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PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


Paris, Wednesday, March 16 , 1994 


No. 34.537 


Veteran of the Last Laugh , Kohl Keeps Smiling 


5“ ^ hltne y point during the North Atlantic Treaty Orga- 

d rajhi n-Zi,"" 0 ??" nization summit meeting in January, Mr. CUn- 

ctrwv? T^^° ce ^ 0r ^ C * m . ut Kohl has ton told Mr. Kohl that he had dreamed that the 
hm$ 1 ? r . raore ,than 1 1 years. German leader was a sumo wrestler, a bit of an 

' X? a F? aoa . P 01 ! 5 accur *“ exaggeration for the chancellor, who may be 

forecasts of the Oct. 16 national elections, his big. at six feet four (1.94 meters) and 300 
- domination might be at an end. nnun/tc / 1 -w hi — 


have been with us for 30 years, so I'm in the and foreign interests clash. Mr. Kohl goes for 
unusual position of telling people at campaign the votes at home every time, 
rallies that we have to c hang e our ways of 1° 1985. for example, he insisted that Presi- 


rallies that we have to 
doing things.’' he stud. 


In 1985. for example, he insisted that Presi- 
dent Ronald Reagan visit a German military 


P a , pounds (136 kilograms), but not that big. party on Sunday in Lower Saxo 

- ll woul d send shock Bui with Germany's unemployment rale own heavy campaign schedule t 
ves around ine Continent and across the over 10 percent, with more than 4 million loss," he conceded on Monday. 

Atlantic. Sinn, for manti nf Kir ... ... . y 


Nevertheless, a string of 18 state and local cemetery in Bitburg, despite a controversy that 
elections began with a defeat for Mr. Kohl’s raged after it turned oui that some members of 


party on Sunday in Lower Saxony, despite his Nazi Waffen-SS elite military units had been 
own heavy campaign schedule there. “A bitter buried there. 

loss," he conceded on Monday. Mr. Kohl prevailed on Mr. Reagan to come 


North Korea Stopped 
Nuclear Inspectors 
From Crucial Tests 


Atlanrir ... , „ wmi uiu.w umu ■* uuujuu iuao, ns wukuhj uii jvjuaujy. IVu. IS.OQ] prevailed OD Ml. KcaRan to COme 

he maD ^ of v , feU , 0 ^ leaders jobless — the highest levd since the start of the Since he first appeared on the national scene anyway as a gesture of postwar reconciliation 

!L h !i , K! e y s y rabo1 of <*«W P“‘-Wofld WaFlL economic recovery -and in the raid.^oTTpremier of the state of Sob* 


and all nf h; e r. ~: — -r , « tvuuuuuw i«*i*«* — auu ui u.c iuiu-i7iw « ^icuucr ui ujc suiic ui joins intellectuals ana commentators called 

Tirjr ihrnad p0lentiaJ are little- with government finances in such a bad state Rhineland-Palaiinalc, his political genius has him ignorant or worse for forcing the issue, but 

But at 63Mr Kohl look h a. ^ ^ KohJ * s OPP 00 ® 015 bave drawing always bom a shrewd mixture of provincial many ordinary citizens thought him patriotic 


1 s-" 


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■? l ?Y ssou *? ana me aanoaus on the Rhine fate. that has often reassured Germany's nervous 

outade his modem third-floor office here on a Here. too. he is all optimism. neighbors. 

sparkling spring afternoon, he just smiled and The deep recession that we’re just coming Even his opponents do not question his 

said: Ewr since I can remember, people have out of has laid bare economic problems that commitment to Europe, but when domestic 
been predicting my immin ent political 
demise. Once it made me angry; later 
it amused me; now I simply ignore it." 

T know just as sure as I look out the 
window and see spring that the mood 
has changed,” he said. Tm going to 
win." 

Mr. Kohl has had the last laugh on 
his opponents often enough to indulge 
in such idiosyncrasies as not giving 
■ internews to newspapers and maga- 
zines he does not like, which means a 
r *good many of them. He does not even 
read Der Spiegel the country’s leading 
newsmagazine, which proclaimed 
“The End of the Kohl Era” on its 
cover in December. 

Mr. Kohl has been there before. He 
seemed beaded for electoral defeat in 
. the last national elections in 1990, but 
was saved by the sudden collapse of 
the Beilin Wall in 1989 and the unex- 
pected opportunity it offered for Ger- 
man reunification. He seized the op- 
portunity with consummate 
determination and diplomatic skill, 
and with firm backing from the Bush 
administration. 

Today, be has the best personal re- 
lationship of any European leader 
with the Clinton administ ration. 

"I am a proven friend of the United 
States," he said. “My relationship with < 

America is emotional and deep-seat- 
ed. And I have had extraordinary hide 
with allrecent U.S. presidents, includ- 
ing a great relati onshi p now with Bill 
CKnton.” 

He visited the president in Wash- 
ington briefly early this year, strength- 
ening his own image in German vot- 
ers' eyes as America's most trusted I-,,—. . ■ _ 

ally. He playfully endured Mr. Clin- ... . . . , , 

ton’s ribbing about his size. At one Mr. Kohl waiting for a meeting Tuesday in Bonn; “Ever since I can remember, people have been predicting my imminent political demise. 


"In Germany today, two-thirds of the popu- 
lation were bom after Hitler," he recently said. 
“1 see the role of my generation, which* is old 

See KOHL, Page 6 



It C®. 


Jacr&n Srtofcum 
IifWiI rlnmica ^ 


'V- .- 


Election Countdown Is On for Italy’s Would-Be Savior 


By William Drozdiak 

Washington Post Service 

ROME — To bis supporters, be embodies 
"the Italian miracle^ that he promises for the 
country: a fresh entrepreneurial spirit to sweep 
away decades of political decay and produce a 
new era of prosperity through lower taxes and a 
million more jobs. 

To his detractors, he is a dangerous dema- 
gogue trying to salvage his debt-ridden business 
empire by hoodwinking voters into believing he 
has found a painless panacea to solve the myri- 


ad troubles afflicting the world’s fifth-laigesi 
industrial power. 

But less than two weeks before Italy bolds 
general elections deemed as the most important 
since voters chose the Christian Democrats 
over the Communists in 1948. the billio n aire 
media magnate Silvio Berlusconi has surprised 
allies and enemies alike by emerging as the man 
most likely to become the next prime minister. 

With tbc country still reding from a revolu- 
tion caused by a two-year corruption inquiry 
that has devastated the political and business 


elite, the elections are expected to usher in a 
new population of leaders. About three-quar- 
ters of the candidates running for parliament 
have never been involved in politics before. 

The astounding rise of the 57-ye»r-qld ty- 
coon, whose vast business interests] include 
three television stations, publishing houses, ad- 
vertising agencies, shopping mails and the 
country's top soccer team, has turned_ the elec- 
tion into a titanic struggle between forces on 
the right and the left that may shape the coun- 
try's political identity for years to come. 


“We want to open up Italy and unleash the 
energy and dynamism of its people," says Anto- 
nio Martino, one of Mr. Berlusconi’s top advis- 
ers on economic policy. “Growth and jobs will 
only come when we can get the government and 
all of its inefficiencies out of the way." 

According to the final round of independent 
opinion polls taken before voting is held on 
March 27 and 28, Mr. Berlusconi's grass-roots 
movement Forza Italia (Lei’s Go, Italy!) has 

See ITALY, Page 2 


By David E. Sanger 

.V« York Times Service 

TOKYO— North Korea blocked inspectors 
from the international Atomic Energy Agency 
last week from taking critical samples of radio- 
active material inside their most important nu- 
clear site, making it impossible to determine 
whether the North is still working to develop an 
atomic weapon, officials in several countries 
who have been tracking the vital inspection said 
Tuesday. 

It was unclear whether the agency, an arm of 
the United Nations, would declare the inspec- 
tion a failure when its seven-man team reports 
on its findings Wednesday at the agency’s Vien- 
na headquarters. But the inspectors' cables and 
telephone calls to the agency suggested that 
although they carried out many of their tasks 
without incident. North Korean officials inter- 
fered whenever they began tests that would 
reveal bow much plutonium had been produced 
or bandied. 

[The United States acknowledged Tuesday 
that UN experts did not get North Korea s 
complete cooperation on inspections of seven 
nuclear sites, Reuters reported from Washing- 
ton. But a State Department spokesman, Chris- 
tine Shelly, said the government was not yet in a 
position to say if tins made it posable to know 
if Pyongyang was pursuing a nuclear arms 
program in violation of international commit- 
ments' or had reneged on an agreement with 
Washington.] 

The interference, after months of brinkman- 
ship with the North Korean government to 
allow the inspectors in at all, seemed almost 
certain to scuttle the Clinton administration's 
plans to begin negotiations with Pyongyang in 
Geneva next week. Those talks, which Wash- 
ington said from the start were contingent on a 
successful inspection, were intended to win 
broader and more intrusive inspections in re- 
turn for a package of political and economic 
rewards for the dosed Communist government. 

Now the administration must face head-on a 
choice: Whether to keep pressing for deeper 
inspections, or to move for the atomic agency to 
refer the issne to the UN Security Council for 
sanctions. 

Other nations involved appear split on the 
issue, with Japan and China urging more pa- 
tience, and several European countries pressing 
to make make good on the threat of taking the 
issue to the Security Council. 

“They have given us enough to say that they 
allowed an inspection, and not enough to come 
to any conclusions.” said a senior Asian official 
familiar with the early reports from the inspec- 
tion team. "It did not solve any of the impor- 
tant questions.” 

The Geneva meeting also hinges on a deal 
over the exchange of nuclear envoys between 
North and South Korea. So far, the two have 
not come to an agreement on terms, and they 
are to meet once again at the border between 
the two countries on Wednesday. 

The inspection team left Pyongyang on Tues- 
day, ending a two-week stay that marked the 
most comprehensive review of the North’s nu- 
clear plants in a year. Most of it took place in 
Yongbyon, the heavily guarded nuclear com- 
plex 100 kilometers (60 miles) north of the 


capital There were also studies at facilities at 
Kim II Sung University in Pyongyang. 

After the team briefs Hans Bux, toe atomic 
agency’s director-general on their conclusions, 
there mil likely be an an emergency meeting of 
the atomic agency's board of governors, which 
could refer the matter to the Security Council 
for action. 

That seems unlikely to happen immediately, 
however. Even without UN action. U.S. and 
South Korean officials say they bave a number 
of ways to step up pressure on the North. 

They could resume “Team Spirit,” an annual 
military exercise that was suspended as part of 
die deal that permitted the inspections over the 
past two weeks. They also could move ahead 
with plans to deploy the Patriot anti-missile 
system in South Korea, a step that would likely 
force die North to spend more on defense. 

The United States also has an aircraft carrier 
and accompanying ships now visiting the 
northeast Pacific; it could conduct exercises in 
the Sea of Japan, officials say. as a reminder to 
the North that economic sanctions could be 
enforced in the Sea of Japan. "There is no quick 
fix.” a senior South Korean official said Tues- 
day. “Whatever we do, we don’t want to set 
back our own cause.” 

Officially, the atomic agency will say little 
about the recently completed inspection. 

"We did manage to complete quite a kit of 
activities," David Kvd, the agency’s spokes- 
man, said Tuesday. "But what we achieved was 
partial fulfillment of the mission. We didn't 
manage to do everything that we set out to do, 
because of the restrictions that were imposed.” 

But officials in Japan, South Korea and the 
United States say the North Koreans seemed 
particularly intent on stopping any sampling 
from a “glove box" inside the reprocessing 
center. The box is where nuclear engineers 
handle radioactive material through specially- 
protected gloves. Samples from the gloves and 
the surrounding area would most likely have 
indicated whether further work to develop 
weapons-grade plutonium had been conducted. 

North Korean officials apparently argued 
lhat the inspectors had never tried to* gather a 
glove-box sample before, and that it would not 
allow any new procedures under their agree- 
ment with the United States, reached last 
month. 

The North also prevented inspectors from 
carrying out some, but not all, efforts to con- 
duct “gamma mapping,” in which a broad area 
is surveyed to reconstruct how nuclear material 
may have moved through the plant. It is based 
on picking up traces of gamma rays. 

The North has been particularly leery of 
nuclear samples since early early 1993, when a 
remarkable piece of detective work by the 
atomic agency touched off events that led to the 
current nuclear standoff. A careful siudy of the 
samples revealed inconsistencies that suggested 
the North had produced more plutonium, the 
basic fuel for nuclear weapons, than it had ever 
acknowledged. Later, the United States and 
others pressed for a "special inspection” of two 
riles that are believed to be nuclear waste 
dumps, and the North responded by threaten- 

See KOREA, Page 5 


Clintons’ Inner Circle Falls Ready to Die for White South Africa? Maybe Not 

Victim to Its Own Intimacy K'S 

J VENTERSDORP. South Africa —Their 


By Maureen Dowd 

New York Tunes Service 

WASHINGTON — It was a snail, golden 
group, the Friends of Bill and the Friends of 
Hillary, and for a time it ruled supreme, operat- 
ing almos t as a White House within the White 

' NEWS ANALYSIS 

'Jpuse. But now, as the administration reels 
from departure to sudden departure, there is an 
eerie sense of subtraction that recalls the 
Agatha Christie mystery “And Then There 
Were None.” . . 

This was the first administration mult on 
baby-boomer networking, with the primary ex- 


ample being Hillary Rodham Clinton’s fief in 
legal affairs, where lop jobs were given to her 
friends and former law partners. 

The essential quality of those in the Clintons’ 
inner circle was the shared intimacy of past 
times together. But now that very intimacy is 
claiming them, one by one, creating a chain of 
casualties that has left the survivors in the 
White House feeling shaken and besieged. 

In May, Harry Thomason, the Hollywood 
producer who served as the Clintons’ theatrical 
and ima g e adviser, gave up his White House 
pass when accusations of cronyism surfaced 
after the first lady involved herself in the dis- 


See CLINTON, Page 6 


Kiosk 


Deadlock at EU Enlargement Talks 


BRUSSELS (1HT) — Foreign ministers 
of the European Union failed Tuesday to 
achieve a compromise that would allow 
them to add Austria, Finland, Norway and 
Sweden as new members neict year. 

. They will meet again op Tuesday m an 
attempt to resolve the crisis, which again 
finds Britain pitted against the majority. 

Supported by Spuio- Britain is Trywg* 
hang on to a voting formula that gakesrt 
easier for the big powers to block EU deci- 

' The minis ters were reported dose to 
agreeing terms for N orway’s ta^owwer 

Portugal, Greece and Ireland. 


Newsstand Prices 

Andorra .....9,00 FF uixemboure 60 L. Fr 

Anti"®... ’1J0FF gS“3SB8 

Egypt E.P.500Q gggS&MR. 

France 9.00 FF cgnegot 960 CFA 

Gabon .960 CFA Spain ..—200 PTAS 

Greece. ...300 Dr. Tunisia ....1 -000 Din 

Ivory Coast .1.120 CFA Turkey ..T .L15.000 

Jorflon .UD U.A.e......8J0D'f 

Lebanon ...USS1 JO U.S. Mil. CEur.) SLIP 


The other candidate countries already 
bave agreed on their entry terms. 

Before they can join, their citizens win 
have to approve the applications in separate 
referendum*. The Union’s 5 18-member par- 
liament also must give its approvaL But 
because of upcoming elections for the par- 
liament, time is running out is running oat 
to complete the negotiations in time for 
entry by Jan. 1. 

The British conservative government is 
anxious not to give up “y sovereignty. 
Spain fears enlargement could weaken the 
position of poorer southern countries. 


By Paul Taylor 

Washington Past Service 

VENTERSDORP. South Africa — Their 
national headquarters, a storefront on the 
mam street of this sleepy farm town, is hid- 
den behind a freshly built sandbag wafl. and 
their flags are at half-staff. 

By outward appearances, the white ex- 
tremists of the neo-Nazi Afrikaner Resis- 
tance Movement were chastened by the dra- 
ma last week in Bophuthatswana, one of 10 
black “homelands" created by South Africa 
to reinforce its apartheid policy. 

The movement’s militant Afrikaners had 
picked up their weapons, boarded their pick- 
ups and drove into the homeland to protect a 
mack leader who had bought into the apart- 
heid doctrine — only to be tossed out less 
than 24 hours later by the very government 
they thought they bad come to rescue. 

The bloodshed which left about 60 killed 
started when Bophuthatswana residents 
sr a gpd an uprising to demand the right to 
participate in South Africa's first all-race 
ejections April 26-28, which are likely to 
result in the country’s first black government 

By the time it aided the South African 
government had cashiered Bophuth&ts* 
wana’s president Lucas Mangope, who was 
trying to keep bis homeland out of the vote, 
and the white supremacists had been humili- 
ated and separated from their allies in other 
rightist groups seeking to avoid living under 
black rule. 

But appearances deceive, said the organi- 
zation's 53-year-old leader, Eugene Terre’B- 
lanche, who called a news conference Mon- 



KmiJ Sontw Rouen 


HANDSHAKES FOR MANDELA — Nelson Mandela receiving a tumultuous 
welcome Tuesday in Bophuthatswana, where be was hailed as a liberator. Page 5. 

day to explain wbat happened in Die setback came, Mr. Terre’Blancbe as- 
BophUthatswana. scried, because he suffered betrayals — by 

He said his operation had been a "brilliant Bophuthatswana, by his fellow rightists, and 
victory” and X a miracle,” even though it by the South African government and de- 
railed to achieve its objective of keeping Mr. fenseforca. 

M ango pe in power and undermining next South Africans have been bearing this kind 

month’s vote. of bombast from Mr. Tore’Blanche since be 


founded his group two decades ago and 
chose as its insignia three 7s arranged in a 
way that evoke a swastika. He is a fanner, a 
former policeman, a spellbinding orator, a 
sometime poet. Some consider him a laugh- 
ingstock, others see him as a genuine menace. 

Ia any case, his movement claims it has 
grown. Nioo Prinstoo, its secretary-general 
said it had 60,000 armed and trained com- 
mandos — triple the number in 1990 when 
Nelson Mandela, the African National Con- 
gress leader, was released from prison and 
began his march toward what looks like a 
victory in the presidential election. 

But one of the questions raised by the 
organization’s performance in Bophulhats- 
wana last week was whether its members 
really are ready, as they say, to lay down their 
lives to preserve pan of South Africa's white- 
run society. 

A few boors after taking up a position with 
more than 1 ,000 men at the Bophuthatswana 
Air Base, Mr. Terre’Blanche was asked to 
leave the scene by Bophuthatswana officials 
and fellow rightist leaders who said his pres- 
ence — in the midst of an already bubbling 
crisis — was incendiary. He left, and his 
troops stayed. As they retreated several hours 
later. Bophuthatswana security forces, en- 
raged that white rads Is had come into Lbetr 
country, fired at them. 

A Mercedes carrying three leaders was 
raked with bullets. One man was killed out- 
right, and two were wounded. They pleaded 
for their lives in front of television cameras 

See HOMELAND, Page 5 


Book Review 
Crossword 


Down 

13.39 

3.849.59 


as e v5° llar T Um , 9S -..L 

dm 1.6973 

pound 1.4906^ 

Yen 106.14 

FF - ~ 5.7725 


Page 10. 
Page 28. 


Up 

0.13% fe 

114.18 

previous dose 
1.691 
1.4958 
106.175 
5.747 


Two Spains Collide at the ‘Tree of the Apparitions’ 


By Alan Riding 

New York Times Service 

EL ESCORIAL. Spain — Faces tense with expectation, 
hands nervously clutching rosary beads, some 1,500 men, 
women, and children gathered in silence around the gnarled 
ash tree to hear the message that the Virgin Mary delivers 
here punctually on the first Saturday of every month. 

That it should come over the loudspeaker system puzzled 
no one. As always, the pilgrims were told, Amparo Cuevas, a 
64- Year-old former cleaning woman, had gone into ecstasy 
earner in the day and spoken in the voice of Mary. And, as 
always, her assistants had recorded the message. 

That aD eyes should be on the ash tree was also now n 
should be because it was there that Mrs. Cuevas said toe 
Virgin first appeared to her in June 1981. Since then, the 
tree of the apparitions” has become an object of veneration. 


To the faithful then, it seemed quite normal that toe 
Virgin should again be presail in what Pope Pius XU called 
"the land of Very Holy Mary." This is a country with 22,000 
cults built around Mary, and more than half the 277 reli- 
gious orders are dedicated to the Virgin. 

Yet if this expression of Spain’s Marian devotion contin- 
ues to draw large crowds to the shaded slope called Prado 
Nuevo, it has also produced a no-1 ess- Spanish backlash in 
the form of a campaign by the Socialist mayor to put the 
charitable foundation Virgen de los Dolores out of business. 

The mayor, Mariano Rodriguez, says the promoters of the 
cult are using tactics of "sectarian and/or mafia groups" to 
exercise “pernicious" psychological influence over their fol- 
lowers in order to extract money from them. Put differently, 
be thinks they are swindlers and impostors. 

Responding to him, though, is toe Virgin herself. Or so the 


pOgrims believe when Mrs. Cuevas uses her monthly mes- 
sage to attack the mayor and toe town council and to urge 
her believers to keep craning here. "This place is sacred," she 
said recently. “The Son of God has chosen it" 

And as the dispute has increased, Spain as a whole has 
become engrossed in what seems to be a re-enactment of this 
country’s age-old battle between right and left between the 
Roman Catholic Church and society, between its devout and 
superstitious past and its modem and ever more secular 
present. 

Even toe setting seems appropriate. On a hill above this 
town 50 kilometers (30 miles) northwest of Madrid looms 
the massive 16th century monastery built by Philip 11 when 
church and state were one. Nearby is the civil war monu- 

See CULT, Page 5 


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TV5 * U " i ^ ir aa.s*gi 






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Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 



j Pentagon Argues 
^ Against Using Force 


Military Fears Bosnia Success 
Will Inspire More Adventures 


By Michael R. Gordon 

New York Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — Three 
weeks after the threat of NATO air 
strikes quelled the fighting in Sara- 
jevo, the Pentagon's senior civilian 
and militar y officials have taken to 
the hustings, not to boost about 
their success but to slow the calls 
for further use of the U.S. military. 

As the Serbs continued their at- 
tacks on other Bosnian cities and 
towns, and as calls from the Bal- 
kans for greater U.S. involvement 
grew loader. Defense Secretary 
William J. Perry delivered a speech 
last week in which he raised the 
specter of Vietnam and outlined 
the tests that should be sat&ied 
before the threat of North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization air strikes was 
applied to other cities. 

General John ML ShatikashvOi, 
the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff, reinforced the point in blunt- 
er terms. 

'There were very specific condi- 
tions around Sarajevo that lent 
themselves to the application of air 
power, conditions that don’t exist 
in any other places in Bosnia to- 
day,” he said last week. 

The Pentagon is clearly willing to 
fulfill its obligation to protect UN 
peacekeepers with close air support 
if they need iL But taking on new 
obligations to protect Bosnian 
M uslims is another matter, and the 
Pentagon has a long-standing fear 
of being drawn into open-ended 
foreign engagements. 

So Mr. Perry and others have put 
themselves in an odd position: 


iy and General Shalfkashvili is 
more flexible about using force for 
limited aims than their predeces- 
sors, Les Aspin and General Pow- 
ell, and that the issue of expanding 
the use of air power to protect other" 
Muslim enclaves is still open. 

Still, the Pentagon is raising the 
caution flag. 

In his fust major speech on Bos- 
nia, Mr. Perry said that air raids 
could not be extended to protect 
other Muslim enclaves unless the 
strikes would improve the pros- 
pects for a diplomatic settlement 
and reduce civilian casualties. He 
also argued that air power could 
not protect most of the Muslim 
enclaves because they were being 
attacked by small arms and not by 
large artillery pieces that would be 
identifiable from the air. 

Casting the issue in teems of the 
heated debate over Vietnam, Mr. 
Perry said air power in situations 
where the combatants were close 
together could increase civilian ca- 
sualties. 



WORLD BRIEFS 


Rail Traffic Is Disrupted as Police 
Defuse Bomb at Station Near London 


LONDON (Reuters) — Bomb-disposal specialists disarmed an explo- 
sive device outside a train station south of the city on Tuesday, respond- 
ing to a Irish Republican Army attack that followed three ® 

mortar assaults on London's main airport in the past week. 

Police said a British Rail worker had spotted the bomb Tbesday 
morning undo' a bridge near the Sevenoaks station in Kent. 

Trains on the major route to London were suspended, c aus i ng long 
delays, and nearby streets were sealed off. The station was reopened after 
about six hours. There was no immediate claim of responsibility. 

The last bomb attack on a British train line came in December 1993/ 
when the IRA blew up a commuter line southwest of London. 




Russia Agrees to Pull Out of Latvia 


MOSCOW (AF) — After two years of talks, Russian and Latvian' 
officials cleared the way Tuesday for the withdrawal of aH Russian troops^ 
from the Baltic country. * 

Russia agreed to pullout its r emaining 12,000 troops in Latvia by Aug. 
31. Latvia said Russia could keep its radar station at Skrunda — which, 
had been a sticking point in the talks — for four more years and' 
guaranteed the rights of retired Russian officers living in Latvia. Sergei- 
Zotov, head of the Russian delegation, praised the agreement as a- 
“victory of common sense. 

Annexed by the Soviet Union in 1940, the Baltic nations of Estonia, 
Lama and Li thuania won independence in 1991. Since then, more than" 
130,000 former Soviet troops have been withdrawn from their territory, - 
though only Li thuania have become entirety free of Russian soldiers. 




Mexican Banker Reported Abducted 


4*1 - 




suames. ffie/Tl* AmodMcd Prea 

T recall the observation from Sadako Ogata, the United Nations high commissioner for refugees, greeting a Serbian chBd Tuesday at a cany near Belgrade, 
the Vietnam War that we had to 


destroy the village in order to save 
it" he said. 

But EKot A. Cohen, a professor 
at the Paul H. Nitze School of Ad- 
vanced International Study and the 
former director of a Pentagon 
study of air power in the Gulf War, 
said Mr. Perry’s comments reflect- 
ed an “overly constricted” view. 

During the Gulf War, for exam- 


UN Force Seeks Fast Air Strike Approval 


Rather than promote the strengths bons in the rear areas; air strikes 
of the mili tary, they are playing were not finnted to the troops in the 
down its capability and sedan g to w ho were firing the artillery 

restrict the situations in which air shells or driving the tanks. 


strikes might be used. 

Some specialists say that such 
remarks could inadvertently give 
the Serbs a green light to press the 
fi ghting in places other than Saraje- 
vo and undermine Mr. Clinton’s 
diplomatic efforts to present a reso- 
lute face to the warring parties. 

“If this turns out to be a reversal 
to old Pentagon attitudes about the 
use of force in Bosnia, it is quite 
possible we could undermine the 
momentum behind our promising 
peace initiative,” said Morton 
Abramowitz, president of the Car- 
negie Endowment for International 
Peace and a former senior State 
Department official 

Mr. Perry’s comments have also 
become a source of contention 
within the air force. One officer 
who helped plan (he air attacks 
during the Gulf War said the re- 
marks reflected “a lack of under- 
standing of how you can employ air 
power to compel others to do what 
you want them to do." 

From the start, Bosnia has been 
part of a broader debate about how 
to use military power in the post- 
Cold War world. Bosnia does not 
fit the clastic Pentagon war scenar- 
io, in which the purpose of militaiy 
action is not to apply mOiuury pres- 
sure on a belligerent in order to 
encourage a diplomatic settlement, 
bat to win a decisive victory and 
occupy territory. 

The Pentagon's first response, as 
advocated by General Cohn L. 
Powell, the former chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs, was that there was no 
one way to slow the fighting short 
of a vast infusion of ground troops. 

When the Clinton administra- 
tion took office it began to question 
the Pentagon's “all or nothing” ap- 
proach and focused on more limit- 
ed use of farce for more limited 
political objectives, like lifting the 
siege of Sarajevo. 

After months of wrangling with- 
in NATO, and a mortar attack on 
Sarajevo that killed 68 people, the 
alliance issued an ultimatum to the 
Serbs to pull out or face air strikes. 
For the first time in the Bosnian 

a crafibl^dueat of force. ^ 

The success of that ultimatum 
led the national security adviser, 
W. Anthony Lake, Secretary of 
State Warren M. Christopher, and 
others, to examine how similar 
threats might be used to end fight- 
ing in other towns. 

Administration officials say that 
the new Pentagon team of Mir. Per- 


ionner mreaor or a rauagon R T . ICifriM- 

study of air power in the Gulf War, Jp Kj P er 

said Mr. Perry’s comments reflect- New Vor * Tl ernce 

ed an “overly constricted” view. ZAGREB, Croatia — The new Ltaited Na- 
During the Gulf War, for exam- tions commander in the former Yugoslavia 
pie, the allies bombed die Iraqi asked Tuesday for more authority to call in 
commanders who were giving the NATO air support after an incident Sunday 
orders and destroyed key installs- when a three-hour delay allowed Serbian na- 
tions in the rear areas; air strikes Annalist forces attacking UN peace k eepers to 
were not limited to the troops in the escape retribution. 
nddwtowatrmflgU.canOtay do believe Here an when the u&n- 

shdb or dnyingthcta nks- of ^ ^ te ^ 

Mr. Cohen snidMlPcrTy’s coo- I 4 rfon- - Ualtman i Gra ^ 1 BairamfdeLo- 

presle of France said Tuesday, responding to 


Mr. Cohen said Mr. Perry's con- faction? lSSbS® 

Cepl ,^ S S.^1? W t Cnf f ,r T pnsleof France said Tue 
men t, m urtnch individual oilpnts questions about the dday. 
were identified and arrested, than 4 3 

traditional warfare, in which ^his is not to wage war. but to safeguard our 

strikes woe carried out against an foremost right — self-defense,” he added, 
array of targets to punish the ad- General dc Lapresle 
versaiy. French general, Jean Cot, ; 

Last week, General Shalikashvili the United Nations Protec 


series of public quarrels in which he com- 
plained about the UN's bureaucracy in New 
York and charged his troops were left “like 
goats tethered to a stake,” unable to protect 
themselves against the combatants in the three- 
way war. 

But the UN troops have taken a strikingly 
more active role in the past two months, largely 
due to the leadership of a tough new command- 
er in Bosnia, Lieutenant General Sir Michael 
Rose of Britain. His predecessor, a Belgian, also 
left complaining of a lack of power. 

Capitalizing on international horror over a 


mortar attack on a crowded Sarajevo public 
market and the resultant threat of NATO air 


argued that Sarajevo was a special 
case because the Serbs’ artillery po- 
sitions were in open country and 
UN troops could take control of 
and weapons surrendered. 


foremost right — self-defense,” he added. 

General dc Lapresle succeeds another 
French general, Jean Cot, as the commander of 
the United Nations Protection Force, a number 
of whose past senior officers have complained 
about an uncertain mandate, lack of support 
from their civilian superiors, and too few 
troops. 

General Cot leaves his command early after a 


market and the resultant threat of NATO air 
strikes. General Rose has negotiated a cease- 
fire in the besieged city between Serbian forces 
in the hills and lie Bosnian defenders, and 
another in Central Bosnia between the Muslim- 
led government and ethnic Croatian national- 
ists. He is now trying to open up the city and 
restore it to normal Ufe. 


On Sunday, French UN troops in Bosnia 
came under me from Serbian troops near Bihac 


came under fire from Serbian troops near Bihac 
and requested air support. The request went up 


the drain of co mman d, from General Rose, to 
General Cot, to the top UN official here, Yasu- 
shi AkashL All approved (he request, but by the 
time an American guns hip flying in (he area 
arrived, cloud cover had dosed in and the Serbs 
stole away. 

■ Serbs Block Relief Convoy 
UN relief officials said that Bosnian Serbian 
officials on Tuesday refused to grant permis- 
sion for a relief convoy to enter the besieged 
Muslim enclave of Maglaj, Reuters reported 
from Sarajevo. 

A spokesman for the UN High Commission- 
er for Refugees accused the Serbs of “ethnic 
deansing by starvation” and pledged to chal- 
lenge the decision to block the convoy. 

“This blatant refusal is outrageous,” the 
spokesman, Peter Kessler, sa i d 
“After months of protest from the interna- 
tional community Maglaj is virtually the last 
outpost of war and terror in Bosnia,” the 
spokesman said. “This tactic of ethnic deans- 
ing by starvation must be brought to a halt.” 

He added that the UN would “continue to 
apply every single day until we get a convoy in.” 


MEXICO CITY (AF) — The chairman of Mexico’s biggest bank has 
been kidnapped, apparently by the same band of criminals who have 
abducted other businessmen for ransom, law enforement sources said, 
Tuesday. . • 

Alfredo Harp Hdu, chairman of Grupo Finandero Banaxnex-Acdval, 
was seized from his car Monday as he was bong driven to weak, local, 
news repeals said. A source dose to the investigation said the auihorities- 
bdieved Mr. Harp was kidnapped by Mexicans who have been involved . 
in the abductions of other businessmen in recent years. 

The source said the kidnappers had no political motives and were only 
seeking ransom. The Mexican stock market plunged more than 2 percent . 

in opening trades Tuesday, a reaction attnbuted in part to the news. 
Roadblocks were set up at all the exits to the capital and helicopters were' 
deployed in the search for the missing banker. 


if >*. .. 
..on:- - 


* ■ — - ■ - -' 

v,c‘- ' .. . 


Nixon Meets With Russian Extremist 



MOSCOW ( AF) — Former President Richard Nixon capped a politi- 
cally charged visit to Moscow on Tuesday by meeting with the nltrana- 
tionalist Vladimir V. Zhirin ovsky, who swore the world has nothing to 
fear from him 

But Mr. Zhirinovsky did warn of imminen t political unrest in Russia 
and advised the United States not to get caught backing “radical 
democrats.” 

Mr. Zhirin ovsky said that he had given Mr. Nixon a copy of his 
autobiography and had inscribed: “Don’t support the losers in the last 
elections; there’s no future in iL” Reformas backing President Boris N. 
Yeltsin fared poorly in December’s parliamentary elections, white Mr. 
Zfcixinovdcy’s party finished first. 




Car dinal Is Seized by Brazil Inmates 


Settlers Are Above Law, Israeli Rights Group Says 


RIO D£ JANEIRO (Reuters)— Cardinal Dorn Alrasio Lorscheider, a 
candidate for Pope in 1978, and 1 1 other people were seized by inmates 
Tuesday during a prison uprising in northern Brazil, the police said. 

Prisoners later released one of tire hostages, Jo&o Alfredo Mdo, who 
heads the Brazilian Bar Association’s Human Rights Commission, the 
Agenda Estado press service reported. The police could not confirm this. 

Cardinal Lorscheider, 68, the Archbishop of Fortaleza, is a social 
activist who was a strong opponent of Brazil's military regimes in the 
1970s. He was visiting the mammntn security prison in Fortaleza with a 
rights commission when a group of prisoners overpowered security 
guards and grabbed 2 guns, a military police spokesman said. 


By David Hoffman 

Washington Pott Service 

JERUSALEM — Israel’s army and law 


mil complaints, out of fear of the police, it 
said. 

The group's findings were announced as 


strators denounced the government in a rally army permits shooting at the legs of Palestin- 
Tuesday nighL Several members of the Kach ians to apprehend them. 


Ward Sets Souther. 


enforcement system have systematically debate in Israel intensified over the role of 
failed to enforce the law agiinct aimed Jew- the army and police in controlling settler 


ish settlers in the West Bank and Gaza Strip violence after the Hebron massacre in which 
who have attacked and killed Palestinians, a militant Jewish settler, Baruch Goldstein, 


an Israeli human rights group said Tuesday. 

The army responded to B’Tselem’s from shooting at Jewish settlers, even if they Maresen, zz, was a member ot tne kco 

of the intifada, or uprising against Israeli charges by pointing to the government’s were opening fire on Palestinians. Eagles gang affiliated with the group, 

rale, the group, BTselem, found that the crackdown on extremist Jewish groups after The Israeli newspaper Ha’aretz published m Stresses Security 
Israeli authorities “apply an unstated policy «* massacre, and saying it would be rcspon- excerpts from a pamphlet that was tnstribut- _ v-., . d-iL .-a t„— 

of tolerance; annpSnise and fafl.Ee m able for tbe safety both of Jews and Arabs, ed to soldiers ^December. The document, Pr ™ ! t I ^ m ^ r K ^ tzhak Rabm sa,d J u “: 

bringing about full justice” against ihe Israe- On Tuesday, Rabbi Moshe Levinger, a according to the newspaper, was designed to Jy H !)^ n fll l JS SSai:r ^ 

lis. founder of the Jewish settlement in Hebron, give “detailed operational instructions” to ^. C ° UT,D ?1 5 ^dainentd posihmis 


killed dozens of Muslim worshipers on Feb. 
25. 


group were arrested, and dozens of other 
angry protesters clashed with police. Army 
Radio reported. 

The commission investigating the Hebron 
massacre heard testimony last week from a 


In Gaza, the border police shot and killed 
an armed Palestinian and wounded another 
after they opened fire at a patroL 

The Popular Front for the Liberation of 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


border police commander that the army had Palestine said in broadcasts from loudspeak- 
issued special rules that prohibit soldiers 05 Gaza that the slain g unm a n. Abdullah 

_ _ * . - - *1 » * — — n ninn n ■■■ * tLo O 


Egypt Invites Tourists to ’Safe Places’ 


Mehesen, 22, was a member of the Red 


ABU SIMBEL, Egypt (Reuters) — Egypt is to spend $42 million in 
promoting itself to try to win back toaiists scared off by Muslim mihtams 
and regain $800 milli on a year in lost revenue, Tourism Minister Mam- 
douh Bel tagi said Tuesday. 


The government will advise potential visitors against taking Nile 
cruises, which have been attacked by suspected militants, and to avoid the 
militant stronghold of Assiul in southern Egypt Instead, it will promote 
what Mr. Beliagi termed “100 percent safe places.” 

He said, “There have never been any security problems in the major 
tourist sites — Aswan, Luxor, Abu Simbd, the Red Sea, Alexandria, the 
Sinai and Western desert — amply because the populations there five on 
tourism.” 

Spain’s practice of charging only adntt foreign tourists for admission to 
museums is discriminatory, the European Court of Justice rated Tuesday. 
The court said Spain should stop letting its citizens, resident foreigners 
and tourists under 21 visit slate museums free of charge. (Rouen) 

Vietnam Animes wffl offer flights from Hanoi to Dien Ken Phu 
begiimiog April 1, spurred by demand from French tourists who want to 
visit the ate of the battle that ended French rate 40 years ago. (Reuters) 

British Airways wfll resume scheduled services to Bulgaria in May after 
a lapse of 12 years, the airline announced. (Bloomberg) 


founder of the Jewish settlement in Hebron, give "detailed operational instructions' to **: r 

Of the 62 Palestinians killed by Israelis ^summoned to cant Mite a nearly t»y soldiers for fmd% toelis who create pub- giS 


from 1988 to the end erf 1992, only one Israeli ya^qMdiaige of ignoring ang orders m Be ^tmbanoTfbc newspaper sod the 


was convicted of murder, the group 
Only seven of the Israelis who kzll< 


June 1992 to leave a closed militaiy zone, document had been approved at high levels Stories, Reuters reported from Washington. 


tin ians were responding to life-threatening charge and released on baiL 


Rabbi Levinger was indicted on (he minor of the military. 


“We have no intention of compromising 


situations, the group said. 


The charge appeared to be designed to 


“It will be emphasized.” the document 00 “V matters,” Mr. Rabin said in 

said, in text that was underlined, “that sol- remarks prepared for delivery to the main 


BTselem said it examined 48 cases in underscore the government’s effort to rein in diets are not to use weapons against Israe- P ro-l5rac l loo Dying group m the urniea 
which Palestinians were kflled, excluding militant settlers, although Rabbi Levinger lis.” Stales, the Amencan-Lsraeli Public Affairs 

those still under investigation. Of those 48 has not been associated with the two extrcm- The document said that ‘"reasonable Lomnuttee. 

‘ rce” could be used to detain Israelis, but Departing from his prepared text to ad- 


those still under investigation. Of those 48 has not been associated with the two extrcm- The document said that “reasonable 
cases, only 13 went to trial, and 27 cases were ist groups. Kadi and Kahane Lives, which force” could be used to detain Israelis, but 
closed without prosecution. “In many were outlawed Sunday. The police closed “handcuffs will not be used except in ex- 
cases,” BTselem said, “no investigation at and sealed the Jerusalem offices of both treme circumstances when there is no other 
all is carried out.” organizations on Tuesday. alternative in order to apprehend." 

In other cases Palestinians refuse to sub- In Tel Aviv, about 30,000 far-right demon- Previously, it has been disclosed that the 


“handcuffs will not be used except in ex- dress an issue close to the hearts of the 
creme circumstances when there is no other lobbying group, Mr. Rabin said. “I assure 


Previously, it has been disclosed that the rad’s sovereignty.” 


you, Jerusalem wfll remain united under Is- 


*jmr. to t?je Wire r 


Papal Aide to Meet Arafat and Gadhafi 


ITALY: The Nation’s Would-Be Savior Stands Ready 

Continued from Page 1 toe countty from falling under the Since launching his movement 


y^QUote 


UNIVERSITY DEGREE 

BACHELORS * MASTERS - BOCTORXTt 

# For Work. Ufa art Acadranh 
Bl Uii • Ha Pmotow 
A fftndnca ROOM 
(310)471-0306 
FAX: (310)471-6456 


oa or wrtte far Min miliuii 
or swrf flcttUU mu far Fra rmiflui 


Pacific Western University 

BOON ScmiNetb BM . Dept 23 
las Angeles CA 90049 


By Alan Cowell 

New York Tima Senior 

ROME — Two days before a meeting be- 
tween Pope John Paul II and Prime Minister 
Yitzhak Rabin of IsraeL the Vatican dispatched 
one of its most senior envoys to the Middle East 
on Tuesday to urge a resumption of peace 
efforts suspended since the Hebron massacre of 
Palestinians by a Jewish settler. 

The emissary, Monsignor Jean Louis Tauran, 
is to meet the Palestine Liberation Organiza- 
tion chairman, Yasser Arafat, at his headquar- 
ters in Tunis and, in a more surprising move, 
wfll also meet with (he Libyan leader. Colonel 
Moammar Gadhafi, in Tripoli 

Since the Vatican and Israel recognized each 
other on Dec. 30, the Vatican has sought to 
shore up relations with Arab states, and not just 
because of diplomatic niceties. 

The Pope plans to visit Lebanon in May, and 
there have been mounting worries about his 
safety since a bomb kflled 1 1 people in a Maro- 
nite Christian Church near Beirut on Feb. 27, 
two days after the Hebron slaughter. Vatican 
officials said the explosion had caused c on cer n . 


but that there was no intention so far to cancel 
the Pope’s visit. 

Monsignor Tauran is the Vatican official in 
charge of relations with other states. 

In a statement, the chief Vatican rookesman. 
Joaquin Navarro-Valls, said that the Vatican 
wanted to “reaffirm its profound conviction 
that the process of peace is an irreversible 
reality and that dialogue and willingness to 
negotiate is the only path toward peace found- 
ed on justice and fruitful co-existence among 
peoples.” 

Mr. Rabin will be on his way back home 
from Washington when he meets with the Pope, 
and the encounter was announced after the 
Hebron massacre brought peace efforts to an 
abrupt halL Vatican officials said the meeting 
had been arranged at short notice and was 
initiated by Mr. Rabin. 

The Pope has little direct influence in the 
Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip, 
where the number of Christians is only about 
40,000. 

Vatican officials, however, said the Pope 
sensed an opportunity lo use his moral author- 


ity on two fronts: whfle Moasignor Tauran 
pressed for a Palestinian return to peace negoti- 
ations, the Pope would also offer his broad 
backing for the Palestinian demand for greater 
protection in the occupied territories. 

“The Pope is not going to express any techni- 
calities,” said a Vatican offidaL The point is 
some sort of guaranies for these people." 

“We are in a position in which we can push a 
little bit (he Palestinians and also Israel as far as 
we can.” the official said. 

Following mutual recognition by Israel and 
the Vatican, the PLO has been pressing for 
some form or official diplomatic status at the 
Holy See. Officials said Monsignor Tauran 
would make clear this was not possible while 
the peace talks remained suspended. 

Officials said (hat in Libya, where (here is a 
small population of Catholics, the Vatican en- 
voy would also voice the Pope’s support for the 
peace effort and explain the thinking behind 
the Vatican’s new relationship with IsraeL 

The Vatican has no formal diplomatic ties 


. . . , - .. sway of leftist forces that would 

emerged as the oamtrys leading ^ frce ^ - m . 

political party. With an estimated _____ ri^. Mate's Intw involvement 


26 percent of the vote: 

Even though poll- takers say as 
many os one-third of the voters 


may not have made up their minds, 
all indications show that the right- 


crease the state's large involvement 
in the economy even further. 

But his critics say Mr. Berlus- 
coni’s real interests lay in rescuing 
his business empire, especially his 
lucrative television stations. The 


ist alliance linking Forza Italia with former Communists contend that 
the separatist Northern League and Mr. Berlusconi’s control over 45 


Since launching his movement, 
Mr. Berlusconi has parlayed 12,000 
fan clubs of his Milan soccer team 
into a formidable political network 
across the country. He recruited 
leading figures in business, enter- 
tainment and sports to his move- 
ment, provided they were free oU 
any previous political taint. , v 


■ i Hr 


the neo-fascist party in the south percent of the counoYs television 
will secure the largest bloc of seats viewers is intolerable and they have 
in parliament. J *-• - - ■ - 


vowed to strip him of at least one 


Mr. Berlusconi jumped into the station if they come to power. 


electoral fray only two months ago As (he campaign enters its final 


when the collapse of the traditional days, Mr. Berlusconi claims that 
ruling parties, the Christian Demo- his leftist opponents are pulling out 
crals and the Socialists, created a all stops to prevent him leading the 


crals and the Socialists, created a all stops to prevent him leading the 
void that appeared lo give a leftist next igovemmeni 
alliance lea by the former Cornmu- While Mr. Berlusconi has es- 
nists a clear shot at taking over the caped any charges of corruption, 
government for the first lime. his younger brother Paolo and sev- 

Mr. Berlusconi insists that mega- era! business associates have been 


with Libya and the Pope has in the past strong- 
ly urged Colonel Gadhafi to eschew terrorism. 


lomania has nothing to do with his served with arrest warrants on the 
nascent political career. He con- suspicion of duteous accounting 


tends that his campaign was solely procedures, including the issuance 
motivated by his desire to prevent of fake invoices. 


“We want people who are com- 
pletely free from the corruption 
that Italy has known for the past ■ 
four decades,” said Luigi Caligaris, 
a former general who has helped . 
mold the message of the move- 
ment’s 267 candidates. “The days 1 
of bribes and kickbacks and career 
politicians are over. We want peo- 
ple who are successful managers in 
real life to help save the country.” 

Yet Mr. Berlusconi himse lf owes ' 
much of his success to the system 1 
that he now wants to banish. 

His media empire was built in ■ 
the 1980s at a time when his dose ' 
friend, the Socialist leader Bettino 
Gram, was prime minister. 


UL'A? 







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Austria 

Belgium 

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Brazil 

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023-S03-0Q 
078-II-00-G 
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Germany" 0150-000 


Greece 

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freland 

Israel 


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1- 600 551-001 
177-150-2727 


Italy 

Kenya** 

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Netherlands 

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tteru 1 

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Portugal 


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rwb«i nuT>jrt* nl Cjvra diaifD firs! Wlwi di-ana nmai, n T I no « tor, «■ _____ ... . . m>|OrCKKS. 


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THE AMERICAS/ 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


Page 3 



s§§§^. Amid Political Fog, Health Plan Takes Shape 


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I 




P By David Broder 

2 nd Helen Dewar 

_ Washington P^t Senice 

■ i — Tike pilots circling 
, &i™ d ^r° n a ^ f °6Sy airstrip, ihl 

5 comuronuse on health care 
legislation they know is down there. 

It won t be the Clinton plan, and it won't 
he the RwuMican plan, and it won’t be my 
plan, said Representative Jim Cooper a 
Tennessee Democrat and a sponsor of one of 
tite major jdteraatives under consideration. 
Bui te said the lawmakers were closer “than 
we have been since Harry Truman’s Lime." 

President Truman's bid for national 
health care was thwarted by the American 
Medical Association and the loss of political 
leverage, partly as a result of scandals in the 
government. 

Last week, some of President Bill Oin- 
tra s allies on Capitol HiH worried that the 
Whitewater investigation was distracting 
him and his wife, Hillary Ro dham dintom 
from the full-scale offensive it will l a ke for 
the administration’s ambitious health care 
plan to prevail over heavily financed opposi- 
tion. 

. Bm 1 so far, the special counseTs inquiry 
into the Clintons’ financial activities seems 
only to have stiffened Congress's delermma- 
tion to press ahead on the president’s top 
legislative priority. Democratic leaders still 
say they can reach his goal of guaranteed 
insurance coverage for everyone, and some 
of them believe the basic architecture of the 
Clinton plan may survive. 

Serious policy problems have emerged, 
however, in House committees handling the 


Usue. White House officials insist they are 
not giving up on getting legislation out of the 
House, but attention has focused inc reasing , 
ly on the Senate as the arena where the 
compromise needed may be found. 

House Majority Leader Richard A. Gep- 
hardt, a Democrat from Missouri, said last 
week, *Tm still very optimistic we can pul it 
together on this side of the Capitol." 

But be noted that "the basic political sim- 

The distractions 
involving the Clintons 
seem only to have 
stiffened Congress’s 
determination to press 
ahead. 


ation is entirely different over in the Senate." 

“There are moderate Republicans there 

who are ready to play." he said “Over here, 
we have to find 218 votes among Democrats, 
because we can’t count on any Republican 
votes." 

Early sessions in the Health subcommittee 
of the House Ways and Means Committee 
underlined Mr. (rep hard t*s point The sub- 
committee chairman, Fortney H. (Pete) 
Stark, a California Democrat, started with 
his own variation cm the Clinton pi An; but at 
the end of last week, he was stifi searching for 
a formula that would attract the votes of all 
six Democrats on the panel. None of the five 


Republicans has given any indication of sup- 
porting the Stark plan. 

A similar drafting effort in the Health 
subcommittee of the House Energy and 
Commerce Committee was called off when it 
became dear that the subcommittee chair- 
man, Henry A. Waxman, Democrat of Cali- 
fornia, bad no prospect of reporting out 
anything close to the Clinton model. 

The committee chairman, John D. Din- 
ged Democrat of Michigan, is looking for a 
majority of votes in the full committee — so 
far without success. 

The third House committee — Education 
and Labor — is a more liberal panel that 
committee aides said could come dose to 
giving Mr. Clin urn what he asks. Bat even 
there, small businesses are asking the chair- 
man, William D. Fold, Democrat of Michi- 
gan, to seek ways to cushion the financial 
blow to employers who now offer minimal or 
no health coverage. 

The chairman of the Ways and Means 
Committee, Dan Rosumkowski, Democrat 
of Illinois, is expected to resume a gmilar 
c|uest if he gets past the primary on Tuesday 
in his Chicago congressional district 

All the chairmen seek variations on, or 
alternatives to, the features of Mr. Clinton’s 
proposal that have proved most controver- 
sial: the requirement that private insurance 
be provided for all the estimated 39 millio n 
nondderly people who lack coverage now, 
the insistence that employers pay 80 percent 
of insurance costs for their workers; the 
creation of regional health alliances (essen- 
tially purchasing cooperatives) to enforce 
new rules on quality and cost of health care 


plans; and federal regulations aimed at dras- 
tically reducing medical inflation. 

Congressional strategists say it is impor- 
tant that each of these issues be dealt with in 
the legislation coming from each committee 
— but not necessarily in identical fashion. If 
each of the "policy boxes" is filled with 
som e thi n g, the final package can be assem- 
bled from those parts. 

■ Public's Doubts Remain Strong 

Adam Cfymer of The New York Times 
reported: 

Six months after unveiling its plan, Mr. 
Clin ton's administration has made almost no 
progress in convincing Americans that its 
approach will solve their health care prob- 
lems, a New York Times PoD shows. 

Just as it did in September 1 993, the public 
overwhelmingly backs Mr. Clinton's goals of 
providing health insurance for aD and mak- 
ing sure it cannot be canceled 

But, just as it did then, the public fears 
that the Clinton plan would raise costs, and 
many also expect it to expand an already big 
bureaucracy and harm the quality of medical 
care. 

When asked what was America's biggest 
health-care problem, 44 percent volunteered 
cost-related answers about “exorbitant 
costs” or “hospital rip-offs.” That was more 
than any other group of answers, although 18 
percent named the need for coverage for afi. 

When people were asked what they liked 
best about the Clinton plan, only 2 percent 
said they believed it would save money. The 
poll, taken from Tuesday through Friday, 
had a margin of sampling error of plus or 
minus three percentage points. 


v%Jr 

'»JW*4V "0* *m 



Joe Mihoney/ThcAuteBCcdPreB 


Hillary Rodham Clinton speaking about the administration's health care plan in Boulder, Colorado. 


i i 


APOLITICAL NOTES A 


- i 


5 * ■ 



You Be the Judges Can They Fill the Cap? 

WASHINGTON — One important task for the new While House 
counsel, Lloyd N. Cutler, will be to make sure the Clinton adminis- 
tration picks up the pace on filling judicial vacancies. The adminis- 
tration, which began with a record 109 openings left from the Bush 
administration, has failed so far to cut the massive backlog A total 
of 110 of 846 federal judgeships are unfilled, according to the 
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts. 

So far, the Senate has confirmed only 43 judges named by 
President Bill Clinton. But administration officials say the pace of 
nominations is picking up — nine Clinton choices were confirmed 
last week — and dozens of candidates are going through final 
background checks. 

White House officials say Mr. Clinton's nominees are much more 
diverse in terms of race and gender than those of past administra- 
tions and more judicially qualified. In a recent ammo, the outgoing 
White House counsel Bernard W. Nussbanm, said, “The ABA has 
rated 63 percent of our judges ‘well qualified.’ Only abouL half of 
Bush and Reagan’s judges got this mark.” 

