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INTERNATIONAL 




PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


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iplomats Fear All - Out Balkans War 


By David B. Ottaway 

. • : ^ &fe*Kngtafl ftw Ser«« 

■.’.ZAGREB, Croatia — War clouds are , 
figwd over the Balkans, and outside dip! 
td dispel diem are just about exhausted. 


once 
tic efforts 


.-. "Hjo mood among Western diplomats, would-be 
peace ma kers and United Nations mediators hare is one 
qf deep pessimism, and a collective sigh of total frustra- 
tion is dearly audible these days at news conferences 
and m conversations. 


“I don't see how Serbia will be able to stay out,” he 
added. 

The latest UN-negotiated cease-fire between Mus- 
lims and Serbs in Bosnia, which began June 10, is 
breaking down. United Nations in Sarajevo confirm 
“luqor violations” of the trace, mainly by the Muslim- 
led Bosnian Army pushing to take a strategic road near 
Tuzla, in the center of Bosnia. 


bulk detergent in a truck coming across the border from 
Bulgaria. 

“The feeling is everybody is preparing for war,” said 
a UN official who just returned from Sarajevo. 


.The general feeling is that ail parties in the overlap- 
ping Bosnian and Croatian conflicts have no real inter- 
est in peace right now and have set their minds on 
preparing for war, probably this autumn. 

-7 «wsider war a very real danger” remarked a 
senior Western diplomat here. “If there is another war, 
its going to be unlike what we’ve seen so far. It will be 
war with tanks cm all sides, air battles and missile 
attacks on capitals.” 


In Sarqevo, the Bosnian Muslims are digging addi- 
tional defensive trenches all around the city and sending 
mean out of the city to fight in central Bosnia, according 
to UN sources. 


Though under an embargo, both Croatia and Serbia 
are busy buying arms abroad. 


Diplomats here say the Croatians continue to obtain 

id I 


MiG jet fighters and helicopters on the black market 
from eastern Europe countries. Those in Belgrade re- 
name for a MiG-29 jet fighter was recently 
i UN monitors hidden away under a pile of 


The cease-fire negotiated between Croatia and its 
breakaway minority Serbs that went into effect March 
29 has so far held. But a senior UN military official here 
predicted it was bound to become “more and more 
fragile” with each passing day after the breakdown last 
week of the negotiations process. 

The combined efforts of American, Russian, West 
European and UN mediators to get talks under way 
between the Croatian government and rebel Croatian 
Serbs readied a dead end last Thursday when the Serbs 
refused to allow five Croatian reporters to cover the 
evenL 


“We have done our utmost,” a UN mediator, Kai 
Hide, said here recently after spending seven fruitless 


by! 


See BALKANS, Page 4 


U.Si ‘Concern’ Fails 
To Halt Dollar’s Fall 

Markets Take the Dare as Bentsen 
Hints at G- 7 Action to Stop the Slide 


By Lawrence Malkin 

Intenuaiowai Herald Tribune 

NEW YORK — Amid cries from fman- 
<aal maikfftS for the GKnto n adminis tration 
to stand behind the dollar. Treasury Secre- 
tary Lloyd Bentsen said Wednesday said 


Russia Signs On 
With NATO in 
Peace Alliance 


By Daniel Williams 


BRUSSELS — After months of delay that reflected 
deep-seated differences in outlook, Russia entered a 
formal partnership with its old NATO adversary on 
Wednesday, a step each tide hopes will change the 
behavior of the other. 

Visiting NATO headquarters for the first time, For- . 
eign Minister Andrei V. Kozyrev signed documents that 
committed Russia to the Partnership far Peace, an ar- 
rangement of nriihaxY cooperation that could lead to 
nramherahi p in fhc. affiance. 

Twenty other former Soviet bloc countries have joined 
the partnership, but Russia and NATO appeared to see 
Moscow's entry as a key to Enrope’s future. 

“There are no insurmountable obstacles in the way of 
shaping a workable relationship between Russia and its 
Western partners,” Mn Kozyrev said at the signing 


ceremony. 

"Thistsa 


moment in shaping the security of 
our continent,” added Temo BalanzinQ, deputy secre- 
tary-general of NATO. • 

Before the signing, Secretary, of State Warren M. 


the expansion of NATO to include states once occupied 
liy ^eS tiiki tkMaa^i - -. "■’t- iw 

I^^VCobgra^ of jfi 

nations m 

wan thdr freedom from Communist 


NATO issued a separate statement, painstakingly ne- 
gotiated with Russia, that sweeten’* Russia’s participa- 
tion with a unique ch«™ri of consultation. The state- - 
meat falls short of fulfilling Russia’s desire for a voice in 
NATO decisions, bnt goes beyond anything given to any 

other partic i pant. ■ - -v - 

Tie statement was unsigned to show that the docu- 
ment iii no way binds NATO decisionmaking to Russia, 
U.S/ officials said. 


Russia win now. have a Brussels office in modular 


oricetheol 

projects with NATO. officers in a bafl< 
reserved for planning the defense 

-Won! that VfraK L Qmririu, deputy foreign min ister, 
wifl be named hmspn to' the fiance attests to the weight' 
Russia; lends toits finks with NATO, U.S. officials said. 


Ctmtionpervaded background comments from Ameri- 
cans! on the day’s events. “This is just the begin n i n g,” 
sajd a tatior American. “We will see how Russia oper- 
ates. Wm they try to throw their weight around? Tty to 



that he was ready to act with U.S. trading 
partners to protect the currency. 

But after Ms remarks, many on Wall 
Street said he had offered no concrete 
measures of support and the dollar fell 
from the day's nrghs against the yen and 
the Deutsche mark — but not so low as the 
day before when the U.S 
below 100 yen, a postwar low. The 
dosed Wednesday at 101 yen, up slightly 
from Tuesday’s dose of 10033. 

Others on Wall Street warned, however, 
that Washington had just began to fight. 

“I am concerned by recent movements 
in the exchange markets,” Mr. Bentsen 
said in a statement issued at the Treasury 
in Washington early Wednesday after- 
noon. “We are carefully monitoring devel- 
opments. We continue to be in dose com- 
munication with our G-7 partners, and we 
continue to be prepared to act as appropri- 
ate.” 

He added that what was ultimately im- 
portant was the strength of the U.S. econo- 
my. He said he was very confident that it 
was in the midst of an investment-led re- 
covery, followed by recovery abroad. He 
concluded: “We share with the Fed and 
with our Group of Seven partners the com- 
mon goal of sustaining recovery with low 
infla tion.” 

Disappointed that he did not say more, 
traders cautiously shaved tbe value of the 
dollar against the yen and the mark. They 
were waiting for die Fed to act in concert 
with other central banks and buy dollars. 

David Blitzer, chief economist of Stan- 
dard & Poor's, said the worst was not over 
and predicted that the decline of the dollar 
would continue and turmoil in the curren- 
cy markets would accompany it 

Don’t worry, warned John Lipsky, chief 
economist of Salomon BrothersLtherc will 
be intervention, and soon •— ; and if will 


come when the Group of Seven feels the 
market is most overextended, not when the 
market wants it. 

Mr. lipsky explained: “This is not tbe 
kind of statement where you say. The 
bombing will start in five minutes.' What 
you say is, 'Just move, and make my day.’.' 
You don’t make a statement like that with- 
out something behind it, unless you're 
p lanning to retire soon as the secretary of 
the Treasury.” 

The storm in the world’s currency mar- 
kets abated Wednesday as Washington or- 
ganized its defenses behind the dollar to 
demonstrate that the country was deter- 
mined to re main in charge of its own 
rtrmnrag The problem was seen by Wall 
Street as political and psychological, which 
if not resolved would threaten the real 
economy with higher interest rates. 

With Wall Street recalling the benign- 
neglect policies of the Gaiter administra- 
tion that sent the dollar to new lows and 
interest rates to 



Bentsen would talk later about the 

dollar 


In anticipation, the dollar rose by ai- 

lidday in 


most a full yen to around 101 by midday in 
New York and also strengthened against 
the mark. The Dow-Jones industrial aver- 
age recovered 10 points at opening from 
Tuesday’s decline and then was up 21 by 
noon. Prices of Treasury bonds improved 
slightly, shaving a few hundredths of a 
percentage point off their interest rate 
yields. 

Stocks and bonds mainly held their 
gains after Mr. Beritsen’s statement The 
dollar also remained strong against the 
Deutsche mark, rising to 1.6054 DM from 
1.5942 on Tuesday. 

Coincidentally, the Federal Reserve 
Board chairman, Alan Greenspan, had 
been summoned to testify before the 
House Budget Committee Wednesday 
morning on the state of the economy. 

See DOLLAR, Page 4 


Clinton Says North Korea 
Yields in Nuclear Dispute 


SeeN ATO,Ptige4 


TKxiiai CocvAgcott Francr-ftear 

Foreign Minister Andrei V. Kozyrev preparing Wednesday to sign tbe NATO cooperation agreement. 


QmptUby Ovr Staff From Dispatches 

WASHINGTON — President Bin Clin- 
ton announced Wednesday that North 
Korea had formally agreed to freeze its 
nuclear program, opening the way for new 
diplomatic talks with the United States to 
resolve a dangerous standoff. 

Mr. Clinton said at a news conference 
that, on tbe basis of word received from 
the North Koreans, U.S. and North Kore- 
an diplomats would meet in Geneva early 
next month to' discuss a “full range of 
issues” affecting security on the Korean . 
peninsula. 

He said North Korea had agreed not to 
reload to its nuclear reactor now in a state 
of refueling, nor would it reprocess the 


spent fuel. At the same time, he said. 
United Nations monitors now in place at 
the North Korean nuclear site would be 
able to remain. 

In return, he said the United States had 
agreed to suspend its effort in tbe United 
Nations to organize sanctions as punish- 
ment for North Korea’s refusal to allow 
fuD scrutiny of the nuclear site to verify 
that no atomic arms were being made. 

Mr. Clinton said the United States bad 
made no concessions, beyond agreeing to 
halt the sanctions effort. 

The new step stemmed from a trip for- 
mer President Jimmy Carter made last 


See KOREA, Page 5 


WORLD CUP iV/ GRANDSTAND 


•VtJ'o 


Swiss 4,lfomanla .1 


Swj&eriand sped awity from ^ Romania . 
inJfhe second half of their Group A 
mjtcfa in Detroit. The Swiss n adfi d der 
AMa Suttex opeaed tiie scoring, but; 
R^iri&nia's Gheorgho Hagi equalized 
and the first hatf ended tied at 1-1. 


wake with a the victory in Dallas- “We 
want to show people we play football 
in Africa,” Westerhof said. 



3, Bulgaria 6 


Post Columnist Bitten 

Tony Kornhciscr, the iconoclastic col- 
umnist of The Washington Post and 
mainstream sports junkie, has found 
several reasons to love soccer. Weird' 
reasons, but reasons nevertheless. 


coach, Clemens. Wester- 
was “show thneT as the 
with their exciting, fight- 

attack, left Bulgarian their 


Ttamdav aUctrn Italy vs. Norway, w cun 
Rutherford, New Jersey, 2006S)T; South Ko- 
im vs. BoMe, at Foxboro, Massachusetts, 
2335 GMT. .• ■ 

Workl Cup report PagmSS and 23 


UN Endorses French Troop Intervention in Rwanda 





Kiosk 


Takes rite Lead in EU Contest 


Jean- Luc Dehaeae.of 

Wednesday became the 
. re to win the European 
Las' bead of the executive 



Prime Minister Ruud 
'was unable 


A revival of the independent counsel 
may save the CKntons money. Page 3. 
Indonesia’s closure of. three magazines 
could signal a major shift. Age 4. 


support at a mcet- 
be EU*S Christian 


the - 

praties. Mr. Lubbers was 
* i.w. (Page 4) 



Crossword 
Books 
Bridge \ 
Weather 


PageS. 
Page 7. 
Page 7. 
Page 24. 


By Julia Preston 

Wiahmgttm Ptsf Service 

UNITED NATIONS — The Security 
Council, eager to break international pa- 
ralysis over (he tribal bloodshed in Rwan- 
da, voted reluctantly Wednesday to autho- 
rize France to send 2,000 troops to stop the 
killings, despite misgivings about France’s 
neutrality and opposition from Rwanda's 
rebds. 

Although France had the support of the 
United States and Europe, five countries 
on the 15-nation Council abstained, giving 
an unusually weak UN endorsement for an 
operation in which soldiers have orders to 
engage in full-scale combat if necessary. 

Tim first 1,500 French troops will be 
deployed to Rwanda’s western border with 
Zaire as of Thursday. Defense Minister 
Francois Leotard told French television, 
with 500 troops from Senega] also taking 
part. 

But rebels from the Rwanda Patriotic 
Force, which is drawn largely from the 
Tutsi minority, immediately announced 
they would “resist the French intervention 
by aS means at our disposal” and demand- 


ed the United Nations withdraw its 500 
peacekeepers now in Rwanda. 

Even countries who supported the 
French action acknowledged that France 
was not tbe best choice to lead a rescue 
mission to save thousands of civilians, 
most of them Tutsis, who remain in danger 
of slaughter in areas controDed by the 
Hutu-dominated government forces. 


i gov< 

“We must be flexible enough to accept 

ine KL 


imperfect solutions,” said Madeleine 
Albright, the U.S. chief delegate, even 
while voicing Washington’s “strong sup- 
port" for Pans’s initiative. 

France was a longtime supporter of the 
former Hutu president, Juvenal Habyri- 
mana. whose death in a plane crash April 6 
sparked the crisis and who organized the 
militias that have carried out a systematic 
murder campaign that has left more than 
250,000 Tutsis dead. 

However, even though the killings con- 
tinued unabated for 10 weeks, no other 
countries, including the United States and 
the major African nations, have been wtil- 



See RWANDA, Page 4 


AMdbJk SonvA|cn Fmce-Prew 

Government imfitiamen sitting in a bidden track Wednesday in Kigali. 


With Barriers Fallen 9 What Future for Mandela’s Jail? 


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Trib Index 



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HI. J alUl 

previous etefl 

(Ml . 

-1.8054 

. . 1.5943 

Pound 

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100.335 


.“ 5*853 


5.4508 


By Steven A. Holmes 

New York Tima Servkr 

ROBBEN ISLAND, South Africa — South Africans 
managed to overcome their vast cultural and political 
differences as they created their new government, but a 
dry, windswept island 10 kilometers across the water 
from Cape Town is putting into focus the debate that is 
yet to come over how to treat the country’s history. 

Robben Island has been the home of South Africa's 
unwanted: lepers, the mentally disturbed, political pris- 
oners, criminals. Now, the new government is trying to 
decade what to do with the spot of land that for years 
served as Nelson Mandela's jail. 



The previous government had developed plans to close 
the island’s two prisons, which currently hold about 700 


convicted criminals, at the end of 1996. The new govern- 
ment has yet to decide about the island’s future. 

Different interests have put forward their own visions 
for the island. Some environmentalists want to return it 
to a pristine state as a wildlife refuge. A land developer 
made a proposal to build a casino there. Some want to 
turn it in to a museum, and one group would like to set up 
a center to teach nonviolent conflict resolution. 

But the new minister of the Department of Correction- 
al Services says that given the overcrowding in South 
Africa's prisons, he may push to keep tbe island as a 
penal colony. 

“It needs to be remembered, but the question is in 
what form,” said Felicia Siebritz, tbe administrator of 
the Mayibuye Center, a center for black history at the 
University of the Western Cape. 



a week by the Department of Correctional Services are 
booked solid for the rest of the year. 

“This place not only symboiizcs the evfl of apartheid, 
but also the strength of the human spirit,” Michael 
Lapsley, an Anglican priest and anti-apartheid advocate, 
said on a recent visit. 

Thongh Father Lapsley was never imprisoned on the 
island, his life was also seared by the brutal repression of 
dissidents that Robben Island symbolizes. In April 1990 
he lost both of his hands when a letter bomb sent to his 
house in Zimbabwe exploded. 

The interest in Robben Island has led to concerns that 
See ISLAND, Page 4 


Je. 

Ji 

s 






n n 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 


Germans Wonder if Health-Care Model Can Survive an 

Atkinson a hospital bed plus S 12.000 or so for sur- imposed controversial price controls and fund or buy private health insurance. Pen- psychiatric care.'br 

BERLIN Pm gery — none of them will ever see a bill, other measures. But that is only the begin- sioners are either insured by the same fund weeks of paid raa: 


By Rick Atkinson 
„ BERLIN 

Boom 1 19 at pn. i, men sharing 

ample reason .o^y oU,ard Hospital have 
Bach suffers from ^ al thc WOrld * 
each faces oom^hZ ^ 0 ^' arlery djsease - 
endur^? flv 7!?'! ,eart sur Sen\ each has 
Prodding ° f preoperau ' ve poking and 

rortun es ° ar ?!L^ WUSc lhc,r mis- 
abo u r^ n ^« )m P 0 ? n 1 de d by worries 
fieri" sairi^u * m Sfateful and very satis- 
60 whose J^? ls " Gtinlhcr Bniggemann. 
roomm^ sen^rant was echoed bv his 
Wi ™ k °'- 

Uke most patients in Germany's health 

^oidX the - n ? en “ Roor n 119 are 
of Am.2 ^ ax K ,el,es 11,31 P ,a Sue millions 
uJXSS^IP' Des P Ue th «ir age and frail 
pondiuon, there is no danger thai they will 
«»e meir insurance coverage. Access to 
[J^man medical care, among the world's 
oest, is guaranteed unLi! death. 

And although each is accumulating im- 
mense medical expenses -—5267 a day for 


Aging Population 


a hospital bed plus SI 2.000 or so for sur- 
gery — none of them will ever see a bill. 
Mr. Wienskol’s out-of-pocket expenses are 
typical: $19 a month to help underwrite 
the nine prescription medications he is 
taking. 

President Bill Clinton repeatedly has 
cited a German influence on his own 
thinking about health care, although the 
reform proposals wending their way 
through Congress may end up with more 
differences than similarities to the system 
here. 

Yet, the German approach is worthy of 
continued scrutiny if for no other reason 
than that it has maintained a broad level of 
high-quality patient care while trying to 
contain soaring costs. Germany led the 
way among industrialized nations more 
than a century ago in adopting a compre- 
hensive national health system; now. the 
Germans are trying to figure out whether 
they can still afford such national largesse. 

Faced with the rising price of modern 
medicine and a rapidly aging population, 
which will increase demands on the health 
care system, the German government has 


mng. 

“The real reforms have to come now.” 
said Hans-Jurgen Thomas, chairman of 
the country's leading physicians' associa- 
tion. “The problem that Germany and the 
rest of the world face, at least in the highly 
developed world, is demographic. More 
older people with more illnesses and ever 
fewer young people working to pay Tor Lhe 
system." He added. “There is a gap be- 
tween what is possible medically and what 
is affordable.” 

All workers earning less than S37.0Q0 a 
Year must belong to a Krankenkasse. a 
sickness fund, to which they contribute 
through payroll deductions. The average 
contribution, evenly divided between em- 
ployee and employer, is 13.4 percent of 
gross salary. 

The Krankenkassen are not-for-profit 
insurance institutions organized by profes- 
sion. industry or region. Large companies 
often have their own funds, and Germany 
has more than 1,300 Krankenkassen. 

High-wage earners may either join a 


fund or buy private health insurance. Pen- 
sioners are either insured by the same fund 
they belonged to while working or by pri- 
vate insurers. Additional provisions are 
made for civil servants, welfare recipients 
and the unemployed. Nearly 90 percent of 
all Germans and their families are covered 
by the Krankenkassen. About 10 percent 
are covered by private insurance, which 
entities them to somewhat preferential 
treatment, and less than 1 percent of the 
population is uninsured. 

The funds channel their accumulated 
cash to regional associations of physicians, 
with whom they bargain for services on the 
basis of a negotiated fee schedule. 'Hie 
physicians' associations then act as pay- 
1 masters in reimbursing their members. The 
Krankenkassen also negotiate fixed reim- 
bursement rates with local hospitals. 

Coverage is more or less uniform, re- 
gardless of the Krankenkasse involved. 
Germans can choose their physician and 
make unlimited doctor visits without addi- 
tional payment. They get acute hospital 
care and drug prescriptions with only a 
nominal co-payment. The system provides 


psychiatric care, broad dental coverage, 14 
weeks of paid maternity leave, generous 
disability pay, periodic visits to. therapeu- 
tic spas, paid leave to take care of sick 
children and on and on. 

Bui for all its benefits, the German sys- 
tem has several distinct drawbacks. 

Doctors are paid on a fee-for-service 
basis, so there is an incentive to overtreat 
patients. Because patients rarely see a bilk 
they have little reason to economize or 
moderate their use of the system. Germans 
on average visit their doctor 11 times a 
year, the typical. German worker takes 19 
days of sick leave annually, compared with 
seven days for the average American. 

“The patient today hasn't got any idea 
what it all costs," said Mr. Thomas, the 
physicians' association chairman. “He just 
knows that he needs to be treated and has a 


right to be treated.* 

Many procedures, such as fetal sono- 
grams, are overused, said Gotz Laxnpe. an 
obstetrician-gynecologist. Such practices, 
coupled with the escalating price of mod- 
ern medical equipment ana procedures, 
have severely strained the German system: 


■Unlike lhe United 

aged to keep costs reaS0Da ^L-j c c s percent 
mdie 1980s Genn^y^* 8 -/ heaJ[h 
of its poss dom^ ? 4 ^cen t in the 
care compared with cited bv Mr- 
United Slates, statistics often citeu . 

C1 BK the first 

costs in Germany climbed an <***•» _ - 
Scent annually. In a btnerly 
SSS that took effect *£££,?£ 

government ™P“*i J r E^ 1 «piid 
spending for physician foes. » v 
charges and most prescription 1 d™**' m 
H ealth Minister Horst Seehofcr. ar 
tect of the «fomB.has prodaun^ 

by announcing that “the health _ 

system is now heajthy again. TTk ^IJ. 
kenkassen, which accumulated a $3- 
lion deficit in 1992. last year amassed^*® 
trillion surplus, a trend that has continued 

ButMr. Seehofer's many critics charge 
that his efforts to fix the system nave 
simply delayed an inevitable surgem costs. 
They say the aging population will strain 
the system to the breaking point. 


Latest Bosnia Front 
Is All-Muslim War 

Businessman's Militia Proves 
‘Even Brothers Can Fight’ 


By Roger Cohen 

V «* ' York Times Serna: 

PEC1GRAD, Bosnia-Herze- 
govina — This Bosnian village 
set in undulating countryside 
has become the most active 
front line in Bosnia over the lost 
week and (he heart of a bizarre 
but intensifying conflict that 
has set Muslim against Muslim 
in a fratricidal war. 

The 26- month war has seen 
virtually every permutation of 
conflict among and between 
Muslims, Serbs and Croats. But 
none is stranger or more intrac- 
table than a battle raging in the 
northwestern Bihac area be- 
tween the Muslim -dominated 
army of the Bosnian govern- 
ment and the Muslim troops of 
a wealthy businessman named 
Fikret Abdic, who has declared 
autonomy from Sarajevo. 

The crackle of automatic- 
weapons fire could be heard al- 
most constantly Tuesday as a 
commander in Mr. Abdic’s mi- 
litia. Hasim Ahmetasevic. 
pointed across roiling fields and 
wooded hills to positions taken 
bv the Bosnian Army in the 
offensive that started 10 days 
earlier. 

“They are just over there 
now, about. 250. meters away,” 
the officer said, indicating a hill 
called Krecana just east of Peci- 
grad. “Our position has become 
more vulnerable.” 

As if to prove his point, a 
sniper's bullet whistled a few 
feet overhead, and Mr. Ahme- 
tasevic ducked for cover behind 
a stone wall. Asked how he felt, 
as a Muslim, to be a target of 
bullets from the Muslim-domi- 
nated Bosnian Army, he said; 
“Even two brothers can fight. 
This did not happen by my wiji. 
but because the government in 
Sarajevo wants war and more 
war.” 

United Nations officials in 
the capital of Mr. Abdic's so- 
called autonomous province of 
western Bosnia, Velika KJa- 
dusa, say fighting in the last 
week is the most intense since 
Mr. Abdic declared autonomy- 
in the northern half of the Bihac 
pocket on SepL 27 and installed 
himself as president of an al- 
most exclusively Muslim com- 
munity of about 50,000 people. 

MrAbdic. head of one of the 
largest companies in the former 
Yugoslavia, a food and agricul- 
tural products conglomerate 
called Agrokomerz, has de- 
nounced what he calls the de- 
structive Muslim nationalist 
politics of the Bosnian presi- 
dent. Alija Lzetbcgovic. 

Instead, Mr. Abdic has opted 
for a freewheeling network of 
political and economic alliances 
with the neighboring Serbs in 
lhe occupied Krajina areas of 
Croatia and with Croats, too. 
trading in virtuallv everything. 


Syria Ends South Africa Ban 

Agenee France -Prnse 

DAMASCUS — Syria has 
decided to end its trade embar- 
go on South Africa, newspapers 
said here Wednesday. The em- 
bargo was imposed in 1963. 


including food and weapons. 
His essential message, his aides 
say. is that if people are making 
money, they will eventually For- 
get about eihnic differences and 
war. 

For many Bosnian Muslims, 
however. Mr. Abdic is no more 
than a traitor and a crook. He 
was sentenced to a year in pris- 
on in 1987 for embezzlement in 
one of Yugoslavia's largest fi- 
nancial scandals. 

What seems clear is that Mr. 
Izetbegovic's government has 
decided to use the monthlong 
Bosnia-wide cease-fire that was 
agreed to with the Serbs on 
June 10 in Geneva to try to 
finish with Mr. Abdic. Al- 
though the cease-fire should, in 
theory, apply to this pan of 
Bosnia, too, it has not taken 
hold. 

“At least 100 people have 
been killed and several hundred 
wounded over the last 10 days " 
said Monique Tuffelli, chief of- 
ficial of the UN High Commis- 
sioner for Refugees’ office in 
Velika Kladusa. “One has the 
impression that the Bosnian 
government forces are closing 
in.” 

Serbian forces in Krajina 
have gone to the aid of Mr. 
Abdic. shelling the advancing 
Bosnian Army from positions 
just north of Velika Kladusa. 
UN officials say they believe 
that the Serbs would be quite 
unlikely to allow the Bosnian 
Army to defeat Mr. Abdic. as 
he has become a useful ally, 
lying up Bosnian Army units 
that might otherwise be’ shoot- 
ing at Serbian forces. 

Mr. Abdic's chief adviser. 
Mehmed Kostic. said that he 
had 10.000 soldiers in his army 
and that “we are quite capable 
of taking back the ground we 
have lost.” He suggested that 
there was no possibility of com- 
promise. 

“Sarajevo wants to impose an 
Islamic state with Islamic law, 
though we cannot accept this.” 
he said, using an argument fre- 
quently advanced by the Bosni- 
an Serbs. “But we see this au- 
tonomous province as a model 
for the only system that will 
work in Bosnia -Herzegovina, a 
series of self-governing cantons 
trading actively with their 
neighbors” 

Mr. Izetbegovic is known to 
be infuriated by Mr. Abdic. and 
he recently asked the Croatian 
president. Franjo Tudjman. his 
new ally in the Muslim-Cro- 
atian federation in Bosnia, to 
make sure that any trade be- 
tween Zagreb and Velika Kla- 
dusa ceases. 

But Mr. Kostic said: “Noth- 
ing serious has changed. We 
still have our trading corridor 
with Zagreb, and we still trade 
with our Serbian neighbors." 

An example of the trade was 
evident in the military head- 
quarters Tuesday. Boxes of Ka- 
lashnikov rifle ammunition 
were covered in the Cyrillic 
script that the Serbs use. Evi- 
dently. the boxes had been pro- 
vided by the Serbs to their Mus- 
lim friends. 







l lui. llrijjavKnun 

Twins pressing against the window- of a bus carrying them from Sarajevo to refuge in Split Croatia, on Wednesday. 

Moscow Hotel’s Roaches Face Eviction 


By Alessandra Stanley 

Nrn York Times Serna- 

MOSCOW — “We have no rals and 
no cockroaches,” the waiter at the res- 
taurant of the Rossiya Hotel said sullen- 
ly after city health inspectors ordered 
Russia's largest and some say ugliest 
hotel to close temporarily and rid itself 
of the uninvited guests. 

Still with a straight face, he added, 
“absolutely none.” Then, reluctantly, the 
waiter smiled and his smile stretched 
wider and wider until he threw his head 
back and began laughing uncontrollably. 

“Have guests complained?" he gasped. 
“How can they — they are too busy 
chasing the rats in all directions." He 
roared, surreptitiously wiping the tears 
of giddy amusement From his eyes. 

In a city that now boasts four-star 
hotels, casinos, boutiques, malls and 
French restaurants with unctuous som- 
meliers. the Rossiya stands as a glass- 
and-metal throwback to the frills-free 
Soviet past, unrenovated, still relatively 
cheap and still seedy. 

However decayed, the 5,374-bed Ros- 


siya is a far more vivid memorial to life 
under communism than the nearby Le- 
nin Mausoleum on Red Square, which 
has been stripped of its honor guard and 
soaking line of worshipers. 

When it was still new, a leading archi- 
tecture critic. Ada Louise Huxtable, de- 
scribed the Rossiya as “an air-condition- 
ed nightmare for 6,000." 

Rats and roaches took nobody there 
by surprise. Some seemed almost nostal- 
gic- l . 

Certainiv. employees of the gigantic, 
bleakly lighted hotel and theater com- 
plex, a Communist-era eyesore that from 
some angles blocks the view of the Krem- 
lin and Red Square, were not shocked 
that city health inspectors ordered Mon- 
day that the complex be shut 

Nor were the guesis. 

A group of Australians at the hotel 
actually seemed cheered by the news that 
Moscow was as unhygienic as advertised. 
“This,” Paula Jude said brightly, “is ad- 
venture!” 

The Rossiya was tcuLed here as the 
biggest and most modern hotel in Lhe 


world, a symbol of Soviet achievements 
as the regime prepared to celebrate its 
50th anniversary in 1967. It was meant to 
be a magnet for foreign tourists. 

But it had problems. It was so big and 
inefficient that desk clerks sometimes 
could not find guests. Room service was 
chaotic. In 1977. a fire killed at least 45 
people. 

In the Bolshevik era, ancient churches, 
quaint wooden bouses and one of the 
city's oldest ndghborhoods around Red 
Square were razed. The site was later 
selected by Nikita S. Khrushchev for a 
grandiose haven for Communist digni- 
taries and out-of-town delegations. 

Now, mostly Russian business people 
and low-budget tour groups haunt its 
corridors. 

The hotel management did not inform 
the guesis that whole sections of the 
hotel were being closed and occupants 
would be relocated to other buildings. 

“I saw roaches in the room,” Zimfir 
Almukhatemova. 30, a pharmaceuticals 
saleswoman from Bashkiria, said. “But I 
didn't hear about them." 


WORLD BRIEFS 

U.S. Freezes Assets of All Haitians 

WASHINGTON (AP) — President Bill Clinton ordered Amer- 
ican financial Institutions to freeze the assets of all Haitians on 
Wednesday, widening the economic stranglehold once limited to 
mflitaiy leaders. 

An administration official said Mr. Clin ton signed the execu- 
tive order on. Tuesday night and. had it transmitted to banks and 
other institutions before the business day. began. About 600 
military leaders and their supporters were barred earlier this, 
month from access to their money in U.S. bank accounts. 

Sealing off U.S. bank accounts is part of Mr. Clinton's plan to 
force military leaders to peacefully give way to the deposed 
president, the Reverend Jean-Bertrahd Aristide. 

Comt Clears Ex-Italy Official of Graft 

MILAN (Reuters) — A court acted Wednesday to clear former 
Foreign Minister Giovanni de Michelis, one of the. most widely 
known casualties of Italy's massive graft scandals, of one count of 
bribery. But the court told the prosecution, to press ahead, with 
action on another count of breaking laws on the financing of 
political partite. 

The former official had been charged with violation of party 
financing laws for accepting a promise of a 70 million lire 
($44,000) contribution to his Sod alist Pany’s" campaign for gener- ' 
al elections in 1992. The court noted that the money had never 
been handed over. - 

Drug Money in Colombia Campaign? . 

BOGOTA (AP) — Colombia's biggest drug ring influenced the 
presidential race by contributing to the campaign, of President- ■ 
elect Ernesto Samper Pizano, according to a tape recording of 
bugged conversations and television news reports. 

Television news programs broadcast portions of a. tape record- 
ing Tuesday night in which two men identified as leaders of the 
Cali drug ring and another man could be heard discussing millions ‘ 
of dollars in political contributions. Financial requirements of the 
Samper campaign were discussed, and one of the men appears to ‘ 
approve a contribution of 3 billion pesos. . 

The Samper campaign said it “at firmed categorically that the 
treasury did not take m -any resources of dubious origin!” TWii. 
Samper said if .any, of hj« t^paign workers were Implicated, they 
would face criminal sanctions. . 


■ m 
# 


German Opposition Taps Scharping to Face Kohl 


By Stephen Kjnzer 

■Vrv l".«rL Tttr.es Sets ice • 

HALLE Germany — Germany’s oppo- 
sition Social Democratic Party, reeling 
from a steep drop in popularity in recent 
weeks, on Wednesday officially nominated 
Rudolf Scharping as its candidate for 
chancellor. 

"Optimism, hope and confidence in 
Germany requires a realistic basis.” Mr. 
Scharping asserted in one of his several 
attacks on Chancellor Helmut Kohl in his 
acceptance speech. “It serves no purpose 
simply to repeat what was done in 1 9%, to 
make promises and then ruin everything." 

“Kohl let both Easterners and Western- 
ers down. What 1 criticize is the way he 
abused people's joy and hope and opti- 
mism in 1990 and the way he is doing the 
same thing today.” 

Mr. Scharping, who is governor of the 
state of Rhineland-Paiaiinate, told a party 
convention that he was committed to full 


employment and “ecological moderniza- 
tion of our economy.” including an end to 
the use of nuclear power. He also promised 
that he would not raise taxes if elected, 
something many voters fear. 

Several times, Mr. Scharping appealed 
to his fractious party to unite behind him. 

“1 expect from you what you can expect 
from me. not just formal unity but the 
courage to fight and the strength to dream, 
because otherwise we won't succeed.” he 
said. “When you want to move such a fat 
man. you have to get together to do it" 
More than 95 percent of delegates voted 
to endorse Mr. Scharping's candidacy, but 
they did so with the growing realization 
that Mr. Kohl will be difficult to defeat 
When Mr. Scharping emerged as the 
likely Social Democratic candidate late 
las: year, he seemed to have excellent pros- 
pect's for defeating Mr. Kohl. Weekly polls 
taker, by the Forsa Institute, a leading 
opinion "survey firm, showed him 15 points 


ahead in March, and even as recently as 
two weeks ago. 

But the Social Democrats have suffered 
serious reverses in voting for local offices 
and for the European Parliament since 
then, and a Forsa poll released Wednesday 
showed Mr. Kohl with a 13-point lead. 

Commentators attribute the dramatic 
shift in opinion to voters’ uncertainty 
about the Social Democrats and Mr. 
Scharping. 

Critics had charged that Mr. Scharping 
was failing to distinguish himself from 
other candidates and parties, and on 
Wednesday he sought to remedy that. Be- 
sides attacking Mr. Kohl, he criticized the 
Free Democrats as elitists and attacked the 
Greens for their calls to disband the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Ger- 
man Army. 

“We stand by the Atlantic partnership.” 
he said. “For us, NATO and the army are 
not up for negotiation." 


Russian Meets With Gore Over Aid 

WASHINGTON (AP) — Prime Minister Viktor S. Chernomyr- 
din held talks with Vice President Al Gore oa Wednesday on 
cooperation to bolster Russia's struggling economy, expected to 
include a $9 billion oil and gas deaL 

During the two days of la£ks,Mr. Chernomyrdin and Mr. Gore 
were to sign documents covering cooperation in space, energy, , 
en vironment, nuclear reactors, science and technology. j 

One of the most significant agreements being prepared was£ 
Russia’s agreement to stop making wea pons-grade plutonium ail 
its nuclear generating stations. But U.S. officials suggested that an 
obstacle remained over how much money Russia would get to help 
it convert to other energy sources. ■ a 


TRAVEL UPDATE I 

British Rail Strike Hits Commuters ? 

LONDON (Reuters) — Britain’s second 24-hour rail strike / 
eight days caused havoc for tens of thousands of commuters c 
Wednesday as they boarded buses, fought traffic or simply walke 
to work. . . \ 

Leaders of the striking Rail, Maritime and Transport workers' \ 
union warned it was just a taste of things to come as they 
threatened two more one-day stoppages, on June 29 and July 6'. 

A strike against planned job cuts bady disrupted French train 
service Wednesday, with fewer than half the trains running in 
much of the country, the state railroad company said. Reuicrs ) 

International passengers traveling through Scfripbol, Amster- 
dam's airport, may now obtain value-added tax refunds on 
purchases made in any of the 12 EU countries. ift'YT) 

North Korea has decided to admit Japanese tourists again after a 
one-year hall to issuing visas, Chugai Travel. Co- a company 
specializing in package tours to the North, said in Tokyo. It said a 
state-run tourism enterprise in Pyongyang had provided notice of 
the change in policy. (A p) 

A Chntese-boDt highway connecting the resort valley or Pokhara 
with remote mountainous areas of Nepal was inaugurated by 
Prime Minister Girija. Prasad Koirala It took five years to build 
the 71 -kilometer highway through high hills and valleys. (A Pi « 

A Cathay Pacific Boeing 747 jumbo jet was involved in a near/ 
collision with a Air Nippon Airbus A-320 off Shikoku Island i f 
southern Japan on Saturday, news reports said. Cathay Pacif ' 
reported to the Japanese Ministry of Transportation that £ 
Boeing 747, on a Vancouver- Hong Kong flight, and the Airbus.! 
route from Naha to Osaka, came as close as .91 meters vertical 
and 1,850 meters horizontally, the reports said. (An 



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THE AMERICAS/ W&N L 

Revival of Independent Counsel May Save Clinton Cash 


Page 3 . 


jg ^ 


By David E. Rosenbaum 

Akw Tar* Times Service 

WASHINGTON - — The House of Represen- 
tatives gave final congressional approval to a bill 
reinstating the independent counsel taw that ex- 
pired two years ago. 

One consequence of the measure is that Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton and others in his administra- 
tion may become entitled to reimbursement for 
part of their legal fees growing out of the 
Whitewater investigation. 

The House approved die final version of the 
bill on Tuesday by a vote of 317 to 105. It cleared 
the Senate with bipartisan support last month 
and now goes to the president, who has promised 
to sign it. 

The independent counsel law, first enacted in 
the aftermath of the Watergate scandal in the 


1970s, allows a special prosecutor from outside 
the government to be appointed by a three-judge 
pane] of federal judges to investigate accusations 
of crimes by high government officials. 

A total of 1 3 different special prosecutors were 
appointed under the law from the Carter admin- 
istration through the Bush administration. But 
the statute expired in 1992 when an extension 
was opposed by President George Bush and 
blocked by Republicans in Congress. 

Mr. Clinton made his support of the law an 
issue in the 1992 presidential campaign. And 
with a Democrat now in the White House, many 
Republicans in Congress have had what Repre- 
sentative Jack Brooks, a Texas Democrat, on 
Tuesday called “a change of heart.*’ 

The new law will probably mean a change of 
status for Robert B. Fiske Jr., the special prose- 


cutor in the Whitewater case. He was appointed 
by Attorney General Janet Reno, who promised 
him independence, but technically he remains an 
official of the Justice Department. 

Ms. Reno is expected to ask the panel of 
judges 10 name an independent counsel in the 
Whitewater case. Although the measure that 
cleared Congress would not require judges 10 
pick Mr. Fiske, they are expected to do so. He is 
an accomplished prosecutor who has Republican 
as well as Democratic support, and it would 
make liule sense to choose someone who would 
have to start from scratch. 

As a practical matter, this would probably not 
mean much to Mr. Fiske. All his subpoenas 
would remain in force, and all the testimony he 
has taken would still be valid. 

But it would allow Clinton administration 


officials who are investigated by Mr. Fiske but 
not indicted to apply to the panel to have ihdr 
legal fees reimbursed by the government. They 
must show that they would not have had the 
expenses if it had not been for the independent 
counsel. And none of the costs they incurred 
before his appointment as independent counsel 
would be eligible for reimbursement. 

The president’s fees in the Whitewater case 
could easily exceed $2 million. Presidential assis- 
tants said Monday that they were planning to ask 
Americans to contribute to a legal defense fund 
for him. 

Even if he is entitled to some reimbursement. 
Mr. Clinton may need additional funds, not only 
because he has high-priced lawyers but also be- 
cause none of the costs he has borne up till now 
can be reimbursed. 




President Can’t Buck 
‘Soft Money’ Circuit 

Some Backers Feel Betrayed 




A wmirn ... ___ . ■ • KoiMim KmIuh. The AMKUlnl Pick, 

FACES — Japanese workers finishing their work on a copy of the Mount Rushmore sculpture of 
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln at a festival site east of Tokyo. 


AMERICAN 

TOPICS 

50 Tears On, CIB3I 
On Downhifl Slope ’ 

A half century after Con- 
gress passed the GI Bill, its 
provisions have eroded. The 
bill, formally called the Amer- 
ican Servicemen’s Readjust- 
ment Act of" 1944, opened 
higher education to nultions 
of veterans, fueled a housing 
boom and turned renters into 
.homeowners through low-in- 
terest, no-iiKjney-down mort- 
gages.-. 

After World War U, bene- 
fits stretched over 48 months, 
compared with 36 months 
now. The $50 monthly benefit 
for a 'single veteran in the 
1940s has increased in the last 
50 years,' to S400, but the in- 
crease has not made up for the 
rapid rise is inflation. 

--•The GI BQTs purchasing 
power has just evaporated,” 
said Eh3 Boodon, a spokes- 
man far the American Legion. 

Representative G.V. Mont- 
gomery, Democrat of Missis? 
sippi, chairman of the House 
Veterans Affairs Committee 
and a World War II veteran. 
sajd^Tt .doesn’t really get the 


hrankles veterans, too,that 
the. C3 BUI now requires ser- 
vicemen to pay premiums, Eke 


| life insurance. The rising com- 
plaints about the erosion in 
[ benefits have prompted the 
3.1-ntiUion member American 
Legion itv' lobby Congress to 
rewsdThe'lfiBr again. It pro- 
poses doubling the benefit, ei- 
ther by extending the stipend 
period - to 72 months, or by 
raising it to $800 a month. 

Short Takes 

. Tiro phannaceuttea) compa- 
nies, Connaught Laboratories 
erf Swiftwater, Pennsylvania, 
and SnhthKhne Bcacham of 

thefinrtILrge-scale tests crf<a> 
periroental vaccines against 
-Lyme disease, a potentially 
debilitating ailment carried by 
ticks. There is no guarantee 
die vaccines will work. But the 
companies bad no problem 
finding 10,000 volunteers for 
the first round of inocula- 
tions. Both vaccines have so 
far proved safe and effective 
inanimate; almost every guin- 
ea pit hamster and monkey 
inoculated has been protected 
from the disease — even after 
deliberate exposure to the 
I^rhe bacterium. 

Most professors m the Unit- 
ed States and 13 other coun- 
tries beheve that they have a 
responsibility to help solve so- 
cial problems, but they think 
that their ideas and recom- 
mendations are often ignored 
outside tiie classroom, accord- 
ing to a survey. of 20,000 pro- 
fessors by the Carnegie Foun- 


dation for the Advancement 
of Teaching. In all 14 coun- 
tries except South Korea, few- 
er than half of the faculty 
. members say that professors 
are among the most influen- 
tial opinion leaders. In the 
United States, only 21 percent 
think they are highly regarded 
outside the classroom, and in 
Israel and Britain, a little 
more than 10 percent think so. 

There have been 43 heavy- 
weight boxing champions rec- 
ognized by least one boxing 
I association in the past centu- 
ry. But there wasn’t a lefth- 
ander among them until Mi- 
chael Moorer defeated 
1 EvanderHolyfield fox the title 
April 22. Why? Whenever a 
fight managers took on a 
promising young boxer, he 
would be ordered to fight 
right-handed even if he was a 
southpaw. Otherwise, says 
Bert Sugar, editor and pub- 
lisher of Boring Illustrated, it 
was too hard to line up bouts: 
no righty wanted to fight a 
lefty — the style was too unfa- 
miliar. There have been ex- 
ceptions in the lower weights 
but almost none among the 
heavies. 

The state dinner at the 
White House last week for 
Emperor Alohito and Em- 
press hfidnko of Japan was 
white tie — but not all state 
dinners arei It depends on the 
president. Dwight Eisenhower 
gave several white tie dinners 


and John F. Kennedy contin- 
ued the custom but switched 
to black tie when several con- 
gressmen complained that 
white tie was uncomfortable. 
Lyndon B. Johnson loathed 
white tie; Richard Nixon 
Hired it Jimmy Carter stuck 
with black tie. White tie re- 
turned with Ronald Reagan. 
George Bush, and Bill Clin- 
ton. The Washington Post re- 
calls that despite Mr. John- 
son’s loathing, his wife. Lady 
Bird, talked him into wearing 
it for a French Embassy din- 
ner. The Johnsons arrived to 
find all the other males wear- 
ing black tie except one, 
whom Mrs. Johnson hastily 
pointed to. “But he’s carrying 
a tray," Mr. Johnson protest- 
ed. 

International Herald Tribune. 


By Michael Wines 

New York Times Service 

WASHINGTON —Thirteen 
months after be proposed curb- 
ing the d ominan ce of national 
politics by monied interests and 
16 months after his party chair- 
man proposed relying “less on 
black-tie dinners and more on 
brown-bag lunches" for fund- 
raising, President Bill Clinton 
arranged to dine with 1,800 of 
the Democratic Party’s most 
prosperous patrons. He is ex- 
pected to gain S2 million in 
fresh donations in the process. 

The event has proved the last 
straw for the nation’s most 
prominent clean-government 
group. Common Cause, which 
, has endorsed the same fund- 
1 raising restrictions that Mr. 
Clinton pledged. 

Common Cause has prepared 
a study showing that since mid- 
1992, the president and other 
Democrats have raised S40.5 
million in such big-money con- 
tributions. Virtually all of it 
came from wealthy companies 
and citizens who gave chrectly 
to the Democratic Party, by- 
passing the legal ceilings on 
gifts to political campaigns. 

The report says the Demo- 
cratic total of such contribu- 
tions, known as “soft money." 
is almost double that raised by 
the Republican Party over the 
same time. 

And it denounces Mr. Clin- 
ton as the “king of the corrupt 
soft-money system," charging 
that he has failed to carry out 
his commitment to pass legisla- 
tion that would ban such big- 
moo ey donations after sending 
a bill to Congress last year. 

Fred Wertheimer, the presi- 
dent of Common Cause, said in 
an interview: “He said he would 
make this a priority, and be 
hasn't done it. He said he would 
fight for change, and he hasn’t 
done iL He said he would spend 
political capital to win this bat- 
tle, and he hasn’t done it” 

Mr. Wertheimer said he did 
not question Mr. Clinton’s in- 
tellectual support for the legis- 
lation to end big-money dona- 


tions to political parties. But on 
tiie issue at hand, using White 
House pressure to enact Mr. 
Clinton’s proposal, which has 
been stalled for seven months 
now in a House-Senate confer- 
ence, “the president seems to 
have lost his voice,” he said. 

“Bill Clinton proposed cam- 
paign-finance reform legisla- 
tion and is pushing for it," Da- 
vid W ilhelm, chairman of the 
Democratic National Commit- 
tee, said Tuesday. “Frankly, 
that’s contrary to his own polit- 
ical interests." 

Mr. Wilhelm, the advocate of 
more brown-bag fund-raising, 
said he still intended to reduce 
the Democrats* reliance on big- 
money events like Wednesday’s 
dinner. 

But Until campaign - finanne 

legislation is enacted, he said. 
“We have to play by the current 
system erf rules. To do anything 
else would be to unilaterally 
disarm politically.” 

Ginny Terzano, a spokes- 
woman for the White House, 
called Mr. Wertheimer’s accu- 
sations ’inappropriate” and 
wrong. “Just because it hasn’t 
passed in his first year and a 
half doesn’t mean it's not a pri- 
ority,” she said. “We don’t live 
in an ideal world. You can’t 
pass every legislative priority 
overnight.” 

Indred, Mr. Clinton raised 
the issue with both Democratic 
and Republican leaders as re- 
cently as last week, and House 
and Senate Democrats are 
meeting this week 10 discuss a 
compromise. 

It is also true, however, that 
Democratic backbone on the is- 
sue has weakened. The Demo- 
crats rammed a thoroughgoing 
overhaul of campaign-finance 
laws through Congress with few 
problems in 1992, largely be- 
cause they were certain that 
President George Bush would 
veto it. 

This time, with tbar own 
man in the White House and a 
real prospect that a bill will be- 
come law, that resolve is sud- 
denly less stiff. 


political notes* 


Clinton Rules Oil * Defeat * on Health Pare 

WASHINGTON — Despite a week of panicky pleas for 
compromise from Capitol Hill. President Bill Clinton said he 
would not “declare defeat” on the goal of guaranteeing < 
health insurance to every American. 

Mr. Clinton's pledge, in a speech to executives from the 
nation's biggest companies, appeared to have several political 
purposes, such as bucking up Democratic loyalists in the 
House, many of whom are going out on a political limb to -■ 
advance a universal coverage bill. 

It also signaled to the Senate, and particularly a very > 
divided Senate Finance Committee, that covering everyone is - 
a goal that will not be compromised. 

The president’s vow reflected the new effort by the admin- 
istration to present Mr. Clinton as a principled protector of ■ 
the middle class in the health care struggle. The administra- 
tion asserts that it is this group — not the poor or the rich — . 
that would be the primary beneficiary of guaranteed health . 
insurance, and thus the big loser if it is traded away. 

“We’re the only people that can’t figure out how to cover 
everybody." Mr. Clinton told the Business Roundtable on 
Tuesday. The business group rebuffed him in February by ; 
endorsing a rival health care plan that fell short of promising 
universal coverage. “I refuse to declare defeat." { NYTl 

Agency Head Weighs Nicotine Regulation ? 

^ ii 

WASHINGTON — Regulating nicotine levels in ciga- 
rettes could prevent the next generation of teen-agers from << 
getting hooked on tobacco, the head of the Food and Drug * 
Administration said Wednesday. » 

*‘I don’t think prohibition would work,” said the agency 
commissioner, David A. Kessler. The question, he said, is 
“how do we prevent the next generation of kids, if they're [ 
going to smoke, from getting hooked on nicotine.” 

“Are there ways to restrict access? Some have suggested 
restricting advertising, or we can look at the nicotine level.” 
he said on NBC. “We have made no decision yet." 

Dr. Kessler commented after the agency accused a major 
cigarette maker of misleading U.S. regulators about its secret 
development of tobacco containing double the usual amount 
of nicotine. (AP) 

Pole Warns Democrats of Partisan Fights 

WASHINGTON — Bob Dole, the Senate minority leader, ‘ 
warned Democrats that they may faced a “long hot summer” ‘ 
of partisan battles over major legislation unless they agreed 1 
to broader hearings on President Clinton’s involvement with 1 
the Whitewater affair. 

