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Herald 


INTERNATIONAL 




PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 



Paris, Wednesday, May 4 , 1994 


ire 
micd 
Rwanda 
Harder Post 



By Keith B. Richburg 

J - n . ,«, „ Am Service 

. At R USUMO FALLS BRIDGE. Rwandan- 
«* •■• - r : r. =*f ^SSE? 0 Border "7. 71,6 Rwandan rebd«S£l 

116 ha ? , hea * a shortwave 
**<c : ik* ^s.Suenilla oiganizaiion had 

- Rwandas border 5bW 

___ . .'■ - - ‘S^ P g ^f J many 35 a quarter-nrimon peopte 

^*7 JS *= ^. c ,. to flee the coimiiy* s ethmVcSr! 


, — _ . : i£ - -fr — ~ wuauys eumic car- 

f '*-• ' ' f**® 6, Jbe commander wanted to set forden 

ba,T.-. ; : - :*<*;• /journalists straight. 60 

n"'. — ' - ' I'stes^ “Th— ..:j . . . . 



Wri - 

r» wa Jl 
tc ±; . 


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«a 


Other. 

..In fact, said the commander, who declined to 
5 “ name, some of the 250,000 Rwandans 

who did flee the country last week were already 

^storting to trickle bade, and the guerrillas were 
there to greet them. 

.“Wc welcome anyone who wants to come," 
ate commander said. “Of course, there are some 
*™° are afraid to come bade. They are the 

- crjimnalc ** 

, - ®y “criminals*’ he was referring to members 
rf Rwanda’s Hutu ethnic majority who were 
.participants in the slaughter of Tulsis that has 
-1 Rwanda into Africa’s most horrific Ml- 


mgEround. 
The i 


TCU> 

E;LA>'*iFltfl 

ft.?.--- • 



Israeli Army 
Restricts Use 
Of Force as 
Accord Nears 


commander's welcome had an empty 
ring. The bulk of the refugees were Hums. 

.. ; T Since April 6. when President Juvfcnal Ha- 
. , byanmana, a Hutu, was killed in a plane crash 

that was attributed to a rocket attack, Hutas in /^1 • /"'I 1 A 1 

. tinlna hounds Alarm Over Sei 

l ;. tribesmen, as wdl as 'Hutu suspected of sup- T V/M ‘ 


*£ •■» -« 


W, 


..porting opposition political groups, according 
. to witnesses and human rights groups. 

At the same.time, therebd front — dominat- 
ed by Tuxsis — renewed fighting with the mfli- 
. ■ -jtary that began in 1990. In all, an estimated 
; ..’200,000 people have been killed in less than 
•lour weeks. 



7 : ', ' Tbe tods of the bfoodletriag were evident at 
* ~ fo ot of dy Tanarian ade <rf the bridge: a 


it* 


; biee pile ol machetes and knives collected by 
n . . .v Ta ozani a o troops from the refugees before they 
r . *e»e *J|P?t^to,AWtP7the : 

&o«earanda:^^griKs<nnef^; 
.v£ ^dence^ ofcoatmah^ massdatqhlcrwas viable 
.-beneath dm bD^^./as.Soai«s>Ad mnri^ted 
cwpses floated down the Xagera River arid 
over the Rnsomo FaBs. 

The corpses came every niinute or two, srane- 
times alone but usually in groups of two or 
three, as many as 30 in an hear. AD were badly 
bloated and disfigured, and they moved gently 
• in the murky water until they mntled over the 
' ia& just bdieath the 300-foot-long (90- meter). 
metal bridge. . - 

Several bodies had collected at the foot of the 
7 falls, stuck ‘between craggy rocks. They 
blocked together in the current, tangled in 
r wood and brush, most of diem naked or nearly 
so. One still wore bright red underpants; on 
another, green trousers were dearly visible, 
r. This macabre procesrion has continued for 
- several days, relief workers here said, with 25 to 
. 30 bodies rushing down the river every hour, at 
least 700 each day. 

v And they say that ax other spots along the 
river banks, such as Murongo farther north 
. near the Ugandan border, the count seems even 


Compiled br Our Staff From Di^nadta 

BEIJING — China acknowledged on Tues- 
day a serious breakdown of law and order in 
parts of the countryside, with warlords, bandits 
and feuding dans r unning rampant and peas- 
ants refusing to recognize constituted author- 
ity. 

Unrest among the country’s 900 million rural 
dwellers has a special resonance for the Chinese 
leadership, since Mao and his cohorts made the 
peasantry the, primary base for their seizure of 
power in 1949. , 

' The problem of rural disorder has been a 
source of concern for some time, but a front- 


page article in the official Legal Drily on Tues- 
day made it dear that the leadership's worries 
were multiplying. 

The newspaper said that such lawlessness 
meant that the central government was having 
increasing trouble controlling the soda! eco- 
nomic and political situation outride the big 
cities. 


day reported the statement of a senior military 
official reminding the armed forces that they 
were bound to obey the commands of the 
Communist Party. 


In some rural areas, the article said, “village 
soda! order is out of control." Local officials, it 


said, are “weak and lax. and some are already 
paralyzed.” 

- branother development showing strains in 
China’s leading institutions, the press on T ues- 


In his statement. General Zhang Zhen, vice 
chairman of the central military commission, 
said, “The great traditions of the" army include, 
especially, the absolute leadership of the Com- 
munist Party, devotion to the people and major 
political and ideological work." 


people on the other." Such entreaties usually 
imply lapses in discipline. 

Disaffection is believed to be on the rise in 
the army, whose 3 million soldiers have seen 
improvements in their living standards lag far 
behind those of their compatriots during die 
country’s continuing economic boom. Most re- 
cruits come from rural backgrounds. 

Economic reforms were riven a large share of 
the blame in the Legal Daily article for break-. 


Soldiers, he said, must "respect the union downs in the countryside. The report said the ~ 
between the People's Liberation Aitov and the rfun S cs had created a new dass of wealthy city - JfSJ. ^. r “ 0,ved - 

govenunen t on one hand, and the armv and the CfflNA, Page 6 daboratm 6 


Rabin and Arafat Meet 
In Cairo to Work Out 
Last-Minute Differences 

Compiled by Qur Staff From Dispatches 

JERUSALEM — The Israeli Army has light- 
ened its “open-fire” orders in the occupied 
territories to avoid shooting armed Palestinian 
police officers who will be deployed under self- 
rule, security sources said Tuesday. 

About 1 .000 Palestinian police officers are to 
move into the self-rule areas of Gaza and the 
West Bank town of Jericho following the ex- 
pected signing in Cairo on Wednesday of an 
autonomy accord between Israel and (he Pales- 
tine Liberation Organization. 

Soldiers will no longer be allowed to open 
nre on armed Palestinians at wflB, the sources 
said. 

“They wfl] be able to shoot only after identi- 
fying the type of weapon and the intentions of 
the person bearing arms," said a senior military 
source, quoted in the newspaper Yedioih Ah- 
ronoth. Tf the armed person has no intention 
of shooting and his behavior is not suspicious, 
he cannot be shot” 

Under the autonomy agreement, to be signed 
by Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Isradand 
the PLO chairman, Yasser Arafat, Israel will 
evacuate all military bases in the self-rule areas 
and hand them over to a Palestinian police 
force. 

But Israel will retain responsibility for Jewish 
settlements, external security and foreign rela- 
tions. 

At jrast five major points of disagreement 
re main in the nearly 200-page document, which 
details implementation of the historic agree- 
ment on principles that was signed in Washing- 
ton in September. Mr. Rabin and Mr. Arafat 
were in Cairo on Tuesday to iron out the 
differences. 

Mr. Arafat accused Israeli officials of back- 
tracking on some issues that previously were 
settled, but would not give details. “They are 
procrastinating in order not to implement 
many agreements we reached,” he said. 

However, Gad Ben-Ari, a spokesman for Mr. 
Rabin, said the differences between negotiators 
were 98 percent .settled. He said that what 
remained were “substantial issues but issues 
that can be resolved.’ 


on 


■orei! 


■ vtief officials said they were disepss- 
Tanzanian government ways of 




mg oiui uiv * B“'-“ — - — y— — 

■ trying to collect the grisly debris before it be- 
comes a major health hazard for Tanzania, part 
of which relies on the river for a share of its 
water supply. 

■But, at the moment, everyone seems over- 
whelmed . 

U I don't think many countries nave emen- 

ence with 30 dead bodies an hour coming down 

a river in a remote area in the bush,” said 

See RWANDA, Plage 6 


F or South Africa 9 a Psychological Transformation 

Tk f IT .1 _ . - - . — — — 


By Paul Taylor 

Washington Post Service 
JOHANNESBURG — Last week, a visit- 
ing Boston minister, Charles Stith, asked an 
elderly man on his way to vote if be was 
frightened by the rash of car bombings that 

Uni 4 rvro/vi/livl Crntfli Afriiwi’c liip#/Ynn ■lonfiAn 


had preceded South Africa’s historic election. 
“He said, T 


‘Reverend, if I happen to be 

walking on the wrong side of the road when a 
bomb hits, m just vote from heaven.' " 

*T jotted that down,” recalled Mr. Stith, 
who was here as part of President BQl Qin- 
lon’s official observer mission. “I said to 
myself. That’ll preach.*” 

Far the past half-century, South Africa has 
been the most preadred-at country in the 
world. Now it’s preaching to the world. 

The election returns will not be official for 
days, but South Africa's psychological trans- 
formation is already complete. Overnight, it 
has gone from polecat to poster child — not 
just in the wqda’s applauding eyes, but in its 
own. 

As millio ns literally danced in the streets 
Monday night after Nelson Mandela’s vic- 
tory speech, the cathartic effects of this multi- 
racial election were plain to see. Blacks have 
achieved a measure of dignity; whites have 
shed their burden of guilt. Peace has broken 


out in most of the country’s strifestora vil- 
lages and townships. Crime is down, stocks 
are up. 

South Africa has always had an ouisized 
hold on the world's attention, thanfo to the 
compelling moral outrage of apartheid. 

Foreign aid, now roughly S500 million a 
year, win balloon to $2 billion if the new 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


government chooses to lap the soft loans the 
World Bank is ready to make available. In a 
5100 billion economy, this will take some 
pressure off the new government as it scram- 
bles for funds to build bouses, sewage and 
water systems, electricity lines and tarred 
roads in black areas. 

The country’s reserve bank governor is 
already forecasting that a decade of capita] 
flight — which has seen some $16 billion 
disappear overseas, taking along hundreds of 
thousands of potential jobs — will reverse 
itself. 

These economic dividends are stiD off in 
the medium- term future, and thing s could go 
terribly wrong before then. The largest pot- 
hole ahead is Hie potential for massive mis- 

See VOTE, Page 6 



AiH bradtcs.'Thc Awajlfd Prc. 


_ _ # • ■ in fiwKuira no» 

Hera® Knd, left, former law and order minister and a National Party candidate in the 
western Cape, celebrating his victory Tuesday. The party helped prevent an ANC sweep. 


the new orders, said the forces were under 
instructions to use live bullets only in cases 
*^where a real and obvious danger exists." Israe- 
li forces have been warned to let Palestinians 
celebrate freeiy after the si g nin g 
. But the army intends to block the main roads 
into the West Bank and Gaza Strip to prevent 
Jewish settlers from protesting the accord. 

The new orders were issued as the redeploy- 
ment of Israeli forces speeded up Tuesday and 
equipment was pulled out from bases across the 
Gaza Strip, correspondents and witnesses re- 
ported. 

The Israelis were removing an observation 
point at Jabalia refugee camp, and equipment 
was seen being taken out of several military 
installations in Gaza Gty, as well as from the 
main army base at the Nusseirat refugee camp 
and a border police station in the Burcij area. 

The Israelis are to redeploy to three zones to 

See ISRAEL, Page 6 


Buyers Line Up 
As Kodak Exits 
Health Business 




Sweden 1 


By Steve Coll 

Washington Post Service 


tvasnitq-iu" 

omnf nor M — In a stock trading room above a „ „ 
cobblestone street in Stoc kho lm’s " punching buttons on computerized^ aodcscreenl So onpop- 

SrSEtman sits oo the front Imes of « ^ and .™' Krff??- =* 


of that most resented and controversial aperies, the new 
Swedish yuppie. 

“There are too few young people cormng into the market,” 
Westman lamented while juggling telephones and 


or changing the 


***»«'' 


HJOOISMWK 

das Westman sits op the front 

ished 

system. ., 

A* Sweden slogs out of its deepest recession smcc the 
ia£^£rSnu2v egalitarian country is grappling with a 
Sefi^c^createjote 
SvTwdtae syaon ji can no longer afford. ^ 


Mr, Westman's comments reflect ambivalence about free 
markets in Sweden more than two years after a center-right 
government led by Prime Minister Carl Bildt plunged the 
country into a brave new post-sodalisi world. He promised a 

— ““p - - — — r — : "r~~. rr : — tnmina- welfare state, lower taxes and greater freedom of 

ular is rite flashy, unapologeuc pursuit of wealth in Sweden choice m society and the economy 

tiBfi “ Ddal “ mmmity After decades of building , rained socialist and capitalist 
have become more subduea system-- capitalism without capitalists." as a government 


“They’re not driving Poraches,” he said. “They’re driving 
Saabs." 

His parous are slightly embarrassed that he trades stocks, 
Mr. Westman conceded. 

“Of course^ they’re pleased Fm doing well and earning a 
lot of money” be -said, “but maybe they’d rather I was an 
industrialist.” 


economist, Klas Eki nod, called it — Sweden is attempting to 
introduce new market incentives in its state-dominated 
wdfare-drrven system. Because of its generous across-the- 
board social benefits, that system was a model for Europe 
during the postwar penod and the envy of raanv in the 
industrialized world. No more. It is going broke, and quick- 

ty- 


Yet. many Swedes, while rec ognizin g that some break 
with their past is inevitable, insist that in their pursuit of the 
free markets they do not want the Swedish rich to become 
very much richer or the Swedish poor to become very much 
poorer. The question dividing the country today is whether 
this approach is possible anymore, or desirable. 

“I don’t think Swedes have adjusted vet to the new 
freedoms," said Peter Egardt, Prime Minister Bildt’s chief of 
staff. “We are not used to big differences in income.” He 
added. “Something in our mind says, ‘You shan't stand out 
too much.' " 

Since 1992, Swedish unemployment benefits have been 
cut by more than 10 percent, sick leave has been trimmed, 
health care systems have been revised to include individual 


By Lawrence Malkin 

International Herald Tribune 
NEW YORK — Eastman Kodak Co.’s new 
chief executive, refocusing lire company on its 
traditional strength in imag in g , said Tuesday 
that Kodak would sell the health care business- 
es that bring in a quarter of its annual revenue. 

Two European companies said they were 
interested in acquiring parts of the businesses, 
whose sale will be another step in the sweeping 
reor ganiz ation the health care industry is un- 
dergoing in America and abroad. 

George Fisher, who became Kodak’s chair- 


lare 

drag industry. Page 9. 


the 


See SWEDEN. Page 6 




. % 






ft* 



A Feud in Jaipur Over Palaces and Gems 


. By MoUy Moore 

Washington Post Service 

JAIPUR* India — Once upon a time, not so 
w ago, the families of India’s Raj gathered 
hoe in the courts of pink sandstone palaces for 


James Bond movie — to a 185-carai diamond 
that the Nizam of Hyderabad used as a paper - 
weight, many of the properties and artifacts of 
centuries of Indian history are in the bands of 
judges attempting to arbitrate family feuds. 


p n/fl/Hx y la celebrations. Today, the bickering “They are fighting like dogs in the street." a 

hors to the aristocracy tend to meet mostly in longtime watcher of royalty in Jaipur said of bis 

e t T ■■■ iImv im nuae OtV* S fftTfifiv i^vnQCtv fnmi« t»i nna 


-Andor«.- v J-SJ^ HSSSftS 






i JSSwjfyg; g^Xoswab 
1 axr ’ enon i J fax SSbnJUSff 

I S25’-:3°DT. SpaiP.—* PW 


..~300Dr. 5Pat“.--"*Xb00 Din 

f3SS5ijS»*J5i!£2SiS!; 


co^ts of tow where they- are battling over . city’s family dynasty, formerly 
ortravagantpalaces, jewels and antiques worth, wealthiest and most influentia] of 


bfllions of ddlars. 

the descendants of India’s 565 
i is hardly a family that isn't slug- 


p ppre there IS nanny a izmmy mat on i auK- 

wng itout in court for the spoils of care the most 


ping iium mi ™ — £ : — “ — 

5p2eot eras the^ wtnld hasever known. At stake 
are some of the best-known landmarks and 
xnoet valuable jewels and paintings on the 

. .. . • 

. From the floating white marble Lake. Palace 
at Udaipur— used as the exotic backdrop for a 


city’s family dynasty, formerly one of the 
wealthiest and most influential of India's nobil- 
ity. 

Fa mi li e s are fighting families, siblings are 
duding within families, and governments and 
tax collectors are angling for their shares. In the 
case of the last Maharajah of Jaipur, who had 
three wives, the third wife and her sons are 
challeng i ng the eldest son of the first wife over a 
150-page hst of palaces, jewelry, paintings and 
other royal possessions worth an estimated 
$322 nnmoii. 

At the same tune, the entire family is in- 


volved with the government in a legal tug-of- 
war for palaces and lands valued at hundreds of 
millions of dollars. 

“It s a terrible mess." said Shrce Narayan 
Thanvi. deputy magisirate of Jaipur. 

Family feuds are nothing new to India’s royal 
fanulies. In the past the nobility resorted io 
poisoning, murder and war to settle disputes 
over wives, riches and lands. But, with the 
government paring their vast holdings and the 
value of properties and jewels skyrockcuing, 
today's legal battles arc perhaps the most bitter 
yet Many royal family members and historians 
believe the court clashes will result in the final 
demise of the Raj dynasties, eroding their hold- 
ings as well as the last of their reputations. 

“After another generation, they 11 be as com- 
mon as everybody else." said Mr. Thanvi. “The 

See RAJ, Page 6 


Kiosk 


Dutch to Suggest 
Lubbers for EU 


THE HAGUE {API — The Dutch gov- 
ernment will propose outgoing Prime 
Minister Ruud Lubbers, 54. as a replace- 
men t for the European Union chief execu- 
tive, Jacques Delore, in the next few days. 

After polls closed in parliamentary elec- 
tions Tuesday, the Foreign Minis try said 
Foreign Minister Peter Kooijmans would 
submit Mr. Lubbers’ name to the Europe- 
an Council. 

Related article. Page 2 


Book Review 
Crossword 


Page 5, 
Page 18. 


man in Decemoex afurr the board pushed out 
his predecessor for moving too slowly in reorga- 
nizing and cutting costs, said the company 
would concentrate on “the business Kodak 
knows best," which far more than a century has 
been photography. 

The company’s principal business wflj be 
imaging, whether by chemical, electronic, digi- 
tal ol- the higher technology in which Mr. Fisher 
excelled in his previous post as the chief execu- 
tive of Motorola Inc. Although Kodak is put- 
ting its drug and personal care subsidiaries up 
For sale, it will keep its health sciences division, 
which specializes in X-ray film and electronic 
imagin g for medical diagnosis. 

The three subsidiaries are Starting Winthrop 
which sells prescription dregs and over-th^ 
counter tends such as Bayer aspirin; a diagnos- 
tics division that specializes in chemical blood 
analysis; and L&F Products, which sells person- 
al care and cleaning products such as LwoL 
Together they generate about $3.7 billion, or 
about on^uarter, of Kodak’s annual revenues. 
Wall Street analysts were uncertain how much 
Mr. Fisher could obtain for them to help run 
down Kodak s debt of $7 billion. Of that debt, 
$5.1 button was acquired by the expensive and 
evratuaUy mprpfitaWe takeover of Sterling 
Dreg in 1988. Kodak stock jumped $)J 75 a 
Jare to $46,125 on Tuesday after rising $ 3 J >5 
M 2? da y°a speculation of the divestituro 
ine Kodak announcement was part of a 
Wave Of Consolidation now $wr*nino th* 


De- 


consolidation now sweeping the dnis 

See KODAK, Page 6 


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now. up 
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offices v* 16 
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.venting CTt 
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ctiinnbe ! 


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Mr. Aral m 
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aides. M^ 1 Y 1 
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Page 1 


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Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1994 










t . The Dutch Deliver 
^ Huge Protest Vote 




&0;. 

. m 

... . ..... 

. ' - ■- 

■M ; pSU fBwWimk 

*$'■■: % :i! 

isnilia 


Christian Democrats Reeling 
From Pounding by Populists 


WORLD BRlEFS gf^ Qq. Id 

EU Expansion Vote Seems Assu^a.i 'S ^ , • , R iJp 

STRASBOURG, France (Renfos) - ? % 

looked set to clear tbe way on Wednesday for ^ it- Wlff * * O ± 

European Union to indnde Austira, Norwg^^^Jfl \V | * fcrf \ 

“ITkhiHs no doubt aboat the zesajC Jean^Fieae Cw of ™aoa ; ^ 

. amnn the SncialiKt&j said at a ■fm ^TF*a 1|.1A K 


k v , T£- • - - £ -V; 2£' •’^r. 


Ap».\ Frjntcf^rw<’MiW». JcWjtmi 

Bosnian Serbs fitting air-to-air rockets from a jet fighter to a ground launcher in Brcko, in northern Bosnia, on Tuesday. 


UN Admits Serb Pullout Is 'Unresolved’ 


By Roger Cohen 

yen: York Tima Semcr 

SARAJEVO. Bcsnia-Herzegovina — Ten 
days after Serbian forces were supposed lo have 
complied with a NATO ultimatum to withdraw 
from Gorazde's city center, the top UN official 
in the former Yugoslavia acknowledged Tues- 
day that problems remained over their compli- 
ance. 


“We still have some unresolved questions 
over Gorazde," the United Nations official. 
Yasustai Akashi, said here after meeting with 
Haris Silajdzic, the prime minister of the Mus- 
lim-led Bosnian goveramenL 


Mr. Silajdzic is adamant that Bosnian peace 
ia|lc«i will not resume in earnest until Serbian 
forces are removed from NATO’s ihree-kilome- 
ler "exclusion zone” around Gorazde. 


Over the past week, UN military officials 
have at first denied the presence of (he Serbian 
militia, then said they were no more than a 
handful, then described them as policemen, and 
finally conceded that there were 100 of the 


armed Serbs and that they constituted a prob- 
lem. 

After meeting Mr. Silajdzic. Mr. Akashi went 
to the headquarters of the Bosnian Serbs in Pale 
and said afterward that the Serbs seemed "seri- 
ous" about compliance. He added that be had 
discussed the issue of the presence "of a Serbian 
police element in Gorazde for a transitional 
period." 

However, (here was no indication that the 
conflict bad been resolved and it appeared that 
peace talks with a group of international diplo- 
mats scheduled for Thursday would have scant 
chance of advancing. 

On several occasions over the past 10 days. 
UN military spokesmen. Western officials and 
relief workers have provided widely divergent 
accounts of tbe situation in the beleaguered 
town, which has been sealed to journalists by 
the Serbs who surround it 

For the UN command in Sarajevo, the essen- 
tial aim appears to have been the avoidance of 
NATO air strikes that might endanger its 
16,000 personnel in Bosnia and cause an escala- 
tion of the Bosnian War. 


Thus the situation in Gorazde — skirmishes 
and sniper fire notwithstanding — has been 
characterized by UN military spokesmen as 
having returned more or less to normal. 

The Serbian militia are said lo be protecting 
Serbian civilians who have been brought back 
into the town. Some of them are occupying 
houses that almost certainly belonged to Serbs 
before the war started two years ago. Nev erthe- 
less, the armed Serbs are in violation of the 
exclusion zone. 

The Bosnian government is furious about the 
presence of the militia in the town. 

"The situation in Gorazde demonstrates that 
the UN force here has no credibility, so it hard 
to believe in the international community as 
mediators," Bosnia's vice president. Ejup 
Ganic, said in an interview this week. 

Perhaps more importantly. NATO keeps tell- 
ing the United Nations that its aerial surveil- 
lance shows that Serbian compliance with 
NATO ultimatums, both in Gorazde and Sara- 
jevo, leaves a lot to be desired. A NATO report 
to ibis effect was given to the UN command 
here this week. Western officials said. 


By William DrozdiaJc 

Washington Past Service 

THE HAGUE — Troubled by 

an influx of foreigners, accelerating 
job losses and cuts in cherished 
social welfare programs. Dutch 
voters on Tuesday inflicted the 
worst electoral defeat in this centu- 
ry on the traditional governing 
power, the Christian Democrats. 

liie first nauonai ejections since 
1989 in the Netherlands, long re- 
garded as Western Europe’s most 
tolerant and socially progressive 
country, saw a sharp turn away 
from the mainstream governing 
parties and a breakthrough for rad- 
ical populist parties. 

While the Christian Democrats 
and the Labor Party, the junior 
party in the center-left government, 
suffered setbacks, upstart parties 
representing the extreme right and 
the interests of elderly citizens 
reaped a harvest of protest votes to 
capture a handful of seats in the 
new parliament. 

The results appeared to confirm 
a trend among West European de- 
mocracies. where the worst reces- 
sion in two decades, resentment to- 
ward foreigners and anxiety about 
future social benefits has provoked 
a backlash against governing par- 
ties. 

While pleased to sec his party 
emerge as the country’s biggest po- 
litical force despite its loss or seats, 
the longtime Labor leader. Wtm 
Kok. warned that the rise of the far 
right in the Netherlands was an 
ominous development 

"This is a black page in Dutch 
history.” he said. “We must stop 
this poisonous campaign of haired 
toward foreigners by the right-wing 
extremists in our country. ’ 


crals Reeling 

_ ,, the parii ament’s bigffst groop, the Socialists, wigat* A fldfi 

■ by Populists \ ■» up 

According to final projections ^ ^£517 siting members saying “yes tit separate .vqtes on^^J 

with most votes counted, the low c ^ mtr - es Wednesday. -I-'" - js£^ .-/•■ 1 

score registered by the Christian parliamentary officials said a positive vote on Norway ~ ■&' 

Democrats saw their share, in the &&& to achieve, because many deputies oppose OSo " ; 
150-seat lower house of parliament resmnc taWll , minfce whales in defiance of aniaiernationd ? , P 
plummet to 34 seals tan*** _ 77* .. A r : ^ ' 


garde* 1 ' 


Ris»h t*®* !”\ 


they won five years ago. The Labor CJUmilfe SoDDOftS 
Party looked set to win 37 seats, OUUIUUI C7U|#|JW» 


Party looked set to win 37 seats, owumw ^ 
down from 49. BERLIN (Rente 

Early results showed that the former Chancellor 1 
conservative opposition party, the supporting the Sod 
Liberals, was expected to improve Twdvc years afte 
its share to 31 seats from 22. Tbe 'Tuesday that maps i 
small, leftist D66 party was poised the Christian Dean 
to emerge as the biggest winner, Derision," he conte 
doubling its score and raising its r wnumy better lha 
profile to 24 seats from 12. “Schmidt has bee 

The most startling result of the and this is exc 
election was the strong showing by ] ot of weight in this 


BERLIN (Renters) — For tbe first time since 
rmer Chancellor Helmut Schmidt is returning to.-tbc 


:’vL, 


former Chancellor Helmut scnmwt is remnuug urine pontxai ^ Z - 
supporting the Social Democratic Party he ora* lol brut . 

r*wdve years after leaving office, Mr. Schmidt; 75, ratrodod &^K^ ffiLg- -- 
Tuesday that maps out his ideas on how tbe SoddDemdciats^X^^^W 1 ^;^ 
the Qmstim Democrats in October. In the book,- .. 

Decision," he contends that the Social Democratic ^ " 

Germany better than Helmut Kohl, Ins castwhile nvaUwt ^V-‘= 
“Schmidt has been moving closer” to the Social DemoCTats.^iSel^'®^^ P - r - . 
jears and this is extremely importaruj ortg beca me c. ; 

theparty^ Beriia ^ ^ 


the General Old People’s Party and dw party in Beriia . ~ - : 

a sister party, which came out of *” m • m xrwv\n 

nowhere to capture 7 seat& Tbeir R fjlje SeeS KUSSia 1H M1V 

support was drawn from old-age .. - •*' 

peSSoners alarmed by a proposal WASHINGTON (Reuters) — Defense Minuter YolkwRi&iJ^ a* . r 
by the Christian Democrats to many said Tuesday that he foresaw new 

freeze all pensions for four years, tion featuring a strong and «panded North AtianticTrealy \ 

Tbe far-right patty, the Center that included security participation by Russia. . • -' .t: - : 

Democrats, also registered surpris- "Prosperity and democracy should, not end at GennanYs canaf^, 
ing gams that wffl probably boost borders, nor should NATO and the European Union end it - r 'p~- 

its presence in parliament to 4 seals Riihe said in a speech prepared for delivery at tbe U.& 

from J, Their blatant anti-foreigner at West Point, New York. _ .. / • • • T. - 

crusade shocked many comments- — !J ^ c,««_A*lanMr nntin«)l ^ .^ . 1 : * t - • 

tors but apparently struck a chord 
with tbe voters. 





_ , amalgam of NATO and a Enro-American free trade zona Heptaaptfo: # ' . ,s 

Dutch Police Raid 

23 Foreign Banks Yemeni Feuding Downs Jet Fighij^ 

In Tax Crackdown SANA, Yemen (Reuter) — A southern Yemeni nflitny Ljsiss z._ 

been shot down by rival northern troops stationed in the soud^^fey' .P- . - 

Reuters source in Sank said Tuesday. I d : 

AMSTERDAM — Dutch an- _ The hfiG-21 fighter of the southern f<m» ■ 




Parliament Calls Gonzalez in Corruption Affair 


By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 

Prime Minister Felipe Gonzalez, facing one of the worst 
crises since the Socialists came to power 1 1 years ago, has 
been called to testify before parliament in a corruption 
affair involving the former chief of the Civil Guard, 
parliamentary sources said Tuesday. 

Mr. GonzAlez was summoned to appear before the 
Chamber of Deputies on May 1 1. the sources told Agence 
France-Presse, after a meeting of spokesmen for all parties 
in the chamber. 

Earlier, in an interview in the newspaper El Mundo. 
Luis Rolddn Ibdhez, tbe former Civil Guard leader who is 
wanted on embezzlement charges, alleged thai he was 
being made a scapegoat for corruption in the government 
and the governing Socialist Party. 

Now a fugitive, be threatened to (ell all he knows about 
government corruption if be was brought back for trial in 
Spain. 


The Catalans said that while they were not supporting sources said the elections would give the government an 
the Socialists, they would continue to keep the govern- indication of how badly it has been damaged by a series of 
ment afioaL In exchange; they said they wanted to see high-levd scandals. 

broad change in the government immediately, including 7^ government ditched Mr. Roidin last year after his 
the resignation from Parliament of two former interior conspicuous wealth became a political embarrassment. 
minisiersandafonnereconomyminister.Otherwise.they since then, media investigations have shown how Mr. 
said, they will demand that Mr. GonzAlez step down. RoWin ^ Ws ^ ^ or off j c ia] in the Socialist 

"If 1 go to jafl, Mr. Roldan warned. 1 will not go p^y ^ a springboard to reach one of the most powerful 


Britain's “House of Horror" case. > ; •• • - : • 

Rosemary West, 40, was ordered held in police custddfthcr ^ ‘ 

imimiwI Wrivflv in . fUnr,/v-cti»r mnrt tr\ hf- fnrmnllv 1“®"" ... .. 


Mr. Roldan had previously told a parliamentary com- 
mission that be had a lot of dirt — he used a ruder word — 
in his head about government corruption. 

His disappearance has put Mr. GonzAlez at the mercy of 
support from the 17-member bloc of Catalan nationalist 
deputies. 


Investigating magistrates want to know how Mr. Rol- 
dan parlayed his relatively modest Civil Guard salary into 
a fortune estimated at about $3.7 minion. He failed to turn 
up for court hearings last week, and is believed to be 
abroad, possibly in France or South America. 

After Mr. Roldan failed to appear, the interior minister. 
Antoni Asuncion, offered his resignation. He was sched- 
uled to appear before a commission of the Cories, or 
parliament, to explain how Mr. Roldan managed to evade 
investigators. 

Some political sources said Mr. Gonzalez was under 
mounting pressure to resign, amid speculation that he 
would be succeeded by the deputy prime minister, Nareis 
Serra y Sara. But sources close to Mr. Gonzalez said he 
was determined to stand firm until be knew the results of 
the elections lo the European Parliament on June 12. Tbe 


positions in the land. The magazine Cambio 16 said 
recently that it had failed to find any evidence that Mr. 
Roldan, a taxi driver's son. had any of the academic 
qualifications he claimed as an an engineer and economist. 

He was appointed head of the Civil Guard in 1986 after 
establishing a reputation for toughness as civil governor in 
Aragon Province, where he was a prime target for the 
Basque separatist organization ETA 

He told B Mundo that other government departments 
were guilty of irregularities worse than those linked to the 
Civil Guard. He denied he took commissions or kept 
secret bank accounts in Switzerland. 


tax evasion by residents sending North and South Ycmmtretffi four years ^ faK--ro afcer^ a^ : •" . . 

money abroad to keep it out of the fed bp fold beween Ptradent Ah Abdullah Saleh, a northtta^^d, 

taxman’s grasp. Vice Pnaadent Ah Salem Baid, a southerner. ■ ■ ■ *&%:■ ' 

find’ways to Sod A New TIouse of Horror’ Acca8|^7:i^ : \' u L;T. 

said Andre Warner of the Amsier- GLOUCESTER, England (Reuters) —The wife of the xxxx&aoai 

Frederick W^Twas charged Tuesday with a fouSaga jpt - : 

Britain’s “House of Honot* case. 

f Rosemary West, 40, was ordered held in police -- 

th rwJS?t!n? t ^^ P ^SKf , fAr«0T. briefly in a Gloucester court to be formally dtaraflsnS' fte "• *- 

murder, along with her husband, of Therese SiegeathafciiS^a^d • 

banks without declaring it appears disappeared fo 1974. vS^**r r .. * 

eluded branches of Moroccan. / ■„ :: ' 

Turkish and Spanish banks. ■■ ■■■■■ - — ■■ — ,» > V“ giKjh;" 

The number of foreign -owned rrrn A17T7T TTDn A TT? 

banks in the Netherlands has 1 IVfxV JjJ-4 U X Uil 1 Hi \~-.l ttf, istris;'^- : * * - 

grown to 80 this year from 25 in -i. . ^ • 'itokp-j: . ~ • •: 

1975, boosted by branches opened _ _ „ . T snliirirz:^. 

by Middle and Southeast Asian fuel ohOltafie UISIS fcafieS lH x - ■ 

banks. ” . v;. tinw... . .. 


******* 




to be a popular technique for earn- 
ing interest. Mr. Weimer said. 

He declined to comment on a 


TRAVEL UPDATE 


*T- . 


Mr. Weimer said the investiga- LAGOS (Reuters) — An acute fuel shortage that-tusw^ 
tion was confined to diems anddid transport in Nigma for more Aan two weeks appeared to OKte - 
not cast suspicion on the banks Tuesday, the deadline set by the tmbtaiy aatbonttes for tbe sue al ^^. ‘..7 _ ; 
themselves. There was no link with company to bring the craas to an end. • > {: Sa^~ - ' 

organized money-laundering. A spokesman for Nigenan National Pttiolemn Co. said mm ^ • 

“I cannot tell you how much gasoline stations m the aty now had fad and that he expected*- 
money or many people are involved situation to return to normal quickly. At the height of Ae cnH •>*-■ 

vet," be added. Tuesday, long lines framed at the few stations that had gasohne. A» g - - • 

hour meeting Monday between the government and tbe heads of «. - 

" mimtrv’s oil mnrketina enmnanirs nrmaraitiv resolved various dtStd*’ -I -." : 


i biZri '* 
ibrfazx:: •*.* 
alisli;-*.- - .'; - -': 

'kakprj: .•.-*? 
X--- 


n vrr them 
L^> j»y.^aoCrtt 
r v ' l ?T#'in!S«tfes 


His lawyer. Gonzalo Casado. said Tuesday that he was 
quitting the case. "1 understand that he may be suffering a 
deep depression but I have had no contact with him for a 
week," Mr. Casado said. 




city now had fad and that he expert fe 

money or many people are involved situatioo to return to normal quickly. At the height of the aisiite 
vet," be added. Tuesday, long lines framed at the few stations that had gasoline. A» g **: i - - ' 

hour meeting Monday between the government and the heads of *. 
countiys oil marketing companies apparently resolved various distd* . '} : 

tion problems. lfc T' 4 T- 

ril • A record number of fora^ms risfted CUna last year, boki® s ' ■ 

I; 1 T 1 ( S limes toarism revenue by more than 18 percent to $4.7 banqo,.a;T<»M i-„ . 

Ministry official said Tuesday. More than 4l^ nriIKon touiisft 
u • China in 1993, up nearly 9 percent from 1992. ■ . .:»■ ’ ("**t . 

AT f ifin iflftl Gambfing oucnasesfaqis off Alaska wffl be barred this ~’ r 

time; the measure affects U5. as wefl as vessds flyin gJOh^^^ 1 

Judicial sources said the request Passengers will still be able to gamble Mien their ships tn*« -®wp 
came from prosecutors leading an British Columbian waters on the popular UA-Alaska route ; u -. •- 
anti-comipuon probe that has cut Cathay Pacific Airways cut its TahMa-Hong toglBgldsby ^ ^ 

? uu/s P°ht- fo antidpatioo of lower demand because m Tahran’s ban cgt-gyS hru zl.: , _ . 
ical and business estabhshmenl. ujur t0 China. . 4 [. S N-- 

Mr. Craxi, who headed Italy’s Japanese government offices aad financial ^ 

Sodalisl Party, is being investigat- Constitution Day, a national holiday. They wilt wwt rmtqiwv*! ^ * - *’ 

ed for almost 30 alleged infractions more national holidays - , the Public Holiday and CrnWrea s D ty. jw : t»w ^ 
ranging from falsification of ac- Troubles at the new Denver international import continned as o8a“J ^ ^ 

counts to embezzlement and the delayed the planned opening for a fourth time because of pretokas^J h i.-j 

illegal financing of political parties, computerized baggage system. ' -r c 


Bangladesh Storm Toll at 110 


Reuters 

NAYAPARA, Bangladesh — A 
cydoce that devastated southeast- 
ern Bangladesh has killed at least 
120 people — many oT them refu- 
gees from Burma — and officials 
said the toll may rise further once 
reports from remote areas became 
available. 

More than 5.000 people have 
been injured and at least 500.000 
left homeless. 

"This is a calamity." said Ena- 
mul Kabir. deputy commissioner 
of Cox's Bazar. "Human and prop- 
erty losses, although not as much as 
feared, could still be quite nigh." 

Half of his team, including'jour- 
nalists, abandoned efforts to reach 
Teknaf, one of the »ors'.-hit areas, 
because uprooted trees and electri- 
cal poles blocked the highway. 

Reporters and officials con- 
firmed 120 deaths, neariv 90 of 
them Rohingyas, who are Muslim 
refugees forcibly expelled from 
Burma in recent year*. 

The storm, with an windspeed of 


up to 200 kilometers ( 125 miles) an Officials said besides the Rohin- 


hour. damaged 16 of the 18 camps gyas. nearly 500.000 Bangladeshis 
which housed neariv 200.000 refu- had been made homeless. 


gees, leaving them to sleep in the 
open. 

A camp officiaL Mohammed 
Akramuzzaman. said strong winds 
blew down the tents and shanties 
while heavy rain destroyed food 
and other supplies. 

At least l .000 refugees were in- 
jured, camp officials told reporters. 
Rescue officials estimated some 
4,000 villagers were injured. 


Relief officials said emergency 
food and medical supplies were be- 
ing distributed. 

voI ^‘ cas f ITK,ved nilot of a Tai wnnKe oassen zer 'let lys new government this weekend, 
about 400,000 people to safety on , OI “ j . ^ . pas^n&er J« nn^tn nin o is at a verv ad- 

Monday while thousands more lha* crashed in central Japan last vanced staae^" Mr^Berlusconi said 
moved voluntarily week, a newspaper report said oeriuscom saio. 

moveo voiuniaroy. Tuesday Political commentators said the 

Prime Minister Khalida Zia Wane Lo-chi the dUoi of the P rime minister-designate could in- 
called in the tntli tan' to help relief OmS riSSiita JBommE fonn Prcsident Oscar Luigi Seal- 
operations and sent out ministers ^ ^ ^pjj^ Chuana Meng . faro as early as Monday that he 
to coordinate the efforts. juno wre among 2W people killal would ^ able 10 fonn **« ‘■'ouniry’s 

in the crash April 26. Seven passen- - postwar government 

gers survived the accident u 9 1 ^ l0fT,ar >’ ,n ***!>• .^r. 


Taiwanese pilots Berlusconi Tine-Tunes’ 

In Disaster Show ^ 11 „ sy • 

Traces of Alcohol I alks on J^ew Cabinet 

The ixsoaated prm Reuters Judicial sources said the request 

TOKYO — Investigators have ROME — Silvio Berlusconi said came from prosecutors leading an 


found small percemageTof alcohol ^wday that he expected to con- 
in the Wood of the pilraand the o> f'“ de consultations on forming Ha- 


Taipei Is Firm on China Ban 


to coordinate the efforts. 


would be able to form the country's 
53d postwar government 
As is customary in Italy. Mr. 
Berlusconi “reserved a decision" 


Clinic 

From 


came from prosecutors leading an 
anti-comipuon probe that has cut 
a wide swathe through Italy’s polit- 
ical and business establishment. 


Mr. Craxi, who headed Italy’s 
Sodalisl Party, is being investigat- 
ed for almost 30 alleged infractions 
ranging from falsification of ac- 


3 TsfliHS 

l^C-TGV 

oc ts^t 
- v V r*.ervw 

''.'r.'.rcrtce 
IS BVk‘1 

- - PrtL-drr.: Mi t 
' *«i 5 Sesats h 


lay, a national holiday. They c " * ' ^ 

holidays: the Public Holiday and CmMren s Day. ■, r . _ 

the uew Denver international mvort coDCnued as ? - 




The Mainichi newspaper quoted , “ oe V N ™ 

unnamed transporuLE &ls 


Reuters The arsoa attack occurred on 

TAIPEI — Taiwan stands firmly Qiandao Lake in Zhejiang Prov- 
by its boycott on tour group visits ince. China has charged four men 


£ saying oW? small pe^n^ "P 1 ^ ^ p-f"* for formin S 

alcohol were discovered. It was not 3 , . . . 

Mr. Berlusconi said he would 


clear when the two drank the alco- 


— — - . — “.“/wi uiv puuuiuj upvoung U7i a iuui uj uuic usunw*. r- i . « 

illegal financing of political parties, computerized baggage system. - -r n /■ 

" ^ 

Richard Scarry Dies, Children’s 


to China after a March 3 1 pleasure- in the attack, which also killed 
boat fire killed 24 Taiwanese tour- right mainland ers. in an apparent 


hoi, or whethCT it had any Jir«. up meetings, with labor, busi- 
connection with the fatal accident. “ S Hf* S 


ists there, a senior aovemment offi- attempt to preserve the lucrative 


cia! said Tuesday. 


tourism business from Taiwan. But 


“We hope lo put this incident Taiwan remains skeptical of Chi- 
behind us as soon as possible but jo na's investigation. Taiwanese intel- 


the paper said. 

The report said the amounts of 
alcohol found were far below the 


day and hold another meeting of 
the conservative Freedom Alliance 
over the weekend. 


HJbvuvi ivuuu nwv f m L>ciirw uic > • - ■ • _ , . . « ■ _* ■ 

point at which alcohol is generally h Hc i Mld ,. ,l f ”*. 1,01 deaded 

" i how to distnbuie cabinet seals 


UNIVERSITY DEGREE 

BACHELOR'S ■ MASTER'S • DOCTORATE 
RrWoritUbaniAcadmttEipeilerxv 
TtnugDQmeriertHomBSbKfr 
(3109471-0306 ext 23 
Fac <310)471-6456 


far this is not the case.” said Su Chi. 
deputy chairman of the cabinet's 


licence reports have alleged that 
Chinese soldiers were involved in 


considered to affect perception and u,3 t‘ L U ‘ c r 

behavior. Atom'S, Sfe* of 


By Eric Pace 

ffeu- York Times Service 
Richard Scarry, 74, a best-selling 
author and illustrator of children's 
books, died of a heart attack Satur- 
day at Saanen hospital in Gstaad, 
Switzerland. 


I w exited 4-- 

\i ^5" rj — ■ 


• • to be a sc 

^ q 

r-^.:«L r .M? Cm 
A ■* x Tier pat: 
V" • 5 r-i.io-taJ -xsssr 
*• ‘ : . c.r. Like, at 
V : " Tto. r.zz\ heard 

'-y-'p'.itzcz 

.'rder. siy 


Mainland Affairs Council, which the attack. China has denied these 


formulates policy toward China. allegations. 


alcohol may be stronger at higher 
altitudes. 


which is made up of his Forza Italia 
movement, the federalist Northern 


A local police spokesman said h, Ih ' : “ e ° r - ,lcisl Nolir “’ al 

had insiructions not to comment rtl . “ . 



Fax or lend Miiaed resume for | 


ask the butler... 


on the report because the investiga- 
tion was still under wav An official 


Alliance. 

■ A Move to Ground Craxi 

Prosecutors called Tuesday for 


Mr. Scarry, who was bom in 
Boston and moved to Switzerland 
in 1968. once wrote: “It’s a pre- 
cious thing to be communicating lo 
children, helping them discover the 


wrote and illustrated more than 
250 books over the years. His works 
were translated into dozens of ian- 


S**® 11 ? dren’s books of 


(o a list published 
Ushers Weekly, ite 
tion, excluding foreign^ 
club sales. 

WiddjrcadbcpobW^ 
rlu/t* W D irhfl rfi ScSlfVS I®*" 


> 0 

ot Uw J . 


of the Aircraft Accident Investiga- the seizure of Beuino Craxi s pass- 
uon, Committee at the Transport pon to prevent the former prime 


S t of language and thought. I'm 
ppy to be doing it," 

Mr. Scarry's illustrations are 
noted for being crammed with de- 
tails that toddlers find enthralling, 
especially children learning to talk. 

Ole Risom. a former Golden 
Books and Random House pub- 
lishing executive who worked with 


Pacific Western Univenat 

600 N. Sesutoda S!v-. Ce?L 23 
Loa Angelas, CA MMfl 




Mims try said the nriniitry had yet minister, who is under invesliga- 
lo confinn the report. A China Air- tion for alleged corruption, from 


lines official in Tokyo said the fleeing the country, Agence 
company had noi vet received any Francc-Prewc reported from Mi- 


information from investigator*. 


Ms. Warner said “Richard «r^_i WSraff 

Scarry's Best Word Book Ever.” mSSmSmSSS 
published in 1965 by Golden Scs 

Books, had sold 4 million ramies. 

“The Busy World or Rrchard Pmd Your 
Scany," an animated television se- “Half Ins 

ties, began running on the Show- his son said Mondayr®* ^ 
time cable channel and in Canada educational booCvO*"^ 
early this year. tional books ahrays 

Richard McOure Scarry was across whatewfl' 
boro in J919. studied at tbe Boston matian tbwbave to % 

Museum School from 1939 to 1942, mg and H^ttiHartea way. 






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Well- Heeled America Heads for the Well- Protected Hills 



By Diana Jean Schemo 

New York Times Service 


BRANCHBURG, New Jersey — It was 

in Hi 


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1 : -x : .dinton said the next 

” ™-Berirand Aristide. 

S?* **? no1 work, he said, 
"wag <mt any optical ■ 
-,’^wpresident said that the ndK- 

my lea ders of Haiti were kitting 

• ' cmHans and that the 

• : and.the rest of the 

woral were outraged. 

. v'Aololowicdgmg shortcomings erf 

LESS < »S i ti. 1 th7prS ai t 

- ^R*- “Wcve toed other initiatives 
-Ygndttey have not woiied. We have 
;.v W“® ur .to wo* through this 
■ -jm ihe things we have done have 
f iiol TOited, so we are now doing 
1® /??*°“® ! e 8 imc a* recom- 
President Aristide and 
. -*v. was referring to the 
United Nations-mandated 
(Reuters, AFP) 


Former President George Bush 
said it was time for a significant 
shift in VS. policy toward Haiti, 
“eluding abandoning support for 
Father Aristide, Reuters reported 
trom Houston, quoting a repot in 
the Houston Chronicle. 

Mr. Bush told the newspaper 
that it would be “a tremendous 
mistake; 1 to use U.S. ground forces 
m Haiti and that such an option 
should be ruled out. 

“Aristide has proved to be total- 
ly unable to help facilitate ids own 
return,” he said. “He has been un- 
willing to co mp ro m ise and in at- 
taching # President Qin ton’s — 
aes, he is attadking those who 
been trying hard to help him.' 


the hot-air balloon race in Hunterdon 
County that lured Bill Savage to suburbia’s 
new frontier. 

