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Paris, Friday, June 24, 1994 

No. 34,623 

Russia Hides 
Its Work on 
Poison Gas , 
U.S. Asserts 

By Michael R. Gordon 

. . Nev York Tunes Service 

WASHINGTON — Russia is conceal- 
ing efforts to develop advanced chemical 
weapons, despite its pledge to disclose de- 
tails of its poison gas program to the Unit- 
ed States, according to Clinton administra- 
tion officials. 

That assessment illustrates the problems 
that Washington has in dealing with the 
- new Russia, as Moscow has pledged to 
cooperate with the West, but has been 
dragging Us feet on putting some impor- 
tant arms control accords into effect. 

- It also has important ramifications for 
the Senate, which is considering whether to 
approve a global treaty b anning poison 
gas. Suspicions about Russia’s poison gas 
program and Moscow’s difficulties in de- 
vising an effective plan to destroy the 
Stocks —at 40,000 tons, the largest arsenal 
in the world — have become ah important 
issue in the Senate debate. - 

Adminis tration officials said Washing- 
ton’s concerns arose in recent weeks when 
Russian and U.S. officials carried out a 
long-planned exchange of data on their 
past efforts to develop, produce and stock- 
pile chemical weapons. ... 

A dminis tration officials looked forward 
to receiving the information — the most 
comprehensive accounting of the Russian 
chemical' weapons program — with more 
than usual interest: U.S. intelligence has 
long concluded that the Russians have 
wonted to develop binary chemical weap- 
ons, but Moscow has never acknowledged 
the effort. Binary weapons are an ad- 
vanced munition in which two different 
types ofchemical agents are mixed togeth- 
er to produce a deadly type of poison .gas. 

“We have long believed the. Russians 
have been pursuing a binary weapons ca- 
pability.* a senior administration official 
said, referring to Russian efforts to devel- 
op and test the weapons. - 
' [In Moscow, Reuters quoted a Russian 
Foreign Ministry spokesman as saying at a 
news briefing; "We have on numerous 
occasions clarified for the, mass media and 
onr partners that we have no such program 
.with chemical weapons-”] •. 

' The U-S. concerns .over Russia’s efiehrir • 
cal progE&mw®*^ when 

Vil wfirzayan6y, a Russian chemist, was 
charged; by Russian authorities with re- 
vealing state secrets after he 'asserted thin 
Moscow had not only developed binary 

See POISON, Page 4 

French Troops Cross 
Border Into Rwanda 

• Jf'i.'wi'. 1 t ’uiu . —llL- 

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French troops with equipment ready to board a transport plane Thursday in the south of France, on the way to Rwanda. 

China Lauds North Korea, Others Unsure 

By Lena Sun 

Washington Past Service 

BEIJING — China on Thursday hailed 
as a “turning point*’ the decision of the 
United States and North Korea to resume 
talks on the stalemated question of Pyong- 
yang’s nuclear program. 

Japan and South Korea welcomed the 
development with muted skepticism, while 
Russia was openly doubtful that the nego- 
tiations would succeed. 

“Unfortunately, past experience of bi- 
lateraT contacts with North Korea hardly 
inspires much hope,” said Alexander 
Panov, a deputy Russian foreign minister. 
“Their talks with theJLFnjied Stales were 
disrupted three Tithes this, year, ; and each 
.time, tensions increased.” r • 

A Chinese spokesman said Thursday 
that the U-S.-North Korean agreement, 
announced by President Bill- Clinton on 
Wednesday mght, vindicated China's posi- 
tion that negotiations — not sanctions — 

. were the “most fundamental way” for a 

“peaceful and proper” settlement of the 

“We are happy to see these positive 
developments on the Korean nuclear issue, 
and appreciate the wise attitude and posi- 
tive efforts by various parties concerned 
for the peaceful settlement of this issue,” 
said Wi Jianmin, spokesman for the For- 
eign Ministry. 

“We are very pleased to see that now 
there has been a turning point on this 
question." Mr. Wu said. He called for all 
parties to “value this opportunity" in up- 
coming discussions. 

. As outlined by President Clinton, the 
deal involves a North Korean commitment 
to freeze its nuclear program while talks 
with -the United States on wider problems 

As a counterpart, the Americans have 
amped to suspend their push in the United 
Nations for sanctions against North Korea 
for thwarting inspection of its nuclear 

sites, suspected of involvement in an arms 

China has been the only one of the five 
permanent members of the United Na- 
tions Security Council consistently to op- 
pose sanctions against Pyongyang, its ally. 

In Beijing's view, sanctions could trigger 
the collapse of the beleaguered North Ko- 
rean leadership, creating turmoil along 
China’s borders. 

As a result, Beijing deserves some of the 
credit for helping to resolve the impasse, 
the Chinese spokesman declared. 

“Ever since this nuclear question 
cropped up, China has resolutely insisted 
that this question be resolved through dia- 
logue insteid of through exerting pres- 
sure," he said. “I believe this is an impor- 
tant act that China has done.” 

In his remarks, the Chinese spokesman 
made no mention of North Korea's prom- 
ise to freeze its nuclearprogram. He de- 
clined to say whether China believed the 

See KOREA, Page 4 

Relief Mission 
Risks Clashes 
With Rebels 

By Keith B. Rxchburg 

Washington Post Service 

NAIROBI — Small advance teams of 
French combat troops crossed into Rwan- 
da on Thursday from neighboring Zaire, 
spearheading France’s latest and perhaps 
most dangerous African expedition, which 
could see French soldiers drawn into one 
of the most savage of the continent’s civil 

The stated aim of the mission, called 
Operation Turquoise, is to provide hu- 
manitarian relief and protect members of 
Rwanda's minority Tutsi tribe, who have 
ban targeted for genocide by Hutu ex- 
tremists loyal to Rwanda’s slain president, 
Juvtnal Habyarimana, 

About 8,000 Tutsi s are now sheltered at 
a displaced -persons camp at Cyangugu 
town on Rwanda's western border with 
Zaire, and the French advance teams were 
said to be making an assessment of their 
needs laying the groundwork for the 
main intervention force in the next two 

[Reconnaissance units crossed the bor- 
der from Goma in Zaire to Rwanda’s Gi- 
senyi region at around 1330 GMT, sources 
told Agence France-Presse in Paris. A sec- 
ond group crossed the border about 100 
kilometers (about 6) miles) farther south at 
Bukavu in Zaire and were heading toward 
Cyangugu. The second group totaled up to 
200 men in armored vehicles, backed by 
helicopters, military sources said. 

[A senior French military official in Par- 
is said the detachment “received a com- 
pletely favorable welcome from local in- 
habitants,” Reuters reported.] 

Cyangugu has been designated as one of 
the key sites inside the country where Tut- 
sls are still believed to be at risk from 
Rwandan government troops and their 
Hutu mihua allies, who are deemed re- 
sponsible for massacres that have left an 
estimated half-millipfl people dead, most 
of them Tulsis. 

When the operation reaches its full 
stage, about 600 French troops. Including 
members of the Foreign Legion. Marines 
and infantry artillery units, are expected to 
cross from Bukavu into Cyangugu. backed 
See RWANDA, Page 4 

CIA Proposal 
To Cut Back 
In Africa Is 
Drawing Fire 

By Walter Pincus 

Washington Post Service 

dose IS stations in Africa because of 
budget reductions is causing concern 
and drawing some criticism inside the 
government, in Congress and from 
retired members of the intelligence 

The proposed cutback would have 
little effect on the Central Intelligence 
Agency’s gathering of information in 
Africa, because the agency built up its 
presence on the continent during the 
Cold War primarily to recruit people 
to spy against Communist states, a 
senior OLA official said. 

In Congress, however, the plan has 
added to apprehension that the CIA 
director, R. James Woolsey, favors 
technical operations, such as satellites, 
over human intelligence collection. 

Over the past month, CIA officials 
have been briefing other government 
agencies and the congressional intelli- 
gence committees on the decision to 
withdraw IS CIA station chiefs and 
dozens of case officers, who usually 
act under cover as U.S. Embasty offi- 

“We have to rationalize our activi- 
ties along with everyone else,” the 
senior CIA official said, in defending 
the proposal 

“We have never been in Africa to 
report on Africa,” the official noted. 
“We went into Africa as part of the 
covert activity of the Cold War, to 
recruit Soviet, Chinese, Eastern Euro- 
pean and sometimes North Korean 
officials under circumstances that 
were easin' to operate under than in 
their home countries.” He was refer- 
ring to officials recruited as spies. 

One result of the proposed CIA 
action would be to reduce the U.S. 

See CIA, Page 4 


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- '■Sri 


Italy 1, Norway O - 

Italy’s World Cup nearly turned into a 
nightmare on Thursday when goal- 
keeper Gianluca PagKucawas sent off 
midway through the first half for han- 
dling' the ball outrade his area.' But' 
Dmo Baggio put Italy in front with a 
diving header in the 68th minute and 
Norway could not score. ; 

U.S. 2, Colombia 1 

If soccer-docs catch on in the United 
States, it began doing so in Pasadena, 
California, where an own- goal by Co- 
lombia and. a shot by forward Ernie 
Stewart gave the United States its first, 
victory in the finals since that 1-0 stim- 
ner against England on June 29, 1950. ' 

The Colombians, a pre tournament fa- 
vorite, fell to 0-2 and were further 
battered by death threats from home 
that kept midfielder Gabriel Gomez 

out of the match. 

A Cameroon Boycott? 

The long-standing dispute between 
Cameroon’s players and the national 
federation has come to a bead, with the 
’team threatening to boycott Friday’s 
match against Brazil. The players re- 
portedly have not been paid for two 

Friday's msIcheK Mexico vs. Ireland, at Orlan- 
do, fiorida, 1635 GMT; Brazil vs. Cameroon, at 
Sanford. California, 2005 GMT; Sweden vs. 
Russia, at Pontiac. Michigan. 233S GMT. 

- World Cup report Pages 22 and 23 

New Track for Toyota Chief 

Deregulation k lobbying Goal in Japan 

v By Steven BriiB . - 

Jiuentaticoial Hcralit Tribtnc . 

TOKYO — : In the drivers seat at Ja-. 
pan’s . ^Bggesi car : company, Shoichiro 
Toyoda ergoyed control bordering on the 
autfre rafe- , Rut J since becoming chairman 
last r a ,%&a'’ of Keidanren, Japan's most 
powesfidbusmess lobby, the defacto_Iead- 
er of Jan$iesB industry is still struggling to 
get afeel jbr.thfirt»d. ‘ 

In’ A' ^itw vigw Thursday, his ‘eyes 
veeard riifty reluctantly from a tattered 
briefihgboci^ froim which he plucked. plat- 
itudes. ab^fll'the importance of deregula- 




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tiem, corporate responsibility and the need 
to improve the lot of Japanese consumers. 

But Mr. Toyoda, who is also chairman 
of -Toyota Motor Corp., acknowledged 
that running Kridanren, which groups 
more than 1,000 of Japan’s biggest compa- 
nies, win provide a new test of his skills. 

. “I won’t be able to apply too much of 
my cxperienccfrom Toyota,” said the soft- 
spoken but confident 69-year-old. “I’ve 
- got a lot of homework to do.” 

- Indeed, the road ahead for Mr. Toyoda 
will be all the more challenging because he 
must steer an organization that faces an 
identity crisis and declining influence, 
r : The biggest blow to the organization 
came last year, when Mr. Toyoda’s prede- 
cessor, Gaishi Hiraiwa, chairman of Tokyo 
Electric Power Co., decided it would stop 
paying biUions of yen in. political dona- 
tions, mostly to members of tike scandal- 
plagued liberal Democratic Party. That, 
combined with the end of liberal Demo- 
cratic governance after 38 years, dealt a 
~ blow to Keidanren’s power and dented the 
sb-caHed Iron Triangle of big business, 
potitidans and bureaucrats. 

Mr. Toyoda conceded that political do- 
nations had been asource of influence, but 
said the power was minimal relative to 
Keidanren’s overall activities. In any 
event, he said, any losses would be offset 
tty contributions by individual companies 
and industry associations as well as new 
activities that gained the support of mem- 
bers and consumers.- Still, gives the insta- 
biljty of Japmiese politics, analysts say it is 
: g^ttmghjuriex; tcrloiow to whom donations 

See LOBBY, Page 4 

Hi gh and the Mighty, Across the U.S. 

e ” 'I 

7*s*r i M- ■ 

Purxi HrrtK*/ Ajcnoc France- P«kk 

Atexl Lalas in a celebratory leap after the American soccer team defeated 
Colombia, 2-1, in a first-round World Cup match in Los Angeles. Page 22. 

Hakeem Olajuwon led the Houston Rockets to a 90-84 victory over the 
New York Knicks for the National Basketball Association tide. Page 20. 

Daiij PtuDip The Awxuul he. 

Kiosk Is South Africa’s Mr, Nice Guy Too Nice? 

Upsets Claim 
Edberg, Courier 

Two-time champion Stefan Edberg 
and last year’s runner-up. Jim Couri- 
er, became the latest upset victims 
Thursday at the Wimbledon tennis 

Edberg lost in five sets to 1 13 th- 
ranked Kenneth Car lsen of Denmark. 
Courier, winner of four Grand Slams, 
was defeated by France’s Guy Forget, 
who has been sidelined most of the 
past year after knee surgery. (Page 21 ) 




Page 9. 
Page 9. 

By Bill Keller 

New Kiwi Times Service 

JOHANNESBURG — Some imagined 
that President Nelson Mandela would be, 
Africa’s Franklin D. Roosevelt, and a few 
predicted Fidel Castro. But whoever imag- 
ined that the first black president of South 
Africa would be Mister Rogers, the gentle 
uncle of American television? 

And yet. the tone that Mr. Mandela has 
set in his first weeks as president is, in a 
word, nice. He is easygoing and unexdt- 
able, comforting, never scolding, with 
friendly words for everyone, from disgrun- 
tled tribal elders to white racists. 

He has blazed no dramatic policy trails, 
rocked no boats, demanded little from the 
affluent white minority and only patience 
from die black majority. 

Already, just six weeks into Mr. Mande- 
la’s term, there are the first mutierings 
from admirers that the leader is too nice. 

too attentive to vested interests, that he has 
squandered an opportunity for a quick 
break with the past, and even that he has 
forgotten the wretched majority who elect- 
ed him. 

“If the government has lost touch with 
the ordinary people after only a few weeks 
in office, heaven help us five years down 
the line,” wrote Jon Qwelane, a black edi- 
tor and columnist known for his indepen- 
dent views. 

No one in South Africa yearns for the 
hair-trigger anxiety that preceded Mr. 
Mandela’s election, and his popularity in 
black townships remains euphorically 
hi gh- Supporters argue that his emphasis 
on reconciliation is amassing goodwill and 
political IOUs that will serve him well 
when the time comes to call for national 

But, Mr. Qwelane said, “reconciliation 
does not mean total capitulation,” 

Mr. Qwelane was one of several black 
commentators provoked by Mr. Mandela's 
decision not to declare a national holiday 
on June 16, the anniversary of the Soweto 
student uprising in 1976, which, especially 
in the minds of young blacks, is the coun- 
try’s zeal independence day. 

Business leaders said the economy had 
suffered enough from quasi-official holi- 
days and workless celebrations of the new 
order, and Mr. Mandela agreed. But the 
decision prompted headlines like “How 
Quickly They Betray the People” and “A 
Government in Name Only.” 

Worse, to some critics, Thabo Mbeki. 
Mr. Mandela’s first vice president, chose 
that day to meet with white separatists and 
discuss their demands for an Afrikaner 

Other incidents that have prompted 
See NICE, Page 4 

• 4 . 

Dream House 9 on the Volga 

A Rich Gypsy’s Residence Angers Neighbors 



By Lee Hockstader 

Washington Past Service 

streets are not paved, the weeds are not 
trimmed and the neighbors are definitely not 
friendly. No matter. This is where Nikolai 
Panchenko has built his dream house. 

Make that “dream castle.” What else can 
you call Mr. Panchenko’s colossal, turreted. 
walled-off brick mansion with its cavernous 
bedrooms, a sauna and swimming pool in the 
basement and stained glass windows up- 

The marble entrance hail is big enough to 
accommodate a few hundred close fnends 
under a massive crystal chandelier. 

“Under the totalitarian regime, this was all 
banned,” said Mr. Panchenko, a 36-year-old 
merchant, stating the obvious. ‘The loud area 
we could build a house on was SO square 
vards. And now. imagine! We can build a 
louse as big as we want! And the spirit cries 
out for space!” 

This is the face of new money in provincial 
Russia, where for the few Russians who are 
getting rich, consumption is conspicuous. 

Here in a drab suburb in the middle of 
nowhere, more than 20 mansions of similar 
proportions and architectural grandeur are 
rising on land previously occupied by piles of 
garbage and thickets of bushes. The price? A 
cool 5350,000. 

But attitudes in the Russian heartland are 
changing more slowly than the landscape. Mr. 
Panchenko's neighbors, who have watched in 
silence as the mansions were built over the 
last few years, are convinced he must be some 
son of crook. How else could he afford such 
opulence when eveiyone else lives so poorly, 
with the economy in a mess? 

“I don't like it and I don't think anyone else 
here does,” said Marina Samykina. 28. a 
housewife whose pitiful little wooden house is 
just down the streeL from a brick mansion 
much like Mr. Panchenko’s that is still under 

Mrs. Samykina sat unsmiling on a step in 
front of her house minding her children as 
they played in the dirt. 

“These people are condescending," she 
said, pointing up the street with her chin. 
“They’re snobby. Even their children look 
down their noses at our children. They think 
we should serve ihera in their big houses." 

“If they have so much money, they should 
pay to have this street paved,” she added. 

There is a cliche about the Russian prov- 
inces that anyone who makes good or gets 
rich becomes the object of his neighbors’ 
suspicion and resentment. What matters is 
not keeping up with the Joneses, but making 
sure the Joneses don’t do any better than 
everyone else. 

The attitude is summed up in a joke about 
provincial life: “My neighbor’s goat died. 

Such a small thing. Still I'm happy about lL 

The director of a new mo vk i called My 
Chicken Ryaba,” Andron Konchalovsky, de- 
picts a village in modem Russia that nses up 
to ruin one of its own - a man who has 
become rich operating a sawmill. 

The man lives in a big house with a modern 
kitchen and has enough vodka to send the 
whole town on a bender. The villagers resent 
him and his wealth and they spend most of 
their time and energy scheming to put him out 

of business. , , 

Like any cliche, this one has ns problems. 
Many Russians these days are scrambling to 
make better lives and find new incomes as old 
factories fall on hard times. Attitudes among 
the voting, in particular, are changing fast. 
Many students say they want a career in 

But the old views live on m small towns like 
Zubchaninovki, 800 kilometem (500 miles] 
southeast of Moscow —a suburb of the Volga 
River city of Samara, which in Communist 
limes was named Kuibyshev in honor of a 
Stalinist stalwart 

Steeped in Soviet propaganda for decades, 
many people here still regard selling goods at 
a profit as somehow dishonest, even if no 
longer illegal. They have a word for money- 
making commerce: spekulyaisia, and ihe 
word is usually pronounced with a tone of 
indignation, as if no right- th i nk ing person 
would stoop to such shiftless behavior.. 

“Of course it’s dishonest,” said a laxi driv- 
er, expressing the common view. “These peo- 
ple have never worked in production. They’ve 
never worked in factories.” 

Such thinking is aggravated by the Fact that 
most of the new mansions here are being built 
by Gypsies, including Mr. Panchenko, who 
were engaged in buying and selling when such 
commerce was still illegaL 

With reforms in the last five years, their 
businesses have taken off, and they are mak- 
ing small fortunes trading in consumer goods, 
furs and other products. 

Mr. Panchenko’s father, also named Niko- 
lai, spent nine years in prison for speculation 
— selling sheepskin hats and nylon raincoats. 

Now, at the age of 77. he pads around his 
son’s house with the help of a cane and 
watches with satisfaction as the younger Ni- 
kolai expands his business, opening a food 
store, dealing in car parts and importing con- 
sumer goods from Europe — all of it legal. 

“All my life has been business." the elder 
Panchenko said. “We’ve always respected 
capitalists and capitalism. Gypsies are free- 
dom-loving in this respect. 

“But the Russians are slow to accept this.’ 
he said. “For 70 vears they’ve been brain- 
washed. Everything was banned, the same 
concepts were drummed into their heads. It is 
only with the new generation that these old 
ideas will change." 

KashmmSeparati^^Fre«^ ra ^.^ ^ 

SRINAGAR, India f l7 days. fd S? s ^ r S?«tsai* 

air, who had ^^.^Sowtoagroupofjonmalt- 
hanned Thursday, banding them over * Jby ihe 

border hideout. mvid Mackie. 36 , *' erc *rf u^ine, n« jr 

hS 1 S JS ** or ***& 

Pahalgam, 50 kilometers (a0 nul«0 sow* 1 

nag district, said ^ Brians were m ^ journal^ ™ 


two over to Indian officials. __ __ 

Fighting Leaves 25 Dead in Yemen ^ 

ImyL. -SSUdSSfcd 2 siSfk A Thnrs- 

Sy^d‘^dS^. a h^pMcffia^ s « i A oijiided B „*kn5 

center, including- the fish market, ofn 

^Tierce fighting on the DOTH whin 

■ «’ nlwst of AtkD - 

dose to the city’s power station... . . 

Bosnian IVoopsPress Muslim Rebels 

SARAJEVO, Uth^moffnS^ 

eminent, troops pressed dKadjm' rejected predic- 
against rebel Muslims in the north but rebdsrqg > 

tions by foreign military obs ^^^^i t H ^L De an Union moni- 
- United Nations sources sad UN .and Burof*^ ra tist 

tors of a government offensive thathas broken m 
Bihac. enclave ruled by a local tycoon Ftkret AbdlC ’ 
vinced “his daysare numbered.” 

Sfc-f on tlov'Aptare fniM'fti.'-f 

Hamburg fire fighters hosing down a boose for asylum seekershitbj fire daring the night 

Court Frees German in Arson 

Judge Hints Villagers Paid for Fire at Foreigners’ Hostel 

Leaks Outrace Moscow Police 

Raiders in Gangster Crackdown Find Sites Abandoned 

By Margaret Shapiro 

Washington Post Service 

MOSCOW — The Moscow 
police promised a “hurricane" 
this week to cleanse the city of 
brazen gangsters and criminals 
who have made the capital their 
playground, but it appeared 
Thursday that the anti-crime 



In Paris 



8. rue de Sevres, 

Paris 6th 

Roxal Plaza 


Duke's Jazz bar. 
Monthly Events. 

The only grand 
hotel right on the shore 
of Lake Geneva. 

TEL. 41-21/963 5131 
FAX 41-21/963 5637 

“storm" had given organized 
crime groups a good laugh. 

About 20,000 Moscow police 
and Interior Ministry special 
troops, wearing flak jackets and 
gripping Kalashnikov automat- 
ic rifles, descended early 
Wednesday on dozens hot spots 
in the city, including casinos 
and hotels where members of 
the so-called Russian mafia like 
to spend their free hours. 

But leaked information got 
there First, and when the police 
arrived, many places had beep 
shuttered, including one notori- 
ous spot that had posted a sign 
“Closed for sanitary cleaning." 

In the places that were open, 
the police ended up hau l ing in 
people for minor crimes like 
failing to register their stay in 
the city or possessing false doc- 

“Desert Storm was much 
more effective than Moscow 
Hurricane,” the daily Moskovs- 
kaya Pravda commented in an 
article that could barely conceal 
disdain. “It seems that the in- 
formation about the operation 
had been given not only to po- 
lice special forces but orga- 
nized crime rings as well." 

The whole operation seemed 
to confirm what many Russians 
now take as an article of faith — 
criminal groups have become so 
strong and brazen that they 
have stretched their tentacles 
deep into the police and the 
government as well. 

President Boris N. Yeltsin, in 

"the original" 

Just tell the ta>a driver. 

"Sunk roo dee hw" 3 
5. rue Daunou Paris /Opera) 

_ TeL: (1) ~= 

a speech two weeks ago, 
pledged a crackdown on crime, 
which recent polls show is now 
the major concern for most 
Russians who find themselves 
dodging assassinations, car 
bombs and other violence. 

To make good on his word, 
Mr. Yeltsin recently issued a 
series of crime-fighting^ decrees 
to “combat banditry," which 
give the police broad powers to 
arrest and hold suspects. 

The decrees, based on police 
recommendations, include 
many provisions, such as enter- 
ing premises without warrants 
and holding suspects for 30 
days without charges, that vio- 
late rights outlined in the new 
Russian Constitution. 

Parliament and human rights 
groups have demanded that Mr. 
Yeltsin suspend the decrees. In 
response, he accused Parlia- 
ment of dragging its feet on 
legislation to fight crime, and 
said he would not back down. 

President Yeltsin has in- 
structed the Interior Ministry 
and Federal Counter-Intelli- 
gence Service, formerly part of 
the KGB security police, to pre- 
pare a nationwide crackdown 
plan by the end of the week. 

Officials indicated that spe- 
cial crime-fighting restrictions 
might be imposed in several 
Russian cities where crime now 
seems out of control, possibly 
including Moscow, St. Peters- 
burg, Vladivostok and Yekater- 

The director of the Federal 
Counterintelligence Service. 
Sergei Stepashin, said Thursday 
that he was in favor of violaiing 
human rights “if the person is a 
bandit or criminal.” 

The police were predicting 
greater success for similar oper- 
ations in the future. But they 
acknowledged that leaks might 
occur again. 

By Stephen Kinzer 

Sen York Tinxs Service 

POTSDAM, Germany — A 
German judge has found a 19- 
year-old man not guilty of set- 
ting a fire that destroyed a hos- 
tel where asylum-seekers were 
to be housed, and he suggested 
that residents may not have 
been telling the truth when they 
denied having paid money to 
have the fire set. 

In a case that attracted wide 
attention, arsonists destroyed 
the hostel in Dolgenbrodt in 
November 1992, one day before 
86 Africans were to move in. 

The defendant, Silvio Jack- 
owski, was picked up after he 
was overheard boasting that 
residents of Dolgenbrodt, a vil- 
lage 40 kilometers (25 mflesj 
from Berlin, had hired him and 
a group of skinheads to set. the 

During his 10 months in pre- 
trial custody, Mr. Jackowski re- 
fused to repeat his assertions. 
But at the trial he unexpectedly 
named three Dolgenbrodt resi- 
dents who he said were involved 

in collecting $1,250 to pay the 
arsonists. He denied receiving 
any of the money. 

All three were called to tes- 
tify, and denied involvement. 
One said the assertion was “a 
colossal defamation-’’ But all 
said they were happy the house 
had been burned. 

At the trial, Mr. Jackowski 
denied having set the fire but 
said he knew that three skin- 
heads. whom he refused to 
name, bad taken part after be- 
ing paid by villagers. Prosecu- 
tors charged that Mr. Jackowski 
was the driver of the car used by 
the arsonists. 

“The question of whether 
jackowski drove the assailants 
to the scene of the crime cannot 
be definitively answered," 
Judge Klaus Pizybilla said in 
announcing his verdict 
Wednesday. “The court has 
reasonable doubts, and is there- 
fore obligated to declare the ac- 
cused not guilty.” 

“There was a high degree of 
acceptance in the village," the 
judge added. “The court has 
run into a wall of silence. The 

evidence was contradictory.” 

Mr. Jackowski was sentenced 
to a four-week prison terra for 
driving without a license and 
carrying a weapon but was re- 
leased because he had already 
served more than that amount 
of time waiting trial. 

He was denied driving privi- 
leges for 18 months ana the 
juvenile justice agency in his 
hometown was ordered to mon- 
itor him for a year. 

■ Hamb urg Home Burned 

A home for foreign asylum 
seekers was set on fire during 
the night in the northern port 
city of Hamburg, the German 
police said Thursday, according 
to Reuters. 

The six occupants of the 
building escaped unhurt after 
fires broke -out simultaneously 
in four separate places; the po- 
lice said. 

The home had housed up to 
185 people, but most had 
moved out because of renova- 
tions. The police said they had 
found no indication that neo- 
Nazis were involved. 

U.S. to Pursue Allegations of Fraud 
By Tobacco Firms in Nicotine Dispute 

The Associated Press 

tice Department is reviewing al- 
legations that tobacco company 
executives may have lied to reg- 
ulators and Congress about.the 
safety, addicliveness and nico- 
tine levels of tobacco. Attorney 
General Janet Reno said Thurs- 

"We’re looking at all the alle- 
gations. all the comments, all 
the information that we have 
received to determine what 
would be the appropriate action 
by the Justice Department m 
terms of a variety of issues," 
Ms. Reno said- 

Her comments came just be- 
fore a senior executive of Brown 
fit Williamson Tobacco Corp. 
accused the Food and Drug Ad- 
ministration of a set-up to make 
it look as though the company 
had lied to the government 
about developing a high-nico- 
tine tobacco. 

On Tuesday, the Food and 
Drug Administration commis- 
sioner, David A. Kessler, said 
Brown & Williamson secretly 
developed tobacco with double 
the usual nicotine, pumped it 
into cigarettes and then misled 
federal investigators about it. 

Dr. Kessler said the company 
had denied breeding any such 
tobacco until June 17. when 
Brown & Williamson learned 

the Food and Drug Administra- 
tion had uncovered its geneti- 
cally altered tobacco plant 

On Thursday, Thomas San- 
defur, the Brown & Williamson 
chairman, told a congressional 
panel that he never hid the to- 
bacco plant called Y-l and that 
Dr. Kessler never asked his 
company about it 

“It now appears, at least to 
me, that FDA had known about 
Y-l early on with the intent of 
engaging in a course of conduct 
that in effect set B&W up,” he 
told the House Energy and 
Commerce health subcommit- 

Brown & WDliamson discov- 
ered through a third party that 
the Food and Drug Administra- 
tion was investigating Y-l, he 

He also accused Dr. Kessler 
of dramatizing the investiga- 

8 Die in Helicopter Crash 


MOSCOW — Eight people 
died and three were injured 
when a helicopter crashed in 
Tatarstan, east of Moscow, the 
Ministry for Emergency Situa- 
tions said Thursday. The heli- 
copter was reported to be 
checking a gas pipeline. 

Lawmakers have accused 
seven tobacco chiefs of lying 
under oath about the addictive- 
ness of cigarettes and whether 
they manipulate nicotine levels. 

The Justice Department’s 
criminal, civil and antitrust di- 
visions are among the offices 
looking into the matter, Ms. 
Reno said. The department had 
not yet determined whether it 
should conduct a full-scale in- 
vestigation, she added. 

An RJ. Reynolds Tobacco 
Co. spokeswoman, Peggy Car- 
ter, said the company would co- 
operate with the Justice Depart- 
ment but contended there was 
no basis for prosecution. 

On May 27, seven members 
of Congress asked the Justice 
Department to conduct a crimi- 
nal investigation into the tobac- 
co industry’s activities for the 
last 40 years. 

In a letter to Ms. Reno, the 
lawmakers said cigarette com- 
panies may have committed 
fraud and peijury beginning in 
the 1950s by allegedly hiding 
evidence that cigarettes were 

They also alleged that the 
chiefs of the seven largest U S. 
tobacco companies may have 
perjured themselves when they 
testified before Congress in 
April that they had no evidence 
nicotine was addictive. 

processing 'Uuguaiy, — y 

Presidential Vote Opens in Belarus 

MINSK, Belarus (Reuters) — Voters tijnedort jo 
here Thursday for the first presidential deciwns-m this tonne. 

. Soviet republic since independence. The co “ s ®^^ , P . f r 
fcter, VySeslavS. Kebich, pledged torn* alwad i wuh ^lmistor 
doscr ties to Russia if he won. Four of the six candidate, 
more cooperative relationship with Russia. , 

Mr.K& astroog advocate ofanton^umonanddefCTsc 
pact with Russia, was ahead of five rivals m opinion polls. But 
was likely to be forced into a run-off against an anti-corrupuo . 

campaigner, Alexander Lukashenko. . - 

Speaking outside a polling station, Mr. Kebtch satd Presidmt 
Bom N.YeUsin of Russia had agreed to soften the «cnns ofthe 
monetary union, during more than four hours of talks in Mosco 
on the eve of polling. 

Singapore Flogs a Hpng;Kong Youth 

SINGAPORE ( AP) — A Hong Kong youth charged in the 
same vandalism spree as Michael P. Fay received six lashes on 
Thursday, the government shid. _ , ... 

The youth, Shin Chi Ho, 17, was among 10 inmates flowed with 
a rattan cane at Quirenstown Prison, a brief statement from me 
Prisons Department said. ‘Tie Was examined by a prison doctor 
after the raping and found tobe in "Satisfactory condition, it 

^Meanwhile, the Home Affairs Ministry said Mr/ Fay’s asser- 
tions that investigators had. obtained; his confession through 
torture could not be taken seriously . unless he filed a formal 
complaint and sued the officers for assault and battery. Fays 
allegations of police: torture and protestations of innocence will 
generate publicity for his story and dan help sdl the story at a 
higher price," the ministry said. It reiterated .its position that the 
auctions of the American teenier were groundless. 

Jakarta Ban on Magazines Protested 

JAKARTA (Reuters) — Protesters against a ban on three 
outspoken Indonesian magazines on. Thursday gave the govern- 
ment a three-day ultimatum to lift. the ctampdown or face the 
possibility erf nationwide demonstrations. . . 

Adnan Buyung Nasution, head of the Legal Aid Foundation 
said the. ultimatum was conveyed at a meeting withSubrata, the 
Information Ministry’s director-general of press^and graphics. 

“It was a tough meeting,” Mr. Nasution said. He was very 
polite but couldn't respond positively to our demands. So, we gave 
him until Monday to respond. If they don’t, there will be large- 
scale demonstrations all over the country.” 


•• I&til2r£/ *_■ 

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Lufthansa to Seek New Paris Access f 

PARIS (THT) — Lufthansa German. Airlines will seek landing 
rights at Orly airport south of Paris, following the example of 
British Airways and its French affiliate TAT, according to Jurgert 
Weber, president of the German airline. Mr. Weber told the 
French newspaper Le Monde that he would be astonished if 
France refuted the request following the ruling by the European 
Union that it had to'open Orly to British Airways. 

France’s main regional carrier. Air Inter, a subsidiary of Staley- 
owned Air France, has its main base at Oriy, and had opposed? 
opening the airport to foreign competition. Most inrernationarf : 
carriers operate out of Charles de Gaulle airport north of Paris. £ 
Mr. Weber said. Lufthansa would seek routes out of Orly to 
F rankf urt and Munich. 

Customs officers on Cyprus went on an indefinite strike 
Wednesday, leaving ports and airports unmanned. “There is 
■amply no one to check anything, we are all on strike," one officer 
said Thursday. Airport and port officials said there were no delays .■ 
in flights or shipping. 1 (Reuters} 

Lufthansa said it would lower fares starting SepL. I for selected 
domestic flights on six routes connecting Cologne, Dfisseldorf, 
Hamburg, Berlin and Munich. The airline also said it would 
simplify domestic check-in procedures. (AFX) 

Bomb attacks are keeping viators from Turkey’s coast and 
striking a Dew blow at the country’s tourist industry, travel aaents 
and hoteliers said., Blasts ai the Mediterranean resorts of Mar- 
mans and Fethiye," blamed on Kurdish guerrillas, wounded 1 1 
tourists, including a British woman who required surgery for head 
wounds, and 10 Turks this week. (Reuters) 

Belgian rail unions called for a 24-hour strike starting at 10'Orf 
PM. on Thursday. The strike was expected to halt domestic and 
international services. Unions are objecting to economy measures 
by the national SNCB railway company that could lead' to a loss of 
jobs in July. , AFP) 



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Diplomat or Meddler, Carter Is Back in the Game 


'• p Mn 

By Elaine Sciolino 

New York Tima Srrrter 

WASHINGTON — In the 14 years 
since be left the White House, Jimmy 
Carter has monitored elections, medi- 
ated disputes, promoted democracy 
and worked to eradicate illnesses like 
Guinea worm disease. 

But it cook an unusual visit to North 
Korea last week to thrust the former 
president back onto the front pages 
and into a foreign policy maelstrom 
that has had officials and commenta- 
tors arguing for a week about whether 
he was making peace or just making 

Now President Bill Clinton has an- 
nounced that he will restart talks be- 
tween Washington and Pyongyang 
next month after North Korea's 
pledge, first made to Mr. Carter, to 
freeze its nuclear program. 

Suddenly, some — but not all — of 
the same officials who complained that 
Mr. Carter had been duped by a dicta- 
tor are praising him forms diplomatic 
dating. And suddenly, although per- 
haps temporarily, Mr. Carter has been 

For months, Mr. Carter had been 
asking the administ ration to allow him 
to play a foreign policy role, writing 
letters to Secretary of State Warren M. 
Christopher and lobbying senior offi- 
cials who had worked for him with 
offers to help resolve conflicts in 
places Kke the Sudan, Somalia and the 

Middle East, senior administration of- 
ficials say. 

But both Mr. Christopher and the 
national security adviser, W. Anthony 
Lake, had been reluctant to dispatch 
their former boss to distant capitals. 
“If you have free-lancers r unning 
around you lose control and you find 
yourself in awkward positions,” one 
senior official said. 

Another reason for the arm’s. length 
attitude was Mr. Carter himself. 

He is so fiercely independent that in 
1987, despite strong suggestions from 
the Reagan ad minis tration's State De- 
partment that he stay home, he went to 
Syria for a bit of peacemaking. He was 
given head-of-state treatment and end- 
ed up praising President Hafez Assad 
for doing all he could to help free 
American hostages in Lebanon. 

It was Mr. Carter who, in one of his 
first major foreign policy decisions as 

E resident, began the withdrawal of 
IJS. troops from South Korea, a move 
soon reversed bui never forgotten or 
fully forgiven in Seoul But the former 
president, who was trained as a nuclear 
engineer in the navy, is nothing if not 

North Korea first sent Mr. Carter an 
open-ended invitation to visit in early 
1991, but the Bush administration 
blocked it. Hie Clinton adminis tration 
gave him the go-ahead. 

Mr. Carter said be was alarmed by 
the possibility of a confrontation with 

North Korea that was laid out for him 
at a three-hour intelligence briefing 
that Mr. Clinton arranged for him at 
his home in Rains, Georgia. The for- 
mer president felt he had to get himself 
reinviied so that he could talk to Presi- 
dent Kim II Sung face-to-face. 

“I decided, on my own initiative, to 
question the North Koreans about 

Tf yon have free- 
lancers running around 
yon lose control.’ 

Senior administration official 

whether my invitation for a visit still 
was effective,” Mr. Carter told a group 
of reporters in Washington on Sunday. 
After the North Koreans said it was, 
Mr. Carter phoned Vice President A] 
Gore to tell him he was “strongly in- 
dined to accept” Mr. Gore took the 
matter to Mr. Clinton, who approved. 

By the time the State Department 
got wind of the plan, senior officials 
said, it was too late to undo. 

So the administration decided to try 
to have it both ways. Mr. Carter was 
briefed extensively. If the trip failed, 
the White House could distance itself 
by saying that Mr. Carter was just a 
private citizen. If it succeeded, the 
White House could take credit, as Mr. 
Clinton did Wednesday. 

Indeed, Mr. CHnton appeared to el- 
evate Mr. Carter from an independent 
operator into a formal emissary, call- 
ing him “a distinguished American 
private citizen” who was sent to “com- 
municate the position of our adminis- 
tration” and who “made a very persua- 
sive case.” 

But for some officials those words 
could not erase a different impression. 

There were two instances that par- 
ticularly rankled administration offi- 

At one point while Mr. Clinton’s 
senior advisers were discussing North 
Korea at the White House on Thurs- 
day afternoon, Washington time, Mr. 
Carter called to tell Assistant Secretary 
of State Robert L. Gallucci that he was 
about to go public on CNN announc- 
ing a proposal made to him by Mr. 
Kim to freeze its nuclear program. 

Senior officials were bonified and 
the meeting disintegrated into a heated 
debate on how to respond, according 
to officials familiar with the meeting. 

Mr. Gore signed that the proposal 
was an opportunity that must not be 
missed and that the United States 
needed to issue a strong statement em- 
bracing the North Korean proposal. 
Mr. Christopher urged extreme cau- 
tion and Said the ariTrrinis fr »rit) n had to 
stay on course with its drive for sanc- 
tions. Mr. Lake tried to broker a deal 

At one paint, when Leon Fuertb. 
Mr. Gore’s top foreign policy adviser. 

was arguing that the statement should 
contain language suggesting a break- 
through, Deputy Secretary of State 
Strobe Talbott told him bluntly, “I 
couldn't disagree with you more.” 

The result was a statement with a 
dual message — an embrace of the 
proposal if it was real, and a pledge to 
continue to consult on sanctions at the 
United Nations. 

And then, even though Mr. Lake 
read it slowly and carefully twice to 
him, Mr. Carter botched his lines. As a 
CNN camera rolled, he told Mr. Kim 
during a sail on his yacht that the 
admin in f ra firm backed off ZtS 

strategy of pursuing sanctions. 

On Sunday, Mr. Carter acknowl- 
edged to journalists that he had made a 
mistake. “It’s my fault,” he said. 

Box that was before the North Kore- 
ans reconfirmed their pledge to Wash- 
ington. No matter that the pledge es- 
sentially goes no further than what the 
North Koreans have promised before 
and simply may have bought them 
time to pursue their weapons program. 

No matter that Washington has sus- 
pended its call for sanctions and a key 
condition for face-to-face negotia- 
tions: that North Korea first come 
clean about past diversions of plutoni- 

In the words of Mr. Carter to CNN 
after Wednesday’s announcement, “It 
really was kind of like a miracle.” 

Ajaedatal fts* 

ery, Democrat of Mississippi, receiving applause from 
B l Clinton on the 50th anmversary of the GI BiH of 
Rights. Mr. Montgomery, a World War H veteran who 
heads the House Veterans’ Affairs Committee, spon- 
sored an extension of the bOTs education benefits. 

H—lth CowrtN Han Spares Empfoyom 

WASHINGTON — Moderate Democrats and Republi- 
cans on the Senate Finance Committee are ajroroaching 
agreement on a national health insurance plan that would 
require people to buy health insurance for themselves and not 
make employers buy it. 

If the three Republicans and five Democrats can agree 

^^^oof^e^o^^ttee Friday. They 5 said they thought 
they could get enough votes to have the committee then send 
the measure to the mQ Senate for debate. 

Deadlock in the Finance Committee has presented the 
most severe congressional threat to hopes of passing lerisla- 
tion that would insure all Americans. Many supporters or that 
goal said it was a mqjor step toward the overhaul of the 
nation's health care system. Some members of the committee 
said they had reservations about the proposal but would vote 
for it anyway to keep the process going. 

The Clinton administration was tentatively friendly to the 
centrist efforts. Hfflaiy Rodham Clinton, after meeting with 
Democratic senators at lunch, said that she would not com- 
ment on the plan because she did not know its details. But she 
.added, “l am encouragedjby. what 1 hear is vety substantive- 
tiacaarion/’ ; v •_ 

' Some Republicans were snore dubious; Senator Bob Dole 

any consensus either m the committee or m the full Senate.” 
- while ft ©compromise plan was not available in writing, 
senators and aides described some moor features. 

The plan would provide subsidies for people who cannot 
afford to buy their .insurance. The requirement that people 
buy their own insurance would not come into effect until 
2002, tl»tyaaid. And it would take effect only if other methods 
to^ ^Spread health insurance— like laws to make ii easier for 
small businesses to join together and bargain for good rates, 
or a ban on excluding people with pre-existing medical 
problems —had not led to either 95 percent or 96 percent of 
the American people’s bring insured, (NYT) 

Rjqhfg OroupCrW^g— U^. Amwi Sal— 

WASHINGTON —Amnesty International USA criticized 
the Clinton administration for continuing to sell arms or 

Isnid,- Thailand. ■ 

The human-rights organization charged that despite a re- 
packaging add scaling back of . Washington’s security assis- 
^ tance effort last year, the bottom tine has not changed from 
. previous administrations. The U.S. provides weapons, train- 
ing, unri fimrtq tn human-rights violators and does little to 
monitor hew drey may be used.” . 

A report by^ ^ group said that in the fiscal year 1995, the 
adatizustration plans to sell nearly $30 hOhon worth of 
.conventional arms and^ provide $5 A. billion worth of econom- 
ic military assistance to U.S. allies that e n g ag e in prao- 
tices such as systematic Suppression of politiciu dissent, 
torture of. prisoners, and fomenting of ethnic or religious 
vtoknee. •• '{Wv 

QBoWXI»Hifo*» '.y, 

ipreSideni CEnton at!the Democratic Tarty fund-raiser in 
-Washington: “We must not b ecome mired m the cynici sm 

^^^me^tydsS^ . (Reuters) 

Aiiray From Politick 

■ Methodist nrimstcr, her former boyfriend, in front of his 

■ congregation and daughter. Rhzabctb Mayberry, 37, will be 

' sonoiced July 20 for killing the Reverend Roland Phillips Jr.. 

■ She had pleaded innocent by reason of insanity in the Sept. 

. 19 , j<WV WTKnp She faces a term of up to 60 years and may 
receive psychiatric treatment in prison. 

• The' state of Delaware baa executed 45-yeai-old Andre 
; Deputy. ft^JUs rde in the brutal don We slaying of an rideriy 
Mate,:whbwe*e fobbed to finance a drinking bmg^ It was 
th^wrifi'execulicHi in Delaware and the "245th nationwide 
; since, k lp78 Supreme Court ruKng aflqwing-Stafies to resume. 

usmgthe&aih penalty. r . 

, #A tfariy Wthe Search Institute of adopted adoteMenh and 
t thor£am£Bc£in Calorado.TDmciis, hfiitaesota and Wisconsin 
l hasTound that these teenagers were no morchkdy than other 

adotescento to foffer from mental healto or identity problems. 

iasBaaaisssfasw»sS' : 

agery in the institute’s previous, larger study of adolescents , 
: nationwide/-'- : '. . *r.n*a**.irrT 

North Korea 
Set for 6 Fair 
And Equal’ 
U.S. Talks 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatcher 

TOKYO — North Korea 
said Thursday it expects to hold 
talks “on afmr ana equal basis” 
with the United States aimed at 
reaching an overall understand- 
ing with Washington. 

A North Korean Foreign 
Ministry spokesman, quoted by 
the official Korean press agen- 
cy, KCNA, confirmed word 
from Washington that the two 
sides would meet in Geneva 
early next month to resume a 
dialogue broken off earlier this 
year after two rounds. The 
white House said talks would 
probably start July 8. 

“We expect that the third- 
round talks held on a 
fair and equai basis so tint - a 
substantial agreement may be 
reached for a funda m e nt a l solu- 
tion of the nuclear issue and for 
the improvement of relations 
between the DPRK and the 
United States as a whole,” the 
North Korean spokesman said. 

The dispute over internation- 
al suspicions that North Korea 
is secretly, making nuclear 
weapons turned to bitter con- 
frontation earlier this month. 
The United States led a drive 
for United Nations sanctions 
against Pyongyang, which said 
sanctions would be an act of 

The North Koreans, mean- 
time, have been seeking a broad 
understanding with the United 
States that would include diplo- 
matic recognition and econom- 
ic help. In announcing agree- 
ment to resume talks, President 
Bill Clinton said Wednesday 
night that the negotiations 
would encompass a full range 
of issues." 

An apparent breakthrough 
came last week when former 
President Jimmy Carter met 
President Kim H Sung in North 
Korea. Mr. Kim “told Mr. Car- 
ter that the key to a solution erf 
the nuclear issue was to build 
confidence between the DPRK 
and the United States,” said tho 
North Korean spokesman, 
quoted by KCNA and moni- 
tored in Tokyo. 

“And he made an important 
proposal to .break the present 
deadlock between the DPRK 
and the United States and reach 
a fundamental solution of the 
nuclear issue. On this basis, a 
series of working contacts were 
made between the DPRK and 
the U.S. recently to hold the 
third round of talks,” the 
spokesman went on. 

“Robert Gallucci, head of the 
U.SL side’s delegation to the 
DPRK-UB. talks, in a letter to 
his counterpart of our ride June 
20, confirmed the question of 
laying a groundwork for the 
talks and proposed to hold the 
thud-round talks to discuss the 
guarantee of security and over- 
all political and economic is- 
sues between the DPRK and 
the United States. 


1 > A V G l -/C L u * 



Wttbobart Mumkijton B Empeio 
kkptrae or faaj jar Atab 


071 493 0021 | 

A Short-Lived New Beginning 

Sister Says Nicole Simpson Was Ready Ho Start life Over’ 

By Sara Rimer 

New York Times Service 

nearly half her life, Nicole 
Brown Simpson was known as 
OJ. Simpson's girlfriend, his 
wife, then his former wife. But 
in her last days, after she had 
broken off efforts to gel back 
together, she had been strug- 
gling to be Nicole Brown. 

Hours before Mrs. Simpson 
was killed, she and her family 
— her two children, her par- 
ents, two of her sisters — were 
celebrating her freedom at Mez- 
zaluna, one of her favorite 
neighborhood restaurants. 

“She was just so vivacious, so 
full of life,” her older sister, 
Denise Brown, said in a tele- 
phone interview on Wednes- 

“She had just gotten it all 
together, and; it was so exq't- 
irift” she said.' “I was so. happy 
for her. For the first time in her 
life, she was able to have her 
own friends. We were talking 
about going to Yosemite. camp- 
ing, taking the kids to Club 

North Pushing 
Missile Project 9 
Analysts Say 

Agence France- Prcsse 

LONDON— North Ko- 
rea, which has agreed to 
freeze its nuclear program 
to avert United Nations 
I sanctions, is speeding up 
development of two new 
ballistic missiles, Jane’s 
Defense Weekly reported 
Thursday, quoting U.S. in- 

It said the Taepo Dong- 
1, with a range of 2,000 ki- 
lometers (1,200 miles), 
might became operational 
as early as 1996 while the 
Taepo Dong-2, a two-stage 
missile with an even longer 
range, could go into service 
by the year 2,000. 

Pyongyang may be plan- 
ning to test the first stage of 
the TD-2 soon on its test 
range, which is currently 
“undergoing modifications 
that could be the prelude to 
such a test” Jane’s said. 

The weekly said that if 
North Korea' succeeded in 
deploying nuclear-armed 
missiles, “the status of 
Taepo Dong is crucial.” 

Med. Everything was going to 
revolve around the kids, 
ir “She was so happy,” Ms. 
e Brown said. “She had broken 
^ up with O J. a week and a half 
^ before. She was going to start 
x her life over. It was going to be 
j without O J., with her children, 
k Funny thing, she still loved OJ. 
i. She just couldn’t live with him.” 

Sometime after she left the 
a restaurant that evening, Mrs. 
. Simpson was slain on the steps 
[ of her townhouse. She had just 
c turned 35. 

Even now, it is her former 
. husband, charged with the mur- 
der of Mrs. Simpson and a 
friend, Ronald Goldman, who 
3 is drawing all the attention. 

■ There is an extensive record 
of his public life — as a football 
hero, a television pitchman, 
Hollywood actor, the man 

1 about town with the beautiful, 

■ blonde wife on his anru. Far less 
' is known about Nicole Brown, 
r and her life with OJ. Simpson. 

“She was totally, totally de- 
; voted to this man," Denise 
Brown said. Then, referring to 
• Mr. Simpson's best friend, A1 
Cowlings, who helped him flee 
the police last Friday, she add- 
ed, Even AC., he says to me, 
"Denise, I could not believe a 
woman could love a man as 
much as she did, bringing him 
coffee every morning, in bed.’ 
Every morning for how many 
years — 18 years — she was so 
m love with him. ” 

They fell in love when she 
was a teenager, and until their 
divorce in 1992 they seemed to 
define the California dream. 

His life was her life. The $5 
million mansion in Brentwood, 
on the same street as Meryl 
Streep, the actress, and Michael 
Ovitz, chairman of Creative 
Artists Agency. The $2 million 
oceanfront house in Laguna 
Beach. His and her Ferraris. 
Vacations in Vail, Colorado, 
and Mexico. 

But there was a price. Friends 
of the couple said he tried to 
control the relationship and 
even after their divorce ap- 
peared to be possessive about 

Several times in the last years 
of their marriage, she called the 
police to the Brentwood home. 

After a New Year’s Eve party 
in 1989. a frantic Nicole Simp- 
son telephoned the police again. 
As officers arrived, friends of 
Mrs. Simpson said later, she ran 
out of the bushes, yelling: “He's 
going to loll me! He’s going to 
kill me!” She had a cut tip, a 
swollen black eye, a bruised 

cheek and a handprint on her 
neck, they said. 

Several months later, Mr. 
Simpson pleaded no contest to 
spousal battery. A judge fined 
him $700 and allowed him to 
choose his own psychiatrist for 

Around the same time, a 
smiling, relaxed Mr. Simpson 
dismissed the incident in a 1989 
television interview with ESPN, 
saying: “We had a fight We 
were both guilty. No one was 
hurt It was no tug deal, and we 
got on with our life.” 

Now, Mrs. Simpson’s death 
has touched off a national de- 
bate over spousal abuse as a 
hidden enzoe. But Denise 
Brown, 37, says she doesn’t 
want her sister to be remem- 
bered only as a victim. 

"She was not a battered 
woman,” Ms. Brown said. "I 
don’t want people to. think it 
was like that, f know Nicole.' 
She was a very strong-willed 
person. If she was beaten up, 
she wouldn’t have stayed with 
him. That wasn't her. Every- 
body knows about 1989. Does 
anybody know about any other 

Id *93, a Desperate Call for Help 

The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — An enraged O J. Simpson kicked in a 
door to his former wife’s home last year after becoming upset 
earlier in the day over a picture of an old boyfriend in her 
photo album, according to police records. 

“My ex-husband has just broken into my house and he’s 
ranting and raving outride in the front yard,” a frantic Nicole 
Brown Simpson told a 911 dispatcher. 





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“Has he been drinking or anything?” the dispatcher asked. 

“No,” Mrs. Simpson replied. “But he’s crazy.” 

Audiotapes released Wednesday document the episode 
eight months before she and a friend, Ronald Goldman, were 
killed. Mr. Simpson has pleaded not guilty to murder. 

On Oct 25, 1993, Mrs. Simpson placed two frantic calls to 
the 911 emergency number. 

The dispatcher sent officers to the scene. Mrs. Simpson 
hung up but called back less than a minute later to say her 
former husband had returned and had “broke the back door 
down to get in.” She cried and pleaded for police to come. 

The dispatcher said police had been notified, tried to calm 
her and asked her to stay on the line. . 

“I don’t want to stay on the Hne,” Mrs. Simpson replied. 
“He’s going to beat the s— out of me.” But she did continue 
talking, saying she was worried about her children, who were 
sleeping upstairs. 

“He’s ... going nuts,” she sobbed later, and told the 
dispatcher that similar confrontations had occurred “many 
times.” During the call, Mr. Shnpson could be heard swearing, 
and yelling In the background. 


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Page 4 


EV Leaders, on Corfu, Set Sights Low 

By Tom BuerkJe 

n^ n r^?T ^aluml, HeraU Tnh ™’-- 

CO Rp U Greece — A S Europe - load- 

S f ^ eS 'f n ^ ed L Thursdav 0n lhLs ^ri- 
ll™ 1 - d ' ^ nwd- like the dress of 
me tounsts. was. distinctly minimalist. 
,.J*sP ac the challenges of record-high 
unemployment and dangerous instabil- 
lty to the East, the will for action is weak. 

Prime ministers such as John Major of 
Britain and Felipe Gooz&lez of Spain are 


in political trouble at home: Germany 
and France are preoccupied with coming 
elections; and Greece, the host country 
is at diplomatic war with its European 
Union partners over its blockade of the 
former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia. 

The timidity of leaders has been rein- 
forced by public disenchantment wivh 
European integration, which fueled big 
gains by anti-Union rightist parlies in 
the recent elections for the European 

EU leaders are so wary of the Euro- 
skepticism that the selection of a new 
European Commission president, the 
main topic of the meeting, has degener- 
ated into a personal battle between the 
two leading candidates and their sup- 
porters. with virtually no discussion of 
their vision for the Union's future. 

“We are in a period where people are 

still living under the shock of the_Maas- 
tricht treaty.” an EU diplomat said. Re- 
jection of that 1992 accord by Danish 
voters set off a debate between EU Inte- 
gra tionists and nationalists that remains 

“We are still in a transitional period.” 
he said. 