Mr. Dole's warning came as the Senate voted for a 1 0th 
time along straight party lines to reject Republican demands - 
to extend the scope of initial Whitewater hearings beyond the 
relatively narrow limits set by the Democrats. ( WP j "■ 

Ouotu/Unquote 

Emperor Akihito. talking to a youngster in Los Angeles. , 
“Are you enjoying school?” When told that summer vacation 
had started last week, the emperor remarked: “You are ; 
already on vacation? In Japan the school vacation is at the . 
end of July.” ( Reuters ) ; 


Away From Politics 

• A British woman whose boyfriend was slain in September 
1993 at a highway rest stop near Tallahassee, Florida, identi- 
fied one suspected gunman but failed to pick another from 
pohee lineups. Margaret Jaggcr picked Aundra Akins, 15. 
from six people, the suspect’s lawyer said. 

• Pbfice arrested seven suspects in die spray-painting of 14 
miles of a freeway in Long Beach, California, that resulted in 
more than 5100,000 in damage. More than 25.000 graffiti 
were made from May 13 to May 18 in a so-called tagging war 
between gangs that covered on-ramps, off-ramps and over- 
passes. 

• A coffisaon between an Air Force F-16D jet fighter and a C- . 
130 cargo plane in March in North Carolina, in which 23 ’ 
servicemen were killed and 100 injured, was caused mainly by 
the mistakes of an inexperienced air force air controller, a - 
formal investigation has found. 

• A nine-month investigation into Amtrak's deadliest accident, . 

a derailment in Alabama that killed 47 people, has ended with 
the National Transportation Safety Board divided over who -, 
was to blame. The board agreed that a tugboat pilot lost in the , ■ 
fog had pushed a barge into a railroad bridge, knocking tracks J . 
out of line minutes before the train arrived. ap. I at . 


hu0BctualJobs Plan BetdesIUfor Reform 


, : ^ jSyifason DeParle 

. ' 4 . -^TorkTmesSerdce 

/WA^aiNGTON —A cJose- 

- ly-waUied experimen t in which 
“ teeaaged mothers were s bow^ 

moving 

thm jitifta welfare into the job 
_ tnari^g&crardhig to a study. 

. Tbe st^r is-bcmg widely dis- 
ctiSsed ^ aiSeijg LWdfare experts, 

sbme of wEom beEeve it casts 

doubts ©ir' A central feature of 

thcJCIintwi administration’s 

welfare plan; (the derision .10 
. f ocus its trainiilg and work pro- 


. ■. Jf'v 

,.,1 


tha t the study, 
akKtg js’jtb previous research, 
pamtsA ^ portrait of such motb- 
. ersTnS-bcjng harder And more 
help than older 

- . rough it is ; to 

woric^wd^young mothers,” said 

Demonstration Rfr 

m designed 


Called -New 


in 10 states. But. after 18 
months, those who joined the 
program were no more likely to 
be off welfare or in a job than a 
<prril«f group that received no 
services. 

About 80 percent of the 
mothers from both groups, were 
still coOecting welfare, and only 
26 percent had worked in the 
last three months. 

President BiU Oin ton’s wel- 
fare proposal would expand 
training opportunities for wom- 
en on welfare but require those 
grin unemployed after two years 
to join a work program. 

To save money^ and. allow 
states time zo adapt, he wants to 
apply the new rules only to 
mothers bran after 1971. Mr. 
Clinton- seni the bfll to Con- 
gress on Tuesd^r. 

Melissa Skolfield, spokes- 
woman for- the Department of 
Health and Human Services, 
said the -bin focused on young 
mothers because they were 
“mpsi.at risk of long-term dc- 

?Taad^tkra, she said, the fo- 
cus on young mothers sends a 


dear signal to the next genera- 
tion, that “they should slay in 
school, delay pregnancy and 
postpone having chutiren.” 

Emphasizing that education 
is a long-term investment, Rob- 
ert Granger, the program’s di- 
rector, said it might take more 
than 18 months to measure the 
program’s effect on earnings. 
The mothers' earnings were in- 
creasing with time, he said. 

The New Chance program 
did help mothers gain high 
school equivalency diplomas. 
Thirty-seven percent of those in 
the program received the diplo- 
mas, compared with 21 percent 
of the mothers in a control 


DEATH NOTICE 

LLEWELLYN 
On June ltoi 1994 

peacefully a En£ Edward VTT Huipiial 
for Officers, timuon, Morion FeiRuscn 
LLcnefiyn, Enher nf David and 
faiher-in-Jaw of Lotna, jjranUpa nf 
Morton. Kate, Francesca and Andrew, 
peat grandbther of^ Thnres, Fopa 
- and Gecrgn. A dnrrani 



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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 




4 Savage , Messy 9 Deaths in Simpson Case 


The AvwouirJ Prea 

Bro^^ GELES - N ^ 
.JS5L *»&**'* neck was 

£? 1 u 0Ugh to hcr s P“»e and 
Ronald Goldman's ear was 

in the attack 
lhera ' according to 
Mj" 1 ®? “ coroner's office 
Who said their murderer had 
Snowed “no mercy.” 

Mr. Goldman was probably 
attacked first, from behind, 
,3?® ^entified source told 
-KABC-TV. He had a deep cut 
on the back of his head, slash 
wounds on his neck and more 
than 20 other knife wounds, 
indicating a fierce struggle, 
the source said, 

O.J. Simpson, the former 
professional football star who 
« accused of the June 12 kill- 
.mgs, has pleaded not guilty to 
murdering his Former wife 
■'and_ Mr. Goldman, her friend. 
He is being held without bail. 

In addition to her other 
wounds. Mrs. Simpson also 
.had a large gash on her head 
and had been stabbed several 
times in the chest, the source 
told KABC. “This was u bru- 
tal. savage, messy killing. It 
was a crime of anger and pas- 
sion and one that showed no 
mercy. It was ugly.” the 
source said. 

The murder weapon, be- 
lieved to be a 15-inch (40-cen- 
timeter j serrated knife, has 
not been found. 

Evidence in the case be- 
came the focus of a hearing on 
Wednesday. The defense was 
in court seeking access to ev- 
erything that the authorities 
have against Mr. Simpson, in- 
cluding a bloody ski mask that 
the prosecution said Wednes- 
day does not exist, contrary to 
news reports. 

The bearing began in open 
session, then the lawyers filed 
into the judge's chambers for 
a private conference. 

“I'll do anything to stay out 
of that cell," Mr. Simpson was 
overheard telling deputies in a 
conversation picked up by a 
microphone and broadcast on 
national television. “I'll sit 





TV- TV— 

OJ. Simpson listening to sheriff's deputies Wednesday during his court appearance. 


here and read.” He was taken 
out of the counroom until the 
hearing resumed. 

Robert Shapiro, Mr. Simp- 
son’s lawyer, asked to see the 
bloody ski mask that investi- 
gators were supposed to have 
found. “There is no ski mask.” 
the proaecuior. Deputy Dis- 
trict Attorney Marcia Clark, 
said. She said other evidence 
reports were still being com- 
piled and were not available. 

Judge Patti Jo McKay ruled 
that Mr. Shapiro’s experts 
could examine the coroner's 
evidence in the presence of 
countv medical examiners. 


The judge also allowed Mr. 
Simpson to have a cervical pil- 
low in his county jail cell, 
where he is in a special unit 
under suicide watch. 

Prosecutors were seeking a 
grand jury indictmeai of Mr. 
Simpson, sources said. That 
would allow the case to go 
directly to Superior Court for 
trial, rather than making pros- 
ecutors lay out their case in 
open court at a preliminary 
hearing. 

Mr. Simpson's alibi for the 
night of the killings, as earlier 
reported by his lawyer, has 
come under question. 


The caretaker at Mr. Simp- 
son’s estate, Kay to Kaelin. 
contradicted Mr. Simpson's 
claim that he w as at home 
waiting for a limousine to take 
him to the airport around the 
time of the killings. NBC 
News reported. 

Also, a woman said she saw 
Mr. Simpson, enraged, speed 
through streets a few blocks 
from Mrs. Simpson’s condo- 
minium, where she and Mr. 
Goldman were killed. Mr. 
Simpson yelled at a driver in 
his way. the woman told a 
television reporter. 


NATO: Russia Signs With Alliance 


Condoned front Page 1 

tell NATO what to do? Or be a 
true partner?" 

Mused another official. 
“We’ll soon see whether this is 
letting the fox into the hen- 
Jiouse” 

Such concerns reflect the un- 
settled state of post-Cold War 
NATO and the uncertainties in 
'accepting Russia as a potential 
ally. 

NATO's future security role, 
now that Moscow is no longer 
the official enemy, is ill-de- 
fined. It has resisted throwing 
its protective blanket over any 
of the former satellites or re- 
publics of the old Soviet Union, 
on the grounds that it would 
offend Russia and in any case 
be an expensive undertaking. 

Eventual membership for 
several East European states 
through the Partnership is de- 
scribed as inevitable, but no 
timetable or even criteria for 
entry into NATO is specified. 

Several former Soviet satel- 
lites that have signed up for the 
Partnership make no bones 
about their feeling that Russia 


is a potential danger. In partic- 
ular. Poland. Hungary, the 
Czech Republic and Slovakia 
are pressing for quick, full 
NATO membership — and 
protection against a resurgent 
Moscow. 

Russian officials oppose ex- 
pansion on the grounds it 
would lead to Russia’s isola- 
ion. It is this kind of assumed 
veto over NATO’s future that 
make some officials nervous. 

Mr. Kozyrev tried to soothe 
fears of Russian obstruction- 
ism. Russia, he said, stands by 
its choice of principle — the 
carrying out of national and 
state interests “through cooper- 
ation rather than confronta- 
tion" 

"This is not Yalta II,” he 
added, referring to the 1945 Al- 
lied arrangement that effective- 
ly put East Europe under Soviet 
control. 

He expressed Moscow’s hope 
that NATO would no longer be 
an alliance aimed at Russia. 

U.S. officials expect that, 
over time. Russian opposition 
lo NATO expansion will dissi- 
pate. 


Yeltsin to Meet 
Clinton in U.S. 

Return 

BRUSSELS — President Bo- 
ris N. Yeltsin has accepted 
President Bill Clinton's invita- 
tion to meet in the United 
States this fall. U.S. and Rus- 
sian officials said Wednesday. 

Official word of Mr. Yeltsin s 
acceptance came from Foreign 
Minister Andrei V. Kozyrev 
and Secretary of State Warren 
M. Christopher after talks in 
Brussels, following Russia's 
signing of the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization’s Partner- 
ship for Peace program. U.S. 
officials said no specific days 
were specified. 

“We are very pleaded that 
President Yeltsin accepted 
President Clinton's invitation 
to visit the United States in Sep- 
tember.'* Mr. Christopher said 
at a news conference. 

White House officials Tues- 
day said that Mr. Clinton 
would talk with Mr. Yeltsin in 
Naples on July 10 during the G- 
7 summit meeting and would 
probably announcr the date of 
their U.S. talks. 


BALKANS: Diplomats Fear All-Out War in Balkans 


Continued from Page 1 

hours in talks with the Croatian 
Serbs over the issue of the re- 
porters. 

The mediators say there is 
nothing more they can do until 
there is some change in attitude 
r by the hard-line Croatian Serbs 
who, as one diplomat conclud- 
ed, "simply are not interested in 
negotiations.” 

As a result. U.S. and other 
diplomats are no longer in a 
position to offer President 
Franjo Tudjman the hope of 
peaceful negotiations as an al- 
ternative to his long-threatened 
war option. They are just warn- 
ing him that the consequences 
could be a lot worse than the 
status quo for his partly occu- 
pied nation. 


The attitude of Bosnia’s war- 
ring Serbian and Muslim fac- 
tions toward negotiations is not 
much different from the Cro- 
atian Serbs. 

What will probably be a last 
attempt for many months by 
the international community to 
mediate the Bosnian conflict is 
about to be played out the first 
two days of July in Geneva. 
There, the foreign ministers of 
Western Europe, the United 
States and Russia will gather to 
approve a theoretical plan. 

It consists of a map drawn up 
by their own envoys for the par- 
tition of Bosnia on a 51-49 per- 
cent basis between the newly 
formed Muslim-Croat federa- 
tion and the Serbs’ self-declared 
Serbian Republic. 


The map. published Monday 
in the Belgrade weekly Vreme. 
would require the Bosnian 
Serbs to hand back more than 
20 percent of the land they 
seized at the outset of the war 
26 months ago. mostly in east- 
ern and northern Bosnia. 

Most contentious, they 
would have to return to the 
Muslims a lot of territory 
around the three Serbian- be- 
sieged Muslim enclaves in east- 
ern Bosnia — Srebrenica. Gor- 
azdt and Zepa — and they have 
to return to the Croats a broad 
swath of land known as Posa- 
vina in the north. 

The latter proposal, if earned 
out. would virtually sever a cor- 
ridor connecting Serbian-heid 
lands in northeast and north- 
west Bosnia. 


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in 



By Tom Buerkle 

Iruemaioml Herat J Tntmne 

BRUSSELS — Prime Minis- 
ter Jean -Luc Dehaene of Bel- 
gium appeared certain to be- 
come the next president of the 
European Commission on 
Wednesday after leaders of Eu- 
rope’s Christian Democratic 
parties effectively called on 
Ruud Lubbers, the Dutch 
prime minister and his chief op- 
ponent. to withdraw. 

The party chiefs, who includ- 
ed Mr. Dehaene, Mr. Lubbers 
and Chancellor Helmut Kohl of 
Germany, did not formally en- 
dorse a candidate at a meeting 
here. But they agreed that the 
post should go to whoever wins 
support from a majority of Eu- 
ropean Union leaders at a sum- 
mit meeting in Corfu, Greece, 
on Friday and Saturday, ac- 
cording to Wilfried Martens, 
president of the Christian Dem- 
ocratic grouping. 


“Mr. Lubbers and Mr. De- 
haene arc very aware that there 
has to be a very democratic de- 
liberation and discussion" 
among the 12 leaders at Corfu, 
Mr. Martens said at a news con- 
ference after the party leaders 
gathered. “The candidate in the 
minority," he added, “wfl] wilt 
draw his candidacy” . , . 

That wouki appear to be Mr. 
Lubbers, who so far can consid- 
er only his own vore a sure 
thing. In contrast. Me. Dehaene 
appears to be the favorite of as 
many as eight of the E(J lead- 
ers, most notably Mr. Kohl and 
President Francois Mitterrand 
of France. 

The winner will take over the 
EU executive agency on Jan. 5, 
after the 10-year reign of Jac- 
ques Dclors of France. 

Leaving the meeting, Mr. 
Lubbers said he was still very 
much in tbe race and expressed 
relief that Mr. Kohl had not 
opposed his candidacy on per- 


sonal grounds. Officials in 
Bonn have suggested that Mr. 
Lubbers's tepid support for 
German reunification prompt- 
ed Mr. Kohl to abandon him 
earlier this year, when he was. 
stBl the front-runner, and pro- 
mote Mr. Dehaene instead. 

But the Dutch prime minister 
said he had not won any new 
supporters at the meeting and 
would not block other candi- 
dates, sayiqg, “We don't need 
such a veto." 

Tbe outcome appeared to 
avert the prospect of a rift with- 
in the. Christian Democratic 
group and save Union leaders 
from an embarrassing deadlock 
on the main item on their agen- 
da this weekend. Even Mr. Gib- 
bers sounded a lighthearted 
note afterward. “1 teased De- 
haene a bit by saying, 'You’re 
so good, you should stay in Bel- 
gium.’ ’’ 

Mr. Martens cautioned that a 
decision was not guaranteed at- 


(he weekend. NoLber 
bers no* Mr- De ^fwtdn^ 

would have to be b ' tf 

them, Mr. Martens said. BuLtwf 

added, “I think that the 
meets would accept a ' 

jus of the majority” at Corf^ 

Mr. Kohl made clear thath t 

would call a s P ecl ^__:».i e \\ 
meeting as soon as posjWe « 
the leaders Tailed to maxe a de- 
rision this wedeend. Mr Mar 
tens said that meant before W 

20, wben the new Europe*? 
Parliament holds its first ses 
sion; _ 

Chinese Aide to^ Visit Rusew 





and Estonia from June 2/ to 
July 2. 


Traders Aren’t Impressed by U.S. Threats 


Arafat Visit 
To Jericho 
Set for July 

.-JgciiiY France- Prc «*■ 

JERICHO, West Bank — 
Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian 
leader, who was expected here 
by the end of June, will not be 
coming before the middle of 
July, a senior Palestinian offi- 
cial. Colond Jibril Rajub, said 
Wednesday. 

The colonel is head of securi- 
ty in the new Palestinian self- 
rule enclave of Jericho. 

“International donors are 
late in sending us the aid to 
start building our infrastruc- 
ture," Colonel Rajub added, 
saying this was the major rea- 
son for the delay. 

The donors have pledged S42 
million to help start Palestinian 
autonomy processes. This was 
to be followed soon after by $90 
million, part of a total of $720 
million for the rest of the year. 

Colonel Rajub said political 
factors such as Palestinian pris- 
oners and Israeli security ar- 
rangements at checkpoints con- 
tributed to the Arafat delay. 

On Monday. Israeli soldiers 
stopped the chief Palestinian 
negotiator, Nabii Shaath, at 
checkpoints twice during a visit 
to Jericho. He was only let 
through one of them after inter- 
ventioD by the Israeli deputy 
chief of staff. Amnon Shahak. 

“After my visit to Jericho and 
what J nave seen thereof Israeli 
violations, there is a chance that 
Arafat will delay his arrival,” 
Mr. Shaath told the paper Ai 
Quds. 

“! would not want him to see 
what I have seen of military 
barriers and of obstacles ro 
tourism. We must first solve 
these problems." 


By Carl Gewirtz 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Washington’s threat Wednes- 
day to or ganize coordinated intervention 
on world currency markets to bolster the 
dollar failed to impress traders for apod 
reason: Intervention alone, analysts 
agreed, will at best have only a limited 
effect in current market conditions. 

That’s because tbe dollar is not under 
attack by speculators, but rather suffering 
from a lack of confidence that has inter- 
rupted the Dow of international capital 
movements — particularly out of Japan. 

Intervention is most effective wben 
speculation is rampant. Speculators are 
nervous sellers — holding soon dollar po- 
sitions — who are eager to grab a profit 
and move out. It is that nervousness and 
preparedness to run that makes interven- 
tion so effective. 

“Depending on whom you talk to, there 
are widely differing views about whether 
there are big dollar shorts in the market," 
said Ian A mstad of Bankers Trust in Lon- 
don. u i tend to the view that there are not.” 

The dollar’s weakness is widely per- 
ceived to be more fundamental — a mis- 
match of supply and demand. The over- 
supply is a $400 million daily outflow from 
the United States to the rest of the world 
via its trade deficit. Normally, this would 
be offset by a capital inflow from foreign 
investors as interest rates in the trade sur- 
plus countries are lower and therefore less 
attractive than returns available in the 
United States. 

But such capital inflows have virtually 
ceased. Foreign investors have been trau- 
matized by the unrelenting sell-off in the 
U.S. bond market, leaving them unwilling 
to commit new funds until prices have stabi- 


lized. For tbe Japanese, the trauma is even 
more severe as a steady appreciation of the 
yen has more than wiped out gains even 
when prices on tbe underlying U-S. assets 
were rising. S tabilizin g the dollar is essential 
to goring capital flows moving out of Ja- 
pan. 

Intervention with the threat of policy 
change would be more of a threat. But the 
prevailing belief in financial markets is 
that neither tbe United States nor its allies 
are prepared to move interest rates because 
such changes are not justified by domestic 
economic conditions. 

This is where tbe experts think market 
operators are wrong. Analysts at both J.P. . 
Morgan and Salomon Brothers in New 
York believe that the IK percentage poihf ' 
increase in short-term U.S. interest rates 
since early February has succeeded tit - 
slowing the robust rate of growth recorded ' 
in the final quarter of last year and the firs! 
three months of this year. 

"U.S. growth is likely to stay robust and 
is expanding fast enough tojustify another 
increase in U.S. interest rates." said John 
Upsky of Salomon Brothers. 

Morgan analysts go so far as to say that 
the next hike in U.S. rales, expected before 
mid-July, will not be the final nudge from 
an accommodative to a neutral policy by 
the Federal Reserve Board, but rather the 
first of a new series of tightenings that will 
take the cost of overnight money from its 
current 414 percent to 5 percent by year- 
end. 

Likewise these analysts and many in Ger- 
many, including Ulrich Beckmann'at Deut- 
sche Bank, believe that market operators 
have misjudged the Bundesbank and insist 
that interest rates will decline further. 


DOIJLAR: 

Markets Take the Dare 

. Continued from Page I 

which be found “as bright as it has been in 
decades.” 

Financial markets hung on his every' 
word for a hint of whether the Fed might 
raise interest rates at its next meeting on 
July 5 to help support the dollar, but he 
said virtually nothmg. »• 

Obviously aware of tbe Treasury's plans, 
Mr. Greenspan prefaced his prepared testi- 
mony with a brief statement , replying to a 
planted question on the dollar from the 
committee chairman. Representative Mar- 
tin O. Sabo, Democrat of Minnesota. 

• The Fed chairman -said: “Foreign ex- 
change markets have been, the focus of 
considerable attention in recent days. I do 
not intend to discuss these developments 
in my testimony this motnin^. However, I 
thought it would be appropriate to inform 
the committee that Secretary Bentsen and I 
have been following ^developments very 
closely because we cannot be indifferent to 
major movements in our: currency.” - 


“The Clinton administration’s goal.'' 
Mr. Lipsky observed, “is not to push the 
dollar higher but rather to assure markets 
that a substantial further decline is neither 
justified nor warranted: The aim is to re- 
duce investor fears about such a decline. 

“In that case, .intervention backed up 
with likely changes in interest rateashould. 
be successful.” 


ISLAND: Debate on Mandela’s Jail RWANDA: VN Racks Troop Role 


CoatiBaed from Page I 

it will be turned into some crass 
commercial venture. Sol 
Kerzner. developer of the Sun 
City resort north of Johannes- 
burg, expressed interest in 
building a casino. Prison offi- 
cials said he was turned down. 

Tours now touch only briefly 
on what made the island fam- 
ous. Security concerns preclude 
visitors from seeing the insides 
of the two prisons or Mr. Man- 
dela’s tiny cell. The sandy road 
chat leads to the limestone 
quarry where political prisoners 
labored under the glaring sun 
— and surreptitiously spirited 
messages to each other — can- 
not accommodate tour buses. 

Tbe island has no exhibits 
showing the daily life of tbe 
prisoners. Until a few years ago, 

I ’aflets segregated the prisoners 
>y race and maintained a rigid 
racial caste system. 

White inmates were given 
seven ounces of meat, 16 ounces 
of vegetables and two cups of 
coffee a day. according to re- 
cords gathered by the Mayi- 


Aden Death Toll 
In Shelling Is Put 
At 200 for Week 

Reuters 

ADEN, Yemen — Southern 
Yemen said Wednesday that a 
bombardment of Aden by be- 
sieging northern forces had 
killed 200 people and wounded 
700 others in less than a week. 

Artillery duels between rival 
Yemeni armies sent clouds of 
smoke rising above a desert bat- 
tlefield near Aden, and the 
South said its troops had 
knocked out 20 northern tanks 
and shot down a MiG-21 war- 
plane during the day. 

A lull in the firing eariy 
Wednesday evening brought a 
respite to the southern strong- 
hold. South Yemen seceded on 
May 21 from a four-year-old 
union of the North and the 

South. 

“Two hundred people have 
been killed and about 700 in- 
jured in the last five days,” said 
Abdel Rahman Jifri. the vice 
president of the southern state. 
Earlier figures given by south- 
ern officials put the death toll in 
northern barrages at more than 
100, mostly in civilian areas of a 
city whose population is esti- 
mated to nave grown from 
350.000 to more than 400.000 
because of an influx of refugees. 

“They are trying hard to push 
our forces back to Aden.” Mr. 
Jifri said. “They have tried 12 
times since Friday.’’ 


buye Center. But black prison- 
ers only got five ounces of meat 
and one cup of coffee. 

For years, tbe black prisoners 
were denied sweaters and long 
pants despite the cold, rainy 
winters here. 

Still, prisoners were able to 
scratch out a semblance of nor- 
mal life. They even organized a 
rugby league. “In the early ’60s 
life was very, very harsh on the 
island,” Ms. Siebritz said. “But 
in the ’70s after protests from 
the prisoners, things loosened 
up.” 

Henry Fazzi, 70, wants to see 
a museum on tbe island. He is a 
former commander in the mili- 
tary wing of tbe African Na- 
tional Congress. Spear of the 
Nation, and was imprisoned on 
the island for 20 years. 

“The island is important not 
only to us in South Africa, but 
for everybody in the world,” be 
said. “I was in America in 1991. 
I went everywhere from the 
South to the North, and every- 
body knew about Robben Is- 
land.” 


Confined from Page l 

ing to seize tbe lead or commit 
the 5,500 troops needed for a 
previously authorized peace- 
keeping operation under Unit- 
ed Nations command. 

Secretary-General Butros 
Butros Gfaali reported this week 
that only Ethiopia has commit- 
ted a fully equipped unit to the 
UN force. 

As a result, nations have bad 
to accept Die French operation 
by default since it was, as the 
Djibouti delegate, Roble Ol- 
haye, said, the “only viable al- 
ternative. ‘ 

“The rest of humanity proba- 
bly feds at tips point that any- 
thing we do would be better 
than what is happening now," 
Mr. Olhaye said. 

The Security Council's man- 
date calls for tbe French opera- 
tion to stay in Rwanda for two 
months, until the UN peace- 
keeping force can be formed 

Mr. Butros Gfaaii said it 
would take three months to fill 
out tbe UN force, but Paris in- 
sisted on a shorter time to as- 


suage fears at home that its sol- 
diers could get bogged down. 

The CoondJ's resolution al- 
lows the French mission to use 
“all necessary means” to pro- 
tect Rwandan civilians, but in- 
sists on a “strictly humanitar- 
ian,” impartial and neutral 
operation. that will not interfere 
in the fighting between the re- 
bels and the government forces. 

Prime Minister Edouard Bal- 
ladur (old the National Assem- 
bly in Paris that the French 
troops would not cany but any 
operations deep into Rwandan 
territory and would avoid force. 

The French forces will be 
commanded by Brigadier Gen- 
eral Jean-Claude Lafouicade, 
51/ who heads the Illh Para- 
troop Division. 

The Security Council vote 
split the African nations: Dji- 
bouti and Rwanda, which hap- 
pens to have a Council seat this 
year, voted in favor while Nige- 
ria, which was never in : the 
French colonial domain, ab- 
stained. .Other abstentions 
came from Brazil. China, New 
Zealand and P akistan 


EUROPEAN 

TOPICS 


A Nuclear Controversy 
With Culture Mixed In 

What to do with an un- 
wanted nuclear reactor? 

In the Swiss town of Lu- 
cens, 30 kilometers (20 miles) 
northeast of Lausanne, an ex- 
perimental power plant, 
closed after an accident 25 
years ago, is being turned into 
a cultural center. But nuclear 
controversies have a long 
half-life, and even this move 
has brought rancor. 

The government has grmrt' 
ed a credit of 10 million Swiss 
francs ($7.4 million) for the 
purchase and conversion of 
the site. ' 

But ecologists contested 
the plan and its cost, de- 
manding a rite study by a 
neutral expert to ensure that 
the denuclearization process 
is complete. 

At Wackcrsdorf, Germany, 
nine companies have moved 
into facilities on tbe rile of 
what was to be a huge nuclear 
reactor — canceled in 1989 
amid huge and sometimes 
bloody protest. 

Tbe imposing walls, ditch- 
es and barbed-wire fences 
surrounding the 134-hectare 
(330-acre) site have been 
pulled down or filled. in. 


Companies, led by BMW, 
have created 792 jobs on the 
site; Bavarian officials prom 1 
ise a total of 3 ,000 by the year 
1999. 

Most of tbe psychological 
wounds over the bitter strug- 
gle have healed, according to 
Die WelL But a small group 
of opponents still meet- every 
other weekend to relive their 
battles. 

Around Europe 

Enootvaged by die French 
example, a Polish Academy 
of Science commission is 
drafting a law “on the official 
language and its protection.” 

In Communist times, many' 
people had not even heard 
some of the English words 
that now seem everywhere: 
there arc “shops,” “markets," 
and “butiks"; ads for 
“schools,”, car “dealers” and 
telephone “sex-lines” fill the 
newspapers. And now Poles 

use such words with a sense 
of freedom. 

Unlike the French law, the 
Polish Academy draft would 
not ban foreign words. Aca- 
demicians say their primary 
concern is with preserving 
“die culture" of tbe language, 
which they see being badly 
eroded. 

A French vintner with a 
taste for experimentation has 
just pulled 120 bottles of 
white wine out of the Atlantic 


coast oyster bed where they 
have been reposing for four 
years. And a jury of wine ex- 
perts has declared the Pouillv 
Fume, Touraine Blanc and 
COteau du Layon that they 
tasted to have developed “an 
interesting roundness” com- 
pared to similar wine aged in 
cellars. The vintner, Guy Sa- 
get, of Pouilly-sur- Loire, 
wanted to study the effects of 
the natural darkness, the con- 
stant temperature of 10 to 12 
degrees centigrade, and the 
rolling motion caused by 
waves and tides. He was in- 
spired, according to Libera- 
tion, by the finding that bot- 
tles of Montbazillac 
discovered after three centu- 
ries in a ship sunk off the 
coast of Amsterdam had de- 
veloped a particularly deli- 
cate taste: 


A Lutheran church in Ham- 
bwg offers easy payment 

£ l X. J S? ad * pfadn e cash 

SJ^v? UeCUOn baske! on 
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KOREA: Clinton Reports Success 

Cootioned from Ps^e 1 


week to North Korea, where he 
met President Kim II sung, 
sketching out the contours of 
the deal Mr. Clinton confirmed. 

President Ctinton said he was 
grateful for Mr. Carter’s initia- 
tive. 

Of the new arrangement. Mr. 
Clinton said, “We welcome this 
very positive development” 
which he said “marks a new 
opportunity to find a solution.” 

In the weeks leading up to the 
announcement Wednesday, the 
United States had been trying 
to coax the North Koreans into 
compliance with the Nuclear 
Nonproliferation Treaty. Fail- 
ing that, the United States had 
mounted an effort to win sanc- 
tions in the United Nations, a 
step the North Koreans said 
would be an act of war if carried 
out. 

Earlier Wednesday, the Unit- 
ed States and Russia succeeded 
in Brussels in smoothing major 
differences over die North Ko- 
rean nuclear dispute. 

Under an agreement reached 
here, the United States accept- 
ed a Russian call for an interna- 
tional conference on Korea 
during a 30-day pause before 
any new effort was made to vote 
United Nations sanctions 
against North Korea. 

If at the end of the period. 
North Korea stiD refused to al- 
low UN monitors, to inspect its 
nuclear facilities, the Russians 
would support a rapid move to- 
- ward sanctions. 

Foreign Minister Andrei V. 
Kozyrev of Russia said the 
North Koreans should be al- 
lowed time to meet their “inter- 
national obligations." If at the 
end they faQ, sanctions will be 
sought with Moscow’s backing 
Mr. Kozyrev was dearly not 
eager to see sanctions, calling 
them “an extreme measure.” 

Speaking at a joint news con- 
ference with Secretary of State 
Warren ML Christopher, he said 
a conference should be held 
within the 30-day period to 
“open the door” for Pyongyang 
to “take positive steps.” 

“Sanctions are unavoidable 
after 30 days; North Korea 
must use these 30 days to avoid 
sanctions,” he said, adding: 
“We should show quite clearly 
that, sanctions are inevitable if 
North Korea does not take pos- 
itive steps.” 

Mr. Christopher said Wash- 
ington and Moscow had agreed 
to act promptly, but he added 
that no deadline had been set 
and that China, Japan and 
South Korea would be consult- 
ed ahead of a sanctions dera- 
tion. 

He listed four requirements 
of -Pyongyang. .. . . „ .... 

, • It should not refuel its mi-, 
dear reactors. : 

• It should not reprocess its 
unclear materials. 

• It should allow internation- 
al inspectors to remain in North 
Korea. 

• It should meet all its Inter- 
national Atomic Energy Agen- 
cy obligations. 

Mr. Kozyrev said the U.S. 
and Russian positions on North 
Korea had moved closer. “They 
coincide almost entirely on 
most aspects,” he added. "I 
think our representatives in 
New^ York will reach agreement 
very soon." 

Earlier this month, Russia 
and the United! States arrived at 
a similar deal, bat a misunder- 
standing developed Moscow 


thought' the United States had 
agreed to an international con- 
ference before a sanctions reso- 
lution would be introduced. 

The United States interpret- 
ed its commitment as one “in 
principle." Mr. Kozyrev ex- 
pressed dismay when the Amer- 
icans began circulating a sanc- 
tions resolution in the Security 
Council that did not contain 
provisions for a conference. 

The latest meeting appeared 
to have put Moscow and Wash- 
ington on the same trade 

North Korea agreed to hold 
talks next week to prepare for 
the first summit meeting ever 
between the presidents of the 
two Koreas, a move haded as a 
positive sign for easing nuclear 
tensions. 

The North Korean prime 
minister, Kang Song San, sent a 
message to his Smith Korean 
counterpart, Lee Yung Dug. 
saying the North would accept 
a proposal to hold preparatory 
talks at the border village of 

Panmunjom on June 28. 

Radio Pyongyang, moni- 
tored in Tokyo, confirmed that 
the North had agreed. 

A Seoul government spokes- 
man called the North’s re- 
sponse a “positive sign.” 

“We had been a little bit 
skeptical of North Korea’s in- 
tentions,” he said. “Judging 
from the North’s quick and sin- 
cere response to our offer, the 
North seems to be truly inter- 
ested in the summit” 

Foreign Minister Han Sung 
Joo said at a news conference 
that prospects for a summit 
meeting were better than ever, 
and that the summit meeting 
and a new round of North Ko- 
rean-U.S. talks should be held 
as soon as possible. 




’x&szs-r? 



Jakarta’s Blow to a Free Press 

Magazine Closings and Warnings Create Chill 


By Philip Shenon 

fimes Service 


>'»• York 

SINGAPORE — An era of relative political 
openness and press freedom in Indonesia ap- 
peared to end this week as the government of 
President Suharto shut down three influential 
magazines, including the nation’s most promi- 
nent newsweekly, and warned other publications 
that they could soon share a similar fate. 

Diplomats and human rights activists said that 
the dosing of the magazines was the most serious 
blow to freedom of speech in that vast archipela- 
go nation in decades and would barm the inter- 
national standing of the Suharto government at a 
time when it seemed to be otherwise improving. 

The publications dosed by the government 
were Tempo, which began publication in 197! 
and had been considered the nation’s preeminent 
newsmagazine; DeTik, a year-old ma gazin e 
praised by readers for its daring investigative 
reporting, and Editor, another newsweekly. They 
were notified late Tuesday that tbetr publication 
licenses had been revoked by the government. 

Fikri Jufri, editor in chief of Tempo, said in a 
telephone interview from his offices in Jakarta, 
the Indonesian capital, that there was no hope 
for resurrecting the publication — “at least not 
in this regime.” 

“The press will now lay low.” he said. 

In their willingness to challenge the govern- 
ment. the three publications had no rival among 
Indonesia’s daily newspapers, which are far more 
timid in their coverage. News broadcasts on 
Indonesian television and radio have traditional- 
ly been subjected to tight government control. 

The Information Ministry said Tuesday that it 


had closed Tempo after the magazine, which had! 
a circulation of about 190,000, failed to heed! 
several warnings over its news coverage. The- 
director of the ministry’s press department was- 
quoted as saying that recent articles in Tempo! 
“haven’t reflected the life of a sound press, a free, 
and responsible press.” 

The ministry said the other two publications’ 
were being shut down for “administrative" rea-! 
sons involving their alleged failure to operate- 
according to terms of their publishing licenses. 1 

The shutdown of the three magazines ap-i 
peered to offer new evidence of the growing, 
influence of the technology minister. B. J. Habi- 
bie, a dose friend of Mr. Suharto’s and a possible 
successor. He has been the subject of unflattering 
scrutiny in Tempo and elsewhere after he ar- 
ranged the purchase of 39 ships from the former. 
East Germany Navy. The purchase had been 
opposed by senior officers of the Indonesian 
Navy. 

DeTik began publishing in February 1993. 
and it aroused the anger of the government over 
a series of recent stories implicating senior offi- 
cials and friends of Mr. Suharto’s m a banking 
scandal. 

Juwono Sudarsono, a professor of political 
science at the University of Indonesia, said he 
believed that other news organizations in Indo- 
nesia would lake heed of the government’s warn- 
ing and “tone down” their reporting on the sort 
of stories that had been championed by Tempo, 
DeTik and Editor. 

“The style and openness of some of the recent 
reporting had been startling, certainly for people 
of the president’s generation,” he said. 


(AFP , Reuters) North Koreans striding at the Panmunjom Demilitarized Zone. 


Jeff U’uiencr'Thr •\i5.vukxl Pro 


China’s Border Porous for North Korea 


By Rone Tempest 

Los Angela Tones Service 

TUMEN, China — On the 
rtimrae side of the border, a 
convoy of seven North Korean 
flatbed trucks, sa gging under 
several tons of Chinese rice, 
rumbled under an ornamental 
gate on their way across the 
Tumen River to North Korea. 

Less than a kilometer away, 
beside the snow-fed river, a 
North Korean steam engine 
whistled impatiently as it wait- 
ed to receive the vital rice and 
transport it to the hungry interi- 
or. 

. . c North JKorea is an economi- 
cally strapped nation where 
food is stnctly rationed and 


Jimmy Carter’s visit. But if they 
ever materialize. North Korea 
would rely even more heavily 
on its main link to the outside 
— the corridor of northeast 
China along the Tumen River 
whdre North Korea. C hina and 
Russia meet. 

More than 40 percent of 
North Korea’s S736 million in 
trade with China — its main 
lifeline for grain, other food and 
fuel — passes through this re- 
mote area that is home to most 
of China's ethnic Koreans. 

For any UN sanctions to suc- 
ceed, this border would hare to 
be sealed. But those who know 
the area say tis would be diffi- 
cult to achieve, if not impossi- 


jump from $80 milli on in 1991 would depend upon Chinese 
to more than $300 million last enforcement along this border. 

year. About 22 North Korean From 1970 to 1982. the Chi- . . - ^ 

companies operate small joint- nese government officially caused pain to the Chinese peo- 
venture businesses, mostly ho- closed its border with North Foreign Minister Koji Ka- 


Japan Concedes 
It Used Chinese 
In Forced Labor 

The Associated Pros 

TOKYO (AP) — Japan ac- 
knowledged for the first tim<» 
Wednesday that it had forced 
tens of thousands of Chinese to 
work in Japan under brutal 
conditions in World War IL 
Although the existence of the 
forced labor program was wide- 
ly known, the Foreign Ministry 
had refused to accept it, main- 
taining that documents with ev- 
idence were burned. 

“It is regrettable that 


it 


where the patriotic goal, still hie, for several reasons: 


unrealized, is two meals a day 
for all citizens. 

American reporters granted a 
rare visit to the Chinese-North 
Korean border here in Jilin 
Province watched a steady flow 
of goods being transported be- 
tween Tumen. one of seven bor- 
der-crossing points in the prov- 
ince, and the Korean town. 

Local officials said the trade 
increased in recent months as 
the threat of United Nations 
economic sanctions against 
North Korea mounted because 
of a suspected nuclear weapons 
program. 

The prospect of such sanc- 
tions seemed to recede ova- the 
weekend after former President 


• Security along the 500-kilo- 
meter (3 10-mile) border in Jilin 
Province is minimal and smug- 
gling is common. Few expect 
the Chinese government to en- 
force sanctions even if ap- 
proved by the United Nations. 

• Since 1982, when the bor- 
der reopened after a 12-year 
break in friendly relations dur- 
ing China’s Cultural Revolu- 
tion, trade with North Korea 
has become one of the most 
important factors in the region- 
al economy. 

Sun Jinho, deputy director of 
foreign trade for the Yanbian 
Autonomous Prefecture, said 
the biggest increase in trade has 
come in the last two years — a 


ids and restaurants, on the Chi- 
nese side. 

• Ethnic and language ties 
among Koreans 00 both sides 
of the border are likely to sub- 
vert any attempt to carry out 
sanctions intended to punish 
North Korea for its defiant 
stand on nuclear programs. 

Chinese Koreans rallied in 
great numbers to fight along- 
side their neighbors and rela- 
tives during the Korean War 
against American-led UN 
forces. Monuments to soldiers 
killed in the conflict line both 
banks of the Tumen River. 

The nearly one million Chi- 
nese Koreans who live in the 
Tumen valley would probably 
resist any foreign efforts to 
dose the border. 

“More than 40 percent of our 
population is ethnic Korean, 
Mr. Sun said. “They share the 
same habits, language and life- 
style with the people across the 
border in the Democratic Peo- 
ple’s Republic of Korea." 

If the sanctions proposal ever 
does come to a vote before the 
United Nations Security Coun- 
cil, China is expected to ab- 
stain. But even if the sanctions 
are approved, their success 


Korea, both because of the ex- 
cesses of the Cultural Revolu- 
tion and also because North 
Korea had taken the Soviet side 
in a Chinese-Soviet ideological 
dispute. 

But even then, the closing 
had little effect on the Korean 
population. When the political 
persecution of the Cultural 
Revolution became too intense, 
the Koreans simply crossed 
over to the “motherland." 


kizawa told a committee of Par- 
liament in acknowled ging the 
forced labor. 

Japan invaded China in 1 93 1 . 
occupying large sections of the 
country until its defeat in 1945. 

Japan’s admission followed a 
Foreign Ministry investigation 
begun last year when a Chinese 
resident of Tokyo, Chen Kung- 
wang, publicized documents 
given to him by a Foreign Min- 
istry official. 


International 

Classified 

Marketplace 

• Monday 

Intematkmal Conferences and Seminars 

• Tuesday 
Education Directory 

• Wednesday 

Business Message Center 

• Thursday 

International Recruitment 

• Friday 

Real Estate Marketplace, HoTidays and Travel 

• Saturday 

Arts and Antiques 

Pius over 300 headings in international Classified 
Monday through Saturday 

For further information, contact Philip Oma in Paris: 
Tel: (33-1) 46 37 9474 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 
ornwunmuM 


Socialists Want to Get Back In With Hata 


The Associated Press 

TOKYO — A key Japanese 
opposition party said Wednes- 
day it was ready to form a hew 
amance with Prime Minister 
Tsutomu Hata’s coalition, a po- 
tential rescue of Mr. Hata as he 
appeared in danger of losing a 
no-confidence vote. 

The decision by the Social' 
Democratic Party makes it less 
r, that Japan will have a 


over Japan's most critical for- 
eign policy issue: how to deal 
with North Korea’s nuclear 
program. 

The Social jDemocrats, the 
second-largest party in Japan, 
quit Mr. Hata’s coalition hours 
after he became prime minister 
cm April 25. That move made 
the government Japan’s first in 
39 years without a majority. 

Until Wednesday, Socialist 


prime minister either to resign 
or call elections. 

But on Wednesday, after 
talks between Socialist leaders 
and Mr. Hala’s allies, the secre- 


bas taken a tough line on North 
Korea’s suspected nuclear 
weapons' program, calling on 
Japan to be ready for sanctions 
and proposing that Japanese 


tary-general of the Social Dem- ' forces join any United Nation 
ocrats, W ataru Kubo, said his military mission that might be 


er at the. summit' leaders had hinte d they would 
meeting of the Group of Seven join with the conservative Lib- 
leading industrial democracies 
next month. But it could pro- 
duce a government badly split 


eral Democrats to approve a 
no-confidence motion a^inst 
Mr. Hata. That would force the 


party hoped to join a coalition 
that “includes this govern- 
ment” 

“We must build a new coali- 
tion government with a stable 
foundation,” he said. 

Talks were to continue 
Thursday, but they could falter 
over policy disagreements. The 
main ideologist behind Mr. Ha- 
ta’s government, Ichiro Ozawa, 


sent to the Korean Peninsula. 

The Socialists have said that 
that the problem should be re-, 
solved through talks. Bui Mr. 
Ozawa said at a news confer- 
ence on Wednesday that he 
would not insist on getting his 
way. 

“If everyone can agree. “Let’s 
do it like this.' then that ought 
to be O.K.,” he said. 


CROSSWORD 


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33 "You there!" 

34 Relief pitcher’s 
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35 Hot time . 

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40 tehees piece 

41 N.Y.C. cultural 
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.© New York Times Edited fry Will Shnnz. 



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Page 6 


THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 

O PI N I O N 


Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 



Sribune R uss ' a and Neighbors: For the Cold War to Stay 


Published with tiir new york iimu and tiif. it.vsliiNiiTnis nwr 

Censorship by Terror 


.. J5- e dj Sa Ppearance in Bangladesh of 
toe dissident writer Taslima Nasrin, driv- 
en into hiding with a price on her head 
auer being accused of blaspheming Is- 
lam, marks the growing use of this perni- 
cious way of suppressing freedom of ex- 
pression. The most celebrated previous 
^rget of this kind of treatment is Saimaa 
Rushdie, who remains in hiding under 
assassination order of the Iranian govern- 
ment, but the problem is larger than Mr. 
Kusndie — or Ms. Nasrin, for that mat- 
ter. It goes to the crux of the struggle 
being waged over the role of dissent and 
disagreement in modern-day Islam, both 
from within the religion and from Lhose, 
uke Ms. Nasrin, who say they are not 
believers but who live in countries where 
the relationship between radical Islamic 
groups and less extreme governments is 
still fluid and iffy. 

Bangladesh, till now a relatively mod- 
erate Islamic nation with a female prime 
minister, is now embroiled in ju$i this 
struggle with local groups. Ms". Nasrin 
has been in trouble intermittently be- 
cause of writings that are critical of the 
status assigned to women by Islamic law. 
Nongovernmental Islamic groups have 


called for her death before, forcing her 
into virtual house arrest earlier this year 
and bringing declarations of support for 
her case from many international human 
rights groups and writers' organizations. 
The Bangladeshi government has previ- 
ously responded to those calls, restoring 
her passport and allowing her to travel 
abroad, but it issued an arrest warrant — 
on charges of intent to insult Muslims — 
after news reports that she had told an 
interviewer in Calcutta that the Koran 
should be revised. 

Ms. Nasrin has since written to Bangla- 
deshi media denying the charge. What she 
said, she asserts, was that sharia, or reli- 
gious law, should be revised as it pertains 
to women. Bui the specifics of the offense 
are less important to the case than the 
barbarity of crowds in the street chanting 
demands for the death of a writer — and 
the brutality or the govern men i of that 
writer's nation going along with the vigi- 
lantes. Indulging such intellectual vigilan- 
tism, let alone backing it up with official 
actions, is against every norm of civilized 
government. Other nations should make 
plain their concern for Ms. Nasrin's safety. 

— THE WASHMGTQS POST 


Remember the GI Bill 


Not all the great victories in World 
War II cook place on the battlefield. 
What proved a landmark triumph for 
America and its fighting forces had its 
start in the White House 50 years ago 
yesterday when President Franklin D. 
Roosevelt signed the GT Bill of Rights. 
Few laws have done so much for so 
many, vet the anniversary of this politi- 
cal and social counterpart of D-Day has 
been all but forgotten. 

Formally known as the Servicemen’s 
Readjustment Act of 1944. this innova- 
tive bill was ambitious in design and 
laudable in purpose: to help 10 million 
veterans, and their country, adapt to 
peacetime. The measure offered guaran- 
teed loans to buy a home, farm or busi- 
ness; 52 weeks of unemployment insur- 
ance at $20 per week, plus job placement 
services: and. most enduringjy impor- 
tant. up to four years of federal aid for 
learning or training at any level, front 
grade to graduate school. 

And so Americans who never dared 
dream of attending college joined a 
flood that crested in 1946 and 1947, 
when 2.5 million veterans qualified for 
$500 or more in annual tuition, plus 
monthly allowances of $65 for single 
students. S90 for married. Almost over- 
night on U.S. campuses, Quonset huts 
and prefab houses bloomed to accom- 
modate this influx. In a stroke, the legis- 
lation kepi a demobilizing army from 
engulfing the labor force, threw open 
cloistered academic doors and offered 
energizing plasma to schools of every 
kind, public or private. 

The special genius of the law was that 
it bypassed old arguments over states' 
rights and tax aid to religious institu- 


tions by extending its benefits to indi- 
vidual citizens, who had wide freedom 
of choice. This notable home-front vic- 
tory was chiefly the work of Roosevelt. 
As early as November 1942. he had asked 
a panel" of educators to design a compre- 
hensive program for former servicemen 
and servicewomen. In summer 1943, in a 
message to Congress and in a radio fire- 
side chat he urged approval of the panel s 
core recommendations, and got vital sup- 
port from the otherwise staunchly con- 
servative American Legion. 

Even so, the school provisions were 
assailed by John Rankin, the race-bailing 
Mississippi Democrat who headed the 
House veterans Committee; be protested 
that blacks were incapable of benefiting 
from college. Less predictably. President 
Robert Maynard Hutchins of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago gloomily warned that 
“colleges and universities will find them- 
selves converted into intellectual hobo 
jungles." Veterans "unable to get work 
and equally unable to resist pulling pres- 
sures on colleges and universities will 
find themselves educational hoboes." 

Such prophecies were wildly off the 
mark. So popular and successful was the 
law that many of its benefits were extend- 
ed to Korea and Vietnam veterans, and 
are now available to those who serve in 
peacetime. As a federal stimulus to learn- 
ing and opportunity, the Gl Bill ranks 
with the Land Grant College Act of 1862. 
which promoted the growth of the stale 
universities. It is useful to be reminded 
periodically that federal spending is not 
always wasteful and that taxes, to para- 
phrase the late Justice Oliver Wendell 
Holmes, can be the agent of civilization. 

— THE HEW YORK TIMES. 


The O. J. Simpson Case 


O. J. Simpson has now pleaded not 
guilty to two counts of first-degree mur- 
der in the deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole 
Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald 
Goldman. It is impossible to know how 
this case will turn out. Bui that has not 
stopped anyone from discoursing on the 
allegedly deeper import of the tragedy. 

Some of the commentary has been use- 
ful. Given Mr. Simpson’s earlier no-con- 
test plea to charges or spousal battery 
against Nicole Simpson, the case opened 
a constructive discussion about whether 
spouse abuse charges are dealt with seri- 
ously enough and in ways that might pro- 
tect battered spouses from future harm. 

Unfortunately, much of the rest of the 
discussion is not of that caliber. The 
trend Coward instant analysis has created 
an even more pernicious parallel industry 
involving the search for instant meaning. 
As the slew-speed police ebase snaked its 
way through the Los Angeles freeway 
system before an audience of millions of 
Americans, the search for sage theories 
overwhelmed the facts, since there were 
so few facts to report. 

