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Paris, Monday, March 14, 1994 

No. 34,535 

g Christopher 
5 Offers China 
i f Simplified 

Trade Rule 

Goal b to Avoid Fight 
By Making Less Specific 
Demands (her Rights 

By Dan Williams 

Washington Post Service 

BEIJTNG Trying to avert a bitter break 
with the world s fastest-growing economy Sec- 
rttary of State Warren M Christopher has 
' offered China routine extension of trade privi- 
leges with the United States to end the yeariv 
struggle over the issue, U.S. officials said Sun- 

On the second day of his rocky three-day 
vist to China, Mr. Christopher indicated that 
this could be the last year for detailed American 
demands on human rights. President Bill din- 
ton has threatened to end C hina ** most-fa- 
^vored-nation trading status, known as MFN, 

. --unless Mr. Christopher certifies rights progress 
by early June. 

He hinted at a new approach during a meet- 
ing Sunday wiih the American Chamber of 

American business executives in China tefl 
Christopher US. poBcy is harmful Page 14. 

'• V! 



^ — 

: c 3 

Commerce in Beijing. saying that if the Chinese 
are forthcoming at all, “I would look forward to 
a situation in which MFN is con tinned, but 
continued on a basis whoe its renewal can be 
more routine than if s been over a period of the 
last four years. 

“Depending on the nature of the progress 
made, we are prepared to work out techniques 
that will achieve that result,” he added. “If 
there is progress, I think we can all look for- 
ward to the time when human rights and MFN 
is put away from the center of the relationship.” 

Later, at a news conference, Mr. Christopher 
said that future conditions on the trading status 
could be set in general rather than specific 
terms. Mr. Clinton’s demand* made m an 
executive order, specified the need for overall 
significant progress in areas that included re- 
lease of political prisoners, international in- 
spection of prisons and protection of the reli- 
gious and cultural heritage in Tibet. 

“One can envision the possibility of an exec- 
utive order that is not as detailed as this one. 
and perhaps human rights could be a generic 
condition rather than one that’s filled with.., 
specific conditions,” Mr. Christopher said. 

Movement by China, on human rights in 
return for an end to the trade threat can “move 
the relationship to a new and more significant 
level" Mr. Christopher concluded. 

The compromise on the trading status would 

See CHINA, Page 6 

_ _ Chns Hdfren, Retncn 

CEMETERY REOPENS — A family walking through Sarajevo’s Bare cemetery Sunday after it reopened, guarded by UN troops, for the first time in almost two years. Page 6. 

Israel Cracks Down on 2 Jewish Extremist Groups 

By David Hoffman 

Washington Post Service 

JERUSALEM — Israel on Sunday branded 
two Jewish extremist groups as “terrorist” and 
vowed to use military and police powers to 
arrest their members and shut down their oper- 
ations in the aftermath erf 1 the Hebron massacre. 

The groups, Karib and Kahane lives, were 
founded by the late militant rabbi Meir Ka- 
hane, and disciples who advocate the expulsion 
of Arabs from the Israeli-occupied West Bank 
and who have sanctioned the use of violence by 
Jews. Mr. Kahane was assassinated in New 
York in 1990. 

Baruch Goldstein, the Jewish settler who 
.gunned down 29 Muslims as they prayed in a 
Hebron mosque Feb. 25, was .a follower of Mr. 
Kahane and had been elected on the Kadi slate 

to the council of his West Bank settlement, 
Kiiyat Arba. 

The Israeli cabinet, in a unanimous decision, 
approved the designation of Kach and Kahane 
Lives as terrorist groups under a 1 948 law that 
was used against Jewish extremists in the early 
years of Israel's history, but since 1960 has been 
directed entirely at Palestinians. It has been 
used against the Palestine liberation Organiza- 
tion, which signed a peace agreement with Isra- 
el last year, and Hamas, the Islamic Resistance 

Under the law, members, supporters and 
financial backers of such an organization can 
be prosecuted and subjected to imprisonment. 
In addition, the government can confiscate the 
property of the group, seize bank accounts and 
order the dosvre cf offices. - - ■ . 

Attorney General Michael Ben-Yair said the 

decision was based on his finding that “dear, 
conspicuous, and continuing patterns of vio- 
lence, or threats of violence, have been identi- 
fied within the activities of these organizations 
and that they are liable to cause death or injury 
to individuals.” The Israeli radio reported that 
several members were being investigated in 
connection with unsolved murders of Arabs. 

In the past, Israeli offidals have said the two 
organizations had only several hundred follow- 
ers in Israel and only several dozen hard-core 
activists. Two weeks ago, the Israeli cabinet 
authorized the use of detention without trial for 
five Kach leaders, four of whom are in custody, 
and ordered restrictions on the movement and 
weapons of IS other activists. 

“We are appalled by the fascist decision of 
thegroniDect, which in typical fcruuditaran 
regimes of long past,” Elad Epstein, a Kach 

spokesman, told the radio. He said Kach would 
appeal the decision. 

But the leader of Kach, Baruch Marael, who 
has gone into hiding, told Army Radio earlier 
that his group would change its name and 
continue to operate underground. The govern- 
ment authorized a warrant for Mr. Marzel’s 
detention, but police and soldiers have been 
unable to locate him. He continues to call radio 
stations from a cellular phone. 

The government decision was applauded by 
Palestinians. “1 believe it was a necessary deri- 
sion.” said Faisal Husseinl a prominent West 
Bank leader. “The most important thing is not 
the derision, but the implementation.” 

The derision comes as Prime Minister Yitz- 
hak Rabin tries to persuade the PLO to return 

See ISRAEL, Page 6 

South African Homeland Fiasco Splits Anti- Vote Allies 



; . i’ \ 1 " • 

A Harder Line 
Works for U.S, 
On Japan Pact 

By Paul Blustein and Peter Behr 

Washington Past Service 

TOKYO — The American victory over 
the weekend in breaking open Japan's mo- 
bile-telephone market for Motorola Inc. 
shows that U.S. threats can be effective in 
trade disputes with Tokyo with relatively 
tittle risk to political relations between the 

President Bill Clinton said in his weekly 
radio address that the accord danonstrat- 
ed “the United Stales and Japan can work 
together to open up jobs in America by 
opening up markets.” 

The United States has accused Japan of 
violating a 1989 trade agreement that 
called for Motorola to be given “compara- 
ble" access by the Japanese company Nip- 
pon Idou Tsushin Corp. to foe cellular 
market in the heavily populated TokytHo- 
Nagoya corridor. But Nippon Idou, a Jap- 
anese cellular- telephone company, has not 
invested much in base stations for the 
Motorola technology. Instead, it expand- 
ed a cellular system usmg technology oe- 

See JAPAN, Page 14 

By Bill Keller 

New York Times Service 

JOHANNESBURG — It is a quirky little 
state previously known as a mecca for gam- 
bling, pop shows and topless reviews. Even in 
South Africa people straggle to pronounce its 
name. By the end of April it will cease to exist. 

But Bophuthatswana last week proved an 
important turning point on the way to democ- 
racy. At the cost of an estimated 40 lives and 
uncounted wreckage, the showdown produced 
at least three critical gains for those enginewing 
South Africa's Gist nonraoal elections. 

The first is a climactic split of the white 
resistance. With the faction favoring violence 
badly discredited by its blundering intervention 
in the homeland, rightist leaders who prefer 
political combat to the real thing have gained 
the upper hand. 

The second is the demonstration by Presi- 
dent Frederik W. de Klerk and Nelson Man- 
dela, who despite their campaign rivalry are de 


facto partners in running the country, of their 
resolve to come down hard on anyone who 
threatens the elections. 

Mr. de Klerk, who has long insisted on the 

Pretoria Takes Over 

The South African government took 
control of Bophuthatswana on Sunday to 
ensure its participation in the national 
elections next month. (Page 6) 

“sovereignty” of the black homelands created 
by apartheid, agreed to depose Bophuthats- 
wana’s leader. President Lucas Mangope, for 
obstructing free political activity. 

For his part, Mr. Mandela, the African Na- 
tional Congress leader, has helped confer new 
legitimacy on the South African Army. By 
ur ging the army be sent to take control in the 
riotous homeland, the likely next president has 
blessed this onetime agent of apartheid as an 
instrument of democracy. 

The third result is die isolation of the last 
major holdout against the elections. Chief 
Mangosuthu Bufodea, leader of the Zulu 
homeland, KwaZulu, and of the Inkatha Free- 
dom Party. Tbe upheaval in Bophuthatswana 
stripped him of his last serious allies. 

But there was an ominous lesson, too, in the 
battle of Bophuthatswana. It is that racial pas- 

sions lie closer to the surface than many South 
Africans like to believe. 

Residents of Bophuthatswana, who pride 
themselves on a record of racial harmony, said 
they were alarmed by how quickly the commu- 
nity polarized when white vigilantes arrived on 
the scene. 

“We were very afraid that this was going to 
turn into a race war," said Thomas Ince, 37, a 
stock manager for an electrical company in 
Mmabatbo, the homeland capital 

Mr. Ince. who is of mixed race, said most of 

See HOMELAND, Page 6 

Kohl’s Party 
Suffers Sharp 
Setback in 
State Election 

Social Democrats Gain 
In Lower Saxony as Key 
Political Year Begins 

By Craig R. Whitney 

New York Times Service 

BONN — Voters in Lower Saxony, Germa- 
ny's second-largest state, handed Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl’s Christian Democratic Parly a 
sharp setback Sunday in the first of 18 electoral 
contests around the country this year that will 
c ulmina te with a national election Oct. 16. 

The chancellor, who said a few days ago that 
he thought the national mood was swinging 
back toward his party after months of trailing 
in public opinion polls, had campaigned heavi- 
ly across the northern state. 

But after about three-quarters of the 3.9 
million eligible voters braved a drenching rain 
and windstorm to go to the polls, Mr. Kohl's 
party ended up with only about 37 percent of 
the vote for the state legislature, down from 42 
percent in 1990 and their worst showing in that 
industrial area in 33 years. 

The Christian Democrats lost power in the 
state in 1990 after 12 years in office to a 
coalition between Premier Gerhard Schroder’s 
Soda! Democrats and the Green Party. The 
Greens, an environmentalist and human rights 
group that pressed unsuccessfully for an end to 
nudear power projects and defense industries 
in tbe state, won close to 7 percent of Sunday's 
vote, gaining several more seats than they had 
held before. 

Computer projections gave Mr. Schroder 
more than 44 percent of Ihe vote, enough for 
the Social Democrats to try to govern the state 
by themselves with a majority of one or two 

The Free Democrats, who form a coalition 
with Mr. Kohl's party in Bonn, also lost votes in 
Lower Saxony — from 6 percent four years ago. 
they fell this time below foe S percent needed to 
qualify for any seals in the state legislature. 
Their party has been groping for a new image 
after the resignation of their longtime chair- 
man. former Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich 
Genscher, in 1991. 

All in all even though it was only a state 
election, and only the first of many this year at 
that, it was a bad day for Mr.. Kohl^and his 
coalition, who now have to fight uphiZ -gaics: 
the resurgent Social Democrats all the way to 
October. The coalition has held power in Bonn 
since 1982. 

About the only result that all the other par- 
ties could agree on as good news was that the 
extreme rightist Republican Party had also 
failed to win enough votes to get into the Lower 
Saxony parliament in Hannover. Computer 
projections gave them only between 3.8 and 3.9 
percent of the vote. 

Mr. Schroder, a 49-year-old lawyer, lost out 
last summer in a bid to become the Social 
Democratic Party’s candidate to try to oast Mr. 
Kohl in the October national elections. That 
slot went to Rudolf Schaiping, the premier of 
the state of Rhindand-Pblatinate, who also 
campaigned heavily in Lower Saxony. 

“I want Rudolf Scharping to be chancellor 
this fall and be can count on my support,” Mr. 

See VOTE, Page 6 

Heathrow Shelled Again, Causing Chaos 

By John Darntoa 

New York Tunes Service 

LONDON — The Irish Republican Army 
closed down London's two main airports for 
two hours Sunday night, delaying thousands of 
passengers and disrupting internationa l air 
traffic through much of Europe and the world. 

Heathrow, one of the world's busiest interna- 
tional airports, dosed both of its runways at 
7:33 P.M. after telephone threats were made 
that bombs had been set to go off in an hoar. 
Earlier Sunday, the airport was hit by another 
mortar attack — the third in five days — in 
which shells landed near and on a terminal but 
did not explode. 

Gatwick, the art's second airport, was also 
dosed because of the bomb threats. Two 

threats were made to Sky News at about 7:10 
and 7:35 PAL, giving known IRA code words 
as proof that they were genuine. 

The first caller said: “There will be bombs in 
one hoar’s time at Heathrow and Gatwick air- 
ports. Gar all runways and terminals of peo- 
ple.” The second said: “Gear all runways.” 

The British security services, stung by criti- 
cism that they had failed to take sufficient 
precautions during the earlier attacks, put a 
hill-alert contingency plan into operation. 

The day's events were a publicity bonanza 
for the IRA, dramatic proof of the organiza- 
tion’s ability to strike repeatedly at a strategic 
target in the heart of Britain and to finally bring 
it to a complete stop. 

‘ On Sunday evening, the government added 

an unspecified number of military personnel 
and military equipment to help police in tbe 
search for more hidden launchers. The equip- 
ment apparently includes metal detectors and 
ther mal imag in g equipment. 

The Metropolitan Police commissioner, Paul 
Condon, emphasized that he was not at this 
point asking the military to step in with mas- 
sive, viable patrols to reassure travelers and tbe 
British public. 

Trying to n-rinimire his department's embar- 
rassment and a publicity coup for tbe Irish 
Republican Army, he said at a news confer- 

“We're not faring andarious terrorists who 

See AIRPORT, Page 6 


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A Damning U.S. Report on Waldheim 

By Thomas W. Uppman 

Washington Past Service 

German Army in World war n f K 
hetm, the former soretaiy-goieral of thfiUnri 
ed Nations and president of Ausumexp^tM 
and probably orSered a long ^senes <***£££ 

ana war crimes, aca»uui 6 ^ 
partmenl’s long-withheld report on his 

C °The report says, for 
was responsible for tbe deaths 

Jews Sided on barges that tbe Germans scut 

tied in the Mediterranean. 

newaaiw— ■ - --- — 

Andorra 9.00 FF 

•1.400CFA S on ....n^0FF 

trance .9.00 FF Senegal -^5.45 

Gabon 960 CFA Spain 

Greece -300 Dr. Tunisia --Viq 000 

Ivory Coast .1.120 CFA Turkey 






The 1987 report was the basis for the derision 
fry Edwin Meese 3d, then the US attorney 
general, to bar Mr. Waldheim from the United 
States. It was released late last week. 

The report says Mr. Waldheim was a key 
member of German units responsible for killing 
civilians, executing prisoners, shipping prison- 
ers to slave labor camps and identifying Jews 
for deportation. 

Nothing in tbe file demonstrates that Mr. 
Waldheim personally killed, tortured or deport- 
ed anyone. Instead, the evidence indicates that 
he provided tbe intelligence information and 
logistical support that enabled others to do so, 
may have ordered some prisoners shot and 
carried out his assignments so effidentiy that 
he gar nered praise, trust and promotions from 
his Nazi superiors. 

The portrait of Mr. Waldheim that emerges 
from the report is that of a canny and amoral 
[fiprrirmnry who went out of his way to sacrifice 
innocent victims on the altar of his ambi tion . 

Mr. Waldheim was UN secretary-general 
from 1972 to 1982 and president of Austria 
from 1986 to 1992. He always has denied that 
he took part in or even knew about war crimes 
or atrocities during the time he served in Ger- 

Z ity, fc 

♦ where 

man-occupied Yugoslavia and Greece. Until 
the mid-1980s, when reports of his wartime 
activities surfaced, he claimed that be had spent 
most of that time in Vienna. 

Recalling that Mr. Waldheim long hid the 
fact that he had served in the Balkans after 
being wounded in the Soviet Union early in tbe 
war, the Justice Department report asserts that 
after his injury "Mr. Waldheim occupied posi- 
tions of incr easing responsibility ana sensitiv- 
ity, for which be was decoratal in regions 
_jc notoriously brutal actions were under- 
taken by the Nazi forces in which he served.” 

The report adds that Mr. Waldheim “did not 
disclose his service in the Balkans because he 
knew precisely what occurred in that campaign 
and the revelations could prove to be most 

damaging ." 

Mr. Waldheim’s war record has been known 
in general terms for years. Die Justice Depart- 
ment dosser supplies details and sources. For 
each incident described, Mr. Waldheim’s place 
in the chain of command is reconstructed from 
the accounts of witnesses and from German 
and Croatian military records. 

The 204-page report also examines Mr. 

See WALDHEIM, Page 6 


Oil Tankers Collide 
In Istanbul Waterway 

ISTANBUL (Reuters) —Two oil tank- 
ers collided inside Istanbul's Bosporus 
Strait on Sunday, setting off at least five 
explosions and a huge fire, officials and 
witnesses said. 

Witnesses said flames were shooting up 
from the site of the accident, near the 
Black Sea entrance to the waterway. There 
was no word on casualties or on the identi- 
ty of tbe tankers. 

The Top Tables 

Add Spain to the Patricia Wells search for 
tbe world’s best restaurants. Page 8. 

Looking for Work 
In Europe 


With job prospects dim for young Europe- 
ans, a generation is growing up without 
respect for tbe rules of society. (Page 9) 

G*ir» Penmf Afner Frar-hoie 

AT THE ALTAR —The Reverend Susan Shipp celebrating Communion in Bristol 
on Sunday as women conducted their first services in the Gmrch of F.nghm/1 2. 

■ II. 

Page 2 


This Particle Sleuth Just Might Turn Up a Nobel Prize 

By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 

GENEVA — Using the world’s most 
massive scientific instrument, Daniel 
Froidevaux plans to stalk the top quark, 
spartictes (the universe may be largely 
made of them), the Higgs boson and 
other members of the strange bestiary of 
particles that abounded when the uni- 
verse was a blink (rid. 

Mr. Froidevaux, 39, is a key member of 
the team building the massive Atlas par- 
ticle detector at the European Laborato- 
ry for Particle Physics in Geneva. When 

Up and 

Comingyy^'ZL X 

An occasional series v 
about the leaders of tomorrow. 

completed, eight to 10 years from now, it 
will be used to probe the universe that 
existed a few bOHonths of a second after 
what most scientists believe was the cre- 
ative Big Bang. 

Searching for dements made in a parti- 
cle collider and observing how they be- 
have may help answer some of the deep- 
est questions known to philosophy and 
science: Why does the universe consist of 
something rather than nothing? What 
makes parades, atoms and molecules 

have been detected, bat a hypothetical 

top quark sdU is needed to nil another 
gap in the Standard ModeL 

By using enough electricity to power a 
small city, sdentists will accelerate pro- 
tons almost to the speed of light and 
smash them together in the hope of creat- 
ing in a microcosm the enormous energy 
“Sometimes you give 10 years of your hie 
to a project, and nothing new is found,” 
he says. “You do some nice physics, but 
you don’t find that little spark that really 
motivates people.” 

The Higgs boson — a boson is a parti- 
cle that conveys a force — is a key miss- 
ing link in the Standard Model, by which 
physicists attempt to describe all sub- 
atomic particles and die interactions 
among them. “It is necessary for the 
mathematical consistency of the Stan- 
dard Model and, in that sense, it is a 
pretty firm prediction,” says die man 
who first postulated its existence, Peter 
Higgs, a British theoretician. 

The Higgs boson is thought to account 
for a hypothetical field or force that gives 
p articles their mass: a kind of cosmic glue 
that holds everything together. “If the 
Higgs boson is found in the year 2005. 
one can surely imagine that people in 
2050 will look back and see it as one of 
the milestones in the advance of knowl- 
edge,” Mr. Froidevaux says. 

The decision by the United States last 

ding together and create the objects of year to abandon its $1 1 billion Supercon- 

the familiar world? How do objects at- ducting Super Collider in Texas makes it 
tract other objects at a distance — nuclei, highly likely that the Higgs boson, if it 
electrons; stars, planets? exists, will be detected tot at CERN's 

The Swiss-born Mr. Froidevaux is a campus-like site cm the Swiss-French 
senior experimental physicist at the 19- frontier. 

nation laboratory which is known by its To probe doser to the beginnings of 
French initials, CERN. He can expect to space and time, the European laboratory 


spend the rest of his career on preparing is planning to I 
the detector and then carrying out the known as the Ls 
experiments that will prove or disprove which the Atlas 
many of the exotic concepts floating the key dement 
around in contemporary theoretical Protons are 1 

around in contemporary theoretical Protons are heavy particles, p 
physics. with components known as quark 

Success could earn him and his col- exist with neutrons at the heart of 
leagues a place in the history of science, atom. Five varieties or “flavors” of 

is planning to build a proton smasher 
known as the Large Hadron CoDider, of 
which the Atlas detector will be one of 
the key dements. 

Protons are heavy particles, packed 
with components known as quarks, that 

Daniel Frotdevanx knows his search 
wifl be long — and maybe fnntiess. 

perhaps a Nobel Prize. Detecting the 
Higgs boson, for example, “would be one 
of the most important breakthroughs in 
the history of physics." according to the 
magazine Scientific American. 

But experimental science is a step into 
the unknown, and Mr. Froidevaux is 
aware that the search may prove fruitless. 

that existed a few billionths of a second 
after the Big Bang. 

Mr. Froidevaux compared the act of 
smashing protons to hurling watches to- 
gether and studying the debris to figure 
out how they work. The 6,000-ton, six- 
story-high Atlas detector will observe the 
ghostly echoes of the collisions as some 
40 milli on protons fly apart each second, 
scattering quarks and other dements. 
These may include mysterious supersym- 
metric particles, or sp articles, that some 
scientists believe may make up the hid- 
den “dark matter” that forms more than 
90 percent of the universe. 

Each year, Mr. Froidevaux said, there 
will be perhaps one million billion colli- 
sions, of which only a few hundred will 
be potentially interesting enough to re- 
quire further study. As though they were 
sifting specks of gold from a sandy beach, 
computers win select the most significant 
collisions, or “events,” as they occur and 
store the data for analysis. 

With more than 1,000 people working 
on the detector, Mr. Froidevaux views 
the project as a “dinosaur” that keeps 
him late at his desk and involves him m 
endless meetings. 

He escapes by reading science fiction 
novels, winch he brings back by the box 
from the United States whenever he visits 
his brother near Los Angeles. He also 
enjoys going to the theater, sirring and 
listening to muse (he studied (he violin 
for 11 years, but plays it no longer). 

In addition, be usually finds time to 
read the French sports newspaper 1’E- 
quipe, which his companion, Sylvie, also 
a physicist, “thinks is a vice of some 
sort” Mr. Froidevaux is interested par- 
ticularly in skiing but follows most 
sports, possibly because of his education 
in the United States and England in addi- 
tion to France. The son of a Greek moth- 
er and Swiss father, he went to school in 
Oxford and in Berkeley, California, 
where his father was a research student, 

before the family settled near Paris in 

A relaxed and informal man who re- 
sembles a graduate student more than a 
senior scientist, Mr. Froidevaux came to 
his field through the prestigious Ecole 
Polytechnique in Paris and advanced 
studies in nuclear and particle physics. 

Despite the deep philosophical ques- 
tions raised by his work, he has little 
patience for the excessively abstract. He 
decided early in his career to become an 
experimental scientist, a tinkerer on a 
monumental scale. 

Physics thrives on competition be- 
tween theory and experimental observa- 
tion. Experimenters like Mr. Froidevaux 
are always hoping to “find something 
that the theorists have not foreseen.” 

“It would be aloe to catch them off 
guard and give them some work to do,” 
he said, timing from a display of equa- 
tions mi a computer display, which he 
was discussi ng with a colleague from 
Moscow in Russian, one of the seven 
languages be speaks. 

The proton collider will use many ex- 
isting facilities, including a 27-kilometer 
tunnel under the Jura mountains, the site 
of another collider. This will enable the 
Europeans to keep the cost of the new 
instrument to an estimated 23 billion 
Swiss Francs ($1.7 billion), according to 
CERN. In a time of economic recession, 
some ask if it is reasonable to spend such 
a sum on the quest for purely abstract 

Mr. Froidevaux thinks the money is 
weD spent, believing that men can im- 
prove the world by improving their un- 
derstanding of iL 

’There is a deep belief among most 
physicists that ‘usd ess* research is in fact 
very useful, maybe in the very long 
term,” he says. “Maybe there wifi never 
be any practical applications for some of 
what we do here, but it is also true that a 
lot of practical everyday thing s we have 
in life nowadays come originally from 
pure research.” 


Problems Beset U.S. Aid to Russia f 

WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. aid to Russia and other former Soviet , 

states is not reaching those who need ii and major problems plague the ^ ' .JlJ 

manag ement of S3 billion in U3. assistance programs, a congressional a in ill K 

rC Tbe report, prepared by staff members of the Senate Foreign Relations * ir - rtfl 

Committee, contends that too many decisions on aid programs are hong * i/kfl* l/** 

Committee, contends that too many decisions on aid programs are being ■ 
mpdft in Washington with too little attention paid to conditions in the 
countries themselves. 

“There are major problems in the management of the assistance 
program,'' the report says. “It does not appear that the average citizen 
Moscow, Alma-Ata or Bishkek — let alone the vast majority of citizens' 
who live thousands of miles away from these urban areas — is aware of or 
affected by international assistance or the reforms that it is supposed to 

Pinochet Objects to Freeing Leftists 

SANTIAGO (Reuters) — General Angus to Pinochet, Chile's former 
military ruler, said the army was “pained” by a decision to free three 
leftists imprisoned for a 1986 assassination attempt against him. 

Patricio Aylwtn, who on Friday handed over the presidency u> 
Eduardo Frd, a fellow Christian Democrat, decided to release die three 
leftist guerrillas on condition that they go into exile in Belgium. They are 
scheduled to be freed this week. 

After a meeting with new defense minister, Edmundo Perez Yoma, 
General Pinochet said, “The army is hurt, the family is pained, but we are 
soldiers and if the president is responsible and takes a decision, we will 
remain in silence and heed orders.” 


frs' ; ‘ --.I*'- "■ 1 

■ .... ^ - 

■ ■ 

Pakistan Criticizes U.S. Somalia Gear ^ . L ; ". 

Q&A: UN Human Rights Chief 6 Won’t Be Neutral’ 

Josi Ayala Lasso, a 62-year-old diplo- 
mat from Ecuador \ is the first United 
Nations Higfi Commissioner for Human 
Rights. As he took up his post, he spoke in 
Geneva with Robert L Kroon for the 
International Herald Tribune. 

Q. Your colleague, the High Commission- 
er for Refugees, has a staff of thousands and 
a SI billioii-a-year budget Yon have been 
given an anneal budget of $700,000. Doesn't 
that make you a pretty toothless watchdog? 

A- 1 am going back to the General Assem- 
bly in April to get adequate funding and I am 
sure the appropriations will be forthcoming 
from the UN budget. Voluntary contribu- 
tions are welcome as weL This important 
work requires the necessary means. 

Q: Several governments with shaky human 
rights records will consider your probing as 
merirfHng in (heir internal affairs. How do 
you inlaid to solve that problem? 

A Interfering in internal affairs is beyond 
my mandate. In that saise the General As- 

sembly resolution establishing my post was a 
compromise, of coarse. 

My mandate is vague but it is also veiy 
wide. National and regional particularities 
had to be taken into account, or this post 
would have never been created. But in the 
end there was unanimous endorsement, 
which means I can knock cm any govern- 
ment’s door and that's precisely what I in- 
tend to da 

Q. But yon will be forced to take a low-key todowi 


doors tome. That may be China, or Iraq, the Q. Your h uman rights rapporteur in Su- 
U.S. or Switzerland. dan didn't get very far. In fact he was threat- 

If the human rights commission passes a ened by the government in Khartoum and 
resolution, sending moaitors to certain coun- could be in physical danger, 
tries. I will try to persuade governments of A That, of course, is a totally unaccept- 
thrir duty to cooperate. In that sense 1 am able situation. Governments may have prob- 
tbe new executive of the commission. lems in dealing with critical probes but men- 

But it may be better to work at an earlier aring rapporteurs who carry out instructions 
stage, and try to convince governments that from the human rights commission is totally 
human rights are universal and have nothing unacceptable. 

to do with security preoccupations. Pointing Q. So what do yon intend to do with 
fingers may not always be effective. governments that refuse to cooperate with 

MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) — Pakistan accused the United States 
on Sunday of providing the United Nations with old, inferior equipment 
and said it might pull out of Somalia if it does not get more and better 
gear. Foreign Minister Asif Ahmad Ali also said the withdrawal of U3. 
and other Western troops, leaving a mostly Asian and African UN force, 
“smacks of racism.” 

Mr. Ah complained that eight U.S. helicopter gunships being leased to 
the United Nations for use by Pakistani troops are outmoded and that the 
package does not contain any surveillance aircraft, which the United 
States has used for its own troops. “Are Pakistani personnel’s lives 
cheaper than those that came from the West?” he asked at a news 

The minister said his government would consider security questions 
before deriding whether to keep its 5,054 soldiers in Somalia when its 
current UN commitment ends on May 31. 

U.S- Takes a Harder Line on Burma - 

WASHINGTON (NYT) —The (Hinton administration has decided to 
step up pressure on the Burmese military government to open talks with 
Daw Aung San Sun Kyi. the detained democracy campaigner, and to ease 
its repression of the opposition, according to U.S. officials. 

They said that the administration, after an eight-month policy review, 
ruled out sending an ambassador to Rangoon at this time; and that it was 
considering pushing for an international aims embargo against Burma. 

The a dminis tration also plans to intensify efforts to persuade the 
United Nations secretary-general, Butros Butros GhalL to name a special 
envoy who would press the military to start a dialogue with Daw Aung 
San Suu Kyi and end her nearly five-year house arrest, they said. 

TT C[ They said that the acfaunistratioa, after an eight-month policy reviet 

do tv I/Ma/I ruled out sending an ambassador to Rangoon at this time, and that it wi 

considering pushing for an international aims embargo against Burma 
-w~% ~w j The a dminis tration also plans to intensify efforts to persuade tl 

Itifjl C m \T\ United Nations secretary-general, Butros Butros Ghali. to name a sped; 

Aliffflo ^ P envoy who would press the military to start a dialogue with Daw Aua 

. , x San Suu Kyi and end her nearly five-year house arrest, they said. 

A HuSG BlU Tapie Reportedly Quizzed on Killing 

w Aocrn t r m > n ir • J w n: 

fingers may not always be effective. 

Q. Do you think that such a cautious 
approach will make the likes of Saddam 
Hussein tremble in their boots? 

empowered to work on the highest political Hussein tremble in their boots? 

level and that is important. I know expecta- A Probably not 1 don't know if he wears 

dons are very high and I have already ma de hoots in the first place. 

But things arc evolving. Tic momentum 
for humuurighu is everywhere. ll is becom- 
preventive diplomacy, if you wish, to get inp m u v Withom that wr. wm.ld 

A If nothing rise works, we will go pnblic. 
We will shame them into oomphance. 

Q. Are you in favor of international tribu- 


Q. Are you targeting specific countries? 
ond A Backed by the consensus vote in the 
As- assembly, 184 countries must open their 

A Probably not 1 don't know if he wears 

boots in the first place. nais to (teal with gross human rights offend- 

era, like m the case of Yugoslavia? 

But thin g s are evolving. The momentum A Essentially, yes. But what’s the use of 
for human rights is everywhere. It is becom- tribunals if you don’t have a defendant in 
ing really umvercaL Withom that we would custody? At this moment the United Nations 
not have had the human rights summit in has no weapons to enforce human rights 
Vienna last year and mypost would not have compliance. The internati onal community 

been created. Let's see now persuasion and has not yet come up with an answer to that 

preventive diplomacy works. 


In Church of England, Women Realize a Dream 


BRISTOL, England — The 
Church of England's new female 
priests realized their ambition of 
full authority at the altar on Sun- 
day as they led services at local 

The first female priests in the 
Anglican founding church sealed 
thor new status in Christian wor- 

the day after their ordination from the pulpit and, with her vicar do so by January. There are 10,200 women who became priests, many 

in this western cathedral city. 

One of them, Susan Shipp, wait 
openly as she celebrated Hcuy 
Communion, the key Christian sac- 
rament hitherto offered up only by 
the church’s male clergy. 

looking on, broke bread and 
blessed the Communion wine in a 
strong, firm voice. 

■ Ordination Rites 

John Damton of The New York 

A few miles away, another newly Tinuts re portcd eartier from London: 
darned reverend. Sister Rose- „ "omen knelt Satur- 

ordained reverend. Sister Rose- . ™men xucu aamr- 

mary Dawn Wading, preached {^y in Bristol ^ 

laying on of hands by the bishop to 

priests in the church altogether. of whom struggled for a decade or 
The 32 female deacons gathered more for the right to participate in 
in the historic cathedra] in white certain rites of the church, and, 
robes on Saturday and arranged beginning on Sunday, will be al- 
themselves in a rectangle around lowed to celebrate (hie Eucharist, 
the bishop, the Right Reverend Jane Hayward, looking ahead to 
Barry Rogers®. They answered Sunday services, said sbe was exdl- 
the questions to test their faith and cd but nervous. 

then the congregation followed the 
bishop in sflent prayer for them. 

Thejianguo Hotel Beijing. 
Where business is a pleasure. 

an*52hops « Canterbury 
0 ^ and York, George Carey and John 


beginning" that “marks 

found theologically Uflotyecticm- h clmnalii® of almost 2ft vein 

“I’m loo concerned with getting 
the service right,” she said. “As we 

The archbishops of Canterbury ^ the first, people wifl watch 
andYork, Geoigp Carey and John dosdy and those who are a bit 
Habgood, both of whom favor or- against us wifl say, ‘Ah. she’s got it 
dainmg women, said the ^service wjtmg. she can’t do iL’ ” 

By Ashley Dunn 

New York Times Soviet 

NEW YORK — It was not a 
hurricane or an earthquake, but the 
winter of 1993-94, which is now 
entering its final calendar week, has 
become a disaster of its own sort, 
leaving a trail of damage, hardship 
and bitter memories whose effects 
wilt be felt for years in the eastern 
half of (he United States. 

The winter has ebbed and 
flowed, striking with fury one day, 
onJy to give way to days of sun- 
shine. The series of 16 snow and ice 
storms that have battered the East 
and Southeast is an unconventional 
disaster, but one that still ranks 
among the worst to have hit the 
country in recent years. 

Insurers estimate that they will 
eventually pay ova SI billion for 
damage caused by the storms, com- 
pared with S900 million for the 
wildfires in California in October 
and $775 nriffion for the Los Ange- 
les riots in 1992. 

The pattern of this winter’s 
storms also has been unconven- 

While the National Weather Ser- 
vice has recorded at least 18 all- 
time low temperatures, including 
minus 21 degrees Fahrenheit (mi- 
nus 29 centigrade) in Detroit on 
Jan. 19 and minus 50 degrees Fahr- 
enheit (minus 46 centigrade) in 
Amasa, Michigan, on Jan. 18. over- 
all this winter not make the record 

MARSEILLE (Reuters) — Bernard Tapie, the politician and Marseille 
soccer team owner, has been questioned by the police about the murder oT 
a member of the French Parliament who cam paig ned against corruption, 
investigators said Sunday. 

Mr. Tapie answered questions about the Feb. 25 shooting of Yann Fiat 
that were put to him by senior national police officers in Paris on 
Saturday, the sources said. They said he had been questioned because he 
had been named by Mrs. Piat, together with Maurice Arreckx, president 
of the departmental council of the Var region of southern France, in a 
letter to an aide in which she said that she feared assassination. 

Mr. Arreckx, a member of Mrs. Fiat’s Union for French Democracy 
party, is the region’s veteran political boss and was reported to have 
regarded Mrs. Piat as a troublesome outrider. He told reporters after 
bong questioned last week (hat be had no connection with the case. 


Chunnel Tourist Car Trains? Try July 

Ideally located in the heart of 
Beijing near the diplomatic 
district • 446 superior rooms, 
suites and executive rooms 
specially designed for the 
business traveller • 24-hour 
business centre. 4 Unction 
rooms and a Grand Ballroom 
• Superb Continental and 
Cantonese restaurants, 
coffee shop and bar. 

the culmmtiOTofahnosi 20 yean r Christina Rees, a member of the 
able by iheGeneral Synod of the of formal debate and many more Genoa! Jynod s lsuty who speaks 
Anglican Church in 1975, has ve __ _r - for the Movement for the Ordina- 

prompted a bitter debate for 20 y Tbe deririem ro S option lion of Wome^pronounccd it a “a 
y e2rs - of women was QOt “undertaken P** 1 ^ 35 was caught m a 

•Dretw decades are sometim« ^eyrate^ H? wd 0 D, S d * Cat J edraJ - 

said to be the most (hvisive poiod Si statement, aad although most acniaDy begmnmg to bebeve 
m tbcchurcfa smee Henry Vm es- the ordinations lobe ^J 5 happening.” she 

“ iSaSAS God’s wifl, “others, of course, be- added ^ a_laugh. . __ 

eventually pay ova SI billion for CANNES (AFP) —Trains shuttling tourists’ automobiles through the 
rintna prr*,,*** by the storms, com- Channel Tunnel between France and England apparently wiil not be in 
pared with $900 minion for the serwa unliUuly at the eariiat. 

wildfires in California in October Andre Henard, chairman or the Dinners operating company, Eurotun- 
and $775 nriffion for the Los Ange- ^ ^ “ ai tourisl 031 service would begin after or about the same 
les riots in 1992. tuac 35 passenger train service linking London and Paris. 

The pattern of this winter’s According to previous Eurotunnel predictions, the passenger trains 
storms also has been unconven- 1101 operate before July. Freight sendee is expected to start several 
tional. weeks after the official inauguration of the tunnel on May 6. (AFP) 

While the National Weather Ser- The national carriers of Poland and Britain resumed flights between the 
vice has recorded at least 18 all- two countries Sunday, ending a 19-week break in air links between 
time low temperatures, including Warsaw and London. The conflict was settled when LOT Polish Airlines 
minus 21 degrees Fahrenheit (mi- and British Airways agreed that each would operate nine such flights a 
nus 29 centigrade) in Detroit on week until the aid of the winter season, March 26. During the summer, 
Jan. 19 and minus 50 degrees Fahr- LOT and BA will each fly 12 to 15 times a week. (AP) 

enheit (minus 46 coitigrule) in Subjected Mnsfim extremists fired marhinc* guns at a cruiser carrying 
Amasa, Michigan, on Jan. 1 8. ova- German tourists on the Nile River in southern Egypt on Sunday.' No 
afl tins mater not make the record damage or injuries were reported. It was the second attack oo a cruiser 
books when the season officially near Sidfa, in Assuit Province, in less than 10 days, (API 

ends at 3:28 PJd. on March 20. w i , „ , 

“Astronomically, it’s the end of 1 1118 Week 8 Holidays 

wnter, but meteorogically. not Banking and government offices will be closed or services curtailed in 

SSk, lhe . foH F w “iS coumri® and their dependencies this week because of 

rologist at Pennsy vania State Uni- national and religious holiday: 
versity. Especially with this win- , friNrnA v _ 

ter, it's not safe to say we’ve seen lUUmUAr: Cyprus. Gibraltar. Greece. Singapore, 

the end of snow.” TUESDAY: Hungary. Indonesia. Liberia. 

Snowfall records were set in sev- THURSDAY: Ireland, 
era! places, such as Boston, which 
so far has a season total of 89 5 
inches (229 centimeters). 

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tieve the move to be mistaken.” 

nwr Pr*v rWni virc tvfncnt m U4 '’ 1 " w uaiowuh.u. The Cborcfa of England has at- 

They urged church members to tempted ^accommodate hard-line 
sbow “generosity, tolerance, com- traditionalists by establishing pro- 

SATURDAY: Cosu Rica. Liechtensteia Malta, Vatican City, Venezuela. 

Sources: J.P. Morgan, Reuters. 




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Aragon so that he could wed Anne 
BoleyiL And there are signs that the 
split has not aided. 

Some 700 dergy members, some 
of than retired, have indicated an 
intention to convert to Roman Ca- 
tboticism. So far, only 35 priests 
have resi gned, although an addi- 
tional 1 15 have indicated they will 



Far Walk. U ku njatw . 
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tesy. and loving patience.’ 

visions for a diocese or a parish 

The Vatican reacted sharply to female priests would not be 
the ordinations, reasserting its op* ^flowed to minister. In the case of a 
position to priesthood for women, diocere, it may be done by declara- 
The Vatican spokesman, Joa- tion of the bishop and in the case of 
quin Navarro-Valls, said Pope a parish by a vote of the parochial 
John Paul n “had clearly and pub- church council. No such areas have 
tidy affirmed that the ordination of ^ >ee0 881 °P Y®*- 
women also constitutes a profound The church has also provided 

obstacle to every hope of reunion compensation for priests who 
between (he Catholic Church and choose to resign, a deal that in- 
tfae Anglican Communion.” dudes a three-year package averag- 
“This reunion is and remains a ing about $45,000 in place of sala- 
great hope, which this new ohstade ry, a $5,400 resettlement grant, and 
makes more difficult,” Mr. Na- various housing entitlements, 
varro said, referring to talks be- The ordination of women has 
tween the Vatican and the Church become common throughout the 
of England on possible reunion Anglican Church in other coon- 


“MBaift;.;;— • - - 

i” ■ -* . _ 

7 M 1 Wr,;-. : * 

J. - “ 

Sex Scandal Fells Top U.K. Officer 

in other co 

that began shortly after the Second tries. There are about 1380 female 
Vatican Council. priests in churches within the An- 

But these considerations did not glican Communion around the 
seem to mar the occasion for flic 32 world. 


LONDON — Britain's most senior military offi- 
cer resigned on Sunday in the latest of a series of 
sex scandals that have embarrassed the Conserva- 
tive government. 

Sir Peter Harding, chief of the Defense Staff, 
resigned after a newspaper published allegations 
that he had bad an affair with the ex-wife of a 
forma defense minister. 

The News of the World published derails of the 
alleged affair between Sir Peter, 6 1 , who is married 
and a father of Tour, and Lady Bienvenida Buck. 
32. forma wife of Sir Anthony Buck. 

“Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Peter Har- 
ding. chief of the Defense Staff, has tendered his 
resignation with immediate effect,” the Defense 

Ministry said in a statement. “This has been ac- 

The military has enshrined the virtues of mar- 
riage and family life in a new code of conduct for 
the armed forces. 

Sir Peter's resignation was a fresh blow for the 
government, which has been pla gued by scandals 
including reports that one junior minister fathered 
a child out of wedlock and the wife of another 
minster killed herself because of his friendship 
with a society hostess. 

Last month, a Conservative member of Parlia- 
ment was found dead in bis borne clad in women's 
underwear, the victim of a sex experiment gone 

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flintons on 


By Paul F. Horvitz 

International Herald Tribune 
Bill Clinton s friends and aides 
mounted a vigorous defense Sun- 
day of the handling pf his personal 
finances dunng the 1980s but have 
acknowledged that there were “er- 
rors," posably including sloppy 
bookkeeping and faulty tax £ 

James B. McDougal, a onetime 
friend of the Clintons who ran a 
smaS [savings and loan in Arkansas, 
said in a broadcast interview that 

no money was transferred from the 

sayings bank to Mr. Clinton’s cam- 
paign treasury while he was gover- 
nor of Arkansas. 