On Europe’s most pressing issue, jobs, 
the Commission president. Jacques De- 
lors, warned EU leaders earlier this week 
to keep up the attack on structural barri- 
ers to employment instead of drawing 
comfort from the “allure of economic 

But in the current anti-EU climate, the 
leaders' discussion of Mr. pelors' white 
paper on jobs and competitiveness was 
expected to be little more than a review 
of what member governments are doing 
to reduce payrofl taxes, remove rigid 
labor rules and improve training. 

And conceding to strong opposition 
from national governments, Mr. Delors 
indicated he would drop his campaign 
for EU borrowings to finance cross-bor- 
der road and rail networks. 

The meeting will bejudged by whether 
the leaders can agree on a candidate to 
replace Mr. Delors as head of the EU 
executive agency. Failure to do so at a 
working dinn er Friday evening would be 
an embarrassing sign that the Union was 
“not capable of reaching a decision on 

such a crucial issue," said Prime Minister 
Andreas Fapandrcou of Greece. 

Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene of 
Belgium seemed to have the post locked 
up after Christian Democrat leaders 
agreed in Brussels on Wednesday that 
the candidate with majority support 
should win. 

With as many as eight EU states, in- 
cluding France* and Germany, behind 
Mr. Dehaene. that was a polite way of 
suggesting that Ruud Lubbers, the 
Dutch prime minister, should step aside. 
But Mr. Lubbers gave no hint of with- 
drawing quickly, raising the prospect 
that Chancellor Helmut Kohl might nave 
to call another summit meeting in early 
July when Germany takes up the rotat- 
ing EU presidency. 

Given the problems at home, EU lead- 
ers will be only too happy to tu m their 
attention abroad. 

The accord will lift most EU quotas on 
Russian exports, provide for mutual in- 
vestment guarantees and hold out of the 
prospect of a free-trade agreement . 

The real test for the leaders, though, 
will be whether they can agree on a 
strategy for ai ding economic reform in 
Ukraine and shutting that country's re- 
maining nuclear reactors at Chernobyl. 

EU leaders also will sign membership 
treaties with the leaders of Austria, Fin- 
land, Sweden and Norway, who will get a 
seat at the summit table for the First time. 


- ' Orann Me»\anv/A*axv FrjiKX-Psvwc 

The Norwegian leader Gro Harlem Brand Hand with Mr. pelors on Corfu. Member- 
ship treaties with Norway, Austria, Finland and Sweden are to be signed on Friday- 

Nigeria Seizes Fugitive 
Who Claims Presidency 

Compiled by Our Staff Fnm Dispatches 

LAGOS — Nigerian police 
arrested the country's most im- 
portant opposition leader, Mo- 
shood K. O. Abiola, on Thurs- 
day after he defied the military 

Mr. Abiola, who unofficially 
won an annulled presidential 
poll last year, was arrested at 
his home in Lagos after ad- 
dressing a rally. He was taken 
to the federal capital, Abuja, his 
aides said. 

Hundreds of youths chanting 
anti-government slogans and 
pallin g for the immediate re- 
lease of Mr. Abiola held a 
peaceful march late Thursday 
through the commercial center 
of Lagos. They carried placards 
reading “Release Abiola our 
president now,” and “Away 
with the military regime." 

The police did not try to stop 
the march. 

The U.S. Embassy said the 
arrest raised “very serious ques- 
tions with respect to the Nigeri- 
an government's commitment 
to restoring unhindered, civil- 
ian democracy and resolving 

the political crisis created by 
the annulment of the June 12. 
1993. presidential election.” 

Mr. Abiola had pledged to a 
rally of about 2,000 people 
Wednesday that he would form 
a government. It was his first 
public appearance since giving 
police the slip and declaring 
himself president and com- 
mander in chief of the armed 
forces on June 11. 

HonsKoflS KOREA: Chirm Hails North Korea- U.S. Move to Talk in Dispute 

* Owtfinwd from Paae 1 part, Kim II Sung, would be the first since facilities in Yopgbyong, -n 

Jj 1 *- £**-**] ,, J , , the Korean Peninsula was divided at the yang. 

Ultuff rAlSPJla North had a nuclear bomb or was develop- of the Cold War. . Mr. Clinton made- no- so 

O 7 big one. He reiterated Beijing’s desire for a jj, e session was brokered by former he announced what' he desa 

-W~% • m ■ ¥ O nuclear-free peninsula. President Jimmy Carter during a trip to itive development” •• 

#17*1 IT Skffl, Both South Korea and Japan welcomed the two Koreas Last week. North Korea has refuser 

MJM KJXMrj Uie news that talks with North Korea South Korea’s government had orieinal- inspection, which would 3 

Agence France- Prase 

HONG KONG — Britain re- 
ported Thursday that it was on 
the threshold of an agreement 
with China about the future of 
disputed military territories in 
Hong Kong, but the Chinese 
side warned it wanted more 

Mr. Abiola also vowed at the concessions, 

time to submit a cabinet list to 
the dissolved Senate for ap- 
proval “within 30 days." 

Other opposition leaders ar- 
rested during a month of grow- 
ing resistance to General Sani 

The fate of several valuable 
British military sites scattered 
around Hong Kong has been up 
in the air for seven years. China 
wants them for its armed forces 
after the 1997 turnover of the 

Abacba's government have “^ny. . , . 

been detained in Lagos and . Bntein f favors transfemng 

charged with treason. 

the bulk of the military lands to 

Condoned from Page ) 

North had a nuclear bomb or was develop- 
ing one. He reiterated Beijing’s desire for a 
nuclear-free peninsula. 

Both South Korea and Japan welcomed 
the news that talks with North Korea 
would be starting again, but there was 
some concern about how cooperative 
Pyongyang will actually turn out to be. 

In a telephone conversation with Presi- 
dent Clinton. President Kim Young Sam 
of South Korea expressed cautious opti- 
mism about tbe situation in the North, the 
South Korea government said. 

Mr. Kim said North Korea’s reported 
w illingness to freeze its nuclear develop- 
ment pending talks with the U.S. is a 
hopeful sign. Meanwhile, he said, the ap- 
parent movement toward a North-South 
summit meeting this summer is another 
positive development. 

The planned summit meeting between 
Mr. Kim and his North Korean counter- 

part, Kim II Sung, would be the. first since 
the Korean Peninsula was divided at the 
dawn of the Cold War. . 

The session was brokered by former 
President Jimmy Carter during a trip to 
the two Koreas Last week. 

South Korea’s government bad original- 
ly been skeptical that a summit meeting 
would actually take place. But now the 
North Korean leader has suggested a spe- 
cific time and place — he proposes a meet- 
ing in Pyongyang on Aug. IS, Korea's 
independence day — hopes are rising in 
Seoul that the prospects are stronger. 

Kim Young Sam told Mr. Clinton dur- 
ing the telephone call that another hopeful 
sign is North Korea's quick agreement to 
take place in a staff-level meeting sched- 
uled for June 28 to plan the summit. 

Officials in Japan and South Korea were 
both eager to learn whether North Korea's 
agreement with Mr. Clinton means that 
Pyongyang will permit international in- 
spection of the waste sites at its nuclear 


Xo Stay On, 

Hata Offers 

To Resign 

By T. R- R eid 

t£u H.“. 

day to quit his job t-< *■ 

resign from office. . .. 

In return, the Social^ 

- would be expected to help b 

presumably be stronger than 
the minority government 
Jdr. Hata now presides 
’ If thatploy doesn t work. Mr 
Hals’s government coulc oe 
felled fay 2 L no-confidence yvu 
in the D5et, or Parliament. The 

Liberal Democratic Party. ^ 
-■ .largest opposition . group- tor* 

• i w fli Tv sub untied a no-coai i- 

- Oraum Mexvanv/A«tfXv Francr-Pre*-: - altho ugh it ma v 

tfaMr. Delorson Corfo-M^nbCT- - (ioDlc aV otc. - 

weden are to be signed on Friday. . , ...The. Socialists, are in a pos>- 

■■ — tion to demand obeisance from 

Mr. Hata because they hold the 

rry 11 • n; ,-. -.- -balance of power right now in 

lath Ul LalSpiXM}-- Japan's fractured political 

. ... - - V r world. Mr: Hata met Thursday 

faahties m Yongbyong, -north ofPyong- ^ ^ SodaUst Party head, 

ya ?fl ■ . . L: . " . ' ' Tonmtfii Murayama, with no 

Mr. Clinton madono-su^claim when elusive resulL More ne«otia- 
he announced what he described as a- pos- ^ wcre expected on Fnday. 
mve development ; .. - ; In the aftermath of the his- 

■ i^ K ^^ ref ^J oa ? ow ^ Ch toric election last July that end- 
mspecuon, which would help deienmne four decades of conservative 
how much plutonium ithas^tored so far. oac . x>3lVf this nation has 
During a newscontoen ceTThursday, For- - fac J^isu^ political confur 
agn Mmteler Han Sung Jop of South Ko- iSsit adjustTto tbe new era 
rea said he would assume that the new n«nncranv 

" 1 th ° iaU ? u ■ ^^^ y twSrbeads a 

Y EN CarS ? tieS, ’’S^ t0 ^ ^^n^^rtK^e 
some reservations. -S-TT hi. 

some reservations. . yw r±-~ .-rff' fr(nne ^ his 

Responding to questions Thursday in . in Anril 

PrnWnt, Forei^i Master Kofi Ka- 

kizawa said both the agreemenefor talks ^ office 

with the VS. and thejlaas foraNorth- wJSSiffrf 

Japan 8 goalre^edseani 

North Kor^ retuni to “full compliant ^ ^ of ^ 

with nonproliferation. • with 

The election was seen as free civilian use, which could go a 

s«^ers!bui aani!dl«?by tbejun- sh^tage. to easing a severe land Some Now See Mandela OS TOO AcC 07 nm 0 clatmg 

ta leader at the time, Ibrahim 
Babangjda. He stepped down in 

Prospects for an agreement 
soared as the Joint Liaison 

Continued from Page 1 

After an election campaign in 

August in favor of anunelected Group — the diplomatic body complaints of too much Mr. which *h® while 

civilian administration, which charged with working out de- Nice Guy include Mr. Maude- mercUessly attacked as fat 

A i.t ■ .« »«ile rtf 14 An rr Vnmt'c winm „.i cate, the new members of Par- 

RWANDA: French Cross Border 

Continaed hum Page 1 

up by armored vehicles, trans- 

E ort planes and fighters and he- 

Another French contingent 
will be based in Zaire at Goma 
town for excursions across the 
border into Rwanda, and 
French aircraft will be based at 
Kisangani, in northeastern 

In Zaire, the buildup contin- 
ued throughout the day, with 
troops arriving from French 
bases in the Central .African Re- 
public, Gabon, and from Paris. 

The intervention force is ex- 
pected to reach a peak of about 
2,500 troops. France has said it 

will eventually turn over the op- l j ial intentions are far 

from humanitarian," said 

Theogene Rudasingwa, quoted 

r — = ■ - by news agencies in Paris on 

Thursday. “We have general in- 
3 K s mictions to deal with the ag- 

gressor by any means possible, 
’bXJ^Eb anytime there is actual con- 


- ~ - Among other complaints, the 

TrArrri r rebels accuse France of having 



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thj( for 00 vea* Its tWB the site of ifar 
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jj Sbccmeff A Ijo er ier^e MmrJ ! 

!; Infunaawi S. rriffsjlnn'- ■ 
i; J A212 ■ Hi w? : h j 

General Abacha overthrew tails of Hong Kong’s return to 
three months later. China — rescheduled its third 

(AFP, Reuters I and final meeting from Thurs- 
" ' day to Monday to enable spe- 

i-.ii ,■■■■ I.,- dalists to deal with the military 

lands issue. 

tch Cross Border “l think the conditions are 

right for an overall agreement 
eration to a largely African on Monday, but that of course 
force sent by the United Na- depends on the efforts of both 
tions. which is still being assem- sides,” Alan Paul the chief 
bled. British negotiator at tbe talks. 

But the Tutsi-led rebel move- said after meeting Chen Zuoer. 
meat, the Rwandan Patriotic the Chinese negotiator. 

Front, has questioned French «j don't think the gap is very 
motives, believing that Pans is 5i& - he adde d. “It’s certainly a 
too closely linked with the Hutu lol sma ii CT ^ w h at it was 
extremists, who comprise time ago.” 

„ Mr. Chen was more cautious, 
ers. fearing that the French in- h° wcv ® r * repeating Beijing - 

tervemion may rob the rebels of im }^ve 

a near-certain victory in the civ- JWe suD ha ve 

H war, have warned that they . ******* he 

will attack any French troops pushed through report .. 
they encounter inside the conn- The newspaper Eastern Ex- 
try. press said that “in a final act of 

“We have no doubt wfaatso- brinksmanship.” Britain had 
ever that their intentions are far told China an agreement musL 
from humanitarian," said come by early July if all military 
The»gene Rudasingwa, quoted sites are to be ready by 1997. 
by news agencies in Paris on __ , 

Thursday. “We have general in- jM""™ t0 resolve 

sinictioris to deal wUh the ag- issue before the summer re- 
gressor by any means possible, a ,“ ve ^■ ounc h- 

anytime there is actual con- parting in mid-July. 
tacL” Legislators are set to adopt 

Among other complaints, the the final stage of Governor 
rebels accuse France of having Chris Paiten’s democratic re- 

la’s silence when his defense cate- the new members of Par- pom very visions ana easy to 
minister tried to suppress publi- lament accepted raises to ignore. 

cation of documents exposing $55 000 a year — incraceivable He appears frequently m 
Srtv tricks in the militaryT hte wealth to most black South Af- public, ipeaving foreign vun- 
seeimng waffling over amnes- ncans —and many complamai ton. presiding over wemonus, 
ties for many crimes committed « was snD noi enough to make SSS^- « St 

aoninst the libera tion move- etths meet. pnblic remarks are usually 

rSfhis reluctance to Durae The Congress of_South Afri- bland and generaL Since the 

opinion widely echoed in the 

As president, Mr. Mandela is 
both very visible and easy to 

He appears frequently in 

wealth to most black South Af- public, receiving foreign viri- 
ricans — and many complained tors, presiding over ceremonies. 

eration to a largely African 
force sent by the United Na- 
tions. which is still bring assem- 

But the Tutsi-led rebel move- 
ment, the Rwandan Patriotic 
Front, has questioned French 
motives, believing that Paris is 
too closely linked with the Hum 
extremists, who comprise 
Rwanda's rump government 

Various Patriotic Front lead- 
ers. fearing that the French in- 
tervention may rob the rebels of 
a near-certain victory in the civ- 
il war, have warned that they 
will attack any French troops 
they encounter inside the coun- 

“We have no doubt whatso- 

raent; his reluctance to purge 1 " e ol ™. n “ 

police officers accused of atroc- Trade Unions. Mr. Mande- 

ities; his support for expanding la s c,oses1 1101011 * c 

«i« Afnman new government had suc- 

pnbllc remarks are usually 
bland and generaL Since the 

can Trade Unions. Mr. Mande- election campaign, he has re-, 
la’s closest union ally, said the placed his staff of spokesmen 
new government had sue- and speech writers, and the 

South African arms export new government had sue- uo ?en wnrers. noDB 
and his acquiescence in sub- cumbed to “the gravy uaio newcomere have yet to show 
stantial raSs for the new gov- mentality which had permeated Dare for setting a public 
rnimmi apartheid parliaments,” an agenda or dispelling minor em- 


He seems eager to dampen 

rij * _ # i r • -die expectations that awaited 

WAS African Cutbacks Questioned hjs new government. Here and 

v abroad. At a meeting in Tunis 

rnnHnnaA &tm Page 1 At the Slate Department re- this month, other African Icad- 

™ _ .i a action is mixed. era tried to enlist him as an 

pt^ce in more than a dozen intermediary or peacekeeper in 

CIA; African Cutbacks Questioned 

presence in more than a dozen 

African countries. Another “It could reduce political JSSEJSSECSnK 
would be to cut off ongoing coverage in that area,” a Slate ^ ^ Man- 

rdarionsltips with local intelli- Deparanent official said re- 

nngnntiiinnc rentlv He exnlained that al- problems at home to come to 

At the State Department re- 
action is mixed. 

Mandela to Aid 
UN on Angola ; 


CAPETOWN — Presi- 
dent Nelson Mandela 
agreed Thursday to a Unit- 
ed . Nations ropiest to hdp 
end nearly two decades <x ’ 
civil war in Angola, initially 
by meeting the UNTTA re- 
bel leader, Jonas Savimbi, 
for the first thnel 

He said after talks with 
the UN mediator^AHoune 
Blondin Beye, Ta Cape- 
Town that he wanted to 
join rather than take over 
existing Angolan peace ini- 

Mr. Mandela said be 
would telep hone or send an 
envoy to see the Angolan 
president, Jos6 Eduardo 
dos Santos, in Luanda and 
would invite Mr. Savimbi 
to a meeting. 

relationships with local intelli- Department official said re- 
gence and police organizations, cently. He explained that al- 

J* A _ « -.i ■ A tU<x>itvk fUa ***-»*> ■ 4 nn<Mt*A 

the chi rf opposition parties 
. agreed, to let him hold office 
Until he could win approval of 
the national budget for the cur- 
rent year. The budget finally 
.passed the upper house of tbe 
; Diet on Thursday^ With that, 
Mr. Hata and his. cabinet be- 
came fair game for the opposi- 

• tion.. ; . 

■■ But exactly how things would 
turn ont was anybody's guess 
■Thursday night. v 
. But Mr. Hata’s coalition does 

• riot have enough votes ..on its 
own to be sure of defeating a 
no-confidence bilt He n^ds 
hripirom other parties, and the 
Socialists look fake his best bet 

The Socialists were part of 
the coalition government that 
took control in Japan last sum- 
mer under die leadership of for-, 
mer Prime Minister Monhiro 
Hosokawa. But when Mr. Ho- 
sokawa reagried io April .and 
Mr. Hata anerged as the new 
coalition leader, the Socialists 
walked out of tbe coalition. 

They were angry because 
centrist members of the coali- 
tion had fanned a new centrist 
party. This party had more Die! 
members than the Socialists, 
thus denying the Social Demo- 
cratic Party its cherished rank 
as the biggest party in the coali- 

according to a top retire,. CIA though the department private- 
official with covert experience ly has been critical of the CIA's 
in the area. post-Cold War activities in 

. some countries, the departure 

Another retired former CIA c f |]jg agency from a few of 

sent troops to Rwanda clandes- form proposals, which until re- 
tinely in 1990. to help Mr. Ha- cently had cast a shadow over 
byarimana's government cooperation on the turnover, 
thwart a military invasion by 
the guerrillas, who entered 
Rwanda from Uganda. f*' 1 =™- 

The French plan to intervene 

ST. KEM wS Queen’s Yacht, 

The Britannia, 

conflict in central Africa and m « 

still embittered by the painful t O tf€ Ji£tir€(l 

memories of the last such Wesi- 
em-led humanitarian military ^euim 

incursion in Somalia. P oeejl 

Initial humanitarian goals in Elizabeth s personal liner. 
Somalia soon became distorted the royal yacht Britannia, 
as UN and American troops got will be taken out of service 

entangled in Mogadishu's civil in 1997, Defense Secretary 
war, targeting a Somali warlord Malcolm Rifirind told Par- 
as an enemy. liameni on Thursday. 

French officials have said He said the queen would 

ihev have no intention of inter- be consulted on another 
verting in Rwanda’s civil war. use for the vessel, but that it 

“We want to engage our- would no longer go to sea. 

selves as Utile as possible in The government will con- 

Rwandan territory and m no sider wh«her the ship 

way do we want to take a role in f hou1 ^ , , Q J? P -, a ^c 

Lhe conflict,” Defense Minister m 195. it ujsls 

Francois Leotard said in a about £8.5 nnlboa (S I - md- 
French television interview honj a year to run It was 
wIa-La™ designed to be a hospital 

Wednesday flight- . sfaip^n wartime, but itever 

■ U.S. Materiel Arrives served in that capacity. 

! The first of 47 U.S. armored The Britannia is used 

■ personnel carriers. leased to bol- mainly as the queen’s home 

i sier a small UN force in Rwan- or. many overseas tours, 

j da arrived in Uganda on Thurs- Earlier this month, i! fer- 

| day on an airlift from Germany, ried world leaders, includ- 

i Reuters reported From Entebbe. ing the queen. President 

I A U.S. C-I41 Stailifter tnrns* Biti Clinton and Prime 

port plane carrying the first two Minister John Major, from 

heavy vehicles landed at Enteb- Britain to France for cere- 
be airport. 32 kilometers south- monies marking the 50th 
west of Kampala, from Frank- anniversary of the D-Day- 
fun and was met by Ugandan landings in Normandy, 
and U.S. officers. 

official said he was appalled at these African countries would 
the decision. The move “will be p U t pressure on U.S. diplomats 
seen by the locals” as part of there, who alreadv are sfaort- 
the withdrawal of this country handed because of budget cuts, 
from the world scene, ' he . . , . 

warned. This official, a friend Sew* 1 sources said the 
and admirer of Mr. Woolsey. s African cut- 

said that while it was not in ex- back reflects some broader bat- 
pensive to keep CIA operation- ^ tatlQ S place in die : mlelh- 
al people overseas, “relatively 8^“ community and the CIA 
speaking it is small potatoes to The Senate Select Comma itee 
have kept them there.” on Intelligence has had a run- 

. n n rr;-mt nbJfi battle with Mr. Woolsey 
:M ter a tXrag ^ lon " over spending on expensive in- 

tofligOTce satellites. The Africa 
al legislators suggest^ * cee P; plan is a sign that “Woolsey is 
mg a couple o f lhc pos^c^CT. g^.|,X^luucal p4l= 
according to one parDctpmit. and ^ own operational 
The lawmakers pointed out that p ersortne ^-’ a specialist within 
there was no CIA presence m KL 
Somalia in 1992, when the ded- the committee said. 

sion was made to send U.S. A former CIA official said he 

ough the dmar^ent private- of neighbors, 

has been critical of the CIA's Behind the scenes, his incom- 
>st-Cold War activities in parable skill as a politician is 
me countries, the departure appUed to quelling potential di- 
the agency from a few of vision — for example, stifling 
ese African countries would the anger of his supporters in 
it pressure on U.S. diplomats the Zum province, who felt they 
ere, who already are short- were robbed by election fraud, 
inded because of budget cuts. Md calming the resentment of 

riSRWSf £ 

ick reflects some broader bat- 5e P aratJ51s ' 
s takin g place in the intelli- His state-of-the-nation 
nee community and the CIA speech a month ago laid oul a 
„ „ _ . _ . modest first installment on so- 

The Senate Select Lorrnra itee pjgj programs while dwelling on 
i Intelligence has had a run- growth-oriented economic poli- 

ning battle with Mr. Woolsey Qgj that could have been, and 
ova- spending on expensive in- ^ parl ^e, written by his pre- 
teQigence salelliies. The Africa decessor< F.W. de Klerk, who 
plan is a sign that : ’ Woolsey is serves as second vice preri- 

LOBBYl Deregulation on Agenda 

Gantiaaeil from 1 . Jay to progress lies in 

ought to be channeled, and der^ulation, ^he said in a re- 
what impact they might have. c ? n * speedi. “Regulation pro- 

. vides the basis for excessive in- 

Kcaoanren also Faces internal fi ir jk«iAA j 

^ueauciacy on Uie private sec- 
*«• Tha * £ partly re- 

sponsible for the inscrutable 
imports. Deregulati on has be- administralive guidance and in- 
come Xetdanren’s chief obicc- ~ , u . 

live. Few doubt its valuein ran- 

vigors ting Japan's economy «> much criticism from 

with fresh competition .and t« >«« Mr V 

business opportunities. Yet ™ Ucsi \ 

while good forthe whole, der^- 2J" ■ 

illation inevitably comes at the . 

expense of individual compa- act more responsibly to 

nies, making agreemait odoto- Jap®* s mtemational , 

dfieSt P trustworthiness, stem from di- i 

. E fc v “ den^ulahon proves Japan’s biggest automaker. Us- 

listening to the technical people denL 
and not his own operational _ 
personnel “ a specialist within „. 111 

the committee said. , , _ 

la s xi 

A former CIA official said he hold- 

troops to that country. The CIA believed the covert operations 

“cried because there was no- 
body there, and they had to 



le themselves wanted io 
draw from some African 

hold-the-lme budget that ex- these pains.” he said. “Nobody untary” restrains on exnor J 
tracted no new taxes except a m industry should consider the United States- ^ f 
one-time 5 percent income tax themselves the only victim?’ — ’ * 

send someone back who had countries rather than remaining 
left two years earlier,” a con- and just reporting on local ac- 
gresaona] source said. trades. 

“At least keep one person “There’s a certain mind-set 

there in some countries was the with them.” he said. “If it’s not 
message given that day,” the stolen, it's not worth having." 
source said, adding that Con- This source suggested that co- 
gress had fully funded last vert operations at large CIA 
year's budget for covert human stations, such as Bonn, coaid be 
intelligence operations and reduced and the money used in 
would do so again this year. Africa. 

to pay for the more than. SI' 
billion in bills left ova from the 
election and inauguration. 

Tbe next phase in the negoti- 
ated revolution, elections to re- 
place white city councils with 
new, democratic municipal gov- 
ernments, has been postponed 
from October to April or May 

“The government didn't ti? 

Mr. Toyoda has called on the Toyota not to flood the .Am’ 
government to eliminate half of' can market without volun; 
Japan’s economic regulations, export restraints.” he c"’ 
which number more than plained. “Ihe Japanese govo 
10,000, within five years. Kei- n?ent hasn’t followed threui 
danren, has specifically asked on many of iis promises.'’ ■ 
for the lifting or relaxation of - 
regulations on 196 items in sev- 
en sectors, including those af- n • , T ; 

of next year because of white feedng the opening of large re- 
resistance, to the dismay of tail outlets, import procedures 

many local black leaders. 

and agricultural -supports, 

POISON: 1/.S. Says Russians Hide Development of Chemical Weapons 

Contimed from Page l 

weapons but had also produced an espe- 
cially potent type. 

Mr. Miizayanov also said that the Rus- 
sian military and civilian officials who in- 
vented the binary weapons planned to cite 
a technicality in the global agreement ban- 
ning poison gas to keep working on them. 

Mr. Minayanov was jailed in 1992 and 
1993. Washington protested his arrest, and 
Russian authorities have since dismissed 
the case against him. 

Some administration officials are skep- 
tical about some of Mr. Mirzayanov's 
more alarming claims, but U.S. officials 
believe his statements that Russia has 

sought to develop binary weapons are 

In any event, administration officials 
who are reviewing the new Russian infor- 
mation say there is an important gap in the 
data — there is nothing in it about biruny 

“Our preliminary assessment is that the 
Russians have not disclosed information 
about what we believe to be a binary chem- 
ical weapons program.” an administration 
official said. . 

Some officials say the failure to provide 
the information could be an oversight -or 
the result of bureaucratic confusion. But 
since Washington has' asked Moscow to 

provide a full accounting of the binary 
program as a result of Mr. Mirzayanov’s 
assertions, the weight of opinion among 
administration experts is that Russia is 
well aware of U.S. concerns and is conceal- 
ing data about the program. . 

One official said Washington planned to 
gd bad: to the Russians and insist bn a 
clarification of the matter. 

The exchange of data, which is the focus 
of the dispute, was called for by a under- 
standing on chemical weapons that the 
United States and Russia reached in 1989 
The aseanent <m sharing the data is not 
part of me global treaty banning chemical 
weapon^. - 

Russia and U.S. j 

Sign OR Accor/ 

N ** Yerk Times Service) 

President Al Gore and '■ 
Minify Viktor S. Cherrir 
dm of Russia signed a se- 
agreements Thursday pt ; 
for massive oil exploit, 1 
companies and ol? 
emtion on a space stati< 

The accords were ti 
focus during three days' 
between U.S. officials { 
Russian leader, whose I 
Powe r is second only tn 
President Boris N. Yefi 

In a SI0 Won ent^ 
Russ * .gave permissU 
«®*>nium, led bv H 
Oil, to develop oil art? 
serves in the SakhaUnl 

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Page 5 

In Israel \ a Bumper- Sticker Debate 


By Clyde Haberman 

Netv York Times Service 

JERUSALEM — Oa the Is- 
raeli right, which emphatically 
says no to giving up land to the 
Arabs, Giloa Ben-Said is about 
as politically correct as one can 
geL For sure, his car is. 

On its front and rear win- 
dows, on its bumpers, on its 
sides, the French-made hatch- 

synagogues and. on television land for peace with the Arabs “People have a right to see 
and radio. But growing pros- have stickers of their own. the other side, and the only way 
penty has the country awash in “There Is a Mandate for to do that is to make yourself 
new cars. Peace," says a popular one. An- visible,” said Mr. Ben-Meir. 

One result is that politics has olh ? r has the word “peace" set who immigrated from Brooklyn 
hit the road, with autos turned US 8 * 051 a backdrop of fluffy 10 years ago and lives in Ofra, a 
into billboards or opinion, espe- c,ouds - settlement north of Jerusalem. 

dafly on Israel’s peace talks But the left is overwhelmed Bo1 “ il - I ? cce5saiy 10 s P las , h 
with Syna and the Palestinians, in the bunmer cnaSooeuv it 50 suckers aposs a single 

“People have a right to see 

One result is that politics has 

the other side, and the only way 
to do that is to make yourself , 
visible,” said Mr. Ben-Meir, . 
who immigrated from Brooklyn 

On its front and rear win- °? * a ? c !' s But the left is overwhelmed 

dows, on its bumpers, on its W1 “ 1 S ^ na Pal«tuuans. in the bumper crop. Some say it 

sides, the French-made hatch- It is not that bumper stickers * s because their stickers are of- 
back is plastered with no fewer were unknown. But no one can tom off and their cars some- 

thin 18 stickers proclaiming recall when they were used so times vandalized by rightist 
Mr. Ben-Said's total opposition ferociously to maVp a case for hooligans, an accusation refect- 
to government peace policies. or against government polities. ^ by rightist leaders. 

Daaeer l "one rS 30X06 knowledaable esti- . Maya Raz of Jerusalem says 

trav It'" savs another -Niaht wc ^ over 3 mMon stick- the rear window of her auto was 

mare Peace?" “TbePtoole Are 05 1x611 distributed. That sprayed with black paint to cov- 

With the Golan?’ ^iebro^ “ about two for every three Is- « a“peace;’ message. She 
Once and Forever'” “You Vot- raelis ’ numbers keep scraped the window clean, then 

ed for Rabin, and We Got Ara- put up three new stickers. 


And so on. 

In and around Jerusalem, a 
stronghold of the religious and 

Maya Raz of Jerusalem says dience,” he exploit 
the rear window of her auto was eac h have different 
sprayed with black paint to cov- P°b deal, religious, 
er a “peace” message. She security.” 
scraped the window clean, then No one contends 
put up three new stickers. ^ stickers change i 

they are good moral 
No leftist, however, has re- people in the anti-e 

settlement north of Jerusalem. 

But is it necessary to splash 
so many stickers across a single 
car, often in positions that ob- 
scure the driver’s view through 
the rear window? Yes., says Tze- 
mach Hirschfeld, who when last 
seen bad 11. 

“Each one has a different au- 
dience,” he explained. “They 
each have different appeals — 
political, religious, historical 
and security.” 

No one contends that bump- 
er stickers change minds. But 
they are good morale boosters, 
people in the anti-government 

For sale By Private 


“Holzausen Park" 

^The Torah says that if I re- political right* it is almost im- 
main quiet, then it means I possible to turn around without 
agree with what is being done,” seeing a car bearing a warning 
said Mr. Ben-Said, who lives in that the nation is on the road to 
the West Bank settlement of perdition thant-s to Prime Min- 
Kirjrat Arba. a far-right bastion isier Yitzhak Rabin & Co. 

outside Hebron. 

“So I must voice my opposi- 
tion,” he said. “One way is to 
put on stickers, so that every- 
where I gp people know what 
I’m saying” 

Do they ever. Moreover, the 
long-bearded settler is far from 
alone in the battle for Israeli 
hearts and minds that is being 
fought relentlessly with visual 
images and pithy slogans along 
the country’s highways. 

As always, Israelis argue 
politics at the dinner table:, in 

Israelis 'Will Ban 
Arms in Opening 
Hebron Mosque 

The Associated Press 

JERUSALEM — Jews will 
not be allowed to cany weap- 
ons into the Hebron mosque 
where 30 Muslim worshipers 
were killed when the holy site 
reopens next month, a govern- 
ment official said. 

Until the Feb. 25 massacre, 
Jewish settlers were permitted 
to carry weapons into the Tomb 
of the Patriarchs, holy to both 
Muslims and Jews. But when 
the tomb reopens, Jews will not 
be allowed to enter with weap- 
ons, and the two groups will 
pray at different times to avoid 
friction, the Israeli official said. 
Palestinians living under the Is- 
raeli occupation, which contin- 
ues in Hebron, have never been 
allowed to cany weapons. 

The army also plans to de- 
ploy more guards, install metal 
detectors and refurbish the 
dosed-tirari^TVsystern inade 
the prayer halls, the official 

Leftists who favor giving up 

moldy matched the 31 rightist camp say. They are certain that 
stickers spotted the other day their campaign helps create a 
on a single car, or even the nine general atmosphere that Mr. 
on Mesnnlam Ben-Mar's sta- Rabin is in trouble while rela- 
tion wagon. There is nothing forcing their own conviction 
medium about his message. It is that they are not a minority, as 
anti-Rabin in as loud a voice as the hated government and the 
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repentant militants, who had been jailed for belonging to extremist orga nizati ons. 

\ >mt 








Snmning WATBffRONT Property 
with private harbour and boar house. 
450 sgm house m perfect condihon. 
Bearitel verm ova Weftaxhe Bay. 


CaB: Monica Bata 93 38 00 66 
or Foe 93 39 13 AS 


For safe. 2 loom oporTmen f ovrrktoang 
the port and the Grand Pmi 


Trts 1131 93 30 79 92 
tac 133)91 16 15 33 


U n ique Dis«W*jh*<J frcctioW vAa so 

tm redeconAea Emptiond new to d» 
harbor and pdaoe. 540 lam. living 
space and huge tvraoa. For further 
derails cortad: Ms Bodaraen - SEMI, 

9 an if Ostende - MC 98000 Monaco. 
Ttk (33) 91 16 90 00 


Beautiful countryside just 18 km southeast oi Lyon 


set m 5,000 sqm grounds with pod, poolhouse and caretaker's 
bouse. 500 sqjn. living space induaes 4 bedrooms, 3 baflis, 

. ■ 70 sq.m, living with fireplace, sauoa, etc. Easy access to Lyon. 

. Geneva just 1^3 hours avray, Golf neaitry. Justified price. 

Contact owner: ToL (33) 78 96 9 127 



on on ovmrt, Hie cater to me dool 
orto thr.gordln. The home mdudai 3 
beihnmv one with Krirt & daw. 
■rianmon^ ddna roo>A fern mewL 


be arranged' as aUtenal nttt AI 
the roams are oa die sura few » me 
kxri^feaf'rraton LaxW. 
Corts^jw p to* touw ^ 
otad half way brtweM Bantosm tttl. 
Taulaose, nrigoam and Mc*t 
Manavfi^.temportottoi aam, the 
rohwy he fine 

tedeoK It it ft»by Mttwon*. The 
Bardeen* ertpart fa (toy pae hour away 


Srfcsid sun patent al year round. For 



^RattfttPBtfmdtoi joi iy l rt e d . pod. 


p? S 97 m» or Fan 077 11 55. 



SUPERB MANOR on 97 ha. 

Tefc (33) 00 30 21 62 

Lavefe groank Was! Burgundy near 
Awerra. Uinestoi* mav of 40 


todwi Prapatv indudes l«h ceriory I 
tower, bptods nocse, large cenmora, ' 
lake. Resident caretaker. Only 1 
$375,000. UJ. .owner showing 

JS Kiwfram DEAUVttlE 

19th ML MANOR on 40 ha. LAND 

10 mam momL oufauddras, 7 Kudos. , 
rwnfcrt. bam, torn buUng, 16 HORSE I 
STALLS + TTMNNO BW3 (frottmgj 

FSmUBQ. Teh owner (33)31 3> 02 18 

Safes de Bean, view over FVnene u 
■WMooil Boatogi 230 iqin. trod- 



bvheaped park. Good ba*oe, tap 
cbts o m ento. mimniig pool, tenm, 
■hetronc seamy. 300 Krm Iran 

S ^AWN55 , SairW?S!^ J e nwnwa *** **■ "wSsOhlM' SnS 1 iSowSSt 


BRnTANr-JUXynO wd buy Ihe h» degree news, master safe wiih terrace W 700 sanTfetace fami south, 
of a XVI Ith oeniuy home + watch taang the sea 4 west beduims, 41i Luxurious wttoa. F2700 oSl Tel 
tower. GCRGtOUS VSW faeng thr mW mwened ded oaths, 3 a* oarage Provirexs 4421 Fn» 4cfl97tQ 

tqjrw overioofang pert. F2.950JW. 
TeH-44 91 97 58. Fax 1-48 784941 
AVE MONTAIGNE fetong Hotel Pbra, 
■- toely 3roam flat, abenf 89 jam. Top 
buhfeo. Teh 0)47 20 56 OB 
TMft, AUTEUI. 150 sanu drt floor, 
fretotone budang, need to be re- 
done. Barnaul pnee. Tel 1-4503 1608. 
ST. GOMAB4 DES PRES, hetaric 3/4 
room couple nxvtment, cchn, top 
tfeor. mew, tmanmne. 1-43294294 
NaOLLY . BARGAIN, beautiM 4 
rooms, cdm. in very beautrfii free- 
stone buAfcig Tet fll 46 0366 11 
IMl TROCADBKX HMs dan 34 sqn 

stwho + hrtdvm. bah. balcony. Trt. 
1-469361 39 office. 47 27 5B 47 feme 

Ml tried area, exceptional boabon over- 
feotog the Toio, Andolown Firnstied 
house, 6 roans, 2 bade. 2 terraces, 
patio, uauBL nTJXQSfXt, USS350.000. 

Owner fel (ParisTw-lUfl 81 8673 
isation Los Mortem, 4-hedroom 1 
ham completely ren uwi led, hiraished 
and toeshed to a very fegh stomtod 

a sqm Imi Bcdt area 330 sqm. 

lie tea views. £650,000. Tri/fac 

fl)47 72 3096. 

lid, METRO CHAROMC, superb 
130 sqjti furnished Bat, feepfece, 3 
bedrooms, 2 bate. In freestone 17th 
oertuy mnwnt FI 21X30 per month. 
Tet Pi 43 67 14 32 fevwmnL 

with guest haws. Gractoaly situated Tet PI 43 67 U 32 


center or second home. 1 1/2 hours ■ PtS 00 "!. 13fcLf 
horn Stxt hanceca PARIS 56 - BEAUT 

Cdl K. RabnmfltL 516-267-3299 or 
Kosemcrv- 707-942-5862 USA. 





GARDEN, 76 iqjiv, 
JpooaiA quiet Through Septombv 
^STTel s nU6a74 72. 


BRITTANY. SI 00,000 wB buy Ihe too, . , 

of a XVI Ith certify house + wttch foong the sea 
tower. GCRGtOUS Vffw facxsg the I mini Provencal t 
harbor in te CrWK. Direct ham fens) wdh caretaker 

rartu-ttis SfJEwH 

RBSflWS JiASag £j£l\ 


Saauaful 2 roams, 65 sqm 
Doubt uxBure. 
Ffi^Oft/nxxto mductiwchorges. 
Tet (!) 46 27 » 25 

^ C Z-Ii ^ taw. 1 n»tto powder n 

SSSi B “Ca£3NA «wl loft for toe. mow fefeg room foong *» 

K3 B V3S^ ^ «»fronr terrace, separate tSparai 

fevet,. 100 sam. taragj tona scirti. sttetoe for artrt, very qi*t, terrace. -renmee. 2 ^ tdkwdaa 

byTGV m3 horn. No agency please. ) hectod pool wim pool h 
Ti 03) 40 IS 71 19 Wine c*». Ab mre Ihe 

Trt: P31 40 IS 7T 19 

BA8MZON. mate, on hour South of 
Pore center, 2j ha. dredty on toes* 
of Fontainebleau, house [JPatTsl 5 
bedoamv 3 ful bate, personnel 
mrSon. double oaroa,, some rmnor 
repato Tek owner 03-1) 60 66 41 03 

tv -guest ifJoPers. sola 
with pool house & Ur. i 

fed, 100 sgm. 
Luxurious httin 
ftovinon 4421 9 

wtdted vttsge of (W atewts 
Nto Arport Ask USS2.O0d.0O0. 

Cd Szabtoi F. SHsflna, Brafar 
93-77-24-33, Fan 93^7-20 41 

appartynty loaned »> a hgh dass 
prestigious condonsaum apartmerv 
perehouse with <£ cmenmes, *ed tft. 
peuni l «niwninq pool. 3 bedroams. 3 
Wn.ffBM.Tj/toi (331 929B 8974 
CAIMS -EXCHTTONAl, overlooking 
toe bay a nd Leans ofendv 3J71 sqjn. 
PROPBrrr. 400 sqm. Kymg space, ok 
condorh park, swimming pod. Teh 
0393**61 h d: B3-1T45S2906 


lek 336394 0924 Fax: 3363 94 0»X 

I COMHEGFE - 35 M» ROK5Y, 1 8 th 
century CHMaCTBI MANOR terms 

1 6th/ Vita MONTMORENCY 

Pnvote Street. 

BEAUma 530 sqjn. HOUSE 
an 2 leveh with garage and bssnuM. 
Qunpfctriy (adnasouth. Smdl gorden. 

USS5DJ0B. Tet Baratow (34-3 443 
34 t» toe 415 77 18 let toa 
45 74 05 66 Ftpc 45 74 06 88 
dusnm, beautiful house, magri f mnt 
view over Me dite rr an ean. Two state. 

servme entrance, 2 ce*n/Uooqn, I 
”f| 2 gexanes. Ptecee contact London: -M4 1 

'1 71^^42. 


600 sgm, pto 4/00 gm Tefc +34-' BS BJN UI XUBY OTY RJRNBfHI 
1-575B48 to +34.1^5085. uportnentt w* weakly mmd- and 

1-5755S48 to +'34-1 6775085. cpmtnwiti w* .weekly mod- and 

MADH) n«TA DC IffiiltOi Man- mxM/ ‘ ** 

mm to rem/eeL l/XQ sam. on 2200 mSlSSSa 


Madrid. 28 ha Howe 1,000 jam, Tet fitness centre. Lbmv serviced dufo. Matefe, 9 Madrd B«we*i Prado 

PARIS 6th 

Owner sefe snxrt dimader aparrmnl 
3 room, perfect o or xk bon. cukn 
bite tofetv new egixpped kitchen. 

Fttstoefcr pofasHsrai use. 

Tet Paris (33-1146 33 65 59 

Madrid 28 ha House 1,000 Isa*. Tet 
+341.573554B to +34I-57750B5. 


Mate m 9 Madrid. Between Prado 
Museum & Renro Pte fintst mnntoa 
rf trmfticrf furniture, tidy • Wemfe 

, _n_-g_ D inn U 

on haatti a 

of the ‘‘Grand 

fV^-'Tr.'^nTir^f^ ST TKJffZ. 33) iqm Svaa space gn 
to 444 01577 p^hmn tog ) ^ 


XNGHT5BRDGE £59/day luxury (fail 
next Horrods. £33/dqy in Keree^oa 
Tet 71 835-1611 to T\ 3730036 

rtCjK rviv HonT, kvna wHh American Men, mn k eanhii: nata unnec 7B 39 44 B8L Fax; (33} 72 GO 9? 
STitoSS b ***SS^ 1 ^ f gy 0 - to LSAlf “ buy™ SU® CANNS, «Ciw. 350 

oppomtaen fc Tel: (83-1 1 « 06 03 00 come back to visrf 1 Homenv (14 yri(. ^ IS tamo cn ha gr 

Fuly fitted for Mminm and mention. 
Oi 15 m greenery, hotot gaff, 


Tet (33-1)45 M- 

B rooms, 3 WCi. view at Atps, 80 km 
==SB=- zsj •Sl m SSS TB i to Genera. F925U0Q. Tet 3379814333 
SEA, very uxutobUe XKlh century 

nmor home 600 jgjn. wdh 12 ha i " 1 ■ ■ 1 > 

pte mar, swinxntrg pool tennis. I 

Wkh or vteauf 21)00 sgm. outbuild- I 

togs. FUSMSHH) P0553fL Aik bra- I 

dime far O ct te Td OWI® p3| 

9674 91 54 Fax M 74 91 W 

Lo Rochefc area. beoutW biAfebb B 

tori, far sale ei the heart erf tho I 

hW Ether 2 lots of 962 sgm. or ! — . ■ I 

FftOVaiff UMBtON. Icfett far sab- 
<oMe Tel 1331 46B466^ton5. oteST i'sH L? 

sum uvmo, sea <new, 350 sgm^ 
pool & terns on 15 ha. grounds | 
FF5,98M00. Brottere on request. 

AJS l503) 93 67 33 00 

CAP FBSAT. sereoxonai small water- 
front Wfe, 2/3 beaocm, Phvom wRv- 
McCreo. let (33) 93 50 57 31 
MAKKUBi. vOb/'apartmenl, in pmtae 
daman, 3 oteorsns. beoutrful garden 




3*9 sgm- freertevw, Vvah dcra 
nairfl stufex Tel: (IJ 44 87 96. 

to. Summer 94. Peo n, mr aced from 
^) per week. Tet 44 0(223 301355. 

ROME SUNNY HAT, balcony. Jufe 
15-Sspsssttsfaer or toner, 100 sgm. Lit 
1/400000. Tel/fax 3« B0I2RL 

BARGAIN. Beiumen river and amd, 
XKIh cent, wadtexne remodnfcd wvh 
aH caterh, 4 rooms + kitchen, bath 
and toga tote torn. 750 sgm. 
grounds. Paadsie toeflhsge. PBuD 
foR OUCX SAIf: ff370DOa 

KOVB4CE UMOON. kfert far safe 
bmicri year, let from Sept, to, old 
renovated, id m a park m 
bemwui coumryede, furiy hriisM, 
modem cn mfa rti, pool (33| 9072 8195 


sgrg. 3 beckoonts, cenfrd feaeioa 


nwintrTile I SOUIHWBT, near A to, CHATEAU 

K2MAN11C 19* century CHATEAU. 
BiOC irf & rnBCftnbfe. Write arod^na 

»tatfSS£toSn5i Siua? 

Choose document No TOO 

Real Estate in ihe 
South of France 

French Rthera & Monaco 

; Friday, July & . 

- - ‘ - • For piore injQrmation, 

orto plaa* an ad, call (iK IHT in Paris: 

/.-, , y reTd.: (*) 46 37 93 85 
, Fax: 0) 46 3793 70 

ARCANOUB - BUUOnr Baste* vQo 

fee artxnoa, dn Bsjh 1987, 4 bah 
roam, 2 bteroras yte Jocwo, txL 
tad rasa. Ian 2-car ange. EX- 
39^ 00 63 tnoon ij fete 


I flh. oratory MANOR south of rano, ao km 

M*y*Swtg«poc*tarow^ mhxibbwShm ha of 

eriaocottofeAnew roo f. 2b »te hte. tod ffl«»0/ha 

stowlkildte^iQIAnAHtang. ha, <fe M 

DOwtter U 


A1TENS: New Smyrna, hsnxy fumshed 
condo ready to move m, US S195J200. 
Samos: near water (4 tori arawee- 
twni drawings ready. Ideal far vOfe. 
hotel or axxte & stores. US 5250X00. 

usa TtKtot vmgn^og. 
Luxurious penthouse, centrally towed, 
an 2 noon 168 sqm. Huge fireplace, 
marble floors. Big terraces. Open views 
of Acropolis. Reduced far qunct srie 
U5t85j5RTd hta +33-93449040. 
SKQPeoS ISLAM) 80 nm nxpev 
dert haute, 750 land, 7 bed- 
reams, big kuna room wwh wood and 
natural "One. feepfete, tochen bte 
funwhud. T mie tor ihe sea. 

FF48QJ01L Tet Ftnice 33-1-47D9 6360 
NEAR A1HEM5. Lbvque smgfe home 
bixkf hi 199ft view of the rfegeaa 7 
master bedrooms. 3 bate felly 
mapped kitchen. Fra 30-1 -34433. 

120 sam, in wonderful pontoon, 
tosaf (harm. 

BARBARA fffflPfG. 7, pL Vndfe 
Trti (1)40 20 96 00 


ffgh dm on gmthm 
2 rooms, nbout 70 sam, 5th Bom, tft 
Teh (11 46 27 2 26 


MW VIUAS I ON NAXOS ISLAND ISRIIY / M. BARRB, 5Hi Boar gri a^WO ajJr. ^ bteoom, 15 bte 
in trettocmal vflam. Oamn mews. 80sqm.,2 rooms, bricwiy. 1-4471 B7 82 fa SX7SK relnug. Whet ° d eal 
Col or Fax N»C-2lT772-63J0 Jm Cteelt 2l27flWS07 


NKC/ftst Ava ■ 72 S. B teams 


Gbmaraus pemhowe in priae lo cu tion 
wife enormous wrap (luM terra ce s. 
Fafadfeus master bedroom suite with 
ha/her's bate 2 adcMond mastan or 
1 + ftrary. Wanferful hving roam 
vnth wocufaurtwe famtee. fatmcl tto- 

mg roam with skyCgfa, stateto-fetart 
tem kifdmn. Mint comfrion. Ftoergr S 
caraorate buyers w elco me. GorettiuM. 
Bebacco Stentator 2T24H-7080 

Bet 21262B«X7/Fttu 2124917239 


NTC7W 60s 8 ltooaa/5 Roono/3 teams 


Hem & see *e outdoor eoneerts of 
Lmcobi Center from the balcony Of the 
high flow -EreJ/Wesr 2 befeoam/25 
both 0.996 - 1(400 sq.ftj. 

Comfemo wife 1 berfroom next door and 




For rent preriigiDui oraees m fen 



Phone EG) 93 70 72 92 
or Fax P 92 16 15 32 



From rtudee to fimraom de hue. 
Drrty, weekly or reorvWy. 
Fret shrtfe inrvica to 

- Monthly rotes, taervcrifeni ■ Trt (34U 
1) 42002)1 Fox 134-1) 4294458 
fe tho howl at Madrid. High dees 
studios to feL Dirty weekly, mortify 
rates. My tqueped. Urea reserva- 
tions. Trt: 34.1342 85 B5. Fate 


Com und onte Zbrito Madnd fecatod n 
the firmndd & butinem area. A worm 
& ntvidual style. Do3y - Weekly - 
Monthly rates. Resenaaons ■ Tek p4- 
1) 53SIM1 Fax: (34-1) 5351497. 


CaB: 05J45.345 TaB Free 
er (33-1) 45 73 62 20 



WANTED] Fumshed apartment 
far 4 to 6 weeks beamwig Ste. 1, 
U5. Umversily P ro faw & wtfaj no 
ehSten, no Bnakmg orpets. Pent or 
WW Suburbs near ESCWMe: Bax 
5402. UtTrf BSD fifed Ave, Bth R, 
MUtY 10022 ILSA 

MH3f1B3tANEAhC2D2 ha of wooefed 

i hertina fend- frl 5,000 /ha Confect _ 

Mcebe teusw de 8 boH Office WU MONTPSIHL * acre h 
htoorfeL BP 3S„ 343® Saint Oxricm. home, panorBi*c«fes, ara 6,: 

FWTetC«67aooT Ur*£nSW*. 1*0 5 » 31. 



MIIAR ViBo. hto.dres.tvA amury ^ 

Web* 10 tomb from Duane «t the - (W ?5?5SSi!^ , r2Si ll S?7i #s on 
rat Decutiful reudentfel area Four 369^ flwdrtl M(1)4T71 87 82 

floxi, 200 sqm each plus 200 m — — 

basement. 3C0 sqm garden mduding 8 tK P LACE HMI 
dtarnfeK gu«r home with * ca go- rearo, 151 iqm, higl 
rage. B ert fa t ox-wtoe. famhr vrifew op sqwro c 

rte* - c5 ovum 39-2 4590443 or ^SwoO. A^< 

6570037 euenmos No tsqedoes. 4236483) 

«oms, 151 tqtii, high eba, 4* HT, 8 
W*WWS on tqnc and Efjfce St Att- 


Fun Service Luxury Doorman BuUng. 
150 sqm. 2 bedroan*/idKil nedkt- 
Terre or corporate apartment. 
Wafang dsteMi thoofiwCenlrri 
Pwk/Lmeofe Center. FurrfehedAMx- 
mtaL Aria no 5395,000. FAX: 212315- 
1437- TH-- 217315-1435 USA. 

Next Friday, 

July 1 ' 


"WP- ».«■%%/• 4MM>V,.{^ aACr4 %.W-. MVAA..V.A VWVV 


; wvwuw>- 

Sectdon in tfie 


Page 6 




The Dollar’s Problem 

« « a paradox. The 
outlook for the American economy is as 
good as it has been in decades, as the 
chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, 
reassured Congress on 
Wednesday, but the exchange rate of the 
dollar is Falling. Here is a clue to the 
explanation: the latest lurch downward 
was on Tuesday, the same day the gov- 
ernment announced that the trade deficit 
was getting worse. The United Slates is 
not only running a gigantic trade deficit, 
but that deficit is growing bigger. There is 
UKely to be a succession of unwelcome 
monthly figures on an upward trend, re- 
peatedly reminding currency traders that 
the strain is increasing. 

TTie United Slates is now in peril of 
being caught in the same stop-go trap as 
Britain in the 1960s. Whenever the Brit- 
ish economy began to grow strongly in 
those years, it sucked in imports. That 
widened the trade deficit, and the strain 
on the currency soon forced ihe govern- 
ment to put on the brakes and end the 
recovery. The country went through three 
of those cycles before finally giving up 
and devaluing the pound (which set off a 
surge of inflation). The American econo- 
my is immensely stronger than Britain's 
three decades ago, but Lhe mechanism is 
the same. A widening trade deficit tugs at 
the currency, and to protect it the govern- 
ment is confronted with the necessity of 

'Stability’ at a High Price 

The glow cast on Saudi Arabia by the 
splendid World Cup performance of its 
soccer team is, unfortunately, not reflect- 
ed in its human rights record. The State 
Department has noted “pervasive" abuses. 
The advocacy groups have struggled 
against the Saudis' feudal secrecy to re- 

S ort on practices that include. Amnesty 
itemational says, “routine** use of tor- 
ture against political and religious pris- 
oners. No major country with such a bad 
record has received less international 
criticism for it The contrast with the 
outpouring of attention to China's no less 
systemic abuses is stark and anachronistic. 

The reasons for the contrast are clear. 
The Saudi leadership presents itself as 
vital to the United States for its oil for its 
huge purchases of civilian as well as mili- 
tary goods and for its solicitude for 
American regional security interests. The 
regime runs a repressive one-family stale, 
but it does so with shrewd use of its 
affluence, with some discretion and with 
gestures to collective consultation. As a 
result, it enjoys a reputation for modera- 
tion and stability — conditions, Saudis 
are quick to remind, in short supply in 
the Middle East. Then, too, some of the 
relatively few dissidents and reformers 
who do pop up in the country or in exile 
come from the Islamic fundamentalist 
flank, not from the modernizing West- 

leaning professional- technocratic class 
that Americans generally favor. 

No more than its predecessors does the 
Clinton adminis tration want to bring on 
a rights showdown with Saudi Arabia. 
But a Saudi diplomat’s receni application 
for political asylum could force the is- 
sue. According to press reports. 31 -year- 
old Mohammed Khilewi claims to have 
14,000 documents detailing alleged Saudi 
government sponsorship of international 
terrorism, wiretapping of U.S. citizens 
and other deeds. The charge of support 
for radical Islamic terrorism, if proven, 
could raise the question of whether Saudi 
Arabia should be put on Washington's 
blacklist of official state sponsors of ter- 
rorism. The diplomat's application for 
asylum if granted, could identify Saudi 
Arabia in official American eyes as a 
state practicing political persecution. 