He had come to see odors lift md sweep 
across the sky, and found in the horse 
farms and open Helds the suburban dream 
be had lost at home in Morris County. 
There, narrow paths were bring widened 
for a new shopping mall, and congestion 
had brought urban-sized traffic jams to his 
door. 

So a few years ago, children grown and 
marriage coded, Mr. Savage moved to So- 
ciety Hill at Branchburg, a self-contained 
townhouse development rising by a recent- 
ly extended highway. Scholars say that 
Society Hill, spread over 30 acres (12 hect- 
ares) and home to about 500 people, repre- 
sents the next generation rtf American sub- 
urbs. 

But critics say these enclaves, which fre- 
quently offer private security, street clean- 
ing and other traditionally public services, 
insulate residents from the concerns of the 
wider community. They have been called a 
retreat from democracy, with homeowner 
boards ejected on a system of one house, 
one vote (rather than one person, one vote), 
giving more power to the wealthy while 


imposing far more restrictions on resi- 
dents’ behavior than any government 
could. 

The debate promises to touch more and 
more lives. In 1970, according to the Com- 
munity Associations Institute, 10,000 com- 
munity associations existed. By 1975 the 
number had doubled. By 1990 there were 
130,000 associations housing 32 million 
Americans in arrangements as varied as co- 
op apartment buildings, condominiums 
and walled neighborhoods of free-standing 
houses. 

All these arrangements share a reliance 
on homeowner boards to provide services 
and govern residents. By 2000, the institute 
projects, the associations wfl] number 
225.000. 

Defenders of these burgeoning commu- 
nities argue that no one is forced to live in 
them or to accept their range of restrictions 
on such personal choices as what color they 
may paint their windows, what they may 
plant in their gardens, or who may live in 
their house. 

Others point out that these develop- 
ments are coming to represent an increas- 
ing share of the affordable- housing market. 

In an age of shrinking public resources, 
developments like Society Hill bare be- 
come a popular way for localities to ex- 
pand their tax base at minimal public out- 


lay, at least initially. As older suburbs 
increasingly face the congestion, crime and 
other troubles of urban America, the new, 
insular enclaves represent an updated ver- 
sion of the middle-class flight from cities. 

“In many ways, this form of ownership 
is a modern-day Levittown, or Levittown 
revisited,” said Benjamin Lambert, a law- 
yer who is the former president of the 
Community Association Institute’s New 
Jersey chapter, which represents the devel- 
opments. What you're really getting is the 
ability to live in a less congested, safer, 
rural type of area that’s stiB convenient to a 
major urban population center.” 

Exploiting sites along highways far from 
central cities — or even from other suburbs 

— developers build their own infrastruc- 
tures and provide many services, such as 
garbage collection and snow plowing, that 
municipalities customarily assure. 

And because residents share swimming 
pools and golf courses, the developments 
open regions like this one — where tradi- 
tional private houses cost £300,000 or more 

— to the middle class at less than half that 


are more amenable to zoning variances for 
community associations to build. They add 
to the tax base at minminm expense.” 

Developments like Society Hill are an 
answer to urban encroachment and to the 
fiscal demands forcing local governments 
to cut back the services that distinguished 
suburbs from cities. As more rtf America 
moves to suburbia, the walls, both physical 
and invisible, are going op. 

Gerald Frog, a professor specializing in 
local government at Harvard Law School, 


notes that people hare sought to escape 
congestion ana crime in two ways: “the 


price. 

“Community associations are 
over more of the functions of munidi 
governments.” said Debra Dulina Bass, a 
spokeswoman for the Community Associa- 
tion Institute. ‘That’s why governments 


city-suburb border and the public-private 
border, whether by a private community, a 
private school or malL” The developments 
combine the two, he says. 

“It's the same impulse that drove people 
to the suburbs that now drives them to 
create walled communities,” he said. “It 
does exponentially increase your ability to 
feel that your life is no longer connected to 
the larger society as a whole. It is a double 
move in this way from the larger society." 

Many developments are truly private 
realms. With names like The Mews and 
Foot Run, they blossom behind walls pro- 
tected by guardhouses and hired security 
services. Their streets are not for strangers. 
Their parks and pools are restricted to 
residents and guests. 


Their greatest growth is in places like 
Branchburg, once- rural regions made ac- 
cessible by interstate highways. For the 
most part, the migration to these places has 
been heavily white, said George Sternlieb. 
the recently retired director of the Center 
for Urban Policy and Research at Rutgers 
University and author of the 1990 book 
“The Future of Suburbia." . 

At Society Hill, a group of residents 
appeared surprised when a stranger re- 
marked on the absence of blacks among 
them. 

“1 never noticed it until you asked,” said 
David DeLuca, treasurer of the homeown- 
ers' association. 

Douglas M. Klerne, a former researcher 
for the Community Associations Institute, 
said that while older planned communities 
were built with a more expansive mental- 
ity, often including subsidized housing for 
low-income people, newer developments 
are for the better-heeled. 

“They're more likely now to have tbe 
guard at the gate, the golf course inside,” 
Mr. Klerne said. “It’s the announcement: 
Tve made it. I've got it. I'm going to keep it 
and nobody's going to take it away from 
me.' And the message, whether it's inten- 
tional or not, is. Tm abandoning my re- 
sponsibility for the city and Ihe rest of 
society.' " 


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. Daniel Williams of The Washing- 
; M Port reported from Washington: 
■ '.'■Tire C lin ton administration is 
’ couriering sending military train- 
era to Haiti who would be armed 
wtfl enough to defend themselves 
attack by supporters of the 
,-a— . , nalers there, according to 
US. officials. 

• Tbe officials mark* it dear, how- 
ever, that the United Stales was 
still counting primarily on tougher 
economic sanctions to bring about 
change in Haiti. Tbe UNScxazrity 
Council is expected to take steps 
(his week toward a total commer- 
cial embargo on Haiti. 

Further U.S. moves regarding 
H ai t i, including military ones, 
would not come into play unt3 the 
effects of any new sanctions be- 
came dear, the officials said. 

- Word that a mztitary optical was 
ag M under considerat ion g one as 

to^Haiti.'^LawrQree leSlo,!* 
sailed tbe administration for 
1‘veafc-kneed" decisions on Haiti. 
He said these had cost Washington 
credibility with tbe Haitian mfli- 
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wifi tire entoa president it is bybg 


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POLITICAL TOTES 


Mr. Presidents Have You Got a Lawyer? 


.- • , . ts 

""‘w 1 iii ' . ii 

Semi AppWhitc. The Awuaiol Ptin* 

JUST THE FACTS — David A. Kessler, commissioner of tbe Food and Drug Administration, 
displaying n u triti on labels that manufacturers must use beginning Sunday. Tbe aim is not just to 
give tafonnatfon about fat content, bat also a sense of a particular food’s impact on the diet. 


WASHINGTON — President Bill Clinton is exploring whether to 
hire a prominent Washington lawyer 10 represent him if he is sued by 
a woman who has accused him of making an unwanted sexual 
advance in 1991, White House officials said. 

The officials said that Lloyd N. Cutler, the White House counsel, 
had held preliminary conversations with Robert S. Bennett, who has 
represented many well-known Washington figures. Mr. Bennett rep- 
resents Harold M. I ekes, a deputy White House chief of staff, who is 
among several aides to Mr. Clinton who have been subpoenaed by tire 
special prosecutor in the Whitewater matter. 

“I've nad some conversations with Bob about the possibility,” Mr. 
Cutler said. “Nothing's been finalized. If there's a lawsuit, a lawsuit 
would have to be defended. He would be a private counsel for that 
purpose.” 

Joel 1. Klein, the deputy White House counsel said the White 
House had beard reports that the woman, Paula C. Jones, might be 
preparing to file suit in several days. Ms. Jones appeared at a news 
conference in Washington in February, arranged by two Arkansas 
state troopers who had made accusations about Mr. Clinton's private 
life, and by Cliff Jackson, a former Oxford classmate of Mr. Clinton's 
who had spent several years trying turn up embarrassing information 
about the president's past. 

At tire news conference Ms. Jones said that Mr. Clinton made a 
sexual advance to her in a hotel room during a conference in 1991, 
when he was governor of Arkansas and she was an office assistant for 
the Arkansas Industrial Development Commission. Ms. Jones said 
she rejected the overture, which she declined to describe. 

At the time, the White House communications director. Mark D. 
Gearan. said: “It is not true. He does not recall meeting her. He was 
never alone in a hotel with her" (NYT) 


The report by the General Accounting Office, a nonpartisan 
investigative arm of Congress, goes significantly beyond a White 
House review last July of the dismissal of all seven employees of the 
travel office on May 19. The new account depicts Mrs. 'Clinton as 
playing a more active role in the dismissals after the White House 
accused the workers of mismanagement. 

Five of the travel office employees were ultimately restored to 


government jobs; the remaining two retired. Since then, the Justice 
Department has been investigating the dismissals for possible crimi- 
nal wrongdoing. (NYT) 


(NTT) 


Dote Courts the Republicans 1 Democrat 


WASHINGTON — Senator Bob Dole joked in a recent speech that 
if Senator Richard C. Shelby defected to the Republican Party and 
Republicans then won control of the Senate this year. Mr. Shelbv 
could replace him as the party leader. 


Duld replace him as the party leader. 

“Boy, you’d be a great leader, Rick,” Mr. Dole said, adding that he 
would give the Alabama Democrat “anything he wants” to switch 
parties. 

Mr. Dole, of Kansas, would sooner campaign for an East Coast 
Democrat than step aside as Republican leader. But he is serious 
about courting Mr. Shelby, who has long been the most obvious 
Senate prospect for defection. 

The idea of his switching parties has taken on more currency in 
recent days because Mr. Shelby now has an incentive: the possibility 
of Republicans gaining the seven seats they need to control the 
Senate. If be was tbe one to tip tbe balance, Mr. Shelby would become 
an instant Republican hero. In that case, Mr. Dole might have to 
make good on his “anything be wants" pledge. ~ (NYT) 


Quote /Unquote 


Mrs. Clinton Wanted ‘Our People’ In Job 


WASHINGTON — A senior White House official said Hillary 
Rodham Clinton urged him last year to replace members of tbe travel 
office with “our people." congressional investigators reported. 


President dinton, speaking in favor a bill to ban the sale of 19 
kinds of assault rifles: “To hide behind the rights of sports people to 
justify the kind of unconscionable behavior that takes place every 
single day on the streets of this country is an unforgivable abuse of our 
common right to be hunters.” (APj 


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critical letter Secretary of 
Warren MrQiriwopherlaat^fcek 
in which he warned thaithe United 
States was heading for military ac- 
tion in Haiti. ' " r " 

“I wanted to express ary grave 
concern that we are h eading down 
a path toward unilateral military 
iotervention in Haiti,” he wrote in 
the letter dated April 28, several 
drafter he was removed from his 
job as special envoy. That would 

boa grave mistake.; WASHINGTON — A battle 

^We haw abandoned tire naotit long fought behind dored doors 
a tmg track,” he added- “We haw erupted into the open Tuesday as 
*■' taken on full responsi- congressional overseas of the Cen- 
s ftimre." - • * * — •- 


Clinton Blocks FBI 
From QA Oversight of sheikh’s Aide 


In a Rare Move , 
FBI Raids Home 


Suicide Risk in Caning, U.S. Doctor Warns 


By Tim Weiner 

New York Tbtm Service 

WASHINGTON — ■ A battle 




baity far 
Administration officials say they 
hope to revive “robustly* a UN- 


fought 

jverthe 


WfcwH mission to Haiti that was 
aborted last October. A US. Navy 
drip carrying more than 2X) Aukt- 


tral Intelligence Agency 
with the agency’s director over 1 
future of American intelligence, 
and President Bill Clinton sought 
to block a Senate NS to give the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation 


frpt. ’’ . 1 ; 


Jot and Canadian troops an a UN powers over the GA. 

to train Haitian polic emen in the opening round of what 


agents working for the United 
States, wean undetected for nine 
years. 

The Senate intelligence commit- 
tee’s leaders, Dennis DeGondni, 
Democrat of Arizona, and John W. 
Warner, Republican of Virginia, 
called the director of central intdli- 
R. James Woolscy Jr.; the 
director, Louis Freeh, and 
Deputy Attorney General Jamie S. 
Goraick before them to discuss the 
relative merits of the executive or- 
der and the proposed law. In the 


New York Tima Service 

NEW YORK — FBI agents 
searched the New Jt 




end, they agreed to 
[r. Warner warned 


g uar an t ee the foreign troops 
ty. ' B 

Recent critical comments by Far 
ther Aristide on Mir, CHntons , pohr 
qr of repafliitaigHaitian retagW^ 






Anthony Lake, at the 1 
government board managing oemn- 
terinteffigeoee. . .. 

The order* aimed Tuesday 
morning minutes' before a Senate 
hearing on the subject, was aimed 
at blocking legislation to rive tbe 
FBI overall, responsibility Tor 


■Jr. . 
■* *- ; 
sra - ? 

■ 


law was _ 
members "of 
mitteeon 
The rd 


by the ranking 
Senate Select Cam- 


V 

V* 


- v r 


of the exiled 

tbm leader, prompted Mr. Clinton 

FBToveriUi. responsroimy^ror 
i " a remor administration offi- catching fotms^a^wjpect- 
• ^saicL^fSt mams, simply, the «1 traitors uffii&CIA.The^aew 
priHtaiy out and ^stWe in. 

toiag the UN mission to re- 
store democracy in Ham by J^mg 
SSm of foreign vanes* wrid»| 

Sagreement.withFraw^nnd 

^ cXurtrieT mvrfv^ 

original effort to t end 

It mghtaUo^? 

military commitment, 

from the United ^ ^ ^ w f OT Moscow. 


Mr. Warner warned Mr. Wool- 
scy that a “battle royal” and a “fir- 
estorm” were craning in Congress 
over the costs and capabilities of 
American inteQigence. 

He predicted that a hill to do 
away with the CIA, sponsored by 
Senator Daniel Patrick Moymhan, 
Democrat of New York, would re- 
ceive “not one, not two, but many" 
votes if it came to the floor. 

An angry exchange ensued as 
Mir. DeConcmi and Mr. Woolsey 


cued tne New jersey home of 
one of Sheikh Omar Abdel Rah- 
man’s legal assistants and seized 
copies of the Egyptian cleric's writ- 
ings, tapes of his sermons and other 
materials, prosecutors said. 

Federal prosecutors, who are 
preparing for the sheikh's trial this 
fall on charges of involvement in a 
terrorist conspiracy, said in an affi- 
davit that the search on Monday 
was necessary to collect some of 
Sh eikh Abdel Rahman’s highly 
charged pronouncements, which 
they believe may shed light an the 


By Michael Richardson 

Ituemalifnujf Herald Tnbntcc 

SINGAPORE — The Singapore 
government has been cautioned by 
a U.S. psychiatrist that if it carries 


out a car.inj, sentence against Mi- 


lut defense lawyers condemned 
the search of the home of the para- 
legal Mohammed Nabeel Btnasry, 
as an invasion of the confidential 
relationship between lawyers and 
clients. The lawyers and Mr. D- 
masry said the agents examined 
documents detailing the defense 
strategy for tbe sheikh’s triaL 


Searches of lawyers’ or parale- 
relaf 


argued over the proper way to solve 
is exposed by the , 


: Ames 


between the 


FBI and the CIA, a source of ten- 
sion far decades, has become a 
lightning rod for critics of the intd- 

since the arrest of 

Ames, the intdB* 


^ ■ iSriwrimof thefor- ed guilty to spymg forMoscow. 
NomflA ^ fin- m tarayal of CIA secrets, 

winch-investigators say led to the 





HipS ' 




Away From Politic* 


in the first trial 
'Dr.JackKevoritianc 


wto "* 

Miie»ts end tS* & uffiDS • poBcaMriuringai^^ 

resumed executions m m 

JSrSii 761 ^ to death fey tw teenage prismNew 



^S"Tbe gWs had The victim, from ox Rentdn^ 

helicopter trAmmg coor«. 


Alabama- fort he 19SfE»«m 

** pgy 1 itfous of t^TfieVanker’s captain in 

oroned ID and - 


suing.^^^^Tby 

inpunitive.damag®. 


damages and ■ 


i connection 


wi 


Alaska. .... .. .. 

^hespittB lthcW ^ . Mhao. 


the problems exposed by 
case. 

Mr. Woolscy said the Sena tots’ 
legislation “is ba<fiy drafted and is 
unwise.” He said it would establish 
“an overseas rivalry between the 
FBI and the GA that now, on the 
whole, does not east and existed 
back kthelate'4feand early ’50s.” 

He was referring to the earliest 
days of the CIA, when the agency 
ana the bureau’s longtime director, 
J. Edgar Hoover, first battled for 
dominance in the shadow world of 
catching Soviet spies. 

Mr. DeCrtnrim became angry at 
the intelligence director’s criticism, 
catting it a “wild* statement “that 
does nothing constructive.” The 
senator called the Ames case “a 
disgrace," and said “the American 
public is losing confidence ' in our 
intelligence.” 


gals’ offices are relatively rare and 
usually sought only when the gov- 
ernment believes the lawyer or 
paralegal is holding evidence of a 
criminal act 

Justice Department policy re- 
quires special procedures be used 
in such cases to protect lawyer- 
efieot privilege and ensure that 
prosecutors do not improperly 
learn of defense strategies. A fail- 
ure to use adequate safeguards 
could lead a judge to throw out 
evidence at trial, legal experts said. 


chad Fay there is a "grave risk" 
that the American teenager will 
commit suicide. 

Tbe specialist. Russell A. Bark- 
ley, professor of psychiatry and 
neurology at the University of 
Massachusetts Medical Center, 
also warned that caning Mr. Fay. 
18, would “result in permanent and 
irreparable physical and mental 
harm 10 him," severely impairing 
his ability to function satisfactorily 
in adult society. 

The warning is contained in a 1 3- 
page opinion given by Dr. Barkley, 
it formed a key part of a petition 
for clemency for Mr. Fay that was 
handed to President Ong Teng 
Cheong of Singapore last month. A 
copy of Dr. Berkley's opinion was 
made available Tuesday to the In- 
ternational Herald Tribune. 

Mr. Fay was sentenced earlier 
(bis year to six strokes of a rattan 
cane and four months in jail on 
vandalism and other charges that 
included spray-painting cars and 
retaining stoie'n property. The of- 
fenses took place last year. 

The American is in prison. Only 
a favorable decision by Mr. Ong. 
acting on the advice of the Singa- 
pore government, could spare him 
the caning, which is extremely 
painful and leaves scars. 

President Bill Clinton has re- 
quested clemency for Mr. Fay. say- 
ing that caning would be an exces- 
sive punishment. 


In reviewing medical reports of 
Mr. Fay^s mental health. Dr. Baric- 
ley said it was his “considered pro- 
fessional opinion” that the teen- 
ager suffered from Attention 
Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, a 
neurological condition character- 
ized by poor concentration and ex- 
cessive restlessness. 

He said that when not properly 
treated, the disorder caused “a seri- 
ously diminished capacity for self- 
control.” 

Dr. Barkley is the author of five 
textbooks related to the disorder. 

He warned that if in “the remote 
case" that caning did not result in a 
successful suidde attempt by Mr. 
Fay, “it is highly probable that it 
will create a post-traumatic stress 
disorder that will preclude his abili- 
ty to return and effectively pursue 
his educational studies as well as 
eventual adult employment” 

Singapore's criminal code says 
that a prisoner who is “medically 
unfit” will not be caned. 


the clemency, you place us in a 
position that is almost impossible 
for us,” he said. “Any concession 
looks to our people and to the 
world as knuckling under to the 
US bully." 

But he added, if a Singapore 
prison doctor could certify that 
caning might permanently affect 
Mr. Fay’s mental stability, “I am 
assured the government would ad- 
just tbe sentence." 

Dr. Barkley said that in reaching 
his medical conclusions, he had in- 
terviewed Mr. Fay by telephone on 
March 28 and spoken to his stepfa- 
ther, who has known tbe teenager 
for more than nine years. 

Attention deficit hyperactive 
disorder is thought to be inherited 
in most cases but also can be 


understood by the Singapore au- 
thorities when they made their de- 
cision. 


In the submission to President 
Ong, Dr. Barkley said that the most 
appropriate penalty for Mr. Fay 
would be performance of commu- 
nity service and required participa- 
tion in a psychiatric treatment pro- 
gram specifically designed for his 
disorder. 


Egypt Hang s 5 Muslims 

For Attack on Minister 


caused by trauma before, during or 
r after birth. 


In October, Yong Puna How, 
ruled that 


Singapore's chief justice, 
a 19-year-old Singaporean sen- 
tenced to be jailed and caned for 
molesting a woman in an elevator 
would be spared the caning after a 
senior prison doctor said the youth 
was “not in a fit state of health” to 
undergo the punishment. Some 
lawyers believe a similar conces- 
sion could be granted to Mr. Fay. 

In an interview with Newsday, 


shortly i 

In a telephone interview from 
Massachusetts, Dr. Barkley said 
that he was not trying to get Mr. 
Fay “off the hook" but was con- 
cerned that the full implications of 
tbe teenager’s disorder should be 


Reuters 

CAIRO — Egypt hanged five 
Muslim militants here Tuesday for 
trying to kill Prime Minister Atef 
Sedki in November, security 
sources said. 


Mr. Sedki narrowly escaped 
death when militants blew up a car 
as his motorcade was passing. A 
schoolgirl was killed and 18 people 
were wounded. 


David Marshall a senior lawyer 
)assaaor 


and former Singapore ambi 
to France, said that American pres- 
sure had backed the Singapore gov- 
ernment Into a comer. 

“Even if we would like to gram 



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Page 4 




INTERNATIONAL 



Pl'BLISHtn WITH THF NfcW YORK T1MHS \M> THt WASHINGTON WWT 


United Nations in Shame 


Even in a century inured to carnage, the 
killings in Rwanda evoke a special horror. 
Machetes are the common weapon in massa- 
cres that began with the April 6 death of the 
Rwandan president in a still mysterious air 
crash. The killings are selective: highest on 
the target list are Rwandans known to he 
educated or to favor human rights: posses- 
sion of eyeglasses can be fatal. Thus to ram- 
paging gangs of ethnic butchers who hove 
claimed as many as 250.000 lives, a diploma 
is a death certificate. 

Compounding the horror is the throat of 
pestilence and famine in Kigali, the Rwandan 
capital as mutilated bodies clog the Kagera 
River, flowing into neighboring Tanzania at 
the rale or 25 bodies every hour. 

The United Nations looks on. stunned. The 
Security Council struggles to explain its unan- 
imous vote to cut back to 270 rather than 
increase the UN peacekeeping force originally 
sent to Rwanda as cease-fire monitors. And 
Secretary-General Butros Butrcs Gfcaii ap- 
peals to African heads of state to send troops 
for a new all-African peacekeeping operation. 

But the bitter truth is that the Security 
Council has no arrows in its quiver, and that 
in these matters the "international communi- 
ty'' is a nebulous phantom. Ending these mas- 
sacres is beyond the capacity of lightly armed 
peacekeepers. No UN member is volunteering 
to said combat troops. The United Nations 
cannot dispatch a rapid-deployment peace- 
making force because no such unit exists. 


Groping for a stronger response, the Clin- 
ton administration is weighing the offer of 
logistic support for military intervention by 
neighboring African countries, and emergen- 
cy humanitarian aid to the estimated 250,000 
refugees who have fled to Tanzania. 

A vital political corollary is that Washing- 
ton should extend no recognition to Rwanda's 
acting military regime, composed of hard-line 
majority Hutus who are the presumed authors 
of the worst atrocities in Kigali. 

President Bill Clinton could further miti- 
gate this human rights disaster by opening an 
overdue discussion on peacekeeping. When he 
spoke to the General Assembly last October, 
he correctly said that the United Nations 
must know “when to say ‘no’ " to military 
intervention. But as the "former LIN peace- 
keeping chief Brian Urquhan has added, what 
happens more often is that Washington and 
the world confusingly say “yes" and “no” in 
the same resolution. Worse. UN members, 
most notably the United States, lag ignomini- 
ously in paying for peacekeeping operations 
that they have authorized. 

The disasters of Somalia showed all too 
graphically the problems of responding to 
horrific television images with ad hoc forces 
under multinational command carrying out 
an ill-defined mission. Now the horrors of 
Rwanda underscore the continuing need for 
finding some better mechanism for saving 
lives when anarchy threatens. 

— THE HEW YORK TIMES. 


Lead AM South Africans 


“Next Tuesday I shall lay down my respon- 
sibilities as state president," said Frederik W. 
de Klerk at a news conference on Monday, 
With his concession speech and announce- 
ment that he would be handing over the presi- 
dency to Nelson Mandela, South Africa’* tor- 
tuous transition from apartheid to democracy 
finally and mercifully comes to an end. “ After 
so many centuries, we will finally have a 
government which represents all South Afri- 
cans. All South Africans are now free." said 
the outgoing president. It was an extraordi- 
nary moment in the country's history. 

The final vole tally from last week's unpre- 
cedented all-race elections is not in. Inexperi- 
ence with handling universal franchise ejec- 
tions. unexpected logistical problems, even 
instances of possible voter fraud may be con- 
tributing factors to the drag in the vote count. 
Enough is known about the likely results, 
however, to expect that the transfer of power 
from minority rale to the black majority will 
come about on terms that most South .Afri- 
cans and Ihe international community can 
accept. The victory represents a brilliant suc- 
cess for South Africans across the political 
spectrum who set aside their own factional 


interests and withstood acts of violence and 
intimidation to mak e their country's first mul- 
tiracial election a reality. 

But the victory is also a personal triumph 
for the African National Congress president. 
Nelson Mandela. After Irving through the 
brutality of apartheid and losing 27 years of 
his life in prison, Mr. Mandela chose reconcil- 
iation and the uncertainties of the political 
process over bitterness and violence as the 
best way to liberate his country. On Monday 
he (old an audience: “I am your servant. I 
don't come as your leader ... I stand before 
you humble at your courage with my heart full 
erf love for all or you.” On Friday, when South 
Africa's new 400-scat multiparty Parliament 
sits for the first time. Mr. Mandela is expected 
to be voted into his country's highest office. 

As the old order passes away, the new leader- 
ship indicates that it wants a broadly based 
government of national uni ty. possibly includ- 
ing in the cabinet some parties which per- 
formed poorly at the polls. That would be a 
generous gesture and a wise move toward shap- 
ing an inclusive government that will lead, for 
the first lime, a free, democratic South Africa. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


ons 


AK-47s, Uzis and Street Sweepers are made 
with one purpose: to kill human beings quick- 
ly and efficiently. They are noL sporting weap- 
ons: they have no legitimate civilian purpose. 
The U.S. Senate has already voted to ban 
these guns, along with a list of other semiauto- 
matic weapons and detachable magazines that 
can hold more than 10 rounds of ammunition. 
The ban would not apply to guns now legally 
owned, although it would require the filing of 
a federal form for such guns to be transferred. 
The Senate's assault weapons ban was passed 
as part of the crime bill, it was chopped off the 
House version. Now it is before the House as a 
freestanding bill, sponsored by Representative 
Charles Schumer. Democrat of New York. 

The kinds of weapons described in this 
legislation are the most deadly guns legally 
available in most places in .America. They are 
the weapons of choice of mass murderers and 
urban gangs. Their ability to deliver several 
rounds per second makes them ideal for drive- 
by shootings and the horrific massacres that 
have taken place in restaurants, workplaces 
and playgrounds around ihe country. 

Opponents of this legislation point out that 
when these guns are used to commit crimes, 
they are often illegal guns: therefore to ban 
them would make no difference. But some 
homble mass murders have been committed 
with legal assault weapons. .And most of the 
illegal guns on American city streets v.-ere 
legally manufactured. IF this bill passes, the 
deadliest ones will be manufactured no more. 

Passage of the bill i> far from certain. The 
House leadership -.-cems determined to brine 
it to a vote this week, and iu. vupporiers 
believe that it is still if to 10 votes sh\ of 
passage. There have been two heartening 
switches in recent days. The most important 
was that of Representative Henry Hyde. Re- 
publican of Illinois, w ho voted against such a 
ban in 1991 but who supported this’ version 
m the Judiciary Committee. Representative 
Susan Molinan. Republican of New York, 
who until a few days ago opposed ihe mea- 
sure. has now chanced her mind. 

But there are still representatives from the 
New York area who plan to vote against the 
bill. Among them are Hamilton Fish. James 
Walsh. Bill Paxon and Gerald Solomon, al! of 
New York, and Dean Gallo of New Jersey. 
Mr. Fish voted against the bill in the Judiciary 


Committee. His opposition is hard to under- 
stand. He represents much erf Westchester 
County: many of his constituents work in New 
York City. Does he not want to see the Tech-9s 
and Street Sweepers off New York streets? 

Other representatives who are undecided or 
have not publicly committed to support the 
bill are Benjamin Gilman. Sherwood Boeh- 
lert, Maurice Hinchey. Jack Quinn. John Mc- 
Hugh and Amo Houghton from New York, 
and James Saxton and Dick Zimmer from 
New Jersey. They need a call from their con- 
stituents urging a vote for the bill. 

It is a relief to see President Bill Clinton 
talcing Ihe initiative to support this measure: 
his lobbying on its behalf in recent days has 
not been matched since the days of NAFTA. 
New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani has also 
added his support Many of the members of 
Congress Listed have already had the guts to 
stand up to the gun lobby by voting for the 
Brady Law. They now need to assess whether 
they want to stand against the president, en- 
lightened hunters, almost every police organi- 
zation in the country, the mayor of the na- 
tion's biggest city and most of his fellow 
mavors — out of fear of the well-organized 
fanaticism of the National Rifle Association. 


— THE NEW YORK TIMES. 


Other Comment 


Who Will Police the World? 


U.S. ability to court deaths of troops to 
pursue an objective not dearly associated with 
vital national interest has been seriously deni- 
ed. The United States feels it cannot be the 
world's policeman. That being so. [it] should 

welcome an institutionalization of the role erf 

NATO in the service of the UN. while broaden- 
ing it. The first requirement is to bring in 
Russia as an equal partner. It win be necessarv 
to include Japan and China in some form. 

Still, much of the responsibility Tor finding 
new- sotu lions rests on" the shoulders of the 
United States. The Bosnia tragedy has shown 
that the alternative to a rational and coherent 
new policy is chaos, suffering and ad hoc 
responses that fail to work. 

— 5 . Sind Singh, commenting in 
the Kkaleej Times { Dubai i. 



International Herald Tribune 
ESTABLISHED I&S7 

KATHARINE GR.AH.AM_. ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 

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• WALTER WELLS. \m-. Edrr • SAMVEL AST. KATHERINE KNORRand 

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• RENE BCNDY. Der-Jy Publisher • JAMES Md-EOD. Advcrdd^ DAatr } 

■JUANITA L CASPAR! kxmzicKd brvtevnesDmGcrm ROBERT FARR?* CbnA^riamr^r J 

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Z3i.T3fw.Aiwr de is PiiCdaxn KeAnne P. Dcrw 


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WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 199+ 


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L TO’s most recent ultimatum — its third — 
will work. But the chances are that it will not. that 
it will be seen as what it really is; a desperate bluff 
to gel the West out of a quagmire. There is urgent 
need to rethink Western policies toward the un- 
ending Yugoslav nightmare. 

A thorough rethinking should start by squarely 
facing up to Western shortcomings and failures. 
Those have been of two kinds: failures in analysis, 
and failures in policy. 

Among the more serious failures in analysis was 
the widespread assumption among Western’ go vero- 


By Hamas W, Maul! 


Public opinion* shaken hr 
gruesome television pictures , 
demanded drastic action. 
Governments dumped the problem 
on international institutions 
— without giving them the 
tcherewithal to do the job . 


and even there military force was unable to achieve 
a key objective: a change of regime in Baghdad. 

In Yugoslavia, this reality operated for the West, 
but (and this is often overlooked) it also applies to 
the Serbs. Their wars of territorial expansion have 
destroyed the Serbian economy, and in the end win 
turn out to be as much of a national catastrophe 
for them as for the victims of their aggression. 

Somalia and Haiti, as well as Yugoslavia, 
where the UN intervention has moved away from 
the tried and trusted model of peacekeeping, 
demonstrate that constraints on the use of mili- 


tary force apply particularly severely to opera- 
tions under UN auspices. The UN operations in 
Namibia and Cambodia, on the other hand, were 
successful — by sticking to the traditional peace- 
keeping role of UN forces. 

These lessons were ignored in Yugoslavia. Why? 
The answer to this question brings us to the second 
kind of flaw: the yawning gap between exaggerat- 
ed expectations and flimsy policy effort 

This gap operated at two levels simultaneously, 
producing a double hypocrisy of Western policies 
toward the former Yugoslavia: public opinion, 
shaken by gruesome television pictures, demanded 
drastic action by governments to stop the atrocities 
— but showed little willingness to pay the price of 
effective measures. Governments, in turn, dumped 
the problem onto international institutions (the 
then European Community, the Conference on 
Security and Cooperation in Europe, the United 
Nations, NATO) — without, however, giving them 
the wherewithal to do the job. 

The result was predictable: with the rapid 
spread of this brushfire of ethnic violence, the costs 
of stopping the slaughter shot up. Now there are no 
more decent options: all alternatives look grim. 

To extricate itself, the West must begin by being 
honest. Rather than pretend to pursue policy ob- 
jectives that describe what it would like to sos but 
is quite unprepared to fight for, it must start 
defining policies and policy objectives that are 
realistic in terms both of the situation on the 
ground and of the limited willingness of Western 
governments and peoples to make sacrifices. Such 
policy objectives might include: 

« Freezing the fighting as. quickly as possible. 
This implies a cease-fire in place, which could be 
seen as legitimizing territorial conquest by force. It 


menu that in ihe violent disintegration of Yugosla- 
via. there were no vital Western interests at stake. 

This assumption was wrong. Events in Yugosla- 
via have produced enormous problems of political 
credibility for national governments and interna- 
tional institutions. It Is now plain that the West dees 
need a modicum of the very international order that 
has been shot to pieces in the former Yugoslavia. 

The second failure of analysis ha> been the. 
inability to understand that this conflict has al- 
ways been both a civil war and a war of aggression. 


The Serbs are fighting for territory, but they are 
also fighting for the security of ethnic Serbs. Other 
ethnic groups now fight for similar reasons. They 


will not be stopped by reluctant air strikes. The 
grim truth is that between the Serbs and their 
victims, security will be possible for a Ions time to 
come only on the basis of territorial separation. 

The third flaw was a faulty assessment of what 
military force car and cannot achieve. It is easy in 
today's world to use militiry force to wreak havoc, 
but very hard to harness it to constructive pur- 
poses. The liberation of Kuwait was an exception. 


would be hard to swallow for all concerned, partic- 
ularly for the Muslims. They would have to choose 
between continuing the fight for territory on their 
own, or saving the lives erf the Muslim communi- 
ties and rebuilding their shattered realm. 

• Territorial and population exchanges under 
international auspices to create territorially coher- 
ent ethnic groups, with generous support for the 
resettlement of displaced people in Bosnia, or in 
the Western countries. This not only would ratify 
the despicable practice of “ethnic deansing, ” it 
would engage the international community in it 
And it would clearly favor the Serbs. But does 
anyone have serious suggestions for how to sus- 
tain, over longer periods, population enclaves that 
are little more than large refugee camps? 

• Shifting the protection, humanitarian assis- 
tance and support of refugees onto the Bosnian 
government. This would be possible once Bosnia, 
to put it bluntly and cynically, has been “carved 
up. UN troops should be moved out of those 
tasks as quickly as possible, and moved into duties 
of interposition along agreed cease-fire lines. 

As the victimized group, the Muslims should get 
not only generous material support from govern- 
ments and private organizations, but the means to 
protect themselves as a community. The arms 
embargo ought to be lifted, subject to strict ac- 
ceptance of the cease-fire. The objective of this 
would be to work toward a balance of power 
between Serbs and Muslims, but one frozen by 
cease-fire and interposed forces: 

• M aintaining sanctions on Serbia so long as 
there is no progress on a wider political settle- 
ment. Sanctions would hdp to detegitimize terri- 
torial conquest by force and keep the pressure for 






The West Stands Convicted of Hypocrisy m Bosnia np with 2 * 

T By Hanns W. MauU S L 

will work. But the chances are that it will not. that between continuing the fight for tem tory on thor 

it will be seen as what it realJv is: a desperate bluff and even there military force was unable to achieve own, or saving the lives <rf the Muslim conramm- - 


f 

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industrial espionage:’ Tv 
Inspectors were proW^ax 


mourns ago will 
nuclear-fadliiy 
neat and nnssde^paits stOTfi ^ ■ ‘ ~ 
Saddam, but have faBeftp^pa,, -;c r-'- 
with serious investis^S^^ • - 

• In France, 
pPer toi the Baghdad . 

know what equroineni -n. 

1981 Israeli bombing. 

metals manufacturer l£pp&sjT • - 

whose products uscd ra- ffifeig - - .- • 

urarmnn in centrifuges lai<?i'T-”. 

Yma cK/vrvlst ka odUaiI f*>m mJXJt 1 - 


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(fExpkntation de la 'CSttae$"Vfc awtSss-i 
luy; about bellows used m ^ 
centrifu^s former^ma^ b^CUir- 
stat Industries SA in Domdffl,-. - • yftfc 1 -'*- 1 

• In Switzedand, hatfey ti te jwffi'"—" 

couM ads about bottdiai IrflE* 
centrifuges for LasagSA in lfas,aofi ' 

rotor equipment from KxeafiigaL 

• In Belgium, look m .cn 
Bdgonud&ore and SybeOfcltlttjy, 


political negotiations. 
None of these objec 


None of these objectives and policies would be 
cause for pride. They fly in the face of much of 
what the Western alliance stands for. 

But they would recognize, first, that the Yugo- 
slav nightmare urgently needs a settlement now; 
second, that the West must be involved in it; and 
third, that it must tiy to get the best possible results 
with the limited budget of political will and re- 
sources at its disposaL This would be a step toward 
honesty — and the West’s worst enemy in the 
Yugoslav crisis has been its hypocrisy. 


. . _ 

pfctB 1 '-7* 


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query Rome's Snia Tedml, od at 
Flmczice's Nuovo Pigoone SPAdett 
the n umb er of gaR- diffmaig niqii«- 
sers to ennch in Hfliyiii 4hc 
numbers provided by 
Germany, visit MasdnnefifetiCtf- 
fenbachaofEppmgea.aiifnlctaa, 
Air Products He in Chcslqa. : 

• India’s Txanspefc Industq.M 
may have answers about doUtse 
chmmcals that were preennats of 


The writer, professor of international relations at 
tile University of Trier, contributed this comment to 
the Internationa Herald Tribune. 


JBAT1HP. :'*l MU 
fflUftJ-J&a 

S)lK l ■ ■■ 


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Ar 


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The PLO Will Have to Prove That It Can Govern 


N EW YORK — Again. Yitzhak 
Rabin and Yasser Arafat are to 


1 N Rabin and Yasser Arafat are to 
shake hand* in a momentous ceremo- 
ny. this Wednesday in Cairo. Months 
of haggling, crisis, bloodshed and 
suffering have followed the hand- 
shake on the White House lawn in 
September. This time more than the 
symbolism of signatures is at stake. 

Can the agreement on Palestinian 
self-rule in Die Gaza Strip and the 
West Bank work? Can leirorism car- 
ried out by the fundamentalist assas- 
sins of Hamas stop? 

These are separate questions, or at 
least they ought to be. Unfortunately, 
emotions in Israel make the viability 
of peace with the Palestinians depend 
on cessation of all tenor attacks — 
an unrealistic objective. This dream 
gives the terrorists far too many 
chips and too much disruptive power. 

That is why. hard though it may be. 
Israelis have to realize that terror 
cannot be completely stopped, even 


By Yirmiyahn Yove! 


in peacetime, and that while tenor 
endangers individual lives and prop- 
erty. it does not imperil the existence 
or ihe state. War does. 

Hamas opposes the peace process 
for three reasons. 

It is against Israel’s very existence 
ai. 1 cannot swallow a two-state solu- 
tion. It wants a theocratic, Islamic 
state rather than the secular state that 
the Palestine Liberation Organiza- 
tion seeks. And it suspects — or says 
it suspects — that the Gaza-Jericho 
plan is an Israeli sham devised to 
avoid creation of a Palestinian state. 

But Hamas has strong Interests, 
ideological and practical, in avoiding 
a fratricidal war with the PLO that it 
knows it cannot win and that, it says, 
would play into thehands of the Is- 
raelis. (Such a war would help the 
Israeli right, but not the government.) 

The PLO. for its part claims to 


represent all Palestinians, including 
those opposed to its policies. This is 
why it insisted, successfully, that Is- 
rael release many imprisoned Hamas 
activists with the thousands of PLO 
members now being freed. 


Despite their own propaganda. 
>me Hamas leaders are prepared to 


some Hamas leaders are prepared to 
accept the PLO position that the 
Gaza-Jericho plan is not the end of a 
process but a first step. In their view, 
when full independence is attained 
their militant movement may then 
have its hour. 

So Hamas and the PLO are report- 
ed to have reached an agreement un- 
der which Hamas will not challenge 
Mr. Arafat by arms and not Launch 
further terrorist attacks against Israel 
from the areas under self-rule. 

The PLO, bent on building de- 
pendable institutions, has a powerful 
interest in enforcing the agreement. 


both to fofl Hamas bloodshed that 
might challenge its governance and to 
avoid Israeli threats or acts of inter- 
vention and reprisal. 

Hamas knows that within a few 
days the PLO will have a loyal and 
well-armed force of more than 8,000 
members — its own police — and will 
control computers, records and a va- 
riety of intelligence resources provid- 
ed by the departing Israeli authori- 
ties. These resources will be comple- 
mented by the PLO’s own intelli- 
gence networks in the territories. This 
will give il a fair chance to control the 
streets, although il will not be able to 
avoid violence altogether. 

Yet security measures that are 
based on fear are, at best, half-mea- 
sures. What is more essential is hope 
— political and economic — Tor pro- 
pie who have scarcely known it 


by thousands of. innocent Knrdi a, 
Halalga.(AsreooitIyaslastHnnw [Ec.:-* _ 

an Iia^ ccmqjaiiy tried and failed t> 
seczetiyingKattoosofanhydrousl?- aajteM - 

dnrfhifflicacui, ased not just for pa- 
rochenricaJs buifor processing uraa- . 

urn hexafluoride.) ... . ade^. -r 1 . ’ _ 

These companies may tone ton i »t^ ~. m ;: 

shipping coumaneats and na teriabto . 3 i^r 

IraqrompLet^withm v’ r. ' . 7 . J : 

export laws. The puipose of UN-W- * teajc* ' r 
tations to item would be BJ jdw* 5~W e is; ;■ T'.' . 
what shipments we re m ade; Jot*®* 1 : • •; - 


. -c 


■', ^ j ' 1 -. 


apteucw-.:-'-: 


That hope lies partly in the agrre- 
ent on economic relations signed 


When Will Arabs Be Ready for Peace? 


meat on economic relations signed 
by Israel and the Palestinians in Par- 
is on Friday — and of course on 
Western help. Now, for a PLO peace 
to prevail over Hamas terrorism, 
Gaza residents must see real im- 


W ASHINGTON — Israeli Prime 
Minister Yitzhak Rabin has 


W Minister Yitzhak Rabin has 
something important in common 
with Iraq’s Saddam Hussein and 
America’s Bill Ginton. 

Saddam Hussein did not tell the 
Iraqi people when he invaded Kuwait 
that there was a chance they would be 
pounded into military defeat. When 
Bill Ginton ordered American bomb- 
ers to lake part in the Bosnian war. he 
did not say there was a chance that 
bombing could spread the war further. 

And Yitzhak Rabin, makinz enn- 


By A. M. Rosenthal 


cessions to bring peace with Palestin- 
ians and Svria, does not tell Israelis of 


iansand Svria, does not tell Israelis of 
the evidence that Arab public opin- 
ion is not ready for that peace, and 
favors immediate military confronta- 
tion as the alternative. 

An old story — when national 
leader*, democratic or dictatorial, 
lake a major step (hat involves big 
risk and big opportunity they umphz^ 
size the npportunities and slide over 
or just skip talk about risk. 

1e a recent column ! wrote that 
Arab governments were still spewing 
out anti-Israeli propaganda and that 
Arab nations had taken none of the 
obvious steps to show their people 
that the unholy war was over. Coinci- 
dentally. the day the column was 
primed I received a studs’ that pre- 
sided startling supporting statistics. 

The study was carried out not bv 
an Israeli but by Hilal Khashan. asso- 
ciate professor or political science at 
the .American University of Beirut, 
The article, printed by the new Middle 
East Quarterly (4504 Osage Avenue. 
Philadelphia 19104) is called "Are the 
Arabs Ready for Peace With Israel'*" 


His answer is a sad “no" — the 
result or a poll he carried out among 
I. 000 Muslim Lebanese. Syrians and 
Palestinians in Beirut on the eve of 
the first Israeli-PLO agreement on 
ScpL 13. 1993. 

“What are the alternatives to peace 
talks?" was one question. Of the Iwo- 
thirds who replied to the question. 75 
percent favored “immediate military 
cr-nfronlatiqn with Israel." 

The remaining one-fourth wanted 
to maintain the present situation — 
no peace, no war. 

The conclusion in the analysis is 
that those who did support negotia- 
tions saw them merely as a truce be- 
fore another military confrontation. 
The study blames Arab leadership for 
the fact that .Arab people show little 
understanding oT peace with Israel or 
its benefits and see it as a surrender. 

Since ihe early 1920s. Mr. Khashan 
writes, the Arab elite has conditioned 


Arab populations to suspect Jews, 
hate Zionists and seek the destruc- 


hate Zionists and seek the destruc- 
tion of Israel. And when Arab leaders 
chose to seek peace, he says, they did 
not prepare their people for what it 
meant, but followed a policy of 
“peace by stealth" — one step for- 
ward. two steps back, underestimat- 


ing the implications of peace. 
The Rabin government is s 


The Rabin government is so con- 
vinced that a formal peace is in (he 
best interest of Israel that it has 
changed the military strategy that for 
decades rested on control of’the West 
Bank and the Golan Heights. 

As part of its negotiating tactics 


Israel is playing down the refusal of 
Arab governments to revoke the very 
actions that helped create and sustain 
haired and war against Israel. 

Among them are: the global hate 
sewer, the world boycott, l/nrermen- 
schen barriers against Jewish travel- 
ers. and the Arab conventions calling 
for the death of Israel. 

When many members of the U.S. 
Congress wanted to push for an end 
of the embargo now. the Israelis tout- 
ed them off. Then Israel docilely ac- 
cepted a UN resolution condemning 
murders committed by one private 
person — the Hebron killer. This had 
never been done at the United Na- 
tions- Israelis did not urge the United 
States to veto a paragraph treating 
Jerusalem as occupied territory. 

When Palestinians refused to re- 
voke their death oaths. Israel acted 
unconcerned. When the Arab League 
refuses 10 end the embargo, Israel 

talks about the exceptions that Arabs 
graciously grant from lime to time. 

The Rabin government will proba- 
bly achieve the agreements it seeks. 
Land on credit ana the coming Pales- 
tinian independence are a good start- 
ing point for the Arabs. But in the 
process his government is making the 
error of other Israeli governments — 
deluding itself about what Arab peo- 
ple think, and the consequences. 

If Israel now does not seem to care 
much about how the Arab people arc 
fed with haired, or that so many see 
peace with Israel os a prelude to war 
with Israel, why should any other 
government bother itself -—"now or 
after the papers are signed? 

The New York Times. 


E rovement in work opportunities, 
oiising, schools, roads and sewsK* 


housing, schools, roads and sewage. 

In short, the PLO must show that it 
can govern, that it can shift from hang 
fighters to able administrators and 
strategists who can outwit Hamas. 


The writer, professor of philosophy 
at Hebrew University m Jerusalem, is 
teaching at the New School for Social 
Research, in New York. He contributed 
this comment to The New York Tones. 


nous weapons-proauang 
and how much of the shipomSaff 85 

yet unaccounted fqrm fiaq.:^ 

My sources for' tins liM.p «Pj*r 
booing are the same as or stmter ® 
those who Mew the whistle in Iwjt® 
Saddam’s secret nuclear huiWj*P\ 
which the CIA thro poo bffgff ; 
misleading reporters 
tion experts. On tfis subjod, te* 
sources have moved triable. 

Before the SeOT*r’Cbunca ] p* 

the renwtest-'consioentiro to 

FremA-Rnssiflntarffor.tegg® 
usual with the dupbchbos 
U.Sk Representative to the 
Nations Madeleine AlbrigNj™ 
demand a thorough invesug*®?': 
port based on interviews ana 
mentation from every «wpaiy 
has done or is doing weapons 
ness with Iraq. 