There was, for example, the assertion 
that this case showed conclusively how 
mistaken it was to view athletes as role 
models. Leave aside that such a state- 
ment is premature in an unresolved case. 
It is entirely true that athletic prowess 
does not automatically translate into 
j>ood character. It is also true that role 
models other than athletes deserve more 
prominence. But even if Mr. Simpson 
were found guilty, how would ii be possi- 
ble to go from there to sweeping conclu- 
sions about all athletes? How many ath- 
letes are arrested for murder? How many 
more visit schools, encourage kids to 
study, urge teenagers off drugs? 


There was also the implication that 
Americans really “knew" O. J. Simpson 
and found the murder charge in utterly 
shocking contradiction of his character. 
But only Mr. Simpson’s closest friends 
really “knew” him. They. too. were 
shocked, but were also the only ones with 
the grounds for feeling that way. Televi- 
sion viewers only “knew" the brilliant 
football player and the entirely appealing 
figure they saw before them in the sports 
broadcasts. It is said that television creates 
instant intimacy. It is not said enough that 
this feeling of intimacy is usually false. 

There was much commentary about the 
implications of the incident for race rela- 
tions because Mr. Simpson is black and 
fought his way up from the projects. But 
why must every incident involving a black 
man or a black woman be automatically 
taken as a commentary about race? Must 
everything be rarialized? Mr. Simpson has 
a right to be judged as an individual. 

A rare calm voice in this din was NBC 
■ sports announcer Bob Costas, a friend 
and colleague of Mr. Simpson’s who ap- 
peared on “Larry King Live” on Mon- 
day. Mr. Costas loyally declared that Mr. 
Simpson was “not just a nice person with 
a likable exterior, but seemed to be a 
genuinely good-natured and decent per- 
son.” But Mr. Costas shied away from the 
quest for pseudo-profundity and remind- 
ed his audience that “regardless of what 
happens to O. J. ... the victims here 
are Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald 
Goldman and two tittle children and oth- 
er family members and the people closest 
to those directly involved." It was a sim- 
ple statement, but, unlike so many others 
made in the past few days, it had the 
virtue of being unquestionably true. 

~ THE WASH IHGTOy TOST. 



International Herald Tribune 

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W ashington — No secret about 

the book that tops Bill Clinton’s 
summer reading list As he prepares for a 
Washington summit with Boris Yeltsin in 
September, the president will pot aside his 
beloved mysteries lo analyze Mr- Yeltsin’s 
recently published memoir and its insights 
into the Second Russian Revolution. 

The White House announced Wednes- 
day that Mr. Yeltsin would travel to Wash- 
ington in late September after be and Mr, 
Clinton have appeared at the United Na- 
tions General Assembly opening. 

In addition to Mr. Yeltsin's “The Strug- 
gle for Russia.’* the president should pack 
as well two recent magazine articles that 
provide perspective on a central theme of 
the Washington summit: Russia’s prob- 
lems in its “near abroad,” the former Sovi- 
et republics that gained their indepen- 
dence in December 1991. 

One article is Stephen Sestanovich’s 
openly sympathetic piece “Giving Russia 
Its Due,” in the summer issue of The 
National Interest. The other is the sharp- 
ly anti-Yeltsin article in the June 23 issue 
of The New York Review of Books writ- 
ten by Tatyana Tolstaya, who teaches 
Russian literature at Skidmore College. 
She is overly critical of Mr. Yeltsin’s book 


By Jim Hoagland 

and of Mr. Yeltsin himself. Her portrait is 
that of a power-mad, vengeful buffoon 
who overthrew Mikhail Gorbachev and 
“ravaged his kingdom, and deprived him 
Of everything. And became Gorbachev 
himself. And lost." 

That is far too harsh. But she does pro- 
vide a useful reminder of Mr. Yeltsin’s 
decision to break up the Soviet Union as a 
way of achieving power in Russia- Mir. Ses- 
tanovich skates too quickly past that point 
in his impressive overview of the 1991 
breakup, which, he argues “emerged almost 
fortuitously." Russians remember a- more 
purposeful Yeltsin, and revere or revile him 
for nis role in destroying the Soviet Union. 

Mr. Sestanovich, a Reagan White House 
staffer now at the Carnegie Endowment, 
frames the big issue, and the stakes, cor- 
rectly: “Whether the Cold War stays set- 
tled seems to depend on whether th eSoviet 
Union stays broken up.” He argues that it 
should and almost certainly wifi. 

He goes on to challenge the view of 
those like Henry Kissinger and Zbigniew 
Bizezinski who suggest that Russia is in- 
tent on destabilizing and subverting the 


independent governments of Eastern Eu- 
rope and the former Soviet Union. 

“Far from exercising (or aspiring to ex- 
ercise) control’’ over Eastern Europe, - 
“Moscow in fact has little influence of any 
kind,” Mr. Sestanovich writes. And in the 
“near abroad,” Russian actions and com- 
mitments, in contrast to the politicians’ 
rhetoric, are highly tentative. “WKat is 
most likely to take shape on the territaiy of 
the former Sonet Union is not arcstored 
empire, or a rough copy ofibe old-Soviet . 
Uoc, but a Russian sphere of influence" 
that will not threaten U.S. interests. 

Mr. Soslanovich's analysis resonates with: 
me in part because of a conversation here 1 
earlier this month with General Andrei Ni- 
kolayev, the commander of Russia’s recent- 
ly reformed Border Guards Service, which 
staves as “the physical expression of nation- 
al security ana foreign policy on die bor- 
ders,** in General NEkolayev’s phrase. • 

He classified Russia’s frontiers with the 
Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithua- 
nia as having the same legal status as the 
long established international frontiers of 
the Soviet Union that Russia inherited — 
“Finland, Norway, China, Mongolia.'* 

The exact status of Russia's bonders with, 
the ll other former Soviet republics linked 


to Rusia in fl» Commonweal* of 
jJXrdcr oL* to beta proiect . 0k 

ing Ukraine, “have an awaren «* ““J 
atong their borders the interests cTO* 
OS are involved.'’ Bat be 
while “wefhave common, secuntyinteresi-- 
. and we are the same people, Russia 

Ukraine a£d Belarus u g* 
sovereign, independent states , they 
.Americans have rarely benefited from 
believing Russian generals m the pasL bui 
G eneral Nikolayevs assertions seem sup- 
ported by the facts on the ground, as 
outlined by Mr .Sestanovich. 

“The task confronting U.S. policy is 
not .to tom around a Russian offensive 
that is already in full swing." as Mr- 
Kjssujjger" has suggested, ■ ‘but to make 
sure that a basically constructive line of 
policy stays that way,” Mr. Sestanovich 
writes. It is ja thought for Bill Clinton to 
take to the beach with him. 

The Washington Post. . 


r h n 

TSU s 

rtM 


Beijing’s 


H ONG KONG — Tiananmen 
worked. To judge by com- 
ments made by China’s top party 
cadres in connection with the re- 
cent anniversary of the 1989 mas- 
sacre around Tiananmen Square, 
it was a success. Their historical 
verdict: “Without the resolute 
measures taken then, C hina would 
not enjoy today's stability." 

President Jiang Zemin has de- 
clared that “a bad thing has been 
turned into a good tiring." Chi- 
na’s triumphant return to the 
world community on a wave of 
economic growth, and Beijing's 
decisive victozy in compelling 
President Bill Clinton to sever the 
link between human rights and 
trade, seem to prove his point 
The legions of world leaders 
who have trooped to Beijing for a 
piece of the booming China mar- 
ket further bolster Mr. Jiang’s ar- 
gument that “history shows that 
anything conducive to our na- 
tional stability is good.” 

China's Communist leaders 
have a long history of rewriting 
history, but Beijing's latest inter- 
pretation of the events of June 3 
and 4, 1989, has particulariy chill- 
ing implications for Hong Kong. 

In a little over 1, 000 days. 
Hong Kong will be part of China; 
so Beijing's newfound confidence 
that Tiananmen “worked" casts 
a long shadow. 

Jusi as democracy demonstra- 
tors in Tiananmen Square were 
not “conducive" to Orina's na- 
tional stability, so Hong Kong’s 
free society is now under siege 
because Beijing is unable to dis- 
tinguish between the sort of nor- 
mal activity that lakes place in 
Hong Kong every day and coun- 
terrevolutionary activity, which it 
believes must be crushed. 

Hong Kong bas changed dra- 
matically in the five years since 
China opened fire on the demon- 
strators, and especially since its 
first democratic elections in 1991 . 
Public rallies and street marches 
in favor of democratic reform are 
a part of everyday Hong Kong 
life. Press conferences, petitions 
and campaigns, dealing with ev- 



By Martin C. M. Lee 


eryihtng from human rights to 
housing costs, are the norm. 

Hong Kong’s 6 .milli on citizens 
cherish their civil liberties and are 
acutely aware that these freedoms 
do not exist across the border. 

During a century and a half of 
British colonial rule, the people of 
Hong Kong were denied demo- 
cratic government But in 1984, 
Britain signed the Joint Declara- 
tion with China, agreeing lo hand 
over Hong Kong on June 30. 1997. 
For Hong Kong, the most impor- 
tant part of the treaty was the 
promise that we, the people of 
Hong Koxtjg, would have a fully 
elected legislature and would be 
allowed to govern ourselves with 
autonomy in all matters except de- 
fense and foreign affairs. 

But instead we in Hong Kong 
increasingly find the long arm of 
China reaching into our daily 
lives: Politicians are bullied; 
there are threats to destroy our 


legal system; and Beg ing has said 
that our Bill of Rights will have to 
be abolished after 1997. 

Democratic reform is undo- at- 
tack. And as China's economic 
might and dout grow, so does its 
interest in absolute control over 
Song. The business com- 

3 in Hong Kong has been 
t to heel with threats to 
remove Chinese trade, and com- 
panies and individuals support- 
ing democratic reform have been 
targeted for retribution. 

Hoag Kong is still the freest 
society in Asia. Bui as 1997 draws 
doser, that is chan ging rapidly. 
The threatened loss of press free- 
dom and the refusal of the British 
government to set up important 
institutions such as a Human 
Rights Commission mean that 
Hong Kong is on its way to be- 
coming a human rights tragedy. 

Our great concern is that while 
Britain and China will continue 


to pay hyp service to -the Joint 
■ Declaration’s promise of autono- 
my and “one country, two sys- 
tems” — at least until the take- 
over — _in practice, Beijing wants 
strict control over Hong Kong 
well before 1997. 

A desire for control is certainly 
behind Beijing’s harsh opposition 
to the modest democratic reforms 
advanced by the Hong Kong gov- 
ernor, Chris Pattern which aimed 
to broaden the franchise for 
Hong Kong’s last elections under 
British rule. 

Control is also the reason Chi- 
nese authorities recently .an- 
nounced that the Hong Kong 
Legislature and the two lower 
tiers of elected bodies wQl be axed 
when Beijing takes over. 

Clearly, China is laying the 

K dwork for a very different 
_ Kongafter 1997. 

Despite China’s dramatic eco- 
nomic gains, the people of Hong 
Kong recognize that (he differ- 
ence in approach to human 


rights and democracy — in com- 
bination with a "fundamental 
misunderstanding of the .values 
and practices of a free society — 
wDl pose the greatest threat to 
Hong Kong hi the transition to 
Chinese sovereignty. 

Hong Kong has hot forgotten 
Tiananmen Square. As we .re- 
member the deaths ot our Chi- 
nese countrymen, we hope that 
Britain and China will begin to 
honor the promises of democracy 
and autonomy. But we know that 
so Iona as China’s Communist 
leadership remains willing to sac- 
rifice freedom on the altar of “na- 
tional stability,” the world may 
yet commemorate another trage- 
dy: the Hong Kong that once 
was, but isrno more. - 

The writer, Q democratically 
elected member of Hong Kong's 
Legislative Council, is chairman of 
the United Democrats of Hong 
Kong. . He contributed this com- 
ment to The Washington Past. 


Africans Need a Middle Oass, Which Tidies Time 


P ARIS — The problem of Af- 
rica is very simple. It is not 
tribalism, poverty or AIDS. It is 
that in most of Africa there is 
virtually no educated profes- 


By "William Pfaff 


A century later, in the great 
wave of anti-imperialism and de- 
colonization after World War II, 


sional jniddle class of the kind. Africa’s societies were launched 


that makes modern societies and 
economies work. 

This is a problem in developing 
countries generally, but is pecu- 
liarly acute in Africa, where until 
the last centuiy society was pre- 
literate, with economies ranging 
from the hunting-and-gathering 
or simple agricultural or pastoral 
communities, to the advanced 
trading kingdoms of West Africa. 
In many respects African societ- 
ies were also complex and sophis- 
ticated, of considerable artistic 
richness. But in the 19th century 
they were helpless before the Eu- 
ropeans who colonized them and 
brutally destroyed what, until 
then, they had been. 


into independence, with the am- 
bition to become modem na- 
tions based on one or the other 
of the only two political and eco- 
nomic models available to them: 
the libera] democratic and the 
state socialist. Nearly all chose 
the latter. This led to fiasco. 

As Conor Cruise O’Brien, a 
friend of Africa’s, has written, 
African socialism “has no suc- 
cess stories to tell.” 

Since communism's collapse, 
Africa’s elites have nearly all 
placed their faith in the demo- 
cratic and free- market model of 
development, encouraged to do 
so by pressures from the World 
Bank and the IMF. This has pro- 


m Pfflff within a wide regionalist frame- 

work” would take its place; That 
duced mixed economic results, seems to me entirely sentimental, 
but has provided no solution to , / Thedflennns of Africa ofthat it 
the basic political problem that needs^devriopment in order to be 
no “cavil society” exists of the able to develop. To' build a mod- 


Carving Session on Wilson’s Carpet 


Many of the disputes that bedevil the Balkans today have their roots 
75 years ago in the Paris peace talks that followed World War I. 
Harold Nicplson ( 1 886- J 9681 then a young British diplomat who 
became a distinguished historian and literary biographer, described 
the casual sometimes comic atmosphere of the four-power bargaining 
that decided new boundaries in his book ** Peacemaking 1919." 

Excerpts follow. Here is a guide to Mr. Nicolson's abbreviations: 

A.J. Balfour. British foreign minister. LLG.: David 
Lloyd George. British prime minister. 

Orlando : Vittorio Orlando. Italian prime minister. Sonnino: Gior- 
gio Sidney Sonnino. Italian foreign minister. 

Clemenceau: Georges Clemenceau French prime minister. 

P. W.: President Woodrow Wilson. 


• WhfriWE-dffcid/ Trikmr. n^rntd. 


By Harold Nicolson 

M AY 13, Tuesday — Go 
round to the Rue Nitot. 
We first go up to A.J. B.'s flat 
and then down to Lloyd 
George's QaL Barnes, the Labor 
minister attached to our delega- 
tion, is there. He is interested in 
the Adriatic for some odd rea- 
son. W r e then move into the din- 
ing room, i spread out my big 
map on the dinner table and 
they all gather round. 

We are still discussing when 
the flabby Orlando and the stur- 
dy Sonnino are shown into the 
dining room. They all sit round 
the map The appearance of a 
pie about to be distributed is 
thus enhanced. Ll. G. shows 
them what he suggests. They ask 
for Scaia Nova as well. “Oh. no!” 
says Ll. G. “You can’t have that 
— it’s full of Greeks!’’ He goes 
on to point out that there are 
further Greeks at Makri. and a 
whole wedge of them along the 
coast toward Alexandreua. “Oh, 
no.” 1 whisper to him, “there arc 
not many Greeks there." 

“Bui yes.” he answers, "don't 
you see it's colored green?” 1 
then realize that he mistakes ray 
map for an ethnological map. 
and thinks the green means 
Greeks Instead of valley s, and 
the brown means Turks instead 
of mountains. Li. G. takes this 
correction with great good hu- 
mor. He is as quick as a king- 
fisher. Meanwhile Orlando and 
Sonnino chatter to themselves 


in Italian. Finally they appear 
ready to accept a mandate over 
the Adalia region, but it is not 
clear whether in return they will 
abandon Flume and Rhodes. 

We get out the League Cove- 
nant regarding Mandates. We 
observe thar this article provides 
for “the consent and wishes of 
the people concerned," They 
find that phrase very amusing. 
Orlando's white cheeks wobble 
with laughter and his puffy eyes 
fin with tears of mirth. 

Wc agree to put it all down on 
paper. 1 leave with Balfour. In- 
stead of going upstairs to his 
own flat he sends for his big 
black haL “1 am coming with 
you," be says, “to your office." 
We drive to The Astoria. 

A. J. B. is pensive and sol- 
emn. I fed that he is profoundly 
shocked. We got up to my bare 
office and 1 send for Miss Staf- 
ford. She appears with her pad 
and pencil prepared to take 
down. A.J. B. treats her as 
though she were the Queen of 
Holland. He then strides about 
ray little room, looking lanky' 
and enormous, suddenly galva- 
nized into a quite different 
A. J. B-, and dictates a memo- 
randum which will undo all that 
was provisionally derided in 
LL G.’s dining room. 

Then lunch. Go across with 
Li. G. and A. J. B. to President 
Wilson’s house opposite. Ll. G, 
sends Balfour away, and I wait 
in the anteroom reading “The 
Portrait of Dorian Grey” in a 


bound edition fully annotated 
by Francis de Croisset 

The door opens. A heavily 
furnished study with my huge 
map on the carpet Bending 
over it (bubble, bubble, toil and 
trouble) are Gemenceau, LL G. 
and P. W. They have pulled up 
armchairs and crouch low over 
the map. Ll. G. says — g«rial 
always — “Now, Nicolson, lis- 
ten with all your ears.” He then 
proceeds to expound the agree- 
ment which they have reached. I 
make certain minor suggestions. 

I also point out that they are 
cutting the Baghdad Railway. 
This is brushed aside. P. W. says, . 
“And what about the islands? 1 " 

“They are,” 1 answer firmly, 
“Greek islands, Mr. PresidenL" 

“Then they should go to 
Greece?" 

HL N.: “Rather!” . 

P. W.: “Rather!” 

Anyhow I am told to go off 
and draft resolutions at once. 
Gemenceau says nothing dur- 
ing aD this. He sits at the edge of 
his chair and leans his two blue- 
gloved hands down upon the 
map. More than ever does he 
look like a gorilla of yeDow ivory. 

I dash back to the Astoria 
and dictate resolutions. They 
work out as follows: (l) Turkey 
to be driven out of Europe ana 
Armenia. Y2) Greece to have the 
Smyrna-Aivali Zone and a man- 
date over most of the Vilayet of 
Aidrn. (3) Italy to get a mandate 
over South Asia Minor from 
Marmarice to Marina, plus 
Koala. (4) France to get the rest. 

It is immoral and impractica- 
ble. Bui I obey my orders. The 
Grades are getting too much. 

I take this to [Maurice] Han- 
key [the British cabinet secre- 
tary], who approves and asks me 
to draft funner resolutions pro- 
viding for the United States ac- 
cepting a mandate over Arme- 
nia and Constantinople. This I 
do after dinner. Nearly dead 
with fatigue and indignation. 

The New York-Tkna. 


the basic political problem that 
no “civil spriety* exists of the 
. kind that else where makes de- 
mocracy function. '- 
In the absence of responsible 
and politically active middle 
classes, these countries have 
mostly experienced arbitrary 
personal rule, usually based on 
the dominance of a particular 
ethnic group, or they have been 
governed by their axrinei 
Annies , at least have disci- 
plined structures and problem- 
solving habits, and possess basic 
administrative and ; engineering 
skills. They offer careers to mot 
of action — who sometimes pos- 
sess few. other qualities. 

Military problem-solving has 
consistently turned into muitazy 
dictatorship, leading .to rivalries 
and coups, and too often to the 
eventual victory of the crudest 
and most ruthless. Hence the 
“Emperor” Bokassa, Irh Amin in 
Uganda and the “revolutionary" 
— actually, factional — wars that 
have ravaged Zanzibar, Angola, 
Liberia, Sudan and Ethiopia. 

Even so passionate a friend of 
African liberation as Basil Da- 
vidson, author of more than 20 
books on postcolonial Africa, 
has admitted that conditions to- 
day are often worse than they 
were in 1950. 

Thus the Nigerian Nobel Prize- 
laureate, Wole Sqyinka, and some 
Western commentators now chal- 
lenge the postcolonial taboo on 
changing Africa’s national fron- 
tiers, established by the colonial 
powers in 1885; and only slightly 
altered since. New borders could 
be made to coincide with ethnic 
frontiers. This is an argument we 
are familiar with from Eastern 
Europe. Rwanda today, like the 
former Yugoslavia, demonstrates 
where it can lead. 

Basil Davidson insists that the 
nation-state is totally artificial in 
Africa, and that if it were abol- 
ished, “participatory structures 


..era' society and modem economy 
it needs exactly the "civil socaeiy’’ 
. that only generations of develop- 
ment wffl produce. ' . " ' 

The African continent was not 
allowed to live and change at its 
own pace; so as to produce its 
own modernizing elites. Even, to- 
day, as one Ethiopian intellectual 
has said,- “you nave B.C, AD. 
and the 21st century” all coexist- 
' ing, "and in some {daces, like the 
southern Sudan arid Somalia, it’s 
even more B.C, than it was five 
years ago because of civil war." 

. Z remarked in a bode last year 
that much of Africa would bene- 
fit from a disinterested interna- 
tional neocolonialism that could 
allow the time, and allocate the 
resources, for the development of 
. civil society. This was described 
by a New Yoric Tunes critic as a 
“decidedly eccentric" idea, and 
by Mr. O Brien as preposterous. 
However, it is the assumption 
that lies behind the rather desper- 
ate and disorganized internation- 
al efforts being made to save the 
Somalis from themselves, and 
now to prevent Rwanda from ac- 
complismng its own genocide. 

. ! However, eccentric or not, it is 
art irrelevant idea. The advanced 
world, as we call it. has other 
things to do than recolonize an 
Africa that demanded, and de- 
mands, to be its own master. It 
has little interest in providing the 
funds and effort that might de- 
fleet the interlinked demograph- 
ic, economic and health catastro- 
phes that Africa confronts. It is 
interested in certain African' eco- 
nomic resources and raw materi- 
als, but it wDl continue to avert its 
eyes from the larger tragedy of 
African political society in the 
20th — and 21st — centuiy. 

U will also ask, not without 
cause: what else can it do? 

International Herald Tribune. 

© Los Angeles Times Syndicate. 


IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 
1894: A Cleaner Seine f?? 1 S! 5, - has told ^ Germans 

PARTS —The debate on the pro- or “No" ^S ,e defauh ^of 
pos^tpurqwovethesanitatiMof a detdaration ^ 

^nsandmore espeaaDy to pun- terminate and the Allied and AT 
& toe &ane by the system of seriated Powers wffl rate 
“tout 4 1 fegout, was concluded m steps as they think needful ? 
the Senate yesterday [June 22J. enforce the tenmr “ dful lo 


PARTS “—The debate on the pro- 
posal to improve the sanitation of 
Paris and more especially to puri- 
fy the Seine by the system of 
“tout 4 l’fegout,” was concluded m 
the Senate yesterday [June 22]. 
The representatives of the De- 
partment of Setne-et-Oisc made a 
gallant struggle against a scheme 
which will torn the sewage of the 
capital on to their fields, but the 
counterproposal of a canal to the 
sea was promptly rejected, and 
the Senate earned the Govern- 
ment Bill by 201 votes to 26. 

1919; Allied Deadline 


1944: J 

ROME — 


ROME — [From our New Ynr v 

aEta g 

ettL former Governor of New 

Sl^ 8aVe ° rders lodav [June 
22J for an immediate “DiiiW- 

Purge of Fascistsanij ^Fasekr 
howrfS ie * 


-<■ Nrafiam* tor Amed Militarv 7? n ew 
tfaer .aceniuce of the Peace comaussi^r?2 fJ , G » Vernmenl 
terms of the Alfred and Associate 1 :h * R o™e area, 

ed Georges Clemen- . the RW f^^JWanaiists of 

ceau. President of the Peace Con- solicited - 

m ^Posing Fascists. 








Si -.-'Vf, T?.-\rvt*e 





> S etn, 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1 994 

O P I IV 1 O N 


Page 7 




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One Conservative’s Expose 
Of Republicans’ Big Lie 




By E. J. Dionne Jr. 


W ASHINGTON — Lurking be- 
neath so much of the public 
cynicism about government is a big 
lie that has dominated American 
politics for close to 15 years. The big 
lie is that the cause 01 the nation’s 
difficulties, and in particular the 
reason for the big budget deficits, is 
the growth of “big government” 
programs foisted on unwilling vot- 
ers by. nasty forces in Washington. 

That is a lie, first, because the 
bulk of federal spending now goes to 
programs that are broadly popular 
and much in demand: Social Securi- 
ty, Medicare and the defense bud' 
get. Second, the Republicans who 
say so insistently that they are 
against “big government” id little 
when they controlled the White 
House to slash the big programs; 
govemmem spending, including do- 
mestic spending, kept on growing. 

Listen to a devout conservative 
named David Frum, formerly of the 
WalV Street Journal editorial page 
staff. His forthcoming book, “Dead 
Right,” is shockingly honest about 
conservative and Republican dis- 
sembling about big spending. 

“Conservatives have lost their 
zeal for advocating minima] govem- 
mem not because they have decided 
that big government is desirable, but 
because they have wearily conclud- 
ed that trying to reduce it is hope- 
less, and that even the task of pre- 
venting its further growth will 
probably exceed their strength,” Mr. 
Frum writes. 

Noting that federal spending 
grew even faster in the 1980s than 
tax revenues, Mr. Frum goes on to 
dispel another myth popular with 
his side; “Conservatives would later 
airily pin the blame for the spending 


binge on a hostile Democratic Con- 
gress,” he says. “Bui a quick flip 
through the pages of the budget doc- 
uments of the decade shows the fast- 
est growing spending was on Repub- 
lican constituencies: pensioners, 
farmers and veterans . . . Conser- 
vatives had effectively thrown in the 
towel on government spending.” 

Unlike many conservatives who 
say that an was well under Ronald 
Reagan and things only went haywire 
because of George Bush, Mr. Frum 
argues that the lousy budgets of the 
Bush years were not the fruit of some 
liberal conspiracy but the result or 
growth in two big programs. Medi- 
care and deposit insurance, that the 
Gipper himself supported. 

Mr. Fruro concludes that dishon- 
esty about the extent to which con- 
servatives accommodated the pub- 
lic's desire for spending programs 
“explains, finally, the triviality and 
cynicism that have characterized too 
much of conservative politics over 
the past few years.” 

Let no one doubt Mr. Frum's con- 
servatism. He really wants Republi- 
cans to go after the big spending. 
His slogan: “Practice honesty, 
and pay the price.” 

But that has not been the Repub- 
licans' approach, and the price for 
their policies has been paid mostly 
by President Bill Clinton. Mr. 
Frum's book can thus be read as a 
companion to Bob Woodward's ac- 
count of domestic policy-making 
under Mr. Clinton, “The Agenda." 
Mr. Frum explains why the choices 
that Mr. Clinton faced were so bad. 

The real story of the Woodward 
book is not chaotic policy-making 
but the fact that Mr. Clinton faced 
two imperatives on taking office 



OH YEAH? WELL, 1 
WE'RE W0RK1N&0M 
A NEW LIST OF 
SANCTIONS! 


O. J . Simpson as Victim? 
Kindly Consider Reality 


By Bob Herbert 


jmse 


that directly contradicted each oth- 
er. He wanted to bring down the 
deficit. And he fell he had been 
elected to spend money to solve 
problems that Americans were gen- 
uinely worried about — to reform 
welfare, fight crime, guarantee 
health coverage to all and provide 
job training. He also said he would 
cm middle-class taxes. 

Virtually all the fights Mr. Wood- 
ward describes are battles between 
representatives of two reasonable 
points of view: those who said that 
bringing down the deficit mattered 
more than anything and those who 
said that new domestic initiatives 
mattered more than the deficit. No 
wonder Mr. Clinton hated deriding 
between the contending sides. 


He suffered from a breakdown of 
what most Americans thought was 
an implicit deal they had with the 
two parties. When they were in a 
mood to spend money to solve prob- 
lems, they could vote Democratic. 
When they were in a mood for fiscal 
caution, they could vote Republi- 
can. But the Republicans fell down 
on their end of the bargain, so Mr. 
Clinton was stuck having to work 
both ends of the equation. 

The point here is not to feel sorry 
for Mr. Clinton. He knew what he 
was getting into. But if public cyni- 
cism about politics is to abate, ev- 
erybody — but especially Republi- 
cans — has to start being straight 
about big government If the Re- 
publicans want to keep running 


against big government they have to 
take up Mr. Frum’s call to make 
major cuts even in popular pro- 
grams like Social Security. If the 
Republicans are not willing to do 
that they should shut up about big 
government and find new issues. 

The truth is unpleasant. If voters 
want government to help solve so- 
cial problems, it will cost money — 
their money. You cannot like what 
big government does and persist in 
saying you are against big govern- 
ment But hey, it worked Tor the 
Republicans for 12 years. Maybe 
Mr. Woodward's account of the ad- 
ministration would have come out 
better if Mr. Clinton had tried to 
pretend for four more. 

The Washington Peat. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


A Message to North Korea 

"Bui Why So Much Ado About 
Kim 11 Sung T* (Opinion, June 16) 
by William Pfaff: 

I must disagree with Mr. Pfaffs 
assertion that die situation in North 
Korea does not merit the attention it 
is receiving. There is a strong prece- 
dent to be set here by the United 
States, if it adopts a policy employ- 
ing both “carrots" and “sticks.” It 
can show North Korea and other 
nuclear hopefuls that not only is 
there much to gain if they remain 
part of the Nuclear Nonprolifera- 
tion Treaty, such as diplomatic rec- 
ognition and increased trade, but 
that they wiR suffer tremendously if 


they insist on challenging the West 
on this issue. Sanctions are certainly 
not the final answer, but they are a 
good way to send the message that 
the United States will not accept the 
possibility of the so-called rogue re- 
gimes possessing a nuclear arsenal 
Students of the Cold War will- re- 
call that tiying to guess the intentions 
of a hostile power is a tricky business. 
The safest policy is to limit the capa- 
bilities of these governments to 
threaten international peace, 

CHRISTOPHER WHELAN. 

Blandford, England. 

Several key questions remain unan- 
swered after former President Jimmy 


Carter’s visit to North Korea: If the 
North's nuclear program is peaceful — 
and it is not deaf why even a peaceful 
program is needed — why were the fuel 
rods pulled without supervision and why 
has access to waste sites been denied? 
The North Koreans could have received 
US. recognition, aid and trading privi- 
leges months ago; why, instead, did they 
push the peninsula to the brink of war? 
Will North Korea abandon its goal of 
forcibly uniting the peninsula? 

Only an accurate understanding of 
the North's motives will allow South 
Korea and the West to develop a safe 
and appropriate response. If Mr. Car- 
ter’s visit has contributed to this under- 
standing, then it should be applauded. 
But if the visit only serves to muddy the 


waters and blunts the international com- 
munity's resolve; Jimmy Carter risks be- 
coming a modern-day Chamberlain. 

DAVID BLOOM. 

Seoul. 

TheTrib More Clearly 

Just as I was about to break down 
and ask my optometrist to prescribe 
bifocals so that I could comfortably 
read the morning news, you have 
rescued me by increasing, fraction- 
ally, the size of the prinL Thanks for 
delaying the onset of middle age for 
a few more years. 

PHILIP A. RAKITA. 

Tokyo. 


Women and the Church 

Regarding “ Cardinals Dive Into 
the Population Fray ” (June IS): 

Nobody doubts that women's re- 
productive health and rights are new 
concepts to the Vatican, but it is 
egregiously hypocritical for Cardi- 
nal John O’Connor of New York to 
complain of “cultural imperialism” 
while the Church tries to impose its 
dogma on billions of women, most 
of whom are not even Catholic, and 
none of whom is allowed into the 
decision-making hierarchy. 

JAN KIRTLEY. 

Zurich. 


N EW YORK — It's the most 
exciting and entertaining news 
story in years. The parade up the 
highway could have been scripted 
by Spielberg, WillO. J. get to call his 
mother? Will he blow tus brains out 
in the back of A1 Cowlings's Bron- 
co? And what's the latest on the 
murder weapon? Samurai sword? 
Entrenching tool? Hunting knife? 

Fast-forward to the courtroom 
drama. Quick, look! Wasn't that just 

MEANWHILE 

a him of a smile when they men- 
tioned Nicole's name? Did you no- 
tice the gray in his hair? Does 
he look drugged? 

Who can resist as “Ragtime" 
meets “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" on 
the information superhighway? The 
folks up there on the overpass say 
they were swinging towels and 
chanting “Go, Juice, go!” because 
they are part of history. Do you hear 
what they’re saying? It’s real! 

Except, of course, it is not real. 
Not even close. The real events are 
off-camera, at a safe psychological 
distance, thus preserving the enter- 
tainment value of a spectacular 
double homicide. 

You want to get a little closer to 
real? Imagine a crazed and physical- 
ly powerful man springing upon 
your mother, slashing and hacking 
away with a large knife until the 
main arteries in her neck are gone 
and her head is nearly severed and 
the blood is spurting and gushing 
in all directions. 

That's what happened to Nicole 
Brown Simpson. 

Now imagine a similarly savage 
attack on some young man you 
know. Imagine Ins terror in the 
midst of the attack. Imagine the 
searing, agonizing pain of his 
wounds, and his frantic, desperate, 
blood-drenched and futile struggle to 
keep from being overpowered and 
killed. It is not very entertaining. 

“I just feel so bad for O. J. ” said a 
New York schoolteacher the other 
day, echoing the sentiments of thou- 
sands, maybe millions. 

Spare me. Nothing has yet 
emerged that points to O. J.'s inno- 
cence, and his “woe-is-me” strategy. 

Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed “ Letters to the 
Editor" and contain the writer’s sig- 
nature. name and full address. Let - 
ten should be brief and are subject to 
editing. We cannot be responsible for 
the return of unsotirited manuscripts. 


his maudlin and contrived effort to 
present himself as some kind of vic- 
tim, is disgusting. 

Suicide? Is that the reaction one 
would expect from a tough- as- nails 
athlete unjustly accused of his ex- 
wife's murder? Or would a more like- 
ly response be the marshaling of all 
ras energy and resources for uie ltd- 
dal task of finding the ultimate exV 
culpatory evidence — the real killer?! 

In O. J. Simpson's so-called suu- 
dde note there was no reference to! 
catching whoever was responsible 
for the mu triers, just self -pi tying,' 
comments tike: “1 can't go on. NO 
matter what the outcome, people 
will look and point. I can’t take that-, 
I can't subject my children to that.”. 

Get a grip. 

In no sense has this so-called’ 
hero taken responsibility for any, 
of his actions, lr you go by lhe- 
text of Lhe note, it is not even* 
clear who was doing the punching 
in the clashes between Mr. ana, 
Mrs. Simpson. 

“At times,” said O. J.. “I have felt 
tike a battered husband or boyfriend 
but I loved her.” 

0. J. may have felt bartered, buf- 
somehow it was Nicole who got to 
wear the black eyes and the bruises. 
And it is Nicole who is now buried 
in. a California cemetery. 

“fie a man.” said the sportscaster 
Jim Htil. a former football player 
who urged O. J. to surrender Friday 
and “face the situation.” 

It was good advice but it probably 
came too late. The Juice needed that 
kind of counsel back in 1977 when, 
with his first wife pregnant with 
their third child, he left her for Nj-f 
cole Brown, then 18. 

Being a man was not something 
that Orenthal James Simpson knew 
a lot about. And stardom never 
made him any wiser. His ego 
remained as fragile as his legs 
were strong. 

Like all young children who losq 
their mothers, O. J. Simpson’s two 
youngest kids will wonder — no 
matter what they have been told 
— when she is coining back. And 
their long process of denial and 
grief will be hideously complicated 
by the gradual realization of what 
happened to her. 

That, too. will be played out off- 
camera. The “live" television ver- 
sion of the O. J. Simpson drama is a 
strange and thrilling combination 
of technological magic, mass pro- 
jection and collective hypnosis, his 
profoundly intoxicating, but it is 
not real. If it were real we could not 
bear to watch. 

The New York Times. 


THE RUSSIAN GIRL 

By Kingsley Amis. 296 pages. 
$22.95. Viking. 

Reviewed by 
Michiko Kakutani 

O NE of Kingsley Amis's 
put-upon heroes once re- 
marked, “women were like the 
Russians — if you did exactly 
what they wanted all the time 
you were being realistic and 
constructive and promoting the 
cause of peace, and if you ever 
-'stood up lo them you were re- 
-sorting to Cold War tactics and 
-pursuing imperialistic designs 
-‘and interfering in their internal 
-affairs." 

; 5 The Cold War is over now, 
hut Anus’s latest hero, Richard 
Vaisey, has more than his share 
bf problems with women and 
'Russians- In particular, he has 
•problems with a certain Russian 
woman named Anna who suc- 
ceeds in turning bus peaceful, if 
'somewhat dreary, life complete- 
ly upside down. 

As- readers of “The Russian 
!Giri,” Amis’s rambunctious 
new novel, will quickly learn. 
Richard is.tbe resident curmud- 
geon an the staff of the London 
. Institute of Slavonic Studies. In 
. the increasingly multicultural, 
politically correct world of aca- 
‘ deania, Richard is regarded as 
an uptight elitist, a stickler for 


BOOKS 


WHAT THEY RE READING 


• Quentin Crewe, English 
writer, adventurer and gastro- 
nomic expert, has just finished 
“Aristocrats” by Stella Tillyard. 

“This is a fascinating story of 
the four granddaughters of 
King Charles D and Louise de 
KerouaEes. It reads like an epic 
by a romantic novelist, un-put- 
downable, though riddled with 
schoolboy howlers.” 

(John Brunton. JUT) 


o p 


standards and a defender of tra- 
dition. 

“He was a bloody professor, 
an academic, a Fh. D- a man of 
books and commentaries and 
capable of interest only in 
them," writes Amis, “but he 
had gone all these years think- 
ing he was not, could not have 
been, because he happened Lo 
be a randy bastard as well.” 

- Richard’s idea of a perfect 
day is a couple of lectures and a 
seminar in the morning, some 
sex in the afternoon, followed 
“by a catching-up on linguistic 
studies, a solitary dinner with a 
learned journal by his plate and 
a quiet evening trying out a pos- 
sible new line on Father Zos- 
ma’s stuff in The Brothers Kar- 
amazov,’ with half an hour cm 
Lermontov before retiring," 


Richard’s fondness for sex has “d h , e 

already gotten him into trouble: does faU for Anna, he s 

a marriage with the beautiful S°* to second-guess his emotions 
and c anning Cordelia, a woman ^ wondering how the romance 
of quite remarkable hypocrisy, ^ Ws literary reputation 
who is regarded by Richard’s and his standard ofliving. 
friends as a conniving monster. It would be easy to detest poor 

Over the years, Richard has Richard, but Amis uses his com- 
mcue or less learned to ignore ic talents to turn him into an 
Cordelia’s less appealing traits: oddly endearing buffoon. We 
He’s got his work, after all and, can identify with his bumbling 
besides, be has rather learned to attempts to contain the burgeon- 
enjoy the comforts of life pur- _ tng chaos in his life, even as we 


As Richard's romance with 
Anna snowballs swiftly into 
love, he finds his tidy life flying 
apart at the seams. In the first 
place, there’s the problem of 
breaking the news to Cordelia, 
an act certain to have all sorts of 
nasty repercussions. 

Like so many Amis heroes — 
from Jim Dixon in “Lucky Jim” 
to Patrick Sian dish in “Diffi- 
culties With Girls” — Richard 
is a feckless sort of fellow, self- 
absorbed, self-deluded, out for 
the main chance. 

He has a hard time feeling 
much for others, and when he 
finally does fall for Anna, he’s 
got to second-guess his emotions 
by wondering how the romance 
will affect his literary reputation 
and his standard of living. 

It would be easy to detest poor 
Richard, but Amis uses his com- 
ic talents to turn him into an 
oddly endearing buffoon. We 
can identify with his bumbling 
attempts to contain the burgeon- 


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chased with Cordelia’s money. 

One day there strolls into 
Richard’s calm, spiritually atien- 
tuated life another beauteous 
woman, a Russian poet named 
Anna Danilova, who wants, in- 
deed requires, his help. She 
wants Richard to help her 
achieve recognition as a poet in 
the West, so that she might use 
her fame to help get her brother 
out of a Moscow jafl. 


begin to sympathize with tus 
flailing efforts to examine his 
emotionally shuttered fife 

As for the sprawling support- 
ing cast of “The Russian Girl,” 
it's an amusingly antic lot: from 
the language-mangling Cordelia 
to the Garboesque Anna, from 
an assimilation-mad Russian 
named Kotolynov to an uncom- 
monly well-connected friend of 


Subscribe now Oh 

and save up to w / v 


off the 
cover price 


BRIDGE 


By Alan Tmscott 

O N the diagramed deal 
South drove to a border- 
line six-diamond contract, us- 
'ing a Gerber ace-inquiry when 
his partner- rebid two no-trump. 
'South won the opening heart 
- - lead- in his hand and drove out 
the diamond ace. He would 
; ; have beep pul to a severe test if 
* West had shifted to a dub. Re- 


NORTH (D) 

♦ 87 3 
VA-K7 

♦ 63 

♦ A Q 10 6 2 

EAST 

♦ Q J 6 4 2 
0852 

♦ ff 

♦ JC743 
SOUTH 

♦ AK8 
UQJ4 

0 KQ310S 4 
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■ ^ prisoner or a common thief, but 

he’s so smitten with Anna that 
jeering the finesse would have he doesn’t bother to ask many 


Richard isn’t entirely clear ^chani s named Crispin, 
whether the brother is a political Although “The Russian 


CALL US TOLL-FREE 

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FRANCE 05437437 THE NETHERLANDS: 060225158 
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Or send in Hie coupon below. 


Girl" lacks the emotion and 
depth of Amis’s 1987 novel 
“Tne Old Devils,” it remains a 
highly entertaining perfor- 


BtDecnpoai Rates & Savings oH IHT covet I 


succeeded, for South can ruff a questions. Before he knows it, highly entertaining perfor- 
dub after taking the ace. He can he's collecting the signatures of mance: a wild, funny, wholly 
then cross lo a heart winner and impor tant people on a petition, diverting romp of a book, 
ruff another dab. attesting to Anna's eminence as 


GounifyCurrency 


ruff another dab. attesting to Anna's eminence as 

This fails to collect the long, a poet and her plight as an ag- 
but South can then run all his grieved relative of a wrongly ac- 
tmmps, cross to dummy’s re- cused prisoner in Russia. 

maining heart winner, and 

squeeze East in the black suits. “ ° 

South won West’s trump re- 
turn, cashed all his remaining Am T\+ 4 K iptikknat 

j— Jieralo^ 


Michiko Kakutani is on the 
Staff of The New York Times. 


WEST 

♦ 185 

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and East threw a club. After 
taking two spade winners. 
South guessed to play to the 
dub ace. His team gained 12 
mps and won the matdt by 8. 


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Ti’f-. 







LTH/ SCIENCE 


Feminists Scrutinize Darwinism 


B_v Natalie Angier 

,Vw York Times Service 

A THENS, Georgia — If there is 
any merit to F. Scott Fitzgerald's 
familiar observation that the 
mark of a first-rate intelligence is 
the ability to hold two contradictory ideas 
in your head without cracking up, then 
there were a lot of very sane prodigies 
walking the halls of the University of 
(Georgia last week. 

; They were the participants in an unusual 
scientific conference called ‘‘Evolutionary 
Biology and Feminism," two terms that 
ihe meeting’s organizer said had never be- 
fore been paired under a single symposium 
nibric. 

• And small wonder, for the disciplines 
&ave often been at loggerheads. Many fern- 
mists have eyed certain aspects of Darwin- 
ian thought with deep suspicion, .particu- 
larly when evolutional^ explanations have 
been marshaled to explain human charac- 
teristics like the inequality of the sexes in 
most cultures around the world, or boys’ 
supposed superiority over girls in mathe- 
matics. To many feminists, the relentless 
search for an innate basis to complex hu- 
man behaviors smacks of a quest for easy 
answers — and handy excuses for the sta- 
tus quo. 

; For their part, evolutionary scientists, 
like researchers in other Helds, cherish the 
potion that science at its best is dispassion- 
ate and as free as possible of prejudices. 
They fear that those who approach their 
work from a feminist or any other ideologi- 
cal perspective are bound to seek out in 
nature only what they wish to find, and to 
reject observations that disturb their polit- 
ical cosmology. 

But Tor two days last week, top-flight 
biologists of both sexes who happen to be. 
in most cases, avowed feminists or sympa- 
thetic to Lhe cause, put aside their qualms 
about labels and asked the sort of ques- 
tions that scientists normally shun. 



They asked whether modem evolution- 
ary theory has helped, hindered or made 
no difference at all 10 feminism, which as 
one of the scientists defined it is simply 
women’s quest for equality and elbow 
room. 

Conversely, they wondered whether 
fe minis t thinking has helped or obstructed 
biologists' efforts to understand the mech- 
anisms of nature — human or otherwise. 

Dr. Patricia Adair Gowaty of the Uni- 
versity of Georgia, the organizer of the 
conference and a field biologist known for 
her groundbreaking studies of infidelity 
among supposedly monogamous birds, 
said she put Lhe meeting together because 
feminism and evolutionary theory were the 
two dominant intellectual themes in her 
life, and she wanted to try collating them 
in some way. 

“There’s’a pejorative meaning to the 
term feminist evolutionist-" she told the 
audience. “Some of you may fear that 
you’ll be seen as doing science in the inter- 
est of politics, rather than for science’s 


sake. My defense to that has always been. ] 
do science tor science’s sake, but being 
aware of the biases I have I believe makes 
me a better scientist." 

With few exceptions, the scientists did 
not come to denounce modem evolution- 
ary' biology. To the contrary, many ex- 
pressed a healthy respect for "the power or 
Darwinian thought as a framework for 
interpreting the behaviors and motivations 
of all creatures, including humans. They 
accepted that organisms inherit a complex 
nux of physical, behavioral and social 
characteristics, some of them useful for 
survival, others for attracting a mate, still 
others for nurturing offspring; and they 
believed it a noble goat to explore how and 
why a particular trait has evolved. 

Because most of the participants were 
both scientifically mainstream and open to 
feminism, there were few’ verbal fireworks 
at the meeting, no blistering charges of 
sexism or fascism, no buckets of water 
dumped on anybody's head (as happened 
during at (cast one highly politicized biolo- 
gy meeting in the past').’ 

Nevertheless, the scientists did de- 
nounce the ways in which evolutionary 
biology has been used against women. 
They criticized many of the comparisons 
that’ have been made between the beha- 
viors of humans and those of apes, lions, 
pigeons, scorpions or flies, comparisons 
that often .seemed to confirm stereotypes 
about femininity and masculinity. 

Dr. Zuleyma Tang-Martinez of the Uni- 
versity of Missouri pointed out that a num- 
ber of evolutionary biologists have sought 
to understand innate human tendencies by 
looking at gorillas and chimpanzees, where 
the males are dominant and quite aggres- 
sive toward females: but such researchers 
could as easily choose to look at other 
primates, like lemurs and bonobos. where 
male aggression toward females is low. 
“Why do we assume that male aggression 
is the primate norm, while nonaggression 
must be explained as the exception to the 
rule?" Dr. Tane-Mariinez asked. 


Fashions of Those Times 

The garments and accouterments of the 
5,300-year-old body found in the Alps 
suggest he wore the equivalent of LL. 
Bean cold-weather gear and was well 
equipped to pursue an outdoor life. His- 
layers of garments provided good 
insulation for feet, head and body: 
instead of a Swiss army knife, 
he had flint and copper tools 
and fire-starting equipment. 



High Stakes for Elusive Hormone 


By Gina Kolata 

We*- York Tunes Service 

N EW YORK — It was a race 
with stakes as high as they get 
in the beleaguered biotechnolo- 
gy industry. The clue was there 
to find an elusive blood-cell hormone, 
and the prize for Lhe company that got it 
first could be a patent for a billion- 
dollar-a-year drug. 

Last week, teams for two U. S. biotech- 
nology companies, reporting separately in 
the British science journal Nature, "de- 
scribed how they had managed to isolate 
the hormone, thrombopoietin, which set 
off the production of blood-clottiog cells. 

It is not yet clear which of the compa- 
nies, Genentech of South San Francisco 
or the ZymoGenetics Corp. of Seattle, 
will get the patent, or whether it will go 
to one of several other companies ru- 
mored to have found the hormone. 

Rebecca Eisenberg. a law professor at 
the University of Michigan, notes that 
the United States Patent Office will have 
to determine who was the first to invent 
the method of producing the hormone. 
That means deciding which company 
was the first to conceive of the idea and 
also which was the first actually to pro- 
duce the hormone. 

But the two companies, at least, 
showed how far they could push the tools 
of molecular biology to find one of the 
most potent substances ever known, so 
powerful that a mere millionth of a gram 
a day might be all that is needed to treat 
a patient. 


Thrombopoietin is the powerful hor- 
mone that Lhe body uses to direct the 
bone marrow to produce platelets, the 
disk-like cells that are necessary for 
blood to clot. Platelet production is a 
bizarre process, unlike anything else in 
the body, said Dr. Kenneth Kaushanskv. 
a hematologist at the University of 
Washington who is a member of tire 
ZymoGenetics team. 

It begins when a type of bone marrow 
cell, the megakaryocyte, swells until it is 
20 times the size of an ordinary red blotxl 
cell, growing so lane that it" could not 
possibly leave the bone marrow intact 
and enter the circulatory system. 

“In a last gasp." Dr. Kaushanskv said, 
the megakaryocyte splinters into pieces, 
throwing off pieces of its cytoplasm. 
Each of these pieces is a platelet and a 
single megakaryocyte can make 2.000 to 
3,000 platelets. Under certain circum- 
stances, however, people do not make 
platelets or they do not make nearly 
enough. Patients undergoing chemo- 
therapy or radiation for cancer, some 
people with AIDS, bone-marrow trans- 
plant patients and children with certain 
viral diseases all can have a severe short- 
age of platelets. 

Blood donors can provide platelets, 
which are transfused into a patient, but 
the patient becomes immunized to foreign 
platelets after only a few transfusions. 

One solution to the platelet problem 
would be to find the hormone that stimu- 
lates megakaryocytes, thus inducing pa- 
tients to make their own platelets. But 
researchers had searched for that hor- 


mone for 35 years to no avail, and some 
even speculated that it did not exisL 

The situation changed abruptly two 
years* ago when Dr. Fnmcoise Wendling 
of the Gustave Roussy Institute in Ville- 
juif. France, discovered a new receptor, a 
protein that protrudes from the surface 
of ceils and latches onto substances that 
fit it like a key in a lock. No one knew 
what it was a receptor for. so researchers 
called il an orphan receptor. 

UT from its molecular struc- 
ture. it looked as if it must be a 
growth factor receptor — 
something that makes cells 
grow. Of the 14 growth factor receptors 
LhaL have been identified, all have a par- 
ticular five-amino-acid sequence. This 
new receptor also had that sequence. 

