the en- 
tire Somerset Hills Hotel, which 
has 111 rooms, through July 14. 
That means they figure they will 
play in the semifinafat Giants Sta- 
dium on July 13. They will play 
their first game of the tournament 
against Ireland on June IS. 

The delegation had been given a 
light-hearted farewell in Rome bj 
Silvio Berlusconi, the new prime 
minister who owns AC Milan. 

Berlusconi told the delegation 
that “winning isn’t everything, but 
if you lose. I’ll take away your pass- 
ports and stop you coming home." 

Members of the delegation said 
they weren’t sure if Berlusconi was 
serious or joking, but were willing 
to put their money on the former. 

• Officials of the Greek World 
Cup team have estimated that 
thieves at Giants Stadium and their 
Long Island hold walked off Sun- 
day with money and jewelry worth 
a total of about $ 17.000. ' fA’YTj 

• The fasi-food chain McDon- 

ald's apologized Wednesday lor u 
World Cup promotion in Europe 
that upset Moslems by inadvertent- 
ly printing words From the Koran 
on disposable hamburger bags. 

Brad Trask, a spokesman for 
McDonald's Corp.. said Moslem 
groups in London had complained 
through the Saudi Arabian embas- 
sy about throwaway bags picturing 
the national flags of toe 24 finalists. 

The flag bears words from the 
Koran saying. “There is no God 
but Allah, and Mohammed is his 

“We reached the decision lo go 
ahead and withdraw the bags im- 
mediately," Trask said. "We are 
very sony and obviously did not do 
all the right checks." 

The Spanish news agency EFE 
reported that a fundamentalist 
Muslim group in Morocco, called 
Reform and Renewal, had com- 
plained about images of the Saudi 
Hag on Coca-Cola cans. 

A Coca-Cola Esparia spokesman 
said the Spanish affiliate had pro- 
duced 270 million cans hearing the 
flags of the 24 World Cup nations 
and a number of these had been 

distributed in Mefilla. a Spanish 
enclave surrounded on three sides 
by Morocco and inhabited largely 
by Muslims. (Retain. APt 

• Josip Weber, the Croatum- 
born sinker who scored five goals 
in his international debut for Bel- 
gium last Saturday against Zambia. 

has signed a three-year contract 
with Belgian league champion Axt- 

"The three-year -agreement with 
Weber has been signed, but we stilt 
have to conclude our negotiations 
with Cercle Brugge.” AndertechlY 
deputy manager. Robert De Pot. 
said Wednesday. 

"But I don't expect any real ob- 
stacles since preliminary talks w ith 
Cercle Brugge have been construc- 

De Pot declined to disclose the 
transfer fee. (Reuters 

m Salvatore (Toto) Schillaci. the 
goal-scoring hero of Italy’s 1990 
World Cup team, has been sus- 
pended from his Japanese club 
team Jubilo Iwata for two matches 
for insulting a referee, the league 
said Wednesday. f Reuters) 

Rothmberg: It Is Starting 
To Look Like a World Cup 

The 4 (jkvurct/ Press 

NEW YORK — It’s beginning to look like a World Cup. the . 
chairman of the organizing committee said Wednesday, and the only- 
problems that remain are with tickets and last-minute construction 

“It's not quite like what it's going lo be on the 17th. but it’s getting 
there." Alan Rothenberg said during a conference call. 

“We have last-minute construction at stadiums, last-minute instal- 
lation of things.” he said. “But fortunately, we have no hurdles that 
we have to climb over. We have to put the finishing touches on.” 

He said all tickets would be delivered by the end of the week. 
Those not receiving their orders should call (310) 277-9494 in the 
United States. 

Besides tickets not arriving as expected, he said, complaints have 
mostly involved fans ordering one licket and getting another or. 
most frequently, wanting better seals. 

Security was raised by several reporters, but Roihenberg respond- 
' is fixated on security issue." 

ed that “everybody : 

“If the Brazilians bring their drums, well shake them, and if 
there’s a weapon inside well take iL but they’ll have their drums." he 
said. “This will be a fabulous carnival for everybody.” 

World Cup officials have convinced Dallas law enforcement 
authorities to remove a security fence on one side of that stadium 
and are negotiating to have the other have taken down. 



The Rockets and Knicks have 
not played since Feb. 24. and much 
has happened to both teams since. 
For one thing , both New York and 
Houston almost did not make it 
this far. 

The Rockets trailed the Phoenix 
Suns, 2-0, in the conference semifi- 
nals, losing the fust two ga mes at 
home. Yet the Rockets recovered to 
win the next two games in Phoenix, 
and ultimately won the series in 
seven games. 

As for the Knicks, they are com- 
ing off back-to-back siren-game 
series against the Chicago Bulls 
and the Indiana Pacers. There was 

PASSO DEL BOCCO. Italy (AP) — Eugeni Berzin of Russia w.*n rhe 
I8lh stage of the Tour of Italy cycling race Wednesday and increased ho 
overall lead over Marco Pamani of Italy to nearly three minutes. 

Berzin now has a 2:55-minute advantage over Paniani in cumulative 
time in the tour, which ends Sunday in Milan. Next overall is Spain - ' 
Miguel Induraio, 3:23 behind. 

r r no team has been able to win con- , xvr» o t 

tempo team in the Phoenix Suns secudve Games 3, 4 and 5 at home. HprZlfl Wlflfi StflffP. ItUMTClSPS | Pflrl 
and a half-court team ui the Utah The Knicks’ strategy is win at least " I™ _ Lrt5aBCO _ . 

one of tbe first two in Houston, but 
even if they do, the Knicks suspect 
that they made need two victories 
in Houston to win tbe series. 

