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INTERNATIONAL 




PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


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Paris, Tuesday, June 21, 1994 


Africans See Colonialists Back in New Guise 


By John Damion 

Arm A r-u A wr Yurk Ti »*t Seme 
mutriarfjSr? T For more than a decade, the 
have becn P u "ed downward in a 
3223 2 p,rah j * ■ a 1 resu,t - countries proud of their 
X222!S? and pnckly about sovereignty are finding 
jherosdves more than ever under the thumb of outside 

nShM,:n°c’ P ov ^f rs are not the old colonial masters 
*“* olher would-be exploiters who 
Afl ? ca dur ] n 8 lalk 5 in European drawing 
rooms and conference balls in the 1880s. 

Nor are they the United States and the Soviet Union, 
in™? “? covet P us eves upon the continent in the mid- 
tyvus and turned it into an arena for Cold War confron- 
tation. 

the external superpowers are the International 
Monetary Fund and the World Bank. These institutions, 
founded a half-century ago at the Bretton Woods Con- 


ference to serve the needs of the industrialized world, 
have become the overlords of Africa in the 1990s. 

Gone are the days 10 and IS years ago when socialism 
was “on the march” and powerful leaders from the 
despotic to the high-minded gave it lip service. They 
embraced it because a controlled economy fit well with 
one-man rule that brooked no opposition, because egali- 

Second of a Series 

tarianism seemed progressive and right for Africa and 
because only the Communist countries were backing 
liberation movements in the south. 

“Today you won't find a single African head of state 
who stands on a podium and declares: ‘I’m a Marxist.' ” 
remarked Tei Mante, a Ghanaian who beads the African 
office of the International Finance Corp., an affiliate of 
the World Bank. “Instead, all the talk is about floating 
currency, private enterprise, and getting hold of capital." 


WORLD CUP iVt GRANDSTAND 


Brazil 2, Russia 0 

Brazil made its J 994 debut on Monday 
in Stanford, California, with Rai scor- 
ing Brazil’s 150lh World Cup goal on a 
second-half penalty. In the fust half, 
Romano caught goalkeeper Dimitry 
Kharin wrong-footed after a corner 
kick from Bebeto in the 26th minute. 

Cameroon 2, Sweden 2 

Martin Dahlin's goal with 10 minutes 
to play tied the score, as Sweden rallied 
in Pasadena, California, to get its first 
point in the World Cup finals since a 1- 
1 tie with Brazil in Argentina in 1978. 
“In the last World Cup 1 was young 


and I was injured and not in form, so it 
was a big disappointment,” Dahlin 
said. “And now I have scored my first 
World Cup goal, so I’m very, very 
happy.” 

Roger Ljung, a defender, had given 
Sweden the lead with a header in the 
seventh minute. Cameroon's David 
Embe tied it in the 31st and Francois 
Omam Biyick made it 2-1 early in the 
second half. 

Tuesday’s matches: Argentina vs. Greece, at 
Fox boro, Massachusetts, 1635 GMT; Nigeria 
vs. Bulgaria, at Dallas, 2335 GMT; Germany vs. 
Spain, et Chicago. 2005 GMT. 

World Cup report Pages 18 and 19 


A 'Final 9 Push on Bosnia 
Planned at Naples Summit 




By Roger Cohen 

New York Times Service 

ZAGREB. Croatia ■ — The United 
States, Russia and the European Union 
aim to endorse a final territorial settlement 
for Bosnia at a three-day meeting of lead- 
ers of major industrialized nations begin- 
ning in Naples on July 8, a senior United 
Nations official said Monday. 

The settlement, giving 51 percent of the 
-territory to a Musfim-Croatian federation 
in Bosnia arid 49 perbeht . to the Bosnian 
Serbs, wouid then be subnutted to the 
warring parties on a take-it or Ieave-h 
basis, accompanied by a mixture of blan- 
dishments and potential punishments - 

“If the Muslims agree to the settlement 
and the Serbs don't then the arms embar- 
go on Bosnia could be lifted,” said the 
official, who spoke on condition of ano- 
nymity- “But if the Serbs agree and the 
Muslims don’t the idea, is that trade sanc- 
tions on Serbia could be progressively lift- 
ed.” 

In Bosnia, United Nations officers re- 
ported artillery duels in violation of a 
cease-fire. (Page 2.) 

President Bui Clinton will be in Naples 
from the start of the Group of Seven meet- 
ing and will be joined later by President 
Boris N. Yeltsin of Russia. 

The idea is to lend unprecedented 


weight to the long muddled international 
effort to end the 26-month Bosnian war by 
having the two leaders endorse a proposal 
for the territorial division of Bosnia. 

. This proposed division will be finalized 
at a meeting of foreign ministers from the 
United States, Russia, Britain. France and 
Germany, provisionally set for July 1 and 2 
in Geneva, Western diplomats said. 

But after talks this weekend with 
Charles E Redman, the U.S. diplomat 
leading international efforts to devise a 
Bosnian map acceptable to the warring 
parties, the United Nations official said be 
was pessimistic that even a plan explicitly 
backed by President Clinton and President 
Yeltsin would to end the war. 

“We are into a crucial few weeks that 
will decide if peace prevails or a wider 
conflict erupts, but the signs are not en- 
couraging,” the official said. “Low-level 
fighting continues despite a cease-fire 
signed by the warring parties and there are 
indications of preparations for new offen- 
sives.” 

Mr. Redman and the Russian, British 
and French diplomats in the so-called 
“contact group” working on the proposed 
Bosnian territorial settlement are thus rac- 
ing against time. They have to complete r 

See PLAN, Page 4 



!••■,«> Low Rcuirf. 


Els Is Sudden-Death Victor in U.S. Open Golf 


Ernie Els of South Africa shooting out of a sand trap en route to a sudden-death 
victory over Loren Roberts on Monday at the U.S. Open in Pennsylvania. Page 16. 


Communism’s Messiest Legacy Is a Gasping Black Sea 


„ o V5EE 
•V ,!: 


By John Pomfret 

. Witskmgtan Post Service 

ODESSA, Ukraine — Flooded with pol- 
lutants from land, sea and air; wracked by 
civil war an one coast, packed with tourists 
on others; trapped in the.xniddle of one of 
the world's great political and economic 
t ransformatio ns: The Black Sea, the dirti- 
est in the . world, is dying an agonizing 
death. 

In merely 30 years, the sea has degener- 
ated from one of the world’s most produc- 
tive bodies of water tO'a toilet bowl for half 
of Europe. Jt has become, a 'dumping 


ground for vast quantities of phosphorus, 
inorganic nitrogen, oil, mercury ana pesti- 
cides generated by the 160 million people 
living in its basin. The result is a body of 
water that is fast becoming devoid of oxy- 
gen, and of the fish and plant life that need 
oxygen to flourish. 

In a region struggling to come to terms 
with an environmental crisis following de- 
cades of rule by centrally planned econo- 
mies notorious for their disregard for na- 
ture, the death of the Black Sea would be a 
major defeat in efforts to dean up the mess 
left by communism. For the world as a 


whole, the demise of the Black Sea would 
stand as a chilling prophecy lor other seas. 

Of the 26 species of fisb caught in the 
Black Sea in ibe 1960$, only five remain. 
Mackerel, once the mainstay of the fishing 
industry, were last fished commercially in 
1965. In less than 10 years, the total fish 
catch has plummeted from nearly 700.000 
tons a year to 100,000 ions. 

More than 1 million dolphins frolicked 
in the Black Sea 30 years ago: now the 
population has dropped to about 200,000. 
Many of them are infected with swine 


fever that was probably passed on by waste 
from pig farms up the Danube River delta. 

Monk seals have disappeared. In 1993. a 
Bulgarian hotel developer blew up Lhe last 
cave that the seals called home on that 
coasL 

Oysters and blue mussels, which help to 
clean the water, also are vanishing. The 
rich meadows of bottom-growing algae 
and sea grass Lhat help oxygenate the water 
and lhat once occupied 4.200 square miles 
have shrunk to one-ienth their previous 

See BLACK, Page 4 


No. 34.620 


The IMF and the World Bank are the purveyors of the 
new orthodoxy. They come in to bail out a country that is 
bankrupt. They do so by drawing up a “structural adjust- 
ment program,” a tight package of economic prescrip- 
tions designed to bring about free market enterprise and 
minimize governmental interference. 

Because the package is lied to millions of dollars in aid 
from Western donor countries, it is an offer that cannot 
be refused. And so the IMF and the bank end up calling 
the shots on a broad range of issues — even political 
matters such as calling multiparty elections — that affect 
the lives of milli ons. 

Through its structural adjustment the IMF and the 
bank now oversee and supervise the economies of 30 
countries in sub-Saharan Africa. 

It is hard to exaggerate the depth of Africa's crisis. 

Consider this: Excluding South Africa, the 1991 gross 

See AFRICA, Page 5 


Markets Dive Lower 
In U.S. and Europe 
As Dollar Slides 

Fed Awakens Investors Find 
To Nightmare Nowhere to Go 


By Keith Bradsher 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON — The dollar’s plunge 
Monday in international currency markets 
is a nightmare come true for Federal Re- 
serve officials, because it forces them to 
consider a fifth interest-rate increase this 
year even as economic growth seemed to 
be leveling off. 

Central bank officials had been publicly 
patting themselves on the back for the last 
several weeks. They believed lhat by rais- 
ing short-term interest rates four times this 
spring they had successfully prevented a 
burst of high economic growth that could 
have fed inflation by forcing companies to 
bid up prices for scarce materials and high- 
ly trained workers. 

But just as the economy had seemed to 
be settling into a steady pace of sustained 
growth, the dollar’s fall has now raised 
another, very different threat of inflation. 
The threat is lhat foreign manufacturers 
will raise their prices in the United States 
to keep earning the same number of yen or 
Deutschemarks from U.S. sales, ana that 
American producers will raise their prices 
too, as competitive pressures ease. 

While no Federal Reserve officials are 
willing to say so pubtidy for fear of desta- 
bilizing the markets, they have privately 
made dear their willingness in recent 
weeks to prevent the dollar from collaps- 
ing by raising interest rates still higher 
even if Lhe economy suffers as a result. 

Higher interest rates make American 
bonds and money market accounts more 
attractive to international investors, who 
must buy dollars in order to acquire them. 
But if interest rates on long-term bonds 
rise to 8 percent or higher, as some econo- 
mists expect, then fewer Americans will be 
able to afford car loans and home mort- 
gages, fewer cars and bouses will probably 
be built and the economy will slow. 

Higher interest rates would also tend to- 
ptish down stock prices, as corporations 
are forced to pay more to borrow money 
and as demand for their products slows. 

Choosing between the dollar and the 
domestic economy's short-term health is a 
staple of economic textbooks. The Federal 
Reserve's dilemma is particularly painful 
now, because the centra] bank announced 
after its last, half-percentage-poim in- 
crease in short-term interest rates on May 
17 that it had “substantially” completed its 
current round of interest rate increases. 

“It's a bad dream.” said John H. Makin. 
a resident economist at the American En- 
terprise Institute, a Washington research 
group. “No central banker wants to be in 
the position of thinking they’ve raised in- 
terest rates enough and then global capital 
markets don't think so.” 

The biggest fear stalking Federal Re- 
serve officials is that the United States may 
be reliving the tumultuous events of the 
Carter administration. The U.S. economy 
in 1978, as now, was growing faster than 
Olher industrial nations and imports 
soared, so that foreigners were being paid 
more dollars than they were spending for 
American goods. The’ value of the dollar 
began to faS, a problem worsened by inter- 
national skepticism of the Carter adminis- 
tration's foreign policy and similar to the 
current skepticism over the Clinton ad- 
ministration’s diplomatic skills. 

The Federal Reserve chose in 1978 to 
accommodate the dollar's fall and left in- 
terest rates roughly where they were. When 
inflation jumped to 113 percent the fol- 
lowing year, the Fed was forced to raise 
short-term interest rates to 20 percent to 
bring it under control, provoking a deep 
recession by 1981. 


Down 

g 3488 

taw*, 

The Dollar 

New you., 

DM 


Mon doss 
1.5995 


By Erik Ipsen 
and Lawrence Malkin 

International Herald Tribune 

For the second successive session, the 
U.S. stock market took a dive Monday on 
fears about inflation and uncertainty 
about the world's financial markets. In 
Europe, bond yields soared, in turn forcing 
share prices into headlong retreat. 

The Dow Jones industrial average 
dosed down 34.88 points at 3,741.90 after 
falling 34 points on Friday. Like domi- 
noes, the bad news spread across the world 
through a falling dollar. (Page 9) 

The DAX index of share prices in Ger- 
many closed with a loss of nearly 4 percent 
of its value on the day. its lowest closing 


Down 5 

1.26% m 
110-86 f§ 

ptWOOSGtoM 

1.6095 

1.5345 

102.69 

5.5005 


level since Oct. 4. In France, the CAC-40 
stock index closed down 33 points after 
having been down as much as 58 earlier. , 

In London, the Finandal Tiraes-Stock 
Exchange index lost 52 points and closed 
for the first time in months below the 3,000 
level but far above its 86-point drop dur- 
ingthe day. 

The spurt in commodity prices that 
pushed up interest rates and pushed down 
the U.S. stock market on Friday unraveled 
on Monday, with weekend rains that im- 
plied lower prices for corn and soybeans 
and pushed down the closely followed 
-Commodity Research Bureau Index by 
325 (joints. But oil futures held steady, 
and with them, fears of inflation that fixat- 
ed short-term markets and spoiled long- 
term dealing. 

“What difference should a little rain 
make to the price of a 30-year bond? It’s 
irrelevant,” said David Wyss of DRI/Mc- 
Graw Hill. 

But not to investors — and the fund 
managers who work for them — who think 
otherwise and overreact. This has turned 
bond markets into a casino. Moreover, 
since the world's capital markets must fi- 
nance development tn the new lands now 
open to trade — from China to South 
America — nobody knows bow high the 
returns will have to rise to pull money from 
New York, London and Tokyo. 

All this is happening because govern- 
ments have deregulated their financial 
markets and opened them to money from 
outside. 

Meanwhile the markets themselves have 
converted and packaged long-term invest- 
ments such as mortgages and medium- 
term ones such as car and credi t-card loans 
into securities that can be dumped at the 
keystroke of a computer with no certainty 
that someone will buy them. Nothing like 
this, said John Lipsky of Salomon Broth- 
ers, has existed since pre-1914 world of 
international capitalism. 

The change can be read quickly in a few 
statistics. 

American mutual funds, which now 
roam the globe hunting for opportunities, 
took a decade to grow from a total of $80 
billion to $1 trillion in 1990. 

In the four years since then, they have 
doubled to $2 trillion and are still growing 

See MARKETS, Page 10 


Kiosk 


Simpson Enters 
Not Guilty Plea 


• ; tjvjring tired and somber in a Los 
Angeles courtroom, the former foot- 
ball star Oj. Simpson pleaded not 
- guilty Monday to charges that he mur- 
deroUhis former wile and a male 
fncnff&Sers. . . - - ^ fc - 

• Mrr^Smpson calmly said not 
guilty^ .^Bfaen asked for his plea. Tb© 
judge sa-kiprelnninary hearing for 
June.3B. Jifc Simpson has denied m- 
vdvementiBtbe June 12 deat hs of his 
former wife^Nicole Brown Simpson, 
35, andRohaid Goldman, 25. (Page3) 



Newsstand Prices 


Andorra -;v..9.00 FF Luxembourg 40 L. Fr 

AnHHes;..;.Tl JO FF Morocco., WDh 

Correrbon*. 1*400 CFA Qatar 8.00 Rials 

, Egypt:.:.,. E.P. 5000 R6onion.. v n.20FF 
t France^ :.'.9.oO FF Saudi Arabia ..9.00 R. 
Gabon M ..\..%eCFA‘ 'Senegal .....W0 CPA 
Greece. J.... JQO Dr. . Spain 200 PTAS 
Lire Tunisia -••LOW Din 

. .1 VWV Coast ;1,1»CFA Turkey ..T.L. 35,000 

i JoriSdn^dV.4..l JP-.U.A.E: .» 

Lebanon., .USS 150 U.S. Mil. f Ear.) SI .10 



CfeJras, leader of the rating junta, at a government ceremony Monday, 
s (o leave for exile, perhaps by arranging for them to be paid off. Page 2. 


Can Japanese Lighten Up? 

Daylight Time Issue Clouds Landscape 


By Steven Brull 

International Herald Tribune 

TOKYO — Summertime, when the liv- 
ing is easy, is a little complex in Japan. 

In Japan, there is no daylight time and 
dusk comes early. Even if daylight lasted 
longer, recreational facilities are too 
sparse, and private homes too meager, to 
permit widespread sporting activities or 
outdoor barbecues. 

In Tokyo on Tuesday, the start of sum- 
mer and the longest day of the year, the 
sun will rise at 4:25 A.NL and set at 7 P.M. 
In Sapporo, on the northern island of Hok- 
kaido, the sun will come up at 3:55 A.M. 
The sky will begin to brighten before 3:30 
A.M. By the time most Japanese get to 
work, it will have been light for nearly five 
hours. 

For years. Japan's Ministry of Interna- 
tional Trade and Industry has mounted a 
low-level campaign for daylight time in 
Japan, known here as samamaimu. Besides 
Iceland, which enjoys the midnight sun in 
summer, Japan is the only member of the 
Organization for Economic Cooperation 
and Development without daylight time. 

MITI argues tiiat longer days would 
reduce Japan's big imported oil bill, and 
expand its domestic economy by 1,2 tril- 
lion yen ($11.7 billion) as work -obsessed 


Japanese engage in. and create, new leisure 
activities. But hopes of succeeding as soon 
as 1995 have sunk as fast as the summer 
sun. 

“We no longer have a clear target for- 
introducing daylight lime,” said Yukari 
Wada. deputy director of the energy policy 
planning division of the Ageocy of Natural 
Resources and Energy, which is part of 
MITI. “Many people are opposed because 
they fear disruptions, even though these 
fears are based mostly on misunderstand- 
ing.” 

Some of the misunderstandings stem 
from the four-year period from 1948. when 
Japan, then under U.S. occupation, had its 
only experience with daylight time. The 
experience left a bad taste because in the 
postwar period reconstruction was all-con- 
suming, and there was no thought of leav- 
ing work before dark; longer days only 
meant longer work. The Japanese diet also 
was inadequate, and some complained of 
getting hungry before bed if they ate din- 
ner before dark. Samaataimu was 
scrapped as soon as the occupation ended, 

Japan, of course, has been reconstruct- 
ed. and the diet has gotten so rich that 
today's youth are the tallest, and most 
blubbexy, Japanese generation ever. Yet. 

See SUMMER, Page 4 


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Page 2 


I.NTERiNATtONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. TUESDAY. JUNE 21, 1994 




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Haitians at a river crossing between their couctn and the Dominican Republic. Despite the embargo, goods move across the border. 


Russian Economy Shows Signs 


TT ® df 3 


By Margaret Shapiro 

Washington Pnsi Service 

MOSCOW — Russia’s economic free 
fall may be slowing, according to statis- 
tics that show increases in both Russian 
income and consumption levels. 

While statistics here are best treated 
with caution, these suggest at least some 
cause for cautious optimism in what has 
been, and remains, an extremely bleak 
economic picture. 

According to the Russian govern- 
ment's Working Center for Economic 
Reforms, real income in April was 20 
percent higher than a year ago in April: 
consumption, meanwhile, was up 1 1 per- 
cent, with Russians eating better than 
they have in the last few years and snap- 
ping up televisions, furniture and cars. 

Both figures suggest that living stan- 
dards have unproved for many Russians 
in the last year, despite official statistics 
that show industrial production collaps- 
ing by 25 percent in the first quarter of 
this year. 


Even with the increase, however, con- 
sumption and income levels are still only 
about where they were in 19S5. accord- 
ing to Richard Layard. an adviser to the 
Russian government from the London 
School of Economics. 


"I can't sa> Ru.?'ia has reached the 
bottom.” Mr. Layard said. "But :i R 1 £J 
be the case that the *r eraii collapse has 
stopped, that the fail in ouipai is P.3tien- 
Lns, out " 


Mr. Layard said that conflicting statis- 
tical impressions were probably due to 
the fact that Russia's quickly growing 
private and service sector is still mostly 
uncharted by the government and does 
not appear in its industrial figures, mak- 
ing the economic picture seem much 
bleaker Lhan it probably is. 


True stabilization, lie said, would like- 
ly be another two years away. 


Yellsin Firm on Decree 


The stale Committee on Statistics re- 
cently reported that the number of Rus- 
sians living below the poverty level had 
dropped in comparison to the first quar- 
ter of 1993. 


inflation, meanwhile, has dropped to 
about 8 percent a month, which if it 
holds steady will mean an annual rate for 
1994 of about 150 percent. 


President Boris N. Veil sin ceiled Rus- 
sia's Parliament or. Monday and sig- 
naled he was standing by hi < decree giv- 
ing police sweeping powers for a 
crackdown on Maiia-.-iyie criminal*. 
Reuiers reported from Moscow. 

The Parliament condemned the decree 
last week, savins Mr Yeltsin had violat- 
ed both the law and the constitution in 
bypassing the Icrislu'.ure. The decree 
gives extra rower; - to police to enter 
premises, seize document, investigate fi- 
nances and hold suspects for up to 30 
davs without churaes. 


By Elaine Sciolino 

.Yftr York Tutus Seme e 

WASHINGTON — To 
avoid an invasion of Haiti, the 
United Stales is uvmg to in- 
duce the three top military lead- 
ers of the Caribbean nation to 
leave for a comfortable life in 
exile, perhaps by arranging for 
them to be paid off, senior ad- 
ministration officials say. 

As part of that strategy, 
much of the country’s 7,000- 
member armed forces and mili- 
tary police would also stand to 
avoid punishment upon the re- 
turn of the Reverend Jean-Ber- 
trand Aristide, the popularly 
elected president who was de- 
posed in a military coup in 
1991. 

The strategy has emerged m 
recent weeks as the United 
States received intelligence re- 
ports of rising discontent 
among enlisted men and some 
senior military officials in Hai- 
ti, the officials said. 

The CIA, which until recent- 
ly had discounted similar re- 
ports, has begun to lake them 
seriously. 

To create even more dissent 
in the military, the United 
States will begin broadcasting 
propaganda messages by way of 


a new shipborae radio station, 
aaio 


called Radio Democracy, in the 
next few days. 

The radio has a twofold mis- 
sion: to persuade the military to 
get rid of the triumvirate that 
rules Haiti by tdling the rank 
and file that their futures are 
secure if they welcome bade Fa- 
ther Aristide, and to dissuade 
Haitians from fleeing by boat 
unless they can prove they have 
a well-founded rear of persecu- 
tion. 

Fa Lber Aristide is expected to 
broadcast a message that his 
goal is reconciliation, not ven- 
geance. 

And in preparing for his 
eventual return, the United 
Stales has persuaded Canada to 
begin training about 100 Hai- 


nan exiles on Canadian soS as 
the core of a new police force, 
U5. and Canadian officials 
said. The force, which is to be 
trained by the Royal Canadian 
Mounted Police, would be 
poised to return to Haiti to try 
to maintain security if Father 
Aristide is restored to power. 

The administration is seeking 
ways to ease the peaceful depar- 
ture of the three mSitaiy leaders 
by persuading them to assume 
that they will not be punished 
for the repression dial has oc- 
curred daring their rule, srnor 
administraoon officials said. 

The three top officials are 
Lieutenant General Raoul C6- 
dras, the leader of the ruling 
junta; Colonel Joseph Michel 
Francois, the police command- 
er; and General Philippe 
Biamby, the army chief of staff. 

“The social security system in 
Haiti doesn't work yeiy wefl,” a 

senior a dminis tr ation official 

said. “We want to induce the 
trio to leave, and there arc many 
ways to achieve the goal.” 

One scenario, the official 
added, “is that the MRE could 
pay off” the three men. MRJEs, 
the official said, are “morally 
repugnant elites” with access to 
large sums Of money in Haiti. 

France and Spain would be 
possible places of refuge, other 
officials said, although, senior 
officials in both countries said 
that the US. government had 
rwutr no formal request. 

By embracing rather than 
condemning most of the mili- 
tary establishment, the admin- 
istration would seek to remove 
one of biggest obstacles to Fa- 
ther Aristide's return: the deep- 
seated fear held by members of 
the military and the military po- 
lice that they would be stripped 
of their posts and subject to 
retribution. 

The administration is pursu- 
ing the new strategy in the hope 
thar it can pave the way lor the 
restoration of democracy with- 
out a U.S.-Ied military invasion. 



lock ratification. 

The demonstration in Seoul came ju st horn s yatec 
meat announced it would no longer . 3 
meat protests. Demonstrators foughTbadk yitb ;y : 

police fired tear gas to break up the rally, bat nor-uijMtes wesp^ 
reported, protests were also held ia at least two Other 
includin g Kwangju, whereabout 800 studeBtsthreWJp(^a^ ra5? ;: i 
bombs In a street battle against tbe poSce.--- ' ; •va.-y-i.-ai-l 


EU Curbs Immigrants to Shield 

. . n.A,inn m' -A •’ 7 tmhi, 1 nmW 


LUXEMBOURG (Reutere) — Tbe 
Monday to tighteni " " 

nationals. 




TT- J . "jj- 

Justice and Home Affairs monsters, meeting hcr e^ow 
tiy-vip the issue of nou-EU nationals living legally.in tfw torop^u^r> 
Union’s territory, which they agreed to deal with »?paratd^T^:«^ 
resolution does not affect nationals of European Free, i 

Association states linked with the EU witinii the European fcqo^y-’ 
nomic Area or young people; who. wodefora family for a’sh^",^ 
period to improve their language skins.; V • : . - -, . w 

“Germany and other countnes witt very soon find th ansdw asffi 
with large numbers of economic refegees-frtMa 
an official said at a news conference after the meeting, • - ! V5£“* 


Bomb Kills 25 at Iran Holy Site 

Tehran Blames ‘ Bloodsucking Bats’ Among Its Foes 


IN 


eports Justices to Rule on Limits 
Gun Duels On Congressional Terms 


Compiled by Our Staff From DupaKha 


NICOSIA — A bomb ex- 
ploded Monday in a crowded 

i 11 i i i.. .f 



wounding 
an press agency, IRNA. said. 

Authorities blamed the oppo- 
sition Mujahidin Khalq, which 
is based in Iraq, but the dissi- 
dent group denied involvement 

Iran’s religious leader. Aya- 
tollah Saved All Khamenei, 
urged authorities to bring to 
justice the “bloodsucking bats” 
responsible for the attack in the 
northeastern holy city. 

The Iranian press agency, 
monitored in Cyprus, had first 
said 70 people were killed and 
114 wounded. It Later lowered 
the figures. 

It was one of the worst terror- 


ist attacks in the country since 
the end of of the eight-year 
Iran- Iraq War in 1988. 

In a statement issued from its 
office in France, a Mujahidin 
Khalq spokesman “strongly 
condemned” the bombing. 

“Such criminal actions, 
which inflict casualties on inno- 
cent people, only serve the in- 
terests of the mullahs’ regime,” 
the spokesman said. 

Pilgrims from all over Iran 
had gathered in Meshed to 
commemorate Ashura. the an- 
niversary of the death of the 
Shiite leader Imam Hussein, the 
grandson of Mohammed. 

Rescuers helped take the 
wounded to hospitals in 
Meshed. Three of the wounded 
were said to be children under 
10 . 

Officials said investigators 


had “found clues indicating in- 
volvement by the Mujahidin.” 
the press agency said. 

Security forces found type- 
written "tracts at the scene 
signed by “the Mujahid sons 
and followers of the June 20 
armed uprising.” it said. 

Earlier, tens of thousands of 
bystanders crowded the sireeis 
of Tehran to watch religious pa- 
rades marking Ashura. 

This year the parades were 
low-key in marked contrast to 
the seif-inflicted blood-letting 
and flagellation that had char- 
acterized previous processions. 

Ayatollah Khamenei criti- 
cized the practice of head-slash- 
ing. known as qameh-zuni. last 
week, calling it an “evil and 
wrong custom” and warned 
that it had been banned by Ira- 
nian authorities. (AP. AFP l 


In Bosnia 


P<itcn 

SARAJEVO — Major viola- 
tions of the uneasy 1 0-day-old 
truce in Bosnia were reported 
Monday by the United Nations 
only hours after Bosnian Serbs 
threatened a decisive counterof- 
fensive again.*! Muslims. 


By Linda Greenhouse 

A'fH rant Times Sertite 

WASHINGTON — Moving 
quickly to resolve a constitu- 
tional debate with high political 
stakes, the Supreme Court 
agreed Monday to decide 
whether states can limit the 
terms that members of Con- 


in to provide a definitive resolu- 
tion. But this time l tbe justices 
were evidently persuaded that 
the question was one of growing 
national importance that 
should be resolved by the Su- 
ae Coart sooner rather than 


Nigerian Official Supports iMfe 

LAGOS (AFP) — A Nigerian g o v er nm ent minister. hteL r t , . v 
backed the opposition leader, MoshoodlLCh A htola^m hisriam?^’ 
to be the country’s president. It was the first . such move_by^k|^ 
member of the military-led repine. : T , . 7 . • : 

“We should remember dial in whatever we doin 

- ■ _\ : — — ■ ~ ~ ■»* -■*-- -J -a 

D; 

Abi> ... 

present stand, we will be proud of him, tea” : j ' 


IwClll oUIliUi nw mu uv pvuu VI imu, wv. • \A .. K I 

On June 11, Mr. Abioia, who in unofficial 
presidential election last June that was annulled by ihe junta of ■V, 
the time, has challenged the mihtaiy-goveniment’by prodamSng y 1 
himself head of state, dedaring a parallel govennnent and gang. % 
into hiding. A spokesman said last week thatMr. Abioia planned^ j 
to surface soon. ; 


er. 


VACHERON CONSTANTIN 

Geneva, since 1755 



The UN spokesman in Sara- 
je%o. Commander Erie Chaper- 
on. said there had been artillery 
duels but said there was no evi- 
dence or preparations for large 
infantry operations. 

He said the United Nations 
force was aware of media re- 
ports oi fighting adding: ''Ob- 
viously there are major viola- 
tions of the truce." 

Commander Chaperon said 
there was “no confirmed evi- 
dence of ground fighting or 
preparations for major ground 


Vgcheran Constantin. 1 rue das Malta?. CH 1204 Gan*ve 


attacks.’ 


The Bosnian Serbs' leader. 
Radovan Karazdic, said the 
Bosnian Serbs troops would be- 
gin a “counteroffensive identi- 
cal to tb 2 t in Gorazde” if Mus- 
lim attacks on the Mount Ozren 
area did not stop. 

A senior Serbian officer 
backed the threat, saying his 
forces would drop their policy 
of “passive defense” in the 
event of further Muslim at- 
tacks, the Serbian news agency 
said. 


Serbs halted iheir assault on 
the Muslim enclave of Gorazde 
in eastern Bosnia in April only 
after NATO threatened to 
strike Serbian positions. 

Mr. Karadzic said thousands 
of Serbian civilians had fled the 
offensive, which he said was 
aimed at securing control of a 
strategic road in central Bosnia. 

The road cuts across a long 
finger of mountainous terrain 
under Serbian control but sur- 
rounded on three sides by 
forces of the Bosnian govern- 
menL 


gress may serve. 

The justices will hear an ap- 
from a decision of the Ar- 
sas Supreme Court, which 
ruled in March that a term-lim- 
its amendment that Arkansas 
voters added to the state consti- 
tution in a 1992 referendum vi- 
olated tbe U.S. Constitution. 

The case will be argued in the 
fall and will most likely be de- 
cided in the spring of 1995. 

The state court decision was 
appealed by the Arkansas attor- 
ney general, Winston Bryant, 
and by U. S. Term Limits, one 
of several national organiza- 
tions that have helped get term- 
limit measures on state ballots 
by tapping into anti-incumbent 
and and -Congress sentiment 
Fourteen states in addition to 
Arkansas have placed restric- 
tions on the number of terms 
■that members of their congres- 
sional delegations can serve. A 
half dozen other states are ex- 
pected to hold referendums on 
the question in the Novonber 
elections. 

By 60 percent to 40 percent. 
Arkansas voters approved 
Amendment 73 to the state con- 
stitution, which makes a person 
who has served three terms in 
the House of Representatives or 
two terms in the Senate ineligi- 
ble to be certified as a candidate 
for re-election or to have his 
name on the ballot If elected as 
a write-in candidate, however, 
theperson can serve. 

The Arkansas appeal was the 
first term-limits case to reach 
the Supreme Court, and thejus- 
tices acted with unusual speed 
to in accepting it 

Usually, the court waits to 
see how lower courts have han- 
dled a new issue before stepping 


In addition to Arkansas, the 
states that have placed limits on 
the terms of members of Con- 
gress are Arizona, California, 
Colorado, Florida. Michigan. 
Missouri. Montana, Nebraska, 
North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon. 
South Dakota. Wyoming, and 
Washington, where the term 
limit was struck down in Febru- 
ary by a U.S. district judge. 

The state has appealed that 
rulin g to the U.S. Court of Ap- 
peals for the Ninth Circuit, in 
San Francisco, while also ask- 
ing the Supreme Court to take 
the unusual step of hearing the 
appeal itself directly from the 
district court. The justices 
turned down that request Mon- 
day without comment 

Alaska, Idaho, Maine, Mas- 
sachusetts. Nevada. Oklahoma 
and Utah are expected to bold 
term-limit referendums in the 
November elections. 


Canada Resumes Food Aid to Cuba 


V /oi- 


OTTAWA (Reuters) — Canada on Monday restored md pn^ 7 
grams for Cuba that had been suspended since 1975L saying&W 
wanted to help ease hardship on the Communist-ruled island. * V V 
Canadian officials said that the isolation of Cuba advocaled^ T 7 
the United States was counterproductive and that Ottawa’s pp^T' ; ‘ 
reversal was meant to encourage peaceful political change, 
time to turn the page on Cuba,” said Foreign Minister Andre. 
Oudlet •. '■-*■ . : 

Canada announced $360,000 in eme rgency food aid 
delivered through the World Food Pro g r a m to children and - 
pregnant or breast-feeding women. Cuba will get $720,000 motey: 7 
over the next year. 


For the Record 




A prominent Musfim religious leader In Kashmir, Qazi Nissar; , 
was kidnapped from his home, and his bullet-riddled body waC 
found later near a mosque in the village of Diylagam, news repefftsy 
said Monday. Thane was no immediate claim of responsbOiQrfQk-s 
the killing. 


TRAVEL UPDATE 




The basic constitutional 
question steins from two provi- 
sions of Article I that are 
Imown as the “qualifications 
clauses,” because they list the 

3 ualifi cations for members of 
le House and Senate. A repre- 
sentative must be at least 25 
years old, a citizen of the Unit- 
ed States for at least seven 
years, and an inhabitant of the 
state from which he is elected. 
For senators, the age is 30 years 
and the citizenship requirement 
is nine years. 

The Arkansas Supreme 
Court ruled that these qualifica- 
tions were exclusive, and that 
tbe state could not amend them 
by adding a farther restriction 
based on prior service in Con- 
gress. It found Amendment 73 
to be in “direct conflict” with 
the qualifications clauses. 


Strike to Disrupt French Rail Service' 

PARIS (AFP) — French railroad workers protesting planned^' 
job cuts will strike this week in a stoppage expected to disrupt^-; 
service in much of the country, the French national raifrood 

Mot ' 


company, SNCF, announced Monday. 


The strike is set to begin at 8 P.M. Tuesday and last until 6 xjM& £ 
Thursday. Of the m ai n lines, only the northern and- eastK^.T-"- 
netwoiks are expected to operate normally, the SNCF said. In dfe.' J 
west, southwest and southeast, only one in three trains wfll-be 1 
running. 

High-speed TGV trains covering northern French and Europe^-’ 
an routes should operate normally. TGVs linking Paris 
Atlantic and southeast regions will be reduced by one-half. : v «V / 

The bead of Britain’s raOroad radon, Jimmy Knapp, said Mon-' 
day be was pessimistic that talks could avert a second 24hbur^ 
national rail strike on Wednesday. (Reuters} ' 

Thousands of travelers were stranded in Colombia on Monday ; 
when pilots went on strike demanding higher salaries and joo 
security measures, officials said. fAFF}G- 

The Pakistan* capital, Is l amaba d, sizzled in record heat •& -' ■ 
temperatures soared to 46.5 degrees centigrade (116 Fahrenheit) - : 
on Monday. (RoMfir ; 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY. JUNE 21, 1994 


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iow Don 9 t Need a Tout for This Race 


By Deborah Sontag 

Nt# York Tuna Service 

NEW YORK — A man 
wearing headphones passed out 
pink fliers in front or the Immi- 
gration and Naturalization Ser- 
vice headquarters, mumbling 
“Green card, green card” in ac- 
cented English. 

When a passerby expressed 
interest, he escorted her across 
the street and into a seventh- 
floor office with a brass name- 
plate that said. “Ola Mau-Ma- 
zeL Diplomat.” 

Inside the scruffy office, Ms. 
Mata-Mazel promised help for 
anyone interested in getting a 
green card through a State De- 
partment visa lottery that began 
June 1 and ends June 30. 

For $100, die said, she would 
make sure an applicant had the 
best possible chance of win- 
ning. But until the fee was paid, 
she said, she would not reveal 
“the secret.” 

“I cannot give away my se- 
crets," she later explained by 
telephone. “I have to pay the 
rent” 

Ms. Mata-Mazel is one 
among many immigration con- 


sultants. lawyers and fly-by- 
night operators selling their ser- 
vices to those seeking a chance 
at legal residency through the 
special lottery. 


birth on a plain sheet of paper, 
then enclose it in an envelope 
with a return address. 

“It’s truly disgusting what 
they’re doing, essentially charg- 


But the lottery is simple to ing people to do something that 
enter, and winners are chosen at was designed to be done by a 
random. No expert can increase lay person,” said Alfred CerulJo 
an applicant's odds of being sc- 3d, the city's consumer affairs 
lected by computer for a chance commissioner. 


at one of 55,000 green cards. 
There are no secrets. 

Still, every immigration pro- 


“You have boiler-room oper- 
ations and phone banks and 
lawyers that are preying on pco- 


gram spawns an opportunistic pie's vulnerability and anxiety 
service industry, and this one is and trust at a time when their 
no different. This lottery is lives are at issue." 
open to illegal immigrants and It is not illegal to charge peo- 
aspiring immigrants still pie for unnecessary services, 
abroad. About all the authorities can do 


open to illegal immigrants and It is not illegal to charge peo- 
aspiring immigrants still pie for unnecessary services, 
abroad. About all the authorities can do 

Winners, if they meet eligi bil- is fine people who make fraudu- 
ity requirements, get a visa to lent claims, 
enter the country as a legal im- In Los Angeles, David Amk- 
migrant, then receive a green raut, a lawyer who calls himself 
card, or legal permanent rest- "one of the largest lottery prac- 
dency, after arriving. tilioners in the country,” prom- 

In immigrant havens across ises clients a special edge if they 
the country and in the neigh- pay him $50 to $75. 
borboods of consular offices In Pompano Beach, Florida, 


applications at its visa center on 
the former Pease Air Force 
Base in Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. 

As they arrive, the letters are 
sorted by world region, the 
names entered in a data base 
and the letters held in bags at a 
warehouse, which is surrounded 
by guards. 

There is no form and no fee 
to apply. Counselors at federal 
and local government hot lines 
are available to explain the de- 
tails of the process. Some immi- 
gration lawyers say that even 
the simple instructions can be 
daunting, especially for those 
who do not speak English. 

Still, the American Immigra- 
tion Lawyers Association rec- 
ommends that its members help 
applicants without charge, with 
an eye toward developing them 
as future clients. 

And Hal Lieberman, the 
chief counsel for a New York 



name, birthday and place of 


The American Dream: 
How It Can Come True 


Net? York Tunes Service 

What it is: Congress established the visa lottery as part of the 
Immigration Act of 1990. Winners, if they met eligibility require- 
ments, gist a visa to enter the country as a legal immigrant, then 
receive a green card, or legal permanent residency. 

Who is eligible: Anyone in the United States or abroad, except 
natives of Britain. Canada, China, the Dominican Republic, El 
Salvador, India, Jamaica, Mexico, the Philippines, South Korea 
and Vietnam. 

Natives erf Hong Kong and Northern Ireland are eligible. 

Applicants must have at least a high school education — not a 
GED diploma — or two years of recent work experience in a field 
that requires at least two years of training or experience. 


abroad, consultants and law- the American Immigration ^ a P“ nar )' 4 c ® mm i l ‘ 

yers are charging from $10 to Council collects $95 and tells ee ’ . An honest lawyer 
$800 to perform a straight or- applicants they have "a really a P®”? 0, 1 

ward task: write an immigrant's good chance this year.” 

name, birthday and pllce of In New York City, a pink ?* 5 * but you don 1 oecd 

handbill distributed on the .. . 

T. streets solicit s would-be legal Many illegal immigrants here 

m l Worn* immigrants to call one of Jour a ? d aspiring immigrants 

JLfream. telephone numbers. Applicants ? h b ™2j^? ly fatbom 

w are then directed to send a $100 ? al c&ances ^ 

TVnii\ money order to the Immigra- P^° ve paying a supposed ex~ 

jOULG JL FUG don and Naturalization Service 

Assistance Center at 28 Vesev u Wnow bow l ° lake ? r 

Sen-ice Sl, Suite 229?^ ' “ perform the most basic 

1 the visa lottery as part of the The “Assistance Center’’ is Lasks _ 10 tbe a PP hcauon - 

kif they met eligibility require- unrelated to the federal immi- Emilio Solo, a recent immi- 
ltry as a legal immigrant, then gration agency; the “Suite” is a S 1 * 11 * from Ecuador, did not 

lanent residency. postal box. know where to buy a stamp or 

Jnited States or abroad, except Congress established the visa ma ^ a letter. 


line: Applications must arrive by June 30. 

How to apply: Applicants can submit only one application. 

There is no form. A plain sheet of paper should be used, and 
include, in English: The applicant's full name, with last name 
underlined Birth date. Place of birth. Mailing address. 

The same information should be included if applicable, for a 
spouse and children. 

Applications should be sent in a regular letter or business 
envelope by regular mail 

A return address should be on the envelope, beginning with the 
applicant’s native country, followed by name, address and coun- 
try of residence. 

Where to apply: Envelopes should be sent to DV-1 Program, 
National Visa Center, Portsmouth, N.H., with the zip code de- 
pending on the region of applicant's native country — - Asia: 
00210; South America: 00211; Europe: 00212; Africa: 00213: 
Oceania: 00214; North America: 00215, 

Information; There is a State Department hot line, (202) 663- 
1600, and a New York Immigration hot line, (718) 899-4000; 
outside New York, (8001232A&1Z . 


should be used, and 


.t-tvv National 


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lottery as pan of the Immigra- 
tion Act of 1990 to create great- 
er diversity among immigrants. 
For the first three years, the 
State Department accepted ap- 
plications for the lottery from 
36 countries, mostly in Europe, 
that were considered underrep- 
resented in the immigrant pop- 
ulation of the prior 25 years. Of 
the visas, 40 percent were set 
aside for the Irish. 

Starting this year, the pool of 
applicants for the annual lot- 
tery was expanded to include 
everyone except those from the 
1 1 countries that sent the most 
immigrants to the United States 
in the previous year. 

In order to get a green card, 
the winners must nave a high 
school diploma or at least two 
years of work experience in a 
field that requires two years of 
training. 

By last week, the State De- 
partment had recaved 3 million 


can do the application for you 

for $85. but vou don't need - _ 

me;- Away From Politics 

Many illegal immigrants here 

and aspiring immigrants _ . . . . 

abroad simply cannot fathom * " r P axl being omen borne 

that their chances will not im- 5 8 * 11 *5 Cars0n ’ J C ^ 0I ? ia 

prove by paying a supposed ex- deput/s pin and wounded 

pert, authorities say. Some do ^.en killed a chaplam who 

not know how to take part, or Wl ?^ Jk® deputy, the police 

how to perform the most basic l jj at fh-rck Perns, 25, sh 

tasks related to the application. ^ a ^ n ’ Bruce Bryan, four time 

Emilio Soto, a recent immi - away ; 

grant from Ecuador, did not *10108168 briefly over 

know where to buv a stamp or security pnson in Sparta, G< 

mail a letter. the water was cut off. Three 

On a recent morning, Mr. — — 

Soto, who lives in Queens and 

works as a dishwasher at a Ko- £!• T] 

rean restaurant, stood before a ^TIT'lYlCbftTl ■ 
hand-lettered sign in the win- l-'UUpOUU X 
dow of Pronto Fingerprinting. 

The sign, in Spanish, promised Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 
information inside about the LOS ANGELES — The for- 
Io “®D r - ... , mer football superstar O.J. 

My neighbor told me that Simpson, looking weary and 

the United States is avme away enmw 


.: r -i"'*. .?.?* *»>* 

_ ... 1 rtnnf ■ Tlx \v.KukJ Pn" 

IMPERIAL SNAPSHOT — Emperor Akihito of Japan taking a photograph of Empress MicMko, in wtite top, and park rangers 
during a walk in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. The royal couple was midway through a two-week US. tour. 


• A man being driven borne from a bar 
fight in Carson, California, grabbed a 
deputes gun and wounded the officer, 
then killed a chaplam wbo was riding 
with the deputy, the police said. They 
said that Derek Pettis, 25, shot the chap- 
lain, Bruce Bryan, four times as he tried 
to run away. 

• Inmates briefly took over a medium- 
security prison in Sparta, Georgia, after 
the water was cut off. Three guards suf- 


fered minor injuries before the prisoners 
returned to their cells, after about three 
hours. It was not immediately known 
what caused the water to be cul off at the 
770-bed prison. 