That is only one threshold; 
there is the human rights uu<5b®“. 
protect Kurds and iSs. dfctfg 
requiring Iraqis to throw q» ^ 
dictator-baby with the Ba'ath**®- 

After some shakiuKS earn 
year, Clinton ft Cb. got this ow 1 *®" 
The preskknt renamed resolute^ 


$g«owrea:,- 
Sfanta: M;=- 

Ot IE 5 ^ 


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• •• V": i 

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rv<rc Sse 
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ir,r Wie!: 
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And be*- 


the tragic shootdown and fe 
ing the United Nations that ir 


mg me umini — t 

dam's regime is onaccepBPK- 
verers should pay teed. 

The New York Times- 


IN OUR PAGES: 1QQ, 75 AND 50 YEARS AG O, 
1894: TTireal to France? uestotonmakisbeM^'S 


ROME — in the Italian Chamber the 
debate on the budget of Foreign Af- 
faire was the occasion of Signor 
Blanc, Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
giving utterance to an important dis- 
course on the internatio nal relations 
of his country. He denied that the 
existence of a treaty with Austria and 
Germany was in any way a menace to 
France. On the contrary, they at- 
tached the very greatest importance 
to bang on friendly terms with that 
country. Signor Blanc, however, de- 
dined Signor Banalei’s invitation to 
publish the text of the treaty. Such 
a publication, he declared, would 
serve no good purpose. 


ues to be meagre, it is bfflcvm w ^ 
settlement ttel can now be nop ® 1 _ 

is tint Dantzig shall b«w« 
called free port under Wish 

eimlv an ft ftijcnsskt® Ot IDC ®*‘T 1 


/ 


eignty, and discussoa of ok 
proceeds for the most part “Lp 
assumptioa that this so tuPqnJ p 
more or less definitely ; reacted. 


1944s DeOanBedios* 11 


LONDON — [Frooi our 


edition:] The French Couaa^g, 
National Libation, beadedW ^ 
cral Charles de Gaulle, 
authority to deal wilh 
France, Foreign Secretaiy 
Eden krfd the House of CtwpTj. 


ty) YOU I 

^NATlONy; 

IN VpTtr YAn 


Eden tdd the Bfeuse of 
today [May 3J. Coavcrsatico?g.n. 


1919s The Dantzig Ibhm Eisenhower, saprente 

° mander. and the French 


luuiiy jivusjr jj. 

ing place between General ^*^ 3 . 
Eisenhower, supreme Altec y. 


WARSAW — Poland at this moment 
is doing her utmost to reconcile herself 
w the fact that in all probability the 
Peace Conference will withhold from 
terthc absolute ownership of the port 
of Danta'g. Though news here oontin- 


aon in London on detailed 
meats for the adminisOT^^ 
liberated France, he said* 
some surprise, howevo, ma 1 jKje 
definite diplomatic step sbo*® 
been announced by Britain a 83 * 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1994 

OPINION 



age 


Page 5 


tinstmting Courage 

b a Matter of My Pride 


B >' Steve Twomej 


met D-Day. I will be 


. : — u-u»j. i wm dc 

“at jealous, again. That is not an endorse- 
m a ment of war, but a longing for the darity 
of that moment, for its sense of purpose 


MV Wife- to- he .njTr.^ 1 - OM7 wnen 

that one place about hair wandercxi “to without di’ 

night of SS^?' £"*«*** 


«* evident Dallas 



Soon,Thedock sKn^Si - . . . Virginia, on Friday. “Not the whole 

WoridWarn.- ; 

On June 6, 1944, Al was an officer 


— - or congressional hearings? 

“ithout lawsuits? Without someone sav- 
ing what’s in it for me or count me out? 

Al, do you ever question the worth 
of what you did? 

“Not D-Day," Al Ungerieider, 72, 

said from his home in suburban Burke, 


un 


the Normandv couninraM* TIJYJ r"?\ ! *J auca io nau mosuy irom ens- 

saSHv w = j^-**-**-**- 

So had the th^^d? ?°?f t °( ree ^ But lhe y tot the beach as one. “We 
a ta?1^ < ff therA J Den_ went he said, “and did iL”AI later 

smmblS^n.M f ^u^! later , a l went in and did it in Korea and Viet- 

rho v£Ln!5 .^Jjpdtog craft beneath nam, too, but those events don’t seem as 




The Woman Behind the Athenian ^ 


w- u. oimxcry. mat pieuay right, said Al, who was wou 
ever • foTC Y ermore ' ed 12 days after the invasion began, 

ewm to the French, by us invasion code Felix, are you proud of it? 

m ^ Amed - “Proud of it?” Felix P. Branham said. 

“I wouldn’t take $10 million for h. I was 
flnany of the Ymh coaring ashore so proud to serve rrry country." 

Mffl ^andeis, be- You can still hear Charlottesville in 
29th Division was among the Felix’s speech, although be lives in Silver 
Madras. *^ us mam comb« units con- Spring, Maryland, now. Many of his 
sstMof j wo r egiments of Maryland's unit buddies were from Charlottesville. 
Naiiona] Guard and ora: of Yirgima’s. Virginia. He had known them since be 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


. 7 — ruguiuft. 

- And now, just past midnight four de- 
cades lata, someone in the bar raised a 
glass. “To the Americans,” he said. 

We were confused. Which Ameri- 
cans? Had someone come in? The other 
patrons turned, arms raised. 

And drank to the two of us. 

I can’t replay that moment without 

Mftrriff fMru Th, J. _r 


was a baby, so it was especially hard to 
leave them behind in a cemetery in 
France. His unit landed in the first wave. 

Fdix got wounded 1 1 days into the 
invasion, got better and eagerly went 
bade to fight. “I figured 1 hadn’t done 
enough for the war,” be said. 

A] and Fdix trill go back to Omaha 
a few weeks, along with 222 

* t~*% * 


’ . uwm wu wiuium aj duu roiA wui yu im iu wuiaDa 

getting teary. The gratitude of a room of Beach in a few weeks, along with 222 
Frenchmen for the selfless act of a dis- other membere of the 29th Division. They 
tant people was so genuine that I wanted will gather at a monument to the 29th at 

*" — "• -■ ■ IK. .-n. __ 1/ j 


to hug them, to say it was nothing, 
although of course it was everything m 
thewond to them. 

In truth, I had no business taking any 
credit, I was shmmiTng thm night nff the 
courage of others, havmg had nothing to 
do with liberating Europe from Hitler 


I was merely a convenient stand-in, cov- 
;the4fthi 


, news- 
been done by 


ering the 

paper. The hero work 
myparents’ generation. 

We will nmik (be sixth of June again 
soon, and in a grand way, because this is 


YiaviQfrsur-Ma and remember. 

They never forget, really. “I got memo- 
ries that won’t quit,” Fdix said. “I live D- 
Day every day. I make it a point I don’t 
want to forget what happened that day.” 

Indeed. So few days come now that 
have that days unity and purity. So 
when the anniversary comes around, 
raise a glass and give a toast — to 
these Americana 


Asia After the Vietnam War 

Regarding “ For Southeast Asia, 
a Crucial Respite” ( Opinion, April 29) 
by Marvin On: 

The article represents one American’s 
reading of history. The hard truth is that 
almost all the economic progress 
achieved in Southeast Asia dates from 
the departure of the Americans from 
Vietnam. Mr. On dwells on the contrast 
between the economic prostration of 
Vietnam and the marked economic pro- 
gress in neighboring countries. Bui the 
fad is that Vietnam had virtually no 
bankable national economy during the 
stay of the French and the Americans. 
Economic progress came after political 
freedom in Vietnam. Furthermore, the 
Americans went into Vie tnam in pursuit 
of their own strategic agenda, not to 
save Malaysia, Indonesia, Laos. Cambo- 
dia and the Philippines. 

D. G. NATH. 

Coppet. Switzerland. 


iza lions about Tunisia. By describing 
the Tunisian government as “insecure.” 
the editorial makes an inference that is 
hardly based ou verifiable evidence. Its 
further daim that the last elections were 
“rigged” is unfounded. 

The editorial lumps Tunisia together 
with the other countries of the region, 
which are described as suffering from 
“ID- run economies, a sky-high birth raie, 
too many unemployed young people.” 

But Tunisia's level of development sets 
it apart Its economic performance is wide- 
ly perceived as a remarkable success story, 
The International Monetary Fund, in a 
recent report highlighted die “impressive 
strides” made by Tunisia “toward oevdop- 
in°a vibrant, outward-looking economy.” 

The editorial also fails to point out 
that Tunisia has achieved a level of de- 
mographic growth akin to that of the 
European countries, with population 


growth last year of less than 1.9 percent. 

t. Tunisia 


Tunisia Stands Apart 


The writer is a local columnist for The 
Washington Past, in which this appeared. 


Regarding the editorial “ The Storm 
Over Algeria'’ (April 26): 

The editorial con tains unfair general- 


Witbout self-complacency, 
feels confident in itself and its future 
growth and stability. 

OUSSAMA ROMDHANL 
Washington. 

The writer is director of the Tunisian 
Information Office in the United States 


W ASHINGTON — Each year has 
its milestones. The big one for 
1994 is the 50th anniversary of the Al- 
lied landings on the beaches of Norman- 
dy. But another, as yet unremarked, is 
the anniversary of the birth of Pericles in 
494 B.C. —an event, I concede, that has 
been ignored for who knows bow long 
— two millennia, maybe. 

Why bother now? The answer in Per- 
icles’s case must be “better late than 
never.** We owe him a lot, although we 
cannot measure how much, since most 
of the literature in which he figured has 
not survived. We know that probably 
no one has ever ruled as wisely or as 
long with the consent of the governed. 
We know that be was the inspiration 
for and patron of the richest effusion 
of classical an. 

Briefly, we know that Pericles defined 
and dominated an eponymous era that 
was the closest thing to a gulden age 
that history reveals. 

What is not widely known is that 
Pericles had a vivid, and for a time 
tumultuous, private life. Scholars dis- 
agree on details, but not on the main 
point At considerable risk to his exalted 
position. Pericles shared not just his bed 
out his political life with a brilliant 
and beautiful woman. 

Her name was Aspasia, and now. 
when f emal e prime ministers are not an 
oddity, and diversity in high places is the 
fashion, her singular role in the classical 
legacy should be pointed up. 

Aspasia was a political force, even 
though wives of the Athenian gentry 
were normally illiterate, sheltered and 
taken up with family and slaves. She was 
not even Pericles’s wife. A divorced and 
aloof man in his early 50$, who never 
entertained or accepted dinner invita- 
tions, he fell in love with the much 
younger woman and she with him. 

The affair was an utter anomaly, with 
scandalous overtones, most of which in- 
vited smears and hyperbole. 

First of all, Aspasia was a beta era, 
meaning that she belonged to a caste of 
higb-dass, cultivated courtesans. To 
take a hetaera into one’s house, have a 
child with her and, worse still, snake no 
effort to conceal her impressive intellec- 
tual skills and corresponding influence 
on her mighty consort’s thinking — all 
of this was for many Athenians not just 
eccentric but offensive. 

As EF. Bensen wrote in the 1920s 
about Peridean Athens, “a flute-girl 
supplied occasional amusement, a wife 
supplied sons, and Athens in all the 
friendships and romantic companion- 
ships of fife was a dty of men.” 

Neither before nor after Aspasia did 
an Athenian woman keep a salon in her 
house, much less one to which the city's 
deepest thinkers and their pupils 
flocked. Among the notables with whom 
Aspasia discussed politics and phQoso- 


By John Newhonse 


phv 

cull. 


were Socrates and members of his 
L Socrates was known to have bees 
deeply impressed by Aspasia. 

And Plato, in his dialogue between 
Socrates and Menexenus, identifies her 
as the real author of Pericles's only 
famous utterance, the funeral oration 
for the dead in the early days of the 
Peloponnesian War. 

Most experts reckon that Plato was 
just having some fun —nan g the dia- 
logue to show that much of tribal passed 
for informed opinion in Athens had 


MEANWHILE 


come io see Aspasia as the clever one 
and the manipulator of the first citizen. 

And therein lay the problem. Al- 
though Pericles was very grand, he did 
not lack enemies and critics. 


The long peace with Sparta that he 
bard 


made and managed was nam on war 
hawks. Conservatives opposed what 
they saw as too much democracy and 
free thinking and loo Little respect 
for the gods or for values based on 
postion and privilege. Before Aspasia 
came on the scene, Pericles's enemies 
had not managed to breach his defenses. 
Then, using her as a weapon, they at- 
tacked him full bore. 

Plutarch describes how Aspasia was 
accused of procuring women for Pericles 
and turning his bouse into a brotheL 

The charge, however absurd, proba- 
bly had some resonance, since Pericles, 
unlike so many of his peers, was distinct- 
ly heterosexual A comic poet named 
Hemuppus attacked him for “erotic in- 
stability” in a play called “King of the 
Satyrs." The comic poets were the pack 
journalists of the period, and the theater 
was their channel for smearing and ridi- 
culing the prominent. 

Since Pericles was being effectively 
harassed through Aspasia, it seemed a 
good idea to attack other members of 
his tiny circle of intimates. One such 
was Phidias, Greece’s greatest sculptor. 
Pericles had commissioned him to 
build the Parthenon, and in 438 B.C.. 
about when Pericles's troubles began. 
Phidias was completing the huge gold 
and ivory statue of Athena for the inner 
room of the temple. 

Abruptly, be was accused of si 


some of the gold — a charge that 
spatter Pericles, si 


les. since he was in charge 
of such projects. 

More serious, the poets had been 
hurling charges of impiety and blas- 
phemy against Aspasia. and they now 
accused Phidias of the same crime. 
Phidias was vulnerable: Like Aspasia, 
he had broken new ground, in this case 
by carving likenesses of human beings 


on Athena’s shield. One of the liken- 
esses, alas, resembled Pericles, the 
other Phidias himself. 

To carve recognizable people on the 
statue of the goddess,” writes the classi- 
cal scholar Donald Kagan, “was far loo 
bold for the ordinary citizen, who was 
likely to consider it an act of hubris that 
could endanger the enure city.” 

Meanwhile, Aspasia's situation was 
growing more desperate. Any citizen of 
Athens could bring a legal action 
against another citizen, and it was 
Hennippus, one of Pericles's chief 
tormentors, who formally indicted her 
for impiety. 

He may not have been acting on his 
own. By then, a commerce-based nou- 
veau riche faction was forming, and 
one of its early leaders was a seller of 
hides named Cleon — a kind of Ross 
Perot of the day and a sworn enemy of 
Pericles. With his verses. Hermippus 
became Cleon’s flack. 

According to Plutarch. “The people 
accepted with delight these slanders" 
against Aspasia and the others. But Peri- 
des, he adds, got Aspasia spared “by 
shedding copious tears at ibe trial 
. . . and by entreating the jurors.” 

Exactly what befell Phidias is not 
dear, but he came to a bad end. 

By one account be vanished from the 
dty. By another, be was put in prison 
ana died there. 

With religious fundamentalists in full 
cry, Pericles probably calculated that he 
would be able to save only one of the 
accused, and inevitably he used his pow- 
er to save the woman he loved. 

Pericles himself came through the at- 
tacks on him and Aspasia without last- 
ing injury to Ids prestige or his power. 
The blasphemy trials occurred when 
Athens was at the peak of its glory. 
For its leader, it was the best of times, 
politically and personally. 

A few years later, his long peace was 
shattered by the outbreak of the Pelo- 
ponnesian War. swiftly followed by a 
plague. Aspasia was not blamed for the 
plague, bni a few comic poets did accuse 
Pericles of arranging the war to divert 
attention from his Aspasia-relaied mis- 
eries. Some years later, Aristophanes 
picked up that libel and used it in a play, 
“The A cnamians ." 

None of what occurred, including the 
decline of the city — and democracy — 
that set in after the war began, came 
between Pericles and Aspasia. Their liai- 
son lasted as long as Pericles did. He 
died in 429 B.C. 

Aspasia made another strong, though 
less conspicuous, attachment- And Peri- 
cles was succeeded by Geon. 


Mr. Newhouse, a staff writer for The 
New Yorker, is guest scholar at the 
Brookings Institution. He contributed 
this comment to The New York Times. 


BOOKS 


WHAT THEY FOUGHT 
FOR, 1861-1865 ^ 

fy Jama il< McPheniri; B8 
pages. $169$: Xomsianh State 
University Prvss. ... ; 

Reviewed b' 


t oy 

Jonathan Yardley 


T HE central thane of this small 
book by the noted Civil War 
historian James ML McPherson is 
that soldiers on both sides of the 

otism and^tedkjgy. This may seem 
a mere restatement of the obvious 
— we think of the Civil War, after 
all, as having been fought ova 
great issues rather than mere terri- 
tory — but in fact it is not Most 
students of military behavior be- 
lieve that male bonding in one fonn 
or another is the chief reason why 
soldiers fight; by contrast McPher- 
son claims that “a large number of 

those mat in blue and gray woe 
intensely aware of the issues at 
stake and passionately concerned 
about them.” 

McPherson advanced this aigu- 
ment in the 1993 Walter Lynwood 

n - . _ t at t luiicinnn 


F leming Lectures at Louisiana 
S tale Unh 


Jnivenoly, published here 
“in a form only slightly altered 
bom their oral delivery.” Although 
the lectures stand confidently on 

their own, they are also part of an 
ongoing project, a book tentatively 


titled “Why They Fought” in which 
McPherson plans to “explore the 
motives of union and Confederate 
sohfierc for eoBstmg and figuring in 
the Civil War.” 

He had not expected io find pa- 
triotism and/or ideology high 
among those motives, bnt the evi- 
dencene encountered in letters and 
diaries on both sides convinced him 
otherwiseL 

These were “the most literate ar- 
mies in histray to that time —more 
than 80 percent of Confederate sol- 
diers and more than 90 percent of 
white Union soldiers could read 
and write.” McPherson has read 
some 25,000 letters and more titan 
100 diaries* and has come away 
convinced that, although they con- 
stitute an imperfect sample of opin- 
ion in both armies, they are an 
accurate barometer of general sen- 
timent therein. He writes in “What 
They Fought For”: 

“AH of the quotations I have 
presented hoe were taken from 
tmeensored private letters and di- 
aries. These men were not postur- 
ing fear public consumption. They 
were not tooking back from years 
la ter through a romantic haze of 
myth about the war. They were 
writing during the immediacy of 
their ex p e ri ence to explain mid 
justify thdr beliefs to family mem- 
bers or friends who shared-or in 
some cases questioued-those be- 
liefs. And how smugly can we 


sneer at their expressions of will- 
ingness to die for those beliefs 
when we know that so many of 
them did just that?” 

The language of many of these 
letters “may come across to this 
post-Freudian age as mawkish pos- 
turing, romantic sentimentalism, 
hollow platitudes.” Rebel officers 
and sakfiera spoke of “the holy 
cause of Southern freedom,’’ 
“death before Yankee rule” and 
“glorious destiny” wink Yankees 
spoke in minor image; “My glori- 
ous, glorious country.” “that glori- 
ous cause." “sacrifice on the altar 
of liberty." What our cynical are 
cannot grasp is the simple truth: 
Thdr words were not mawkish 
melodrama; they meant what they 
said." 

As the passages just quoted sug- 
gest, what they said often sounded 
strikingly, eezRy alike. One of the 
ironies of the CvD War is that 
soldiers on both rides ardently be- 
lieved that they were fighting to 
reaffirm and seenre the “heritage of 
fiberty bequeathed to them by the 
founding fathers.” 

McPherson expected to find pas- 
sions running strongest in the 
South, which al least in the early 
months of the war had a more 
ckarty enunciated idea of what it 
was fighting fra: than did the North, 
and indeed he found emotion 
y. But be also found its 
it in the North, whose sol- 


diers had a surprisingly clear im- 
of tne threat' 


: threats posed by 


demanding of 
secession. 

On one issue the soldiers of the 
North were less dear. Due to “a 
mixture of racism, conservatism 
and partisan politics,” many Yan- 
kees were less than enthusiastic 
about emancipation as a cause 
worth fighting for. Only by “fits 


and starts” did they move “toward 
an eventual majority in favor of 
abolishing slavery as the only way 
to win the war and preserve the 
Union," and even bv war’s end 
their commitment to this cause was 
halfhearted. 

McPherson presents his case for 
patriotism and ideology in both 
camps with a full awareness that 


even so much evidence as is avail- 
able to him is insufficient for final 
arguments, but he makes a persua- 
sive case for Ins interpretation- He 
also makes the reader all the more 
eager to. see his full work in pro- 
gress come to fruition. 


Dining 

r ^ 
♦ 


r Ollt 

| AMSTERDAM 

I PMBSTth I 


Jonathan Yardley is on the staff of 
The Washington Post 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1994 


A Laboratory for Mideast Peace 

Self-Rule Accord Is a Test, Palestinians Say 

By David Hoffman than planned By comparison, the problems of ihe 

Washington Pan Service West Bank art immense, with more than 100 Jewish 

RAMALLAH. Israeli-Occupied West Bank — For setllCTenis scattered among 12 mOlioo Palestinians 
Sameh Qubaj, a computer programmer tbc advent of ““ 250 roads between the West Bank and IsracL 
Palestinian self-role in the Ctoa Strip and Jericho . “h’s not a mystery," said Daood Kottab. a Palestin- 
looms large, even though it will not come soon to the ^ journalist and docuramtary Hm prodacer in Jeru- 
streets of Ramallah and other major towns in the West- “This whole interim penod is a test-** 

Bank. For Israelis, security is paramount. On Orr, chair- 

'll will be a test for ns— for the entire Palestinian “an of the foreign affairs and defense pane] in Israel's 
nation," said Mr. Qubai, 26. “We have to take up the padjameoi and a retired general who is dose to Mr. 
challenge of those Israelis who said the Palestinians Rabm * sa «^ “The big, big ‘if is whether the Palestin- 


could never govern themselves. We have to prove we iaas ran rule the area. The Palestinian police is not the 
can." question. The question is can the PLO take care of 

When control of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank education, jobs, refugees and 800,000 people in Gaza." 
town of Jericho is transferred to the Palestinians in the The agreement wQ] succeed “if the refugee in Jaba- 

next few weeks, it will cover only two small, relatively lya sees some kind of light at the end of the tunnel,'* 
poor regions, and apply to less than half of the nearly 2 Mr. Orr said, referring to a Palestinian camp in the 
million Palestinians in the territories. But the expert- self-rule area. But if not, he added, “he can come again 
ment in self-rule is already the subject of immense with a knife,** 

curiosity and scrutiny for Palestinians and Israelis. If terrorist attacks against Israelis continue. Mr. Oit 
T he reason is that Gaza and Jericho are about to said, “there will be no solution." Self-rule will remain 
become a laboratory for evaything that Prune Minis- in Gaza and Jericho only, 
ter Yitzhak Rabin and the Palestine Liberation Orga- For Mr. Rabin, expanding self-rule in the West 
nization chairman Yasser Arafat, have struggled to Bank represents a troublesome political calculation, 
achieve since they shook hands at the White House in While there is an overwhelming national consensus in 
September. Israel to exit Gaza, the country remains torn over the 


At stake in the successor failure of the Gaza-Jericho West Bank, 
accord are two concepts that are at the heart of any “Rabin and Peres are hurrying from Gaza and 



0;S. Warns 
North Korea 


OverArms 

• By PaulF.Horvitz-:; 

International Herald T)Hrsne_ X 

-Washington — TheUmad 


tkjns. if necessary, to deffcctNorth 
r Korea from buDdiig nudea-.'weap- 
fVncgven if tte CptnOTOUstreginre 
views sanctions.** m act ai^ru, 
-X)ciV}ScScapaiyywi3mJ.x<^ 

- said Tuesday - V ." - \Y.- 

In a speech apparently aeagueo - 

to clarify VS. p o&y.and £3' 

Washington's resolve, Mn.ftrry 
aaidhis recent -trip -Asa : had 

convinced him that the United 
States and South Korea ware pre- 
pared to handle any mffitary con- 


Israel to exit Gaza, the country remains torn over the An aid worker hying to control a croud of Rwandan refugees as they waited for rationed beans at a camp near Rusmao, T 


u oic iw tuDwyo umi are ai me ncan oi mv ruu-m auu rtuo musyuig ^ p, _ w-i m — ^ ^'-• ' Meoared 

U.S. Steps Up Efforts to End Rwanda Bloodshed El 

other is the Palestinian desire for a homeland free of our government can go in the same tempo, in the same A X • \ ' - > 


Conqnkd by Our Staff From DupauAa (0 Stem tite bloodletting 


occupation. Speed, in the next step." CunpdnJby Our Staff From DupauAa 

For Israelis, the evacuation from Gaza and Jericho Ephriam Sneh, a Labor member of parliament who NAIROBI — The United Stales 
marks the fust time since the 1967 Middle East war chairs the subcommittee overseeing the territories, sieppcd up pressure on Tuesday for 
that they have ceded territory with a large Arab said that “it is not feasible or desirable’’ to expand remraai action to end the Wood- 
population dose to Tel Aviv in exchange for peace— Palestinian control immediately to the rest of the West sweeping Rwanda, but at- 
a far d ifferent proposition than relinquishing the Sinai Bank. tempts to broker talks between re- 

desert to Egypt in the Camp David accords. For the Mr. Sneh expressed concern that the new Palesiin- bels and the ramp gover nmen t 


_ The Tutsi-dominated front says the Seeurig Coundl last week .to; 

NAIROBI — The United Stales doomed. Rwandan rebels ruled out the Hutu interim government was adopt a more forceful approach' toi \ 
sieppcd up pressure on Tuesday for an early cease-fire on Tuesday and established illegally after the death Rwanda/ is tiyihs to oreamze an 

rarn nwal ttAtiAn fn tha mh/T o frwtfimt frww /wil /1 half- *J. — t t 1 tT- l • A - — — 1 " * 


■^We cannot take any chances on 
this" Me. Ptoysaid in a speech to 
the Asia Society. “We have to he 
prepared to help South Korea de- 
fend itself, as we' have for more 
than 40 years. The defense secre- 
^ tarv that North Korea’s poten- 
tiaT battlefield advantage in man- 
powerwoold be met -with superior 


regional action 


des ert t o Egypt in the Camp David accords. For the Mr. Sneh expressed concern that the new Palesiin- 
Palest in ia n s, too, it m a rts the first time in more than a fan authority may fail to attract international aid 
quarter-century that they have taken affairs into their it puis management in place. Palestinian 

own hands — a Tar different proposition than waging economists have complained lately dm nations that 
the six-year intifada, or revolt against Israeli pledged apasniTKy have failed to deliver. But others 
occop 3 ^ 0 ?- point oat that this is became the donors are not 


to end the Mood- said a foreign force could not halt of President Juvfeial Habyarimana African peacekeeping force that y. 

Rwanda, but at- the bloodletting. in a rocket attack an his .plane on could besentinto that comtiy with - i 

it talks between re- Jacques BOtozagara, bead of in- April 6. the dlmgaous task of restoring lavt * > 

ramp government ternatiooal affairs for the Rwanda Mr. Bihozagara said a new inter- and order. . Y- ; Y • Y| 
ss. Patriotic Front, said at a news ooa- national force proposed by UN _ : i 

said Tuesday^ that ference in Brussels that a cease-fire Secretary-General Botros Butros- .Tte sccxeo^-ynq^sm 


According to Israeli and Palestinian analysts, this satisfied the money will be spent correctly, 
grand experiment will take time for both peoples to “The money will not be afinraral to or ganizati ons 
digest. Although last year’s agreement envisioned Pal- run in the old manner of the PLO in Beirut," Mr. Sneh 
e si i n i ans holding ejections and extending their control said. While the Palestinian twhTKyr*** are qualified, 
to the remainder of the West Bank by July 13, few now he added, “I wonder if Arafat will let them work. 


on the eastern outskirts of the forces would lead to more massa- 
ndan capital blasted rebel eras. 


expect the timetable to be met. Some Israelis are “I don’t know how genuinely his mind and his way Sunday in the southern Rwandan "O YW7A T\TTY A mT 

calling for a pause of months, or even years, to see how of thinking has transferred from being leader of an town of Butare, the International fa, WA I w 1 * /ViJ 
the Gaza-Jericho experiment unfolds. organization to leader of a stale.” Committee of the Red Cross said c 

What lira ahead is a long period of the Palestinians* “No one will miss Gaza,” Mr. Sneh said, “but the Tuesday. Cautioned from Page 1 

and Israelis’ testing each other. The negotiations over Palestinians would be very stupid to make Israelis feel Washington, responding to ” 

just the Gaza-Jericho pullout took five months longer that leaving Gaza was a mistake.” nwnntmg criticism of the West and Etienne Krug, health coordinator 

the United Nations for doing noth- d’or the United Nations High Com- 

TCD A FT _ ing in the face of one of the worst nussioncr for Refugees here. 

ISRAEL: Army Restricts Use of Force as Pact Nears l S t 

OMta^dlhnFvl ejzia^te^^foraccdcr. ation Arm,, the PLO's nnlit*, £T3!5 

nrMppt tlw> vtllpmmn in lb* Tmvi aiea wIUKuawaL Wing- na«< fn, kmnMitanan rplwf AMviK if flwv rniilH «imnlv 


made no progress. 

UN officers said Tuesday that 
troops dug in near the Kigali air- 
port on the eastern omskirts of the 
Rwandan capital blasted rebel 
headquarters m the former parlia- 
ment building with a stream of 
mortar shells. 

Twenty-one children and 13 Red 
Cross volunteers were killed on 


between the front and government Ghali would be useless in slopping pMnpcd to aric 


• Mr. Perry said that while there 
was no area ofdisagreeuvait among 
Washington, Tokyo and Seoul cm 
policy toward North Korea, he rt- 
ported - csYy Ysmtcd progress" in 


ttabl^L ^ AMqp c b^ a opt -W 

“The international com muni t y rf noghbore, tojwyjpnat- the . temc Htplomaric stand- 


“Stopping the hostilities between cannot stop the massacres,” he Kz 451 off ova Nor* .Korea's suspected 

the hostile forces frees a part of the said. “It- is only the Rwandans tntmte to stHa a roEc^; and bow nrv^wiT antwiLTTixWm . Nortiv TLn- 
government army to increase mas- themselves who can do tins." . many troops u»y wjuld^prcnw,: . ^ not miscalculate 


government army 
sacres,” he said. 


Mr. Bntros Ghali, who called cm , ‘ ... NTJ1 - . W^Jm^ trihV poHttcat wTI, as it 

Yi'Y;- - irmybavedone.m; 1950. -- -; 

L , • ■ j n • r . - '--‘-t*-- j Yr» l ^ “Today; beno oemfu- 

Itmare and Jjcnwtl tit fJ,Jt$0rti€r ±v$t^^sian about^tht so&iarity^betwren 

■ the Uinted States and South Korea 

Rwandan refugees, whom just 25 displaced just on the other sdeof, ^the resolve of the tlmtedSlites 
hours managed to tum tins deso- the border." . ' ^ drfendSoutlrKorca,” Mr. Peny 

mt o S ,OT ° ty ^ Ao be nocobfu- 

bomb," she said. - : Y-. - sionaboiritiieiriflili^>qMi^ 

Relief wodeera say thqr arc for- • ;•/ i»e« of ri jjq aimKiiirf IT v-Rwmh- 

tmtare so far that the Rwandans Even as they straggled to. aoxnri-. K & Korea, inffiftiy fotc^Sd 


fRivim, NTT) 


Washington, responding to 


Gmtinaed from Page 1 


town of Butare, the International RWAM) A: Nightmare and Denial aZ &Bindi^^ 
Committee of the Red Cross said ° ,• -/ • 


mounting criticism of the West and Etiema Kiufe health ooordmator 
the United Nations for doing noth- 'for the United Nations High Com- 


Continued from Page 1 era) Ebud Barak, called for accder- 

protect the settlements in the Gaza ate< * ^todrawaL 

Strip, according to the September He said he feared soldiers could 

peace accord. be at risk because of a “lack of 

Iteimnytas^idyshifledUK 
bulk of equipment in the Gaza 

Strip since the redeployment began An advance party of 1,000 Pflles- 

late last year, according to the Is- tinian policemen will arrive in the 
raeti press. occupied Gaza Strip on Thursday, 

But no buildings have been 1 ” ” ,om 

handed over to the new police, and Tuesday, 
the army remains in charge of all The contingent, currently based 
installations. at El Arish in the Sinai Peninsula, 

Mr. Rabin has said the full rede- wU form part of the 9,000-strong 
ployment of troops could lake up P 04 *** forct 
to three weeks after the Cairo sign- ■ They will enter Gaza from Egypt 
ing ceremony. yia the Rafab border crossiiig. AH 

But the army chief of staff, Gen- are members of the Palestine laber- 


sent two envoys to the region. International Committee of the 
aiiM Armv th* pmv The White House said that John R«d Cross said the Tanzanian 

aaon Army, the PLOs military asasiant secretary of home affairs minister had asked 

0? the 9 000 Palestinian offices. for humanitarian affairs, and relief agencies if tirey could supply 
7 noo Yin hp S^SmPin David Rawson, U5. ambassador transportation and volunteer* to 

^ps^xSK^the Middle East ^ 

andtiie baknee from the West Rwa ^ m “> effort to But she said a higher pnonty 

Bank and Gaza. Some police offi- bl ^ CT P c f CIa ¥, now f ? the Red Cross was copmg 

cers will natrol inintlv Sih T^rfi Bat the latest diplomatic attempt with the unprecedented wave of 


^ajraintoabustiingnewcityof 

Relief workers say they arc for- bomb '” * e . .. Y! A Y 
ttrnate so fac that the Rwandans ' Even as they straggled to aooom- 


food, cooking utensils, even plastic tween Hntns an d Ttitsia in'aogh- yamgjtoanow ftaM SSmafiodf S- 


troops throughout the Middle East 
and the balance from the West 
Bank and Gaza. Some police offi- 
cers will patrol jointly with Israeli 
troops those roads used by both 
Palestinians and Jewish settlers, 
and others will be posted alongside 
Israelis at border crossings. 

Palestinians suspected of attack- 
ing Israelis will be interrogated by 
Israeli police officers with Palestin- 
ian officers present, and Israelis 
suspected by Palestinians will be 
interrogated in Israel with a Pales- 
tinian police officer present, Israel 
says. (Reuters. AFP, AP) 


sheeting to make tents. bpong ^Burundi aright- presage a j ipcZiom or ics mktear imtalla- 

"Wefre not dealing with a voy new refugee cnsB,:snnflai;to one' but abo is lxritfing out the 

SSTS?* 1 WSrf? prospect or quicfc^canostic and 

Sheila Wilson, of the Red Cross. 250,000 Buruntfians into Tanzania, ' potinCTl rewards for compliance 
"^Quite a lot of them have been rnastofvdxrahsrosuMXxetunied. '.Y^nn««ii«-"has tiv nhi»" 


political re wards for oonririiaince/ . 

Pyongyang has agreed to only 
limited ^international overs^itand 


from one of its reactors. 


w y M. --m . mm. . m 'W OI; IUU UVlil V 1 XV U 1 114 . 

Vote Count Is Stalled, but Not Mandela 

-7 North Korean news agency Toes- 


RAJ: Families of Princes Feud Over Palaces and Gems 


Comhmed from Page I beloved Rambagh Palace has been son of a prince should inherit all of 
lifestvle will no lomrer be availahlr tunicd » a botd "hen guests his father’s property under the cen- 
^Wlc^?hareS^ ^ K50 ran spend a ^dl^dprimog^ 

respect they used to have." ««5 m .** praufs® tor- aWings and wives 

thf! Mnhnrniflh nf Tninnr nierhr private suite; and the maha- should be given then; share under 


respect they used to have.” 


Wlu»n Ih. Milnnioh nf asaiy uuvaic 9 IUI 6 , U 1 U UK limits- auuniu Ub gi*cu UKU M 1 CUC Ui 

rajab’* dd« son and would^ more mod* Himta law. 
dnn in the loSfn Rriti«h neJ^L heir to the throne. Bhawani (Bub- As a result of thel^al fray, most 

£ WtetaST-Si ^ “ "coveriog ft™ a of dm.familrtiowd^dqis 
•TwSS. stroke that be says was at least paintings have been sealer 


Young Man Alive Comes to Britain 
— Vast Wealth — A Palace — And 
Two Lovely Wives ” 

Upon arriving at his Rambagh 


tat be says was at least paintings have been staled in 
brought on by the family strong rooms and storehouses for 
' r the past eight years, awaiting the 


By William Claiborne 

Was hin g to n Post Service 

JOHANNESBURG — The 
first meeting of South Africa's 
new legislature was postponed 
until Monday because of delays 
in coanting ballots cast in hot 
week’s first nonrarial election. 

But officials of the Transitional 
Executive Council, who an- 
nounced the postponement Tues- 
day, said it would not effect the 
scheduled inauguration of the 
new president, who is expected to 
be Nelson Mandela, leader of the 
African National Congress, the 
following day. 

The new National Assembly, 


Town on Monday, elect Mr. 
Mandda president and be in Pre- 
toria the next day for the inaugu- 
ration ceremony. . <- - 

The council also said that the 
first meetings of the nine provin- 
cial legislatures elected last week, 
which were scheduled for Thurs- 
day, wflj be moved back to Satur- 
day because of delays in coanting 
ballots. 

The Independent Electoral 
Commission said it had counted 
only 12 nriUkm ballots of a possi- 
ble 22.7 million cast for the 400- 
seat National Assembly. 

The ANC continued u> main- 


tain its OQmmandmg; lead, with 

by t£TbfatioiiaI Party of Presi- 
dent Frederik W. de Klerk, with 
222 percent 

Toe Zulu-based Inkatha Free- 
dom. Party, headed by Chief 
Mangosuthn Buthderi, was run- 
ning third, with 83 percent It 
was followed by the ri^itist Afri- 
kaner Freedom Front, with. 2.7 
percent; the predominantly white 
liberal Democratic Parly, 1.7 per- 
cent, and the militant Made na- 
tionalist Pan-Africanist Con- 
gress, 13 percent 

The two-thirds majority the 
ANC had sought appeared to be 


but.oT reach, since it woiild have 
to. win neatly three-quarters of- , 
the ' uncounted votes, assuming . 
.that all of the estimated 227 nril- 
Tltoririigible voters cast baHots- : . 
. A two-thirds m^'ority in the . 
tegislatnre would haw; aflowed ' 
ANC member? to amend South: 
Africa’s interim coastimtiaa m- : 
win.-. , •. . : ..- 

- Trends: in returns announced . ■ 
Tuesday by flw riaaoral cOTinris- • 
skm spggested that the ANCs ? 
majority was being trimmed - 
slightly by Inkatha, whose vote' 1 
share rose from 5.9 porcent to 83 ^ 
percent in 12 hours. The gam wa* ' 
attributed by analysts to results ; 
that continued totriddem from 


Upon amving at his Rambagh . To miderstand how the high omomne of rases thrn could lake 
Palacein Jarou? after her wedding falien so low, cacmoa exam- decades moreto wend through the 

in 1940, the maharajah's third wXl m ^ uneasy rdationshqj be- cumbersome Indian court system. 

Maharani Gayatri Devi, described *"?? ^ 

♦k- stricken natrons m the world and 


VOTE: For South Africa, Psychological Sea Change - Province. 

rnfin. I IW 1 onA Ac Km* . iUm ' It. j: .U r ' J . BUthekZT Tpefi- 


the Rowing cream-colored edifice 
as the “setting for some fabulous 
and imagined fairy tale.” 

Her private sitting room was 
filled with objels (Tart, which she 
detailed in her memoirs: “Small 
jeweled animals, rose quartz and 
jade, and curved daggers with 
white jade hilts carved to look like 
animal heads with jewels for eyes 
were displayed in glass cabinets. 
Jade boxes encrusted with semipre- 
cious stones in floral designs odd 
cigarettes, and heavy crystal bowls 
were filled with flowers." 

For the family that spent its days 
drinking gimlets on the wide veran- 
das, serving lavish meals at its 80- 
seat dining table and riding into the 
forests on tiger shoots, the fairy- 
tale existence has become a night- 
mare of accusations of theft, mis- 
management and money-grabbing. 

Most of the family’s jewels, 
paintings and carpets are sealed in 
six strong rooms and 17 ware- 
houses by orders of two coons; its 


stricken nations in the world and __ > ^ v _ v _ 

its princely past While London al- |4| |||A|4* 
lowed the royal families to main- Lfx T l i t 

tain their domains during British |j t > » • »r 

rale, the Indian government incor- tjU'Y€TS MJUfie UD 
porated their kingdoms into the ^ 
country after independence in Gontmoed from Page 1 
1947Jn return, they were allowed ^ UJS . ^ 

w keep their titles, some of thor undergoes reform. The re- 

palaces. many of thor jewels and form of the system is also attracting 
woe panted monthly allowances foreign buyers because they have 


called “privy purses/ 


more experience operating is Eu- 


Tfie U.S. international Marketing Center is 
sponsoring a complimentary seminar on: 

U.S. / U.K. Inheritance Laws 
and U.S. Estate Tax Planning 

Featured Sneakers: Jayne A. Hartley 
Attorney at Law 

David C. Hartwell 
Prudential Ins. Co. 
of America 

Nevin Overmliler 
Prudential Ins. Co. of 
America 


But, in the eariy 1970s, Prone rope's price-eon trolled environ- 
Mmister Indira Ghandi persuaded mcni. some aspects of which are are 
Parliament to enact a constitution- alreadv bane adapted lore, 
al amendment stripping the maha- * c 

rajas, maha ranis and nhaffn or Sanofi SA of France a part- 

their titles, privy purses and many subsidiaxy oT Elf .Aquitaine 

of their land holdings. .has a research alliance with 

About the same time, the Maha- Sterling Winthrop to devdop hean 
rajah of Jaipur died afer suffering a and cancer diagnostics, announced 
hean attack while playing polo in in Paris it was interested m taking 
England. He left no will, “P its option to acquire the pre- 

jlwjssws arggggf gyj 

dozens of other royal families, is a , qatmfilte wSSfuu 

' Separately, Bayer AG said it was 

interested in the over-the-counter 

— t ■-it-tt — dings, which would give the big 

I German chemicals company back 
Marketing Center tS 1 the trademark to its weD-known 

entsrysenumron: I 


Confimed from Page 1 
management and corruption in a 
government made up of people 
who have never before been al- 
lowed a whiff of official power. 
On that front, the foul-ups in the 
administration of last week's 
“people’s deed on” were not an 
encouraging start 

But some facets of South Afri- 
ca's transformation are already 
complete. Foremost is the lifting 
of a psychological albatross. 

There is already a efiebt for the 
new South Africa's self-image: It 
is the menial picture of a white 
woman and her black makL who, 
having spent their lives under the 
same roof, are Finally doing 
something together as equals: 
waiting in an impossibly long line 
to vote. 

For blacks, the attainment of 
dignity after centuries of struggle 
will not bring houses or jobs, but 
it may bring something even 
more important — a readiness at 
last to think of themselves as 
Sooth Africans. 

For whites, the lifting of the 
“white man’s burden” crackles 
with baric themes of redemption 


and liberation. As Ken Owen, the 
editor of Johannesburg’s Sunday 
Times, put it in his weekend col- 
umn: “One nation. Free. Free at 
guilt. Free, too, of a different, 
more crushing burden: the 
Northern Hemisphere heritage, 
the vanity and arrogance be- 
queathed to us by Europe.” 

Some of this may sound senti- 
mental; what is notable about 
South Africa’s makeover is that it 
is made of much harder stuff. It 
has been one of the most inielli- 

S tly managed political trans- 
nations in recent history. 
Frederik van Zyl Slabbert, 
Sooth Africa's leading white anti- 
apartheid politician during the 
1980s. remarked on television 
that what always bothered him 
about apartheid was its “massive 
assault on one's intelligence.’' 
The idea that a bureaucracy 
could keep the people of the same 
country together in economic ar- 
rangements but entirely span in 
all other realms, by testing the 
color of their skin and the kinki- 
ness of their hair, defied c omm on 
sense — never mxnd human dig- 
nity. 


The dismantling of apartheid day that (hoe were “irregularities 
has been fueled by more than all arounff! in the na^Sand. 
common sense; it has been apas- provincial elections, hot that :he 
ti£e of brilliant compromises. SJSdW^jndgment on > 
The most important was to ere-, whether voting was free and lair 
ate, for a period of at least five until afta the final results Were 
years, a government oT national known. ••• 

unity that wiH include all parties - „ . •' y m - a • 

that won at least 5 percent of the c , was grated that 

vote in the first post-apartheid Afnca s fon terocraxtc 

.election. Behind tins arrangement Pf®f*toPy» dc ^ te 

fies a new culture of rwoneffia- the aD^ iin«ukntK^juidJ» , 


lion, built up over a decade from Ire wwdd he wiOhm to 

a standing start by whites and ^ve m a ^eminent foar«d by 


bladCS * yypiniiltwri (0 talking lly-jr 

way out of apartheid’s blind al- 
ley. 

Postcolonial Africa's greatest 
political problem has been bow to 
accommodate the interests of dis- 
affected ethnic minorities. Here 
in South Africa, two minorities — 
white Afrikaner settlers and 
black Zulu traditionalists — 
threatened for a time to wreck the 
transition. The induceraenl that 
brought all but tbc most extrem- 
ist elements into the campaign 


was the realization that they did 
not have to win; they could have 


the rival ANC - 

Under the constitution, any 
party receiving 5 percent of the 
vote is entitled to cabinet repre- 
sentation, and Chief Butheferi 
has frequently been mentioned 
for one of the three deputy pres** 
dent petitions or some other cab- 
inet post. 

A group of Commonwealth 
election obsovers repeated that it 
found that the election was a 
"free and clear expression of the 
win of the South African people* 
and that the outcome was the 
resit of a “credible democratic. 


North Korean news agency Tues- 
day, a Foreign Ministry spokesman 
| a^earcdto rricct areqiKst by the 
International Atomic Energy 
Agency fw fnfl access to fuel smn- 
pte during- tberrfnefmg operation. 
V ' ^rhc ^ncy secretariat “is raising 
an ameasanabie demand for select- 
ing, preservmg and measuring 
'smnematfitetimeiaftiKrexdace- 
ment <rf the fuel rod,” the ministry 
spokesman .said. Such measuro- 
1 meat “can never be allowed” and 
the demand was proof of partiality 
4gamMN(^th4porca,be said. 

. • : Unless North pamte rndni- 
- taring of removed fad rotfc this 
mcnlh,. Mb Perry . mid Tuesday, 
Watitington will goto ihe UN for - 
theconaderaticm ofsanctions-Thc 
• Umtcd^tales, :howe^1m“no 
mte&tiou af bang provocative," he 
said. Norfli Korea s reference to an 
“actof wm,”hesaid,“isprobably 
another .example of excessive 
North Korean rhetoric, bnt as the 
recretary^of defense,- 1 have a re-. 
qHMKibffity to provide for the ade- 
quate readiness of US. mffitaiy 
forces in the face of such threats. .. 

; “Onr. forces have bom, are and 
will be reacfy.-to siect aiiy-cootin- 
gmey,” he added. , 

CHINA: 

Alarm, on Unrest 

Cdotfemed from Page 1 
entrepreneurs box left much of the 
rural areas poor. 

*Tbe intense oonfrast between a 
rapd.expansioa of ponsthner con- 
sciousness and comparatively- low 
incomer has caused sonre - of the 
peasantry , to. lose their psycboioB- 


a tiure of power just by compet- process, whkfi^ was substantially. 


The cogntiyad 
lemsoT murder, 
prostitution, kidn; 
and clnldren and 
said. 


le now has prob- 
ejqdosons, rape, 
apping oTwomen 
theft, the article 


of (he collapse of authority to be- 
rame “vfflage wariords, land war- 
lords, water; wailortte and grain- 


SWEDEN: A Once-Proud Welfare State Retreats as Economy: 


The Kodak move bad been fore- I 

seen, but Mariola Hager, medical contribution 
industry analyst at Salomon Broth- fold because 


Continued from Page 1 


new government incentives, and 


ers lnc ? said she wondered whether private pension plans have mushroomed to sup- 


its timing may have been pushed 
forward by Monday's announce- 


ni a stale r etire men t system that is itself 
overhauled. Taxes have fallen, and finan- 


ment that Roche Holding AG of dal markets have been loosened. 


Switzerland would pay S53 billion Even the crown jewel of Sweden's old system 
to Syntcx Crap., a troubled U3. — heavily subsidized government day care that 
drug company whose most profit- encouraged one of the highest female labor 
able patents are running out. force parti cipation rates indie developed world 

“Once one big company makes a - h» come under assaulL Subsidized but pri- 
deal aU the otiiaTSicrw more ^ managed <fay care has bam mfroduced 
quickly than vou expect. Three » compete with ttegoverament’sfa^tira 
from now mavcctoo late," 

Ms. Hager said. “The* whole icdus- peture: jobs. A htdfmffliw 

try is npc for consolidation, and Swedish j<*s hare vanished m the last three 

ttes is a fidd Kodak doesn’t under- ^ JoWtss 00 ^govermnem 

stand" WOT k programs are indeed, stands at 14 per- 




U.S. Embassy, 

24 Grosvenor Square, 
London W1A 1AE 

Thursday, May 12, 1994 
at 9:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. 