So a season that began with 
training camp in October has 
reached the finals in June, with 
both teams eager to get started. 

“It’s tbe best feding in the 
world," said Tomjanovich, a head 
coach for tbe first time in the finals. 

“When you were a liule kid playing 
in the alley or the driveway and you 
were shooting that last-second 
shot, it wasn’t in an exhibition 
game or a regular-season game, it 
was in Lbe finals. We all dream 
about this" 

For the Record 

The IHT World Cup Competition 

Win fabulous prizes. 

Jared Palmer and Richey Reneberg will play doubles for the U.S. Da\ is 
Cup team next month its second-round match against the Netherlands, 
the U.S. captain, Tom Gullikson. said. 

Raymond Floyd, a former champion, said he has withdrawn from the 
next week’s U.S. Open to concentrate on playing in senior golf events this 
year. (AF) 

Larry Brown, coach of Ute NBA Indiana Pacers, had surgery lo replace 
his right hip, first injured more than 30 years ago while he played 
basketball at North Carolina. (AP) 



East DtvWon 

W L 



34 20 




32 23 



X 25 



27 28 



27 a 

Central Division 




32 21 




30 23 



29 25 


29 *> 


14 32 

Vlf«(f DHrtafoa 


27 20 




34 32 



24 34 


17 40 



W L 




36 P 




34 23 




39 23 



2fl X 


New Yortt 

27 29 

Central DfvBfon 




32 34 


22 25 


SI. LOU<3 

23 26 



23 32 


0 «! 


23 34 
West Division 

J to 

Las Anaeles 

x a 


SanFrundKo 38 30 



26 30 



23 33 


Tuesday’s Line Scores 


'in m •w-'* «' * 

Detrott m w in— t « 8 

demon, (twin <31 oral BerrvWUr Welfs. 

bmmT »>, UMnntn. Dovfs <N aid Te(U»- 

foa w-Ctemow. *■*. M- 

Htfe-SMbxv RowWrt (3). Tfcmev ID. Of 
rr*!, frrttetan <?J. 

Balltnttre **0 3» WM « , 

Kamos CRY 331 ® M»— T n 1 

McOanaid, fiienhom.tM. T-Boton Ml. Wit- 

itamwi O') ow» how; ConBenma Warn 

Movm. W-Cone, M. t'-neowrtd »-A 

hrs— fttfHmore. CM^OLhoMm IN. 

sss 'S-ES4 5 1 

Hotfoot Castino Oh Brow ff ).Ha« Wtonfl- 
BwSrt?AtvorM. DaUo. Ift MNW. 
SnMdv-m am 

__ M i— Alvarez, 4-1. sw — hoii HJ- 
H ps— Toronto, (ZAtartW (WiHuHlBXhk*- 
pa, DrJncem Ml- . 

'fat* - 30* *03 lw— “ ' 

All OH aa-13 ™ » 

Htoutro, Kaverin |4). Henrv W and Wlv 
son.-Oitlfvero^Harsman (7). Taylor {7),Ec*- 
eritov IY» and StOnOaclL W-Taylor. 1-3. 
L— Henry. 2-2. Sv— Eckerslay <61. HR»— MIV 
<MH*ee. SartwH (31. Oaklawl. Sierra 3 (U). 
aewtfom m bob ww » i 

Seattle 000 SB 0*r— f n I 

DeAurttnez. LUlMaHsl (7).Mosa II) nnaSA- 
tOffior; Hlbbant TXWte <71, Bteter (». Ayoto 
<»1 ana Hasohoort ojwUsoit (ft. W— Rtsiev.S- 
1 L— UKUwlsL 1-2. HRs— Seattle, GftHey Jr 
rati, T-Merilnsz 17), LOwtla 1*1. 

Minnesota 013 m on— « M I 

CnatonUa no ids hi— a n o 

PuUaa. Stevens CS),Gutftrte f7),Merriman 
(». AorUera (»} end Park, waftecs <81; 
AAnkrxn, MXelrer (31. Gratte IS), 
f«nm (0). Butcher <»> ana CTurner, Fobre- 
003 <9j. w-Gutarle. 4-1. l— MX eiter, 2-4. 
Sv— AadHera tl2>.HR— MtaMHlObLehata). 

Lot Aneeiea 019 000 000—2 It 1 

PtarUo OW 000 000—0 2 \ 

RjMorttnez and Pkuzo; weathers Oron- 
man <9J end Svftoao. W—RMarUnez. 5-2. 
I H M w I tea K. 

Houston 108 on 865—2 1 0 

Montreal OH J00 18*-3 0 0 

RevnaUH. Veres (71. Hamawn <B1 and Ser- 
vdis; WWtOL Herwflc <7J, RoI« <31, WetWwxl 
1 91 and DJTelctier. Saehr <91, W— Heredia, 2- 
z t— veret, M Sv— wetfetontf l*K 

HR-Noastan. Camlnltl 110). 

Chfcmo 21# OH U0-< II t 

PMM0WMB OBI 221 #!■— 7 I 2 

A-YeudW Bautista <7l,Myoro 18} aid Parent 
WHKns U); DaJacksaa Aintersen <73. Sto- 
comb at. CkmntffB <01. DJonos 191 and Dcut- 
ton. W-AuanirVL ML L—Mverx. 53. 