Even more intriguing, the orphan re- 
ceptor was found on a tumor cell that 
could become either a red blood cell or a 
megakaryocyte. .Ail of a sudden, dozens 
of researchers all had the same idea. 
Maybe, they thought, this was a receptor 
for’ the mysterious tbrombopoieiin. 
Maybe they could use the receptor to 
latch onto the protein. 

ZymoGenetics decided to put 25 peo- 
ple on the project. Genentech’s research- 
ers. led by Dr. Dan Eaton, say it is a 
company secret when they began their 
work and how many scientists contribut- 
ed to the effort. 

According to one researcher, there 
were probably six or eight teams going 
after thrombopoietin. from drug compa- 
nies and academic laboratories. 



Bow 

An unfinished six- 
foot yew long bow 


Possibly sleevless, 
made of alternating 
strips of different 
colored deer skins. 


Birch hark 
container 


Leather belt 

Doubled as a waist 
pouch: held a flint 
scraper, flint awl, small 
flint flake and fungus 
used as tinder. 


Leather ' 
loincloth 




SSI 

ggg-t - 


.. 



m 


1 



• ' •" 7 \ - \ V- 

: j. •. ' 5 

. ... „ 


: «S3- 






mmdtrkro by MEdkad RoAmo/TV J«nr Y«k TidUi' 


In Iceman’s Outfit, Cultural Clues 


Go-Ahead Likely on Euro Collider 


By Barry James 

huemotioruil HeruIJ Tribune 

UROPEAN countries are expect- 
ed to give the go-ahead (his week 
for a 21st-century machine to 
probe the origin of the universe. 

The United States is considering wheth- 
er to seek a role in the project, following its 
decision last year to scrap the $10 billion 
Superconducting Super Collider in Texas. 

The 19 member countries or the Europe- 
an Particle Physics Laboratory, known as 
CERN from its French initials, will meet 
Friday in Geneva, and officials said they 
are virtually certain to approve the build- 
ing of a particle accelerator known as the 
Large Hadron Collider. 

Hadrons are heavy subatomic particles, 
in this case protons." 

Because it will be built in a 27-kticmeier 
(16-mile) tunnel housing an existing elec- 
tron-positron collider near Geneva, the 
European instrument will cost less than 
the American project — an estimated 2.7 
billion Swiss francs ($2 billion) over Lhe 
next decade. 

By accelerating protons to nearly the 


speed of light and then smashing them, 
together in the heart of complex detectors, 
researchers will create the enormous tem- 
peratures Ural existed a fraction of a sec- 
ond after the “big bang,” when the uni- 
verse, according to scientists at CERN. is 
believed to bave been as small as the head 
of a pin. 

Scientists studying the debris as the pro- 
tons fly apart into the fundamental forces 
or nature will be seeking the answer to 
these two questions: What is the origin of 
mass? What is the universe made of? 

No one knows the future economic val- 
ue of such research. But some scientists say 
that it could eventually be vital to mankind 
as knowledge of electromagnetism is to- 
day. 

A committee of the High Energy Physics 
Advisory Panel in the United States’ rec- 
ommended last month American invest- 
ment of up to $400 million in the European 
project. This would give U. S. scientists a 
say in the design and development of the 
collider. The recommendation is now with 
the U. S. Department of Energy, which is 
expected to forward it to Congress next 
month. 


About 500 .American physicists already 
work on the electron-positron collider. 
This could be substantially more when the 
hadron collider comes into operation, 
since it will attract many or the scientists 
who had expected to work on the Texas 
project. Russia. Japan and Canada are 
among other countries that could join the 
hadron collider project. 

To prevent whirling protons from flying 
away, the collider will need more ihan 
LOOT superconducting magnets, exerting a 
500-ton force on each meter of tunnel. 
Scientists hope the proton collisions will 
produce enough energy to propel physics 
into a new level or understanding. 

They hope, for example, to catch a 
glimpse of a theoretical particle called the 
Higgs's boson, which could explain the 
mysterious mechanism that gives each 
family of panicles a specific mass — or in 
the case of neutrinos, no mass at all. 

The machine also could provide clues 
about the hidden “dark matter" thought to 
comprise 90 percent or the universe. One 
theory arising from research on the elec- 
tron-positron collider is that the substance 
is formed of a new family of so-called 
supersymmetrical particles. 



CALLING ONE FOREIGN COUNTRY 

FROM ANOTHER I S N O 

SECRET 

WITH THESE SIMPLE ACCESS 

CODES. 


COUNTRIES 

ACCESS NUMBER5 

AFRICA 



iTt-j 1. 

South alrlar * 

0406- 99-0001 

AMERICAS 

• ui tv- •” : 1 

F- ■ i‘ ■ 

v ■■ 

c- * 1 r >• 1 « 1 



0 .W 1 ..i: 

K -.1 

'il: 

Canada - 

1460-6774000 

Chile 

00*0317 

Colombia - Engliih 

980-130-010 

Colombia - Spaniih 

980-130-110 

-• •• • A 

:JI r^l. 



Nicaragua 

161 

A • 

iief. i;-axi 

Puerto Rke - 

1406477-8000 

USA - 

14004774000 

U.S. Virgin lilandl - 

1-8004774000 


WSMI' 

■■ ■ -.V < • •< '• 

fitu MM2 


-Xv rn; 1 


By John Noble Wiiford 

New York Tima Service 

EW YORK — Still no one knows 
who he was or what be was doing 
high in the Tyrolean Alps that 
day 5,300 years ago, the day he 
died. No one can be sure of the quirks of 
nature that somehow mummified the 
corpse, then entombed it in a glacier and 
preserved it and his possessions so long in 
a semblance of a life only lately departed. 

But scientists are now certain of one 
thing about the naturally mummified Al- 
pine Iceman, whom hikers discovered in 
September 1991 in the melting ice on the 
Austrian- Italian border at an elevation of 
10,530 feet (3,210 meters): In the first 
genetic analysis of the body, they deter- 
mined that he was European bom and 
bred, closely related to modern northern 
and alpine Europeans. 

Scientists said this finding should lay to 
rest lingering suspicions of a hoax. An inter- 
national research team, writing in the jour- 
nal Science, said Lhe genetic findings made 
“the possibility of fraud highly unlikely." 

Among the most recent results of their 
research is a descriptive inventory of al- 
pine fashions in those remote times. Scien- 
tists may not be able to account for the 
man's presence on the mountain crest — 
was he a farmer, hunter, trader, prospec- 
tor, village outcast or. more probably, a 
shepherd? — but they know what he was 
wearing, down to his underwear. 

Much of the reconstruction of his appar- 
el from the seven preserved articles of 
clothing has been conducted by Dr. Mar- 
kus Egg, an archaeologist at the Rom an - 
Germanic Central Museum in Mainz, Ger- 
many. The results were reported in detail 
by Dr. Konrad Spindler in a new book. 


COUNTRIES ACCESS NUMBERS 


“The Man in the Ice,'* translated into Eng- 
lish and published early this year in Lon- 
don by Weidenfeld St Nicholson. 

Dr. Spindler, an archaeologist at the 
University of Innsbruck in Austria, is di- 
recting (he international team of 147 scien- 
tists investigating the Iceman. A summary 
and assessment of the clothing studies was 
included in a comprehensive review of all 
the research published recently in the Brit- 
ish journal Antiquity by Dr. Lawrence 
Barfield, an archaeologist at the University 
of Bir m ingham in England. 

The Iceman was probably in his late 20s 
or early 30s and was 5 feet 2 inches (1.57 
meters) tall, and in one respect, he would 
have been right in step with modern styles. 
He wore a leather waist pouch, not unlik e 
today’s popular “fanny packs." 

His foundation garment was a leather 
belt that included this pouch, into which 
he had stuffed a sharpened flint scraper or 
knife, a flint awl, a small flint flake and a 
dark mass of organic materia] probably 
intended for use as tinder in fire-making. 

The belt held up a leather loincloth, and 
leggings made of animal skin had b«n" 
attached to it by suspended leather strips 
serving as garters. For his upper torso he 
had a jacket, possibly sleeveless, made 
from alternating strips of different colored 
deerskin. 

Completing his ensemble was an outer 
cape of woven grasses or reeds of a type 
that. Dr. Barfield said, was still used in the 
Alps up to the beginning or this century. A 
conical cap. made with the fur on "the 
inside, was originally fastened below his 
chin with a strap. His feet were protected 
from the cold by much-repaired shoes of 
calfskin filled with grasses for insulation. 

Although much of the Iceman's equip- 


meat was described soon after the discpy^ 'HA 
eiy, the list of 20 different items is.nqw-T^fr." 1 
more definitive. “It is con temp or ar)y. 777 
mountain survival kit and more,” Dr. Ba^V- : 7 
field wrote. ' 

With the Iceman was an unfinished sntA.A- ; 
foot long bow made erf yew. Why he wouM"/? c/ 
be on such a journey without a serviceabfei^fA 
bow is one of the many puzzles. A qtav&iT-t 5 
made of animal skin contained 14 brolo& TH^ 
or otherwise unserviceable arrows 
buraum and dogwood, two with flint 
and some with feather Oetdrine. * ’ 


and some with feather fietching. . * 

Other contents of the quiver include^-" 
two sinew, perhaps Achates’ tendons cflafejK 
large animal, that probably were for the, A-* 
bowstring: a line made from tree fiberifa 
bundle of bone points wrapped in a leather f ^" L 


thon^, and a curved antler point, perhap^^T 

ORE of his belongings included:'!? • ‘ - 
a frame made of hazeiand skus^? u 
presumably a rucksack, and v^oL' 
sewn birebbark containers thktT,' ^ 
from the blackened interior; and mam frA-A: 
leaves, may have been used for canym&v., * 
embers for fire at the next campsite. - 
There were also more Dint tods ’aS^^T 
knives, a fragment of string net possibly f CrtTr-' : 
capturing birds and two pieces of 
fungus threaded onto a leather thong. 
coidd have been a folk antibiotic, a 
prehistoric pemcfflm, Dr. Barfield observed^; " 
The Iceman also had with him a roppefe v 
ax with a yew haft and leather bindiiiguA&' :;A 
^ I was .thought to be bron&T» _ 
which would have indicated the man"Iived' : - r 
more periiapsTioriy^V 

*♦.000 years ago. Radiocarbon datnur ofHv.- 
plant remains and o ther raaterial fcK^^ - 
put the date at between 5,100 and-5J0d^ :: ’ 
years ago. . 


ASIA 

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Everything. 

The names, of course. And that’s a symbol of a fundamental 

change. Fortis was created by its parent companies - N.V. AMEV 
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f/ortis ftMEV 


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3584 BA Utrecht, the Netherlands. 













^51505 SPJ?J?25S!P?SP«^ &»•**> 




■oilll TT 9 

nil ^apan ! 


By Paul B1 us Lein 

WuihiHfiiPn P"ti Senue 

TOKYO — Just as evidence mounts 
that Japan's three-year recession is ending, 
a sudden bout of endaka — the strong yen 
— aroused fears Wednesday that the na- 
scent recovery may stall. 

The plunge in the dollar, which sank 
briefly this week to a record low of 99.S5 
yen, sparked alarm among government of- 
ficials and business leaders that Japanese 
goods will suffer a further loss of competi- 
tiveness on world markets when the econo- 
my has ust begun to build a head of steam. 

The Keidanren, Japan's leading big- 
business organization, warned Wednesday 
that if the yen remains near the 100-per"- 


dollar level f*. *r a fuli year, the economy 
will contract again in 1^94. 

' And Takeshi Nagano, president of the 
Japan Federation of Employers Associa- 
tions. or Nikkeiren. declared: "The abnor- 
mally strong yen will not only damage the 
Japanese economy, which has been gradu- 
ally recovering but bring about the col- 
lapse of manufacturers in the country." 

While most analysis consider such rhet- 
oric overblown, the latest surge in the yen 
has thrown a damper on the optimism that 
had been spreading in recent weeks as a 
number of economic indicators turned 

positive. 

On Tuesday, the government reported 
that the economy grew at an unexpectedly 


healthy annual rate of 3.9 percent adjust- 
ed for inflation, in die quarter ended 
March 31. 


The Tokyo stock market lasL week was 
trading near its highest level in two years, 
and a recent Bank of Japan survey showed- 
corporate sentiment finally starting to im- 
prove. 

Such evidence seemed to confirm wide 
forecasts lhai a recovery, albeit a weak 
one. is under wav. 


But (he slide in the dollar against most 
major currencies has raised the prospect of 
a repeat in Iasi year’s economic perfor- 
mance. when endaka helped kill off a bud- 
ding rebound. The stronger the yen, the 


more expensive Japanese products become 
vis-A-vis foreign goods. 

Tokyo stock prices have tumbled all 
three days this week, losing 4.3 percent of 
their value. The Nikkei index of 225 shares 
closed Wednesday at 20,581.32. 

Meanwhile, the auto iodusuy, led by 
Tatsuro Toyoda, chairman of Toyota Mo- 
tor Corp., implored the government on 
Wednesday to reverse the yen's ascent lest 
Japan's highly literate consumers, who pay 
close attention to the yen's fluctuations, 
lose their newfound urge to spend 

‘‘Excessive strength of the yen could 
dampen burgeoning recovery in auto 
sales,” Mr. Toyoda said after a meeting al 
the Ministry of International Trade and 
Industry, according to Kyodo news ser- 
vice. 

Many analysts believe the economy to 


be on a fairiy solid footing even though the 
rising yen wU undoubtedly hurt. 

“tb t yen strengthened from about 130 
in early 1992 to around 105 as of a couple 
of weeks ago. and during that proems we 

saw the economy start to recover because 

of stimulus measures and other factors, 
said Robert Feldman, chief ecooocustat 
the Tokyo office of Salomon Brothers. 00 .. 
I don’t think a move of a couple of yen 
more is going to make that much differ- 
ence." 

Others, however, contend that the busi- 
ness leaders’ fears are justified, and that; 
■while U.S. and Japanese monetary au- 
thorities may have been able to brake the . 
dollar’s slide at the 100 yen level in the past 
by buying dollars, they will probably and 
that task more difficult in coming days and 
weeks. . • .... 

“If it were not for the. Bank of. Japan 


-V- . 




ago ’ 

iaarketrale.’’ £gS«!B 

mist at Nomura Research 
Japan’s trade surplus, which bus 
S130 bfflioa on an annual baas,. 
Shugefor^erbrese^to^'tog 
log upward prcssure on K*w£ 

contended.- . ■ .-'.v 5.: "* ' ■. 

New that the dollar 

the 100 yen bamet, 

important myth ^ -I**? 1 

Japanese officials are tr ymg to ^ igqncgt 
traders that the bearish seata^m'Oo:^' 
dollar isunfoanded. . > -V 
.. prime Minister Tsufcw 
Wednesday that -the recent 
ieacy markets have been ^ectifenfe^, 
and fikdy to be reversed. 










ItCooDi^i 


COOPERS & LYBRAND 




PAR’S 


nesicscii % izzzmm 

IVaaasIat^r 

Eragaish./’F 'rsenc h 


iqu vvjll act as second m command 
to ibe Manager of our Tronsiotten 
Depariemem The wort-, ts '.an-fd 
and challenging. and requires 0 
detailed knowledge of finance and 
accounting. As v.ett as transiting 
annual reports ottering circulars, 
due diligence repods and consulting 
reports vou -.'.ill be responsible 
fer reviewing the work of ainer 
members of Ihe team and providing 
on ihe job training 
English is your moiher tongue ana 
you spsah French fluent; German 
wouid be an adventaae 


icu v iiJ have ijr uas; three /ears' 
rvoenencs o<‘ audit v.itn an 
inJerr.c'.M'oa! firm or acMuraams. 

Pius Ci" 'ecs: v.-o /ears ii -imitation 
e-penenw or at least si- yea's 
e rerie-nce irnonaa 1 iranslOlioii 
rou jii tie aui$ *ie*ibl“ ana 
cicac-lr 0 ; fai :ng ifniioices 
The po jii'Oii is based in Pans 
Salary in aepend on me candidate's 
duo 1 used! tons 


CHEMUNEX ^ 


obify to wrfe 


■pi 


mtss R&D 

Group Leader 


EOS 


e 






35-40 vears of age. with a PhD. vou have al least 5 years' experience of Product 
Development in either molecular biology or microbiology . acquired for example as R&D 
head of a pharmaceutical or cosmetics research laboratory. 

I on r aim is to develop, with the support of a capable team, nevi applications 
in micnbiologv tor our new automatic instrumentation in dose co-operation with the 
marketing and production departments as well as international public or private research 
institutions. 

Our plus points are :• a responsible position and interesting career development within 
an expanding company • a stimulating work environment where initiative and an 
understanding of company objectives are important. , 

\ For this position based in Paris area, please send your application to MERCURl LWAL, A 
•V avenue Victor Hugo. 93563 Rueil Malmaison Cede*. France W 

quoting reference ob.l 308/H T on vour accompanying letter and envelope. 


translation agencY_ 

seals HffiANOE IMMStATOBS 
lAover fte worn 
flea* lufucL ALPHA INTS, 
89. roe lalcA. 75008 tai 


Mrv v y ,*x* 


EseamvE - 
POSITIONS AVAILABLE 




SALES WRBB4IAJTVE WANTS 
lalerraiiond Trade Group' - raq u p w 
sene perun to represen t each country. 


[P it :m 

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You tw be tfv any jabs rep ■ your 
axrtry. Laddnq far reps in Swtetrfand, 
Scotoid, Ireland, Canady Auafera, 
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U375m FAJT repines tor' " 


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.32 .Li“ * >.itii* :r.i ' 7-0 i 7 F’AFIS 



Mercuri Urvaj)| 





GENERAL POSITIONS 
WANTED 


CLINIQUE 


Cel important groupe pharmaceutique ren force ses structures a I International et recherche 

^ Le premier pci»te Ls v 


.nager 


Middle East ^ 

Clinique is seeking a Regional Education Manager for 
the Middle East. 

Based in Dubai, applicant will be responsible to 
prepare, conduct and monitor training of Chnique 
Consultants in the entire area. 

Other responsibilities wilt include the coordination or 
special events and new counter openings, and require 
close cooperation with Distributor sales teams The 
incumbent will be required to travel e> ten sue t. 
throughout the region. 

The ideal candidate will possess at least tv.e years of 
relevant work experience in instructing ot lers He also 
will bring a strong retail sales background :n either 
cosmetics or luxury go-3ds. 

A College/University degree is preferable, and both 
written and verbal fluency in English are required, 
fluency in Arabic is a plus. 

For confidential consideration, please send jour 
curriculum viue with salary history to : 


Mme Brigifte Audoly, CLINIQUE 
1 7, rue du Faubourg 5ain! Honore, 
75Q0R PARIS. FRANCE 
or fat In 1 33 11-17 42 ?« 17 


exoort 


En relation etroite avec les 
distributees ou licencies. 
Us seront responsab/es du 
devetoppement des rentes. 
Dans ce cadre , Us coor- 
donneront les aclivites 
de plusieurs chefs de zone 
ainsi que du personnel 
delocalise et partidperont a 
la definition de la stralegie 
par pa vs ou region. 


Le premier po,te 
conceme la zone Europe 
er s‘adres>e a un candidjt 
jgc d'a u mom* 35 um>. 
de fnrmaiion superieure 
commerciale. Special isre 
des vcnle.\ de pn Aiuiu 
piiarmaceuliques ;i 
I 'internal ionaJ. ion 
experience de 5 ans 
minimum dans unc 
loner ion similaJre lui 
permet de bien 
connaiire eerie zone. 

II niailrisc le francaii. 

I' anglai> er .si possible 
I'allemaiid. iref ?92HE. 


Le second pv.isie conceme 
le reste du monde ihnrs 
Europe i et s udres.se j 
un candidal d’au iiku'r.s 
3<i ans. de t'omiatiurr 
superieure conimerciale. 
Son experience dc 3 tins 
dan> le «ecteur 
pharmaceutique fa 
tanriltari.se avec les zones 
Moyen-Orienl. Asic 
t-uou Anierique Laiine. 
il mailrise le franipiis. 
I’anglai&ei idealemem 
Pespaunul. < relJ592HM r 
Ces deux pastes sunt bases 
dans le Sud de la France. 



J^iPi 


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en preefcant sur I'enveloppe la reference du posrc 
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THE THIS INDEX 110 . 

kastsss 

oy Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1, 1992 = 100 
120 


110 

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90 “* * " • K* , -1...L^>. .L. t I.:i.^iWV«..t-, ^ -A. 

J F M A M J 

■ I*® 1994 


Asia/Pactfic 


Approx. wetgMBQ; 32% 
Close: 129.H5 Ptbvj 131.44 


150 


Approx. weig»«tog; 37% 
CtoBK I09.7D Prwj 10&06 



J F M A 

M J 

J F M A 

M J 

1893 

1994 

1993 

1994 

1 North America 


Latin America 


Approx weighting: 26% 
Close: 92.45 Ptev- 92.15 

1 

n 

Approx, vdghpflg: 5% 

110.40 

mm 



The Max hacks U.S. dollar values ot stacks to Tokyo, New York, London, and 
AigandM. AustraHe, Austria, Botjpum, Brad. Canada, difle, Demnaik, Finland, 
Ranee, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Mexico. Netherlands, Now Zealand, Norway, 
Singapore, Spain, Swedan, Sw lt znrt a n d and Venezuela. For Tokyo. New York and 
London, the Index to composed of On 20 top issues In terns at market capdaBzabon, 
otherwise the ton top stocks am becked 



1 industrial Sectors | 



me. Pm. % 

doer dm stage 


M. 

dm 

hn 

dm 

4 

«tonge 

: ;r- 

Energy 

109.19 108.50 +0£4 

C^U Goode 

111.41 

111.75 

-0.30 


UHte 

115.35 115.18 40.15 

mnrHatenus 

124.18 

12358 

40.49 

• - '• . 

finance 

114.88 115.48 -052 

Cooatener Goods 

9751 

97.64 

-0.13 


Services 

115.02 114.70 40.28 

NeceBaneous 

122.18 

122.31 

-0.11 

•-* ;-<c. 3#t» ~ 

For nminfofm&ion about the Index, a tx/oktt Is availatiiB free ol charge. 

Wrib to Ttjb Index, 181 Avenue Charles de GeuHe. 92521 NeuSyCedex, France. 


Cash-Rich Taiwan Now Seeks Economic Influence 


By Kevin Murphy 

International Herald Tribune 

TAIPEI — Having amassed $87 bil- 
lion In foreign reserves within a few 
decades, the world’s second-largest 
hoard of hard currency, Taiwan's na- 
tional piggy bank is the envy of econo- 
mies everywhere. 

But the time has come to liberalize 
Taiwan’s influential financial system 
and put those massive funds to belter, 
more potent use. according to the 
country’s new central bank chief, Li- 
ang Kuo-shu. 

In an interview, Mr. Liang, 63, out- 
lined an array of policy changes that 
mark a turning point in official think- 
ing as an increasingly democratic Tai- 
wan seeks a higher profile in interna- 
tional affairs and greater economic 
clout in Asia. 


His comments reflect that a prag- 
matic generation of senior officials, 
like Mr. Liang himse lf, will now at- 
tempt to turn Taipei’s accumulated- 
wealth toward serving an ambitious 
agenda that includes emerging from 
China's large shadow. 

“This money can be utilized if it is 
helpful to restructure the economy and 
upgrade our technology," said Mr. Li- 
ang, recently appointed governor of 
the Central Bank of China one of 
Taiwan’s most powerful jobs. 

“We already designated $10 billion 
that can be used," he said, adding: 
“This can be increased.” Notably. Mr. 
Liang says that more should be done to 
help Taiwan businesses expand over- 
seas. They have become a major in- 
vestment force throughout Asia in re- 
cent years. 


More flexibility on the ultimate use 
for funds hard-won by Taiwan in 
building a manufacturing powerhouse, 
and the world’s 14th-Iaigest trading 
economy is typical of the changes 

bankers and analysts anticipate during 
Mr. Liang’s tenure. 

In contrast to Ms predecessor, Sam- 
uel Shi eh, Mr, Liang appears sanguine 
about the danger posed to his coun- 
try’s monetary stability by large, large- 
ly unauthorized Taiwan investment in 
mainland China. 

“Tliis kind of trend cannot be 
slopped by the government interfer- 
ence. Of course, we must make it clear 
what kind of risks investors face in 
China,” Mr. Liang said. “We are not 
encouraging them, but with more lib- 
eralization being carried out, we can- 
not stop them.” 


Previously an outspoken chairman 
of government-owned Chiao Tung 
Bank, a professor and a senior policy 
adviser, Mr. Liang also pledged to 
bring as many changes to Taiwan’s 
restrictive financial system as possible 
“without affecting macrostabUity.” 

“There is a great deal of talk about 
developing Taipei as a regional finan- 
cial center," he said. “This has been a 
government target or slogan for many 
years, but we need to do more now. 
Talk alone will not create confidence 
that we are quite serious about this.” 

Because of its fear of interference by 
China and its dependence on exports 
for growth and development, Taiwan 
has traditionally maintained a finan- 
cial regime far more conservative than 
many of its neighbors and has careful- 
ly squirreled away its foreign reserves. 


As part of its bid to join the General 
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and 
shift its economy away from labor- 
intensive manufacturing, Taiwan has 
given new importance to opening its 
economy. Financial liberalization will 
be the key to Taiwan’s new assertive- 
ness. 

“Taiwan today wants its voice to t** 
beard. It wants to be a player, and h 
knows the thing to back i'l up is its 
financial strength,” said Carl Chien. a 
Taiwan-born banker and director with 
Brown Brothers Harriman (Hong 
Kong) Ltd. ' - ; 

“At this critical point in Taiwatfs 
financial liberalization, Mr. Liang” Js 
definitely the right man Iot the job;.he 
has the academic background and real 
See TAIWAN, Page 13 


3i Initial Offering 
Is Snapped Up Fast 


O International Herald Trfeuoo. 


Compded by Our Staff From Dispatches 

LONDON — In one of the 
biggest initial share sales on the 
London Stock Exchange this de- 
cade, 3i Group PLC sold shares 
"Wednesday that value Europe's 
biggest venture capital company 
at £1.58 trillion ($2 billion). 

After a huge marketing cam- 
paign, 3i priced the issue at 272 
pence a share, a 13.5 percent 
discount to net assets of 314.4 
pence. 

The flotation catapulted 3i to 
a place among Britain’s top 
companies, giving it a market 
capitalization rivaling that of 
Asda Group PLC, NFC PLC 
and S.G. Warburg Group PLC. 

Both institutional investors 
and individuals oversubscribed 
the offering, prompting 3i's 
owners — until now the Bank of 
England and six leading British 
banks — to sell 45 percent of 
the company rather than 40 
percent as planned. 

In all, 3i — whose unusual 
name is based on its old appel- 
lation, Investors in Industry — 
sold 261.6 million shares, for 
the first time enabling people to 
invest in the 3,400 small, unlist- 
ed European companies that 3i 
finances. Shares in 3i will start 


trading on the London Stock 
Exchange oo July 18. 

Analysts said 3i was a good 
buy. as long as investors were 
not expecting a quick rise in the 
price. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg) 

■ Eurotunnel Shares Gain 

Shares of Eurotunnel rallied 1 
in Paris and London on 
Wednesday as its £816 million 
rights issue came to a close, 
Bloomberg Business News re- 
ported from Paris. 

The stock in the Channel tun- 
nel concern had fallen steadily 
since the recapitalization was 
announced on May 26, raising 
the possibility that banks and 
construction companies back- 
ing the sale would have to step 
in to ensure that the project's 
financial lifeline was not cut. 

Eurotunnel PLC closed in 
London at £2.81, up 2 pence 
from Tuesday, while Eurotun- 
nel SA dosed in Paris at 25 
French francs (S4.56), up 1.15. 

A Eurotunnel spokeswoman 
said the company expected to 
be more able to judge ihe suc- 
cess of the rights issue on 
Thursday. 


Singapore Air Makes $10 Billion Buy 


By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — Taking advantage of 
a depressed aircraft market to lock man- 
ufacturers into low prices, Singapore 
Airlines said Wednesday that it had or- 
dered 52 airliners worth $103 billion, 
splitting the huge purchase between 
Boeing Co. of the United States and 
Europe's Airbus Industrie. 

The order, the largest ever by the air- 
line, “is an expression of our faith in the 
long-term health of the aviation industry 
and Lhe promising future of SIA,” said 
Cheong Cboong Kong, the company’s 
managing director. 

The purchase includes 11 long-range 
Boeing 747-400s, with an option for 1 1 
more, and 10 extended-range Airbus 
A340-30DE’s, with an option for 20 
more. 

Although the orders were expected, 
they present an enormous boon for both 
Boeing and Airbus in a weak market 
where cancellations have been many and 
firm orders few. 

Singapore Airlines said that it had the 
flexibility to convert its options with 
both manufacturers to shorter-range air- 
craft for use mainly on routes in the 
Asia-Pacific region, where traffic has 
been growing faster than any other re- 
gion of the world in recent years. 


In the case of Boeing, the conversion 
would be to any one of three B-777 
models; and for Airbus, to A-330s or A- 
340-200S. 

The new Singapore Airlines deal with 
the world’s two leading airframe makers 
supersedes options to buy placed with 
them by the company several years ago, 
when sale prices were considerably high- 
er in a buoyant market, for 15 Boeing 
747-400s and 13 A-340s. 

J. Y. Pfflay, Singapore Airlines’ chair- 
man. said that by “in effect” canceling 
the previous options and having the two 
manufacturers bid competitively for a 
large order, the airline had gained “sub- 
stantial discounts” in prices. 

He said that the competition between 
Boeing and Airbus for the new options 
order was “still wide open.” 

Airbus said the order for A-340s, in 
addition to seven outstanding orders, 
made Singapore Airlines the largest cus- 
tomer for its year-old four-engine air- 
craft 

The third wide-body plane maker, 
Douglas Aircraft Co. of the United 
Stales, a unit of McDonnell Douglas 
Corp., was not invited to bid for the 
latest Singapore Airlines order. 

In 1991, Singapore Airlines canceled a 


plan to buy 20 McDonnell Douglas MD- 
11 aircraft for S3.1 billion, saying that 
the plane bad failed to meet a long-haul 
payload demand set by the airline. 

Singapore Airlines announced that in- 
stead it was placing a firm order for 
seven Airbus 340- 300s and options for 1 3 
more, worth $3.4 billion. 

Singapore Airlines said Wednesday 
that assuming all options were taken up, 
it would have a fleet of 1 1 1 planes by 
2003, up from 63 at present. 

Such a fleet would consist of Boeing 
747-400s, A-340-400s. A3l0-300s and 
“possibly a fourth aircraft type to be 
introduced for regional operations," the 
company said. 

“This is countercyclical buying when 
the manufacturers are at their most vul- ; 
nerable,” said Colin Gibson, publisher 
and executive editor of Asian Aviation 
magazine. “SIA has taken advantage of 
the weak market to lock in low prices." 

During the recession in the global avi- 
ation industry in the past few years. 
Singapore Airlines was one of the few 
carriers to remain profitable. 

But its profit slipped in the past two 
years, with group net earnings down 5.8 
percent to 801 million Singapore dollars 
($525 million) in the year to March. 


Vietnam Drills for Oil in Block Claimed by China 


INTERNATIONAL MANAGER 


Nestle Struggles to Pump Up Perrier 


By Jacques Neher 

International Herald Tribune 

P ARIS — Two years after captur- 
ing Perrier in a bluer takeover 
battle, Nesttt SA is still strug- 
gling to restore sparkle to the 
brand, tainted by a worldwide product 
recall in 1990 after traces of benzene 
were discovered in the water. 

Although it is still one of the world's 
most recognized brands, Perrier, in its 
distinctive green bowling-pin bottle, has 
not been able to recover customers lost 
after the recall, particularly in the United 
States, where it was the yuppie drink of 
preference during the ’80s. 

Nesdfc, which bested Italy’s Agnelli 
family by bidding 153 billion French 
francs ($3 billion) for Source Perrier SA, 
is pursuing plans to lay off 600 workers 
in Vergezc, in the south of France. The 
bottling plant is operating at less than, 
half its 1.6 billion bottie-per-year capaci- 
ty while it works down several months of 
unsold stocks. Sales in 1993 were flat at 
around 13 bfflion francs. 

The problem, contends Serge Mil- 
hand, head of the company’s Paris-based 
mineral water division, Nestlfe Sources 
International, is one of trends and com- 
petition rather than the lingering effects 
of the recall, ordered after traces of ben- 
zene, a cancer-causing agent, were de- 
tected in UJ3. laboratory tests. At the 
rimp con taminat ion was blamed on a 
filter that had not been replaced at the 
bottling plant. 

“Perrier was too much a product of 
fralwm and status, a drink for the golden 


boys and yuppies. Thai epoch is over,” 
Mr. Milhaud said, adding that since the 
recall, store shelves and restaurants have 
been flooded with a variety of “New 
Age” beverages such as flavored teas, 
exotic fruit juices and clear colas. 
“Though still the leading sparkling wa- 
ter, Perrier now is one of 700 brands on 

the market.” 

While analysts agree, they also suggest 
the product recall has played — and 
continues to play — a significant role in 
the brand’s failure to txnmce back. The 
recall, they said, put doubt in consumers* 



Source: Beverage Marketing Carp. 


•grinds about the “purity” of the water — 
one of its primary selling points. 

“I don’t think the product will ever be 
able to get its former sales back,” said 
Edouard de Boisgdin, analyst with Mer- 
rifl Lyncb in London. “In the United 


States, consumers have a long memory.'’ 

In 1993, Perrier brand sales in the 
United States came to $59 million, a 
slight increase over 1992 but still a shad- 
ow of the $118 million generated by the 
brand in 1988. The U.S. market accounts 
for about 20 percent of the brand's 
worldwide sales. 

Mr. Milhaud agrees that the American 
market remains a question mark for the 
brand and says that he has not yet come 
to any decision about the wisdom of 
attempting a major product relaunch. 
But be is dabbling with some approach- 
es. This spring, for example, the compa- 
ny is testing a “designer” image hy sup- 
plying restaurants with bottles decorated 
with original contemporary an designs. 

In France, Perrier has suffered not 
from the recall but from a suing of cool 
summers and a recession, which caused 
consumers to switch to much cheaper 
store brands. To pull it out of the slump. 
Nestlfe will be spending 75 million francs 
this summer on a sure-io-be-noticed 
French ad campaign that associates vio- 
lent images with “the violence of a Perri- 
er.” 

In the meantime. Nestife is trying to 
boost sales in marked unaware of or 
unconcerned about the recall, in particu- 
lar Hong Kong. Singapore and Thailand. 

Despite its problems in turning 
around Perrier, Nestle’s thirst for the 
bottled water business remains un- 
quenched. In fact, that brand now repre- 
sents only 10 percent of Nestle's entire 
water business, which in 1993 dispensed 

See PERRIER, Page 12 


International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE — In a new 
escalation of a dispute that 
could cause serious instability 
in Southeast Asia, Vietnam has 
started drilling for oil in a sec- 
tion of the South China Sea thar 
China plans to develop this 
year, oil company executives 
and industry analysts said 
Wednesday. 

By sending its drilling rig into 
an area already awarded by 
Beijing to an American compa- 
ny, Crestonc Energy Corp. of 
Denver, Vietnam may prompt 
China to take retaliatory action. 

Analysts said such action 
could include sending a Chinese 
oil exploration vessel under 
Chinese naval escort to drill in 
an adjacent section of the South 
China Sea awarded by Vietnam 
to a group of Western and Japa- 
nese companies led by Mobil 
Corp. of the United States. 

Beijing last month called the 
Mobil contract illegal, saying it 


encroached on China’s sover- 
eignty. 

While neither Vietnam nor 
China has specifically con- 
firmed the presence of the Viet- 
namese rig in the 25,155- 
square-kilometer (5.076- 
square-mile) C restone contract 
area, strongly worded state- 
ments by China last Thursday 
and Vietnam on Friday indicate 
that a serious conflict is brew- 
ing. 

Shen Guofang, spokesman 
for the Chinese Foreign Minis- 
try in Beijing, said that actions 
of the Vietnamese government 
had placed in jeopardy a con- 
tract between the China Na- 
tional Offshore Oil Corp. and 
Crestone to develop a block 
near the disputed Spratly Is- 
lands in the South China Sea. 

He said the Chinese govern- 
ment “demands that the Viet- 
namese government, proceed- 
ing from the overall interests of 
maintaining and developing bi- 


lateral relations and preserving 
peace and stability in that re- 
gion.” stop its “acts of infring- 
ing on China’s sovereignty." 

Oil company executives re- 
cently in Vietnam said Wednes- 
day that a rig belonging to Vict- 
sovpetro, a unit of the 
Vietnamese state oil company, 
Petro Vietnam, was working on 
the Vanguard Bank, a relatively 
shallow part in the southwest 
comer of the Crestone block. 

They said the rig was either 
drilling for oil or for rock sam- 
ples as a prelude to future oil 

d rilling 

Crestone recently announced 
that it had completed seismic 
survey work in its contract area 
and would begin drilling late 
this year or early in 1995. 

An oil discovery about 120 
kilometers off Vietnam's south- 
ern coast that was announced 
Monday by Mitsubishi Oil Co. 
of Japan has highlighted the po- 


tential for finding oil and gas in 
the South China Sea. • . 

According to Mitsubishi. * 
tests indicate that the find could : 
become one of Southeast Asia's J 
most productive fields. 

Both Vietnam and China , 
need to increase their oil and * 
gas reserves to fuel ambitious 
economic reform programs and r 
earn export income. i 

Vietnam calls the area in * 
which the Crestone block is lo- ' 
cated the Tu Chinh region and J 
asserts that it is an integral part 
of Vietnam’s economic zone 
and continental shelf. B 

in a statement Friday, the 
Vietnamese Foreign Ministry in 
Hanoi said that Vietnam often ” 
“conducts normal activities for t 
exploration and exploilation-of i 
natural resources in the Tu t 
Otinh region, and that is folly g 
in line with international law." ' r 
— MICHAEL RICHARDSON . 


Fidelity Admits Giving 
Wrong Fund Prices 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


Grots Rates 

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wws SLS toss 

u» usm — 
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June 22 

peseta 

tje- 


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D-Mark 

Swiss 

Franc 

Sterling 

French 

Franc 

Yen 

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Oates cffpflcebto to Interbank Deposits ot sj mllHon mbumom (or equivalent ). 


Kay M one y Rates 


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msMK U473 13*02 1J® 

.. rimiimniTlr indosuex Bank (BrvsaebH Banco Oemmerdota ttaOana 

m*w; *»» w « 

{Toronto} f tM? (SDH). Other data from Reuters and AP. 


4-raoaiti iatertnmk 
ItojrearWwMiHiHill 
fia ilium 


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frmaeah udettato 
10-year Band 


14k 

2 

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4.41 

un 

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£05 

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£05 

700 


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3ft 
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8J0 

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570 

sw 

S'*. 

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5'.* 

SN. 

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5”. 

5 ■, 

7.76 

7.92 


Britain 

Bank Dose rate 

Call money 

T-cnoati laierao* 

3-monHl interbank 
6maalt mtertwak 
18-year Olll 
Frunn 

Infei icuiiim rate 
Call money 
1-flunm inttrtaak 
interbank 
6-maatti biterbw* 

WreorOAT 
Sources: dealers. Bloomberg. Merrill 
Lynch. Bant ot Tokvo. Commerzbank 
Oremmtl Ukouaeu Croat Lvannais. 

Gold 

Zorich 
London 
New York 

US. Honors ner ounce London o/Hctot fU 
<nps; Zurich and Nen York opening and ctos- 
hm prices, dew York Came * t August) 
Source: Reuters 


AM. 

PM. 

Ch'qe 

39190 

39150 

+ 175 

393.10 

39145 

+ 215 

39500 

391.40 

-490 


By Floyd Norris 

New York Tunes Semes 

NEW YORK — Fidelity In- 
vestments, the largest mutual 
fund company in the United 
States, provided incorrect infor- 
mation on the value of its funds 
last week, causing newspapers 
to report, that most Fidelity 
funds did substantially better- 
than they actually did. 

A Fidelity spokeswoman, 
Constance HubbeU, said late 
Tuesday that the fund manage- 
ment company had not been 
able to calculate the value of 
166 funds on Friday because of 
a computer problem. 

Rather than simply admit the 
problem, she said. Fidelity 
chose to report to the National 
Association of Securities Deal- 
ers tbat nearly all of its funds 
had not changed in value Fri- 
day, a volatile day in American 
financial markets. 

Ms. HubbeU first defended 
that decision and said Fidelity 
bad done it at least once before, 
during the 1980s. But late Tues- 
day, after being told that a 
spokesman for the securities 
dealers' association said such an 
action would be a violation of its 
rules, she said die had been mis- 
informed by other Fidelity exec- 
utives regarding the company's 
policies. “A manager made’ a 
very wrong decision.” she said. 
“It will never happen again.” 

Robert Pozen, the general 
counsel of Fidelity, said late 


Tuesday that Fidelity’s policy 
against releasing inaccurate in- 
formation was known “at the 
highest levels of our company,” 
but that “a system went down, a 
lot of low-level people were in a 
dither and they made a mis- 
take.” 


CHARTER 


THE AIRCRAFT 
FOR YOUR 
BUSINESS 

SALES • MANAGEMENT 


ALG AEROLEAS1NG 


GsKSVi * 2U^IC.H * LUGANO ■ NEW YCHK • HOUSTON ■ 
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KIcV • KINSHASA • SINGAPORE • BEIJING 


Geneva 41-22/798 45 10 Zurich 41-01 /814 37 00 


For investment informa tion 

Read THE MONEY REPORT 

every Saturday in the IHT 


“Quadratus”. A solid gold watch 
with the dial engraved in 
the “Clou de Paris” pattern. 



CORUM 

MaStres Artisans d’Horiogerie . , 

SUISSE 



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in white gold. For a brochure, write to: Corum, 2301 La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland! 












Stabilizing Dollar 
Gives Wall Street 
Breathing Space 


Via biMaml hr» 


Daily doings cftfto 
Dew Jones initestnal -average 


Compikd by Our Suff From Dunatthe, 

ti — A stabiiua- 

o°n m the dollar on Wednesday 
spurred a rallv in Treasury 
pond prices and helped the 
stock market to its first gains in 
three days. 

•The price of the benchmark 
dD-year U.S. Treasury bond 
jumped 11/32 poinC to 86 
'2/32, taking the yield to 7.39 
percent, down from 7.49 per- 
cent Tuesday. 

• The Dow Jones industrial av- 
^rage rose 16.80 poi nts, to 

!___ U»S. Stoga 

;3, 724.77, rebounding from a 
rhree-day sell-off that took 
more than 100 points from the 
.blue-chip index. Gaining issues 
outnumbered losing ones by a 
4-to-3 ratio on the New York- 
Stock Exchange. 

“Everyone sighed a bit of re- 
lief that the dollar stopped de- 
clining," said Brett Discher. vice 
president of equity trading at 
Dain Bosworth in Minneapolis. 

. ’ A weak dollar makes foreign 
goods more expensive in the 
.United States, which can result 
in higher prices and rising infla- 
tion. A weak currency also 
erodes confidence in doflar-de- 
nominated assets, encouraging 
foreign investors to repatriate 
their capital or find other in- 
vestments. 

But comments Wednesday 
from Treasury Secretary Llovd 
Benisen were interpreted by 
traders as meaning the govern- 
ment would not allow the dollar 
to fall any further. 

Bonds, which lose value when 
inflation rises, gained as the dol- 
lar rebounded. The dollar fin- 
ished in New York at 1.6054 
Deutsche marks, up from 1.5943 
DM Tuesday, and at 101.000 
yen. up from 100.335 yen. 

Analysts said the markets 
also were cheered by congres- 
sional testimony by Alan 
Greenspan, chairman of the 
Federal Reserve Board. In his 
prepared testimony to the 
House Budget Committee. Mr. 
Greenspan called the country's 
economic outlook the brightest 
in decades. 

The Dow was paced by gains 
in Boeing and Coca-Cola. 
Boeing rose to 48 4, getting a 
lift from Singapore Airlines' or- 
ders for new jets worth a mini- 
mum S1.65 billion and possibly 
as much as $4.9 billion. 

PepsiCo rose ^ to 3 and 
Coca-Cola gained li to 40 7 4 in 
active trading, possibly on a fa- 


vorable recommendation by 
S.G. Warburg. 

General Electric was the 
most actively traded U.S. stock, 
failing % to 45% after the resig- 
nation of Michael Carpenter as 
chairman and chief executive of 
its Kidder Peabody brokerage 
unit. 

Philip Morris continued to 
gain after a management shake- 
up this week, rising ft to 52% in 
active trading. The company's 
new chief executive said a split 
of the companies food and to- 
bacco operations was unlikely, 
but that an expansion of the 
company’s stock buyback pro- 
gram was possible. 

RJR Nabisco rose Vs to 6. 
also in very active trading 

Occidental Petroleum gained 
ft to 19% after a PaineWebber 
analyst raised his recormnenda- 
lion on the company to attrac- 
tive from neutral. 

Technology shares were 
strong, with semiconductor 
shares recouping nearly half of 
the 5 percent they shed during 
the past four days. 

“They led on the way down, 
so you would expect them to 
lead on the way up, too," said 
Drew Peck, an analyst at 
Cowen & Co. 

Intel rose I ft to 59%, Texas 
Instruments advanced 2VA to 
761* and Advanced Micro De- 
vices gained 1 to 25%. 

Compaq Computer jumped l 
to 32% after a Memll Lynch 
analyst said the company was 
well positioned to take advan- 
tage of seasonally strong de- 
mand expected in the fourth 
quarter of this year. 

Shares of software compa- 
nies rose after slumping Tues- 
day when Lotus Development 
said second-quarter earnings 
would be about half what ana- 
lysts expected. Lotus, which 
plunged Tuesday, stabilized 
somewhat Wednesday, finish- 
ing down 9/16 at 36 7/16. 

Oracle Systems gained 1 5/16 
to 36 9/16 after unveiling new 
versions of its popular database 
programs. A strong earnings ex- 
pectation from a Merrill Lynch 
analyst also helped the stock. 

Silicon Graphics, a computer 
graphics company, gained 2% 
to 21 % after announcing this 
week it would provide multime- 
dia technologies and software 
to AT&T Network Systems. 

Quaker Oats fell ’l to 72%. 
losing ground for a second day 
after Nestle said it had no plans 
to acquire Quaker. 

(Bloomberg, AP) 



Dow Jones Averages 

open HJgh Low us* Oto. 

Indus 372224 37XL34 3707.77 3724J7 - T6A0 

front H1U1 162*3? 141031 1430JU + *41 
tifir 179 01 179.80 17142 179-20 + UB 
Cora 1295J7 1299.78 1S»1J» 

Standard & Poor’s indexes 


Ul FUTURES 

Metals 


intbnlr ) ols 
Transp- 
UtiUHes 
Finance 

span 

SP iw 


Hh» Lot cmm 

mo wn 527.34 

»2xa jwjj 

15*93 15*02 15*93 
4L44 4007 4SJ0 
45)51 451.34 453X9 
45037 41748 419.17 


NYSE Indexes 


tfigft LOT Urc! Ow. 

Comws MQ3J 249.10 749.98 +088 
hSuolnds 308X1 30081 307*5 

Trams. WA71 345.1* 34630 *1.14 

millrv 7WJ0 30.71 704X9 ♦ 052 

Rncna? 313.82 212X4 21331 4 0*7 


Otx trwt 

BW Ain BM 
ALUMINUM (HMh erode) 

Adlan per metric »w 

1*47,50 1442X10 144450 
Forward 1471X0 1477X8 -747430 

COm» CATHODES (High Grade) 

, moon nr natnc too 
SM MUI 3437X9 3419X0 

Forward 34fL0O 245200 2*3100 

Mlmm- metric tod 

Seat 538X0 539X0 540X0 

Forward 55*00 5*7X0 558X0 

MMnMr metric M 

Sect *320X0 6400X0 *400X0 

Forward *48000 *490X0 *440X0 

TIN 

gr-SSfy. nun 

Forward 564000 5*5000 5*55X0 

ZINC (tMdel Mtfi erode) 

DdBan per nwrrfc: ton 

■Soot men nsM wso 

Forwwd HOMO 10KUB 1015X0 


[ m 


D JF M A W J 
1693 . 1934 


NYSE Most Actives 


GcnEls 
RJR Nab 
Comnn, 
OcdPel 
Ttwie. 
PhBWr 
:P-JR Nb pfC 
iSScnGrs 
1 Merck 
JPtPSiC 

'Cllxjorp 
LILCo 
X mart 
j EMC i 

'cocoa 


vol wen 

47807 44H 
3H24 *t« 
29585 33 ' t 
27781 20 
2*195 574k 
2S3W 524k 
19J0J 4-k 
179** 23 
inn 3i ■ j 

172»4 JKi 
1*485 40L* 
16326 la'6 
1*309 16'*. 
1*128 14H 
15317 4] 


NASDAQ Indexes 


CnmooMie 71*42 712.14 71124 rlu 

I industrials 724.89 722.63 7ZL9S .4.19 

■ Bank* 753.26 750.97 7 Sul -SUB 

Incur mat 906.92 901.15 90LB9 *0J? 

) Finance 931.13 929X4 931.13 *116 

jTnomo. 698*5 666X3 *9066 *7J» 


AMEX Stock Index 

Mob LOT LOT cm. 

433.47 431.7? 43132 *1X5 

Dow Jones Bond Averases 


20 Bonds 
, 10 Utilities 
1 10 Industrials 


NASDAQ Most Actives I HYSE Diary 



VOL 

High 

Low 

Lost 

Or*. 

AUcsfts 

57335 

S3 



— t‘.k 

Now* 

sort, 


IX'u 


- V., 

Arrraen 

416IC 


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5V w 

53 


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JS'.k 

3QV, 


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24 

S'.'j 

33’T 

—v* 

Oracles 





* IV,® 

Adaan s 


17 

1SV« 


—1 

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37'V 

3*'« 


— *'u 

USWlhs 

21*41 

4IL, 

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■USU 

+ 1 j 

IDS Cm c 

20951 

TJa 

7< j 



ZenLobs 


1*'-. 

13V, 

14V, , 

— liv* 

Seagate 


30to 

70 •* 


- '« 

Buftels 

■T7_tj 

I7U 

17 



DeflCotr 

■ M' j 

266* 

TVs 




I Advanced 
Oedined 
unenonged 
, Tctoi issues 
New Highs 
New Laws 


AMEX Diary 


AMEX Most Actives 


ToMissies 
Now Hiatts 
n«w Lorn 


VOL High Lm LOT 


cnevsn s 

wmtra 

Echo Bov 

Maseru 

E-*PLA 

KayalOo 

Amdd 

interOie 

COIIAMM 

AmPagn 


7 Li 

74fe 

—Ik 

I2'» 

13 V, 

-•rj 

u>v„ 

11 

— ’S 

28 V. 

28V, 

-Si 

nv 

l-.'» 

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— li 

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< 

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3’-« 

31. 