Phone; 071-495-2944 or Fax: 071-409-2927 
Write: Estate Planning Seminar, U.S, Embassy, 
24 Grosvenor Square, London WIA 1AE 


The article said there was “abso- 
midy rampant theft and robbery of 
important state engineering, oB 
field, decfiidfy and water conser- 
yancy equqjment, as wdl as rail- 
road and rngiswaymatmaL” 

-^Lbsl year, pstchcd battles dnrine 
about 600 dm folds resulted in 


tWth sodt large numbers of Swedes irisearch SSRS'SSmS^ 

■ SE3a?6H?Si*i 


&uui m auuusmng uonoic taxation^ company to-tfcw? it i*ui *vv 


y is troe for consolidation, and Swcdi^jobs havc vanished in the last three 

is is a fidd Kodak doesn’t under- ye ^ ^ J 0 ^ on ^govermnem 

S!K j - work programs are included, stands at 14 per- 

cent, a vast number compared with the virtual 
Ms. Hager said the larae Ameri- zero unemployment drat Sweden enjoyed for 
it drug companies, which have decades. 

en^comm| monitor the past Despite Mr. BiWt’s changes, the govem- 


can drug companies, winch have decades. 

been coming monnr for the past Despite Mr. BiWfs changes, the 
decade in the world's least con- meat's welfare-induced budget deficit 
trolled and most lucrative market, loaned to 15 percent cf gross domestic 
are already being forced to com- a kvd csually seen only on die etta 
pete by large managed care health Third World. That means no more jot 
companies that arc expected to be squeezed from Sweden’s longtime enm 
the heart of President Sffi Qin ton’s fountainhead, its public sector, 
health reform program. existing jobs win probably have to be 


means no more 


fountainhead, its public sector, and that n 
existing jobs will probably have to be cut. 


“Sweden has reached the end of the road," of paying welfare benefits for new wadsets, In^vramoaintteftaTvtv^hS^ 
declared an Organization for Economic Coop- smaBer^vcdah aMipanKS -«op growing and SSJ^SS*SriS ,ezy ^ 
eration and Deveknnneni analysis. “The need stop taking risks when tte toandhretenSy 60 

to rein in the public deficit effectively predudes acquires a good financial position, said Sven- °otucr- 

publk-scctor employment as a way oat of the Olof Lodin, an economist at the Federation Of 'road andMiw^v ? Ja “' 

corrent aitis." Swiedidi Industries.- tici vempS-dhntiw jj.. 

Moreover, Sweden's top4eavy private «e- - "Ift these comp a nies we have to gdgrow- - *bout ourmg 

tor, dominated by a relative handful of laige, ing." he sakL _ . • . ■ . ■ Se lOOdS^^^- 115 

croort-oricntcd cranpanfes, has been sla s h i n g . with such : large numbers of Swedes iasarch n, about 2.000 nSSt 

jobs at btmieaixl investing overseas to compete of woii for tte first time-in a germtion, te ■ -Air - j 

more effectively in the global economy. Boost- : adetoi, “it’s the moment, of .tmiijFili : theSticfc dcmaiSa^mSS? 
ed by a devalued Swemsh krona, profits and The BOdt government has tidten some steps down aaainst lawb^SS^S’ 
productivity are op at these multinational behe- : meam to eaooarage Swedish e ntrepr e iK airs. 'mpstlSdV 
moths, but even optimistic fmecasts see them such as abolishing doebk taxationrfcoiripaay to . rbr-W” it 
creating just 50,000 new Swedish jobs is the dividttda and lo<»taing some inv^^ not Vc mrft hthrT^i = an<b 

foreseeable future, a small fraction of the jobs trofa. But Sweden's overall tax burden ramaraS: _T J T a * L , 

that have been test since 1990. the highest in Europe. - V Y - ^ 

That leaves Sweden dependent on the capi- Sweden's body pofitic does not appe ar residy ^SS‘ st ^ WnxM ^ 

talbt wodd’s time-honored job^reation ma-.. to support many nwa .radicti.'eQonoimc 

dune: the risk-taking, swck-tradmg entrepxe- - qbanges. despate tbc severity ^f.4hc country’s CVcn 

neorial and snail business sector. /Tta.nnjht strncntrtii priftlems. ' . JC Y . : • . ~ tbe,r 

be fine— except Swedes does nert have sndta Opimoa pdls taken in. advance. rfAastatn- ^ to.bay 

sector. • Yber’simti<»iaIdectiaia|iorn^49wed®S^^: , ']^£^^ cr ^^ 

After decades of caw collaboration betweea.. lie that is fed up .witfr eyen^mode^ inaikrt- Y- . 

big labor and b^g business, “what you find Is " orieated.ctimge and d^nmingToc^-rdam to: ^ ™ 
that Swedish namifarinringislilaitelbrests-^^ paa. The ndOh Aar. fe loiHHy wt^nrtg last 

flare are a few big fir trees, but thaeVho' 1 nowK^oatSm * 
underbrutii,’’ jew! N ils Lundgren, due/ econo- theSrodidiWetfareslale,c6nrf^^^ Runl inmn^Twf rf , , 

mist at the giant Nordbanken group. But some analysts see the efcctkb asUnptafict- 7 921 7°*°. 

Because of high taxes and the heavy expense able at tins staff- V- Y;. '-;.Ty 


trofa. But Sweden's overall tax harden r rmain < 

the highest in Europe. - '* . *;« - ' . 


more radical economic 
sevoT^^thc couriry*s 


must not be soft in the least" 

amounts have been 

Mt oo nrhaaconstnBtioti imder 

thC Mw eamranic policies, many 
rannes, have been denied 


wiuign, ucafaic utc scmnyw.ioc country's 

structoral pn^ons. ' . Y •• ■’ ~ , ihatr ct ^. 

Optntoo-poBs taken in advanotof Septan^ w ™y 

ber'srmtiffliitideaioteiioro^nSwt^SE and other mate. 

Ec that is fed up .with., ewmodc^ mariat- v 

aneated.diange and d^aMmgfotAjetiini to: mm. 
tiie TfaT nnn, ■ £ 3- sy TMn ($270) fca 


Because of high taxes and the heavy expense able at tins stage. 


»• U "T.-- .— r--T' — -■ 
rr V-jrwi'T** 




".w.rv. * ~ 


, Jej)/ 







International Herald Tribune 
Wednesday ; May 4 t 1994 
Page 7 



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STAGE /ENTERTAINMENT 


Pa| 


Bob Kingdom in his one-man show M The Truman Capote Talk Show” at the Lyric Studio. 


In 'Love’s Labour,’ All Is Not Lost 


By Sheridan Morley 

International Herald Tribune 


L ONDON — “Low’s Umrt Lost 
has always been one of those relative- 
ly minor Shaicspcares much loved of 
directors wishing to confirm their 
own reputations r*»h*T than those of the au- 
thor. A thoroughly shaky court romance, it has 
never really established itself in audiences' af- 
fection, so most spectators remain perfectly 
happy to have it done under water or m space- 
suits, according to directorial whim. 

Ian Judge, with an enviable reputation as. the 
inati the Royal Shakespeare Company calls in 


arrival of the messengo’ with news of a royal 
death in Fiance and then, infinitely more shock- 
ing, the sudden sound of the guns in Flanders as 
the men promise to go into sexual hibe rnation, 
unaware that they will be called to die in the 
trenches before it is over. As the shadows length- 
en an the Oxford lawns, something more than 
love has been lost Even so. Judge manag es to 
end the evening with his ritual m usical 
“The Truman Capote Taft Show” (Lyric 
Hammersmith Studio) is the second attempt to 
give ns the whole truth. The earlier show, “Tru” 
with Robert Morse, won several Broadway 
awards but never crossed the Atlantic, so now we 
have the Wddi actor Bob Kingdom in the dark 


One dty’s record-breaking theatrical long- 
runner is unlikely ever to be another’s. “The 
y hav 




lj0P®ONTHEA'n!R ! 


glasses and the oversized trilby trying to recap- 
, In this be would seem 


Mousetrap” may have done more than *10 years 
in the West End. but has it ever survived even 
that many weeks anywhere else? The Ionesco 
double-bOJ that has been occupying a theater in 
Paris for going on 40 years has never found an 
equivalent tenure abroad. “The Fan las licks” 
may still be off-Broadway after more than a 
third of a century, but it was off the West End 
in about a month. Equally, James Sherman's 
“Bean Jest” now comes across the Atlantic 
from New York, where it is in its third year. The; 
Birmingham production over here has been 
lucky to survive three weeks at the Bloomsbury. 


the Barbican) in and aroundan Oxford college 
aroipd 1912. and the update wodcs a beat. Fizst . 
of aO.thcreisiheKingaf Navarre (Owen Teale) 
and the future queen of Irance (Jenny Quayle) 
leading a team of aristocrat visztoi^ including 
Daniel Massey’s superbly manic Don Armado; 
then there is a heme team of eccentric dons and 
ov er g ro w n choirboys (John Nonmngton, Ray- 
mond Bowen, Christopher Lusoombe). 

John Quota's college sets are enchanting, as 
are the r*rfn gmqTKit»s of a cast that seems to be 
constantly discovering a new period romance 
andjust waiting for Merchant/lvory to make the 
movie. Even so, the shadows darken: first the 


Thisis a minor onejoke comedy, renriniseem 
of very early Neil Simoa: An out-of-work actor 
is hired for the night by a girl who wants to keep 
il from her Orthodox parents that her real 
boyfriend is not Jewish. The actor isn’t either, 
but he at least has toured in “Fiddler on the 
Roof.” And that is more or less that, enough 
typing”) both get theirs again, as do Capote’s ^ .® a half-hour sitcom on a bad 

aunts, all of whom took the view that their sole * c ^ ev ^ion hut hardly enough to occupy 

even a hundred minutes m a ibeater plus inter- 
val. 


ture the essence of Chpotc. 
nor tq have been much helped by the Capote 
estate, winch las dearly not given him access to 
any direct quotation Erwn Capote’s work. 

.. Instead, we get Tni impressions plus all the 
old insults: Jacqueline Susann (“a truck driver 
m drag”) and Jack Kerouac (Sot writing but 


purpose in life was to let it pass them by. 

As Capote once said, writing is just gossip 
a permanent borne, and what we have 
i is more of a gossip than a drama: no real 


sense of why Capote mattered, just a mono- 
jofmsb 


Jogue made op of bis best one-liners as we wail 
for the ego to make its inevitable crash landing. 

read him rather^San spend an bewr or so in the 
company of a hugely t alented mimi c. 


A strcogcast led by Iibby Moms does its best 
topersuade os that this is something more than 
“Goess Who’s Coming to Dinner?” made over 
from black to Jewish, but the writing is so thin 
that yoo start to worry about those three years 
off-Broadway. Stffl, probably oo more alarming 
than the survival of “The Mousetrap" must be to 
an audience of Broadway theatergoers. 


Reformers From Old Opera Wars 


By David Stevens 

International Herald Tribune 


P ARIS — The whimsical 
deities of theater pro- 
gramming have arranged 
things so that two French 
operas bjr'oomposers not bom in 
France, in two different genres but 
almost exactly contemporary, have 
reappeared at tire sane time on two 
Pansstages. 

- GldcTs “Albeste/’ in its Fwich 
vendon of lTfocame to. ftp Opera 
Bastille in a new production shared 
with the Vienna F«twal anddje 
Berlin Staatsoper. At the Theatre 

dS Champs-Bys6es, t Griuy s 

-sfi&wjS 

years after its premieres in Fon- 
taineWean and Pans- 
But the umfymg B ^ 

♦ Jrie. for both composers ook 

to his own way, in a 

gs-ssasw 

tried to limit 

ssasaWB® 


mg situations, without interrupting 
the action or stifling it with super- 
fluous ornaments,” Cluck wrote in 
apreface to “Alceste.” Grttry sub- 
scribed to the same ideas and, in- 
deed, was in the ranks of the 
Ghxddsts against the backers of 
Picdnni in that typically French 
operatic war. Both also had the 
backing of Marie Antoinette, al- 
though Gludc died before that be- 
came a handicap, while Grfctry sor- 


and a troupe of names represent- 
ing OTwieinnf, mourners and in- 
fernal creatures. Secondary sing- 
ing roles — the priest of Apollo, 
Hercules, Evandre — appear only 
as illuminated faces suspended in 
the background. 


uncap, wmi 

vived with difficulty, but outlived 
rity of 18th 


5ih-ceatury cp- 


the popularity 
fcracomique. 

The staging of “Alceste” is in ihe 
handsof Achrm Freyer (with Maria 
Elena Amos as co-designer), whose 
imagin ation as a painter has been 
successfully applied to -woiks as 
disparate as wtixi’s “Die Freis- 
chfltz” and a trio ctf Ktf&p Glass 
operas. The problein in “Alastc” is 
that, while (Suck provides static of 
lofty eeprestiveness far the named 
couple who compete in tbdr-desire 
to me for each other, there is almost 
nothing in the way of theatrical 
action- 

FreyerV solution is to let AL 
ceste and Admetus be rdaiivdy 
static in the frame of a tableau rid 
in s^hb(tfs.of 4eath, with odor 
and movement supplied by the 
constant pr^ence of the chorus 



oos.noauc^ 

ashes' through ra_ 

jonal and 
& Eleven drea® 
(g landscape in 
1 Green and Lyle 

inny HoW 

»rge Jones ang 
Sam Moore with 
-Little Richard 
ier. Alien TwK- 
Adrins, Pam U. 
Tritt-CaintB^ 
Fools" with 

3 the Staple &s|r 

mart belt outTb« 


INVJ- 

(WB) : 

• s blue and 
3 in 1983> a 
that deser* 


island, its availability only as adif- 
fienh-to-find expfflsive import 
from Japan is an outra^raying (or 
conection.- The late debated and, 
for the moment, ©verioofced genius 
Jaeo went fretless and made the 
bass guitar respectable Here he is 
also an anangm, composeii leatkr 
and producer. Don Alia*P«of 
son. Randy Brecker andRm.Fad- 
ffc trumpets, Peter Erskme on 
drums. Tools Thidanafls,hannon- 
ica. and sted-dnimiwx Othdto 

Slineaux ia Gfl Evans-Qke fast 

company add up to ownf 

via hands ever assembled* umk 

0^ the old 

nticken-^Tbougb Sesp^sttwnh 
Jaoo’s solo .version 1 of/ 
TAuxaica” may mate^.^uitro 
^out and wave the, Strand 

Stripes'.'. 'v-- 


T HE vocal laurels at Sat- 
urday’s performance 
went to Framjoise Poflet 
in the title role. The 
French soprano’s expressiveness 
and nobOity of style was so on the 
maik it is a wonder she was not cast 
for h in Ihe first place, instead of 
being brought in to rescue perfor- 
mances abandoned by Mane Ew- 
ing- 

Gary Lakes was a stalwart Ad- 
metus, a role more nobly heroic in 
Gluck than the ambiguous origi- 
nal of Euripides, and Ren£ Massis, 
Philippe Bouillon, Jean-Luc Viala 
and Boris Martinovic provided 
solid support in other roles. 
Graeme Jenkins was the alert con- 
ductor. The Gluck venture with 
Freyer wil] be continued next sea- 
son with “Iphig&nie en Tauride,” 
the greatest of his French “re- 
form** operas. 

Grfetiy confined himself for ibe 
most put to comedy, and some- 
times to-JmocJemg down the walls 
between tragedy and comedy, but 
he saw no reason whatever to com- 
pete, with Gluck in the field of 
musical tragedy. But in a different 
Style, he was a vocal melodist with 
the same honesty of propose as 
Gluck, equally gifted at finding 
simple expression for lofty senti- 
ments or expressing simple plea- 
sures with 


The Belgian-born Andre- Er- 
nest-Modesle Gretry is so much 
the voice of pre- Revolutionary 
French opera comique that, when 
Tchaikovsky wanted a song for his 
old Countess in “Queen of 
Spades” to express her nostalgia 
tor her old days in Paris, he used 
an air from G re try’s “Richard 
Coeor-de-Kon.” 


In any case the composer’s par- 
ticular qualities are abundantly in 
evidence in “Z£mire et Azor," 
which is a reworking of the “Beauty 
and the Beast” legend. The special- 
ty of Drotmiogbobn is the preser- 
vation of the staging as it might 
have been in the time of the the- 
ater-loving Gustaf ID, although 
here it is credited to John Cox. The 
set, from the Drotrmngholra ware- 
house supplemented by Paul 
Brown, is an elegant interior 
amended by differing painted 
backdrops, and with elegant period 
costumes by Brown. 

It was all stylish and charming, 
and stylish, too, was the singing in 
Swedish translation (with some of 
MarmonteTs original text project- 
ed in surtities). Anna Ekhud-Tar- 
antino was begmliugly credible as 
the girl who sees through the 
beastly exterior of Bengt-OIa 
Morgny’s passionate Azor. and 
Carl Johan Faikman was a vocally 
strong as Zemire’s uncompre- 
hending father. 

Louis Langrfe got elegant play- 
ing from the Drottoinghoim or- 
chestra, and Kim Brandstrup cho- 
reographed the jolly final 
divertissement. Remaining Paris 
performances are May 4, 6 and 8. 


MikeZwarin,lHT 


Take a break 




Horn mi 05 



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A Voice Not Heard for Centuries 


By Robert L. Kroon 

Iniemmotal Herald Tribute 


N EUCHATEL, Switzerland — Forget 
about Pavarotti or Carreras. Discard Ma- 
ria Call as and Kiri Te Kanawa. Jean -Claude 
Gaberel, a Swiss musicologist and sound engi- 
neer, says no tenor or soprano alive could 
match the timbre, power and three-octave 
range of the legendary sopramsto Farindii 
(1705-1782), whose voice was idolized as “an- 
gelic, supernatural and enrapturing” by the 
tikes ol Handel, Mozan and Scarlatti. 

Farindii, whose real name was Carlo Bros- 
chi, put an indelible stamp on I Sth -century 
Europe’s musical culture, and his “angel 
sound” was credited with easing the persistent 

depressions of King Philip V of Spain. Angels 
being sexless, the comparison is remarkably 
apt, for Farineili’s vocal qualities were the re- 
sult of emasculation before puberty. This illegal 
sexual mutilation was long condoned by church 
leaders who fell the glorious result more th»n 
justified the means. 

The castrato voice was introduced in the late 
1 6th century, when women were banned from 
church choirs and, at least in areas under papal 
control, from the stage. Musically promising 7- 
or 8-year-old choirboys were virtually abducted 
and delivered to barbers or, in the best case, 
country surgeons, for removal of their testes 
and sperm ducts. Those who survived the or- 
deal were rewarded with free musical tutoring, 

and, in the case of Farinefli and others who 
reached the top rank, international fame. 

Gaberel says emasculation spawned tinging 
voices of uncommon range and flexibility. 

“As the castrati grew into often towering 
adults, their physical hulk, and lung capacity 
produced voices far more powerful than those 
of female or boy vocalists, 1, he said 
In 1902 Pope Leo XIII finally cracked down 
on emasculation and the last castrato anger, 
Alessandro Moreschi, died in 1923. There are 
still some recordings of Moreschi, but the quali- 
ty is terrible and Moreschi was a mediocre 
performer, so no one today really knows what 
the castrato stars like Farindii sounded like. 

This created a nagging problem for the Bel- 
gian moviemaker Girard Corbiau, who is film- 


ing a French- Belgian-Itahan co-production on 


the Hfe and times of FarineDL Enter Gaberel, 
46, a precision sound engineer who is also a 
music historian and a musician who studied the 
trumpet at the Neuchktel conservatoire. 

When an instrumental career seemed unre- 
warding, Gaberel opted for a microengineering 
job and he started his own business venture 20 
years ago as a recording engineer and designer 
of sound systems. 

Gaberd lives and works in a modest villa in 
the Jura mountain village of Fontaines. The 
walls of his living room walls are covered with 
3.000 classical CD disks and the basement sound 
lab is packed with $500,000 worth of computers 
and recording equipment. Studying the scores of 
operas sung by FarineDi with Corbiau, be quick- 
ly realized that no “sexually intact” contempo- 
rary singer could perform music that soared from 
tenor levels to coloratura trills. 

He briefly considered a computerized syn- 
thesis of the vocal part, but finally derided only 
a natural voice would do. 

Today you can find accomplished male fal- 
setto singers in classical and even pop music,” 
Gaberel said. “But the high falsetto pitch al- 


The legendary Farinelli: Idolized by Mozart and Handel. 


ways lacks the full-throated vibrato of a female 
soprano, or a castrato. for that matter. Con- 
versely, no soprano can match Farindli's coun- 
tertenor undertones. So I decided to use a male 
and a female voice and see if they could be 
electronically fused.” 

In February. Gaberd moved his digital re- 
corders to the French rily of Metz, where he 
made monophonic recordings (tf FarineDi arias 
sung successively by the Polish soprano Eva 
Godlewska and the American countertenor 
Derek Lee Ragm. plus a separate stereophonic 
recording of the orchestral score. The arias are 


that speaks your 

language. 


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from “Idaspe.” an opera composed for Farinelli 
bv Ins broiner. Riccardo BroschL 

Gaberd “fused” the resulting tracks in his 
studio with the hdp of a Macintosh computer, 
ring specially adapted software applications. 

Sar-ipling even the “unpolished” result of 
GabereTs labor is something of a musical reve- 
lation. The ethereal voice pouring out of his 
100-watt bates is neither disembodied nor syn- 
thetic, male nnr female. “Farinefli” is to be 
released in November. It should go a long way 
toward explaining why sexual mutilation for 
the sake of art cou ! d endure for so long. 


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International Herald Tribune, Wednesday, May 4, 1994 


Page 9 


international Herald ' 11 2.3b |p 

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: 1y a B teo^ Qggnries, compiled 

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( 



p» ncter tracts US. dotor values of stocks kv Tokyo, New York, London, ant 
wgwitina, Austraflo, Austria Mgtun, BnD, Canada, CtiBo, Danmarit, RntamJ, 
franca. Germany, Kong Kong, Italy, Mnfco, Nothortands, Now Ztotand, Nomay, 
Stngapom, Spain, 9 —da n , Swrttartand and Vnanwla. For Tokyo, New Yot end 
London, the hdox h composed d toe SO top Issues in awns ot marital captatataton, 
attendee the ton tap stocks on necked. 


1 tndustriat Sectors | 


Tue.Pi * l % 

wiry** ckm ctaHQi 


Ti» 

dm 

Ak 

dm 

% 

dang* 

Bwgy 

110H2 11052 -0.45 

Captef Goods 

113.46 

11303 

+038 

UnSties 

118J99 119.73 -0£2 

RnlMiMi 

12555 

12S33 

-0.06 

Rnance 

116.72 116.47 +021 

Consumer Goods 

99.70 

99.54 

+0.16 

Santos 

116.75 11727 -a44 

HscsRsnsous 

125 33 

127.07 

-1 37 

For maw information about foe Max, a booklet Is av&abfefme of charge. 

Write to Tti> Index, 181 Avenue Gterfes de Gau&e, 92521 Neutoy Codex, France- 





... .. vv'si/; 




OR&doSaFtHiys 







The Nr* Y<*1 T lines 


Murky Outlook at Fininvest 


By John Tagliabue 

Sew York Tunes Service 

ROME — With Silvio Berlusconi set to become 
Italy’s next prime minister, his future seems clear. 
What is perhaps less clear is the future of the 
company he owns, Fininvest SpA. 

while Mr. Berlusconi struggles to assemble 'a 
cabinet, Fininvest is struggling with $2.3 billion of 
deblamassed during its heady growth years in the 

While his political aides work to transform Italy, 
Fininvest — wbose-37 billion in sales makes it 
Italy’s second-largest nonstate-con trolled compa- 
ny after Fiat SpA and Europe's second- largest 
media group after Bertelsmann AG of Germany — 
is struggling to transform itself. 

This has put Fininvest ai the heart of a bitter 
debate. After all, Mr. Berlusconi's critics say, isn't 


his becoming prime minister a bit like Ted Turner. 

' Titmer Broadcasting, becoming presi- 


the head of 

dent of the United Stales and still keeping control 
of his television stations? 

Actually, it's more than Lbat. Fininvest. in addi- 
tion to controlling roughly half of ] laly’s television 
market, controls the publishing houses Moodadori 
and Einaudi, 34 magazines, a few daily newspa- 
pers, financial services companies, a department 
store chain called Standa with 15,000 employees, 
and champion soccer, hockey and handball teams. 

To get Italy’s economy purring again, Mr. Ber- 


lusconi, who sloped down as Fininvest's chair- 

politics 


man to enter politics, has pledged to deregulate 
vast areas of business, from telecommunications to 
financial services to retail trade. The problem is 


See BERLUSCONI, Page 11 


Drug Companies Move 
Toward Consolidation 


Wave of Transactions 

Reflects Market Shifts 


Sm ithKline to Buy 

Prescription Concern 


China Abstains from Key ADB Vote 




O I r ue ma norial Herald Tribune 


By Jon Liden 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

NICE — Annoyed over what it 
sees as an attempt by Western 
countries to put conditions on 
loans from (he Asian Development 
Bank, China has abstained from 
voting on a doubling of the bank's 
capital, delegation sources at the 
bank’s annual meeting here said 
Tuesday. 

In doing so, China has opened 
up another front in wfaat increas- 
ingly appears to be an East-West 
battle over how to develop the fast- 
growing Pacific basin radon. 

The move by China followed a 
decision by the foiled Stares to 
take a more active role in the bank. 


ending its opposition to the capital 
increase but calling for a linkage 
between bank spending and social 
and environmental issues. The 
ADB has reached the ceiling of its 
lending capacity and is preparing 
to double its authorized capital to 
S47 billion this year. 

That U.S. turnaround, which 
was meant to be constructive, in- 
stead has polarized the bank's fi- 
nancing member countries, some 
officials said. 

“It was meant to bring the bank 
forward, but it may turn out to be a 
step backward instead," an ADB 
official said. 

Member countries have until 
May 22 to vote on the resolution 


increasing the bank's capital, and 
75 percent of the votes must ap- 
prove the measure for it to go for- 
ward. 

Mitsuo Sato, the president of the 
bank, said be was confident that 
the resolution would win approval, 
buL be conceded that he would have 
to spend a lot of time mending 
fences in the months to come. He 
tried to minimize the importance of 
China’s abstention. 


“China has supported the issue 
of a capital increase, but not the 
linkage,” Mr. Sato said. “By ab- 
staining, it wants to make a point. 


See ADB, Page 10 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispochcs 

LONDON — The world's leading dreg companies, 
under pressure as never before from falling prices and 
slowing sales, are reshaping themselves through take- 
overs and alliances. 

The Anglo-American giant SmithKline Beecham 
PLC on Tuesday unveiled plans to buy the American 
drug distributor Diversified Pharmaceutical Services 
Inc.; on the same day, Eastman Kodak Co. announced 
plans to sell its drug unit Sterling Wimhrop; and on 
Monday. Roche Holding Ltd. of Switzerland launched 
an agreed S53 billion takeover bid for Syntex Carp, of 
the United States. 

Analysts said the moves underlined the growing 
urgency among companies in the S200 biDion-a-year 
global industry to shore up profitability. 

“We all know that the environment in which we 
work is changing rapidly,** SmithKline’s chief execu- 
tive. Jan Leschly. said. 

“The winners will position themselves to capitalize 
upon those change Those who fail to adapt will lose.*’ 

Analysts said more agreements like those seen this 
week were inevitable in the fragmented drugs indus- 
try. where the global leader, Merck & Co. of the 
United States, has a market share of less than 5 
percent 

Prices of British drug companies rose sharply on 
London’s stock exchange Tuesday in response to that 
prospect SmithKline rose 23 pence to 413 pence 
(S6.25) a share, Glaxo Holdings PLC gained S to 585, 
and Wellcome PLC jumped 21 to 5451 

Companies such as Upjohn Co. and Marion Merrell 
Dow Inc. in America and Fisons PLC in Britain, 
which are struggling to replace aging dregs from a 
weak research pipeline, are seen as possible takeover 
targets. 

But the industrywide shake-up will not be limited to 
the kind of fuD- fledged mergers that created Smith- 
KJine Beecham and Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. in the 
1980s, analysis say. 

Many companies w3I opt instead for alliances de- 
signed to spread themselves across the sector, from 
dreg production to distribution. 

SnuthKIine’s purchase of DPS and Pfizer Inc’s 
link-up with a so-called pharmacy benefit manager. 
Value Health Inc., also announced on Tuesday, have 
exactly this objective. 

It costs an average of around $250 milli on to bring a 
new pharmaceutical product to market. In a major 
report just out, analysts at Lehman Brothers calculate 
that the world drugs market would have to grow by 9.4 
percent a year for the rest of the decade just to 
generate what it calls a “satisfactory” 10 percent 
return op investment in research and development. 

In fact, however, Lehman predicts that sales growth 
will slow to 5 percent annually over the next five years 

Its conclusion, based on those numbers, is that the 
industry needs to save $40 billion a year in costs — 

fReuren. Bloomberg 


The Associated Press 

PHILADELPHIA — SmithKline Beecham PLC 
joined drug companies entering the managed health 
care field Tuesday, announcing plans to purchase 
Diversified Pharmaceutical Semces Inc. for $23 bil- 
lion in cash. 

Diversified, based in Bloomington. Minnesota, 
manages prescription drug benefits for 11 million 
people in the United States. 

London-based SnnihKIine Beecham, whose U.S. 

headquarters is in Philadelphia, also reached a six-year 
agreement for exclusive rights to disease management 
data from health management organizations, or 
HMOs, owned by Diversified’s parent company. 
United Healthcare Corp. SmithKline is the world's 
third-largest pharmaceutical company, with 1993 sties 
of $9.1 billion. 

“The pharmaceutical market is changing in the 
United States,” said Joe Riccardo, an industry analyst 
with Bear Steams & Co. Pharmaceutical benefit man- 
agement companies such as Diversified will play an 
increasingly important role in the selection of pre- 
scription drugs, he said. 

The union with SmithKline Beecham will enable 
Diversified to market its pharmaceutical and medical 
diagnostic programs outside the United States, United 
HealtbCare’s chairman. Dr. William W. McGuire, 
said. 

The pharmaceutical maker gains a foothold in the 
growing managed-drug benefits field, an industry 
which has expanded fivefold since 1989 and now 
covers 50 million people in the United States, accord- 
ing to SnnthKlme Beecham. 

SmithKline Beecham products mil also be available 
at a discount to consumers involved in Diversified 
drug benefit plans, Mr. Riccardo said. Drug spending 
on behalf of Diversified customers totaled almost $2 
trillion last year and involve 30,000 pharmacies across 
the United States. 

In a similar move Tuesday, Pfizer Inc., the pharma- 
ceutical firm, and Value Health Inc., a manag ed health 
care provider, said they had entered into a SI 00 
million joint venture. 

Pfizer and Value Health said that their joint ven- 
ture, funded equally by both companies, will develop 
health-care businesses focusing on diseases such as 
cancer, diabetes and heart disease. The venture will 
also Torm businesses (dated to high-cost medical pro- 
cedures, like transplants and joint implants. 

In another part of the deal Pfizer products will be 
assured positions on Value Health’s lists of approved 
prescription dregs. Value Health will also develop pro- 
grams designed to encourage use of Pfizer products. 

The New Jersey-based pharmaceutical maker 


Merck & Co. started the trend last year when it bought 

entSer- 


a mail-order drug company, Medco Con tainmen t ; __ 
vices Idcl. for $6 billion. Medco also manages drug 
benefits plans. 


MEDIA MARKETS 


The Highway to Where? 


By Lawrence Malkin 

International Herald Tribune 

N EW YORK — Not even the most bril- 
liant engineers of the information su- 
perhighway know its final destination 
or bow it will get there, but some of 
them are trying to draw a road map. No ea sy tas k 
for a network dchyering information on demand 
through 500 television channels. 

Who really wants that much? How would some- 
one at the end of a terminal choose what he wanted 
anyway? Or is this dicbfc just a bunch of hype? 
Answers are beginning to emerge, and the cross- 
cnltural linkups are nothing ever seen before. 

Whatever shape it takes, the system wffl be 
broader than France’s successful Minitd, which 
probably wfll go down in Mstoty as a commercial 
■pioneer in interactive communications But the 

Minitd appears to have both the logic and thehrats 

ci a loot straight French route natimak, offering 
computer access to users for eyoytjring from warn 
schedules to off-color conversations but esrentialiy a 
service to provide information from data backs or, 

at most, a link to another interiorato. 

IB impdos is a 

ggsssg 

«-honk is a nriority of the entrant administration. 

if experimental networks re 
nirwidv being being organized in America. Silico n 

^sS^paper, the San Josc M^- 
» "“"O* York City with 150 


Sdmof Ncw York Gty with 150 


equivalent of 500 movies, which up to 1,000 sub- 
scribers will be able to call to their home screens. 

In the Saguenay region of Quebec, a consortium 
of live companies is planning cabled access next 
year to 34,000 Canadian households to lap bank 
accounts, order Irom shopping catalogues, see 
movies on demand, make individual computer 
linkups, and even play (he provincial lottery. The 
sponsors have very little idea whether the custom- 
ers really want all these services by wire in their 
homes, and this is a marketing test to find out. 

Several dozen of the most advanced brains and 
(be deepest business pockets gathered recently for 
ah ann ual conference on such questions, organized 
by die show-business newspaper Variety and by 
Wertheim, Sdrroeder & Co. Werthtim, Schroeder 
is one of the inaeasng number of WaU Street 
investment bouses with expertise in the field of 
what Reed Htmdt, chairman of the Federal Com- 
munications Commission, called the global infor- 
mation infrastructure. 

They agreed on only one tiring: The highway is 
coming, and any business that refuses to admit it 
faces bankruptcy. The convergence of tedmology 
is already undo' way in telecommunications, 
warned Raymond W. Smith of BeE Atlantic Corp^ 
who is yytrfBtig for smaller deals following the 
failure of bis company’s proposed merger with 
Tde-Commumcathms Inc_ the largest cable televi- 
sion company in the United States. 

“Mr. Smith's model was the already familiar 
integration in offices everywhere of the telephone, 
the fax machine, the computer, and the office 
copier, “winch wfil merge into (me system." he 
predicted, along with the companies that now 
produce them. 

In due coarse, he said the [combination of fiber- 
optics, microprocessors, digital switches and video 




Bee HIGHWAY, Page 12 


Founder 
Of Hyundai 
Bows Out 


Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

SEOUL — Chung Ju Yung, 
founder and honorary chairman of 
the Hyundai conglomerate said 
Tuesday he would retire from busi- 
ness and spend the rest of his life 
fanning 

"I am making a clean break with 
the group,” he said. 

Mr. Chung's announcement 
came days before he was to face an 
appeals court trial on charges of 
diverting $60 million in company 
funds to his 1992 presidential cam- 
paign. He was found guilty of the 
charges and sentenced to three 
years in prison by a lower court. 

Since losing in the 1992 presi- 
dential elections as a distant third, 
Mr. Chung has been under govern- 
ment pressure to retire from Hyun- 
dai as well as politics. 

Hyundai officials have com- 
plained that they have suffered 
from alleged government retalia- 
tion as a result of Mr. Chung's 
refusal so far to leave Hyundai. 

They argue that Hyundai has un- 
fairly been denied preferential gov- 
ernment loans available to other 
businesses and banned from secur- 
ing funds by issuing bonds in both 
the domestic and foreign markets. 

Hyundai produces cars, comput- 
ers, ships, semiconductors and elec- 
tronic goods. (AP, AFP ) 


Our Philosophy of Banking 

Goes Back 4,000 Years. 



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UrS. dollars per ounce Lentonoffldaffle- 
hwZtirtoiandN*»YH*<g>eritn9ondck» 
hi Obrkmsj New York Comex (June) 
Source: Reuters. 



I t was the ancient Traders 
who first escablished 
many of today’s banking 
practices. They accepted 
funds for safekeeping. 
Bartered goods for services. 
And extended credit. Ir was 
a business based on trust, 
and a handshake contract 
was binding. 

The world has changed 
immeasurably since then, 
but Republic National Bank 
still holds to the principles 


established nearly four mil- 
lennia ago. 

We believe in the primacy 
of personal relationships, the 
importance of trust and the 
protection of depositors* 
funds. This emphasis has 
made us one of the world’s 
leading private banks. 

As a subsidiary of Safra 
Republic Holdings S.A. and 
an affiliate of Republic New 
York Corporation, we’re 
part of a global group with 


more than US$5.6 billion 
in capital and US$50 billion 
in assets. These assets con- 
tinue to grow substantially, 
a testament to the group’s 
strong balance sheet, risk- 
averse orientation and 
century-old heritage. 

Though cuneiform tablets 
have given way to modem 
computers, the timeless qual- 
ities of safety, service and 
personal integrity will always 
be at the heart of our bank. 


REPUBLIC NATIONAL RANK 
OF NEW YORK (SUISSE) SA 


A SAFRA BANK 


Timeless values. Traditional Strength, 


HEAD OFFICE GEN EVA 1204 - 2. PLACE DU LAC ■ TEL. i022i 705 55 55 - FOREX: <022) 705 $5 50 AND GENEVA 1201 • 2. RUE DR. ALFRED- VINCE NT (CORNER 
OUAI DU MONT-BLANC i BRANCHES: LUGANO S90I - I, VIA CANOVA - TEL. i09l J Z3 B5 32 - ZURICH 8039 • STOCKS RSTRASSE 37 - TEL <01 1 286 18 18 ■ 
GUERNSEY • RUE DU PftE • ST PETER PORT - TEL. i4BI > 711 7BI AFFILIATE REPUBLIC NATIONAL BANK OF NEW YORK IN NEW YORK OTHER LOCATIONS: 
GIBRALTAR - GUERNSEY ■ LONDON ■ LUXEMBOURG ■ MILAN • MONTE CARLO • PARIS "-SEVERIT HILLS ■ CAYMAN ISLANDS - U>5 ANGELES ■ MEXICO CdT - MIAMI • 
MONTREAL • NASSAU - HEW YORK • BUENOS AIRES - CARACAS ■ MONTEVIDEO * PUNTA DEL ESTE * B|0 DE JANEIRO ■ SANTIAGO - BEIRUT • BEUING ■ HONG KONG ■ 

JAKARTA ■ SINGAPORE • TAIPEI • TOKYO 


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Page 10 




Dollar Tumbles 
As Fed Is Absent 


Bloomberg Business Wnri 

NEW YORK —The dollar [ell 
to a six-month low against the 
Deutsche mart and slumped to- 
ward record lows against the yen 
Tuesday as traders questioned the 
UJ3. government's commitment to 
defending its currency. 

The dollar slid to 1.6370 DM 
Tuesday from 1.6474 Monday and 
10 101.00 yen From 101.635. hover- 
ing close to the postwar record low 


Foreign Exchange 


or 10035. set last August. The dol- 
lar fell to I J958 Swiss francs from 
1.4020 francs and to 5.6103 French 
francs from 5.6410 francs. The 
pound slipped to SI. 5 135 from 
51.5155. 

The Federal Reserve intervened 
to support the dollar against (he 
mark and yen on Friday, but the 
central bank has made no such ef- 
fort since, traders said. 

“People don’t think the Fed is 
serious about defending the dol- 
lar." said Chris Iggo. international 
economist at Chase Manhattan 
Bank. “As long as it’s orderly, the 
Fed seems willing to let the dollar 

fan." 

Analysis said the suspected the 
Fed would buy dollars again only if 
stock and Treasury bond markets 
go into a tailspin. 

Until then, the dollar is likely to 
suffer as more traders lose Tailh in 
the U.S. currency, traders said. 

“There’s real anti-dollar senti- 
ment out there right now." said 
Dave Glowacki. a trader at NBD 


Kodak Provides a Lift 
For Blue Chip Stocks 


Compiled fa Our Stuff From Dispatches 
NEW YORK — Blue-chip 
stocks closed higher Tuesday, get- 
ting a boost from Eastman Kodak, 
but the broader market failed to 
pick up on die rise. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age closed up 13.39 points at 
3,714.41. but losing issues on the 


U.S. Stocks 


New York Stock Exchange out- 


paced gaining ones by an 1 1-to-lG 
ratio. Volume on the Big Board was 


ratio. Volume on the Big Board was 
291.89 million shares. 

Stock buying enthusiasm was 
dulled by weakness in the Treasury 
bond market where the yield of the 
benchmark 30-year issue rose to 735 
percent from 733 percent Monday. 

The bond market was weighed 
down by an increase in i he govern- 
ment’s ieading economic indicator 
index for March. Bond traders tend 
to read the potential for inflation 


into reports of economic growth, 
and inflation erodes the value of 


and inflation erodes the value of 
fixed-income securities. 


Bui the blue-chips shrugged off 
the bond weakness, led by Kodak's 
jump of 13k to 461-4 after it an- 
nounced plans to sell its Sterling 
Winlhrop drug unit and two other 
divisions. 

The most heavily Lraded NYSE 
issue was Syntex. which finished 
steady at 234. The stock had 
surged Monday in reaction to the 
announcement'! hat Roche Holding 
will buy the drug maker. 

Shares of Time Warner surged 3 51 * 
to 394 in active trading amid specu- 
lation that the entertainment com- 
pany’s largest shareholder, the 
Brcmfman family of Canada, would 
soon increase its nearly 15 percent 
stake in the company. About 3.9 
million shares of Tune Warner 
changed hands, about three limes 
the average daily volume. 

The Bronfmans, who already 
control Seagram Co., may be con- 
sidering a sale of all or part of their 
S9.7 billion stake in DuPont Co. in 
order to finance a S55 per share 
acquisition of Time Warner, trad- 
ers said. (A P. Bloomberg) 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


A pence France Pwvc Mc- 
QoaeFrtv. 


Helsinki 


Amer-Yhlvmo 
Enso-Gutzeit 31 
Huhtamoki 
icap. 

K.vmmene 

Melro 

Nokia 

Pohlola 

Reeota 

Stockmann 

preview : TB4Z.li 


139 137 

38.10 38-50- 
213 213 

12 11.90 
107 109 

193 205 

450 454 

*5 95 

95 9*90 
237 230 


Hong Kong 

Bfc East Alla 3223 
Cathay Pacific It 
Cheung Hong 35325 
China Light Pwr 39 JO 
Dairy Farm inn 11 
Man® Luna Dev 1240 
Hang Seng Dank 50 
Henarrvxi Land J72S 
HK Air Ena. 4IJO 

HK China Got i» 

HK Electric 22 

HK Land 2040 

HK Realfy Trust 21 JO 

HSBC Holding* 0350 
HK Shcno Hill 11.40 

HK Telecomm 14 40 
HK Ferry 9.90 

Mulch Whampoa 29.70 


Brussels 


AG Fin 

Artoed 

Barca 

Bekaert 

Cockerill 


Demote 

EirciraoeJ 

GIB 

GBL 

Cevoert 

KrcdlelDonli 

Pet retina 

Pnwevfln 

Paval Beige 


2440 75W 
49M 4*00 
2SW :<*5 
TWO 3*453 
192 191 

5950 £9*J 

1374 13*a 

*ro 42so 

7575 »r-c 
UK. 430 
10325 10050 
71*8 7000 
10730 lOt’S 
349C 3450 
StW St!D 


H»san Dev 20.70 

Jardlne Math. 51 JO 

JorelneStrMtd J7.SO 

Kowloon .Valor M-W) 

vendor In Orlrn! 9 80 
V.iramcr Hotel 71.10 
New World Dev 22.90 
SHKPrxsn 44 2! 

5re<u» J30 

Swire P« A SS 

”01 Cheung Pro* 10 40 
TVE 340 

WhartHold 2BJ0 
Wing On Co mil 12J0 
Winter Ind. 1 1 JO 

Hang Seng Index : un i 
Previous : K7V9JO 






INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY, MAY 1994 


^ ••L' 


U.8./AT IWgSjj .Jllg 


Alar- 


Via Ajvodaled ten 


Dow Jones Averages 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


Daily dosings of the 
Dow dories industrial average 


Open High Lew Last 


Metals 


Htah Low Las! Settle Oita* 


Indus 3709.45 37U.1I 3*03.48 J714.4I -13. 39 
TrtlflS 164*44 1647.99 1640.93 1646.44 —1.11 
Dill 197,73 197.80 195.74 I SUM -1M 


ComO I31&J1 1316.19 1 JOSllA 1316.14 - 1J6 


Bank in Detroit. “No one wants to 
buy it-" , , 

The dollar's decline accelerated 
after the Treasury secretary, Lloyd 
Bentseo. resumed pressure oa Ja- 
pan to reduce its trade surplus with 
the United States. 

“Bentsen’s tough talk on Japan 
indicates that the administration 
isn’t going to defend a certain ex- 
change rate.” said Amy Smith, cur- 
rency-market strategist at IDEA, a 
consulting firm. 

The dollar often falls when the 
U.S. turns up the heal on Japan, as 
traders bet that the government 
will resume calls for a strong yen. 
The dollar fell as much as 20 per- 
cent last year after the government 
hinted that a strong yen would curb 
Japan’s trade surplus by making 
the country's exports more costly. 

Signs of "life in the German econ- 
omy also weighed on the dollar, 
traders said. The country's eco- 
nomics ministry said March indus- 
trial output figures for western 
Germany would be revised to show 
a gain of as much as 3 percent after 
a preliminary report Tuesday 
showed a 0.8 percent decline. 

With stronger growth, the 
Bundesbank will be under less 
pressure lo cut interest rates, a 
move that usually makes mark-de- 
nominated assets’ less attractive. 

“The dollar is a hot potato right 
now.” said David Durst a trader at 
Bear Steams & Co. “People buy it 
lose a little money, and get rid of it. 
No speculators are interested in 
holding onto it for any amount of 



Standard & Poors Indexes 


High low Lost eng. 


SP too 

SP500 

industrials 
Tran so 
iJtOlfkes 
Finance 


4I8.BS 41555 417.97 -0.01 
453.98 45051 453.33 -0.01 
529.15 525.13 52BJC -»■« 
397.45 39106 39*20 — 0J7 
159 JO 157.56 1P.97 —0.77 
43.74 OA9 43.69 -O.P» 


NYSE Indexes 


3660. 


ComuOTiie 

Industrials 

Transo. 

UlUily 

Finance 


251.81 250.25 251-34 —0.04 
309 94 307.95 309. sj -0.14 
25230 250.47 251.25 — OAS 
21118 911.25 III 44 —1 0» 
20937 70873 209 J» -QJO 


Close 
Bta ASK 
ALUMINUM (Nigh Grade) 
Dollars per melrictofl 
Soal tjoun 179100 

Forward 1317.50 131830 

COPPER CATHODES (High 
Dalian per metric ten 

Spat 1947X0 I94AOO 

Forward 1944 JO 1945J0 

LEAD 

Da I tan per metric wn 

spat 457.00 45&OD 

Forward 47150 4740Q 

NICKEL . 

Dollars per metric Ion 
ScXX 551 MO 5525.00 

Forward 559100 SSVJH 

TIN 

Dalian per metric ton 
Spot 537500 538800 

Forward 5440310 5450 JO 

21 NC (Special Htati Grade) 
Dalian per metric ton 
Spot 931.00 93200 

Forward -»S3J» 954 JO 


Previous 
Bid Ash 


1201.00 1202 OT 
130*30 1307XW 
Grade) 


193650 193750 
1952.00 195X00 


454 JW 45100 
469.00 47TUW 


5520 JO 5525 AO 
5590.00 5J95X0 


5395 JO S4BJ0 
544000 54703)0 


I53JD 152JJ0 12230 13250 + 22S 

SS 15425 15125 15175 ISAM + 2-X 

o a 15450 155.75 15625 1S*3U 4-275 

ug. 158 on 15800 158.00 15BJ0 + 175 

Me 16000 15950 TtiLH IMA +2M 

Jan 160-50 ISMS TMjQS IMU5 + 230 

Feb 160 -DC 1*000 16000 M + 2£ 

Mar N.T. N.T. N.T. J5B2S + 125 

ESI. volume: 12279 . Open ini. 104366 

BRENT CRUDE OIL (IPE) . , 

ua dailars per buuet Hull of U» Barren 
JM 15 AS 15.15 1153 153* — MS 

j” 1567 15J8 1147 WM-m 

Aug 1538 I US \5M 1141 -007 

sST ?4S5 JL38 1445 1445 UndL 

Oct 15-56 15.45 1549 1&J0 —0.04 

Nov 15-56 1SA5 15-57 1244 — 804 

rw 1260 1244 1244 1245 — 003 

j5J 1257 1535 1255 1240 -003 

Fed 1530 1535 1535 1250 -003 

Est. volume: 43456. Open W. 161599 


Data Show Economyml^p r 

WASHINGTON (NYT) — In a Jam rebound frea the «ff^ } A /l§l 

- tiip Piwemmenis chief ecouoDnn-f6reoKti« B ^» URr-' 


fe'EV P* 


WASHINGTON (NYT) - 1> * *9 fori > 

winter storms, the government s 

jumped seven-tenths of i percent in March, the etghth scraight ^g ' v 

without a decline. -■ i'.'*-/ :. I ^y' f - v' '' 

though the Commerce Deparunait report Tuesday was in - * 

expectations, economists said tfie rise in the' UHtt t ? . ' • : - ' 

provided pacedu ^* * * ’. i . 

