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Paris, Friday, May 6, 1994 

No. 34,581 


! a pore Carries Out 
of U.S. Teenager 

He Receives 4 Lashes for Vandalism j 

Clinton Galls Sentence ‘ a Mistake ’ 

% Philip Shenon 

7iu*e» Semce 

veSSS^S!^ “ P- Fay. the 1 8- 

^-oldAinenean ai the center of a turbu- 

!^iS!?? iH ^ taraI debate over crime and 
f^aved four lashes of a rattan 
pane on Thursday for a enme that he insists 
ne did not commit. 

Pl ?^ ODS Department said 
a punishment that results in 
scars and is usually so painful 
wat prisoners go into shock, was carried out 
“dwpnson where Mr. Fay is saving a 

HSH** 1 for spray-painting can 

and other acts of vandalism. 

a statement, the department said the 
Dayw®, Ohio, teenager “was examined by 
the prison’s doctor after the caning and 
found to be in satisfactory condition.” 

The government made public no other 
details on the condition of Mr. Fay, who has 
lived here since 1992 with his mother *nH 

that he is not guilty. He has alleged that the 
confession was coerced by the police during 
a nine-day interrogation in which he was 
repeatedly punched, slapped and deprived 
ol sleep. 

The police have denied that Mr. Fay was 
beaten. Mr. Fay’s family has said that the 
teenager pleaded guilty to vandalism only 
after they received assurances that he would 
not be caned. 

In defending the decision to flog the teen- 
ager. government leaders here have argued 
that Singapore’s safe streets vindicate their 
harsh crumnal laws and tough p unishmen ts 

Opinion poQs in the United States have 

. ^rairs before the flogging, Mr. Fay was 

visited in prison by his lawyers. “He is 
ana scared but is prepared to take 

nervous and scared but is prepared 

it,” Dominic Nagulendran. one of the law- 
yers, said after the meeting. “He will grit his 
teeth when he is caned” 

On Wednesday, die govemment of this 
authoritarian city-state turned down Mr. 
Fay's final idea that he be spared the flog- 
ging, bnt it reduced the number of fa*h« 
from six to four in what it said was a gesture 
Of good wiD for President Bill Clinton, who 
had asked that the sentence be commuted. 

. In Washington on Thursday, Mr. Clinton 
said of the flogging, “I think it was a mis- 
take, as I said before, not only because of the 
nature of the punishment related to the 
crime bnt because of the questions thairwere 
, raised about whether the ycrang man was in 
fac t guilty and involuntarily confessed.” 

"Mr.Fay signed a police statement in Oc- 
tober confessing to a "10-day vandalism 
spree in which he and several other foreign 

with rampant crime in their own neighbor- 
hoods, believe that Mr. Fay is onJv getting 
what he deserved. 

After learning that the flogging had been 
carried out, George Fay, (he teenager’s fa- 
ther, said in a telephone interview from Ohio 
that he was “relieved that this brutality is 
behind us” and that be wanted a doctor 
selected by the U.S. Embassy to visit his son 
as soon as possible. 

“The Singapore authorities say that Mike 
is fine, but that's their word, and at this 
point in time, Fm not inclined to believe 
than,” he said He described the flogging as 
“a doable whammy — first, there’s the bru- 
tality of it, and second, there’s every indica- 
tion that there has been a miscarriage of 

Mr. Fay said he believed that the govern- 
ment had carried out the punishment hur- 
riedly in hopes that his son’s wounds would 
be healed before his release from prison, 
which is expected next month. “They don’t 
want the world to see him limping out of 
Mr. Fay said “It's cynical and 

one owned by a Singapore court officer, ant 
tossed eggs at other vehicles. Mr. Fay also 
.pleaded guilty to. possessing stolen Srnga- 
•=: DOie T 

But Mr. Fay has since recanted, masting 

According to official descriptions of a 
flo gging, prisoners are tied by their wrists 
and ankles to a wooden trestle and are then 
struck on the bare buttocks by a four-foot 
rattan cane moistened with water to prevent 
it from fraying. 

Prisoners who have been caned say the 
punishment, which is routine in Singapore, 
is excruciatingly painful and results in heavy 
bleeding. The government said rune other 
prisoners were flogged on Thursday. 

ANC Heads 
Toward Full 
Control in 
South Africa 

Sharp Reaction Possible 
From National Party ; 
Mandela Stresses Cahn 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

JOHANNESBURG — Voting results in 
South Africa’s first all-race election continued 
to trickle in on Thursday and were propelling 
the African National Congress toward a victory 
of such proportions that it could be politically 

The latest available results showed the ANC 
moving toward a two- thirds majority of the 
vote, and political sources said that could bring 
a sharp reaction from the National Party. 

Such a lead would give the African National 
Party power, if it chooses, to redraft the new 
constitution, a prospect dismaying to rivals. 

The National Party of Africa’s last white 
president, Frederik W. de Klerk, has already 

Indentions are that Inkatha will score a sur- 
prise victory in KwaZulu-Natal Page 1 

— Ibu HoOrnfe/Irafe*? 

An Israeli sobfier in the Gaza Strip adjusting an olive branch decorating his army jeep, as the occupying Israefis prepared to pofl out 

Is Self-Rule 9 s Happy Ending Over? 

By Gyde Haberman 

New York Times Service 

GAZA — The original screenplay called for 
a happy ending: two old enemies reconciled at 
last, emerging from long, hard negotiations arm 
in aim, imbued with a mutual trust once un- 

But as Foreign Minister Shimon Peres of 
Israel observed a few months ago, the problem 
with this movie called the Israeli- Palestinian 
: talks is that the happy ending came at the 
inning, with the celebrated handshake at the 

details of Palestinian self-rule for (he Gaza 
Strip and Jericho — there were few illusions left 
about the state of relations between Israel and 
the Palestine Liberation Organization. 

Far from producing reconciliation, the talks 


lite House by the two leaders, Yitzhak Rabin 
and Yasser Arafat 

By the time the first reel was finished on 
Wednesday — with final agreement on the 

had confirmed for each ride some of its worst 
suspicions about the other. 

Mr. Rabin, announcing that Mr. Arafat had 
asked for a few more weeks to get ready to take 
charge in Gaza and Jericho, all but dismissed 
the PLO as a band of dilettantes more con- 
cerned with symbols like postage stamps and 
telephone area codes than the brass tacks of 

governing. The Palestinians had months to pre- 
pare but frittered away the time, Israeli officials 

Especially galling for them was Mr. Arafat’s 
last-minute theatrics mi a Cairo stage, where 
suddenly he refused for a while to sign six maps 
that were part of the detailed, hard-wrung 

“The level of trust will not be so high” after 
that performance, said Uri Dromi, a govern- 
ment spokesman — not that Israeli faith in the 
reliability of the PLO chairman was strato- 
spheric to begin with. 

For their pan, many Palestinians have come 
away from this phase of the peace talks more 

See MIDEAST, Page 7 

• Aide Warns White House of Pitfalls in Asia Policy 

. ..- . ; By Danid.Wflfiams 
and Clay Chandler 

fYaddagton Pott Service 

WASHINGTON — Rve months after President Bill 
C&xton prodaisoed the birth of a new Pacific community of 
lucrative trade and shared interests, the Suite Department’s 
senior Asia: tend tas vanned iri a letter to Secretary of State 
Warren M. Christopher that U.S.-Asian rel a tio ns are being 

infected by a “malaise” of disputes over human rights, trade 
and other concerns. 

The recent tetter, by Assistant Secretary of Slate Winston 
Lord, made, recommendations apparently designed to head 
off problems before they become acute and lengthen the 
a dministr ation’s list erf foreign-policy woes. 

The message represents a sharp departure from the opti- 
tmsm expressed by Omton in late November at a meeting oT 
Asian and Pacific leaders in Seattle, where he compared 


creation (rf the community to. among other things, 
signing of the Declaration of Independence. 

Mr. Lord listed several examples of a downward drift, all 
symptoms of the eclectic range of administration interests: 
the tug-of-war with China over human rights, trade disputes 
with Japan, arms proliferation battles with China and Thai- 
land, endangered species disagreements with Taiwan, con- 
flicts over workers with Malaysia and Indonesia and the 
controversy over Singapore's flogging of an American teen- 

ager convicted of vandalism. “Some of the frictions are 
inevitable bumps in the road,” Mr. Lord wrote. “The conflu- 
ence of these individual events, however, has fostered mal- 
aise, eroding the sense of optimism and partnership forged 
in Seattle.” 

The appraisal comes ata particularly sensitive time for the 
administration. Within a month, Mr. Christopher must 

See ASIA, Page 3 


China’s Reforms 
Could Founder 
In Sea of Debt 

Fifty yeal^s After D-Day 

For the next two articles in this se- 
ries, the subject is economics. Karl Otto 
Pdhl, president of the German central 
bank from 1980 to 1991. writes of the 
realities that finally came to dictate 
economic strategy. 