Ass uming that the American Bar Association, which has been 
reviewingjudirial nominations, and the Senate Judiciary Committee 
both move with some dispatch, it is possible the backlog could be 
almost halved by late fall- But Mr. Cutler may have to do some 
prodding if he wants to reach that goal (WP) 

Admiral Gets Southern Europe Command 

WASHINGTON — The White House has named Vice Admiral 
Leighton W, (Snuf fy) Smith Jr. as. NATO's unKtaiy commander in 
Southern Europe, a post with responsibility for dealing with the 
conflic t in the former Yugoslavia. He replaces Admiral Jeremy M. 
Boarda* who .-as expected was named to be the chief of naval 
operations.' the navy's top admiral. " 

Admiral Smith, 54, is the navy’s director of plans, policy and 
operations at the Pentagon. He was the director of operations for 
U.S. forces in Europe from 1989 to 1991. During that time, Admiral 
Smith oversaw operations that supported UJ3. air attacks into Iraq 
from bases in Turkey during the Gulf War, and provided relief 
. supplies to Kurdish refugees m Iraq after the war. (NYT) 

lt*s Pownto the Wire on Rortenfcowgkl 

* CHICAGO — The remnants of the once all-powerful Chicago 
. Democratic organization mobilized era Tuesday in a final effort to 

win the party primary for Representative Dan Rostenkowski, the 
, chairman of the House Ways and Means committee. The five-way 
contest was considered too dose to cafl. 

Mr. Rostenkowski who has served 35 years in Congress and 
, reigned over the influential Ways and Means committee since 1981, 
, would normally be a shoo-in, but his re-election chances are endan- 
gered by unresolved allegations that he misused public funds m the 

H Mn KmSw^Sor challenger, state Senator John Cufler- 
ton, predicted an anti-incumbent mood would carry him to an upset 

* victory. “People are ready for a change," he said. (LAT) 

Quote / Unquote 

Jane Karsakow, a Chicago billing dak, on the Rostenkowski 
race: “He’s not the only crook. He just got his hand caught in the 

*■ piftAffi sJcretary:'“I think that he’s been in 

' office too long and that we need someone fresh and new in there. I 
- think that all these allegations about him are true, and that it s about 

* time be got caught and that he’s going to have to face the music, 

basically.” {NIl) 


First Lady Hedges on Whitewater Losses 


By Dan Balz 

Washington Past Service 

DENVER — Hillary Rodham 
Clinton appeals to be backing 
away fromjircvious daims that she 
and Bill Clinton lost $69,000 on 
their investment in the Whitewater 
land development company, but 
insists they “lost -a bunch of mon- 
ey" and mnini»in< that they have 
consistently told the truth about 
the matter. 

On a visit to Colorado on Mon- 
day to promote the administra- 
tion's health-care reform plan, the 
first lady once again acknowledged 
that she had mishandled the issue. 

“I have tried to be as under- 


standing as I can about the con- 
cerns and questions of the press,” 
she said during a brief news confer- 
ence. “And rve admitted that I 
made mistakes in how I have per- 
ceived this and handled it.” 

But she asserted: “When this is 
over it’s going to be the same stoiy 
we've been telling for two years. 
We made a bad investment, we lost 
money and there's not a lot to add 
toiL" 

Asked whether she stood by a 
report prepared by the campaign in 
1992 that said she and the president 
lost $69,000 on Whitewater, she 
said: “We know we lost money and 
lost a bunch of money for us. we’re 
trying to get exact figures.” 


Mrs. Clinton added that “infor- 
mation we come across" would go 
to the special counsel. 

The first lady’s trip marked her 
first outing since White House 
aides were subpoenaed by a special 
counsel Robert B. Fiske Jr, and 
came amid growing questions 
about ber own role in the 
Whitewater development company 
and in her representation of the 
faded Madison Guaranty Savings 
& Loan, which was owned by the 
Clintons’ business partner. 

Throughout her visit, which in- 
cluded speeches at the University 
of Colorado in Boulder and to a 
health care reform conference, she 


was greeted by enthusiastic crowds. 

She predicted that the growing 
political warfare over Whitewater 
would not hamper the administra- 
tion's efforts to pass health care 
reform in Congress. 

“The overwhelming majority of 
Americans want health care reform 
and they want it now” she said. 

She said the resignation of her 
former law partner, Webster L. 
HubbeU, as the No. 3 official in the 
Justice Department would have no 
impact on that or other issues. But 
she added that she was “personally 
deeply saddened for Webb and his 
family” and said Mr. HubbeU 
would be “greatly missed” at the 
Justice Department 


Clinton ‘Not Angry, 
But I’m Determined’ 


Women’s Actimts 
Bold Judgment 
On Cancer Study 

Afar York Times Service 

NEW YORK — After the hews 
that some data from a key breast 
cancer study comparing surgical 
treatments were falsified, the prin- 
cipal researcher. Dr. Bernard Fish- 
er of the University of Pittsburgh, 
said that be had reanalyzed the 
data, excluding the falsified materi- 
al and that be found that his 
study’s conclusions remained valid. 

Other experts and women’s 
health activists say that until they 
are shown the new analysis, they 
have to reserve judgment. But even 
these skeptics are not at present 
advocating any change in the ad- 
vice now offered to women faring 
breast cancer surgery. 

The American Cancer Society 
and the National Cancer Institute, 
both of which helped fund Dr. 
Fisher’s study, said they supported 
his reaffirmation of its conclusions 
and w ere urging women to proceed 
as they would have before this de- 
velopment. 

The study, published in 1985, 
found that survival rates f or most 
women with breast cancer were the 
gamp if they have just the cancerous 
lump removed, followed by radia- 
tion treatments, or if they have the 
entire breast removed. 

The study involved more than 
5,000 doctors and 484 medical cen- 
ters. A federal investigation found 
that Hatfl provided by a Canadian 
researcher contained falsifications. 


Ex-Justice Official Says Resignation 
Was Forced by 'Private Issues’ Only 


The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — Webster L. 
HubbeU is insisting that his resig- 
nation as associate attorney general 
has nothing to do with the 
Whitewater affair that is dogring 
his longtime friends, BUI and mla- 
ry Rodham Clinton. 

Instead, Mr. HubbeU says, Ms 
position as the Justice Depart- 
ment: s No. 3 official was being un- 
dermined by controversy over “pri- 
vate issues” involving Ins previous 
work for the Rose Law Finn in 
Little Rock, Arkansas. 

“If it were just me alone, I would 
stand and take the blows from 
wherever they came," Mr. HubbeU 
said in a statement Monday. But be 
derided to resign, he said, because 
“I believe too much in this country, 
the president, the attorney general 


the Justice Department, my wife 
and family and my colleagues.” 

The tangled Whitewater affair, 
which has taken a political toll on 
the Clinton administration, was 
further complicated Tuesday with 
a newspaper report that Mrs. Clm- 
ton had worked with Mr. Hnbbdl 
on a case now under investigation. 

The Rose firm, where Mr. Hub- 
bell was a partner with Mrs. Gin- 
ton, is investigating allegations that 
Mr. HubbeD overbilled clients. 

Legal papers show Mrs. Clinton 
worked with Mr. HubbeU on the 
case in dispute, The New York Post 
reported Tuesday. The newspaper 
quoted legal documents as saying 
Mrs. Clinton, Mr. HubbeU and 
Amy Lee Stewart, another Rose 
attorney, represented a parting- 
meter company owned by Mr. 
HubbeU’s in-laws. 


The firm’s work regarding the 
failed Madison Guaranty Savings 
& Loan, whose owner James 
McDougal was a partner with the 
Clintons in Whitewater Develop- 
ment Carp., also has prompted of- 
ficial scrutiny. 

The House Republican whip, 
Newt Gingrich of Georgia, renew- 
ing a call for congressional hearings 
into the Whitewater affair, said he 
was disturbed that Attorney Gen- 
eral Janet Reno said Mr. HubbeD 
was leaving to tend to what she 
called “old, private disputes.” 

“Issues about whether the feder- 
al government was overbilled, is- 
sues about how the Rose Law Finn 
handled savings and loan legal af- 
fairs for the federal government, 
these kind of issues are not private 
matters,” Mr. Gingrich 


The Associated Press 

NASHUA, New Hi 
President BQ1 Clinton, after pum- 
melling Republican critics for prac- 
ticing the “politics of personal de- 
struction,” vowed Tuesday to keep 
his eye on priorities like health care 
despite attacks from “people wbo 
are giving me hell in Washington-'* 

Returning to the stale where in 
early 1992 he proclaimed Himself 
the “comeback kid,” Mr. Clinton 
told a town hall style meeting that 
he was putting into action many of 
the themes of that campaign. This 
time, Mr. Clinton is trying to make 
a political comeback that wfl] en- 
able Mm to get Ms domestic legisla- 
tion back on track. 

A woman in the audience told 
the president: '‘Whitewater is for 
canoeing and rafting. Shame on 
those who would detract and dis- 
tract from the important work 
you're doing with universal health 
coverage and jobs.” 

“Thank you," Mr. Clinton re- 
plied. “Bless you.” 

Asked by reporters Tuesday 
about his angty criticism of Repub- 
licans, Mr. Clinton said: “1 was not 
angry, but I'm determined. I want- 
ed to tdl those people bow I felt 
and Fm very happy Being here to- 
day. This is America." 

■ 'No! No! No! No! No!* 

Ruth Marcus of The Washington 
Post reported earlier from Boston : 

Mr. Clinton, speaking at a 
Sl,000-a-plate Democratic fund- 
raiser, assailed Ms Republican crit- 
ics as members of a party “commit- 
ted to a politics of personal 
destruction” who would “rather 
take off after" his wife, Hillary 


Rodham Clinton, than come up 
with a health plan of their own. 

The president started the speech 
on Monday night sounding sub- 
dued and almost depressed, but 
frustration and anger quickly 
flashed through- The country is fac- 
ing “profound problems” that “beg 
for debate,” he told the audience. 

“Why then, are we confronted in 
this adminis tration with an opposi- 
tion party that just stands up and 
says, ‘No! No! No! No! No! No! 
No! No! No!’ " Mr. Clinton asked, 
his voice rising and Ms fist pound- 
ing the lectern. 

Mr. Clinton said there had been 
some cooperation from Republi- 
cans on issues tike crime and for a 
while on health care. But he said: 
“This overriding, negative, intense- 
ly personal devoid-of-prinriple at- 
tack is not good for the country.” 

“When 1 was a Democratic gov- 
ernor and they had the White 
House I constantly sought them 
out, engaged them in debate, of- 
fered to work with them on issues 
from education to welfare reform 
to you name it," Mr. Clinton sad. 
“I never did them the way they are 
doing us in Washington, D.C.” 

Hie frustration that Mr. Clinton 
expressed was evident among his 
fellow Democrats here as weD. Sen- 
ator John F. Kerry of Massachu- 
setts, dedaring himself “amused” 
by the Republicans' choke of Sena- 
tor Alfonse M. D’ Amato of New 
York as their “spokesman on eth- 
ics," added. “I guess Bob Pack- 
wood was busy,” a reference to the 
Oregon Republican wbo finds him- 
self faring an ethics committee in- 
quiry into charges of sexually ha- 
rassing aides and others. 


U.S. Nod to Colombia 
Angers Regional Group 


AMERICAN 


TOPICS 


lifestrlesof Rich: Seldom Showy 
. Studying the lifestyles of the rich, tlK*gbnot 
necessarily famous, has given Thomas J. Stanley 
an intimate look at a wood of sensible cars and 
1 modest homes, The Associated Press reports. 

Mr. Stanley has spent 20 years mtevwwm^ nen 
Americans. His profile of the typicM mfhooam a 

■ qmte Merai & the bgwded figo« 

’ fancy cars and opulent dwellings who, Mr. Stanle y 
' says, focus more on spending money than acCTinu- 
latmg iL The truly wealthy don t go m for status 

tot 

frugal these oeoole are,*’ said Mr. Stanley, a finan- 
cial consultant and author of three jj 00 ^ 

^^thetypk^person^and^rf 

at least $1 million — there arelJ 
in the United States, according ix> ite 

Revenue Service — is a businessman who has lived 

Ms entire 

factory or chain of stores, is mamed andbwsma 
middle-class neigbborbood next to people who are 
not nearly as rich. . 

S TWediow^KiHn Tid&ns would do well to heed 

tbraepeo- 

ay conroames « SEJSVilliam F& 

they call these peopk up and offer to gel men 
- money back to 


A to do for American poetry what the 

Gideon society has done for the Bible — placing it 
in hotel rooms across the country — has been 
launched by Joseph Brodsky, the Russian- born 
1987 Nobel prize winner, and Andrew Carroll 24, 
a recent Columbia University graduate who was 
intrigued by Mr. Brodsky's declaration, as U.S. 
poet laureate in 1991-92, that poetry should be 
avail able “in evety room in every motel in the 
land." So far the still-growing Brodsky-Carroll 
project has raised several thousand dollars and 
placed various poetry anthologies in several thou- 
sand hold rooms. 


With front-end air bags becoming standard 
equipment on automobiles, side-impact air bags 
are bring developed. Head-on crashes account for 
half of all automobile accidents causing death or 
serious injury. Side-impact collisions rank second, 
accounting for one of every four deaths or injuries. 
Because of the distance the force of a collision 
must travel before it reaches the driver in a front- 
end collision, the air bag sensor has up to 18 

milliseconds to start inflating the air bag. In a side- 

impact crash, it must react within four millisec- 
onds. Engineers at TRW Inc. have developed a 
sensor that reacts in time and also dis crimin ates 
among different types of blows. It ignores, for 
example, a bicycle hitting the side of the car. 

The Writers Association was founded last year 
to “upgrade the status of waiters in America to a 
career level" according to Vivienne Wildes, co- 
founder. Thai involves promoting morale, improv- 
ing service and — on iM practical ade— provid- 
ing information about group health insurance. So 
far, about 1,000 waiters and waitresses wbo work 
everywhere from truck stops to fine restaurants 
have joined. “Chefs have a reputation,” Ms. 
Wildes noted, “but waiters are your first contact 
with the guest and (he last contact with your 
guest." 

Arthur Higbee 


By Steven Greenhouse 

New York Times Soviet 

WASHINGTON — Several 
Central American and Caribbean 
countries are angrily accusing the 
Clinton administration of favoring 
the big over the small because his 
backing the Colombian candidate, 
rather than Ms Costa Rican rival 
as the next secretary-general of the 
Organization of American Stales. 

Officials from Costa Rica, whose 
foreign minister. Bond Niehaus 
Qnesada, is running for the post, 
complain that the United States is 

S insensitive in favoring the 
date from a large country — 
President C&sar Gaviria Trujillo of 
Colombia — - when no one from 
Central America or the Caribbean 
has headed the OAS since it was 
founded in 1948. 

“The OAS shouldn’t be in the 
hands of just the big countries," 
said Luis Guardia, the Costa Rican 
representative to the OAS. He com- 
plained that “when the United 
States throws its weight behind a 
candi date that makes a big differ- 
ence." 

Some Costa Rican officials feel 
double-crossed, saying that Wash- 
ington had originally signaled it 
would back Mr. Niehaus, the can- 
didate endorsed by Central Ameri- 
ca and the Caribbean. 

Harriet C. Babbitt, the U.S. rep- 
resmtative to the OAS, denied the 
accusations, insisting that in back- 
ing Mr. Gaviria for a five-year term 
it was merely supporting the candi- 
date it thinks is best 
“We responded to Gaviria be- 


cause we think he is a very strong 
candidate,” Ms. Babbitt said. “He 
has been very forward-looking in 
budding democratic institutions in 
a country where it was sometimes 
dangerous to do so. He's been very 
forward-looking on economic re- 
form in Colombia and on economic 


Away From Politics 

• In California's biggest environmental se tt l e me nt . 
Southern Pacific and three other companies have 
agreed to pay a total of $40 million in compensa- 
tion for a 1991 train derailment that poisoned 42 
miles of the upper Sacramento River. None of the 
companies admitted any wrongdoing in the mas- 
sive spill of a herbicide that IriDcd virtually all 
aquatic life downstream. 

• Fire in a central Los Angeles budding housing a 
switching center disrupted telephone phone senice 
to large parts of the city. The blaze also knocked 


out long distance service to some areas, Pacific Bed 
officials said. Two people were hospitalized for 
treatment of smoke inhalation. 

• An Alabama high school principal has been sus- 
pended pending an investigation after students 
asserted that he had tried to ban interracial dates 
at their prom in the town of Wedowee and told a 
mixed-race student that she was a “mistake." 

• A' dismissed electronics facttxy worker went on a 

shooting rampage at his former place of employ- 
ment in Santa Fe Springs, California, IriTKng three 
former co-workers and wounding two before tak- 
ing his Own life. /nr. LAT, Reuters, AP 


integration in the hemisphere.' 

It looked as if Mr. Niehaus 
would win easily until Mr. Gaviria 
entered the race last month, evi- 
dently looking for a job when he 
sums down as president in August. 

Larry Birns, director of the 
Counci on Hemispheric Affairs, a 
Washington research group, said 
the U.S. embrace of Mr. Gaviria 
has created bad blood. 

“The U.S. has created few 
friends bat an enormous number of 
enemies in how it has handled 
this,” be said. “If anything, Costa 
Rica is in better shape than Colom- 
bia in terms of economic reform 
and human rights ” 

Costa Rican officials say that 
Mr. Niehaus has the votes to win 
the election, which will take place 
on March 27 in Washington. Sever- 
al OAS officials suggested that the 
Costa Rican delegation was exag- 
gerating Mr. Niehaus’s support. 


Agence France-Presse 

MONTREAL— About 165,000 
electrical customers were left with- 
out power for several hours when a 
bomb destroyed a pylon south of 
Montreal the state-owned utility 
Hydro-Quebec said. 


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ZUG/SWITZERLAND. 

Also offering full administration 
services at low cost. 
Discretion and serfosfty assured. 

For full detaib contact 
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SWITZERLAND 





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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


Page 5 


Mandela Receives 
A Hero’s Welcome 
> I 11 Bophuthatswana 


Washington Past Service 
.MMABATHO, Sooth Africa — 
?He African National Congress 
Preadeat, Nelson Mandela, re- 
“wed a hero’s welcome as the lib- 
erator of Bophuthatswana on Tues- 
day m a stadium here that is a 

monument to the fdly of the home- 

lana government — and the apart- 
heid system — that his movement 
overthrew. 

“My mere presence here is proof 
that there is now free political ac- 
tivity in Bophuthatswana," Mr. 
Mandela told a jubilant crowd of 
about 35,000 — the largest gather- 
mg ever in a postmodern stadium 
that dominates the tiny skyline of 
uus homeland capital. 

His visit capped a dramatic week 
that saw the overthrow of Bophuth- 
atswana's president, Lucas Man. 
“ipe, in a popular uprising sparked 
' the homeland leader's refusal to 
low his 2^ milli on citizens to take 
part m South Africa’s first demo- 
cratic election next month. 

“We always knew this day would 
come,” said Thenjiwe Sindani, a 
teacher, as she danced on the soccer 
field while Mr. Mandela did a 
raiscd-flst victory lap around the 
stadium. “At least we could inter- 
pret reality. Mangope was a despot 
who had his heart in the douds. He 
hpd no idea what was ha ppening 
beneath his feet.” 

[ Bophuthatswana was created 17 
jyears ago by apartheid engineers 
whose grand design was to make 
South Africa's rural blades dozens 
of foreign lands or tribaDy based 
homelands, but no longer of South 
Africa. About 56 percent of South 
Africa’s blades live in the homo- 
lands, all of which win disappear 
with next month’s election. 
■Independence Stadium is a 
shrine to the pomposity of Mr. 
Mangope, a stem, canny former 
school principal who is the only 
president the homeland ever had. 

It seats 60,000, looks Eke a jag- 
gfcd roller-coaster and has never 
come remotely dose to being filled, 
despite Mr. Mangope’s offerings of 
food for those willing to attend his 
annual Independence Day celebra- 
tion. Its only sporting use has been 
for a soccer dub run by Mr. Man- 
gope’s son. 

’ And its only prior brush with 
history came m 1988, when Mr. 
Mangope used it to detain muti- 


nous soldiers of the Bophuthats- 
wana Defense Force. Their short- 
lived coup attempt had been put 
down not by Mr. Mangope but by 
the intervention of the South Afri- 
can Defense Forces. 

When protest-related looting 
and civil disorder broke out in 
Mmabatho last week, South Afri- 
can troops once again poured 
across the “border." But Uus time, 
it was to depose Mr. Mangope, and 
by implication to dispose with the 
fiction that the place be had led for 
17 yean was a country. 

The rally for Mr. Mandela on 
Tuesday had as electric quality, in 
part because the people of Bo* 
phuthatswana are among the few 
South Africans who suddenly feel 
free. In a world where revolutions 
seem to start and finish in days or 
weeks, this transition has been a 
strictly s low-motion affair for most 
of the rest of South Africa. 

But carefully negotiated transi- 
tional arrangements paid off Iasi 
week in Bophuthatswana, too. 
When things came to a boil, the 
crisis was managed jointly by the 
South African government and by 
an interim body that had been set 
up for precisely such emergencies. 

The Transitional Executive 
Council fust sent in the South Afri- 
can Defense Forces, then deposed 
Mr. Mangope, then set up an inter- 
im government that will rule in 
Bophuthatswana until the election. 
South African troops, who for 
years were the hated enemy of the 
liberation struggle, now get kisses 
blown at them when they patrol the 
streets, thanks to the sodden legiti- 
macy conferred by the African Na- 
tional Congress. 

Mr. Mandela observed that the 
rich with which the council 
brongjht down Mr. Mangope 
should serve as a warning to other 
“toy tyrants” in the country, an 
apparent reference to the KwaZulu 
chief minister, Mangosuthu Buthe- 
lezi, whose Inituflui Freedom Party 
is boycotting elections set for April 
26-28- 

Of Mr. Mangope’s claims that he 
should still be considered the legiti- 
mate president of Bophuthats- 
wana, Mr. Mandela had contempt. 

“He is a president without a 
country, without a government, 
and without a people,” Mr. Man- 
dela said. 

—PAUL TAYLOR 


■ Old Apartheid Hag Gas the Boot 

• The Associated Press 

; PRETORIA —South Africa’s transitional authority approved on 
- Tuesday a sjx-co]ar flag to replace the one associated with apartheid. 

? The flag, chosen from 7,000 suggestions, was presorted to ap- 
tplause at a meeting m Pretoria. It comprises a geometric pattern m 
'red, white, green, blue, black and ydlow. 

‘ The multiparty Transitional Executive Council also accepted 
“Nkosi Sflcdeli Afrika" (“God Bless Africa”) as one of two interim 
national anthems. . __ , 

The song is sung at rallies by black liberation groups. The other 

■ anthem wSbethe current one. “Die Stem" (“The Voice”). 


HOMELAND: Bight ' Betrayed ’ 


Continued from Page 1 

for several minutes, and then were 
shot dead by a Bophuthatswana 
policeman. 

!The Afrikaans newspaper Die 
Bedd editorialized that it hoped 
the Bophuthatswana incident end- 
ed the era of white armed interven- 
tion into black affairs. But it also 
appears to have aroused division 
and recrimination among Afrika- 
ners, whites of mostly Dutch de- 
scent who settled here in the 1 7th 
century. 

Mr. Terre’Blandbe excoriated a 
fellow rightist, Constand Vi^oen, 


framer head of the South African 
Defense Forces, who mobilized his 
own commandos to defend Bo- 
phnthatswana. He said General 
Vftjoen is now “on the pay list of 
Nelson Mandela” and playing 
into the of the Commu- 

nists.” 

General Viljoen said that the 
dangers of working with Mr. 
Tcrre'Blandie had become dear to 
him in Bophuthatswana and he for- 
mally spht from an alliance with 
him ana launched a parliamentary 
bid for the elections, pledging to 
struggle peacefully for a separate 
nation for Afrikaners. 


CULT: 2 Spains Meet at El Escorial 

volved, but he cheerfully recounted 
other measures taken. 

Last year, it removed a generator 
used for broadcasting Mrs. Cue- 
vas’s message. It harmed parting 
off the road, cleared away a market 
of rehgj ous-memen to peddlers, and 
dried up a fountain near the aril 
tree that the pilgrims believed pro- 
duced holy water and the town hail 
said was polluted. 

This year, the town hah ordered 
the removal of a wooden chapel 
with the Virgin's image that had sal 
on the trunk of the ash tree for 12 

years. It was replaced and removed 
again Now, 10 Httlc chapets sit in 
the municipal warehouse. 

Work on installing a fence began 
last weekend. . 

But the pilgrims keep coming. 
“What convinces me is the piety of 
people here,” said Jacques Grilo, 
who came with a grow of faithful 
from Bayonne, in southern France. 

Others eagerly told of their own 
experiences of visions, cures, and 
conversions. Thai it was time for 
the Virgin’s message. “My daugh- 
ter, mortals wish to use a temporal 
power a gains t tins aril tree,” die 
voice warned. 

In the town hall, Mr. Hexranz 
remained unimpressed. “You’d 
think the Virgin had more b 
taut thin gs to wony about 

this," he said. 


timed from Page I 
by General Franco to 
died fig hting commu- 
itheism. Yet today the 
hi tan is of El Escorial 

rgueUo, who heads the 
>nal Association of 
Prado Nuevo, naturally 
left fra: the cult’s trou- 

1 years, we praywl there 

jjoblem," be said- “Bui 
decided to finish with 
he’d do anything to stop 
from becoming another 
Lourdes." 

though, the Virgen dfi 
5 foundation was well 
operating two old mo- 
5 in El Escorial and a 
or young lay women 
os. With more than 
Igrims visiting Prado 
rf year, Mrs. Cuevas’s 
ached beyond Spain, 
he CathoKc Church dis- 
iriests and nuns from 
e and urged -Mrs. Cuc- 

uppear in person at the 

'etfas the conflict has 
t has shown more sym- 
t December, Carta! 
ia, whose arcbdiocete 
deludes H Escoml. 
to the foundation s cna- 
edebrate mass, 
town haH though^ the 
less to do with religious 
an with mundane preqv 
At least this is how it 
: case. And since it is 

mer of Prado Nuev^rt 

m the lOCMbectare (250- 
nto a park — without a 
aved for pilgrims- 

sign of trouble came m 

Mwhen “unknown per- 

to set fire to the ash 
go Herranz, ihe^ mumQ - 
ior in charge of recrea- 
i the town hall was in- 


Constitutional Revision 
Is Approved in Belarus 

Reuters 

MINSK, Belarus — The Belarus 
legislature replaced the cram ay’s 
Soviet-era constitution on Tuesday 
with a new version that puts an 
elected president at the head of the 
Slav nati on of 10 mQEon. 

A presidential election is widely 
expected by late June. 



RdnJuK) Kwc/Rnam 


BERLIN WELCOME— At the Brandenburg Gate, Mayor Eberhard Diepgen, right, standing 
Tuesday with Queen Margretite II and Prince Henrik of Denmark, on a visit to Germany. 


Clinton Extends Moratorium 
On Nuclear Tests Until 1995 


Complied t? Our Staff From Dapauhes 

NASHUA New Hampshire — President Bill Gin- 
ton has notified Congress that he is extending the U.S. 
moratorium on nuclear testing for a further year to 
September 1995. administration officials said 
Tuesday. 

Dee Dee Myers, the White House press secretary, 
said the decision was based tu pan on the restraint 
other nuclear powers had shown in not resuming 
testing despite a nuclear test by China last October. 

She was speaking to reporters traveling with the 
president in this New Hampshire town. 

Ms. Myers also credited progress in comprehensive 
lest ban talks since they opened Jan. 25 in Geneva and 
the “adverse implications further U.S. nuclear tests 
would have on our broader nonproliferation 
objectives." 

In particular, she mentioned the goal of “securing 
the indefinite extension of the Nuclear Nonprolifera- 
tion Treaiv next year." 


She said Mr. Clinton had informed Congress Mon- 
day of the extension and would decide next year 
whether to extend die moratorium beyond September 
1995. 

In July 1993. Mr. Clinton extended the moratorium 
on underground nuclear testing to September 1994 but 
said it might not hold if another country conducted a 
test- China's test last October prompted the United 
States to take another look at the issue, but it decided 
against resuming tests at this time. 

Mr. Clinton has been under pressure from the 
Pentagon to resume testing, with the military arguing 
this is the only way to make sure safety improvements 
in (he weapons work. 

Congress has required the administration to notify 
it each March on whether it intends to extend the test 
ban moratorium. The negotiations for an international 
test ban are currently under way in Geneva. 

(Reuters, AP) 


KOREA: North Inhibited Inspectors in Crucial Area 


Coatinned from Page 1 


mg to become the fust country to 
pull ont of the Nuclear Nonprolif- 
eration Treaty. 

A year later, there have still been 
□o inspections of the two waste 
dumps, which U.S. officials have 
detected by satellite. 

■ Pyongyang Issues Threat 

North Korea threatened Tues- 
day to halt international inspec- 
tions of its nuclear plants again and 


to boycott a third round of high- 
level talks with the United States, 
saying Washington was not carry- 
ing out its part of their agreement. 
The Associated Press reported 
from Tokyo. 

North Korea said Tuesday that it 
had fulfilled its pan of the agree- 
ment with Washington by accept- 
ing the inspection and resuming 
talks with South Korea on ex- 
changing envoys. A statement by 
an unnamed Foreign Ministry 
spokesman said the United States 


was acting unreasonably by i 
the inspection unsatisfactoiy 
insisting that the Korean envoys 
had to be exchanged before it 
would call off the “Team Spirit" 
military exercises and pro ce ed with 
the Geneva talks. 

“If the United States finally re- 
fuses to fulfill its obligations." the 
spokesman said, “we, too, will be 
unable to ensure further still the 
continuity of safeguards of the In- 
ternational Atomic Energy Agen- 
cy." 


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Page 6 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


** 


KOHL: Chancellor Keeps Smiling 


Continued from Page 1 

to understand what hap- 
under National Socialism 
U loo young to be blamed for it, 
as explaining to the younger ones 
bow it was, bearing witness to the 
good things their parents' genera- 
tion did as well as the bad — not 
denying the past at alL" 

Mir. Kohl has also shaped his 
foreign policy around German 
public opinion. 

It was reticent in the war in the 
Gulf, where German soldiers 
stayed ont of the fighting on the 
grounds that the 1949 constitution 
allowed only defense of their own 
country’s territory. 

But his policy became more as- 
sertive as Yugoslavia began to 
break up. 

The German foreign minister at 
the time, Hans- Dietrich Genscher, 
insisted on recognizing Croatia and 
Slovenia even though some of his 
European Union partners feared 
that recognition could spark 
bloody fighting in neighboring 
Bosnia. 

Mr. Kohl, mindful of strong 
German support for Croatia, went 
along with Mr. Genscher. 

But with the public horrified by 
two years of bloody fighting in Bos- 
nia and with Germany over- 
whelmed by refugees, Mr. Kohl has 
backed the peace efforts of his al- 
lies. 

A grave international crisis be- 
fore October would probably help 
Mr. Kohl to use his international 
experience against his Social Dem- 
ocratic challenger, Rudolf Sharp- 
ing, one of his successors as pre- 
mier of the slate of Rhineland- 

Palatinate. 

Mr. Scbarping, anxious to bol- 
ster his own s tanding abroad, will 
make a trip to New York and 
Washington next month and will 
be received by Mr. Clinton in the 
White House on April 1Z Ameri- 
can diplomats said 


But domestic economic prob- 
lems have cost the chancellor the 
considerable support he had in 
Eastern Germany in the last elec- 
tion. 

And in the west, people like for- 
mer Chancellor Helmut Schmidt 
have asked why Mr. Kohl did not 
make a “blood, sweat, and tears" 
speech on reunification day in 1990 
to warn them that unification 
would require both sacrifice and 
time. 

If the next election were held 
now, recent public opinion polls 
indicate, the center-right Christian 
Democrats would win only 32 to 35 
percent of the vote, compared with 
37 to 41 percent for the Social 
Democrats. 

With little prospect of economic 
recovery in sight, Mr. Kohl began 
telling voters last fall that the prob- 
lem was not the S 1 OO-billion-a-year 
cost of unif ying the country, but 
wage and welfare benefits (hat had 
swollen to such generous levels that 
German products were unable to 
compete on world markets. 

Mr. Kohl says he believes that 
Lhe severe recession scared his com- 
patriots out of complacency. 

“When I talk to them at rallies, 
they don't drown me out with jeens, 
they listen to me and applaud after- 
ward," he said. 

“The Germans will make an eco- 
nomic comeback — don't you wor- 
ry about that." 

Mr. Kohl has his eye on grand 
visions, though. 

“When I go home I visit Mainz, 
Worms, Speyer — all cities that 
have been repeatedly fought over 
and destroyed in wars," he de- 
clared. 

“We’re not going to bu Ud Eu- 
rope in a day, but, at the end of this 
century, 1 expect to live to see the 
realization of Adenauer’s vision of 
German unification and European 
unity as two sides of the same 
coin." 


This Particle Sleuth Might Turn Up a Nobel Prize 


Editor's note: We are reprinting this arti- 
cle because technical problems — garbled 
paragraphs and lines — made it incompre- 
hensible what it appeared in Monday's edi- 
tions. 

By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 

GENEVA — Using the world's most 
massive scientific instrument, Daniel Froi- 
devaux plans to stalk the lop quark, sparti- 
des (the universe may be largely made of 
them), the Higgs boson and other mem- 
bers of the strange bestiary of particles 
that abounded when the universe was a 
blink old. 

Mr. Froidevaux, 39, is a key member of 
the team building the massive Atlas parti- 
cle detector at the European Laboratory 
for Particle Physics in Geneva. When com- 

E leled, eight to 10 years from now, it will 
e used to probe the universe that existed a 
few billionths of a second after what most 
scientists believe was the creative Big 
Bang. 

Searching for elements made in a parti- 
cle collider and observing bow they behave 
may help answer some of the deepest ques- 
tions known to philosophy and science: 
Why does the universe consist of some- 
thing rather than no thing ? What makes 
particles, atoms and molecules cling to- 
gether and create the objects of the famil- 
iar world? How do objects attract other 
objects at a distance — nuclei electrons; 
stars, planets? 

The' Swiss-born Mr. Froidevaux is a 
senior experimental physicist at the 19- 
nation laborato ry, w hich is known by its 
French initials, CERN. He can expect to 
spend the rest of his career on preparing 
the detector and then carrying out the 
experiments that will prove or disprove 
many of the exotic concepts floating 
around in contemporary theoretical phys- 
ics. 

Success could earn him and his col- 
leagues a place in the history of science, 
perhaps a Nobel Prize. Detecting the 
Higgs boson, for example, “would be one 
of the most important breakthroughs in 


the history of physics," according to the 
magazine Scientific American. 

But experimental science is a step into 
the unknown, and Mr. Froidevaux is 
aware that the search may prove fruitless. 
"Sometimes you give 10 years of your life 
to a project, and nothing new is found," he 
says. “You do some nice physics, but yon 
don't find that little spark that really moti- 
vates people." 

The Higgs boson — a boson is a particle 
that conveys a force — is a key missing 
link in the Standard Model by which 
physicists attempt to describe all subatom- 
ic particles and the interactions among 
them “It is necessary feu the mathemati- 
cal consistency of the Standard Model 
and, in that sense, it is a pretty firm predic- 
tion,” says the man who Gist postulated its 
existence, Peter Higgs, a British theoreti- 
cian. 

The Higgs boson is thought to account 
for a hypothetical field or force that gives 
particles their mass: a kind of cosmic glue 
that holds everything together. “If the 
Higgs boson is found m the year 2005, one 
can surely imagine that people in 2050 will 
look back and see it as one of the mile- 
stones in the advance of knowledge," Mr. 
Froidevaux says. 

The decision by the United States last 
year to abandon its SI 1 billion Supercon- 
ducting Super Collider in Texas makes it 
highly likely that the Higgs boson, if it 
exists, win be detected first at CERKs 
campus-like ate on ibe Swiss-French fron- 
tier. 

To probe closer to the beginnings of 
space and time, the European laboratory is 
planning to build a proton smasher known 
as the Luge Hadron Collider, of which the 
Atlas detector will be one of the key de- 
ments. 

Protons are heavy particles, packed with 
components known as quarks, that exist 
with neutrons at the heart of every atom. 
Five varieties or “flavors" of quark have 
been detected, but a hypothetical top 
quark still is needed to fill another gap in 
the Standard Model 

By using enough dectridty to power a 


small city, scientists will accelerate pro- 
rons almost to the speed of light and smash 
them together in the hope of creating in a 
microcosm the enormous energy that ex- 
isted a few billionths of a second after the 
Big Bang. 

Mr. Froidevaux compared the act of 
smashing protons to hurling watches to- 
gether and studying the debris to figure 
out how they work. The 6,000-ton, six- 
story-high Atlas detector will observe the 
ghostly echoes of the collisions as some 40 
million protons fly apart each second, 
scattering quarks and other dements. 
These may include mysterious supersym- 
metric particles, or spartides, that some 
scientists believe may make up the hidden 
“dark matter" that forms more than 90 
percent of the universe. 

Each year, Mr. Froidevaux said, there 
will be perhaps one million billion colli- 
sions, of which only a few hundred will be 
potentially interesting enough to require 
further study. As though they were sifting 
specks of gold from a sandy beach, com- 
puters will select the most significant colli- 
sions, or “events," as they occur and store 
the data for analysis. 

With more than 1,000 people working 
on the detector, Mr. Froidevaux views the 
project as a “dinosaur” that keeps him late 
at his desk and involves him in endless 
meetings. 

He escapes by reading science fiction 
novels, which be brings back by the box 
from the United States whenever he visits 
his brother near Los Angeles. He also 
enjoys going to the theater, skiing and 
listening to music (he studied the violin for 
ii years, but plays it no longer). 

In addition, he usually finds time to 
read the French sports newspaper PE- 
quipe, which his companion, Sylvie, also a 
physicist, “ thinks is a vice of some sort." 
Mr. Froidevaux is interested particularly 
in skiing but follows most sports, possibly 
because of his education in the United 
States and England in addition to France. 
The son of a Greek mother and Swiss 
father, he went to school in Oxford and in 
Berkeley, California, where his father was 


a research student, before the family set- 
tled near Paris in 1964. 

A relaxed and informal man who resem- 
bles a graduate student more than a senior 
scientist, Mr. Froidevaux came to his field 
through the prestigious Ecole Polytechni- 

S ue in Paris and advanced studies in nu- 
ear and particle physics. 

Despite the deep philosophical ques- 
tions raised by his work, he has tittle 
patience for the excessively abstract. He 
decided early in his career to become an 
experimental scientist, a tinkerer on a 
monumental scale. 

Physics thrives on competition between 
theory and experimental observation. Ex- 
perimenters luce Mr. Froidevaux are al- 
ways hoping to “find something that the 
theorists have not foreseen." 

“It would be nice to catch them off 
guard and give them some work to do," be 
said, turning from a display erf equations 
on a computer display, which he was dis- 
cussing with a colleague from Moscow in 
R ussian, one of the seven languages he 
speaks. 

The proton collider will use many exist- 
ing facilities, including a 27-kilometer run- 
nel under the Jura mountains, the site of 
another collider. This will enable the Euro- 
peans to keep the cost of the new instiu- . 
meat to an estimated 23 billion Swiss 
Francs ($1.7 billion), according to CERN. 
In a time of economic recession, some ask 
if it is reasonable to spend such a sum on 
the quest for purely abstract knowledge. 

Mr. Froidevaux thinks the money is wdl 
spent, believing that men can improve the 
world by improving their understanding 
of iL 

“There is a deep belief among most 
physicists that ‘useless’ research is in fact 
very useful, maybe in the very longterm," 
he says. “Maybe there will never be any 
practical applications for some of what we 
do here, but it is also true that a lot erf 
practical everyday things we have in life 
nowadays come originally from pure re- 
search." 


CLINTON: ‘Friends of HUP and ‘ Friends of Hillary’ Fall Victim to Intimacy of the Inner Circle 


Continued from Page 1 

missal of White House travel office 
employees. 

m July, Vincent Foster Jr., the 
deputy White House counsel who 
ban been Mrs. Oin ton’s law part- 
ner in Little Rock, Arkansas, com- 
mitted suicide. 

Earlier this month, Bernard W. 
Nussbaum, the White House coun- 
sel and a dose friend of Mrs. Clin- 
ton, resigned amid criticism that he 
may have bem ethical standards to 
protect the Clintons on 
Whitewater. 

And finally, on Monday, Web- 
ster L. Hubbeil, another of Mrs. 
Clinton's partners in the Rose Law 
Firm who was being investigated 
by the firm for his billing and ex- 
pense practices, resigned as asso- 
ciate attorney general 

“Tins is a blow to the Clintons, 
particularly to Hillary," said a top 
administration official who is close 


to the couple. “Once again, it casts 
a bad light on their private lives in 
Little Rock. The seaminess of that 
place attaches itself to the Ctintons 
through HubbeU, somebody they 
brought with than, who acted as 
their eyes and ears at the Justice 

Department.” 

The departure of Mr. HubbeU, a 
burly down-home Arkansan, com- 
bined with the arrival of the Emi- 
nence grise of the Washington es- 
tablishment, Lloyd N. Cutler, as 
the new White House counsel has 
meaning far beyond most adminis- 
tration staff shake-ups. 

Mr. HubbeU, like Mr. Foster and 
Mr. Thomason, represented the Ar- 
kansas past and the political cul- 
ture that the Clintons took with 
them to Washington. Mr. Nuss- 
baum, too, had a link with the past 
He was Mis. Clinton's mentor 
when she was a young lawyer on 
the Watergate impeachment com- 
mittee and be was the New York 


lawyer who threw business her way 
when she was trying to be a rain- 
maker for the Rose Law Firm. 

This week, the first lady, already 
feding angry and defensive about 
questions about her role in the 
Whitewater matter, saw the legal 
pyramid she had put in place large- 
ly dismantled and her lieutenants 

< * 1 Instead^ bong surrounded by 
old mentors and law partners, Mrs. 
Clinton now has Mr. Cutler, whose 
vety presence is an implicit rebuke 
to the Clintons that they had nei- 
ther the experience nor wisdom to 
operate in Washington with their 
own set of old friends. 

When the Senate finan ce com- 
mittee chairman, Daniel Patrick 
Moynihan of New York, said in a 
broadcast interview before Mr. 
Cutler's appointment that Mr. 
Nussbaum’s successor should be 
“someone who is not a friend of 
anybody working there now, but is 


a friend of the institution of the 
presidency." his remark was taken 
as a caution to the first couple that 
they should stop running the White 
House with a small group of 
friends. 

Both Clintons found Mr. Hnb- 
belTs departure emotionally pain- 
ful their aides said. Yet their rela- 
tionship with their friends is now so 
convoluted that White House offi- 
cials put out word that Mr. HubbeU 
did not even consult the Ctintons as 
be agonized over whether to go or 
stay, only sending messages 
through Mickey Kan tor, an estab- 
lishment lawyer who is now the 
U.S. trade representative. 

Increasingly, there is a sense in 
Washington that the Arkansas po- 
litical culture does not work in the 
White House, especially when it is 
combined with the combative cam- 
paign culture that produced many 
of the younger breed of Clinton 
aides. 


The Little Rock culture was 
rooted in an informal way of doing 
business, in which behind-the- 
scenes relationships played at least 
as large a role as the evident formal 
structureof power. The 1992 presi- 
dential campaign taught the Clin- 
tons that a combative, tightly com- 
partmentalized operation could 
triumph over a messy past and an 
inqmative press. 

In Washington, the Clintons 
drew on the lessons of both Arkan- 
sas politics and their campaign suc- 
cesses to build a government based, 
as a former Clinton official put it, 
on “concentric circles” of knowl- 
edge and influence. “Think of a 
circle in the middle with just the 
two of them. Bill and Hillary the 
former official said. 

“Bruce Lindsey is in the next 


closest ring," he said, referring to 
the president’s longtime friend and 
counselor from Arkans as. “Then in 
the next ring are Webb HubbeU 
and Mack McLarty. Then, there’s a 
big gap before yon get to David 
Gergen and George Stephanopoo- 
los. And then a very large gap be- 
fore you get to anybody else.” 

Clinton advisers acknowledge 
their problems in fitting into the 
capital culture, but they blame it 
partly on what they see as prejudice 
against outsiders. 

“Any institution, and yon can 
call political Washington an insti- 
tution, is always going to act in its 
own interests and be suspicious of 
outsiders," said Paul Begala, a 
Clinton political adviser. “I think 
there is a great deal of prq'udice 
showing hoe from, let us say, the 
sort of people who refer to Wash- 
ington as this town.’ " 

“If the Arkansas Razorbacks 


lose in the NCAA," he said, refer- 
ring to the upcoming college bas- 
ketball tournament, “people here 
are going to find a way to blame it 
on the first lady." 

The danger that the Clintons 
face right now. say many inside and 
outride the administration, is that 
they are at a tipping point, of the 
sort that damag ed the Carter ad- 
ministration. 

What once seemed fresh now 
seems simply unsophisticated; 
where the Clintons and their young 
team used to seem brainy, now they 
just seem inexperienced and stum- 
bling. Where the Ar kansans once 
won praise for their outside-the- 
Bcltway populism, they now are 
censured for the very sort of crony- 
ism and elitism that they criticized 
in the Bush administration. 

Republicans are happy to capi- 
talize on the new conventional wis- 
dom. 


U.S. Trip 
Called Off 
By Ozawa, 

Trade Talk Role 
Debated in Japa/l 

By T. R. Reid 

Washington Pan Sendee 

TOKYO — Ichiro Ozawa, the 
pragmatic politician who had 
emerged as a man the United States 
could talk to in trade negotiations, 
has been forced to call off a trip to 
Washington next week because of 
tension within Japan's governing 
coalition, according to press re- 
ports here. 

Mr. Ozawa, a top strategist for 
the coalition government, played 
an important role last week in 
working out a new agreement to 
improve U.S. access to Japan's cel- 
lular telephone market. Although 
he bolds no formal post in trade a 
telecommunications, be negotiated 
directly with Ambassador Walter 
F. Mondale on the agreement 

American officials said they 
found Mr. Ozawa a practical and 
straightforward negotiator, and 
they hoped be would continue to be 
involved in resolving U.S.-Japan 
trade disputes. 

But Mr. Ozawa's involvement in 
the talks angered some senior 
members erf Prime Minister Mori- 
hiro Hosokawa’s coalition govern- 
ment Hie government is a some- 
times unruly amalg am of seven 
different political parties, laced 

with policy disagreements and peg: 
sonol feuds. Mr. Ozawa is a skfflfifr 
and well-connected politician, but 
he sparks distrust and resentment 
among some of his coalition peers. 

At the height of the telephone 
negotiations last week, an influen- 
tial cabinet member called Mr. 
Mondale to tell him not to deal 
with Mr. Ozawa any more. 

Next, members of Mr. Ho- 
sokawa’s cabinet began complain- 
ing about Mr. Ozawa's plan to visit 
Washington. The stated purpose of 
the trip was a speaking engage- 
ment, but Mr. Ozawa ana the U.S. 
government had expected to en- 
gage in further negotiations on 
trade disputes. 

With the political heat increasing 
at home, Mr. Ozawa announced 
Tuesday that he would put off the 
U3. trip. 

Mr. Ozawa has been more will- 
ing than other Japanese officials to 
accept some form of numerical tar- 
gets on trade, as sought by the 
Clinton administration. If he is 
now out of the picture for trade 
negotiations, the Americans will 
have to look for another Japanese 
leader as wining to make deals on 
trade disputes. 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


Page 7 



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Justice has prevailed! 

With a unanimous decision in 
theAMD®80C287 v microcode case, 
a federal court jury has confirmed 
AMD's right to sell microchips con- 
taining Intel microcode. AMD will 
continue to supply Am386®and 
Am486" microprocessors without 
interruption. That is good for us, 
good for the industry, and good for 
you. In that spirit, we call upon 
Intel to end the legal harassment of 
AMD in the courtroom and recog- 
nize the value of fair competition. 

After all, AMD has provided 
innovation and aggressive compe- 
tition to the microprocessor market 
place over the past 12 years and 
through the four generations of 
microprocessors from the Am 8086 
to the Am486. 

We are committed to providing 


innovation and better value within 
the Microsoft 8 Windows- compatible 
standard. Our high-performance and 
low-voltage microprocessors have 
earned us numerous awards, includ- 
ing PC Magazine's Technical Excellence 
Award and Byte Magazine’s Award 
of Distinction. 

It's all part of our strategy to 
deliver the microprocessors the 
market demands, and we've made 
good on that promise. In the past 
decade, we’ve shipped over 60 mil- 
lion X86 microprocessors— over 20 
million in the last two years alone. 

Innovations will continue. Our 
new K5 microprocessor, with a pro- 
prietary architecture, will be sampled 
by year-end. K5 is a high-performance 
fifth-generation Microsoft Windows- 
compatible microprocessor. 

It's a thrilling time for AMD. We 


are focused on winning in the market- 
place through tough competition, 
in novation, and differentiation. That’s 
the kind of attitude you'd expect 
from a company that had more than 
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sionals who are dedicated to success. 

Rest assured, AMD will continue 
its history of success and leadership 
into the 21st century. 



Advanced Micro Devices 


.Code Of Honor. 




, r A I fonnt mm aicm Advanced Micro Devices Inc. AMD 80C287 and Am486 are trademarks, and Am386, AMD and die AMD logo are registered trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices. 

0~ AMD ^ «l»b»nd or p^duct names are ndm* of ^respective holder 






Page 8 


i Heralb 


INTERNATIONAL 



rUBLLSHKD WITH THE NEW >ORK TIMES AND THK WASHINGTON POST 


A Clearer Focus on China 


If the Cl in Inn adminis tration finds it politi- 
cally impossible to cut off trade with China in 
the name of human rights, it should not make 
threats. Secretary of State Warren Christo- 
pher went to Beijing in the manner of a judge 
giving a defendant one last chance before 
finding him in contempt of court. Since the 
Chinese have remained adamant, he is now 
reduced to looking for silver linings, and find- 
ing examples of microscopic progress here 
and there, in anxious preparation for the 
backdown that now looks probable. 

The Clinton a dminis tration has been saying 
for nearly a year that if there is no significant 
improvement in the practice of human rights 
in China by June, China will lose the trade 
benefit known as most-favored-nation treat- 
ment for the goods it sells in America. Under 
most-favored status, imports from China en- 
ter under the lowest tariff that any other 
country gets. Without it, tariffs would shoot 
up to levels that would be prohibitive for 
many kinds of goods. American exporters to 
China have been drumming on the adminis- 
tration not to withdraw most-favored status, 
since the Chinese would certainly retaliate. 
But American trade with C hina is unusually 
lopsided. Last year China exported goods 
worth $31 J billion to the United States, while 
importing only $8.8 billion in American 
goods. America's uade deficit with China is 
second only to its deficit with Japan. 


While the United States complains endless- 
ly about the Japanese deficit, you have heard 
very little about the one with China. All of the 
United States’ relations with China are col- 
ored by an odd but powerful emotion that you 
could call commercial romanticism. It is an 
attitude smitten with the grandeur of China as 
well as the size of its markets, and it leads to 
a willingness to do business on China's own 
peculiar terms. While that S8.8 billion a year 
in exports is substantial, it is much less than 
the United States exports to. say, either 
South Korea or Taiwan. Oh, the romantics 
respond, but China is growing much faster. 
True. That makes the present moment a 
good one lo clarify the rules for that growing 
trade. If the United States insists on open 
markets in Japan, how about China? 

A less romantic argument Tor doing nothing 
points out that trade with the West promotes 
rapid economic growth, which in turn under- 
cuts the Co mmunis t regime. That is true, but 
the old regime will not necessarily be replaced 
by anything like democracy in the Western 
sense. Trade is a conduit for ideas, but build- 
ing influence is a slow process. 

After Mr. Christophers trip, the United 
States needs to consider carefully exactly what 
it wants to accomplish in its trade with China. 
First of all, it needs to stop talking about 
sanctions if it does not intend to impose them. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


inalize Extremists 


Israel's government, predictably, ran into a 
minefield of domestic criticism on Monday 
for outlawing two Jewish radical groups 
linked to terrorism. Not only settler groups 
but some members of the main opposition 
party, Likud, find it intolerable for an Israeli 
government to subject Jewish extremists to 
the same kind of restrictions that have long 
been employed against radical Palestinians. 

Generally, it is hard to justify restrictions on 

Minister Yittk^Rabin 
acted appropriately. The mosque massacre in 
Hebron on Feb. 25 and subsequent revelations 
that Israeli troops had standing orders to avoid 
deadly force against settler violence made it 
urgent for Israel to demonstrate greater even- 
handedness in security matters. 

Such eveohandedness, rather than deploy- 
ment of armed international observers or the 
other new concessions that the Palestine Liber- 
ation Organization has been demanding, is the 
right way to get the now suspended peace talks 
between Israel and the PLO back on track. 

Yasser Arafat, the PLO chairman, has 
seemed almost as eager as Israel to return to 
the negotiating table: But because he is al- 
ready under criticism for his high-handed 
leadership style, be has had no choice but to 
defer to Palestinian anger over the Hebron 
atrocity. Palestinians ask how they can go 
ahead with a peace plan which, at least for 
now, leaves intact militant Jewish settlements 


like the one from which Baruch Goldstein 
emerged to do his killing . 

But the Rabin government has a hard 
enough time selling the existing peace agree- 
ment without making any new unilateral con- 
cessions on the status of settlements or other 
new Palestinian demands, which include the 
deployment of an armed international force 
and immediate negotiations on Jerusalem. Is- 
rael must instead find convincing ways to 
assure Pales tinian security from settler vio- 
lence within the terms of the framework 
agreement signed last September. 

For example, Israel could, while allowing 
settlers to keep their arms within their own 
communities and while traveling on main 
roads, require that those weapons be surren- 
dered upon entry to predominantly Arab vil- 
lages and other sensitive areas. A variant of that 
approach is now being tried, with some success, 
in the area of Jerusalem's Western Wall. 

But even though Israel could usefully ex- 
pand its crackdown on militan t settlers, its 
decision to ban the two radical groups means 
that it has already taken some significant and 
politically difficult first steps. Palestinian 
leaders, who are now considering their re- 
sponse. should authorize an early return to the 
negotiating table so that interim Palestinian 
self-rule can begin without further delay. That 
would be by far the most important step 
toward marginalizing the violent settler fringe. 

— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


If Kohl Were to Fall 


Helmut Kohl has put a brave face on it, but 
the vole in Lower Saxony makes it necessary 
for Germany’s friends to start wondering what 
a Kohl-less Germany would mean for them. 