This is one of several pivotal 
questions in a special prosecutor’s 
investigation of the savings bank 
and possible links to the Qintons. 
Federal regulators have said the 
Clintons, though not criminal tar- 
gets, may have benefited from 
questionable transfers of funds by 
Mr. McDougal’s failed bank. 

Any suggestion that illegal trans- 
fers to the Clinton campaign took 
place is "a lie — a Republican lie,” 
Mr. McDougal declared. 

•. The president, Mr. McDougal 

In Heartland \ WTuteimter Barely Causes a Ripple 

By Richard L. Berke 

. 4 „ __ Nett York Times Serrke 

LAKEWOOD, Ohio — “Whitewater?" asked Zandra 
w °[}S r am. “Whitewater what? Rafting?" 

Official Washington may be consumed by the Whitewater 
affair, but beyond the capital's Beltway — from Seattle to 
uucagq to Atlanta to Boston to Lakewood — most people 
nave other things on their minds, from the weather to the 
fortunes of Tonya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan. 

Judging by more than 200 on-the-street interviews with 
Utaaa *k Republicans and independents around the 
co !j® Whitewater is not a big topic of conversation. 

Like Ms. Wolf gram, a tbeaier publicist in this town cm the 
western edge of Cleveland, most people here said 
j 1 not markedly affected their views of Presi- 
dent Bill Canton, good or bad. 

Many Republicans said they thought their party leaders 
were wring too far to exploit the dispute for partisan advan- 
tage. But there arc signs that Whitewater could still prove 
politically perilous for Mr. Clinton. 

People in both parties said they were withholding judg- 
ment to see the ultimate resolution of the Clintons' partici- 
pation in an Arkansas real-estate venture. Federal investiga- 
tors are examining the Clintons' investment in the 
Whitewater Development Co. and its relationship to a failed 
savings and loan association. 

“we've only seen and heard a lot of conjecture, no 
smoking gunr said Odie Wright, a security officer in Chica- 
go who is an independent. “And until there is. I'm remaining 

Results from the latest New York Times/CBS News Poll 
show thm for now, at least, the opinions voiced by those 
interviewed clearly reflated the thinking around the coun- 

In the survey, 30 percent of respondents had heard “a lot" 
about Whitewater, up from 17 percent two months ago. But 
even more said they knew little or nothing about it. Six in 10 
Americans said they did not know enough to say whether 
Mr. Clinton and bis wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, did 
anything wrong; the rest were divided. 

Only one in five thought Whitewater was an issue of great 
importance to the nation. 

The poll of 867 adults nationwide, conducted by tele- 
phone from March 8 through March 30, found that Mr. 
Clinton's SO percent approval rating appeals unaffected by 
Whitewater. But the public was divided over whether Mr. 
Clinton participated in a cover-up of the Whitewater affair, 
and 8 in 10 said Republicans were using the issue for 
political gain. 

■ Trust Sating Falls in Poll 

A Time magazine-CNN poll released Saturday found that 
3 5 percent of Americans said they trust Mr. Clinton, down 

from 40 percent in January, The Associated Press reported. 

Of the 800 people polled, 51 percent thought the Qintons 
were hiding things compared to 33 percent who did not 
Newsweek, in a poll of 600 adults, found that 52 percent 
believe the Clinton administration is knowingly covering up 
damaging information about Whitewater, and 64 percent 
think the Qintons are guilty of some offense. 

+ mum: a, notes A- 

Sotif Say Bui Scandal Is Media Overkill 

WASHINGTON — The torrent of headlines has come fast and 
furious: "President Runs Afoul of the Watergate Trap"; “Foster File 
Shocker"; “Rose Staffers Say Hillary Ordered Papers Shredded": 
“Bill on Hillary; SHE’S NOT A CROOK." 

As the Whitewater affair bas readied white-hot intensity, some 

mentality and that comparisons to Watergate are far-fetched. 

Walter Cronkite. the former CBS News anchor, called the recent 
coverage "definitely overheated." He added: The clear attempt in 
both the Watergate break-in and tbe cover-up was to subvert the 
democratic workings of our government. There's nothing nearly 
comparable to that in the Whitewater affair.” 

Marvin Kalb, director of the Joan Shorcostein Barone press center 
at Harvard, criticized the media's performance. “Without any signif- 
icant legal evidence linking tbe president to any criminal activity, 
everyone and his unde in the press is on board this train, and they 
are riding to a destination that is utterly unknown to them," he said. 
“There is a rushing to judgment that is unprofessional and distaste- 
ful. The press is going to nave a lot to answer for when this is over.** 

No one, including administration officials, denies that the White 
House launched this stray into the media stratosphere through a 
series of blunders that made it appear that the president and Hillary 
Rodham Clinton had something to hide. Ana there is widespread 
agre e ment that many questions remain. But despite the swirl of 
allegations, there is concern about whether there is enough potential 
wrongdoing to justify the massive media attention. ( WP) 

White Hou— U»hT Pete Walking Papers 

WASHINGTON —Tbe White House usher fired on the orders of 
Mrs. Clinton was dismissed because he had kept up communications 
with his former employers, George and Barbara Bush. 

The White House said that Chris Emery, who served as an usher 
for tbe pan eight years, bad spoken with Mrs. Bush several times 
over the last 14 months, sometimes from a telephone in the ushers' 
office. Mr. Emery confirmed that he had taken calls from the former 


Clinton’s Team Appears Stuck in Campaign Mode 

By Ann Devroy 

Washington past Service 

WASHINGTON —A month af- 
ter President Bill Clinton took of- 
fice. the White House counsel at 
the time. Bernard W. Nussbaum, 
set out in a memo to the staff severe 
restrictions on contacts they could 
have with government regulators. 

“Violations," the memo noted, 
may result in “s ignifican t embar- 
rassment to the individual involved 
and the White House.” Five 
months later, contacts between 

White House officials and the FBI 
over the firing of the White House 
travel office staff were deemed 
“improper and insensitive to the 
appearance of White House influ- 


ence" by an interna] management 

Now, three such contacts be- 
tween Treasury Department offi- 
cials and ClintOD aides, inducting 
Mr. Nussbaum, involving the fed- 

eral investigation of the president's 
and Hillary Rodham Clinton's ties 

to a failed Arkansas savings and 
loan have ensnared the White 
House in legal and political trou- 

Asked why this keeps happening, 
administration officials and politi- 
cal observers pointed to a Clinton 
White House culture still more at- 
tuned to the operating methods of a 
political campaign than to the rules 
of governing. The White House re- 
mains populated by few govern- 
ment veterans and many former 

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vi.T -.: - 

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Rodham Clinton did anything 
wrong, he added, it was probably 
limited to “sloppy bookkeeping.* 
Mrs. Clinton tome primary charge 
of the family finances. 

According to one report on Sun- 
day, the president's private attor- 
ney, David Kendall, nad found no 
violation of c riminal law in comb- 
ing through the Clintons' personal 
documents bat h as located "tax er- 
rors” and “improper deductions” 
related to their land investments in 
the 19801 

In 1992, tbe Clintons paid a 
small sum in back taxes tor im- 
proper deductions. According to 
the tna gawne , Mr. Kendall behoves 
that any similar problem now can 
be solved with a similar payment of 
back taxes and any accompanying 
penalty. Such penalties are not 
criminal matters. 

Mrs. Clinton also took the offen- 
sive over the weekend m two maga- 
zine interviews. She conceded 
“missteps” and "mistakes” m the 
way the Clintons handled public 
questions about their investments. 
But she said questions about tbe 
Qintons* land investments in the 
Whitewater Development Corp. 
had been blown out of proportion. 

Mrs. Clinton seemed to raise the 
possibility that she and her hus- 
band took improper deductions on 
past income tax forms. Asked by 
Time magazine if that was the case, 
Mrs. Clinton responded: “Well, we 
don’t know. We don’t believe so." 

There were “activities that we 
didn't know anything about that 
have only recently been brought to 
our attention," she said. “And as 
we gather more information, we 
will act appropriately." 

The Qintons say they lost nearly 
$69,000 by investing in Whitewater 
Development. The deduction ques- 
tion may arise from interest pay- 
ments the Clintons made on loans 
they took to invest in the company. 

Mr. McDougal is a key figure in 
the Whitewater matter because he 
was also an investor in the develop- 
ment company with tbe Clintons. 

He said Sunday that he planned 
to bring a defamation suit aga i ns t a 
Republican congressman, Jim 
Leach of Iowa, for asserting that a 
subsidiary of Madison Guaranty 
made illegal transfers of cash to 
Whitewater Development. Mr. 
Leach brushed off tbe threat, call- 
ing Madison “one of the most di- 
sastrously run savings and loans in 
tbe country." 

Away From 

• Two female FBI agents have 
filed a civil rights lawsuit 
against the U.S. Department 
of Justice, alleging that they 
were fondled and taunted by a 
supervisor who beads the bu- 
reau's white collar crime unit 
in Orange County, California. 
The suit is believed to be the 
first sexual harassment case 
filed by women still working 
as agents. 

• An 85-yew>ohl man who led 
the police on a high-speed 
dux* that ended in his death 
after his car overturned was 
carrying his life savings of 
more than $100,000 in ww- 
hide, tbe authorities said. The 
man was seen speeding 

through San Jose* Illinois, and 

when police tried to stop him 
he fled at speeds <rf up to 1™ 
miles per hour, they sat A 

• A man who said be w» 

breed to sdbmit to m AIDS 
test after being taggd 2^? 
his car by sheriffsoepoto® 9 ^ 
suing Frederick County. 
Maimed, officials for 
motion. County officials had 
Uwiftri a warrant to test the 
plaintiff, 30, after his conW; 
ion tested positive for me 
AIDS virus. 

• Onanben of Boston’s ^. 

parade said 

would cancel the annual event 

to protest a court orderjJtoW; 
ing homowotels afl d lesbians 
to ma rch. . wVT 


Uonm Hmtt/Thc Aaodml Rn» 

HAIR-RA22NG — Jim AJter’s pupils check him out as he and fifth graders in Oceanside, CaL 
ifomia, were haring thehr heads dwred in sympathy with a classmate undergoing cancer therapy. 



Breathing life Into New Films 

Computer animation, which has already resur- 
rected dinosaurs for “Jurassic Paric," can now 
transform raw data into images that look like, 
sound like and behave on screen like recognizable 
film stars from the past Imagine “The Kano" with 
Bette Davis instead of Holly Hunter, or ‘The 
Untouchables" with James Cagney instead of Ke- 
vin Costner. 

At present, reanimation technology — the kind 
needed to re-create real people convincingly —is 
prohibitively expensive and relatively primitive. 
Bui as it gets better and cheaper, the legality of 
detailed imaging is likely to be challenged by the 
dead actors' estates. 

It has long been possible to gel Fred Astaire to 
dance with Madonna, for example, by taking foot- 
age from an old Astaire movie and splicing it with 
new film. Soon, however, it will be possible si mply 
to reanimate Astaire, using di m ensional data from 
ins old performances. 

What tbe computer does is translate data into 
images — the data in this case being numbers that 
describe Astaire's physical di m e n sions, down to 
the smallest detail like the shape of his nose, Voices 
ran also be synthesized. 

As technology improves, the cost of re-animat- 
ing dead actors is sure to decline, whereas the cost 
of paying live ones is sure not to. Or as Bruce 
Weber put it in The New York Times, “Who 
knows? Actors might not be needed at aD one of 
these days." 

Short Takes 

It looked Eke one of those cases that are nearly 
impossible to solve: the apparently random shoot- 
ing of a young hitchhiker. But the first Tulsa* 
Oklahoma, deputy sheriff on the scene noticed tbe 
letters and numbers inked on Donald Beartradc 
Jr.'s Woody aim. It turned out to be the license 
plate number of three men who were soon arrested 
and charged with killing him. Police said the 17- 
year-old apparently realized he was in danger and 
scrawled DER-352 on his arm just before ne was 
shot twice in the head at dose range. Investigators 
would not say what may have made him fed 
threatened, and would not offer a motive for the 

A bipartisan camp a ign for Inrindmg Americans 
overseas in any health care legislation is being 
pusbed by Democrats Abroad and Republicans 
Abroad. Americans overseas have never had access 
to Medicare, taxpayer-subsidized health care for 
the elderly and disabled, even though they have 
paid into the programs for decades. Neither the 
Clmton adminis tration's health-care program nor 

any other erf the new proposals before Congress 
makes any provision for U.S. citizens living 

About People 

Otto Graham, 72, who quarterbacked the Cleve- 
land Browns to seven championships in the 10 
years from 1946 to 1955, says of today’s victorious 
gyrations by players who nave just scored touch- 
downs, “Every time I see a player get in the end 
zone doing one of those crazy dances, my stomach 

Arthur Higbee 

Man Held in Sale of Gun 
To N.Y. Attack Suspect 

New York Times Service 

new YORK — A suspect has 
been arrested in connection with 
the sale of a pistol that found its 
way into the possession of Rashad 
Baz, who is charged in a March 1 
attack on a van carrying Has die 
students on the Brooklyn Bridge. 

The authorities said the suspect, 
Albert Jeanniton, was the first link 

in a gun trafficking cham that led 
to MnlJaz. 

iSinar 1 Q 28 we va served Winston Churchill. 
Alexander of Yugoslavia, Marltttc Dietrich and many others. 
Am of March J 5 will ho your turn. 

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campaign workers most comfort- 
able with the campaign war room 
style of rapid ana aggressive re- 
sponse to political threats. 

George Stephanopoulos, the 
Clinton campaign veteran who is 
now a senior adviser to the presi- 
dent, acknowledged last week that 
White House damage control ef- 
forts in response to inquiries about 
tbe Qintons' Whitewater land deal 
had caused more political and legal 
damage than they had controlled. 

“A campaig n is a campaign," 
said Lloyd N. Cutler, newly named 
White House counsel in an inter- 
view. “Those are private people 
who are not part of the government 
rot in a particular, peculiar situa- 

“But now, you are the govern- 
ment of the United Steles," he said. 
Ref raring to a Clinton strategist, be 
said, “In a cam p ai g n , James Car- 
villc could answer a question in a 
manner that was 75 pocent correct 
and 25 percent incorrect and that 
would be fine. The next day in a 
campaign, you are on to something 
else. Now, you are the government, 
and tbe government got it wrong,” 

Another administration official 
put it more siuxinctiy: “In a cam- 
paign, you can afford to be a cow- 
boy, you're even expected to be a 
cowboy. In the White House, you 
have to keep your gun in the holster 
a lot of the time." 

David R. Graven, a White House 
counselor who, uke Mr. Caller, is a 
veteran of previous administra- 
tions, said the grand jury subpoe- 
nas of White House and Treakuy 
aides, the elaborate search for doc- 
uments and Mr. Cutler's appoint- 
ment last week served as a * “wake- 
up call" to a traumatized White 
House staff. 

An administration official said, 
“The campaign cowboy analogy 
goes only part way. This remains a 
building that lacks discipline. 
There is a sloppiness. A lack of 
seriousness. A group-grape quality 
where everyone rushes to one prob- 
lem and gropes around for a solu- 
tion while other problems pop up 
everywhere else.” 

Critics of tbe Clinton team say 
that the Whitewater defense opera- 
tion fits a pattern of actions, large 
and small, that suggest inattention 
to the responsibilities of those who 
serve in government. 

ThQr point to reports of White 
House aides failing to perform re- 
quired paperwork to get their 
passes and security clearances; of 
.State Department aides last year 

ninklrat on ala and leaking 
information about them to the 
press; of White House procedures 
in the days following the suicide of 
the deputy White House counsel, 
Vincent Foster, that have led to 
questions about the integrity and 
thoroughness of the police investi- 

The White House chief of staff, 
Thomas F. (Mack) McLarty, at- 
tributed many of the difficulties to 
the daily rush of problems that en- 
gulf the White House. “We had 
procedures put in place to ensure 
that White House people maintain 
tbe highest ethical standards." 

How long should the CKnton 
team be given to make tbe transi- 
tion from the campaign to tbe gov- 
ernment? Mr. Cutler answered; “it 
ought to by the end of the first 
year." Now, with Mr. Clinton two 
months into his second year, Mr. 
Cutler said, "Certainly, certainly, 
we have room for improvement." 

Ihat may seem harmless, for all intents and purposes, said Ned 
Lattimore, Mrs. Clinton's spokesman, “but it also snows an amazing 
lack of discretion. We believe the position that he had, as a member 
of the residence staff, requires the utmost respect for the first 
family's privacy. It's an extremely sensitive position, os you can 
imagine. This is the president's house, and Mrs. Clinton's and 
Chdsea's.” Other White House sources say that Mr. Emery was 
suspected of having revealed personal details about the Clintons to 
the Bushes. Mr. Emery denies this. 

“It never occurred to me that the president and Mrs. Clinton 
would feel threatened by my providing brief, technical computer 
support to Mrs. Bush and her stall," Mr. Emery said. “I would never 
discuss die Clinton family matters. 1 am a professional." 

Mrs. Bush would not comment, but her assistant, Nancy Huong, 
confirmed having placed two telephone calls to Mr. Emery at the 
White House when Mrs. Bush ran into computer problems. (WP) 

Quote /Unquote 

Representative Dan Rostenkowski, who after 18 terms in Con- 
gress as an IlHn ms Democrat winds up what may be his last 
cam paig n in a tough Chicago primary Tuesday: “You've got to 
understand that I was a ward committeeman, I was a state legislator. 
I opened storefront offices and had them all my life. When people 
came into my office, it's like a bakery shop. If they wanted to see the 
state senator, if they wanted to see the state representative, the 
alderman, I tried to package it all together. I know what it is for poor 
people that are not knowledgeable about tbe way government works. 
I know what it is to take them by the hand ana say. This is what 
we’re going to do.' " (WP) 


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If you do business with Eastern Europe, you'll probably keep running up against 
questions like “Whaf s the best way to get from London to Tirana?" or "Which airline will 
fly me from Amsterdam to Odessa ? 11 or "Which Is the fastest connection from Milano to 
Bucharest?". For answers to questions like these, consult the Austrian Airlines Timetable. 
For decades now, we at Austrian have been operating ideally coordinated services between 
Eastern and Western Europe. As the table shows, the best connection between West and 
East will tend to be with Austrian Airlines. Any travel agency or Austrian Airlines Office will 
be glad to provide details of the good connections we maintain for you in Eastern Europe. 

Dipartura and arrival times as of March 27, 1994. 

Welcome To \ 

4mrnm b> 

. ... /.• /JV .//. .VJCjr /- T 

P 6 

Page 4 

MONDAY, MARCH 14, 1994 






The Europe to Come 

To help poor countries grow richer, trade 
and investment can do a lot more than con- 
ventional foreign aid. That is particularly true 
for the countries of Central and Eastern Eu- 
rope, with their well-educated populations. 
That makes their relationship to the European 
Union crucial to them and to the structure of 
Europe as it wfll emerge over the next decade. 

But tibeUraon is under peat strain. Its sense 
of political direction has been eroded by a long 
and damaging recession, while the prospect of 
enlargement is changing its character. It has 
completed negotiations with Sweden, Finland 
and Austria. Those three expea to join by the 
start of next year, and Norway may he a fourth. 
That shifts the balance in the Union between 
Europe's rich north and its poorer south. It also 
hints ar greater influence for a constellation of 
coon tries around Germany, at the expense of 
those to the south and west That has set off a 
sharp quarrel over voting rules within the 
Union, and how huge a minority win be al- 
lowed to block a majority. These are all distrac- 
tions from the commitments that the Union 
has already made to die countries to its east 

Nonetheless, the Union has signed agree- 

ments with sane of them promising free trade 
within 10 years. Beyond that, it has promised 
full membership as soon as they can meet the 
political and economic req uir ements. That is 
not simple. Disparities at wealth among the 
Union's members are already making trouble, 
for incomes in Germany and Fiance are three 
tunes those in Portugal and Greece — winch in 
turn are two or three times those in H ungar y 
and Poland. And yet they may wdl be adm i tte d 
by the turn of the century, as they hope. 

The Union was founded on the idea of uang 
economic incentives to attain political goals. It 
was constructed to make war impossible be- 
tween France and Germany. It brought in 
Greece; Portugal and Spain not for commercial 
reasons but to ensure that (hey would remain 
democracies. The same logic now presses it to 
bring in tbe East Europeans. It wfll be expen- 
sive for die richer countries, but it can make all 
of Europe safer and more stable. Expanding 
the European Union is a slow and rather boring 
process, with all those endless negotiations and 
complicated agreements, but the subject is the 
architecture of the next century's Europe. 


A Deal lor North Korea 

International inspectors are now scouring 
North Korea's midear sites for signs of recent 
diversion of nuclear material to the making of 
arms. If they find none, Washington will soon 
resume talks with Pyongyang on gaming even 
greater access to detomine how much material, 
if any, it may have diverted before inspections 
began and whether that was enough to nuke a 
bomb. To win such inspections, President Bill 
Qinton needs a package of inducements that 
addresses North Korea's diplomatic, security 
and economic concerns. He also needs to quiet 
the loose talk of war in Washington. 

To that end, he might read a report by the 
U S. Institute of Peace, drafted by former offi- 
cials, some of whom shaped U.S. policy toward 
Korea in the past It challenges the view that 
North Korea's nuclear program has created a 
miKtaiy crisis that requires a fksring of U.S. 
muscle. Such posturing, the report suggests, 
adds nothing to US negotiating leverage but 
instead raises doubts m Pyongyang about 
whether Washington is serious about a deal 

The report’s assessment of the military bal- 
ance indicates that the threat from the North is 
not growing. Its missiles, artillery and rockets 
have long been able to reach Seoul The South 
is spending twice as much as the North does on 
defense, while the North's reduced access to oil 
has degraded its ntiHtaiy effectiveness. North 
Korea's economic setbacks are so serious that 

Kim D Sung’s dream of reunifying die paiinsti- 
Ia has “given way to concern for sumvaL” 

The report raises questions about the 
North's bomb-making activity. The GA’s esti- 
mate that the North has acramulated en«ig h 
pbtonhmi for one or two bombs is a “worst- 
case extrapolation." There is “no hard evi- 
dence, only (he presumption” (hat (he North 
has tinned whatever plutanhnn it has into a 
bomb. Rigorous inspections of nuclear sites 
could dear up these uncertainties. 

The North needs to carry out its 1991 pledge 
to dismantle its reprocessing plant, and ac- 
count for any plutonium that it may have 
produced To coax it into these steps, Washing- 
ton should offer incentives to be delivered aha 
specific actions. It is essential far example, that 
the North continue its talks with SeooL The 
United States can that hold out step-by-step 
di pl omatic tie? apd I IS. harking for ajd, mvwrt- 
ment and trade as inducements for regular 
inspections. The package would include a joint 
UA-South Korean offer to reduce forces in the 
HeHiilirar iygri a pn e and take OthCTStCpStO b llfld 
mutual confidence if the North reciprocates. 

Pyongyang’s economy is in disarray. A firm 
co mmitm ent from Mr. Qmtoa could produce a 
broad diplomatic bargain that just might work, 
allowing Pyongyang to extract itself from a 
nuclear dead end of its own making 


Perry Talks Too Much 

Are you a Serbian co mm ander wondering 
whether the United States and NATO, having 
rescued Sarajevo, will respond if you shoot up 
one of the other United Nations-dcsignaied 
safe havens in Bosnia? Rest at ease, for the new 
UiL secretary of defense; William J. Perry, has 
just simplified your way. In a Washington 
speech, he has separated the cities that NATO 
would extend its air power to save from those it 
would not The essential difference lies in 
whether the besiegers use artillery. If they do, 
and if some other criteria are met, then NATO 
may respond. But if the threat is from “infantry 
and guerrilla action in urban areas,” as it is in 
various pathetic places, then those areas wfll be 
considered outside the reach of NATO air 
power, and the besiegers may safdy fire away. 

It is line that air power works in some 
situations but may only increase civilian casu- 
alties, to no good compensating military effect, 
mothers. There is political lunacy, however, in 
publicly spelling it all out at this moment. 
NATO has an encouraging bit of momentmn 
up in Bosnia as a result of finally getting serious 
about Sarajevo and shooting down some pro- 
vocative Bosnian Serb aircraft. You don’t have 
to be a fidd marshal to understand how useful 

it would be to keep would-be attackers guess- 
ing. A little disaeet silence, a toodi of ambigu- 
ity — that’s what is required. Instead, Mr. 
Perry, earnestly plodding through a disquisi- 
tion on the uses (tf militaiy fmee, offers some of 
the gunmen of Bosnia a free pass. 

The defense chief, taking a cue from the 
commander in chief, wains against malting 
empty threats of military force — threats that 
the United States cannot enforce. This was 
certainly a prudent camion to utter at an earlier 
time when NATO’s credibility was on the fine. 
With NATO having now at kast begun to earn 
its spurs in Bosnia, however, a caution against 
empty threats is transformed into a erne-sided, 
self-restricting denial of mQitaiy opportunity. 

Some Americans and others might raise a 
question or even an alarm if the adrmxnstration 
seemed to be slipping into broader uses at 
force. But current circumstances put it in a 
position to have it both ways: to have sensible 
guidelines on the use of force but at the same 
time to strengthen its message that the disrupt- 
ers of peace efforts in Bosnia should beware. 
Mr. Perry, precise and expHdt where he should 
have let doubts linger, tells them not to worry. 


Don’t Appease Rangoon 

Following an eight-month policy review, 
the Qinton administration has reportedly de- 
cided to increase pressure on Burma, and to 
ask other nations of the world to stop sending 
arms to its brutal miliiary regime. That would 
be a just and honorable response to the re- 
gime’s obstinate refusal to hold talks with its 
democratic opponents. 

Last week the Burmese general known as 
Secretary One; or S-l far short, gave his first 
interview to a Western correspondent in two 
years. Lieutenant General Khin Nyunt told 
Philip Sbenon of The New York Times that he 
would not meet with, or gram any politics] 
standing to, Daw Aung San Sun Kyi, the de- 
mocracy leader and Nobd Peace Prize laureate 
who has been under bouse arrest in the capital 
for several years. That flat statement seemed to 
dash the hopes of some Westerners who 
thought that the Burmese Stale Law and Order 

Restoration Council might be easing its stance. 
For the first time since her arrest, Daw Aung 
San Sou Kyi was allowed to see a nonfanrijy 
foreign viator. Representative Bill Richardson 
of the House Intelligence Committee. 

Then, loo, the regime has been seeking better 
trade and diplomatic relations with Japan and 
the West, and its generals have been nudged by 
Tokyo to heed widespread outrage over the 
detention of Daw Aung San Sou Kyi. 

She returned to her country in 1988 to aid 
her ailing mother and renamed, at (be request 
of Burmese fed up with decades of brutal, 
incompetent and corrupt military tyranny. In 
1990 her National League for Democracy over- 
whelmed the regime's party in national elec- 
tions, which the regime immediately annulled. 

But General Kiun Nyunt, head of Burmese 
rmbtaiy intelligence, seemed determined to 
keep her under arrest- 'There are 42 miSion 
people here,” he told Mr. Sbenon, “and they 
are not bothered by Daw Aung San Sun Kyi” 
Oh? Then why not free her and bold another 
election? Tbe answer is self-evident The regime 
has no confidence in what 42 milUon Burmese 
think about it Until Daw Aung San Sou Kyi is 
liberated and able to speak for herself, tine is 
no reason for anyone to reward the g enera^ 
with belter trade and diplomatic relations. 


International Herald Tribune 



RICHARD McCLEAN. Publisher A Chief Executive 
JOHN VINOCUR. EMamr &£«r & Vkehradm 

CHARLES MriCHELMORE/> 7 >itft- £<£»<«• CARLGEWIRTZ.Ass<Jcidr£i4frv 

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• REN£ BONDY. Deputy Puhtaher* JAMES McLEOD. Advenvmff Direcur 
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tUnrleurde la Puhiimutn ■ Richard D. Simm r*» 

IrtunattinaJ Herald Tribune. 1X1 Avenue Chnfcvde-Gaulle. 92521 Ncwlty-Mir-.Seinc. Fiance. 

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The Party Wants to Rein In the Stampede 

ONG KONG — China’s march toward a 
market economy has come to a hall. While 


the troops are milling around playing cards or 
bartering their ammunition, the officers are wor- 
rying about bow to get order back in the ranks, 
never mind the direction of the march. 

That is the message from the National People's 
Congress now taking place in Beijing. Almost 
every speech so far from senior officials has 
emphasized the need not just for restraint in 
economic growth but for discipline in every area. 

Meanwhile, on all sides populist pressures an- 
tipathetic to the “socialist market economy” ap- 
pear to be building up; workers being laid off by 
state factories, town dwellers unhappy with food 
prices, peasants from the interior fed up with 
corrupt officials and aware that they are no 
longer benefiting from Dengist reforms, intellec- 
tuals emerging from their post -Tiananmen shells, 
and Muslim and other minorities getting restive. 

This is not to deny that the economy is still 
growing at a respectable rate — even if the 
official figures may need to be discounted by a 
factor of SO percent. Nor that the majority may 
not be content with a system which has brought 
such big gains in material well-being. Nor that 
there is any dance of a return to a rigid past of 
centralized socialist control But it is to acknow- 
ledge that contradictions between economics and 
pohtics are again reasserting themselves. That an 
open market and closed politics are incompatible 
unless the two can be kept sufficiently separate 
to prevent mutual contamination. 

Even before Deng Xiaoping has been laid to 
rest, conservative sentiments are reasserting them- 
selves — but as much for pragmatic as for ideolog- 
ical reasons. The senile leader's is stiD in- 
voked, but the quotes are from his incarnations 
against “bourgeois liberalization” rather than last 
year’s calls for “fast-paced development" 

Of course, there are always ideological dements 
at work who hanker for Maoist purity. Bat it does 
not need an ideologue to agree with Li Feng's 
statement last week that corruption was a “mattg 
of life or death” far the regime and that to “apply 

By Philip Bowring 

the principles of the marketplace to the activities 
of government institutions or make deals with 
power and money" was inadmissible. 

Common though such practices may be, includ- 
ing in such prospe rin g economies as Malaysia’s, 
Mr. Li can hardly be blamed for wanting to bait 
them. Likewise the statement of Hanning Minister 

Chen Jinhua about the primacy of a “stable social 
environment" indicates both reasonable concerns 
and the direction of pol icy. 

The plain fact is that China’s stability is threat- 
ened. The army, still a major focus of national 
identity and unity, needs more money; according 
to the new budget, it will get it. Agriculture ana 
poor provinces need help, and get h. But the 
wherewithal to pay far these political necessities 
through taxation is not there, no matter bow much 
paperwork has been pul into improving tbe tax 
system. China faces the sort of problems familiar 
to Brazil and the Philippines: a political need to 
spend but a lack of pahtical will to collecL 

The net result, according to figures presen ted 
to the Congress: a 50 percent rise in the central 
government’s deficit In turn, that means either 
higher inflation or a real squeeze on credit 
elsewhere in the economy, with its accompany- 
ing disastrous consequences for China’s new fat 
cat party entrepreneurs. 

Unable to get the grip on credit that it would 
film, tbe government is already having to fall 
bade on price controls and threats to hod down 
inflation. This is not ideology. It is desperation. 

Meanwhile, on another front desperation also 
reigns. Last November, Beijing ordered an “imme- 
diate halt ” to investment overseas by Chinese 

, Yet there is little sign that tbe outflow 
Last year, as in 1992, it was probably 
upward of $20 biEoQ. (This assumes a current 
account deficit of $7 bflEoo, capital inflow of $20 
billion and export under-invoicing as reflected in 
Hong Kong trade figures of $10 billion), 
has to get a grip mi tins outflow before it 

another blow to currency ref ram, GATT member- 
ship and the value of the currency. But how can 
that be done without rigid central controls? 

Hie dilemma for Bearing is that praise of the 
marketplace has resulted in tbe profit motive tak- 
ing hold of modi of the party «nH 
unrestrained by ethical or nationalist pi 
Few of the dite may now be entirely dean, least of 
all those related to the top leaden. They can 
reasonably adduce that the political dangprs to 
them from HOI re turning to a OMR mithnnlflrian 
and perhaps less corrupt system may be much 
greater than slowing national growth, and their 
relatives’ accumulation rtf offshore wealth. 

Post-Deng there w31 be a continuation,] 
in more open form, of the power si 
individuals dial is now going on behind'the scenes. 
Yet perhaps the importance of this struggle is 
being exaggerated, what the leaders seem to be 
increasingly worried about is their survival as a 
group. Either they hang together or they hang 
separately. If Beijing is worried about losing 
control while Mr. Deng is still alive, the dangers 
when the icon is dead are aO the more serious. 

vates the situation. If the leaders assume 
even with most-favored status the export path 
has finite limits, they are more prepared to put it 
at risk and play a nationalist card instead. 

As for the west, it needs to modify its black- 
and-white notions of the links between capital- 
ism, liberalism, free markets and democracy. 

To oversimplify: China’s capitalists are unpa- 
triotic opportunists, the intellectuals want free- 
dom but distrust both democracy and markets, 
the party is a fascist bureaucracy, and the urban 
worker activists — they who torched the tanks in 
1989 — feel cheated of their socialist birthright 
China is dynamic but also in ferment. It is not 
necessary to sympathize with Li Peng and Co. to 
appreciate why a tactical withdrawal from es- 
pousal of tbe market may be unavoidable to keep 
the system and the nation intact That is the 
message from tbe National People's Congress. 

International Herald Tribune. 

America’s Duty to the Wide World Starts at Home 

N EW YORK — I am reminded 
that it was 47 years ago that my 
involvement with tbe Council on For- 
tin earnest At the 

end of 1946, 1 had addressed a dinner 
at which I spoke about the Russia tit 
that day. This led to a further meeting, 
in January, this time with the coundTs 
newly established Discussion Group 
on Soviet Foreign Policy. 

It was shortly thereafter that Ham 
Armstrong, as editor of Foreign Af- 
fairs, wrote to me, asking me to set 
forth in an article for that journal the 
gist of what 1 had been saying on 
these occasions about Russia and So- 
viet-American relations. What came 
out of tins approach was what be- 
came known as the “X” article. And 
this was the beginning of my life of 
sin as a participant in the public dis- 
cussion of Soviet-American relations. 

Now first, a word or two from tbe 
perspective of 47 intervening years, 
about what was being discussed at 
those early meetings. Whai I was then 
advocating for our government was a 
policy of “containment" of Soviet ex- 
pansionist pressures, a policy aimed 
at halting the expansion of Soviet 
power into Central and Western Eu- 
rope. I viewed this as primarily a dip- 
lomatic and political task, though not 
wholly without mfliimy implications. 

I considered that if ana when we 
had succeeded in persuading the Sovi- 
et leadership that the continuation of 
these expansionist pressures not only 
held out for them no hopes for success 
but would be, in many respects, to 
their disadvantage, thm tbe moment 
would have come for serious talks with 
them about the future of Europe. 

But when, some three years later, 
this moment had arrived — when we 
had made our point with the Mar- 

By George F. Kennan 

The Council an Fordfft Relations held a party for Mr. Kennan, 
the diplomat and author, in celebration of nis 90th birthday 
or Feb. 15. This article is adapted from his remarks. 

shall Plan, with the successful resis- 
tance to the Berlin blockade and oth- 
er measures — when the lesson I 
wanted to see us convey to Moscow 
had been successfully conveyed, then 
it was one of the great disappoint- 
ments of my life to discover (hat 
neither our government nor our West 
European allies had any interest in 
entering into such discussions at afi. 

What they and the others wanted 
from Moscow, with respect to the 
future of Europe, was essentially “un- 
conditional surrender.” They were 
jared to wait for it This was the 
ling of the 40 years of Cold War. 

lose of my opponents of that day 
who have survived into the present 
age would say, I am sure: “You see. 
We were right. Tbe collapse of the 
Soviet system amounted to the un- 
conditional surrender we envisaged 
— an involuntary one if you wtQ, but 
surrender nevertheless. And we paid 
nothing for it" 

To which I should have to reply: 
“But we did pay a great deal for iL 
We paid with 40 years of enormous 
and otherwise unnecessary military 
expenditures. We paid through the 
cultivation of nuclear weaponry to 
the point where the vast and useless 
nuclear arsenals had become (and re- 
main today) a danger to the very 
environment of the planet. 

“And we paid with 40 years of 
Communist control in Eastern Ger- 
many, Czechoslovakia and Hungary, 
the damages of which to the structure 
of civilization in those countries we 

arc only now beginning to observe; 
We paid an of tins because we were 
too timid to negotiate.” 

We will never know who was rig ht 
and who wrong. One course was tried 
Its consequences, good and bad, are 
risible. The other remained hypotheti- 
cal Its results will never be known. 

We are now in a new age; an age 
which, for all its confusions and dan- 
gers, is marked by one major bless- 
ing: for tbe first time in centuries, 
there are no great-power rivalries that 
threaten immediately the peace of the 
world. We must do all in our power to 
see that things remain this way. 

But aside from that one encourag- 
ing situation, what we see is a highly 
unsettled and unstable world — a 
world full of squabbles, conflicts and 
violent encounters, some not without 
dangers to world peace and stability. 
This presents a rhangnpt for Much 
we are poorly prepared. 

For more than 60 years, the atten- 
tion of our policymakers and public 
opinion was monopolized by the effort 
to respond to what appeared to be, 
and sometimes were, great and over- 
riding dangers — the Nazis, the Japa- 
nese militarists, then Stalin's Russia. 
Our statesmen and our public are un- 
accustomed to reacting to a world situ- 
ation that offers no such great and all- 
absorbing focal points for policy. 

And it is not surprising that we 
should now be hearing demands for 
some son of a single grand strategy of 
foreign policy, to replace our fixation 
on the Soviet Union and to serve as a 

the fc 


W ASHINGTON — Leslie Gdb, 
of the Council on Foreign Rela- 
tions, observes that the Clinton for- 
eign policy is more popular with the 
public than with “the experts and pun- 
dits" (IHT Opinion, March 8). What a 
wonderful heartening criticism. 

More broadly, Mr. Gelb claims 
that Bifl Clinton is indifferent to the 
wider world and that the administra- 
tion has no foreign policy strategy. It 
is worth probing that assertion. 

First, lei’s dispense with the trivial 
criticism: that the president spends 
no time on foreign policy. Since tak- 
ing office, he has had more than 100 
meetings with foreign leaders, deliv- 
ered more than a dozen major foreign 
policy addresses, visited eight na- 
tions, held three summits with Presi- 
dent Boris Yeltsin, brought Asian- 
Pacific leaders together for the first 
time, called a NATO summit and 
announced a Summit of the Ameri- 
cas. If be is trying to ignore foreign 
policy, be is doing a lousy job of it 
Second, let's examine the notion 
that President Clinton has not accom- 
plished anything on foreign policy. 

From toe suit of his campaign and 
throughout his administnition,he has 
made dear that America's interests 
today lie in three strategic goals: pat- 
ting economics at the heart of our 
foreign policy, adapting our military 
forces and security policies to a new 
strategic environment, and working 
to enlarge the world’s community of 
market democracies. Since taking of- 
fice, the president has made progress 
toward all three goals. 

He passed the North American 
Free Trade Agreement and condud- 
ed a GATT agreement that had been 
stalled for seven years. He turned 
America’s attention to Asia, the re- 
gion of the world's most dynamic 
growth. He secured historic commit- 
ments to eliminate nuclear weapons 
in Ukraine. Belarus and Kazakhstan. 
He led efforts to create NATO' s Part- 
nership for Peace, which will bring 
Europe's East into closer security co- 
operation with NATO. He directed 
the Pentagon to conduct a “botlom- 
up” review of defense capabilities. He 
won new assistance for reform in the 
fo r m er Soviet Union. At critical mo- 
ments, he has provided steadiness and 
initiative to the Mideast peace process. 

And after a frustrating year of work 
to help end the conflict in Bosnia and 

By Samuel R. Berger 

The writer is deputy national security 
adviser at the White House . 

relieve the suffering of its victims, the 
president's leadoshm in NATO has 
produced a reprieve for Sarajevo, new 
momentmn at the negotiating table 
and an agreement between Bosnians 
and Croats to woric toward real peace. 

These actions show a president 
who understands (hat in this new era. 
foreign engagement and domestic 
strength are linked as never before. 

Perhaps Mr. Gefb’s most serious 
charge is that the president, even if 
engaged, has no foreign policy con- 
victions. Again, the tacts behe the 
charge; Convictions are tested in mo- 
ment s of crisis. In instance after in- 
stance. the president has met the test. 

When Russian democracy was 
threatened by ex-Commuaist coup 
plotters last Oct- 3, Mr. CKmou acted 
immediately to throw American sup- 
port behind reformers in Russia- ms 
instinct reflected our nation’s clear 
long-term interest in a democratic 
Russia at peace with its neighbors. 

When our soldiers in Somalia suf- 
fered casualties, the president stood 
firmly against a chorus of calls to cut 
and run. He reinforced our troops and 
ensured that they had the support they 
needed. Because of their efforts — and 
the president’s leadership — the So- 
mali people have been given a serious 
chance to build their own future. 

When pressure built up for further 
cuts in a defense budget essential to 
our security, a president who cared 
only about domestic initiatives might 
have sold our national security short. 
President Clinton did not He pledged 
to hold the line against more reduc- 
tions because be believes that our 
military must be able to meet the full 
range of threats in this era. 

And when tbe North American 
Free Trade A gr e e ment came under 
intense opposition, a president with 
“no steadiness" would have muffled 
his support for the pact This presi- 
dent held his ground and exercised 
his leadership. He won over the un- 
committed with principled and pas- 
sionate argument. 

Tbe debate over NAFTA was a 
watershed. It was not just about a 
free trade zone with Mexico. Indeed, 
at its core it was about far more than 

economics. More fundamentally, it 
was a historic choice: With tbe Cold 
War over and in the face of great 
change, would America turn inward 
or shape tbe world's changes to our 
advantage? NAFTA’s enactment sent 
a dear signal to (be world that Ameri- 
ca will remain engaged. 

That was a feat of immense conse- 
quence. Let us not forget that when 
the president assumed office, many 
people had begun to view the rela- 
tionship between domestic and for- 
eign policy as a zero-sum game. Ev- 
ery day a president spent on foreign 
affairs was seen as a day not spent on 
jobs and growth at home. As the 
pundits noted with justifiable alarm, 
we were on the verge of a major 
popular shift toward isolationism. 

President Clinton stopped that 
shifL He has moved this country. 
From NAFTA to the fight for Rus- 
sian aid. President Clinton is articu- 
lating why international engagement 
matters to people outside the ivory 
tower — why trade agreements mean 
better jobs; why the success of Rus- 
sian reform means a more secure fu- 
ture: why a revitalized NATO makes 
us safer. He knows tbe need to make 
a new case for internationalism. And 
be is doing so. 