; r ~ K 

Sr . 

ONT OSCTffi ngge^ 

Helicopter Crash Ws2 Near N Y. 

* / A m__ Hudson River between NewJosey and New 

By Patrick E. Tyler 

New York Tima Soria 

WUHAN, China — When in times past a 
blast furnace opened at the Wuhan Iron and 
Steel Ca to disgorge its fiery load onto the 
conveyor, it was another installment in commu- 
nism's social contract for the 200,000 workers, 
dependents and pensioners whose welfare was 
guaranteed by the state. 

Now nothing is certain in Wuhan, and the 
threat of domestic political upheaval here and 
in the rest cl China is growing. l^T n 13~% 

Five state-owned factories went bankrupt 
last year. Plant shutdowns have idled 50,000 _L ^ 1 L 9*" B R. 
workers and, by some estimates, several times 
that number have been sent home without pay 
by managers slashing work forces. 

A mob of pensioners recently commandeered 
cats and trucks to block a key bridge over the 
Han River to protest the erosion of their pen- 
aons by rising prices. Inflation is now r unning 
at 25 parent a year in big cities. 

And the managers at Wuhan Steel have 
pushed 70,000 of their 120,000 workers into 
eight subsidiary companies and (old them that 
they win ultimately have to feud for themselves. 

To smooth the exit of the 70,000, Wuhan 
Steel's management agreed. to pay them S92 a 
month m 1993 to supplement lower wages in 
the subsidiary companies. The supplement 
dropped to $4b a month tins year, ana in 1995, 
the last year, it will drop to S23 a month. 

“We are helping the workers mount a horse 

And David P. Callea, Dean Acheson 
Professor at the Johns Hopkins Nitze 
School of Advanced International 
Studies, pias the trans-Atlantic clash of 
ideals into historical perspective. 

Both articles appear Monday. 

conceded victory to the African National Con- 
gress and its president. Nelson Mandela, who 
will be inaugurated cm Tuesday as the ooun try’s 
first Made president 

Mr. Mandela stressed during a visit to the 
Soweto township on Johannesburg’s outskirts 
that his party did not intend to rate autocrati- 
cally, and be refused to speculate on the size of 
the party’s national vote. 

There was no need to speculate cm the final 
election result, he added. “The facts will estab- 
lish whether the ANC will get two-thirds,” he 

It was not clear when the vote counting 
would be completed. The independent Elector- 
al Commissioa, embarrassed by logistical chaos 
and apparently victimized by sabotage, prom- 
ised only that the results would be ready by 
Tuesday, for Mr. Mandela’s inaugural. 

Figures issued by the commission gave the 
African National Congress 652 percent of the 
17 milli on votes counted, out of a possible 23 
million, lor the 400-seat National Assembly. 

The National Party had 203 percent, the 
Inkatha Freedom Party 7.9 percent and the 
white rightist Freedom Front 2.1 percent 
A two-thirds majority would in theory give 
Mr. Mandela’s party a free hand in formulating, 
a new constitution, which alarms the National 
Party and Inkatha. But the ANC would be 
bound by a set of constitutional principles 
hammered out by political parties in three years 
of democracy negotiations, and a constitutional 
court wfll also oversee the process. 

The African National Congress has repeated- 
ly said that it has no wish to impose its will 
without consultation with other groups. 

The prospect of a huge victory for a party 
with a socialist background sent shivers 
through financial markets early Thursday. But 
they settled down later in the day with some 
dealers forecasting a “cordial agreement” on 
power sharing. 

The newspaper Business Day quoted the 
chairman of the Electoral Commission, Judge 
Johann Kriegler, as saying he expected the 
political parties to manipulate results to resolve 

disputes and irregularities in the voting. 

“Let’s not get overly squeamish about it," 
Judge Kriegler said. He said the commission 
had not been asked to certify the results as 
accurate, but as free and fair. 

Sources dose to the National Party said it 
believed it to be inconceivable that the party 
had received only 3 million votes — despite the 
fact that blacks lived under its apartheid rule 
for 40 years. 

They said they suspected fraud and believed 
the party would demand an audit of all com- 
plaints submitted to the commission on voting 
irregularities, if the ANC ended up with more 
than two- thirds and the National Party with 
such a small total. The commission has received 
about 1 ,000 complaints. (Reuters. AP ) 

d Oskar Slams the Bundesbank 

See CHINA, Page 6 

By Alan Friedman 

International Herald Tribune 

SAARBRUCFCEN, Germany — It’s obvious 
that Oskar Lafcmtaine. an outspoken politician 
who is likely to be named German finance 
minister if the Social Democratic Party wins in 
October, would lambaste the economic policies 
of the current party in power as the root of the 
country’s economic problems. 

Quite simply, he says, the government of 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl has ■‘no knowledge of 

But then Mr. Lafomaine reaches beyond the 
normal target of the opposition politician and 
goes after Germany's independent Bundesbank 
as well, saying it has been responsible for seri- 
ous mistakes that have prolonged the country’s 

Investment by German companies is 

“strangled,” said the deputy chief of the Socte 
Democrats, who is also premier of the tiny state 
of Saarland. Consumer spending remains de- 
pressed, he added, thanks to Bundesbank obdu- 
rateness about interest rates. 

He singled out as especially “wrong” the 
Bundesbank’s decision two years ago to raise 
the discount rale to 8.75 percent freon 8 percent 
during a recession, and he attacked the central 
bank's policy since then of making only gradual 
reductions in rates, saying tins had further 
contributed to Germany^ economic slump. 

Now that the Deutsche marie has appreciated 
against the Uii. dollar, he urged that the 
Bundesbank “take advantage of the strong 
mark and cut interest rates.” 

Mr. Lafontaine’s criticism of the Bundes- 
bank came during a wide-ranging interview at 

his office hoe, in which the Social Democrat 
who was once known as “Red Oskar" sounded 
unusually pro-business. His remarks carry spe- 
cial weight as he has played an important role 
in shaping the Social Democrats’ economic 
policy, and he was the party's candidate for 
chancellor in the general election of 1990. 

“We have changed," he acknowledged, say- 
ing that his left-of -center party was no longer 
tom by internal strife and had become more 
: in its approach to economic policy, 
added that a government led by Rudolf 
Scharping, the Social Democratic candidate 
who is running against Mr. Kohl in the October 
elections, would introduce programs that 
would be dose to those of President Bfl] Clin- 

“What we need is a Bundesbank policy to 

See GERMANY, Page 7 


i* « 1 stfSS ronsnndn ‘ b l 

Page 9. 

Book Ren™ 

The crash spewed flames that set Grew a: 
least 12 cars, officials with die Tort Author- 
ity of New York sad New Jersey sad. 

To Read This: Start at Left, Go Down, Up, Maybe 


Page 24. 



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By James Barron 

New York Timer Service 

NEW YORK — Peter Jordan is a writer. Like Ernest 
Hemingway, he turns out shot, plain, punchy sentences. Like 
Danielle Steele or Stephen King, he is widely read; his last 
wade went through several Wg printings. 

But his success has not gone to his frexti- Unlike monster- 
salary, monster-ego authors, he is self-effacing. “When people 
say, 1 loved tins,’ I almost say, Tm sorry you had to read it,’ ” 
he declared. 

maybe, program the machine to record the right channel, at the 
right time. 

He is one of a new generation of technical writers whose 
assignment is to prepare manuals that users can actually use. 
He is not alone, Thomson Consumer Electronics, winch makes 
RCA. GE and ProScan home appliances, hired cognitive psy- 
chologists in its quest for easier-tofoIJow maniutk 

W riting an instruction manual may sound like a no-brainer. 
Bui universities like Carnegie Mellon in Pittsburgh now offer 
master’s degrees (in professional writing) and doctorates (in 

, Mr. Jordan, 34, writes instruction manuals for Sony televi- 
sion sets, Stereo recovers, compact disk players, deck radios 
and vidcocassettB recorders, Ha goal is to get consumers to do 
what many consider tbs impossible: set the VCR clock so that 
it does not flash 12:00 day in and day oul And maybe, jusi 

rhetoric) for manual-writers, and just last month the Fashion 
' York Q'ty had more than 300 

Institute of Technology in New ’ 
manuals on display. 

Three hundred manuals, and still no one can explain why 
following one is a no-can-do for so many people. A substantial 
number of VCR owners never program their machines, despite 

innovations that dramatically cut the number of steps that 
have to be followed. 