These difficulties are not likely to 
bloom all at once, but Americans should 
be on notice. Sooner or later, tightly run 
reform-resistant regimes come apart. 
Harsh consequences can then overtake 
the nations that have become identified 
too closely with the old order. Saudi “sta- 
bility” cannot be taken for granted. For 
its own reasons, the United States ought 
to be constantly urging the Saudi elite to 
broaden and soften its rule, 


Retiring Haiti’s Junta 

The Clinton administration would like 
to see Haiti's wealthy businesspeople pro- 
mote a cushy Riviera or Spanish retire- 
ment for the three most notorious leaders 
of Haiti” s military regime, and it is freezing 
all Haitian assets held in U.S. banks to 
spur them into getting on with the job. 
Raoul C6dras, the junta leader. Philippe 
Biamby, the army chief, and Joseph Mi- 
chel Francois, the police commander, 
overthrew an elected government, let polit- 
ical murders go unpunished, terrorized the 
civilian population and defied internation- 
al agreements. Washington hopes to bribe 
them into exile with bundles of cash and 
promises of a safe European haven. And 
it seeks to reassure rank-and-file soldiers 
that they can keep their jobs and avoid 
punishment after President Jean-Ber- 
irand Aristide is restored. 

It is neither a pretty policy nor fair, 
offering Haiti’s persecutors the safe haven 
that so many of its persecuted have been 
denied. But it makes some sense given the 
unpleasant realities of Haiti. It could be 
justified if it contributes to ending the 
terror and restoring democracy there. 

It was General Cedras’s refusal to leave 
Haiti last October that undid the U.S.- 
sponsored Governors Island agreement, 
the last serious attempt to resolve the crisis 
diplomatically. Inducing the general and 
his fellow commanders to leave now could 
put diplomacy back on track. And the 
only way Father Aristide is going to be 
returned without using outside force is to 
overcome the opposition of an army rank 
and file that fears retribution. 

But Washington should have no illu- 
sions that removing this gang of three 
would solve more man the most immedi- 
ate problems. "Hie terror in Haiti comes 
from the lower military ranks and paramil- 
itary groups created during the 30-year 
Du vauer dictatorship. It was rank-and-file 
soldiers who began the coup against Fa- 
ther Aristide to protect their privileges. 

including profits from drug trafficking. 
General C6dras stepped in later to take 
control of the revolt. Once he departs, the 
same army dements will surely seek an- 
other general to lead their cause, as they 
did Mien Washington coaxed previous 
Haitian strongmen into exile. 

The only tune Haiti experienced real 
change was under the seven-month rule of 
Father Aristide in 1991. It was no demo- 
cratic idyll but not only top commanders 
were replaced but also the local section 
chiefs who had been the dictatorship's 
enforcers. Father Aristide made the only 
serious attempt to disband the Duvalierist 
militias and encourage Haiti's poor major- 
ity io participate in the country's politics. 

The coup abruptly reversed this process, 
as its sponsors intended. Simply lo bring 
Father Aristide back under present condi- 
tions would be, in effect, to parachute him 
behind enemy lines without a rifle. 

The Clinton administration says that 
after the three commanders leave, it would 
help professionalize Haiti's army and cre- 
ate a’separate police force. But the assur- 
ances now being offered suggest that most 
lower- ranking personnel would be kept in 
place. If Washington's goal is io secure 
democracy and stanch the flow of refu- 
gees, it must pursue broader changes. 

One way to do that might be to recruit 
a large United Nations peacekeeping 
force lo control the existing army while a 
new one is created from scratch. Ideally, 
most of the peacekeeping troops should 
come from other Caribbean countries, 
with Washington contributing money 
and logistical support, U.S. diplomats 
would have to line up volunteer nations, 
just as they recently recruited regional 
countries to host refugee reprocessing. 

Luxury exile for the gang of three 
would be a tolerable price for a serious 
effort to end Haiti's agony. Absent ihat 
effort, it would be a disgrace. 


International Herald Tribune 


C. •■Cfndtmm 

RICHARD McCLEAN. PuMiOieri Chirf Ermni'f 
JOHN VINOCUR, EuruSif ££/l-t 1 Vice Preodew 

• ROBERT J. DONAHUE. EJh. •JONATHAN GAGE Bus meu *=< hwnie EJ&ir 

•REN£ BQNDY . Derm PuHifhrr * JAMES McLEOD. Aihvncsin^ Dim** 

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FRIDAY, JUNE 24, 1994 

p i n i 

Fighting a World 

slowing down economic growth. The 
British experience also shows, incidental- 
ly, that the alternative, devaluing the cur- 
rency, is not much of a solution. 

The question is why economic growth 
sets off such a disproportionate increase 
in the trade deficiL That is a sign of 
serious weakness. If all goes well the 
American economy will expand this year 
by something over 3 percent. As a result, 
the trade deficit seems likely to rise near- 
ly by half. At least pan of the answer is 
that the domestic economy is now run- 
ning pretty close to full capacity and 
cannot respond quickly to new orders. 
That is the result of a decade of low- 
savings and under-investment. The big 
trade deficits began in the early 1980s, 
caused by the great Reagan tax cut of 
1981. It was supposed to encourage more 
saving, but in fact it did just the opposite. 
Savings fell and consumption, public 
and private, shot upward. Ever since 
then, the United Stales has depended on 
foreigners to finance its trade deficiL 

Hie nature of the dollar's trouble is 
□either technical nor esoteric. Americans 
continue to consume more than they pro- 
duce, and they are borrowing heavily 
from the rest of the world to cover the 
difference. The foreign lenders have evi- 
dently begun to hesitate. That is why the 
dollar is under pressure. 


P ARIS — Nostalgic Cold Warriors 
can perk up. There is a serious new 
threat to international security and dem- 
ocratic governments that requires urgent 
countermeasures. It isn't about tanks and 
missiles, but it is insidious and subversive 
on a scale that only mobilization of a 
grand alliance can adequately confront. 
It is organized crime, old and new 
mafias of various sorts that are forming 
networks beyond the reach of national 

The gangs know how to 
organise without concern for 
national sovereignty . Countries 
must learn to do the same, or 
they wiUlose this dirty war. 

police. They are as disdainful of borders 
as the new global stock markets and; 
speculative flows of finance. The scope, 
and the amount of money involved is on 
the way to becoming as dangerous a 
menace to a free ana orderly world as 
totalitarian ideology used to be. 

What differs from the ancient history 
of gangsterism is size and the develop- 
ment of international links. The momen- 
tum comes primarily from Russia, but the 

By Flora Lewis 

tentacles are reaching out in all directions. 

In an article in Foreign Affairs, Ste- 
phan Handelmfm cited Russian Interior 
Ministry estimates that organized crime 
controlled 40 percent of the total turn- 
over of goods and services in the country 
last year. The criminal groups transferred 
$25 billion from the Commonwealth of 
Independent States to accounts io West- 
ern banks, a sum that not only, dwarfs 
Western aid and investment but takes an 
enormous chunk out of export earnings. 

The danger that crime poses to Rus- 
sian economic development and political 
stability — 47 percent listed it as the 
most urgent problem, in a poll shortly 
after last December’s elections — is nec- 
essarily a concern to the rest of the world. 
But beyond that looms the possibility of 
a direct challenge to business and gov- 
ernment everywhere as local groups plug 
into the lucrative support system. 

Already gangs in booming southern 
China have established ties with inter- 
national groups based in Hong Kong. 
The Chinese triads have a history of 
expertise, wihness and unscrupulousness 
that forebodes a monster beyond any 
control if they achieve alliances with 
Western and Russian organizations. 

And, of course, organized crime means 

corruption. The enormous amounts of 
money at its disposal erodethe chances 
of maintaining a legal system. The situa- 
tion cries out for. deterrence before weak 
intematioal defenses are overwhelmed. 

The first necessary step is to acknow- 
ledge die reality and gravity of the.on-. 
slaught. Interpol and the FBI have begun 
efforts to work with the Russians, put 
this is marginal far from adequate. Presi- 
dent Boris Yeltsin has shocked the Rn* 
sian Federal Assembly with a decree ex- 
tending police powers dearly far beyond 
constitutional guarantees, in itself omi- 
nous for the fragile Russian democracy. . 

Already, though, this is a matter for 
concerted international action. It is too 
serious to leave to the police alone, them- 
selves obvious targets for corruption. Ci- 
vilian control needs to be at both a higher 
and a broader level if abusive use of 
police power, particularly in former to- 
talitarian states, is not to be encouraged. 

The strategic points are banks and the 
trading structures of certain commodities. 
There are no existing legal- international 
organization or methods of monitoring 
transfers of hot money and stolen, goods. 
An attempt has been made with narco- 
traffic, but it is paltry, and the new, varied 
traffic is becoming many times larger. 

Creating a supervisory system mil en- 
counter sharp resistance. It means, im- 
pinging on traditions of banking and 

commercial *«®cy d* 1 ^jJ^rovoke 
ed. But the new^LiSmjebody - , 

new attitudes. This is aj interest of all 
dse’s problem, it is * die 

who rriyon *5 Lhe 


^ transfers * 

so astoe^osemoney 

become an international S 0 * 


of crime and corruption. __j v 

Theport of Amsterdam was**£ 
drowned in aluminum a couple of years 
ago “smuggled 71 from Russia to cheai 
the state. Estonia, which doesnotope^t 
a. single metal plant, was used to transu 

so much stolen metal ^ 

fense factories that it appeared as one oi 
the world’s largest metal e^orters^ 

1992, an estimated 5500,000 worth a day. 

Defease against the threat wui rase 
more than agreements to exchange inlor- 
matkm. There needs to be a coordinating 
center keeping records to be made avail- 
able to national police, customs and tax 
officials. The gangs know how to orga- 
nize without concern for national 
eignty. Countries moist learn to do the 
same, or they will lose this dirty war. 

© Flora Lewis. 

Partnership for Peace: No, Russia Is Too Big for This Exercise 

M OSCOW — On Wednesday, 
Russia signed the Partner- 
ship for Peace plan at NATO's 
headquarters in Brussels as a step 
toward closer cooperation with 
Europe and the United States. 
Yet mere is little agreement here 
in Moscow as to whether Russia 
really needs this program, and 
what it will gain. 

The Cold War ended with the 
dissolution of the Warsaw Pact 
and the breakup of the Soviet 
Union. The US.SJL agreed to 
the unification of Germany, re- 
nounced the Brezhnev Doctrine 
— which asserted Moscow’s right 
to intervene in the internal affairs 
of Soviet bloc nations if Commu- 
nist rule were threatened — and 
left Eastern Europe. 

In cunt, it received assurances 
from America and its allies that 
they did not intend to take advan- 
tage of the situation and fill the 
resulting vacuum, tipping the geo- 
political balance in tbar favor. 
Dearly Russia has reasons to op- 
pose NATO's expansion to its bor- 
ders. The United States, through 
the alliance, intends to preserve 
and consolidate its mfliLary and 
political leadership in Europe. 

The expansion of NATO — 
initially through the Partnership 
for Peace — is a real step on the 

By Andranik Migranyan 

The writer is a member of Boris Yebsin’s Presidential Council 

way to filling the power vacuum, 
with the ultimate goal of restrain- 
ing and disciplining Russia itself. 

The Romanians, Estonians, 
Poles, Slovaks and Czechs have 
already mobbed the doors to 
NATO. The Ukrainians, Latvi- 
ans and Lithuanians are falling 
over themselves to get in. It is 
amusing to contemplate how 
Russia, which is still a military 

superpower, would look in such 
a crowd, where everyone is cry- 
ing about the threat from Russia 
and wants to lean on NATO’s 
mighty shoulder in search ofS 
guarantee of territorial integrity 
and security. 

Those who say we would have 
doomed ourselves to political iso- 
lation by not joining the Partner- 
ship for Peace and eventually, 

Bj JOS’ BERTRAMS in BnPiKxi (AnottMad) Vnkc SymfciHim. 

perhaps, NATO arequite correct , 
But it is also true that we isolate 
ourselves by agreeing to partici- 
pate, since NAT0 7 controls who 
becomes a full member and when. 

Russia faces , numerous prob- 
lems, both abroad arid with oth- 
er newly independent former So-. : 
viet republics. It cannot- afford 
to be constrained when its own 
interests do riot- coincide with. 
NATO’s or -with those of the 
Partnership for Peace. •' 

The agreement signed on 
Wednesday poses several key 
problems for Russia: . . 

• The current'. proposal does 
not stipulate any sort of frame- 
work for the transition to mem-; 
bership in NATO. A country 
such as Russia cannot be left out: 
in the hallway while important 
derisions are made on issues criti- 
cal to its security. /- 

• Whether- or not its. authors - 
intended it, the proposal Includes 
an attempt to block' the former 
Soviet republics* ability to con- 
solidate militarily and politically. 

. • The Central European 
countries and former Soviet re- 
publics, in joining the Partner- 
ship for Peace and eventually 
NATO, will push Russia out of 
their markets as an arms suppli- 
er, dealing a serious blow to 

^our militar y-industrial complex. ^ 
o' * it is hardly expedient to; 
transform a regional alliance 
created for very ; specific tasks 
into a universal instrument for 
resolving and regulating con- j. . 
flicts throughout Eurasia. • , 
In addition, as a member of j; 
NATO, Russia would become the^ 
alliance’s outpost on its borders ;J 
with the Islamic world and China. ^ , 

It is hard to imag ine that Amen- ’ 
can soldiers would defend this ' 
border as they once defended the 1 J 
• . one dividing East arid West Gcr- 
■ many. So Russia’s hands would j - 
-• be bound and its freedom to 
ueuver limited. - _ 7*' 

Without having a full voice in' ' 
NATO, Rusria can hardly influ- • • 

~ erice the organization's derisions. 

It mightbave been better to con- '. 

‘ centrate on perfecting the mecha- 
nisjns of the Conference on Seen- 
iity .and Cooperation in Europe, - 
w^chwas sciupin 1915 to gukr- , 
arnee peace and order on the Con- 1 
tinent, and to which Russia and \ 
NATO members aErriady bekmg. 

- Mr. .Migranyan is a professor of 
political science at the Moscow ; 
State Institute of International Re -- ' ? ~ 
lotions. This comment was trans~- 
totedfhm the Russian by Hugh K. - 
Truslow far The New York Times.* 

B RUSSELS — Partnership for 
Peace, launched at the 
NATO summit meeting in Janu- 
ary, is an ambitious initiative in- 
tended to enhance stability and 
security in the whole of Europe. 

All states participating in the 
North Atlantic Cooperation 
Council as well as other CSCE 
countries able and willing to con- 
tribute to this program, have been 
invited to join. The invitation has 
met an enthusiastic response. By 
the beginning of June, 20 coun- 
tries had subscribed to the Part- 
nership, mostly former East bloc 
nations but also including Fin- 
land and Sweden. Russia signed 
on Wednesday, and others nave 
indicated their intention to join. 

Partnership for Peace will 
deepen and intensify the politi- 

By Gebhardt von Moltke 

The writer is NATO assistant secretary-general for political affairs. 

cal-mihtary relationship between 
the «ni»nw» and individual Part- 
ner countries. Cooperation within 
the Partnership wifi help increase 
stability and security for afi. It 
will promote shared democratic 
principles, such as transparency 
in national defense planning and 
budgeting and democratic con- 
trol of defense forces. 

Joint nriblaiy p lanning , tr aining 
and exercises will strengthen the 
ability and readiness of members 
to take part in multinational 
peacekeeping, search- and-rescue 
and humanitarian missions under 
UN authority or the responsibility 
of the Conference on Security and 

Cooperation in Europe. Over time, 
Pa rtn ers hi p activities wiD develop 
forces that are better able to oper- 
ate with those of the NATO allies. 

Partnership for Peace builds on 
years of dialogue and cooperation 
under the North Atlantic Cooper- 
ation Council. But it wifi gp fur- 
ther, allowing each partner to de- 
velop an individual cooperation 
program with NATO and thus to 
forge closer relations with the alli- 
ance. Each partner wiD be able to 
determine the pace and content 
of its cooperation with NATO. 

by signing a standard framework 
document at NATO and thereby 

A Crackdown Roih Jakarta ’s Waters 

H ONG KONG — Tuesday’s 
derision by President Su- 
harto, 73, to close Indonesia’s 
three best-known weekly maga- 
zines has startled the nation and 
lengthened the list of questions 
about the direction of Indone- 
sian politics and the outcome of 
the eventual succession. Mr. Su- 
harto’s term expires in 1998. 

The move comes dose behind 
strikes and anti-Chinese riots in 
the city of Medan, and the much 
publicized Bapindo banking 
scandal, which has touched for- 
mer senior ministers. There are 
no direct links betwen the three 
events, but all concern the intri- 
cate problems of succession and 
the need for and problems of a 
more open society. 

They also affect Indonesia's 
international reputation as it 
continues to open its economy. 

One of the three banned 
publications was Tempo, a 
prosperous, glossy newsmaga- 
zine that had survived for 23 
years and established a strong 
reputation. Tempo had come 
to symbolize the values of the 
urban middle class, which has 
grown rapidly in receni years. 

Another casualty of the 
crackdown, the tabloid DeTik, 
bad come from nowhere to a 
claimed circulation of 400,000 
in little over a year, thanks to 
scoops on government division 
and corrupt officials. 

Magazines have been the cut- 
ting edge of liberalization in In- 
donesia. a snappy contrast to 
the generally stodgy daily pa- 
pers. None of them could be 
described as radical or even 

By Philip Bo wring 

populist. They were produced 
by and to a large extent for the 
elite, which has no fundamental 
problems with Indonesia's eco- 
nomic system or with its eclectic 

under whk^Se^unity of the 
state takes precedence over ide- 
ology and religion. 

However, as the elite gets big- 
ger, President Suharto gets old- 
er, and old loyalties wither. 
Jockeying for power is on the 
rise, along with competition for 
the spoils of development. 

The imm ediate occasion for 
the demise of Tempo centered 
on the purchase by Research 
and Technology Minister b. J. 
Habibie of 39 old East German 
vessels to modernize the navy. 
Mr. Habibie is personally close 
to Mr. Suharto, and spearheads 
a quasi-political association of 
Muslim intellectuals. An ambi- 
tious German-trained aeronau- 
tical engineer, he is also a free- 
spending economic nationalist. 

Mr. Habibie is at odds with 
economic technocrats such as 
Finance Minister Mariie Mu- 
hammad, who have no local po- 
litical base but lots of clout via 
international financial, institu- 
tions, and man y in the army, 
who distrust his use of religion 

erals were also miff ed that Mr. 
Habibie was so involved in mili- 
tary procurement. Mr- Habibie 
undoubtedly Feels he has been 
unfairly treated by the press. 

In a recent speech. President 

Suharto defended Mr. Habibie 
on the ship issue, and he has 
lashed out at thepress for caus- 
ing dissension. For now, other 
media will heed the warning. 
Ministers will appear obedient. 
But petulance may have over- 
taken the president's normal 
political finesse. Instead of 
keeping everyone off balance; 
be has taken sides. 

The attack on Tempo has em- 
phasized the splits that all know 
exist. And by appearing to come 
to the rescue of Mr. Habibie, the 
president has strengthened the 
argument of those who say that 
w'thout Mr. Suharto, Mr. Habi- 
bie is not a serious contender. 

The ultimate problem with 
the media cl am pd own may be 
to dose the one aspect of “open- 
ness” that had come, about as 
promised. Formal politics, via 
parties and Parliament, is still 
largely moribund, so the media 
have provided a window on to- 
day’s world and tomorrow's 

The magazine bans will not 
be fatal to the media. Tempo t 
will likely re-emerge with a new* 
name and a new editor, just as 
a 1987 ban victim, the duly 
Sinar Harapan, resurfaced as 
Saura Pembaruau a few 
months later. Indonesan liber- . 
alizauon has always been a two . 
steps forward, one step back 
affair. Social pressures for 
opening remain strong. 

But it is a blow; not least to 
the self-esteem of (to adopt the 
late President Sukarno's aogan) 
Jakarta’s New Emerging Gasses. 

International Herald Tribune. 

subscribing to the shared goals 
and values that underpin the 
Partnership — the preservation 
of democratic societies, their free- 
dom from coercion and intimid*- 
tion, and the maintenance of the 
principles of international law. - 
The next step is for a country to 
submit its own national “Presen- 
tation Document” fisting the 
steps it has taken or wifi trice to 
promote public transparency in 
its national defense p lanning and 
budgeting processes, and to en- 
sure the democratic control of its 
defease forces. The country also 
identifies the kind of military co- 
operation that interests it, and the 
military forces and resources that 
it might make available for Part- 
nership activities. The Partner- 
ship wiD evolve over time and 
encompass an increasing range of 
activities with NATO. - 
The third step is the develop- 
ment of an Incfividuri Partnership 
cratiye activities with NATO. Toe 
individual programs wiD be trans- 
parent to all partners, but none 
will have the right to interfere ' 
with any other’s program. 

Field exercises to promote 
peacekeeping cooperation and . 
military coordination wifi be a 
major aspect of Partnership for 
Peace. At least two field exercises 
this year and possibly a maritime 
exercise are being planned. These 
will improve the ability to work 
together in peacekeeping mis- 
sions in support of United Nar 
tions or CSCE decisions. The ex- 
ercises wifi serve, for example. 

to improve the compatibility of 
communications and operational , 
procedures There win be other 
activities in' areas such as crisis ' 
management and training. • 

Many partner countries are^t" 
taking tip an offer to rent perma- . 
nent officesat NATO headquar- ’ 
cere in Brussels, making it easier 
for them to participate in meet- -£* 
mgs and other activities. ' “ 

A Partnership coordination 
cell has been established at 
Mons, Belgium, to cany out the 
military coordination and plan- 
ning necessary for Partnership 
for Peace programs. < 

NATO is prepared to consult - 
With active participants if they 
perceive a direct threat to their ! 
territorial integrity, political inde- l 
pendence or security. This offer * 
hopefully wifi help to defuse future j 
crises .and contribute to stability in 
the Emopean-Atlantic area. 1 

Active participation in Part- 
nership for Peace wifi play an t 
important role in the evolution- ‘ 
ary process of the expansion of { 
NATO as envisaged by the Janu- 
ary summit meeting, taking into « 
account political and security de- » 
vdopments in all of Europe. The “• 
Partnership is not a substitute for i 
membership in NATO. 

The Partnership offers an op- 1 
portunity for progressively closer ; 
cooperation and ties with NATO. ; 
It is not directed against anv 
wwntry. NATO wifi make every 
effort to ensure that this endeavor 
succeeds, enhancing security and ■ 
stabihty m the interests of afl. ' 

International Herald Tribune. 




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IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS r|gg- 

1894: Lrteraiy Revolt 

BERLIN . — There is an interest- 
ing strike in sight. The disquietin g 
symptoms that the number of 
starving poets is continually de- 
creasing: has- inspired our theater 
directors with the philanthropic 
idea of reducing considerably the 
Aies paid to authors. In view of 
tins danger, a society of authors 
has been formed in order to boy- 
cott all the theaters which seek to 
ait down the authors* rights. . 

1919s A GcnnanTfies’ 

PARIS — At about tea minutes 

passed by the German delegates 
the message 
from Weimar announcing the 
Government’s decision. T^ e rat 
J° last, relieving the ten- 
sion with its unconditional arr^_ 
tance of the Allies’ ultinStS!^ 

1944*. Roosevelt Assailed 

CHICAGO — [From our 

' ■- •- 


cut down the authors* rights. . 10 

1919s A.Gcnnan Tfes’ 8 ? iled the 

PARIS — At about tea minutes pwsoaa? state^^V ^ Dewev? s 
to seven o’clock last evening — SSSSSW^lC 
255 days after the; Armistice — comei ^ be- 

gins boomed and sirens burroucraiv^S 18, Popping 

saerdsd, andjtosians undermined by 

thus informed Jhat Germany had fused KnwTSr?..? ? ow er, con- 

answered “yes" to the ultimatum 
presented to her and had decided 
to sign the Treaty of Peace. Many 
hoitre of acute nervousness were 

^ linesofTX con- 
tion ofrffol &!?’ du PBca- 

and an attitude P^ces 

wously unknown P»- 

m our history.’C^' 


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Fiske, the Clinton Shield, 
Is Hardly Independent 

Carnage Beneath the Morning Mist 

By William Safire 



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to Lead 

W ASHINGTON — “L only 
picked up the phone,” said 
the judge, not all that happy to be 
speaking to a columnist, “because 
the secretary is out to lunch and my 
clerk is in labor.” 

He is David B. Sen telle, presiding 
judge of the Independent Counsel 
Panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals, 
a Reagan appointee. Along with 
Judge John D. Butzncr Jr. (Kenne- 
dy- Johnson) and Joseph T. Sneed 
fNixon), Judge Sentelle will soon be 
faced with a momentous decision 
affecting the separation of powers 
and the Clinton presidency. 

After an 18-month lapse (thanks 
to George Bush's fear of an indepen- 
dent counsel looking into Iraqgate), 
the Independent Counsel Act has 
been resuscitated. Before the July 4 
recess, President Bill Clinton is ex- 
pected to keep his promise to sign it . 

Then Attorney General Janet 
Reno will go before the SemeUe 
panel to ask for the court to ap- 
point a prosecutor truly indepen- 
dent of the administration to take 
over the Whitewater investigation. 

( Republicans in Congress can force 
her to, under the act.) 

Rather than cite credible evidence 
that a federal crime has been com- 
mitted by the president, she is likely 
to simply declare her department in 
a political conflict of interest there- 
by turning authority for investiga- 
tion over, to the judicial branch. 

But what of Robert Fiske, whom 
she appointed special counsel under 
White House pressure 1 ? In January, 
she rightly complained that for a 
Clinton appointee to appoint coun- 
sel. “that does not make that person 
independent” She predicted that if 
the Independent Counsel Act were 
reborn, “there might be the possibil- 
ity for me to petition the court for 
the appointment of an independent 
counsel and the court might appoint 
even a third lawyer.” 

Sure enough, it has come to pass 
that Clinton appointee Fiske has 
conspired with Democrats in the 
see-nothing 103d Congress to con- 
tain the scandal, limiting congres- 
sional oversight to what he deter- 
mines the public may know. 

‘Fiske fix”; 

c may know, 
sed the act with the 
makes it posable for 

Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed “Learn to the 
EditaT' and contain die writer's 
signature, name and full address. 
Letters should be brief and an 
subject to editing. We cannot be 
responsible for die return of unso- 
licited manuscripts. 

the judicial panel to appoint Mr. 
Fiske to be independent counsel even 
though he is a government employee, 
which previous law prohibited. 

To grease the skids for this. Ms. 
Reno has assured Congress in writ- 
ing that Mr. Fiske could continue to 
investigate civil Whitewater matters 
as well as criminal if he is given 
the court's imprimatur. 

What a setup: The Democrats* 
favorite Republican prosecutor pro- 
vides Democrats in Congress cover 
for stonewalling hearings; the Dem- 
ocratic majority puts through the 
“Fiske fix”; the Clinton AG asks the 
court panel to legitimize the lawyer 
chosen for her by former White 
House counsel Bernard Nussbaum. 

The purpose of my call to the 
judge was to find out if his panel still 
exists, in light of the act’s lapse. 
“We’re ongoing,” he informed me, 
“grandfathered by the need to su- 
pervise previously appointed inde- 
pendent counsel.” 

I asked if bis panel would rubber- 
stamp the Fiske fix; that was when 
he gave me the brush, talking about 
his clerk in labor. 

The judicial branch should not 
accept direction from the legislative 
branch to appoint counsel chosen by 
the executive branch. That would 
defeat the entire purpose of the leg- 
islation, which is to assure public 
perception of total independence. 

What about continuity of Mr. 
Fiske’s investigation? Let the court 
appoint true independent counsel; 
let the new prosecutor keep Mr. 
Fiske on for the civil side and add 
to the present staff. Continuity plus 

That would defeat the Democrat- 
ic strategy to block bipartisan con- 
gressional oversight The Senate ma- 
jority leader. George Mitchell, and 
House Speaker Tom Foley are taint- 
ing their entire careers with this par- 
tisan passion to contain the scandal 
by tightly controlling hearings. 

Their use of Mr. Fiske as a shield 
against disclosure of wrongdoing 
shows bow one-party control of gov- 
ernment can corrupt the democratic 
process. Senator Mitchell apparent- 
ly wants a circus atmosphere in the 
Banking Committee, where Demo- 
crats dominate by 11 to eight, with 
the Keating Five chairman, Don 
Riegle, gavehng down A1 D’ Amato 
for daring to ask questions about 
matters that Mr. Fiske and Demo- 
crats deem out of public view until 
after the 1996 elections. 

The place to stop this stonewall- 
ing deal is in the Independent Coun- 
sel Panel of the Court of Appeals. 

The New York Times. 

7f> hind of a trickle-up policy — 

you’re supposed to pass it along,’ 

tS> w 

M ELBOURNE — Overshad- 
owed by the Allied landing in 
Normandy SO years ago and the 
drama of the opening of the second 
from in Europe, the U.S- Navy and 
Marines almost simultaneously 
breached the key line of Japanese 
defenses in tile Mariana Islands in 
the central Pacific, sank most of the 
Japanese Navy and established the 
air bases from which to bomb Japan 
and speed the end of the war. 

Just as the Normandy landing 
marked the beginning of the end for 
Hitler's Germany, the assault on 
Saipan drove the Japanese to suicid- 
al desperation in a last vain attempt 
to salvage something — honor, per- 
haps — from the wreckage of long 
years of fighting. 

On the afternoon of June 14, 
1944, 6,000 miles (9,600 kilometers) 
west of the U.S. mainland and 1,600 
miles southeast of Tokyo, 64 Ameri- 
can landing ships stretched out in 
two long lines across a leaden Pacif- 
ic. On their flanks were the destroy- 
ers escorting the two divisions of 
marines who were about to make the 
assault landing. 

The final prdnvasion bombard- 
ment of Saipan, a small, jungle-cov- 
ered island, began with the whole 
fleet broadside on. The battleships 
Maryland and Colorado opened up 
with their giant 16-incb guns, while 
the Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Cali- 
fornia, New Mexico, Mississippi 
and Idaho did so with 14-inch mam 

Bv Denis Warner rifles and captured American car- 

• kinne t hnri nvon*i/ 4 ntr k jr tf 


Condemn These KiDers 

I have just returned from a visit to 
the Rwandan-Tanzanian border 
area, where hundreds of thousands 
of Rwandan refugees are gathered in 
miserable conditions. “Home” here 
is genera&y a patched- up affair of 
grass and twigs covered by a plastic 
sheet donated by the United Na- 
tions High Commissioner for Refu- 
gees. Toilets are mere holes in the 
ground, again covered by plastic 
sheets. When the hole fills up. you 
simply dig another. 

If yon ask an official what can be 
done to improve life in the camp, 
you are told not to rock the boat — 
“they are used to these conditions." 
Anyone who has any faith in man- 
land would do well to stay away. 

Meanwhile; the world just watches 
as the killing continues and floating 
bodies contaminate the rivers. Impo- 
tent appeals go out to leaders on both 
sides to stop the killing, only to be 
ignored, as in ex-Yugoslavia. 

But as in the past, when the fight- 
ing stops, someone will propose that 
those same leaders receive a peace 
prize of some sort for deriding to 
stop the killing of their own people. 

1 would suggest that people all 
over the world stage trials in public 
squares and charge the leaders of 
Rwanda and Yugoslavia, in absen- 
tia, with crimes against humanity 
and declare them unfit to hold any 
public office or to appear before any 
international gathering. 


Tel Aviv. 

Majestic but Uninteresting 

Regarding the report “A Proper. 
Mostly Majestic , U.S. Welcome" 
l June 16): 

It is disconcerting to see a serious 
newpaper gram so much space to 
the Ll.S. visit of the emperor and 
empress of Japan. These people are 
symbolic and hold no political pow- 
er; they are vestiges of another era. 



Tbe UnbypocriticaJ Truth 

Regarding " Correct , Hypocritical 
and Irrelevant" (Meanwhile, June IS) 
by Warren Brown: 

As a European I tip my hat — not 
once, but several tiroes — to Warren 

Brown, who has dared NOT to say 
the hypocritically correct thing but 
just to speak the truth. 



Without Rob on Their Side 

Regarding “ And the Winner Will 
Be? The Pick Here Is Brazil ( Sports , 
June 17) by Rob Hughes: 

The beautiful thing about Rob 
Hughes's prediction that Brazil will 
win the World Cup is that he doesn't 
even mention the Dutch. Perhaps he 
cannot forgive them (or keeping 
England out of the Cup. Which is all 
to the good There is a hoodoo about 
Rob's predictions. The only way 
Brazil can lift the trophy now is if 
the Brazilian coach gets a Robbie 
doll and sticks pins into it 

The Dutch, on the other hand, do 
not have Rob on their ride. They 
have slipped into the United States 
without the glare of publicity. Maybe 
Rob hasn't noticed. So, say it again, 
Rob — about Brazil, I mean. I'D send 
you a bottle of Rols Genever and 
some Gouda when it’s all over. 


- . Singapore. 

batteries. They were joined by 6 
heavy cruisers. 5 light cruisers 
and 26 destroyers. 

Saipan was’ crucially important, 
for it was from there that, for the 
first time, the new American B-29 
bombers would be able to mount 
regular raids to Tokyo and the Japa- 
nese heartland. 

The island's capital. Garapan. in- 
habited by native Chamorros, Oki- 
nawans and Japanese, was on the 

T94^ PAQFkT ^994 ~ 

west coast, 2 miles north of Charon 
Kanoa, which before the bombard- 
ment must have been a lovely vil- 
lage, with comfortable Japanese- 
style houses along avenues of flame 
trees and bougainvillea. 

But now both Garapan and 
Chantn Kanoa were burning. We 
were Car enough out to sea for the 
fires to resemble lights twinkling in 
the houses along the shore. In the 
dawn, smoke lay softly against the 
uplands like an early morning mist. 
Saipan could hardly have seemed 
more peaceful. 

The appearance did not last. 
When the marines and their am- 
phibious tanks crossed the island's 
protective reef, the Japanese met 
them with a hail of fire. Six waves of 
American trams clambered ashore. 

And so the battle began. 

As the fighting went on over com- 
ing days and weeks, the once green 
island became a bowl of fine, off- 
white dust Tanks and trucks were 
enveloped in an eerie fog. Marines 
peered darkly through layers of grime 
at stomach-turning scales. Among 
the burned -out farm houses, cattle 
lay dead. Only the long-nosed Saipan 
pigs thrived in the filth and honor, 
growing fat among h uman corpses. 

On July 6, Yasuko Oguro. a 16- 
y ear-old Japanese girl, took shelter 
in a cave near the north end of the 
island with other frightened young 
children, including some of her 
brothers and sisters. (Years later, 
when my wife and I were working on 
a book. “The Sacred Warriors: A 
History of the Kamikaze Corps,” we 
met Ms. Oguro in Japan. She was 
among a small group of Japanese 
survivors of the Saipan fighting.) 

In the cave, workers from a Japa- 
nese navy supply depot were busy 
sharpening bamboo sticks into 
spears. Orderlies in the flickering 
half-light of hurricane lamps distrib- 
uted hand grenades to the wounded. 
Clasping toe grenades to their stom- 
achs, they blew themselves to bits. 

As midnight approached, the Jap- 
anese gathered outside the cave for a 
last banzai charge. Some men had 

rules ana capturea American car- 
bines. Most nad grenades. Others 
used blood-stained bandages to 
strap bayonets to pieces of drift- 
wood, or armed themselves with 
clubs and even stones. The officers 
had swords and pistols and the 
sharpened sticks. 

Of the garrison's 48 tanks, all but 
three bad been knocked out. These 
were pressed into service. 

Shortly before dawn. Admiral 
Chuicbi Nagumo. commander of 
what by then was the almost nonex- 
istent Japanese Central Pacific 
Fleet, led his men into battle. 

The U.S. Army outposts were tak- 
en by surprise. Some patrols had 
been out early in the night, but they 
had long since returned. Before the 
outposts were fully awake, 300 Japa- 
nese officers and 5,000 men burst 
into the American from line and 
swept through it almost unopposed. 

U.S. battalions broke up in disor- 
der. Dozens of American soldiers 
were killed or fled from the beaches 
across the reef and into the sea. 
More than a hundred were picked 
up by destroyers at daylight. 

Along the narrow-gauge railway 
once used to carry sugar cane to a 
mill at Charan Kanoa. more than 
4,000 Japanese lay dead. Almost 
without exception, the officers had 
committed ritual hara-kiri with 
hand grenades. Many troops seemed 
to have ended the charge in the same 
way. their bodies blown apart. 

The Americans buried 29,000 Jap- 
anese troops; their own losses were 
3,225 killed. 

Most of the Americans thought 
the banzai charge was the climax of 
the battle. They were mistaken. 

The next day, something even 
more horrific occurred. Almost all 
the remaining Japanese soldiers, 
sailors and civilians, including wom- 
en and children, took poison, killed 
themselves with grenades or threw 
themselves over the cliff at Marpi 
Point, on Saipan's northern tip. 

One Japanese family — a father, 
mother, son and two daughters — 
appeared an a rock platform high 
above the sea. First the father took 
off his coat and knelt, his wife be- 
hind him. Shortly afterward, he rose 
and without a word threw the small- 
er girl, 5 or 6 years old, into the sea. 
Then he, his wife, his son and the 
remaining daughter jumped off the 
cliff after her. 

The sea around the point was so 
ihick with the dead that a small U.S. 
ship sent to investigate kept running 
into bodies. 

The writer, editor of Asia-Pacific 
Defense Reporter magazine, covered 
the Saipan battle as an Australian ; 
war correspondent. He contributed 
this account to the International. Her- 
ald Tribune. 

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A Hefty 

of Movie Festivals for Paris, When It Sizzles 

By Joan Dupont 

P ARI S' — There is a funny scene in 
Nanni Moretti's “Dear Diary" 
showing what’s on Roman screens 
m the summer — a toss-up be- 
tween soft pom and wilted reruns. In Paris, 
where programming is an an. Moreiti 
would not go hungry. You can hardly go 
wrong in a city that has declared this ■‘Fnu: 
Lang Year." There is a festival called “10 
Grands Westerns, La Legeade," a program 
title d “Bad Girrrls." (with the accent on the 
grrr), featuring the work of young Ameri- 
can filmmakers; “Tutto Fellini" and even a 
sampling of Nanni Moretti films. The 
American Center is r unning a prosram 
called “Banned in the l 1 . S. A..*' 'and 
French distributors who fed that their films 
are virtually locked out of the United States 
have come up with ingenious programming 
to heat up interest in native fare. 

Yann Beauvais, head of film and video 
programming at the American Center has 
imported most of “Banned in the U. S. A" 

from Steve Seid’s Pacific Film Archive in 
Berkeley. California. Strictly speaking, 
not all die films were banned, but Beau- 
vais aims to show a diverse and provoca- 
tive program that reflects on French 3S 
well as American skittishness: 

“We added Jean Genet's ‘Un chant d'a- 
mour’ (1950), a poetic film on homosex- 
uality banned in France for 21 years." he 
says. Genet's 20-minute black-and-white 
film was adapted from his first novel, ‘Our 
Lady of the Flowers.' an erotic fantasy 
written in prison. “When it was shown in 
New York in the '60s. police raided the 
movie house: when it was shown on the 
Berkeley campus, police threatened to 
confiscate the prim." 

“ixe" (1980). by Lionel SouJcaz. is "3 
scandalous film for the '80s that shows boys 
making love and shoo ring up.” says Beau- 
vais. "It was X-rated under Discard d’Es- 
taing: Jack Lang de-Xed it. 

Not all the films are made of such 
strong stuff. Otto Preminger's 1953 "The 
Moon Is Blue," was a harmless comedy. 

but words like “virgin" and “seduce" and 
promises of worse to come sent alarms 
ringing at the censors’ board. Preminger 
brought the movie out anyway. Catholic 
groups intimidated theater owners, “just 
as pressure groups managed to get Efims 
like Godard's “Je vous Salue Marie" off 
screens in France and the U. S., n Beauvais 
points out. 

Roberto Rossellini's “The Miracle" 
(1943) was an historic case: Federico Fel- 
lini wrote the story; he also played a 
bearded tramp to Anna Magnani’s peas- 
ant woman who takes him for Saint Jo- 
seph. Cardinal Spellman and New York’s 
Lesion of Decency charged the film as 
blasphemous; it provoked boycotts, pick- 
et lines and bomb threats. The case went 
to the Supreme Court where the argument 
that censorship of motion pictures violat- 
ed free expression won out. Elia Kazan’s 
"Pinky" (2949), about a light-skinned 
black woman who moves south and finds 
herself rejected by two worlds “excited 
hysteria when it was shown in the South," 
savs Beauvais. The case also went to the 

/ / / If & l I £ 6 If £ £ 

Lea Patrlotes 

Directed by Eric Rochant. 

Ariel (Yvan Altai) has left his 
family in Paris to become an 
undercover agent in Israel. 
After Four years of basic 
training, he is assigned to the 
Mossad. and to his first mis- 
sions in Paris. His shadow 
life is not vety exciting: He 
sits in the wings and engi- 
neers set-ups. blackmailing 
Remy, a research scientist 
(Jean- Francois Steven in j. 
Marie-CIaude (Sandrine 
Kim ber lain), a call girl who 
proves to be the undoing of 
Remy, is the best thing that 
happens to Ariel. Detached 
from his old world, he visits 
his own life like a spy. going 
to see his sister (Christine 
Pascal) and casing her apart- 
ment as if he might find some 
clue to ins lost humanity. Al- 
tai who looks like Dustin 
Hoffman, gives one of those 
minimalis t performances — 
eyes burning face clammed 
shut — that goes with his job. 
displaying more boredom 
than anguish. The real mys- 
tery is why he ever wanted to 
join the Mossad. Rochant. 
who has always been interest- 
ed in the odd man out sews a 
postmodern web of disillu- 
sion around a musty scene. 
After 2 hours, 22 minutes of 
demystification, the game's 
up and you’ve been watching 
one those Cold War thrillers 
— where the shots are fired 
offscreen, and nobody wins. 

(Joan Dupont. 1HT) 

Bed Boy Bubby 

Directed by Rolf De Heer. 
Australia/ Italy 

We’ve seen it all before, in 
“Tommy" and “The Enigma 
of Kaspar Hauser" and 
“Rainman.” The gifted, 
stunted man-child who sets 

*.* I 

iL’&sr i 


Eric Rochant. director of “ Les Pat riot es. " 

out into the world, buoyed 
and betrayed by his naivete 
and common sense. Yet “Bad 
Boy Bubby" somehow man- 
age* to stand on its own as a 
successful interpretation of a 
well-wrought genre. Bubby is 
a (hinyso me thing little boy 
whose universe consists of a 
dreary basement apparimem 
in which he is imprisoned 
and abused by a sadistic, in- 
cestuous mother. After kill- 
ing his mother and his errant 
father. Bubby wanders 
through the post-industrial 
world of rural Australia, 
where he is fondled, mugged, 
ridiculed, and ultimately ar- 
rested. Linguistically de- 
prived. Bubby lends to repeat 
the sounds and phrases that 
he hears on the street, be they 
a policeman's warning, a 
drunken man's obscenities, 
or a cat’s snarl. As a human, 
childlike parrot, Bubby is un- 
able to provide for himself or 
even to communicate with 

his strange new world. Then, 
in a twist of events that could 
only make sense in a modem 
age fable, be finds his range 
— and his fortune — as a cult 
singer in a rock band. Nicho- 
las Hope is brilliant as the 
child hostage turned adult 
outcast turned ageless proph- 
et. And Rolf De Heer’s fast- 
paced direction make this 
fairy tale into an electrically 
entertaining and almost be- 
lievable story. 

(Ken Shuinun IHT) 

Alma’s Rainbow 

Directed by Ayoka Chenzira. 

Alma Gold (Kim Weston- 
Moran), the title character of 
Ayoka Cbenzira’s good-hu- 
mored coming-of-age film, 
“Alma's Rainbow," is the 
straitlaced owner of a beauty 
parlor who lives with her ad- 
olescent daughter, Rainbow 
(Victoria GabrieUa Platt). 

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The daughter, who attends a 
strict parochial school and 
studies dance, is just becom- 
ing aware of boys. Although 
Alma has no dearth of suit- 
ors, she has fooled herself 
into believing she has out- 
grown the need for male 
companionship. And she 
sternly advises her daughter 
to follow her example and 
keep men at a distance Their 
austere life is disrupted when 
Alma’s, sister, Ruby (Mizan 
Nunes) appears out of the 
blue for an extended visit 
Ruby is everything her sister 
is noL A flamboyantly sexy 
nightclub performer with a 
trunk full of glittering cos- 
tumes, she has been making 
her living in Paris as a Jose- 
phine Baker imitator. Al- 
though Ruby’s time has 
passed, she is too proud to 
admit it, and she still puts on 
the airs of an international 
star who is between engage- 
ments. Using her wiles, she 
inveigles the neighborhood's 
pompous undertaker into 
shuttling her to auditions in 
his bearse. To Alma's dis- 
may, Ruby takes Rainbow 
under her wing and stimu- 
lates the girl's nascent show- 
business ambitions. “Alma's 
Rainbow" is a hip urban sit- ' 
com with sepia-toned flash- 
backs. Although the screen- 
play largely transcends 
television formulas, the char- 
acters verge on being stock 
comic types. In its affection 
for them and in its robust 
evocation of an black urban 
milieu, “Almas Rainbow" 
recalls Spike Lee's first film,. 
“She’s Gotta Have II” The' 
heart of the movie is the 
struggle between the self- 
righteously prudish Alma 
and the fiamingly free-spirit- 
ed Ruby for Rainbow's re- 
spect The movie makes no 
bones about being on Ruby's 

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Supreme Court where it benefited by the 
court’s ruling in favor of “The Miracle.” 

Maurice Tincbanl, a publicist and inde- 
pendent producer and distributor, has con- 
cocted "Coup d’etk" a program of seven 
first films, made is France, to be re-re- 
leased with English subtitles for summer 
audiences. Tmchant, who produced Jac- 
ques Rivette’s two-pan “Jeanne la pucelle" 
also distributed “Les Geos nonnaux n’orii 
rien d'exceptionneT (Normal People are 
Nothing Special), an unexpected hit by 
Laurence Ferreira Barbosa. 

“Coup d’fete" will be shown on the 
Champs- Elystes and the operation also 

extends to the provinces. The program 
includes comedies like Marion Vemoux’s 
“Personae ne m’aime” and Philippe Lior- 
et’s “TomWs du del" and more somber 
films like Agnes Merlot's “Le Fils du 
requin" about juvenile delinquents. 

The case of “Les Gens nonnaux" actual- 
ly is exceptional: “The film came out in 
November, which meant it got talked about 
and won prizes, the actress won a C6sar — 
all that gave it a boost,” says Tmchant 

“But every year, nearly a quarter of the 
movies made arc fust films — 40 this year 
—and only about 10 of them do welL" 

■ Chantal Poupaudis another champion 
of independent cinema who has come up 
with a good packaging idea: She asked . 
nine filmmaicew to make an hour-length 
movie about their adolescence, illustrated 
by the music of the period. The result is a 
. series that will be shown, on Arte, the 
Franco-German cultural network, from 
October to Christmas; certain of these 
films evolved into full-length _ features 
shown at Gannes and other festivals and 
are being released in theaters this summer 
— Andrfi Tdchine’s “Les Roseau* sal- 
vages,” OKviex Assay as' s *TEau froide” 
and Cfcdric Kahn’s “Trop de bonheur.” 

T HE series, produced by Georges 
Benayotm, is called “Toils les 
garcons et les fffies de.leur age” 
after a popular song of the ’60s 
and each film has a party scene. .. . 

“The idea was to do 10 films that would 
span the decades from the start of rock'd* 

roll trough 

thought tt would be mteres^ ^ 
directors of dtffe*® 1 yvc d ?way* 

— family, . d , Vtm drnri 

been fascinated by wlevwon^ ; L i 

why French diR^ ^^jr usual 
thought, tfl let ^ whv wouldn't 
teams, in Super 16 

they want to mate nims tor • ^ ^ 

fhe incentive was ite ^^^ unilv to 
!ow-budgd concept ftce: 

use aD the music they wanted 

Poupaud's son Yaiol is a m 

up the deal wath Sony- ^ 

director improvised on the -hOs near 

drini returned to to lycfe of J* 1 ® ■ ' ^n_ 
Toulouse,' his party scene lasts "f 
utes; Assayas film ed lyceens of t * ■ ' , 
the Paris suburbs to a musical dehnum uux ^ 
goes on for 45 minutes. . . 

Poupaud's next theme 
women. The title: “Tonies les femmes 

sont foiles." 

Joan Diqxmt is a Paris-based writer spe- 
cializing in the arts. 

Papua New Guinea by Dugout 

By Ann Gibbons 

A MBUNTL Papua New Guinea 
— A small group of villagers 
stood by the side of the grass 
airstrip as our single-engine 
plane set down in this settlement on the 
banks of the Sepik River in Papua New 
Guinea. No sooner had we climbed out of 
the plane than our Australian pilot 
dropped our bags on the grass, spun the 
plane around and took off. We soon knew 
why: The mosquitoes had descended on 
us like vultures on a fresh kill. 

As we slathered on mosquito repellent 
and rolled down our sleeves, the villagers 
chuckled. This was not the kind of adven- 
ture my husband and I had in mind when 
we made our plans to explore the Sepik. 
one of the great rivers of the world, which 
is to Papua New Guinea as the Amazon is 
to Brazil. Much to our relief, a slender 
New Guinean soon stepped forward to 
help us, saying “Ann, Arm?” with a pidgin 
English accent This was our guide, Abra- 
ham Laklom, and be quickly led us past a 
few huts to the river bank. There, he 
pointed to the 30-foot (9-meter) dugout 
canoe with an outboard motor that was to 
be our cruise boat for the next three days. 

Abraham unfolded two child-sized 
chairs, placed them one behind the other 
in the canoe and beckoned us to climb in 
for a sunset cruise upstream. He slapped a 
wad of mud on a slow leak in the floor and 
tugged on the motor’s starter cord, and we 
were soon slicing through the brown wa- 
ters of the upper Sepik — with cool 
breezes on our faces and, mercifully, out 
of range of the mosquitoes. We sat back in 
our chairs and began to take in the scenery 
— thatched huts buDt on stilts on the river 
banks, men’s “spirit houses” with fear- 
some carved figures guarding the doors, 
and dugout canoes with prows in the 
shape or crocodile heads. 

As the setting sun tinged the river’s water 
gold, a few fires began to light up along the 
shore, and we caught glimpses of people 
finishing their day’s work. Women were 
washing the starchy pith of the sago palm in 
baskets at the water’s edge, while men 
stood on wooden platforms above the fires, 
chewing betd nut and spitting the red juice 
on the ground. Children bobbed in the 
water, waving and calling out “Apinun. 
apinun" (pidgin for “Good afternoon”). 

T HE Light was fading when we 
beached on the muddy shore of 
one village, where we could see 
the silhouettes of men nibbing 
hot charcoal onto a cedar log. Abraham 
introduced us to the men. who were 
dressed in Western clothes; but several 
had holes in their ear lobes the size of wine 
corks, and patterns of raised scars on their 
chests. They were friendly and eager to 
show us how they were making the log 
into a canoe, but these markings from 
initiation riles reminded us of their heri- 
tage as warriors and headhunters. 

Ever since I had read Margaret Mead’s 
vivid descriptions of “the pace of life in a 
cannibal tribe” in the Sepik in the 1930s, I 
had wanted to travel there to meet these 
people. 1 also was drawn by their art. hav- 
ing seen collections in museums in the 
United Stales of the carved masks, shields, 
musical instruments and figures that were 
once used in ceremonies to celebrate a spirit 
world Of ancestors and animal bangs. 

We chose to travel by dugout canoe 
because we wanted to explore the river’s 

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tauunaiintuJ HoaW Tribun 

tributaries and lakes, where the villages 
are smaller, friendlier and less visited. The 
wide, fast-moving Sepik River is the major 
highway of the region, and we had heard 
that some of the tribes living along the 
well-traveled sections of the middle and 
lower river were dour from too much ex- 
posure to Westerners. 

We began our trip in Ambunti. 475 
miles north of Port Moresby, where we 
stayed at the simple but clean Ambunti 
Lodge after our sunset tour upriver. ' 

The next morning we were up and in 
our canoe early, but the river already was 
bustling with fife. We glided past canoes 
paddled by women returning from mar- 
ket, taxi canoes carrying 8 to 10 people, 
and mini canoes maneuvered by children 
who were out fishing. When we spied an 
interesting-lookmg village, such as Kor- 
ogo and Kanganaman in the middle Se- 
pdt, Abraham would tie up the canoe 
alongside a series of the villagers’ canoes, 
and we’d clamber over them to shore. 

The first destination was usually the 
haus tambaran, or spirit house, where the 
men gather to carve wooden artifacts, to 
talk and to relax in the shade. Historically, 
women have been barred from . these 
houses, where the men undergo their se- 
cret initiation rites. But the rule is bent for 
Western women, because these houses 
also serve as galleries where the men dis- 
play and sdl their carvings, which are now 
made primarily for tourists. 

■ No Excuses Sportswear, winch 
knows how to make a buck, on the 
backs of scandal-tainted women, 
has apparently selected Paula Jones as 
its pinup girl, says The 
Washington Post. No Excuses does 
have its standards, however. 

Recently, the company turned down 
Tonya Harding because it was 
looting to upgrade its image. 