Sv— D_ww (Ml. HRs— CMasa, RoBorson <3>. 
PltHadeWiki ajortan (St, M. Thompson (31. 
SOP Mem w wt bi#-j t i 

Attanta 800 H W*-X2 U t 

ssa men, sow <». nook Ut. uasm 
( it. EHtett m end tuetmora Mercker, 
Women (6). Stanton (SI.OMon (9) and J.Ldtaz. 
TAwvm {71. Atlanta, McGrift (17). 

Sas Praacboo « ID M H It 1 

PtndnraA HO #11 OH 5—0 * 1 

(io memos) 

Veto LoreKwham. HlcMnon {St, Bufba (7L 
MJacksto <W, Bock W end Manwortns: 
LMmTi RMammifia (7), Dewcr il), WMta 
(tdl and Stauoht w-BodcM. L-wtitw. M 
HRs— S.F. MaWimarns 121). Phillips ID- 
CTnctanad OH DOS MW T3 0 

SI, Leals . - OH M0 HO— 6 2 0 
Hanson MeEifW If) and Taubansec; 
TfwkHWr.Murelw W. R.Rodriouec <71. Ho- 
*v0* (ft and PonuL vt—Hmsen <-S. 
L— ToariCstwry, M. 

New Yen M3 m uo-o n i 

'Colorado Oil *20 R»— 10 IS 0 

Smith, MMaddm <*). Mason (I) and SKi* 
nefl; Power, Read <«,RuMr lai.MMuns (91 
mid CHwdL W-AifRn M L-Moson H. Sv- 
MMutlez 01. HR— CotorbOo, GatorroDB <191. 

Wednesdays Resum 

Yakulf 2 , rombrl 1. 10 innings 

Yokohama & Oiuntchl 5 
Hiroshima vs. Honsnin, nod. rain. 

c-.v-t* .••• 

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. 333 


Ainorfcan Leoaue 

BALT IMORE— Staned Brandon Huntsman 
and Brad Crlib, Pitchers; Sean Huaa, Kedrlck 
Porter, Rolando Avila, ana T homos D'AatHla, 
out! (elders; Noel Ramos. Mkteel w»W and 
Ryan Hendrtdu, 1st basemen; Michael Na- 
deau and Craig Daedeiow. shortstop; and 
Chris Seuritch, bmadtar. 

CALIFORNIA— Recoiled Brian Anderson, 
pitcher, from medical rehaM illation assign- 
mem. Daslqnetod John Farrell, pitcher, lor 

DETROIT— Recoiled Grog Goftr. olicner, 
tram Totado. 1L. Seat Hurt Knudwn. Pitcher, 
. to Toledo. . 

SEATTLE— Signed Mike Burrows Kvle 
Towner and Coiln Hindi, outfielders; Tom 
SlfmdnHI, pitcher, and Richard Lodlovlch 
and Justin TlMWecan. Winders. 

TEXAS— Recalled Terry Burrows m Dan 
Smith, ptfelwn, tram Oklahoma city, aa. 
Sent Dwtt BnimieY.pltCher,toOktahonxiCII>. 
Pvt Manuel Lm.9hortstaa.on tsanvatasoted 
lilt, retroactive toJuio < signed Mark Little 
and Danila Varner. outlleMere; Mottnew 
Bakemder, shortstop; Chris Gogotawskl. 
Sadi SJewort and Motttww Bute Pilchers; 
oid Jason Miller, catcher. 

ltafanoi LtaBoe 

ATLANTA— Staned Ronald Wrlghl and WII- 
lan Pomoa w basemen; and Chm Gaderl. 
Xmnelh Rotne* and Brandon Hooitars pitch- 
ers. Assigned Wright and Glenn Williams. 
Sh or t stoft to GCL; Gebert amt Damian Mass. 
pitcher, to DamWe, AL; and Hoalton. Person 
ota Ben UlUnfesnorntaa. id Idaho Falls, Pi_ 

CINCINNATI— Stoned Aaron Boone, third 
baseman; Antonia Nieto and Eddie Pries!, 
pitchers; Morton Allen, 1st botaman; and 
Scott Savarv and Nick Marrow, outtteiaori. 
and assigned them to Billings, PL Stoned 
Damon Callahan, pllchen Wayne Ennis, isf 
baseman; and Doyle Proson. intieMer, and 
assigned mem to Princeton, Au 

Montreal— P ut Tfm Scott, rtfener.on 15 
dav disabled IlsL Recalled Brian Looney, 
pitcher, (ram Ottawa. IL 

N.V. METS— signed John Kelly, Mar> 
Guw rbr and Donald figingota Pitchers, and 
ROCkr Turner, cutntader. Sent Eric Hillman, 
Pilcher, ouhtohl to Norfolk, IL Activctod Fer- 
naado V<na, Inh elder, tram lSday dlsmued ust. 
Stoned David Sanderson, ouHieider . and Mei- 
vta paupart and Scott Sauerbeck. Pilchers. 

PHILADELPHIA— SiBnM Matt Beech sta 
joson valley, Pilchers; Jim Non he I me r, 
catcher; and Erall Mooee, nitneiaer, ana os- 
stoned «wm to Batavia, ny-pl 

N.Y. Rangers 8 2 7-1 

Vancouver 2 o e— 2 

AT. Raneers leoti series 3-i 
First period—). Vancouver. Lmam 10 
ILumme. Brown), 13:25 (poi. 7, Vancouver. 
Ronnlng 5 (Bure. Craven). It:l». Penalties 
— Courlpou. Von letoowlnol. IMI; Besjke- 
boom, NY (htofr-stlcklnat. i:3S; C-rovcs m 
molding)- 13:02; Messier. NY. moior (Doom 
me), 14:17; Linden. Van molding sUcH 
15:07; CourtnalL Von (Inrerlcrencei. 17 S* 
Tlkkonen. NY (roughing). 18. <5 
Second Period — 3, New York. Lceiai 10 
(MacTavbh. Gilbert), 4:03. 4. New for* . 2u 
D0V$ (Messier. Leerch). IBP'. Pencmirs 

— Udster, NY (holdlngl. *:13; Brown, von 
I tripping), 7:19; Udster, NY inomingi. >*:58. 
Adorns. Vm (bearding). 10:55. 