71 






moo moo 

95200 954J0 


Stock Indexes 


fait Disney to Offer 

BURBANK, California (Bloomberg) — Walt Disney - 

aesday that it was entering the market for family cnrisesandrilmi^-^ ^ ^ u ' \ . . r .-.: 
unch its own line by 1998. v' ' ' ” "! y 

nisnev will include cruises as part of one- week vacation padtaMiti; ipL:x 


N D J F M A M. 
1999 19« 


NASDAQ Indexes 


Rnancial 

Hlgti Law Close Change 
MMONTH STERLING (LIFFE) 
csoomo - pis of in pet 


High low Close Change 
FT5E IIQtLIFFE) 

05 per IrnfCJi point 

jn 3140.0 30600 3D91 J —420 

Sea 3123.0 3109 J 3109.0 —425 

Me H.T. N.T. 3130J5 -420 


Law Last dig. 


NYSE Most Actives 


CamPOTile 

Industrials 

Banks 

imurcncc 

Finance 

Tronsn. 


74241 73239 739J9 -1.3" 
773.01 7&AJ5 760.94 —US 
49659 694.68 495.9S - 1.67 
394,83 691.92 B9A.20 - 1 45 
907.1 J 905J3 90293 -0.92 
73676 730.64 731.11 —IBS 



VaL 

Hrtb 

LOW 

Lait 

dig. 


171105 

73' ■ 

73 Va 

73V, 

- 


51857 


*■• 

6*m 


RJRpIP 

42X17 

6’m 


O’* 





3*',i 




37753 A’"* 

4*5* 

4*'.« 

- iv» 


32926 

57^. 

5b W 

57", 


RJR Hb p*C 

78751 


65: 

4 1 * 



24588 


46’. 




2077 C 

47' i 

46% 

46", 

- 2*9 


70076 

16H 

ir* 

1* 

— 1 J 


10511 

52' ■ 

57’, 

52’. 

T 'i 


18831 

57', 

56' , 

S7V. 

- ^e 


18460 

24 H 

n>Y 

24'.. 

— */4 


18456 

25’ , 

?£lm 

25 

^_ T 'j 

WU7 Tc 

1815* 


Ib'-B 

26V. 


NASDAQ Most Actives 


VaL 

Htab 

Low 

Last 

Chg. 


1 

34 

304, 

31 

— 1V» 


23 

19V, 

20‘'i, 

—l't.. 



9 

JV, 


' 4 hi 


60’, 

58 Vv 

593Y 

— 1V6 

US Him s 


« V. 

38 

38‘: 



t M 

19*9 

IB'k 


- ’'4 

Medv/sn 

r [4- ,7| 

6 

£ 

5". 





36 





21 

I94i 

70V. 



3413* 

19*.i 

18 V. 

19V.. 



30341 


2*' 5 

its* 



30194 

44 •/. 

41": 

44V. 



22321 

ZJXu 

2F* m 

7*^ 



27312 

14 

12 J, 

13’g 


MOs 

19271 

?7W 

72' i> 




AMEX Stock Index 


Jun 

94.07 

9*59 

9439 

5CP 

9434 

9439 

9*29 

Dec 

9187 

9330 

9332 

Mar 

9333 

933« 

9327 

Jun 

92.99 

92.74 

9175 

SeP 

9236 

9230 

9230 

Dec 

92JJ1 

91.90 

91.90 

Mar 

91 72 

91*3 

9L61 

Jun 

9136 

91.44 

91A4 

Sep 

91.44 

9131 

9131 

Dec 

9130 

91.17 

91.17 

MOT 

9137 

91.01 

•UII 


sea 3123.0 3109 J 3109.8 —425 

Me N.T. N.T. 312L5 -420 

Est. volume: 12.901. Open bit: 53,194. 

CAC 40 CMATlF) 

FF200 per |pdn 

Mov 218200 21 73 JO 2179 JO —10 JO 

Jon 2170.00 215600 214 1 JO -HIS 

Jul 2165X0 21 65 JO 2159 JO unch. 

Sep N.T. N.T. 217250 — Ifttf 

Dec N.T. N.T. 220250 —1080 

Mar N.T. N.T. 223200 —HUM 

Esi. volume: 16501. Open Int.: 69X32 


Tuesday that it 
launch its own 


launcn us own uuc uj 1770. . .. ,-^j .. •• ■ 

Disney trill include cruises as part of one- week vacaficmpadto^-jrifisS-y: <•*■'.’ . 
will include several days at the company's Wall K§ey.Wq®gr.sl^; ■' 
Cruise ships, which will feature Disney characters, will operate ^ 1. . 

Florida port and each ship win hold about Z 400 passeogiasiB ^ » ' 

well as standard accommodations. ’. 

_ ^ -'sk ’tr ctl \. ■' 


■«« 
\f- - 
. .. : 

■ *7».. 

. . -• 

' ‘ . . - IDS 




High Low Lost Chg. 
4J2 « 440.71 442.39 -2.14 


Dow Jones Bond Averages 


Est. volume: 20639. open Ini.: — . 
3-MONTH EURODOLLARS CLIFFE1 
si mlllioa - Pis at in pet 
Jan 9223 9SJQ 9J J» — OQ5 

SCR 94J9 94 J9 9657 — 0 J» 

Dec 44.10 94 J9 94X76 —205 

Mar N.T. N.T. 9X01 —OJA 

Jim N.T. N.T. 9054 — OJj 

Sep N.T. N.T. 93J0 —am 

EsI. volume: 126. Open ini.: 10397. 
3-MONTH EUROMARKS (LIFFE) 


Sources: Motif. Associated Press. 
London tntT Financial Futures Exchange, 
inn Petrvteum Exchange. 


WUl nj Jwuwmw — — - — — , . • *1. -.. i'-.'t.i JT/L.,'-. _ 

Delta Fails to Block Suit ^ Pan^M 

NEW YORK (AP) — A federal judge on Tuesday denied a 


■ L ' 1 j: J 


Dividends 


20 Bonds 
ID Utilities 
10 Industrials 


NYSE Diary 


Advanced 

Declined 

Unchanged 

Told Issues 
Mew Highs 
New Laws 


Close Prev. 

995 1235 

1118 94a 

602 604 

2775 2790 

41 39 

55 45 


DM1 million 

- PtS Dl 100 PCt 



0A.1? 

94 07 

9*89 



95X12 

9535 

Dec 

95JJ0 

94.96 

9*97 

Mar 

9433 

9430 



9*66 

9**0 

9434 

Sep 

9*41 

9430 

9435 

Dec 

94.14 

9437 



9196 

QX88 

9191 

Jun 

9X79 

9170 

9330 





Dec 

9X55 

W.4B 

915* 

Mar 

9X44 

93*3 



Company Per Amt Pay Rcc 

IRREGULAR 

Pilgrim Prime R1 - JB4 5-9 5-18 

REVERSE STOCK SPLIT 
Latavctie Am Bk I lor 2 reverse spill. 
STOCK SPLIT 

Freeaorl McMoran Inc: 1 Freeporl 
MuSftaron Copp^ Gajdsjw tar em*i M 
shares ol Freeaart McMo ran Inc Held, re- 
places 3125 regular com pavmem. 

INCREASED 


NEW YORK (AP) — A federal judge on Tuesday daied a ' ’&&& 

Unes effort to throw out claims that it forced Pan Atu Conk . ■ • 

business by withholding crucial financing in Pan J^’s Cnd’dayt^ -*^- '. - 
decision dears the wav for the noqjuiy Inal to start Wed&Ksd*j,^£V ’ 

Pan Am is suing Delta for at least SZ5 billion, claiming - - - 

out on promises to lend it money to reorganise. : . 

Kemper Resolves to Lift Sharelhjce> 

LONG GROVE Illinois (Combined Dispatches) — KemperC^- 
said Tuesday that if its stock does not rise at least 13 percent taSSWr 


■■■ Icy -7. JbrtfA 




' v.. - ; • mCE 


• -V ? 

- , - il VX 


AMEX Diary 


Advanced 

Declinod 
Unchanged 
Total iuuk 
N ew Highs 
Now Lows 


310 rs 

309 252 

208 21D 

627 7W3 


AMEX Most Actives 


IvtnCP 
ExpCA 
Nrnm 
Echo Bov 
HlinPro 

Atari 
ENSCO 
5lvleV<d 
PavtVOa 
Vc K& 


VoL High Law Last 

29296 19 ITi. 19 


NASDAQ Diary 


8407 1 "i |4« 1H B 
6545 25'T 25 75M. 
5773 IH# II ll'v 

4505 V. '■/„ V, 


4440 3'Vii 3'Vi, 3’/a 
4202 14V5 12'1 14V; 


4074 4>4 4'... 4t'a 
3419 24'v 72H 24’ ■ 


Advanced 
Declined 
Unchanged 
Total Issues 
Newhfigtu 
New Lows 


1408 1659 

1554 1403 

1633 1927 

4995 4989 

97 115 

102 93 


Spot Commodities 


Est. volume: 115403. Open Int.: 959J50. 
3-MONTH PIBOR IMATIF) 

FF5 million - ptl of IN PCt 
Jim 9645 94.38 9440 1-0X12 

Srp 9463 9459 9 4.60 Unch. 

Dee 9461 9456 94J9 +a« 

Mar 94S9 W.43 94J7 +0J2 

Jon 9428 9420 9426 Unch. 

Sep 9198 9192 9197 Unch. 

D« 9175 9170 9175 UllCf!. 

Mar 9159 9153 9159 — 0J1 

Est. volume: 37215. Open Ini.: 712.796. 
LONG GILT (UFFEI 
156404 . ptJ S Muds of 180 ed 
Jan 105-31 1D4-1B 104-78 -1-13 

Sep N.T. N.T. 104-00 -1-17 

ESI. volume: 51226 Oner Int.: — . 
GERMAN GOVERNMENT BUND (LIFFEI 
DM 2S0JM - pis of IN PCt 
Jud 9520 94.72 4458 — 024 

Sep 4422 4439 94.46 — 0.19 

Est. volume: 91847. Open Ini.: 181.212. 
18-YEAR FRENCH GOV. BOND5 IMATIF) 
FFSOMOt - Pfs Of 1M PCt 
Jun 120.92 12050 17050 — 0M 

Sep 119.98 1T9.7D 119.60 —052 

Dec 114.16 11670 11870 —050 

Est. volume: 155257. open Int.: 1595D1 


Burger King 
Pt Memogement 
Teleglobe Inc 


O 29 6-7 6-14 

M $0 5-23 5-31 

. JD9 6-15 630 


REDUCED 

Kemnar Mulll Mkt M J725 5-13 631 

INITIAL 


Macerlch Co 
Motorola Inc n 


J07 612 624 
SB 615 7-M 


the coming year, it would conrider putting itself up for safe. -;/?j ^ 
The insurance, asset management and securities brokerage coimami" 
faring a hostile bid of S55 a share from General Hectric Ca’^mn^ 
uni t made the proposal in a letter to shareholders from Chainmn'snA 
Chief Executive David Mathis. ' 1 

But the company’s share tumbled SI-50 to SS7.125 CHrTUeday.iTy^j 
the market is saying is that there’s some f ear that GE will 
away,” said Ira Zuckerman, an analyst with SBS Financial Grwip^i *' 
Shareholders will vote on GE's proposed takeover bid. valued I atJLg 
billion, at their annual meeting on May 1 1. (Reutetx teafeg r 






CORRECTION 


27 631 614 


Clinton Names Commodities Chief 


v* . ■ *' 


Market Sales 


Today 
4 Pan. 

NYSE 287.97 

Amen 17.68 

Nasdaq 280.98 

lo millions. 


Commodity Today 

Aluminum, lb 0586 

Coffee. Bra— lb 0SJ5 

Copper electrolytic, lb 0.94 

Iron FOB. tan 21 JOG 

Lead, ib o;M 

Silver, troy oi 524 

Sleet (scrap). Ion 137 23 

Tin. lb 

Zinc, lb 0435 


Industrials 


Htofl Low Lost Settle Ch'go 
GASOIL (IPE) 

U5. dollan per metric lon-tofs of 180 hms 

MOV 157.00 15025 15025 15025 +2J0 

Jun 15)25 130 m 15050 15025 4-250 

Jul 152.00 150.75 150.75 150.75 4-2J0 


Allen Organ B 
Am Ntlinsur Tex 
Blrk Stratsc Trm 
CMS Energy 
CTSCorp 
Emerson Elec 
Glermav Fin 
Global Partnerlnca 
Helix Tech 
Kauai City PwALt 
Kvsor Indus*! 
Patriot Set Dlv 
Salomn Hi IncaFd 
Salomn Wldwd Inca 
5cano Co rp 
Seal right Co 
Security CpBnco 
Serv Icemast er LP 
Sonotlnc 
SunAmer Inc 
UST Inc 
United emos 
United Coo Fin 
WICOR Inc 


Q .13 620 63 

Q 55 63 617 


M .0583 616 631 
Q .18 69 623 


Q .10 630 85 

O J9 670 610 
_ .15 66 616 

M .1187 612 631 
Q .12 613 627 
a 27 627 620 
Q .12 7-13 7-2B 
M .1031 613 627 
M .125 612 521 
M .1187 612 631 
a 205 610 7-1 

Q .115 613 627 
Q .11 616 61 

Q 23 7-15 7-31 
Q 27 631 614 
Q .10 613 620 
O 28 6-3 615 

Q 25 631 615 
O .10 615 7-1 

O 29 610 631 


WASHINGTON (NYT) — After a long delay, the CUmcuaUA&a>' 
hoc announced Tuesday its intention to nominate Mary L. Scfa&pbpi^ 
head of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. . 

Ms. Schapiro, a member of the Securities and Exchange-Cb&oasiorf 
and formeny a lawyer at the commodities agency, has ban thb^t^ 
many months to have been the White House’s choice to bead thelgx^ 
But after news of Hillary Rodham Clinton's phenomenal nbcari^- 
trading commodity futures broke in mid-March, minors 
late that the administration was seeking to avoid a confinnatwtiJBifa 
that would almost certainly become a forum for partisan mquti$: V* 


Wj* 3 - 1 . -- 


froimualj g-payabhe la Canadian fundi; m- 
manthty ; atawrteiiv; t-samkadflital 


ADB: Fundamental Clash of Ideas Cher Development of the Pacific Basin 


Continued from Page 9 

not prevent the capital increase 
from taking place.” 

The bank has traditionally been 
a prorider of loans for straightfor- 
ward infrastructure projects that 
promote economic growth. West- 
ern countries have long pushed for 
an increased emphasis on social 
and environmental factors when 


guing that the social aspects of de- 
velopment are already well taken 
care of through the Asian Develop- 
ment. Fund, the bank's concession- 
al-loan window. They argue that 
loans through the bank’s commer- 
cial window are so expensive that 
they should be reserved for projects 


should be harnessed to help reduce 
poverty and provide increased 
quality of life for all its inhabitants. 
Most .Asian countries agree that 
growth does not automatically re- 
duce poverty and that unchecked 
growth is courting environmental 
disaster in manv countries. 


that promote high economic 
growth. 


choosing projects for funding. 
Several developing mem 


Several developing member 
countries, especially India and Chi- 
na, oppose the Western views, ar- 


growtb. 

Behind the East-West quarrel 
lies a deep-seated conflict in views 
on how the Asia-Pacific region's 
phenomenal economic growth 


The developing countries view 
the Western countries’ insistence 
on quality of growth through focus 
on social issues and the environ- 
ment with suspicion, fearing that 
the West will throw in these re^ 


qui remen is to hinder growth in 
Asia, 

Especially controversial are 
Western calls for national policies 
on privatization, labor regulations 
and political pluralism. Developing 
countries reacted strongly when 
some of these were introduced dur- 
ing the General Agreement on Tar- 
iffs and T rade negotiations, and the 
same objections have come over 
attempts to include criteria for 
“good governance’’ in the policy 
issues- 


Madison Square Garden for Sale? ;, 

NEW YORK (AP) —Viacom Inc. said Tuesday it was exploring y 
possible sale of Madison Square Garden, which owns- a fammiiKeq 
York sports arena and two New York sports teams, basketbaUs^skki 
and hockey’s Rangers. , . .1^ .- v 

Viacom acquired control of the Garden with its purchase inMsfoh^i 
controlling interest in Paramount Communications Inc., the mn&s and 
entertainment company. Viacom, a cable TV and media comp apy,s»id^ 
has received “expressions of interest from a number of portiesT ibmr 
buying the Garden's operations. TvS-.vJ 

Analysts noted that Viacom took on a heavy debt in topsog. 
Paramount and could use the proceeds from a sale to repay senedf it f 

Jr ~ / , f 

For the Record '■'■■>4 


dole's general comptroller accepted the bulk of telephone % ma 
proposed by the government, a blow to Cboqnnia de TdefonudcCBe 
SA- _ „ felt 

Freeport-McMoRan Inc. announced it intended to sepamciB wo 
principal businesses, precious metals and agricultural minerals, into no 
independent financial and operating entities. • (Kmght-Mltri 

Ben Atlantic Corp. and MG Communcatfons Corp. said they w»M 
begin a high-speed data exchange sendee for companies that nod » 
connect computer networks in far-flung operations. (Bbmfoii 


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U.S. FUTURES 




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luly 




Sydney 

Amcor 9*9 920 

ANZ 463 4A5 

BHP 1688 1692 

Boral 3 A3 343 

Bougainville 020 0A5 

CoMMver 4.49 4J3 

Comolco 455 4JJ 

CP- A 1L24 1422 

CSR A7S *71 

Foiled Brew 127 123 

Goodman Field 151 158 

ICI Australia 1050 1024 

Magellan 1.90 l.Sffl 

MIM 2.92 2.90 

Not Ausl Bant. 1154 1126 

News Cara 9A9 958 

Nine Network 5.16 525 

N Broken Hill 3JO 125 

Pac Dun loo 454 451 

Pioneer Inn 229 255 

Nmndy Poseidon 2 2 

OCT Resources 127 125 

San Ids 197 190 

TNT 2.10 2.12 

western Mining 7X72 6.99 

Westaac Barking 451 420 

yvaocstde 428 422 


Ali ora jMr^Wex : 204420 


Market Gosed 
The stock market in 
Tokyo was closed 
Tuesdav for a holidav. 


Toronto 


Ablllbi Price 
A onto Eagle 
Air Canada 
Alberia Energy 


Am Bar rick Res 31Mi 


5oc Gen Barxrjc H7» 44"0 
Soe Gen Betgiaue r*«5 


Sol mo iSTOOiraw 

Solvov 16450 16600 

Tracteficl 11100 1100C. 

UCB 23*00 2545? 

Union Min tent 2585 2S*S 

Current Slock mda : 17*15: 
Previous : 7691.11 



Madrid 


Sao Paulo 

Banco do Brasil Z 


BBV 3145 3215 

BroCentralHIsn. 2910 3940 
Banco Santander 6850 5920 


Bcmesm 

CEP5A 

DrogatlOT 

Encesa 

Ercros 

laer drain 

Reasoi 

Tobacaiero 

Teleiamca 


I2B0 1115 
2925 3000 
2195 2335 
653P 6680 
IP 158 

947 9*7 

4400 *490 
3860 3875 
1775 1330 


Brodesco 

Brahma 

Paranananema 

Peirobras 

Teie bras 

vale Rio Doce 

Varig 


Borgw index - 16483 
Prevlowi : 17234 


. 23 35.90 

14.0 F*_W 

I4J0 1620 

301 309 

20 2250 

117 ia 

44.90 4SJ0 
1145011150 
1*1 160 


5.E. GeneroMndcx : J19.4I 
Previoas : 32151 


Blue Circle 
B0C GrbLD 


Singapore 

Cerebps ajo ac5 

Cll» Dev. B.m 7J5 

DBS 1150 M 40 

Proser Neave 1L50 i«w> 
Gentlng l?M 17.40 

Gulden hope Pi Ui 3.4? 
Haw Par 352 

Hume industries SjQ icj 
[neneque SJS 550 

Keaoei KAO 11 40 

KL Keuons 2.93 5.9 j 

Lum Chang T.72 1 to 

Makrran Banvg BAS C50 

OCBC 12.10 12 


BCE «95ii 

Bk Nova Scotia IPi* 

BC Gas 15V, 

BC Telecom 25Sk 

bf Pee nr hub N.T. 

Bramaiio DJ4 

Brunswick wg 

CAE TL 

Camaev A85 

CIBC 30'X 

Ccmadian Pacllta S 

Cm Tire A 13^ 

Can lor 22 >5 

Cara 4 

CCL l«d B 9 

C Inrole > 4.15 

Ccminca 2IV4 

CcnwusiEioi 21 1* 

Denison mm B 0.08 

Do lasco 21 

Drier A OJJ 

EOS Bar mines 15** 

Eautlv Silver A 0J5 

FCA inti 365 

Fed ind A 74* 

Floleher ChOII A 19 

FP! n 

-jentro 0-47 

Gulf tea Res 4A0 

hm inll 13 

Hernia G id Mines 12'- 

Md linger 154* 


Grains 


WHEAT IOIOT1 SOOSainrroTwn- oolun nr Buuwi 
322 300 MOV94 3JI -5 133'<t 328V, 130 -JJ2 989 

35* 19* Jul 94 3J4 334V, 17».5 330 — OJ44* 2B.971 

3JP’* 107 Sep 94 136 3J7V, 3J25, 133'- — Q.D21* A 271 

1*5 109 Dec 94 147 347 1414 JATW-tLlMI* 4,925 

3J6h 337 Mar 95 3J9 149 344V, 14S 1 * -OXM'A 395 

138 116 V, MOV 95 141 '* — 0.04’u 24 

14»i 3.11 JUI 95 3J3V, 123 U. 3J2 122 — OJ2V: 94 

Est sdes I7JJOO Man's, sales 15.704 
MaTsooenlnt 43419 uo 62 

WHEAT (KBOT1 sjmou minimum. aaaar,perlw4«i 
3791a 2.9* Mav94 150V, 150V, 145h 147 -JJM'* 1370 

155 2.97 Jul *4 334 h 135 130 131 —0 04 V I A 7*0 

155-, 3J7’*5ep94 U* 1 .* 134", 13IU. 337V.-0.1M 1880 

140 112liDec9J 1471* 147V, JJ*V. 339 -0.071* 3203 

353". 125 Mar 95 3 43 W 1 , 1399, JJt' i-OIM 401 

374 1T1 VjMav 75 134 9,-0 J3V, 17 

EsI. sale* 4517 Man's, sales 6.700 
MvTsQpenire 23.131 up *43 
CORN (CBOTl £ OOfl bu mnnwn- ao*m per uw 
ll»". 2J8V,Mav*4 3679. l*7ta 7.40-'* 3*14-0.07-* 15376 

316V, 241 JUI94 2AM. 26VU, 2JJV1 2644V— 0J7 136,104 

392 ., 240", Sop 94 25?V. 2*3 256 25*v>— 0.08’'. 311*2 

173V, 234 Vr Dec 94 752 252 2J7 lAT'.i~0.0B'i 7A705 

2J9'.-, 253 Mar 95 251 257 ’o 151V. 254 1 ,.— 0.06 *359 

252 257' i MOV 95 258.-I U0 258 25*Vi_aH79i 7*8 

253'. 259 Jul 95 252'., 2.42V, U0 260 -0071* IJ95 

256'S 2A4",D«9S 247". 2.SF* 244 TAJ 1 .,— 0 BfV, 1,287 

Ed. sales 90.000 Man's, sales *4.643 

MOT'S Ooen iffl 770.076 up 13X 

SOYBEANS (CBOTl UdOBunwiinm. OKAmsprf PvJifl' 

751 i92k;Mar94 4.67 (*9 *51 *421,-0.07 5.766 

750 5.941, All 94 6 49 6.69V, 641 4A3 _0J6>* 6UH 

735 4J0 Aug 94 tAl' i 65S 657 *5*s.— 0J64V 11.307 


Season 

Season 






Hrgn 

Law Open 

rtflh 

Low 

CDase 

Ora 

OoJnt 

1140 

10370c) VS 11.12 

11.12 

11.12 

11.10 

—0 02 

144 

1135 

10.B8Mv96 



11XJ7 

—ate 

39 

Esi sales 10.78* Mam sates 10384 




Man's open Inf 102322 a H 293 





COCOA 

(NCSEI MiraMcM 

-f asr Iqn 




1365 

999 Jul 94 1140 

1172 

1138 

11*8 

*23 39.JS0 

1377 

HDD Sep 94 1165 

1195 

11*3 

1191 

*21 1*010 

13(9 

1041DeC«* 1705 

1231 

1202 

1230 

*71 

8.808 

1182 

1077 MO- 95 1235 

1259 

1235 

17*4 

♦ 21 

IIL67B 

1400 

1078 MOV 95 1135 

1160 

1134 

11*0 

*23 

414 

1407 

1225 Jul 95 12B0 

1307 

1290 

1314 

♦ 21 

17U 

1350 

12*5 Sep 95 



1328 

♦ 21 

54* 

1437 

1290 Dec 95 



1360 

♦ 19 

479 

1385 

1350 Mar 9* 



1385 

+ 29 

3 

1262 

1225 Mov *6 1260 

1287 

1270 

1794 

+ 71 

4.903 

Es. safes 113*8 Man's, sales 10319 




Mon'iopenifi! 62*555 uo 964 





ORANGE JUKE (HCTN) 1J8H8M.- comae lb. 



135XB 

89.00 Mav 94 10*00 

1D8JH 

10*00 

10*00 

-130 

1.05* 

1354)0 

100-75 Jul 94 1|«60 

10835 

105-75 

10*35 

—230 1X0U2 

114JB 

104XBSep« 11030 

110.90 

10825 

10830 

—130 

ZAKS 

I34JD 

104. 15 Now 94 nun 

111X10 

10930 

10835 

— 2XW 

1-12* 

1X2X6) 

103-50 Jm 95 11135 

11135 

10930 

10930 

— 135 

7X14 

12*25 

I06XJ0MW95 11X90 

11X90 

HUB 

1)2JB 

-230 

642 

11*25 

11230 Mav 95 



11330 

—130 


I19J0 

119X10 M 95 



110-58 

— jxn 



S*P 95 



11330 

— X0Q 


EH. sates 1000 Man's. so6« 2363 

| Mott's ««n Inf 75J74 art «s 






tw.wira ruv NwiLsiKb km 

Jtofs oowiW ZMJ4S UP 38 

1322* 1A474 JlMlN 
13200 lJWOSepM 
13170 ljunewcu 

13170 1.4640 Mar 96 
Eg. sates NA. Nat 

.1313* 13 
13090 13 

s. sates 8. 

MorrsopenM 49384 

CANADIAN DOLLAR 
0.7805 0.71 13 Jun 94 
a 7740 0-704* 5flP 94 
03*70 OJUMDecM 
0.7605 0JO2DIWr95 
87522 86990 Jun 95 

■IP 1998 

(CMBU 1 
07219 07 
07190 07 
077*7 87 
87143 8) 
-87123 82 

Sea 95 

Esi. sates NLA. Mon 

Mm-tnmnM 4X3S7 

'X sates 2, 
ua 317 






65F'; 6.17 Sen M 6 42 144 636*5 6381,-8 86 4397 


Zurich 


Adlo Inti B 
AlusuKse B new 


BBC Brwn Bov B 1377 


O Ua Gemv B 
CS Holdings B 
Eleklraw B 
Fischer B 
■nlerdlscaunt B 
Jehnall B 
Landis Gvr R 
Moevenalck B 
Nestle R 


Oertik. Buctvle R 

PorgeH, Hid B 1*40 

Roche Hdo PC 
Satra Republic 179 

Sonooi B 37*0 

Schindler B 0*50 

Sutler PC 994 

Surveillance B 7150 

'">1*3 Bnk Cor* B 3B6 

Swiss Retrain- R bUJ 

Swissair R 770 

UBSB US* 

vvintertnur B mj, 

?vrtcn A» B I3J7 

SBS index ;8Ui 
Prwiaes : 977 A5 


757‘, S55l,Ncv94 *37 *7» 6.19 *.22 -aOSS, 47382 

*70 *11 Jan 95 6319: 635 *27 6J7V,— Oj»V, 3.950 

*973’; *10 Mar 95 4J0': 631 633 *34 -0 04 (05 

*n> 631 Ma>95 6ja *38 635 43*A— 0 93“, 483 

» 5 634 JlH 95 6 44-7 *44'.- *38 4 19 —0 07V! 7B) 

653V, 5.BI*vNov9S *08 *17 *J6 6 09 — OOU, 1.506 

ESI KJifi 45 .OBJ Ann'S SA4 53411 

Men's own im UI396 im 2 J 1 > 

SOYBEAN MEJO. I CBOTl in i«n- iMr. nr 

zam 1M.70MOV 94 18840 18860 18*70 IB7.ID -1 50 * 740 

230 00 18530 Jul « 18930 18930 18730 188A0 — 1XB 38A93 

22300 185.00 Aug 94 18850 IU3U 18750 187 JO —1.10 17.431 

911300 I S3 70 Sea 94 187X10 1 1’ 50 184 10 18*40 -am 7.917 

70*00 Ilisaod-M 11*80 18530 184.10 184 80 — 0.« 5.045 

709.00 I 60 Dec 94 183 70 1 84 30 182J0 181*0 -030 15. 143 

VO0XM 18050 Jan 95 18370 IUJ0 IBUO >83 40 — a«0 1516 

moo 181 50 Mar 95 1BAD0 18650 185.30 185.40 — 100 875 

19350 18200 MOV 9J 18560 18*00 18150 18160 -0J0 744 

I8*n 14750 Jul 95 186 50 184 M 18*50 18*50 —0.70 153 

Est. S4UM 77.000 Man's sales 73530 
Man’s ooen inf 86.577 art 1087 
SOYBEAN OIL (CBOTl HOOUi imniwlB*. 

3045 21 JO Mav 94 7(60 78 77 7830 78.40 —030 *7*0 

79;jj 2155*494 2857 7*47 28.11 2834 -03*40071 

7930 : 1 .65 Aug 20 15 7030 77J8 7B.CJ —035 11.787 

28.J) 72 50 Sea 94 27.65 7770 2730 27.4* -03* 11.785 

2750 22. 10 OCT 94 7*65 2*70 TftJffl 7*47 —0 33 8,160 

77 05 0 90 Dec 94 2588 71*5 2558 25 69 -039 15.733 

76J5 2745 Jan 95 25.-0 7530 2530 75J8 —070 7.197 

7**5 7*7DMcx 95 75.50 7554 25 2D 25.75 -4135 804 

2640 76.67 Men, *4 7SM 7510 75X10 7f 10 — n.l! 511 

76J0 76.65 jul 95 7630 7**5 76 80 7*95 — n an im 


E9. sales 70X00 Man's, solos 1*461 
Man's open inr 94J97 ofl 7*1 


Livestock 


CATTLE ICMERI «JUK-crt,>.6 

2DJ0 Jun *6 -030 7035 4*07 

rw 68 95AU0U 69 10 69 17 68 03 

7*10 7IOaOa*4 71 40 71 JJ 7tL40 

7*30 7li50c*4 77.00 77 00 7087 

7*25 7 1 70 Feb *5 77 DO 72.x 7135 

75 10 TJ vs Aar 95 120 7170 

71 50 70 *5 Jun 95 3167 70 67 *9 90 


EM. MAcs 22.351 Mon’%. Otfes I7J64 


—1.13 31X09 

_4LM 1X562 
—078 11J39 
-075 7X381 
-071 2. 537 
—070 1.074 

-XU3 81 


Men's occ nlnr 63.138 off J90 
FEEDER CATTLE ICMERI VLiioo es • im e 

8*40 V30MOS94 77.70 77,75 7*45 

83 00 77 97 Aua 94 77 « 7670 

H.JO 78.04 Ico ■>* 78 X *8 10 76 90 

* [ £ £7.95 Oct 94 77 95 7005 7*77 

BOW 77 .45 Not, 96 70 75 78 IS 77.75 

8095 135 Jan 96 7J 75 *875 7730 

803 JTJSAJorO* 773S 7735 77«) 

Eg.wies 7.959 Man's soles 7.1 So 

Man sawn rtf 13.584 uo 7<0 
MDGS fCMER) ruilr.-.M.-s 
4* 77 6 527 Jur.94 50.50 SI 10 50 42 

JSJJ 8SJ030I94 WJ0 5095 50 15 

5140 44 IS Auq 94 68 25 4*75 48.75 

49.75 43 60 0C1M tUS 4*30 41 SJ 

ia55 *3 64 Dec *4 CIXJ 4*40 41*5 

50- 80 41*SFcO *5 4j6i 4435 *U0 

40 90 Apr 95 4785 4100 47 75 

J-J 0 x’MAm9J 4(.X 4S.X 4730 

Eii. idn 4.147 «Mn s. soles 4 ao 
Mon'S twen Ini BJMI 0** 131 
PORK BELLIES ICMERI ««e «*.. cnei.^t 
l.in 7*31 JkX *4 41*8 4920 4001 

S-59 «.OOAuo96 4(60 47 60 44J7 

51- 15 g.iOFebM 51 Si 51)0 51.40 

60. W 38 40 A*P 95 

II® 47.70MCS9J 47(J 49 |J 47 jo 

57.90 S7A0Wla»9* 57(5 JJji 52J5 

ER KHes 7319 Mon's saws 2.94* 
Mon'ienenmf 8.545 aH J*, 


ous 

OUE 

SembOwang 
Snangrtia 
Slme Darbr 
SI A 

S'OOrn LM 
S pare Press 


12.10 1J I 
7-50 740 
7JS 730 
1230 
543 1^0 
an 
73S »3S 
7.TH 740 
14*0 14.73 


Coffee Prices Up 


Sing StraT7nniip 4.1: 4_^ 

S-poreTNtcomm 143 U* 

Snails Trading iji i ah 

U0B ID ?3 ;Std 

U0L 2.13 !>• 1 


Straits Times (no. . 23I0A* 
Preview : 7796.19 


Stockholm 


Montreal 


A Icon Aluminum 70's jqv. 


S 


Homan 
Hiilidewn 
HSBC Hlrfas 


Bank Montreal I* 

Ben Canada its 

Bomba rdfer B ;ivg 

Combtar 17L. 

Cbscodn B 

Dominion Test A *’e 

Donohue A lju, 

MacMUkm Si 3D 1 . 

Wl Bk Canada os. 

Power Cara. 21 •.g 

Quebec Tei 74 

Ouenrcar a 70vs 

Ouebecar B 30 

Te i egip Be 20i« 

Univg 5> 

video Iron 14U 


I* 5Sm 
42S* *39% 
21 IS 21 
171* 17H, 
B B 
*’a 7 

1JV-. IJ'.S 

20- « 20*.s 

Vm 9's 
21 '-3 71*11 
24 24 

20Vk 20*» 

W 

20 is 70 
5> S'* 
143* 14 is 


IWliatrMf Index ; Utfjf 

PrevWM . I9M.I5 


AGA 413 

a sea a rs* 

Astra A 1*5 

atlas Copco 537 

Electron,* B 473 

Ericsson 346 

Eucne-A 17 ; 

HandeWsenken ttr 

I n ve s tor B 190 

Norsk Hydro 2<3 

Procardia AF 122 

SondviK B ITT 

5CA-A :x 

S-E Bon ken 57 

Skandta F 13* 

Skamka iss 

5KF 164 

Sisra 41 5 

TretWmrg BF i;c 

Volvo 771 

AHaenvnenaen : leesJt 

Previous : usua 


LONDON —Coffee futures surged on Tues- 
day as a supply squeeze boosted markets on 
both sides of the Atlantic. 

Coffee for July delivery’ in London closed $80. 
or about 5.0 percent, higher Tuesday ji S 1.643 a 
metric ion. Prices have now risen b"v more than 
43 percent since the beginning of February, 
uhen the market bottomed at SU50. Ic New 
York, coffee for July delivery closed 94.05 cents 
pa pound, a 4.20 cent gam on the day. 

Declining output from many of the world’s 
growers combined with the effects of a plan by 
producers to withhold some exports has kepi 
supplies of coffee low. The plan to hold back 
coffee started late last year. 

T raders said some supplies were reaching the 
market from Indonesia. Brazil aad the Ivory 
Coast, but many doubled this would be enough 
;o cap the rally. 


—1.10 2.977 
-0.90 6319 
—1X0 1.186 
—090 1,180 
— 085 an 
-ora 4 ij 
-OM X 


-o.« i*^n 

■ an 5.910 
■0M 3337 
■043 7.527 
■0 40 7.759 
•OX 496 

■ 0 JS 3J9 

>015 69 


■ 0.75 *.191 
■Ot? 1,633 
■tUS JS7 
-MO 70 
■117 450 

•0 05 14 


ODFFEEC (NOE) J’.SOPi&i 


*3 75A6CV 94 97.25 9*20 912J 

W.iO 6*MJlHV4 VIJJ 94M »iiq 

SU70 68 535*094 77 50 914 48 994* 

9175 77 1001*94 *170 9525 9J.1J 

SI 2 TL«V«r OS 94 X 

«J0 H 94 25 9675 9425 

41 g 8500 Jul 95 96 X hit 95JO 

®1J0 89.M5BV95 

EJISOWS 21A16 Mon t 8 *19 

Mon a opto bn 55-5*3 uo 19 
SUGAR- WORLD It (NCSEJ ..i-oooe, . nrau 

17 50 9 I5JU194 IIJ* 1140 1188 

"« 1 WI 11 JD 

11 g Il’Yad 11.12 II 18 II 09 

1168 1BS.fMav9$ 11.14 III* hm 

1143 10.57 Jul 95 


■4ir. iTOi 

‘4 30 34.344 

■ *00 11.171 
•190 4X04 
>145 7.424 

■ 3 80 353 

-J* Jl 

350 J 


— 0.03 50.569 
-001 J7J41 
-007 16.149 
— 0 03 JJ8I 



M8J0 237.15 Dee 94 2SLJS 2S195 2S2.95 

S57M 74BJ0Mor95 2SUS 25175 BU5 2SUB "T- 


Cofii modify indexes 

Close 

Moaiv's 13MJB 

Reuters 1344J0 

44230 OMSOM***^ ZJZ gSj; Zgigjg | gS« 




































** 


'df’S'cd 

^ Pwrv 
•^la haj 
foiled 

l .>«* pre- 
^con- 


k 


ch anceson 

fsp^to 

“ ve to be 
Korea <]$. 

r for mere 
* a * s *cr?. 

«* * POlft- 
Sf a iran. 

1111 aperies 
in-. 

[while [hog 


pd Seoul ^ 


fowa. he ^ 
P^SKsf in 


*PPeared t 

near Kiyg. 

nauc siaad. 
l \scspsciai 
ft North fcv 
misc-la;*, 
d if ,i 
{>. 

be 20 c-.^fr. 
nit;- bc’.w^ 

StLth K;^ 
|Vr.:i«S^ 
la. M? ?cr. 
■M r- 

ferv rrcc^:t> 

i ! .s,R^ 
h :>^s £: 

fe-t!**"* 


** 



INTERNATIONA!. HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1994 



Page 11 




c* vir.r-A- ••■ 

i purrwJ.'-'- 1 


k 


■ Gt *- ' 

■ 




*«#*=* . :’ 
e-~- 


■Hr &S : Z :> 
■*.*"*:. - 


***7 * 

tf&T-* ; 

t -tot * 


A 




■***r^. v -*'. 

jE^sne- ;-. r . vi 






f vs#’ 


Refining Margins 

Boost KWE’s Profit 


v ESSEN — RWE Ag”c^!w c million provision lor the Nu- 

tea producer of elecuS^j waste-management unit in 
SCR** * prlfiS^^ ^ United States. 

June 30 would be likely to , u *“ «w>Pa°y also said Tuesday 
mtb lts earaings of 88 1 *¥* ^“ for “C nine-month peri- 
muhOT Deutsche marks fS53iR ended on March 31 had risen 3 4 

»n the previous year percent, to 40.9 bfflion DM. 

■ TJe company also said it stood , **£ attributed the rise 

tv its expressed intention to oass J 8 *®**? 10 *Be inclusion of resalts 
J«»E benefits to shartiioIdeKb 5?“ ncw “^tons. Without 
the form of a higher divide r-t * 


«e form of a higher dividend to u ^ wonld bave grown 
ibe year. It did ^ gj ve Mty ft9 percent. Also without the 


dtho- for proOt orthe payou® 
**Thc 


acquisitions, Mr. Gieskc said (hat 


s«3s j ra 


he ahio Mi (HU a 

■^££3?" «Wr results. 


Kw sbo ^ d a* least 

hriM its share, the company said. 


w^gwiHb esarsas 

- Fnedhetm Gieskc, the chief ex- 
-ecuaye.^said (he oil and rfientk al s 
®asions nnproveinent was due to 
petter profit mamns at refineries, 
asou prices felL 
Ccmpany ofHciais said earning*! 


_ - — i raw ma- 

terials operations would have re- 
poried a 13.6 paoean dn^) in sales. 

Revenue from energy aerations 
rose 0^ percent in the nine-month 
period, to 14.4 billion DM. 

In the oQ and chemicals division, 
ahs incased 8.1 percent, to 16.5 
DM, reversing a 5.4 percent 
«*une in the first nine months of 
1W3. (Reuters, Bloomberg, AFX] 


except for a previously reported 


Rising Soles 
And Cost Cuts 
Uft DSM Net 


Bloomberg Business News 

AMSTERDAM — DSM 
NV said Tuesday that cost- 
oitting measures and early 
rigns of economic recovery 
poshe d its first-quarter net 
earnings to 83 mimon guilders 
(S45 imlHon) from 6 million in 
the comparable 1993 period. 

The Dutch chemica] conrpa- 
L ny posted a loss of 118 million 
guilders for all of 1993, com- 
pared with a profit of 224 mi]- 
non in 1992. DSM said first- 
quarter sales rose 5.4 percent 
to 222 IriOion guilders. 

“The recovery is still fresh 
and prices are still low,* 1 said 
Simon de Bree, the chai rman 
of DSM. “We are continuing 
to cut costs and improve our 
competitive pastron/ 1 

In response to the first- 
quarter figures, DSM shares 
on the Amsterdam Stock Ex- 
; change climbed to a hew 52- 
week Ugh and dosed at 145 
^-'gmldexs, up 3 pearceot, 

DSM refrained from mak- 
a forecast to its 1994 re- 


■ German Outpat jDrope 

West German industrial output 
fen unexpectedly in March, accord- 
ing to pretiminaiy data released 
Tuesday by the Economics Minis , 
tiy, bat the ministry said final fig- 
ures were likely to show moderate 
growth, according to a Renters dis- 
patch from Bran. 

The ministry said March output 
was down 0.8 percent both from 
February and the like month in 
1993, bnt it added that the monthly 
change was likely to be revised up- 
ward by about 3 percenL 

The fact that the ministry pre- 
dicted a substantial upward. revi- 
sion suggested that it believed the 
initial industrial sample on winch 
its figures were based had been 
unrepresentative. 


French Protest EV Ruling 


Merger of German Potash Firms Is Challenged 


AFP-ExUt News 

BRUSSELS — French authorities are challeng- 
ing the European Commission's clearance of a 
fusion between two German potash producers, 
apparently over concern for a French company 
competing in the sane market. 

According to a notice in the European Union's 
Official Journal, the French government filed an 
actira with the European Court of Justice in Febru- 
ary, asking it to annul its December clearance of a 
joint venture between Western Germany’s Kali & 
Safe AG and Eastern Germany’s Mittddeuuche 
Kali AG, known as MDK, which is bring privatized. 

French authorities alleged that figures supplied 
by the commission during an in-depth inquiry con- 
cerning the merger contained “a serious error’' re- 
garding the quantity of potassium sold in Belgium 
by Soci&fc Commereiale dcs Potasses de F Azote, 
known as SCPA, a French producer in the market. 

The French authorities said the commission’s 
reasoning in allowing the merger was flawed in 
that it overestimated SCPA’s market strength. 

French authorities alleged that the commission 


made other errors, including defining the German 
market as separate from the rest of the Union, and 
failing to keep French officials informed about the 
investigation over the merger. 

According to the complaint, the commission 
aim inaccurately found that there were no other 
buyers for MDK besides Kali & Sab. 


East German Oil Project to Begin 


Elf Aquitaine $A and German/s Treuhand, the 
agency mat manages former East German state 
assets! said that construction of the Leuna oil 
refinery project in Eastern Germany will begin this 
month, Bloomberg Business News reported. 

The 4.5 billion Deutsche mark (527 billion) oil 
refinery wifi take three years to build and will have 
an annual output of 9 million metric urns. 

The Leuna project, seen by the German authori- 
ties as being of key importance for the redevdop- 
mem of the oil and petrochemical industries m 
Eastern Germany, has been delayed due to dis- 
agreements between Elf and the Treuhand. 


Lloyd’s Plans 
To Let Names 
Trade Rights 


C7 


Bloomberg Business News 

LONDON —Lloyd's of London 
said Tuesday it was launching a 
program that aims, m effect, to 
create tradable securities out of 
members* participation in the in- 
surance market. 

The plan wonld allow the fin- 
ances of the insurance market, 
known as the “names," to trade the 


right to participaie m syndicates in 
future years. It would n 


Eurocopter Hits a Strong Downdraft 


Bloomberg Business News 

PARIS — Eurocopter, Europe’s 
hugest helicopter maker, said Tues- 
day it expected to report a loss for 
1993 as high as 400 milli on francs 
(S70.6 mmion) sometime in the 
next two weeks. 

Chief Executive Franqois Bigay 
said results in 1994 could even be 
worse. 

Mr. Bigay added that Euro- 
copter, winch is a joint venture of 
Daimler-Benz AG of Germany and 
Aerospatiale of France, has not 
won a single order in the military 
export market so far this year. 


He added that the global market 
for civilian aircraft in the fust quar- 
ter had fallen to half the level re- 
corded in the same quarter a year 
earlier. 

Paul Ruddle, an analyst at 
Natwest Securities Corp., predict- 
ed that the overall helicopter mar- 
ket would not improve until 1997 
or 1998 and even then would 
“struggle toward 1993 levels, but 
won't go a lot higher.*' 

The market for both military and 
civilian helicopters has slumped in 
recent years as governments cut 
military budgets and an economic 


recession cut civilian fleets. Eu- 
rope’s other large helicopter mak- 
ers, notably Westland PLC, have 
been encountering s imilar difficul- 
ties. 

Mr. Ruddle estimated that the 
global market for military helicop- 
ters in 1993 was just short of $8 
billion and was expected to fall 
under 57 billion in 1994. UJS. or- 
ders have been especially worri- 
some and are likely to fall from a 
levd of 52 billion in 1993 to 51 
billion in 1994, he said, noting that 
ibis would drive U.S. companies to 
seek more business in Europe. 


Asset Sales Help Stora Return to Profit 


■ Compiled by Ov Staff From Dapaidta 

STOCKHOLM — Stora AJB said 
Tuesday it returned to profit in the 
first quarter, helped by lower inter- 
est charges resulting from sales of 
some operations ami other moves 
to reduce debt. 

The maker of paper and of forest 
and building products said it had 
earnings of 1.07 billion Swedish 
kronor ($141 nuflion) in the latest 
period, reversing a loss of 78 mfl- 
Son kronor a year earlier. 

The profit included one-time 
gains of 64 1 mfifion kronor, which 
came from the company's sales erf 
its flooring unit, Taikett AB, and of 
the Finnish operations of its Aker- 
lund & Reusing AB unit. 


The result also included a charge 
of 200 million kronor for a possible 
write-down on a pulp plant in Can- 
ada. 

Selling the Talk ett and Akerlund 
& Reusing operations reduced the 
company’s net debt load by 3.95 
billion kronor. 

In addition, currency transla- 
tions from foreign subsidiaries re- 
duced net debt by 953 million kro- 
nor because of the strengthening of 
the krona. 

Store's total net debt stood at 
1822 billion kronor at the end of 
March, compared with 24.11 bil- 
lion kronor at the end of 1993. 

Speaking of its major markets. 
Store said the German market had 


shown a slight upturn in the spring 
and the British economy continued 
to improve. Europe accounts to 90 
percent of Stora sales. 

Pu^) prices, which were at a his- 
toric low last autumn, have been 
raised in stages, with the last in- 
crease to take effect June 1, the 
company said. Such rises have giv- 
en scope for higher cardboard and 
paper prices but the effect of these 
on earnings has been limited so far, 
Stora said 

The company's sales in the first 
quarter dropped to 11.46 billion 
kronor from 1258 billion kronor, 
while operating profit rose to 1 39 
billion kronor from 358 million 
kronor. (Reuters, Bloomberg, AFX) 


Opftl Plans to Eliminate 
Another 2,000 Jobe 

Agence FTance-Presse 

RUSSELS HEIM, Germany — 
Adam Opel AG, the German unit 
of Genaal Motors Corp-. said 
Tuesday it wauled to scrap another 
2000 jobs by the end of 1994. 