After spending the morning exploring 
villages along the middle Sepik, Abraham 
„ turned our canoe south into a narrow chan- 
. rid that; flows into the less Traveled C ham - 
bri Lakes region. This was the highlight of 
the trip. As we pressed farther downstream, 
the foliage became mare dense and the 
' birds more numerous. We Fl ushed out flock 
after flock of herons,, egrets and cormo- 
rants, which swooped gracefully out. in 
front erf our bow.Tree frogs chirp«xl ihyth- 
mkally as we skimmed along. At the end of 
this hypnotic three-hourjourney wi armed 
at Chambri Lake, where we were to stay in 
Walindinri, a village at the foot of a lush 
hillside, where tbe mist was rising from the 
treetops when we landed/' j 

T HE next morning, we moved ‘on 
to Tambanum along the middle 
Sepik, where the people are re-. 
nowned for their carvings and 
where Margaret Mead had lived for some 
time. We were indeed impressed by the 
Tambanum masks, and the villagers there 
showed us the rite where “Miss Marga- 
ret’s” house had been (now overtaken -by 
the river). But they were more jaded tljan 
the people of the Chambri Lakes who bad 
not had their fill of westerners — yet. The 
bonus, however, was that the guest house 
across the river from Tambanum turned 
out to be luxurious by Sepik standards! it 
had a shower and a large porch where xve 
could sit in wicker chairs and watch the 
canoes on the river, as we sipped sodas 
and found relief from the hot sun. ’ 
Finally, oar adventure ended with a 
short canoe ride back up the river to 
Timbunke, where we pulled up on shore 
right beside another grass airstrip. As we 
took off in the same single-engine plane 
waving goodbye to Abraham and Rich-" 
ard, I realized there was onlv one parr of 
the trip I would not miss — the mosqui- 
toes. But there was no escaping them: 
They were on board with us. * 

13 eon0 1 blttin S correspnr.. 

wrote this for 

The Hew York Times. i 





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International Herald Tribune 
Friday, June 24, 1994 
Page 9 

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"Code Sharing’: What No One Tells You 

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Portofino: A Postcard 
Dotted With Yachts 