Third period— & New lark. Korolev i 
ILMtch, Zubov), 15:05 IPPI. 6. New rov 
L armor I (Zubov, Leeichi. DA Penpii*: 
—Mew York bench, served bvKocur i loo man. 
men), 3:53; Lurrune, Von Ihokftrto). i‘4B’ l'>- 
kasen, NY (roughing). 10:43. Oidac*. von 
(roughing), 10:42; Messier. NY (siosimwi. 
list: GeUnas. Von trouotang). M:3V 
Shan en poal-New York 34-11-27. Van 
aw W 5t5-lf—10; missed penalty shoi- 
— Bure. van. «:31 second; poweisnay op Par- 
luanies— New Yortt 2 « S: vcmcouver 1 olio 
goalies— New York. Rlchler. IS- 5 (30 snois ?B 
saves). Vancouver. McLean. l>4 127-231. 

Winners will be chosen from an official drawing. 
The first 16 entries drawn, with at least 6 correct 
responses, will win one of the prizes listed below, 
determined from the order in which they are 

Grand Prize: Two United Airlines business class 
round-trip Eurr*pe/New ^brk rickets plus live 
nighLs accommodation at the Stanhope Hotel in 
New York. 

Five second prizes: Sprint Collectors frame pre- 
paid phone cards in celebration of the World Cup. 

Five third prizes: AT Cross. 22k gold, diamond 
oil. Roller ball pens, from the Signature 

Five fourth prizes: Gold Pfeil men's wallets. 


Tour of Italy 

ResuttiWcdnesdoy tram me I8fn stage.oIS 
kilometer 131 mile) mggntata lime trial (ram 
CWavare: 1, Evgeny Benin. Russia. Ge«*'oi 
BaltovS? minutes and 52.4 seconds. IMin'tti 
ittavraFn. Setria Banesio. 70 wconas Duh'n*i. 
I Mores Paniani, Italy. Carrera. 1 .27; *■ °r- 
mn) de las Cuevas. France, Losioromo. 
2:04: 5, Massimo Podenzana. ifair.Navlaarc. 
Still i. OOlidto Chknwucci. llol». Carrera. 
3:39; 7, Gears Totocnnlg. Ausirta. Pom. 

& Gtonnl Bug no. naiy. Poiil. J.Ot. * POrei 
Tonkav. Russia Lomure. 1 18. io. viodimir 
Paulnlkov. Russia Carrera 3:21 
Overall tfaodtngs: r. Benia 80 tiouri II 
mlnutesand 18 leconds; 2. P onion i, 2:55' 3. 
tndurata. 3:23) 4, Gianni Busna Half. PoHI, 
7; 15; S, de tos Cuevas, 7: lo; a. Wrlaflimir Belli- 
itolv.Lompre.1;]?. 7. Ton*o«. 11 ta.ACniao- 
pued, 11 .52: 9. Nelson RodrtoucJ. CtriomMo. 
ZG MoMII. 15:38; 10. Andv Hornffi-lcn V S. 
Motorola 15:53. 

For each of the 12 days leading up to the World 
Cup. the IHT will publish a question in which the 
response predicts various outcomes of facets of 
the World Cup. There are 12 questions in all. 

After answering the question each day in the 
coupon provided below, hold your responses and 
send them all ai once to the IHT. A minimum of 6 
responses must be postmarked on or before June 
17, 1994 — ihc World Cup kickoff day. 

1994 World Cup 

. . iyy«t worn 


Group A 





Group B 





Group C 




Group D 





Group E 

Only clipping ^ vi) i ihc newspaper will be 
accepted. Pin >tm v pies and faxes do not qualify. 



Grow F 






6 . 

Ausirnllo I, South Alrlen 0 

v ? » \ ?■ i * 1. 

■toly 36. Svffitoy H 

Individual coupons will not be accepted. 

Minimum of 6 coupons to qualify. 

Cut-off date is postmarks of the first day of Ihe World 
Cup — June 17. 1994. 

Valid only where legal. 

Entries will not be accepted from staff and families of 
the IHT newspaper, its agents and subsidiaries. 

Only original coupons will be considered valid. 
Photocopies and faxes are not acceptable. 

No correspondence will be entered into. Proof of 
postage will not be accepted as proof of receipt 
No cash alternative to prizes. 

In some countries, the law forbids participation in this 
competition for prize awards. However, in these 
countries, you can still play for fun. The competition is 
void where illegal. 

Winners will be drawn on day after the end of the World 
Cup and published in the IHT on Thursday 21 July. 

10. On all matters. The editor’s decision is final. 

11. The Editor the right in his absolute discretion to 
disqualify an> entry comoelilor or nominee, or to waive 
any rules" in the event of circumslances outside our 
control arising which, in his opinion, makes it desirable 
to cancel the competition at any stage. 

12. The winners will be the first correct answers containing 
six or more coupons picked at random from all entries. 

Ai ihe end of the competition, which team will 
have scored the least goals? 