—to 

25 

75 

— ’.5 

bi« 

6to 

— 1H 


NASDAQ Diary 


Advanced 
Deemed 
Unmanned 
Tan issues 
t Jew Highs 
New lows 


12*2 511 

8*4 17X7 

700 604 

2 2847 
22 7 

*1 102 


284 175 

27* 418 

233 228 

793 831 

10 7 

IS 48 


1*89 1077 

1391 2123 

1977 1854 

5057 s»4 

53 33 

II* 308 


Financial 

HHB Lot Owe Okme 

MtOVrH STERLING UiFFE) 
tsauoo-ptsoi mud 

Sn 907 94X9 94X4 90X4 

OK 93J9 41*8 9174 +0X4 

Mar 9106 92X5 93X1 + 0X6 

J« 9237 92J0 9235 9-006 

38P nja 4176 71X1 +0JB 

IMc 91 JO 9133 9137 + 0*.' 

Mar 91X9 91X2 91X6 +0X4 

JW 98X4 90 JO 9084 +0JJ3 

Sep 90X2 9060 90X2 Uncn. 

Dec 9047 9042 90X5 *8X2. 

Mar KSS 9027 9025 Uneh. , 

Jon 9013 90X5 90.10 +0X1 

EsL votuTte: 44*82. Open hit.: 523350. 
3-MOMTM EURODOLLARS (LIFFE) 

SI miuion-ptsef W8PCt 
S(P 94X7 94X3 94X2 —0X2 . 

Dec 94. W M-1S 94X9 —0X1 - 

Mar N.T. N.T. 91X1 — 0X3 

93X4 93X4 93X2 — 0X2 

Sep N.T. N.T. 9X29 -0X2 

EsL vote me: 71 Open Ini.: 5X7*. 

34MONTH EUROMARKS fLJFFB) 

DM1 odllloo - pis of 108 pci 
Sep 9110 95XS .9109 +0X5 

Dec 94X7 9A78 9457 +0X9 

Mar 9459 944* 9457 +0.11 

Jon 9420 94X5 9417 + 0.12 

Sep 93X2 9375 93X7 . +8.13 

Dec 2360 9147 9160 + OM 

Mar 9141 93X0 7X40 +014 

JH 9119 93X7 9120 +013. 

Sep 9X03 7280 91X0 +OI6 

Dec 92X0 9X7* *2X0 +0.15 

Mar 72*1 9258 9x2 +017 

Jen N.T. N.T. 92X6 +017 

E*L volume: 127X59. Open in*.: 5717*5 
XMOM7H PIBOtt (MATIF) 

PF5 mlUioa -pt» of 1M PO 
Sep un 9421 9432 + 0X9 

DOC 9399 93X4 9398 +OII 

■Mar 91*5 9344 93*2 +016 

+on 9334 9313 9132 +020 

Sep 9311 92X6 935® +0X2 

‘OK 92X6 92*3 9X85 +025 

Mar 92X9 9X43 92X8 +026 

JM 9252 9X47 9X52 +034 

. E ft volume: 71X60 Open ltd.: 189X74. 
LONG ©*LT OJPPE) 
tSOOOQ - Pi* A 3*nd» oflM PCI 
Jtat KOdO 99-29 101-01 + 1-19 

VS 109-06 96-12 99-25 +1-18 

O+C N.T. N.T. 98-25 + Ml 

EsL volume: S5J1L Open InL: 13IX8L 
GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND (LIFFE) 
DMBOOOa-PtsoMOOpct 
Sep 9234 9830 91.90 +1X4 

Sec W5S 9000 91.17 +1X9 

Est. volume: 190X31. Open InL: 142X9L 
10-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS CMATIF) 


Mob LOW LOT setae Oifee 

£ 1M UUS iM=»i 

JS 

EaL volume: 13X9*. 0P8P'ML .001*7 l 

I BRENT CRUDE OIL (IPE) '• j 

llurMnPWBanet-MtsolIXMtanrele .! 
;Am n*l 17.18 17.19 ».» -WV 

Sea 17 J8 17X4 17X4 17X5 — Oil- 

53 17X7 17X0 17X2 17X2 — BM 

not 17.?? ion wn tlm -o.ia; 

Dec I7.U 16X2 MX2' 1492 —0X9 

JOT MA4 1&94 1654 1654 —082 

Feb 17X3 16.91 1651 1*51 —0X3 

MOT 1855 14X2 UJ2 1*03-0.12 

AFT MX* 18X8 UR 16X4 — 0X4 

E9. voiunre: 3&T83 . OnenhiL 140720 . 

HM Low Lost Sente Cb-vT 

Stock Indexes 7”; 

MOB LOT CM* Onnge: 

s uuss 

tel 2983X 2ML6 29*00 +30X. 

Dec K.T. N.T. 2777 X + XX . 

EsL volume: 13X31. Open ftiL: 5L221. 

CAC M CMATIF) 

FF2M Mr MexpeM ^ 

Jao 1914X8 1884X0 1909X0 +3GXD- 

JW 190850 TB9050 1T05X0 +3150 

AUB N.T. • N.T. 79MJM +35X8- 

SOP 192459 1097X0 192LD0 +35X0 

DK iEt! N.T. 193050 +35X0 

MOT N.T. K.T. 1977X0 +3SX0:' 

Est volume: 32*71 Oeefl Int.: K.MB. 
Sovrcfs: Mont, Associated Proas. . 
London inn Ptnonckd Futures Exchange, 
Inn Petroleum ExcOanae. 


U.S./AT THE CLOSE 

FedReport Shows Moderate Groi>J 

■ Washington (apj — The a 

expand but al a more moderate rat ?i «jL n Jdav in ils P en ‘^ Jlv 
reUdl^les, the Federal Reserve said Wednesday m 

survey of regiaoal business aetiviftf* .-.ji,. •» the so-c-dle^ 

“In some areas growth to report 

Tan Book satL "Contacts a ia ^ signs of 

than-« 3 cpecied growth m May. retail sales, 

increasing sates in early June.” • ... were sig 0 -^ 

The central bank’s survey also said ^ mild and 
labor markets were tightening, finished coeds, 

competition is holding down price “jereaj* tJ.. 14 . appears to 
7b« Fed’s regional survey, f^ndu^ 




IRREGULAR 

‘ Am ledMtalnvM - X8 

.Frank Prtnc Mar . XS 


H*R Block 

a 

MSS 

f-lZ 

JOJ 

HRE Props 

a 

38 

600 

7-22 

MCI Props 

a 

22 

7-5 

7-14 

bandy Corp 

Q 

M 

7-15 

7-29 


iRAarkot Sales 


■Nasdaq 

In millions. 


Todmr Prav. 

3:38 am. 

228.93 276463 

16.2S 20X81 

200.1* 234.17 


Spot Conwiodltl— 

Cemmodtty Today 

Aluminum, lb 0X54 

Coffee Brat, la 1.11 

Cspporetecfreli'llc.lb 1.18 
iron FOB. Ion 21300 

Lead. IS QX6 

Sliver, troy 05 SAS 

5f«H I sercto I. ton 13433 

Tin, lb no. 

Zinc m 04831 


rraw 

Sep 

pb at HI pci 
113X4 11238 

1)3X4 

+ 1.14 

Dec 

112X2 

111X6 

11252 

+ 1.12 

Mr 

nijo 

1)04* 

11L72 

+ T.12 

JM 

N.T. 

N.T. 

N.T. 

UndL 


CORRECTION 

Rochester Tein * XB2S 

x-fnHfal paymenf after stock SBttL 
SPECIAL 

GoidenbanksCO - .15 ■ 

INITIAL 

AmSfamn Q .12 

KS Bancorp Inc - .15 . 

LSB Bncshrs NC n Q .11 

•Tax Real Bnesh A - J» 

REGULAR 

Q .13 
m jtm 

M X662 
M X9T2 

M.^5 

M X9 
M M 
M JPS 
M .14 
M .11M 
O .07 
Q X2 

2^ 
a 50 
M x* 

M X675 
Q .17 
Q .TO 


Est. volume: 274,704. Open kit.: U3.9M. 


lib Industrials 

213X0 High LOT LOT Settle Cb*ee 

056 GASOIL (IPE) 

553 ILL doBeri per metric too lots oMW tom 

13EX0 jgf 15L7S 15658 15*58 1S675 —US 

ITS® APS 160JS 15875 158J5 138.75 —US 

04831 sop 7*258 16Q5B 16059 1*050 — US 



PERRIER: Nestle Still Trying to Restore Sparkle to Struggling Brand 


Continued from Page 11 

5.9 billion liters and produced 
sales of 14.3 billion francs. 

Since acquiring Perrier. Nes- 
tl£ has invested 1.8 billion 
francs in mineral-springs acqui- 
sitions or joint ventures in die 
United States, Greece. Thai- 
land, Vietnam. Mexico and Po- 
land, and it is on the lookout for 
springs elsewhere in the world 
that can be developed. 


At the same time. Mr. Mi- 
lhaud said. Nestte will be 
spending hefty sums to create 
global brands' in the sector to 
complement, and possibly com- 
pete with. Perrier. 

“For a young company, 
we've already done a lot of 
things.” be said. Nesd£ Sources 
International housed in Perri- 
er's former headquarters, was 
formed at the end of 1992 to 
manage and develop Nertte's 


stable of three dozen water 
brands — a business that em- 
ploys 14,000 people. In addi- 
tion to Perrier, its major Euro- 
pean brands include Vittel — 
which Nestfe has fully owned 
since 1991 — Contrex. Valvert 
and San Pellegrino, the Italian 
sparkling water in which it 
bolds a minority stake. 

In the United States, accord- 
ing to Beverage Marketing 
Corp., an industry research 


firm. Nestle commands more 
than 23 percent of the mineral- 
water market — triple the share 
of its nearest competitor, 
McKesson Corp. 

The U.S. subsidiary. Perrier 
Group of America Inc^ owns 10 
regional springs including 
Great Bear, Cahstoga, Poland 
Spring, Oasis, ZephyrhiBs, Ar- 
rowhead, Ozarka and led 
Mountain. 


etwork 

C es, 

se- 


WOULD STOCK MARKETS 


Aflente Franca Pre»c Jmw 22 
CloM Prov. 

Amsterdam 

ABN Amro Hid 57.60 5* 

ACF Holding 4J5Q LUO 
Aegon ■»750 91.10 

Ahoia 45X0 4L6u 

AkJO NDOel 197.10 19670 
AMEV 7250 69.40 

Boi+wessonen 3L*0 36.90 


Gist- Brocades 4*50 

HBG 

Heineken 

Hoogovem , 

Hunter Douglas 71 JO 
IHCColond 1590 
tnler Mueller 77 
Inn Nederland 75.70 
K.UV, 45.70 

KNPBT 
KPN 
Uodllovd 
Oe* Grlnlen 
Pakhaed 
Pmnoi 
Polygram 
Robe co 1U.70 

Rcdomcn 
Roilnco 1 18-40 

Par onto 
Royal Dutch 19140 
Slorfc 

Unilever 18220 

Van Ommeren eo 
VNU 1*930 

V.XIlnrs/Kluwgr 10250 
EOE Index :38U4 
prvvftnry : 27649 


U.S. FUTURES 

Vio AssadMad Piwa 


Season Season 

tfioti Low 


Open HNh Lot COT 


Season season 
H8b Low 


Open HM) Law Close Ola OaJnl 


SUSAN-WORLD 11 CMC9E) nilMSa^c 


Schertna 

Siemens 6+ 

Thrssen 271 

varta 

veba 48- 

VEW 371 

Viog 

VolKflvflflcn 
Wei la 

dax index : 

prevlaas : 7*2X9 


Helsinki 


FBI 984 
6*4.2063*30 
27930 277 

30730550 
48450474X0 
37050 376 

447 443 

JAS 45550 

90S 875 


139 JJB 
227 225 

290 239 

548 
554 
4.10 
U1 

449 


Amer-Thtymo 171 121 

Enso-Oulzell 38.40 19 

Hutitomakl 170 174 

K.O.P. 10 JO >050 

Kvnwnone 10* 108 

Metro 1*0 1*1 

Nona 429 CO 

PWllOta 68 60 

Repata 88.70 88 

Stockmann 215 210 



Brussels 


AG Fin 
Mmonll 
Arbed 
Bar co 
BBL _ 
eekaerl 
CBR 
•CMS 
•CNF 
CockeriU 
Caoeca 
Col rurt 
Ccttiaiso 

EtectroWH 
'Eject raBha 
GIB 
GBL 
Gevoen 
Gwvertei 
I mrnobei 

Kredletbonk 

wiosano 
. Pciroflna 
Powerdn 
Recikei 
Parole Beioe 


2545 25*5 
7590 7t-60 
LIAO 4500 
2IB0 219D 
4020 4100 
23700 22925 
12500 12375 
2285 2275 
2X55 2110 
182 182 
57TJ 5700 
7470 7460 
1354 1348 
5430 5610 
ICO 3550 
>432 1*0 
4125 4170 
9050 9020 
4480 4480 
3990 2*80 
6429 6500 
1480 1436 
>0125 10100 
2820 7920 
486 490 

4940 5070 


Sac Gen Bonaue 8M0 0200 
SOC Gen Belglauc .7155 2! SO 
5ol)na 14525 14400 

ialvay 14475 1+150 

l+ssenderio *850 9W 
Trocleftel 9710 *600 

UCB 23575 23525 

Union MlfitoK 26M aio 
3Vaaan6 ms 7000 *990 


.1 Stock Index : 7316.M 


Hong Kong 

3535 35^U 
11 IU0 
34X0 3430 
41 4050 
10 10.10 
1250 1260 
52 5230 
36 3625 
41 42 

14.80 H£Q 

74.10 73X0 

20.10 MM 

2 32 

84 85 

11^0 11^ 
14.90 14X0 
1120 1170 
32 31 

21X0 2040 
57X0 58X0 
29X0 29X3 
MJ0 1420 
10.60 H 
21X0 21.30 
72X0 22J0 
46 46 

129 120 
56 5* 

i 12 12.10 

3X0 1X0 

28.10 -ffiJO 
11 JO IUD 
11.70 11X0 

Nona Sew index: 8874X4 
Pnrloii» : B8S7J8 


Johannesburg 

AECI 
AJtecn 
Anglo Amer 
Boriows 
Birvoer 
Buttels 
Da Beers 

Drietontoin 
Cifncof 


FIs ora 
Forte 

P, C 1ACC 

Gka*o 

Grand Mat 

GRE 

Guinness 

GUS 

Hanson 

HlUsdotyn 

HSBC HWgs 

1CI 

Inch cape 

Klngflstier 

UxJbroke 

Land Sec 

Lanorte 

Loamo 

Legal Gen Grp 
L lords Bonk 
Marks SP 
ME PC 
Noll Power 
Natwest 
NihWst Water 
Pearson 
PAD 
PllkJnpfon 
PbwgrGen 

Prudential 
RarkOrg 
Reck in COl 
Red land 
ROM Inti 
Reuters 
RMCGrouo 
Roils Royce 
Rottwnn lunll) 
Ravol Seal 
RTZ 

Satnsburv 
Seal newcas 
Seal Power 
tears _ 
Severn irent 
Shew 

Slede 


SmIHiKllne B 
Smith IWH) 

Sun Alliance 
Tato A Lvle 
Tosco 
Thorn 6Mi 
Tomkins 
T3B Group 
Unilever 
uta Biscuits 
Vadotono _ 

War Loan 319 
Wellcome 
Whiteread 
williams Hdos 
Willis Corraon 
F.T. 38 lode*: 2389.18 

E3M&S:.. 

prevtoos : 394SJ0 


Madrid 

BBV 3020 2990 

Bco Central His*. 26» 2AM 

Banco Santonder 4670 4700 

Banesto 940 979 

CEPSA 2930 2920 

DroOCdos 7110 2040 

Endesa 53B0 57*0 

Ercros 239 231 

inororoto MO 925 

Remol 3B« 3830 

ToOacalera 3410 3305 

Teleton lea 1740 1710 

i &&rs*\T i -* rM 



ladustolali Index ! 
P rev loos ; 1713.46 


TV; 7*6 Ess#lto-A 
i * HondeUDanten 
11V- 11H Investor B 
176fe 1*3 Norsk Hydro 
*3 Procardia AF 

181k IBifc SmxW |k B 

}*to J6U 

16U Id!* SkOT^oF 
179k 17»k 
*W 6\k SKF 
12 ml 5iora 

TrjUeoorg BF 
Volvo 


102 103 

97 94 

1*5 168 

214 214 

117 118 

102 107 

104 105 
47 45X0 

105 9»X0 

150 152 

142 137 

353 365 

100 104 

150 *7* 


Season Season 
rtgn Low 


Open High Low Ctte On QpXrt 


Toronto 




Sydney 


Amoor 

ANZ 

BMP 

Bcrai 

Bougainville 
Coles Myer 
Comalca 
CRA 
C5R 

Fostors Bren 
Goodman Field 
1CI Australia 
Magellan 
MIM 

Hot Ausl Bank 
.•lews Ccrp 
Mine Network 
N Broken Hill 
PocDuntoa 
Pioneer IWT 
HmnCi PcseftJsn 
OCT Resources. 
Scnios 
TNT 

Western Mining 
Westoac Banking 
VtoadxlCe 


9.14 9.10 
3.98 178 
lexo 1BJ4 
137 130 
0X8 0X8 
CIS 4X2 
531 530 

1832 17X2 
A73 4X3 
1X5 1X7 
133 133. 

1630 1C36 
L90 1.92 

3.11 335 

1068 1048 
335 832 
4JD V13 
142 3X2 
437 *30 
2X7 237 
277 217 
1X1 1*9 
199 339 
235 225 
8.18 8.18 
430 4,8 
435 477 , 

iz : 291090 





Tokyo 


Rusotot 
SA Brews 
si tteteno 


. S nrio 
Argv 
Ass B 

W1 BAA 
m BAe 
Bank 
'jS Bare 
grey 
0M BAT 
;°S BET 
Vjo Bh* Drcle 
H5 BOC Group 

13* op* 

J® frit i 
?23 Bril ( 

Brit! 

IS Brin 

»tr 


*07 

*04 

5X6 

5X7 

256 

259 

2X9 

2X0 

5X4 

5X4 

9JJ6 

9X7 

4X7 

4X0 

1X4 

1X4 

5J1 

532 

lit 

5X7 

3.91 

3X8 


1.12 

2*8 

7 .09 

7JJ9 

128 

523 

4X6 

*37 

4X2 

299 

3 JO 

3X1 

2X3 

2X5 

176 

1 J i 

3X7 

1*4 

3X2 

U3 

*23 

-'72 

*25 

*23 

2 W 

2X0 

232 

273 

5.18 

112 

4X7 

*91 

3X2 

119 

*23 

*W 

2X1 

2.79 



Grains 

WHEAT tCBOT) JOTBunwmram-ooWasawWOTI 
JJ6 2X6 Jul 94 125 1251* 119 3.1915 — CUB M.93» 

3X7*4 IXQ Sep 94 132 333 126 33*15-031* 1XJB7 

1*5 1X9 Dacto 1479, 244*i 137 13?V,-CA5 Z3M* 

16415 127 MW9S 146 Vi 14716 148 141 —00414 3X28 

3X6*5 ll«WMoy95 33t 336 JJ4V. U4V5 -001*4 67 

1425* 111 A59S 122 122 128 322 -OC115 411 

Dec 95 130 -08115 2 

Ext. dries 1L0D0 TUe’S.MkeS 23391 
Tue-SOOTIM 55398 OH 1770 
WHEAT (KBOT7 nn e un pwbuOT 

1X5 2X7 Jul 94 11* 139V, 134 33415-000**11,22* 

3X315 UUIvSeo** 1361* 33H* 3J3Vi 133*4-002 8311 

1*0 112V5DecM 34415 146V* 341 141 -002*6 7*1? 

1X955 123 Mcr 75 14515 34846 141 341 -003 V, 14* 

14655 121*6*0+ 95 133 -day, 22 

1374. 12715 JUTS 22715 352715 126 136 *001 68 

Est. sales MA. Toe's, axes 8.948 
TuasaoenW 38497 OH 3*4 
CORN (CUT] uaBBumuWnim-aBMnOTBuM 
11615 241 AX 94 24415 1*5*5 2X815 3X9 -40*56 0435 

2X314 34015 Sea 94 1X»* 160 IB 2X215—00755 44.9® 

277 136*5 Dec 94 2X3 2X36, 244 24*55-00915115X01 

2X715 L4n>fttar95 240 2X9* ZJ2*5 2X2*5-008 H710 

2X5 2X3 MwTS 24415 345 1X7 V, 2X755-007*6 2.110 

2X5V, 2X4 JU9S 246V: 24615 IS 259V. -0X7*4 3479 

270*5 2X3 Sep 95 1X315 25315 2X1 2X1 -OM 12S 

Ifl 243 Dec 95 24»*6 349*6 2*4 24415 -00*51 ISO 

EsL sales 90400 Tue’s-satos 90478 
Tue-scpeninr 150330 off *6H> 

SOTBEAMS CCBOT1 14e9Burr»iVrB»». i w a n r i pwe v w i 
7X0 196*5 JU 91 6J76V, 6J0>r LM -0X916 32,10 ■ 

735 6X8 Aua« 6.73 677 641 642*6-010'* 71X73 ; 

7X85, til Sea 94 6*1 V, *44 646V: 647*,-017* 10*93 1 

7X715 5X515NOVW 6X3 4X2 V: *3*5: 63815—014 77 JM , 

7JM 61] Jan 95 6X8 4X8 64015 64355-01*** 6X64 

70S 618 Mcr9S 6*3 443 646 449W-8L13V5 2479 

705V, 621 MavtS 6*3'5 LUV, 649 6X1V:- 011 2X2* 

7X415 634 Jul 95 6*515 64*15 4X315 6X4 -O.tTVi 2360 

6X0*5 SJI'5Nav95 620 62] 612 6UV5-OD7 1X3 

EsLsdes 65X00 TuCLSOtoS 46. 7W 
Tue’scaenM 156X16 off 735 
SOYseAMMEAL tCBOT) UOav-WAwsBericn 
73001 185 l 30JUI9* tPUfc 19540 19140 192^ —230 1696s 

22100 15S.00 Aug 94 I95J0 *9*00 I9L0B 1*1X0 —230 19.760 

J1OC0 ltllJSep9* 19520 195X0 1»IX0 19240 -120 16276 

2Q7XO 100.0000 94 192.70 19170 IBS B0 10940 -240 6X30 

709 00 17180 Dec 9* 192.00 192X0 18630 188X0 -170 1*466 

— “ —3.73 14© 

— ISO 1377 

-iJ» <97 
—010 368 


12*0 

9.15 Jul 94 

1213 13 

12X0 

*»0et94 

1213 13 

12.10 

U7MOT9S 

11X1 11 

1206 

1057 May 95 1198 11 

J2 a 

7057A4to 

1153 11 

11J0 

1057 Oct 95 

11.42 11 

11J0 

10*8 MOT 9* 

11X5 11 

Ettroks 

29,974 Tue’s. sales 1 

Tue's open M 1201® 

Off 5477 





999 Jul 94 

1315 

1315 

12 ® 

1281 

Kt»Sep« 

Ijn 

at » 

1285 


WlOocto 

1412 

1415 

1330 



140 

1445 

1365 

1365 

1078 MOV 95 

1395 

1195 

1391 

IWI 

122SJUI9S 




1410 

13*5 Sep 95 




WO 

1390 Dec 95 




146* 

13® MOT 96 

1568 

1562 

1556 

1497 

14X3* Tub's, rote 

9,129 




Tug's open int 7B.9I5 oft *05 

ORANGE JUICE MCTN) 

moo 0600 JU *4 900 

1MXB 90X0 SOS 94 (2JL 

JXtoo sasONovto MJ5 ■ 
1XL00 9620 Jan 95 97 JO 

1242S 77X2 Mar 95 9*J5 

11425 lOOM May 95 
11680 1CSOO JU95 
111X0 1 95X0 Sec 95 
NOV 95 

Ed. SON* 2X00 T MT6OTB 2 
mfSOpenM 31*86 oH 373 


70*00 17180 Dec «4 193.(1 

237X0 171X0 JOT *5 191 A 

237X0 111 90MCT95 192J* 

X7M insoMtrrfS M 

206OS 1*200 Jul 95 WQXC 

Ed. sa*es xixoo Tue's.soi 
Tue's ocenM 81.530 on *58* 
SOYBEAN OH. (CBOT1 
JLffl 71X5 JU *4 

36*5 2145 Aug 94 

30 JJ 2240S4PM 

39X1 ^MOd*» 

2657 :2jrDeC*4 

28X5 22*S JOT95 

ajO 2*70 Mar 95 

26C5 24*2Muv9X 

27X5 34 45 JU 95 

2 7 JO OJOAUBK 

Eai. sales 28400 Tue's. sales 22.103 
Tub's open .to 82JM up SZ7 


I60BS 

26X8 —0X6 54,910 

27.00 -OX6 IL4U 
36X7 -0X4 1Z3U 

2654 -0X8 9.506 

2623 -OXB2L670 
2618 —054 2X9g 
3608 -0X2 2X70 

■am -cm i3W 

25X5 — 0 45 J7Q 

2XX0 -047 S3 


Livestock 


42X5 *3X0 —1.17 2X27 
4SJ3 £2X5 -0X0 33410 
46^0 r**5 -077 17J06 

4100 *640 -0JS10JW 

6690 6937 -0X5 7458 

an 7037 —0*3 1*38 

67 *5 67X8 —035 688 




11170 7*10 Jon 9* 112X5 

11370 74J0JU94 nun 

HIM 7*90590 9* HUS 

1 1 170 7175 Dec 94 189X0 

10600 76X0 JOT 95 

107X0 7100 Feb 95 

110X0 7100 MW 95 108X8 

10*00 76X5 May 95 10735 

107X0 7100 Jul 95 10*25 

11240 7530 Aus95 1T230 

105.00 79.10Sep9S 

111.10 7530 0 0 95 151X0 111. 

9100 7775 No. 95 

105X0 SAOODoc 95 

ZLB5 roXBJOT** 

99X0 £27iMcr 96 

10545 91. 10 Apr 96 

Ed. sales 23X00 TueVsdes * 
Tue's open Irt 61406 aft UU 
S 6VH! (NCM5Q SMtoOL 
56*0 515JJUP94 mo 

5363 377XJUW BSJ> 

5560 MU Aug 94 

5905 37 64 Sep 94 5400 . 56IX 

597.6 3800 Dec 94 5490 5690 

56+0 4010 Jen *5 

60*0 416X Mar 95 5740 

6063 41 80 Mar 95 5670 

ms 421PJU95 5840 

6510 49U5ep« 

6250 537.0 Dec 95 5*10 S*1 

5750 5750 JOT 96 

6180 5660 MOT *6 

Ed. sues 55000 Tue’ — 

TueHaoenW 13*7)8 
PLATINUM 00MS77 
<570 0 357JBJUI9I < 

*»500 3*800009* ■ 

429X0 37*00 Jot 95 41400 

*2600 SOOOAor9S 4)400 
Ea. sots 4X90 TuCs. sales 
Tue's op*a tat 24X85 off 318 

GOLD OKXUO seoiraroc 

*1730 33940 Ain 96 393J 

33600 JS6JnA*»4 
41500 341X»Ao*9( 395X0 

41700 34*03 Ori 9* 31840 

*26X0 3430BD*C94 40100 

41100 3OX0Fab9S 40500 

Apr9S 

Junto 
Aug to 
OU9S 
Dec 95 
Pee 96 
Apr 9* 


95.130 90710 Dec 9* 94X70 9*140 9*070.96130 
95X80 9OM0MOT9S 90X00 93X90 93JI0 9X860 
9*730 90710 Junto 93X40 93*10 *9X00 01570 
94X30 91310 Sep 95 93310 93360 .91378 *3340 

9*280 91.180 Dae 95 9U08 98.138 *1020 91 1 M 
9*230 90750 Mot 96 *1X20 *1080 92.980 93X50 
9X180 92380 Jun 94 92JTM 91970 92JHB .93.9*0- 

Est sales 47S275 Tue's BOTs *66X6? 

Tub’s op en M 1*66X14 1*5 27233. • 

BRT1ISH FOUND KMEJO seercamf. ipanrenUBS* 
1X456 1X640 Sep9l 1X603 -T.H2f IJBllO 1^4 

1X6C 1.4500 Dec *4 1X408 U600 1X20 MM 

7-5480 7X640MO-M _ 1XTO6 

EO. rotes 0213 Tue’s. sates IUB» 

Tue's open bit 40.151 up raw . - 
CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMERJ snwur-tpoHaawOTS 
07740 07068 Sep 94 07)70 S719S 07167 0.7W 

07 00 fi703BDec9» 07134 07)47 07125. 07M2. 

67605 07020 uarto 07094 07100 07094 flJKC 

07532 ILSWOJunW 07MB 

07160 0X965 5ap« • 07814 

Est. soles 6XST TWLtON 7X37 
Tue's open irt 40X47 oft 809 
GERMAN MARK (CMfflJ- spamoife- 1 sOToauabHU 
06395 05400503 94 OjSOO 06270 06306 06336- 

06297 DJ598D*COT 0X235 06254 0*215 0*230 

040® 6W80Ju«i9S 0£K\ 

Sepf5 0.4259 

0X250 DJ81BMOT96 • -• 0X3® 

EsL sates 50,912 Tua'6 roles 47X03 . . 

Tue’s open itf 85X35 up 072 
JAPANB5EYOI (CMBO lpeen.1 OTwOT UM 
tunoom saaMSSap W e W'lmimi ewim ran mean 
aoim®axosj2so«c 94 aonmaunooajQxvMi aunooM 
OJHBZ750OO9776JunW 601021* 

oiniBoiooinsnMartooouisooinoiMajnMotooiouo 

EsLscOTs 3*X46 TuWbSdES 51.950 

Tor* o pen fat 63X74 UP 5689 

SWISS FRANC (CMBO igmwlaMMiailUKI 

07*70 0X606SepM 07455 07*57 0737T 07411 

07505 0X885 Dec 94 07472 07473 07405 07426 

'JllOto. 07473 

07443 0743SMOT96 074® 

Est. rotes 25X10 TueLsales 21,240 
Tue's open kit 49.148 up 299 


>50415*07 
‘"503*1.1® 
,503)1X77 
•« 198,1® 
•®1*3X90 
-» 129,776 
100475 - 


—12* 39X21 . 
—13* SO 
— J» 17 


*30 36,714 
-30 3X81 

4® 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 


Page 13 


EU to Require 
Works Councils 


, Ctrtqukd by Ow Staff From Dispatches 

LUXEMBOURG — Euro- 
pean Union social affairs minis- 
ters on Wednesday ended near- 
ly 14 years of debate by 
agreeing to require multination- 
id companies to set up “works 
councils" for routine consulta- 
tion with employees. 

The ministers also agreed on 
legislation that will ban child 
labor in all EU countries except 
Britain and lay down condi- 
tions, time restrictions and 
health and safety requirements 
for young people. 

Agreement was reached by 
using the Maastricht Treaty’s 
social chapter, which excludes 
Britain, for the first time. 

David Hunt, the British em- 
ployment minister, used Brit- 
ain s “opt out” clause from EU 
social protection legislation to 
exdude most British companies 
from the new law. 

He said the measure would 
impose “unnecessary costs and 
bureaucracy” on companies. 

But the EU’s executive com- 
mission welcomed the passing 
of both new measures. 

It called the' new works coun- 
cils law “a historic decision.” 
The ruling wQ] affect compa- 
nies employing more than 1.000 
people and with at least ISO 
staff at sites outside the compa- 
ny’s home country. 

The rule in practice will af- 
fect around 100 British compa- 
nies with operations on the 
Continent, the commission 
said. 

The EU social affairs com- 
missioner, Padraig Flynn, said: 
“Recession does not mean re- 

To our readers in Bekawn 

ft's never been easier 
In subscribe and save. 

Justed! toUree: 

0B00 1 7538 


gression. This legislation is 
good for business. It can im- 
prove competitiveness and can 
lead to a strengthening of the 
most fundamental thing for 
businesses, which is good rela- 
tions between management and 
staff.” 

Mr. Flynn said the “Young 
Workers Directive” was “an 
important legal safety bolt for 
member states and will beef up 
legislation concerning the em- 
ployment of child labor.” 

The ministers’ agreement 
must be approved by the Euro- 
pean Parliament and nation al 
assemblies in 1 1 member states. 
The commission said it expects 
the law to be fully adopted in 
late 1994. 

The legislation would give 
multinationals five years to set 
up “European works councils” 
to inform and consult their 
workers 00 their plans. 

But the decision on youth la- 
bor was criticized as insuffi- 
cient by the Youth Forum, 
which lobbies on youth issues in 
the EU. 

Youth Forum called the leg- 
islation “a poor example to the 
rest of the world at a time when 
child labor clauses are being in- 
troduced into international 
trade agreements.” 

The European Parliament 
and Co mmiss ion has tried in 
vain to block a four-year grace 
period given to Britain which 
will allow teenagers to combine 
newspaper delivery rounds with 
Saturday jobs. 

“U.K- law has always pro- 
tected children from any form 
of exploitation and from any 
risk to their health and safety. 
Our record on protecting the 
employment of children stands 
comparison with that of any 
other country,” Mr. Hunt said 
(AP, Reuters) 


The Power Behind Persil 

Unilever Tips Hand on Controversial Soap 


Reptas 

LONDON — Scientists at Unilever Group 
on Wednesday revealed the secret behind a 
new product that has sparked a laundry- 
detergent war in Europe. 

The researchers, disclosing the work be- 
hind their new ingredient, said they had 
found a way to use manganese compounds to 
accelerate the effects of bleaches used in 
washing powders. 

The product that uses the new ingredient, 
marketed this year tinder the name Persil 
Power in Britain and Omo Power in the 
Netherlands, sparked an immediate media 
and legal wrangle when Procter & Gamble 
Co. claimed it literally ate boles in clothes. 

Unilever sued in the Netherlands, and the 
two companies have settled the matter out of 
court. 

Despite the mud slung at Unilever’s new 
detergent, analysts said they saw signs that 
sales may turn out bright. 

“Evidence suggests people are buying it,” 
said Eileen Marsh, analyst at Lehman Broth- 
ers in London. “Consumers are fairly intelli- 
gent, and they’ll make up their own mind.” 

While Procter & Gamble’s attack denied 
consumer enthusiasm for the product, sales 
began to revive after Unilever offered a full 
guarantee of the soap. 

Unilever scientists said the new soap used 
compounds that allowed users to wash 


clothes at a lower temperature for a longer 
time. 

The bleach used in most commercial wash- 
ing powders, hydrogen peroxide, is only effec- 
tive alone at 60 degr ee s centigrade (140 Fahr- 
enheit) or above. Pe roxy acetic acid will work 
at 40 degrees centigrade ( 104 Fahrenheit), but 
scientists have been looking for a bleach that 
will work well in colder water. 

Dutch scientists headed by Ronald Hage of 
Unilever’s research laboratory in Vlaardingen 
in the Netherlands said they had found that 
small amounts of manga complexes ac- 
celerated the work of the hydrogen peroxide. 

“Our results demonstrate the considerable 
potential of these systems for clean and effi- 
cient low-temperature bleaching,” they wrote 
in Nature magazine. 

Julie Sawyer, a spokeswoman for Unil- 
ever’s Lever Brothers subsidiary, which mar- 
kets the laundry detergent, said the debate 
was now over and that the product had been 
proven safe. 

She added that the Nature magazine report 
did not reveal any trade secrets because the 
accelerator formula had been patented. 

But some analysts said Unilever had more 
work to do to reassure consumers about the 
product. 

The soap powder market is worth about £6 
billion ($9 billion) a year in Europe alone. 
Procter A Gamble dominates the industry 
worldwide. 


Barclays Wants to Be a Media Star 


Bloomberg Busmen Newt 

LONDON — Barclays PLC 
is investing £1 billion ($1.5 bil- 
lion) yearly in comparer and 
telecommunications research 
and equipment and actively 
looking for partners in media 
services, said Joseph de Feo, 
director of group operations 
and technology. 

“I can see the day when Bar- 
clays might make more money 


as an agent of different types of 
services than we would mak e on 
financial services,” Mr. de Feo 
said Wednesday. “We may be 
competing against British Tele- 
com, Reuters, Bloomberg and 
even General Electric.” 

It soon may join British Tele- 
communications PLCs video- 
on-demand tests, providing at- 
home banking and. later, 
shopping and other services. 
Mr. de Feo said. 


TAIWAN: Seeking to Turn Foreign Reserves Into Economic Influence 


Gmthmed fron Page 11 

world sophistication,” said Mr.' 
Chien, who predicts the new 
governor mil exploit Taiwan's 
financial muscle “as a catalyst 
for change:” 

New bank leadership has al- 
lowed local politicians to insist 
the central bank be trans- 
formed into a more transparent 
institution less subject to the 


ruling Nationalist Party’s polit- 
ical agenda. 

“We expect the process of 
financial liberalization and 
openness to accelerate,” said 
Andy Clarke, an analyst with 
Wardley James Capd in Taipei, 
echoing a widely held view mat 
while conservative, Mr. Liang 
relishes a mandate for broad 
change. 

“The former governor fre- 


quently dashed with the Minis- 
try* of Finance and Securities 
and Exchange Commission, but 
Mr. Liang is more ideologically 
in step with his counterparts 
within the government,” Mr. 
Clarke said. 

Pressed for details on policy 
goals, Mr. Liang said the cen- 
tral bank would participate 
more in market-based foreign 
currency lending to important 


projects and take a more active 
role in Taiwan’s interbank mar- 
ket trading, an area of consider- 
able frustration for foreign 
banks operating there. 

“In developing into a region- 
al financial center, our money 
markets need to be deepened, 
we need to introduce more fi- 
nancial instruments and to 
make the markets more com- 
petitive.” Mr. Liang said. 


Wwtowday’t Closing 

Tables Include the nationwide prices up to 
the closing on Walt Street and do not reflect . 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 


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In the future, consumers may 
be able to order a car, a refriger- 
ator or insurance from a Bar- 
clays 

Some analysts are not im- 
pressed. “I think Barclays had 
.better get the business of bank- 
ing sorted out,” said John Ait- 
ken, a UBS Ltd. analyst in Lon- 
don. “They’ve had such poor 
results, they can't afford to be 
struggling with new products.” 

Mr. de Feo said Barclays had 
□o choice but to embrace multi- 
media. As networks and distri- 
bution channe ls change, the 
number of transactions at a 
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“Studies show that customers 
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tist," Mr. de Feo said. 

In 1993, Barclays recorded 
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after a loss of £242 million a 
year earlier, and it said first- 

f iuarter earnings were up. Still, 
or the year profit was below 
analysts’ expectations, and the 
stock price has dropped almost 
17 percent this year. 


Oil Deals 
Still Drag 
OnMetall 

Compiled by Ow Staff From Dispatches 

FRANKFURT — MetaDge- 
sdlschaft AG continues to be 

burdened by oil products con- 
tracts with Castle Energy Corp„ 
a U.S. company that is 40 per- 
cent owned oy the German con- 
glomerate. 

“Whoever thinks we’re defi- 
nitely over the hump is deceiv- 
ing themselves,” Karl-Josef 
' Neukirchen, the chief executive 
of Metallgesdlschafl. said in a 
company newsletter. “I can 
only urgently warn against this 
kind of euphoria.” 

Metallgesellscbaft narrowly 
avoided bankruptcy this year af- 
ter it lost about 2 billion Deut- 
sche marks ($1 billion) on oil 
futures trading. Mr. Neukirchen 
said MetaUgeseHschaft was still 
looking at ways to change con- 
tracts that obliged it tobuy re- 
fined oB products from Castle 
Energy at above-market prices. 

Mr. Neukirchen said the 
agreements between MetaQge- 
sellschaft’s U.S. subsidiary, 
MG Corp^ and Castle were “in- 
comprehensible.” 

“Whoever is responsible for 
the 76 individual contracts be- 
tween MG Corp. and Castle 
Energy must have certain 
thoughts in the back of his 
mind,” Mr. Neukirchen said. 

The chief executive declined 
to say whether be thought em- 
ployees had profited improper- 
ly from the contracts bnt noted 
ih»i some had received options 
on Castle Energy stock. 

“Castle Energy is a money 
machine,” be said. “MG Corp. 
is a money-destroying ma- 
chine.” 

Mr. Neukirchen repeated the 
company’s plans to split into 
three divisions for trading, 
plant construction and chemi- 
cals. 

■ Kanfhof Increases Stake 

Kanfhof Holding AG has in- 
creased its stake in Horten AG 
to 58 percent, news agencies re- 
ported from Dhssddorf. 

Dieter Juenemann, the chief 
executive of Horten, said Kauf- 
hofs bolding meant that Hor- 
ten, the fourth-largest German 
retailer, would be part of a suc- 
cessful retail and service group. 

He also predicted that par- 
ent-company sales in the fust 
half of the year would be down 
about 1.9 percent from a year 
earlier. He did not provide fig- 
ures. (AFX, Reuters) 


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Imenanroal Henld Tribone 


Very briefly: , 

• Credit Lyonnais SA’s rating on long-term senior debt was 
lowered by Standard A Poor’s Corp. to A- min us from A. 

• Imperial Chemical Industries PLC said its deputy chairman and 
chief executive, Ronnie Hampel, would succeed Sir Denys Hen- 
derson as chairman in 1995. Charles Miller Smith, an executive 
director of Unilever PLC, will replace Mr. HampeL 

• Italy's Senate approved the Istituto Narionale Assicurazioni 
privatization bill without amendments. INA’s public offering 
begins on Monday. 

• France will have to invest 600 billion francs ($105 billion) to 
build a network of information superhighways, a government- 
commissioned repon said. 

• Bayeriscbe Veremsbank AG said it issued 1 billion koruna ($57 
million) of three-year 1 1 percent bonds, making it the first foreign 
bank to issue debt in the Czech Republic for the refinancing needs 
of its operations based in the country. 

• Air France unit Air Inter said it has signed a contract with 
Fokker NV to lease five Fokker-100 aircraft. 

• French National Railways forecast a loss of 7.68 billion francs in 

1994, compared with a loss of 7.7 billion in 1993. according 10 a 
parliamentary report. Bloomberg, AFX, Reuters 

ILK. Papers Join Price War 

Compiled by Ow Staff Ftvm Dispatches 

LONDON — A price war among Britain's national newspapers 
gathered steam Wednesday when The Daily Telegraph, the coun- 
try’s biggest-selling full-size dally, and The Independent, econom- 
ically the weakest of the five full-size papers, cut their prices. 

The Telegraph will reduce its weekday price to 30 pence (45 
cents) from 48 pence. The Independent then said it would trim its 
weekday price from 50 pence to 20, and was considering even 
more drastic action. 

The Telegraph price matches the one adopted in 1993 by its 
rival. The Tunes. The Guardian is. at least for the time being, 
maintaining its 45 pence price. (AFP. Reuters) 


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Hrralb^^Sribunc 


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Fosters 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


Teams for Seiko ’s Quest: Only Time Will Tell 


Breweries 
In China 

Bloomberg Businas News 

HONG KONG — Fosters' 
Brewing Group Ltd., the 
world’s fourth-largest brewing 
company, and the Hong Kong 
conglomerate Whoeiock & Co. 
are exploring brewingjoint ven- 
tures in China, with potential 
investments of $1 billion. 

China’s beer market is the 
second-largest in the world and 
likely to surpass the United 
Slates within a few years. 

Fosters’ has already set up 
two brewing joint ventures in 
Shanghai and in Doumen, in 
the southern province of 
Guangdong. The company 
owns 60 percent of each. 

The two companies said they 
had already started to evaluate 
proposals to create breweries 
on undeveloped sites in Wuhan, 
in central China: in Chengdu in 
the southwest and in the north- 
ern port of Tianjin. 

The SI billion would be in- 
vested in phases, probably 
stretching over a five-year peri- 
od, WheSock said. 

Wbeelock plans five regional 
hubs in China around Guangz- 
hou, Shanghai, Wuhan, 
Chengdu and Beijing-Tianjin. 
By developing breweries in 
these five centers, Fosters’ 
would have access to an urban 
population of 250 million. 

China's beer market grew by 
about 2.3 billion liters (2.4 bil- 
lion quarts) in 1993. to 12.3 bil- 
lion liters. That compares with 
an Australian beer market of 
1.7-billion liters. 

China's per-capita beer con- 
sumption last year was about 
eight liters, compared with 
roughly 100 liters a year in the 
United States, Britain and Aus- 
tralia. 

■ Unrest at Foreign Finns 

There were more than 260 
strikes last year at foreign-in- 
vested companies in China, The 
Associated Press said, quoting 
from an official newspaper. 

The Beijing Legal Daily said 
local governments were often 
unwilling to force foreign inves- 
tors to comply with safety laws. 


Bloomberg Business News 

TOKYO — When Seiko Corp. mar- 
keted the world’s first quartz wristwatch 
back in 1969, it was crafted bv hand and 
cost about SI, 400. 

The watch bad 100 times the accuracy 
of the finest mechanical timepiece, but it 
cost more than 12 times as much. Some 
of Seiko’s own retailers refused to handle 
any of the fewer than 200 quartz watches 
produced that year. 

In 1 993, Seiko alone sold more than 30 
million quartz watches, with prices start- 
ing around S20. Today, however, the 
company badly needs another break- 
through. 

The watch market is saturated, and 
tough new competitors are springing up 
around Asia. Seiko still packs a brand- 
name punch, but die 1990s have pro- 
duced some bruising numbers for the 
company, which released its annual re- 
sults last month. 

In the business year that ended March 
31, the Seiko group posted a 6.5 billion 
yen (S65 million) current loss, almost 
twice the previous year's deficit 

The paren t company saw current prof- 
it jump 142 percent to 3.3 billion yen. but 
not from selling watches. With interest 
rates f allin g, it just got a break on bank 
borrowing and put aside smaller provi- 
sions against losses. 

‘Tt will take lime,” said a company 
official. Like a lot of other Japanese 
companies, Seiko blames its troubles on 


the strong yen and sluggish economic 
growth in most of its major markets, 
including Japan. 

Seiko also sells clocks and jewelry, but' 
watches accounted for 58 percent of its 
sales at the parent level. So Seiko expects 
another big group loss in the year to 
March 1995 and a 40 percent drop in 
current profit at Lbe parent level. 

“Total demand for watches is increas- 
ing very modestly,” said Yutaka Sugiya- 

Seiko still packs a 
brand-name punch, but . 
the 1990s have 
produced some bruising 
numbers. 


ma, a precision instruments and elec- 
tronics analyst at UBS Securities. 

Seiko’s watch sales slipped from 160.3 
billion yen to 147.5 billion yen in the 
year to March, and Seiko expects anoth- 
er 21 percent drop in the current business 
year. Clock sales, about 15 percent of 
total sales, were little changed but are 
forecast to drop 16 percent this year. • 

The yen did much of the damage. At 
the beginning of the fiscal year, there 
were 114 yen to Ihe dollar. Now the 
doQar is hovering around 100 yen. 


When the yen soared in the second 
half of the 1980s, Seiko boosted volume 
and made do with smaller margin s. That 
strategy will not work again, because the 
market has been saturated. 

The company is fighting back by jazz- 
ing up its product line. 

A “kinetic” quartz wristwatch, re- 
vamped and put back on the market in 
1 993, is selling well. Energy generated by 
the movement of the wearer’s arm cre- 
ates the electric power to run it. Seiko 
expects to sell 1 million units in the year 
starting in April 1996 for a 20 percent to 
30 percent contribution to sales. 

Titanium casings, designed for aller- 
gy-sensitive wrists, also look promising. 

Seiko officials are excited about a 
pager watch the company is testing on 
10,000 users in Seattle, Washington, and 
Portland, Oregon. A network transmit- 
ting digital signals on unused FM fre- 
quencies can send messages, traffic re- 
ports and other data to wearers. 

Such a network will be up and running 
in Los Angeles this year. Two dozen 
other big cities are due to be on the 
network before mid- 1996. They are part 
of a larger project organized by a consor- 
tium of public and private organizations. 

With exports accounting for 313 per- 
cent of sales last year, Seiko expects to 
see the economies of Southeast Asia and 
China provide the biggest boost to sales. 


oa Futures Get Markets See Australia Rate Rise 

A Reprieve on 

Shanghai Bourse Government Says Economic Fundamentals Aren ’t Right 


Reuters Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches recent weeks, with yields on 10- Texas, is asking the court tO 

SHANGHAI — The Shang- SYDNEY — Australian year government bonds rising a order Gantry and its parent, 
hai Petroleum Exchange won ministers pledged Wednesday full percentage point in two Joint Energy Development In- 
another reprieve in its battle to not to cave in to pressure for weeks to their highest level in vestments Ltd. to stop purchas- 
stay in business, traders said higher interest rates as battle 215 years. Even money market ing Bridge Oil shares, alleging it 
Wednesday, but confusion still lines hardened between mar- rates are now discounting a 0.5 is violating U.S. law that pro- 
surrounds trading on one of Chi- kets seeking reassurance on in- point rise in the 4.75 percent hibits buying shares outside a 
na’s most important lang p? nation and a government intent official cash rate. lender offer without an exemp- 

Fulures on gasoline, diesel on keeping the recovery on The Australian dollar also non from the Securities and Ex- 
and heating oil, which were sup- trade. continued to rally on the pros- change Commission. 


na’s most important «rfiang ^ nation and a government intent official cash rate. 

Futures on gasoline, diesel on keeping the recovery on The Australia/ 
and heating oil, which were sup- trade. continued to rail) 


Weak Data 
For Japan 
Carmakers 

Compiled ty Our Staff From Dupcidhes 

TOKYO — Toyota Motor 
Corp. and Nissan Motor Co- 
on Wednesday announced fur- 
ther declines in domestic out- 
put, sales and exports in May, 
accompanied by increased pro- 
duction abroad. 

But Toyota said the domestic 
market was “headed toward a 
recovery* as sales by afl manu- 
facturers in May dropped only 
1.7 percent from a year earlier, 
the smallest decline so far this 
year. 

Toyota said its domestic pro- 
duction fell 8.9 percent from a 
year earlier to 263,843 vehicles, 
with its output of cars falling 10 
percent to 209,362 units. 

Toyota’s overseas production 
jumped 21 percent from May 
last year to 90,064 units, boost- 
ed by increased output in the 
United States and Britain. 

The carmaker’s exports de- 
clined 7.4 percent to 1 12.285 
units, the 12th straight year-on- 
year decline, due to a decrease 
in shipments to Asia and Eu- 
rope. Car exports fell 9.8 per- 
cent to 79,254 units. 

Nissan said domestic produc- 
tion in May dropped 26 percent 
from a year earlier to 101.188 
vehicles. Car production 
dropped 23 percent to 87,695 
units as bus and truck produc- 
tion plunged 40 percent to 
13,493 units. 

Nissan’s overseas production 
expanded 11 percent from a 
year earlier to 94,809 units, 
buoyed by increased output in 
the United States and Spain. 

Nissan's exports fell 14 per- 
cent to 37,600 units, the 22d 
month of year-on-year declines, 
which reflected sluggish de- 
mand in Germany, the Middle 
East and Asia. (AFP, Reuters) 


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Intemati final Herald Tribune 




. Jakarta - v • Stock index •' • 
NeWjbtfend N2S£^0 ~ 

; Bombay,'! \\ to&i* 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

Very briefly! 