• A baby-sitter lost her grip on a 3-year- 
old she was holding in (he cooling spray 
of an open fire hydrant in New York 
City and the water jet threw the child 
into the path of a truck. The child, Mea- 


gan Barrosa, was dead on arrival at a 
hospital 

• A sheriffs deputy wbo pulled into 
heavy highway traffic in Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana, to chase a speeder was 
blamed by other drivers for a 13-vehicle 
wreck. “Everybody had to slam on their 
brakes for him,” said one driver. At least 
two people were hurt the pileup. The 
sheriffs department would not comment 
on whether the speeder was caught, ap 


Simpson Pleads Not Guilty in Murder Case 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

LOS ANGELES — The for- 


the United : 


giving away somber, pleaded not guilty to 


how to apply I heard it was Making his first court ap- 
through the lottery, so I bought pearance since his dramatic ar- 
some lottoy uckets. But my rest Friday night, Mr. Simpson 
neighbor said they were just was asked by a judge whether 
tickets to win money. he understood the charges 

At Pronto Fingerprinting, he &g&inst him. 
bought a makeshift visa lottery “Yes," he replied solemnly in 

form and an addressed enve- a crowded courtroom, 
lope for $5. For a $30 fee, he Municipal Court Judge Patti 
could have had a clerk fill out Jo McKay then asked him to 


the form, but he did not. 


enter a plea on charges that he 


I don’t have that kind of murdered Nicole Brown Simp- 

I, »» ko 4C __ J J r 


cash," he said 


son, 35, and Ronald Goldman. 


Clinton mgs In H— Is on Hearth BHI 

WASHINGTON — Trying to block an erosion of 
his health-care package in Congress, President Bill 
Clinton has challenged the nation’s lawmakers to 
pass a bill that would provide health care coverage 
to all Americans. 

"We should- not walk away from this Congress 
without a commitment to cover everyone,” Mr. 
Qriiton said in an interview on NBC television. 

The president spoke a day after Senator Daniel 
Patrick Mm mihan, Democrat of New York and 
chairman of the Finanoe Committee, said there was 
no way that Congress would approve a bill that . 
would guarantee health care for all Americans. Mr. 
Moyninan said it was more likely that Congress 
would enact a scaled-down plan with the potential 
of insurance for everyone within 10 years. 

“It doesn’t have to be done tomorrow," he said. 
“It ought to be phased in over a period of just a few 
years, nut we ought not to walk away without a bill 
that- provides health care to all Americans.” 

Mr. Clinton has made solving the health care 

lyj rtiQT g ^m ^ 37 ' milKon' Americans have no health 
insurance, and Americans most spend a larger 
amount of their income on medical expenses than 
residents of most other developed countries. 


POLITICAL NOTES 


Some measures in Congress envision insuring 91 
percent of Americans. Mr. Clinton said, “I really 
don’t believe it is a solution.” 

Senator Moynihan, whose committee has been 
stalled on health care legislation for weeks, spent 
much of his time in an interview program Sunday 
praising a House bill that would use subsidies and 
market restructuring to expand acxress to health 
insurance. It does not require employers to pay for 
insurance, nor does it promise guaranteed insurance 
to all 

The bill has been widely criticized by the White 
House and its allies in Congress. 

When asked about such a bill, which the Congres- 
sional Budget Office estimates would cover 91 per- 
cent erf Americans, Mr. Moynihan said: “We can do 
better than 91 percent, but 91 percent is not a 
failure. It’s progress. And government is about the 
increments by which you move toward goals you 
desire.” (AP. S YT) 

Ptarey Shows Its Muicle In P,C. 

WASHINGTON — To understand how much 
California matters to the politically precarious Clin- 
ton White House, look no further than the Washing- 
ton premiere of “The Lion King," Disney’s latest 
animated feature. 


Vice President A1 Gore was there, posing for 
photographers with the Disney chief. Michael D. 
Eisner. Deputy Secretary of Slate Strobe Talbou 
attended, along with Laura D’Andrea Tyson, bead 
of the Council of Economic Advisers. 

But what drew the glittering crowd was not just 
the made-for-Disney fairy tale. For Disney, the 
spectacle was a way of demonstrating its own" clout 
just before congressional hearings on its plan to 
build a theme park outside Washington on Civil 
War battlefields. 

No one in the Clinton administration ever forgets 
that California’s 54 electoral votes are critical for the 
president’s future, while Hollywood remains the 
mother lode for politicians seeking campaign 
funds. [LA Ti 

Quote/ Unquote 

Ernesto Samper Pizano, winner of the Colombian 
presidential election, paying tribute to Luis Carlos 
Gal&n, a candidate in the 1990 election who was 
slain by the Medellin cocaine cartel: 

“Your death was the greatest tragedy Colombia 
has lived through. But perhaps it would" be worse if 
that sacrifice was in vain. The ideals of Galan in 
favor of honest and dignified politics and govern- 
ment will be the objectives of my administration." 


25, wbo were stabbed to death 
June 12 outside Mrs. Simpson’s 
Los Angeles home. 

“Not guilty,” he answered. 

A prosecutor later said Mr. 
Simpson was “the sole murder- 
er” and that she expected to 
fully prove the case against him. 

Mr. Simpson, 46, a familiar 
face in films, television and 
commercials, had been housed 
in an isolation cell under “sui- 
cide watch" at the Men’s Cen- 
tral Jail since his arrest Friday. 
He appeared tired and de- 
pressed at his court appearance. 

His lawyer, Robert Shapiro, 
leaned over and rubbed Mr. 
Simpson’s left shoulder in a 
show of encouragement at one 
point during the 10-minute 
hearing. 

Mr. Shapiro asked that his 
forensics team be given access 
to all the evidence and autopsy 
results from the case, and Dep- 
uty District Attorney Marcia 


Although she would not com- and said, T wish I could spend 
ment on specific evidence. Miss Father’s Day with my chil- 
Clark added, “We do expect dren,’ ” Mr. Shapiro said. 


fully to prove premeditation.” 

Prosecutors had not yet de- 
rided whether to file charges 
against Mr. Cowlings for his 


oren, Mr. Shapiro said. 

Mr. Simpson has a daughter, 
9, and a son, 6, from his mar- 
riage to Nicole Brown Simpson; 
he has other children by a previ- 


role in. helping Mr. Simpson flee ous marriage. (AP t Reuters) 
on Friday. Mr. Cowlings is free 

on $250,000 bail 1 1 


on $250,000 bail 

At the news conference Mon- 
day, David Conn, another pros- 
ecutor, said Mr. Simpson’s 
flight could be used “to show 
consciousness of guilt," 

The charges against Mr. 
Simpson include a special cir- 
cumstance of multiple murder, 
meaning he could face execu- 


meaning he could face execu- 
tion if convicted. Prosecutors 
have not said whether they 
would seek the death penalty. 

Earlier, Los Angeles Coun- 


ty’s top prosecutor, District At- 
torney Gil Garcetti, said Mr. 


uty District Attorney Marcia Simp ^ n may gveamally con- 

^^thekiLgsaSd^i 
10 share the. information. gue in court that he was not 

Judge McKay set a prelum- SmtSfar hi S 


nary hearing for June 30, 

Mr. Simpson was charged on 
Friday. But instead erf surren- 
dering as promised, be fled to- 
gether with a childhood friend 
and former football teammate, 
A1 Cowlings, and led the police 
on a 90-minute chase that was 
televised nationwide before be- 
ing arrested outside his man- 
sion in the Brentwood section 
of Los Angeles. 

In a news conference after 
the hearing. Miss Dark said in- 
vestigators believed Mr. Simp- 
son acted alone. 

"He is the sole murderer," 
she said, adding that there were 
no current plans to charge any- 
one else. 

In response to a question on a 
possible plea bargain, she said: 
'There is no reason to consider 
that at this time. None whatso- 


gue in court that he was not 
responsible for his actions. 

“We’ve seen it in Menendez,” 
Mr. Garcetti told ABC News. 
“It’s going to be a likely defense 
here, I believe, once the evi- 
dence is reviewed by the law- 
yers." 

He was referring to Erik and 
Lyle Menendez, Los Angeles 
brothers who admitted to hav- 
ing killed their millionaire par- 
ents but said they feared for 
their lives after years of sexual 
and psychological abuse. Their 
first trials ended earlier this 
year with hung juries. 

Mr. Shapiro said Sunday that 
his client was “depressed and 
sad." 

“I spoke with OJ. this morn- 
ing and be wished me a happy 
Father’s Day and asked me to 
spend the morning with my two 
boys." Mr. Shapiro said. 

"And then he started to cry 


Murder Case 
Is a 'Tragedy 
Clinton Says 

Return 

WASHINGTON — 
President Bill Clinton said 
Monday that the murder 
case involving O. J. Simp- 
son was a “genuine trage- 
dy.” 

“In some ways, it’s a sto- 
ry as old as time and in 
some ways it’s a modem 
story," Mr. Clinton said in | 
an NBC interview. 

The president said it was 
sad “that two people were 
killed, children were 
robbed of a mother, fam- 
ilies lost loved ones and a 
man widely admiral in this 
country is now caught in 
the web of a terrible trage- 
dy." 

He also implied that be 
bad joined millions of other 
Americans on Friday night 
watching live television 
coverage of a police pursuit 
of Mr. Simpson. 

“I have to say after we all 
watched it in excruciating 
detail last weekend; the 
time has now come for the 
legal process lo take its 
course,” Mr. Clinton said. 

“I think the less the rest of 
us say from now on. until 
the legal process takes its 
course, the better.” 


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Page 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY* JUNE 21, 1994 


4 Hopefui Signs 9 on North Korea 

But Clinton Says It Must Freeze Atomic Work 


Mitterrand , Rocard and Sod 


Canpilcd hi Our Staff F rorr. fh\pau\- 

WASHINGTON — President Bil 1 Clinton 
said Monday that he found “hopeful signs" in 
former President Jimmy Carter's talks 'Aiih 
North Korea, but he said the Communist regime 
must freeze its nuclear program as promised. 

“We will evaluate words in terms of actions." 
he said in his first public comment on the situa- 
tion since Mr. Carter briefed the administration 
on his talks with North Korean officials last 
weekl 

Mr. Clinton said administration officials were 


Mr. Carter relumed with a series of proposals 
■'rom the North Korean president, including a 
urastic reduction in troops on the Korean Penin- 
sula and removal of weapons along the demilita- 
rized zone. 

A senior administration official, speaking on 
condition of anonymity, said Mr. Carter’s trip 
left the White House operating on two tracks: 
continuing its push toward sanctions in the Unit- 
ed Nations, and trying to confirm North Korea's 
resolve to keep its promises, most importantly 
the pledge to freeze its nuclear program and 


trying to confirm North Korea's willingness to allow international inspectors to stay. 


keep its promises to Mr. Carter, including freez- 
ing its nuclear program, allowing international 
inspectors to continue their work in nuclear 
facilities and holding a meeting between Presi- 
dent Kim II Sung and his South Korean counter- 
part, Kim Young Sam. 

“We have to know there has been a change.” 
Mr. Clinton said. 

In Seoul, South Korean officials appealed to 
North Korea for talks next week to discuss plans 
for the summit meeting. Prime Minister Lee 
Yung Dug called for a preparatory meeting on 
June 28 at the village of Panmimjom on the 
heavily fortified North-South border. 

The Clinton administration has refused to 
open a third round of talks with North Korea 
until the country meets Mr. Clinton's demands 
io continue to allow inspection of facilities that 
could be used to produce material for nuclear 
weapons. 

U.S. officials are discussing plans for sanc- 
tions a gain st North Korea if its nuclear program 
is not curtailed. 

Mr. Carter, who bad said he feared that Mr. 
Clinton’s push toward sanctions would lead to 
war. briefed While House officials Sunday on his 
trip. He declared afterward. “The crisis is over." 

But administration officials were much less 
optimistic. 

“There may be an opening here." Assistant 
Secretary of State Robert L. Gallucci. the Slate 
Department’s lead official on North Korea, said 
Sunday. 

“There’s much that could be there." he said. 
“The issue again is io determine i/ it is there." 


Other officials and observers disagreed with 
Mr. Carter’s assessment that the crisis was over. 

“The crisis is going to keep coming for weeks." 
Representative Lee H. Hamilton. Democrat of 
Indiana and chairman of the House Foreign 
Affairs Committee, said in a television interview. 
But he said Mr. Carter’s trip fostered a “stepping 
back from the escalation of tensions." 

Lawrence S. Eagleburger, a secretary of state 
during the Bush administration, chided Mr. Car- 
ter in a television interview, saying ihe United 
Suues could not afford to look weak now. 

U I really wish he'd stayed home," he said. 

Mr. Eagleburger said he was “horrified" io 
hear Mr. Carter “taking the word of this murder- 
er who runs North Korea." 

The senior Clinton administration official said 
Mr. Carter’s detailed briefing gave some Clinton 
aides cause for optimism — or at least there was 
less skepticism than before. 

“But North Korea should not be mistaken." 
the official said. “We're still dead serious about 
this." 

In another potential concession. Mr. Carter 
quoted Mr. Kim as calling for an agreement io 
remove weapons from both sides of the demilita- 
rized zone and allow inspections of the equip- 
ment to ease fear of an invasion. 

Tensions remained high on the peninsula on 
Monday. North Korea accused the South of 
making “reckless military provocations" by- 
sending 300 troops inside the demilitarized zone. 

South Korea's Defense Ministry called the 
charge propaganda. (AP. Reuter* \ 


3y William Drozdiak 

U at/rtiTc.Vin Post Strike 

PARIS ■— He is known to friends 
and foes alike as the Sphinx because 
of his mysterious political motives, 
ones that can be so arcane and convo- 
luted that at limes he seems to outfox 
himself. 

Yet. of all the enigmas that sur- 
round Francois Mitterrand as he en- 
ters the Iasi year of his 14-vear presi- 
dency. perhaps none is so baffling as 
his role in the destruction of the So- 
cialist Party, which he had built into 
the country’s strongest political force. 

In the eyes of many party members. 
Mr. Mitterrand has fomented the frat- 
ricide that is tearing apart one of Eu- 
rope’s most influential leftist parties. 

“People have been unjust in saying 
Mitterrand will leave the party in the 
slate he found it.” Pierre Guidoni. a 
leading party thinker, remarked with 
biting sarcasm. “That's wrong. When 
Mitterrand leaves, there will no longer 
be any Socialist Party." 

The latest coup io Mr. Mitterrand's 
scorched-earth policy toward his own 
party came when his loyalists succeed- 
ed in" hounding out former Prime Min- 
ister Michel Rocard as their leader 
and standard bearer in next year’s 
presidential race. 


Mr. Rocard resigned after failing to 
obtain a vote of confidence Sunday, a 
week after the Socialists went down to 
their worst electoral drubbing in de- 
cades by capturing only 14.5 percent 
of the vote is European parliamentary 
elections. 

According to dose aides. Mr. Mit- 
terrand never believed that Mr. Ro- 


seareely conceal their 'anger Kg**# 

Mr. Mitterrand. They v,ew bis efforts - 

as rooted is personal pique, rate $&&&$£ 

than disagreement over the future . jSSk Ta* teHkdv 
course of France. ... date in next [May's 

“Mitterrand never could have been ■ ^ - 

elected president without Micoeis >yiriie srapioocs- 
help,” sad a dose Rocard associate, which- 

“Ever since. Mitterrand has tried to 


card possessed the virion to sustain sabotage him at every 
France’s power and influence into the him as prime' minister when he b£- 
, . came too popular, and he s aone^ev- 

NEW5 ANALYSIS 


• c:m isnag . 

is said to adroire- his Ic^M^t^ 
lions about thfe jreod tobmm 


erything pbssf 
ship of- the p 


able xo erode his leader- 
party.” . ; . ; . 


21st century, especially now that Ger- In the view of many analysts, it to 

many is emerging as the Continent’s Mr. Mitterrand's encpuragjHDem or- 
do minan t power. Bernard Tapie. the Maraetfie' 

The decline of the SociaBsis goes far tgnKd pefoca n. 
bevond doubts about Mr. RocartTs date n J 

personality. They ate still suffering at siphoned votes from the S0CUlis» 
the polls from the stain of corruption Mr.. Mitterrand s frequent, praise 
and high unemployment that deprived for Tapie as a fresh and vigorous ■ P®r 
them of a parliamentary majority, sonality who could revive the left nas 

* « AnnallMl WllO STC 


umteo Europe yi* ^ 
Pretnch-Gercoanpi 

From.what-CTje 




forcing a second “cohabitation” be- 
tween Mr. Mitterrand and a rightist 
prime minis ter. And like other leftist 
parties across Europe, they have fafled 
to concoct a new message that could 
appeal to voters in the posl-Cdd War 
era. 

But as an embittered Mr. Rocard 
prepared to abandon the political 
stage and two decades of presidential 
ambitions, he and his advisers could 


Mr. Mitterrand's encouragement - toayf Mr. Mittexiano. 

Bernard Tapie. the Marseille- tycoop obsorihg&e dkahua 

turned politician, to nmandtemanve , ^ ^ ^ rira3s, 5uch as the 
date in the European ejections Qua i »«d^ Tamte€aaracjgrfoM 
siphoned votes from the Socialists. ymn {HstardffBsagq 

Mr.. Mitterrand’s frequent, praise kicked with. Frinie h^^;; 
for Tapie as a fresh and vigorous per- Jdtoddr for jjmwc 
sonality who could revive the left has . .quest toVrtjpSesaal: 
appalled many Socialists, who are go vet nmentm next yess-s pre 
troubled by Mr. Tapie’s populist dem- «*■&-. 

agogy and i"* rougJi-aad-tninWe bus- • oissficcupDEj^ 

ness methods, which have subjected among all votetsiwi &Tran6i '* 
him to fraud charges. . cal estabfishmgtL ^many.;^ 

In the past, Mr. Mitterrand showed tors find thafJifc J^ig^g 
a distinct preference for Laurent Fafoi- pm^ysc may^ be' ^ O^ 
us as his heir apparent. He appointed passing ring s down ing tariff 
Mr. Fabins as France's youngest postwar StmchirO ot iK?ga?8 
prime minister 10 years ago. j atroch ed by fris ! 

More recently, Mr. Mitterrand has. General Charles fev Vrahfflfr ' 


cal ^ taMjghre^ L inany . ftm 

tore End thatMr. M6 iterra^^ 
purpose may'- be/td 


General 


lias 

iafrte 


mm- 


PLAN? f Final 9 Push at Naples for Bosnia Settlement BLAGKj Mossfest^ 

Continued from Page 1 force, killin g or evicting the even under Russian pressure — Continued from Page 1 ■ l&blishes 

_ . . x , , Muslim population. to give up foil control of what ___ m artliiitf 

iheir map in ume for the Naples . .. . rhev regard as vital alies. stze. Since tne ivms, cnotera Gectfiaa. 

summit and before intense Among such towns to which The second is that the cutTent outbreaks have become routine, -gjoianaajj 
fiahiine aaain enrols. Serbs and Muslims make ajual- M ^ ^ Ozren because sewage rreatment ,-gSte. 

area of Bosnia, undertaken de- P 1 ^ ** aUn “ t 
spite the truce signed earlier Beaches througtol iher^ro. 
r- , ■_ o the on h/ warm- water vacation 


SUMMER: As Davs Linger . Can Japan Lighten Up? 

Continued from Page 1 and a member of an advisory overseas travel, most remai 


traditional social patterns per- 
sist. enough so that many argue 
that samaalaimu would only 
boomerang. 

“We're trying to impose free 
use of time on a people who 
don’t have, and Teally do not 
want, free use of their time, be- 
cause their time is so strictly 
controlled by the social envi- 
ronment." said Gregory Clark, 
a professor of Japanese studies 
at Sophia University in Tokyo. 


and a member of an advisory 
panel (hat will recommend in- 
troducing summer lime in a re- 
port on July 1. “Instead of in- 
creasing leisure, you could 
reduce it. because in Japan lei- 
sure normally takes place dur- 
ing darkness." 

To raise support, the Trade 


overseas travel, most remain 
unfamiliar, even suspicious, of 
the concepL 

A survey conducted last sum- 
mer by the government-affiliat- 
ed Leisure Research and Devel- 
opment Center found that only 
23 percent of respondents knew 
what daylight time meant. 


Ministry has been t alkin g to the Some 1 8 percent favored adop- 
press and co-sponsoring sym- lion, nearly twice the number 


posiums with newspapers out- 
side Tokyo. Yet. despite a 
growing number of young Japa- 
nese acquainted with the joys of 
long summer days through 


opposed. But about one-third 
said they were in favor only 
with conditions, the most prom- 
inent being that it not lead to 
longer woriting hours. 


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Continued from Page 1 force, falling or evicting the 

, . . . , . v. . Muslim population, 

ihcir map in ume for the Naples . . . 

summit and before intense Among such towns to which 
fighting again erupts. Serbs and Muslims make equal- 

t _i j ” \ i lv claims are Prijedor. Banja 
Indeed M, Redman has al- ^uka. Brcko, Zvomik, \Tasen- 

ready asked Vuushi Akashj. ica and Viscgrad. The Serbs say 

ihe top lN officiaj in the for- ± ^ relinquish them, 

mer ^ ugoslavna. to in- to nego- ^ Mlislims ^ ^ wffl not 
uate an extension of the lenu- ^ ve ^ Qsh t until they can 
ous monthlong Bosnian cease- % lVTU \ Q thdr homes there, 
fire thai went ir.io effect on 

June 10. Relative calm on the For several weeks. Mr. Red- 
battlefield is wide! - - regarded as man and other members of the 
an essential backdrop to anv contact group worked with the 
political settlement. ’ idea of finessing this problem 

Under the lerms of the pre^ ““Wishing UN adminiiUn- 
posed map. no« nearing <£m- 2°“ “ C SS: 

pielion. Serb?, who hold about ^ n 2. 

iZ percent of Bosnian territory. ab “ d '™“ L » 
would have tr. reduce that share 11 J 1 ^ P uts 

to about 49 percent. They have problem, 
said they might accept this, but Instead, the idea is to trace 
only on the condition that the border between the Muslim- 
“quantity" is compensated for Croatian federation and the 
bv “quaJitv." Serbs in such a wav as it runs 

•Quality" refers to towns, through .several of ‘these dti«. 
and specificallv to towns in so Grinding ten belwwi the 
rortherr, and eastern Bosnia communities. Think of nas a 
that the Serbs have seized bv senes of little Nicosias. said 

one official, referring to the di- 
[ vided capital of Cyprus. 

Several difficulties remain 
with the plan. The first is that 
the Serbs appear unprepared — 

15th, BALARD. AV9«E FBA FAIJRt 

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T«r (l! « j 5? 2° (cm mac^nel a 
cR:? *5 ;•* V V Mr P.-rt 


nfflri 


this month in Geneva, suggests 
the government is stiB a long 
way from believing that diplo- 


the onlv warm-water vacation-' 
area in the former Soviet -. 
Union, arc regularly shot by 


foul-smeliing poltution and saf- 


macy can secure its lemionai 
demands. 

The third is that a danger 
exists that the unity between the 
United States and Rusria could 


locating blooms of harmf ul air-;, cu^jj 
face algae and other phyto- 
plankton. One such. . bloom - V^CB* 4 
killed an estimated 50 percent 
of bottom-feeding fish along 




urmTmdrRi 

wiJIfoti'i 


fra y in thee,™ that o ? eof the 

T»arti« tn Rrtwna rwprtK - . . j . ‘jtaLirr: 


of trade sanctions on the So-bs Rada Mihnea, a biologist at the m^OFpKgects, « 7 ti^focfe)B 
would be a very hard decision Romanian Marine Research In- --gaa ii£-Fe&niaiy 
for the Clinton administration 5 titute there. - - . t erminal near _ Odessa :K . 

to make. The U.S. government A ins t a plan any 

the'urtitrf Nations 

party m the ^ ^ Bank began late we don’t iWjaiSSI 
conflict. last year to tie together various more,” said Yaieri Mikhaifc<^ 


^ tra * tionai projects aimed at raring the tfinxatM: of IheXllammaa Sae^J 
ghes of the Russians, say no, ^ ck ^ tific Center of Marine E^g?: 

Prestdent \ eltan would have ^ Icd by a British marine bi- in Odessa, which shook? 
great political difficulty xn ac- Q , Mee, the En- 

ceptmg a lifting of the anns y ^S aital Management and " min^op<m.liesaid^wiilTOji^ 
onbargo on Bosma, a decision Protec(ion ?£££**■■**■ 

^ Black Sea has a three-year bud- The econonnh coflapse of the . 
zyrev recentiv descitei as a ofjusi S 25 million to coordi- Blati Sea countries aJso has; 

recipe ior a third world war. ^ te research and identify ur- gutted researdi into Ite sea's 


gent cleanup efforts. 

Significantly, the project has 
avoided the criticism of other 
rograms backed bythe Global 


problems. Earlier Jhis inbafit, 


: the^.ohbc^nud£^r.'.-So^ei- 
BiaCfc Sea researdi fteet ^were 

ter- 


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JNTjERNAlTONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1994 


France’s Allies Seem Wary of Rwanda Troop Role 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches ... ■*■ 


Page 5 




'%? 


-->S 






v*„*. 




Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

BRUSSELS — France is unlikely to 
win troop commitments from European 
allies for a risky mission it plans to stop 
ethnic massacres in Rwanda, diplomats 
said Monday. 

Representatives at the nine-nation 
Western European Union defense group 
met in Brussels on Tuesday to consider 
the French plan. A similar meeting Fri- 
day failed to produce pledges to send 
troops. 

While some have offered financial or 
logistical support, none seemed willing 
to offer forces for a mission that could 
involve combat in a distant country 
where they have no major interests, dip- 
lomats said. 


I would be very surprised if anyone 
else joins the French in what will be a 
very dangerous mission,” a diplomat re- 
marked. 

/Mch bishop Desmond Tutu of South 
Africa asserted Monday that French 
troops would not be effective as peace- 
keepers in Rwanda. He called for Afri- 
can forces to help end the carnage. The 
archbishop is in Brussels on a two-day 
visiL 

France has been negotiating for Unit- 
ed Nations approval to send up to 2,000 
troops. 

Foreign Minister Alain Juppe, who 
returned late Sunday from a tnp to seek 
support among former African colonies, 
said the intervention would be “strictly 


humanitarian.” The reaction of African 
countries had been “unanimously favor- 
able,” be added. 


At the United Nations, France gave 
members of the Security Council a draft 
resolution calling for intervention. 

Mr. Juppe said he hoped that the 
resolution would be adopted no later 
than Wednesday. 

In Kigali, the Rwandan capital, chil- 
dren screaming in agony were evacuated 
by United nations forces across battle 
lines Monday after another night of 
heavy shelling by rebels advancing on 
re main i ng government positions. 

About 150 victims of three days of 
shelling, including about 30 orphans. 


were evacuated from the main Red 
Cross hospital in the city center to the 
sector controlled by the' rebel Rwanda 
Patriotic Front. 




“We have to try and make some space 
here, it’s just overflowing. We have bad 
so many casualties come in over the last 
few days,” said an American doctor. 
John Sun din. 

He said 500 to 600 new casualties had 
strained the makeshift hospital’s re- 
sources to the breaking point. 

“There was a lot of fighting but there 
hasn’t been a significant change in terri- 
tory,” according to the military spokes- 
man of the UN mission in Rwanda. 
Major Jean-Guy Plante. (Reuters. NYT) 


WM 


AFRICA: Once Again, Outside Posners Are Playing Important Roles in Former Colonies 

ChiYr^mied fmm Paw 1 vestment and rive Tarmprc anrl » , - - 




»*■ 


>00 


V 


Is#*' 


Frramdo LhnVTfcr AvocUud Pm» 

i as Colombia’s president. 


Continued from Page I 

national product of all coun- 
tries south of the Sahara — a 
swath of the globe that is home 
to almost 600 million people — 
was about the same as the gross 
national product of Belgium, 
with a population of 10 million. 

Eighteen of the world's 2p 
poorest countries are African, 
and 30 of the poorest 40. They 
are getting poorer still. Per capi- 
ta GNP declined bv 2 percent a 
year throughout the 1980s. 

Their debt, tripled since 
1980, now amounts to more 
than SI 80 billion. The debt bur- 
den — caused by borrowing to 
keep budgets afloat and to pay 
for imports — is so gigantic 


Liberal Wins Colombia Presidency 

Victor Was Once a Target of Drug-Related Shooting 


(amounting to 110 percent of 
GNP in 1991) ' 


Reuters 

BOGOTA — Ernesto Samper Pizano, an 
economist who wants to slow the jcace of 
economic reform, has won a narrow victory in 
Colombia's presidential race. 

Mr.. Samper's Conservative Party rival, 
Andres Pastrana Arango, conceded defeat 
shortly after official results gave the govern- 
ing liberal Party’s candidate 503 percent of 
the vote to 48.6 percent, with 98 percent of 
polling stations reporting. 

Minutes later, Mr. Samper and his vice 
presidential candidate. Humberto De La 
Calle, addressed cheering suppo rt ers at a par- 
ty in a Bogota convention center. 

“We stand before an open window of op- 
portunity which we will take advantage erf 
with die help of everyone for the benefit of 
everyone,” Mr. Samper said “This is not a 
triumph of Ernesto Samper; it is a triumph of 
all of you." . 

Mr. Samper, 43, was once a victim of Co- 
lombia's drug-related violence — he still car- 
ries bullets in his body from a 1989 assassina - 
tion attempt— but based his campaign on the 


need to create jobs and revive the ailing farm- 
ing sector rather than on drug or security 
issues. 

Colombia’s last presidential elections, in 
1990, took place during a bloodbath un- 
leashed by drug traffickers. But after police in 
December killed the architect of much of the 
mayhem, the Medellin cocaine king Pablo 
Escobar Gaviria, the country has been rela- 
tively calm. 

Despite fears of Marxist guerrilla disrup- 
tion, officials said the elections were peaceful, 
with only minor incidents of rebel obstruction 
reported in remote rural areas. 

Fears that abstention might exceed the 65.8 
percent recorded in the inconclusive first 
round of the elections May 29 proved un- 
founded. Nearly 1.7 million more voters 
turned out Sunday, cutting the abstention 
rate to a more traditional 56 percent. 

Voters appeared to have heeded calls by the 
popular outgoing president, Cesar Gaviria 
TrujaHo, to do their democratic duty and vote. 
Mr. Gaviria is barred by the constitution 
from seeking re-election. 


. that virtually no 
one thinks it can be repaid. 

Africa's share of world trade 
has fallen below 4 percent and 
is now closer to 2 percent. That 
is so marginal it is almost as if 
the continent has curled up and 
disappeared from the map of 
international shipping lanes 
and airline routes that rope to- 
gether Europe, North America 
and the booming Far East. 

Direct foreign investment in 
Africa is so paltry it is not even 
measured in the latest World 
Bank study. 

Despite the evident need for 
resuscitation, the role of the 
IMF and World Bank is contro- 
versial, as might be expected. 
The “medicine” they dole out 
means currency devaluations, 
slashing government payrolls 
and cutbacks on subsidies, even 
for food. The burden of the long 
climb back falls mainl y on the 
poor, though experts "contend 
that in the long run the poor 
will benefit when the economies 
improve. 

A main object of the program 
is to reduce inflation to improve 
the balance of trade, attract in- 


vestment and give farmers anrf 
entrepreneurs incentives to 
grow produce and mak e prod- 
ucts. In the short run, this 
means lower wages and rising 
unemployment, but these are 
necessary evils to achieve real 
growth, most economists and 
experts say. 

There are dissidents. Kevin 
Watkins, senior policy adviser 
for Oxfam, the British relief 
agency, attacked the bank and 
the IMF two months ago in an 
article in The New States man. 
He argued that structural ad- 
justment and its “preoccupa- 
tion” with monetary discipline 
was failing to generate recovery 
in Africa and instead was sim- 
ply imposing unbearable social 
costs on the poor. 

Bank officials point to Gha- 
na as a laboratory for their poli- 
cies. Under the sway of its char- 
i smat ic leader, Jerry Rawlings, 
who hung up his flight lieuten- 
ant’s uniform and easily got 
himself elected president two 
years ago, Ghana subscribes to 
the new orthodoxy more than 
any other country. 

Now, its streets are congested 
with traffic, its balance of trade 
figures are improving, its stock 
markeL is bubbling along and 
attracting foreign investors. 

The famous 100-year-old 
Ashanti Goldfields are a case in 
point. Two decades ago the 
company and the mines were in 
a slump. Now, after careful 
management, outside invest- 
ment and major refurb ishing, 
gold production has tripled 
since 1986. surpassing cocoa as 
the chief export earner. 

The company was just priva- 
tized, with the government sell- 
ing half of its 55 per cent owner- 
ship — a controversial move 
delayed by a lawsuit on the 
grounds that too much was be- 
ing given over to foreigners. 
Leaders such as President 


Daniel arap Moi in Kenya, 
publicly rail against the IMF 
and the bank — “We cannot 
continue swallowing their 
medicine all the tune,” he thun- 
dered several weeks ago — 
while privately caving in to 
their terms. Every day, Afri can*; 
from taxi drivers to school- 
teachers argue knowledgeably 
— and heatedly — about the 
bank's stand in forcing a cur- 
rency devaluation or abolishing 
the com marketing board. 

“I think of the World Bank as 
scone kind of monster,” said 
Monique Qboudo, a 27-year- 
old lawyer, writer and ardent 
feminist, sipping a drink in the 
parched shade of a baobab tree 
in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. 
“It sits on top of Africa like an 
octopus, sucking us dry. It nev- 
er looks to see the effects on the 
lives of the people. It treats us 
like numbers, economic 
agents." 

Others defend the h ank as a 
necessary evil, something to 
shoulder the blame for deci- 
sions too painful for the govern- 
ments to make themselves. It is 
at least a lifeline, they say. 

“Yes, at times you feel you 
are giving away your sovereign- 
ty and your independence," 
said Tsatsu Tsikata, chairman 
of the Ghana National Petro- 
leum Carp., as he sat on a hotel 
balcony wi thin earshot of six- 
foot-high waves crashing down 
on the Gold Coast. 

“You wonder if it's not going 
too far,” he said, “especially 
when some of their staff t ^ke on 
this patronizing approach to 
Africa — the impression that 
we can’t get our act together 
and that they have to step in 
and set everything right. So it’s 
easy to denounce the bank. 

“Even the right-wing opposi- 
tion does it But that kind of 
jingoism doesn't work in our 
situation when you’re desperate 


and you need external re 
sources. We have to live in the 
real world." 

And yet, despite its despera- 
tion, Africa has great riches. It 
has the gushing oil fields of Ni- 
geria, the thick v eins of copper 
of Zambia, diamonds that are 
carried down the rivers of An- 
gola to settle in the seabed. 
Most of all, it has the world's 
largest reserve of arable land — 
almost 23 billion acres, a fifth 
of which is cultivated. 

How to reconcile the utopian 
potential with the hard realities 
of declining growth is the obses- 
sion of almost every African 
government and the preoccupa- 
tion of the World B ank and the 
IMF. The reasons cited for fail- 
ure are many and endlessly de- 
bated, ranging from corruption 
and mismanagement to built-in 
trade inequities, a legacy of co- 
lonial relationships. 

But the challenge is* vexing 
because other Third World 
countries manage to achieve 
growth. In 1965 Indonesia’s per 
capita GNP was lower than Ni- 
geria’s and today it is three 
times higher. Virtually no strat- 
egy adopted by any African 
country — whether encourag- 
ing foreign companies or taking 
over their assets, whether trying 
to force industrialization or re- 
lying mainly on agriculture — 
has succeeded. 

Until now. 

In a report published in 
March, the most comprehensive 
one on Africa it has yet pro- 
duced, the World Bank suggest- 
ed that not all was hopeless. It 
studied 29 countries, dividing 
them into those that more or 
less faithfully carried out aus- 
terity measures and economic 
reforms and those that (bagged 
their feet 

It concluded that the high 
performers were beginning to 


see modest growth. It put Gha- 
na at the head of a list of six 
conn tries that it said were grad- 
ually rolling back the red ink 
through their IMF-inspired 
economic policies. The others 
were Tanzania, Gambia, Bur- 
kina Faso, Nigeria and Zimba- 
bwe (though Nigeria's military 
government has since aban- 
doned the prpgram). 

_ The World Bank report cau- 
tioned not to expect miracles. 
Even if Ghana manages to keep 
going — squeezing out a per 
capita growth rate of about 2 
percent a year — then “the av- 
erage Ghanaian win not cross 
the poverty line for another 50 
years,” it said. 

Ghana’s role as star pupil 
seems fitting For Ghana began 
black Africa's postwar adven- 
ture in independence under the 
iration of Kwame Nkru- 
in 19S7, and since then has 
seen just about everything. 

There have been five coups, 
some bloodless and some 
bloody. There have been three 
tries at civilian rule. There were 
those initial years of big-time 
spending, when the Nkrumah 
government went through S48I 
million to erect grand projects 
and grandiose monuments. 

In 1983, Ghana adopted a 
structural adjustment plan. Its 


terms were topically severe: de- 


valuation of the' hopelessly 
overvalued cedi, privatization 
of most of the 300 state-owned 
industries, a lifting of restric- 
tions such as import licenses to 
lure foreign investors and open 
up trade, abolition of agricul- 
tural marketing boards so that 
farmers could get better prices 
for their produce, and large- 
scale layoffs of stale employees. 

Ghana has more or less stuck 
to the plan. From 1988 to 1992 


its economy grew by 4 or 5 
tuaBy. 


percent anni 









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PL HUSH U» Hint THf NKW tllRK TIMW- \M1 nil. tt VNIIIM.Tf J.\ WlST 


An Anti-Inflation Foghorn 


No, the bond market is not running 
America. The accusations suggest a great 
malevolent presence in New York that is 
bullying Washington politicians into 
abandoning their hopes and aspirations 
for the country. The reality is less spec- 
tacular The bond market is a sensitive 
indicator of opinion about future infla- 
tion, and politicians pay attention to it 
because they know that the voters don't 
like inflation. The investors and specula- 
tors who make up the market are differ- 
ent from the rest of the population in 
many respects — more obsessive, more 
nervous, more attentive — but inflation 
affects election returns nationwide. That 
is why elected officials, although they 


grumble, allow the bureaucrats at the 
Federal Reserve Board to apply the 
brakes when prices accelerate upward. 

Inflation is, at the moment well be- 
haved. The country is in the fourth year 
or inflation rates in the range of 3 percent 
a year or less — the best record of price 
stability in nearly 30 years — and the 
figures for May, appearing last week, show 
that this good behavior continues. So why 
worry? Because this stability reflects, 
among other things, low growth and reces- 
sions in recent years in all three of the big 

industrial economies — America's. Ja- 
pan's and Germany’s. With the resump- 
tion of solid growth in the United Slates 
and the prospect of improvement abroad, 
there are signs of price trouble ahead. The 
price of oD has begun to move upward. 


Carter in North Korea 


That was an astonishing trip that Jimmy 
Carter made to North Korea. He went in 
on his status as a former American presi- 
dent but conducted himself as an above- 
the-fray mediator trying to keep two heed- 
less parlies from going over the brink to 
war. Or perhaps only one heedless party: 
the United States. Mr. Carter seems to 
take at face value much of the stated 
position of North Korea and its “Great 
Leader," dictator, aggressor and terrorist 
Kim fl Sung, whom he found a rather 
reasonable and pleasant fellow. 

At one point he appeared to be com- 
mitting the U.S. government to a no- 
sanctions policy. The resulting uproar 
produced assertions that he was not 
speaking for the United States at ail. But 
he kept on repeating his view that sanc- 
tions are wrong: wTong not because they 
would inflict economic pain — the Kore- 
ans could bear up fine, Mr. Carter be- 
lieves — but because they embody an 
insult to Kim II Sung so offensive that 
they would provoke him to war. and 
wrong because North Korea has done 
nothing proven in its nuclear develop- 
ment to warrant being stigmatized as an 
outlaw nation. So much for anyone else's 
concern that North Korea is a chronic 
cheater on its anti-proliferation vows. 


Mexico Faces Reality 


Americans who criticized Mexico's one- 
sided campaigns and improbable vote 
counts used to be answered with boasts 
about the "stability" brought by 65 years 
of one-party rule. No mote. The last six 
months show how superficial that stability 
was. The ruling Institutional Revolution- 
ary Party, or PR1. has been jolted by an 
armed peasant revolt. stiD unresolved, the 
assassination of its presidential candidate, 
still unexplained, and seismic internal 
rifts, still producing aftershocks. But with 
Mexico's least predictable presidential 
election of modern times just two months 
away, Mexicans have a chance to move 
toward real democracy. 

Some polls now show Diego Fernan- 
dez de Cevallos of the opposition Nation- 
al Action Party running almost even with 
the PRI candidate, Ernesto Zedillo Ponce 
de Leon. Mr. Fernandez’s campaign 
caught fire last month afier Mexico's first 
televised presidential debate. 

President Carlos Salinas de Gonari. 
although he sponsored bold economic 
reforms, showed little interest in opening 
up the political system. But widespread 
public sympathy for the Indian revolt in 
January abniptly changed his mind. He 
and the PR] then negotiated limited but 
significant reforms with opposition par- 
ties, providing for more evenhanded elec- 
toral monitors and diluting the PRI's 
overwhelming advantages in campaign 
finance and media access. 

Then, just as Congress was approving 
these reforms, the PRI candidate whom 
Mr. Salinas had handpicked, Luis Don- 
aldo Colosio Murrieta, was gunned down 
at a campaign rally. The search for a new 
candidate further fractured a divided PRI. 
Investigators first attributed the assassina- 
tion to a lone gunman, then blamed a 
conspiracy, and then returned to the lone 
gunman version. It seems unlikely that the 


ish [hat some faction of the ruling party 
itself was involved in the murder. 

Recently, leaders of the peasant revolt 
announced that their members had reject- 
ed a government peace plan that offered 
major economic and social concessions 
but refused to address the rebels' demands 
for a more democratic political system. 
That rejection could erode support for the 
rebels in desperate Indian communities 
and among urban sympathizers. But it 
could also focus useful pressure on the 
issue of clean elections. The government's 
chief peace negotiator. Manuel Camacho 
Solis, resigned Tast Thursday, Wasting Mr. 
Zedillo and promising to devote himself to 
assuring electoral honesty. 

Democrats have reason to be extreme- 
ly uncomfortable with this year's political 
violence. Armed guerrillas and political 
assassins represent the opposite of free 
popular choice. The best answers to such 
self-appointed political saviors are genuine 
pluralism and clean elections. By holding a 
free and fair presidential election on Aug. 
21, Mexicans can redeem a troubled year. 


— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Other Comment 


Dream Team’ Times 143 


probe can produce a convincing case be- 
fore the election. In the void, rumors flour- 


Think of the excitement generated by 
the "dream team" representing the United 
Stales in basketball in the 1992 Olympics. 
Then imagine 143 countries fielding dream 
teams. And imagine an intensely competi- 
tive tournament in which at least half a 
dozen teams have a good chance or win- 
ning. Finally, imagine that nearly every- 
thing stops in countries around the world 
as people watch Lhe games. That gives you 
some idea of what soccer's World Cup 
means — outside the United States. 

— The Baltimore Sun. 



International Herald Tribune 

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RICHARD McCLEAN, Publisher A Chief Executin' 

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• Walter wells, au « ■ Samuel abt. Katherine knorr and 

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Everybody Is Armed, but 




Once prices begin to accelerate, it is 
difficult and painful to slow them down. 
You don't have to go back to the 1970s 
for examples. When inflation picked up 
in 1988. the Federal Reserve raised inter- 
est rates to restrain iL The economy fell 
into a recession, and George Bush was a 
one-term president. You can assume that 
the Bush example has not been forgotten 
by his successor at the White House. 

The Clinton economic plan has worked 
almost too well for comfort. He came into 
office knowing that his spending would be 
tightly constrained by his predecessors' big 
deficits and the continuing pressure of 
rising medical care costs. His response was 
to emphasize deficit cuts and look to a 
drop in the interest rales on long-term 
bonds to get the economy rolling 'again. 
That turned out to be an effective strategy, 
and growth began to surge late last year. 
One result was the drop this spring in the 
unemployment rate — a much faster drop 
than the administration expected 

Now the administration is engaged in a 
classic balancing acL The economy is 
probably operating close to its full capaci- 
ty. There are always a lot of short-term 
political interests in pushing the limits, but 
that raises the risk of going too far and 
repeating Mr. Bush's experience. For po- 
litical Washington, the bond market serves 
as a warning device, noisy but useful, tike a 
foghorn for a sailor who is trying to guess 
how close he has come to the rocks. 

— THE WASHINGTON TOST. 


T EL AVIV — 0'n. said my wife, spot- 
ting the baseball bat in the back of 
our Israeli friends* car. does your son 
play? No. they said, explaining' that it is 
for tihe rare but nationally unnerving pos- 
sibility of a random street attack. 

Your method of setf-defense. it turns 
ouL has some connection to your political 
views. Liberals, pained at having to take 
precautions against a people they want to 
make peace with, might have something 
like a bat handy; conservatives, with no 
similar hang-ups, might pack a gun. It's 
not easy to be on the strong side of ibe 
Israeli- Palestinian divide. 

Nor, we learned in Ramallah in the 
occupied West Bank, is it easy to be on 
the weak side. A Palestinian friend, 
whose house sits a hundred meters from a 
small Israeli army encampment, has not 
wanted his young children growing up 
either to accept the occupation or to 
challenge it by intifada stones: to bow to 
Israeli soldiers or to hate them. One of 
his daughters received a friendly compli- 
ment from a young soldier passing by. It 
flustered her but it flattered her, too. 
What to tell an 1 1 -year-old girl? 

Wbat these two Incidents share is an 
intensely human focus on peace. These 
are not people — nor. I believe, do they 


By Stephen S. Rosenfeld 


represent societies — intent on crushing 
one another. Many Israelis are coming to 
terms in their fashions with their salient 
fear of real personal and national danger. 
Many Palestinians are working within 
the onerous limitations imposed upon 
them by Israel’s preponderance of power. 