Mr. Kohl says he still has a realistic chance 
of staying chancellor after next October’s gen- 
eral election. He is indeed a great survivor. 
There are some obvious mistakes that his oppo- 
nents could make — above afl. promising 
thing s that would mean higher taxes. Seven 
months is a long time in politics. All that having 
been said, the result in Lower Saxony on Sun- 
day — in ibe first of this year’s crescendo of 
Goman elections — is bad news for Mr. KohL 

His SodaJ Democratic opponents beat his 
own Christian Democrats by a solid 44 per- 
cent to 35 percent. Worse, he may be about to 
lose his partner in the national government, 
the liberal Free Democrats; their ejection 
from Lower Saxony's parliament may point to 
their extinction in Bonn, too. Mr. Kohl’s best 
hope of rescue is a turnup in the economy. 

In mid-March, the odds suggest that by the 
end of October the Social Democrats could be 
running the government in Bonn — maybe in 
coalition with (he rising Greens, perhaps as 
senior partners in a “grand coalition" with 
the Christian Democrats (which presumably 
means without Mr. Kohl), conceivably all by 
themselves. What might that mean for Ger- 
many and the rest of the West? 

Rudolf Scharping. the Social Democrats' 
new leader, is a dear-minded modernizer. His 
ability to manage the country sensibly, partic- 
ularly if Mr. Kohl were to leave him a restruc- 
tured economy on the upturn, should not be 
ruled oul But he has not yet got a grip on his 
party: he runs it largely from his provincial 
base, not from Bonn, and the party’s left wing 
is suU not property under his control. 

A government led by the Social Democrats 
could be inclined to pay its due to the people 
who voted it into power. It might be softer on 
pay increases than Mr. Kohl has been. It 
would wish to do more for the still growing 
lines of the jobless. It would be even more 
reluctant than the present government to cut 
the splendid but costly social welfare super- 
structure that makes German workere, and 


thus German exports, so expensve. If the So- 
cial Democrats turn their back during the elec- 
tion campaign on the tax rises that might pay 
for these things — but would lose them votes — 
the result ootikl be worse money supply figures, 
even tougher Bundesbank interest rales than 
now, and a downward twist to the economy. 

The other possible danger is a prolongation 
of German flabbiness in foreign policy. A part 
of the Social Democratic Party is the chief 
remaining repository of the great post-1945 
German fallacy, the belief that the only alter- 
native to Hitlerian world-brutality is some- 
thing very dose to pacifism. With the Social 
Democrats in power, it could take even longer 
to shape the reasonable compromise for the 
1990s — a foreign policy in which German 
soldiers can fight alongside their NATO allies 
for good causes outside Germany. If the So- 
cial Democrats rule in coalition with the 
Greens, no friends of NATO, it might not 
happen in this century. 

A generation ago, Germany’s Social Demo- 
crats led their European colleagues in the 
march away from Mara. The world has 
changed hugely since then. Mr. Scharping’s 
Social Democrats have seven months to show 
how much they have, after all, changed with it. 

INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. 


Other Comment 


No Compromise With Hate 


The decision by Benjamin Chavis of the 
NAACP to go ahead whh plans to invite 
Louis Farrakhan of the Nation of Islam to a 
meeting of black leaders is disturbing. Mr. 
Chavis hopes to draw Mr. Farrakhan toward 
moderation. But those who adopt extreme 
positions guard them jealously, lest still more 
extremist rivals steal their thunder. His own 
group's internal dynamics have wedded Mr. 
Farrakhan to hate. Rather than pander to the 
worst impulses in the black community, re- 
sponsible leaders have a duty to reaffirm the 
humane values that underlie all real progress. 

— 77ie Baltimore Sun. 



International Herald Tribune 

ESTABLISHED HSH7 

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Co-Chairmen 

RICHARD Me CLEAN. PuNuher & Chief £i«imr 
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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


OPINION 


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On China Policy, Washington Should Start Afresh 


W ASHINGTON — Say this for Warren 
Christoobcr’s bungled diplomatic foray 


▼V Christopher’s bungled diplomatic foray 
into China: It makes his handling of Bosnia look 
brilliant by comparison. The end of winter brings 
out the worst in the Clinton administrations 
penchant for launching the low-key Christopher 


By Jim Hoagland 


penchant for launching the low-tey Christopher 
at a high-profile diplomatic problem as a substi- 
tute for a clear, effective poucy. 


Almost a year ago, Mr. Christopher went off lo 
whip the Europeans into shape on Bosnia, only to 
come home in visible retreat. But at least the 
Europeans were equally responsible for the policy 
mess on Bosnia. On C hina, the secretary of state, 
the president and their aides have produced a 
policy disaster all on their own. 

By the time Mr. Christopher left Beijing on Mon- 
day, he had made a bad situation worse with a visit 
that should never hive been made. The odds now 
are that the a dminis tration will come out with the 
worst of all worlds on China: trying to compensate 
for political errors through economic pressure. 

In the last six months Washington has given the 
crumbling Communist dictatorship new political 
legjtinacy by seeking a “dialogue” on human 
rights. Now that Mr. Christopher has been kicked 
in the teeth by the Chinese, President Bill Clinton 
may be forced to maintain his credibility by can- 
celing the most-f a vored-nation trading status that 
is helping make China more of a capitalist nation. 

He would have been better off the other way 
around: mam taming normal trading status with 
China while withholding the political approval 
that Mr. Clinton conveyed by welcoming China's 
president fora bilateral' meeting last November in 
Seattle and by other high-level contacts that his 
administration has pursued. 

Astonishingly, in the wake of the deliberate 


humiliation of Mr. Christopher, Undersecretary c*f 
Defense Frank G. Wisner stayed on in Beijing 
Monday to discuss a future meeting between the 
two nations' defense minis ters 
Could my outrage be misplaced? Is the Wisner 
mission a tip-off that the past week of Beijing’s 
arrests and harassment or dissidents and soft 


words by Mr. Christopher was a staged presenta- 
tion of Chinese toughness, masking a secret deal to 


tion of Chinese toughness, masking a secret deal to 
be unveiled in time to justify Mr. Clinton's gram of 
most-favored status in late May? 

Let us hope so. Otherwise one must conclude 
that the Chinese believe that no matter what they 
do they already have in the bag renewal of the 


Chin ese beat up on him, Washington sought sub- 
stantial progress in human rights. Now Mr. Chris- 
topher seeks wily “limited progress.” 

That downgrading of the U.S. goal — under the 
twin pressures of the Leninists who run the Chinese 
government and U.S. businessmen reaping hand- 
some profits in a low-wage economy — does the 
- dissidents of China a disservice. Aral it obscures 
what “human rights” means in China today. 

Dissidents demand to be able to say in public 
that they want a democratic China, in which the 
Communist Party has to compete for power at the 
ballot box rather than monopolize it through the 
barrel of a gun. Prime Minis ter U Peng’s army 
murdered hundreds of students rather than let 
them say those dangerous words in June 1989. A 


prospect of being occupied. 

Mr. Rabin, whose cabinet voted on 
Sunday to ban two Jewish extremist 
groups on the West Bank, was due in 
Washington this Tuesday to confer 
with President Bill Clinton on a strat- 
egy for res umin g the talks. But the 
Palestinians, aching from the massa- 
cre at Hebron, distrust him and hesi- 
tate to return to the tabln Mr. Rabin 
and Mr. Clinton will work on the 
wording of a United Nations resolu- 
tion condemning the massacre, but 
the Palestinians will not be satisfied 
with mere words. 


Since the handshake in September 
i the White House lawn, tne occu- 


trading rights that have built them a projected $24 
billion trade surplus with America this year. 

Beijing could easily have drawn the conclusion 
that Mr. Clinton would not dare buck “the busi- 
ness lobby” from a speech given to the Hong 
Kong Chamber of Commerce on March 3 by 


of people who would have said those words 
senior U.S. official were arrested just before 


Undersecretary of Commerce Jeffrey Garten, 
who emphasized the importance of China and 


who em phasize d the importance of China and 
Indonesia to Mr. Clinton's “national export 
strategy” and to American investors. 

Asked by reporters how his speech fit with the 
president's emphasis on human rights and Mr. 
Christopher's upcoming visit to China, Mr. Garten 
replied that he did not deal with human rights. 

Mr. Christopher’s performance may well have 
confirmed for the Chinese that bullying this ad- 
ministration works. Speaking before unhappy U.S. 
businessmen in Beijing, the secretary softened the 
administration’s stand on what the Chinese must 
do to get most-favored status renewed. Before the 


to a senior U.S. oitictai were arrested just oeiore 
or during Mr. Christopher’s visit, with tittle visi- 
ble outrage by the secretary. 

China is a reality that has to be acknowledged. 
Trade in nonmilitaiy goods, on a normal basis, is a 
constructive way to do that But President Clinton 
has saddled hims elf with the choice of revoking 
most-favored status or cynically d aiming that his 
policies have produced significant change in China 
when that is not the case. 

Better to do what no government, including Bill 
Clinton's, has ever done. That is to admit that it 
has botched its China policy and needs to start 
afresh. Grant most-favored status, suspend high- 
level political contacts, and have Mr. Cbntou again 
meet pro-democracy Chinese students and publicly 
support Tibet That would at least gain him some- 
thing that Mr. Christopher’s visit did not produce: 
respect from the tough-minded niters of China. 

The Washington Past. 


For Aid to Work, Help the Poor Help Themselves 


on the White House lawn, the occu- 
pation has grown more onerous. In- 
stead of playing with words, Presi- 
dent Clinton might ask Prime 
Minister Rabin why he refuses to 
start dismantling the settlements, 
the principal obstacle to peace. 

Recent polls show that Israelis are 
substantially ahead of Mr. Rabin on 
this issue. Most seem prepared for a 
maior curtailment of the settlements. 

Paradoxically, Mr. Rabin makes 
no secret of his dislike for the settlers. 
When he was prime minis ter in the 
1970s, he did his best to limit settle- 
ments. Nearly all of the 130,000 Jew- 
ish inhabitants of the territories ar- 
rived when the right-wing Likud 
Party was in power. 

But the settlers' power intimidates 
Mr. Rabin. Toting guns, they pro- 
claim that they win defy the govern- 
ment if it tries to dilute their pres- 
ence. Mr. Rabin, who is also defense 


D HAKA, Bangladesh — Twenty 
years ago, officials from around 
the world gathered in Rome to con- 
sider the pbght of hungry masses ev- 
erywhere. A commitment was made 
to eliminate global malnutrition by 
1 980. This was to be accomplished by 
creating new institutions, redesigning 
old ones and {pending more money. 

Projects financed under this pro- 
gram were supposed to make ade- 
quate food available to millions of 
“beneficiaries.” Unfortunately, no 
such thing happened- But today, al- 
though donor nations have reduced 
their aid budgets, there is an opportu- 
nity finally to end hunger. This can 
be done by early in the next century, 
using the institutions that were sup- 
posed to have done it try 1980. 

When we think of aid “beneficia- 
ries,” we think of faceless people in 
distant countries. The word “donors” 
brings to mind sluggish bureaucracies 
of various shapes and sizes. Consul- 
tants, too, play a rale; but they have 

mg ai^T^i^knowlcdge comes most- 
ly from studies by academics, usually 
far removed from areas of need. 

This process hardly allows for 
meaningful partnerships between do- 
nors ana the poor. 

Who are the real “beneficiaries” of 
the international aid business, which 
distributes about $60 billion a year? A 
study in Bangladesh found that 75 
percent of the billions of dollars Ban- 


By Muhammad Yunus 


gjadesh has received in foreign aid 
since independence in 1971 went back 
to donor countries to pay for consul- 
tants, advisers, commodities, equip- 
ment and so on. Most of the remaining 
■25 percent of the aid went to local 
consultants, advisers, contractors, bu- 
reaucrats and engineers, not the poor. 
So who are the real beneficiaries? 

The aid to Bangladesh helped 
build roads, bridges, power plants 
and research institutions, and helped 
buy equipment for factories. 

Large numbers of people are sup- 
posed to benefit. But most often, it is 
the people who prepare and imple- 
ment “aid projects” who benefit 

The poorest half of the populations 
of recipient countries, particularly 
women, see few benefits. Sane pro- 
jects even harm them. 

Aid bureaucracies claim to pro- 
mote “development" in Third World 
countries. Development in most 
cases, is interpreted as short-term 
economic growth. Aid methodologies 
are usually designed by so-called ex- 
perts at growth- promo ti oa. These ex- 
perts may do a good job of building 
infrastructure, but they show no skill 
in improving the productive capacity 
of poor people. 

The multilateral development fi- 
nance institutions, both global and 
regional focus on infrastructure 
braiding. Their methodologies allow 


them to work only with national gov- 
ernments, not nongovernmental or- 


ganizations or civic groups. 

It is time for the wealthy Northern 
countries to make a political commit- 
ment to build solidarity with the 
poorest half of the population in the 
South, particularly women. Tax-pay- 
ers in donor countries should make it 
plain to their aid officials that they 
want their money to be spent directly 
on the reduction of poverty. There 
should be a dear timetable for mak- 
ing the world poverty-free. 

But first, several important 
changes will be needed in the aid 


this is particularly true of 
literal development finance 


the multilateral development finance 
institutions. All these agencies need 
to redefine their missions to reflect 
this new commitment 
One strategy that development 
agencies can use to make this hap- 
pen is to ensure that the poor have 
access to investment capitaL Credit 
is a potent weapon, helping the poor 
fight their way out of poverty 
through their own efforts. Poor 
women show exceptional skill and 

S in building better lives for 
rives and their families once 
they have access to credit. 

Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, and 
more than 100 Grameen programs in 
40 other countries, have demonstrat- 
ed this beyond doubL 


Today, Grameen Bank serves near- 
ly two million borrowers in Bangla- 
desh, 94 percent of them women. 
Grameen works in half of Bangla- 
desh’s 68,000 villages. 

Last year more than $300 million 
was disbursed in housing and in- 
come-generating loans. The repay- 
ment rate remains above 98 percent. 
Research on Grameen borrowers 
shows that the bulk of them are mov- 
ing steadily out of poverty. 

Grameen Bank has always been 
known as a bank for the poor. But we 
are approaching a time when it will 
be described as the bank of the 
formerly poor. 

We find it strange that while Gra- 
meen is admired for pioneering a 
method that gives the poor a chance 
to move out of poverty, international 
development finance institutions find 
it impossible, or at least difficult, to 


minister, is responsible for the 
army’s kid-gloved treatment of the 
extremist settlers. 

Most Israelis believe that Mr. Ra- 
bin is prepared, in time, to sacrifice 
the settlements. But in dealing with 
the Palestine Liberation Organiza- 


to give nothing away without a com- 
mensurate concession. 

That may be sound in normal bar- 
gaining, but the' Palestinians have 
hide to give, and the strategy is lead- 
ing to disaster. The negotiations 
need more goodwill. 

In refusing to help settlers who 
want to go, Mr. Rabin is cynically 
bowing to the extremists. Relocation 
may be expensive, but it is a fore- 
sign ted investment. Humane dealings 
with the settlers now will begin the 
erosion of their movement, making it 
easier fa the government to confront 
the diehards later. 

Mr. Clinton might wdl remind Mr. 
Rabin that Israel has not used the $10 
billion fa which the United States 


support the Grameen replication pro- provided loan guarantees last year, 
grams around the world. Their rules, Mr. Clinton need only say the wad 
procedures, methodologies and con- to make the money available for re- 


cep ts get in the way. 
In frustration, we 


The Time to Save Fish Stocks Is Now 


In frustration, we have created a 
separate organization, Grameen 
Trust. Private and official donors 
have provided funding to finance 
Grameen replications around the 
world. To cope with fast-rising de- 
mand for training and funding, the 
Trust has prepared an estimate of 
demand over the next five years. We 
are asking donors to help us assemble 
the needed amount — about 5100 
million — to support an increasing 
number of Grameen replications. 

If the people of the dona countries 
make a political commitment to build 




4 * £ .*■ 


N EW YORK — Prime Minister 
Yitzhak Rabin, campaigning 
for resumption of Middle East peace 
talks, should start by helping Jewish 
settlers who want to leave the occu- 
pied territories and return to Israel. 

He told the Knesset last month 
that hundreds of settlers in Gaza had 
asked to be relocated. A few weeks 
ago, 15 families from the West Bank 
settlement of Arid petitioned the 
government fa assistance in return- 
ing home. Reports indicate that thou- 
sands more may be ready to follow. 

Knesset members from Mr Ra- 
bin’s Labor Party have drafted legis- 
lation calling on the government to 
pay compensation to settlers wishing 
to go back to Israel. Several Labor- 
ites have set up a hoi line to assist 
settlers who want to leave. 

Yet Mr. Rabin says he does not 
want to encourage departures. He is 
spending government funds to com- 
plete settlement projects even 
though tens of thousands of apart- 
ments in the West Bank have stood 
vacant for months and show no 


*5 ?■ 


W ASHINGTON — Next week 
another round of United Na~ 


VV another round of United Na- 
tions talks begins that will try to 
resolve a genuine global environ- 
mental crisis. There is no danger of 
crying wolf on this one. 

The negotiations are not hobbled 
by scientific uncertainty or polar- 
ized by a North-South divide. The 
risk is not abstract or distant From 
human need. None of these handi- 
caps, which can make environmen- 
tal agreements so difficult, obtains. 
The only bars to action are short- 
sightedness and greed. 

The crisis is drastic overuse of 
ocean fisheries. Thirteen of the 17 
major global fisheries are depleted a 
in serious decline. The other four are 
overexploited or fully exploited. Ev- 
ery one, in other words, has reached 
or far exceeded its sustainable yield. 

The global catch has been declin- 
ing since 1989. Long before that, 
rising tonnages masked a shift from 
valuable species, such as flounder, 
haddock and swordfish, lomuch less 
edible ones, such as spiny dogfish, 
skate and shark — all that was left 

This is not just a tragedy of the 
global commons. Individual coun- 
tries have managed no better. Since 
the United States took control of its 
200-mile offshore zone, it has pre- 
sided over a government-subsidized 
orgy of overfishing that has deci- 
mated species after species. 

Despite ever greater effort — big- 
ger boats, sonar, more days at sea 
—the catch of nine of the 12 Atlan- 
tic groundfish stocks has collapsed. 
The take of such species as cod. 


By Jessica Mathews 


strong international regime to man- 
age the fisheries. This, not another 
toothless declaration, must be the 
goal of the United Nations talks. 
The agreement should set minimum 
global standards to be met or ex- 
ceeded by regional pacts. 

Countries must be required to 
participate — their participation to 
include the collection of vital data on 
their ships — or forfeit fishing rights. 
Catch standards should consider the 
whole marine ecosystem, because 
present fishing methods devastate 
birds, marine mammals and nontar- 
get fish as well as edible stocks. Re- 
covery plans that create temporary 
a permanent unemployment in the 
fishing industry win sometimes be 
the only alternative to permanent 
lass of the resource. 

Fish move. The 200-mile bound- 
ary that separates national zones 
from the open seas is meaningless 
under water. All countries need the 
fish: those that operate a few miles 
from shore, and “distant water" na- 
tions that send their fleets around 
the world. Finger-panting between 
the two groups over who has done 
most damage to a particular stock 
— the principal pastime at the UN 
talks so far — serves only to deepen 
the crisis and make the choices in 
an eventual recovery harsher. 

This is no long-term challenge, h 
is here and now. 


solidarity with the poor around the 
world, they 1 will know how to change 


haddock and flounder is down by 
70 to 85 percent. Clam and oyster 
catches arc down by half. Pacific 
salmon are nearing commercial or 
biological extinction. In the Gulf of 
Mexico it is the same story. 

Hoe is one measure of how fast 
this devastation has occurred. 

In 1979. in the frenzy of the sec- 
ond oil crisis, the US. government 
wanted to drill fa ofl on Georges 
Bank, a biologically rich shoal east 
of Massachusetts which then had 
more fish per square meter than any 
place in tne world, and was bring- 
ing in more than $1 billion per year. 
It served as the spawning ground 
for dozens of species fished there 
and elsewhere. All this was to be 
put at risk fa an estimated amount 
of oil equal to less than five hours 
per year of U.S. energy needs. 


The irony is that although there 
oved to "be no oil at Georges 


proved to be no oil at Georges 
Bank, the sector was nearly de- 
stroyed anyway — by blind mis- 
management. After 350 years of 
continuous fishing, the area was 


stripped bare in a decade. Today 
much of it is dosed to fishing 
Fish stocks are stretched to or 
beyond their limits, as world popu- 


lation marches steadily upward by 
1.75 percent per year. Already, 800 
million people are maln ourished. 


world, they will know how to change 
their bilateral and multilateral aid 
machineries to carry out their will. 
No excuses from aid agencies can 
stand before the firm political com- 
mitment of concerned taxpayers. 


Mr. Clinton need only say the word 
to make the money available for re- 
settling Israelis. 

Washington has also committed 
money from the Agency for Interna- 
tional Development to Palestinian 
housing in the territories; the first 
$25 million was authorized last 
month. Palestinian expatriates have 
offered to form consortia to invest in 
housing in the territories. They are 
ready buyers of the vacant apart- 
ments in the West Bank. Surely the 
quickest way for them to put the 
U.S. money to its intended use ^ 
would be to buy the homes of Israe- ” 
lis who want to leave. 

As the Palestinians see it, the nego- 
tiations, which began in hope, cli- 
maxed at Hebron. If Mr. Rabin is 
sincere in wanting io resume the talks 
— and I believe he is — he must show 
them that peace will benefit them. 
What better way than to help Jewish 
settlers go back home? 


The writer is managing director of 
the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh. He 
contributed this comment to the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune. 


The writer, author of “Sandcastles: 
The Arabs in Search of the Modem 
World, ” contributed this comment to 
The New York Times. 



IN OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1894: A Bomb in Church 


PARIS — A bomb exploded just in- 
side the Madeleine at half-past two 
o'clock yesterday afternoon [March 


15}, and killed a young man who it is 
supposed carried it in his pocket. No 
one else was injured, and the church 
was not damaged. The police think 
that an Anarchist plotted to blow up 
the Madeleine, and went there with 
his bomb and several friends for eye- 
witnesses. Fortunately for the com- 
munity — but unfortunately fa the 
Anarchist and for M. Deibler. public 
executioner, who is paid by the piece 
— the explosive did its work ahead of 
time, long before the crowd arrived. 


for $38,483 and 43 cents from En- 
rico Caruso, which is one-fourth 
payment of the famous singer’s en- 
tire tax of $153,933 and 70 cents. 
Caruso wrote a letter with the 
cheque, saying: “I am very proud to 
pay my part of the expenses of the 
war. America has done much fa me 
and I am happy to reciprocate.” 


1944c Cassino Is Erased 


1919: Caruso's Payment 


million pe 

Preserving 


n le are maln ourished. 

e source of one-sixth 


of the world’s animal protein sup- 
ply is a dire necessity. 

The only hope lies in creating a 


The writer, a senior feBow at the 
Council on Foreign Relations, con- 
tributed this comment to The Wash- 
ington Post. 


NEW YORK — Collector William 
H. Edwards, of the Second Internal 
Revenue District, has announced he 
has received in the form of certifi- 
cates of indebtedness $20,000,000 
from corporations as income-tax 
payments. He also received a cheque 


ALGIERS — [Fran our New Yak 
edition:] The town of Cassino, fa 
which the Allies have been fighting 
for six weeks, was virtually wiped on 
the face of the earth today [March 13] 
in the fiercest air attack of the Italian 
campaign. All the heavy, medium 
and light bombers of the Mediterra- 
nean Allied Air Force went out this 
morning to blast a way for the Allied 
armies through the Gustav line and 
dumped 1.400 tons of explosive on 
the little town that has boned the 
path to Rome. Allied artillery then 
took over, streaming shells into what 
had been an enemy fortress. 


. ' n,; 
Niir, 


T 




* 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 

OPINION 


Page 9 


No Racial Reform on a Racist Base 


Hal's columas inTh^Ne^Y^lr^f™" 


flia not go far enough. 

Something much larger than Mr Far- 
2S- — re P^ ed , and many 

=££ 5 ir ,rad “ 4 

America. (Only this place in ihe 
J^gmaumi explains the vast disparity 
Between his prominence and his rather 
anaD actpal following.) uis 

where the group ceases to be a mere 

ST? 1 ? £ aa ^ n becomes a value 
m itself. Here the group becomes synon- 
ymous with truth and therefore beyond 
«{«d approval from others. 

All groups have such territories and 
the characters to fill them. 

Meir Kahane, Louis Farrakhan. Vla- 
™r airinovsky, the Grand Dragons 
of the Klan — all such people are unas- 
sauable in ihemsdves and among their 
followers because they take their specif- 
ic group as a truth higher than any 
universal truth. 

It is precisely their break from univer- 
sal truths — tolerance; brotherhood, 
fair-mindedness — that enables them to 
assert the supremacy of their group. 

So when Jesse Jackson and the mem- 
bers of the Congressional Black Caucus 
repudiate Mr. Farrakhan in a show of 
universal principles, they bum him in a 
fire that purifies his par tisanshi p. 

What might be more wisely repudiat- 
ed is the pattern of social reform that 
America has offered its former victims 
for 25 years — entitlements offered to 
groups (by race, sex, ethnicity and sexu- 
al orientation) rather than rights guaran- 
teed to individuals and developmental 
help to those in need. This is a pattern of 
reform that calls out the Farrakhans in 
every group so they can be used as 
wedges in the group’s negotiations with 
the larger society. 

The black caucus did not strike a 
“covenant” with Mr. Farrakhan because 
he had the political clout to get their 
members elected. His value was em- 
blematic. He personifies the black out- 
rage at oppression that justifies entitle- 
ments for the group. 

If you are seeking entitlements on the 
basis of oppression, then you must have 
your Farrakhan, or your Act-Up, or 
your radical feminists. Oppression must 
be seen to have driven than to hate, to 
have spoiled their reason and made 
than dangerous. They are icons of op- 
pression and their role in America's 
group politics is to embody a degree of 
alienation and anger that could become 
manifest in the entire group if entitle- 
ments are not forthcoming. 

So Mr. Farrakhan is a result of a 
formula of social reform set up to re- 
ward past oppression with current 
group entitlements. The Nixon admin- 
istration — in which group prefer e nces 
were first employed — is as responsible 
for his prominence as any actual op- 
pression that blacks may still suffer. 


By Shelby Steele 

But whenever a democracy allows entitle- 
ment by group it calls out extremis 15 who 
both justify and enforce the entitlement. 

It was backward and extremist whites 
(the KJan and its fellow travelers! who, 
seeing their race as truth in itself, en- 
forced white entitlement through Jim 
Crow segregation. 

Whether justified by past oppression 
or notions of racial superiority, group 
entitlements require thugs and goons to 
patrol their borders and ignorant mythol- 
ogies to justify their advantage. 

For 25 years the American formula 
for soda! reform has been based on the 
old formula for white supremacy. 

To reform centuries of white entitle- 
ment, we do not enforce the democratic 
principles it violated. Instead we grant 
precisely the same undemocratic entitle- 
ment to minorities and women in the 
name of redress. We use the old sin to 
correct its own damage. 

But this difference is not as great as it 
seems, because in both cases we allow the 
mere claim (of oppression or of white 
superiority) to become a currency of enti- 
tlement This daim does not have to be 
supported. The child of well-to-do black 
parents gets preference in college admis- 
sions without any evidence of oppression, 
just as whites were once preferred with- 
out any evidence of superiority. Group 
membership alone seals the advantage. 

This puts minorities and women in 
the same position as whites in the era of 
segregation — as ratio nalizer s of a dubi- 
ous group advantage. 

And the technique of rationalization 
is the same in both cases: to posit their 
oppression or racial superiority as an 
absolute in the world that not only justi- 
fies entitlements but lifts them into mor- 
al proprieties. Now the group advantage 
carries the weight of propriety, so that 
conformity to it is a show of decency. 

In the 1950s a white woman told my 
mother that it would be “indecent” to 
allow her children to play with me — 


claim of oppression that group entitle- 
ments have made the centerpiece of 
black identity. 

So within the ivied walls of opportuni- 
ty oppression is not only celebrated but 
hardened into identity and currency. 

With this degree of distortion afoot, it 
is only a short step to that oldest of 
standbys, anti-Semitism. The classic 
Jewish stereotypes — insidious and 
predatory intelligence, a talent for mani- 
acal conspiracy — perfectly finish off 
the claim of black oppression by giving 
it a depth of evil so incomprehensible 
that It can never be penetrated. 

Even if we could reform the brutal 
whiles, we would have no chance against 
the duplicity and conspiratorial genius of 
the Jews. Anti-Semitism is the sculptor's 
finishing tool By making our oppression 
immutable, it returns that oppression to 
us as a weapon and an entitlement. 

Entitlements by race, sex, ethnicity 
and sexual orientation — categories that 
in no way reflect meri t — are at the root 
of the great social evils in American life. 

Aside from the obvious unfairness of 
such entitlements, it is the distorted 
claims that groups must conjure to gain 
their benefit that absolutely require rac- 
ism, sexism, anti-Semitism and aD man- 
ner of collective hatreds. 

The reformers of the last few decades 
have not admitted this. 

But the means to genuine reform have 
beat here all along — a democracy of 
individuals that has the discipline never 
to entitle any group for any reason. 

The writer, a professor of English at San 
Jose Stale University, is author of " The 
Content of Our Character . ” He contributed 
this comment to The New York Tones. 



Death in a Crowded Street: 
Once We Were Shocked 


By A. M. Rosenthal 


N EW YORK — She died on the 
street, near her bouse in Queens, 
stabbed to death in the early morning of 
March 13, 1964. It was not much of a 
story; an editor in The New York Times 
newsroom held up a thumb and forefin- 
ger, meaning keep it short. 

Four paragraphs appeared, written by 
a young police reporter. Even in tire 
newsroom they were barely noticed. But 

MEANWHILE 

two weeks later Catherine Genovese’s 
naira became known around the world. 

For 30 years now, the half-hour be- 
fore she died of her wounds has been 
studied in classes from grade school to 
universities, dissected in graduate semi- 
nars and related in church sermons, all 
in the search for some meaning. 

A few days after the murder, I had 
lunch with Police Commissioner Mi- 
chael Joseph Murphy. 1 was metropoli- 
tan alitor of The Times; we had talked 
about public apathy toward crime. 

That day, at Emil's, near City Hall, be 
told me a story that made him shake his 
head. We checked it out, and on March 
17 a story by Martin Gansberg appeared 
rat the front page. It began; 

“For more than half an hour. 38 re- 
spectable, law-abiding citizens in Queens 
watched a killer stalk and stab a wo man 
in three separate attacks in Kew Gardens. 
Twice the sound of their voices and tire 
glow erf their bedroom lights interrupted 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


white supremacy lifted into a propriety 
so that group advantage could be pro- 
tected in tire name of decency. 

Today, political correctness is a pro- 
priety that, among other things, makes 
objections to group entitlements inde- 
cent. Group entitlements are power; 
power fights to be a propriety so that 
obeisance to it can be a form or decency. 

And these entitlements are a powerful 
incentive for groups to define their very 
identity around the claims that justify 
their advantage. This explains the odd 
attraction of middle-class black students 
to tire likes of Mr. Farrakhan, who now 
commands SI 5,000 to $20,000 per lec- 
ture. He distorts and exaggerates the 


Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed “Letters to the 
Editor* and contain the writer's sig- 
nature. name and full address. Let- 
ters should be brief and are subject to 
editing. We cannot be responsible for 
the return cf unsolicited manuscripts. 


The Forgotten War 

Why do tire Western news media give 
so much attention to the war in Bosnia 
when two ex-Soviet republics, Armenia 
and Azerbaijan, have been destroying 
each other for five years without anyone’ 
paying the slightest bit of notice? Thou- 
sands nave been slaughtered. 

In Azerbaijan, one million refugees 
live in misery as Armenian troops con- 
tinue to make advances. Earlier, hun- 
dreds of thousands of Armenians were 
driven from their homes by Azeri forces. 
There been little humanitarian aid. 

As in Bosnia, this is a territorial war. 
Not least to blame are tire ludicrous bor- 
ders: Azerbaijan is sliced into two pieces 
by Armenia, while Armenians in the 
Azeri province of Nagorno-Karabakh are 
cutoff from Armenia and fed threatened. 

Why cannot the West offer to medi- 
ate? The chances of achieving a lasting 
solution are much higher than in Bosnia. 
By ceding small pieces of territory, Ar- 
menia and Azerbaijan could draw more 
rational borders and begin repairing 
their shattered economies. 

GRAHAM OARKE. 

Measure, England. 


Social Gains in Cuba 

Regarding “ A New System Is Budding 
for Cubans" (Feb. 7): 

Douglas Farah fails to note that the 
“social gains” which the Casuoitcs wish 
to protect are very real Compare Cuban 
health and literacy figures with those 
of such American clients as Guatemala 
and El Salvador. 

Even the booming f nee-market Mexi- 
can economy does not do well in such 
categories as live birth rate or literacy 
when compared to Cuba. Although Cu- 
ba’s human rights record is not good, it 
is enormously better than those of El 
Salvador or Guatemala. 

For most Cubans, Castroism, in mite 
of its very real faults, is a better deal 
than American hegemony. 

SAM ABRAMS. 

London. 

Both Your Bouses 

Regarding "Optimism and Outrage ” 
(Letters, Fen. 24): 

While writing of violent acts in North- 
ern Ireland, Ronald Grey makes no allu- 
sion to killing s perpetrated by unionist 


paramilitaries, who often justify their 
actions as reactions to Irish Republican 
Army violence. 

JEANETTE F. H LIBER. 

Kinsale, Ireland. 

Who Has the Real Recipe? 

Regarding “ Vienna Intrigue: Who 
Has Real Sacher TorteT* (Features. Jan. 
28 1 by Mark Kurlansky: 

A statement I made during the inter- 
view was not published correctly. As 
restaurant manager of the Hotel Sacher, 
allow me to repeat what I said; 

“The recipe of the Sacher torte is no 
secret, because you can find it in every 
cookbook, but it is a secret to make the 
Original Sacher tone. This recipe is 
locked in the safe of the hold’s owner ” 
ROBERT PALFRADER. 

Vienna. 

Mr. Kuriansky replies: Fm relieved 
that Mr. Patfrader dia not reveal the exact 
location of the safe, which would encour- 
age Viennese pastry spies to break in and 
get the Sacher torte recipe m the dead oj 
night. But even if they aid so it would do 
them no good, because only Sacher has the 
legal right to call the cake “ the OrigmaL " 


Thai , 1 think, was Mr. Palfrader’s point in 
his statement, which I quoted accurately. 

Keeping Rabies at Bay 

Regarding “ Nonrabid Britain ” (Let- 
ters, Feb II): 

My husband and I have traveled 

wrihus 1 in the c^an^railCT.^Jor dogs 
are properly vaccinated, and it is there- 
fore impossible for them to bring rabies 
to Britain. We have official certificates 
to prove this, but these documents are 
useless once we cross the Channel 

Maybe a solution would be to bring 
the dogs to a veterinarian approved 
by the British Consulate fm- proper 
identification (ear tattoo; photograph) 
and vaccination. 

I understand the fear of rabies; what a 
pity it would be if a contagious animal 
brought this illness to Britain. But some 
day this will happen (what about bats on 
planes and drips?) and then a lot of cats 
and dogs will die. Wouldn't it be better 
to start immunizing British quadrupeds 
to be prepared for this terrible event? 

SWANETTE MOOU. 

Taino, Italy. 


him and frightened him off. Each time he 
returned, sought her out and stabbed her 
again. Not one person telephoned the 
police during the assault; rase witness 
called after the woman was dead.” 

If any of the 38 witnesses had called 
during the first attack, police said. Kitty 
Genovese, 28, might have beat saved. 

When reporters talked to the witness- 
es, some said they did not want to get 
involved. One man said he was tired. 
Most, asked why they had done nothing, 
just said, “I don’t know ” 

Lata, some of the witnesses and their 
neighbors became angry. They told the 
reporters it was unfair how they kept 
writing about Austin Street, where Cath- 
erine Genovese died, and how they were 
giving the neighborhood a bad name. 

Repraters then consulted “experts.” 
Mostly the answers were what you 

would expect — blahblahblah. A theolo- 
gian said blahblah maybe the city was 
“depersonalized.” Then he said: “Don’t 
note me." That was the only funny 
ing that happened. 

Police arrested a man called Winston 
Moseley. He was convicted, and re- 
ceived a life sentence. 

But how could it happen — 38 wit- 
nesses keeping silent while Catherine 
Genovese died? I get letters, some of 
them from children studying the Geno- 
vese case in fifth or sixth grade. A teach- 
er wrote that ha children wept when 
they heard the stray. 

Sometimes I write to the children that 
maybe the fact that Catherine Genovese 
is remembered will mean that fewer peo- 
ple will turn away. 

That is unctuous nonsense. It is diffi- 
cult to say to the children — no, ha death 
has not helped dimmish apathy. But that 
is what I believe. In New York and the 
rest of the country, there is more violence, 

more apathy toward it, not less. 

“Apathy” is not really news anymore. 
Every week, sometimes often m one 
week, somebody gets murdered before 
witnesses in New Yoric — an execution 
on a drug comer, or death in a drive-by 
splatter of bullets. 

When 1 see the scene in my mind. I 
know that there must have bran lots of 
witnesses — in the streets, or watching 
from windows. But the thought that they 
walked away or pulled their beads in 
does not startle me anymore. I take it for 
granted. If I were still an editor I would 
probably not botha to send reporters to 
search out witnesses, it seems so com- 
monplace now, silent witness. 

These years, when I think of how 
excited we all got about the story of 
neighbors who refused to get involved 
while a woman was killed, and bow 
everybody was startled that it could ac- 
tually happen, that time seems very dis- 
tant, almost naive. 

But how can you write that to children 
who cry at the memory of Catherine 
Genovese, and the manna of ha dying!? 

The New York Tones. 


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19 9 3 


RISE IN EARNINGS 


The Board of Directors of Lafarge Coppbe, presided by Chairman 
Bertrand CoQomb, met on March 9, 1994 to review the group's 
1993 accounts. 

Before interest and tax, operating income came to FRF 35 bn, 
representing a rise of 10% on 1992. 

This resulted from a combination of: 

• recovery in North American business, the gypsum division, 
and an increased contribution from central Europe, 

• a steady contribution from growth areas as a whole, and the 
resilience of the group's cement business in France, 

■ fails in the Spanish cement business, concrete and aggregates, 
and speciality products. 


Active in some 40 countries, 
Lafarge Coppee is one of 
the world’s foremost producers 
of building materials. 

We hold leading positions in each 
of our core businesses: cement, 
concrete and aggregates, gypsum, 
and specialty products, both 
calcium aluminates and 
formulated ready-to-use products. 
We have also diversified into 
bioactivitres. 

Our strength: building expert 
teams and making the best use 
of their know-how. 

Our strategy: expansion by 
broadening our product line and 
focusing on countries with high 
growth potential. 


1 FRF millions 

1 995 

1992 

Chongs | 

Sales 

30,430 

30,451 

- 

Operating income 

3,462 

3,135 

+ 10% 

Net income, group share 

1.553 

1.228 

+ 26% 

Net income per share (FRF) 

23.5 

213 

+ 10*5 

Average number of shares (in millions) 

66 

57.7 

+ 14* 


£ 


LAFARGE 

COPPEE 


NET INCOME, GROUP SHARE, UP 26% 

Net income, group share, was up 26% from FRF 1.228 million in 
1992 to FRF 1.553 million in 1993. Lower interest expense and 
increased holdings in a number of subsidiaries meant that this 
rise was sharper than that in operating income. 

Net income per share was FRF 23.5 representing a rise of 10% 
from FRF 21 .3 in 1992 

The Annual General Meeting of Shareholders will be asked to 
approve a dividend of FRF 9.00 or FRF 13-50 including tax credit. 
The impact of the bonus share issue in November 1993 means that 
this represents a rise of 10% on the dividend for the previous year. 

INCREASED INVESTMENT 

In 1993, group investments totalled FRF 43 bn, up from FRF 3.6 
bn. This was financed out of working capital provided by 
operations amounting to FRF 3.6 bn, compared with FRF 3.2 bn 
in 1992, and proceeds of divestments amounting to FRF 0,7 bn. 
Exchange of securities represented a further FRF 1.1 bn, notably 
in connection with the swap offer for Aslarid shares. 

The group also continued its expansion, strengthening its 
industrial bases in Germany, Turkey, Morocco and Greece, 
raising stakes in subsidiaries based in Brazil Spain, Austria and 
the Czech Republic, and acquiring new businesses in the US, 
France and Spain. 

STRONGER FINANCES 

The success of new share issues by Lafarge Coppee and Lafarge 
Corporation helped raise consolidated stockholders' equity from 
FRF 225 bn at the end of 1992 to FRF 26.5 bn at the end of 1993. 
It also substantially reduced debt, down from FRF 9.7 bn at the 
end of 1992 to FRF 55 bn at the end of 1993. 

Lafarge Coppee can thus call on these new resources to pursue 
its strategy, and has set 1994 targets calling for a further rise in 
earnings. 

} MINITEL. 3616 CLIFF 


WORLD LEADER IN BUILDING MATERIALS 








International Herald Tribune 
Wednesday ; March 16, 1994 
Page 10 


STAGE '/ENTERTAINMENT 


Merchant, No Ivory 


r / 


By Alexandra Viets 


B OMBAY — In filmmaking, the 
names Merchant-Ivory have come to 
signif y a particular kind of English 
landscape: the world of drawing- 
room maime rs, of subdued odor, repressed 
emotion, lost opportunity, restraint and bound- 
ary. Hus landscape is the product of a unique 
partnership of more than 30 years between 
Ismail Merchant as producer and James Ivory 


as director, the team that produced “Howards 
End" and most recently “lire Remains of the 


'The Flag’: Revolution That Wasn’t 


End" and most recently “The Remains of the 
Day," which is up for eight Academy Awards. 

Prepare yourself. “In Custody ” Merchant’s 
d i rectori a l defeat reveals an eye and a bean that 
is cot from a different doth. Based on the novel 
by the Indian author Anita Desai, “In Custody," 
which will be released in Europe in April, depicts 
the disintegrating wodd of a great Unto poet 


By Sheridan Morley 

International Herald Tribune 


L ONDON — Crain and Vanessa Red- 
grave axe launching a new theater 
company, at Bridge Lane in Batter- 
sea, with Alex Ferguson’s "The 
Flag,” a new play derived from Robert Shaw’s 
20-year-old novel about the radical vicar of 
Thaxted in Essex, Conrad Noel who was fam- 
ous for his ardent support of the General Strike 
in a very conservative country parish. 


Ferguson has rechristened his vicar, not very 
originally, John Calvin and teQs his story in a 
senes of fragmentary scenes intercut with the 


LONDON THEATER 


kpbaVa^a 

Conrad Nelson and Colin R. Camp- 
bell \ above, in “Omma. ” 


story of another radical of the era, John Rocking- 
ham, Both men are haunted by the memories of 
World War 1 and stOl surrounded by its walking 
wounded, and they are charianattcally {Hayed by 
Redgrave and John McEnexy. But the problem, 
as in so many Redgrave projects, is that we end 
up with sketches for a workers' pageant rather 
than any really crafted or complete drama. 

The interest hoe is in a revelation that never 
quite happened. A ragged army of s u r vi v ors 
from the trenches was on the move across 
England in the 70s, and taken together with the 
intellectual interest in communism and the wide- 
spread desire feu socialism, they could just have 
added up to a major rebellion. “The Flag" could 
have been about why that didn't happen, and 


there are indeed moments of such sub-Shavian 
debate, with Jennifer Hilary as the predatory 
aristocrat and Kika Markham as the vicar's wife, 
who just wants to go to Brighton while her 
husband dreams of going to heaven. But the play 
drifts off into lethargic, fragmentary scenes of 
life on the road. The real battle between church 
and state, peasant and patrician, is never joined. 

For reasons that remain thoroughly obscure 
(even apparently to its anginal cast, aD of whom 
resigned en masse during rehearsal), “Orama: 
Oetfipos and the Lock of Thebes” at the Young 

Vic is determined to tdl os the stories of Oedipus 
and Thebes, Antigone and Creon, as related m a 
radio studio by four actors in modern dress 
wearing headset-mkrophones. 

This would be bad enough were it a school 
production by radio producer desperate to 
prove to weary and bored students that Greek 
drama has some sort of modem relevance. As 
staged in the round at the Vic, by its resident 
director, Tim Supple it is nothing short of a 
disaster, bringing us none of the original inten- 
sity of the drama. 

The moment when the Diana Rigg “Medea" 
hasjust ended a sellout West End season, and is 


distinguished family tree Based on the Hugh 
Walpole best-seller of the early ’30s, it was adapt- 
ed for the stag: by Rodney Addand and first 


produced by John Gielgud in 1935 with a cast 
fed by Edith Evans. It then became a repertory- 
theater standard, only to fall from favor in the 
late 1950s like so many other well-made {Hays of 
its period 

Since then, it has only had one major London 
revival (in 1969) and Ackland remains one of 
the greatest of our “lost" dramatists and novel- 
ists. He had a fascination with dark and strange 
worlds, often focusing on the dispossessed and 
those hying out their fives in the twilight of 
anonymous boarding bouses. 

The story erf “The Old Ladies" is a very slow 
one indeed As a thriller it barely moves, bm as a 
mood drama h retains a certain eerie fascination. 
Three old ladies in a cathedral town are thrown 
into conflict by a piece of amber May (Faith 
Brook) owns it, Agatha (Miriam Kariin) covets it 
and Lucy (Doreen Mantle) tries to bold them 
apart, sensing that the amber will bring death. 
The ladies are symbolic of terror, greed and 
decency, bat because we never glimpse an out- 
side world any production needs the same daus- 
trophobic intensity required of “The Heiress." 
Instead Annie Castddine’s new production 
gives us a cavernous mansi on with Kariin inex- 
plicably dressed up like Miss Saigpn’s mad maid- 


about to reopen on Broadway, is surely not the 
one at which to worry about whether the 
Greeks have any “relevance" to a modem audi- 
ence. The Young Vic would seem to be in real 
trouble with its new management, but simply to 
abandon aD theatrical principles and convert to 
a radio studio would not to me appear high 


whose life has deteriorated into drinking orgies 
and the agfy bickering of Iris two wives. It is a 
personal journey for Merchant back into the 
Urdu culture of his childhood 
Audiences will see a different kind of film 
from the Merchant-Ivory works, one that un- 
leashes emotion. Shashi Kapoor plays the poet, 
Nur, with aD the grief and despair of a King 
Lear. He is a man at the end of ms life, who sees 
die destruction of Urdu culture as he knows it 


reduced to the confines of ins bedroom. 

Into this world steps Deven, a mkfcOe-dass 
professor of Hindi, played by Om Puri. An 
aficionado of Unto poetry, he is enlisted by a 
newspaper editor to do an artide on the poet It 
is Om Puri’s gentle depiction of the professor 
that draws us so deeply into las journey. 

Deven's repealed attempts to obtain an inter' 
view with Nur are initially fr u strated by die 
jealous interference of Nor’s second wife, 
played by the hypnotic Shabana Azmi. The 
interview finally takes place in a brothel, dis- 
turbed by cackling courtesans and the drunken 
carryings on of Nor's “admirers." Defeated by 
circumstances and by the knowledge of Nut’s 
impending death, Deven returns home 
handed. But at the film’s end Deven 
package from Nor. In it are the poet's last 
verses, which are now in Deven’s custody. 

“I have always wanted to do a film about 


Urdu," Merchant said, “a Ueguage tim am- 
dou£ grand, poetic and spmalm Northern 
£dU Shi fotMusSms and Hindus. Mer- 
"2r n , p—w an sneaking Urdu as the son erf a 
devout Mushm in Bombay ‘ The Urdu lan- 
guage helped create a crvflized wwW for- many; 
Sons tofodia, which is now bong threat- 
ened. It will soon disappear. .... 

The film's Urdu is exquisitely served by the 
msyestie and mournful poetiy of the famous 
Urfu poet, Faiz Ahmad Fa& verera tf which 
arequoted extensively throughout the film. 

Tie film ends with the arresting unage of 
Professor Deven holding his book of vase next 
to his heart as he looks down upon tire funerary 
procession for Nur. it is a powerful image npoa 
which much of the film rests. ■ 

The concept of custody is complicated for 
someone like this director, whose reputation has. 
been bufli through meticulous adaptation of lit- 
erary works. The choice to traMtoteDesaTs' 
En glish screenplay into Urdu with English trans- 
lations (the novel was also written m English) 
underscored this point Given these layers of. 
translations, at what paint does a film become 
the work of the filmmaker? Several questions 

arise from the film: Who really has custody over 

art? What does it mean to have custody? What 
responsibilities are entailed? 

ans wers these que stions in p art by the 
failure of the professor to successfully complete 
his interview with Nur. It is a c ombinatio n of the 
poefs resistance, circumstance and the profes- 
sor’s lack of knowledge that makes it impossible 
for him to “capture" the poetiy on tape. 


I Si ^ 1 


Alexandra Viets Is a writer based in India. 


en aunt. Mantle auditioning for Miss Maiple 
and only Brook as the twittering: doomed May 
having any apparent sense of AcklancTs special 
and peculiar gift: the ability to inspire a feeling 
of uneasiness. Elsewhere, not enough arsenic, too 
much old I a<y , 


Ismail Merchant 



among its options or objectives. 

“The Old Ladies" (at the Greenwich) has a 


•knj WMKs/Cjoen ftm 


•Spill 1 




6 The Paper’: Kinder, Gentler, 
A New Edition of ‘Front Page’ 



By Maureen Dowd 

New York Times Service 


N 


EW YORK — Fust, a 
disclaimer. It would not 
be proper to write about 
Ron Howard's new 


movie, “The Paper." a romp 


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through 24 hours in the manic life of 
a New York tabloid, without noting 
that the film takes an extremely dim 
view of The New York Times. 

Tbe reporters at the tabloid. The 
New York Sim (“It Shines for 
All”), are fun, hard-working, casual 
types. But the uptown rival New 
York Sentinel, as the Times is 
called, is portrayed as the sort of 
place where snotty overbred re- 
porters arrange themselves neatly 
according to a w»iwtg chart, wear 
bow ties and braces, cry when they 
miss a story and speak foreign lan- 
guages into their headsets. 

WdL,/«7nc ma bauche, as we like 
to say around here At least How- 
ard doesn’t have us ripping iced- 
ddm-decaf-lattes while we babble 


No hard feelings. At least the 
battered business is getting the 
glossy Hollywood treatment It’s 
been a long time since Dustin Hoff- 
man and Robert Redford brought 


down Richard Nixon in “AD the 
President’s Men," back in 1976, or 
since Paul Newman outfoxed the 
less- than- scrupulous Miami re- 
porter played by Sally Field in 
“Absence of Malice,” in 1981. 

Suddenly, newspaper movies are 
a growth industry. “The Paper," 
with an all-star ensemble cast bead- 
ed by Michael Keaion, Glam Close, 
Robot Duvall and Marisa Tornri. 
opens here on Friday; Denzel 
Washington plays a Washington in- 
vestigative reporter in ‘The Pelican 
Brief"; Jennifer Jason Leigh plays a 
hard-boiled, fast-talking reporter in 
“The Hudsucker Proxy,” and Julia 
Roberts and Nick Nolle {day spar- 
ring and spooning newsbounds for 
competing Chicago papers in “I 
Love Trouble," (toe in June. 


•Kfe&lGv- -e I*;.:*-.: 




■-} j 


, .;V ’ 




•- ? V; V : :;V v: 


? ,,, ,■■■ 


The new movies seem to be try- 


ing to capture some of the glamour 
of tbe old newspaper yams, which 
dished up wisecracks and romance 
along with deadlines. Who can for- 
get seeing that first bristling shot of 
Hepburn and Tracy in the 1942 
film “Woman of the Year," where 
they played an elegant political col- 
umnist and an earthy sports cohun- 
nist who bump into rod) other in 
their editor’s office? 

Tbe actress hiked up hex skirt to 
smooth her stocking just in time to 
get an appreciative look from Tra- 


MKSTBSMM 


BMSSm DE ROODS ifflJW 


$ 


THOUMIEUX 

SpedoHltoi of Ihe South-Wtst. C onto da 
ujuJ & anaautef m confa de rarord Alt 
aon£bamd- Opon everyday urt4 imdntghi, 
79 me Tel.- (t) 47.05.4975. 


Michael Keaton (left) on the set of " The Paper" with director Ron Howard: “Taint 'em today, make 'em look good on Saturday. ” 


cy, and an and life were off and 

iffiimring- 

Of course, the most famous news- 
paper movie — and the one that 
added sex to scoops — was “His 
Girl Friday." the 1940 Howard 
Hawks remake of the Hechl-Mac- 
Arthur dastic about a Chicago tab- 
loid, ‘The Front Page," in which the 
Eddy Johnson character became a 
woman in the form of veteran career 


gal Rosalind Russell, adding a 
whole new dimension to her rda- 

» with ha- editor and ex-hus- 
alter Bums. 

But unlike "The Hudsucker 
Proxy” and "I Love Trouble,” 
which look back to “His Girl Fri- 
day" for inspiration, “The Paper” 
is a newfangled breed that is de- 
pressingly realistic: a kinder, 
gentler newspaper movie, domes- 


ticated. detoxed and defanged. 

In the film, Michael Keaton 
plays Henry Hackett, the metro 
editor of a New York tabloid. (The 
word “tabloid” is never mentioned 
in tbe movie, for fear senative souls 
will be turned off by mistaken asso- 
ciations with die Florida-based 
tabloids that offer celebrity dish, 
extraterrestrial exploits and politi- 
cal features with headlines like 


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FF 295 md. dam® and dmdng. 

Pub Hton 18. or. Sudan. TaL 4273 92.00. 


Open 7/7. JN RMS, CAWS BA* S NEVBt FAX 
lira* du McntThobor. TaL- 42.60.6006 


CHEZ FRED 


By Charles Games. Illustrated. 
195 pages. 820. The Atlantic 
Monthly Press. 

Reviewed by Christopher 
Lehmann-Haupt 


foot (63-meter) Starcraft Islander 
boat, a sea kayak, a windsurfer, a 
small sailboat, an inflatable raft, 
mountain lakes, water skis, fishing 
tackle, a pant kite, wet suits and 
marketing gear, board games and a 
footbaJL” 


SAVANNAH 


RESTAURANT 

TRAJTEUR 


For ow 8 yean An uniaue cosraapoldDn 
leAuerl hoi been waring oetaSfc ik Sam 


One d fa aided bbfeat d fan*. 

