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INTERNATIONAL 



(Tribune 



PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Paris, Monday, June 27, 1994 


No. 34,625 


Hata’s Fall in Japan 
Frustrates U.S. Aims 


Agreements to Open Up Markets 
Now Unlikely Before G- 7 Summit 


! - By Andrew Pollack 

' Nov York Tuna Soria 

; TOKYO — Just when it seemed that a 

• year of tortuous trade negotiations with 
’Japan was about to bear fruit, the resign a- 
- tion of Prime Minister Tsu tom u Ha ra was 

• nkdy to leave' the United States once again 
.frustrated and unable to reach market - 

■ opening .agreements before the summit 
1 meeting next month of the Group of Seven 

leading industrial nations. 

; Hie. political turmoil could divert Ja- 
' pan’s attention from the trade talks just as 
' negotiators are set to enter the final, criti- 
; cal wedu which will determine whether the 
'two nations can forge agreements to in- 
; crease sales in Japan of foreign insurance 
-policies, automobiles, telecommunications 
•and medical equipment before the G-7 
l gathering in Naples 

* The -setback forced an uncomfortable 

* change in the.Clinton administration’s po- 
' si don. Washington’s best hope now for a 

■ speedy agreement is to count cm Japan's 
; bureaucrats, once described as recalcitrant 
1 gatekeepers of the economy. 

The Gtnlon administration was coum- 
. mg cm politkal reformers, represented by 
r Mr: Hata and his predecessor, Morihiro 
.' Hbsofcawa,- to open Japan’s markets by 
'forcing Ihrir will on die bureaucrats. 

' However, Japan is about to get its fourth 

■ prime hamster since the so-called trade- 
framework agreement setting ground rules 
forthe negotiations was signed a little less 
thanayevaga 

It now seans that there will not be a 
i for months. 


that Japan's ministries have enough au- 
thority and leeway to negotiate an agree- 
ment on their own and from now on it 
would just be a matter of ironing out 
details. 

That could be wishful thinking. Eventu- 
ally, politicians are called in to make a 
political decision. u If there is a political 
vacuum for some time, I think the talks 
will' be halted,” a Japanese trade official 
said. 

After serving only two months as prime 
minister, Mr. Hata announced his resigna- 
tion on Saturday just before Parliament 
was scheduled to vote on a no-confidence 
motion that would almost certainly have 
rejected him. 

He said the resignation would avert the 
political vacuum that would arise if he 
called for new elections, his other option 
had he lost the no-confidence vote. 

Many analysts think the struggle among 
the various political parties to form a new 
coalition will leave a vacuum nevertheless, 
just as Japan is facing economic decisions. 

In addition to negotiating agreements 
on specific trade sectors, Japan is sup- 
posed to unveil a new package of measures 
by the end of the month to deregulate its 
economy, cut income taxes and increase 


long-term public spending, all measures 
the United Stales. 


if not years, until a stable new political 

four 


system, evolves to replace nearly four de- 
cades; of one-party rule by the liberal 
..Democrats. 

* . It is possible that the vacancy in the 
prime minister's office can be filled this 
week and even possible that Mr. Hata will 
be. re-elected, meaning there mil be little 
loss of momentum. ~ 

' However, whoever takes the office is 
likely to be hamstrung by the same coali- 
tion politics that weakened Mr. Hata and 
Mr. Hosokawa. And the new leader is 
likely to r— M te jh QiSgo only juuil the; .= 
next gencral'dfectidn, probably at theend 
of die year.'.'. 7 . 

“There aren’t too many viable politi- 
cians around,” said a U.S. government 
official He said Washington was hopeful 


sought by 

This package could be left incomplete in 
the political confusion. 

If a new party comes into power, it could 
conceivably throw all the plans of the old 
regime out the window. 

The Socialists oppose parts of the tax 
reform plan that was advocated by Mr. 
Hata’s coalition. The Liberal Democratic 
Party might ease up on deregulation to 
protect traditional constituents like fann- 
ers, shopkeepers and construction compa- 
nies. 

By increasing the probability that trade 
talks will stall, the political confusion 
could lead to a rise in the yen, which is 
already pressing 100 to the dollar. 

Political confusion also could delay Ja- 
pan’s nascent economic recovery. Growth 





tikgfiiraniidi'AgnKr Fraiwncwc 

DEMOCRATIC DUTY — National Guard soldiers marking their ballots Sunday in Kiev as Ukrainians went to the 
polls to elect a new president from a field of seven candidates. The incumbent, Leonid M. Kravchuk, is expected to 
win narrowly over his main rival former Prime Minister Leonid D. Kuchma, but only after a runoff. Page 5. 


France in Africa: Why Few Raise a Fuss 


m the economy would allow Japan to buy 

! the greatest 


more imports and would have 
effecrin nuf of" lessening the 

country's towering trade surplus. 

Still, some experts said that no matter 
who takes power, Japan wiD gradually 


See JAPAN, Page 4 


By John Darnton 

Nor York Tuna Service 

LONDON — France's military inter- 
vention in Rwanda is a stark reminder of a 
diplomatic truism: Among the colonial 
powers that once ruled Africa, France 
stands out for its readiness and its ability 
to send troops to a besieged country on the 
continent 

Why this should be so. more than 30 
years after the countries gained indepen- 
dence, is something that even experienced 
diplomats find curious. 

There would be hell to pay if Britain 
tried it — say. if it decided to send a crack 
expeditionary force to Nigeria to spring 


Moshood K.O. Abiola, the businessman 
currently in the clutches of the army for 
having the effrontery to insist that last 
year’s election made him president. 

The Nigerians would resist it, the British 
public would decry it and the rafters of the 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


United Nations would. ring with accusa- 
tions ofneocotmuaJism. ’ ■ 

But France is able to pull off such a 
maneuver with elan. No apologies, no 
obeisance to sensitivities over sovereignty. 
The helicopters simply swoop low over the 
banana trees and disgorge the patrols of 


ethnic massacres of Rwanda's Tutsis by 

See RWANDA, Page 4 


Nuclear Crisis Extends Well Beyond Korea 


.By Steve Coll 

Washington Pan Sernae 

VIENNA — - Behind the standoff be- 
tween Washington and Pyongyang over 
the future of North Korea’s nuclear pro- 
gram lies an intensive, sometimes conten- 
tious, often secret and very, much unfin- 
ished debate about 'the role of nudear 
weapons in a woiW fired from superpower 
confrontation. 

In several senses, people involved in tins 
debate say, the North Korean crisis is 
eme rg i n g as the nudear cousin of the war 
in Bosnian: an early and pNOteatiaSy dis- 
turbing test of whether the West, Russia 
and the United Nations can create effec- 
tive institutions, sy^texos.and principles for 


a new and modi more diffuse post-Cold 
War era of global nudear security. 

Countries such as Iraq, Pakistan, India 
and Israel have in the past defied the 
international community to embark on 
clandestine nudear weapons programs, as 
North Korea is now suspected of doing. 
What makes the North Korean case dis- 
tinctive, officials say, is its character and 

tjmirig - 

Tbe crisis has simmered during a period 
of profound flux in worldwide nudear 
security arrangements. And, by its nature, 
it is shaping debate about what a posi- 
Cold War nuclear security regime should 
look like. 

Next spring, the Nuclear Nonprolifera- 
tion Treaty, the basic document governing 


the present global nuclear weapons order, 
will expire. A New York conference in- 
volving more than 100 countries is sched- 
uled for May to decide whether to extend, 
alter or abandon the treaty system. The 
system mandates that the United States, 
Russia, China, Britain and France are the 
only nations permitted to have nuclear 
arms and designates the International 
Atomic Energy Agency as the world's nu- 
dear watchdog. 


At the Pentagon, a thorough review of 
UjL nuclear polio/ has been ordered by 
the Clinton administration, including an 
examination of what doctrine to pursue 
toward suspected recalcitrant Third World 


See KOREA, Page 4 


Kiosk 


Tide Has Tun 


SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina 
(Reuters) — Muslim-led Bosnian gov- 

amnuAi tnwnc rantliTpd temtOrV 


erament troops captured territory 
* !r rivals! Sunday in fierce 


frbfn Serbian UTMJ. Mi mwy •*** — 

fitting in central Bosnia, and their 
commander said the tide of - war bad 
finally turned in their, favor. 

“The Bosnian Anny now has the 
■ power, to start a war of liberation,” 
General Asm Delic said on Sarajevo 
radio. 

Bosnian troops have for weeks been 
yttacWyip a mountainous stretch of 
SertHhdd land in central Bosnia ex- 
tending south from the raikoad town 
-of Dtibd, despite a truce that went 
into effect June 10. The area isinroOT- 
tant to the Serbs because of ns 13th 

w * * : monastery, and his- 


toric - 

In Bthat, 50,000 lost souk. Rage J. 


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Americans ‘Third World 9 


AID Shifts From Bangladesh to Baltimore 




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Can?BrDon..3^»CFA Qatar,.... . 8.00 Riate 

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Gabon„,;..,960 CFA SfSMSOl ... JH0CFA . 
Greece .^.. t ^00 Dr. Spain :~..2MPT£S: 
Hpfr -ii Tunisia a:.T.OOD Djitt 


Ivory Cast XXS& CFA Tuctey . J.t- 35,000 
Lebanon 7 ... USS’lJO U.S. Mil. (Eur.l$U0 


. . By Thomas L. Friedman 

. New York Tima Service 

BALTIMORE — It is hard to know 
whether this a good news story or a bad 
news story, but here it is: The Agency for 
International Development, which spent 
the Cold War fighting communism with 
foreign, aid and helping poor countries like 
'Bangladesh immunize children, has found 
a new customer for its services: America's 
inner cades. 

The good news is that AID has some- 
thtVtg to offer. The bad news is that parts of 
Los Angeles, Boston and Baltimore now 
need it as much as Bangladesh. 

Ova: the years, AID developed a reputa- 
tion in Washington as a bloated and inef- 
' fective bureaucracy. Btil the Ohnon ad- 
ministration has been engaged in a major 
overhaul of AID. 

The pinion team is trying to shed what 
‘the agency did worst, supporting anti- 
communist dictators, and focus on whatit 
did best, fostering cheap, low-tech meth- 
pds for federating immunization, literacy 
and agricultural development and for nur- 
paring small businesses. 

The agency's shift in focus from Bangla- 
desh ro Baltimore was an accident waiting 
to happen. Wfth no Cold War, it was eaM- 
: to justify its usefulness to taxpayers dubi- 
ons of foreign aiti,hndit discovered Amer- 
jean. mayors so bdeagucred by the prob- 
Jems of their inner. cities that they were 
jeaflyto take bdpi ftbm anywhere, even if 
it meant comparisons between their inner 
dries and the Third World. 

• While AID’S charter prohibits it from 
-actually financing programs in the United 
States, noting prevents the agency from 

^ Whf c taflring'this past spring with Mar- 
ian Wright' Eddman; the longtime head of 


the Children’s Defease Fund, about the 
health problems faced by American chil- 
dren, the agency’s director, J. Brian 
Atwood, saw similarities with the prob- 
lems his agency was fighting in Mali and 
Egypt, Mr. Atwood recalled in an inter- 
view. 

Ms. Edelman, he said, was struck by 
how, in some respects, Mali and Egypt 
seemed to be doing much better than the 
United States. 

In particular, Mr. Atwood recounted, 
they noted that measles vaccination rales 
among inner-city children under age 2 
were averaging around 40 percent in the 
United States. 

Yet governments in Egypt, the Philip- 
pines, India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia, 
using some of their own programs and 
some financed and planned by AID, had 
achieved childhood immunization rates In 
the 70-percent range, according to a Unit- 
ed Nations report. 

During a television interview a few days 
later, Mr. Atwood mentioned this discus- 
sion and said that his agency hoped to 
become more involved in sharing ideas 
with American cities. 

An aide to Mayor Kurt L. Scbmoke of 
Baltimore happened to be watching, and 
the city immediately contacted Mr. 
Atwood and volunteered Baltimore for the 
first test case. Other American cities fol- 
lowed, 

Mr. Atwood, recognizing a new market 
for his agency’s expertise, ordered aides to 
come up with a program, eventually chris- 
tened “Lessons without Borders.” 

On June 6. a team of the agency’s senior 
health and development experts held a 
daylong seminar with their Baltimore 
counterparts, discussing AID programs 

See ABO, Page 3 


WORLD CUP Vi GRANDSTAND 



Miiv' Nrbnn/Agenx Franuf-Pnew 

A fan rooting for Tony Meola, the U.S. team captain and goalkeeper, 
before the team’s match against Romania at the Rose Bowl on Sunday. 


Romania 1, United States O 

Dan Pelrescu slotted home a goal in the 
17th minute to give Romania victory 
over the United States on Sunday in 
their match in the Rose Bowl. The early 
breakthrough was largely againsL the 
run of play, in which the Americans 
dominated the scoring chances. 

Colombia 2, Switzerland O 

Herman Gaviria scored in the 45th min- 
ute and Harold Lozano added an insur- 
ance goal in the 90th minute to give 
Colombia its victory over the Swiss 
team on Sunday in the match in Palo 
Alto, California. 


ances. Greece now has no chance of 
reaching the second round. 

Belgium 1, Netherlands O 

As the resurrected rivalry between Bel- 
gium and the Netherlands spun into the 
final moments, the difference remained 
dear: “The Tceeper who can keep the 
zero is very happy,” Michel Preud- 
’horame said. 


Bulgaria 4, Greece O 

Hristo Stoichkov scored on two penalty 
shots as Bulgaria claimed its first vic- 
tory in six World Cup final appear- 


Saudl Arabia 2, Morocco 1 

The undearrated Saudi team surprised all 
the experts — and especially the Moroc- 
cans — by putting itself in good posi- 
tion to make it into the tournament's 
second round. 


Monday's matches: Bolivia vs. Spain, in Chica- 
go, 2005 GMT; Germany v& South Korea, in 
Dallas. 2005 GMT. 

World Cup report Pages IS. IS and 17 


1 


Germans Put 
Pressure on 
U.K. to Settle 
EU Deadlock 


Major Refuses to Bi 
And Some at Corfu Feel 
That 4 Dehaenels 


By Tom Buerkle 

International Herald Tribune 

CORFU, Greece — Germany increased 
pressure on Britain to back down over the 
presidency of the European Union’s exec- 


utive commission on Sunday as Foreign 
reaffirmed 


Minister Klaus Kinkel reaffirmed Bonn's 
support of Prime Minister Jean-Luc De- 
haene of Belgium and dismissed talk of a 
search for a new candidate. 


’There is no reason to bring compro 


closely cropped camouflaged young men 
in broad daylight, almost as a matter of 
right. 

Since 1962, when French troops rushed 
to Dakar to help President Leopold S6dar 
Senghor of Senegal maintain order after a 
coup attempt, France has engaged in more 
than a dozen majorinterven lions in Africa, 
including forays into Gabon, Chad, Zaire, 
Central African Republic, Togo and Com- 
oros: ‘ ' 

Unlike the eariier interventions, the cur- 


mise candidates into the discussion,' 
Kinkel said in extracts from an interview 
released before publication on Monday in 
the German newspaper Bild. 

“At this difficult time, the EU needs a 
doer,” a dear reference to Mr. Dehaeoe, 
who is known in his country as the “fixer.” 

Speculation about new candidates was 
rife, however, as Britain reaffirmed its de- 
cision to veto the Belgian leader. 

Mr. Dehaene “stands for some ideas 
about interventionism, about the gradual 
pushing of power to the center of Europe, 
which we think are out of date,” Foreign 
Secretary Douglas Hurd of Britain said in 
an interview with the BBC. “We could find 
somebody more appropriate.” 

The comments highlighted the disarray 
within the bloc since the semiannual sum- 
mit meeting of EU leaders broke up in 
discord over the succession to Jacques De- 
lore of France on Saturday. Germany has 
pledged to solve the issue in time for an 
extraordinary s ummi t meeting it has called 
for Brussds on July 15. 

Although the 1 1 other EU leaders even- 
tually lined up behind Mr. Dehaene, in- 
cluding his Dutch rival, Prime Minister 


Ruud Lubbers, several leaders expressed 

a French- 


rent action, directed at preventing further 


irritation at what they called a 
German attempt to impose Mr. Dehaene. 

Prune Minister John Major of Britain, 
meanwhile, appeared to leave no room for 
any buckling when asked if he could be 
won over to Mr. Dehaene. 'The answer is 
no," he said. Prime Minister Silvio Berlus- 
coni of Italy also said the deadlock re- 
quired a clean slate of candidates. 

That led one EU official to declare, 
“Dehaene is dead." 

But the few alternative candidates men- 
tioned, led by the GAIT director-general, 
Peter Sutherland, also pose considerable 
obstacles of their own. 

The Irish government does not support 
its native son because be is a menubar of 
the opposition party. And a German offi- 
cial dismissed Mr. Sutherland, a clear free- 
trade proponent, “because that is what 
Britain wants." He added, “And when it’s 
an 11 -to- 1 situation, I don’t see bow he can 
be the one that wins.” 

Prime Minister Felipe Gooz&lez. of 
Spain, a longtime favorite of the German 
chancellor, Helmut Kohl quickly ruled 
himself out 


Mr. Kohl “has a problem,” said Mr. 
little 


Lubbers, who did little to conceal his bit- 
terness at having been undermined by the 
German leader. “He has to find somebody 
or convince John Major.” 

Beyond the personal humiliation to Mr. 
Dehaene and Mr. Lubbers, the leadership 
stalemate presented an embarrassing im- 
age of European discord that overshad- 
owed the meeting's achievements: a new 
trade and political partnership with Rus- 

See EU, Page 2 


Ex-Communist 
Wins Runoff in 
East Germany 


By Stephen Kinzer 

New York Tima Soviet 

HOYERSWERDA, Germany — For 
the first time since unification in 1990, a 
former Communist has been elected may- 
or erf a German city. 

With 51 percent of the vote, Horst-Diet- 
er Brahnrig erf the Democratic Socialists, as 
the former Communists call themselves, 
was chosen Sunday as mayor of the East 
German city of Hoyerswerda, 130 kilome- 
ters (80 miles) southeast of Berlin. His 
opponent, Klaus Naumann, a Social Dem- 
ocrat, had been supported by every other 

PI % election was a runoff, made neces- 
sary after no candidate won a majority in 
the first round two weeks ago. The incum- 
bent mayor did not seek re-election. 

Mr. Brahmig’s victory capped a strong 
political surge for the former Communists. 

In the euphoria that followed the col- 
lapse of East German communism four 
years ago, many analysis assumed the 
Communist Party would quickly die. But 
in recent elections the Democratic Social- 
ists have sharply increased their strength In 
eastern states. 

The former Communists have won sym- 
pathy in part because they are an exclu- 
sively eastern party that can articulate 
eastern grievances without considering the 
sentiments of voters in the West Their 
town councilors have also won a reputa- 
tion for hard work on local issues. 

Former Communists have also rebcund- 


See VOTE, Page 2 


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Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 


ma 





British Art- Publishing Innocent Put the Heat in Frieze 


iTf 


By Erik Ipsen 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Five years ago, with the 
recession raging and employers firing, 
Matthew Slotover had a brain wave: In- 
stead of joining his friends in the jobs 
line, the young Oxford graduate decided 
he would make his own job. He decided 
to found an art magazine. 

Others, almost all others, begged to 
differ. “I told him it was a stupid idea 
and that he ought to get a job," says 
Amanda Sharp, a childhood friend and 
former neighbor in Knightsbridge. 

Mr. Slotover's father, Robert, was 
doubtful. *T was delighted he was inter- 
ested in something, he said. “The 
strange thing was that he had not shown 
very much interest in art as far as we 
knew, but then again, he is a very quiet 
sort of person." 

Matthew Slotover, whose resume at 
the time boasted only two part-time jobs, 
waiter and file clerk, had little to bring to 
the party. That was then. Five years 
later, behold Frieze, Britain's leading 
contemporary art magazine and one of 
the world’s hottest new art publications. 

“Every few years a magazine comes 
out that somehow feels the pulse and has 
a look and a writing style that is more 
relevant to new art than any other maga- 
zine, and right cow that magazine is 
Frieze,” said Jeffrey Deitch, a New York 
art consultant He attributes Mr. Slo- 
t over’s success in part to a triumph of 
nalvetib over the realities of magazine 
publishing. 

The success rate for any new magazine 
is poor. For art magazines, more so, and 
for a magazine chronicling contempo- 
rary art, a form familiar to few and liked 
by fewer, it is nearly oil. Yet, with a 
growing worldwide circulation of 30,000 
and a dutch of steady advertisers drawn 
from galleries from Stockholm to Santa 
Fe, Frieze has done more than survive. 

With its reputation for spotting new 
talent and with its spartan cover shots, 
ranging from butterflies to bananas, it 
has become an important and resolutely 


quirky fixture on the cutting edge of the 
international art scene. 

In the process, Frieze has gone from a 
mere chronicler of what it covers to a 
shaper of it: a voice strong enough to 
help set the agenda. “In a very brief time, 
it has become quite influential." said 
Helena Kontova, editor of Flash An 
magazine in Milan. 

Frieze has also found itself, much to 
Mr. Slotover’s discomfort, knee-deep in 
the art establishment. 

“We are not the dog pulling on the leg 
any more, but part of the leg itself,” he 
laments. As proof, he cites the mail. 

Up and 

Coming 

An occasional series about \r 
the leaders of tomorrow. 

which has gone from letters of suppori 
for a brave new venture to what he char- 
acterizes as “criticisms of an established 
organization.” 

In their small office above a music 
store off Charing Cross. Mr. Slotover 
and his two co-editors still dress the part 
of rebels, avoiding ties and crisply 
creased pants in favor of T-shirts and 
jeans. But there is no mistaking Mr. 
Slotover’s new clouL 
“Frieze has become an obligatory stop 
for curators coming here from tbe Conti- 
nent," said James Roberts, press officer 
at Lassen Gallery in London. “They stop 
by and ask Matthew what is going on." 

Mr. Slotover's status as arbiter of the 
London art scene was formally en- 
shrined last year when he was tapped to 
screen Britain-based artists for the Ven- 
ice Biennale art fair. 

What is odd about all this is how 
quickly Mr. Slotover has made his transit 
from obscurity. Five years ago, he came 
to his new venture with only a degree in 
experimental psychology from Oxford to 
show for his 20 years ’ of existence. 

Yet, when the pilot issue of Frieze hit 


the stands and sold out promptly, two 
years after the idea had jelled in his 
mind, few people were less surprised 
than Mr. Slotover. For him. Frieze was 
no random shot up a darkened alley. 

Some people, the elder Mr. Slotover 
said, prefer to launch a project and then 
learn by their mistakes. Others research 
the guts out of things, “and get it right 
the first time.” Mr. Slotover, a self-pro- 
fessed launch-and- learn type, puts his 
eldest son in the second camp. 

Consistent with that approach, one of 
Matthew Slotover’s first acts as a pro- 
spective magazine owner and editor was 
to take himself off to business school for 
a six-month immersion in receivables, 
cash flow, bad debt, et aL He followed 
that up with courses on magazine pro- 
duction at the London College of Print- 
ing. 

In his spare time, Mr. Slotover began 
assaying the competition in the reading 
room of the Knightsbridge library and 
comparing what he was reading about in 
art magazines and in the general press 
with what he was seeing in London an 
schools and galleries. In the gap between 
the chronicled reality and the empirical 
variety, he spied his opportunity. “The 
way other media deal with contemporary 
an is basically from a position of huge 
ignorance,” Mr. Slotover said. 

The problem was that Frieze’s three 
founding editors could hardly boast of 
being authorities on the subject them- 
selves. None of them had yet turned 25 
and only one of them, Tom Gidley, had 
studied art 

For Mr. Slotover. whose childhood 
loves were pop music and computers, the 
harbingers of success were thai he had 
always been a year or two ahead of his 
age group u* school and that he had 
always excelled in organization. 

“People knew we were doing an art 
magazine and when they met us they just 
assumed we knew about art," said 
Amanda Sharp, co-editor for the last 
three years. “In the first year or so, we 
were able to bluff it out." 





ColoityApath^cwF^t| .... 

HONG KONG (AP) —Governor 

faring widespread public 
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Hong Kong in whidr petoait 
what was at stake ia die vote, T 








Action Frost, comprising 

environmental 

discuss alleged rights yiolatk^ ^Ii^oo^it au&^ifieim tte 
former Portuguese colony.- ^ 


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ranCnradN. 

Matthew Slotover did not get a job, he got a magazine. 


Q & A: A Call to Pursue ‘European Public Goods’ 


Antonie Martino, foreign minister in 
the new Italian government of Silvio Ber- 
lusconi , spoke with Tom Buerkle of the 
International Herald Tribune in Corfu, 
Greece, at the summit meeting of the 
European Union. 

Q. What are your impressions of the 
way business is conducted in the Euro- 
pean Union? 

A I think there is a perception that 
the nature of our institutional frame- 
work is destined to change because the 
Union is getting bigger and bigger. It's 
wise to concentrate on the really big 
measures, what I call European public 
goods: Those goals that can be pursued 
only at European level. 

I think the goals are the single market. 
Another public good is the common 
currency. Now here we have to do our 
homework, because the common curren- 
cy is certainly not essential for the single 
market. But a single currency will be 
very useful, very convenient. However, 
you cannot get there step by step as 
we’ve tried to do repeatedly in the past 
and failed. 

We have common foreign and securi- 
ty policy. Then we have a. common de- 


fense. And finally I think Europe should the U. K., but also with France and Ger- 
provide a framework, some mechanism, many. 

for citizens of the various countries in Q. Do you rule out Italy going back 
Europe to appeal to a European level in into Lhe exchange rale mechanism? 
case they feel that their rights and liber- Personally, I am against it. We would 
ties have been hurt by national proce- give a bad signal. The signal would be 
dures. that we believe thaL the control of ex- 


that we believe that the control of ex- 
change rates is essential for monetary 
Q. Does your government favor a unification. And it’s not. 
more limited Europe primarily oriented I think we should go big bang. There 
toward free trade? is only one real reason why we don't 

A: Personally I'm an Anglophile. But have a common currency in Europe yet, 
that's not policy, that's my personal and that is, monetary mismanagement is 


preference. If I go to England, I would 
be considered a federalist or a Euro- 


very bad at the national level. It would 
be catastrophic at the European leveL 


enthusiast because I believe in a com- Inflation in a single country is terrible. 


mon currency for example. 


At the European level it could be a 


The relationship between the U.K. disaster. Deflation, even worse, 
and Italy — there is no doubt that we So no country is w illin g to surrender 
have many interests in common. There monetary sovereignty to a European in- 
is no doubt that we look forward to stitution unless it is sure that there is a 
aoing things in common. That doesn't foolproof guarantee that that currency 
mean we want a preferential partner- will not be mismanaged. So what we 
ship. We don’t believe in these kind of should do is concentrate our efforts on a 
things. That would split Europe. The monetary constitution that gives that 
idea that there is a Franco-German axis guarantee. 


and that therefore you must have an 
Angjo-Italian axis: If you follow that 


Q. How concerned are you by the 


line of thought, you are back to the old instability of the exchange markets in 
ways of doing things. We look forward recent weeks? 


to having an excellent relationship with 


Part of the turbulence is due to 


what they call intervention. If you or I 
buy or sell currency, that’s called specu- 
lation. If a central bank buys or sells 
currency, that’s called intervention. 
Now you or i bet our own money, and 
we do it to make money. A central bank 
bets not its own money but somebody 
else's money, and it usually does it to 
lose money, not to make money. Yet 
somehow speculation is considered bad 
and intervention is considered good. In- 
tervention is bad. and some of the turbu- 
lence is due to intervention. 

Little periods of turbulencejn ex- 
change rates are inevitable. And if there 
is turbulence, that fa as a beneficial ef- 
fect. It discourages excessive specula- 
tion. 

Q. Will you be addressing currency 
instability at the Group of Seven sum- 
mit meeting in Naples? 

A. 1 don’t think we get into exchange- 
rate variability because then we have a 
very full political part. 

This G-7 “plus one" will have many 
things to discuss politically. And I think 
it is very important that it succeeds in its 
political part. My view is that we should 
give Russia the possibility of showing 
that it stilJ is a major player in interna- 
tional relations. 


EU: Germans Put Pressure on U.K. to Settle Deadlock ^ Ready to Pay 


Continued from Page 1 

sia, the signing of membership 
treaties with Austria, Finland, 
Sweden and Norway, and 
agreement on deregulation and 
cross-border investment pro- 
jects to stimulate jobs and 
growth. 

“Ir’s not good for the outside 
world and it's not good for the 
people who are going to vote 
whether their countries should 
come into the European 
Union,” Prime Minister Albert 
Reynolds of Ireland said, refer- 


ask lhe butier... 


Vhrrt iwrwiit it sayfrimg yi a id,; it h it. 


ring to the referendums to be 
held by the Nordic countries 
this fall. 

“It’s obviously a crisis,” said 
the French president, Francois 
Mitterrand. 

Mr. Dehaene, who confirmed 
his determination to stay in the 
race Sunday, blamed Mr. Major 
for blocking Europe to curry 
favor with the anti-EU arm of 
his Conservative Party. 

“I am not blind to his prob- 
lems in Great Britain,” he said 
in an interview on Belgian tele- 


vision. “I even have some pity $ 600 Million tO 
for him." 

i.SrSSStS Close Chernobyl 




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ingness to accept Mr. Dehaene 
until vetoing him on Saturday. 

“It is dear Lhat he did it for 
internal, domestic reasons," an 
official said, citing pressure in 
recent weeks from Britain's 
rightist press and the anti-EU 
wing of the Conservative Party. 

Mr. Major “will pay for this, 
very hard, very dearly," an EU 
official said, “because you can’t 
play your short-term domestic 
needs on the backs of other peo- 
ple.” 

Still, the British complaints 
about Mr. Dehaene' s views and 
the way in which Germany and 
France poshed his candidacy 
found wider sympathy. 

“You cannot have a couple of 
countries, or a small number of 
countries, dedde on a name and 
then assume lhat everybody 
else will follow," said the Italian 
foreign minister, Antonio Mar- 
tino. 

Mr. Mitterrand said the real 
dispute was “essentially a polit- 
ical debate" between leaders 


CORFU, Greece — The Eu- 
ropean Union is ready to pump 
$600 million into an interna- 
tional nuclear safety plan for 
Ukraine that would shut reac- 
tors at Chernobyl, site of the 
world’s worst nuclear accident 
in 1986. 

EU leaders at a summi t meet- 
ing in Corfu on Saturday ex- 
pressed concern over nuclear 
safety in Ukraine and recom- 
mended that the Chernobyl 
plant should be shut definitive- 
ly and as early as possible. 

The leaders said they were 
willing to provide funds as part 
of a comprehensive scheme to 
be discussed at the summit 
meeting of the Group of Seven 
industrialized democracies in 
Naples on July 8 - 1 0. The Union 
also called for early ratification 
by the Ukraine Parliament of 
the Nuclear Nonproliferation 
Treaty. 


like himself, who want to deep- Under the EU plan, the 
en economic and political coop- Union would provide $480 mil- 
era tion among EU nations, and lion in loans and $120 million in 
those, presumably including grants over three years from the 
Mr-. Major, who see the Union ELTs technical assistance pro- 
as little more than a free-trade gram for countries of the for- 
Mne - mer Soviet Union. 


Lost Diaries 
Of Mussolini: 
Now Found? 


LONDON — An I talian 
businessman has discov- 
ered diaries purporting to 
have been written by Mus- 
solini, the Sunday Tele- 
graph said. The five vol- 
umes covering the years 
1935-39 have been missing 
for nearly 50 years and 
could be one of the biggest 
publishing finds of the cen- 
tury, the paper added. 

“Historians and docu- 
ment experts who have ex- 
amined them believe them 
to be the work of H Duce," 
the paper said. 

According to the diaries, 
Mussolini was an unw illing 
partner to Nazi aggression 
m the 1930s and tried to act 
as a brake on Hitler, whom 
he feared and despised. He 
also suffered from depres- 
sion and was lonely and 
distrustful. 

The newspaper quoted 
Denis Mack Smith, a Mus- 
solini biographer, as saying 
that “the manuscript looks 
absolutely genuine.” 


VOTE: 

i Town Turns Left 

Continued from Page I 

5 ed elsewhere in the old Soviet 
J bloc, w inning natio nal elections 
. in Poland, Hungary and Uthu- 
| ania. 

1 Democratic Socialist leaders 
1 here were jubilant Sunday, but 
I leaders of other parties warned 
that it posed a danger to the 
development, of democracy in 
Eastern Germany. 

Also Sunday, voters in the 
eastern state of Saxony- Anhalt 
appeared to have chosen a new 
state government that will be 
headed by * the incumbent, 
Christoph Bergner of Chancel- 
lor Helmut Kohl's Christian 
Democratic Union. But the 
Christian Democrats won just 
35 percent of the vote, accord- 
ing to preliminary figures. As a 
result, they will probably have 
to form a “grand coalition" 
with their chief rivals, the Social 
Democrats, who took 34 per- 
cent 

The vote in Saxony-Anhalt 
was considered a possible pre- 
view of the national election 
scheduled for October. Some 
analysts believe that Mr. Kohl 
will finish first in October but 
will have to govern in coalition 
with the Social Democrats. 

The growing strength of the 
former Communists has sent 
fear through Germany’s politi- 
cal establishment 

In elections this month for 
local offices and for the Euro- 
pean Parliament they finished 
better than even party leaders 
dared to hope. Although they 
have almost no support in 
Western Germany, they did 
surprisingly well in all five east- 
ern states and took 40 percent 
of the vote in eastern Berlin, 
emerging as the strongest party 
there. 

The campaign in Hoyers- 
werda produced a political alli- 
ance that had never been seen 
in postwar Germany. Leaders 
of both major parties, the 
Christian Democrats and the 
Social Democrats, joined to 
back Mr. Naum arm. They were 
supported by leaders of the two 
principal smaller parties, the 
Free Democrats and the 
Greens. 

In Hoyerswerda, Mr. Brah- 
mig sought to play down bis 
connection to the former Com- 
munists. His campaign posters 
did pot even mention his party 
affiliation. 


Xj 8 Trg|C?TTt.^T. 


ADEN, Yemen (Raitm)--Northcrii Yeauati tidpj^laupebed * • p' 
a fresh ground offensive west oLAdea,<&J>^^ the; V-* 

stronghold. >’ j 

There was ho evidcait :effect of -a cease-fire 
north on Saturday as- mkthem tfoOTs broke throt^^somhero -;' & 
defeases at Bir Ahmad, northwest of Aden. Soirne nints‘reacbed * <f.~ : 
(he main coastal road Eidringthetity to the sooth V-Otily "oH/g*- 
refinery and Aden's main power station/ -"- 

U.S.ftllfeO^ 

MOGADISHU, 




The United Nations said casualties were heavy Sunday, 
had no specific figures. A UN official estimated that 30 peopfe^^: 
died in the first two days of clashes. Many d£ _the 
believed to be civilians caught in cross-fire^ . ' ■ ;V\ ,.'- 7 
The State Department ordered tbe temporary evacuario£^o£i£;t . 
about 20 members of the U.S. liaison office, which perfoiios dbc^ 1 : • 
functions of an embassy in a country thathasboerv 
government for more than three years. Much ~ 


u.a. liaison ouucc. 

China Executes 56 Drng Deafe afe^; 

BEIJING (Renters) — ^ The^ntfaorities ^ 
provinces have executed 56 drug” trafficking, 
killed in recent days to nearly 100 as.part of 
narcotics campaign. "/.I ■ 

The Legal DaDy reported Sunday thai 46 . 
executed in. Guangdong Province, -13 given 

five years. In ■ 

tenced 29 traffickers, of whom 10 were executed, -the J^par^dS^.-’: 

— wi =m 


street Crime Rises 41% in 

LONDON (Reuters) — Street crime, indudmgimiggm^[4^^ - . 


^ 

tourist areas around Parliament, Backingham Palace and ' 
Park, called its findings alarming. “The figures' are sbrpnsiagp 
because they are clearly out of step with other 
burglary, which have shown a dramatic decrease," 

Milton, deputy leader of the oounriL * : j . ' 

Fire filters and army soldiers battled a Maze hr eaStt 3 U ‘&ms* 7. 
on Sunday that has spread over 4,500 hectares. The fire. w£n|ll 
started Wednesday about 60 kilometers north wesi^pF 
has not caused any injuries. ' : 

Rail Rids between Italy and France mere interrupted S«Hiff 56 «v • 
the Savoie «®on after the Arc River • 

officials said. Trains bound for Italy via Saiht-JeanMfc : ManoOT^. r r . 
and Modane were being diverted through SwitzeriWidt<^fi^^> , 
were flooded with about 20 centimeters j 

Tbe number of foreigners visiting Vietnam 
the first six months of 1994, the Virtnam' 

Sunday in Hanoi. It said abo lit 430 JX)0 foreigners 
Vietnamese arrived in the first Half of fh fr year, 8ft006in6re thati; v 
in the same period in 1993. . V 

India said Sunday it was. banning alcohol on 
flights, effective immediately, because drtmken passengCT&thii^^S . 1 
ened safety.. r 

. Industrial and commercial activity stoppei 
cities on Sunday as the business c ommuni ty 
strike to protest taxation measures in theiederaL^^et.^^^^ 

This Week’s Holidays . 

Banking and government offices will be’. clb^?tf;:!pr -sei^^Siit 
curtailed in the following countries and their 
week because of national and religious holidsnA^ifXif 1 


MONDAY: 

TUESDAY 


s of national and religious holidays: 

r : Venezuela. t : vii ^ - v 

llh 


Guatemala. Sri 1-mfca . Sudan, 

FRIDAY: Rsmaindpch, b< 

Suriname, Taiwan. Thailand. 

SATURDAY: Pakistan. 


Sources : J.P. 


To call from country to country, or back to the U.S., dial the WorldPhone number of the country you're calling frtpi 

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Antigua 

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Argentina* 

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cardphonei only..' *2 
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lOuuide oi Man.igua. dLiT 02 first.) 
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Panama 
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PoUndiv-C- OToJI 

Po^ugaI , ■- , : , 

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San MarinmCt.''* 

Slovak Republic 'CCr 0 

South Africalt'C- O 


06-022 91-22 
AM -800-950- 1022 


first.) 166 

800-19912 
108 

2810-108 
008-11-800 
first.) 001-190 

OT-O I -CH -800-222 
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172-1022 
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Use your MCI Card ■ local telephone card or call coQccl. oJl at the same low rues, 

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** 


PSTEBXATIOWAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27. 1994 


Page 3 


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THE AMERICAS/ PILING ON 


Christian and Political Far Right Lead Vitriolic Charge Against Clintons 


By Erik 

New Turk Time* Scmee 

NEW YORK — For four successive weeks last 
month, viewers of the Reverend Jerry Fahvell’s 
“Ok* Time Gospel Hour” on cable television were 
treated not to the good tidings of Jesus but to 
excerpts from a videotape in which President Bill 
Clinton was accused, among other dark deeds, of 
arranging for the murder of an Arkansas investiga- 
tor who supposedly had proof of his trysts. 

In die televised excerpts, Gary Parks, son of the 
investigator who was shot to death last fall by 
unknown assailants, says, “I think Bill Cfinton had 
my father killed to save his political career” He 
offers no supporting evidence. 

Reverend Falwcfl, who described Mr. Clinton as 
“the most radical and controversial president in 
our nation's history,” aggressively promoted the 
videotape on his program, calling it an expos6 
featuring “the people who know the truth.” 

His organization says it has sold tens of thou- 


sands of the videotapes for “donations” of at least 
$40 plus S3 for shipping. 

Hie accusation of murder may be the most 
startling example of the harsh attacks being direct- 
ed at Mr. Clinton and his wife, Hillary Rodham 
Clinton. But the spread of Qin ton dirt and rumors 
of Clinton din have become a virtual industry, 
prompting the president on Friday to complain 
bitterly about “scurrilous and false charges” and 
“violent personal attacks.” 

. The roughest assaults are coming mainly from 
fundamentalist Christian leaders, who portray the 
Clintons as anti-Christian, and from arch-conser- 
vative pressure groups that raise funds through 
direct mail. 

Bur the invective has also reverberated on con- 
servative radio talk shows around the country, 
where the president is called a “gay lover” or a 
“pot-smoking draft dodger” and callers speculate 
on his wife’s sexual orientation. 

The Reverend Pat Robertson’s Christian Coali- 
tion called Mr. Clinton’s inauguration a “repudia- 
tion of our forefathers’ covenant with God.” 


On his “700 Club” cable television show, Mr. 
Robertson has broadcast an interview with Paula 
Corbin Jones in which she graphically described 
her accusation that the president made sexual ad- 
vances to her. 

Also cm the show, Mr. Robertson has promoted 
conspiracy theories about tbe death of Vincent W. 
Foster Jr., the White House aide and former law 
partner of Mrs. Clinton's who committed suicide 
last July, asking; “Was there a murder of a White 
House counsel? It looks more and more like that.” 

In a fund-raising letter to more than 100,000 
donors, Floyd Brown, chairman of a thriving non- 
profit group called Citizens United, said he had 
proof that Mr. Clinton was now. engaged “in a 
massive cover-up and conspiracy to obstruct jus- 
tice.” He asked his members to fill out an “emer- 
gency survey cm the impeachment” of the presi- 
dent. 

What these varied groups seem to share is a 
visceral dislike of the Clintons, along with some of 
their policies, such as the health care plan and the 


proposed easing of rules on homosexuals in tbe 

nutftaiy. 

Many of the attackers also tend to revel in the 
tawdriest accusations of financial and sexual mis- 
conduct, often mixing established fact with lurid 
speculation. 

The president and his wife have condemned 
what they see as incessant assaults on their charac- 
ter. 

“I don’t suppose there’s any public figure that’s 
ever been subject to any more violent personal 
attacks than X have, at least in modern history, 
anybody who’s been president,” Mr. Clinton said 
Friday on a Sl Lotus radio program. 

Harsh attacks on- the occupants of the White 
House are not new. and neither is a siege mentality. 

President Lyndon B. Johnson questioned the 
motives of demonstrators who called him a killer 
for his Vietnam policy while President Richard 
Nixon, long reviled by some Americans, went so 
far as to compile an enemies list. 

Over the last decade, liberal groups raised mon- 
ey by assailing Presidents Ronald Reagan and 


George Bush. But they seldom voiced as much 
personal venom as some groups are now directing 
at the Clintons, experts on the presidency say. 

■ Ointon Assails Critics 

President Clinton accused conservative talk 
show hosts and Christian commentators of using 
disinformation and “personal demeaning attacks” 
against him to create a culture of cynicism that is 
thwarting his efforts to govern. The Washington 
Post reports. 

One of the president’s advisers described him as 
alternating “between despair and rage” at not only 
radio talk show hosts such as Rash Umbaugh and 
Christian commentators such as Mr. FalwelL, but 
also at the mainstream press’s “propensity to ana- 
lyze instead of report, to rush to judgment on 
everything and to generally not let bun talk to the 
American people before you dump on him. ” 

Mr. Clinton’s made his remarks in an telephone 
interview aboard Air Force One en route to Sl 
L ouis on Friday. 



Htany Ray Abrnm/AjeDcr Fmxx-Prvuc 

SHOWING THE COLORS — Participants carrying a mQe-hmg multicolored flag 
Sunday fa NewYork at a march tp.ccaniiiemorate tbe.start of the modem gay-rights 
movemont^ZS yeara jq^ Orgairizers expected up to 'I ntiDion people to take part 

Away From Politics . . 


• Two mild earthquakes shook the Sun Fran- 
cisco area, but there was no serious damage . 
The U.S. Geological Survey said a quake 
measuring Z9 on the Richter spate was feilt 
three miles (five kilometers) north of Berkeley 
at about 1:30 AJVL A larger quake, measu ri ng 
42 and centered on the same spot, followed 
12 minutes later. 

• A Roman CathoBc priest was acquitted of 
sezaaty assanMa g an ll-year-dd altar boy, 
The Reverend Pipl Manning, 54, testified 
that he and the boy had been engaged in 
horseplay and had been fully clothed. 

• A suspect hi a drev-rdated kHHng was mis- 


taken^ released from San Quentin Prison jnst 
hours before he was indicted for murder, the 
Marin Independent Journal reported in San 
Rafael, Cahfonria. The suspect, Adam Leroy 
Cans, 28, left prison May 31 and is still at 
large, tbe newspaper said. 

• Tbe owner of a jewehy store killed a robber 
and critically injured a suspected accomplice, 
the pohee in the New Y ark borough of Brook- 
lyn said. The store owner, Leonid Rosenthal, 
52, has a license to own the scrm-automatic 
pistol and will not face any charges, the police 
said. 

Return, AP. NTT 


Carrot for North Korea: if Panama Asks, 

_ _ . J , n , , U.S. Might Leave 

Meeting With Jrresident some Troops 



By Thomas W . Iippman 

Wathingtm Past Sentee 

WASHINGTON — The re- 
ward* that freadeat Kim .Dr 
Sung pf North Korea might 
eventually reap from forgoing 
has nation’s nuclear program 
could -include a . face-to-facc 
meeting with President Bill 
CHntoti, Secretary of State 

Warreu M. Christopher said 
“I sopposc that might eome 
at some time in the fixture,” >lr. . 
Christopher said. 

He and other officials 
stressed that such a meeting 
would come only ai the end of a 
long, process in which. North 

Korea wotxki have to estabfish a 

the kfadef a record that would 
: — summit meeting with 
— Ornian,” Mr. Chris- 
_ _jd Friday mghl on 
:4Jat “if they would jam 
“ f of nations m a 
/would start. 
M conduct that 
.'ST j iyw»irflg with the . 
' ' United Skates, 
_ident Clinton ' 
todo so." 
anew offer, of-; 

■ ' policy consis- 
offcr North; 


punish North Korea with eco- 
nomic sanctions for its appar- 
ent attempt to acquire riudesr 
weapons and its defiance of the 
International Atomic Energy 


interim, former Presi- 
dent Jimmy Gaiter visited the 
North Korean capital, Pyong- 
yang, and extracted a commit- 
ment from the North to halt its 
unclear program in exchange 
far a resumption of a high-level 
talks with the United States. . 

UA and North Korean offi- 
cials met in New York on Fri- 
day to plan the resumed talks, 
scheduled for July 8 in Geneva, 
nffiriak said. * - 

The U.S. representative wffl 

be Assistant Skretaiy of State 
Robert L, Gatiucd, toe admin- ' 
utration’s point ’man . on the 
Korea issue, who is prepared 
for “an extended stay m 
va,” said the State Cfepa sent 



Many critics of Clinton ad- 
ministration policy toward 
North Korea remain doubtful 
there has been a sincere tum- 
■ mound in the North. • 

- Adced if there was “a new 
political will at tbe highest lev- 
els of the Pyongyang govern- 
ment” to resolve the unclear is- 
sue, Mr. MeCurry replied, 
"Ttatiis nnippwn.” 