Does (his administration have all 
tbe answers about the changing world? 
No. We are dearly in a time erf great 
uncertainty and flux. Just as in the 
postwar era, being present at the cre- 
ation is not a six-day proposition. It 
may take years for an enduring public 
support on key aspects of our engage- 
ment to take tool Must we do more to 
buQd that support? Absolutely. 

And of course, success in foreign 
affairs is never guaranteed. For ex- 
ample, the struggle today in Russia 
over the future of reform is uncertain 
and unpredictable. And despite last 
year's oreakthrough celebrated on 
the White House lawn, no one can 
assume that peace will come to the 
the Middle East overnight 

What will remain constant are 
America's interests. In the past year. 
President Clinton has exercised lead- 
ership energetically in pursuit of 
those interests. And because of his 
leadership, our nation is more secure 
today. It seems that the American 
people understand that better than 
some experts and pundits. 

The Washington Peat. 

Why do you want anything like 
that? Yes, erf course, your world is 
complex. So was ours. But many of 
these troublesome situations that 
bother you do not really threaten 
your interests. Even for those that do, 
there could be no single grand design 
— no vast c omm on denominator — 
that would tell you how each of them 
should be approached. Ear* has to be 
judged on its merit. Discard, then, 
this traditional American fondness 
for trying to solve problems by put- 
ting them into broad categories. 

“^What you need are not policies — 
much less a angle policy. What you 
need are sound principles: principles 
that accord with the nature, the 
needs, the interests and the limita- 
tions of our country.” 

Some of these principles seem to be 
relatively immutable; A number were 
enunciated by John Quincy Adams in 
his great Fourth of July speech of 
1821, and they have lost none of their 
relevance. Adams observed that if 
America should enlist under other 
banners than her own, “were they 
even tbe banners of foreign indepen- 
dence, she would involve herself be- 
yond the power of extrications, in all 
the wars of interest and intrigue, of 
individual avarice, envy and ambi- 
tion, which assume the colors and 
usurp the standard of freedom.” 

Principles, too, have of course to be 
reviewed and adjusted to meet the 
particular challenges of the time. 

Arid if you were to ask what such 
principles might be today. I could 
only say: “Look closely at our own 
society. Look at its strengths and 
weaknesses, at its successes and fail- 
ures, at the possibilities and the dan- 
gers that confront iL 

“And then ask yourselves how 
such a country ought to shape its 
foreign relations in such a way as to 
help it to be what it could be to itself 
and to its world environment, bear- 
ing in mind, of course, that it is pri- 
marily by example, never by precept, 
that a country such as ours exerts tic 
most useful influence beyond its bor- 
ders, but remembering, too, that 
there are limits to what any one sov- 
ereign country can do to help anoth- 
er, and that unless we preserve the 
quality, the vigor and the morale of 
our own society, we will be of little 
use to anyone at alL" 

The New York Times. 

guide for our responses to all those 
troublesome rituations. 

And about this demand, craning to 
us from many quarters, there are one 
or two things I think we ought to 
note. First of all, as a problem for 
American statesmanship, this present 
situation is not reaUy all that new. 
Similar situations existed in the early 
years of tins Republic, and again to- 
ward the end of the 19th century. 

And if you could bring to life some 
of the wiser of the American states- 
men of those earlier periods and ask 
their opinion abont the present de- 
mands for some sort of a grand strat- 
egy with which to meet all our pro- 
blems. they would say, I suspect, 
ing Like f 

The Queue ‘ 

By Jim Hoagland 

W ASHINGTON — In the blink* 
of an eye, Roger Altman has 
gone from holding a virtual lode on 
becoming the next treasury secretary 
to having to defend his his position as 
the department's No. 2 to Lloyd 
Bentscn. He may yet avoid winding 
up in the Whitewater wasteland that 
has already claimed Bernard Nuss- 
baum and threatens other members 
of the president’s innermost circle, 
but a smooth movement into Mr. 
Bentsen’s job at some point in Mr. 
Clinton’s present term has been dis- 
rupted and possibly derailed. 

The political storm known as 
Whitewater is complicating an unac- 
knowledged but visible effort by the 
president to groom a few baby boom- 
ers tO join him in tbe most infhn»m^} 
positions in the government Devel- 
oping successors to may-bearded es- 
tablishment figures uke Mr. Berusea 
and Secretary erf State Warren Chris- 
. topber has been a Clinton priority. 

Mr. Altman’s place in a genera- 
tional transition is now in question 
His briefing of Mr. Nussbaum, the 
outgoing White House counsel, and 
other staffers on Whitewater has 

beans and creates doubts about his 
ability to survive confirmation bear- 
ings tor a cabinet job. He conducted 
the briefing in his dual capacity as 
deputy secretary at Treasury and act- 
ing head of tbe Resolution Trust Cor- 
poration, a regulatory agency that is at 
the heart of me Whitewater affair. 

The consequences of bring hemmed 
in on personnel derisions is far broad- 
er than the question of whether Mr. 
Altman gets a promotion. Mr. Qinton 
leaves an impresaon of not easily dele- 
gating responsibility or authority to 
officials he has not known for a long 
time or who have not worked their 

and Her InnercCdes that distinguish 
the Clintons’ White House. 

Mr. Altman, 47, was Mr. Clinton's . 
classmate at Georgetown University 
before becoming one of Wall Streets 
top investment bankers, like Deputy 
Secretary of State Strobe Talbott, 
also 47 and another former presiden- 
tial classmate, and Deputy National 
Security Adviser Samuel Berger. 48, 
he seemed to have been given a post 
that would prepare him to move into 
a more senior position after a few 
years of on-the-job training. 

Cabinet departments where Mr. 
Qinton does not have an intimate at 
tbe top, such as Defense; have been 
the source of many of his policy pro- 
blems in his first year. Areas in which 
he is not himself an authority or 
where he does not have someone in 
charge who holds his complete trust 
have been subject to policy logjams 
and vacillating leadership. 

He does not seem comfortable with 
the mix of drums and pros in his 
cabinet Whitewater does not make it 
easier to assemble a team with which 
he can work smoothly. 

Whitewater also makes it far hard- 
er to restore the electorate's faith in 
government a goal he adopted dur- 
ing the campaign. Questions about 
seemingly minor ethical lapses by 
people who are not only his appoin- 
tees bat also his friends loom large. 

The controversy around Mr. Alt- 
man’s White House briefing has 
stilled a once steady stream of rumors 
that Mr. Bentsen would be returning 
to Texas later this year, to be replaced 
either by Mr. Altman or by Robert 
Rubin, head of the White House's 
National Economic Council. 

The 73-year-old ex-senator could 
be an unwitting beneficiary of the 
Whitewater uproar. “However long 
Bentsen was going to stay has just 
been lengthened,” says a senior figure 
in the Democratic Party. 

“Lloyd found it appropriate to re- 
mind Altman that he was still trea- 
sury secretary and intends to be sec- 
retary for a while," says another 
prominent Democrat, noting that 
Mr. Bentsen quickly distanced him- 
self from Mr. Altman by disclaiming 
any knowledge of tbe White House 
meeting and by calling for a depart- 
mental inquiry into its circumstances. 

The negative publicity around Les 
Asp in’s forced departure from De- 
fense and the stumbling erf Boris c*... [.=. 
Yeltsin’s government in Russia may ' i ! 
be giving Warren Christopher new 
security as secretary of state as well. £ ; 

Mr. Talbott, the architect of the ad- 
ministration’s Russia policy, has be- 
come the main lightning rod at State, 
drawing away criticism previously di- 
rected at Mr. Christopher. 

None of this changes what Mr. 
Clinton would like to and may yet do. 

But the march of the baby boomers to 
the summit of the U^. govenuneni 
will probably take longer than they 
expected just a few weeks ago. 

The Washington Post. 

illU ■ 



: (r<i 


il v 



1894: Rebels Surrender 

NEW YORK —Tbe Brazilian insur- 
ants have surrendered. The Herald’s 
correspondent cabled from Rio: “At 
ten o'clock yesterday morning [March 
121 the Portuguese Minister presented 
Admiral da Gama's proposals, adfing 
Hberty for the navy officers now in 
prison, amnesty for the sailors on the 
ships, and that compromised officials 
be permitted to retire to Europe. The 
Froident replied. "The President de- 
clares that be cannot receive any pro- 
posals from persons in insurrection 
against the legal Government. They 
must surrender without conditions.’ * 

1919: Sinn Fein Visit 

LONDON — An announcement by 
De Valera, tbe Sinn Fein leader who 
recently escaped from jail in Ireland, 
that he would soon visit the United 
States has evoked a statement from 
the immigration authorities at Wash- 
ington that De Valera will be autho- 
rized to land only in case he has a 

passport such as is issued in wartime. 
The opinion expressed in America is 
that England will certainly refuse De 
Valera the necessary naoers. and if he 

should reach the United States by 
unlawful means, the American Gov- 
ernment will take measures to appre- 
hend and deliver him to the British 

1944: Ireland Off-limits 

LONDON — [From our New York 
edition:] Great Britain has clamped 
tight restrictions on travel between 
Great Britain and Northern Ireland 
and Eire in a swift aftermath to Prime 
Minister Eamon de Valera’s refusal 
to oust Axis diplomatic representa- 
tives from Eire. The British gpvem- 
oteut announced that effective imme- 
diately, “no more oermiis or visas for 
travel between the two islands will be 
granted except for business or woric 
of national importance;'' It was re- 
ported in London that this was only 
the first step decided upon in a move 
to isolate neutral Eire. 

8, ‘ 




Page 5 

Britain and Germany Head for a Showdown on the ELTs Future 

Duqu& spokesman for Foreign Minister Alain 
Juppi of France. 

The European Parliament also is in Germany's 

By Tom Buerkle 

Inientanotuil ;/mu r..i 

But officials have made it clear that Bonn is 



af aa ^ 



c « Britain dmTnhito^abX 

Eoropan integration, and a Genna^eag? 

I dection, for locl.coSl M a y d S^f 

Thursday that the a< ... 
den. Finland, Norway and Austria — rich indus- 
trial countries with a free-trade bias — would 
restore balance to a Union long geared toward Lhe 


3f the 

»t a " 



saewlsctec ’«•] 

Tstojcm i«.~ 

oton i c-v!* 

^ pt’AVjJ 

J ''V 
H-: z ‘ 

‘ S'* 


-Ti; , ,| .. 

- 11 s . hould .^ » block andthehanlerit 

shoidd be to take action." a EU diplomat said 
Gtnrnany is not without sympathy for Brio’s 

P 0 ? “ISiSSSf? *? mainuil1 Ac power of big 
state to block EU legislaiion. As the most popu- 
lous EU oouniry, it stands to gain the most if the 
power of large states is reinforced. 

agricultural interests of its Mediterranean mem- 

Moreover. German officials say. the current 
enlargement negotiations are a necessary step to- 
ward the eventual membership of Poland Hunga- 
ry and other East European countries. Their emiy 
would guarantee Germany a security buffer 
against Russia and ensure the development of 
market economies in a region -where German in- 
dustry is investing heavily, • 

“We must not allow the process of European 
Union to suffer a serious setback because of inter- 
nal problems among the old members,” 'Mr. Kin- 
kel said Thursday. ( *Nc 

ay. “No (me should be deceived — 

a failure of enlargement negotiations would lead 
to a serious crisis." 

EU officials and diplomats reported no signs of 
a breaking the deadlock ahead of a crucial meeting 
of foreign ministers here Tuesday, despite inten- 
sive German lobbying, including an extraordinary 
appeal last week oy Chancellor Helmut Kohl for 
Britain and Spain to slop obstructing the enlarge- 
ment negotiations. 

Mr. Kohl has numbers on his side. Nine of the 
12 EU members, citing a decision at the Lisbon 
summit meeting in June 1992 to main ta in the 
Union's power balance until a 1996 intergovern- 
mental conference, want the minority needed to 
block legislation raised when the four candidate 
countries enter. That would require 27 votes to 
block, which represents three large states or two 
large and two or three small ones. instead of 23 
votes currently, or two large states and one small 
one. . 

The change is needed to ensure that the Union 
can continue to take collective action as it grows, 
supporters say. “We must not make the decision- 
making process more, difficult," said Richard 

European parliament also is in Germany's 
camp, as leaders have declared they would veto die 
enlargement agreements if the blocking minority is 
left unchanged. 

But British officials maintained that the block- 

tha t tend to share the British view of the Union as 
a loose bloc linked mainly in the interest of free 

Germany, backed by the European Commis- 
sion, has offered to set up a special committee to 
review blocking power as long as the minority is 
raised to 27 votes now. But German officials insist 

ing minority cannot be altered before 1996 be- ihm any changes vriil have to await the 1996 
cause it would involve a fundamental shift in (vmfonmefe. which is desiimed to review everything 

U.S. Offers 
A Carrot 
To Pakistan 
On Arms 

power away from large states. from voting power in the council to the size . 

Spam's stance is more nuanced. calling for a ro j e 0 f the European Parliament and the commis- 
blocking minority of 23 votes when three states are gj on 

involved but 27 votes when four or more states are ^ ficials said their best hope of a solution 

m the nunonty. Because council votes are not ^ve a dispute over fishing 

determuwd strictly by population, officials point ^ between Spain and Norway, the last issue 
out that Spain, Italy and Greece ran just muster^ p Oslo's membership agreement 

votes despite having 28 percent of the population, 6 v - - 

while eight small countries in an enlarged Union 
could amass 27 blocking votes with just 12 percent 
But Spain’s real concern is preserving EU develop- 
ment and farm subsidies in a Union where power 
is shifting to the industrial north. 

The irony of Britain's position is that it threat- 
ens lo block the membership bids of four countries 

EU officials hope a victory on fish will allow 
Spain to back down on voting rights, leavmg 
Britain as the only holdout 

“1 think the British are aware that they risk 
being isolated, and 1 think they want to avoid 
that/* said one EU official, who spoke on condi- 
tion of anonymity. 



IRS Had Warning in Spy Case 

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But CIA Never Asked if Large Bank Deposits Were Made 

By Ronald J. Ostrow 

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and Robert L. Jackson 

Loj Angeles Times Service 

WASHINGTON — A suburban 
Virginia bank in which the accused 
CIA spy Aldrich Hazen Ames al- 
legedly stashed payments from the 
Russians notified the government 
of suspicious deposits, but federal 
officials never acted on the warn- 
ings, according to government 
sources. • 

Ames is alleged to have spied for ington Post reported from Wash- 
Moscow for nine years. ington. 

Mr. Ames's superiors at the CIA Thomas Borer, the embassy's le- 
became suspicious after he paid gal counsel, said federal prosecu- 
$540,000 in cash for a house in tors were attempting to determine 

* The notifications were on file at 
'the Internal Revenue Service after 
security officials from the Central 

Intdligence Agency began having 

qualms about Mr. Ames’s wealth^ 
but the CIA never asked the IRS 
whether excessive deposits by Mr. 
Ames might have been made, the 
sources said. 

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The information might have led 
to ah earlier investigation of Mr. 
Ames and his wife, Rosario. How- 
ever, it failed to reach the CIA or 
the FBI, which conducts counterin- 
telligence investigations, and both 
the House and Senate intelUgence 
committees are trying to learn why. 

At least two currency reports on 
the Ameses were filed with the IRS 
by Dominion Bank of Virginia. 
The reports were made after the 
couple deposited cash sums total- 
ing tens of thousands of dollars in 
individual amounts below 510,000, 
the normal threshold for 
such reports, the sources safe 

1989 and questioned him with, a 
polygraph about his finances, but 
they reportedly never asked the 
IRS for bank reports. Mr. Ames 
said he bought the house with mon- 
ey he inherited from his father-in- 
law, a statement that prosecutors 
said they have found to be false. 

Other warning signs, previously 
reported, were the executions or 
disappearance of at least 10 foreign 
agents cooperating with the CIA at 
a time when Mr. Ames held a high 
post in the CIA’s Soviet-East Euro- 
pean division. 

Although FBI and CIA officials 
refused to comment, other sources 
said that Virginia bank executives 
filed reports with the IRS in the 
late 1980s dr early 1990s out of 
concern, that Mr. Ames was “struc- 
turing” cash deposits to keep them 
under $10,000 apiece. 

One report, according to the 
sources, said that Mr. Ames had 
made dnosits totaling 520,000 that 
included some Italian currency. 
Mr. Ames served in Rome, from 
1986 to 1989, and allegedly re- 
ceived huge payments there from 
the Russians, before returning to 

if money from espionage, the two 
are charged with committing 
wound up in Swiss banks. If so, he 
said, the Swiss government could 
file charges. 

Although there is little likelihood 
the United States ever would put 
the Ameses in Swiss custody, the 
embassy's news heartened U S. in- 
vestigators who have been seeking 
the country’s cooperation in the 

- So far, the FBI has been unable 
to examine Swiss bank records be- 
cause the Swiss authorities have 
taken the position that the Ameses' 
alleged offense is a political crime 
agamst the United States. But now 
that the Swiss are conducting their 
own investigation, some coopera- 
tion could occur, Mr. Borer said. 

BOTTOMS OP, THUMBS DOWN — AD but on e Polish politician chose not to share dinner and a vodka toast in Warsaw with 
the Russian uhranatioDaUst, Vlndmir V. Zhurinovsky, left. TTie one who (fid was Jamsz Bryczowskf, head of a small rightist party. 

Malcolm X’s Widow Says Farrakhan Played Role in Slaying 

The bank reports represent the 
latest warning to be made public 
and peibaps toe most clear-cut sig- 
nal missed by law enforcement 

agencies in the Ames case. Mr. 

■ Swiss Open Investigation 

Swiss Embassy officials said the 
Anuses were taijgets ctf a criminal 
investigation in that country and 
that their holdings in three Swiss 
banks had been frozen. The Wash- 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK —Malcolm X’s widow says 
she believes that Louis Farrakhan, the leader 
of the Nation of Islam movement, was in- 
volved in her husband’s assassination. 

Betty Shabazz has criticized Mr. Farrak- 
han before, but has never directly accused 
him of complicity in the 1965 assassination. 

In an interview 10 be broadcast Sunday by 
WNBC-TV, Mrs. Shabazz was asked if she 
thought Mr. Farrakhan “had anything to do 
with the death of your husband.” 



“Of course, yes,” Mrs: Shabazz 
“Nobody kept it a secret It was a 
honor. Everybody talked about it 

Mrs. Shabazz wasn’t asked to elaborate. 
Telephone calls to her home Saturday went 
unanswered. i 

Leonard F. Muhammad, chief of staff for 
the Nation of Islam, denied the charge. He 
called it part of an effort “to assassinate the 
character of, cause the false and unjust im- 
prisonment of and incite the murder of Min- 

ister Louis Farrakhan and the destruction of 
the Nation of Islam.” 

Malcolm X, who had been the voice of the 
Nation of Islam under its leader, Elijah Mu- 
hammad, was exiled from the group in 1963. 

Mr. Farrakhan, who was recruited into the 
Nation of Islam by Malcolm X, wrote in the 
Dec. 4, 1964, issue of Muhammad Speaks, 
the organization's newspaper: “The die is set 

minister of the Nation of Islam's Boston 
mosque at the time. 

Malcolm X was shot to death while speak- 
ing in New York Gty on Feb. 21, 1965. 
Three black Muslims were convicted of mur- 
der. One, Thomas Hayer, remains in prison 
and has named four other men as being his 

The Nation of Islam split after Elijah 
75. Mr. Farrakhan 

Muhammad’s death in 197f 

and Malcolm shall not escape. Such a man is became leader of the smaller faction, which 
worthy of death.” Mr. Farrakhan was chief kept the group's name. 

By Eric Schmitt 

Sew York Times Service 

WASHINGTON —The Clinton 
administration is proposing that 
Congress lift the ban on U.S. mili- 
tary aid to Pakistan in return for a 
verifiable Pakistani commitment to 
halt production of nuclear weapons 

The plan, which is in the early 
stages of discussion, would allow 
Pakistan to take possession of doz- 
ens of F-I6 fighters it has already 
paid for but which were never de- 
livered because of a legislative 
roadblock known as the Pressler 

That amendment bans military 
aid to Pakistan unless the president 
can certify that Islamabad neither 
has nuclear weapons nor is trying 
to develop them. The White House 
has been unable to make that certi- 
fication for nearly four years. 

State Department officials in the 
last few weeks began meeting with 
staff members of the House For- 
eign Affairs and Senate Foreign 
Relations committees to determine 
if Congress would support the ad- 
ministration plan to repeal the 
amendment or at least seek an ex- 
emption to it Administration offi- 
cials also spoke to Pakistani offi- 
cials about I slama bad putting caps 
on its fissile materials, and allowing 
a verifiable inspection regime. 

“The idea would be to see what 
you could get in terms of limits on 
the nuclear program,” a senior ad- 
ministration official said. “It's part 
of an approach to address prolifer- 
ation in South Asia generally.” 

Officials say that the administra- 
tion proposal, which would require 
itive approval, is part of a 
policy to stem the spread of nuclear 
arms in South Asia, where India 
and Pakistan have gone to war 
three times since independence in 

In Washington, some lawmakers 
strongly oppose the administration 
proposal, arguing that it sends the 
wrong message to Third World 
countries: that the United States 
will tolerate their building small 
nuclear arsenals but not large ones. 

The proposal implicitly recog- 
nizes that Washington has faded to 
prevent Pakistan from developing 
the ability to build a nuclear weap- 
on and now is trying to constrain 
the country’s nuclear program. 

Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto 
said in November that Pakistan 
would not give up its nuclear pro- 
gram despite pressure from Wash- 

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fo r life 


Page 6 



Pretoria Controls Bophuthatswana 

Compiled by Our Staff From Oapaitha 

MMABATHO, South Africa — 
The government took control of 
Bophutbaiswana on Sunday to en- 
sure the black homeland's partici- 
pation in South Africa’s first all- 
race election next month. 

Foreign Minister R.F. Botha 
said South Africa no longer recog- 
nized Lucas Mangope as president 
of the homeland, and South Afri- 
ca’s ambassador, Ijaart van der 
Walt, was put in charge, probably 
until new leaders are chosen in the 
April 26-28 vote. 

Mr. van der Walt said that a 
return to normal life was essential 

so political campaigning could be- 
gin in a stable climate. 

He also assured- residents he 
would address the complaints that 
led to strikes and protests against 
Mr. Mangope. 

The government said Mr. Man- 
gope would be placed under army 
guard for his own "safety and pro- 
tection,” but it did not elaborate. 

Mr. Mangope had resisted let- 
ting the nominally independent 
homeland take part in the election. 

even after strikes and rioting killed 
at least 24 people last week. 

One of his top aides. Defense 
Minister Rowan Cronje, said Sun- 
day that Mr. Mangope had “ac- 
cepted the situation." 

Mr. Cronje said that Bopbuth- 
atswana did not want to be re- 
turned to South African rule, but 
officials realized they could not 
defy the government and the Afri- 
can National Congress. .Although 
Bophuthatswana is nominally in- 
dependent, it is to be reincorporat- 
ed into South Africa under the new 
constitution. The government body 

j HOMELAND: Debacle Splits Rightist Resistance 

Continued from Page 1 

the whites fled his integrated neigh- 
borhood in Mmabatho during the 
unrest, and while he expects the 
traditional comity between the 
races to recover, he said it might 
have been destroyed had the invad- 
ers stayed longer. 

Mr. Mandela said be would visit 
the homeland for the first time this 
week for a campaign rally. The rout 
of Mr. Mangope, deposed Sunday 
by the South African government, 
opened up an area of 1.8 million 
voters — out of an expected 22 
million total — who are believed to 
strongly favor Mr. Mandela. 

Perhaps the most important re- 
sult of the confrontation in Bo- 
phuthatswana was the scattering of 
the anti-election alliance. 

The white separatists are now 
fractured into two camps that had 
been, for the last few months, unit- 
ed by their demand for some kind 
of white homeland. 

One faction, led by General 
Constandt Viljoen, has argued that 
the separatists should prove their 
support by joining the elections. 

But the general has been repeatedly 
shouted down by the more belli- 
cose faction, dominated by the Af- 
rikaner Resistance Movement, 
which is roughly the Hells Angels 
of while politics. 

Friday the general lent his name 
to an armed rightist incursion to 
prop up Mr. Mangope. 

The rightists blundered into Bo- 
phuthatswana thinking they would 
be welcomed by the blade home- 
land array as liberators. The vigi- 
lantes, many from the Afrikaner 
Resistance Movement, assaulted 
innocent blacks and journalists, 
clashed with the homeland security 
forces they were supposedly there 
to assist, and ended up being es- 
corted to the dty limits by the 
South African Army. 

Saturday, with the Bophuthats- 
wana fiasco as his pretext. General 
Viljoen broke sharply with the 
more belligerent rightists and 
launched his election campaign 
with the support of several influen- 
tial stalwarts. 

The general can hope that right- 
ist voters, having been given a small 
and ignominious sample of the vio- 

lent option, will follow him on the 
political route. 

General Viijoen's campaign does 
not end the threat of white ven- 
geance. sabotage or terrorism 
aimed at halting the transition to 
majority rule. 

Indeed, after the grisly spectacle 
of three Afrikaner Resistance 
Movement vigilantes being gunned 
down by black homeland security 
forces, white separatists may be 
spoiling for revenge. 

The government has declared 52 
towns, many of them white sepa- 
ratist strongholds, unrest areas, 
giving the police unusual powers to 
detain suspects and impose cur- 

But General Viijoen's decision to 
join the dection campaign isolates 
the bellicose right and robs the fac- 
tion of its claim to speak for the 
separatist movement. 

Also isolated is Chief Buthelezi. 
the most important leader whose 
party is not on the election ballot 

But the last week has been a 
warning of the pressures that can 
be brought to bear against him if be 
tries to impede the dection. 

overseeing the election has been 
given broad authority to ensure the 
balloting takes place, and that au- 
thority is construed as allowing it 
to depose Mr. Mangope. 

Only a few white extremist 
groups and Chief Mangosuthu 
Buthelezi, head of the Zulu-based 
Inkatha Freedom Party, remain 
opposed to the April election. 
There are fears their opposition 
could bring increased political vio- 
lence and disrupt the election. 

The ANC had been pressing for 
Mr. Mangope's ouster for several 
days because he opposed participa- 
tion in the election. 

His removal also was seen as a 
warning to the Freedom Alliance, a 
grouping of pro-aparthdd whites 
and conservative blacks, such as 
Mr. Mangope, who oppose the 
dection because the ANC is ex- 
pected to win. They fear the ANC 
will trample the rights of its oppo- 
nents after the dection. 

Chid Buthelezi condemned the 

l< LONDON \\ \£ 

^ d AIRPORT + 

Air Strike 
Ordered on 
Serb Guns 
Is Canceled 

Wednesday 5:57 P.M.| 
mortars land 
and fail to explode. 


■\ (Heathrow) 

Terminal 1 

/>•; •*?/> 

Terminal 3 

' — ' \_/ 

\ r — > 

Terminal 2 

• ' v / ; / 

\ . - — - - — - 

' Terminal 4 

: *-&■ 
- * > ?! 


j-Jj . A Friday 12:07 A.M.. 4 mortars land and fall to explode. 
■ *"■ • •’ Sunday 8:30 AM., 4 mortars land, 3 in freight area 
and 1 on the roof of Terminal 4, and far! to explode. 



. v-T] 

liilrnwuonal Herald Tribune 

cruei nmuGicu waucuiuw u«. . «/-vj>rp 

AIRPORT: New Heathrow Shelling Spreads Chaos 

ISRAEL: Crackdown on 2 Jewish Extremist Groups 


brought down by violence orches- 
trated by the ANC, its Communist 
Party ally and the government 

‘There appear to be indications 
that the same strategies are being 
devised for action in KwaZulu,” 
the Zulu homeland, he said. He 
added that KwaZulu “is not Bo- 

“We are intent on seeking demo- 
cratic ways and means of reaching 
constitutional agreements.’’ 

People in Mmbatho, Bophutb- 
atswana’s capital and the neigh- 
boring business center of Mafe- 
keng reacted warily to the news 
that Mr. Mangope was out Many 
said they lacked faith that a South 
African official backed by South 
African troops would improve the 

“It’s good news because we don’t 
want Mangope,” said Geoff Moe- 
Ietsl a law student at the homeland 
university. As long as South Afri- 
ca’s multiracial Transitional Exec- 

Conthmed from Page 1 

are coming back night after night 
to thwart security forces. We have 
cowards who have secreted one or 
more derices at the airport and 
then slunk away into the night.” 

He discounted one theory based 
the fact that none of the 12' 
fired had exploded: that the 
IRA was intentionally firing duds 
to prove what it could do without 
incurring worldwide wrath from 
killing innocent people. He said 
that all the devices were “potential- 
ly viable” and contained explo- 
sives, suggesting that they had 
failed to detonate because of de- 

After the morning attack, one of 
the two runways was dosed for live 
hours and 15 minutes, and Termi- 
nal 4 was evacuated while a search 
was conduaed for more shells. 
Eight incoming flights, in cluding 
s ana 

Continued from Page 1 

to the negotiations on Palestinian 
self-rule. Mr. Rabin departs for a 
visit to the United States this week. 

Moshe Negbl a commentator on 
Israeli law, said the effectiveness of 
the measure would depend on its 
enforcement by the police and 
army. “This is' the critical ques- 
tion,” he said. “If there is no deter- 
mination to enforce it, the declara- 
tion is useless.” 

He added, “So far, we did not 
see, I must say, determination of 
law enforcement to enforce the 

Mr. Negbi said leaders of the 
organizations could be sentenced 
to up to 20 years in prison. 

“If you just outlaw the organiza- 
tions and you do nothing, it’s al- 
most not a Wow.” said Professor 

Ehud Sprinzak of Hebrew Univer- 
sity. “If you follow that by closing 
the offices, and confiscating mate- 
rials and printing machines and 
make it almost impossible for these 
people to act, to publicize, to pro- 
pagandize, then, of course, it’s a 
beginning.” He said that if then 
they are put in jafl, “then it would 
be a major blow.” 

“In general” he said, “it can be 
easily done.” 

According to Professor Sprin- 
zak, author of a book about the rise 
of the radical right in Israel Mr. 
Kahane was the first to introduce 
Jewish violence and ri giian tism 
into the complex relations between 
Jews and Arabs in the Israeli-occu- 
pied West Bank. Professor Sprin- 
zak said that Mr. Kahane was a 
racist against Arabs, denouncing 

_ .... . . . .. four from the United States 

unve Council u involved, be said, , ran!ul wm diverted to other air- 
then it s fine. 

Mr. Mangope, who had been 
president since Bophuthatswana 
was declared independent in 1977. 
as part of a program to relegate 

ports in England, and 30 outgoing 

jghts were canceled. 

Traffic around the airport was 
snarled for stiles during the day on 
Sunday, and delays in other termi- 
nals ran into hours. Te rminal I, 
filled with evacuees from Terminal 
4, was jammed with piles of luggage 
and exhausted and anxious travel- 

Shortly after the attack, the po- 
lice found a launcher, a metal rack 
with five 18-inch cylindrical tubes. 
It had been buried in a hole three to 
four feet deep and covered with 
plywood and dirt and grass in a 

C of scrubland 70 to 80 feel 
d a perimeter fence south of 
the airport. 

Commissioner Condon said that 
the mortars had been triggered bya 
timer. A simil ar device was found 
on the launcher used in the second 
attack, which was above ground in 
a wooded area next to the main 
highway running just south of the 
airport. The first launcher was po- 
sitioned in the back of a stolen car 
in the parking lot of a hold about 
400 yards from the runway where 
the shells landed. 

The commissioner said it was be- 
lieved that all three had been plant- 
ed at the same time in early or 

Privately, the police say that pro- 
viding airtight security, while al- 
lowing the airport to function, is an 
impossible task. “This is a huge 
area,” said an official at Scotland 
Yard. “It’s 10 miles by 10 miles. 
There’s more than nine miles of 
perimeter fence. Anything could be 
.buried out there. You could stop it 
if you cut off all access to the air- 
port, but dearly you can’t do that.” 

The British press on Sunday, 
even before the latest attack, gave 
full vent to the idea of calling in 
troops to guard the airport perime- 
ter road and patrol lounges with 
drawn weapons. This was done 
during the Gulf War in 1991, but it 
is a drastic step for the government, 
which is loath to hand a propagan- 
da victory to the IRA and to deploy 
highly visible security that might 
scare away tourists. 

them as “cancer, cancer, cancer in 
the midst of us.” He once submit- 
ted a bill to Israel's parliament to 

completely separate Jews and non- _ r _ r .^. x 

Kach picked up steam in the ear- day to participate in thed^on. WALDHEIM: Role in Atrocities VOTE: 


ly 1980s, and Mr. Kahane was 
elected to the parliament in 1984. 
Kadi’s message was simple: Evict 
Arabs from the Jewish state. Pro- 
fessor Sprinzak said many of the 
people who supported it were “at- 
tracted to the party because its 
anti-establishment posture appeals 
to their immense social bitterness 
and political alienation.” 

Although Mr. Kahane was 
barred from the parliamentary 
election in 1988. his activists were 
particularly strong in Kiryat Arba, 
a settlement with a history or ideo- 
logical activism located near He- 


But his concession came only af- 
ter his security forces had begun 
backing ANC protesters. Even so, 
he agreed only to run himself and 
did not pledge to allow others to 
campaign in Bophuthatswana. 

Trouble continued elsewhere 
Sunday as thousands of rival blacks 
turned a political rally into tense, 
armed confrontation. State radio 
said four people were killed, three 
of them m clashes between rival 

Continued from Page 1 

Waldheim's defense against these 
charges and finds them duplicitous 
. or unconvincing. 

' The principal author of the re- 
port was Neal M. Sher, former di- 
I rector of the Justice Department’s 
, Office of Special Investigations, 
which handles all cases involving 
suspected Naa war criminals or 
collaborators. Mr. Sher is now 

obtained the report’s release -n ov • * 

through a Freedom of Information 1x0 til JtCUTY OfcUlS 
Act lawsuit be filed on behalf of 
It shows that Mr. 

ANC and Inkatha supporters, after J president of the American-Israd 
the police had apparently defused Public Affairs Committee. 

the immediate crisis in a stadium in 
the Natal port of Durban. 

(AP, Reuters ) 

“1 would call it a very well done 
prosecution brief.” said David Yla- 
deck, the Washington lawyer who 

two writers. 

Meese bad ample legal grounds for 
barring Mr. Waldheim from the 
United States, Mr. Vladeck said, 
but whether it proves Mr. Wald- 
heim is personally guilty of war 
crimes is debatable. 

Carl Stern. U.S. Justice Depart- 
ment spokesman, said the depart- 
ment released the document after 
years of fighting to keep it secret 
because Attorney General Janet 
Reno has relaxed the department’s 
secrecy guidelines. 



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THE NETHERLANDS : 06 0221155, SPAIN : 900 99 31 19, SWITZERLAND : 155 11 75, UK: 0800 897 121, ORFAXINT. 31-20 606 54 54. 

Continued from Phge 1 

Schrdder said after computer pro- 
jections from early returns made 
the trend dear. 

“1 accept responsibility for the 
defeat,” said his Christian Demo- 
cratic opponent, Christian Wulff, a 
34-year-old lawyer from Osna- 

Mr. KohL in his own campaign 
appearances, pointed to Mr. 
Schroder’s alliance between Soda! 
Democrats and Greens as a warn- 
ing of the left-leaning, unrealistic 
politics he said a national victory 
by the Social Democrats would 
bring to Bonn. 

The Greens, a West German par- 
ty that recently merged with its 
East German counterpart. Alliance 
90. decided at a national conven- 
tion last month to strive for the 
eventual abolition of the North At- 
lantic Treaty Organization and the 
German Army if they came into 
power. Mr. Sc’harping,' who is run- 
ning well ahead of Mr. Kohl in 
national public opinion polls, re- 
fuses to Lalk about setting up a 
coalition before the election and 
says he wants to run the govern- 
ment not just be a part of iL 

Mr. Schroder, for his part, said 
that the Greens in Lower Saxony 
had not got much in his way when 
he committed the stale govern- 
ment’s prestige to keeping a jet 
fighter aircraft company in his ju- 
risdiction and to pushing for indus- 
trial growth to save jobs. 

Far-Right Party 
Showing Gains in 
Austria Elections 


VIENNA — Austria's far-right 
Freedom Party, which calls for re- 
strictions on immigration, made 
gains Sunday in provincial elec- 
tions. early projections showed. 

The news agency Austria Presse- 
Agentur said the panv. led by Jorg 
Haider, had increased its share of 
the vote in the three provinces 
holding elections. Tirol Salzburg 
and Carimhia, by an average of 
more than 2.5 percent over the last 
elections, in 1989. 

The Social Democrats and the 
conservative Peoples Party both 
lost votes according to early tnili^ 
Austria Presse-Agentur said. 

It put conservative losses at over 
4 percent, twice as high as losses for 
the Social Democrats. The two par- 
ties are coalition partners in gov- 
ernment at the federal level. 

Compiled bv Our Stuff From Dispad to 

SARAJEVO; Bosnia-Herzegovi- 
na — Planes from the North Atlan- 
tic Treaty Organization were or- 
dered to strike at Bosnian Serbs 
firing at French troops, but the raid 
was called off Sunday after the Ser- 
bian guns fell silent. 

The attack order, coming less 
than two weeks after NATO planes 
downed four Bosnian Serbian 
fighters, demonstrated United Na- 
tions resolve to protect UN ground 
troops. But the decision to rescind 
the strike after the Serbs stopped 
firing — poor visibility also played 
a role — also showed that NATO 
sought to avoid confrontation. 

The UN special envoy, Yasushi 
Akashj, ordered NATO planes to 
strike at Serbian positions near Bi- 
hac in northwest Bosnia foDowing 
attacks on French troops Saturday, 
UN officials said. A French soldier 
was killed in Lbe area Friday. Bat 
the Serbs withdrew before the 
planes could attack. 

Elsewhere, UN military observ- 
ers braved Serbian artillery Fire on 
Sunday to enter the Muslim town 
of Maglaj in northern Bosnia. 
NATO jets flying low over the 
town apparently prompted Serbian 
gunners to stop a barrage and allow 
the observers to enter the town for 
the first time in nine mouths. 

The UN observers will report on " 
the situation in Maglaj, where the ~~ 
Serbs have been blocking UN food 
aid since October. The town has 
borne the brant of fighting in Bos- 
nia since cease-fires went into ef- 
fect between Serbs and Muslims in 
Sarajevo and between Croats and 
Muslims elsewhere in Bosnia. 

In another step forward in the 
peace process, Bosnia's Muslims 
and Croats agreed Sunday to estab- 
lish a federation in Bosnia. The 
accord came after 10 days of tafU 
at the U-S. Embassy in Vienna. The 
final agreement is due to be signed 
in Washington at the end of the 
week. A U.S. mediator, Charles E 
Redman, said the next stage would 
be to bring the Bosnian Serbs into 
an overall peace settlement 

The federation package includes 
a constitution, a presidency, a fed- 
eral government an assembly and 
a decentralized cantonal system. 
The number of cantons was not 

Bosnian Serbian leaders have 
turned a cold shoulder to sugges- 
tions that they join the federation. 
But a Russian envoy. Vitali I. 
Churkin, said there could be a 
place for the Serbs in the federation , 
if the plan were broadened into an 
overall peace settlement 

UN officials said Sunday that 
the air strike was ordered after a 
Serbian tank fired at a French ar- 
mored vehicle near Bihac, and Bos- 
nian Serbs fired on French posi- 
tions machine guns and ami- 
aircraft guns. 

John Jeffery, a NATO spokes- 
man in Naples, said the French 
peacekeepers asked for the air sup- 
port late Saturday. Two U.S. AC- 
130 gunships based in Italy were 
sent on an attack mission but UN 
controllers called off the strike two 
hours later, after the ground fire 

Prime Minister Edouard Baha- 
dur of France and his defense min , 
ister, Fran$oi5 Leotard inspected 
troops in the area Sunday. 

The Belgrade-based Tan jug news 
agency said the Bosnian Serbian 
commander. Genera] Rotko Mla- 
dic. had complained in a letter to 
Mr. Akashi that the French peace- 
keepers were protecting Muslim 
forces and that “a self-defense ac- 
tion by our soldiers thus could haw 
serious consequences” for the 
French troops. 

There were these related devel- 
opments Sunday: 

• Guarded by French armored i 
vehicles, thousands of Sarajevans, 
regardless of religion, jammed th^. 1 
city’s main cemetery Sunday, 
which opened on a Muslim holiday, 
for the first time in nearly two years’ 

of war. The Bare cemetery, located 
on a hillside north of the city, had 
been closed since April 19921 

• Traffic rules returned to Sara- 

jevo amid curses and confusion as 
residents who survived snipers by 
driving fast found themselves ad- 
monished to slow down and stay on 
tire right side of the road. As Sara- 
jevo settles into the Fifth week of a 
cease-fire, streetcars were in service 
along the city's main east-west 
thoroughfare on Sunday and warm 
weather saw scores of sidewalk ca- 
fes opening. (AP, Reuters! 

CHINA: A New Approach 

Continued from Page 1 

end the era of cool relations that 
began with the harsh repression of 
democracy demonstrators in in 
June 1989. Until then, the trade 
privileges were granted without de- 
bale, although China's repressive 
practices were, if anything, tougher 
than now. Mr. Christopher alluded 
to the importance or the 1989 
crackdown, with its images of tanks 
routing democracy demonstrators, 
in creating an adverse mood. “That 
tragedy put the Congress and the 
American people in quite a differ- 
enUrame of mind about China.” he 

Officials traveling wiih Mr. 
Cltnstopher said he mentioned the 
possibility of pushing trade threats 
aside in his three meetings with top 
Chinese officials: Sunday, with 
President Jiang Zemin, and Satur- 

day with Prime Minister Li Peng 
and Foreign Minister Qian Qichen. 
He discussed the offer in particular 
detail with Mr. Qian, a State De- 
partment official said. 

Chinese officials have yet to re- 
spond directly to Mr. Christopher's 
offer. U.S. officials said. The Chi- 
nese have generally sounded notes 
of defiance by insisting that Beij- 
ing. not Washington, will set hu- 
man rights policy in China. “MFN 
is not a favor granted one country 
to another. It is not a one-way 
street.” said Wu Jianimn. the For- 
eign Ministry spokesman. “To ap- 
ply sanctions and link the trade 
issue should be abandoned.” 

Mr. Jiang, in his meeting with 
Mr. Christopher, tried to lake the 
edge off the looming showdown. 
He repealed an old Cmnese saying. 
“You have to fight before you be- 
come friends.” 




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The most important 

people in the 
Chinese economy 
would like to meet 
the most influential 
people from the 
world’s multinationals 

The International Herald Tribune and the State 
Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems of China 
are inviting the world’s business leaders to an unprecedented 
three-day Summit meeting on China’s economic reform. 

Its aim is to foster a dialogue as well as business 
development opportunities at the highest levels amongst the 
leaders of the Chinese government and the global business 

The Summit, “The Socialist Market Economy of the 
People’s Republic of China, 1994 - 2000: Implications for 
Global Business” will be held in Beijing on May 11th, 12th and 
13th of this year. 