French frodflend c oohna. 1 90 bo bd. Wreira. 
Reurctam. TeL: (1| 4574.20.48 


I T was not exactly as Thoreau 
had done it As Charles Gaines 
writes in “A FamOy Place," his 
evocative account of building a 
house m the country to get away to: 
“Tboreau’s sole source of enter- 
tainment at Walden Pond outride 
his thoughts and his writing wore 
several books he took with torn, 
chiefly Homer’s 'Iliad.' We would 
take that book and others, too, for 
our entertainment, but also a 21- 


Moditananecm & other jumry parti a( the 
world. Regular crowd, jazz a elauical 
idedton. 27. Rue Denarin. Rev *379 4S77 


DAMEOPATACCA 


YUGARAJ 

Haled as lie bed Indian mraurenl n Francs 
by ti»e |amfa g^ je n jo ircandnonntfl . Id, rue 


Tiadenra. Red. (annus for (un (gad, music t 
hUan 00153 Roma Fiax.99.T.: 58331066 


UEMUNKHE-U PETIT ZINC 

Ttw IVva Famous bflaunnh 

Facing Egtqe SlOennaindesMs. TradSiand 


KERVANSARAY 


But the idea was more or less the 
same. Gaines and Patricia EDisor 
were married when they were both 
students at Birmingham Southern 
College. They had been each oth- 
er’s planets, rearing three children 
and Irving in Ireland, Iowa. Wis- 
consin, Alabama and New Hamp- 
shire, as the author learned to write 
and his wife worked at painting. 


years before we could dose that 
box again.” 

He wrote a best-selling exercise 
book. “Pumping Iron,” and there 
were elaborate hunting and fishing 
excursions, and trips to Greece. It- 
aly and France. 

“For some reason, I was having 


suits made for me by a fancy little 
tailor in New York and Patricia 


But then Gaines's first novd was 
sold to the movies and “tbe three 
months of filming in my hometown 
of Birmingham opened a Pandora's 
box for Patricia mid me, and it was 


tailor in New York and Patricia 
was shopping at Herrofcs. For some 
reason, our supper bills were sud- 
denly in three figures, and we 
would find ourselves sitting around 
big, crowded tables at Elaine's or 
Dan Tana's ordering fried squid at 
midnight in a hubbub of movie and 
literary talk, starlets practicing 
English accents, and people bub- 
bling out of tbe bathrooms with 
wired eyes and tittle white powder 
mustaches.” 

He notes that “all of us had felt 


... the cold stomach knot of 
dread that comes when a family 
that is everything to each other first 
springs a leak and the world starts 
pouring in.” 

So he decided to fulfill a dream 
of building a “walled garden" to 
protect his family. In the summer 
of 1 990, he and Patricia bought 160 


acres (65 acres) of undeveloped 
land on the northeast coast of Nova 


“More Folks Recognize Lassie 
Than Their Own Congressman" — 
the actual results of a National En- 
quirer poU. which revealed that 89 
percent recognize Lassie, while 
only 22 percent knew tbrir congres- 
sional representative.) 

Hackett does Dot have tbe hilari- 
ously wicked ways of Walter Bums, 
who believed, as the movie said, that 
“getting tbe stray justified anything 
short of murder” and who sighed 
happily at one point, “1 never dou- 
ble-crossed a governor before." 

Tbe most devious thing Hackett 
does is steal a stray off the desk of a 
New York Sentinel editor — 
played with Waspy waspishness by 
Spalding Gray — - during a job in- 
terview at the Times look-alike pa- 
per, a scene that was shot at a 
Morgan Stanley investment bank- 
ing office, to achieve tbe proper 
exalted tweediness. 

Except for that one bit of raffish 


Tuiiirfi & fall ipockifttov bbsttr bar. b «s 
seafood raMourant. I tf Boor. Wdilenlr.9. 
TeL- 5128&13. Air andfened. 80m. Op-a. 
Noot 3 an. & 6 p-BV-lcun., excepi Sunday. 


aiUfao. Good value tor money MenSonecJ wl- siimms. 
In every guide. II, rue .Soinl-BenoU. Ncxn3 am. S 
I.: 4261 1270. Open omiy day unli 2 am. OpenhcMayi 


BEST SELLERS 


land on the northeast coast of Nova 
Scotia. Tbe Gaineses would invite 
their children and friends to help 
them build a cabin on the land the 
next summer. The place would be 
the center of a renewed family life. 
He would simplify, simplify. 

“A Family Race” is an account 
of their adventure, in the rich tradi- 
tion of Tboreau’s “Walden,” Wi- 
told Rybczynskfs “Most Beautiful 
House in the World" and Tracy 
Kidder’s “House," among many 
other books. Gaines is particularly 
adept at describing physical pro- 
cesses: (be laying of a foundation. 


itmtbS$rym«e 

IMUrf WH|pV>Wt a» Mi 1W W*h U — P-l 

LIVING IN THE U.S.? 
Now Printed in 
new idrk 
For Same Day 
Delivery in key Cities 

TO SUBSCRIBE. CALL 

1 - 800-882 2884 

(IN NEW YORK, CALL 212-752.3890) 


The New YoA TTmes 

This list is based on reports frafl more than 
Z000 bookstores tbrougboat the United Stales. 
Weeks on list arc not necxsnriFy consecutive. 
FICTION 

Hit Lai Wccb 

Week Wk <aU* 


cesses: (be laying of a foundation, 
tbe raising of a roof, tbe installing 
of an “indoor outhouse." 


I ACCIDENT, by DameUc 
Steel I 

Z DISCLOSURE, by \ficbad 
Crichton 2 

3 THE BRIDGES OF MADI- 

SON COUNTY, by Robert 
James Waller — 3 

4 SLOW WALTZ IN CEDAR 

BEND, by Robot lames Wal- 
ler 4 

5 LIKE WATER FOR CHOC- 
OLATE. by Laur a Esqurwd .. 6 

6 THE CELE5T1NE PROPHEr 

CY.bv James Rcdficld 15 

7 FAMILY BLESSINGS, by La 

Vyrfc Spe nc er 5 

8 FATAL CURE, by Robin 

Cook — — ■ — 7 

9 THE CAT WHO CAME TO 

BREAKFAST, by UBan Jack- 
son Braun * 

H SAREK. by A C. Crispin — 9 

11 RAMA REVEALED, by Ar- 
ihurCOaike and Gentry Lee 13 


12 BAD LOVE, by Jonathan Kri- 

lerman 10 

13 ROGUE WARRIOR D:i£d 

CdL by Richard Mscmko 
and John Weisman 

14 SMILLA'S SENSE OF 

SNOW, by Peter Hoee 

15 HONOR SOUND, by W. E 

B. Grinin ... 14 


NONFICTION 


9 MIDNIGHT IN THE GAR- 
DEN OF GOOD AND EVIL, 

by John Berendi 

18 HOW WE DIE by Sberwin B. 

Nulled — 

1 J LEAVING HOME by Art 

BucfawaU 

12 REENGINEERING THE 
CORPORATION, by Michael 
Ha mm* and James dumpy . 


13 ANN-MARGRET: MySlocv. 
bv Ann-Maigm with Todd 


1 EMBRACED BY THE 
LIGHT, by Betty J. Eadie ..... I 

2 THE BOOK OF VIRTUES, 

bv William J. Bennett 2 

3 SOUL MATES, by Thomas 

Moore — 3 

4 WOULDN’T TAKE NOTH- 
ING FOR MY JOURNEY 
NOW. try Maya Arockn — 4 

5 A DRINKING LIFE by Pete 

Hamill 9 

6 THE HIDDEN LIFE OF 
DOGS, by Elizabeth Marshall 6 

7 HAYING OUR SAY. by Sa- 
rah and A. Elbabcih Ddauy 
with Amv Hill Hearth.— — 10 

8 SEIN LANGUAGE- bv Jcny 

Setsfeid 5 


by Ann-Maigm with Todd 


14 WOMEN WHO RUN WITH 
THE WOLVES, by Clarissa 

Pinkola Esrts 

JS MY LIVES, by Roscanne A r- 


ADV1CE. HOW-TO 
AND MISCELLANEOUS 


1 MAGIC EYE. by N. £ Thing 

Enterprises I R 

2 MEN ARE FROM MARS. 

WOMEN ARE FROM VE- 
NUS. bv John Gray 2 42 

3 STOP THE INSANITY! by 

Sosan Pewter ... 2 20 

4 AGELESS BODY. TIME- 
LESS MIND.by Dccpak Chc^ 

pia — 4 33 


He manages to infuse tbe quotid- 
ian with drama. He makes of his 
summer a stage on which co explore 
his troubled past, especially his 
bond with his alcoholic lather. 

Near the beginning of his book, 
to a scene told in the present tease. 
Gaines implies that an excess of 
family life was what wounded his 
father. “Working hard for his wife’s 
family and not liking it. along with 
drinking too much red whiskey, has 
given him an ulcer, a self-inflicted 
wound that will almost kill him.” 

The experience Gaines recounts 
in “A Family Place” does put 
something to rest inside him. Some- 
thing deep has been resolved, and if 

be never precisely defines what it is. 
be does idl a stray that imitates tbe 
action of healing. 


prove that two young black, men 
were falsely arrested for a murder 
that appeared racially motivated 
and trying to integrate his personal 
and work life in a way that will 
please bis hugely pregnant report- 
er-wife, played by TomeL 

In “The Paper," the Keaton 
character actually yells “Stop the 
Presses!” one night after he ferrets 
out new information proving that 
the two teenagers were wrongly ac- 
cused. (“If you haven't seen presses 
nmning to person, ya oughta check 
it out,” the script gushes.) 

But the anylhing-goes “Front 
Page” sensibility is expressed only 


by Keaton's newsroom nemesis. 
Close, who announces that she is 


Cose, who announces that she is 
“OD-ing on righteous indignation" 
and barks, “We taint ’em today, we 


n-. 




Christopher Lehmonn-llaupi 
the staff of The New York Tun 


Rosalind Russell, Cary Grant, Billy Gilbert in “ His Girl 
Friday, ” Howard Hawks's version of “ Front Page. ” 




o* 


#l(j 7 

m t I i 


I I M--. 
I ' 






H - ■ . iJW. 1 “ 


* .. . 


Andy SdmiUfVtnvTTsil PicUra 


make ’em look good rat Saturday. 
Everybody’s happy.” 

Duvall plays a gritty editor in 
chief whose smoking, d rinking and 
womanizing have made him “the 
picture of coronary distress,” as die 
sc ri pt p ote i£ be tries J o reconcile 

learns he^K^ncw^t has given 
him “a prostate the sire of a hageL” 

Randy Quad is a wacky, gun- 
toting columnist who races around 
in a Mercedes with a flashing tight 
on top and gets into bar fights with 
Qty officials he’s mocked. 

The script at “The Paper” is by 
David Koepp, 30. the hot screen- 
writer whose credits include “Carf^ 
to’s Way" and co-writing “Jurassic 
Park” with Michael Crichton, and 
by Koepp’s 37-year-old brother, 
Stephen, the editor of tbe nation 
section al Time m a gazine 

The fictional paper is based on 
the New York Post and the New 
York Daily News. Howard and the 
actors spent time with editors and 
reporters from both papers before 
filming began, hanging out at the 
Lion's Head with Pete Hamill . “At 
one point 1 said, 1 don’t thmk we 
should put the word ‘tabloid' in, 
because I felt people would imme- 
diately just think of The National 
Enquirer or The Star," the director 
said. 

Close said she does not read the 
New York tabloids or many other 
newspapers. Tm not a news freak 
at afl," she confessed. “So much 
m/onnatics! coming at us all the 
time is not healthy, it's so anxiety- 
provoking.” Bat she said she was 
pleasantly surprised when she sat 
in on a Daily News editorial board 
meeting and found, morbid jokes 
and irreverent cracks aside, “They 
did seem to have a certain amount 
of idealism." 




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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


Page 11 


ADVERTISEMENT 



.< .. . 

V"' ' " V , ‘ A ; .v V jf... v . ■ *1 


Singapore Inc. Invests Its Assets in the Region 


A 


s part of its am- 
bitious drive to 
develop a strong 
external econo- 
my by the end of the centu- 
ry* Singapore recently an- 
nounced plans to increase 
investment in the newly de- 
veloping economies like In- 
dia. Burma, Cambodia, 
Vietnam and Sri Lanka - 
nations that have traditional- 
ly lagged behind Asia’s 
front-runners. 

This new strategy entails 
spending roughly 30 percent 
ro 35 percent of the nation’s 
foreign-exchange reserves 
on development projects in 
these emerging economies 
over the next 10 to 15 years. 
Given that Singapore has the 
world’s largest foreign-ex- 
change stockpile after Tai- 
wan, then? would .seem to be 
plenty of cash to spread 
around. 

It is not difficult to grasp 
why “Singapore Inc.” feels 
the urge to expand overseas. 
Neighboring countries can 
provide what Singapore 
lacks: abundant, low-cost la- 
bor and land. In return, re- 
cipient countries can expect 
to benefit from Singapore’s 
capital, expertise, technolo- 
gy and management skills. 

During a recent trip to In- 
dia, Singapore Prime Minis- 
ter Goh Chok Tong an- 
nounced that this new strate- 
gy meant his government 
would slowly move away 
from the existing policy of 
putting the country's re- 
serves into relatively safe, 
blue-chip investments. 

He emphasized, however, 
that SingapQre will move 
with extreme caution. In the 
beginning, only about 2 per- 
cent to 3 percent of the 
country’s reserves will be 
invested in emerging coun- 
tnes,a*^tbeseftm^wiij be 
aJiocateH In safe economic 


sectors. The percentage will 
increase as Singapore gains 
experience in these new 
ventures. Possible projects 
include the construction of 
hotels and other tourist facil- 
ities, airports, highways and 
general industry. 

Mr. Goh pointed out that 
political and social consider- 
ations would also be exam- 

One-third of 
foreign exchange 
reserves will be 
spent on 
development 
projects 


ined before large-scale pro- 
jects were undertaken. As an 
example, he said that pay- 
back on the construction of 
new highways or power sta- 
tions might be hampered by 
the local population's un- 
willingness to pay tolls or 
increased electricity charges. 
The building of warehouses 
and container freight sta- 
tions in port development 
projects could be a better 
business opportunity in 
some countries. 

The government is quick 
to clarify that such invest- 
ments should not be looked 
upon as foreign aid from 
Singapore, as they will be 
assessed strictly from a busi- 
ness point of view to ensure 
adequate return on invest- 
ment. 

In order to jump-start its 
regional investment drive, 
the Singapore government 
has committed $250 million 
to the newly created Asian 
Infrastructure Fund (AIF), 
established for the express 
purpose of. channeling in- ; 
vestment into regional pro- 


jects. With a target of $761 
million over 10 years, about 
half die fund is expected to 
be spent in China, with the 
bulk of the remainder going 
to Indonesia, Malaysia. 
Thailand, the Philippines 
and Taiwan. 

The AIF will invest a 
maximum of 580 million on 
any single project, and aims 
to provide equity holders 
with a 20 percent to 25 per- 
cent return on investment. It 
will concentrate on telecom- 
munications, transportation 
and power projects, but does 
not rule out involvement in 
property and environmental 
services projects or other re- 
source developments. 

The fund is a typical ex- 
ample of government- pri- 
vate sector cooperation in 
Singapore. The AIF is co- 
managed by the American 
Internationa] Reinsurance 
Group - which launched the 
AIF with an initial invest- 
ment of $1 00 million - and a 
new government company 
called Singa Infrastructure 
Management. The chief fi- 
nancial advisor is Moeen 
Qureshi, Pakistan's former 
caretaker prime minister and 
ex-Worid Bank chief of op- 
erations, who is believed to 
have been a key player in 
bringing together American 
International and the Singa- 
pore government. 

Another $25 million of the 
initial investment will come 
from one of Beijing's largest 
state companies, the China 
International Trust and In- 
vestment Corporation. The 
rest is from major American 
pension and endowment 
funds with subscribers that 
include General Electric, the 
University of California and 
Princeton University. 

More than $400 million 
has been committed so far. 
Fund managers are hoping 



Often called fndia 's Silicon Valley. Bangalore is home to many high-tech companies. 

Bangalore Technology Park 


A 


nnouncing plans 
to invest in the 
Indian subconti- 
__ nent, the Singa- 

pore government recently 
revealed its intention to hind 
and develop a 58 -acte high- 
lecb industrial m 

Whitefield, a suburb of Ban- 
galore in southern India. 

Scheduled to open m late 

1995, the Bangalore Infor- 
mation TechnoJogy Park 
will compnse factory, office 


The project moved rapidly 
from conference table to the 
drawing board and funding 
stages. The first step was the 
formation of a six-member 
consortium called Informa- 
tion Technology Park In- 
vestment (ITPI)* a Singa- 
pore-based company that 
will own 40 percent of the 


AT&T and IBM 
win cviiif‘*~ * — ■" t are expected to be 
^r^of mSacmring the anchor tenants 

companies engaged m de^ 


par 

Sin 


ironies, computers 

“!sas«s^s 

AT&T and IBM are expect 
al to be the anchor tenants, 

but other slotal tecto*^ “a^ber 

companies ^flaye ^ Indian farmers 

E resse l!li^„,s. Motoro- are the huge Tata mdustnai 


■k. ITPI comprises three 
,_ngapore government- 
finked companies in addi- 
tion to private investors, in- 
cluding the Singapore-Indi- 
" ‘ r of commerce 


& Instruments. Motoro- 
la and Siemens 


ground-breaking speech, 
Mr. Goh noted that the 
speed of the park’s progress 
is testimony to India's deter- 
mination to open up its 
economy. 

Bangalore, the capital city 
of Karnataka, was a natural 
choice for the technology 
park. Often called India's 
Silicon Valley, the city is 
home to more than 100 
computer hardware and soft- 
ware companies, including 
Texas Instruments, Hewlett- 
Packard and IBM. Mean- 
while. communications gi- 
ant Motorola produces com- 
ponents for mobile radios as 
well as cordless and cellular 
telephone systems. Banga- 
lore first gained its reputa- 
tion as a high-tech industrial 
center when India’s space 
program was based there 10 
years ago. 

India's computer manu- 


t group, with a 40 percent . r — 

and Siemens. f share, and the Karnataka factoring industry may still 

With a projected g[ate g0V emment, with a 20 be small when compared to 

$157 n1li,, ? n ’-?l:id d 0 f Sin- percent share. its Asian neighbors, but its 

park is the brainchild of Sin; conception to the “ 

beginning of construction 
took just six months, a virtu- 
al miracle in India, where 
red tape can delay projects 
years. During his 


nark is the bnuncmiu u. 

Prime Minister Goh 
ChSk Tong nnd fndMn 
Prime Minister P-V. Nara 
^h a Rao.hwfongm“lly 

conceived during a 

meeting in Jakarta 


fight to catch up seems to be 
producing results. In 1986, 
software exports totaled just 
$24 million; last year that 
figure surpassed $350 mil- 


for 


lion. 


. n W3S produced in its entirety )y the supplements division of the In- 

This advertising sectren p^dv^sing department. • It was written by Joseph R. Yo- 

writer based in Singapore. 


to increase the amount still 
further by attracting private- 
sector investors in Singa- 
pore, who will be asked to 
contribute a minimum of 
$10 million each. 

Numerous countries in the 
region are eager for Singa- 
pore’s involvement Follow- 
ing close on the heels of Sin- 
gapore’s recent commitment 
to establish a $156 million 
technology park in India, the 
New Delhi government has 
noted Singapore's expertise 
in low-cost property devel- 
opment and hopes this skill 
- as well as finance - can be 
channeled into new housing 
projects in India. Singapore 
has also accepted a request 
from the Vietnamese gov- 
ernment to assess that coun- 
try's infrastructure needs. 
As a start, technical and 
management training of 
Vietnamese officials has be- 
gun, funded by Singapore's 
Indochina Assistance Fund. 
Vietnam recently dispatched 
an eight-man delegation to 
Singapore to seek the island 
republic's help in overhaul- 
ing Hanoi's transport sys- 
tem. 


Cambodia has invited Sin- 
gapore experts to draft blue- 
prints for a new airport near 
Phnom Penh and to help 
with the renovation of the 
seaport at Sihanoukville. 
Burma has requested Singa- 
pore's help in opening up its 
economy and working to- 
ward a representative gov- 
ernment to enable the coun- 
try to rejoin the global com- 
munity . 

In another major move, 
the Singapore government is 
setting up a $95 million ven- 
ture-capital fund to assist lo- 
cal companies to expand re- 
gionally. The fund will fo- 
cus on small and medium- 
sized companies that have 
potential, but may not be 
able to get funding from tra- 
ditional sources because, for 
example, they lack a proven 
track record in a specific 
country or industry. The 
fund will provide low-cost 
seed money in return for eq- 
uity participation. 

The Singapore govern- 
ment often declares that its 
experience in investing re- 
gionally is limited. Through 
various government-linked 



Other Asian countries cm provide the low-cost labor and land Singapore lacks. 


companies, however, Singa- 
pore has been racking up 
Overseas experience for 
nearly a decade. The invest- 
ment pace has quickened 
considerably over the last 
year. 

As far back as 1984, the 
Pidemco property company, 
which has government ties, 
became closely involved in 
drawing up a master plan for 
the development of Fujian 
province in China. Pidemco 
has a stake in two mixed de- 
velopment projects in 
Fuzhou and Xiamen, which 
have a combined value of 
$93 million. 

Last year, the overseas 
arm of the Singapore Labor 
Foundation spearheaded a 
consortium of Singapore 
companies that is develop- 
ing a huge industrial town- 
ship in China's Suzhou 
province. A massive joint 
venture with the Suzhou 


municipal government, the 
70-square-kilometer project 
will eventually house 
600,000 people and cost an 
estimated $20 billion. 

On a smaller but still quite 
significant scale, it was an- 
nounced early last year that 
Jirrong Environmental Engi- 
neering of Singapore will 
participate in a joint venture 
to construct a $700 million 
highway in China’s Sichuan 
province, a 240-kiiomeier 
(150-mile) link between Le- 
shan and Mianyang. A num- 
ber of other regional invest- 
ment projects have been an- 
nounced in the past four 
months involving compa- 
nies with links to the Singa- 
pore government. For in- 
stance, the Development 
Bank of Singapore (DBS) is 
setting up a branch in Bom- 
bay. DBS Land is getting in- 
volved in the construction of 
service apartments in Ho 


Chi Minh City in Vietnam. 
Straits Steamship Land, 
through a wholly owned 
subsidiary. Straits Green- 
field Development, will 
build and manage a 450- 
room hotel in Rangoon, 
Burma. 

Construction Technology 
(Contech), a wholly owned 
subsidiary of the Singapore 
government-controlled 
Temasek Holdings, has been 
made project manager of the 
largest-ever private residen- 
tial project in New Delhi - 
with 2,500 apartments as 
well as parks, schools and 
retail outlets. Jurong Envi- 
ronmental Engineering. 
Sembawang Industrial, 
Temasek Holdings and Sin- 
gapore Technologies Indus- 
trial Corp. are joining In- 
donesia’s Salim Group to 
build and manage a 1,000- 
hectare industrial park in 
Wuxi, near Shanghai. 



THE WORLD GETS SMALLER 

Voice, data and images traverse the globe — putting infor- 
mation in the hands of people who need it, when and where 
they need it ft makes for fierce competition. 

The growing challenge is to apply telecommunications tech- 
nology to create real business advantage. Better and faster. 
Singapore Telecom has established a reputation with more 
than 3,000 multi-national customers to do just that 
Providing value-added services from private networks to 
customised solutions. 

AS geared to helping defiver information where it counts. Next 
door, or on the other side of the world. 

THE CHALLENGES INCREASE 



Singapore 

Telecom 

Service first Always. 


Singapore Telecom Comcentre, 31 Bister Road, Singapore 0323 Teb 65-730 8018 Fax: 65-733 3008 
Singapore Teton USA Suite 500, 301 Riverside Avenue, Westport, CTD6880USA Teb 1-203-454 6818 Fax: 1-203-454 1923 




































































































mmM 

Bjpjftaa 

Lnf 




THE TRIB INDEX: 114.18fli 

280 We^S i JSS'SS ^ ,ndex * wmposS 

fayBloomberg Bu^N^^ilTsI =?({f 


. ;F^.2f M;:. s-i “if 

i *? r* . •.' - ' 

100 ^ 

«£ •” !.'f ■ xj;' "’. : '} >■< \ ■ ■' ' • C -- 

90 '■*•' ±at£jik Jji* V" ' V * - *t 1 ' 


Approx. »«gWng:K% 
Cfcise:r2a5sprw.:r2gj3 


110 .-■*■ ■ , X, * f ■"■' 

inn 




■ ' ■ ' • ‘ ■ ■■ ;.'*s 

> *"■.'■* ' . i.' .vrf 


Approx, weighing: 37% 
Close 114.47 Prw.: 113.74 


0 N 
1993 


North America 


Approx, weighting: 28% 
Close: 95.74 Prev.: 9532 


F M O 

1994 1993 


Latin America 


Appro*, weighting.- 5% 

Ctose: 131.73 Prev.: 13432 




0 N 
1993 

World Index 


F M ON 

1994 1993 


77u Max macs U.S. dcBar values of stocks in: Tokyo, Now York, London, and 
Argentina, Australia, Austria. Belgium, Brazil. Canada, Chfle, Denmark. Finland, 
France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Mexico. Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, 
Singapore, Spain, Sweden. Switzerland and Venezuela. For Tokyo. New York and 
London, the Max is composed at the SO top issues m terms at market capitalization, 
otherwise the ten top stocks ore tracked. 


1 1 industrial Sectors '' ]|j 


Tin. Prav. % 

dm tew* cbengt 


Tub. 

dm 

PltV. 

dm 

% 

dm e» 

Energy 

112.09 11227 -0.16 

Capital Goods 

114.96 

114.80 

+0.14 

UfflffaB 

127.47 126.43 rtX82 

Raw Materials 

122.53 

123.02 

-040 

Finance 

11736 11636 40.77 

Consumer Goods 

9939 

10034 

-035 

Services 

121.63 12133 -025 

Miscellaneous 

12933 

12938 

-035 

For more Information about the Index, a booklet is available free of charge. 

Write to Trib Index, 181 Avenue Charles de G auto. 92521 NeuRy Codex. Fiance. 


OMemationaf Herald rnbuna 


G-7 Fails 
To Find 
Solution 
On Jobs 

International Herald Tribune 

Hie world's leading industrial 
powers ended their first conference 
on unemployment on T uesday with 
an acknowledgement that the prob- 
lem was serious but without any 
agreement on specific plans to 
solve iL 

Lloyd Bemsen, the U.S. Trea- 
sury Secretary, said only that the 
meeting in Detroit was an “impor- 
tant first step” in addressing world- 
wide joblessness. 

He said that the issues raised in 
Detroit would be discussed further 
at the annual economic summit of 
Group of Seven countries — Brit- 
ain, Canada, France, Germany, It- 
aly, Japan and the United Slates — 
this summer in Naples. 

There was general agreement 
that economic recovery would not 
be enough to alleviate the jobs cri- 
sis, which is expected to see 35 
million people out of work by the 
end of the year in the 24 countries 
that are members of the Organiza- 
tion for Economic Cooperation 
and Development. 

Laura D' Andrea Tyson, who 
heads President Bill Clinton's 
Council of Economic Advisers, 
said there was a recognition that 
“cyclical unemployment can be- 
come structural since people who 
are unemployed for a long time 
cannot be easily re-employed.” 

Earlier in the conference, restat- 
ing their traditional positions, eco- 
nomics ministers from France and 
Germany reacted negatively to Mr. 
Clinton's call for measures to stim- 
ulate recovery such as cuts in inter- 
est rates. 

Edmond Alphandery, of France, 
said it was unrealistic to think that 
Europe could speed its recovery 
from recession. GQnter Rexrodt of 
Germany, rgected Mr. Clinton's 
suggestion that a Group of Seven 
committee be formed to study the 
jobs crisis, calling it “superfluous” 

Mr. AlphandSy and Mr. Rex- 
rod i did, however, agree with Mr. 
Clinton that Japan should do more 
to stimulate demand in its economy 
and open its markets. 

— ALAN FRIEDMAN 


Televising to a Continent 

Uphill Struggle lor Pan-Europe Stations 


By Erik Ipsen 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Fourteen and a half months into 
Europe’s brave new angle market, the concept of 
pan-European television broadcasting — of Pari- 
sians and Berliners tuning in the same shows at the 
same time on the same channel — remains far 
longer on promise than profit And its most ardem 
and committed believers are not the Europeans 
themselves but American broadcasters such as 
Cable News Network and MTV. 

In Frankfurt on Tuesday the most ambitious of 
the lot, NBC Super Channel, which bills itself as 
Europe's only continent-wide television station 
offering a broad mix of news and entertainment, 
trumpeted its first successes. It unveiled an admit- 
tedly modest list of advertisers, as well as research 
showing that its new program mix is making some 
headway with European viewers. 

The tightly targeted, niche channels such as MTV 
have demonstrated that the concept can work. What 
has remained elusive is the reality of reaching a 
broader European audience with a blend of news 
and entertainment and making money on it. “Pan- 
European media is certainly a concept that has 
developed more slowly than many would have pre- 
dicted/ conceded Tom Rogers, executive vice presi- 
dent and head of business development with Na- 
tional Broadcasting Cmp. in New York. 

The UJS, broadcasting giant, owned by Genera) 
Electric Co., plunked down a reported 523 million 
to buy Super Channel last October. NBC hopes 
that its mix of its own U.S. network's news and 
entertainment shows augmented with offerings it 


is buying in Europe can at last prove the Euro- 
skeptics wrong. 

It will not be easy. Detailed statistics on audi- 
ence size and demographics — the sort of numbers 
most advertisers regard as a must — do not exist, 
“Audience research at this stage is a bit of a 

'Audience research at this 
stage is a bit of a mishmash. 
Advertisers have still got to 
take this step on a wing and a 
prayer.’ 

Harry Reid, chairman, Ogilvy & 

Mather Europe 

mishmash," said Many Reid, chairman of Ogilvy 
& Mather Europe. “Advertisers have suH got to 
take this step on a wing and a prayer. 1 ' 

While Europe's politicians have formed a Euro- 
pean Union, the reality on the ground r emains far 
more one of national markets with their own 
cultural biases and even segments. London-based 
Super Channel, for instance, has targeted what in 
Britain are defined as the ABs — the top socioeco- 
nomic strata. 

“In the Netherlands the class system is much 
more education-oriented,” explained Julian 

See CHANNEL, Page 15 


OECD: an 'Unhappy’ Group? 


By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — The UiL-backed can- 
didate to become bead of the Orga- 
nization for Economic Cooperation 
and Development on Tuesday as- 
sailed the stewardship of Jean- 
Claude Paye, the current secretary- 
general. calling the organization 
“too bureaucratic and not respon- 
sive” to its 24 member nations. 

The candidate, Donald Johnston 
of Canada, president of that coun- 
try's governing Liberal Party, said 
in Paris that he had perceived “a 
greet sense of frustration” while 
meeting 20 ambassadors to the Par- 
is-based organization. U.S. offi- 
cials have said America supports 
Mr. Johnston for the OECD job. 

“The clients are unhappy," Mr. 


Johnston, 5 *7, said in an interview. 
He called Mr. Paye, who will soon 

“a°very fine man who lias had a 
distinguished career.” 

But while the quality of work 
done by the OECD was good, he 
said, “if it doesn't come out in a 
timely way, that’s no good.” 

As an example, Mr. Johnston 
cited the OECD's study of unem- 
ployment. which has been under 
way for 18 months. “This is a very 
important study, but if it had been 
done before. 1 doubt the jobs sum- 
mit in Detroit, as cast, would have 
proceeded," he said. 

Mr. Paye refused to comment on 
Mr. Johnston's remarks. But in 
what appeared to be a response to 
those who have found the OECD 
insufficiently activist under his ten- 


Kan tor Cites 
'Disrepair’ in 
Japan Trade Tie 


ure. Mr. Paye said he would like a 
mandate from member countries to 
siudy factors linking unemploy- 
ment and crime, drugs and other 
social problems. 

In an interview published Tues- 
day in a French newspaper and 
timed to coincide with the Group of 
Seven meeting on unemployment in 
Detroit, Mr. Paye said, “Giving us a 
mandate to study this link would 
seem to me a good thing.” When 
asked for data on the subject last 
week, the OECD said it had not 
looked at the issue in 2D years. 

Mr. Johnston said his credentials 
for the job included service as presi- 
dent of Canada's Treasury Board 
and stints as minister of economic 
and regional development and of 

See OECD, Page 14 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

WASHINGTON — US. Trade 
Representative Mickey Kanlor said 
Tuesday that U.S.- Japan economic 
links are in “serious disrepair” and 
that Tokyo must take big steps for 
trade negotiations to resume. 

“Our trade and economic relation- 
ship, a key priority of the Clinton 
administration, is in serious disrepair. 
This administration's approach to Ja- 
pan will be dehberaie and responsi- 
ble," Mr. Kanior said in prepared 
testimony to the House ways and 
Means subcommittee on trade. 

Mr. Kanior discounted the pos- 
sibility of a trade war but listed a 
series of trouble spots in trans- Pa- 
cific trade and pul Japan on notice 
that it was not doing enough to 
spur global growth through trade. 

“Recently Japan has misse d a 
number of opportunities to show a 
real interest in such a role,” Mr. Ran- 
ter said. “Japan win have to be dra- 
matically more forthcoming if we are 
to return to the negotiation table." 

His comments came as the Japa- 
nese government reported Tuesday 
that the country's stubborn trade 
surplus rose again in February. The 
trade surplus, unadjusted for sea- 
sonal factors, grew just over 3 per- 
cent, to $10.91 billion, last month 
from $10.57 billion in February 
1993, the Ministry of Finance said. 

Tokyo's trade surplus with 
Washington was $4.34 billion, a 
fraction less than $438 billion in 
February 1993. 

Mr. Kanior said it was question- 
able whether Japan will achieve 
‘“the highly significant decrease" in 
its current-account surplus that it 
pledged to accomplish last year. 
Current account measures trade 
both in merchandise and in such 
services as banking and tourism. 

“Japan's large current-account 
surpluses have served to remove 
stimulus from the economies of 
some of Japan's trading partners, 
including the United States," Mr. 
Kanior went on. “It serves as a 
drag rat global demand and slows 
the pace of economic expansion 
and job growth in other nations.” 

At the jobs conference of the lead- 
ing industrial nations in Detroit, Seii- 


chi Rondo, spokesman for the Japa- 
nese delegation, responded: “Our 
trading practices are not responsible 
for unemployment. A more open and 
free trading system is better for the 
economy and eventually will help 
fight unemployment,” 

Also Tuesday, the Commerce De- 
partment reported that the U.S. cur- 
rent-account deficit jumped by 
$4234 billion in 1993 to the highest 
level in five years, including a $3134 
billion imbalance in the final three 
months. The 1993 shortfall in the 
U.S. current account totaled 
$10934 billion, the largest gap since 
a $1273 billion deficit in 1988. 

(Reuters, AP, Bloomberg) 


Energy Costs 
Drive Up U.S. 
Price Index 

Compiled by Ow Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — U.S. producer 
prices rose 03 percent in February, 
lifted mostly by a 233 percent 
surge in heating oD prices as de- 
mand increased with cold weather. 

The so-called core inflation rate, 
which excludes the volatile food 
and energy components, rose just 
0.1 percent in the month, which 
prompted economists to call for 
even smaller PPI increases in com- 
ing months as the weather warms. 

“It is an encouraging figure," 
said David Sloane, an economist 
with the consulting firm IDEA Inc. 

He said the small core increase 
was surprising, given some indicar 
lions that prices were on the rise. 
Earlier this month, a jump in the 
price component of the National 
Association of Purchasing Man- 
agement index for February unset- 
tled financial markets. 

Separately, the Federal Reserve 
Board said industrial oatput rose 
0.4 percent in February. Capacity 

See DOLLAR, Page 14 



A Magazine’s Princely Debut 


By Erik Ipsen 

International Herald Tribune 

LONDON — Starting up a new magazine is 
almost invariably a dicey business. That is unless 
you can hold your inaugural press conference in St. 
James's palace, can claim Australia’s prime minis- 
ter, Paul Keating, as your first subscriber and can 
distribute photocopies of the lead editorial in that 
day's Times newspaper thundering that your mag- 
azine “deserves to succeed." 

“It certainly does make it easier," said Peter 
Murray, the publisher of the new glossy architec- 
ture magazine 'Terspectives,” which made its bow 
on Tuesday. 

Make no mistake about it, “Perspectives” is the 
new monthly magazine about architecture tot 
owes its existence to Britain’s number one archi- 
tectural critic, the prince of Wales. It is, after all, 
the prince’s own Institute of Architecture that 
finances the magazine and tot hopes to turn its 
profits on it into institute scholarships. 

In case you missed the point, there is the prince's 
crest — a crown and three plumes — on the cover 
next to (he tide. Also on to cover of the maiden 
issue: a picture of to prince himself transposed 
against to facade of Su Paul's CatodraL 

Then tore is the prince's article, ‘Tower to to 

proposal for an ultramodern addition to the Nation- 
IdGaflerV as a “monstrous carbuncle, the thrust of 
Ms article and mdeed of his magazine holds few 
Ponses. “I think it is a rather wady and vague 

the Roval Institute of British Architects. 

Tn S article the prince lambasts p anners and 


towns and countryside” but denies tot he is a 
nostalgia-crazed crackpot “Nothing could be fur- 
ther from the truth," he writes. 

Others retain their doubts. “We would not want 
to be affiliated with someone of those sorts of 
views," said Janine Furness, editor of “FX," an 
architecture and design magazine. 

The editors of “Perspective” were quick on 
Tuesday to put some light between their publica- 
tion and its benefactor. “It might sound strange 
sitting in St. James's Palace hearing me say it, but 
this is an independent publication, admitted Col- 
in Amery, chairman of Perfect Harmony Ltd. to 
company set up to publish “Perspectives." 

Befitting a magazine that scorns architects for 
their insensitivity to the opinions erf to people, 
“Perspectives" carries not one but two polls. 
There, however, it runs into trouble. While British 
adults dutifully turned thumbs down on modem 
architecture, children emphatically did not. 

In what it bills as the ]argest-ever sampling of 
children’s views on architecture the magazine got a 
bit of a shock. Asked if modem architecture should 
be “adventurous and different, even if it does 
shock and offend," 48 percent of the children 
polled actually said “yes," while only only 28 
percent said *na” “Children are more excited 
about novelty," Mr. Cruickshank said. 

Architecture is not the only thing getting a major 
boost in the first issue of to prince's new maga- 
zine. It also excels in raising to profile of the 
man’s own increasingly myriad activities. Winning 
mention in “Perspectives" are everything from the 
Prince's Institute of Architecture, to the work of 
his Business Leaders Forum in Sl, Petersburg, to 
an exhibition in Belfast of his own watercolors. 

Aimed at lay readers as opposed to architects, 
“Perspectives" first issue has a press ran of 75,000 
copies and will be sold on news stands across 
Europe. 


Adobe Offers 
$500 Million 
For Aldus 


Compiled by Our Stiff From Dispatches 

MOUNTAIN VIEW, California 
— Adobe Systems Inc. and Aldus 
Cotp„ two of the largest desktop- 
publishing software companies m 
the United Stales, said Tuesday that 
they planned to merge in a stock 
swap worth more than $500 min i on. 

Adobe is to exchange 1.15 shares 
of its common stock for each share 
of Aldus common stock. In addi- 
tion, Aldus and Adobe have agreed 
to the payment of a break-up fee to 
prevent unwanted suitors. 

Adobe's stock fell $135 a share 
in late Nasdaq trading to $3230. 
At tot price and at the exchange 
ratio, Aldus’s stock is valued at 
about $515 million. Aldus rose 75 
cents a share to $2625. 

“We are committed to achieving 
to cost savings necessary to make 
this transaction nondihitive in to 
first foil year of to combined oper- 
ations," said John Wamock, chair- 
man and chief executive of Adobe. 

Mr. Warnock, 53, is to become 
chairman and chief executive of to 
new company. Paul Brainerd, 46, 
president of Aldus, will become a 
member of the board erf to new 
company. 

The deal is intended to qualify as 
a tax-free reorganization and a pool- 
ing of interests for accounting pur- 
poses. (Bloomberg, Knig/a- JUdder) 


CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


March 15 

Cross Rates bj. w=. vm a Ptmo 

* fas W — lea* ua wh* « tw 

Amsterdam mob i *X H am- axis — ms ubi xa js-hb* 

Fnrirtw* use ass * — ~T, ,«<i 23UI ana iww ,aj * bum 

Loudon (a) \0B jj*®? J31* Him l«» ttM UW’IIUB 

Madrid miss WJBB a™ PT.10 47J71 MtUS UW UBS BIB 

Mtm liras vm J|» MU M.M \3tSt DMA 

STvortw — 1 2 r 5 2 «!• *• <251 SE 

— S S u* -5 «£ £?■ 

55 . s S IS S 5 5 - 

t.iw “I am IS SS S !5 ““ 

, a; Ta buv one pound, o. to w 
■ enrol table. 


t Deposits 

Saris 

D-Mark Franc 

Sterling 

French 

Franc 

Yen 

March 15 

BCU 

5fo4 

4 Kr4 V» 

5WSU i 

dWHWfe 

fflfc-2 Vi 

VUJMs 

3«Vr« «. 

3 Wr4M. 

5VW¥i 

H'A 

2 »w-2 *u 

ftWVi 

5A-5tt 


SV8-51A 


ZW2f» 


Stt-SVS 

3 WrO*. 

5 *V5 +» 

5 'hrS V. 

2 IV2 >. 



Sources: Reuters, Uords Bank. 

Rotas auetladdo to MmDank deposits of SI million minimum (or ewlvelem?. 


Other Dollar 

CHWCBC T wt 
Anentimn 
*l AotraLS 
▼ Antr.Ktfla 11J733 
tnnUon 731.10 
tNoeuyuon taa 
CacbkflfWKi 
DanUtiknm MM 
Eon*. Pound ASP 
Fin. markka SSM 


Values 

Ore#***- ^ 
HW»«* 

isr* 2 is: 

Kuwaiti *** 

Mater- 1-"** ‘■ WB5 


currency ■ *’»'* 
fkmLPeso ** 
N.ZflteandS 1SW 
Horw. km* *35* 

ML pen 

Ponsbuaty 2'BW- 

Port, acute 17440 

Boo-™* 1*400 
Saudi fly* 

Stoa-S lsm 


Currency I 
S.Atr. rand 
5. kot.mm 
SwfiLkrana 

Thai baM 
TarMsailni 

UAEiSTbcm 

VeMX-boav. 


Forward ****** «„ gSS.,,,, 7 S ‘SS’SS 

Comma I* 45 106.U ll*» MS* 

t.4348 Ij434fl . Banco cprrmwrdale (tofiorw 

'SSL ,T *”“ 


Key Money Rates 

tin Had States Cl we 

DbKMmtnde San 

Prime rate 8JI0 

Federal (uadi 3* 

SMUUtti CBS 324 

Comm, mer 180 don WB 

Smcwtn Trtosarv bill WS 

Vyear Treasury Ml <10 

Jifwh- T reasury note 4* 

5-year Treasury uote SB? 

T^raar Treasury note i05 

lfrwor Treasu r y note 444 

aumar Treasury temf 407 

Menu LypcMKteyB e oa r asset ru- 
Jaaau 

Discount rate 1% 

CM money 3* 

1-mOoft Inteftank 240 

J-nvwtto i n terb ank - 2 Vi 

t-awem MtertMBk VA 

HwrOownnnibMd 4 jU7 

Ctnnnay 

Lombard rote 6* 

Call money 195 

Vmeatb totertmtt 400 

3-analti tatertmak 5X5 

t-iMalft Merten* 5.70 

TO- roar Bona UM 


BWtule 

Bate base rate 

Cafl mo ney 

1 -moulti lulertn* 
j-montti interbank 

teMitt iBtefOaek 

1 Motu Gilt 


5H* SV» 
an. 480 
5 h 5U 
5* 5Vt 
5* 5* 

7JH 7.18 


France 

mtervcntleil rate 410 4W 

call money . . 

I-aumth interbank 6* ** 

3-moath interbank 4£ 

Hnontti Interbank 5*| 

B-year OAT 

Sources; ffeuter* Bloomberg. Merrill 
Lynch, Bank of Tokyo, Commenhank, 
Greenwetl Montagu, C/VtBI LWWJtfS. 

Gold 

4 UHL p-m. arae 
Znrtctl "A 38745 + UO 

London 384B 387-10 +46“ 

New York 3S7-S) 38748 +«“ 

US doba/s per ounce, London otfktat fir- 
ings; Zurich out New York opening and das’ 
lag prices/ York Comer (April) 
Source: Neuters. 


Banking Clients Have Always Expected 
Outstanding Personal Service. 
Today They Find It With Us. 


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Page 14 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


MARKET DIARY 


u.S./AT THE CLOSE 


Profit-Takers Bite 
Into Early Gains 


I via AHeemed Kw 


Dew Jones Averages 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


Metuto Industrials 

am PrOTfoax tx* L®** S* 1 ** 1 CS ^ B 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Blue-chip 
stocks slipped Tuesday in a market 
dominated by profit- taking and 
technical factors after an early up- 
surge prompted by positive infla- 
tion sews ran out of steam. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age feD 13.39 points, to 3,849.59. 

Volume rose to 303.28 million 
shares traded on Tuesday from 
260.16 miDion on Monday. 

Ia contrast to a number of recent 


U.S. Stocks 


sessions, firm bond prices failed to 
brake the downward trend in 
stocks. Dealers said that many in- 
vestors had moved to the sidelines 
ahead of consumer price data 
scheduled for release on Wednes- 
day. 

The Labor Department’s produc- 
er price index was published early 
Tuesday, showing a rise of 0.5 per- 
cent in February. But the so-called 
core rate, which exdudes the volatile 
food and energy components, post- 
ed only a 0.1 percent gain. 

The inflation report was viewed 
favorably by the bond market, 
where traders fear a rise in prices 
would cause the Federal Reserve 
Board to tighten credit soon. 

The price of the Treasury’s 30- 
year bond was up by 18/32 point, 
while its yield fell to 6.89 percent 
from 6.94 percent on Monday. 

The positive core inflation report 
fits in with longer-term forecasts of 


stable prices and a moderately 
growing economy, said AI Gold- 


man, market analyst for A.G. Ed- ' ggg 
wards & Sous Inc. 

“It’s nice to have inflation going 
our way,*' he said. ' 381 ‘ 

Bond analy sts had feared that a 
sharp rise in inflation would send ! . 
long-term Treasury bond yields ■ 
above 7 percent. Which could hin- 
der the bousing industry and con- 
sumer borrowing. 

Catdlus was the most active is- 
sue on the New York Stock Ex- - 35 ® 
change, down % at TA. A block of 
6.7 mil li nn shares in the real estate 
developer and manager, spun off 3300 
from Santa Fe Southern Pacific in 
1990, was traded at 7%. Last week, ; • 
Catellus said its fourth-quarter loss 
widened to $13.2 million from - 
$3.44 million a year earlier, reflea- M YSI 

mg property write-downs. The Cal- 

forma Public Employees Retire- q*** 
meat System has owned about 40 
percent of die company. 

Traders said that profit-taking at arr 
had eroded a number of market 
stalwarts, including General Mo- 
tora. which fell 1 K to 6114, McDon- «bm 
aids, which eased H4 to 60&, and Mm* 
Boeing, which fell 1 to 46%. emcs 

Bank stocks remained mostly 
higher on the static interest-rate JJTTJ 
picture and news from Che Federal 
Deposit insurance Corp. of record 
co mm e rc ial bank earnings in 1993. 

Citicorp rose Vs to 40, First Chicago ^ 
surged 2% to 4944, and First Into 1 - 
state rose 1% to 69%. snonavs 

Fenigo Co. tumbled 5 to 22% 
after a securities analyst downgrad- 
ed his earnings forecast for the 
firm. egg. 

(AP. AFX, Reuters) 



Standard A Poofs Indent 


ALUWUMUM tHfrft OratfC I “*« 

Spol 127200°° 127158 127UD 137X511 MOV 

Barnard JJOlJO UC 2 JM 1 296X0 177700 Jn 
COPPBR CATHODES (HM Grade) Jot 

iroj0 «■ 

Forwarf 195100 1W6J0O 194+00 1945X0 Oct 
LEAD HM 


• metric fon-fott of 1*0 tone 


InOMtrtals 

ujnmes 

»W 

, SP 100 


HM Low CtOM COM 
550.11 54+54 54705—099 
<22.97 41932 421X5 + 2X1 
14137 14021 14078 — 007 
4369 43J0 4331 4-031 
44099 44004 447X1 —030 
43140 431 Afl 432JB— 009 


gar«--H||n ^ 4** ss 

Wwrt 447X0 44000 44150 44+0* Feb 


pr 13050 13075 137.75 13775 + J75 

«V 137.73 1312S 137X0 137X0 +JJ0. 

n 137X5 13000 137-g l£-g 

ri 13000 137 JO 13075 13075 + 1X0 

M 14075 139J0 14075 14075 JITS' 

9 14275 14200 14275 143X0 +175 

d 14573 1405 14575 14000 + {XS 

n> 147X0 14075 147X0 IfflXO + US 

DC 150X0 14075 150X0 5000 + 1X5 

m 151X5 M9 JO 151-25 51X0 + {XS 

lb N.T. N.T. N.T. 150J0 +1X5 

or M.T. N.T. M.T. 149 JO +1X5 

E St. volume: 14X07 . Open ini. 109X71 


Amoco Corp. Hints at Restructuring 

CHICAGO (Rentas) - Amoco Corp. which has cut J600 mflhoa m 
aSSuoSpt, Mae a 1992 1 " " 

thatSges. in our optional 
m ^Swsary and appropihue lo manmiM our compennve 
|£££' wScgic plannings commin* saui: m a terns; a*. to 


NYSE Imtex* 


NICKEL Mar N.T. N.T. K.T. 149 JO +1 

5495X0 5505X0 E* V-un*.- >4X07. Op« M 109X71 

l^crc JP§£ warn 557000 ^Si^tSi^SUumugndta 
S*”' Wl— 542SIB HKOO Mn lS3! IS IS IS | 8 g 

For mj rd 54*500 5489X0 5475X0 500X0 Jim 1174 1139 1370 13.70 +070 

^CWCtolHWlGradrJ UM 13g 13X0 11X0 +M3 

SM 979X0°" 930X0 930J0 931 JO Sep 14X3 1370 UX3 14X3 +0X7 

Forward 947X0 940X0 949X0 950X0 Est. volume: 49X31 . Open lid. 140430 


“SiSS's^lit^sic structure 

Sn * mist be. Prospects for cnwi^priccs 
lw risovrifl be taken into account in plannmg, Amoco said. 


Composite 

Industrial* 

Trento. 

ut«tv 


S O/Jf i Sb 

1993 . .:?v 


259.93 25SJ7 25S.99 —0X2 
331X3 319J8 320.14 —045 
24873 24470 248X9 *174 
214X5 914,91 315X9 —075 
310X8 311.71 213X5 *1X4 


Financial 


Stock Indexes 


NASDAQ Indexes 


NYSE Most Actives 


VoL 


LOW 

Lari 

an. 

fTTri 

I- 

7ft 

7ft 

7ft 

—ft 

62ft 


40ft 

— ift 


42ft 


61ft 

♦ 4ft 

30155 

37ft 

36ft 

34ft 

• ft 

27819 

54ft 

5514 

54 

—ft 


Composite 

Industrie*! 

Bonks 


795X4 792.90 793X1 *1X1 
844X5 BA), 9* 842X5 *1X1 
464X0 48273 682X6 *0.73 
93374 91194 919J7 —0X9 
890X4 B8SJ4 080X4 *0X4 
803 22 799X9 779X9 *1.94 
149J3 14S7S 140X9 *0X1 


High Law Close Cboape . 

USPSP tsTUM.iwatumm Mm SmISS 

ET W M « W B V w H til 

& SS 5S SS tgS rnmme: ^749. oUf> ^48X44 

Mar 94X4 94X4 94X6 + 0.11 CAC40 (MATIFI 

Jn 94X7 9375 94XS + BX9 FF208 per tados PObrt ,, 

Sep 9374 9145 7376 + 0.12 MOT 226030 2233X0 BUH 

Dec 93X5 73X5 91*5 + 0.1D Apr 227BX0 jOOJO 2274X0 +»“ 

Mar 9119 93X7 93.18 + 0.13 Mcnr g46J0 2264 X0 ^9 JO +»» 

JBB 92X3 9270 9290 +0.12 Jim 22ti00 22335 0 2263X0 

Eat. vnJume.- 47J03L Open W.: 4*2X34. Sep 2Z7BX? 2260X3 35H +MX0 

3-MONTH EURODOLLARS CLIFFS) “f SlL fiVSn?*” 

51 milHnn - RN or 110 Pd Ed. volume: 28X57. Open ML: 4&VT9. 

Jan «A5 9SX4 9568 +00 Sources.- Motif. Associated Press. 


+ 0X9 FF208 per bum POtPt 


Mar 226&X0 2233X0 9K4IW +38X0 

rS OTEXO BCJO 2276X0 + 38X0 

Mm 2266J0 2266X0 2279 JO +3BX0 

Jun nun 2263X0 + 38J0 

sS 2OTX8 2260X0 22XUM +38X0 

DK Nj! MX *mSo +38X0 

Est. volume: 28X57. Op«fi ML: 65,919. 


52)4 97 tk 5214 +1 
■ffl’/u 394* 40 + ) 

29V4 281* 23W +W 

2944 29V* 294* *14 

17V* 17V4 179* +V* 

58 >4 5744 57V] _ 

Mb 6 6V* *Vh 

2214 31M 31 V4 — V* 

41V4 *09* 41 Wi — Vj 

22 21 21*4 +1* 


AMEX Stock Index 


OP 95X6 9575 9579 

MC 94X4 9*B 9*JB 

lor N.T. N.T. N44 

00 N.T. N.T. 906 

OP N.T. N.T. 9411 

Est. volume: 397. Ooeti bit.: 4761. 


linden Inn Financial Futures Exchange. 
94X8 + 0X3 Inti Pafrolcvm Exchanue. 