Simpson Won’t Plead Insanity, New Attorney Says 


Reuters 

LOS ANGELES — O J. Simpson will 
not plead insanity when he goes on trial 
for murder, F. Lee Bailey, one of his 
lawyers, said Sunday. 

Mr. Bailey, a member of Mr. Simp- 
son’s high-powered legal team, criticized 
prosecutors for predicting last week that 
tbe former professional football player 
would ultimately admit to the double 
murder of Nicole Brown Simpson and a 
friend of heis, Ronald Goldman. 

In an interview with CBS television, 
Mr. Bailey maintained that Mr. Simp- 
son had a sound alibi and had said 
nothing to implicate himself 

But Mr. Bailey said it was “very ques- 
tionable” whether Mr. Simpson could 
get a fair trial in light of the extensive 
pubbdty about tbe case. 

As the legal maneuvering moved into 
high gear, new reports emerged about 
Mr. Simpson’s sometimes violent rela- 
tionship with his 35-year-old former 


wife, whom he is accused of stabbing 
June 12 along with Mr. Goldman, 25. 

In an electronically enhanced tape of 
an emergency call by Mrs. Simpson in 
October 1993, Mr. Sinmson can be 
heard threatening her and accusing her 
of having had sex in her living room 
while their children slept nearby, ac- 
cording to broadcast news reports. 

The tape, parts of which had been 
inaudible when broadcast last week, was 
part of the publicity that caused the 
supervising judge of me Superior Court, 
Cecil J. Mills, to disband a grand jury 
that had been considering an indict- 
meoL 

His action paved the way for a prelim- 
inary hearing on Thursday in which the 
prosecution must bare much of its evi- 
dence and Mr. Simpson's defense team 
will be given a chance to cross-examine 
and try to discredit key witnesses. 

Prosecutors need only present enough 
evidence to persuade a judge to bind Mr. 
Simpson over for trial. 


Mir. Simpson, 46, was arrested June 17 
after leading police on a bizarre chase. 
He pleaded not guilty last week and is 
being held without bail under a “suicide 
watch” in an isolation prison cell. 

District Attorney Gilbert Garcerti has 
maintained that the authorities have a 
straug case; but doubts have been raised 
about the existence of physical evidence 
that police sources had described in 
leaks to the media. 

Mr. Garcetti has been widely accused 
of seeking to try Mr. Simpson in the 
press, even predicting that he would 
ultimately use tbe insanity defense. 

Mr. Bailey, who gained fame defend- 
ing the publishing heiress Patty Hearst 
and Albert DeSalvo, who was known as 
the “Boston Strangler,” denied Sunday 
that such a defense would be used. “The 
defense is Tf you say I did something 
that’s criminal, you prove iL’ ” 

“It’s the most outrageous prosecution 
conduct I’ve seen since Sam Shephard 


was vilified by both tbe press and prose- 
cution in 1954,” said Mr. Bailey, refer- 
ring to the Cleveland doctor who was 
convicted that year in a highly publi- 
cized trial for killing his wife. 

After Dr. Shephard spent nine years 
in jail, Mr. Bailey won a second trial for 
him and secured an acquittal. 

In a taste (tf what television viewers 
can expect at the hearing, a member of 
the disbanded grand jury said the panel 
had been shown pictures of the crime 
scene. “It was shocking,” an unnamed 
juror told the Los Angeles Tunes. “I 
couldn’t even eat dinner that night” 

After a series of miscues and missteps 
that led to finger-pointing between pros- 
ecutors and tbe police, Mr. Garcetti 
shook up the prosecution team. 

On the defense side, Mr. Simpson’s 
lead lawyer, Robert L. Shapiro, has also 
hired a Harvard University law profes- 
sor, Alan Dersbowitz, who successfully 
defended the socialite Claus von Bulow 
on charges of murdering his wife. 


No Racist latent 
In Altered Kioto, 
Magazine Asserts 

New York Tunes Service 

NEW YORK— In response 
to the barrage of criticism about 
Time magazine’s cover portrait 
of OJ. Simpson, James R. 
Gaines, the managing editor, 
posted a message on a computer 
bulletin board stating that “no 
racial implication was intended, 
by Time or by the artist,” 

The blurry cover portrait of a 
darkened and unshaven Mr. 
Siximson is a doctored version 
of a Los Angeles Police Depart- 
ment photograph taken after 
his arrest June 17 
Some critics said that by 
darkening the photo of Mr. 
Simpson and thus giving him a 
more sinister appearance. Time 
was guilty of racism. 

“It seems to me you could 
argue that it’s racist to say that 
blacker is more sinister, but be 
that as it may: To the extent 
that this caused offense to any- 
one, I obviously regret it,” Mr. 
Games said in his message 


POLITICAL NOTES 


Republicans Can Taste *96 

DES MOINES, Iowa — No one 
would admit to taking seriously a sound- 
ing of presidential preference 20 months 
before tbe 1996 nomination process be- 
gins with Iowa’s precinct caucuses. But 
the nearly 2,000 Republican partisans 
who packed a downtown convention 
center sounded eager for the opening bell 
as they whooped and cheered through 
■ speeches by seven prominent Republi- 
cans and then declared their choices 
from a list of 23 possible candidates. 

“We’re in a huny for 1996 to come,” 
said Senator Phil Gramm of Texas, “be- 
cause we’re in a hurry for Bin Ointon to 
go.” 

The delegates cast the most ballots for - 
the absent Senate minority leader, Bob 
Dole of Kansas, whose political lieuten- 
ants had marshaled support for turn. Mr. 
Dole carried slightly more than 26 per- 
cent of the vote. But some in the ball 
questioned whether his showing was 
strong enough; he won tbe last Republi- 
can caucus here in 1988 with 37 percent. 

Behind Mr. Dole, with 15.2 percent, 
came Lamar Alexander, a former educa- 
tion secretary and Tennessee governor 


; anorga- 


is tbe navy’s No. 2 admiral, to replace 
Admiral Larson. 

The opposition centers on his approv- 
al of a female helicopter pilot's dismissal 
from flight school; his recommendation 
that Lieutenant Paula Coughlin, who 
was assaulted at the Tailhook Associa- 
tion convention, repay an 518,000 bonus 
after she left the navy, and his investiga- 
tion of a fire aboard an aircraft carrier in 
1983. - (NYT) 


who already 

nizational base in his state. 

Close behind Mr. Alexander came Mr. 

Gramm, who polled just under 15 per- 
cent and immediately demonstrated that 
he has been practicing something indis- 
pensable to any presidential candidate: 
explaining why he was the real winner 
even though be had not collected the 
most votes. The answer. He polled more 
than half as many votes .as Mr. Dole. 

(LAT) •• 

Wavy Scuta— Appointment Quota/ Unquota 

WASHINGTON —Hie Defense De- 
partment has withdrawn its dunce for 
commander of American forces in the 
Pacific because misgivings about the 
nominee's handling of sexual harassment 
and other issues threatened to hold up 
Senate confirmation at a time of increas- 
ing tensions in the Korean Peninsula. 

The current head of the Pacific Com- 
mand, Admiral Charles R. Larson, is 
scheduled to retire in the next few weeks 
to become superintendent of the Naval 
Academy. 

In the spring, President Bill Ointon 
nominated Admiral Stanley R. Arthur, 
who as the vice chief of naval operations 


Martin Fitzwater, who was spokesman 
for Presidents Ronald Reagan and 
George Bush, on the appearance of era- 
fusion in President Bill Omton’s foreign 
policy: “In the absence of policy, too 
often your communications are swept up 
in response to questions and they always 
relate to action and threats. All we’ve 
seen is either Gore or the president mak- 
ing threats of one kind or another. My 
advice to them would be to settle on two 
or three brief points that make a case for 
our policy and, whatever the question, 
repeat those points and reassure the pub- 
lic they are staying on top of the issue.” 

• (LAT) 


For Clinton’s Military Aides , Party Duty 


Washington Post Service 

PANAMA CITY —Defense 
Secretory William J. Perry left 
the door open this weekend for 
keeping a reduced military 
presence in Panama, provided 
the Panamanian government 
requests that the Americans 
stay. 

Under the terms of tbe 1977 
Panama C»mal Treaties, Pana- 
ma will take control of the wa- 
terway at the dose of 1999 and 
the u.S. military presence here 
will end after nearly a century 
in the country. About 20 per- 
cent of the military complex al- 
ready has been turned over to 
Panama. The bulk of the draw- 
down is scheduled to take place 
over the next few years. 

So far; Panama has expressed 
no official interest in retaining 
U.S. troops. But that could 
U.S. officials say, as 
Panama feds the economic im- 
pact of the American departure, 
estimated to mean a loss of sev- 
eral hundred mini on dollars an- 
nually in salaries to Panamani- 
ans. 

U.S. officials say that strate- 
gic and political arguments can 
joe inade for keeping some 
units, particularly a jungle 
t ra i nin g operation and Howard 
Air Base. 


By Ann Devroy 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — The 
White House was looking for a 
few good waiters. And now 
White House officials say, 
somewhat red-faced, that they 
meant no disrespect when they 
temporarily transformed uni-' 
formed military officers into 
canapi passers. 

With a commander in chief 
who lacks military service and 
has been accused — along with 
his aides — of insensitivity to 
the military, the Clinton While 
House worked overtime to ex- 
plain what probably would and 
did go unnoticed in other ad- 
ministrations. 


As best as can be determined, 
military aides assigned to a 
Democratic Party gathering for 
650 big donors, scheduled to be 
held under a tent in the White 
House Rose Garden, were 
pressed briefly to join the do- 
mes tic help serving hors 
d’oeuvres because a storm 
forced tbe party indoors. 

One of the White House mili- 
tary social aides said that such 
duty was humiliating. 

‘we are military officers, not 
waiters,” the aide said. 

Tbe aide added that it was 
“embarrassing to us and should 
be embarrassing to the presi- 
dent'' to have uniformed offi- 
cers who are in the White 


House to represent the uni- 
formed services fill in for the 
waiters and waitresses. 

But a White House official 
who was at the reception on 
Tuesday said the aides were 
overreacting. 

“Everyone was pitching in 
when the party was moved,” he 
said. “They were just asked to 
pitch in, too. They shouldn’t be 
so sensitive just because they’re 
in uniform.” 

Neel Lattimore; a deputy 
press secretary, said the sodden 
shift of the party indoors result- 
ed in White House senior staff 
aides and others helping out 

“We also asked the assistance 
of the mflitaxy social aides,” he 


said. “This was meant to be a 
team effort." 

Two officials involved in 
White House social activities in 
two previous administrations 
said that they knew of no mili- 
tary social aide ever being asked 
to do domestic chores. But the 
forma officials said that on oc- 
casion, in an emergency, some 
military aides voluntarily had 
done such work. The chief 
White House usher, Gary Wal- 
ters, said he recalled “several 
other occasions” when the so- 
cial military aides had helped 
out in emergencies. 



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AID: Focus Now Shifts From Bangladesh to Baltimore 


that bad worked or, often just 
as important, had not worked. 

Another conference is now 
planned for Boston this fall, 
and the agency is laying out a 
two-year schedule for other cit- 
ies that have asked for advice. 

Still, it was not an easy thing 
for Mr. Schmoke. The headline 
in The Baltimore Sun the day of 
the conference read: “Balti- 
more to Try Third World Rem- 
edies.” 

In fairness to Baltimore, it is 


one of the most thriving cities 
on the East Coast, with its r& 
built inner harbor. National 
Aquarium and downtown sta- 
dium of Camden Yards anchor- 
ing a real urban renaissance. 

But that renaissance is a work 
in progress. Just a few miles 
from the inner harbor, areas of 
Baltimore's inner city are rife 
with AIDS, illiteracy, family 
breakdown, joblessness and 
drugs. 

“We have to let everybody 
know that we are not suggesting 


that our entire city has the same 
problems as a Third World 
country,” said Mr. Schmoke. 
“But we ought to rerognize that 
there are sections ofthe city 
that are similar to the problems 
of less-developed countries.” 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 


Hata’s Choice: Quit to Save Reform Movement 


By David E. Sanger 

dear York. Times Service 

TOKYO — To save the re- 
form movement he helped ig- 
Tsutomu Hata had no 
Choice but to resign as prime 
minister. 

His two-momb experiment 
funning the world's second- 
Inrgcst economy with a minor- 
ity government had failed. 
Without the cooperation of the 
Socialist Party, which in a fit of 
pique split with Mr. Hata's gov- 
ernment the day he look power, 
there was no hope of pressing 
for his broader agenda: eco- 
nomic deregulation, new sales 
taxes and a far more active role 
® security issues like the North 
Korean nuclear standoff. 

. His coalition’s many divi- 
sions boxed him in. A no-confi- 
dence vote, which was an hour 
from passage at the moment he 
quit early Saturday, would have 
wily worsened the paralysis, his 
aides said. If he had lost the 


vote. Japan would have beea 
plunged into a 40-day political 
campaign that would only have 
extended the chaos. 

So in the end. Mr. Hata and 
his close political illy and strat- 
egist, Ichiro Ozawa, chose to 

risk everything, including con- 
trol of the government, in re- 
turn for a chance to once again 
attempt a realignment of Ja- 
pan's political forces. 

Their hope is that Mr. Hata’s 
resignation will trigger another 
political earthquake of the kind 
that shook the country almost 
exactly a year ago. when they 
engineered a rebellion against 
the Liberal Democratic Party, 
which had ruled four decades. 

If they fail tn the next few 
days, the result may well be that 
the Liberal Democrats return to 
power as the biggest force in a 
new, if weak, coalition. 

The Liberal Democratic Par- 
ty president. Yohei Kono. made 
it clear Saturday that he would 


try to seize the moment, telling, 
reporters that his party would 
be “responsible for settling the 
political situation" now that 
Mr. Hata had abandoned ship. 

He said he was already talk- 
ing to the Socialists — the tradi- 
tional enemy of the Liberal 
Democrats over the last 40 
years — about sritcluns togeth- 
er a policy statement that they 
could agree upon. There was 
even talk that the Liberal Dem- 
ocrats might back the head of 
the Socialists. Tomiichi Mur- 
ayama, for prime minister, a 
proposition that would have 
been unt hinka ble a year ago. 

Mr. Ha la and his allies seem 
to be betting that such a mar- 
riage of convenience would turn 
stomachs throughout the coun- 
try in the next few days. 

They are wagering that it 
would imperil a series of re- 
forms, including the new elec- 
tion system that narrowly 


JAPAN: Hata's Fall Leaves U.S. Negotiators Frustrated 


Continued from Page ! 

move in the direction of deregu- 
lation, opening its markets and 
increasing spending on public 
works. 

This is a consensus societv 
and the consensus is that such 
measures are needed, not to ap- 
pease the United States hut to 
make sure Japan's economy re- 
mains as vibrant as it has been 
in the past. 

“They have no choice but to 
follow the lines that have been 
laid by the Hata administra- 
tion," said Takeshi Kondo, gen- 
eral manager of the office of 
political and economic research 
at Itochu Corp., a major trading 
company. “There are no viable 
political options." 

To some extent, Washington 


bas already laid the ground- 
work for playing down any dis- 
appointment in Naples. It has 
said that there are no deadlines 
for the trade negotiations and 
that it is willing to accept agree- 
ments in individual sectors 
rather than all or nothing. 

In February, when the trade 
talks broke down at the meeting 
between President Bill Clinton 
and Mr. Hosokawa, Washing- 
ton had rejected piecemeal 
agreements. 

Despite such statements, 
both nations have a strong in- 
terest in producing some agree- 
ment at the summit meeting. 

Both want to stop the batter- 
ing of the dollar in world cur- 
rency markets, which threatens 
to accelerate inflation in the 
United States and imperil Ja- 


pan's economic rebound. Ja- 
pan's huge trade surplus is a 
major reason the dollar is weak 
against the yen, so any setback 
in trade talks could send the yen 
higher. 

For the next few days. Japa- 
nese political involvement in 
the trade talks will not be need- 
ed The matter will be in the 
hands of the bureaucrats, who 
are hammering away at the nit- 
ty-gritty; of changing govern- 
ment bidding procedures and 
measuring access to Japan's 
auto market. 

U.S. officials said that if 
agreements are to be reached 
before the Naples meeting, they 
should be concluded by next 
weekend. Otherwise, the talks 
might be postponed until after 
the meeting. 


passed last year, perhaps reuni- 
fying the forces that gathered 
their strength to fight the Liber- 
al Democrats and took power in 
Japan last year amid so much 
hope. 

Mr. Ozawa expressed his des- 
peration the other day when he 
said he was willing to get down 
on all fours and “bark like a 
dog" if it would help assemble a 
majority in Parliament. 

"This seems like a defeat to 
Mr. Hata and Ozawa and the 
reform efforts, and it may prove 
to be that," Takashi LnoguchL a 
professor of political science at 
Tokyo University, said shortly 
after Mr. Hata's 'resignation. 

"But it also may be deceiving. 
I think they believe that the 
pressures from the outside 
world are forcing Japan to 
change, and change in the direc- 
tion Hata and Ozawa have de- 
scribed. They think their time 
will come." 

Without question, Mr. 
Ozawa has defined his image erf 
the country's future more clear- 
ly than any other politician, ar- 
guing that’ the 50th anniversary 
of the end of of World War II 
makes this a perfect time to 
turn japan into a “normal na- 
tion," with normal consumer 
prices, politicians who call the 
shots instead of bureaucrats, 
and a military that can join in- 
ternational peacekeeping ef- 
forts. 

It is an agenda that steps on a 
lot of toes and sodal taboos, 
and many members of his coali- 
tion have argued with it. espe- 
cially over Japan's military role. 

The differences with the So- 
cialists have been the greatest, 
and Ozawa has not made things 
easier by showing his contempt 
for them, making it dear that he 
wants to throw them overboard 
as soon as he no longer needs 
their votes. 

But that will take several 
years, everyone agrees, and sev- 



eral elections before Japan has 
two mainstream conservative 
parties, each able and ready to 
govern. 

Mr. Hata's aides winced in 
April when the chancellor of 
Germany, Helmut Kohl, told 
the new Japanese prune minis- 
ter that he hoped to see him stay 
in office awhile, because no one 
could get anything done if they 
met a new Japanese leader ev- 
ery few months. 

The Japanese people are be- 
ginning to feel the same way. 

Most liked Mr. Hata, an affable 
man and skilled political insider 
with a reputation for relative 
political cleanliness. 

His approval ratings just be- 
fore his resignation hovered 
around 50 percent, not bad by 
anyone’s measure. 

Israel Says 
Killer of 29 
HadNoAid 

By David Hoffman 

Washington Post Senior 

JERUSALEM — The Israeli 
commission that investigated 
the Hebron mosque massacre 
concluded in a report Sunday 
that a militan t Jewish settler. 

Dr. Baruch Goldstein, acted 
alone in killing29 Muslim wor- 
shipers attheTomb of the Pa- 
triarchs earlier this year. ■— ■ — n ? 

North Koreans on guard si the DMZ oh Simday as tte two K05MS prepare to •*! i 

bate, the five-man commission • ■ 

riptinary action against anyone KOREA: Nuclear Crisis Extends B^rond Pyongyang 

The panel said no one could Cmtinaed from Page l of the nonproliferation treaty, United Nations, there re^m 


vi . *•" ‘ 


The panel said no one could 
be blamed for having failed to 
foresee the possibility of such a 
massacr e. The conclusion was 


Gmtinaed from Page l 
nuclear states such as North 
Korea. ' 

And. here tn Vienna, the 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


immediately haded by Israeli atomic energy agency and its 
government ministers who had member nations are engaged in 


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feared the commission would 
call for action against high- 
ranking officials. 

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unfortunate coincidence" that 
all the security forces were not 
on duty when the massacre oc- 


a detailed revision of global nu- 
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Muslim worshipers. 


la each of these diplomatic 


The panel stopped short of militar y policy arenas, the 
tackling broad issues raised in fluctuating and often madden- 
the aftermath, such as whether North Korean nuclear crisis 

Jewish settlers should continue emerging as an influential 
to reside in the middle of pre- in some respects disruptive 

dominantly Arab Hebron. Nor rea ijty check. Western and. 
did the report address long- United Nations officials in- 
standing conflicts over Israel s vofved with nuclear strategy is- 
occupation of the West Bank sues say 
and Gaza Strip, some of which at rad of th e ne gotia- 
emearged m the hearings. -• •-* --- : - 


atomic energy agency . 

Thus, a fundamental chal- 


tional nuclear regnne. 

. ‘‘North Korea is the dona- 


tions with North Korea, for in- 


Rather, the panel focused on stance, Pyongyang is permitted 
details of the crime and how it to preserve its ambiguous nu- 
could be prevented in the fu- clear weapons status in defiance 
ture. It called for setting up a . 

new security arrangement at the 

disputed tomb, including sepa- OTW/A IV fl h A a 
rate worship areas for Muslims A A vY-lA-L v J-rriL» JlT\ 
and Jews; a new spedal police 

unit for the tomb; and barring Contmoed from Page 1 

all civilians from carrying 

weapons into the structure. members of the Hutu group, 
“T ... . risks turning into an all-out 

The commission also urged confrontation, 
the amy and the poi.ee to dan- France has a long ^ ^ 


among North Atlantic Treaty 


arid viable" nuclear non- 


dear weapons status in defiance Organization allies and at the proliferation regime. 

RWANDA: Precedents for France’s Involvement j 

Contmoed from Page 1 French interventions were For many of them, indepen 


fy the rales for opening fire fol- H Z 

lowing testimony that some sol- S° rd -^ f .l? Pp01 ^f 
diers and polio: officers were dominated government, sup- 
under orders not to shoot at it. _ with weapons^ and 


Jews. 

Israeli ministers enthusiasti- 
cally praised the report and v en- 


training its tic 
who headed up 
ing militias. 


troops 
up the 


and those 
deaih-deal- 


ed to implement its recommen- . iina«nnwiea k wan- 
datious/ da Patnonc Front, m control of 


aimed at keeping in place these deuce was not a rupture with 1 
African leaders friendly to Par- the past or with Europe. It was 
is. . more like a graduation into ar 

Sometimes the intervention elite circle, an entry into a club., 
was proclaimed for a more — a sedate assem b lage of the 
high-minded intent — to evacu- privileged held together by Inn- 
ate Europeans from danger, for - guage, love of French culture 
example. This was the case in and the conviction that Paris 
1978 when Zaire’s Shaba Prow- was the center of the universe, 
jnce was invaded byfonnerKa- a Faustjan bar . 

gain. Allow in French techno-, 


The Tutsi-dominated Rwan- and Belgians sent in paratroqp- 
1 Patriotic Front, in control erf firs. The effect was the same: 
about two-thirds of the country. President Mobutu Sese Seiko 


“Certainly, nobody «nUd say ^ French troops ^ was given another lease on life. a 

rfs a whitewash, raid Shimon SSs wh o seek to^ up Not always did the interval- ! ^ 
Sh^t,ramisler of«»nonucs the government. U has «Srned lion favor thestatus quo. When 


crats. to run state enterprise 
and companies, trade mainl* 
with tiie mother country, an< 
sign a military assistance paci 
and you will be secure. France i 




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The army’s chief of st^f. ^ volaUlei they point out. ^ Mnns- 

Ehud Barak, said, “The mimter and it k conceivable that the dropped him and sent in 
was the action of a single indi- french may find themselves troo P 5 to “J® 1311 someone else. 
viduaL confronting their erstwhile Typically, when France in tex- 

“They canno t find anyone Hutu allies, since their mission venes, its -prestige' does not 
who could be blamed for being is partly to prevent them from plummet among African coun- 
unable to expect it, or predict it slaughtering Tutsis. tries; quite the contrary, it rises: 


much of a political liability m , r- 

September 1W - he was ac- “L™* «•' 

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in advance.” 

Jewish settlers were also hap- 
py that the report did not cast 
blame on them as a group for 
Dr. Goldstein’s actions. Elya- 
lrim Haetzni, a leader in Kiryat 
Aiba, the settlement adjacent to 
Hebron, said the report was 
“fair” and “balanced” and 
avoided “the Jewish weakness 
for self-hatred.” 

The commission found that 
Dr. Goldstein, who was killed 
by survivors immediately after 
the shootings, had planned his 
action. He made a point of pay- 


■llg ai R1UI VUICt. OUl UJC MUi«- . — w . _ . , _ . T , , . ... 

55k is volatile, they point out, J ” 1 ¥ora &* 

and it is conceivabJethat the Gripped him and sent m Sekcw Tourfe, the ramrng Marx r 
French may find themselves ^oops to install someone else, ist w ho ruled Guinea until 1 9&4 
confronting their erstwhile Typically, wb^i France inter- need not apply. 

Hutu allies, since their mission venes, its -prestige' does not 

is partly to prevent them from plummet among' African conn- « ' 

slaughtering Tutsis. tries; quite the contrary, it rises; £ FaHC6 Asserts 

SStSSi Patrols Can’t 

“ Protect Refugees 

launched its campaiga in 1990, . , , - • „ _ 

for not reining in the rebels. 33 for JP35J c 0 P 1 ™ on at PAJFUS French miiita -w 

_ _ , home, as one Western diplomat patrols have faiWi ki 13 ^ 

By extension, France also in Paris put h, “Here, the gov- to refiS^i^ d Mi l i W 

blames Bntarn for not pressing ernment has explaining to do and their R , wand j 

Uganda to do so. French poll- when ^oesn’i ^intervene to pro- Sunday the^veresnH?,^ l 
cymakers seem not to realize tec t French interests." to provSe y JSh s f^ U,g how l 

that the rules have changed and ^ t , pertnanent proteo I 

.v— u _t,»w .,r;nfliunni Tnc answer to the nddle of “On without settina un wl S 


m. 


ill 


m 

' T :. 

m 


7?* 


m 

'ei:J , 


reyrme. “the damage to the syv . broad disagreements auour 
tem would be sigmficant,” what is the b«t way 10 pursue 
gued one European official. . nuclear stability, orfiaals ana 

Added another Western offi- analysts say. Specifically, ther" 
dal: "Iran is watching this Is doiate about whether Was J 
whole tiring like a hawk, asking, ingtoo should go it alone in tu “ 
‘Do you get international coop-' nuclear security field as much 

eraticm .by- cooperating with' aspqsaWe, or whether h should 

safeguards or do you get coop-;, baud up multilateral institu-. 
eration by high-powoed con- tiears sudi as the International 
fron ration and bargaining?* ” . : Atomic Energy Agcnc)'. 

Indeed, ata time when nude-' A second problem is that the 1 

ar structures are rapidlv chang- UA officials concerned about J 
ing, the patitkal attention given sbfrin£ the immediate political 
to the North Korean case “is and military crisis in Korea are*! 
high everywhere,” said Hans not neocsrarily as concerted j 
Bfix, director-general of the about the future of the imeraa- I 






Ienge in the North Korean crisis nant security crisis of this era ^ 
is to reconcile two separate but and certainly of this admims- j 
related Objectives: to avoid war tratkm,” said David Kay, for- 
bn the Korean Peninsula over reef leader of the UN nuclear 
the nuclear issue, and to lay a inspection team in Irao and 
fbundatibriforapost-Orfd War' now a. 'Washington consultant , 
nuclear regime in which coun- “It’s so important and so po j 
tries tempted by North Korea’s tentiaTly explosive that y ou 
example are deterred from imi- want to manage and control il,**. 
tation. ^ he sakL ^So m. doing thaL you 

But at the Central iiitetii- forget about the institutional 
gpfice Agency, the Pentagon, interests of maintaining a 




. 'i 

m 


fsil 


= 52 & 3 fe- 


InternatHHial 
Herald Tribmie 
mis work 


py suxvtYora MiJ i ii ra ii. i i c ij iuicr nr*t vrhstY fhw once were. < - b*'* "iui 

the shootings, had planned his ^ 1101 1181 the ^ actions that others dare .riot 

action. He made a point of pay- But people have long memo- think about lies in the curious, 
ing off all his debts. The family ries in the region. The Tutsi symbiotic relationship that 
car was registered in his fathers’ rebels are suspicious of the Francxnirrtures with its former 
nam e, the report said. French, knowing that most past colonies. •" * 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 


Ukraine Unlikely to Rock Root 

Grudging Voter Support for President Expected 


■!&« 






By Steven Erlanger 

■ Vwi ‘ Turk Tunes Service 

KIEV — Ukraine has one of 
the weakest and least reformed 
e* -nomies in the former Soviet 
1 *" j* 1 ' w * 1 * 1 lts S 1 " 055 national 
duct plunging, factories 
sr. ttjng and workers unpaid 
e»-*n in a currency so weak it is a 
- n- on. tl joke. 

here are increasing divi- 
sions iietween east and west, 
T' e SP Ukrainian nationalists 
and Russian-speakers. There 
: squabbles with Russia over 
C ronea and the Black Sea Fleet. 
But as Ukrainians voted in 

1 presidential elections on Sun- 
day, the conventional opinion is 
that they will in the end re-elect 

*• the incumbent, Leonid M 

2 Kravchuk, 60, the fonner Com- 
ft rnurnst ideology secretary who 
4 led Ukraine to independence 
•«?. late in 1991. 

k '\', If Mr. Kravchuk wins, it is 
expected to be a narrow and 
h ' grudging victory over his main 
rival, former Prime Minister 
Leonid D. Kuchma, in a runoff. 
Mr . Kuchma, the former di- 
'ju rector of a nuclear-missile fac- 
$$ ; tor y fro™ eastern Ukraine, is 
?*£ calling for closer economic ties 
:*> Russia and a speedier pro- 
£§ gram of privatization and mar - 
ket changes. 

•/. But there is a field of seven 
in di dales, including the pow- 
f ul new chairman of Parlia- 
Oleksandr 0. Moroz, a 
P ro-Communist whose support 
. 'ferns to be increasing at Mr. 


Early results from Sunday's ropean western Ukrainians and 
balloting were expected bn may drag the country toward 


Monday. 

Mr. Kuchma, 55. has been 


partition or civil war. 

In a country with deep fears 


trying to move toward the cen- of disorder and memories of 
ter from his ethnic Russian base World War II battles, Mr. 
in eastern and southeastern Kravchuk's appeal resonates 
Ukraine, speaking in his newly and has softened some of the 
learned Ukrainian and soften- public anger over the economic 
ing earlier calls for Kiev to join mess. 

the ruble zone, a Russia-based The prospect of a President 
economic framework. Kuchma has so upset the na- 

But he stresses the need for a tionalist movement, Rukh, that 
weak and impoverished it has tad tjy thrown its support 
Ukraine to live realistically with to Mr. Kravchuk in the first 
Russia, on whom it depends for round, despite the candidacy of 


most of its trade and energy. 
He wants free trade between 


Volodymyr Lanoviy, a market 
reformer who had quit the gov- 


the countries — without speci- eminent, in disgust, 
lying what that would mean for The leader of Rukh. Vyaches- 
Ukraine's Soviet-style subsidies lav ChomoviL who ran against 
and controls over prices and Mr. Kravchuk in December 
foreign exchange — and a swap 1991, supports him now as the 
of the Ukrainian half of the safest choice. 


Black Sea Fleet for fuel and 
debt forgiveness. 

Attacked sometimes as a 
“traitor," Mr. Kuchma portrays 


Dmyiro Pavlychko, a demo- 
cratic nationalist and former 
deputy, said: “Kravchuk, de- 
spite his mistakes and imieci- 


himself as a patriot who values sjon. is viewed as the best bal- 


realism over nationalist sym- 
bols. It is Ukraine's unreformed 


ance between east and west 
Ukraine and the best guarantor 


economy and weak currency, he of peace with Russia and inside 
suggests, that has undermined the country. Kuchma is openly 
the state and created the desire calling for close ties with a Rus- 
in eastern Ukraine and Crimea sia that doesn't respect our sov- 



^ the two Koreas rnmOl { /mchma ' s expense 
Prepare for tal t aAnd if the ane 


jjAnd if the angry voters of 
nearby Belarus are any guide — 
an Thursday they gave more 


the best wa> io p© himself more vulnerable than 
r.uciezr itabilhv. officials • conventional wisdom assumes. 
Specifically , i 
debate about whether 


for closer ties to Moscow. 

But Mr. Kravchuk has 
shrewdly positioned himself as 
the best guarantor of Ukrainian 
independence, stability and civ- 
ic peace. 

Through his speeches and es- 
pecially the newspapers and 
state television, which be domi- 
nates. he avoids talking about 
the economy and instead accus- 
es Mr. Kuchma of trying to un- 
dermine Ukraine's fragile inde- 
pendence. 

He paints Mr. Kuchma as an 
unpredictable leader who will 
not represent the interests of 
the more nationalistic, pro-Eu- 


ereignty. 


irvkri Fiik-k ' The A-oivuicd Prvw. 

BERLIN BIDS FAREWELL TO RUSSIANS — A Berliner giving a flower to a soldier of Russia's 6th Motorized 
Defense Brigade after a farewell parade watched by thousands. By September, all Russian troops are to have left 


Bihac, a Bosnia Ghost Town With 50,000 Lost Souls 


By Roger Cohen 

New York Tima Service 

BIHAC, Bosnia- Herzegovina 
— When the sun sets on Bihac, 
the town is plunged into black- 
ness. Nobody moves and there 


mountains. Oa top of them, by the Serbs. Cut off from Sara- including about 200 killed since when he defected and has since 
surrounding the Muslim popu- jevo, largely forgouen by the government forces unleashed a fashioned economic alliances 
lation of this abandoned place, rest of the world, this (own of powerful assault on Mr. Ab- with the Krajina Serbs and Cro- 


are Serbian forces. 

Bihac by night looks a lot like 
the end of the world. And in 


50,000 people has been shelled die’s forces two weeks ago in an 


is scarcely a sound, save that of many ways, that is just what 
howling dogs and desultory ma- this Muslim enclave in western 
chine-gun fire. Faintly visible Bosnia has become after more 
are the silhouettes of nearby than two years of encirclement 


back into the 19 tb century. attempt to recapture his strong- 
On the main street, there are hold at Velika KJadusa. 
more horse-drawn carts than “It’s absolutely tragic 


aria. He calls these deals models 
for Bosnian peace; the Muslim- 
led Bosnian government calls 
them acts of self-interested and 
cowardly betrayal. 


Pa ge 5 

China Sets 
Price Rises 
To Bolster 
Its Harvest 

By Patrick E. Tyler 

New York Tima Service 

BEIJING — Fearing a poor 
harvest, which could add to so- 
da! instability in China, the 
Communist Party leadership 
has approved price increases of 
40 percent for wheat, rice and 
other grains. 

The price of grain, particular- 
ly of wheat and rice, is the most 
sensitive item in the household 
budget for most of China’s 1.2 
billion people. The price in- 
creases, approved this month, 
represent an urgent attempL by 
China's leaders to enlarge the 
harvest by making farming 
more lucrative. 

Officials said top leaders had 
decided not to publicize the 
new price increases, fearing that 
they would touch off panic buy- 
ing across the country. State- 
run news organizations were 
told not to report the increases. 
Chinese journalists said. 

The increases followed an ap- 
peal to farmers by Deputy 
Prime Minister Zhu Rongji last 
month to increase grain pro- 
duction to forestall a food cri- 
sis. Official projections showed . 
a 12 percent decline in grain * 
crop acreage sown this summer. • 

Millions of fanners are leav- 
ing the land to Find jobs in 
towns and dues because Lheir 
income cannot compete with 
even low-paying construction - 
jobs in many of the fast-devel- * 
oping coastal provinces. 


•” r.: r should zo n aloneit-* 
r.w.'.cir »r»uril\ field is c 
pc ■> sib!;, or t- heiher it 4 
b-ili _r multilateral in; 
such a* the Interna 
Energy Agency. 

A second problem is tk 
'-.5 concerned r 

•‘•■'lir "!g the immediate pot 
sr.c rr_i:iar\ ensii in Kora 
necesNiriK as come 
a'-vut the future of ihemt 
u ■ r.2\ sLCiear regime. 

"North Korea ii the J 
r, :?- T - security crisis of (fe 
certainly of this tfs 
traitor.." snd Di'-id K*. 
*r.rr Jeader of the UNe. 
inspection team in \a 
j, Vs ishmgton conzL 
•j. i. » important anc ; 
icrttiiii* explosne £ 
v. in f.p manege and cor 
he viiid. "S: in doing: 
-.772s; about the in>.- 
'"’e’lO.s of niatrs!. - -' 
and liable" r.e.~ 
rrouferation regime. 


ii/hvs Involvement 


AMEBICAW 

TOPICS 


Greeting to World’s Cap Fans: 
Hus Visit May Be Hazardous 

Eye-catching signs have been posted 
at Customs and Immigration stations in 
airports serving the nine American dues 
playing host to the World Cup soccer 
tournament. 

“Be alert in crowds — on busy streets, 
on public transportation, at public 
events, etc..” Jbe colorful 24>by-56-inch 
posters want.- “Keep a-firm gripdfayotir 
possessions, and don't, be distracted.” 

That's one of 27 warnings, in basic 
English, an five different posters created 
by the National Crime Prevention Coun- 
cil, a private Washington- based public 
interest group. It says that since foreign- 
ers recently have been targets of violent 
crimes from Miami to California, those 
flocking to the World Cup games aren't 
likely to be exceptions. 

Pocket-size brochures duplicating the 
poster warnings are also bang distribut- 
ed. 

Other warnings, include: “Go with a 
friend or in a group; it's safer than going 


r man'- of ihe:n- » mend or in a group; it s safer 
.*-as "not a mens alone.” “Don’t wear expensivi 
0 r with Eawpt display large amounts of casi 
a oraduatims places.” when driving, “Keep all car 
" \ .7, * ic»- doors locked and windows rolled up at 
811 timcs -" 

~~?'~£.cc held toKtlJ-. 

3 M.“tove of rres*; 
f :,7 ± ; conviction 
;he center ot ui tcE 

was 3 

par. ‘.Allow SEDUCTIVE CINEMA: 

ir^ The Art o! Silent Film 

-ail 4 : the moth*' By Jana Card. Illustrated 319 

x :±r- ^ pages. $35. Alfred A. Knopf. 

I " j \l?U " jftrf _ . _ _ 

r - rrop Reviewed by Margo 

JdTttsoo; 

■' r - ich '^YI/E had faccs > dien! cries 

Frenen _j e jf $ft yy Nonna Desmond, the de- 
i,my tc* v* - throned and deranged alent- 
velors ja. ; movie actress played by Gloria 

T-^Setnak* 1 * ^ Swanson in “Sunset Boule- 
s-r vard.” They did, .and they had 

0 ruled J bodies, too, alive to every flick- 
Jpciy- a- of expression. 

-■*** " Watching “The Cabinet of 

a Doctor Caligari” in 1926, Vir- 
r As^ginia Woolf thought the film 

trails - , got at something beyond the 

1- Gall l grasp of any novelist: “some 
Patrol* ^ secret language, which we fed 

* .tjijfilff and see, but never sp^k. 

p-ntect Having watched it agam and 

* ir> again between the 1920s and the 

Prtndi 5 1990s, James Card remains m 

— ry r ..,*th--Tr iiwt to the aemomc 


Short Takes 

Guayabera shirts are the summer uni- 
form for employees of sweltering Dade 
County. Florida, which includes Miami. 
A guayabera is a loose-fitting, comfort- 
able, front-pleated, four-pocketed shirt 
worn by men all over Latin America and 
the Caribbean. It is not only comfort- 
able. it is a political statement, according 
to the county commission chairman, Ar- 
thur Tede. In Miami, where roughly half 
of the 2 million people are Hispanic. 
“Wearing a guayabera is a way of dem- 
onstrating, without words or explana- 
tion, an acceptance of another culture," 
he says. The guayabera is thought to take 
its name from a region in Cuba. Sancti 
Spiritus, which was rich in guava 
(guayabo) trees. The residents were 
called guayaberos. The shins are said to 
have been designed with plenty of pock- 
ets to bold the fruit 
Each year in toe United States, 6,000 
babies die in their cribs of sudden infant 
death syndrome. Perhaps 2,000 such crib 
deaths could be prevented if babies were 
put to sleep on their sides or backs in- 
stead of on their stomachs, according to 
the U.S. surgeon general’s office and 
other health organizations. Putting in- 
fants to sleep on thedr stomachs, for , 
reasons that are still unclear, increases 
the risk of crib death. “SIDS is one of 1 
medicine’s unsolved mysteries, ” despite | 
intense research, said Dr. Duane Alexan- 
der, a federal health official. “But face- 
down sleeping has given us a risk factor 
that we can do something about.” 


many ways, that is just what 1110116 horse-drawn carts than “It’s absolutely tragic and it them acts of self-interested and 

this Muslim enclave m western cars - move slowly past looks like a fight to the finish," cowardly betrayal. 

Bosnia has become after more sandbagged storefronts, cany- said a Western diplomat. “But g Heavy Fighting in North T? ».« _ -w rr 

than two years of encirclement mg loads of firewood, the sole nobody seems to give a damn." R -.' n t f _ TMIHVe WritCT 

source of heat. Cattle and goats Bosnia’s president. Alija Izet- t ^ . . . 

graze by the roadside. begovic. has not visited since ^S^n^n^ifion^Tn In Bangladesh 

Many people spend the dav the start of the Bosnian war in o P -° S,t, A 0 ” S *™**&™*™** 

In Woodstock, Georgia, who sitting by the road staring va- 1992, and his absence seems to S^day Seeks U.S. Help 

r unruly 9-year-old son in cantly into space, apparently have left many residents with a ^ 

t. ... _i r stunned hv the an«tuish the war the iirmrMtmn that there irom Sarajevo, quoting a UIN Remm 


Bosnia’s presidenL Alija Izet- 
bcgovic. has not visited since 


A woman id Woodstock, Georgia, who 
slapped her unruly 9-year-old son in 
public is now facing a felony charge of 
cruelty to children, the Atlanta Journal- 
Constitution reports. Police handcuffed 
the mother, Lynn Kiri, took mug shots 
and jailed her until her husband could 
raise bad set at $22,050. Mrs. Kiri said 
her son. Chuck, had been misbehaving 
and had started pickin|; on his 12-year- 
old sister, Sarah. “1 tola him. 'You don't 
speak to anybody that way.' He shot 
back, ‘I'm not talking to you.'” She 
slapped him across the face. A store 
employee phoned the police. Mrs. Kiri 
was charged with causing “excessive 
physical or mental pain,” punishable by 
one to 20 years in prison. 


More and more amateur gardeners are 
making the best of limited space with 
espaliers (pronounced es-PAL-yers). 
shrubs and trees that have been trained 
to grow flat against a wall or fence, or as 
free-standing dividers. People with the 
time and patience can espalier young 
plants themselves; others can purchase 
them for roughly $50 to $200. “Garden 
space seems to be shrinking and I’ve seen 
a terrific increase in demand for these 
plants," said Mark Marko of Monrovia 
Nursery in Azusa, California. John San- 
tas of the Poundridge Nursery in Pound 
Ridge, New York, said, “Five years ago I 
bought 25 espaliers for our spring and 
summer season. This year l bought 95. 
And most of them are already gone.” 

International Herald Tribune. 


Many people spend the day the start of the Bosnian war in 
sitting by the road staring va- 1992, and his absence seems to 
cantly into space, apparently have left many residents with 
stunned by the anguish the war the impression that there is 
has brough t the Muslims of this scant hope or concern for them, 
once-prosperous farming area. The Bihac conflict is many- 
“ At least Sarajevo now has a sided and brutal, even by the 
road in, but we are still sur- convoluted standards of Bos- 
rounded,” said Ifeta Ibredzic. a nia. Its complexity, and the al- 
schooheacher who went with- most universal pessimism of 
out pay for eight momhs before people here, suggest that an end 
receiving about $100 in Deut- to the 26-month-old Bosnian 
sche marks from the local au- war is still far off. Soldiers talk 
thorities this week. “My family of fighting their way out of iso- 
survives on homemade pasta lation by securing a land link 
and what we can grow in our with Sarajevo — an enterprise 
garden. I try to hope, but often I against entrenched and heavily 
feel we have just been aban- armed Serbian forces that 
doned, by the Sarajevo govern- would surely take years. 


Protection Force spokesman. 

The fighting, in violation of a 
truce agreement, has been con- 
centrated around Mount Ozren. 
where the Serbs have evacuated 
several villages in the face of the 
Bosnian offensive. Commander 
Eric Chaperon said. 

United Nations observers 
have had to follow the progress 
of the fighting mostly from the 
air, since both sides have denied 
them access to the region. 


i, by the Sarajevo govern- would surely take years. 

and by the whole world." • For two years already, to the Tehran Says Suspect 
But it is not just abandon- south and the east, the hastily \ r 

ment that afflicts Bihac. the formed Fifth Corps of the Bos- r lanned a AlOSque Blast 
largest town in an encircled nian Army has been fighting a 
Bosnian pocket where more rear-guard action against the 


Bosnian pocKet wnere more 
than 190.000 Muslims live. 
Since September, the pocket 


Bosnian Serbs, ensuring that 
Bihac was not "ethnically 


Rollers 

TEHRAN — Iran said it had 


Roaers f 

DHAKA. Bangladesh — 
Taslima Nasreen. a fugitive : 
feminist writer faring an arrest , 
warrant and a death decree - 
from Muslim fundamentalists, 
has asked for asylum in the ’ 
United States, newspapers in , 
Bangladesh said Sunday. 

She has requested the inter- 1 
national women’s committee of ! 
the writers’ group PEN, based ’ 
in New York, to lobby the U.S. ' 
government, the official Ban- ' 
gladesh Times said. 

The independent daily New • 
Nation gave details of her re- 
quest to PEN. 

Muslim fundamentalists- 
were outraged when Miss Nas- 
reen, 31, was quoted by India’s 


has been ravaged by a fierce cleansed," emptied of non- 
internecine conflict between Serbs like the town of Prijedor 
Muslims loyal to the govern- or brought to its knees like Gor- 


tnent and others backing a 
wealthy businessman named 
Fikret Abdic, who has de- 
nounced what he calls the de- 


azde. 

To the west He the Serbian 
forces occupying the devastated 
Krajina area of Croatia. Their 


arrested a member of the Iraqi- c * UOIca s 

based opposition group Muja- Stajestnan newspaper as saying 
hidin Khalq who it raid had Idam s holy book, toe Ko- 
been planning to bomb a ran V 1 sh °^ * *?P r - 

raosque in Iran, siate-ron Teh- ®«sWy- She has denied making 
ran radio reported on Sunday. Wc comment. 

The radio said the suspect The government ordered her 
had given the authorities mfor- surest after The Bangladesh 


structive Muslim nationalism of whim dictates how much Unit- 


he Sarajevo government and 
declared autonomy in the 
northern third of the enclave. 


ed Nations food aid reaches Bi- 
hac from Zagreb, the Croatian 
capital. Usually the answer is 


This mini war within toe wid- very littie. 
er Bosnian conflict has already And to the north there is Mr. 
left more than 600 people dead. Abdic, who look two brigades 
Western military observers say, of toe Fifth Corps with him 


BOOKS 


WHAT THEY'RE HEADING 


’ 'rry ic 

ve.'orH 

t- v-Kenuk* 1 * 


- • Erin Faberty-Mefla, execu- 
tive radio producer at Unesco, 
is reading “ Wananturraganya : 
The Story of Jack McPhce"’ by 
Sally Morgan. 