Participating will be the major figures of the 
Government of China as well as key provincial government 
and state industry leaders. It will be a rare opportunity to hear 
and personally meet the people who are driving China’s 
economic direction into the next millennium. 

As you would expect with an event of this stature, it 

will be a closed-door conference and will not be open to the 
general public. 

The International Herald Tribune is inviting a limited 
number of the largest multinational corporations with a stake 
in the future of the Chinese economy to participate as Summit 
Sponsors. There will be 3 levels of sponsorship: Summit, 
Corporate and Supporting. Each will offer a comprehensive 
communications package consisting of conference-related 
benefits and advertising in the International Herald Tribune 
and a leading Chinese-language daily newspaper. The deadline 
for registration is March 15th. 

For a complete information package, please fax 
Mr. Richard McClean, Publisher, at +33 (1) 46372133. Or call 
+33 (1) 46379301. 

The International Herald Tribune China Summit. It will 
prove to be the major business event of 1994 for China, for 
Asia and for the 
companies participating. 


rvsustso wi« ns w root tpag and ra waswcton met 

the international herald tribune china summit. 

6)007} O.Q. fit 

H- I 

Page 8 


Rating the World’s Best Restaurants: 


i With this page on Spain, thelHTs restaurant 
\ critic, Patricia Wells, continues to rate the world’s 
top restaurants, and to compile a list of the Tap 
j 10. Each month features a different destination. 
■ A companion report focuses on more casual and 
affordable restaurants. In future months we will 
: look at restaurants in Britain, Itafy, Germany 
• and more. If you would like to slurs your favorites 

with Patricia Wells, please write her at the IHT. 

The Top Tables 

• No. 1: Zuberoa, Barrio Iturriaz (Ihirriotz in 
Basque) 8, Oyaizun (Oiartzun), 13 kilometers 
east of San Sebasti&n; teh (43) 49-12-28. 

• No. 2: H Racd de Can Fabes, Sant Joan 6, 
San Cdoni (Sam Celoni in Catalan), 50 kilome- 
ters north of Barcelona); teh (3) 867-28-51. 

• No. 3: Aizak, Alto de Muacruz 21, San 
Sehastiin; teh (43) 27-84-65. 

International Herald Tribune 

ERTAINLY the best sign of a good 
meal is one's instant desire to return. 




R 1 hadn't spent more than five min- 
utes in the gentle country dining 
room of Zuberoa, a short drive from San Sebas- 
ti&n, the Spanish Basque city, when I found 
myself already plotting a return trip. 

I can’t ima gin e anyone being unhappy in this 
600-year-old farmhouse, with its huge terrace 
overlooking a vast ex- 
panse of green, rolling 
hills , its stone walls, and 
. ^ its cool blue and white 

decor, attentively at- 
J^y tended by ladies in crisp 
black and white 
Of course, it's a fam- 
dr ^ ily affair, with Hflakio 

Arbelaitz deftly han- 
dling the old coal-burning cast-iron stove, 
brother Jose Mari working his magic with the 
exquisite pastries, and brother Eusebio calmly 
directing the dining room. 

The food here is from the heart, thoroughly 
Basque and brilliantly o riginal. The meal could 
open with a perfect, single fresh anchovy, split 

r and marinated in fragrant extra-virgin 
ofl and a touch of vinegar, then topped 
with a sparkling fresh salsa of cubed fresh 
tomatoes, celery and green pepper. Chef Arbe- 
laitz’s idea of a salad might be fresh langous- 
tines split and grilled to a caramelized edge, set 

8006-peseta ($56) tasting menu. A la carte, 4,200 
to 6,200 pesetas , including service but not wine. 

El Racd de Can Fabes, a half-hour’s drive 
north of Barcelona, presents pleasing contrasts. 
The decor is old ana rustic, the emsine modem, 
slightly wacky, exceptionally energetic. Chef 
Santi Santamaria is dedicated to promoting 
the cooking of Spam, particularly nis native 
Catalan cuisine. He is clearly not content with 
his Micbehn two-star status, and is considered a 
serious contender for the top rating. 

Crane to this wood-beamed former tavern for 
a gastronomic feast, and don’t be in a hurry. A 
tasting meal might begin with a pair of poached 
quail eggs set on a bed of espardenyes, a newly 
prized variety of sea cucumber wet has long 
been eaten by Catalan fishermen, and a sweet, 
finely textured delicacy worth seeking out when 
dining in the region. 

Santamaria’s passion for mid mushrooms 
and black truffles is carried from kitchen to 
table, as with his nobly textured royal de trufas, 
a new rendition on a classic royale (a creamy 
poached custard-like mixture) incorporating 
rich truffle cream with a layer of diced, fresh 
truffles. Chef Santamaria’s chicken consomme 
— consomi de gaOina — made me want to run 
to the kitchen and begin preparing a kettle of 
consommi,* while his pulpitas con habas, minia- 
ture crunchy baby octopus topped with Liny 
fresh lava beans, offered the epitome of pure, 
unadorned flavors and textures. 

He has become famous for his ravioli de 
gambas — a carpaccio of the freshest baby 
shrimp molded upon a “fining" of pureed, 
sauteed wild mushrooms and showered with 
chives and parsley — though I have my doubts 
about its validity. The dish lacks a legitimate 

Gcngei ButoC (Ca fTridre. H IUc6i: Derrick Ccyne (Zdbm). Kcnc-Mdp MstoMpacr Fftnc^Prenc Tor ihe IHT 

Clockwise from top left: Pastry chef Nuria with her father , Isidre Girones, in Ca C Isidre kitchen. ; Zuberoa dining 
room; Chef Santi Santamaria and his wife outside El Racd de Can Fabes; Jean-Pierre Vandelle of El Olivo. 

destination; Truly fresh shrimp have such a 
sweet flavor and a texture of pillowlike fluffi- 
ness when cooked, it seems wrong to denature 
them by serving than, basically, raw. 

Yet he redeems himself with a finely gamy 
becasse (woodcock), served with an -original and 
refreshing salad of radish greens and baby tur- 
nips. His cellar bolds some true, exciting trea- 
sures, including a sparkling cava (Recaredo Brut 
de Bruts), an extraordinary 1985 Cabernet Sau- 
vignon (D. O. Costers dd Segre), and a sweet 
closer, MoscateU Casta Diva from Alicante. 

Closed Sunday dinner, Monday, first two 
weeks in February and in July. A la carte, 6,400 
to 7,500 pesetas, including service but not wine 

The seaside town of San Sebastian has more 
to offer than true character, an innate charm 
and a fabulous market It also has Juan Mari 
Aizak, whose Aizak is only the second restau- 

rant in Spain to be honored with a third Miche- 
lin star. (The first was Madrid's Zalacain.) 

Arzak is situated in an dd house on the main 
road leading into town, and much like San 
Sebastian itself, the walls all but speak with a 
natural style of homegrown elegance. And 
while Arzak's food can certainly make one turn 
cartwheels, I found a very certain lack of enthu- 
siasm in the kitchen, enough to keep it from the 
very top of the list. What’s more, tables are too 
dosely spaced, and service is lackluster. 

That said. I'd go back any day to savor this 
carefully considered cuisine, marriages of fla- 
vors and ingredients that are neither totally 
obvious nor willfully reckless. The most earth- 
shaking dish of a series of samplings was a 
combination erf langous lines, woodsy, fresh 
morel mushrooms and just a spoonful of palate- 
awakening almond puree. The woods, the sea, 
the orchard never saw happier companions, as 

the dynamic identities of the mushroom and the 
crustacean hdd their own, and the haunting 
almond flavor flattered them even more. 

I was equally enchanted by bis expertly 
cooked meriu, or hake, served in two sauces; a 
leading-role sauce of black, cuttlefish ink and 
another a rich, intense, almost unctuous onion 
puree. It’s food that appears simple on the 
palate, yet the results come about only through 
a laborious series of refinements. Arzak creates 
a wild pigeon salad, offering rosy pigeon breast 
on a bed of green and white pasta swirled with 
strips of zucchini, mushrooms and snips of 
ham; roasts the rare baby ortolan simple and 
neat; and offers an exquisite puff pastry layered 
with fresh bones and creams. 

Closed Sunday dimer. Mondidr, the last two 
weeks in June and November , 7 J 00-peseta tast- 
ing menu. A la carte 6,000 to 7,400 pesetas, 
including service but not wine 


The followingls an evolving list of the 10 best 
restaurants in die world ana the 10 best casual 
restaurants, based on reporting so far. The list 
includes reviews on Hong Kang, Tokyo, the Unit- 
ed States, France the Benelux countries and 
With each monthly report the list may 
as restaurants are re-evaluated on a 
scale and new competition comes on board. 

The Top Tables 

• No. 1: JoSI Robuchon, 59 Avenue Ray- 
mond-Poincart, Paris 16, teh 47-27-12-27. 

• No. 2. Lai Cfafeag: Hem, The Regent, Salis- 
bury Road, Hong Kong, teh 721-1211. 

• No. 3. Le Louis XV-Alain Docasse, H6td 
de Paris, Place du Casino, Monte Carlo, teL- 92- 

• No. 4: Kh-Cho (Ktebo), Cbou-ku, Ginza 1- 
11-2, Tsukamoto Sazan Building, (Bl, base- 
ment), Tokyo, teL 3535-3600. 

■ No. 5: Jim, Chuo-ku, Ginza 4-2-15, Tsuka- 
moto Sazan Building (Bl, basement), Tokyo, 
teh 3535-6000. 

• Nd <fc Guy Savoy, 18 RueTroyon, Paris 17, 
teL 43-804041. 

o No. 7: TaDevert, 15 Rue Lamennais, Paris 
8 teL 45-63-96 01 and 4541-12-90. 

• No, & Restaurant Daniel, 20 East 76tfa 
Street, New York, teL (212) 288-0033. 

• Nb. 9: Comme Chez Sot, Race Rouppe 23; 
Brussels, teh 512-29-21. 

• No. 10: Zuberoa, Barrio Iturriaz (Iturriotz 
in Basque) 8, Oyaizun (Oiartzun), Spain, teh 
(43) 49-12-28 

Casual Dining 

• No. 1: A1 Foma, 577 South Main Street. ' 
Providence, Rhode Island, tel: (401) 273-9767. 

• No. 2: La Trqrina, 6 Forte de la Monnaie, ; 
Bordeaux, let 56-91-56-37. 

• No. 3: Frootera GriS, 445 North Clark, ’ 
Chicago, tel: (312) 661-1434. 

• No. 4; Victoria City Seafood Restammt, 
Sun Hung Kai Centre, Wancfaai, Hong Kong, 
teh 827-9938 

• No. 5: Gty Chin Chow Restamaat, East * 
Ocean Centre, 98 Granville Road, Tsim Sha 
Tsui East, Kowloon, Hong Kong, teL 7234226 

• No 6: Le Quafiteon, 6 Rue de Chevreuse, 
Paris 6, tel: 43-204343. 

• No. 7: Ca PIsidre, Les Flora 12, Barcelona; 
let 441-1139. 

• No. 8: Vrokfiana, Juan de Mena 14, Madrid, 
let 5234478 

• No. 9: A la Table des GtriBoux, 17-19 Rue 
de la Resistance. L-4996 Schouwdler, Luxem- 
bourg. teh 37-00-08 

• No. l(h Cate CrocodOe, 354 East 74th 
Street, New York, teh (212) 2494619. 

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. 13 ; 


International Herald Tribune 

I T HAS been said for so long, it has become a dichfc. Spanish 
food is the most underrated in the world. Qkh6 or not, we 
should all keep on saying it, for Spraish fare could and should 
stand proudly next to those erf its overexposed neighbors. 
France and Italy. 

Who can top Spain for quality, freshness and inventiveness with 
Grit and shellfish? Who makes better, more luscious or unctuous 
ham? Few cuisines can improve on Spam's use of red peppers, 
almonds, anchovies, salt cod, dives or olive cdL 
They don't have an extensive inventory of cheeses, but Spaniards 
can turn out a pretty spectacular sheep’s milk cheese. Who even 
knows that Spanish sral harbors some of the world’s finest black 
truffles? And their wines are quite spectacular, too. Not to mention 
all the virtues of the Mediterranean diet. 

So what’s wrong with the picture? Spain already has a food-eager, 
even food-obsessed, populace — an essential foundation for a 
consolidated, flourishing cuisine. It also has a growing band of 
young, deservedly chauvinistic chefs out beating their pots and pans 
for the cause. 

What Spanish cuisine lacks is ambassadors: quality Spanish 
restaurants abroad, a healthier tourist industry. Around the world, 
ask the man on the street, and the only food he’ll connect with Spain 
is paella. 

Meanwhile, go to Spain and see for yourself. Open your palates to 
ultra-fresh fish and shellfish grilled simply, then topped with garlic 
and oil; to rustic slices of bread scrubbed with tomatoes and topped 
with anchovies; to lapas bar potatoes bathed in a spicy aioIL 
Tour Barcelona’s covered market and stop at the Bar Pinocho for 
a bracing espresso, a breakfast of thinly sliced, grilled artichokes, 
fresh-from-tn e-fishmonger’s langousunes, sweet and sheeriy deca- 
dent fried sweets. 

The single caveat is to remember that the Spaniards will pay any 
price for fresh fish. So be sure to calculate the price before you order, 
particularly on shellfish priced by weight Or, like certain impulsive 
customers, you’ll end up paying up to SI 00 for a angle rosy spider 
crab, or gentolla. But whata delicious, meaty, succulent spider crab it 


Ecolede Gastronomes Francaise 

The Ultimate French Cooking School 

Located in the prestigious Paris Ritz. 

For cooking enthusiasts and professionals. 

One- to 12-week certificate and diploma courses 
in cooking, bread and pastry making, wine and table service. 

Demonstration classes 

Monday through Thursday from 3 to 5:30 p-m. 
Alternate Tuesday evenings 6:30 to 9 p Jn. 

Last Saturday each month from 10 a.m. to 12g0 p-m. 
Gift Certificates available. 

All courses are taught in French and English. 

To receive a 1994 brochure and details of the monthly 
demonstration programs, please call or write: 

Hotel Ritz 

15, Place Vendomc, 75041 Paris, Ccdex 01, France 
TeL: (+33 I ) Fare (+33 1)40.15-07.65 


• No. 1: Ca flsidre, Les Flors 12, Barce- 
lona; teh 4414139. 

•No. 2; Yirnfiaua, Juan de Mena 14, 
Madrid, teh 5234478 

• No. 3: H CHivo, 1 General Gallegos at 
comer of Juan Ram6n Jimenez, Madrid, 
teh 359-1535. 

international Herald Tribune 

O VER a series of visits to Spain, 
Barcelona's Ca Dsidre stands 
out above the rest A small fam- 
ily restaurant run by the purely 
professional and outgoing Isidre Girones 
and his daughter, Nuria, it offers a true 
cuisine of the market, as the intense, dark- 
eyed Isidre scours the lively Boqueria cen- 
tral market each morning, handpicking the 
tiniest of whitebait for deep-frying, the 
freshest Spanish artichokes, the high- 
grade pork Iran that's cured like ham, and 
the firm doves of garlic that go into his 
seamless, eggless aioli. 

I think of this compact, bistro-sized res- 
taurant — with its ensp white linens, and 

walls lined with artwork — as a classy 
cocoon for gourmands. Serious eaters 
come alone, tuck white napkins beneath 
their chins, and carefully savor every mor- 
sel, in silence. 

Don’t miss a chance to sample Isidre’s 
fideos, tiny vermicelli pan-fried in oil then 
baked in broth until a nutty flavor domi- 
nates. Served sizzling hot, with an aioli 
made only of garlic, lemon juice and olive 
oil, it's enough to console you for a week. 

Equally dramatic is lsidre’s version of 
blistering baby eels as fine as spaghetti. 

fragrant with garlic and a hint of not pep- 
per. Close your eyes and search out tire hint 
of the iodine tang of the sea. They’re slight- 
ly crunchy, al dente, and served with a tiny 
wooden fork — better to swirl the baby 
eels, better not to bum the palate. 

There are great renditions, too, of espar- 
denyes (the rare tiny sea cucumbers) simply 
grilled; a soothing marriage of baby fava 
beans, fresh mint and cuttlefish; and 
daughter Nuria's extraordinary rum-mari- 
nated and sautted apple dessert 

Closed Sundays, holidays and August. A 
la carte. 4,450 to 5,500 pesetas (S 37 to $45), 
including service but not wine. 

Vkkfiana, named after Luis Bunud’s 
1961 film, is as one woald expect, a place of 
passion and controversy. If you're in the 
mood for explosive, sometimes wild, but 
generally well-executed fare, then head 
straight to tins popular Madrid restaurant 
run by Abraham Garda, a self-educated 
chef who also serves as a local film expert 
and critic 

Dining here is a bit like getting on a 
roller coaster and just letting the car rip, 
but what a ride! Often, it takes just that 
margin of zaniness for a chef to come up 
with such mercuric combinations as foie 
gras preserved with the powerfully nutty 
Pedro Ximenez sherry, served on a slice of 
brioche and imbibed with more dark, syr- 
upy sherry; or toast lopped with sorrel 
cream, green tomatoes and a duet of an- 
chovies — one cured in vinegar, the other 

in salt. Delicious, both, and equally inven- 

Chef Garcia turns classic with a < 
Andalusian combination of thinly 
oranges, red onions, salt cod, oil and black 
olives; and then tames the palate with tiny 
cloudlets of sweet sea bass set on a cabbage 
leaf and adeptly cooked in a young caber- 
net wine sauce. The wine list is extensive 
and expertly conceived, covering every 
nook of the wine-making world. 

Closed Sunday, holidays and August. A la 
carte, 3J50 to 5250 pesetas, including ser- 
vice but not wine. 

Theme restaurants generally end up 
looking like little more than a theme with- 
out a motive. But El Otrvo — devoted to 
chef-owner Jean-Pierre Vandelie’s passion 
for olive oil — uses the golden liauid as a 
serious foundation. There's a rolling cart 
offering more than 70 Mediterranean olive 
0 Q 5 and a bar stocked with more than 100 
varieties of sherry. 

Like the cuisine of Abraham Garcia, 1 
found VandeHe’s food exciting, stimulat- 
ing, and wildly creative (His passions took 
him through 32 different tones of green, to 
get the right one for panning his restau- 

The best of many dishes sampled was his 
quartet of salt cod, which indudes a 
smooth brandade; a version in which the 
fish was shredded and pan-fried with gar- 
tic; another bathed in a vibrant red sauce 

He grills monkfish simply, a la plancha, 
and serves it with a rid) black-olive sauce; 
creates a lively lobster salad set on a bed of 
warm pasta tossed with tarragon and cher- 
vil in a zesty vinaigrette; and scrambles 
eggs with bits of mood sausage, topped 
with just-fried shoestring potatoes. 

Don’t miss his rich and ethereally tex- 
tured chocolate marquesa, a blend of dark 
chocolate, cream, egg whites and sugar. 

Closed Sunday, Monday and August. 
Menu at 3.750 pesetas. A la carte, 4,450 to 
5200 pesetas, including service but not wine. 



The United Stales and The 
Mexican Revolution 

By John S. D. Eisenhower. 393 
pages. $27.50. Norton. 

Reviewed by 
Robert E. Quirk 

S INCE his retirement as a briga- 
dier general, John Eisenhower 
has successfully launched a new 
career as a historian, focusing on 
U. S. military operations. He 
brings to each work a thorough 

comprehension of overall strategy 
and tactics. 

In an earlier book, “So Far From 
God," he dealt with the first Ameri- 
can military intrusion into Mexico 
during the 1840s. The 19th-century 
Americans, depreciating their 
southern neighbors as an inferior 
people of mixed blood, justified 
their hostile actions by pro claiming 
a Manifest Destiny to expand into 
their lands. Subsequently. Ameri- 
can troops were used on a number 
of occasions in other Latin-Ameri- 
can countries — Haiti. Cuba, Santo 
Domingo, Nicaragua. As Eisen- 
hower shows m tus latest volume, 
Woodrow Wilson dispatched 

troops to more countries in the 
hemisphere than any other Ameri- 
can chief executive. The former 
head of Princeton University 
vowed that he would teach the Lat- 
in Americans a lesson in democra- 
cy. Two of these operations are the 
subject of this book. 

Woodrow Wilson and Victor- 
iano Huerta had come to the presi- 
dencies of their respective coun- 
tries almost simultaneously. While 
the American had been fredy elect- 
ed, however, the Mexican general 
had seized power after the constitu- 
tional president, Francisco Made- 
ra, was murdered. Wilson never 
forgot the difference. On March 1 1, 


By Alan Truscott 

B arry rjgal's first book 

“Improve Your Bridge Judg- 
ment," available from Barclay 
Bridge Supplies, wfl] be of value to 
all players out of the beginner 

reader is shown one hand, 
and invited to make the required 
derisions in bidding and play. On 
the diagramed deal the South hand 
is offered, and the author makes a 
good case for a response of one no- 
trump. After a reverse of two dia- 
monds. the two-spade bid shows 
maximum values for the earlier one 
no-trump bid and strength in 

North should perhaps bid three 
no-trump at this point, saving a 
round of bidding. The opening lead 
against three no-trump is tire bean 
two, and South appears to have a 
guess. This is true in the abstract. 

but in the context, as Riga! points 
out. the king is the right play. If 
South can win the first trick, he is 
well on the way to nine tricks. But if 
he plays the jack and loses to the 
ace, a shift to spades witi hurt him. 
With this spade layout, the shift 
would be to the spade ten. 

When the heart king, wins. South 
must deride how to tackle clubs. If 
he needed five tricks from the suit 
be would play the ace and king in 
the hqpe of collecting a doubleton 
queen. But here he is willing to lose 
one club trick, since it is wildly 
unlikely that the defenders can take 
four heart tricks. 

So the winning play at the sec- 
ond trick is to cash the dub ace and 
lead a low dnb from dummy. This 
guards against the chance that 
West has a singleton club, for 
South’s jack is then sure to score. 
South makes four club tricks, three 

diamond tricks and a trick in each 
major suit. West is left to regret 
that be did not select a spade lead. 


♦ 92 

♦ A Q 10 4 

♦ A K753 


♦ Q 10 7 4 

0 8 6 

* Q 10 B 4 

♦ A J 3 
O K72 

♦ J62 


♦ K8G5 
7 A 10 5 2 
0 J 933 

♦ 8 

Neither side Is vulnerable. The bkS- 








1 N.T. 






3 * 




3 N.T. 




west leads the Bean two. 

1 913, after only a week in office, he 
issued a “Declaration of Policy in 
Regard to Latin America." Coop- 
eration was possible, he said, omy 
turn by 
upon law, not upon 
arbitrary or irregular force.’' He 
called upon Huerta to step aside 
when elections were scheduled later 
in the year. Huerta refused He had 
wide racking among the propertied 
classes, and most of the stale gover- 
nors supported him. 

But not Venus tiano Carranza in 
Coahuila. Styling himself “First 
Chief of the Constitutionalist 
Army.’’ he launched a revolt 
against the “usurper." His move- 
ment was joined by Alvaro Obre- 
gon in Sonora and Francisco (Pan- 
cho) Villa in the state of 

As the Constitutionalists consoli- 
dated their bold on the north of the 
country, Huerta's forces continued 
to occupy (he ports of Tampico, 
through which oil exports passed, 
and Veracruz, the chief entry point 
for European arms and ammunition 
shipments. President Wilson, intent 
on weakening Huerta, used the pre- 
text of a trivial incident in Tamoico 
— the arrest of a few American 
seamen — to order the occupation 
of Veracruz. Within weeks Huerta 
had left the country, and forces loyal 
to Carranza occupied Mexico City. 
By then Villa had withdrawn his 
support for Carranza, and the two 
factions were at war. Defeated 
twice, Villa retreated into the hills of 
Chihuahua. Though the Wilson ad- 
ministration had earlier favored the 
ViBistas. (he Stele Deportment, on 
Ocl 19, 1915. announced the de 

facto recognition of the Carranza 
government in Mexico Gty. 

During the conflict Mexican re- 
bels had made a number of raids 
into U. S. territory, and even after 
the defeat of Villa, Carranza faded 
to exert control in the north of the 
country. American lives had been 
lost and property destroyed. By the 
end of 191s the administration in 
Washington had come under in- 
creasing pressure to “do some- 
thing’ 1 about the violence caused by 
“bandits" — as Elsenhower puts it 
— along the border. 

On March 9, 1916. a band of 
nearly 500 Viflistas attacked the 
small town of Columbus, New Mex- 
ico, ostensibly to capture arms and 
supplies. (Friedrich Katz has sug- 
gested that the German imperial 
government was perhaps implicated 
in the “invasion, hoping to involve 
the United States in a war against 
Mexico.) In any event, Wilson Tell 
he had no choice. He authorized 
army forces under the command of 
John J. Pershing to cross into Mexi- 
co to pursue the invaders. Eisenhow- 

er conducts the reader through the 
details of the operation, in the end, 
the original objective had been for- 
gotten. The Americans never did 
find Villa. And when Pershing re- 
quested permission to move on the 
city of Chihuahua, Washington re- 
fused. The attention of the adminis- 
tration had turned to Europe, and 
the course of the war there. Eisen- 
hower feds, however, that the expe- 
rience of organizing a campaign in 
Mexico and of training his troops 
sto od Per shing in good stead when 
he commanded a much larger Trace 
in Europe. 

Eisenhower has made good use 1 
of previous publications and erf ar- 
chival materials, but his viewpoint - 
remains one-sided and North - 
American; be slights the Mexican i 
aspects of the interventions. There 
may be a reason for this: There are ■ 
only two Spanish-langnage books ’ 
listed in his extensive bibliography. - 

Robert £. Quirk, prof essor emeri- 
tus of history at Indiana University, 
wrote this for The Washington Post. 


• Michael S. Cullen, an Ameri- 
can historian living in Berlin and 
author of “Der Deutsche Reichs- 
tag.” is reading u Les Miserabies." 
by Victor Hugo, 

“I am enjoying this because it is 
full of history. It is loaded with 
historical information about a peri- 
od I don’t know very much about” 
(Michael Kallenbach, IHT) 

•■£ WiPacif; c { y i-q 

•MT — £2 

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, ... . 

* wwai Markets 

* Bundesbank Rules Out 
Ecu-Bond Issues For Now 

By Randolph Walerius 

_ _ T irnnr.. _ ^gbl-Ridder 

A Fear That the Jobless Will Become the Lawless 


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^ since ther-p uTTm ^ “7 "iropean Currency Unit 

Hans Tietmeyer presiden^ofoi^R 1 ^ Cu s value 001,111 decline, 
HecompS&l?,? Btmdwbank, said Saturday. 

of devaluaSaTStSinv^^ of ^ ^ rard y nation the risk 

£ aSetofF^^ y agamst a strong currency. The Ecu, which 
is a basket of European currencies, coufd still be devallSagS 

the mark if a currency in the — 

baAet is devalued, he said. v , . 

“I dont consider it proper ^Oangering the 

^“ATSSTc^heLdta mfl rf £ would 'hardly be 

cabSSas - " - "" justifiable’ to 

+S?EXS£ SZEi ££ German taxpayers. 

*■ “• 

that Germany has never issued bonds in a foreign 
airrency, Mr. Tietmeyer said that doing so in the Ecu “would 
^aimmate against the mark and endanger the credit standing of 

“This wouid hardly be justifiable to the German taxpayer." 

Mr. Tietmeyer said he could imagine the situation changing “at 
me moment when the Ecu has the same status as the mark, when a 
devaluation is clearly ruled out.” 

Mr. Tietmeyer also said that the Bundesbank would continue to 
use the M-3 money supply as a key part of its monetary policy 
despite the soaring growth rale recorded for M-3 in January. 

Germany’s M-3 money supply grew an anmmiwwi seasonally 
adjusted rate of 21 J. percent in January from the fourth quarter of 
1993, far above the Bundesbank’s target corridor of 4 percent to 6 
percent for the year. The surge has prompted some observers to 
suggest that the Bundesbank give up using M-3 as a monetary 
policy tool altogether. 

“Naturally, the M-3 development worries os, even though one 
month s annualized rate shouldn’t be wrongly assessed,” said Mr. 

“We don’t want to and won’t give up the orientation on money 
supply/* be said, adding that the approach should not be criticized 
on the basis of “one month's figure, especially when unusual factors 
strongly distort it” 

The Bundesbank official said recent international rises in long- 
term interest rates were not the result of Germany’s M-3 money 
supply growth in January, but of the trade conflict between Japan 
and the United States. “Anyway, central banks can only indirectly 
influence capital market rates: through inflation expectations,” he 

Carl Gewirtz is ill 


jiw World Index. BR 

hitematbnalH&M Tribune 121 
World Stock Index, composed 120 
of 280 internationally rnvestable 119 faff isS T Tv 

stocks /ram 25 countries, 118 
compiled by Bloomberg 117 
Business News, tie 

Weekending March 11, 114 

Jan. 1992= 100. 113 FMTWT 



Europe | 

■I . ft ,, ft I ....I I I 
* ■ 

Enemy 111.86 11134 4029 CapBat Goods 114.18 112.10 +126 

UtBHtee 12529 12327 tllfi HawMatertate 1 21 J2 11725 43.11 

Finance 116.34 11720 -022 Consumer Goods 10025 9925._40.70 

Sendees 121 J2 121.45 40.02 Mbceilaneous 1282112920 -0^9 

The M » r Iff 

Italy, Mwdco, ltath«taiwta^H« 
FWwli Franca, Oarmw ^ awttnriand and Vanaruaia. For 

Now. the SO top Issues ti firms 


— — 1 — 1 ©wemafional Herald Tribune 


By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS —A dark vision haunts some of 
Western Europe's most thoughtful deci- 
sion makers as they ponder the worsening 
jobs crisis that will be the focus of a Group 
of Seven meeting is Detroit on Monday 
and Tuesday. 

What these decision makers fear is the 
specter of Europe's long-term unemployed 
— especially the jobless young — being 

shunted to the margins of civilized society, 

causing many to tun to crime or drugs, or 
racism and the extreme political fringe. 

“Impoverishment, growing violence, so- 
cial and political instability — that could 
aQ happen." says Konrad Seitz, Germany's 

Looking for Work 

In Europe Last of a series 


ambassador 10 Rome and a specialist on 
industrial policy. 

The jobless, says Stephen Pursey, head 

of economic and social policy at the Inter- 
national Confederation of Free Trade 
Unions in Brussels, begin to lose faith in 
the institutions that surround them. “Thor 
sian to question whether it's worth voting 
in elections." be says. “They start looking 
for someone to blame, and turn to politi- 
cians with messianic solutions, often those 
who blame foreigners. We’ve been this way 
before in Europe, 50 yean ago. Nobody 
wants to go back there again.” 

Until now, Europeans assured themselves 
that inner-city violence was a peculiarly 
American phenomenon. Now their fear of 

social unrest is justified by both demograph- 
ics and economic reality. Nearly half of the 
European Union’s unemployed have been 
without jobs for more turn a year, and by 
the cad of 1994 young people win represent 
more than a quarter of the 20 million job- 
less. By contrast, in the United States the 
long-term unemployed represent little more 
ihan 6 percent of those without jobs. 

Sociologists have long contended there is 
a link between joblessness and urban 
crime, pointing to anecdotal evidence from 
dries as varied as Glasgow, Palermo, and 
Los Angel es. There are few better examples 

than Detroit, the dry that will host this 
week’s G-7 jobs conference. Last Friday 
Robert Reich, the U.S. secretary of labor, 
noted that one third of the adults in Detroit 
are unemployed; what he did not say was 
that the dty also has one of the highest 
crime rates u America. 

In Europe, many of those interviewed in 
recent weeks forecast a rise in urban vio- 
lence by the year 2000 , linking it specifical- 
ly to the problem of high lewis of long- 
term unemployment among the young. In 

See JOBS, Page 14 

Austerity Pays Off, 
Africa Study Says 

Perceiving Equals Believing 

On Wall Street, the Rumors Usually Outrun the Facts 

By Thomas L. Friedman 

New York Tima Service 

Bank, in its most comprehensive 
study ever of African economies, 
has concluded that those countries 
that carried out rigorous austerity 
measures and economic reforms in 
the 1980s improved their growth 
while those that did not continued 
to deteriorate. 

The study considered 29 sub-Sa- 
haran African economies during 
two periods: 1981 to 1986, when 
most African countries were in eco- 
nomic crisis — with high inflati on, 
falling growth rates and overvalued 
exchange rates — and 1987 to 1991, 
when aU of them introduced eco- 
nomic reforms along lines pre- 
scribed by the World Bank ana the 
International Monetary Fund. 

The countries that made the big- 
gest economic changes, such as 
Ghana, saw their growth rates and 
ccmsumptkxi rise and mare goods 10 
buy in the marketplace, the study 
found. Those that made the fewest 
changes, such as the Ivoiy Coast and 
Cameroon, were mired in recession 
and saw increases of as much as SO 
percent in the number of their peo- 
ple living in poverty. 

Edward V. K. Jaycox. the World 
Bazik’s vice president for Africa, 
said the report shows “that good 

policies work, that people who fol- 
low than gel rewarded, and that if 
you stick to it, you are going to end 
up being the heroes of your na- 

Nevertheless, the report is already 
drawing fire from some critics in 
Africa and elsewhere, who contend 
that the report only considers over- 
all economic performance, while ob- 
scuring the pain that such reforms 
inflict on middle and lower classes, 
whose bread may no longer be sub- 
sidized and who may be charged for 
services, such as health care, that 
formerly were free. 

World Bank officials counter 
that they appreciate the courage it 
takes for African leaders to carry 
out their programs. They know it is 
politically dangerous. Ait they in- 
sist that economic reform is the 
only long-term solution for African 
countries and that the longer they 
wait, the tougher will be the pain.' 

What motivated the World Bask 
study, say its author-economists, 
Christine W. Jones and Miguel A 
Kiguri, was the long-established 
tendency to lamp all the sub-Saha- 
ran African countries together and 
pronounce all of them economic 
disasters of one form or another 
because collectively they were so 

See AFRICA, Page 11 

By Brett D. Fromson 

Washington Past Service 

NEW YORK — On Wall Street, the trader’s 
maxim is: “Don't bore me with the facts, just give 
me the rumors." 

As absurd as it may seem to the rest of the world, 
professional investors and speculators care most 
about perceptions, not facts. 

“Perceptions can be everything” Rick Crosby, 
chief trader at Peny Partners, a New York arbi- 
trage firm, said. “Especially in the short run." 

Last week, traders sold stocks, bonds and the 
dollar in large part because of unsubstantiated 
stories about the Whitewater affair. For the past 
month and a half, the markets have fallen because 
traders have been fearing higher inflation — even 
though there is no compelling evidence that infla- 
tion is in fact picking up. 

In a way, Wall Street is like a theater in which 
someone is constantly yelling “Fire," and people 
always are ready to bolt for the esrit 

Professional traders are wired together by a huge 
web of computers and phone lines that spread 
rumors faster than you can say “information su- 
perhighway.” Mr. Crosby gets bombarded by all 
sorts of fact and fiction coming in from seven 
computer terminals, a dozen telephone lines and a 
television set mounted on the walL 

Investors know that anything that crosses their 
computer screens also is crossing thousands erf 
others. So they trade on the news if rally because 
they think others might. No one wants to be the 
last one to move if a rumor toms out to be true. 

“For most investors, perceptions are more im- 
portant than reality,” said Paul Leff, one rtf Mr. 
Crosby's bosses at Perry Partners. 

Dee Dee Myere, the White House spokeswom- 
an, look the media to task last week for reporting 
“wild rumors" on the Whitewater case: 

She died in particular the. reporting of rumors 
that Vincent W. Foster Jr, then deputy White 
House counsel, had committed suicide m a private 
apartment in Vi rginia las t July rather than in the 
Potomac riverbank park where his body was found 

“How is it acceptable that completely unsub- 
stantiated rumors become the fodder for legitimate 
news organizations?" Ms. Myers asked. “It’s some- 
thing that needs to be examined. It’s a problem.” 

Grumman Com, the defease contractor, is an 
example of a stock moving up on shifting percep- 
tions. At 4:30 PM. Thursday, after the markets 
had closed, Northrop Corp. announced it had 
made a rival bid to compete with Martin Marietta 
Corp.’s offer to buy Grumman. Northrop bid $60 a 
share; S5 more than Martin Marietta's $55 a share. 

Without knowing anything more, traders in- 
stantly bid up Grumman shares in the third mar- 
ket, an unofficial computer-based exchange used 
by professional traders to make bets when the 
major exchanges are dosed. Grumman went from 
$34,875, where it had closed at the end of regular 
trading, to $62.50 a share in the third market. 

Why S62J0 when Northrop’s bid was only $60? 
Because traders anticipated a bidding war for 
Grumman. The story making the rounds was that 
Northrop would pay any price to have Grumman. 

When Mr. Crosby arrived for work Friday 
morning he found that Grumman stock had risen 
about $1 overnight — a gain with no new facts 
having been made public. 

Neither company said anything all day. But 
Grumman shares rose $3 to dose Friday at $64.75. 

Moves on 

Swedish Connections Russia’s Back Door to IMF? 

By Rich Miller 


WASHINGTON — Michel Camdessus, 
chief of the International Monetary Fund, 
held a mysterious meeting on Russia with a 
Swedish boanessman late last week that has 
raised questions abow relations between Mos- 
cow and tbe IMF and their ability to strike an 
important loan deal, monetary sources said. 

The meeting with Peter Castenfeh was 
kepi secret from Russia's own representa- 
tives at the IMF. fanning speculation that 
Moscow was divided over how to institute 
economic reform. 

It also plunged the IMF managing direc- 
tor into the Byzantine Russian political 
world of uncertain and shifting alliances. 

Mr. Castenfdt, who beads the London- 
based Archipelago Enterprises, was de- 
scribed by sources as a well-connected and 
wealthy private investor who has had con- 
tains with everyone from Firet Deputy Prime 
Minister Oleg N. Soskovets to former Vice 
President Alexander V. Rutskoi. 

Mr. Castenfdt acknowledged in an inter- 
view that he had met Mr. Soskovets. But he 
vigorously denied talk among international 

monetary sources in Washington who knew of 
tbe meeting that be once acted as an adviser 
fra, or was associated with, Mr. Rutskoi, one 
of the leaders of last October's armed uprising 
again 5t Russian President Boris N. Ye! tan. 

The half-hour meeting between Mr. 
Camdessus and Mr. Castenfdt took place 
March 2, just as an IMF team was preparing 
toretura to Russia for a final round of negoti- 
ations on a $13 WBon loan for the country. 

It triggered speculation that Prime Minis- 
ter Viktor S. Chernomyrdin of Russia and 
Mr. Soskovets woe trying to open a new 
negotiating channel, bypassing tbe formal 
talks between Russia and the IMF. 

Those are being led by acting Finance 
Minister Sergei Dubinin, who is seen in the 
West as being one of the few bona fide 
reformers in the Russian government. 

An IMF spokesman and Mr. Castenfdt 
insisted the meeting was not an attempt at 
“back-door" negotiations between the IMF 
and Russia. Bui they provided wildly different 
descriptions of the purpose of the talks. 

Mr. Castenfdt said he did not meet Mr. 
Camdessus in any official capacity, adding 
that be has known tbe IMF managing direc- 

tor for many years. He said he did not 
request the meeting, which evolved from 
their mutual contacts. 

But an IMF spokesman said Mr. Casten- 
fdt approached the IMF “dearly with the 
authority" of Mr. Chernomyrdin and Mr. 
Soskovets to pass on a message regarding 
M. Camdessus' long-planned visit to Mos- 
cow. That visit is now expected to occur in 
the second half of March, a source said. 

The rqjutations of M. Camdessus and M. 
Chernomyrdin are on the line since the talks 
between the IMF negotiating team and M. 
Dubinin resumed last week in Moscow. 

The United States has criticized M. 
Camdessus fra not doing enough to promote 
reform in Russia after the IMF was oven a 
leading role in helping Moscow transform its 
economy from communism to capitalism. 

Mr. Chernomyrdinas commitment to 
change has been questioned following the 
departure in January of key reformers from 
the Russian govenuxwnt They have been 
replaced by men like M. Soskovets who are 
seen by reformers as being more sympathetic 
to tbe plight of old -Soviet-style industry. 

M. Castenfdt said he has dealt with both 
large companies and new entrepreneurial 
firms in Russia, and that is what he discussed 
last week with M. Camdessus. 

Tra not a macro-economist,” he said. *Tm 
a businessman. Tm dealing with messy stuff 
an the ground." He described tbe situation in 
Russia as a “catastrophe" but declined to take 
sides in the debate between hardline refoimers 
who stress macro-economic stability and in- 
dustrialists who are concerned about tbe sur- 
vival of their companies. 

■ Japan Refinances Iran Debt 

Japan, taking its cue from Germany, has 
agreed to refinance more than $2 billion in 
overdue Iranian debt in the medium term, 
the governor of the Iran's central bank said 
Sunday, according to a dispatch from Teh- 
ran by Bloomberg Business News. 

Mohammad Hossdn Adeb, the central 
bank chief, said Japan agreed to a two-year 
grace period with payments then spread ova 
three and a half years. A similar pact was 
readied two weeks ago with Germany to refi- 
nance S2.6 bilhon in overdue Iranian debt. 

Curbs Sanctioned 
On 20 Key Items 

Compiled by Our Staff From Kspauka 

BEIJING — China instituted 
measures Sunday to limit price in- 
creases on 20 widely used commod- 
ities and services, while the archi- 
tect of its economic-reform 
program denied his changes were 
causing inflation. 

The Economic Daily published a 
state council order that £ave price 
departments the right, with the ap- 
proval of local governments, to im- 
pose temporary ceilings on prices 
and undotake “appropriate inter- 
ference" in the mmket fra widely 
used consumer goods. 

The 20 items include wheat flour, 
rice, edible vegetable oil, pork, 
milk, rags, sugar, soy sauce, deter- 
gent, domestic coal and natural 
gas, rent, water, public transport 
and fees fra schools and hospitals. 

The order also stipulated that 
price departments should punish 
enterprises and traders Mo broke 
price regulations. 

Separately, Zbu Rongji, the dep- 
uty prime minis ter who is widely 
considered China’ s economic czar, 
lashed out at critics of China's eco- 
nomic reforms. He labeled their 
assertion that ref rams are fueling 
inflation as a “gross misunder- 
standing,” the Xinhua news agency 
said Sunday. 

“Some people attribute the cur- 
rent price rises to reform measures 
introduced this year,” Xinhua 
quoted M. Zhu as saying. “This is 
a gross misunderstanding." 

Mr. Zhu said the inflationary 
trend had begun two months be- 
fore the reforms were introduced at 
the beginning of tbe year. 

He said that China’s economic 
performance in the first two 
months of 1994 had been “unex- 
pectedly good." He cited a 30 per- 
cent jump in government revenue, 
from the same period last year, ef- 
fective control of the money sup- 
ply, a stable foreign exchange rate 
and sufficient supplies of goods. 