_____ By Paul Hofmann 

~~~~ New York Tuna Service 

P ORTOFINO, Italy — Several 
years ago, a few of the Italians 
ensconced in villas on Portofino’s 
green slopes, from which they 
5 eo ^ could see their yachts down at the marina, 
3 i’„ j, wens in the Inbit of sending their helicop- 

ters to Genoa, 15 miles to the northwest 
every morning to fetch the newspapers 
from Milan and Turin in time for breakfast. 

- TTie rotor noise irked other guests of 
: « : -st :• .Portofino, so in 1991 the municipal counaL 

: — — _ representing the little harbor town’s 650 

* • year-round residents, banned all choppers 

from its vast territory. And thus ended air 
N=.'i 'P£jt w service to one of the most elegant resorts 
along the Italian Riviera. 

More recently, the ancient town wel- 
: corned another, noiseless, means of trans- 

■’ portation that added a new dimension to a 

J Portofino holiday: a sightseeing submarine, 

-.r- tp-., . Tritone 2, a 56-foot (17-meter) long, 106- 

'lon craft with a crew of two, since March 
1993 has taken as many as 46 paying pas- 
_ " - ' ^ seng&s 150 feet below the surface of the sea 

- . off the rocky peninsula. Large portholes 

js’ permit the observation of underwater flora 

■■ — . and faiTn« ) floodlighted by the submarine, 

-■ • ' The sheltered natural deep-water harbor 

— ; — — _ at the southeastern tip of the square; hilly 

peninsula was called Forms Ddphini, or 
dolphin’s harbor, by the ancient Romans. 
- ...ei: 1 — whence the name Portofino. 

> - r: '• _~' r T u ' *^ ie facatfcs of the old fishermen’s dwdl- 
- m ings, in fatted yellow, ocher, brown or blue, 

- are all are designated as historic landmarks. 
... : ; ipffl- • Nobody would suspect that the interiors 
"J ' bave long been gutted and restructured into 

v ** ’small, smart apartments for people who live 

: -’-i " elsewhere most of the tune. 

si?* - in Portofino as elsewhere along the Ital- 
1 ian Riviera, seafood dominates the moms, 

. 'although most of the products come from 

,V; far away by refrigerator truck or air be- 

cause the sea off Liguria has long been 
* overfished, and to a great extent is poliut- 
;! - ed A regional specialty is pesto as garnish 
- -ii :*- 1 ■ for pasta dishes. The green sauce contains 

olive oil, basil and other herbs., garlic, 
pecorino or Parmesan cheese, and finely 
- ' ground pane nuts. Among the Ligurian 

..’-Y’j wines, mostly whites, the vintages grown 
; e In the rocky Cinque Terre are particularly 

J/- recommended. 

*■. '7-^'rv The elegant eating places around the 
. T; ” harbor and piazzetta of Portofino are 

. ; ' -Vi • feood and expensive. One of the best is 
' TTdfino, on the Piazza Martin defl’Oli- 
'.'.Vie ■ vetta, reccntiyrefurbished by the veteran 

/'V 2 - '-restaurateur Carmelo Carluzzo with 
Whitewashed walls, modem paintings, a 
~ - 7 '”' . ^: '' black-and-white pavement and stylish 

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: f.v - chairs. Try the scanmi and risottos. Pitos- 

- -jTT'orr ' foro. on Molo Umberto I, has a lofty 

' r- 77 ' : • veranda overlooking the marina. Dinner 

: for two, with wine is $100 to $130. 

* • :r . " ,i ICgh above the port, on the crest of the 

:.«• -promcHitory, a white flag with a red cross 

- " >L " on a tall pole was fluttering in the breeze. It 

'■ -f t ., : - Is POrtofino’s St. George’s Cross (the same 

[, - one that, together with the crosses of St 

t n r \ - Andrew and St. Patrick, appears an the 
-? ^^.5 . Union Jade). The at|acem parish church of 
i ^Portofino treasures what is bdieved to be a 
^ ' ;»-Tefic oS St George, England’s patron saint 
- r v- The British have since the- Middle Ages 

- •. -• shown .a particular Hiring for Portofino. 

:1~- "'7- King Richard the Limi-Hearted of England 

sail ed from here in 1190. for the Third 
Crusade. And, mu ch more recently, distin- 
^ guished Britons, Hke the Earl of Carnavon, 

have bought properties on (he peninsula. 

The vistas from the height of the prom- 
ontory are spectacular. On dear days one 
can see as far as the Capo delle Mele. a 
cliff 60 miles (100 kilometers) west of 
Genoa and the resorts and hills along the 
Gulf of Rapallo to the easL 

After visiting the Church of SL George, 
some visitors proceed on a footpath for 
half an hour to the lighthouse to take in 
the vistas of the sea and of the Gulf of 
Rapallo with the fantastically rugged 
Cinque Terre coast at its eastern end. 
Cinque Terre means “five lands” — five 
little fishing and wine-growing villages in 
as many coves separated from the rest of 
the mainland and from each other by 
steep cliffs and ridges. 

If you like trekking, t«lfg the marked 
path from Portofino to the andent fishing 
port and abbey of San Fruttuoso on the 
south tide of the square-shaped peninsula. 
The distance as the seagull flies is barely 
two miles, but the hike, up and down the 
rocky peninsula, may take two hours, af- 
fording beautiful views and a chance of 
seeing patches of the macchia, the dense 
Mediterranean underbrush that has long 
disappeared from most stretches of the 
Italian coastline. San Fruttuoso can also 
be reached, with less effort, by boats that 
sail from Portofino’s embarcadero several 
times a day. There is no road to the village. 

However, most visitors, instead of 
climbing the steps to the parish church 
and the panoramic balustrades nearby, 
just stroll in the neighborhood dose to the 

T HE Via Roma, like most of the 
town, is dosed to motor traffic. 
Autos arriving on the narrow, 
curving three-mile highway from 
Santa Margherha Ligure can only get as 
far as the elongated Piazza Liberia where 
the town hall stands. If they don’t find a 
vacant riot in the town's only public park- 
ing garage, motorists must turn around 
and drive back all the way. 

In fact, almost all the excursionists take 
the evening boats back to the nearby 
coastal resorts or otherwise leave the pen- 
insula around sunset, because Portofino 
can't accommodate too many guests. Its 
few hotels have only 179 beds. 

There is, of course, the Splendido. One 
of the most famous and expensive holds 
in all of Italy, the Splendido is a former 
private villa on a luxuriant hflltide a mile 
from town. Its own access road from the 
peninsula's only highway snakes up across* 
a sloping park with pine and cypress trees 
and diverse plants from Mexico, South 
Africa, China, Japan and other parts of 
the world. From the balconied rooms of 
the yeflow-and-pink building and from its 
flowery terraces guests see an overwhelm- 
ing panorama of the harbor, the forested 
spur of the promontory beyond it, and the 

A wall near the dark-paneled reception 
desk displays portraits of celebrities who 
have stayed here, mostly show-business 
personages from Clark Gable and John 
Wayne to Larry Hagman, who as J. R. 
Ewing in “Dallas” won TV fame in Italy. 

- The Duke and Duchess of Windsor, 
Greta Garbo, Ernest Hemingway, Ingrid 
Bergman, Aristotle Onastis — all stayed 
at the Splendido at one time or another, 
and dined in style on the terrace high 
above the heated outdoor swimming pooL 
Its 63 rooms cost up to $559 for two with 

By Roger Collis 

International Herald Tribune 

Y OU never know these days 
whether the airline you booked 
on is the one you wil factually fly. 
Or whether you’ll start out on one 
type of plane and arrive on another. 

Just as you're about to board your SAS 
flight from Copenhagen to New York, you 
discover ihai the service is being operated 
by Austrian Airlines. The flight you booked 
on Cathay Pacific from Hong Kong to Ho 
Chi Minn City turns out to be Vietnam 
Airlines. You may not be happy to find that 
your Delta fljght'from New York to Buda- 
pest is operated by Malev-Hungarian Air- 
lines. You book business class on British 
Airways from London Garwick to Mar- 
seille and find yourself in sardine class on a 
Fokker 28 operated by TAT. Nobody told 
you that the Continental flight from" Lon- 
don to Denver with a through flight num- 
ber involves a two-hour stop in Newark. 
And what you thought was a BA flight 
froii Syracuse to London is really USAir 
on the first leg to Philadelphia. 

These are examples of bow you can 
become a victim of “code-sharing” — a 
system whereby one or more airlines agree 
to use the same “designator code” or flight 
number for connecting flights in order to 
attract more business. Airlines say that 
code-sharing offers more choice to travel- 
ers and a “seamless service” with one 
boarding card. But there is growing criti- 
cism that code-sharing is misleading be- 
cause the traveler is buying one product 
but getting another. An analysis by the 
U. S. Department of Transportation 


found that 30 percent of passengers on 
code-share flights are not told which carri- 
er they will be flying. 

“If the airlines can create a seamless 
service through code-sharing, we'd be very- 
glad.'’ says ToDy Hockley, economic advi- 
sor at the Air Transport Users Council 
(AUC) in London. “ Our concern is that 
the passenger should be told. And we 
know that is not the case. Airlines 
shouldn't rush into these alliances for 
marketing reasons without looking at the 

Fit frtfBtBt Traitjtr 

effect on passenger services. We’ve had 
complaints from people who have flown 
to the States and found themselves chang- 
ing to a little prop aircraft when they 
thought they were flying BA or Delta. 
TAT flies on BA codes from Gatwick to 
Lyon and Marseille. But you may not 
know until you’re on the plane.” 

“Passengers often panic when they get 
off a 747 and find themselves on a cigar 
tube — that’s the issue,” says Ron Speirs, 
a vice president of Reed Travel Group in 
Chicago. “I think if people knew that, they 
might ask a few more questions — or take 
a different service.” 

“If you buy a ticket on BA and wind up 
flying on a U. S. carrier that’s almost 
broke, you may not want to fly on that,” 
says Hans Kxakauer, spokesman for (be 
International Airline Passengers Associa- 
tion in Lisbon. “As a passenger, you are 
entitled to be told when the flight you 
booked is operated by another carrier. 
You must have the right of refusal to 

travel on that flight and have your ticket 

Code-sharing is nothing new. It started 
back in 1960s when U. S. commuter air- 
lines staned using the same codes as the 
majors when connecting at their hubs. 
Traveling between Stockholm and Gene- 
va in the early 1970s, Swissair and SAS 
had “double designator” codes, so yon 
could find yourself flying one or the other 
line (still the case). And the morning Swis- 
sair flight from Geneva to Milan was 
operated by a Fokker Friendship char- 
tered from Balair. “About four years ago I 
flew Air New Zealand from Sydney to 
Auckland on a Qantas plane with a Qan- 
tas crew.” Thai’s what is called a “wet 

An example of a “dry lease” that went 
wrong is told by a former TWA executive: 
“Back in 1 987, TWA had no evening flight 
from Heathrow to New York. So we 
struck a deal with Gulf Air. They had a 
plane which came in late afternoon, and 
we flew it to New York with a TWA crew. 
Once a party of orthodox Jews came on 
board, and seeing that everything was in 
Arabic, got off the plane.” 

Code-sharing comes in many guises: an 
“on-line” change of plane with the same 
airline; connecting from one airline to an- 
other with the same flight code; “double 
designator” flights — one airline operating 
the service; “blocked seal” arrangements 
whereby one airline sells seats under its 
own code on another airline; and franchise 
agreements whereby one airline pays an- 
other for the right to cany ils name. Thus 
Virgin Atlantic has a franchise agreement 
with the Irish airline, CityjeL from London 
City Airport to Dublin; and British Air- 

ways has a similar arrangement with City 
Flyer between London (Luton) and Paris 
under a BA flight-code. 

Kxakauer is concerned that code-sharing 
may replace the passenger’s right to “inter- 
line” from one carrier to another under 
IATA rules — whereby baggage is checked 
through; a through fare rather than a “sec- 
tor "fare is applied, and the tariff attribu- 
tion between carriers is done automatically 
by the IATA clearing system. 

“You must maintain the passenger’s 
right to switch carriers to go to a specific 
destination,” Krakauer says. “I was travel- 
ing from Lisbon to San Antonio: 1 flew to 
Newark and then had to get a separate 
ticket on Delta because there was no inter- 
line. Why? Because you’ve now got airlines 
going all the way through code-sharing” 

Code-sharing works best for the traveler 
when partner airlines share the same quali- 
ty and culture: the case with SAS. Svrissair. 
and Austrian in their Quality Alliance. The 
device may enable consortiums of smaller 
airlines to compete with the majors in the 
global arena, providing more choice for 
consumers. Passengers can benefit through 
frequent-flier plan tie-ins. And they may 
have less hassle with connecting flights. 
JAL passengers connecting on a code-share 
flight with KLM at Schipbol en route for 
Madrid or Zurich are met by a JAL repre- 

Airline timetables should reveal code 
share flights or joint operations. Bui the 
best way to make sure is to subscribe to a 
neutral data base such as the ABC or 
Official Airline Guides. Failing this, lake 
an ABC or OAG pocket guide with you. If 
in doubt, coll the airline. 

/// Ji/f s a 1 1 e 



The Australian Opera, tel: (.2) 319- 
1088 Pucani’s “Madama Butterfly.” 
Directed by John Copley, conducted 
by Graeme Jenkins with Leona 
Mitchell. Jennifer Bermingham and 
Christopher Doig. July 1 ( premiere 1. 
4. 8. 14. 19. 23 and 26. 



Musde Piantin-Moretus. tel: (3) 
233-02-94, closed Mondays. Con- 
tinuing /To July 24: “Gerard Merca- 
tor et la Geographic dans les Pays- 
Bas Meridionaux." 



City Art Centre, tef: (31 ) 529-3541 . 
dosed Sundays. To July 16: “Worlds 
in a Box.” Traces the evolution ol an 
in boxes from the early Surrealist 
years lo the Pop and Fluxus move- 
ments ol the 1 960s and lo the present 
day. The exhibition (ealures works by 
Joseph Cornell. Claes Oldenburg. 
Maunce Henry and Arman. 


British Museum, tel: ( 71 ) 323-6525. 
open daily. To Oct 23: “Greek Gold: 
Jewellery ol me Classical Workf 
Drawn tram the collection ol the Her- 
mitage in St. Petersburg, the Metro- 
politan Museum in New York, and the 
Bntish Museum collections, more 
than 200 pieces of jewelry created 
between 500 and 300 B. C. by Greek 
artisans throughout the Mediterra- 
nean and Black Sea areas. 
Buckingham Palace, tel: ( 71 ) 799- 
2331. dosed Mondays To Dec. 22: 
"Gainsborough and Reynolds: Con- 
trasts in Royal Patronage." A collec- 
tion ot paintings by 1 8ltvcemury por- 
traitists Gainsborough and Reynolds 
from the royal collection. 

Royal Opera at Co vent Garden, let: 
(71) 240-1066 A revival of Masse- 
net’s "Manon." Directed by John 
Cox. conducted by Colin Davis with 
Leontina Vaduva and Giuseppe Sab- 
batmi. July 2. 5. 6. 13. 18 and 21 



Muse© des Beaux-Arts, tel: (514) 
285-1600, dosed Mondays. To Oct. 
2: "Tamara de Lempicka." 50 paint- 
ings dating berween 1920 and 1954. 
include ponraiis. nudes and still liles. 

MusPe du Qu6bec, let. (418) 643- 
2150. open daily. To Auq. 7: "Les 
Estampes des Nabis: Vuillard el Ses 
Contemporams." Printmaking en- 
couraged the simplification and flat- 
tening ol term and color that the Na- 
bis valued. More than 60 prints, 
illustrated books, posters and three 
portfolios by Bonnard, Denis and 



sign in the 1990s." Objects and pro- 
totypes from all Scandinavian coun- 
tries. showing concern for the 
environment, awareness ot the po- 
tentialities of natural materials and 
the tradition of craftsmanship. 
Statens Museum lor Kunst, lei: 33- 
91-21-26, dosed Mondays. To Aug. 
7: “The Golden Age ot Danish Pant- 
ing." More than too paintings from 
the first half ofthe 1 9th century; land- 
scapes. marine views, cityscapes, 
portraits and genre scenes by Chris- 
t offer Wilhelm Eckersberg, Jens Juel 
and Christen Kobke. 


American Center, tel: 44-73-77-77. 
open daily. To Dec. 1: "Bill Viola: 
Stations.” A video installation of five 
channels of color video projection 
and sound focuses on images of the 
human body submerged underwater. 
Also. "Nam June Park. David & Ma- 
rat." Two video sculptures combining 
the artist's fascination with the hu- 
man form and technology which 
were inspired by "The Death ot Ma- 
rat.” by Jean Louis David. 

Domaine de Bagatelle, tel: 45-01- 
20-10. open daily. Continuing /To 
July 31: "Kyoto- Pa ns -Kyoto: 1200 
Ans d’lnfluences." 

Musee du Louvre, tel: 40-20-51 -51 . 
closed Tuesdays Continuing/To 
Sept. 5: “La Reforme des Trois Car- 
raci: i_e Dessm a Botogne. 1580- 
1620." More than 100 drawings by 
Lodovrco Carraci. his two cousins 
and their pupils. Also, to Dec. 26: 
"La Collection Purforcat-Niarchos." 
Exhibited once every 10 years, the 
Greek shipping tycoon's collection 
includes gokJ gobfets. silver dishes, 
spice boxes and silverware dating 
from the 1 6fh to the 20th centuries. 
Mus6e Marmottan-Ctaude Monet 
tel: 42-24-07-02. Continuing/To 
Oct. 2: “La Nouvelle Vague: L'Es- 
tampe Japonaise de 1868 a 1939 
dans la Collection Robert O. Muller." 
More than 1 50 Japanese prints, dai- 
ing back to the opening ot Japan to 
the West in 1868. 


Mus6e des Beaux-Arts, tel: 35-71- 
28-40. closed Tuesdays. To New. 14: 
“Rouen. Les Cathedrales de Monet. ” 

1 7 paintings from the series ol views 
of the western portal of the Rouen 
cathedral, which Monet painted in 
1894. and were then dispersed in 
museums and private collections 
throughout the world. 
Musfie des Antiquitbs National es, 
tel: (1) 34-51-53-65. closed Tues- 
days. Continuing/To July 18: "Ver- 
clngeiorix et Alesrs." Artifacts horn 
the Gauls period, including weapons, 
jewels and vases. 

Xian warrior on show in Venice; 

Modigliani portrait of art dealer Kunstindustrimuseet,tei:33-T4-94- 
Uopold Zborowski in Lausanne . f£ 



Deutsche Oper. tel: (30) 3-41-02- 
49. Puccini's "La Boh erne." Directed 
by Gotz Friedrich, conducted by Ra- 
lael Frufrbeck de Burgos, with Fer- 
nando de la Mora /Antonio Ordonez 
and Eva Johansson. July 2. 3. 5 and 


Kunst- und Ausstetlungshdte, tel: 
7228) 9171-200. Contfnuing/TO 
Oct. 16: “Europa, Europa: Das Jahr- 
hundert der Avantgarde in Mittef- und 
Osteuropa." 700 hundred works by 
200 painters and sculptors from the 
former Iron Curtain countries. 

Museum Ludwig, tel: (2 21) 2-21- 
23-79, closed Mondays. Cbntinu- 
ing/To July 10: “Der Unbekannte 
Modigliani: Die Sammlung Paul Alex- 
andre." Features more than 400 
® swings and watercolors created by 
Modigliani between 1907 and 1914. 

Nation alth eater, tel: (89) 22-13-16. 
Wagner's "Tannhauser." Directed 
by David Alden. conducted by Zubin 
Mehta with Jan-Henctok Rootering, 
Rene Kollo, and Nadine Secunde. 
July 6 (premiere). 9. 14 and 17. 



Israel Museum, tel: (2) 708-811, 
open daily. To OcL 1: “The Oldest 
Gold In the Worid." Hundreds ot gold 
ornaments that adorned and accom- 
panied the dead in antiquity excavat- 
ed from graves along the shores of 
the Black Sea in Bulgaria. 



Centro Culturafe di Esposlzione e 
Comunicazione ZiteJIe, tel: (41) 
528-631 0. June 23 to 27: “Rassegna 
Mondtale di Gailerte." An exhibition 

Zitetle Cultural center, tel: (41) 
528-6310. open daily. Continu- 
ing/To Sept. 11: “China 220 B. C.: 
The Xian Warriors." Includes 1 0 orig- 
inal life-size terra-cotta warriors and 
2 horses from the army of 7,000 
guarding the tomb of the Emperor 
Oin Shihuangdi. 



Petit Palais, tel: (22) 346-14-33, 
open dally. To end Oct.: "La Famine 
vue par (es Peintres, de Bazilie a 
Picasso . 1 1 A century of paintings rep- 
resenting various aspects of Family 
life, with works by Bazilie, Vallat, Klsl- 
irtg, Lhole, Laurencin and Picasso. 


Fondarion de I'Bermitaoe. lei: (21 ) 
320-50-01 . open dally. To Oct. 23: 
“Les Peintres de Zborowski: Modi- 
gliani, Utrillo. Soutine et feurs Amrs.” 
The art dealer Leopold Zborowski be- 
came rich when Dr. Paul H. Barnes 
bought 1 50 paintings by Soutine and 
15 Dy Modigliani for his collection in 
1922. The exhibition presents 20 
works each by Modigliani and Sou- 
tine. landscapes by Utrillo and sever- 
al paintings by Kisling. 


Fondation Pierre Giannada. tel: 
(26) 22-39-78. open daily. To New. 
1 : “De Matisse a Picasso. " 80 paint- 
ings, drawings and sculptures by 30 
20th-century artists including works 
by Bonnard, Matisse. Braque, Picas- 
so. Balthus and Chagall. 


Los Angeles 

Los Angeles County Museum of 
Art, tel: (213) 857-6000, closed 
Mondays and Tuesdays. To Aug. 28: 
“Korean Arts of the 181h Century: 
Splendor and Simplicity." 125 items 
Including paintings, ceramics, callig- 
raphy. furniture, textiles and imperial 
regalia. A dozen works are designat- 
ed as National Treasures by the Ko- 
rean government. 


Frick Art Museum, tel: (412) 371- 
0600, closed Mondays. To July 24: 
"Facing the Past: Nineteenth-Centu- 
ry Portraits from the Collection ot the 
Pennsylvania Academy ot Fine Arts." 
A visual record ot the changing lace 
of America In the 1800s, as seen 
through the portraits ot American 
painters such as Rembrandl Peal, 
John Singer Sargent and Thomas 
Sully. A small contemporary exhibi- 
tion includes portraits by modem art- 
ists such as Chuck Close. Andy War- 
hot and Jamie Wyeth. 


National Gallery of Art, tel: (202) 
737-4215, Open daily. To Oct. 2: 
"Gemini G- E. L.: Recent Prints and 
Sculpture." A selection of 73 prints 
and edition sculpture produced over 
the last decade at the Gemini G. E. L. 
workshop in Los Angeles, demon- 
strating a provocative range of styles, 
mediums and techniques. Among the 
artists represented are Richard Die- 
benkorn, David Hockney. Jasper 
Johns and Ellsworth Kelly. 

f i / / / / e Si s r 

On June 25: "Paysages, Paysans.” 
Bibliotheque Natrona le. Paris. 

On June 26: "Pompeji Wieder Ent- 
deckt." Anfikenmuseum, Basel. 

On June 26: ''Medardo Rosso: Im- 
pressionist Sculptor." Scottish Na- 
tional Gallery of Modem Art Edin- 

On June 26: “Da Ansel Adams a 
Andy Warhol: Rrfratti e Autorrtratti 
datla Coilezione detrunwersita del 
Michigan." Palazzo Fortuny, Ven- 

On June 30: "Works by the COBRA 
Group." Museum of Modem Art, 
Buenos Aires. 


By Peter Shaw. 203 pages. S2Z 
Ivan JR. Dee. 

...Reviewed by 

Katherine Knorr 

A MERICAN literary clas- 
sics, from -Whitman to 
Wright, have beeo hijacked by 
; . the. political commissars nm- 
“~ning university Lit Grit estab- 

lishments. No longer are any of 
these novels celebrations of 
man’s grandeur in the face of 
tragedy or anything square like 
lhaL Now they are judged by 
their sake on gender or race 
discrimination. Thus “Moby 
Dick” must have something to 
say to American Indians ana to 
women (hey, why no female 
role models among the har- 
pocmists?), and “Huckleberry 
FIcd” has been twisted more 
ways anyone can imagine. 

• Fernando Trneba, the 
.Sp&qish filmmaker who direct- 
ed “Belle Epoque,” is reading, * 
“Turnaround: A Memoir,” by 
; MSos Fonnan and Jan Novak, 
i . “Tfcebook tdls about his ear- 
f iyyears in Czechoslovakia and 
r his exile, in the United States 
r and .how he begins his movie- 
- directing career in America af- 
ter -having made films in 
Czechoslovakia. It's an interest- 
^ rng tife.” (Al Goodman. IHT) 

Peter Shaw has looked at five 
classics — “The Scarlet Letter,” 
“Moby Dick,” “Billy Budd,” 
“The Adventures of Huckleber- 
ry Finn” and “The Bostonians” 
— and studied the change in 
critical approach roughly over 
tins century. His findings are 
pretty frightening 

Where earlier critics fought 
over art for its own sake versus 
art for edifying purposes, or 
over scales erf vision, critics be- 
ginning with Marxists in the 
T93 Cs started analyzing, and in 
some ways rewriting, the great 
books to square with their own 
crackpot view of history. 

Things became distinctly 
worse in the 1960s, when the 
number of “victim” groups that 
had to be accommodated grew 
larger than ever. 

The difficulty with interpret- 
ing the classics to mean whatev- 
er is fashionable is that some- 
times the actual text doesn't 
tend itself to this. 

All sort of methods are used 
then, from saying that the au- 

thor didn’t know what he 
meant, to saying that he said 
one tiling but meant another 
because be was being ironic. 
Thus Melville is made to be a 
revolutionary when he was 
deeply suspicious of radical re- 
form, and Hawthorne is made 
to be a fe minis t when he bur- 
dens Hester Prvnne with the 
scarlet letter. 

One interesting example is 
criticism of “Billy Budd." where 
the harsh punishment of the 
eponymous hero for a murder he 
committed unwittingly is 'inter- 
preted as an American class 
struggle. Never mind that “Billy 
Budd” takes place in 1 8th-cen iu- 
ry England, in a military setting 
where mutiny was rife, or that 
Melville dearly means that laws 
must be enforced. 

Billy is an innocent who is 
guilty of killing: Captain Vere. 
who orders him hanged, is a 
complex man essentially doing 
his job, who will forever be 
haunted by the young man’s 
memory. In contemporary criti- 
cism. however. Bilfv becomes a 

victim of the system, and Cap- 
tain Vere becomes a representa- 
tive of the military industrial 

Shaw cites Lionel Trilling — 
himself hardly the radical right 
— on interpretations of “Billy 
Budd.” Writing in a didactic 
novel. Trilling set side by side 
the way left-wing intellectuals 
were at pains to defend Stalin’s 
show trials on the one band, 
with their denunciation on the 
other of the execution of Billy 
Budd for a crime be did after all 
commit, as the symbol of 
bloodthirsty tyranny. 

The Lit Crii establishment is 
not unified, of course, and at 
opposite poles are those who 
reject the classics (or dead white 
males anyway) and those who 
wish to kidnap them for thrir 
own purposes. 

One interesting aspect is the 
divergence between white and 
black interpretations of “Huck- 
leberry Finn.” for example. 

Whereas black intellectuals 
might have been expected to be 
the angriest at the portrayal of 

Jim and at Huck’s less than stal- 
wart backing of the runaway 
slave, black writers at various 
times have defended Twain as 
giving Jim a basic humanity that 
black characters rarely achieved 
in 19th-century fiction. 

Many critics of Twain, how- 
ever. fall into the trap of seeing 
slavery as the central issue of 
the novel which it is not, and of 
faulting Twain, writing in the 
19th century, for not holding 
the enlightened political views 
that come so easily to tenured 
professors in the 20th. 

Ultimately the problem with 
fashionable literary criticism 
throughout most of this century 
is that it has been ward politics 
pretending to be thinking. 

The interpretation of great 
works of art is part of man’s 
process of self-knowledge. At 
its best, criticism is a philosoph- 
ical journey. As its wotsl as this 
interesting book shows us in to- 
day’s universities, it's a bull ses- 
sion in the remedial reading 

latemtlional Herald Tribune 

By Alan Truscott 

T HE Eastern Regional 
Championships began with 
a danger of the proceedings be- 
ing disrupted by Gerry Mac- 
Cambridge, who could, in the- 
ory, read his partner’s mind or 
hypnotize the opposition. He is 
a menialist and a hypnotist 
He is also a psychic. This 
term came into use more than 
60 years ago, and the originator 
seems to have been Dorothy 
Rice Sims. On the diagramed 
deal from a team game, she 
opened die East hand in third 
seat with a psychic two no- 
trump, purporting to have a 
strong balanced hand. 

Her retreat to three clubs af- 
ter being doubled revealed the 
situation, but it was not easy for 
the opponents to organize an 
accurate slam auction and they 
rested in four spades. North 
might well have raised to five 
spades instead of four, but they 
would not have reached the best 

That was seven hearts, and it 
was reached by Mrs. Sim’s 
teammates with the North- 
South cards. Luckily for them. 
East did not open the bidding. 
In a modern game, the only 

question would be whether East 
would open three clubs, four 
dubs or five clubs. It will be 
seen that seven spades would 
have failed. 

South made his seven-heart 
contract slam by ruffing a club 
in his hand. Trumps were 
drawn, since the heart jack be- 
came marked when the A -Q 
were cashed. South made one 
ruff, four trump tricks, five 
spade tricks ana three minor- 
suit winners, a triumph for the 
4-4 fit. 

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Try negotiating a completely 
different kind of environment 


« w i 1 

Thailand's great outdoors. Here 
you can sail to tropical islands whose 
beaches haven't seen footprints for 
a hundred tides. Paddle your own 
canoe through 
half-submerged caves 
into hidden lagoons. 

And dive to gardens 
of coral, coloured by 
tropical fish. 

Here , 0 upwardly 
mobile * means 
climbing aboard an 
elephant and trekking up into the 
mountains; or riding a bike between 
hilltrlbe villages. 

But if all that sounds a bit too 
adventurous, you can always play 
golf at one of the championship 
courses designed by such legends 

as Jack Nicklaus, Arnold Palmer 
and Greg Norman. 

With the rich bounties of nature, and 
a wealth of good accommodation, 
Thailand is the perfect 
environment in which 
to re-charge your 
batteries. So the only 
thing left to do now, 
is negotiate a little 
time off. 

For more information, 
see your travel agent today, 
or fax the Tourism Authority 
of Thailand on (662) 224 6221. 


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International Herald Tribune, Friday, June 24, 1994 

Page / 1 

Buys Into 

THE TRIB INDEX 111 .240 TT C Finm 

International Herald Tribune World Stock Index ©, composed of • k-/e X XL 1X1 

A Twist to EU Infighting 

New Rail line Meets Unexpected Delay 

•HNMMiiunni neraio inoune World stock Index ©, composed of 
ZBO internationally investable stocks from 25 countries, compiled 
by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1. 1992 = 100 . 

120 — . 

J F 



A M 



Aski/Paclfk: : 

Europe : . 

js : -■ 

<4wrax. weighting' 32% 

Close 132-30 Prffv.: 129.85 



Clase: 1 10.78 Pibv. 109 70 



North America 

Approx, weighing: 26% 
Gtosa9tJ84 Prev^ 92.45 

Latin America 

Approx, weighting: 5 % 

Close: 10&S7 Piw.: 110.79 


JFMAMJ jfmamj 

m «M 1894 1993 1994 

H? Worid index 

The ttdax hades US. motor vafues of stocks *T Tokyo. Now York. London, and \ 
Aigwifim. Australia, Austria. Beigigm, Brazil, Canada, ChHo. Danmark, Finland, . 
Franca, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Mexico, Nethertends, Now Zealand. Norway, 
Singapore, Spain, Sweden, SwttzKfond and VenmuakL for Tokyo. New York and 1 
London, the fldteur is composed of me 20 top Issues in terms at marker capitalization, I 
otherwise the ten top stocks am tracked 

[I Industrial Sectors | 



Prw. % 

dm damp 









109.19 40.69 

Capital Goods 






11535 41.14 

Raw Materials 






11438 41.54 

Consuner Goods 






11532 40.70 





For mom tofo/matbn about fha index, 8 booktet isBvalibte bead charge. 

Write to Tnb Index, 181 Avenue ChartoB de GauBg. 92521 NeuSyCedex, Frwce. 

C Wemalional Herald TrZwrw 

Kodak Sells Unit 
For $1.68 Billion 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — Sanofi 
Group, a French cosmetics and 
health-care company, will buy 
Sterling Winthrop Inc.'s pre- 
scription drug business for 
51.68 billion in cash, the com- 
panies announced Thursday. 

The deal represents the first 
major step by Sterling’s parent, 
Eastman Kodak Co., to remove 
itself from the drug business. 

The deal gives Sanofi. a unit 
of French oil group Elf Aqui- 
taine SA, a direct presence in 
the U.S. market. Sanofi also 
would bolster its presence in 
Latin America, Southeast Asia 
and Japan. 

Sterling’s prescription drug 
business generated about $1.2 
billion in sales last year. The 
addition will boost Sanofi’s 
pharmaceutical revenues to 
more than $3 SL billion a year. 

Sanofi said it might sell pans 
of the Sterling operation that do 
not fit its growth strategy, 
which is built around prescrip- 
tion rather than over-the- 
counter drugs. 

“This is where we see the fu- 
ture,” said Kurt Briner, execu- 
tive vice president of Sanofi 

Sterling Winthrop had oper- 
ated both its prescription and 
nonprescription drug business- 
es in separate alliances with 
Sanofi since 1991. Their agree- 
ment gave Sanofi first refusal 
rights to buy Sterling’s prescrip- 
tion business. 

As part of the deal Sanofi 
said it would sell its minority 
stake in Sterling Health Europe, 
which specializes in over-the- 
counter drugs, to Kodak for an 
unroecified sum. 

Kodak said it still intends to 
sell its nonprescription drug 
business, which has annual 
sales of over SI biffion with 
products like Bayer aspirin. 

By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

BRUSSELS — On the European list of 
cross-border transportation projects, the 
high-speed railway from Paris to Brussels 
looks too obvious and too vital lo question. 

The line will bring the "capital or Europe” 
wi thin virtual commuting distance of Paris, 
slashing travel time to one hour and 22 min- 
utes from two and a half hours and raising 
capacity to 14 million passengers a year from 
4.5 million now. 

What's more, with connections to the 
north, east and ihe Channel Tunnel, the pro- 
ject stands to turn Brussels into a high-speed 
rail bub linking London. Amsterdam, Co- 
logne and Frankfurt. 

But in a twist on the border problems that 
often plague Europe's drive toward a single 
market, the railway’s promise is blocked not 
by national frontiers but by divisions between 
Belgium’s own French and Dutch-speaking 

Officials of the southern, French-speaking 
region of Wallooia are withholding building 
permits for a 25- kilometer (15-mile) stretch of 
the Paris-Brussels line until they get guaran- 
tees that the connection to Germany, which 
will stop in the Walloon city of Lifcge. will be 
builL “If it ends in Li&ge, it has no sense.” 
says Frank Duboisse, a spokesman for the 
Walloon ministry of public works. “It’s a 
dead end for our region, not an opportunity.” 

Flemish officials meanwhile have yet to 
issue permits for much of the Brussels-Co- 
Iogne line that posses through Dutch- speak- 
ing territory, insisting on better soundproof- 
ing and environmental protection. 

The standoff has pushed back the planned 
completion of the Paris-Brussels line by one 
year, to May 1997, at an added cost of some 3 
billion Belgian francs (S9I million). Etienne 
Schouppe, the head of the Belgian railways, 
warned recently that a "bidding war” be- 
tween the French and Dutch- speaking com- 
munities would cause further delay ana dam- 
age the project’s financial viability. 

Although Belgium’s internal dispute is 
unique, the resulting delays are not. At their 
summit meeting in Corfu, Greece, on Friday 
and Saturday, European Union leaders are 
expected to approve a massive program of 
transportation projects, the most visible ele- 
ment of their efforts to boost Europe’s growth 
and competitiveness. But many of the 11 top 
priority projects face a multitude of environ- 
mental, administrative and finan cial hurdles. 

The British government will seek bids this 
year from private builders for a high-speed 
rail line from London to the Channel Tunnel, 
but construction will have to wail another two 
years for enabling legislation from Parlia- 
ment, and the link is not expected to be 
completed before 2002. 

Environmental concerns in Austria are ex- 
pected to delay by more than two years the 
start of work on a rail-freight link between 
Germany and Italy via the Brenner Pass. And 
France and Italy have yet to agree on whether 
a high-speed rail line from Lyon to Turin 
should handle truck traffic, a decision that 
could boost the French tab alone from 18 
billion French francs (S3 billion) to 40 billion. 

Officials at the European Commission ac- 

See DELAYS, Page 12 


the architects of time 


Conseco’s Bid 
For Kemper 
Exceeds GE’s 

Bloo mb erg Business News 

*lt fits into their style of buy- 

CARMEL, Indiana — Con- ing companies, primarily life in- 
seco Inc. appeared Thursday to surers, and squeezing them on 

have bested General Electric the expense side.” 

££* S l 2 r ! C «?r£SP p " < f' A merger with Kemper, 
fenng to pay 53.25 billion to m f* Grove, imiois, 

acquire the insurance, broker- wou]d tmu Conseco and its ac- 

acqinre the insurance, broker- 
age and mutual fund company. 

The offer from Conseco, 

quisition fund into a company 
with 9,000 employees, $85 bif- 

which has grown by acquiring lion in assets and net revenue 
1 1 insurance companies in the and premiums of $4.2 billion, 
past 11 jean, equaled S67 a Conseco ^ ^ 

*■“« ” m : S56 in cash and $11 in stocfcfor 

pared W.AK0 a share m cash each Kemper share. 

from GE Capital Corp. It * 

would represent one of the larg- l 
est insurance mergers ever. tween 6.6 i 

[In SlamfOTd, Connecticut, „ „ 

GE Capital said ihat in ligbi of 
Conseco’s offer, it would not 
submit a firm bid for Kemper, complcled - 
AFP-Extel News reported.) The $3: 

Although Conseco has a mar- 1 

ket value of just $1J billion, diluted ive 
less than 2 percent of GE’s. it existing Ke 

The company would issue be- 
tween 6.6 million and 8 million 
shares to Kemper’s stockhold- 
ers, depending on the share 
price just before the merger is 

The $3.25 billion figure is 
based on the number of fully 
diluted Kemper shares and the 
existing Kemper long-term debt 

raised a $624 milli on fund for" nonconvertible preferred 
acquisitions this year. stock. 

u Conseco is big enough to Kemper has $90 billion of life 

pull this off if they have the insurance in force and is Ameri- 
cash commitments,’’ said Ira ca's seven th-largest mutual 

Zuckennan, an analyst with 
SBS Financial Group in West- 
port, Connecticut. 

or, with 41 funds 
Uion in assets under 


Europe’s Unisource Buys AT&T Stake 

Bloomberg Business News 

LONDON — Unisource, a Nether- 
lands-based consortium of European tele- 
communications companies, said Thurs- 
day it would acquire a stake in 
WorldPartners Co., an AT&T Corp. ven-. 
tune, to provide global voice and data com- 
munications services to multinational cor- 

The deal with Unisource, a partnership 
among the national telecommunications 
companies in Sweden, Switzerland and the 
Netherlands, represents the end of a long 
search by AT&T for a European partner. 

In the past, AT&T had talked with 
Deutsche Telekom, France Telecom, MCI 
and Britain's Energis, but no deals were 

The alliance is not a total surprise, as 
AT&T and Unisource already are jointly 
developing a pan-European business pri- 
vate network for an association of 30 mul- 

“Today's announcement attests to the 
global capability and strength of our alli- 
ance.” said Simon Krieger, president of 

The companies wouldn’t specify the val- 
ue of Unisource’s investment 

Sprint Corp. of the United States, 
France Telecom and Deutsche Telekom 
previously said they were combining forces 
to build a seamless international commu- 
nications network for voice, data and, 
eventually, video. 

MO Communications Corp. — the 

third major U.S. long-distance telephone 
company after Sprint and AT&T — then 
won approval from the U.S. Justice De- 
partment to move forward with its interna- 
tional network, initially targeted at busi- 
ness users. 

■ Olivetti and Hughes Team Up 

Ing. C. Olivetti & Co. of Italy and 
Hughes Network Systems Inc., a unit of 
Genera] Motors Corp-, said they would 
offer satellite-based communications sys- 
tems to businesses across Europe, in one of 
the world’s smallest joint ventures in tele- 
communications, Enk Ipsen of the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune reported from 


Market Terms Befuddle Investors 

By Jerry Knight 

Washington Pita Service 

W ASHINGTON — To find 
out how well people under- 
stand mutual funds and oth- 
er investments, researchers 
for the Securities and Exchange Com- 
mission sat down with a group of inves- 
tors is Richmond, Virginia, a few 
months back. . 

“In your own words, how would you 
distinguish between a money market de- 
posit account and a money market mutu- 
al fund?” interviewer Amy O’Connell 
asked , the panelists. 

“I rtwnlr that maybe a mutual fund 
would be a little more safe,” answered 
one participant 

“Well, I would think the opposite,” 
another said. 

“How about you, Julia?” Ms. O’Con- 
nell asked a woman who works for the 
state government 

“I have no idea.” 

Most of the people the SEC asked did 
understand ordinary mutual funds that 
invest in stocks, but “money market” 
investments w ere another matter. 

Confusion between money market ac- 
counts offered by banks and money mar- 
ket mutual funds offered by both banks 
and investment companies is rampant, 
the SECs research revealed. 

One basic difference is that the banks’ 
money market accounts are protected by 
the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp„ so 

depositors cannot lose their money, 
while money market mutual funds are 
not insured, regardless of whether they 
are sold by banks or independent mutual 
fund companies. 

But that distinction has been blurred 
in the past month because several com- 
panies selling mutual funds — including 
a bank — have bailed out money market 
mutual funds that lost money when in- 
terest rates took an unexpected jump. 

The willingness of fund managers to 
step in and cover losses may be good for 
investors in the short term, but federal 
regulators and financial scholars said it 
ultimately only adds to the confusion bv 

See CONFUSION, Page 13 

A 'Positive’ Eurotunnel Rights Issue 

Reu, ers ain are expected to give the issue a fairly warm 

LONDON — Eurotunnel PLC SA, operator reception, 
of the Channel tunnel, said on Thursday it had “I would have thought it was a reasonable 
found buyers for two-thirds of the British pan of outcome,” said one transport analyst at a leading 
its massive £858 million ($1.32 billion) rights British securities house, 
issue. “If you look at it historically, the French 

Aggressive selling of Eurotunnel shares and response has always been more positive than in 
tumbling European stock markets ahead of the the UJC," said another analyst 

issue had prompted fears that a large chunk 
would be left with the underwriters. 

The 3-for-5 issue was launched May 26, at a 25 

"SSjS ZlZtZ: £ T ( percent discount to the then-355 pence market 

° f 1 M P™* 85 pa* of Eurotunnel's £1.6 billion rescue 
shares, while the rebate of the issue was sold fimd it to a projected cash break- 

m the market at 269.46 pence, at a discount to g-,—, no ; nl m 

the company’s share price. 

even point in 1998. 

The undersea rail tunnel carried its first freight 

Share analysts said the outcome was fairly i“ e unnei 7 5 ^ n r J ninnei cameoiis nisi rreigni 
positive and noted the critical part of the issue trafCc . a b^ore the issue. Die tu nnelwill 

was yet to come when results from the con linen- °P cn 10 public in October, but a full-scale 
tal European portion, which involves mainl y passenger service will not start until next year. 

French investors, is announced on July 7. 

Meanwhile, in Tokyo, the co-president. Sir 

The result so far covers just 25 percent of the AJastair Morton, said Eurotunnel hopes to gen- 
total issue, with investors in Continental Europe erale enough cash in less than two years to be 
accounting for 75 percent. Investors outside Brit- able to refinance pan of its debt. 

Affirms Its 
Rate Stance 


POTSDAM, Germany — 
The Bundesbank applied verbal 
balm to bruised financial mar- 
kets Thursday but stopped 
short of cutting interest rates, 
saying a credible policy would 
be its best contribution to mar- 
ket stability. 

Addressing concerns about 
possible changes in the basics of 
Bundesbank policy head-on. 
President Hans Tietmeyer 
Stressed that the monetary tar- 
geting that the Bundesbank has 
followed for 19 years was still in 
place, despite bloated M-3 
money-supply growth. 

“Our M-3 policy is not up for 
debate,” be said after the cen- 
tral bank’s annual out-of-town 
meeting in the East German 
city of Potsdam. 

The Bundesbank left un- 
changed its leading discount 
rate at 4J percent and Lom- 
bard rate at 6 percent. The poli- 
cy-making council also made 
no decision on the future course 
of its main money market rate, 
the securities- repurchase or 
repo rate. 

“We think the official inter- 
est rates are at an appropriate 
level now,” Mr. Tietmeyer said. 

MDd speculation of a rate 
move in financial markets had 
focused on a cosmetic adjust- 

See RATES, Plage 12 

Big Blue Stages a Rebound Under Gerstner T a • c*. j r*** n j ^ • 

JBy Laurence Zuckennan Bo* are bu « o„ to .o„, Rafail AmenCaU Sftldy CltCS ProdUCtlVlty GaillS 

1> company, saying the stock cannot nwin- fll/Su.dnow, ^ said, . “ • ° '*5* “2 JataSS.* 5Z“£E!E£! 

By Laurence Zuckennan 

International Herald Tribune' 

N EW YORK — Anyone won- 
dering how the brief tenure of 
Louis V. Gerstner Jr. as IBM’s 
chairman and chief executive 
is being viewed on Wall Street need only 
kx>k at the share price. 

A few months after Mr. Gerstner took 
over in April 1993, International Busi- 
ness Machines Corp. stock plunged to a 
low of $41. But since then, the price has 
risen almost 50 percent On the New 
York Stock Exchange late Thursday, 
IBM was trading at S6L625, down 37.5 

That wins Mr. Gerstner a fair measure 
of respect, but he still has a long way to 
go. while many strategists and analysts 
are touting IBM as a buy, a number of 
others have cooled their ardor for the 
company, saying the stock cannot main- 
tain its current growth. 

“If you have ridden it up from the 40s. 
1 think you probably should take some 
chips off the table,” said David Wu, an 
analyst at S.G. Warburg & Co. That is 
exactly what Jay P. Stevens, an analyst at 
Dean Witter, has done. He began recom- 
mending the stock last summer; last 
week, be changed his rating to to neutral 
from buy. 

Both analysts are bullish on the long- 
term prospects for IBM. and they offered 
complimentary reviews of Mr. 
GenstneFs performance so far. But the 
company still faces major hurdles and is 
fully valued now, they said. 

“The stock price today is discounting 
a strong *94 and a strong ’95,” Mr. Wu 
said. “To make money from here, you 
have to be sure that ’96 will be a good 

Under Mr. Gerstner. an outsider who 
was wooed from his post as chief at RJR 
Nabisco Inc., IBM has tackled many of 

See IBM, Page 13 


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Saurtn; Reuters. 

By Erik Ipsen 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Latin Ameri- 
ca’s debt crisis of the 1980s may 
not have been such a bad thing 
after aD. according to a study on 
productivity by the management 
consultants McKinsey & Co. 

The study, being released 
Friday, concludes that the po- 
litical and economic changes 
wrought by that decade have 
paid off with surprising speed. 

“Latin America is rapidly 
closing the gap with the devel- 
oped countries,” said Me Kin- 
sey’s Gustavo Lopetegui. one of 
the report’s authors. “We did 
not expect to see productivity 
increase so dramatically." 

The report is the result of a 
nine- month examination of la- 
bor productivity in four indus- 
tries in the region’s five largest 
economies. It reveals, though, 
that irrespective of the pace of 
change, Latin America still has 
a long way to go. It found that 
on average, productivity in the 
banking, processed food and 
steel industries ranged from 29 
percent to 37 percent of the 
levels in the most productive 
industrialized nations. 

Only in telecommunications 
was the picture markedly 
brighter. There, the economies 
of Argentina. Brazil, Colombia. 
Mexico and Venezuela had an 
average productivity level only 
20 percent below that of die 
United Stales, and productivity 
in the newly privatized telecom- 
munication industry of Colom- 
bia actually led that of the Unit* 
ed States by a small margin — 
though the authors noted that 
the U.S. industry itself suffered 
from a lack of full-fledged com- 

One of the most encouraging 
and surprising conclusions of 
the report is that the blame for 
Latin America's lagging pro- 
ductivity lies not with the skills, 
education or even attitude of 
labor as much as it does with 
management and government. 

“The common wisdom sug- 
gests that a lack of labor skills 
hinders productivity in the re- 
gion.” said Mr. Lopetegui. “But 
we found that not to be the 

Recent experience, he says, 
has proven that when the incen- 
tives are right, productivity can 
mushroom. Argentina's two 
privatized telecommunications 
companies offer the most strik- 
ing example. In the last four 
years they have pared employ- 
ment by 40 percent while in- 
creasing the number of phone 
lines by 60 percent. In the pro- 
cess, productivity in the sector 
improved from 32 percent of 
U.S. levels in 1989 to 66 percent 
last year. 

Similarly, a combination of 
privatizations and prying open 
markets to foreign producers 
has seen steel production in the 
five nations nse by 10 percent 
while the industry shed nearly a 
third of its jobs. " 

Even more revealing, the re- 
port contrasts the recent perfor- 
mance of the state-owned 
phone giant Telebras in Brazil 
with that of a private Brazilian 
phone company, CTBC. The 
former had productivity at 59 
percent of U.S. levels, while the 
latter actually beat the North 
Americans, with productivity at 
103 percent of U.S. levels. 

The report noted that in three 
industries “the way managers 
organize their labor force large- 
ly explains the lower levels of 

productivity in Latin America." 
(The exception was the highly 
fragmented and small-scale 
food industry.) 

More specifically, the re- 
port’s authors repeatedly fault- 
ed the region's excessively “hi- 
erarchical” organizational 
structures, many of which have 
more than a dozen management 
layers. These, the authors said, 
“have created an internal need 
for complex bureaucratic pro- 
cedures, riddled with redundant 
and unnecessary tasks.” 

Nowhere, said the authors, is 
that more the case than in the 

region’s largely state-owned re- 
tail banking industry. Overall, 
the banking industry in the five 
largest Latin American nations 
operates at productivity less 
than 30 percent the U.S. level 
The authors, for example, 
found that employees of Bra- 
zil's state-owned banks — who 
on average are only half as pro- 
ductive as their private-sector 
brethren — nonetheless are 
paid three times as much. 

In the absence of competi- 
tion, Mr. Lopetegui said, com- 
pany managers have little rea- 
son to concern themselves with 




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fege 12 


Earnings Outlook 
Weighs on Stocks 


C vSf* * °" Suf i Fmt 

abSJffh aad {“Bering worries 
aboui the weak dollar 

9°* i° nes industrial av- 

3<5£fi» e * ^J -68 Points, to 
3.699.09, its first close be low 

U.S. Stocfcg 

3.700 since May 16. Losing is- 
sues outpaced gainin g ones by a 
~~to-l ratio on the New York 
Stock Exchange. 

Tl Pe price of the benchmark 
U.S. 30-year Treasury bond 
slipped 2/32. to 86 10/32. taking 
the yield up to 7.40 percent from 
7.39 percent Wednesday. 

Financial markets continue to 
be buffeted by sentiment that 
the weak dollar would prompt 
Ibe Federal Reserve Board to 
raise rates after its policy-mak- 
ing Federal Open Markets Com- 
mittee meets on July 5 and 6. 

Higher interest rates discour- 
age stock investors because they 
could slow the economy, hinder 
corporate profit growth, raise 
corporate borrowing costs and 
make stocks less attractive Than 
some fixed-income investments. 

Many analysts are already 
lowering their earnings expecta- 
tions for several companies. 

“There's nervousness about 
the likely level of economic ac- 
tivity in the second half of the 
year,” said Christie McClellan, 
managing director of Robert- 
son, Stephens & Co. “It’s the 

RATES: Bundesbank Holds Firm 

Continued from Page 11 
ment to either the Lombard rate 
or the repo rate to aid a weak 
dollar and give a boost to ner- 
vous German bonds and shares. 

German share and bond mar- 
kets, recovering gradually from 
sharp falls at the start of the 

Foreign Exchange 

week, registered only mild dis- 
appointment when no rate cut 
was delivered. 

But, as expected, the Bundes- 
bank gave strong verbal aid to 
markets by stressing that cur- 
rent inflation fears were un- 
founded and that a weak dollar 
was not in Germany’s interests. 

Speaking just two weeks be- 
fore a summit meeting of 
Group of Seven officials in Na- 
ples. Mr. Tietmeyer made clear 
that Germany also backed U.S. 
views that inflation in America 
was under controL 

U.S. Treasury Secretary 
Lloyd Bentsen said on Wednes- 

day that he was concerned 
about the level of the dollar, 
which has fallen to around 1.60 
Deutsche marks from 1.64 DM 
late last week, and said Group 
of Seven officials were watching 
developments carefully. 

“I have noted Lloyd Bent- 
sen's comments.” Mr. Tiet- 
meyer said. “Of course the 
Bundesbank is not interested in 
a weak dollar.” 

“The Bundesbank is basical- 
ly interested in a currency rate 
stability, which is based on fun- 
damentals.” he said. 

In New York, the dollar 
closed mixed against major cur- 

It fell to 1.6040 Deutsche 
marks from 1.6054 DM 
Wednesday but rose to 101.35 
yen from 101.00 yen. The dollar 
"also ended at 1.3505 Swiss 
francs, flat from Wednesday, 
but slipped to 5.4830 French 
francs from 5.4853. The pound 
rose to $1.5385 from 51.5320. 

Via AlMMed !■■«» 

OaHy dosings of £ba ■ 

' Dow Jortgs industrial average 

kind or market where buyers 
turn into sellers in a moment.” 

Automobile and computer 
shares led the stock market's 
fourth slump in the past five 

Amo stocks were hit by con- 
cern that June sales would 
weaken from May, partly in re- 
sponse to this spring's rise in 
interest rates. “Whenever the 
market gets an interest- rate 
cold, the auto group catches 
pneumonia,” said David HeaJy. 
an analyst at S.G. Warburg. 

General Motors fell 1% to 
50%, Ford lost I to 57%, and 
Chrysler dropped ^ to 47tt. 

Technology companies fell 
amid doubts about tbe indus- 
try’s earnings prospects after 
Lotus Development released a 
bearish earnings forecast this 
week. Lotus fell 2 11/16 to 33% 
on Thursday. 

Cisco Systems was the most 
actively traded over-the- 
counter stock, falling 2 Vi to 21. 
A SoundView Financial Group 
analyst downgraded the maker 
of computer networking prod- 
ucts to a hold from a buy and 
said Cisco faced increased com- 
petition that could hurt ics prof- 
it margin. 

Computer disk drive makers 
fell after an analyst at Mont- 
gomery Securities chopped his 
earnings estimates for three 
leading companies. Seagate 
Technology lost 1% to 19, 
Quantum Coip. fell 1 Yt to 1 1%. 
and Conner Peripherals shed 
to 11%. 

(Bloomberg, AP ) 

Dow Jones Averages 

Open Hteh low Lon eng. 

Indus 3725 09 3741 J6 36*4.02 3699*9—33X8 
Trans 16Z3.0S 163942 1620.B4 KfiSxs -4x4 
UIB 179.47 IBBJ3 I 7SJS 17*39 —1-51 
comp HW JO 130SA1 1291X0 129123 — 1.93 

Standard ft Poors Indexes 

SP 100 
UtUil les 
Firm nco 

Meh Low La« aw. 

4X.B0 4)6,17 41AJH —2X5 
454.1* 449.43 449.63 — 3X6 
53858 523L59 522*3 — Wf 
J75.09 390.64 390.77 —0-54 
155.27 15*JO 154_53 — 0X0 
43J8 44.91 44.92 —0-38 

NYSE Indexes 

O .J F f 

A M . J 

NYSE Most Actives 





K men 


















- v» 


+ 3*4 



51 'k 







19*. « 

19? e 


31 w. 




33*. 32 W, 

14ta 13'* 
18 Vi 17* 
48* 47* 

30* 30* 

41 * 37* 
13* 1114 

HHi Law La* Ob. 

Composite 75046 348.20 2483? —1X8 

industrials 308.47 305.43 305XO —128 

Tranw. 347.73 744.84 244*5 —145 

UlWty 705.09 303.48 2M*D —OX? 

R nance 313.83 31103 21209 —122 

NASDAQ Indexes 

High Lew Last On. j 

Composite 71167 70025 700.85—11.89 

industrials 725.07 712.65 71245—11.93 | 
Banks 754.76 751.79 7S2.DS —1x5 

IrmiraiCG 905.15 BUM 89864 — 5JJ1 

Finance 93tJ30 934.93 934.92 —622 

Tronao. 695.11 690-53 490.52 —086 

AMEX Stock Index 

HSgh Lew Last cfro 
43420 431.07 43131 —1.91 

Dow Jones Bond Averages 

Close Chin 

20 Bonds 96.M —MB 

K) Utilities .9483 In 1 !? 

TO industrials 1BMS +M7 

NASDAQ Most Actives 

NYSE Diary 



M lcstt s 




Oracle s 

Nov ell 





Cvnx CP 

VOL Hrtlh 
145305 23 
60967 2049 
53565 53% 
42329 125, 
40501 31 W 
39806 3415 
39299 3615 
36265 15% 
34022 '. n 
33885 17 
32911 73s 
32001 601. 
31 041 47 
29997 34 
38879 XT * 

Last cm 
31 —29a 

If — 1% 
SOU — 1H 
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28ti —3'* 
33*. — 2'W, 
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58% — 1% 

439* —31* 

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to —I’m 

Advanced ™ >266 

Declined 1«« 22 

Uncrranood WB 

Total issues 2M0 &26 

new Highs 13 72 

New Lows 70 61 


Close P r tvton s 

BW Ask 8H AW 

ALUMINUM (High Grade) 

Pollers per in e ni c ton 
Spot 1458M MSN# 14£lXO WOOD 

forward 148700 14883)0 1471 J» 147200 


. Denars per metric Mo 
Sod 360116 246000 2436X0 240701 

Forworn 24830) 24MJ0Q M5U» 24524)0 


Doctors per metric ten 

Scat SHOT 539 JM SX08 080 

Forward 5S5J0 5566)0 55400 5576)0 


Dollars pot metric taa 
Seat 6395JB 64O5J00 639a« 648000 

Forward 648500 649000 448000 649000 


Dollars oar mtrfc tan 
Saal 368® 5573X0 5570X0 558000 

Forward 5645X0 5650X0 5640X0 5650X0 

ZINC (SPcchd MM* Grtide) 

OeHars per metric ton 

spot 979X0 980X0 904X0 985X0 

Forward 1004X0 1005X0 HOT 50 1010X0 


Hmh Lew Class Change 


ismxob ■ pit m iso pet 

Sep 94.42 94J7 94X0 +0X4 

Dec 93X7 9178 93X5 + 0.11 

Mar 93.10 93X7 93.16 +0.15 

Jl m V2-53 92*3 92X2 +0.17 

See 91.99 91X9 91X7 +0.14 

Dec 7155 91 A3 91X3 +0.16 

Mar 9U3 91.12 91X3 +0.17 

Jim ■ 91X4 90X3 91X3 +0.19 

S3® rnfH 91L71 90X2 +020 

Dec 7065 70.S6 9065 + 020 

MOT ia M 90J0 9046 +021 

Jssffl 9830 9024 9830 + 820 

Est. volume: 65.131. Open hit.; 520791. 
5ep 94X6 94X5 MXB +0X6 

Dec 94.15 94.14 94.18 +0X9 

Mar 93X8 93X8 93X3 +0.12 

Jun 9380 9380 9384 +0.12 

SOP 9325 9325 ,9841 +0.12 

Est. volume: 300. Open Int.: 58*7. 

DM1 raRtlOO - pts at ISO pet 

sea *!?«■*«■“ -am 

94X5 — 0X2 

94X6 —0X1 

9420 +0X3 

93X1 +0X4 

P1A4 +OJM 
9384 +06)4 

9327 +0X7 

93X6 +0X6 

92X7 +0X7 

7287 +007 

92X3 +0X7 

hit.: 874216. 

Hioh low Lost Settle CUV* 

I SI 8SS&SIS9'lH=a 

mp ms ss uts iss=is 

| EkL volume: U01B. Open W. 90X98 

i uX. dethws PW borreWots otlXMbormj 
I An 1741 17X6 17X7 1726 +0.17 

S«P 1725 16JT 17.19 T720 +0.13 

a 5 I7.K l+M JMJ J7M +OM 

i Mov 16X4 16X0 16X6 17X3 + 007 

DM lSn 16X3 16.99 

JOP 16X2 1628 16X2 17X1 +0X7 

FA ion WA 16X3 16X3 —0.18 

£S )£» 1670 16X5 16XS +0X2 

I APT NX N.T. N.T. 1670 -tt!4 

est. vehnna: 33X18. open ltd. 137X50 

Stock Indexes 

MOD LOW Close Cboape 

(25 permtu palet 

SOP 29900 29260 29KX -33X 

Doc N.T. N.T. 2944X — 33X 

Est volume: 15.580 Open InLi 51X61. 

U.S. /AT THE CLO SE ^ - 

Maker of Peanut Butter to Cut Jo * 

ENGLEWOOD CLIFFS, NcwJerscy ^ [Cr> ^ Thu.^:;.; 
tiocal tat, the maker rf MOO jobs- « abc “‘ 

would close plants around the r«?mcturmg. , „ 

■percent of its work force. m _f c ® a j£J rinE would reduce ^-‘. 7 . 

The company said the nstmcmnaf JSL. C p C .one«rf ‘‘‘J 
quarter profit by S227miUiom ^-“ n ^ 5 h Yted Stuio- 
fiM Sakers at processed OM***,, 

SI 16 million, or 76 cents a share, m last v^, itvus 

AD of the plant dosings on which facifi:^ 

business, but no decisions have been made 
be shut down, said a company spokesman. 

Delta and Aeromesdco FormLudt ^ 

ATLANTA — DdtaAir ^<2 

^omexico approvat 


S^^^xS^XO 1934X0 +S* 
5G| 194080 1W7XD imoo +25X0 

3e? )«&n 19UA 1946X0 Tauta 

& it?: K-saatw 

Es). volume: 41803. Open Int: 8+7*7- 
I sources: Motif. Associated Press. 
London Inti Financial Futures Excfko&Cr 
ion Petrotovm Exchange 

AMEX Diary 

AMEX Most Actives 




















+ >* 















9225 45'ks 



— i-vi 

83(6 32% 



+ 1% 










+ '* 

6338 28% 



■ % 





— % 

Advoncwl 219 JS 

OecUned 337 zre 

unchanoed MB 

TWas issues 804 793 

NewHFOtlS 8 10 

Nowlom 32 15 

1 NASDAQ Diary 

AdvanoM H34 i«9 

Oecflned 1*65 

unotanaed 1975 1W7 

Total bPies 505* 505> 

New Hiatts ,45 53 

New Laws Iff! U6 

Spot Cowvnod i tl es 



Est. vo him 

FF3 mlUloa - Pts at 189 pet 
Sep 9642 «43S 96J6 +gg 

Dee 94.11 93.96 94X5 +087 

Mar 9177 93X6 9372 +0.10 

JM 93X1 93X7 9144 +1 

Sep 93X9 93.1* 93X2 + 0.14 

Dec 9JXHT 9293 93X0 +0.15 

MV 92J7 92X0 + 0.12 

JR 92.75 92X5 9220 +0.13 

Est. volume: 81X80. Owen tat: 189203. 

sas%vffi5 w .<> 

s 5 Ȥ? wdS +^ 2 i 

Dec 99-12 99-12 99-14 +0-J1 

Est WD hone: 76X39. Open M.: 7282921 
DM 2S8L88B - «tl Of MO PCt 
S«a 9222 91X4 9243 +0X3 

Dec 92X0 9145 9120 +053 

Est volume: 216X61 Open bit: 164X37. 

F £500*00 

ptsof 1M 








+ 1J6 





+ 128 






Market Sales 


Aluminum, lb 








tn minions 


4: «o 






Copeer electrolytic, lb 
Iran FOB, too 

Lead, lb 

Silver, troy ox 

Steer ? scrap), tan 

Tin. lb 
















Est volume: 360X07. Open M.: 140124. 


Htoh Low Lost settle arte 

156X0 154X0 155X0 15525 —1X0 

158X0 136X0 157X0 157X0 — 1X5 

16025 158X0 159X0 159J0 -1X0 

Company For Amt Pw Roc 


SSKS'Sr 0 " J a S 
: S 

Stratton Grw Fd - 1X9S 6X0 7-8 


Pioneer SM Etc n - X3 7< M 


° Z « ^ 

I Great Lakes Bcp - X4 7-1 7-31 


Q JOB 6-30 7-15 
. I JO 8-7 M. 
a .» 6X0 8-15 

8 44 7-8 8-1 

J05 7-1 7-15 

B .19 7-8 7-15 

At JM7 7-7J 7-79 
a X7 7-15 8-1 

Gwtnrwtt Bcjtu Q 45 7-7 7-U 

Helco Corp 5 7-8 

Kkwtard inv Q J-15 Mi 

sssffigssa 1 1 S 1 

gs.sai?c«, * | s s 

Tore Co Q .12 7-1 7-15 

Vamvora RE Fd I O .15 6-30 7-3 9 

vSneUBra RE Fd II Q .15 6G0 7-29 

a-aanoeti a par ot iia la caoeaan tmdw m- 
ntMimr; o+wartemr; MomMuMttal 


Evmy Saturday 
Contact Ftwd Rooan 
TsL {33 1)^6379391 
foe (33 1)46379370 
or your nearest HT offiao 

DELAYSs Europe 9 s Transportation Plans Derailed by Host of Problems 

Continued from Page 11 

knowledge the problems but 
say their program for trans-Eu- 
ropean networks is helping to 
cut delays. “That is one of the 
reasons why we have initiated 
the exercise, to try to inspire the 
member states to overcome tbe 
difficulties,” said Lars Mitek, 
an aide to the economics com- 
missioner. Henning Christo- 
phersen, who is steering the net- 
work program. 

But the delays have under- 
mined the commission's goal of 
launching a big new borrowing 
program to mobilize support 
for the networks and fill a fund- 
ing shortfall estimated at S bil- 
lion European currency units 
(56 billion) out of 32 billion 
Ecus to be spent in the next five 

Despite continued appeals 
from the commission president. 
Jacques Delors, EU finance 