“Even though Jack McPhee, 
an aborigine, says he feels frus- 
trated trying to explain things 
lb outsiders because ‘their 
minds think a different way’, 
his story widens one’s sense of 
the brotherhood of man." 

(I Use Gersten, IHT) 



tor of the film department at the five films a week. Card had sat in 
prestigious George Eastman just about every one. 

House of Photography in Rocb- He had gotten his first hand- 
ester, New York- cranked home projector in 

“The Seductive Cinema” is 1921. By high school, he was 
his tale of a medium and a pas- renting Douglas Fairbanks’ 


“The Seductive Cinema” is 1921. By high school, he was 
his tale of a medium and a pas- renting Douglas Fairbanks’ 
sion. By the end, you too will be “Robin Hood” and John Barry- 
a wiTtfng captive. more’s “Tempest,” and show- 

The tale begins in Cleveland ing them to local audiences, 
in 1920. Houses had phono- Movies were still considered a 


and illusion,” Card recalls. 
And they were cheap. Imag- 
ine, he says, “an entertainment 
that was immediately accessible 
to the illiterate, to the immi- 
grants who hadn't yet learned 
the language of their new home 
but were perfectly able to un- 
derstand toe nuances of panto- 
mime that they encountered in 
the nickelodeons, where the 
movies first met their public." 

By the time he came to (he 
Eastman House in 1948. Card 
had a collection of some 800 

films His department built a 

major archive, and he does not 
%films a week, Caro had sat in conceal his glee over the fact that 
st about every one. in 1952 the Museum of Modern 

He had gotten his first hand- Art, which had been collecting 
anked home projector in films since 1935. began to bor- 
21. By high school, he was row and exhibit his holdings. 


planning the second version of 
“The 10 Command men is." The 
jawbone of an ass was lying on 
the desk of his “Mussolini-sized 
office"; he picked it up and 
brandished it. “showing me how 
Samson, even without toe direc- 
tion of Cecil B. DeMille. could 
have wielded it as lethally as did 
Victor Mature." but refused to 
let the Eastman House staff 
make copies of his films on the 
grounds that writers who viewed 
them might steal his plots. 

Anecdotes are unfurled and 
facts are corrected. D.W. Grif- 
fith did not shoot toe first close- 
up, as he claimed. The first 
close-up was shot bv James 
Williamson in the 1901 British 
film "The Swallow." in which a 
man approached the camera. 


tronized as all id and no craft, 
could give her director a lesson 
in filmmaking. While she was 


motion on a man who they said Times reprinted toe Statesman 
was involved m toe bombing on article on June 4. A fundameo- 
Mondav of a shrme m toe Mus- talist leader. Mufti Naznil Is- 
lun holy aty of Meshhed in lam, later offered a $2,500 re- 
wiuch 25 people died. ward for her death. 

BRIDGE 

By Alan Truscott opponent has barked in that , 

C ONSIDER toe following sin'L He knows that West began 
experts: David Berkowio* Aarapnds. and must 

Jim Cayne. Larry Cohen. Bob- erf toe seven 

by Levku Michael Rosenberg, J?™? 1 v, ^° f r the b,d * n > 

A i.n <5™,™ V That leaves room for one club. 


Alan Son tag, Kaihie Wei-Send- 
er and Zia. One might think this 


making “It.” Clarence Badger a list of contenders in toe Gold- 
told Vict to gaze at her sweet- man Pairs, and many of them 


That leaves room for one club. 

So South wins toe heart re- 
turn with the ace, leads to the 


A museum official had dis- appeared 10 swallow it and toe 
missed him as a “buff" who pre- photographer, toen retreated. 


fared trivia to art. Perhaps the 
official was right. Card writes, 
“but hundreds of great films that 


s» 


- they for nearly 30 years 

s 

_ — 4 R** 

Ml --V 

- -s 

■ 'LA 

:^ r 7^ te? 1 

- :rr5 ^ 


munching on both. 

Card reappraises toe legend- 
ary (Griffith. Barrymore. Erich 
von Stroheim), and he reintro- 
duces the obscure. 

How nice to learn that toe 
vibrant Clara Bow, often pa- 


heart with an expression of “lin- 
gering calflike longing." 

The calflike longing was fol- 
lowed by a look of lurid pas- 
sion. then one of chasie appeal. 
Badger stopped toe camera and 
asked what was going on. 

Bow explained that the first 
expression was for “the lovesick 
dames," toe second for the boys 
and toeir papas and the third 
for the old women, who would 
decide that she was pure after 
all, "and having got me mixed 
up with the character I'm play- 
ing. they’d come again when my 
next picture showed up." 

Card reminds us that silent 
film was. and always should be, 
accompanied by music. It is not 
silent; it is speechless. And it 
can leave you breathless. 

Margo Jefferson is on (he staff 
of The New York Times. 


man Pairs, and many of them confidently fi- 

wer p nesses the jack. Then toe ace 


CALLING ONE FOREIGN COUNTRY 

O M ANOTHER IS NO 

ECRET 

I7H THESE SIMPLE ACC ESS 

CODES 


COUNTRIES 


AFRICA 

t enyn J 
South Africa f 

AMERICAS 

Aigvima 

lH'i'-ll 

W'ft IPn oa. . 

Bofa.u 

8<aM 

Canada — 

an» 

Colombia . Ene£,b 

Colombia - Spanhh 

C£“,ia fcuj + 
tCuadoi V 
ilSahador , 
fSuaftroaio 4 
HoRduiai A 
Mu'ica 
Nicaragua 
Femme 
faioguv. Ac 
PeiB < 

fiaib Mco - 
USJl. - 

US. Viigin Mandt - 

Utug>ja, ■ 

KalfcMuela fiyl'J' 
I'-flMwIa SP" 1 >'*: 


ACCE5S NUMBERS 


o&.»* 

US-.-/J1- 

1 -BOO-HA7-1IOOO 
0Q4O3I? 
980-130-010 
980-130-110 


COUNTRIES 


ASIA 

American Samoa 
Australia 

Ainlralia 
China 4 
Hong Kang 
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India * 

Jndonrua 


1-100-877-8000 
l -800-877-8000 
1 -BOO-177 -8000 


Philippine itTPI itation 
Philippine, (PhOCornl 

rhilippin*, IflDTl 

Saipan 

finaan and Rata 


CARIBBEAN 


ACCESS NUMBERS 


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108-13 
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Oil 

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009-16 
sso^Fona 
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COUNTRIES 


BarbcrfM) 

1 * iniucto . 

Brifiih Vugin hi. A 
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1, m-rad & l.'rfyigc c' 

EUROPE 

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were. 

It is. however, a rosier of ce- 
lebrities who have been lectur- 
ing at Honors Club, New York. 
At an earlier lecture, the prob- 
lem of finding the club queen 
on the diagramed deal was dis- 
cussed. 

South lands in three clubs af- 
ter West has opened with one 
diamond and raised toe re- 
sponse of one heart. West cash- 
es two diamond winners and 
leads a third round. South of 
course plays dummy's ten, and 
East ruffs and leads toe queen 
of hearts. 

At this point Sou to should 
know the full distribution, 
thanks to a dog-in- to e-night 
clue. Just as Sherlock Holmes 
drew a vital inference from the 
failure of a dog to bark in toe 
night, so South can conclude 
that toe opposing spades are 
divided four-four, since neither 


ACCESS NUMBERS 


1-800-877-8000 

IKCb.’).®?’ 

f -BOO-877 >8000 
1-800-751-7877 

I -000877 8CCT' 
(01 BOD 7<j 1 1 1 1 

187 

I Ntfl 

3 


023-9034)14 
078-114)014 
00-800-1010 
(KOSOVO l 
00424)87.187 
■00143877 
9800-14)384 
19900(7 
01300013 
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00980001477 
999-003 
1-80045-2001 
173-1877 
1554777 
*•197 

LbOj Lilli 

1990087 
06*02341 19 
800-19-877 
0010-4804)1 IS 


removes East's queen, and the 
contract is safe. Dummy is en- 
tered with a spade lead to the 
king, and a heart loser is dis- 
carded on the diamond queen. 


NORTH 
+ K 6 4 
0 74 2 
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INTERNATIONAL 


tribune 


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Talks With North Korea 


President Bill Clinton’s announceroeni 
S? Wednesday came as a relief: North 
*j-Orea had persuaded him that it was 
^Pending its nuclear program for now; 
consequenliy. the United "States would 
resume high-level talks with the North on 
■’wy 8. Mr. Clinton paid tribute to Jimmy 
~®rter’s mission 1 c Pyongyang. - “It is the 
“Riming of a new stage in our efforts to 
P“J^ u e a non-nuclear Korean Peninsula.” 
^Now that nuclear diplomacy with 
w orth Korea is finally getting back to the 
negotiating table where it belongs. Presi- 
“ enl Clinton has to keep it there. He can 
£?»roplish that by cutting through the 
bickering in his own administration and 
fating his personal stamp on a sound 
U.S. negotiating strategy. To do that he 
bas to be clear in his own mind about the 
basic objectives: first, to make the sus- 
Pjpasion permanent by dismantling the 
North’s nuclear program: second, to learn 
as much as he can about North Korea's 
past efforts to divert plutonium: third, tc 
curb North Korea's missile exports. 

The president’s immediate task, how- 
ever, is to design a convincing package of 
inducements. The package would provide 
new nuclear reactors to "replace the ones 
the North now has. It would promise full 
diplomatic recognition as well as a peace 
treaty formally ending the Korean War. 
And it would detail some of the economic 
benefits to flow from a new relationship. 

The North’s commitment to allow in- 
spectors to monitor its nuciear reactor 
and reprocessing plant will ensure, a; 


least for now. that additional plutonium 
—enough to build five bombs — will not 
be extracted from the spent fuel rods now 
stored in cooling tanks at Yongbyon. Bui 
these Fuel rods must be disposed of soon. 
That is an urgent task for the talks. 

The North has also agreed not to re- 
load its reactor for now. keeping it from 
generating more spent fuel that could be 
turned into plutonium for bombs. The 
task for the talks is to get North Korea to 
agree not to reload ever again, and to get 
an effective ban on reprocessing. That 
ban could be worked out in talks between 
the two Koreas. So it is good news that 
President Kim 11 Sung is arranging to 
meet South Korea's president. 

Perhaps the trickiest task facing U.S. 
negotiators is finding out how far along 
Pyongyang's nuclear program actually is. 
The North has not yet allowed interna- 
tional inspectors to determine whether it 
extracted a bomb's worth of plutonium in 
1989. but it has indicated that it would 
accept special inspections to get at the 
past as pan of an overall settlement. 

The Carter mission was a big plus for 
both sides. The veiy presence of a former 
president of the United States reassured 
Mr. Kim thaL Washington was sincere 
about improving relations. 

Mr. Carter helped Mr. Clinton regain 
his footing. Now the president needs to 
put together a persuasive diplomatic 
package to coax North Korea to become 
truly nuclear-free. 

— THE SEW YORK TIMES. 


Wanted, a Cool European 


The European Union has been given a 
chance for second thoughts. To be pre- 
cise, its politicians have been given an- 
other chance to ask themselves what sort 
of Europe their peoples really want. 

There was nothing elegant about Sat- 
urday’s British veto of Jean-Luc Dehaene 
as the next leader of the European Com- 
mission. If has tossed the Union into yet 
another crisis. Britain's prime minister. 
John Major, did it at least partly for 
motives of domestic political conve- 
nience. Nevertheless, the result is right. 
Mr. Dehaene was the wrong man for the 
job, on two counts. 

First, be was too obviously being 
pushed into the post on a sudden German^ 
French bandwagon. The announcement at 
Mulhouse less than a month ago that Mr. 
Dehaene was the choice of Helmut Kohl 
and Francois Mitterrand raised eyebrows 
in places well beyond Britain. As late as 
Friday, Mr. Dehaene had the backing of 
governments responsible for less than two- 
thirds of the Union’s population. 

It has always been accepted that a new 
leader of the Commission must be chosen 
by unanimity. The case for consensus is 
even stronger at the present stage of the 
Union’s life, when it has to choose be- 
tween rwo very different roads into the 
future. At sucli a moment, an attempt by 
one group of governments to hustle ev- 
erybody into a hasty decision about a 
job as 'important as the Commission's 
leadership would be liable to return the 
Union to disunion. 

The other argument against Mr. De- 
haene is that he too clearly prefers one of 
those two roads. He is not. unlike the 
departing Jacques Delors, an ideologue 
of a federal Europe. He is a fixer more 
than a philosophizer. But he plainly fa- 
vors an even stronger central government 
for Europe. His own country. Belgium. 


has less sense of a separate national iden- 
tity than any of the Union's other II 
members. The continuing reluctance of 
many ordinary Europeans to move fur- 
ther along the federal road was under- 
lined. yet again, in this month's elections 
to the European Parliament. To put a 
man of Mr. Dehaene's convictions at the 
Lop of the European bureaucracy would 
have seemed an attempt to ride rough- 
shod over that reluctance. 

So who does get the job? Germany and 
France can hardly propose Mr. Dehaene 
again at the new conference summoned 
for July 15. because Mr. Major says he 
will not retreat from his veto. His own 
preferred candidate. Leon Brit tan. is al- 
most certainly out. The original favorite. 
Ruud Lubbers of the Netherlands, would 
still make a good Commission leader, but 
to give him the post now would need a 
switch by Messrs. Kohl and Mitterrand. 

Otherwise it will have to be a new 
contender capable of collecting the con- 
sensus. There is Peter Sutherland, who 
comes from strongly pro-Europe Ireland, 
has run GATT well and can probably 
overcome the current coolness toward 
him of Ireland's prime minister. There is 
Renato Ruggiero, a respected Italian ex- 
minisler long familiar with Brussels. 
.And there is a rich collection of bright 
Frenchmen whose eyes may be turning 
toward the Union’s politics: Michel Ro- 
card. Valery Giscard d’Estaing, conceiv- 
ably even Edouard Balladur. 

The next president of the Commission 
should be a man who wants to widen the 
Union eastward, to take in the new de- 
mocracies of Central Europe, but who 
does not seek an overcentralized Union. 
That is the combination the people of 
Europe seem to prefer, and it is their chief 
civil servant’s job to provide it. 
international herald tribune 


Electric Cars Aren’t Ready 


Electric cars offer one very important 
advantage. Unlike cars that run on gaso- 
line, they produce no smog to pollute 
cities’ air. But they also have one serious 
disadvantage. They don’t exist — not, at 
least, at a stage of development that al- 
lows people to use them as they now 
typically use their cars. 

They have the look of the future about 
them, and a lot of companies arc working 
on technologies to extend their range. 
California will require the automobile 
companies to begin selling them by the 
end of the decade. The Environmental 
Protection Agency has to decide by No- 
vember whether to impose a similar rule 
on the East Cost from Maine down to 
Northern Virginia, a strip of states that 
are under federal orders to get their smog 
levels down. Hearings axe under way. 

Requiring a certain percentage of cars 
sold to be electric is an idea with a lot of 
appeal. Last winter the Northeastern 
stales voted. 9 to 4. in favor of recom- 
mending it to the EPA. 

Appealing or not. a legal requirement 
is unwise. Mandating technological pro- 
gress by law has been tried many times in 
America's efforts roprotect and improve 
the environment Sometimes it works, 
sometimes not. but the principle is dan- 
gerous. It is much more efficient for gov- 


ernment to set the standards that an in- 
dustry has to meet — in this case, auto 
emissions standards — and let the manu- 
facturers figure out how to meet them. 

That is what one advocacy organiza- 
tion. the Environmental Defense Fund, 
has proposed. It wants less smog, but it 
would give automakers the flexibility to 
meet tighter limits however they can do it 
most effectively. That might even include 
buying pollution rights from other indus- 
tries — a power company, for example 
that had found cheaper ways to cut down 
its own emissions of those same gases. 

Suppose the EPA mandated electric 
cars Ln the Washington region, and they 
were to derelop slowly at high cost. ; o 
make the required sales, the manufactur- 
ers would have to subsidize them by rais- 
ing the prices of other cars. The economic 
burden on consumers could be huge. 

The auto companies say that the elec- 
tric car will be extremely expensive. If 
they are right, the market needs the lati- 
tude to turn to other solutions while the 
engineers continue to work on batteries. 
But if the electric car can be built as 
rapidly and inexpensively as its support- 
ers believe, no legal mandate will be 
needed. It will emerge naturally as the 
solution for smog-ridden cities. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 



j International Herald Tribune 

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MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 


I N I O ‘N 


The World Trade Organization Is Unlikely to Wbrk 


T OKYO — One or the great 
delusions of the day is the 
belief that the impending cre- 
ation of the World Trade Orga- 
nization will produce a surge in 
international trade. 

Received wisdom in America 
has the WTO turning the results 
of the Uruguay Round of trade 
talks under the old, looser 
GATT arrangement into a giant 
push for unlettered internation- 
al competition, bringing major 
benefits to American consumers 
and businesses. New mecha- 
nisms for resolving trade dis- 
putes are advertised as shielding 
future generations against perni- 
cious protectionism. A boost in 
global prosperity is around the 
comer, if only special interests 
wishing to prevent U.S. ratifica- 
tion can be kept at bay. 

Were it but true. 

More likely is a hastening of 
the day when bilateral reprisals 
will threaten to end the relatively 
free international exchange of 
economic opportunities that 
GATT was designed to promote. 
For the assortment of trade ne- 
gotiators and GATT officials 
who rushed the Uruguay Round 
to a putatively successful con- 
clusion have danced around the 
biggest obstacle to a smoothly 


By Karel van Wo Here n 

This is ihc first of mt? articles. 


functioning trade regime — the 
incompatibility of institutions 
that characterize the economies 
of main participants. 

Failure to deal with this in- 
compatibility has long nullified 
the intended rewards of trade 
negotiation and has diminished 
GATT as an effective guardian 
over the laudable effort to pro- 
mote a maximum of consumer, 
welfare around the world. 

The rationale for the old 
GATT and the new WTO is that 
public interest is served by free 
trade, and chat groups which 
may experience disadvantage 
from free trade need to be re- 
strained from using their politi- 
cal influence against it. But a 
properly functioning interna- 
tional trade regime presupposes 
commonality of purpose. 

Some countries do not share 
the American, and essentially 
also European, view that the pur- 
pose of economic activity is con- 
sumer welfare. They may view it 
as a means to attain other ends 
more political than economic in 
nature. In the Japanese case, with 
which I am most familiar, expan- 


sion of productive capacity is in- 
extricably tied up with an unex- 
amined (but assumed) struggle 
for national power. 

If companies are encouraged 
to export regardless of profit, as 
Japanese companies are, con- 
sumers in the target country are 
served for a while; but the result- 
ing erosion of that country’s in- 
dustrial base will eventually 
make its consumers less wealthy 
and push many of (hem into 
unemployment. 

This example also happens to 
contain the cause of America’s 
biggest international economic 
problem: the incompatibility be- 
tween Japanese and American 
economic organizations. 

U.S. corporations are legal en- 
tities with identifiable owners 
whose relations and transactions 
with other economic organiza- 
tions are ultimately aimed at 
profit m akin g. Big Japanese 
companies axe sociopolitical en- 
tities that own each other. Their 
transactions are ultimately di- 
rected by mutual protection and 
the attainment of shared, long- 
range expansionary goals. 


How else to explain the con- 
tinued massive exports by many 
Japanese companies at a time 
. when, thanks to the sharp faQ of 
the dollar and other currencies 
relative to the yen, the prices 
they realize do not coyer fixed 
costs, much less return a profit? 

Other examples of institution-, 
al incompatibility abound. 

U.S. antitrust law curtails col- 
lective exploitation of the mar- 
ketplace; Japanese antitrust law 
is not worth the paper it is written 
on. Industrial associations to 
which Japanese companies in a 
particular sector must belong, are 
endowed with extralegal power 
that seventy curtails independent 
corporate (mason-making. 

Many large Japanese commer- 
cial banks, and even larger num- 
bers of nonbank financial institu- 
tions. are technically bankrupt by 
Western accounting standards: 
yet the protective institutional 
web in which they are embedded 
has allowed them to subsidize 
manufacturers which have lost 
heavily oh their exports' in their 
drive for market share. 

Indeed, the consolidation of 
economic power by keiretsu (in- 
terrelated companies) and bu- 
reaucracy-tinked industrial asso- 
ciations in the 1970s and ’80s 


made the distinction betwTCfi 

gsassssg 

To single out -one Japanese 
institution: The officials of 
Ministry of Finance are essen- 
tially accountable to no one 
not to the prime aawstcr. tne 
finance minister, the Diet or t.- 
media. Yet they have the infor- 
mal right to intervene in ever> 
Japanese financial transaction. 

They can determine interest 
pumnain the stock market 
at a level they want so ns to 
prevent economic breakdown, 
and ultimately decide which cor- 
porations receive credit and 
which do not. They monopolize 
vital informa tion, without wiuch 
outsiders, such as ambitious pol- 
iticians, cannot control them. 

As the politically driven Japa- 
nese economy has grown to.be- 
cotne the second largest in the 
' world, the incompatibilities turn 
into .ever. more, formidable 
causes of economic conflict. 

The writer, a political analyst 
Dying in Japan, is author of "The 
Enigma of Japanese. Power" fie 
contributed this comment to The 
Washington Post. 


Lefs Have Second Thoughts About the Globalized Economy 


P ARIS — It is distinctly possible that 
the United States will not accept ibe 
trading reforms won from Europe and 
Asia last year at the cost of much inter- 
national uproar and reciprocal national 
blackmail. President Bill Clinton told the 
Business Roundtable in Washington last 
week that top executives must do every- 
thing they can to get the GATT reform 
legislation through Congress this Year, be- 
cause if they don't it may never pass in 
internationally acceptable form 
Congress has decided that it does not 
like the looks of the new World Trade 
Organization that is to replace GATT 
and discipline world trade. They think it 
may prove too powerful. It will certainly 
limit the United Slates’ ability to apply 
unilateral and arbitrary trade reprisals, 
as it does now. Republicans m particular 
are against changes that are supposed to 
take place in U.S. budget rules concern- 
ing lost tariff income. 

Trade legislation is an extremely dull 
subject to those not professionally devot- 
ed to the matter, such as Washington 
lobbyists whose business clients want 
more free trade for themselves but less 
for their competitors. However, it would 
be a remarkable humiliation for the 
United States if Congress rejected the 
outcome of the intense and complicated 
Uruguay Round negotiations, which be- 


By William Pfaff 

gan eight years ago and were finally 
signed in Marrakesh early this year. 

Three administrations, two Republi- 
can and one Democratic, have lectured 
and sometimes bullied the rest of the 
world about the necessity for freer inter- 
national trade. They finally got approxi- 
mately what Lhe United Slates said it 
wanted. Now Congress is suggesting that 
America may not want it after all 
Those with the last laugh are those who 
have questioned the allegedly universal 
blessings of liberalized international trade. 
If Congress does reject the Uruguay 
Round agreements, this would be a 
wounding blow to the doctrinaire free 
traders who dominate U.S. and West Eu- 
ropean economic theory and trade policy. 

There is a rumbling revolt — in West- 
ern Europe, at least — against the trade 
orthodoxy of the Thatcher and Reagan 
years. In Asia, these ideas have never had 
"the acceptance they enjoyed in the West 
Japan and the new .Asian industrial 
countries have very sensibly profited 
from .America’s enthusiasm for libera] 
trade while protecting their own markets 
in ingenious and unacknowledged ways. 

In Western Europe, opinions have been 
divided. Maritime Britain is a free trader. 


Under Margaret Thatcher and her succes- 
sor, John Major, the British government 
has resolutely insisted that Britain benefits 
from having sold a large part of its manu- 
facturing industry to foreign groups anx- 
ious to install trading bridgeheads in Eu- 
rope. It would, they said, all come out for 
the best in the end — “in the long, run.” 
that is, when, as, John Maynard Keynes 
would have observed, Mrs. Thatcher and 
her friends wflj be dead. 

Germany is a free-trading country. 
France and the Latin countries to its south 
have always been more protectio ni st. The 
European Parliament elections earlier this 
month saw an unexpectedly strong show- 
ing by French parties critical of the con- 
ventional wisdom about free trade. His- 
torically, the French have tended to 
associate free trade with falling living 
standards and the loss of social protection, 
whereas the opposite is true in Germany. 

The conventional wisdom, though, 
says that trade raises living standards, 
the more of it the higher the standards. 
But that is theory, and trade is not con- 
ducted in the ivory tower. Competition- 
pressed Western manufacturers during 
the past decade have too often looked for 
their “productivity’' increases in reduced 
wages and social protection for the labor 
force. This is anttseptically described as 
improved labor flexibility, but has in fact 


meant that workers have paid the cost of 
the undoubted other benefits of liberal- 
ized inte rnational trade.- . ' 

. A recent article by Michel Hansenne. 
director general of the International La- 
bor Organization; proposes that admis- 
sion to the new Wond Trade Organization 
be Knlre d to the trade union guarantees 
and free collective bargaining require- 
ments of the JLO. That would provide 
some insuranc e against “social du mp i n g" 
while protecting me developing countries' 
access 10 advanced markets. 

However, the U.S. Congress could 
solve the problem in its own way. by 
faffing to pass the agreement. This would 
leave the world with its present trade 
regime, and probably in a drift toward 
large trading blocs in North America. 
Europe (including Eastern Europe) and 
at least a part of Asia.. 

It approaches heresy 10 suggest it, but 
perhaps that would not be such a bad 
thing . Holding back the pace of trade 
liberalization would give the world an 
opportunity to explore the costs as well 
as the benefits of the globalized economy 
— a very recent development, about 
which we may know less than, we dunk.. 
The experience of the, last decade recom- 
mends a certain prudence. 

International Herald Tribune. 

® las Angeles firms Syndicate. 


Behind the Dollar’s Long Slide, a Lack of Confidence in Clinton 


W ASHINGTON — The re- 
cent decline of the Ameri- 
can dollar, including a slide that 
makes the U.S. penny worth no 
more than a Japanese yen. can 
seem inconsistent with basic eco- 
nomic theory. According to the 
textbooks, currencies are strong 
when the home economies are 
strong and weak when they are in 
recession. Therefore the classic 
expectation, with the American 
economy now doing better than 
its rivals in Japan and Europe, 
would be for a strong dollar. 

The American economy has 
been in a moderate recovery for 
18 months, while Japan has been 
in a recession and Europe has 
stagnated. Companies have re- 
duced their debt, and Inflation is 
so low’ that even Federal Reserve 
Board Chairman .Alan Green- 
span admits that it is no threat. 
Yet the dollar has beea on a 


By Hobart Bowen 


gentle downward slope for more 
than a year, in part because the 
Clinton administration was more 
than willing to see the dollar de- 
cline, so as to exert pressure on 
Japan to reduce its trade surplus 
with the United States. 

The theory: a cheap dollar 
would help American exports to 
Japan, and nun Japanese exports 
toAmerica. 

On Tuesday the dollar tempo- 
rarily, and for the first time, sank 
fractionally below ibe threshold 
of 100 yen. (Around the time of 
the Plaza accord of 1985, it took 
about 250 yen to buy one dollar.) 
Last month, when the dollar ap- 
peared ready to break this psy- 
chological barrier, a round of 
concerted central bank interven- 
tion brought the dollar back to 
105. But it didn't hold there. 


The dollar also slid on Tues- 
day to a nine-month low against 
the Deutsche mark, that is, be- 
low 1.59 marks, in part because 
Germany, like Japan, began to 
show’ some signs of coming out 
of its deep slump. 

On Friday, Treasury Secretary 
Lloyd Bentsen publicly con- 
firmed a new effort by the Group 
of Seven to break the dollar's 
slide. He said the action reflect- 
ed “a shared concern about re- 
cent developments in financial 
markets.” 

Mr. Bentsen thus has aban- 
doned last year's benign neglect 
of the dollar. But it is not clear 
that intervention alone, however 
massive, will turn the tide in to- 
day’s highly mobile and global 
financial markets. Despite Fri- 
day's intervention, the dollar 


The Real Role Models Are Personal 


N EW YORK — .America de- 
ludes itself about why its 
children behave as they do. In 
the suburbs we herd diem into 
malls and let them grow up be- 
reft of community, under the 
impression that what you can 
buy is who you are. in the cities 
we raise them in devastated, 
parentless settings, where drug 
addiction and random gunfire 
rule the day. 

After all that, when children 
behave badly we inexplicably 
lay the blame at the tarnished 
feeL of .America’s sports gods. 

We blame Michael Jordan, 
for gambling We blame Charles 
Barkley, for spitting on a fan. 
Now we’re blaming O. J. Simp- 
son. for battering his wife and 
for being accused of her murder. 

The blame of which I speak is 
indirectly assigned, a conse- 
quence of that seemingly innoc- 
uous phrase “role model.” The 
terra entered the language 30 
years ago. Initially, a “role mod- 
el” was someone whose success- 
es other people — and especial- 
ly children — might emulate. 

As the television age wore on, 
there came a subtle shift in 
meaning. A “role model” be- 
came someone who, by virtue or 
fame and money, was appointed 
surrogate parent to America's 
young. These are peculiar “par- 
ous” indeed: They live behind 
television screens, never meet 
their “children” and are expected 
to inspire by force of fame alone. 
Any failing on their part is re- 
garded as a betrayal of the na- 
tion. and a tragedy for all those 


By Brent Staples 

doe-eyed kids in television laud. 

These days, the terra “role 
model" is almost exclusively 
heard when some modern-day 
Icarus loses his wings and 
comes crashing back to earth, 
proven mortal in the end. 

In ihe days since O. J. Simp- 
son’s arrest for murder, there 
have probably been hundreds of 
stories lamenting the loss of a 
vital “role model” for America’s 
young. This despite the fact that 
Mr. Simpson's glory years as a 
player ended 20 years ago. In 
popular culture, 20 years is an 
eternity. It’s a safe bet that until 
Mr. Simpson's arrest, most kids 
had barely even heard of him. 

Why then the constant “role 
model" morality play? Partly 
it’s the archaic notion that ath- 
letes need to be paragons of 
virtue and temperance, exempt 
from mortal flaw. Beyond that, 
I think, lies a deeper and more 
unfortunate presumption; that 
only stars can affect children’s 
lives for the better, that the mere 
mortals among us are powerless 
to guide, shape or enlighten. 

The sadness here is that the 
reverse is true. The only legiti- 
mate "role model” is the person 
whom children can see, feel and 
interact with in their daily lives. 

Enter Joseph Marshall Jr., 
recipient of a 1994 “genius” 
award from the Mac Arthur 
Foundation and co-founder of 
San Francisco’s Omega Boys 
Club, a place where young peo- 


? le between the ages of !1 and 
5 find friendship, surrogate 
parents, academic training — 
and college scholarships. 

Mr. Marshall says inner-city 
kids are confused and violent 
because they have been “or- 
phaned" — by family, commu- 
nity, government and the me- 
dia. No athletes, grinning or 
otherwise, can reach them. His 
role is to recreate families for 
these children. 

He is also the host of “Street 
Soldiers.” an extraordinary vi- 
olence-intervention project. At 
a time when many radio talk 
shows have become little more 
than noise, Mr. Marshall's is 
the equivalent of a radio “par- 
ent,” broadcast weekly on San 
Francisco’s KMEL. 

He reaches an audience erf 
40,000 to 50,000 voting people, 
many of whom he advises on., 
such pressing matters as how . 
not to shoot people and how to 
avoid being shot. 

The results speak for them- 
selves. “Street Soldiers" has a 
proven record of averting the 
reprisal shootings that often 
follow initial episodes of -vio- 
lence. And since the Omega 
Boys Club opened in 1987. 
more than 100 -’young people 
who might well have gone, to 
jail, or to graveyards, have, 
gone to college instead. 

Thai's wbat a role model is: 
someone who loves and works 
and encourages and lays on 
hands. All the rest is noise arid . 
empty air. . 

The New York Times. 


weakened slightly, approaching 
the 100 yen level again. 

In an interview, the New York 
economist Henry Kaufman said: 
. “Bentsen has to get out there and 
say: ‘A decline in the value of the 
dollar is against America's inter- 
est, and against the interest of the 
rest of the world, and we will not 
tolerate a speculative attack on 
the dollar.’ * 

Conservatives like John Makin 
of the American Enterprise Insti- 
tute and former Fed member 
Wayne AngeU call on the Fed to 
go all out in defense of file dollar 
by sharply boosting interest rates, 
without regard to what that might 
do to the economy. 

I would not be surprised by a 
symbolic boost in the Fed’s dis- 
count rate in support of Group of 
Seven intervention. But the dollar 
problem will not be solved by 
interest rate austerity alone. 

There are some rational eco- 
nomic reasons that help explain 
the dollar's weakness. For exam- 
ple, the Fed’s rapid-fire, pre- 
emptive rate increases this year 
resulted in an unexpected bust in 
long-term bonds. Many foreign 
investors worry that their bond 
price losses in doll ar-d en omi nat- 
ed issues will not be covered by 
the rising yields r -and so they sell. 

Martin Huefner, chief econo- 
mist of the Bayerisdw Vereins- 
bank of Germany, notes, also, 
that given the disparity last year 
between American economic 
growth rates and those abroad, 
the U.S. current account deficit 
likely will double to around S 1 20 
bOlion from $66 billion in. 1992. 

Yet the weakness of the dollar 
may be more political than eco- 


nomic. A series of negative 
' events, some of wiuch epuid have 
been avoided, /have shaken the 
faith of foreign governments and 
.investors in the wisdom and/or 
the durability of the Clinton ad- 
ministration. 

Concern over U.S. -Japanese 
relations was one important fac- 
tor in the speculative bust in the 
stock and bond markets earlier 
this year. The Clinton adminis- 
tration recognized this, and 
wisely backed away from some 
of its harsh anti-Japan rhetoric. 

But no one is yet sure of the 
outcome, of trade negotiations 
with Japan, or whether the Japa- 
nese* in retaliation, might reduce 
the flow of their capital invest- 
ments outside of Japan. 

Then there are the president's 
personal troubles — Whitewat- 
er, Paula Jones, and his desper- 
ate struggle to get the 1994 do- 
mestic legislative program 
through Congress. Bob Wood- 
ward’s book “The Agenda” 
made him look weak and ineffec- 
tive. Washington is also rife with 
rumors that his foreign policy 
team is likely to be dismantled, 
starting with Secretary of State 
Warren Christopher. (Possible 
successors mentioned include 
General Colin Powell, Ambassa- 
dor to Japan Walter Mond “ 
and Mr. Bentsen.) 

A restoration of confidence 1 

President Clinton and his ab ih 

to exert global leadership 
be the best tonic for the dollar. ' .* 
more potent than coordinated 
intervention, however large J - 
well-timed. How can that ' 
achieved? I wish I knew. 

The Washington Post. 


IN OUR PAGES; 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AHo 
1894: Election Favorite 

-PARIS — The interregnum 
caused by the tragic death crf.M, 

Carnot will be speedily brought 
to an end by the election of his 
successor. Had the election been 
long delayed, political parties in 
France, who are so divided, would 
have torn each other in pieces. The 
prospectsof M. Casimrr-Pterier ap- 
pear to have brightened, arid en- 
thusiasts even talk of his being 
elected at the first ballot. The ex- 
citement caused among the popit- 
lation of Lyons by the assassina- 
tion of President Carnot appears 
to have subsided, and there is no 
longer any fear of disturbances. ; 

1919? NewJProhibilion? 

NEW YORK. — -There is a strong 
betid: here that President Wilson 
intends to put an end to war-time 
prohibition. Nevertheless. Con- 
gress yesterday [June 25] pro- 


ceeded to draw up enforcemei 
regulations, making two prov 
sions: first, for war-time p ro b 
bition, andsecond, forConstitj 
ticnal prohibition. In sever 
tmw imfliidiiig Boston an 
bookkeepers, « 
they will continue to sell wine 

1944s Russia Advances 

LONDON - [From our * . 
York edition:] The Red 
captured by stona y“ sl ^ 
IJune 26] tv5o of £2? 

fortrwjM-c uui-Jr ,.. Ilve «U< 


imc Kussia 
ed more than 1,700 h 
cabbes. Vitebsk and ; 
rare strong points th 
™ aonhem and * 
fm-ni the German 
appe ared last night t 

has swept n 
Vitebsk, which is 

fronuhe Old Polish* 








ADVERTISEMENT 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 


Page 7 


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East- West International Holding Group, Sofia 


ADVERTISEMENT 


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Investor’s 

Information 


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H n only four 
years of oper- 
ation and two 
years as a joint 
stock compa- 
ny, East-West Interna- 
tional Holdina Group 
has established Itself as a 
presence in both Bulgar- 
ian and international 
markets. 

No matter how diverse 
their operations have be- 
come. most of the 
world's major holding 
companies were initially 
based around a single 
skill and a single percep- 
tion of opportunity. A 
new holding company. 
East-West International 
Holding Group, in a 
newly developing region 
provides a a good exam- 
ple of this process. 

The skill was an inti- 
mate knowledge of post- 
revolution Bulgaria's le- 
gal system, which fea- 
tured {and still features) 
the communist system's 
Byzantine tangle of 
codes, regulations and 
clauses. 

The tendency of Bul- 
garia’s newly elected 
legislators to “sponta- 
neously enact contradic- 


tory or ill-conceived 
measures,” as one in- 
formed insider puts it, 
has exacerbated the 
problem. 

The complexity of this 
system led international 
economic institutes 
monitoring Bulgaria's 
economy to seek locally 
based expertise - and to 
find the group of attor- 
neys who had recently 
set up an organization 
called Legacon Interna- 
tional System for Legal 
Consultation. The suc- 
cess of this company, 
founded in 1989, led its 
management to enter 
into various other fields 
of activity. In 1990, they 
formed a working rela- 
tionship with a major 
Western business pub- 
lishing house, and they 
founded Santa Cruz Ltd, 
a restaurant and enter- 
tainment subsidiary, in 
1991. 

The emerging group’s 
most important move 
was the setting up of 
Temex. Founded in 
1990, this company pro- 
vides foreign-exchange 
services - “still our ma- 


jor source of revenue,” 
in the words of a senior 
executive - to both retail 
and corporate customers, 
“We were the first pri- 
vate-sector foreign-ex- 
change dealer to be li- 
censed by the Bulgarian 
government,” says Ivo 
Nedialkov, group presi- 
dent. “and we have been 
the one with the greatest 


An important asset 
is a netw’ork of 
contacts 


staying power. This stay- 
ing power has been due 
to our professionalism 
and integrity of opera- 
tions.” In February 1993, 
the activities of Temex 
and its associate compa- 
nies were grouped under 
a single corporate roof: 
East- West International 
Holding Group PLC. 
With its legal headquar- 
ters in Sofia, this joint 
stock company had an 
initial share capital of 1 
million levas (at the 
time, 30 levas were 


equivalent to one dollar). 
Buoyed by investor in- 
terest and by the need to 
secure further capital 
backing for its rapidly 
expanding activities. 
East-West undertook 
two rights issues. The 
last, staged in March 
1994, brought its share 
capital to 1.1 billion 
levas, currently equiva- 
lent to some $55 million. 

In conjunction with its 
going public, East-West 
assumed a corporate 
structure standard to 
highly diversified 
groups. East- West's cor- 
porate bodies are its gen- 
eral assembly of share- 
holders, its managing 
board (entrusted with the 
executive responsibility 
for running the group) 
and its supervisory coun- 
cil. charged with moni- 
toring the actions and 
decisions of the manag- 
ing board. East-West in 
turn, heads a group com- 
prising 13 subsidiaries 
and associates active in 
15 major fields of opera- 
tion. 

Powering the group’s 
expansion and its prof- 


itability - according to 
group sources, East- 
West had a net income of 
$1 million in 1993 - has 
been its ability to serve 
as an interface between 
two economic systems. 

“Western companies 
are long on products of 
proven reliability and 
quality, but are often 
short on new markets or 
ways to enter them,” 
says Mr. Nedialkov. 
“Bulgaria constitutes 
such a market. The 
country, in turn, is long 
on interest in and poten- 
tial demand for such 
products - and for com- 
panies that can be trusted 
to provide them. These 
markets form perfect 
complements to each 
other. Bringing them to- 


gether has. of course, 
been our role.” 

Despite the scope of its 
international activities 
and contacts. East- West 
remains firmly rooted in 
Bulgaria. 

Among the group’s 
most important assets is 
the extensive network of 
contacts and partner- 
ships it has built up in 
the country over the past 
four years, “difficult 
years for Bulgaria and its 
economy.” in the words 
of Mr. Nedialkov. 

The East- West group 
prospered during those 
difficult years. Now. 
with a period of solid 
growth in the offing for 
Bulgaria, the group's 
prospects look better 
than ever. 


East- West International Holding Group 
46. Shipka Sl, BG-1504 Sofia - Bulgaria 
Tel.: (+359-2) 46 61 59: -16 53 84; 46 82 42 
Fax: 1+359-2) 80 02 73 
Telex: (+67) 25 382 BG 

In London: 

East- West International Services PLC 
clo Frick & Frick Attorneys at Law 
Tel.: (+44-71) 352 21 5024 02 
Fax: (+44-71) 352 22 60 

In Zurich: 

East-West International Services PLC 
Tel.: (+41-1)21 1 29 II 
Fax: (+41-1) 211 2930 

President: Ivo Nedialkov 
Founded: February 1993 
Form : joint stock company with a share capi- 
tal of LI billion levas. 6.000 shareholders. 
East-West serves as a holding company for 13 
subsidiaries. These companies are active in 
the fields of insurance, financial services and 
stock brokerage, construction, book and peri- 
odicals publishing, legal services, computer 
products, leasing and general trading. The 
group curremly employs some 250 persons, 
with a total of 2.000 persons expected to join 
the group within the near future. 



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Ivo Nedialkov is president of the East-West 
international Holding Group PLC. He was bom in 
Sofia on August 9, 1966. After earning an 
advanced degree in jurisprudence >, Mr. Nedialkov 
began his career working at a foreign trade 
company specializing in agro-business products, 
in 1989, in the wake of Bulgaria's revolution, he 
joined a group of other managers in founding a 
company specialized in providing legal 
information on an international basis. In 1990, 
under Mr. Nedialkov’s leadership, a business 
group set up Temex, Bulgaria's first privately 
owned foreign-exchange dealer. Since 1993 and 
the founding of the East-West International 
Holdings, Mr. Nedialkov has been its president 



Leading figures from the region's political, economic and academic spheres will participate in the conference. 

Conference to Take a Close Look at the 
Investment Situaron in the Balkans 


Company Proves Its Ability 
T o Perform at Western Levels 


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In the following interview. 
East- West’s president, Ivo Nedi- 
alkov, addresses the state of Bul- 
garia’s economy and discusses 
the present and future of his 

rapidly developing county. 

Your company is active in a 
great number of fields. This 
breadth is especially striking 
when considering the relative 
youth of your company. How did 
this come about ? 

You can’t equate the situation 
in Western Europe or the United 
States, where each business 
niche is well-established and 
regulated and where only mar- 
ginal changes are possible, with 
that of Bulgaria and the Balkans. 
Many of the fields in which 
group companies are now active 
didn’t exist at all a few years 
ago- In others. East-West com- 
panies have been the only ones 
to establish a lasting reputation 
for reliability and honesty of per- 
formance. Companies able to 
perform at Western standards 
are unfortunately, still at a pre- 
mium in Bulgaria. 0« r ‘ ra <;k 
record has led a number of 
Western companies to come to 
our companies with proposals as 
to working relationships in new 
areas of business - new at least 
to our companies, which have 
now entered new fields. 

Your achievements are even 
more remarkable when one con- 
siders the general state of Bul- 
JESS& been wreXtog 

with uncertainties m rts 
Zd gnomic situations. Hg 

this uncertainty 7 . 

■KSKK-f-SS 

s“"wS 

as, i?s»ss£“ 


Bulgaria’s “unfinished econo- 
my” has only negative aspects. 
Quite the opposite is true. Unlike 
economies in Western countries, 
tins is still a very open market, in 
which enterprising, professional 
companies and people can 
quickly make their mark. There 
is also a tremendous pent-up de- 
mand for many kinds of goods 
and services, and this demand 
has yet to be fully met. In addi- 
tion to such consumer standards 
as automobiles and refrigerators, 
JTm referring to such items as in- 
surance policies of proven pro- 
bity. 

Privatization program 
offers major 
opportunities 

Nor would it be correct to sug- 
gest that Bulgaria hasn’t made 
progress. Any visitor to Sofia 
has seen the great number of 
new restaurants, food stores, 
copy shops and other outlets. 

East-West has expanded at a 
rapid pace over the past few 
years. Is 1994 set to be a year of 

consolidation for the group? 

Quite the opposite. During the 
first half of the year, we’ ve actu- 
ally stepped up the pace of intro- 
duction of new activities and 
new financial products. Many of 
our most promising activities - 
examples are housing construc- 
tion and financing and insurance 
- have been launched during the 
past year. We’ve placed a high 
priority on modernizing Bulgar- 
ia’s financial sector. After intro- 
ducing large-scale professional 
stock trading to the country, 
We’re now taking on the coun- 
ty’s banking system, offering 


banks such products as hardware 
and software for their daily oper- 
ations. We've also started up a 
bank of our own. It has intro- 
duced such “new” corporate and 
retail services as factoring and 
checking accounts. 

One reason not to slow down 
comes from Bulgaria’s econo- 
my. This year is the year in 
which several large-scale, inter- 
esting opportunities will materi- 
alize in Bulgaria. For instance: 
the country’s privatization pro- 
gram is about to commence its 
major phase of operations. We 
intend to participate fully in this 
process. 

A prerequisite for operating in 
all these fields is a large stock of 
qualified personnel. How have 
you gone about recruiting and 
training East- West's personnel? 

Bulgaria, like all the former 
East bloc countries, had a well- 
developed foreign-trade system. 
This system’s individual eco- 
nomic units traded in all of the 
world’s important markets and 
in all of their leading sectors. 
Many of our senior managers - 
including me - got their start 
there. In addition, the country 
Has several good universities. 
Many of our staff members are 
recent graduates of them. When 
selecting our future employees, 
we tend to look for certain quali- 
ties rather than a set of individ- 
ual skills. These qualities in- 
clude reliability, accountability, 
helpfulness - long standard to 
the world's service sector, but 
often unknown in pre-revolution 
Bulgaria. The qualities of our in- 
dividual staff members, in turn, 
find their expression in die high 
quality of our operations. It is 
this quality that has allowed 
East- West to grow. 


conference on 
tiff a the theme 

mem Situation 
in the Balkans” will be 
held in April 1995. prob- 
ably with the patronage 
of Zhelio Zhelev. presi- 
dent of the Republic of 
Bulgaria 

This two-day confer- 
ence is being organized 
by the East-West Hold- 
ing Group and other par- 
ticipating international 
service and media spe- 
cialists. It will provide a 
general introduction to 
current economic, politi- 
cal and social trends in 
the nine countries mak- 
ing up the Balkan region 
and will offer an oppor- 
tunity for in-depth, case- 
oriented looks at the in- 
dividual countries and 
their: 

• investment regula- 
tions, conditions and 
track records; 

• privatization pro- 
grams and opportunities: 

• emerging markets 
and market-makers. 