• China’s biggest car show. Auto China *94, opens Thursday in 
Beijing, with leading automakers from the United States, Japan. 
Europe, South Korea and Australia putting models on display. 1 

• Vietnam said It approved $827 million in foreign investment in 

the first quarter, up 58 percent from a year earlier. i 

• Ho C Id Mmh Gty’s airport needs $1.8 billion of investment By 
2010 to handle an expected 50 million passengers and 1 million 
tons of cargo, the Vietnam News Agency said. 

• Itochu Corp. said it bought a 5 percent stake in the American 

multimedia software development company BroadVision Inc. for 
SI milli on. BroadVision is developing software for interactive 
cable television prog ramming . - 

• Procter & Gamble Co. has offered to set up an Association of 
Southeast Asian Nations industrial joint venture in which it could 
invest as much as $500 million in five years, the PUlippines’ trade 
secretary, Rizalino Navarro, said. 

• Peregrine Investments Hbkfings Ltd. of Hoag Kong said it was 

giving up plans to launch a joint-venture investment bank in India 
with Calcntta-based I7C Classic Finance Ltd. J 

AF, Reuters. AFP. AFX, Bloomberg 


posed to stop trading altogether A report in the country's pect of soaring returns, closing 
Thursday, have now simply leading financial daily jarred al- Wednesday at 74 31 U.S. cents, 
been suspended, an exchange ready jittery markets by saying compared with 74.01 cents 
spokesman said. the Reserve Bank of Australia Tuesday. 


spokesman said. the Reserve Bank of Australia 

The three contracts, which was preparing to lift rates de- 
account for almost aD trading spite government opposition, 
on the market, were originally Ministers blasted talk of an 
banned May 1 7. But after back- immediate rate rise, saying fun- 
room bargaining between damentals did not warrant such 
Shangha i and Beijing, June a move. Analysts sympathized 
contracts in those products re- with their position but won- 
sumed trading June 6. dered if they could last the 

• The latest move highlights a course. 


Lucas Aerospace to Join Aircraft-Repair Site in China 


policy tussle between Shanghai 
and Beijing. 


Speculation about a rate in- 
crease has mounted steadily in 


■ Fighting lor Bridge Oil 

Parker & Parsley Petroleum 
Co. fired another shot in its 
takeover battle for Australia's 
Bridge Oil Ltd. by filing suit in 
Dallas against rival bidder 
Gantry Acquisition Corp., 
Bloomberg Business News re- 
ported from Sydney'. 

Parker, based in Midland, 


Blonmben* Business News 

HONG KONG — Britain's Lucas 
Aerospace Ltd. has signed an agreement to 
set up a joint-venture repair and overhaul 
operation in Xiamen in southeast China. 

The business will be adjacent to a large 
aircraft maintenance center being built by 
Taikoo Aircraft Engineering Co., which is 
41 percent controlled by one of tbe world’s 
aircraft engineering companies. Hong 
Kong Aircraft Engineering. 


Lucas will own 65 percent and Taikoo. and two other carriers, Japan Airlines and 


35 percent of the new venture, which is due 
to begin operating in 1996. 

“This could become an aviation village.’’ 
said Nick Rhodes, public affairs general 
manager for Swire Pacific, the controlling 
shareholder in Hong Kong Aviation. He 
said that aviation engineering companies 
such as those -focusing on brakes and tires 
may be attracted to the site. 

Swire subsidiary Cathay Pacific Airways 


Singapore Airlines, each own 10 percent of 
Taikoo. Other shareholders arc :hc Civil 
Aviation Administration of China, the na- 
tion’s aviation industry regulator, with 9 
percent, and the Xiamen government-con- 
trolled Xiamen Corp. for International 
Techno-Economic Cooperation. 

Lucas Aerospace is part of Lucas Indus- 
tries PLC, which produces advanced tech- 
nology systems. 


Annual Reports 


vb 2 




- r . ~r 

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r - 

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ALCATEL 


A L S T H OM 


Alcatel Alsthom is an international producer of techno- 
logically advanced infrastructure equipment for the 
communications systems, energy and transport sec- 
tors. The group ranks 
among the world leaders 
in all of its areas of acti- 
vities. 

With 196,500 employ- 
ees, Alcatel Alsthom is 
active in over 100 coun- 
tries around the world. 

In 1993, with sales of 
F 156.3 billion, Alcatel 
Alsthom's net income 
amounted to FF 7 billion 
and placed it among the 
world's forty largest 
companies. l 



0 


LAFARGE 

copMe 

" Laferee Coppee is one of the World's foremost producers of butfdirig 
materials For over 160 years our products have been Improving the 

— quality of life by enhancing 

safety, comfort and esthetic 
appeal. By focusing on custo- 
mers and building on our exper- 
tise in industry and services, 
£ we bring all of our clients — 
notably professionals in 
construction, civil engineering 
and related industriesproducts 
uniquely stated to their needs. 

We hold leading positions in 
each of our core businesses: 
cement, concreted and aggre- 
gates. gypsum, calcium afomt- 


nates and formulated readyto- 





use products. By expanding 
our product line and moving 


■ 1 1 1 , ■ i >1 ' ■ ■ ^ ^ i r , , , j. 

! 'Un hiokonwitti markets. Lafarge Coppde is pursuing a strategy bum 



1993 results were in fine with preliminary estimates aid were affec- 
ted by the depressed economic climate in Continental Europe and 
espedaSy in France. 

Increased stations to provisions were responsible for a decline in 
net income despite progress achieved by the Group in terms of both 
banking income which rose 4.9% to FFr.41, 675 million and net opera- 

ting income which advanced 



,^iM*** 



8.5% to FFr. 12.457 milfion. 
Above all. 1993 was for BNP 
the year ol privatization which 
was as much a technical as a 
popular success and put BNP 
on an equal footing with its 
large international competitors. 
Consequently, BNP's goal is to 
ensure its development through 
a recovery of its profitability. To 
do so, BNP vri! be focusing its 
strategy on its two core busi- 
nesses : retail banking m 
France and inter national ban- 
king for large corporate and 
institutional clients. 2 


LKAB 

LKAB is one of the world's leading producers of highly 
upgraded iron ore products. More than 85 percent are 

delivered to European 
steel mills, but LKAB also 
exports to more distant 
markets such as the 
Middle East and 
Southeast Asia. 

Gross revenues in 1993 
t were MSEK 3,627 
(3,737). Income after 
financial items improved 
by 52 percent to MSEK 
608 (399), mainly due to 
iscfts greatly reduced costs, a 

slightly higher dollar and 
- . higher financial income. 

LKAB’s ongoing capital 
investments comprise the largest industrial investment 
project in Sweden at the present time and include a 
new main level and a new pelletizing plant in Kiruna 6 


#s 



C N P 




In 1993, Premium income: FRF 64.3 bn 

Net profit (Group Share): FRF 1.262 bn 
Assets managed: FRF 217 bn 

CNP is France’s leading personal insurer thanks to 

its expertise constantly 
renewed by the drive 
toward innovation. Its 
market share reached 

17% in 1993. 

CNPs statute has chan- 
ged: it became a limited 
liability company in 
1992. CNP’s imminent 
listing on the Paris Stock 
Exchange and the 
strengthening of its capi- 
etokb tal base will guarantee its 
ppip coming developments. 





[VONNAISE 

DESEAUX 

Lyonnaise des Eaux is an industrial group which is present in over 
80 countries. Associating construction and services gives 
Lyonnaise des Eaux the capacity to contribute to longterm improve- 
ment of community life and the environment 

• _ Two main sectors of activity: 

- Services: services to com- 
munities in the field of environ- 
ment (water, waste manage- 
- ment, energy technologies), 
services to society at large 
{cable and broadcast TV, heaL 
thcare, mortuary services...) 

■ Construction: buildings and 
civil engineering, road-buil- 
ding, concessionary opera- 
tions (toll-roads and car 
^ P ar ^ s )i industrial activities, 

93,6 bn FFr. in 1993 revenues, 

fjg^jf ■ ®nPsl 3 wor kforce of 120,000 

" '*■’ ' employees. 7 




Elf Aquitaine is one of the 10 largest oil & gas compa- 
nies worldwide, and one of France's leading industrial 
groups in terms of sales and market capitalization. 
Since February 22, 1994, Elf is now a private enterpri- 
se, comprising over 800 companies, active around 
the world. 

A major integrated oil company active from wellhead 
> to Sasoline pump, Eff car- 

\ • ‘ ' WI&r -W- ries out complementary 

sgg|5 operations in basic and 

Ms} specialty chemicals, heal- 

gH th, beauty products and 

fglg bio-activities. 

■ Key consolidated figures 1993: 

Sales: FF 209 675 Bn 

K Operating 

Income: FF 6 418 Bn 

Net income: FF 1070 Bn 
etf Chairman and CEO: 

Philippe Jaffre. 4 



CALQR . ROWENTA. SEB. TEFAL 

With sales totalling FF 8,388 million in 1993, net income 
of FF 331 million, and 10,000 employees, Groupe SEB 
ranks among the world leaders in the small household 

equipment sector. 

todtg i Our products are sold in 

over 100 countries. On 
OJSJyi most markets, they are 

cA L o B .R OWB Nr 4 .« B . TW fa distributed principally 

under the brand names 
Rowenta and Tefal (or 
T-Fal). 

The SEB shares are 
quoted on the Paris 
Stock Exchange. An 
independent enterprise, 
Groupe SEB endeavours 
to ensure for its share- 
holders an attractive 
■ > » > investment income and 

steady capital growth. 8 


r Tleasesend me the following Annual Reports: 
J ° COPP&* 


Name 

Job Title 

Company 

Address 


- 4 MbWP 6 □ LKAB Address 

z i n Sra 70 Lyonnaise des Eaux — 

L ’ Iq ELF AQUITAINE 8 □ Group SEB City _ Country 


Mail or fax this coupon to: 
Annual Report Service 
International Herald Tribune 
181 Avenue Charles de Gaulle 
92521 Neuilly Cedex, France. 
Fax: (1)46 37 52 12. 


L'iiW— i 


/ 





































































































































INTERN ATI ON A L HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 



Page .1 


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For information on how to list your fund, fax Simon OSBORN at (33-1) 46 37 21 33. 


G 



OIL & MONEY 

London ■ October 17 & l 8 


The Oil Daily Group Itcralb^^Sribunc. 































































£3?2???|?5fCE52J5sSif553?' n 2 , SS75gS!?ff052EBff“P?£>> 


Page ia 


ADVERTISING SECTION 


“The Czech Republic lies at the very 
center of Europe. Sometimes we even 
think of ourselves as being its 
very heart . For this reason, we have 
always been a particularly exposed 
place , unable to stay out of any 
of Europe's conflicts. Due to this, 
everything that has happened 
in Europe has intrinsically 
concerned us. We are among 
the expert witnesses of the 
political reality of Europe *s 
interconnectedness Vaclav Havel, 
president of the Czech Republic. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 



lie 


Area: 78,864 square kilometer* 

(30,449 square miles) 

President: Vaclav Havel 
Prime Minister: Vaclav Klaus 
Capital: Prague (pop. 1.22 million) 

Other major cities: 

Brno (392,614) 

Ostrava (331. 504 j 
Plzen 1 174.676) 

General information: 

Czech Republic 

Ministry of Industry and Trade 

Na Frantisku 32 

110 15 Prague l 

Tel.: (42-2)" 28 5 2254 

Fax: (42-2)285 33 42 

Investor's information and services: 

Czechlnvest (Jan A, Haveika, Chief Executive) 

Czech. Agency For Foreign Investment 

Poliiii. k>eh vcvnu 20 

U2 49 Prague 1 

Tel: (42-2) 24 22 1540 ‘ 

Fax: (42-2) 24 221S<4 



Wy right in the heart of Europe 


Engines for Growth: Privatization and 


0BW number of indus- 
fw £ fjl trialized coun- 
W ^ ®f| tries managed to 
a-Ai run a trade sur- 
plus in 1993. including Ger- 
many and Japan. Several 
others registered a federal 
budget surplus. Only the 
Czech Republic accom- 
plished both feats. 

In its first year of exis- 
tence. the country recorded 
one of Europe's lowest rates 
of unemployment and the 


largest increase in exports 
(20 percent, excluding trade 
with the Slovak Republic), 
while maintaining world- 
besL levels of education and 
occupational training. These 
stellar figures are even more 
impressive in light of the 
country's recent history and 
its current situation. 

On January 1. 1993, the 
Czech Republic came into 
being. One of the two suc- 
cessor states to the Czech 


and Slovak Federation, its 
first two years were to be 
spent - according to the con- 
ventional wisdom of the 
time - overcoming the 
painful psychological and 
practical aftereffects of sepa- 
ration. 

The conventional wisdom 
was wrong. Aside from a 
few initial squabbles about 
the division of common 
property and a few other mi- 
nor glitches, the divorce is 


Goal Is Developing Advanced Technologies 


orn in 1953. Vladimir 
||| » Jjl Dlouhy earned an MBA 
^ Jg from the Catholic Uni- 
TOBBaa versily of Louvain ( Bel- 
giuml in 1978. In the following 
decade, he lectured in econometrics 
at the Prague School of Economics, 
did research a! the Czechoslovak 
Academy of Sciences and was a 
founding" member of the country's 
Instituted’ Forecasting. 

In 1989. Mr. Dlouhy was one of 
the seven Civic Forum representa- 
tives lied by Vaclav Havel) who 
formed the country \s post- Velvet 
Revolution government After serv- 
ing as the last chairman of Czecho- 
slovakia's Planning Commission. 
Mr. Dlouhy founded its successor, 
the Ministry of Economic Affairs. 
Since the establishment of the Czech 
Republic. Mr. Dlouhy has been its 
minister of industry and trade. 

How lung will the Czech Republic 
remain the land of ultra-low wages 
and high qualifications and output? 

It’s just a question of time before 
the "window" is closed by the 
process it has set off. Let me explain. 
Investors are currently rushing to 
produce relatively simple, produc- 


tion-eost-imensive items in the 
Czech Republic, or to purchase 
these items from our local produc- 
ers. This inflow of investment and 
demand has facilitated the Czech 
Republic's turnaround, which was 
largely completed in 1993. The in- 
flow is now helping to generate 
broad-based growth - and a con- 
comitant rise in wages. 

No one knows how much lime it 
will take for Czech wages to reach 
Western levels. But there is a con- 
sensus as to what needs to be done 
during this relatively short period. 

And that is? 

Thanks to this inflow, we are now 
.successfully transacting a large vol- 
ume of business with non-Czech 
companies on a daily basis. Our task 
at hand is to capitalize on these rela- 
tionships. to upgrade them in terms 
of what our companies produce and 
how they do so, to parlay the in- 
creasing access we are getting to 
world markets into better access to 
advanced technologies. 

That's why we welcome outside 
investment, particularly the "high 
brainpower," high-value-added kind 
we’ve been increasingly securing 


over the last year or so. An example 
is Motorola's new product develop- 
ment facility. It will bring both jobs 
- between 250 and 300 - and exper- 
tise to the country. 

Isn 't this scenario rather reminis- 
cetu of the experience of Taiwan and 
the other Asian tigers !' 

The label of "Central Europe's 
tiger” has in fact been widely ap- 
plied to this country over the last few 
years, h is misleading, for two rea- 
sons. Unlike Taiwan or Thailand, 
the Czech Republic is not making a 
new start, but rather a comeback. 
For most of the industrial era, this 
country was at the forefront of tech- 
nological change, and the skills of 
our work force reflect that fact. Even 
during the Communist era. the then- 
Czechoslovakia was a highly suc- 
cessful exporter of durables and oth- 
er high-value-added goods through- 
out the world. Seconcfly. the Czechs, 
while industrious, are not eager to 
dispense with the joys of weekends 
and vacations. 

We do have one situation in com- 
mon with Asia's tigers, though: 
Sooner or later, we're going to face 
strong competition from our less-de- 



Vladhnir Dlouhy, the Czech Republic's 
minister of industry and trade 

veloped neighbors. The Asian 
tigers' Vietnaras and mainland Chi- 
nas are our Ukraines and Bulgarian 
Within a few years, these countries 
will be the center of Iow-wage-dri- 
ven development. 

By then, the Czech Republic’s 
main attraction to investors will no 
longer be its low wages, but rather, 
hopefully, its advanced technolo- 
gies. Accomplishing this transfor- 
mation is our main job, and we have 
very little time to get it done. 


working better than the last 
phases of the marriage. The 
major formal economic tie 
between the Czech and Slo- 
vak Republics is their cus- 
toms union, which has facil- 
itated a fairly large volume 
of trade between die coun- 
tries. In 1993. the Slovak 
Republic was the Czechs’ 
second-largest trading part- 
ner. 

Nor has the divorce 
caused any discernible up- 
heavals or soul-searching 
within the Czech Republic. 
The new republic’s min- 
istries and organizations 
have carried on the work of 
their predecessors with no 
noticeable interruption or 
uncertainty. This is not sur- 
prising, as many have the 
same staffs and assignments. 

The Czech Republic's 
current economic statistics 
and its historical identity 
place it at the heart of Eu- 
rope. In advancing their ties 
to NATO and to the Euro- 
pean Union, the Czechs, led 
by Josef Zieleniec. the coun- 
try’s foreign minister, have 
displayed a great store of 
flexibility and pragmatism. 
The long-term goal remains 
clean full political and eco- 
nomic reintegration into the 
western world after more 
than four decades of separa- 
tion. 

The Czechs’ post-revolu- 
tion GDP and industrial out- 
put slumps were relatively 
short and mild by the re- 
gion's standards. The Czech 
GDP is set to grow by some 
3 percent this year. The turn- 
around in manufacturing 
output finally arrived in 


March of this year, without- 
put showing its first year-on- 
year rise. And an estimated' 
55 percent of the Czech 
economy is now controlled 
by the private sector. - . 

The main motors of this . 
transition have been the 
country’s privatization pro- 
gram and its burgeoning ser- 
vices sector. More than 
22,120 entities have been re- 
lumed to the private sector, 
often to their previous oper- 
ators. hi addition, the coun- 
try has restored assets worth 

Around 55 percent 
of businesses have 
been privatized . 

some $4.2 billion to their 


Does an e^titableJtrMijtfer 


new management styiesantf 
capital resources -nieces saty-.’ 
to transform often-unwieldy 
companies? PrimeMnisieL 
Vaclav : Klans- says that 
voueber jiriyatizariou was 
best suited to^flie Ozech Re^ 
public’s situation: strong on 
seasoned manager^ short cxi 
domestic capital, with good,' 
immediate - * • business, 
prospects. ‘^Give the co mpa- 
niesa proper ownership and 
jet -them eara capital frobr 
market activities” has been 

his philosophy. 

Tlte me^apd^^jedfic^]- 
Jy the new, pnvate-secttnr - 
broadcasters, are-one oFtbe 
fastest-growing areas iivtfce ; 
country's boonurigi^VTpe 
sector. Business -to4jnsrhg® 
.services are another,-pomfe 


mu 


BRNO 

YOUR WAY 
TO NEW MARKETS 



INTERNATIONAL FAIRS AND EXHIBITIONS 
IN BRNO - JULY - DECEMBER 1994 


INTERCOMS 

International Doc Show 


2.- 3.7. 



KABO 18.-20.8. 

Fair of Footwear and Leatherwane. 
Collection Spring/Summer '95 

INTERNATIONAL ENGINEERING 
FAIR 1 4. -20.9. 

MEFA 2.-5. 10. 

International Trade Fair of Medicine 
Technology and Pharmacy 

REHAPROTEX 2.-5. 10. 

International Exhibition for 
Rehabilitation. Compensation. Prothciic 
and Orthopedic Aids 

STYJL - FASHION POINT 4.-7. 10. 

International Fair of Fashion. Footwear. 
Comet ic'; and Accessories 


IN VEX - COMPUTER 1 8.-22. 10. 

International Exhibition of Software. Hardware. 
Office Equipment and Telecommunications 

ENVTBRNO S.- 11.11. 

International EnvjromemaJ Engineering 
Exhibition 

SIMET S.-II.1I. 

International Workshop Fair 

WELDING - ROBOT 8.-1 1. II. 

Iniemutionl Welding Engineering 
Exhibiton 

WOOD -TEC 8.-1 1. II. 

Intemationi Fair of Machinery and 
Equipment for Wood Industry 

AUTO, MOTO, VELO 24.-27.ll. 

Sales and Contracting Exhibitions speciali- 
zed in Means of individual Road Transport 

PRE CHRISTMAS MARKET .... 9.- 1 S. 1 2. 


All changes in the dates reserved 


For detailed Information: 

nvivi 


P.O.BOX 491, Vystaviste 1 
660 91 BRNO, Czech Republic 


6RN0 TRADE FAIRS 
AND EXHIBITIONS, Co. Ltd 


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parties have either been sold 
directly or auctioned: V \ 1 L 

“Voucher privatization,”' 
the Czechs’ contribution to 
the world’s catalogue of pri- 
vatization measures, is still 
in full swing. In mid-April, 
its second round, involving 
846 companies, began. The 
first round, launched in 
1991, resulted in the privati- 
zation of 94! companies. 

In this system, each Czech 
citizen can acquire, at a 
nominal price, vouchers 
worth 1,000 points. He or 
she can “spend” them direct- 
ly to acquire shares in one or 
more newly constituted 
companies, or sell or transfer 
these points to investment 
funds set up for that purpose. 

The voucher system is 
credited with having built a 
"pro- privatization” consen- 
sus among the Czechs, 
three-quarters of whom have 
become shareholders 
through it, and with keeping 
the reapportionment squab- 
bles of privatization down to 
a bare minimum. 


4 director of theCsechop^, 
dobs of Hill Interpatidnll; 
the interttatidhal hmnah^- 
source consi^grcompaqy. 

“Tbe imtial.w^e^pfirrterr. 
est by Western inultintaicsj- 
als to set up a base ih- the 
Czech Republic triggered a 
scramble for office space, 
equipment and, most impor- 
tantly, qualificid pei^iniid,” * 
ML Haidar says/ “Service 
companieslike btas profited 
from this scramble, which 
has gradually subsided; A 
new wave of interest- — this 
time from second-genera- 
tion Western investors, and 
from rapidly growing do- 
mestic companies - has tak : . 
en its place.” V - ■ 

Vladimir Dlouhy; the 
Czech Republic's minister 
of industry and trade, say^ 
“AH these achievements" 
have re-established ihe: 
Czechs' position Mn the 
mainstream of world events. 
That’s not something you 
can quantify in crowns and 
hellers, or dollars and cents, 
but it is still very imporCHit.” 


This advertising section was produced in its entirety by 
the supplements division of the International Herald 
Tribune's advertising department • It was sponsored by 
the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic 
and by the display advertisers. • It was written by Teny. 
Swartzberg, a writer based in Munich. 


Personnel consulting 
and psychological testing 
for companies of all sizes 


Hill International, HaslaJska 27. 1 TO 00 Praha 1 


• U5MM» BELGIUM BUL64HI* IIS Cfl 
PDLJHD R0HMIA 





Tel.: 231 9347. 231 3370 Fax: 231 3236 








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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 1 


Page 19 

ADVERTISING SECTION 


: . :vv ■■ 




Tourism: Exploring the Country Beyond Prague 


( •' ,VT- 


he Czech Repub- 
lic’ s other “Pra- 
gues’* are uwaii- 
ing the next 
tourist boom. Olomouc. 
Tele and Kromeriz are still 
th e exc lusive province of an 
historians, Austro-Hungari- 
an Empire buffs and local 
culture vultures. Even the 
most peripatetic tourists 
would have trouble locating 
them — or even Moravia, the 
province in which they are 
located. 

Only five years ago, that 
relative obscurity was en- 
joyed by ‘Prague itself, 
which is now attracting an 
unprecedented number of 
tourists. In 1993, some 72 
million people visited the 
Czech Republic - three 
times more than in the four 
previous years. Tourist rev- 


enues in the country have in- 
creased 387 percent during 
the same period, while the 
numbers of hotels and hotel 
beds in Prague doubled. 

Five years from now, it 
could be the Moravian 
cities' lum. Or that of Ceske 
Budejovice, Cesky Krumlov 
and other undiscovered 
sites. These cities have pre- 
boom Prague's mix of stun- 
ning medieval edifices and 
romantically empty streets. 

And they have something 
more. Prague, as anyone ar- 
riving by car ex' train has no- 
ticed, is surrounded by in- 
dustrial zones. Its smaller 
counterparts, on the other 
hand, are located in such 
natural preserves as the 
Moravian Karst, 100 square 
kilometers of labyrinthine 
caves, subterranean rivers 


and precipitous gorges, the 
source of much of the coun- 
try’s lore and legends. 

Of course, there is an im- 
portant difference between 
today’s Moravia and the 


Some cities are 
surrounded by 
natural parks 


Prague of five years ago: a 
fully functioning service 
sector. While not quite able 
to compete with Prague's 
proliferation of restaurants, 
fast-food outlets and hotels, 
these cities do offer a nice 
choice of accommodations 
and restaurants. 

In Olomouc, there is a 


Prague-like abundance of 
freshly painted edifices, 
scaffolding and hammering. 
All this restoration has been 
triggered by the impending 
arrival of one tourist - the 
Pope - who is scheduled to 
come here next year. 

As the Czechs are fond of 
pointing out, their country is 
a central part of Central Eu- 
rope. Prague is close to 
many points in Europe (270 
kilometers by road from Vi- 
enna. 470 kilometers from 
Munichj. And it is within an 
hour's flying time from most 
Continental European desti- 
nations. Some 1 15 flights a 
day now connect Ruzyne 
airport (20 kilometers north- 
west of Prague) to the rest of 
the world, an increase of 
1 19.6 percent over last year. 

There is literally no spot in 


the Czech Republic that is 
not served by the country’s 
bus system. While the inde- 
fatigable buses are not 
famed for their speed, they 
are still faster (and some- 
what cheaper) than the coun- 
try’s railroads, which are 
generally excruciatingly 
slow. The buses compete 
with a swelling number of 
cars for increasingly scarce 
space on the country's 
roads. The traffic jams en- 
demic to downtown Prague 
and the country's main high- 
ways will soon be alleviated 
by a new system of divided 
highways. 

For information, contact 
the Czech Tourist Authority, 
Staromestske namesti 6. 110 
15 Prague 1. Tel.: (42-2) 231 
28 39; fax: (42-2) 231 42 27. 


Appreciation for Culture Has a Long History 



he Czechs have 
world-class per- 
formers, venues 
and - most im- 
portantly - audieoces. The 
historical role of culture in 
this country explains why. 

Two hundred cultural fes- 
tivals are staged every year 
in the Czech Republic, plac- 
ing the country at the upper 
end of international aver- 
ages of annual cultural 
events. These festivals range 
from the Prague Spring in- 
ternational music festival 
(mid-May to early June) and 
the Brno International Mu- 
sic Festival (September and 
October) to such obscure but 
fascinating events as Cheb's 
Festival of One-Person 
Groups. As befits the “capi- 
tal of young people’s Eu- 


rope,” Prague's 40 or so dai- 
ly cultural events are heavily 
weighted toward the avant- 
garde and the innovative. 

Distinguishing these festi- 
vals and events is neither 
their number nor their quali- 
ty (which is invariably 
high), but their audiences' 
evident appreciation for cul- 
ture, which stems from the 
highly divergent, often con- 
tradictory ways culture 
formed this nation-state. 

Musicians, not politicians, 
were the first to articulate 
the idea of a Czech national 
identity. In the mid-1870s, 
Bedrich Smetana, the first of 
the country’s peerless “Big 
Four” composers, wrote 
“Ma Vlast” (“My Coun- 
try”). In six symphonic po- 
ems, this work lyrically 




Industry in action: putting the final touches on a car at Skoda VW. 


Agencies Struggle 
To Keep Track of 
Rapid Growth 


IS3 


nr economy is 
substantially un- 
der-counted,” 


cialist world's business cal- 
endars; the other was 
Leipzig’s main event, held 


says Vladimir . in the spring. In the post- 
DVouhy, the Czech Repub- communist era, faced with 


lie’s Minister of Industry 
and Trade. “That’s partially 
because we’re still not fin- 
ished setting up statistical 
reporting and evaluation 
anus. It’s also due to the na- 
ture of our new economy. 
The number of our small 
. and medium-sized compa- 
nies has been greatly ex- 
panding, and 

; now totals one . — — — 

'■ million com- ^ 

} panics and 
! other econom- fairs he\ 

i .ie entities, in- hn c A 

eluding sin- a 

gle-person en- " i — — 
teiprises - as 
far as we know. Many have 
Just been- founded; others 
have yet to be noticed by 
our 'monitoring agencies.” 

Though small, these en- 
terprises have a collective 

importance as large, as that 

6f 'Skoda VW (automo- 
biles), Skoda Plzen (eleetri- 


The number of 
fairs held in Brno 
has doubled 


fierce competition from 
Western Germany’s mighty 
trade-fair authorities, 
Leipzig has been valiantly 
struggling to regain at least a 
portion of its former pre- 
eminence. 

Brno, on the other hand, is 
in a more enviable position. 
Thanks to a relative lack of 
competition 
• and the 

*>er of «££ 

in Brno Czech econo- 

ray, Brno 
Ublea Fairs and Ex- 

hibitions has 

achieved 
growth all down the line, in 
the number of international 
fair s held (26 in 1993, as op- 
posed to 12 in 1990), in ex- 
hibition space rented 
(330,000 square meters, or 
around 3.5 million square 
feet, in 1993, up 30 percent 
over the figure three yeare 


cal engineering) and the ago) and m the WMv 
Czech? Republic’s other of exhibitors, which has 
ho usefrold name s . These more than doubled during 


“small 'fry” receive a major 
portion of foreign orders for 
finished aqd semi-finished 
jpods. . : 

; Itiinay be difficult to get 
an -accurate count of them, 
bqt it is possible to get an 
•overview", of their latest 
‘products and services by 
traveling- to Brno, the 
• Czechs’ primary trade-fair 

venues 

- For four decades, Bmo s 
auh mfn fam i were one of the 
stops on the so- 


this period. 

With a total of 38 fairs 
and exhibitions planned for 
1994 at the city’s trade-fair 
and exhibition grounds in 
1994, Brno is not only larg- 
er than its’ previous incarna- 
tion, but is also more varied 
This is a reflection of the 
Czech economy's increas- 
ing diversity. Scheduled 
new events include fairs fo- 
cused around computers, 
energy-saving technologies 

and consumer goods. 



evoked the sweep of the 
country's natural attractions 
and the twisting saga of its 
history. Its debut, in '1879, 
was both an artistic and po- 
litical event. “Ma Vlast” is 
credited with helping to 
change the country's politi- 
cal agenda from equality 
within the Austro-Hungari- 


an empire to independence. 

Leos Janacek. Antonin 
Dvorak and Bohuslav Mart- 
inu followed Smetana in 
stoking political fires and 
earning international ac- 
claim. They joined Smetana 
in fashioning Moravian and 
Bohemian folk tunes into a 
new musical idiom - and 
into a call to arms. Today, 
this tradition is being fur- 
thered by such modern com- 
posers as Petr Eben. 

Czech writers and 
thinkers, on the other hand, 
were anything but nation- 
minded. In their cafd dis- 
course and discord, Rilke. 
Kafka and their ilk formulat- 
ed Europe's intellectual id- 
iom and melded Prague's di- 
vergent nationalities into a 
single cosmopolitan unit. 


“Culture and cafes - where 
it is preached and practiced 
- are the only elements bind- 
ing us in Prague together,” 
wrote a Prague-based jour- 
nalist early in the 20th cen- 
tury. Today, cultural events 
remain Prague's common 
ground, the meeting points 
of this reborn city's huge, 
mobile population. 

One genre has bridged the 
gap between ardent nation- 
building and committed cos- 
mopolitanism. partly be- 
cause it is neither spoken nor 
heard. Performed by such 
artists as Milan Sladek and 
such groups as Latema 
Magica and Theater Image, 
Czech mime and “move- 
ment theater" are staples of 
both Czech and international 
cultural calendars. 






r* 


'*1 


rv-’*- . 



faces {from top): ■ 

A fountain in Olomouc; 
street scene fa Kariwry 
Vary; Prague's ca& 
society. The next wave 
cfirisftonsfe expected fc 
verttumbeyoadtog 
capital to expiate 
tfecwntjyfymany - 
o&ermtractions. 



A Viable Financial Sector Is Already Functioning Well 


pgMBLyi n finance, as in other fields, the Czechs have 
WBI 89 largely kept their own counsel developing and 
H deploying their-own policies. The outcome of 
this independence has been highly positive, if not 
immediately apparent 

The similarities between the Czech financial community 
and those of the rest of Central and Eastern Europe are con- 
crete and obvious. Like its counterparts, the Czech Republic 
now features many private-sector banks (a total of 58. 30 of 
which are partially or entirely foreign-owned); a very young, 
volatile stock market with 20 regularly-traded issues; and a 
proliferation of automatic tellers, financial-service compa- 
nies and reorganized insurers. 

Central European economies are generally presided over 
by central and other banks that are on a par with the best of 
those in Western Europe and Japan. In the Czech Republic's 
case, this excellence has been accorded due recognition. 
Josef Tosovsky, governor of the Ceska Narodnf Banka 
(Czech National Bank) was recently named Central Banker 
of the Year by Euromoney magazine. What sets the Czech 
Republic's financial sector apart from those of its neighbors 
manifests itself in the balance sheets and official figures. The 
credit crunch plaguing Central and Eastern Europe's compa- 
nies has yet to become acute in the Czech Republic, and the 
Czech government is not burdened by a massive debt load. 

According to Martin Svehla, spokesman for the Czech 
National Bank, local businesses are still “rather freely” re- 


ceiving loans from the country's banks - a statement corrob- 
orated by the latest figures. In 1993. the country's total vol- 
ume of commercial credit rose 20 percent. The Czech Re- 
public's debt-per-capita figure currently stands at $852, the 
lowest in Central and Eastern Europe (with the exception of 
Romania) and third-lowest in Europe as a whole. 

The Czech Republic has also been spared a crippling rate 
of inflation and a currency of ever-dwindling worth. Tem- 

Capital inflow grew by 
37 percent in 1993 

porarily boosted by J993*s introduction of a 23 percent val- 
ue-added tax on goods and services, inflation has returned to 
its previously low levels and is currently running at a very 
moderate 0.4 percent monthly rale. The Czech crown has 
been stable since 1993. 

The country’s ability to avoid the financial problems be- 
setting its neighbors is the result of a series of iconoclastic 
decisions taken by Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus, the Czech 
National Bank and other senior financial authorities in the 
early days of the new era. Most of the region’s countries 
rushed to exploit their new financial freedom by making 
their currencies convertible and by undertaking forays into 
international capital markets. 


In a “fiisi-things-ftrsr” policy, the Czech financial authori- 
ties, on the cither hand, devoted themselves to clearing up the 
problems of the past. The balance sheets of the country’s 
newly privatized banks, for example, contained large “cam - 
over debts” from the previous regime. The new government 
assumed these debts, positioning the banks for a “clean 
slate” start. As a consequence of these and other moves, 
Czech banks recorded an impressive 55 percent increase in 
profits in 1993. 

Another successful strategy has been a step-by-step ap- 
proach to convertibility. To encourage outside investment, 
Czech authorities quickly instituted regulations allowing for 
the complete and free repatriation of investment capital and 
profits. 

To keep a grip on the transnational flows of funds, the au- 
thorities also required the depositing of foreign currencies at 
major banks. While not interfering with the development of 
trade, this measure has curbed the monetary volatility afflict- 
ing a number of other countries in the region. 

International financial bodies and investors have voiced 
their approval of these measures. Debt issues from the Czech 
National Bank, the city of Prague and CEZ (the country's 
energy supplier) have been awarded investment-grade rat- 
ings. CEZ is the first private-sector company in Central and 
Eastern Europe to receive such a rating. In 1993, the inflow 
of capital into the Czech Republic increased by 37 percent, 
to $2.9 billion. 




nn 


★ * ★ ★ 


HOTEL ATRIUM PRAHA 


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DOES YOUR BRAND 
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Page 20 



INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1094 


Leadin 


The Aisocitiicd Pros 

John Franco was frustrated 
alter his New York Mels team- 
niates helped him botch what 
could have been a record*set- 
ang save. 

r He sounded so much like 
Bret Saberhagen it’s likelv the 
Mets will s«x>n be huddling be- 
hind closed doors. 

Earlier. Saberhagen. the two- 
dme Cy Young Award-winner. 
7-3 with a 3.59 ERA this season, 
said he’s unhappy with the di- 
rection the team is going. 

That was before it blew an- 
other game it should have won, 
allowing two runs with two outs 
in the ninth inning as the Braves 
rallied for a 4-3 victory Tuesday 
night in Atlanta. 

“We gave them an extra out 
and you see what happens, ” 
Franco said. "It’s getting real 
ugly again. We started out good 
but then fell back into bad hab- 
its." 

- The extra out is becoming a 
Mets’ specialty. 

•‘ On Monday, outfielder Jim 
Lindeman dropped a fly ball. 
This time, third baseman Bob- 
by Bonilla tried to barehand a 
slow roller and grabbed only 
Sr. 

1 With two outs and a runner 
on first. Franco got Jeff B la user 
to bit a slow roller to third. 
*? Bobby fields the ball and it’s 
over," Franco said. 

- He didn't. 



9th, Mets Fold 


“And they scored it a hit. 
Thai’s a joke.” Franco said. 

After Bonilla’s nonplav. 
Franco did the rest 

He gave up a single to Ro- 
berto Kelly that tied it, then 
grooved a pilch that Fred 
McGriff ripped into left. 

It was Franco's fourth blown 
save in 20 chances and kept him 
from passing Dave Righetti for 

NL ROUNDUP 

first place in career saves 
among left-handers. Both have 
252. 

Franco said it’s frustrating to 
see teammates playing out of 
position while other teams in 
similar situations take steps to 
remedy them. 

*‘The good teams make 
moves,’* he said. "We bring kids 
up from Triple- A.” 

Saberhagen said virtually the 
same thing before the game. 

"I like New York," he said, 
"but 1 want to pitch for a win- 
ning team and we’re going in 
the wrong direction. The first- 
and second-place clubs have 
improved themselves. We're 
bringing up minor leaguers." 

Dallas Green, an old school 
manager who rarely pulls 
punches when players don’t get 
the job done, replied: "Bret 
doesn't run the team. I do. 
That’s it.” 

Reds 2, Giants 1: John Roper 
anchored a two-hitter 


a Koper 
in Cin- 


cinnati and Barry Larkin's 
bases-empty homer in the 
eighth beat slumping San Fran- 
cisco. 

Roper allowed only pave 
Martinez’s homer in the sixth, 
then Chuck McHroy and Jeff 

Brantley finis hed, with Brantley 

get ting his seventh save. 

Larkin extended bis hitting 
streak to 14 games in the first 
and hit his fifth homer on the 
first pitch from John Burkett in 
the eighth to send the Giants to 
their 10th loss in 12 games. 

Padres 4, Dodgers 3: Tony 
Owynn singled home the tying 
run and scored, the winner as 
San Diego, playing at home, 
rallied in the 13th to end its six- 
game losing streak against Los 
Angeles. 

The Padres’ Bip Roberts 
went 0-for-6, ending his hitting 
streak at 23 games. 

Craig Shipley tripled with 
one out and scored on Gwynn's 
single. Gwynn stole second, 
took third on Derek Bell's in- 
field hit and scored an out later 
when pinch hitter Brian John- 
son singled into center off Rndy 
Seanez. 

Mitch Webster hit an inside- 
the-park home run with one out 
in the 13th. 

Roddies 8. Astros 0: David 
Nied pitched a four-hitter in 
Denver for his first major 
league shutout — and the ex- 


pansion Rockies 4 first ever at 
home as they beat Houston, 

After the third inning, Nied 
did not allow a hit until the 
ninth, when Andy Stankiewicz 
singled. The right-hander 
struck out four and walked one. 

Colorado, which did not have 
a shutout last season, has four 
this season, and Nied has been 
the starter in three of them. 

Dante Bichette had three hits 
and scored three runs, and 
Danny Sheaffer hit two RBI 
doubles as the Rockies beat 
Houston for the 14th time in 18 
games. 

Pirates 7, Phillies 1: Dave 
Cark hit a three-run homer and 
Don SI aught had a two-run shot 
as Pittsburgh beat Philadelphia 
for its sixth straight home vic- 
tory. 

Cobs 7, Marfins 2: Sammy 
Sosa had three hits, including 
his 16 th homer, and drove in 
four runs as Chicago got 15 hits 
in beating host Florida. 

Cardinals 5, Expos 4: Ber- 
nard GiLkey's RBI single 
snapped a tie and Sl Louis 
climbed back to the -500 mark 
after blowing a 4-0 lead against 
visiting Montreal. 

Cliff Floyd was 3- for- 5 with 
two RBIs for Montreal, the sec- 
ond RBI coming in the ninth to 
tie the score, and Gregg Jeffer- 
ies extended his hitting streak 
to 14 games with three hits and 
two RBIs for St Louis. 



LeMond Uncertain 
For Tour de France 


By Samuel Abt 
luumtiuMt ffervtf Tribune 
PARIS —Ten days to go till 
the Tour de France and Greg 
LeMond still doesn’t know if he 
mil be at the start This year the 

uncertainty is not due to acci- 
dental shooting, as in 1987, or 
UTmim, as in 1988, or exhaus- 
tion, as in 1993, but W a shock- 
ing reason lor a rider who has 
won the Tour three times since 
1986: He, has not yet made the 
team. • 

“He's not in, he’s not out,”;, 
says Roger Legeay, the director 
sportif of LeMond’s Gan team, 
who has not announced his 
nine-man selection. 



Cento ABcgrttapncc FnaosPieae 

Blue Jays’ Dick Schofield being examined after he was fait 
in the head by a pitch from Aaron Sek of the Red Sox. 


qinpe, 
be 

of the wort 


in. the 81st edition 

’s greatest bicycle 

race. L’Equipe fists the Ameri- 
can rider hot as a “certain” en- 
try for Gan, not even as a 
“probable” but .merely as a 
“possible.” 

“There's a lot of gossip , in 
I’Equipe that I might not be 
selected,” LeMond acknowl- 
edged in a phone interview 
Tuesday from the Alps, .where, 
be was competing in the Tour of 
Switzerland. That race, winch 
ends Thursday, is a traditional 


Tigers 9 in Rally, Real Indians 


SCOREBOARD 


, The AaoduteJ Pros 

The day afier he almost ex- 
tended Detroit's home-run 
streak. Lou Whitaker started a 
new one for the Tigers. 

His grand sJam in ihe bouom 
of the ninth inning capped a 
six-run rally Tuesday night that 
beat visiting Cleveland. 7-5, 
ar.d halted the Indians’ 10- 
game winning siring. 

"That was great." Whitaker 
said. “They are riding high right 
now and they thought the> had 
us beat, but' they just couldn’t 

put us away." 

The Tigers rallied after 
Cleveland's manager. Mike 
Hargrove, pulled Jason Griras- 
Jev. In eight innings. Grimsley 
gave up just one unearned run 
and four hits. 

. “He pitched really well, and 
he deserved better than he end- 
ed up with.” Hargrove said. 
“But in the eighth, he was up 
with his pitches and he was get- 
ting erratic. Our closer needed 
some work and I figured a four- 
run lead gave me a chance to 
give it to him.” 

. Rookie Paul Shuey relieved 
with a 5-1 lead, but gave up two 
walks and an RBI single lo 
A lan Trammell. Derek Lilli- 
quist was no better, giving up a 
single to pinch-hitter Juan Sam- 
uel and a bases-lcaded walk to 
Tony Phillips before Whitaker 
Tiomered. 

• “We always have the poten- 
tial to explode, ” said Tram- 
mell. 

Yankees 6, Twins 4: Jimmy 
Key won his career-best 10th 
straight decision and became 


the first 1 1 -game winner in the 
majors as New York beat visit- 
ing Minnesota. 

The Yankees rallied for five 
runs in the sixth, when pinch- 
hitter Paul O’Neill singled in 
two runs and Bemie Williams 
hit a three-run double. 

Orioles 6, Brewers 2: Harold 
Baines hit his 11th homer and 
drove in a season-high four runs 

AL ROUNDUP 

as Baltimore beat visiting Mil- 
waukee. 

Baines had three hits and is 6- 
for-9 with six RBIs in two days 
against the Brewers. 

Mike Mussina struck out a 
season-high eight in seven in- 
nings, taming a team that had 
scored four or more runs in 20 
of its last 23 games. 

Red Sox 13, Blue Jays 1: Mo 
Vaughn doubled twice and 
drove in three runs as Boston 
scored 10 times in the first in- 
ning in Toronto. 

The Red Sox got six hits, five 
of them doubles, and seven 
walks that inning, with Vaughn. 
Scott Cooper and John Valen- 
tin each hitting two-run dou- 
bles. Vaughn left the game with 
a strained left hamstring after 
his second double. 

The victory came the day the 
Red Sox general manager, Dan 
Duquette, arrived in Toronto to 
review manager Butch Hob- 
son's performance. 

Royals 2, Athletics 0: Four 
litchers held Oakland to one 
it, and Felix Jose hit a two- run 
homer in the ninth for visiting 


Kansas City. The A's had their 
six-game ' winning streak 
stopped. 

Darling pitched a five-hitter 
for his fourth complete game, 
but not has lost three of them, 
with two 1-0 defeats. 

White Sox 5, Rangers 4: Oz- 
zie Guillen's single in the 10th 
won a ho mer-f filed game in 
Chicago. 

Fhmk Thomas hit two solo 
home runs, giving him 27. Tim 
Raines also connected for Chi- 
cago. tying the game in the 
ninth with a solo drive with one 
out. 

Jose Canseco hit his 21st 
homer and Rusty Greer put 
Texas ahead with a leadoff 
home run in the ninth. 

Angels 7, Mariners 2: J.T. 
Snow hit his first homer of the 
season as California beat visit- 
ing Seattle. 

Snow hit 343 with six home 
runs as a rookie in April 1993, 
but later went into a slump that 
left him in the minors. He be- 
gan this year in the minors and 
was recalled June 4. 

Snow broke an 0-for-21 
slump with his homer. Tim 
Salmon hit his 15th home run 
for the Angels. Reggie Jefferson 
horaered twice for the Mari- 
ners. 


Major League Standings 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 



Em! Division 




W 

L 

PCI. 

OB 

New York 

41 

zr 

403 

— 

Bom more 

38 

30 

.559 

3 

Detroit 

35 

33 

.515 

A 

Boston 

34 

34 

soa 

7 

Toronto 

31 

37 

A5A 

10 


Caatmi Otvtsua 



Clove lotto 

41 

24 

£12 

— 

Minnesota 

37 

31 

J44 

<Vj 

Chicago 

34 

31 

J37 

s 

Kansas City 

u 

32 

-539 

JV* 

Milwaukee 

32 

37 

M* 

10 


West Division 



Turns 

32 

37 

AtA 

— 

Seattle 

30 

39 

A35 

2 

California 

31 

41 

.431 

Vfi 

Oakland 

25 

44 

342 

7 


NATIONAL LEAGUE 
East Division 



IN 

L 

Pet 

Atlanta 

45 

23 

M2 

Montreal 

41 

28 

594 

Phliodetahla 

35 

35 

300 

Florida 

34 

34 

.486 

New York 

32 

38 

457 


Cenfrirt Division 


Cincinnati 

29- 

29 

574 

Houston 

39 

31 

557 

SI. Louis 

34 

34 

580 

Pittsburgh 

32 

34 

471 

Chicago 

28 

39 

A1B 


West Division 


Los Angeles 

34 

34 

514 

Colorado 

32 

M 

AST 

San Francisco 

30 

40 

AN 

SonDleoo 

27 

43 

586 


e 


Ta subscribe in France 

just call, tell Free, 
05437 437 


4te 

n 

w 

14 


i 

5 

5 

10tt 


4 
A 
* 

Tuesday's Line Scores 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 
Ctovtiond 101 108 811—5 11 1 

Detroit «1« 080 804-7 7 8 

Grimstov, simcy in, LUikwtst f9l an) 5 . 
Alomar; Belcher, Soever (II and Kreuter.- 
W-Boever. ►«. Lr— unionist. 1-1 HRs— cw- 
v eloml 5. Alomar (HI. Detroit, Whitaker <101. 
Minnesota 208 818 180—4 I 0 

1 New Yortc MO 015 Nx-4 0 0 

Pulido. Merrlman (Al, Gaskin (A) and 
Parks, wofaeck (81; Key. WKJunon 171. Howe 
(»l and Stanley. W— Key, 11-1. L — Merrlman. 
(M. Sv— Howe (Al. 

MDvaakee (01 000 000—1 10 0 

Baltimore 218 BQ2 81x-A 7 1 

Scanlan. Navarro IB) and Valle; Mussina. 
Mills (81. Le. Smith 191 and Hailes. W— Mus- 
sina. 10-4. L— Scan tan. (M. H R— Bowmans, 
Baines 111). 


Boston (U >20 0M 901 — 13 14 0 

Toronto 0M 000 888 — 1 5 1 

Sale. Valdez (81. K. Rvan 19) and Rowland; 
Cornett, Brow fl). Timlin (2), Rtohettl (A), 
Castillo (8). Hall (9) and Borders. W — Sc I*. 6-3. 
L— Cornett. 0-2. 

TONS 880 881 821 0-4 0 1 

CMCOPO 100 110 on 1-5 0 2 

no iMtbw) 

Oeftaier, diver (A), How ell (7>, carpenter 
(10) and l. Rodriguez; A. F ernande z , Assett- 
mocher 110) and LaValllerw Kcrkovk* (9). 
W — Assenmoctier, ML L— Carpenter, 2-4. 
HRs— ChkXJBa- Raines IB), THomas 2 IZT). 
Texas. Canseco 121). Greer (31. 

Kauai aty 8W seo 003—2 s s 

Oakland 0W MB *80-8 1 1 

Appier, Maenanle 13). Bettndo (7l,Meaenom 
19) and Madarkm Mavne (9); Damns aid 
SMnbodt. W— Belinda, 2-2. L— Damns, 49. 
Sv — Mimjctam (Z).HR- Kamos Qty.Jaie (il. 

Seattle tio an m-a i l 

odnorma at no m— 7 » 2 

Brnlo. Cummlnos (4), Gaeaaoe (A) and D. 

Wilson, Headman (7); Springer. B. Patterson 
171. Butcher r7).Lettefts<B).M.U»ner (9) and 
Myers- W—Sor Inner, l-L l— B asle. 20. 
HRs— Seattle, Jefferson 2 (7). California, 
Salman (15), Snow <l). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
PhHodeNmia 001 OM Boo-l 9 i 

potstanb 482 coo oie-7 w o 

Bask he, Borkeet (41, QuanlrlU (8) and Doul- 
ten; Cooke and StovgtO. W— Cooke, M. 
L— Bonk to. 3-4. HR— Pittsburgh. D.Ctark (41. 
SlautfiT ID. PMtaddMila. Hatcher (Z>. 