}’r>ifr response: „ 


Job Tale:. 




Pmiul Code:. 



Telephone: . 


Send reNpoibe* iu: IHT World Cup Companion. Inienuii>.inal Herald 
Tribune. ISI Avenue Chark-s-de-GjufJc. iC52l Neuillv Cede.v, France. 





1 io 


is or 

i in 






d a 







I it 

n . XT. T?!': 

Page 20 

art buchwald 

\ To the Class of ’94 

V graduating class of 1994 — - 1 
salute you. 

You are the future and will carry 
on the work our generation has 

This is what we have to offer 
you: We are the only country on 
earth that can 
give you a “fat- 
free” world. 

_ Not to men- 
tion the myriad 
of diet drinks 
with ail the nec- 
essary vitamins 
to make you 
healthy and 

When you „ . _ , 

leave this uni- BqchwaW 

versity you will have a choice of 
thousands of shampoos, moisturiz- 
ers, overnight skin creams, sun- 
screens, and perfumes so powerful 
that you will become irresistible to 
the opposite sex. 


Wait, there’s more. At this very 
moment you can purchase the car 
of your choice with no money down 
and 48 months to pay. not includ- 
ing tags, taxes and delivery charges. 

As you walk around this great 
nation of ours you will notice store 
after store window painted white 
with large signs reading “For 
Lease" or “For Rent." We are leav- 
ing you all of them. Other stores 
carry equally large signs which say 
“Going Out of Business." 

Everybody declaring bankruptcy 
looks to your generation to bail 
them out with taxpayers' money. 

What else do we have for you? 
Go to any department store or 
shopping mall and we will give you 
a 50 percent discount plus 25 per- 
cent off the price marked on the 
tag. This offer is good until Satur- 

The sale has nothing to do with 
big D-Day reductions on refrigera- 

Redesign at Windsor Castle 

Agence France- Prate 

LONDON — Five of the nine 
rooms in Windsor Castle that were 
damaged by fire in 1992 will be 
entirely redesigned by the SidelJ 
Gibson Partnership architectural 
firm. Buckingham Palace said 
Wednesday. Restoration work is 
scheduled to end in mid-1998. 

tors, television sets and Nintendo 


We are offering you something 
that no other generation has ever 
had — you can now win $40 mil- 
lion in the state lottery. All you 
have to do is pick the right seven 
□umbers, which should not be a 
problem, particularly if- you are 
good at math. 


Wait, there's more. Because we 
believe in you, we will provide 
health insurance to you at a price 
you can afford — with 3 55,000 


If you choose to go into govern- 
ment service we will guarantee you 
legal advice in case you have to give 
testimony before a special prosecu- 

And speaking of sexual harass- 
ment — 1 urge you never to enter a 
room ( any room) in an office build- 
ing without witnesses. There are 
not enough lawyers graduating to- 
day to handle all the cases bong 
filed by members of one sex or 
another who feel that they had 
been wronged. 

My advice to the male graduates 
out there is that you carry a cellular 
phone at all times and, if someone 
in the office tries to hug you, call 
your mother. 

Our generation is so proud of 
what your generation has accom- 
plished. If you hadn’t bought CDs 
with our money. God knows where 
(be American music industry 
would be today. Your devotion lo 
rode music and concerts is the dif- 
ference between a stagnant and 
thriving economy. 


So the moment has come. As you 
accept your diploma remember 
that more than ever before your 
success depends on whether you 
wear Nikes or Reeboks. 

My biggest hope for you this 
morning is that, when you are out 
in the cold world on your own. the 
person who delivers your Domino’s 
pizza takes more than 50 minutes, 
so that you will not have to pay for 

I also pray that whatever head- 
ache relief you take will act twice as 
fast as the one you took in the past. 

Good luck. God bless and. if you 
have thank-you notes to write for 
your graduation gifts, do it fast 
before the U. S. postage rates go 

- _£ 


1 5* 

Looking Out: An Arab Feminist’s Yisiori 

By Mark Kurlansky 

P ARIS— When the Moroccan feminist 
Fatima Memissi was working on her 
doctorate at Brandeis University in the 
early 1970s. her contacts with American 
feminists were strained. She was criticized 
for her red lipstick and blue mascara and 
jangling silver jewelry. They pointed out 
that this was simply responding to corpo- 
rate advertising, making a woman pan of a 
product sales. 

Though it was seldom understood. Mer- 
nissi would try to explain, “But. you see. I 
come from a culture where women were 
not allowed to wear makeup.” 

Being a feminis t is slightly different if 
you were bom in Fez in 1940 and raised 
within the weO-kepL closely guarded gate of 
a harem. The daughter of a woman who 
could neither read nor write. Fatima Mer- 
nissi is a sociologist at the University Mo- 
hammed V in Rabat. Her sixth book. 
“Dreams of Trespass; Tales of a Harem 
Girlhood," has just been published in the 
United States. 

And not only does she wear makeup and 
wondrous arrays of jewel ry along with 
dothes that show a Moroccan flair for 
blending impossible colors like fuchsia. 
scarlet and orange, but sbe is perfectly 
happy to have mat bold doors for her. “I 
came from a jHace where women held doors 
for men," sue said. 

Her book is a reminiscence of her child- 
hood in a Fez harem told through the eyes 
of a young girt. Written in the Arab story- 
telling tradition, it is only loosely based on 
her own experience. “My childhood was 
not as nice as this,” she said. 