Leading figures from 
the region's political, 
economic and academic 
spheres will participate. 

The transition from a 
totalitarian government 
and its concomitant, a 
centrally planned econo- 
my. to a free-market 
democracy is always 
characterized by an in- 
stability of economic 
conditions. Nowhere has 
this been more true than 
in the Balkans. 

The region, while gen- 
erally considered Eu- 
rope’s most troubled 
one, nevertheless is cur- 
rently providing excep- 
tional business opportu- 
nities. 

Past experience has 
shown that well-formu- 
lated investment policies 
can greatly facilitate the 
process of transition, 
while also enhancing 
and creating opportuni- 
ties. Obstacles standing 
in the way of this formu^ 
lation are often historical 
or sociological. This 
conference allows lead- 



East-West President tvo Nedialkov will welcome leaders from the re- 
gion's political, economfc and academic spheres to the conference. 

ing representatives from , ; ■" 

all sectors involved in 
the transition process to 
engage in fruitful dia- 
logue. 

For further informa- 
tion, contact the East- 
West International Hol- 
ding Group PLC. 


A Variety of High-Quality 
Professional Services 



EPBSS|| ast-West ser- 
fm gyi ves as the rep- 
gip resentative and 

partner for 
many of Europe's lead- 
ing insurance, media and 
financial services com- 
panies and research, 
management consulting 
and legal firms. 

Us services for these 
companies include: 

• insurance brokerage 
and customer outreach; 

• legal representation 


and information pro- 
curement: 

• research studies and 
data-bank searches; 

• distribution of com- 
puter hardware and soft- 
ware; 

• media activities and 
distribution; 

• sales promotion and 
other trading activities. 

East-West is also one 
of Bulgaria's major busi- 
ness groups, active in the 
fields of: 


• stocks and securities 
brokerage and invest- 
ment management; 

• foreign-exchange 
trading and related ser- 
vices; 

• commercial and resi- 
dential housing con- 
struction and financing; 

• retail and corporate 
banking and leasing ser- 
vices; 

• books and periodi- 
cals publishing and radio 
broadcasting. 


section. was produced 


supplements diviskai . 
of the fhteroaticoaf :: 
Herald Tribune's 


departing. . 
• /* . * It.was,, 

written byTerry. 
SwartzbeTg, a wrker 
' tesedcttMtauch:' 


T r , 5 po*' 








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Bond Markets Still Caught 
In the Dollar’s Undertow 

By Carl Gewirtz 

P A PTC -n. htmaioaa,H **U Tribunr 

5 S ra ^ “-r 

bang as volatile as anv bond “"J* 1 ^ 

drariv headed for SSL*? s ? m * , Currenc y markets are 

ketsare^SSe' \SS£i£ bSd2£ 

jUthough analysts are ofone .oiak, arguing that Europaan 

bonds are exceedingly attractive s uiai turopean 

investments at current yields, - 

they also agree that bargain- D *.„• j 0 . 

hunting awaits resolution of the ttnlam Spain are 

SSdSriftSI^Sir markete best positioned 
terest rate moves the U.S. and to advance. 

German central banks are pre- 

pared to accept. 

tel I ?° sit,oaed 10 advance, analysts say. are those 
**“ T notably Britain and Spain. At the 
£S iS!« > ^V ia ? ear BntiSh S ovcmra em paper was yielding 75 
°!i l k P f c ^ tag ^ po “‘ 1 ’ above German levels* By 
lastwedc, that spread had widened to 1 83 basis points. For Spanish 
bends, the spread has widened to 370 basis points from 253. 

ror now, a nalysts agree, what little money is being mmmiwcri t Q 
new investments is not crossing borders. This helps explain the 
.surprisingly good reception of last week's global offering of SU 

bnfion from the Federal National Mortgage Association, or Fannie 
Mac. 

This was the U.S, mortgage agency’s first venture into the 
international market, and managers reported a whopping 65 per- 
cent of the issue was placed outside the United States and two- 
tmrds of that was sold in Europe and the Mideast. Bankers said the 
paper appealed to investors who were holding dollars from interest 
mcome or redemptions but acknowledged that the b ulk of demand 
was switches out of Treasury holdings. 

U.S. agency paper is not actively traded in Europe. Thus, even 
thoogh Fannie Mae’s domestic issues usually are priced to yield 28 
basis points over Treasury paper, international investors prefer to 
forgo the extra yield for the liquidity of Treasuries. 

Fannie Mae’s global format overcomes this hurdle. In addition^ 
the 10-year bonds are non-caHable — a change from its domestic 
practice, of issuing only callable paper. The combination of widen- 
ing the international investor base and issuing non-call able paper 
enabled m a n a g e r s to price the paper at only 25 basis pointy over th e 
benchmark rate, a saving worth $4.5 million to the issuer. 
Canada’s huger $2 billion offering but with a maturity for only 

See BONDS, Page 11 



THE TUB INDEX 


- International Herald Tribune 
World Stock Index, composed ^ 
of 280 internationally irr/estabfe ns 
stocks from 25 countries, 117 
compiled by Bloomberg 
Business News. 

113 

Weekending June 24, 
daily dosings. 

Jan. 1992 = 100. 


World Index 


140 

139 

138 

137 

138 
135 
134 
133 
132 
131 
1 30 
129 


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100 

99 

98 

97 

96 

95 

94 

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Industrial Secton/Weekend dose 
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8B4M VTTM % 
dam doo J*s 


Enwg y 10827 11090 -2-3? 
Utmtfes 11&61 11787 -2J0 
Finance 11631 11636 -0-56 
Services 11336 116^1 -2^3 


Capita Goods 1113 5114.41 -234 
BSW Materials 1235112324 -2,16 
Consumer Goods 9738 9839 -1J3 
MtsceSaneous 121.46124.73 -262 


O Mediations HnaUTAim 



CURRENCY RATES 


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Orders 
For Tools 
Fall 18% 


Bloomberg Butinas News 

WASHINGTON — U.S. 
machine tool orders fell 18.5 
percent during May as higher 
interest rates retarded econom- 
ic activity, industry figures 
showed Sunday. 

Economists monitor tool or- 
ders to gauge factory output 
and business investment 

The Association for Manu- 
facturing Technology, which 
prepared the report, said orders 
declined to 5336.85 million in 
May after rising 1 1.6 percent in 
Apnl, initially reported as an 
1 1.7 percent gain 

Compared with a year earlier, 
tool orders were up 6.7 percent. 

While higher interest slows 
domestic economic growth, for- 
eign demand for U.S.-made 
goods has been restrained by 
recessions in Germany and Ja- 
pan. 

“If exports bain to turn 
around, this could be a very 
good year,” said Albeit Moore, 
of the industry association. 

By category, metal-forming 
tool orders decreased 41.8 per- 
cent in May to SI 15 JO milli on 
after rising 66 percent in April. 
Metal-cutting tool orders rose 3 
percent to $221.35 million last 
month after declining 14.3 per- 
cent. 

Total tool shipments de- 
creased 2.6 percent during May 
to 5335 3D milli on after rising 8 
percent in April. 

The backlog of orders, which 
tracks manufacturing ability to 
meet demand, increased 0.1 
percent in May to $1.7 billion 
after rising 4.3 percent in ApriL 

The Federal Reserve’s latest 
Tan Book said interest rates are 
slowing U.S. growth. 


Root of Dollar Wbes: Lack of Buyers 


By Carl Gewirtz 

/ntOTuaionaJ Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Like snowflakes and finger- 
prints, financial crises are never identi- 
cal. But the distinguishing feature of the 
one now developing in the foreign ex- 
change market is especially relevant be- 
cause it defines the problem and suggests 
that finding a solution will not be easy. 

The main characteristic is internation- 
al investors’ unwillingness to purchase 
the U J. dollar. 

At first glance it may seem to be of 
little importance whether the dollar is 
sagging because market operators are 
actively dumping it or because they pas- 
sively refuse to buy it Either way the 
currency is weak. 

But the distinction is critical. It ex- 
plains why Friday’s concerted interven- 
tion by some 17 central banks led by the 
Federal Reserve Board failed to lift the 
dollar, and that, in turn, underlines what 
a difficult task officials face in establish- 
ing a floor from which the dollar can 
advance. 

Market professionals see the doDar 
remaining weak and headed for a possi- 
bly prolonged period of tension, particu- 
larly against the Deutsche mail. 

The weekend resignation of the Japa- 
nese government will not have helped the 
mood, but analysts expect the Bank of 
Japan to maintain its long-standing poli- 
cy of heavy dady intervention to keep the 
yen above 100 to the dollar. 

The dollar ended the week at 100.525 
yen after briefly trading at an historic 


low of 99.65 yen. The government crisis 
in Japan puts on hold any attempt to 
resolve the long-running trade dispute 
with Washington. 

“This does not necessarily undermine 
the outlook for the dollar against the 

C ” said John Lipsky at Salomon 
hers in New York. “But it’s also 
hard to imagine that Japanese investors 
will be encouraged to make new portfo- 
lio shifts at this time. It will keep the 
dollar under pressure against the yen." 

Analysts expect greater pressure on 
the dollar versus the mark. The dollar 
ended last week at 1 J84 DM, a new low 
for the year, and, in the view of many 
analysts, it is headed to the low 1.50s. 
Such downward pressure, they added, 
would pull the dollar lower again st the 
yen. 

The prevailing mood in the market is 
that the dollar remains weak until the 
Fed increases short-term interest rates. 
Most analysts argue that an increase of 
at least half a percentage point in the cost 
of overnight money to 4.75 percent will 
be needed to restore calm. 

The mam question is whether the Fed 
moves quickly or waits for evidence that 
such a rise is justified by a still too rapid 
rate of domestic growth. This week will 
see reports on May factoty orders, per- 
sonal income and leading indicators and 
next week begins with the Fed’s policy- 
making meeting on Tuesday and 
Wednesday, followed on Friday by the 
important June employment report and 
then the annual weekend summit meet- 


ing of the Group of Seven heads of state 
in Naples. Italy. 

Mi. Lipsky asserts that the Fed. would 
probably prefer to wait for new data 
confirming still rapid growth before rais- 
ing rates again. But he sees no problem 
for it to do so earlier. 

“Given that a crisis appears to be 
building, I don’t believe the Fed per- 
ceives there is a dil emma between its 
domestic goals of sustaining noninfla- 
tionaiy growth and its international 
goals of stabilizing the currency and re- 
storing confidence. 1 don’t think the Fed 
will need to await new data before act- 
ing.” 

Market analysts agree that the central 
banks would have had much more suc- 
cess in intervening to support the dollar 
if speculators had placed huge bets on a 
continuing fall of the currency. 

These so-called short positions are no- 
toriously fickle and easily driven into 
reverse at the first sign of concerted in- 
tervention, Massive unwinding by short- 
sellers usually drives an attacked curren- 
cy much higher. 

When there are no big short positions, 
intervention wfl] drive up a currency so 
long as the central b anks are buying it. 
But when (he officials withdraw, the cur- 
rency resumes its faH 

Indeed, the spectacular failure of Fri- 
day^ intervention left some market pro- 
fessionals questioning whether the cen- 
tral banks were trying to honey a bear 

See DOLLAR, Page 11 


China Lacks Copyright Enforcement 


Agenca Fnmce-Pncsse 
BEUING — The Chinese 
government, for all its pledges 
to improve copyright protec- 
tion, remains impotem to curb 
widespread violations to ward 
off looming U.S. sanctions, an- 
alysts said. 


Taipei Notebook 


A Place in the Margin 
For Taiwan’s Investors 


Super 301 provision in the U.S. 
Trade Act 

In April, the United States 
cited Cnina as one of the worst 
violators of U.S. patents and 
copyrights and gave it 60 days 
to deal with the problem. 

_ ... , Even though China imple- 

Begmg has until Thursday to- mented a copyright law in 1991, 
action or face foreign manufacturers have 
continued to complain of bla- 
tant violations. In particular, 
lawyers here say violations of 
foreign intellectual property 
rights continue. 

“They’ve done a lot in terms 
of signing treaties and promul- 
gating laws, but so far missed 
out in the enforcement.” a Beij- 
ing-based specialist lawyer said. 
“It’s understandable — China’s 


take effective 
sanctions under 


the so-called 


Taiwan’s stock market has fared better than most in Asia in 
the first half of the year, trailing only India, Japan and South 
Korea in terms of performance. It is favored by many fund 
managers in the next six months as well. 

But while exporters have gained with a weaker local curren- 
cy in competition with Japanese manufacturers burdened by 
the strong yen, the equity market has been hamstrung lately 
by a shortage of capital available to local investors who want 
to borrow to buy stocks. 

Currently, Fu Wha Finance Co., which dominates the 
business of lending investors the minimum amount required 
to purchase stock, or the margin, has reached its lending 
limits. Overall stock-lending, individual brokers included, hit 
a record high of 195 billion Taiwan dollars ($7.25 billion! 
earlier this month. 

With a well-earned reputation as a volatile market, Tai- 
wan’s margin trading in the past has been under a tight rein 
from the central bank and the Securities and Exchange 
Commission. 

Both regulators have, until recently, taken a cautious view 
of requests by more margin lending finance companies to set 
up shop, particularly since at least one big hand — an investor 
suspected of manipulating the market — is behind one of the 
applications. 

Changes are likely, however, judging from comments by 
Taiwan's new central bank head. Liang Kuosbu. who is 
expected to be a strong force for financial market reform. 

“My opinion is that letting one company monopolize this 
mar ket is no good,” said Mr. Liang, who welcomes foreign 
participation in the market through joint ventures with Tai- 
wanese companies. “I am already asking the banking depart- 
ment to review,” be added. 


The Bocks Can Stop Here 

A recent decision hammered out between the Ministry of 
Finance and Taiwan’s central bank to allow foreigners to 
opes up Taiwan dollar savings accounts could be the slow 
start of a new trend towards greater openness. 

Protective of its exporters and loath to allow rival China to 
infiltrate its financial system. Taipei has traditionally kept 
foreign exchange flows to a restrictive minimum. 

But starting next month nonresident foreign individuals 
and businesses including foreign individuals will be allowed 
to open unlimited regular savings accounts at all domestic 
financial institutions. The next stage, according to a report in 
the local China Post newspaper, wul be allowing foreigners to 
open checking and time-deposit accounts. 

The move is designed to help boost turnover in the coun- 
try’s small foreign exchange market, where daily turnover for 
Taiwan doflar-U-S dollar transactions is lucky to hit $200 
milli on despite Taiwan now being the world’s' 13th largest 
trading econ o my. 

Inflow of more than $100,000 for conversion into Taiwan 
dollar savings will continue to require central bank approval. 


Mudb Ado About Dogs 

It’s difficult to be alone in Taipei or the surrounding 
countryside. If you can escape the 20 million peopled 
crammed into a mountainous island a little larger than 
Belg ium, there is fikdty to be a dog far less friendly than the 
natives. 

With 60 dogs per square kilometer, Taiwan has the the 
world’s highest canine density. 

There are 2 million pet dogs on the island, one for every 10 
people, and at least another 1.3 milli on strays. And, as 
environmental authorities have found a way of measure, they 
produced 380 metric tons of droppings in public places a day. 

In a increasingly wealthy country where the improvement 

of living standards and environmental awareness are of grow- 
ing concern, cleaning up after the dogs has broad public 

^SmSomnental officials estimate the cost of catching the 
stray dogs, putting them down by lethal injection and crema- 
tion could reach as much as $190 each, or about 5245 million, 
the equivalent of the agency’s annual budget. 

Far greater environmental problems across the heavily 
industrialized island need to be tackled, so Taiwan's dogs are 
probably safe for the moment 

Kevin Murphy 


a very big country and in re- 
mote areas, intellectual proper- 
ty rights are still not widely 
mown.” 

But Washington is not pre- 
pared to accept copyright in- 
fringements, which cost U.S. 
companies some 5800 million 
last year. 

The Business Software Alli- 
ance. the U.S. software indus- 
try's anti-piracy watchdog, ex- 
pressed support Friday for 
sanctions, saying copyright vio- 
lations in China cost the sector 
5322 million in 1993. 

The U.S. software giant Mi- 
crosoft Corp. alone has com- 
plained of losing more than $30 
million through blatant Chinese 
piracy of its products. 


Beijing has defended itself re- 
cently with a media campaign 
stressing the depth of its com- 
mitment to curbing violations 
and blaming them to a large 
extent on foreign complicity or 
lack of cooperation. 

In mid -June, the government 
issued a white paper hi g hli g ht- 
mg efforts to raise protection to 
world standards and dismissing 
allegations that China lacked 
the ability to un dertak e its in- 
ternational obligations. 

Among its latest moves, the 
China Daily reported on Satur- 
day that authorities were imple- 
menting a copyright certifica- 
tion system to protect foreign 
audio and video producers from 
piracy in China. 


FBI Asks 
Germany 
For Aid in 
VW Case 


CorrpUed by Oar Stofl Frrtn Dnpcudta 

BONN — The FBI has asked 
Germany to help in the indus- 
trial espionage case brought by 
General Motors Corp. against 
Volkswagen AG, a Justice Min- 
istry spokesman said Sunday. 
The spokesman confirmed a 
ort that the FBI had request- 
the ministry’s assistance in 
investigating Jos6 Ignacio L6- 
pez. de Arnortua, the former 
General Motors vice president 
who switched allegiance to 
Volkswagen. 

The FBI also wants to see the 
files of the Darmstadt prosecu- 
tor’s office, which is investigat- 
ing the industrial espionage ac- 
cusation in Germany, the 
report said. 

Genera] Motors’ German 
subsidiary Adam Opel AG has 
accused Mr. L6pez and other 
employees who followed him to 
VW of taking material contain- 
ingindustriaT secrets with them. 

The report in the German 
magazine Der Spiegel said U.S. 
investigators had determined 
which documents disappeared 
from GM*s Detroit office and 
how they left the United States, 
and now they want to verity 
whether the documents ended 
up in the hands of Volkswagen 
executives. 

(AFP, Reuters) 

u Schneider To Return? 

The fugitive construction en- 
trepreneur, Jtirgen Schneider, 1 
plans to turn himself in to Ger- 
man authorities, the ma gariwn 
Focus says in its latest edition, 
Bloomberg Business News re- 1 
ported from Munich. 

Citing “Swiss police circles,” 
Focus said Mr. Schneider, 60, 
was doing badly psychological- 
ly and physically and had trou- 
ble getting at the money he al- 
legedly spirited away from his 
construction empire in Germa- 
ny, where he issought for audit 
fraud. 


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3 months 
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AuBHa 

A.Sch. 

6.000 


3^00 

1300 

Bakyun 

B.Fr. 

144)00 

W~Mm 

7.700 

4300 

Denmart 

DJCr. 

3,400 


1,900 

1.050 

Finland 

FJI 

2AOO 


1,300 

700 

France 

F.F. 

1350 


14)70 

590 

GerniHiw* 

D.M. 

700 


385 

210 

GredBrtata 

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115 

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14,000 


7.700 

4300 

Neihedands 

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770 


420 

230 

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3,500 


1.900 

1360 

Portugal 

Esc. 

474X10 


pg.Qqp 

14300 

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484*00 


26£00 

14300 

- hand daSv. Uadnd 

PBS 


%Si.£S)i 

27,500 

14300 

Sweden (airmail) 

SXr. 

3,100 


1.700 

900 

~ hand defcverv 

S.Kr. 

w 

■x&Hg. 

1,900 

1.000 

5wKZHriand 

S.Fr 

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flea d Europe bt CE1 

3 

485 


2B5 

145 

CQ. N. Africa, fonner 

French Afncan. Mkfcte East 

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630 


345 

190 

Gitf State, Am, Cenoel and 
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780 


430 

235 

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far hfoimattori concerning hand-deDvery m moJof German ottes ceH M free 1WT 

Germany af 0130-8-1 S5 B5 or Fax (06&) 175413. UnderGwmm regulations. eS-week 
*reo period b gran led lor bM new orders. 


27.-6-94 

Yes, 1 want to receiving (ho HT. "This is fhe subscription term 1 prefer 
(cneac appropriate boxes): 

CD 12 months (364 issues in all with 52 bonus issues). 

CD 6 months (182 issues in aO wfth 26 bonus issues). 

CD 3 months (91 issues in cfl wftfi 13 bonus issues). 

CD My check is endcaad (pa)»able to the International Herald Tribune). 
CD Pieces charge mf. □ American Express □ Diners Club □ VISA 
□ MasterCard □ Euroeard □ Access 

Credit cad charges wS be made in French Fnns al ament endwnge roles. 

CAfiDACCT.NO. 

EXP. DATE SGNMURE 

FOR BUSff»C5S CROSS. F1EASE M^CATE YOtJB VAJ HUMBBt 

0HT VAT nur4xr HZ74732021 1 261) 

□ Mr.D Ms □ MbtF/WLY NAME 


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PBMANfNr ACGRE5S: □ HOME □ BU5N5S_ 


aiY/coue. 

OOUNIWL- 


RmliQgto&ribunr 

MUSHES WttK THE KI» KKk TIMES Utb 1H VIMHWCTOS TOST 


.FAX. 


F®c33.1A6370651-Td:33.14A^ra6r^^ 

tin offer epees Aigul 31, W4.mdis t «^ tofJewH 4 (ff j^ on y 


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^lUALFUNDS 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY. JUNE 27, 1994 


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924— 7f I WIRs3o63fI04»7-25 STInfCf 9.66 — j£S?| CaTTBf 10.74 — IJ PotCrA 7648—28 Murcen 11T5 —7? 1 36 i Seti&o 

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1128 -J7‘ Vcfll 15J0— 43' TXITAn ».» — 49 DvGrei 19.16—56 CoiMut 1127 -.13 ISetomw Bme ■ ^;:S -g vdSTrTEf d 

1027 —12 1 Monosert Funds: VaU*ln* 132S —M EuGrBT 885—15 EoutBnf 1X38 —46 Conn 1670.— 51 “SJmZiI VifiW® 9 '* 5 

UA— 3Bi Cop Apr 2320 —.93 ■ VatuelAp 13-11 -44 GrtflBl 1784 —35 EOncnbc 1345 — 46 Invesn 1441—53 it VUI Edc . 




0.1 5 — in ! »EX Grown I PTxA 

—59: IdCXA 14.93— 49 i SKA 


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754 —48 Inti Eon 3087— 31 I TxFrel 9 85 —IS! NVl^at. 1038 — 12 GfcRsnt 1241-32 Govs. 




936—42 SWeaopdft?* 


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MulnsA 1079 — .11 Gotdn UM —37 S7»e«R«*e^» staKSp 17.06—^' 

Munmt 1073—11 Grydncn 16.93— 45 catfC ™Kb: ij.o5— o« 

MuMdt 10^3 -.11 ineomon J2JS H4« — J* 


973 —nr H*K. P !i-S — Incox 14.09—17 DelGrpinsIfc ! ValTmn 1484 — M &j^3ca- 5.07 —.06 Fremont Funds ; EquitPIp 1045 — 41 PC Act 943 — JOlMarpub Foods 1 New EflStflnd rtfs 

"2p iW* — -04 AABCAI 1013—09 DecM Urn _ 45 &C0lMJda5 109 —.11 Jr.Kns Wf. 9.45—06 Gi^ci r. jj.7^ — &rtrlnp 4J1 — J02 GvSCT 9.<5 — .05 GvSecA 9^4 — m 1 AdfUSAp 7.33 — .07 

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38 I tAartnjh Foote i New EflStflnd rtfs , Grmci 1846—85 MunHYt 1073 — J38 

0s I GvSecA 954—43 1 AUfUSAp A33 —.07 dlnOt 1014—02 MulnsA 1079 —.11 

031 GthlnA ’58— I8i EotoiApxll53-J7 WlflcOp 019—12 Munbil 1073 —11 

12 VolEaAp ’47 — 46 1 BcuncA 1185—06 InvGO 10.00 —46 MuMdt 1043—11 




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IrntL^n TOM CwrtiA 1X77 —76 intlEqo 12.00 — .13 IrlGu 9.95 -42 1 GovBdl nx S (T -46 ill 

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Bid 350.46-5.18. FrecAAtP 806— 45 
Poc8cs 195.13— 3.73 , Progresp 


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ullp 11.96 —44 GtEqBn 1X66 — 44 VolEdn IC85 — 46 i MessT A pi X92 — 40 

VTEP Aid— Ml Gib B?C n 1AB4 —44 Mathers n \£M ~JX , TsExAp 745—09 
sw O p 1X37—86/ CfeEoA IS80 —34 >Maxps Funds VblueA sw 7J8 — 31 

UOD 547 —.05 ! GfcFxB 12J58 -.17 , Esjuitv ton 11X8 —31 I BokmB rx.1180 —35 

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—83 unpp Ml —17 AmiNY t liA£— u — yz it* * fmF 16340— 5 W 

12 Ponaobn 1036— 13 MunOht 1187 —H NYTStn M45 — 15 GjninB E149-2.ei 

— 03 FBPpS» 1412-46 MuPol 1037—11 OHTAn Yl& —Id n Ml — S } 163J4-A1.’ 

-40 PmSwiPt NtMunt tS82 — 16 PAToxn KUO— 16 hjVTrAP -fil ' T91J7 -7.*: 

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-88' CoeGrBt T388 — M STGv 1081-82 . 849 — 37 STGWn 1096 +81 NVTFAP 7M — 89 1 5CF« 


806 —45, GtoFxA 1209 ».17 Incomef 1041-88' CccGtB I TLSB —68 I STGv 1081 — 82 

641—23/ GviAl 1388 — 86 I Lauretf tpn’Jl — 1 14 ; ImEaB ' 1X88— J2I VoEa 1136-47 

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I Nctllln 2549 -88 Bwtfyn 14A? —93 l^tSrtcn U.W — 14 B!Ch -p£h£Si 1240 — 5T 


Cortn 1547 4-.10 1 f.lfTFP 10 JO — 07 Psl£09lnr 1442 — 63 GeFimds: 


Utaincp AM —IB IrJtEa 11.75 —46 1 B<6A 
it Funds J NYTF nPxlCLM — 41 • BcsVI 


NcJiLd n 17 74 — 
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Gom/Ifl* 10^6 —46 


Laurel bivnler: 


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ZfurSr.5 981 —42, AauUa Funds: A S gOiti 8.93 — 40, inttHSM 11*7— OS Peren 2147 —43 1 GioUP 5.92—11 0= USE IA43 — 45 ; Independence Ow lose 

— - w i AZ IE 1042—11 Balanced 969 —21, LCaP'nJ 1147 -03 Foirmln 3386-143' Gavtp 1086 - W US6aA 1546 -4J ; OpportD 1041—83' Imp 



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jnuuwn 9J5 _.|5 T <FUT 9J7 —.13 CnKBiB 1L1! —47 Irccmen 1186 —84 RffllSn 1041 —04 UfeHr n . Amers 1489 — *8 , Capon H 90 —43 irtmlnn 1QJ7 — 03 

. 1X 64— 1.06) ApurnnsFuntt CoatEaCCn 9.43 — 12 Stot*n 52*9—1.86 FSTlHn 8/6—40 US-Sf» J045-48 Em'.Hd JJ4! — _5?( QuaSIk 1164 —O i %&P500n 9.75 —J4 

■^"WAOvgnf; l Balance n 9.3? — 40 CemF£JnCh9 99 — .03 DomSocJal • 1147 — *9 FOP O fu 20.94— 1.07 /AATFp 11.49 —80 EmMklB 1A14 — 42 , USGvl* 9^3 —06 I Stock n 1743 —66 

Aetno! 1048 —73, Eabicn *M — 48 CerfurnGP 847 — 16 DrerTron Funds / FHYTn 889 -85 7/1 TF p 11.95—13 Europe P 10.14 —11 .ItwnCD: . Unmd Grown : 

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tio.63 —jj 1 Arch Funds: QiCOPBC 1289 —44 1 HiRtnk 1549 — Al FIT 43 P 9.42—02 NT“<J=r pUJl — IS GwIncA 8.71 -07 1 Emgrmpnll43— 45 InilEa 1X58—18 


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1141— 88 DrogA 15.45 -48, WWpr 14A7 — 31 HiEq 13J1 -J3 DM3rpx —44 OTORW. TX44 — 82 M rTCorpO 947 

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JO: GffldA 918 *83 1 Gr IncC pnIXXB -42 PomBdn 1546 -44 R-TkA 882 —89 GATxA 7*2 —.11 GaySecrtxXJfl —87 S« r M 

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1X58—18 GlHdA 1781 — 43 MolmiOr n 23*4 — 1 96 PKadnaGn«K GIGvApx IXg —85 G&nBD 10^—48 BIOiGn nx ?8t — 45 l*ggk 1046 — 

1085—13 GJRsA 154J —46 1 NelnvTr n 10.18—08 BotRtnA 20^ —43 GtGrAp 949—14 GrdvrthA 449 — 24 GJEaux IXX* —6? 

1485—37! QUIA 1X24 —4* ; northern Funds: GmwthA 14A7 — 64 GrtnAp 1384.— J8 IncomaA 1X44 — 13 IldBdx P.9X — OT kTOrErfn 1XM — 7S 

1546 —IB | GfIRA 17*3—68 Fixlnn 9.77 — W NittvSO 1686 —33 WttlAp 2569—141 tncameO IXAl — U UVVSavAn?^ — 07 1 ktxTatnX 1!JX —^3 


ft**”* 1048 —43 | Ealnc n 9/6 —48 \ CenfurnG 0 837 —IB I Dreman Funds: 

go nm 9.74 —03 | F.lncn 935 — W CmrrXhrn 2X88 — 78 Conlm * 1335 —32 

SS 0 ?" no -92 —->* A/ctl Funte OiCOPSC 1269 —44 i HiRfn > 1549 — *1 

j nllGfl ll.Qd —.11 ■ Sal r 9*2 — 40 ClwsGrth 1197-431 SmCoVol nl062 -33 

.T™ F i^ 941— 111 SmGrtn 10.92 -31 CHwim lJ0.n-X72 DrovhiK 
A«na Setech GovCora 9.92 — 03 (ChicMilwnl44.IO -.10 ABondn 1X90—06 


Energy n 10.68 - IB inMSC 1065—13 
Env,mn 435 —41 SmC« 1465—37! 
E trope n 1X27 —43 SoEa 1546 —IB I 


Aeinan 10*0—43 Groin:, 1232 — 34 OiuboGfin 1567 — *? Aprecnp li.17 — *2 FSTiSSp 8 76 —03 Te>E«i p i 81 — .ic Hltc^e 17.12— £5' RnSvcn 1115 —31 SirgYd 9J7 — do Heattt 

AslanGrn X37 — 13 AAoTF 11.07 — I? QiudbfR 1*08 —.38 I AuetAiln)2A2 — 16 GnmalSn I0.SS — 04 TctRetP 1140—41 Kilnefix l|.«0 — 42 Gold n 5*6 — .18 ' LebenNY 7*6 — to t Insldl^ — ... _ 

Bondn 9.74—02 US'Gov 1044 —1)3 dlooern 47*7 — TJ8 i Balnea 1X18—41 C-nmaS P 1035 — .04 iJWIrcop 5 05—16 HlIncAx 11.97 —32. Growth IW 5472 —40 | LeehPer n 1047 —16 i kltlEdA 1149 —45 In rTcmEx 00.00 —.07 

Growth 9.79—13 ArmsJtwn XI0 — 4? Cotenol Funds: I CaTT- n 14*0—15 FiatSSP 1041 — JH VATFp 12.12—15. HtthCrp 1742 —361 HIRiScn 3137— XI2 1 Less Mason; MIMuA ’45 —.13 lrittFxlnn 9*6 +.15 

Ogwnco 10*2 — 45 AtksilaGr a 10*9 — M CalTE A 7.04 -06 | Cdlnln 1110—11 IMTIS I0A7 -.09 FirsMut t!6 -J2 limp I0J3 — 14 - HiYldrp 487—101 AmerLdP 9.62 — 45 ?ZNMuA 1X25—11 IntGrEanlai? — 48 

InHGrn 17*9 — 14 Alias Funds CanTE A 748—09. CTtntn 12.17 — 77 MOCao x 10.IJ — S3 , RraOmah* .' inftB 7076 —14, Indlnconpl I A* —27 GbiGovfp 9.7* +.72 LafAmA 74.45—92 nl0.!2— .73 

SmCoGr 9.65 — A2 CoMuni 10.79—14 Fed3e< 1048 — .06'' Orcvfus 1244 — A6 MAGSSn 9 8? —46 I Eamt/nx 10.48 —48 ' JacanP HJ2 -.13 ! IrrtGov n 1X17 — M I Gvtlndnp 9.98 — 4T MninsA 734—10 SdEan 9*9—49 

Alow Funds: CAlns 9.96—07 FLTEA 7J5-37I EdBIhd 1097 —A0 MGISSn 9.93— U F.dlncn* 9.« — 4? JaBanGrBUJJ -.13 . WltlGrn 1647 —40, HTYld 0 1442 — 05 fAunLtdA ’68 -41 SmCpGrr 9*3 — A0 

Growlht 1849 —.94 GvtSeC 9 89 —M FundA 7.75 —451 FLIntn 1X05—16 MG 55 n 9.38 —IB SlFUnru 9 65 —0? ' LcfAmG 2149— 1.17 Leisure n 20*4 —80 InvGrnp 9.68 — J)5 MutnTrA ’*9—10 TxExptn 9.97—1! 

IncGrr 11*2 —46 GrcJnc 13.07—4? 'GtLEaA 1148 .. GNMAnpU3S — .04 MINSSn 9.9B — ,C6 FPDvAst p 1146 — 41 1 LatAmGB20.00-i.l7 Pocfiasn 16A2 — .10 MdTF p 1X70—13 MTk dtA 10.14—12 USGOvtn 9.87—03 

MidCuGrtlOA* -*9 NaMuni 1082 —13 GrwthA p 1J40 — *6 1 GnCA 1X11—13 Ma»Capxll.24 — 48 FP.'.luBdP 11 86 — 10 PcotP 13.M — 44 / Sellronna642 — *2 ' PATFp 1542 —.18 NJM4 

ihCopl 1?. 13— l.J4'B8*T Funds: HiYVdA 6,67 —03 OMBOP 14*8 — 15 Mmkopn.lQ94— 32 First Priority: ' PccJB 1X15—3*, ShTrSdP 9.46 — 02 / 5p«wnp l’J6— 1.07 NYMl 

ABnoceCup: , BolTrn «J2 — 15 lnaimeAD«.t7 — o* Grr/o 19*5—17 StirlTerm <0.16 — 04 . EouitvTrrteoa -4* Strata px 1045 —Do I T*Freenpl548 — 16. TxFrlnt p 14.96 —I I PocA 


TA 13.93 — *9 G?Gr p 1442 —25 Ml Mu 1036 — M 

A 1345 —12 I GrwthC pnU47 — *3 SmCcu 1’JJB— 1A7 

IA 918 - .03 I Gr IncC pnlXZB — 47 Panted n 1546—44 

'A 1D40 —08 , US GvtA p 9A5 —43 Ptmassus 30*5—149 

IA 1731 — 43 HotirvGrn 23*4 —96 Pasadena GtdWK 
■A 1544 —46 I NelnvTr n 10.18—08 BotRtnA 2037 —43 


MadMun X7S— 08 fTCoroP 9J7 
PrvneEq n 14.1 1 — « LTTsrv n ’AS — CS 


ax 1X34 —67/ WxSOOnx 41*5— 1.63 
X ?.n — 08 I moxExtnixoa — 78 


..17 GrEq fix 9.90 —JO PaxWofMnlXl4 . 


X27 — 43 IS&l 1546 —IB i GrIRA 77*3 — *6 j Rxlnn 9.77 —04 NHIySO 16*6—33 HnhAp 25*9—141 (ncpmeO UA! — 14 UWGpvA a fjP —02 ] WxTof nx JIM — 

115 —31 SffgYd 9j }- .06 1 HectrhA 3*5—17 GrEdnx 9.90— A2 PaxWortdn11l4 — 47 WYdAp 7232 —05 ' |«A 16*» -J5 Vtt Mcme rtj tta — A8 

5*6 — .18'LebenNY 7*6—10 1 Insldip 944—02 IncEdnx 948—45 PoysmBln 11A8 — 34 HYAdAa 9*9—05 InUO 16*1—26 StrWfcxi Funds 7 WW«nx jl.lfl — » 

54! — 20|LeehPern 10*7 — 16' klttEqA 1145 —45 mrTtuEX 00*0 — .07 PeocJlTBd 9A5 -JM IncmAp 6.® —02 LATxA . |*9 — M CSvi«ndn24.W— *l | Z AS 

137 —2.12 1 LesnMeaan; MIMuA 945 —.13 UittFxlnn 9*6 +.15 PeochTEqx’47 — 35 InvAp 737 —31 MassTxA 748 — JB Gnwfhn 20^ —65: W^aWdrtfOAS — *5 

487 — 02 1 AmerLd p 9.62 — 45 MKMuA 10.25—11 1mCvEqnlai7 —JX Pefican 11*6—30 MntnAp 839 —13 MOTxA 7*5—09 SmCn pn 25 33 — *9 te&rn 1UJ — JS 

IIA4— 2f GbGovtp 9.74 +.12 LafAmA 14.4S — 92 InflSeE<7fira.J2— 73 FatlCteA 5*0 -43 McTxll 9JX — JW WTW SftdMFBW te : M < K£2f" “rfS 

XI 7 -JQ I Gvtmdnp 9.98 — or MiunsA 7*4—10 SelEan 9*9 — 49 PAMurtpxlO*7 — 16 MITxfl P Xg — 09 .MkmTxA 7.7B —.07 :MMaa 1043 +41 , JfttastnxCJM— 1 6J 

447 -40 HTYld 0 1442 -05 f/unLtdA ’*8 — JM SmCpGrr 9*3 -A0 Patemaace Fte MuniAP 871 —11 MOTxA 7*4—11 An»UWra 9A1 — » MWWI nK^ — 14 

0/4—85 InuGrnp 9*8 —JB IWutnTrA 9*9—10 TxExotn 9.97 —.1! EaQjna TUBS — J? MnTxtlP 476 — J Cl NtmT/A 748—13 AJiaPacn 9*8 — 43 Murtlnt n 12.96 — 10 








a fiance n 6*0—43' GmlncT n 10*1 — 43 ! inICrA 10.05—19 Grmcn 1X90—4JI usGcvtn 9.66 —JM F’-dlrcTr 974 —.05 Strata* l 1 


*6 | Techn 21.14— U0 j ToIRet no 13*5 —36 
*7 | TflDRm 17.6S —35 1 varTrno 18.15 -*l 


?/77at1A 10.14 —.12 USGOVtn 9.87 —03 Ealnsn 11JB —49 NJTxAp 879—10 NJTxA 733 —08 OnS* nxl7.1B — 63 MuLM n 1037 —03 

NJMA 10*6 —10 Nanwst Foote InRCp 9*6— M NwOpAp2139— 149 NYTXA 7*2 — JJ9 - «SCOvn 1S38 —76 MoLong nJO*1 — -J? 

NYMnA 11.03 —11 AdiUST 9*5 —07 InFlin 9*6 —JM NYTxAp 873—12 NCtXA 7*6—12 GavScn 9.92—04 Muhtt n 71-?} 

PocA 2105—16 AaiGovA 9*6 —02 MCPGrt n 9.U —44 NYOpAp 8*1 — 06 OtnoTxA 8JK — 09 Growth nx HU! — *4 MunShtri 5*6 — ^ 

PAMA 10.91—12 COTFA 9*2—11 STFICPO 977 — JJ3 OTCEp 9.76—71 OtrTjtA 7*4—08 HWMU 9*8 — M CAMSlTnlOOl — 08 

PhnxA 1X90 — 48 1 GvttncTr X99 — D2 STRIn 9.77 —03 OhTxllp 874—08 PATxA 770—09 Mean 93? —.05 CAInsLT nlCN)— .6 

So'i/IA 1473 — J9 GvttncA 8.99 —03 Perm Port Funds PATE 8.99 — J79 CAHVTxA 6J6 — 04- msMun. 1IL5J — Jit FLInsn 1040 —17 


NY TEA 6*6—10 InvGNn 14.65 — 06 EaPInc 15.13 — -F j BalBp 11*5—43 GabelTi Funds: 


IncomeTr 7*9 —03 PermPtn 16 

IncomaA 9*0 — -03 TB»n 66 

TFlncA ?-S5 — JJ9 VBotldn 54 


—25 TXExAp 870—11 


CAHvTxA 646 
CAQTXA 430 


1 A .1033 — 15 


S iren 1040 -.17 • 
Iren 11.12 —13 - 


+ JM TFInAp 1438 —16 SCTxA 77B — *8 UlMtux -lf35 — «1 NYtasn. 1042 —12 


76 —05 TRTYA FA15 —IS USGvtAp 6JA— 03 


n 939 —13 f CTflnsn' 7TJM —Id 


CnsMnv 1044 -1] 'BEA Funds; NatfiesA 1252 — 46 InterEq P 14.96 — 18 J EdPGR 27.02 —.96 SalCtn 11*6—78 VTldwB 1435—46 ValEa 1486 —50 CL ar 1X24 —47 STGlAp 841 —03 IncomaA 9*0 — J13 TBNn 65*0 +JM TFInAp 14J58 — 16 SCTXA 778 — jOQ • Urystrw -17« — 44 1 HYttiSh. 10.C — J2 

CpBdBp 12*9-23' EM* El 20*1 —831 NYTEA 6*6—10 InvGNn 14.65 — 06 EaFInc 15.13 -3f> BalBp 11*5 -48 Gabeffi Funds: 1 InvTrCvtB t 8*9 -JS I GN?/An 7.B9 — 02 TechA 430—18 TFlncA 9*5 -J» VBondn 5476 —05 TFHYA 14.15 —IS Lg GvtA P 674 —03 MurdBd n 939— 13 OKInsn l« —10 

CnEdCp 12*9—23! InttEa 19.14—4’ OhTE A 7.09—371 MAlntn lX’l — II C-PWResc 16.43 -*3 FLMuniC 946 .1 ABCo 10.12 «Jil ;lsfetf=dna 1431 —47 ! Qatotfn 13.91—42 TXMA 10.41—14 TFIncT ’.H — 11 PeritCGn 11*7—50 TFHYBt 1415—15 KYBdAp-6*4 — 0T Ctotrtynx27-67 — 71 P Aln sn 1078 — ^ 

Count p 16.44 — .721 5tqF/inplS*9 -.14 EmSikP it 76 — .69 I f/ATonii93 — 14 Gawino ’.15 —a F.inBo 9*2 — 03 • Asset no 2X15 — 7fl I JPMlnshfc 1 Gosdldn 442—19 WkflncA 8*6—01 VoluGrA 16*2 —79 Phfto Fund . 648 — 13 TRnBt 14*9 — 16 SeafinefGfODPc STBondn 974 — JE SPErrgr S71 —49 

GlDGvtB p 8*7 — 25 1 ULCFrln UK —07 SlrtlncA 637 —JO? MunBdn 1X34 — 13 GrwOoo 034*1 — 77 FsinTn 9.83 —JK ' ConvScpnll*! — .08 , Bondn 9.43 —04, Gfhlncn 15*1 —30 AdiRB ’.52—41 VtiuGrT 1461 —79 ffloenia Series: USGvAp 1X55 — *3 Balanced 0A3A —47 STMunn 70J3? —.10 SPGoWr 13W —47 

GtSAp ia?9 — is'BFMShDvn 9 73 -JJ2 T*ExAs 1309 — .14 NJInin 1X10—1J HIMuP 11.67— IS ! HiGdTFB DI043— 16 • Eqlnc o 1140 -JO ' Diversitd n 9 0» — 19 1 Irwin 10*5 —23 Amertnat 8.90 — 15 Naeeen Funds: BatonFdxlSJlS — J4 UtflApx 377—07 Bondpx 6JJ7 —OS Total rw 22*7 — W 5PHthr 3777— m 


Go via p 749 — C4 BJ6GIAP 11.22 * J)2 I T/lnsAp 7.97 — J)7 ! NJ 7/un n 1X05 — 1 1 HfYldPn 1149— Ml HiGdTFC :lf>*)— 16 GiirtCPn 9*9—15; 

GovfB p 739 — (M BJBlEaAa 10.95 — .78 : 'JSGrA 1 1.40 —49 j NwL dr 3X61— M2 HkGip 1436—15 MnScTTit ?.« -.6: GtConvn 1049 — Of, 

GovtC P 7.89 — 0’ • BNY HamBhn US>3vA 442 —02 NYlTx np 11.18 —.13 Ltd TER P 9.94 —.10 l NCMunCt 9.57 —15 GTTeip 9*8 —27 | 


sdd r. ’ 89 — 19 1 Irwin 10*5—28 AmertnBt 490 - IS 
WkEdfc73 — 42 SIGovtn 9.70 —04 1 AZMBt 1049—15 
itynifl70-.il SfSI X« — IBfSafflf N4? -Jt 


— ... -jns USGvA 447 —02 NYiTxnp 11.11 — 13 I ud TER p 9.94 —.10 NCMunCt 9.57 — 15 GfTeio 938 —47 1 5T Bond n 9.70 —02 I VI nv X67 — JM 

GrpIrKP' 224—10 Ealnc n 10*5—48 UlilAp 11.59— *0 I NYTaxn 14.99 —.13 1 LldTBR 10.16 — J5I I USGviBP 9*9—04 Growth np21 09 — *8 SmollCon 9.60 — *2 | TEBdn 10.13—12 CalMnG t 1 1*3 — .15 I InsMun 1027—14 
GwtnC i?51-*» InkjOvt 9.41-37 CATE B I ’.OJ -.08 NYTEo 17.49 —U I LIdTEI 7.94—10! USG.iCr 9.39 -W SmCaoG lbJ4 -*4 1 SHEqty n 10*5 —47 ■ WidEm 1140 —C CAIMB 9*4—14' f AO Vat 9.81 —11 

GwthFp 2347 — i r A- MYTEn 9.96 —07 CTTEB1 776—09 Peoolnd I 1SJ* — *3 I OvseoP 1338—0’! UUiivCl 9.00 .. value p 1 1*2 — *4 'Jackson Nctwmefc ' Ltertv FomBy: CaoFdBt 2741 — *0 1 MA Ins 10*0—10 