9*64 +0X3 1 

904 +SH| 

9413 +0X2 


Dividends 


KWi Low Lost 0*0. 
44440 444X7 <4413 *0X7 


3-MONTH EUROMARKS (UFFH) 
DMI mllHoa-ptsallMpa 


NASDAQ Most Actives 


Dow Jones Bond A 


VoL Hob Low Last 


Snaoavs 

Ventrlhc 

Ciscos 

Mtcstl 4 

Reoaiwn 

Amgen 

Biopen 

EICArt 

Appiec 


DOLLAR: Gains on Rate Ideas 


25ft 

22 

22M 

—5 

72 

70 

71ft 

+lft 

31ft 

30ft 

30ft 

+ ft 

24ft 

23ft 

14 


141a 

14ft 

14ft 

♦ ft 

22ft 

21ft 

lift 

—ft 

24 

23% 

lift 

■ 1 

25 

21ft 

33% 

—1ft 

77ft 

77ft 

78ft 

—1ft 

B5ft 

B3ft 

84ft 

+ 1 

12ft 

8ft 

Oft 

—4ft 

40 

38ft 

Wft 

—ft 

42 

37ft 

38ft 

—3 

27% 

14 

27 

-ft 

38ft 

371A 

37ft 

—Vi 

tt Actives 

Mah 

Low 

Loft 

□». 


30 Bonds 
10 Utilities 
10 Industrials 


DMI mllifea - Ms of 188 pd 
Jan 9440 945* 

5eP 94W 94X2 

Dec 95X8 9476 

Mar 99,15 95X2 

JUP 99X8 94M 

5<p 9473 9481 

Dec M75 9462 

Mar 94J0 7444 

Jim 9438 9430 

S*P N.T. N.T. 


Company 

+ 404 ,bb 

+ 005 

+0X0 Corporate HI YM 
+ 411 Corporate HIYM II 


EmeroMp Mkts Inco 
EmeroMktslnco H 


+ 0.14 Franklin Gib C?v 


4 OX* Senior HI incoPf fl 


Per Amt Pay Roc 
IRREGULAR 

M _ .1144 3-21 MO 

dll . .1048 3-21 330 

I Inca _ XI2S 3-23 3-31 

oil _ X125 3-23 3-31 

V . XM 3-14 3-31 

PI _ X6T3 >21 3^0 

►f II , X632 341 MU 


STOCK SPUT 


Est. volume: 131340. Open ml: 865X74 
3-MONTH FRENCH FRANC (MATIF) 

FFSmUMao-plsef isopo ESSi 5 El f SliJ- 

im Qd oc 9A7D 9424 4* (LA LVMH Most 2 fd 1 1 Split. 

uS Sm 94» MJ6 +aS PoctftcTeteaislahorrolAlrtouchComimtni- 


NYSE Diary 


4-02* cations for each share tieML 
+ 0,16 5tev*crt I rrfo Svc 3 for 2 spilt. 
+ 0X5 INCREASED 


Advanced 
Declined 
UnchaniKd 
Total Issues 
New Hint's 
New Lows 


1126 1159 

1010 w 

658 697 

279* 2805 

93 66 

79 » 


AMEX Diary 


7*28 33V* 32 32V* 

6855 47V* 46W* 469* 


D*C 9475 94M 947* +07* 

mar 94*3 9474 9484 + 0.16 

Jell 9479 9468 9478 + 0X5 

SOP 9463 9455 9163 —0X4 

Dec 9443 943B 9444 — 0.10 

Mar 9440 9421 9427 — 0X9 

BsL volume: 4&157. Open hit: 24TX77. 

LONG GILT (UFPE) 

854000 - pts a nods of too set 

Mar 11241 111-23 U340 +V12 

JW 1 12-05 110-19 1 13-01 +1-11 

500 N.T. N.T. 111-07 +V11 

Est volume: 7X844 Open int: 14X777. 

GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND OJFFE) 

DM 258XM - pts eflM pet 

Job 97X3 9476 97X8 +0X9 Crtrftmode inti 

Sep 9760 97X1 9764 +198 Fulton Fltd n 

fed. volume: 190X54 Onn Int.: 208X00. 


K3 185S INCREASED 

9444 —0.10 AmBuJKUno Malnt Q 

9427 —0X9 Central Ind Bncp Q .11 

• 24TX77 Nf? HealttiCOfw fi 

.. 3*1X77. roc communlttM . . 

Un*t*d Anal Q 

volley Resour Q .1 

CORRECTION 


.13 +15 54 

.1175 3G1 +13 
21 Ml M3 
JB 3-25 +15 
24 Ml +15 
.ITS 331 +15 


Metropolitan Rtty 
x-corroded amount. 


company to Keqi f.irnp iac m operation, im 
necessary after oil prices plunged and Norway i 
grant tax breaks requested in earlier proposals 
T3rnfi.dc, the world’s largest petroleum trai 
been onking into the Nmth Sea for years. 

i jT. « J bLrit.‘w.w M wJaL 


Contfamed from Page 13 


use rose to 83.4 permit from a 
revised 83 3 percent in January. 
Analysts said these figures would 
be of concern to Alan Greenspan, 
chairman of the Federal Reserve 


Foreign Exchange 


Board, when deciding on any 
changes in monetary policy. 

"Greenspan knows that current 
inflation is minimal,” said Astrid 
Adolf son, an economist with MCM 
Moneywatch. “What he is worrying 
about are measures of slack in the 
economy that show when we are 
coming to an mflntirtn threshhold." 

Foreign-exchange traders also 
saw the industrial output data as 
offering the Fed a dearer path to- 
ward raising interest rates, and they 
bid the dollar higher against most 
European currencies. 

The dollar rose to 1.6973 Deuto- 
cbemarks in late trading, compared 
with 1.6910 Monday in New York. 
The dollar rose to 5.7730 French 
francs from 5.7470, and to 1.4440 
Swiss francs from 1.4355. Sterling 
slipped to $1 .4906 from $1.4958. 

With a possible move toward 


lower German rates ahead, traders o>ev»t» 
said there was still a danger that the 
dollar was undervalued. 

But the US. currency drifted 
lower against the yen as uncertain- 
ty remained over the future of the ‘ ' 
trade relationship between the 
United States and Japan. 

The dollar slipped to 106. 130yen NYSE 
from 106.175 Monday. Am» 

(Reuters, AFX) mmiith 


4454 21M 19 


4228 43 

Alft 

42ft 

♦■i 

4124 13% 

12ft 

12ft 

—ft 

3854 1ft 

IV* 

1ft 


3780 26ft 

26ft 

24ft 


3513 26ft 

25ft 

24 

—ft 

3060 4>Vu 

Jft 


— v* 

2951 m 


1 

— %4 


Advmead 

Decflnad 


Fulton Fuel n 
OM NtlBkAuroro 


- XI 3-31 +15 

- .17 +23 7-15 

- 28 3-21 +1 


_ Tote* Issues 
_ NowHtons 
V* New Lows 


10-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BONDS (MATIF) 
FF3MX68- ptl OtlM Pd 
Mar 126X9 12568 13424 +068 

Jn U3JQ 12402 12478 +068 

Sop 13484 13438 12406 +0X8 

fest. volume: 277239. Open InL: 22X727. 


Market Series 


NASDAQ Diary 


Spot Commodities 


Advanced 

DecSned 


C ot a noddy 
AtumtnutTkR) 
Coffee, Brm* «» 


Couaor olegrotYtic lb 
Iron FOB. tan 


Total Issues 
New Herts 
New Laws 


Iran FOB. tan 
Lead, la 
Silver, tray as 
steal (scrap), ton 
Tin, lb 
ZkK.lti 



REGULAR 

M X608 3-21 320 
Q .11 +15 +29 
P XS 3-25 +8 

Q X5 3-31 5-18 

a 38 +6 +30 

Q 21 3-25 +22 

M X21 3-14 3-31 
M X53 3-14 +31 
M XS 3-14 +31 
M X516 3-21 3-30 
M XS 3-21 MO 
G 24 5-12 M3 

8 X73 +11 5-16 
.18 321 5-14 

8 J7 3-31 MB 
XS 3-25 Ml 




FVn fi<k, the world’s largest petroleum transportation complex, has 
been inking into the North Sea for years. Norwegian government 
nffionk fwrfier ordered Phillips to come up with apian to stop the sinking 

or face a possible shutdown of die facility by 1996. 

Capital Cities/ ABC Splits 10-loi>l 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — Capital Cities /ABC Inc. said Tuesday it 
planned a 10 -fctr-l stock split to make its shares, now die second-most- 
expensive on the New York Stock Exchange, more affordable. 

Shares in die broadcasting and pubHshing giant rose $ 1 1.75 to $708.75 
on Tuesday. Only dm shares of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. are more 
expensive — and by a huge margin. A single share of Berkshire Hatha- 
way, whose chairman and chief executive, Warren Buffett, has never 
allowed the stock to split, costs $15,800, based cm die dose Tuesday. 

Ironically, Mr. Buffett also is one of Capital Q ties/ ABCs largest 
shareholders and a member of the board of d ir ec tor s. Capital Cities 
declined to say how Mr. Buffett voted in the board’s decision to split the 
stock, or whether he endorsed the stock split 


European Stock Prices Post Strong Gains OECD: Candidate to Head Organization Says It 9 s Now Too Bureaucratic 

* _ r/vw” fmm An'o HaIfa *- - ■ liAivfk llfiAMV . _ ... I . 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

LONDON —British stocks rose for the second 
consecutive day Tuesday, lifted by earnings re- 
ports and speculation interest rates would decline. 


Elsewhere, other European stock markets ad- 
nced siramJy, with the Frankfurt and Paris 


vanced strongly, with the Frankfurt and Paris 
exchanges gaining almost l percent. 

London issues were boosted by a report by the 
Confederation of British Industries raising hopes 
of lower interest rates, in the wake of good whole- 
sale price figures Monday, operators said. The 
Financial Times-Stock Exchange Index gained 34 


points, or 1.05 percent, to end at 3,267.40. 
German stoats, meanwhile, opened higher and 


held their gains in quiet trading. The DAX index 
ended at Z165.59. up 20.42 
French stocks also rose, as traders said U.S. 
inflation figures for February had been met with a 
sigh of relief. The CAC-40 index advanced 18.87. 
to dose at 2233.89. 

Swiss stocks dosed higher on investor interest in 
selected blue-chip issues, and Italian stocks gained, 
though at a more moderate pace than in recent 
days. Belgian stocks dosed little changed as inves- 
tors waited for earnings figures to come out during 
the week. 

(Bloomberg AFP) 


Continued from Page 13 lavonte son candidate irom 

te did IKK wi& ro attack Mr. Paye days meeting OECD-based diplo- 
011 a .PSS5S? mats. Mr. Faye, the French Foreign 


omiutOECDctid^hubemtlim 
The Canadian pohtiaan is con- die OECIVTsense an i 


“favorite son” candidate from Asia, links between youth he “it was great, but 

Bonn. pkryment and social unrest, 

Mr. Johnston — who s* it two crease in the unregulated ecawiuta* 
days meeting OECD-based diplo- of various and the role d Mr. Jo hns to n said that if chosen 

mats, Mr. Faye, the French Foreign Fast Euro pean and other countries- to run the OECD , be would look 
Ministry and the press — said Be making the transition from comnm- forward to working closely with Pc- 
was not suggesting a revolution at nism to the free market ter Sutherland, the director-general 

the OECD/T sense an appetite for of GATT. He waQ meet Mr. Suther- 

rhanpR, and an appetite for energy, He noted that last year there had land this week in Geneva. 


sdered the leading candidate to change, and an appetite for energy. He noted that last year there had 
take over from Mr. Paye, who has a more outward-looking been “a lot of pressure” fr<mimen>- 
said he would Hke a third five-year OECD," be said. “What we need is tier nations for the OECD to come 
term. Also in the running me Lord to identify problems and anticipate up with a study of benefits of the 
Lawson, Bntam s former chancel- problems/ latest world trade agreement 

lor of the Exch eque r, and Lorenz ^ greater attention needed worked out under the auspices of 
SdwmeniSja German Economics to be paid lo issues such as the the General Agreement on Tariffs 


His first goal, he promised, 
would be to make the OECD more 
relevant to its members, and to 
make sure that at the organization's ' 
annual ministerial meeting, reports 
are less bureaucratic. 


Ministry official who is seen as a emer ging economies of Southeast and Trade. When the OECD final- 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


U.S. FUTURES 


Season Season 

matt Lo» 


Open HNh Law Close Chg OpJnl 


Season Season 
High Low 


Open W> Lot. dose Cls Op.mt 


Agra Fiona Pnme Medill 


Via Associated Pan 


Staeon Season 
HWi Low 


Open Htgti Lot Close On OpJM 


Amsterdam 


Helsinki 


ABNAmraHM 
ACF Hold ins 


AMM 
Akzo Notnl 
AMEV 

Bots-Wossonen 

C5M 

DSM 

Elsevier 

Fdkkcr 

Gtst-Broaxies 

HBG 

Heine* en 


Hoogovens 
Hunter Douglas 



Amer-YWynjo 

Enso-Gutzell 

Huntamokl 

Kyrnmont 

Metro 

Nokia 

PaWata 


Stockmann 

EZJSSntfj?' 


149 I5B 
4050 40X0 

1 ™ 1 X 10 

119 12* 

218 220 
385 390 

87 87J0 
im ra 
295 3W 


IncAcope 
KtaflfWier 
Ladbrokc 
Land Sec 
L oport e 

Laana 

LeualGenGra 
Lloyds Bank 
Males Sp 
MEPC 
Nafl Power 


IHCCatand 

Inter Mueller 

Inti Nederl an d 

KLM 

MNP BT 

Nedllovd 

OceGrfnten 

Pakhoed 

Philips 

Polygram 


Hong Kong 

33J0 
1260 
<1-50 


RudQRKO 
Rat Inca 
Rorento 
Royal Dutch 
Start 
l>ni lew 
vanOmmeren 
VNU 

waners/Khraer 


NlttWSt Water 
Pearson 
P40 
PliMngtan 
PowwGen 
Prudential 
Rank Ore 
Recklti Col 
Redland 
Reed Inti 
Reuters 
RMC Group 
Rolls Rovce„ 
Rothmn (unit] 
Royal Scot 
RTZ 

SaJnsburv 
ScotNeweos 
Scot Po w er 



Accor 728 712. 

AlrUaulde 872 BSC 

Alcatel Alsttwm 729 7W 
Axa 1425 1372 

Ben cal re (Qe) 437 429 

BIC 1320 1310 

BNP 267J0 258JD 

Bouyaues 73a 71 S 

BSN-GD 925 916 

Carretour 4193 4097 

C.C.F. 241 25260 

Ctrus 14450 142 

dtoreeurs 1487 1425 

aments Franc 39860 404 

Club Med . 404S040SJB 

EH-Aqultalne 41180 41190 
EH-Sanofl 1101 1083 

Euro Disney 34J0 53X5 
Gen. Eaux Z770 2437 

Haves 48760 48a40 

i metal 629 625 

Lafarge Coppee 475 474 




Brussels 


A«e-UM 
AG Fin 
Acted 
Barca 
Bekoert 
Cocked 1 1 
Cobepa 
Deffwlie 

Eioctrotoei 

GIB 

GBL 

Gevaert 

Kredletbank 

Pa trafta a 


2405 2400 
2810 2810 
4680 4600 
2300 2290 
23625 24000 
186 IU 


5950 5900 
1434 1442 
4380 4380 
1635 1645 
4505 4440 


99 JO 
12X0 

14.10 
1080 

33 

2680 
40J0 
3030 
14X0 

11.10 
2620 
31_25 
5SJ0 

4J0 
55 
1230 
3J0 
31 JS 
13120 
12X0 


Severn Trent 

Shell 

SW>e 

Smith Nephew 
SmlHlKUne B 


Lyon. Eoux 

Oreal (LI 

LVJ9LH. 

Motro-HoctieTtB 

MtertefinB 

Moulinex 

Paribas 

Pectrinev inti 

Pemod-RIccrd 

Pewjeot 


Smith (WH) 
Sun Alliance 
Tata & L vie 
Tesco 
Thorn EMI 
Tomkins 
TSBGrow 
Unilever 
Utd Blmilts 


Prlntatnps (Au) 
Rodlotachnlque 
Rh-Poulenc A 
Raff. St. Lewis 
Redout# (La) 
Saint Gobatn 
S.E.&. 

Ste Generate 
Suez 

Thamsen-CSF 

Total 

UAP. 

Valeo 


War Loon 31* 
Welcome 
Wtiltbreod 
WWamsHdgt 
Willis Gorraan 
F.T. 38 Index -1 


593 5B4 
1313 1265 
4160 4095 

157X0 1 54 

259 257X0 
146J0 145 

498J0 49380 
196X0 197 JO 
414 409.10 
888 878 

932 911 

353 519 

147 148 

1722 1723 
850 846 

712 699 

580 594 

678 440 

349 JO 339 JD 
201 196J0 


Sydney 

Amcor 9X4 9X0 

ANZ 529 SM 

BMP 1760 1764 

Beral 424 42* 

Bougainville I 1 

Coles Mver 494 4J8 

ComoJca 495 493 

CRA 17 JO 17-54 

CSR +80 490 

Fosters Brew 1.24 L24 

Goodman Field 161 161 

iCi Australia 1060 10.12 

Magellan 2.10 265 

MIM 3.M 3.18 

Nat Aust Bank 11.M 17.96 

News Corp 969 999 

Nine Network 595 564 

N Broken HUI 155 IS 

Poc Chmlap 560 5J5 

P i on eer infl, 391 3.19 

Nmntsy PaseWan 265 290 

OCT Resources L3I T9? 

Santos +08 4 

TNT 293 290 

Western Mining 792 790 

Westooc Banking 5.18 525 

Woods/de +08 424 


Canadian Pud tic 
Can Tire A 
Cantor 
Cam 

CCL Ind B 
anenlex 
Cam Inca 
ConwestEkpl 
Denison MUtB 
Dickenson NUn A 



Grains 


Echo Boy Mines 
Equity Silver A 
FCAIntl 
Fed Ind A 
Fletcher Qtall A 

Fft 

Gentra 


210 2JJ5 
3.14 218 
71.W 71.94 
969 9 JO 
595 564 
255 IS 
560 595 
121 279 




Tokyo 


AKta Electa . 
Ascbl Chemical 
A*a« Glass 
Bank of Tokyo 
Bridgestone 
Oman 
Casio 

Dal Nbmen Print 
Da hen House 
Outwa Securities 


2D390 19+50 
1449 1397 




Full Bank 
MlPhoto 
Fujitsu 


Sao Paulo 


Kredtatoank 7620 7618 

Potreftna 1 0500 10425 

Powergn 3320 3300 

Royal Beige 3800 5740 

5ocGen Banaue 8490 8470 


Soc Gen Belgique 7753 2770 
Soflna 13200 13D2S 

Solvay 14650 14473 

Tractate 11150 11175 

UCB 23400 23900 




Frankfurt 


Johannesburg 

AECl 
Attach 
Anglo Amer 
Barlows 
Blyvoor 
Buffets 
Do Beers 
Drfofoatrln 
Genoor 
GFSA 
Harmony 
Hlghveld Start 
Kloof 

Nedbank Grp 


Madrid 


BBV 3260 3250 

Bco Central Hlsn. 2850 2BS5 
Banco Santander 6900 4840 


CEPSA 3045 3015 

tssr 

Ereras 162 163 

iDerdrola I 1105 1080 

Repsbl 4900 4730 

Tabocnlera 4055 4120 

Tetatonica 1965 1950 


Banco do Bresfl 1640 IS 
Banespa 990 9. HD 

Brodcsca 1260 12J0 

BrofHno 190 IBS 

paranopanema 1+M 1790 
Petrodras 149J0I45J0 


« 87 J0 
145 130 

13509 


AEG 159 JO 158 

Airlonx Hold 2571 2540 

Alter® 641 641 

Asks 1040 1100 

BASF 3 1690 31+10 

Barer 37SJ0 373 

Bay. Hypo bank 455 444 

Bay VdrelnsWc 405 471 JO 

BBC 70a 60S 

BHF Bank 4374X60 

BMW 870 857 

Camrnerzfiank 36490337^ 
Continental Z71JD294J0 
Daimler Beni B4o«« «n 

Degussa 
Dt Babcock 26S90240J0 
Deutscho Bank 8776080250 
DouoUn 540 545 

OrgsdnerBank 477 377 JO 

Fotdmuehie 3X 3X 

F Krusp Hoesch W JO 197 

Harpener 3 3280 3S± 

Henkel 6*1 633 

Hochtief 1057 1075 

Haechxt 33420 3» 

Ho'imann M o 742 

Horten 2X zx 

1WKA 376 398 

Kali Sab 152 146 

Korstadt 566568J0 

Kauttiaf 49090 486 

KHD 1422014+30 

KfoecknerWerttelMiO 134 
Unde 885 892 

Lufthansa 176J0 195 

MAN _ 457 4S3 


Rusrtat 
SA Brews 
51 H el en a 
SasaJ 
W ettom 
Western Deep 


ss»issa. :i 


Milan 

Bonco Comm 
Bostagl 

Benetton group 

Ctoa 

CIR 

Crad Hal 
EnMien 
Perfln 


London 


hSSpa* 

Ftameannlea 

Gonorell 

IFI 

ikdcem 

itotoaa 

itaknaHitare 

Mealo pnn co 

Montedison 

ouvem 

Pirelli 

RAS 

Rtaaoconta 


Abbey Nafl 
Allied Lyons 
Aria Wiggins 


£n^°3Ss 


BAe 

Bank Scotland 
Barclays 


Singapore 
Cerabos 7.95 9 

City Dev. 4X5 6.70 

DBS 1160 I1J0 

Fraser Neave 1790 17 JO 

Genting 14X0 14X0 

Golden Hop# PI 260 265 

Haw Par 222 392 

Hume Industries S60 595 

indicane 560 sxa 

Keawel 9X0 9X5 

KL Kenans 298 298 ! 

Lum Chang 1.77 L7S 

Malayan Banka +70 6X0 

OCBC 1270 13 

OUB 205 215 

OUE 7.10 790 

Sembcwang 1160 1L10 

snangrlla 590 £25 

SI me Darby 276 3X0 

SIA 7 JO 760 

S’PoreLand 623 +15 

5 ’pore Press 1460 U6C 


Hitachi Cable 
Honda 
Ha Yofcndo 
itodtu 

Jooan Airlines 
Kallma 
Kantat Power 
Kawasaki Steel 
Kirin Brewery 
Komatsu 
Kubota 
Kyocera 
Mats u Elec I nets 
Matsu Elec Whs 
Mitsubishi Bk 
Mitsubishi Kasel 
Mitsubishi Elec 
: Mitsubishi Hev 
I Mitsubishi Core 
Mitsui and Co 
Mftswkotfil 
MIjMml 


NGK inwIaMrs 
NH*o Securities 
Nippon Kogaku 
Nippon Oil 
NIpaan Staff! 
Nippon Yuser 
Nissan 
Nomura Sec 

NTT 

O+rmpus Optical 

Pioneer 

Ricoh 

Sanyo Elec 

Share 

sttfmani 

StanetsuChem 


Hamlo OM Mines 

Ho llltiper 

Horsham 

Hudson's Bay 

Imasco 

inco 

intareravplpe 
Jannock 
Ukwft _ 

Lob law Co 

Mackenzie 

Magna inti A 
Maple Leaf 
Maritime 
Mark Res 
MocLecn Hunter 
Malson A 
Noma Ind A 
Norando inc 
Norando Fores! 
Narcan Energy 
Nthern Telecom 
Nova Core 
Oshavm 
Paaurln A 
Placer Dome 
Poca Petroleum 
pwACore 
Rayreck 



RooersB 
Rothmans _ 
Royal Bank Can 
Saiotre Res 
5cSrs Hasp 



1 WHEAT tCSOn umau'riwnxn-daBtnec 
294V, 300 131V, J9I 179V, 

172 200 May 94 394 V, 19BM 234 

, U4 2M JGf* 394 397>A 393V, 

2 SPA 20 SrjiM 394V, 329V. 134V. 

, US 39? Dec 94 2341* 137V, 3911V 

I 2S«I* 234 Mar 95 138 991 138 

14» 211 Jut 95 

Est. soles 9X00 Man’s sales 7.164 
Man's open IrV 44270 up 514 
WIEAT (KBOT) LNBIwmWwweaoarswi 
191 198 Ate94 3X1 247 1X7 VI 

179V, Z« May W 3J3 3J7V, 137Vy 

3J5 227 JUI94 223 394 Vi 395k, 

155% XtOWSeoW 1241* X27N 12**, 

1*0 117 VS Dec 94 392 133* 130 % 

153V. 137Y,MW*5 234 394 39) 

EsL sales HA. Man's, soles 2X47 
Mnfs e penW 27,174 all 118 
CORN rCBOT) uewnMnvn-eenwB 
HIM 29214 Mor 94 2.10 260 177 

21614 2J81SMav94 2XSM 2X7 264 

1141* 241 Jul9* LP14 2. JO VS 267% 

2.92 V. 2X0 V, Sep 94 27Te 298% 276 

293*. 214 V, Dec 94 265 264 164 

299% 2J3%Mar95 291 292 2.70 

162 269V*MOr9S 295 295 174N 

263Vi 290%7ulVS 296 'm 197 294V. 

2SH* 251 Dec 95 2JS 2JS 2J2 

Estedes B600 Atart-jcies uxiB 
Mars open W 325X99 rtf 1402 
SOYBEANS (CBOT1 StaQbvi w iiWnwn P4»i 

764 S6JV>Vjt 94 466 4X9 465 

761 5. 92% MOV 94 4X7 492% 4X7 

760 5.94% JU 94 4X8 494% 481 

765 421 AM94 +81% 465% 460% 

469% 4T7 Sep 94 461% 690 +44% 

767% 5J5%Nov9* +58% +59M 455% 

420 +18% Jan 95 463 4X4% 441 

493% 462 Mar 95 +67 +48 +44 

464 +53 MOV 95 

+95 4X7%JWW +49 +70 4X9 

+50% 161% Nov 95 +27 +27 +23 


BvMtf 

131% .0X1 379 

3X7% *+©% 1+158 
3X4% *0X3% 19.705 
239 *0X3% 1489 

137 ‘0X2V. 4X41 

238 *0.00% 3 

225 -ft ffl 45 


3X7 *0X3% 1JJ69 

23714*0X3% 10X37 
125% *0X3 11.727 

126% *8X7% 2.928 
132 *0X1% 1,248 
235% *0X3 147 


Monte open W 5+067 

UP 217* 





91570 

90X60 Sap 94 95X50 

9SJD0 

9+230 

95X40 

37B.79S 

SUGAR-WORLD IT <NC5E) 





95.180 

9O71OD0C 94 94X20 

94090 

9+820 

94X50 

262007 


+30May W 

1117 

122) 

1201 

1113 


9+990 

90X40 Mar 95 9+4J0 

9SJB0 

WJ80 

9+410 

25+939 


9.15JU194 

12X2 

12X5 

12.14 

12X9 


9+730 

90710 Jun 95 taXZO 

9+380 

9+300 

94X40 

190077 

11.95 

907 Oct 94 

11X4 

11X6 

11-73 

11X9 

-0.13 

-an 

28669 

94630 

91X10Sep9S 9+090 

9+140 

9+080 

9+110 

153.342 

1IJ2 

9.17 Mar 95 

1109 

11 JO 

UXO 

11X1 

11X34 

9+280 

91.180 Dec 95 93X20 

93X70 

93X10 

91840 

171.755 

11** 

106? May 95 

IIJQ 

11X0 

11 JO 

11X9 

— au 

1X33 

9+220 

9Q75DMO-94 93750 

93000 

937* 

91770 

10)641 

1101 

10J?Jul9S 

11X7 

11X7 

T1J5 

11X9 

-aio 

1X12 

Est.safel 1+A. Monte, sate* 

30+352 



1100 

105?0d95 

11X2 

11X3 

H-25 

11X5 

-an 

334 

Monte open fen 2X3+901 up 

15641 




Eri-sefes 20557 Monte. Mtes 25,171 




BRITISH POUND (O+ER) * 

■r DDunF 1 «*» fwWI 16 BP1H 

Motasaotnlnl 1400+ 


3030 





16150 

10474 JUO 94 10904 


1-4848 

10862 

-62 2+107 

COCOA 





10900 

10440 Septa 10850 
10100 DOC 94 10*00 

1^60 

>0820 

10814 

-62 5*6 

1495 


1225 

1235 

1225 

1214 

-15 

56 

10950 

1X110 

1-4800 

10818 

-60 JO 

1364 


1249 

1753 

1232 

1235 

-15 41X12 

Eri.sota* +991 Mata*, sates 

+994 




1145 


TZ7D 

1272 

1254 

1758 

—13 1+870 

Motaiapenkv 44695 Off 1469 




1377 

1020 Sep 94 

1290 

129* 

1276 

12*1 

~9 

BX76 

CANADIAN DOLLAR (CMER) IMrtar- uxMS Mutational 

1389 

1041 D8C W 

1320 

1371 

1303 

1313 

—7 

4067 

08713 

07338 Mor *4 



02298 

-19 153 

1382 

1077 McrH 

1254 

1156 

1340 

1351 

-7 

9,941 

turns 

07323 Jun 94 07342 
07371 SeoW 07320 

07349 

0731* 

07329 

-19 42070 

1400 

llllMovIS 

1349 

1372 

an 

1371 

—7 

5X44 

077X1 

07328 

07315 

07319 

—19 904 

1407 

1225 Jul 75 

1381 

13B 

an 

1391 

— 7 

3X14 

07670 

0731SDecW 07315 

07322 

07310 

07309 


1350 

177S5ao 95 




1410 

—7 

681 

07522 

07293 Jun 95 





Id 

1339 Doc 95 




1413 

—7 

305 

Eta. sate* 4X93. Mata*. safes 

,5X05 





Est.stfa 9Jel MBt'S.ufts 20X24 
Man’s open W 95X89 up 4082 
ORANGE JUICE CMCTW lSXOin.-cMsser + 
13*25 B4JDMarM 189.+J 109.40 108.90 109.10 

135X0 99X0 May 94 11295 112X0 111.10 THAO 

135X0 103JQJU9I 11+70 11+75 11340 11+25 

13+50 10560 Sap 94 11+00 11+38 114X0 11+45 

13+00 IMNBVjM 11+70 11+70 11+70 11400 

I3ZX0 IOJJ3Jcn9J 175X0 IISX5 71+75 715X5 

12+25 T0+00Mor95 11660 

Est. sales 1XM MorTs. sates 1623 
Man's open M 19J43 w> 400 


297%— 4X3 2X45 

3.86% -0X7% 17TX75 

2X1 -4X2% H2181 
296%-aOIV, 25,781 
286% -0X1V. 58X59 
290%— 4X0% JX7B 
274%— 0X0% 315 
296%-0X0% 1,116 
262 -0X3% 729 


-4.10 316 

-060 8679 
-0J0 5X32 
*0X5 2.069 
-005 1 969 
-ft+S 7X17 
*095 IN 


Metals 


4X6% -0X1% 1+45 
+89% — 1 *62X44 
691 44937 

+83 -0X0% 7X44 


Mi GRADE COPPER (T4CMX) 

10760 73X0 AttrM 9160 »2J0 90.95 92X0 

90X5 7+50 Apr 94 91.10 92X0 91.10 92.15 

102X0 7X60 May 94 9190 9210 90X5 92X5 

9790 7+ 10 Junta _ 91 JS 

10295 7+20Julta 9030 91.10 89X0 91.10 

10390 7+90 Sep M 90X0 90X0 B9.95 90X0 

101.90 75X5 Dec 94 90X0 9080 89+0 9075 


Sears Can 
Shell Con 
5 h9rritt Gordon 
SHL SvstentftM 
Southam 


SfeJcdA 
Tattsman Enere 
Teck B 

Thomson News 
Toronto Damn 
TarstarB 
I Transalto Ulll 
1 TraneCda Pipe 
Tritan FlniA 
Trtmac 
Trine A 

, unicore Energy 



Esl. sates «4W Mon's. Kites 73JB4 
Von'iooanW 15SX48 oH M2 
SOYBEAN MEAL (CBOT1 (Pn-mnw 
23760 185XDM.P94 1*760 19760 194X0 

23200 115J0AU1V94 19+93 199J0 19760 

23060 19060 Jut M 19+50 19V60 19+70 

22160 10960 Aug 94 197 JO 198X0 194X0 

210X0 INTO Septa 19563 19660 19560 

204X0 1*7.10 CM ta 19+3 79+80 19360 

209X0 +40 Dec 94 I93A 191X0 1926a 

200X0 1*469 Jan 95 19360 19360 193X0 
194X0 J8760MCP-9S 1*360 1*360 19100 

May 98 

EsLsctas 22X00 Man's. sates 436*0 
Mart's open W 11678 OH 3921 
5DYBEANO+ ICSOT) etate-mnw li 


470 

+44% 

40710-00 

3X54 

•970 

7+90 Jan 95 



9000 

♦ 080 

669ft 

+55% 

+54% -004 

30X27 

99X0 

7100FMI95 8805 

H05 

8805 

9005 

♦075 

604% 

401 

601 -004 

2X44 

9060 

62. TO Mar 91 9055 

91X0 

9065 

9095 

*075 


+44 

+44 -0X4% 

423 

9060 

7+45 May 95 



91.15 

‘075 



+68 -004 

1 

9000 

7+oajum 



91X5 


+70 

+49 

409 — 0J0 

741 

079 

7570 Aiw 95 



91 JO 

*1X0 

+27 

+21 

673% —0X3% 

964 

9070 

79.10S4P95 



9165 

♦ 075 


*1.10 3X45 
•1XS 1.171 
*1.15 37634 
* 1.10 

* 1.10 1 + 10 * 
10.95 3,724 
‘0X5 3X21 


AWs open im 55X61 off 3072 

GERMAN MARK ICMER) larnn- t pemf eauc* Mam 
06133 06407 JlPI 94 06884 06889 Q6flM 068+3 -27 B+23) 

060(5 0600 Septa 0684* +S15d OJ837 06*44 -27 2,708 

0X910 06590 Dec 94 06838 06843 06837 0.5838 —27 132 

ESI. soles 40612 Mai'S, safes 50X41 
Mon's open Int 138XB3 OB 4839 
J APA NE SE YB N lOOQ snerven- I MnnumMagaon 
B JX/nsqJXKT lJunte QLOTMSAlOTsaagJOMMgXOMSS *6 48,219 
+XW90gL 0PWC5e p94 OXra«9SOXO?S7*.t»94610X095a7 *( 1X73 

0X0981OL0(79S37DectaaO095»0(L00»S600X09S7»X09543 *J 3» 
Est sates NA. Man*+ safes 29.015 
Mon's open bit 9+591 

S WISS FRANC ICMER 1 lartn- Ihm laiihnmi 

H!S? ?“29, Jun ’f 06960 06915 04927 -35 32683 

0^*4 aW5D 011965 # - ww 06937 -as 369 

DX1P5. 8X9» Dec ta 06955 0JFK 06*50 0.6955 -JS 33 
Est «*K 1+360 Mon's, sates 23.974 
Mon's open Ire 53X93 an 3091 


Industrials 


-410 1.947 
-450 30.936 
-0.10 71877 

-440 +797 
— 0X0 5634 
- 0 X 0 +991 
-438 +757 
917 
N 

—160 1 


31.13IMTta 2863 2867 23X5 
21X0 MOV ta 28J0 2869 38.15 

71 65 JU 94 2BX0 21X9 ZX5 
2T65Auo« Z7X0 2SX7 27X0 
Z2A15ap94 2760 Z760 277* 

22.10Oefta 2+90 3+95 2+JO 

DXODecta 2+65 2+65 2+65 

2265 J(Pi9S 2+3S 2+35 26X0 

2SJ0+tor9S 2+30 2+30 2+15 

23X0 May 95 

r+ooo JWPTS. sates t+543 


♦0X7 1137 
• 8X3 33A5D 
*0X4 2+421 
*8X3 7.9Z7 
-am 76W 
—0X9 5603 


-410 12X40 
-41* 1X77 


Matas apanH 97.131 oft 455 


Livestock 




Zurich 


7 JO 7XD 
+25 +15 
1+40 1+40 


EKsisssr 

Presmog _488 495 

PWA 230J0 229 

RWE 46145+50 

RMtometall 3)9 .323 


Schartno 

SEL 

Siemens 

Thyssw 

Vorta 

Veha 

VEW 


viaa 

vsikssrapen 


vsikssrapen 

wetia 

DAX Index : It 

?reytwjs: 2 « 


1073 1930 
411 411 

705691X0 
27130 371 J 9 
375 374 

497 JO 493 X 0 
353 353 

4*7409 JO 
4904SSJ0 
8107B3J0 


Preytonj : liyJ* 


BOC Group 
Boots. 
Bawatar 
BP 

Brit Airways 
Bril Gas 
Brff Steel 
Brit Telecam 
BTR _ 
CoWe wire 

CodtwrvSch 
Caredon 
Coats Viyelta 
Comm Union 
CourtauMs 
ECCGrouB 
Enterprise oil 
Eurotunnel 
Ft sons 

Forte 

GEC 

Gem acc 

Glow 

Grand Met 

GRE 

Guinness 

OU5 

Hanson 

HllUdown 

HSBCHKigs 

ICI 


son Paolo Torino 

SME 

Snip 

Standa 

5 tat 

Tore Assi Rise 


Sing Steamship 3J4 152 

; 5Hore Telecomm 3J4 3J8 

Straits Trading 170 3X6 

UQB 10X0 1430 

UOL 1.9* 1X5 

ISM?? 


■MUflRUr 


Stockholm 


Sumitomo 6k 
Sum Homo atom 
Sami Marine 
Sumltama Metal 
To4sei Core 
TaUho Marine 
Tokeda Chem 
TDK 
Tejnn 

Tokyo Mute 
Tokyo Elec Pw 
Tappan Prtnltne 
Tony Ind. 
Toshiba 
Toyota 
YsmofcMSec 
a: mho. 



1234 1212 
907 902 

450 634 


Montreal 


Alcan Aluminum 321* 32% 
Bank Montreal 28*6 2 T* 
Beli Canada 52V* *5% 
Bomeardtar B 23 21J* 
Camblor 31V* 2U* 

Casca des 79* 7t* 

Dominion Text A Sta nv 
Don«giue a 27 27v. 

MacMillan 61 23 231tr 

Natl Bk Canada 9ft » 
Power Core, 23 _3 

QurteeTe! 22ft 

Quetoecar a 20 ft 20ft 

Quthecor B 2ift 
TelSSTJct* 23 Z3ft 

Uni*? M* *ft 

videotran i«ft im* 

: 2014X2 




aga <a as 

Aeea A 43S 024 

Astra A 172 173 

Atlas Copco 513 495 

Electrolux 6 -*>1 474 

Ericsson 357 349 

EssHte-A 113 114 

H an del sbon ken W 120 

Investor B 194 1» 

Norsk H rare 258 23] 

Procardia AF 11* 121 

Sandvlk B 18 IN 

3CA-A 13S 137 

S-E Bonkm M 4150 

SkerxSo F 163 143 

SkOfHka 198 213 

SKF 135 137 

Stare *n 431 

TreUecorjBF 91 8+50 

Valve *74 *74 

S&EE?flSSi WM1 


585 loan : itMJi 
Prevteue : Maui 


Toronto 

AWttW Price 18ft ib% 

13! JL 


S-EBonken 
SkorxSa F 
Skenska 
SKF 
Stare 

TreUeoorg BF 
Valve 


scaap' 13 ! tJ! 

isrszssrs, jk sk 

BCC 53ft Sift 

Bk Non Scotia 30ft 30ft 


To but renders wArtrio 


BC Gas 
BC Tetacmn 
BF Realty Hdi 
Bramaieo 
Bnmswick 

Camdev 

CIBC 


U 14 
26ft 24ft 
+X3 QlB3 

535 +4i 

9ft 9ft 


hiMteaiwwr 
buhoBiadM. 
jtdgJkHw 
0*60-8155 
or be 06049-1754 13 


. Cattle (CMBRI ««5*.omiw+ _ 
C_7S 73X0 Apr 94 7+53 7+97 7+35 

75X7 7TX5 Junta 7+12 74X5 73 37 

73X7 7CX0AUO94 72X0 72X7 7265 

I 74X0 71X7009* 713S 73.72 73X2 

7+30 72X5 Dec 94 72X5 73.90 7145 

7425 73JDFtetj9S 7365 7360 73+1 

E IB 73X0 Apr 95 7+75 74X5 7460 

LseMS 12X42 Men's, sole* 1+183 
Mart's qpgn ter 44X84 off 1770 
FEEDER CATTLE 1CMER3 BMh-emiR 
85X5 1962MVM *1X2 *160 *1X9 

85X0 79X9 Aorta 9060 51X7 B0.77 

1+43 T+TOMOVta 80X5 9060 S0J» 

oxo 7965AU094 *1.10 81X0 *1X2 

I UX8 TVJOSepta *063 *0X7 UXO 

ITJ5 79X0 Oct 94 8060 8+40 8 060 

■U0 7745 Now 94 81X5 81.10 11X0 

S 77 .00 Jon 96 0060 *060 *047 

ides ion MDtas. totes 1X54 
Man's oeen fed 11X02 afl 309 
HOIK (CMER) saXNfes-cpnaBwte 
SI .93 39 J3 Apr 94 47X0 47X5 4+7* 

5+27 4£27JbnM 5145 5190 5040 

55X7 45X0A6U 52.90 51.17 52X1 

SL40 4+35 Apfl 94 5145 51X5 5140 

49X3 0.6000 W 4740 47.75 47 J5 

5060 4+30 Dec 94 4840 OLTO 4845 

SOJO MJ0FeB95 41X0 49X5 49X0 

4+00 40.98 Aor 9 5 

5)69 5&1SJW19S 

Esr.Mfet +175 Meta+ sates 8X89 
MetasaeenH 30X94 up 35 
P0RJCBELUS5 (CMERI 4SJB4W>.-amea-4 
60.90 3+40 Star 94 54ta 5530 5+30 

*160 4DJQMay 94 5529 5+30 55X0 

*2X0 39JQ Jul94 55X5 56X7 55X5 

9960 4700 Aug 94 5X25 5AID 9120 

61.15 TJ.10F«s95 5+95 5+95 5*60 

51.90 9X5 Mar 95 58X5 9X5 S+M 

61X0 59.9QMav95 

Est.SOK 2.713 AAOtatSOtes 5X73 
Mon's open W 96+5 up S23 


8960 7+SOdVS 90X5 

81-30 77X5 NOV 95 90X5 

90.90 HJDDec95 91X5 

Jan 94 92X0 

Est. spies 10600 Man's sates 7J33 
Man's open Ini 4+414 OH 34 
SILVER QKMX) J480trDrat.-GresewfrweL 
55+3 34+0 Marta 5416 547J 541 JJ 54 +2 

53+5 51 BX Aor 94 5*10 56+0 5*1 Jl 54+8 

S55J 371XMay94 547.0 jjdJ 542J 5486 

565X 371 JJ Ajlta 551JJ 55+0 54+6 5S26 

561 J 374.5 Sep 94 657 Jl JJ+g 55+5 557. 1 

J72X MOXDec 94 J1ZJJ 54+0 5576 5414 

54+0 4110 Jun 95 5390 54+0 54+0 545.1 

572X 41 +5 Mar 95 5726 5725 5415 570.2 

53+0 4180 MOV 95 57+9 

5950 4300 JuIJS 5B0X 

5450 4910 See 95 SBU 

58+0 S»XDeC9S 5930 

.. Jdrt 96 5913 

EsL solas 11000 Man’s sates 31,144 
Man's open yn 11+035 up 23*1 
PLATMUM (NMER) 

43+50 33500 Apr 94 

428X0 357 X0Jul W 

413X0 36400 Od 94 

4IIX0 J74JD Jan 75 

414X0 39+OOAprH 
Est, sales +071 Meta 
Man’s enen mr 22X60 
COU> CNCMXJ Mn,e-awiMrn.ii. 


,0*5 179 

*005 174 

♦OXS 

*0X0 


-16 1X34 

+20 

«IJ 71231 
*IJ 17.751 
»1J 4J94 

• IJ 9.110 

♦ IJ 

*16 5X04 
»1J 

•IJ 144 
*IJ 

+ IJ 751 
•IJ 


•050 11.194 
*0X0 +*53 
♦ 0 X 0 1.163 
*0.70 554 

•0X0 376 


-020 34.981 
—417 23,944 
-40* 12,754 
•007 9.9*5 
•0X5 1345 
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Kemper Sends Initial Snob to GE 

NEW YORK (Combined Dispatches) — Kemper Corp. said Tuesday 
it has initially rqected a bid from General. Seanc Co. sGE Cxpital 
Corp, but wratid review the proposal formally ants nest board meeting 

^^Itorcweviously told you, we strongly bdiw that a sale of the- 

company at this time is not m the best mtmsts of our stockhddaV’ ; 
*“ 1 rrT-i_ . . ... -l airman of mm- sat d m a letter to John Welch. - 


OaiodMathis, the chairman of Kemper, said ia a letter to John Welch, - 
the GE rhnimn»ii. _ 

GE said late Monday it bid $55 a share for Kemper, which seau 

KempCTsrock surging in after-hours trading and again ^ Tuesday. Kflnper 
rose $4?75 to $61 .75. Some analysts said Kemper was worth S60toS65a. 
share in a takeover. (AFX Reuters, Bloomberg) 

Cashflow Improves for R.H. Macy 

NEW YORK (Compiled from Dispatches) — RJL Macy & Co n . 
operating under Chapter 11 bankruptcy prweetion, said its second- 
quarter earnings before interest, taxes, depredation and amortization 
rose to $2272 million from $141.1 million m the year-ago quarter. 

The measure of cash flow is regarded as a me anin gful way to track the 
progress of companies in bankruptcy. Revenue declined 4 parent in the ; 
quarter, to $1.99 billion. Many's is in the process of filing a reorganization 
plan to emerge from Chapter 1 1, which must be approved by a federal 
court. (Bloomberg. Knight-Ridder) 

Phillips Offers Plan to Fix Platform 

BARTLESVILLE, Oklahoma (Bloomberg} — Phillips Petroleum Co. 
Norway on Tuesday filed a $3 bflHan plan with the Norwegian govern- 
ment to save the company’s sinking Ekofisk oil and natural gas hub in the 
North Sea. 


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Russia Leaders 
Worried About 
Output Plunge 


« ' ■■ * , ‘<wujuia 

MC®Q)W — Industrial produc- 
0 00 m Russia fefl a record 24 1 
pacent in Februaiy from a year 
eariiff, causing paiHamemaiy lead. 


. . — wi uuui inw 

an ‘economic state of emergency^ 

The State Statistics Committee 
sara Februaiy output rose 2J per- 
cent from January's depressed lewis 
and average daily production, ad- 
seasonal factors, increased 
5 percent. But overall outmit for 
1993 fell 162 percent aftean 18 
percent decline in 1992, when eco- 
nomic reforms were introduced. 

The machine -b uilding sector 
suffered the sharpest decline this 
year, slumping 48 percent from 
year-earlier levels, and light indus- 
try showed a 32 percent drop, the 
government statistics agency said. 

The data defy government fore- 
casts for an 8 percent fall in pro- 
duction this year and spell trouble 
for the its proposed 1994 budget, 
even before it is officially adopted, 
because low production means low 
tax revenue to fund its ambitious 
spending plans. 

The dismal report prompted Vla- 
dimir Shumdko, the president of 


parliament's upper house, to plan 
“^specified emergency measures 
wuh Ivan Rybidn, his lower bouse 
counterpart, the Interfax news 
agency reported. 

The report helped the ruble con- 
dnue its slide against the dollar 
Tuesday, and tracers said the mar , 
jeet probably would continue push- 
ing the Russian currency lower. 

The dollar was fixed at 1,716 
rubles at the Moscow Interbank 
Currency Exchange, up from 1,711 
on Monday. For the second 
straight week, the ruble has fallen 
to a record low each day. 

Tlraders said the central bank has 
been intervening in the market to 
try to slow the ruble’s slump. 

The ruble also was pressured by 
data showing inflation at 9.9 per- 
cent in February, even though that 
figure is Lhe lowest in 18 months 
after overall inflation of more than 
900 percent last year. 

Analysts say the slowing infla- 
tion is likely to be only t emp orary, 

because the government has com- 
mitted itself to large subsidies and 
debt payments in several sectors, 
especially agriculture and energy. 

tAP.AFP) 


Bayer’s Profit Slides 12% 
But Payout Holds Steady 


Compiled bp Our Staff From Diqwtcha 

LEVERKUSEN, Germany 
— Bayer AG, one of Germany^ 
largest chemicals companies, 
reported Tuesday that net prof- 
it feU 12 percent in 1993 but 
that it would keep its dividend 
steady at 11 DM. 


The drop 
to 137 m 
($812 nnllk 
was widdy 
lysts said pi 


— , was widely expected But ana- crcasingly 

If? loo jDltrP-fZUCruk lysts said pretax earnings, which when they 

fell 15 percent, to 235 billion Raver nl 


which feU 
tite marks 
the year, 
But ana- 
ies, winch 


fen 15 percent, to 235 billion 
DM, were better than expected 
’The pretax was a bit ahead 
of my forecast," said one Lon- 
don-based analyst “It looks as 
if higher tax charges ormnuHity 
interests hit net profit” 

Sales dropped slightly, to 41 
billion DM from 412 bUEon 
DM. 

Bayer is the only (me of Ger- 


many's three major chemicals 
groups which has decided to 
maintain its dividend in 1993. 
Last week its rivals Hoechst AG 
and BASF AG announced cots 
in their payouts. 

Hoechst cut its payout to 7 
DM a share from 9 DM, while 
BASF trimmed its dividend to 8 
DM from 10 DM. Dividends at 
the three companies have in- 
creasingly diverged since 1990, 
when they aD paid 13 DM. 

Bayer also said that its man- 
agement and supervisory 
boards decided to propose a 
motion at the next shareholder 
meeting on April 27 to abolish a 
5 percent shareholder voting 
limit 

At the last meeting, amotion 
to drop the rale had been pro- 
posed, but the company reject- 
ed the move. ( Reuters, AFP ) 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


On the Road Together 

Accor, Carlson Form Global Agency 


By Jacques Neher 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — A venture between 
the travel agencies of Accor 
Group SA and Carlson Cos. wiD 
create the largest travel network 
in the world and set the stage for 
the French and American com- 
panies to join forces to extend 
their operations to Asia, compa- 
ny executives said Tuesday. 

Analysts said the venture an- 
nounced late Monday between 
Carlson, a privately bdd Minne- 
apolis travel, bold and restau- 
rant chain operator, and Wa- 
gonlit Tkavel, the Accor unit, 
would constitute a powerful rival 
to American Express Co. in the 
multi-billion-dollar business 
travel segment. 

Accor, with $14 billion in an- 
nual sales, operates 2350 holds 
worldwide in the Sofitel, Novo- 
tel, Mold 6, Ibis and Fonnule 1 
chains. Carlson, with total reve- 
nue of $10.7 billion, owns the 
Racfcson and Colony Hotels 
chains as well as the TGI Fri- 
day’s and Country Kitchen res- 
taurant chain? 

Accor’s stock jumped 2 per- 
cent on the Paris Bourse, rising 
16 francs, to 728 francs. 

“This is a very positive devd- 
opment,” said Piers Butler, ana- 


lyst at Smith New Court in Lon- 
don. “There was a big bole in 
Wagonlit’s international net- 
work, namely the United States, 
so teaming up with Carlson 
makes a lot of sense.” 

The venture, to be based in 
London under the name Carlson 
Wagonlit Travel, wffl combine 


The group will 
be the largest 
buyer of airline 


tickets in the 
world. 


the corporate travel activities of 

more than 4,000 offices in 125 
countries and generate annual 
revenue of about $11 billion 
from both company-owned and 
affiliated agencies. Consumer 
travel activities are to remain 
separate. 

Carlson has about 2300 com- 
pany-owned and affiliated agen- 
cies, mostly in North America 
and Britain. WagonHt has 2,000 
outlets worldwide, but just 40 in 
the United States. 

The venture will increase the 
network’s buying power with 


travel suppliers. It will be the 
largest buyer of airline tickets in 
the world, about 20 million a 
year. 

This purchasing power will 
make its weight felt soon, as the 
venture sets out to choose a glob- 
al credit card to support corpo- 
rate customers. Carlson already 
offers a Via card now used by 
about 85,000 customers. 

Curtis Carlson, chairman of 
Carlson, said the venture will of- 
fer one-stop shopping to busi- 
ness travel departments in (he 
form of “a single master contract 
for service anywhere in the 
world." 

Gerard Pehsson, co-chairman 
of Accor, said the venture could 
develop into a full merger be- 
tween the agencies, including 
travel activities, within three 
years. 

He said that the venture would 

S ve the two companies an ixrnnc- 
ate reach into each other’s 
markets, while giving it the fi- 
nancial muscle to open or ac- 
quire agencies in the Far East 
Either company would have 
had to spend as much as $300 
mfllion, and over several years, 
in order to establish a similar 
presence on the other’s home 
continent, he said. 


Small German Rate Cut Seen 


FRANKFURT — The Bundesbank is likely to 
allow a small drop in a key money market rate this 
week, but most analysts do not expect this to be 
accompanied up with a cut in official rates on 


week, but most analysts do not expect this to be 
accompanied up with a cut in official rates on 
Thursday. 

At the same time, some money market traders said 
that a cut in (he Lombard rate, winch is the effective 
ceiling for official rates and of mostly symbolic impor- 
tance when rates in general are falling, could not be 
entirely ruled out on Thursday. 

The Bundesb ank 1 s policy-making council is to meet 
cm that day for its last session before a four-week 
Easter break 

But tiie consensus was that the Bundesbank would 
gradually cut its securities repurchase rate, or repo 
rate, before lowering its important 535 percent dis- 
count rate in the second quarter. 

Although many of the conditions needed for an 
official rate cut were in place, analysts said it was too 
soon for a new move just one month after the last 
discount cut. 

The Bundesbank paved the way for another small 
cut in the repo rate on Tuesday when it set a variable 
repo tender, allowing banks to choose the interest 
rates they are prepared to pay for central bank funds. 

Dealers expected the lowest rate this week to fall to 
around 5.90 percent from 5.94 last week. 

A marked easing in inflation and recent low pay 


deals in the public service and engineering sector were 
seen by economists as laying the groundwork for a 
discount rate cut further down the road. 

Analysts also noted that the Bundesbank has gone 
out of its way to play down recently published money 
supply growth data for January. Data for M-3 showed 
a surge of 213 percent on an annualized barn. 


Officials have stared repeatedly that the figure is 
heavOy distorted and that the Bundesbank’s target 
range of 4 to 6 percent growth is based on fourth- 
q nailer M-3 money supply levels. 