Each side is becoming aware, at least 
episodically, that the other has legitimate 


political requirements, too. Hence the 
controversial Israeli letter, seized cm by 


controversial Israeli letter, seized on by 
Likud and its American acolytes, giving 
the PLO’s Yasser .Arafat a little rhetori- 
cal satisfaction on the issue — Jerusalem 
— that Likud evidently means to ride back 
to power. Hence Mr. Arafat’s acceptance 
of terms of Gaza-Jericho self-rule so 
pinched that, if the tables were turned. 
Israelis would spurn them in a flash. 

The sharpest evidence of progress is 
that Israelis are beginning to praise the 
performance of the Palestinian police in 
Gaza-Jericho. These Egypt- and Jordan- 
trained officers are starting to arrest sus- 
pects and to move against the fundamen- 
talist sources of terrorism. For Israelis. 
aD further commitment to the peace pro- 
cess depends on police will and capacity. 


Both Mir. Arafat and his Palestinian crit- 
ics understand that tins is make or break 
for their own hopes to end the rest of the 
occupation and to set up a state. 

Israel has to be the fastest changing 
society in the world. A telling example 
Iks in the deconstruction of the myth of 
heroic self-sacrifice for freedom that the 
late Prime Munster GcJda Meir eJrtoued ■ 
as the “Masada complex.’' The weekly 
Jerusalem Report writes that Israeli ar- * 
chaeologists and historians now see the 
1st century mass suicide of Jcwzsbrebds 
on the Masada rampart as more Eke a - 
Jewish Jonestown. These inquiries are 
part of a broad, brave revisio nist sw eep - 
that has left many American perceptions 
of Israel a generation out of date. 

Palestinians are desperately playing 
catch-up. This is the meaning of their 
engagement in peace talks with the Is- 
raelis and' of their intense discussions 
among themselves. .A good number of 
them are determined to make liberation' 
from foreign occupation not a descent 
into familiar Arab one-man rule but an . 

ascent to status as the Arab world’s first 


consider ways tokc ep 
Arafat from naming o| 
rigs’ forthcoming fag * 
. Not just mteHectnaB 
professional, people Siq 
meat. Majiy ww 



nod 


countability front" labo 
and construction ritts,- 


democracy; 


rag tfieteieyi 
mtiedlsradp 


Unman, the f£l 


UJC WM ^ “ 

j oining electio t^"yi - oriwr 7 
place in a dew 




ex tending mitaJKHiay>Rn^.in 


working democracy. 

The day last week when the intifada 
was celebrating its monthly anniversary 
with a muscle-flexing West Bank shnt- 


tijtiaosu^ tbcwaD withjgis 
' authoritarian . 

ere could cost 
“Israd is a -XStaialH 
Israel 

body is arraed- Bul peabe“m j^ 

ce o rtiwrtU ' : *rv» -?*■ • 


ikud Line About Peace Is a Sure Recipe for 




Still, the administration was smart to 
keep its cool. The shrewd Kim II Sung may 
have been using Jimmy Carter as a cover 
for making policy adjustments that he did 
not care to make directly to Bill Clinton. 
.An offer of a nuclear freeze, another teas- 
ing reference to inspection, resumption of 
U.S.-Nonh Korean talks, a proposal of a 
first North Korean summit with South 
Korea: these items are chips in play on an 
extended bargaining table. But as offered 
by Kim D Sung they serve a strategy of 
seeking advantage from the United States 
— a guarantee against attack, a return to 
international scvieiy. a recognition of 
North Korea's place and pride — without 
surrendering the nuclear option. 

The United States needs something very 
different: to make sure North Korea gets 
off the nuclear road. On this crucial re- 
quirement, Mr. Carter has drawn no rab- 
bit out of the hat. The crisis is not. as he 
says. over. We are still no closer to know- 
ing whether North Korea means to com- 
ply with international nonproliferation 
pledges or to play for time. This is what 
President Clinton must keep foremost in 
mind as he continues a negotiation that 
has been complicated but perhaps also 
loosened by Jimmy Carter’s intervention. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST 


B OSTON — Gaza and Jeri- 
cho are under Palestinian 
rule now. But hope for a general 
setilemcn: of the Israeli-Pales- 
tiniar. conflict is clouded by 
events ibut have renewed old 
suspicions, among them the He- 
bron massacre, other deaths on 
both sides and Yasser Arafat's 
talk of a jihad for Jerusalem. 

In Israel, the political right has 
seized on the strains of imple- 
mentation to intensify its attacks 
on the declaration signed last 
September on the White House 
lawn. The criticism is worth a 
careful look, for it discloses more 
than it surely intended to. 

Benjamin Netanyahu. leader 
of the Likud opposition, summed 
up Lhe critical view in a Los An- 
geles Times article last month. He 
said Gaza and Jericho amounted 
to "beachheads" for a Palestinian 
state. Israel should not let the 
Palestinians have a police force or 
other governing institutions. It 
should limit them to "self-man- 


By Anthony Lewis 


agement of local affairs" within 
overall Israeli control 

Security. Mr. Netanyahu said, 
should be “provided by the Is- 
raeli army and not the Palestin- 
ian terrorist army now being 
built in ihe territories." 

The instructive part of the es- 
say was what Mr. Netanyahu 
did not say out loud: that, under 
his plan. Israeli' occupation of 
the West B ank would become 
permanent — with all its grisly 
consequences for both Israelis 
and Palestinians. 

Living under military rule 
and subject to arbitrary arrest 
and detention by alien security 
forces. Palestinians would natu- 
rally be resentful and express 
their discontent. Israeli draftees 
would forever have to carry out 
the corrupting duties of occupa- 
tion — the very situation against 
which Prime Minister Yitzhak 
Rabin warned last month. 


“We are paying with blood for 
r iding over another people," Mr. 
Rabin said. “Ruling over another 
people has corrupted ns." He 
called for the Israel Defense 
Force to “become a defense army 
nmm and not an occupation 

^ . I 


army against another people." 
Mr. Netanyahu's deseziptk 


Mr. Netanyahu's description 
of the Palestinian police in Gaza 
and Jericho as “the Palestinian 
terrorist army - " was of course po- 
litical slangin g. In right-wing Is- 
raeli lingo. '.Arabs are “terrorists-" 
In fact, the new Palestinian 
police are doing a creditable job 
so far in a difficult role. They 
have even brought an end to the 
killing of supposed “collabora- 
tors” in Gaza. Mr. Netanyahu 
objected that the PLO had “made 
a pact with the Islamic funda- 
mentalist Hamas group" instead 
of dissociating itself. But since 
the Pales tinian police arrived. 
Hamas has quieted down. Israeli 


mflh ary officers have praised the y f ffl)cd to e a rned 
start made bv the new force- agreement H sigw 

What is so striking about the E gypt has kqpc 
Netanyahu position isits unreal- ■ •? the-.-;' cruets! ; treat 
ity. For Palestinians to take re- that the 
sponsibzlity for their lives and agrcal boQQfprji 
security is good news For IsradT : 'Ihritfarttawt 1 
Unreality w-as also the h alt- Kbed ashoped. 

mark of another recent essay thai^reatjT^ 
critical of the current peace pipe ^ through Jot {sraeL 

it was an article on -The .- •' itsjsdlation m the regjan.- 
New York Times opinion page For Ruth 
by Ruth Wi sse, director of the. tiFcaptititdJkssJH 
Gmter for Jewish Studies; at _ becarasc Arabs» iE 
Harvard. She is a learned and main utteady 'has 
much-respected scholar, not Caution iswt9e.-E 
spurred by political ambition, as see that Jtafati & 

Mr. Netanyahu is. But m ventiir- . tkxKnow r fl»tevz 
ing onto political ground, she inglowaid tiic idc 
strayed from the facts in a way metis can actual! 
that she would surely find tmac- normal fife with # 
ceptabk in academic work. Mr. Nca&ttyuhi] 

Thus she dismissed Israel’s want “real; pera 
peace treaty with Egypt with radc.”Jfistdeatrf \ 
what sounded like contempt, keep a zmOTon or 'i 
“Having demanded and received ians andfit occup 
every inch of the Sinai in return recipe for ptiin ai* 
for peace," she wrote, Egypt “has - The Ntw Yor 


a greemen t it signed in 

that die Snai^^^nsHt^rized-^^; 


because Aiai^ m har sicw; afjf 
nuon uttaiy hosflfc- TQ israeL' / j 


mg toward .ihe idea, a^th&Js^; 
rndis can 

normal fife witittioir nd^bdr^; '' ; 

Mr. Ndattyahu rays israe& j ? 
want *Yeal: peace, '-not -.'a 
radc.” ffis idea crfrcaipaaceis-to 
keep: a aoDion or more Pafesrin- vi 
ians .amfct occnpatipni^a/siire 
redpe for ptiisafid strife.” . . -2 

1 The Nnr Ycirfe Tfciet L”-' 




Add Genuine Dialogue and the Korean Crisis Should Be Soluble 






N EW YORK — Six days in Seoul 
brought a mixture of imDre&sions. Mv 


1 N brought a mixture of impressions. My 
feelings are a blend of optimism and pessi- 
mism. A major plus is the strength of the 
South Korean economy and the general 
feeling or confidence, at least on the surface. 

An underlying minus is Lhe Korean 
sense that a crisis with North Korea, large- 
ly brought on by American concerns about 
global proliferation, may jeopardize all 
that has been achieved. 

A somewhat ironic plus is that the North 
Koreans may now be easier to deal with, 
since they have apparently obscured the 
record of what they did in 1989 and wheth- 
er they extracted’ plutonium when they 
shut down their five-megawatt reactor. A 
full revelation of that record might have 
shown Kim II Sung, the “Great Leader." to 
be a liar — something that the Pyongyang 
regime would never allow. 

A further irony is that if Washington 
and the International Atomic Energy 
Agency remain obsessed with what hap- 
pened in 1989, the chance to deal with 
North Korea’s current and future nuclear 
activities may be lost I suspect that con- 


By Donald P. Gregg 


tinued pressure on sanctions, with no ac- 
companying dialogue, would drive North 
Korea out of the Nonproliferation Treaty’, 
beyond all LAEA controls. 

A strong and unequivocal plus is Gener- 
al Gary Luck, commander of all U.S. 
forces m Korea. Rock-solid, battie-iested 
and unflappable, he is the perfect man to 
have in Korea during these difficult days. 

A major minus is that the Clinton admin- 
istration is focused entirely on the LAEA's 
nuclear agenda, refusing to’ address broader 
economic concerns until these technical 
matters are addressed. This narrow empha- 
sis, which translates into the LAEA malting 
extraordinarily intrusive demands on the 
North Koreans, is hard for other states in 
the neighborhood — China and Japan, in 
particular — to understand or support. 

Another minus is that the Clinton ad- 
ministration seems to carry within it little 
or no seme of Asian political history, and 
no empathy for Asian ways of thinking. 

The offstage cacophony arising from 


some columnists and many Republicans is 
also a minus. It puts pressure on a president 
with perceived weaknesses in places like 
Bosnia and Haiti to “get tough” in Korea. 

Bill Clinton made an important and 
correct derision in cutting the policy link 
between China’s trade status and its per- 
formance on human rights. As a result, 
China is already working behind the 
scenes (as it always does with its neigh- 
bors) to help defuse the North Korean 
nuclear crisis. President Clinton needs to 
make an equally important adjustment in 
his policy toward Korea, taking back con- 
trol from the United Nations, the IAEA 
and those in the State Department for 
whom nonproliferation is the sine qua non. 

It would be easier for the president to 
make this change if the press and the 


Republicans cut him a little slack. 
Some intangibles also emerged 


Some intangibles also emerged during 
my time in Seoul notably Jimmy Carter’s 
visit to Pyongyang and the possibility of a 
regional conference, as suggested by Mos- 
cow. My sense is that both events may be 
helpful In broadening the dialogue be- 
tween Washington and Pyongyang. 


In Seoul I saw an old fri&id, a South 
Korean general who has yeMS oL«peri- - : | T1 
ence in stealing with the North Koreans. . T 'ri 
He said to me quite directly^ “The North - 
Koreans thmk you are trying to stran^e ■ }• 
than; they want betterbriatams WilhycRL” >. 
He suggested that they Would be easier to 
deal mth if Washington tatted nbout.tepf - ?J. 
nomics as wefl as nuclear issues^ 7; - r 2^7: 

In the end 1 am Ml with the feeting that " a ” 
Bill Clinton is too smart a -man ^tiot to- \rk' 
figure but that he. mnst : talk © thcT^orth : 
Koreans as well as confront tbfcuL Fonte:£$. 
and diplomacy work best in tandem. Mr: y :7f-. 
Clinton has thie forces of detemaacewfl ^ 

place, ably led by General Lpck. . Tftc'r’C- ' 
North Koreans know tbis^aiuLrespea rL" S-l: 
Once Mr. Clinton adds genuine diptomatip. 
dialogue to the mix, instead of the hbrt*r5l¥ 
tory intrusiveness used so Fax, he W31 
that the Korean problem can- be hK>vedfC : ; 5 
away from crisis toward a solution.- 


The writer, ambassador to South Karca 7^7 
from 1989 to 1993, is chainivmcfzhebbardttf;^. ■ 
the Korea Society in New York, 
ed this comment to The Washington ' 




:■■ ■ .-1;-; y,~ 


Notions of Asia: In the Eye of the Beholder 9 and Thus a R«aiit^ 




H ONG KONG — Like beauty 
and truth. Asia is in the eve 


J- -L and truth, Asia is in the eye 
gF the beholder. But it is nonethe- 
less real for that. The notion that 
“Asian” concepts exist is a pow- 
erful force in world attitudes, eco- 
nomics and politics. “Asian val- 
ues” are widely assumed to exist, 
regardless of the contradictory 
definitions that abound of just 
what constitutes Asia. 

What is Asia? 

To be pedantic, Asia is a Euro- 
pean invention. Coined by (he 
Greeks Co separate them from the 
Persians, and adopted by Chris- 
tendom as a catchall word to de- 
fine everything to the east that 
was not part of their world. 

Modem Europe is an amalgam 
of Greco-Roman and imported 
(from “Asia"”) Semitic or Christian 
traditions. In fact, Europe is as 
much a subcontinent of Asia, the 
western subcontinent of the Eur- 
asian landmass, as is the Indian 
or southern subcontinent. Indeed, 
the Himalayas, the Naga Hills and 
the Baluchistan desert provide an 
even better boundary of a conti- 
nent than the Urals, the Bosporus 
and the Caucasus do for Europe. 

So much for geography. No 
Asian culture has an indigenous 
concept even approximating to the 
Aaa of the modern atlas. This is 
hardly surprising, as the continent 
contains within it at least four 
major cultural expressions: .Arab. 
Sinic, Indian and Malay. Each 
has been the equal of the Europe- 
an, and with various important 
subcultures and intermixtures. 

However, Europeans (and by 
extension their colonizer cousins 
in the Americas) and Asians have 
a common shared experience of 
Western supremacy. If Europe- 
ans foisted the term “Asian” on 
them as an object of European 
expansionism, they have replied 
by emphasizing “Asian" identity, 
even if the reality is often that the 
only common denominator is not 
bring European. 


By Philip Bowring 


For Chinese, identification with 
any non-Chinese entity has its 
problems. Anyway, for them as for 
other users of Chinese script, the 
word for Asia is simply the charac- 
ter denoting the sound ya. Refer- 
ences to “Asians” are essentially 
to East Asians, from Japanese in 
the east to Thais in the west. Indi- 
ans do not normally count 

The same is true for Japan. 
Imperial Japan's proclaimed goal 
in 1941 of liberating Asia from 
European domination may have 
gained supporters in India, Indo- 
nesia and Burma who were look- 
ing for allies in the anti-colonial 
struggle and could identify with 
the nation which beat the white- 
skinned Russian imperialists. But 
for Japanese, “Asian” identity is 
with neighbors from whom they 
had borrowed so much and whom 
they were invading. 

In East Asia, even Westerners 
have taken to treating “Asia” as 
being something east of India. 
The Asian Games and other in- 
ternational functions may bring 
together every country from Ye- 
men to Japan, but for the myriad 
“Asian” publications produced in 
Hong Kong and Singapore, rang- 
ing from Asian Caterer to the 
Asian Wall Street Journal, the sub- 
continent is barely on the map. 

The view from the subcontinent 
is, naturally, different. Asia of the 
Urals- to- Japan geographic defini- 
tion exists, but the sense of identi- 
ty with those to the east is flimsy at 
best India has left indelible cultur- 
al marks on Southeast Asia, the 
Malay, Khmer and Thai worlds, 
but for most of the past thousand 
years its attentions nave been forc- 
ibly drawn westward and north- 
ward, toward Persia, Islam, Cen- 
tral Asia and Europe. Nor should 
its ancient Indo-Aryan linguistic 
links to Europe be forgotten. 

Meanwhile it may be hard to 
find two more different places on 


earth today than India, birthplace 
of Buddhism, and Korea, where it 
is the predominant belief. 

In test Asia, perhaps only the 
Indonesians and Malaysians, with 
their religious links to the cradle of 
Islam, their ancient history of In- 
dian influence and the current 
links to the ethnic Chinese com- 
mercial world, can claim much 
pan-Asianhood. But they are on 
the fringe, and tend to wariness 
both of the Coafudan world and 
of the less tolerant religious tradi- 
tions of western Asia. 

Positioning themselves firmly 
in the middle of Asia, inhabit- 
ants of the subcontinent like to 
call the region to the west West 
Asia. This is politically correct, 
as it purports to supplant the 
vague term “Middle East.” The 
latter is assumed to be a con- 
struction derived from imperial- 
ist Eurocentrism. “West Ajtia” is 
accurate enough geographically, 
but it ignores the fact that “Mid- 
dle East” is used in Arabic as 
much as in English to describe a 
geopolitical entity which encom- 
passes parts of Africa as well as 
of Asia, and abuts Europe. 

Indeed, in those parts. Arab, 
Muslim and specifically national 
identities of Turks, Iranians, Is- 
raelis etc. leave this part erf Asia 
— and the original Greek Asia — 
with very little consciousness of 
Asia beyond the Indus. The an- 
tagonism toward Europe is real 
enough, but history has made this 
primarily a religious divide be- 
tween Islam, the main religion of 
western Asia, and Christendom, 
and that leaves scant room for 
pan- Asian identity. 

As for the most visible of all 
identifications, racial features, 
the situation is different again. It 
is easy enough for East Asians to 
identify themselves as “Asians" 
vifr-k-vis those they consider Eu- 
ropeans, or “brown” Indians. But 


Chinese and Indians have strong 
enough recollections of skin- 
based European prejudices (not 
to mention thrir own) to beware 
of skin as as identifying force. 

Yet just as Turks, Syrians or 
Ira n i ans may be physically in- 
distinguishable from Southern 
Europeans, so they cease to be 
Asian at all by the definitions of 
many Chinese, and sometimes 
Indians, too. 

Nor should that be surprising 
In the days of the shah, Iran used 
to emphasize its “Caucasian" ori- 
gins and Aryan language, stress- 
ing its separateness from Arabs 
and Turks and pre- Islamic cul- 
ture. That is suitably ironic, as the 
Caucasus, now used as an adjec- 
tive for white people, is on the 
border between Europe and Asia 


So that is muddted . A^B: 
real it is and will remain, wfssf.^ 7 
people or (more often) cpvenfS^; : 
meats, be they Japanese, Malay^ t 
sian, Pakistani, are attariced ve&S* r 
bally, ideologically, ectmcHrricaBy^v" 


or phyacaDy by Westem couii^; 
tries. Right or wrong.Tit is 
difficult for Aaan govaimMajS;^:," 
to dismiss the erstwfaw'cctkHUze^^;'; 
of Asiatics (to borrow Hnperial^^ 
usages) when; they cspmsc 
or policies which -Asians, out 
conviction or self-interest, 
skier inappropriate. - . . . • . £ VT& 

As for the past/itis remtefca^®'-' 
how often Westerners raise 
issue of Japan’s .brutal imperial* 1 ' 
ism in Asa, and coiiyanenuyTtMr^^\ 
get their own spotty records 
and their textbooks.' 

Westem dominance is forgotten ih y7 
Asa, Asa will continue tb ex^E^p 
International Herald. Tribute. : 

• • • • • r e “ 7 “ 2 J • , i 


and is perhaps the most ethnically 
muddled region on earth. 


cocia - 

?.*:• sti 

torc-L > - 

y.-ztV- 


Get- l 
in ■ 


IN OUR PAGE S; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO"# 

“ - , l ’ • • Jr iy . 

.-■■■■■ L. 

1894 : A Young Hero in spots v*ere cqvexed by br^^ 

A>K - -ru-TS- __ La0 ‘ POPPitt- 


r'sfCfcv 

rtiac* •, 1 

Sll'rjli 1 ' 


PARIS — The garde champetre 
of Epinay was rowing on the 
Seine on Tuesday (June 19] when 
his boat was swamped by the 
wash from a passing steamer. 
He could not swim, and would 
certainly have drowned but for 
a boy of thirteen, Luden Dufay, 
who came at once to his aid 
and brought him safely to land. 
Laden already has obtained a 
medal for saving a schoolfellow 
from drowning. 


1944s Chang^ba Fails " 

CHUNGKING = — [Friaff-^c 
New York edition:] CbanggJ 
capital of the Honan . prove® 
and for five years a syribri; 

ai/VAccfivl — — ■ ■ 


1919: Visit to Verdnn 


PAiUS-^. Lloyd George re- 

turned to Pans on Thursday the enemy in the last rwrv 

dir p 1 ‘k*? ?*y thebattlffor Changsha, a 

ymt to the French battlefields, nique said. 1husSjS«f 
including Verdun. The British 


fallen to the Japanese, the 
nese high command 
today [June 2IJ. Fifty thousand! 
Japanese troops, stronriy'sup^ 

ported by artillery aiid waxpIsKiS^ 

partidpated in the final a&auiitej! 
which overwhelmed the dfy*s 
ban defenses, the Chmese sn^ 
.Heavy losses' were inflicted - '0^'^ 

the enemy m the last two 


including Verdun. The British 
Prime Minister was greatly im- 
pressed by the spectacle of 


pressed by the spectacle of 
devastation, the shell-torn field 
presenting a striking picture 


aeaod wtare three tunes pidfidB&vi- 
Jy they had been WoodflyTemase^# 
once at the very gates of 
mumcation center, which 
P»-war population of 500,000.^71 




1 






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Fin ding the Proper Focus 
To View a Double Murder 


By William Satire 


TTTASHINCTON —The moving 

▼ V images in Americans’ minds of 
O. J. Simpson breaking through 
tackle or racing through an airport 
nave slammed to s tillness in a mug 
shot issued by the Los Angeles Po- 
lice De partm ent. 

For the First time, we are faced 
with this question; How do we react 
to the charge that someone famed 
for his winning ways may be a knife- 
wielding murderer of two people? 

First, we suspend judgment until 
he enters his plea. If he continues to 
ma in ta in he is not guilty, we extend 
to him the presumption of innocence 
— not just as a formality, but as our 
assertion of the rights of every indi- 

ResponsibiHfyfor the 
deaths rests not on cruel 
society, nosy reporters or 
drug-related derangement, 

vidua! against the power of the state. 

Next, we knock off this stuff 
about his being “an American 
hero.” Although he was an authentic 
football hero, later capitalizing on 
his celebrity in films and television, 
Mr. Simpson was by no means a 
Figure like Jackie Robinson — who. 
through his sports example and later 
by extensive community work, 
found a way to have a positive im- 
pact on American life. 

Then we do our best to set aside 
the usual racial overtone in the pros- 
ecution of a black in the killing of 
whites. Mr. Simpson came under 
suspicion because he was the former 
husband of one of the victims, not 
because of his color, his jurors must 
not be influenced by concerns of the 
impact on his fans and supporters of 
every race, exemplified by those 
mindless motorists who lined the 
freeway shouting “Go, QJ.P as he 
was followed to his anest by a pro 1 
cession of police cars. 

Finally, those of us outside 
the judicial process should focus 
on what we know about this case, 
rather than on leaks from defense 
and prosecution. 

The most stunning piece of evi- 
dence so far made public is his sui- 
cide note, addressed “to whom it 
may concern,” which is you and me. 

That the document is a suicide 
note, or was intended by Mr. Simp- 
son to be read as such, seems be- 
yond dispute. After reasserting that 
he had “nothing to do with Nicole’s 
murder," he bade farewell to 
friends: “As I leave, you’ll be in my 
thoughts.” He used the dramatic 
suicide clichb: “1 can’t go on.” ■ 


He twice put his life in the past 
cense: “I’ve had a good life . . . I’ve 
bad a great life.” Impending self- 
destruction thus declared, Mr. 
Simpson — “this lost person” — 
then ran away from the cops, report- 
edly gun in hand. 

The obvious question: If inno- 
cent, why couldn’t he “go on”? Why 
ran away from life, or from the po- 
lice? His defense may say that he 
was gripped by mental depression 
and irrationally thought that a fair 
trial was impossible. 

That is arguable; but the suicide 
note strikes me as evidence of a 
flight from responsibility — Mr. 
Simpson’s attempt to manipulate 
the emotions of friends and fans by 
claiming reverse victimbood. 

“At times I have felt like a bat- 
tered husband or boyfriend,” he 
wrote. This from a man who, after 
eight previous complaints of wife- 
beating, was finally arrested five 
years ago and pleaded no contest to 
his wife’s charge. An overly lenient 
judge let the celebrity off with a 
small fine, quickly forgotten com- 
munity service, and promised phone 
calls to a psychiatrist. 

Mr. Simpson would have ns be- 
lieve that the victim in 1989 was not 
the abused wife with tin: black eye 
and bruised neck, but the famous 
football hero. The real perpetrator 
was not the husband who did not 
contest her charge but the press: He 
claims he entered his nolo plea only 
“to protect our privacy” and to “end 
the press hype.” He dismissed her 
repeated calls to police as “all this 
press talk about a rocky relation- 
ship” Back then, in other words, the 
media made him do u. 

A legitimate Simpson defense to 
today’s murder charges would de- 
mand that the government prove its 
case. We can hope he avoids the no- 
responsibility defense, popularized 
by the Menendez and Bobbitt law- 
yers, holding that the real victim is 
not the dead or injured but the 
abused accused. 

Justice can also do without this 
argument: A person who has mon- 
ey, looks and public adulation 
would have to be crazy or drugged 
out of his mind to commit murder 
— and thus insane, cannot be held 
responsible. 

This case will force domestic vio- 
lence out of the shadows, which is 
good. But all justice is individual: 
two human bongs were stabbed to 
death. Responsibility rests not on 
cruel sod cry. nosy reporters, drug- 
related derangement or maddening 
provocation, but on the murderer, 
whether an admired celebrity or 
a hated hoodlum. 

The New. York Tunes. ■ 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


East Timor’s ’Choice’ 

Regarding “ A Response From Ja- 
karta’' ( Letters, June 14): 

Irwan Abidin of Indonesia's 
Directorate of Foreign Informa- 
tion asserts that “the facts sur- 
rounding the process by which the 
people of East Timor opted for in- 
dependence through integration 
with Indonesia are well known and 
speak for themselves.” 

Indeed. These facts include an In- 
donesian invasion and occupation 
that killed at least 60,000 people in 
the first few months, and a patently 
rigged “act of self-determination” 
which did not even begin to comply 
with United Nations requirements. 

PETER WESL6Y-SMITH. 

Hong Kong. 

The writer is dean of the Faculty of 
Law. Un iversity of Hong Kong. 

TlieyDied in the South, Too 

Mercifully, the campaign in the 
south of France was far less costly 
than the one in Normandy. Still 
there were losses. Of the nearly 
59,000 American troops killed in 
France during World War II. more 
than 7,000 fell in the south. Of these. 
860 are buried in the military ceme- 
tery in Draguignan; 300 missing 
troops are commemorated there. 

As in Normandy, local residents 
still recall individual acts of hero- 
ism. The city of Cannes, for exam- 


ple. every July 4 honors the crew of 
an American bomber who gave their 
lives to guide their damaged, tomb- 
laden plane away from the city cen- 
ter. thus sparing the civilian popula- 
tion. This July 4, Cannes will 
dedicate a new monument to their 
memory, in the presence of mem- 
bers of their families. 

I do fed we owe it to those who 
fought here, having already done so 
in less easy circumstances at Aozio 
and Monte Cassino. to acknowledge 
that they were not always greeted 
with Veuve CljquoL Would that 
they had been. 

ANN K. KORKY. 

Marseille. 

The writer is U.S. consul genera 1 
in Marseille. 

Most of Physics Lives 

Regarding “A Requiem for Physics 
in America” ( Meanwhile . June 16) by 
Dick Teresi: 

In his lamentation over last fall's 
cancellation of the Superconducting 
Supercollider by the U.S. Congress, 
Dick Teresi sells both physics and 
his own profession short. ’ 

While it is true that American 
elementary particle physics, or high- 
energy physics, suffered a setback of 
such magnitude that its more pusil- 
lanimous supporters fear for its life, 
the rest of physics was not affected. 

In the fascinating quest to under- 
stand the mysteries of quantum me- 


chanics. the enigmas of space and 
time, the true nature of complexity 
and chaos, and the enwy . land- 
scapes inside solid matter — and 
more broadly in such burgeoning 
fields as biophysics, geophysics, as- 
trophysics, atmospheric physics, 
medical physics ana physical chemis- 
try — American science continues to 
be respected throughout the world. 

Mr. TeresTs assessment of his own 
role is also disturbing. For a winner 
of this year's American Institute of 
Physics science writing award to 
compare a scientist's decision to turn 
science writer to “Donald Trump de- 
ciding to become a bellhop” is an 
astonishing bit of self-deprecation. 
As a science writer myself, may I say 
that if, as Mr. Teresi believes, science 
is under siege, then his contributions 
lake on a greater urgency than ever. 

HANS CHRISTIAN von BAEYER. 

Paris. 

In the Valley of Death 

Regarding “ Why Can't We Go 
Agpin in Real Ships of die Sea 7" 
( Meanwhile, June 17) by Hans Koning: 

Come now. Mr. Koning. I'm sure 
Marsha] Foch would have been de- 
lighted to have said it (“Cest magni- 
fique. mats ce n'est pas la guerre”). 
but the words were actually uttered 
by Marshal Pierre Bosquet, as be 
watched the charge of the Light Bri- 
gade in 1854. 

D. F. ROBSON. 

Tourreues-sur-Loup. France. 


Cardinal Rules of Concern 
Apply to Parents Indoors 


By Anna Q n i ndl en 


N EW YORK — The cardinals 
were in the sun room down- 
stairs, battling tire deceptive trans- 
parency of the windows. They were 
a matched pair, him and her, with 
the air of belonging together and 
being there for a purpose. The pur- 
pose was on the floor, a chick, with 
tire rheumy rolling eye and bony 
neck of an old man. The door had 

MEANWHILE 

been left open for tire dog. and the 
baby had come in, its parents close 
behind. I took tire duck back out- 
side and opened the windows for its 
parents, who fluttered overhead, 
making the monosyllabic monoto- 
nous note of the cardinal, tinged 
now with a palpable air of distress. 

The chick had legs like L’s, pale 
and sinewy, and wings that seemed 
twice the size necessary to lift its 
body. It rose and fell, rose and fell 
again. All day long its mother, soft 
brown with a bright beak, and its 
father, a flamboyant Hag of crimson 
against the leaves, followed it 
around the yard, making frantic 
one-note suggestions. 

Once I tried to place it in the thick 
branches of the forsythia bush dose 
to its nest, its heart beating against 
my palm. It screamed in distress, 
and the parents flew close to my 
bead. All day I watched from the 
window for stray cats. At nightfall 
the birds were suddenly silent. 

Why worry? Baby birds are cheap 
as feathers; nature is hard and acci- 
dents happen. Once when 1 was a 
child we found a nest of bunnies 
beneath the stiffening corpse of 
their mother. We fed them with eye- 
droppers, cosseted them in a basket, 
kept them fay the radiator and 
peeked at them at night, their eyes 
like bits of onyx catching any light 
in the darkness. One by one they 
died. Even my mother wept 
Now I know that much of parent- 
hood is watching and waiting for tire 
duck to fan into harm’s way, watch- 
and waiting for the cats and the 


an tmdoainem of tenor. Part of the 
reason for the palpable happiness of 
tins commencement season is the 
great relief of knowing that some 
danger point is past, whether in high 
school in South Central Los Angeles 


Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed “ Letters to the 
Editor” and contain die miter’s sig- 
nature. name and full address. Let- 
ters should be brief and are siijm to 
editing. We cannot be responsible for 
the return of imsohched manuscripts. 


or college in Cambridge. Some times 

than oihere. But having children is 
always a perilous undertaking. 

It's the randomness of it that is so 
awful as we dutch dose our little 
constructions of family and home 
and school, an artful web of twigs. 
Children step in front of cars and 
fall in pools; teenagers take the 
wrong drugs, drive too fast, dip too 
deep into some well of despair. 
Some get stuck in the tar of tire bad 
spots, and some do not Some grow 
up strong with bad upbringings, and 
some falter with good ones. 

In front of me. stuck in the comer 
of a picture frame, is a black-and- 
white photograph. In the doorway 
of a dining room with dark pat- 
terned wallpaper is a young woman 
holding an infant. Behind her the 
table is set for dinner. In the mirror 
over the sideboard is reflected a man 
in tire living room beyond, a young 
man in khakis and a white shirt. The 
man is the woman’s husband, the 
baby’s father. The baby is me. 

In profile, her head dipped down 
over the infant's, my mother looks 
as if she is speaking in the picture, 
and sometimes I think she is telling 
me a secret, and that if only 1 can 
read her lips I will know how she 
intends to keep me safe. 

But the secret is that there is no 
secret There is no formula, much as 
1 once looked for one in the pages of 
Dr. Spock and Penelope Leach, be- 
lieving that child-rearing was alge- 
bra and that if I studied haid 
enough I would succeed. 

In a second photograph my moth- 
er and father are standing on the 
lawn. Both of them are handsomely 
dressed and he is bolding another 
baby, dressed in christening robes. 
You can see the way the picture was 
meant to look by the way he is posed 
for the camera. But at the moment 
the shutter clicked my mother 
lunged forward, her hand' open and 
outstretched, to grab the toddler 
running out of the frame, a blur of 
bonnet and matching coat, the baby 
of the first photograph, ambulatory 
and a little less safe than before. 
That lunge is the lesson. 

1 still see the two adult cardinals 
from the window, and their cries 
have gone back to the empty one- 
note I have learned to recognize as 
peculiar to the breed. Maybe the 
chick learned to fly. Or maybe 
sometime I will find its tiny tooth- 
pick bones amid the ivy. And 1 will 
never know why or how it fell, what 
it would have required for it to 
escape disaster. 

I think of this often, though not 
really about the birds. 

The New York Tunes. 


CHESS 


BOOKS 







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Realty 

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’‘l r 7T:^ :fS Ss 




By Robert Byme 

G arry kasparov 

came through to win tire 
Max Euwe Memorial Tourna- 
ment in Amsterdam. 

In Round 2, he defeated Ni- 
gel Short with an imaginative 
attack. 

In the Stdmtz Variation of 
the French Defense, 4 e5 seizes 
space in the center. 

After the kings had castled 
on opposite wings with 9—0-0 
10 O-O-O, the basic question 
was whose mating attack would 
come quicker. 

After 15 Qd4, Short rdied on 
a counterattack in the center 
with 15_f6, but after Kaspar- 
ov’s remarkable infiltration 
with 16 Qb4 fe 27 Qd6L the 
black position was under heavy 
pressure. On 17...QI6, Ka- 
sparov kept the beat on with 18 
£5!, the chief tactical point be- 
ing that 18-Qf5? 19Rf3Qg6 20 
Rf8 Nf8 21_Nb6 Bb7 22 Na8 
Bag costs Blade a rook for a 
bishop. 

After . 18— Qh6 19 Kbl RfS, 
Short , had picked up a pawn 
and simultaneously defended 
himself, but Kasparov's 20 R£3! 
threatened to shatter the blade 
structure with 21 Rf5. Short 
could not escape with 21« Jtf4 
because22 Rf4 ef 23 Rel denies 
any -defense to the break- 
through 24 Re6. Perhaps 
21-Rffi 22 Rd5! Bb7 23 Rf6 
Qf6 24 Rdl Nf8 would. have 
been .Black’s best chance, yet 
White’s positional superiority is 

evident, . 

Shortis . alternative, 20— RD 


SHORT/SLACK 



0 »» 

KA6PAKJV/WJVTE 

- Position after 30... c3 

Bd7 28 Nc5 with solid advan- 
tage for Kasparov. 

The drawback of Short’s 
23_.de was that it let Kasparov 
return Ms knight to the center 
powerfully with 24 Nc3. After 
24— Qe7 25 Qc6 Rb8 26 Ne4 
Nb6 (Black is dead after 
26-OM27 Qc6 Kf8 28 Rd2c3 
29 Nett!) 


g629 


attack wilk22 B'h3 Kf7 23 c4! 
Had Short played 23— d4, there 
could have followed 24 f4! ef 25 
Rfl Qe7_26 Qf* Nf6 27 Qd4 


27 Ng5 Kg8 28 Qe4! 
Rb7 30 Rd6 c3, Ka- 
all resistance with 
fl 

Since 31— Kf8 permits 32 
Qb8 mate. Short had to capture 
with 31-Be6. but after 32 Re6, 
he had no more defenses. Short 
saw that 32...Nc4 33 Re7 Na3 
34 Kcl cb 35 Qb2 would win 
easily for Kasparov and thus 
gave up. 

FKENCH DEFENSE * 

Wu 

Kaaffor 

ill* 5 

19 Kbl 
29 RO 

22 f&3 

23 C4 
M Nc3 
25 Oc6 
28 NH 
2? Ng5 
28QM 
2>Qe5 
IB MB 
31 Be8 

nw 


1 M 

2 <M 

3 Ne3 

4 tf 
SM 

8 NO 
7 B03 

9 M2 
10 0-00 
II M 

12 Bd4 

13 RbS 
24 NM 
13 QM 
16 QM 


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Befi 


HENRY R. LUCE: 

A Political Portrait of the 
Man Who Created the 
American Century 

By Robert E. Herzstein. 521 
pages. $30. Scribner's. 

Reviewed by 
Jonathan Yardley 

H ALF a century ago, as ac- 
tion in World War II 
neared high tide and Americans 
found themselves under an un- 
ceasing barrage of exhortation 
and propaganda, few names 
were more familiar to them 
than that of Henry Robinson 
Lace. Not merely was he the 
founder and chairman of Time 
Inc_ the publisher of three in- 
calculably influential maga- 
zines, Time, Fortune and life; 
he was a tireless public cheer- 
leader for the war and “The 
American Century” that be 
confidently expected it to usher 
in. His words were read by mil- 
lions in his magazines; they 
were heard by many more mil- 
lions in speeches, over the radio 
and on tire “March of Tune” 
newsreels that were shown in 
thousands of theaters. 

Luce’s magazines live on in 
altered states more than a quar- 
ter-century after his death, but 
Luce himself is largely forgot- 
ten outside the world of jour- 
nalism he did so much to shape 
for better and for worse. From 
time to time he is the recipient 
of attention in books and schol- 
arly inquiries, but there has 
been surprisingly little of either. 

Where to place Robert H ea- 
stern's “political portrait" of 
Luce in this small galaxy is 
rather difficult to determine. It 
is promoted by its publisher as 
“an in-depth biography,” yet it 


i WHAT THEY'RE READING 1 

1 

1 

• Jaime Zobel de Ayala, 
chairman and president of 

Ayala Corp. of the Philippines. 

is reading “Looking ci the Sun ” /OjK 

J by Janies Fallows. Fj* 

j “It is a song of praise to Japa- gy 

nesc achievement, but it is also |\ 1 

a backhanded compliment to tr ^ 

Japan's imitators in the region.” V^miC 
(Michael Richardson . 1HT) fa 

1 

vj444/ 


scants Luce’s private life and 
ends with unnerving sudden- 
ness at the conclusion of ihe 
war, even though Luce had 
more than 20 years still to live. 

A further difficulty is that 
Herzstein, professor of history at 
the University of South Caroli- 
na. is far more interested in and 
conversant with Luce’s political 
influence than journalism, yet 
with one notable exception i i is 
solely for the latter that he re- 
mains a figure of consequence. 

The exception is Luce’s role as 
crusader for “The American 
Century ” He coined the phrase 
in an editorial written lor Life’s 
edition of Feb. 17. 1941. in 
which he “foresaw an American 
Century in which the U.S.A. 
reigned supreme.” an age ihai 
“would fulfill history as tensions, 
evaporated and wars became ob- 
solete.” It was a conviction 
shaped by the “muscular Chris- 
tianity” Luce had learned as a 
boy from the example of his 
hero, Theodore Roosevelt: ii be- 
came “a program from which he 
never deviated” — a mixture of 
piety, patriotism and jingoism. 

In the convenient lens of hind- 
sight this vision is rescaled as the 
exercise in nals-ete and self-righ- 


little either its great importance 
to the era in which it was pro- 
pounded or its accuracy as a 
measure of the America of that 
day. 

The “American Century” 
could be called the last heroic 
gasp of American innocence be- 
fore tire onset of cynicism and 
sdf-doiibi brought on by the 
Cold War, Korea, McCarthyism 
and Vietnam. Heizstein’s analy- 
sis and Dice’s central role in 
propagating it is thorough and 
intelligent. The same must be 
said for his appraisal of Luce's 
place in American journalism, 
teousness that in fact it was, but What Herzstein calls “his 
this should Dot permit us to be- journalistic credo” was summed 


up succinctly by the great man 
himself: *T am biased m favor of 
God, the Republican Party, and 
free enterprise.” He employed 
his magazines in relentless and 
remorseless support of this Holy 
Trinity. 

For this be was widely detest- 
ed among (hose not captive to 
his moralistic, humorless and 
simpleminded view of the hu- 
man condition. 

Herzstein ’s analysis of the 
major strains in Luce's career is 
accompanied by a highly de- 
tailed account of his perfor- 
mance behind and before the 
scenes before and during World 
War II. His book appears to 


have originated as a studv of 
precisely that and should have 
been presented as such; that it 
is not may well be tire fault of 
others. In any event all but the 
most dedicated readers are like- 
ly to wash aground during 
Herzstein's endless documenta- 
tion of such matters as Luce’s 
feud with Franklin Delano 
Roosevelt and his infatuation 
with China. 

In time this book will be of 
value to the biographer who will 
give Luce his due, but that per- 
son's work is as yet undone. 


Jonathan Yardley is on the 
staff of The Washington Post. 


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International Herald Tribune 


Tuesday, June 21, 1994 
Page 8 






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f rom J* Chloes neoclassical draped dress . ■ draped silk jersey from Madame Gres Hose,,.- Romeo Gigli's iridescent toga. ■ Tanagra figurine. 3d century B.C. (inset); Lacroix's georgette scrap held by metallic barter. 

' | Body-Wraps: Tying Up Fashion and Culture 

YOURUFE: ' J 


Financial Scandals in Germany 
Unresolved Problems in Bosnia 
Slow Recovery in Europe 
%r Government in Japan 


By Suzy Menkes 

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Couwyturoicy 


Recovery in Europe ™a Marseille — From ihe rooftop of the fashion 

" 4 • r IV /m institute you look down on the Mediterranean blue 

wOVei m Hliient H* japan .„ | I % / H waters of the old port. On one of the boats sits a 

- v: ’ : ▼ JL. bikini-clad woman, a sarong knotted round her hips 

FOLLOW THE WORLD EVERY DAY IN THE IHT in the age-old manner. . , 

_ just how ancient — and how varied — body-wraps are is the 

QW /m 0/a off the subject of a fascinaiina exhibition at the spanking new Espace 

/ ■ / M /I# • Mode Mediterranee. Tiny Tanagra statuettes in terra-cotta 

) TO W cover price drapes, classical statues with frigid marble folds, religious head 

r ... IK Tra . ence coverings and modern designer fashion are all included in "Corps 

0155 ULfSoufiG. 0800 2703 drapes autour de la Mediterranee" — draped bodies as seen on 

) 1 7533 SWITZERLAND: 1 55 57 57 this sunny coastline and in the more shadowy world of veiled Arab 

17 437 th e NET HERLANDS: 06 022 5158 women on the southern shore. 

848585 UNHH3 kingdom: 0000 89 5965 j s hedonistic because of the sensuality of veiled flesh, half- 

_ . . .i <i exposed and half revealed — and scholarly, because it brings 

— — ■— — ™“ - together so many disparate objects.” says Maiyline Vigouroux of 

the museum's second exhibition. The wife of Marseille mayor 
Robert Vigouroux, she founded the institute in 19S8 and created 
the Espace Mode Medilerannee, which opened in December 1993. 

The sLx-storv building on the bustling Canebiere. modernized 
by architect Jean-Michel Wilmotte, houses exhibition and recre- 
ational space and a fashion institute. 

“A shop window for professionals and the public." says Vigour- 
oux. who points out that 400 businesses and 30,000 jobs in the 
region are dependent on the fashion industry. The institute’s role 
is to nurture new talent and develop textile crafts. 

The display of draperies is provocative in every sense — not 
least because it uses paintings, sculpture and even a film retracing 
the sinuous movements of a lightly-veiled Isadora Duncan as a 
background to the clothes. By the time we see Romeo Gigli's 
gilded toga of a dress or Chloe's neoclassical wisps, the references 
to Roman dress or 19th-century art are already implanted. 

By borrowing from other museums in the region, the exhibition 
has been able to include high quality pieces, from Ingres paintings 
to a frieze of ancient Egyptian figures. It is a fresh and intelligent 


approach to fashion exhibitions that so often look like forlorn Western outfit with defined waist and gathered skirt Yet draping^, 
displays of dead people s clothes. the fichu and the shawl was the essence of the chi oh, 

"I started from the idea of a square of fabric as a symbol of remains of a culture that left Roman ruins on the landscape. : - v ^ 
purity.” says curator Catherine Onnen. although she found a The strongest current influence is Arab, reflected in Ihe mulf£ V 
contradiction at almost every stage of her research, as the simple ethnicity of modem Marseille. The exhibition closes with a serw&y* 
swaddling bands that open the exhibition become by its end of photographs of veiled women taken in Morocco in 191S-l_9'ire^^r 
rectangular coverings symbolic for different religions — Jews, q q. de CMxambault, a psychiatrist who ulrmurtdy committed; 
Muslims or Christians. suicide. His obsessive studies — the bodies recognizably fctnaleficc , 

“There is often an ambiguity." she says, referring to fleshy yet reduced to sepia lumps, and forms, eyes gjmdng 
breasts swelling from low-slung drapes in the so-called religious faces — are disturbing in their mix of the religious and the eH^Sfc^.:* 

ecstasy paintings of the IShh century. The bishop who hid an 1854 in images of subjugated women. 