Jonathan Price, the author of several books about technical 
writing, says: “Tve had managers from companies that make 
VCRs say, ‘I read our manual, and I still can't set it for next 

“Or phone systems- They read through pages and pages and 
then go blank when they have to transfer a calL” 

Mr. Jordan said the ideal manual would be so simple that it 
would make sense to someone who couldn’t read. 

“Rather than make mstroctions dear in wads,” be said, “it 
has to be more intuitive. There has to be less em p h a tic qq 
actual explanation. Fa- every innovation, it takestnat much 
more out of the instruction manual for people to read.” 

In other words, Mr. Jordan favors what David Peters, a 

See VCR, Page 3 

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Page 2 


Queen and President Shape a Golden St 

By Barry James ~ 

PARB-AitoT^ordi- A Ijmguage to Avoid Cross-Purposes 

nary mortals will not be able to O " 

By Barry James 

laterruuianaJ Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Although most ordi- 
nary mortals will not be able to 
use the link For several more 
months. President Francois Mit- 
terrand and Queen Elizabeth II 
will formally inaugurate the 
Channel tunnel Friday in ceremo- 
nies (Xi both sides of the channel. 

They will gather near the histor- 
ic Reid of the Goth of Gold, 
where English and French naon- 
archs met in die 16th century, and 
declare the tunnel open in France. 
Then, after lunch, they wiU drive 

in the queen’s Rolls-Royce to a 
shuttle train For the 50- kilometer. 
35-minute crossing beneath the 
Straits of Dover to Folkestone, 
where white cliffs glisten across 
the water. 

The tunnel is the most ambi- 

Iniemaional Herald Tribune 

PARIS — How will the British bobbies say 
‘ “eUo,‘dlo, 'ello” and the French Jhes demand 
"vos papas" when the Channel tunnel opens for 

The answer is in " PoliceSpeak," the language for 
cross-channel cops. 

"It is not a kind of Esperanto or anything like 
that," said Inspector John Gfedhfll of the Kent 
County Constabulary, a keen linguist who is in 
charge of the PoliceSpeak project. 

“It’s an attempt to look at the language used in 
police communications that can be standardized." 

The project essentially looks at which words 
should be selected, or rqected, to make meaning 
absolutely clear. 

Take a word like “caution.” This is the formal 
warning that a British policeman must give to any 

arrested person that anything said from that point 
may be used in evidence: 

Bnl in French, a caution is a fine in one context, 
bail in another, or purchase deposit in a third. 

So this is a word that PoliceSpeak would proba- 
biyleave out. 

The language budd5 on the experience of devd- 
oping AirSpeak for pflott and air traffic control- 
lers. and for maritime communications. 

But PoSce5peak is more complex because of the 
large range of arcumstances with which the police 
have Jo deal. 

Meanwhile, the British and French police are 
also setting up a bilingual text messaging system 

English wflfenerge the other entThTFrenchf or 
vice versa. Again, the system . — based on the 
experience of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police 
— depends on a precise use of specific langnagc. 

tious civil engineering project in 

Europe this century, and is the 

centuries of ^ m in the European Union, 

dreams about Unking Britain to 
the Continent by tunnel, bridge or 

strongly opposes moves toward 
European federalism, fears it may 
lose its way of life and clings to the 

Technically, some argue. Brit- concept of a special relationship 
ain lost its island status Dec. I. with the United States. At the 
1990, when French and British same time it does more (h?n 50 
workers first made contact in one percent of its trade with its Euro- 
of the three tunnels that make up pean Union partners, 
the link. It bas taken about a year For their part, the French d»«g 

longer than expected to complete to their misconceptions about the 

the installatio n and equip it for 

to tnetr misconceptions a boat me 

“roastbeefs" on me other side of 
the channel where, as the saying 

Psychologically and politically, goes, the beer is warm and the 
though, Britain still tends to think soup is cold. The government is 

like an island. It is often the odd concerned about the invasion of 

“Anglo-Saxon" culture and lan- 
guage and has just passed, a law 
Bn ffi n g the use of English in offi- 
cial communications and the me- 

The newspaper Le Monde pub- 
lished a cartoon showing Mr. Mit- 
terrand and the queen rhapsodiz- 
ing ifrat the tunnel is “better than 
the ferry.” Culture Minister Jac- 
ques To u bon stands to one side, 
muttering that in France one says 
ormsbordeur, not ferry. Neverthe- 
less, the rail service that will cany 
cars and trucks through the tzmnd 
is officially known on both sides 

Bill to Outlaw Some Uses of English 
Nears Approval in French Legislature 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatcher 

PARIS — The National Assem- 
bly cm Thursday approved a bill 
intended to protect the French lan- 

S introducing fines for the 
use of English when a 
French word is available. 

The measure, which imposes 
fines of up to 20,000 francs 
($3,500), was backed by the gov- 
erning coalition of the Union for 
French Democracy and the Rally 
for the Republic. Socialist and 
Communist legislators abstained. 

The bill, introduced by Culture 
Minister Jacques Ton bon. now re- 
turns to the Senate for a second 
vote: It is virtually certain of final 

In the Assembly debate Wednes- 
day, Didier Mafhus, a Socialist, de- 
nounced the measure as “unen- 
forceable” and charged that it gave 
the French language an image of 
being “narrow and defensive." 

The French Academy of Science 
warned Wednesday that the legisla- 

tion would “seriously compromise 
French scientific influence” and 
would also damage French culture 
and language in the world. 

The Nil stipulates that notes in 
French, or simultaneous interpre- 
tation, must be available at interna- 
tional conferences held in France 
and organized by French nationals. 

The scientists said the law would 
make it practically impossible to 
hold scientific seminars in France 
for organizational and financial 

The press has mocked the bill, 
and polls indicate that the French 
people have no intention of chang- 
ing their English-laced speech. But 
for France's language guardians, it 
is not a joke. 

“It's an extremely serious ques- 
tion,** Mr. Toubon said Wednes- 
day. ‘it goes to the heart of our 
country’s place in the world.” 

A type of commercial En glish 
was spreading through France and 
the French were using it out of 
“snobbery ” Mr. Toubon said. 

Italy Rejects EU Alarm Gonzalez 
On Any Neofascist Role Asserts He 

Rouen member of the National Alliance way • • 

ROME — Italy's National Alii- political bureau, at a news briefing IX//) Y| f § ft MIT 
ance accused the European Parlia- on Thursday. Mr 


ROME — Italy’s National Alli- 
ance accused the European Parlia- 
ment on Thursday of interfering in 
Italian domestic affairs after the 
assembly raised the alarm about 
the posable presence of oeofasrists 
in sDvio Berlusconi's new conser- 
vative government. 

President Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, 
in a terse statement, in effect told 
the Strasbourg parliament to stay 
out of his country’s affairs. He said 
Italy, a founder member of the Eu- 
ropean Community, “needs no re- 
minders and no lessons.” 

The European Parliament said in 
a motion Wednesday that EU 
countries needed to make it clear to 
Mr. Scalfaro that the new govern- 
ment must “remain faithful to the 
fundamental values underlying the 
creation of the European Commu- 

This was clearly directed at the 
prospect of the National Alliance's 
sharing power in a coalition gov- 
ernment led by Mr. Berlusconi. 

“The fascist peril in Italy does 
not exist," said Gustavo Selva, a 

For wwrtnwrt InformoHon 

every Saturday in the IHT 

member of the National Alliance 
political bureau, at a news briefing 
on Thursday. 

“The European Parliament is in- 
terfering in Italian politics,” he 
said. Tt is not for this parliament 
to judge an electoral result We 
have to accept the people’s deci- 

Italian newspapers called the 
motion an open demand for Mr. 
Scalfaro to veto the appointment of 
any ministers from the neofascist 
Italian Social Movement 

That party, made up of political 
heirs of Mussolini, is the key fence 
in the National Alliance front that 
shared in Mr. Berlusconi's triumph 
in March general elections. 

“Italy’s faithfulness to the values 
and principles which are at the ba- 
sis of the constitution of Europe is 
dear and beyond discussion,” Mr. 
Scalfaro said in a statement. “It 
needs no reminders and no les- 

Mr. Berlusconi's spokesman, 
Antonio Tajani. said; “Berlusconi 
has said more than once that there 
will be no fascist ministers.” 

Senior political sources expea 
him to exclude Italian Social Move- 
ment members from his cabinet or 
to chose m e mber s of that party 
who are young enough not to have 
been involved with Fascism in 
World War U. 

Sal. IV11 -PA2G 

J ust tell the taxi driver, “Sunk too dx boo" i* 
PARIS; 5. rue Daunou 
BERLIN : Grand Hold Esplanade 

HAMBOURGj Bhachenhof 

of the channel as Euroshnttk 
rather than Euronavette. 

Some of the historic national 
differences will fade as people re- 
alize that they wiD be able to leave 
their work at the end of the day in 
Lon don and be in Paris in time for 
supper — or vice versa. 