“The Bundesbank is talking loudly about inflation 
data at the moment and only quietly about M-3," said 
Alwin Schenk, an analyst at SaL Oppenheim Jr. & Ge. 

Ulrich Beckmann, an economist at Deutsche Back 
Research agreed. “M-3 is really only a half-way post 
for the Bundesbank, the real target is inflation. In 
terms of the price trend, they are getting pretty close to 
the 2 percent target.” 

But Mr. Beckmann and other analysts believed the 
Bundesbank would not cut the discount rate yet “The 
environment would not be bad for a rate cut, but 1 
expect nothing,” Mr. Beckmann said. 

The Bunderoank’s last key rate cut, cm Feb. 18, cut 
Lhe discount rate by one-half point but left the Lom- 
bard rale unchanged, opening a gap of one and a half 
points between the two rates. Money-market traders 
said the Bundesbank might narrow this gap again by 
cutting the Lombard rate. 


Page 15 




Euro Disney 
Takes a 
Wild Ride 
On Bourse 

Reuters 

PARIS — Euro Disney SCA's 
stock fell, then rose, in volatile 
trading on Tuesday. 

Early in the day, aggrieved 
shareholders, faced with a massive 
dilution of their rights to dividends 
because of Monday’s $1 billion res- 
cue package, sold the stock. But 
later, a general rise on tire Paris 
market brought the stock back to 
close slightly higher on the day. 

At one stage, the stock fell so far 
it was suspended for a 10-mmnle 

cooling-off period before the price 
stabilized. 

“The small investors feel 
wronged and are selling, - " one bro- 
ker said. 

The planned 6 billion franc 
(SI. 05 billion) capital increase is to 
be done through the creation of 
new shares at around 10 francs, 
quadrupling the number of Euro 
Disney shares. 

Small stockholders have lost 
much of their investment since 
Walt Disney Co. offered them 
shares in the European version of 
its Magic Kingdom in 1989. 

One businessman told Europe 1 
radio that he had lost heavily mi his 
investment in Euro Disney and he 
felt he had been wrong to trust 
Walt Disney, which has three prof- 
itable parks in the United States 
and Japan. 

Hie shares hit a low of 30.30 
francs compared with Monday’s 
close of 33.85 and were 17 percent 
down on the level before the re- 
structuring proposal was an- 
nounced. But by the dose, the 
stock had risen to 34.70 francs. 

The 51 percent of Euro Disney 
shares not owned by Walt Disney 
were sold to the public at 72 francs 
each in October 1989. 

They touched a high of 16530 
shortly before the resort opened in 
April 1992 and plummeted to a low 
of just 23.70 last November after 
the park reported a mammoth 534 
billion franc loss for its 1992-93 
financial year. 

Euro Disney’s chairman, Phi- 
lippe Bouiguignon, told sharehold- 
ers on Monday that no one had 
foreseen bow sharp the European 
recession of the early 1990s was 
going to be. 

The 63 creditor banks now bdd 
the key to Euro Disney's fate after 
Walt Disney and its main banks 
agreed to bail it out. 

Bankers say the initial reaction 
to the plan was positive but a final 
agreement among the 63 may take 
some weeks. 





Sources: Reuters. AFP 


Very briefly; 

■ Samrfw £ Saatdn Co., the British advertising and marketing company, 
earned a net £73 million ($10 million) in 1993, the company’s first profit 
since 1988, largely because of a restructuring, 
e Generate Bank, the largest bank in Belgium, earned a consolidated net 
11.6 Belgian francs ($332 million) in 1993, up 8 percent from 1992. 

• Daimler-Benz AG is dropping plans to list its shares on the Hong Kong 
Stock E xchange in favor of a listing in Singapore, whore the Gironan 
automotive, aerospace and electronics conglomerate expects trading to 
begin by the end of June. 

• NonHwnfcen, the Swedish state-owned bank, ended talks with Wesf- 
dentsebe Landesbanh Girozemrale on the sale of its Carnegie Fondkom- 
mission brokerage unit 

• Medeva PLC, the British pharmaceutical manufacturer, said pretax 
profits jumped 28 percent in 1993, to £46.1 million, helped by acquisi- 
tions and expansion in Europe and the United States. 

• Mirror Group PLC earned £131.9 million before taxes in 1993, com- 

pared with a loss of £88.7 million in 1992; last year’s results were reduced 
by a one-time charge of £58 mfllion to recover pension funds lost by the 
group under Robert Maxwell AFP, AF, Bloomberg, Reuters 


Bull’s Net Loss 5 Billion FF 


CampUed by Our Staff Fran Dispatches 

PARIS — GroupeBulI, the trou- 
bled computer maker that is to be 
sold by the French state, said Tues- 
day that its net loss deepened to 
5.07 billion francs ($878 million) in 
1993, partly as a result of provi- 
sions ror restructuring. 

Its loss was 4.72 billion francs in 
1992. 

BuB said it had provided 1.65 
billion francs against 1993 earnings 
to cover restructuring this year and 


next. In 1992 such provisions 
reached 2.45 billion francs. 

The computer maker said that its 
net debt was 4.45 billion francs at 
the end of 1993. 

Bull said on Feb. 2 that its loss 
before restructuring provisions was 
3.42 billion francs, compared with 
237 billion in 1991 

Revenue, previously reported, 
was 2835 billion francs in 1993, 
down 6 percent from a year earlier. 

(Reuters, AFP) 


CHANNEL: Building Pan-Europ& an Television Proves an Uphill Battle 


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Continued from Page 13 

Pounds, Super Cbannd’s head of 
market research. “A dustman can 
be upper strata as long as he has a 
degree.” NBC however, does not 
want Dutch trash collectors. It 
wants big earners and big spenders. 
After all, it does not refer in its 
promotional literature merely to 
the AB audience. It speaks of the 
“lucrative” AB audience. The 
problem is that no one can tell 
NBC, much less its advertisers, if 
this audience has been reached. 

Compounding the problem of 
quirky national research is the ab- 
sence of Europe-wide audience re- 
search. As a legacy of the old days 
when television programming was 
the purview of state-subsidized na- 
tional broadcasters, many coun- 
tries never developed the sort of 
sophisticated people-meter systems 
long common in the United States 
to monitor continuously the tele- 
viewing of large sample audiences. 
While those systems do exist m 
Britain, Germany and the Nether- 
lands, they are, in the words of 
Super Channel’s sales chief, Peter 
ttnllnrd- “incompatible, mconsts- 
tenl and not comparable.” 

The daunting problems of selling 
h advertising on tnis ch ann e l , which 
■ Haims to reach nearly 60 million 
homes in 32 countries, are nmrored 
in the efforts to sell it to viewers. 
Although the bulk of the viewers 


reside within the boundaries of a 
single economic unit called the Eu- 
ropean Union, the marketing reali- 
ty suggests a picture largely unal- 
tered by years of political rhetoric 
about nations coming together for 
the good of alL 

“Pan-European marketing is dif- 
ficult, so country-by-country mar- 
keting becomes more the path you 
need to follow," NBCs Mr. Rogers 
said. Not surprisingly, NBC, which 
hopes to break even on Super 
Channel in three or four years, will 
devote (he largest slice of its spend- 
ing in that period to market re- 
search and marketing. 

In spite of all the teething prob- 
lems many specialists are con- 
vinced that Europe-wide television 
broadcasting is an idea that will fly. 
U I think there is too much momen- 
tum behind it at this point to stop 
it," said Jonathan Thmiow, Euro- 
pean media manager with McCann 
Ericson. 

In addition to expanding appe- 
tites for choice among European 
television audiences and the desire 
from advertisers to centralize then 
sales pitches, Mr. Thurlow and oth- 
ers see a third factor behind that 
momentum. That is the willingness 
of big media companies, led by the 
Americans, to invest the time and 
money it will take to make it all 


happen. 

“In the past the attempts to do 
this were low-profile, low-cost," 


“notice is hereby given of the 
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS 

to he held at Julius Baer Bank and Trust Company Ltd., 

Kirk House, Grand Cayman. Cayman Islands, 
on the 5th day of April, 1994 at 10 a.m. 


Slot* 


it* ■* - 




l\G E S D A 

1. lb receive and consider and. if j n £ ^ 

thoueht fit, adopt the accounts pre- i*« P« 

sealed by lhe Director, for die y«r 

ended Jlst December IWJ and rhe 
reports of the Directors and Auditors- 

2. lb ratify lhe acts of Directors. 

). To approve the appointment of Price ■> i« 
Waterhouse as Auditors and antboriee 
lhe Directors to fia the Auditors re- ^ ^ 
numeration. End : 

By trier efrbe Beefi of , 5th J 

7i/,« 9«r U.S.D*H*r Fund Lmttci 
P.O. Bax I ItlO, Gr*ni Cnyutee S 1 1 

Ceymeu ItlanJt- • Job 

A shareholder bidding regisir"* 
shares is entitled 10 aitend. vote an *P Q n 

point one or more prmies w Jtrend an 
vqtc instead nf him. A prn*> f ee n * Bar 

a shareholder of the cnmpanj- gjj 

A shareholder holding bearer shares ^ 

is entitled r» ancml and F* ercl ' c f Bir 

these rights in respect »f hearer s »« ^ 

will he 

at the Meeting of the hearer ^ 

w satisfactory esidence >'f 'he " 1 4 Sue 

Such evidence ma. »* .Joined hy “ L "' &Ki 

•ting the certificate with o" 1 -’ " 1 |J I 

\gwits listed licli"* again-' unite" i™- 

ceipt, which mo-i In - proJuicd at 

Vice imp. 9*P 1 jJ 


Copies of the Annual Report includ- 
ing Audited Account! are available far 
inspection and may be obtained ar the 
registered office of the Company and 
from the Agenrs listed below. 

There are no service contracts in 
existence between the Company and any 
of its Direct r.« and none arc proposed. 

Participating fhares are lilted on the 
London Stock Exchange and particular, 
of the Company are available in the 
End Statistic*! Sen-ice. 

JJth March. 

SlCBlT*«V ASD RlOUTlAB 

• joins Baer Bank and Trust Company Lt4 
KirL House, P.O. Sea 1 1W 

Grand Ckitoiu Cayman islands 

Agents ! 

a Bankjulius Baer & Co. Lid. 

Bahnhs-wrasa: M. EO. B«> 
gfllD /unc K Switeerlapd 

« B»nlt.lulios Baer JfcCn. Ltd. 

^.Marbl louse. Bn* Marks 
UnditnKftlArNF 

lulled Kingdom . 

« Si«ciclbncaireJidiusB»"^^ cnmt; 

ftK/loHdu-niarrcLROLB™ 

I -I I (icne-a ll.S-murtand 


said Rood Hendriks, NBC Super- 
cbaimers new managing director. 
Both Rupert Murdoch's Sky Tele- 
vision, which was unsuccessfully 
launched in Europe several years 
ago, and Super Channel under its 
former owners, the Manned fam- 
ily of Italy, feU into that group. In 
contrast, Mr. Hendriks plans not 
only a lavish promotional budget 
but also far fresher programming 
than decadcs-cdd episodes of the 
likes of “Lassie" and “Bonanza” 
favored by his predecessors. 

In addition to such imports as 
NBCs morning news show “To- 
day” and “The Tonight Slow with 
Jay Leno,” NBC Soper Channel 
has folded in several European of- 
ferings. From Germany, its biggest 
market, NBC Super Channel will 
w£D pick up “Frontal,” which it 
bills as a “political magazine 


show ” from the 2DF station; Eng- 
lish subtitles will be added. 

Similar ly, Super Channel is buy- 
ing the French television show 
“Ushnaia,” which chronicles such 
man - against- the-el ements activi- 
ties as glader swimming “It is a 
unique sport and very dangerous,” 
insisted Suzette Knittl, Super 
Channel’s bead of programming 


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PARIS 

A How to invest on the Chinese market 
A Banking system 
A Capital risk 
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KEY SPEAKERS 

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Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 



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For information on how to list your fund, fax Simon OSBORN at (33-1) 46 37 21 33 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


Daewoo Industries Joins 
Korea Train Consortium 


Page 17 

ASIA/PACIFIC 


AFP-Extd News 

' SEOUL —(SEc Alsthom, a joint 
P venture of Alcatel AJsthoiHf 

gnam, sad Tuesday that Daewoo 
Hnvy Industries Lid. would jS 
• Ite consortium it is leading to pro- 

of high-speed trains in South Korea. 

Tbc ; deafen lends a long-ninning 
Ajute with Daewoo. uSkThad 
rftl* action against GEC 
Atohon^ clamung that it should 

■ lead the local part of the consortium 

■ ““ rival Hyundai Pred- 

sm&HeawhidusnyCoL 

GEC Alsthom said that 34 out of 
a total 46 high-speed trains that 
will operate m South Korea will be 
produced locally. 

The trains will be assembled and 
. tested m Hyundai’s facilities while 
the locomotives will be produced 
. by Hyundai and Daewoo, it said. 
“Disputes have been solved,” a 
Daewoo executive said in response 
- to the GEC Alsthom announce- 

■ meat 

Daewoo also said that the com- 
. promise arranged by GEC Alsthom 

■ would expedite the conclusion of a 
: final contract with the South Kore- 

■ an government for the project, 


which has been valued at $13 billion. 

GEC Alsthom announced last 
year soon after it was nanwt con- 
sortium leader that Hyundai would 
be its leading local partner. 

. But Daewoo called for a coart 
“junction to stop GEC Alsthom 
from negotiating with the govern- 
ment on its final contract, citing a 
1992 agreement with the British- 
French company that stipulated 
the two Korean companies cooper- 
ate in bidding for the train project 

A South Korean court dismissed 
Daewoo’s request in February. But 
Daewoo threatened to take further 
legal action, contending that the 
court ruling did not nullify its 
agreement with GEC Alsthom. 

GEC Alsthom has agreed to al- 
low 50 percent local input in the 
manufacture of the trains and to 
transfer technology so that the 
country can produce its own trains 
within 10 years. 

■ CeUnlar Bidding Heals Up 

U.S. companies appear to be the 
front-runners in the bidding for a 
20 percent foreign share in South 
Korea’s lucrative second mob2e- 
phone business, according to an 
Agence France-Presse dispatch 
from Seoul 


The multinrilKon dollar project to 
develop and run South Korea’s sec- 
ond cellular phone network has put 
a dozen companies in a battle to win 
part of a combined 202 percent 
share allocated to foreign partners. 

The leading U.S. competitors 
died by local companies include 
Padel Corp, GTE Gm, Qual- 
comm Cop. and Nynex Carp. Oth- 
er bidders include Vodafone PLC of 
Britain, Hutchison Whampoa Ltd. 
of Hong Kong and Marniesmann 
Eurocom of Germany. 

“Currently, strong foreign bid- 
ders are mostly from the U.IL," said 
Cho Sung Won at Sinsegi Mobile, a 
subsidiary of Pofaang Iron ft Steel 
Co., which has been selected to lead 
the local consortium and will select 
the foreign partners. 

SinsegTs American partner, Pac- 
id Corp., has been seen as having an 
upper hand in the elaborate screen- 
ing process, but Pohang said the 
bidding would be open loaD foreign 
companies. 

The major foreign shareholder 
would not be able to hold more than 
10 percent of the total share. 

Local analysis estimated the 
phone network would have annual 
sales of 52 S billion by 2000. 


BP Favored for China Accord 


BEIJING — China win probably award oil survey 
rights to a Mode in the potentially rich Tarim basin tn 
a five-member consortium led by British Petroleum 
Co_ a senior Chinese oQ official has said. 

“For the third block, we may sign the seismic 
contract with BP,” Zeng Xingqiu, vice president of 
China National Oil ft Gas Exploration ft Develop- 
ment Corp., said on Monday. 

Seismic surveys use explosives to produce shock 
waves to map underground structures. 

Included in the exploration joint venture are Nip- 
pon Oil Exploration Co. and Itochu Oil Exploration. 
Industry sources said two more companies may also 
be involved, including Mitsui Ltd. Tne agreement is 
expected to be signed before month's end. 

The block, which measures 15,000 square kilome- 
ters (5,800 square miles), is one of five Tarim blocks in 
China's Xinjiang province that were offered for for- 
eign exploration in early 1993. 

The first of the five blocks was awarded late last year 
to Exxon Cop. and Japan-Indonesia Petroleum Corp. 


Success or failure of exploration in the remote 
northwest desert will have a major impact on China's 
energy future, Western energy analysts said 

Analysts said they expect China will become a net 
erode oil importer tins year for the first time in decades. 

The East-West Center in Hawaii predicted domestic 
crude output would stagnate around 2.9 million bar- 
rels per day this year while oil consumption swells by 
10 percent. 

The energy research institute said crude oD imports 
win climb to 400,000 barrels per day from 310,000 
bands in 1993 with exports, a valuable source of hard 
currency, slipping to 360,000 bands from 371,000. 

The Tarim ocnild hold one-third to one-half of the 
proven reserves of Saudi Arabia, some Chinese 
sources estimated. 

After a string of major discoveries. China National 
Petroleum Corp. has thrown an army of drillers and 
workers, estimated by sane sources at over 15,000 
strong, into exploration and pilot development. 

The first Tarim Basin oil made its way to refineries 


in. Gansu province in 1991 and sources estimated 
The pxmd was awarded in Fcbruaryto a consortium d of the fidds in the basin could 


five foreign companies led by Agip SpA of Italy. 

Other members in Agip’s group were units of Elf 
Aquitaine and Texaco Inc, as well as Japan Petroleum 
Exploration Corp. and Japan Energy Co. 

BFs agreement would involve only seismic surveys 
over a three-year period, »mlhce the accords with the 
other consortia, which also involve drilling and are 
much longer. 


production capacity of the fidds in the basin could 
reach 100,000 bands per day by 1996. 

But even if companies strike it rich in the Tarim's 
harsh climate, they still have to move the ofl a huge 
distance to eastern markets. 

Mr. Zeng said China was conducting feasibility 
studies to build a 3p004dlometer (2,050-mile) pipe- 
line from Xinjiang to Loyang, Hunan province. 


Kajima 9 s Stock 
Prospers Despite 
Image Problems 


Bloomberg Business News 

TOKYO —With its image in 
tatters because of its prominent 
role in Japan's unfolding influ- 
ence-peddling scandal, Kajima 
Corp., the Japanese construc- 
tion company, would not seem 
to be a glamour stock. 

But Kajima's shares have ad- 
vanced an eye-opening 25 per- 
cent in the past six months, 
while other construction stocks 
have fallen an average of 4 per- 
cent during the same period. 
Kaj ima dosed up 2 yen Tues- 
day at 950. 

Kajima faces nasty legal 
challenges, declining earnings, 
and a protracted slump in the 
country’s office market. De- 
spite these woes, analysts 
saidtbey believed Kajima's fi- 
nancial clout would be a big 
advantage during the coming 
consolidation in Japan’s ailing 
construction industry. 

Kajima is not saddled with 
big debts, which axe dogging 
some of its competitors. In Ja- 
pan, construction companies 
often agree to co-sign loans for 
real estate developer; in order 
to land contracts. If thing * go 
badly, the construction compa- 
nies become liable for the loans. 
But Kajima's so-called loan 
guarantee ratio is only 3.6 per- 
cent of total sales, compared 
with the industry average of 
about 8 percent, according to 
Masaioshi Shioiri, an analyst at 
UBS Securities. 

That is a big reason why in- 
vestors have snapped up Ka- 
jima shares. As competition for 
fewer contracts beats up, merg- 
ers or even bankruptcies wm 
become common. Tne players 
with the deepest pockets will be 
poised to gam. 

Kajima is nnmtfhi»fi>s 3 heading 
into a tough stretch. The compa- 
ny is forecasting pretax profit 
mil fall 30 percent, to 62 billion 
yen, in its financial year ending 
at March 31. The company pro- 
jects sales to fall 13 percent, to 
1.7 billion yen. 

Legal challenges wiD not ease, 
either. Tokyo prosecutors last 
week raided Kajima's company 
headquarters and the home its 
president as part of its investiga- 
tion of Kishiro Nakamura, the 
former construction minister 
who is suspected of taking a 10 


million yen (595,000) bribe from 
the company to call off a govern- 
meal bid-rigging probe. 

As the allegations and arrests 
grow, Japanese central and local 
governments, along with compa- 
nies such as Tokyo Gas Ca, 
have pulled or delayed contracts 
with Kajima. 

71» real danger is that Ka- 

C t could be barred from the 
's share of lucrative con- 


As the 

allegations and 
arrests grow, 
government 
agencies have 
polled or delayed 
contracts with 

Kaj ima. 


tracts to build facilities in Na- 
gano, in central Japan, for the 
1998 Winter Olympics. 

But investors willing to ride 
out Kajima's troubles see plen- 
ty of underlying financial 
strength in the company. It had 
assets of 3 trillion yen at the end 
of September. 

■ U.S. Alleges Bid-Fixing 

The UJS. government is seek- 
ing compensation from Japa- 
nese construction companies 
for allegedly inflating the costs 
of work on a U.S. naval base by 
rigging bids, the Associated 
Press reported. 

The U.S. Justice Department 
has complained the government 
was overcharged for work done 
at the base at Atsogl near To- 
kyo, an official from Japan’s 
foreign nrinislry said Tuesday. 

The official did not say how 
much the United States was 
seeking, but repots put the 
amount at 1.1 billion yen and 
said 73 companies were in- 
volved. 

Construction Minis ter KOZO 
Igarasfai said his ministry would 
look into the UJS. base allega- 
tions, but noted that investiga- 
tions into bid-rigging are the job 
of the Fair Trade Commission. 


Minebea 
Links With 
Germans 


Compiled by Oar Staff From Dispatches 

BANGKOK — Minebea Ca of 
Japan and FAG Kugdfischcr Gaxg 
Sdififer KGaA of Germany, two of 
the wold’s biggest makers of ball 
bearings, signed a simply agreement 
on Tuesday that would allow each to 
concentrate on iLs areas of strength. 

Both companies have had finan- 
cial difficulues in recent years, and 
they said the pact was meant to 
lessen their investment needs and 
reduce production costs. 

Minebea, the target of a failed 
U.S.-British takeover attempt in 
1985, is to supply FAG with ball 
bearings of up to 24 millim etres 
(0.96 inch), according to Goto Ogjn- 
o, president of the Japanese compa- 
ny. FAG is to supply Minebea with 
bearings or 24 to 30 rnilfirnetere. 

PetejJOigen Kucher, chief execu- 
tive of FAG, said the agreement was 
designed to expand the product line 
of Us company without requiring 
massive investment in factories and 
equipment. The pact was not aimed 
at giving FAG better access to the 
Japanese market, he said. 

FAG, whose 1993 sales totaled 
about 3 billion Deutsche marks (52 
billion), has manuf a cturing centos 
in Europe, North America, Brazil 
and India. The company said it has 
been undergoing substantial restruc- 
turing due to operating lasses for the 
past three years. 

Minebea sold a majority of its 
computer-chip operations last year 
to Nippon Steel Corp. In 1992, the 
company exiled the cosmetics busi- 
ness. (AP, Bloomberg, Reuters) 


Acer Says Ruling 
WUl Bring Profits 

Return 

TAIPEI — Acer Inc., the largest 
personal computer mak er in Tai- 
wan, stud Tuesday it would reap a 
financial windfall from its victory 
in an important patent dispute with 
a UJS. company. 

The Taipei District Court last 
week threw out a suit by Zeny 
Computer Systems alleging that 
Acers "ChjpUp” technology, 
which upgrades the performance of 
an Intel Corp. 80386 central pro- 
cessing unit to the 486 level, was 
pirated from Zeny. 

The court decision also showed 
that Taiwan’s computer industry, 
long dependent on foreign technol- 
ogy, is gaming the ability to devel- 
op its own world-class technology 
in some areas, securities analysts 
and industry officials said. 



Sources: Reuters, AFP 


Very briefly! 

• NKK Corp. intends to cat its work face by 4^500, to 17,700, by March 
1997, as part of a toughened restructuring plan; the steelmaker said it would 
cut capital spending to 140 billion yen ($1 billion) over the three years to 
March 1997 from 450 bfflkm yen in the three years to March 1994. 

• Japan Air lines, which is expecting a big loss for the year and is 
trimming its payroll, said it would widen pay cuts for its chairman and 
president to 30 percent from the 20 percent in effect since 1992; the 
airline said the pay cuts imposed on 34 other executives would be 
expanded by 5 percentage points. 

• Cebu Socrtfa Expressway, a road project to be financed by $294.6 million 
in Japanese aid, has been approved by President Fidel Ramos of the 
Philippines. 

• Vietnam’s exports for this year's first two months expanded by 25 
percent from January-February last year, to $433 mOhon, but the nation 
still ran a trade deficit S32 million, Vietnam News Agency reported. 

• IBM Japan Ilrt. waking with NHK Educational ConL, a subsidiary of 
Japan's public television corporation, has developed interactive CD- 
ROMs on English conversation and dieting for personal computers. 

AP, AFP. Retaerx AFX 


Fast Growth Pollutes China 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 
BEIJING — China said on Tues- 
day its staging economy was raising 
pollution in the country. 

Qu Gcping, head at Bering’s En- 
vironmental Protection Agency, 
said urban waste in most cities was 
not being properly treated. “Organic 
pollution of many parts of rivers 
running through cities and lakes is 
generally below standard. Air pollu- 
tion is northern dries is getting 
worse: Add rain in southwestern 
areas is expanding,” Mr. Qu said. 


Mr. Qu estimated annual losses 
to the economy as a result of pollu- 
tion totaled 100 trillion yuan (512 
billion), adding that he had no esti- 
mate for to human beings 
who must live and work in the 
rapidly deteriorating environment. 

China, with 1.2 trillion people, has 
posted 13 percent annual economic 
growth for two years running — 
boosting incomes and wealth but 
also sharpening strains on an eco- 
system already burdened by the 
huge population. (Reuters, AP) 


S’ * 





NYSE 

TuMday’a dosing 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the closing on Wall Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Vte The Associated press 

(Continued) 

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The International Herald Tribune 
and the State Commission for 
Restructuring the Economic 
Systems of the PRC are delighted 
to welcome Asea Brown Boveri, 
Caltex Petroleum and 
Peregrine Investments Holdings as 
official Summit Sponsors of the 
1994 China Summit Meeting. 


The International Herald Tribune and the 
State Commission for Restructuring the Economic 
Systems of China are inviting the world’s 
business leaders to an unprecedented summit 
meeting on China's economic reform. 

Us aim is to foster a dialogue as well as 
business development opportunities at the 
highest levels amongst the leaders of the Chinese 
government and the international business 
community. 

The Summit, “The Socialist Market 
Economy of the People’s Republic of China, 
1994-2000: Implications for Global Business", will 
be held in Beijing on May 11th, 12th and 13th of 
this year. 

Participating will be the major figures of the 
Government of China as well as key provincial 
government and slate industry leaders. It will be 
are opportunity to hear and personally meet the 
people who are driving China’s economic 
direction into the next millennium. 


As you would expea with an event of this 
stature, it will be a closed-door meeting and will 
not be open to the general public. 

The International Herald Tribune Is inviting 
a limited number of the largest multinational 
corporations with a stake in the future of the 
Chinese economy to participate as sponsors. The 
three levels of sponsorship offer corporations the 
opportunity to express, at the highest level, their 
commitment to China's economic development, 
gain worldwide exposure and advertising 
benefits, and learn Fust hand about the latest 
changes in China’s reform program. 

For a complete information package, 
please fax Mr. Richard McClean, Publisher, 
at +33 U) 46372133. Or call on +33 CD 46379301. 

The 1994 China Summit will be the most 
significant gathering of international business and 
the Chinese government in recent history. 


Confirmed Smmmt Sponsors 



PEREOTiE 


Summit Sponsorship, the top level of participation, is limited to four. 

Companies interested in the final Summit Sponsor slot should contact the IHT no later than 18th March 1994. 


INTERNATIONAL 


runjsmD nn tw tvs uo tub K*1 






r 


Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


NASDAQ 


13 Month 

Hr>i Low Stuck 


Shi 

YW PE 100* 


Htoti LowLnttttaroe 


Tuesday’s Prices 

NASDAQ prices as of 4 pun. New York time. 


This list complied by the AP, consists of the 1,000 
most traded securities Fn terms of dollar value, it to 
updated twice a year. 



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,4 355 30* 70* 20* — * 

35 1654 24* 25 -to 

15 398 16to 16 16to -to 


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AMEX 


12 Month 
HWiLowMoc* 


PFv YW Pg IQte jjBh LowLatWtOi’l 


Tuesday’s doftng 

Tables include the nationwide prices up to 
the closing on Wafl Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 


■a. a* 

M 1 IS 
-09e A - 
.01 J - 
l.48e 9,4 _ 
J5T 9.7 _ 


22 5 * 

II 18ft 
21 25* 
353 llto 
93 15 
2i as* 
147 5H 
78 14* 
21 9* 

821 4 

21 4 


12 Month 
High Low Slock 


DFw YM PE 101b High LnwLrtHOi'oe 


9* 8* AIM Str 
34* 14* AUC 
II 9toAMlrmn 
lto, to AM in wt 
14* 7HAMC 
24to2F*AMCor 
S >V»ARC 
36 Vk 24V. ARM F pf 


Vht 1V5.A5H J3814J „ 

75* 63* ATT Pd 2J0« 4J _. 


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6to toAdtfMctrr 
Ito 2* Aero-ion 
lAto BtoAirWot 
24 IStoAirExn 
4to toAircna 
7* 5* Atonai 


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_ 50 

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_. 19 61 

_ _ 40 

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_ 51 1380 

JO .9 16 884 

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— — 390 


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_ ?6 29 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994- 



SIEMENS 








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Toronto: Softdrink 


manufacturer Cott is re-engineering its 
business with R/3 LIVE. 




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With a profit increase of 184% in the 
past year, Cott Corporation requires 
a flexible IT application system as 
a basis for the company's future 
growth. Siemens Nixdorf has met 
all of the needs with an open sys- 
tem architecture package, including 
scaleable hardware, user-friendly 
software and comprehensive inte- 
gration services. At the heart of the 
re-engineered business infrastruc- 
ture is a high-performance RISC, 
computer running the state-of-the- 
art business application R/3 LIVE. It 
is "Live" with Colt's customers, the 
retailers, and its supply chain part- 


ners via Electronic Data Exchange. 
Colt's employees are "Live" with 
the system through more than 600 
terminals across North America. 
And it's "Live" because of the ongo- 
ing system integration services. 
These are provided by the special- 
ists at Siemens Nixdorf's "North 
American Center of Expertise", and 
include facilities management and 
global communications network. 
Even more "Live" is the relation- 
ship between Colt's personnel and 
Siemens Nixdorf. In fact, it has 
grown into a successful internation- 
al IT partnership. 




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DVTERJVATIONAJL HERALD TRIBUNE , WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


SIEMENS 


NIXDORF 


Johannesburg: Reader's Digest, 
looking good with Siemens Nixdorf. 


Every year. Reader's Digest South 
Africa moves about 1,220 km closer 
to its readers. That's the length 
of paper this publishing house uses 
for its direct mail promotions.The 
customers aren't just 1.5 million 
South African readers. They also in- 
clude an increasing number of com- 
panies which make use of a variety 
of services offered by this world 
leader in direct marketing. The print- 
ers are the key: as well as tried and 
tested non-impact printers, there 
are new, ultra-fast Siemens Nixdorf 
printers with LED-plus technology. 
They offer a huge choice of type- 
faces and special effects, and make 


it possible to print two DIN A4 pages 
alongside each other, providing 
Reader's Digest graphic artists with 
more creative scope in designing 
circulars. The Siemens Nixdorf 
printers process around six million 
sheets of paper a month, ultra-fast, 
and extremely cheaply. Each page 
costs Reader's Digest South Africa 
less than five cents, compared with 
six to ten cents for a normal copier. 
No wonder that Siemens Nixdorf 
printers are the best for Reader's 
Digest "Our graphic designers are 
wild about the new system", says 
Colin Palmer, MIS Manager at 
Reader's Digest South Africa. 


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London: Selfridges rings the changes 
with Beetles for their point of service 
systems. 


Siemens Nixdorf in Great Britain is 
just embarking upon a major pro- 
ject for Selfridges. With over 20 
million customers. Selfridges is one 
of the world's largest department 
stores. The store has ordered 430 
BEETLE terminals to provide the 
basis for a system to improve both 
the quality of customer service and 
the efficiency of customer transac- 
tions. Siemens Nixdorf will be instal- 
ling and networking the devices in 
all 313 departments of Selfridges. 
The new system will use advanc- 
ed open system s- 
based software 
from Siemens 
Nixdorf partner 
RTC and allows 
details of more 
than a million 
different products 


to be accessed from all BEETLE 
terminals. Faster, more efficient 
customer service will be provided 
through facilities such as accepting 
a range of foreign currencies and 
providing electronic authorisation 
of cheques. The BEETLE terminals 
provide a single hardware solution 
to a diverse range of applications, 
ranging from traditional point of 
sale, through Estimating (Carpets, 
Curtains etc) and Bridal Registry, to 
Delivery Scheduling. The contract 
with Selfridges takes the total num- 
ber of Beetles sold worldwide over 
the 150,000 mark, 
providing a further 
illustration of 
Siemens NixdorPs 
expertise in PC- 
based point 
of sale systems. 


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Nieder-Olm: At Eckes, everything 
flows more smoothly on BS2000. 


Eckes Edelkirsch, Chantre, Mariacron, 
Echter Nordhauser, hohes C, and 
Dr Koch's: Eckes products are drunk 
all over Germany. The name has 
stood for quality and good taste for 
decades - and the consumer won't 
accept anything Jess. Even though 
the competition is getting tougher, 
Eckes is still on top. The IT system 
at Eckes is also on top, thanks to its 
R/2 standard commercial software 
from Siemens Nixdorf's strategic 
partner SAR The software includes 
modules for everything from fixed 
asset and cost accounting and per- 
sonnel and materials management ,, 
through to logistics and sales. % 

R/2 is driven for the ^ ft 

whole group of com- - 

panies by a high- 

power S iemens T > X J -v 

Nixdo rf H100 host v _■ ...\ { j ‘ a. . J l; 

operating under 

BS2000, with around ■> g _ ■ ,t>. 

300 connected ter- ' YV ' - : 


minals.The BS2000 computer man- 
ages large volumes of R/2 data 
reliably and quickly, so that routine 
daily business flows more smooth- 
ly at Eckes. Orders from Germany 
and abroad can be processed faster, 
current trends evaluated more 
effective/y, and new marketing strat- 
egies planned more efficiently. 
Siemens Nixdorf organizational 
quality goes hand in hand 
with Eckes brand 


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Page 21 


Frankfurt 
The right reactions 

produce a new 

chip card system 
forHoechst. 


The old factory pass has had its day 
at Hoechst. Working with Siemens 
AG, Siemens Nixdorf has replaced 
it with an intelligent, multi-function- 
al chip card system. Hoechst com- 
missioned Siemens Nixdorf for 
the project because "it was import- 
ant for us to cooperate with a part- 
ner who we could entrust with the 
entire responsibility" says Werner 
Schrper, project manager at Hoechst 
So the chemistry was right be- 
tween the world's second largest 
chemicals company and Europe's 
largest computer company. Siemens 
Nixdorf went to work with Siemens 
AG Semiconductors Division. After 
an extensive analysis, a new chip 
card was jointly developed. Com- 
bined with 250 terminals and 15 con- 
centrators, it handles several tasks: 
recording hours worked, access 



control for sensitive 
areas, and cashless 
payment A special fea- 
ture of the ID production 
system is the on-line generation of 
the "passport photograph", with 
a colour code for the relevant de- 
partment, in a single process. The 
computer controls access in sensi- 
tive areas of company operations; 
in the canteen, it will be able to reg- 
ister bills for meals and transferthe 
amounts for deduction from the 
workers' wages; in the various pro- 
duction establishments, it records 
the hours worked. The data is swift- 
ly processed by the central compu- 
ter, in time for incorporation in the 
next wage slip, for example. More 
protection against unauthorized 
access, and more cost-efficiency 
in accounting - all this makes 
Hoechst very enthusiastic about its 
new chip card system, and the co- 
operation that made it possible. 
Werner Schroer speaks highly of 
the "good cooperation" and the 
"smooth course of project imple- 
mentation". 


Paris: France Telecom uses Siemens 
Nixdorf server for system integration. 


Few computer companies have 
shown such commitment to open 
and integrated systems as Siemens 
Nixdorf, the European market lead- 
er in UNIX® multi-user systems 
and a founder member of all the 




leading organizations for standard 
interfaces. Precisely the right quali- 
fications for France Telecom. The 
company commissioned Siemens 
Nixdorf to supply efficient servers 
based on UNIX and OS/2 PCs to be 
perfectly integrated into its existing 
system architecture. More than 
1,200 tower PCs as servers and 
5,000 desktop PCs were installed at 
the company -all integrated into 
the existing network infrastructure 
of mainframes, servers and PCs 
from other manufacturers. The suc- 
cess is due to close cooperation 
between R&D engineers from the 
French PC plant of Siemens Nixdorf 
and technical specialists from France 
Telecom, as well as between the 
R&D teams in France and Germany. 
The result: France Telecom now 
has a modern client-server net- 
work of computers which mutual- 
ly complement and strengthen 
each other. While mainframes 
manage the central corporate 
data, various applications run 
on the application servers 
-from customer and person- 
nel administration, through 
work planning, to marketing. 
All data can be accessed 
. from every computer. It 
means a modem distribu- 
tion of tasks that introduces greater 
economic efficiency to the France 
Telecom organization. 


Maputo: 

For Banco de Mogambique, the 
Siemens Nixdorf client-server solution 
is chosen as an ideal investment. 




Copenhagen: Danish retailers play the right 
card with Siemens Nixdorf. 


Of 13 computer companies that pre- 
sented bids to Banco de Mogambi- 
que, only one emerged victorious. 
With its proposed client-server solu- 
tion, Siemens Nixdorf won the mufti- 
million DM commission, financed 
by the World Bank, to provide Banco 


availability computers with ultra-fast 
RISC processors for central data 
storage. They are linked via a net- 
work of RM400 branch servers, PCs 
and peripherals to form a client- 
server network which connects 27 
branches. The contract included 
preparation of a secure computer 


Denmark has set the crown on cash- 
less payment transactions. The new 

Danmefnt cards are especially suit- 
able for small payments. They ran 

be used practically everywhere as 
an alternative to Danish Krone 
- whether as a telephone card or in 

fast-food restaurants, service sta 

tions, kiosks or museums.TTie pr^ 

paid cards issued by 
a company owned by the Dan ish 
banks and telephone compares 
are based on chip technology fro™ 

.Siemens. The D^terr^nafor 

♦the’ Danm0nt cardswasdeveloped 
by Siemens Nixdorf. H: is hnked to 
either Siemens N'xdorfPOSsys- 
tems, used in a stand alonevers^n 
or connected to cash r 9 

terris from other man 

throughout the retail trade, um 


is very easy to use. After inserting 
the card, the balance due and the 
amount payable is displayed. Press 
a button to accept, and the amount 
is paid and recorded in the Danmdrit 
terminal. Everyone benefits from 
this new cashless payment system. 
The retail trader no longer needs to 
give change, and needs less cash in 
the drawer. This makes it less attrac- 
tive to thieves. And the Danmdnt 
card-holder has a convenient way 
of paying which eliminates coins 
and small notes. 


de Mogambique (The Central Bank) room with installation of fire protec- 
and Banco Commercial de Mog- tion and network cabling, 

ambique (Commercial Bank) Now Banco Commercial de 

with a modern EDP Mogambique will be oper- 

facility. ^ atin 9 with state of the art 
* ' ' '$ technology. Information 

0. r on customer accounts, 

~ transactions, loans, con- 
tracts or currency busi- 
ness can now be eval- 
uated, exchanged be- 
tween computers, 

. and managed effec- 
\ tively.Forthebank/rt 
means greater effi- 
ciency and, for the 
customers, a better 
faster service. The Cen- 
■ tral Bank, apart from dramatically 

For the improving the operating conditions. 
Central Bank, as will also benefitffom the data corn- 

well as the headquarters of patibility for bank supervision and 
the Banco Comercial, Siemens control and data consolidation for 

Nixdorf installed UNIX RM600 high macro economic management. 





UN DC is a registered trademark of UNIX System Laboratories Inc. In the USA and other countries. 








Page 22 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY., MARCH 16, 1994 


SIEMENS 


NIXDORF 


Brussels: Totalisator organization backs 
a winner with Siemens Nixdorf. 


Siemens Nixdorfs new System for 
the Pari Mutuel Unifie (PMU) - the 
Belgian totalisator agency for horse- 
race-betting - looks like a winner. 
PMU has installed two BS2000 main- 
frames at the Brussels headquar- 
ters, and more than 1,900 PCs at bet- 
ting shops throughout the country. 
This computer capacity and spe- 
cially-designed software programs 
have PMU's customer service and 
administration running at a crack- 
ing pace. The PC network means 
that the punters have more time to 
play their favorite game, because 
the period for betting is now extend- 
ed until shortly before the race. 

At the touch of a key, data is sent 
from betting offices direct to head- 
quarters via a permanent on-line 
connection or over the telephone 


network. This means that just be- 
fore the start, thousands of trans- 
actions can accumulate, all running 
together in the central office. Secur- 
ity is a key aspect of this critical ap- 
plication: the two central systems are 
linked together, so all transactions 
are "mirrored" on both computers. 
The principle: double data proces- 
sing giving double data security. 

In opting for the Siemens Nixdorf 
solution, PMU has certainly backed 
the right horse. The new system 
cuts through all the previous logis- 
tical problems, and saves costs and 
a lot of time. But that's not all - the 
new organizational solution has 
generated some new ideas and will 
allow PMU to launch new types of 
games, such as the new 'Bingoal' 
football betting system. 



¥ 



. ■> > TV:- l|l- V* 

> > f v \ • v ;j . !>: 


Offenbach: Deutsche Flugsicherung orders 
Best Security 2000" with BS2000. 


n 




For Deutsche Flugsicherung (DFS), 
security comes first. When it needed 
a cost-effective all-inclusive solu- 
tion for commercial information pro- 
cessing, it took a long, hard look at 
the range available, and concluded 
that only one company met the re- 
quirements: Siemens 
Nixdorf. The solu- 
tion: a BS2000 uni- 
versal computerfor 
the Offenbach head- 
quarters, with stand- 
ard R/2 commercial 
software including all 
modules, from fixed asset 
accounting to distribution. 

Linked to the system are the 
PCs at headquarters and offices 
at German airports, which have 
continuous access to BS2000 data 
and the capacity to process it. As 
well as data supply, the BS2000 
ensures "Best Security 2000" 
reducing downtime on 
all connected sys- 
tems practi- 
cally to 


zero. All installation work was com- 
pleted in just a few weeks. Siemens 
Nixdorf has taken responsibility for 
service and DP management in the 
DFS computer center. Siemens 
Nixdorf also provides support in 
specialized areas of the company's 
operation for introducing new SAP 
modules and servicing existing 
modules, using experts who know 
the systems inside out For Deut- 
sche Flugsichenjng,this means 
not just more security, but also 
reduced costs. Just as you 
would expect from a cost- 
effective, all-inclusive 
solution. 


Stockholm: Siemens Nixdorf 


helps Swedish employment 
offices find jobs. 


To make sure that job-seekers get 
the right job at the right time in the 
right place, Swedish employment 
offices have gone to the company 
with the right answer: Siemens 
Nixdorf and its multi-level client- 
server system. More than 750 UNIX 
systems in local employment offices 
act as application clients for over 
7,500 PC workstations across the 
country -from recruitment and 
placement services through to job 
information, documentation, statis- 
tics and archiving. All the compu- 
ters are connected to three BS2000 
mainframes at the Stockholm 
Employment Center. The BS2000 
systems operate as database serv- 
ers round the clock. During the day, 
they provide the local computers 
with central data and printing ser- 
vices. At night, they batch-process 


important data, save it and send the 
updated information back to the 
networked computers - in some 
cases, across up to 2,000 km.The 
BS2000 computers also distribute 
software updates direct to UNIX - . 
systems in the local employment 
offices. Thanks to the client-server . 
network, the Swedish employment 
offices can give their clients much 
faster and more effective advice. 
They always have up-to-date infor- 
mation on what jobs are being 
offered and by whom - and, using 
special programs, they can provide 
job counselling at the individual 
level. 


£j 




Plzen: Pilsner 
Urquellgoestothe 
right source for 
its organizational 
solution. 


When national trade barriers came 
down, the Pilsner brewery in the 
Czech Republic threw away its old 
information processing system as 
well. It was a relic from the past, 
totally unable to meet the needs of 
the newly-formed joint stock com- 
pany. Siemens Nixdorf provided a 
new brew of hardware, network- 
ing, training and service. It installed 
an MX500 server using the SINIX® C 
open operating system and serv- 
ing 80 workstations, all 
interconnected via the 
existing telephone net- 
work. This meant cost 
and time savings and 
made it possible to set 
up a remote service line 
to Siemens Nixdorf ser- 
vice technicians in Prague, 
Munich and Paderborn. 
From those locations, prob- 
lems such as program errors 
can be diagnosed and put right 
without delay, often in a matter of 
minutes, via the computer hotline. 
The program is the L5000 
' market-specific software pack- 


Personal .- 


foiild-Be 




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For further information, please contact: 
Siemens Nixdorf 
Informationssysteme AG, UK 41, 
Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, D-81739 Munchen 


Hb 




Synergy at work 


age from Weihenstephan business ’ ^ 

consultants, which runs all the brew- 
ery's business management func- 
tions, from stores and accounting 
through to domestic distribution 
and export. In choosing Siemens 
Nixdorf to supply its organizational 
solution, the original Pilsner brew- 
ers tapped into a rich source of n 
expertise, and is now geared up to 
compete internationally. 


S. 




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Page 23 


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International Herald Tribune 



A Special Report 


Wednesday , ; March 16, 1994 

Parti 


Information Technology 

Multimedia, Computers That Talk, Dance and Sing 


% Peter R Lewis 

A ™ 5 A DECADE of displaying 

Mf h l «“dpaplu (s ,^S 

P?™* 80 occasional chip or fee- 

-“sgSSSS 

S m and other advai^fot^^ 
or abstraa buzzword, rmilti- 
s > stems have entered the 

I^ y V\ rmd software programs 
j* 1 0 ® er **. rudimentary sound 

jgjf* animaff hdp 

SSSBBSSSSHS 

prams usually the most bonne of productiv- 
tty appheanons — have added video dips, 
voice annotation and other multimedia tech- 


— and educational software have been 
transformed with video dips, interactive story 
toes, CD-quality sound and colorful anima- 
tions. To take advantage of the superior soft- 
ware, customers in the United States are rash- 
to buy PCs equipped with a CD-ROM 
drives, stereo speakers, microphones for voice 
mmit, graphical operating system software, 
tod big, color screens. 

“Multimedia PCs are now outselling regular 
PCs, at least in the home," said Tony Bove, 
editor of Inside Report on New Media, a 
computer industry newsletter published in 
Gualala, California. 

Mr. Bove’s observation is confirmed by the 
market research firm Dataquest lnc_ in San 
Jose, California, which notes that sales of mul- 
timedia computer systems increased 18-fold in 

1091 nvpr ifv* nmiinnc VMr 


1993 over the previous year. 
The trend has yet to 


take off in Europe; 


where the use of personal computers by indi- 
viduals stiS lag that in the United States. In 
Asia, multimedia is even less developed. 

But in the United States computer makers 
such as Apple Computer Jnc., Packard Bell 
Md the Compaq Computer Carp, now report 
that multimedia systems account for fully half 
of their sales in the home and small business 
market 

Those figures are not lost on software devel- 
opers, especially those creating entertainment 
and educational titles. Most major business 
software developers already have, or are about 
co add. multimedia features. 

The rapid adoption of CD-ROM disks, 
which resemble audio compact disks but bold 
computer data, has allowed software develop- 
ers to include video clips, high-quality anima- 
tions and CD-quality sound along with more 
conventional data types. 

At computer industry gatherings these days, 
it is not unusual to see rode rmL^rianc and 
movie moguls mrng Hn g with the “nerds" — 
albeit millionaire nerds — who are more com- 
monly associated with the software industry. 

Silicon Valley is turning to film and televi- 
sion directors, actors and actresses, rode musi- 
cians and music producers and even screen- 
writers to design the next generation of 
software titles. 

Reflecting the rising cooperation between 
the entertainment and computer industries, 
one company, called 7th Level, has dual head- 
quarters in Los Angeles and Dallas. Its princi- 
pals include a Hollywood producer, a Texas 
software executive, and a former member of 
the bands Pink Floyd and Toto. 

The comedian and television actor Howie 
Mandefl lends his voices to 7th Level's first 
title, an animated children’s program called 
Ttmdand (a second title features England’s 
Monty Python group), and a recent company 


Multimedia Takes Center Stage 



Multimedia systems: ->-1.833% in 1993 




2.46 


mH^nunite^'- 


iS&;-«*ie5Sr 


Upgrade kits: +59% in 1953 




% :■* 


J 


m 




DBmEe 


Source: Dataquest 



party attracted the former junk-bond financier 
Michael Milken, the actresses Michelle Pfeiffer 
and Shelly Duvall, and random specimens 
from the Los Angeles music and art societies. 

Microsoft Carp., the world’s largest software 
company, has formed a new division to pro- 
duce multimedia titles for the home, including 
the popular Encarta encyclopedia on CD- 
ROM; Cmemama, a movie guide that includes 
video dips; and a guide to the art in London's 
National Gallery. Such CD-ROM titles typi- 
cally cost less than SI 00, only slightly higher 
than the average prices for earlier generations 
of programs distributed on diskette. 


DaHSMr/tRT 


Roberta W illiams, a co-founder of the enter- 
tainment software company Sierra On-Line 
Inc. and creator of the popular “King’s Quest” 
series of games, said her latest King’s Quest 
CD-ROM title required the services of Holly- 
wood animators, artists, singers, composers, 
directors and set designer, in addition to the 
usual complement of programmers. 

“We have an Emm y Award-winning direc- 
tor from television, and some awesome voice 
talent,” Ma. Williams noted. “Robby Benson is 
the voice of Alexander, the mam character." 
Mr. Benson also provided the voice for The 
Beast in tbe Disney film “Beauty and the 


Beast.” Underscoring the synergy between the 
film and computer industries, the Disney mov- 
ie relied heavily on computer-generated graph- 
ics to augment the more conventionally pro- 
duced fllastrations. 

Ms. WiOrams agreed that the multimedia 
tread affects more than personal computers. 
“When you have foB-motion video and actors 
and sets, there’s going to be this great blurring 
of Hollywood, video games, computer games, 
gurry , machim* and computers in tbe next five 
years," she said. 

Games, including Broderbund’s “Myst" and 
Lucas Arts’ “Tie fighter," and rock video 
software, including “Xplora 1: Peter Gabriel's 
Secret World,” ran MacPlay. show off the 
technical capabilities of multimedia. But judg- 
ing from the crowds at recent multimedia soft- 
ware exhibits, including the giant Comdex Fall 
trade exhibit and Consumer Electronics Show 
in Las Vegas, tbe driving application for multi- 
media appears to be “adult” CD-ROMs. 

At one software booth, throngs of male 
customers grabbed copies of the CD-ROM 
title “LA. Strippers: Bikes & Babes St Rode 
VRoEL” In an adjoining booth, < a l esmcn tried 
unsuccessfully to generate interest in a lan- 
guage instruction program that used video 
dips from Spanish television. 

Bruce Ryon, who analyzes the multimedia 
market far Dataquest, said the trend is not 
surprising, considering that multimedia com- 
puter buyers typically are adult males. 

“The adult male goes to tire computer store 
to find a PC for working at homer Mr. Ryon 
said. *110 discovers that there’s a $150 to $200 
premium for a multimedia system, so it be- 
comes a fairly easy selL” 

Sales of multimedia upgrade kits, intended 
to retrofit existing personal computers so they 
can run multimedia software, are also t 
However, many buyers find it technically i 


longing to install the CD-ROM drive and 
sound card needed to complete the package. 

Unlike Apple Macintosh computers, which 
were designed to take advantage of graphics 
and sound, the typical Windows PC requires 
the user to configure a multimedia system with 
confusing software “drivers” and dip- switches. 
Even experienced PC users discover it can take 
a full weekend to install and debug a simple 
sound card 

While multimedia systems are capturing the 
borne mar ket, they are fading in the larger 
business market, except in the specialized areas 
of presentation software, information kiosks 
and some training applications. Part of the 
reason may be the high cost of producing 
multimedia software, which requires special 
equipment and more complicated program- 
ming tasks. Another concern may be too much 
noise and distraction in an office where every- 
iOne has Dashing, squawking computers. 

“The bustness use of multimedia will start to 
twWa off when video-server technology be- 
comes available,” Mr. Bove said, referring to 
specialized, high-speed computers and data 
bases that can distribute large video files effi- 
ciently over office networks. Video signals, 
which will be useful in training films, cata- 
logues and even “face to face” electronic mail, 
demand more “band-width” and processing 
power than today’s standard office networks 
can proride. 

Such companies as Oracle Corp. and Inter- 
national Bnaness Machines Corp. are racing to 
deliver video server technology not only for the 
office, but also for such broader commercial 
services as rideo-on-demand over cable televi- 
sion networks. 


PETER H. LEWIS covers cyberspace for The 
New York Timet 


Personal Assistants 
Fail to Win Over 
Would-Be Bosses 


Mu+ae iPsHOTATfr. 
ctanmorp Ju-ifSAOBh 

Atmm&r TALASGtSWn 
fOBUCTOf- ANMXSPCHSfi- 
B&PBSKJOP 
TOOLOFTHB 
FUTURE! I 


By John Burgess 


W ASHINGTON — 
The first design is 
never quite right But 
the second or third 
captures tbe public’s imagination 
and soon manufacturers have on 
their hands a smash tot that keeps 
factories running overtime. 

Not a few companies are gam- 
bling that this familiar pattern of 
tbe electronic age will prove tine 
with a new dass of product, the 
personal digital assistant. 

» So far, all that is dear is that the 
first design was not quite right. 

Last year, three companies 
launched versions of the book- 
sized, battery-powered devices, 
conceived as digital helpmates that 
would go everywhere with their 
owners. They would serve as com- 
puter, scratchpad, communicator 
and personal confidant And they 
would win converts en masse 
through ease of use. 

No keyboards — just a pen for 
entering information. Special 
’handwriting-recognition software 
would convert words scribbled on 
'the device’s screen into text 
Most important, the PDAs 
.would keep their owners in touch 
— electronic mail or faxes would 
flow over the air or through phone 
lines into tbe devices. 