3 mo intis 
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rectangular coverings symbolic for different religions — Jew's. 
Muslims or Christians. 

“There is often an ambiguity." she says, referring to fleshy 
breasts swelling from low-slung drapes in the so-called religious 
ecstasy paintings of the 1 9th century. The bishop who hid an 1854 
statue' of a veiled Virgin Mary had no doubts about its oven 
sexuality. The exhibition’s catalogue uses the famous image of a 
Madame Gres dress, photographed in classical pose by Willy 
Maywald in 1954. with one uptdted breast exposed. 

The exhibition is. of course, about bodies, flesh and sin. From the 
stance of late 20th-centuiy society in the Western world, when 
supermodds gyrate half-naked on fashion runways, the post-Chris- 
tian shame about the body seems quaint. Especially since, as Ormen 
points out, drapes both cover and reveal aiL As soon as the body 
expresses itself in movement, the silhouette is shown more dearly in 
a length of fabric that drapes it. than in garments with a fixed form. 

The show opens with a statue of an ample Aphrodite, a veil 
swathing her hips. In a vitrine is an ancient bone needle to 


in images oi suojugaieo women. . vtvfc 

T HE pictures are also a reminder, along with the ; 

head coverings, of the tide of Islam sweeping the , 

era Mediterranean shore and lapping at French schpcfe'^l. 
The right of Muslim girls to wear a headscarf has 
into a racial, cultural and political issue. . r . !' . 

What of the contemporary designers and there drapmgslf^J?y |. 
show would have been enriched by nkiudingthe Japanese design©!^ * 
Issey Miyake and Rd Kawakubo, whose two-dimensional dofljep, V. 
challenged accepted fashion ideas in the 1980s. But ; 

outside the brief, the show concentrates on French andiallfe 
designers. Hervfe Leger manages to nun the Greek ny urepKs'&afc'i 
into a sexy nymphette’s dress; Chlofc catches the swceoiess-g n4y ^- 
transparency of neodasskasm; the designer team of Mariot Chanct ;^ 


demonstrate that the subject of this exhibition is not garments transparency of neodassidsm; the designer team of 

that are sewn or stitched. Classical drapes are re-created to show gives a graphic modem twist to drapes; LaCToix’ycrQ?o^fatlv 

how in Greek and Roman times, lengths of fabric were just draped fact a rectangular piece of fabric caged by a metallic breast^a^l^- 

round the body and fastened with a few strings or buttons. But Romeo Gigli changes the spirit of the toga by sculptinghisr 

Ormen says that early 19th-century neoclassical garments were dresses in stiff, iridescent fabrics. And Maurizio Galaritrdispl^p:- 

really just takes on antique dressing: the Jane Austen era re- fine craftsmanship in intricate pleats and drapes. • 

created the draped outlines with traditional dressmaking. ^ ^ shown „ mnawynm, 

If the exhibition were not specifically about the Mediterranean capture the lyrical lightness Of the ^Jareir drape. Artists throug^^d^lf 

area, it might have included a National Geographic study of * J -* ^ — - v - 

draped garments: the Japanese kimono, the Polynesian sarong, 
the Indian sari. 

But the Mediterranean is an interesting focus because of its cross- 
cultural influences. The folkloric costume from Aries, with prints 
brought on the trade routes from India, seems to be a traditional 


> have done a better job of suggesting the Venus Erotica tmaj^^^ 
ic caressing the body’s curves and the sensual drama in 


for modem designers. Only when women are forced tp.i 
bodies does the suggestive drape become a fashion force. 




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SELECTION OF HANDBAGS 
SHOES AND ACCESSORIES 


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PARIS 

2 FG. SAINT HONORE 


Summer of Greed’? The Concert Season 


N 


By Neil Strauss Wilh ^ ^ ^ es - 

tv™ York Times Service Barbra Streisand, the Rolling 

Slones and the Billy Joel-Elton 

EW YORK — Con- John team on the road, promot- 
cert promoters are ers predict that 1994 will be the 
calling this season the concert industry's highest- 
“Summer of Greed.” grossing year, topping 1990's 


“Summer of Greed.’' 


HANAE MORI 


PARIS 


record of $1.1 billion in ticket 
sales for touring acts. 

For some bands, however, 
there is no worse time to be on 
the road than the present. “We 
are, no pun intended, in heavy 
traffic,” said Ron Weisner, who 
manages Traffic, one of several 
bands that have reunited to tour 
this summer. “Some of the mar- 
kets we've gone to have been 
milked to Lhe bone prior to us 
even going on sale.” 

Since Traffic began touring 
last month, most of the theaters 
it has performed in have been 
less than half fulL 


SALES 


SPRING SUMMER 
COLLECTION 


FROM JUNE 21' 


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5, PLACE DE L'ALM A, PARIS 8 EHE 


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There are more than 

dred tours to rchoose frein 1 ^ 
summer, a few of them 'cfaar'— 
more than SI 00 a ticket? 
concotgoers are 
When the Ro_«, 

their $25-to-$50 ti 

in selected cities last 
sales were said to besknroth& 
expected. 

TheRnTHn u ^ 
fic aim*t the onl 
the pinch. A - 

John concert 
can c el e d and 

in Buffalo was mowed* tioM* 
smaller site because “of .S©*t' 
ticket sales. .V , 

Peter Gabriel’s travdmg^uw^ 
sic and art fesdvaL . : 

cried several planned/sl^Si^F 
also switched to smafler 
in New Yoik and Los An^ff:-- 
after tickets went on sa£3fe . 

ibis is an unusual yeacbifcjT 
cause there are so maty ^SfcC' 
om shows,” said Bob-'Griafci:. 
wemcr. New Yorkbureati'c®,'' 
the concert 
Perfonnance. “We're 
see blockbuster records m4eriD»iS 
of money, but when' vosi-add^-1 
up at the end of the stHmh^- " 
attendance might be down^.:T : :^ 










'Hr- 

} -‘M£ 































* * 



International Herald Tribune , Tuesday, June 21. 1994 


Page 9 




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THE TRIB INDEX: 110 

International Herald Tribune World Stock index ©, composed of 
280 internationally JnvestaWe stocks from 25 countries, compiled 
by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1, 1992 => 100. 

120 



1993 

1994 

1993 1994 

H North America 


Latin America 

Appro*- weighting: 2B% 
Close: 82.70 Prw.: 9117 
icn 

HI 

Appro* weighing: 5% EgBBI 

Close: 11184 Prev. 11S14 



-4w . .^flCAKAV 

1 ^ 


F ;; -'<1 
**■*'* ■ 


J F M A 

M J 

J F M A M J 


IBM 


1993 


$$ Worti Index 

The note tracks U.S. doBar values of stocks *r Tokyo. Nm York, London, and 
ArganthM, Australia, Austria, Bofghim. Brad, Canada, Chita, Danmark. Bn fend, 
Franco, Germany, Hong Kong, Maly. Mwfco, Methortands, Now Zeatand. Norway, 
Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Swttmrtand and Vanezuata. For Tokyo. Now York and 
Union, no Index it composed of (ha SO top issuers In terms rf market capnaOzasksi. 
otherwise the ten top stocks am Meted. 


| Indtistriaf Sectors : j 


■on. Pm* % 


Mon. 

nm s 


dots tkm ctangt 


data 

dam drag* 

Energy 

109.79 11050 -1.00 

CapRti Goods 

112.89 

114.41 -153 

UHBflas 

1I&G0 117S7. -1.16 

Raw Materials 

12193 

12624 -1.83 

Finance 

115.13 11R96 -156 

Conuner Goods 

97.64 

9859 -0.76 

Services 

11559 11651 -1.04 

Wscdbneous 

123.38 

124.73 -1.08 

For more k^ormabon about the index, a booklet is avadaUefmol charge. 

Write lo Trib Index, 181 Avenue Chartes de Gatrie. 8252f Neu&y Cedex, Fiance. 


Justices 
Clear Tax 
System 

'Unitary’ Riding 

Backs California 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

WASHINGTON — Ameri- 
can states can continue to tax 
multinational corporations on 
the basis of their worldwide op- 
erations, the Supreme Court 
ruled Monday in a decision that 
could bring foreign retaliation. 

The court declared constitu- 
tional California's worldwide 
“unitary” method of taxation, 
ending a long legal battle with 
an estimated $4 billion at stake. 

The highest U.S. court, by a 
7-to-2 vole; rejected a challenge 
against the controversial taxing 
method, which takes into ac- 
count a foreign-based multina- 
tional corporation's operations 
outside the state. 

Under the unitary tax sys- 
tem, California had collected 
taxes from multinational com- 
panies based on the proportion 
of their worldwide property, 
payroll and sales activities in 
the state. 

In contrast, most other states 
and the U.S. government base 
such taxes on a percentage of 
jjrofits reported within their 


Appetite for Oil in Asia 

Growing Thirst to Boost Prices for Decade 


By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — Asia's rapidly increasing 
thirst for energy to fuel its economic growth 
has become the major factor behind ihe rise in 
world oil prices, industry officials and ana- 
lysts say, 

A recent study by the East-West Center in 
Honolulu shows that Asia's projected de- 
mand for oil Will rise to nearly 20 million 
barrels a day by 2000 from the' 14.7 million 
barrels consumed daily in 1993. 

At this rate the region, which overtook 
Europe as the No. 2 oil market in 1990. will 
surpass the United States as the leading oil 
consumer by the end of the decade. 

Since 1990, Asian demand has added near- 
ly 3 million barrels a day to global oil con- 
sumption. In 1993. while world oil demand is 
estimated to have declined by around 200,000 
barrels a day because of recession and in- 


creased energy efficiency in industrialized na- 
tions, Asia consumed ah additional 600,000 
barrels a day. 

“The center of gravity of the world oil 
market has shifted to Asia,” said Fereidun 
Fesharaki, director of the center's program on 
resources, which conducted the study. “Asia 
will remain the key to supporting the world 
oil market" for the rest of the 1990s, he said. 

The Organization of Arab Petroleum Ex- 
porting Countries based in Cairo has issued a 
similar forecast, saying that Asian consump- 
tion has made the region the main factor in a 
growing global demand for oil. 

Analysts said most of Asia's oil imports 
would have to come from Gulf producers, 
who control the bulk of the world's proven 
reserves of 1 trillion barrels. Asian nations 
account for only 4.5 percent of those reserves. 

Yet Leonard J. Scbuman. director of mar- 

See OIL, Page 13 


British Steel 
Sues EU Over 
State Subsidies 


Dollar’s Woes Defy Gurus 


© InteimtfpnaJ Herald Tribune 


lets. 

The state tax, which dates 
back several decades, was sig- 
nificantly scaled back in 1988 
and then was essentially re- 
pealed by Calif ornia last year. 

The ruling means that Cali- 
fornia does not have to refund 
an estimated $4 billion in taxes 
collected from multinationals 
under the unitary tax system 

Challenging the law in the 
Supreme Court were Barclays 
Bank PLC and Colgate-Palm- 
olive Co., which has foreign 
subsidiaries operating in more 
than 50 countries. 

A number of foreign govern- 
ments, including the 12 Europe- 
an Union member states, as 
well as Australia, Canada and 
Japan, supported Barclays in a 
bid to get the tax overturned. 

(Reuters, AFP ) 


By Carl Gewirtz 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — As European stock and bond prices 
tumbled Monday, pulling down the U.S. dollar 
as well, analysts warned that the destruction of 
wealth from declining asset prices risked weak- 
ening the Continent's economic recovery just as 
it got under way. 

The dollar fell at one point to 1 .5965 Deutsche 
marks, an eight-month low. It ended trading in 
Europe up slightly, at 1.5987 DM, and closed in 
New York a 1 .5995 DM, little changed from a 
close on Friday in New York at 1.6095 DM. 

The combination of better German growth 
prospects amid a continuing decline in inflation 
is leading to a “re-rating of the Deutsche mark," 
said NeD MacKinnon, Citicorp's London-based 
currency strategist. Not least, the political risk 
premium that had weighed on the mark has also 
largely been lifted following the unexpected 
strength of Chancellor Helmut Kohl's Christian 
Democrats in last week's election for the Europe- 
an Parliament. 

“What we’re seeing now is large liquidation of 
dollar positions," said Christopher Potts at Ban- 
que Indosuez in Paris. “The consensus is not just 
skeptical about the dollar’s future, it's outright 
bearish with a fall to the low l.50s against the 
mark now becoming the new consensus ." 

Mr. Potts also talked about forced liquidation 
of positions. “Risk-management constraints are 
forcing people holding dollars at a loss to close 
them out," he said. 


But most worrisome is the fall in European 
asset prices. Ian Amsiad at Bankers Trust in 
London warned that “sooner or later the destruc- 
tion of wealth from the fall in European bond 
and stock prices this year will have an effect on 
growth.” 

William Dudley of Goldman Sachs in New 
York said that the bigger immediate threat to 
growth prospects was the rise in real interest 
rates. 

One glimmer that this may soon be reversed 
came from Roland Scharff ’ at BHF Bank in 
Frankfurt. He sees the Aug. I introduction of 
money-market funds in Germany pulling enough 
money out of time and savings deposits to signif- 
icantly reduce the growth of the M-3 measure of 
money supply so that the Bundesbank can con- 
tinue to reduce short-term rates. 

He expects the discount rate, now 43 percent, 
to be at 4 percent by the end of the year and bond 
market yields sharply lower as investors rush 
back into higher yielding bonds by early autumn. 

But for now, increasingly, the talk is of bub- 
bles bursting. First was the huge sell-off in bond 
prices. That is feeding a decline in equity prices 
and now contributing to the dollar's retreat 

At the start of the year, there was a broad 
consensus about how markets would develop: 

• European bond prices could only rise as 

See DOLLAR, Page 10 


Compiled fy Our Staff From Dispatches 

LONDON — Britain's big- 
gest steel producer, British Steel 
PLC, which returned to profit 
in Fiscal 1994, said Monday it 
would lake legal action aimed 
at curbing state subsidies to Eu- 
ropean competitors. 

The formerly state-owned 
company said it would ask the 
European Coun in Strasbourg 
to annul the commission's re- 
cent authorization of further 
state subsidies to Ilva SpA of 
Italy and the Corp. de la Sider- 
urgia Integral of Spain. 

British Steel said it main- 
tained that the commission 
should not have applied Article 
95 of the European Coal and 
Steel Community Treaty in 
these cases and should, instead, 
have insisted on the full and 
proper enforcement of the Steel 
Aid Code. 

“British Steel argues that it 
cannot be expected to continue 
to operate in a so-called 'single 
European market' in which, in 
practice, different cultures ex- 
ist. On the one hand, as in Brit- 
ain where steel producers oper- 
ate without slate aid and, on the 
other, where illegal aid is pro- 
vided with an expectation that 
it will be authorized by the com- 
mission.*' it said in a statement. 

Bruno Julien, spokesman for 
the EU competition commis- 
sioner, Karel van Miert, ex- 
pressed surprise at the move. 

Mr. Julien said there was no 
question of the legality of the 
Commission's plan, which al- 
lows subsidies in return for ca- 
pacity cuts, because it was 
agreed to by the industry minis- 
ters of all EU member states 
during their regular council 
meetings. 

“It’s not the first time that 
people have gone to court to 
contest a Commission deci- 
sion," he said. “But this deci- 
sion has been made unanimous- 
ly by the council. 

“When the council unani- 


mously decides that subsidies 
can be allowed, they can be al- 
lowed,” he said rating the Euro- 
pean Coal and Steel Treaty. 

Mr. Julien said the autboriza- 
lion of state subsidies to Ilva 
and CSI must be seen “in the 
context of the whole industry" 
and the commission's plan to 
cut total EU capacity for fin- 
ished steel by 19 million metric 
tons. 

“The subsidies are in return 
for cuts, with strict monitor- 
ing,” he said. ~So it's a plus for 
other producers as well. Don’t 
forget, the British industry has 
been helped before, with subsi- 
dies worth billions of Ecu in the 
80s. 

British Steel also reported a 
return to the black, in line with 
analysts’ expectations, with 
pretax profits in the year to 
April 30 at £80 million ($121 
million), compared with losses 
of £149 mill inn the previous 
year. 

British Steel said that despite 
the “difficult European com- 
petitive scene,” it had “success- 
fully reversed the losses of the 
past two years using its product 
range, competitive cost base 
and marketing strengths to dis- 
tance itself from key competi- 
tors.” 

The company announced 
sales had risen 6.6 percent to 
£5.32 billion from £4.99 billion 
in 1992-93. The dividend rose to 
2 pence from 1 pence, while 
earnings per share were 3.45 
pence, after a loss of 6.50 pence 
the previous year. 

The company’s main markets 
are Britain and the EU, which 
last year accounted for about 80 
percent of sales. About 5 per- 
cent of sales are made lo the 
United States. 

British Steel said the continu- 
ing recession in western Europe 
meant that trading conditions 
during the year were never easy. 

(AFP, Bloomberg, AFX) 


Thinking Ahead /Commentary 


It’s Time to Keep Calm About Inflation 


-ASHINGTON — Suddeni; 
the world economy is 1 




By Reginald Dale 

International Herald Tribune 

W ! 

Log better than it has for a 
Longtime. Recovery is at last 
starring to spread more widely through 
the industrial world, and the threat of 
inflation is still below the horizon. 

Indeed, many economists believe the 
industrial countries could be heading 
into 10 years of steady low inflation, the 
longest such period since the 1950s. 

The economists’ optimistic forecasts 
have not stopped an outbreak of infla- 
tion jitters in financial markets as the 
pickup in growth begins to look stronger, 
particularly ini Continental Europe. 

But those concerns have been sparked 
less by rational analysis than by knee- 
jerk "reactions to day-to-day events. In 
the risk of a costly conflict with North 
Korea and in the latest spurt in commod- 
ity prices, the markets see the seeds of 
future infla tion. 

The markets are overreacting Political 
leaders are right to try to calm these 
fears, as they have in recent days. If we 
are really to have a prolonged period of 
low inflation, it is important to defuse 
the inflationary expectations that them- 
selves fan the inflationary fires. 

That task might to be somewhat .easier 
than in the past New anti-inflationary 
forces are being unleashed by the global 
economy, and there are plenty of more 
conventional reasons the recovery 
should be less inflationary than many of 
its predecessors. 


One is that the upturn will probably be 
relatively mild. Writing in the latest 
Lloyds Bank economic bulletin, Patrick 
Foley, the bank’s chief economic adviser, 
calculated that growth in the Group of 
Seven leading industrial countries was 
likely to stay below the long-term trend 
rate for the next 10 years. 

That so-called “output gap ” Mr. Fo- 
ley said, should help to keep inflation 
down. So should the heightened credibil- 
ity of monetary policy in many countries, 
thanks to the tougher stand against infla- 
tion that governments and central banks 
have taken in recent years. 

With the use of an indicator concocted 
from growth and interest rates, Mr. Fo- 
ley concluded, unsurprisingly, that U.S. 
and European monetary polities were 
tight more often than loose in the 1980s 
— in contrast to the 1970s or the 1960s. 

In other words, he said, monetary au- 
thorities have become more hostile to 
inflation despite the high and persistent 
unemployment in most major economies 
during the 1980s. That trend is likely to 
be reinforced as a number of countries, 
especially in Europe, give greater inde- 
pendence to their central banks. 

Increasing global competition is work- 
ing in the same direction. Cheap exports 
from developing countries have still 
made only small inroads into most in- 
dustrial countries’ markets. But they are 
having an impact on world prices. 

Since 1980. prices of manufactured 
exports, which are particularly affected 
try international competition, have risen 


much more slowly than consumer prices 
in general. 

Even the hiLberto protected service 
sector, the major source of inflation in 
recent years, is going the same way. Pri- 
vatization, deregulation and new' tech- 
nologies are all opening up service mar- 
kets, particularly for financial services, 
and in some services productivity is im- 
proving at an unprecedented rate. These 
trends can only accelerate. 

AH this is happening when longer-term 
prospects for raw-materials prices look 
relatively stable, despite the latest uptick, 
and unemployment in most industrial 
countries is likely to remain high. 

Excepl in the United States and, to a 
lesser extent, Germany, unemployment 
in the G-7 countries is well above the 
point at which labor shortages start to 
exert inflationary pressure on wages. 
And in Europe at least, that point is not 
likely to be reached soon. 

But it's not just in the industrial coun- 
tries that inflation is on the wane. Ac- 
cording to International Monetary Fund 
projections, consumer prices will contin- 
ue to fall sharply in both the developing 
and the ex-communist countries over 
the next 18 months. 

Mr. Foley says the stage is set not only 
for a lengthy period of low inflation, bui 
for one of low interest rales too. In a 
world of low inflation, he said, once 
expectations have adjusted, interest rates 
could safely be allowed to return to lower 
levels. The first priority is to get those 
expectations down. 


Acme since l'Hb in llie iulcriiaiimiai gun indnsirx. 


War. de Krmirr in I’liiinliiiilU developing iln ierliui»lu"\ 


mi«i services ui home and abroad. A pipeline neiwnrk 


which has grown nix-fulrl in forty years, a (list riliu r ion 


network increased bv 3.500 km in WQ: Gnz de France 


exports ilii.n know-how iu German). Kimsiu and 


countries u> di-aaiii as Ruliviu and 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 



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5. Afr. road 143S2 
S-Kor-won 809 A0 
SwoUerao) 77385 
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Thai MM 25.18 

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UABdirtaxn 16727 
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Bunk base rote 
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■cornanr.’. -mm. 
PMMStarite LS3H U383 

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Swtatlraae 1.343* 1X438 


Dimwit rata 
coa money 
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■urremly run mini i inp m inipnnani projects in the 


I’nwetl State* and f'unnda. Providing 




Gaz 

de France, 
a company built 

on performance. 


a safe, reliable an* 


suppJx is only part 


of the story. G«z de France goes 


fttnhrr. offe- 


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in euerpy conservui ion. 


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<41 

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39235 

+ 6.10 

13943 

139*2 

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Bannony 



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39130 

389 JO 

+ 145 

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10130 

10137 

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630 

630 

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394.90 

390.90 

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saorcas/IHS tkmttAtt^mrdaoUl^ 

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(Toronto)/ IMP fSORI. Other Ada from Room** onoaf. 


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i-rooatt hitartoatc 
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i-msalh Intertww 
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535 505 

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7.19 7.12 


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btXi iPrtcb and Ren VJrt openina and uos-. 
tnoprfcns; flew York Comas lAveusti 
Source: Reuters. 


and iniiniiia. Bccaii-*.* for C»az de Friiict. 


perroniutnce al»u incutis comribiiiin^ 


In the amid of all. 









MARKETS: On a Downhill Run 


Continued from Page 1 

as U.S. laws and corporate poli- 
cy force Americans to manage 
their own savings instead of de- 
pending on stodgy pension 
funds whose managers followed 
markets cautiously instead of 
trying to lead them over the top. 

“This is not a massive panic 
with huge turnover like 1987," 
said Bert Jansen, European eq- 
uity strategist with Paribas 
Capital Markets, in speaking of 
the slide on the continent "This 

U.S. Stocks ' 

is more like Chinese water tor- 
ture with losses of 2 to 3 percent 
every week.” What is more, 
while those weekly losses are 
substantial, they continue to 
come on very low trading vol- 
umes. 

Brian Venables, a bond ana- 
lyst for Credit Lyonnais in Lon- 
don, had a simple explanation 
for the lack of panic selling. 
“There is nowhere for investors 
to go," he said, pointing out 
that short-term European inter- 
est rates are low enough to rule 
out cash as an alternative and 
that the equities market has tak- 
en its lead from bonds tumbling 
in tandem with debt instru- 
ments. 

Nigel Richardson, head of 
bond research at Yamaichi In- 
ternational termed it a typical 
Pavlovian response. Every time 
U.S. bond prices “go up, down 
or sideways, European bonds 
follow," he said. 

Other analysts insisted that 
in spite of the huge declines in 
many European debt and equi- 


DOLLAR: Expectations Defied 


Continued from Page 9 
short-term interest rates contin- 
ued to fall due to the ongoing 
recession. 

• European equity prices 
could only go higher as the fall 
in interest rates fostered a re- 
covery. 

• The combination of inter- 
est rates falling in Europe and 

Foreign Exchange 

rising in the United Stales 
would drive the dollar to over 
1.80 DM. 

But all these scenarios were 
wrong. 

The first of the bubbles to 
burst was European bond mar- 
kets. Growth prospects have 
appeared much more favorable 
than anticipated, suggesting 
that central banks will have less 
need to lower money market 
rates. 

As a result, bond prices have 
fallen sharply. Yields, which 


move inversely to prices, now- 
stand at 7.19 percent on 10-year 
German government debt, 
compared with 5.6 percent at 
the start of the year. 

Although expressing surprise 
that Washington did not inter- 
vene to support the dollar on 
Monday, foreign exchange ana- 
lysts supposed that officials 
were reluctant to try to stop a 
move driven by favorable fun- 
damentals. 

By contrast, analysts do ex- 
pect officials to intervene if it 
appears that the dollar is about 
to fall below 100 yen. The dollar 
closed at 101.900 yen in New 
York on Monday, down from 
102.690 yen on Friday. 

Against other currencies, the 
dollar slumped to 1.3493 Swiss 
fr a nr* in New York from a 
close at 1.3552 francs on Friday 
and to 5.4670 French francs 
from 5.5005 francs. The pound 
rose to Sl.5368 from SI. 5345. 


•/in Aiioao'od 


ty markets, the reality on the 
trading desks remained surpris- 
ingly dull. Mr. Jansen noted 
that there were now tentative 
signs that retail investors were 
beginning to panic, but said he 
had yet to see any wholesale 
dumping of securities 

Buyers persuaded by months 
of declines that there is no point 
in buying today whai will be 
cheaper tomorrow get most of 
the blame for the rout. Even low 
volumes of selling have been ; 
enough to produce major de- i 
dines since the few institutions 
still in the market can afford to 
be patient. 

Most analysis continued to 
insist that securities prices have 
been pushed too low and that 
the markets are ignoring such 
key fundamentals as improved 
earning* prospects in the case 
of stocks and subdued inflation 
in the case of bonds. 

The insatiable appetile for 
bad news, the analysts said is in 
every way the mirror opposite 
of the bull market that raged 
throughout last year and into 
early 1994. “This is no panic," 
said Holger Fahrinkrug. senior 
economist at UBS in Frankfurt. 
“What we are seeing in bonds is 
futures driven with very little 
actual cash selling." 

Among broader U.S. market 
indexes, the Standard & Poor's 
500 Index fell 2.97 to 455.48. 
Chemicals, regional banks, oils, 
financials and semiconductors 
posted the largest losses. 

More than 17 stocks fell for 
every five that rose on the New 
York Slock Exchange. Volume 
slumped to 229 million from 
373.4 million on Fridav. 


The Djow 


Daily closings of the 
Dow Jones industrial average 

4000 ' 



D J F M A M J 
1993 •• 1994 


NYSE Mes? Actives 


Compoas Mm 

PdilftAr SI*-. 

Olicaro 
TdMev 
GenEls 
PetmC 
R JR Nob 
GnMatr 
Unisys 
Merck 
CocaO 

ClobM 
Qvyslr 
Molorla s 
IBM 


NASDAQ Most Actives 


High 

Lew 

Last 

otg. 

U'q 

37'-i 

33’g 



J9V. 


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<0>Ti 

39', 

39>, 


56’, 

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J7 


— ** 


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— "a 

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53 

53', 

— *v 

9*6 

7 


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31 

30'.- 

31 

- \ 4 

JOL, 


40 

-** 

41'a 

4': 

44 4 

l.J 


47* a 





46 



61*. 

41'« 

—'a 



VOL 

High 

LOW 

Lava 

Cho. 

IDBCms 

61488 

S’* 

JVl 

7«v . 

— .'n 


34305 

I5»» 

IJ'i 


— i a 

MiCStl s 

27974 

53' , 

55‘. 


+ t.j 

MesaAr 

25433 

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74742 

59' • 

50 L , 




23351 


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— 1 ° 



48': 

45’." 

4fi'< 

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16 

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Apple"; 

17848 

27'. 

26 

2?‘-u 

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14873 261* 
IJ331 2S'j 
14JB2 36'-. 
I 4012 I5 1 « 


AMEX Most Actives 



VOL 

won 

LOW 

Lost 

cnmSfi s 

38035 

Pi 

7" , 

”, 

Ho-jjro 

10187 

28 l. 

29' » 

20' : 

Vloca Wt 

9444 

3M 

79i, 

3D'. 

E.PLA 

8809 

l‘V 

Pi 

1 >i 

Echoflov 

*790 

IP. 

10*. 

tl 

RovaiO a 

4*51 

Jl. 

4-^ 

4’. 

AmtJhl 

£9*1 

6*9 

*'■ 

6‘* 

ViocB 

7903 

30-'. 

JO’-. 

2V* 

ivoxCp 

MOO 

1 6‘ . 

15’. 

15'. 

GttCdaa 

7*73 

J 4 * 

3'/ 

)'■ 


Martlet Sales 

Todar 
4 pjn. 

NYSE Kff.U 

Amo i&jfl 

Nasdaa 714.29 

In millions. 


Dow Jones Averages 

Open High low Lott Org. 

j Indus 3741 4a 3774 72 3~ 3 55 3)41 00 —MM 

Tror.'i 1643 SO 1157.4.: I&32.5C 1*41.59 — 10 01 

1 util 191.72 irc.il 190.0’ in.tt —1X5 
CBYiO 1305.7: I3178S m3 IT J3C174— 11.1! 

I 

Standard & Poor's Indexes 


High Low Clou Ch*c 
imsusirlais 533.01 57868 Sff.97 — 3X4 

Tronic. 3W.2I 395J5 W.?» —ISO 

Utilities 1S&.41 155.11 15151—0.90 

Finance <4.13 *580 45X9-054 

SP £00 458.45 45464 455.48 — 2.97 

I SP 100 424.07 420X0 431X8 — 269 


NYSE Indexes 


High Low Last Ota. 

Composite 25129 250X5 251.40 —>.99 

Industrials 311.49 3CB.78 309-41 —3.08 

Tran SO. 750.84 248 40 74858 —126 

Uf.liTV 202.31 20540 205.77 -\M 

Finance 717.41 214.79 21505 — £3* 


NASDAQ Indexes 


High Law Last dig. 
Composite 723.19 71639 71539—10.94 

Industrials 734.0J 729.65 7TJ.M-I072 

Banks ’59.18 755-82 755.98 —5.95 

Insure!** 914.95 913.17 915.17 -J 9.35 

Finance 939.71 933.77 933.77— >113 

Tronsp. 690.17 682.47 683.74 -11 JO 


AMEX Stock Index 

High Law Last CM. 
ifflJi 435.66 436.19 —4.07 

Dow Jones Bond Averages 


20 Bands 
ID Utilities 
ID Indus! rials 


I NYSE Diary 


Advanced 
Oechnca 
Uncnanoed 
Total issues 
NewHtons 
New Lows 


! AMEX Diary 


Advanced 
Defined 
urcnanaeo 
Telal issues 
New Higns 
New Lows 


Close ClfK 

98.10 —029 

94J6 — 0.45 

10U5 -M3 


495 7*9 

1751 1479 

S79 630 

282 5 2828 

15 47 

83 42 


173 MB 

393 336 

220 242 

786 83* 

9 19 

33 19 


NASDAQ Diary 


Advanced 

Declined 

UlKJ'UlWC 

Taioi issues 
New Hans 
New Lows 


1032 14*J 

2719 1637 

iBoa i95a 
SMI 5050 
49 9* 

175 «V 


Spot Commodities 

Commodity Today 

Aluminum. 10 0656 

CoHee. Braz-ID 177 

Cooper electrolytic, lb 1.15 

Iron FOB. ton 21100 

Lead, lb o J* 

Silver, trey oz 5*95 

Steel I sc mo ). ion 138-00 

Tin. lb 1771 

Zinc, lb 0 4736 


EUROPEAN FUTUBES 

Metals 

Close Previous 

Bid Att BU ASk 

ALUMINUM (High Crate) 

Sr" f ”®‘l«55D I44TJ0 
pSword 10400 147100 M7M0 WXM 

i COPPER CATHODES t High Orate) 

2437 J0 343100 

'Forward 2m00 2439J0 24*M0 244600 

LEAD 

562130 543J0 

ttarwarn 564M 364S) 559 JO 36000 

NICKEL _ . 

Wtar»pe r| «Mc*» 4WLnQ M4U0 iASaM 
“Swnl ASKM isai» ts&a> AMMO 

TIN 

558600 S5KD0 

Forward 567000 568100 566000 566SJX 

ziHCrSwtToimsb Grate) 

DuHarePwmemetoii „ 

Scot 99SJ0 99400 98400 «U» 

Forward 102000 1071 JO KJC9J0 IOWA) 

Financial 

High Low Ciese Chons* 

UftONTH STERLING (UFFE) 

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XMONTH EURODOLLARS IUFFE) 

SI mlinao -PtS of IWP* atma -- 

9488 9488 9489 —M2 

94,13 94.13 9415 —OW 

2E. 9191 ?3S0 9191 

5£f N.T. N.T. *181 -M7 

Sip N.T. N.T. 933* —M5 

Est. volume: 207: Oral interest: i53£ 
j 3- MONTH EUROMARKS (UFFE) 

0M1 mimon - p*» of 1B8 pO 
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CM W8J 94-73 9478 —010 

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jS, -MS 

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J git. volume; M4JB40pen W.: 873*63. 
3-MONTH PIBOR CMATIFJ 

B - ■“or*ws 9« -aw 

s£ Mil? 9X78 9187 -U4 

Mr 93J8 93JP 9X48 — 031 

jSw 93J5 9207 9216 —03 

93116 9282 9291 -03 

i£c YIN 9259 9262 — 

Mar 9260 92X2 9246 — 227 

Jun 9230 9224 92ZT —020 

Est. volume: 107J97. Open W.: 182770 
LONG OILT IUFFE) 

tsaooo - ms & mat of 10 a pa 

Jun 100-08 9FU 99-16 -}■« 

M 99-11 9701 98-19 —1-06 

^ N.T. N.T. 97-19 -1-06 

git. volume: 74967. Open tat: (207% 
GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND [UFFE) 
DM 238.000 -ptl of 100 pet 
Sep 9073 >9.91 9033 — 078 

S£ 9030 msi R9A5 -081 

Esi. volume: 169^29. Open InL: 157702 
lb-TEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS (MATIF7 

1I2K -0M 

Dec 111 JO 111.00 111.94 —094 

Mar 11DL7A 11074 111.14 — 1 M 

jS N.T. N.T. N.T. Uneii. 

EsL volume: 300652 Ooen tat.: 123JS7. 

Industrials 

Htan Low Last Sente ait* 
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April, ^Wacquircd ^ 
Hollywood Reporter. . „ ; _ : .. 

Bear Stearns Staes CBent4*fAsluh^ 

u 


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Per Amt Pay tec 
IRREGULAR 


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_ 27 7-12 7-2* 


that Bear Steams carncooct r . 

Bear Steams said Urogestioa ri' SU: 

U^mIiIi ii ilrfMihnil tie fr-”* 

Chapter 11 of the XJJS. Baokrug^ Cc^c ^ . 

mortgage-backed securities maiket : 




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REDUCED 

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mrriAi. 

Essex Prop Tr - -JJJ 7-iS 

; Motevtan Bancshs - -Iff 6-20 6-30 

REGULAR 


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Q 2S 7-1 7-15 

Q 28 7-5 T-Z7 


o-ansoaf; p-uuyuMe In Cn u ad l o n ttmMs m- 
. DMolUy; Q-q u raert y ; vsend-armiol 


Philip Morris: A Tobacco Man , and Smoker , Takes Reins 


Reuters 

NEW YORK —The surprise 
shift in the executive suite of 
Philip Morris Cos. underscores 
the consumer-products giant's 
commitment to tobacco and 
signals an end to squabbles 
about splitting the company, 
analysts said Monday. 

“The chances that they arc 
going to split the company into 


tobacco and foods are probably 
lessened to nonexistent.'' one 
trader said. 

Philip Morris announced 
Sunday the resignation of Mi- 
chael Miles. 53. the chairman 
and chief executive officer. It 
named as president and chief 
executive Geoffrey Bible. 56, 
the head of worldwide tobacco 
operations. R. William Murray. 


58. the head of world food oper- 
ations, was named chairman. 

The company's stock was up 
50 cents to S50.S75 in trading 
Monday on the New York 
Stock Exchange. 

Analysts applauded Mr. Bi- 
ble's elevation. 

“The board realizes it is a 
tobacco company, they better 
have a tobacco guy running it-** 


said an analyst with Sanford 
Bernstein, Gary Black. 

Mr. MBes had been the first 
nonsmoker to run Philip Mor- 
ris. and he never fully won the 
confidence of the company. 

Mr. Black said he expected 
the new top men to put out the 
word that two questions hang- 
ing over the industry are 
— taxes and liability. 


Apple GoesOn-iJi^ 

CUPERTINO, California (Reuter) -H 
said Monday h had launched eWorld, 
of Macintosh computers and Apple s 

information and other services, y - 
Apple computer owdcts will navig^-toro ugh 
sernces by clicking, and pointing onto 
“town square.” /> 

Kemper 

NEW YORK (Knight-Ridda) 
rience steady, txmmflztionary growth, wme a- 
ments in durable 

fund managers at Kemper Mutual Fngdssdd .Mtawtoff A~‘ • - •« 

As the economy improves, e oa sumrea will 
durables and leisure-time 
capital investments on technok^yto 

For the Record 

Comcast Carp, wants to raise STOOmflUdyi freka babaks 
fund its planned SIJZ7 hOkn purchase of 

properties of Madean Hunter Ud^ ' 4 %?*“•’- 

Loral Fedoid Systow-Orego, a ^ytsfem Of N^-Yoikrbasctt,,- 
Loral Corpw, said it won aJ 519 minkm -cb idiact ^fetg 
for dectronics used in the 767 Airborne 

. ThrAssodated Pita .- 

LOS ANGELES— ^c^dcmxhittekt6ieU % 
a gross of S18J2 milli on over die weekend. Folhjwn ^ar e tire 
10 moneymakers, based on Friday ticket s al es a n d esrimaied s&3-|' ^ 
for Saturday and Sunday. , T - 

L-W0M- KMumUaJ - .'.VI 

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Sydney 

Amcor 9.1* 9 JO 

ANZ 3.91 4.04 

BHP 1S-SJ 1857 

Bara I 338 X49 

Bouftolnvllle 038 0-83 
Cain iwver 425 437 

Camolaa 535 535 

CRA 1822 18.40 

CSR 471 460 

Fosters Brow 137 138 
Goodmtxi Field 136 136 
ICI Australia 10.92 1137 
Megaton 1.91 1.95 

MIM 337 3JM 

Nat Amt Bank 1038 10.94 
News Carp 856 883 

Nine Network 429 435 
N Broken Hill X47 X44 
POC Dunlop 424 426 

Pioneer Inn 177 2.92 
Nmndy PflMMon 122 224 
OCT Resources 152 154 
Santos 199 193 

TNT 238 234 

Western Mining 028 835 
Westpoc Bonking 434 435 
wooasMe 476 460 

All erdtaOrtMtode* : 2934*9 
Previous : 705130 




ii|~i A. 





: l j joe 



eurur 


Banco do Brasil 4150 41 

Banespa 19.9s 1950 

BraOMcn 153D 15.10 

Brarima 565 555 

CamlB is?.#* m 

Eletrabm 514 405 

itaubanco 490WIR} 

U tetl 5*0 545 

Par an a ponet u a 40 40 

PrtrubrtH 250 265 

SauTpCrw 13350 17800 

Tetebres 90 92 

Tetesa 815 835 

Usiminas 160 258 

vale RIO Doa 254. m 24750 

VarlB 235 NA 

Bevespa Indat .• 32378 

Prevtaus : m/6 


Singapore 

Caratws B fl 

city Duv. 6.90 750 

DBS 1L10 11.10 

Fraser Heave 1820 1070 
GenHng 1190 1850 

Geuten Hone Pi 251 259 
Haw Par 114 110 

Hume industries 550 5J0 
InctaCOP* 56» S35 

Kacoei 11.10 11.10 

KL Keoons 170 166 

Lum Clang 1 AS 149 

Malayan Banka BJ0 830 
0C8C foretan 1330 1330 
OUB 6.10 6.15 

OUE 830 650 

Setnbawono 1150 1150 
Shanorlla 535 535 

SI me Darby 4 402 

SIAfaroton 1220 1220 
Steare Land 7.55 740 
SlPar* Press 1530 15.90 
SIneSfeamsMp US 390 
VpereTeieoHnm 340 340 
Straits Trod I no 376 376 
UOB to retan 1230 12 

U0L 220 120 


Stockholm 


AGA 
Asm a 
Astro A 
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63 67 

574 590 
151 IS 
8730 9030 
348 367 




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Est. soles 7300 Frt's. scles 14316 
Fri'saoenlnt 60.751 off ;«? 

WHEAT CKBOT) SHI 61 irvurun- ddnir tuni 

1 S3 397 A494 339 339«r 1»W 1 jl'Jr-aU'v :u37 

liS^l 3QJ-4iSeo94 3J9 IdH. £32 U 1 .— £ 11 ". 7.736 

1*0 317*9 Dec 94 £47 349 1« lO'5-fl.ll'V *434 

339'i 325 Mar 95 349 149 '1 141 141 — (LlS'is 1JD7 

146b 121 tv May 95 135 -ill 22 

131V, 1229i Alt 95 330 330 326 326 -Oil S 

Est sates MLA. Fn’s. sates 5.173 

Frisnoeflklt 2428V up 198 

CORN CC80T1 MaHimiinun. 0 Mnwai«W 

11*1- 2.41 Jut 94 £74 ZJi in ’.j £71'*— 312 79.771 

192'Vi 240W5en94 £71 £72 £67 £67 -0.12 4X312 

177 22*16 Dec 94 165 HTn £63 £63 -0.12 114*57 

£82 “j £48% MOT 95 2JD 2J3 168«i £6816-0.0 12*719 

£85 £53 Mavf5£73<6 £76 £71 V* £714-312 £121 

£85% £54 Jut 95 2J«* £77»j £72 £72*4-012 3487 

J.70V5 7-55 Sac 95 £63 £63 £SB £59 —0.11 119 

£63 £43 Dec*s £58 £58 151 1S2>*— MB'- £602 

ESI. sates 47jm Fil's. sales 78.701 

Fri'sanen Int 261.976 up 8697 

SOYBEANS (CBOT) URtvmWrani.aolniwrniM 

7 JO 594 V* Jut 94 6JO 63Th 681 681 -030 3SJ20 

735 628 Aug 94 690 671 67B I 6 t7BV,_JU0 20.714 

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7JJV, SJ5VSNCW94 673 6J5 6*5 665 -0J3 7£5H 

104 613 Jan 95 674 679 6*9 6*9 — 030 6.1 n 

7.05 618 Mar 95 674 682 672 W. 67Tta-£30 SJB7 

7.05V, 621 MavtS 680 683 674 674 —030 24171 

74MV9 £24 Jilt 95 680V, 68* 674 674 — IL30 24147 

650V, 5jmttov95 £21 £26 £19 £22 -<H7Vi 1^54 

Est. sales 454)00 FrYs-solm 70.105 

Fri'SDpenM 162J 92 up S157 

SOYBEAN MEAL (CBOH JOO tons- eMaranv ton 

230-00 18620 Jul 9* 20080 21X150 19600 19670 -920 2X582 

22180 1BS.OOAU094 19B50 20100 19700 197.10 -900 18572 

21000 18X10 SOP 94 19690 20050 19690 19600 — I0J30 11*58 

20750 imoooctw 196M 19950 19620 19620 —HUB 6417 

2S8JK1 17680 Dec 94 J96M 179.90 19630 19630 —10.08 21^24 

207 JO l76fflJan95 1V£J0 20000 19640 196D — 10J30 TJ70 

207 JO 181 80 Mar 95 19670 200.00 19670 19670 — 1CLOO 1433 

207.00 IBlJOMav 95 19980 199.20 195J0 19570 —1000 723 

20600 1B2O0 JuiVS 20000 20000 19500 19500 — HUB 35* 

Est.ltees 2D4M0 FVFS.S 06 M 2S4»5 

FrTi ocen Int UXOM UP »30 

SOYBEAN OO. ICBOT) JMtete- dten pv IH6s 

3042 21 55 Jut SM 2745 27JS 17.18 2734 -0J» 1S4»7 

3065 7165 Aug 94 2745 2775 27.18 Z7J4 -£M 15J32 

30.34 £24) Sep 94 27.50 2770 27.14 2772 —054 12.002 

29J4 2£100d 94 2775 27 JO 26B8 3693 -OM 8642 

2887 2288 D#C 94 2780 £777 2*62 £670 -086 22687 

£855 2255 JW) 95 W.15 2770 26 SO 2640 -084 £793 

2880 24-70 WCT 95 2*80 27 10 9&5S3 2657 -081 £55* 

28.05 2452 MOV 95 2680 2685 2640 2648 -084 1767 

2785 J465JUI9S 2641 -OB3 341 

2770 2580 Aug 95 2641 -079 23 

Est. sales iMM Wxsales 15539 

Frl'sucenlrt 1X719 UP 127B 




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Zurich 

Adio Inti B 223 230 

AlUWtewBnew 653 663 

BBC Brwn Bov B 1181 1198 
Clba Getav B BIO JOS 
CSHaWInw B 511 533 

EteWrowB 3S4 365 

FlaeftorB 1350 1375 

■fltardlSCDum B 2225 2265 
J elmoll B B0Q 840 

LnreU* Gw R 792 MB 
Moarenplck B 440 450 
NKtte R 10W H33 

OerllKB uetirteR 128 138 

Ptatena hm b ltio 1*20 

RodieHagPC *300 *590 
SafraRBJutallc 123 125 

5WSB 714 740 

SeWttaterB 78» 7950 
StererPC 900 925 

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SwfM BnkCorpB 363 379 
Svte Relnsur R 534 330 


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714 740 
MB 7950 
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705 7*8 

1077 in; 
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1270 1325 


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M GRADE CDPPSI CNGMX) 25800 ta.- corn nerte. 
1070 74.10 Jun 94 11180 112.15 11180 11£IS 
11370 74J0JUJM HUD 11245 II (LTD 113.15 
11X90 74905*094 1093 Itlffl 11180 11180 

111 JO 7675 Dec 94 10960 11180 109J0 11060 

108.00 7690 Jan 95 11380 

107.051 7380 Feta 95 109JO 

11D80 71DD(VW93 10830 10980 10880 109.15 

VBM 7685Mav9S lOBJU 10800 10880 108.15 

MSJO 7880 JuiVS 10TJ8 107 JO 107 JO 107JB 

11260 7630 Aug 95 11280 11280 111 JO 1112S 

111580 79.10 Sep 95 10655 

*2J0 762000 95 111.10 111.10 11080 11185 

9280 77 J5 Nov 95 HtJD 

10650 8600 Dock lines 

9285 8650 Jan 96 10565 

99 JD 6£70Mar9t 1D5J0 

HELM 91. 10 AW M 10865 

Est.wtes 6900 Frl's. sates 16343 
Frfs ooen inf txsn up 1072 
SILVER (NCMX) LOSDtnwBL-aWiperlnwBL 
5*60 51 56 Jun 94 5465 5465 5465 547 8 

5B65 371 8 jm 94 5598 5118 5445 547J 

559.0 5438 Aug 94 5504 

5905 3765 Sep 94 505 5*60 5508 55Z4 

5978 mOOacM 5738 5758 5S78 559.9 

5648 401 8 Jem 95 9416 

*048 41 65 Mar 9S 5758 5758 5UJ 5461 

4065 41 60 May 95 5760 5160 5738 S736 

*108 420.0 Ju 1 91 5060 5858 9818 5796 

*158 49X0S*P95 5867 

*288 5398 DOC 95 9948 

5760 S738JB196 597.9 

*160 SBOIIMir** *049 

Est. sates 2X000 Frl's. ides 39802 

FiTs open Int 125J73 aft 925 
PLATINUM fNMER) SB m at - daflm «K Warm 
43780 35780 Jul 94 41 £50 <1380 405.10 <KJ» 

43580 3*88000 94 41580 41*80 40600 40960 

429.50 37480 Jm 95 41650 41650 41650 41160 

43100 MUDAprVS 41600 41600 41600 41X70 

Est. soles 4809 Fri*£ states £213 
Frf'sopaiM 24833 up 57* 

GOLD {NCM3Q MS VevoL. aoPmMir rrwin. 