Though she portrays harem life with a 
picturesque charm, she has not forgotten its 
oppression. Her book is called “Dreams of 
Trespass " because that is wh at rite remem- 
bers women doing in a harem, looking at a 
square of sky in the courtyard and dream- 
ing of simple things like walking freely in 
the street Sbe writes of the concept of 
hudud, sacred boundaries that prescribe be- 
havior in a society — the line between men 
and women, for example. “Education is to 
know the hudud,'* one woman tells the 

There is some bitterness. When the wom- 
en learn that in Europe, which they call 
“snowland.” the Nazis were requiring Jews 
lo wear a yellow star, it was reasoned by die 
harem women that. “The Allemane forced 
the Jews to wear something yellow whenev- 
er they stepped out into the streets, just as 
the Muslim men asked the women to wear a 
veil, so they could be spotted immediately." 

Memissi makes a distinction between 
“imperial" and “domestic” harems. West- 
erners usually imagine imperial harems that 
were palaces owned by wealthy, powerful 
men who bought hundreds of women slaves 
and kept them cloistered and guarded by 

eunuchs. These harems had disappeared by 
World War L when the Ottoman Empire 
was dismantled and the Western conquer- 
ors outlawed the practice. 

Memissi, on the other hand, was raised in 
a domestic harem that was an el egan t 
walled house, but not a palace, and was 
inhabited by a large extended family with 
the intention of keeping women from hav- 
ing contact with the outside wo rid. Some 
domestic harms still exist in the Gulf 
although the nationalist movemaii 
that won Moroccan independence ended 
the harem practice in her country- Today 
these beautiful tiled homes of Fez are dilap- 
idated and either abandoned or inhabited 
by squaueis who have migrated from rural 

The women who were intended to live 
there, like Memissi. went on to be educated 
modem Arab women living in the outride 

“I am so lucky." said Memissi. in Paris 
recently for a writers conference. “ 1/ 1 had 
been bom two years earlier, I would have 
had no education. I came at just the right 
time." Hex book is filled with the excite- 
ment ctf that time, tlx dream and promise 
of Arab nation alism. Her mother, who 
spent her life in a h ar e m with no education, 
was a nat ionalis t and because of that, want- 
ed her children to go to school. “These 
women cut off from the world bad die 
capacity to smell ideas." she said. 

“The’ nationalists, who were fighting the 
French, had promised to create a new Mo- 
rocco, with equality for aUL Every woman 
was to have tlx same right to education as a 
man, as well as the right to enjoy monoga- 
my," sbe wrote. Her father and unde took 
only one wife each because they were na- 

A great deal of “Dreams of Trespass” is 
about women smelling ideas and teaching 
their daughters how to do it and leaching 
them bow to survive as women. “You have 
to learn to scream and protest, just the way 
you learned to walk and talk.” her mother 
told her. The point of “A Thousand and 
One Nights." the classic tale of Schehera- 
zade, who was not decapitated by the king 
because sbe kept him fascinated with her 
stories, was summed up when the young girl 
in Memissfs book cned, “ ‘But how does 
one learn how to tell stories which please 
kings ? 1 Mother mumbled, as if talking to 
herself, that that was a woman’s lifetime 

Memissi acknowledges that many of the 
dreams of Arab nationalism have not been 
realized. Polygamy has nor been banned, 
women have not achieved equal status to 
men and democracy is not the prevailing 
system in the Arab world. She is both an 
outspoken critic and an outspoken admirer 
of the I slami c world. Her doctoral thesis. 
"Beyond die Veil: Male-Female Dynamics 

Fatima MernissTs latest book focuses on a girl growing up m a harem. 


in Modem M uslim Society" is a well- 
known textbook in the United States. “The 
Veil and the Male Elite," though banned in 
her native Morocco, is widely read in the 
Arab world. There is even a pirated Arab 
edition in Syria. 

In her writing she has tried to demon- 
strate that the shortcomings of Arab rule 
are not intrinsic to religious teaching; that 
the Islamic religion & manipulated by peo- 
ple in power fen* their own purposes. She 
teaches that you must always ask about the 
agenda of the person who is speaking in the 
name of Islam. “If you bear someone talk 
about a holy war" she said, “that means 
that someone is trying to make the war 

Islam is a religion with a complicated 
literature that lends itself lo such manipula- 
tion. There is so much of this that sbe writes 
of “a need to create a science for the detec- 
tion of fabricated tradition." The repression 
of women, rite believes, is just such a fabri- 
cated tradition. She belongs to a North 

African women’s group, which has pub-, 
fished a. book collecting Islamic religions 
teachings that endorse women's tights. 

*Tf people want to scavenge Islam jb find 
the verses and teachings that support worn- . 
^'s rights, they can . find them. -But wbo is 
looking for them?" she said: . 

Memissi has been scavenging Islam for 
some time but in her newest bode rite has 
pul aside the academic debate about Irian^ 
tc teachings and written about her own life.. 
To her, feminism is not so mudrabout bow 
a woman dresses or even .what a religion 
teadtes. To have been bom in a harem and 
become a respected international academit . 
is in itsdf a message. She said it very riinply, ; 
“However constrained a person you are;" 
you can always have a dream and a virion. 
If you hang on to it you can change the' 
wodcL That is my story . 

Mark Kurkmsky's most recent book, on 
European Jewry, will be published this y ear. 