The number of employees at 
Opel which has already fallen by 
more i ban 5,000 since the end erf 
1992 is supposed to drop to fewer 
than 46,000 as a result of the latest 
announced job losses. 


years. It would not allow 
trading those rights to past or cur- 
rent underwriting years. 

But with the prospects for possi- 
ble lucrative future earnings, those 
who acquire the right to participate 
in syndicates also will assume the 
potential risks. 

The move win transform the cap- 
ital structure of Lloyd’s, said David 
Rowland, rfHrinnan of the market. 

The change could provide an exit 
for the names who have been dev- 
astated by the market's recent mas- 
sive losses because their personal 
wealth is locked into backing 
Lloyd’s insurance policies with un- 
timiled liability. 

Creating a tradable security 
from membership of Lloyd’s marks 
a complete departure from the way 
the insurance market has tradition- 
ally capitalized itself. 

Until this year, Lloyd's relied on 
the individual names to pledge 
their personal wealth as a guaran- 
tee to insurance policies written in 
the Lloyd's market Corporations 
were allowed to invest in Lloyd’s 
for the first time in January. 

Funds from the names and cor- 
porations are pooled into a syndi- 
cate, according to the type of risks 
they want to underwrite. When li- 
abilities do not exceed the amount 
of money taken in as premiums, 
names get a portion of me income 
reflecting the amount of the syndi- 
cate’s insurance they backed. 

AD Lloyd’s insurance carried un- 
limited liability until this year, with 
the introduction of corporate capi- 
tal That policy has been the bane 
of the names, who have been leav- 
ing the insurance market, eroding 
Lloyd’s capital base. Lloyd's saia 
its new initiative wonld strengthen 
the names’ rights. 

If names are able to trade their 
participation in syndicates, they 
“will require greater security of ten- 
ure and grater influence over im- 
portant decisions,'* Lloyd's said. 





Very briefly: 


• OMV AG, Austria’s stale-run energy and chemical company, posted a 
pretax loss of 924 million MMlings (S79 million) to 1993 that was 24 

percent wider than the 1992 loss, a result of its struggling chemicals and 
plastics business; the company raid it would return to profit this year. 

• German wholesale sales rose 1.0 percent in the first quarter from the 
1993 quarter, the Federal Statistics Office said. 


• Bayerische Hypotbeken- A Wechsd-Bank AG will raise nominal capital 
by 1 16.8 milli on Deutsche maxis (570 million) through a l-for-10 rights 
issue, raising its overall nominal capital to 128 billion DM; the bank wifi 
announce the issue price on June 20. 

•WdaAG, the Goman cosmetics company, posted a 17 percent jump in 
net profit in 1993, to 106.1 million Deutsche marks, and expects double- 
digit gains in sales in profits this year amid strong demand to the 
company's hair-care products. 


• Kfifane & Nagel International AG, a Swiss-based forwarding and 
logistics company, wifi sefl an 18 percent equity stake to the public in a 
crailrined Swss and Gennan share offering that will be worth about $100 
million. 


• Omnitel-Pronto ItaEa, the consortium led by Ofivetti SpA that won the 
contract to operate Italy’s second cdholar telephone network, plans to 
increase its capital to 8(X) billion lire ($502 million) from 200 bfflion. 


• Pearson PLC said four companies wifi take a stake in its new Grand 
Peninsular theme park near Barcelona; they are Tnssamf s Group Ltd, a 
Pearson unit, AnbeuKr-Buscta Col, Poems Etectricas de CataluBa SA 
and La Caja de Aborros & Pensiones de Barcelona. 

• French car sales rose 172 percent in April from April 1993, according to 
the number of new cars registered in the country. 

» Bdaan unemployment stood at 133 percent of the work force at the 
end of April with 507,504 people out of work. 

AFX, Bloomberg, AFP . Reuters 


BERLUSCONI; His Companies' Outlook h Just as Undear as Italy's 



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that these are all areas where his 
companies are strongest 
“There will always remain a 
shadow of suspicion on the deci- 
sions of this government’' said An- 
tonio Pilati, director of the Insti- 
tute for the Economics of the 
Media in Milan, 

The suspicion might be milder if 
Mr. Berlusconi’s business empire 
were in better shape. Bui the reces- 
sion and management problems re- 
sulting from rapid growth in the fat 
years have left Fininvest in finan- 
cial difficulty. 

Mr. Berlusconi’s critics accuse 
him of having offered political fa- 
vors in exchange to new invest- 
ment from Mediobanca, the insti- 
tution that holds the key to much of 
Italy’s financial market 
Paradoxically, the largest prob- 
lem facing Fininvest whose shares 
are wholly owned by Mr. Berlus- 
coni either directly or through fidu- 
ciary companies, may in the end be 
the loss of Mr. Berlusconi himself. 

in January, when he resigned as 
chairman, be turned to Fedde Con- 
faJonieii an old school friend, and 
Francesco Tato, 61, a tough execu- 
tive with a reputation as a turn- 
around specialist to help out his 
company. 

Mr. Confalotueri, 56, represents 
Flninvest’s club of “old boys" who 
beld on while the company grew at 
a dizzying pace. But that culture of 
size clashes with Mr. Tato’s culture. 
He entered Fininvest from Monda- 
dori six months ago. and his spe- 
cialty is trimming fat and tighten- 
ing management. 

“it was all easier when he was 
here, than now that he's not here." 
Mr. Tato said of Mr. Berlusconi. 
“It leaves us with the problem of 
changes that are necessary, without 
his charismatic imprint.** 

Analysts give Mr. Berlusconi 
high marks for his investment 
choices. He moved aggressively 
into financial services when the 
markets were exploding in Italy. 
He bought into Stands and several 
major advertising agencies just as 
Italian retailing began to modern- 
ize itself. 

By tile late 1980s. however, the 
advertising market was saturated, 
and recession was crimping con- 
sumer spending and Fininvest's 
cash flow. 

Moreover, the tangled group of 
companies had been largely assem- 
bled to dodge Italian lax laws. While 
debt was amassed at the top, taxes 
were paid at the operating level 
meaning little cash was available to 
meet huge interest payments. 


By 1992 the last year for which 
there are reliable figures, the prob- 
lem was enormous. Fininvest de- 
clared SI2 million in net earnings 
for that year, but Mr. Tato ac- 
knowledged that it had done so 
only by claiming extraordinary as- 
set gains of about 5142 minion. 

He insists (hat all the operating 
companies now are profitable, and 
lower interest rates bave reduced 
debt service; still, the situation has 
not dramatically improved. 

Indeed, six months ago, few were 
betting on Mr. Berlusconi. Apart 
from the debt problem, several 
company executives, including Mr. 
Berlusconi’s brother Paolo, were 
under investigation.. 


More significantly, perhaps, for 
Mr. Berlusconi's position a few 
months ago, the company’s debt 
was concentrated at major I talian 
banks led by Mediobanca and its 
honorary chairman, Enrico Cuccia, 
86, a baron of Italian finance. 

In the 1980s, only two major Ital- 
ian business executives — Mr. Ber- 
lusconi and Raul Gardinl head of 
the Ferruzzi industrial group — 
had remained aloof from the circle 
of industrialists around Mr. Cuc- 
cia. 

When Ferruzzi collapsed last 
year, dumping billions of dollars of 
debt onto thebanks and prompting 
Mr. Gardini’s suicide, many be- 
lieved Fininvest would be next. 


But last October, Mr. Berlusconi 
called in Mr. Tato, a veteran of the 
electronics and office-machines 
maker Olivetti SpA. 

Mr. Tato says his task is essen- 
tially twofold. 

first, be intends to trim Flmn- 
vest to a financial holding company 
by transferring operating activities 
such as administration and data 
processing, and much rtf the group 
debt, to the operating companies 
and installing effective managers to 
create four large groups: publish- 


ing, fi n ancial products, retailing 
and television. 


Once this is accomplished, he 
said, the plan is to take these com- 
panies public. 


For 

investment 

information 

Read 

the MONEY REPORT 
every Saturday 
in fhe 1HT 


FIDELITY INTERNATIONAL FUND 

Sodftf d’lnvestissement ft Capital Variable 
KansalKs House 
Place del’EtoBe.Bf. 2174 
L-1021 Luxembourg 
Luxembourg B 24 054 


NOTICE OF ADJOURNED EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL MEETING 


The Shareholders of Fidelity International Fund (the "Fund") are hereby reconvened to an 
Adjourned Session of April 15. 1994 Extraordinary General Meeting of Shareholders to be beld 
on May 20, 1994 at the registered office of the Fund. Kansallis House, Place de l’Ecoile, in Lu- 
xembourg at 12.00 am, with the following: 


AGENDA 


To approve the merger of the Fund into Fidelity Funds, a ’’Socidtd dTuvestissement & Capital 
Variable” under the laws of Luxembourg having its registered office at Kansallis House, Place de 
TEtoile, Luxembourg. 


Upon hearing 


t.i) the report of the Board of directors explaining and justifying the merger proposal published in 
the Memorial. Recue LI Special of Luxembourg on November 25, 1 993, no 561. 
fii) The audit report prescribed by article 266 of the law of 10th August 1915 regarding com- 
mercial companies prepared by Coopers & Ly brand, Luxembourg, 


and subject to approval of the said merger proposal by the shareholders meeting of Fidelity 
Funds, if any. 


1. to approve such merger proposals; 

2. to approve the allocation of shares in Fidelity Funds - International Fond in exchange for 
the contribution of all assets and liabilities of the Corporation to Fidelity Funds - Inter- 
national Fund, a fund set up within Fidelity Funds at the ratio determined on the effective 
date of the merger on the basis of the respective net asset values per share; 

3. to state that upon the issue of the shares of the class International Fund in Fidelity Funds to 
the shareholders of Fidelity International Fund, aD the shares of Fidelity International Fund 
in issue shall be cancelled and Fidelity International Fund shall be dissolved ; 

4. to approve that aD steps shall be taken by the Board of directors of the Corporation for the 
implementation of the merger proposals. 


Resolutions on the agenda of the Adjourned Extraordinary General Meeting will be adopted if 
voted by two thirds (2/3) of the shares present or represented. 


The following documents shall be at the disposal of the shareholders for inspection and for copies 
free of charge at the registered office of the Corporation ; 


1. the Merger Proposals and the related Merger Agreement, 

2. the annual reports of the Corporation and Fidelity Funds for their respective last three 
financial years, 

3. the semi-annual report of the Corporation for the period ended May 31, 1993, 

4. interim financial statements as at October 31. 1993 for the Corporation, 

5- the reports of the Board of directors of the Corporation and of Fidelity Funds. 

6. the report of Coopers & Lybrand relating to the merger proposal. 


In order to take part to this General Meeting, owners of bearer shares will arrange for evidence of 
the deposit of their shares ro be sent to : 


Krecfietbank SJL Loxembourgeoise 
43, Boulevard Royal 
L-2955 Luxembourg 


On behalf of 

The Board of Directors 



Investments' 


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Page 12 


Ele c tr onic Arts, Broderbund Scuttle Merger 


EN TERVATION AL HERALD TRIBUNE. \TEPNESDAY, MAY 4. 1994 

1 HIGHWAY: Drawing the Map for the Information Road 

•b -n jvt "“"-t x m _ j nrrmflifon 


(TnmpiAfJ 6v t?«r Sft# From Dupaicfia 
SAN MATEO, California — Electronic 
Arts Inc. and Broderbund Software Inc. on 
Tuesday terminated a proposed S400 million 
merger that would have created the world's 
largest video gome and home software com- 


Broderbund will pay Electronic .Arts 510 
million for prompting the breakup after it 
failed to secure changes in the terms of the 
stock deal announced in mid-February. Both 
companies said the decision to end the merg- 
er was mutual, and they blamed recent de^ 
dines in their stock prices. 

The announcement surprised some ana- 
lysts and investors because the acquisition 
was seen as the easiest way for Electronic 


Arts to expand its business from video game 
software into the fast-growing education^ 
software markets. 

“Electronic Arts needed the acquisition to 
get into a business that it has bad a difficult 
time entering," said Keith Benjamin, an ana- 
lyst at the brokerage Robertson Stephens. 

Electronic Arts stock was down $1.25 late 
in the dav to $20.50. while Broderbund'* was 
up 55.00 to 559.75. 

Electronic Arts, based in San Mateo. Cali- 
fornia. is the nation's leading maker of video 
and computer game software. Broderbund is 
a consumer software company that offers a 
selection of products for use in homes, 
schools and small businesses. 

Ttip twn companies, with combined reve- 


nues of S394 million last year, control 17.5 
percent of the fad-growing consumer soft- 
ware market. 

The merger had prompted talk of similar 
deals in the"S5 billion software industry as the 
fight for dwindling retail space intensifies. 
Computer giants such as Microsoft Corp. and 
WordPerfect Corp. have recently announced 
their entry into consumer software, posing 
threats to iradiu'onsi leaders in the field. 

Some investment houses, including Cowen 
& Co. and Roberison Stephens, said they 
viewed Broderbund shares as worth buying 
despite the breakup, and upgraded their rat- 
ings on it. 

(Reuters. Knight- Ridder. Bloomberg) 


Continued from Page 9 
will become a similar seamless web 
known as the information super- 
highway — and the companies pro- 
viding ihese elements will have to 
cement their business relationships 
in just the same wav Ford Motor 
Co. and General Motors Corp. 
swallowed up their suppliers or 
converted them into commercial 
vassals. 

Whether telephone or cable com- 
panies will emerge as the common 
carrier is an open question. Mr. 
Smith said phone companies had 
unmatched expertise in switching, 
billing, and delivering to individual 
consumers — or “eyeballs" as they 
are known in the cable trade. Ge- 
rard M. Levin, chairman of Time 


wires “iust can t cut it w canyuig llseps 

video Jgnals, and that cable there- 

foreword lead the wav. who have cfaosro an ihn video wdepfluitf 

Ft..? both agreed that, as Mr. Lev- ■*—* maiteung area. 


in Other panelist m*** rift «■» WEftfaB B'; 
up diat theme. Mr. predicted things as combining auSe reserve- with a cOTTputq-nromin wat^ 
that "the brand-name purveyors of non networks in travel ageras oi- 
:.r a «wi(inii mil itriw rtv> svsiem fins with videos of the worm s 


0J | f 


information will drive the system 
because viewers tend to stay with 
the familiar and tested names. 
New ideas also produce new 
words. With the arrival of cable, 
broadcasting yielded to “narrow- 
casting'' some time ago to describe 
the specialized news, sports, enter- 
tainment. educational and other 
specially channels on cable in 
America. Interactive television will 


rices with videos of the world's 

1 ,000 leading vacation damnations each vicwi^su^i^ 



ioii’P 


..... 

r^.v . jrs 


everyone is in for surprises, ueu- man a 

South Corp. offered doctors chan- wtuchu 
neds to link them with special- swn ant 
ists for interactive, .diagnosis and satisfyu 
discovered that die physicians real- sumera. 


man erf Playboy E 
which is deep inioin 




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TeL- 514-2871755 Gwsda 


EXPAND YOUR ORBIT 
Saass in businea depends upon 
mfortnation. The latest, most 
fftiscrtanf news, ideas and 
mportimdies eclated from over 1 35 H1GHB7 INTEREST PAID on retxfj 


U J. BUSINSS LAWYERS 


CONSULTANTS 


VENTURE CAPfTAL 

• Muemuo USSMO^XX) 

• No Mwxnum 

• Term Ians 

• Eaxty Fvxxioe 

• Broken Protected 

Anglo American Group He 

Fax +44 W4 201377 


Mrodw coraervotrya ml N^h poten- 
tioi inMdmenr programs, (hough *qor 
nonEC bonk. Em motel, ongorng 


REAtmm 

tint t* • far-, 




PS. PORTTOUO SBTV1CES S A 
Zoadtefsk. tA ZeSSsM, 
Zurich. SvriT iw ta i d. 

Four 141)0)392 03 55 


YOUR OWN COMPANY IN 


MEDICAL 


BREAD MAKING FLOUR.- highest I 
aualir r, lowest world pnee. Volume 


Cfuchtf. lowest world pores. Vixne 
sotes onTy. fa- USA fjOa 474-38e& 
CHICKEN, onar USA, shod noien. 
C&F Ta®n, ETona harbor, SPSO'MT. 
Ma order 20DM7 ha +417-3820759 


SWITZERLAND 

ZUSKH-ZU&4UZERN 

AKIH-GOUJAU 

COhKOBA AG. BAARERSTEASSE 36 


EQUIPMENT 

Experienced pro required es iraketna 
partnei Beet Box f38e.. I.H.1 , 050 
Rid Axe. 5h a rtY. rfl 10022 USA. 


ot mo mmi r u men mx pu^acanmu 
and sans worldwide. 
WORLDWIDE INTO fainmeu bu6etm 
Fax (44) 71 5 BO 4272 


'rXJ «m. ccrvnerod & arbha- 

- w*-~x 

Fiduocno Ud.. 53:0 Erncnoa Prfe. um umm e unm 


FUNDS AVAftABU 


CAPITAL AVAILABLE 


CH6300 ZUC. Teh + 41 42 21 32 88 Mr +a and Gnada please repear your 


Far.- + <1« 22 1049 


FOP SALE ; 2SIF4G5 CFO'T 

FRENCH DIRECT INVESTMENT 


j Serviced Offices Directory 


IN THE UNITE) STATES 

Pace- US5300 or Frl.lM 
l.P YTELLAiO. Pan? 

Tel (33-1) 45 34 30 39 
Fax (33-1) 40 50 66 27 


[Attention Business traveUsrs 


IJLT. SSTVKHJ OFFICES 
DIRECTORY EUROPE 

if fXrbbhed UrsJ 

Wednesday of nxf) month 


KS 1 YOUS COPY FOP 
FUTURE NEEDS I 


YOUR OFFICE M 
HAMBURG/ GERMANY 

Our service?. 

• FuOy equpped office 

Shari or long term 

- Confe rente-loom 
Telephone service 

- TefettFaamde service 

- Seenefa n d service in Engfeh.' French 

BOrenervise - Hedda Morfmchof 
Epperriorier Weq 234, 20251 Hmnbwg 
Tel. +4940.42L44J3 
Fra +49.40.422.44.B3 


BU5RE5 CENTBI IN 
BSW GERMANY 

offer? My staffed aid lumnhed 


office? inducing telephone, fra and 
telex services at DM 900 - per mcnlh 


Hex services at DM 900 - per me* 
TOP Office Service GnAH. 
Tel: <9-201 788811. f« -788502 


iBXKS) COST 

TELEPHONE SERVICE WORLDWIDE 

Business, •’endensd, Traveler? 
'I*Fpvtuvty with V&on 
We are locfong for agents worldwide 
550,000 nvestmeni is required 
Te151679!-9251 Fa. 510-79 1-6728 USA 

rwr usa ifrtc 


YOUR OFFICE IN STOCKHOLM TtBOUGH OVH5EAS oajuanon of 
Bwety fumhed offices ard meet- real estate nomes obtaiwM lon-'erjvp 
v.i.-L or travel documents, bwwvjs nom 


ing rooms. Telephone erswenng ser- 
vices and seaeiand lernciu Tel- 
+ «kE 905O1B or fra- + 46-8-985008 


YOUR OFFICE IN PARIS 

Fuffy eqi^iped aid servad offitra 
avabUe on daly weeHy or monthly 
basis Private car part. Seaetaxal aid 
pmonrtaed Hephane services. 


CONTACT EUROPE AMSTERDAM. 


Texes 75IW Attn. J Kolmar. Tel. 

Fra 2U -352-1 A5 USA 
TAMPA BAY FLORBA-lorge eslab- 
Hied ccnirr ar-condmonxig efectncol — 
drai«. Sernas- : sates, lumtey cpeia- TIT 

eon. nel S TK.'XO + Terms avafcbte. _ 

Fa. to Fred- 813-345-7670 USA 
OFFSHORE BANK «th Oas A Scenes, 
rufl meridxmt or cofranercid bcnl x r 

powers Tra hee venue lmmednie sO.ftS 
tranjfer, 05 S25XG0 Loncter 44 71 ’ah cdtt - 
394 6157. Caxxfa I6M V42 tltf. i/JLJ# XT. 
FUNDS AVAILABLE to finance 
wcrlrnde p uy erlies. new o« used r MiBU i rn 
vrivda, biomesi pr>?)ects erpoT»orc We cornea hf 
raj U>. Property Financial Serves? 244R 

144)71560 <ft9 with requirements Lowed fetes 

CONSTRUCTION Sim TRADING CO *“«rafci : MJW 
c loC'lmg la ai opens m the Fa Ecsl. 

Please onext W- '57?-3-5173o7-i- 5. 

Fra 972.3-517KM Groff I 1 r Ltd. *£j 

P 0. Box 29203, Td Anr oiyi, br.jel " 

REPCB3VTATTVB NtEDU) worldwide.- cd] nw j 
to sell exhibn ponds m Intemororwl linca (3! 

Trode Far? ro manuloctuers. whole- USA 

solers. cssocntrcns. Td: (33) 07 <35357 fax 

Fra: (33) 93 417785 Em im la li 


5WSTAK JAULSANDBtS & FSJJ31 
545 Mocbon Ave. NY. NY 10022 
TeK2126885900/Fac:2l 2-68861 51 USA. 


TELECOM. 


INTERNATIONAL IfAflNG 


TO PURCHASE: 

■ Letter? of C«ft 

■ Bcnk Guarantee? 

■ Other Acceptable Cotaend 
* Boded by FWr ImwWort 

TWUMAJOR INTI BANKS 



$0.45/ USD/ per minute 

Vtfl cdb - JAPAN to tbe USI 


IMMEMATEY AYAHABIE 

FOR HNANCWG 
of purchase of heavy equ^merit, 
oraafts, merchant and pleasure 
ihps. ndudnd real estate. 


CAPITAL SUPPORT COUP. 

OS. {714} 757-1070 Fax 757-12 70 


VENTURE CAPITAL 
FMANOAL GUAKANIB5 
REAL STATE HNANCE 
Pt™ contact: OC Ud. 
Ira -MB 31 137165 


Broker's a n umiis wri guaranteed 
For any rnformpfron 


USS35.000 onwartfc. real estde frem . r ,.„. .. 

US57JM0 onwards, rra savings b- ISL&3 lES — 

transfer or en»rc«ue to South Am- | PATENT RIGHTS for leveret 


We cornea for iesf, SO wfi> atv more 7 
24-HOUR SKVKE 
Lowed rctes to and from the USA. 
Aurrafa: SO 34 Norway: S0A2 

Canada 8023 Sngaprsre: S0-5Q 

Fraice: S0.40 Sweden SO 35 

Germany. ST 46 Switseriard: SO <6 

Hong Kona S05T Tmatk SCL63 

rteArireii: S0.45 UX. S029 

Ct£ now hr Free od i v u fion 
Franco (33-1) 39 2B CO 19 
USA 1-305-3 B4 5343 
Fib 1-305-386 6352 
Em lip lo 10% oammeawi on the 
world's lowest rote?. Fra CV or ai. 


iQf ony ifrartnahon 

Mmieun MJ.PJUL aid Cm. 
FMANQAL INSTITUTIQN 
Bramah - BELGIUM 

Fax: 32-2-534 02 77 & 32-2-538 <7 91 
THEX 20277 


—-HJWSAV ARABLE 

■ j™/ from bada and privafe 
lM-fcPl eiraskx? fer oB fraiang, 
lira/ fetter of ends, awoiat 
X*y dsoMid, txx* BWtriee_ 


bduuiiion by 
-2) 534 02 77 


i 3, * a iS 40 15^ 

Telac 20277 



£V»S2gfi -■ 

IST^gSSSj^’^Jfi 

fFSsm f Ster- 

■D HmMMre? 'rtT- 

* / - jpg?" 

ii-- - 


... i 

: - V .’ 

- r-^r. SCbJ * 

■ rT6'»“ 

- . : y rcr 


; v 

;‘Jui S« 


- &c ?y 


". ” -t 

-T.-re*: 

r - TK-’u ’-esi 

■ ■ v^v 

-.•_v-...-i .e.v ■&&&&. 


COMMERCI.j 
& INVESTMEi^Ti 
PROPERTiEs 




i’A ? 


..f f 

■ V»f 


IMMEDIATE l UNUMTH) 


FINANCIAL 

INVESTMENTS 


OFTM3ES FOSgefc 


! jSS?r. 

.... 


- • - : tjfr xd i*rte CT3 


FUNDS AVAILABLE 

FOR 

LETTHE OF CREDIT 
BANK GUARANTEE 
GTHB? ACCEPTABLE COUATHAl 


r ryrt nl tjvalabte fer 
All buseteB proiec&d 


All buseteB 
MIN LLS. 52 m 


mfj'no max. exprnencod profedorud iwuston OS 




(71 7] 397-7490 (US. FAX) 


YOUR OFFICE IN PARIS 

it ready whan you need it. 


PrafeaMtial Office Support far 
on the move. Mailboi -Tetecha 


On the mm Mailbra '^etephane/Fra 
service?. Mglexp. tramlanons. etc Tel 
+ 31 20 WJfn Fax: 6881374. 


enas. fnfermafeen from. ASUNCION 
BUSINESS C3JTB» 5PL. Efcgio Arcfci 
Street No 625. PQ Bo/ 2831. Fra 
(595) 2> - 447 <60 Asuncion ParagiKiy 


is ready whan you naad «, 
even for a couple of hour?. 


YOUR ADDRESS nora OreiA 1st dais 
business address, fax-' phone number 


■ FuBy functional modem offices 
and conference looms to rent by the 
hour. day. month, etc — 

■ Your lacteal or permanent base 

• prestige moAna attest. All service 

• (!-••• 


YOUR OfflCE IN MUNICH, compra, 
formation cosisiance, office orinrao- 


BUKO CLUB FRANCE MADBBNE 
12 Bid Madden Pans Feme 
Tel 33-1-M 51 80 BO Fax 33-1-44 51 B081 


Italian service, damaie address, rde- 
r*wne. lax and more Id (R7) 
123 91 912 Fra 123 9-1 582 


BUY ORANGE GROVE5I . 

Firvl return pad 16.6% 
tod annual return? reach over 


attachments for excavator? and irerch 

ihormq ovdlnbte for nothem Amencs 

Same rights also for other countries- BUSINESS SERVICES 

AnoocBHin pambfe- Fox 33-1-45476129 

SELL AN INCRB3IB1E courierfe<! 

defector pen. -hch worts with |4j uq pROFTTS FROM INTERNATIONAL 


Broker's comnssan guorarteed 


different currencies. Tel: 914425-1925. . ._ 

Fax: 91*425-1443 IGA Local Agents Required Across Europe. 

hr 35/40 years! Excellent 1 ]NTL SOCIETY OF FINANCIERS Make Money From Ending Inti Phone 


PHONE/ FAX CAL1S 


FRANKFURT - WE RB*ftE5ENT YOUR USS1JL065. SAMI Finenckl Swvicet. 

Mon-Repos 14, Lrarsanne, Swtb. Td: 


mcpranoramf. Mmfewrn inveshnanl Pnsfeiiond rnen*ersfiip network far 


91, Fg SHtawre 75008 PARS 

Tel [f) ATI .3636 Fra (1) 4266.1560 


.? &■>: 1 1 •> k ' M^ i M' T i > ’ liTIF n'- r I 

.x. 1 jygjyigjy 


Fax 4121-3290052 


Moot Pkrrers Free Air -Mated Rnpon. 
70T252-5907 FAX: 704-251-5061 USA 


htake Money From Ending Inti Phone 
Cal. Catl-Fa> Now For Infer motion. 
Td 44 81 490 5019 Fra 44 81 568 283a 
Did Int t Telecom UK 


MasrieuniMJLP.KB i Ge 

rnanoal nsmunoN 

Bnmelt - BQXjRJM 

darmanon by Fax 32-2-534 02 77 
or 32-2-538 47 91 

TELEX 20277 


F’ROJGCT AND OTHER COMMERCIAL 
And devehpwnt financing, avafabfe 
worfdwicteiJpia 100% LTv7 Tekpharm 


expenenaed p nrf— fend inveatoa a 
|pet wrtora partners la pariidpate in 
the pardiaH of Amenaai slock? at' 
(ubdarrid ttmuni? to airrart imVd 
value under REG 1 Ate, foreign i n- 


dfe. new+y radone, 

dxxoder buttn. 

Tetp)ff0i85E 


vaton loobeg lo borrow agefintf REG 
S stock. Loan to value 1/3 gF oolah 


or Fra brief eteh* to <4 81 519 8479. 


S stock, loan to value 1/3 of co&d- 
erd. 04 Mr. Fenraa at piQ 722- 
3562 USA. Bpnrmf prefaxpond 
mvedor? only. 


tHW&- s 




FINANCIAL SERVICES 


PRIME BANK 


BRUSSELS 

Alpha + 

A burioan center wMi a 
carapiete range of cervice? 


YOUR MUNICH OFFICE 


Eteganlly fermshed offices aid 
meeting room* mullftngud Idephone 
answering service and secretarial; fe>_. 


■ domede address and admimsirahon 

■ special support services 
- fuBy eaupped offices 

Tel: (B9^ 039. Fa. (89)361 7094 



2ND TKAYH. Documents ’ Oierstxp 
available through 100% legal 


DOING BUSINESS WITH THE 
ARABIAN GULF? Advertise m Gdf 
Dxedrav. Cknnq dale June 94. fra 
+4i.i.fcn8i 


ttrCirSSL£t« I WANIH>. Ml BANK. »- 
□ass 3 or A. imsst have 2 ft. helorv. 


90 denn Econamc Investments starts 
al $19,500. Full protection oi you t 


Avenue Louise 207 Bo. 10 
I(ff0 Brusseh. 

TeL- 3XiM5.09.il 
Fax: 32.2.646.42.66 


YOUR OFFICE IN 


LONDON COFWHRI1AL MAILING 

oddress indixkn-j telephone answermg, 
Ira end more IS: 44 fil 556 2979 


DUSSBDORF 

Compeiefy equpped office 
vritti h4 service Germany 
TeL |*4fL2t!-59 1599 
Fra:(+4?i'll-59 12 40 




funds. No piyment unless rou recerve 
*aur documents. Fax: 1+ -r 31) 20464 

68 <6 5w» Inc 

OSTRICH OWFffiOHIP | the oiher red 
meal t hde & feathers). Let us 
introduce you fe if* wemer arm- 
enestment .jf the 90s. Beds 



AMERICAN GREEN CARDS Lottery for 
55,000 Green Cards wil be held by 
the U5. Govt. Enter your name for 
lha once m a We tut* apportuniiy. 
For apiAcafcO'' farm write to: YAZA 
TC Suite 122. 5014 16th Ave, B Wyn. 
NY 11204 USA Fra. 1 718-524-0101. 


CAPITAL 

AVAILABLE 


GUARANTEES 

Ventura Gapfed Bumn Fmtsnce 


nOJECT FDUNCE 
mmSKE CAHTAl 
Avaitable htni 
One niton US. Dakn ph» 
rapeyment term Ihea la Ten yen. 
Tel: INT. + S99V43453/43667 
Fate INT. + 5995-0449 
(ST. MAARTH4) 


FOR SALE BBOtE RBESB5 - 

3 *•* HOTaSESTAM 


NCXDNV0raH»iratTO^i : M®: - 
Cento of Rime. O hadrons dM un»* - 
bath or iFvmw: WC TV uu 9UQ(-^‘— 


—t '.f- 

. t-r 


bath or shower. WC, TV, kkdrw. 

Mi** 

wrfet. Ferpiace. U5 are 
heated swine ' 
brfag spaa?, 


:iiec=-~- ’ 

aSsz-'--' 


Red Estate Long Terra Fraanoe 
and FmaneferGgraatoee? 


FOR AU. BUSHOSS PROJECTS 
Miii mum US $500,000 / No mmanum 


Al Types of Proiecn 
No Cuniunuon UnraFiraded 
Brokers Protected 



Broker's comnussnn guaranteed 


5 AVE * NEW YORK [FREE TTDAUE) 
toMal Forwcaring»fn>®Phoi*- Seroce* 
e» 576 5 Ave - 1103 MY NY 10036 
Tel 212-221-5000. Fax: 212-321 5958 


2nd TRAVE DOCUMENTS. Dnvrr^ I 


traces. GM, 2 FerSdeaus. Voufiagriem. 
Aftens J6671. Greece Ira 3962152 


OfPSHORE COMPANIES For nee 

brochure or odvice Tel- London 
44 B1 741 1224 Fra 44 31 74B65M 


NS) TO HIDE MONEY sa'elv. legal.* 
and prvtitddf* Fax- l«i 7\ oSO 4T9 
for detailL 



Mugiecn MJJ’JCB. and Qe. 
RNANOAL INS11TUTION 
Bnmrii -KLGWM 

Fax: 32-2-534 02 77 or 32-2-538 47 91 
THEX 20277 


REPRESENTATIVE 
Needed to oa at Uason fer us 
m the p rou e ung of then 


" jfyj « 'l> fl ; i- 


GOLD & CURRENCIES 


IBKH nvnA. M» 
hotel with 75 adinte> 

with sea view, dreae a 



m. 

fSv. 

ftefl 

■ kSc:: 

•.■fu 

adc^ : 




SiBe £ 

nuntto 

- itom 
is, fifes:-' 

jte»« 

Scots. 


\v-r- : W3 

>*S 

jrA 

Mi 


100% COUATHtAL For «ty oe* 


worthy project, tenders oral soy.no 
flease tax /-paoe bnef. FAX. 908-244- 


fleaw tax /-page brief. FAX. 
7970 USA. 


Please rechr in Engfah 
VENTURE OLFITAL CONSULTANTS 

fanrastowflt Sanlnr? 

TA31T Ventura Bhrd, Saite 999 
Eadna, UMemn 9143* UAA. 
Trim 6513S5 Venean ISA 
Fra fte (HR) 905-1698 
TeL: (BIB) 7890422 


FF 165iAxwfra|a9»VM 
TeL £339338 4100 - - 


PURCHASE A SALE 

of currencies. Wanraww 
fey tax (32-2) 534 16 88 
Bet^ura. Tcfex 20277 



BUSINESS 


INTERNATIONAL FRANCHISE OPPORTUNITIES 


•' tw 


wishes 


you ei/eny success!- 
in business, i 


Our Service 


Fully equipped offices j- 
from 12 sq.m., 
also unfurnished. 

Immediately available !' 
for days, weeks or \ 
permanent use. 
Individual telephone * 
service, your own 
address, modem 
conference facilities. 


Your Advantage ? 


Representative, 
reasonable company 
address. No commission. 
No long office search, . 

no renovation cost, 
no personnel problems. 
Your office is never empty. 


OFFSHORE 
COMPANIES <1 

BY LAWYERS 

IMMIGRATION 

& TRUST EXPERTS 


OFFSHORE TRUSTS. COMPANIES. 
BANtv INTRODUCTIONS. NOMINEES 
A ADMINISTRATION BY UK LAWYERS 
OAimi matnroRAmm fff? ocl unomtnuiKm 


■ IRISH (Ml ESI C1B5M 

■ ISIaE OF MAM f 195.00 

■ DELAWARE llc £495.00 


B.VJ./PAHAMA £265.00 


LONDON OFFICE 

SCORPIO HOUSE. 102 SYDNEY STREET 
CHELSEA. LONDON SW3 5KJ. 

TT 44-71 352 2274 
S 44-71 8739638 


•HOW TO LEGALLY* 
OBTAIN DUAL NATIONALITY 

Lit W r* cui rjiwjlij. i-ii tnc: inn 

canine n^sas.' Jim fiKm* : ELL iSKEiTOl'S 
T tt f'-\VE3 cJ 1rp.lv xiciJ tie. pn eunes> 
2 nd 5i '.'c Pi'crir the r-iirr ;hcji m 
tarc» Hn» tetente* feni TAX E>LE 


HOTEL £. OFFICE =EP UN 

Information and reservation: 

Monday through Friday 
Tel.: +49-30-60 00 88 88 
Fax: +49-30-60 00 83 88 
Rudower Str. 90/94 
D-IZ351 Berlin. 


For ioar FREE BROCHURE ud PR1- 
' \C\ SEB? LETTER that win bdp 
maLc and veure rnur monct w rile to: 
•tenpe loll ltd. Box J3U. 
Fmi'jJc flrerc ■ Fpreri.<ii: 

Pm Into. Oa-xlc ■ llj.Tji • pen r-FT . I’.K. 

T<1 * it 70* ■ Fj« *4J 735 63132: 


One-To-One Contacts 


Large Scale Meetings 


All Contacts are Guaranteed 
Discreet & Confidential 
NAFTA, GATT. AFtC. European Union, 
Eastern Europe. U.SA 


GLOBAL BUSINESS CONTACTS. Ltd. 


Our professional, eipenenced staff has developed substantial, credible, 
upper-level contacts in industry, coveinment big-business, universities & 
thin F '-fanks. Our liaisons an effectively ramp-up your ability to provide an 
enhanced, value-added bottom- line in all pnases ol commerce and trade. 
Now you can become more aggiessive/competitive against mature t- 


ability to compere globally could be geometrically enhanced once you avail 
yourself of our services Secured commercial loans available. SI0 M - SI00 M 
USD available Broiers welcome 


The Conference Round Table. 33 li Sacramento 124 
San Francisco. CA 0J1 18 l»I I 36 U.S.A 
Tel. 4IVJ46-43W - Fax: 4IVJ46-433U USA 


FOR SALE 
TRUST COMPANY 


SHARE OF A JERSEY 
(Channel Islands] 
REGISTERED TRUST VEHICLE 


Ideally suit institution or 
corporate client 

To complete your comoary s global 
asset protection ability an 1 
have an international profile. 


| interest principles cay ap tfr r? IHT 

I Box 1235, 63, Lone Acre, 
London WC2E 9JH. 
l United Kingdom. 



Investor requires to purchase 
SLCs from approved hanks. 
Totally funds-first procedure, 
or your acceptable procedure 
net. Performance guarantee 
payment offered and required. 

file lu nilabitift and price 
(principals or nuuidtUcJ 
agents nrdyi to: 
r+4-f>IO)73.825-85“6. 


Master Franchise Opportunity 
Available - Cash In On 
. Indoor Air Quality 


"Indoor air pollalioa is a amirting problem. 

Suxi malic bas Mailer Franchiies available throughout 
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"EnvucainKnUil derating is our greatest asset, and 
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company offers yon a full line of indoor 
coyimunenLoi services, opening ibc door for 
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unparalleled services, training and oa going support 
services into Uie2lsi century. " 



LLOYD SW1GGUM 


1-817-332-1575 


Success is only a call away 

FAX: 817-336-5118 


JOINT VENTURE SOUGHT I TELECOMMUNICATIONS 


OFFSHORE BANKS 


• Ma iriie n t/wninerciol bank 
■ Accept dcpcuU 

• Clone A licence 

• No quchticcficvt raqui'ranent? 

• No town O’ tnyetfe? 

• Total cnevjrniiij- 

• Boon?* iharo? 0.11 

• Nominee ctiroctor? O K 

» Immediate delivery 

• USS 1 5.000 or S25.000 wi+ a 
■twice mpeny 


Cell or fax /or i?w details! 

Ron Jensen 

London Tol 71 331 5157 Fu T1 231 682B 
Catuds Tol. BOi 94 2 61<9 Fir 942 3179 


TOWER CRANES FOR SALE 

! fl 8o Li-jbherr 3 c n HC Tenter Cnrie 
Height ISO lib Length 20S‘ 
Excellent - SM0 000 


l-T&A P«:o icon Twer Crane 
Hoci Meifht TS - lib Length I7fi‘ 
Excellent -S17\nno 


|0fea Pecco PC 1 700 Toaer Crnne 
Ho-?k Height «> 1 lib Length 1 JO' 
Ver-- - Sou 000 


More aartss available For more 
trfomy'ion Faa: “07/935-3460 


Leading US-based marufaciurerct 
exclusive hi-tech sur»e.li3n:s n ; £ht 
opti-3. aim^r: £- ccwrr.rr.er.: 
secunr, oraducts ;cr over '.ears 
seefi |V partner ro manufact^r’e 
distnbute abroad "CCS one 
of the largss: t- bes: Lnc-wr 
companies in the fait gro^m; 
surveillance m jmtonng ; nduitne* " 
Fortune Magazine, 
ccs -tel :r:-fifi7.?.)jri 
Fax. :i2-*33- 127a USfi Wr. Mr f.mg 

orTtL i0«71 405028“ 

FAX 'GlTi c2 - ■*5?i Lcrtcor. 

Attn M- Hk? 



OFFSHORE BUIS 
ASSH/MOME PfiOTECTION 

42 'isn •jrcvv'O p^ssord 

OT r&TTy?V ry q3 Vsfej p blW«5. 

ASTON CORPORATE TRUSTEES 


19 reel »ocs De-jgb Isle cl Man. IMIXIS 
Td 062-1 6265^17 Fcx- 0624 625126 
orbr.dcn 

Tel . FI J 222 8E« - fra. R 233 1510 


CHINA 

If JTJC 3rd to hey Chncw tarirhia*.— 
rahivr goodx sarie a Ciin* 10 yew 
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Page 13 


ASIA/PACIFIC 


H3cr 

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Delay of Stock Issue 

Marks Setback lor 



mpanies 


• NEW DELHI - nw^, 
raais decision to postpo^Tsi 

e 5 w ^ Offering of Vidcsh 
Swohar Nigam L idX coimuy 
mtemauonal ™ uy 


5 s Inn, began April II in Hong 
through Europe 


sent stock pric» tower fn 


IV. 


.^«i«MS£E 

Jibe Bombay Stock Exchange 
national index slipped 0.4S ner- 

2 “^. 1 % L7W-67, whSetbe Bombay 
Stock Exchange index lost 1.53 per- 
cent, to 3,673.51. ^ 

- '^ nces plunged as soon as the 
market beard the government's de- 
futon," said Srinivas Subraman- 
ian, head of HO Asia in India. 

■ Afctta Optrcart of VSNL was to 
he placed with international inves- 
ts via global depositary receipts 
this week. The receipts were to be 
pnoed between 1,400 rupees and 
1,600 rupees (544.00 to S51.001, bw 
M ost of the bids were much tower, 
government sources said. 

“There was an element of over- 
pricing in the issue and they obvi- 
ously could not sell it," said Na- 
ymder. Salmi, an analyst with 
Marun Partners. 

- Government sources blamed 
weak overseas equity markets for 
the VSNL issue’s inability to draw 


ahigher price. 
The is 


. — issue would have been the 
first attempt by a stale-owned com- 
pany to raise capital overeeas. It was 
expected by analysts to be a test of 
foreign interest in India's marke ts 
Roadshows for the issue, which 
was to be placed by Klanwort Ben- 
son Securities and Salomon Broth- 


Kong, traveled 

uuvugu uuupc 

and ended last week in the United 
States. 

Some analysts said the issue could 
have brought the asking price three 
or four months ago. when world 
stock markets were rallying. 

•‘was looking to raise too 
much at a time when India and 

worldwide markets arc pretty 
weak, "said Paul McKenzie, an an- 
alyst with Credit Lyonnais. 

Klein wort Benson and Salomon 
Brothers said the issue would have 
ran folly subscribed if the price 
w»e lowered to between 1,100 and 
1.200 rupees per share. 

“We found widespread global in- 
terest that justified the sale,” said 
Alex Graham, head of capital mar- 
kets at Salomon Brothers in Lon- 
don. “It was the company's deci- 
sion to postpone the sale.’* 

“This is really bad news for In- 
dia,” said Tony Singh, with the 
London-based brokerage Cresvale. 
“There were so many other Euro- 
issues from India winch were hop- 
ing to ride on the back of VSNL’s 
success." 

Indi a n companies are planning 
to raise more than $9.0 billion on 
international markets thU year. 

Privately held Indian companies 
have raised some $2.6 Union on 
international equities and bond 
markets last year, as they took ad- 
vantage of overseas financial insti- 
tutions’ approval of the coun toy's 
economic reform program 

The withdrawal raises questions 
about how India will now nme mon- 
ey for planned tdecommamcations 
projects. 

(Bloomberg, Rotten, AFP ) 


Callback Services Hang Up Japan 


By Steven Brull 

International Herald Tribune 

TOKYO — Japanese bureaucrats, who 
seemingly toy to regulate everything from 
styles of student hairdos to the right to bid ou 
construction projects, have temporarily given 
in to an upstart group of American compa- 
nies offering cut-rate international telephone 
services. 

Several thousand subscribers have signed 
up for so-called callback services, marketed 
here by about 10 small American companies, 
which offer rates less than half those charged 
by Japan’s international telephone carriers. 

With callback systems, users generally dial 
a number in the United States, Bang up after 
it rings once and then wail a few seconds for a 
computer to call back and provide a dial tone. 
They can then make a call virtually anywhere 
to the world at discount rates. 

Although the callback companies’ presence 
in the Japanese market was minuscule, Koku- 
sai Den .shin Denwa, Japan's main interna- 
tional phone company, petitioned the gov- 
ernment in January to take action. 

The complaint, also signed by Japan's two 
other international carriers. International Te- 
lecom Japan and International Digital Com- 
munications. charged that callback systems 
unfairly exploited international telephone 
regulations that make a practice of not charg- 
ing for uncompleted calls. 

The petition also said the systems tied up 
circuits and deprived the companies of reve- 
nue. AT&T Coro, made a s imilar appeal to 
the U.S. Federal Communications Commis- 
sion last year, but the companies are still 
operating. 

Officially, Japan’s Ministry of Posts and 
Telecommunications is still studying the is- 
sue. But administrators admit they are at a 
loss how to respond. 

“We have to establish a new regulatory 
system; but we haven't got any specific 
ideas,” said Hirokazu Suds, director of the 
ministry s tariff division. “The situation is the 
same in other countries.” 

In France and Germany, where callback 
companies are also attempting to make in- 
roads, authorities have expressed concern, 
but regulators in Britain appear untroubled 


by the new services. American officials, try- 
ing to balance the interests of major carriers 
such as AT&T and the upsun companies, are 
silting on the fence, Mr. Suda said. 

“This is a victory of the deregulated tele- 
communications industry in the U.S., which 
has spawned innovative technology," said 
Toshio Kawakami, president of the callback 
marketer USF Pacific Inc. 

Callback operators say their success is due 
solely to the high rates charged by phone 


'We have to establish a 
new regulatory system, 
but we haven't got any 
specific ideas. 9 
Hirokazn Suda, Ministry of Posts 
and Tdeoonuniuiiearions 


companies outside the United States. It clear- 
ly has come m spite of the systems’ method of 
operation, which can be downright cumber- 
some to use when , canning a facsimile message 
from a computer, for example. 

These problems, along with the lingering 
uncertainty about their eventual legal status, 
have prevented operators from advancing 
into markets more quickly. But for a growing 
body of corporate and individual users, ibe 


prospect of cutting international phone bills 
esistibte. 


in half is irresistit 

“If both the U.S. and Japanese markets 
were equally deregulated and cost-competi- 


tive, the niche for these services would dlsap- 

ittobe 


pear," said aU.S. official who asked not to I 
identified. 

In fact, callback services have been made 
posable because of deregulation in the United 
States and been made successful by what 
might be railed pseudo-deregulation in Japan. 

KDD, the Japanese long-distance compa- 
ny, charges only slightly more than AT&T 
does for calls between Japan and the United 
Slates, and the difference largely reflects the 
rising value of the yen. But callback operators 
survive by reselling international circuits they 
have leased at volume-discount rates from 


MCI Communications Corp. and other com- 
panies. 

In Japan, such resellers do not exist. They 
are not prohibited — in fact, the postal minis- 
try would like to encourage such businesses. 
But they do not exist largely because a group 
of legislators who are dose to the labor 
unions of the dominant domestic phone com- 
pany, Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Co- 
instructed the ministry not to require carriers 
to offer volume discounts to resellers. Not 
surprisingly, none of tbe earners has made 
any such offers volantarily. Tins is the pseu- 
do-deregulation. 

“If KDD wants to compete, they ran re- 
duce their prices,” said Mr. Suda, the minis- 
try’s tariff director. "But KDD does not want 
to compete directly, even though we often tel] 
them to consider lowering their prices to deal 
with tbe present situation.” 

There is little disputing that callback ser- 
vices are getting a free ride on tbe interna- 
tional circuits of major carriers during the 
few seconds it takes for a computer to trace 
the source of tbe incoming calL 

“It’s a form of piracy,” Chuck Goto, an 
industry analyst at S.G. Warburg Securities, 
said. 

Callback operators say systematic exploi- 
tation of the regulations is nothing new. they 
point out that answering machine s, including 
one marketed by AT&T, have for years al- 
lowed users to determine whether they have 
any messages waiting for them by the number 
of limes tbe phone rings — meaning they can 
hang up if there aren’t any and not be 
charged for the «»n 

Still, most of the callback operators say 
they would be wilting to pay a reasonable rate 
to com the cost of tbe uncompleted call 

“We’re not interested in free-riding on a 
long-term basis,” Mr. Kawakami said. 