41780 339,40 Jun 94 39180 39180 3B7O0 388.90 

moo 38600 Jilt 94 389 60 

41580 341 JD Aug 94 39480 39S4D 39050 390.90 

4T780 3448000 W 39650 3965D 31000 39X90 

42650 34380 DK 94 4B1.0B 40180 39670 197.10 

41180 36350 Feb 93 40480 40480 401.00 40060 

41780 3*431 Aw 95 *620 40620 40430 40410 

42EJD Ml JO Jun 95 409 JO 409 JO 4B7.90 407 JO 

4 12J0 MOJO AuO 95 41280 41150 <1200 41160 

41 3 JO 410jgOD«5 41130 

mm AiojoDeeos 419 jo 

43480 <l£SDFte>W 4ZJJO 

Apr 94 43080 43080 43080 42780 

ESL sates 428Q3 Frl‘s.srtes S£4*3 
FWsopenlnr 151 jk up hots 


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Page 11 


EUROPE 


fall in Eurotunnel Shar 


es 


Puts Rights Issue in Doubt 


Coapikd tv Our Staff Fran Dispatches 

LONDON — Shares in Eur- 
otunnel PLC, operator of the 
Anglo-French Channel tunnel 
hit a 1994 low on Monday 
threatening to leave its £858 
million (SI. 3 bfllion) rights is- 
sue with its underwriters. 

Tumbling European stock 
markets left Eurotunnel stock 


prices compare with 582 pence 
and 51.54 French francs at the 
start of the year. 

“Obviously a lot of the east- 
ing shareholders are not going 
to take up their rights,” said 
Mark Lawrence, transport ana- 
lyst at Smith New Court. 


‘Depending on the p: 


? rice of 355 pence, as part of 
1.6 billion in rescue financing. 
Eurotunnel gets its money 
anyway, but it has joined indi- 
vidual French investors to com- 
plain about short-selling — 
whereby institutions sell shares 
they do not own in anticipation 
of buying than back later for 


less. 



trading, just 10 pence above the 
discounted 265 pence rights 
price. 

On the last day of trading 
before Wednesday’s issue close, 
the rights tumbled 9 pence to 
just 4 pence. 

In Paris, the stock traded at 
24.60 French francs ($4.41), a 
low for the year, before dosing 
closed at 25.50. The shares 
dosed in London at 285. Those 


Trans World 
Rejects EMAP 
Takeover Bid 

Bloomberg Business News 

LONDON — Trans 
World Communications 
PLC, an owner of British 
radio stations, said Mon- 
day it had rejected a take- 
over bid by EMAP PLC, a 
newspaper publisher. 

EmAP’s bid of 181 
pence ($2.75) a share for 
Trans World stock, which 
closed Monday at 173 
pence, “does not represent 
an adequate premium for 
control of Trans World,” 
the company said. 

Trans World, which ad- 
vised its holders to keep 
tfaeir stock, also questioned 
the legality of the owner- 
dnp^nicture proposed by 

A shareholder with a 20 
percent stake in Trans 
World also has urged the 
comj)any to rqect the offer 
and is considering a legal 
challenge to the ownership 
arrangements, the compa- 
ny said. 

EMAP said it would not 
increase its bid. which 
would be far cash or loan 
notes. 


pence of the rights price, insti- 
tutions will not buy in the mar- 
ket, and the issue will be left 
with the underwriters,” he said. 

The market drop comes after 
aggressive short-selling of Eur- 
otunnel shares, which has driv- 
en the price down 

The 3-for-5 issue was 
launched May 26 at a 25 per- 
cent discount to the market 


new shares priced at 10 French 
francs each. Given that the 
nominal value of Euro Disney 
shares had been halved, traders 
said, the stock was not doing 
too badly. 

In Paris, the shares dosed 
18.75 francs lower at 16.25. 
Taking into account the stock 
split, that translates as a decline 
oi 2.55 francs, or 6.9 percent. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 


KFC Returns to South Africa 

Bloomberg Business News 

JOHANNESBURG — PepsiCo Inc. said Monday that' its 
Kentucky Fried Chicken business was reinvesting in South Africa, 
after a seven-year absence, by purchasing the holding company 
Devco; it did not disclose the price. 

KFC will invest $192.4 million over the next three years to build 
200 restaurants throughout the country, in addition to the 300 
already there. Devco administered the KFC trade mar k, which has 
more than 30 percent of South Africa’s fast-food-resuurant 
market, for the past seven years, PepsiCo said. 

Pepsi-Cola International Inc. said earlier it planned to take a 25 
percent stake in a joint venture that will invest $100 million in the 
next three years to build a bottling plant. KFC left Sooth Africa in 
1987 to comply with UJS. sanctions. 


Russia: Not for the Timid 

Despite Risks, Overseas Money Pours In 


By Steve Liesman 

New York Times Service 

MOSCOW — In Russia's emerging stock 
market, making an equity purchase can be as 
arduous as a trip to the frozen tundra. 

When a Siberian ml company went private 
recently, some of its shares were bought by 
CS First Boston, which has purchased more 
than $500 million of Russian slocks and pri- 
vatization vouchers so far this year. 

In the West such a purchase could have 

INTERNATIONAL STOCKS 

been made over the phone, but CS First 
Boston had to fly a broker to Siberia to 
register its acquisition in person in the com- 
pany's ledger. 

Despite such difficulties, Russia’s newborn 
equity markets have been attracting interest 
and investments from some large brokerage 
houses and hedge funds in the United States 
and Europe. 

“Meet of the West’s biggest funds have 
recognized there is something happening in 
Russia," said Boris Jordan, head of the Rus- 
sian operation of CS First Boston, a leading 
foreign investor in Russian stock. 

Brokers estimate that $10 million to $25 
million changes hands weekly in the Russian 
Stock market. But Mr. Jordan said foreign 
portfolio investment could reach as high as S3 
billion by the end of this year, compared with 
almost nothing last year. 

Paine Webber, Morgan Stanley and Salo- 
mon Brothers of the United States and Mor- 
gan Grenfell and Fraxnlington Group PLC of 
Britain are among the other investment 
houses that have taken an interest in the 
chaotic Russian stock market. 

'This is a dangerous market,” said Leonid 
Rozhetskin, a Russian &migr6 to the United 
States who returned to practice law in Mos- 
cow. “If you do not have a clear picture of 


what you are going to do with the shares, you 
are going to lose money ” 

Many Russian companies — because of the 
country’s 8 perc e nt monthly inflati on rate and 
the depreciation of the ruble — are “laughably 
undervalued,” Mr. Rozhetskin said. 

While stocks of American oil companies 
are pegged at about $7 a barrel of proven 
reserves, Russian cal shares have been valued 
at the equivalent of 17 cents a barrel, accord- 
ing to CS First Boston’s research. 

These low valuations have meant quick 
profits of as 200 percent or 300 percent for 
some foreign investors. St Petersburg Phone 
Co. traded at about $1 a share in December 
and now, when the stock can be found, sells 
for 515, said Mikhail O. Alexandrov, an in- 
vestment strategist at Alfa Kapital, one of the 
most active Moscow trading houses. 

Foreign interest has focused on 15 to 20 
stocks in telecommunications, utilities, food 
and beverages and consumer goods. 

For the intrepid investor, the most popular 
stocks have included Rostelekom, the state 
phone company, which trades at around $5, 
and the GUM Trading House, with its land- 
mark department store across from the 
Kremlin, now seffing at about 54 a share. 

Foreigners have also taken advantage of 
the energy sector, snatnhing up shares in Rus- 
sian oil companies such as Surgutneftegas, for 
about $4, and Yuganskneftegas, for 510.25. 

The state gas monopoly Gazprom, which 
recently sold 28.7 percent of its shares at 
auction, has also attracted interest, and CS 
Fust Boston recently bought a 2.87 percent 
stake in Lukofl, one of the country’s largest 
oil companies. 

There have been predictable losses: The 
Red October Chocolate Factory in Moscow 
traded for as much as $9.85 a share last year 
after its highly publicized privatization but 
now sells at less than S3. 


European Businessmen Urge Cut in State’s Role 


Agence France- Press e 

BRUSSELS — 

called mi governments Monday to get 
off the backs of business by cutting 
publio-sector spending and lowering so- 
cial charges levied on employers. 

The Union of Industrial and Employ- 
ers Confederations of Europe said that 
the path to economic recovery lay in less 
state regulation, more labor flexibility 
and encouragement for small business. 

“There can no longer be any question 
of imposing more charges on business- 
men,” said Francis Pfcrigot, president 
of the union. “They are sin kin g They 
are no longer competitive.” 

He presented a union report-entitled 


“Making Europe More Competitive,” 
which said that businessmen needed to 
wean themselves away from state aid 
and that EU governments should not 
depend on business to fond swollen wel- 
fare programs. 

The report called for deregulation and 
privatization of such government sec- 
tors as postal services and telecommuni- 
cations, energy and transport, plus a 
more efficient public sector and more 
open public procurement tenders. 

It urged stricter conditions for unem- 
ployment, health and other welfare 
benefits, along with a lower minimum 
wage, fewer restrictions on dismissing 
workers and pegging pay raises to pro- 
ductivity. 


Mr. Pfcrigot rejected suggestions that 
veraments fund welfare programs 
rom an energy tax. 

“For 30 years we have been continual- 
ly expanding the sources of revenue 
without ever attacking spending,” he 
said at a news conference. 

The union’s call came four days ahead 
of an EU summit that will look for ways 
to cut unemployment and boost com- 
petitiveness. 

■ Defense Companies Unite 
A group of 1 1 European defense orga- 
nizations is scheduled to sign a declara- 
tion Tuesday calling for closer coopera- 
tion among European companies. 


To our readers In Frame 

It's never been easier to subscribe 
and save with our new toll free 
service. 

Just call us today at 05-437-437 



Very briefly: 


• Romanian shipbuilders in the Black Sea port of Constanta have 


Lpon 

started an unlimited strike to back demands for a 100 percent pay 
increase, crippling one of Europe’s biggest shipyards, a trade 
union leader said. 

• Lufthansa AG said it would expand its activities in the tourism 
industry to compensate for losses in its main operations. The 
share of main operations in total sales fell to 32 percent last year 
from 39 percent in 1986. Lufthansa sees tourism as providing 80 
percent of the expansion in the airline industry in coming years. 

• Qub Med Ino, which handles the U.S„ Asian and Pacific 
activities of Qub M&fitarran&e SA, said its net profit edged 
upward to $32.4 milli on in the six months ended in April from 
$32^ milli on in the year-earlier period. 

• France's auto sector posted a foreign trade surplus of 10.95 
billion francs ($2 billion) in the first quarter of 1995, up from 9.49 
billion francs in the previous quarter, 

• Belgium's budget deficit is likely to fall to 5.5 percent of its gross 
domestic product by the end of this year from 7.2 percent at the 
end of 1993, said Finance Minister Philippe Maystadt, riling 
higher tax receipts, lower spending and better management of the 
national debt 

• Luxembourg’s two chief banking trade unions urged members to 
stage a mass demonstration on July 6 to protest new work 
contracts. The two unions have so far refused to sign a new 
contract with the Association of Luxembourg Banks and Bankers, 
saying it strips workers of some privileges. 

■ Puma AG, the German sportswear maker, said it expected to 
post an operating profit “in the millions” in 1994, its first since 
going public in 1986. In the first five months of 1994, operating 
profit totaled 14.5 million Deutsche marks ($9 million), after a 
loss of 32.7 million DM a year earlier. 

• Sweden’s trade surplus in May fell to to 5 5 billion kronor ($699 
million) from a surplus of 6.6 billion kronor in April. 

Bloomberg. Reuters. AFX. AFP 


according to the organizers of Eurosa- 
tory, an armaments conference at Le 
Bourget, according to a Bloomberg 
Business News dispatch from Paris. 

European companies have said they 
increasingly saw U.S. concerns as their 
competitors since those companies have 
doubled their efforts to sell products in 
export markets as UJS. defense budgets 
have declined. 


NYSE 

Monday's Ctoafng 

Tables Include toe nationwide prices up to 
toe dosing on Wall Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 









LUXEMBOURG EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN FUND 

SICAV 

2. boulevard Royal 
L-2&53 LUXEMBOURG 

R.G Lnemboar| B-ST669 

The shareholder* are hereby conrenod to attend the 

ANNUAL GENURAL iHJfcJhllTVG 

of the Company to be held on 29 June, 1994*t S:00 p-m-, «t 69. 
route tTEedt, Luxembourg, with the following agenda: 

1. Report of the Bo*r4 of Directors; 

2. Approval ®T< he Statement of Net Awete wuloflfce 
-• juiuaiat ofOprnrflir" ***t 88 February, 1994; 

Allocation oTnet re*"M»f \ 1 . 

1 Discharge to the Dfrectorr vdth respect loathe 
perfonnnwe of their dalles ft»r the year ended » 
- February, 1994; 

5. Siatnioayapjpohdme^si 
.6. MbceUiaeM M . 

The. shareholders art, advised that no oil wum w 
items of the agenda of the Annual Cencml Meeting anefthat deewnons 
Win be taken on a simple majority of the shares present or 
represented at tile meeting with no -restriction. 

In order to tabeoart of the meeting of 29 Jane, IW, the^cre of 
bearer shares wifi hare to deposit lh«r shflK* five dear days before 
•be meeting with 

Bauquc laternatftmale a Laxembonrg 
2 , Boulevard Royal 
L-79S3 LUXEMBOURG 


The Board of Directors. 


IBS debis 

Immobilienmanagement 


Potsdamer Plate Project 

Participation Competition for Selecting Firms for Carcass, Roof, Cladding Work and Lift Installations 


We are supervising the construction of new city permises on 
the Potsdamer Platz In Berlin on behalf of Daimler-Benz AG. 


The project is divided up into 4 sub-projects and 17 
individual buildings: 


Bldg 

comp 

Bldg 

Use 

i 

A 

A1 

Office 

33.000 j 


A2 

Residential 

25.500 | 


A3 

Residential 

6.000 j 


A4 

Residential 

14.500 I 


A5 

Hotel 

30.000 ! 


UG 

Car parK/stores/tech bldg serv ices 

32.200 ! 

B 

B1 

Office/retail 

20.000 ; 


B2 

Office/retail 

2.700 ' 


B3 

Office/rerail 

11.500 J 


B4 

Offic^/retail 

18.100 | 


B5 

RetaiJ/residential 

21.700 | 


B6 

Office/ retail 

18.300 - 


B7 

Office/retail 

1 8.300 


B8 

Residential/retail 

18.500 i 


B9 

Residential 

10.600 ! 


UG 

Car park/stores/tech bldg services 

107.000 

c 

Cl 

Office 

43.400 

D 

D1 

Casino 

8.000 j 


D2 

Theatre 

13.500 j 


There will be a limited invitation to tender for the 
following services as pan of a participation review under 
the control of VOD/A. 

1. Carcass work 

2. Cladding 

3. Waterproofing of roofs 

4. Lift installations 

The services will be awarded separately in accordance 
with headings 1 to 4. 

The building sponsor reserves the right to select applicants 
without constraint. 

It is planned to award the building services separately for 
individual buildings or groups of buildings. 


Planned completion times: 


Building C 
Building .42 - A5 
Building B5 - B9 
Building A l/B l 
Building D1 -D2 
Building B3-4 


lanuary 95 - November 96 
May 95 - November 96 
July 95 - April 97 
September 95 - June 97 
November 95 - February 97 
October 96 -May 98 


Please enclose the following documents with the 

application as evidence of capability: 

1 . Turnover of company In last 3 trading years in relation 
to comparable services. 

2. References with details of contract size and contract 
dates. 

3. Number of employees broken down into occupational 
category. 

4. Technical resources available. 


Applications must be sent in writing by 24.6.94 to our 
company in charge of project control: 


DREES & SOMMER AG 

Projektmanagement und technische Beratung 

ObentrautstrcBe 72 

D-10963 Berlin 

Tel.: 030/21 50 95-0 

Fax: 030/21 50 95-20 





































NASDAQ 

Monday’s 4 p.m. 

This list compiled by the AP, consists o( the 1.000 
most traded securities In terms of dollar value, ti is 
updated twice a year. 


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LOW Hock Dm nr! PE 100$ Hign LuwLOtevCh'oc 


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ID IS". 25'.4 7S’* 

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lift S':Coero ... - 7J4 ? ?'■* 7' 4 

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30*i 21 Vi AQiWr .72 3J) 9 243 a*6 «*■• 23*. — *k 

23*413HACIosVoV ->6 1.0 44 648 16 J6 16 _•? 

33 lOVlACollOid J4 1.6 19 677 15 U**i U*. _'A 

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26*6 IBVkAmfed .20b .9 TO 771 21’ * 30*. 31', —46 
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15 5 Arraiont . IB 61 7’-, 7 *> 7*» — 

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21 *1 j'/iOirnmds _ eO 5115 iO*, 9*6 10 — *, 

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28 10 Clirions .. » 182 14 131'j I3H 

71 V* 13 QuoCcr - -. 69 14'r 13*. 13>* — -6 

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AOe I 2 65 SSJ8 

- « a 

- 19 |9IJ 

17 -Ml 

.10 -5 71 216 

. 4S 79 

. 73 14’ 

. IS I96J 

- 21 220S 

J7 1.0 20 311 

783 


JS 23% a 1 :— 1% 
*■ * 3'., 3' - , — ' * 

10% 19', 19% — % 

27 7t 76 

15 14", IS 

10% a 9% 9':—'.. 
44'6 4J 43*.— 1 
Id’* 1 6 ’ , I6'a "V, 
26 15' .25':— 1 

lb', 151: 1$% — % 
19 18'.- W 

75 74% TS • % 

l*'/.d1 1’.* 17 —2'. 
17 dll II — 1% 
78 77% 27',— I 

26', 24% 25"* — 1. 
13". IJ l> M — 'u 

16 32'. 37'.— 1 

1*% 13% 13% — % 
32 % 31 31%—’, 

I? lb". 16% • % 
14% ■* 14% — 

Il'.dlQv. 10% — >* 
10". 9», 10‘ft.:.. 

33% 3T%32%— 1 
13". 13 13':—% 

2S"S 7*% 74' 1 — % 
34*6 74 34% -% 

20V. 19% 19> .— I ' , 
10'* 10% 10'. — % 
a% y. 23% — % 
40": »% M%— 2% 
17"; 17 |’% 

70 V, 20 70% — 1 % 

17% 17' , 17"., — ' i, 
12% 11% 11% -% 
10 9 9% . l„ 

38% 27% 78 — 

12% 11 11% — u 
7% 6% 6% — % 

10 9% 10 -% 

X". X X% -% 

1V.dl4 IS". •% 

17% lb'., 17 
14V: 13% 14% — % 
10 9% 9' , — - 1, 

9V. d 9 9% —». 

19", l«V, 18',— I 
» 21 21% -% 

17% 17 U 

13% 13 13 

50% 49% 50*. — % 
15% IS'.- IS'» 

15% IS IS —’i 
27% 76% 26", — I 
19% l« 19 

57', 55' s SS' 

11% 13 13% •% 

?4' , U 24% •% 
!4%dl3’: 13%-l 
33% 3J’*J2i..-' .. 
6% S'* S'* 


19 8' .‘-ST*T 

J%1DB Cm 6 
JS% lc%ioe-Lbs 
71 ' . 10% IEC El: 
17% 7%ICEN 
D’.Tl IHOPCa 

a s'.us 

r>< , it 17.TPS 
15% 6%imuLoo 

14% v.lmunRsD 
r il-jimune* 
72% ?* : inocom 

41% 74 inaBcp 
35% lb’.'ninBrd $ 
?5’ , 17' * inloEolt 
44', 17" ; mfoRoi 
jv . 14' .infotmi. 

7% Inputs 
lb'; 10' : (as.rrc 
45": *4- , insAul 
•T) 9% intesCirc 

34'* lO'.InlflC', 
2“% 1«%in'S.ISr 
'4%49%lntei 
TO'* 11% Intel wi s 
78 17%lr.<eiEI 
15% i'.iaVJlwk 
17 9>,»n»rl.:ln 

12% i ,ln:aan 
ST'jJb'.-ln’gHli 
2B' . 72 lmer.ni 
8% 4% lolrlc-af 
IS’ , 9 in/rCm 
6% T'.in»Cat>l 
30% 13 m:csie 
TO' ; 14 inllm-ig 
70'; s'.inJTctl: 
lj'; 4’ , Inter Slv 
15% 10% imrirn s 
72 ' : 9 inivttw 
50 27 Intuu 

»• .< Jl'.invcore 

37 7 l«wli 

70’ , 10'* J&JSn 
H',72 JSBFn 
19- ; B%.iocarCrn 
4S% 26% JetfrCo 
X’ j 16 JonrranA 
21 15", JunoLI 
16% I0> 1 JusIFFeel 
32' , H"» Jusl’m 
45 16 :KL A 

r%l7%Kaydon 
76 5%KelvOii 
r% 2! Kellv&A 
T" 1 . liV.b.i'rKICCP 
J2 . ?' % Kv’vFn 

I* - . ID%knarL> 

IB - . 8 ► nwlW 

78* : IJ'.tromaa 
31% 9%8,ulc*."- 


46 1 . TC^kLCi inn 
79% 14 lC'DS > 


. .. 687 

_ 2161488 
_ 43 TM 
_ ' XI 

_ II? 
„ 28 1275 
_ 8 S»1 

.. 76 1ST 
.. . 136 

.. _ <45 
_ - 6 T t 
_ ? 176 

1.16 _ 729 

- 53 IASI 
... _ Bfl 

_ 19 b!6 

. 16 3908 

_ :r 842 
_ 51 370 
. 44 I7« 

.. 10 257 
. 21 8620 
. _ 408 

24 .4 11 24747 

.. _ 1877 

J7 18 15 ^44 
_ JiD 
2* 2.0 16 51 

.. .. 23a 

r 3 »! 

. - ?62 
. ’19 

- 740 
_ l'SS 

26 43? 
_ ??5 6JF 
. 51 1 

JO I J I* T 
.. 12 ?702 
. - UJ 
01c „ 19 160 

_ — 94 

. 14 116S 
JA 2J 1? 714 
... „ 14009 
.20 J 9 59 

. a ss 

.76 I 5 18 479 

.16 fj « 191 
_ 13 3938 
40 2.0 13 6S 

■** e 1?03 
K IS 72 ?%Q 

J i! ? 1 I 1 

. lb 5*4 
. ... 32J3 

_ 9 bl" 


lb U% 14%. 
8% ”l 

X": 79% X 
13% 12 12 

0 7%. 

37% 31% 31ft 
6 a S'.-. 5«k 
?4- r a"; 24% 
?». 7", 7' « 

10ft 9% 10% • 
17":dI2 f7% 

8'-: fl 8'- ) 
*1 40". 40% 

34% a': 24%. 

34% a%a%- 

15% 14": 15 
IS'-. II'. 15ft 
J4% 24V. 24ft ■ 
14', Uft Uft - 
33% 32% 33"; - 
114, ]1% H% 
75% 24% 74% - 

$9'*58’*z 58'!— 
14% 13ft 13'a • 
It% 17% 18 
8% 4% 4% ■ 

12". 12' * 12% 
9ft 9% 9ft 
47% 4b% 47% 
36-* 25%25<V|.- 
5». 5% S% - 

14 13% 13% 

J’: 3- . 3.-, - 

77 21 1 n 

18% IB 16ft . 
SV. 6 0 ’ . - 

11% 10% 10% - 
13% 1J%13;:- 

a% a-! J2% - 

7« 78’ * 23ft - 

7% 7% 7% - 

12 % l?% 17 ft - 
? 6 % a'. 25 -. - 
13% 17 13 - 

<3% 4? 42 

r% 21% x - 
19 18% 16% - 

14% 14": 14', . 
1?». 12 13 . 

25% a% 11% - 

r.\ 3 ?% 2 ?ft 

?Pi?T5- 

?I Vr-.Vi . 

i2 ,J 

13% 13 12% 


- _ 2S 16’.-: lF-i i5%— I 
_ _ 219 13ft TS". 13"* — 

46%a%MichSJr _ 24 3747 32% 37'zrr;., — ■*., ) Ja, S’-^RoDy* _ _ 574 « -SJ7 ,K* * -7 * 

79"6S4%Mi=»4t 100 17 13 S64 75 7Tj 73% — 1ft . 21<'. TO Soft _ 16 10 17VJ 12J !S* —IT 

TS 10 MicWarS _ 29 Stta TBTft 23% 31ft— 3% lift Sft^St - _ 786 12ft 12ft 12ft —ft 

Eft SftMicrAas _ 14 1134 21% 2B-'« 25% • ! 35V 13 Retstni _ 23 *43 3*% jTft a —2 

36 1 * flV.MjcrO»l - 16 76A 3Pm 32 » — % T 15 Rretrrein I 49 27 16% 15ft 15ft —ft 

7V* 1 WMicrC _ _ SOS 6*6 5% 6% -ft ' S?E - 330 6ft 0 5ft 5ft —ft 

11% dV.AAjcrvtx 5C 6% 6ft 6'.. 

B** 4'iMicrap - _ 6S 5ft Sft 5% 

!9": 13%M!cn» _ 77 220 77% 26W J7V: 

54% J5", AVicrfl s _ ST 27974 5 3ft 

16’, 4%Micnesl _ - ZTM 19ft 

34% 25 MiOOm . 13 1133 26 »* 26ft XV.. 

Sb%i3%6UdAitt _ 37 na ss% d»s sr. 

W.lBftMKJJFn _ M 173 II ft 21 21 

31%20'iMkSCd .tOe j 4 10 2590 X 22 ft a 

a av.Mdl «Hr J2 10 17 479 Z6ft 28". 26ft _ — ... . 

76 18ftM8cmln _ _ 1S7D a". Eft 3"*—% r 7-v. sVk^Slm _ _ 13W 6 7ft 7ft — ft 

28 l2%AUtttfr _ 21 317 »% 17% 77ft —% : i? rlftrachS* J» 3 IS 175 161, 15% 1B6 — ft 

39 IS": MbfTeJ _ 56 129C 17ft If. 17% —ft I 'K 6 ’aSSS . . ill W Bl W - 

JI'.lVftMOdne JD 10 IB E 26% 26% 26% -ft , KilSftRfclHn I 22 X66 U'A T3% — ft 

36' : 20V, Monowr. s _ 19 1213 20 Bl*-., Mft — % • w-ij rST flBe * U B 21ft 21% «'*• — 

*■-.» Mime* M .1 28 559 37% 31% 37ft -% 74% S2V*RSStS« 14M 2.1 a 1353 «7ft 65ft 66ft -ft 

36% 26% Mole xA M a IMS 16 TI", 36 _ I *aft22 Rixprtr X al **% aft M —1 

31 12ftM3flenM _ _ 1219 zr. E-:2S%— 1ft ■ w^tlftSSS “ _ 5W2u21ft 18% 20ft ♦% 


— TU P 6ft d 5% 5V, —ft 

11 s S% ^ =ft 

5 aw »h i|^ 

-* ^ fa s«. 


! lift rvReST »7 6ft 69* — % 

43ftT3-.,R*-jtHd» l.Bi 23 - 1766 C 41ft 
X 7ftRe»SuH8 - 10 374 9ft B% 9% -ft 

! 5%RWim — — i?74 s TVt J% — ft 


Jl Uftwionerwi _ _ tzar 4* . E% 20*,— 1ft • ia,- iiapn^j-c _ _ jlRuIlM 18% 20% 

21ft lift Mong^ s .16 .9 9 410 !8 If., |t% — ft 1 WSSSi JMe 3 - «0 17 16ft 16% 

19' . 8ftMortTPCT5 _ X TO 13% 15% 13ft —ft . ;«■. 73 9*1* 93% aft 


>7% 5 Moscom JJ4 J _ 1556 Ft Ft K-l '< 
if, THMCoPee _ IB a69 14$. U’ • 14V 

TV : 27 Munmotl . 13 W 31 2«% 2 T 


X%2* MAC Re .16 5 14 1363 a 1 * 32 X —ft | 21ft 15 Rouse 

18% 14% NN Bell _ _ 7 17V* 17", ~.T * — 1 % 9% 6ftRyort= 

34' * 27 1 "« NS Bcc 32 14) 10 523 31% 304.351*—% • £3% ftp S3 Inc * 


16 lO'.NlCBD- 36 30 — 149 12- ll-.lf*-. , 71%l*ftSQSyt. w - 2* B60 14V6 13ft {*% ♦ % 

20% lO'.NltVC™, _ _ 195 IV- 10ft :c.»— I SVilS’.iffilS .16 .9 a A26 19 tBVk 18ft —ft 

n>,16":Nctt>y»» _ -9TB8 2S*» 3S 35 — ’* a%14 SFPed 36 lJia 817 22% 22ft — % 

37». 6>«NdK>VWl _ - 200 21ft 2- 2i', -ft , 31 B'.SLMs _ *2 1579 Uft 17 "3 —ft 

9% I'.MTecm - a 383 6% 6% S-: — "i 6S%47%So*C3 1.96 14 9 946 S8% S7ft —ft 

i7,. r-tutwaa _ i» 6io ir. ; a'.ri’.ftstwist - u i» 2 s zs — ** 

24". TftNatrSt* _ 16 1480 Sft 2% 7% —ft 1 Bft JVjWTCJ _ 28 .IX 13ft 13% — % 

IB S% Non-Sun JO IJ 19 148 13»i 12 13% — % 39% ^.SAaide AO U 12 1394 28 XV, a *'A 

M'.TlJl.NautiCD* - 16 1587 Ties 21 IV . — % 24* k 14ft STPouffl * JO iA H 1^ 27% 21 +% 

29% 19 Ndlccr _ 16 1229 26'. 2S% 26’m - % ’ |v,14 Sanmina - .12 !??9 ,9 ?? JIS ’P 4 “ 5 

36 U'.NelsnT .16 B 24 46 II 1 * 3n Zi t - ! JB% JiiSmm - 133 1163 4ft d j% « —*t 

18% S'.NeMTame .. 17 672 9V. *=. 9*. — ': , 23 lOftScwv _ _ 104 11% 11% 11% - 

a% IlftNetHTW S _ X 55 12", Q 53 — % I 2**12 ScndBdC - - TU34 3*ft Taft 24% —ft 

D% B'.NIWVG - 25 J1C -,r< 16 16 —1% 33%17%Scnrenr .We J — 80 31ft ZtV, 21% — % 

14% 8'*‘4w6tmg _ _ 279 8% V-: 8% — % ) S8' . 3S 5 * SCPOCP _ 17 664 39% 39 39'A — % 

9-b 6%NtwttSy _EI 603 A'* 6% Aft — V* ; 30ft 19 Schuler _ _ 17 *35 31ft TO TO — 1% 

27% 14% Neutrg J7 14 » 77‘ zr. if? 19% - 28%a Sanrm» J3 1.1 24 IM 37 24K »ft — ft 

21% 14% NE Bus JO <1 S 376 19ft lift T9 — '* ■ 279* 4HScOone _ _ 1178 6% 6ft —ft 

70% TftNwImaa _ 17 70B IC»* IJ'i ’3'-*— ft I 3B*4 16'-*ScAjme _ 24 351 38ft 27% X 


-oft BViScrcm _ 684 9ft Bft 9ft _ 

!9>.-*i3%raaSi - a 3066 uft u> gS — *» 

g:-:yuls&. Hi “'5 s 

wftitftSSS - |8% 

1S%I2ft§svt&=fls M Z6 Itjll 16% 

39 32 Ropers .12 J 17 IB M f* “ft — lft 

lB%I2%RoasS*r .10e J 12 486 1* 13% 14 - 

14ft 3’ARO»sSy _ _ 140 4ft 3ft 3% —ft 

win WS j. 

9ft 6%Ryort= _ 14 879 7ft 7ft 7% —ft 

^JirftSS* I » T B 60 14% 13ft 14ft »H 

a%ifip£d 'it 1J»P a?7 »ft 

31 B’ .SLMs - 42 1529 13% 17 U —ft 

65=*47%Sate« 1.96 14 9 946 S8V» 57ft — % 

a'.zl'.ftSBvltf _ M 124 35% 25 25 — ft 

Bft 7 >.soktci _ 28 na 13ft isj jaft — % 

Xft 24**st4ude 30 U n 13% 28 27ft 28 *Vk 


» 21% — ; 


r- -. 





IM 7ft 
44 15% 

29ft 15ft 


_ _ jng Jr* 2. ■* - ‘*s > 31 a* «aB-/uis — i * — »« 

_ X » V* 6% 6S%47=*Soleca 1.96 14 9 946 57ft 5716 -46 

_ 179 610 IT i :r~.ir":. — '■» : XS'.r l-.’kfJWl "T _ M 124 35% 2S 25. — ft 

_ 16 1430 Sft T% 7V* — % ! 3Bft 7>*SOaeTCS _ 28 IX 13ft 13V. 13% —ft 

IJ 19 44E 13 1 ! 12 13% — % J 39V: SdftStJude AO 3 A 13 13% 28 aft 28 *ft 

_ 16 1587 21% 21 IV*— % ' 2r*14VkSrPouffls JO IA II I3S3 2T-, 71 2146 +% 

_ 16 1229 76'* 2S 1 * 26"* •'•: 1 Il'tM Sanmina _ 13 1990 19ft 18ft 19% — % 

B 24 46 II -* a - .-: z; t - ! 28% JftScnens _ 133 1163 4ft d 3% 4. —ft 


_. 17 *72 9V. *i. 9*. — ': , 

_ X 55 13", a 13 — % 

_ 25 31 C 17ft 16 16 —I % 

_ _ 279 8% V- E-. — % ; 


a lOftSCwCV _ _ 104 lift 11% 1H6 - 

2»v. 13 ScndBdC _ _ 2t£M 5*ft Tift 24% —ft 

X'.ITftScnrenr .We J _ 88 31ft 21% 21% — % 

S4’.35V*ScnofCP _ 17 664 39% 39 39<A — ft 



2I 1 * 14>.NE Bus 
70% 7%Nwlmos 
73>,|4WNewPNk 
16". T’.zNwpkRs 
54 . 26 NexMCn 
IV* 6%ND>eDr 
39% 71 Norcnd 
63 dlftNsrdsR 
45%Z5’.*Nords: 


_ 17 7JO ;o»* 17 * !3-«— % JIH'. 16 , bOOnr 

_ ai2S7T 34%3J2ft 33S- 1"* 66 25%Scim«J 

. 42 54 16 15% 16 — ■-* ; 29% lift Sfitec 

_ _ 12745 34 31ft 32 ft— 2% 59ft SftSCroeOb 

_ a *1!* — i % t , —6 , rav. is% scoits 

_ _ 529 14 33', 34 - ! av.U'.tSecaate 

J4 I J7 TA 29 56 55 Sift — % j JC. BftSrcnCap 

40 .9 2 2569 43-. 41% 43 — >* | 45ft 34 StcCca 


:•* ?’ .NAB.C .. 19 112 6ft 6 . 6'* — ' s 1C* 4ft 

44’ 1 37 NorTrsI .£8 23 13 1784 62 4J-.J 2 1 ,— V. » 2C 11'e 

16':ll’:N«StAin _ _ 963 13ft 13% ! iV* — ft j Pa 1ft 

13% 7* . NwSnWr _ _ HO Bft 6"* Sft — » i 32% 11 


13% 7* . N.SnWr 
3‘. IS NoHAVC 
28 15 NDweO 

45 20’tMavM 
19% ii%Noven 
16ft 6V*NuHri s 
a 16 NuKdte A 
24’ .14 DM Grp .I4e 
19ft 6 OPT1 


_ _ 1178 6ft 6V: 6ft —ft 
_ 2A 351 38ft 37ft X 
. 34 3381 36 dS 25 — >%, 
3J 10 768 16% 15% 16% —ft 
_ 32 1161 8V. 7% ■ — % 

_ 14 116 16ft 16% 16ft —ft 
_ 8 9010 31ft 2B**20<*u —ft 

_ _ <7 I (TV" to 10ft*.«ft 
_ _ 781 44ft 44 44ft — % 
^ - 2195 5ft 5ft 5ft —ft 
_ _ 2024 14ft 13% 14ft —ft 
_ 6 269 3% 3V„ 3ftt _ 


_ _ 228 B% 6"k 5% —ft ; 32% II SuFnQ-jaS „ 171 17ft 17 17V«— lft, 

_ _ 2366 17% Wi ih* > 29V,!7’E5hrMe9 M 3A 18 1267 25ft 24ft 24% —ft 

_ _*CKh= ISHCUft !f . — • M':I4V.SHowGn _ 708 15ft 14% 15%%-% 

_ X 7973 21% »% K%— % ; .4 7 Snorwd _ 42 M 17ft 17% 17ft «H 

_ - X7 12% irs 13‘: — ft i T9*, ?'.*ShowPtf _ 17 B) 11 'A 10ft 10% — ft 

_ 11 777 r--. 7 ?% -V* . 24’. 21 snuroerd .14e A - 223 MVi 32% 22 Vi — 'ft 


a (6 NuKdteA _ I* 32 IS-. ’2% 17ft—': a'*! 1 ' SieroOn 

24% 14 DM Grp ,14e 3 19 504 21 TC-ft 22ft _ : X 3 SlpCg 

— I 19% 6 OPTl _ 20 13U If-. IS 1 * 16% —ft | S5%29".5n3mAI 

— * X IB’-'tOclel _ 3? !419 !4%CI7-.; ■ ' 13ft 9ftST.cn VI 

— * 19’. I? OftsLoo 14 54S 54V* ’J% 13'. — % r 41 I4‘ .MylMeff 

“ J 1 J4 26%Or*oCo* ’A* 4.9 U 790 3S‘ . X — * i 13% S SVeOa* 

35%29%OloKen) 1.16 3A 11 937 34 33% 34 - 27 IdftSmthP 

24% 6%OKcnm - _ 7523 !0 9% 9% —ft . E’ . 16%SnopBv s 

16": 10 OtvmpStl _ _ 11 17"« 12’ 6 12% _ »% 12ft So** 

Uft t’iOmewf/1 „ _ 1404 t 6% 6% — % 73 12 SaRdesk 

41V* J9". Drees 1J0 3.» 1 » 3’. Eft Eft —ft 34ft lTftSoffwnu 

I0». SftOncpr _ _ 79S i‘ ■ Sft 6 — ", ' 23ft CSREtc 

20 lO'.OnePrcs _ 19 236 19". 58 IB —ft 8% 3*4S«twPO 

45’, 19% OneCom _ _ 73C7 aft 25% 21ft —1. t 15 AftSamctun 

a .Il'-.OPfcR _ a 129 7 'ft 2! *1 — "* ! 25ft2DftSontCo 

3t‘ »?l%OroJpS .. *1142*2 36' ; il a 2£*. --« 13% 9 ScrecScd 


Monday's Closing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the dosing on Waif Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 


12 worm 
HWi Low jlOCK 


12 f.Vjnci as I i: Vdirn 

HSm L ft* ! W/. O', Vld PE 100" Hist! L6wL0ft>O»'9t I “*)" L0-* 5'W> 


78 W.CasFd I60O 70 35 a 37'. 22% -ft 

17 . S’.CcftiLT ..13 43 10% 10 10 -% 

17 8%CatftDH" 0B A l| 79 12 * 12' ; IT’ I — % 

5*. 4%c«il7cn . 14b S% 4'. S', 

1% "-tCCfllTcwi «? ’i • ■ 

21% irftCnirPr n I.M 72 .. id X*. % 

6 4%CFCdafl 01 3.X 7 S"; 5% 5'.—% 

49', J7'..Cen76 ol 3.X 9 7 .. ISO M% X X 

17', idftCcnlSe l.65e 9.b ... 31 17% 17 17% -% 

111. 6%CWOn 66t 87 ... 731 7ft .'ft 7% _% 

9% S'.O’oa a i .73 M 7ft 7ft Jft 

S’-rT" r.CPOevA „ 4b *97 Ml. 2". 7ft 

5": 7%ChOcvB ..4b 72 2*v„ 2% 2ft —ft 

341*13 CnoEn .. 16 38b lift X’. 31 


L-M 1 

. 7bl 639 JT": 36'* 36ft— 1 I 
_ 1TJ2015 % 14'; 15% . % I 


Pi- ’’td PE 173" --fl” Lew L DCs’ O' se 


36' .21%Ori»jeS 
26 .- !1 GmSci 
?:% i'.Omco 
:ifti;%DshBA 
7$: 19 OmsSlks 


Shuroerd ,14e A - 223 73V, 22% 72V. — ■/. 

SwaOr _ *07 1BV* 17% 18% — % 

ShprOO _ _ 9S2 6% 6ft 6 V, — V* 

SanAI J3 2 18 1238 41 39% 39%, —Vt 

SiTtcnVl _ 21 XW 11% 11% 11% 9% 

AvWnl 05 o J 15 816 22ft 20% 21% —ft 

5fc»fx>< _ 3 3560 >3% lift 12% — I 

SmlhP _ a 441 27 26 26ft — ft 

snopaui _ X 5107 24V: Z3"/u W —ft 

So** _ 17 292 13ft 12ft 12% —V<1 

Sonoesk __ 107 13ft 13 13 —ft 

Scffrrrto _ S5 a 23ft 23% 23ft _ 

SREtC 12 1 Bft 8ft 8ft *ft 

SflwPO . _ IS J <% 4ft— % 

Somolm _ _ S45 Aft Aft 6ft _ 

SonCCo _ 7* 1977 TDftaaOY, XV. —ft 

screcsd , 33 42 1 Oft 10 10% —ft 


44142*2 36* : ii t 2£'» --» ' 13% 9 ScrecSd _ 33 47 loft 10 10ft — % 

.. 7? 736 ’O'. '» — I 25ft 19ft SonocoP 5i 2.7 16 1820 X 20% 20ft— 1ft 

_ 2' rn :i% :«%!S%-' . 54': 17 SonocPpt 125 *A - 5 49% «9ft «ft *% 

41c 31 !M 384 13* • r.12', _ a%!;’.SOutWr^l AS 13 10 1080 Xft »% 30ft _ 

_ ■» 1K5 76 :•% 2 Sft — ’-I • 17% r-*SOvOcs .10b .9 12 819 10ft MVr 10ft — ft 


Div nd PE 100s High LnwLatesiOi'ae 


78 i6":OiriMea 
Id 1 1 B ChlPwr 


- n II 
„ 4b *97 
.. 4b 77 

— 16 786 
... IE 

.11 9 10 2J0 

.. 93M35 

30a 4 3 10 2 


12V* 3%CrowlMs 
24% 16%CmCP 
av,12'.,CmCPB 
21% 13 CwnCr 
6% 3 CrufeAm 
MV, 20% Crystal 
a%18%Cufalc 
I7T* 12 CUrtce 
39,, J'AClnlmd 
4ft ftCvcamn 



X% 6 ChevSIts .. 938035 

14».75%ChiRv 1.10a 4 3 10 3 

70’. 13% Cruel _ 44 

J7' ■ 25%CMinr c* IJI 7.1 its 

’% 3% OliKS _ 3| 10S6 

2? X". Chiles at I JO 6J _ U 
15% r«CIrcnPti _ » 98 

20% 3% Citadel _ 573 

9% J'.tCIzFsl JBe .9 15 771 

X SO CtFrrtcld 7J0 _ 3 

8V. 6% aiizlnc a 75 

40*k 701k CJeorC S .. SS 773 

5'. v c CJirucD _. 897 

7% 2%Coonilm _ _ 13 

J0> 9 Cohen Str Jl 7.11 . 94 

a 1 . 13>-,Conw 34 1A 10 9 

25% »V«CollAHDf 3J3II2J ^ 211 
7% ’.CoiData _ 48 17 

6% 3"uColLb _ ... 532 

10% 7ftCa/RE/ .48 4.8 7 3 

TV* 6%CmdAit n ,14e 1.9 ^ 34 

25% ITftCamplel. _ .. 66 

1ft VjCmotrc _ _ 3 

10% SftConcdF _ 7 11 

16% 13 CnsTam JOe 2.1 4J ll 
11", 7%Con1Mtl _ 10 5 

33'.-* 4ft Convrw TJ0I 11 398 
9 4!*Ol WE M M 

11% 9 CooW aa 8A102S 20 

3’* l’kCcrNGn . _ 240 

IS'/* 6 CCBcstin 3S it .. 2 

17ftl2ftCroiS A6 36 279 89 


- 12 4 

_ 18 X 

- 17 3 

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More Implicated 
In Insider Sales 
Of Japan’s' Shoji 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Japanese Brewing: Ups and Downs 

Consumption Is Set to Rise as Prices Are Pushed Lower 


Agente France- P rent 

TOKYO — Japan's latest in- 
sider-trading scandal widened 
Monday, with almost 200 com- 
pany employees and others now 
suspected of dumping shares in 
Nippon Shoji Kaisha Ltd. be- 
fore the government issued a 
warning against one of its drugs. 