That day is still a ways off. The 
first Eurostar trains carrying regu- 
lar paying passengers are not ex- 
pected to run until July. The car 
shuttle trains wiD not start operat- 
ing cm a regular basis until Octo- 
ber. Buses and campers w£Q have 
to wait until March 1995 for their 

turn to use the service. Full pas- 
senger operations may not be es- 
tablished until summer next year. 

The first to benefit from the 
tunnel wiD be the freight shippers. - 
Trains carrying freight and a lim- 
ited shuttle service for Bucks may 
■ stan as early as next Monday. 

Eurotimnd says that the ddajr 
in building up to Full operations is 
doe to the tardy delivery of rollirtg 
stock and (be need to carry out 
operational and safety checks. 

The tunnel builders have had to 
haul out 10 Bullion tons of chalk 
and pour in about 100 biDtou 
francs of investment since Mr.. 
Mitterrand and Margaret Thatch- 
er shook hands on the deal in 
1986, when she was Britain’s 

prime minister. In addition, bodi- 

ades have made enounnous in- 
vestments in mew or improved 
roads and France has built a dedi- 
cated track for high-speed trains 
from Paris to Calais. 

The trains will have to alow 
from more than 300 kflometcis an 
hour to about half that speed in 
Britain because a special high- 
speed track on the other ride is 
still many years away. Its comple- 
tion will cut the journey time from 
three hours to two and . a half, . 
making the trains even more com- 
petitive with the airlines. 

The car shuttle crossings will 
take about one hour, including 
customs and immigration formali- 
ties — about the same as cross-. . 
rhnnne) Hovercraft services tram 
Dover to Calais but about half an 

hour less than the ferry crossing. 
Although the tmmd wiD be more 
expensive than the ferries,- Enro- 
timnd hopes travelers will be at- 
tracted byiis speed and r^bffity 
and thefact that drivers. wiD he 
able to “turn up and go" whhbma 
reservation at any time of the day 
or night : . : 

Eurotunnel hopes to optmaat 
least half the crosKhaimd. trade 
for passengers and goods, but its 
buac debt and a vigorous countcr- 

doud its financial future, accord- 
ing to many analysts. The inaugu- 
ration did little to improve /the 
depressed share-^price, which ' 
Stood on Thursday at about 40t75 
francs. : 

Nevertheless, die director of 
Eurotunnel, Georges-Christian 
Chazot, predicted the fortunes of 
the tunnel would pick up ’rabidly 
mice it was fully open for busi- 
ness. He called it The key to the 
development of the Untied King- 
dom and to a whole part of Eu- 

Before leaving tint respec tiv e 
ca pitals, Mr. Mtaenand-and the 
queen will inaugurate new inter- ; 
national terminals at the Gare dii 
Nord and Waterloo Station. At 
the same time, Prime Minister 
Jean-Luc Dehaene of Rdghnn will 
inaugurate the international ter- 
minus at the Gate da Midi in 
Brussels, which wiH be linked to 
London and Fans vja tbe hjgh^ 
speed train network. ■ 

“La us take what we need to 
enrich the language from Saini-Db- 
ms rather than from Brooklyn,” he 
argued. Saint-Denis is a working- 
class suburb of Paris. 

The bill requires the use of 
French in all print and audiovisual 
aduotistag. An amendment specif- 
ically rules out using trademarked 
slogans as a loophole — the Nike 
shoe company, for example, pre- 
sumably would have to translate 
“Just Do It" when it advertises in 

The tall says a dictionary of 
3,500 terms and technical expres- 
sions published ou March 15 wiD 
be the bible for France's language 
police. The dictionary outlaws such 
English words as airbag, walkman, 
crash, scoop and software, and pro- 
vides French equivalents. 

The bill says French wfll be com- 
pulsory on public notices and in 
work contracts, restaurants and in 
public transport and during lec- 
tures and debates. (AFP, AP) 

.rr.-4 ; 


MADRID — Prime Minister Fe- 
lipe Gonz&lez on Thursday 
brushed aside calls for his resigna- 
tion and vowed to stay in office to 
fight cases of official corruption 
that have shaken his Socialist gov- 

At a news conferen ce, Mr. Gon- 
zalez named replacements for his 
interior and agriculture minis ters 
who resigned this week in corrup- 
tion scandals. 

Mr. Gonzikz also accepted the 
resignation from thrirparhamenta- 
ry seats of former Interior Minister 
Jose Luis Corcuera and former 
Economy Minister Carlos Sokhaga 

C a t alan 

Catalan nationalists had de- 
manded that the two go as their 
price for supporting the govern- 

Mr. Goozalez said that his gov- 
ernment still enjoyed parikunenu- 
ry support and tint he had no in- 
tention of calling early general 

In recent weeks allegations of tax 
fraud against a former Bank of 
Spain governor. Mariano Rubio Jt- 
mtoez, and charges of embezzle- 
ment against Luis Roklia Ibafiez- 
have, former chief of the GvO 
Guard, left the Socialists with their 
worst political crisis in almost 12 
years in power. 

Mr. Rubio and Manuel de la 
Concha, the broker who handled 
his financial affairs, were taken 
into custody in Madrid on Thurs- 
day, charged with defrauding the 

Mr. RoidAn disappeared after an 
anest warrant was issued. 



Andre* Wino*/ Apace Rnetonc 

HEADING FOR A FAIL — Prime Minister John Major striding out of a London poffing 
station after voting in load elections Thursday. His governing Conservative Party appeared 
headed for a tivadnsg by Labor and Liberal Democrats, foe BBC projected. The projections 
gwe Labor 44 percent, op 4 percent from foe 1990 local elections. The Tories were projected In 
get 27 percent, a fall of 5 percent The Liberal Democrats appeared to be up 5 percent from 1990. 

'^TheJmh.bflS been identified as Jeffrey ‘Schfirvitz, 52, &foai^_& poo]k>^ 
gist. Mr, Sdjevhzrs wtf^ Beatrice Altman, fe iOso under umsogaooa lor 

(he nudeaf research cenier aace 1980,tad before tiat was at a German 
university, ^detivered a maftitode rfmfbcmahon anardO^neats to uk 
S tasL thc East German soamty a&ncy, from 1977 to 1989. Miss Richie 
mnfjr med that the matiVTO 

Sweden, m Shifl^Signs ^fdiNATO 

- STOCKHOLM (AF)-- Tbc govcrmncnt loosened up a lon&standmg 
policy otnonaBgnment on Thursday fed decided- to enroll this -neutral 
country in NATO’s program Partnership for Peace. 

. “The parfiamou gavciia approval and tbejgovernment has taken the 
for mal '- wriq^n* ' iaiM TTenrir M nrman, Iroitigt Ministry offidaL 
Sweden ^ scheduled to sign a membership document at NATO head- 
quarters inftrassefran Monday, along with ztrpdghbor Finland, another 
neutral coantry.'- 

indudra iniHt^ coopcration and joint tramm^lmt stop^liort of full 
membership. Swtdenand Finland arc the 1 first-neutral countries to sign 

•up.- " ' ' . . ..!• ' • 

China Snubs Patten on 

' HONG KONG (Reuters) ~ China is cGndaamg jHgh-profile : talks 

; . HONG KONG (Reuters) ~ China is condncting ingh-profile talks 
whhifs Hp^Kong aBieg on Governor Chris opine tnxf this wed: 

Mr/^attcn’s aitenqpTto “go it aloneT wiR faiL Mr Patten and pn>- 
deinocracy partics^m Hcmg Ko^ have notbeen invited.. 

Overseen by Lu Rng, w ty> » ffirector: of China’s. Hong Kong and 

M ar 3 *° AFfnirgOfp <y ) thr Piri imina r y WfniriTigf/ WTnTttfpa ig mBCIlDg on 

fey issues such as the future of the eltxlorai Systran and ovil service: 

- Tins is the conumtte& first sesaoriin Hong Kong; it met prevuiusly in i 
rhma It consists of Oncesedfi&ids.and - pro-China oolooy residents. 