Pierce Brosnm Selected 


Pierce Bw* 4 hhfhSon 
mentioned the 

' The bwgraphar hSgd Hanaho-J 

aid he har given upjg® " 
second volume about Jo® r. aen- 
nedy because of interference From 
ihe Kennedy family, according to 
The Boston GJdboTbe auihor rof- 
fled the family’s feathers mghfflv 
two years ago with Us sex-obsessed 
best-sefler. “JFK: Reckless Youth. 
Carol Schneider, publicity director 
for Random House. Hamilton s 
.publisher, said the second volume 
was shelved because there are too 
many Kennedy books already- 

. The’, comedian ‘ Jackie Mason 
Tjays he is returning his Tony be- 
cause. te wasn't invited to appear 
' on tbis-year’s awards show. Mason 
is a ppearing in' New Y ork in ”Jack- 
: ie'-Masdn —Politically Incorrect. 

: He received a special Tony in 19*7 
for an earlier one-man show on 
Broadway.-- A Tony spokesman, 
RoA Sherman, sad ihe show s 
producer had. selective. 
^TTwie were a lot of stare who 
asked to be on.the show," he said. 
.... . ... ; □ ; 

- Jacfc Phteace, Bffly Crystal and 
otfaez. stare of “Qiy.:Slickere If” 
"attended the .movie's premiere in 
Atlanta. to benefit framer president 
jemmy ■Carter’s inner-city Atlanta 
PrtgecL Crystal joked that a third 
“City Stickers" 15 being planned: 
“It’s going to be. subtilled ‘Beating 
al^aff ltorse^ " r V - 

: ; oi 

■ The Na tional Symphony Or- 
chestra id Washington, wfll give a 
farewell concert on June 1 7 for 
Mririu Jkrtnrwkfc-^iio is leav- 
ing after 17 years asnrasic director. 



. App&n <tti Pages 7& IS 

.. “ -’ ’i" if C 





Forecast for Friday through Sunday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 
















Ua Patras 

Ita «« 







Si P««rebi*Tj 






Hkjh Low 
Clf OF 
28/02 10*4 
IS .» 6/40 

KI71 II/5J 
».TE 17/02 
Kffl 15*9 
srmo 16*1 
14/57 6M3 

15/59 e/40 
30/77 17.63 

14157 7/44 

2TVO some 

16*4 6/43 

13/55 9/46 

74/75 13/ES 
16<8t 8/46 

ia/W 8/40 
irm 11*3 
24/75 17*3 
26/62 22/71 
30/66 19*6 
16*1 6<46 

29*4 13-53 
23.73 12*3 
20,79 13*5 
16*1 0/43 

2271 13/55 
14-57 7/44 

24/75 10*1 
17/62 7144 

17*2 6/43 

*3*5 7/44 

26-79 15*9 
21 /TO 3.-40 
Ib4l 7/44 
(6-r.I C/43 

16*4 11*2 
23-73 '7*2 
19-66 13-56 
M/75 13-56 
17-62 0/43 

W Mtfi LOW W 

'. 27/W 17462 a 
C 15/59 11/52 pc 
pc 26/79 12*3 ah 
I 29 *4 18*4 5 
* 24/76 15«9 s 
1 27*0 14*7 C 

ih 14/57 6/43 sh 

c 14/57 7»44 pc 

I 33/73 14/57 c 
sh 14/57 6/43 * 

1 27/80 19*66 pc 
pc 10*4 11/52 pc 
C 14/57 11*2 c 
I 22/71 6 H 0 c 
e 14-57 7/44 

(K 20*8 7/44 pe 

pc 17/62 10*0 I 
pc 27/80 17 *2 it) 
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pc 16*1 9/4* pc 

1 27.80 12-53 * 
pc 23/73 10*0 pc 
pc 27/80 17*2 1 
pc 17*2 5/41 pc 

t 21/70 12/53 pc 
it. 15*9 6/43 * 

j 23/73 10*1 * 
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pc I30M MJ pe 
pc I 6 /C 1 11*2 1 
1 23-73 14*7 ps 

I 18-66 11*2 t 
pc 10.64 9U0 c 

pc 19*6 0/43 pc 


North America 

Hoi wrauiei »i0 extend from 
Texas UirouMh the Desert 
Southwest tc Los Angelos 
Friday Inlc "he weekend. 
New England will be dry and 
cool write ctouds and a lew 
showers occur from Puts- 
bunft Pa., to Chadate. N.C. 
Heavy rains wiD move from 
Minneapolis to Oebod Thuis- 


Cool weather will continue 
from Frankfurt to Geneva 
Ibis weekend. Moderation 
will begin by the weekend 
from London to Paris wuth 
sunshine. Hot weather wilt 
be confined to south-central 
Spain Showers and heavy 
thunderstorms will occur 
from soufriem Italy to Saraje- 
vo Ms weekend. 


Heavy mm from the /ernaos 
of Tropical Storm floss wffl 
move through central China 
Friday, reaching no-tfreasr- 
ern China and northern 
Korea Ms weekend Needed 
rain is possbie m Shanifcng. 
Tokyo wOi be dry and warm 
this weekend. Bangkok and 
Manila wA be hot and humid 
with some sixishme 







Low W 










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8 ep»w 


20 an 



20*8 9 

Htr»l Korn 



31 «8 

27/80 pe 



a- *77 


24/76 pe 


43/109 27/90 


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pc 27,80 

10*1 pc 




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21/7D pc 


24.75 pe 


24^5 pc 


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23/73 pc 






19*0 pc 






10*1 1 




9/40 pc 




17*2 pc 






1 152 pc 


24 n 


24.75 1 


125J PC 


1253 pc 






1457 pc 


1 Rear 

■ Edible rodent 
ip Address abbr. 
la Historic 

14 Jambalaya 

15 Perrier, par 

la Smog? 