KDD, though, says it is not interested, 
arguing that accepting payment would be an 
endorsement of the services and that it would 
have to install expensive equipment to moni- 
tor the charges. Instead. KDD wants the 
companies to use more expensive toll-free 
numbers to route calls to the United States. 
Japanese companies share in the revenue 
from these numbers. 





Sotaces: Reuters, AFP 


Imnufcnal Herald THbnne 


Very briefly! 


First It Was Stocks: Now, Companies Will Trade in Shanghai 


Reuters 

SHANGHAI — An electronic marketplace in 
which Chinese companies can be bought and sold by 
both domestic and foreign investors will begin opera- 
tions in Shanghai later this month, a market executive 
said Tuesday. 


media as a bold step forward in the country's plans to 
restructure its crumbling corporate base 'and attract 
more hard-currency investment. 

Tbe exchange president Gong Jiemin, said the first 
batch of 220 companies, with a total value of 2 billion 


The Shanghai Enterprise Frehange was officially 
fl with 38 members, mostly blue-chip 


formed in April 
financial institutions and industrial enterprises such as 
China Eastern Airlines and the Pudong Development 
Bank. There are plans to offer seats to fonagn congja- 
tries, although no timetable has been set . 

The exchange is being trumpeted by China's official 


yuan (S230 nriHian), had already been put on tbe 

ion them Friday. 


market. Another 109 businesses are to join i 
Mr. Gong said that after the exchange opens near the 
middle of May, trading will take place every 20 days. 

The largest company of the 220 has been valued at 
mare than 100 milli on yuan and the smallest at 
290,000 yuan. 

Tbe long-term goal is to use tbe exchange to sefl state- 


owned factories, but for now the bulk of companies on 
offer are collective “township and village” enterprises. 
Collective enterprises are typically owned by local gens 
enunents, but operate on strictly capitalist lines. 

Details of tbe companies will be accessed on com- 
puter screens by exchange members, who wfl] act as 
brokers. The companies win be liked using code 
□umbers, and their names will be revealed only when 
an initial sale agreement has been reached. Stale- 
approved industrial assessment companies will pro- 
vide research on the companies and set what they 
consider to be a fair price. 

The listed price, however, will be intended only as a 


guide, with tbe actual price to be determined by 
competitive bidding. 

When it matures, the market could offer a new 
venue for direct foreign investment in China’s boom- 
ing economy. Many overseas companies are looking to 
expand their existing markets in the country by ac- 
quiring local enterprises. 

Half of China's slate factories are now losing mon- 
ey. and selling them raises problems about what to do 
with their debt and thdr bloated workforces. In addi- 
tion. state factories cannot be sold with the land they 
occupy. By contrast, collective enterprises are usually 
debt-free and are being offered lock, stock and band. 


• Hong Kong will begin receiving natural gas in 1996 through a pipeline 
being built from an offshore ofl fidd in the South China Sea, according to 
arina Light A Power Gv, which is buying the gas along with Exxon 
Corp.; the field is Chuta's first joint venture in offshore oil development. 

• Sega Enterprises Ltd. is to start distributing video-game software 
through cable television networks for the first time in Japan, the Yomiuri 
Shimbun reported. 

• Shanghai Petrochemical Co. and Itochu Corp. agreed to set up a 529 
million venture to make polypropylene products used to manufacture 
film, household appliances, toys and auto pans, the China Daily report- 
ed, quoting a Shanghai Petrochemical official. 

• Unicord Du a Thai canner of seafood, said it planned to sell a 10 
percent stake in its U.S. subsidiary. BumMe Bee Seafoods Incu which had 
losses of 65 million baht ($3 million) in 1993 and 750 million baht in 1992. 

• South Korean companies won overseas dvil engineering orders valued 
at $1.53 billion in the first four months of 1994, up 70 percent from a year 
earlier, the nation's construction association said. 

• Sri tanka said it accepted an offer of $102 million from Caltex 
Petroleum Corp. of the United Stales for a controlling interest in Lanka 
Lubricants LtiL, a subsidiary of state-owned Ceylon Petroleum Corp. 

• Vietmun said a consortium made up of the French fertilizer manufactur- 
er Procooco, a Vietnamese partner, Sogema, and Norsk Hydro A/S of 
Norway had begun work on a 59 million port near Vang Tau. 

Return. AFP. AFX 


Indonesian Executive Risks 
Life Terra in Bapindo Case 


Agence Fmnce-Prtsse 


JAKARTA — Eddy Tansil a central figure in a $430 million credit 

of life imprisonment in his trial 


IBM to Help 
Quna Build 
Networks 


BEIJING — International Busi- 
ness Machines Corp. said Tuesday it 

had signed a memorandum of un- 
derstanding with China's Ministry 
of Electronics Industry to work on a 
range of information technology 

-ZiLir IivhwKnii a rv’TurrwVmC 


projects, including a networking 
Jdnt venture to be based ii 


in Beijing. 

Bob Savage, general manager of 
IBM China-Hong Kong Corp., 
said IBM expected to spend about 
$100 nriUion on the projects over 
the next two yean. 

In its first phase, the joint ven- 
ture with Jitong Communication 
Co., an affiliate of the ministry .will 
hdp set up regional commomca- 
tions networks m Chinese dries as 
well as a “backbone’’ network link- 
ing the systems into a national one. 

CNna’saims are to develop a con- 
sumer raid system and related ap- 
plications, to interconnect informa- 
tion networks involved in foragn 
trade and to brnkl a national eco- 
nomic information system . 

Separately, Siemens AG said in 
Munich that tbe Bering «iecom- 

mumcations adannwm had 

ordered 560,000 dmtal telephones 
for l7 tdepborie exchanges it wants 
to modenS* wifliSHDjiwPj 
(AFX. AFP, Bloomberg) 


^ meat. 


Papua New Guineans to Sue BHP 


■ Onnpiied tp Our StaQ From Dapareha 

! SYDNEY. — Broken MBPty. 
is to face a damages claim of 4 
billion Australian dollars ($2.85 
taHton) in a class action suit by 
6,000 Papua New Guinean vif- 
lagen who accuse the Australian 
: resources company.of destroying 
their way of Hfe, their lawyer said 
Tuesday. 

The claim is expected to be 
lodged at the snprane court rtf 
the State of Victoria in Mel- 
bourne on Thursday. 

The mining and resources gi- 
ant is accused of having dumped 
» to 100,000 tons of waste every 
from the Ok Tedi gold and 
copper mine into tbe Ok Tedi 
River, allegedly destroying tbe 
villagers’ wavoflife. 

Broken H31 said in a state- 


ment Tuesday that its position 
“derendc ’ 


would be 1 


Jed vigorously.” 


Nick Styant-Browne. the law- 
yer based in Melbourne who is 
repres enting the villagers, said 

that a subsistence lifestyle that 
had survived for thonsands of 
years had been wiped oat in the 
past decade by “an environmen- 
tal catastrophe.” 

But he said his dients were not 
wiring riwmggps from the gov- 
ernment of Papua New Guinea, 
which is a 20 percent shareholder 
in Ok Tedi Mitring Ltd. He 
main tamed that the company 
was only an “investment vehicle” 
for Broken HQ1, which was the 
major shareholder with more 
than % percent of the shares, 
and tbe sole manager since 1987. 
The government had been a 
“passive shareholder” and 
pushed for construction of a dam 
to prevent sludge from da m agi n g 
the river, he said. 


Broken ffiQ “made all the rele- 
vant decisions, in particular the 
environment decisions about the 
mine at ah relevant times,” the 


lawyer said. “It’s our view that it 
is likely th 


cely that many of those deci- 
sions were made in Melbourne, 
and the villagers want to bring to 
BHPs hometown the conse- 
quences of its corporate Irre- 
sponsibility.” 

OwnosWp of the OK Tedi ven- 
ture is undergoing a restructuring. 
Broken Hill is expected to emerge 
with a stake of 52 percent, the 
government of Papua New Guin- 
ea with 30 percent and Metall 
Muring Corp. of Canada with 18 
percent. MetaO Mining is con- 
trolled by MetailgesdQschaft AG, 
the German metals processor, 
which itself was struck with mas- 
sive losses late last year. 

(AFP, AFX. Reuters) 


Alan Bond Speaks of Memory Lapse 


Reuters 

SYDNEY — Alan Bond, die Australian tycoon, 
said at a bankruptcy court hearing on Tuesday that 
he had f Oigotten whether he andwrized the found- 
ing of an offshore campany to handle his personal 
finances in the 1970s and 1980s. 

“I don’t remember," he said. “It is too long ago" 
Hassid bss figandal affairs were complex and there 
■arm mnre than 900 companies in his entire. At its 


that empire was valued at 10 billion Austra- 
i dollars (S7.1 billion). It sank under a pile of debt 
in 1990 and he declared himself bankrupt in 1992 
Mr. Bond’s lawyer bad told tbe court last month 
that Mr. Bond’s IQ had dropped to 90 from 150 
after he underwent open-heart surgery in 1993. 
and that brain damage suffered after the surgery 
had led to memory loss. The average IQ is 100. 


Swire Sees More Projects With CiTlC 


Bloomberg Business Nets 

HONG KONG — Swire Pacific LtcL the Hong Kong-based real 
estate, aviation and trading conglomerate, said Tuesday it was hoping to 
develop more real estate projects in China in cooperation with CIT1C 
Hong Kong. 

CiTlC Hong Kong is owned by of China International Trust & 
Investment Corp- which is controlled by the Chinese government. 

Swire is already working with CITIC on a S200 million, 1.1 millicn- 
square-fool O0Z300-square-meter) shopping and office complex on a 
prime location in central Shanghai. It should be finished in 1997. 


scandal faces a maximum penalty 
scheduled to start next week, a court official said Tuesday. 

Mr. Tansil president of the Golden Key group of companies, was 
arrested in February for failing to repay a loan oi $430 million made by the 
state-run PT Bank Pembangunan Indonesia, Bapindo. He wiU be tried, 
starting Tuesday, on charges of corruption and violating banking laws. 

The attorney general’s office submitted the files of Mr. Tansil and of a 
bank executive. Maman Supaiman. to the Jakarta courts on Saturday. 
There was no immediate word mi when Mr. Supannan, who was the 
responsible official at the bank when the credit was issued to Mr. Tansil 
would be tried, though a court official said it would begin this month. 

Meanwhile; news reports quoted Sutomo. the deputy attorney general 
for special crimes; as saying the latest investigation had found that four 
middle-level managers of the state-run bank had received payments of 
about 200 million rupiah (593,000) each from Mr. Tansil. The four, who 
were not identified, are not in custody. 


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(Continued From Page 17) 



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KrraliOKSribtmt 


age 


Pag 


ill ma 
eci 


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makei 
hat wt 
' nsuf* 1 * 
itour 

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collapse we 
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nade of ® 
possible. 6 If” 
Palestine ™ 
and Jcrit 31 ® 1 
now. "6^ 
rs now ijoer 

offices vhe 1 

obecorw ldai j 

venting 

te, a 

for30tnf “ 
*uL stunn* 36 i 
itgoawa’E 16 
Mr. Aral m 
da’s inaui"" 
aides. 3" 
uited exe 
fat’s paw^un 
ipcakmg " 

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• Commit 
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was “mo 
at refused 
jhrasing v 
d around 
a minister 
letails of 
nrefaand, 
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this way." 


4S: 

diene 


i Page 1 

cal in No 
/ear. Corat 
lian. Viigji 
: massager 
ping and h; 
ures of Myi 
3a, has a h 
eral law fir 
ices for crii 
ae says, “C 


(ways incre 
ion, the pn 
rich represe 
r magazine: 
that I00,( 
an issue w 
, with an ad 
rated to ne> 
and areas n< 


a made its « 
ng budgets 
ies. The clos 
eareadverti 

3y the indusi 
loch Nails, a 
ties, a prodi 
iacco Co. 
rth, Mr . Sir 
ns, which c 
and they co< 
mild up. 
n Isold 360, ( 
ns of thousai 
es,” Mr. Str 
», 1 sold ton* 
ally used asc 
could have s> 
s of sneaker 
ket out there 


ge Ral 


n appropm 


responsible 
rage policy, 
view on thed 
countering sp 
I States was t 
:ls for the doll 
to in fioac 
VDiiam McDt 
the Federal 1 
w York, said 
ay. “You ca 
.oating exchai 
inge rale targp 
; said Tuesc 
that the G-7v 
a floor under 


t 


lock 

duin; 

held 







NASDAQ 


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HttfiUM SK*> 


Div YM PE lOh H«n UWLaKKlCn'W 


H.'jKmffl 
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Dr/ fid PE 1o5s HflB L0wLgtC8iOi'9t 


IJ.VMtlh 
MW- LO* SW* 


Sli __ 

Dtw no pe into Wuft Lwmieg Ofw 


Tuesday's 4 p.m. 

Tills list compiled by me AP. conasis of fhe 1 .000 
most traded securities in terms of collar value it is 
updaied twice a year. 


UAtanti Sfc 

Won Low Sloth Div YW PE lOOi Han LcwLanwOrec 


S I ',17% FTP SB ._ 31 

1*17 RmHm 5 J2 1.1 IB 
Ifli* 7%Fastcm 


I: wiomti 
Hw* Lew Slock 


Dhr Vld PE lOOs High Law Lutes Oi'ae 


37%16%CagleA* JO .9 
3’%, 1 v.. ration n _ 

?3« lBWCamWx JO .9 


Tuesday's Closing 

Tables Include me nationwide pnees up to 
the closing on Wall Street end do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Via The Associated Press 


1 JVi 1014 COBRTyl IJ* 9J 

VUlEH " 1J4 


14% STkCarinotn 
„% Vi.Ctnowi „ 

JOV, 12 CositeA M 2.4 

fe Zm cosFd - 140a 6.7 
jffk OHCatafU _ 

17 BMCavdHs .08 3 

5% 4%CeatTen _ 

'*« VuCentTc wl _ 


12 Maim 
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Pjv VW PE IPP» High LcwUgiMtcn'Be 


*44 *4* AIM SIT 
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11 9'tAMInlln 


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<•* 1%ARI Hid 
36% 22% ARM Fat 
2v>i 1H,A5R jqell* 

75*6 61 J; ATT Fd Jjfe *1 
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~ 4 3% 

2? 1*72 35% 
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79 225 4 

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3S<* — W 
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14 ISO IS 

«- 341 5% 

— 06 '*11 

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_ 357 S'-i 
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TC". 23% 

fig fft 

B% BA. 
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2 i.,FrkSawt _ _ 122 *n Vt rip -V B 

9’ . S YFrosemos - 39 53 7% 6% 7 _. 

4’ 3 TViFrJedtn ,16b AD 17 17 4 4 4 — %, 

184. l3ViFrivJtt Jftb IX 20 19 14W 14% 14% — ■/«. 


_ _ 122 "11 
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1941 19% 
23V. 23% 

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20*, 20% 


9.7—77 16% 
7.9 *77 ft% 

_ » 1197 n, , 


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15% 9%AdvMoa 


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3% 2', Aaroson 
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£% IkAirraa _ 

7% 5WA2amcD _ 

Jl>4 8'. j Albov/ 

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7% H-.AIfln 
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71% 3*4011101 


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^ is ’i ,sa ,hs - 1 ; 
feW™ = = 1 S a iala 

Sv'TSlS"'- lv sv, 

’IS i « 5". ?% 5% -% 

141ft 21tT5xrB "■ ^ IS 4% 4% 4% — 

! S ■ lift 


H.S'S.t* we unoWeteL Yoorly MgW CA* 
me previous s? »wfc i p|m me current wjHl™" 1 
trading dov. Where o spilt or nod; «vtdw* 
percent or more hos been pokUn* veor\n* 
dividend or* shown tor me new s»e* o« y. ".-a i— > 
rwled. rates of dividends ore onnuo» dfstt* 4*/ rirTO * / . - 
™ l«ea> declaration 

b— annual rote (H dlviaefid plu* stock dlvldtoa. , r 

c— nuukutung aiviae/xi. 

cW — called. . . 

0— newmarirlow. . wt ._ 

* - S'vicients deciorw or now in 
flj-aivklend m Conoaian funds, sowed W IS'** 1 ' 

l’“2! wl fi nd Stored offer sp(II-«p or stack d - 

JZZ 0 v '?F n0 pnm >his rear, omtned. oeterrrd- 
l“ ,e 2.° dividend tneding. __ . 

f— dividend declared or paid this veor# on « 

^au e wim qividends In orreers. __ , , 

n — lrrTt»epcjf5rwe«t(*.7T’8 , ' , « ,, ^ ,wW ^ -Tv 
with the siort of I rolling. .j 


rate aarew* 



T% %.Supin un 
4 4".%SE>OC part 


-.... ...c aim , m ironing. . 

"p — next dov dettverv. -x-i 

r'E- Bnc5-eornlr»35 mifo. . 

r — ahrwetw declared or paid In prectdlng II mfl, v 9 

slock oi vidend. • ,s 

l,— Slack 5MII. Dividend begins *wm oofc dw* _ 9 

5f3 --sales. -aP^rl 

00 1,1 ln 3'ock in pr*M0edin» 1»S“SK 1 

oasnmujeonentiviaefKJoremJisiriBunonB®'* 

.. JL*'! reariyhm. .l.3 

v — iroding nailed. — 

&p nl ' r w>icv or receivership or Qcf ng r ? Zaig [ ^:3 
w^ine Bankrupicv Act, or seturHtea own**" m . 

wd — when dfs'riau urn. 


* 4I>.%SEV* 
3 *■ l%TCS 
11% JhYlE 
If *6 4% Tin 
6% J T5F 


5% 3'5-rSm ■“ 1 ’3% 171V 13 -% 

SS JMW ^ 1 J rfft I % .% 


waiiaiasRv ,:ia K g p* iis 


c °nfer, 


It 13*/,T^;y 38% 37% 38 

7V|t l'.uToSSa U -400*1 - 74 14% (4% 14% 

7'k 3%TnxRliin “ _5 1% lYu — V.. 


l':“Tene»a 
J,' aWTcufliim 
}2 ‘* Zi?ip*«or 
w B^TheimdS 


- - Jg 4% sy. s% ~\i 

- 12 S? !?"■ 11% 12 

- 47 394 Uft, 14% i*% .»"• 


wd — when dfstriauiea. 
m —when Issued. 

** — wiltl worrnrTts. 

— e*4l5trlbution. 

* w — withouf warrants 

'.T * '-d'viaeiw and saies m hilt 

riB yiera. 

* — Minin f ulf . 


8f V 


ence. 


s 


g ener gv fensi 







ro * the 


w or!d 


over. 




































INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 199* 


advertisement 


sassisssr 


C*.Orow«lML«l 






For information on how to list your funU» fax Simon OSBOIWI ^.( 33 - 1 ) 4 B 37 21 


. . . Forjunher 

tnfoTmatumonikc conference: 

.>•" : Brenda Hagerty 

**.' Intenutioo^Jl«i^d.Tdbane 
■ k; 63 Long A<^ London .WC2E ?JH, England 

vf 1 " 7 " 

,• ; 71):83M717; 

• ;• S'- ; • ;:--v : v y y . • y 


OIL & MONEY 

Asia & the Pacific 

Singapore * Jttne l 5 C? 16 

Hcralb^^Snbunc The Oil Daily Group 








































































Page 16 


INTERN ATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4., 1994- 


SPORTS 


Nuggets 

Survive, 

Not Magic 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dhpzttha 

A healthy dose of hustle and a 
solid game from “Mount Mu* 
tombo" kept the Seattle SuperSon- 
ics from sweeping the Denver Nug- 
gets in thdr first-round series. 

Dikeznfae Mutombo had 19 
points, 13 rebounds and six 
blocked shots, while Reggie Wil- 


blocked shots, while Reggie Wil- 
liams scored 3 1 points, as the Nug- 
gets, playing at home, posted a 1 10- 
93 victory Monday night in Game 3 
of the best-of-5 playoff series. 

A loud and enthusiastic crowd 

NBA PLAYOFFS 

waved signs that read: “Mt Mu- 
tombo, 5,237 feet” a reference to 
Denver's mile-high elevation phis 
an additional seven feet for Mu- 
t ora bo's personal elevation. 

“We were hustling, blocking 
shots and rebounding, and that’s 
why we won," Mutombo said. “We 
had great intensity, and Reggie 
gave us some true leadership.” 

Denver bolted to a 15-point first- 
quarter lead, and the Sonics 
couldn't get their deficit below sev- 
en the zest of the way. 

Denver, ou [rebounded by 104-78 
the first two graes, held a 43-25 
advantage this time, outshot the visi- 
tors 60 percent to 43 percent and 
blocked !2 shots to Seattle's three. 

The victory, which end the Nug- 
gets* 1 1-game playoff losing streak, 
was thdr first in the playoffs since 
May 14. 1988. 

Seattle leads the series, 2-1, with 
Game 4 Thursday night in Denver. 
A fifth game, if necessary, will be 
played Saturday afternoon in Seat- 
tle. 

Pacers 99, Magic 8& Indiana 
sent Orlando home for the summer, 




Major League Standings 

AMERICAN LEASUB 
East DtvbkM 



w 

L 

Pd. 

OB 

Boston 

18 

7 

.720 

— 

Baltimore 

15 

9 

J2S 

Vti 

Now YOrk 

15 

9 

A2S 

2to 

Toranta 

14 

11 

J&t 

4 

Detroit 

9 

14 

J91 

B 


Central Dieislon 



Cleveland 

13 

» 

MS 

— 

Chicago , 

13 

11 

-5C 

to 

Milwaukee 

13 

11 

.542 

to 

Kama City 

11 

11 

J00 

lto 

Minnesota 

10 

16 

J82 

4to 


west Division 



Seattle 

11 

13 

ASS 

— 

Texas 

10 

13 

ASS 

to 

Californio 

9 

17 

J4t 

3 

Oakland 

s 

17 

-320 

3to 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 



East Division 




W 

L 

Pd. 

OB 

Attanta 

IS 

9 

425 

— 

Montraat 

15 

10 

-600 

to 

Florida 

13 

13 

£20 

2to 

New York 

12 

12 

£00 

3 

Philadelphia 

11 

14 

A40 

4to 


Central Division 



Cincinnati 

14 

8 

£47 

— 

St. Lads 

13 

9 

J9I 

2 

Pittsburgh 

13 

ia 

£45 

3to 

Houston 

13 

ll 

£42 

3 

Cmcaeo 

4 

17 

451 

9 Vj 


West Division 

San Francisco 13 12 £20 — 

Colorado 11 12 .471 1 

LOs Arietta II 1* MO 2 

SanDleoa 7 19 .249 4to 

Monday's Line Scores 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 
Tran H MM M * 3 

Detroit 1W MO fit J-W 12 l 

(is Innlim) 



A* Kotaoet'Tte AwediMd Pm. 


Reggie WflBams scored 31 points for die Nuggets, Dedef Sdbrempf led the Sonics with 18. 


completing a surprising three-game 
sweep as Reggie Miller scored right 
of his 31 points during a 13-0 
fourth-auarter run. That gave the 
Pacers inrir first playoff series vic- 
tory since they joined the NBA in 
1976. 

Indiana will play the winner of 
the Atlanta- Miami series, which is 
tied at one game apiece. 

The Magic, in the playoffs for 
the first time, led by 78-70 when 
Shaquille O'Neal picked up his 
fifth foul and went to the bench 
with 9:22 to go. After Anthony 
A vent scored for Orlando with 
right minutes lo gp. Miller sank a 
free throw on a technical foul 
against Tree Rolhns. then Rik 
Smits got a three-point play. 
Miller, averaging 29 points in the 
playoffs, hit two baskets after O'N- 
eal returned, Vein Fleming scored 
and Miller added a 3-point goal for 
an 88-80 lead. 


Room, FoWrtto (5k Oliver (0). WWtosWe 
(9k Henke (KJ) and Rodriguez; Moon. Heme- 
man l»J, Gardiner (10) and Kreufar. HRs— De- 
troit. Fryman (2). Fielder IB). Gibson (4k 
NATIONAL LfiAGUS 
cwanncfl M3 «30 090-9 10 1 

fflTTBK ooa one bod n 3 o 

Smiley and Dorset); Banks, Wendell Uk 
OND 191. Bufllnger (9) and Parent W— Smile*. 
3-1 L— Banks. 2-1 HRa-CMclnnan, Howard 
13). Boom 121. 

Baa (Mete Ml 1 M boo — 1 I I 

PMtedatoMa a 20 171 Ms-7 9 0 

Ashby. Elliott 17) and Airstnii* Clark 14); 
Jackson ana Doulfon. W— Jackson. 34. 
L— Ashby. 0-3. 

San Francisco 009 nd oso— IS » • 

New York ON BM OU- 3 7 3 

Pormaot Frey (8). Monts le o ne (V).MJocfc- 
son (9) and Read; JonevSerrdnara (3). Linton 
ISkMatuanlllo IBI and Hontftov, Stinnett (9k 
W— P o r fuo a t M. L— Jones. 3-2. HRs — San 
Frond sco, Ma. Williams 113). N.Y„ Seoul (2). 
Lot AOBBlaS 3M DOB 901 — 5 r I 

Mostrsot BM IS) BBn— 19 19 3 

Kt.GfoXb Dali (SI. Drsllort (S). Wayne 17) 
and Plano; KXHL Roles (8) ond Fletcher, 
soenr IS). W-HIH. 5-1. L-Ke.Gross, 0-1. 
Sv— Roles IB). 

The Michael Jordan Watch 

MONDAY'S GAME: Jordon was 0-tor-4 
with three strikeouts and a fly to center. 

SEASON TO DATE: Jordon Is lMor-72 
( .230) iritti tour runs, two doubles, nine RBH, 
live walks. 27 strikeouts, seven stolen Bases 


Japanese Leagues 

Central Leoeue 



W 

L 

T 

Pci. 

OB 

Yotnhjr! 

14 

7 

0 

M3 

— 

Cnurridil 

13 

B 

0 

M0 

lto 

rokutt 

10 

10 

0 

£00 

3to 

Yokohama 

10 

11 

0 

A7t 

4 

Hiroshima 

8 

i: 

0 

AtO 

5 to 

Hanstun 

7 

13 

0 

£50 

4to 


A basket with 4: IS left by O'Neal, 
who led Orlando with 23 prints, was 
the final field goal for the Magic 

Anfemee Hardaway had 13 prints 
but 10 of Orlando's 23 turnovers. 

• Golden State's Chris Webber, 
the iop pick in last summer’s draft, 
on Tuesday was named the league's 
rookie of the year. 

Orlando's Hardaway was second 
in the closest vote since 1981. We- 
ber got 53 votes to Hardaway’s 47 
from a panel of sports writers and 
broadcasters. Webber, was drafted 
by Orlando, was traded to Golden 
State for Hardaway. 

Jamal Mashbum of Dallas got 
the remaining vote. 

• Quinn Buckner was fired after 
one season as coach of the Dallas 
Mavericks, the team with the wont 
record in the NBA this season. 

• The NBA disciplined 15 mem- 
bers of the Miaou Heat and the 


Chunlcni A Yakut) 3 
Hansntn 4, Hiroshima 5 
Pacific Li 


Atlanta Hawks for taking part in a 
bench-clearing brawl last Saturday. 
The most severe penalty, a three- 
game suspension and SI 5,000 fine, 
was assessed against Keith Aslans 
of the Heat for leaving the bench 
and slugging Douglas Edwards af- 


ter the fighting began in the third 
quarter. Edwards was suspended 
for two games and fined 510,000 
for punching Asians in retaliation. 

Gram Lone, ruled to have start- 


ed the fight oy striking Atlanta’s 
Duane Ferrell m the neat, was sus- 
pended one game and fined SlOjOOO. 
AH three suspensions are without 
pay and began Tuesday night. 

Six players from each team were 
fined &300 for leaving the bench. 

The Spurs Dennis Rodman was 
suspended for Tuesday njpht’s 

S me against the Jazz for a senes of 
grant fouls that led to his ejec- 
tion from San Antonio's 96-84 loss 
to Utah on Saturday. (AP, NYT) 


formal. 4:30; Barr, DaJ IrauaMnal. 4.-30; 
AntaikL Van (rouatilno). 12:05; Burs, Vtn 
(MgtraNdclng), 14:52. 


ora 


Imnuutoai Ntttdd Tribune 

OPENHAGEN — The scent of spring 
V-' makes spots dance before the eyes of cow- 
earns Italians. In each case, it is the top spot, 
for, like the Romans of old, the soccer duns of 
Italy venture north imo Enropenot to take pan . 
but to conquer. 

If others were in a position to fork out 
billions of lira, as Italian benefactors do-, they 
also might expect to have silver cops laid at 
their feet. So, tins Wednesday, next Wednes- 
day, and the Wednesday after That the Italian 
giants anticipate dealing up cm the European 
trophies. 

On this Wednesday, in Copenhagen, Parma 
AC seeks to retain the Cup winners' Cup try 
defeating the 

Fn gj iiih team ^ M 

ArsenaL Next Roll ' '~9 ' 

week. Inter- Huglwa 

nazionale of 

Milan, though in the midst of an otherwise 
quite barren season, plans to build cm the 1-0 
lead h already holds over Casino Salzburg of 
Austria in the two-leg final of die UEFA Cup. 

Then, on neutral ground in Athens, AC Mi- 
lan, the property of Italy’s new prime minister, 
meets Barcelona for the grandest prize Of all, 
the Champ ions* Cup tide. Whisper it quietly in 
the circles of Prime Minister Sifvio Berlusconi, 
but 1 suspect, and believe me 1 hope, that die 
exotic ana free-wheeling players for Barcelona 
will prevent a dean sweep by die ItaHah teams. 

That Mmm« that, as an En glishman, I con- 
cede defeat for the Loudon team Arsenal 
against Parma. It is a daring admission to make 
when one is traveling in the company of Arse- 
nal and its determined, technically cunning 
manager, George Graham. He insists, indeed 
he virtually commands, that the tenacity of 
Arsenal's team ethic will prove the equal and 
more of a Parma team whose individuals are 
unarguably more gifted, and whose promised 
bonus for winning the Cup Winners’ Cup is 
$225,000. Which is much is more than the 
collective sum that has been offered to the 
Londoners should they triumph. 

Parma is run by a coach, Nevio Scala, who 
sometimes says he wiH prefer to run his farm in 
Padua, but who is paid a king’s ransom, and 
works more as a kind of choreographer than a 
coach. 


provid ed by Parmalat, the riant intenwiiofli-; iu 

portantTgoak Asprilla, who grew' np on the. ; a apedator M’.Wednesday. . - A 
soccerfieW streets of a Colombian vifiagE, can '. ' So, fcy : other rea sons, B Arto»J ?J>wn A*- 
moyeas swiftly and as graceful ic araitrey-'^ arifi 

hoimd No defender can read ha ixaeat, for ft is. ofayer, 

doubtful witedrer Asprilla knows his own nriud.^ lorgoel scoring, had founddm net 82 ton*® 

1 -Ttyim td.oootmn. % player, jyte pHmWrfy 126 garnet m the red and white. Arsenal colot 5 - 
since he can strike from. any angle imcl with Huiraa one-man acoriagmidBnerOTmsp^ 
either foot, is Kke expecting to control a spider . . am ip his teammates. not 
■ with a fishing netAoucan not iatiorudlypr©- .-. t usdne ss . dSy and unnecessary foulplay, cos 
diet his at tacks, cannot predict dr deny his =: Jam a srapension to what was. potentially, ua 
movement and, when he scores, the trademark - most exciting night of ^JrarasKHUU career, 
from Asprilla is a cartwheel of joy; It roggests : Without hbm^rsenal^nm rt- di g deep mto U? 
that scEsewhere inside farm is the aazy notion o^racy.^f its players 
that soccer, even at this lewd,' is chfld's play; - embodied m Tony Admns,a6-fo«-3jK*at^ 
And he, a driM of 24, homesick for Mcddlfi -^teht AeJwrt ahbe ^Eughsfaicain’s dtfenseJ* 
turns op on practice days withtes faithful boxer j who wili neither, rest nor aDpw^ms ew- 
dog Apollo, before he disappears- fibre the » “prorate, m trymfcfnrtflf aMo idtfy 

t racing ground on a mopedr - v ,. -' -"thc oppoffllioOi.thrtJ to grindjd<k)wn, finaI]y to 

The Italians understand the blessing of pure 
skilL One rif dxsr own, the third-Pariztalitiuer,. 1 


1 stiike>faen the oppenents is weary, 
.I3t sodnds Hce the ineawiHe fot 


force meeting 



W 

L 

T 

Pa. 

OB 

second period 4. Vancouver, Bure 4 (Lto-; 

BASttBALL - 

Seibu 

14 

7 

0 

£47 

— . 

den MomeMO),1. -33.X Vancouver. Luiamel 

America) Leoeee 

Dotal 

13 

8 

6 

£19 

1 

(Adame. Bora), 10:23 (fp). L Doties. MaM- 

TEXAS— Put Dean Palmer. 3rd batemaa 

Orix 

19 

10 

a 

£00 

3to 

dwxl(Eklund,awrial.ni40 (PPL 7, Dalles. 

an lSdav disabled list. Oottened Stave 

Nippon Ham 

8 

12 

1 

.400 

5to 

McPtwe 1 IHatdter, Barr). W:14. Penal- 

Drayer, pitcher, to Oklahoma Ofr# AA. Ra- 

Lotte 

8 

12 

0 

ABO 

5to 

Nee— P.Brotca Dal {slasMng). IdS; 

cdtad Jett Pnnx inflektor, and ftadar Falor- 

Kintetsu 

4 

IT 

1 


5to 

Mamaw,Van(hoaUnal,11d)l; Hanfer.VOa 

rta, pttdiar.from Okfdwma City. Rob Ducey, 


TraduVi union 
Yokohama 7. Yontlurl I 


Tu«KJayM RWIB 
SoIDu 7. Nippon Ham 2 
OoM i Lotto 1 
KKtlenu 8. Orix 5 


ItjHOCKEY 


Monday’s NHL Playoffs 

COMFERSNCfi SEMIFINALS 
C M l H ) 

Sob Jon 111-4 

Toronto 1 1 *— I 

Finr parloB— l. Toronto. Cork 2 (Gllmour. 
Gartner). 2:31. 2. Son Joan. Larionov 3 (Oar- 
podJov). 7:09. Fenattles— Ellk. SJ f hooking), 
4:18; Irbe. SJ. xrroe Or Krauaa (ooicrv at 
game). 4:41 : Eastwood. Tor (hoiamoi. 17:33. 

sacoad period— 1 Toronta OsBomo 1.7:11 
4. Son Jauk Fot won 1 (WhHfwv. Mora), 15:38. 
Ptnolttoi Miro n ov. Ter ( stash lng),fl:24» Er- 
ror. SJ I high- Sticking 1, 10:54; DudMito. SJ 
(Intorferoncel. 18:10. 

Third portod — i Son JOM. Carponlov 3 
(Lar i onov. Osotlnn). 17:44. P enalt ie s Os- 
borne. Tor (elbowtng). 4:32; Oxaltnsh. SJ 
(irtaalng). 12:13. 

Shaft on goa)-5an Jom 9-l0-»-29. Taranto 
5.14-11—31; pow or -o to y B peo r ft attteo— Son 
JosoOotS; TorartoOof 5: ooolios— U.MN34 
(31 snotf-19 mvus!. Toranta 129-3*). 

Vencoovor 2 3 M 

Dallas 1 2 1—4 

First period— 1, Vancouver, Craven 1 
(G.Courtnail Lutnmel, 1:58. a Vancouver. 
G.Cogrtnoil 5. 5:11 a Dallas, F.Broten 1 
I NJroton. Sooner). 1 1 :38. Penadtas— Manrt* 
chuk. Dal (MWv^ncUnsL :44; Bure, van (el- 
bowing). V.33; Momesn. Von (goalie btter- 


(Interference), 11:41 

TWrd petled-B. Dalka. McPnee 2 (Churta 
Evasan ),3:57. 9. Voa GMnas 3 (Lafayette), 
13:21. WL Van. Under) 5 (Baby eh), 19:45 (enl. 
Penalties— Ofetucfc, Van (hWvstkfcJng), 
4:40; Barr. Dal (MotFStldilna), 1 2.-22. 

Shots on aoel— Vancouver 11-141 -3 3 . Dal- 
las IS-1S-9— 39; pe w Mar opporteadlte- 
— Vancpavir l of 3: Dalka 1 of 4; oealles- 
— vmouMr.McLiaaH (79Wton-3*sovei). 
Dallas, WAatuki 4-1 (33*28). 


CYCLING 


outfWdar. aearad waivers and wasasslgnod 
la Oklahoma City. 

CHICAGO CUBS— Pal WIMe Wilson, oat- 
IM*r,an lSdavdbabM DM. RtcaBed Kseta 
Kobe nan, owttMdor, from Iowa. aa. 

CINCI NNATt— optioned Wlffle Gram la- 
lleWer, to mdlonapa i h. AA. 

LA. DODGERS— Maul red Jett wimotne. 
pneher, an wafvtrs from Seattle M aligned 
bim to Albueutraue, PCU - 
■ASKBTBAU. 


is Gianfranco Zoln. a player tike countless Jtal- " °P the immovabte =6bpxx. Fair enough- 

ians, gjvcn Ins firs football in infancy by a ‘Spwt M about both , kmds, and if .we.oould 
village priest. Zola did not appear- to grow conjure, up thb ideal contest to watch on a 
enormously from that childhood*. since he is. : baknynightinacity rf<heams*»dias C^peu- 
only 5 foot, 5 indjes talL Yet his left foot can 1 hagen, the Uagh^KiL • . 
impart swerve and spin and breathtakmgpred-,' 

sioc on free kicks — he has scored ISumesin .’ ' r - r -:“L 

^&£S2g2S3ZiS2& Cup Tickets Go Quickly 

once for evay three free kids be udres. 1 - . - r ... tst Aaocuant Pmr 

NEW YORK— Nineteen World Cup tnatdv- 

S URROUND THOSE FORWARDS with _ cs have been sold cue,' mM, with ah 
the adventurous fullback play of Antonib . ticke ts for 11 snug Smdrt on the first day of 
Benamvo and Alberto Di Onara and yrai have, widespread rin riMumf n Jy mui three more 
on a good day, an almost inesitible Parma V.. idling out Monday. ' . 

impetu s. And Arsenal must, in addition, snb- - . No dckdrsro left- fiy matches' involving 
duejlte creative playmaking m midfield of " lta^fidand,hfodco andNorway. - 1 '* 
Gabndle Pin. the. agia& dender fefiow cast - . -Offkids ^i thatmore than lOftOOO of the 
aside by mqar clubs andyet able to coqureiqp : -Jibout 450,000 ^ringk-game tickets were sold 
moves of marvelous, flowing inyeaticn. .. .ftinday v , V ; 

; ‘ I'": '^-r- . . Officials sud that" more than 
^ lQ0j000 of the 1 aboot 450,(XX> sin- 

- ; v_ . gteganjatidrets weresokl'&iiMiay. 

'..’•■‘v;, 4. • ‘ ’Three matthes sddoct Monday: 

r _ *■ - Cptomhra-Uintcd States on June 
22. in . Pasadena, f-aliiWmia; Nige- 
ria-Grceceon June 30rh Foxboro, 

Mnirrt^rififli nrimflri ^ Massachnaettt, gfld.^e fthg 2 aec- 
nce committbe— unud- wonM ' 1 MPJ8 KiMywia -.- .. onAgound game in .warirington. 

cdsoieof FMiadsMiM Eopioa - ■ ' - - -« g w 'ii M ‘ Tlcictsraiwined available Mon- 

S i J S l f!'i„ MMonr • » .»;*'■ >v-*9 day for 32 matcfa^Jmdtufing all 

•BatAto)rad»r,dttonp|yobacfc . 44 T 7 , tfNua! 9-175-10 U Antondn DaraSimd-rOnna^ MraUgBL 

dw ^ n - H ar o o wBY^n va u BkDo»* 4 M 7 ,Au«rt )4 . , • A french court nanded down 

rsTfiSStss: gar g MM *s! i !! i . * , yyy, ^ ^ w 

sti fctoiJtrp p o nto, Agim d to indlimn' DDovts 5-9 5-2 Q. McKpv »1 44 - months andfioed w SUppOCtCTS Of 


totons-CMe Sbnmom, dofonsNu «nA and 
Sptti Jamor, nnatocktr. AwvM Artano 
Bttb pick oM9M dratt os find companaHon 
tar (dslna Tim McDonald, satotv. 

NFL FINANCE COMMITTBE—Untod- 
maialvaaNravcdsaleaf FtHafslptiia BodIm 
( ran Harmon B mman la J Uray Loris. 

ARIZON A W touad Tony Sacca quartar-. 
bade. Rrieostd Tbnn H a— iMbOi. iwtar 
Back.KNMdBraafAimndw,Mmi«abaciL 


BASKETBALL 


MofKtayWBA Pi^fof»»7^ 

O ri aodi • ■■■-.*-» . 

Mritanr ‘ - » » 22 n— 99 

bMtoaa «M«ada»M- . 

0rtwMpucryBtaewtakS942lZXklcMt5«: 
* 4 17, 0'Noal 9-175- W 2t Antoradn MM 


ySST’Sr?’ : MARovWMWBRomnoM*flfcTatatal|. 

cornsTDoau u no longor o rromiwon pwyv . jg 14, . .• 

fro* pwta- Rgraae ta nMtona : DDavts 5-9 0-i a. McKpv HI 4-4 


torm swHft Rk 2cv3toktora.wWprara1var.tot3- tasaNtaVll 15-15 22- MHtor NMfrMt 31." Parta Sr, flerrmim far aMwcgn^ fiD. 
raor contract. x. « ■ ■ ■ _ • _ I v V. 


BUFFALO— Sgntd Jotto Bock. eMtto. 


CHICAGO— Sanad Stam Md H b u u s . auar- s470 2MB-99. 


WBrtonanr7MAADavtoM>44,nMMng4- 
l»«a.MltClM>»4 MOLBJcMfM WATdota 


Ecana duriog a matcii iart year. . 
The stiffcstsentCDcBj 15 months 


Tour of Spain 

R«ialts«ratoTi i aMaYsatoWi»9ogfc144Uta- 
metors (itSJ mtani) from Mtodomt to Valan- 
da, Spain: 1, Joan Pad Van Poppu), Nattwr- 
lands. Latus-PasHna. 3:55:09; 2, Juan Car la* 
GanzolK. Sea In, EinkOffl, »mo ttmp; X En- 
drlo LpanL Doty. Jollr,s.U A Antonio Fonatn. 
Holy, ARtara and Vltob b-U X Mkhi I Virtnatab 
Botglwm. Lofus-Fpsttna, tJ.; 4 Laurani Jato- 
ourt. Franc*. ONCE.sJ.; 7, Ansat Edo, Spala 
Ktoma.sJ-- B.JpwprSklbtn’, Danmark, TVM- 
■tson. 9, Fabto Rotcioa, Italy, BraadatoL 
sJ.: HL Gian FognJnl. Itotr. Mo r cptana> sA 

Oygrafl U o— Hgi : I.Torrv R om l ngpr.Swtt- 
nr1and.AAapat-Clai, 34:50:40; XMlkM Zarre- 
baltb Saaln. Banana, 4:18 batdnd; X AIM 
ZuHa,SwUtertand.ONCE.4:3B MMndrAPa- 
dra Dptgoda Spam, Banasla 4:47 bdtlnd; 1 
jtsasManiora.SpalfvBonppta4 m bahtod; 4 
LwcLPBtone. Franco. Latus-Fnltna, 4:09 ba- 
Wnd; 7, Erik Brauktnk. N — wrlono s . ONCE. 
4:22 batdnd; 4 Loudallno CuMno, Saabv 
Kttmo. 4-.2B bantad; 9, Vtcmta Auarlda 
Spain, Banosta 7« Mtttod; W, ONvarta Rin- 
con. Catambta. ONCE. 7:31 bontod. 


NBA BOARD OF OOVERNORS-Apiantad Mrataa back, to Xyi 
Mpototad frandilM to Voncouvar group CLEVELAND— A« 
Doodad by Arthur Griffiths to booln pkn> to Griffin comwbadL 

^IcAGO^AdhnrtPd Blit Cartwright, ran- 1 

tar. from Murad list. Pul Cork Blount, for- . 

ward, an Murad nsL Vrapr co ntract. Sign 

CLEVELAND— Ad tvetad John Bcttto, - . 

guard, trofTi imuraotlsr.Pto Gary Ataxandtr, 
tamanL an Inlurad UsL toaas. n antoi jstt c 

HOUSTON— BlgnM Earl Curator*, forward, “ 1 '7« r oonfrae^ 
to conirod for ram olnrtar pf Mason. DETROIT— Signed 

ORLANDO— Pto Jtot Turner, tarwaro, oa bach, 
inlurad lid. Stoned Gaert Hommlnk, cantor- . GREEN BAY— M 
farwanl tar ramalnNpr of eeaMn. nlnabadc: MfikoJu 

HOCKEY Wttaer, twit end, 


BM»*-^ftaHc to ^ 4.» ms ebn mi -fa prison, waaMied Tnabsentia to 

1 *r > wmt«.oaortprtKxk . ; Fientinp h workman Mi. tataMk-^ - : Bour.yptog]Biea were sentenced 
•wkkisi toned M),indw*o3i(ao«MtaU).. to 10 moutiir in jnisbti ^and placed 
Cleveland— A grood to terms wtti* pan rni'm o on a.three-ycar probation during 


Iracf. Rataosed Crdto Heyward runAtab bode, 
RataopBd Fetor Iton Wlitta. anariarbock. ' 
CINCINNATI— Signed Donald Stoyrariidt- 
taratoe back, to 2-yeor contract. - 
CLEVELANO— A g raefl to tarms wtfti Dan 


DALLA S — Homed MIM Zimmer aeaond- 
orv coocn. RgMgnad Jaa Fldibocfc, satotv. fa 
Vraar contract Signed KettoPatMMMInsiVe 
tfnamen. . . 

DENVER— RptatoMd GCW Kragerw tWM -Saa«ta;9ebramFf59H»WrfCtoi»>M44 
tackle, stoned jaH CampbatL wide racatoer; M-Caoe T4 T-IX OW7-M M I XPayton »*M7, 
to 1-year contract. ' Per«ns4-tt»lX»cMin«tMM4PtarT»»- 

DETROIT— Stoned Dove krivi quarter- lM*a*tawM*4fcCIUngMMa,Jahnwi ' 
JZZ - wave wra, uuarmn. M ^ a 7^ fl432M4 1 . 

OREEN BAY— Stoned Reode Cobb, rut- *? 

ntna badi; BMrho iurirnrlc auara, and Jeff SLMutombe MOST If, Abdul Rauf MSG 1W 
wZorTtmtmt - ttttoMM tfcNgdU44ia RogecMW Ti 

BJNtlUnmeM 424 Met 1-104 X Hammond* 

HOUSTON— Res lrucf u red cm t H o af afCotfy - MMaTBBndrirO-lMaBfgafciMMlTB- 


2S,Tedm(catS An deraon^oWnkWwkmorv vAkh they m forbidden U>gO U6U 

saaMa '• - « Vb-»- «- uv stftdHus where a, soccer match 

Deafer' 41. ■ si 1 J5H* is^ bemg phtyed, 

Seattle taade -series 41 


TORONT O Btolen ed Frank tttakwra, left rratlm 
wtoa. la st JatoiX AHL. run iw»4n. b*. 

VANCOUVER— RecsKed Mike Peen, ran- Ml 0# ‘ 

ter, from Ottawa OJHL Recalled Mike Feun- 

Mr*, goalie, irom Hamilton, AHL ^ "• 

FOOTBALL 

Nattanal Foetbptl League 

NFL— Awarded F td ladelp hl o ei dr aFl ckbe- 
iween tel ond 2nd rounds of 1994 draff as final 
comoensonon tor toeing Regal* WWto, deton- INOLISN PRttMlfl 

shie end. end nira mck to 1993 and 19M tor Carantrr X Btackbura 1 


MS 41-41 23-3S I ML. ' . 

4-Fetof gn pl i B e n ft le 4-H (McMDon 44 


Fenslve Itoemcn; MWwel Brandavdefenttve GMI VX Payton VXSdvempf 54, Adunr 0-1, 
end; Jam Buriesan, rtgirt end; and Aaron Pertta B«i Denver 5-14 (R-WWarw 44 


SOCCER 


■HOLISM FRIMIttR LttAOUB 


Pttdk 14 AbduMtouf K4 Rogers Mt Mwtad 
BU> McMHIct RM eundt Slof t le 44 
(Sdmmpf «), ttonver at (Mutombo to. Ac- 
it itB— Se at tle 13 (FaytanS)> Denver 27 (R.WK 
Km ■)- TeW toeto-Beaftto 44 Denver 44 
Tedtotcde—adnmpt Payton Seattle RtaBaT 
defenee. BAeBUams z Rle dta p B JMtnus. 


ip-^r 

Jnvestmrar 

in fo r matf on 

-Reod- 

!»>• MONEY REPORT 
•vary Saturday • . 
InHtolHT . 




fc:. 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 




















iht 


ficamirx nf l- ^UB i. 