ministers firmly rejected bor- 
rowings this month. They said 
there was no shortfall, given the 
slow phasing-in of construction 
and prospects for raising pri- 
vate capital. 

“The difficulty is not getting 
the .financing,” said Italy's fi- 
nance minister, Lamberto DinL 
“The difficulty is getting the 
planning and the authorization 
from load authorities.*’ 

In Belgium, Elio di Rupo, tbe 

federal minister with overall re- 
sponsibility for the rail project, 
will meet with Flemish and 
Walloon authorities July 1 to 
try to broker a solution to the 
regional conflicts holding up 
construction of high-speed 

Pierre Forum the director- 
general for ground transport 
under Mr. di Rupo, predicted 
an agreement would be reached 
within a few weeks. 

Delta sam that oeg ^orthW M««co m.'- 
Aeromexjco flights between Dallas-rort Wo an * is ^ween 
while Aeromwuco would purchase seats on Delta gu 
Atlanta aad Monterrey, a new Delra route. . ^ A ,j a nU 

On SepL 25 Aeromexico will begin new ser^ce be w ^ 

. and Mexico City, and the two earners will begin purest - 
on others' flights in this market- 

Durable-Goods Orders Rise 0.9% 

WASHINGTON (AP) — Factory. orders 
j surged 0.9 percent in May, with a bigjump m aircraft ana o 
goods leading the way; _ ;r> a CT ii was 

SffMSTo- ninth i, 6. W » 

months for durable goods, signaled that the economy ma> not bv 
slowing as much as earlier statistics indicated. OOwr^ 
the volatility of mfliiary and aircraft orders, said the nse was 
line with moderate growth. 

Official Denies Enhancing Nicotine 

WASHINGTON (Bloomberg) —Thomas Sandefur. chairnmn 
and chief executive of Brown & Wffliamson Tobacco Corp.^ . sajo 
Thursday that his company did not manipulate nicotine level, i 
its cigarettes to keep smokers addicted. , 

Tobacco companies have substantially reduced the amount or 
pimtme in cigarettes in the last 40 years, Mr. San defur told a 

House of Representatives subcommittee. . • . 

David Kessler, the head of the Food and Drug Administration, 
"accused Brown & Williamson an Tuesday of manipulating nico- 
tine levels. 

Nintendo to Escalate the Video War 

CHICAGO (Bloomberg) —Nintendo of America Inc., moving 
to counter a threat from Sega of America Inc. in the video-game 
industry, said Thursday that Acclaim Entertainment Inc. would 
introduce Nintendo’s first 64-bit video game in the fall or * 
Nintendo said its 64-bit Ultra 64 system, now being developed 
with Silicon Graphics Inc* would retail for about $250. 

Acclaim's 64-bit game, “Turok, Dinosaur Hunter,” will be the 
company’s first product to use characters from Valiant Comics. 

Chrysler Tops Automotive Cost Study 

DETROIT (Bloomberg) — Chrysler Corp. has the lowest costs of 
any North American automaker, but the.UJ. plants of Nissan 
Motor Corp. and Toyota. Motor Corp. axe still umre productive 
than any run by Detroit automakers, a study issued Thursday said . 

General Motors Corp. showed the most improvement, both at 
cutting costs and increasing manufacturing efficiency, in the two 
years since the. last report by Harbour & Associates, a manufac- 
turing consulting firm. Chrysler' was also by far the most profit- 
able of any North American automaker on a per-vehkle basis. 

While Ford Motor Co. continued to be the roost productive 
Detroit manufacturer, its product-devdopment costs allowed 
Chrysler to become the lowest-cost producer. . . j . - • 

For the Record 

First Data Corp. raised the price of its offer for Western Union 
FmandalServrcesThc. to $660 million. • (Reuters) 

Morton international Inc. is. splitting its stock 3-for-l and 
ra ci n g its dividend 18 percent. (Bloomberg) 

Federal Express Corp. is changing its name to FedEx, which it 
says has become part of the English language. (Bloomberg) 



Dan Season 
HWi Low 

Qeen tfian Law Oaw OR OaW 

Season Seam 
Hah Low 

(kwi M«n~'Law Oas» cna Or im 

A pmoj Franco Pntie June 33 
C) dm Pr*v. 


ABN Amro Hid 
ACF Holding 
Akzo Nobel 

Gist- Brocades 
Hun toe Douglas 

IHC CaLond 
Inter Mueller 
inn Nederhmd 



Pal varum 



Roval Dutch 
Van Ommerw 



AG Fin 

Del hake 


Havale Beige 
Sac Gen Banwe 
Tract ettei 

Union Mtnlera 
wagons Un 
Carrant stock hwto : 7382X7 
prevktos : 73lt.1t 


320 307 

451 447 

471X0 465 

*13 985 




39*0 3840 













9220 8870 









DAX hide* 

Previous ; 76240 


Aiitor-Yhtvma 1J 

Enso-Guteell 39/ 

Huhtmnald 11 

K.O.P. 10^ 

Kvmmene ri 

Metro '« 

Nokia 43 

PotiMa J 

Reoola 92-. 

Stockmann 2l 


Hong Kong 

3525 3525 
11 11 
25X0 3iJ0 
4125 41 

1040 10 

1170 1250 
52 52 

3725 34 

41X0 41 

14HJ 14X0 
20.10 20.10. 
St 2? 
85 84 

11X0 1140 
1520 1450 

13.10 1320 

3ZJ5 32 
21.40 21 JO 
59X0 57X0 
2920 2940 
14-30 1420 
10X0 10M 
21X0 21X0 
2130 22X0 
4725 46 

120 320 
56J0 56 

*3 ^ 

29 28.10 

11.10 1120 

11X0 71.70 




Anglo Amr 



Butte is 

Oe Beers 


Gen oar 



25X0 24X0 
123 >20 

3X3S IX 25 
9 NA 
NA 47^ 
113.75 1I3JS 
iTM 68 
11X5 UJO 
120 124 

25 26 




Gem Acc 


Grand Met 





HSBC Hkka 

Land Sec 



Legal Gen Gra 
Marks Sp 
Nafl Povms- 
NthWst Water 
P 80 
PworG en 
Rank Ora 
Reckin cm 
Red lent 
Reed Inn 
Rolls Royce 
RattHnn luniti 
Roval 5a>t 

Scot Newcas 
Scot Power 

Severn Trenl 



Smith Nenhew 
Smith Kline B 
Smith IWH) 
Son Alliance 
Tate 8 Lyle 
Thorn EMI 
TSB Group 
Utd Biscuits 
War Loan 3Vi 
Willis Corroan 
F.T.30 tndex;j 


nnw 3005 3020 

SCO Cent ral H ISP. 2610 26® 
Banco S anta nder 4*50 **70 

Taboeoio rn 

783 177 JO 
395 383 

2327 2285 
624 610 

1019 1005 
30^-60 30320 

407 404 

433 438 

680 m 
394 38* 

773 764 


Alcatel SEL 
Atuanz Hold 

3A3F 30X60 


Boy. Hyoa bank 
Bov Vereinstik 

BMP Bank 

Daimler Benz 
Dt Babcock 223X0 226 

Deutsche Bank 688686X0 
Douglas 200 538 

□resdnor Bank 36020347X0 
FetdmueMe 303 309 

F Kruoo Htoescn 210 306 

Haraener 329 ajv 

Henkel 582 587 

Hocntlet 1045 1010 

Hoecnst 331 326 

HMzmaim 88? 875 

Horten 218 ju 

IWKA 359 ass 

Kail Salz 133 131 

Karsladl 582 585 

Kaufhol SOI 498 

KHD 140 123 

Ktaecknar werke <42 133 

HiotivEid Steel 26X0 „ 27 : 

Kloof 5475 XA75 I PrevlOW . 297« 

989 960 

2955 2930 
2M5 21)0 
5900 SBBO 
245 239 

979 950 

3995 3860 
3440 3410 
1775 1740 
; 30424 

4 JO 
487 48? 

223X0 226 






Mucncn Rueck 






000 875 

181X0 178 

399 400 

403 391 

2900 2900 
70S 760 

437 432 

214 227 
41 5.1 040] JO 
MS 290 
987 9B1 

Float SSJ3 3475 

Nedbank Gro 3350 33X0 

Rondtanleln 45JS «J5 

Pusatat 95X0 97X5 

SA Brews 91 91 

5t Helena 49 IjA 

Stool 25X5 25-20 

Western Deep 200 200 

Composite Index. : 5688X4 
Prwloei : S7UJ8 


Abbey Nal'i 4 

Allied Lyons 54H 

Aria Wlealiu 248 

ArgvIlGraup 2X7 

An Bril Foods 5X8 

[Scotland 1X8 

BAT 3X0 

BET 1.14 

Blue Circle 2.78 

BOC Group 6.99 

Boots 5X8 

gawotar *49 

Brit Airways 1X8 

Brit Gas 262 

Bril Steel U6 

S Brit Telecom 171 

rn in 

i He Wire *27 

Cadbury Sch *32 

Coots vhrello TJi 

Comm Unkm 5.16 

Ceuruulds *90 

|CC Group U7 

Enterprise on *14 

Eurotunnel 2.76 


B oncgC omm 

Baffin group 



Cred Ital 
Fortin Rba 
Flat SPA 


IFI . 









Sal pern 

San Paata Torino 






Toro Asst RHp 
M iB Index : TM2 
i Previous : 1117 

Dominion Text A 
Donohue a 
M acMillan Bl 
Natl Bk Canada 
Power Cora. 
Quebec Td 
Quebecar A 

7S» 7W 
64k 6 

llto HVi 
174i 174k 
8 *k Bto 
18*k IBM) 
20 20to , 
1«ta 16to ' 
164k I6to 
IB to 17to 
6 6to 
12VS J? , 
: 1757.27 

Investor 8 
Norsk Hydro 
Pracortha AF 
Sandvik B 
S-E Bartken 
SJcandla F 

TreiictK' j bf 
V olvo 

Previous: 1764X3 

105 102 

100 97 

167 16S 

219 214 

118 TI7 
103 in 
7D7 1M 

*7 JO 47 

107 105 

148 150 

M2 142 
368 353 

101 100 

348 350 


Air UauMr 
Alcotd Abthom 

Bancalre (del 


aments Franc 
Club Med 
Euro Disney 
Gen. Eaux 

Lotaroo Cormee 
Lynn. Eaux 
oreni (L‘) 

Mlchelln B 

Pechlnsv mil 
Pernod- Rlcard 
Peugeot . 

Pinaull Print 

Rh- Poulenc A 
Ratt. St. Louis 
Saint Gabatn 

Ste Genera le 

CAC 40 Index : 1939X2 

Sao Paulo 

Boncodo Brosll 45 46X9 

Ocnesoa 22 21X0 

Bradcsco 14X0 15 

Brunma s«a mo 

Cemig 107 im 

Eletrobras 473 490 

Houtranoo 435 **5 

LI Wit 490 530 

PaiWDATOtM 38 38 

Petrobros 238 . 236 

Souza Cruz 12X6012X99 
Tateoras SB 97 

TMeSP 770 BW 

Usiminas 142 Z45 

vale Rio Ooce 343 MS 

Verio 240 220 

Barespa Index : 31 +09 
prevtoas : 3U76 


Cerebos , 8 7.VS 

Otv Dev. 6JD 6^ 

DBS 10X0 10.90 

Fraser Neave i**o 18X0 

Gentlng tBXO 18.'«i 

Golden Hope PI M !fl 

Haw Par 3X8 3.12 

Hume Industries Sjo UO 

Inchcope ,5X5 

Keooel 1060 10-80 

KL Keoang 3X8 206 

Lum Cnane 1X6 1*6 


Bougainville 088 

Coles Myer *18 

Comqlcn S36 

CRA 18-44 

C5R _ *78 

Fosters Brew 1X6 

Goodman FWd L33 

ICI Australia 10X0 

Maori Ian 1X5 


Nat Ausf Bank 10X0 

News Cora 8X3 

Nine Network 4+0 

N Broken Hill 3*3 

Poe Dunlap 431 

Pioneer inn 2x2 

Nmndy Pnselflon 2^0 

OCT Resources 1.49 

Santis 3.91 

TNT 2X9 

western Mining 8X4 

westpac Banking *33 

waodsMe *55 


nwiic IIBAWIltaJ 

Inchcope ,5*5 550 

Keooel 10x0 raxo 

a a- 


ski bJ *4 

Semoaw an a 11^ 11.20' 
Shangrlta Sg 

Slme Darby 3X2 3.92 
SiA foreton 12*0 ’2-lt 
ruore Lend 7X5 7.M 

eware Press 15*0 >5SJ 
Stags teamshlp 186 3X6 
SUore Telecomm 3*2 3*2 

Stnstts Trading Itf 
UgB foreign l|*0 l|» 

g5M®S :am4S 


Alcan Aluminum 314 6 3146 

Bank Montreal Z3to 23 

Bell Canada 45to 41W 

Bombardier B I9to 19 

Camblor I8to 18*4 


Asea A 

Alias CeP» 
Etactram* B 


S 5? 

BS u 
365 357 

387 387 

Akal EkKtr 
A&cM Chemical 
Asahl Glass 
Bank ot Tokvo 

Dal NWoon Print 
Dalwa House 
Dalwa Securities 
Full Bank 
Full Photo 



Hitachi CoWe 
Ito Yokoda 

Japan Airlines 
Kansol Power 
Kawasaki Steel 
Kirin Brewery 
Malsu Elec Inda 
Matsu Elec Wks 
Mitsubishi Bk 
Mitsubishi KasH 
Mitsubishi Elec 
Mitsubishi Hev 
Mitsubishi Cora 
Mitsui ana Co 

NGK insulators 
NlkkO Securities 
Nippon Kooaku 
Nippon Oil 
Nippon Steel 
Nippon Yusen 
Nomura See 

aiympus Optical 
Pione er 
Samm Elec 
SMnetsu Cham 

Sumitomo Bk 
Sumitomo Ch am 
Sami Marine 
Sumitomo Metal 
Tafsei Cora 
Talsho Marine 
Tokcda cnem 

Tokyo Marine 
Tokyo Elec Pw 
Taopan Printing 
Turov Ind. 

Yomaicni Sec 
a: * >00. 

Nttkel 2B ; 27*39 



AWttbj price 
Aon lea Eagle 
Air Canada 
Alberto Energy 
Am Barrlck Res 

Bk Nava Scotia 
BC Gas 
BC Telecom 

Canadian Pacific 
Can Tire A 

Conwesi Expi 
Dyie* a 

Echo Bov Mines 
Eautty Silver A 
Fed ind a 
F letcher ChallA 
Gult Cda Res 
Hoes Inti 
Hernia Gld Mines 
Hudson's Bay 

I PL Energy 


Luw hi 

Magna intIA 
Maple Leal 
Mark Res 
Mo Ison A 
Noma Ind A 
N u r amlu ine 
N or o u do Forest 
Norcen Energy 
Nthn Telecom 
Nava Cara 
Pasurln A 

Placer Dome 

Pooo Petroleum 
PWA Carp 
Rog ers B 
Rom mom 
Roval Bank Can 
Sceptre Res 
Sears Can 
Shell Con 
Shemn Gordon 
Soar Aerospace 
SteKo A 
Talisman Eoerg 
Tort B 
Toronto Damn 
Tarstor B 
Transaita Uhl 
TransCOO Pipe 
Triton FkH A 

I Trlmac 
Trine A 
unlcora Energy 


Vto Awndoled tow 

Season Season 
HWi Low 

Open teat! Law Close Cbg QpJnt 


WHEAT ICBOT) saoObunwnvm-ismniwBiaiW 
3X6 2.96 Jui« 3.18 to 3J0V» 116 ITJMi-iUD 11314 

15714 3JC Sep 9« 127 xavi 3L23M JJVk-CJSnk TIMS 

3X5 ll» Dec 94 337 3JBVi 334 3J4W-4UO 22*92 

3 MVs 317 Ma-95 3*0 3*0>* 3X6 336to-fiS4ft 3X30 

354to 1.16toMov95 3X2 33* 131 331 -OXJto <8 

3*3ki 111 M 95 3.18to 321 to 3.1 SW 321^: -*01 to 410 

Dec 95 XJtiti 4axito 2 

ESI. sales I3.SM3 Wmrs. sales 18X41 
wed's open M 54X89 Oft 1229 
WHEAT IKBOT) UwiniiMiun-MnwMM 
355 257 Julto 333 135V5 330 333to-O04 10X82 

ISSto 3X2toSep« I22'L 134 32BW Vm—OM 9X61 

3*0 3.t2toD«Cto 3*0 3*0to 3J4to 135 ~OX» 7336 

3J9 1 *! 325 Mor9S 3J9to 1*04* 136W 136to— OJMto 1*11 

146V. 321 to Mov 95 331 —0.03 22 

3334* 323toJUl9S 325 325 123 Vi 33* -0X2 61 

Elst «i*s NA Wed'S, sate 8*8J 
wed's open int 28,908 up 283 
CORN iCBOT) UMBumMmum-dMsiMrMiM 
llbto 2*1 Julto 2X9 *60 2X6 227*,*— 0014* 6*337 

3.73’- 2*0toSwM 253 2J3to 2*9 2J0Y.— dJC 1 * 46X28 

3.77 23d Vr Ore 94 2*4^ 2*7 243 Z43 — OXltolMXC 

2X2W 2*84* Mar 95 IXlto 2X4to 2X0% 2X04,-0014* 13X77 

2X5 253 May 95 2X6 2X9% IX5W 2X54*— 0014* 2X23 1 

LBSto 2X4 JJ9S 2X04* 261% 157 2X74*-O0lto 3X8* 

17055 2X1 RpH 2X1% 2X1% 2*9 2*9 -002 719 

2*3 2*3 Ok:« 2*4 2*514 2*3 2*2 —0X915 3*W , 

Est. sales 65X48) Wed’s, sales 94X«» 

Wed’s open hv 2®*17 an 913 

SOYBEANS ICBOT) MNbumMiiuii.MinMrlviM 

1*86 10X7 May 95 11X9 11X0 11X9 1138 +031 4336 

1282 MXTJWW IIX3 IIJC UXJ 1173 -02J 1X0 

11.90 taS70a93 11X8 1167 11X8 1167 +028 WB 

11X0 lOXBMorto 1167 <-020 69 

Esi. sales 25365 Wed’s.salm 38*64 
Wed-sraenlm 125X13 off 2374 
COCOA IMCSO n: nweic tom- » n«r Ion 

999 Julto 1245 
imo Sep 94 1299 

1041 Dec 94 1338 
1077 NOT 95 1367 
1225 Jul 95 
1265 Sep 91 
1350 Mar 96 

EAsrtes 7X39 Wed's. stees K670 
WarsonmW 49X72 oH 1344 
135X0 UXOJUIM 09 JO 89JB 8530 87J5 -2XS SXBB 
134X0 90-50 SdPto 92JB 9L2S B9JK 9L08 —I JO 11/450 

13480 taXONovto 9430 *430 91.10 93*5 -0X5 2J43 

13288 95X0 Jan 95 9690 9690 905 961$ —0X5 1260 

134JS 97X0 Mar 95 9880 m50 9780 98X0 -065 1J97 

1105 10080 May 93 10080 W180 100.00 mjD +635 

11*80 10580 Jul 95 HD8Q +0X5 

1113) 10580 Sen « mxo. »U5 

Now 95 KKJO *U5 

EsLsmrn &000 Wad’s. soles 1 800 

Wed*« open hit 21X36 dp ISO 


M GRADE COPPER (NCMX} suoae^miemrto. 

11170 74. 10 Junto WL« 11328 113.10 miO -0.15 2S5 

11*35 7420 Jul M 11320 11380 TIUB 11385 —0.15 T7X99 

11*75 7*90 Sep 9( 11320 11480' 11168 U3X0 -8.10 20*09 

112X0 7J23DrCto 11220 1)220 11180 11170 — *20 7*23 

10800 7690 Jot 95 111 JO HI JO 111 JO 111 J5' -020 329 

10780 7300 Fieb 95 1)130 11130 111 JO 1HL8S -03B 232 

111-25 7300 Mar 95 11060 110X0 110® 112*0 -0120 £291 , 

10060 7685 May 95 1WX0 -020 792 ' 

107X0 7S80JUl« 10B7D —020 708 , 

112X0 7530 Aug 95 11380 113X0 1I3J0 11330 —0-10 704 

10580 TV. 10 Sen 95 100*0 108.40 10880 10785 -020 567 

111X0 7520OCT95 11310 11110 11310 112*3 -035 276 

9280 77 75 NOW 95 112*0 IT280 U3X0 T1225 —0.15 23S 

105X0 SUM £»C 95 107.15 —Q20 744 

92X5 2821 Jot ?6 10695 — 02t <1 

97X0 6270 Mar 94 106X0 -020 

10565 91.10 Apr 96 110*0 110*0 110*0 109* -020 74 

EH-Klei 12*00 Wed's. idee 33*80 
Wed’s open Irt 62213 up 1107 
SO.VER (NCMX) UBataBroL-aeeiperirayae. - 
54*0 51 55 JOT 94 547X 5478 50* 5382 +16 1 

M6S 371X6X94 SWX 546 X 5155 53*5 +U «630 

558* 543*Aueto 541* tTJ 4 

590J 3765 Sea 94 54*0 551 J SOX 5433 *12 42.176 

! 076 3808 Dec to 551* 59* 548* 5502 *12 19,2)5 

5648 4018 Jan 95 552* +12 32 

6040 41 65 MOT 95 56U 565* SSLS SOU *1.1 6JB3 

6065 4188 May 95 5*7-5 S99X 5S9X 5642 . +1* 3263 

6HU1 *018 Ail 95 5715 5732 571* 570* *09 1X72 

615* 493* Sep 95 374.1 439 

6288 539-0DBC9S 008 5700 5878 5838 *0kf 2*64 

3758 5758 Jun 96 58U +07 1 

41*0 5K*A4otW ■ . - 5954 +07. - 3 

EA tales 37*00 Wed's, sales 5&9B1 
WUTs open lid 127X70 UP 2SB 
PLATINUM (NMER) »iie«.eeni ne w. 

W80 357JOA4M 407*0 408X1 403.10 40640 -1X0 0749 
«580 36*«OcfM 4ULSB 41280 *18011 4W80 — IJO 13165 

+9 728 

+19 37*37 
+30 1131 1 
+20 8250 
+30 2640 
+20 2846 
+20 l.US 
*20 3*80 
• 30 111 

7X0 SJitoJkXM 667 673 4*4 665Vi— 0*1 to 288B4 

785 6J8 AU9to 680 AM A 5* A61 to -ttlH Vi 22.468 

7-fKto 417 Sep to 6*tto 6X5Vr 646 647%.— 082 1CU.10 

7X7W SXStoNwto 632 644 6*2 636 -082 to 73^73 

7.04 613 Jan 95 A39Vi 649V. 6J9to 6A2V.-O01 4.2W 

7.D5 618 Mo-95 6*SVr 6X5V4 645to 64S1A— 08(H* 2.7*6 

7 05V. (Jl May 95 tM'r, 6X7to 4*B 6X0 —081V. 2*46 

7.06’A *34 JO 95 6X3 661 to 652 654V. +080to 2851 

*35to 5X1tol*w95 413 616 611to 611)0-002 

Est tales 33*00 WM**. sales 6*391 
Wed’s open H lSlJOafl «24 

191 XC 


-OM 15*26 
-0X0 19,945 
— n <n iLsn 
— 0.10 1 U 0 S 
-0X0 l^fflS 
—0*0 1J92 
-0X0 635 

—870 419 

23080 11&20JUI94 192X0 

m00 105X0 AuaW 191X0 

210X0 lKLlOSepto 191JI 

307X0 18080 Od M 18BXD 

209X0 17880 Dec 94 I87XC 

307X0 17800 Jon 95 189X) 

207X0 181 80 Mar 93 109X0 

30780 181 80 May 95 !8B_X 

20*80 182X0 Jul 9S 190*0 

Est. sales 2S8W WerTs sa 
Wad's open int 80*76 off 04 
SOYBEAN Oft. tCBOT) 4MHM- tgemeMle. 

3082 71X5 Jul W 2780 27.16 2690 3697 -801 14*19 

30A5 27 AS Aug to 2490 Z7.I7 26.90 27X0 15*21 

3814 2240 SOP M 2*XS 27.10 26X2 2691 12.119 

29X4 22.IOOCf« 8LH7 2475 2446 26J» +8QS 8998 

2487 22X0 DK to 2430 2AS3 3416 2632 +8® 2*5® 

2435 22*5 Jot 95 2415 24* 2415 2427 +809 2*81 

3430 24X0 MO* 95 25.91 1430 25.98 2611 +803 7,371 

2385 24X2 May 95 2590 2420 1390 2685 +802 1.290 

27X3 J4X5JW9S 2610 2680 2680 *0X5 371 

27 JO 2&XDAU093 2i» 2685 2550 2480 +813 23 

Est. soles 10X00 Wed-ASOte* 18*29 
Wetfsooenir 1 B2J42 up 371 

+U 49*30 
+TJ 4 
+ 1 J 19X35 
+ 1J 32 
+ 1.1 6JB3 
+ !X £3*3 
+89 1*72 

+89 2*64. 
+ 05 1 

♦89. - 3 

Est. soles 365,788 WWs.*iA*3 40,m 

WWsc pmkir 2*88245 up WB 

WtlllSH POUND tOIBO in-egui+lHWeaPIIUNl 

1X45* 1*4405(0 to 1X784 1X404 1X377 1JRB *76 34127 

1X4® 1*300 Dec W 1X230 1X390 1X330 IXK2 +76 <13 

1X400 l*4CMar96 . 1J3S4 +7* 17 

EcL sates UCfl .WtaTfcsrSK T£7M 

wwsonenu 34557 off ISM ■ 

CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMSU s«rdk- ipomteewlsMaaDi 
87740 OTSHJCpW B7U7 0J7W* 0J17S 871*4 -I 36*91 

0JB70 87054 Dec 94 07140 87W5 DJ138 0714) —1 2.711 

87603 87020 Mar 95 87T00 47160 07100 87K7t —1 6(7 

87522 0X990 Jun « 8705/ —1 149 

87160 0X9*5 Sec 9i 0JWS 47815 87015 83013 . —1 50 

Est. sobs 3823 Wed's, sale* 3.979 - 
wwrteominr «fl 76 off in 

GERMAN MARK ItMER) s<wmark-tM<ee«mnoeei 
46293 0X600 Septo 0 .6223 86X8 0X200 0*336 . +W> 7BJ29 

0X277 45590 Dec W 86215 0X246- 86715 0X30 +10 2.172 

0X040 0X980 Jot 95 8*261 +10 IS 

5«P 95. . . 0X2#9 +10 1 

0X250 OJHPMcrto ’ - 0X250 *10 710 

Est.sONB 34011 Wed'AirftB 47X90 
Wad’s open or HJ27 off 4a» 

JAPAtaESBYQT [CMER1 ser e-yen. jmigm MMI 

IU)W»W800»«2SePto 80a9to9a0099Bni)CI9D9W*l79M5 -38 61X84 

■umn aaiOTSSSDra 94 80100011801 0IM7DJIQ995D8(n 0016 —38 2.945 

8DlBZ7SUn9776Jun9S 0311080 —38 17 

a*5W2msaw«iMarMaj3fromeKfflW)Bws9ji£iBM -x so 

Est. soles 766 Wed- v sales 37J72 

Wed’s open Int 6*559 up 1«5 

a-KSi E'RANC tCMOTI seer tape. I poke eaucenAwei 

87490 86KI05OPW 87403 07436 87380 87422 +10 46,955 

07505 86888 DOC M 87440 87447 87422 87036 *10 944 

. Junto 87483 +10 5 

87443 8705 MOT S*S 87430 tW 7 

Est. sates 17*13 Wied's. sales nxn 

Wed’s open W 47*M off K37 


COTTON 2 (NCTN) SBX Wfc . cw ei perte. 
to65 »X0^JlW 75X0 7SJ0 7114 73.H -2M AMI 

.7850 - 77.CKAUB94 73X0 ,-l « 

78X0 WXIOctM 7871 75JS 74X0 75.15 -855 7JHS 

V33 59*8 Dec to 75X5 73J8 74*0 7500 ZKmbT 

7815 47X0 MOT 93 7A15 7A20 7151 7US HflXD 

S*®* 1 ??!.** 7UD 7t “ Za 30 2JM 

7875 78XDJUI95 76S4 7695 76*3 77Xn — fljn 

74J0 71 BO Oct K 7X*S 73X5 73J0 73*5 u, 

72J0 71X5 Dec 95 71.97 7100 71*5 7LM —nip ™ 

fe-sales 16*00 WedTfcsdes 4973 ™ 

Wed’s open H 44763 off 757 

+885 25*70 

as- ss ss as 

39JI0 4ift)DflC9fl *ci Jfl Cain n ** urv rS 

025 diSJonVS Sw fW jfl So n J^ 838 

S6JS 47JWFM193 5135 f«S Tni? 

WX0 (7X0 MOT to 52J0 QX0 aS s§ 

ssn • ■ gg, 

as H i ^ 

SS S5S£% S *g 

St2S 5170 Dec 95 Sg +J2J 

MnlK ruin 111^. .u. — ... +0J5 

556 547 

1280 1240 
3140 3090 
1510 1460 
750 742 

822 814 

2300 2170 
965 W7 


1 1 
1315 1350 

ria 21a 

120 120 
731 725 

7475 7325 


CATTLE iCMERI ASM fee. -cents peril 
7X27 SJ JO Junto 6400 63*0 (3X0 

7387 (0.15AUBW 62X5 tax 63X5 

WO eXTOOOW MM 67.1 S 46X0 

7430 67 JO Dec W 0.10 6872 68*2 

7425 4790 Feb 95 49.15 69XB 0.19 

75. K *9*0AOT»5 70X0 70a5 7030 

71X0 6690 Am 95 47X6 (7.70 67X0 

EM. tales note Wetfs.MAw 19*13 

wetfs onyilnl 76,727 OT 1192 
8400 n.WAWW 72X0 7X57 7255 

81J0 71*0 SePto 7416 7495 7415 

91X5 70.75 Oct « 72.12 7300 72.10 

S84» 77.40 to 73X0 7417 73*0 

Sto 7495 Jot«* 74M 7400 7420 

as msss 

Est- sores t.933 Wetfs. tolas 1.905 
Wed-sanonM 14938 OT 32 

& ^tssrssnssr 

3SOF 45X0 Julto 4600 46X5 4500 

OAO 44X0AUSW *.» 46X0 ASM 

49X5 414*0094 8H 80 fl* 

50X0 4305DBCM 43JD 4U5 4L1S 

5000 441SFC0K 0X0 <460 4112 

4800 fflJOAprto S-S SU 

57X0 47*) Jun to M tOM 47X0 

mm 47X0 AX 95 .47X0 47X0 4750 

Eel sates 5.153 WetTs-sokn MOS 
werrsooenlrt aywoff J009 

c on 39 JO All 94 40X0 4800 4000 

5980 fitoSuBM VX »XS 39X5 

61.15 39.10Ftb« U JO 005 46.90 

6890 3860 MOT 95 4A8D 47.10 46X0 

4100 <7X0 MOV « 48C 80 CLO 

5200 SaOBA*« UM CJB «JD 

a iwo 

399 389 wee’s open Ml 7*H OT J0» 

i a 

770 769 

1147 1110 
705 695 

1325 NA 

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juslcoH, to@ free, 

05 437 437 

COFFEE C (NCSe) 07*tote>.-OT«>MriL 
1*5X0 &4.?0JUiM 12JX0 137X0 1S4J5 

}Sgn MXOSeeW 121X0 129JS 12660 

I MOO 77X0Decto 1300 121*0 126X5 

isTTn 26J0MOT9S 12700 15800 126X0 

1MX SxoMovT* 127.W (27X5 12700 


nun mooseovs 

94 1 IA7 1415 11*5 

2X0 4J90QU W 1823 11.85 

1 2X0 ^MorOS M40 1107 11X0 

-813 US 
+820 36X52 


-805 10X51 
-OOI 8,167 
-802 4512 

+835 4.924 
+850 2*20 
+QJB 3J80 
+830 1*30 
+805 8 

+836 605 

+005 73 

+805 98 

-8X3 360 

-an 4X5i 

-0X5 500 

— 0X0 303 

-8xo sa 

-200 41K 
—200 4,18* 
-820 621 
—837 40 

—200 n 

-300 13 


—1.15 30*67 
-860 13*84 
+830 7X74 
. 1.112 
4825 227 

4851 37 

♦ 825 17.212 
*838 7X711 
+833 27,787 

E-SS^S J,U0 fla " fl1JD 52-S — >■» 1X24 Est sates 33*20 VM-LSWt 31,136 

S‘Se« S9 Si , A W 5 l £r 1 L«4« 4JW6 41190 - ,JD 1 ’“° , 1 ”e 8W w^3 

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s^s as :ks *■ ss S E S W 

s?s wooddw mis »ss ss .Sw ss assssfi E S § 

476X0 XaOSDKM B7M 399J0 X96W 397X0 +810XAASI 7US tSSjOTlto 11107 

SIS - SSSSS 17$ IK! IMS 5? 

41 8200a 9S 4lA» 1*SJ 38X0 )i73jOTf5 V 7 % i?-JS JJ-® ,B - 1 

42900 400X0 Dec 95 419X0 42100 41 9 JO 42000 4*51 1890 UMAueK ** ' I? ' 53 S’ 1 

47450 41 7X0 F* 96 424.10 566 19X4 lfc»5epW ! 8 - 1 

i^^SST^s.tates 49.155 42440 ma u ss a- « 

— : »» gags } 2 S SS ss SI 

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US T. BLUE ICMBQ sinUBm-eriannKt. - ESLsctes ,0 - v 

96*8 94X2 Sm 94 9539 9SJ1 9S38 95X1 +803 23J31 We<T30Pm!rt OT.Usot/ nio 1 "* 711 

96.19 9425DUCW W1 WX5 9449 9474 *tLOS 8S77 OTJLEaSSj OAMLM maS - — 

9505 WJIIteB 94*1 94X6 94*8 94*6 +006 1 066 6850 4410A494 "to, 

Est. sates 5*52 Wed’s. HI«n 2,967 - - 4000- 41S0AOT94 nin 54* 

wemepenM 3«Xio rdf 1176 ssos ■ ooosmw sf is S'S 5- 5 0 54* 

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106-18 HD-26 Doc 94 103-22 103-26 103-19 MU-23 ’ H S6® SSScH 54*0 S' m 5^ SS 

Est. uses 36X00 WecTs. sates 41*72 5860 SS MOO S-90 5*i 

wed^DPtetinr 177*00 att 2025 sue SLMPss&ys Sjo SS £« 

WYlLTReASURY (CBQT) iraunoortn- PnaaiMW EsttoH 38*77 u, — .V tL- 54.70 WT 

115- 01 101-18 Sep !» HW-19 106-31 Kte-14 184-23 + . 05 228119 WWs*WE( gT.ITTSt im 503,0 

114-21 MO-25 DOC 96 103-23 104-00 103-18 HD-25 + « 1*S3 — ^ 

111-07 Hto-ffiT MOT 95 HD-33 + 0* 64 • ■ . 

105-33 IMff Junto 102-06 ♦ 06 . 9 »OCK lnd«XCS 

EM. sates 67,993 WM> Xldes 94*31 SBPOOMP.MBEX rnem — . 

Wed’S aoeoim 2<7x*6 off 6928 

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118-26 90-12 Septo 103-22 HU-OI HD-08 WMa + 0* 323X8T 

118-08 91-19 Dev 94 in- H Ha-10 MB- IS HD-ffl + to SUM 

116- 20 99-14 MOT95W1-31 107-18 HB-31 OT-12 + « 3*51 

111-19 98-15 Junto 101-11 1014* 101-12 Jta-M + 0* 1,13* 

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95-17 86-18 Sep 94 9143 to-to ««* «-» —to 24.WI 

90-27 89-15 Dec 94 . 89*9 — » 9 

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91180 91878 Junto tIMI 9MM 9US8 KUDO t«m»B vrmr. loaearai 23n$ 

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OECD Tells Dutch 

To Trim Benefits 


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By Carl Gewirtz 

International Herald Tnbune 

PARIS — In unusually frank 
terms, the Netherlands was ad- 
monished Thursday to live up 
to its reputation for frugality 
and reduce the generosity of its 
welfare state. 

Both the tone and timing of 
the advice from the Organiza- 
tion of Economic Cooperation 
and Development appeared 
aimed at putting the Paris- 
based research group in the role 
of a Dutch uncle, stiffening the 
backbone of the government 
dec ted last month to pursue 
more vigorously earlier reform 
efforts whose results have been 
only “modest." 

OECD officials acknowl- 
edged that the report had been 
published with unusual speed to 
influence the new government 
The study was approved for 
publication June 13. Usually 
there is a two-month delay be- 
tween approval and publication. 

The OECD insists it is not 
urging the Netherlands to aban- 
don its “cherished notions of eq- 
uity, fairness and solidarity” but 
only to “better balance social 
> equity and economic efficiency.” 

' “However commendable on 
- social grounds," the report said. 

the current approach “may 
have become economically un- 
sustainable,” with unemploy- 
ment benefits now eating up 
nearly 10 percent of gross do- 
mes tic product — a level 
“markedly higher than in sur- 
rounding countries." 

The Netherlands is given a 
high score for its overall eco- 
nomic policy, which has kept the 
guilder strong and interest rates 
among the lowest in Europe. 

The report sees an urgent need 
for a “wide-ranging, reform of 
the labor market and welfare 
system.” It died an overall tax 
burden that is already one of the 
highest in Europe and a level of 
unemployment, broadly mea- 
sured at 26 percent, which is also 
extremely high by international 

“The goal should be to re- 
duce labor costs, redress the in- 
centive balance between work- 
ing and not working, and 
improve labor force skills and 
competencies,” the report stat- 
ed, and access to social security 
needs to be “restricted to those 
who can prove that they are 
entitled to a benefit” 

Tlie current disability plan 
“is unique” because of its low 
eligibility conditions and gener- 
ous payouts, the report said. 

Germans Turn Cautious 

Stock Investors Braced for Turbulence 

By Ferdinand Protzraan 

A'rti York Times Service 

BONN — Prices on the Frankfurt Stock 
Exchange have been in retreat since higher 
U.S. interest rates created turmoil in global 
bond markets in mid-May. That turbulence 
has prompted most experts to shift to a defen- 
sive strategy. Few expea any recovery to 
begin until the autumn. 

Until then, they see a volatile market with 
interest rales remaining the driving force. 
Some analysts are cautiously recommending 
the banking, insurance, chemical and steel 

‘Tm not as pessimistic as some analysis,” 
said Hans-Joachim Pilz, head or research at 
M.M. Warburg & Co., a private bank based in 
Hamburg. “1 think we will see prices turning 
higher in the autumn. But the Gennan stock 
market always reacts to the Gennan bond 
market, whidi has been a bloodbath of late.” 

The glum mood contrasts with the opti- 
mism that reigned while stocks pushed higher 
in the first three months of the year. Recent 
statistics, such as the 2. 1 percent year-on-year 
rise in gross domestic product in the first 
quarter, would seem to confirm that view. But 
investors, rather than bang reassured, fear 
that growth could heat up inflation. 

The other positive fundamentals have been 
overshadowed by developments in the bond 
markets, which touched off the downturn. A 
week after the U.S. Federal Reserve raised 
interest rates for the fourth time this year on 

May 17. stocks throughout Europe began 

Frankfurt’s 30-issue DAX index fell 72 
percent in the next nine trading sessions. It 
finished at 2.022. 10 on Thursday, well down 
from the 2J266.68 at which it began the year. 

A plethora of financial scandals involving 
some of Germany's most widely known banks 
and companies have led to a capital outflow. 

"These scandals d la Schneider have under- 
mined confidence in Gennan stocks, particu- 
larly among foreign investors,” said Albert 
Morillo, the head of European equities trad- 
ing at Scottish Widows, one of the leading 
British pension fund companies. “It is the sort 
of thing one didn’t think happened in Germa- 

Dr. Jurgen Schneider AG was Germany’s 
largest property developer until it filed for 
bankruptcy in April. Its namesake founder 
vanished, leaving debts of around S3 billion. 

The latest scandal arrived this month, when 
Balsam AG filed for bankruptcy after its 
board was arrested on suspicion of massive 
fraud. The company owes SO German and 
foreign banks about $900 milli on. 

The prospect of further increases in Ameri- 
can interest rates has also been pulling inter- 
national capital out of ihe German stock 
market, with much of it moving toward dol- 
lar- or yen-denominated instruments. Inves- 
tors moving funds into long bonds have add- 
ed to the downward pressure. 

Newspaper War 
In U.Km Hits 
Share Prices 


LONDON — Newspa- 
per stocks plunged Thurs- 
day after The Daily Tele- 
graph slashed its cover 
price by 30 percent, intensi- 
fying a price war declared 
by Rupert Murdoch, owner 
of The Times. 

“It’s a bombshell for the 
price structure of the na- 
tional newspaper indus- 
try,” an industry analyst, 
Derek Terrington, said. 
Telegraph shares sank 36 
percent, and analysts cat 
their forecasts for its profit 
by around 25 percent. 

The Independent fol- 
lowed The Telegraph with a 
one-day cot horns later. 
Analysts expect a perma- 
nent reduction in that 
newspaper's price too. Its 
shares are not listed, but 
stock in Mirror Group 
Newspapers PLC, which 
owns 20 percent of it, 
dropped nearly 13 percent. 

Ihe domino effect is ex- 
pected to increase pressure 
on the affing Daily Express. 
Shares in its parent, united 
Newspapers, also fell 13 
percent. Daily Mail & Gen- 
eral Trust, owner of the 
Daily Mail, fell almost 10 

Rothmans to dose 2 Factories as Profit Slumps 

Compiled by Our Staff Fnm Dispatches 

LONDON — The cigarette maker 
Rothmans International PLC reported a 
27 percent slump in pretax profit and said 
it would close factories in Berlin and The 
Hague to stay competitive in Europe. 

Pretax profit fell to £343.6 million ($526 
million) in the year ended March 31 after 
one-time charges, compared with £470.7 
million a year earlier. 

But its annual operating profit rose 5 
percent to £438.7 million, supported by a 
pickup in cigarette sales in fast-growing 
Asian markets despite a sharp decline in its 
European tobacco business. 

Rothmans, whose brands include Dun- 
hill and Rothmans, said its earnings fig- 
ures include a one-time pretax charge of 
£31.2 million for the reorganization of the 
company in October, which saw the 
group’s luxury goods interests spun off 
into Vendome Luxury Group PLC. Profit 
also included a charge of £1 23.8 million for 
cost-cutting and changes in its European 

Rothmans said total sales increased by 3 
percent to £2.49 billion, reflecting curren- 
cy exchange gains. 

Rothmans said it would pay a full-year 

net dividend of 132 pence per share, com- 
pared with 1 1.5 pence a year earlier. 

The worldwide volume of Rothmans’ 
cigarette sales was 8 percent lower than 
last year, mainly because of lower sales in 
Europe, with France and Britain showing 
the largest declines, the company said. 

As part of the reorganization of its Euro- 
pean businesses, the company plans to 
close two of its plants in Germany and the 
Netherlands and transfer production to 
two British factories and to its second 
Dutch plant at Zevenaar. (Bloomberg, 
Reuters, AFX) 

Bank Chief 
In Portugal 

LISBON — Migpel Beleza 
resigned Thursday as governor 
of the Bank of Portugal and will 
be replaced by Antonio de Sou- 
sa, the secretary of state for fi- 
nance, a government spokes- 
man said. 

The central bank's policy of 
maintaining exchange rate sta- 
bility is crucial and will be un- 
changed despite the change of 
governor and other board mem- 
bers, Joaa Costa Pinto, one of 
two new deputy governors at 
die bank, said. 

Mr. de Sousa, 39, has already 
spent years in important posi- 
tions in successive center-right 
governments headed by Prune 
Minister Anibal Cavaco Silva, 

Three other members of the 
central bank’s board also re- 
signed Thursday — Antonio 
Jose Bagao Felix and Antonio 
Palmeiro Ribeiro, who were 
vice governors, and Jose Ve- 
loso. who was a director. 

Bank of Portugal sources said 
there had been increasing con- 
flicts between Mr. Bdeza and 
other members of the bank’s 
policy-making board in recent 
months as speculators attacked 
the escudo, forcing the bank to 
raise interest rates to defend the 

Dealers in financial markets 
here also said there appeared to 
be differences on exchange rate 
and interest rate policy between 
the Finance Ministry and the 
Bank erf Portugal. 

Dealers said the central bank 
stepped in to buy escudos after 
the management shake-up in an 
effort to stabilize the currency. 

The dollar finishe d at 165.78 
escudo Thursday, down from 
165.83 on Wednesday. 

“This intervention is (me way 
the central bank is respon ding 
to speculators,** one dealer said 
(Knight- Bidder, Reuters, AFP) 

Investor’s Europe 

Fr-anfcAut '' 
DAX. ,V 

London ■ : Pari*. 

• . PTSE. IOO index .. CAd40 




Sources; flsufers. AFP 

InKnuihmal Herald Trihue 

Very briefly: 


owned by the British 
over the next three years as a 

e Nuclear Electric PLC, a 
government, plans to trim . 
cost-cutting measure. 

e Hockner-Hamboldt-Detitz AG predicted an 8 percent rise in 
1994 sales from last year’s 325 billion Deutsche marks ($2 
billion). Rising export demand for engines and agricultural ma- 
chinery have already pushed sales up 9 percent tins year. 

• TSB Group PLC said a recovering British economy helped the 
bank slash its bad-debt provision in half, allowing it to post pretax 
profit of £226 million ($346 million) in the six months to April 30, 
compared with £80 million in the year-earlier period 

• Thorn EMI PLC agreed to sell the defense operations of its 
Thorn EMI Electronics unit to Thomson- CSF of France. The sale 
covers about 40 percent of Thom’s defense operations. 

• E Merck has taken a 10 percent stake in PWEps Electro tries NVs 
Flat Panel Display Co. unit, which produces liquid crystal dis- 

• Hoogorens NV is joining a lawsuit against a European Commis- 
sion plan to give fresh subsidies to the state-owned Italian 
steelmaker Uva SpA. 

AP. AFX, Bbomber& Reuters 

Inquiry Clears iwivt 

U.K. Music Firms tiOjVFUSION; Deposit Account or Mutual Fund? 

IBM: Gradually 9 Gerstner Engineers a Turnaround 


LONDON — After an inves- 
tigation lasting more than a 
year, Britain’s anti-monopoly 
commission cleared the music 
industry Thursday of charges 
that it had fixed prices of com- 
pact disks. 

The report smd that although 
five record companies con- 
trolled 70 percent of the market 
and one big retailer also bad a 
monopoly, the industry was not 
firing prices. 

The commission found vigor- 
ous competition among the five 
big names — EMI Records, Po- 
lyGram, Warner, Sony and 
BMG — and about 600 inde- 
pendent companies. 

Contmued from Page 11 

creating the impression that 
when money market mutual 
funds say that investors run the 
risk of losing money, they don’t 
really mean it 

“People are putting money 
into money market funds almost 
as if they were insured deposits," 
said Gouge Bentsen, a banking 
professor at Emory University in 
Atlanta. “Almost no one has "lost 
money in a deposit-like instru- 
ment, so they begin to think that 
everything is guaranteed." 

Mr. Bentsen warned that fund 
m an ag ers woe confusing cus- 
tomers by covering losses and 
may setting themselves up for 
future problems. “Once they 
have done that a few times, they 

are putting themselves into a li- 
ability situation," where inves- 
tors will sue if they ever do lose 
money in a money market fund, 
he said. 

Recognizing that risk, the 
mutual fund companies that 
have bailed out money market 
funds recently have issued 
statements saying their actions 
were prompted by unusual cir- 
cumstances and they wouldn’t 
necessarily do it again. 

Money market funds got 
their start in the late 1970s, 
when federal laws limited the 
interest that banks and savings 
and loans could pay on deposit 
accounts. Wall Street lured bil- 
lions out of banks by creating 
accounts that offered higher in- 
terest rates and still gave inves- 

tors the ability to take out their 
money simply by writing a 

Money funds take investors' 
money and invest it mostiy in 
short-term debt of other com- 
panies and the government. 
Some funds invest only in gov- 
ernment securities, which offer 
a tittle more safety, while others 
ram higher interest rates by get- 
ting into corporate notes, real 
estate loans and other riskier 

The success of money market 
mutual funds prompted federal 
regulators in the early 1980s to 
allow banks to offer their own 
federally insured accounts pay- 
ing interest based on the market 
rate for short-term investments. 

Continued bon Page 11 
the structural problems that 
helped the stock price collapse 
from a high of $139 in 1991. 
Operations have been cut back, 
the pricing of software has been 
revamped, and new product 
lines nave been introduced. 

Most important, the drastic 
decline in revenue from IBM's 
mainframe computer business 
seems to be under control. But 
everyone, including Mr. 
Gerstner, agrees there is no 
chance of a turnaround in 
mainframe sales, still the com- 
pany’s biggest source of reve- 

“Right now, there isn’t any 
one product that will hurt IBM, 
and there isn’t any rare that will 
fix it," Mr. Stevens said. 

But he said he was worried 
that big structural changes in 
the way the company operates 
could lead to some disruption. 
For example, IBM is reorganiz- 
ing its sales force, moving to a 
system centered on specific in- 
dustries rather than one based 
on geographic regions. “A ra- 
tional man would say that cer- 
tain accounts will be lost," Mr. 
Stevens said. 

Still, there are those who hold 
the opposite opinion. Steve Mi- 
lunovich, an analyst at Morgan 
Stanley, said he was not keen on 
IBM until this year, after the 
company reported a 6 percent 
rise in first-quarter revenue, ad- 
justed for the sale of a subsid- 

Now he is urging clients to 

buy the stock and said that with 
help from a strong U.S. econo- 
my it could rise to $75. “My 
feeling is that it will probably 
keep going for a while,* he said 

If the company maintains 
revenue at the same gross mar- 
gins, he reasoned, $7 billion in 
expense cuts in the next three 
years would fall directly to the 
bottom line. Even if the market 
were to “get ugly," he said. IBM 
would still perform well relative 
to other computer stocks. 

Yet Mr. Mihmovich is not as 
sanguine about IBM's long- 
term prospects under Mr. 
Gerstner. “The company is still 
lacking focus,” he said “It still 
has a one-stop shopping ap- 
proach, while in technology 
usually the best product wins. 


Thursdav’s Clo si ng 

Tables Include the nationwide prices up to 
the dosing on WaH Street and do not reflect 
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Philippines 9 Easing 
On Investments 
Risks Some Jobs 




order by President Fidel V. Ra- 
mos allowing more foreign in- 
volvement in Philippine indus- 
try is a major step toward luring 
investment, though it could cost 
jobs in protected industries, an- 
alysts said Thursday. 

Mr. Ramos on Wednesday 
ended restrictions that limited 
foreign equity in many indus- 
tries to 40 percent. Investors 
now may raise their equity to 
100 percent. 

Industries affected by the 

Timber Tycoon 


JAKARTA — The Indo- 
nesian timber tycoon Pra- 
jogo Pangestu said Thurs- 
day he planned to sell some 
shares in Construction & 
Supplies House Bhd., the 
Malaysian building sup- 
plies company be agreed to 
take over this week, to raise 
$i billion. 

“Certainly, some of the 
shares will be sold, but it 
will depend on the price;'* 
Mi. Prajogo said after 
meeting with President Su- 
harto of Indonesia and oth- 
er government officials. 
“At the moment, we have 
targeted to raise $1 billion 
this year.” 

Under the takeover deal, 
Mr. Prajogo will inject 
some of his timber assets 
into Construction & Sup- 
plies in return for a control- 
ig slake in the company. 


new measure include food pro- 
cessing, tourism, most service 
sectors, appliance manu/actur- 
ingand insurance. 

The sectors from which for- 
eign investors will be excluded 
are licensed professions such as 
medicine and accounting, the 
media, retailing, private securi- 
ty agencies, small-scale mining, 
cooperatives, marine resources 
and trading in rice and com. 

“It will be looked upon very, 
very positively by investors seri- 
ously looking at the Philip- 
pines,’’ said Raphael Manalay- 
say, research manager of 
Crosby Securities. 

Nod Reyes, research chief of 
Dharmala Securities, said the 
order could increase unemploy- 
ment, which reached 1 1 percent 
of the work force of 26 million 
in April. “There will be some 
Filipino companies that may 
close because they are already 
weak, so this order may hit our 
employment in the short term,” 
he said. 

“It’s about time we test 
whether local companies can 
stand on their own,** Mr. Reyes 

Mr. Manalaysay said strug- 
gling industries would have to 
take on foreign partners or 
merge with rivals to survive. 

Raul Conception, president 
of the Federation of Philippine 
Industries, said his organization 
would appeal the order. He said 
the government should extend 
its deadline so that local indus- 
tries could seek protection from 
foreign competition. 

The order takes effect OcL 
24. It follows a series of other 
measures that included liberal- 
izing foreign exchange transac- 
tions. revising tax laws and 
opening the country to foreign 

Oil Forges Gulf- Asia Business Ties 

By Michael Richardson 

International Herald Tribune 

SINGAPORE —Asia's increasing de- 
pendence on the Middle East for oil is 
opening new opportunities for business 
links with Gulf suppliers, including ma- 
jor investments in new refinery capacity 
in Asia, oil company officials and ana- 
lysts say. 

As Asia’s demand for Gulf oD rises 
while its own reserves dwindle. Middle 
East oil companies are looking for in- 
vestment projects in Asia, such as petro- 
chemicals, refining, product marketing 
and even gasoline stations. 

National Iranian Oil Co. will send a 
delegation to Vietnam next month to 
study the feasibility of building that 
country's second refinery, with a capaci- 
ty of about 100,000 barrels a day. 

Kuwait Petroleum Corp., which start- 
ed a dhaiw of gasoline stations in Thai- 
land in 1989, recently completed a study 
of additional investment opportunities 
in major Asian countries, Khaled Rashid 
Haroon, a senior manager, said. 

While he did not give details of specif- 
ic projects, Mr. Khaled said that most 

_ Po- 
tion and 

Asian countries were i 
ties of privatization, IT 
deregulation in oQ. 

As a result, Asia is seeking joint ven- 
tures in refining and other areas with oil- 
exporting states “where long-term sup- 
ply of crude oil is secured in return for 
granting access to domestic markets for 
joint venture partners,” he said. 

Mr. Khaled was speaking at a recent 
oil conference in Singapore co-spon- 
sored by the International Herald Tri- 
bune and the Oil Daily Group. 

In March, Saudi Aramco, the Saudi 
Arabian state oil company, bought a 40 
percent bolding in Petr on Coro., the re- 
fining and marketing arm of Philippine 
National Oil Co., for just over $500 mil- 

Analysts said that under a mutually 
agreed crude ofl supply contract, Petron 
would receive 90 percent of its require- 
ments from Aramco, up from around 55 
percent Aramco also promised to make 
available at least $300 milli on for expan- 
sion and upgrading of Petron's ref inin g 

; deal with the country that has the 

world’s largest oil reserves “effectively 
gives Petron preferential access to crude 
m times of supply tightness.** said Mon- 
ico V. Jacob, the corporation’s chairman. 
The partnership also gives Petron access 
to new refining technology and interna- 
tional information networks as well as 
capital for expansion, he added. 

The Petron acquisition is Aramco’s 
second in East Asia. It currently supplies 
as much as 200,000 barrels of oil a day to 
a large refinery owned by the Ssangyong 
group in South Korea. Aramco has a 35 
percent stake in the refinery. 

Aramco is also holding talks with Sin- 
ocbem, one of the leading Chinese state 
oil firms, on a possible joint refinery in 
China's Shandong Province. 

East and South Asian countries de- 
pended on the Gulf for nearly 49 percent 
of their oil supplies in 1992. 

Fereidun Fesharaki, director of the 
program on resources at the East- West 
Center in Hawaii, said this proportion 
would rise to 62 percent by the end of the 
decade, when the region would need an 
additional 5.4 million barrels a day from 
the Middle East to meet its economies* 
demand for oil. 

Investor’s Asia 

Japan Raids Firm in Insider Investigation 

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Sources: Reuterc, AFP 

Immubuml Herald Tribune 

Very briefly: 

Compiled ty Our Staff Fran Dispatches 

TOKYO — The Securities 
and Exchange Surveillance 
Commission on Thursday raid- 
ed the Osaka headquarters of 
Nippon Shoji Kaisha Ltd., 
winch is under investigation on 
charges of large-scale insider 
trading in its shares. 

The raid represented a height- 
ening of the investigation, the 
commission's first into insi der 
trading since it was set up two 
years ago in the wake of a series 
of stock-market scandals. 

The commissioa, which con- 
firmed it was carrying out the 
investigation after the drug 
company disclosed the inquiry 
over the weekend, raided more 
than 10 other locations across 
Japan in connection with the 
case, officials said. 

Those locations included 
homes of employees and several 
branch offices of the company, 
including those in Tokyo and 
Nagoya, a spokesman said. 

Nippon Shoji. Japan's 
fourtb-largest drug wholesaler, 
said Sunday that 175 employ- 
ees, including several top execu- 
tives, had sold shares in the 
company in October 1993 
shortly before the government 
issued a warning that several 
people had died after taking 
one of its products, Sorivudin, a 
drug for a skin condition. 

The employees sold a total of 
386,200 shares, and at least 23 
of diem have admitted having 
acted on the basis of nonpublic 

Eisai Co_ which was also 

marketing the drug, has said 
that at least 10 of its employees 
also are suspected of insider 

Nippon Shoji, which had big 
expectations for the drug and a 
sales target of 1.5 billion yen 
($15 million) for the first year, 
instead had to withdraw it from 
10.000 hospitals across the 
country. (AFP, Bloomberg) 

■ Trade Talks Called OS 

Foreign Minister Kqji Ka- 
kizawa canceled talks sched- 
uled for the weekend with U.S. 
Trade Representative Mickey 
Kan tor as a new political crisis 
threatened the government, 
Agence France- Prase reported. 

“The meeting has been can- 
celed," a spokesman for the 

Foreign Ministry said a few 
hours after the opposition Lib- 
eral Democratic Party lodged a 
no-confidence motion against 
Prime Minister Tsutomu Hata. 

Mr. Kakizawa gained the 
cabinet’s authorization Tues- 
day to travel to the United 
States to seek a breakthrough in 
bilateral trade talk's, though he 
said at the time that a final 
decision about the trip would 
depend on political develop- 
ments in Japan. 

The United States, mean- 
while, was reported to have 
dropped its demand that Nip- 
pon Telegraph &. Telephone 
Corp. be included in negotia- 
tions on Japanese government 
purchases of telecommunica- 
tions services. 

• Japan's largest nationwide supermarket chain operator. Daiei 
Inc^ plans to set up a joint venture to operate 4,800 retail outlets 
across China. 

• Vietnam is to increase taxes by 10 percent this year to try to dose 
its widening budget deficit, a Finance Ministry official was quoted 
as saying Thursday. 

• The average Japanese family spent 0.8 percent less money in 
April, the third straight monthly decline, because of lower prices 
for imported rice, according to a survey. 

» Toshiba Corp. said it and IBM Japan Ltd. were considering 
building a second joint thin-film transistor liquid crystal display- 
factory to meet rising demand. 

• Creative Technology Ltd. of Singapore and AST Research Inc. of 
the United Stales said they had made a development and market- 
ing agreement for multimedia products. 

• Boeing Go. said Xian Aircraft Co. of China won a contract to 
supply rear fuselage sections for the Boeing 737 beginning in 1 997. 

• Wflfiam EL Simon & Sons LtdL, a company specializing in Asian- 
Pacific investments, will acquire options for a minority slake in 
Kosan Inte rn ational Holdings Ltd., an electronics maker in Hong 
Kong, in exchange for a loan to Kosan of between $ 15 million and 

$20 million. Bloomberg, AFX. Reuters. AFP 


TlwrMlay’s dosing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up 10 
the closing on Wad Street and do not reflect - 
late trades elsewhere; Via The Associated Press 

B Month 
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lift 4 MMa'ine 
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lift 12 4ft 

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lift lift lift _ 
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22% 22. 22 —lft 
62ft 61ft 61ft— lft 
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39ft 38ft 39ft * 1 ft 
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79. 7ft 7ft -V* 
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or* unoffww. Yapriy highs and town reflect 
^i*prevlpva aui**kat)Ha The pjrrcfilweelv bill noHhelalptit 
trading day . Whom a sum of Stock dividend amounting Ip 25 
pwmiI or mere Ins been paid, the wars high- low range and 
? l ff a T" a . or * ««* pn'v- Unto otherwise 

"rtad^mDraof dW diMHls are annual dfapunamems baaed on 

o— tdvMtnaolaa extra (si. 

p, “ ^ dlvl<lef<1 - 

B—dj vide^ de^gedprpcridki preceding 12 months, 
g— dividend In Canatfan funds. mbiect io 15% notvresJdenc* 

f — dividend declared after set It -up or stack dividend, 
j— divldeiyi paid .m% vear. ommea aeterred, or no aakvi 
taken, at latest (Hvtdend meeting. 

k— dhrtdand declared or aaW itite year, an acaimulaflve 
Issue wftti fllutdends hi arrears. 

n — r^ teaue bi^ ^ 52 weetes. The htgfHow range begins 
him me star? of fraoJvv. 
nd— next day del ivery. 

P/B — price -eon J nc i ratio. 

t — 'dividend declared dr paid In preceding 12 months pIim 
dock dividend. 

s— dadtsplH. DMdend beams with data of spilt 


vi — In bankruptcy or recelvefshlp or being reorgonised urv 
der the Bankruptcy Act, or securities assumed bv such com- 

ww — with warrants. 
x—ex^tlv(dend or ex -rights. 
xd»s — exmtttrltxitkxi. 
xw— wMnuf warrants, 
y— ax-dlyidend and sales in ML 

rid— yield, 
i — sole* Inf 




Wfl'WW- Son rain, PO Z80&F* 53)067 Tl S12Z35 
m«BC Future F«nd Ltd _ j ljfl.n 

tn 63C i itamit Fund IE.C.) 5 I2S*7 

rfiABC Giocoi Recovery Fd_5 105.77 

ASM AMRO BANK, PjO. Box 281 Amsterdam 

* CcHumota SecarlliK FI Ml 18 

>* Trans Europe Fund Fi FI BUD 

* Trans Euimw Fvivjl s 491] 

» Alrenro Fi zm*o 


d AIC Amer. Eq, Trust 5 79012* 

ivAIG Balanced World Fd S l(kj96S 

tf AIC- Etrwrg IWIS Bd FO S 1D03BW 

WAIQ Eurecu Fimd Pic Ecu 1229965 

* AIC Euro Small Co Fd Pic 5 153XSH 

w AlO Europe Fd Pic S 111. S5l 3 

>v AIG Japan Fund S 119.414* 

d AlO japan Small Cos Fd $ I *53 

■y AIG Latin America Fd Pic J 1 142 1 JO 

nr AIG Mllicurroncv Bd Fd PIcS 101.79 m 

n aig South east Asia Fd S 2CS74* 

tf Hflh Lite Funa Ecu 954 

<* UBZ Euro-OPtHnUrr Fund. Ecu MBS 

a UBZ Liquidity Fund S S 11X9310 

d UBZ LWoCity Fund DM DM 12S.19M 

rf UQ; Liqulallr Fund Ecu Ecu 12*1231 

d UBZ Liquid! t, Fund SF 5F 121.8175 


0 Allred Bees Harden s 183.03 

Allred Berg Stair 

tf For East 5 I5S4J 

rf Gormcnr DM 271 73 

d G label 5 |7l.7l 

tf Jftnim V 120 7DOO 

e Neiher lends fi 22178 

tf Non*i America ■ S 1 1437 

tf Switzerland 5F 179J1 

d Uy_ —I 7237 

<3 Por-Lc-Vllle Bo. Hamilton. HMtl Bermuaa 
i> aihu Asia Hedge Uun 151 -J W.S* 

m Alpnc Europe Fd iMov jii. E cu 25147 

m Alone Futures Fd (Mar 111 S 20s oQ 

n Atom Gift) Pto Trad Ma> 31i 914* 

<n Alpha Global Fd (Mar 3M-S 9VkV 

mAlPhoHettocrdlMflYJlU *21.8* 

m-tphe Japan 5>>ec (Apr 3DI.S 2S4J)i 

m Aloha Latin Amer t Aor 30) 3 27140 

m Aloha PocHle Ftf (Mar 31 1 -S M8.74 

m Ainha SAM S ■».« 

m Aloha Shari Fd iMar 31 1 5 «U5 

rr. Alpha SIW-T Fh inc.'Mov 31S DBA? 

mAtohc Tiildale FO (MOV 31 )£ 1710$ 

n Alpha Worthing) on (May 31 ■$ 108 Tt 

m Buch-A Iona Eurttflg Mnv )' Ecu 15188 

mGtehalUKt Value tMtfr JIJ-i 12030 

w Heisel Jaoon Fund V 12301 

m Hemisphere Neulral Ma* JIS 10346 

m Liimvesi Value IMa> 37 1 — S 89.7S 

mSKneppl Aurelia iMav 3I1.S 17199 

rr. =a:il RIM Odd BVI Jun 20 JS 10s3*E 

mPiWJai Inll FunaMav31-S 7715 

mScge ini'l rd IMav 311 J 111.07 

■i; talus Inn FC |M " |W S 137.12 


! n Arrcl American want Fa S 1J44 

u Afol Aiwr Funo S 372.71 

1 » Arrol int i Hedge Fund i 210 U 

I 8A(I. :? Place vendome. 758BI Parrs 

J m intermcrtel Fund S 57152 

j ! inleretti Convert Bds FF 279012 

J t imere'll Inil Bds 5 504.48 

j r Inlersill Obli OmverfiBlW-S *50-50 

S ’ lr.i*rmar,el Multicurrency Fund 

ctCIrasA FF 733500 

mCtoSSB C 225-2) 

i mciaosc v ms; oo 

l 3t>IX 3RUSSEL5 LAMBERT (32-21 S07 2037 

? d cBL Imesi America _ S 404 18 

'I j SSL inuesl Belgium BF 13D35JM 

; C 3BL Invest F'jr East V 377*700 

I a 3BL Invest Ana 1 eleJQ 

4 c 60 L in-trsl Latin Amor I 420 M 

1 i? SSL Irurrsl UK l 31 2A 

3 e BSL Penla Fd lull LF 3S7I1W 

' a Pctrlmenwl LF IWI.M 

J d Renta Cash WAediumBEFBF 110784.00 
9 a Penla Cash 5-Medium DEMDM 300SJ2 
j a Renta Cash S-Medlum USD S 51*158 

I d BBL f L J Inv '3otdmlr>M S 13SJ* 

I d SSL IL) Invest Europe LF 1213500 

I d BSL IL' Inv Euro-fmmo LF «I5.00 

a BBL IL> invest World LF 150500 

Share Distributor Guernsey 0481 7764M 

w inti Eautrv Fund (Slcnvj 5 12 a3 

» infl Bond Fund (5mvl 5 15.4 s 

» Duller Zone Co Fd iSICOvU 11-53 

j i- Asm Pacific Region Fd S 1 1.55 

9 » IMiO Fund S IIL2S 

J , SKMiriO fault, Fd iSlcau I _£ 1.157 

i* Slsrl mg Bd Fd I SI Cavj f 1.424 


i w The Dragon Fund Sicov 3 9024 

1 m J'joo.-i Gld Fd A 131 /057MJ_S I30S4 

S mJ3»iOiaFdBI3lr05rMU 11081 

] a: Dual Fulurn FdCI A Units! 130.0s 

1 m Dual Futures Fd Cl C unltsi I17J6 

4 m.Vjt.imo Ful. Fd 5«r. t O. A S 13 189V 

1 nr Vfluma Ful.FdSer.l Cl. BS 1I7J53 

■ rr. t.‘at>mo Fut. Fd Ser. 2 Cl. C S 1078B5 

1 m Maxima Ful. Fd Ser. 2 CL OS 10017 

j in inaosuu Curr. Ci A Units s kklmj 

J m indasmu Curr. Cl B Units—.* 110835 

3 MlPNA-3 S 41580 

d d ISA Aslon Growth Fund 4 7529 

5 u is* jaoon Pea. Growtn Fd.T 98u.oo 

j r ISA Peclfl-: Gold Fund S 1982 

f IV Alien Income Fund S 11J1 

4 d mown: ‘.area Fund S I2J0 

J wtCgnenol Fund I 1079 

1 * Hi molor an Func * to eo 

? m Manila Fund 
■Molucca Fund 
Siam Fur«J 

j a inaosuei Hong Kong Fund_S 
£ Oriental venture Trust 
d North American Trust 
d Slnaap&Motov Trust 
0 Pacttic Trusl 
. a Tasman Fund 
- a JoPan Fund 

’ w Managed Trusl 

. C God mare Jaooi Warrant _S 
' w inaosue: High lid Bd FOA 3 
> w indasuez High Yfd Bd Fd S.S 

J b r/o*i Espcna Pins 9J*380 

J t r.'a*i France FF 

i w Mini France 9$ 

. d mdosuer Lalin Amerrca 

a Asia USD B (Cop i - . .— S 100^3 

a World USD A I Dlvl S 9.7584 

0 World USD B ICOPI S 7-7564 


c% Banh of Bermuda Ltd: I809j 2^-4000 

1 Global Hedge USD S 111? 

l Global Hedge GBP 1 Mi 

t European l Atlantic S 11-2 

! t Pacific S 11» 

I Emerging Martels- J 33 


, C Fructlhi/ - Dbt Fses A FF 844753 

a Fructllu* ■ OW. Euro B- ■ F eu NW.W 

w Fructllu* - Actions Fses C_FF 8737.07 
e Fruetlluv - Aclions Euro D .Ecu l7j*85 
a Fnir.tllui ■ Court Terme E-.FF 8810U 

d FrucMu* DMart- F DM 108J98 


» Callander Enter. Growth 5 12159 

w Callander F Asset S » 

mf Callender F- Austrian A5 1718.05 

wCalloneer F-ipanlVl Pta 837980 

n Callander F-U3 Health Cord $4.43 

«• Callander Swfcs Growth — SF 14*J4 

w GlQl irtslilullungl (3 June) -8 93883 


d Cl Canadian Growth Fd C5 6.13 

i7 Cl North American Fd __C5 7.74 

ti Cl Pacific Fund CS 172$ 

(J Ci Global Fund C* 944 

d Cl Emerg Martels Fd CS WE 

d Cl European Fund C* $40 

a Canada Goar. Mortgage Fd CS 18 a i 


nr Capital InlT Fund- S 13454 

vf Capital Italia SA S MJ5 


m CEP Court Trrme FF 1 74999 JE 



June 23, 1994 

OuafartiOM MMptiad by funde Hgad. Nat Mat wh» rpmtMteni aw li qqil i il by ft* RmRa Bated wNli tbo iK c a pG an of auin a quofi btreit oa bWR pdew. ■ 

Tho marginal *yT7*gt» nnScato frogwenar a 1 r^otnliora iupp6^ W - «t«ln |w$ - M-ttroeatMr; ft] faMstaOr Iw r y b n m i M)| PI - nfafartyj |t} - taAn* maoktyj {a*} ■ “ »™W> 

h> GFI Long Terme, 

.FF 1 $1728880 

w Er milage Asian Hedge Fa J ID27 

v Er milage Euro Hedge Fd — DM 1 1 J9 

w Ermlloge Crash, Aiki Fd_J 1142 

w Er mi luge A/ner Hdg Fd. — S lid 

w Ermlloge Emer Mils Fd_S 14*0 


d Am tr icon Equity Fund S 255.70 

fl American Oolan Fund 5 1*2 15 

■t Asian EtiiHr Fd S I2t.77 

■V European Eauitv Fd 1 1 15 33 

EVEREST CAPITAL 1359) 292 2288 
m Everest Coeilol Inti Lid — 3 IX 9J 


d Dlseeverv Fund S I9.«i 

a Far Eav Fund — 5 S5J9 

d Fld.Amer Assets S 193 04 

d FNl Amer. values IV $ 11321580 

C Frontier Fund —5 35-29 

d Global Ind Funo — . S I8.°5 

tf Global Selcciion Fund 5 7287 

d New Eurooe Fund S 111? 

a orient Fund $ I3o.l0 

d SpockiI Growtn Fund S -U.G3 

a World Fund S I M44 

F I NMA ItAGEMENT SfrLMMKLfl 722131 21 

m Delta Premium Coro. s 120580 

FOKUS BANK AJ. 472 428 155 
wScontandstnlT Growth Fd_5 f J27 


Tel . London 071 43 1234 

a Aroen Union invest Co SicovS 25JJ 



253-1 M 13433 

v t nrw 2151 Century Invt 5 

tv Tne 'el low Sea Imrt Co S 


d Clndam EouiTr Fund $ 

d Cinoam Balanced Fund $ 

POB 1173 Luxembourg TeL 4779571 

a cmnvesi Global Bond 5 

d Cinnvesi FGP USD 5 

a Cltin,esl FGP ECU Ecu 

d Gl Invest Selector 5 

i CitiTurrencies USD 5 

d Cllicurrenctes DEM DM 

d Cllicurrenctes G3P c 

c Cltlci/rrenclcs Yen — — .Y 

C Ci'u»rt n.a Eowtv S 

d Citibcn Coni. Euro EouHV-Ecu 

d Ciliour! UK Equity c 

d Cl’laort Frencn =oultv FF 

d OtipafT German Famtv . n M 

d CltlSOD JOOOfl Foititv V 

d Olloart IAPEC S 

if Qticort Eomec S 

d Cilirwrt NA S Bend i 

tt COIoor! Euro Bond Ecu 

d Morrigea Currency Funa 5 


* Citi *4 Cop Gtd S 

I CHI G'd Asian Mkl5 Fd $ 


tv U5$ Eculiies S £ 

-v US S Mane, MarKel J 

w US S Bond* S I 

w Gotland — 5 I* 

mCiliaer'.xmance Pill 5 lA S i 

w The C-ood Eortfi Fund S 1 

COMGEST (XM) 44 78 75 10 

w earnest Asia S 

w Comgesi Eurooe 5F 


0 WAM u local Hedge Fd S 

O WAM inti Bd Hedge Fd S 


I* HAV 31 May 1994 S 

Cowen Enterprise Fund N.V. 

» Class A Sns S 

tv Ckrss b Shs » 


O Inoeris U6A/6&P 5D0 S 

d Incerli jopon'MIDet. _ .Y 

d indcisG Bret-'FTSE C 

d lnde>IS France/CAC40 FF 

d inderh C.T FF 


d Court Terme USD S 

d Court Terror DEM J3M 

J CouH Terme JPV. 1 

a Court Terme GBP c 

d Court Terme FRF FF 

d Court Terme ESP Pta 

d Court Terme ECU Ecu 


J Ad>«ra inn Oiversilleas FF 

O Actions Nord-Amertcatnas -S 

d Art Ians J.jpahaii« Y I 

d Actions Anglclses [ 

a Actions Ailetnoiaes DM 

d A ctlxis Francoises FF 

d Ac Mans Eso. 8 Pori Pto : 

d Actions Itoliennes Lit X 

d Actions Bossin Poorftaue S 

d Oalig Inf I Diverslllees FF 

a Gblfg Nord-AmerKalnes S 

a Obilg Japo noises Y 1 

d ObiF; Anglalses c 

d Obitg Aiietnandes DM 

d Obllg Francoises FF 

d Obitg Esc & Pori Pto 2 

a rihiig OvTvcrt. inlera FF 

C Court Terme Eai_ Ecu 

d Court Terme USD S 

d Court Terme FP.F FF 

d Elysees Monelnir e... _ FF 90 

d Sam Achcash USD B % 1 


d C5F Bonds SF 

d Band Volor Swt SF 

' J B and Voter US - Dollar S 

e Bond valor D • Mark DM 

a Band volar Yen y to 

d Bond Valor L Staling C 

d Convert Valor Swt SF 

d Convert Valor US - Dollar _S 
d Convert Valor ( Sterling _j. 
d C5F tnlemoiional SF 

» InieiiM na Qlf .SF 73.7a 

wlnrelsec Chl_ if 307.*J 

» SwUSlind Chi S F 159.99 

14122! 344-1 281, Geneva 
» Pleiad? Norm Am EauiliesS 

it P'.eicce Eurooe Equities Ecu 

» Pieitwe *sic Port'ic Eo. 

* Pit.oce Environment Eo 
tr PleladC OoHer Bonds 
5 w Pleiade ECU Bonds 
1 » Ptaode ff Bonds, 
i tv Pleiade Euro Com, Bands — SF 
I W Preiade Dollar Reserve 
i «. Ptaode ECU Reserve 
| » PlelaaeSF Reserve- 

■ » Pleiads FF Reser/e _ — — FF 

1 Hong Kong. Tel: (8521 8251900 

• d Chine IPPCl S BJ19 

■ 5 32453 


> S jqoon S 10408 

c* i ere-; * 12532 

• a 'ijic.vb s :*»38 

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< <* ilngoOTf* 3 I7.6 S 4 

1 d T natiijna S Vt9» 

• 2 Tauth Easf A Jo ' 33001 

1 1313 TE COGNIZED) 

• IP5CHSE Custom Hse Decks.Dub. 4*ti*2840G0 

J v hfjx '-.e'c Bone ... i 10.77 

■ -vrewldBonaFFp FF $481 


■' .vAuSI.'GlIC 

J w Jcaod Tertinulcgr 

• w Jasan c und 

i *■ Jgagn New Generation 
. iv Motas sia & Singapore, 
j w North America 

iv Od&cws Fund 
w Paoflc Fund 
w Interrallonal Band 
w Eurcpa Fui 
s, Hong Kong 

i» Trljtar Warranl 

*v Global Emerging Mkta 
iv Latin America. 

» Currency Fund 
wCurrencY Fund Managed _S 

tt Korea Fund— 

tv Boring Emerg World Fd 
n BDD USS Cast! Fund 
j wSDD Ecu Casn Fund 
1 w BDD Swiss Fronc Cash 
J w BDD Inr. Bond Fund-U51_S 

> w BDD ini. Bond Funo-Ecu —.Ecu 

1 w 9DD N American Eauifv FdS 
I w BDD Eurouean Equity FundEcu 
d rr. BDD Aslan Eauitv Fund S 

> m BOO US Small C<*> Fund— J$ 

4 n ELTotlrcnciere Fixed Inc FF 

1 w Euralin Mvlll-Cy Bd Fd FF 

J a BWlnvfst-BraMI. 

] # be< invest (Mooal 
x » Belmvesl -istaei 
J w BeMnve*.t-MulMbona 
J n BeMnvest-3uaer»r. 

“ I France Mgnehjlre 

France 5ecurile 
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d Energle - Valor SF 14580 

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d CS Gold Valor S 1411* 

d CS Tiger Fund S 1145** 

d CS Ecu Bind A Ecu 99 J* 

a CS Ecu Bond B Ecu 1*9*5 

ti CS Gulden Bond A FI 100.17 

d CS Gulden Bond B FI 15048 

d CS Hhiono ibeno Fd A Pta 2*78 1 80 

d CS Hiseono iberto Fd B Pta 2852200 

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d CS Prime Band B DM 147.91 

d CS Eurooa Band A DM 21X17 

d CS Eurooa Band B DM 3J*J* 

a CS Fired I SF 7N 1,9* SF 10*50 

a CS F„ed I DM 3\ 1/9* DM 10*89 

d CS Fired I ECU83/4S I/96.EC1I 10*55 

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d CS Swiss Franc Bond B SF 29025 

a CS Bond Fd Ure A-’B Lit 23*' S3J» 

d CS Bond Fd Pesetas A 'B — Ptas 1831080 

d CS Germany Fund A DM 250.65 

d >:S Germany Fund B DM 7*3.93 

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d CS Euro Blue Chloi B— ,OM 25385 

dCSShorl-T Bond 5 A % 1014* 

d CS Short- T. Band SB S 15RJ54 

d CS Short-T. Bond DM A — —DM 10280 

d CS Short-T. Band DM B DM 15*44 

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d CS Mcnev Market Fd DM — DM 1755.14 

e CS Mone* Market Fd C t 23S944 

d CS Money Mart. el Fd Yen_Y 145385.00 

d CS Money Martel FdCS CS 13DS* 

d CS Money Market Fd Eat— Ecu 1J9256 
d CS Money Market FdS F — 5F 58*724 

d CS Momy Market Fd HFI—.FI 120758 

d CS .Money Market Fa Lit. Lit 12309*980 

d CS Money Market Fd FF — FF *19*89 

d CS Money Market Fd Pta_Ptas 12574080 