Nippon Shoji, the country's 
fourth-largest drug wholesaler, 

’ announced Sunday in Osaka 
that 175 employees, including a 
rice president and other execu- 
tives, had sold shares in advance 
of the warning in October 1993. 

On Monday, a spokesman 
for Eisai Co. said 10 of its em- 
ployees were also suspected of 
being involved. 

The newspaper Asahi Shim- 
bun said Monday that 10 Eisai 
executives had sold shares 
hours before the ministry's an- 
nouncement. having learned of 
(he wanting from a facsimile 
. message sent by the company 
the previous day. 

The two companies began 
marketing a remedy for shingles 
known as Sorivudine in Sep- 
tember 1993. 

After several people who had 
taken the drug at the same time 
as anti-cancer agents died, the 
Health and Welfare Ministry is- 
sued a warning. Hie drug was 
later withdrawn. 

Japan’s Securities and Ex- 


change Surveillance Commis- 
sion declined to comment on 
the case. 

Nippon Shoji said earlier that 
the 175 employees suspected of 


insider trading had sold a total 
of 386,200 shares ahead of the 
government warning. 

At least 23 have admitted 
selling the shares on the basis of 
nonpublic information. 

A Nippon Shoji executive 
said, “We have to reconsider 
our information management 
systems and worker morality.” 

The anti- shingles drug has 
caused at least IS deaths, and a 
number of other patients have 
suffered complications, the 
ministry said. 

Nippon Shoji, which had a 
sales target of l.S billion yen 
(SIS million) for the first year of 
sales, was forced to withdraw 
the drug from 10,000 hospitals 
across the country. 

Trading in Nippon Shoji 
shares, listed on the second sec- 
tion of the Osaka Stock Ex- 
change, was suspended after 
prices fell 6 percent to 3,100 yen 
on Oct. 12, the day the ministry 
issued the warning 

After the news of the alleged 
inrider trading shares of both 
companies tumbled Monday, 
with Nippon Shoji losing 80 to 
dose at 1,570 and Eisai drop- 
ping 30 to finish at 1,780. 


Bloomberg Aoinor Vnvy 

TOKYO — Harrison Ford in an air- 
plane. Harrison Ford in a snack bar. Har- 
rison Ford on a beach. Harrison Ford 
blown up so large his trademark scar 
extends for three meters (10 feet) on a 
biD board over a busy Tokyo intersection. 

Harrison Ford is just about everywhere 
in Japan this month, ushering in summer 
with one tine that bis employer hopes will 
become a mantra for the season: 

“Kirin lager beer, please.” 

Summer is an important time for beer- 
drinking, and Japan has the fourth-high- 
est per-capita beer consumption in the 
wood. Thirty-five percent of that beer is 
traditionally consumed in June through 
August, Arme Wall-Smith, an analyst at 
Schroder Securities, said. And despite 
the country’s traditional association with 
sake, or rice wine, fully 70 percent of the 
alcohol consumed here is drunk as beer. 

This summer should be a good one for 
Japanese beer sales, quite apart from Mr. 
Ford’s appeal The forecast is for a hotter 
season than last year, when unseason- 
ably cool weather combined with Japan’s 
economic slump to edge beer sales lower. 

Wanner temperatures will coincide 
with what appears to be a quickening 
Japanese recovery to produce a 3 percent 
to 4 percent rise in beer sales, Miss Wall- 
Smith said, calling that a “relatively 
strong” improvement for the industry. 

“Since last summer was so bad, you 
would expect they would have better 
sales this year,” she said. 

Analysts say that no matter how good 
the summer may be, it won’t brighten the 
generally gloomy picture facing Japan’s 
top four brewers. A battle between small 


and large retailers has created a hostile 
marketing environment, and producer 
prices will be the ultimate casualties. 

Japanese beer consumption fell about 
1.8 percent in 1993, with Kirin Breweries 
Co. saying sales fell 1.4 percent and 
Asahi Breweries Ltd. reporting a decline 
of 2.9 percent. Sapporo Breweries Ltd. 
was the only brewery whose sales rose; 
they were up 3-6 percent. Figures for 

Only 52 percent oi 
'mom-and-pop* stores are 
still selling beer at the 
official retail price. 

private Suntory Ltd. were unavailable. 

Eriko Mizumoro, a spokeswoman for 
Asahi Breweries, said the company's sales 
were likely to rise this summer and be up 4 
percent for the year. Thai compares with 
predictions of a 2 percent rise in 1994 sales 
at Kirin and 3 percent at Sapporo. 

When they reported their 1 993 earnings 
in February, the three breweries all pre- 
dicted higher profits this year. Kirin fore- 
cast a 5.67 percent rise in current profit, 
compared with 2.1 percent at Asahi and a 
mere 035 percent at Sapporo. 

But weather predictions can be wrong 
in both directions: Toshiko Binder, an 
analyst at S.G. Warburg Securities, says 
that in March, this summer was expected 
to be another cool one. 

Whatever the weather, beer makers 
will soon have to lower their prices. 

Last year, 775 percent of the brer sold 
in Japan was sold at small, independent 


retail shops. But chain stores have been 
muscling into this traditional domain 

and tr immin g profit margins to 
market share. 

This month, a liquor store owner, Ya- 
suyuki Hara, filed a complaint with Ja- 
pan’s Fair Trade Commission accusing 
an outlet of a “superstore,” Daiei Inc., of 
selling beer for less than its cost to drive 
him out of business. 

Daiei has been offering cut-rate beer 
by buying it directly from the brewers 
rather than going through the country’s 
multilevel distribution system. 

And a maverick beverage discounter. 
Sari Co., a former health-food chain, has 
been slashing prices on beer to levels that 
make even Daiei look expensive. A can 
of domestic beer at Sari costs about 189 
yen ($1.83), 40 yen below the suggested 
retail price. 

Last month. Sari reported a 15 percent 
increase in parent current profit, to 601 
million yen, for the year ended March 3], 
Sales rose 6.8 percent in the year. 

According to Shuichi Shibanuma, an 
analyst at Morgan Stanley, only 52 per- 
cent of “mom-and-pop” stores are still 
selling beer at the official retail price. 
The rest have discounted their beer. And 
of those still selling at the higher price, 16 
percent said they believed they would 
have to slash prices sooner or later or 
lose their customers. 

For now, the discount is being shoul- 
dered by retailers. But not for long, ana- 
lysts say. 

“Next year, wholesalers and manufac- 
turers wifi have to lower shipment prices 
and include a rebate,’' Mr. Shibanuma 
says. “Retailers will demand it” 


Floods in South China Close Hundreds of Factories 


Bloomberg Stainers New 

HONG KONG — Rising floodwaters 
have closed hundreds of factories across 
southern China, spooking foreign inves- 
tors and fueling concern about inflation 
in Hong Kong. 

The State Flood Control and Drought 
Relief headquarters in Beijing said that 
Guangxi Province was the worst hit, 
with floodwaters forcing the closure of 
more than 300 factories in the dries of 
Liuzhou and Wuzhou alone. 

Weddong heavy rains have caused 
widespread flooding in Fujian, 
Guangxi, Hunan, Jianxi and Guang- 
dong provinces. The official China Dai- 
ly said more than 20 million people had 
been affected but failed to detail the 
extent of the damage. 

Hong Kong investors are closely fol- 
lowing developments in the booming 
province of Guangdong, where they 
nave invested billions of dollars in thou- 
sands of factorira. ‘ 


Herbert Liang, president of the Chi- 
nese Manufacturers Association in 
Hong Kong, said the floods had shut 
down dozens of factories in northern 
Guangdong owned by members of his 
organization. 

Worst hit are the cities of Xuquang, 
Qingyuan and Ylntuk. 

“These places are mostly covered with 
water,” Mr. Liang said. “Factories there 
have all stopped. There’s no power, and 
all the transport has stopped. The situa- 
tion there is very serious/’ 

Mr. Liang said central Guangdong, 
including the capital, Guangzhou, and 
the neighboring dries of Sanshui and 
Xuhing were an threatened. 

“Luckily the flooding has not yet 
spread to the core of the Pearl River 
delta, where the majority of Hong Kong 
manufacturers are located,” David 
Wong, an official at Hong Kong’s Hade 
Development Council, said. 

The Hong Kong economy is already 


being hurt Hong Kong’s RTHK radio 
reported that some vegetable prices had 
doubled and said meat supplies also had 
been affected. 

“The biggest impact for Hong Kong 
will be inflation,” said Ian Perkins, chief 
economist at the Hong Kong General 
Chamber of Commerce. “Food’s the 
most volatile component” of the price 
index, he said, and “if food supplies are 
affected, well be hit down the track.” 

Hong Kong prices at the end of 
March were 73 percent higher than a 
year earlier. The Hong Kong govern- 
ment predicts that inflation will reach 
8.5percent for all of 1994. 

Guangzhou city officials contacted 
Monday said river waters were still ris- 
ing but that the rain had eased. 

A forecaster with Hong Kong's Royal 
Observatory said satellite pictures 
showed moderate rain was still falling 
over parts of Guangdong. 

Transport links have been cut in 


many areas in the five provinces, includ- 
ing the Beijing-Guangzhou rail tine, Mr. 
Liang said. 

Separately, China’s Xinhua news 
agency reported Monday that the World 
Bank had raised its estimate of the size 
of China's economy by 24 percent after 
a recalculation of statistics. 

The new assessment lifts the estimate 
of China’s annual per-capita gross na- 
tional product to $470 from S380. China 
now ranks as the world’s eighth-! argest 
economy — behind Canada — but re- 
mains the 28th poorest. Xinhua said. 

For investment 
information 

Read 

the MONEY REPORT 

every Saturday 

in the IHT , 


Mitsubishi Oil OIL: Growing Asian Thirst Will Boost World Prices Throughout Decade 


Claims Major 
Vietnam Strike 

Bloomberg Business Non 

TOKYO — Mitsubishi 
Ofl Co. said Monday that 
its test drilling site off the 
coast of Vietnam had yield- 
ed 10,346 barrels of ligjit 
crude a day. 

According to the compa- 
ny, tests indicate the find 
could be Southeast Asia’s 
most productive field. Offi- 
cials said that at its peak, 
the first well could yield 
40,000 bands a day. 

Mitsubishi Oil said it 
planned to bain produc- 
tion by late 1998. 

The discovery was made 
off Vung Tau and north of 
the Bara Ho oilfield. Mit- 
subishi companies control 
a 51 percent stake in the 
block, with the remainder 
held by Japan National Oil 
Cbtp. 


ContuaiedfraaiFhge9 
keting and business develop- 
ment at the International Petro- 
leum Exchange of London and 
New York, said Asian demand 
would account for as much as 
half the increase in world use of 
oil by the turn of the century. 

He said Qiina is the world’s 
largest potential source of new 
energy business and would be- 
come “the biggest player” in the 
market for crude an and refined 
products. 

Mr. Fesharaki and Mr. Schu- 
xnan spoke at an oil conference 
in Singapore last week co-spon- 
sored by the International Her- 
ald Tribune and the OH Daily 
Group. 

Paul D. Mlotok, senior oil 
analyst at Morgan Stanley & 
Co. in New York, said oil prices 
would continue to strengthen 
over the next few years as de- 
mand cut into available surplus 
capacity from members of the 
Organization of Petroleum Ex- 
porting Countries. 

He said world oil demand 
probably would grow by about 
13 millio n barrels a day, or 2.4 


percent, this year and would be 
even greater in 1995-97 as 
Asian consumption increases 
and the economic recovery in 
Western industrial nations 
gathers steam. 

With non-OPEC oil supplies 
growing by only about 500,000 
barrels a day, OPEC will have 
to export at least 1 million addi- 
tional bands of oil daily to 
keep pace. 

Mr. Mlotok 1 said all (he 
world’s spare productive capac- 
ity was in OPEC, although he 

exports hare*bcen excluttecl by 
a United Nations embargo 
since its invasion of Kuwait m 
1990. 

Mr. Mlotok said that as glob- 
al oil demand caught up with 
available supply, Iraq would 
have to be brought back into 
the international market, prob- 
ably in late 1996 or early 1997. 
“The industrial world wiD need 
Iraqi o3 to avoid oil price in- 
creases that could fuel inflation 
and slow economic growth,” he 
said. 

As the spread of industry, 


transport and commerce 
throughout Asia generates in- 
creased demand, two of the main 
Asian ofl exporters — China and 
Indonesia — are becoming net 
importers while another major 
consumer, India, faces a rapid 
rise in its imports. 

According to the East-West 
Center, China will become a net 
importer for the first time this 
year. Its oil imports are expect- 
ed to rise to more than 13 mil- 
lion bands a day by the turn of 
the century. 

Indonesia also is expected to 
become a net oil importer by 
the end of the decade, whife 
Indian imports will rise to 1.3 
million bands a day by the eud 
of the 1990s from 560,000 bar- 
rels a day in 1992. 

Currency appreciation is 
helping to underpin oil imports 
by Northeast Asian economies 
such as Japan, South Korea and 
Taiwan, where the East-West 
Center expects total import de- 
mand to nse to nearly 8 million 
bands a day by the eud of the 
decade, a rise of more than a 
million from 1992. 


The Japanese, Taiwanese and 
South Korean currencies have 
risen strongly in recent years 
against the U.S. dollar. 

Mr. Fesharaki said that be- 
cause oil is priced in dollars, the 
appreciation had made it ex- 
tremely cheap for these nations. 
For example, the inflation-ad- 
justed price of oil in 1 993 in yen 
was equal to its price in 1969. 

■ Investment Considered 

Indonesia is evaluating five 
petrochemical and refining pro- 
jects valued at 55 billion as part 
of its new investment commit- 
ments, Knjght-Ridder reported 
Monday, based on a dispatch 
from the OPEC news agency. 

Sanyo to Sastrowardoyo, In- 
donesia’s minister for invest- 
ment development, said the 
country was more optimistic 
about new investment commit- 
ments after recent deregulation. 
Foreign investment plans ap- 
proved in the first five months 
of 1994 totaled S5.1 billion, up 
24 percent from the corre- 
sponding period of 1993. 1 


Sfosq 
• Straits 



Hong Kong 
HangSenjj 
13800 ■ -• 

.SteS 


• 1904^* !•*. . 5. "• ■ 4 'tw* 

■ Exchange^" ...Y' index 

tt^Kong ■ 

Singa pore • Strata Tftnas ■ 

: Sydney .A'? AJ I Ordinaries Y' ; 

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v.. • ■ s^et. ' ;A' . A • 


Tokyo ■ .4: 

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Mdqday ■’ ' Prevr. / % • V" 
GJos6;..=- ' ■ Qa& Change 


2i;152,0£ Srt,5O3.30'.>t^3.'V 
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2yj54£B. 

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2JJ72.79 . ' 2,103^3 ; /K46. ■ . 

’'2,01*87 ' ;+ti3T, 

IniemaBOfMj Herald Tribune 


U.S. Firms 
Rattlefor 
Bridge Oil 

Co/tfUedby Our Suiff From Dispatches 

SYDNEY — A bidding bat- 
tle has erupted between two 
Texas-based oil companies over 
the Australian explorer and 
producer Bridge Oil Ltd. 

Directors of Bridge Ofl rec- 
ommended Monday that share- 
holders accept an offer of 356.7 
million Australian dollars (5262 
million), or 85 cents a share, 
from the U.S. energy group 
Gantry Acquisition Carp. 

Gantry’s bid tops an offer of 
70 cents a share made last 
month by Parka- & Parsley Pe- 
troleum Co., an independent ofl 
and gas company based in Tex- 
as. But Parker & Parsley raised 
its bid to 80 cents Monday. 

“The directors believe that 
shareholders should accept the 
Gantry offer, in the absence of 
another higher offer, and intend 
to do so in respect of the shares, 
which they own personally,” 
Colin Bums, the company sec- 
retary. said. 

Bridge shares closed 9 cents 
higher at 85 cents Monday and 
led the list of most active issues 
on the Australian Stock Ex- 
change. 

Bridge has oil and gas inter- 
ests in Texas, Louisiana and 
New Mexico as well as in Aus- 
tralia. Bridge’s independent fi- 
nancial adviser, Grant Samuel 
& Associates, values Bridge al 
between 95 cents and 1.13 dol- 
lars a share. (Bloomberg, 
Knight-Ridder) 


United States 
Mercers 

ijgir AND 

Acquisitions 

PACE and ROSE 

ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS 
WASHINGTON O C 
1 202 ' T 75 -MM 


LOS ANGELES 
■3 IQ i 3 T 7-2000 


tntfex' .' . «R.73-' ,; . 47655^ 7. ! 

■Now Zealu&J . 7 . . 7 V)7Z.lp . ' 2,103^3 • yi;46. • , 

• ^Somb^''7" 7. , > ffetohal index ' 7" -^041^4 ' 2,01*87 ; ‘ 

Sources: Reuters, AFP ImematioiuJ Herald Tribune 

Very briefiys 

• The Economic Times said its study showed that net profits for 
India’s companies rose an average 82 percent on the year to ApriL 

• Formosa Plastics Grotqi will launch a worldwide campaign to 
promote a 513 billion convertible bond issue. 

• Vietnam has secured a 5100 milli on loan from 14 Thai banks and 
a number of other financial institutions. 

• Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. will spend more than 20 
billion yen ($192 million) to triple its monthly output of thin-film- 
transistor liquid crystal display units. 

• Japan's Fair Trade Comrrassioa said an exception to the rule 
preventing banks from bolding more than 5 percent of another 
company included subsidiaries established to carry out a newly 
authorized business such as securities. 

■ Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. hopes to move 300 to 400 
conventional ship designers to various new product sections. 

• Hitachi Ltd. said production of television frames for sets assem- 
bled in the United States would move to Mexico from Malaysia. 

• UNUM, an insurance company based in Portland, Maine, said it 
had received provisional consent from the Ministry of Finance to 
market its products in Japan. 

• Compagme Generate des Eaux has formed a joint venture with 
Vietnam’s Thang Long Bridge Construction General Co., Overseas 
Labor Export Construction Co. and Campenoo Bernard- SGE to 

bid to bund the Phu My Bridge. 

■ Vietnam's Parliament has instructed the cabinet to look for ways 
to cut the red tape involved in obtaining investment licenses. 

■ Comalco Ltd. of Australia and Sumitomo Chenucal Co. of Japan 
said they would invest $237 million to upgrade their aluminum 
smelter on New Zealand’s South Island. 

• Liu Chong Hing Bank of Hong Kong intends to sell 1 00 million 
new shares at 10 Hong Kong dollars ($139) each in its initial 
public offering, due to open Thursday. 

• Moody's Investors Services Inc. is reviewing its AA-2 rating for 
Sumitomo Life Insurance Co., Japan's third -largest life insurer. 

Reuters. AFP. AFX, Bloomberg 


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Page U 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JUNE 21* 1994 









































































For information on how to list your fund, fax Simon OSBORN at (33-1) 46 37 21 33. 


For expert advice on personal investing. 

Every Saturday; the International Herald Tribune publishes The Money Report, a weekly section that provides 
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Mumu unit the i».* tuRk Twa wi tiie n UNPuiTim hw 


t 



























































































Pa fce 16 


* * 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1994 


Els Snatches U 


The Associated Pr m 

J Pr? M S NT - ^nnsylvama 
Enue Els of South Africa 

JSjjJlf y s - °P en on Monday. 
E?“5 Loren Roberts with 'a 
J*J. on J lhc second hole of a 
sudden -death playoff. 

Ek, a 24-year-old South Afri- 

KJ, “J Robens ’ 38 ’ of ihe 

ujuied States, each plaved the 
scheduled IS’ hole playoff in 3- 
over-par 74, sending the Open 
to sudden death. 

. c olin Mon igomerie shot a 78 
m the three-wav plavoff and 
was eliminated from "the sud- 
den-death format. 

Both Els and Roberts parred 
the first sudden-death hole — 
No. 10 at Oakmoni Country 
Club — before Roberts drove 
into the rough on No. 11. put 
his next shot in a bunker and 




res 


came out to about 20 feel. He 
rimmed out the p-ir putt. 

Els. who pui his approach 1* 
feet to the left of the hole, ran 
his birdie attempt 3 feet long 
but made the comeback to win 
his first major championship. 

“I’ve always wanted to win a 
major." Els said. “Its come 
pretty quick with me. I‘m 24. 
People have to be patient with 
me. I have a long stretch ahead 
of me.’ ? 

Els became the first non- 
American to win the Open since 
1981, when David Graham, of 
Australia, won the event. Els is 
only the third foreign-born 
player to win the Open since 
1927. 

It was a remarkable come- 
back for Els, who opened the 
1 8-hole playoff by going 4-over- 


par over the first two holes with 
a bogey and triple bosev. 

He pulled even with Roberts 
in the generally shabby play 
over the from nine, lost a share 
of the lead from 2 bunker on the 
12th. then regained it when 
Roberts three-putted the !6th. 

Both birdied the Pth and 
Robens sem it to sudden death 
with a ! 0-foot par-saving putt 
on the 1 8th hole. 

Montgomerie, of Scotland, 
took. himself out of it with a 42 
over the frctu nine before fin- 
ishing with a 7-over-par 78. 

A combination of weariness 
caused by temperatures topping 
90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 centi- 
grade). dr. extremely tough 
course and the nerves common 
to U.S. Open playoffs produced 
an almost farcical exhibition in 
the early going. 


Over the first five holes, the 
trio coilecUveiy hit a total of 
only four greens in regulation 
— Including all three on the 
par-5 Fourth. 

At that point they were a col- 
lective ]0 over par and each bad 
at least a double bogey' or high- 
er. 

The 342-yard second served 
as a sorry example of their 
plight — and what was to come. 

Roberts made bogey-5 and 
won the hole. Montgomerie 
flubbed two chips — the first 
two of many for the day — and 
made double bogey. Els made 
triple bogey-7 when he drove 
into the rough, hooked his sec- 
ond unplayable lie under a 
bush, dropped onto an adjacent 
tee, played his fourth through 
the green and three-putted. 

But the trio began to settle 


down after that. Els and Rob- 
erts each 2-putted for birdic-4 
on the ninth and each reached 
the turn in 38, 2 over par. 

Montgomerie had a might- 
mare of a round. He was out in 
42, with consecutive doubles on 
the second and third, and had a 
3-putt from 4 feet — the second 
putt was about 6 feel — on the 
sixth. 

He also made a double bogey 
on the 11th, another poor tee 
shot and another 3-putt, and. 
effectively, was out of it, 

Bui over the last six holes, the 
trio made only one bogey: the 
16th bole 3-putt by Roberts 
that knocked him out of sole 
control of the lead. 

He had to make a 10-footer 
on the IStb to keep it going, and 
saved par with a seven-footer 


on the first hole of sudden 
death. - 

On the next hole, his sand 
shot squirted out to the right 
and he had . to play his fourth 
shot ■ — a 20-footer for par — 
before E3s play e<T jus third : 

The long putt spun out and 
the South African V routmepar 
was good for the victory. 

The first three-man Open 
playoff since 1 963 was set up 
Sunday when all three complet- 
ed the regulation 72 holes at 5- 
under 279. 

Roberts had a chance io win 
it. but fanned a 4^-fbor par 
pun to the right oh the final 
hole. • • ' : 

Needing a par to win, Els also 
bogey ed the 72nd after a poor 
drive. 


Pfaved on wrTl. gWgg ; 

■mat Coontrv at* cow* to P«ii*yire«*0- 

Celln Ntenfsonttrte. Britain n-** 7 **^** 
Ernie Eh. South AtrUS 
Loren Roberts. US. ... 16 ^!^1 

Curtis Strange. US. 

John Cow. US . 

Ores Norman. Australia TI-TI-JJ-JWIJ. 
Clark CWnnW. US. H-TI-W-*-®* 

Tom Wotaon. US 
Duthr WoHorf. US . 

JeH Magpert. US 
JeH Stamm, US 
Frank 'HoUk. t*tv Zwkrt* 

72-72-70-71— as 

72-7l-69-74-»6 
7V7145-76-2M 
7MWB-73— 287 

70-72-73-70-387 
6949-71-7&— 2fl? 

73.72-76-fl*— 280 

7446-71-77-4W 


jim McGovern, US 
Scott Hoch. us 
DovW Edwards. US - 
Free Couples. US 
Sim Lowry, US 
Set* Ballesteros. Spain 
Scott Verotank. US 
Hale Irwin. US 
Sam Torranefc Britain 
Sieve Pole. US 


smwe rm*. u* __ 

Bernhard Looser, Oormany 72-ra-73-72--2ay 


Kirk Triple*. US 
Cnslo Parry. A os! ro I to 

MJlca sprew. US 
CMP Beck, US. 
Mesoohi Orakl. Jopwi 
D avis Love, US. 
jack NlcJetaui US 
Jim Furvfc. US 


70-71-71 -77—39 
7WO-71.72-T90 
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73-7>TO-7*— 29Q 
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Sampras and Navratilova 
Advance at Wimbledon 


The Associated Pros 

WIMBLEDON. England — 
Pete Sampras served 25 aces 
Monday as he opened his bid 
for a second consecutive Wim- 
bledon title with a straight-set 
victory over a fellow American. 
Jared Palmer. 

The top-seeded Sampras, 
who saved two set points in the 
first set, posted a 7-6 (7-4), 7-5. 
6-3 victory on a cool, cloudy 
day at the All England Club. 

“I was really serving as well 
as I could," said Sampras, who 
couldn't recall hitting so many 
aces in one match. “He didn't 
have a clue where it was going." 

Four other former Wimble- 
don champions — Andre 
Agassi. Bons Becker. Stefan 
Edberg and Martina Navrati- 
lova — also advanced. 

The biggest cheers of the day 
were for Navratilova, the nine- 
time champion who is playing 
at Wimbledon for the 22d and 
last time. 

Navratilova received a stand- 
ing ovation of nearly a minute 
before the match as she walked 
onto Center Court. She smiled. 


waved, winked and put her 
hand over her heart in apprecia- 
tion — then went out and beat 
the 19-year-old British wildcard 
Clair Taylor 6-2. 6-3 in less than 
an hour. 

Sampras saved the first set 
against Palmer, a doubles spe- 
cialist ranked No. 57 in the 
world, with an ace. Sampras 
held to force the tiebreaker, 
which he closed out with a ser- 
vice winner. 

“Once I got the first set under 
my belt, I just relaxed." Sam- 
pras said. 

Agassi, the 1992 Wimbledon 
champion, outplayed the rising 
Italian star Andrea Gaudenzi 6- 
2. 6-7 (7-3), 6-3, 6-2 in an ani- 
mated Centre Court match. 

Agassi's only lapse came in 
the second-set tiebreaker, when 
he served two double faults to 
allow Gaudenzi to even the 
match. But Agassi look com- 
mand for good when he broke 
the Italian with a forehand pass 
early in the third seL 

In contrast to most grass- 
court matches, this one includ- 
ed baseline rallies, lobs, drop 


Pierce Death Threats Cited 

Compiled hr Our Sufi From Dispatches 

LONDON — A series of death threats caused Mary Pierce 
to withdraw from Wimbledon, a tournament official said 
Monday. 

Tne official said the 19-year-old French Open finalist 
received two calls on Friday’saying that she would be mur- 
dered if she played at Wimbledon. 

The official made it clear that there was no suggestion that 
the player's estranged father, who has been banned from 
attending tournaments and has a history’ of verbal and physi- 
cal abuse toward his daughter, was behind the calls. 

Pierce, who travels with her French mother, Yannick, was 
bounced out of the junior division of a warm-up tournament 
at Eastbourne in the first round. 

That prompted some players to suggest she was using her 
father as a “smokescreen" and that she was frightened of 
losing in the Wimbledon first round. 

I AFP. Reuters) 


shots and diving gets. Both 
players sought to entertain the 
crowd, with Agassi pretending 
to be a ballboy at one point. 

As Agassi left the court to a 
huge ovation, he reminded 
Gaudenzi — a rookie at Wim- 
bledon — to bow to the Royal 
Box. 

Becker, a three-time Wimble- 
don champion who is seeded 
No. 7. showed no effects of re- 
cent injuries as he swept past 
David Wheaton 6-2. 6-4, 6-3. 

Becker was expected to have 
a tough match gainst Wheaton, 
a serve-and-volley specialist 
who reached the Wimbledon 
semifinals in 1991. But Becker 
was in charge throughout as he 
extended his career record to 6- 
0 over Wheaton without losing 
a set. 

Two-lime champion Edberg 
was a 6-2. 7-6 (7-3). 6-4 winner 
over Ellis Ferreira, a South Af- 
rican qualifier 

No. 10 Michael Chang was 
the first men's seed to advance 
to the second round as he beat 
Alberto Costa of Spain 7-6 (7- 
2). 6-4. 6-2. No. 1 1 Petr Korda 
of the Czech Republic downed 
John Fitzgerald of Australia 6- 
2, 6-1. 6-4. 

In the only real upset of the 
day. unseeded Richard Kraji- 
cek — a grass-court specialist 
considered perhaps the most 
dangerous "floater" in the draw 
— was eliminated 6-3, 6-2. 5-7. 
7-6 (7-5) by Australia's Darren 
Cahill. 

In other women's matches. 
No. 6 Kimiko Date beat her 
Japanese countrywoman, Ai 
Sugiyama. 6-3, 7-6 (7-0): No. 1 1 
Mary* Joe Fernandez defeated 
Karina Habsudova of Slovakia 
6-4. 6-2; and No. 14 .Amanda 
Coetzer of South Africa posted 
a 6-4, 6-0 win over Elena Lik- 
hovtseva of Kazakhstan. 

Top-seeded Steffi Graf of 
Germany opens her bid for a 
fourth straight Wimbledon title 
on Tuesday. 



-. ElOfv. HorraiMgtntt Franct prcu* 

Pete Sampras lunging to return the ball to Jared Palmer, whom be defeated in straight sets on Monday, Wimbledon's opening day. 



luD ABcn/Tte ABeoalM PlBi 

Boris Becker, a three-time Wimbledon champ, took a tumble but rose again and, with 16 aces, defeated David Wheaton, 6-2, 6-4, 6-3. 


First-Day Results : 
At Wimbledon 


MBITS SINGLES 

Michael Tettalt, Ausfrolla iW. ft*** 
•W etes. ua. 8-3. 8-0. fr-3, Christian Saceonu. 
Gaananv.cM. Stwhone Sttnwiv Franc8.M- 
£1*3: Chuck Adam, UA. dmt. Jos* Francis 
Altar, Spain, M.7-S, 64; MichoBi Chano «io». 
UJL det Alberto Costa. Spain, 7-6 17 21. tr*. ” 
2: Andm» Foxier. Brtioln, Uef. Guirtounw 
Room. Fnmce/34, 8-2. 4-2, 6-1; Mark Wood - 
fente/Ausfrbfiot del. 5hu» Motewka. Jtswn. 
6-2.7-&6-I; Petr Korda mi. each RrpubUc, 
det John FBwernM. Australia. 4-Z 6-1. M,- 
Daniel Vac»fc.'CMeh Republic, net Gerard 
Solves. Franz. 6-C 4.Z. M. SA 4-2.’ Fatrlay 
tollmen, Germany. OH. Maurice RtnfbVene- 
71*10,6-3. 7-5. 0-*. 5-7. M ■ Cortes Costa. Soakv 

de9.Al»iecrBrlerhU^:2^.S6.7-60-5) .6-4.fr l. 

- nkhey Be ne b ere. hcuslarvdel. Jfftatnop 
. Canter, U 7-6 (WL63.7-6 (7-51: a»r& Wl- 
Mnsoa Br train. OmarCompon a e. itol >. 
64. S4, 6-13-6. 7*5: Jean-PMiteP R«vr tore 
Franco, def. Sknon Voirt. Aosttoli<v6a 6-*. 6-7 
r7-A> 6-7 (7-41, 6-1; Nicolas Pereira. Venezue- 
la. del. Remo Furtan. Hotv. MKHW: 
Baris Becker tn^errnow. Set OovkI wbei}- 
hw, U5.4-Z646-J; Jahnc Vsasa. Peru drt. 
Nictates Gould. Britain. M.7-6 17-41,6-7 (7 51, 
**7 Si Greg RnedskL Caaada, det. Ntokloi 
KuM. Sweden. 6-3. 6-4, &\2: Stofan Edberg Of, 
Sweden, det EDIs Ferreira, South Alrtca^-Z U 
6(7-31,6-4: Prte 5om8raxm.ua. drt. Jarrt 
. PObner,UJu7-6 (7-4>, 7-5. 6-3: Jcromr Balf. 
BrUaULdeC Gkrtoca Pool lhtfv. 7-5. 6-4. 6-1. 

■ Serai BniBweratm.apnln. det. Barry Cmweu 
. Britain. 6-2. 6-4. 6-3; ArnaThorm, Germapr. 
det B*md K m bocl f , GermonVi J-A. *-l W. cr. 
All-9: DavM Prtnosk. Germany, oet. TTmolhv 
Herman. Brtrata 4-6. 6-1 W; Grant Cod’ 

MlLCaixxte.det.StrtanoP»sanoltoa.noN.^- 
464.6-4; JaccoBtkisb. NettiertoreJs, deL Sv- 
bastlen Lareou. Canada. 6-1 6-Z-6-Q; Kenneth 
Gortaaiv Denmark, del Marc Goedner. Ger- 
matv, 64 6-1 7-6(70); Mark Knbwtei Baho- 
. rmdeL Andre) Owrkoso/.RUBNa 6A.7-5. 7+ 
(Ml; joernRenzanbilnk, Germany, del. Vaji- 
VarWnMrwMR. ua.74 (7-3). *4 76 (Mil 
Aaare Aaassl (121, U&.det Andrea Gaudemi. 
JWV.62.6-7 (F31. 6-3. k-7, Jakob VUasek. Swlt- 
eertaudef. Mew Bnwn. il JL.57^1, 7 S, 6-3.'. 
' Mcrkus Zoertta Cenmny, dot Miles Ms- 
ctfigan, Britain, 64 6-lM; Goran Ivanisevic 1 

(41 .CroattorfM. Fernando MeUemi, Brazil, 6* 

. 1,43.64,- Darren Cahill, Austrafla-der. RlcB- 
. ord Krafkzk.Neitiertands.M^-ZS-7.7-6 (7- 
5); Jason Stattenberg, . Australia, dot. Pou* 
Hoarbvb. Hrtaertands 7-6 17-31. A-J. A4. v 

••• WOMENS SINGLES — ' *“ 

Irina Soirtrd Borrianlo, del. Montane Jawrcl 
Brttoki^-1,6-2; NataalteTauzlai, France, (tec 
MO Cartsean, Sweden, 6-2, -6-1: Aiaandq 
Garfzer ( M. South Afrtccutef-Elena UfcfiavF 
. uva Kazakhstan 44 M; Elna Reteacj). 
South Africa, det Joanetta Kruger. Souin Af- 
rica 7-6 (»6i. M; Kristine Radtard, Austra-' 
Ha. dec Angelica GavahSn Metacoi, M: 
Rodka Bobkawa CMcti Republic, det. Lud- 
miOa Rldmerava. Czech Repubffc 6-1 «•{, 
Eteno Brlouknareta, ukratae.def. Alexandra 
Fbeot, France. « 7-5; Domtotaw Moncmn. 
BoWvm. dot JgoniirwarW.Brttahv 6-0. 6-3; 
Kknlko Data (61, Japan, dec A I Sugfvunur 
Japan^-17-6 (7-W; Mary Joe Fernaadei (UTi 
U^deCKarlnaHabMtewisSievafcia6-46.2. 

Claire W ko tn k. N elhertandx. del. Mwn» 
MtaimrrigfrL Brttata 6-2.63: Loatee Field, Auv 
India dot Chondo Rubta Ui„64 67 (7-0. fr^.- 
SWrH-AnnSadan.Braoln.detCnristMiaSlTOer, 
Germany, 64 5-7, 7-5; Brenda Sebum, Nether 
teteL deC Ufld Mcseni Georato. 2-*. 61 64; 
-Ginger UUueeo o , AWne, CaUL dot Vcranfria 
MorNnek, Ger many, VJ. 63; Barbara Rlttner, 

64;. Sancfra CeccWnr, Italy, det. Patrick] Hv. 
Canadiv6-164; NockoSowamaisu. japan, der. 
CaroHne Vis. H elhcriMidA 74 (74>, m. . . 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 




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SPORTS 

* Gooden Returns 
To Form as Mets 
Defeat Marlins 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1994- 


Page 17 


Result 

iwhledon 

T5V : 

. • * "■ -Sib 


: -'Mn, 

: ... » w 


Tie i4jjocunerf Press 

Dwight Gooden couldn't buy 
thegtft he gave his father. 

“This made for a special 
day ” said Gooden, who al- 
lowed three hits over eight in- 
ain^s in the New York Mets* 6- 
I victory over the Florida 
Marlins on Sunday in Miami 

NL ROUNDUP 

“It was nice knowing he was out 
there, that he was able to make 
it.” 

“No, 1 didn't buy him any- 
thing for Father’s Day." he 
added. “I think this will do." 

Gooden, who missed nearly 
two months because of liga- 
ment damage to his right big 
toe, picked up his first victory 
since April 16 against Houston, 
walked one and struck out six. 

. He returned on June 9. but 
lost his next two outings. But on 
Sunday, with his father, Dan, in 
Joe Robbie Stadium to see him 
pitch for the first time in six 
years, Gooden looked like the 
pitcher who has won at least IS 
games six times in his career. 

“I still think Pm just as good 
of a pitcher as I was before," 
Gooden said. “Fm a smarter 
pitcher than I was six or seven 
years ago. For m^ the key is 
focusing on every hitler. When 1 
was younger, I guess I could get 
away with not doing that.” 

Dan Gooden, 66, has been 
unable to see his son pitch since 
1988 because of poor health, 
including a kidney ailment and 
five operations related to a re- 
cent hip replacement. The elder 
Gooden, who walks with the aid 
of crutches, was able to make 
the trip to Miami from his home 
in Tampa along with thejpar- 
ents of the Marlins’ right field- 
er, Gary Sheffield, who is 
Dwight Gooden’s nephew and 
Dan’s grandson, 

Greg Colbrann accounted 
for Florida’s only run off Goo- 
den with a home ran in the 
second. 

“He probably threw more ex- 
plosive fast balls the last time 
,OUt," said the Mets’ manager , 

« Dallas Green. “Seeing him 
again, 1 know if s on target 
What I really liked about him 
tonight was ms breaking stuff. 
It was more dominant than be- 
fore. From the second inning 
tin, he was really in rhythm.” 

• New York scored two runs in 
the first off Charlie Hough, 
whose knuddebaH was all over ■ 
the place. Hough, who threw a 
five-hit shutout in his last out- 
ing, left in the third with Hon- 
da trailing, 4-0. He walked six 
and hit two batters. 

Cobs 10, Giants 6: Sbawon 


Dunston homered on the first 
pitch of the game and added a 
solo shot in the fifth inning as 
Chicago won at Candlestick 
Park. Kevin Foster, traded 
from Philadelphia to the Cubs 
for Shawn Boskie earlier this 
season, won his first major 
league game. He gave up five 
runs and six hits in 516 innings. 

Dodgers 7, Rockies 3: Mike 
Piazza hit a grand slam and tied 
a career high with five RBls, in 
Los Angeles. Piazza singled 
home the game's first run in the 
sixth off Kevin Ritz. In the sev- 
enth, he connected against 
Kent Boltenfield for his second 
career slam and 15lh homer of 
the season. 

Pedro Astado gave up just 
two hits and an unearned run 
before tiring in the ninth. 

Padres 5, Astros 1: Tony 
Gwynn hit a disputed three-run 
homer and Scott Sanders struck 
out a career-high 1 1 in San Die- 
go. Gwynn’s eighth homer put 
the Padres ahead, 4-1, in the 
fifth. Terry Collins, the Astros' 
manager, argued in vain that 
the ball had bounced off the top 
of the center-field fence ana 
caromed back into play. 

Brian Williams was the vic- 
tim of five unearned runs and 
had his four-game winning 
streak slopped. 

Phflfies 13, Expos 0: In Mon- 
treal, pitcher Bobby Munoz had 
three nits and his first two ma- 
jor-league RBls, and Darren 
Danlton homered as Philadel- 
phia completed a three-game 
sweep. 

Daulton hit his 14th homer, 
added an RBI double and 
scored three times as the Phil- 
lies roughed up Jeff Fassero, 
who came wi thin one out of a 
no-hitter in his last outing. 

In earlier games, reported 
Monday in some editions of the 
Herald Tribune: 

Reds 12, Braves 4: Cincinnati 
had a team-record four home 
runs in the first inning and rout- 
ed the Braves in Atlanta for the 
second straight day. The 
Braves, with the lowest ERA 
and best record in the majors, 
woe pounded 16-0 Saturday. 
The Reds got 20 hits in that 
£ame, and got 20 more Sunday, 
including homers by Hal Mor- 
ris, Kevin Mitchell, Jeff Bran- 
son and Eddie Taubensee in a 
seven-run first inning. 

Pirates 3, Cardinals 2: Zane 
Smith pitched seven strong in- 
nings in 101-degree beat (38 de- 
grees centigrade) at Busch Sta- 
dium in Sl Louis. Orlando 
Merced and Jeff King homered 
leading off the seventh against 
Vicente Palacios, giving Pitts- 
burgh a 3-1 lead. 



Rockets Defeat Knicks 
To Even NBA Final, 3-3 


S? /»**■** ' fi< 

Bih f J_rmni nth/ a^ttkv France IYc>< 


The Rockets' Hakeem Obyuwou driving against John Starks of the Knicks in Game 6 in Houston. 


By Anthony Cotton 

Washington Past Sorrier 

HOUSTON — In the bedlam 
that engulfed the Summit after 
the Houston Rockets' 86-84 vic- 
tory over the New York Knicks 
in Game 6 of the NBA finals, a 
league official quietly walked 
out of a side entrance with the 
Lawrence O’Brien trophy — 
which is given to the league 
champion — under wraps. 

The trophy wDl be back again 
on Wednesday, but now. thanfc-c 
to Hakeem Olajuwon, there’s 
scone question as to who will be 
the recipient 

After evening the besi-of-sev- 
en series at 3-3 behind 
Olajuwon, the Rockets believe 
the National Basketball Associ- 
ation's reigning most valuable 
player wflJ lead them to their 
first title in Game 7 on Wednes- 
day. Olajuwon scored a game- 
high 30 points and made a pair 
of critical defensive plays, de- 
flecting a game-winning three- 
point attempt by the Knicks' 
John Starks at the buzzer just 40 
seconds after stealing a pass 
from Starks to Patrick Ewing. 

“He’s one game away from 
the world championship,’ 7 said 
the Houston guard Sam Cassefl. 
“I think bell bring his best 
game and when he does, we're 
unstoppable." 

It was Olajuwon who, mo- 
ments after stealing Starks's at- 
tempted pass to Ewing, gave 
Houston an 86-82 lead with two 
free throws with 39.3 seconds to 
play. The sequence set the 
crowd off on what proved to be 
a premature celebration, for 
seven seconds after a Knicks 
timeout, Anthony Mason hit a 
short baseline jump shot to cut 


Athletics Slash Rangers’ Lead in West 


The Associated Press 

The Oakland Athletics are in contention 
in the American League West after closing 
the gap on first-place Texas to 6 l 6 games in 
the past week. 

“That is a helluva road trip," Manager 
Tony La Russa said Sunday after the Ath- 
letics beat the Rangers 5-0 to complete an 

AL ROUNDUP 

8-2 road trip. “It was outstanding and that 
keeps your heart beating." 

Steve Ontiveros, who sat out the 1992 
season and spent most of last season in the 
minors, pitched six shutout innings. 

“Fm exhausted but I’m a happy ex- 
hausted,” said Ontiveros, who has allowed 
one earned run in 22% innings- “To sweep 
this team here with the guys they have in 
their lineup isn’t easy. We’re pumped. 
We’re playing good bail.” 

Ontiveros allowed three hits before he 
experienced rightness in his right groin. 


Billy Taylor and Dave Leiper finished the 
four-hitter against the Rangers. 

Ruben Sierra went 2-for-4 with a homer 
and two RBIs for the A’s. who have a 
season-high six-game winning streak. Oak- 
land, which trailed Texas by 13 games on 
June 13, now returns home for nine 
straight. 

Texas, clinging to a two-game lead over 
second-place Seattle, has lost six straight 
and finished a 14-game homestand at 5-9. 