In a commentary, tbe Economic 
Daily said the price order did not' 
mean an end to price reform and 
would respect the proper authority 
of companies and local govern- 
ments. (AFP. Reuters) 

East Europeans Taking Off 

— March 11 mg private sector 

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mmi ^ IS 5S* “ SS “Government sta 

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OAff S3 — Es «* V7l » ^ Travel in Budapest 

STro raw-* 55 «- 1 S 5 . 5 S $£ •£ X 

iwmMa-SMSBsw 1 — tijiusb has shrank by neari; 

a sgg saESSS 

“ £ «s s 5 a 51 25 !£ SZ “ 55 KScrimv' 

i sdr I* «* «■ __ Alleast a <k&enti 

aosmas In Am***™ u ’C da £ r ?£, ot m; no.: not wot** ha.: not Vraosmarty Square 

o: To bur one rwfltt; b : To bur COmCT, ChcmCtt-Tra 

By Henry Copeland 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

BUDAPEST — Flyaway Travel got its start 
three years ago as a two-person agency arranging 
charter flights from Warsaw to SeouL Passengers 
used the charters to stock up cm cheap goods which 
(hey brought home and sold. 

These days. Flyaway, Poland's largest private 
travel agency, focuses on luxury vacati o ns and 
employs 44 staffers in six offices. “The Mediterra- 
nean is very popular,” said 
Robot Grzybowski, one of 
Flyaway’s owners. “This 
summer we sent 2000 people 
on packages to the Cyprus, 
the Greek Islands.” 

M. Gizybowski is busy, 
but he is not alone. Across 
Eastern Europe, an unprece- 
dented number of tourists are booking vacations in 
exotic locales — places that were politically un- 
imaginable before 1989, and economically un- 
reachable imm ediately afterwards. 

Travel is booming because the region’s burgeon- 
ing private sector is boosting incomes, even as 
travel prices are being driven lower by a prolifera- 
tion of private agencies and tour operators. 

“Government statistics indicate that people are 
barely surviving, but travel does not snow this," 
said Peter Hoka, managing director of Chemol 
Travd in Budapest. 

Indeed, by official tally, die Hungarian economy 
has shrunk by nearly 20 percent ova the last three 
years, but tbe country's board of tourism says Hun- 
garians made 573,000 flights abroad in the first 11 
months of 1993, up from only 392,000 in all of 1991. 


Other Doth* 

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Currency PW* 
Me*. Peso &5S 

nZKrianai u<n 

Narw. krone 7^97 

PalMUetv 2BJ2Q. 
Port.acudo 17M7 
RUB-rntte 17NM 
Saudi rtful 3LW9S 

Currency P 
Swed. krona 
Tort Win™ 
UAE tartan 

* Kl * a ^5uy ***** SSSdWor *15 < S*SS 

Uta 3 us as £££- 10498 18483 ,w * 

M«9 w ,s9 UW majM iBru$seri): Banco CaamurdahliulM 

“ . _ SS""" — — — - 

Vraosmarty Square ai Budapest’s center. On one 
comer, Chcmd-TraveTs front window is plastered 
with promotional stickers that translate roughly as 
“Malta an Target" and “Bounty in Israel" 

Tbe company sent 9,000 Hungarians abroad on 
packages in 1993, up from 3,500 theprevious year. 
Israel sells wdl; more than 1,000 Quanol clients 
vacationed at a Red Sea resort in the last four 
months of 1993, said Mr. Hoka. K A lot of people go 
for tbe $1,000 [one-week] package that includes 
stay at a four-star hotel and half board," be says. 

This, as Mr. Hoka noted, is a significant multi- 
ple of the average Hungarian’s monthly after tax 
pay of $200. 

“Almost an of our customers come from the 
private sector, not the state enterprises,” he said. 
If, under communism, customers arranged their 

vacations months in advance, they now book just 
days before a toar leaves. This is not a reflection of 
caprice, but the uncertainties of an entrepreneurial 
life, Mr. Hoka speculated. 

Although the free market has generated new 
clients for Eastern Europe's travd agents and tour 
operators, it has also cut into their margins. Cbe- 
moTs revenues have tripled in the last two years, 
but its profit margin has fallen from 25 percent to 5 
percent, said Mr. Hoka. 

Like driving a taxi — another popular starter 
business in the region — little training or seed 
capital is needed to charter a bus to Greece or set 
up a travd agency. Fledgling entrepreneurs have 
flocked to the travd industry. 

In Hungary, the number of travd agents accred- 
ited by tbe Geneva-based International Air Trans- 
port Association is up four times from its level 
Tanner y 1990. In Poland, the number of IATA- 
accreducd agencies has doubled, and in Slovakia 
and the Czech Republic, their numbers are up 22 
percent during the same period. 

Even Hungary’s national airline, Malev, has 
been rattled by the fierce new environment. Al- 
though total air traffic to or from Budapest swdled 
by 20 percent from 1 992 to 1993, Malev’s share fell 
by 4 percent. 

In December, battling to keep frequent flyers 
from defecting to competitors like KLM and Del- 
ta, Malev cut the number of flights needed to earn 
a free ticket by 40 percent. The airline also ha- 
stalled a computer to track frequent flyers, even 
tallying their newspaper preferences. 

“It’s a buyer's market,” said Robert Toth, man- 
ager of Tradesco Tours in Budapest. He noted 
that, in real terms, prices have halved on many 
flights and tours. 

In the package tour market, Tradesco has draw its 
share of undercutting the competition. In 1991, 
Tradesco halved the price charged by Ibusz, Hung* 
rfs biggest state-owned travel company, fra touts to 
the United States. Tradesco's traffic to the United 
States grew bran 2£00 passengers in 1992 to 4J100 
last year, and Mr. Toth projects 6500 m 1994. 

To sustain such growth, Tradesco has held 
prices on its basic 9-day New York package to 
69,000 forints ($690) since the beginning of 1993, 
even as consumer prices rose 23 percent, and 
devaluation cut 15 percent off the company’s mar- 
gin. “Ftn a victim of my success," Mr. Toth says. 
“Now everybody is trying to undercut me." 

Articles in this series appear every other Monday. 

: I NO Bank '*™ZJZ e ,Paris>; *** 


Page 11 

v- P v 

z % 

| n * et Tl g *ional Bond Issues 

Compiled by James E Cornell 



Mat ® 0U P- Mce 

* Price end 

-+ L:*..' ' 

< -- - ' . 

V*-. r 

, ‘ r " •■ 1 CT r .| 

Floating Rato Hoteg 

Fulmar Mortgage $1 


New Zealand Dairy 3 


Sweden to 

SGW finance 

Furukawa Bectric: y ]{),000 

Furukawa Bectric 


Banco Frances e 


Chubu Bedric Power 

Inter ■American 
Development Bank 


DSL Finance NV 

Abbey National 
Treasury Service s 

Fulmar Mortgage 

Chubu Electric Power 


Bunka Shutter Co. 

Burns Philp Treasury 

Cosmo Oil 

Y 10,000 

0.30 99.085 — 

1999 O .125 99.83 — 

199 5 0.1B75 100 IT 

1998 O20 100 ~ 

WS 0.25 100.15 ~ 

1998 0.25 100.15 IT 

1,000 2004 

»250 2004 

m. 250,000 2004 

SK 1,004 1999 

Hitachi Zosen 

Too Corp. 

Tobu Railway 

Tomofeu Company 

Uniden Corp 

British Land Co. 


Daewoo Expects Train Technology 

SEOUL (Reutexs) — Daewoo Heavy Industries Ltd. said GEC- 
Alsibom, which has been tentatively awarded a contract to provide high- 
speed trains for South Korea, would transfer its technology to Daewoo 
and other domestic participants in, the S 1 3*2 Union project. 

A Daewoo executive said GEC-AJsthom would no longer cooperate 
exclusively with Hyundai Precision St Industry Co. as leading contractor. 
GEC-Alsthom did not immediately comment. 

The Daewoo executive said technology would be equally available to 
Daewoo and Hanjin Heavy Industries Ltd. as well as. to Hyundai Last 
November GEC-Alsthom had said it would transfer technology exclu- 
sively to Hyundai. 

South Korean authorities have yet to conclude the contract, which 
remains subject to negotiations over technology transfer and financing. 
The project would link Seoul with the port of Pusan, 400 kflometers (250 
□riles) southeast 

Swiss French-Language Paper Closes 

GENEVA (Combined Dispatches) — La Suisse, once the most popular 
daily newspaper in French-speaking Switzerland but now heavily in debt 
brought out its final edition on Sunday after almost 96 years. 

The independent Geneva newspaper had been hit by falling circulation 
and advertising. From a peak of more than 100,000, daily sales had 

dropped below 60 , 000 . The size of its debt was not reported but the paper 
recently had tried to borrow 24 million Swiss francs ($17 million). 

Employees were continuing San day to tty to arrange a successor 
publication. Edipresse. which owns competing papers in the region, 
withdrew an offer of nearly 6 million francs to buy-the nghts to the name 
and subscriber list. (Reuters, AP) 

An SEC Warning on Banka Bohemia 

WASHINGTON (Bloombeig) — The U.S. Securities and Exchange 
Commission is warning investors about $600 million in securities issued 

by Banka Bohemia, a bank in Prague. ^ . .. 

The bank is legitimate, the SEC said. But last December, according to 
the Czech national bank, two Banka Bohemia ^chairmen signed so- 
called prime bank securities. Banka Bohemia itself has refused to honor 

Jjanldng regulators have warned investors against a rash ofphony 
securities called “prime bank." “prime European bank or “prime world 
S?MS2TSof thesesdiemes include insdtu- 

^ H nnal and individual investors, the SEC said. 

Japan Link Reported for Miller Beer 

TOKYO (Combined Dispatches) — Miller Braving, a subsidiary of 
PhninMniis Cns_ has reached an accord on a business link with Sapporo 
rfi rSTSSfim Kogyo Sbimbun newspaper said. . 


buying each other’s shares. 

Spain Unemployment Hits 18% 

the work force. the smallest increase in jobless- 

Tire figures, welcomed this as “a sign of 

nesssina straight month of rising unero- 

ujBugc. «»» . . — -y . . jt,™ Kjgbest jobless raw m nuiupc. 
ployment m Spain, wbi^ ms “|j 5 £ January, to 17.96 percent of 

percent unemployment 

KNP to Pay a Dividend for 199o 

ny, said it would pay ^ would show an improvement, 

because it expected us r«" t ^ rcea i lcSthan the 1992 dividend analysts 
Although thepayoutij "g* ^ sldf) its payout entirely for 1993 
had widely expected ite ^ ^ expected to report a loss of 

■» jn) for lteyeM ' Ii post p 

175 million gnildos ml" 1 

Bannag Raises JZ Jffo— 

« ™ Zrxsiin fiermany (BIoompoB) ~s«?ste dividend tn 15 

uieiaiworiuiiB w^r-v- share for 

Deutsche mmts( $8-90) pW jjjj ^ 2 . 

10 DM and a bonus of ZJU v «, rose 26 percent, to 46 mDlion DM 
■SecSany said 1* bilKon DM. due 
($27 million), and that us compan/s mam division, which 


Austerity Pays 

Continned from Page 11 
far behind other areas of the world 
by any economic indices. 

Thai tendency, they said, ob- 
scured the considerable variations 
in tHeir economic performance and 
bred a degree of resignation that 
nothing could lift Africa out of the 
economic malaise so many of its 
economies fell into in the 1980s. 

In reality, though, between 1981 
and 1991 virtually all sub-Saharan 
African countries (excluding South 
Africa) introduced International 
Monetary Fund economic adjust- 
ment programs of one degree or 

These programs consisted of re- 
ducing government deficits, mak- 
ing exchange rates competitive 
through devaluations, ending price 
controls — thus raising the cost of 
everything from gasoline to bread 
— and tightening the money sup- 
ply to dampen inflation. 

Other measures included selling 
state-owned enterprises, radically 
reducing subsidies on consumer 
goods, allowing fanners, who make 
up 80 percent of most African soci- 
eties, to export more freely, and lift- 
ing many regulations on business. 

Of the 29 countries that the study 
ranks by performance, it found that 
the six that instituted the most ex- 
tensive macroeconomic reform poli- 
cies enjoyed the strongest resur- 
gence in economic performance. 

These SIX — Ghana, Tanzani a, 
Gambia. Burkina Faso, Nigeria 
and Zimbabwe — experienced a 
median increase of almost 2 per- 
cent in the amount of goods and 
services produced pea: person. Ibis 
brought their median levels of 
growth up from a negative level to 
an average of 1.1 percent a year 
during 1987-91. 

Neste Launches 
Venture With 
Russia’s Gazprom 

Agenct France-Prene 

HELSINKI — The Finnish 
state-run oil company Neste Oy 
said on Saturday it has signed two 
cooperation agreements with Gaz- 
prom and Gflzexpcrrt of Russia. 

Under the agreement with Gaz- 
prom, a subsidiary will be created 
to take over the activities of Neste's 
natural gas unit- Gazprom will ac- 
quire a 25 percent stake in the sub- 
sidiary and the remainder wfll be 
owned by Neste. 

The new company, which will be 
called Gasum tiy and will continue 
Neste’s existing natural gas busi- 
ness, is expected to start as an inde- 
pendent operation on May 1 . Neste 
said it intended to eventually have 
the new company quoted on the 
stock exchange. 

A new 20-year supply contract 
has also been signed with Gazex- 
port, Neste said. The contract cre- 
ates the baas for substantially in- 
creasing the level erf natural gas 
imports from Russia and for ex- 
panding the pipeline network in 

Gazprom is already a partner in 
a number of affiliates and joint 
ventures with major European 
companies, including BASF AG 
and Gaz de France SA. 

Whitewater Spills Over Into Credit Markets 

Over 3-monrii Libor. Noncdlobie. Fmt 0.60% Mongoge- 
boefed now with on (wage He of Ol years. Denofflmo- 
lions S* 0,000. (Morgan Stanley & Co. Inl'I.) 

Own 3- month Libor. NoncoUafaie. Fees 0.15%. (Lehman Broth- 
ers Int'L) 

Below 3-rnanrti Libor. Noncatable. Feet 0.09% [Crectr Swue 
First Boston.) 

Over 3-month Libor. Reoffered at 9935 NoncafaUe. Re- 
deemable at par from 1996. Few 0.325%, (S.G. Warburg.! 

Over 3-month Libor. NoncaHcbfe. Fees 0.25%. Denominations 
10 mdbon yen. (DKB Int'L) 

Over 3-momh Libor, feoff ered or 100X6. Nonealtabie. Fees 

0.25%. (Daiwa Europe.) 

SermaraiuaUy. NorwaBabJe. Fees 030% (CredH Lyonnais 
6ur o-5ecun1iML) 

A jugfu-Rukkr 

NEW YORK — The release of key con- 
sumer and producer price indexes next week 
normally would dominate a credit market 
obsessed with inflation, but the furor over 
the Whitewater inquiry could become a seri- 
ous distraction. 

The investigation into President Bill Clin- 
ton and his wife in an Arkansas land deal 
and its ties to a failed savings and loan made 
a big splash Thursday, creating doubts in 
some quarters about Mr. Clinton’s ability to 
govern effectively. 

One result was a one-day loss of more than 
1 percent in June Treasury bond futures. 

which tugged bond prices to a nine-month 
low and fueled sharp losses in U.S. equities 
and the dollar. “Nobody expected this 
Whitewater thing to get blown up as it has," 
said Jin Park, analyst at Lehman Brothers 
Global Markets in Boston. 

The slide of the dollar suggested European 


traders were more affected by the Whitewater 
factor than their U.S. counterparts. 

“Is there a crisis of confidence here or 
not?" said Sam Kahan, chief economist of 
Fuji Securities, noting fears that foreign fears 

about Whitewater could spark a sell-off in 
dollar-denominated securities. “The truth is 
there isn’t. When the market is down, it looks 
for an excuse [to keep selling].” 

Analysts said the U.S. producer price and 
consumer prices indexes for February, 
scheduled for release next week, could pro- 
vide new excuses to sell- The data should 
provide insight on the extent of inflationary 
pressures, a key concern in die market after 
the Federal Reserve Board tried to head off 
inflation by raising short-term interest rates 
on Feb 4. 

The benchmark 30-year Treasury bond 
flirted last week with 7 percent yields, a nine- 

The Week Ahead: World Economic Calendar, March 14-19 

month high that could also prow to be a key' 
resistance point, analysts said. 

“If iL is a buyer's strike, it will continue** 
until the economic and Fed outlook becomes 
clearer, said Mr. Kahan. “If it's fundamen- 
tals. then yields are at attractive levels." 

Barring a surprise in the inflation data, 
“we’re safe for the time being," he said, 
predicting yields would be bound between a 
range of 6.75 and 7 percent. 

Last week, the yield rose as high as 6.967 
percent on Thursday and closed the week at 
6,905 percent, up from 6.84 percent a week 
earlier and 6284 percent at the beginning of 
last month. 


_ 6t 4 99.55 — Nonccflobfe. Foes 035%. (Sokura Finance, S.G. Warburg) 

2004 100.675 98.40 feaffered ai 9930. Nonccflable. Fees, 2% (Dvwa Europe.) 

6% 100.555 97.80 Noncollabte. Fbm 2% [Crkdrt Commercial de Franc*.] 

614 100.45 98.45 Reoffared at 99 JO. Noncdlobie. Fees 1% (NH&rating Finan- 

ogl Marten) 

9 1 01 30 98.675 Rsaffared ai 99.625. Noncallabte. Fms 2% [Samuel Mon ta gu 

& Co.] 

714 99.567 — Mortgage-bodced notes with average Lie of 101 yean. 

Interest paid quarterly. Fms 035% (Moran Stanley & Co. 

7% 100.55 98.05 Reoffered at 99.00. NoncoflaWe. Fees 154% (Daiwa Europe.) 

NanadabJe. Each $10,000 note carries two warrants eweis- 
able into company's shares at an expected 254% prom urn. 
Fees 214%. Terms to be set March 16. (Nomura Int'L) 

Somiannua#y. Noncoflable. CamertUe at 5.40 Australian 
dollars per share, a 175% (approx.) premium. Fees 254%. 
(Morgan Stanley Int'l.) 

Noncaflobie. Each $10,000 note with tv*j waranls exercis- 
able into company's tees at 877 yen per tee, a 254% 
premium. Foreign exchange rate of 106 js yen per dollar. 
Fees 254%. (Nomura Int'l.) 

Noncalofcla. Eads 510,000 note with two wornnts ex et en- 
able into company's shores at S73 yen per shoe, and at 
106.60 yen per deflar. Fees 254%. (Nomura Int'l.) 

Noncalloble. Each 510,000 note with two warrants exercts- 
abte into company's shares at an expected 254% premium. 
Fees 214% Denominarions $10,000. Terms to be set March 15. 
(Nddco Europe.) 

NancaBable. Each 510,000 note with two warrants exercis- 
able into company's shares at 700 yen per share, and at 
106.60 yen per dollar. Fees 254%. (Yamakhi Int'l EuropeJ 

NoncaHabie. Each $10,000 non with two warrants exerds- 
able into company's shares at 782^ yen per share, and at 
10660 yen per dollar. Fees 254%. (hUdco Europe-] 

NoncdoU*. Each $50/100 note carries two warrants exerds- 
able into company's shares at as expected 254% premium. 
Fees 254%. Terms to be set March 16. (Nomura Int i.] 

Undated, subordinated, convertible bonds capable at per 
from 2008. Acceleration douse begmning m 2001. Issuer may 
force investors to exchange the bonds into 6% preference 
shares with the same conversion terms: Convertible at E5.I0 
per share. (Swiss Bank Corp) 

AxMCMaottha week's economic end 
Unancwl evenls, compUed tor ffw (nremo- 
oonai Hernia Tribune by Bloomberg Busi- 
ness NOWS. 

Aria -Pacific 

• March 14 Tokyo Feb. wholesale 
price Index. 

Hanoi Brush Chamber of Commerce In 
Hong Kong begins trade and Investment 

mission io Vietnam. Through March IB. 
Earnings nx poctad Swire Pacific. 

• March 15 Tokyo February bank, 

Tokyo February trade balance. 

Tokyo Bank of Japan to announce a 
quarterly survey on private saving. 
Shenzhen, China The Hong Kong Trade 
Development Council to hold Shenzhen 
Joint Venture Products Exhibition. 
Through March 19. 

• March 16 Hong Kong International 
"GaaTrade 84.“ Through March 17. 

Hong Kong Jonae Lang Wootton to re- 
lease a comprehensive review of the 
Asian real-estate market 

• March 17 Bering China Petroleum 
investment ConJerance. 

Hong Kong Hong Kong Trade Develop- 
ment Council to hold presentation on Ja- 
pan's lewetery market. 

Earning* ex p e cte d Dairy Farm Inn. 

• March 18 Earnings expected- 
Quoco Group, Jaidlne International 

Motor Holdings, Mandarin Resources 
Corp- Skw Land Co. 

• March 16 Earnings expected Amoy 
Properties, Grand Hotel Holdlnga. Hang 
Lung Development Co. 


a Expaetad ftthi waafe 
M a drid Fab. unemployment rate. Fore- 
cast Up 18.2 percent in month 
Paris Jan. M-3. Forecast Up CL5 percent 
In month. 

Bruaeata Dec. Industrial production. 
Frankfurt Jan. rwaB sates. Forecast; No 
change In year. 

Amsterdam Feb. unemployment 3 
month. Forecast Up 7JS percent 

• March 14 

Stockholm Feb. unemployment rate. 
Forecast; Up 6.B percent In month. 

Earnings ■xpm.twl Gist-Brocades NV, 
Schertng. EngBsh China Clays, Falrey 
Group, Spring Ram. MAI. 

Brussels EU Foreign Ministers meet in 
bid to break deadlock over Norwegian 
terms of EU membership and new system 
of decision making once new mantes 
join Union. 

Eanringa e x pected LVMH. Woltors- 
Khjwer NV. Generate de Banque SA, wil- 
liams Group Medeva Pic, Minor Group 
Newspapers, SaateM & SaochL 

Amsterdam Registered unemployment 
average for December through February. 
London Feb. retail sales- Forecast up 
1X2 percent In month, up 3.1 percent In 

London Feb. public-sector borrowing 
requirements. Forecast: 6.7 billion 

London Fab. unemployment Forecast: 
Down 20,000. 

Copenhagen Feb. consumer price in- 
dex. Forecast: Up 0.4 percent In month, 
up 1.9 pacant In year. 

HaMnM Feb. unemployment 
Earning* 1 "*^ Grdsch. Kredlot- 
bank. Coats Viyella. Schredere. 

Metall gesellschaft Expands 
Options for Shareholders 

BONN — Metallgcsdlschflfi AG 
said it would allow shareholders to 
participate in its planned debt con- 
version in order to give them the 
ability to protect thor stakes from 
dilution after a capital increase. 

Under the terms of a 3.4 bMon 
Deutsche mark (52.02 Whon) res- 
cue package for the troubled com- 
pany agreed at an extraordinary 
shareholders meeting in February, 
the certificates were only to be of- 
fered to the company’s creditors. 

The rescue plan consisted of a 

1.4 billion DM capital increase and 
a 1 3 btQion DM debt conversion 

In a statement published in the 
Federal Gazette, MetaBgesdlschaft 
said it would issue registered con- 
vertible profit certificates to share- 
holders with a nominal value of 500 
DM each in a l-for-28 rights issue 
at 2^00 DM per certificate be- 
tween March 17 and 31. 

The certificates are not transfer- 
able without the consent of the 
company and are entitled to divi- 
dends equivalent to 10 MeiaDgc- 
sellschaft common shares. 

Las* Week’s Markets 

All ffgurtsoro os of close of trading Friday 

Stock Indexes Money Rates 

united State* 
DJ Indus. 
DJ Trans. 
SB. P500 
FTSE 100 
FT 30 

Mar. 4 area 
&83U0 +07? % 
212.10 — 1J»% 

1737,37 —0.94% 
431-66 +025% 
46474 +037% 
54574 +031 % 
257 JO +032% 

327000 —263% 
Z56O20 —172% 

Nlkket 225 20,115. 19,946. +075% 


DAX 2,1(049 2AXL09 +2.11% 


Horn* sens 930546 9.91B.19 —013% 


flASCI P 61970 61640 +050% 

Wartd Index From Morton Stanley Cc&M Ian, 

Money Rates 

United State* 

Mar. 11 

Mar. 4 

Discount rote 



Prime rate 



Federal funds rote 







Call money 

2 1/16 


Smooth Interbank 


2 3/16 




64 6 

Call money 



3-month Interbank 

SS 0 



Bank base rate 



Call money 



3-manrti interbank 



Guta Mar. 11 Mar. 4 


London nh flxA 38665 


+ 285% 

This week’s topics: 

O HehzSchffnmebush: 1am frightened" 

O The Long Shadow Over L'Oreal 
O The Remaking Of India's Tata Inc. 

O Microsoft Powers Onto The Info Highway 
O Japan's Imported Rice Foffies 

Now available at your newsstand! 

BnsInessWeBk International 
14, av d'Qucliy, CH-1B06 Lausanne Tel. 41-21-617-4411 
For subscriptions call UK 44-628-23431 Hong Kong 852-523-2939 

4 k l!VItnUNAp(HHA].M • « 





1-800-882 2884 

(IN NEW YORK, CALL 212-752-3890) 

• March IT Amstarebm Feb. con- 
sumer price index. 

Frankfurt German Bundesbank council 

Stoc&hokn Feb. consumer price Index. 
Forecast Up U3 percent In month, up l a 
percent in year. 

Earning* expected Elsevier. Hoogo- 
vena, Royal Ahold. BASF, Ar)o Wiggins. 
Courteuids Textiles, Gutaess Ptc, Legal S 

General Group, Raed International. Ren- 
tokd Group. United Biscuits Holdings, 
e March IB London February M-4. 
Forecast Up QJ5 percent m month, up S.B 
percent m year. 

Stockholm Feb. trace balance. 

Parte Jan. trade balance. 

Earning* expected Bayer AG. 


• March 14 Washington January 
business inventories and sales. Outlook: 
Inventories up 02 percent 

New York Apple Computer me. sched- 
ules introduction of the Macintosh with 
PowerPC « Uncom Center. 

Santiago Foreign Investor's seminar 
where government ministers will explain 
economic strategy and investors win ouv 
Qna their Investment p la na. 

Rochester. New York Hearing sched- 
uled In Eastman Kodak Co.'s attempt to 
remove two antitrust decrees on Sm pro- 
cessing dating back as much a* 73 years. 
Wilmington, Delaware Bankruptcy 
Court hearing on Memorex-Telax N.V.'s 
disclosure s ta t e ment and (San of reorga- 
nization in a prepackaged bankruptcy. 
Detroit Conference on )ob-craation by 
Group ot Seven Industrialized nations. 
Through March 15. 

New York Electronic Superhighway Val- 
uation Conference at the Waldorf Astoria 
Hotel. Through March 16. 

New York Three-day International Inte- 
grated Manufacturing Show and Confer- 
ence explores better use of computers 
and software for “smart" manufacturing. 
Earning* expaetad Fedders Corp- Gen- 
eraf Mils. Sotheby's Holding*. 

• Hs ‘ 15 Washington Feb. pro- 
ducer price Index. 

At a Glance 

Eurobond Yields 

Marti Mor.4 YrMskYrlow 

Washington Feb. industrial production 
and capacity utilization. 

Vancouver Seventh annual British Co- 
lumbia forestry Industry conference «por>- 
sored by Price Waterhouse. 

Atlanta Coca-Cola Co. holds two-day 
meeting for analysts and press alts head- 
quanera In Atlanta. 

Data* Independent Petroleum Associa- 
tion of America two-day meeting. 

New York Boa core research group an- 
nounces new battery technology for con- 
sumer electronics. 

Sea Jose, CaMomte International Soft- 
ware Business Development conference. 
Through March 17. 

• Merab 18 Washington Feb. con- 
sumer price Index. 

Washington Feb. housing starts. 
Chicago international Swaps and Deriv- 
atives Association holds Its general meet- 
ing and conference at the Fairmont Hotel. 
Through March 18. 

• March 17 Rte de Janeiro Govern- 
ment to Bell stake In ntintag company 
Mlneracao Cara be on 18V stack ex- 

Wa sh ing to n Initial weekly state unem- 
ployment compensation insurance 

Chicago Steven Jobs, the chief execu- 
tive officer at NeXT Computer Inc. la ex- 
pected to give a keynote presentation on 
object-oriented technology at the Irttema- 
bonai Swaps and Derivatives Association 
annual meeting. 

Earning* expect e d Adobe Systems, 
Shoney's, Tektronix, Thomson, Winneba- 
go Industries. 

■ March 18 CNcago Silas Keehn, 
praskSam of the Federal Reserve Bank at 
Chicago, Is expected to give a keynote 
address at the International Swaps and 
Derivatives Association annual meeting. 
Honotutu Finance Ministers at Asia P* 
elite Economic Community meet. 
Through March 19. 

• Merab 18 Ban Francisco Notional 
Association of Recording Merchandisers 
three-day convention. 

Adw» to been received from 
Tokyo that the 93rd Ortfinaiy 
General Meeting of Sharahokfes 
of the Company wi be held □> The 
head Office of the Company ,3i>2 
Shlmomotuto 3-Choma.ObtaKu. 
Tokyo 9am on Wednesday. 30th 
March 1994 

Matters to be Reported 

Report on the bootless report 1 , 
balance sheet and statement of 
Income and retained earnings lor 
the 93id business term (From 
January 1st. 1993 to December 
3 1st. 1993). 

Matters to be Resolved 

Hem 1 

Approval of the profit appropriation 
pfcjn for ttio 93rd buslners term. 
Item 2 

Partial amendments to the articles 
of fncoiporarton. 

Hem 3 

Section of one Statutory Auditor 
Hem A 

Change In the remuneration ot 
Statutory Auclfots. 

Holden of Depositary Receipts ot 
Bearer (EDtTs and BDRW wishing 
to exercise their voting rights In 
respect of the Shares represented 
by the Receipts held by them are 
reminded that, in accordance with 
Clause 8 ot the Condflonathey 
must lodge their Receipts with Hi 
Samuel Bank Limited by 3p.m. 

23 id March 1994, or with one of 
the sub-agents by 3p.m. IBth 
Mcvch 1994, where lodgement 
forms are avafcbte.Vomg Rights 
may only be exercised tn respect of 
Depositary Receipts representing 
Ordinary shares on the register as 
at 31st December 1993. 

Copies of the fi# text ot the Notice 
convening the meeting are 
avatiablell required 

Hill Samuel Bank Limited, 
45 Beech Street, 

London EC2P2LX. 



US. t, Ion* term 





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Sourcoo: UevO s Bank, R tutors. 

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From strength to strength 

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Net profit 
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Total asses 


Key figures 


1992 1993 % 

STr.m 68 1 47 +117 

SFr.m 118 225+91 

,% 10.4 18.4 + 77 63 7,7+23 

SFr.m 674 919 + 36 

1387 1438 + 4 

d tens' assets 33.0 44,9 + 36 
Mutual funds 3-1 5.4 + 77 

The Jufius Baer Group offers services in 
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Page 12 




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, , . . i. . . 

MUTUAL international herald tribune, Monday, march 14, 1994 ~ u, w Page 15 

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Page 13 

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cfrxF, S5-H &M. a-3 snszs SSZk SStSi SSSTp “isrs KSSSSSifi SSSr'JSzS 

SSdlD 1842 D 51 ^ 1 " 9.S— 42 r2SSLH J<WS + ■ ,, !««'*'» Llflta cln 9.9/ PocjJB 1447 —JO Strlnctp 751 —44 WlncAp 548 - ShOuiGt Tw — 41 HiYteOr IA33 — 44 

+ ni ®eA Funds: Common sense: J^xF 1 1049 -44 Jtt^dnlO.16 -42 5trntAp 12JD +46 TaxExtp 1033 -43 mOpAp 7.96-42 SmCapn I8J9 -.15 Insl^p I6W Zl4 

RrMit ,, to Tnf EM*£t 23.74 —17 1B76 —47 Ti^t 10.13 — -03 Wkff^dl n 1C51 — 41 SlrotB 1100 — .14 J Hwtaoct Freodm LMMAp 737 — .03 Morg Stan Fdu IntrTE fi 1453 — 47 

StihB* 110 ? a? IdlEq 2044 S™ 1 "? 1610 +47 ?■?? RuaEaln 1259 ♦ .11 TcleB 1747 —49 AvTecti 1130—14 RschAp 1177 -.10 AsianGrA 1583 — JO invGrA p 1037 — M 

SCS£p \om + 5? n SrgF>?lnpl74J_S Grevrth 15.73 +.13 MJ -J» SpecEaln 6^ +.11 Telecom 17.16 -IS ErramAp 8.99 -47 SeaAe 1349 -42 AsionGB 1535 — 41 JKfiSv iws =48 

ram — n! BFMShDun 9JBS — jji -! WutlB 1354 —47 JJ-17 - 1670 -.09 WWw n 1748 —.03 OlnBt 9.16—42 TotRAp 1338—42 GlaoEaA 11+7 -44 AASIncGrA 2235 *MS 

MVliffit 1048 41 BjBGlAp 1 1 to a< G#mp«x» Ccqiilab JAJFt 10J5 — 45 First Amer Fuads: widwB 1720 — .M GkibAB 1356 « UP [A p 753 —44 GtabEqB 1230 - 44 MlnlncA 1337—44 

fncop 846 — 45 Bjbie*Ap 12« 7a Eatvlna> 1254 - JJ3 MD TxF t IQJ0 — 44 AstAOp 1057 +43 GatMHB Ponds: GlObSt 1350 VoluAO 1040 +46 Mgnai GnelaL NVT^Ad 12.TO — 46 

MSf- +Jn ~ M Fs?n !oS_jn MATxF, -43 Baton p 1681+43 ASCp IO.I8 +.13 GimZ 9I7 -42 WaGvAP 115Q -.'Vi . EjYtS to T 171 =46 

Kni P ! bS m ^incnnjo +41 9^i h 1143—41 iJiTSl, JM! ~ + ‘Ii 5^ u ^. np 2142 tJfl G*“>Rx 1743 —46 WoGrA 16.90 +.16 Fxlncm 1047 + 47 Oppen 11.15 +43 

,2m TS£ InrGavl 9^ —45 'J 40 ’- 05 wSlTrfllnw - ' m COftvScPnll.a GtTech 1945 — ,10 WbTotAp 10.97 —41 InCmCp 1047 _ PATCAP12J2 — J17 

Serf hlmIS? 10 -w - »2‘-K HnSf 1 S55:S SSSSf’Mzffl IKK- as** SE*. if- 25*-2i socdAp 205 +^2 

GteUBt 3744 +56 CorTxEp 1340 -44 MunHYt 10.99 -44 PAMunnpl052-41 *WrtBt 848 +45 TwnplrtinlniWt ,!'2i «7 

GoWP 14.17-48 CopApp 1845 +.11 MvlnsA 10.99 —02 SnjCoppnlSJS +.15 gBgl «•« +" CmMSp 249 -45 WxBal 10.87 -41 

GvtSBcAplOSB— 43 CVFdSer 1117— .0# Munln T 1140-41 Value np 1040 - GWpBt 2939 -48 Phtflfi 1148 -44 dxSDOn M.07 +.19 

HiYIOA 1448 — JM EqtvOpp 755 +52 MuMdt 1054—42 CgpAnp 1632 -43 GvScBI 9-71 —46 gsaK J]4t — 43 IndxExt n 1934 +M 

HiYldB r 1443 —44 Growth 2138 -46 MunMAtll50-43 SI FE Trust 347+45 GrlnBl J0.14 -44 GrwthS 1143 -41 mToln 139+45 

InsTEAo 16.92 —.14 hfiYield 9.11 _ MuMnt 1145—42 S7T Funds: HilncBt 1249 . TtnrdAvV 1754 -.10 IdxGron 1118 +44 

M«iua^ KgtAb Mi-jn uSSmiiiSJS CmT 25.05 *43 tov&fflt 1245-15 Thomson Groups __ idxValn 1148 +.05 

-47 InGfAp 941-41 MunMIT 11.96 -J» GrlhlTlC 25.05 +43 ItwGdB t 1135 — IS Ttaiwn Gmm ]14B +.05 

-44 InGrBI 939 -42 MurtiMod 11051 -41 Growtlin 1Z96 +44 MgGvB tn]Z74 -4J EqOiA 1240-46 

— JB tott 1238 *47 MuNCt 1133 — JW Intt 1532 —.15 MaMuBt 15.90 - GWttlA 255 +.13 IdxEurn 11.90 +46 

EnvniAp J.99 -47 SeaAP 1349 - iB AsrtinGB 1575 -J1 MrfitCA 12.18-48 Urtt 1238 *47 AAUNCt *133 -44 Intt 1532 —.15 MaMuBt 15.90 - CWm 

GHnBt 9.16— JO TotRAp 1128 —42 GtoOEqA 12J7 -54 MSIncGrA2235 * 45 Mud=IAp 1256 — 4S MunNJI 11.10 —43 TaxFree n 944 -JH NJMTjBt 12.93 —X to«A 

GkftAp 1356 „ IMAP 753-44 GtaPEaB 1230 -4t MAlncA 1137 — 44 MulFIBp 1294 -45 MuNYt 1243-43 US Gov 1055 —43 NyMuBf 1649 — Jt IntW 

GWsBt 1140 . uctoAP 040 +46 MnreanGrwM; NYTtpApl230 -46 StockFd 1355 -4B MunOM 11.M -43 SH CJartte PMMBt M4I +55 OPW 

GllnA 9.17—42 WoGvAP 1150 — .62 EmerpEq 9.66 . NVTxBml231 — 46 TEBd 11.16—45 MuPat 1066—44 BolTrn 1048 - PrmTRB 11643 + 43 FYdW 

8-M — 45 IdxPacn 1145—44 
12.73 —4* I Idxtnstn 4445 -.19 

PrMtBt 2041 +59 OoorA 3149 +36 MuHIYdnl057 —42 
PrmTRB 11643 + 48 PrcMtA 1237 +43 Muni Ini n 13.12 +41 

vwwi jj. 13 -,ij Enrron 1630 + m P 1 1.96 _ uni m-t io. 6 z — 4d imunuap iuji — jji amttjpt. MA! . j Hancock SoHeran: MuCAAp 5 j 5S — JH Bd 944 

Va&JP. 2J.18 +.13 Gwtnn 1341 Zm ^owthp 1248 + 45 ORTxFt 1044 -.04 ReflBlP 1 2M +.11 Value p 11.92 -46 Adi A 12.17*44 MuFLA B 9.97 -42 EmGr 1647 

wa ngp. 1749 +.16 Inti t74 +10 £“S> P ’42 -.04 PATFt ID58 — 43 Stoc*p 1630 + 49 Gdwtv Funds AchBt 1111+44 MuGAA p 1065 —.04 EmAMd lfS +43 

ShOdownl256 +46 Sf*** 1 1440 —.07 RTTxFt 9.61 — 44 FslBoslG 9.49 —.02 A|5«Allnll41 — 41 BalAp 1058 +41 MuMAApll.16 — 45 EqGrn 1240 +.16 

GlobRM 1733 —46 WoGrA 16.90 +.16 Fxlnon 1037 +47 Oppen 11.15+43 TotRetp 1534 —42 MMunt 1545 —46 CapGrtp 1160 +44 SedrBI 15.67+44 S hlGvA ?50 —41 MuLtdn 10.65 „ 

GtTecfi 1945 —.10 WbTotAp 1 0.97 —41 InCmCo 1067 _ PATE A pi 242 —47 USGvB 947—44 Struct to 1156 -42 CapGrT 1253 *44 SpEqBt 9051 +46 TWOEKA J2.B2 +.09 Mul4ngnl0.75 — 42 

GaldA 1544 +41 MuBdA 1092 —.04 MuniBd 10.69 —02 SaedAp 28J5 +42 WldOpP 1057 *44 StrudBt 1156—42 inGBT 1BJ1 — 43 StrlnBt 1737 +.C TExA 1139 —44 Muintgn 1240—41 

GoldBl 15J8 +.01 MuHIA 9.05 —41 MtoKbSop 13J4 + JJ 2 5trlrKAD 547 —43 Herp ^Fds: US Gvt ftn 0.95 —46 inGrBlnp 10J1 — 43 TdGBt 12J2 -.16 US&M 9^ —44 Mun^il n 1551 — .01 

POCBfiS 15.07 _. ;44 MuLtA 753 -41 A6ara Stan Indl: StrlncBt 548 -42 Bandn 10.17—43 UfilBfi 9.40 - mGBtvp 10.70 —41 TxExBt 1744—45 EqtoB 1248 —45 CAlTKLT n 104^ —43 

RqBkA 2064 -.15 MuALAp 10A9 ^ .03 ActClryn 11.98 *47 StaSTIAp 434 —41 TEBandnllJS _ Prudential Instfc tnTEBdT nl058— 41 UU®* 1019 ->1C GrwlhBt 22.14 -.12 FL nsn 1050 .. 