JMsDaish-^r 1 ^. 

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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4 , 1994 



Page 17 


age 


^ arrived 

SJ'i^oad rSy* 

W pfen^ . ,c ;« an. 

f S»»«o of hu'5 1 » 


Homers Galore: Are Baseballs, or Players, ‘Juiced Up ? 


*.« ra-Jch solk ^Id 
«8hl 


ByMmTByChass 

m^^‘^S^ lalCT ' ,he 


|ed by Jim Abbott, took their tun), walk- 
mg^O Oakland batters. 


■My. 

Denmark *7^ Was 

isiHuno... * , J r «SO<||y 


combine poorer pitching with 

^Ib^siiorliymeorTMCAn* ■ u ^ anner weather, and the increase in 

- s ter <*>* > 9 * 


eight snides from where they thought 
the ball was going to be." 

After home runs reached a record high 

in 1987, they plummeted the next sea- 
son, from 4,458 to 3,180, a decline of 29 


-.*5 *6 ueen awe tn n ., » . rr UC 1 C» IWJOU* hviu ->,-uu w J, 1 UV, a uuuiw w 

: Smith, the RawKnw ^SJS’ "ght? Only if the game’s Sheriock percent, and slipped 3 percent more the 

unrated to teD the Holmeses presented no other evidence. following season. 

§^ been^ t ^^’ thcbasebail L They do, of course. Some present the 
■ ■ U * 5 ' baseballs as Exhibit A. No one has actu- 

ally 


flBTO^om the 


even 


1 ®-A^=iS3E*. 


St nor 

ag. first of vii , “ 5 . < 2- 

nd it down 
ii»»ear\ • to 
astible fo-rci 
object, fnr i^JJS 
ds, and ,r u : nou ft. * 

* tSS 


, bj^^f^outtrfbaUparics b r^S 

*-*««*■, fa 

708 *??“* ^ “ April, 
21»more than were hit in the etpiivalent 
mnoDer of games at the start of last 
season. 

The avoage of 2L22 a game was much 
Jngte than last April (1 J8) and higher 
?SS i?” P® «»«Metting season of 
-•.posVpen battCTs hit 2J) a game in Aprfl. 

But it is not only the numbers that 


.. proved that the 1994 balls are 
“juiced up," the phrase of choice of 
baseball broadcasters everywhere (no in- 
ning or film clip would be complete 
without utterance of the phrase). 

No one has duplicated the Rawlings 


mystery. Smith, the Rawlings 
the mal 


Tbc] 

more or a mj 
man. said the materials, the specifica- 
tions, the manufacturing process and the 
testing process haven't dunged in any 
way since the company begin making the 
balls for major league basdraH in 1976. 


quality control test in a bid to show that 


: balls are livelier, but some managers 
and players have reached that conclu- 
sion nonetheless. 

“I go by judging the orafidders," said ■ 
Tom Kelly, the Minnesota Twins’ manag- 
er. “Outfidders have been chasing balls all 
their life. When the ball goes up, they run 
for a spot They have a pretty good idea 
where the ball is going to come down. 

“What Fvc seen is outfidders go for 
the ball, and ah of a sudden they change 
their angle and go back, five or seven or 


drcumference. If the ball were wrapped 
tighter, as some people suggest, more 
yarn would have to be used to make the 
ball large enough, and that, in turn, 
would make the ball too heavy. 

Two managers, Fh3 Garner of the 
Milwaukee Brewers and Jim Leyland of 
the Pittsburgh Pirates, are among those 
who don't think the ball is different. 

Leyland opts for the weather as the 
most significant reason for the increase. 
Gamer also cites the weather, but his 
primary factor is the titters themselves. 

“It’s time to give credit to some of 


to Costa Rica in 1990. supplying its fust 
baseballs from there for me 1990 World 
Series, then for the 1991 season, but 
Smith said that didn’t chang e, anything. 

“Whether the ball is made in Costa 
Rica or St. Louis," Smith said from his 
office in Sl Lnuis. “it stQl has to meet 

the same specifications." Furthermore, 
the number of home runs dropped from 
1991 to 1992 before rising last season. 

The weight of the bah. Smith said, 
remains between 5 and 5% ounces, and it 
measures between 9 and 9tt indies in 


these good young hitlers who are coming 
own," he said. ‘There are big- 


in to their own," 


r, stronger guys than there were 10, 15 
are ago. and there are more of them.' 9 


years ago, 

“For some reason we don’t want to 
give credit for baseball bong better." he 
said. “We want to blast it for bring worse. 
The last five years or so, look at bow 
many quality players have come into the 
league. The 10 years 1 played, we didn't 
see that many quality players come in." 

Garner was speaking of established 
hitters like Frank Thomas, Ken Griffey 
Jr. and Juan Gonzalez, but consider the 


even newer players, rookies for the most 
part, who previously weren't around to 
hit home runs. 

Id April, Carlos Delgado of Toronto 
hit eight home runs; Manny Ramirez of 
Cleveland. Bob Hamelm of Kansas Gty 
and Javier Lopez and Ryan Klesko of 
Atlanta hit six each; Greg Fiikl of Seat- 
tle and Eduardo Perea of California five 
each and Jeffrey Hammonds of Balti- 
more hit four. 

Players generally are using lighter bats 
with thinn er handles, the idea bring that 
they can get the bat into the hitting zone 
faster. The faster the swing, the farther 
the ball will go with good contact In 
addition, many players are willing to risk 
a strikeout in an effort to hit a home run. 

“I see an all or nothing approach to 
hitting," said Willie Randolph, the Yan- 
kees’ third base coach. T see the head of 
the bat flying through the zone." 

Expanding that theme, Gamer noted 
that “we like sheer, raw power in our 
society. We like the in-your-face athletic 
prowess. That's what home runs are. I 
asked my 15-year-old son why is basket- 
ball popular. He said it's not the shoes bat 


h’s a great way to do in-your-face stuff." 

“It’s a great show-roe-up sport," Gar- 
ner said. “The home run is in your face. 
They throw their bat and stmt their 
stuff. That’s in your face." 

In April 51 players hit two or more 
home runs in a game. Last April that 
number was 25. Two players did it twice 
last yean six did it tins April 
Then there is the difference in the num- 


ber of home runs some players hit last 
Zeue of Sl Louis 


April and this: Todd 
went from 0 to 7; Jeff Kent of the New 
York Mets, 1 to 8; Steve Finley of Hous- 
ton, 1 io7;Tim WaBachof Los Angeles, 2 
to 8; Scott Cocper of Boston ana Julio 
Franco of the Chicago White Sox, 1 to 7; 
Kari Rhodes of the Chicago Cubs, 0 to 6. 

Players also have been hitting more 
opposite-fidd homers, though no statisti- 
cal service has data to show the increase. 

In probably the most bizarre develop- 
ment, amid the proliferation of home 
runs and runs, two pitchers, Kent 
Mercker of Atlanta and Scott Erickson 
of Minnesota, pitched no-bitters. The 
major leagues had not had two April no- 
hittere in 25 years, since 1969. 



New YdiTmes 


^have managers, players, television coro- 
fam 



’a w 



■*> -Mat 

"'i® 

r-: ■ v_ .« 



$i|ttatctts and fans talking about the 
togbalL It is also the sight ofhome runs 
from h itters Dot noted for power, of 
-seemingly mo-hit balls soaring into the 
stmdjs; of Masts to the opposite fidd, 
and of multiple-homer games by the 
fike&of arch ndativdy obscure players as 
Kari JRhodes and Todd Hundley. 

Some say the ball is livelier, or “juiced 
■” to use the common baseball termin- 
y, and that major league baseball 
. wants, it that way. 

- Others cite the inferior quality of. 
jiti ffl i g , the wmmer-than-usua] April 
weather and the improved ability erf Dit- 
tos overaL 

. ; . "Whatever the reason, the numbers are 
indayntaMcL 

. -- Tbs year’s April average projects to 
~5$3S' home runs for the season, com- 
pared wuh4,458 in 1987, but if the trend 
that prevailed that season an d last sea- 
son re fallowed, the average win rise as 
the-season progresses, 

. In 1987, the 2.0 April average became 
112; last season the average went from 
158 in April to 1.78 at the end. 

L An increase in home rang during the 
coerce of a season is not s urpri sing be- 
cause hitters tend to hit more home runs 
when the weather is wanner. Some base- 
baff people tiled a warmer first month 
ihan^ usual as a reason, perhaps even the 
- primary reason, for the startlmg increase 
in home runs this year. - 
' ~ “April was warmer than normal ev- 
egrwhercr «*d Sparky Anderson of De- 
, twit, the senior manager in the majors. 
r*S« had winds everywhere. Usually, 
,w who. you go into Boston, the wind is 
' bfc ii Mtg deadiiL WIieaweweretiiere.it 
dprih out In New York,. 

out Ifsheeo btoSmg -out haSw." ...' 

~ AH the factors, real and imagined, 
contributing to Ihie dramatic increase in - 
home runs have also produced marked, 
increase in runs scored, ttxv *nd not just • 
on borne runs. 

Teams scored 3,319 runs in April's 
319 games, compared with 2,875 in the 


Senna’s Body 
Flown Home 


The Associated Press 

BOLOGNA — Doctors per- 
formed an autopsy Tuesday on the 
body of Ayrton Soma as investiga- 
tions continued into the crash tha t 
killed the three-time Formula One 
champion oo the seventh lap of 
Sunday’s San Marino Grand Prix. 

Jose Botafogo Gonjalvea, the 
Brazilian consul in Milan, said the 
coffin bearing Senna’s body would- 

be flown from Bologna to Paris on 

Tuesday evening, then pm aboard 
a flight to SSo Paulo, Senna's 
hometown. It was expected to ar- 
rive in Brazil Wednesday morning. 
The so-called “black box" com- 


k’s W illiams Renault and that 
of the Shnldc Ford driven by Ro- 
land Ratzenbergcr were being ex- 
amined by their respective teams in 
Britain. The finding s will be report- 
ed to the sport's governing body, 
FIA, which has scheduled a top- 
level meeting Wednesday in Paris. 

Ratzenberger, an Austrian rook- 
ie driver on the Grand Prix circuit, 
was killed the day before Senna 
died. 



Brauraa Mjtotb 


In Tokyo, a Japanese woman laid another wreath Tuesday on tbe front of the McLaren Honda that Ayrton Senna drove in the 
1992 Formula One season. The racing car was displayed as part of a memorial at the Honda Motors company’s headquarters. 


New Look Cubs: 
It’s Blue on Blue 


The Associated Press 

The Chicago Cubs ended a tradi- 
tion, not then- losing streak. 

For tbe first time at Wrigley 
Field, tbe Cabs wore something be- 
tides white uniforms. Instead, they 
trotted out in blue jerseys, but the 
change in look didn ’t change their 


of 


BASEBALL ROUNDUP 


SIDELINES 


Sharks and Canucks Triumph 


Bams Take Step Toward Moving 


fs an increase of 15 percent Hits 
were up 5 percent and walks 7 percent 

The increase in walks would seem to 
xnpport the contention of many in base- 
Jbah that poor pitdung has contributed 
to tire increased offense; perhaps, it’s 
also a reflection of what some pitchers 
maint ain is a shrinking strike zone. 

. “There are some pitchers who say the 
umpires are stingy with tbe strike zone 
so they have to put the ball down the 
middle;” said Joe Torre, the St Loms 
Cardinals’ manager. 

-Evra if that’s not so, they are putting 

the ball down the middle. Expansion has 
watered down the pitching.” 

If anyone doubts tbe plunge m quality 
pitching, check a few gnnes fromme 
New Yotk Yankees’ schedule last wedt 


ANAHEIM, California (LAT) — The Los Angeles Rams offi- 
cially informed the city of Anaheim on Tuesday that they are 
terminating then 1 lease for Anah eim Stadium, effective Aug. 3, 
1995. .... 

Exercising the escape danse in tbe 30-year lease signed in 1990 
freed the Rams to negotiate to move elsewhere, possibly one of tbe 
cities that failed to land an NFL expansion franchise. 

•Tbe Kansas Gty acquired quarterback Steve Bono from San 
Francisco to back up Joe Montana, obtained from the 49ers last 
year. (AP) 


The Associated Press 
The San Jose Sharks and Van- 
couver Canucks opened their sec- 
ond-round series in die best way 
possible: winning on the road. 

The Sharks, who in the first 
round beat the Western Confer- 
ence’s top seed, Detroit, resumed 
their playoff run Monday night 
vnth a 3-2 victory in Toronto. 


game-winner by scoring off a fa- 
ceoff with 4:39 to play. 

Nathan Lafayette won the face- 
off and passed the puck directly 
onto the stick of Gelinas, whose 25- 
foot slap shot dew past goaltender 
Darcy Wakaiuk’s stick tide. The 


STANLEY CUP PLAYOFFS 


The Canucks opened their con- 
ference semifinal with a 64 tri- 


For die Record 


umph in Dallas, having advanced 
to the 


Jean Pad Van Foppd of the Netherlands won Tuesday’s ninth 
cfng^ of the Tour of Spain, while Tony Rommger of Switzerland, 
who Eddied back in the pack, retained his overall lead of more 
than four minutes. (AP) 

Sergei Bidtka, the pole vanh worid-record bolder, wfl] compete at 
tins summo’s Goodwill Games, SLPeteraburgmgamzas said. (AP) 

rawm Robmsoe, the Purdue All-American, announced he will 
forgo his senior year to enter next month's NBA draft (AP) 

Cup Com- 
mittee because be has publicly Datxeo a potential venue for the 
1997 tournament in Spain. (Reuters) 


Sere Ballesteros resigned as a member of the Ryder 
ittee because be has puhlidy backed a potential vet 

>97 tournament : 

Oakland pitchers walked 10 batters in 

Quotable 


credit for six of them in only 

few^tays later Seattle pitchers 
walked 12; then the Yankees’ pitchers, 


• John i.u.1, — ™ f — j— d — — 

Woosnanu “Woosy and I are talkmg about marriage. He says us 
tbe longest relationship he’s ever had." 


second round with an over- 
time victory in Game 7 at Calgary, 
the Pacific Division winner. 

Both series resume Wednesday 
mi gh t 

In Toronto, Johan Garpenlov 
scored the tie-breaking goal with 
2:16 to play, as all five San Jose 
skaiere on the ice touched tbe pock. 
A pass from Igor Larionov, who 
had scored the Sharks’ first goal, 
gave the Swede a quick shot into 
tbe open side of the net behind 
goalie Felix Potvin, who had three 
shutouts in tbe first-round series 
against Chicago. 

Potvin had' his shutout streak 
ended ax 127 minutes, 9 seconds. 

In Dallas, Martin Gelinas got tbe 


Stars had rallied from a three-goal 
deficit to tie at 4 on Mike McPhee's 
rebound shot at 16:03 in the third. 

• Bruce McNall has agreed to 
sell a majority interest in the Los 
Angeles Kings to two telecom- 
munications executives, Jeffrey Su- 
dikoff and Joseph Cohen. 

Sudikoff is chairman and chief 
executive officer of 1DB Communi- 
cations Group, Inc. Cohen is the 
founder and principal architect of 
the Madison Square Garden net- 
work in New York and co-founder 
of the USA cable network. 

The sale agreement includes pro- 
visions creating a company to build 
a state-of-the-art sports arena in 
the Los Angeles area. 

Bank of America agreed to fi- 
nance the mueb-delayed transac- 
tion. according to a statement is- 
sued by the Kings and Sitrick 


Krantz & Co^ a financial relations 
firm. 

• In a battle of undefeated teams 
in the world championships in Ita- 
ly, Canada came hack from a 1-0 
deficit with two goals in a 1 :48 span 
mid-way through the third period 
to stun Russia, 3-1, on Monday 
night. Olympic champion Sweden 
continued its surge with a 4-1 vic- 
tory over the Czechs. 

The tournament moves to Milan 
on Wednesday, with Team USA 
faring a tough quarterfinal against 
Russia and Sweden playing Italy. 
On Thursday, tbe Czechs play Can- 
ada and Finland will meet tbe win- 
ner of the Gennany-Austria con- 
test that was played late Tuesday. 


jN 

LUXEMBOURG 

It’s never 
been easier 
to subscribe 
Just call 
toll-free: 

0800 2703 


luck as i 

to tbe Cincinnati Reds and J< 
Smiley’s two-hitter. 

The Cubs dropped to 0-1 1 at 
Wrigley this season, mating them 
the only team in the mriors without 
a victory at borne, ana set a team 
record for most consecutive home 
losses. The 1974 team lost 10 in a 
row in Chicago. 

“A guy could cry. but that’s not 
to do anything," said tbe 
tbs’ manager, Tom Trcbdhom. 

Bret Boone homered and drove 
in four runs for the Reds. Smiley 
strode out six. walked three and 
dropped the Cubs to 6-17, the 
worst record in the majors. 

The NL record for most consecu- 
tive home losses is 14, set by the 
Boston Braves in 191 1. The major' 
league mark at the start of a season 
is 17. set by the 1913 New York 
Yankees. 

Plriffies 7, Padres 2: Lenny Dyk- 
stra, forced to leave Sunda/s game 
after banging his back against the 
center field fence, hit doubles in his 
first three at-bats as Philadelphia 
handed visiting San Diego its fifth 
straight loss. 

Dykstra was expected to miss the 
game, but bounced back. He also 
drove in two runs, scored twice and 
stole two bases. 

Danny Jackson pitched a six-hit- 
ter, walking none and striking out 
nine. 

Giants 10, Mets 3: Mark Portu- 
gal tripled in two runs and singled 
during a nine-run third, and 
pitched seven shutout innings, al- 
lowing just two hits, as San Fran- 
cisco won easily in New York. 

All runs against Bobby Jones 
were unearned because of a two- 
out error by shortstop Jose Viz- 
caino. 

Matt Williams drove in two runs 
with bis major league-leading 12th 
homer, Portugal tripled in his two 
and Todd Barringer singled in two 
as tbe Giants combined six hits, 
two errors and two walks. 


two mistakes in a five-run fifth to 
beat Los Angeles for its sixth 
straight victory and Uth in 12 
games. 

Ken H31 gave up three runs on 
four hits in the first inning, bat 
retired 20 of the next 21 batters. 

The Expos got 1 9 hits, Tliey took 
a 6-3 lead in the fifth when Kerin 
Gross failed to cover first base on a 
grounder, then reliever Omar Daal 
threw to an uncovered base. 


Gibson Strikes 
Anew, in 10th 


Expos 10, Dodgers Si Montreal 


The Associated Press 

Kirk Gibson loves the chance to 
be a late-inning hero. 

His three-run homer, as a pinch 
hitter in the 10th inning, gave tbe 
Detroit Tigers a 10-8 victory Mon- 
day over tin visiting Texas Rangers 
in the lone American League game. 

Tbe Rangers scored four runs in 
the ninth to tie, then got another in 
the top of tbe 10th to go ahead, 8-7. 
Hurt was the score when Gibson 
came to bat for Chris Gomez with 
two on and one out 

Ton Henke's first two pitches 
were high fastballs, and Gibson 
swung at both, missing badly. 

Hoke briefly considered a fork- 
ball on 0-2, but derided to stick 
with the fastball. Again it was high, 
out of the strike zone, but this time 
Gibson drove the pitch over tbe 
opposite fidd wall for his fourth 
homer of the season. 

“I guess I probably should have 
thrown him a forkbaD, but that’s 
just hindsight." Henke said. “He 
nit a good pitch. He just flicked his 
bat at the ball and I thought it was 
a fly baB. In any other park, it 
probably wouldn't have even made 
the wanting track." 

Gibson pumped bis fist as be 
rounded the bases, a celebration 
■similar to the ones after his World 
Series homers off Goose Gossage, 
in Detroit’s clinching victory over 
San Diego in 1984, and Dennis 
Eckersley, in Los Angeles Game 1 
triumph over Oakland in 1988. 

“It’s a great feeling to be able to 
do that for your teammates," he 
said. “We could have been really 
low, and instead everybody feels 
good. That’s the type of thing ev- 
eryone wants to do. 

The victory gave Detroit its first 
three-game winning streak this year. 


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IPJ QAyS 

BUSINESS 

MESSAGE 

CENTER 

Appears on Page 12 


A INA MAJKSUL TO sqjn, 
kaurioos Napoleon 8 style 
trees, 2 modern bathraams & 

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Podble Fmrehed. TeL 146 91 48 45. 


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ill ma 
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makei 
hat wc 

s resrifht 

hoi 

nd larr® 


ices, u' 

" 101 

JCS - ..ah 


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they i 
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51 as 

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Inpaid [ - 
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■ w 

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and Jerk 31 ® 
now. og? 
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offices 

Dbecorm 1 ^ 

venting mt 
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for 20 o/ e 1 
jut, stunn^f 
st go awaV , 
Mr. Aral m 
da’s inau; wai 
aides. Mif 1 Y 
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; massaggr 

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that 10O,( 
m issue w 
, with an ad 
luted to net 
and areas a 


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and they co< 
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rf I sold 360,( 
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s, I sold tom 
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could haves 
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view on ihie d 
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>>.. - ' ‘ 

. I T . . . 





Page 18 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY, JVtAY 4, 1994 


OBSERVER 


Cleopatra Cat 


By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK - TTie Editor 
begs me not to do this, but I 
wiii do it anyhow. I will give the 
facts to thousands of readers who 
have written in; I will tell them who 
mehitabel was. 

The Editor expostulated vigor- 
ously on my decision. “In the first 
place,” be expostulated, “those 
weren’t thousands of readers who 
wrote asking who mehitabel was. 
They weren't even tens of readers-” 
1 reminded him that be was a 
journalist and that only a disgrace 
to the trade would balk at slightly 
inflating a number to make a more 
reader-friendiy newspaper. 

"Speaking of reader-friendly,” be 
expostulated further, "quit using 
words like 'expostulated.' People are 
very nervous about reading nowa- 
days. When you expostulate at them 
they panic and go back to ‘Beavis 
and Butt-bead’ to calm down.” 

I don’t give a fig for his incessant 
yammering about reader-friendly 
writing, and told him so. 

“Nobody gives a fig anymore," 
he re-expoatuiaied. “Nobody ever 
gave a fig in American prose writ- 
ing, and even in the popular Eng- 
lish novel nobody has given a fig 
since 'Raffles’ went out of prim.” 

As I want to talk mehitabel. not 
figs, let us push The Editor out the 
door and get down to literature. 
The thousands of you. or hundreds, 
or whatever the number of you may 
be who have written about this col- 
umn's recent literary reference to 
mehitabel will. 

The Editor (barging through 
door, speaking in stentorian voice): 
Don’t say “literary”! It’s reader- 
hostile. 

Let us eject him again, poor over- 
wrought fellow, Imagine him barg- 
ing in here speaking in a stentorian 
voice. And he has the gall to talk 
about being reader-unfriendly! 
Does he think we ail know Stentor 
was the Greek warrior with the 
thunderous voice who fought in the 
Trojan War? 

Personally, I didn't until J visited 
Mr. Webster a moment ago. While 
there, 1 looked up mehitabel who 
should have been located just be- 
fore Mehlis's gland (“one of the 
large unicellular glands surround- 
ing the ootype of a flatwonn and 
possibly playing a pan in eggshell 
formation”), but wasn't. 

Readers of this column should 
be cheered to learn that Mr. Web- 


Europe 


Bntn 

BnoMis 

Buttons 

Cm CM Sol 
Out to 
E**urgh 


ItoffeJ 

tuMw 

Lisbon 

London 

Matod 

M3ui 

Mosam 

Munich 


5l Petaratwa 
S wtM l Bbn 

5u®bot*(| 

Toflm 

Worms 


Nigh Low 
OF OF 
22171 1S/W 
13/53 8*43 

15/39 104 

22771 12/53 
23/73 15*8 
22/71 3*43 

17*2 9/48 

14*7 8/43 

13*4 7(44 

13*1 7/44 

24/75 13*4 
11/52 SMI 
10*0 7/44 

23/73 12*3 
13/84 3/48 

17*2 3/43 

11/52 2/3S 

17*2 3/46 

24/75 16*1 
21/70 14/57 
13*5 7(44 

20/79 12*3 
22/71 14*7 
11*2 6M3 
17*2 9(48 

21/70 14*7 
13*1 403 

22/71 17*2 
15*9 6/43 

18*1 9/48 

9/48 3/43 

22/71 10*0 
11*2 002 
12*3 205 

17*2 7/44 

11*2 3/37 

22.71 15*9 
17*2 11*2 
13*5 104 

18*4 3/46 


siw, who can talk oo types and uni- 
cellular glands, is as baffled as they 
are about mehitabel. 

All right, she was a cat friend of 
a cockroach named aichy. who had 
been a free- verse poet in an earlier 
life, archy infested a newspaper of- 
fice back in typewriter days and 
communicated with the journalist 
Don Marquis by hurling his weight 
onto the keys of Marquis’s type- 
writer. 

Unable to jump on the shift key 
while simultaneously landing on a 
letter key, archy was unaWe to cap- 
italize words. Hence, mehitabel 
with the small ra. 

□ 

(The Editor has just sent an E- 
mail suggestion that 1 look for work 
teaching Literature if 1 feel com- 
pelled to persist in reader-hostile 
diversions from reader-friendly 
subjects like ridiculously inflated 
baseball and CEO salaries, dirty 
movies and dysfunctional families. 
Do not fear. I shall fax him later, 
stating my faith that in America 
there still survives a great audience 
like yon yearning to breathe not 
just free but also literature-wise.) 

archy and mehitabel began as 
newspaper writing, like so much of 
our best literature, if you will permit 
me not to rite examples, being reluc- 
tant to make any personal claims 
and not too proud to write ibe occa- 
sional incoherent sentence myself, if 
you get my drift. Later archy and 
mehitabd were put between book 
covers and so became literature. 

mehitabd became a favorite of 
mine after she told archy she had 
been Cleopatra in an earlier life. In 
this she so resembled many women 1 
know that she seemed an old frien ti- 
ll is amazing about the women I 
know that most of them were some- 
body famous in an earlier life. Sev- 
eral in fact, were Cleopatra, just 
like mehitabd. 

It’s a mystery why so many of 
these onetime Cieopatras are able to 
have another cradt at a life of wom- 
anhood while poor mehitabei was 
forced to come back as an alley cat l 
assume mehitabd was punished for 
having done a particularly odious 
job as Geopatra, but you can read 
and read in “archy and mehitabd” 
without finding the explanation. 

See what fun literature can be? 
Next time we’ll talk Balzac — “The 
Human Comedy!” 

New York Tima Soviet 


Last Poets: A Word to the Street-Wise 


By Mike Zwerin 

tntemgtmnfl HeraiJ Tribune 

P ARIS — Calling their spoeny “rap” is 
a bum rap as far as lb* Last Poets are 
concerned, even though, it can be argued, 
they started the whole thing back in the 
1960s. Still going Strang. Jalaluddin Man- 
sur Nuriddm and Sulieman d-Hadi are 
the only original Last Poets continuing to 
make “spoetics," spoken poetry. 

The two of them are sitting in the com- 
fortable conference room of their Parisian 
record label Bond Age, which has released 
“Scatterap/Home," a CD “as fresh as this 
morning’s milk. " S poetry comes easy to 
Jalal but they could not find an American 
company. Why not? 

Jalal does most of the talking (he is one 
heck of a talker): ‘This album is an Afri- 
can-American, Franco, Anglo joint ven- 
ture. We got blockaded in the States. Rap 
makes money there, but we're poets. Rap 
comes out of poetry, poetry does not come 
out of rap. They do not care about poetry 
in the States. All they want to know is your 
financial track record. If you cannot sell a 
certain amount of records, it's not worth 
their investment. You have to have a high 
profile and you have to be young. As far as 
they're concerned, our stidf Jue is over. 
Period. As you know, America has a ro- 
mance with nostalgia. We fall into the 
oldies- but-goodies bracket That’s not a 
good ghetto to be in.” 

The Last Poets have sold milli ons of 
records, mostly by word of mouth: They 
were never on the charts. Jalal sprays rhym- 
ing couplets like a semi automatic weapon: 
“The Present was always present The Past 
was right behind. The Future was coming 
but The Present had presence of mind. The 
Present looked left and said to The Past 
‘Well history is very very Last so come up 
with the thing that happened last come up 
with the thug that i don’t know so my 
knowledge and wisdom may understand 
and grow.' The Past said, *You have lost 
mcae than you have gained your animal 
spirit is still untamed.’” It ends: “The 
Future was last The Future spoke to broth- 
ers Present and Past The two time periods 
listened as it spoke. It said: The only thing 
I can offer maybe is hope.' ” 

The Last Poets were formed in Harlem, 
after an exiled South African poet named 
Willy Kgastik visited a writers' workshop 
and said: This is the last age of poetry and 
essays. Guns and rifles will take their 
place.” Some students said, That's what 
we are. the Last Poets.” and started rap- 
ping. a style of spoken language that de- 
scends from inma tes’ prison toasts. Then 
came GQ Soott-Heron (“he was a student of 
ours, we gave him a crash course"). Grand- 
master Flash. Kurtis Blow and tire second 
generation (“they were nappin’ whQe we 





. OgnttpRo* 

Stdiemao d-Hadi and, string, Jalaluddin Mansur Nnriddin: “Fresh asmflk”? 


were rappin’ The Poets started with spo- 
etics and percussion, now they sometimes 
smg a c c o mp ani ed by gnitarc and horns. 

Rap has come to be associated with 
scatology, misogyny and violence, and it 
communicates to millions of youths both 
black and white. How do the Poets feel 
about what they have wrought? 

“What's called rap today is a dog biting 
its tail” Jalal says. “A body without a 
head. Which is probably why it’s a com- 
mercial success. We are at the roots of rap, 
so we also know where tire buds are sip- 
posed to be. We laid down the foundation. 
Tire one who paves the path has to use a 
machete. People who come later just walk 
along the paved path. They don't have to 
do any work, we've done the work. The 


rest is just recycling. That’s why I, bail it a 
dog biting its tail. Tbe only positive ride I 
can see to today’s crop of rappers is. that 
they are able to communicate to each 
other. They’re sure not communicating to 
the people who make the decisions.” 

“Are your 

“I'm addressing everybody, particularly 
those with their fingers on toe button. We 
have to reach a common denominator, 
even if only subconsciously. If I start rap- 
ping streetology. HI only be talking to the 
cats on tire street. I’D be rapping in code. 
You got to be careful with argon The word ^ 
‘dude* for example comes from Westerns. 
So that dude is obsolete. The difference 
between a poet and a rapper is that poets 
wrap things up." 

You can say “I got the deal all wrapped 


up. " The word “rap.^ Jalafsays. has been 
in American speech since ai least the 
1920s. “Don’t pin flic rap on mc,".gahg- 
sters sakLIt’yalso a knodong.-sound -—a 
rap on the door • . 

- When 1 read “scholarly" articles, m 
‘Tap" musical journals analyzing thetad- 
tural pertinence of the latest -efforts by 
current rap stars like! Dr Die and Snoop 
Doggy- Dog, Twondti if it’s me or them 
who are. insane: TVobably-a-conQhmft- 
. tiooT Jalal taught ‘ .-v- 
SuBeman jumps ''mi the word: “The 
three of us can probahJy be classified $s 
insane. Bat if you examine tire word, it/ 
means we are inside our sanity. Consider- 
ing whaf s happening in the world,- we’re 
attuaIlymprcay;go^riiape.Theotirer 

ones arc outsand”: Jalal picks it . up.* - 

- “That'S- why we have tire expressions Tm 
out of my mind, spaced out, out lohmch.’ 
A poet’s jobutoeet to the roots. Etymolo- 
gy is the brakdowii between the. prefix - 

. and the suffix. We’re imt in show bosinessc 
We jost.sbow and lake care-of -busmesi ' 
The lest.of them, show their business.” 

. . Does Dr Die livftzg in-ainahskm Jri BeL 
-Aire bother Jalal? -He has lived in London ' 
for six yearn,-. 

- “He^tfll has to live in ti»t jnngte."'lie ' 
raphes. Tm bettor off in London without 
the mansion- Let’s talk stats. You are 26- 
times mraejaady-tohe ranrdcred toi-tew 
Yorir Cny than m London. Wteta Ameri-^ 
cans have one chance in 600 of being loped;' 
black 1 Americans love care chance in 56. - 
Freedom consists of two words, free anti - 
dom. Dom means domain, domicile. A' 
king dom is the long's domain. IF.! Say 
Freedom, I mean free domain. 1 have found 
that ifl am free to walk around- the streets ' 
of America, then 1 am jn zmmnmm security, 
ft lam m prison, lam m maximum securi- 
ty. Fd rather not berndther^Td rather havfr 
free-dom. Free dounota.. .The American ' 
bLadcs.Wped Ebetate Batice,.iicw7 .n«ti - 
France to liberate: roallls an exchange. Fm 
nota.dcmgjfv»ni to li berate ptiDtOCS Of Afri- 
can Americans. Just tibonte me.";. ■ 

What do they think of “Doo-Bop,** 
Miles Davis’s fan ed but honorable feast- ' 
gasp attempt to many rap anil jazz? . 

“He was in tire right direction tot .he : 
needed us to do tire proper translations." 
Jalal replies. “He had to.setilefor whoever 
was immediately available, current/ with* 
nam e/To Pcxashewould 

body and sen^some catsmtothesri^Bto' 
find us. He was too entreadreid, in stow 
buriness..But he was a fan of oms. He said 
to hto three influences cai his sridetrf dresst. 
— Sly Stone, tire Last Poets and himsdf. So 
tire Last Foetrwere aninspinmbo for Kfifcs 
Davis and Miles was as bp - as you can get. 
We were bom m bebop, raised in doo-wop 
and we put tire Irip ml top"' 


TMiT^iOrTrEj 1 ^ 


fUMjXj 


Rian If did -not press cn 
-charges, -tot ^accepted ah. u» 
dosed amount tti money- 

, r ' 

: Paul Newman will replicate 


HT Ti 1 ■ r>j>- > j l : 1 * « =.■« l 




i -i; /i; u /. i >) i ' - ha . / 1 ■ / a fi ; 1 VA 


Jones, 29, on a royal estate in Soot- 
hmd, judging from a gjance at the 
taWoul press. The prince is 30. 

o 

\ The pop artist Roy UcfatenstfiDi 
70, is decorating Young Amenca< 
i m artrym next sprites Americafc 
■P op Mafing Tace. ^ The dcagn _ wil * 

* feature .aiperinaid, .tire artist said, a 
option that ^‘goniehd'w' came to 
mt” He hss also^jfecorated cars 
andchampagne bottles-: 

Pop sur Mkhad Botoo says 
that an LA. jury that handed down 
a 'verdict against Iran was “not ca- 
pable of grasping what the case was 
about.” The jury decided that Boi- 
: tixris 1991 tal“Lovtls a Woflder- 

ful Thing ," was mpait ptagjarized 

from an (Secure 1966 song by the 
btey .BroAeo. The jury said the 
Id^s^riKmjd gel 66 parent of the 
;»ug’sprbfits l aiid 28 percent of the 
'eammgs ofthe^lbum on which it 
wasrdfeased. BoUon, who' said he 
would appeal ^ testified that be had 
never heard tire' eariwr. song. The 
juiythooghtotirerwue- 1 •' 



WEATHER 


CROSSWORD : . v,: - x ; r* ■ ^ j ; 


Forecast for Thureday through Saturday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 


aa#«D 
Hong Kong 


. _ NnDi 


Toe lay Tamar 

Mgd LM W Htb Lo. W 

OF OF OF OF 

35*3 23/73 pc 34*3 25/77 pc 

15*9 BUG gh 19*6 3/43 pc 

27/80 23/73 Oh 27*0 73/73 pc 

33*6 25/77 po 34*3 2*773 pc 

37*3 27/30 pc 03/1 OB 23/79 1 
1BJB4 9MB 0, 18*1 7M4 pc 

21 m 12*9 a 21 HU 13/36 pc 

32*9 22/71 pc 32*9 23/73 pc 

21*2 17*2 ab 27*0 13*3 pc 

20*3 18*4 Sh 21(70 12*3 pc 


North America 

A chSy rail aril (aH hum New 
VqiX to Boston Thursday. 
Friday and Saturday wO be 
mainly dry and cooler ai the 
Northeast The Plains and 
Midwest wfl have dry meaih- 
8r Thursday. Showers will 
reach the Plains Friday and 
the Uldwesi Saturday Pain 
will move into the Desert 
Southwest. 

Middle East 


•£*7 UnaaaaarahV ^ 

Europe 

A slaw-moving storm will 
bring ram to Italy Thursday 
end to Alhens F«fay Damp, 
chilly weather wlH continue 
late this week from Moscow 
to Kiev London and Paris 
wil have mainly dry. season- 
able weather. Spain and 
Portugal win have dry, warm 
weather, ahhough showers 
are possible by Saturday. 


Asia 

Cool weather from Befmg lo 
Seoul Thursday wd gve way 
to much warmer weather 
over the weekend Tokyo wiH 
have showers Thursday, 
then dry and coot weather 
Friday into Saturday. The 
remnants of a tropical 
cyclone will bring locally 
heavy rams to southcentral 
Ctwia Thursday and Friday. 


Latin America 


Oceania 


17*2 11*2 • 17*2 1162 pc 
19*6 «*3 pc 20*8 12*3 te 



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T« 



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Low 


man 

Low 

W 



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Lo* W 


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CF 


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OF 


21/70 

15*1 

PC 

23/73 

16*1 


SoaUn 

22/71 

13*5 pc 25/77 

18*1 pc 

Caro 

23/73 

10/50 

« 

24/75 

12/53 

s 

C/Haca 

31/33 

20*88 pc 32/39 20*8 pe 

DafT^mara 

19*8 

a/46 

• 

21/70 

o/«a 


Unr» 

21/70 

17*2 


21 rn 

17*2 • 


19*6 

ii*£ 

pc 

21/70 

’2*3 


UkdcoC*7 

27*0 

14*7 


27/30 

13*33 pc 

Uaor 

31 /W 

13/36 

8 

32*9 

14/37 


Pn cfeiwnra 31*8 

24 H5 


STM 

i*m pc 

R*Kft 

41/103 26/79 

Pe 

40*104 23/73 

0 


23/77 

12*53 

1* 

34/79 

9M pc 


Lagand: seunny, pc^BrtV ckx/Oy. r-dcuOy. 
an-snow. Wen. w-wettwr. All maps, force 


shswwem. Hhuderdoma. rmin. 
nt> and dale providad by AceuJ 


, sMnewSwiWa. 
Warner , Inc. Z 18M 


Ngmn 25/77 I8*i * 23/73 14*1 pc 

C*p* Tool 23/73 12/33 1 20*8 1050 pc 

Curfiton 21/70 13*5 • 23/73 15*3 po 

Man** 20*3 >1*2 pc 2S/77 11*2 pc 

Laooa 29*4 26/79 I 31*3 28/79 • 

MocM 21/70 1203 pc 22/71 1305 pc 

Tito* 24/73 1102 ■ 22 m 12/53 • 

North America 

wmg* 10*0 2/33 pc 12/53 2,36 pc 

«*rt* 22/71 15*0 I 26/79 14,57 pc 

Bawon 13*6 3(48 pc 10*0 8/43 r 

omago ip*b 9*b pc ie*i 4*9 pc 

Dwwar 21/70 8M6 pc 20*3 6/41 to 

Dtoto 1702 8(46 c 16*1 6(43 c 

Hxtotoi 23*4 22/71 pe 29*4 J2/71 pc 

(Men 29*4 19*3 I 29*4 19*6 pc 

LcaAngda 22/71 1407 pc 20*6 1306 pe 

Man* 32*3 23/73 S *1*3 23/73 pc 

Unr q pn to is *8 7M4 pc i7*2 4*3 a 

I bt wl 18*1 403 pc 18*1 3/37 to 

Now 20*4 23/73 po 30*3 23/73 pe 

NrwVmk 14 *7 9/43 f 18*1 1102 r 

PhDW* 33*7 21/70 a 31*8 17*2 pc 

Swfto 17*2 9/43 to 17*2 10*0 pc 

Saaeto 13*1 3/46 to 16*4 9M6 to 

ttosito 17*2 3*7 pc 17*2 *.-» c 

W o d nMuu 14/57 10,50 r 19*3 11*2 r 


ACROSS 

1 Spring runner 
« Pole at sea 
a Dieter's 
measure 
13 Ropust (tank 
44 Delete-key 
function 
is TV tease 
it Golf ball's 
position 
lYSedafcaand 
Simon 

It Play the fink 


it'FaistafT 

22 Marked down / 

23 'The Woman In 
the Dunes* 
author . 

24 ft's big in 
London 

29 Hard or soft 
approach 
27 Scout's group 
at Quatrain's 
pattern 

33 Sevile snack 
35 Sister of 
Charlotte 


Solution to RmleolM^3 


naan assna □□□a 
nonn nodon miEiaiii 
umnaaomnoaaanao 
□bdqq aaatnnoa 
saaaana atsaaa 
snann oaaaa 
□□□□ anna aaana 
Boa aujaaaBa aesa 
□aaaa bubid aaaa 
dhhudli QtanaB 
□□□□□ □□□□ana 
□□□bqob aaaas 
ufunBaniLim^aijaaotu 
HQ3Q HQBaa □QUS 
esnaa B33UB aQLia 


37 "The Misfits' 
4oBarMnof*Sea • 
of Love” . . . 

4t Genealogist's '' 
work 

42 It may be cured 

43 Monaco cube 

44 Sp eec h ttte 
4e Actress Carrie 
ee Cobbler's tool 
4t Imperfect 

bridge holding 
S3 Homer #521 
ae Blotter entry 
ee Waugh and 
others 

•1 Eunuch's unit 
ea Disk-shaped 
marine fish 
C3 Challenger’s 
quest . . . 

. 84 Pofibcai abbr. 
ee Hound's quarry 
■•Semicircular 
recesses 
47 Wordsworth's 

-We 

Seven" 


1 Military blast 

2 Refuge seeker 

3 Duke and earl 

4 More than . * 
forgetful 

•Favors 


S Tout’s poet ‘ 

. 7. — — Mujeres, 
Mexico 

8 Chaste- Gould 
femme . ; 

• aSmooth- 
skmned edttile . 
loLearrivqj 
method- 
ti ttmakesthe 
mundus go 

- round ... 

- 12 Actress : 

' Washboume 

19 Gordian knot. 
for one - 

20 Show 
-amateurish 

- interest On) 

- 2 i Chess's Mikhail 
29 Works With . . . 

Riddick Bowe, 

- aaFadHty ■ '* 

W BeBy flop, e.g. 
m Lamb of yore •* 

29 "No Way, . 
Setgeir . 

30 Elderly ' 

si Java neighbor 
22 Up to snuff 
34 Choral voices 
3e Tick, of time 
aaOnedge 
saSeaquarium 
arm • 


■: 49 Lice' : ' ' -.M ftAjmtC: - vairtWrehab 

rtSwilie'. Ptoocchia 
.requests. ■ . « Manners’ carr^i 
48 Lice Pegasus -. '^Waa^sfMrtner 9rU«awdress 
.. ebNow^foV ‘ . ' s4Ch8sei3f ' -aa*— -Dolt' 

Nogales •“ ; Tlnseftown /-■:* .{Potteriune) 





.e New York Times Edited by MB Shortz. 


Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

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COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACCESS NUMMR dofcNTKY ACCESS NUMBEB 


Australia 

Qi>ia,raC*to 

Guam 

Bong Hoag 
India. 


ACCESS NUMBER 

ASM. - 

1-800^81-011 


MaiavsiaT 
NewZeahnd 
Philippines* 
Saipan* 
Singapore 
Snlanka - 
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Thadknd* 

Anncnja** 
AuM ri i* - " - 
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Ivelofttf a 
irebnd ^ 


>+*' 10811 ~ IMmanj 

01B-872 Luaembo 
800-mi Macerioc 

' 000-117 Mata* 

; ^ 001-601-10 Monaco* 

- • 0039-in Netfreria 

009-11 Norway 

11 - Poland*-* 

8000011 Pottagal 

• 000-911 Romania 

’ ' 109-11 HnsahrT 

255-2S7Z Sforafcfa 
_ 800-0111-111 Spain* • 

- 430430 . Sweden* 

0080-102860 Swtaerta 

' 0019-991-1 m ujk. : 

EUROPE . . Ukraine* 

804111 : 
022-903-Qii ' Bahrain 
0800-100-10 Cyprus* 
00-1800-0010 Israel 
99300011 Kuwait 

0042000101 Lebanon 

8001-0010 Qiar 
9800-100-10 Saudi Aral 

19*0011 Itehey 

01300010 . UAEV 
. _ . 09809-1311 

WijgWM Argeorinai 
■ - 999-001 Belize* 

; 1-800-350000... BoWr . 


COUNTRY ACCESS Number xcoCniry 
-••• ■■■■ - 172-1011 : Brazil 

I Je ch a mu tri nr. 1S5-00-IT CWIev 

’ Tirfmanlz w . ’■ ' . • •• *• ,8wl96 Columbia ' 

L«emb outB .. OSMMH U .CoS r teFeT 

M a cedoni a . F.YJ1. of. 998004288 Ecuador 

W 0800-890-110 - -H Salvador** 

Monaco* - 19 a- 00U : b »at/HT«fa« ~ 

Netherlands* .... 06-022-9111 Gu y aua — . 

No rwwy 800-190-11 .Hobdraaste 

Poland-^- • :■ ' OwOuM SOOm J MeafcOA** ' 
Pottagd* ■ - - 05 017-1-288; 

Koatanla . . ~ 0 1-800-42t« Panama. ~ ‘ . - - 

KtoWia-TMosoow) 155-5042 . j5 TO* .. ... •. 

Storakia. 004 2060101^. Sateame - 

• V . : . 9009900-11^ ^ TJagaav 

swedear • . . . . (XZO-795-611 VcaaudTw 

Swteert ane r - — 1 5500-11 . T " “ *.Q 

UJK. ^ Q50tF8900U Bdwn* - 

.. Iflralne* ' . 8Al0Q-ii_ . Jetmuda* 

• MIDDLE EAST . T BrttiskYl . 


ACCESS NUMBER 
.--- 0008010 
WU-0312 
980-11-0010 

•• .' •• TU 

190 

t 190 

165 

-- U3 

95-800-462-4240 


Kuwak 

- Le b anon (Bdnri> 
Qatar '■ 
SaudiArabg 
TtaAey* - ■ ■ • 

UAE.' , ■ • 


600801 : 
L • • “ ogo^ooio ; 

■ 177-100-2727 ' 
■ ~ . aOQ -288 

kfent> - ■ ■ 426801 

- reMH»l-?7 
i ■ ' 1*800-10 ■ 

: 00800-12277. 

• ;1J- 800.121 ■ 

AMEBKAS ; • - 

, v8PI>8Q(MOO:ini 

.' ' • 95 ■ 

....... -4W0O-H 12 


j>i Agcaip.r;Biwiirtr89pin nranwtenpaaite ■' 
|WB^-WWTPU4Bn7C3 l a 8 t« a toBto[ |* 0fa wi l~1CW«Wlto SMB J lwfc a. : 

. T - -JS 

woMCmE(r-{4r'iiia*a>4*inSiiahecri!iito|>to>MMMniilikmw . «/4ori 

twrJ'Hgx-i 'wn ngjjogim mmi 

S2?*T^?* ,, *^Mbq4etMni(iM , ieiiw • ..Aibto 
qg Jtfn>urll O (^ciw t to > HeBiw<ptoftaiia ctto^ wBtoWlar^ li*fcn * 'toiig 

^^-pto<to-n^tor>kfktoi,^<iin,*pini r raniltT(&3lnnr . - tM4 

InvcTiUivWinAtuA- , • • ' - i-:> 


Jararagpa(M«pagaa> . 174 

. Panama*., • • . _ 1 Q 9 . 

.- 191 

- Satem - • . 156 

Utngay -• 008410 

Venezudar* - - 80011-120 

~ ' CARIBBEAN , _ 

‘ *Mh * nia Br~ : ... 1-800872-2881 
- Benauda* . ...v - I-600^72-26si 

BritjA-VX . . 1800872-2881 

- Cayman Islands' - 1 .1-800872-28 81 
" : 1-600872-2881 

Hrilh. . mSXW72-28Z\ 

Janalcr*. - • -- :• - ■ - 0800872-2fiBl 
W«fa.Amn \ ' - 001-800872-2881 
a:TStartfearis, -j 11-800872-2881 ' 

AFKiCA ■ ~ 

Egypf XCairo). ^ _ , , S1Q820 0 
~ ' ' QOa-0 01 

- 00111 

^ fa>: 080 0-10 
■ 797-797 

waflj Africa _ . . J Q80Q^»8i?5 




s arara u aliMmoi— ^ ' - • •