GwthBt 19*1 — ?j,Babson Group: I FedScBt 1643 -06 PeoMidmlSCO — 7J [ STF5 o 9*3—02' vaiucBo 1/.C4 — *4 Gaiary Fimdsc • Growth 10*8—47' AmLdr 14*1 — *4 CoHIBI 7*7 —05 1 .VIA Vat 9*0—10 

Grlncflpr XJ3 — O’ BondLn 1*2 . FLT *Bt 7.25 —07 SnlnOvn 10*’ — JM StrptOoP 19*8 — *5 1 VolteCtn 17.CJ — *1 ■ Asv9A#n!0*!> -46. Income 9.72— JD, CapGrApl).90 — S3 ClnvCdB 11*1 — 05 MlVol 10*6—12 

GrinvB HJ4— 45' Bond 5 n 974 -*3 FundBt 7 75 -45 ST Inc pn 11.92 — JD3 Fideritv Instihil: . VafcreTn 17JH -33 CTMun 9.61—12 Tax Ex 10.18 — JB EqlncApx 10.99— 31 CpITBl 11.08 —05 MuniBd 8.99 -JJ7 

IncoBldC » 970 — 4! ' Enierp? n lc»47 — 59 , GlbEaB 11*5—49 StllnTp 12.99 — C3 EaPGIn 2748 — 96 i Flag InvcSlau: . EaGm 1347 -46 TtXRtn 1047 —.19 1 EalncCbt lO.’B — 31 DrcoBo 15*6—48 UJVol 9.96—10 

InMAp 9*2—17 EnYan 1642—49 1 GwthBt 13.16 — *S ThdCnlr n 7 55 — ZS EqPiln 1541—3? EmGttip 10.72 — S9 1 EWVal 1244 -JO Janus Fun* ' HiincSd 10*6—05 EuroBt 14,16—14 NY Ins 10.1? —14 

InsMuB 9 57 — 17' GwttllV 1181— l.JB HYMuBI 9.76— J» I USTlpt 1172 —06 l5nlGv 9.45 -.03 I Intln r 10*0 —04 i Ealncm n 1U0 — 45 Bakt need n 12*0 —44, HilnBdC1 10*6 — 05 1 FedSecB t 9 J9 — JQ NY Vc4 10.18—10 

IreMCp <32—17, Inn < 1644—42 HfSecBt 6.47 — JJJ 1 USTLnq 1442 —05 LtBln 10*7 — *1 ' Ir.lTrp 1X88—15: MiQBd 9.97—0.'! Enterpr n 20JS — *8 Inti Ed n 18*2—23 FL7/BI 9*1—16! OHVal 10.12—11 

IniJAp 1*45—10 Shadow nx9.66-2J2 mcoowB 6.17 _*4 uSTShn 1308 — OS RdeWv Invesi: 1 MMun. n 1045 -.12 : mtSd ?AJ _(M FedTxEx n673 -J» J InHlnc 10.17 - FdFTBI 1179 _*9 • PAVal 9*7—14 

inite 17.87 —It 1 TarFrSn 10*5 — *6 [ uuGre 10.01 —19 Dreyfus CMlistacle AgrTFm 1148 —13 1 QualGrp lxofi —43 : intEctn 12*6—131 Flxlncn 9.17—04, MnSc 11*5—10 FdGrBt 9*4—401 VAVol 9.94—13 


Ins tail — 17 


BatonFdxlSJlS —34 I 
CalTxEp 1X01 —14 I 


UtflApx 877-. 
VsraAp 6*1 ■ 


War 10.14—1? CapATX>xl7J2 — 78 WpyAp 1076 - 
Val 9*4—161 CvFdSerxl7.40 — 48 AffiBt 1073- 
Wun 1047 —141 EatyOP PX 7.15 — 43 Asi^t 1420- 


t 22.78 —AS I PLVal 9*4 —16 I CvFdSerxl7*0 ■ 
ft 1143 —IS InsMun 1047 —14 EalvOP px 7.15 
9*4 —14 • MD Vat 9.81 —11 Growth x 20.10 


Bondpx 607 —os Total rtx 2 
ComStkpas.il— 1*9 SuoAmarfcal 
BmCrp 5.77—49 BolAsetAp: 
GvSecspx 9*2 —07 BdAsetBpl 
Growth P 1566 —60 BluedipBl 


smmnn 10*7 — ,ia sPGowr 13*? —47 
Total nx 22*7—89. SPHIftr 32-72-1*3 
imAmerlcaFte SPUH x 10*7 — 42 
BatAnHA p!446 — *2 USGron U*« —4a 
BdAsetBpl4J0— 42 IntlGr 1X40—14 
BlueaiipB14*j— 59 j Welfclytwl7.7S — *5 






_ , 14*j— 59 1 WensIynxl7.7S — *5 

9*4 —.14 ■ MO Vat 9.81 —11 Growth x 20.10 — *4 AABeBBt 8*5—15 PATFpx 1X90 — Ul DfvHKBp 4*3 —05} Wettnnx 19.47 —72 

ft 2741 — 60 ) MA Ins 10*0— 10 I KYVddx 8*2—10 AACnBt 812 — JB TFIncux I3JI1 — ,17 I FcdScBP 10JJ3 —04 Wndsrnx 13*6 — *6 

2*7—05 AHA Vat 9*0—101 InGrAwt 945 — W AAGIhBt 8*1—19 WortdP 1X74 — *9, HWncAp 7*7 -JB WndSIl X 16*7 -*S 


EaGrm 1347 - 46 
Eatval 12J4 — *0 
Ealncm n 1X20 —45 


■ Growth 10*8-47' AmLdr 14*1 — *4 CpHIBI 7*7 -45 MA Vat 9*0—10 HiGrAox 945 — «24 AAGthBt 8*1—19 World P 1X74 —09 HilncAp 7*7 .Wndsflx 1647 -*5 

-46. Income 9.72 -*3 CapGrApD.90 —S3 ClnvGdS 11*1 — 05 MlVnl 10*6—12 InGrBtx 945 —23 BlOvfll 6® — 01 SertryFdo U47 — U HtlmSp 7j» — 07 ! Vfflttro»Allwa«s.- ' 

-.12 Tax Ex 10.18 —08 EqlncApK 10.99 —31 CpITBr 11.08 —05 MuriBd 399 —07 Irffl 1X42 -JM CATxBt 817 — 10 Sequotan 5663—1*7 MKVCaoAlJXSS — J2|- . 497—0 

-46 TortJtn 10*7—19; EqincC bt 10.98 — 41 DrcoBp 15*6-48 UJVol 9.96—10 MutFlAp 1248 — 10 CanvBlx 1352 —5 Seven Sere Series: -. SmCoGrABJS — *61 Munint 9.17 — *1 


10*6 —05 ! Euro 8 » 1616 —14 NY Ins 10.1? —14 MutF7B p 1246 —10 


SSRAfltt 


—03 1 Ortoann 940 — 311 SmCoGrBlil 


Inna 17.87 —.11 I TcoFrSn 10*S — JM intGrB 10.01 —19 [Dreyfus Conniodc 
MrtaAp e*0— 13; TtuFrLh 8 57 — 10 1 MATxBl 7*7 —07 CapValA NJ0 *46 


I 9*1 —16 OHVal 
It I3J« _*’ • PAVal 
t 944 -401 VAVol 


n 1/42—47 1 TetmcSnol:*: -AS MAMun 9*8—12 Fundn 13*1 -A0 USGvICP 747 — 02 GLAI8t 13.07 -.14 

... - my Mu n 1043 —14 Crthlnc 1J*8 — JSt USGvSecA 748 —01 GIBrat 9.18 +.(D 

STBdn 945—021 IntGvt 4*8 -JI2 1 UWFd 1167—49 OCvBt 10,74 -JB 


10.12 —II 
9*7 —14 
9.94 -.13 


Fdxl3JM— 31 EuGrSt 11*5—081 Matrix n 11.16 


—51 USGvA 


Bd 10*5—12 GeoBt 1X1B-46 SXPMkJnlO*! — *1 USGvA 

Rotp 1499 — 43 GIGvBtX 13*2— XK . SP5D0n . 10.10— 35 USGvBp 

9vB x 9.11—07 FLTVSr 8*2—09 STGWtO 9*6—112 TARGET: 

Opp 1X13—18 CSffirBt 9.15—13 YldPIn -9 39 •- ImefBdt 


—46 Munint 9.17 ^1)1 
—46 1 NYVan It. 70 —50 
—11 RPFSt 6.C2 
-J12 RPf=GR t 14JJ6 — A? 
-m | RPFGI II. IB -A? 


n s-s 


1X13 —18 Gtfvet 9.15—13 YldPIn -949 ■> IniBfBdln 

GrfnBt- 1X95—38 1714 Funds: toUEqn 1 

HBhBl 25*7—140 GovMed 9 45 —CM LgCOPGrn 

-WSgS ll s8^ ^^•* n T 


_ , _ _ ... , ... , ^ . CoEanl0.a9 — *1 Mercury 11*5—45 UtllFclCt 10*8 -48 1 QRsBr 1544 —26 

M13TBP 9*7— JU I value ru 25*8— 1JU. SmiStKB 16*7 _ Dreyfus Premier: BloeCh 2433 — «8 : AATEas 10*7 -.11 TEBandn!0.36 — .11 ; Overseas n»*2 —J1S .UbettyFlnandofc G1UIBI 1X19 — J4 WVa' 

MigTrC P 9.6? — 01 : BailardBiehUKaber: SlrtlnBI 4.87 —02 CAMunA 12*2 — 13 ! CAInsn 9 Be —.15 AATECo 10*5 — II Gateway Funds: | ShTmBOn 2.90 — JOK Gttilnr 10*4—40 GrIRBt 1671 -.65 j OteHa 

Mlllnt 141 • Diversan 12*2—1?! TxE.BI 13J09 — .1* . CTf/uA 11.63 —10 ■ CA Tr n 11.19—15 AZTEAc 1 047 —13 IndxHn 15*5—42. Twenn 2177—1*2; iraMun! 1045 —09 HedthBt 125-15 Oakmr 

M7/5AP xw— 08, InllEan 596 -08: TE Inset 7.97 —07 . CaaGm 1503 -45 , Canada n 1*26 — e7 CTTEA P 10.12 —10 1 SWBWG 12*0 — *1 • Venlrn 45.91— 1*7 I TFBand 1045 —Ofl InttEaBt 1142—24 Ookmr 

WAS El ew -JW , InllFin “30*. 1 2 USGrBl 11.33 -49 CTMuBl 11*2—10 CooAaa 1604 -41 COTE 3 9*5 - U Gn>: n IJ47 — 41 '.YrldW 24*3 —40 US Guv 87V —01 GfftdB 12*5 -43 Obsnw 

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TFBdA 9*8-56 Eqlnco 1578—53 RCM Fund 1959 —73 USlnCTn . 956 -kC3 IncameBf 7*1 — 06 Mlflre 1042 —11 

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UK OH 266 0536 


PEACHES 

««*‘i'!W savKS 


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(Continued From Page 4) 


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INTERNATIONA L HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994- 


Page II 


iwlnternq g^nqi Bond ,^ ^7 

V_< ^ by ‘-ourence DesviTeft^ 


A “ 0un t .. Cbhh 

(rnUUons) ** at ^ ' Price 


Rubin Sees Healthy Economy in Spite of Dollar 


JangRrta Motes 

y.\rid 


STOO 1999 i 00 Z, 

. opment Bank of ” 73 — 

OMMO - 1999 0.15 _ 99^M ~ 

VK 2032 0.15^100 ~ 

yS 2032 ^ 100-05 - 


.> de frtukzocion 5P 43,875 
_ -I, scoria nbr 3 

;•§ j-Coupcms 

li£ ; 6- Aires Province $100 

& to >2,000 

y ■::■ d National $ 1,500 

, jr^l^ Toge Association 

^Kiat Infi $150 ~ 


2005 Ojq 1QQ _ 


Owr 3- month Ubv. Redoerobta at par in 1977. f«M0.37S* 
Dencmnationt *10.000. U.P. Morgan SneurmesJ 

Ow ft. month labor. NonmBabto. Pm 035%. (CSPB Effeoaiv 
DOfliL] 

wdl bn 0.15 ov» 3-momh Libor until Oa. 1997, 
tnornartnr 030 over. Aimroga «n 154 yem. Fungfeia «wte 
OuWtanang UM, rasing total amount to £361.44 mJCon. fees 
0J8S. Dcnottanotiom tTQjMQ. (JJ», Morga n Sccurititej 

b»w«a w* be 14 over W Lrbor until Jon. 2000, there- 
otter to over. Avcroga We 5J)6 year*. Fungible widi OVtltand- 
2JB *•*, rating total amount to CCJ6A4 mdUon. Foo* 0.179K. 
Penomwotiont Cl 0.000, QJ», Morgen Swmj 

Over 3rnonth Ux y Average He 16 years. Issue h spit 80% 
'"twnohonaOy. 20% domeshcotty. Few 0335* (Goldman 
5odis In} I.) 


9 ft 99ja 
M 101.153 
7m m* 

^1% 100 


— SemmnnuoBy. hfenoaBabln. Few 1%. (Solomon Brothers IntXl 
99,17 geotfered qt 99.966. Noncdtable. Fhw 1H%. |t!S5j 
100.10 Sermannualfy. Nancalfeitjle. Foes 0325%. jMemi Lynch tntl ) 


finam 

WASHINGTON — The 
United Slates is concerned 
about the ailing dollar, but the 
economic outlook for the coun- 
try remains healthy, Robert Ru- 
bin, President Bill Clinton’s 
chief economic adviser, said 
Sunday. 

“We are concerned, we're se- 
rious and we’re focused with 
respect to the dollar,*' Mr. Ru- 
bin told NBC television’s 
“Meet the Press.” 

The dollar plunged last week 
to a record low against the yen 
and to its lowest level in more 
than a year against the Deut- 
sche mark in wbat some ana- 
lysts described as an interna- 
tional vole of no confidence in 
the Clinton administration. 

The United States enlisted 
the support of 16 other industri- 


al nations Friday in a bid to 
brake the dollar's fall, but their 
efforts failed in the face of 
heavy selling by speculators 
and investors. 

Mr. Rubin cautioned against 
rushing to judgment about the 
success of Friday’s actions dur- 
ing what be described as a “very 
difficult situation.** 

“You have to sit and wait and 
watch what happens over time 
and then make your judg- 
ments,” the While ’House offi- 
cial said. 

While the dollar is ihe issue 
of the moment, the outlook for 
the U.S. economy is good and 
Mr. Clinton deserves much of 
the credj t, Mr. Rubin said. “The 
outlook for the economy is very 
good this year and next year, 
he said. 

Mr. Rubin said Mr. Clinton 


bad tackled a huge government 
budget deficit, which hurt been 
ducked for at least 12 years. 
That helped bring interest rates 
down to a level to jump-start 
the recovery and was now keep- 
ing rates “in gear with growth,” 
he said. 

The dollar's weakness has 
sparked speculation that the 
Federal Reserve will have to 
raise interest rates next week to 
protect the currency. 

Mr. Rubin declined to com- 
ment on Fed policy or on mar- 
ket talk that Mr. Clinton will 
discuss coordinating interest 
rate policy with leaders of other 
major industrial nations at a 
summit next month in Italy. 

Some of the dollar's weak- 
ness has been fueled by specula- 
tion that the Clinton adminis- 
tration wants to see a lower 


currency to help gain access to 
Japanese markets for U.S. 
goods. A lower dollar enhances 
the competitiveness of U.S. 
products worldwide, including 
m Japan. 

Echoing comments by Trea- 
sury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen, 
Mr. Rubin denied that the ad- 
ministration was using the dol- 
lar to gain trade advantage. 
“This US. government won’t 
use the dollar as an instrument 
of trade policy,” tbc White 
House official said. 

He denied that trade talks 
between the United States and 
Japan were on hold, despite po- 
litical uncertainty in Tokyo. 
But he acknowledged that pro- 
gress will depend on what hap- 
pens in Japan. 

Japanese Prime Minister 


Tsutomu Hata resigned over 
the weekend, throwing the Jap- 
anese political system into cha- 
os. 

What Washington wants 
from Tokyo is access to the Jap- 
anese market for foreign prod- 
ucts basically comparable to 
that enjoyed by Japanese prod- 
ucts throughout the world, Mr. 
Rubin said. 

The administration is also 
seeking Congressional approval 
for U.S. participation in a new 
global trade treaty that will 
knock down trade barriers 
worldwide. Under U.S. govern- 
ment budget rules, the adminis- 
tration must come up with S12 
bH&an over the next five years 
to pay for the treaty. 

Mr. Rubin said the adminis- 
tration was “very close" to ac- 
complishing that 


— No«»8abte. Fen 2%. (Morgan Stanley tntt) 


The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, June 27 - July 3 


~ ' Wot Int'l 


im joo _ 


. is 

I’ _ . :■■■■ 

s ' _ 7 j =:.■». 

Lii Z}i ~ ?0-- 

t ^ .•» ,• • _ .* T 


Kiat Int'l 


; : l ... - ■ 


’/> — . 
i U - * 4 


as Pcmpeonq $150 

>k£ng finance Dm 250 

■ a ~ £200 

agne Generate f? 1,000 


>:■ x»nk Nederiond OF 500 
:V'f And 258 


12 V* 100 — 


1016 99.695 

6% 101 37 

9 100.355 

8J6 100.777 

m 100.55 
20 100 


- jrrz _■ 






t - ~ 






• W 

i l 

- ■ . - s : 


* ^ or _i - . 

-•* -f-JJL.- ' . 

•' - X . 1 u. - 

f - * ■ V 

■r-i- - . 

» -it -Jh-'V: »!■ 

,« i-i . « T r^maf ■mzuc 1 

*" It T -V : ‘ -a - 


; *m Industry Y 15,000 19 97 In 100.15 

opmentGorp. 

-nrtsdwfffiche y 10,000 1999 100 

tank 


y «k«d Treasury y 10,000 1997 3.18 100JD — 

■ Realty & y30,000 1998 3.B5 10114 — 

Jpmenf 

£ finance Y 10.000 1996 314 100.15 — 

: ao| ■ 

; IBank Y 100,000 1999 zero 84.22 Z" 


ly-Unfced 

stem 

■ tnent Stores 


— NoourfoWe. Fees 2'/.%. (Morgan Stanley lnt'I.J 

— CofcfaJ* at 106Vi in 2001 . Fees 2Vi%. IMotgcn 
Stanley Infl) 

— SemtanmioBy. NeneoBofale. Fees 1 % (Mernfl lynrft Inl'L) 

— Reaffered at 995?. Noncofabte. Fees 2%. (C5HS Bfeaen- 
benlc.) 

— feoffered al 9868. NoncaHabte- Feet 2%. (MerriS lynch bel.) 

— Reoffered at 99 402. Noneafkdde. Hn 7%. (Baique Naitan. 
ole de Pars.) 

— Reoffered at 99-80. Noncdfable. Fees 1* (Rabobatk) 

— Semiannual interatwB be 20% in first 6 mortta. t% ureHJurw 
1776. Thereafter, owe ipft in two equal tranches, one paying 
0A5 below 6 ta 0 nth Bank Ul rate and the other one paying 
0S8 below. Nonca labia. Fees not dodosed. Denamratkn 

' AwSl rn ffion. (Nomuro Int L} 

— Interest wfl be 2.90% in fin# year, 316% in second year, 
thereafter 4.10* CdSoble at par From 1995. foes 0.15* 
Denominations 100 miKon yen. (C5 first Boston.] 

— interest wd be 3W% in first two year s , fhese srf ter 3month 
l*or less H. Minmum coupon 3Wk maamom 530* Nona* 
labie. Fees not d e d osed . Denomi n ations 100 ndfion yen. 
(Nomura Inti] 

— Noncaloble. fees 0.15* Deno mi ntdions 100 mBSon yen. 
(Nomura MX) 

— Reoffered ct 100.175. NoncoOafaie. Fees 1*4%. Denofflnaeans 
10 mJBon yea (Darwo Europe^ 

— Non pJabte . Fees 0.15* Denomnations 100 mSon yea [Fup 
Ml Finance.) 

— Yield 338* Noncaloble. Fees 0^5* Denominations 500 
mi Bon yea (NAfco Europe.) 


A set * oduJe or mm week's economic end 
frnsndai events, compOad tor tfw trrtarrvh 
Vorwi Hemtt Trtouno by aoombvg Bust- 


Aato^PacWc 

• June 27 Kang Kong The EurO- 
money tasWute of nuance hotoe tour-day 
seminar on Asset Securitization. 

Hoag Kong Jusco Stores hdda news 
conference to announce its expansion 
plans. 

Tokyo May vehicle exports. 

W eM n gtnw Mer cha ndise Bade tor May. 
WM i ng koi Reserve Bank of New Zee- 
land biannual statement on monetary pof- 
kcy. 

• ilfie 28 Sydney Bot Mansfield, 
chief executive ot Optus Commumca- 
Sons. addr es see Securities Institute ot 
Australia on the future of Optus. 

Hong Kong Provisional May merchan- 
dise trade figures. 

Tokyo May unemployment r*e and May 
job-to-eppdeam ratio released 
Tokyo MTT1 announces May safes m 
large scale retaBere. 

o Jus* 29 Sydney Rated Akfunato. 
eseeulhre vice president ot the electronic 
slock e x c han ge of Chile, eddreee the Se- 
curities institute of Australia on Invest- 
ment opportunities m the Chilean market. 
Kong Kong Lagtstattve Council votes on 
Hang Kong Governor Chris Patten's corv 
iRMefsiaS political reform proposals. 
Hong Kong Asia Law and Practice holds 
a two-day course examining China's tax 
reforms and tnetr knpaci on foreign emer- 
pnsee and individuals. 

• Jsno 30 Csnbsns Australian job 
vacancies tot May. Forecast SUgtd gtetv 
Catena Australian balance ol pay- 
ments for May. Forecast- Current account 


deficit to drop to about Si 5 BMon Austra- 
lian dollars ($ 1.1 billion]. 

Earnings expected Broken HUl Propri- 
etory Co. 

Europe 

• June 20 Ger ma ny. Sachsen-AnhsR 
stem election*. 

Ports French budget irantstar Nicolas 
Sarkozy gives television Interview. 
•*■•27 Amsterdam: June consumer 
confidence. 

rnp e nha gen May wholesale price In- 
dex. 

Parte Bonk of Franca securities repur- 
chase tender. Outlook.- 442 billion francs 
(S73 baton) atpinng. 

■ Expected this wee* Basel: June 
toderte consumer price index. 


Earnings expected Danlsco. Asda 
Group PLC. 

• My 1 London June Chartered fn- 
■ttuie ol Puichteng Managers Mck. 

EU Germany takes over BJ's sBt-month 
rotating presUancy. 


• Jem* 20 Calgary Th* Canadian end 
American as s o cia tio ns of Petroleum Lan- 
msn open a teufday Intemattonte conter- 



FraoMet June preliminary cotH ot living 
index. Forecast Lip (LI percent In month, 
up 2.9 percent In yeat. 

• JwmSS Frankfurt DetaBs reteesed 
for 5 year Treunand Obi bond. 

London Revised economic forecasts. 
Earnings expected Eastern Electricity 
PLC. 

• June 30 Bru ss els start ol Europe- 
an C om mission's audiovisual conference 
to de te r m ine EU policy tor the Industry. 


Cs ndngt trir*"— ** Barra Inc, Btomet 
Inc., Liman Vernon Corp. Quick a Rekiy 
Group Inc.. Sun Television & Appl ian ces 
Inc. 

a Jroe 27 Wssttb^toe The National 
Association ol Radium meases sedating 
home sates tor May. 

Naw York Beer, Beams a Co. Inc. hosts 
Its nth annual teehnoiogy conference 
featuring over 120 companies including 
Earnings ex pe c te d Arrow International 
tee. Interstate Bakeries Corp, Watgreon 
Ca 

• Jaw 28 WteNtagtoa The Labor 
OaperttnerH reports May Import-export 
price indices. 

Weditegtuw May new home sales. 
Mexico CKy The central bank an- 
nounces results of Ks weekly auetton of 
tasobonos. Outlook: Rene up from 7.0 
percent 

Brad Stock markets to doae earty end 
banks al 330 pm., as Brazfl plays Sw e den 
in World Cup. 

& reteg s sspaoted General MBs Inc., 
Helene Curbs Ind ustri e s too. Quality 
Food Centvs tec, Shopto Stores Inc. 

• Jtew 29 Wa aWn gte n Final gross 
domestic product growth tor the Drat 
Quarter. 

WasN ngtou Rertead araFquetter after- 
tax corporate profits. 


W oodtond a , Tens Mitchell Energy & 
Development Corp- holds Its annuel 
shareholders meeting. 

Wash in gton Deportment of Energy Is- 
sues Its weekly report on U.S. petroieum 
stocks, production, imports and reSneiy 

Aritogtoo, Vbgtota Gas Association re- 
leases ns weekly U.S. natrael gw Inven- 
tory report. 

Wx rh i n gton Mortgage Benksra Associ- 
ation of Amorioa releases He weekly re- 
port on mortgage appllcattons. 

New York Money MagazlnwABC News 
rateese weekly consumer conndanca In- 
dex. 

Earrings expected Supervalu Inc. 

• Jane 30 Chicago Chicago Nation^ 
Asso cia ti on ot Purchasing Management 
reteases Ha Indices for June 
W ashington Commerce Department re- 
ports personal income and spending tor 
May. 

Washtegton May factory orders. 
BraaMte Economy Minister Rubens RF 
ox>aro to give last taievfeed talk before 
the country's new currency, ihe real, en- 
tere ctrculatton July 1. 

Ottawa April gross domestic product. 
Ottawa Prefimtoary estimates ol prind- 
pd field crop sea. 

Buenos Abes Dearilne lor Argentine 
workers to choose one of the 23 new 
private pension funds or elect to continue 
In the slate system. 

Austin, Texas Deadline tor Elactro- 
souroe Inc. to raise SS million In capital or 

risk a cutoff of funding from onetime part- 
ner BDM International Inc. 

Vancouver, BrfBsh Columbia Robert 
McTeer. president ot the Federal Raaaiva 
Bank at Darias, speaks to the Western 
Economi cs Association's annual totems- 
ttonal conference. 

Washington LLS--lmposad deadnne tar 


Chtoa to negotiate a settfemem in a de- 
pute over the protection of inteitocnul 
property righa. 

Washington US. -imposed deadline for 
Japan to have demonstrated adequate 
market-opening measures to foreign 
medical equipment and telecommunica- 
tions supples. 

Washington The Labor Department re- 
ports initial weekly state unemployment 
compe nsa tion Insurance claims. 
W a sh i n g ton The Treasury Department 
reports weekly money supply. 

Earnings ex pe cte d Food Uon Inc., 
Stride HlteCorp. 

• Jnhr 1 Brazil Brazil's Bfth currency 
since 1966, tee real, enters circulation. 
AapAibor.McNgan UmverehyotMIch- 
tgsn releases its revised consumer senti- 
ment index tor June. 

Washington May leading econo mi c in- 
dicetora. 

Washington May construction spend- 
ing. 

Ot ta wa Alt markets, go v ernment offices 
and most businesses will be closed tar 
nations! hotiday. 

Tamps, Arizona National Association of 
Purchasing Management releases Its in- 
dices for June. 

Palo Alto, CaBtomte Holdings Ltd.'s 
SSJ1 billion lander offer lor Syntax Corp. s 
acted tried m e x pire. 

New York RJt. Macy&Co. directors 
meet with Federated Department Stores 
Inc. to discuss Federated's S3JH bUUon 
plan to merge with Uacy once It exits 
Chapter 11 bankruptcy. 

Houston Baker Hughes Inc. releases Its 
weekly surrey of tee number of active OR 
and gee drtlfing rigs in the United Stans 
and Canada 

Wa a Wn gten The Fed retoases its weakly 
report of assets end BabiUties ot commsr- 
claf banks. 


$75 2001 3 100 


— NcncoKobfe. Convertible of T$45 per dure and cri T$27JM5 
per doBar. Fees 2K* Reduced from $100 mflioa (Bacaigs 
Irrt) 


DOLLAR: Buyers Remain Wary 


eath and The Company 

<uld Shareholders Know the State of CEO’s Health? 


--V 


■ :: • - *'*sm3r 


.v 1 

i *•* 


.t • . -a-; 

- jr. -. 


V> - - 


- ‘ Susan Antilla 

f New York Tunes Semtx 

- iW-YORK — The presen- 
" i by the company Wednes- 

" owning was wdl received, 
' be stock popped 6.8 per- 
■ by the day’s end, buoyed 
- e management team’s rosy 
ok. 

1 would investors have 
■ ” abled to buy shares of the 
; ' r> : Jtrant chain. Buffets Inc_, 
they known of a company 
. ■ Jffy the night before? 

“ ily hours before the pre- 
. v.' : ition to securities analysts 

" investors, Jerome M. 
-v dty 49, the vice president in 
‘ - Jp of real estate, had died 

- ~ ' of a heart attack — a 

.‘.piece of information that 
efs management chose not 
rnre with the audience at a 
"- .'^’‘erence at the Minneapolis 
riott City Center. 

.. ; he issue of disclosure of ex- 
ive illness and death is un- 
. -- laudably laden with emo- 
i — and sometimes 
— at publicly held 
tpanies, which have an obli- 
j on to inform investors of 
^ final facts that could affect 
. i : snpany’s performance. 

■ -j. a Buffets’ case, Clark C 

nt, vice president of B- 
■*. ice, said, “We didn’t feel it 
• ^appropriate putting it out 
- j ‘ Ihe wire.” 

r> - *ubhc companies are obh- 
. . ' fid to tefi in\'cslOTS about the 
ilthand well-being oS key ex- 
. itives “if there is a substan- 
. . .H hlih ood that a reasonable 
^vXStor would conader it im- 
■■ rtant in making an invest- 
- nt decision, ** said Stephen J. 
suite, a partner at Schulte 
St Zabd, a law firm. 

“i- If Mr. Wendt had direct re- 
^.Msibflity for making dea- 
OS- that could affect the com- 
:,ay’s growth potential or 
■; .-.Btegic plans, “I think tt 
old be a piece of news that 
. «stors would find important 
• evaluating a buy or sell dea- 
he added- . 

' Mr. Wenck was a key player 

Buff cis, which is based m 
■r lea Prairie, Minnesota, ne 

is the executive “in charge of 

gotiatmc leases and gettmg 
v ‘clocaffiis," Mr. Grant fmd. 

re real estate vice president s 
■ . it has been of particular sig- 
Sconce. to Buffets berause or 
< e company’s aggressive ex- 
3 h»Ksi plans: 50 new reshjj£ 

. » - Ais are slated to be built this 
' : *r, only 11 of wh«* nave 

. ifia completed- „ 

Mr. Wendt was an “integral 

>W of those plans 
1 fertile in selecting building 
tes; Mr. Grant said. 

■ So why not teB investor 
bout his d«ihv particuiany 
lyraj the opportunity to &“■ 

. . aoinate the inf ormation etI1 " 
eatiy at the conference? 

. Mr- Grant said that he did 

« consider the executives 

eath to be a material evenu 
dding that the company law- 


yer who reported to Mr. Wenck 
“was aware of the tragedy,” but 
had not advised management to 
do anything other than “busi- 
ness as normal.” And the com- 
pany’s outside legal counsel 
said that Securities and Ex- 
change Commission giriitelinK 
did not warrant disclosure, Air. 
Grant said. 

Thus, when Roe H. Hatlen, 
chief executive officer, and Jo- 
seph A. Conti Sr., president, 
gave their presentations on- 
Wednesday, it was of business 
prospects and expansion plans 
that they spoke — not of the 
company’s loss of key talent 

But “obviously it was public 
knowledge on Thursday when it 
hit the papers,” said Mr. Grant 
Perhaps so. But the limited au- 
dience that scans the paid obit- 
uaries of the local Mi nne apolis 
paper no doubt falls short of 
including the universe of 1 1,800 
shar eholders in Buffets. 

Companies have become 
more diligent in recent years 
about disclosing information 
about the health of their key 
executives, said Mr. Schulte. In 
early 1993, Tenneco Inc. said 


Michael H. Walsh, its chair- 
man, had brain cancer, and 
Time Warner Inc. disclosed in 
late 1991 that its chairman. Ste- 
ven J. Ross, had prostate can- 
cer. 

Indeed, the corporate trend is 
toward more timely and candid 
disclosure in executive health 
issues, said Mr. Schulte. He not- 
ed, for example, that when com- 
panies gp public they are now 
careful to provide details of any 
illness in their executive ranks 
in the documents they file with 
the SEC. Mr. Schulte makes 
sore to speak with each of a 
company’s key executives when 
his firm is in charge of produc- 
ing registration documents, 
asking them, among other 
things, “whether they’re aware 
of any physical situation that 
might impact on their ability to 
serve in their capacity." 

StiB, Mr. Schulte; the securi- 
ties lawyer, suggests that it 
should be up to shareholders to 
decide whether they feel com- 
fortable holding on to a stock 
on health-related news. And 
when it comes to senior execu- 
tives, “death is pretty material.” 
be said. 


BONDS: Dollar Is Major Factor 


Continued from Page 9 

three years was priced to yield 
17 bass points over U.S. bench- 
mark levels. The paper was 
marketed as a Eurobond target- 
ed to'retafl investors and to cen- 
tral banks, which only buy 
short-dated paper- 
Although U.S. b anks pn>- 
.j .JKnn fhf> naner at a 


over ireasuiiGo, , 

debt rating was recently low- 
ered to Aa by Moody’s Inves- 
tors Service In<L. opted few the 

sche Bank to assure a successful 
placement The managers, who 
between them und^wom hatf 
the issue, acknowledged that 

SsWdrA'S 


keep the spread at a steady 17 
basis points. 

The three-year range in dol- 
lar-denommated issues is glut- 
ted as most of this year's issues 
have been short-dated. Never- 
theless, managers insisted that 
these is a shortage of sovereign 
bearer bonds al mis maturity — 
the reason why they rejected the 
global formal where bonds are 
registered. 

The relatively large volume 
of issues denominated in Eur- 
oyen continues to reflect the 
high amount of liquidity avail- 
able for investment in Japan 
and the insistence of Japanese 
investors to keeping their in- 
vestments in yen so long as the 
currency outlook remains un- 
stable. With nominal and real 
yields in Japan the lowest in the 
world, thepaper appeals only to 
the Japanese. 


Continued from Page 9 

trap — show their inability to 
rally the dollar and thereby en- 
courage speculators to go short 
so that the next round of inter- 
vention would succeed in a big 
way. 

“Judging by the relatively 
modest amount spent on inter- 
vention. only a couple of billion 
dollars, and the widely tele- 
graphed intention to intervene, 
it’s hard to believe that the cen- 
tral banks expected to leave the 
field with a victory,” one New 
York trader said. “The way the 
intervention was conducted 
seemed to be an invitation for 
speculators to go short.” 

But other observers question 
whether speculators could be 
seduced to walk into such a 
trap. 

Failing that, officials will 
have to find a way to convince 
international investors — par- 
ticularly those in Japan and 
Switzerland, countries running 
large current-account surpluses 
— to resume investing in dollar- 
denoxninated assets. 

“Until the Fed increases in- 
terest rates, the dollar is 
doomed to slip and slide,” said 
Avinash Persaud at J. P. Mor- 
gan in London. “A quarter- 
point increase at this point 
would not be sufficient to lift 
the dollar. We need a half-point 
increase;” he asserted. 

The aim would be to enhance 
the appeal of short-term invest- 
ments. Three-month dollar in- 
terest rates are a quarter-point 
below German levels and a 
mere quarter-point above Swiss 
rates. A substantial increase in 
dollar interest rales would calm 
fears about too rapid a rate of 
economic growth and possible 
inflationary pressures and 


Euromarts 
At a Glance 

Eurobond Yields 

JiaiM Jun 17 YrfeeftYtl 


thereby stabilize the U.S. bond 
market, where yields this year 
have already risen by more than 
one percentage point. 

Stabilizing prices in the bond 
market is thought to be the key 
to calming the equity market, 
which has been unsettled by the 
near steady increase in bond 
yields. 

Most experts argue that it is 
this contagion from one domes- 
tic market sector to another and 
the spread from the United 
States to European bond and 
equity markets that officials are 
trying to contain. 

Paul Chertkow, London- 
based analyst at Union Bank of 
Switzerland, said that central 
banks erred by having too mod- I 
est a goal. “Tbc intervention 
was aimed at stabilizing the dol- 
lar, to stop it from falling, when 
it should have been targeted to 
push the dollar through key re- 
sistance levels of 1.6250 DM 
and 102.50 yen. 

He scoftaj at caDs for a rise 
in short-term U.S. rates and in- 
sisted that a clear statement 
from Washington that it wants 
a higher dollar coupled with 
heavier intervention would be 
enough to defuse the crisis now 
budding in financial markets. 


For investment 
information 

Read 

the MONEY REPORT 
every Saturday 
in the IHT 


L’OR^AL press release 

In a press release of 14 April 1994, L’OREAL announced a protect to transfer and acquire shares in 
COSMAJR INC. (USA). COSMAIR Canada, LORSA/FAGEL (Switzerland) and PROCASA (Spain). 

The financial terms and conditions of the transfer of shares from Mrs. BETTENCOURT, NESTLE and 
L'OREal, which will be submitted to L’ORfzAL shareholders, are as follows: 

a. -The companies whose shares will be transferred will be valued, subject to some adjustments, on 
the basis of turnover for the period from 1 May 1993 to 30 April 1994, converted into. French francs 
using the average of the month-end exchange rates for the period ; 

b. - Therefore : GESPARAL’s transfer of 51.16% of COSMAIR US and 29.63% of COSMAIR Canada to 
L’OREAL will be valued at FF 4j007 mfUfon, and will be paid for by the allocation of 3,271,021 new 
L ORFAL shares at a price of FF 1,225, the price per share having been calculated specifically using 
average stock market prices. 

Following this operation, L’OREAL’s share capital will consist of 61,460,197 shares. 

GESPARAL’s interest in L’OREal will increase from 51.04% to 53.65%. The new L'OREal shares, 
as well as the transferred shares, will be cum-dhridend as of 1 January 1994. 

These proposals are based on the following: 


TURNOVER 1 May 1993 to 30 April 1994 

In local currency In French francs 

1993 NET PROFIT 

USS 1,355 million 

Can $ 201 million 

SF 129 mflRon 

Ptas 27.200 million 

FF 7323 million 

FF 876 milfion 

FF511 million 

FF 1,156 million 

USS 59.7 million 

Can S 9.7 million 

SF 16.67 minion 

Ptas 1,4876 million 


COSMAIR US 
COSMAIR CANADA 
LORSA/FAGEL 
PROCASA 


If this transfer had taken piaceon 1 January 1993, taking Into account the 1993 net profit earned by the 
companies concerned and converted at 1993 year-end exchange rates, it would have increased 
L’OREaL’s net earnings per share In 1993 by 2.1 %. 

A fairness opinion wifi be requested from CRtDfT COMMERCIAL DE FRANCE. 

As required by law, the President of the Commercial Court will appoint one or several expert apprai- 
sers of capital contributions to assess the value of the shares transferred by GESPARAL to UOREAL 
The expert's report trill be presented to the L’OREAL Extraordinary General Meeting to be called 
before the end of the year to approve those transfers. 

As soon as the transfer is carried out, NESTLE will sell the remaining shares in these companies to 
L'OREal for cash as follows: 

• 45.11% of COSMAIR US. *100% of LORSA/FAGEL, and, 

• 4127% of COSMAIR Canada. • 30.63% of PROCASA, 

for an amount of FF 4,784 million, calculated on the same basis as the valuation of the transfer. 
The L’OREAL Group, 41 rue Martre, 92117 Ciichy. France - Fax (33-1) 47568002 


CURRENCY AND CAPITAL MARKET SERVICES 


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tateMw 

6.73 

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626 

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7.te 

7.19 

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MT 

92 

9.47 

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FullerMoney - the Global Strategy Newsletter 

Ccvo:inr; fc-nc^. cuvr.'CWi S cc.~i:-.- ■: . 

fsiW.-.’.IS.-oyrj vlrrte:'- fcy acv p fa: — .--ir-jj-rs ‘ |. . .. r, - 




TO OUR 

IN POLAND 

Hand-delivery of the IHT day-af-pvblication is 
^ available in these ahes-. 
Warsaw, Cracow, Gdansk, 

Poznan and Wrodaw. 

Please cal!: MINI-MAX GMBH 
Tel: 4329 46/43 00 28 Fax: 43 °° 20 



S 

Noes 

S 

Nte 

niuitew 

157*6 

61100 

B 2 UI 

160170 

Omen 

■LTD 

*620 

9750 

14750 

FRlta 

SLR 

life 

68650 

641 OB 

ECP 

353030 

250 < 7 Q 

9,17950 

755150 

TOM 

<04050 

U 7 B. 1 I 10 JI 750 1156150 

Ssanomi 

creel 

EincMsr 



Nan) 

s 

Kaos 

smarter 

<46450 2051150 2 & 22 SOO 7957550 

Convert. 

<6750 

ex* 

157110 

UZ 1.90 

FUt 

biota 

15)190 &M 164 

353350 

ECP 

1 MJ 0 

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Source.' furpetoor, C Met 

LOor Rates June 24, 

I -rosin Jronta frooa* | 


Evl 



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tefsfratBgfaSiCteSvsrsddaJy' 

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59/16 

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Sources: Uovtb Bank. Reuters. 



MEMBER SFA 


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Jfcralh^SSribunc 







' a g<? 12 


BVTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY. JUNE 27, 1994 


^week’s Markets 




| JUW34 
3636M 
176J1 
I589M 
<0953 

5113* 

S44J5 

107460 

20764 


JUW17 at** 
377&J& —349% 
182S1 — 3.16% 
»4S24« -178% 
42407 — 333 % 
*5845 —341 % 
SROl —311% 
— 145% 

1022.90 — 
mV*} —158% 

2'H51 —343% 


Money Rates 


WS3 ' 2DSW2 

^^ Se " 9 a * 1 - 00 9.11196 -156% 

IttClB 

9*5.10 630i0 —0.89 ft 

* ltar *» ‘nue* From Mown Starter Cental InT 


Unlteq Stata% 

June 24 

June 17 

Discount role 

3-1 

3": 

Prime role 

7ft 

r* 

Federal tunas rale 
■logon 

4-.-S 

*'-■ 

Discount 

lft 

ift 

Coll man?. 

2 

7 

■3-monlh interbank 
Gerrnonr 

21 '16 

? 1 16 

LOfflBard 

6M 

600 

Call money 

J95 

50S 

3-montti interbank 

Britain 

SJW 

505 

Bonk base rale 


5-4 

Can monev 

5 

4ft 

3-month Iniertxmh 

S‘ t 

S' s 

Sow June 24 June 17 

Cnir 

London t>.m. ti»_5 389.90 

38755 

+ 0J3S 



Ethical Investors 
Call a Meeting, but 
Few Are Interested 



This week’s topics: 

0 Cover Unilever’s Global Fight 
0 The World Cup: Half Full? 

0 Special Report: Wonder Chips 
0 The Weak U.S. Dollar 
O Russia Unloads State Companies 

Now available at your newsstand! 


BusinessWeek International 
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1 for subscriptions call UK44-62B-23431 Hong Kong 852-523-2939 


International 

Classified 

Marketplace 

• Monday 

Internationa I Conferences and Seminars 

• Tuesday 
Education Directory 

• Wednesday 

Business Message Center 

• Thursday 

International Recruitment 

• Friday 

Real Estate Marketplace. Holidays and Travel 

• Saturday 

Arts and Antiques 

Plus over 300 headings in International Classified 
Monday through Saturday 
For further information, contact Philip Oma in Paris; 
Tel: (33*1)46 37 94 74 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 

Hcral M^^ lfcrtbunc 


Bloomberg Business .Vo; 

TORONTO — They held a 
conference on eihicaJ investing 
a week ago. and nobody came. 

Well, make that only a few 
came. 

Organizers sent out 9.400 in- 
vitations to the “First Interna- 
tional Conference on Socially 
Responsible Investment** and 
160 showed up. Telephone calls 
to 150 Canadian fund compa- 
nies resulted ha three registra- 
tions. 

Of 60 invitations mailed to 
European mutual fund firms 
with any involvement in ethical 
investing, only five sent repre- 
sentatives. Three of those were 
featured speakers. 

“Socially responsible invest- 
ing in Canada is a very tough 
sell.” said Marc de Sousa- 
Shields, executive director of 
Canada's Social Investment Or- 
ganization. He said he was 
“thrilled” by the turnout. 

The ethical movement is 
“slowly building a mass of pro- 
fessionals,” he said. He and 
others argued that ethical funds 
are not underperfonners. 

In Canada, the Social Invest- 
ment Organization classes 12 
mutual funds with $610.4 mil- 
lion in assets — out of 680 in 
the country — as ethically cor- 
rect. 

Ten of the so-called ethical 
funds that have been around 
more than a year posted an av- 
erage return of about 12 percent 
over the past year, compared 
with 12.8 percent for 190 Cana- 
dian equity funds, according to 
Fun da la Canada Inc., a re- 
search firm. 

Three funds on the ethics} list 
that have been around at least a 
decade returned 9.03 percent 
compared with a 10-year aver- 
age of 10J percent for 72 Cana- 
dian equity funds, according to 
Fun data. 

to Philip Armstrong, presi- 
dent of Altamira Investment 
Services Inc., which oversees 
some $3.81 billion, “You sort of 
start playing Cod a little bit 
about what is ethical.” Another 
problem is that “it limits you 
too much" to a few companies 
that meet the criteria, be said. 

Making socially responsible 
investments is not “something 
people naturally do,*' said 
Cbantal Campbell, a broker for 
Midland Walwyn Capital Inc. 
“You really are putting perfor- 


L1VC. 


By James Bennet 

jVew- York Tmes Service 
DETROIT — General Mo- 
tors Corp. is offering some of its 
idled hourly workers up to 
$60,000 to move to four plants 
where jobs are available. 

The offer is the latest in a 
series of attempts by GM to 

Mr. Campbell, a board mem- P’f * drain o„ 0* 

Tm;nfirnnni rv_ coffers — members of the Umt* 


on indefinite layoff, Mr- Ltcan 
laid-off 

that 


plant in Arlington, Texas, also give up tbeir recall rights, 
which makes rear-wheel-drive whit* usually guarantee that - 

cars like the Chevrolet Caprice; woikss who move can return In addition, other t 

its plant in Shreveport, LouisT to their old plants if jobs, open workers have prosTU^ __ 
ana, which makes small pick- up. they will retire within tw <\- . % 

ups; its plant in Janesville, wis- Mr. Licari said some workers ■ F ~' r “* Tcec 

conan, which .builds full-size had elected to move, but be de- 


raance as your second objec- 


sport utility vehicles, including dined to say how many. He said 
the Chevrolet Suburban, and its the company had not set a date 

me offer: 


ber of the Social Investment Or- 
ganization, said that even ethi- 
cally motivated investors get on 
the phone to their brokers “the 
second they aren’t making 
money.” 