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d CS Oeko-Protec A DM 231J8 

d CS Oeko-Pralec B DM 25181 

d CS North-Amerkon A S 73X78 

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d CS UK Fund A _i 107.18 

d CS UK Fund B ( 112J9 

d CS France Fund A FF 91422 

d CS France Fund 8 FF 9BA&4 

d CS Eurorrol DM 1D199 

a CS Italy Fund A Ut 2*138780 

d CS Italy Fund B Ut 2*775280 

d CS Nelhertmds Fd A FL 3*188 

d CS NetnerJands Fd B FL 3**.10 

d CS FF Bond A FF 100152 

d CS FF Bond B FF 10718a 

d CS Cobital 5FR 2000 S F 1 50113 

d CS Capital DM 2000 DM 140L44 

d Cs Coortul DM l»97 DM 171472 

d CS Capital Ecu 2000 Ecu 1337.91 

d lS Caolrol FF 2000 FF IJZA71 

d CS Japan Megatrend SF R — SF 2*L3* 

d CSJonon Megatrend Yen— Y 2610140 

d CS Port! Inc SFR A SF 95147 

d CS Port! IncSFR B SF *85.47 

d CS Portf Bo! SFR SF 988.10 

d CS Port! Growth SFR SF 9*839 

d CS Fortt Inc DM A DM 9**J7 

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rf CS Port! Bal DM DM 107.1* 

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tf Henhcn Treasury Fd sf 950900 

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a Inter national $ 255 

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w (A) Original Investment — S 10558 

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m Hermes Asian Fund S 381X4 

m Hermes Emerg Mklo Fund-3 17138 

m Hermes 5'rWM« Fund S *9407 

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w Europe SwJ E Ecu 9133 


tf Amerlauedu Nerd S 180X1 

tf Europe Ccnrinentale DM 10142 

a Extreme Orient AngknaronAS HMLAO 

d France FF 580 

d IfOlie JJI 10212*00 

d Zone Asiaitaue Y 1803100 

INVESC0 INTL LTD, POB 271, Jersey 
Tel: a 04 73114 

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tf Gld ti.H. 1994 $ 90560 


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rf American Enterprise S 9000 

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tf Dollar Reserve S £2900 

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f European Enterprise. < *3800 

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d Global Growth S 5J400 

d Nlaoan Enlerrirbe i X3M0 

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a UK Growth 1 11800 

a Sterling Reserve £ 

d North American War rani _I 4340 

tf Greater Chino Opos S 73000 

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a Enuibaer Europe— — „SF 


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d Litruiboer S 228000 

tf Europe Band Fund —Ecu 

tf Dollar Band Fund S 

tf Austro Bond Fund AS 134700 

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d US Slock Fund S 

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tf Special Swiss Slock SF 

0 Jccan Sloe*. Fund Y 

tf German Slock Fund DM 9XK I 

d Koreai Slock Fund S 9210 I 

d Swiss Franc Cash SF 

d DM Casn Fund DM 

d ECU Cam Funa Ecu 1271X0 

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m ret Gtoboi Hedge $ 23000 

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d Globa) Advisors II NVB S 103* 

tf Global Adviioro Port NV AJS ID37 

d Global Advisors Part NV B_k lOJi 

d Lehman Cur Adv.AJB S 7X7 

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24'F Lippo Tower Centre. 8* QueenswovJt*. 

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w Anlenna Fund S 17.17 

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rf Multicurrency S 3234 

tf Dollar Medium Term S 74*4 

a Dollar Lang Term—— S 19.9* 

d Jooonese Yen Y *904.00 

tf Pound Sterling ( 25.78 

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tf Convert I We S 1490 

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m Class A S 117JS 

d Class B ... .A 11509 


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MAVERICK (CAYMAN) (809) 999-790 

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d Dollar Assets Portfolio S 1X0 

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tf Mextan incs Ptfl □ A S 90S 

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31 Grasyener SILdn Wl X 9PE44-71-499 29*8 

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wOdeyEurap Growth Inc DM 13X58 ' 

w Odev Eurap Growth Acc DM 13*08 

w Odev Euro Grtnster Inc ( 5477 

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Williams House, Hamilton HMU. Bermuda 
TM: E09 292-1018 Fax: 889295-2305 

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Page 1‘ 



Vote of Confidence: 
Those Who Want In 

In the last few weeks, 
the European Union has 
received major votes of 
support from countries 
outside the Union. One 
after the other, Europe’s 
non-EU governments and 
their citizens, separately 
or together, are express- 
ing an unprecedented will- 
ingness to join the EU. 

One of these votes made 
the front pages. In a whop- 
ping two-to-one majority. 
Austrians voted in favor of 
joining the Union. Munich’s 
. SOddeutsche Zeitung called 
the vote “both the expres- 
sion of and catalyst for a 
groundswell of pro-EU senti- 

Other “votes," although 
equally significant, received 
(ess attention in the world 
media. At a mini-summit, the 
Visegrad Four - the Czech 
and Slovak Republics, Hun- 
gary and Poland - repeated 
their demand for fast-track 
admission to the EU. The 
countries had new, com- 
pelling arguments to ad- 
vance for their bids: their 
strongly expanding econ- 
omies and exports and 
growing ties to the EU. 

These successes under- 
pin the region's new confi- 
dence in its dealings with 
the EU. “When we join the 
EU. we will do so as a coun- 
try capable of making a pos- 
itive contribution to the 
Union’s further development 
and not as one further bur- 
dening its finances,” says 
Vladimir Dlouhy, the Czech 
Republic’s minister of indus- 
try and trade. 

While the Central and 
East Europeans were voic- 
ing a change in attitude, 
Iceland's Social Democrats 
were manifesting a surpris- 
ing change of heart At their 
convention, the party leader 
and foreign minister, Jon 
Baldvin Hannibaisson, stat- 
ed that Iceland would “prob- 
ably" apply for admission to 
the EU by the end of 
the year. To overcome 
diehard local resistance, Mr. 

Hannibaisson is reportedly 
counting on the “me-too ef- 
fect" Iceland’s Nordic neigh- 
bors Sweden, Norway and 
Finland have recently 
reached agreement with the 
EU on admission, and their 
referendums on ratification 
are set for autumn. Recent- 
ly, key political parties in all 
three countries swung be- 
hind the campaign for a Yes 

Relegated to a page filler 
was the Swiss government’s 
decision to mount yet anoth- 
er full-scale campaign to 
overcome popular resis- 
tance to membership in the 
EU. This move came on the 
heels of an announcement 
by Liechtenstein that it was 
“uncoupling" its EU mem- 
bership aspirations from 
those of Switzerland, its as- 

Not making the papers at 
all was the European 
Commission’s positive eval- 
uation of the membership 
bids of Cyprus and Malta. 

Each of these groups of 
applicants - the Northern 
and Central European 
“haves," the Central and 
East European “quick risers" 
and the Mediterranean-belt 
“tourist paradises" - has its 
own set of reasons for join- 
ing the EU, and each has its 
own method of going about 
It But all of the 1 1 countries 
currently seeking member- 
ship - and the 15 others 
considering it - share a 
basic perception about the 

“Non-member countries 
have a vantage point when 
it comes to making an ob- 
jective judgment as to how 
well the EU rs working," says 
Kurt Biedenkopf, prime min- 
ister of the German state of 
Saxony, “as they can view 
its workings in its entirety. I 
think their judgment is that 
the EU is a highly functional, 
integrated market." 

For many of the applicant 
countries, the crucial differ- 
ence membership would 
bring is a voice in the 

Institutions / Creating a True Union 

Parliament Seeks 
A Delicate Balance 


Much has been written about the growing pains of the European Union and its single 
market But what hasn’t gotten as much attention is where the EU is working. 

The removal of customs barriers , standardization of products and practices, 
free competition in formerly closed sectors, the lifting of tariffs and exchange controls - 
all these have transformed the way the EU does business. 

For many, the European 
Parliament has always 
seemed like a large and 
lush political backwater. 
Now, however, the stereo- 
type is changing. The 
European Parliament 
could soon mean more 
than legislative powers 
largely limited to reviews, 
amendments and vetoes. 
The members of the new 
European Parliament, 
which convenes in 
Strasbourg on July 19, 
are, as never before, in a 
position to bring about 
this transformation. 

The results of European 
parliamentary voting this 
month again proved, to 
paraphrase the late U.S. 
House Speaker Tip O’Neill, 
that all politics is national. 
The results, as in the previ- 
ous three European parlia- 
mentary elections dating 
back to 1979, were difficult 
to characterize on a pan- 
European basis. 

In most countries, the re- 
sults were explained as a re- 
action to the existing nation- 
al government rather than a 
mandate for European 
Union policies. The results 
were interpreted as good for 
the right and bad for the left, 
yet Britain's Labor Party is 
going to be the largest na- 
tional bloc and, overall. 
Socialists gained at least a 
dozen seats and will have 
more than 200, the most of 
any stripe on the political 
spectrum, in the 567-mem- 
ber European Parliament. 

Much of the uncertainty 
about the European 
Parliament can be blamed 

on its inherent structural 
problems. It has never been 
a true legislative body in the 
sense of most of the world’s 
democratic parliaments; its 
primary legislative power 
comes from amendments 
and vetoes, rather than initi- 
ating new law. 

The national governments 
of the EU's member coun- 
tries have been chiefly inter- 
ested in their own priorities 
and in trying to use 
European issues to keep 
themselves in office. 
Naturally, they have been 
reluctant to share power 
with the EU, since that 
would weaken their own 
governments and under- 
mine their national sover- 

This has not been lost on 
the voters. Until the 
European Union becomes 
more important in their lives 
and the European Parlia- 
ment assumes more power 
in determining EU policy, the 
declining turnouts in 
European parliamentary 
elections - down to 56.6 
percent this month - will 
probably continue. 

Some skeptics believe the 
European Parliament can- 
not gain credibility with the 
public as a democratic insti- 
tution until it is able to initi- 
ate legislation and until its 
members are elected on a 
EU-wide basis instead of 
country by country; on this 
point, tile 12 member coun- 
tries cannot yet coordinate 
their voting rules or even the 
day on which the balloting is 

Continued on page 19 

EU’s deliberations. Other 
changes would not be dra- 
matic, because nearly all of 
these countries already 
have extensive association 
agreements with the Union. 

As the Central and East 
Europeans have been 
showing, these association 
agreements can be “tanta- 
mount to membership," as a 
German business weekly 

recently stated. Undeterred 
by waves of protectionism 
and other forms of “national 
egocentrism," these coun- 
tries have steadily whittled 
away at quotas and conven- 

Today, the EU maintains 
association agreements with 
countries ranging from 
Latvia to Israel. 

Terry Swartzberg 

Communications / The New Countdown 

Telecoms Anticipate 1998 Deadline 

This time, It is 1998 and telecom- 
munications that are mobilizing the 
EU’s forces and reshaping its mar- 
kets. Nineteen-ninety-two has come 
- and stayed. Nineteen-ninety-eight 
is at hand, and the similarities with 
its predecessor are striking. 

Like 1992, 1998 is about the creation 
of a single market through the elimina- 
tion of such obstacles to free competi- 
tion as restrictions and monopolies. In 
the case of 1998, this open market will 
be in telecommunications services. As 
was the case with 1992. impressive 
figures on this market’s size, needs 
: : and potential are being cited. A study 
commissioned by Bayerische Landes- 
bank Girozentrale, the Bavarian bank, 
recentiy reported that the international 
telecommunications sector’s annual 
turnover is set to double to $1 trillion 
by the end of the decade. 

This rise, states the report, would 
make telecommunications “the world 
economy’s pre-eminent sector" — a 
sector in which the EU holds a 25 per- 
cent share. According to the Trans 
' European Network (TEN), a working 
group chaired by EU Vice President 
Henning Christophereen, the upgrad- 
ing of the EU’s telecommunications In- 
frastructure will cost 140 billion Ecus 
($165 billion) over the next five years, 
generating vast quantities of further 
business for EU companies. 

As was the case for 1992, these 
heady figures are being accompanied 
by even headier visions. Tele- 
communications are Inducing "a new 
industrial revolution in Europe," in the 
words of the Bangemann group, 
named after Its chairman. EU Com- 
missioner Martin Bangemann. Ac- 
cording to the group, the fruits of this 
revolution will be a “networked^ un ion . 
The EU’s greater productivity and effi- 
ciency will be achieved by companies 
enjoying Immediate and equal access 
to the information required to operate 

at high rates of efficiency. Indeed, if EU 
heads of state endorse the principle of 
competing networks at this week’s 
summit, the European Commission 
could take immediate steps to liberal- 
ize telecommunications infrastructure 
in the Union. 

In a scenario again reminiscent of 
1992, all of the EU’s telecommunica- 
tion companies are racing to prepare 
for life in the post-1998 world, without 
really knowing what it will be like. Their 
pace has been so fast, In fact, that 
most major telecom producers and 
suppliers - with several notable ex- 
ceptions — would like to see the date 
brought forward. 

The exceptions include Deutsche 
Bundespost Telekom and France 
Telecom. Their reasons for opposing 
this move are simple. Nineteen-ninety- 
eight means the loss of their key mo- 
nopoly on public standard (speech-re- 
lated) telephone services, and they 
need time to get ready. 

To do so, they are going private - 
France Telecom in 1994, according to 
French official sources, and Deutsche 
Telekom in mid- 1996. These privatiza- 
tions involve the acquisition of new 
capital via stock-exchange flotations 
and the reworking of pension plans 
and work-force regulations. This will 
not be simple. In the German compa- 
ny’s case, becoming a private-sector 
company will involve the passing or 
modification of some 300 laws. 

In a further parallel to 1992, this 
pending date has already triggered 
new alliances, entries and approach- 
es. France Telecom and Deutsche 
Telekom have announced the forma- 
tion of a wide-ranging working 
arrangement At its heart is the refor- 
mation of Eunetcom. This “old-new” 
subsidiary (it was originally founded in 
1992, but foundered) is to provide cor- 
porate customers with worldwide com- 
munication systems management and 

data communication services. To give 
this 1 billion Ecu partnership the requi- 
site worldwide reach, the two compa- 
nies have entered into an alliance with 
Sprint, the third-largest U.S. long dis- 
tance telecommunications carrier. To 
cement their partnership, they are tak- 
ing a 20 percent stake in Sprint, at a 
cost of 7 billion Deutsche marks ($4.3 

In early June, the Gesellschaft fur 
Datenfunk (GfD) received a license to 
launch data communication services. 
To that end, this German-French con- 
sortium is investing 500 million DM in 
its broadcast network. GfD has some 
powerful assets - the power masts and 
lines of RWE, the consortium's leader 
and Germany’s largest provider ol 
electricity. According to Der Spiegel, in 
preparation for the launching of GfD, 
RWE has already laid thousands of 
kilometers of high-capacity fiber-optic 
cable. This would constitute 
Germany’s second national telecom- 
munications grid should GfD, as wide- 
ly expected, enter into the standard 
speech-services sector. 

GfD is only one of three such “elec- 
tricity to telecoms" consortia in 
Germany. Other such consortia are 
being formed throughout the EU. 

A major new technology, the 
“telecommunications nexus," neatly in- 
corporates the several hundred com- 
ponents of Europe's telecommunica- 
tions sector. Each of the different ser- 
vices (speech, fax, data transmission, 
teleworking, teleconferencing, E-mail), 
carriers (standard, ISDN, upgraded 
ISDN, satellite-based, radio-based and 
their combinations) and each of the dif- 
ferent categories of service and equip- 
ment providers and end-users and 
their positionings are plotted as a sin- 
gle point. This nexus is reportedly in 
regular use among the groups working 
to establish the EU's post-1998 
telecommunications market. T.S. 

section was produced in its entirety by the supplements division of the International Herald Tribune's 
ZLzrtix/nn department. • Timothy Harper, a writer and lawyer, is the author of -Cracking the New European Markets" 
frr nWi^v&Sons New York). • David Hermges is a writer based in Vienna. * Terry Swartzberg is a Munich-based 
b^iness writer. • Alan Wier is the author of "Guide to Business Travel Europe’ and a contributor lo The Timesof 

London . 

OS’???? 5 ?C ? 55Sffi? i j£J J JJjf "n^S PS3SSD0 SE2PJPPF )» » 

Page 18 

i % -L : •’ ' -h !._; “ ' / :' f 

Pj The success of international con^^ 

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mation logistics. That’s why more and more of these companies are taking advantage oT ^ ;|§| 
Telekom information management systems. One particularly good illustration of this is the ft 

Telekom contribution to the WAN (Wide Area Network) project at FordMcteQi®|f f§gft ft'' 
This worldwide data network, which links all Ford national and international operatfon^ I ( j 
was set up and running in the shortest possible time. Its objective: to create a cost^ffi^fflpg; 
communications system. One feature is its ability to transmit the results and data of ccwS^®|p-: 
er-simulated crash tests to and from the company’s research and development centres basp|^i 
in Cologne (Germany), Dunton (England), and Ford’s supercomputer in Detroit (USA)^ 
Compared to real-life testing, this dramatically cuts down the time it takes to acquire vital 3l| 
design information. To successfully complete this project, Telekom undertook all negot&S^i 
tions with the various international telecommunications authorities, created a special pre^itf ! 
team to investigate all project-related requirements and coordinated all the transmission ftftlljl 
channels to suit the customer’s demands. S 

WAN is now an effective and competitive business tool in Ford operations. It has not onl^iup I 

n'Wlu communications costs but has also significantly streamlined internal communi^S 81 
tions - Optimal, customer-specific solutions 
^ y : , : , : J : J : 9 S9 are a Telekom hallmark. These include one- 
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Tel.: +49 261 1 23 11 
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Wipi fin -fr- 

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miic a ' 

n Union 

PeregulaHon / No Pain. No Gain 

Airlines Begin to Move Out 
From Governmental Shelter 

outside Pari«”frf 2£5 n «° M ° r,y Air P ort to stay. The problem is the lack of a truly lib- 
baen straight could have eral, competitive environment that allows 

movie an ©to Peter Sellers airlines to operate like other businesses." 

' mmvats d®*nonstrators, banner The big subsidized carriers are demand- 

nmime c*. _ re 9 {ona f folklore ing one last swig from the state bottle. 
Britiiff IC25L t ^, h 2 d rL lf,e start 09 AS^nst them stands the other crusader for 
ST n A !!! yS flights from Orty to open skies. Sir Michael Bishop. The head of 
?JS. nc ®S® lo . n granted under British Midland. Britain's secorxWargest car- 
a ! r . ,° e r a ^ zatlon * aws - rier. he is a longtime champion of cheaper 

a ri i« ni5!IS!? Strator f . v y ere P^y success- fares - witness his Diamond-class business- 
. nyln agaying some flights, but the outcome class fares between Britain and Europe, a 
- ?FK? a J*L.. con,iri !! that A 1 ® European virtual two-for-one deal. 

Urvon s highly complicated airline deregula- Sir Michael does not mince words. “Ninety 
ton was under way. British Airways, of percent of European Union air routes con- 
n ? S i u. a Cl ^ ade ’‘ against govern- tinue to be operated through state-owned 
ment control through its successful privati- airline monopolies or duopolies,” he says, 
-zation, rts establishment of an airline In ‘'Only 26 routes are served by more than 
• wrmany and rts entry into the French mar- three carriers. Of the 15 busiest cross-bor- 
toe purchase of major regional der routes in Europe, 10 continue to be 
< ? me j T , -m . . served by the two national airlines of the 

^ASiasr years landing-strip riots at Paris's countries concerned; You can count on the 
Cnanes de Gaulle airport showed, howev- fingers of one hand toe major air routes in 
er, unions backed by national pride in pos- the European Union where fares have fallen 
sessing a nag-carrying airfine are not giving in the past 40 years.” 
jn easily to ideas of market freedom. . Lower fares are coming - slowly. British 
V Ma l° r Mrners such as Lufthansa, Air Airways and British Midland have shown the 
France and Iberia are headed for privatiza- way. Privatization seems the answer once 
tion, but their workers are not prepared for British A/rways-styte shocks have been ac- 
: toe shock of what happened at British capted by Europe’s unions. 

Airways When it went from state to private By 1 997, European airlines will have corn- 
ownership. Some 20,000 jobs were shed, plete freedom in choosing which routes they 
routes were reduced and assets sold. Now wish to serve, which countries they wish to 
prints have returned, productivity has in- operate between and, within certain limits, 
creased and jobs have come bade the fares to be charged. 

'• Two men, above ail, are fighting toe state For toe moment complex issues of na- 
fa nding of European airlines. One is tonal pride and jobs are hindering deregu- 
Geoffrey Upman, president of the Brussels- iation, as the Orty incident showed, 
based World Travel and Tourism Council, However, as Sr Michael states: "Over toe 
the industry's most powerful lobby. He com- past few years, in the face of intense oppo- 
irianted after the Orty events: Tf liberalize- sition from some quarters, the European 
tion of trade were to be held hostage to pro- Commission has moved bravely and deci- 
tectionlst demonstrators, as happened at sively to open up the airline market to com- 
Orty. we would still be in the steam age. The petition with its famous Third Package’ of 
past three years have demonstrated more measures." Eventually, we may see the 
than ever during hard times that U.S. dereg- Italians operating between Aberdeen and 
ufttfari and European liberalization are here Stavanger. AlanTlUier 

Services / The True Transnationals 

While Information Travels, 
Providers Can Stay Home 


Institutions / Creating a True Union 

The figures Indicate that 
In one key area, the single 
European market’s basic 
aspirations have not yet 
been realized. The service 
sector accounts for 64.6 
. percent of the European 
Union’s gross domestic 
product, 60.3 percent of 
its jobs - and onfy 18.4 
percent of intra-Unkm ex- 

Nonetheless, the post- 
1992 EU features a rapidly 
expanding, relatively free 
market in transnational ser- 
vices. This market was cre- 
ated by EU legislation and 
fanned by EU-foctted de- 
mand. tt is also spawning a 
number of spin-offs in the 
fields of education and re- 
search services. _ 

" For - understandable rea- 
sons, the EU’s market for 
services is undercounted. 
These services take the 
form of vast numbers of 
legaldocuments, blueprints, 
statistical analyses, learned . 
opinions and environmental 
audits. Much of this inforriia- • 
tion is provided via comput- : 
ef; fax and telephone lines. 

Flashes / EU News 

Since these lines have no 
customs stations at their 
border crossings, it is not 
possible to monitor these 
transnational services by 
standard methods. Not 
counted, for instance, are 
the reported 10,000 people 
making Scotland one of 
Europe’s teleworking cen- 
ters, or Dublin's corps of off- 
shore investment salespeo- 
ple. Also not included are 
Rostock’s CAD/CAM ex- 
perts, who send their com- 
ponent designs via multime- 
dia connections to shipyards 
throughout Europe, and 
Baden-WOrttemberg'e long- 
distance mechanics, who 
use satellite linkups and on- 
site microsensors to repair 
machines located thou- 
sands of kilometers away. 

To tabulate this growth, 
service industry experts are 
resorting to such esoteric in- 
dicators as too number of 
“non-local-language off- 
shore policies* written by the 
EU’s Insurers, or that of per- 
sonnel recruitment adver- 
tisements placed by non-, 
local agencies. 

Another closely watched 
indicator is toe proliferating 
number of muititource data 
banks. In various stages of 
development they link na- 
tional authorities, agencies 
and companies into EU- 
wide information networks. 
Feeding on these networks 
are so-called Euroexperts, 
whose expertise and forms 
of organization are pan- 
European in scope. 

The EU was Instrumental 
in the creation of these net- 
works, often providing fund- 
ing. EU institutions also 
cleared toe way for their use 
by the Euroexperts. 

Also partially tended by 
the EU is the European 
Institute’s European Eco- 
nomics program. Now in its 
fourth year and held at the 
campus of the University of 
Saarbrucken, the program 
has been designed as a 
breeding ground for a new 
generation of Euroexperts. 
Graduates earn the Master 
of Business Administration 
Europe and Master of 
Economics Europe degrees. 


Parliament’s Current Task: 
Maintaining Delicate Balance 

Continued from page 1 7 

held. On other hand, there are several key 
tests looming for toe European Parliament 
- opportunities to enhance its real power as 
well as its public image. First, toe heads of 
toe 12 governments are about to pick a suc- 
cessor to European Commission President 
Jacques Delors. The European Parliament 
has veto power over the choice, which it is 
unlikely to use for fear of further straining the 
already fragile EU structure. 

It is equally unlikely, however, that toe 12 
heads of government will pick a president 
obviously unacceptable to a majority - or 
even a significant minority - of Euro MPs. 
This means thatthe prospective candidates 
are being careful to forge political alliances 
with Euro MPs. Euro MPs, meanwhile, are 
more likely to support a candidate who 
thinks the European Parliament should have 
more power in the near future. 

In addition, the European Parliament will 
hold confirmation hearings on appointees to 
toe European Commission, the EU’s chief 
policymaking arm. A country or a prospec- 
tive commissioner not promising to support 
expanded Europariiamentary powers could 
end up being embarrassed. 

H the European Commission or toe mem- 
ber nations do not bow to the Parliament’s 
demands for more legislative authority, then 
Euro MPs could also scuttle expansion 

A long-range test will be the 1996 inter- 
governmental review of the Maastricht 
treaty. This constitutional review, mandated 
by toe treaty itself, could be a major step in 
raising the Parliament to equal status with 
the European Commission. That is what the 
last Parliament demanded, but the proposal 
has opposition, notably from Britain and 

What role toe European Parliament plays 
in that review -a toy step in determining the 
future of European political and economic 
union - will in large part decide what role 
Euro MPs play in toe European Union of toe 
21st century. 

One thing, though, is certain. The new 
Euro MPs and toe new EU president, who- 
ever it is, cannot stand by and wait for the 
member governments to hand over power. It 
is up to them, individually and as an institu- 
tion, to generate enthusiasm among the 
general population, gain support from na- 
tional governments and gather power at toe 
European level. Timothy Harper 

Business Briefs: Regions, Repositioning and Equine Rights 

Even before the June 12 
. referendum oin Austria’s ac- 
cession to the EU, SL 
P&ften, capital of . the 
province of Lower Austria, 

was confidently Airing the 
12-staned blue-and-gold 
. flaorand seeing ftseff as a. 
bridgehead to tire rteighbor- 
- ing. countries of the Czech 
Republic, . Slovakia and 
Hiihgary. The potential op- 
pphunffies for St. POtter* in 

’ Unedby Wolfgang Streiten- 
beraer.cfirectorof NOPLAN, 
" the jplarmihg company for 
! the c^^ acfanlnistrative seo- 
tor^tfqe -for completion Ho 
• j1996tTo my mind, toere is 


sgedard of living, can, , 
ajW^twskld, . enhance the 

WftyS&are disappearing" 

. from, the large cities of 
Europe.” Wfth’ mind, a 
whole self-contained Cuttu- 
. rat District is being btdft ad- 
jdrrjihg ’ this governmental 

m a Europe of the Regions 

a cfly iike St. P6tten can 

compete effectively even 
wjto : ; av." metropolis .. like 
Vienna* 60 kilometers (37 
-nrile^}; away. "If is impor- 
tant*"^ says: .Mr. Streiten- 

berger, “that small commu- 
nities remain optimistic when 
confronted with the EU 
colossus.” David Harmges 
. • Since the introduction of 
tire single market, European 
Union financial houses have 
been availing themselves of 
the freedom to expand into 
new markets. An unfore- 
seen ©foment , has been the 
wave ; of finance houses re- 
casting and repositioning 
themselves. A parallel de- . 
velopment has been toe 
change In the nature of pri- 
vately held companies going 
public ' and International. 
-•There Is nothing new about 
companies- based in Ger- 
. many/- and Other national 
European markets seeking 
capital abroad,” says Uli 
Kaen at toe Munich office of 

Europafsche Investftions 
SA “America’s stocks and 
securities exchanges - plus, 
to a lesser extent, London 
and Luxembourg - have tra- 
ditionally been main sources 
of venture capital for the 
Continent’s young, high-tech 
companies. Today, howev- 
er, to the wake of the finan- 
cial markets’ new Interna- 
tionalism, whole corporate 
sectors, including Ger- 
many’s ance-staid small and 
medium-sized businesses, 
have decided to profit from 
toe greater openness and 
liquidity characteristic of 
New York and other leading 
International financial cen- 
ters. Our group’s role is to 
provide access to those 
centers.” To do so, toe 
Eurbpaische Investitioos 

Thw Ui ik w raH y of Saarland, Sarftrtfctan. Germany 

European Institute 

" Section Business and Economics 
**+ offers the 

Master of Business Administration - Europe 

group secures listings for rts 
corporate customers on the 
NASDAQ and other ex- 
changes. T.S. 

• Working to improve toe 
welfare of the EU’s equine 
population is toe Inter- 
national League for the 
Protection of Horses, 
which has launched a cam- 



I Professional Certificate 
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paign to bring about 
changes in the European 
regulations covering toe 
transportation of horses for 
slaughter. According to toe 
British-based charity, whose 
Continental subsidiary is lo- 
cated in Paris, a Europe- 
wide petition is being circu- 
lated protesting against the 


conditions under which 
horses are currently shipped 
within the EU, and calling for 
revised standards to be ap- 
plied to animals coming 
from outside its borders. The 
League hopes to place toe 
petition before tire European 
Parliament and Council of 
Ministers to July. 



department de formation permanent? 

Tel.: 45 5t 64 58 

Brussels - Luxembourg 


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Travel Industry / Hardy Perennial 

Tourism Sector 
Is Back in Bloom 

Boom times look to be 
back again for tourism In 
the European Union. 
People ere spending and 
traveling again. Traffic in 
the first quarter of this 
year rose 9 percent as efia- 
counted air tickets, hotel 
reductions and attractive 
packages helped push the 
Industry toward recovery. 

Classical holiday destina- 
tions in the Mediterranean 
such as Spain, France, Italy 
and Greece are benefiting 
from toe drop in tourism in 
other countries in the region, 
notably the former Yugo- 
slavia, Turkey and Egypt 
This redistribution of travel- 
ers is helping EU destina- 
tions from Britain to Greece. 

The latter is set to go 
above the 10 million mark 
for visitors this year. (Local 
advice: avoid eland-hopping 
to July and August, when 
the boats are expected to be 
crammed to this record sum- 

Europe, which had 296.5 
million arrivals last year (up 
2 percent from 1992) and 
tourist receipts of $16.6 bil- 
lion (up 5.7 percent), is the 
world's largest tourist desti- 
nation after the United 
States. Airfine sales are up, 
according to both toe 
International Air Transport 
Association and the Asso- 
ciation of European Airlines. 

Tourism, already Europe's 
largest industry, is a major 
source of jobs. The Impor- 
tance of this has not es- 
caped the European Union, 
which is increasingly allocat- 
ing money from its consider- 
able regional budget for 
tourist projects, be they 
roads on Greek islands or 
entertainment parks in 
Ireland. European Union aid 
for tourist projects within the 
12 countries has recently 
risen to 2.3 billion Ecus 
($2.7 billion), with the 
European Investment Bank 
adding another billion Ecus. 

France expects its im- 
pressive total of 60 million 
visitors in 1993 to be re- 
peated, giving the country a 
massive tourism surplus. 
Spain expects 56 million vis- 
itors following the devalua- 
tion of the peseta and new 
efforts to increase toe price- 
quality ratio in hotels. 

Italy, which has managed 
to hold down its hotel prices, 
expects a 10 percent jump 
in toe number of tourists, ris- 
ing to as high as 50 percent 
to Sicily. 

Behind the impressive fig- 
ures - IATA showed pas- 
senger totals climbing 12 
percent in March - the in- 
dustry is engaged in a new 
round of airfine mergers or 

links, such' as the one be- 
tween Alitalia and Con- 
tinental, the latter being toe 
pacesetter in cross-Atlantic 

Major travel-agency 
agreements like the one be- 
tween France’s Wagons- Lits 
Travel and the U.S.-based 
Carlson offer both toe busi- 
ness and holiday traveler 
cheap fare-scanning sys- 
tems. The venerable 
Thomas Cook agency, new 
German-owned, 1$ doing toe 
same, and is probably best 
placed for plane and train 
reservations across Europe. 
Its new European train 
guide is a modem version of 
that of Grand Tour days. 

A range of bargains is 
available for this season’s 
traveler, be it at a three-star 
hotel or at Britain's presti- 
gious Savoy group, which is 
offering a double at 
Claridge’s for £1 60 ($240) a 
night and a £35 meal. A two- 
course meal for £8 a head at 
London’s Simpson’s-in-the- 
Strand must be one of the 
season’s best bargains. 

Hoteliers are saying the 
recession is over and are 
doing their best to encour- 
age the upturn. While much 
has been said about lower 
occupancy at the top end of 
the market, this is contra- 
dicted by the fierce battles 
for control of major luxury 
groups that have come onto 
toe market, such as the 
Italian Ciga chain, among 
toe best in Europe, and the 
Meridian branch of Air 

Even this category of ho- 
tels offers services that were 
unknown a few years ago. 
Rooms at the Conrad Hotel 
in London, for example, are 
bigger than many European 
apartments. Workstations 
are installed at most Hilton 
International hotels. The 
Luden Barrifere resort group 
in France at Deauville, La 
Baule and Cannes is offer- 
ing rates of little more than 
$100 a night with golf, ten- 
nis, riding and sailing thrown 
in. This may be Europe’s 
best deal. 

Double air-mile deals 
abound, as well as free 
overnight stays on several 
outbound destinations, like 
free rooms in Bologna and 
Turin on Alitalia out of 
London. The Scots have 
worked out similar deals 
with Air Fiance in Paris. 

The Channel Tunnel, 
when it becomes fully oper- 
ational, mil give a tremen- 
dous boost to European 
tourism, as will the growing 
hook-up between High- 
speed trains and airports. 



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As our domestic clients 
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Page 20 



Olajuwon Adds an MVP 
With a 25 -Point Showing 

By Clifton Brown 

New York Times Service 

HOUSTON — The Rockets 
took the city of Houston on its 
first championship ride. The 
New York Knicks' quest For 
glory ended in anguish. 

In winning their first Nation- 
al Basketball Association title, 
the Rockets defeated the 
Knicks, 90-84, in Game 7 of the 
championship series Wednes- 
day night after losing in the 
finals to the Boston Celtics rn 
both 1981 and 1986. 

It was the crowning moment 
in the brilliant career of Ha- 
keem Olajuwon, the Rockets’ 
center, who had 25 points and 
10 rebounds and was unani- 
mously voted the most valuable 
player of the series. He became 
the* first player to be named 
regular-season MVP, defensive 
player of the year and MVP of 
the final in the same season. 

“If you write a book, you 
can’t write it any better,” said 

It was a crushing defeat for 
the Knicks, who hoped to win 
their first title since 1973. In- 
stead, they became the 20th 
consecutive team to lose an 
NBA Game 7 on the road, with 
the RockeLs having also won 
Game 6 at the Summit. 

Patrick Ewing, in his ninth 
season with the Knicks, had 
□ever been this close to an NBA 
title. Neither had his team- 
mates. And it was a cruel finale 
for John Starks, the All-Star 
guard who had one of his worst 
performances in the biggest 
game of his life: 2 for 18 shoot- 
ing, including 0 for 11 from 3- 
poim range, as he finished with 
just 8 points. 

The Rockets’ locker room 
was a scene of joy and celebra- 
tion, with players dousing each 
other with champagne. In the 
Knicks’ locker room the scene 
was quiet and dry — except for 
the eyes. 

“They played as hard as they 
could for as long as they could,” 
said Pat Riley, who fell short of 
winning his first championship 
with the Knicks after winning 
four as coach of the Los Ange- 
les Lakers. 

“There isn’t any solace in 
anything I could say to them 
right now. I don't think I’ve 
ever been more proud of a team 
in my life. I can’t tell you how I 
fed about the guys on this team. 
They have been through the 
wars, been through so much.” 

Asked about Starks, Riley 
said he never considered taking 
him out in the fourth quarter. 

For investment 



every Saturday 
in the IHT 

when the guard missed 9 of 10 

“John almost single-handed- 
ly won it for us in Game 6,” said 
Riley. “You go with your play- 
ers. You go up with them, you 
go down with them.” 

A subdued Starks said: “I 
don’t know what it was. It was 
very discouraging. Mv shot 
kept coming up short. When 1 
went out before the game to 
shoot, I felt real good. My team- 
mates were behind me. The 
shots I had were good looks. 1 
can’t explain it.” 

But Houston's defense had 
something to do with it. Vernon 
Maxwell was all over S larks, 
refusing to give him room for 
shots. And when Starks did get 
past Maxwell and drove to the 
basket. Olajuwon was waiting. 
Maxwell played his best gams 
of the series, scoring 21 points, 
including a 3-point jumper that 
virtually sealed the outcome. 

“i was talking to Kenny 
Smith before the game, and he 
told me that we’d have to hold 
John under 15 points for us to 
win the game.” Maxwell said. 
“He said that if Starks got more 
than 15 points, it would be a 
long night for our team.” 

Instead, it was a long night 
for the Knicks. They fell behind 
early in the third quarter and ' 
were never able to catch up. 
trailing by 4 to 7 points for most 
of the "second naif. 

Charles Oakley made two 
free throws to make it 78-75 
with 2 minutes, 51 seconds left, 
but Olajuwon answered with a 
tough hook shot over Ewing. 
Then Ewing, who finished with 
17 points and 10 rebounds on 7 
for 17 shooting, missed a jump 
shot from the left baseline. 

Then Maxwell struck. Get- 
ting the ball from Olajuwon. 
who smartly passed out of a 
double-team. Maxwell sank a 3- 
pointer from 25 feet, giving the 
Rockets an 8-point lead with 
1:48 left. The Knicks called a 
timeout. Maxwell fell to the 
floor and was mobbed by team- 
mates racing on the court from 
the bench. 

The Rockets knew this vic- 
tory belonged to them. The 
Knicks never gave up. but they 
never got closer than 4 points 

“I don’t have words to ex- 
plain or describe what it feels 
like,” said Houston’s coach, 
Rudy Tomjanovich. “It’s al- 
most like being a a dream." 

The Knicks hoped to join the 
Rangers as league champions, 
giving New York City both the 
pro hockey and basketball titles 
in the same season, something 
no city has ever accomplished. 

Instead. for the Knicks, it 
was a nightmare. 

“I’m extremely disappoint- 
ed," Ewing said, “but I’m stiU 
proud of my teammates. It 
hurts, period, this is a game we 
could have won, but we didn’t. 
We made too many mistakes.” 


By Bob Nightengale 

las Angela Tima Saner 

ANAHEIM, California —It was the 
moment the California Angels’ fans had 
been awaiting for three days, and as soon 
the ball left his bat, they sucked in their 
breath while witnessing the historic shot 
They reacted as if Ken Griffey Jr. was 
one of their own, celebrating his 31st 
home run of the season en route to the 
Seattle Mariners' 12-3 victory over the 
Angels on Wednesday night 
The 22305 fans erupted into cheers 
the moment the ball soared into the Mar- 
iners’ bullpen and were providing a 
standing ovation by the time Griffey 
crossed home plate. 

They did not need a ay prompts by the 
scoreboard to tell them that Griffey had 
just made baseball history by hitting 

»• fc. anil' 

more homerethanTmydne^'bydieefld^^iotos iwfll 
of June, eclipsing Babe Ruth’s ream! of y 

30 set in 1928 and 1930. It wasGriffer^s ... ' ■ 

first homer in four games, but bis Hindi,: f^ej^/bat&g 
in the last 16 games. * ' • — V X v~ ; 

Griffey, who predicted beforefeattmg staggered #£«. 

practice that he would hit his 31st honor, abtea fheMmnerl^ -> 

did so with a drive fcat tiavded 
(123 meters), his 1 Tth oonsecutivehonKr 4 homcm 
of more than 400 feeL He now is <m pace-T 

to hit 71 homers, 10 more than Roger- ' anOthd^Be ^nstesd'&ns^|4mr'in^.t . : 
Maris’s record of 61 set ib^ 1961, 

“My mom told me before the game, Ut., 
you do it, do it tonight,’ bccaase she was - 

watching on television in Cincinnati )”: ; aS manyhw^eis^Imtseas o M ^ MPf.>w«cr --- 
Griffey said. - ’ ^ 

“I don’t really concern myself with 
history,” he added. “It's not going ib / puB«i 
hdp me. I don't want to be thinking, *He Range? 
hit a homer this day, so I have to Intone.* leinnri^'iBstaiaH 
“I don’t wony about; the p*§L jhe = “ 

'.■C.r.l • .** -* 4 k 

7 4 , 

- -mf-: 

life* ? 

1 “ 1 ” - ... . «V Vvj 

Yankees Romp in 7th to 

The Aaoaaed Pm to load the bases before Wade ' Red Spx^Bfci^ays ^Tqm:V rritbe 

Said the New York Yankees’ Boggs’s sacrifice fly scored Ve- Brunaaisky 
manager. Buck Showalter: “It larde to make it 2-1. . and. Boston completed a 

seemed like the first team that Don Mattingly doubled in game sweep in Toronto. . ; V m* 

scored was going to win.” GaBego for a 3-1 lead, and Call -pjj e Red' Sox had Ida 11 jut^.-shra 

Well the Minnesota Twins WiBis relieved Guthrie. Wfflis ^ before starting the 

scored the fust run Wednesday gave iq> a two-nm angle to Jim . ^ skyDome. The Bluc Jaw-i.' 5 

night in New York, but the Leyn£ ; “d* tw^ran homer 10 *. have loa five stra^^.* 

Yankees won. 9-2 Paj^CWrill^ w* Bnmansky singled hraneV'a ■ >,£ 

Scott Kamieniecki and Kevin K nm in the first inning anddou^ • ’ ’ 

Tapani both pitched shutouts double to become tnelirst Yan- another nm in — 

for six innings, before the Twins third. He is 9-for-27 witH three • : ^strmAit K 4iry 

scored in the seventh on Alex AL ROUNDUP hon»rumandlORBI^jSe^ihad®fimtt^hdfflwr' 

Cole's sacrifice fly. games since being acquired his^careej^ ^eadm^ : — - 

The Yankees responded with ^ ^ season to get two hits in fram Milwaukee last week; ■ • '’" .oyedP 
seven runs in the bottom of the ^ inning before Willis Paul Molitor dro’vt lji bdth- Md ^ 

inning as 1 1 batters came up f ma |]y retired the side. nms for Toronto. ' - ■ .v 10-gan^T- 

^ £Ta^|S?Wl Brewere ^ Oriote 2: Alec 

game going for 6Vt innings,” Diaz hit his first m^or league. ^ Kansas S^^S!3Ra^^dc-4h^ 4 ^ : 
said the Twins’ manager. Tom homer durmg an eight-run sec- M iOrrifraS 

Kelly, whose dub was swept in and inning that led Milwaukee Jose and L Wally i%W^ 

the three-aame series to victory in Baltimore. drove m three TiinSi eadi had AJojnax^BJl a-. mefe*run-i; 

Tapani had only fi v c CUBdjd % 

bottom of the scvBoth with a fom. «“>* 

Itino rirtnKltf rtff 1 &Ft TU- ■** - — — - - *- * 1 ■<*« coming off the disabled list on ‘ ... ■ - 

The Assoaaed Pan to load the bases before Wade 

Said the New York Yankees’ Boggs’s sacrifice fly scored Ve- 
manager. Buck Showalter: “It larde to make it 2-1. 
seemed Uke the first team that Don Mattingly doubled in 
scored was going to win.” Gallego for a 3-1 lead, and Carl 
Well the Minnesota Twins WiBis relieved Guthrie. Wffiis 
scored the fust run Wednesday pve xq> a 
night in New York, but the fe=yn *?? d „ a ™ hcxasxt0 
Yankees won. 9-2. Paul O’Neil his 13th. 

Scott Kamieniecki and Kevin Will i ams then bit a two^out 
Tapani both pitched shutouts double to become theiirst Yan- 

for six innings, before the Twins ' 

scored in the seventh on Alex AL ROUNDUP 

Cole’s sacrifice fly. 

The Yankees responded with kee this season to get two hits in 
seven runs in the bottom of the same inning before WiBis 
inning as 1 1 batters came up r ma fly retired the side, 
a gains t three Twins pitchers. 

“We had a pretty good ball Brewers 9, Orioles 2: Alex 
game going for 6V4 innings,” Diaz hit his first major league 
said the Twins' manager. Tom homer during an eight-run sec- 
Kelly, whose dub was swept in ond inning that led Milwaukee 

the same innin g before WBlis 
finally retired the side. 

Brewers 9, Orioles 2: Alex 
Diaz hit his first major league . 

the three-game series. 

Tapani had aUowed only five 
hits over the first six innings, 
but Bemie Williams started the 
bottom of the seventh with a 
long double off the left field 
wall and Randy Velarde walked 

to victory in Baltimore. 

Cal Eldred pitched his sec- 
ond straight three-hitter. He 
struck out four and walked 

The Brewers combined nine 
hits and two walks off Ben Mc- 


Pi'i i'.«m nv. Wiikil It.*.. 

Hakeem Olajuwon, with Anthony Mason hanging on, 
scoring two of his points. He also pulled down 10 rebounds. 


- before Mike Gallego’s single Donald and Mark Williams on 

scored Williams to tie the score. 
Left-hander Mark Guthrie then 
replaced Tapani. 

Guthrie walked Luis Polonia 

in takin g a 9-0 lead. McDonald 
started the season 7-0, bat since 
then has gone 3-5 with a 5.18 

White Sox 4, Rangers ffc .WB-L 
son Alvarez pitched two-hitbalL 
for right innings , as Chicago, 
playing at home, beat Texas. 

Darrin Jackson’s RBI double . 

!oy«n? l^-jsparin&^A; 

16 Mets, but Then 

The ABiKiated Prey, 

The Atlanta Braves's Greg 
Maddux had his usual pinpoint 
control. Throwing to first base 
was anoLher matter. 

The two-time Cy Young win- 
ner appeared to be breezing to 
his 11th victory' Wednesday 
night when he gave up four runs 
in the eighth inning and lost a 5- 
2 decision to the visiting New 
York Mets. 

“I just made a bad throw.” he 
said. “No excuses. I launched 

Maddux had retired 16 bai- 
ters in a row and was leading, 2- 
1. in the eighth when pinch- 

hitter Shawm Hare singled in 
the tying run. 

Fernando Vina put down a 
sacrifice bunt but raced all the 
way to third as Ryan Thomp- 


son and Hare scored when 
Maddux jJirew wide of first and 
into the right field bullpen area. 
Jose Vizcaino then drove in 
Vina with a sacrifice fly. 

The Mets' John Franco then 
pitched the ninth for his 17th 
save this season, and 253d in 
the majors, the most by a left- 
hander. He was previously lied 

with Dave Righettl now with 

The Braves took a 2-0 lead in 
the first on back-to-back home 
runs by Roberto Kelly and Jeff 
Blauser. The Mets closed to 2-1 
on Thompson’s RBI single in 
the second. 

Expos 6, Cardinals 4: Larry 
Walker hit a three-run homer 
and Moises Alou a solo shot in 
St. Louis as Montreal Bob 
Tewksbury’s career-worst 
slump alive. 

Tewksbury has been stuck on 
eight victories for six starts, ail 
losses, during which he has 
compiled embarrassing totals 

of 29¥s innings. 57 hits and 33 
runs allowed for a 10.13 ERA. 

Pacfres 7, Dodgers 6: Rookie 
Luis Lopez had four hits, one 
an RBI double in the seventh 
that gave San Diego its victory 
over visiting Los Angeles. 

San Diego blew a 6-2 lead in 
the top of the seventh when 
Raul Mondesi hit a three-run 
homer, his 10th, and Carlos 
Hernandez a solo shot 

Rockies 14, Astros 5: Dante 
Bichette hit two homers and 
tied Colorado records with five 
RBIs and four hits in helping 
rout visiting Houston. 

hit a solo homer in the fourth 
and doubled home the go- 
ahead run in the eighth as Pitts- 
burgh held off PhuadeZphia for 
its seventh straight victory at 

Reds 4, Giants 3: Barry Lar- 
kin’s two-out single in the ninth 
in-Qnrinnafi handed San Fran- 
dsco its 11th loss in 13 ganxs. 

Reggie Sanders angled home 
a run with two out in the eighth 
to give the Reds a 3-2 lead. Blit 
Matt Williams hit his NL4ead- 
ing 24th homer m themnthto 
halt a 2-for-27 skid slump. 

WASHR^^ i 

Fehr, head of the players union, - 
said his group ‘xs greparihg tb , . 

present the-ownws with a series . - 
rfpibpdsals; featfalt&imfiveTO; ^ * ■ 
management’s; plan that kaB*r- > 
for ahTran t qnpiaycrs’ salaries.. •-••• 

‘ Fcfc was ih Washm^^ fo’v - 

that yroold stripMajwrLeagjte': 
BasebaB of its antiiniat exonp-; ! ? 
turn id labor matters; j 

. If the. legislation: bedoni^'r: 
law, a strike could probably^ r.’,. 
avoided rincelxasriMlliplaytxsr'" ■ v 
and owners cwild sctfie thdl^ ; " 
-difference* -in court 
pliers in the National Foofc-j V 
baB League and NatiorihhBWr ' .'*■+ 
ketball ; Association: in. reo 
years. Basri»ll is currentiy > 
cmlym^orsport with anim^v.; 
trust exenapbooL ;fr , *.rr , ^s ^=v. 




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otl *«. Paul' Asseo. 
-.vT^ ou i. the side in 
*•.*** a=L - 30 Texas raniw 
!C “oosd bass in the 

*“ 9 - fc Santo 
- r f~ttc for ihe third 
'Y ■ ^ Thome 

4 ■ -'•' ' i '* o-hoaperg^mcof 
sw:.Jsi&b| On-dad 

: ™s*-.s. who had their 

> 7 *. » -snning streak 
4 -?'wa\ aisht. aowrt 
— - ‘-san* hraesuod 
. ■»; r.clc, where ihev'w 
? it 2 row 

”jr a :fcrec-mn 
TV.rrr.; hi; p,o sob 
s;v:r .2 i±z 6 res hone 
;n vr-rr. career at-baj 

* -"l'St. SXtany. 

yen Preparing 

i»-;* ” 7 : •«■ j\;; 5/"-^ 

■jeae of Lie pla^euM 
.... greue a 

it l 1 ?: outers ^thi^a 

t »«._•■;» i> an a.’eici-'-^ 
F-32 t^‘ ^ 
; T.^j •- peers' siai 

r was in ^34 .ticzi* 3^ 
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• --b#. :• 



Edberg and Courier Join 
Exodus at Wimbledon 

most important thing right now 

is that I ha 

By Leonard Shapiro of the Queen's, a grass warm-up 

Washington poa Sentec for Wimbledon. is that f have confidence right 

WIMBLEDON, England — “It's sad because it’s such a now. Mentally, 1 fed very good. 
First it was Steffi Graf. Then nice event to play, one of the and that's important, especially 
Michael Sticb. And now Stefan highlights of the year,” said Ed- on grass.” 

berg, who now lives in London. 

“Unfortunately, I’m out of iL 
and I just have to accept iL It’s 

my own fault, nobody else.” 

That’s been the litany of all 
the big-name losers these first 
few days in a tournament that 
now offers all manner of in- 

GiB AMm/The Auoducd Pit* 

frank Lroobanfi/Agma Fraux Prvue 

It was a day of downers for Sergi 
Biuguera of Spain (above, left) 

Edberg. All past champions, all 
high seeds, and now all elimi- 
nated even before the start of 
the third round. 

And Jim Courier, last year's 

What a wild and wonderful 
Wimbledon it’s been, and 
they’ve only been playing four tripling possibilities.. 
days. I think every bev 

On a delightfully sunny after- 
noon, Kenneth Carisen, a crisp- 
ly cool 21 -year-old Danish 
player ranked 113th in the 
world, found his way back to 
center court Thursday for the 
second time and played as if 
he’d been hitting winners there 
all his life. 

After dropping the first two 
sets on tiebreakers, the first on 
Wednesday evening before 
darkness stopped play, and af- 
ter watching Edberg save five 
match points in his last service 

l igra 

Fourth-seeded Martina Nav- 
ratilova routed Sandra Cecchini 
of Italy, 6-2, 6-0, to remain in 
contention for a 10 th title at her 
farewell to Wimbledon at age 

For Carisen, the critical fac- 
tor against Edberg was his 
, . , . , serve. He put 64 percent of his 

everybody thmks first serves in, with 14 aces 
they can beat their opponent „ E<) ;nK i the Swede. 

“That’s been ray problem for 
some time, not having a stable 
first serve,” be said. “Some 
matches I was playing unbeliev- 
able service and some I didn't 

every time they §0 onto the 
court,” Carisen said, “because 
every player plays well now. No 
player can be sure to win the 
match if they don’t do their 

firs,™ On grass, rn, 

Such, veiy good players are .. . . 

there. It’s veiytough.” , Carisen, who said he aban- 

The two-time French Open don « 1 swramung and took -« 

champion, Sergei Bruguera, ta H us , w ^ c 5L^ s mD v ^ 
found that out on Court only play«l Edberg once before 

Seeded eighth here primarily m Davis Cu P cotnpemioii, los- 

mid Stefan Edberg of Sweden KSfiBitbSi SdS {«• in te « tf. n* 

durmg the second round at Wim- uA tezms hdd^ ^ P** courts, he won less ; match after Swedenhad al- 

Uedon. Brusuera. the French ^lenditfiy to dose out a sS ^ aeht ndmts to finaUv out Taid y advanced m March. 

Bruguera, the French 
Open champion, managed to 
hoW on in a fire-set match of 4 
boors, 23 minutes to defeat Pat- 
rick Rafter of Australia. But the 
third-seeded Edberg, twice 
champ at Wimbledon, tost in five 
sets to 113tb-ranked Kenneth 
Carisen of Denmark. Arantxa 
Sanchez Vicario of Spain, the 
French Open women’s champi- 
on, defeated Maria Jos6 Gai- 
dano of Argentina, 6-2, 6-1. Sdn- 
chez Vicario is now the favorite 
at Wimbledon after Steffi Graf 
lost in die first round. 

ring, 6-7 (R-6), 6-7 (8-6). 6-2, 6- 
4, 64 victory. 

Then the fifth-seeded Couri- 
er, winner of four Grand Slams, 
was sent packing by Guy For- 
get, who has been sidelined for 
most of a year by knee surgery. 
He has fallen to 1,130th in the. 

The French player, who be- 
fore winning his first-round 
match here had last posted a 
regular tour victory in March 
1$3, won by 3-6, 6-3, 3-6, 6-3. 

“He played welL He deserved 

last eight points to finally put 
away Australian Patrick Rafter, 
, 7-6 (74), 3-6, 4-6, 74, 13-11, 
in 4 hours, 21 minutes. 

In other second-round men's 
matches, ninth-seeded Andrei 
Medvedev rallied to defeat 
Slava Dosedol of the Czech Re- 
public, 3-6, 7-5, 6-1, 6-4, and 

“I knew 1 could win at least 
one set, so why not three,” he 
said. “I was v«*r^ positive going 
into the match.” 

Edberg was hardly devastat- 
ed by the loss, and even man- 
aged to keep his sense of humor. 
Asked what he’d do for the next 
ten days of the tournament, he 







Major League Standings 


East Dtvtdoa 

w L Pet. 


Mew York 

42 27 nor 


- 38 31 St 



■ • ■ 35 34 - J07 



3S 34 ,587 





. - 42 26 .- 


37 31 M* 


Kansas City . 

» 32 SU 



• 37 32 J36- 



33 37 ^Ol 




Texas. • 

-*3X’ St - . AST ' 

• -re ' 


31 2B . A43 



31 42 A25 . 


Ooktantf - • 

■ 25 45 357 



W L Itot. 


Atlanta ... 

r t . 45 34 4S2 


.. 42 28 jm 



- 35 36 AW 



34 .34 A86 


New York 

33. 38 . AA5 


• *■ * 

Cmrtrta DMslea . 

CtadanaU - 

« V . 580 . 



. .351 J? J49 . 

. 2 

St. Louis 

> 34 JS - •. A93 



33-36 A7B 



tt » AW-^. 



Las Angeles 

36 35 J07 


33 38 . A65 



» 41. .- A23 


Son Dfago 

/ 28 43 JM 


Wednesday’s Una Scores 



• • an -asp « 


M|W Y«rt m m 71* — » W V 

-Teratf. Guthiie t7L wans (71. Marrtnm 
(S) and WHtpck; KamtonJctfld P. GDtton <n 
and Layrite W— Komtam*<*LM. L— Twwni, 
M. H B -'Hawr York. OTWU f!3). 

Tans. ± M W •*-* 1 l 

CMcobo; W Ml Me— < I S 

FatartJaD.SoUtn (7>^<anW W and OrttK 
•Atwmrf-ili— n ma ehar (W and Karvovice. . 
w-Mv<ni. M. tr-F<Man>e. M. 

OmkMf KM Ijf.fM— T >7_ • 

EMimi > . , m m xM — 4 n . i . 

Mt*fl4|)z. Plank (7) omlAkunar, P*no (■>; ‘ 
DQhst*r.<Gadarat CSU SottldMon (5V and 
Kimrter.W-^artlfle* « 'Z—OctmtY. bi L 
Hb-CMidand. Ttmnv l (IS), Alomar Xf). 
Ddrt>«;?S»murt CO. • 

MHwnlHfk . . . ItMN tm-f M • 
MHaw* na HI MO— a 3 1 

EMridond Harper: McDonaM.WItltomaon 
f2). T. 6MW ff) and Hfla. ttMEldraOJ^r. 
l*Md&aaU'l(kL Sur- 

hofl («, A.l»az (1). BOttlmora, HoBm OlV 

mum - - mi na -.Mfri*- f *- 

Toronto M ■» ' MW J O 

iWncitwv Howard («. Rumafl m^-fUfon 
(7) end Bartywn.- Sfowarb COsHtia (7). W. 
wniicBwifhMd Bordon, Knoer iSK W-Mln-.. 
am. U L-^kwirt. 54. Sv-K. Ryan M). , 
SeattH MN W.M0--T1 U # 

atmnMFSr, » m 7 

Fkmlni Wrtw rrf, AVcta TO and a w. 
mu: On.Amfirf™,itrtcfter (tf). DMaan UK,. 
LoHorts Je.Oabiai akUMvn Pti law w - 
dro TO.d^^eAns f ».t^an.Anaana«S-.-'. 

Z HR*— Seoffla, Griffey Jr. (31!, BMMera (4>. 
*mm» env nn im-io n i 

OMdBM ON Ml MO-1 ■ • 

Gordon. Pichardo (7) ondMoclariano; Van 
Pamt Hanman C7). Taylor (I). Reyw m 
ana SMflbadi. W— Gordon, 7-4. L— van Pw 
p«U4.HRs— Kansas aty.Honwlln (11), Jcnr 
(5). Oakland, McGwire (5)- 

ManirMi m m m-4 » s 

S L Ladle OH m 1M— I 7 1 

Rumor, Heradlo (4), Kolas (7). MMMaod 
TO and Plstchar; Towfcatiwry, Ewruird (fll. 
Porvr TO and. McGrtfl. W-Rustar,. M. 

I — Tsw tM ury, *-7. Sv— Wertrtand TO). 
HRs— Montreal, Alou (13). WaDur (11). St 
Louis, Poaa (5). 

7 2 

U 1 

HaraMser. McDowatl IS). DreHort (7K & 

. Boreas TO and Ca. Hernandez; Banes. Ta- 
baka (7).. Campbell (7), PA Martinez (BK 
Hoffman (9) and B. Johnson, Auamus (7). 
W— Campbell, M. L-Ondfart, 0-5. Sv-Hoff- 
ntan (13). HRs— 5m OtoBQ, Plantin’ (151. Las 
Anpeles, Mondtsl (10). CDHamandez (1). 
Housloa Ml MB M3— S 13 I 

Colorado 221 41B Ms— W 2fl B 

SwkidML To, Janes (2), VBres «>. Hampton 
(«), Hwtak (B) and Eusebio; 

TO.MJMunaz (*) mdSheoffar. 

Z L-SwtncM, ML H Ri— COtarodo. BJchefle 2 


New York BM MB MM 7 * 

Alteon 2M m Bos — 2 4 1 

P. 5<nWv Goto <«, Froncn {») and Hond- 
tev:Gh Maddux mdj.Looez.Vtf — P. smith, 4-7. 
L— G. -Mpddux, 1<KL flw— rra nc a (TO. 
HRs— Attar hv R. Kelly It), Bteunr O)- 


MO 112 Bl»— S 7 2 

West Qumtrin (4), SSacumb (7) and Dam- 
ian.- Lienor. R. Manzanillo it), a. Pena TO and 
SlausM. W— R. Monzaallla, »L L — Stocomtx 
4-L 5w-A Pern (5)- HRs— P lt t m urolv Kina 
(3). Merced (3), McClendon (IL 

VIA IBB Ml— 3 < 1 

ua m ni—4 t b 

- . Block, Borba (7), Frey (BKMontetoano (B), 
Htckerean TO, Beck TO and Je. Reed. Mm- 

1 Marine (D; HaaeorvX Ruffin (SKJ. Branftey 
Mem 1-2. HRs— 5m Frondsca, Bonds floj. 
Mo. wiltems UMK 

ITw Michael itorctenWateh 

■ WEDNESDAYS GAME: Jordm wa*B-ter- 
3 In the Barons’ 54 tow la Nashville. Jordan 
shuck oul in Bte second and flflh imineL flted 
la left field In H» eeuealh and walked to the 

- nWh. He had four putouts to rtoftf field. 

SEASON TO DATE; Jordon Hbatttoo JB2 
Mtfef-M31 with 3D am, 1 1 doubles, on* trWe, 
2S RBHb 24 walks, 6S strlheouls and |j stolen 
bases In 24 attempts. He has 1W putouts. two 
assists and Mvsn errors In right field 

Ja pa nese Leagues 




































Ntpoon Han 






Thursday's Result 

Orix TO, Latte 2 

NBA Final 

New York 

n a 




a a 



Houston wtos cfa ouiy to nsb ip *3 
»tew Tor*— OoWsv 45M 10. C Smith 4-73-4 
UK Ewlns 7-173417, Hamer MtMZL Starks 
2-M 4-4 A Mason 3-4 M 4, Anthony 7-5 2-2 1, 
Davis MM J. Totals 31-7B 10-14 84. 

HnastOD— Horry 44 00 L Tharp* 3-7 0-3 6. 
Otatuwon W-SS 5-7 2% Maxwell Ml 7-B 21, K. 
SmBh4-73-211, Herrera 3404 C.Cawa!l4444 
Uk CuretoniMIW A EDe OOMa JenlMMa 
Totals 34-73 1043 Ml 

Wofcrf goals— New York 4-20 (Harpar 2d 

- Trail Blazers, Flyers Name Coaches 

PORTLAND, Oregon (AP) — Seton Hall's coach. PJ. Carle- 
simo, has been hired to coach the Portland Trail Blazers of the 
NBA, getting a five-year contract that will pay him $1.5 million a 

Carlesimo, university's coach since 1982, was flying to Portland 
for the announcement Wednesday afternoon. He replaces Rick 

Adehnan, whp^as fired, on May 12 

■ Terry Murray, who had played as a defenseman for Flyers 
and later coached the NHL Washington Capitals, was na med 
Philadelphia's coach. He was hired by Bob Clarke, the team’s new 
general manager and president. 

Results From Wimbledon 

For the Record 

The Los Angeles Raiders and the Coliseum Commission signed bledoo champion from Sweden, 
^agreement, ending five months of uncertainly about where the the third seed in the men’s draw 
NFL team would play this season. (AP) and No, 3 in the world, said he 

. Dykstra, the Philadelphia Phillies' outfielder, was listed bad no ora to blame but himself 

jrTSK u- fc^PPf ndiritis. (AP) for his second straight early- 

sr.w— pointer, a- (MmwHi 24 . k. smHt, w-coswiM^Horry Jackie HaiTis became the NFL s highest paid tight end, signing round loss in a Grand Slam 

aS rl-i^^ 0 ^? WW ? u 2 clwil , h I arapa ? a - v - , (AP) evc “t- month, he was 
_ 0n . e racmg and h f r - sig ? ed oustc d in the first round of the 

a Sl nuilion d«il with the Williams-Renault team, several English French Open and, two weeks 

(AP) ago, he lost in the quarterfinals 

1 5 th-seeded Yevgeni Kafelni- 
kov, the up-and-coming Rns- said, “I haven’t got a clue. I'm 
sian who is playing in his first going home today. J know that 
Wimbledon, ousted Karsten That’s my next plan." 

Braasch of Germany, 61, 61, And would he pop over to 
6-3- Wimbledon to watch the rest of 

On the women’s side, second- the tournament? 
seeded Arancha Sanchez Vi- “Normally I don’t and I 
cario, the French Open champi- doubt that I will. I really 
sun P? c ’ Coa ‘ on, had little difficulty haven’t got a clue." 

defeating Maria Jos6 Gaidano Steffi Graf, Michael Stich 
vouSr P SL 8 ^r^t^a ^ A^mtina. 6-2, 61. Ate- and Jim Courier know exactly 
&£S&S£^ Ward Shc procIauned: kow he feels. 

Petr Korda, the 11th seed, 
fared little better, blowing a 
two-set lead to Markus Zoecke 
of Germany, 4-6, 67 (7-5), 63, 

62, 64. 

In all, seven of the 16 men's 
seeds have not reached the third 