RoBKBr 2056 +.15 MuARA P 9.94 -.03 AskmEq n2l 47 -39 StlnGrA p 5.11 + 41 EmaMEq H42 -48 AdBrtn 11.11 -42 SunbEaTnlOlB-43 Wlr>cBt 6A3 —43 tocomeBt 849 -45 NJ nsn 1147 -41 

Hcncock Sownqn: MuCAAp 5.60 -43 Bd 9M . StrliwAp 437 —42 Equity n 1957 -41 Bain 1144+41 STBcHrn 9.97 -41 SmMiBnnrSTirM Fds toiffit ]ZA2 —45 NYlnsn 1051 -4 

Adi A 12.17+44 MuFLAd 9.97 —42 EmGr 1647 > Tarpetp 2643 +49 CanAFPn23.16 +42 GltlSfltn 1255 +.05 S/lTTrTrn 990—41 PrtiRd 941+42 Oportit 3052 +.25 OHmsn 1133 -41 

AdiBt 12.JI +44 MuGAA p 1045 -04 EmMkt 1843 + 43 TxFrBt 945 -48 W Eaii 11.13+41 income to 946 — JM vmincT n ia49 . PrinltP- 844 + 41 RecAtetB1247 +42 POJnsn 1036 -.02 

BdAP 1058 +41 MuMAAP . 6-^ EqGrn 1220 +.16 TxFrAp 946 -4® PHBaxEG 1322 . 46 InUSIkn 1434+41 Vdtoa p 1036 — 41 PrtoHIP 843-44 SilGyB 940 -41 r 540 —11 

Bote p 1058 +.01 MuMDA Pll.17 — 43 Fxdlnc 1034 —.02 Tirep 1851 +42 ffladmGnx Slfcldxn 11.19 -45 . _ SmBtiBomey: TcxExBi 1138 —.05 SPGddr 1347 +JB 

MUMSAP 943-44 GIEqty 1359 - 47 TotRtAO B42 +47 ARSIU 723 
■MS* PUS -'5? GIF*lnn 1145 -45 TotPtBtn 837 + 47 ARS IV 735 

Safeco Funds; 

18.14 +45 TaraetB 1238 -49 SPHlthr 34.81 +41 

MdJYAplOJS — .04 HiYldn 10.90 -41 USGvtp 959 —MS AUSI-A 745 —41 AdiAp 1040 

I I AmGovnx 855 —47 CalTFrn 1140 —46 1 CmApA 1527 +.10 U5GovBI 922 —44 SPServr 2343 +42 

Equity n 1339 + 47 CmApB 15.12 * .091 nwntourg Fdi: 

MuSCAp 1248 — 44 IntfSCn 1649 +49 VmStAp 1457 + 47 AdjUSIV 720—41 AsiaAp 1348—46 GNMAn 955 —47 GIGvtA 1249 —.IT IntMu 1340 ^01 I SPUlil 

SPTechr 1947 + 23 

S 3 imiEa 1450 -51 Overland Express: 

Grtncon 1063 +45 BaJartBteWaKds^- ‘-WUMWuafc EnKmMFtitidS! GwTn 1124-49 WEatn 12.77 +.06 J&VBd 1324 -.01 MuVAAelU4 -44 RedYIdn 9.94 -.15 AstAIIA 11.94 -45 ARS LA 7.16 

Income 946—41 DteSTllMin S®' 1 1058 —43 EmEql 1241 +44 Cirolncp 668 +41 MAMun 9.72 —43 KSMun 1244—43 MuWVApll.46 — 45 VahjeEanllJB +44 CATFA 1145—45 ARS II 727 

ASM Fd n 1DJ3 +.07 KK&S Grwtti 1559 -42 EmrldUS 1040 -43 MflhYdp 529 -.01 NY Mun 1056 -.03 KSIMunLI 1236 -42 CdpGBt 14.08 +.12 SCVoln 1149 - 44 A^rincA 1032 Z^ AtSUS 

Accessor Fands: ^ — « ln«me 931 -42 R-JE 1047 -44 Inramep 4.14-41 STBdn 10.04 -IS Kaufman nr 341 + 42 EmGrBt 1949 +23 I^IdkRuWt +26 S&ratGrA 1345 .U XdUSI 

IdFxtn n 11.96 —44 Batot Funds: 9 ' 71 _ ^ 01 1A65 —.02 _5mCopJn 1D46 +47 inv&dp 1041 — 43 Kemper Funds: GoldBt 637 +.19 MldrCATTMjl —46 STGavt 5146 -42 AU5III 

Adusu 7.13 —Ji I coat 432s —.11 
AU5IIJ 7.13 - DivGrp 943 + 43 




Bankers Trust: 

] BartteM Funds: 

AstABp 1321 

_ I Evergreen Funds: 

Utlllncop 5^1 —.02 1 Inin 

1154 +.14 NYTF 10.95 —41 MIM Funds: FxdlncR plOJO — 44 MidCap 1447 +.15 IntmGvA nl020 — JE HYAdP 1049 

1028 + 41 OH TF 956 _l Bdlncn 921 _ OHTB*pl044 -43 SmCpG 1958 +.10 NJMuAn 1044 -4! InomAp 744 -41 

1154 +. Oil Sfklncn 1042 *45 i/OTxFrfm 945 —.10 SmCpV 13.15+46 STTirvAn 9.90 . invAP 830+45 

— R«ire2 13.16 _ SifcGrwn 1133 +44 4WNL Narttatan UttSlkn 944 —47 Piaaeer Fund: MnlnAp 8.92+41 

• Grurincfl 7147 Tm nSSSSfi? ln 5*L „ Bandn 942 —05 MuoCAii 1020 +41 Fxdlnc n 10.11 —02 Goldman Sachs Pmtw RetFrB4 949 —43 MiMUCFundsT 

- 1123 Im gZH? ?Bdn 9.W-42 {WhIMS - J. F»lnn ».W -41 CapGr 16^-42 RetM 8.74 -42 AsstAO 1177 

1051 —41 SttcApn 1520 — 44f KYIdA 507 —42 P1MCO Fimdt: 

BIGvAp 443 —42 Grawthn 2053 +26 (ncGrnAplll8 — 43 LtdTln 1220—45 USGron 1515+47 

AZTE 9.08 —.04 WYWn 9.13 —46 IncRetA 950 - LldCal 1234 +41 IntlGr 1354 +49 

CATxAp 046 —43 Incomn 17.91 +.82 IntlA 18.15 +.04 LKJGVtp 1250 — 43 WeUslv n 183S — 44 

Convert p 1950 + SR MurScn 1X68-43 mtlB 1X00 +45 UdMunpl34B -41 WeHtnn 2024 -SO 

COAT 4326 —.11 NWn 1X98 +.03 MaGavtA 1X52 — 44 NMInt 1X01—41 Waiter n 14.12—41 

DivGrp 943 + 43 Saoamr<Vpt126 + 46 MuCatA 1248 —43 Tocquev 1X50 +45 Wndsll 16.88 +41 

DvrtnAp»l25fi — 48 SotomonBirot MuFLA ill 1 —43 Tower Funds: Ventura Advisers: 

EnRsAP 1447 —48 Capn 2023 +JJ5 MuLJdA 652—51 CapApp 1X8* -48 IncPl 520 +42 

EqlnAP B34 +43 Inyesn 1554—41 MunNtA 1353 —42 LA Mun 1146 - Munird «22 

EuGrAp 1154 -44 Opport 3038 +.1C MuNJ A 1355 -43 TotalRet 9.97 -42 NYVen 12.06 +.04 

Fedlnpx 948-48 SchaferV 3750 +25 MuNYA 13.12 — 43 USGv T0J1 -42 RPFBt 6.18-41 

FLTxA 9.86 —43 Schrodln pn22J6 +25 SHTSY 449 _ Trademark Funds: RPFGR I 1540 —.12 

GeaAp 1350 +.02 Schroder 841 - USGvtA x 1X26 — 22 Equity n 1059 - RPFGl 1126 +43 

GIGvAp 1457 + 43 5dn«oS Fundn UttlAp 1X76—41 Gavttnco n 959 — 45 RPFCv 1723 —43 

GIGrAp 9.64 —42 CASln 9.95 —42 SmBrShD fnlK-SM) — 43 KY Mun n 10.03 .. Victory Fands: 

GrtnApx 1353 — 46 LA TF n 1053—4* smBrShGt 9.93 —03 SlGaWn 954 —43 A«rGf 1025 - 

mthAp 2651 +22 GqvSi 10.13—42 soGm Fuads Tronsamenac ComBd 959 —.03 

KiYdAp 1X28 +.01 Inlllndx 1021 +44 Gold 1129 . AdjGvA 9.91 —41 Equity 10.97 +41 

HYAdP 1059 - MfTFBn 10.13 — 42 mtnl 2355 +.12 CATFA p 1022 —46 GovtBd 9.73—44 

IncmAp 744 -41 1000r 1250 +45 Ovsecs 1153 +48 CapApp 1323 +.C8 mini 9.91 

InvAP 830 +45 SfTFBdp 9.98 -^01 Society Funds EmGAp 27.18—45 ShJGvtnn 939—42 

MnlnAp X92 +41 .SmCWOX 1027 +46 Balance 9.81 +41 Gvlncp XII —03 vista Funds: 

Eqtncp 1530 *M MaTxll 9J1 -44 Saxwidl 1449 -.11 1 DvreWSI 1223 +45 GrlnAp 1140 + 43 BdA 1137 -41 

LncGrA 1050 -41 TatRetn 1029 —45 Americp 1142 —41 MITxll p 9.12 —m I Scudder Fund* 

A GraSTt , 21J4 +M Bm^SdstajJi*' 06 -JB ReJ^'n " 'lUl F^uBdpi246 +30 toirac" 1626 +25 SihCpEq 421+41 Imd'™ 3 " I3^4fi Z 

122* I jw „ VAMun 9.93 —.04 TatRtn 1941—43 Fits! Priority: InflEq 1759 —.16 Tech no! 10.93 +45 MtgS&cs 10.17 . 

nj + 02 CuFd Adi n 1040 VatTmn 1558 +45 EqultVTrnl053 +JM Muni Inc 1X90 —44 Tx TF 102B _ - MMPrGtn 1040 — 

-43 CuFdSTn _JH ExcelMidcc AK - 49 FxdlncTr 1X13 -42 Sel&j 1530 + 42 TotRefm 948 + 44 KuSSSln ^Z 

U'M + -?S Cutter Trust ■“ ExJnvHip 7.85-41 J-tdMGv 946 -41 SmcCoo 2021 —10 USGvl X94 -44 MSBFdiT 1724 T 

mSSb?" AS 9-41 SlSSL+aM 2 + I2 ApvEqn 104 B -41 E£MV«?n 2050 -45 FfrrtUntae TFEB97 .... Kempnrlnyst MacX^eG^ 

b m< i- am t: f rMoan v.w -nia **»*fi-r u iu^j -i — *«' i — ««• f wciubj o./* —mix abwii joj/ — .ui 

~ SpEqn 11.93 +.10 [ Mwvlns n 1027 —43 1 FPDyMt P 1237 Gblnc 14J8 —45 I STGtob 7.24 —44 Fxdlncm 10.12 —04 

— 41 MultiA 495 —03 TRIII 921—83 BondP 948-4! MuniAp X97 — 03 Batanced n 1221 -JQl mnGr 1X59—45 InstGv 2546 

1X10—O4 GvSecP B.03 — 44 Bond pn 1032 —43 

+421 EAFE 1273 -45 I LDII 

LowOurn 1049 -42 I CapGr p 1X93 +.1E MnTxllp X97 —02 CcfiTx n 1023 —.051 intmlrrc 935 —41 1 InvQud p X» -44 CapGr 3X81 +^ 

1042 —42 Gold 

7.90 -21 NJTxAp 944 —03 COPGtn 2054 —13 invQIBd 930 —44 TFBdA 1052—46 CapGrBt 3236 +28 

Tedinol 10.93 +45 MtgSecs 10.17 —48 Bond 943 -42 Short Tn 9.95 - Growth p 1254 — li NwOpA 0 2X23 -.10 Devtdapn3446 + 49 Lldln 1026 _ TmsamencaSpct Equity pn 1115 +44 

TX TF 102B . -MMPr&n 1040 -42 GrEq 1520 -.02 Frynn 1026—06 Income p 1044 —K NYTxAp 9.00 —03 EmMklncll^ —.10 OH ReaSt 1448 + 47 BKStot 1125 Gowtnc 1127 —42 

TotRetrn 948 + 44 MMPxbiln 933 —02 IndxBd 1047 —43 Global n 949 + 41 Europe P 1855 +2! NYOpAp X78 — 42 CNMAn 1459 —49 OHTF 1047 —41 CATFB 1023—45 Grtnc 3149 -47 

USGvl X94 — 44 MSB Fdn 1724 +.14 indxEq 1X72 -46 HiYld 1043 —01 RonrFdp2X36 +.1C OTCEp 1154 +41 Ctobln 24.79 +.13 spIGrSrtc 19.19—11 EmGBI 2652 —45 GWWshP 1X47 +21 

Kempor Invst Madkeiuto Grp; JSStA Ills *42 Grwihn 1421 +.05 PinMBd p 1020 — 4: OhTxllp 940 —03 ®SmCo 1655—43 SplValSt 1050 + 47 Gvmct 958 —04 GnnBr 31.00 +.06 

DMnct 624 - 41 A«GvAp 937 +41 STBd 1029 LTUSGn 1020—06 IntlGr 2231 —Or PATE 920 —43 Goldn 1354 + 56 Uklnx 1048 + 44 GrlnBt 1152 -43 intlEaA 1226 *48 

Equity pn 1X15 +46 

Btrtonn ° 1249 TjOT x j-86 —24 Ertidnco n ^920 — 48 F 01 - Series BalTn 1211 > Goldman 5adtS Inst " DMnct"' 624 -41 1 "aSgvA 

S aj 8 Sft’,!ss;s s? 'll? : sa is=s lai., Z 1 

S25. p »'I§t8 HviBStS BBS' SIS! !K 8 =S h *+>l SS™=B 

7-2} — .Odl AmerFdplX85 +.14 ValEq 1239 -.12 I PNC Ponds: 

Ptarrllp 19.11 +4« I Tx&cAp 9JN — 43 Grwlncn 1753 +.10 1 uSGvtln 10.96 -44 HYTFt 956 -44 NYTF 1158+42 

I*# +.19 CA Mun P 1020 — Olt-Wlnd 1253 +41 BatWiraS 1X57 — 01 PJaThree P 71 47 +4i j TFInAp 1437 -43 i jnranw n 1329 -45] valStlc 1042 +41 1 HjYWl 

FSSSS.?iSm + ® DivGrAn 1026 +45 Equfty ^1056 + 42 HTYBdt 1055 —44 FxInTn 1020 —03 STGov 941—03 STGI 

rSMB^ifrS - m ^qltocAn 1X90 +45 Gmdtoco 940 —m Mixwlt 12.14 +44 HiGctTFBpl054— 05 Gowttt Funds: Shttnt 

Jan* “n? FocGrAnlX93 +48 LTGovt 944 FFB Lexicon: HKknFCtl054— 05 DvIpBd X87 — 45 SmCp 

Tm ShtDurn 1043 _• MunHnc 1029—01 CapApp 1120 + 43 MnBdTn 1XT3 -43 EinaMk 1758 — 26 T0IR1 

m Si BdA n 2008 - Dwra water Fxdln 1029 -43 NCMunCt 9.97 -47 GIGvin 957 —10 Kempe 

12 -12 — “ SmColA 1172+44 . AmVmt2199 - 13 MGv 10.19-41 USGvtB p 935 -45 IntlEq 1X99 —17 

5 0V !f ? Va-M USGv An 1938 —01 rnrrrfit rofi SelVaiuepll.94 +41 LtSGvtCr 975 —05 PfcSlg 957 -47 SI ln 

Bakmc 1256 —01 ST Inc 

TFInAp 1437 —S3 Income n 1329 -45 vcdSIk 1042 +41 HiYld t X22 .. ST Bd P 1044 
TFHYA 1454—44 IntemaH n44.17 +.13 SourdShn 1636 + 45 NatRst 1556 —46 TFIncm 1149 

ST Gil 721 -JJ5 Rxlncp 1046 — 43 AdlRflADXaS — 42 CoreEql HUH +42 TaxFrwplX20 — 01 TFHYBt 1454 — 44 IntlBdn 1349 + 45 SAM SC 1X7B -.15 TFBdBt 10.42—46 Votumet 1552 +.17 

Shttm r 827 —41 Global 1233 - 47 AdlRtTA n 955 —42 CoreEaS 1047 + 42 USGvp 10.15 — . 0 *. TFInBt 1448 — 43 LittArnrr 2248 — 29 sAMVoln 1723 ♦ .09 Trust For CTOd l/rc VoymeurFds: 

SmCpEqnlJ7 +42 udMuP l«4 +41 SSSct 1IW +S Growthl 1147 +.16 WnthREI 1X64 +.1C Toxasp 949 —43 M A Txn 1354 —42 SoTrVlcnBd1IL36 — 44 GSP 949—41 AZIns 10.00 —43 

Tolfiett 1A18 +.06 nyMWp XmUi Brf&fn n 14 +£ IdxEa l"+44 FtowJaHray: USGvApxllOl — 13 M«m=n 1028 -41 SoTrVtaet105S +41 MSP 9.84 -41 COTF 1059—07 

emper Premier NatMup 9 W —03 cSItAh 1 72 IrtmBdS 9^-42 Batoncpxl248 — C LIBIA P 953 -42 MMB ,857-42 ^ 3751 —43 TMP19W 9.W —42 FUmd 054 -41 

Dtvln 626 + 41 NAmerp 740 _ Delict li:*! -06 HdGvtS 1X13-42 EmerGr 2X66+47 VstoAp 7.76 +46 NYTxn 1058 -43 Spptcos,, 930 +41 TumwGEn1191 +44 Gr^tKD 1743—10 

1X14 +20 
829 +.41 
724 -44 

5*2}^? ■’■■9] CoTFInn' 949 —45 

US Short 9.96 _| Ftos Investors 

— __ _____ Govincp 12.99 — JJB _____ _ 

GwtWt 21^ +41 CaTFSn' 1X20 > 2SlhU+ 'ao “ml WWHedO 937 -JO ' ErnGWipfSil +43 OH TF n 1X91—43 to? JnftAP' _284i +22 EJridTA 1X12+45 PA TFp“ll)20 — 04 Pac£urG i524 +S Dvrirfl'tx 1255 Z47 TxFHYn 1147 —07 — 

CdfTFHn 923 -05 WW Friln 959 -05 Intfrl PX 1ft» -47 toValP 1X68 +.13 kStfLis: m ™M 10^ +42 STBdl Zoi Sector P 1747 +.11 GeoBt 1355 +41 Vduen^ 1199 +44 “Xc 1444 Z 

BJoZnr S!j^ p +Jn EtonlA 1155-41 Man«.-ednX44 — 04 MNTE 1039 -4: CATxBt X45 -43 STBoddnllJ* _.M ^sjfcn 3113 Growth n 2146 +.19 MO Ins 10J0 — 0* 

113 T42 £K AP J-2 ^ MSSedSlOjM— 04 NattTE 1X78 -43 ConvBt 1942 + 49 SSl Sl5 J HOTjnvn 1041 +.10 NatfTF 10^ -.03 

CnApt 2055+5 GAI TA n 1053 . SmO»VS1335 +49 Value Px 1MB _ FLTxBt 945 —43 1X38 

1X22 +42 GvtTAn 10.15—47 SmC«,VI 1X71 +44 PiprTrlD 937—0! GK3rti t 950 —43 SeafirstlRA: 

X14 GvttCt 10.15—07 wSS5l ifji _ PtorTVStlD *.91 — 01 GrlnB tx 1145 — 02 AwetA 346 

1407 +46 InMuTAn 9.92 ^ VotoS 1134 +41 PtanTTNOc TD4S - HtthBt 2X43 +41 «Ch 1732 

U.Jl +W IntEqTAnlXM +46 pRA^^n 948 +41 PtJrtjcoFda: HlYkfflt 1325 + 42 .Bond _ 1X91 

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p^i/® *2-0? . CoTTFLn 1149 —47 Tm Zni FMBFund! 

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M£TyA p 946 NTTFLn 1151 —02 MbCAt 10A4 -47 Gaplt 

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aJEr-^ P in«o ~ ’ ni Tlxl99S n 94.15 ,+ 41 MUNJT 1051 — 43 Farmnf 

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MMfA p 856 —m Tv2010n 3499 —17 N>TjiFf 1X94 —44 FafiCionon 

856 —48 T af2015 n 26.13 —20 NfRst 1138—04 Federated f 

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IncnmeBt 743 — 01 Securty Funds Fxdlnan n2038 — .08 LfSGvn 950—41 Global 944+41 

InvBt 824 +44 BondP 746—44 GIFxInn 1929 —07 Value n XI 4 —42 WanSt X17 — 05 

MATxBt 921 — 43 Equity 558—41 lnt1Eqlyn2M8 — 14 vfatan 1050 + 44 worbuni Pincus 

Munfflt X97 — 03 EqGlA 1031 -42 tottFxIn n 024 -.10 uSLmjeShi nX16 +41 Grlncn 1450 +.15 

NJTxBt 944—03 Grtnc 759 +41 MA TEBD *052 —54 IfSAA Group: CopApp n 14.12 -44 

NwOppB 12546 +.10 TXEx 751 —47 Securn 19.96-46 AusvGth n2X40 - JJ7 EmGthn 2246 -42 

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STMlbl 942—04 STFrxJnc 940 - Dtol 2640+48 gPGR »» +-V ^A((p 1432 +41 CcrAppp 14.96 +44 FtxBt 1042 -43 

Techp 2857— 21 SCMuni 1X44 —JO DfcW 744-42 5A5 -46 CopAp ^p 25.W +.12 DrvUlCPx 1022 -48 FOAH 1 10.99-41 Gvtincn 758 

wtdlncp 148 M BkmclKtrd Funds: TsvRsI 944 —42 GWResc 17.12—15 Copitlpx 1737 + 44 IncGrp 1146 +41 GJOpBt 1934 +J0 iSibIiX Ojn 

AmSouth Funds AmerEqnlO.lS +46 Defcrarav Group: Gorvlnp 940 —44 + -55 LMGOVPX922 -43 GvSBt 946 —43 KwCwnl024 

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Page 14 


JOBS: Concern That Today’s Jobless Young Will Be Tomorrow’s Lawless 

Continued from Fags 9 I". 1 * v. '■ v;. - * ■!* * - V--" Pl "| and America's mobile jobs culture 

France, as of 1992, 23.1 percent of [ Lond^Teitn 0fieifl)^lOyniei)i ' ' : B«l critics consider that to be ; 

Continued from Page 9 
France, as of 1992, 23.1 percent of 
the unemployed were aged 18 to 
25: in Britain the share was 29.6 
percent; in Italy the proportion was 
more than 47 percent. 

“We are very worried,*’ confided 
a French official who did not wish 
to be named. “If you look at the 
figures you will find that in our 
country 60 percent of the last 
300,000 people who registered for 
unemployment were the young.” 

Bryan Gould, a respected Labor 
Party member of the British Parlia- 
ment, says, “Europe’s policymak- 
ers are taking very severe risks.” He 
says he is so discouraged by what 
he terms the failures of economic 
policy that he is leaving politics. 

Mr. Gould predicts “a perma- 
nent high level of unemployment” 
in Europe and says he would be 
very surprised if the level, now- 
more than 1 1 percent in the Euro- 
pean Union, were to decline much 
below 10 percent by the turn of the 
century. He contends that the long- 
term unemployed in Europe will 
become increasingly alienated, 
both socially and politically. 

“This is the classic seedbed for 
extremism and racism,” he says, 
“and that is what happened in Eu- 
rope in the 1920s and 1930s. when 
policymakers averted their glance 
from the social damage." 

This nervousness about the ranks 
of the long-term unemployed is by 
no means (he exclusive domain of 
those who are politically left of cen- 
ter. “I see now that governments are 
sp eaking about the unraveling of the 
social fabric,” says Jean-Claude 
Paye, secretary general of the Orga- 
nization for Economic Cooperation 
and Development. “The govern- 
ments are rightly alarmed.” 

A U.S. diplomat posted in Eu- 
rope said, “Many European politi- 
cians need a wake-up call or they 
will find their societies in big trou- 
ble. Even those who recognize the 

unemplpymenfin ihe tXS/a 
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Inrenuriviul Herald Tnhunc 

The European Union has nearly 
eight times more long-term unem- 
ployed partly because rules on hir- 
ing' and firing are so much tighter 
that they act as a disincentive for 
companies to take on workers as 

rapidly as their U.S. counterparts. 
The more compressed and higher 

problem of long-term unemploy- 
ment seem unwilling to act” 

meat seem unwilling to act 
Ursula Engelen-Kefer, deputy 
chairman of Germany’s Trade 

Union Council, says it may only be 
later this decade that the alarm 

later this decade that the alarm 
bells will finally ring. “If measures 
are not taken we are going to see a 
situation in parts of Europe that 
resembles the pattern of homeless- 
ness and crime in Manhattan, 1 " she 
says. “The rich will have expensive 

and well-guarded apartments and 
the unemployed will have a strug- 
gle to even have a home.” 

Many of those interviewed said 
the only choice for Europe is to try 
and generate service-sector jobs to 
replace those lost by workers in 
manufacturing industry. Yet all of 
the political, business and union 
leaders who were consulted ac- 
knowledged that European regula- 
tions remain resistant to creating 
service industry jobs. They also 
stressed ibe key differences in the 
shaping of long-term unemploy- 
ment in the U.S. and Europe. 

The more compressed and higher 
wage scale in Europe, together with 
more costly employer contribu- 
tions, also mean that unskilled or 
semi-skilled workers find it hard to 
get new jobs quickly. Cultural bar- 
riers are another factor that make 
Europe's a less-mobile workforce. 

The availability and duration of 
more generous European unem- 
ployment benefits, and then wel- 
fare payments, also means that 
benefits which were initially de- 
signed as a form of insurance 
against income loss between jobs 
now are bang used as instruments 
for long-term income support. 

Unemployment insurance bene- 
fits in the United States generally 
expire after six months and repre- 
sent an average of 50 percent of 
previous earnings; In Germany, for 
example, the duration can be up to 
35 months and the coverage up to 
63 percent of prior wages. 

Tile specialists say there are con- 
structive steps which can be taken. 
The position or the European 
Round Table of Industrialists is 
not far away from the recent Euro- 
pean Commission White Paper on 
employment, which suggests stimu- 
lating private sector investment in 
infrastructure projects by way of 
regulatory relief. 

Policymakers agree that as Eu- 
rope's population ages, new jobs 
may be created in tire nursing and 
health-care sector. Environmental 
services and advanced transport 
systems could also be net job gener- 
ators later in the 1990s. 

Yet EU officials in Brussels com- 
plain the White Paper is being ig- 

nored by most European Union 
governments, while growing new 
sectors mil require newly trained 
workers and wiO not provide enough 
work for the bedrock population of 
those unemployed — who could still 
represent close to 10 percent of the 
workforce by the year 2000. 

Many in Europe believe the solu- 
tion lies in reduced working weeks, 
work-sharing or part-time, solu- 
tions that may serve companies 
with over-capacity such as Volks- 
wagen AG, but which ultimately 

and America's mobile jobs culture. 
But critics consider that to be a 
worthy ideal almost impossible to 
put into practice. 

In Detroit this week Ibe US. dele- 
gation will repeat its call for lower 
interest rates in Germany and 
France as a way of stimulating 
growth. But economic growth is not 
enough to generate many new jobs, 
and it is not the answer when Eu- 
rope's crisis is also a structural one. 

Kenneth Clarke. British chancel- 
lor of the exchequer, will trumpet 
Britain's relative success in cutting 
red tape and deregulating the labor 
market. But Continental Europe's 
politicians, facing numerous elec- 
tions over the next two years, are 
afraid to experiment with anything 
radical, and that includes tamper- 
ing with workers' rights or the cost- 
ly welfare stale. 

What is certain is that necessary 
private-sector industrial restructur- 
ing will go forward, bringing with it 
record levels of unemployment in 
the European Union over the next 
12 months. Privatization is also 
moving ahead, and if the manage- 
ments of privatized companies are 
efficient this can only spell layoffs. 

“There is no magic bullet,” Mr. 
Reich said last week, already seek- 
ing to play down expectations from 
the G-7 meeting. Officials from the 
French, German, Italian, and Brit- 
ish delegations to Detroit have 
done the same, saying they are go- 
ing to Detroit “to listen." 

Christopher Gets Earful From U.S. Firms 

By Elaine Sciolino 

j&etr York Timer Service 

BEIJING — Representatives of some of 
America's largest corporations told Secretary 
of State Warren M. Christopher on Sunday 
that the Clinton administration's China poli- 
cy. weighted heavily on human rights, was 
undermining U.S. businesses trying to take 
the lead in China's booming economic expan- 

the lead in China's booming economic expan- 

Mr. Christopher, already rebuffed by Chi- 
nese leaders for his insistence that they im- 
prove their country's performance on human 

rights if they expect renewal of preferential 
trade benefits in June, faced indignant execu- 

tives from such American business giants as 
American Telephone & Telegraph Co.. Gen- 

only lead to a lower wage appor- 
tionment of existing work. 

tiomnent of existing work. 

Mr. Reich is keen for the world’s 
labor markets to combine the best 
of Europe’s ability to train workers 

When it comes to Europe’s jobs 
crisis, therefore, the reality is that 
short-term politics are acting as a 
brake on dramatic action. Europe's 
leaders admit this much: Things 
will have to get worse before bold 
bat truly effective steps are taken 
to make them better. 

American Telephone & Telegraph Co.. Gen- 
eral Electric Corp. and Dow Jones & Compa- 
ny Inc. 

Mr. Christopher also had a 75-mimite 
meeting on Sunday with President Jiang Ze- 
min. who, like other Chinese officials, dis- 
missed Mr. Christopher's demand that Beij- 
ing improve its human rights performance as 
meddling in China's internal affairs. 

"You cannot become a fat man with one 
big meal,” Mr. Jiang told Mr. Christopher at 
one point during a lengthy monologue pep- 
pered with aphorisms and references to Chi- 
na’s 5,000-year history, according to Winston 
Lord, the assistant U.S. secretary of state for 
East Asian Affairs. 

The saying was apparently intended to 
convey the idea that China, with its long 
history and culture, would not allow a young 
country like the United States to dictate the 
pace o’f its internal reform. 

Later in the day, John Shattuck, the assis- 
tant U.S. secretary of state for human rights, 
met with his Chinese counterpart, Qin Hua*. 
sun, in what one senior State Department 
official called a more constructive meeting. 

The official added that he expected the two 
sides to announce one small step, perhaps 
before Mr. Christopher leaves Beijing on 
Monday: the codification of an agreement. 

reached in principle when Treasury Secretary 
Lloyd Bentsen visited Beijing in January, to 
reopen Chinese prisons to American customs 
officers to ensure that prison factories are not 
making goods for export to the United States. 

By taking a generally inflexible line, the 
Chinese were gambling that Washington 
would suffer too much it if revoked the trade 
privileges under a policy that ihey see as 
driven by anti-China lawmakers in Congress. 
Such a revocation would slap stiff duties on 
nearly all imports from China, thereby dos- 
ing the U.S. market to billions of dollars of 
Chinese exports and damaging the Chinese 
economy. China would inevitably retaliate by 
shunning the American market. 

Mr. Christopher's session with American 
business executives showed how unpopular 
the administration's policy is with a number 
of those who are trying to do business here. 

At a breakfast meeting with the American 
Chamber of Commerce in Beijing, the execu- 
tives characterized the American strategy as 

that more than 167.000 -high-technology 
American jobs would depend on it. 

'We are constantly reminded by our Chi- 
le partners that tne annual fear of MFN 

misguided. They told Mr. Christopher that 
China was much more open than it had been 
a decade ago and that the best way to im- 
prove human rights in China was to open up 
the country to new markets. 

But Mr. Christopher rejected that analysis. 
He insisted that the United States was asking 
the Chinese to make only modest human 
rights improvements so that the United 
States could legally renew the preferential 
trade status when it expires in June. 

He urged members of the organization of 
about 300 American companies “to use your 
influence — which I know from my conversa- 
tions is considerable — to convince the Chi- 
nese it is in their interest to make at least the 
limited progress on human rights that we 

The Chamber greeted Mr. Christopher 
with a written statement, appealing to Presi- 
dent BiQ Clinton to renew China’s trade priv- 
ileges unconditionally. The statement said 

nese partners that the annual fear of MFN 
withdrawal raises serious questions about the 
credibility of our commitment to China for 
long-term commercial relationships, relation- 
ships that the Chinese can count on.” said 
William Warwick, chairman of AT&T China, 
Inc., referring to tne most-favored-aation 
trade privileges. 

He added, ‘The choices for American com- 
panies tike mine are stark. Either we establish 
a major presence in the China market or we 
forget about being a global player, forget 
even about being able to defend our home 

Mr. Christopher said after the meeting that 
he had not been surprised by the reaction of 
the business community, but that it had to 
have more “realism” and begin to accept that 
the policy of the president was fully support- 
ed by the Congress and would not change. 

Mr. Christopher's first trip to China as 
secretary of state has been marked by a tense 
atmosphere amid the continuing arrest and 
interrogation of Chinese dissidents. At least 
17 dissidents have been picked up by the 
police over the past two weeks, and some 
remain in custody. 

In Shanghai on Sunday, the dissident Yang 

** a *!: up 

PC '■ 

5. s ' 



Zhou was released after being held by the 
police for two nights. in what he interpreted 

police for two nights, in what he interpreted 
as “a silent warning." In Beijing, the activist 
Xin Hong was released Sunday afternoon but 
was told she Would have to report all her 
activities to the police. 

To avoid appearing too cozy with his hosts, 
Mr. Christopher canceled a largely-symbolic 
tour of the capital and asked the Chinese not 
to hold a formal banquet, with the requisite 

to hold a formal banquet, witn me requisite 
toasts in his honor. He told reporters on 

Sunday that he had decided not to meet with 
Chinese dissidents in part because none of 
them had asked for a meeting and because 
such a meeting could endanger them. 

It’s Worse Than It Looks in Germany JAE4N: Arm-Twisting Works in Dealing With Tokyo on Trade, U.S. Says. 

By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — With more than 4 mil- 
lion unemployed in all of Germany 
there are plenty of people dunking 
about the jots crisis. Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl is certainly among 
those giving the subject ample 

cussed the contents in an interview. 
“Industrial growth,” he said, would 
not cure Germany's jobs crisis, not 
even when the recovery picks up 
over the next couple of years. “The 
other illusion is the idea of a greater 
role for job-creation programs.” 

Continued from Page 1 

veloped by Nippon Telegraph & 
Telephone Corp. 

If the dispute had not been set- 

chagrined Japanese official said 
last week. 

to complete a fully competitive net- 
work for Motorola bv December 

tied by Thursday, the U.S. trade 
representative, Mickey Kantor, 
would have named specific Japa- 
nese^ rod ucts targeted for punitive 

“This agreement validates our 
results-oriented approach," Mr. 
Kamor said Saturday. 

thought — his own job, at stake in 
this October’s general election, may 
depend on it 

Next mouth Germany will have a 
handy new guide to the subject from 
a member of the government's 
Council of Economic Advisers. 
Host Siebert, president of the Kiel 
Institute of World Economics, will 
publish a book an German unem- 
ployment that begins by estimating 
the real level of joblessness at 6 
million, a full one- third higher than 
official figures indicate. 

Mr. Siebert pulls few punches in 
his new book, “Are the Germans 
Running Out of Work?" He dis- 

The main message of the book is 
that a completely new public policy 
orientation is needed in Bonn, 
starting with acceptance that most 
uewjobs will not be high-wage jobs. 
Germany, says Mr. Siebert. has not 
succeeded in building “a produc- 
tivity and wage staircase” that of- 
fers a wide range of salaries, de- 
pending on skills. 

But is German society ready to 
accept sacrifice? For the time being 
Mr. Siebert is pessimistic. “Most 
people assume Germany is a high- 
wage economy and will remain that 
way," he answers. “We do not have 
much time to change. It needs to be 
done in the next three years. There is 
still lots of convincing to be done.” 

would have named specific Japa- 
nese products targeted for punitive 

The agreement belies the claims 
of Japanese officials that Japan is 
resisting gaiauu, or foreign pres- 
sure, in favor of naiatsu, or inter- 

nally generated pressure, in setting 
economic policy. Indeed, the U.S. 

Despite indignation in Tokyo 
ver what they consider U.S. bully- 

over what they consider U.S. bully- 
ing, ibe prospect of sanctions ap- 
pears to be weakening Japanese re- 
sistance to U.S. insistence on 
numerical commitments by Japan 
to open its markets. Disagreement 
over that issue led to the break- 
down of trade talks during last 
month's meeting in Washington 
between Prime Minister Momriro 
Hosokawa and Mr. Qmtoo. 

“We’re going to make Mickey 
Kantor a hero — and I hate it,” a 

economic policy. Indeed, the U.S. 
pressure appears to have helped 
Mr. Hosokawa push his govern- 
ment's negotiators into resolving 
the dispute, according to U.S. offi- 

The deal provides Mr. Clinton's 
negotiators with an example of 
what the United States is seeking 
for automobiles and auto parts, in- 
surance and medical and telecom- 
munications equipment — - an 
agreement with timetables and tar- 

While the accord does not guar- 
antee Motorola a share of central 
Japan’s huge cellular phone mar- 
ket, it commits Nippon Idou Tsu- 
shin and the Japanese government 

work for Motorola by December 

Neither Japanese nor U.S. offi- 
cials say they think Japan is about 
to surrender outright on the issue 
of numerical goals. But three major 
Japanese auto companies — 
Toyota Motor Corp.. Mazda Mo- 
tor Corp. and Mitsubishi Motor 
Corp. — announced last wed: that 
they intended lo establish "volun- 
taiy goals” for purchasing Un- 
made auto parts, mostly to supply 
their factories in the United States. 

To underscore that these compa- 
nies were not acting on their own, 
the international trade and indus- 
try minister, Hiroshi Kumagai, 
made it char that his powerful min- 
istry was spurring them on. 

To be sure, it is too early to 
determine whether the threat of 
sanctions ultimately will elicit 
enough concessions to satisfy the 
administration and Congress. In- 
deed, U.S. officials complain that 
the figures for auto parts purchases 
floated in the press appear to repre- 
sent a sharp slowdown in growth 
from the goals announced when' 
President George Bush visited To- ' 
kyo in January 1992. 

Ideavor Be 

bib rath 

Mr. Hosokawa's promise to pro- 
jcc a voluntary package itself in- 

“Many business people say the 
United Stales offers the world's 

most open market,” be said “It 
would not be wise to let ourselves 
get shut out of that market." 

duce a voluntary package itself in- 
dicates that the administration's 
hard-line stance poses little risk to. 
underlying U.S.-Japan ties. Indeed, 
the calchphrase among Japanese 
commentators and political leaders 
is “the ball is in Japan's court” — 
meaning that while the U.S. de- 
mands may be unreasonable, To- 
kyo must respond with responsible 
and far-reaching efforts to reduce 
its trade surplus and lower import 

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Page 15 

Can 16 Women Outsail Men? 

America’s Cup Will Be a Mast-to-Mast Test 

Rv Anmir Dk. 11 : 

By Angus Phillips 

Washington Post Service 

women compete successfully 
agsm* the same number of men at 

tbetop fevd of agrand prix sport in 

years is daonrint Many wwedubi- 

ous when word first circulated that 
K.och was considering a women’s 
team, but some doubts eased when 
be introduced the first part of the 
team Wednesday in New York. 

yiiAsponm ^zr ni incw iun. 

wiuco size, strength and quickness 1116 leaders come with solid in- 

mhiii? W«11 find An> temarinnol — » *■ 1 . , 

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on Trc 

count? We’ll find out. 

Wednesday’s announcement 
that the America's Cup sailing 
duamnon Bill Koch would turn 

over fiis top two boats, design data. 

coaches and several million dollars 

in seed money to a team of women 

to race m next year’s Cup off San 
Diego is just the spark to refocus 
flagging attention on yachting's 
premier event 

It marks the first time in interna- 
tional competition that a team of 
women athletes will compete head- 
to-head against men, and moch of 
the worid surely will tune in. But do 
the women have a dance? 

Koch said the men’s team he 

assembled for the 1992 Cup ana- 
lyzed what it took to win and came 
; up with this formula: 55 percent 
boat speed, 20 percent tactics, 20 
; percent crew work and 5 percent 

luck. Of the 20 percent anew work, 

: only cme- tenth was strength-relat- 
ed, he said, “so strength us only 2 
percent of the equation.” 

*_ Still the idea of women jumping 
-ato a high-stakes event that has 
been the province of men for 143 

jernarional sailing credentials: AJ- 
hson Jolly and Lynne Shore, who 

'Strength Is only 

2 percent of the — 

. , ing for many years. The question 

equation. also remains whether the women’s 

RiTlYAAi. team can muster the strength need- 

ocn, cd to move heavy sails up and 

backer of women’s team down as quickly as larger, more 

experienced sailors. 

are Olympic gold medalists; Betsy “1 guess rite biggest fit woman 
Alison, a four-time yachtswoman yon^ find is about 180 pounds,” 
of the year; Dawn Riley, a two- said Jofl y. who weighs about 60 
time veteran of the Whitbread pounds (30 kilograms) less than 
Round-the-World Race, and J. J. that. “That’s small for a guy. We’ll 
Isler, Olympic bronze medalist. he giving up about 60 pounds a 

Koch's team also signed the “ d , wi ‘ h 16 how, 

Olympic rowers Step hanie Max- ^^ scCtOiats almost 1,000 pounds 
well-Piersoa, Anna Seaton and Ali- ri £ ht thcre - 
son Townley for strength. How In addition to less strength and 
strong are they? “i understand sat, it means less movable ballast 
Stephanie can bench-press ber hus- to hike out on the rail to level the 
band,” Isler said. boat against the force of the wind. 

The team made an im p ressive JoOy said, 
aght and spoke with fiery comic- But Isler locked on the bright 
no £: side. In San Diego, her home. 

I see 11 as an incredible opporta- winds are light, lessening the de- 
mty for women, and far female atb- mands for strength to haul in 

and weight to level the boat. She 
-a- # a said she thought the time was right 

IQtc I a-f-f-f-i n far a women’s effort 

Alia j usuna ^ ^ world 

-u -w- so nobody has leapfrogged in boat 

11*4*941 I Art 1 design” ahead of the boats America 

ivvei and Kanza. which the women’s 

team will start with. 


anyweredubi- fetes in particular,'’ said Seaton, now 
circulated that a jonmaHan student at Cohimhia 
rig a women’s University. “I thought a bronze 
!>ts eased when medal at the Olympics was the 
rst part of the greatest moment of my life. Now 1 
New York. think that’s still of me.” 

rJlSiSii? a!" Despite hs background, the team 

some hurdfes to overcome. 
nc Shore, who Most of thdr experience is concen- 
trated in smaller craft, not the 75- 
onlv foot-long (22-meter) carbon-fiber 

UUi / Cub boats that some competitors, 

f the like Dennis Conner, have been safl- 

t o... . . 

1 -• — • 

Endeavor Beats Justitia 
In 4th Whitbread Leg 

The Associated Press 

— Grant Dalton's maxi-class New 
Zealand Endeavor edged Intrum 
Justitia, the European Whitbread 
60-class yacht skippered by Brit- 
ain’s Lawrie Smith, by only 5 1/2 
minutes on Sunday to win the 
fourth leg of the Whitbread Round 
the World yacht race. 

Endeavor was the first of the 14 
yachts to complete the 5,914-mile 
(9388-k3ometer) leg from Auck- 
land, New Zealand, which started 
Feb. 20. 

Both yachts also are racing in 
their two separate classes. Endeav- 
or increased its lead over Merit 
Cup in the maxi-dass from 11 hours 
to 15. Intrum leaped from fifth to 

second in the 60 dass, cutting To- 
kyo's lead from 19 hours to 14. 
Merit Cup was the third yacht to 

fourth, almost five hours behind 

Contrary winds had delayed the 
fleet’s arrival by several hours. Hu- 

ey’s Maine-based syndicate PACT 

In January, the three UJ>. entries 

Ml I ‘ ■ a _ . « . 

new s diuvdi ay several nouis. eu- “ uum. umia 

deavor crossed the line at 2: 26 will begin four months of trials for 
AJVL on Sunday, five minutes and Ore right to defend the Cup. The 
39 seconds later it was followed by winner wiD get to race the Cup 
Intrum. match in May 1995 against the top 

The 32,000-mile six-leg race is c hallen g er from a field of eight 
expected to finish in Southampton, from five nations. 

England, in July. The next leg be- The women will be the first U.S. 
gins when the yachts leave Punta entry to start training. They win 
del Este an April 2 for the 5,475- race America and Kanm off Ran 
mile fifth leg to Fort La u de r dale, Diego be ginnin g April 2, coached 
Florida. by veterans of Koch’s 1992 team. 

Moe Outraces 
Girardelli to Win 
First Cup Title 

Mi Penxm/Ajnwr Fnacr-fttMC 

Norway’s Ade Skaardal taking a jump en route to his downhill victory in Whistler, British Cohnnlna. 