To date, customer response has 
’been less than frenetic. An initial 
surge of interest on the sales floors 

of dectronks stores has ebbed, fol- 
lowed by some brutal reviews in the 
press and hasty pledges from tbe 
companies to redesign. 

•_ But says Paul Saffo, a researcher 

|u the Institute for the Future, a 
Menlo Park, California, think tank. 


“they’re failing in interesting ways" 
that will bring ma or improvements 
to products that follow. 

First out the gate was Eo Ino, a 
California start-up with investment 
from American Telephone & Tele- 
graph Corp. Its large device; with a 
ralhilwT phone hanging off the top, 
sold for about 54.000 in its fully 
equipped version. In February, the 
company said it would do a major 
overhaul of the design and parted 
ways with its chief exe cutive. 

Then came Apple Computer 
Ino, the industry's biggest champi- 
on of the FDA concept Its S700 
Newton MessagePad was put on 
sale with no bmlt-in communica- 
tions capabilities — users had to 
attach a “modem" device tohook it 
to a phone line. Same for tbe 
Zootner product of Tandy Corp. 

Tire popular comte strip Doooes- 
bury got laughs for a whole week as 
its tide character straggled to be 
technically hip by using one. Bathe 

was buffeted uy friends wondering 
what it did for tom and by software 
that insisted on rendering “how are 
you” as “toward yoyo.” 

But against Newton and 
Zoomer, probably tbe biggest Tap 
was tbe lack of easy, built-in com- 
munications. “If s the essential fea- 
ture,” said Mr. Saffo. “Without it, 
they're just electronic pet rocks.” 

Apple has now introduced an 
im pr oved version trf the Newton, 
and is working on others. Bui the 
imfustty’s interest is diverted to a 
team of new entrants expected later 
this year. They are building PDAs 
around so-called “Magic Cap” 
software developed by a small Cali- 
fornia company called General 
Magic. . a 

Motorola Inc. has introduced a 
PDA called Envoy, which does not 



n/wnano 

FSBntB/mma, 

am^iTAteo 

OMfiBVMtV- 

mw6>mcH 

MS- 

\ 



Watch Out Nerds, Here’s Cybermom 


By Rosalind Resnick 


houht, 

&£*£**' 1ST ME 

CHBCKVS 
' MAWAL. 



recognize handwriting but is aimed 
at two-way windess communica- 
tions- Sony Corp. is also expected 
to put a unit on the market later 
this year. Other major companies, 
including Matsushita Electric In- 
dustrial Co. and Philips have ex- 
pressed interest in doing tbe same. 

The prime differences are these: 
buSt-in communications from the 
start. Motorola's unit has a wireless 
modem for transmission over the 
air, while Sony’s will rely on tele- 
phone lines through an internal 
modem. 

And there will be no handwriting 
recognition, on the grounds that at 
its present level of development it 
just causes ridicule. People will use 
a pen, but eater information by 
picking from lists or tapping on a 
cjymilateri keyboard that can be 
made to appear on the screen. 

Magic Cap PDAs are also de- 
signed to work with an intelligent 
messaging network that AT&T is 
preparing to switch on. The chief 


Uahtori ft™ 4aScutC M3 GJL Trade* 

executive of General Magic, Marc 
Porat, sees a time when large num- 
bers of people would cany Magic 
Cap devices, using them for tasks 
as diverse as storing phone num- 
bers and ordering a bouquet of 
flowers. 

Still, the question remains: do 
large numbers of people want to 
carry around one of these things? 
Or Is this a case of the industry 
chasing naivety after a hit product 
that doesn't really do anything 
valuable? 

Bill Blueston of Forrester Re- 
search Inc. expects Apple win be 
proves right, but not too soon. 
“Apple’s taking all the heat right 
now, he said. “But that’s what 
you’ve got to do to make money in 
the long term." 

Be patient, Mr. Bhiestein says: 
the PDA market will get going for 
real in 1995 and 1996, 


JOHN BURGESS is on the staff of 
The Washinpon Posl 


F OR MOST of my neighbors in my 
Kttie town of Hollywood. Florida, get- 
ting the rnafl means opening the froQt 
door, lifting the lid of the mailbox and 
p uIHng out a day’s worth of tolls and letters. 

Bat not for me. Every dty, I log on to at least 
three on-line services and the Internet to check 
the stash of electronic cards and lotos that I 
know are waiting for tat. Thanks to my comput- 
er and modem, I stay in touch with friends, 
family and colleagues around the world without 
ever leaving my chair. With two kids to raise and 
a busy home-based business to run. e-mail has 
become my conduit to the outside world. 

In Tact, Fm on-line so much these days that 
my family jokingly refers to me as “cyber- 
mom.” 

But Tm not the only (me who’s lost in cyber- 
space. “Going on-line” — using a computer and 
modem to tap into a world of electronic mad 
and information — is gaining popularity world- 
wide. More than four millio n people around the 
globe subscribe to die five largest U^.-based (»- 
hue services — Prodigy, CompuServe, America 
Online; Genie and Delphi (CompuServe, the 
strongest US. on-line service in Europe, has 
90,000 European subscribers.) 

And then there are the 20 million or so 
people who dial up the global Internet commu- 
nications network and the minions more who 
connect to Minitel in France. Formerly a ha- 
ven for computer nerds and hackers, cyber- 
space is now home to everybody from entre- 
preneurs to grandmothers. 

What’s so great about going on-line? For roe, 
and for many of the other people I’ve met there, 
it’s the sense (rf community, the chance to tap 
into a supportive network of friends and col- 
leagues, a place where you can kick off your 
shoes at tbe end of the day and relax. Though 1 
still enjoy a good heart-to-heart over the phone 
logging on is the next best thing to being there. 

Unlike many people who are rocketing into 
cyberspace these days, I stumbled onto toe on- 
line world four years ago by accident. 1 was a 
new mother working from home and struggling 
to use a computer and modem to send stories 
to my newspaper and magazine clients deo- 
tronicafly. Then a friend told me about Com- 
puServe, an on-line information service that 
would enable me to do my research by comput- 
er instead of driving to tbe library. Soon f 
started tacking up dec ironic notes mi Compu- 
Serve’s on-line bulletin boards to find people 


to interview for toy articles, letting me do my 
“legwork” without leaving my chair. 

Before long, I was using my computer and 
modem to log on to all the major on-line 
networks and making friends with people Fd 
never met face to face. Having lost my network 
of friends and colleagues when I quit my news- 
paper job to go freelance, 1 discovered a new 
network as dose as my computer. 

1 1 didn’t take me long to get hooked — and 
to start na g gin g my friends and family mem- 
bers to go on-lme, too. Now, my mother, who 
lives near Philadelphia, and my brother in Los 
Angeles are both on CompuServe: My aunt in 
Minnesota logs onto America Online, and my 
sister-in-law has access to the Internet through 
her job at UCLA 

Because e-mail is cheaper and more conve- 
nient than a phone call, we dash off birthday 
greetings, thank-you notes, and updates about 
our kids and activities far more eftm than we 
nsedto. 

But e-mail is not tbe only reason that every- 
body I know seems to be going on-line. 

My husband, BUI, often logs onto Prodigy's 
Eaasy Sabre database to chock at fares and 
flight abffity Mien making our travel plans. 
Eaasy Sabre, which is available through all five 
of the major on-line services, is the consumer 
version of the reservations system that profes- 
sional travel agents use to tap into a database of 


more than 45 million airfares, 20,000 hotels and 
52 car rental agencies. It’s quicker mid easier to 
use Eaasy Sabre than it is to make time during 
the day to check flights with a travel agent by 
phone. 

We recently signed up for Prodigy's “desk- 
top banking" service. For 59.95 a month, we 
can check our bank balances on-line and move 
money from my business account to our per- 
sonal account and vice versa. We can also pay 
tolls on-line, saving the rime and hassle of 
writing out checks, stuffing them into enve- 
lopes and sticking on stamps. 

My husband also likes to meet his friends on 
America Online at night Once he locates a 
friend on-line — America Online has a feature 
that lets you find out if another member is on- 
line at the same time yon are — he’ll send that 
person an electronic message and launch into a 
real-time chat Computer chatting is just like 
talking with someone over the phone except 
that you’re typing instead of talking. 

Immcreed as I am in my on-line worid, there 
are some things that I just can’t do on-line — 
like playing with my daugbers at the end of a 
busy day. But thanks to on-line services, I now 
have more free time to do that. 


JiQSiLGVD RESNICK is a freelance writer 
and on-line-services consultant 


The World at Your Fingertips 


International Herald Tribune 


S UBSCRIBERS to consumer on- 
line services typically pay a 
monthly fee plus additional 
charges for accessing certain da- 
tabases and other features. Fees vary 
widely but can be as low as $8 a month. 
Many of the services can be accessed 
from' anywhere in the world. 

The Internet, which initially was used 
by scientists and univeraty researches, is 
today open to anyone who has a personal 
computer with a modem and communi- 
cations software and an account with a 
computer-services company linked to the 
Internet. 

For more information about on-line ser- 
vices, contact: 


America Online, 8619 Westwood Center 
Dr„ Vienna, Virginia 22182 

C om puServ e Information Service, 5000 
Arlington Centre Blvd., P.O. Box 20212, 
Columbus, Ohio 43220 

Delphi, General Videotex Corp., 1030 
Massa c hu setts Ave„ Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts 02138 

General Electric Information Service 
(GEnie), 401 N. Washington St, Rock- 
ville, Maryland 20850 


10601 


ton Ave^ White Plains, New York 

RJL 


Television, the Total Services Pipeline: No Need to Ever Leave the Living Rooi 


By Robert Frank 

F ALLBROOK, Califor- 
nia — Tbe last thing 
Kaiberinc Sharp wanted 
to see was bff fr-yeartod 
son Max spending more time m 
ffrunt of the television- 

“I didn’t even get cablebetanse 
TV tends to stop converge®, sue 
‘'said. But last year the local cable 

company was offering a new rater 

STSvice Mre. 
pater buff, couldn't turn down, ihe 
cost just under $10 a 
Called Main Street, the sffwce 
-features news and enfcriami 1 ^ 
education, financial infonnattj 
and shopping. It can be used 1 for 
nservtg, aita 

tickets or books at ^ 

■helping her older sons prepare lor 
coQege entrance exams. 

‘.Today Max spends tdev^ 
time browsing an dectr J®L CI S 
'dopedia, listening to 
| ‘The Five Chinese JgJg.- 
? offered in English and Span^h 

oriouringthel^Angd®^ 
;.um of Natural History. 120 miles 

(190 kilometers) away- 
“He’s teaming all about dino- 


The second part of the Spe- 
ll Report on Information 
will appear ra the 

ter of Thursday. Mareh 17, 


sanrs and now be wants to be a 
paleontologist,’' Mis. Sharp said. 

Across the United States the 
rush is on to connect average 
Americans with interactive tdevi- 
siot, which some consider the “on- 
ramps” leading to toe creation of 
toe touted information superhigh- 
way. 

At stake are the toOions of dol- 
lars to be had by whoever combines 
television with a computers acuity 
to communicate and deliver nifor- 
mation. And of coarse eveiytomg 
must be done easily with a remote 
coatroL 

Cojporations like Pacific Bell, a 
unit of Pacific Tdesis Gap-, .and 
cable giant Tete^canmunications 
Inc. are gating into the fray. 

Leading tbe way for now is GTE 
Mara Street Inc. The subsidiary^ 

rhe telecommunications giant G 1 1 

Cbrp. is already bidding coriomera 

b California and Massachusetts, 

using existing coaxial cable net- 
works and software. 



Interactive technology could make watching TV a family activity again. 


— 

market for toe average jxaaa w 
«[ information, entertamroeit and 
some education,” stud nomas 
Grieb, vice president and geneal 
^erofgreMainSa^ 
KT than replacing pereonaJ 
Snpuiers. "were toe next level of 

Sion.ifsaj«yof^8 a ^ 
of sniff that's already on TV and 
pairing it more convenient to the 

^ted^the Boston area in 


1988, then in a Los Angdes suburb. 
Main Street was first offered to 
subscribers through local cable 
companies in early 1993, Mr. Grid? 
aid Its most popular features are 
Mmes, like bkdriack, where sub- 
scribers play each other, and the 
crhscational services. Each of the 
savjces, from UPI news to restau- 
rant guides to a iOODOO-word dic- 
tionary, is gleaned from existing 
software. 


“We’re looking for other people 
to develop content,” Mr. Grieb 
said. “We're realty in the packaging 

business.” 

Main Street now has about 3,500 
customers and expects to nearly 
triple that muriba by year's md. 
P lan*; also call for adding new ser- 
vices and offering printers for cus- 
tomers by June or July. 

Unlike GTE, Time Warner En- 
tertainment is in the product devd- 


j butiness, through Toshiba 

Warner Bros, studios and 

Home Box Office Inc. It also in- 
cludes toe second-largest cable tde- 
visioo company in the United 
States, with 7.1 million customers 
in 36 states. 

In partnetshq} with a Colorado 
idMYgmniirttffltttHis company, US 
West ln&, the Full Service Net- 
writ, which is owned by Time 
Warner, depends on digitized tig- 


transmitted over a fiber-optic net- 
work. The partnership plans to 
spend S5 bfllion nationwide up- 
grading Time Warner's existing 
opoations by 1998. said Tammy 
Lindsay, a Time Warner spokes- 
man. 'Hie company has installed 
fiber-optic lines in an Orlando, 
Florida, test area, and by the end 
of toe year tbe 4,000 customers 
will be able to receive digitized 
feature movies on demand. 


“This technology realty gives the 
subscriber an u n precedented de- 
gree of control over tbeir television 
and their access to other kinds of 
information,” said Jim Chiddix, se- 
nior vice president trf engineering 
and technology. 

Ti lets than get what they want, 
when they want it,” Mr. Chiddix 
said. “And that’s something new 
for tdeviaonT 

A three-dimensional primary 

menu, called the navigator, lets the 
subscriber zoom around a futuris- 
tic city to order their favorite mov- 
ies, compare specifications on var- 
ious malms of autos or place 
catalogue orders. 

With a service called SbopperVi- 
skm, viewers can “stroll" through 
tb® neighborhood market or drug- 
store, pluck objects from die 
shelves and rotate them 360 degrees 
to read the labels. Orders wfll be 
delivered straight to tbeir homes. 

“What you’re seeing on video is 
exactly what you’ll see on the 
shelves in your local store,” Mrs. 
Lindsay said. 

“It will be just tike writing into a 
drugstore down the road.” 

Interactive television is poised to 
change toe way people think about 
entertainment and information, 
said Janies R. Beniger, Fh.D n au- 
thor of “The Control Revolution: 
Technological and Economic Ori- 
gins of toe Information Society” 

"The average person will become 


much mare fannHsr vwto accessing 
information.” said Mr. Beniger, as- 
sociate professor of oonnmmica- 

of Southao^C^onria. “They wffl 
be more actively seeking out infor- 
mation they want rather than let- 
ting it pass before them.” 

A ND while television 
was first introduced as 
a family activity, do- 
dining costs have 
mostly eliminated that, with chil- 
dren watching tbeir shows on rate 
set, the parents on another, he 


Interactive television “wiH eat 
away at some of toe Nintendo 
market, and toe possibility of 
games that tbe entire family could 
play, like find toe treasure, would 
be a profound social change,” Mr. 
Beniger said. 

Kuk Sharp needs no convinc- 
ing. 

Her family won $100 from their 
local cable company playing a 
trivia game against other Main 
Street customers. “We all sat here 
playing together. That’s when 1 
thought, ‘this is really neat’ " 

“I hope it spreads,” Mrs. Sharp 
said. “It s so much better than TV 
—you can learn something. It’san 
exciting evolution.” 


ROBERT FRANK is a journalist 
based m Southern California. 









iiiwJ 




iKfl 


Europe’s No. 1 in telecommimications, 
gpteatiy have the best connections to 
Kfew^nwhet s4nthe east.- • - • - ->-* ; 


Page 24 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


t-*v y? -• • 


Whether it’s easy access to international telephone 


lines, or setting up inter-office computer links, fast - 

and efficient two-way communications are an absolute must for western companies doing business in the i 

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needs. Our expertise in turn, is backed by a history of close cooperation with our neighbouring telecommu- 
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Fa*: + 44 71 287 so 99 stellite based data networks and services in eastern Europe. 

™"I“^ 4 , S oo We have many other customized solutions to help you. For example, “Delos” is a Telekom service 7 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


Information Technology /A Special Report 


Page 25 


Technology and the Simple Life: In Scotland, Dream Nears Reality 


<y By Conrad de A enBe 

M ONKSTADT, Scotland - 

When Jama Hudson and Tam 
Wood were hvmg near Glasgow, 
they dreamed of getting away 

t ^f mseIves ^pona smafl 
patch of landto raise steep. Then a couple of 
y^rs ago, a break came their way. They were 
i 10 , leav * Scotland's rusting industrial 
heartland and settle in this hamlet on the 
northern to of the Isle of Skye, almost as close 
to Iceland as to London. 

Monkstadt does not appear on most maps of 
Bntam, or even Scotland. There are very few 
inhabitants— almost none if yon don’t count 
sheep or the shaggy-haired Highland cattle 
that poo od around j 


• • f . -> 


T always wanted to have a wee croft," a fann 

with maybe 10 acres and a piece of a hffl on 
which meep can graze, said Miss Hudson, who 
worked at a hospital in Lanarkshire until the 
mow north. "It's so me t h i ng I always wanted to 
do, but I didn’t think it was posable." 

The couple doesn’t have the croft yet, but 
they do have the ampler life of years gone by 
that they had been craving, thanks to technol- 
ogy that is expected to provide the simpler life 

of years to come. The break that allowed their 
change of geography came when Miss Hudson 
landed a telecommuting job working on scien- 
tific texts lor a company called Crossaig Ltd. 

Crossaig is something of a techno-middle- 
man. Under a contract from the large Dutch 
publishing house Elsevier NV, the wmiW com- 
pany with offices near Glasgow uses Manning 
equipment to transfer printed scientific jour- 
nals into its computer system. Staff scattered 
across Scotland then log on, call up the texts 
and prepare them for use in a databas e shared 
*^>y nine American universities. 

While Miss Hudson took the job because she 
wanted to move ont to the sticks, she is an 


exception. Most of Crossaag’s two dozen or so 
workers were alrcarfy there. Many live in and 
around Lochgilphead, a smallish town in the 
rural Argyll district. Telecommuting has al- 
lowed them to come back into the labor force 
after having chDdrea, gArr^Htng Hiffimi t to do 
in Britain. 

Karen Welch, a ch emist with four children, 
one of whom has cystic fibrosis, spent several 
years working in England and South Africa. 
She moved to Aidrisnaig, just down the road 
from Lochgilphead, after her husband, also a 
chemist, took a job with the local water author- 
ity. Then she began working for Crossaig. 

*T didn't anticipate there being many job 
opportunities'’ for a scientist in such a remote 
part of Scotland, she said, ‘'but with a child 
who has serious medical problems, we knew 
the opportunities weren’t going to be many 
anyway, so this is just perfect.” 

Even though she is far from Britain’s scien- 
tific community, Mrs. Welch finds that her 
work indexing journal articles for Elsevier's 
database keeps her better informed than she 
otherwise would have been. 

“If the time comes when 1 can go back to 
work. 111 be up-to-date on the research,” she 
said. 

Without the flexibility t hat telecommuting 
provides, others would have not have been 
working at aH 

“I had no intention of coining back to work, 
at least until the kids were in school,” said 
Anne McArthur, a colleague of Mrs. Welch at 
Crossaig. “Then I was offered die job. I didn’t 
apply far it, but it was the best thing tha t could 
have happened.” 

It is happening more and more. The number 
of telecommuters, or teleworkers, as they are 
known in Britain, is believed to be incr easin g 
by 20 percent a year there and in the United 
States. 

Trevor Campbell, of Rural Telematics Con- 
sultancy, estimates that 3 percent of Scottish 
employees work al home regularly, a figure in 


line with urban communities in Europe and the 
United States. 

Such figures, he conceded, can only be crude 
guesses, cut they are bound to grow. 

“Statistics on teleworkers are notoriously 
elusive, and it’s also a matter of definition,” 
Mr. Campbell said. Most are self-employed 
and many work at home only part-time. 

A study done by the Henley Center for 
Forecasting suggests that SO percent of Brit- 
ain's work force had jobs that could be done 
completely or partially by telecommuting. And 


a report by British Telecommunications PLC 
said that 2.25 milli on Britons could be expect- 
ed to work from home at least three days a 
week by 1995. 

Bui only with the right hardware. What lets 
British telecommuters do their iobs is British 
Telecom’s Integrated Services Digital Network 
of high-speed da la-transmission lines. 

Alan Pye, Crossaig’s bead of production, 
said that without the network, the company’s 
operations might have been prohibitively ex- 
pensive. ISDN compresses information so it 
can be sent quickly, and so more cheaply «h«n 
through an analog Hue. Eva so, he said, Cros- 
saig’s phooe bill remains one of hs biggest 
expenses. 


M OST of Crossaig’s remote staff 
work from borne, usually 10 to 
20 hours a week, but a few come 
in to an office the company 
opened next door to the local hospital in Loch- 
gilphead. This works best for people who pre- 
fer their solitude in small doses. 

Td go out of my mind if 1 had to work at 
home,” declared Sandra EHi*, who ran*** in 
several days a week. “I had a machine at home, 
but once I got a taste of working at the office, I 
didn’t want to go bade. We have a few laughs, 
it helps a wee bit. There’s a lot of therapeutic 
value in getting out of the house.” 

Mrs. McArthur works at the office, but not 
by choice. Her house, a half-hour’s drive out in 


' * -to 


In Germany, Mobile Phones Take Hold 


By Brandon Mitcbener 

F rankfurt — a mobile phone 

system starting this year in Germany 
promises to make cordless, cellular 
c ommun i cations as common far or- 
dmiiry people as for business executives. 

! E-Plus Mobfifonk GmbH, the operator of a 
new German network that trill compete 
against but be compatible with the existing 
cefiular phone system, is scheduled to start its 
service in Leipzig arid Berlin in May. Other 
major dries and rural areas are to follow until 
the entire nation is networked by 1997. 

‘ E-Plus, which is owned by an international 
consortium led byThyssen AG and VebaAG, 
with 28" percent each, and including Bdl South 
Corp. of the United States, with 21 percent and 
the Vodafone Group of Britain, with 16. per- 
cent, aims to offer ceflnlar phone services more 
cheaply in order to attract non-business cos- 
tamers. 

It is just a question of time before the new 
network spreads, believes Dietrich Q e mm d, a 
spokesman for the company. A license for tins 
type of system has already been awarded in 
Britain to another operator, and France, Swit- 
zerland and Italy will follow soon, he said. 

“The E-PIns network will be one of the 
biggest mobile phone networks in the world 
ana the experience we gain here, in metropoli- 
tan and rural areas bom, will prove its impor- 


’eflular Systems, 

is building the system’s ground transmitters 
and first few thousand handsets. 
e • Despite the fact that falling prices have al- 
|QHTw ready made the existing digital s tandar d, 
. . . . - known as GSM for Global System for Mobile 
. - Co mmuni cation, far more successful than hs 


owners expected, expats say E-Plus will at- 
tract a new dass of users by making phones 
smaller, lighter and cheaper. 

Of an expected market of 10 million users in 
Germany by 2000, E-Phis expects to serve one- 
flrirdL But some experts say that both the over- 
all estimate and the one for the E-Hus share 
are overly conservative. 

There are already about IB millio n users of 
competing analog and digital mobile phone 
systems in Germany, and the number of new 
digital network customers is growing by 2.000 


Experts say E-Plus will 
attract a new class of users 
by making phones smaller, 
lighter and cheaper. 

a day. more than triple what the Telekom and 
Mannesmaim Mobilfunk GmbH, operator of 
the country’s first private digital network, ex- 
pected. 

A further boost could come from the place- 
ment of 66 satellites in low earth orbit by 1 997, 
making it literally possible to phone from any 
place on the globe to any other without depen- 
dence on terrestrial transmitters. 

In the not-toodistant future, as much as 90 
percent of calls within and between indnstrial- 
ized countries will be made with cellular 
phones, industry experts estimate. That new 
competition wifi strike not only within the 
mobile phone industry but also hdp to break 
the dominance of state phone monopolies. 

Within a few years, experts say, the telecom- 
munications industry wifi become more impor- 


tant in many countries than automobile manu- 
facturing. Not including the booming business 
in handsets, building the German E-Hus net- 
work alone will cost 7.8 bifijon Deutsche marks 
and create 8,000 jobs in the next few years. 

Brian Wilkinson, an analyst at Crtdit Lyon- 
nais Securities in London, said the success of 
E-Hus in Germany or anywhere else will be 
Nay much a question of price.” 

The E-Hus system, which is based on a 
European-wide digital standard called DCS 
for Digital Cellular System, transmits at twice 
the frequency — 1800 megaherz — as GSM’s. 
The result is a much lower energy requirement, 
which in theory at least means that hands ets 
can be mule smaller and lighter and batteries 
wifi last longer, rendering the heavy, lunch-box 
sized phones that some analog phone and 
GSM users still lug around a thing of the past. 

What’s good for E-Hus and its partners is 
almost necessarily bad for the operators of 
existing GSM digital networks, even now, be- 
cause some customers who might have opted 
for GSM are waiting for DCS to arrive. 

Peter Mihatsch, president of Mannesmaim 
MobQfunk, which operates the first private 
digital network in Germany, has sought to 
downplay the competitor’s significance. Tm 
waiting to see it,” he said of E-Plus’s promise to 
deliver smaller, lighter and cheaper handsets. 

It wifi also take some time before E-Phis and 
its coon top arts in other countries establish the 
geographical coverage that GSM already en- 
joys, he notes. 

Mr. Getnmd of E-Phis, however, is undis- 
turbed by such remarks. “We’re coming a bit 
later, but we're convinced the market wifi 
grow,” he said. 

BRANDON MJTCHENER is the Frankfurt 
correspondent of the International Herald Tri- 
bune. 


U.S. Newspapers Rush to Get On-Li 


ble 


- ? • 

“*c - r " 1 


By Robot Frank 

S AN JOSE, California — It was an 
important week. Anne Zeissc, a host 
for' the computer dial service of the 

San Jose Mercury News was expecting 
a big turnout. 

California Governor Pete Wilson would be 
on hand at the newspaper’s Mercury Center, 
spending 45 minutes answering questions from 
users. 

While fewer than a dozen users tapping 
on their keyboards at once is consid- 
er! an average sized chat, Mrs. Zeisse was 
expecting a whopping 48 people. Thafs the 
electronic equivalent of standi n g-room only, 
with people standing outside the door. ^ 

“Tm going to be doing crowd control, Mrs. 
Ta'jj a said, giggling- Mr. Wilson is not th e firs t 
politician sbehas hosted, th ank s to. the grow- 
ing reputation of the newspaper’s on-line ser- 
vice. “When these people want to get an-hne, 
they tend to approach the Mercury News. 

Newspaper journalists, once afraid of be- 
coming victims of their profession’s future, are 
now r ushing forward to meet it 
More than ever before, on-line services such 
as America Online, Prodigy and Gqmppytve 
arc featuring electronic services from 
newspapers such as the Mercury News and The 

ChfcagpTribune.. Recent additions include 
IbcAtlanta Journal and Constitution, News- 
day and the Los Angeles Tunes- . 

More newspapers arc expected to jom, 
conference an interactive newspapers hero 
February attracted ova 600 rn°™ 

twia the number that showed up at the confer- 
ence last year- . MassachnsetlS 


The JHT On-line 


T HE International Herald Tri- 
bune is among the many publi- 
cations around the wold that 
are embracing on-line technol- 
ogy. Articles from thcIHT, going bade to 
July 1991, are available through the on- 
line. database services of Mead Data’s 
Lexis/Nexis and of DataTimes. 

The editorial department of the Her- 
ald Tribune can also be readied through 
the Internet, the international on-line 
network. The paper’s Internet address is: 
JHT@eurokooue. 


uuarmanon iresgu laV . 

dollars are being spent studying how to take 

mficant number of 

MwsasSSSes 

watch that modi television unless its ’Star 
Tl Far the past 10 months MaW Cephas 

boa proSg that mforn^-Moreto 

5,200 subscribers, paying SR95 
crake the electronic 


p£Sj ^ Sa^hdP wanted or actons 


rive classifieds. Readers' can exchange mes- 
sages with editors and repeaters via electronic 
man. Bay Area organizations post newsletters, 
events and meeting information under a sepa- 
rate beading. 

On-line chats, such as the c ur re n t events 
chat are very popular, as are the Mercury 
News archives, winch stretch to 1985, Mr. Parr 
said. 

The service is part of the editorial side of the 
newspaper, and is the only on-line publication 
organized that way, he said. 

“The key for us is that the Mercury Centals 
tightly integrated with the main newsroom,” 
Mr. Pair said. “We can put a story onto Ameri- 
ca Online from our (newsroom) terminals as 
easil y as sending it to typesetting." 

This decoupling of gathering and organizing 
the news from distribution and presentation is 
whai the MIT Media Laboratory’s five-year, 
multinifilion dollar research project is all 
about 

This change is being driven by technology, 
the industry and crammers, said Walter Bend- 
er, asriestui and principal researc h er with the 
MIT project 

“What we’re working on is actually not 
newspapers of the future, but news in the 
future,” Mr. Benda said. “Our questions are, 
as we enter an era of electronic distribution, 
can we still do the wok of traditional media? 
How can we provide a mechanism as rich as 
the existing mechanism? And what are the new 
opportunities?” 

Newspaper publishing companies, including 
Knigbt-Ridder Ibcl, Gannett Co, Thomson 
Cwp„ Hearst Corp-i PuHtza Pu blishing Ox, 
Tribune Co. and limes Mirror together are 
spending between 573 million and S10 nrilEon 
foy 1998 in an effort to get these questions 

answered. 


Three technologies wifi come to bear as 
newspapers move into the future: understand- 
ing content, knowing the individual and pre- 
senting information, Mr. Benda said. 

‘The broadsheet is a wdl-eogineered dis- 
play. It enables one to ignore 90 percent of the 
content without putting a lot of effort in,” Mr. 
Benda said. “We need to come up with the 
electronic equivalent.” 

Information must be found, organized and 
filtered for an individual’s needs and delivered 
in a way that establishes context and is most 
useful for that person. Point-to-point commu- 
nication, such as on-line services, must contin- 
ue exploiting interpersonal communication. 

Content, not technology, is what counts. 

“I take the anli-McLuhan approach,” Mr. 
Benda said. “The message is the message, 
especially when the message is news.” 

While some journalists once feared for ibeir 
profess on — and jobs — in the computer age. 
journalists will become more important than 
ever in producing, providing and p ack agi n g 
the news of the future, said Roger Fidler, 
directa of Kztight-Ridder’s Information De- 
sign Laboratory in Boulder, Colorado. 

“I see newspapers being able to incorporate 

full motion, sound and transactional capabili- 
ties with advertisers by the end of the decade,” 
Mr. Fidler said. 

The technological changes will not spell the 
death of an industry, but cause it to evolve, Mr. 
Fidler said. Hus is what he calls “medi amor- 
phous,” the title of the book he’s written on the 
subject 

“Newspapers didn’t suddenly emerge, they 
evolved from books and newsletters printed in 
the 15th century,” he said. 

In his vision for the future, newspapers wave 
good-bye to presses, paper and ink. Subscrib- 
ers download more than one newspaper every 
day onto a magazine-sized electronic tablet, 
weighing less than two pounds (one kilogram). 
A touch of the screen flips pages, animates 
photographs, and bring s graphics to h/e so 
readers can plug in their own statistics on, say, 
a proposed tax, and immediately see' how the 
law will bite their income. 

By reducing the cost of producing a tradi- 
tional newspaper — 40 to 60 percent goes to 
manufacturing and distribution — newspapers 
can spend more to add this new dimension to 
the information rimy provide, Mr. Fidler said. 

That view contrasts with popular wisdom, 
which holds that telephone companies and 
cable television wifi be all that people will need 
along the information superhighway, he said. 

ROBERT FRANK is a journalist based in 
Southern CaBfomia. 


the country, has not yet been hooked up to an 
ISDN line. Once it is, sbe will spend more time 
there. “I blow hot and cold about it,” said the 
mother of two girls, age 5 and 7. “I like the 
company, but it works out better at school 
holidays. It’s much easier to work from home. 
Ideally, I’d like to work two days in the office 
and two at home. Thai’s where this job comes 
into its own. You have the flexibility to work 
where it’s most convenient.” 

Thai's not true for Miss Hudson. Because 


ha pan of Skye has yet to be plugged in to 
ISDN, sbe has been commuting three or four 
days a week to Portree, the island's only town 
of any consequence. The one-hour round-trip 
drive has convinced ha and Mr. Wood to give 
up the bucolic life, at least for now. 

“I think well move to Portree and make 
some money for a wee while,” she said. “The 
expenses of traveling add up.” They hope to 
move back to a more remote coma of Skye 
once ISDN makes it out to the rest of the 


island, which should be by the aid of next year. 
Then maybe they can get their croft. 

One thing Miss Hudson is fairly sure of is 
that she will never go back to the city. “I like 
the people, the Lifestyle, the trust people have 
here,” she said. “It’s "a different way of life up 
here." 


CONRAD DE AENLLE is a writer in Paris 
who specializes in economic and financial topics. 


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Page 26 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


** 


SPORTS 



. vRA 

Cagliari Slips Past Juventus to Semifinals Playing Soccer s Power Games , guliu^ 

Itff Mt ruiriiitm l RerflU Tribune ammct Wan^ar BwmM in fiWIT19TtV m ^ 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

The UEFA Cop bolder Juventus 
of Italy was knocked out of the 
competition Tuesday night by its 
Italian league rival Cagliaria in a 
rfina! match in Turin. 


quarterfii 

Juventus, behind 0-1 after the 
first leg in Sardinia, got bade on 
level terms when Dino Baggio 
scored in the 23d minute. 


But second-half goals by Aldo 
Frricano and Luis Oliveira secured 


Cagliari’s place in Friday’s semifi- 
nal mate! 


match with an aggregate score 
of 3-1. 


The German stopper Jurgen' 
Kohler was sent off and Roberto 
Baggio missed a penalty shot in 
Juventus’s defeat 

Baggio, Europe's footballer of 
the year, had a chance to put 10- 
man Juventus ahead 2-1 tor the 
night when they were awarded a 
disputed penalty shortly after half- 
time. 

He sent goalkeeper Valerio Fieri 
the wrong way bin saw his kick 
brash the post and bounce wide. 

The defeat means Italy’s most 
successful dub win end the season 
without a trophy, and it could has- 
ten the departure of the team’s 
coach, Giovanni TrapattouL 

Paris St Germain also readied 
the semifinals, in the Cup Winners 
Cup. at the expense of Real Madrid 
for the second successive year, but 
not before the Spaniards gave them 
a fright 

A 20th-minule goal by the re- 
stored striker Fmilin Butragueno 
struck fear into the French team, 
and it needed a second-half header 
from the Brazilian stopper Ricardo 
to make it 1-1 on the rngfat and 2-1 
on aggregate. 

In the other UEFA quarterfinal 
match. Casino Salzburg beat Ein- 
tracht Frankfurt in a penalty sboo- 
LouL England’s center back, Tony 
Adams, headed Arsenal into the 
se mifinals of the Cup Winners Cup 
with a 1-0 victory over Italy's Ton- 
no. 

In the match in Frankfurt, goal- 
keeper Otto Konrad saved two Hn- 
iracht penalty shots and then con- 
verted the decisive shot to help 



International Herald Tribune 

L ONDON — Reports of the imminent departure 
from ihe FIFA presidency of Jo3o Havdange fall 
into the Mark Twain category: highly exaggerated. 

Havdange, the elected head of soccer’s internation- 
al power since 1974, insists he is fit to run for another 
four-year term — 
although run may 
be an exaggera- 
tion, too. given 
that the Brazilian 


Rob 

Hughes 




defeat against Warier Bremen in Germany on, ^ 
Wednesday, it would be a mere tremor in the ptdsc of- 
its pro gre s s, just a couple of points lost with three, 
more matches in which to retrieve them later. . r- 
Milan was a prime mover in Johansson's abdication^* 
of the UEFA knock-out thrill It threatened to take it^ 


Am Defat/Rcmm 

Midfielder Maurizio Gsrodmo of Eintracht Frankfurt celebrates after scoring b the first half of Ids team’s quarterfinal match with 
Salzburg in Frankfurt But Salzburg won, becoming the first Austrian team to eliminate a German team in European Cup play. 


Salzburg become the first Austrian 
team to eliminate a German side 
from a European cup. 

Regulation time ended with Ein- 
tracht up 1-0, the same score by 
which Austria had won the first leg. 

The two teams were unable to 
break the tie in 30 minutes of extra 
tune, sending the game into the 
shootout. 

With the two teams tied 4-4 after 
the first five-shot series, Konrad 
knocked away the first sudden- 


death shot by Manfred Binz and 
then drove home (he decisive shot 
past Frankfurt goalkeeper Uli 
Stria 

Maurizio Gaudino scored the 
only regulation-time goal, after 
Uwe Bern found him with a long 
pass that split the Salzburg defense 
in the 21st minute. 

Five minutes before Eintracht' s 
goal, Salzburg had the best oppor- 
tunity. 

Croatian striker Nikola Jurcevic 
outfaced the Frankfurt defense and 


slipped the ball past the advancing 
S tein 

But Stein's body slowed the shot, 
allowing Gaudino to dear just in 
front of the net 

Arsenal, which won both domes- 
tic cup trophies in England last 
season, straggled for most of the 
game against Torino, which looked 
impressive on the break but also 
created few chances. 

In Paris, Brazilian defender Ri- 
cardo scored off a comer kick in 
the second half to give St. Germain 


a 1-1 tie that moved the team into 
the semifinals for the second 
straight year. 

Paris advanced on a 2-1 aggre- 
gate, having beaten the Spaniards 
1-0 in the opening leg in Madrid 
two weeks ago. 

The Parisians, who comfortably 
lead the French Ixagtie, are un- 
beaten in 33 matches since Aug. IS, 
1993, including 25 in the French 
League, six in tbe Cup Winners 
Cup and two in the French Cup. 

(AFP. Reuters, AP) 


will pass into ociagenarinn status midway through 
that extension. 

His enduring assets are stubbornness, staying pow- 
er, and, when roused, the guOe of an infighter. 

He sbonld go, but be won’t He should admit his 
time i s up , but be won’t His supposed intention to 
hand FIFA over to his son-in-law, Ricardo Terra 
Teixeira, as if it were a family heirloom should be easy 
to ridicule, but it isn’t 

Havdange never mastered the art of smiling, but he 
might well be chuckling inside. His old ears will have 
picked up rite rumor that ambitious men plot to face 
him down in Tunisia next week, force him to retire 
against his will. 

Who is going to do it? Not surely, the timid men 
who Havdange swatted aside in Las Vegas before 
Christmas when he, alone, barred Pdfc from the stage 
at tbe World Cop draw. 

Those highly placed men knew that a ban on Pdfc, 
on grounds that the world’s most identifiable soccer 
ambassador was in legal dispute with Teixeira, was 
bad business and a bewildering message to tire Ameri- 
can World Cop public. 

But Havdange wouldn’t bend, tbe opponents made 
relativdy petty deals for their own self -interest, and 
Pel6’s marketing men reaped the whirlwind of publici- 
ty at FIFA’s expense. 

The new push against Havdange is European-in- 
spired. UEFA, tbe European confederation, is bent on 
a takeover, hoping to install its president, Lennart 
Johansson, as FIFA’s lord. 

As Johansson's supporters see it, there is a split 
'between Havdange and Sepp Blatter, FIFA's general 
secretary. Of that, there is utile doobt; Blatter can try, 
but he cannot totally disguise his sensitivity to criti- 
cisms of the president’s outmoded, sdf-centercd, illog- 
ical mu Berings. 

But some in UEFA, perhaps Johansson among 
them, think Blatter exceeds his brief as paid executive. 
They fear he has grown too influential almost presi- 
dential by default, in Havelange’s increasing 
remoteness. 

So UEFA is testing the waters before putting Jo- 
hansson out to swim in what could be a straight race 
with Blatter for the FIFA presidency. 

FIFA keeps its council. Hie headquarters in Zurich 
is a modd of observed silence. But Blatter, away on 
business in Dallas, said last year that he was convinced 
Havdange would not step down, and was not inclined 
to stand in opposition to the elected president whom 
be is paid to serve. 


the mighty bring humbled by a humble 'team catching., 
Milan's (or Barcelona's, or Bayern Munich's) stars on 
an off night. 

Money talked, the sponsors persuaded, UEFA ac- 
quiesced, and we. the spectators, can take it or leave it. 

The Cup Winners’ Cup and the UEFA Cup, with 1 
real knock-out soccer, are more interesting. It will be 7 


pii tot 

n..J^ L : r 




■ v.‘*k 


.t i*” \ - 


theFrenchi 

Madrid, Europe's first glamour dub. 

Fascinating to see whether Madrid, a goal down but a 
under new managem ent and with faith restored in th^! 
brittle drills of Robert Prosmecki, can mount a reprise 
in Paris’s Paredes Princes. :> J 

After ttet, I shall look to Parma, the unpredictable 
Italian entertainer, against the equally cavalier Dutch, 
»«tm Ajax Am s terdam. 

H OWEVER, sadness settles into the bone. ThinJci^ 
of Norway, which played its way»to the Wod<^ 
Qr p for tbe first time since 1938. Virtually its entire- 
defense has collapsed. - ’ 

Rune Bratseth, the captain and defensive m aste r y. ~ 
expects to make tbe World Cup on tbe knee surgically . 
reconstructed in Germany last smmner. 

Similarly, goalkeeper Erik Thorstvedt is slowly ■ 
mending, after a knee operation in London. Bat two 1 
others, both based with Oldham Athletic in En gland^ 
are out. 

Gunner Halle fell first, requiring a cartilage opera- - J 
don. Last week. Tore Pedersen experienced the sear-; 
mg pain in an FA Cup match at Bolton. ‘ ; 

'He will require mm or knee surgery.” said Peder^ 1 
sen’s team manager, Joe Royle. “All the ligaments 
have gone, he is out of tbe FA Cup and out of the | 
World Cup.” 

Honest sportsmen downed by injtuy; it puts lbe“ 
wrangles of power games into perspective. 

Rob Hughes is tmAe staff ef The Tima. •» 




•10- - ■ 

» - 


' . 

A - fl-ft-'- 1 - 


New French Chief 
Vows Action in 
Marseille Case 


•r 


Reuters 


Intrum’s Skipper Cracks the Whip and Catches Up 


By Keith Wheatley 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

PUNTA DEL ESTE, Uruguay — Total 
quiet on the deck of a racing yacht is 
usually a sign of crew concentration. Law- 
rie Smith, skipper of the record-breaking 
Whitbread entry Intrum Justitia, would 
worry that someone had dozed off. Tbe 
style is more Robin Williams than Captain 
Bligh, but the British sailor likes to lead 
with the lip. 

“Sometimes you have to wake them up a 
bit,” said Smith. “It’s too easy to forget 
that a tenth of a knot is 50 miles in a leg 
and that’s usually enough to win you this 
race." 

He was speaking after leading the 60- 
class into Puma del Este, Uruguay, five 
hours ahead of the rival boat Tdtio, skip- 
pered by Chris Dickson of New Zealand. 
Dickson still leads the overall race — by 12 
hours — but Smith is chiseling away the 
deficit he inherited when he took com- 
mand of Intrum after tbe first leg. He now 
lies a hungry second. 

"That bastard is costing me a fortune 
but he wins, so it’s worth it,” said Bo 


Goransoo, chairman of the eponymous 
debt-collection company sponsoring In- 
tram Justitia. 

He replaced the original skipper, the 
Swedish sailor Roger Nilson, after Intrum 
turned in a wayward first leg on the 
32,000-mile race. Smith arrived just a few 
days before the restart, never having sailed 
one of the radical Whitbread 60 water- 
ballasted sloops before. 

“Lawrie just stepped rat board, cracked 
the whip and we were away ” said the 
British crewman Paul Standbridge, who 
sailed with Smith aboard the maxi-yacht 
Rothmans in the 1989-90 round-the-world 
race. 

Racing the lightweight flier, nick nam ed 
"Ihe Silver Bullet, " downwind through 
the huge seas and shrieking gales of the 
Southern Ocean was meat and drink to 
Smith. Intrum twice broke the world re- 
cord for a day’s nm, with a logged distance 
of 425 miles. 

Aboard tbe yacht the style is distinctly 
gung ho. The crew verdict on the new 
crewman Marco Constant after his contri- 
bution on the leg around Cape Horn was 


totally pyscfao." It was the ultimate In- 
trant accolade. Even Dickson admits that 
they have bees outsailing him in heavy 
weather through pushing the yacht harder. 

“Sure they’ve got a fast car* but so have 
we,” said Dickson. “They’ve got some ex- 
cellent helmsmen wbo are totally fearless. 


Driving at night on a icy road, they’ve just 

n<» 


got the pedal on the floor. Every time it 
blows 50 knots they’re taking miles out of 
us." 

“It’s dark,” be continued. “You’re 
crawling around the deck because the vi- 
bration makes it impossible to stand. The 
bow wave starts at the mast and the solid 
part comes straight bade into tbe cockpit. 
You’re off tbe top of one wave, into the 
middle of tbe next and something inside 
me says we shouldn't have the spinnaker 
up, but Lawrie just keeps right on." 

Going fast wins races, says Smith. It is 
no accident that his best-selling instruc- 
tional video is subtitled “Boatspeed." 

From his earliest teenage days, winning 
world championships in Fire tell and 505 
dinghies, Smith has combined an intensely 
competitive personality with intuitive 


technical ability to tune sails and rig for 
optimum performance. 

In 1980, at age 23. he was the helmsman 
of Lionheart, the British entry for tbe 
America's Cup. Since then he has won 
countless individual races and took a 
bronze medal for Britain in tbe Soling 
keelboat class at the Barcelona Olympics. 

“The easiest way to wake me up when 
I'm off watch is snout that the wind has 
headed 30 degrees and we're in a lift.” said 
Marcel van Tries t. the Dutch navigator 
aboard Intrum Justitia and Smith’s sec- 
ond-in-command. “To get Lawrie out of 
his bunk, you just have to whisper that tbe 
boat is slow." 

As a pan-European entry, Intrum is 
somewhat unusual in the nationalistic 
world of Whitbread racing; nine nations 
are represented aboard tbe yacht As van 
Triest observed, leadership seldom crosses 
cultures easily. 

“Lawrie is an intensely charismatic 
leader wbo can both motivate tbe crew to 
an extraordinary degree and improve the 
technical performance of the boat," said 
van Triest “It's a very rare combination." 


S O THE Tunisia mutiny, on the eve of tbe African 
Nations Championship there next week, is prema- 
ture. Even so, whoever eventually topples Havdange 
will need an administrator, and in that role Blatter has 
made himself virtually irreplaceable. 

He knows tbe secrets, he controls FIFA's house 
with zeal and if this writer is from time to time at odds 
with Blatter's concepts on changes to the rules of play. 
I do not know a more capable, more knowing or more 
addicted administrator in world sport. 

Johansson? He is a sporting politician, a committee 
leader, a man who rose genuinely from the roots of 
Swedish football. His diplomacy in bringing English 
dubs back into Europe following the Heysd Stadium 
disaster was a gift to the Continent. But Europe is but 
a quarter of FIFA's membership and Johansson’s 
appeal beyond the Continent is limited. 

Moreover, recent moves in the European Champi- 
ons’ Cup are no recommendation. To put it bluntly. 
Johansson’s administration has fouled up its prime 
tournament, eschewing the knock-out essence on 
which tbe tournament was based for a Champions' 
League that panders to tbe power of the rich dubs and 
sells soccer for the benefit of television. 

This week’s Champions' League matches will at- 
tract an estimated 100 million viewers. But, since 
nothing decisive rests on the outcome, it is likely that 
tbe stadiums will not be fuff 
Indeed, AC Milan, the Italian champion grinding 
its way week by soulless week to another champion- 
ship, drew less titan 32,000 people to San Siro stadium 
for a Champions’ League encounter with FC Porto. 
And was Milan to suffer tbe unthinkable, say a 40 


PARIS — Tbe new president of the French 
soccer federation said an Tuesday that new hear- 
ings would be held next month in the Valend- - 
ennes-MaiseOle bribery affair but that final sanc- 
tions were unlikely until late May. 

Claude Simonet, elected president of the federa- 
tion last month after Jean Foumet-Fayard re- 
signed following heavy criticism of his failure to 
conclude the match-rigging scandal said that he 
would not be rushed. 


Simonet has been urged b yFI FA’s general sec- J 


retary. Sepp Blatter, to take final action as soon as i 
possible. Bu 


--- ■ :-r ‘. . . 




possible. But the new president's timetable means 
the affair is almost certain to run past die first J 
anniversary of the match that was allegedly fixed. 

Olympique Marseille is accused of trying id ’ 
bribe Valenciennes players to lose a French league ,j 
match on May 20, a week before Marseille beat AC 
Milan to win the European Champions’ Cup. 

Simonet said a program for dealing with tbe 
issue would be established on March 25. 

“But we must give dubs, officials and players 
the chance to restate their defense." he said. 

Hearings would be held and the federation's 
federal council would make a decision by May 28, 
when it meets in the city of Lens, he said. . — - 

UEFA. European soccer’s governing body, 4* vftiMEC 
banned Marseille from international competition I - - 
last year in frustration over the French federation's 
failure to act decisively. 

The French body, under pressure from both 
FIFA and UEFA, eventually took some provisional 
disciplinary measures in September. Marseille was 
provisionally stripped of last season's league title. 




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SPORTS 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY. MARCH 16, 1994 


Page 27 


NRA Quits 

5 As Ruling 


The Trick to Making Final Four Picks: One Game at a Time 


Body f 


or 


Shooting 

n„ t t _ " 


By Jere Longman 

New Yorit Times Service 
NEW YORK — The National 
Rifle Association, suffering a se- 
vere public relations blow, has de- 
cided to remove itself as the gov- 
emmg body for the Olympic sport 
of shooting. 

The move Monday night 
three days after a panel represent- 
ing the U.S. Olympic Committee 
recommended that the NRA's au- 
thority be revoked. 

-For the NRA, the withdrawal 
represents a rare defeat after sever- 
al years of skirmishing with ath- 
letes and officials of the U.S. 
Shooting Team. They have a m n wd 
the NRA of using its Olympic affil- 
iation to further its own political 
agenda, while using bullying tactics 
and ignoring its administrative re- 
sponsibilities to the sport- 
On Friday, a five-member pa™*!, 
chaired by Sandra Baldwin, the 
UjSOC treasurer, and representing 
the USOC recommended that the 
NRA be removed as the governing 
body for shooting, contending that 
lire rifle association violated a fed- 
eral law that directs the administer- 
ing of Olympic-related sports. 

The panel recommended that the 
USOC immediately assume re- 
sponsibility for governing the sport 
until a new administrator can be 
found. 

“That’s fantastic; basically the 
NRA is surrendering,” said P. Kent 
Correll, a lawyer who has rep re- 
seated a group of shooters. “They 
don’t want the embarrassment of 
being publicly humiliated by the 
USOC board of directors.'’ 

Wayne LaPierre, executive vice 
president of (he NRA. said it was 
“sad but true that any kind of 
shooting in 1994 America has be- 
come political.” He said the NRA 
contributed S2J million to the US. 
team m the last year and would 
continue to support the sport. 

■ “I think it would work best if we 
restructure the relationship,” La- 
Pierresaid. “The Olympic structure 
is interested in control; we’re inter- 
ested in helping Olympic shooters. 
There are ways to r e s tr u cture the 
relationship that may work better 
fOr all parties.” 

The Amateur Sports Act of 1978 
mandates that aQ national govern- 
ing bodies be free of outside control 
Tic NRA had designated a branch 
7 *lled the InlernatioiiHl Competi- 
tions Committee as the governing 
body for shooting sports. But some 
athletes and team officials have con- 
tended that the NRA exerted undue 
control over the governing body. 

In a list of 14 complaints filed 
with the USOC in September, it was 
charged that the NRA displayed an 
attitude of “contempt” toward the 
ICCs governing responsibilities. 


By Malcolm Moran 

New >’w* Times Senior 

— Sc if Temple plays Indiana, 
ana John Chaney interrupts Bob Knight’s post- 
s' 1116 news conference to issue his second death 
threaiin two months, will witnesses stand up to get 
in his way, or applaud? 

If Syracuse meets California, and Lawrence 
Moten outplays Jason Kidd, win children from 
coast to coast suddenly adopt Moten's style of 
puHiD|> his socks all the way up to just below his 

Whoa. This is very dangerous business. If any 
seil-respectmg hoophead has learned any thing 
from the month of March, it is to listen to the 
coaches when they remind us to lode at this 
tournament one . . . game ... at ... a .. . nm<» 

But it’s OJC to admit that you can’t help it. The 
most dangerous (and fun) temptation of the 
month — anticipating later-round matchups even 
before the first commercial — is a violation of 
Tournament Rule No. 2: No peeking. (Rule No. 1 : 
Never enter a pool organized by a bartender from 
Hoboken.) 

You can oily become disappointed. Two years 

On whpn unn niltkul L. 1. .1 . .1 


fc 


ille O'Neal, you ended up with two other guys, 
on sneaked a look at the 1981 Mid east Regional 
semifinals, and you saw heavyweights: Indiana, 
Kentucky, Wake Forest and DeF&uL And what 
did you get? A bad imitation of that holiday 
tournament the Hoosiers always seem to win. 

But that is the value of the games that begin 
shortly after noon on Thursday and the reason so 


many otherwise respectable citizens wiUproduce 


so many fake dental appointments and deaths in 
mbojumbo of 


the family. The mumbojumbo of computerized 
ratings becomes meaningless. High profiles devel- 
oped from the most effectively marketed confer- 
ences become worthless. The bigger they are . . . 

“It’s amazing,” said John Thompson, the 
Georgetown coach, whose teams from the Patrick 
Ewing era won one national championship and 
narrowly missed a chance at two more. 


ago, when you nibbed your hands together at the 
thought of Alonzo Mourni — 


foaming confronting Sba- 


“The further you go, the worse yon fed,” he 
added. “It’s only one team in this country that’s 
going to feel good at the end of the season. And 
that team that loses is going to fed worse than that 
team that went out in the first round. It’s the 
craziest thing in the world. You do want to win, 
and you do take a certain amount of satisfaction 
out of how you play individually, whether the team 


comes along, but ii's a crazv business. It’s a crazy 
business.” 