Among the survivors Thurs- 
day were No. 4 Goran Ivanise- 
vic, a 62, 7-6 (74) winner over 
Alexander Mronz of Germany, 
and Boris Becker, the three- 
time Wimbledon champion and 
seventh seed, who fought off 
three set points in the first set, 
then won, 7-6 (8-6), 62, 64, 
over countryman Arne Thoms 
on coiter court. 

Edberg, the two-time Wim- 

ML FooteO out— Oakley. R eb o u n d* N e w 
York 51 (Oakley 14). Haaslan4t (Otatowan 10). 
Antete— Now York 17 (HaraerS), Houston 22 
(Otahwwn 71. Total to te * Nw York 231 How- 
ton ZL T«3 wku l i Mason, Horry. 


newspapers reported. 

Second Round 

Jam Btorkmon. Sweden, del. Mo rn* i> r 
drusto.Sflulti Africa 4- fr-3; Yev- 
oeny Kafelnikov (15), Russto. det. Karsten 
Bnusch, Germany, 4-1. 6-1. 43; Richard 
Frnmbera AintraDa def. Alex Carrel fa, 
Saaln, 6-2, 74 (44), 7-5: Jason StoHenbera 
AuUraHa dot Darren Cahill. Australia, 42, 1- 
0: AmosMansdort isrootdot Koreiy Twome, 
Ui.74 17-1 J. 6-1 47 (1-7), 6-1; Andrei Medve- 
dev to. Ukralnadef- Slava OaMdel, Czech 
Republic, 34.7-5^6-T, 64; Jakob HlQ-»k,Swif- 
zertanadet WMlyMasur, Australia 41, 44,7- 
6 (7-3): Jenfl Burina Spate, daf. Andrei Oh 
hovskhr. Ruoala 40 41, 6-3; DanM vaaek. 
tech Ropubtlc det. Mark Woadtardo. Aus- 
tralia 4X 7-4 (7-2). 44; Alexander Voitov. 
Russia def. Brett Steven, New Zealand. 44. 4 
434,74 431 

Brytei SMIfcxv UA. dsl. Karim Atonfi, Mo- 
rocco. 43,74 14,47 (74), 42; Jaan-PtiMpp 
Ftewknv Frtnca def. Christian Saceana 
Germany, 43 6-4 .‘David prlnosll, Germa- 
ny, dot. Jacco EntoMVNcnwrtanda 3442,4 
344; Kenneth Carlserv Denmark, det. Stefan 
Edbetp (3), Sweden, 6-7 (641,6-7 (46). 6X6-4, 
44; Jeremy Bates. Britain, del. Joum Rcnzan- 
brtnk, Germany, 4X 74 (7-3), 44; Christian 
Berai l i uu v Sweden, def- Preo Rusedski. Can- 
ada 4444^-7.76 (7-5) ; Javier From. Argen- 
tina deL Brad Gilbert, Ui 4L 44, 41, 62; 
Sirai Bruguera (I). Spate, det Patrick 
Rafter, Australia 74 (74), 3-4, 44. 73 13-11; 
Goran I von Isevle (4), Croatfadef. Alexander 
Mronz, Oermany,6X 74 (74). 61; Guv For- 
goL France, det. Jim Courier «! , ux, 34.43. 

66 6-3 64; Markus Zoecke, Germany, del 
Petr Korda (H). Czech Republlc44,47(67), 
6-3 43 6-4, • Boris Becker (7), Germany, def. 
Arne -mams, Germany, 74 (S4),4X 44. 

Second Round 

Helena Sukova (17), tech Republic, del 
Patricia TorpbM, Argentina, H 42; 
Arantxa Sanchez Vhnrto (2). Soaiiv def. Mo- 
rto Jaw Galdano, Araenttea 42, 41; Ztoa 
Garrison Jackson (|3), UA. del Mercedes 
Paz. Argentina 75, fd; Mona Enda Japan, 
del Jolene WKdanabe, UJL 63 64; Nancy 
Feher. Belgl wn,def. Marianne Wkrdelua^ 
4.44: KrteneBoagerLNeftwtandadef.Aleir- 
la Dechoumr-BaHe rot. France, 6-3. 75; Linda 
Horvtv-WUfL UA, def. Melke Babel. Gcrma- 
ny,4X244-3: Ann Grossman, UJL. dot. Nicole 
ArmtL 1/^44.34,44; DombiHuie Manaml, 
Betel wn,deL Elena BrtouUwvsIs, Ukrafne.4 
1,64, 62; Gabrleta Subatlnl (10>, Araemina 
del Jenny Byrne, Australia 62, 63; Yayuk 
Bandtl, Indonesia def. Maedotono Maleeva 
(It), Bulgaria 67, 74 (7-3), 64. 

Jana Novotna (J), Czech Republic, del WH- 
Irut Probsfc Germany, 6X61; Sltke Frank), 
Germany. def. Sandra Code. UA. 24,61,63; 
Lnure Galarea Italy, det Fane U. China 63 
60; Naoka Sawamatsa Japan, def. Rodto 
Babkeva Ceedi Republic, 61. 63; Gigi Fer- 
nandn, UJL def. Klmberty Pa U-&.6Z M.9- 
7; Pom Shrtwer. Ui_ del Rachel McQuillan, 
Australia 67. 42, 66. Martina Navratllora 
(4), Ui. del Sandra CecchteL Italy, e-X 40; 
Mary Joe Fernandez fill. UJt, del. Brenda 
Schultz. Netherlands. 64, 64. 

CLEVELAND— Acquired J.T. Bruett out- 
fielder, tram Minneeota tor future cansider- 
atlans, and assigned him to Charlotte. IL 
DETROI T n am e d Jerry Dan Gleotanoerv 
•ml assignment scout. 

NafietMf League 

CHICAGO CUBS— Activated Mike Morgan, 
pitcher, from U-dav disabled list. Optioned 
Tore wiendeii, pffetwr. to lowa, aa. 

N.Y.METS— signed Jay Payton outfielder, 
and asslaned him fa Pittsfield, nypl 
PTTTSBURGH— S igned James Anderson 
and Curry Deutschi pltehers. and Letand 


Nottosal Basketball Aswctaflon 


CLEVELAND ST.— Named Alice Khel as- 
sociate athletic director and Julie Jones com- 
pllaticr tpuiiUnDlor. 

FLORIDA— Named Gary Henderson and 
Steve Kttea resistant baseball aecncs. 

MlLLERSViLLE— Named Stacy He (ser- 
mon assistant field hockey coocn. 

ST.JOHN'S— Named Kelley Watts wo men’s 
asstetant basketball coach. 

SALISBURY ST.— Named John Brown (no 
men's and women’s tennis conch. 

SLIPPERY ROCK— Named Laura WlKtaes 
women's basketball coach. 

SUSOUEHANNAr— Named Peoov Botab as- 
sistant field hockey coach; Carol Lagan Miller 
women's aesfaksit soccer coach; and Nikki 
Miner womens assistant volleyball noth 

TUSCULUM— Named Toby Brooks softball 

ATLANTA— Traded Roy Hinson, forward, conch; Mike Goforth athletic Irateer; ond 

ytfltaH • 
Onmlchi 1 . 

' L 













Thwsdayte Resalts 
Yam tart 4. Hlradilma 4 
OwntcfM 6 .Ybkohama V 
YoiWT4, Htaphte A 

to Milwaukee tor Ken Norman, forword. 


MntthMri Football League 
ATLANTA — Aoreed to terms with Oav 
Matthews, linebacker, on 1-year contract. 

DENVER— Signed Bab Meeks, guard, to X 
year contract 

GREEN BAY— Will not match offer sheet 
■node bv Tcnva Bay lor Jackie Harris, fight 
end. . 

KANSAS CITY— Stoned Bernardo Harris, 
linebacker. Released Bret Kwnrta. guard, 
ond Nick Motatata, defensive tackle. 

N_Y. JETS— Agreed to terms wim Nick 
Lowery, DtoceUcker. on Xvear contract 
PHILADELPHIA — Signed Rob Settiv, of- 
fonstve lineman. 

SEATTLE— Agreed to terms with Duane 
BfcfcMt rewbadur. 


National Hockey Learn 
BOSTON— Stoned Alexei Kasatonov, Oe- 

Chris Fritz women's tennis coach. 

VALPARAISO— Namea DanM Cart metre 
and women's swimming and diving coach. 

VIRGINIA— Named Pete Herrmann men's 
assistant basketball coach. 

WAGNER— Named Dina Monglero assis- 
tant football coach, 

WEST VIRGINIA— Named Mike Brown 
men's us sl s ta n l basketball coach, effective 
jmy l. 

WILKES — Associate athletic director and 
field hockey coach Addv MoJntesta has re- 
signed as softball coach. 

more assistant basketball coach restored. 


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The Day Soccer Got a 

own in the Foreign 

By Ian Thomsen 

I/uenuirioKoI Herald Tnbane 

PASADENA, California — The ball in 
the Colombian goal was like a seed, never 
mind how it got there. The confidence of 
the Americas players grew from that seed, 
and their confidence was like new ivy 
growing out across the soft green floor of 
America’s grandest football stadium. 

It shot up through the aisles to the 
frames of the scoreboards, which on 
Wednesday had this to say: USA 2, Co- 
lombia 1. If not for that, you would not 
have believed the rest of it — hundreds of 
American flags whipping and no wind in 
the air, the singing of “U-S-A, U-S-A,” 
which attained the pitch of a heavy loco- 
motive circling the Rose Bowl time after 
time. Shut your eyes for a moment and you 
began to doubt you were here; open them 
ana you realized that no one has ever 
experienced anything like this at a soccer 
game in America. 

USA 2, Colombia 1. 

The Americans hadn't won a World Cup 
finals match since their 1-0 victory over 
England in the Brazilian minin g town of 
Belo Horizonte on June 29, 1950. The 
En glish blamed a rutty pitch, the Colombi- 
ans can blame their own terrorists, who 
reportedly threatened by fax to blow up 
the famines of midfielder Gabriel Gomez 
and the team’s coach, Francisco Matur- 
ana, if G6mez played Wednesday. While 
the scorer in 1950 was the Haitian-born 
Joe Gaetjens, who headed in a cross bob- 
bled by the En glan d goalkeeper, the U.S. 
scorers 44 years later were a striker born in 

the Netherlands plus an unnaturalized and 
deeply aggravated Colombian. 

The Americans are almost certain of ad- 
vancing from the first round for the fust 
time since the inaugural 1930 World Cup. 
They share the lead in Group A with the 
Swiss, each with four points. The Colombi- 
ans were favored by rele to win the title — 
they beat Argentina by 5-0 in Buenos Aires, 
never foigei — but with zero points from 
two matches they are Ukely to return home 
next week. Their small hope for a “wild 
card” berth is to beat Switzerland by a wide 
mar gin on Sunday while relying on the 
United States to beat Romania, and then 
hope the tiebreakers work in their favor. 

"It’s the single most important game in 
the history of soccer in this countryr said 
Alan Ro then berg, the Los Angeles attor- 
ney who oversees this World Cup as well as 
die U.S. Soccer Federation. “1950 was a 
fluke — that game went by in a flash. This 
one is going to have permanent impact." 

If soccer does catch on in the United 
States, it began doing so hare Wednesday. 
After a passive 1-1 draw with Switzerland 
last weekend, the Americans seemed des- 
tined to become the first host nation in 15 
World Cups to fall out in the first round. 

The Colombians, upset by Romania in 
their opener, were attacking on their right 
side via right-side midfielder Fredy Rifl- 
ed n. who simply could not be stopped 
short of the U.S. goalkeeper, Tony Meola 
of Kearney, New Jersey. The U.S. team 
was pushing the other way via its left-side 
midfielder, John Harkes of Kearney. New 

Jersey, who rarely dropped back to dispel 
Rincdn. With Meola’s help, Harkes was 
determined to beat Rincon to the punch. 

Kearney is a northern immigrant town, 
its youth heavily influenced by Pele'sNew 
York Cosmos of the mid-1970s. The Italian 
Meola mousses his hair and lies it in a nub 
at the back. The New York Yankees drafted 
him seven vears ago, and even now. in goal 
hulking and slightly hunched, he looks as if 
he ought to be spitting tobacco. 

At Meola’s urging, rus teammates look a 
big leap of faith, pushing forward when 
they clearly felt in their hearts that they 
should be lying back. 

A surprise starter in the defense was 
Fernando Clavijo. a reformed indoor play- 
er who in spile of his age. 37. is one of the 
faster Americans. He seemed to be part of 
a prevent-defense strategy against the nif- 
ty, lightning-fast Colombians. And, for a 
long while Meola's defenders expressed 
their doubts — whether it was U.S. defend- 
er Marcelo Balboa casually passing back a 
near-opportunity for Rincon, or Aieri La- 
las of the United States waiting to set up a 
play before rocketing a useless ball over 
everybody, or Paul Caliguiri occasionally 
waiting too long to get the ball away to 

They would get over their nerves eventu- 

In the meantime. Rincon was showing 
off and causing great American distress. A 
vicious shot from Herman Gaviria 
bounced off Meola. and the inrushing 
American midfielder Mike Sorber chested 
the ball off of his own post. .Antony de 

_ tn, IJfjpcr.’TU; Aw. voted Pit** 

Atari Lalas, U.S. defender, waving the flag in jubilation after the Americans scored a stunning 2-1 upset of Colombia. 



At erne* GMT 

Three patois mrartfod tors victory 


SnttRHtend 1 0 t S 2 4 

Urn fed 9tBM I 0 I 3 2 4 

Romania 1 1 0 4 5 3 

Colombia 0 2 0 2 5 0 

Saturday, Jibw 18 
At P online. Mich. 

Switzerland 1, United Stans 1. M 
A! Posad on a, Calif. 

Romorua 3. Coiomtua 1 

Wednesday June 22 
Ai Pontiac Mien 
Switzerland 4. Romania i 

Aj Pasadena. CflNl. 

United states 2. Colombia i 

Sunday June 28 
« Pasadena. Cam. 

Romania at Untied States, 2005 OUT 
Ai Stanford, Calif. 

Switzerland vs. Colombia. 2005 GMT 

Brazil 1 0 0 2 0 3 

Cameroon 0 0 1 2 2 1 

Sweden 0 0 1 2 2 1 

Russia 0 1 0 0 2 0 

Sunday. June 18 
ai Pasadena. Cam. 

C am eroon 2. Sweden 2. He 

Monday June 20 
At Stanford, Cam. 

Brazil 2. Russia 0 

Friday June 24 
At Stanford, Cam. 

Brazil vs Cameroon. 2005 GMT 
At Pontiac. Uch 
Sweden irs. Russa. 2335 GMT 

Tuesday June 28 
At sunford, Cam 
Hussa vs. Cameroon, 2005 GMT 
ai Pomiac. Midh 
Brazil vs. Sweden, 2005 GMT 



South Korea 

W L T 
1 0 1 
0 0 2 
0 0 1 
0 t 0 

OF OA Pts 

2 1 4 

3 3 2 

2 2 1 





OF QA Pts 

1 0 3 

1 0 3 

0 1 0 

0 1 0 

Friday, June 17 
At Chicago 
Germany l. BWvta 0 

At Dallas 
Scan 2, South Korea 2, tie 

Tuesday June 21 
At Chicago 

Germany 1. Spain 1, Be 

Thursday June 23 
At Foxboro. Moss. 
South Korea vs. Bolivia, 2335 GMT 
Monday June 27 
Ai Chicago 
Boutna vs. spam, 2005 GMT 
At Dalles 

Germany vs. South Korea, 2005 GMT 






W L T GF QA Pts 

10 0 

0 I 0 
0 10 
Tuesday, June 21 
At Foxboro, MOSS. 
Argentina 4. Greece 0 

At Dallas 

nogeneS. Bulgaria 0 

Saturday June 25 

Av Foxboro. Mass. 

Argentina vs. Nigeria. 2005 OKT 
Sunday June 20 
At Chicago 

Burganova. Greece. 1035 GMT 
Thursday June 30 
Ai Foxboro, Moss. 
Greece vs. Nigeria. 2335 GMT 
At Dallas 

Argentina vs Bulgaria. 2335 GMT 

GP GA Pts 
2 1 3 

1 0 3 

t 2 0 

0 1 0 

The Official Sprint World Cup 
Information Line 


+ 1 + 177 + 230 + 434 8 * 

for daily updates on scores , players and 
game recaps 


WortdCupi&AW §p 

Calls wilt be billed standard IDD rales 
* In Italy, dial 4-1+21 1-230-4348 

W L T 
1 0 0 
1 0 0 
0 1 0 
0 1 0 
Saturday, June 18 

At East Rutherford. N.J 
Ireland 1. Italy 0 

Sunday June 19 
Ai Washington 
Norway i, Mexico 0 

Thursday June 23 
At East Rutherford. NJ. 

Holy vs Norway. 2006 GMT 

Friday June 24 
Ai Orlando. Rs 
Mexico va. Ireland. 1635 GMT 
Tunday June 28 
At East Rutherford. NJ. 

Ireland vs Norway, 1636 GMT 
At Washington 
Italy vs Mexico. 1635 GMT 
W L T 
Netherl a n ds i o 0 

Belgium i 0 O 

Saud Arabia 0 10 

Morocco 0 i 0 

Sunday, June 19 
At Orlando. Fla. 

Baighun 1, Morocco 0 

Monday June 20 
At Washington 
Netherlands 2, Baud! Arabta 1 
Saturday June 25 
At Orlando. Flo. 

Belgium vs Netherlands 1636 GMT 
Ai East Rutherford. KJ. 

Saudi Arabia vs Morocco. 1635 GMT 
Wednesday June 28 
At Onanoo, na. 

Morocco vs Netherlands, 1GS5 GMT 
At Washington 

BetQlum vs Saudi Arabia. 1636 GMT 


Saturday Jufjr 2 
Gams 37 

AI CMcogo 

Group c winter vs GfOud A, B or Fnrd place, 
1705 GMT 

Gome 38 

At Washington 

Group A second place vs Group C second 
pleat, 2035 GMT 

Sunday July 3 
Gams 38 
At Oates 

Group F second place va. Group B second 
place. 1705 (BIT 

Ai Pasadena CoM 

Group A winner vs Group C. D or£ third place. 
2035 GMT 

Monday July 4 
(feme 41 

At Orlando. Fla 

Group F winner n Group E second puce. 1605 

A! Btanktrd, CaNL 

Group Swmerva Group A, C or Dptlra place. 
1835 GMT 

TuMday Ju*y 5 
Game 43 

At Foxboro. Mass. 

Group D winner vs Group B. E or F inn place, 
1705 GMT 

Qua 44 

At East Rutherford. NJ. 

Group E winner va. Group D second place. 2035 

Saturday July 9 

(feme 45 
Ai Foxboro. Maas 

Game 43 winner vs Gomo 36 winner. 1 605 GMT 
Game 46 
Ai Dallas 

Game 41 winner vs Game 42 winner, 1935 GMT 
Sunday July 10 

Game 47 

At East Rutherford. NJ. 

Gann 44 wfemervs. Game 37 winner. 1 005 GMT 
Gome 48 
At Stan loid. Cam. 

Game 39 n+rw vs Game 40 winner. 1935 GMT 


Wednesday July 13 

At EMI Rutherford. NJ. 

Game 47 winner vs Game 45 winner. 2006 GMT 
At Pasadena, Calif. 

Gome 46 win nor vs. Gams 46 wrnnar. 2335 GMT 

Bofeirday July 16 

At Pasadena. Calif. 

Semifinal losers 1035 GMT 


Sunday July 17 
At Pasadena. Calif. 

Semifinal winners, 1935 GMT 

Match Results 

Switzerland C Romania 1 
Scorers: Switzerland — Alain Sutler (U1h>. 
stephane Chaaulsat (52d). Adrian Knup 
(fetti). Georges Bregv (73d); Romania — 
Gheerghe Hogi Utomi. 

Referee: Nell JoulTO (Tunisia). 

Yellow cords. Rorrweilo— Gheorglto Mihail 
(33d), foun L upc 4d) UTsf), Mlodrao Behtde- 
dkl 1 48th). 

Rad card: Romania — lan VkMMu (74ih) 
Untied States X Colombia 1 
Scorers: United States — Andrfts Escobar 
(14tti.ownooofi.Emto Stewart <52d>; Colom- 
bia — Adolfo Valencia (TOti). 

Referee: Fowo Balden (Italy) 

Yellow cords: United States— Alexl Lolas 
<4Wh); Colombia — Antony de Avila (24th). 

Goal Scorers 

After matches slaved We dnes d ay 
3 — Gabriel Ballstuta. Argentina. 

2 — Florin Raduckriu. Romania; Jdraen 
Klinsmann. Germany; Jon Andanl GoF 
koetxea. Spam; Ghearghe HaaL Romania; 
Georges Bregv. Switzerland: Adolfo Valen- 
cia Colombia. 

1— Julio Salinas. Spain; Hong MvungBo and 
S*o Jung Won, South Korea; Rav Houghton, 
Ireland: Marc Degree, Belgium: Klein Refc- 
dal. Norway: Roger Uunaond Mart In Oahlln. 
Sweden; David Embe and Francois Ontom 
Blvlcfc. Cameroon; Romarloand RaL Brazil ; 
Fuad Amin, Saudi Arabia; Wlm Jonk ml 
Gallon T raiment, Netherlands: Diego Mara- 
dona. Argentina; Radioed YefclnL Daniel 
ArngkacMand EmmanuM Amunffee.NIpariD; 
Alain Suffer, stephane Chepulsaf and Adrien 
Knup, Switz e rland; Eric WvnaMa and Ernie 
Stewart, us. 

Own Goals— Andres Escobar. Colombia (tor 
US.I. — — — 

Avila then nailed Sorber in the thigh with 
another shot before Clavijo cleared. 

While the Colombians were more in- 
timidating, the Americans broke back in 
Harkes’s image. Mflutinovic has tried to 
put in a system of ball control, but that was 
forsaken in the helter-skelter of the. first 
half. Before the Colombians knew it. 
Harkes was sending ball after ball forward 
to Eric WynaWa and Ernie Stewart, the 
aforementioned Dutchman of a U.S. Air 
Force father. 

Back and forth they went, every Colom- 
bian drive forward a real threat, every 
American response a surprise. The sur- 
prises included two good ones in the 28th 
minute, the first a running comer header 
by Balboa over the bar, then Wynalda’s 
shot through a defender’s legs and against 
the far post. 

Then the goal: In the 35th minute there 
was a low cross from Harkes attempting to 
lead Stewart into the box. In fact. Stewart 
was blotted out by Colombia's premier 
defender, Andrfcs Escobar. But Harkes 

E lays in the dogged English league and so 
e tried va' 


enough. Sliding, Escobar was ; 
leg on the ball. But it had more force than 
he imagined and deflected off his shin and 
behind his beleaguered goalkeeper, Oscar 
COrdoba, into the net, while he sat holding 
his knees. He had given the United States 
its first lead in 44 years. 

Over the next few minutes you began to 
realize that it had been quite some time 
since the Colombians had bothered Meola. 

Maturana would admu that hi$^teain * tow maja 
had been burdened as favorite; trailing by 
1-0 at halftime, it seemed as though^ tfc rnirinte^ 
death, threat and the own-goal had .takra^Ijhfe / ban tiagafri 

their Colombians* last breath of iyfe.~ > ; inrunagxnable-l . . 
Two boors before the game; iaxfcrding: : tote 7 ems;-ag^l ^ 


lineup. The highly respected Matmana 
considered resigning rather- tjhah-oompty, I 
he admitted: dying, he was camfotted by v t 



mainly to push it ahead of the 
n. The pass wasn’t quite good 
able to get a 

ing Gamez witb Gaviria per the terrorists' ^ 
wishes. Gaviria plays for Atltfcco. "i, 
donal of MeddHn, the city of the lafe drog & 
lord Pablo Escobar Gaviria^' ’ /: *. 

“I am devastated, ibis is aieitiblii thing' 
to happen to me,” the 3+year-old G6mez .. .. . * — 

said 45 ntfnnfcB before kickoff. “Mycarcer 
as a footballer is effectively over. .1 cannot ~ : itiared: 
play under this pressure.^ * : * “ ' ” in " J *”* 

Earlier this week, defender Luis Herrera 
learned that his brother had been^ Tailed in • 
a car crash in Bogota. Herrera decided to : 

“This is a terrible day and we have let 
the country down,** Maturana said. “De- 
spite all the problems, I never imagined we 
could play as badly as this. I do not know 
* om here — home probaWy.” 


create, the hkeaiv 
played here 
Akmgside a: star %- 
better Sud for 

and Adolfo Valencia for forwards Faus-^ yqa, *' ’ 

tino AspriHa and de Avila, but that solved . : grow up o«r, 

where we go from here — home 
At halffime he inserted Ivin 


Imenumanal Herald Tribune 

P ASADENA, California — He is a foot- 
balling gypsey who some see as a ge- 
nius , others as a tatisman of a coach with 
the knack for dropping in at the right 
places at opportune times. 

It must be more than luck. For Bora 
Milutinovic has now charmed Mexico, 
Costa Rica and the United States beyond 
their station at successive World Cups. 

The fellow blends teams from disparate 
parts. He — 
wiles away Rob 
doubts with Hughes ( 

cunning «T>d — — — 

laughter, and what his latest adopted 
country would call positive mental atti- 

He has coaxed Team America to World 
Cup credibility, helped 22 players to pool 
bonuses of $575,000 for reaching Round 2. 
When the moment of acclamation came, 
when Milutinovic wrestled clear of eu- 
phoric players in the splendid Pasadena 
Rose Bowl, he had to wipe his spectacles. 

That wasn’t because or Hollywood's in- 
famous smog. Nor was it the hot air bel- 
lowed out by the 93,194 spectators, many 
of whom turned tail-gate parties into 
night-long jamborees. As Mexicans and 
Costa Ricans can testify, moisture affects 
Mil u tino vic's view on four-year success 

His emotional commitment is extreme, 
the spirit contagious. He can be thin- 
skinned and volatile, but it matters not 
that some players snigger behind his back, 
muttering mutinous oaths concerning his 
methods and his madness. 

The point is, in three languages, three 
dialects anyway, they carried out his plan. 
They may not, of course, have understood 
it. He may not always know how it will 
come out 

It is difficult when the coach mixes in- 
stinct with theory; difficult and sometimes 
hilarious when he delivers in combinations 
of five languages. But then, soccer is a 
lingua franca. President Bill Clinton pro- 
nounced as much a week ago, approxi- 
mately three decades since it became the 
moving spirit of the Milutinovic siblings. 

Bora and two brothers all played for the 
Partizan Belgrade side of the 1960s. Bora, 
the youngest, did the running for the other 
two, though later in his nomadic career he 
flew the family nest to play for FC Winter- 


hur in Switzerland, for Monaco, then Nice: ~ "Not amlcnt .with denying' 
mid Rouen in France, and finally UNAM priHa S'Cd': the rgom^ 
Pumas in Mexico. 

His game gathered guile' so that he could tempt hf goaL His 
plot and pass and pomt for others to rttn,V ' volley overplus btad^Was-^ 
His salary progressed from “the.equmleht : v ' 

to two lousy cents” in Belmde to a 
healthy remuneration on which to many 
and father a daughter. 

Later, this energetic, eager, opportunis- - 
tic little nomad began plying his trade by 
telling — usually with demonstrative body 
language — players what to do. His rest- 
less spirit moved him from dubs to nation-; 
al teams, from Mexico via Italy, Argentina 
and Costa Rica to Mission Viqb. 

This $33 million Californian retreat is 
the training base where, morning and 
night, he can use floodlit pitches to turn 
college boys into men who can hold their 
own with World Cup stars, ; : 

Not all came ' 

such svtaet riodrdimdi^if „ 
fence, that the 
aught tapext 

imfllioriaAfptingstcrs^^ j^n^knoefcx^^^ t 
on soccers dbori^v ' $ vhi -ir ' 

: through the college system. 
Not all are full-blooded Americans. Like 


•- ...K 


mtat'wittoatfiaL j 

other managers, Milutinovic is adept at. 
playing the family-tree game and at find- 
ing residential loopholes to claim talented _ 

individuals, in America’s case often His- ^rwa 'Sunslf^haip-. attack' 'fcrfW 

stc^ydefen*e,lflpe"C^arfl3^^ FT 

But atiadc a^fhebj^fb^rif^ 

Straight f oiward,theway he cocdis^; * 
hair. In both cases it.b^w.^sgmse. vpi'v:^ 
isn’t there. It binds the team spmt li ' - 

panics whose roark is ia the genes. 

In Wednesday*& victory, Tab Ramos 
was more inspirational than any Colombi- 
an. We all have our theories as to why the 
Colombians were so lethargic, why their 
explosive and exciting skills were dormant 
One is that Gabriel G6mez feared to even 
to appear on the bench after afaxed warn- 
ing that his family would be blown up in 
their home if he played and Colombia 
won. G6mez was the lone absentee, but 
others seemed to have switched off in men- 
tal sympathy with him. 

Team officials refused to confirm or 
deny that, or other rumors of strife on the 
squad. But while the Colombians, with 
infinitely greater individual flair, could 
never get it together, Ramos, born and 
raised in Uruguay, was the spearhead of 
the U3. counterattacks. 

He had help. Solid, committed running 
from Tom Dooley, the German son of an 
American serviceman; from Ernie Stewart, 
the sprinter born in the Netherlands. 

But the core of Milu tino vic’s racial and 
cultural mix also harnesses home-born and 
bluebarzy^pie-eating Yanks. You’d guess 
that from thrir names; the agile goalie, 
Tony Meola; the guitar strumming Atari 
Lalas, the rock solid Marcelo Balboa. 

Colombia would be t^ sltef and ioo;'-, 
knowfedgabfe fdrthm+^wMJ&e tfcepd' • 
of the road. :«i • 

Sooner or later, Mflutinovic, wflJ move 
on. He is just passing' ihrough, ^theririg ; f. 
riches and tributes, but stopping a whfieto ': : 
fed his roots. • : ■ 'c:. i.r • : 

Recently in Amsterdam, he toured the » 
museums. Coming dom the sttp^of the / 
Anne Frank House, a companion noticed, y ; 
that Mflutinovic had been caching. 
not? Emotion is paxt of the man, and the -,'t 

since he lost his own parents that way &A *. 
what was Yugoslavia. .' •; — *. •. ■:* 

■ Soccer isn’t any kindof a war. But it is^-^ ’ 
passion, a winner- take- all. c/ypiide a®; /. 
emotion. And Boro ; MlutindW;inow5’.'^ 
better than most tiiatyoudon’thjw^ toito ;- *, 
everything about the. guys yqu : 

passion with. Yoo just need td knowwl^::";' 
you are there and whttyouraim infifeii^ ' - 

Go, US. Go! 

. X* ***" em ^ j 



nin j 

sui for 

narii i 
The i 

said ice 
Paid fu 

^ Q[ 

^ sev. 
J >ere SUD 


anenra . 
tt , Can ’e:> 
yd Cl 
ton io 7 

, -JCu 

did j 


t** Bert 

U.S. fans, dressed In patriotic garb, could hardly believe their eyes as tbeir team defeated Colombta^ 

The Luck of the Irish Fans: 'Only in America 9 ^ 

The Associated Press 

BOSTON — - The luck of the Irish has 
cut both ways for the group of fans strand- 
ed by an English tour operator, then res- 
cued by American benefactors. 

“At the beginning, it was terrible,” said 
Alan Ashe, 30, a Dublin appliance repair- 
man. “It was cruel. We talked about com- 
ing home. 

“But everybody in Boston has been bril- 
liant to us. They’ve made the whole trip for 

“One thing you have to say and that’s 
Thank you to everybody.’ ” 

A group of 79 fans who had paid $2,175 
apiece were stranded in Saugus, near Bos- 
ton, said Gerry McGrath, 43. a spokesman 
for the group. They were apparently bilked 
by an English tour operator that failed to 
provide them with transportation and tick- 
ets for World Cup games in New Jersey 
and Florida, including last Saturday’s big 
game against Italy. 

owner of Sports King, a 

Stoneham. Massachusetts, travel agency 
that specializes in booking sports trips, 
said he had arranged discount air fares io 
Ireland's game with Mexico on Friday in 
Orlando, Florida, and had collected 
enough donations to pay for tickets to the 

Thomas Flatley, an Irish-American real 
estate developer and hotel chain owner, 
said he would spend about $14,000 to pay 
the air fares Pranka arranged to Orlando. 

Flatley also said he would try to arr ange 
bus transportation for the game Tuesday 
in New Jersey, in which Ireland will take 
oc Norway. 

East Coast Ticket Brokers Association, 
of Burlington, New Jersey, said it would 
donate tickets to that ganw 

“Everything's been done and you’re to- 
tally sorted out,” Conor O’Riordan, the 

world, where people would get sttafl&jd f ' '%e 
and get helped to -the extent ihatjgw ife \ 
been helped," said. Ray Fbody, -^/^ - 7 Jo 
Iris hman who lives in Itondoji^Trp/jDtt^.:^' . 0tt -par 
this is the American praam. W - : . ^'i |> ^ V 

David Andrews,. fre&rid's j&aise ;and J wj 

m a ri n e minister, who was^ returning ro lre- "J every 
land via Boston from a trade nnsston, said* . ■ -^3 wp|j 

M I’d like to record my appreaation fdr tiK' : 
manrek»xs.deiccik^(^ih&Jos^comiBaafty .Wr'e { 0 i ri 
here in Boston. They’ve been fantastie.*r’. a l na . 

Sponex travd agency in, , , d o ^ 

tour operator that left the fans lirtlfelffidt %, Drld 
said earlier this week that it was trying^ s 0 £ , 
put together a- rescue padcage But^-racte ^ ». r 

a ;ti h« 

was no new word -from 
Wednesday, McGrath said. 

Members of the- group also free *.'£^ 

lin ri^a »n 


oac fc 




Page 23 

IP All Due Respect: Swiss Pound Romania 

By Christopher Clarey 

N'« York Timet Sernce 

PONTIAC, Michigan — “Respect Swit- 
zerland,” read the banner, engulfed in the 
familiar red-and-white flags. 

After the performance against Romania, 
such public pleas seem unnecessary. Coach 
Roy Hodgson's well-balanced team, one of 
the surprises of World Cup qualifying, can 
no longer be taken lightly by anyone. 

The 4-1 victory Wednesday over 
Gheorghe Hagi and the Ro manian* was 
Switzerland's first triumph in the World 
Cup finals in 40 years, and it was enough 
to put the team atop Group A, tied with 
the even more surprising United States. 
Each has four points and one group match 

The Swiss broke open the game in the 
second half with three goals, two from 
striker Adrian Knup, who missed the 
opening match against the United States 
with an ankle injury. 

Bat Knup was only one of several play- 
ers based in Germany who received lcss- 
than-neutral treatment from the cowbell- 
clanging, flag-waving Swiss fans who filled 
the upper reaches of tins indoor arena. 

Switzerland’s long-haired midfielder, 
Alain Sutter, was excellent a g ?m, scoring 
on a 60-foot (18-meter) blast in the first 
half. Striker Stephaue Chapuisat, con- 
tained by the Americans, also broke loose, 
setting up Sutter’s goal and scoring anoth- 
er himself. 

In response, all the Ro manians could 
offer was the individual brilliance of Hagi, 

the diminutive playmaker known as the 
Maradona of the Carpathians, who figured 
in all three Romanian goals in its 3-1 
thrashing of Colombia on Sundav. 

Hagi scored again Wednesday but. as 
any European knows, there is a big differ- 
ence between the Carpathians and die 

Knup’s return certainly strengthened 
the Swiss attack. With him up front, op- 
posing defenders could not focus their at- 
tention on Chapuisat, one of the leading 
scorers in the strong Bundesliga. It was 
Chapuisat who broke the 1-1 tie seven 
minutes into the second half, coming out 
of a scramble with the ball after a comer 
kick and putting it past Bogdan Stclea, the 
soon-to-be-beleaguered Romanian goal- 

Fifteen minutes later, midfielder Ciiiaco 
Sforza took advantage of some more lack- 
luster Romanian marking to break free 
down the right side and set up Knup’s fust 
goal. He would score again in the 73d 
minute on a header off a long free kick 
from 36-year-old Georges Bregy. 

Despite the roars from the Swiss sup- 
porters, Hagi and the Romanians domi- 
nated play in the opening minntes: back- 
heeling, flicking and controlling the ball 
with apparent ease. 

The Swiss looked disoriented as Hagi 
curled in three left-footed comer kicks to 
set up decent chances. But then Sutter, 
Switzerland’s rising star in midfield, triad? 
his presence felt 

With 13 minutes gone, he fought his way 
through a tackle just outside the Roma- 
nian box and passed to Alain Geiger, who 
quickly pushed the ball back to Sutter. 
One-on-one against the goalkeeper, Sutter 
put the ball in the lower right comer and 
began celebrating, but the linesman’s flag 
had gone up: Sutter was offside. 

Angrily, he trotted bade up field, mut- 
tering to himself with his long blond hair 
flapping against the back of his red jersey. 

Two minutes later, his teammate, Chris- 
tophe Ohrd, broke free down the right side 
and crossed into Chapuisat who tapped 
the ball back out of the box. The streaking 
Sutter met it at full stride from 60 feet out 
and blasted it into precisely the same cor- 
ner of the goal This time it counted. 

But the Romanians bounced back 
quickly and began playing more aggres- 
sively on defense. The equalizer would not 
come until the 36th minute and, predict- 
ably, it was Hagi who provided it, some- 
how dribbling up unmarked and surprising 
die Swiss defenders by shooting and scor- 
ing from 30 yards oul 

The goal was Romania's fourth of the 
tournament, and the remarkably gifted 
Hagi has been a factor in all four: scoring 
twice and assisting on the other two. 

His goal against the Colombians came 
from even longer range, but that timw he 
was helped by goalkeeper Oscar Gdrdoba’s 
poor positioning. This time, the Swiss goal- 
keeper, Marco Pascolo, stayed on his line. 


Cmpikdfy Our Staff From Dispatches 

LONDON — An unidenti- 
fied Melbourne-based business- 
man bet and lost a total of 
£67,500 (S 103,800) when Ro- 
mania and Colombia lost their 
matches Wednesday. 

The Australian staked 
£40,000 on Romania to beat 
Switzerland at odds of 6-5 and 
laid out £27,500 on Colombia 
to beat the United States at 
odds of 6-4 on, the bookmakers 
William Hills said. 

W illiam Hills spokesman 
Graham Sharpe said: 

“We took some £500.000 for 
Colombia to beat the US and 
not much less for Ro mania to 
beat Switzerland in probably 
the biggest-ever betting plunge 
on football, said a spokesman 
for the bookmaker. 

Ladbrokes’ odds for Thurs- 
day listed Brazil as a 9-4 favor- 
ite, with Germany at 3-1, Italy 
at 7-1 and Argentina at 8-1. 

Then came the Netherlands 
at 9-1; Spain, Ireland, Norway 
and Nigeria at 16-1; Romania 

and Belgium at 28-1; the Unit- 
ed States and Switzerland at 40- 
1; Sweden at 50-1; Russia at 80- 
1 ; Cameroon at 1 00- 1 ; 
Colombia,, down from 10-1 to 
150-1 with Bulgaria, Mexico 
and Bolivia, and South Korea 
and Morocco at 250-1. 

Greece and Saudi Arabia 
were rated least likely to win. at 

• About 22,000 workers at 
the Hyundai Heavy Industries 
shipyard, who are also in a dis- 
pute over pay. voted to strike 
for three hours Friday. Thai 
happens to coincide with the 
telecast of South Korea's cru- 
cial match against Bolivia. 

• By Tuesday’s Argentina: 
Greece game, Alan Rothen- 
berg, the chairman and chief 
executive officer of World Cup 
USA 1994, had visited six dries, 
to be at opening ceremonies at 
those stadiums. Saturday, he 
doubled up, attending the U.S.- 
Switzerland game in Pontiac, 
Michigan, then jetting'to East 
Rutherford, New Jersey, for It- 

“My wife said she was going 
to sell our bed,” Roth en berg 
said. “When 1 come home, 
there's going to be an airline 
rediner seat.” 

• Some Greeks took advan- 
tage of the world-wide televi- 
sion audience of their team's 
match with Ar gentina to get out 
political messages. 

Planes repeatedly flew over 
the stadium, carrying trailers 
with messages sudi as “Mac- 
edonia Is Greek” and “Free Cy- 

At RFK Stadium in Wash- 
ington, the political message 
was more parochial. A banner 
unfurled during Sunday’s Nor- 
way-Mexico match read: 
“Baseball in D.C.” 

• Referee Fabio Baidas h«H 
to make a swift shirt switch ear- 
ly in the Colombia-U.S. match. 

Baidas, from Italy, changed 
into a purple shirt at the 14th 
minute, apparently because his 
silver-grayish shirt was too 
dose in color to the denim blue 
and white worn by the U.S. 
players. With the United States 

on the attack early on, midfield- 
er John Harkes made a pass 
almost directly to the referee. 
There were no U.S. players in 
the vicinity. 

• Argentina midfielder Die- 
go Simeone said he had signed a 
five-year contract with Atldtico 
Madrid. He has played for Sevi- 
lla for the last two seasons. 

• As Ireland's team battles 
against dehydration in the sti- 
fling heat erf 1 Florida, its fans in 
Britain also fear a loss of liq- 

Stout sales surged on Satur- 
day as drinkers celebrated the 
triumph over Italy, and some 
pub landlords have ordered 
emergency supplies of “the 
Made stuff’ after running dry at 
the start of the wedc. 

“We’ve had reports of some 
pubs seDuig their week’s supply 
m one night, particularly in ar- 
eas with lag Irish communities 
like north London, Liverpool, 
Manchester and the West Mid- 
lands,” said a Guinness spokes- 

(Reuters, AP. NYT, AFP) 

_ , , __ __'l tm-tt 

„ V r'jLr.,' «■£ * — * 
* *' “ ' 

OlAi<f Mulitacp/Agmrr Francc-Prew 

Midfielder Alain Sutter, wfth teammate Alan Geiger looking on, whooped it up after a first-half goal against Romania. 

Gan leroon Promises Pay to Avert Strike 

Akr-'.'-'-'f 3 ?;-' 
Be:-’ • 

- - • i ,, '• 

J Ml ) 

Compiled by Our Su$ From Dupadia 

STANFORD, California — Hoping to 
avert a strike by its World Cup team, 
Cameroon’s soccer federation, with an as- 
sist from the government, is promising 
nearly 31 million to the players. 

The tong-standing dispute between the 
players and the Cameron federation 
came, to a head Wednesday, when Joseph- 
Antoine Bell, the goalkeeper and captain, 
said the team was considering a boycott of 
the gamc against Brazil on Friday. 

Tne players reportedly have not been 
paitT for. two months and some are upset 
about broken financial promises that go 
back several years, BeD said. The players 
were supposed to be receiving a 510,000 
bonus for playing to the Wood Cup with 
an extra S5, 003 per victory.. 

Cameroon was the darling of the 1990 
Wodd Cup,beeouring the first African na- 
tion {b* reach the quarterfinals. In this. 
Wa^ttCup, Cameroon drew 2-2 with Swe- 
den fc'Jis first game. 

Be& said that the problems predate the 
I990.^orid Cup in fraly^ a tournament he 
did pqtplay in, and that money from the 
1990<iip lad still not been paid. 

Henri Michel, the coach of the Indomi- 
table Lions, said the dispute was seriously 
disrupting Cameroon’s preparations for 
the match against Brazil. The team arrived 
45 minutes late for a news conference and 
training session at Sl Mary's College in 
Moraga, near San Francisco. 

“This is a serious problem,” Michel a 
Fre nchman , said. The/ no longer have any 
confidence. They want to see the money, to 
get it in their hands,' or get guarantees that 
they wiH receive it.” 

The dispute is one of several problems 
that have, dogged the Indomitable Lions' 
Wodd Cup preparations. Others have in- 
cluded haviog their main stadium closed 
by FIFA for safety reasons and adminis- 
trative squabbling. 

According to the Cameroon soccer fed- 
eration, the government tried this week to 
placate the players with a suitcase contain- 
ing morethan 5500,000. They rejected the 
oner as inadequate, and the government 
— through the federation president, Maha 
Deher — now says more money is coming, 
probably an additional $400,000. 

The federation, in conjunction with the 
government, says it is trying to solve the 

problem. Deher says the problem stems 
from the devaluation of Cameroon’s cur- 

Deher said the country’s sports minis ter, 
Bernard Massoua, flew to California and 
joined the team on Tuesday, carrying 
$535,000 in Ids luggage. 

“They said, Tt is good, but it is not 
enough,* ” Deher said. 

The players then sent a fax to govern- 
ment officials, threatening to strike. 

A FIFA spokesman, Guido Tognoni. 
called the dispute an “internal matter” to 
be settled by Cameroon authorities. 

“FIFA has scheduled the games for them 
to play,” he said. “So far, Cameroon has 
played. We have full faith they wilJ play 
Friday. They are not crazy.” 

Tognoni said he knew of no time in which 
a Wend Cup team had refused to play. He 
said should a boycott come off, the matter 
would be handled by FIFA’s World Cup 
orga nizing commi ttee and it could result in 
banishment from FIFA events. 

The Portuguese players considered a 
strike at the 1986 World Cup, but the 
dispute was resolved with their federation. 

(AP, Reuters, AFP) 

A - 


. ■ i 

Vjr W *Vv v ' >/! 

Dissension Reaches the Germans 


.... . 

, ?U* ’ 

■ / ■ : : :- 

Our Staff DvaiDifateka 

CH§£$GO —The first bidc- 
eringjfeas surfaced in Germa- 
ny’s Camp, with defender 
Thomas Bertbold cal l in g for a 
shake-up of the team, and say- 
ing the coach, Berti Vogts, has 
' been wrong in insistiiig that the 
team isplayingwdL 
Wlnfe V<^has been conser- 
vative with his criticism of the 
m ngio ns despite 
two bhfararaar perfor manc e s . 
Bertbql<l\3a!^Wedhesdfly: “It 
can’ tbe rtghfc When the. trainee 

play our way out or trouble. 
Lothar is wasted there.” 

■ VogtS*s decision to move the 
33-year-old Matth&us from 
midfield into the sweeper’s role 
18 months ago was controver- 
sial, and made largely to give 
Andy MOUer the space in mid- 
field to become the main play- 
maker. • 

Kit while MOfler is certainly 
-talented, he has not yet shown 
the same inspiration that 
M^fthgng has- provided in the 

! .-«? * * 

x J?V' - 

, * *’■"*■ - j 

says after dvety game that we 
aie : vtot all the 

wodd cansee Visnot true. 

. that. We 

shotadcaH aspan«|a spade. We 
have tq do mrai more to win 
the Wcirid CupT Wiiat we have 
produced sofarhas been terri- 
ble^::'-/ ; •; '/ 

Bertbold Said Bewould prefer 
that' the- team's Lothar 

Maahgus, move rorward from 
libera tails old position in the 
midfidd;', where he could be 

lVh^ .we look at the way 
the otba teams are, playing, I 
dusk ^bfebetter to have; 

We that we j»st when the Germana were in 

- said. “We have the people to which they would look at a vid- 
play our way out of trouble, eo of tbe Spanish match and 
Lotbar is wasted there.” discuss thrir mistakes. It was 

' Vogt^s decision to move the likely the meeting would last 
33-year-old MatthSus from some time, 
rmdfidd mto the sweeperis role 9 ^ campaign took a 

blow whensuSrS^Cascar- 
bimsdf out of Fri- 

Andy MOTo- the space in mid- day’s match asrinst Mexico. He 
fidd to become the mam play- uncerta^tiie last firat- 

m ^^whiteM6Qer is certainly j^gam^ ^ Norway next 

hunMs W. k. 

Matthau has- provided in the ^ “ d 
^t^en the Germans were in ’^Sr^^TMignel Me- 

°Wth the Germans almost ^ Stated by rgom 
certain to win Group C it is r ^ mb ? s ^ n ^ c ^ aI 

:-3S* Vo gf" lse “ wS srsM 

lUrtYuilA pressure from the Mexican me- 

But Bertbold hag aj^pula- ^ ^ change^ madp three for 
for bemg outspoken, and 

He left out defender Rah) 
SttSv ft Guttenez, midfielder Benjamin 

Galindo and midfielder' Luis 
VfB Stuttgart playerJrt fire. naCTlin q Alberto Garcia 

, A^a Sued playmaker 

^ Wto was suspended for the 

he said Weta ra t p opening game, experienced 

^ forwaTd srtiker Curios HerawsiDo and 

' Tli^IjSfiiavingbeeniiv. ut^/ mdfidd er Rodri- 
«ff to hold a 8“ez to replace mem. 

.'-unlikely Vogts win change his 
^ . tactics at such a late stage. 

VV*™ . But Bertbold has a reputa- 
^ tiro for being outspoken, and 

□ tem- while teammates woe bong 
diplomatic with the press on 
Iprefer Wednesday, the 29-year-old 
Lothar 'VfB Stuttgart player let fire, 
d from “Every player has their job to 

tin the - do. Not everyone is doing it," 
uld be fae said; “We haven’t played so 
■ = .. many hi g h . , long balls forward 
m way . tor a long time.” 
ying, I. • The players, having been giv- 
o have; en the day off, woe to hold a 

•V. .. . , ... Danri t bnia/ A^eKir Ffancr-IViM 

Diego Maradona, who scored a goal in Argentina's 4-0 thrashing of Greece, being escorted from a t raining session. 

Still Contenders (at Least Contentious) 

a aaiple |sk^.i(HB',’’ Bertbtdd team meeting Tliursday at 

(Reuters, AP) SJMl 

Kazuhim Nngi/AFf* 

Jack Charlton, Ireland’s 
coadt, during a practice ses- 
sion in Orlando, Florida. 

By Santiago O’Donnell 

UVaJiMgidR Pasi Service 

WELLESLEY. Massachusetts — It be- 
gan as an inoocea t game of foot-volleyball, 
three players on each side of a wooden 
bench, one team led by midfielder Diego 
Maradona, the other by striker Gabriel 

The Argentine team was in the midst of 
a light practice at its Babson College head- 
quarters, a day after its 4-0 romp past 
Greece in its opening match at nearby 
Foxboro Stadium. 

Batistuta, who scored a hat trick against 
Greece; was scoring once again against his 
teammates across the bench. His team was 
leading, 10-4. and Maradona was furious. 
“Nine to six!" Maradona shouted as he 
prepared to serve. 

“No way!" Batistuta shot back. From 
there on, every point degenerated into an 
endless debate. 

The exchange between the World Cup’s 
leading scorer and soccer’s most recogniz- 
able name underscores the win-ai-any-cost 
attitude that now makes the Argentine 
team one of the candidates to win the 
World Cup. 

“This is a very evenly matched tourna- 
ment," said Batistuta. “The winner is go- 

ing to be the team that remains focused 
throughout the tournament, and that's 
what we want to do.” 

The informal 30-minute workout was an 
excuse for more than 300 reporters to 
swarm over the Argentine players for com- 
ment in the aftermath of the game against 
Greece. Before, Argentina was lightly re- 
garded by most soccer experts. 

Maradona. 34, the star of the 1986 
World Cup, bad been dismissed as an 
-overweight has-been and the Argentine 
team was given little chance to win the Cup . 
again despite appearing in three of the past 
four championship games. 

But that view chawed after Argentina 
overwhelmed a weak Greek team and Mar- 
adona scored a spectacular goal while 
leading candidates Italy and Colombia 
were losing. Reporters from Boston to 
Bangladesh were now elbowing their way 
toward the Argentine players to ask wheth- 
er they felt vindicated. As always. Mara- 
dona monopolized. 

“What would you say to all the critics 
who said you couldn't play anymore after 
yesterday’s performance?” a Brazilian tele- 
vision reporter asked. 

“1*11 answer with another question: 
What can they say after yesterday’s 

game?” he replied. “I give my answers in 
the playing field." 

Batistuta, 25, was asked whether he ever 
expected to score a hat trick in World Cup 

“Never." he said, with a deadpan ex- 

As a kid growing up in a small town in 
the Argentine pampas, he continued, he 
dreamed of becoming the World Cup’s top 
scorer. But even for a deadly shooter like 
Batistuta — he has 25 goals in 29 matches 
playing for Argentina — three goals in a 
World Cup game was too much to expect, 
he said. 

“It is often said that six goals is enough 
to win the scoring title," said Batistuta, 
who plays for Fiorentina in Italy and is 
appearing in his first World Cup. “I'm 
halfway there;” 

As Maradona was leaving practice; he 
was asked about his soccer-volleyball foe. 

“What can I say? He’s a goal scorer," the 
team’s captain replied with a shrug. “You 
can give him a million passes during a 
game and he won’t return any, because all 
he thinks about is shooting at goaL” 

Then Maradona let out a smile. 

“You know what? I hope he never gives 
the ball bade. I hope lie never changes 
because we need his goals." 























































J A Barrel ofPeo 

By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — Last week- 
end’s fun was more intense 
than usual. First there was Sam 
Donaldson interviewing Paula 
Jones. Then the networks con- 
victed 0. J. Simpson of murder. 
Afterward we went to the mov- 
■ ies and saw Jack Nicholson turn 
into a werewolf. 

Fun of this quality simply did 
not exist until now. It makes 
you realize how lucky we are. 
f unwise, to be living in this day 
and age. Lei me cannibalize my 
own family for material and tell 
you what my grandmother did 
for fun: Had one of her sons at 
the end of the day drive her out 
to Spring’s store in Lovettsville 
where she had an ice-cream 

Was this, or was this not, the 
Dark Ages of fun? On summer 
evenings she would sit in a rock- 
er on the front porch talking to 
neighbors and relatives and 
watching it get dark. If you 
want to know how lucky we are 
today, imagine living in a world 
where fun was watching it get 
dark. And talking. 

Whenever I think of my poor 
old grandmother having to talk 
to relatives and neighbors, I 
thank my lucky stars for all the 
machines now available for tak- 
ing the drudgery out of talking 
and putting the fun back in. 


For instan ce, we don’t have 
to do any talking at all with 
Sam Donaldson and Paula 
Jones. All we have to do is listen 
while they talk at us. 

And what fun talk it is. Jones 
is the first woman ever to sue a 
president on grounds he once 
made her an indecent proposal. 
With fun talk like that coming 
at you, you really wouldn't 
want to have to * talk back, 
would you? 

The talking machines provid- 
ed even more fun than usual last 
weekend. As usual professional 
weekend talkers were on hand to 
fill (he ears with fun abuse of 
President Gin ton and his wife, 
but last weekend they also had 
former President Carter to abuse 
for our entertainment. 

For really special, out-of-the- 
ordinary fun talk, however, it 

will be man\ a day before the 
machines tickle our ears and 
eyes with enlenainmem to 
match the conviction of O. J. 
Simpson. Having watched and 
been talked at by the machines 1 
could tell by cocktail time Fri- 
day that they were bound to 
convict Simpson of murder. 

You can always tell. The tip- 
off is thaL invisible wink the TV 
people give you when they talk 
about “the presumption of in- 
nocence," after laying out the 
homicide division's dossier of 
incriminating evidence. 

Assuming that neither the 
networks nor newspapers 
would sentence Simpson until 
Saturday, I decided to seek live- 
lier fun at the movies. If fun is 
your dish — and if it's not. what 
kind of person are you. some 
out-of-date old grandmother, 
or something? — if fun is where 
your mind, such as it is. is at, 
you are as powerless as 1 am to 
resist Jack Nicholson. 

Jack, as we “Entertainment 
Tonight” fun lovers call him. 
can overdo the ham now and 
then, but when the flick is tilled 
“Wolf” fun ham is obviously 
what the chef meant to cook. 
Jack turns it into one of the 
outstanding fun experiences of 
the week, a parable about the 
were wolf-ea i- were wol f oat u re 
of the book-publishing world 
since its takeover by fun-selling 
international conglomerates. 


From Reality: 

Fortunately I got back into 
the house and turned on the TV 
before any wretched thinking 
could get a toehold in my head, 
and sank into the great chase 
scene of the O. J. Simpson sto- 
ry. Live from coast to coasL 
scenes from a news helicopter 
in faraway La La Land were 
being fed into a zillion tubes. 

It was the real-life fulfillment 
of a futuristic hon-or depicted 
in Ray Bradbury's 1950ish sci-fi 
novel “Fahrenheit 451." in 
which civilization entertains it- 
self by watching live TV scenes 
of police pursuing and destroy- 
ing lawbreakers. 

Grandmother was born too 
soon, poor old soul. 

.Veil- JYvA Timet Serricc 

B> Mithiko Kakutani 

-nn 1 

N EW VJRK — "The American writer in the 
middle of the Udih ^cniur. has his hands full in 
trying to understand, describe ami then make credi- 
ble much of American reuiitv." wrote Philip Roth in 
an essay in Commentary magazine. 

■'ll stupefies, it sicker^ it mlunates and finally it 
is even a kind of cm harassment to one’s own meager 
imagination. The actuality is continually outdoing 
our talents, and the culture tosses up figures almost 
daily that are Lhe envy of any novelist." 

Philip Roth made these observation back in 1961 
— before the assassination of President John F. 
Kennedy, before the assassinations of Robert F. 
Kennedy and the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King 
Jr., before the social upheavals of the late l%Os. 
before Vietnam and Watergate and Iran-Contra. 

Since then, of course, daily life — or at least our 
apprehension of iL thanks to 24-hour television 
news and the proliferation of tabloid coverage — 
seems to have grown curioser .still. 

Jn recent months. Tonya and Nancy. Amy and 
Joey, the Menendcz brothers und the Bobbitts have 
become fixtures in the national consciousness, and 
now. for a few days. Lhe sad. surreal saga of O. J. 
Simpson has bound the country together in a weird 
act of communal fascination that has led one observ- 
er after another :o sigh. “Truth is stranger than 

Indeed, the ability of reality to equal, even sur- 
pass. cur most fevered imaginings has been repeat- 
edly brought home to us in recent years. 

H. R. Haldeman's recently published diaries cre- 
ate a truly Slrangelovian portrait of the Nixon White 
House, while Donald Vegan’s memoirs purvey a 
picture of the Reagan While House tin which the 
president's schedule was cross-referenced with read- 
ings from Nancy Reagan's favorite astrologer) as 
strange as anything in “Being There." Jerzy Kosins- 
id's dark political satire, published back in 1971. 

Taken simply as a narrative, the Simpson case was 
riveting, in part because it combined elements of 
high Lruged> (the fall of a powerful man. a sudden 
reversal of fortune! with elements of your run-of- 
the-mill action-adventure movie (a dramatic chase). 

In fact the extraordinary public fascination with 
the Simpson story helps underscore two pressing 
matters facing the writer of imaginative fiction to- 
day: the growing marginalization of the written 
word in an increasingly electronic culture: and the 
difficulty of depicting a reality that often feels, in 
Tom Wolfe's words, “chaotic, fragmented, random, 
discontinuous: in a word, absurd." 

The ’60s. the critic Beniamin DeMott has ob- 
served. “brought the realization that the old. prima- 
ry. literary' role of witness" had been stolen by 
television.' Since then, functions of the novel have 
been usurped by television as well, at least usurped 
in Lhe eyes of people who do noi value lhe nuances 
and ambiguities of literary prose. 

In the past, novels alone seemed capable of giving 
us intimate knowledge of strangers's lives: today 
that role tends to be filled, however deceptively, by 
confessional talk shows and autobiographies. 

EoridSutir/lRf . 

As we are exposed to more and more bizarre 
stories in the news (a woman cutting off her hus- 
band’s penis, another woman who alleges that the 
president asked her to perform oral sex), as the old 
rules of civility break down, it also becomes increas- 
ingly difficult for the imaginative writer to satirize or 
even convincingly dramatize social conflicts. What 
was once regarded as parody is now often a story in 
the morning news. 

In a recent essay, the writer Joe Queen an observed 
that his satiric articles about such invented absurdi- 
ties as “the lateness-rights movement” and “the 
Home Mutual Fund Shopping Network” have actu- 
ally elicited credulous responses. 


pressed even to capture their audience’s attention.-:": 

Tom Wolfe’s advice for novelists; — takra^"' 
himself in “Bonfire of the Vanities’* and ty: waters 

like Richard Price in “Clockers” — is to “head-out . 
into wild, bizarre, unpredictable. Hog-stomping 1 
Baroque country of ours and reclaim it as literary 

answer,” he wrote in a mucfa-discxissed arti- v 

do in Harper's magazine, “is not to leave the rude ; 
beast, the material, also known as the life around u4. 
to the journalists, but to do wfaal jouma!ists : do, or 
are supposed to do. which is to wrestle die beast and .; 

bring it to terms/ 
This is 

“No matteT how ridiculous your story is.” he 
writes, “some people — and even a lot of people — 
will not get the joke.” Satire and parody, after all, 
depend on a sense of boundaries that can be violat- 
ed, taboos that can be sent up, and when reality itself 
possesses a quality of anything goes, it becomes 
harder and harder to use exaggeration and hyperbo- 
le as tools to mock. 

As social codes weaken and sensationalist ic news 
coverage proliferates, the public’s shock threshold 
rapidly rises, resulting in an increasingly cynical and 
jaded audience and a general coarsening of stan- 

At the same time, novelists find themselves feeling 
increasingly ineffectual: hard-pressed to delineate 
the chaotic tapestry of modern American life, hard- 

what Zola did a century ago, -and .what . 
Norman Mailer did in his “true-life novel/* -.*The; 
Execu doner’s Song.” v- 

While novelists like Philip Roth. D. M. Thomas 
and Harold Brodkey have reacted to the weirdness 
of contemporary reality by focusing on the private 
realm of the seif, others like Salman Rushdie hive: - 
responded by embracing the fantastical techniques 
of magic realism. *• - 

In 1989. however, when Rushdie’s novel "“The- 
Satanic Verses” led to his being placed under a deatff 
sentence by the Ayatollah Khomeini, he/ too, dis-: . 
covered that real life has a way of surpassing even 
(he most surreal imagining s of a novelist. ' ' 

As Mark Twain once remarked, “Truth IS strang- 
er than fiction, but it is because Fiction is obliged tp 
stick to possiblities; Truth isn’t.” 

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Forecast for Saturday through Monday, as provided by Accu-Weather. Asia 





Com 00 Sol 













Si Pdmiug 






Hgh Lon 
26/79 16/61 
2I/7P M>62 
7’rOO 9/48 
32/m 21/70 
2802 IB/M 
2904 14/57 
23/73 BUS 
24/75 1401 
Tams 15/58 
19*6 6/43 

2802 2008 
ISO# 7305 
■702 14/57 
300# ta/54 
25/17 13/55 
2904 1702 
14/57 8146 

2904 I5<59 
25/79 190# 
24/75 14/57 
23/73 14/57 
3108 1801 
31/88 1804 
15/59 10/50 
26/79 13/58 
2700 1702 
1908 7/44 

2700 2008 
2802 1702 
23/73 11/52 
10/60 7/44 

3008 1702 
1407 8/48 

1509 4/39 

2700 1801 
14/57 8/46 

2802 21/70 
24/75 14/57 
21/70 3/37 

2904 18/61 


W Mflh 

I 26/77 
ad 22/71 

4 25/77 

■ 3209 
pc 27/00 
I 2904 

5 23/73 
PC 23/73 

■ 2802 
pc 21/70 
pc 2904 
S/I 1707 
I 1801 

■ 3108 

9 23/73 
I 24/75 
1 14/57 

■ 28/79 
a 2B/79 
I 24/75 
ih 18/64 

pc 2B02 

9 71188 
ah 1804 

• 25/77 

I 2700 
pc 21/70 
pc 25/77 
I 22/71 
» i7>n 

* 12/53 

■ 3200 

« 18/54 

c 1702 
I 2700 
I 15/59 
pc 23/84 
a 24/75 
I 21/70 
s 2709 

Lon W 

1906 ift 
14/57 l 
1102 ■ 
Z2/7I » 
1804 -* 
18*4 pc 
1305 0i 
1102 1 
1804 pc 
13/55 pc 
21/70 01 
10*0 I 
11/52 01 
1906 I 
14*7 I 
13*5 sh 
B/48 0i 
1702 i 
21/70 5 

18*4 0| 

10*0 0i 
1601 I 

19766 I 
8/46 pc 
1407 I 
1804 0| 

13/55 pc 
1804 * 
11*2 sh 
14157 0i 
6/43 pc 
21/70 S 
7*44 01 
8/4# pc 

■3*5 I 
V*« sh 
21/TO 1 
1702 pc 
11*2 pc 
1407 I 

41^4" LfcijMW«»atAr kV/l Uraeasofut4y 

M*«m fcvdc.:4d LXs 

Sh,-.-/v fsjajc-j Heavy 

North America 

Denver through Sail Lake 
Cay to Los Angeles «1N have 
hoi weather this weekend. 
Scattered rains in the Norttv 
easi Saturday will oe to!- 
lowed by very warm weather 
Sunday and Monday. Orlan- 
do to Houston will be sea- 
sonably warm and humid 
with plenty of sunshine this 


A lew showers and thunder- 
storms mil erupi over Cen- 
tral Europe this weekend A 
siow-movng storm wiB bnnq 
scatag tains to northeastern 
Spain and south--:eniial 
curope Sunday mio Monday 
London and Pans will have a 
lew showers early m lhe 
weekend, then Monday- wilt 
be dry and wannor 


Shanghai ihrcugh Seoul and 
Tokyo Will be very warm this 
weekend Heavy ihunder- 
sicifms .over lhe North China 
Pta:n this weekend may 
i*ecn Seoul be Monday A 
■ topical Slorm will bring 
heavy rams 10 souih-certral 
China lai* llus weekend 
Scattered heavy rams will 
'<ak cecittai FhiUppme-j. 








Low W 







38 /n 



»/7» 0s 





19456 1 

Hong h eng 





2679 0i 





25/77 pc 

381100 38*1 

sh 77 *8 

57*0 sh 





51/70 0. 






32 IPS 



2475 p: 











18*4 pc 



29 -W 

2 / m 



51/70 * 






8'48 c 

26 79 




W/64 f.: 



9 '48 


23 m 

11/62 pc 






24/75 pc 






15/53 pc 






2271 . 


Europe and IVMdJe East 

- ■ •■■■■. -. ; v,'4r.-4stf 


■ AXtorecBSB and i ar - - » •' 

‘ by AmrWestfaL 1 

North America 










Da end 




Tel Avr» 
















paniy sunny 





















cloud* ani sun 







parly sunny 














oarty sunny 










2 2/71 


















oaniy swvw 














rank- sunn,- 







pa/ 12 / sun-iy 







Europe and Mddle East 











Schevan ingen 



Tel Aviv 

Middle East 

Latin America 

Mgh Low 

Wgh Low W 







16*1 10/50 *h 
18*1 B/48 pc 


High Low w High Low W 


2/35 PC 105.J 5/41 pr 

75/77 pc 31-8" 25/77 pc 

r#*l pc 19T« 15*1 pc 

28/79 IJ/53 PC 25/77 13.-» I 

19^ pr 24/75 17*2 01 

C-r pc 17-82 7/44 pc 

LagBTHfc s-3umy. PC -Darby cloudy, c-doudy. sh- showers. i-tounlersbrnK, ■-**. si snow (kvrvo. 
0>-snow. Mce. W Weatwr M maps, forecasts and daa provided by Accu-Waatfwr. Inc. ■' 1994 



21 /to 

30 86 2107 







36 *7 21/7P 






31,88 18*4 




38 m 


28*2 19*4 

Mcnce Cry 



41/IW 19*8 





41/I06 26.79 

42/107 26,79 










Loc Angeles 


Unn e wfc 
Mew lark 
San Fran 


18*1 7/44 

31*8 20*8 
27-80 17*2 
22-H 16*1 
35-95 18*1 
24/75 17*2 
29.84 3110 
34/93 22/71 
32*S IS*6 
3381 2415 
2984 17*2 
27.80 14*7 
32 89 2415 
2619 70*6 
47/116 31*8 
23/73 11*2 
2dW 11*2 
2415 17*2 
31 *8 21 10 

01 16*1 7/44 pc 

I 31*8 20*8 pc 
pc 2313 17*2 0i 
0r 29** 17/62 pc 
i 3289 16*1 5 
01 2815 <8*4 pc 
pe 29/84 2211 pc 
pc 34 *3 2313 pc 

* 31*0 18/64 pc 
I 33*1 2819 pc 
PC 28 -JD 17.82 pc 
pe 2313 I 2 *J 01 

* 32/W 2411. pc 

I 28*2 21 H) 0r 
S 48/11531*6 s 
s 2211 12*1 s 
c 2110 12*3 e 
01 23/73 13*5 pc 
I 32*9 2110 pc 

showers “ 
partly sunny 

clouds and sun 

partly sunny 





cloudy ’ 














































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1-27 • -N -J-TS-X-.' ' 

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1-2- ■ lUNWr W3JF-' 

Caribbean and West Atlantic 

Baroa oos 

path Sumy 
P31*-/ sunny 

31 W 





27, -80 





E 25-35 

E 25-40 

E 25-35 

SE 20-35 

Caribbean and West Atlantic 

SL Thomas 

clouds and sun 31/88 
sunny 33/91 

Showers 37/88 

clouds and sun 27*0 










Vt \ -•£ ,i-‘;25-3 K .- 
'0-1.- •€•--. JS-W-'-. 

- 1=2- H2fl-35^- 
1-2 . ' ;'SE -8540:- ■ 






Palm Beach. Aus 
Bay o l islands. NZ 








oa/Uy sunny 







clouds anc sun 







partly sunny 




























ckroas and sun 











Palm Beach. Au& 
Bey ol Islands. NZ 

Wily sunny 
clouds and sun 
clouds and sun 
crouds and sun 
clouds and sun 

• • > 




























T 14S 




: l3- 

20:35 • • - 

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0010-9*11-1 1 1 1 








EUlmnn wn/ni 



0800-100- 10 









Lebanon (Befrnt) 



Finland - 




MuJi Antha 

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convenient Access Numbers on y< >ur right. 

l‘/>l AIKI 


G r eece* 


01300010 VAP 




QQa- 800-01111 Ar^-miru* 




l, M'l ik-lize. 

1 ^ 0 ^ 550-000 iv,ihtr 

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Cosu Rica’a 

Ecru dor* 

FI Sahudofa 


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Guyana*" . . 

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Nicaragua (Managnal \y\ : . . ' W 


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British V.I. 

! 1-800^2-2881;'^ 

Oilman Istinds 





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001 -80Q-872-288i; 

ft Kins Nevis 

’ I-80O«?2=SB r . -. 

AFRICA ~’v’ :Vv;- 

Egypr (Cairo) 

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Gabon* . 

■■ : £bj*-oox 


. 00111"' 


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Sourii Africa 





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