PHNOM PENff(/tiP) rr TbeUnrttd States and other nations should 
arm Cambodian govermrimtlMfces if flic Kbm« Rouge keeps fighting. 
King Norodom Shanouts^ Thmad^. He made jhe suggestion in a 
talk with joumafists. z r . - i ' 

wives of KFNLE sciffiera wtio. yei rea tiattn He was itferong to 

atddias of the Ktoner Peop&’s Nattonal liberation Bxmt, fanner afiies 
at the Khmer Rouge The^Khmer Rouge president Khieu-SanqAan, 
suppefftfrf t^j^^ ^^osal for a naltonwide but oqnessed 

- On R^gn aid, ^ihe kmg said ihalif fitting continued “thm foere is no 
otber sohmon eroqH for : the aiming of the royal mny by all countries 
which -have an interest in feqang Cauti>odia , as ‘one country.” He 
mentibned the Uflited States, Franceand Australia. V .-V . ; ' 

. ' TtfirrM— floor nih^mner home of a 

suspected s erial kiTVer WGtoiiceater, Fi ^and, suffoty had found the 
remains of ayramg giri. The tfiscovtay brooghl the total number of bodies 
discovered in the investigation to 11. Itwas the third excavation ate in the 
case involving the suspect, Frederick West ' • • . ** • (Reuters) 


ABIDJAN, Ivory Coast <AEP)--=- Ivory CoaRplans to lift a 20-year- 
old ban oh hunting gahmm-atafto raise tourist revenue and jmmote 
cj^qymait, tfe govtnrawQt aiHKmiK^ IBuisday. 

The ban, incased in 1974, has not achieved its aim of protecting the 
. country’s wfldhfe because of poadmmund samagag, Re statement said. 
TfeAgrioilture Mmisriy estimated mat smuggling aocoonted for 65,000 
tons ofganKcachyeaian d r e pres e n ted an amual tax loss of $86 mflBoa. 
> Wikffifcfllso pxovTdes food, the rtateniaxt raid, in pmt making op for 
shortages in meat produettan. The gjvmnucnt bad decided to adopt a 
“rea&trcsohuion,^ rather thanpet up with “unregulated slaughter, often 
leading to imbalances amcrag species and even to the extinction of some 
of them,” the statement said. 

Tally Points to Regional Inkatha Victory 

By Paul Taylor 

Wtahurpum Past Service 

JOHANNESBURG — With the vote count- 
ing in South Africa's first democratic election 
bogged down by apparent computer tampering, 
there are unofficial indications that the Zulu- 
based Inkatha Freedom Party will score a sur- 
prise victory in South Africa's strife- torn region 
of KwaZulu-Natal 

If the unofficial tally in KwaZulu-Natal is 
certified, it would mean that, despite a nation- 
wide landslide of more than 60 percent, (he 
African National Congress will lose two of the 
nation’s three most populous provinces. It lost 
Western Cape, which includes Cape Town, to 
the incumbent National Party. 

None of these results is likely to be official 
before the weekend, in part because computer 
sabotage has forced the Independent Electoral 
Commission to resort to a slower, manual re- 
porting procedure, and in part because charges 
and countercharges of vote fraud in KwaZulu- 
Natal still await a political settlemenL 

In the computer t amp er ing , someone appar- 

ently inserted a program into the election com- 
nnssion's main computer that added a few 
percentage points worth of votes on a slow, 
incremental basis to a number of smaller par- 

The sabotage was discovered when the com- 
puter tallies did not square with hand summar- 
ies of reports from 800 counting stations 
around the country. The number of votes in- 
volved was only in the thousan d s , and correc- 
tions have been made. 

Ballot counting is virtually completed in 
KwaZolu-NaxaL According to one election 
commisaoaer. Chief Mangosurhu Butbetezfs 
Inkatha party has received at least a plurality 
and perhaps a majority of the region’s votes. 
The African National Congress has crane in 
second, and the Nati onal Party, a potential 
coalition partner in the ngios with Inkatha, has 
crane in third, with about lO percent 

No numbers are firm, however, because the 
AN C has daimed massive vote fraud, amount- 
ing to hundreds of thousands of votes in a 
province where about <5 million ballots were 
cast. It claims there was widespread staffing of 

ballot boxes at “prrateT voting stations xmder 
the control of the Buthdezt-ted KwaZhlu 
“hrandaud" government, whereno oet»d© ob- 
servers were present ' v " ’ VY ; 

Chief Bmhderi said Wednesday H was Noy 
mean” at the African National Congress to 
' raAcso dt sge^atkms . man »£” r 

dear to us that tbese^daims amoonito^^^' 
bade; option should the ANC fafl. to wm-a 
majority.” Y :;Y 

Tbe Bectoral CommissiQn has an daborate* 
ced ure , and the cooumsstqn dtamnati, Judge 
J oh a nn Kjtqder, Indicated there was evidence 
of some stuffing of ballot bores.-. ' 

But he has also rude it dear thax-the couu- 

bytfeweekend, so ar n« to ddjty the sdted- 
akd Monday attingrrf die country’s first dem- 
ocratic Paifamerii ortireinangprationon.Tues- 
day of the president-in-waiting. Nelson 

M an de la, who as bead of the African- National 
Congress is virtinAy assured dectioai. to the' 
post by the ParfiamenL 

German Hale Acte 
AreLess Violent 

; Tbe Associated Pros 
■Y BONN — The federal police re- 
ported 219 crimes motivated by ha- 
tred for foragnea in March, an 
inoeare of 14 ovo'februaiy, the 
.government , said. Thursday. But 
Gmuauy s internal intelligence bu- 
rean said c most of the acts were j 
nonviolent crimes HV** ^tiay-paint- ' 
. ing swastikas. - 

. yrnfent rightist acts have de- 
dined this ycar,aqcordii^to Hai& 
Gert L a nge, spokesman for ti» Qf- 
lor - the Protection of the 
Constitution. Between Jail l and 
April 22,. there we- 43B rightist i 
attacks, coumared with 699 in the I ; 
same period last year. V 

Mr. Lange attributed the decline 
in violence tins year to more rigor-g* 
oos sentencing by judges, such as*. 

meln e sentence hapdea out in Dc- ) 

cemher to a 26-year-old man con-r 
weted of kffling three Tta fe in A 

To call from country to country, or back to the U.S., dial the World Phone number of the cpuhttyyou'rd catling from. 


(Avatbrlr trotti public casdpbcma crJvJ 








ecu di 

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'framhRl ■ ■ * p -■ 





Page 3 



eflBMttpieceof r r s ( 

My ei% 

'mjLx V»- ^ 

U.S. Pupils Short on Basics, Study Finds 

upNatiora. MadeU 


•V 5fc 

American students spend about 
1.460 hours studying subjects like 

fflalhffliaiim cmmuw. J Li.. 


uu, |®*ji 
«W;*WI an suorr^ 

Mtila femur 

£* te “Wi»S£ 

Tfc Si." who has . 
tfere flat was it a n*Z a 
W»Wtd documents’*?* 
i 4577 10 1989. Mis; 

, avenvoiiS liLh^L ghl by s P end 3.170 hours, French 

‘ tie tiinc ^ bl - 3280 and German 3,528. 

re port pro vides the most 

«i SShsP^ 

WSPEsaS 3 ^-— -* 

triahzed count^ 1 rf? h ^i? duS ' J 1 comparatively short 
study Of S^aL, two-year school days and the nine-month 
; day? bothS Ss T en( l tbeir scho ° I y®" for some of the imbal- 
sb&Xt aSSSL 1 t? r h T* aacc - * UI ai«w a broad 
' Stedmtsmen^?^ kgb School movement to load down students’ 


The report’s results dovetail' with 
those of other studies that have 
tracked a decline in American stu- 
dents’ achievements compared 
with their foreign peers. 

But it goes a step further, high- 
lighting the time lost for the social 
functions schools are expected to 

“The traditional school day must 
now fit in a whole set Of require- 
ments for what has been called the 
'new work of the schools,' educa- 
tion about persona] safety, con- 
sumer affairs, AIDS, conservation 
and energy, family life and driver's 
training,’* it noted. 

That point was applauded by 
lucators who have been strug- 

terms of the public's perception," 
said Nancy Kochuk, a spokeswom- 
an for the National Education As- 
sociation. “As an insider and some- 
one who talks to teachers all the 
time, there's not that much that is 
really new. But it is important that 
parents and others can see that 
schools are really slaves to time" 

Contrasting American home life 
with after-school study habits in 
other countries, the report also con- 
cludes that foreign students “spend 
more serious time teaming outside 
the school” and “fritter away less 
time in front of the television." 

Teachers also come under scruti- 

Let Haitians 
WorkltOut f 


-V- W 

. 0 -\- ».«•»■-* . _>**»«?,. v ., • 

C **• *v «•* ' ' 

educators who have been strug- 
gling to raise school standards 
while at the same tune meeting 
community and federal demands 
for expanded curricuhnn. 

**I think it is pretty radical in 

ny, and the report concludes that 
German and Japanese teachers are 

By Stanley Meisler 

Lea Angela Tima Service 


York — Despite a O in t o n wrimipis - 

tration proposal for tougher sanc- 
tions on Haiti, the UN secretary- 
general has issued a pessimistic 

German and Japanese teachers are 
given more time for class prepara- 
tion, grading and iheir own further 
education than American teachers, 
who teach fewer students, but have 
longer hours. 

report urging outsiders to play a 
more passive role and allow Hai- 
tians to work out a solution to the 
crisis themselves. 