San Francisco OM Oil ooo-l 2 a 

aactanatl 100 ON «ln-2 1 0 

Burkett. Monletame 18) and Manwaring; 
Roper. Me El ray (8). Brantley |9) and Tern- 
oensee. w— MeElroy, 1-1. L— Burkett. 4-4. 
Sv— Brantley (7). H Rs— San Prondsav Mar- 
line* (1). Cincinnati, Lark In (5). 

New York TOO 010 808-8 A I 

Atlanta 200 800 802-4 10 1 

Romllnaer, j.Manamllie (7)< Franco (II and 
Stinnett; Awarv, Bedroskm (8). Stanton (9) and 
J. Lopez. W— Stanton, >1. L— Franca 1-8. 
CUarso 820 *21 028-7 15 1 

Florida Ml 818 100-8 7 2 

Trochsel, Bautista <7> and Wilkins. Parent 
(Z); Millar. Mutb (A), Fraser (7). Jeffcaat IS), 
Diwnon 19) aidSantlaoa. W— TraehseLAA 
L— Miller. KL Sv— Oautlsla (1). HRs— CW- 
am Sosa U4). Florida, Sheffield 1131. 
Montreal NO m 1M-4 » 2 

SL Loots HI 1W 9W-5 12 1 

K- HflL Scott m, Wetieland 191 and D. 
Fletcher, Soehr (01; Olivares. Arocha (01. 
Murphy (9) and Paanazzl. w— Mumhv. 3-3. 
L— WettBkeid 2-5. 

Houston 088 160 088— I 4 1 

Colorado 382 (38 No— 4 |] T 

Kile. Edens IS). Powell 101 and SeTvMs; 
Nied and Sheaffer. W—N led, 4-4, L— Kile. 5-3. 


Los Angela ON IN Oil NO 1—3 7 1 
son Dtoee in M M M M n 1 
(13 tnwtngs) 

CandMlLB. Barnes (B),VeMez Ni.TcL'Nor- 
rail (11). McDowell (121. Sennas (19) aid Pta* 
m: Ashby- Hoffman (10), Pa Morttnez (12), 
EWalt 033. Tabaka (Hi and Ausmus. w— Tu- 
torial. WL L-Seanez.0-1. H R-LA. Webster 121. 

The Michael Jordan Watch 

TUESDAY'S GAME: Jordon wenHHor-3 
with o fly out and two greundouta toi a 34) Ion 
la Nashville. He had on* assist to rtaht Beta. 

SEASON TO DATE: Jordan Is batttno 20* 
(«9-for-24(nwlih20runs.ll douMes,ane triple. 
25 RBIs, 23 walka. AS strikeouts and 15 stolen 
bases m 56 ottemahL He has las putauts. two 
assists and seven errors In riaftf nekL 


SAN FRANCISCO— 5alomon Torres. Pitch- 
er, ms Jett feom for perional reasons. 

- BASKETBALL - 
NaUoMI BasfcefbeB Arioctattoa 
NBA— Fined Anthony Mason and. John 
StorksofN-Y. KnicfcomMDeacbtor talttoia ta 
appear, at- media wvoNabMtv teiSki B and - 
Knlcfcs moos far fafllna to moke aU ttwtr 
playen avaiktata. 

. I_A. LAKERS— Promoted Jerry West, oen- 
erN manoser.ta executive vice pnuddent of 
boskefbolt operations and MHdtKiiPcbak, as- 
s MU aenereUtianaaer.i u aenwiil m e n oe e r. 

SEATTLE — Released Boh WMtiM. ansl- 
denHMMful (imager, tram Ifnal 2 years of 
Ns contract. Amended co nt rocf of George 
KorL head food: 

FOOTBALL 


Central League 



w 

L 

T 

Pci. 

OB 

Yomluri 

38 

20 

0 

555 

— 

Yakult 

29 

29 

0 

500 

9 

ChunldH 

28 

29 

« 

,481 

m 

Yokohama 

28 

29 

0 

An 

9U> 

Hanstiln 

26 

32 

a 

AO 

12 

Hiroshima 

22 

32 

a 

An 

14 


Wednesday'! Results 
Yomlurl s, Hiroshima 2 
Yokohama 5, Ownlchl 2 
Yokull 5. Hanshln,J_ . 

Paetttc r 



W 

L 

T 

Pet 

OB 

5dbu 

38 

20 

8 

ISS 

— 

Datel 

32 

24 

8 

5S2 

A 

on k 

3) 

24 

0 

544 

Aft. 

Lotte 

20 

30 

0 

583 

10 

Kintetsu 

22 

34 

1 

595 

15 

Nlagan Ham 

22 

37 

1 

J75 

1SV4 

WeOaasOwrt Results 


SeBw 5. Ntaaon Ham 2 





Kintetsu A. Dakrfd 
Lotte 2. Ortx l 


TRANSACTIONS 


BASEBALL 
Amvrkxai ■ 

BALTIMORE— Signed Timothy DaWe. 
pitcher. 

CHICAGO WHITE SOX— Bought contract 
of Darm HaMH. outfielder, from Nashvfde. 
AA. Named Rick Peterson buNpcn couch. Re- 
assigned Dewey Robinson, bullpen coach, 
within onraNzatton. 

Notional League 

CINCINNATI— Signed Run Gant outfield- 
er. Id 2 -vsar contract. 

COLORADO— Signed John Stonka pitcher. 

MONTREAL— Actfvafgd Tim Scoff, affeh- 
er, from lMay disabled itaL Optioned Joey 
El Rhea pitcher, to Ottawa IL. 


NFL— Don Weiss, director at ptonnl no. re- 
tired. 

ATLANTA— Agreed la terms wMh . Craig 
HevwaaL running oacK an i-ymor co nt ract 

CHICAGO— Signed Raymant Harris, run- 
ntag back. Ltord Hill, wtde receiver ond Den- 
nis Comer, defensive baric, to JTear can- 
fraefa, and John TMarrr.defnnfanenct la*. 
. year contract. 

LA. RAIOERS-SIgned Jen-y BaU. defen- 
sive lineman. . ..... 

NEW YORK— Stoned Anthony Johnson, 
ranting ttariu Ryan Ynttnuilii «<dt re- 
. ralver; and Glenn Foley, a u er ta nwex. 

. PHfLADELPHIA^Re-olgowi Corey Bar- ; 

- MOCXSTY 

NatUMui Hockey Leagoe- -7 ; ” 

K.Y. (SLANDERS— Stoned Tamnrr Saffl. 
poofle. ‘ ■■■.“• . 

COLLEGE 

MID-CONTINENT CONFERENCE— N- 
araed Dr. Leslie Cochran aommluioner. 

. NCAA— Piif Write Fornfa BD ef kj r o grain 
onl year^nrobritonfarbaricelbaiMgcrumng.. 
vlotattom 

ARKANSAS STr-NamedScott Cosfclloas- 
sWcnt worts dJracfcr. . 

CLEVELAND ST.— Named Deb Bans 
women's. Interim vpttaytoall cooch. 

CONCORDIA. LAr-Named David Irby 
. meat .soccer coorii. 

DEPAUW— Named Deb Haricwartby worn? 
enY vo O eyhati md softball oach. 

FAIRLEIGH DICKINSON— Doug GautoF 
ton, men's and womens tennis cooch. re- 


tuna-upfor wwr/au 

Tsbaww-j 

2?Sn Tuesday, when be H# 
more than. 12 nnnutes. 

S!h £bfi Em group until 
very last five-kilometer Itbree 
milej climb.’* he saia. 

From theTour DuPont torb= 

Dauphin^ Ubere to the Tour « 

sSSand, the mountains 
have been kilims LeMond th«e 

last two months. And, as he 

knows, there are. more thar a 
dsr? en major climbs in this 
year's Tour de France- » 
y WHl he be there? “ don t 
know," he aoswered. I re^y 
don’t know. I believe I will- He 
has not talked to his directeur 
sportif, he continued. “I opn. 1 
.know if it's necessarily his deci- 
aon. It’s my deciaon too. If ne 
said he' didn’t want me to do « 
but I wanted to do it, we]d have 
scHne words between us. 

. As LeMond spoken it became 
obvious that if riding m the 
Tour is Ms dedsion too, he has 
not quite made it 

“Last week I really didn t 
want to do it,” he admitted, 
referring to his dismal perfor- 
mance in the Dauphihfe climbs. 
■ " “I quite honestly don't want 
to do the Tour unless I can feel 
good. Why go in there to kill 
myself just to start? It's not a 
raoeyou start just to start.’’ 

“But,” he continued bristly. 
“I think m feel good. I think 
Fm mafciiig some progress. Ev- 
erybody thinks irs so easy to 
comel>ack.tb the top in cycling. 
I had a ta^Myoff last year and 
rmjust gomg through these ups 
and downs trying to find my 
level of condition." 

Whatever that level is now, 
he does riot expect any instant 
comeback in the -Tour de 
France. The 1989 Tour, in 
which he ended more than two 
years of dismay by winning on 
the last day, is no longer a credi- 
ble script 

“I have no intentions of go- 
ing in the Tour with even a hope 
of GC” bCsaid,;referring to the 
general classification or riders* 
overall standings. “If I do it. It's 
going to be to finish fair good 
health and win a stage and help 
.. thc-tcam and hopefully. have. 11 
'■krtJjctter cOriditioa aftef it 
- “I. .do-fed better. I feel my 

condition is coming. Fm a level 
: above the Dauphme. But f ve 
still got a lot of improvement to 
do if I want to be competitive 

“It’s unrealistic I guess, lo 
have.had riKb a bad year-last 
year, four months, off my bike, 
to think you can come back on 
top of the q>ort with six,, seven 
months of training. I underesti- 
mated how hard it would be. 

“Maybe when X was 23 years 
old; Td have been (here but at 


LONG BEACH ST^-Moraarat Mohr, wom- 
en's assistant basketball coach, resigned. 

. MERCER— Nvned Billy Hoboes women* 
basketball coach. 

w - 7 

. To subscribs in Goiiuuny 

RUGBY 

jutfoaB, tofi (to, 

RUGBY UNION 

- 0130 84 B5 85 S 

Wafas n. Tonga f 

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: DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 



5N00?y; SWIMMING 
LE550N5 P0WN IN THE 
LAKE RISHT AUUAYI 




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Ctt HO' IT \D0K5 ti*E 
ON ITS HWD LESS/ fi0R5| 

sin® up cm WEH 

WiflJE R0U3 MAD-*/ 








G.ARFIELD 


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Xfa S&T. ORVIULE 5WORKEL ANP 
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nj 


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Jofcout SftrtwS 6 McttXrdQ 
■msdel ihjt erte can untoa- wn« 


( 'these same SOCoecaromk -trends, 


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** 


SPORTS 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 



Total Opposites 
With One Goah 


Victory in NBA 


By William G Rhoden 

New York Twits Service 

HOUSTON — Hakeem OJajuwon and 
Patrick Ewing arc opposites at virtually 
every turn. 

Oiajuwon is expansive and talkative. 
Ewing abbreviated and reserved. 
Oiajuwon epitomizes versatility, spinning 
and whirling to the basket; Ewing is the 
classic center who shoots a jump shot or 
makes apower move. Oiajuwon is Muslim, 
Ewing Catholic. 

Oiajuwon is fervent in his faith and will 
have said four daily prayers by game time 
Ewing admits. K I don’t go to church a lot, 
but I believe in God.” 

They are even astrological opposites; 
Oiajuwon is an Aquarian, Ewing a Leo. 
But the two opposing centers share the 
same burning desire to compete. They each 
had pulled their respective teams to the 
brink of a National Basketball Association 
championship. One would emerge with his 
first NBA ring Wednesday night. 

The game would provide a symmetry to 
their careers. The last time they met for a 
championship was in 1984, Ewing a junior 
at Georgetown, Oiajuwon a junior at the 
University of Houston. Georgetown pre- 
vailed for the national collegiate title, a 
game in which Oiajuwon fouled out. 

In the intervening years, Oiajuwon and 
Ewing have skyrocketed to stardom. This 
year, Oiajuwon won the most valuable 
player award, an honor he coveted after 
narrowly losing out last season to Charles 
Barkley. 

The championship has been elusive, too. 

“You can’t compare the two,” Oiajuwon 
said before Game 7. “Championship is a 
team honor, where MVP is an individual 
honor. You always have to take the team 
first. Team comes before the individual. 

M Winning a championship would just 
complete the year. Winning the MVP and 
the championship ring in the same year, 
that’s a dream season. 

In the six championship games, 
Oiajuwon had played an average of 37.6 
minutes a game, averaged 27J2 points. 9 
rebounds and 4 blocks and had shot 52 
percent from the field. Ewing had averaged 
44 minutes, 19~2 points a game, 12.8 re- 
bounds. 4.6 blocks but had shot only 35.7 
percent. 

The bottom line was that the series was 
tied. 

“I think that both of us have played 
well" Oiajuwon said. “Both of us have 
risen to the occasion, accepted the chal- 
lenge. Bui now what's important is which 
team wins the championship. Now it's big- 
ger than the individual. Those were the 
battles; now is the war.” 

Houston was brimming with excitement 
in anticipation of the Rockets winning the 
city’s first major sports championship. The 
Rockets' home-court advantage had fueled 
rising expectations, leading to pep rallies 
and red-and-yellow “Go Rockets" signs 
everywhere. 

Oiajuwon. weni to college in Houston 



Frau* Lranhardi'A&noc Funoftcn r 

Michael Stick sank to his knees after yet another first-round upset, his. 


and has spent 10 seasons in the city as a 
>. He knows what a Rocket victory 


pro, 

would mean to the city. 


“It’s always nice to be the first.” he said. 
“It would be something unique compared 
with playing for someone like Boston or 
Los Angeles, teams that have won so many 
championships." 

Circumstances certainly favored die 
Rockets. They were playing at home and 
19 of the last playoff series that have gone 
to a seventh game had been won by the 
home team. Oiajuwon didn’t want to hear 
it 

“I don’t even like thinking that way 
because there’s a record made to be bro- 
ken,” he said. “That can change tomorrow. 
HI try not to let it happen. There is no 
guarantee. But I'd rather be playing at 
home than in New York.” 

He admitted that for the last few years 
he had thought about playing against Ew- 
ing in a championship series. 

Ewing seemed surprised, mildly flat- 
tered, because Oiajuwon had not dominat- 
ed his thoughts. 


“To tell you truth, I haven’t even 
thought about that; I just thought about 
getting here," he said. “But to play against 
Hakeem, yeah. He's one of the best. I think 
I’m one of the best, and it’s been a fierce 
series.” 


“I don't worry much about people's 
judgment,” he said. “If you win, they ask 
you if you can win two. You win two, they 
say you can't win three. Then they com- 
pare you with legends, like Bill Russell So 
you can never please people. 


“I want to win for my own satisfaction 
knowing that we've worked this hard and 
we’re in unique position to finish. Pm not 
playing for my place in history. I’m play- 
ing to win.” 


Knicks 9 Victory: Doomsday for the NBA? 


By Harvey Araton 

Nett York Times Semce 

H OUSTON — One more victory, and the forecasters of pro 
basketball’s impending collapse will have their champion. 
The un glamorous, unrepen tent, unrevered and often unsightly 
Knicks will stand as survivors of the eight-month marathon, the 
best evidence yet that the apocalypse is upon Dayid Stern, who 
might as well get with the program and outfit his players with 
skates and sticks. 

That appeals to be the view from a few windows high above 
fltidtown Manhattan, the proof being the declining number of 
television sets tuned to the Knicks and the Rockets, as opposed to 
last year’s draws, Michael Jor- — L# 

dan and Charles Barkley. Vantage 
Forget a decade and a half of point Jf • 


brilliant performances and rave 


reviews. That was yesterday. Today is doomsday. This is how we 
are supposed to make our value judgments in contemporary 
America: We ask the existential question, “what Nielson have you 
done for me lately?" 

“Obviously we’d like our ratings to go up and up and up every 
year.” said Stem, the National Basketball Association commis- 
sioner. “That’s just not in the cards.” 

• Obviously a rematch of Chicago and Phoenix. Barkley versus 
the ghost of Jordan, would have turned on more television sets. 


The^BA, for once, did not get its prime time glamor final. Thai 

’ affs — or these finals, for that 


doesn’t mean the rest of the playoi 
matter — have been a bore. 

As Stern correctly pointed out, the league's general ratings in its 
post-Jordan season held steady. The NBA has its problems — the 
most serious of which have more to do with internal unrest in the 


name of greed than the product itself — but unpref erred finalists 
isn't one of them. Thai's luck of the draw. 


The National Hockey League certainly had itself a gratifying 
month, but it shouldn't delude itself, or become ego-inflated by 
people who can’t see beyond Broadway newstands. The NHL had 
the Rangers’ 54-year curse to sell a one-time shot, like the 


Americans beating the Russians at Lake Placid. The true test is 
making people pay attention when there's nothing extraordinary, - 
just the sport itself and its players. 

When the 1994-95 season does begin, the NBA should have 
done something about the unchecked hand-checking that, proba- 
bly more than any one variable, dilutes the artistry and ultimately 
could threaten the appeal of the game. 

Good defense is good defense, but it ought to be played without 
a powerful hand strategically placed in the middle of the offensive 
player’s lower back. 

Take poor Kenny Smith. The Rockets' point guard has been 
spooked by the Knicks' Derek Harper, and has become painfully 
reluctant to make a strong move facing the basket for fear of being 
stripped of the ball. Smith has taken to dribbling with his back to 
Harper, but he is a whisper of a man. and can't go anywhere with 
Harper, 40 pounds heavier, literally holding him in place. 

Pro basketball has always searched for the proper ratio of 
offense/ defense. Back in the 1970s. the perception was that no one 
played defense until the last two minutes. Now it's gone the other 
way, to where the offensive player dunking or getting body- 
siammed to the floor could pass as the essence of one-on-one. 

“As much as we like to liken our gams to ballet, it’s not ballet 
and never will be." said Stem. 

But he, more than anyone, knows his league rocketed to market- 
ing heaven only when players whose skills were the stuff of creative 
genius came to dominate the sport. Dunks and body-slams mi gh t 
sell to kids, but kids aren’t paying S30G for counside seats. 

Count on the NBA to do some summer tine- tu nin g Don’t 
count on a Knicks' championship establishing their way as the 
only way to win. These Knicks were built for a season of parity, 
when resolve could be the most important element of all. 

Forecasters of doom shouldn’t forget that the Knicks couldn't 
beat Jordan and barely beat his supporting cast The next genera- 
tion is out there, and i: will be coming for them. Derek Harper 
won't be able to keep the likes or Anfemee Hardaw ay in from of 
him much longer, especially if the league makes him play defense 
without convenient of his hands. 


Ach! No. 2-Seed Stich Joins Grid 



By Leonard Shapiro 

(PiBMngftn Post Service 

WIMBLEDON, England — 
A day after Lori McNeil one of 
his dear friends and a one-time 
mixed doubles partner, bad 
managed one of the most stun- 
ning upsets in Wimbledon histo- 
ry, Bryan Shelton was suitably 
inspired to produce a dominat- 
ing duplicate of his own 
Wednesday afternoon when he 
ftiminaied Germany's Michael 

Stich, the world's second-ranked 
player and No. 2 men's seed, in a 
first-round match. 

The fact that it was done in 
straight sets, 6-3, 6-3, 6-4, was 
even more remarkable for the 
28-year-old Alabaman, who had 
to win three matches in a quali- 
fying tournament down the road 
just to get inside these heavenly 
tennis gates. 

“It was definitely one erf the 
top matches of my career,” said 
Shelton, who has an electrical 
engineering degree from Geor- 
gia Tech and now lives in Atlan- 
ta. *T came out with a good atti- 
tude today and nothing seemed 
to bother me from the batoning 
until the end. I was ready to 
play.” 

Stich dearly was not even af- 
ter winning a wann-up event on 
grass last week in Germany. His 
early listless play might have 
been one reason for the smarter- 


round- In 1932, No. 2 seed Hen- 
ri Codiet lost to Britain’s Nigel 
Sharpe in the opening round 
McNeil meanwhile, was giv- 
en a brief scare Wednesday by 
Japan's Youe Katmowhen she 
lost a second set tiebreaker. She 
said she was determined to 
“guts it out” however and ral- 
lied from being broken in the 
first game of the third set to a 6- 


3, 6-7, 6-3 victory. 

liber, the No. 12 seed. 


quick departure from the court, 
as he did not even pause to shake 
the hand of the referee. 

Stich also became only the 
second No. 2 seed in Wimble- 
don history to lose in the first 
round, a day after McNeil made 
his compatriot, Graf, become 
the first defending woman’s 
champion to lose in the first 


Anke Huber, 
joined die ranks of German up- 
set victims, falling to lnes Gor- 
rochategui of Argentina, 6-3, 6- 
4. And No. 8 Natalia Zvereva 
of Belarus lost to Mhqa Endo of 
Japan, 4-6, 6-4, 6-1. 

Top-seeded Pete Sampras 
had little difficulty defeating 
fellow American Richie Rate- 
bag; fifth-seed Jim Courier lost 
a second-set tiebreaker but han- 
dled Byron Black erf Zimbabwe, 
6-1, 6-7 (5-7), 6-3, 6-4, and 10th- 
seeded Michael Chang needed 
five sets before prevailing, 3-6, 
6-3, 7-6 (8-61 6-7 (3-7), &4. over 
Michael Tebbutt of Australia. 

Andre Agassi, the 1992 
champion, almost suffered 
Stich’s fate, but survived a sec- 
ond-round thriller against 
Nicolas Pereira of Venezuela, 6- 
7 (7-4), 6-3, 6-4, 6-7 (7-5). 6-4. 

Stich, after losing the first two 
sets, tried it all on Court No. 2, 
also known as a graveyard at 
such past champions as Arthur 
Asbe, Jimmy Connors and John 
McEnroe. Toe 1991 Wimbledon 
champion moved several big 
steps in front of the baseline an 
Shelton’s first serve, then he 
moved back; be changed the 
pace on his own first serve and 
on many of has strokes, and 
eventually resorted to a bit of 

fflnv-gmansht p, as weEL 



OMcCadfcb'Tfec AaacaakJ t'roj 

Jim Co«ier, Iiitling: a shot to Byron Black, avoided defeat 


After yet another sharply hit 
shot by Sbeltao. wooshed past 
him,' Stich -asked, “Are you 
0_K_?” Shelton knew fuB well 
that Stich was not talking about 
the state of Iris heal th. 


playing Uke that he is ver y daa- 


gC Stidi has not been muchof a 


'Michael was doing some- 


thing to try to change the match 
around ami you can't fault him 
for that,” Shelton said. “That’s 
the thing about these guys. 
They know how to win, they 
know what to say, what to do 
out on the court to win.** 


threat lately in Grand 
events. In the Australian Open, 
be lost in the first round round- 
to MafiVai Washington, along 
with Shelton the only two Hack 
■ touring pros on the men’s orcuit 
Last month, Aaron Kri dstem 
- knocked Stich out of the French 
Open in the second round.. 


‘“Everyone has seen Michael 
ay and knew 


Shelton did, too, this day, 
and Stich was grudgingly ixn- 


“I played a guy today who 
could have c 


closed his eyes and 
hit the ball wbereverhe wanted 
to hit it,” he said. “Tie had all 
the lock on his side. I didn't 
have one lucky ball for myself.’ 


think he can’t play much 
T hope be 


better than today. But I 

does, Stich said. “I hope be 
plays like that everyround and 
wots Wimbledon. If hekeeps on 


Now one of them will be remembered as 
a champion, the other as runner-up. 

Oiajuwon said he wasn’t concerned with 
how he is remembered. 



[knows he has a 
„„„ gets down on hi 
Shdtoa said. “I used that to my 
advantage the whole match. Ev- 
' ray time I sawirim getting upset 
.1 was .trying to pump myself 
even more.” • . - 

Stich was not in a particular- 
ly good frame of mind after this- 
. match. Asked if Grafs loss.had. 
affected him, he replied: ‘Tm 
not here to defend myself why l 
lost. 

“I don’t care about Steffi's 
match; it’s her match.” 

O'Neil almost looked capa- 
ble of losing to Kantio, :3th in 
the world, especially ai ;*rr slw 
lost a second-set tiebreaker -and 
had her serve broken in the first 
game of the thud set. 

. With her friend, actress Rob- 
in Givens cheering her on at 
courtride, McNeil broke right 
bade when. Kanuo netted an 
. easy backhand return and even- 
tnuly prevailed after Kamio 
saved two set points but not a 
thud when her forehand down 
the litre landed just wide. 

; ‘Tthink from my match yes- 
terday, I was' feeling a little bit 
oTihat today, and it was ^ dif- 
ferent type match,” said 
MriNtiL “Steffi bits hard arid 
has different tactics; and Ka- 
mJo takes the pace off the ball 
and keeps it really low. X was 
just going to stay in there and 
kmd of rats it out It was going 
to be difficult, f knew that this 
morning going in.” 


Match Results 


MOTS SfNBLCS 


GiB ADen/Thr AasodMtd Preo 


Bryan Shelton, who toppled Stich, 6-3, 6-3, 6-4, celebrating bis big victory Wednesday. 


Alexander vukw, tamtn,d«c;tefl Toronto. 
US*A-«.4-2.6-l; Guy Forsrt, France, dot Dous 
Ftecft. Andrei Othovatty. Rus- 

staddAnmKI Borises (14), Franco. t-lM 7- 
3i WbOv Mow, Australia, dot Max Mitan- 
»eh, Austria. 6-L 6-Z M. 64; Yavgam 
KoMottow ns), Russia, chert. Laursoct Ttehr- 
nrn llOhr. 7-i <W (5-7), 7-5. 6-7 (5-7), 1W. 

Bnm ShenotL Atlanta. dot. MtehaM such 
(3), Gannanv, 6-3. 6-3. 6-4; Slava DosmM, 
C*ncfi RspaMlc. d»t Yowwa El Avnoout, My 
room 6~l. 6-44-4; Ate* Carratla, Spain, M. 
W wriLt canls. France. 76.^6. 7-5. 7-6 (66). 3- 
2. riM; Wiuaw d n Atranz. Gwmany. del 


Arbitration Approved 


Atlanta to Nebiolo: No 


PARIS (A P) — The leaders of afl 31 
international sports associations gave final 
approval Wednesday to the creation of a 
special arbitration system aimed at keeping 
doping disputes out of civil courts. 

Two federations, soccer and voDeybalL 
signed with reservations. 

Initial agreement was reached a year ago, 
but Wednesday's formal signing cleared the 
way for the arbitration council to come into 
effect in the next few weeks. 


The Associated Press 

ATLANTA — The head of the Atlanta Olympics 
has rejected a request to provide more than 1 10,000 
free tickets to international sports federations. The 
Atlanta Journal-Constitution reported Wednesday. 

At an athletics federation meeting in Paris, Billy 
Payne; president of the Atlanta committee; was 
asked by Primo Nebiolo, the president of the Inter- - 
national Amateur Athletics Federation and the head 
of all summer sports govtunmgbodies, to dedicate 1 
it of the more than II million tickets to the 27 


Thwnos Muster, Austria, S-7, 7-6 (7-3), 6-7 (7- 
ttMM. Karim Alaml, Moroccw dal Mag- 
nus LamMu Swodan. 76 (7-4), 7-6 r7-j), 7-s. 

jordl Owl no. Spain, del Lara JonssoaSvw- 
daU6UH57,H' Ana Umforf, tame*. 
dot. TaiMsCattanMISoaJa, 7-5. 36,44,6-1, t-4; 
Javtir Frana, AraanTtaa, dor. Chris Baflav, 
Britain. 7-6 (7-3), 7-£ 66; Patrick Raflsr, 
AuslraHa,daLJamHiMmavAustnitio;66.5- 
(7-3); Jbn Courlar (S, ua. del a won 
Block. BtnbabM, 6-1, 6-7 (5-7). 6-3. 66. 


For the Record 


ons. 


Ferrari said it bad extended the contract 
of Formula One racing driver Gerhard 
Berger for the 1995 season. (Reuters) 
The NBA Board of Governors voted to 
reject the sale of the Minnesota Tunbcr- 


Atlanta officials are counting on ticket sales to 
produce more than $260 million in revenues needed 
to break even. Payne said he was also concerned that 
the federations would sell the tickets or make them 
available to the sponsors of individual federations 
while Olympic sponsors are required to pay for their 
seats. 


PataSoracrm n), U-&,def. Richer Rorp- 
Par B. U.S.4 6. 6-46-%- Todd Martin (6), l/A. 
oaf. PtOrtCk Kidmn. Gamjony, 6-2, 6-4; 
Ctela wnkkttm, Britain, del. Carta costa. 
3 Mh . 61.66H ; Grant Caiman, Canada, (tot. 
Jaftna Vtamt Paru, 6-3, 1-6, «. 7-6 (7-41.- 

CtaKkAdwm.U&dBf.AndrawFastar.Brlt- 
Dta, 4-3, 6-1 74 n-3). 

Waro# Fsrratra, South Atrloa. dot Marc 
ftWta tU). Swtattland, 6-7 (7-*), 63, 6-4. 66; 
Martin Damn* Czech RmmiMIc del.. Mark 
66. 26, 6-1. Michael 
Teeajurt, a»- 

traffla. »6 6-3 76 (fwj *-7 (3-7) m. 

Andre AtKBMl (12). US. deL Nicolas Per- 

•tro. Venezuela 6-7 (6-7) M <M 6-7 ( 5 - 7 ) 6 - 4 ; 

AW0nKrtdta«n,UA,dBlO11ytar Detail re. 
Front*. 6-7 0-7) 7~5 1-6 7-4 (B6) 0-2. 


WOMEWS SINGLES 


wolves to a group that planned to move the 
‘ rles 


team to New Orleans. 


(AP) 


“We have to protect the interest of our sponsors,” 
Payne said. 


Some Records, and Some Record Holders, Are Greater Than Others 


GW Fomamtoz. UA. dof. Morzla dtomi. 

watmdto. ui. am. k«. 

nMCroa* Britain, ML *-]; mffrud Pnbu. 
^•Fmcmr.dBisondrlnaTeslud. Fran**, 6-x a. 

f kW.CamwhOoctacn (13), us. daf. Ko- 


Pamsbrtver.u^..iM c? .. . . 


By Frank Litsky 

iVfK York Tunes Service 

NEW YORK — You love sports and you 
love the records that become the lifeblood of 
sports. You treasure the legends who made 
those records bigger than life, like Babe 
Ruth, with his 60 name runs in one season 
and 714 in a career, and you may never 
forgive Roger Maris for hitting 6 1 in one year 
and Henry Aaron for 755 in a career. 

And you just know that if you mount the 
demise of a record, the heroes” who lose them 
must feel denuded, stripped of (heir glory, 
reduced to the level of mere mortals. 

You are wrong. Records are great and 
some are greater than others, but when 
Wayne Gretzky broke Gordie Howe’s Na- 
tional Hockey League career record of 801 
goals, as be did this spring, did that relegate 
Howe to the scrapheap? 

An informal survey of such heroes — 
Howe, Aaron, Wilt Chamberlain and Bob 
Beamon — showed that while aD liked their 


records, they have no regrets about the pros- 


pect or actuality of losing them. And the 


records they most cherish may be surprising. 

For example, listen to Chamberlain's sen- 
timents on one National Basketball Associa- 
tion bigger- than- life record he still holds ( 100 
points in one game) and one he no longer 
holds (31,419 career points, surpassed by 
Kareena Abdul -Jab bar’s ?S.3S7j. 

“People make a lot of 100 points in one 
game,” the 57-year-old Chamberlain said 
from his home in Bel Air, California. “But 1 
was hot that night and they were feeding me. 
and it was just one game. 

“I give iCareem full credit for breaking ray 
all-time scoring record. It’s a record of lon- 
gevity, not a flash in the pan. The important 
records are the ones that take an 'athlete 
many games or years to amass. Anyone can 
have a great game, but having 1.000 good 
games has more significance." ~ 

Chamberlain is an avid follower of almost 
every other sport. 

“fve learned to appreciate athletes for 
wbal they’ve done without regard to re- 
cords,” he said. “Records make people want 
to compare, but you can’t compare records 


You can't compare Babe Ruth's 60 home 
runs with Roger Mans's 61. Babe Ruth was 
hitting three or four times more home runs 
than anyone else. Roger Maris was hitting- 
only four or five more than Mickey Mamie. 

“There are more records to shoot at now, 
and records become a bigger deal. When I 
was playing, who knew of double-doubles 
and triple-doubles? They had no signifi- 
cance. no meaning. I had triple-doubles every 
night, and they didn’t even keep track of 
blocked shots then. 

“The best records in sports may he Babe 


lucky night,” he said. “When I was at Kan- 
sas, Walt Wesley was averaging 4 points a 
game, but one night as a pro, for the Cincin- 
nati Royals, be scored 50-something points. 
Kareem was in the 50s only once in his 
career, so does Walt Wesley equal Kareem?” 

Howe said the records that people asso- 
ciate with him Were not that dr ama tic. 


that’s tiie record — fastest goal by a new 
grandfather.” 

Aaron knows all about the consternation 
caused by Ins career home run record. Osteu- 


or. Awn. fra, 3-6. 66. 

Mono Eneo, janan. deL Natalia 


ribly.it was a matter erf taking a record from 


Ru: 


most popular 
: much of tt 


player 
ihetrepida- 


er, 


“When I became the leading afl-time scor- 
he said, “I didn't even know whose 


record it was. When I found out it was 
Maurice Richard’s, I was happy because 1 
didn’t like him. But that’s the way' we were 
ta ug ht to play those days. We were taught to 
hate, but after Rocket and 1 and our wives 


lock seasons or big parts of seasons to do, not 
just Reggie Jackson hitting three home runs 
in one World Series game; That was a won- 
derful thing, but it took only one day.” 

The NBA records Chamberlain likes best 
are his season records of averaging 30.4 
points a game in the 1961-62 season, 48 .5 
minutes a game the same season and 27 JZ 
rebounds a game in 1960-61. 

“Those records were more than having one 


we 


became friends. By the time I broke his goal 
record, he didn’t mind.” 

Howe talked about his records that he 
liked the most. 

“In 1978,” he said, “we were wanning up 
for a game at Edmonton when the scorekeep- . 
er called me over. He said they just got a call 
that Mark’s wife had a baby. My first shift, 
first shot of that game, I got a goal And 


the 

(has known. But< 
tion was ratiaL 

“So 1 felt it was an honor to have the 
record,” Aaron said. “But now I’ve had It 
kmg enough to share in all the glory, and it 
really won’t bother me if somebody breaks it 
today or tomorrow or next year. But I would 
want it to happen while Tm here to see bow 
they’re treated, if they’re treated the way I 
was.” 

And how whs Aaron treated? 

“To be honest.” he said, “very badly. Peo- 
ple said I was lucky to be in the major 
leagues. They said J couldn’t carry Babe 
Ruth's bag. it was very demoralizing. Part 
was racism and part was Babe' Ruth bdns 
stich a hero. You have to remember thathc 
hit the home runs and changed baseball and 
made baseball what. it is today.” 


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Page 22 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 


SPORTS 



CUP 



Bnh I’ror-.Ti \ t *trxv FniiuTituc 

GEARING UP FOR THE DUTCH — The Belgium soccer team running laps at 
their training camp in Florida. The Belgians will meet the Netherlands on Saturday. 


Norwegians, Happy 
And Relaxed, Fit 
To Be Tied by Italy 

Reuter: 

PRINCETON, New Jersey — The Norwegians, three prints 
already tucked under their belts with their victory over Mctco, 
are relishing the prospect of playing an Italian team reding from 
its opening-game loss. 

“The Italian style suits us perfectly. They play possession 
football and that’s what we uke to come up against,” said 
Norway’s captain. Rune Braise th, casting his mind forward to 
Thursday’s Group E match in Giants St a d ium . 

Ireland, a which like Norway employs a long ball style, 
upset Italy, 1-0, last Saturday while the Norwegians wot. by the 
same score a gains t Mexico on Sunday. 

It is clear that the Norwegians intend to try frustrating an 
Italian team that is desperate for victory. 

“We always go out looking for a win but, yes, I think —I hope 
— one point should get us through to the second round,” added 




fixture against Ireland on June 28. 

Coach Fgi l Olsen gl-«*> said a draw would suit him fine. "0-0 
would be a very good result for us,” he said. “I am expecting a 
tight game.” 

Olsen’s main selection problem centers on whether to include 
KjetO Rekdal from the start after Rekdal came on as substitute 
and late in the game scored the winner against the Mexicans. The 
player has made it clear he was unhappy at being left on the bench 
in the first place. 

Olsen said he will not reveal his lineup until the last posable 
moment, but he is expected to announce the same side that started 
against Mexico. That meam Rekdal will again be on the bench. 

R dedal's problems apart, the Norwegians are thoroughly enjoy- 
ing the country's first World Cup appearance since 1938. 

The mood at their training camp on the Princeton University 
camp us is relaxed and informal, contrasting starkly with the 
unhappy Italians who usually train behind dosed doors and have 
locked themselves away in a sed uded hotel 

“If you live like you're in prison then all you can think about is 
soccer.” said Bratseth. 

Goalkeeper Erik Thorstvedt agreed. 

“Right now. I'm not even thinkin g about the game because it 
only makes you tense,” said Thorstvedt, who plays for Tottenham 
Hotspur in England, “You know that you'll be concentrating 
totally when the whistle goes.” 

The lack of interest in the World Cnp in the Princeton area 
made it easier to relax, he added. 

“We go out to a shopping mall and people get talking to us and 
say, ‘You guys playing in a tournament round here?’ 

“We reply. *er yeah, it’s called the World Cup.’ ” 





M fans cheering their team <m at the match in W; 

A U.S. Fan’s 1 


Volatile ‘Croup of Death’ Is Living Up to Its Name 


By William Gildea 

Washington Fast Service 

WASHINGTON — The 
“Group of Death” is what Ital- 
ian journalists began calling 
Group E as sxm as the four- 
team brackets were drawn last 
December, and Italy ended up 
with what they perceived as the 
toughest first-round opponents 
of any seeded team. A percep- 
tive bunch, the Italians. Their 
fears have been realized, and 
now they're hoping only that 
things don't get worse. 

Their beloved Azzuri were 
upset by Ireland, and in the 
other group match Norway sur- 
prised Mexico. The Italian 

S ress this week has questioned 
.oberto Baggio’s lackluster 
performance against the Irish 
and bitterly 'criticized the 
coach, Anigo Sacchi. The writ- 
ers have been ripping Sacchi 
relentlessly for weeks. 

Even Ireland's coach. Jack 
Charlton, can’t get over Sac- 
chi’s tactical decision to play 


two forwards instead of three 
against the traditional Irish 
five-man back wall. “It is a 
great surprise.” Charlton said 
of the 4-4-2 formation on the 
eve of the game. “I’ll be even 
more surprised tomorrow if 
Sacchi plays il” 


strange World Cup,'' said Ital- 
ian defender Franco Baresi. 

Now the pressure grows on 
teams such as Italy. Colombia 
and Mexico in their bids to ad- 
vance to the second round. Italy 
must face Norway on Thursday 
and Mexico will try to rebound 


swer? The Italian journalists are Sacchi seemed inflexible when 
having a Geld day at his ex- he said of Baggio and Signori, 
pense, contending that he can’t who are be ginnin g to look like 
find the right combinations, the an odd couple: ‘They are our 


‘ By Tony Kornhdser 

Washington Rost Serrke . 

W ASHINGTON — I don’t quite know _ _ 
to say this, but I think I am going into the. 
tank for the World Cup. What’s bappemngis the 
same thing that happened with the Dream Team, 
which I thought at first was a terrible idea, a 
typical American overkill — and then, when I 
got to Barcelona I couldn’t get enough of die 
rolled over like a dog for the Dream Team; there 
were paw prints on my computer. 

I have not been an enthusiastic booster of the- 
Worid Cup. In fact it's fair to say that I regarded = 
soccer as some- ■ r 

what less appeal- Vantage . o 
mg than a case of Point » 

hives. But I have — 

been to two World Cop matches now and, while I 
don’t want to say Fm rolling over like a dog again 
— scratch me behind the ear. and PH fetch the 
paper for you. 

Why do I love World Cup? 

Let me count the ways: 

I love it becanse you can keep score on one 
hand. When I was in Norway, freezing my ba- 


right formations and the confi- two best forwards and they zookie off, I was told: “There’s no such thing as 

dence he needs to nrnierl One must nlav mpether” u .5. : * i j »» 


dence he needs to project. One must play together.' 
thing is for sure: Ireland’s r . .. .. 

Charlton has been as calm as The Italian media 


Yet Sacchi did. And Baggio against Ireland on Friday. 


and Giuseppe Signori appeared 
to be hopelessly lost in a forest 
of defenders, which sometimes 
thickened to eight men late in 
the game. 


In Group E, however, noth- 
ing is certain except the uncer- 
tainty. “Defeat is always diffi- 
cult to accept and I could not 
sleep after the loss against lre- 


“We couldn’t shoot because land," Baggio said this week at 
we couldn't beat their trapping Italy’s training camp in New 


and pressing.” Baggio said.’ Jersey. “Now we need a positive 

That stunner highlighted one r “y l * 1 ° rev J. ve our “* usi asm 
of the emendng ctoScteristics and Silence the cnucs. 
of this World Cup: The equality The Italian players admit to 

of the teams and the capacity of being dispirited, and unsure, 
the supposed underdog to “We have to be convinced of 
spring a big upset. Romania winning." said midfielder Ro- 
rose up to crush Colombia, berto Donadoni. Added de- 
South Korea rallied with two fender Alessandro Costacurta: 
goals in the last five minutes to “We needed something extra 
tie Spain and Norway upended against Ireland.” 

Mexico. “This could be a very Can Sacchi supply the an- 


Charlton has been as calm as The Italian media want to see 

can be. while Sacchi has been Damde Massaro, who 

qpJjL did well m Italy’s final tuneup 

... game. Sacchi substituted Mas- 

Char lion positively beamed saro in the second half against 
as he puffed away on a cigar Ireland, too late to reverse the 
late Saturday, blowing steady flow of the game. “Norway is 
streams of smoke toward the very s imilar to Ireland,” said 
underside of the Giants Stadi- Costacurta, “so we have to re- 
um stands. He kept taking view the tapes to see what we 
drags on his stogie and saying did well and what we have to 
things like smashing. WO rk on." 

One look at him and at least c wn w ;» c 


cold weather, just bad clothing.” The way I'm 
feeling now about soccer is that there’s no such 


it in Toledo: 


English 


The garrietakes bn'a reaTjSf® 


rid who is 
fessed that 
hespentlhi 


revision, 

and couWn’tten a 

(Memo to FIFA bi_ „ . , . 

you couldsbrmk the field a'fitde spall of iti 
fit on my TV screen. Regards froairFct fe fr 
I love the World C^ hciaate of ihe- 
acting. I goes; “ 

the day, and. 

School at night They , _ 

they’refloppmffcri-tbe gnwfid 


draw a yellow caitFrar dppone^' Brit ihe 

fairing is so obvious, I>i 2 seen betfer actiag eft;;, 
midday soap operas. Mondaymjjht a . player got ;-v 
carted off on a stretcher, and al tlw:momentiie , =• 
hit the sdeUne —lie he w^s dnnkmg from the : 
water at Lourdes — be goi np J ahrfijC^ged:l»ek ' 
into the game! -'.-•"4-iTi •' y ~ ‘ 

, I love the. World Cup be<^ 
guys can do withtirebafl. ItVlikea^y6 a. 
string. I had no idca people oonld i^e tliesr fCet v 


string. I had no idcapcopIcootddHSetflewreet 

lingo -down. Want to hear my theories on how 
besttomaikMaraAma? _ . r redirect 

I love it because of how the fans dress up. You voalie routineiv kicked tris bafi 8<Wittds:Nation- 
walk through a World Oqi crowd, you re tempt- fnpootbau League field-goal Jaekera should Kve 


work on." 

Even Norway has its contro- 


60 Italian writers began ham- player wbo 

merrng at their laptop comput- the goal that give the Norwe- 
ers and sending home tomes of gj flns their Bret World Cup vie- 
outrage and gloom. Sacchi tory is unhappy with his coach, 
begged, to no avail: “Negative Kjetil Rekdal complained 
enuosm might be destructive. about being OT the bench at the 


It would be dangerous to single start of [h e 
out individuals.” fed I was in 

But then, like many coaches, . 


. V1 .mnn and said, “I . . — , 

fed I was unfairly treated. rahri. Things were going quae well for most of known, as the King of the Carpathians, and- 1 

the game, thanks largely to the estimable work of haven’t heard a mclmamelikethatsmce.the Wild- 
“He has less confidence in the Saudi goalie. But very late in the game he Horae of the Osage. 1 i : v‘ T ' 

me, so I end up with less confi- made a tactical error by coming out too far, and a j ft h^naf the fields lex* so pretty^ Itjs 
dence in him,” Rekdal said of Dutc hman got behind him and scored the game- the real emerald chessboard. You can put your 
his coach, Egil Olsen winner. The Saudi fans were crestfallen. Trying ear to the ground and hariri you’ll hear the 

And Mexico’s coach. Mienel to chfier m y new Saudi friends, I suggested they rhythm of Bulgaria. , - -Til. 

M^ia Breoi^w^tSmed 8 ^ >«“£]» buy the Netherlands and declare them- I tovc theWwld Cup becaute if s rfmnte, 
more than the beat. Of the way saves winners.; . time, and there are iro commercial titfreo^ and,, 

his played in its loss to 1 1°*® *** Worid because of the exotic no injury timeouts, arid ho full timeouts, andty 
Noway, he said, “I did not like languages you hep, and the odd times an English 20-second time-outs, and.no two-minutewarri- 
too much about it, and I just word ^ cree P 11 was a delight listening as mg timeouts, and no saiding the pitdiwg.cq^i - 
men tioned that to the players.” die Saudi fans rolled off long, complicated, turn- out, and no walking slowly "to the moundto bing” . 
. _ _ , « . _ . „ , bling sentences in Arabic that ended with “cor- in the left-hander, and no steppmaont oftbebos 

ncr" or “punt” to scratch vouisdl It’s ov^Two hours. So , if 

Italy and Irdand will bejust as j j ovc ^ World Cup because of Uni vision, the you say, “Honey, if s a 7:30 start; FH be home v 

cmi,CUJL Spanish language broadcast here in the United 9:45," then by God, you wifl. •* , F ; ' 

Life in the “Group of Death" States. These announcers are great When they Bud Sdig and David SUari,.are.yoo writing 
is tomous at best say, “GOOOOOOOAALLLLL!!!" you can hear this down? ^ 


ed to say, “Trick or treaL” Monday night atRFK 
Stadium there must have been 30,000 Dutch 
fans, every one of them dressed head to toe in 
orange. I thought Td died and gone to S nnkis t 
Heaven. Die coolest things were the large foam 
wooden shoes they wore on their heads, like the 
cheesehead Milwaukee Brewer fans. 

(By a strange twist of fate I wound up sitting in 
the middle of 100 Saudi Arabians. Because they 
were congenial folks, and because I was hoping 
Prince Bandar might stroll over and hand me the 
keys to a new Mercedes, I began rooting for 
Saudi Arabia, which Fm sure will amuse my 


so long. And they’re so ^ opnrt«eous, v dieTthrow i 
themselves at the ball, either zohead it betake a . 
kicked ball smack in thc face on ddense. The_ 
thing they do on a free kick, where ^by Bae up 
on defense and hold their hands dowTt thwe? * 
What is that called, tire Lorena Bobbittdrfdise? - 

I love the Worid Cup because it isn’t the 
Knicks- Rockets, which is excrudating, and be 1 
cause even though there aren't a lotyrf goals 
scored, whenever there s a shot on goaiifx as >•. ■ 
exciting as anything in qxxts, including a Ken 
Griffey, at-bat. . . 

I love the World Cup becanse someone in it » 
known, as the King of the Carpadnans, and I 

I J I . - 1 : 1 . TH.1J . 


hi 

Hon 


CALENDAR OF WORLD CUP GAMES, RESULTS, STANDINGS 


HRST ROUND 

A/l tunas CUT 

Three pants awarded tor a victory 
GROUP A 

W L TGFGAPb 

Romania 1 0 0 3 13 

Switzerland 0 0 l 1 1 l 

United States 0 0 1111 

ColomNa 0 10 13 0 

Saturday, June 16 

At Pontiac. Mcch 

Switzerland t. United States 1. 1« 

At Pasaoana. Caw. 

Romania 3. Cotomwa 1 

Wednesday June 22 

At Pontiac. MKh. 

Romania vs Switzerland, 2005 GMT 
At Pasadena Cant 

Colombia at United States. 2335 GMT 
Sunday June 26 
At Pasadena. CUd. 

Romania at united States. 2005 GMT 
At Stanford. Catrf 

Switzerland vs. Colombia, 2006 GMT 

GROUP B 

W L T GF GA Pb 
Brazil I 0 0 2 0 3 

Cameroon 0 0 1 2 2 1 

Sweden 0 0 1 2 2 1 

Russia 0 1 0 0 2 0 

Sunday, June 19 
Ai Pasadena. Calif 
Cameroon 2. Sweden Z m 

Monday June 20 
At Stanford, Cam. 

Brazil Z Russia 0 

Friday June 24 
At Stanford. Cal it 
Brazil va Cameroon. 2005 GMT 
At Pontiac. Mich. 

Sweden vs. Russia. 2335 GMT 
Tuesday June 28 
At Stan loro. Calif 
Russia vs. Cameroon. 2006 GMT 
Ai Ponaac. Mich 
Brazil vs. Sweden. 2005 GMT 


GROUP C 

W L T Cf CA Pt» 
Germany i 0 i 2 i • 

Spam 0 0 2 3 3 2 

Soufri Korea 0 0 1 2 2 1 

Bolivia 0 10 0 10 

Friday, June 17 
Af Chicago 
G e rman y 1. BorwiaO 

AlOtUU* 

Span Z South Korea 2. tie 

Tuesday June 21 
At Chicago 

Germany 1. Soon 7. h 

Thursday June 23 
At Fovboro, Mass 
South Korea vs Bolivia. 2335 GMT 
Monday June 27 
At Ctacago 
Both la vs Soam, 2005 GMT 
At Danas 

Germany vs South Korea. 2005 GMT 

GROUP D 

W L T CF « PS 
Argentina 1 0 0 4 0 3 

Nigeria 1 0 0 3 0 3 

Bulgaria 0 1 0 0 3 0 

Greece 0 1 0 0 a 0 

Tuesday, June 21 
AI Pox boro. Mass 
Argentina 4. Greece o 

At Dallas 

Nigeria 3. Bulgaria O 

Saturday June 25 
Ai Fartxwo. Mass 
Argentna vs. Nqena. 2005 GMT 

Sunday June 28 

At Chicago 

Bulgaria vs Greece. 1635 GMT 
Thursday June 30 
Ai Foxttoro. Mass 
Greece vs. rjgena. 2335 Gmt 
ai Danes 

Argentina vs. Bulgaria. 2?» GMT 


The Official Sprint World Cu| 

Informatinn T iinp 

Call 

+ 1 + 177 + 230 + 4348 * 

for daily updates on scores, players and 
game recaps 

Sprint. 