Rqyals 12, Mariners 9: In Kansas City. 
Missouri, Greg Gagne hit an inside-the- 
park homer off center fielder Quinn 
Made’s glove is a seven-run seventh. Mack 
was playing center field because Ken Grif- 
fey was" used as designated hitter. 

In earlier games, reported Monday in 
some editions of the Herald Tribune: 

Tigers 3, Blue Jays I: Greg Gohr got ihe 
victory in Detroit, pitching into the eighth 
in the second start of his career. He al- 
lowed six hits in 7% innings, walked two 
and struck out a career-high seven. 

White Sox 7, Angels I: In Chicago. Scott 


Sanderson had a no-hitter through 6% in- 
nings and finished with a three-hitter. Ron 
Karkovicehada three-run homer and four 
RBIs and Frank Thomas drove in a ran 
with a triple, his first since 1992. 

Brewers 10, Yankees 7: Greg Vaughn 
homered twice, Matt Mieske hit a two-run 
homer and Kevin Sdtzer drove in three 
runs in a 3%-hour game played in 96- 
degree heat (35 degrees centigrade) in New 
York. 

Twins 10, Orioles 4: In Baltimore, Pat 
Meares hit his first two career home runs far 
Minnesota after going 498 at-bats without 
one. “1 was shocked," Manager Tom Kelly 
admitted. “Everybody was. Weren’t you?” 

Indians 6, Red Sox 5*. Jack Morris got 
his 250th career victory and Cleveland won 
its 18th straight home game, coming from 
behind to beat the skidding Red Sox. Bos- 
ton has lost 1 1 straight games — its longest 
losing streak since 1932. 

Cleveland’s streak at Jacobs Field is the 
best in the majors since Boston won a 
record 24 straight at Fenway Park in 1988. 


the deficit to two. Then, unable 
to get a good shot off, the Rock- 
ets’ Kenny Smith missed a lean- 
ing jumper that barely beat the 
24-second dock. New York re- 
bounded and called time out 
with 7.6 seconds left. 

Two seconds after play re- 
sumed, the Rockets — with just 
three team fouls against them 
— fouled Starks, forcing New 
York inbounds once again. As 
expected. New York once again 
gave the ball to Starks, who had 
scored a team-high 27 points, 
including 16 in the fourth quar- 
ter. Ewing set a pick for Starks 
but Olajuwon switched over, 
extending his hand and sending 
the shot off course. 

“That was the game plan, to 
switch on the pick-and-rofi,” 
said Olajuwon, who played with 
five fouls over the final 6:10. “I 
was just trying to get close to 
the balL 

“I recovered just enough to 
make him change his shot and I 
got a piece of the ball/' 

In the fourth quarter, 
Olajuwon had eight points, 
three rebounds, two blocked 
shots and his crucial steal but 
as good as he was, Olajuwon 
wasn’t the only reason why the 
Rockets forced the first cham- 
pionship series Game 7 since 
the Los Angeles Lakers beat 
Detroit in 1989. The Rockets 
limited the Knicks to 38-per- 
cent shooting and their bench 
outscored New York’s, 25-7. 

Smith, who had been virtual- 
ly buried on Houston's bench 
down the stretch for most of the 
series, not only played the final 
6:47, but also hit a 3-jpoint bas- 
ket with 3:18 r emaining , giving 
Houston an 84-77 advantage. It 


was just the fourth 3-pointer of 
the series for Smith, who had 
made 10 in the Rockets' five- 
game Western Conference fin- 
als victory over Utah. 

Smith’s shot also sent the 
Summit crowd of 16,611 into 
hysteria, but Starks quickly si- 
lenced it, scoring on a driving 
layup and hitting his fifth three- 
pointer of the game to make the 
score 84-82. At that point, it 
looked — even to the Houston 
players — as if the veteran 
guard, who scored 11 points in 
the fourth quarter of each of the 
previous two games, would 
once again lead the Knicks to 
victoiy down the stretch. 

“You were just watching him 
going, “Somebody please guard 
him, don’t let him get a shot off 
or at least foul him hard and let 
him know you’re there,’ ” said 
the Houston forward Robert 
Horry. 

After the game, Starks, upset 
over his late-game turnover and 
missed shot, would not com- 
ment Nearby, however, sat his 
teammate Derek Harper. 

“Now it’s about who’s going 
to step up and win a champion- 
ship ring,” he said. “There’s 
pressure on them, there’s pres- 
sure on us. Game 7 will proba- 
bly come down to the last min- 
ute — and the Knicks wfll come 
out on top.” 

That certainly wasn’t the sen- 
timent in the Houston locker 
room. 

“No team is going to lay 
down and give a team a chance 
to win a championship on their 
home court,” said Horry. “We 
didn't do it in the sixth game 
and I don’t suppose well do it 
in Game 7.” 


Seeking a Boost, Giants 
Sign Strawberry for Season 

The Associated Press 

SAN FRANCISCO — Darryl Strawberry needed a place 
to play and the San Francisco Giants needed a right fielder. 
So they made a deal. 

Strawberry signed with the Giants on Sunday, six weeks 
after his release from a drug treatment center and four weeks 
after being waived by the Los Angeles Dodgers. 

“There’s a risk when you get up in the morning; life is a 
risk,” said Bob Quinn, the general manager of the Giants. 
“We’re willing to take whatever risk is involved because we’re 
convinced that this man is ready to turn his life around and 
play good solid baseball for the Giants." 

Qumn said the Giants hoped to have Strawberry in right 
field by the All-Star break next month to replace Willie 
McGee, out for the season with a ruptured Achilles tendon. 
The team is hoping the eight-lime All-Star can regain his form 
and revive the team's slumping offense, ranked among the 
worst in the majors. 

Strawberry, 32, was signed to a contract for the rest of the 
1994 season, Quinn said. Financial terms were not disclosed. 

The troubled outfielder, who was released by the Dodgers 
on May 25. will not be available for comment until later this 
month, Quinn said. 


VV-tf 

5f J 






IARD 



* 


’■*" Boxer Morrison Charged in Assault 

***** KANSAS CITY, Missouri (AP) — Tommy Morrison, former 
bolder the WBO heavyweight title, was arrested after allegedly 
punching a man outside police headquarters. 

! Morrison had just posted bond for a friend, arrested in an 
up earlier disturbance, when he got into an argument with a man 
jP posting bond for someone in the same, disturbance, a police 
% . spokesman said. Morrison was charged with nonaggravated as-. 
sJmlt and released on bond. 

L ! in December, Morrison was charged with public intoxication 
SI and assault involving a University of Iowa student at an Iowa City 

’ restaurant He pleaded guilty and paid about 5300 in fines, but 
denied the allegations. 

f- Record for Kiwi Cricketer at Lord’s 

' / * LONDON (AFP) — Dion Nash of New Zealand on Monday 

-ijecame tiw first cricketer to score 50 and take 10 wickets in a Test 
.-■■'match at the Lord's cricket ground. • , 

^ . The Kiwi all-roander wrote Mmsdfmto the record books just 

before the tea interval by taking the vital wicket of Alec Stewart. 1 
JfariL who scored his maiden Test half-century on Fnday and 
took six wickets in England's first inning*, sparked Kiwi dreams 
df a first vfctoiy at Lord’s from the third over of toe final day. 

~ - ■ He removed England captain Michael Atherton for 33, Bryan 

Young taking a fine catch at second slip. Five balls later Nash 
trapped Graham Gooch in front for a duck. 

4 7 • . 

BodvJFoimd in Norwegian Mountains 

. *. OSLO (AFP) — ■ The body of a man believed to be the brother 

of theNOTWegian skier Vegard Ulvang, Ketil Ulvang. was found 
^ inFidtevmmmnortheni Norway, the pobce said Monday. 

KetB Ulvang, 32. often trained with Vegard and was his 
v physiotherapist. He disappeared while jogging in the mountains 
dueTO^^WMther^mditions m Oetober- Severa 1 thousand 

people were involved in the original search, which was called off 

a silver medal at d* 

the 4x10 cross-country relay, had said bus 
sloih&jwasaffac^ by the disappearance of his brother. Ninety 
^^^^partiripated in the renewed search on Sunday and were 
H°4^:^niffitajry helicopters. 

For SieRecord 

I RrUce&W sfawpofimr in his comeback attempt wi th the Texas 
Rrmpef g. 36, was 2-1 with a 7.1 1 ERA in eight 

■•’V starts’ this ge&ari; he was 145-1 13 with a 3.92 ERA in 15 seasons, 
/ with, BoBfial'Mi Diego, Colorado and Texas. jnr) 

Donald heavyweight fight at HoDy- 

ybr woodFadfin Cafifontiaon July 15 

T ffeh* htTa^y^^^Buster Mathis Jr. (L^T). 

^ Quotable 

~ A J « “j get up at 6 am, no matter what time it 

Of the am F«o«?»_. e 5™S±H“ S 


. ' SA 


Major League Standings 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 
East Dfvtstoo 



W 

L 

Pet. 

New York 

39 

27 

sr\ 

Bcdttmoro 

31 

29 

-561 

Detroit 

34 

32 

■SIS 

Boston 

33 

34 

.485 

Toronto 

31 

35 

A 70 


GEatm DtvMaa 


Cleveland 

« 

25 

■41S 

Minnesota 

37 

V ' 

J61 

Chicago 

35 

30 

£38 

KoneosCtty 

35 

32 

£22 

Milwaukee 

31 

34 

A43 


West Division 


Texas 

31 

34 

M3 

Seattle 

29 

38 

M3 

California 

30 

40 

MS 

Oakland 

25 

41 

£48 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 


EatfDMilan 



W 

L 

Pd. 

Aftalta 

<3 

23 

A52 

Montreal 

40 

27 

£97 

BUI^atohlxf 

riDMXQifno 

35 

34 

-907 

Ftartoo 

34 

35 

jm 

New York 

32 

34 

An 


Central Division 


Cincinnati 

38 

29 

£47 

Houston 

38 

30 

JS9 

St LOUIS 

33 

33 

£00 

Pittsburgh 

31 

34 

Mi 

ChlcnOD 

27 

39 

XX 


Wat Division 


Los Angelas 

35 

33 

£15 

Cotorada 

31 

37 

j454 

San Francisco 

28 

39 

ASS 

Son Diego 

24 

42 

JO 


Sunday’s Line Scores 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 
Taranto 001 MB 001—1 7 0 

Detroit HI MB Mx-3 5 • 

■ Gutman and Knorr; Gohr, Groom (BI.Gar- 
dtaer tv> dm Kreutor.W-GofM-.3-a l— G ut- 
men. 4-7. 5V— Gardiner Ml. HRs— -Toronto, 
Knorr (2). Detroit, TetfMon (131. 

b«hmi ioi no oso—5 n o 

m ■■iniMi ms on tott it s o 

FbTjtvuM, Howard (51, Harris M). Russell 
Oi and Rowfafld; Morris. LllllauW (Bl.Sbuev 
(?) md Alomar. W— Morris, 0-4 L — Harris 2- 
4.S*-— Sbuev 151. HR— Boston. Bruoanstcr 111. 


Minn esot a OM OM 013-10 15 0 

Baltimore 300 0M 200- 4 12 1 

Mahomw. WUls (71. Guthrie (71. Aguilera 
(»» md Wohedi; OaulU. Williamson at. Bol- 
ton («), Ektinom 191 and TacfceK. W— Ma- 
tomes. 7-2. L — Oqutet. 2-2. HRs— Minnesota. 
Moores 2 (2). Hrtoek 14). Balllnwo. Sato (51. 
MBwoti fcM IN 302 010—10 17 0 

New York oil ooo ill— 7 is 0 

Boms. Orosco m, Henry (7>, Unvd ill, 
Fetters (9) and Harper ; MuThaJiand, Heman- 
des (». Gibson (7). Howe (9) and SianJey. 
W— Bonos. 7-4. L— Hernandez. 3-3. HR*— Mil- 
waukee, vausbn 2 (141. MieMe (7). 
California DM 000 001— I 3 1 

CWaWO Oil 2X BOX— 7 15 0 

Flirttv. Deasan (5), Letter** (71 and Fabre- 
aas. Turner (4); Sanderson and Korkowlce, 
LoVoJhene (I). W— Sanderson, S-X L— F Inlev, 
54. HR — Chlcmv Korkovice |7). 

Seattle 130 011 Ml— 9 12 2 

Kansas Clly 131 OM 79*— n 15 I 

5a Die 14 Cummings (21. M. Hill (*>. T. Davis 
(7), Rlslev (0), Gossan* (91 and Haseitnan; 
Gubtam Magnonle (7). Pichardo 17} and 
Moyne and Mactortane 17). W—FldiMda. 2-2. 
L— R1 Bley. 5-4. HRs— Kansas Cl tv. Gasne 14), 
Sbumnert (7); Seattle. E. Mart Inez (4), Antho- 
ny (71. 

On* load 201 100 Ml— 5 0 0 

Texas 000 0M 000-0 4 I 

Ontiveros. Tovtor (71, Leiper IS) and Sleto- 
baeft; Hooeri Oliver (8), Whtlesld* (9) and 1. 
Rodriguez. W— Ontiveros, 3-2. L— Roaers, 0-4. 
HR— Sierra (17) oft Roaer*. 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
Cincinnati 702 000 013—12 29 1 

Attcmta 320 0M 0M— 4 15 1 

Rllo. McElrey (4) and Tauterisee; Smoltz, 
Bedrasian I4),stmtan (4), Wohlers (0), Olson 
(91 and CBtIul W— Rtw. ir( L — S mol ft, 5-7. 
HRs— Cincinnati. Morris (4). Mitchell I IB). 
Branson (2). Taubensee 2 (3). Altonia. 
McGriH (W>. 

pmsburtt on ooi ooo-d 7 o 

St. Louis 100 000 010-2 II 0 

Smith, White (8), Dewey ( 9 1 . Manzanillo IB), 
Pena 191 ant Slought; Patadas. Eversoord 
C7J. Rodrlaua* (6). Hobyon It) and McGHtf. 
W— Smith, 74. L— PBtoelos.i-S.Sv— Pena (41. 
HRs— SI. Louis. Jetfenles (71. Pittsburgh. 
Merced (21. King (21. 

Colorado DM DM 102 — J I • 

Los Angeles so* dm 4te-7 S 3 . 

Rltz. Batfenfield (7). Moore (B), and Glr- | 
ardl; Astacfe T4 Worrell (91 and Piazza. 
W-Astacta.S.i.L— Rttz.l-4.HR— Piazza M5J. 
Houston goo no ooo— i 5 7 

Sib Mean tit mo OU-* 7 1 


T4l1 ly 

niitflfrf'.ill 


BeraihS&ribun? 

IW4nllWnrV.MIWnd11rhMfl.il. 

LIVING IN THE U.S.? 
Now Printed in 
Newvdrk 
For Same day 

DELIVERY IN KEY CITIES 

TO SUBSCRIBE. CALL 

1 - 800-882 2884 

(IN NEW YORK, CALL 212-752-3890) 


B. Williams 14), Powell 17}, To. Jorws (7) 
and EuseMa; 5. Sanders. PA. Martinez (8), 
Mattman (91 and Ausmus.w—5. Sanders. 3-4. 
L— B. Williams. 4-1 Sv— HoHmon (121. 
ailaseo no 4io ooo — 10 14 3 

San Francisco 011 201 081— 4 7 2 

Foster, Crim (4), Plesoc |71, Myers 19) ond 
Wilkins; Torres, Burba 14). Frey (5). Monte- 
leone 17). Beck (91 and Manwaiino. W — Fas- 
ter, 1-1. L— Torres L. 2-4. H Rs—Scn Francisco. 
Benzinoer 151 r Chicago. Dunston 2 (7). 
New York 220 OM Ml— 4 12 0 

Florida 010 ooo 100-1 4 • 

Gooden, J. Manzonlto 19) and Hundley; 
Houoh, r. Lewis (3). Mathews (4). Drahman 
191, Jeftant (9) and Tlnglev and Santiago 491. 
w— Gooden, 2-3. L— Hough. S-s. HP— Florida, 
Colbrunn (3). 

PhUadMotria use 214 101—13 U 0 

Montreal OM OM 000— 0 I I 

B. Munoz, Slocum b (9) ond Doutton. Pratt 
(61; Fassera Election (6). Heredia (A). WeMe- 
land (9) and D. Fletcher and Spehr (7). 
W — BMunaz,3-2.L— Fasaero.5-S.HR — Phila- 
delphia, Daulton 04). 




NBA Finals 


SUNDAY'S RESULT 

New Yor* 21 15 U 23—84 

Houston 21 25 19 21—14 

Series tied *3 

New Yorb; Oakley 5-1 1 24 12. C. Smith 5-10 1- 
1 II. Ewtnd 4-205-5 17. Harper MOW 10, Startts 
9-10 4-5 27, Mason 3-9 1-2 7, Antnonr 0-7 0-0 0. 
WI likens 0-0 0-0 0. Totals 30-80 10-21 04. 

Howto* : Horry 3-10 34 11. Thorpe M 1-4 3, 
OtaiuMM 11-21 M 30. Maxwell *4 J 1-2 10. V- 


ESCORTS & GUIDES 


BELGRAVIA 

ORCHIDS 

UK 071 589 5237 


Smith 34 GO 7. Cassell 2-5 *-59. EDe 2-2 044. 
Herrera 6-6 04) 12. Totals 3M4 T7-23 BA 
34>obrt eoafe— New Yartt 4-V4 (Starks 59. 
Haroer 1-51. Houston 5-17 (Harry *4, K. Smith 
1-2 Cassell 1-3. Maxwell 1-41. Footed omt- 
— None. Retouncfe-New York 47 (Ewing 15), 
Houston 44 (Otoluwon, Thorpe to). Assists- 
—New York 34 (Harper W). Houston 21 
(Thoroe 61. Tow hu h Hew York 24. Howo- 
lon21.Techntailo— New York lllesal defense 
2 Mason, Houston illegal defense. 


OAKLAND— Activated Mark McGwire, ist 
basemen, from 15-dcry eBaabfed list. Optioned 
Sent) Hetnond and Eric Helfand calchers, to 
Tacoma PCL. 

TEXAS— Bruce Hurst, pitcher, rod red. Ac«- 
vafedChrts James, outllekNr. and Manuel Lee. 
WfekJer, from isdav disabled Hit Asstoned 
Chuck Jacksoiv toflelder, to Oklohoma City. AA. 

National Leaaae 

LOS ANGELES— Activated Detlno De- 
Shlelds and Jett Treedway. 20 basemen, ham 
l5Htov disabled list. Oaftamd Eddie Pve, an 
bu se mon . to AibMuerqus. PCL, and Garev 
Inernm, 2d baseman, to San Antonio. Tl_ 

M.Y.METS— Signed Bill Senfamarla. Pitcher, 
and Terrence Long, outfletder-lsi baseman. 

SAN DIEGO— Stoned Dustin I fe rma nso rt. 
pitcher. Reariled Mike Compton, pitcher, 
tram Las veaaa. PCL. Designated Keith Lock- 
hart. infleMar, tor assign merit. 

SAN FRANCISCO— Stetod Darryl Straw- 
berry, oufftetder, tor remainder of season Put 
Mark Portugal, pndxr, on 15-doy disabled 
nst. retroactive to June 11. Activated Bud 
Bhack, pHCher, tram ISCdv disabled UsL 


FOOTBALL 

Hattaaal Football Lmw 

MINNESOTA — Signed Rev Barker and 
James Hants, defensive ends; Lamar 
McGrtggfc safety; Esera Tuoota, defensive 
tackle; Hdrlan Davis, cornsrback; ond An- 
drew Jordan, ngbt end. Waived Ronnie West, 
wide receiver. 

NEW ORLEANS A greed to terms wwh Eric 
Martin, Wide recover, on Wear esntraa. 

WASHINGTON— Stoned Leonard Mar- 
sMlLdeteratveend; Bobby WUsan. defensive 
tackle, to a muttf-war contract and Matt El- 
liott, center, to l^rear contraa. Stoned Rickey 
Ervins, running back, to 1-rear deal. 

HOCKEY 

National Hockey League 

TORONTO— Agreed to terms Pat Bum 
coach, on 2 -rear contract. 

VANCOUVER— signed Pavet Bure, right 
Wing, to Wear contract, retroodlve begin- 
ning of 1993-9* season. 

COLLEGE 

METRO ATLANTIC ATHLETIC CON- 
FERENCE— Added women's lacrosse as a 
championship sport. 

ALABAMA— Named Tnod Fitzpatrick 
men's assistant basketball coach. 

BRANDE IS— Named Bruce Bickford 
men's rest women's track and crass country 
coach, and Dam Finelll uss l s t uu t coach. 

BOSTON COLLEGE— Named Jerry York 
hockey coach. 

CAN 151 US— Extended contract at John Bet* 
Ma nW* basketbcil coodv Through year 200a 

CITADEL— Randv Cooper, assistant base- 
ball coach, resigned. 

COLGATE — Named Nadine Mastrotea 
women's assistant basketball coach, 

FLORIDA ST.— Named Joneile Polk, wom- 
en’s as s istant bas k etba l l co o dv 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


(Continued From Page 4) 


F RAN KL 1 N— Named Lbo Malm women's 
basketball coach. 

HUNTER— Nay Amo! bed. men’s baskrt- 
bafl coach, la lake leave at absence tor 190*93 
Mason Named Bill Sovarese acting men's 
basketball coach. 

LIM ESTONE— Named Dirts Wafers tennis 
coach. 

LIPSCOM B -Named Tom Kelsey monk as- 
slstant basketball coach. 

LIVINGSTON" Named Dae Outlaw athlet- 
ic director, effective Aug. 1. 

MCNEESE ST.— Nomad Brtctoat Martin 
women) basketball coach, 

MISSOURI— Named Tim Jamieson base- 
boil coodi 

NAVY— Named CaPt. Perry Martini deputy 
director at athletics. 

NORTHWESTERN— Named Shawn Par- 
rich man* assistant basketball coach. 

PENNSYLVANIA— G.W. MU. men's la 
enase coach, resigned. 

PITTSBURGH— Named Steve Lewis, coach 
tor (tie men’s and women's hock programs. 

QUEENS— Named Pascale Rubin woman's 
volleyball coach. 

RICE— N a med Jan Prather tutHimcassts- 
toil baseball roach. 

RUTGERS— Dick Johnson, men’s tennis 
coactl. retired. Jon Unger, women's ooU 


CB 1 GKET 


, jr * ; >; 


SECOND TEST 

England n New Zeatcmd, Foartb Day 
Sadov, in Leaden 

New Zealand 2d tontnge: 21 L5 dec (Movers) 
Scant at tea: 

E no! ond 2d tantnge: 219-5 


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Visitors a Lesson in American Values 


Iniemanonal Herald Tribune 

but air^H P ^supposed to develop a colony here, 
moment S 16 l? 63 “ beginning to backfire. At the 
aitf—j „ 11 .°°^ s as tf everyone was brought to 
“*«£« a seminar. ' 

FiSt f " t ? re ?** *&*«& U P° Q in the lull of 
rncay night, after Germany’s opening victory and a 

UN THOMSEN 


?? draw between Spain and South Korea. The people 
«”<* P«fii from the World Cup had antici- 
p (M that soccer would be seeping into the .American 
jjsctousness, but the truth is that soccer is boring, 
oi.u ““psfcetball; so. even, is American football, 
although it was the vehicle for O. J. Simpson's star- 
u about America, which the soccer 
Pwple have never understood in all of their failed 
ciions to make it popular here, is that every Ameri- 


can sport orbits its stars. For the cynically bigger 
world of marketing and communications. O. J. 
Simpson sacrificed hugely to prove just that point. 

Imagine how it was across .America on Fnday 
night, as a majority of the estimated ! .5 million 
foreigners visiting the United States for the World 
Cup saw their American hosts mesmerized by the 
white Ford Bronco touring the California freeways 
ahead of a passive police escort, and the idea that an 
American hero might slay himself live on national 
television. For the visiters, it truly was a crash- 
course in the values of American society. 

Several foreign journalists said they were mysti- 
fied by this experience. It didn't matter that they 
knew little about O. J. Simpson — he was more 
f ami liar to some as a bit actor in the movies than as 
the most graceful and charismatic of American foot- 
ball players. What they repealed, over and over, was 
that “this would never happen in my country.” 

Helicopters earning TV crews, live TV images, a 
retired athlete's teammates trying to convince him 
via commercial radio to give himself up — this is 


unimaginable in Germany or Spain or South Korea-: 
Around Los Angeles, the police blocked citizens 
from driving public roads because, basically, an 
American star was threatening to kill himself. 

The manhunt that once was the domain, of the 
police had now become a public ex erase, gratuitous* 
]y so. Such efforts used to be conducted in secret 
whenever possible, but now the public becomes 
involved — not for the sake of-justke but for the 
value of entertainment. There probably wifi be more 
such exercises — copycat fugitives on their cellular 
phones, alerting the police and the media to get 
those helicopters airborne — and all sorts of other 
unimag inable derivatives as television and the pub- 
lie lock into this hot box-office formula. 

It is a market that has not hit Europe, but it’s 
coming. It's coming because all the world’s key 
media players here escorting their prized possession, 
the World Cup. have been blown away by the 
audience reaction to the Simpson saga. 

Its most compelling facet was not the murders of 
the star's ex-wife and a friend, but the televised 


chase of die star himself. It is a. uniquely American 
story, for in this country the most marketable ath- 
letes are depicted as being pure and exemplifying the 
finest competitive values. The rest of the world 
understands that low-paid referees are bribed occa- 
sionally and that games can be fixed by two or three 
key players. In America, it is social gospel that 
bribery and fixing are inconceivable in professional 
sport — as inconceivable, revealingly, as the double- 
murder charge faced by Simpson. _ . _ ; ’ 

-. So O. J. has fallen from a much greater — and- 
much more compelling — height than most of bis 
peers around tbe world could fad. Nonetheless, it 
provides a universal perspective on television. Tbe 
Ui. network' NBC cut away from the National 
Basketball Association Finals periodically In order 
to show pictures of the car canying Simpson down 
the highway. The NBA Finals are among the most 
exciting events on U.S. television, but as far as live 
broadcasting is concerned, it was only a basketball 
game; it had nothing over O. J. 

Live television learned Friday night to capture the 



nlav out a roie ior me **** 
ttlirislon heficopias imams 
audience watchmgat home, ltwas drearer. 

Thi-re already had been a feeling that the world s 

will be Just another game alongside of 

and baseball and tire' sport our hero once 

This is exciting new grotmd.Tbe pnvatekfe cfastv 

can be much more mtnguingr-; and 

more accessible .— than the work he was hired to do. 

The people in the television business aroufldthe 
world wfll take tins revelation home. They came here 
to bring the game of soccer to America, but, com- 
pared to the last open-field run of O. J. Simpson, tin. 
game is dull. 


Brazil: Can 1970-Style Spirit Produce a Winner? 


Reuters 

PALO ALTO, California — 
Mario Zagalo, the man who 
coached Brazil to it’s World 
Cup victory in 1970. believes 
the current team has the same 
great spirit as the team of 24 
years ago. 

“It’s a well-balanced side in 
attack and defense. It has the 
same spirit as the 1970 team,” 
he said after Brazil trained at 
Stanford Stadium near San 
Francisco, where it was to be- 
gin its World Cup campaign 
against Russia on Monday. 

Zagalo. now 62. is working 
as assistant to Coach Carlos 
Alberto Parreira. His words 
and the air of confidence in 
the Brazilian camp are a 
warning to the rest of the 
world. 

Zagalo wouldn't compare 
the current squad specifically 
with the great 1 970 side, which 
included Pe!6. Tostao. Rive- 
lino and Jaintinho and which 
is considered by many to be 
the greatest soccer team ever. 

“You cannot compare to- 
day's soccer with the soccer 
that was played 20 years ago," 
he said. "In 1970, Brazil 
played in a 4-5-1 formation 
and now it is playing 4-4-2. 
The formation is simSar but 
soccer now involves a greater 
amount of physical strength 
and speed." 

Zagalo also declined to say 
whether be thought Brazil 
would win the World Cup for 
the Tint time since 1970. 

But be made dear that the 
thinking behind the current 
team revolved around his 
friendship with Parreira and a 
meeting of two minds. 

“We have the same mental- 
ity,” Zagalo said. “We are two 
people but we share the same 
ideas.” 

Zagalo and Parreira have 
resumed an old partnership, 
but the roles have been re- 
versed — Parreira worked as 
physiotherapist under Zagalo 
with the 1970 squad and again 
with the 1974 team, which fin- 
ished fourth. 


■ jif- ! ..X .t •' j'.- ejs*'.? V' 'iv 4 J3 



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- — _ IhMin Kicralr-'TlK Awndand new 

The Brazilians were in demand, but a cup official turned away a crowd at the team's dosed-door practice in Stanford, California. 


The two also worked to- 
gether in the mid-1970s coach- 
ing Kuwait's national team, 
which Parreira led to the 
World Cup finals in 1982 after 
Zagalo returned to Brazil to 
coach the Botafogo team. 

After a spell with Saudi 
Arabia. Zagalo guided the 
United Arab Emirates to qual- 
ification for the World Cup 
finals in 1990. But it was Par- 
reira who stepped into his 
friend’s shoes and led the 
Emirates at those finals. 

ii was not surprising, then, 
when the Brazilian soccer fed- 
eration called on Zagalo to be 
the technical coordinator to 
the Brazilian team under Par- 
reira, 

“The federation turned to 
us again,” Zagalo said, “and 
here we are." 


More than anyone else, they 
should know that nothing less 
than winning the tournament 
will satisfy Brazil’s fans and 
soccer federation — as they 
learned in 1974. 

On Sunday, Parreira select- 
ed the central defender Mar- 
do Santos to replace the in- 
jured Ricardo G6me* against 
Russia. 

Santos, who plays for the 
French League team Bor- 
deaux, won his place in Mon- 
day's Group B match in San 
Francisco over Aldair, who 
plays for AS Roma, and San- 
tos’ expected to piay in the 
center of the defense alongside 
Ricardo Rocha. 

GOmes. the team captain 
and the first-choice central de- 
fender, was ruled out of the 


World Cup finals last week 
after he injured a leg muscle 
during a warm-up match. 

Leonardo, as expected, was 
named left back because Bran- 
co is still recovering from a 
back injury. The striker Ro- 
mirio has recovered from a kg 
muscle injury and will tine up 
alongside Bebeto in attack. 

The team will be captained 
by midfielder Ral 

■ A Bad Start, Pele Says 
Pelfc says he fears for Latin 
.American soccer after Mexico 
became the third team to lose 
its opening World Cup match 
to a European team, Reuters 
reported from Washington. 

“I am a tittle worried about 
the Latin teams — we started 
with the defeat of Bolivia and 


then came Colombia and 
Mexico,” the great Brazilian 
said after the Mexicans lost. 1- 
0. to Norway. 

“It only remains for Brazil 
to play," he said, apparently 
forgetting Argentina, which 
plays Greece on Tuesday. 

Pei 6 said Mexico had 
played too defensively. 

But he said that a defeat in 
the first round was no disaster 
and that Colombia, a team be 
rated as the best in South 
America, was still on course to 
reach the second round. Co- 
lorabia lost, 3-1, to Romania 
on Saturday, and Bolivia lost, 
1-0, to Germany on Friday. 

“Often it's best to start with 
a defeat because then things 
can be ironed out before its 
too late." 




’re Not Soccer-Poor 


Kingdom Has Spent Freely to Build National Program 


By William Gildea 

Washington Rost Service 

WASHINGTON — Saudi 
Arabia faced the powerful 
Netherlands team, late Monday 
in what all but the most pas- 
sionate Saudi supporters 
viewed as virtually a mission 
impossible. 

This is the Saudis' first ap- 
pearance in the World Cup fin- 
als, and the Saudi Arabian play- 
ers lack the experience of 
having played on top profes- 
sional clubs in Europe. Until 
recently, when government pol- 
icy was changed, Saudi players 
were not authorized to leave the 
country to play professionally. 

“I am excited as a Saudi per- 
son that our national team has 
made it to the World Cup for 
the first time,” said Prince Ban- 
dar ibu Sultan, the Saudi am- 
bassador to the United States 
and a soccer fan who led a small 
group of Saudi rooters at Rob- 
ert F. Kennedy Stadium in 
Washington. “On the other 
hand, we are excited because, we 
are beginning to see our invest- 
ment in our team paying off." 

The oil-rich kingdom has 
spent freely on its top soccer 
athletes and youth athletics an 
all levels throughout the coun- 
try. “When l grew up, I played 
soccer barefoot in the sand is 
the desert,” said Prince Bandar. 

Not that the prince, 45, grew 
up impoverished. He’s the neph- 
ew of King Fahd and the grand- 
son of the founder and first king 
of modem Saudi Arabia. 

Still, there were almost no 
fields to play on until the gov- 
ernment began to emphasize 
athletics. Now the country is 
dotted with soccer fields and 
state-of-the-art stadiums. 
Prince Bandar calls sports a 
“positive'’ activity for Saudi 
youth and on the international 
level' “a benign farm of diplo- 
macy.” 

“Your Ping-Pong team went 
to China, and the rest is histo- 


ry,” said the.prince, referring to 
a visit by a U.S. team in the 
early 1970s before the Nikon 
administration’ s rapproche- 
ment withChina. 

“In 1985, his majesty autho- 
rized a Saudi team to go to 
China and we didn’t have diplo- 
matic relations. And to Russia: 
Today we have diplomatic rela- 
tions' with both countries.” — 

Even if that is a bit of an 
oversimplification, foreign ath- 
letes can be welcome ambassa- 
dors._U.Sr soccer fans treated 
the Saudis royally during train- 


ee are excited 
because wei are 
beginning to see 
our investment in 
our team paying 
otL* 

Prince Bandar 


rag and two exhibition games 
—one a CM) tie with the Ameri- 
cans — in New Jersey before 
the Saudi Arabian team set up 
headquarters last week in' 
Washington. “The players were 
really surprised by the welcome 
— they have been touched by 
it,” Prince Bandar said. 

He expected thousands of 
neutral fans to root for his de- 
sert kingdom. “Americans are 
very competitive, bat able to 
support the underdog at the 
same time," he said. 

The prince first came to the 
United States in 1970 for train- 
ing as a military pilot. He’d re- 
ceived a classic royal education 
in Saudi Arabia, tnen graduated 
from CranweU, the British Roy- 
al Air Force callage. He arrived 
at Love Field in DaDas. 

“There was a great commo- 
tion in the. airport,” he recalled 


“At the rime I didn’t have the 
foggiest notion about American 
football. I asked somebody 
what was happening: Ts it a 
demonstration*! No, they said, 
the Cbwbovs are coming.” 

“3 thought, I am 10 be the 
luckiest man in the- world,” he 
added. “I am going to meet a 
genuine cowboy. I was thinking 
of John Wayne. AH of a sudden 
I saw aU these big. people mo\^ 
ing toward me and they passed 
■ by me and that was all. J. said, 
“Where are the cowboys?* ”> 
“Somebody explained, 
“Those were-the Cowboys, the 
football players,’ ” the prince 
said. “After that, when J was m 
training, one of my American, 
colleagues asked me, ‘What is 
your favorite football team?' . 
The .poly team I could think of 
waa the Cowboys, From that- 
date I started learning about 
American football" 

-One -of the world’s richest 
men. Prince Bandar now hob- 
nobs with Jerry Jones, the Cow- 
boys' owner. He was, Jones's 

r when the. Cowboys won 
Super Bowl in January 
1993, and two of his seven chil- 
dren were Jones's guests at the 
Cowboys’ repeat Super Bowi 


they were I and 15, 1 
was still hanging in' there," the 
prince said. amltheir number 
one international cheerleader. 

. "All this security your set 
: around here, that’s, to protect 
me from Redskins . fans.” he 
said. with a laugh. *■*'■• 

The prince acknowledged 
that Saudi Arabia’s World Cup • 
players had received perks in 
the form of substantial gifts. 
Money and cars reportedly 
have been lavished on them. 

“Gifts are part of our cul- 
ture," the prince said. “It's not 
good or bad -r-ifsdifferent. It’s 
a sign of mprectation, I can 
assure you that our athletes are 
no more pampered than rbc 
Dallas Cowboys-” 


WORLD CUP SCHEDULE AND RESULTS 


Sunday's Match Results 

Sweden X Cameroon 2 
Scorarv Swtooiv— Rover Uvna idfni. War- 
tin Datilln (7Smj; Cameroon— David EmDe 
IJlet). Frwuoii Omar Bine* »47th) 
Referee: Alberto Telada Norieoo (Peru) 
Yellow coras- Sweden— Martin Bonita 
(72d >. Cameroon— Emile MbouhMfiour ism) 
Norway 1. Mexico 0 
Scorer; Kietli Rekdal iB51h) 

Referee: Sondor Pulil [Hunearyi 
Yellow cents- Norway— All irwc Holond 
(ITTM.OYvinaLaanhardaen i27tn);Mf*tco— 
Cloud la Suarez (630) 

FIRST ROUND 

AO tunes GMT 

TTifOO BOints trwartW for a victory 


GROUP A 
W L 7 


Romania 
Switzerland 
United States 
CcJDmwa 


Saturday. Juno 1 S 
ai Pannac Jicn 

Switzerland 1. unnaa states i.ae 
a: PaMtwna. Cant 

Romania 3. Cowmota : 

Wednesday June 22 
A] Pontiac. Mien 

Romania «v Switzoriand, 2005 GMT 
At Peace ena. Gata 

Cotomoig m United Sum 2335 GMT 
Sunday June 26 
At Pasadena. Cam. 

Romarsa at United Stales. 2009 GWT - 
A1 Ssn'ord. Cam 

Switzerland ve C«tmrwi 2005 GMT 


GROUP B 
W L T 


Cameroon 

Sweden 

Brazil 

Russia 


Sunday, June 19 
a: Posaaona. Cam 
Cameroon 3. Sweden 2. tie 

MonOsy Juno 20 

AJ Siantoffl. Com 
Brazil w Russia. 2005 GMT 
Friday June 24 
Al Stanford, Cam 
Brazil « Cameroon. 2WS GMT. 

At Pontiac Mich 
Sweden vs Russia 2335 GMT 
Tuesday June 28 
At Stanford. Cat-' 
Russia vs. Cameroon 2005 GMT 
ai Pemiac. Mich 
Brazil vs. Sweden, sons GMT 


Gannary 
South norea 
Spain 
Botana 


Friday, June 17 

AlGrvCAQo 
Germany 1. Bolnqa 0 

at Daius 

Spam ? South »oraa 2 tie 


Tuesday Jum 21 

At Chicago 

Germany vo. Spam. 2005 GMT 

Thursday Juno W 

At Forboro Mass. 

Souin Korea vs Bolivia. 2335 GMT 
Monday June 27 
aj Chicago 
Bolivia vs. SMin. 2005 GMT. 

At Delias 

Germany vs south Korea. 2005 GhfT, 

GROUP D 
W L 
□ 0 
0 0 
B 0 


Argentina 
Bui sans 

Greece 

Nigeria 


GF GA PU 


Tuesday, Jumr 21 
At PoAtorc, Mass. 
Argentina vs Greece. 1635 GMT. 
At Dallas 

Nigeria vs Bulgaria. 2335 GMT. 

Saturday June 25 
AtPovooid. Mass 
Argentina vs. Nigeria. 2005 GMT 
Sunday June 28 
ai Cnicaga 

Buigana ,5 Greece. 1635 GMT 
Thursday June 30 
AiCaiEoro. Mass 
Greece »s. Nigenj. 2335 GMT 
Ai Dotus 

Argentina «S Bulgaria. 2335 GMT 
GROUP E 
W L T 


f refund 
Norway 
Italy 
Meuco 


GF GA Pta 

2 2 7 

2 1 1 

0 0 0 

0 0 0 


Saturday, June 18 
At East Rurnertors. N J 
Ireland i.iMrO 

Sunday June IS 
At nasmngnn 
Norway t Mon co 0 

Thursday June 23 
At EJtt RtiWertenJ. N J. 
Usty vs Norway. 2005 GMT 

Friday June 24 
At Griando Fla 
Mexico vs. Ireland. ’ 635 GMT 
Tuesday June 28 
AI Eax PulhfflTora N.J 
inland vs Norway. 1835 Gmt 
Aj washing Kin 
Italy vs. MwCd. ’ 635 GMT 
GROUP F 


GROUP C 

W L T OF GA PM 


9oi}iui?t 
Vtinerionae 
Saudi Ataaa 

uorecoc. 


Sunday, June 18 

a; Gfiando. Pla. 
e-tgium 1. Morocco 0 

Monday June 20 
ctwasnmgwn 

NemerlfliXlS va Saudi AraBO, 2335 GMT 
Saturday JtaM 2S 
At Orlando. Fta. 

Hvtgiurr vs Nemertanos. 1 535 GMT 
At East Rutnartom. N J 
Saudi Arabta vs Morocco 1535 GAfT 


Wednesday June 23 

At Qrunac. Fie. 

Morocco vs. rteMdands. 1635 GMT 
aj Washington 

Belgium va. Seal Arabia. 1635 GWT 

SECOND ROUND 

Saturday July 2 
Game 37 
Ai Chicago 

Group C winner V5. Grous A. B er F Jh.ro tfMC 
1705 GMT. 

Gama 36 

GF GA PI* At Washington 

0 0 0 Group A second place vs Group C socora 

OOO Q^ce. 2035 GMT. 

000 Sunday July 3 

0 0 0 Game 39 

At CWtea 

Group F second piece vs Group B soea«a 
puce. 1705 GMT. 

Game 40 

At Pasadena, Com 

Group A Winner VJ Group C. D or E Ihod place. 
2035 GMT. 

Monday July 4 
Game 41 

AiDrtanw. Rs 

Group F winner va Group E second piece. '60S 
GMT 

Game 42 

At Stanford. W 

Groups winner vs Group A, Cor D aura place 
1335 GMT. 

Tuesday July 5 
Game 43 

A] FcxtcrO. MOSS 

Group D winner vs. Group B £ or r Bait! 3JC4. 
1705 GMT 

Game 44 

At East Rutherford. *- 

Group E winner vs Srcpo D secsml &W6- C53i 
GUT. 

QUARTERFINALS 

Saturday July 9 
Game 4$ 

At Fcaocto. moss 

Gjmo 43 winner vs GafM38twwer, :6CEGK7 
Gama 45 
ai Dalles 

Gome 4! winner va Gams 43 winner IS350MT 
Sunday Juty TO 
Game 47 

AJ East RuTerfortJ. NJ. 
Game44iiRnnWvs Ger*37mn-er. 1505 GMT 

Game 48 

ai Sanroro. c*i 

Game 33 runner us. 1 jane *2 mcner 1335 GMT 

SEMIFINALS 

Wednesday jufy 13 
0 AI Ess Rutherford, nj, 

0 B»n« 47 winner us. G*W 45 winner 2K5QWT 
G At Pasadena. Cat: 

GarraAflwinnmro Go™ 45 winner 2335 GMT 

THIRD PLACE 

Saturday July 16 

ArPssanem. Caw. 

Sennhnol lows. '.935 GMT 

CHAMPIONSHIP 

Sunday Judy 17 


GF ga pm 

» 0 .1 
1 C 3 

0 1 o 
0 1 0 


(SF GA PH 


At Pasadena. Cali;. 
Serniltnei wmnert. IS36 GMT 


Horizons 

Expandfor 

Romanians 


By Jay Privxnan 

Stw York Tima Service 

PASADENA, California ~ 
Such was the nature of soccer in 
Romania in the 1980s tbal 
Gheorghe Hagi, the country’s 
best player, never bad reason to 
expand the scope of his game. 

Hagi found Himself on teams 
owned by the coon try’s dicta- 
tor, Nicolae Ceausescu, and his 
son. Valentin, and the 
Ceausescu teams had an uncan- 
ny ability to win matches in the 
most extreme of circumstances. 

There was one time when a 
club team owned by the 
Ceausescus. F. C. Olt from the 
Ceausescus hometown of Scor- 
nicesti. needed a victory by 17 
goals to advance from” Roma- 
nia's third division to the sec- 
ond. Voila! .An 18-0 victory. 

Nicolae Ceausescu was exe- 
cuted in 1 98V. and that changed 
the face of Romania and Roma- 
nian soccer. The top players, 
such as Hagi — a midfielder 
responsible for setting up the 
forwards — - were snapped up 
by pro teams in Europe. 

Hagi now clays for Brescia in 
the Italian League, where his 
game has been described both 
as brilliant and. at times, indif- 
ferent 

But the experience in Italy, 
arguably the best professional 
league in the world, has served 
Hagi well in the past four years. 
Romania's second-round exit in 
the 1990 World Cup was con- 
sidered a failure, and Hagi was 
seen as a major reason that the 
Romanians did not advance 
farther. 

Bui the Romanians began 
this year's World Cup on Satur- 
day at the Rose Bowl with a 
brilliant unset nf Colombia. 



Marco Pascoto, the Swiss goalkeeper, during a practice m Southfield, Michigan, for the Group A match Wednesday agaiistRomanS; 


and it was Hagi who engineered 
the 3-1 victory. 

He was involved in all three 
goals- He twice set up the strik- 
er Florin Radurioiu for goals, 
and Hagi launched a rainbow 
that sailed under the crossbar 
and into the net for another 
score as the Colombian goal- 
keeper, Oscar Cordoba, won- 
dered off his line. 

The Romanians showed the 
poise necessary to beat a faster 
Colombian team that was try- 
ing to force the attack all after- 
noon. And. at least for 90 min- 
utes, the Romanians proved 
that they could be one of the 


elite teams in this year’s World 
Cup, provided they play to their 
potential. 

“We knew Colombia is very 
strong, and we respected them, 
but we played very intelligent” 
Had said through an interpret- 
er. “As I said before the game, 
Colombia- should not forget 
that Romania has good players, 
too. We got wbat we wanted.” 

Romania now becomes the 
team to beat in Group A. Under 
the new World Cup' format 
(three points for a "victory, one 
for a tie), the -Romanians are 
well in front of the other three 
teams in their group: Colombia, 


Switzerland and the United 
States. Switzerland, and the 
United States each have I point 
after playing to a i-i draw bn 
Saturday. 