The report to the UN General 
Assembly was evidently written be- 
fore the administration had com- 
pleted a review of its Haitian policy 
and changed course. 

American diplomats insisted 
that the report did not mean that 
Secretary General Burns Bums 
Ghali opposed the new U.S. call for 
mlensifytng sanctions. 

“Secretariat officials have indi- 
cated to us,” said a U.S. official, 
“that it was written before and that 
they have no quarrel with our pre- 
sent sanctions resolution." 

United Nations officials also de- 
nied any conflict between the Unit- 
ed States and Mr. Bums Ghali 
over renewed sanctions. 

“The report was written and ap- 
proved by the secretary-general a 
week ago,” said Alvaro de Soto, 
Mr. Bums Ghali ’s special adviser 
for political affairs. "It is an update 
on developments and should not be 
taken as a policy statement. It 
wasn't intended to be a divergence 
from anything the Security Council 
might do." 

But the report suggested that the 
time had come for the international 
community to step back. Mr. Bu- 
tros Ghali wrote that, over the 
months, “the international commu- 
nity's role changed gradually from 
that of mediator between parties to 
that of sole agent responsible for 
finding and implementing a solu- 
tion to the deadlock." 

“This new role for the interna- 
tional community is prqudicial," 
Mr. Bulros Ghali wrote. “Some see 
it as compromising the internation- 
al community's neutrality and thus 
weakening its ability to instill con- 
fidence and lead the parties to a 
vital compromise." 

He recommended that “a more 

yarn ed up a The $100 9 000 Quest: A College Degree 

Psace. - 3aa «i 

faaxai r.a; 

ign Ministry 

fa et an e n x at N \Tn Sf \ 

i Wlttar Finland, 

mg but stop? shon o/g 

Some Turf 

By William H. Honan 

v „„. New York Timer Service 
NEW YORK. —Several of the nation’s lead- 
mg colleges have broken the Si 00 .000 barrier 
for a four-year degree. 

next fan, Hamid freshmen will 
W«6230 a year for tuition, fees, room and 
.board, and Yale students will pay $120 more, 
ine Massachusetts Institute of Technology is 
Brown » 525,954. Svrarth- 

S^5^5 Sto,f0rd “ 11,6 ChrapeSt ° f 

jtdocting hrsh-rre-' ■» -a 
Wtont ■.■a? 

ft?.- Mr. Pasts:, sJS 

|X3C invited. 

Choi’s Ho “2 *-• 

rvftem and sr.-i 


►China crier-. 

Swarthmore’s vice president for business and 
finance. William T. Spock, echoed the feelings 
of many parents. Tm sure glad my kids are 
toragh with allege!" he said. 

“We agonize over this every year, "said Eliza- 
b«h Hutdekoper, Harvard's budget director. 
“Obviously, the $25,000 mark has symbolic 
significance, but it wasn’t a barrier. Any in- 
crease is carefully considered." 

She continued: “When setting niitiVw, we 

look at inflation, median family income, the 
consumer price index, our finan cial aid objec- 
tives and a great many other factors, including 
the president’s concern that we keep Harvard 

She, like other university officials, was quick 
to point out that many of their students — 67 
percent at Harvard and more than half at many 
others — receive generous helpings of financial 
aid. At Cornell University, for example, half 
the students receive financial aid that averages 
about $10,000 a year. 

Nevertheless, many students — generally 
those who come from families with incomes 
above $100,000 — are paying the full price. 
And many others have become part of a phe- 
nomenon known as “middle income melt." 

These students would almost certainly have 
gone to private colleges and universities if 
prices were lower, instead, they are at much less 

country is rising even more rapidly than those 
of the private institutions, although, of course, 
the totals are only a fraction of those at most 
private colleges and universities. The cost for 
in-state students last year (1994-95 figures have 
yet to be set by many state legislatures) range 
from $11,726 for the University of Vermont to 
$5,504 at the University of North Carolina. 

students and their families," said T] 
Mortcnson, a higher education polk 
based in Iowa City. “We’re heading 

price-based admissonpoHcy where the people 
who can afford it win go to college and the 
others won't." 

“In 1979," he said, “a student whose family 
income was in the lop quartile had a lour times 
greater chance of earning a BA degree by the 
age of 24 than did a student in the lowest 
quartile. Today, that well-off student has a 19 
times better chance.” 

expensive public institutions. 
The cost of public institi 

cost of public institutions across the 


IXM other • 

met Row; irrr- v- 

mk K-t: izz: 

* I>OU 11 (AL NOTES.* 

Away From Politics 

baopr &r-*3= r-c-_w ^ 

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U.S. District Court in Los Angeles lowered the sentence of Richard 
Miller to 13 years from 20 years and said he should serve no more 
than two-thuds of it Mr. Miller, 57, was found guilty in 1990 on six 
counts of Bpying. He has ment nine years in prison since Ins arrest in 
1984 and is now eligible for parole, his lawyer said. 

• Florida wfll pay S2.1 mBBon in ccamamtioD to survivors of a racist 
rampage that destroyed a small buck community 71 years ago. 
Seven survivors of the Rosewood massacre in 1923 watched as 
Governor Lawton Chiles signed the legislation. A mob of whites 
burned down virtually every building in Rosewood and killed at least 
6 of the 120 blacks who lived there. They were searching for for a 
black man accused of assaulting a white woman. 


Joe T*aoa/Thr AmmaJHt Pro. 

HARD TIMES ARE ABOUT TO GET HARDER — - A panhandler making his way through a 
New York Gty subway car. The city’s Transit Authority has started cracking down on such 

activities, with arrests, anti-begging annotmeements in stations and posters on trains. 

2 Votes in House Give Clinton 

Surprise Gun Control Victory 

parties to a 

specifically Haitian solution be 
found" with the two parties, sup- 

a A 200-pound blade bear was shot and IdDed by Rhode Island 
officials after it mauled a family’s pet goat. State officials in Foster, 
Rhode Island, said they feared the. bear was rabid. “We do have a 
rabies problem," said David Tyler of the Department of Environ- 
mental Management The bear knocked down a fence and attacked 
the gpat, which was chained to a tree. "The goat didn’t have a 
chance," said Stephen Constantino, a family member. “It couldn’t 
defend itself.” 

• A man who wounded three doctors in a shooting 
Angeles County-USC Medical Center testified at 

e at the Los 
trial in Los 


Angeles that be wanted to get even with physicians for treating him 
‘like an animal." Damario Torres admitted he shot the doctors on 
Feb. 8, 1993. Witnesses said he burst into the hospital emergency 
room yelling: "I don’t want nurses! I want doctors! I want white 

• Dr. Jack Kevorkian add he wottid continue to help people commit 
saidde but would like other doctors to come forward. He was found 
not guilty Monday of violating Michigan’s ban on assisting suicides. 
His attorney argued the suicide of a man with Lou Gherig’s disease 
had occurred outside the county in which the jury that tried Dr. 
Kevoririan had jurisdiction. 

Reuters, AP 


LAWSUIT IN UMBO — PteAi C Jones bad been expected ; 
to fife a sexual hariBsment lawsuit Thursday against President 

— - I - a . L. » - ■ -* 

I - ■] 

S revc:^ - 

*»y r _ . 

la »rc» t‘- •— 

=*«=£_ tits 

Cfiffitofl in Arkansas, aHegtag that be made an unwanted 
advance toward bar in 1991 whfle be was governor of that 
state- Bat her attorney, Daniel M. Traylor, failed to show up 
for a scheduled news conference, and no lawsuit had been 
ffled. The White House has denied that tee incident occnrred. 

found" with the two parties, sup- 
ported by the United Nations, re- 
suming “an effective role in this 

But the U.S. official said the re- 
port reflected a theory, discarded 
by the Clinton administration only 
a week ago, that the best tactic for 
ending the Haiti crisis was pressure 
on the deposed president, the Rev- 
erend Jean-Beraard Aristide, to 
compromise with the miliiary and 
police officers who overthrew hin\ 

In its new strategy, the adminis- 
tration has decided to transfer 
pressure to the Haitian military 
and police commanders, demand- 
ing they resign and allow ihe return 
of Father Aristide to Haiti and the 

Senior U.S. officials said Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton had asked aides to 
suggest concrete options for use of 
U.S. military power in Haiti. 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

WASHINGTON — In a stunning upset victory 
Thursday for the Clinton administration, the House 
narrowly approved a ban on 19 types of combat-style 

Just hours before the vote, supporters of the ban 
had acknowledged they were short of the necessary 
votes. A week ago, defeat seemed certain. 

Yet, when it came time for members to cost their 
votes, some had changed their minds and came out for 
the ban. In doing so, they bucked the powerful Na- 
tional Rifle Association for the fust time. 