Calls will be billed slandard FDD rales 
* In Italy, dial +1+21 1-2304348 


GROUP E 

W L T or GA PM- 
Ireland 10 0 10 3 

Norway 10 0 10 3 

«dy 0 10 0 10 

Mexico 0 10 0 10 

Saturday, June 18 
At East Rutherford, NJ. 

Ireland i. Italy 0 

Sunday June IS 
Al Washington 
Norway I. Mexico 0 

Thursday June 23 
At East Rutherford. NJ. 
ftafy vs. Norway. 2005 GUT 
Friday June 24 
AfOrtando. Fla 
Mexico vs Ireland. 1635 GMT 
Tuesday Jin 28 
At East Rutherford. N J 
Ireland vs. Norway. 1635 GMT 
Al Washington 
Italy vs Mexico. 1635 GMT 

GROUP F 

W L T GF GA Pb 
Netherlands 1 0 0 2 1 3 

Belgium 10 0 10 3 

SeuthAretna 0 i o i 2 0 

Morocco 010010 

Sunday, June 19 
At Orlando. Ffo 
Belgium 1, Moroc c o 0 

Monday June 20 
Ai Washington 
Netherlands 2. Saudi Arabia 1 
Saturday June 25 
Al Orlando. Ha. 

Belgium vs Netherlands, 1635 GMT 
Al East Rutherford. N J. 

Saudi Arabia va Morocco. 1635 GMT 
Wednesday June 29 
Al Orlando. Fla. 

Morocco va Netherlands, 1635 GMT 
Ai Wasfbngton 

Belgium n. Saufi Arabia, 1K35 GMT 

SECOND ROUND 

Saturday JiMy 2 
Gam 37 
Al Chicago 

GrtMai C Winner vs Group A, B or F third place. 
1705 GMT 

Game 38 
Al Washington 

Gimp A second place vs Group C ooc c n d 
piece. 2035 GMT 

Sunday July 3 
GanS 
Al Dallas 

Group F second piece vs Group B second 
piece. 1705 GMT 

Gem 60 

Ai Pasadena, CaM. 

Group A waver ve. Group G.D or E third place. 
2035 GMT 

Monday July 4 

At Orlando. Ha 


Al East Rutherford. NJ. 

Group E wimw vs Group D aecond plaoa. 2035 
GMT 

QUARTERFINALS 

Saturday July 9 
Games 
At Foxboro. Mass 

Game 43 winner vb Game 38 winner. 1605 GMT 
Gault 
Ai Dallas 

Game 41 winner vs Game 42 winner, 1935 GUT 
Sunday July 10 
Gam 47 

At Eau Rutherford. NJ. 

Gone 44 winner vs Game 37 winner, 1605 GMT 
Game 48 
At SI an lord. CaUI 

Game 39 winner vs Game 40 winner. 1 835 GMT 

SEMIFINALS 

Wednesday July 13 

At East Rutherford, NJ. 

Game 47 wtnnar va Game 45 winner. 2005 GMT 
Ai Pasadena. Cam. 

Game 46 wtnnar vs. Game 4B winner. 2335 GMT 

THIRD PLACE 

Sunday July 16 
At Pasadena. CaM. 

Semrtnal toaars. 1935 GMT 

CHAMPIONSHIP 

Sunday July 17 
At Pasadena. CaW. 

Samrflnal wtnnars, 1605 GMT 


“Italy and Irdand will be just as 
difficult.” 

Life in the “Group of Death” 
is tenuous al best 


I love it hecauflc the fields look so : pretty ' Ids 
the real emerald chessboard, YouT can put your 
ear to the ground and hark! yotrH hear the 
rhythm of Bul garia. . ».? • ^ . 'j'-. 

I love the ‘World Cup becaute if s xtumiltt 
time, and there are ho commercial tfrheouts, and. 


out, and no walking slowly toihe nwontf to bri^ 
in the left-hander, and no stqrpmg ont c£ the box 
to scratch yoursdt If s oyer m two hours. So if. 
you say, “Honey, ifs a7:30 start; FH be home m 
9:45," then by God, you wifl. , •* . ‘ 

Bud Sdig and David Stem, .are.yoo writing 
this down? 


Mexico to Stay on Attack Against Ireland 


Match Results 


Arecu Wn q 4 , Greece • 

Scorers; Gabriel Batistuta 13d 44th cmd 
nth); Diego Morodana lUttil. 

Referee; Arturo Angeles (UAj. 

Yellow cords: Aranrifna— FemandtCoce- 
res (41 si I: Greece — p o nerous Tnlouhtdes 
( 25 tm, 5 WI 05 Mamlps ( 5 *lt 1 >. 

Gemaanv I, Mn 1 

Scorers: Germonv — juerpen Klinsmann 
until. Soofn — Juan Gotkoetxea (14th). 
Referee: Rodrigo Badillo (Costa Rice) 
Yellow cords: Germany — Siefen EHen- 
beru (7l3«; Spain- Julio Sail ran (Ittti) JU»-. 
Ionia Otth), Fernando Hierro (54th). 

Nigeria X Bulgaria ■ 

Scorers: RoshltB VeVinl 1 71*1 J, Daniel Am» 
kocMe (43d), Emmanuel Amunlhe (B4lh). 
Referee; RotMgo Badillo (Casta Rica). 
Yeliowards: Nigeria— Emmanuel Amun- 
Qce(74tfU;B<dparla — Yordan Lectileov ISflh). 


FAIRFAX, Virginia — Mexico, stung 
by its single-goal loss to Norway, will 
continue to attack without fear when it 
plays Ireland in Orlando, Florida, on 
Thursday, Coach Miguel Mqia Baron 
said. 

Speaking at the team’s hotel, Baron 
said his players had not suffered any 
serious damage to their morale and were 
still sure they could qualify for the second 
round from Group E. 

“We are convinced as a group that we 
are still able to achieve a lot in this tour- 
nament," he said Tuesday. “We did not* 
.like losing to Norway, but we are not 
deeply upset. Morale is good, we feel 
strong and we can win the matches we 
face." 


Against Ireland, he said, “there may be 
changes, but I am not saying yes or no at 
this stage. We have two more days and 
two more training sessions before we have 
to decide on the lineup.” 

It is likely that striker Carlos Hermo- 
silla, left out of last Sunday’s game, and 
the midfielder Alberto Garcia Aspe will 
be included. 

Aspe, who was suspended for the Nor- 
way match, could inject more pace and 
penetration to the Mexican attack in a 
game in which the heat — the game kicks 
off around noon —may play a si g nifi can t 
role. 

Baron said the Mexican squad had re- 
sponded well in training ana he had no 
injury problems. 

And the veteran striker Hugo S&nchez 


denied reports that he was Struggling. ,• . . u i .- . 

“I am 100 percent fit arid’ I have, bo ^ • ' 

problems,” he said. • 7 V? V . > ;• ' c - 

S&nchez also denied that-membersfbfr . 
the Mexican soccer federation -had. crili-... " 
dzed some players after Sunday’s defeat/ .. . 

He said Mexico would keep the same 
style of play against. Irdand as- -it had: 
against Norway. ‘ ^ '“ c _ . 

“They play in the sashe British stjfev ; 

he said. “We know what ’to expect ^ *'-• 

saw them play Italy and we aiexeady/or . -v ‘ J* : 
them. ' ' ,iC - 

Baron said he fell Ireland was a stroo& ‘ 
dangerous and very experienced teari*. 
but beatable if . Mexico is able to retain '■ - r : 
l ^sg sjon and play with some attacking • ^ S:..-, 


I' 


Italy WiUMalse 3 Changes for Norway Match 


Goal Scorers 


ai Pasadena. Cat. After moftftea Blared aa Toesder 

Group A mrretvs Group C.D or E thlal pttco. 3 — OabrW BaHsMa Araenrina 
2035 GMT 3— Florin Rodudolu. Romanta: JOrsen KRns- 

Mmdajr July 4 room. Gomwnv; Jtai Goaajefwa Sertn. 

Ghvu 1 — Julia Salinas. SMn; Hgng Mrung Be, 

At Orlando. Ha 5outti Korea; See Jw Won. Savtti Korea; 

Groua F ainnervL. Group E second placa. 1605 Ceoroes Breov, Seltiorlund,- Brk Wniukh 
CUT U A; Roy Howhton. Inrimf; Gtworohe Hoot 


CUT UA; Roy Howhton. Inrimf; Gtworohe Hoot 

as Romania; Adolfo Valencia CotamMa; Marc 

at , Dtoryse. Belgium; Kletll Rekdal. Narvmv: 

_ _ Roger Um. Sereden? Martin paniHi. Swe- 

” Grwp A C “ D s * atx - den; DovM Embe. Coroeroon; Francois 


Tuesday July 5 
Gam 43 

At Fo x boro. Maas. 


Omar Blrfc. Cameroo n ; Romdrta. Brazil; 
Raf. Brazil; Wlm Jonk. Nettwriantfa; Gaston 
Taumcnt NMtieilands; Fuad Amin, 5 audl 
Arabta; Diego Mar a dona Aigenilna; Ro- 


Group D winner vs. Group B E or F pud piaee. dikfl YekbiLNlparla; DreiM Amekactile. NF. 
1705 GMT Oerio; Emmanuel Artninlke, Niger ia . 


Rett ten 

MARTINSVILLE, New Jersey — 
Coach Arrigo Sacchi on Wednesday re- 
called powerful striker Pierluigi Casir- 
aghi to lead the Italian attack in Thurs- 
day’s crucial Group E match with 
Norway. 

The return of the Lazio man is one of 
three changes from the starting line-up 
that Sacchi selected in last Saturday’s 1-0 
upset by Irdand- 

Tbe coach has dropped the AC Milan 
duo of Mauro Tassotti and Roberto 
Donadoni, while a calf iiy’iiry has ruled 


Sampdoria midfielder Alberigo Evani 
out of contention. 

Parma right-back Antonio Benanivo 
replaces the veteran Tassotti. In mid- 
field, Intemazionale’s Nicola Berti 
cranes in for Donadoni on the right while 
Giuseppe Signori, who has shaken off a 
hamstring injury, will be pulled back 
from a striking role to replace Evani. 

Casiraghi will partner Europ ean foot- 
baller of the year Roberto Baggio in die 
4-4-2 formation that Sacchi used suc- 
cessfully in qualifying for the World 
Cup. 

“Casiraghi is a player who gives Ro- 


berto Baggio a lot of support. He. i&V«y A 
courageous and- deLominea,” ' Sacchi i . 

said. .. ;. • v4tr »'• 

’ ’’ ,vf 7 " l '-‘ 4 : ^ 0 

A 2-1 defeat ty Norway in a. ISPi: v ‘ ^^^’4 
lu^c^ean diampionsiiip qualifier effee- r o 
vJ& c ?f t goal’s predecessor, ‘ V: •. rk, 

XSa hra ,ob and the same' fate wcuWfc i-. ,.T: 
4oubfl«s befall Sacchi wexe the jea*; ^ 

tpoy°u know that CNojwc?giancoach-' 
tgu) Olsen is said to have gotaevM :: \ 
coaches the sat*?,” Sacchi was asked:^ 

^caTve heard thaL M said the i 5 i‘;vkt 
coach, sm iling nervously. . : «ia 

— st. ‘Oc 














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SPORTS 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 


Page 23 





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Andoni Zubizarreta, Spam’s goalie (left), taking a spill after failing to block a shot by Jurgen Klinsmann of Germany, as Stefan Effenberg followed die ball into the goal. TTk Group C teams played to a 1-1 draw at Soldier FieWfe| C ^i^^o. ,1WLr ' P,WM ! 

Germany and Spain Wage Tactical Warfare in Battling to 1-1 Draw 


By Christopher Clarey 

New York Tima Service 

CHICAGO — Taken alone, it was the 
kind of soccer score to make suddenly 
offense-minded FIFA officials cringe: 
Germany 1, Spain ]. 

But this was far from a stultifying exer- 
cise in self-preservation and soccer conser- 
vatism. For anyone who sat at sun- 
drenched Soldier Field and reveled in what 
finally felt like low humidity, it was an 
afternoon wdl spent. 

Though only two goals were scored, 
there could easily have been six. and for 
most of the 90 minutes, two of the world’s 
best sides creatively explored the limits of 
their ball skills and tactical talents. 

‘‘Yon obviously have seen a good 
match,” said Germany’s sweeper ana cap- 
tain, Lothar Matthaus, who, at age 33, 
obviously has played in enough matches to 


• 

lffena 


know (he difference. “I hope it helps you 
have a good evening.” 

The Germans were certainly not in a 
position to complain. Though they have 
yet to recapture die form — particularly in 
midfield — that carried them to the 1990 
championship, they now have four points 
after two matches and are virtually assured 
of a place in the second round heading into 
their last Group C match, against South 
Korea. 

Spain, which was disappointing last 
week in a 2-2 tie with the underdog South 
Korea, lifted its game significantly in less 
difficult meteorological conditions. 

Despite the defensive absence of captain 
Miguel Nadal, who was suspended for the 
remainder of the first round after receiving 
a red card against the Koreans, the Span- 
iards controlled play with style for much of 
the first half. 

They did so with a reworked starting 


lineup that included the longtime goalkeep- 
er, Andoni Zubizarreta, and midfielders 
Jose Luis Caminero and Josep Guardioia. 

“We obviously missed Nadal, but we 
played our best and we should be satisfied 
with the result we got against the world 
'champions,” said Spain’s coach, Javier 
Gemente, whose team can assure itself a 
place in the second round with a victory 
against Bolivia. 

The match started out resembling a 
holdover from the last World Cup in Italy, 
with malicious tackling, whistles sounding 
and rhythmless play. But this World Cup 
has been a considerably more aesthetic 
tournament, and the Spaniards and Ger- 
mans quickly complied with the new spirit. 

With just under 10 minutes gone. Sergi 
Baxjuan of Spain broke free up the left 
side, eluded one defender and broke past 
another before finding himself with an 
open shot from 16 yards ouL Only a spec- 


tacular effort from Germany’s goalkeeper. 
Bodo Dlgner, kept the game scoreless. 

Sergi’s burst signaled a change in tempo 
and suddenly space was less difficult to 
come by. Fourteen minutes into the half. 
Guardioia. the star of Spain's gold-medal 
Olympic team in 1992, started a run at 
midfield. 

He passed the ball to Albert Ferrer, who 
knocked it on to Jon Andoni Goikoetxea, 
who was streaking up the right side. When 
the German defender Andreas Brehme 
was slow to react, Goikoetxea lofted a shot 
from about 25 yards (80 feet) out. 

The ball carried over the misplaced 
Dlgner, flirted with the crossbar and car- 
omed off the back post and into the net to 
give Spain a 1-0 lead. 

It was hardly surprising that Guardioia. 
Ferrer and Goikoetxea worked together so 
well, considering that all three play for 
Spain's top club Barcelona. Such cohesion 


was exactly what Gemente had in mind 
when he deconstructed Spain’s team in the 
last two years, eliminating some brilliant 
individual talents and drawing heavily 
from Barcelona’s roster. 

For the rest of the first half, engaged the 
defending World Cop champions in hi ghly 
entertaining end-to-end soccer. Both 
teams had good chances: Sergi proving 
dangerous for Spain and Andreas MdUer 
and his teammate Jfirgen Klinsmann do- 
ing the same for Germany. 

But the Germans’ bright advantage be- 
gan to show in Spain’s penalty box, and in 
the opening minutes of the second half, 
that significant edge put an end to Spain’s 
dreams of an upset 

Off a free lack from Thomas Hassler 
from the right side. Klinsmann did what he 
has done so often in his 29 years: soar 
above a defender and slam the header 
inside the far post 


Goikoetxea: Lucky 


CHICAGO — Spain's Jon Andoni 
Goikoetxea said his goal in the draw 
a g ain st Germany was pure luck, be- 
cause he had meant to cross the ball 
into the middle from the right wing. 

“My intention was to center the bail, 
not to score,” he said. “1 was very lucky 
but stai it’s a big day for me to score 
against the world champions and I will 
remember it for ever.” 

Goikoetxea, who also scored 
against South Korea, added: “I’m just 
riding my luck. I’m not really a goal 
scorer.” 


-i — . J-.-Si 


In Debut With 3-0 
Rout of Bulgaria 

By Elliott Almond 

Los Angela Tima Service 

DALLAS — Clemens Westerhof is from the Netherlands, but 
he sounded more like a coach from Los Angeles after Nigeria 
made its impressive World Cop debut with a 3-0 victory over 


v “It’s Showtime,” he said. 

i> Hurt it was. as the Super Eagles brought an exciting, lightning-, 
quick attack to the Cotton Bowl on Tuesday night before 44,132, 
rahnost 20,000 below capacity. 

K Theycameoutof Africa as the continent's champions, yet some 
>ffcre not sure Nigeria could withstand the pressures of the World 
Cop. But it was Bulgaria, a participant in six Cup finals, that is 
Cutout a victory. 

The Bulgarians were left bickering and complaining, but in 
Teatity had no defense for Nigeria’s frontal assault. 

/' “We want to show people we play football in Africa,” Wester- 
iof said! “It has been five years of hard work. It’s over that (they] 
;pan look at us, and think, Tfs an African team, so no problem.’ ’’ 

\ Nigeria, perhaps, also sent a message to the teams that piay a 
■tradiuonal style df soccer. The Super Eagles simply let it fly, and 
'there was more than one Bulgarian defender left in their wake. 

“We love to attack, we love logo,” said Emmanuel Amumke,who 
scored the team's third goal, cm a diving header in the 55th minute. 

Sometimes they attacked in threes, sometimes in twos, but 
almost always with the 6-foot-3 (190-centimeter) Rasheed YdtinL 
i Yekini, Africa's player of the year, scored almost half of 
Nigeria’s goals in qualifying, so it was appropriate that he scored 
the team’s first in the finals, in the 21st minate after a nice cross 
front. the accelerating George Hindi. 

Bot' said Westerhof, “We have not yet seen the real Rasbced 
Yekhu. It's coming.” 

Arid -no one has seen the real Super Eagles, another scaiy 
■ tho ugh t * 

‘ Au gustine Okocha, the team’s star midfielder, did not play 
against Bulgaria after suffering a sfigbt leg injury during the 
weekend Captain Stephen Keshi also was held out. 

^“1 didn’t want to take any risks.” Westerhof said. “Okocha win 
come later— against Maradona.” 

next match in Group D will be against favored 
Argentina and its aging superstar, Diego Maradona. 



Johansson Likes New Rules 


■ V.: ... :: • . ,rv ’i. 




Nigeria: did not need meregm*uAUiri«»*i*3*uuii 
entered^toumament as an offensive-oriented team. Prter Rufai 
made severa] ^ saves, and the defense pressured the Bulgarian 
sttSEet^Hosto Stoitdikov and Emil Kostadinov to the point of 
frustiaStp: After the Bulgarians got two early scoring opportuni- 
ties and&aed. they went into a trance. • 

1 we would have scored first, it would have been 

Dinritar Penev, Bulgaria > coach. 

BuEaria^TKvit scored in the 37th minute. Augustine Eguavoen 
_ r cnmn-'i most dflnuGTous forwards, in 





W~. 


Reuters 

PASADENA — Three points for a victory 
and the ban on tackles from behind have 
transformed the image of the World Cup 
fin a l s, according to Lennart Johansson, the 
president of UEFA European soccer’s gov- 
erning body. 

“I am delighted with the innovations FIFA 
have made for the tournament.” said Johans- 
son. “Awarding three points for a win has 
encouraged teams to play for the win. 

“In the Sweden-Cameroon match on Sun- 
day, Sweden equalized in the 75th minute to' 
make it 2-2. Under the old system of two 
points for a win, both teams would probably 
have settled for a point and the match would 
have petered out for the last 15 minutes. 

“But neither team wanted to lose two 
points on Sunday and they both continued 
attacking right tifl the end." 

“At the same time, banning the tackle from 
behind has given the attacking players more 
time oa the ball,” he said, “and we have seen 
the benefits of that immediately. They are 
creating more, wrongdoers are being punished. 
It is good for the game and good for the fans.” 

♦ -t-- - But Johansson, who is also a FIFA vice 

president said the governing body could still 
do more to improve the flow of play. 

“I think that any player rolling around in 
apparent agony and play-acting should be 


booked, and that referees should immediately 
give the yellow card for shirt-pulling.” be 
said. “We are also seeing an improvement in 
the now of games due to a less publicized 
change. The referees here are younger and 
fitter than before. 

“The oldest is 45, the youngest two referees 
both turned 34 only in May. They can keep up 
with play. It is a subtle, change,' but one that 
also helps the game move.” 

In Chicago, Germany’s captain, Lothar 
Matthfius. said tough refereeing was helping 
turn tins into a scorers’ tournament. 

Speaking after the J-l draw with Spain, he 
said the current finals were turning out be 
“very interesting.” 

“I have already seen some very good play- 
ers and what surprised me most was Argenti- 
na’s performance,” said Matthaus, who 
watched the Argentine team’s 4-0 defeat of 
Greece on television. 

“FIFA’s decisions have helped attacking 
players," the nndfieider-tumed-sweeper said. 
‘They’ve been good for strikers who don’t 
have to worry about having their legs 
chopped away all the time. It’s very positive 
for soccer’s development.” 

“Personally, I must say h would have been 
nice to have had these rales in place 10 years 
ago. As you know I’ve always played offen- 
sively, and I've taken a beating for it.” 


WORLD CUP WRAP-UP 


midfirtttfcausc of nriscomrounrcauon, auroniu, 

SSalw IwTaS koocKed^ thel taS in- with! hx pteni teftfooL 
: BSflie^d notcount 

. Tte^we^mtcjnationaJ inexperience, _ . 

.-^Yefe^qught the Bu ^ ar j^'^ng°Friday , s South Korea- 
■jtfB&Hb-aot as intense as it wasaurmg y va™ and his 
Sp*mT$K(*L perhaps it had more to do wild anu 

fast-paced game than anything. . 

! ;^¥^2STcSd«dl the Bulgarians were dragging. 

goose ^ re<1 ’. was finish ed after Nigeria’s 

AridwatSfeitciikov said his ^teamwas fa ^ 43d 

it in from a few yards out- 





\ V. . -ip- 

•o-~ V t i 





yi 

MkJud iicpL Jerry Hpdcr/TV AMvuKd prm 

Ben India, left, and Sunday Oliseh of Nigeria, and Iordan Letchkov of Bulgaria, chasing 
the haS (top photo). Rasheed Yekini celebrating his goal, the first of Nigeria’s three. 


Compiled by Oar Sutff From Dispatcher 

FIFA’s secretary general. 
Sepp Blatter, who 'before the 
tournament started threatened 
to send home referees who did 
not send off players who tack- 
led from behind, said Wednes- 
day that, “We are not happy 
with some of the refereeing.” 

FIFA officials were appar- 
ently not pleased that Brazilian 
star Romirio was manhandled 
by the Russians in a match con- 
trolled by Mauritius referee 
Urn Kee Chong, and with the 
way the American, referee Ar- 
turo Angelos allowed Greek de- 
fenders to kick Argentina’s Die- 
go Maradona. 

• Brazil’s central defender, 
Ricardo Rocha, may not be 
able to play against Cameroon 
on Friday, the team’s doctor, 
Mauro Pompeu, said. 

Pompeu said the former Real 
Madrid player bad pulled a 
muscle in his left thigh during 
the second half of Monday’s 
victory over Russia. Rocha, 
who limped off and was re- 
placed by Roma defender Al- 
dair, had been ordered to avoid 
any exercise. 

• Swedish defender Roger 
Ljung had strained muscles in 
his right leg and might not be fit 
for the game with Russia. 

“Roger did not train yester- 
day. He worked too hard 
against Cameroon and strained 
his thigh muscles,” coach Tom- 
my Svensson said Wednesday. 


ljung scored Sweden's opening 
goal in the 2-2 draw. 

• Thousands of workers at 
the world’s largest shipyard, in 
South Korea, have found a new 
way of watching the World 
Cup: By - striking when the 
match against Bolivia will be 
telecast there on Friday morn- 
ing. 

The labor union at Hyundai 
Heavy Industries in Ulsan, 200 
kilometers (125 miles) south- 
east of Seoul, said it plans to 
call a three-hour temporary 
strike Friday morning to enable 
its 25.000 members to watch the 
match. 

Workers will be asked to vote 
on the strike proposal Thurs- 
day, the union said. 

It is demanding a 13 percent 
wage hike but the company says 
it cannot give more than 5 per- 
cent, a guideline informally set 
by the government to fight in- 
flation. 

Hyundai management called 
the planned strike illegal. 

• The Irish fans left stranded 
by a London tour company 
have gotten more promises of 
support with match tickets and 
hotel accommodation, an Irish 
consulate official said in Orlan- 
do, Florida. 

Vice Consul Shane O Rior- 
dain said some of the fans lad 
booked through travel agents 
and some of those agents had 
agreed to meet accommodation 
costs, while travel agency repre- 
sentatives were also coining 


over from Ireland. Some fans 
were having to share up to six in 
a room. 

In London, the tour operator. 
Sportex Sports Travel, blamed 
its local agent and said it had 
covered all accommodation 
costs and air fares. But O Rior- 
dain said that none of the mon- 
ey had arrived as of Tuesday. 

• In Germany, an estimated 
25 percent of the 80 million 
populace tuned in late Tuesday 
for the defending champion's 1 - 
1 draw with Spain. 

• In Bangladesh, inmates 
went on strike before agreeing 
to resume eating when prison 
authorities relented and al- 
lowed them to watch live tele- 
vised matches from the United 
States. 

• Norway’s largest evening 
paper, Verdens Gang, bet 
660,000 kroner ($94,285) on 
Wednesday that the country’s 
team will reach the finals. 

The bet was placed at 12-1 
odds, which would earn a re- 
turn of 8 million kroner ($1.14 
million). 

• The plane taking the Neth- 
erlands’ squad from Washing- 
ton to Orlando was forced into 
an emergency landing at Rich- 
mond, Virginia, five minutes af- 
ter take-off Tuesday when 
Dutch journalist Leo Dries sen 
lost consciousness. He was tak- 
en to a hospital and the team 
arrived three hours late in Flori- 
da. (Reuters. AFP. A Pi 


/ 











Page 24 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, THURSDAY, JUNE 23, 1994 


art buchwald 

$50 Ticket? Just Say No 


mk 

m 

•? 

£ 




YITASHINGTON — There 

* , 9° mes a tune in every par- 
rat 5 life when they have to sav 

no to their children. It is a 
terrible moment for a child be- 
cause he or she suddenly real- 
izes that the father and mother 
never loved them. 

So it was With Colleen 
McCarty, a 16-year-old who 
discovered just 
when school 
was out for the 
summer what 
her parents 
really thought 
of her. 

She said to 
her father. 

“May I have 
S50 to go to the 
Grateful Dead 
concert?” Buchwald 

To her amazement her father 
said. “No.” 

Colleen shrieked, “What do 
you mean ‘no’?” 

“I meant that you can’t go 
because $50 is a lot of money 
and I could use it for something 
like a new battery.” 

“But EVERYBODY is go- 
ing," Colleen protested. 

“Who is everybody?” 

“Sophie, Charley, Turtle and 
Big Mac, and Zonker and Ra- 
chel.” 

“That's not everybody." 
McCarty said. “That’s the short 
list of people you hang out with 
at Roy Rogers.” 


Colleen couldn’t believe her 
ears. “I’ll die if I don’t go to the 
concert.” 

McCarty said. “People have 
died from going to a rock con- 
cert, but no one ever died from 
not going." 

The rejection could be seen all 
over Colleen's face. She said: “Is 
this the father who carried me on 
his back to Fourth of July pa- 
rades? The one who tossed a 
baseball to me on the front lawn, 
the man who defended me when 
the principal said that I talked 
too much in school? How could 
he turn his back od me now 
when 1 need him the most? Why 
would any parent hold back a 
lousy 50 bucks at possibly the 


Have Trumpet, Will Keep on Traveling 


most important moment m a 
child’s life?” 

Colleen decided to have one 
more crack at iL “If I clean up 
my room and make my bed, 
could I have the money for the 
concert?” 

McCarty asked. “If I say no. 
will you hate me forever?" 

Colleen replied. “1 won't hate 
you but I'll never trust you to 
have my best interests ai heart 
again.” 

At that moraem Mrs. 
McCarty walked into the room. 

Mr. McCarty said, “Colleen 
wants to annul our relationship 
because of irreconcilable differ- 
ences.” 

“Give me one good reason 
why I can't go to the Grateful 
Dead concert, which happens 
to be the only important event 
of the yea/ in this dumpy 
town?" 

“Money doesn’t grow on 
trees,” her mother said. 

Colleen screamed. “Why do 
you always say that when some- 
one wants lo go to a rock con- 
cert?” 

□ 

Mrs. McCarty responded, 
“Why do you have to have a fit 
whenever we turn you down?” 

“Because you don’t under- 
stand me. You have no idea 
how important the Grateful 
Dead is in my life. You are the 
only parents who would ignore 
the emotional needs of their 
daughter to save a mere $50.” 

“Perhaps.*’ said Mr. 
McCarty, "but some day when 
you're a mother your daughter 
will come to you with a request. 
She will ask for $1,500. which 
will probably be the equivalent 
at that time of $50 today, to 
hear her favorite rock group, 
and you will make a similar 
decision." 

“Never. I won’t treat my 
child in such a way that she will 
he alienated from me for the 
rest of my life." 

“You hate me, don’t you?” 
Mr. McCarty yelled. 

“Hate is too strong a word. 
Dad. At the same lime. I am not 
going to ask you to walk me 
down the aisle when I get mar- 
ried.” j 


By Mike Zwerin 

Inim&iionuJ HergU Tribune 

P ARIS — Although his positive at- 
titude and enlightened chat im- 
proves the ambience on any bus, train 
or plane he boards, there had been too 
many of them. Four years ago. at the 
age of 69, Clark Teny thought he 
needed more slack. He said that if he 
subtracted the time he spent traveling 
to work he’d only be 60. 

So he raised his price. Tins taught 
him a great deal about money. He got 
more work than ever. As other re- 
spected veterans died or retired. Terry 
became more visible and valuable. 
The operative blurb for jazz Ls “expect 
the unexpected.” It’s all 3boui risk. 
Risk implies the possibility of failure. 
You tell your story in real time. Al- 
though there arc bound to be streaks. 
Terry is still one high-percentage risk- 
taker. 

As improvisers age. they tend to 
play old and sure licks on tried and 
true warhorses. Power trumpet play- 
ers also risk heart attacks and hernias. 
Toward the end. Dizzy Gillespie 
played shorter solos and avoided the 
upper register. But talk about charis- 
ma. Old Dizzy was applauded just for 
appearing on stage. Clark Terry's mel- 
lifluous trumpet tone was an" impor- 
tant influence on Miles Daw. a fellow 
St. Louis, Missouri, native. Late in 
life. Miles began to perform the same 
arrangements of the same tunes every 
night. As always, be played principal- 
ly off silence. Shortly before he died. 1 
watched him shuffle painfully from 
stage-right to stage-left, his horn 
tucked under an arm. It took eight 
bats of a slow blues to get there. Along 
about bar six. thousands of lit ciga- 
rette lighters were held high in tribute. 

Terry's thing is taste. Taste, like 
silence! does not fade away. He never 
depended much on his upper register, 
so he doesn’t have to avoid it. The 
guys joke that he has nev er in his life 
played one wrong note. In fact there is 
no such thing as a “wrong” note. One 
object of jazz is to redefine “mistake.” 
There are no mistakes per se. The trick 
is to find graceful exits from unexpect- 
ed situations. The only inexcusable 
error is not swinging. And here a 
prizefighting metaphor come, .n 
handy. 

Teny boxed when he was a kid. *Td 
dance.” he said. *Td duck when it was 
necessary, spit in the guy’s face if 
that’s what it took. You’ve got to bob 
and weave, keen vour balance and 





Clark Tory: ‘‘Complacency is your biggest enemy.'’ 


counterpunch." Musically, Terry has 
never been knocked down, let alone 
OUL 

“Clark, how come you never play 
wrong notes,” I asked nim, tongue-in- 
cheek. 

“I play them every night,” he said. 
"I've been doing it for over 50 years 
and I’m going to keep right on doing it 
until 1 learn how to get it right” He 
stopped for a guffaw. “I want to keep 
playing as long as I can get a good 
pucker.” 

His pucker is good enough to keep 
him in fine financial shape for an 
honest not-quite- household name jazz 
musician. He and his wife, Gwen, re- 
cently sold their New York apartment 
and their home in Texas to buy a 
house on Long Island Sound in Glenn 
Cove, New York. “To pay for it” he 
said. ‘Tra going to have to pucker a 
bit longer." 

Terry was one of the first black free- 
lancers in the recording studios, and 
then to be hired on-staff for network 
television (Skitch Henderson’s band 
with Johnny Carson). He played with 
Lionel Hampton. Charlie Barnet and 
Quincy Jones. He formed his own big 
band in the-late 1970s. “Leading a big 


band in the post-big band era has been 
called a labor of love," he said. "It has 
also been caBed stupid.” 

His scat-singing style, a sort of edu- 
cated nonsense he calls “mumbles,” is 
about as classy as that sort of act can 
geL He loves to laugh at hims elf and a 
ygisg of humor comes in bandy in an 
art form that tends to take itself too 
seriously. Humor certainly helps com- 
municating with youth and he has 
become increasingly involved with 
high school and university level jazz 
education — seminars, workshops, 
clinics and band camps. 

After organizing a summer band 
camp for Westmar College in Le 
Mars, Iowa, the school asked him to 
lay the foundations for a Clark Terry 
Institute of Jazz on all their campuses, 
including in Japan and The Nether- 
lands. He's doing that now. 

Most of ah, however, he is re- 
nowned as the only sideman to have 
had extended stints (13 years total) 
with both Count Basie and Duke El- 
lington. His eyes, which are bright 
despite cataracts with complications, 
lit up as he asked: "Did I ever tell you 
the story about how I left Basie to join 
Duke? No? 


“1 was playing with Basie at the 
Capitol Lo ung e in Chicago. Duke was 
also in town. He called me lip and 
said, Tiey, Sweety . . .’ He! was al- 
ways good at greasing , you. He was 
King Greasy. ‘Sweety, we'd sure like 
to have you aboard.’ We met privately 
and talked details. He said, ‘It’s not 
proper protocol for one to steal a 
musician from one's buddy’s band, so 
we’ll have to work this thing out stra- 
tegically. Sweety. wh Y don’t you con- 
sider me putting you quietly on salary. 
and then you take a little vacation. 
Yon might tdl Basie you’re ill and you 
want to go home and get your health 
back.’’ 

‘T did that and then a month later 
before he played the Kid Auditorium 
in Sl Louis, he called me up and said, 
“You might just decide, after staying 
home for a month, that you wear to 
come oat an the road a g ai n .' So that’s 
what happened. He had-it all. worked 
out Duke, he was like my father. 
Later. Basie told me he knew ail about 
it all the time. 

“Duke and Sweet Pea [BiBy Stray- 
hoxnj didn’t write for instruments, 
they wrote for the people that played 

a step fimher by wrkkjgfor Paul Gon- 
salves drunk.] So we all had our names 
on the parts — Carney, Juan, Cat. Rex 
Stewart had a way of half-valving an 
E, and so they wrote that note a lot to 
get that effect. Once we were rehears- 
ing a new a rra n gement of /Sophisti- 
cated Lady* by Sweet Pea.and it Was 
so beautifuL I said to him, ‘Peas, that 
chart was fantastic.’ And Peas said, 
‘Did you enjoy your part? 7 Imagine 
that ! How many arrangers would 
care? Usually the attitude is some- 
thing like, just play your part and 
shut up.* Peas understood that if you 
enjoy your part you play ir better.. 

“Kids always ask me for advice. 1 
tdl them, ‘You got to believe in y our- 
self, but it’s not going, to happen over- 
night. If you are fortunate enough to 
play a little better than the rest of 
thou, then that's one of the most dan- 
gerous traps. That leads to compla- 
cency. Complacency is your biggest 
enemy. When you become complacent 
and you think you’re really grooving, 
that means you’re satisfied. And if 
you’re satisfied, that’s exactly where 
they’re going to find you 20 years 
hence. You’re not going to move any- 
more. You've got to keep steppnf .” 

Clark Terry will be touring the Euro- 
pean summer jazz festivals in July. 


^PEOPLE- 

Troubled Foundation 

Gi»*XodtoSdiyer^ 

Pierre Sa'j”. 8 ^ she fin®- 
named of Nor- 

dafly troubled barn ^ ^yjj. 

sesjSSsi 

-other project- 

□ 

Zoo rescue: John 
South London commend^ .a 

ycr, who died in JWWJ ten 

than £2 million ($3 
lion) to the London Zoo. * !“ 

. has been threatened with closure 

due to a financial costs. 

O 

The French film director 

Je^^qne^ Beffl*. ^ uken 
aim at Hollywood, calling lot* 
fair share in the world market 
for French films. Beoax, m 
Taipei to kick off a French mov~ 
ie festival said: “You can’t have 
a speech in the General Agree- 
ment on Tariffs and Trade say- 
ing you want a ‘liberal ■ movie 
industry .' . but what you are 
doing is controlling the triarfcet. 

. .□ 

The Duchess of Ywk sat out 
the mothers' race at her daugh- 
ter’s school in Windsor on sports 
day because she had hurt ber 
back in a -recent riding acddenL 
□ 

It was a starry night for celeb- 
rity watchers at the opening of 
IfauferaStreisaikd's fivemghl en- 
gagement at Madison Square 
Garden. Ajnong the first- 
nighters: Maria Maples Trump. 
Baribara Walters, Liza Minnelli, 
Anthony Quimk, Bernadette Pe- 
ters, forms’ mayor David Din- 
kins, Jides Stein and, Donald 
Trump. It was Streisand's first 
concert in New York — the last 
stop onbertour — since 1967. 

wternStoSal 

CLASSIFIED 

Appears on Page 10 




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WEATHER 

Forecast lor Friday ttirouqh Sunday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 


WEEKEND DESTINATIONS 


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Danvar Ihrough Sail Lal*e 
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Genital Europe will have 
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jjRa*n (tno* 

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Warm weather over eastern 
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by Sunday A tew heavy 
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near Be tmo rforthom Japan 
win te dry and reasonable. 
Scatlcred heavy -ams «-tu oe 
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Semi 

5hitngr» 

5mgapom 

TBpm 

Tokyo 


Today 
High Low 
OF CIF 
326# 25/77 
30«B 22rt1 
30-66 Terra 
32«S 24/73 
42*107 31 WB 
26 70 W.M 
29/04 24.75 
37.63 23/73 
33(91 24/75 
26/77 19(68 


W High Low Iff 
OF OF 
t 33(91 26.79 t 
t 31(08 22/71 pc 
pc 31(08 26/79 c 
t 33/91 24/75 I 
pc *1 'ICO 30-68 > 
yh 79/64 2046 pc 
I 30/86 23/73 pc 
pc 32/00 24/75 pc 
pc 33*1 24/76 * 
oh 23/73 18W Jh 


AJgwiv 28.02 20*8 ■ 79(64 22/71 9 

Gape Tow 16/BI 10.50 pc 13/W 9(48 pc 

C(nton 27(00 17« t 27/80 18*4 pc 

hOStr 20/68 9.40 Wi 23/73 (l«2 pc 

Lagos 2964 73/73 1 29(04 24/75 *h 

ftaraH 21,70 11.52 pc 22/7! 12(53 pe 

Taw 88 Its 17*2 a 32/89 21/70 pc 


North America 


Logond: s-surny. pc-pjiry cloudy, edaody. y> shower?, Hhunocrp-Tnr^. /van. si-cn-aw 
an-sngw. nee. It Mutv AB ©easts end data provided bj-Acew-Wea/fter. Ire. I95d 


Areherag* 

441314.1 

Postal 

Thcngo 

Dcm-c* 

Wral 

HryxiLiNi 

Kzardon 

Uam 

ttauras 

V.jrrjval 

/4»SS*( 

/*-» v aik 
PToerx. 
3taFnr« 
SeaBle 

y/ashngtai 


19M 3/*0 

B.V1 22.71 
3160 I" 84 
2862 1064 
31 .W 16(81 
29-W 18(64 
28/82 22.71 
33/91 81-73 

33/31 10/54 

23 (?t 23/73 
11.00 10.64 
<879 14?E7 
3100 24.75 
31-38 20.68 
43. 1C9 29(84 
I7t 12.53 
2:70 1152 
27.0c 1487 
33/51 21/70 


(h 17(82 7.44 pc 

pc 33(91 22/71 I 
s 88/82 18*4 pc 
C 29 84 17,6? pc 
pc 33.01 15(51 a 
pe 27/80 iB/54 pc 
pc 29/94 2173 pc 
t 34.U3 24/75 pe 
a 29.04 17/62 1 
I 33.61 24/75 pc 
pc 30.06 17/62 pc 
pc 26.79 14.57 pc 
Sh 32 09 2< 79 I 
y 30(80 21/70 r 
» 45(113 30.86 a 
a 21/70 12(53 i 
c 17*2 11/52 Wi 
pc 2760 IT/62 pe 
pc 33/31 23.73 I 


SATURDAY 


Europe and Middle East 
Location V/maet 


Cannes 

Deauvfle 

Rai iri 

Malaga 

Cagbad 

Faro 

Piraeus 

Corfu 

Sngfnon 

Ostend 

Schevemngen 

Sytt 

tanb- 

TarfAarfv 


putty sunny 
cloudy 


clouds and Bui 
parity sunny 
#hom— 
pertly sonny 
sumy 

douay 

doudy 
partly eunny 
party sunny 
party sunny 
party sunny 


Caribbean and West Atlantic 

Barbados showers 

twos on unry 

St. Thomas partly aunrry 

Hamit on partly sunny 


Penang 

Phuket 

Bai 

Cebu 

Palm Beach, Aus 
Bay of Islands. NZ 
Sh/rahama 
Honrtuki 


ttiuidertorms 
party surmy 
clouds and sun 
partly sunny 
sunny 
showers 
showers 
cfcwte and sun 



SUNDAY 


Speed 
W - 
SE 15-30 
ESE 7V30 
NE 1020 
WNW 20-35 
S 15-25 
W 30-55 
N 15-30 
N 12-25 
E 1530 
E 15-30 
VAR 10-20 
N 10-20 
KW 15-30 
NW 15-25 


E 25-35 

E 25-40 

E 25-35 

SE 2035 


SW 15-25 
SW 15-25 
SW 12-25 
E 12-22 
SE 20-40 
W 2W5 
ENE 2545 
E 2035 


Woodier 

High 

Low 

vmmr 

Wan 


Ten«L 

Tons. 

Temp. 

n*snn 


OF 

OF. 

_OF 

(WWWw) 

srtowars 

ZB/79 

T7/B2 

21/70 

!i-a 

showers • 

22/71 

1509 

ISfBB 

1-2 

party sunrn 

30/B8 

21/70 

20/BB 

1-2 

am 

27/80 

17AZ 

am 

1-3 

clouds and mi 

33/91 

24/75 

22/71 

• 1-2 

partly tunny 

25/77 

18/Si 

18«4 

1-3 • 

sunny 

33/91 

22/71 

20/68 

1n2 

sumy 

33/91 

22/71 

22(71 

1-2 

ShOWBTS 

21/70 

14/57 

14/57 

1-2 

showers 

21/70 

15/59 

13/55 

1-2 


Europe end Middle E«et 


Cannes 

OeauvHe 

RtmW 

Malaga 

Cagfiari 

Faro 

Ptraeus 

Corfu 

Brighron 

Ostend 

Sd w anh gan 

sy«. 

Izmir 
Tel Aviv 


Caribbean and West Atlantic 

Barbados clouds and sun 3i«8 24/75 

Kingston . surmy 33/91 . 24/75 

StThomas party sunny 32/89 25/77 

KamScn doudsantf s<at 27/80 21/70 

AsWPacMc 

Penang showers 33/91 23/73 

Phuket ttwleretomis 33/91 20/79 

Sal party sunny 33B1 2303 

Cebu showers 32/69 24/75 

Pafen Beach, Aus. clouds and an 17/62 8/48 

Bay of Islands, NZ clouds end sun 17/62 10150 

Shhahama clouds and sun 26/79 18/54 

Honolulu clouds and sui 29/84 23/73 


Ai tomcaca and dan provided 
by Acc u W aa h u r ; loco 199* 


Wind 

Spaed 

(kpto 

SW 20-40 
NE 15-30 
SE • 15-25 
W 20-3 5 
S5W 20-40 
W 25-50 


cloudy 

clouds and sun 

sunny 

BMWy 


N 1530 
NW 15-25 
NE 1530 
NE 1530 


NW 1530 
NMW 1830 


E 2535 
E 25-40 
E 2535 
SE 25-40 • 


SW 1525 
SW 1525 
SW 12-25 
E 12-22 
SE 20-40 
W 3550 
N 2540 
E 2035 


TTavel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


ABET AccessNumbers. 

How to call around the work! 

] Using the chan below, find the country you are calling fttam. 
i Dial the corresponding AES' Access Number. 

3 An A&T English-speaking Operator or voice prompt will ask for tbe phone number you wish to call or connect yuu lo 3 
customer service represeacnjve. 

To receive yourfrce walfctcard of ABEHs Access Numbers, juStdal the access number of 
the country yoofn in and ask for Qistorner Service. 

COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 


AnatraBa 
China. PKC*4* 
Caun 

Hong Kong 

India* 

Indonesia* 

Japan* 

Korea 

Kortsai 

M alaysia* 

New Zealand 
PhUjppjnB* 

Saipan* 

Singapore 
Sri Lanka 

Taiwan* 

TluOand-* 


ASIA Pair 

1-800-881-Qn liechtenstein* 

10811 ‘ UthmatA+ 

015-87? JjLxenihoiirg 


172-1011 Brazil 
155-00-11 Chile 
8*196 Columbia 

5SOO-OU1 Cc«a RfcaV 


8051111 Macedon ia. F.YJL of 958054288 Ecuador* 
005117 Maha* 0800-ES95110 E3 Salvador* 


EUROPE 


-^faa 


CaU/rtgOml 


lagir.e a world tx’here you c.in cvJI countr.* to ccuntry as easily os you can from home. And 


83 b -005 sm * ;in S u a S e - sij1ce if s tra nslated infant l v. Call vour clients a: 3 a an. knowing thev’ll get the message in 

vour voice at a more polite hour. Ali this is now poviible with .-QalT 1 
y Kty'Wt& fbli t 0 use these services, dial the Access \ u ir.her of the countn- you’re in and you’ll get ail the 

help you need. Yvith these Access Wmihers and your Mil Calling Card inrernarional caliing has never been easier. 

If you don't have an .-VR£T Calling Card or you'd like m*.rv information on .-VTsil global sen-ices, just call us using the 
convenient Access N unifiers i >n vour right. 


mr 


Armenia** 

Austria!—” 

B rig h u n* 

Bdgaria 

Croatia** 

Czech Rep 

Deaflurit* 

Finland* 

France 

Germany 

Gre ece* 

Hnng gy* 

lL~djnJ*a 

lr Hand 


005117 Maha* 08 

001-801-10 Monaco* 

tO?Q-in Ndfacriands* 06 

009-11 Norway 8 

11* PoLmd**~ OaOIO 

8050011 Porn^aT 05 

COO-911 Romania 01 

105-11 Bmsja**(Moscow) 

235-2872 Slovakia 05 

80501 11-ill Spelnm 90 

■OCM30 Sweden* 02 

0085102850 Swtoeriand* 

0019-991-1 lit UJC 050 

i Ukraine* 

8*14111 MEDDLE EAST 


000-8010 

004-0312 

98511-0010 

114 

119 

190 

190 

; 165 

12? 

95-800-462-C?40 
0 174 


8*14111 MIDDLE EAST British \ 

022-903-011 Bahrain 8050 01 Caymar 

080510510 Cypnis* 08590 010 f.r ^rV 

0518050010 Israel 177-1052727 Haiti* 

99-38-0011 Kuwait 800-288 j t.Tmi.-a 

05420-00101 Lebanon 426^801 ^ 

8001-0010 Qaor 0305011-77 SLKias, 

9S05105I0 SaLKbAraha 1-8051Q 

_ raz ^T 0580532277 Egypt* (Cairo^ 

01350010 UAE* BOO- 121 fow 

00-8051311 AMERICAS 

MgMMU AxgfflUfna* 001-8052051111 Kenya* 

999001 Betee* 


1 9a-OOU Guatemala* iqn 

06-022-9 111 'Guyana*** : ” ’ 

80539511 Honduras*a 12? 

0*01548501 13 MencoAAa 95-805462 -i2 4<:i 

05017-1-288 Mcaiagna(i> faiMp » pj 174 

01-800-4288 Panamas 5o5 

155-5042 Pau* ~ — ^7 

0542Q-Q0101 S nrinain e 

9Q595QV11 Uruguay • 0 00410 

025795*611 Venezuela-* 8501 

155-0511 CARIBBEAN 

Bahamas - 1-805872-2881 

^ a00 ’ 11 Bennoda 4 l-B05g? 2-2gBi 

Brttishv - 1 - 1-805872-2881 

805001 Cayman Islands l-830-6r72-2NHi 

QSO ~9Qoi° Gieaada- l-SOfr &i^ggi 

177-1052727 Haiti* 001-8059?2-2ft« 

t — Jjunaica- o^oo^ .Ma, 

— ^ 8 ° 1 ^fc-Aata 00 1-805872^? 

O&XKttjzn. Sl ratty Nevis — l-»xurr».-K>o7 

1-80510 ATOEF3-" — 


00-8051311 

00a-800-01111 Argenflna* 
995001 Bete-e# 
1-805550-000 BotiMa* 


HGQ-U12 Sooth Afoot 


■m oUnuCisArrn jn mtiic in nccwW.0IB*BdaCoBBB«*Scf»k» ->L»> be latoblc firm rvor v ita*. 

(wiki. cuuan*i'^>^ycaBnRte*8w uwrew*iT5«ta*«Bei hdufingduie ■ ” 

m t»4! -—ftibfc; phnie, tWjulfe Vv^l rtii r^v,. 

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:me/rfitfr..Tinc-.g(j =cJ>f>s . „ . ♦^N^wi/naiibfcftaBifiacn 

ACTL'WDkcCt*.iavirri(jnlhbicfo*naatlicc4>«aitie>H*edam« AManeaadddltme: 

.d^laDgingrl»^»rtVo«* , fo*eHbe-f*unet«Bpt!aiMijii»'»ir Mnbn- 4AnDaiiM£<ihnBa4, iuAiIkii 


l-805g?2-2881 

1-805872-2881 

is l-830-g72-28Bl 

lS00-fF2-288l 

001-805972,3^ 

580O^72.2«S1 

001-805872-2881 

1-805872-2881 

AFRICA 

2- *5150200 

OOa-OOl 

,00111 

- OMB-lil 

797*797 

0-80599-0123 


^^rtnroicgnJ^^infrplHacariiiiWlK ■ Fa .gr j* 7***' P* *-<iei iratkn 

— Tph0cptiaot3(si0*»cikT r ^u* c ™« ^f4ow^Mfo« lUMt* [UI1I(M8M>)1I ■ rjUmn arj»aMr lo mert 'iOi iffltr 

turn nuta humw fcmth 


AMMUdHdUuK 


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