is More than 
19 Yves's eve 

20 Writeoff 
22 Bally laugh 
2S Like Desmond 

2 B Synge's’ 


29 Fred Harman's 
comics cowboy 
32 01 ecological 

34 Athlete's foot 

35 Hack 

as Ownership 
as Firms (up) 

Solution lo Puzzle of June 8 

North America 


A L I A R 


Middle East 

Latin America 




C 7 K 3 /JD 







Wqh Low 


L IT* 


M 91 







30/86 21-78 

31 *a 

Z 2/71 

Burarec AOxa 






30/80 1355 

3 i/*« 









32*9 1559 

34 , -M 










3289 17*2 






CIO? 27/60 

38/1 PO 17*2 



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41/100 24-75 

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16-61 'Q« pc 
17/62 9/40 i 

Legend: c-sutow. pc- wrtfr ooudv. c -dourly, sh-showers. i-ttunte/stoms. r-mm. st-snrrw *tees. 
stvtow. mot. w Weamw M m»p*. forecasts and daa provldctl by Aceu-WeeHier, Inc. -c 1994 



17/02 9/4C 5h 16*1 0/46 pe 

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26/79 14-57 S 24/75 1457 pe 

22-71 12-53 pc 23/73 1152 pc 

24.75 11-52 5 2609 1152 ! 

26/76 13/55 pr 23/73 1253 -lh 

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40 Bambi's aunt 

41 Rings 

43 Mountain 

44 Freedom 

45 Head overseas 
47 Showed 

so Sound of a five 

91 Belle and others 
S3 Appev ahead 
56 Comics • 
ss How a young 
•lady s u c ce eds ? 

62 Sign 
S3 Goodbye 

64 Fountain 

bs Dance stop 

6 5 Almost up 

C7 Indians whose 
- name means - 
"lovers of 


» Actor Stephen 

2 "Do say!' 

sMedit nation 

4 At some times . 

of the year 
-sFair - - - 

sSomethtngto . 

be up Co . 

7 One vote 
a TeB secretly . 

: . S Overlords . " 
lolnauQu/ai balis? 
11 Confront 
l 2 *Parigi,ocara l “ 

. ih'LaTravjaia" 
14 Old dance site 
'l» Airline to 

21 Bit of Tight 

22 Low-priced , 
lodging . 

33. milfaon 

34 Results of dear 

2S Cross-examiner 
27 Jayand famify 
30 Uses force 

at Has a second 
meeting with • 

33 Ed Sulth/an 
Theater host . 

3* Canon feature 
jeHomswoggle . 

42 Diamond call 

45 Comparative - 4B— good turn isrMNb’itma 1 '.". 
suffix . . 31 She at sea r ". •' jphond;. 


4S Tennyson's - saOneofthe- r - • •• 

.. "doves In - : Slnaffas . ■ Wgtonnproaucor 

fmmemoriaf ' • • ' ■ ^•OimebeKyt ■ 

• 84 Aware of . 6i Family member 

Iky O k win ai 

.O New YorkTimes Edited by Will Shorn. 


i £ 


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172-1011 BrszC ■ 

000-8010 • 




, .15500-11 Chile 


Chins. PRC*** 

10811 . 


8*196 Columbia 




Luxembourg • 

OBOOOIU COao Rka*u . 

• ' lh • 


800- 1 111 

Macedonia. F.YJLcf 9980&4288 , Ecuador 





0800-890-110 HSalvadora 

- I9ii - ' 




19*-0011 ’ Guatemala* 





06-022-9111 GnyanU*** 

• - 165 



Norway • 

800-190-21 Honduras 4 * •• 

125 j 


11 - 

Mand**" . - . 

0*010-480-0111 Mexico***'-:. , 




• - 05017-1-288 Nicaragua (Marngga) -• 174 - i 

New Zealand 



01-8004288 Panama* 

■ • 109 i. 




... 155-5042 Pen^. 





. 90-42000101 Suriname 

- r ■ 156 



Spain* r - 

v - 900-99-00-11 Uruguay 

00-A470 | 

Sri Lanka 


020-795-611 _ Venezuela.** 

ftUil 1-120 f 




'■ - 155=00-11 CARIBBEAN 1 


001 9-991-1 U1 


0500-89^)011 . Bahamas 

1-800-872-2883 } 


UfcradnC* ■ • 

8*100-11 Betmuda* 

. X-80Q-872-28H1 ' 



MIDDLE EAST 1 British VI ■ 

1-800-872-2881 ' • j 




- ' 800001 Cayman Islands 

. 1-800-872-28*}' 




. 060-90010 Grenada* 

J-«UM72.2*f j 


00-1 800-00 10 


- 177-10O-Z7Z7 - Haw ■ 

• 00 1-800972-288^ 1 




800-288 Jamaica 44 ' • 

. 0-8f»^72-28??T 

Czech Rep 


Lebanon (Bdns) 

42W01' NetfcAntQ • 

: 001-600-872-2881 


. 8002-0010 


080WH2-7T . SUatstNcriS:. 

' I-ft»-ff72-2Sai' 



Saudi Arabia 

'■ 1-800-10 . - . - AFRICA , 


19 *- 00 U 


00400-12277; - Egypt* (Cairo) 



UAE* . 

800-121'. Gabon* 



AMERICAS’ Gaxbbhr - 

001 11 1 




001-800-200-11 1 L Kenya* 

'ftW-lij ! 


.. 1-800-550-000 . 

Bolivia* _ . . 

0^00.11.12.- Somi Africa 

•- 797*797 

0-600^012? -| 

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