Socially conscious funds 
avoid investing in companies 
that pollute the environment, 
produce armaments and tobac- 
co or treat their employees bad- 
ly- 

Instead, they invest in com- 
panies that make large dona- 
tions to charity and provide em- 
ployees with stock options and 
comprehensive benefits. 

Many of those attending the 
two-day conference were activ- 
ists in peace and environmental 
movements or represented la- 
bor groups. 

The keynote speaker. Ontar- 
io’s Socialist premier. Bob Rae, 
urged investors not to support 
dog-eat-dog capitalism “in 
winch some triumph and others 
collapse.” He added: “There’s 
not much point in creating piles 
and piles of wealth for some if 
all it means is putting up great 
monuments to wealth and ig- 
noring what happens to people 
in that kind of economy. 

Tim Smith, executive direc- 
tor of the lnlerfaith Center on T rmrlrvn 
Corporate Responsibility, a 
New- York group that co-ordin- 
ates information among church 
groups, said: “We are the 
counter-culture.” 

By contrast, mainstream in- 
vestors take the approach that 
“if you knew it was wrong but it 
was legal” to make certain in- 
vestments, said Mr. Smith, 

“you'd still do it" 

To most in the ethical-invest- 
ing audience, Grahame Lyons 
of Fidelity Investments Ltd. 
represented the mainstream. Fi- 
delity’s funds have almost $300 
billion in customer assets under 
management. 

Mr. Lyons said be weighs 
such considerations as inflation 
and interest rales, not moral 
consequences, when making in- 
vestments. 

He enraged some listeners by 
saying that while low wages in 
some Asian countries amount- 
ed to pennies a day. they were 
offset by a low cost of living. 


ed Automobile Workers union 
who draw full wages for not 
working. 

The UAW negotiated that 
benefit as part of a 1990 con- 
tract with GM. in order to dis- 
courage the company from lay- 
ing off workers. 

Under the terms of the 1993 
contract, GM can generally 
force laid-off workers to take 
new jobs only if those jobs are 
within SO mfles of tneLr old 
ones. As a result, GM has re- 
sorted to a series of sweeteners 
to induce its workers to move or 
retire. 

Through the new offer, GM 
is trying to move workers to its 


in exchange for 85 pen*n* 
accept a job in titeintcnifl* 

plant in Defiance, Ohio, which for ending the offer: Licari said he did not know n L 

casts iron For engine. blocks and A spokesman for the union, many workers were u* that ca 
other components. Reg McGhee, also said be did gxy. 

Under the tenns of the deal, not know how many members 

which has baa available to -«nnnn 

some workers since April, em- About ^,400 of GM^s 250,000 


T^e 1993 contract also forced 

GM to set aside unify 

lion to pay laid-off workers 

ployees who decide) lo move will hourly workers are laid off and through 1996, up from shgM‘> 
receive a $25,000 bonus, said have the P rotected status more than $3 billion under me 
Charles £ Licari, a spokesman guarantees them full wages, the j 990 contract. 


at 


company said. . ’ rt rf er is aimed 

Another 2,750 workers are on Dfotected status 

Afc/uit workers witn proicvr f . 


laid off from five 


for GM. 

Employees will be reirn- indefinite layoff, drawing about . 

bursed for some moving ex- 70 pen^t of their gross pay ~ NuVS . California; 

penses and will receive addi- a combination of pay- plants: Van Nuys, carnu ^ 

uonal bonuses after the first mentsTrom the amo maker rad Wentzvdte, ^soun. 
and second years at their new unemployment insurance. After ‘ow^ Ohio, Dravd^ wn 
jobs. 36 w^eks OQ indefinite layoff . and Indianapolis, Indiana. 


Workers who move give up the workers attain protected 
seniority rights, which among status. 

things determine which At the end of 1993, GM had 
about 3,900 workers with pro- 
tected status and another 7,600 


other things determine w! 
assignments they receive and 
which shifts they work. They 


AM’s common shares 0HI 
115 cents Friday, to S 50.623, 
on the New York Stock Ex- 
change. More than 2.2 million 
shares changed brads. 


WORLD STOCKS IN REVIEW 


Amsterdam 

The market caught the negative mood of. 
other world markets last week, with the 
AEX losing 5.95 points to end the session 
at 381.43 in thin trading. 

The market had moved cautiously ahead 
in midweek, but feU back amid further 
fears of the consequences of the plunging 
dollar. 


Upsets on the bond rad foreign ex- 
change markets and fears of returning in- 
flation in Britain drove the London stock 
market down sharply last week to levels 
last seen almost a year ago. 

The Financial Times-Stock Exchange 
Index shed 1463 points or 4.84 percent in 
five sessions to end the week at 2,876.6, the 
lowest level since last July 27. 


Among stocks featuring during the 
week, Eurotunnel felL Euro Disney, which 
just .split its stock two for one and 
launched a capital increase on Monday,, 
plunged 65 pence ($10) to end at 135. 

The media had a tough week following a 
price reduction by the Daily Telegraph. 

Frankfort 

The market dropped sharply last week, 
due to the dollar's weakness and a sudden 
rise in interest rates, but then it pulled 
itself together to regain some losses in 
what dealers called very volatile trading. 

The DAX index ended Friday at 
2,005.3 lpoints, 22 percent below the level 
of the previous Friday. For the medium 
tens, Commerzbank forecasts a DAX at 
around 2J50 points. 

On the bond market, average yidd.on 


government issues ended Friday at 6.92 
percent, against 6:93 the previous Friday. 

Hong Kong 

;Local and global uncertainties con- 
spired to push down stock prices last week, 
with the Hang Seng Index shedding 232-96 
points, or 236 percent, lo end at 8.881.00. 

Volume was thin, averaging 2.60 billion 
Hong Kong dollars ($336.38 million), 
compared with 4.03 billion dollars during 
the previous week. 

Amid fears of U.S. interest-rate hikes, 
the Hang Seng Index plunged by a total of 
256.18 points on Monday and Tuesday, 
then staged a 109.01 -point return Wednes- 
day and Thursday. On Friday: news (hat a 
Sino- British meeting on financing Hong 
Kong's new airport had failed again to 
reach agreement sent stocks sliding 85.79 
points, or nearly ! percent.' 




£0 l 


TlOH 


Patricia Wells, the International Herald Tribune's award-winning 
restaurant critic, revisited each of the more than 300 restaurants, bistros, 
patisseries, salons de the and cafes, for this third edition of her popular 
guide. In her search, she discovered 100 exciting new places that have 
made it into this entertaining and useful book. 

The critics raved about the first editions: To walk the streets of Paris 
- without deadline or curfew - stalking everything wonderful to eaL.. Ifs 
the dream of every one of us in love with food. And Patricia Wells has 
done it... No serious hedonist should go to Paris without it." 

- Gael Greene. New York Magazine. 

“...it is impossible to read it and not want to be in Paris. Now." 

- Lois Dwan. The Los Angeles Times. 

“...one of the best guides in English. And, mon Dieu, it was done by an 
American. There will be consternation in high places." 

- Frank PriaJ, The New York Times. 



Consolidated trading for week 
ended Friday, June 24. 
(Continued) 

SdK 

Stocks Div Yid H»5 High Low Cbe Oat 


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< 


THIRD EDITION 


i> 


*Food hoveri Guide to 



Rtudcboo*. re Pam — 
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lift, l 




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A 525 15% 14V, 15 —V, 

-18116 2814 24% 2616 —4% 


.12 


i! 


The Food Lover's Guide to Paris," in a completely revised and updated 
third edition, includes Patricia Wells' lively critical commentary, 
anecdotes, history and local lore. A great gift idea. Paperback, 408 
pages, with photographs throughout. 

Published by Workman Publishing (New York) and avaflable by mail 
from the International Herald Trfoune. 


I 

I Please send me 


-copies of FOOD LOVERS GUIDE TO PARIS.Tfwd Edition. 


at U.K. EI0.5Q (U.S. S14.95) each, plus postage per copy Europe £2.50; Noth 
America Africa. Middle East E5; rest of world £7.75. 

NAME 


!-> E-0C1 »w-.: 

AD DP ESS 


crrY-coDECOUHTav 


Payment is by credit card on!y. Please charge my credit card: 
□ Access ”Ame* Z Oners □Eurocara □ MasterCanl Zv ea 



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Remm ycur erder t International Heralc Tribune Offers. 
37 Larrtjl?/-. Ro3d. Lcndon SV7Z0 CL‘.V England. 
f=cr faster se<%cfl. f9A Vde? to: fAfi^i ; WA-5243 


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Mannlb 40 3.1 699721’.* 19V* 1941—144 
MorshFn _ 830 10 9V%- 10 • - 

Marlak ._ 735 9'A *V* 8V* — 1 

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MasonOtx 1J6 331 1347 45 

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Mracmn -.793714 13ft 13ft —ft 

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LOWCIU - 4077 12% II lift— J . 

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_ 397 91* 9 * _ 

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- 82 24? lii 1 §. — *u 

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_ 213 2ft 2V* 2V% —ft 

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a ikw 

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ADELINES 


•Y, - 

toe Wins Frach Open Golf Tide 

■4SAlNT-QLTENTns0Si-YVHI IMpc t 

m of England, slang the round (A . FP ! — Mark 


fuT* • f . pc of England, slang the round frrZ'Tl (A f P) — Mark 

-:; 1 *3*5** U>Stalhe S?*- *01 66 


;v: n * 

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auriur.-. 


* raakrr'ir^ 

4t54rii.£ Vv. 

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~ - • “.i i ” IBALakers in 
••“• ’-tM \\., n 5a he exact amoi 
: i -• Me"; :^;The Phfladd] 

^ ^iSi^fir National 1 


i,r\ „ : — ■ nave signed the 3<-vear-nld Fer 

:$s££r ■£- - 

lg ,00th ““"“*»«■ mich Xm] 

, Marr T hror leny, 60. a symbol of the futility of one the most 
ttgKxnmc tea s m baseball, the 1962 New York MeLfdjStf 
^ncer at his 1 rae in rural Fisherville, Tennessee. (NYT) 


2 iv, rrr . 


H °ng Kona 

L.xa: .. v 


;Marv Thn 

pisl ju.iagicomic ti 
:h ; a-.juocer at his 


f*n Tuesday night < “ u ™ 

y^ 2631 ^ wilh a 22- S first test victory 
? eUa , made ™&by union 


v.rtil : 

r - . 




Friday’s Une Scores 


-- *•* 


{Standings 


AMERIOH LEA SUE 


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NATIONAL LEAGUE 
East Division 


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46 25 

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33 40 

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Central Dtviskm 
42 30 

-583 

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’■ wuon 

40 33 

548 


; Itsburgh 

35 34 

*93 


* Louis 

35 36 

*93 


. ikzsM 

30 40 

*29 


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' s Angeles 

West Dlvtsioa 
37 34 

507 


4orada 

34 39 

-466 

p. . 

"• n Ffanctsca 

31 43 

A19 

** * • 

^ ■ n Diego 

29 44 

J97 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 
Kanos City Ml OM DM — I « o 

MlMMSOhl M2 Mt Mx— 4 12 • 

MUacfcl.Meachain IB) and Macfarlane; De- 
shaies. Aguilera (9) and Walbock. w— De- 
9Kdes.4-7. L— NUtacht M. Sv— Aguilera (li). 
hr— K ansas City, Coleman 121. 

BaWmorH IM DM DM — 5 t « 

Taranto DM 901 dm— ) ■ D 

OoubsL Eldihorn (7) and HoUes. Tackett 191; 
Hentgen, Rtaheftl (9). TWntbi <91. W—Eictrinn* 
3-1. L — Rtohettt, m. HR— Baltimore, son (ft). 
BoslM BR ON SO— 4 8 > 

SUwnkn Ml 010 «•— 3 7 I 

Clemens. Howard (71. Horrts (8). Ryan (9) 
and Berry hill; Bones, lanasfafc 18). Orosco 
(B). Fetters (B), UoYd 18) and Hamer, 
w— Harris. 3-4. L — Fetters. 1-4 Sv— Ryan 15). 
H R — Milwaukee. SurYioft (5). 

Detroit DM DM Bit-3 } 2 

Oakland MM 4M M*— » < 0 

Wells and Kreuter; Ontiveros, Harsman 
IS). Toy tor (7). Leiper (7).Acra IB), Eckerslev 
iB) and Slelnbacti. w— Ontiveros, 4-2. 
L— Wells, l-s. Sv— Eckerslev <101. HR— De- 
tral!. Trammell (Si. 

Texas 001 OSD D04-7 ( 3 

California Oil MO DM— 1 S 0 

Rogers and J. Rodriguez; Fbrtev and 
CTuraar. M vers (9|. W— Rogers. 9-4 L — Fin- 

|0V 

New York Oil 321 1-9 11 0 

amlaed M U l-f H 1 

( wueoM . 7 Innings) 
MumoUancLHowelSlandLevrttz.-Mdark. 
UiikiulsJ (4), Farr (4). Mesa (7) and Pern. 
HRs— New York.Tcrtabuli (13). Velarde (4). 
Cleveland, Belle 119), Maldonado (4). 
CNcage 101 810 003-4 13 a 

Seattle 010 DM 001-0 8 0 

Sander so n, Assmmacher (9), Oiulotnson 
(9) and LDVaUhrr; Salketd Gaesage (A). 
T.Davli (01 and D.WIIson. W— Sanderson. 6-1 
L— SaHuiM, 2-4. HRs— CDicaga Thomas (28), 
Ventura (12). Seattle, Grtftev Jr. 132). 


• , ± . . 

■4 ■— - 

**l ‘ * -. - • 


(ASDAQ NATIONAL MARKET 


onsolidated trading f 
nded Friday, June 24. 
(Contmned) 


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DiV Yld TflOsHUt Low 


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_ 78 444 4W 

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173 54 1037 


Indurain Eclipsed? Only on Cyclings Computer 


fflday lo^ta ihe Fnlh Op^Tu^“ s a T« *« « 

the overnight Ieler. Gabri^ one slro ^ e 

fcia Olazabai of Son finished thin^f 1516 * 11 Swedet1 - Jose 
-David Frost, wiKSIS fef s,rok « behind. 
Ear-par 66 to tie av<rs^-k,on Tr 7th r shM 4 " 
toda/5 final rotmdf the Greater H-mr° r ea< ^ "°' n S into 
kSeg Norman w: a stX bSk ° pen ,n 

L V (JiJrf 


KJf s^iMsptstessws-aa 


dfti (Hot . Vl , UUJI B a pan-owner oi the 
L 4 1 ? t ?J u J° a M I* c ! oset i as soon as this week. 
_ c the acquisition is not known. (LAT) 

1**+ games under .500 in defense of 
^ 33-year-old Fer- 


By Samuel Abt 

Imernanonai Herald Tribune 

PARJS — The newly revised 
computerized standings of the 
world’s lop 800 professional bi- 
cycle racers have just confirmed 
this season’s curve: Miguel In- 
durain is no longer No. I, and 
Tony Rominger is no longer 
No. 2. They switched positions 
as Indurain fell from aiop the 
list for the 1 first lime in two 
years. 

Don't expect wild celebra- 
tions or loud gnashing of teeth. 
Both men are placid types, stol- 
id as oaks, and both have 
known for weeks that the 
change was coming. 

Rominger, a 33-year-old 
Swiss who rides for the Mapei- 


Clas team from Italy, made his 
jump when he won the Vue] la a 


jump when he won the Vue] la a 
Espafla last month for a record 
third successive year. Added to 
(he jackpot for his victory in 
March in the Paris-Nice race, 
the triumph in the Vuelta sent 


Rominger’s computer total to 
2^518 points. 

Unlike his rival. Indurain has 
not been winning lately, and his 
total slipped several hundred to 
2, 175. A Spaniard who will turn 
30 in a few weeks, Indurain 
guaranteed his fall when he fin- 
ished third this month in the 
Giro d'ltalia after winning that 
race the previous two years. 

Also for the first time since 
1992, be failed to win the Giro’s 
time trials, the race against the 
clock in which he habitually has 
built his winning mar gins. This 
year he was third in the short 
prologue, fourth in the first 
long ume trial and second in the 
final one. 

And so the buzz now is that 
Indurain’s domination of the 
Tour de France is ending, that 
his string of victories in the 
world’s greatest bicycle race 
will stop at three, that he is on 
the decline just as Rominger, 
who finished second in the last 
Tour, is reaching his peak. 


The Tour begins Saturday in 
Lille, in northern France, and 
Rominger is indeed a favorite to 
be wearing the overall leader's 
yellow jersey at the finish in 
Paris, three weeks and 3.978 ki- 
lometers (2,474 miles) later. Ro- 
minger, people are saying, will 
be the man of this 81st Tour de 
France. 

The buzz began circulating at 
races and in the cycling press 
this spring, while Indurain, 

hampered by a torn leg muscle, 
struggled through mediocre 
performances. Such an eminent 
directeur sponif as Cyril! e Gui- 
mard of Castorama, who has 
guided three riders to victory in 
the Tour, says publicly that the 
Spaniard is on the skids. 

That may be the word, but it 
hasn't reached at least two rid- 
ers. Greg LeMond, who has 
won the Tour hims elf three 
times, and Djamolidine Abdou- 
japarov, the Tashkent Tenor, 
like Indurain in the Tour. They 
like him wholesale. 


“Struggling?” LeMond said 
last week, repeating a descrip- 
tion of Indurain. “Struggling to 
get third place in probably one 
of the hardest Tours of Italy in 
recent history? If I could finish 
the Tour of Italy in the top 20 
three weeks before the Tour de 
France, my hopes would be 
very high for the Tour. 

“Look at Indurain’s circum- 
stances: His preparation was 
nothing in the early season. He 
suffered through the first pan 
of the Giro, but I think be fin- 
ished very strongly. 

“I have no doubt that he’s the 
favorite in the Tour," LeMond 
continued. “I don’t think he'll 
have any problem. No. Who’s 
going to touch him? Who’s go- 
ing to beat him? Rominger? He 
could be a threat, and it’s going 
to be between them, but FD pick 
Indurain.” 

LeMond did not ride in the 
Giro, but Abdoujaparov did. 
What the Uzbek sprinter saw 
there impressed hhn. 


“I think Indurain was very 
strong,” he said, “but he didn't 
have a team to back him. When 
he was ahead, he was alone, 
there was no one who could 
help him He doesn't like to be 
alone.” 

He won’t be alone in the 
Tour. His Banesto team, which 
is based in Spain, will be send- 
ing the A squad to France in- 
stead of the B squad that went 
to Italy. The A squad is the one 
that ferried Indurain through 
the mo untains las t year on his 
way to victory by five minutes 
over Rominger. 

Everybody else was far out of 
contention — a scenario that is 
likely to be repeated in July. 
The general expectation is for 
another two-man race between 
Indurain and Rominger. Or 
should that be Rominger and 
Indurain? 

Twenty-one teams of nine 
men each will be at the start. 
Confronting them will be sever- 
al novelties, such as two daily 


stages in England, the first visit 
there in 20 years, a train trip 
through the Eurotunnel and a 
stage starting at Euro Disney- 
land near Paris. 

Excluding the prologue and a 
day off on July 14. the Tour will 
comprise 12 daily stages over 
flat country, six stages in the 
hi gh mountains and three time 
trials, two on an individual ba- 


sis and one by teams. Sprinters 
should rule the first half of the 


should rule the first half of the 
race, climbers and all- 
arounders the second. 

For the best climbers, includ- 
ing Indurain and Rominger, 
there will be two stages in the 
Pyrenees, one stage over deso- 
late Mont Ventoux in the Midi 
and four stages in the Alps, in- 
cluding an uphill time trial. The 
Alps, where the race arrives in 
the last week of its counter- 
clockwise journey, should take 
a heavy toll. 

There are man y contenders 
in the struggle for third place. 
They start with G ianni Bugno 
and Claudio Cbiappucci. two 
I talians who have been on the 


lower steps of the final victory 
podium before. Add in Alvaro 


NATIONAL LEAGUE 
». Louis 002 OM 0W-8 5 2 

Chicago Ml im N6-1 8 0 

Watson, Perez (01. Rodriguez (8). Arocha 
(9) and PagnoEzl; Young, Cron (0), BouMsfa 
(9) end Parent, Wilkins <91. w— Watson. 5-3. 
L— Youno.J-4 Sv—Aiadio I5I.HH— 51. Louis, 
P«rrv (2). 

Ftartda M0 m MM & 2 

Montreal 001 Ml l&x— * 9 0 

Rapp, Jtflcoat [7). Lewis 1 8). Mulls (0) on) 
Sonttaeo; Henry. Shaw (7). Rajas (01 «d 

F Metier, w— Henry, 4-0. I Ram 4-3. 

Sv — (tolas (121. HRs— Montreal. Fletcher 2 
(71, Berry (5). 

Atlanta 0M 510 803-9 h 0 

ruUnrtalimm 201 Ml MM 8 I 

Gknrine,Bedmian(7),Slanlon(0) and O'Bri- 
an,- DnJacfcmt QuantrHI (81, Carter 19) ond 
DouHon. W— GtavJne, 0-7. L^-OnJadtsm 9-1 
5v— Sionton (3. HRs— Afhxda BJouser (41, 
Lemke (3). PhUadsL, Kruk (9, Ineaviglla (11). 
Pttftfcorafc 388 B06 000—9 0 0 

New York 0M WO DU-4 0 1 

N eagle. White (01. Dewey (9) and StouQhi; 
Gooden, Mason (t).JMaddux (7). Union (9) an) 
Stinnett. w—N eagle, 74. L-Goodea 34 
HRs— pmsfaurah, Clark 2 (A). NY.Orsuktt (7). 
Los Angeles 0M DO) 120— 4 9 I 

Heastoa on dm iok— k 17 o 

Martinez. McDowell ML Sevier (6). Barnes 
(7LDool (8) and Piazza Hemniez (51; Reyn- 
akti, VtaresM), Edens (V) and Servab.W—Revn- 
OMS, 54 L— Martinez. 64 Hto— LA, Gwyim Q). 
Mondesi nil. Houston. Bagwell 3 (21). 

San Diego IM Ml M0 0-2 6 I 

Ctadanafl OM OM OM I— 3 0 1 

10 tatolMS 

Sanders. Tafeaka »>. Elliott (B), Martinez 
(SLMaueer (Wl and Awsmus; Rllo, Fortugno 
17), DeLudc (8). Carrasco (9> «l Taubenese, 
Domett t?).W— Carrasco. 44 L— Mauser. 2-1 
San Fraadsra 813 4M 803—18 15 0 

Colorado 020 810 000— 3 4 1 

Van Lancflnoham, Mrxvte leone (7). Frey (9) 
and Man waring; Freeman, Blair (3). &Reed 
(4), MMunaz 15), Hartley (6), Holmes (B>, 


B. Ruffin (?) ant) Girardi. W— Van Lem- 
dhvtran, 34 L— -Blair, 0-3. HRs— Son Fron- 
dscow Ma. Will lams (27). Da-Mart Inez (2). 


Saturday’s Line Scores 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 
New York 011 321 HD— tt 15 2 

Ckraataad 001 003 101—4 II 3 

( com pletion of sosp. gome) 
MuUmiland. Howe (6), Pall (9). Gtosan (9) 
and Levrflz; Chirk, Uiilauist (4). Farr (41, 
Mesa (7). DlPota (0) and Pena, w — Mu Owl- 
land, 64 L— Clark, B-2. HRs— New York, Ley r- 
llz (11), Tarta&ull (13), Velarde (4). Cleve- 
land Belle (19), Moldonodo (4). 

Baltimore OM 0M *71 — « 5 1 

Taranto DM DM 000—1 4 2 

Mover. Elchtnrn (7), Le^mllh (9) ond 
Holies; Guzman. W.WIIIIams (9) and Knarr, 
Borders (0). W-Elchharn,4-|. L— Guzman, t- 
B. Sv— LeAmlth I2S). HRs— Baltimore, C Rip- 
ken (9). Holies (12). Toronto. Knorr 13). 
Deiron ON in 400—1 5 o 

Oakland OM 001 llx— 2 6 l 

Gohr, SJTavts (7), Groom (7), Boever (8> 
and Tettlefon. Kreuter (B) ; Reyes, Welch (5). 
Harsman (0). Acre (0). Eckersiey (9) and 
Stelnbach. W— Acre, 44 L— Boever. 4-1- 
Sv— Eckerslev 111). 

Kansas city mo 2M ibd-4 a 0 

Minnesota 0M OM 100—1 4 1 

Gubkza, Pichardo (8). Montgomery 19) mid 
Machxiane; Matames. Campbell (?) and 
Wafbeck. w— Gufaicza 54 L-Mahames. 74 
Sv — Moatoomerv 111). HRs— Kansas City. 
Hamel In (121, Shorn pen (01. 

Boston Dll OM 19 002-10 15 1 

MnwmikM 000 M4 030 008 — I 1) 1 

(12 Innings) 

Hesketh. Trllce* (6). Valdez (6), Howard 
(8). Harris (81. Russell (91, K.Rvan (ID and 
Berryhlll; Wegmvi. Orosco (71. Ignosio* 101. 
Fetters |9). Henry (ill Band Hamer, Suihoit 
(12). W— ICRvan, 3-1. L-Henry. 3-3. 
HRs— Milwaukee. G. Vaughn 1 14). Harper (4), 


Seltzer (41. Boston, M. Vaughn (18), Dawson 2 
(14), Greenwell (f). 

CMcoao bio on mo— 2 5 0 

Seattle OM M» 810—1 3 0 

McDowell and Korfccrvlca; .Mutton and Wil- 
son. W— McDowell 4-7. L — Johnson. 94 HRs- 
Chtcago, Knrkovtce (8). Seattle. Mitchell (4). 
Texas 300 111 M0— 7 9 1 

CaiHornla 005 0M 07x— 12 14 0 

Brown. Smith (7). Whiteside (7), Oliver (0), 
Carpenter (0) and Rodriguez; Maorane. 
Bui chcr (61, Letter (6). Springer (0) and My- 
ers. W— Springer, 2-1. L— Carpenter, 2-5. 
HRs— Texas. Clark (ll). Palmer (Vl.CoUfor- 
nla. Hudler (6). Snow (2). 


Florida ON 120 M0-4 8 I 

Montreal 09 Ml 8tx— 7 18 1 

Hough, Fraser (51. Mathews (4). Harvey (8) 
and TTnalev, Santiago 14); Fassero, Meradta 
(5), Scott (7), Welle land (9) said Fletcher, 
w— Heredia, 4-2. L— Hough. 54 HR— Mon- 
treal AMxj (14). 

LM Angela Ml Bit 200-4 7 1 

Hoesfon 001 ON M0-2 7 1 

Attack. Worrell (9) and Piazza; Williams. 
Jones 10) and Eusebio, w— Astodo, 44 
L— Williams. 44 Sv— Worrell (51. HRs— LA, 
Butler (4). Piazza (14). Houston Blggto (3). 


Hiroshima t Yafcult 1 
ChunJcM & Hanshln 2 


Yomhiri 0, Yokohama 3 
ChunlcN 3. Hanshln 2 
Ydadt 1 Hiroshima 2 

Pacific u 


W 

L 

T 

Pet. 

GB 

39 

21 

0 

*50 

— 

33 

27 

0 

55D 

6 

33 

28 

0 

541 

6ft 

28 

34 

0 

*52 

12 

25 

34 

1 

*25 

13ft 

24 

38 

1 

389 

16 


NATIONAL LEAGUE 
SL Laois OM M0 110-1 3 • 

Chicago 2M 818 00a— 3 3 ■ 

Palacios, Habyan (0) and Pagnazzl; Faster, 
Plesac (0), Myers (9) and Wilkins, w— Faster, 
M. L — Pa locks. 14 Sv— Myers (15). 
HR— Buechek (9). 

Saa Francisco BOB dm (t3— 4 0 0 

Colorado OM 200 22x— 6 9 I 

Torres. Burba (8) and Je.RaML Monworlno 
(81 ; Rlfz, MMunaz (5).S.Reed (81, B.Ruffk (9). 
W — m. Munoz. 2-L L— Torres. 2-7. Sv — B. Ruffin 
(10). HRs— San FrandscD, Patterson (2). Colo- 
rada Galarraga (21). Johnson 14). 
Pittsburgh 403 AM 800-3 I I 

New York 0M net 000— I 4 0 

jLSmith. Aj^ena (9) and SkxsM; Sobertw- 
oen, J Manzanillo (9) and SllmefL w— ZJmllh. 
54 L— Sabertiagen, 74 Sv-A. Pena <4>. HRs- 
Ptttstxirah. Merced (4). NY, Undeman (2). 
San Diego 113 0M Bill-4 14 1 

Cincinnati 000 800 OCA— i 6 ■ 

Hamilton ond Ausima; Sdnurek. J. Ruffin 
131, DeLuda (4), Fcriuona (8) and Dorsett, 
Toubensee (8). w— Hamilton, 4-X 

L— Schourek. 3-1. 

Atlanta IM Ml 8M-1 8 2 

Philadelphia 030 804 box— 7 4 0 

Mertker. wohlera (»).Oison |7). Blekckl (0) 
and JXooez; BJAunoz, Stocumb 16). D-lones 
(9) and Pratt. W— aMunaz.4-£ L— Mercker.4- 
2. HR— Philadelphia BMunaz (I). 


TTie Michael Jordan Watch 


FRIDAY'S GAME; Jordan was (Mor-3 In 
Bir min ah ni n's 5-3 victory over Cho t tonooeo. 
Jordon reached base on a HelderY choice and 
scored a run In the second liming, grounded 
out to short In the third, walked ond stole a 
ban to the fifth, and lined out to left In the 
seventh. He had three putouls. 

SATURDAY'S GAME; Jordan was Mor-3 
In Blrmingbamk 4-3 lass to Chattanooga. He 
struck out In the second, sfatg led to right In the 
fifth ond popped out to second In itw seventh. 
He had tour putouts In right field. 

SEASON TO DATE: Jordan Is Dotting .190 
(KMOT-2S2) with 21 runs, 11 doubles.one triple, 
2S RBIs.26 walks. 47 strikeouts and 16 stolen 
bases In 27 attempts. He has 118 putouts, two 
assists m eight errors in right field. 


Sefeu 39 21 0 

Dale! 33 27 0 

Orix 33 2B 0 

Lotte 28 34 0 

Kintetsu 25 34 1 

Nippon Ham 24 38 t 

Saturday's ResoMs 
Nippon Ham 7. Orix 4 
Kintetsu 70k. Latte 5 
Sefbu vs. DaM, npd. rato 

Sunday's Resells 
Dole) 4 Seibu 3 
Kintetsu 9, Lotte 3 
Nippon Ham 1L Orix 6 


podium before. Add in Alvaro 
Mejia, a Colombian; Vladimir 
Poulnikov, a Ukrainian; Pavel 
Tonkov, a Russian, and Andy 
Hampsten, an American. Alex 
Zdlle, a Swiss; Armand de las 
Cuevas, a Frenchman; Erik 
Breukink, a Dutchman, and 
Richard Virenque. another 
Frenchman, cannot be over- 
looked either. 

But it appears to be unrealis- 
tic to search that list for a possi- 
ble winner of the 81si Tour de 
France. On paper, at least, the 
final yellow jersey would seem 
to fit only Indurain or Ro- 
minger. 


Japanese Leagues 


GeotraA League 


Yomlurf 41 21 0 

dwnlcM 31 30 0 

Yakut! 31 30 0 

Yokohama 29 32 0 

HansNn 27 35 0 

Hiroshima 23 34 0 

S a tu rd ay'* Results 
Yomiurl 4 Yokahomo 2 


W 

L 

T 

Pet 

OB 

41 

21 

0 

*61 

— 

31 

30 

0 

JOB 

9ft 

31 

30 

0 

JOB 

9ft 

29 

32 

0 

*75 

lift 

27 

35 

0 

*35 

14 

23 

34 

0 

*04 

ISft 


FRENCH OPEN 

Results Sondov from Ibe SB254MO tooraa- 
■onLpknedaa the ner72,U20«Mfer (7,125- 
vard) co urse (i Saint Quentin, France: 
Mark Roe. Britain 70-71-47-44-274 

Gabriel Hleretedt. Sweden 47-7IF40-70-275 
Jase-Marla OtazabaL Spain 48-724949-278 
Lee Westwood. Britain 4*74-68-71-279 
Paul McGbiley, Ireland 70-72-67-71-280 
Andrew CoJtorL Scotland 48-70-71-71-280 
Robert AHenbv. Australia 71-71-71-47-280 
Ignodo Gorrida, Spain 67-70-70-74-2B1 
John Bland, South Africa 66-71-74-70-281 
Per-uirik Johansson, Sweden 72-7346-70-31 


Education 

Directory 

Every Tuesday 


BUGSY;’ 


RUGBY UNION 
Western Sanaa 34, Wales 9 

FIRST RUGBY UNION TEST 
Frtmce 22. Now Zealand 8 


Contad 
Fred Ronan 

Td.: 

(331)44 37 93 91 
Fax: 

(331)4(5 37 93 70 
or your nearest 
iHT office 
or representative 


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Div YU 100s Huh 


Scries ! 

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P »g* 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 



Yankees Extend 
Win Streak to 5 


Wj ; ‘- ■ 7^ 


v\ ... 

v ‘i*i t*.-. 

& ■■ Wi 


I: 

\iV.w*v 

. X“ . 


The AuctiaicJ Press 

' Jr tf yril2and Mike Stanley 

j ffSSV 1- Jini Abbott 

J Su n r efils L l,me “» a inonih 

&‘S fas,he York V an . 
^ blew most of an eight-run 

^S s b f 2 u r, s,heC,w - 

c Yankees won their fifth 
ftfaighi overall and their eighth 
? . a row against Cleveland dat- 
. [J® - to last season. It was the 

Mians’ second consecutive 
10X5 at Jacobs Field after an 18- 
game home winning streak. 
Cleveland trailed, 12-4. be- 
lt tore scoring seven runs in the 
s Gghth inning, including a twc* 
} nm home run by Manny Ra- 
s 

J AL ROUNDUP 

r mirez, his 12th. and a three-run 
1 shot by Albert Belle, his 20th. 

* Abbott allowed four runs 
and eight hits in six innings For 
bis first win since May 25. In 
1 jbe interim, he was 0-3 with a 
1 5.77 earaed-run average in five 
starts. Steve Howe got the last 
1 two outs for his seventh save. 

1 Jack Morris gave up eighL 
! runs, two unearned, six hits and 
six walks in just over four in- 
nings. It was his first loss in 
nine starts since he shaved his 
mustache to change his luck af- 
ter a May 9 loss in New York. 

Twins 11, Royals 4: Kirby 
Puckett became Minnesota's 
career hit leader and drove in 
three runs to lead the Twins 
over the Royals in Minneapolis. 

Puckett had three hits, giving 
him 2,088 in 1 ] seasons with the 
Twins. He moved past Rod Ca- 
rew. who had 2,085 hits in 12 
seasons with Minnesota. Puckett 

E assed Carew with a two-iun 
omer in the first inning, a 438- 
foot shot over the center-field 
fence. It was his 12th home run. 

Jeff Reboulet had three hits 
and a home run. Pedro Munoz 
had four of Minnesota's 18 hits. 
The Twins have won 19 of their 
last 23 at home. 

Brewers 5. Red Sox 4: In Mil- 
waukee, Dave Nilsson drove in 
three runs, including the go- 
ahead score in the eighth inning, 
as the Brewers edged Boston. 

Nilsson's two-out single off 
reliever Chris Howard drove in 
B. J. Surhoff. 

El In Saturday's games: 

White Sox X Mariners I: 
Jack McDowell pitched a three- 
hitter in Seattle as Chicago beat 
the Seattle and Randy Johnson. 

The White Sox won their 
fifth straight — three against 
Seattle — and for the sixth time 
in seven games have closed 
niihin three games of Cleve- 
land's lead in the AL Central 
Division. 

Yankees 11, Indians 6: Cleve- 
land's 18-game home winning 
streak came to a belated end 
when the Indians lost to the 
Yankees in a game that had 
been suspended Friday night. 

Three rain delays and the 
league's 1 a.m. curfew forced 
the two teams to push back the 
final two innings of the game 
until Saturday. The Yankees 
led. 9-5. after seven innings 
when the game was suspended 
at 1:18 a.m. 

Orioles 4, Blue Jays 1: In 

For the NHL, 

A Lean Crop in 
Its Draft Field 

The AisaaouJ Press 

HARTFORD. Connneclicut 
— Plavers entering this year's 
National Hockey League draft 
are not as talented as last year's 
picks, although several could 
help struggling teams. 

The first two rounds of the 
draft will be held Tuesday night 
and the remaining nine on 
Wednesday. Florida. Anaheim. 
Ottawa, Edmonton and Hart- 
ford have the first five picks. 

Rated No. I by the NHL's 
Central Scouting Service is Ra- 
defc Bonk, a 6-foot-3 1 1. 90- me- 
ter ) Czech center who plays for 
Las Vegas of the International 
Hockey League. Rated No. 2 is 
Jeff O’Neill of Guelph of the 
Ontario Hockey League. 


Toronto, Cal Ripken's tiebreak- 
ing. two-run homer in the 
eighth inning helped Lhe Orioles 
hand the Blue Jays their seventh 
straight loss. 

Juan Guzman retired 14 
straight batters before Rafael 
Palmeiro singled with two outs 
in the eighth for only the Ori- 
oles' second hit of the same. 

Athletics 2. Tigers 1: Scott 
Hemond. pinch-running for 
Geronimo Berroa. scored from 
third base on a wild pitch by Joe 
Boever in the eighth, giving the 
Athletics a victory over (he Ti- 
gers in Oakland. ' 

Hemond. who entered the 
game when Berroa opened the 
eighth with a single, stoic second 
and. after walks to Mike Bordick 
and Mike Aldrete loaded the 
bases, scored on Boever's wild 
pitch to Rickey Henderson. 

Angels 12, Rangers 7: A two- 
run single from Chili Davis and 
a three-run homer from J. T. 
Snow capped a seven-run 
eighth inning for California at 
home, helping send Texas to its 
ninth loss in 1 1 games. 

Davis's bad-hop hit off Cris 
Carpenter came after Tim 
Salmon was intentionally 
walked to load the bases. 1 1 gave 
the Angels an 8-7 lead and Rex 
Hudler's RBI single and Snow's 
home run followed. 

Royals 4, Twins 1: Mark Gu- 
bicza allowed five hits over sev- 
en innings and Bob Hamelin 
and Terry Shumpert hit home 
runs to lead Kansas City past 
Minnesota in Minneapolis. 

The Royals managed only six 
hits a gain st Pat Mahomes. but 
Hamelin's 12th homer — a two- 
run, 450-foot shot — and 
Shumpert's fourth were plenty. 

Red Sox 10, Brewers 8: Mo 
Vaughn hit a two-run homer in 
the top of the 12th to lift the 
visiting Red Sox in a marathon 
featuring seven home runs, 26 
hits and a 33-minute rain delay 
in the 1 1th inning. 

Vaughn was 0-for-5 when he 
came up against Doug Henry 
and hit a first-pitch fastball 430 
feet for his 1 8th home run. 











d? 






Not So, Says Samp: 










» • "try- 

P Vy- ‘ "r -* 

ii&f 






f.ml 




r 


. Compiled bp Our Stiff From Dispmdia 

WIMBLEDON, England — 
Pete Sampras isn’t underrating 
his fourth-round opponent, 
even if he is relatively unknown. 

After marching through Jar 
red Palmer, Richey Reneberg 
and Chuck Adams — none of 
them ranked higher than No. 35 
— in the first week at Wimble- 
don, he draws anonymous Dan- 
iel Vacek to start the fourth 
round Monday. 

More easy pickings for the 
defending champion and No. 1 " 
seed? 

No way, Sampras said after 
completing a' rain-delayed 6-1, 
6-2. 6-4 victory over Adams on 
Saturday. 

“You probably never heard 
of him, bat he's extremely dan- 
gerous," he said of Vacek. “I’ve 
played him before. I’m playing 
a guy who hit 30 aces. A couple 
of swings of the bat and you 
could be out. I'm going to have 
to be ready." 

Vacek. ranked No. 51, owns a 
heavyweight serve that has pro- 
duced 63 aces in three matches 
here. Sampras, whose fastest 
measured serve in (he first week 


NdJ Munnj'Agoxc FraBoe-Prwf 


Jakob Hlasek of Switzer- 
land congratulated Guy For- 
get of France, above, after 
Forgefs straight-set victory 
at Wimbledon on Saturday, 
Forget next faces Jeremy 
Bates of Britain. At right, 
Martina Navratilova 
stroked a backhand in her 
victory over Linda Harvey- 
Wild. Navratilova moves to 
a roimd-of-16 match Mon- 
day against Helena Sukova 
of the Czech Republic. 


Bom HonirAgCRR Fiance- Pie vc 



"■ : *- r;: 

. /.IV 


was docked -at 128 miles (205 
kilometers) per hour, has 61 
aces so far. 

What’s interesting is that 
their ace production seems 
headed in opposite directions. 

Vacek opened with 11 
against Gerard Solves. Then he 
had 21 against Mark . Wood- 
forde before turning heads with 

31 against Yevgeny Kafelnikov. 

Sampras went from 25 against 
Palmer to 26 against Reneberg 
to 10 against Adams. 

After the -traditional day off 
Sunday, Wimbledon has a full' 
fourth-round schedule Mon- 
day. 

Nine-time champion Mar- 
tina Navratilova, the center- 
piece of the women’s draw after . 
the elimina tion 0 f No. 1 Steffi. 

Graf, continues her farewell 
tournament, facing Helena Su- 
kova. Other matches include 
Lindsay Davenport against Ga- 
briela Sabatini; Lori McNcfl. 
who eliminated Graf, facing’ 
Florcncia Labat, and No. 2 seed 
Arantxa S&nchez ; Vicario 
against Zina Garrison Jackson. 

On the men’s side, the sched- 
ule indudes Michael Chang 
against Sergei Bmguera in a 
battle of former and current 
French Open- champs, three- 
time Wimbledon chasm Boris 
Becker against- Andrei Medve- 
dev and qualifier Bryan Shelton 
against Christian Bergstrom as 
well as Sampras-Vacek.- - 

Even with top . seeds like Mi-, 
chad Stich, Stefan Edberg and 
Jim Courier gone, Sampras 
knows there are still' upsets 
waiting at this ahrine erf grass- 
court tennis. 

“There are still a lot of dan- 
gerousplayers out there," he 
said “Thegame now is so deep, 
especially on' grass. Anything 
can happen on grass. ' 

Right now, Sampras siakL he 
is returning the ball extremely 
well, and that’s the key to suc- 
cess in grass-court tennis. 

"In order. to play well herd 
you have to not only serve big 
but return huge,” he said. 


‘‘That's 

Agassi a 

years ag< 


back, ishvblved in £1* 
fourth-retd match Monday 

against odd 


rhai made 

nner here a couple < \ 

1 '.i 

mbarked on a j 
rvblved in °* r A 


against [odd Martin- W SI 
knocked tf Sampras in a Wun \ 
bledon Liriup at Queen \ 
Club two leeks ago. f 

Sampral however, is more ^ 
concerned it- the riaoment wv ' 

Vacek ant snt paying a lot oi .. 
attention t tlat matchup. •• 
“I know wlb the crowd vnh \ 
be for” I : sid referrutg tp J 
AmrsFs ai sea with the fans. 


Pirates Beat Mets, But Wagner’s Shutout is 


The AuA-iureJ Tress 

Paul Wagner pitched eight 
shutout Innings before tiring in 
the ninth Sunday, and Brian 
Hunter and Al Martin homered 
to lift the Pittsburgh Pirates to 
their sixth straight win, 7-3, 
over the New York Mets. 

Wagner carried a four-hit 
shutout into the ninth in New 
York before the Mets got three 
straight singles to score their 
first run. Bobby Bonilla's single 
made it 7-1. and one out later. 
Rico Brogna singled to score 
Joe Orsulak and Bonilla, who 
v.as safe when catcher Lance 
Parrish dropped the ball. 

Wagner, who allowed three 
runs and eight hits in 8'/^ in- 
nings, was pulled for Ravelc 
Manzanillo. Wagner struck out 
four and didn't walk a batter. 

Hunter hit a two-run homer 
and Martin hit a solo shot as the 


Pirates collected 16 hits to win 
for the eighth time in nine 
games. 

Marlins 6, Expos 1: Mark 
Gardner came off the disabled 
list to pitch 7 2/3 strong innings 
as Florida snapped a season- 
high six-game losing steak with 
a win in Montreal. 

Gardner, who was placed on 

NL ROUNDUP 

the 15-day disabled list June 8 
with a groin injury and was acti- 
vated before the game, lied a 
dub record with 10 strikeouts. 
He allowed six singles, a double 
and one walk. 

The Expos avoided a a shut- 
out in the ninth when Wil Cor- 
dero led off with his eighth 
home run. 

Phillies 9, Braves 8: Darren 
Daulton went 3-for-3 wiih a 


three-run homer and scored 
four times as Philadelphia held 
off visiting Atlanta. 

The Phillies snapped a 5-5 tie 
in the sixth. Daulton opened up 
with a single, Randy Ready 
walked and Tom Marsh sacri- 
ficed. 

After an intentional walk to 
Kevin Stocker loaded the bases, 
pinch-hitter Ricky Jordan hit a 
two-run single. Philadelphia 
made it 9-5 in the seventh on 
Marsh's two-out, iwo-ran triple. 

■ In Saturday's games: 

Phillies 7, Braves 1: Bobby 
Munoz's three-run homer — his 
first in the majors — gave him 
his fourth straight victory in the 
Philadelphia's triumph over vis- 
iting Atlanta. 

He homered off Kent 
Mercker in the second as the 
Phillies snapped a three-game 
losing streak. The home "run. 


which was only Munoz's fifth 
major-league hit. scored Kevin 
Stocker and Mickey Morandioi 
to put the Phillies up 3-0. 

Dodgers 4, Astros 2: Mike 
Piazza hit a two-run homer in 
the seventh to lift the Dodgers 
over the Astros in Houston. 

Pedro Astacio struck out eight 
for the Dodgers and was within 
one out of his fourth complete 
game when he was lifted after 
giving up his first walk. 

Padres 6, Reds 0: Joey Ham- 
ilton pitched a six-hitter for his 
first major-league shutout as 
the visiting Padres ended Cin- 
cinnati's six-garac winning 
streak. 

A two-run double from Ed- 
die Williams highlighted a 
three-run third that made it 5-0 
and put the Padres on track for 
their first victory in five gomes 
this season against the Reds. 


Rockies 6, Giants 4: Pinch- 
hitter Howard Johnson’s tie- 
breaking, two-run homer in the 
seventh helped Denver, playing 
at home, past San Francisco. 