Ihe bill passed by a hairline margin: 216 to 214. 

Several lawmakers reversed their positions from a 
similar vote in 1991 on the volatile issue, saying they 
bad been pressed by law enforcement officials to 
support the ban. 

“Our police say to us, ‘Please, please put controls on 
these kinds of- weapons. We’re the people who have to 
face them,’ ” said John E Porter, Republican of Illi- 
nois. “Are we to say no?” 

Butler Derrick, Democrat of South Carolina, said 
Thursday on the House floor: “It’s time to take our 
streets back from the criminals and to end the carnage 
that has made us all prisoners in this nation, prisoners 
of fear." 

President Bill Clinton, who fought hard for passage, 
had earlier rewarded one House member who convert- 
ed from a ban opponent to supporter with a joint 
appearance in the White House Rose Garden. He 
called the change of bean by Stephen Neal, Democrat 
of North Carolina, “an act of conviction and 

The vote came after a passionate debate in which 
supporters of the bill repeatedly died tragedies in their 
home states in which innocent people were gunned 

rational right of law-abiding citizens to own firearms. 

The bill, which must uow be reconciled with a 
differing Senate version, would ban the manufacture 
and sale of 19 types of rapid-fire weapons such as the 
AK-47, the Uzi and the TEC-9, often used by drug 
dealers and street gangs. They include fa6t-fire rifles 
and handguns with high-capacity magazines. 

Before the vote, three former presidents endorsed 
tiie legislation. 

Ronald Reagan, Jimmy Carter and Gerald Ford 
wrote to all House members expressing iheir support 
Together, they and Mr, Clinton made a formidable 
lobby, stretching across a broad ideological spectrum 
and giving weight and added political cover to waver- 
ing House members. 

Among the living former presidents, only George 
Bush dia not sign the letter. He was an opponent of 

S in control measures during his term in the White 

The last time the House voted on a bill to bar 
assault-style weapons in late 1991, the measure was 
rejected, 247 to 177. 

Die Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms 
estimates there are l.S million of the guns in circula- 
tion, less than 1 percent of the 200 million firearms 

nationwide. They represent 8 percent of the guns 
traced from crimes, the agency says. 

Gerajd B. Solomon, Republican of New York, how- 
ever, said the firearms are used in less than one-half of 
one percent of violent crimes. 

"This bfll is misguided because it penalizes good, 
law-abiding dozens and not the c riminals who are the 
cause of the problem in ihe first place,” he said. 

But Tim Valentine, Democrat of North Carolina, 
who voted against a ban in 1991, supported this one, 
saying, The tight to bear arms does not give an 
American dtizen the right to park a howitzer in his 
garage." (AP, Reuters, LAT) 

land •• — ' ", 

i she 

On H— tth, Congre— Wants to Co Slower 

WASHINGTON — A number of developments on Capitol Hill 
provided Irish evidence that Congress prefen more gradual, Jess 
Joanprebensive changes in the health care system than President Bfll 

would take a dower, more mcremenial 

L. * 1 - * - — * nnr) nnlfhfJlI 

Opponents of the measure said it would do nothing 
to euro violent crime but would infringe on the consti- 

ASIA* State Dept. Aide Warns of 'Malaise’ in Relations VCR: The User’s Manual 

Continued from Page 1 

m Hate Art- 
£6 Violent 

nmn s urra cornu oouuu u*~ — 7 s r 

taQcanservative Democrats as an alternative to the CUntouplau. 
t *This bill, offered by Rqjresentatrve Janw Cooper of Tamessee 
T-h- x» Smuff nf l omnana. would not reauireexDDloy- 


.-tn* v 

|4 o«r rr* - . 

Sebantfdy, Senator David L. uorenor umanoma auoxnaror 
BobSSwof Nebraska became tire first Democrats to endorse a 
RrtubSSbill that expands health insurance coverage more 
B iiu than the presidem’s plan. '• v 



~c Putting the WoH B«clc In tti« W tt 

xv a RHTNGTON —The Clinton administration endorsed a plan 
, wdvts to two areas in the northern Rockies mere 

!? ““SSSStunr after the government helped extenmnatelhem 
than a J*5"2l5Sf ' tteWcst at ihe behest of the livestock industry. 

miKxm(*nKiit ib«-^ Dopdattai 

with human-rights conditions and 
earned an extension of low-tariff 
. trade privileges with the United 
States. Washington and Tokyo are 
locked in a stalemate over access to 
Japan’s markets. Both countries are 
key to any sense of Asian commu- 
nity, and important to a wider 
range of American interests across 
the globe. 

“A series of Americas measures, 
threatened or employed, risk cor- 
roding our positive image in the 
region, giving ammuni tion 10 those 
charging we are an international 
tunny, if not bully,” Mr. lord 
wrote. "Without proper course ad- 
justments, we could subvert our in- 
fluence and inteests.” 

Mr. Lend painted a picture of 
verall achievement in U E-Asian 

are j 


tei ■'< ^ ^ s 

if W ' O 

SMC*?'- Z r 

log sfcrre 4 - 

be rrig^sed in each a rea- 

i.irr 1 -’* 0 — — IPW]l ^ 

overall achievement in UE-Asian 
rdations, mduding stq« toward 
restoring relations with Vietnam 
and better ties with Indonesia and 
Malaysia. But he also suggested 
that some administration officials 
had been overly zealous in pursu- 
ing narrow goals without consider 
anon for longer-term poBcy toward 

that Mr. Lord has written a memo- 
randum calling for a change of 
course in Asia policy. Last July, be 
wrote a letter to Mr. Christopher 
that called for broadening contacts 
with China to create a better envi- 
ronment for holding human rights 
discussions. At the tinw, he warned 
that rdations with China were spi- 
raling downward. 

The latest memo listed a series of 
“disturbing straws in the wind” 
suggesting that Asian countries are 
learning to resist unilateral U.S. 
pressure. These were among them: 

• The “undercutting of us on hu- 
man ri ght? during his China visit" 
last month by the former Japanese 
prime minister, Morihiro Ho- 

• President Kim Young Sam of 
Smith Korea siding with China’s 
position that dialogue rather than 
economic sanctions are key to per- 
suading North Korea to drop its 
nudear weapons program. 

• The puotic opposition of Aus- 

tralia’s foreign minister. Gareth 
Evans, 10 Washington’s tactic of 
using trade levers to promote hu- 
man rights in China, during Mr. 
Christopher's visit to Australia in 

• Opposition among Asian 
countries to the notion that U.S. 
human rights judgments are rooted 
in universal principles. 

Mr. Lord appeared to criticize 
economic officials in the adminis- 
tration who try to punish countries 
for trade infractions without con- 
sideration of overall regional poli- 

It was unclear whether he felt it 
was a good idea to tie China's hu- 
man-rights performance to exten- 
sion of the country's trade status in 
the United States. 

There will be times when trade-, 
offs are required between compet- 
ing short- term objectives,'' Mr. 
Lord wrote. “At times we will need 
10 set dear priorities." 

Continued from Page I 
graphic designer in Manhattan 
who has made an extensive study of 
manuals, calls “implicit instruc- 
tions,” as opposed to explicit ones. 

“Some devices do this, and we’re 
barely conscious of them," Mr. Pe- 
ters said. “Banking machines, 
they’re a descendant of vending 
machines. There’s no manual at- 
tached to them, and yet they speed 
you along in a variety of lan- 

But with home electronic equip- 
ment, people are still intimidated. 
One of Mr. Jordan's creations is the 
manual for a Sony A V Controller, a 
device that lies together a system’s 
components — the AM-FM receiv- 
er, the compact disk changer, the 
videocasseite recorder, even a laser 

“we realized if we present the 
traditional thick master manual, 

they wouldn’t read it," he said. 
“Taking the idea from Macintosh, 
we sent out five little books." 

They were supposed to improve 
on rider manuals that made simple 
concepts complicated or were filled 
with capricious capitalizations and 
graceless gibberish. “When record- 
ing connecting with the Separate 
Speaker, howling may occur," cau- 
tioned the manual for a Panasonic 
RN-36 microcassetie recorder. . 

But plenty of made-in- America 
manuals have eccentricities. Page 
13 of the manual for the Maytag 
Jetclean dishwasher is headed 
“Caring for Dishwasher." 

“The interior is normally self- 
cleaning,” the manual says, with a 
keen eye for the obvious. This sen- 
tence is foDowed by half a page of 
things to clean, uh, manually, like 
the inside of the door and its robber 

Royal Plaza 



business with leisure. 