Radocioiu is another Roma- 
nian who has benefited from 
the' fall of communism in his 
country.. He now plays profes- 
sionally for AC Milan, the 
champion of the Italian League. 

Bogdan Stclea, the _ 

or in Saturday’s match, 

"several spectacular saves, and 
stepped three shots from point- 
blank rangs. He faced 19 ^ hots 
. from the. Cdlombians, but only 
allowed one goal, on a header 


byAddfo Valencia -off 3 comer 

. l *° ur ,! e ^ m P la y«d very imel-i 
ligenc, said Anghel lor* 
danoscu Romania’s coach.' 
“Wt Dlayol tactically very well 

nla^T ? ay Cl0Se 10 tWf 
players and to cover the 

Gambia 

bad emerged as a dark-horsp 
favonte to advance to the nexj 
round A number of exDerbJ 

mdnu™ Pdfc. p redicled pe ;£ 

Colombians would make ii in" 
Wcakness « °n 





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SPORTS 

Lessons in America: 
Mysterious Ways 
Of the Soccer World 

TT7ASHINGTON — World Cup USA 94 is already a profound 
i7 n f!L e ^ >eier ? ce - Never before had this observer seen fans 
a sodium to be hosed down by volunteers of the so- 
called “Disaster Sendees.” 

This is noi an anti-hooligan measure. After perspiring alongside 
the first 200,000 people visiting — ^ 

hot-house stadiums <rf C hicago. n n h _ 

New York and Washingtonfl hSoKm* ffj * 
have witnessed nothin* n-mofrfv nu 9 nes I — ' ^ 




INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1994 


ikiJlf HI 




Page 19 














'•\v 


V^: ■ 


i Swedes Salvage 
^ A Draw, 2-2, 

I With Cameroon 







‘(d Pro 


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•gram i 


•sa>ife 

; 7^ 

"-«■ -OQtijnj 

y it. 

'■•'■ »*y* 

* 

: rsakt 

- --“V; 

V. Mi”; 

‘ e.~::.ess 


, : .V \\- 

:a 

'■ ’■ MiT : ’Ji" 


a-.:: -r: : . 


’ '/irV’.r:?? 


:* „ — y” 


“Attention?” bawled a uniformed officer as the crowd inched ’ ’ 

Friday. *?4o nowttobottl^nocimcOTdeis^owKi^ Caroer ^ sFraD ^ ois 0mam (7) P 11 ^ the ball past Thomas Raveffi, the Swedish goalkeeper, to score Us teanfe second goal, 

the s tadium !” 

. He had a soulless persona. Not once did this cop say please. He mT • /-< -mm- • „ -ww 7 -r« ■» -m- 

Norwegians Stun Mexico, 1-0, With a Lat< 

-from so many nations, approaching his bridge. O ' 7 

HA the gnywasjustdomglrisjob. America set out to stamp on ~ T . _ r _ „ 

.hooliganism at the source, and 24 hours later, the New York police ay Lawne M i fflin forward. Hying even harder to 3p« g\ Sg ’’ ■***> 

■were almost as athletic as the players in tackling to the ground two New 7crk T,ma Senice find a *9- •* •* • „ * ■ ■ V. •• Vw**- <*3%# 

« pWJ f “* tics 7 bose cwplwria carried them onto the fidd after WASHINGTON — Norway And with the clock at the 90- *' !*• -V - A 1- . 7 

-IrelanastEiuinplLi^ ... made its first World Cup ap- minute mark, and the end of the .. *£**■&"' *"* ^ / 4i. r ai 3L y ^Ikr, - 

‘ Jac* Charlton, the manager-messiah of the Irish national team, pearance in 56 years a memora- game as near as whatever injury ‘*'T *' v. a 4 

had asked tte cops to go easy on the invaders. “I know the police Se one, defeating Mexico, 1-0, time was left on the referee’s l&bfefc*' ...*•>,'*'*» *** - - / i 

were doing then- job, commented Chariton. “I just tried to ask if in the festive cauldron of RFK watch, Mexico nearly scored. 2 --^- jJg ppa» » J 

2 less brUUl Nobody was looking to Stadium. Jesus Rantfn Ramins, sal- 

The irony is that this is a unique experiment, an effort to take Mexican fans may have out- waTt on defense throughout, ' V^\ 

rtheglobal ^meinto a land where loSuXSmts have managed numbered Norweguin support- “V**/® 

untflnow to get by without knowing what soccer does to rouse the 08 m the aowd of more than and °“ f, "^5? s “ oL “ ' s .?\ 

Jedings of thSSare in^uStS NaS 5J000 ando^outdieeied t 

• A monthlong tournament will convert a tiny minority. But ibem, but rt was the Norwegians ' ’ • »' •' 

alraidy a curious shift is taking place: who had something to sing of the ^»1 Une, bounaxl straight f!WI . •!*. Li&r ■ 

: In Soldier Fidd, Oricag^thL Gennany-BoUvia match was **»*. * *» «* Sunday. And ^ . jMfifc’Vi >!$ 

almost a sideshow/ ang they did —whole sections slammed into it with a header » , 

First Diana Ross sang. Then the nations marched. Then Presi- remained m the stadmm aft^ J 

-dent Ml Clinton read out that soccer is a lingua franca, and ^ game, flapping flags and ^ ^ 

another president, Joi o Havdange of FI FA presumably declared waving to the players, who n- 5001 and ddlcctcd lL 
.the 15th World Qq> open. aimed fora victory lap- _ “I thought we lost 2 points 

Hmndange in his aging arrogance insulted everyone present He Late in the game, as players ^ ere a * the end,” said Egil Ol- 
.spoke in something between his native Portuguese, Spanish and a from both sides struggled to sen, Norway’s coach, meaning ■ T**ii|*H* **^~TiTl'.u 1 V ‘r m -r*?*r S! yrjW|jPMr|fYt 
nmt of French. Not one word, not a syllable that the vast majority make their legs keep working in the three points teams get for p* ^ lit ■ 


The Associated Press 

PASADENA California — 
The Swedes hate losing World 
Cup games, 2-1. In their first 
game of the World Cup finals, 
they were just 26 minutes away 
from a fourth straight heart- 
breaking setback by that dread- 
ful score. 

But the striker Martin Dah- 
lia’s 75th-arinute goal salvaged a 
2-2 draw in the Group B opener 
against Cameroon. It was Swe- 
den's first point in the World 
Oxp finals since a 1-1 tie frith 
Brazil in Argentina in 1978. 

“In the last World Cup I was 
young and I was injured and 
not in form, so it was a big 
disappointment,” Pah tin said. 
“Ana now I have scored my 
first World Cup goal, so I'm 
very, very happy.” 

“One point is O. K. for us. 
We still have the chance to 
reach the second round.” 

Dahlin’s goal came after 
Henrik Larsson, who came in 


Norwegians Stun Mexico, 1-0, With a Late Goal 


By Lawrie Mifflin forward. Hying even harder to 

New York Tima Service find a way. 

WASHINGTON — Norway And with the clock at the 90- 
made its first World Cup ap- minute mark, and the end of the 
pearance in 56 years a memora- game as near as whatever injury 


'W ^ 


ble one, defeating Mexico, 1-0, tune was left on the referee’s 
in the festive cauldron of RFK watch, Mexico nearly scored. 




iriin'iT*” ^ 5 ; 


IMf 


Stadium. Jesus Ram6n Ramirez, stal- 

Mexican fans may have out- war * on defense throughout, 
numbered Norwegian support- Plwiged forward on the left side 
ere in the aowd of more th«m and got off a wicked shot It 
52,000, and certainly outchcered rocketed off the right post, hit 
them, but h was the Norwegians the ground a foot or so in front 
who had something lo sing of the goal line, bounced straight 
about at the end Sunday. And up in the air — and Luis Alves 
sing they did —whole sections slammed into it with a header 
remained in the stadium after that seemed destined for the net 
the game, flapping flags and until Henning Berg stuck out his 
waving to the players, who re- ^°° l deflected it. 




'Vi "S' ri-^V 


KlSSs 


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.... j,,rY r 


(SfciSw 


application of 
Cup novice, a 
k their fear of 


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hint of French. Not one word, not a syllable that the vast majority 
in the stadium, or the television viewers migh t comprehend. Not 
-an attempt, asa gesture of goodwill, to speak the host’s language. 
-And of course, no translation. 

For the rest of us, it was a learning process. The opening 
•ceremony, the sales of tickett to corporate America, the lure to be 
m on the first W odd Cup game in the States hired thousands who 
had never been at a game before- 

They taught us the magnitude of taking soccer to America. We 
.quickly learned how alien it is to the culture of U.S. sports. Soccer 
•moves continuously; its appeal is in the movement, in the wiles 
and the cunning, tire stamina and the strategy, that engages mind 
and body over two 45-mumte sessions. 

Germany is a team of industry, of teutonic application of 
techmouc and physical power. Bolivia is a World Cup novice, a 
■team physically smaller, players trying to overcome their fear of 
the occasion and guided % instincts erf the distinctly Latin game. 

. Germany prevailed. A solitary goal fiom Jftrgen Klmsmanp did 
the rrfcfr i But the American attention wavered. Scores of specta- 
tors took their own time-outs, leaving their seats for popcorn, for 
•drinks, for & chat in the isles. 

But on Saturday and Sunday different crowds were in play. 
JGuuits Stadium was overwhelmed by Irish fervor, by folks bom of 
immigrant Tmh stock who in their tricolor uniforms and their 
willingness to pay $400 to scalpers for a $40 ticket, outnumbered 
the Italian supporters 4 to 1. 

Small wonder that Italy wilted under combined pressure from 
the heat, the running and the noise generated by a small, proud 
-nation chasing history. 

;• In Washington, the opposite. The Mexicans couldn’t intimidate 
theNorwegian team. Their players seemed, after 70 minutes or so, 
to have used the heat and the ball to sap tbe effort of Norway but, 
•sburinutesfrom time, Kjetil RekdaL a substitute whose limbs and 
dungs were fresh, swooped to score. 

• Rob «*«**«#*■!** ?*». 


turned for a victory lap. 

Late in the game, as players 
from both tides struggled to 
make their legs keep working in 
the heat, Kjetil Rekdal came on 
as a substitute for Norway with 
about 12 minutes left. Six min- 
utes later, it was he who sprint- 
ed for a loose ball in the penalty 


“I thought we lost 2 points 
there at the end,” said Egil Ol- 
sen, Norway^ s coach, meaning 
the three points teams get for 
winning, in contrast to one 
point for a tie. “Sometimes we 
are lucky. At that moment we 
were very, very lucky.” 

Norway could argue it had 


area and scored the winning been unlucky earlier. Twice in 


goaL the first half, the Norwegians 

On the winning sequence, appeared to have scored, only 
Jan Age Fjortoft, one of Nor- J® r “ d . dlc referee had 
way’s many hard-rnnning, blown his whistle first, 
hard- tackling midfielders, re- On a Norway throw-in that 
ceived the ball in his lap near sailed all the way to the goal 
die area, and. as he joggled to mouth, Campos gathered the 
control it, was tripped by a ball in against his stomach, and 
Mexican defender. The ball ran Erik Mykland leaped with a 
on into the right side of the high foot and knocked it out of 


iElifei 







penalty area, with Rekdal and 
Claudio Suirez raring for it. 

Rekdal had tbe edge and, 
with Su&rez cm his left, used his 
right foot to power a hard, low 


his arms into tbe net. 

Soon after, in the 28th min- 
ute, Jostein Flo vaulted into the 
air with Campos for a bafl and 
headed it to the righL tide, 



shot to the far left comer. The where a teammate headed it in. 
goalkeeper JoTge Campos, But the referee, Puhl Sandor of 


brave in combat with the taller Hungary, had whistled the play 
Norwegians, flung himself at dead, saying Flo had fouled 
this low ball but was a tmllisec- Campos in the air. 


ond too late. 

But Mexico was not quite fin- 
ished. Throughout the match it 
had had trouble finding ways to 
pierce the bullish Norwegian 


“He was whistling too often 
against Flo, who was going up 
in the air and winning balls, ' 
said Lars Bobinen. a midfield 
teammate. “That second one 


defense; after Rekdal’s goal, the was no free kick. Flo was first to 
Mexicans threw all but two men the balL” 


§, <*&«■ « ■ ■ » 


TrB Cfan • Agnkr Fnncr-Preac 

Lars Bohroen, top, and Oyvind Leoahardsen being carried by Kjetil Rekdal, who scored (he winner. 


for Jespcr Blomqvist in mid- 
■ field just 14 minutes earlier, hit 
the crossbar with a powerful 
right-foot drive from 100 feet 
(30 meters) out. Dahlin chested 
the ball down and beat the goal- 
keeper Joseph-Antoine Bell 
with a left-foot shot. 

Roger Ljung, a defender, 
gave Sweden the lead with a 
header in the seventh minute. 
David Embe tied it with a con- 
troversial goal in the 31st and 
Francois Omam Biyick. Lite 
other Cameroon striker, made it 
2-1 early in the second half. 

“It was a match of changing 
fortunes and shifting situations 
in extremes,” said Cameroon's 
coach, Henri Michel. “In the 
closing minutes, my team lost 
the concentration.” 

Dahlin was Sweden’s goal- 
scoring hero in the qualifying 
phase with seven goals, but he 
went scoreless in his last four 
exhibitions going into the 
World Cup. And he struggled 
early in the game against a 
tough Cameroon defense. 

The heat (30 degrees centi- 
grade, 86 Fahrenheit) also was a 
negative factor early on for the 
Swedes, who practiced a week 
in much cooler weather in San 
Diego before coming to Los 
Angeles five days ago. 

“The first 20 min ules were ter- 
rible,” Dahlin said. “It was very, 
very tough. 1 felt it in my legs. It 
was hard to run. It took a long 
time to adjust to the beat” 

It took the Cameroonians 
only 21 seconds to create the 
first dangerous chance in the 
game, a shot that Sweden's 
goalkeeper, Thomas Ravelli, 
had some problems with be- 
cause he was facing tbe sun. 

Ljung, who played every 
minute in all 10 qualifiers, 
scored his first World Cup goal 
as he rose high to beat Bell with 
a dose-range header near the 
far post after a free kick taken 
by Jonas Thera. 

Embe tied it with a goal that 
was as much fluke as controver- 
sial It came after defender Pa- 
trik Andersson failed to dear 
the ball inside the penalty area. 

Marc Vivien Foe, Camer- 
oon’s offensive threat, blocked 
Andersson 's attempted clear- 
ance. got a lucky bounce and 
then had a clear path to the goal 
before passing to the unmarked 
Embe. 

The Peruvian referee, Al- 
berto Tejada Noriega, first 
made the offside ran but then 
changed his mind. 

“It was a very strange behav- 
ior by the referee,” Coach Tom- 
my Svensson said. “First he 
whistled for offside himself 
without looking ax the lines- 
man. Then be talked it over 
with the linesman, a skin g him 
about his (minion. I couldn't see 
if it was offside or not. But the 
referee’s action was strange.” 

Omam Biyick, who was Cam- 
eroon’s top player along with 
the veteran Roger Mflla four 
years ago in Italy when the “In- 
domitable Lions” became the 
first African team to reach the 
quarterfinals in World Cup his- 
tory, made it 2-1 just one min- 
ute into the second half. 



WORLD CUP WRAP-UP 


■canalsipod over the ban, deriding which one 
wouhjtake the free kick. Tab Ramos derided 
that the eannons in his legs were just out of 
range af!2$ yards. John Harkes volunteered. 
Ramos suggested Eric Wyaalda. 

: ■V ffinjK r was the right derision,” Ramos 


•?r “Despite an anergic reaction that h ad le ft 
him-ieelnig raw and weak, Wynalda stepped 
up to tbe ball and curved a brilliant free lock 
mtQMtbe. upper left comer erf the net just 
bcfbee-hatf finy* giving tbe United States a 1-1 
dritWWithSwitzeiiaiKi in its World Cup open- 
er.Satncday at the Pontiac Sflverdome. w 


A Czech player, Lubomir Moravrik, had 
been furtively stepping on Wynalda’s feet 
with his cleats, trying to unnerve tbe young 
American forward. It worked. 

Tbe U.S. team was inexperienced in the 
ways of international soccer, not having 
played in a World Cup for 40 years. Just after 
halftime, Wynalda retaliated with a Vesuvian 
eruption, shoving Moravrik and drawing a 
red card, which meant automatic expulsion. 


Y .dBQKoay at the ronuac anr/cswui*. 

- ^ definitely was tbe best goad of my life, 
Wynak&tiud laier, explaining that he appar- 
™£JbrE Offered an alleipc reaction to 
son Jrifiughe ate- “You really have to Ml mat 
. sltof P^eriiy for it to work, and that’s what 




■ . -■*• • I- 

•■«••* ■ ;J v 
• ■ ./ 

' ’ -‘V-v l ' J Z 

•, 1 • !S- i fi - 


»|| r-, — - ■- 

alda Irit tSc^gaine at forward and later. 


“I don’t ted 


““Wof roses.” , 

Nkh^a^^Wyiralda would have preferred 
to break oqt into celebration, not into hives, 
hut hecdidd fed satisfied Saturday, unlike he 
tfid after hs previous World Cup opener. 

InTtafy, m 1 990, Wynalda was given a red 
card anda'ected in the 5 2d minute for losing 
ias cpimjpsare as the United States saw its 
dissolv e in a devastating 5- 

. Now 2Sj Jmv ing ripened his skills and his 


emerged as a leaner oi tut. niu-.— 
team watb.fi K amb inons dribbling, creative 
Posing, and capable scoring. His tea mm ates 
can now.cottirt on him to produce goals, not 

tenmerawntiHs. - ■ . 

“I dooT flank about it anymore,” Wynalda 


Bora MButinovic, tbe Serb who now coach- 
es the United States, has tried to loosen up 
Wynalda, telling him that he is going to a 
party, not a war, in this World Cup. 

“I was the youngest player in the Worid Cup 
last time, and there was a great deal of pressure 
fa* us to prove something,” Wynalda said. “1 
approach flic game a Kttle different now. I try 
to turn negative energy into positive. 

“When things don’t go your way. Bora says 
don’t worry, the next play is the most impor- 
tant play. Those are words to five by for me. 
I’ve come to the conclusion that Bora knows 
everything; I don’t question him.” 

But it took some time for Wynalda to 
convert to the gospel according to Bora. 

“In 1990, 1 wasn't a professional. Now I 
am,” he said. 

Wynalda knows that he wiD never quite live 
down bis first World Cup game. Two years 
ago, be said, he got a call is Germany from a 
friend in Florida. The friend had been playing 
Trivial Pursuit, Wynalda said, and a question 
about soccer bad come up: Which American 
was ejected against Czechoslovakia in tbe 
1990 World Cup? 

“He won because he knew Lhe answer to that 
question,” Wynalda said. “I hung up on him." 


Compiled by Our Staff From Daparcha 

In Brussels, violent clashes 
erupted between the police. Bel- 
gian fans and Moroccan immi- 
grants after Belgium’s 1-0 vic- 
tory over Morocco on Sunday. 

Shots were fired during 
brawls Sunday night in tbe east- 
ern city Of Venders, leaving one 
young immigrant with minor 
gunshot wounds. 

One policeman was also 
wounded there as 200 to 300 
Belgian and Moroccan soccer 
supporters fought, according to 
local newspaper reports. Fight- 
ing was also reported in Brus- 
sels and Antwerp. 

• In southern Bangladesh, 
irate soccer fans ransacked 
three power stations after tele- 
virions wait blank during the 
match between the United 
States and Switzerland. 

Two employees were injured 
when about 100 residents at- 
tacked a power plan t in Patuak- 
hafi, 120 kilometers (75 miles) 
south of the capital, Dhaka. 
About 200 people smashed the 
windows of two electrical sta- 
tions in nearby BarisaJ. 

• The Southern California 
sun proved to be more of a 
menace than soccer hooligans 
ai the first World Cup game at 
the Rose Bowl. 

The police said 55 people | 
were treated for heat ekbaus- . 
tion during Saturday's game, 
when 92,000 fans crammed into 
the stadium to watch Romania 
defeat Colombia, >1. 

Tbe temperature reached SS 
Fahrenheit (31 centigrade) in 
Pasadena, according to the Na- 
tional Weather Service. 

• China put the brakes on 
Worid Cup fever Monday, ask- 


ing soccer fans to turn the vol- 
ume lower on their television 
sets and desist from shouting 
“Goal!” late at night. 

China didn't qualify for the 
event, but that hasn’t stopped 
millions of Chinese fans from 
staying up to watch the matches 
live on state-run television. 

But the Communisi-nm Peo- 
ple’s Daily newspaper asked 
soccer fans who were burning 
the midnight ofl to remember 
their neighbors and keep tbe 
noise down. 

• Spain will appeal the two- 
match ban imposed on its cap- 
lain, Miguel Angel Nadal, after 
he was gected in the 2-2 draw’ 
with South Korea on Friday. 

Nadal was shown tbe red card 
by the referee, Peter Mikkelsen, 
early in tbe game after flooring a 
South Korean forward on the 
edge of the penalty area. 


A red card normally entails a 
one-game suspension. FIFA, 
soccer’s governing body, ex- 
tended that to two Sunday for 
Nadal and Bolivia’s Marco Et- 
cheverry in a new crackdown on 
rough play. 

Javier Clemente, who coach- 
es the Spanish team, said he 
thought the two-match ban was 
ridiculous for a minor foul. 

• A team wearing red or or- 
ange wiD win the World Cup 
final by beating opponents 
linked to a man in long robes 
and a funny hat. 

So says Fran Baskerville. 
professional ghost-buster, miss- 
ing person tracker, clairvoyant, 
and “Singing Psychic.” 

The prediction should please 
supporters of the Netherlands, 
Belgium, Spain. Norway, Mo- 
rocco and Russia. (Reuters, A P) 


The Official Sprint World Cii] 
Information Line 

Call 

+ 1 + 177 + 230 + 4348 * 

for daily updates on scores, players and 
game recaps 


Sprint 


MferWftipUSAMp 

Calk will he hilled standard IDP rates 
* In 1 tali', dial +1+21 1-2.HM348 








^age20 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1994 


art buchwald 


White House Telltales 



WASHINGTON - It 

Bob SUl P rise me that 

ch a ^- S ■ “ about often 

. Under the CUn- 
fon adminiS' 

. tration. 

. . What per- 
' iPlexes me is 
VfBat people 
' talk to 
•woodward 
;iven though 
• : they know that 
^their chances & - 

Of co min g out oUCOwald 

^ive are only 50-50. It is some- 
thing I’ve been curious about 
ever since I stole hubcaps in a 
basement garage with Wood- 
ward and Deep ThroaL 

□ 

I wem over to the White 
House to see if I could find the 
answer there. 

I asked Tim St. Maxens, who 
runs the Oval Room Informa- 
tion Office: “I know that this is 
a stupid question but everyone 
in the White House talked to 
Bob Woodward, including the 
President and Mrs. Clinton. Do 
you have any explanation why 
they were all sucked in?” 

“Bob is a very beguiling per- 
son, and if you don’t talk to him 
he looks as if he's going to cry.” 
* 110 ] told me. 

“I understand that, but his 
book is full of back-biting and 
double-dealing. Isn’t the staff 
smart enough to realize that 
what they are doing could hurl 
the president?” 

"No, they aren't," said Tim. 
~ You have to understand some- 
thing about the president's staff 
— most of them are only inter- 
ested in protecting themselves. 

Fellini Tribute Planned 

Reuters 

ROME — Italy will pay trib- 
ute to the late film director Fe- 
derico Fellini with an exhibition 
on his life and work, to open Jan. 
20 in Rome, then travel abroad. 


They hope that if they open up 
to Woodward they will at least 
come out in his book better 
than the guy who works in the 
next office.” 

□ 

“Woodward made Hillary 
Clinton sound as if she ran the 
country. Do you think that Mrs. 
Clinton sounded off to Wood- 
ward to protect her own posi- 
tion in the White House?" 

“More than likely. There are 
a lot of people in the White 
House who would give their 
eyeteeth to be that close to the 
president.” 

“Woodward portrays the 
president as clumsy and indeci- 
sive. Do you think (hat Clinton 
told Bob that himself?” 

Tim responded cautiously. 
"Probably. Once Woodward 
gets people talking they even 
blow the whistle on them- 
selves." 

□ 

“What will those staffers 
quoted as saying nasty things 
do now?” 

"If they hope to keep their 
jobs they wiU deny that they 
ever talked to Woodward." 

“Will the president believe 
them?" 

“Being indecisive, he may or 
may dol” 

"Woodward quotes people 
when there were only two of 
them in the room. In his open- 
ing chapter he has Clinton and 
Hillary in bed discussing his 
chances of winning the presi- 
dency again. The conversation 
is all dialogue. Was Woodward 
in the room with them?" 

“There are two theories on 
this. One is that Woodward was 
sitting on the edge of the bed 
unnoticed while the first couple 
were talking, or he was under 
the bed. Knowing Bob. we ail 
think that it was die latter." 

□ 

I had one final question for 
Tim, “What is the effect on the 
president now that he knows 
what everybody thinks of every- 
body else in the White House?" 

“At first it didn't bother him. 
but lately he's worried because 
Woodward is not returning his 
calls." 


Out of Hibernation, a Palace of Zoology 


By Barry James 

[ntemalK/nol Herald Tribune 

P ARIS Many thought it was a dodo. But 
coming alive again after a 29-year hibernation, 
the spectacular zoology gallery at Paris's Natural 
History Museum has turned out instead to be a 
phoeau, a Sleeping Beauty awakened. 

The great glass and iron building from the last 
pan of the 1 9th century houses a new permanent 
exhibition on evolution, bringing thousands of ex- 
hibits out of the museum's vast reserves for the first 
lime, h will open to the public on Saturday. 

The subject fits, because tbe great historical 
names associated with the museum — Buffon. Cu- 
vier, Lamarck — made straight the way for Charles 
Darwin. 

The gallery was closed in 1965 following wartime 
damage to its glass roof that allowed moisture and 
pigeons to enter. Although romantic in a gloomy 
sort of way, it had become progressively more dark, 
dank and dusty in tbe postwar years. 

According to ihe architect Paul Ghemetov, who 
along with his colleague Boija Huidobro and the 
stenographer Rene AJlio was responsible for the 
restoration, the huge building was left dormant 
because no one had any idea what to do with it. 

When the government decided to revive it as the 
lost of President Francois Mitterrand’s large public 
works in the capital — including tbe Louvre pyra- 
mid and the Opera Bastille — the Chemetov/Huido- 
bro team won the architectural contest with a clear 
vision of what the gallery should be. 

They wanted to return it to its original condition, 
but fill it with state-of-the an museum technology 
that respects the need for scientific rigor while at the 
same time providing entertainment for the public. 

“The long waiting period preserved tbe building 
almost in its original state,” Chemetov said. 

The architects have uncovered the original stone 
pillars, creating a basement floor for temporary 
exhibitions. They carefully restored the iron struc- 
ture and the lavish wood paneling. The decorative 
glass ceiling has been cleaned and restored, but 
endowed this time with lighting that changes color 
to reflect tbe passage of the hours. 

The architects changed the axis of the building, 
placing the main entrance off the street at one end 
instead of in the middle, facing the botanical garden 
on the Left Bank. The advantage of this is that the 
gallery can remain open in the evening when the 
garden is closed. 

The exhibits — ranging from a coelacanth and a 
narwhal to Louis XV s giant rhinoceros — have been 
restored as welL When the old gallery was closed 
many of them were in a deplorable state. Although 
many are more than 100 years old, they have re- 
emerged as bright-eyed and bushy-tailed as the day 
they fell into the huntsman's snare. 

A 75-foot (22.5-meter) bleached skeleton of a 
whale curves over the entrance, which leads to a 
display of the marine environment from which life 
emerged — the first of three main sections, or acts, 
as Allio prefers to call them. 

Next is a section on the evolution of life on land 
and in the sky — all creatures bright and beautiful. 



LabrdI Beud/KNHM 

The great glass and iron bidding from the 19th century houses a new permanent exhibition on evolution. 


inducting wondrous insects the size of small chick- 
ens. but also, as Monty Python puls it, all creatures 
dull and squat tike snakes and toads. 

Finally, the last act shows how man has affected 
evolution through domestication, agriculture, pollu- 
tion and, more recently, genetic tinkering. 

This is followed by a postscript in the old galieiy of 
birds, preserved as it was, where disappeared and 
endangered species are displayed m old-fashioned 
glass cases. 

“We want to convey the diversity’ of the living 
world and show the dynamic of nature over time," 
said Michel Van Praet, who oversaw the gallery’s 
reconstruction. 

The gallery, designed by Jules Andre was inaugu- 
rated in 1889. a couple of months after the Eiffel 
Tower. Its facade, embellished with the busts of 
eminent biologists, overlooks a statue of Georges- 
Louis Leclerc de Buffon. 

Buffon, one of the great thinkers of the Enlighten- 
ment, was appointed director of the botanical garden 
in 1839 and occupied the post until tbe eve of the 
French Revolution. 

Louis XHI founded the garden in 1635 to promote 
the study of plants used in healing. Buffon built it into 
a modem center of scientific learning. Hie Natural 
History Museum, which last year marked its 200th 
anniversary, was enriched by tbe profusion of exhib- 
its brought back by French explorers and sea captains 
throughout the 19th century. 


The halls, of which the zoological gallery is the 
biggest and grandest, were built around the garden to 
house the ooQections. including a gallery of paleontol- 
ogy containing a mastodon berae donated by Thomas 
Jefferson, and a tnineralogical gallery housing an 
assortment of giant crystals, some weighing tons. 

The museum complex, similar in scope to the 
Smithsonian Institution and National Zoo combined 
in Washington, also embraces a large hothouse, an 
alpine garden, wildlife reserves around France, the 
Museum of Man in Paris, a menagerie and the Paris 
zoo at Vincennes. 

The complex remains France’s leading center of 
biological research, much of which is earned but in a 
score of laboratories in the streets surrounding the 
botanical garden. 

The public — there were 2.5 million visitors last 
year — sees only the tip of the iceberg. Stuffed into 
vast ranks of shelves, fifing cabinets and drawers are 
200 miltion insects, 1.4 million vertebrates, 2 million 
marine invertebrates, 9.5 million plant specimens, 2 - 
million fossils,, four miles of core samples from the. 
floor of the In dian ocean, more than 7.000 gemstones 
and items of jewelry, 2JOO meteorites and 400.000 
cult objects or totems. In underground corridors be- 
neath the garden are three stories of re^e. collec- 
tions containing thousands of stuffed' animals, in 
addition to the 5,000 live animals in the zoological 
collections. 


people 


Celebrity M&ceBonies: 

Ekis and Oprah Sales 

A chipped guiur pick that 
belonged to-EMs Preste? 
JMtorSm at_a Us Vegas 
auction this weekend. Other 
items sold: a guitar. 5»30,wy, 
Svis's American Lxpresscard. 
$ 36 , 000 ; and Jris 

cate, $60,000. -rJloolho 
2,000 viewers out of aWWL jno 

sent postcards to Oprah Win- 
frey got a crack at the talk show 
host’s wardrobe in a idgnjj ' 
of castoffs that netted $ 1 SOJMl 

: The clothes ranged in size from 
8 to 22.. • 

■ □ 

Woody Allen’s new him. 
“Bullets Over Broadway, has 
found a distributor. 

and will come- out this fall. ' His 
deal with TriStar ended last 
year. Allen doesn’t appear m 
the movie. 

- Recipients of the K.yoio 
Prize, which carries a stipend of 
S430.000, are: Andre WeiL 8», 
emeritus . professor of mathe- 
matics at the Institute for Ad- 
vanced Study in Princeton, 
New Jersey, basic science; 
Akira Kurosawa, 84, the Japa- 
nese film director, creative arts 
and inora! sciences; , and Paul 
Chri stian Lanterbar, 65. a Uni- 
versity of Illinois professor, ad- 
vanced technology. The awards 
wiD be presented in Japan in 
November by the Inamari 
Foundation. . . Jasper Johns 
has been named winner of the 
Edward MacDowell Medal Tor 
his contributions to American 
culture. 

□ 

Beatles sightings: Riugo 
Starr, Paul McCartney and 
George Harrison made a record 
in London three weeks ago. ac- 
cording to the Daily Express. 

D.. 

The New York Historical So- 
ciety has named Betty Got- 
ham, who served as parks and 
recreation commissioner under 
Mayor David Dinkins, its execu- 
tive director. . 


INTEIUVAMONAL 

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Appears on Page 4 


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21*70 


31*08 

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27/80 

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29.84 

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9 

23*73 

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23*73 

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iznt 

14*57 


24775 

15*9 pc 

Dud^ra 

29 *M 

16*01 


29*84 

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Copvnhagvi 

21/70 

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c 

22*71 

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CoamCMM 

Z 9 / 8 C 

.-> 2/71 

a 

31/88 

23.73 

t 


16*61 

14.57 


19*66 

12*53 c 


15*50 

14*57 

Bit 

ifl/BI 

11*52 

Bh 

noma 

26*79 

17*02 


29*82 

19*08 

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M /70 

14*57 

a 

26779 

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a 


74 / 7 S 

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ZJVWJ 

18454 , 

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IBM 

* 

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27*00 

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20*60 

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31 .80 

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17 .C 

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SI Pwonbura 21*70 

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SKctfiokn 

17*62 

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sh 

Snustaurg 

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27*00 

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Forecast for Wednesday through Friday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 



Wflffam 

North America 

The central and northern 
Plains wiK have hot weather 
late the week wtfi title or no 
cooling rams A lew tfxrOer- 
*iQms will rumble Iron 
Chicago to DeiroK A storm 
will bring wind and rain to 
Seattle later this week whfle 
the East Coast has very 
warm weather and a la w 
thunderstorms 


Europe 

Central Europe wil be sunny 
and warm Wetfiesday and 
Thursday. Showers and 
cooler weaiher will roach 
London and Parts Friday. 
Cool weather from Oslo to 
Stockholm Wednesday mil 
be replaced by dry. season- 
able weather Thursday and 
Friday. Madrid ml have Mot 
weather Wednesday 


Middle East 


Latin America 


B«i I 

Caro 

Oamsmua 

-toruMtorn 

Lump 

H’V-k*' 


Today 
Wgfc Low 
OF OF 
S W 21 CO 
J4TO 19*66 
M/0J 13*55 
27*90 I6*BI 
38‘10Ci <0*B4 
*2*107 13*73 


M0> Low W 
OF OF 
aitas 22*71 pc 
37*98 a*T» » 

31100 ie*ei 1 

211*62 IB* 6* > 
*11106 21/70 1 
42M07 34/75 * 


Today Tomma 

High Low W Jflgh L cm W 
OF OF OF OF 

BUomeWrea 12*53 3*57 ah 9*-U 2*35 sh 

Caracas 31*88 25*77 s 31-80 M/77 tc 

Uma 19*66 1891 s !9*E6 16-61 PC 

MeWuOty 2*175 13,55 sh 25 T? 14,57 pc 

RndeJanam 25.77 1S<SS pc 25*77 19 *M pc 

5w*ag0 12/53 1*34 pc 13-55 4/J» » 


Heavy 

Snow 


Asia 

Warm weather over south- 
eastern China (ale inis week 
will expand northward 
loward Scout and Nagasaki. 
Northeastern Loan wffl have 
hot weather taler this week 
Scattered heavy rams mil 
drench southwestern China 
A few heavy ihunderstorms 
will en/pi over north-central 
China 


Legend: s-cunny, pc twoy dainty, odouay. sh-stwmw. i ^tfwndeoJorms. r-rein. sksnaw BurKes 
an-sno*. Hce. W-WmBw A B w ton. Iotbchu end data provided by Accu-Wewher. Inc. 7- 1990 


Asia 


Totfn 


Tomorrow 


HMl 

Lon 

W 


Low W 


C/F 

OF 


ctr 

OF 

Bangle)* 

32*09 

26*77 

1 

33*91 

28/79 pc 


29*4 

21/70 1 

29AU 

19*80 PC 

Hang Kona 

29/04 

26*70 

c 

30*00 

20*79 ft 

r/bnfa 

33*91 

24776 

1 

33.91 

25*77 pc 

MewDrt. 

43*10931*8 

a 

437109 31/00 pe 

Semi 

20*2 

17-02 

a 

27*0 

17.153 r 


27*80 

24*76 

r 

20/02 

22*71 pc 

SinanixAW 

32*09 

22*11 


32/M 

13.73 pc 

T»p<n 

32*9 

22*11 


32/09 

W/73 pc 

7olw> 

22*71 

17*? 

c 

55*77 

10*04 PC 

Africa 

/VB*** 

27*00 

19*0 

9 

27/W 

51/70 a 

Capa Town 

12/53 

a.w 

S 

17/62 

9/40 pc 

CaMfcUnra 

27*00 

1702 

9 

20*02 

20*8 PC 

Hinut 

ZI/70 

10*0 

1 

run 

113? PC 

L»9M 

29*04 

73*73 

sh 

29/04 

2477S pc 

Navabi 

21*70 

T 1.-52 


22*71 

12/53 pc 

Tun*, 

J7/S8 

19*66 

pc 28*02 31770 pc 

North America 

Andhocaga 

IT/6J 

12*53 

, 

19/86 

12*93 pc 

Wana 

33/91 

21*70 


32*W 

21*70 pc 

Bailor 

13.02 

10/04 

(Pi 

29/04 

18*84 pc 


31*W 

16*01 

a 

29/04 

17*02 pc 

Dmwrc 

27 *0 

14*57 

1 

32/BS 

16/61 1 

CVamt 

31-30 

1702 


20*02 

17*62 DC 

Hnnc/Jo 

29(04 

21*70 

pc 

30*96 

22*71 pc 


33*91 

22*71 

| 

34/93 

23*73 SC 

LoaAngrta 

27*0 

17*2 

PC 26770 

17.62 PC 

Mam 

324?9 

24*75 

1 

33/91 

?4*73 PC 

F.tawMb 

31/B8 

1BB4 

3 

29/04 

1604 pc 

McrtrssS 

24/75 

1703 

sh 

24/75 

l?S3 * 

7,nsm 

31*8 

24*75 

3 

37 *1W 

2**75 pc 

Iw-ji York 

29.B4 

23.-73 

1 

32*83 

21*70 pc 

[9io«na 

39/1C2 281E 

K 

427107 29/04 , 

Son Fran 

21*73 

12*53 


21*70 

13*56 1 


25*77 

11*52 

9 

20 TO 

13*55 pc 

■enveo 

26773 

14 07 

1 

24/75 

12*53 pc 

Wnhr? Bn 

33*91 

23*73 

1 

34/93 

23*73 pc 


ACROSS 

i incarcerate 
s Wile, m Madrid 
II US UK 
divider 

t* Wearer of an 
aiguillene 
is Warehouse 
charge 

17 Start ola quip 
19 Slippery 
swimmer 
so Axis end 

21 Lift, as ice or 
oysrers 

22 Ilk 

23 Enormous 


x Stress 
WMcSoriev s 
Bar' painter 
John 

30 Good earth 

31 New Zealand 
native 

32 Family V l P ‘s 
3s Middle of the 

quip 

39 Pigpen 

40 Brainy group 

41 Something to 
cop 

42 Work’s gal 

43 Like schlock 
45 Extra leaves 


Solution to Puzzle of June 20 


BUBO □□□□ £]□□□ 

Qsma OHoaa ansa 
BianQnaQQaaanBaa 
□as anmaa aaaaa 

HQBS 

□□a 


mass 


USD 
DOS 
000 
□□a 
oas 
ssBsa 

0EHD 

shed aasaa ansa 

UDSQ QDJUa EJ13BI3 


c 


om 

NMliMU 
'A Isis I E 


48 Ireland's 

islands 

49 Spread tor a 
spread 

so Manchurian 
border river 
si Sunny day 
production 
54 End of the quip 
»9 Starlet's hope 
eo Lackawanna's 
partner m 
railroads 
si Draft agey. 

62 Dallas's 

Plaza 

83 Become 
tiresome 

DOWN 

* Rib 

2 Yorkshire river 

3 Worshiped one 

4 Bock's 

Zeppelin 

s Police 

accompaniment 

6 Clown's prop 

7 Com bread 
eAssn. 

9 Writer Rohmer 
to Farming- Abbr. 
11 'Flow gently. 

sweet ’• 

Burns 


IS Commg-ot-age 
period 
13 SneH 
t c Consumed 
18 * — the Boor 
fl 983 hit) 

23 It's good for the 
long haul 

23 Actress Massey 

24 Filipino 
as Hotel 

housekeeper 
as Pauper 'scry 

27 Old feller 

28 Gumea pig 

29 impertinent 

31 Obeyr 

32 House slipper 

33 Lincoln and 
Vigoda 

34 Dog command 
38 Head of Abu 

Dhabi 

37 Shipped 

38 Unguarded, as - 
a receiver 

42 Reagan Attorney 
General 

43 Like a 
curmudgeon ' 

44 Mata 

4s Bndge 
declaration 
4« D.E A workers 


47 Swizzles 

48 Provide : 
divertissement 

so Soviet spy 
Rudolf 


si Now'e partner 

52 Siberiasstte 

53 River of 
Flariders'- ’ 


•a Proof's ending 
ssHatfOfdeux. 
sir Seventh Greek 
-- letter - . 

. .sa Like a crescent 
'■ moon 



nxtzfet hyOrty Jonw"*" 

C .Veu* Ynrk Times Edited by WiUShortt ' 


1 


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AKT Access Numbers. 

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Z Dull (he convFpvmdinH /CHST Als.'W Number. 

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UXT rjUftgCra] ii« id Au&tfcoi aOiMundA ACT WMUOiaa<0!**MiM¥ -<U»T>Hv^i.-wl-J^.r^ gFILr iM .- K . ' ' - 

IJMft'K.ffl.TuuvjMViJfciUbtWMJBfwatrtTIwulKk'Mnb'fcWlb'iw —Aiik.T colBig: «jh 1 . 

World CoAotcr- [wire-. a«i< td TOT LSADfnxt* bk- pkt* «1 mUAmu! ftuqtye 

lboli9iA-&:w3n.veim>taBnb 

1M I’MIMreo* Vrv *. v :» 1 iminfrtri a«nl Atr nr . A A* jj v-cateUfHl on- ■ " 

5- JUII.VW • . 8fwMJo 

JTtf-'k Jij-m^pliiwnrtlfcr JLil m* 


COUNTRY 

ACCESS NUMBER 

COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY . 

ACCESS NUMBER 



ASIA 

Italy* 

172-1011 BraxH 

000-8010 

I. 

Australia 

1-800-881-011 

Liechtenstein* 

155-00-11 Chile 

OOa-OJU 

I- 

China, PRO** 

10811 

Lithuania* 

Sal96 Columbia 

980-11-0010 


Guam 

018872 

Luxembourg 

tWOOOUl .Cost3llIca*a ■ . 

in 

i 

Hong Kong 

800-1111 

Macedonia, F.YJL of 99-800-1288 Ecuador 

119 

r 

India* 

000-117 

Malta* 

(SSXViW-JJO • . BSahadorti 

1% 

1 

Indonesia# 

001-801-10 

Monaco* 

19a-Ooil Guatemala* 

190 


Japan* 

ooyMii 

Netherlands- 

06^)22-9111 Guyana— 

165 


Korea 

009-11 

Norway 

• 800- 190-11 Honduras** 

12< 


Korea** 

11* 

Poiand'*** 

0*016480-011 1. MerfcOAA* 

95-800-402-12^1 

l 

1, 

i 

Malaysia* 

8008011 

Fortagal* 

05017-1-288 Nicaragua (Manama! na 

New Zealand 

000-PI I 

Romania 

01-8004288 Panamas 

109 


Philippines' 

105-11 

Rnssia~TMo5COW) 

15S-5042 Peru* 

191 

] 

Saipan' 

235-2872 

Stovalria 

00420-00101 Suriname 



Singapore 

SS0CM3H 1 1-1 1 1 

Spain* 

- 900 - 99 - 00-11 Uruguay 

00-IM30 


Taiwan' 

0080-102880 

Switacziand* 

vw/wu ve/iezueta'B 80 - 0 ll- 12 f» 

155-0041 . URIRRPAM 

I- 

Thailand* 

0019-991-1111 


0500-89-0011 Bahamas 

1-800-872-2881 

j 

EUROPE 

Ukraine*' 

8*100-12 Bermuda* 

1-BOOS72-28H1 

i 

Armenia— 

8x14111 

MIDDLE EAST British vx 

1-800-872- TRSi 


Austria— 

022-903-021 

Bahrain 

800-001 Cayman Islands 

1-800-8*2-2881 

l,. 

Bdgnan 1 

0800-100-10 

Cyprus* ' 

080-900 ID Grenada* 

1-80CL877.18R1 


Bulgaria 

00-1600-0010 

Israel 

177-100-2727 H.ilrf* 

001-800-972-2884 

j 

Croatia** 

99-380011 

Kuwait 

800-288 Jamaica-" 

0^50-872-2881 

i 

Czech Rep 

00-42080101 

Lebanon (Beirut) 

426-801 Neth. Atari 

OOl-aO0872-2S^t 


Denmark* 

8001-0010 

Qatar 

08O.VO11-77- Sl Kftts/Nevls 


j 

Finland* 

9800-100-10 

Saudi Arabia 

1-800-10 APffirA 

l- 

Fiance 

19* -0011 

Turkey* 

00-800-12277 Egjpr 1 (Cabo) 


; 

Germany 

01300010 

UJLE* 

800-121 -Gabon* 


i 

Greece* 

00-800-1311 

AMERICAS fiamhjjt* 


! 

Hungary - 

OOjk-800-Ollll 

.Argentina* 

001-800-200-1111 Ka* 


j 

{cdund*a 

999001 

Beiizee 

'555 Uberla 


I 

Ireland 

1-800-550400 

Boihti* 

0-800-U12 Sonrh Africa 

0-800-90l/h w 

). 


! jpjh ty i J 


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