The Rockies’ Charlie Hayes 
was hit in Lhe face by a pitch from 
Salomon Torres and was taken 
to a hospital for a CAT scan. 

Torres hit Andres Galarraga 
in the left arm with his first 
pitch of the fourth inning. Tor- 
res' next pitch hit Hayes near 
the left cheekbone. 

Torres lost his fifth straight 
derision, giving up five runs 
and seven hits in seven innings. 

Cubs 3. Cardinals 1: Kevin 
Foster held SL Louis hitless for 
6Vj innings to pitch Chicago past 
the Cardinals at Wrigley Field. 

Foster, who was acquired 
from Philadelphia on April 12 
in a trade for Shawn Boskie, 
gave up two hits in Th innings. 


He struck out three and walked 
four. Riancty Myers pitched the 
ninth for his 15th save. " ' 

Pirates 3, Mets Is. In , New 
York, Orlando Merced hit a 
three-run homer and Zane 
Smith allowed only four hits in 
eight innings as the Pirates won 
their fifth straight. 

Smith struck out four and 
walked none to win for the 
fourth time in five derisions. He 
needed just 75 pitches to get 
through eight innings. 

Expos 7, Martins 3: Lou Fra- 
zier drove in three runs and 
Metises Ak>u hit a two-run 
homer as the Expos handed the 
visiting Marlins their sixth 
straight loss. 

The Expos capitalized on a 
two-out error by shortstop Kurt 
Abbott to score five runs — 
four unearned — against Char- 
lie Hough in the second inning . 


The Only Problem With This NBA Draft Pool: It’s Too Deep 


By William C. Rhoden 

.*•>" Yrri. 7irfi-r Srrr.ui' 

NEW YORK — The Nation- 
al Basketball Association's 
longest season in history is not 
over just >et. On Wednesday, a 
maze of general managers and 
owners will engage in the 
league's annual ritual of renew- 
al as the NBA holds its rookie 
draft in Indianapolis. 

This years draft crop is being 
called one of the best ever. With 
20 underclassmen leaving col- 
lege early and joining a solid 
group of seniors, it's also the 
deepest. 

Six of the first seven project- 
ed lottery picks are underclass- 
men: Glenn Robinson, a 6- 
foot-8-inch (2.05-meler) junior 
from Purdue: Jason Kidd, a 
sophomore point guard from 


California; Donyell Marshall, a 
junior center from Connecticut: 
Juwann Howard, a junior cen- 
ter from Michigan: Sharoae 
Wright, a 6-11 junior center 
from Clem son, and Lamocd 
Murray, a 6-7 junior forward 
from California. 

"This is a very ?ood draft." 
said Billy Cunningham, an 
owner of the Miami Heal. 
"There’s a good chance the 
player drafted 12ib will be a 
better player over the life of his 
career than the player taken 
seventh. That's one of the rea- 
sons there's a lot of confusion 
right now in pinpointing these 
people. People ail the wav- 
through the first round should 
get a good player." 

That should come as great 
news for teams like the Knicfcs. 


Milwaukee. Dalias and Phila- 
delphia. all of whom have two 
first-round selections. 

The Knicks' first selection is 
No. 24, and they also have the 
No. 26 choice among the 27 
NBA teams. "We'll lake the 
best available players regardless 
of position." said Ernie Gnui- 
feld, the Knicks' vice president 
of player personnel. 

The’ New Jersey Nets, who 
expect to name a coach Sunday 
or i uesday. pick 14th. The Nets 
have said that they will take a 
shooter, and Willis Reed likes 
the 6-foot-6-inch Eric Piat- 
fcowsfci of Nebraska, who is 
deadly from outside. 

The suspense could begin im- 
mediately after the Milwaukee 
Bucks select Robinson. Regard- 
ed as the only unstoppable 


player in the draft. Robinson 
averaged 30 J points a game 
and displayed remarkable of- 
fensive versatility. 

The Bucks began making 
room for Robinson on Thurs- 
day when they shipped Ken 
Norman to Atlanta in exchange 
for center Roy Hinson, who has 
not played since 1990-91. Hin- 
son wifi not be on the Bucks’ 
active roster. 

After Robinson goes, the 
draft becomes a rossup. Kidd, 
regarded 25 the most complete 
point guard since Magic John- 
son. is projected as the second 
player drafted, going to the 
Dallas Mavericks. 

But Kidd's recent off-court 
legal difficulties may turn Dal- 
las — burned once before by 


Roy Tarpley's drug, problems 
— in another direction. 

Kidd was involved in a recent 
traffic incident, and last week 
an 1 8-year-old woman accused 
the former California star in a 
lawsuit erf hitting and pushing 
her at a party at his home in 
March. 

The Mavericks could turn to 
Grant HD1, the all-American 
from Duke who is regarded as 
the most versatile player in the 
draft. HDl has an impeccable 
reputation — and his family 
name is already well known in 
Dallas, where his father, Calvin, 
was a football star for the Cow- 
boys in the mid-1970s. 

The Knicks, who reached the 
finals without consistent of- 
fense. need a young versatile 
point guard to baric up either 


‘Accessible’ Atlanta Lists Its Prices: Olympics Tickets From $6 


The AiweixeU Tress 

LAUSANNE. Switzerland — It 
will cost just 56 for a ticket to a 
preliminary-round baseball game at 
the 1996 Summer Games in Atlanta, 
it wili cost a lot more — 160 times 
that much — for the best seats at the 
opening and closing ceremonies. 

Atlanta organizers announced 
their ticket prices Saturday after re- 
ceiving approval from the executive 
board of the Internationa! Olympic 
Committee. . 

The average ticket price is Sj 9.7_. 
but more than half of the tickets will 
be priced at 520 or less. 

“These will be the most accessible 
Olvrapic Games in history ” said Bil- 
ly Tavne. chief of the Atlanta Com- 
mittee for the Olympic Games. 


He said 95 percent of the tickets 
would be priced below S75 and that 
every sport would have at lease one 
session with tickets available at 525 
or les;. 

For the first time, the price of 
tickets will include rail or bus trans- 
portation to and from the venues 
provided by Olympic organizers. 

The highesL prices will be for the 
opening and closing ceremonies, 
with SGOQ for the best tickets. 5400 
for midlevel seats and 5200 Tor the 
cheapest. By comparison, ceremony 
tickets at the 1992 Games in Barcelo- 
na cost S50Q for the best seats. 

Many of the seats for the ceremo- 
nies will be held by Olympic officials, 
sponsors, athletes and media. Payne 


said the exact number of tickets 
available to the general public would 
not bs known until later. 

A total of 1 1 million tickets will be 
available. 50 percent more than in 
Los Angeles and 2 ! : time-j js many as 
in Barcelona. 

Tickets will go on sale in the spring 
of 1995. first by direct mail and later 
by phone. About 900.00*) tickets are 
sel aside for purchase outside the 
United States. Details v.ili be an- 
nounced by the end oi this year. 

The lOCs director general. Fran- 
cois Carrard, said the IOC was 
pleased that most tickets would be 
available al “moderate prices.” 

“We are satisfied that what we 
heard is a very good plan.” he said. 


Organizers hope to sell at least 60 
percent of the tickets (o achieve their 
projected revenue target of S260 mil- 
lion — out of the Atlanta commit- 
tee’s totid estimated revenue of SI. 58 
biliion. 

By all indications, tickets will be in 
high* demand for these centennial 
Olympics. Payne said one U.S. sur- 
vey indicated more than 22 million 
Americans hoped to attend. 

Nine sports have tickets over S75: 
the final session of track and field 
and finals of basketball, boxing, div- 
ing. gymnastics, soccer, swimming, 
tennis and volleyball. 

The highest demand is expected to 
be for basketball, track, gymnastics. 


swimming, diving and volleyball, 
Payne said. 

For track and field, prices will 
range from S20 to $50 for prelimi- 
nary events. 545 to S75 for die last 
round and S75 to $250 for the final 
session. 

The finals of basketball and gym- 
nastics are the only other events with 
tickets going as high os $250. 

The lowest-priced tickets, starting 
at S6. will be for preliminary baseball 
games at Atlanta Fulton County Sta- 
dium, home of the Atlanta Braves. 
For baseball finals, the price will 
range from S20 to $60. ■ 

The cheapest ticket for any final 
event will be $10 for the dressage 
portion of equestrian. 


Derek Haiperor Doc Rivers. 
They also need a small forward 
to provide consistent offense. * 

For there: ;poim guard, the 
Knicks may have their eyes on 
Charlie Ward, the former Flori- 
da State quarterback and Hris- 
man Trophy winner who 
shunned the NFL after not be- 
ing drafted and has committed 
to basketbalL Ward looked 
good in post-season camps, and 
Jt’s generally agreed that he has 
played himself into the first 
round. 

They could also pursue, a 
proven creative scorer in the 
free-agent market. . 

The biggest name among 
these is Dommque Wilkins, em- 
bittered after helping Atlanta 
get off to a great start and then 
being shipped to the Los Ange- 
les Clippers in a trade for Dan- 
ny Maiming. 

The Orlando Magic have also 
expressed interest in Ward and, 
have brought him in for inter- 
views. 

Philadelphia has a dynamic 
new coach in John Lucas, who 
is also the general manager. 

The 76ers choose 6th and 
20th and are looking at Wright, - 
the 6-11 center who would per- 
fectly complement the 7-6 
ShawnBradtey. 

The Boston Celtics, who 
missed the playoffs for the first 
time since .1979-80, have the 
ninth pick and are expected to 
take. Eric Mon cross, the 7-foot 
center from North Carolina. 

. This is a rich, draft but a diffi- . 
cnlt one because <rf the presence - 
of so many top^qiialiiy players. 
Marty Blafce,.direcwc of scout- 
ing for the NBA. said; “There 
are 40 potential first-rounders." 


concerned ti-mc f < 8 

Vacek ant snt paying a lot 01 .. g 
, attention t tEat matchup- *• | 

“I know wlb the crowd wil* * g 
be for," 1 i sid. referrmg tp j. 
Agassi's af tea with the fans. t I ■ 

- \ And witi Vjcek, another big ^ j 
. server on the ither side of uic 

net/ what doesSampras expect. r, 

Monday? ' •? . „<•; 

•r . “Not too mny rames, tie, 
said. . . .. . fi 

• A rule- chage announced, | 

Sunday by theaen’s governing - . J 
body, the ATPfour, will allow, g 

: spectators, to ^‘spontaneously r- 

react during a print as long as si 3 

is not intended o distract play- | 

ers.” • " J 

The change, which could , . ji 
eliminate urnptes' requests for J 

quietfrointhecowds,isoneof S 

four changes tt beupbased in . 
starting July 18 md designed to 
answer critknsns of the mens 
game as mrreashgly boring. ' 

The - other charges, endorsed' 

•.by. Player and Tournament 
Councils, -redbet the time be- 
tween points from 25 to 20 sec- 
onds, allow microphones to 
pick up conversations between 
' players and o fficials and permit 
spectators in the upper tiers of 
stadia to to move in and out 
during play. • • 

. ' Earlier, Leonard Shapiro of 
The Washington Post reported: 

'.It was Wimbledon the way 
they like if: gtootny, gray on 
green 1 and always threateni n g 
rain. For years, Martina Navra- 
tQova has thrived in these con- 
.. ditions, and 'her. third-round 
match Saturday against Unda 
Harvey-Wild was no exception 
as the 37-year-old grand e dame 
of tennis moved a step closer to 
theend of her remarkable reign. 

Harvey-Wild, ranked 34th. 
had heateu Navratilova on &£ 

g^atE^bcwBeTB.1992,:the : d 

.only time the two had .played; 

Sbe came to Centre Court wear- 
ing a white headband that could 
just as easily have served as a 
: blindfold far a teams execution 
witnessed by thousands in a 
.Navratilova-adoring crowd. . 

They had plenty to admire in 
Navratilova’s releotiess6-3, 6-2 
victory that took all. of an hour 

- for the fourth seed playing in 
what she has said will.be her last 
Wimbledon and. her final year 
of competition. She lost only 
three paints an her serve in the • 

, first set and advanced to a 
round-of-16 match Monday 
against always- tough Helena 
Sukova of the Czech Republic. 

Boris Becker, the seventh 
seed, who is playing with confi- 
dence, has lost only one set his 
first three rounds. That hap- 
. pened against Argentina's big- 
serving Javier Frana, but 
Becker prevailed easily, 7-6 <7- 
4), 6-4, 1-6, 6-3, in a three-hour 
match that went that long most- 
ly because the big German 
takes an eternity preparing 
himself to serve. - 
Navratilova, was the model of 
efficiency, bashing in 66 per- 
cent of her first serves and never 
getting into serious trouble 
against an opponent with a 
strong serve but terribly erratic 
gratmdstrokes. . 

Navratilova’s biggest prob-- 
lan occurred much earlier. A 
photographer from one of the 
tabloids rang her front dooij 
and woke her up at 8 A.M, 
hoping to. take her picture. 1 
Thai she" couldn’t get back to 
sleep. 

“He said, “The boss told me 
to ring the bell at 6, bat I waited 
until 8,’ '* Navratilova said 
“That’s really nice. What do 
they th ink I’m going to do, 
come down in my pajamas and 
say, -Here, take a picture please 
armlet me put on my makeup.’ 

“Forget my routine, never 
mind that I have a match. What 
do these people think? Obvi- 
ously, not much." 

Saturday Results 

\ BOUND 

Ctartattai 8er»j»rom, Sweden. n*f j*,-, 

Russia d«f. DavM PrfnnilCsS^J ££ 

Zo«*e, Germany, t-4, 6~«, ^ p 

pres (II. US.M Chuck «DnML u 
M; Bort, 5«tar 17), G«^, U 4? 

P*Vno» Argentina, 7 hs (7-4), u 14, 

Wpnsdorf, Israel M. 

Franca dsf. Jakob Htasafc. ’ 

4.7* 0-3!) Brvtm 

Vi 

■SSSSX^ sir— 

SKs-ssaisa?!* 

BTBEtorHfeaaa: 











T i i « 

O' I- 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 


Page 15 


®*W 


POfiTS 


w* pa ^ ^3 


*"** Open Doors to Culture 



ift w >rii: : 
hc^i* *-7 
U2c;r u * •"' 

'is . • 

Re:che— 


i--.. ■ u ’*i 

^ 1 7^ « ■ iJt: j 


.By Joe Sexton .. . 

m : c a. Ag Wared, outdoing even 1 

Ur. t - T> - ... SAST RUTHEKPORD, New __ m f> c From portable rat 

*.|i“ ; : ‘ai JJ a r t?° rt ’ P^fSTarc fSn * G< ^- Soak are ever 

■■ id - "* k **“8 spot 545 l ? Pariang spot 638. The soon 2?’ a , dellriou s dentist fi 

?* - L-s-r ' ^ icous cross was initiated with a qidcLnrSi^ Goals and faith.” 

f" r < rSf en i£^ n Morocco and was Saudi Arabia’s respe 

,lr ^- '■ ••.-*■. is,^t shrfting of JtechSt backing ofMoh^A 

^ r . : . oya whoisIstudSTSS^ 

Tu-- *7 1 "■ * : r a -^ ;iibM« bad cultural exchange “* sympathize with the 

f* *v r ,-: . “7* ==d ,^M^son kiddng a bail back and forth with * Islamic. They 

r • - L r B 1 ^ 11 Morocco — what are the chances of bannony among i 

... ^ grtappennig anywhere but here,” sSr SL2 outlts sharper cultural ex 

- -'^.pra?^ ** Bono, who came from Manche^r TomS ™ “ unabashed 

Re*cr«-- a»bs son, NidKdas, to Saturday’s Worldr»S tb<ar analysis as their pL 

■' SSSJ. OIOCOOand S® 11 * Arabia at thS “The Saudis have m 

*> e* Sudan,” said Mohamme 

a f^r . 'fW Ft weak team. How did the 

ik M .-.; ^ Tbevah^crfthe afternoon was exhibited and Hey, the Greeks have a t 

W, & ESJAfS. CK" °f, wa > ,s - A band of Such moments of uns. 
va V- jS\S^^J^“i WeU ^ moretraditi on- were rare. Most of the 

c .=-7"..' W A ^i^hSS1L^ 0n8 ^ e v S,d ? wa lk s and appeared to be one giant 

tr j ^ -f*" ' V. he |4 boms and beating drums, on a unique rf as s trip, i 

■ c^*'" v\-«- trfW 1 ® JW* lo talk about soccer there had been marriage) 

" f * ! **-' -x^v- t b®.p’000-pen5on exercise in Uies of Saudi Arabia an< 

wc-«v ’ ; - ;c.: ? ^Bpetnal motion outside Giants Stadium. was a soccer game? 


r- ^ rf.- 3|lJ 

JS=»b s 


v iV 

furcvv 




4*qs; . 

■- ia^'i “ » 
«» * 

Vrcarv 

J 

w ich-'.;. 
*>«'.- 


• \ . 

I 




Cjc»v.v. 7 -_ . ! ^ Mb 

14- ■ S 




Ac M 


“Moroccans are a people with heart, a people 

1 bo want to share anythmg,” said Said Cherqui. 
•? 3a>, feo was bom in Casablanca. “Today, we share 
^s^|.;passion for soccer and our king . The king, of 
>rsS prse, copies first. Fd Kke to make sure to maifi* 

'a^^to Sandis sought their own kinds of 

j^Johamined Al-ghamdi, a student at Mont- 
'■i-pfeanery College in Maryland who was bom in 
i^phahran, wore a shirt full of information about 
Arabia. It read: population: 14,435,000; 
r-n^juca: 829,993 square miles; language; Arabic. 
•;?3 'W. cal, ofl, fc Al-ghamdi said. “People talk 
^ aud ^ Arabia and oil as if we all have it in 
L-^HrwaQei5. But oQ is nothing without people ” 

- 4j But everyone understood that the World Cup 
experience for both Morocco and Saudi Arabia 
T^j tDokl be next to nothing without a victory 
7.^4 Saorday. The two teams are both overmatched 
occopants of Group F, which includes the Neth- 
77] stands and Bdghim. They each began the day 
Vi mthout a triumph. Neither wanted to end it 
7 t without a singular moment of achievement 
7; j Saudi Arabia, with a late first -half goal from a 
j near epic distanoe^gained the day’s distinction 
I with a 2-1 victory. That Morocco had carried the 


adapt dimmish the din in one section at the very 
zenith of the stadium. 

there, women smiled through their veils and 
ntrtcmbraced. The baritone of traditional horns 


**<?¥■ - 

< v 

U'rC i , 


tier * ■ J 1 ’ : 

Ik 


* ■ 

* i . n - 

• --JXS 


* • j T: By Rob Hughes 

r:*m^ International Herald Tribme 

^ SAN FRANCISCO— The boy and his 

. ;.,-r Mhercome around to El Herradero when- 
oerthereis amauhon. They have soccer 
T : ” -I ffiheh blood, El Herradero is-as Mexican 

- v w they are, and flic propriety, Alonso 
. • . Ortiz, had the bright idea dt investing in a 

*4. 7 ” saieffilc dish so he could oSct the games 
“* . 77 'J - with the tacos and the. ench ilada s. 

. ‘ , ..T 7 We are in the Mission District, off San 
777’ Francisco's tourist beat. “You take care 
. .7. : - mw,” said the departing cab driver, 
“flare's bad people in these parts.” _ 

.; ■ Bad, but also good. The Mission District 

... .» * — jj gjg Larino area of town, and El Herra- 
dero is an El Dorado for those whose 

— ''7 blood is thick with soccer but who could 

•: "/-■ never afford the travel, much less the in- 
. Hated price OF a ticket, for Worid Cop 

i- In a sense, with corporate America help- 

■> ^r*^- ing to pitch the prices of entry at $40 and 

up, this is a Worid Cup beyond the means 

■ ■ j 1? of the immigr ant Americans to whom the 

.. v r.V game means so much. Passion doesn’t buy 

■ _* ' .. . a seat, much less a seat on an airplane to 





UP 


Sl2?V omdoilJ S even the crackling of Arabic 
music from portable radios. 

aJ ,( 9^ 8°als are everything,” said Fahd Ban- 

s S£uSdSl£5“ from 805,011 md 

A^^’s respect for faith won it the 
Decking of Mohamad Alazzawe, a native of Iraq 
who is a student near Washington. 

I sympathize with the Saudis,” he said. “They 
aremore Is l am ic. They are more into religion.’ 7 

The harmony among the masses was not with- 
out its sharper cultural exchanges, and theMoroc- 
cans were as unabashedly straightforward with 
their analyas as their players were with the ball. 

“The Saudis have mostly players from the 
Sudan,” said Mo hammed Bentaleb. “They axe a 
weak team. How did they get in the World Cup? 
Hey, the Greeks have a team in the World Cup.” 


were rare. Most of the Arabic crowd actually 
appeared to be one giant student body, albeit one 
on a unique class trip. One man observed that 
there had been marriages between the royal fam- 
ilies of Saudi Arabia and Morocco, and so what 
was a soccer game? 

“We hate it actually that they have put both 
these teams in the same group,” said Talal Fida, 
a Saudi student at Boston University. 

“We came for Morocco to win, but w.e will not 
mind if Saudi Arabia does,” said Azzeddine 
Anane. “We could wind up with history. Or 
maybe just a holiday ” 

Inside the stadium, the numbers of Moroccans 
and Saudis were dwarfed by others, but they 
each managed to establish strongholds and make 
themselves heard. Saudi flags rose up out of 
sections otherwise full of suburbanites, and there 
was a royal presence — Prince Bandar ibn Sultan 
and Prince Sultan ibn Fahd. 

Neighborhoods of Moroccans took root at the 
corners of the field, right above the Arabic Coca- 
Cola signs. 

Amid it all was Said Cherqui and his brother 
and father. He had grown up u Casablanca, and 
played professional soccer until the age of 17 
when injury and reality «>rih took their holds. 

“My family was poor, and you come to a point 
where you have to go one way or the other,” 
Cherqui said. “The choice was obvious. The 
choice was work.” 

Cherqui moved to Canada, studied, got a job 
and got promoted. He is now vice president for 
sales for a pulp and paper company in Ottawa. 

“I send money back all the time,” he said. 
“And then I got a chance to bring them. For the 
World Cup.” 



UeaBnonrttoeAuccuKdftm Brace Wcaw/Agencc Fnaor-Pmoc 

A Saudi Arabian soccer fan, left, sensed a victory even before his country’s team defeated Morocco in East Rutherford, New Jersey, on Saturday. In 
Orlando, Florida, Dutch fans carried a banner covered with supporters’ signatures, but their team didn’t get the message and tost to Belgium. 

Ireland’s Coach Suspended for ‘Unsporting Conduct’ 

New York Timet Service thmw-fn at a corner was taken nearly at Group E games end in draws, then all Norway, which has lost to Italy, is on the 


New York Times Service 

ORLANDO, Florida — Jack Charl- 
ton. coach of the Irish team, will not be 
on the sidelines for his team’s final 
Group E match Tuesday against Nor- 
way because he has been suspended for 
“unsporting conduct.” 

FflFA, the international soccer federa- 
tion, penalized Charlton on Saturday 
for criticizing officials after his team’s 
loss to Mexico the afternoon before. He 
also has been critical of the water pro- 
vided for his players, who are not accus- 
tomed to the Florida heat 

“I have been yelling at players — not 
referees,” the blunt Englishman said. “I 


the halfway stage.” 


four teams would have 4 points. At bottom. 


He and the Insh delegation were both most, only three teams from one group The fina l way to break ties is to draw 
fined $15,000 and an Irish player, John can advance to the second round. If the lots* which FIFA did in 1990 to separate 


Aldridge, was fined $1,800 for what adv ancing teams are dec id ed using tie- Ireland and the Netherlands in sending 
FIFA termed “ill-manner behavior.” breakers, Norway seems the most vul- both to the second round. ^ 

Chari ton’s one-game suspension may nerable. The second-place finisher in Group E 

not keep him from r unning his squad The first tiebreaker is goal differen- meets the Group F champion, which is 
during Tuesday’s match: FIFA said its tial, but all the matches have been won likely to be Belgium, on July 4 in Orlan- 
rules did not prevent the coach from by one goal The second tiebreaker is do. “We need a draw, but we’re going 
sitting in the stands or communicating goals scored, and Mexico and Ireland far a win because we want to stay in 
with his t«*in_ each have 2, which is why the Irish New York,” Denis Irwin, an Irish de- 

The match against Norway is vital team’s late goal agains t Mexico on Fri- fender, said. “We really don't fancy 
because all four t«*ms in Group E are day was important despite the loss. coming back here.” 
even in the standings, at least at first Italy ana Norway each have 1 goal. 1° addition to losing Charlton, Ire- 
glance. The third tiebreaker is direct match re- land will not have Irwin and defender 


have 2, which is why the Irish New York,” Denis Irwin, an Irish de- 
i’s late goal agains t Mexico on Fri- fender, said. “We really don't fancy 


ortant despite the loss. 
Norway each have 1 goal. 


coming back here.” 

In addition to losing Charlton, Ire- 


did protest at one linesman because a playing Mexico cm Tuesday 


Ail the teams have 3 points, with Italy 
ayrng Mexico cm Tuesday. If both 


The third tiebreaker is direct match re- laud will not have Irwin and defender 
suits, so Mexico is on top by beating Terry Phelan because each picked up a 
Ireland. The third tiebreaker also is why second yellow card against Mexico. 


Tacos Come Splashed With the Hot Sauce of Soccer 


Boston, far from where Christopher and 
his father live shoestring lives. 

But the father is proof that the police do 
not spend every day hounding immigrants 
over work permits: Papa has a shoes hine 
shop inside the focal police station. - 

He is a proud yet humble man, lean and 
moustachioed and Mexican at 50 paces. 
His son treats El Herradero almost as a 
second home; he doubtless knows every 
pennant, every poster that covers the walls 
and ceilings in memory of Mexican league 
chibs, of Argentina’s Boca Juniors, of 
Spam’s Real Madrid. 

A comer cabinet holds a miniature repli- 
ca of the Worid Cop, brought in by John 
McDermott, a world-traveled photogra- 
pher drawn to EL Herradero's warmth and 
genuineness. 

As the proprietor, wearing a Mexico 
1994 baseball cap, hurries between tables 
at almost a run, his eye strays appreciably 
toward the screen in the comer. 

Spanish is the spoken tongue. The com- 
mentary from Mexico Televisa espouses 
the familiar rolling R's and extravagant 
“Goainm Argentina!” 


Diego Armando Maradona is, naturally. 
Christopher’s idol. The boy, 7 going on 27, 
has a street-wise grasp of English as well as 
Sp anish. 

A month ago, when the United States 
played Mexico in Stanford Stadium; the 
U.S. coach. Bora Milutinovic, took Chris- 
topher and and his father to the match. 

One day, Christopher might repay that 
with a place on America's side He may, as 
a player or a supporter, be a part of the 
legacy, if any, that America gains from this 
Worid Cup. 

The UJS. squad has broken new ground 
by beating Colombia, its Latin flair and 
touch trumped by natnrali7«l players such 
as Tab Ramos and Hugo Perez. 

Christopher is aiming higher than that. 
Diego Armando Maradona is the name 
that rolls off his tongue with marvelous 
resonance. The boy. though he wears a 
Chicago Bulls sweater two sizes too big, is 
never seen anywhere without soccer shoes. 

Beneath his tousled hair and behind his 
dimpled face, the boy knows an addiction 
when he sees one. He has been in this 
restaurant when Mexico beat Ireland, seen 


grown men, and women too, grow near 
hysterical on the hopes and pressures of 90 
minutes of soccer. 

If the law stays constant, if Christo- 
pher’s father remains in favor with the 
local police, the youngster’ whose mother 
died in Mexico years ago may grow up to a 
choice. 

His slight build suggests be would be 
wise to concentrate on soccer rather than 
basketball or American footbalL But you 
never can tell. 

Taste, like sport, is an affair of the mind 
as much as the body. For now, this father 
and son, this restaurant, epitomize the His- 
panic and African youngsters whose fa- 
thers have passed on the passion for the 
game. 

On Saturday, the emotions of the match 
that had Nigeria playing Argentina could 
be enjoyed from a distance of 3,200 miles, 
in the company of El Herradero. Had it 
beat closer, had the stadium even been on 
Mission Street itself, the people watching 
in this restaurant would not have been able 
to afford the ticket prices. 


They are the folks rich in soccer knowl- 
edge, poor in resources. But thanks to 
Alonso Ortiz and his satellite dish, they 
can feast an weekly dub soccer from Mexi- 
co. 

The restaurant is itself a shrine. The 
walls and ceiling abound with pennants 
and posters of dubs in Mexico, Argentina, 
Spain. The customers roB in right, on kick- 
off and are gone shortly after the final 
whistle. 

On Saturday, they mostly favored Nige- 
ria, partly because Argentines have been 
known to look down on Mexicans, as in- 
deed Argentine high society has often dis- 
owned Maradona because of his Indian 
features. 

The thunderously powerful start by Ni- 
geria, the great goal set up by Rashid 
Yekini and finished in style by Daniel 
Amokachi, received rapturous applause at 
the tables. 

Argentina had to draw the Mexican fa- 
vor, to demand it, Latin to Latin. Two 
goals from Claudio Caniggia, a player who 
shares Maradona’s wavelength as well as 


his susceptibility to cocaine, cracked it 
open for Argentina- The second goal — a 
sublime pass from Maradona, instant con- 
trol by Caniggia, a hard shot — brought 
the house down on Mission Street 

Finally, the restaurant emptied and 
quieted. The proprietor, Alonso Ortiz, had 
just a few hours to dean up, dose up and 
make his way to the Hyatt Regency hotel 
where be worked a night shift, waiting 
tables at a banquet 

He knocked three myths on the head: 
the one about lazy immigrants, the one 
about Americans being more organized or 
enterprising than anyone else and the one 
about transplants never taking root in a 
desert 

Soccer's roots came to the United States 
with millions of immigrants. And while it 
has had to lie fallow because the Ameri- 
cans didn’t want to understand the appeal 
the pockets of popular faith in the game 
are alive and well and kicking. 

Young Qmstopher’s generation might 
yet force the elders to come to the ball 
park. 

Reb tfagfar if m *e mjf tfTheTbna. 


DENNIS THE MENACE PEANUTS 


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Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 




. v:^. •' s- *. ' 



FIFA’s Blatter Pleased by Cup Progress 


By Rob Hughes 

international Herald Tribune 

SAN FRANCISCO — It Is hal/tirae at 
the experiment taking the World Cup to 
America. Joseph Blatter, the general secre- 
tary of FIFA who made almost a personal 
crusade of cleaning up the game so that 
Americans might take to it is satisfied. 

“So far, it has been a wonderful World 
Cup," Blatter observed by telephone from 
his Dallas headquarters. “The players and 
the public have made this a big party, we are 
at match 23 already and FIFA could not be 
more delighted with the way it is going" 

Blatter has cause to glow. It was at his 
insistence that new rules to prevent players 
from kicking the goodness out of their 
game were passed. 

The outlawing of the backpass rule, the 
banning of tackles from behind and the 
introduction of three points for a victory 
are among the changes that bear Blatters 
stamp. Working with FIFA officers who 
were not too conservative to vote against 
reform, he had insisted that the those 
teams and players who had destroyed the 
ambience of tie 1990 World Cup would 
not do the same in the United States. 

On Saturday. Blatter, never a man to shy 
from praise, got a phone call from Guil- 
lermo Canedo, chairman of the 1990 


World Cup Organizing Committee, who 
told him: “This is a truly wonderful event, 
and first of all this is your personal merit." 

“The true reason for success is the behav- 
ior of the players," Blatter said. “It is far 
better than in the past and I am sure that 
there is an inter-reaction between players 
and audience. So it was vital that we present 
a positive attitude on the field, give protec- 
tion to the creative players, and insist on 
good refereeing, which we have had." 

Challenged on this. Blatter admitted 
that some referees have not fully imple- 
mented the red card instruction on tackles 
from behind. 

“Not everything is yet perfect, but I can 
say FIFA is very pleased with the stan- 
dards set so far,” he said. “I think the 
players now believe that we mean business, 
and that the two-match ban to players who 
get the red card has acted like an alarm bell 
to every body." 

With unprecedented crowds, police offi- 
cials at the game sites have been aston- 
ished at the party atmosphere and the lack 
of aggression. 

“We still have to convince some peo- 
ple,” Blatter said. 

Before Saturday's match in Orlando, se- 
curity chiefs from the Netherlands and Bel- 
gium came to the United States predicting 


there would be trouble. It did not happen. 

“Those chiefs created an atmosphere of 
panic, as they also did in Dallas and Wash- 
ington." Blatter said. “They are fools, all 
these so-called security officers who make 
such predictions.” 

Not fools, perhaps, but men frightened 
by the past. 

“The most surprising aspect of this 
World Cup to me." Blatter said, “has been 
the big interest created by the American 
media. They have adopted the new mood 
of optimism better than I expected. 

“We still have to find a solution to the 
dullness of opening match." he added. 
“Germany was, as usual cautious, in the 
first match, and Bolivia wanted at least not 
to lose in front of their head of state. We 
will look for a solution for next time.” 

With that. Blatter was called to a meet- 
ing. A referee in the Nigeria- Argentina 
match in Boston had appeared to show the 
yellow card to the wrong defender, to Sun- 
day Oliseh instead of Augustine Eguavon. 

“We are looking at the video, as we do 
all cases," Blatter said, “f there is a mis- 
take. it will be corrected because if we 
create a new climate of discipline and 
respect, we must have equity." 

IW* Hiqha u on tfirji > The Tuna. 


Barest Has Surgery, Return Is Uncertain 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

Italy's captain sleeper. Franco Baresi. 
was quickly discnaiged from the hospital 
following arthroscopic knee surgery, but 
doctors said it was uncertain whether he 
would recover in time to resume playing in 
the World Cup. 

The Italian team's doctor, Andrea Fer- 
retti, said that Baresi “does not feel any 
pain and can walk without crutches. The 
length of recovery depends on many fac- 
tors, but the range of rehabilitation" after 
such kind of operations is usually between 
15 to 60 days. 

The final is scheduled for July 17. 

In another blow for Italy, goalkeeper 
GianLuca Pagliuca was suspended for two 
games after being ejected in the match 
against Norway for handling the ball out- 
side the penalty area lo stop a breakaway. 

Pagliuca will miss Tuesday’s decisive 
first-round game against Mexico and the 
second-round game, if Italy qualifies. 

Before the punishment was announced. 
Pagliuca said he would ask the team to 


appeal a two-game suspension. But a 
FIFA spokesman said that rules provide 
for appeals only with suspensions of three 
games or more. 

Italy will have to reshuffle its defense for 
Tuesday's match against Mexico in Wash- 
ington as another key defender. Paolo 
Maldini, is nursing a strained right ankle. 

The injury list also included midfielder 
Alberigo Evani, who's sidelined with a bad 
right leg strain, while defender Mauro Tas- 
sotti resumed t rainin g, following a two- 
day rest to heal a light right thigh strain. 

• Juventus midfielder Dino Baggio, who 
scored the goal against Norway, has signed 
a four-year-contracl with the first division 
club Parma, the club said in Italy. 

A statement said the contract, worth 1 .2 
billion lire (about $760,000). was signed in 
New York on Friday night. 

Italian team officials said the transfer 
may be investigated by the disciplinary 
commission of the Italian Federation, be- 
cause negotiations and transfers are not 
allowed during the Cup competition. 


• German defender Thomas Strunz. 
who did not play in the Cup opener be- 
cause of a right h ams tring injury’, has rein- 
jured his leg during a light workout and 
may have 10 watch the game a gains t South 
Korea. 

The team's coach. Beni Vogts, indicated 
earlier that midfielder Andreas Miller, 
who has doubled as a striker, might be left 
off the starting lineup Monday. 

• Bolivian striker William Ram alio and 
defender Vladimir Soria both have ankle 
injuries and key midfield playmaker Erwin 
Sanchez is in doubt against Spain on Mon- 
day after bruising his right knee. 

Spain is certainly of having striker Julio 
Salinas fit. 

• Brazilian defender Ricardo Rocha 
said he had still not recovered from a 
strained left thigh muscle and might miss 
the match against Sweden on Tuesday. 

• Pavel Sadyrin. the embattled coach of 

the Russian team, will resign following its 
debacle in the tournament, team sources 
said. (AP, Reuters, AF) 


Mohammed Jawad of Saudi Arabia drove between two Moroccan players in the Saudi team’s victory at 

Longest Shots Hit Home in 




CALENDAR OF WORLD CUP GAMES, RESULTS, STANDINGS 


FIRST ROUND ' 

AS tones GUT 

Thim pewits awarded tor a wcfart 

GROUP A 


SwUzariana 
United Slates 
Romania 
Colombia 


L T GF GA Pli 
0 15 2 4 

0 13 2 4 

1 0 4 5 3 

0 2 5 0 


SahmJay, June 18 
At Pontiac, MKti. 
Switzerland 1. United Stales 1. be 
At Pasadena. Calif. 
Romania 3. Colombia 1 

Wednesday June 22 
At Pontiac. Mich 
Switzerland 4. Romania 1 

At Pasadena, Cflfit. 

United Slam 2, Colombia i 
Sunday Juw26 
Ai Pasadena. Calif. 
Romania ai Untied Slam. 2005 GMT 
Ai Stardord. Cant. 

Switzerland vs. CdomDta. 2005 GVT 

GROUP B 


«-8razii 

Sweden 

Cameroon 

Russia 


T OF QA PH 

0 5 0 6 

1 5 
1 2 
0 1 


3 4 
5 1 
5 0 


K-Advencea to second rouno. 
Sunday June 19 
Ai Pasadena. Calif. 

Cameroon 2, Swedon 2. M 

Monday June 20 

At Stantonl. Calil 
Brazil 2. Ruasta 0 

Friday June 24 
At Stanford, Cast. 

Brazil 3, Cameroon Q 

At Pontiac. Mich 
Sweden 3. Ruses i 

Tuesday June 2fl 
At Stanford. Colli. 

Russia vs. Cameroon. 2006 GMT 
At Pomtac. Mich. 

Brazil vs Sweden. 2005 GUT 
GROUP C 

W L T GF QA Pm 


Thursday June 23 
AtFoxboro, Mass 
South Korea 0. Bolivia, 0. bo 
Monday June 27 
At Chicago 
Bolivia vs. Sown. 2005 GMT 
Ai Dallas 

Germany vs South Korea. 2005 GMT 
GROUP D 
W L T GF I 

•■Argentina 2 0 0 8 

Mgena 1 1 0 4 

Bulgaria 110 4 

Greece 0 2 0 0 

r-Adiianoed lo second round. 
Tuesday June 21 
At ftftboro. Mass 
Argentina 4. Greece 0 

At Dallas 

tagana 3. Bulgaria 0 

Saturday June 25 
At Forbore, Mass 
Argentina 2. Nigeria 1 

Sunday June 26 
Ai Chicago 
Bulgaria 4. Graeco a 

Thursday Juno 30 
At Foxbaro, Mass 
Greece vs. Nigeria, 2335 GMT 
At Dallas 

Argentina vs Bulgaria. 2335 GMT 
GROUP E 

V* L T 
1 1 
1 1 
1 1 


Ireland 

Mexico 
Haty 
None ay 


Germany 

Spain 

South Korea 
BoQtrta 


Friday, June 17 

At Chicago 

Germany 1. Bolivia 0 

At Dallas 
Spain 2, South Korea 2, be 

Tuesday June 21 
At Chicago 

Germany i . Scan 1 . be 


0 

0 ; 
0 

110 

Saturday, June 18 
At East Rutherford. NJ. 
Ireland 1, Italy 0 

Sunday June 19 
ai Washington 
Norway t. Mexico 0 

Thursday June 23 
At East Rutnadora.N.J. 
IBfyi. Norway 0 

Friday June 24 
At Ortando.no. 
Mexico 2, Ireland t 

Tuesday June 28 
ai East Huthartofd. NJ. 
Ireland vs Norway. 1635 GMT 
At Washing ton 
fiarvvs Meaco. 1635 GMT 
GROUP F 
W L T 
2 0 
1 1 


r oa 

2 2 
2 2 
1 1 


Sunday June 19 

At Orlando, Fla. 

Belgium 1. Morocco O 

Monday June 20 
At Washing ion 
Netherlands 2. Saudi Arabia i 
Saturday June 25 
At Orlando. Ra. 

Belgium 1. Netherlands 0 

At East Rutherford. NJ. 

Saudi Arabia 2. Morocco i 

Wednesday June 29 
AI Orlando. FIs 

Morocco vs. Netherlands. 1635 GMT 
A] Washington 

Bwgfomva Saudi Arawa. 1 635 GMT 

SECOND ROUND 

Sahaday July 2 
Game 37 

At Chicago 

Group C winner vs Group A B or F third place, 
1705 GMT 

Gome SB 

at Washington 

Group A second place vs. Group C second 
ptaoe, 2C35 GMT 

Sunday July 3 
Gam 39 
At Dallas 

Group P second place vs Group B second 
place. 1705 GMT 


•-Belgium 2 0 0 

Saudi Arabia i 1 0 

Netherlands 110 

Morocco 0 2 0 

• -Advanced lo sec o nd round. 


GF GA PM 

2 0 6 
3 3 3 

2 2 3 

1 3 0 


At Pasadena, Calif. 

Group A winner n Group G. 0 or 6 third place. 
2035 GMT 

Monday July 4 
Gam 41 

At Orlando, FIs 

Group F winner vs Group E second place. 1605 
GMT 

Qam«Z 

At Stanford. Cain 

Group Bwtraterva Group A, Cor 0 Bilro place. 
1935 GMT 

Tuasday Juty S 
Gam 43 
Ai Foxbaro. Mass. 

Group D winner vs Group B. E or F third place. 
1705 GMT 

Game 44 

At East Rutherford. NJ. 

Group E winner vs. Group □ second place 2035 
GMT 

QUARTERFINALS 
Sahaday July 9 
Gamas 

AI Foxboro. Maes. 

Game 43 winner vs. Gama 3S winner. 1 60S GMT 





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Game 48 

At Dallas 

Game 41 winner vs Gome 42 winner, 1935 GMT 
Sunday July 10 
Game 47 

At Easi Rutherford. NJ. 

Game J4 winner vs. Game 37 winner. 1 605 GMT 
Gatna48 
AI Stanford. Call!. 

Game ag winner vs. Game 40 winner, 1935 GMT 

SEMIFINALS 

Wednesday July 13 

AI East Ruihertora, NJ 

Gome 47 winner n Game 45 winner. 2005 GMT 
A! Pasadena. Cam 

Game 48 winner vs. Game 48 winner. 2335 GMT 

THIRD PLACE 

Saturday July 18 
Ai Pasadena. Caftl 
Semifinal losera. 7935 GMT 

CHAMPIONSHIP 

Sunday Juty 17 
At Pasadena, Calif 
Semifinal winners, 1935 GMT 

Match Results 

FRIDAY'S RESULTS 
Sweden X Russia 1 

Scorers: Sweden — Tomes Broun t34tn. 
panoltv), Martin Dohlln (Mfn and 82nd): Rus- 
sia — Oleg Saienko {4th, penalty). 

Referee: joei Quintan (Francs). 

Yet taw rants: Sweden — Kenner Andersson 
(42nd>. Stefan Scflwcrz (52nd). Martbi Dohlln 
(JBtti); Russia — Serve! Gorlukovlch (2nd). 
Dmitry Khar in (34111). 

Red earn: Russia — Serge) Gorlukovlch 
(50fh). 

Brazil 3, Cameroon 0 
Scorers: RomarJo (39th), Marcia Kurin 
(65th). Bebelo (73th). 

Reform Arturo PaWo Brlzta l Mexico], 
Yollow cords: BrozJJ— Mauro 51 Ivo (45tti); 
Cameroon— Steehen Toiaw Raymond 
Kollo (38tfi). 

Red cant: Cameroon — Rlooben Bahanang 
Song (63d). 

SATURDAY'S RESULTS 
AJVHthM 1 Nigeria i 
Scorers: Argentina —Claudio Cantata (22nd 
and 29th): Nigeria — Somson Stasia (8th). 
Referee: Bo Korlsson (Sweden). 

Yellow cards: Nigeria — Sunday Oliseh 
(14iti), Augustine Eguavoen (22nd), Mike 
Emenalo (54th J ; Argentina — Claudio canfg- 
gla (55th). 

Saudi Arabia 2 Morocco 1 
Scorers: Scwdl Arabia — Sami aktober 
<7th-oanaltv), Fuad Anwar Amin 145m) : Mo- 
rocco — Mohamed Chaouch (27th). 

Referee: Philip Don (England). 

Yeltaw cards: Saudi Arabta— Total jobr In 
ISO). Fuad Anwar Amin (75tti>. Khatid ol- 
Muallld (7fflh>: Morocco — Aboelkrlin Ho- 
drloul (341ft), AbdesJam el-GtirlssJ (B2nd). 
Beteiem 1, Neilmnaids a 
Scorer: Phtllpoe Albert (Mtti). 

Referee: Renata Marstglta (Brazil). 
Yellow cords: Belgium— Vital Borkelmons 
(20th); Netherlands — Jot wwiers U9th>. 
Wlm Jonk 13*1. Rob Wltsehge (49th), Frank 
Rllkaard (Blsfl. Dennis Bergkamo (Bath). 
SUNDAY'S RESULT 
Bulgaria 4, Greece a 

Scorers: Hrtato ShMetikov (Bti and 56th, 
penalties). Yordan Lechkov (Mthi. Daniel 
Barfmlrov (90th) 

Referee: All Mohamed Bulsalm (United 
Arab Emirates) 

Yellow cants: flufgarta — Petar HutxJwv 
(16th). Triton ivanov (27th). ZJatVo Yatkov 
(35th). Daniel Borlmlrav (BStti) ; Greece- Alexis 
Ataxaxfls fTtfi). Minos HotzUes (43d). Tosos 
MltroMuloa (60th). Volos Karavwits (71st). 

Goal Scorers 

After matches played Saturday 
3 — Gabriel Batistuta. Argentina; Thomas 
Dohlln. Sweden. 

3 — Gearoes Brew. Switzerland: Food Amin. 
Saudi Arabta: Ctaudlo Canlgglo. Argentine: 
Alberto Care Id Aspe, Mexico; Juan Antonio 
Golkoetxea. Spain: Gheorghe Hggl, Roma- 
nia: Jurgen Klinsmann. Germany; Florin Ro- 
duclolu. Romania: Ramdrla Brazil; Adolfo 
vatanda. cotemWa. 