The Associated Press 

WHISTLER, British Columbia 
— Tommy Moe, one of the Ameri- 
can stars of the Winter Olympics, 
captured his first Worid Cup vic- 
tory Sunday when be won the su- 
per-giant slalom. 

Moe. of Palmer, Alaska, covered 
the course in 1:3122. Marc Girar- 
ddli of Luxembourg was second in 
1:31.93, while Werner Perathoner 
of Italy was third in 1:32.05. In 
T-ill rfiflmm er, Moe won the Olym- 
pic downhill and was second in the 
super-giant slalom. 

“I wanted to win hoe." said 
Moe, 24, who finished back in the 
pack at races last week in Aspen, 

“Aspen was brutal” he said. “1 
lost some of my concentration 
coming down from the Olympics. 
I*m back in form now and it feels 
good to be in there.” 

Moe was third in the World Cup 
downhill in Whistler ou Saturday. 

Atle Skaardal of Norway won 
that race, beating Hannes Tnnkl of 
Austria by nearly four-tenths of a 
second and scoring the sixth Worid 
Cup dow nhill of his career in 

It also was SfcaardaTs third March 
victory in Canada in four years. 

“I think it’s the springtime — it 
makes me fed good,” said Skaar- 
dal 28. 

Skaardal won last year’s race 
here, when Moe was second. He 

also won a March 1991 race at Lake 
Louise, Alberta. 

Trinkl covered the 3,800-meter 
course in 2:11.69, .04 ahead of 
Moe, who finished third. 

Girardelli finished seventh Sat- 
urday but still leads the Worid Cup 
downhill standings with 520 points. 
T rinkl moved into second place 
with 456 while Caiy Mullen re- 
mained third with 429. 

Girardelli earned $39,000 for 
winning the Club Five Grand Prix 
competition, which combines the 
best results from the classic races at 
Val d'Isfere, France; Val di Garde- 
na, Italy; KitzbhheL Austria; Wen- 
gen. Switzerland, and Gannisch- 
Panenkirchen, Germany. Whistler 
was substituted for the German 
race, which was canceled because 
of weather conditions. 

Bad weather and poor snow have 
made super-Gs a rare species on 
the World Cup circuit this year. 
Sunday’s race was only the fourth 
of the season. 

Training was cancelled Thursday 
because of rain, while soft snow 
and poor visibility delayed the start 
of the downhill on Saturday. 

But Trinkl said the weather had 
not been a major problem. 

“There was a little problem with 
the sight,” be said. “It’s not the 
best I think it's on the Limit but it's 

U.S. and Mexico Urge FIFA to Curb Fouls With Rule Change 

MISSION VIEJO, California — The 
national coaches of two 1994 World Cup 
finalists have proposed a radical rule 
change to cut down on fouls and penalize 
teams for playing negative soccer. 

Bora Mfiutinovic, the U.S. coach, and 
Miguel Mejia Baron, Mexico’s coach, have 
written to the head of FIFA, soxer’s gov- 
erning body, suggesting that a direct free 
kick from the edge of the current penalty 
area be awarded against 3 team for every 
five fouls committed by its players outside 
the penalty area. 

No defenave wall would be allowed in 
front of the ball but the goalkeeper would 
be free to- move inside the goal area. 

Fouls committed inside the area would 
still be punished with a kick from the 
penalty spot, the proposal says. 

“In basketball a team is penalized for 
the number of personal fouls and this 
would be the same in football” Miiutino- 
vic said. 

The letter from Milutinovic and Mqia 
Baron to J 0 S 0 Havelange, FIFA's presi- 

dent. said the proposal targeted teams 
“considered ill-natured or which practice 
‘anti-soccer.’ ” 

“We have observed in many parts of the 
worid games with fouls number ing greater 
than fifty," the letter said. 

“These games are constantly interrupt- 
ed with fouls at midfield, tactical fouls, 
numerous fouls not committed by the 
same player and games that end with aO-O 
draw with no expulsions," it added. 

Milutinovic said the suggestion would 
allow natural ball players to flourish with- 

out bring smothered by tough defensive- 
minded teams. 

The proposal to FIFA states specifical- 
ly: “Each time a team accumulates five 
fouls, the team must be punished by 
awarding a direct free kick from any point 
on the line of the semicircle of the penalty 
area without any other opponent other 
than the goalkeeper who wiH be able to 
move freely without leaving the goal area.” 

“The shooter would be allowed to shoot 
at goal without the interference of any 
opposition, around him,” the letter said. 


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- 3079 9 

- 56 296 

- 7214% 

- 318551% 

- 840021% 

- 4641 346 

- 413131V* 

- 34 2 
20 84539% 

- 6722 3% 

- 5614 364* 

- 3(0 0% 

- 276612% 
-10698 3 

- 51 81A 

- 1144 3% 

- 120510% 

B% 6% - 

2*6 2 % +v* 
13to 9 (to +% 
<7% 50to +V* 

18 1046 +% 

3 386 +V U 

31% 33% +2 
19k 19k —to 
»% »to +146 
Wi 3 +% 

“% 3«6+l% 

i i a 



O N 

A Y 


Finally, Some (Unlikely) Sparkle in European Track 

Complied fry Our Staff Frvm Dispatches 

PARIS — Russia, Britain and 
France shone os the European In- 
door Track Championships ended 
on Sunday. 

A day earlier, Colin Jackson of 
Britain had completed a historic 
double, streaking to victory in the 
60-meter hurdles after winning the 
60-meter dash on Friday. 

On Sunday, gold medals for the 
Frenchmen Christian Plaziat in the 
men's heptathlon and Daniel San- 
gouma in the 200 meters injected 
some much needed passion uto a 
generally lackluster championship. 

Nearly all of Europe's elite ath- 
letes in the track events were ab- 

After a seemingly endless succes- 
sion of victories by Russian and 
British athletes on Sunday, the 

crowd finally had something to 
cheer when Sangouma swept to vic- 
tory in the one-lap sprint and Pla- 
ziat wrapped up the gold in the 
heptathlon after dominating the 
competition for two days. 

Russia won nine of the 27 gold 
medals, while Britain captured five. 

Russian women won five gold 
medals, while their male teammates 
won four. 

Jackson’s victories accounted for 
two of those golds. He was never 
threatened in the hurdles, his speci- 

ality, winning easily Saturday in 
7.41, sh> 

ty of the world indoor record 
of 7 JO he set last week in Germa- 

ny. George Boroi of Romania was 
second in 7.57. 

Jackson set up his unprecedent- 
ed double with a victory Friday 
night in the dash. His time of 6.49 equaled 

was a meet record and just .01 off 
the European record of his compa- 
triot Linf ord Christie. 

Jackson made clear he did not 
want lo start a sprint rivalry with 
his heralded teammate. 

“It was a personal challenge and 
1 just wanted to see what can hap- 
pen," Jackson said. “Nobody can 
be compared to anyone else. It's all 
personal We are just individuals 
and what we set out to achieve is all 
on our own." 

Jackson said be has no intention 
of running the sprints outdoors, 
especially the 100 meters. 

“No. Definitely,” Jackson said. 
“It's too long. It would be a bit 

Despite hitring the first hurdle in 

his first qualifying heat Jackson 
the 11-yea 

I -year-old meet re- 

cord of 7.48, then obliterated it 
with 7 J9 in the semifinals. 

The final was his sixth race in 24 

In the modem era of men’s track, 
there are no parallels to Jackson's 
feat The American Gail Devers 
has achieved doubles in the wom- 
en's ranks, but no man bos done so 
in major championships since Har- 
rison Dillard of the United States 
in the early 1950s. 

British men followed Jackson's 
successes with victories by Duaioe 
Ladejo in the 400 meters, David 
Strang in the 1 J00 meters and Dal- 
ton Grant, who pulled off a stun- 
ning success in the high jump when 

the gold medal look destined for 
Jean-Charlcs Gicquel of France, 
who had twice improved his own 
persona) best to 235 meters. 

Grant then jumped a personal 
best of 2.37 meters. If Grant had 
failed at that height, Gicquel would 
have won the gold. 

There were a number of impres- 
sive victories by some older ath- 
letes, most notably Ekaterina Pod- 
kopayeva. 41, of Russia. 

Two years ago, at the age of 39, 
she became the oldest-ever Europe- 
an indoor champion when she won 
the 1,500 meters in Genoa. 

On Sunday, she became the first 
athlete over 40 to take a title when 
she won the 1.500 meters again, 
clocking 4 minutes 06.46 seconds. 

Podkopayeva incurred a drug 

suspension in 1990, but came back 
to becoc 

. . ome the 1993 world indoor 
1 J00 champion. 

“If 1 keep healthy, I don't know 

when Hi stop." she said. “Maybe at 

Another veteran who triumphed 
was the Bulgarian hurdler Yor- 
rianka Donkova, who set four 
world outdoor records in 1986 and 
won the 1988 Olympic title. 

Donkova, 32, added to the two 
European indoor titles she won in 
the 1980s with another victory in 
Sunday’s 60-meter hurdles, dock- 
ing 7.85 seconds. 

Among other veterans to win 
gold were Nelli Fiere-Cooman, 29, 
of the Netherlands, who won the 
60-meter title for the sixth tune; (he 
Bulgarian high jumper Steflta Kos- 
tadinova, 28, and Germany's Heike 
Drecbsler, 29, who won the long- 
jump title for the fourth time . 

(AP, Reuters) 

Germans Checking Charges 
Of Routine Doping in East 

' Madi 




COLOGNE — Berlin justice authorities are investigating whether 
sports officials in the former East Germany routinely gave athletes, 
including children, drugs to boost their performance. 

The city’s justice spokeswoman, Ute Fodster, told German radio 
that the inquiry was focusing on doctors who had worked for the 
former Communist government's Gymnastics and Sports Association. 

Foelster said there was suspicion that an official program of 
administering performance-enhancing dregs to top athletes was 
controlled by a special Communist Party committee. 

A leading German professor, Werner Frankc, said doping in the 
former East Germany had resulted in several deaths. 

Franke, a molecular biologist, told German radio that experiments 
with anabolics had killed an unknown number of people due to liver 
damage. He said he had found evidence of experimentation in secret 
files made public after East and West Germany were reunited. 



The files 

> r v^ 




Aftanfle DtvMIM 

W L 



New York 

42 19 




37 23 




33 27 



New Jersey 

32 39 




22 37 




0 41 




19 41 

Central Otohkm 


22 W 


42 IB 




39 22 




K 36 




32 27 




25 34 




17 44 




15 44 



MktWMl DIvJlW* 

W L 



San Antonia 

U 11 


— . 


41 17 




42 20 




39 31 




16 44 




3 53 

Pacific Division 




44 IS 




» M 




38 0 



Gal den 5 tot* 

38 25 



LA. Lakers 

23 38 



LA. Clippers 

21 38 




21 40 



Atatote-Ctovetond* I Williams 61. Dvtrottas 
(Duman 11). 

CtKuTotte V IS ■ 22— ff 

Minnesota HUH tt-*1 

C: Mourning M0 2-5 28, Booms 7-10 MU. 
M: prank 5>10 M0 IS, Parian 1-30 1-2 33. Re- 
boonda— Charlotte 51 I Mourn I no 14), Minna- 
wfa S3 < Poraon I), Aaalita— Charlotta H (Bo- 
oms •), Minnesota 37 (Smith I). 

Saaffta MUM B-W 

SMI Antonio J1 27 22 19— 99 

S : Schramm 7-1 1 a-a 33, Kemp IB-17 W 21 Si 
Raw 7-10 *-4 IS, RoMnaon 10-14742* Andersen 
M7 M M. Reboeitda-Secftta 0 (Porkta* U, 


Haw York U II If tt-M 

Boston ia 1) 3S M—M 

N.Y.: E wine 10-19 8-1228, Davit 10-11 0-0 25. 
B : Radio 10-20 4-7 2b Brawn 4-12 3-3 14, Oam- 
bla 5-10 4-4 14. Rebound*— New York 50 (Ew- 
ino ID, Boston 40 (Radio IS). AhMo— H aw 
York 24 (Horner I), Boston 1$ (DdubMS 4). 
Indiana M II B 13-02 

Maw Jersey 17 M 19 33-47 

1! D. Davis HMl Miller 1-13 9-13 2fc K, 
WNIioms 4-9 0-0 A NJ.; Coleman 7-M 44 IA 
Beniamin 10-21 50 2A Rebomd*— Indiana 49 
ID. Davit 13), New Jersey N (Coleman 14). 
Aimi*— Indiana 19 [Richardson, workman 
SJ. New Jersey 23 (Anderson 9). 

Dearer 37 V 23 14-93 

Woahbigtan 31 22 31 34-100 

D: R. Williams MS 1-2 If. Robots 4-9 40 If . 
w: GuBlIotta 9-14 24 21, MacLfan 9-244-523. 
RnOoumJ* — Dtnvnr 44 (Mulombo 9), Wonh- 
Mstan 48 (Cuollotta 10). AasMa— Denver 13 
(Abdul- Rauf 4), Wart tartan 34 (Price 14). 
Phnadetphla II 23 H 19— IBS 

OllBhdO 34 21 21 30-111 

P: Weatherspoon 9-144-722, J. Malone 9-137- 
724.0: O’ Heal 12-194-11 2fc Hardaway MSM 
21, Anderson 8-13 1-3 21. Re buon dt— P hlladel- 
pwo SO (WeatlMniioiin ill, Orlando M l O’N- 
eal 21 ). Aealsta— Philadelphia if (DawklneO). 
Orlando 31 (Skllet 7). 

Phoenix M 34 25 27-122 

Miami 33 If U 29— 1*7 

P: CeballM 1 1-20 04 3A Malorte 10-14 OO 24. 
M: R) ce 8-21 2-2 2b Seiko Iv 8-14 2-2 IB, Shan 6- 
13 1-21 A Rebaaada— Phoenix 42 (Cebaltasrj), 
Miami 44 (Long, Rice, Smith 7). AetWa- 
Phoenlxai (Johnson 17). Miami 31 (Shawf). 
Chicago 13 21 20 10-77 

ANOTfe M 24 29 23-1 M 

C: Plppen V-14 00 IA Kufcoc M 2-2 1Z A: 
Ferrell 7-13 54 If, Willis 10-17 W 23. Ro- 
Bowod a CWcege «2 (Plswen 3). Atlanta <0 
(wnili 15). Assists— Chicago 13 (Mvon 4), 
Atlanta » (Blaylock 10). 

Ctavatand 22 M U 23-94 

Detroit U 1C 35 23-03 

C: PhlltsB-134-92ZHIll7-115f I9.D: T. Mills 
9-15 3-3 31, Dumars 10-19 4-7 31. Rtbea ndi 
Cleveland 44 (Hill 12), Detroit 52 (Anderson). 

San Antonio 47 (Robinson 14). AaHats-OeattW 
22 (Paytari f), San Antonio 22 (Dal Neon 4). 
Sacramento M 23 H 29— IN 

Milwaukee 32 23 M II— IBS 

5: PohmJce 10-12 34 ZL Richmond 10004-4 
75. M-. Baker f-ite-S 22. Day M2 3-lie.R*- 
bound i B cero/nenM 40 (Pofynlce 21), MIL 
waukoe 44 (Baker 11). Aaal t a— Be B Tom anto 
21 (Simmons 9), Milwoukea a (Murdock 9). 
Dalles 30 ■ II 30— 94 

LA CHppers 21 24 32 39-101 

Di Smith 4-13 3-3 IA J. Jarteon 1503 54 37. 
LA: Wilkins ll-a *4 31, Harper 10-13 M 2A 
Rebound*— Cottas S3 (J. Jackaen 12), Lea An- 
gales a (Harper lot- ah HH - D allas 19 (J. 
Jackson I), u» Anoetos 30 (ML Jackson 14). 

Atlanta 31 17 N 24-1M 

Detroit 22 17 17 34- 92 

A; Manning 10-1B 4-4 24. Willis 8-M 34 19. D: 
Mills 9-22 2-3 20. DUmars 14-20 1-1 31 Re- 
bounds— Atlanta 43 (WlUlt HI, OetroN 4 
(Mills 10). Assists— Atlanta a ( Blaylock. 
Whatley 5), Detroit 23 (Hunter, Thomas 7). 
Charlotte 27 14 21 20- 92 

NOW Jersey 0 a 27 34-1)7 

C : Mourning 4-15 5-12 17, E. Johnson 7-101-3 
IT, N J.s Coffman 1-14 1-1 20, Newman 4-12 H 
2). ReBeand s Charkrtte 43 (Meurnlne 10), 

New Jersey aoioilllamf). Ass lata “CTwiloWe 
If (Boguea5), Raw Jersey 32 (Andaraan 15). 
Mltwaufwe 24 H 23 2S— 97 

Indiana 24 n a 19-104 

M: Murdock 12-172-324, Lelwua 5-1304111: 
Me Key 9-13 5-7 24, Miller 6-12 9-9 23. Re- 
bowda-MlIwaukee 47 (atremtf), Indiana 41 
(D. Davit 14). Assleta-Mllwoukeo 27 (Mur- 
dock 9). Indkmo 28 ( Richardson 10). 
Cleveland is 21 i| 39-41 

Hew York 91 II B 25-94 

C: Hill W-16 M 22, Mills 4-13 1-2 14. N.Y.! 
Ewing 9-16 IMS 29, Dervis 5-10 0*9 IA Re- 
bouede Cleveland 52 (Hill 14), New York a 
{Oakley 13). Assists— Ctovakmd la [Brandon 
7), New York 22 (Harper 7). 

Sacramento 17 21 27 23-N 

CMaigo 30 23 25 31-111 

5: Simmons 7-147-S 21, Richmond 7-1S7-02Z 
Ci p local 9-12 3-5 20, &■ Williams 0-16 1-4 17. 
Kukoc 8-14 1-1 17. Robo u nds ■fi uc i um eni u 45 
[Simmons 7),CMeagoffl (PIp p twS. Williams, 
Lonalovl). AHMs-5acram«ita17 (w*w>5), 
Chicago 31 (Plppen f). 

San Antonie 25 23 28 31-10 

Heaton If 17 22 29— 91 

S; Robinson 1544 10-14 40, Knight 4-11 11-12 
21. Mi Olaluwon W-23 74 V. Maxwell 9-30 6-8 
24. Robeeods— San Antonio 51 ( Reunion 16), 
Houston 51 (Olaluwon IB). Assists -San Anfo- 
nlo22(RaMnsan 7), Houston 21 (Maxwell 7). 

Major College Scores 

Penn St. 71, Michigan SL 70 
Indiana 7A Wisconsin 45 
Nomiwasfani 97, Michigan 93, OT 
Arizona St. ft, Arizona 87 
Oregon M UCLA 79 
Southern Cal 69, Oregon St. « 
Stanford 76. WnMngtan 41 
Washington st. 94, California 82 
Atlantic Coast Cantsrsn 
Duka 77, damson 44 
Norm Carolina BA Florida st. » 
Virginia 49. Maryland 43 
Woks Forest 74, Georgia Tech 49 


Norm Carolina BA Wake Portal 14, OT 
virglnta 4A Duke 4! 

Big Edit Confarwics Q u arter n noli 
Connecticut 0, St. John's 77 
Georgetown II, Boston College 5B 
Providence 77, Vlllarwva 44 
Baton Hall II, Syracuse ob OT 

Georoe town 7A Seton Hall 71, OT 
Providence 0, Connecticut *7 

Big EMM Conference, Pint Retied 
Kansas 73. Kseu st 52 
Missouri 44, Colorado 42 
Nebraska IDA Oklahoma ■ 

Oklahoma 5f. 77. Iowa SI. 47 
Semin eats 

Nsbraska VA Missouri 91 
Oklahoma SL 69, Kansas 41 

Big Wor Contemns, lentUtatlt 
Balsa SL BA Weber St. 72 
Idoho St. 73, Idaho 64 

Chump tooth Ip 
Balia SI. IA Idaho St. 01 

Big West Conference, q u art wf in nli 
New Mexico Bt. 4A Nevada 47, OT 
Pacific 87, Lang Beach St. 74 
UC Irvine 7A Utah St. « 

UNLV KL 5<m Jose Sidle 4f 

New Mexico It. a. UNLV 44 
UC Irvine 82. Pacific 71 
Great Midwest Conference, Semifinals 
Cincinnati IX Marquette 43 
Memphis St. 73. It. Louis 42 
Cincinnati A Memphis St. 47 

Metre Ce nt ers n ee. First Round 
N.C Charlotte 4A South Florida 54 
Southern Mist. 79, Tutane 40 
Vtnrtnia Tech 4A Va Commonwealth 44 

Louisville 7A Virginia Tech 47 
Southern Mlea. 4A N.C Charlotte 44 
MMMmarfcai Cents rtece, lemiftiati 
Miami, owe 41, Bowling Oreen 0 
Ohio U. 79, Ball SL 70 

Ohio U, 0, Miami, Ohio 44 
Mid-Eastern Aftuetfc cent# Ouarferltaoli 
MO-E. Share 91, Delaware st 71 
Morgan Bt. 61. Ceppln St. 40 
N. Carolina AAT 61, Howard U. 57, OT 
A Carolina 51. 71 Bathune-Cookman 49 

N. Carolina AAT 7A Md.-E. Shorn 73 
A Carolina St. 49, Morgan St. 43 

Patriot Leaeae, Cbnmptaitrtip 
Navy 7A Col eat* 76 
southeastern Conference, Qe ar lerflnati 
Alabama S3. Auaum 35 
Arkansas 9A Georgia 53 
Ptartda BA South Carolina 57 
Kentucky 9A Mississippi St. 74 

Florida 4A Alabama 52 
Kentucky fA Arkansas 78 

Southwest Conference, Semifinals 
Texas 101, Rk» 0 
Texas AAM 0. Texas Tech a 
Texas 17, Texas AAM 42 
Ss u lbww si era Athletic cent. Pint Round 
Alabama St, 70, Grambiina si. 44 
Jackson SL 71, Alcorn St, 53 
Southern u. fA Miss, valley 0. M 
Texas Southern 119, Prairie View 70 

Jackson SI. 53, Alabama St. 45 
Texas Southern 10A Southern U. 84 
Wes t ern Athletic CoaferaKe, Sem Hto o li 
Brigham Young 0, Fresno St. 72 
Hawaii 41, New Mexico 0 

Hawaii 73, Brigham Young 44 


United stotas 7, south Korea 1 

WV Venlo A Alox Amsterdam 1 
FC Volendom 1, FC Groningen 0 
AKC Woahnllk I. P5V Hlndruven 1 
FC Utrecht X Vitesse Arnhem 1 
Rada JC Kerk rad* A Sparta Rotterdam 0 
FCTwenteEnsawdeLFeYenoard Rotterdam 1 
NAC Breda Z Go Aliead Eagles Deventer 2 
Cdmbuur Leeuwardon X MW Maastrldn l 
Standings: A lax Amsterdam. 44 points) 
Feyenoord R o tter d am. 38) psv Eindhoven, 
NAC Breda and Roda JC Kerkrade, 30/ 
Vitesse Am hem, 2t 1 Willem ll Tilburg and FC 
Twit* Ensdwde, 27; MW Maastrfeht, 24: 
Go Ahoad Eagles Deventer, 24; Snarla Rot- 
terdam and PC UtfgchL23; SC Ito mn vsen. 
2); WV Venlot 0; FC Votendem, 17; PC 
Groningen, 16; Cambuur Leeuwardeiu 14; 
RKC Waatwllk. II. 

Quart *rfrno;i 
Batten 0, Oldham l 
Manchester Undid A Chariton 1 
Chelsea 1, Wolverhampton D 

Aston Villa b Ipswich 1 
Manchester City b Wimbledon 1 
Newcastle 7, Swindon 1 
Norwich 1 Queens Pork Rangers 4 
So u tha mp ton 1, Sheffield Wednesday I 
Sheffield United X Leeds 2 
Liverpool x Evemn 1 
Sheffield United l Leeds 2 
ftandlnei: /uancheeter United, « points) 
Blackburn, 44; Newcastle and Arsenal, 54; 
Liverpool. 50) Leeds and Aifon Villa. 49i Shef- 
field We dne sday, 45; Norwich, 44; Quern 
Pork Rangers, 43; Wimbledon, 42; ipswfclb 
2fj Coventry and Weil Ham, 38 ; EvartaruM; 
Tottenham. ChetSM, and So u thampton, 22; 
Manchester CHv, 30; Oldham. 27; Sheffield 
United, 25; Swindon. 2A 

Lens 1, Paris Sf, Germain 2 
Strasbourg L Marseille 1 
Montpellier 1, Bordeaux 0 
Auxerr* 3. Le Havre 0 
Morftgues a Cannes 0 
Lyon 1, Monaco 0 
Cart 1. ». Etienne 0 
Soehaux 1, LIU* 0 
Anger* a, TautouH 0 
Mail x Nantes 0 

Standkws: Paris St. Germain 44 points; 
Monel lie. 41; Auxerr*. 36/ Mantel and Ber- 
dtaux.351 Mentae<ttar,34; Cams, 33; Mona- 
co and Lent. 32; Lyon, 31/ Strasbourg. 30/ St, 
EtimneandSochaux.29iMetx.28) Coen. 25/ 
Le Havre, 24; Lille and Marllgues. 22/ Angers 
and Toulousb 1b 

Elrrtrortt Pronkfurt l Bayer Leverkueen 0 
Barumla Dortmund X MSV Duisburg I 
Wtittenscheld 1, Bayern Munich 3 
FC Kalserslautarn 1, SC Freiburg D 
Warder Bremen a Karlsruher SC 2 
FC Nuremberg 1, Schalke 0 
Hamburger 3V 3, VtB Leipzig D 
Borussia MVIadbach X Dynamo Dresden 1 
FC Cologne 3. VIB Sluttgart I 
Stoodlnas: Bavem Munich. 32 potato/ Eln- 
IraeW Frankfurt. 38/ FC Kalsinlautenb 
Karlsruhe sc Hamburg SV, and MSV Duie- 
burg.29; Baver Leverkusen, Warder Bremen, 
Borussia IWeencbengtodbacto VfB Stuttgart 
FCCelogna, and Bervsslo Dortmund, 24/ DV- 
namo Drudea 25; SC Freiburg and Schalke. 
21 ; FC Nuremberg, If; WOftmechaid, le; V(B 
Leipzig, ia 

Atalanto 1 Lecce 4 
Cremenese X Foggio 0 
Genoa b Juventus 1 
AC Milan 1. Sampdorki 0 
Parma A Intomaztonato l 
Roma b Reeehma 0 
Torino X Cagliari 7 
Udinese 2. Lazio 2 

Staedtage: AC Ml Ian. 44 points/ SomPOorlo. 
34; Juventus and Parma, 35; LozioJe; Torino, 
tti internaziona1e,2fl; Napall,27; Fogglaond 

Cagliari. 24; Cremonese, 24/ Piacenza, Roma 
and Genoa 23: Udlmse, 22/ Roggtana, if; 
A to (onto, I7i Lecce, 11. 

Real Madrid 5. Raya Voltoceno 2 
Barcaiana 5. Atfetfoa Madrid 3 
Celta I, Valencia 2 
Sporting do Gllon I, Logronee 2 
Sevilla X LMda 1 
Real Bodedod X Tenerife 1 
Alboceta X Racing do Santander 0 
Osasuna b Departtvo do La Ggruna 0 
Real Valladolid 1, Athletic de Bilbao 1 

Sfuntz). Second Period: A^orfcum 22 
(Dourta, Do Has); C-Roenlck 34 (EL Sutter, 
Poulin). Shots on goat; C (on Hibert) 13-11- 
7—31. A Ion Mleur) 12-4*9—35. 


Major Loagua Scores 



NHL Standings 

Atlantic Dlvtahn 




N.Y. Rangers 



4 92 348 191 

New Jersey 



18 U 245 M2 

Wash! no Ion 



1 78 221 111 




4 0 245 257 




18 *6 187 10 

N.Y. iskmdtra 



• 44 234 224 

Tampa Bay 



8 M 182 205 

Northeast DMilon 




12 M 234 1M 




12 0 234 10 




8 0 235 10 




12 0 247 257 




7 <1 221 20 

Hart tort) 



B M 118 228 




• 38 10 324 


Central Dtviston 



T pto OF QA 




11 to m m 




5 U 2f7 230 




10 0 234 211 

fit. Louis 



f 73 219 228 




8 74 204 184 




8 44 210 295 

Pacific Dtotrioa 




11 79 251 333 




3 71 231 2T7 

San Jaw 



13 43 1»4 223 




5 58 10 213 

Lm Anaeln 



10 34 W 344 




10 48 215 258 


Vancouver I 3 4-4 

Winnipeg 1 1 1—4 

Pint farted: V-Adome 11 (Bure, Craven); 
W-Yiebaert 9 ( Borsata, u tenev ). lecoed Peri- 
od: V-Lindrt 39 (CaurtnaU, LwnmeJ; W- 
Zhamnav 24 (Darrin Shannon, Quintal),- V- 
Craven 12 {Adorns, Dlduck); (rt)V-Bure 41 
(Lumme); W-Mlranev 7 (Drake, Emerson); 
(op), third Ported: V-Bure 42 (Adame, D*- 
duek):v-Murzyn4 (CaurtnaU, Rannina);1W- 
Tkadiuk 35 (Kennedy, Eagtes); 1 V-Caurtnall 
25 (Rannlne, Stegrl; 1 V-Bure 43 (Carson, Cra- 
van); loo). Sbato an goal: V (on ChevsUae) 
1 1-14-10— 37. W (an McLean) 11-*-7-24. 
Florida 1 1 4-2 

Calgary D 3 1—4 

Ptrar Parted: F-FttzgaroM 14 (Bmning, 
Murphy). Second Period; c-Roberto 30 IMo- 
clnrb, Relchaf); (w»). F-Bonm 16 (How- 
good. Lomakin); (pg). C- Reich*! 31 (Watt, 
Zaiapakl); (pc). Third Parted: C-Tltov V 
(Yowney, Wizlz); C-Fleurv 0 (Roberto, Ny- 
tender). Shots on goal: F (an Vernon) 5-5- 
5-15. C (on VanUesbrouch) 7-12-ID-0. 
Detroit I 2 0—3 

Edmonton I 1 2—4 

First Period: E -Mai toy 7 (MCAmmamL 
Grieve). Second Ported: E-McAmmand 5 
(Grieve I iD-Kenmdy 6 (Konstantinov); D- Fe- 
dorov « (PrWrwau. Sheppard). Third Psrtod: 
E-Pearson 14 (Welghl)/ E-OkniseonBIMacTo- 
vlsh); (pp«i). Shots an goof: D (on Hanford) 
9.19-19-47. E (an Eesensa) 7-5-14-24. 
CBKogo 2 1 •— I 

Aaohalra 1 1 •— 2 

First Ported: C-Gaulet 15 (Murphy. Roen- 
k*)f A-Corkum 21^rt)C-Poulln II (Chattel, 

N.Y. Rongen 1 0 1-3 

Pittsburgh f 3 1— 4 

First Ported: N.YrGnives 47 (L**tcfi)/|pp). 
P%Mor 27 (Lomlaux, Mundiy); (Pel. P-Le- 
mleux I (Murphy. Prandi) ; (pa). Second Pe- 
rtdd: P-Umleux f (jear. Snktram)/ p- 
Strako V 1 Stevens, Tagdanettl); P-K. 
Sam unison j (Lemtoux. Sandstrem). Third 
Parted: N.Y^Leftrt 17 (Larmor, Zubov); 
(dp). P-McEachem 12 ID. Brawn, Slrafca). 
Sbato on goat; N.Y. (on Barraaw) 18-7-9— 3A p 
(on HeoJy) 4+8-Ib 

Dolfoe I I I 0—3 

Hartford 111 0-4 

Find Paled: H-Sandanon 34 (Mcerfm- 
men, Verbeeh); D-covolllnl 9 (Hatcher, 
Craig); (pp). Third Farted: H-Sanderean 35 
(Ronhelm, Drury); D-Medano 40 [Mian, 
ChurlaJ;5(»tsengeo(: Dion Reese) 114-7- 

3— 0. H (on Moos) 74-11-1—41 

Batten • I 0-1 

Nsw Jersey 0 1 0-3 

SaflOnd Period: NJ.-StevenslANJ^McKay 
10 (NtcfMds, Rtahir); B-Kvartalnov 12 
(Oates. Netty), abate to ooali 8 (on Terrert) 
10-13-13 — 34 . nj. (on cosev) 544-lb 
Quebec 1 a 1-4 

Washington ] 1 0-2 

First Period: W-RttHY 29 (PtarmaGotoJ/ 
lop). Q-Prnor 1i Itomdin, Kamensky)/ W- 
Bandra24 (Cato). Second Pafedi W-H etcher 
12 (Krvgter, Plvankali Q^Kammskv 21 IKo- 
vaMnkaSiedki); (cpi.Q-Leschyahyn5(Fro- 
ser); (pp). Third Parted: G-Sundhi 24 (Ble- 
din); (col. Shot! oa god: Q (onBeoupre)4-ii- 

4- 19. w (on Ftset) 13-124-GA 

San Jose a • M 

Calgary 1 I H-fl 

First Ported: C-Tltov 25 1 Pent. Kioto). TMrt 
Period: G-Robemn (Rakfwf).inetoongeal: 
SJ. Ian Vernon) 344— lb C (on Irbt) 6+6-30. 
wienlpee 0 8 1-1 

Toronto 1 1 1—2 

First Ported: T-Zazel 4 (Clerk, Pearson). 
Second Parted: T-Andrevctiuti 49 (D. Mlr- 
onov.Gllmovrj.Thfrd Period: W-Zftamnev 25 
(Darrin Shannon. YioebarT); T-Andemn It 
(Pearson, Banhawekv); (pp).8beto«geal: 
W Ion Rhodes) 10-17-15— <2. T (an OwvgMael 

PkOadeWlto 8 3 18-4 

Montreal 12! 9—4 

Flnf Parted: NhCorbO nn eau 12 (Perrev, 
Brunei). Second Parted: M-SrtnoMer i7(Bef- 
tewv Mutter) ; (pp). P-Beranak 24 (RaccM, 
Fedvfc); M-Kearw 15 ( Dionne 1 1 P- Reach! at 
(Rodne, Llndras); (pp). P-BrtarAmour 21 
(Undrasl.TMrd Parted: P-FWey 1 (BrkkfA- 
meur. Undrea); M-DampheuaM so (LsClalr, 
Bel tows), (hetz on goal: p (on Tuenutt) 7-11-7- 
3-37. M (an Round, Chobot) 1 1M 3-14-4— tb 
MY. istandera 2 3 10-5 

51. Louie 3 12 0-5 

First Parted: SL-Hull 44 (Shanahan, 

SfmTnv); (pp). SL-Nadved 1 (Prokhorov, 
Brown); SL-Prekharav 11 (N saved, Du- 
chesne); MY.-Green 17 (Malaktiov); N.Y.- 
Thomas 34 (Turgeon, King), second Ported: 
N.Y^Kurver* 6 (Ferrara, Ftattov); lAYrMo- 
Iakhev7 (McLennan). Third Parted: SL-Dv- 
chean* I (Hull, Stostny); <PP). BL-3tosfny 
l,(pp). iN.Y.-Thomi» 39 (Turgsan). Ihott en 
gaol: N.Y. (on Joswh) W-II-+4-3A 5.L. (on 
Hextall. McLennan) 15++-2-31. 

Bdffalo 0 2 3-5 

Lot Angola 2 • V- a 

First Parted: LArOruo*7 lOrtnellV),-LAr 
RobKaili* 30 (Drue*. Svdor). hMM Parted: 
B-Audotte 23 (May, Smahilk); B-Khmvtay, 21 
(Moallnv, Badger). Third Parted; B-May 17 
(Simmon, Audatte)/ (pp). B-Magllny 21 
(HawarcnvkfSyebeda)/ uArDrucel (McSor- 
tey. Zhftrrtk); (pp). B-Kymvtev 22 (Magttnv. 
Hawerchuk] j (an). Shell on seat: B (on Hru- 
ttey) 11-11-13— 3b LA. (on Haakl 14-11-13-31 


satardeira Rosetta 
Atlanta b Toronto 4 
Houston 1 Las Angela 2 
Pittsburgh 11, Philadelphia 3 
Florida X Baltimore 4 
Minnesota X Montreal 2 
Texas f, St Louis i 
Cincinnati 7, Cleveland 4 
Kaneas a tv 7 , now York Mato 3 
Beaten 2 Now York Yankea 0 
Chicago White Sex 11, Detroit 3 
Oakland (a) 11. Chicago Cubs (a) 8 
Chlcart Cubs Its) z Seattle 1 
Colorado teal 14. Milwaukee IQ 
Milwaukee fnJ lb San Diego 3 
San Francisco 1 Ockktond (is) 4 
Colorado (sal 7, California 6 
Fridays Results 

Cincinnati 5, Cleveland 4, ID innings 
Detroit 7, Houston 6 

Lot Angeles % Baltimore (m) l, 10 Innings 
Pittsburgh 7. Chicago White Bex (so) 2 
Kansas City (0) IT, Florida (is) 2 
Chicago White Box (0) Z Kansas City (0) 0 
New York Yankees 7, Minnesota css) 3 
Florida (ss) lb Balttmors (0) 1 
New York Mats 4, Montreal 3 
SI. LOOM 4. Philadelphia 3 
Minnesot a (ss) b Texas (ss) 4 
Chicago Cuba (■> b Ion Fran cis es 5 
Chicago Cubs (a) b Beattie (as) 5 
Colorado 1b Milwaukee 8 
Ban Dtauo f, Oakland 5 
Beattie tss) 11 California 5 
Boston 5, Texas (ss) 1 
Atlanta 7, Taranto 4. 10 Inn tan 


World Cup 


KesuHS leterdav from WMiflsr, Britt Mi Ce- 
temhto: 1, Alls Sknardal, Norway. 2 mlnufes, 
IMS seconds) Z Hannas TrtnkL Austria, 
2:11)M;a,Teminy Moe.unHea ltates,2’.imi 
4, Franz Helnwr,5wttzeriand,2:ll77; 5, Cary 
Mullen, Canada, 2:11.78/ 4, William Boose. 
Switzerland, 2:11.95; 7, (He) Marc OtrardellL 
Luxembourg, and Luc Akdiond, Prance, 
3:11.98; 9, Daniel Mahrer. Bwttzerland, 
2:12)03/ H. Rob Bawd, Canada. 2:12+9. 

Downhill standings: I, Girard* I II. 528 
potato; X Trtnki, 494; Z Mullen. 429/ A Patrick 
OrtftobAustrla.428; &SkaardaL30; 4. Basse, 
344; 7, Mahrer, 273; b KitfU And re AamadL 
1 Norway, 272/ 9, Edl Pattvlnsky, Canada, 20; 
1b Pietro Vital In I, Italy, 254. 

overall World Cup etandlrts; 1, Aomodt, 
1,173 potato; X GlrartWIL 845/ X Alberto 
Tomba. Italy. BM; 4» Guenther Matter, Aus- 
tria, 737) 5. TrWki, 401) 4, Skaardal, 579: 7, 
Lasse Klus, Norway, 497; 8. Jure KasIr.Btove- 
itte. 4B3; 9. Jan Elnar Tharasn, Norway. 477; 
1b Christian Mover, Austria 481. 

American Lrtgse 
CALIFORNIA— Assigned Ren 
Trey Pordval, John Fritz ana Bab Gamez, 
pitcher*. and Pausto Tefereend Jaw Menem, 
catcher* to minor league camp. 

CLEVELAND— Aielaned ApoUnar Garda 
Ramser Correa, Greg McCarthy, and Catvtn 
Jones, Plfchsra; Craig Colbert ml Ryan Mar- 
ttndate, catchert; and Oreo Briley and Ken 
N.Y. YANKEES— Aezlaned Tate Seefrted. 

1st bdseman, to ttwlr minor-league comb 
National League 

CINCINNATI — Annaurwd exten s ion of-- 
their player development contract with ChaL- ■■ 
tanoooa, SL, through 199b 
HOUSTON— Sent Raul Chavez and Scott 
Maskarowtaz. catchers, to their mtaoNoMui 
camp ter reasstenrrwni. 

N.Y. METS-Mgtted Fable Duran. HI bow- 
man, to minor league c entrac f . 

IT. LOUIS— Sent Brian Barber, Brian 
EvtnHUiU Doug Creek, Willis 5mm and 
Stove Manteamarv, Ditchers, to their mhor- 
leaDue camp ter raantenment. 


Nattonal Basketball Association 
NBA-Suspended Vincent Askew. Seattle 
guard, tor 1 game without pay and fined ton 
HrOOb and fined Vtany Del Near* San Antonie 
euani, 0500 tor hsadMtlne taddent Merch 11 , 
LA laker s — E xt ended centracf ef Randy 
Ptunb coudbtor 1 year thraurt 199541 seoHn 
SAN ANTONIO— Act ivoled Terry Cum- 
mings, forward, from Inlurad ltd. Put Cnrtt 
Whitney, guard, an Inlurad list. 


Nattonal Football Leas do 
CHICA 00-5 toned Mer ill Hoge. fullback, 
to 3-year contract. 

DETROIT— Re-atoned Brett Per ri nwn. 
wide receiver, to S-veor contract. 

ORBENBAY— Stoned MorkDkflo, wide re- 
ceiver, and Tony Barker, linebacker. 

WASHINGTON— Stoned Ethan Horton, 
ttohf end, to 2nwar co n tra c t. 


National Hockey Leave* 
ANAHEIM— Sent Jarrad SkaUe, center, end 
Saatt Chartter, detonseman, to San Dieoa, IHL 
N.Y. RANGERS— Readied Matttol Ngr- 
itram, defenseman, train Binghamton. AHL 


flBfl*?- - 
■tsr' 1 *" 



Ei— — — 


in Zaragoza, Swain 
Singlez, Semifinals 

Lora Hete n uii i b Germany, d*L Tomas Ny* 
daM, Sweden,7-b44; Magnus Lartsan (4), Swe- 
eten, dot. Anders Jarrya Sweden, 4-4, 44. 4-1 

Lartaon def. Rehmom. 4-4, 64. 