We can look no further backward than last 
Saturday — Upset Saturday, when six of the eight 
highest-ranked teams lost — to anticipate more 
than a little craziness. 

The difference between the top two or three 
seeded teams in each region and those in the 
Nos. 7 through 10 level is decreased. That could 
result in the largest number of upsets since the 
second round in 1981, when eight game*? were won 
by lower-seeded teams and two NoTl teams, De- 
Paul and Oregon State, were eliminated 

The prospect of that kind of craziness is how the 
tournament, for three weekends, temporarily re- 
duces discussion of issues such as academic ac- 
countability and the merger mania of conferences. 
Those controversies are replaced by the meetings 
of old and new personalities, when even the simple 
matter of a No. 1-seeded team against a No. 16 — 
a matchup that has yet to produce an upset since 
the 64-team format began m 1985 — is not neces- 
sarily a simple matter. 

As when Dean Smith meets Jerry FahveR It is 
not enough that Smith, who has supported liberal 
causes, assembled a group that won the second 
national championship of his career and has re- 


shaped a team capable of a coronation in Char- 
lotte on the first Monday night in ApriL 
His team's first-round matchup is against Liber- 
ty University, a school founded by FaJweU, in 
Smith's most political matchup since be coached 
the 1976 UJS. Olympic team in the effort to take 
the gold medal back from the Soviet Union. 

(Did we mention that this is the 10th anniversa- 
ry of Dan Dakich blanketing Michael Jordan in 
Indiana's upset of North Carolina? Dakich, now 
an assistant coach on Knight’s staff, is ahead of 
Jordan's pace in his latest career. Do yon think 
there is enough of a party atmosphere in Bloo- 
mington for somebody to interrupt the latest crisis 
to bring a cake?) 

The later-round questions wiD not stay awa 
Was top-seeded Missouri’s defeat in the Big Eg 
tournament the r 
ing March for the ‘ 

Wffithei 

forma produce this generation’s version of Geor- 
gia Tech and Kenny Anderson agai ns t Louisiana 

State and Chris Jackson four years ago? 

Can Purdue's Glenn Robinson accomplish what 
Danny Manning did for Kansas in 1986 and 1988 
and what Larry Bird accomplished for Indiana 


State in 1979 —lift an earnest supporting cast to 
the F inal Four? 

If Connecticut, uncertain at the center position, 
draws a second-round meeting with George Wash- 
ington, win Yinka Dare create the kind of impos- 
ing threat that could lead to a crushing defeat? 

And if the Huskies advance to an East semifinal, 
how will they react to a meeting with surprising 
Florida, which would be sure to attract every 
Gator from Key West to Pensacola to the Miami 

Arena? 

And if Arkansas readies a championship gamp 
on April 4, and Hilary is supposed to throw out a 
first ball at Wrigley Field that afternoon, who gets 
to sit next to the Head Hog? 

There we go again, looking too far ahead. This is 
the political process at its best — how many free 
throws have you made for me lately? 

New York City gets shut out of the field for the 
first time since 1989, and the state of Wisconsin 
earns the right to snack its lips at the admittedly 
extremely remote possibility erf 1 its Badgers, in their 
first appearance since 1947, facing Wisconsm- 
Green Bay in a regional final at . . . Los Angeles? 

Is this a great country? 

Last Cheesebead out of Wisconsin, mm out the 
lights. 


Hot Owner 
Sparks Jazz 
Past Lakers 


The Associated Press 

The Utah Jazz hot streak is start- 
ingto spread into the stands. 

The dab’s owner, Larry Miller, 
jumped out of his courtside seat 
and had to be restrained from yell- 
ing at the Lakers’ Eldon Campbell 
during the third quarter of Mon- 
day’s 102-101 victory over Los An- 
geles. 

Campbell was charged with a 
technical foul for throwing an el- 
bow at John Stockton's head with 


NBA HIGHLIGHTS 


6:26 left in the third quarter, and 
the incident seemed to spark the 
Jazz, who have won 10 of II. 

“Tve never seen him do that," 
said Utah’s Kail Malone, who 
scored 19 pants. “It brought us to 
life a little. Larry looked like he was 
ready to fight.” 

Campbell said: “He said some- 
thing. It was small. It was nothing 
serious. I guess he got all excited. K 
was surprising. It was like he was 
about to come on out there and get 
some. It was sort of funny after I 
thought about it. He was just into 
the game, just like I was.” 

Stockton added 16 points, in- 
cluding the winning free throws in 
the final -minute. ’ • 

Nick Van Exd, who scored 22 
points, gave Los Angeles a 99-98 
lead on a 3-pointer with 1:01 re- 
maining. Malone then scored off a 
rebound with 48 seconds left 



He Hits! He Slides! He Steals! 


The Associated Press 

SARASOTA, Florida — Michael Jordan finally got a hit. Then, he 
got beer poured over his head. 

“I'm glad it’s over and done with.” he said after ending his 0-for- 
14 slide with an infield single as a Chicago White Sox split squad 
beat the Minnesota Twins, 9-5, Monday night. 

Jordan, a three-time National Basketball Association player of the 
year, clearly has struggled in Iris attempt to switch sports. He has hit 
the ball out of the infield just once. 

“I promised myself 1 was going to step toward the pitcher,” Jordan 
said after his hit off side-anner Jeff Innis. “I wasn’t going to step 
toward third base. The natural tendency to see the ball coming from 
the side is to run away from it. I said: Tm going to get a Ml I'm not 
going to nm away from it' ” 

“I thought I took a good cat the first time,” he added, “and I saw 
his curvebafl, which was high, and then I just stayed in there for the 
third pitch." 

Jordan also stole his first base with a head-first slide following a 
five-pitch walk in the sixth. 

“It surprised everybody, didn’t it?” Jordan said. He added, referring 
to Manager Gene Lament, “I was looking for a sign, and then finally 
Gene said, ‘Whatever, whatever, 1 so I just took it on my own to gp.” 


German Swimmers Cite 


Drug Use by Children 


btoi Pidgnu Rouen 

Boston's Robert Parrish tried to avoid the long reach of Alonzo Moraning, who had 26 points and 1 1 rebounds in Charlotte's victory , 


Sedak Threatl put the Lakers 
ahead 101-100 on a pair of free 
throws with 29 seconds to go, but 
Stockton made two free throws 
with 20.9 seconds lefL 


Van Exd then missed a fade- 
away 22-footer that bounced off 
the backboard, giving Utah its first 
victory over the Lakere in three 
games this year. 

Nuggets 116, Spurs 88: Mah- 
moud Abdul Rauf scored a season- 
33 points for Denver, which 
iunded from three consecutive 
road losses. The Nuggets limited 
David Robinson to eight points, his 
lowest total of the season. 


Abdul Rauf made 13 of 21. in- 
cluding 3-for-5 on 3-pointers. One 
of the 3-pointers came at the half- 
time buzzer, providing the Nuggets 
with a 56-40 lead. 

Hornets 107, Celtics 101: 
Muggsy Bogues made a key steal in 
the closing seconds of regulation, 
then scored four points in the final 
40 seconds (rf overtime to rally 
Charlotte. 

Hersey Hawkins converted Bo- 


gues’s steal from Dee Brown into a 
layup with 19.5 seconds left to 
force overtime. Bogues, who had 12 
pmnts and 12 assists, hit a jumper 
with 402 seconds left in overtime 
to extend Charlotte’s lead, and be 
added two free throws with 20.8 
seconds to play. 

Alonzo Mourning had 26 points 
and 11 rebounds for Charlotte, 
which beat the Celtics for the 
fourth straight time. 


Pistons 108, Kings 102: Isaiah 
Thomas scored 20 of his 22 points 
in the first half and Terry Mills 
added 20 points to propel Detroit 
to a victory at the start of a four- 
game western swing. 


Detroiioutscored the Kings 35-25 
in the fourth quarter. Mills scored 
10 straight in one stretch, the last 
two on free throws to give Detroit a 
96-94 lead with 2:43 to play. 


Agence Fnmce-Presse 
FRANKFURT — Twofonner 
East German Olympic sw imming 
champions, Roca Remisch and Bine 
Weigang, admi tted Tuesday that 
thrir country's sports officials had 
given them perfonnanoo-enhanciiig 
drugs when they were children. 

Remisch, who woo three gold 
medals at the 1980 Moscow Games, 
said in a television interview that she 
was sure she had been “drugged for 
at least three months.” 

She said she had been told riie 
would not be selected for the na- 
tional team if she did not take the 
drugs. She stopped swimming com- 
petitively at the age of 16. 

Weigang who won a gold medal 
in the 4x100 medley relay at the 


1988 Games in Seoul, said “moral 
pressures” were put on young ath- 
letes to take drugs. 

“Quite amply,” she said, “yon 
could not say no.” 


■ IAAF Urges Crackdown 
The bead of the International 
Amateur Athletic Federation, Pri- 
mo Nebkrio, said there would be 
“consequences" for the 1996 Olym- 
pics if other world sports bodies 
did not take tougher action on 


ed from Heusenstamm, Germany. 

Nebiolo stopped short of threat- 
ening to pall track and fidd out of 
the Games, but was dearly con- 
cerned that doping could be a 
problem in Atlanta in 1996. 


SCOREBOARD 


Gant, Injured, Is Released by Braves 

1 WEST PALM BEACH, Florida (AF)— Outfielder Ron Gant, possibly 
out until the All-Star break because of a broken leg, was released Tuesday 

• ..I . « • J i -i «m c 



um LU1 Lll LUvnirVUU UX UUL UVUIU^UI « yiuavuiv^ 

by the Atlanta Braves in a move that saved the team almost 54.6 million, 
j Gant, coming off career-highs of 36 homers and 1 17 RBIs last season, 
hurt hims elf in a dirt-bike accident on Feb. 3. The injury came one week 

M 5 miltinn mnrrurt Rv nittini! him 


pay, aouui m ly uauu uui uouu uuu uu 

Friday, bat would have to pay him Ms full salaiy. 

'. If Gant is not claimed, be is free to work out a deal with any dub, 
including the Braves, at any price. The two-time World Senes champion 
Toronto Blue Jays are bdierod to be interested. 


Prost Rules Out a Prix Comeback 





PARIS (AFP) — The four-time world champion Alain Prost ended 
months of speculation on Tuesday by ruling out a comeback to Formula 
One racing with the McLaren-Peageot team. 

Prost, who quit the sport last season after warning the title for 
W ifliams -Reoatut, has been courted by McLaren’s chief, Ron Dennis. 
B-»j the Frenchman, who test-drove the new McLaren MP4/9 at Estoril, 
b n : Portugal last week, announced Tuesday that he was retiring defini tively. 
' — Prost, 39, won 51 Grand Prix races and began Ms career with McLaren. 
Hewnn his first three world titles, in 1985,1986 and 1989, with McLaren. 


Alter Heisman, Ward Wins Sullivan 


INDIANAPOLIS (AP) — Chadie Ward, the H e isma n Trophy winner 
from Florida State, won the Sullivan Award as the outstanding U.S. 
1 amateur athlete for 1993. . . _ _ .. 

• ' The quarterback is the first football player to win the SuDivan 

Army teammates Doc Blanchard in 1945 and Arnold Tucker in 1946. 
Ward and Blanchard are the only ones to have won both the Heisman and 
1 the Sullivan. 

• i The other finalists were: the wrestler Bruce Baumgartner, the ©mnast 
Shannon Miller; the figure skater Brian Boitano; the runner Gati Devere; 

' the basketball player Bobby Hurley; the speed skater Dan Jansmjthe 
decathlon athlete Dan O’Brien; the basketball player Sheryl Swoopes, 
and the swimmer Jenny Thompson. 


Citing Cost, Vikings Cut McMahon 

EDEN PRAIRIE, Minnesota (AP) —Jim McMahon has beat deemed 
too expensive by the National Football ^ ^ Mm^ta^on^ ml 
■ i may join his fourth organization since leaving the QncagoBemsm 1989. 
ii Vilrings on Monday ent the quarterback wto tMty tad 1 hoped 
■l , would put them in the Super BowL McMahon would baw trade about 
5:511 nriffion in 1994 had the VDdngs retained bi^Actomlnsaffltiart 
•: ! gave the Vikings until Tuesday to make a decision. McMahra, 34, is now 
! an unrestricted free agent and still could tetam to the Vfcmgs 
Sean Salisbury, whohas started eight games for 
last two seasons, is a free agent, but the Vikings hm* the right to match 
any offer he receives. Minnesota also bolds exclusive rights to the young 
quarterbacks Gino Torretta and Brad Johnson. 


EASTERN CONFERENCE 
AHorttc OtvJston 

W L Pd GB 

NcwYorfc « 19 MS — 

Orlando 37 24 MS! 5 

Miami 34 27 S57 > 

New Jersey H 29 535 10 

Barton 22 39 Mi 20 

Philadelphia 21 41 J39 21V- 

Washington 19 42 JU 23 

Central Dfrfslaa 

Atlanta 43 18 JH — 

CMcaso 39 22 Mt 4 

Cleveland 36 26 S81 7V2 

Indiana 32 27 342 10 

Charlotte 26 3* 433 16ft 

Milwaukee 17 44 J79 26 

Detroit 16 46 .258 27 

WESTERN CONFERENCE 
Midwest DtvMan 

W L Pd GB 

Houston 42 17 .712 — 

Sat Antonio 44 19 A98 — 

uion 43 2D 683 1 

Denver 30 31 692 13 

Minnesota 16 45 262 27 

Dallas 8 54 .129 35ft 

Pacific Dhrftiea 

Seattle 45 15 JSD - 

Phoenix 40 20 667 5 

Portland 38 24 M3 B 

Golden State 35 26 674 10ft 

1_A. Lakers 24 36 600 21 

LJL Clippers 22 38 J67 23 

Sacr am ento 21 41 -339 25 

MONDAY'S RESULTS 
Boston 21 21 27 26 6—lil 

Charlotte M 28 32 19 1J-II7 

B: Radio 10-15 04 2ft. Brawn 6-13 44 11 C: 
Mounting 9-158-9 M, HowWns 8-13 1-3 17. Re- 
bounds— Boston 56 IPInctatey 131. Charlotte 

54 (Mourning 11). Assists— Boston 23 (Brown 
61, Charlotte 30 (Bogues 12). 

SOB A*tonk> 26 14 22 26- ■ 

Denver 34 22 29 31—116 

S: Del Negro 8-160416, Carr 5-954 15.D: L 
EH Is 7-10 24 17, AMul-Rouf 13-21 4-4 31 Re- 
tmnd»— San Antonia 61 (Robinson, Rodman 
9), Denver 50 (R. Williams, B. William* 6>. 
AssHfr-San Antonio 19 (Anderson 7), Denver 
28 (Pack 8). 

LA. Lakers 22 31 23 25-101 

UU 29 19 19 25 — 182 

LA.: Dtvoc 8-12 3-4 19, Van ExH 7-153-4 23. 
U: Malone 8-18 3-7 19, Stockton *-10 3-3 16. 
Chambers 7-12 M 11 Homocek 6-9 4-5 16. 
Rebounds — Los Angeles 47 tDIvoc 13). Utoh 
X ( Benoll, Malane 91. Asshto-La Angeles 17 
(Dtvoc 7). Utah 26 (Stockton T2). 

Detroit 28 27 26 15-H8 

Sacrame nt o IB 26 33 25—182 

D: Mills 7-14 6-6 2ft, Thomas B-14 54 22. S: 
Webb M3 4-4 IB. Richmond 8-19 4-4 21. Re- 
betmds— Detroit 50 (Chllcuft 121, Sacramento 

55 (Patynlce 131, ABM*— Detroit 21 l Do- 
mars. Hunter 6), Sacramento 23 (Webb 7>. 


EASTERN CONFERENCE 
Atlantic Division 

W L T Pts GF GA 
N.Y. Ranee rs 43 21 6 92 249 193 

New Jersey 39 20 10 88 249 182 

Washington 31 30 B 70 221 213 

PNkxletpMa 31 32 7 69 250 362 

Florida 29 29 1ft 68 189 119 

N.Y. Islanders 28 32 8 64 236 224 

Tampa Bay 25 36 9 59 1H7 210 

Northea s t DtvtUoe 

Boston 36 22 12 84 238 199 

Montreal 36 22 12 B4 241 199 

Ptttsbunm 35 22 12 82 2S0 239 

Buffalo 36 26 8 80 235 IBS 

Quebec 28 34 7 63 226 233 

Hartford 23 39 B 54 190 233 

Ottawa 10 52 ■ 28 166 331 

WESTERN CONFERENCE 
Central Dttriskm 

W L T Pts GF GA 
e-Toronto 38 21 IT 87 231 197 

Detroit 40 23 5 85 297 230 

Dallas 35 25 10 80 236 219 

Chicago 34 29 8 76 210 191 

St. LaulS 33 26 9 75 219 228 

Winnipeg 19 44 8 46 210 29S 

Pacific DMstoa 

Catoarv 34 26 II 79 251 223 

Vancouver 34 31 3 71 233 222 

San Jose 25 31 13 63 196 223 

Anaheim 36 40 5 57 193 219 

Las Angeles 22 36 to 54 241 266 

Edmonton 19 41 10 48 215 258 

x-d Inched Ptovofi spat. 

MONDAY'S RESULTS 
Poston 12 1—1 

Montreal 0 14-5 

Flist Period: B-Hugtws 11 (Murray, Ju- 
neau). Second Period: B-Donato 19 (Neely, 
Heine) : B-Smallrakl 25 (Hughes, Sweeney) : 
M-L6CMrl6{Bnmef>.TMrtftorlod:MAAull- 
er 20 (Deslardlns); M-LeCb1r17 (Brlsebols. 
Petrov) ; M-Brunef to I Cartxmneau Petrov) ; 
M-Demphousse 31 (Bellows); B-Swmney 5 
(Dates, Neely); Ipp), Shaft gn goal: B (on 
Ray) 14-10-18—42. M (on Casey) MM— 36k 
Oikneo t i d—1 

QOttNK 1 2 8-5 

First Period: Q-Vouw 22 (LesriiyNiyrt. So- 
klc); IppI. Second Period: O-Ricd 23 (Suncfin, 
Young): (pp). C-Ruuttu 8 ( RSutter, Poulin) ; Q- 
Sunfito 27 (Leschystiyn, Young): (pp>- TOM 
Ported: OHBossen 9 (SundlrvMacDgrmJd); Q- 
Kameraky 22 (Sutler, Soklc). Shots on goal: C 
(oa Flset) 9-15-6-30. Q (on Hackett) 5-1445-27. 

N.V, Rangers o i 8-1 

Florida 2 0 0-3 

First Period: F-Uunakin !6(BeJanger,Met- 
lanby); top). F-HuH 11 (Skrudkaid). Second 
Period: N.Y.-Harfman 1 (Zubov, Kvpreosl. 
Stmts aa goal: N.Y. (an VanUcsbrouck) 6-12- 
10—28. F (on Rktter) 9-7-7—21 


nle Young, outfielders, to their minor-league 
camp lor reassignment. 

SEATTLE— Optioned Jeff Darwin and Reg- 
ota Harris. pHcnm; ars Homed, catcher; 
and Ruben Santana Infielder; to CotoarY.PCL; 
Crale Clayton, Pitcher, to JadaanwlUe.SLi and 

Alex Rodriguez, tofietder, to Appleton, ml. 

TORONTO— Sent Rknrdo Jordan and Jcs- 
m Crass, pHctwrs, to their minor-league camp 
for reasslunment. 


CINCINNATI— Released Stove Lefts, cotch- 
or. Sent Kevin Wtckander. Mike Ferry, Rich 
5auveur, John Courfrlghi, Jeff Pierce and Ke- 
vin Jarvtx pitchers; Rick Wrona and Greo 
Hammond, catchers; Keith Gordon and Sieve 
Gibraltar, outfielders; and Kellh Kesstoaer, 
Brian KoeUlna and Jamie Dtsmuke, Inflelden, 
to their mlnor-leaouo comp for reassignment 

COLORADO— Released Jack Daughortv, 
Infleider-ouffleMer. Sent John Burke, Mark 
Thompson. Ivan Arteaga and Brran Rekar, 
Pilchers; Jorge Brito and Mark Stri Itmatfer, 
catchers ; Pedro Costoliana and Webster Gar- 
rison. infielders, and Andy Mata Trent Hub- 
bard and Quinton McCracken, outfielders, to 
theb- minor -I oasue conw for reassignment. 

FLORIDA — Dal toned Javier De La Horn 
Kurt Miller. Kip Vaugtm and Mike Mver* 
pitchers, to Edmonton. PCL; Ramon Martinez 
and Tim Clark, infMdera, and Jesus Tavarez, 
outfielder, to Portland. EL; and Mall Whlsen- 
ani pitcher, to Brevard County. FSL. Sent vie 
Dcuenbouro and John Johnstone, pitchers, aid 
Charles Johnson mi John Roskos. catchers, to 
their minor -league camp for reassignment 

Philadelphia— S am Tcbv Borland, 
Brad Brink, Kevin Foster, Wayne Gomes, 
Ryan Karp and Jeff Patters o n. Pitchers; 
Gene Scholl aid Shawn Gilbert, Infielden; 
PhJI Gelsier and Jeff Jackson, outfleklera; 
and Jason MoUerandTrev Rusk, col chore, to 
(tietr miner -league camp (or reassignment. 

PITTSBURGH— Sent John Hope. Roberta 
Rarfiiroz and Dan MlaHl, pitchers; Keith 
Osik, catcher; Mike Brown and Rich Aud&lst 
basemen; Dave Rohde, Infielder; end Stan 
Cameron, outfielder, to (Mr minor -l eague 
com p tor reassignment. 


SAN DIEGO— Sent Bryce Ftorle, Kerry 
Taylor, Blaine Beatty, Fide! Camproe, Eric 
Gunderson and Benny Harriger, Pitchers; Ju- 
lia Bruna,1nHetder; Randy Curtl* RavMcDa- 
vlcL Vince Moore, Lonnie Madln and Keith 
Thomas, outfielders; and Brian Deak and 
John Ramos, catchers, to their minor-league 
camp tor reassignment. 

SAN FRANCISCO— Sent Dan Carlson, BIU 
Van Lantfingham, Chris Hancock and Joe 
RoasellL pitchers; to Ihelr minor-league 
camp tor reassignment. 

BASKETBALL 

National Basketball Association 

NBA— Fined Olfionl Robinson, Portland cen- 
ter, S7J00 tor verbally crfiusina officials and Ml 
Ing to leave court quickly after being elected 
from game against Golden State on March 10. 

FOOTBALL 

National Football League 

ATLANTA— Declined la match New Orleans' 
otter sheet tor Mkhaei Haynes, wide receiver. 

BUFFALO— Agreed to terms with John Do- 
vls, offensive lineman. 

MINNESOTA— Wotved Jim McMahon, 
quarturbock. 

N.Y. JETS— Signed Donald E vests, defen- 
sive lineman, to 3-year Contend. 

HOCKEY 

National Hockey League 

NHL— Arbitrator has ruled SL Louis must 
send Croig Jamey. cent er,and2d-round draft 
choice to Vancouver as compensation for 
signing Petr Medved, center. 

ANAHEIM— Recalled John Uliey, right 
wins, from San Diego, IHL. 

MONTREAL— 5 toned Crete Rlvet.delense 
man. 

COLLEGE 

ALDER50N-BRQADD US— Named Bill 

Denntston men's soccer coach. 

BARTON COUNTY CC— Named Pat Smith 
menu basketball coach. 

BOSTON COLLEGE— Named Jim Reid de- 
fensive coordinator, Bill McGovern defensive 
baekfietd coach and Don "Deck" Pollard de- 
fensive line coach. 

CAN 151 US— Denise LaRusch, women's 
basfcetbcdl coach, resigned. 


CAPITAL— Scott Weaklcv. men's basket- 
ball coach, resigned effective June i. 

COE— Bab Lamfls, basketball coach, re- 
signed. 

DUKE— Named Ken Matous wide rocetv- 


EA5TERN WASHINGTON— Bill Sfflfth- 
petera. women's basketball coach, retired. 

FLORIDA— Named Ron Zook linebackers 
coach. Bob Pruett secondary coach. Charlie 
Strong asst* t au t head coach and defensive 
tackles coach. Bob Sander* defensive line a>- 
anflnator. Carl Franks Inside linebackers 
coach, and Jim Collins tight ends coach and 
recruiting coordinator. 

FREED-HARDEMA M Ra ndy Brawn, 
women's basketball coach, resigned. 

GEORGIA 5T. — Fired Bob Reinhart, men's 
basketball coach. Named Carter Wilson 
men's acting basketball coach lor 1 year. 

HOF5TRA— Named Michael McCarty of- 
fensive coordinator. 

HOUGHTON— Named Peter Fuller men's 
soccer coach. 

HOUSTON— Keltti Fergus, men's goff 
coach, resigned. 

KENTUCKY— suspended Rodrlck Rhodes, 
forward, from March 1 1 Southeastern Confer- 
ence tournament game tor breaking unspeci- 
fied team rule. 

LEHIGH— Hank Small, football coach, re- 
signed. 

LINCOLN MEMORIAL— Named Craig 
Rasmuson men's basketball roach. 

MAINE— Paul Kariva, hockey center, relin- 
quished hb NCAA eligibility. 

MARSHALL— Named Billy Donovan men's 

basketball coach. 

MCNEESE ST.— Steve Welch, menu bas- 
ketball roach, resigned, effective April 30. 

MISSOURI— Named Gene MCArtor asso- 
ciate athletic director. 

MONMOUTH, NJ^Wayne Szoke, athletic 
director, reigned Named Marilyn McNeil 
atMellc director, effective April 15. 

MORE HEAD ST .—Reassigned Cole Proc- 
ter, football eooch. Named Matt Bal tort Inter- 
im toolbatl coach 


NAVY— Named Richard Bell defensive co- 
ord motor. 

NEIL-OMAHA — Bob Hanson, men's basket- 
ball roach rostonaCL 

NEW HAVEN— Named Thomas Polfros 
men's roonr r coach. 

NEW MEXICO— Extended uxitrocl Of 
Dave Bliss, men's basketball coach, tor 4 
yean through 1998-1999 season. 

HJL LOUISIANA— Named Tucker Peavev 
offensive line coach. 

REDLANDS— Named Bill Dobson assis- 
tant football coach. 

ST. CLOUD 5T, — Named Lori U Herts wom- 
en's basketball coach. 

ST. JOHN'S— Named Joanne Peretco- 
Smltti women's volleyball roach. 

ST. PETE ITS— Named Vkfcl Morrow safl- 
ball roach. 

ST. PETER'S— Named Mark Collins toot- 

ban epoch- 

SAN DIEGO ST. — Suspended Kyle Turley, 
Dan Nltsen,Maff Roe and Mark Roe .offensive 
linemen, from all football team activities and 
use of tootbalFrelated (acuities tor 4- to* 
weeks after they were arrested for Investlga- 
lion of conspiracy to commit battery and van- 
dalism last weekend. 

S. CAROLINA— Named Bob Sttnchcomb 
Dnebadcers and medal teams coach. 

3. DAKOTA ST.— Named Gerry Gdowskl 
receivers coach. 

SOUTHERN COLORADO-Nomed Roy 
Stanley men's aid women's soccer coach. 

SOUTHERN MISSISSIPPI— Named am 
Lewis defensive linemen roach. 

SOUTHERN METHODIST— Nomed CurttS 
Johnson, r e ce i vers coach. 

STANFORD— Named Vaughn Williams de- 
fensive backs coach. 

SU5QUE hanna— N amed Kwome Lloyd 
women's soccer roach. 




ENGLISH FJL CUP 
Quarterfinal 
Luton & West Ham ft 


'-W -if J^For the Record 


Major League Scores 




UNC tt 

UHC r. 


V 


^ a dJ 

Ddlas. H« had 

SSStoMm £3 *27.64. 

on Saturday. 


PRE-SEASON EXHIBITION GAMES 
Monday's Results 
Florida 9. Los Anodes 1 
Atlanta 12, Montreal 6 
Houston 10, Kansas City (ssl 1 
Philadelphia 7, Toronto 4 
Pittsburgh 5, Boston 4 
Chicago WfiHe Son iss) 6. Kansas Cliv (ss) 4 
Cleveland 4, New York Mefs 3 
SL Louis 9. Texas 8 
Chicago Cubs 4, Milwaukee 3 
Seattle 9. San Dleoo 4 
San Francisco 11. CotoroOa 4 
California 6* Oakland 2 
Baltimore 5, Cincinnati 2 
Chicago While Sox (ss) 9. MJnneieta 5 
New York Yankees 1 Detroit 1 


BA5EBALL 
American League 

BOSTON— Optioned Joe Clccorelto and 
Rob Henkel, pitchers, and Jose Matovo. out- 
tMder.ta No* Britain. EL. Sent Ruben Rodrl- 
guK and Ate* Delgado, catchers, ond Brian 
Conroy and Don Florence, pHetwra. to their 
minorvtoague camp for rsasElgnriieflt- 
CALI FORNIA— Optioned Htilv Hathowov. 
Mark Hofeemer, Bob Gamez. Troy Perdval 
and Ron WaftPfcpIteherLendMorfc Sweeney, 
outfielder, to Vancouver, PCL. Sent Nelson 
Simmons, outfielder, to their minor-tow* 
eomp tor reasstonmonf. 

MINNESOTA— Traded Lenny Webster, 
catcher, to Montreal tor player to be rwned 
later. OpltoMd Marry Cordova, outllewer, 

and Ron Cartdad and Jose Correa, pllchers, » 

their minor-league camp tar rwsslpnmem. 

OAKLAND— Sent ScoM Bakqr,Curtl55haw, 
Taman Sturize. Benil Grigsby# Joe Stosareki 
and John Wasdin. pitchers; itzv Molina wd 
Dean Borrow, catchers; Seotiv Lvdv and Er- 


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Page 28 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1994 


OBSERVER 


Real Life and the Soaps 


New York Violences A Yoko Ono Musical 


By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — While making 
tea by the kitchen TV I heard 
Janet say, “When you put a man's 
wife down a well and lake her place, 
people are bound to hold a grudge 
against you." I wanted to comfort 
her, because that's what Janet had 
done: put a wife down a wdl, then 
moved in with the husband. 

“Come on, Janet," I wanted to 
tell her, "there are worse things 
than putting a man’s wife down a 
well. There's thrill killing, for in- 
stance, and it’s made a media star 
of Charles Manson. Didn't you see 
Diane Sawyer doing another Man- 
son interview just the other night, 
for heaven's sake?" 

I didn’t say this to Janet because 
Janet lives in Soapland, and I don’t 
want to taint the sweetness of 
Soapland life. I like Janet thinking 
that putting a man's wife down a 
well is really a big deal. She’s such 
an innocent. 

I don't want her knowing that 
out here in Deodorant! and putting 
a man’s wife down a well wouldn't 
rale more than 10 seconds of ban- 
ter by the weatherman and the 
news reader between body bags on 
the local news. 


Like everybody else in Soapland, 
Janet never looks at TV. In Soap- 
land everybody is too enmeshed in 
love to look at TV. I think this is 
bow they preserve their sweetness. 

In Pine Valley, Janet's Soapland 
hometown, love occupies about 95 
percent of the average person's 
time. That's a lot of time spent on 
love. It doesn't leave much for 
watching famous killers being in- 
terviewed on TV. 

Right now in Pine Valley Ed- 
mund is marrying the most beauti- 
ful young brain surgeon ever pro- 
duced by the Johns Hopkins brain- 
surgery department. Their love was 
touch-and-go for awhile because it 
looked as if Edmund might be in 
love with Brooke, who was on the 
rebound after being jilted by her 
husband. Tad, who is now in love 
with Dude, whose marriage to Bri- 
an never worked out 

The wedding, incidentally, has 
interrupted the trial of Erica for 
stabbing her latest husband, Dmi- 
tri, in a fit of hysteria brought on by 
the fear that Dmitri was in love 
with Kendall, Erica's daughter by 
the crafty old rapist — But never 


mind. You get the idea: In Pine 
Valley It's love, love, love. 

What it is out here in Deodorant- 
land is nuts, nuts, nuts. People hat- 
ing each other to death in the Mid- 
dle East, Ireland, the Balkans, 
really enjoying it in some perverted 
way, surely, or else why do they 
never relmt? 

□ 

Republicans frothing happily at 
the prospect of another presidency 
destroyed, media sharks pack-feed- 
ing on hopelessly trapped losers, 
tabloid TV pandering to oar nastiest 
dreams, sleazemeisters turning pub- 
lic service into fodder for cynics, and 
the constant whine, whine, whine of 
people so skilled at fancying a slight 
that you can't look them in the eye 
without inviting a lawsuit 

The day I became involved with 
Janet I was fleeing what passes for 
life in an age when Mickey Mouse 
and Oliver North can take over the 
state of Virginia. Sure, Mickey 
Mouse can triumph in Florida and 
southern California, venues fam- 
ous for their hospitality to fakery. 

And sure, Oliver North can tri- 
umph in third-rate states (sorry, no 
names even upon request) where 
you can fool most of the people 
practically all of the time. But not 
m Virginia, surely. Not in the Old 
Dominion, “Mother of Presi- 
dents.” 


Yet Virginia is precisely where 
Mouse and the shredding colonel 
appear to be riding high. The Dis- 
ney corporation has Virginia's gov- 
ernor, a no-tax Republican, sud- 
denly endorsing use or public 
money to blight a piece of (be Blue 
Ridge with yet another Mouse 
park. 

Mickey Mouse, fun in T-shirt 
country, looks more like Godzilla 
when he appears in Virginia. Oliver 
North, trying to become the Re- 
publican candidate for senator, is 
more reminiscent of Boris Karloffs 
Mummy, risen as he is from the 
squalor of Iran-contra disgrace to 
tempt Virginia to let him speak for 
it in the Senate. 

Disney and the colonel are more 
evidence that if s nuts, nuts, nuts 
here. I flee to the kitchen, make tea 
and seek the security of Pine Val- 
ley, where putting a wife down a 
well can still bother people. 

New York Tima Service 


By Alex Witchel 

New York Tuna Service 

N EW YORK — She is every woman’s worst night- 
mare. Her first two marriages ended in divorce. Her 
third husband was shot and killed in front of her. She lost 
custody of her daughter in 1970 and never saw her ag ain. 
Her art was ridiculed for decades. Her music was reviled 
while her husband's was celebrated. 

She was also accused of single-handedly destroying the 
most popular music group of the century. Her greatest 
achievement, it would seem, eanv. from brainwashing that 
third husband into marrying her in the first place. He was, 
in the end, a god. She was, all alon g, the DeviL 
It appears she is every man’s worst ni ghtmar e, too. 
Yoko Ono is 61. She still lives in the Dakota, where 
Mark David Chapman killed John Lennon on Dec. 8, 
1 980. Their son, Sean, now 18, is a freshman at Columbia 
University. Lennon would have been 54. 

"Please take your shoes off. We have a Japanese house- 
hold,” says Sam Havadtoy, the interior designer 19 years 
Ono's junior whom she calls her companion. Ono enters 
almost imm edia t ely, in jeans and a short-sleeved blue 
shut. She wears no makeup, and, thankfully, has removed 
the huge dark glasses she almost always wears in public. 

She leads the way into what she calls the White Room, 
which is true to its name, piano, walls, couches. From the 
floor- to-ceding window you can see the Imagine mosaic in 
Strawberry Fie l ds, in Central Park, which Ono created in 
memory of her husband. Tourists ring it, miring pictures. 

Ono is nervous. She slept only four hours the previous 
night, she says, lighting a cigarette, since she is working on 
her new musical, “New York Rock,” which is to open off- 
B roadway at the WPA Theatre on March 30. She is very 
small, about 5 feet, maybe 100 pounds, if you weigh her 
after dinner. 

Her face is remarkable, virtually unline d. “My secret is 
to have a very rough life and do everything under the son 
you’re not supposed to do,” she says, laughing. Like 
heroin? She stops laughing, “I regret that now. I guess it’s 
partly genes. I went through macro and vegetarian, but we 


The sudden transition to “we" takes hold and stays. The 
biggest feeling that comes from this tiny person an the 
white couch is an almost physical loneliness for Lennon, 
as if his death were an amputation. 

This room is basically like it was when John was here,” 
rite says. She walks past the Egyptian furniture, French 
doors, elaborate moldings, to the piano, which is covered 
with photographs. This is John’s famous Aunt Min, and 
that's Uncle George with John as a very young teenager.” 
There are two pictures of Lemum. One is a portrait, slightly 
out of focus in black and white. The other, in color, shows 
him wearing a T-shirt that says “The Greeting Committee.” 
She points to the portrait. “This was the John I knew: the 
writer, artist, intellectual. That is the John he showed to the 
world: the wicked rocker, macho, g rinning ” 

“Theater is a new experience for me and I love it,” Ono 
says, turning to the business at hand. “I wasn't inten ding 
to do it I go by the flow. Most people think Pm a 
determined woman with a plan for everything. I was doing 
avant-garde movies before I got together with John. I 
became fascinated with rock and pop, and I went there 
instead of resisting and saying no, I’m from the avant- 
garde. I learned so much and it gave me a lot of joy.” 

“New York Rock” began after she was approached by 
an artist to collaborate on what she calls “something dose 




to a virtual-reality thing.” She wrote some songs and “this 
script, book, whatever you call it” before the two parted 
ways and she reclaimed her material. 

The result is a contemporary love story between a man 
and a woman, destroyed by violence in New York City. 
“It’s a worldwide phenomenon that all dries are danger- 
ous, not just New York,” she says. “I was reading books 
on World War II and how resilient people were. In 

Leningrad, when they were attacked by the Germans, they 

were out of food and water, and when there were no mare 
words the deqay put a dock on the microphone and let it 
tick and that sound sustained than. How resilient human 
beings are! I have a romantic feeling about the human 
race. They fall in love despite fear of AIDS, cancer or the 
street, showing there is hope. That’s the one thing we have, 
the survival instinct. Love for being h uman , love for life. 

It seems incredible that after her own devastation she 
could stiU feel this. “I'm not an optimist,” she says. “I 
really think Pm just being logical. We must start trusting 
-yrh other. Caring. It sounds naive or like something 


Samt De OuBo/The Yixt Time 


“Theater is a new experience for me,” says Ono. 


room and when he visits them they go to their room. They 
can’t go to Central Park and play. Is that normal?” 

And what about heisdf? T don’t walk alone,” die says. 
“After John's death, I got practical We didn't believe in 
weapons, so we also didn't believe in security guards. But 
for my son's sake I started to use the guards.” 

Didn't her husband’s murder shake her faith in fans, in 
human nature? T don't know if he was a John Lennon 
fan, first of aR” she says bitterly. “We made a choice to be 
accessible, to do some good. Well it brought misery. But it 
wasn't like John was responsible. There was something 
wrong with that person who did it Yon can’t preconceive 
what others will do to you. 

“When John died, I cm all the bridges off. His mother 
was already gone and be had no relationship with his 
father. He was like an orphan and me, too, in a strange 
way,” referring to her 20-year estrangement from her 
banker father and socialite mother that ended in 1980. 
“And I thought, if I die, Sean would be an orphan, too. 
Let’s count the years. I should at least survive and be here 
for him until he’s 20. 1 wanted to keep the home where his 
father’s memory is. So, I stuck it ool Now he's 18.” She 
smil es. T think Td like to stay longer.” 

Working in the theater, which means collaboration, 
must be difficult for her, after operating alone for so long. 
Tt is true; Tin not very good at it,” she says. "But I have 
discovered a whole new world.” Which impressed her 
enough to relinquish the direction of the rock opera, with 
its cast of nine unknowns, six-piece band and 3 j songs, to 
Phillip Oesterman, most recently the associate director of 
“The Will Rogers Follies.” 

Tf I had directed, h would have been maybe too avant- 
garde, and maybe the message is too important,” she says. 

She remains in touch with her stepson Julian Lennon 
who she says is in Los Angeles making his next album. 
“When he visits New York sometimes he stays here,” she 
says. “But it’s not that ample as between Sean and me. 
I’ve known him ance be was S. We had a beautiful 
co mmunicati on But at home people are malting him 
guilty. I understand that. What do you think about your 
stepmother kind of thing. We have fun and then the next 
time he comes he says he's staying with friends, but I don't 
get hurl I realize what he has to go through.” 


PEOPLE 

Whoopi at ike Oscars? 
Consider It a Challenge 

Whoopi Goldberg doesn't plan Lo 
shy away from politics when she’s 
host of the Academy Awards on 
Monday. The world should know 
that we’re not just these fluff pigs , 
you read about," she said. “We do 
think about more than just our hair 
and our salaries." Susan Sarandon 
and Tim Robbins, who used theira, 
rime on stage on Oscar night to? 
criticize the detention of Haitian 
refugees, weren't asked back this 
year. “You're not supposed to be 
political based on what I saw last 
year, and then, of course they turn 
around and ask me to host it,” said 
Goldberg, who is not known for ho- 
reticence. “I’m thinking, ‘Very in- 
teresting.'" 

□ 

The American-born director 
Jdes Dassin will donate $400,000 
and all future proceeds from films 
he made or that starred Ms late wife, 
Melina Mercouri, to an institute in 
bee honor in Greece that will pro- 
mote a new Acropolis Museum and 
cany on Mercouri's campaign to 
bring the Parthenon marbles back to 
Greece. The culture minister and 
former actress died cm March 6 in 
New York at the age of 73. The 
Greek government announced 
Tuesday that Thanos MBoxndsQus, 
the deputy culture minister, would 
take over Mercouri's post 

□ 

Being Ernest: Then she snakd. 
She did not have to smile. She did 
not hare to lick ha lips with that 
tongue, the kind that would not quit 
What was she trying to do? Was this 
her way of being coy at 1 AM, or 
was there a poppy seed caught in her 
teeth?” With this purple prose, Ber- 
nice Richmond became the 
woman winner of the International * 
Imitation Hemingway Competition. 

□ 

Eckart Witzfgmana has been 
nam ed “chef of the century” by the 
French guide Gault et Mtflau. Wit- 
7i gTnann, an Austrian, is the former 
chef of Aubergine in Munich. The 
city authorities withdrew his license 
after his conviction for possession of 
cocaine. He has since sold ins share 
in Aubergine and is now consultant 
to a DGsseldorf fish firm. 


uvternahonal 

CLASSIFIED 

Appears on Pages 4&6 


Europe 


Algarve 
Ann ta n ta m 
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Athens 


Today T bnmw 

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■ 8/18 hi 

Vera 

15/59 

5/41 

pc 

10/50 

206 ■ 

Vanrai 

9/48 

104 

pc 

E /41 

- 3/27 pc 

Warsaw 

3/37 

■307 

m 

1/34 

■ 6/22 a 


Oceania 


WEATHER 

Forecast for Thursday through Saturday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 

tf wmmmp ran! 


CROSSWORD 


Mlnan Bfl 6 * 1 

North America 

Cold weather In the North- 
east Thursday wit gradually 
moderate by the weekend. 
Wanner weather wffl surge 
northward through Kansas 
City and Chicago laler this 
week. A new storm from the 
Pacific Ocean may spread 
rain Mo Los Angetes t^r Sat- 
urday. 




y ■ -■ 

53X, 


UmonsmUr 

He* 


Europe 

Cooler weather will shift 
southward through London 
and Frankfurt later this 
weekend along with a taw 
shorn rs. Cooler weather wrt 
reach Peris later Hits week. 
Snow is posable tram Oslo 
and Copenhagen 10 near 
Warsaw later Friday Mo Sat- 
urday. Northern Scandkiavta 
wfl grow qrie cold. 


Asia 

Beijing through 5eoul wfll 
have dry, cool weather later 
this week. Shanghai to Hong 
Kong wfl have douefs and a 
shower or two Thursday. Fri- 
day Into Saturday will be 
partly sunny. Tokyo wB have 
dry, mflder weather later this 
week- Snow and gusty winds 

w# visa Sapporo. 


Today 
High Low 
OF OF 
33/91 25/77 
11/52 -4425 
21/70 174 C 
32/88 21/70 
asms ISAM 
7 M 4 -406 
12/53 6/43 

SOtaS 24/76 
21/70 17*2 
10/50 002 


Tomorrow 
W Up Iw W 

OF OF 


Middle East 


Today Tomorrow 

Ugh Low W Mgh Low W 

OF OF OF OF 

18 /B 8 12/53 a 21/70 14/57 ■ 

20 /SB 8/48 a 23/73 12*3 * 

13/56 4/39 pc 16*51 0 M 3 a 

M /57 0*48 a 17«2 SMS t 

21/70 205 a 27/80 BM 8 pc 

19*66 8 M 6 pc 26/77 10/50 a 


Latin America 

Today Tomorrow 

Mgh Low W Mgh low W 
OF OF OF OF 

Busnoa Afcoi 23773 17*2 r 22/71 14/57 * 

Camera 29/84 20*8 a 28/84 IB /88 PC 

Lima 28/70 21/70 a 27/80 21/70 pc 

Mexico CSy 36/78 10/50 pc 28/78 10*0 pc 

nodaJangko 31/88 23/73 pc 51*8 2 V 73 pc 

Sstdago 27/80 14/57 3 34/93 17«2 l 


Atywa 
Capa Town 


12*3 S 18/84 12*3 PC 
1509 a 26/78 13*5 P= 
11*2 • 22/71 12/53 pc 
7/44 pc 28*2 11*2 PC 
20/78 pc 32*8 27*0 pc 
11*2 pc 20/78 13*5 pc 
11*2 • 22/71 8/48 a 


North America 

Anctarapo - 7/20 - 1 i 
Marts 15*8 ( 


22/71 14/57 S 23/73 18*1 pe 
23/73 18*81 pc 22/71 15/58 pc 




1-18/0 pc 
' 5M1 1 

1 -2/28 pc 
I 0*2 pc 
i 4*9 pc 
r -4/25 pc 
1 19/88 pC 
I 12*3 pc 
I 11*2 c 
I 15*9 pc 
I 1*4 pc 
•8/19 *> 

I 18*86 pc 
> -4/25 PC 
! 16*81 pe 
I 10/50 di 
I 3*7 C 
I -B/22 d 
I -2/28 pc 


ACROSS 

1 G.E. subsidiary 
4 Mob member 
a Robotic rack 
group at the 
80s 

12 Emphasized, in 
away 

is Gov. Bayh of 
Indiana 
16 Mercury 

le’lchbin • 

Berliner* 


is Uses a scope 
zoLiptor 
competitor 

21 Snap request? 

22 Spread 

23 Mars 

ao "Pardon nje* 
si Successes 

32 Hubbub 

33 Strings of yore 

34 Prevailing mood 
30 Stash the bags 
37 Jersey call 


Solution lo Puzzle of March 15 


□□□B HHBO □□□□ 

mnmn □□□□□ nanaa 
□□nsasmnaH anaa 
□nsa 13000 ana 
antDaaoanaaaaEi 

QQBE3QD 
HQHEiiasa BBaaaa 
ana 000 ana 
□□□□□□ aucsuGJnani 
aiDuo □□Haas 
EQDamaanQQnaa 
(DQQ D0QQ G1QI113 

Hiuoa q a in Da duo a a | 
aoao 00000 aaaa 

13000 EJHQEJ QHlSuil 


30 Sea east of the 
Caspian 
30 Down to the 

40 Saturn 

45 Stack part 

46 "Now me 

down..." 

47 Knowing 

so Fair-to-middling 
si Ashen 
54 Pluto 
57 Woody's kid 
so Hidalgo 
highway 
so Ancient 
Mexican 
eo Parcel (out) 
si Gurnness Book 
suffix 


1 Nostalgic 
soft-drink brand 

2 "Tree r 

3 Gridiron pos. 

4 Three-horse 
sleigh 

5 “U Cant Touch 
This’ rap singer 

a Western Indians 

7 “ a life!" 

• With dexterity 


o Kind of eye 

10 Singer Jerry 

11 One and 

12 Numbered rd. 

13 High-tech 
memos 

14 Diplomats' 
quest 

17 Interprets 

21 TV correspond- 
ent Brit 

22 Wound 

23 Majorca seaport 

24" Beautiful 

DofT 

25 Naflaopposar 

26 Kind of dog 

27 Hand-dyed 
fabric 

aaLova to death 

29 Galley drudge 

34 Double 

(puzzle type) 

35 Etna locations 

36 Influence 

38 Change 

4i ’ customer" 

42-1 Like 

That" (GO'S hit) 

43 Comic Booster 

44 Hot cereal 
name 

47 Did Che crawl 


-O New York Times Edited by Will Shortz. 



Fwxf* toy Prod Pbcop 


4B Irene of "Fame" si Trials ' 53 Flyers' org. ^ 

"SSw - 16,11 55Auor ' Na,erslm: 

game) sa Tram contents 


Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


AIKT Access Numbers 
How to call around the world. 

1. Using the chan below, find the country you arc calling from. 

2. Did tilt corresponding AUST Access Number. 

An AJi£T EngJWi-speaking Operator or voice prompt will ask for the phone number you wish w call or connea von to a 
customer service representative. 

To receive your free wallet card of XRSTs Access Numbers, just dial the access number of 
the country’ yoifte in and ask for Customer Service. 


COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 
ASIA/PACIFIC 


COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 


Australia 

CUna^PKG*** 

0014-881-011 

10811 

Gam 

018-872 

Bong Kang 

808-1111 

India* 

Indonesia* - 

Japan* 

000-117 

001^801-10 

0039-111 

Korea 

009-11 

Korea** 

Malaysia* 

New Zealand 
FMBppInar 

11* 

8008011 

000-911 

105-U 


frefand 1-800-550-000 

172-1011 

I lech t en stcta* 155-00-11 

Hitman taw 8*196 

Luxembourg 0-808011 j , 

Mda- OgOOjjgO-lia . 

Monaco* 19*-Q011 

Nahotrodr 06 - 022-9111 

Norway 800 - 190-11 

PPhm*t*»** 0*0104800111 

Portugal* 05017-1-288 

Rum a ni a 01-8084288 . 

B”»fa"0Koecow) 155-5042 

Slovakia 0042000101 

Spain 900-99-00-11 

Swatenr 020-795-611 

Ow ton land* 155410-11 

P-K. 0500-89-0011 

MIDDLE EAST 

Bahrain 800-001 

CypnW 080-90010 . 

tod 177-100-2727 

Kuwaft 800-288 

Iriimtin OMtiiO 426-801 

Saudi Arabia 1-800-100 

Tartar 00800-12277 * 

AMERICAS 

Argentina* 001-800-200-1111 

Bett*** _ 555 

Bofhria- 0800-1111 

M 0008010 

qffle 001-0912- 


’Poirot**"* 




— - jx owr. j Imagine a world where you can call country to country as easily as you can from home. And 

reac ^ 1 the US. directly from over 1 25 countries. Converse with someone who doesn’t speak your 
83 b language, since it's translated instantly. Call your clients at 3 ajn. knowing they’ll get the message in 

your voice at a more polite hour. All this is now possible with ATSST 1 
, /W? 1 ® j 0 use these services, dial the ABET Access Number of the country you’re in and you'll get all the 

help you need With these Access Numbers and your AESST Calling Card international calling has never been easier. 

If you don’t have an AI SET Calling Card or you’d like more information on ARET global services, just call us using the 
convenient Access Numbers on your right. 


AIST 


Saipan* 

Singapore 

SriUmka 

TMwaug* 

Thailand* 


A ustria— • 
. Hdfduni" 
Bulgaria 
Croatia** 
r ^erh Rep 
Denmark* 
Finland* 
Fran ce 
Germany 
Greece* 
Hungary 
loebluFta 


235-2872 ; 

HOfrom -111 

4 30-4 30 

0080-10288-0 

0019-991-11 U 

EUROPE 

8*14111 

022-903-QU 

(PH-11-0010 

OQ-IHOO-OOIO 

99-38-0011 

00-420-00101 

8001-0010 

9800-100-10 

19A-OOU 

0130-0010 

00800-1311 

00*80081111 

999-001 


COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER 

Cdtambfa 980-11-0010 ' 

JGoatafficaH ~ tM 

Ecuador" HP ' 

BSahadorti 190 ' 

■ Guatemala* J90 

Guyana— 165 

Honduras^ J 23 

itokaAAA 95-800-462-4240 


Nicaragua (M * n ^ i ‘) 
Panama* 

Peru* 

Suriiwiw^ 

Uruguay 

Ve n ezue l a** 


174 

109 

191- 

156 

00-0410 

80-011-120 


Kuwaft 

Ijriwnnn Qgdnn) 

Saudi Arabia 

Tartay 


' Bermuda* ] 

■British Yl ; 

Cayman Islands ] 

Grenada* I 

Haiti" 001 

Jamaica** ( 

WafLAnffl 001 

» Sl Kta/Nevfa 1 

AFRICA 

Egypt* (Cairo) 

Gabon* 


CAwnmPAH 

1-800872-2881 

1-800-872-2881 

1-800-872-2881 

mds 1-800-872-2881 

1-80C-872-2881 

001-800372-2883 

0800-872-2881 ! 
1 001800872-2881 

ta 1800872-2881 


Kenya* 

Uberia 

-Malawi** 


■Alir 'jUtnpl jnlr,, p, jvadjWcIn jU,i,b«hc ag WoridC mo rtT- VwLv 
r*.-nw., n*,r> k.irnnn nli«1<cN>mi mm-duii SDCt Lannuw 

L*»-* vn* T-irtrr , m- taHfrn.uk mm.,11-1 lti>Linxin|K« 

•OKT World Cooaocr .Vrehi- h jvalljhV. 1mm anJtni|w«<vn«>h^ln 
■ W World eaaBBt-<VTv|iv prt jpph ) 

Afcr ISADfeea* >111 w l, inUilfc b< w al tie n nmn M*%l ahrne 
“PiJilk |/«ni>ni|uin-ilnm<<ii|n l irplMn-<-«iIKirUbliiin,. 

‘T’lfih pltM-.n-qiui-ik-rirdiil.iaiiirpbirvrunlfiiriluItw nUnirt-wUJlin 
llinnUUBV VjIMlt lali+i 


5108200 

QQArOor 

00111 ' 

0800-10 
797-797 1 
101-1992 


© 1994 ASSET 


-H«rro*lx-<nlUilr htmi-ns, plunr 
1 uilUii|i ■ nh 

<h it jdjhb 1 tam jE jrev. 

* A**i h-vmh] Uul ihik 

** I’*" ptamMuitaa Iwuai.i 

■ Hif/fni pWUCwuhu tart null 



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