1 — Ptwitooe Albert, Beta lam; Jam Atartdae. 
Ireland; Sami Jaber. Saudi Arabta; Daniel 
AmofcOOti, Nigeria; Emmanuel Arrtuniko, Ni- 
geria; Ditto Baggio. Italy; Babeto. Brazil; To- 
mas Brolln. Sweden; Station# Chaoulsat, 
Switzer lan d; Mohanmea Chaouch. Morocco; 
Marc Degrvsse. Belgium; David 6 m be. Cam- 
eroon; Hong Wrung Ba South Kona: Roy 
ittugntaA, inland; Wlm Jonk, Netherlands. 
Adrian Knun. Switzerland; Roger Lluns, Swe- 
den: Diego Maradona, Arganttno; Francdse 
Oman Divide, Comeraon: Rot. Brazil: kmu 
R etataL Norway; Ohm Satonka, Russia; Julio 
So Unas. Spain.; M6reio Santos. Brazil; Sac 
Jung Won. South Korn; Samson Stasia Nige- 
ria; Ernie Stewart. U-S.; Atata Sutter, Switzer- 
land; Gaston Taumenl, Netherlands; Eric 
Wynekta. Ui; RasnUI YekJnt. Nigeria. 

Own Goats-ArvSnn Escobor. Colombia (tor U-S.) 


By Lawrie Mifflin 

Now York Times Service 

EAST RUTHERFORD. New Jersey — 
Before the World Cup began, oddsmakers 
had made Saudi Arabia the longest shot to 
win, at 500 to I. 

The Saudis, after all, had never qualified 
for a World Cup. Their country is a vast 
sandbox, with grass soccer fields plopped 
down in selected cities only in the last two 
decades. 

Their players compete professionally in 
a league so young and parochial that it 
barely qualifies as professional in caliber 
— a league for which Moslem clergymen 
had to give permission for the men to play 
in shorts. 

But against Morocco at Giants Stadium 
on Saturday, before a surprisingly large 
crowd of 72,404, this underrated Saudi 
team surprised all the experts — and espe- 
cially the Moroccan team — by winning, 2- 
I, and putting itself in good position to 
make it into the tournament's second 
round. 

“This means a lot,” said Mohammed 
Jawad, the Saudi captain, speaking softly 
in very good English after the game. “The 
whole world is looking. They didn't know 
about us, and we surprised them. It makes 
us very happy." 

They certainly surprised Lie Dutch, tak- 
ing a 1-0 lead last Monday and holding 
their own all evening before losing. 2 - 1 . on 
a goal in the last few minutes. Now the 
Saudis have the same three points as. and 
share first place in Group F with, those far 
more highly rated European teams from 
the Netherlands and Belgium, They will 


play Belgium on Wednesday in Washing- 
ton. ’ V - . .; 

“Against the Netherlands, we, played 
very good,” the Saudis’ Argentinian coach, 
Jorge Solan, said through translators 
working from Spanish to Arabic 'to Eng- 
lish. “We played well enough to win, but 
we had very tough luck.” • , _ 

Against Morocco^ it must te said, the 
Saudis had very good luck. 

They got a penalty shot, and Sana Jaber. 
the man who was tripped in the area, 
scored on it in the game’s ei gh th minute. 
Morocco, forced to open up, had far the 
better of the play for most of the first half 
and made the Saudi defense look amateur- 
ish on the Moroccan goal, in die 27th 
minute. 

But Fuad Amin, the hard-working mid- 
fielder who had headed in the Saudis', goal 
in the 2-1 loss to the Netherlands, scored 
on a beautifully taken, swerving long shot 
at the 45-minute marie to send his team 
into the locker room leading 2 - 1 . 

And that stood up — in huge part be- 
cause Mohammed Deayea, rite Saudis’ tail 
and acrobatic goalie, stood up to Moroc- 
co’s best shots. Many of these came off the 
rocket-launcher foot of Rachid Daoudi, 
who took nine shots in the game, almost all 
either on goal or just over it 

One of Iris shots came so close to skim- . 
ming in that it landed on the netting atop 
the Saudi goal; another hit the crossbar so 
hard that it ricocheted about 30 yards back 
into midfield. 

But for all their energetic offensive 
moves, including substituting a third for- 


ward for one of their regular defenders' 1 
minutes into the second half, the Morot 
ams could not find the back of the nt 
after their first goal. 

That was the shot Mohammed Chaouc 
drilled in from Deayea’s doorstep after h. 

teammate, Ahmed Bahja, paralyzed tt. 
Saudi defenders with his/drazling driT 
bhng around them in the pjotalty area. 

“Our brothers, the Moroccans,‘have per- J 
formed an excellent show,” Deayea, who is 
21 , said through a translat<Jr. ‘‘Our team 
and the Moroccan team put on a good 
game. No matter who won; itwas a victory 
for an Arab team. - 

It was a victory gained by the hard work; 
and intuitive soccer sense of Amin, as welL 
At midfield, he pounced on a hoy pass sent 
out by the otherwise savvy Moroccan d& 
fender AbdeBcrim Hadrioui, and dribbled 
forward, fighting off a shirt-tugging at-; 
temp t to sttx> Him - as the rcferce neld his 
whistle for toe advantage. - . 

Nearing the penalty area on the right 
side, still about 25 yards out, Amin looked 
up— he later said be bad :been . thinking' 
abbul -pas&ng— and Suddenly lashed a 
shot' that seemed to be sailing toward the 
farskie, almost Kk^a cross. ;• 

Goalkeeper Khalil Azmi started to 
lunge that way. The ball sliced bade, and 
into rite net, a^the goalie scrambled back, 
getting one useless band on ifc- - : 

. “It was a wonderful goal," Jawad said. 
*Tt was like a banana kick ~ the goalkeep- 
er went to his right side andriie baO curved 
bade and surprised him." 

‘ Just as the Saudls have surprised almost 
everyone m the World Cup so far. . 


. - .u 

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. 

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■*n4 

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-.«• 


WOiLS CUP WRAP-UP 



Compiled in- Our Staff From Dispatch n 

More than 400 people have 
needed medical attention after 
being affected by the heat at the 
three matches played so far in 
the Citrus Bowl, according to 
an Orlando Fire Department 
official. 

Assistant Chief Bob Pearce 
said 64 persons sought medical 
attention at Saturday's match 
between Belgium and’ihe Neth- 
erlands, with two needing to be 
taken to a hospital. 

But that was down signifi- 
cantly from the 160 who report- 
ed to first aid posts during last 
Sunday’s game between Bel- 
gium and Morocco, and the 217 
at Friday’s match between 
Mexico and Ireland. 

Six had to go to hospital last 
Sunday and eight on Friday. 


The temperature in Orlando 
on Sarurday was 91 Fahrenheit 
(33 centigrade), rising to 96 
Fahrenheit on the field, Pearce 
said. 

But, he added, with humidity 
taken into account it would 
have fell like 1 10 Fahrenheit on 
the field. 

Pearce said spectators were 
starting to take precautions 
against the extreme heat by 
wearing light clothing, drinking 
fluids and avoiding alcohol, 
which has a dehydrating effect. 

• Three of the four referees 
who handed out red cards in the 
opening week are among those 
picked to officiate the final 
first-round games. 

Peter Mikkelsen of Denmark 
refereed Sunday's match be- 
tween Switzerland and Colom- 
bia. Hellmut Krug of Germany 


will referee Bdghim-Saudi Ara- 
bia cm Wednesday and Nqja 
Jn uini of Tunisia win bundle - 
the final match of the first' 
round, between Argentina and.: 
Bulgaria in Dallas next Thurs- 
day . 

But Switzerland’s coach, Roy 
Hodgson, said that M S0 percent 
of the yellow cards Tve seen 
given so far have been totally 
unjustified.” ' 

“The idea of giving yellow 
cards left, right and center is 
one that’s never goi ng to appeal 
to coaches, but FIFA may 

K e afterwards that it has 
for the good of the game, 
so we may nave to just keep 
quiet,” he added. 

• In Huntington Park, a pre- 
dominately Hispanic city five' 
miles southeast of downtown 


-Lqs r Angetes, :a lodc-ritrowing 
melee erupted from astreet par- . 
-ty attended byahout-5,000 cele- 
brating - Meqco's victory over 


'.A. sheriffsideputy was in- 
jared when he was struck by a 
car, and /tumor looting broke 
out after revdcrl smashed the 
windows - of businesses with 
rocks arid botfle^wa&e said.- r. 

• FIFA dad Friday; that 
getia would 

Youths Chairipioiss%a'TW 
March.% -i 

• Belghim'sreamwasrohxif ; 
taied that Its Jibid: diiJmct tei'' 
ceive the stationsshowing Cup ;■ 

wfRtdtes tbaF the^rplayeis - and 

fx wwb etr :p w i d . SiSP' to have a 
satellite: . dish'JnbtsSled teoqxF; 
rarily, the Orlando ^ re^ 

ported. : . ' --- •' 

' (Raaers,- A PyAFP) 


> 



' i 


Dahlin Sparks a Swedish Tumaroimd 


By Christopher Clarey 

Hew York Times Service 

PONTIAC. Michigan — Four years 
in Italy, Sweden’s soccer team could do 
little right in the World Cup finals, losing 
all three matches it played to Brazil to 
Scotland and, most painfully, to a lightly 
regarded team from Costa Rica coached 
by a now-familiar Serb named Bora Milu- 
tinovic. 

Four years ago in Italy, Sweden did not 

have Martin D ahlin . 

Friday night with the gold hoop in his 
left ear glittering under me lights of the 
Silverdome. Dahlin gave a memorable 
demonstration of his world-class blend of 
athleticism and opportunism to rally his 
team to a crucial 3-1 victory over a dimin- 
ished Russian side. 

“Martin has had a lot of good perfor- 
mances over the last few years, but I would 
have to say this is one of his best if not the 
best" said Sweden's coach. Tommy Svens- 
son. 

Dahlin, a 26-year-old striker, was instru- 
mental in all three Swedish goals, setting 
up the first by drawing a foul in the Rus- 
sian box that led to Tomas Brolin's penalty 
kick and scoring the other two goals off 
well-placed headers in the second half. 

In so doing, Dahlin carried Sweden to its 
first victory in a World Cup final stage since 
1974 and all but assured it of a place in the 
second round, much to the delight of 71,528 
fans, most of whom backed Sweden. 

“I got two great crosses and just used my 
head; it was not too difficult,” said Dahlin, 


who, with three goals in two matches , is 
tied for the tournament scoring lead with 
Gabriel Batistuta of Argentina. 

Both of Dahlin’s coals came after the 
30th minute, when the Russian defender 
Sergei Gorlukovitch was given, his second 
yellow card and ejected for fo uling Dahlin. 

The ejection left the Russians with 10 
men for the remainder of the second half 

“I think we would have won even if they 
had 1 1 . Svensson said. 

Yuri Semin, a Russian assistant coach, 
was less convinced. “The red card was 
crucial. We lost the match because of it," 
he said. 

About the only thing to go awry for 
Dahlin was the yellow card he received in 
the second half, which coupled with the 
yellow card he received in Sweden’s open- 
er, will keep him out of Tuesday’s final 
group game against Brazil. 

That game in the Silverdome will decide 
the winner of Group B. Brazil has 6 points,, 
while Sweden has 4. Even if Dahlin’s team- 
mates lose to the likes of Romirio and 
Bebeto, Cameroon would have to beat 
Russia and make up a significant goal 
differential to steal second place from 
Sweden. 

"It's going lo be a big game against 
Brazil, so of course I’m sad to miss it,” 
Dahlin said. "But the most important 
thmg is to reach the second round, and I 
hope they can do it without me. In fact I 
know they can.” 

Russia, which opened with a 2-0 loss to 
Brazil, was not nearly so ebullient. Six of 


Russia’* best 
the World 




a":-. 


the team’s play has been giaangly. evident^ 
“The fact they can stilfput. put a decent 
team is amazing,” said Anders - 

midfielder for Sweden. uYoii take 
or seven of the best Swdish playcrs^®! , 
oar team and we would- be no thing . Ijatitv ; 
is veay sad for Russia <aH thrir. 
ers, they could"hacve &m a contend v 
the World Cup titled "r - - ■ , ;.|*£ 

One of sevwal rcascps SadyTm’s plsyeri- j '_ 
called for his dismissal was Ms .tolas / 
blaming them publicly for defeats, AppaiS? - ; 
ently, Sadyrin is a. creature of babit. ; A 
the loss to Brazil, jte openly criliciyed 
strikers and defender Vladislav TSrijis 
who was~ victimized repeatedly -by 
miiio, and; promised 'thsK : .i%vam 
changes.” : • v. 

True to M* word, Sadyrin prrf ho 
than five new starters on the- field' 

Sweden, leaving star strikcr-Ser&ei 
on the bench and getting ^ 

of Ms defensive leader Victor 
who had to sit out the opening match. 

Not even Sadyrin could hff 
the changes would pay off sd . 
the fourth minute, Sw edish def aider 
er Ljung became tangled with si^k^Ali 
saadr Borodiuk after a ,cross mto 
Swedish penalty area. Striker 'Okig'S 
converted the ensuing penalty to give 
Russians a 1-0 lead. : . i •• 

But Dahlia’s strong play ensured 
Russia's lead was short-lived. . - 


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l§S! Maradona Proves 
fP B® Hasn’t Lost 
“^‘sssy JOie Magic Touch 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 


Page 17 



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Nigeria ’s Aggressive Play 
Is No Match for Argentina 




• V' ■• ** ■ •■•ts - « 

■ , * ' ? „ ■• a 


Stoichkov Scores 
Twice as Bulgaria 
Beats Greece, 4-0 




By Santiago O’Donnell 

••.-•- Washington Past Service 

FOXSORO, Massachusetts 
— For a moment, h looked like 
a changing of the guard would 
tate 'ptocc. Nigeria, out to prove 
to jjereamal contender Argenti- 
na that African soccer had fi- 
naBy arrivedon the world stage, 
scored qukddy. 

Then two-time World Cup 
champion Argentina showed it 
hash 1 ! lost its touch. 

With star midfielder Diego 
Maradona " pulling the strings 
and speedy striker Claudio Can- 
iggja scoring twice, Argentina 
nDkdfora2pl victory Saturday 
befcon a sellout crowd. 

“Aff.of Argentina should be 
propd ^ fiiis team’s heart,” a 
cnphOTic Maradona said. “De- 
bate Nigeria’s goal and rough 
play, we were able to tum the 
gauta/houzuL” 

Thib niatch b^an with a fiur- 
ly. In tbe third tnmnte, Oscar 
dribbled a bah almost 
across! the Nigerian goal line, 
but no Argentine attacker was 
able to push it in. A minute 
latex, Ri^gicri headed a Mara- 
dana comer kick and a defend- 
er had to the shot on the 
goaLfine with Nigerian goalie 
Peter Rufai beaten. . 

. Then, In the eighth minute, 
the Super Green Eagles took 
the lead en jhar, first deep at- 
tack, a ..beautiful, gjve-aod-go 
between Rashced Ydnni and 
Srawan'-Sasia that Siasia fin- 
isfaed with a chip shot over goal- 
keeper Luis Islas’s head. 

AzgctHina roared back in a 
desperate ^ attack, sending de- 
fenave~jmdfiddas Diego S- 
iueoheaid Eonando Redondo 
fotvrtud-on charge after charge. 
NigedaUried to stop Argentina 
by aQ jneans necessary. The 
S«edndi iefecee, Bo Karisson, 
calling a strict game, whistling 
Nigenafor 33 fouls against Ar- 
gentina’* five. 

t “rfbe referee made use of the 
fair play ride and I commend 
him-fbr :> fl«it, M Argentina’s 
ooadi^ AlfioBasile, said. 
'.Nigeria’s coach, Clemens 
Westehoi; sawit differently. 

“Maybe far back, in his past, 
the mtott was related to Mara- 
doaa, bat Fin not sure,” he said. 

; Nigeria tktyr needs at least a 
tie against Greece on Thursday 


to have a shot at advancing to 
the second round. 

Argentina tied in the 22d min- 
ute off a free lack. Maradona 
touched to Gabriel Batistuta, 
who sent a rocket toward goal 
that Rufai could not h an rife 
cleanly, and the poaching Canig- 
gia put the rebound into the ne t 

“I felt great in the field," 
Maradona said. “1 felt impor- 
tant. I felt (he team needed me 
to have the balL” 

And what did Westerhof 
think erf Maradona? 

*T thought he played well at 
first,” he said. “But later he be- 
came tired and complained l»v«* 
a baby.” 

Argentina continued its re- 
lentless attack and created two 
opportunities that Abel Baibo 
rushed. But the South Ameri- 
cans were rewarded in the 28th 
minute with a second goal on 
another brilliant assist from 
Maradona, who caught the Ni- 
gerian defense sleeping and set 
up Caniggia off a free kick. 

Alone in the penalty area, 
Caniggia took his time before 
curling a shot off Rufafs far 
post. 

In the second half, Argentina 
tried to freeze the action and 
wait for Nigeria to crane out, but 
the Nigerians wouldn’t bite. The 
game lost rhythm. 

Nevertheless, Argentina 
m a n ag e d to create at least a 
half-dozen dear chances, sever- 
al of them generated by Mara- 
dona’s inspired left fooL Rufai 
was outstanding, stopping can- 
non shots by Redondo and Ba- 
tistuta from inside five meters. 

On the other end, Yekim lived 
up to his billing as one of the 
strongest and most dangerous 
forwards in the world. But de- 
spite manhandling Rnggferi on 
several plays, tins day he ladced 
his famous finishing touch. 

Seven minutes before the 
end, Ydrini found himself akrae . 
against- Islas on the right side, 
but the Argentine goalie' came ' 
up with a big save. It was Nige- 
ria's last chance. 

“I played with confidence 
but in football you learn some- 
thing every day, more when you 
lose,” Ydrini said. “We learned 
today because we played 
against a world champion for 
the first time in a World Cup.” 


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* worm C iiibrvAftrKT Fnooo-PrEue 

Abel Baibo, a forward for Argentina, getting past Samson Siasia of Nigeria during Argentina’s victory on Saturday. 


Reuters 

CHICAGO — Hristo Stoich- 
kov scored on two penalty shots 
as Bulgaria beat Greece. 4-0. on 
Sunday and finally claimed its 
first victory in six World Cup 
final appearances. 

Midfielder Stoichkov, Bul- 
garia’s most celebrated player, 
scored early in each half of the 
Group D match played in blus- 
tery conditions at Soldier Field. 

Striker Yordan Letchkov 
added a third goal in the 66th 
minute^ running on to a fine 
pass from Zlatko Iankov to slot 
the baD past goalkeeper Bias 
Atmatzidis. 

Substitute Daniel Borimirov 
got the fourth goal in injury 
time. 

Greece has now conceded 
right goals in the first two 
games of its first appearance in 
the finals and has no chan ce of 
reaching the second round. 

Bulgaria play the group's 
leade, Argentina, which 
thrashed Greece by a 4-0 score, 
in their final match on June 30. 

Eight players were booked in 
a hard-fought game rarely pret- 
ty to watch. 

Greece started the game in 
the worst posable fashion when 
striker Alexandras Alexoudis, 
trying to help out his defense on 
a Bulgarian nee kick, gave away 
a penalty in the fifth annate. 


As the free kick was headed 
back across goal, Alexoudis fell 
to the ground during the scram- 
ble and accidentally trapped 
the ball under his arm. But he 
did not try to release the ball 
and the referee, Ali Mohammed 
Bujsaim, blew his whistle. 

Stoichkov stroked the ball 
home with his left foot as goal- 
keeper Atmatzidis, one of the 
six new players on the Greek 
side, went the wrong way. 

Greece seriously troubled the 
Bulgarian goalkeeper, Borislav 
Mihailov, only once in the first 
half and the second 45 minutes 
was to prove a nightmare. 

In the 56th minute Nasko 
Sirakov chased a long baD into 
the Greek penalty area and was 
brought down by central de- 
fender Yawiis Kalitzalris. But 
the referee called the penalty 
against the goalkeeper for hold- 
ing Sirakov back from reaching 
the loose baD. 

The Greek players protested 
loudly, Stoichkov put the ball 
into the right-hana corner past 
the diving Atmatzidis and it 
was 2-0. 

After Lechkov’s goal, Greece 
threw everything into its attack 
and created several chances, 
mainly by tricky winger Savvas 
Koffides and Alexoudis. 

But their first World Cup 
goal eluded them and Borimir- 
ov’s goal was the final insult 


Cameroon Fails as Brazil's Saboteur, Leaving the Job Open 


By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribute 

PALO ALTO, California — 
Perhaps, one inspired day next 
month, the Brazilians mil be 
had. The right opponent peak- 
ing, playing the game of a life- 
time — theoretically it could 
happen. 

Cameroon, much to every- 
one’s disappointment, was not 
that team. Its Group B encoun- 
ter with Brazil on Friday had 
been forecast as the most outra- 
geous matchup of the first 
round, but the Africans were 
too inconsistem to satisfy such 
predictions. They could still ad- 
vance to the second round with 
a victory over Russia on Tues- 
day, but recreating their 1990 
showing seems beyond them. 

That sensational team had 
grown and settled together over 
the preceding decade, becoming 
the first African nation to reach 
the World Cup quarterfinal be- 


fore losing to Englan d on a cou- Brazilians, listening from the 
pie of penalties. The 1994 ver- stadium floor, tightened their 


si on was unmasked by Brazil as 
pretenders, inheritors trying to 


rhythm. 

Later they claimed they had 


it were all happeni 
cage. He never was 


inride a were building and building to 
eaten ed. some sort of climax; you want- 


live up to their fathers’ reputa- been pressing until the 39th 
tions — a bunch of Frank Sina- min ute when Dunga launched 


tra Jrs. 

Cameroon’s 1990 reputation 
didn’t faze its arrogant 1994 op- 


a baD through the middle to 
Romirio. In fact they had 
seemed unperturbed by the 


ponem, which became the firsL scorelessness, placid, tike a 
team to qualify for the second great artist uns wayed by hi* 
round while continuing to dis- poverty. Then Romano chased 
tance itself from co-favorite that ball into the box, wearing 


The Br azilians, when it was ed to scream “Hurry up!” as 
their turn, were always ro man - Milla casually walked to the 
tic, almost choreographed to bench and relaced his shoes 
the single drum beating some- around the heels, the first sign 
where around them. that he definitely was coming 

The Africans were hacking in* He pulled on his shirt, told 
and wrestling, but that was a the manager he was as ready as 
facet of their game four years ever and then stood at the div- 
ago. too. Their new cast ap- in g- board edge of the field just 
peared intimidated and dull- as teammate Rigoben Song Ba- 


players’ strike Wednesday for 
nonpayment of salaries — 
which is no excuse, since it was 
a problem in 1990 as wefl. His 
teammates demanded that he 
play. He told Reuters on Sun- 
day that he had quit the team. 

“I know they want to punish 
me, but so far the rest of the 
team are standing by me, unlike 

• r ... " D.II 


Germany. three frantic defenders behind 

For the first half-hour the like a parachute, and his killer 
Brazilians moved along like a instinct overlook the beauty. 
Philip Glass, composition — He stuffed his goal under the 
beautifully, luflingly, wave after left armpit of Joseph-Antoine 
wave rising up from the center Bell, the goalkeeper who slid 


Facet of their game four years ever and that suwd at the div- tcam m ^^0 by me, unlike 
ago. too. Their new cast ap- ing-board edge of the field just ^ Ital four y^js ago” Bell 
peared intimidated and dim- as teammate Rigoben Song Ba- 3 j “t? 

minded. Against his better hanag, 25 years his younger. 


without the concluding and sat- into the ankles of three team- 
isfying crash onto shore. Then a mates while the dominant strik- 


Ihree frantic defenders behind judgment, perhaps — he’s never was receiving the red card for 
tike a parachute, and his killer seemed excited by the idea — tackling Dunga down right 
instinct overlook the beauty. Henri Michel, Cameroon’s wing. 

He stuffed his goal under the French coach, went into the at- Milla became the oldest play- 
left armpit of Joseph-Antoine tic and puDed out 42-year-old er in the 64-year history of the 
Bell the goalkeeper who slid Roger Milla, the 1990 hero. World Cup. As perfect as his 


er in the 64-year history of the 
World Cup. As perfect as his 


drum began to beat from one of er of the tournament ran free to 
the dozens of green and yellow celebrate his second goal. 


In a while T-shirt, with the tuning was four years ago, it 
thick, flat stomach of a career was dreadful now. He was wait- 


patches amid the 83,401 sun- For long periods Cameroon 
ning in Stanford Stadium. had roamed throughout the en- 
For the rest of the day it beat emy half, but Taffaid, the Bra- 
like an a m pli fie d heart while the rilian goalkeeper, watched as if 


Marine sergeant, he j 
sprinted behind his g< 


;ed and mg his first touch when Jorgin- 
f or sev- ho’s cross exploited the man ad- 


eral ceremonial minutes, as if vantage in the 66th minute, 
on the field destiny was waiting finding M&rcio Santos alone 


said. 

The Brazilians have enforced 
two shutouts, while their five 
goals is more than they scored 
in the 1 990 finals. While they go 
inside the miserable Silverdome 
on Tuesday to play Sweden for 
the championship of Group B, 
Cameroon is hoping to qualify 
as one of the best third-place 
teams with a victory against the 
Russians. 



finding M&rcio Santos alone “Of course there is still apos- 
for him. near the far post to put Brazil ability if we can puD ourselves 

Meanwhile the Brazilians up 2-0. together after this performance 

The scoring finished eight and get our game to settle down 
minutes later with Bebeto put- a bit,” Michel said, 
ting in Romirio's rebound. The It wfl] be hard work. This 
result would have been even long-awaited first meeting bc- 
worse for Cameroon if not for tween Brazil and the beloved 
BeU. their athletic 40-year-old Africans showed that Brazil’s 
goalkeeper, who saved most of grace remained as ti m eless as 
the Brazilian crosses as if they the latest performance. For 
were breakables tumbling from Cameroon, until a new savior 
an earthquake. The Cameroon creates himself, the best weap- 
feder&tiou demanded his on remains a bald memory 
benching after he threatened a named MDla. 




the noble time 

IUVENIA 

1860 




.. _ HBuDeryt/TheAwdslcdPtoi 

.• s* Ronald Koeman.of tbe Netherlands taking an indirect free kick toward a wall of Belgian defenders during the Dutch team’s 1-0 loss at the Citrus Bowl in Orlando, Florida. 


mx 


x 


.... jfc*. 


For Belgium’s ’Keeper, Nothing’s Better Than ‘Nothing’ 


' i f: By Malcolm Moran . . . 

' .'T 1 '. Y ‘. New Tor* Times Serrke . 

\ QRLANDD, Florida — As the resurrected 
nvaby Between Bdgium and the Neth erl ands 
g>i® mto tbfrfinal moments, the drama of thsir 
! l ITfe meetihg, the fusion the global stage of the 
WosH Cup fiiialsi 'was reduced to a simple 
_ . '■ . . 
' cBbeuVus thdr first meeting m serai years 
pass*!* into the timelessness of injury tune, the 

* difference remained dean ' 

i" •« 3&e ’keeper w&o can keep the |«<>^ viay 
t ba^” Msdhel PreudTioinme said Saturday. : 
l H^ ability tQ db that forBdgmm in a second 
; consecutive garner in the face of mcreasu^ pres- 
f sure from the risk-taking Dutch, made Philippe 
l Ate’s coal in' the 65th minute the difference m 
I- S^uznVcnkmooa] 1-0 victory at the Citrus 


competition when observers begin to wonder 
whether teams wffl-be willing to settle for ties to 
conserve energy for later rounds, the two Euro- 
pean neighbors overcame another day of oppres- 
sive heat in central Florida to raise the game to 
an art form. . . 

“People were saying before the game, ‘Maybe 
they wiD play for one point,’ ” Preud’homme 
said. “But we proved we wanted to win the 


J.Belgit 
iBowL 
1 * 


i DeviJs, who lead . Group Fwith_rix 
alined for second-round play. The 
fece>fprocco here Wednesday after- 
their future in doubt. At a point in the 


Those suggestions began to vanish from the 
first minute, ^ when the header by Belgian forward 
Joap Weber passed just above the crossbar. The 
tffimg were pushed by the rhythmic applause and 
frequent of all those supporters who had 

come thousands of m3e$ to dress in red and 
orange- — a clash, if thrae ever was one — and sit 
in the Florida heat 

An orange-dad band not far from the field, an 
international version of the old Brooklyn Dodger 
Sym-Phony, presented a pregame medley that 
included “Deep in the Heart of Texas,” “The 
Star-Spangled Banner,” and “YMCA.” 


As the game began to develop, the chanting 
and singing would temporarily seLtle into quiet 
as the fans waited for a flow to develop. For the 
Netherlands, whose fans have placed less empha- 
sis on the rivalry with Belgium as the nation 
found it could compete with the powers, the 
opportunities continued to come. 

Ronald Koeman, the Dutch captain, made a 
hard shot on a free kick that was knocked down 
by Preud’homme diving to his left in the 12th 
minute. Midfielder Frank Rijkaard released a 
running drive from the right side that was headed 
for the left post until Preud'bomme dived and 
deflected the shot with his right hand. 

At halftime, the Netherlands' coach. Dick Ad- 
vocaaL, added a midfielder to allow the gifted 
forward Dennis Bergkamp to concentrate more 
on the offensive end. “We put more pressure on." 
Advocaat said “Bergkamp played an awesome 
game, only he didn’t nave the luck. Normally he 
scores one.” 

The Belgians, who produced 17 shots to 21 for 
the Netherlands, look advantage of an opportu- 
nity that did not appear dangerous at first. Al- 


bert’s left-footed goal, following a corner kick by 
Marc Degryse, skimmed the grass and slipped 
between Dutch midfielder Jan Wouters and the 
right post. 

Wouters was helping defend on tbe side away 
from the developing play. But when Wouters 
failed to pin himself against the post, he created a 
small but decisive opening that Dutch goalkeep- 
er Ed De Goq was not able to close. 

For Albert. 26, a defender who was the Belgian 
player of tbe year two years ago, the goal offered 
some personal redemption in a difficult year. 

Albert did not play in Belgium’s victory over 
Morocco because of a red card be received in the 
team's final World Cup qualifying match last 
Nov. 1 7. Then he tore knee ligaments in a club 
match March 6. Two days later, Albert, his wife 
and daughter were involved in a serious automo- 
bile accident 

In the antiseptic atmosphere of a multilingual 
interview area, Albert was asked about the sig- 
nificance of a goal after the troubles he had 
faced. “It’s good for me," he said through his 
interpreter. "That means 1 won against fatality.** 


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Page 18 


INTERN VTIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUNE 27, 1994 


Can 007 Survive 



y Correct ’90s? 


N ew york 

even into the '70s, Jack Kennedy 
was a poetical icon. The world of rock 
music was dominated by Bob Dylan 
and the Rolling Stones. And the mov- 
ies had James Bond. 

Bond, the cool sexy spy created in 
the 1950s by the novelist lan Fleming, 
would be nearly 80 years old today. 
But that little detail isn't stopping 
Hollywood from making its own ver- 
sion "of Woodstock H. After a five- 
year absence from the screen — and 
more than 30 years after he started 
jumping out of planes, skiing off cliffs 
and making love to countless women 
— Bond is beaded for a comeback. 

Perhaps no recent Hollywood event 
has been hyped as much as the return 
of Agent 007, a character who has 
charmed at least two generations of 
moviegoers with his daring exploits, 
his quirky sense of honor and his com- 
bination of elegance, wit and menace. 

Boys grew up wanting to be Bond- 
like; girls had to settle for the next 
best thin g — meeting a man who 
wouldn’t flinch when a tarantula 
crawled up his chest (“Dr. No") or 
could smile rakishly, as Bond did in 
“Moonraker,” when he was being 
pushed out of a jet at 30,000 feet 
(without a parachute, of course). 

In April, Timothy Dalton, who had 
starred in the last two Bond movies 
(“The Living Daylights” and “License 
to Kill”) opted to resign his commis- 
sion. Three weeks ago. Pierce Brosnan. 
best known for his starring role in the 
television series “Remington Steele” 
and his recent appearance as Sally 
Field's boyfriend in “Mrs. Doublfire.” 
was selected to replace him. 

“Goldeneye,” the latest Bond movie, 
will begin filming in the fall for release 
next year. The picture, about the period 
after' the collapse of the Soviet empire, 
will feature the usual array of gadgetry 
and half -dressed women. 

But is it possible that Bond, James 
Bond, is just a bit passe? In these 
earnestly correct times, will a cultural 
touchstone whose metier was wine, 
women and a license to kill still cap- 
ture the imagination? Can the man 
who smoked 70 filter less cigarettes a 
day, drank his vodka martinis shaken 
(not stirred) and slept with just about 
every woman to come his way make it 
in the abstemious '90s? 

After the Batmobile and “The 
Terminator,” will audiences be 


By Suzanna Andrews 

New York Tima Server 

In the 1960s and pressed with Bond's laser-equipped As- 
ton Martin or his rocket-launching 
Montblanc pen? And with a wide array 
of Bond spawn (spymasiers and former 
secret agents; on film, there are those 
who wonder if audiences need another 
one, even if it’s the original. 

Arnold Schwarzenegger will play a 
spy in “True Lies.” which opens next 
month. Michael Caine plans to reprise 
his role as Harry Palmer, the Len 
Deighton spy in “The Ipcress File.” 
Harrison Ford will take another turn 
at Jack Ryan. Tom Clancy’s former 
CIA agent, in “Clear and Present 
Danger.” due in August. 

United Artists has snapped up the 
rights to the Quiller boob about a 
British secret agent. .And Miramax re- 
cently announced plans for a series of 
films based on the British character 
Modesty Blaise, frequently described 
as the female James Bond. 

The studio behind “Goldeneye" be- 
lieves that audiences need another 
Bond and that they want the real thing. 

“We do not think that Bond is out- 
dated," says Jerry Rich, executive vice 
president for worldwide marketing at 
MGM/LlA. which has released most 
of the Bond films. “We would be re- 
miss if we didn’t revitalize one of the 
greatest franchises in movie history." 

Michael G. Wilson, the producer of 
the Bond movies and the stepson of 
Albert (Cubby) Broccoli, the man who 
first brought Bond to the screen, be- 
lieves that Bond will not only survive 
but thrive in the '90s. 

While acknowledging that Agent 007 
is not what some people would call a 
perfect ‘90s hero — “If women are 
looking for a guy who is good at chang- 
ing diapers and' ironing his own shirts, 
they won’t find him in Bond” — he 
think s that the end of the Cold War 
presents Bond with grist for new and 
suspenseful plots. In “Goldeneye." he 
says, “the governments will have been 
superseded by the warlords." 

There may be many Bond-style mov- 
ies out there, but in Wilson's view none 
match 007. “James Bond is still from 
the English public school system." he 
explains. “He is a gentleman, a rough 
one, but well spoken and educated. 
And all that makes him different from 
the blue-collar American types in the 
f ilms today. Bond is European." 

“Goldeneye.” which will be the 
18th Bond film, is named for Flem- 
ing’s house in Jamaica and is a code 



Pierce Bro«nan. who takes over the James Bond role in 


Tile .Uvcuih! P” 

"Goldeneve. 


. 1994 




LANGUAGE 


— 






W 


un- 


name for u World War II operation 
led by Fleming while he served in Her 
Majesty’s Nava] Intelligence Service. 

The movie will be filmed in such 
Bondian haunts as St Petersburg, the 
Caribbean and the south of France. 
The director is Martin Campbell, 
whose credits include the thriller “No 
Escape." and the co-writer is Michael 
France, who wrote the screenplay for 
the Sylvester Stallone movie “Cliff- 
hanger." 

The stakes are high- Since 1962. the 
Bond films produced by the Broccotis 
and MGM have brought in more than 
S2 billion at the box office, according 
to MGM. A 17th Bond movie. “Never 
Say Never Again.” starring Connery, 
was released by Warner Brothers m 
19S3. despite efforts by MGM and the 
Broccolis to stop its distribution. 


At the press conference announcing 
his selection. Brosnan. bearded, rakish 
and looking as if he were dying for a 
cigarette, appeared exquisitely Bon- 
dian. (After an initial flurry of publici- 
ty appearances. Brosnan flew off to a 
remote part of New’ Guinea to make a 
television movie: a spokesman said he 
was not available to be interviewed for 
this article.) 

He told “Good Morning America" 
that the first movie he saw upon leaving 
Ireland as a boy was “Goldfmger” and 
that be was impressed by “this golden 
lady laid out in the bed naked." 

It was very rakish. Very Bond. It 
would seem (hat Wilson. Broccoli and 
his daughter Barbara Broccoli, who is 
also a producer, may have selected a 
perfect Bond, although perhaps too 
late in the game. 


By William Saf ire 

ASHINGTON —For writers, the possibili- 
r r ty of error — linguistic or factual — » 
infinite. We cannot be paralyzed by this. Cnecfc 
recheck and then go ahead and take a chance; ii 
you .wart for absolute certainty* you will never 

commit a word to paper. . . . . T 

This profundity grips me after a polemic I 
wrote in another space criticizing the critics of a 
theme park planned by Walt Disney Co. in 
Manassas, Vnginia. Standing firm for artistic 
expression, even by Mickey Mouse, I had taken a 
pop at several columnists opposed to honky-tonk 
intrusion into the neighborhood of the battles of 
Bull Run. One of those popped was Jonathan 
Yardley of The Washington Post, a defender of 
the area’s serenity who, I asserted, had written 
"foaming!/’ on the subject v - . . 

In choosing that unfamiliar but readii yund er- 
standable word to describe cxcessive -yittipera^ 
Cion, I intended to call up an exaggerated mental 
picture erf a maddened animal “foaming at uw 
mouth.” I rejected foamify, wtrich looks too much 
like “ family " and sounds like a dialect rendition 
of formerly, as weB as frothily, from the exprea-.- 

sioa, less common in America, of “frothing at the , 

mouth." ■■ 

Yardley, a veteran .book .critic unaccustomed, 
to incoming fire, responded with an ah-hah ! 
col umn centered on bis discovery of a word error 
by a professed word maven. 

“Foammgfy? Hunt as I may, hunt as I might," 
he modified dangjingly, “it is a word nowhere to. 

be found. Not in the American Heritage Dictio- 

nary of the American Language, Third Edition, 
that [sic] is kept handy to my reading chair, not 
even in the Webster's Third New International 
Dictionary of the English Language, Un- 
abridged, that [sic, «g? in — try “which” when 
introducing a nonrestrictive danse] sits on a 
stand beside my desk. Foamify, yes, but foam - 
ingfy, no.” 

Well, then — is there such a word as foam - 
ingfy? To put the question more accurately, has 
that adverb ever beat cited in a reputable lexicon 
as having been used before? 

Yes. Three citations can be found in the Ox- 
ford En glish Dictionary, the most famous being 
the passage from the poet Robert Southey's 1801 
narrative poem. “Thalaba the Destroyer,” an 
epic about an Arabian hero fighting the forces of 
evil: “Hie winter torrent rolls / Down the deep- 
channeU’d rain-coarse, foanvmgty." The revised 
Random House Second Unabridged cites that 
adverb as well 

The point here is that nobody can be absolute- 
ly, 100 percent sure when correcting another 
person’s choice of words. Yardley checked two 
reliable sources, enough for an investigative re- 
porter; isn’t that enough for a critic? 

No, h*s not. Even had he tried the current 
CD-ROM of the Oxford English Dictionary,, 
the most thorough language source in the 


world,- and" even if that’data.b 
any citation (though, as we na 
least three), tfiat ^woutd noC 

- some " 'specialized: -dictionary- 

(Chemical. Foamifig • 

; whawv^ tmght faro - 

v - What to do? You can’t ^ 

. you’re i 





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O.EX>- for <^gfw^/t^^dverb ^ 

TrflQft .my.fftHow cultural jcpmmsnl 

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. New York -- •• 




CLASSIFIED 

Appears M 


WEATHER 


CROSSWORD 


Europe 


Forecast lor Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 



Today 


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North America 

Very hoi Tuesday to Thu/s- 
day from Houston and Dallas 
to PhoeniA and Southern 
California away from the 
waler All-lime record hiph 
lemperalures are possible in 
some locanons. Showers 
and Ihunderslorms in Me w 
YorK C*y Tuesday and again 
Thursday 


Europe 

A heat wave will spread 
a^ioss furore from 0>“i 
man; and Seandmavi.i 
£.out!iea<4w.=iid 10 ine Balkar. 
Peninsula Tuesday Hrqtvs o' 
30 degiee*. Ceifus and 
nbo.e v.iti abound rani'*! 
west, soanwed snowere aivf 
ihun'deisiomis will break uu'. 
Ihese will cool north-central 
Europe al midwee> 


Asia 

Stilling l••J , /ill spread 
ac'tr.s China '-:n ‘Irrc 
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n.nriii i ".fun 3 horea nnd 
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Jacan. including Tokvc will 
have showeis Singat.oie 
and Bangkok will have sun 
and 'Hidden ihvndetsicnr.s 


Middle East 


Latin America 


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15 Relieve 

16 OneofFrar.li g 

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21 Red Square 
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hips areas 

31 " Irish 

Rose' 

32 Paper 
purchases 

33 Once existed 

36 Guirartsr 
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37 SeeSu Dowr. 

w — fide 

39 Farm enclosure 


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□ 

a 

□ 

a 

0 


40 Crude 
characters 

41 Gershwin hero 
4a Jai alai ball 

44 ’Ode to — 
Joe" 

45 Votes 

47 Hamiei. ai limes 
4« Shrine to 
remember 

49 Spotted 

50 Rauruongoers 
si Nature 

personified 
58 First lady 
S3 "Middlemarch" 
author 

60 Inventor Howe 
81 Matched 
grouping 
62 Tears 
83 Show shock, 
eg. 


7- Well That 

Ends Well’ 

8 Hebron grp 

9 Big, friendly 
dog. for shod 


43 Slippery r * — . 
44 RabbiTs title- ; 
45 Hardens, as/ 


47 Borscht 
^ ]aigrediems_ ^ 



10 Huxley ‘6* 

in Gaza" 

11 Teen film hit of 
1992 


- .1^.- 

~c. r-;.; 

, .. firown 

49 BuHet-bOdied ;V r ' - -m Nanxnii 1 fillet;:, 

- • y ?* ,v ;,>.v 

40 Breathing . 53 MaOeabte metaf . - 



DOWN 




□Hama 


auLiau 


1 Slore-boughi 
hair 

2 Musician Yoko 

3 Actor Kilmer 

4 Football 
lineman 

5 Tries to rile 
8 John Fowles 

novel, with 
"The" 


12 To have. 10 
H&olse 

13 Curses 

is Require 

22 -Xanadu ’ 
musical grp. 

23 Signifies 

24 Piuro s path 

25 Perry's paper 

26 Functions 

27 Bubble masses 

28 Columnist 
Bombeck 

30 With 37 -Across, 
the ground 

32 Wild times 


34 1973 Rolling 
Stones hit 


39 Word with nay 
or sooth 


37 Bit of poetry 

38 Manila machete 
40 Early feminist 


41 Avant-gardist 



PU*U« toy Wayiw Hobart WHnu 

e New York Times Edited by WiU S/iortt 






AKSET Access Numbers 
How to call around the world 
1 L’sing the chan below, And the counnv you are calling from. 

2. Tflal the corresippnding ABET Access Number. 




5 .Xn xua" EngILsh-spealdng Operator or voice prompt wOJ ask for the phone number vou wish to call or confleavoe '■* 
I'ustomcr senlce mpresentative. - * 


Ti^ivel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


To receive yewr free wtaflef card of ABETS Access Numbers, just dial the access numberof 
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convenient Access Numbers on your right. 


COUNTRY 

ACCESS NUMBER 

COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 


ASIA 

Italy* 

172-1011 

Australia 

1-800-881-011 

Uecbtensteln* 

15940-11 

China. PRC*** 

10811 

Lithuania* 

8*196 

Guam 

018-872 

Luxembourg 

08000111 

Hong Kong 

800-1111 

Macedonia, F.Y.R. of 994004288 

India* 

000-117 

Main* 

0800-890-110 

Indonesia* 

001-801-10 

Monaco* 

19*4011 

Japan* 

OOVMll 

Netherlands* 

06-022-9111 

Korea 

009-11 

Norway 

800-190-11 

Korea** 

11* 

Poland**** 

0*0104804111 

Malaysia* 

800-0011 

Portugal* 

05017-1-288 

New Zealand 

000-911 

Romania 

01-800-4288 

Philippines* 

105-11 

Rossfcr**(Ma9cow) 

155-5042 

Saipan* 

235-2872 

Slovakia 

0042040101 

Singapore 

800-0111-111 

Spain* 

900-99-00-11 

Sri Lanka 

4jlO-t30 

Sweden* 

020-799411 

Taiwan* 

0080-10288-0 

Switzerland* 

15540-U 

Thailand* 

OOW-991-1 111 

UJC 

0500494011 

EUROPE 

Ukraine* 

8*100-11 

Armenia** 

8*14111 

MIDDLE EAST 

Austria**** 

022-905-011 

Bahrain 

800001 

Belgium* 

0800-100-10 

Cyprus* 

LS0-W010 

Bulgaria 

00-1800-0010 

Israel 

177-100-2727 

Croatia** 

99-38-0011 

Kuwait 

800-288 

Czech Rep 

0042040101 

Lebanon (Bebnt) 

426401 

Denmark* 

8001-0010 

Qaiar 

0800411-77 

Finland* 

9800-100-10 

Saudi Arabia 

1-800-10 

France 

19*4011 

Turkey* 

00400-12277 

Germany 

01304010 

UAE* 

800-121 


COUNTRY 




Brazil 


ACCESS NUMBER^ £ 

w;4aMoii&&U 


Chile 




Cohnnhia 


Coso RJca’B 


98O-U-00tdr 


Ecuador* 




HSalvadark 




Guatemala* • 

. •- ‘_\^&S190 

Guyana*** 

.. 

Honduras** 

; W- 

Mexico*** 

95400S62-4240 

Nicaragua (Managua) ^? 174 

Panama* 


Peru* 

V A .-iVs-'J -191- 

Suriname 

156 

Uruguay 

.c;C- if: OOJMH) 

Venezuela** 

- D! ’.*'80411-120 

cahibbkaK- 

Bahamas 

, - 71400472-2881 

Bermuda*"’ 

"1400-872-2881-r 

British VJ. . 

i - ^1400472-288]. 

Cayman Islands 

V: i-fiOO-872-2883: 


-AiTta 


8RU5SE 

lsv-,,-1 

S^oni 


m 


* 


Grenada* 


1-800-872-2881;, 


Haiti* 


001-800-972-2885-' 


JamaJcr* 


O^X>-872-2881 


NctitAndl 


001-800-872F2881 


ScKto/Nevis 


lW87^288i 


AFRICA 


00-800-1311 


Hongary* 


00a-800-0I111 


AMERICAS 


Iceland** 


999-003 


Ireland 


Argendnj* 

Belize* 


001-800-200-1111 


Egypr (Cairo) 

5104200 

Gabon.' ..’ 

00*401 

fTomfiln* 

Koam 


1 -800-550-000 Bolim* 


55? Liberia 




^ 1994 .W 




AT&T 


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0-300- 1 1 12 Sooth Africa 


.797-797 =-* 




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