Poktshw vs. Maw Zealand 
Sunday, In Auckland 
Pakistan Innings: 141-9 
New Zealand innings; 141 (49A own) 
Match was tied. Pakistan leads stria WL 


Lsodtoaicaraaftar Sendayktinal roundM 
hw dire trum t ea r name u t on the par-7» 
4944-meter ( 4 J WYard) Son VWa Ootf an 
enura to Palma de Mallorca, Spain; 

Barrv Lane, England 64-70-44-49—369 

Jim Payne. England <7-48-70-44-^271 
Wayne Wwtner.South Africa 48-79-47-48— 273 
Paul tawrfe, Engtond 74-45-49-47— 37J 

Lee Weetwaod. England 4947-71-48-275 
Swm Slruver, Germany 71-87-77*7—277 
Andrew Col tort, England 73^47-48—277 
Jose Rivera, Spain 73-47-44-72—277 

Peter HedMom. Sweden 72-71-48-47-278 
Terry Price. Australia 7V71 -48-48-278 
Pedro Ltahari, Spain 71-71-44-72—278 

Leadtao seem after Sunday*! ftan round 0 
Ilia dkrs ltft*0 te um omant oa the war-72, 

bmnrard Thom City eatt couth In Bonskelii 

Brandt Jobe, Untted Stales 45-72-49-79—274 
Lee Porter, United States 72-49-71-48— 2S0 
John Oauld, England 0-4A-74-71— 282 
Cartas Prance, Paraguay 74-71-44-72-383 
Erntyn Aubrey, United States 48-73-71-71— in 
Stove PteKfi, United States 69 -71 -73-72— 284 
Don WbtawortlL UA 7349-7349—234 
dirts Gray, Australia 69-73-49-74—2*5 
Jim Ruftedge, Canada 72-74-7049— 3B9 
Per Houesrua. Norway 71-7549-70- to5 
Gerry NornulsL UA 49-7074-72— 2ts 
Jerry Smith, United States 71-73-71-70-20 

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Page 17 


5U*. Qt t*- ~ ‘ ■■■ 

D«s Usfcrr “ : 

3«. Vic F^> ;_ 

« doctor* / - 



illlec is sc - .;— 

t. wiJG »— ^!T. 

Navy at the Big Dance? 

March Madness Indeed 

% Thomas BosweD 

Post Service 

Aaw^ aunidS^Ala KoLm' 7 - fS l danced 10 “*“*«* 

carried trim around like a countv Fair^S/p** 1 WaUua 1 and 
the mb in Alumni HalL hf^ed cut down 

up because tins has been a touriwarS P ,*?* f P*°P lc ^ 
deaths and scandals and eood ner^f 2LW e Naval Academy, too full of 
sweet hour. Bood pco P ,e feebn S awful. Navy deserved this 

North Carolina and Purdue Gain NCAA Berths 

No, 4 Tar Heels Triumph inAdantie Coast 
And Boilermakers Clinch Big Ten Title 

• sweet hour. — r 

““Sbl « an and 

■ Mard. Madness hadb^T^'I 1 
fife r: ; '-£ :* *■ “ft NavyJ^Tas 7the 

. National CoHegiaie Athletic Asxot^. 

sent it across the country. 

•nda'j.iKi - 
sai pcrcr-V ' 
ffea-ac ‘ 

. nanuuai couegiate Athletic Assoda- Vantage • ^7 

;5“ ' l "S clb tf tournament. No Point M • 

. doubt, , before this month is over, bet- 

££ '«T ^ KL“ ^PP^ 1 Midship- 
‘ game. Then again, maybe not ^ “* Patno1 ^Sue championship 

bunch of T ^ lfS * 

8-19 Isst year in his ^DeVc. whose team was 

the^Slffo^^- dtken seven other schools to 

‘f “ «*_ « tkd downtrodden 

. ... 8-191as. y earin ^aedL«Voe. whose «am was 

4 ??"“■ dtken seven other schools to 

1 ^ — *■»» 

’■=r.v-^ £5$ ; J£g!SWJ!te £SKi5i«* 

*i- saw - • - ‘. r •*“ ■ • w ^Pl a 5 re ^ only 35 minutes m his first two years at Navy vet who had 

4 -V T ’ J ' H? 1 h u wasn 1 <&“** academy material, onthe court 

' ->■ • : r . ..:*;**. ™ f^c c^oom. But he went to the Naval Academy Preparatory 

:-. . af t« r schod and got into Navy a year late. Once there; he kept 

.. cammg om for basketball, although nobody saw much reason for h. 

T: V - -V : \ \ ‘ v S? £ 17 P 1 ^ ^ season," DeVoe said. “I blew 

its- h , lL "* * an incredible kid. Tve never seen anybody improve that fast." 

t L*,.' '. '■■■ * • - • ;• m the three games of the Patriot League Tournament, Hall scored 79 

tfr., v ; : i-. f ' Pop 15 m almost David Robinson kind of average. After scoring 21 

we-.* jb- 7. po™ts against Colgate, Hall was summoned to midcourt to collect a 

E ti , £T j/J" most-valuable player trophy. 

, *s*— ; .'«V iUr '- . Bw a looked like HaD was going to sink the ship, pretty much 

■■ - : -9 - ■•:. v ;'r. * -by himself. Eight tones in 16 tries he missed free throws. Ontx, fae missed 
; *; *• ! :r' . Ihrec times on tme trip to the line. The idea that be was the leading 

.V ; .- r ^: . Z lt " f ■ scorer , on “ nnhkdy team that had a chance to crack the NCAA field 



;• • 

seemed to be getting to his nerves. Were those really ESPN camnsS 
Alumni Hall, for the first time? 

• “Pressure, pressure." chanted the Colgate fans. 

DeVoe took Hall out of the game in the second half to let him recompose 

hunsetf for the final minutes. "Hie rest did me good," Hall said. 

With 4:51 to play, HaD made his last bad play. He lost the ball. Colgate 
scored and, for the first and only timg in the game, Navy was behind, 65- 
64. With 1 :31 to play and Navy back in the lead at 69-67. Hall finally got 
a shot he liked better than a free throw: an open three-pointer from the 
wing. He nailed it 

“Y 0 * 1 could see him puD together and get centered again," DeVoe said. 
“I thought he'd make another big play nght away." 

, And he did. Colgate has one great player. Tbcker Neale, the Jfiftb- 
eadmgseorerin the country. But for a split second he took his eye off 
HaU, who cat in front of him, stole a pass, drove the length of the court 
and made an acrobatic layup in traffic. 

That made the score 74-67 with 1 ;07 to play and, DeVoe said, “That’s 
the first time I thought, ‘We’re going to win. " 

chanted the Colgate fans. 

C»‘i« r-- • 

JS*l“ S_- 

’ «-r v 

The Associated Press on two trips down the court and 

Donald Williams scored five Johnson completed a 3-point play 
points in the final 45 seconds Sun- on a fast break for a 71-61 Huskers 
day to lift No. 4 North Carolina to lead with less than two minutes to 
the Atlantic Coast Conference play- 

on two trips down the court and footer, threw the ball away and 
Johnson completed a 3-point play missed a layup on three of Duke's 

championship with a 73-66 victoiy 

Over Virginia. 

■ In Saturday's gomes; 

No. 10 Kentucky 90, Ndl Ar- 

The victory in Charlotte, North kansas 78: In Memphis, Tennessee, 
Carolina, gave Tar Heels (27-6) Gimel Martinez stopped an Arkan- 
iMr 13th tournament champion- sas run with a jumper and a 3- 
ship and the 12th for coach Dean pointer to win an SEC semifinal. 
Smith, who on Saturday got his Kentucky (25-6) made a South- 
800th coaching victoiy. The tour- eastern Conference tournament re- 
nament championship carries an cord 16 3-pointers. 

| nament championship carries an 
automatic berth in the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association 
tournament, and because of the 
weekend's rash of upsets, could put 
defending national champion 
North Carolina atop the final col- 
lege basketball poll. 

The Cavaliers (17-12) had hoped 
to use the tournament as a stepp ing 
stone to one of the at-large berths 
in the 64- team NCAA field. 

North Carolina now hopes for a 
return trip to Charlotte in three 
weeks for the Final Four. 

No. 14 Kentucky 73, No. 17 Flor- 
ida 60: Rodrick Rhodes sparked 
Kentucky to its third straight and 
18th overall Southeastern Confer- 
ence tournament championship in 
Memphis Sunday with a 73-60 vic- 
tory over Florida. 

Rhodes has 12 of his 15 points in 
a 22-4 spurt in the second half that 
carried the No. 10 Wildcats past 
the Gators in a rubber match be- 
tween the SEC eastern division 

No. 6 Purdue, 87, Iffioois, 77: 
The Big Ten championship was 
Purdue's for the t akin g, so Glenn 
Robinson grabbed it and refused to 
let go. 

Robinson, the nation's scoring 
leader, had a career-high 49 points 
Sunday as the Boilermakers beat 
Illinois, 87-77. in West Lafayette, 
Indiana, and clinched their first 
conference title since 1988. 

Purdue (26-4, 14-4 Big Ten) fin- 
ished one game ahead of Michigan, 
which dropped out of a first-place 
tie with Saturday’s overtime loss to 

The victory also snapped a six- 
game losing streak to Illinois (17- 
ID. 10-8). 

Robinson, averaging 30.3 points 
a game for the season, had nine 

Providence 69, No. 2 Comecti- 
ent 67: In New York, Robert 
Phelps, who has struggled with his 


shooting his whole career, went 10- 
for-1 1 and had 23 points as Provi- 
dence advanced to its first Big East 
title game. 

The fourth-seeded Friars (19-9) 

ers next four possessions. 
t0 Arizona St 94, No. 7 Arizona 87: 
In Tempe, Arizona, Ron Riley 
scored 17 of his team-high 27 
points in the second half to lead 
^ Arizona State to an upset in the 
Pacific- 10. 

The defeat snapped Arizona's 
>• dght-game winning streak. 

Northwestern 97, No. 8 Michigan 
rc_ 93: In Evanston. Illinois, Patrick 
Baldwin made a key 3-pointer and 
Kip Kirkpatrick scored six points 
in overtime as Northwestern en- 
m sured its first winning regular sea- 
— son in 1 1 years. 
l_ No. 23 Oklahoma St 69, No. 11 
Kansas 68: Biyant Reeves made 
four free throws in the final 2:29 
vi- and finished with 27 points, and 
ist Kansas (25-7) didn't score for the 
final 316 minutes. 


ner over seton Hall in overtime. , 

iSJ“* est “““ *“ “ 

puled within two points a number Morton nailed ihegjme-luming 

ran with dnS^TrecItowrThl 

left for the final margin. 

Nebraska 98, No. 3 Missouri 91: 

made a 3-pointer with 11:30 left. 
Oregon 80, No. 15 UCLA 79: In 

utaSiiiMB asstfa&taSStfss 

® ,g E'Sfct ™mmg 2ach SeDera scored the gme- 

the regular season champions 54-39 
and Wd Missouri (25-3) to 7-for- 

and held Missouri (25-3) to 7-for- xTu 
m r«w» ; Eddie Hill scored 27 points, mdud- 

No. 4 North CarSma 86. Wake “B 21 from 3-point range, to boost 

Washington State’s hopes for its 

oS? sSSfSSSl'iE “ “ “ 11 

800th career coaching victoiy in the „ .. „ _ 

Atlantic Coast Conference semifi- _ ^ florida 68, Alabama 52: 

nalj; In Memphis, Craig Brown sank 

The Tar Heels (26-6) captured five 3-pointera and finished with 17 
the victory when Jerry Stackhouse pohiB 85 Florida shut down Ala- 

scored on a driving layup with 53 Daraa - 
seconds remaining. No. 18 It 

Virginia 66, No. 5 Duke 61: Vir- In Bloomb 
gjnia held Duke without a basket in Bailey and 

No. 181nduua 78, Wisconsin 65: 
Bloomington. In diana, Damon 
uley and His Indiana teammates 

*« \'r . -■ rca 

r -i "x.'er .. r-or. 

L***— »•« ■ ...* ><* z*:a 

ttu-ts ■ -2 ?» Vi :zv- 


f; . -e • • . - , i‘r-‘ 

J » r- * . • .’-.y 

0* . . : - ' •: 

S.?* i ' •: ' 

. . •' f 

* • • • , r r. 

ft» a,i . •• -■-* * 

WE il-: ‘ '■ J 

t yv • * ■ ; 

during a two-minute flurry late in 
the first half and 11 strakht in 

The Associated Press 

The Detroit Pistons, who haven’t wot 
three straight games ance November, had 
. the chance stolen again as the visiting Atlan- 
ta Hawks slopped the Pistons' streak at two. 

Danny Manning led the Hawks in scoring, 
tossing in 18 of iris 24 points in the second 


half of Atlanta's 104-92 victory Saturday. 
Detroit led at halftime and early in the third 
-quarter, but the Hawks closed the quarter 
■with a 25-5 run to go ahead by 78-66. 

! Atlanta started quickly, thanks to a spec- 
tacular first quarter by Willis. The Detroit 
native bad 12 points in the first 7:20, and 
.finished the period with 14 points and 12 

That gave the Hawks a 31-22 lead after 

one, and they stiD led by nine with three 
minutes left in the second. 

Joe Dumars led all scorers with 32 points, 
for his third straight game with at least 30 

Isiah Thomas, one day after sitting out an 
entire game while healthy for the first time in 
his career, came off the bench and had right 
points and seven assist 

Nets 117, Hornets 92: Derrick Coleman 
scored 20 for New Jersey at home, showing 

_ BdiKnMf^-n-AwKuicdPre. a game for the season, had nine 

Providence’s Dickey Simpkins driving to the basket in the Friars’ upset of No. 2 UConn in New York. durn J£ a tw-minate flurry late in 

the first half and 11 straight in 

• -j tt -w if another run in the second half after 

-Manning and Hawks Rally to Shut Down Pistons “Msaics* 

J ous career best of 42 against Wis- 

nine with three MD1» scored 23 points and became only the record sixth straight game; beating injury- bv^ Purdue^ iXver'sincef Rick 
... „ . £^5, pkyer “ NBA histoi y w record 800 nddled Cleveland m New York. Mount's school record 61 against 

“ rS pKtSSifiiSfilSjaS 69, Soudrern 

. ^ 5l a y ^dianapolis, givmg the Pacers a land’s Brad Daugherty, out for the next <•!: In BiloxL Mississippi, 

a 616-minute stretch and upset the snapped a kte-season slump. 

Blue Devils in the other ACC semi- No. 25 Texas 87, Texas A&M 

finaL 62: In Dallas, B. J. Tyler scored 35 

A 3-pointer by Harold Deane points to lead Texas to its first 
with 3:21 left gave Virginia the lead Southwest Conference tournament 
for good at 60-59. After that, AH- title in the 19-year histoiy of the 
American Grant Hill missed a 15- event 

Miller scored 23 points and became only the record sixth straight game, beating injury- 
fourth player in NBA history to record 800 riddled Cleveland in NewYork. 

^MillCTgot tus 800th3-pmn. goal with 3:19 potoutorf’SlfHt S<To^ 
W pbv m Iiidrena^bs. givmg the Pireera a | md - s gmd D^gheny, out for itemS 
o inn D . 0 . . . _ month with herniated disk. It was Ewing’s 

vi «8hth straight game with at least 20 points. 



vid Robinson had 40 points and 16 re- 
bounds, taking advantage of foul-plagued 
Hakeem Olajuwon. 

The victory, the first for the Spurs in Hous- 

ffim 1 a : _ i «_ » 

up Larry Johnson in the battle erf the NBA's ton ance 1991, lifted San Antonio bad: into 

highest-paid players. 

first place in the Midwest Division. The Rock- 

Bnlls 111, Kings 94: Scottie Pippen scored 
20 points and Chicago had a 15-4 run to start 
the fourth quarter in a victory over Sacra- 
mento at Chicago Stadium. 

Toni Kukoc and Scott Williams each add- 

Johnsbn, who returned to the Hornets’ ets lost for the fourth time in seven games, ^ ^ points for Bulls, who are 22-8 at home 

lineup Friday night after missing 31 games including twice in a week to the Spurs. 

with a back injury, had just 8 points in 16 
minutes in the first half. With Charlotte 

Despite his foul trouble, Olajuwon bad 27 

this season, and B. J. Armstrong scored 16. 
Chicago capped its decisive fourth-quarter 

trailing 56-43 at intermission. Johnson didn’t a season-high 23 points for the Spurs. 

points and 18 rebounds. Negele Knight had surge with 7: 14 to go, when the King*; were 

n CMCArt-hirtk nAintr fni* tKa Cnnm C • « r ■ 

return for the second half. 

called for consecutive technical frails on 

Knicfcs 96, Cavaliers 86: The Knkks held Randy Brown, coach Garry SL Jean and 

Pacers 104, Bucks 97: The Pacers’ Reggie the opposition below 90 points for a team- Lionel Simmons. 

yt* - - 

r^i n.\ 


Popov Sets 2 Swim Marks in 2 Days 

• DESENZANO, Italy (Reuters) — The Olympic champion Alexander 

! Popov or Russia broke his second short-course swimming world record in 
•two days on Sunday, shaving one-tenth of a second off the 50-meter 
■freestyle mark. , . . 

! Popov, who broke the 100-meter freestyle short-course record for the 
■third tim e this year on Saturday, won Sunday* s 50-meter freestyle in ~ 1.50 

■ i Popov beat the previous record of 21.60 set last year in Sheffield, 
- England, bv the Briton Mark Foster, who was second on Sunday m 22.23. 

IngdfRascb of Germany was third to 22.91. On Saturday, the Russian 
^ -carved seven-tenths of a second from his own l OO- meter freestyle record. 

.Britain’s Lane Wins Spanish Golf 

’ PALMA DE MALLORCA, Spain (AP) —Barry Lane of England shot 
la 3-under-par 69 Sunday to win the Baleares Open with a four-rramd 
•total of I9-under-par 269, two strokes ahead of his countryman Jjm 
|P&yne, who blistered a final-round 66 to finish two strokes back at 271. 

• South Africa’s Wayne Westner was third at 273 with a dosing round of 
168 on the par-72, 6300-yard Son Vida Golf Qub couree. Scotland's Paul 
■Lawrie and England’s Lee Westwood were tied for fourth at 13-under 

! Three players tied at 1 1-under 277: Sven Struver of Germany, Andrew 
' Coltart of Scotland and Jose Rivero of Spain. 

4 Redskins to Cut Pro-Bowler Mann 

■ ’ WASHINGTON (WPJ — In the boldest step yet in their restruenmng 

. iJssesasss-SffiSSsiSs 

is uying *0 ifibuOd after a 4-U ■easoo, ib wore* in 30 years. 


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> [ I2th-round knockout of his compatriot mi 

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•after im'uring his knee Fndayand wiunoi p y (Afp) 

ta the United States m M u, a boy 

• Bribe Henkel the Olympic high jmnpaump (AFft) 

•“* Fet >- 27. Gennany** to win the Paris-Nice 

| Toay Rmrasger of ^ be overpowered the field in ihe 

•cyding race for the second tri^Rommg^ also won the race m 

'fatal 115-kilometer (7.8-mile) ume maL (AP) 


Hits Back 
On Live TV 

Complied by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK —Nancy the 
hero. Nancy the braL Nancy 
Kerrigan, the Olympic figure 
skating silver-medaGst, 
showed she was ready to laugh 
at both her post-Olympic me- 
dia personas as host of the 
NBC tdevision show “Satur- 
day Night Live." 

She made fun of her report- 
ed $2 million deal with Walt 
Disney Co. and sbe made fun 
of ho- troubles with her rival, 
Tonya Harding. 

Kerrigan even made fun of 
her own skating — doing a 
slapstick pairs number with 
the heavyset cast member 
Chris Farley, with Kerrigan 
sp inning gracefully around her 
sweating and clumsy partner. 

But though she may be 
smooth on the ice, she stum- 
bled cm lines in her kss-ihan- 
promising acting debut, look- 
ing uneasy and blowing 
phrases as simple as. Til be 
idling you our specials in a 

During the opening mono- 
logue, Ksrigan took questions 
from ‘the audience," mchidmg . 
one performer dressed as Har- i 
ding, who asked who would be 
host erf the show nett week. 

Kerrigan also referred to a 
comment made while sbe sat 
next to Mickey Mouse at a Dis- 
ney World parade in February. 

“I did not say This is the 
corniest thing I have ever 
done.' I said This is the horni- 
est thing I have ever done,’ " 
Kerrigan said. 

At the dose, Kerrigan hesi- 
tated before saying sbe had 
had a great time hosting the 
program. (AP, Reuters) 

Federal Court Declines 
To Prosecute Harding 

Compiled by Our Staff Fran Dispatches 

and led a final surge late in the 

second half as the Combuskers 
■•I- w-i.. . won ®'S Eight tournament 

n JLFCCJUH.CS Championship to gain the league’s 

automatic bid to the NCAA tonr- 
■ *■ • nament. 

B H5)f > flinor It is Nebraska’s fourth straight 

J.JCU. I ll m Bg NCAA trip under Coach Danny 
^ Nee and marked the first time Ne- 
only possible obstacle to Harding's braska had won the Big Eight lour- 

No.14 LomsriDe 69, Southern 
Mbs. 61: In BiloxL Mississippi, !••• * ~ v ■ 

Clifford Rozicr had 20 points and v J I w - ^ 

17 rebounds as Louisville won the y /; ! 

Metro Conference tournament 


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PORTLAND, Oregon The participation in the World Cham- nament after consecutive 20-vic- 
chances that Tonya Harding will be pionships in Chiba, Japan, which tray seasons, 
prosecuted in connection with the start on March 20. Nebraska (20-9) advanced to the 

. slarl 00 March 20. Nebraska (20-9) advanced to the 

attack on her rival, Nancy Kem- ^ federal judge decided Friday final by beating No. 3 Missouri in 
gan, appear to be growing summer, that a U.S. Figure Skating Associa- the semifinals Saturday, giving the 
The federal government said it p on disciplinary hearing for Har- Tigers their first loss in 19 Big Eight 
iras dropping the case, meaning ding couldn't be held before June games. It was Nebraska's second 
that if Harding faces any cri m i n al 27, in order to give Harding's at Lor- championship game in the 18 years 
charges, they will have to come ney’s enough time to prepare a de- of the league tournament, 
from stale aulhonues. fense. Oklahoma State (23-9) had beal- 

from stale authorities. fense. 

.kT® ^ “ Il ’ s cal ^y unfortunate that 

Jonties that we think it would be we won’t be able to have a swift and 
best to leave it up to • local authon- fair hearin& « said B ill 

to to puisne." John a heads thTfive-membcr 

spokesman for the Justice Dqiart- was t0 conducted , 
mmt s criminal divwion, said. hea ring on whether Har 
Harding sex-husband .Jeff CT- ed its code of ethics, 
looly, and bodyguard, Shawn Ed- 
kardt, have admitted to plotting the 
attack in which Kerrigan was 
dubbed on the knee before the U.S. 
figure skating championships in Jj Sc 

Since the assault took place in 
Detroit, Portland prosecutors have i f/1 
suggested the case be moved there. /Lit 
according to a Detroit newspaper. 

But prosecutors in Michigan say 
Oregon is the best place for the SARASOTA Flor, 
case, since that’s where most of the extended his hitless si 
investigation has occurred. that he would probal 

Russell said the federal govern- within 10 days, 
ment was dropping the case be- “in the next 10 d 
cause of concerns “about the pros- manager. Ron Schud 
pects Tor establishing federal he’s to the point wher 
jurisdiction." afraid to make a mis l 

“The derision was made because Jordan did not star 
the evidentiary and jurisdictional Lament, said he pro 
hurdles would be smaller at their Jordan has started thr 

level" Russell said, referring to in two runs— cm an I 

stale authorities. “A lot of guys wills 

An Oregon grand juiy is still one of them. I don’t 1 
investigating Harding’s possible in- The first roster cut 

volvement in tlx: case and is due to squad game, 
deliver its report on March 21, ai- Jordan has hit just 
though prosecutor Norm Frink fly. 
said indictments were possible be- Schueler said he wa< 
fore then. 10 . Jordan has suggesi 

“Anything is posable,” rnnk “When I do place 1 
said. “Other than thal^we are not where he can get som 
malting any conunenls." could still appear in 0 

The c riminal investigation is the L 

Oklahoma State (23-9) had beat- 
en No. II Kansas in the se mifinals 
The Huskers went on a 15-5 run 

fair hearing," said Bill Hybl, who lat® “ the second half to break the 
heads the five-member panel that gstnc open. Melvin Brooks com- 
was to have conducted the USFSA pleted a 3-point play and then hit 
hearing on whether Harding violat- dirows to put Nebraska 

ed its code of ethics. ahead 68-61 with 2:05 left. 

(AP, AFP) The Cowboys then missed shots 

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White Sox Ready to 'Cut ’ 
An 'Overmatched ’ Jordan 

The Associated Press 

SARASOTA Florida — After Michael Jordan went O-for-2 and 
extended his hitless spring to 14 al-bais, the Chicago White Sox said 
that he would probably be reassigned to their minor-league camp 
within 10 days. 

“In the next 10 days well make some cuts,” said the general 
manager. Ron Schueler. "He’ll probably be with that group. T Think 
he’s to the point where he’s overmatched right now. It looks Hke he's 
afraid to make a mistake. He looks tentative." 

Jordan did not start Saturday, and the White Sox manager, Gene 
Lament, said he probably would be malting fewer appearances. 
Jordan has started three games and appeared in right. He has driven 
in two runs —on an RBIgroundout Saturday and on a sacrifice fly 

“A lot of guys will start getting reduced time," Lamont said. “He’s 
one of them. I don’t know if bell start as many games." 

The first roster cuts are expected after Wednesday’s final split- 
squad gome. 

Jordan has hit just one ball out of the infield, a shallow sacrifice 

Schueler said he was not sure what team Jordan would be assigned 

wucu k uu ynasx mm, uu oe in a mace where he can succeed, 
where he can get some results." Schueler said, adding that Jordan 
could still appear in one of the major-league team’s spring £ »m~ 

Ve$, I wontto start receiving the HT. This is ihe subscription term I prefer 
[check appropriate boxes): 

□ 12 months [364 issues in afl with 52 bonus issues). 14-3-94 
□ 6 months (182 issues 'm aU with 26 bonus issues). 

Q 3 months (91 issues in afl wifh 13 bonus issues). 

B My check is enclosed [payable to the International HeroW Tribune}. 
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Credil carcl charges wifi be made m French Praia at cumertf exchange rotes. 




[HT VAT number. FS74732Q2112611 





ru*_ i ' uw j i ■ jj. i mo J/ VJ Ol — 

Ihsoiy expins March 31, 1994, and is awibbh to now subscriber ^ 


c e 1 1 * u-i-""' 

Page 18 


Cameron Buchanan, 
A Man of the Cloth 

By Suzy Menkes 

International HeraU Tribune 

L ONDON — When Ronald Reagan 
made his historic handshake with 
Mikh ail Gorbachev in Geneva in 1985. 
one man in Edinburgh was cheering in 
front of his television. Cameron Buchanan 
had recognized on Lhe American presi- 
dent’s back a distinctive brown-and-tan 
club-checked suit. 

It put Reagan in that most exclusive of 
dubs — people who have tailor-made suits 
in the featbertight fabric that Buchanan has 
patented as “Millionaire Cashmere." As 
managing director of Harrisons of Edin- 



An occasional series 
about people for whom 
style is «i way of life 

burgh. he has the power to influence the 
subtle shifts in taste that update men's suits. 

“We British have been very bad about 
defining tradition and encapsulating it in a 
frame, but fashion moves on, and you have 
to take something and tweak it slightly," 
says Buchanan. He was named European 
Entrepreneur of the Year in 1992 for his 
unflagging energy in exporting 90 percent 
of his company's fine cloth. 

As Buchanan puts it: Tradition is al- 
ways being redefined.” The greatest 
change he sees is the substitution of light- 
weight fabrics for the former sturdy suit- 
ings and the increasing taste for colors like 
green and brown. A typical Harrisons’ 
tweed is light as a scarf and in a subtle 
mixture of autumnal checks. 

“We go back a lot to old cloths and 
make them in lighter fabrics," he says. “In 
a way you can impose your taste — if you 
have got (he brass to go for it." 

The result of the experiments might be 
district checks in blue and red or bolder 
designs of larger glen plaids, inspired by 
King Edward VII whose exotic mixes of 
tweed first put Scottish tweeds on the 
men's fashion map. Harrisons was found- 
ed in 1863 and its signature thistle logo 
was created for the first length of cloth to 
be exported to the United Slates in 1900. 

Buchanan, 46, is typical of a new gener- 
ation of businessmen who are building a 
united Europe while politicians squabble. 
He is constantly on the road, applauds the 
deregulation of air travel and, unlike other 
Europbobic Brits, would welcome ID 
cards instead of passports within the Euro- 
pean Union. After spending periods at the 
Sorbonne in the 1960s and in Germany 

and Italy, he speaks fluent French and 
Italian, and adequate German and Span- 

Buchanan says, however, that there is 
not in fashion terms such a thing as “inter- 
national man." 

“The more I travel around and the more I 
visit countries, I become like a chameleon, 
taking on a little of each," he says. “But I 
can always tdl where people come from." 

The giveaway, he claims, is the feet: 
brown shoes with everything — even a 
blue suit — for the Italians; white socks 
for Germans; practical shoes for the Swiss. 

The necktie offers not just “a bit of 
personality” but also dues to nationality, 
the northern man favoring a narrow tie and 
the southern a wider or cutaway collar. 

Buchanan says that in a country like 
Italy, it is an advantage for him to look 
British and that he has his own personal 
trademark of a pin through his shirt collar. 
True to his cosmopolitan spirit, his pin- 
stripe oh-so-British suit was made in 1975 
by Alfred Aim, the Danish tailor, just 
before his retirement. With it goes a can- 
dy-pink striped shin and a navy tie with 
pink spots. 

“I set the style — and I make it my 
way ” lw says. 

Why should any man today choose a 
tailor-made suit with all the attendant fuss 
of fittings and a month-long wait — rather 
than just shopping off-the-peg like the 
yuppie generation of the 1980s? 

“The A rmani and Versace hip ready-to- 
wear look caughL on in a big way," Bu- 
chanan admits. “People suddenly could 
identify with fashion, with green and beige 
suits that made them look trendy but well- 
dressed. They were worn by engineers and 
architects that before had the scruffy look. 

“But tailor-made will always be there. It 
is the ul tim ate if you want expensive 
clothes that are a little distinct. It is for 
people who like to be associated with suc- 

His role as a purveyor of the most exclu- 
sive high quality fabrics to the world’s top 
tailors gives him an insight into a secret 
fashion association that does not tout its 
wares in plate-glass windows or glossy 
ma g azines, but where recommendations 
are instead passed by word of mouth. 

He lists, first briskly, then with a few 
diplomatic additions, the foremost tailors. 
There are the Caraeenis, Ferdinando in 
Milan and Tommy and Guilio in Rome; 
Henry Poole of Savile Row (“because they 
have adapted tradition and they are so 
successful abroad”); Radermacher in 
Dusseldorf; Alan Flusser in New York for 
“good distinctive taste"; Jack Taylor of 

ChreMphw Moor 

Bu chanan has patented a featberfight fabric called “Mlffitaiaire Cashmere." 

Beverly Hills; Chaiiy Wayenberg in Brus- 
sels; Bauer of Stockholm; Laurence and 
Santos in Lisboa; Bel eta in Barcelona. 

“I would pick those people because they 
are imposing taste on a customer," Bu- 
chanan says. 

If he believes in the survival of the 
persona] tailor, be is even more convinced 
that the business suit is here to stay — in 
spite of periodic stories that it is losing its 

“I don’t believe that at all — the ’Friday 
mentality' is very American," he says, re- 
ferring to the sports jacket and pants as 
acceptable pre-weekend wear to the office. 
He says that the Germans wear sports 
jackets all the time and the Dutch favor 

blazers, but that men who do business still 
wear suits. 

For all Buchanan’s effort as a one-man 
export dynamo, his company turnover has 
not passed the £2 million (S3 million) 
mark, and in the recession slipped to £12 
million. He says that be is “actively look- 
ing for investment" to give the company a 
capita] boost 

Someone in England certainly appreci- 
ates his eye for picking just the right cloth. 
Clients for Harrisons' tweed caps include 
Herm&s in Paris. Polo Ralph Lauren in 
New York — and Queen Elizabeth. The 
estate workers who doff a cap to Her 
Majesty are all wearing Buchanan's taste- 
ful tweeds. 


Of Hooky-Bobbing, Slang and Clout 


By William Safire 

’ASHTNGTON — Following a cease-fire in Sa- 
rajevo, an Associated Press photographer cap- 
tured a happy sight: “Bosnian children could return to 
bring children,” read the. caption in The New York 
Tunes, “hitching a slippery ride behind a United 
Nations armored vehicle." 

Hitching a ride? Jo most of us, that means “thumb- 
ing a ride,” asking a driver to pick you up. The action 
of the Bosnian children in the snow required a reach 
into dialect. Earlier that week, Beth Wagner of the AP 
reported from Philadelphia about the same dangerous 
but frequently engaged-in pastime: “It's called hop- 
ping cars in Philadelphia, bumper-hitching or shagging 
m Detroit, sketching along the Eastern Seaboard. In 
northern Indiana it's hooky-bobbing.” 

Not to mention bizzing in the Northwest and bum- 
riding in Utah; all these denote the action of daring, 
often foolish, children who grab a ride on the back end 
of a moving vehicle. All but one of these regionalisms 
are reported, with careful notation of time and place, 
in the Dictionary of American Regional English. “1 
couldn’t find any examples of shagging in this sense,” 
says Joan Hall of DARE, “and am especially glad to 
gel this.” 

Obviously, hooky-bobbing is a sport frowned on by 
parents all over the world, no matter what it is called. 
But it has a different name everywhere, and probably 
regionalisms within each major language. Collecting 
and describing the names, usmg a system of historical 
and geographical cross-references, is the work of re- 
gional lexicographers and dialectologists. In the Unit- 
ed States, DARE at the Univentity of Wisconsin is the 
best resource, building on earlier dictionaries of Amer- 
icanisms; Fred Cassidy, its guiding light, scrounges for 
funds among foundations who do future generations a 
favor by supporting DARE'S scholarly work. 

The related field of slang, which is in many in- 
stances a national sublanguage, tends to get commer- 
cial sponsorship. Dictionaries of slang sell Usually 
these are glossaries of a special field or subculture, but 
now Random House is preparing a full-scale dictio- 
nary of slang, on historical principles and with de- 
tailed citations, which will do for nonstandard Eng lish 
what DARE is doing for regionalisms and what the 
Oxford English Dictionary Supplement did for the 
whole lan g ua ge 

Pick up a current newspaper and see how slang 
enlivens oar hnga “Before arriving at 7 A. he makes 
calls all along the way,” Meg Cox of The Wall Street 
Journal writes about the media tycoon Rupert Mur- 
doch. “Insiders say be runs his empire by ’phone and 
done,’ and even be admits to being a ’phone freak'" 

What’s a freak? The forthcoming Historical Dictio- 
nary of American Slang, edited by Jonathan Lighter, 
shows how the slang word developed along two senses. 
The first is “a person who is markedly or offensively 
eccentric in dress or behavior; weirdo.” The first cita- 
tion. earlier than any other dictionary’s, is from Finley 
Peter Dunne’s “Mr. Dooley" series in 1 895: “The delud- 
ed ol' freak . . . had me up aS las’ month.” A year 
later, a fictional character objected to a “swell girl 
. . . boldin’ on to some freak with side whiskers.” 

That sense cannot be what Rupert Murdoch has in 
mind in describing himself as a phone freak. The 

second sense, which began developing at the same 
time, is “an ardent or extreme devotee, practitioner or 
enthusiast.” Aha! A maven. 

Now we have some solid data on which to ground 
our definition of the two senses of the slang term. 
Synonynnsts like me can then split hairs: an enthusiast 
is avid but inexpert, as is an aficionado; a connoisseuris 
a coolly judgmental expert; a maven is a scholarly 
nonexpert, often self-taught, who delights in die sub- 
ject; a freak is someone who gets carried away by tta^ 
subject beyond all good sense (though the tom is less 
pejorative when used sdf-mockingly, as I will explain 
when Murdoch gets me on the phone). 

Will the new dictionary have clout? When I my ^» 
wrote that this term originated in New York politics, I 
was sharply taken to task by my colleague in columny 
Mike Royko, who insisted it was a classic Chicagoism. 

The HD AS, as it will be known in scholarly circles, 
defines it as “political influence; (hence) power." Jesse 
SbekUower, a contributing editor to the forthc oming 
slang dictionary, offers a citation that antedates the 
earikst DARE reference by 70 years: “The provenance 
of the remarkably early 1868 quotation," be notes, 
“suggests that the term arose in New York; though it is 
now of national distribution, journalists often associate 
it with Chicago politics." (He doesn't want to get a blast 
from Royko.) The ci ration, earliest of anybody s, is from 
127 of "Dear Walt,” a collection of letters to Walt 
itman; his brother Thomas Jefferson Whitman 
wrote, “Fellows in Brooklyn] . . . always think they 
are going to be deprived of office and 'clout .' " And a 
second sense is presented from police slang: “a political- 
ly influential friend or ally.” A 1955 usage: “The ‘rabbi’ 
in New York police parlance is the ’clout’ in Chicago." 

The dictionary is scheduled for publication litis 
spring. Slanguists areitchy, on pins and needles, hot to 
trot, prepared to be freaked oul 

pa» . , 


O'- i 


it . 

Dr. Stephen Jones of Rockville, Maryland, calls me 
his patient. 1 like that word; it makes me feel secure. 
Dr. Richard Sdzer, the surgeon and writer, once told a 
Mayo Medical School graduating class that the word 
patient comes from the Latin patL “to suffer," adding: 
“Doctors have patients. This is, above all, what distin- 
guishes us from lawyers, who have clients. ... We 
have patients, and they suffer." 

Clients suffer, loo, at the hands of some lawyers, but 
the distinction is valid. In recent years, however, a 
dehumanizing note has crept into the medical lan . 
gunge: Patients have become health care consumers. 
Victor Cohn, the former Washington Post health col- 
umnist, was among the first to deride the trend toward 
calling doctors caregivers and healthcare [one word] 
producers; the new terms lump the MDs among less 
well-trained professionals. The big word now is provid- 
which has taken care of caregiver. 

Thanks to the info explosion, it’s spreading. 1 used 
to be a writer. Now I'm a content provider. 

New York Tima Service 



Appears on Page 12 

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Forecast for Tuesday through Thursday, as provided by Accu- Weather. 

North America 

Los Angales and San Fran- 
cisco Win have dry weather 
Tuesday through Thursday 
w9h at least partial sunshtai 
each day. A couple ol show- 
ers will dampen Houston 
Tuesday and perhaps 
Wednesday. Gusty breezes 
wIR Wow in New York City 
Tuesday and Wedne s d a y. 


High winds will ol times 
•MW through northwestern 
Europe from Britain and Ire- 
land to southern Scamfinavia 
and south to the Alps. Within 
this region there wfl also be 
spells of showery rain. !n 
Spain. Portugal. Italy and 
southern France it will be 
mH and rather sunny. 


Rain wfl fan every new and 
then in Taiwan, and hi south- 
ern China fridu-ding Hong 
Kong. In Shanghai, rain is 
Hkety Wednesday, in Seijftg 
and Seoul the period wflt be 
dry and cool. In Japan, 
Tokyo may have brief rain 
and snow Tuesday: other- 
wise, it will be brisk wild 
same sun. 







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North America 


» Play opening 
5 Ran 

9 Shawl or afghan 
14 Forsaken 
is Yellow brick, 

is Moonshine 
17 Unencumbered 

19 Composed 

20 Follower of 
31 -Across? 

31 Follower of 
20 - Across? 

23 Small: Suffix 
23 Ripped 

24 Derm. 

27 Proverbial 
32 Sleepy HoHow 
94 Ampersand 

36 Folk tales 

37 Ship's officers 
3» — time 


40 Upshots 

41 Morning hrs. 

42 Waffle topping 

43 Kind of disease, 

Middle East 

Latin America 

Today Tomorrow 

Wgh Low W High Low W 


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9/vsnow. Hob. w-WeaSnr. ABmapo, forecasts and data prodded by AbwWuther, Inc. Cl 994 


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307 ah 






1457 a 

Son Fran. 





0/40 pc 






409 Eh 






■4/25 rfi 






409 ah 


Solution to Puzzle of March 11 

□HmtaannEs aaaaa 
Easasiiiaaa aasns 
ianaQaDaQEa □□□□□ 
dq □□□□ aisana 
qde3 Baa nana 
□□□□ aamaHaniaa 


dbq Dam □□□ naa 

□□a HEEdE □□SEE! 

□□□□□□□EEl □□□□ 

BQGjn QHlII [3 tun 
□□□□□ DEEIS □□□ 
□□□HE □□□□□□□LilLI 

giehee aQaauaaaai 

47 Hook shape 

48 Alphabet 

49 Unmixed, as a 

si Character actor 

54 Siarts 

58 in the thick of 

99 Be afraid to 

80 Hope of 

81 Manhattan 

82 Gamblers' 

63 Boorish 

84 Some com bos 

85 Sharp put-down 


1 — — Romeo 

2 Hip 

3 De (too 


4 Words before 
“red’ or 

5 Literary sister 

8 Give some 


7 Maneuver 

b While House 
9 Block 

10 Fun and games 

11 Kind of beer 

12 Eight, m 

13 A question of 

is Singer Lenya 
u Merchandise 

23 Manner of 

24 Staff leader 
29 University of 

Maine site 
26 TV announcer 

28 1 980 DeLuise 
29 Bizarre 
ao “Peanuts' 
31 Stock plans 
ownership - 

33 Young ‘uns 
37 Horace and 

42 Disreputable 

44 Some are 

45 World cultural 

© New York Times Edited bv Will Short;, 





2 d"’ 

U’avd in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 

ABET Access Numbers, 

How local! around the world. 

I l Hew ilk* chan below, find cbe country yuu are culling fn/m. 

DL/I the corresponding AIKT Access Number. 

3. An Aner English- speaking Operator or voice prompt will ;u,k for the phone number you wish to call or cornea vou to a 
customer service rvprcsentali ve 

To receive your free wallet card of AJKTs Access Number* just dill trie access number nf 
the country you're in and ask for Customer Service. 









Hotfg Kong 











11 ’ 



New Zealand 


1 PhfUppfanefr* 


't J. *■*'■*4.1. 

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Sri Lanka 






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00- 1 800-00 10 


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Czech Rep 















’■Cosa Rica’S 








El Salvador's 





























Roaala— (Moscow) 




















O 5 OO 09 OOU 








Cayman Islands 
















Netfa. torfl 


Saudi Arabia 


•Sl KJrts,/Xrvis 











t Y '‘I.*: 


Egypt* (Cairo) 


0130-0010 Belize* 

001-800-200-1111 Gabon* 



00*00-1331 Bolivia* 

555 Gambia* 


DO* -800-01111 

0*00-1111 Kenya* 

00111 ' 



0008010 Liberia 


' If'-T ' jHiimfUrdremri .njIliNrlnjlIi'niiiit 1 , -lltt World Caawc i — Swm- 
l<vfnu. t <min>iitMV«i\i3EiiiKtefivi.Tiin*4vilunTimiMi| C , jusi|j muja . 
'I'* 1 ' '* du- 'ntiTpnUlkaiyiinvr iWILmmupV' 

HU - Up«1dCon*rn— syr>livi,j,jftji4, ln«>*- nn H n i-.nii«.ki*u.,,- 
tiwr World Cowwr>.TvVr nm« 

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TIiMn |4» m* nipavilqiiwa,* iitttl I If phr « ,a«J (ivdgf hi). 

-I'lMi, i-taint-mpdn- < u<m« |4>wiwdr,idJhiin,- nuiitiiMMiiim 

!<• Ml 5 ,d>rt h «l 4 , 

00* -03 12 Malawi** 



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