:V • 

T£L 41-21/963 5131 
FAX 41-2119635637 

Peace Corps to Poll Out Sierra Leone Volunteers 

stigfr° r 

HT. 'Or i*!' 

i;t”8 •** 

list and fcadtfrf a ^ eaa ^ X y t suffered a setback when 

Beach- .^^totrabactorfby*^ 

la S,’S'3S 5 >-” S * 5 ”“““S ! 5 

He worried that the style of UJS. 
firmg and driving Asian nations 
min a ranted fraa t against the 
United Stales. 

It is the second time in a year 

"As our embassy In SierraLeone 

- w ulm vujutua; miviih *-v\'*»* 

FREETOWN, Siena Leone — cannot guarantee the safety of 
About 300 Peace Corps volunteers these volunteers, especially those in 

from the United States are to leave the southern and eastern regions, 
Sara Leone next month due to the and presently the war hi stretched 

nf imhI >L. til 1 . . . - ...... 

spread of civil war in the West to the northern region, we have 
African country, an American dip- recalled all of them to Freetown.’’ 

T/mnil TV.aaJai. —U 

lomat said here Thursday. 

he said. 

.. Of /Unqug ^ 

r Powd 



STide who was ^ ^ Senate from Vbjrima: 


Mr. and Mrs. David AMAR, 
Mr. RafyEDEKY, 

Mr. and Mrs. Josfi BONICHE, 
and thdr children 
Mr. Jcto David COHEN, 
Mr. and Mis. Daniel AMAR, 
Mr. arid Mrs. Paul FRIBOURG, 

fwfctad ktliTV V- M r— — I IV ■«N-ch« IlM 

that the prayer ceremony ending 
the year cf mourning in 
memory of the dear, departed 


c.nW-G -*' p, °~ lt ‘ E ' 

— jssafflsr.- 

wffl be held on Sunday, May 8, 
1994, at 7 pint, a the Qasieloop 
Lauba Synagogue (15di>, and tia 
next day at 10 am, at the 
V Vdsato Cenieteiy. 

Now Printed in 
For Same Day 
Delivery in key Cities 


1 - 800-882 2884 

(IN NEW YORK CALL 212-752-3890) 

• f : » ** *’« * 

tv;' 5 *-/-- ■ 

k+* J./ - £4 f* 

:* AiS • 

*■ *1 * 

'■ * • 

Van Geef & Arpels 

** r»« -* ""J 

va .l if* 


hat we 

f restif he 

nd lax 

lieu. _l . 


ties." 10,1 

they t, e 

have ste 
si as ijc 
is far a; 
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: Mfene 
ould deg 

n the Ptoti 

nan v Olti T< 


collapse we 
Jnpaid L 

lave left B 6 

nacleof 16 * 
possible.® 5 
Paleslin ot 
and Jerii^, 

rs now P d£ 
offices w 1 ® 
obecomt 1 ^ 
. venting en 

for 20 oi£® 
mu stunn* 16 
st go awa’S 
Mr. Aral ® 
da’s inaujf 1 
rated ex© 
fai’s paw«“ 
speaking — 
aud Abb 
; Commit 
g the pea 

was “mo 
at refused 
Dhrasing v 
d around 
n minister 

letails of 
to sign, A 
wore that \ 
this way." 


1 diene 

1 Plage 1 

ical in No 
rear. Comt 
nan, Vixgh 
: massager 
ping and h, 
aa, has a h 
eral law fir 
■ices for era 

ae says, “D 

[ways incre 
tom the pre 
tich represe 
t magazine: 
that 100,( 
n\ issue w 
, with an ad 
■uted to ne* 
and areas 

it made its w 
□g budgets . 
ies. The dos 
e are advert! 
by tbeindusi 
Inch Nails, a 
ties, a prodi 
nh, Mr. Sir 
ns, which c 
and they cc 
Judd up! 
n I sold 360, ( 

es,” Mr. Sir 
a, I sold tom 
ally used as c 
could haves- 
-s of sneaker 
ket out there 


n appropri: 

ange policy, 
view on tied 

countering sp 
1 States was 1 
tis for the doll 
eves in float 
Villi am Mc£> 
the Federal 1 
w York, said 
ay. “You cs 
loafing exchai 
rnge rate targ< 
5 said Tuest 
that the G-7 1 
a floor under 

t psychologic 
tild trigger a fi 
ss the board,! 
1 That could 
tock and b< 
tilting dollar- 
held by ovw 

r , 

Page 4 



• :: 

tags*- - 


Country Estate 

Just 55 km west of Paris 
in a rafrn and privileged ate near 
Houdm 7 ha. land of which 3 ha. 
forest with pond, 3 ha. meadows 
suid 1 ha. landscaped grounds. 
Hunting lodge, caretaker's apartment 

helicopter landing possible 

850 «om lrcing space of which 200 sq.m, enfilade with marble 
floor 9 brae bedrooms, marble or Italian titled bathrooms, large 
equipped kitchen, 2+csff garage. Top quality recent construction, 
various professional uses possible. Justified high price. 

Owner* TeL (1)45 51 02 49 or (1)47 05 42 62 Fas (1)47 53 83 97 



MANOIR beginning of this century, 
19th cent, style, in village center. 
15 rooms, 6,800 sq.m, enclosed park. 
FF 3,000,000 

TEL OWNER PARIS: ( 1 1 - 47 57 80 66 (FRENCH ONLY). 

de la VR1LLAYE 

Renaissance Style — 
Loire Valley Region 
near Richelieu, 

10 ha. woodland, large 
outbuilding, main rooms 

enfilade, ground floor parents suite, 12 bedrooms ensuite 
27 m gallery, library, cellars. 

TeL: (33) 47 95 32 25 Fax: (33) 47 95 31 91 
Notaire, Tel.: (33) 47 95 30 23 

Alain CAREN 


4 Roucas, 83570 Cotignac 

Tel.: 94-04-64-17 Fax: 94-04-69-93 

Dont' miss 


a special section appearing 
on June 17. 

For information contact Fred Ronan in Paris: 
Tel.: (1) 46 37 93 91 Fax: (1) 46 37 93 70 


For Sale by Public Auction on Wednesday 25th, 19W 

"A Rare opportunity to acquire one of Dublin's most famous Hotels 

. Three roles from City Centre • On Dublin’s mah route South 

. Desirable Location • Development potential 

Accommodation jPfantwuj Pemti ssum aj stsfer: 

• 50 Bedrooms * Lesure centre pnouding pool) 

•8,500 sq. ft. Nite-dub ’2 ^ 8SlaL ^k 

•BuH 8 Bear Pub * Sho ffl5L5 - k ■ 

•Restaurant -Stand alons Madcal Centre/ Office 

•AH situated on 3 5 acres of grounds Block 


Neat Aix on Ptmcnoe, spaa 


£ ■; S imNE 

f - : ■■ ■■• 1 ESTATE AGENTS 

>1 76-p^rnbroke Rd., Ballsbridge, Dublin 4. Ireland, lntl.+353-l -6562533 

"Real Estate Marketplace" 

appears every FRIDAY 

gorcgc . terrace, 17 ho prom* hurting 


Fax (33) 91 OS 30 12 


In historic XYUHi renfwy cfetoi 

BaM wing condommum, B roans with 
fireplace. 2 baHvoonc. muguficmt 
listonc betkoom. 300 mm. Ewno n» 

['pw'v coir-iiiui-tcri top 1 

Beautiful:;,' , 

hitf-quSity details, b historical bnfld. Cbmpt My. 

Fa* +49-3W54 $t 22 * ” 

The Lodge at Effingham, 

Baikley Sound, Vancouver Island. 
B.C Canada- 

46 C-uest deluxe lodge canpWec lb 
1993 Lusurioustytumishaa ana 
appointed 70 seduded aow m one 
ofthe famous saiiron Bshlng areas 
In the workl 

Price. $3,700,000.00 (Con) 
Offered Exclusively For Sale by 
IrvRJdd (6041 6o2-5162 
Fax (604) 6W-9368 
CB Commercial 
Real Estate Croup Canada Inc 

1 400 - 1030 West Georgia Street, 
Vancouver, B.C V6E TCi. 




15 minutes from FARO airport 

Brourfui lah Century Country House, 
completely restored writ oS modem 
facilities, 8 rooms* 3 bdhfooms* bn o 
pored of 5400 sqjr., v«di enclosing 
waffs, waterweH, 7 Ian, from sea. 

Nef asking price: 95 miflion Esc. 
fax: 412234702 40 



ftwad fumXre. lane jwimmng pod. 
limps 6/B. h trend oam. J>JLY 
FF15JOOO- farmtght, AUGUST RF4D.OCO. i 
June/Sepl. poSshle. Write Loren. Bl 
rue du convert. F- 84200 Corpertns | 

LUXURY BURDfffG: 48 sqm 

Redone os new. 

Firiutinrl Vitchen, aufah bathroom, 
ah floor, Sf !. batoony, swry. 

Tab (1)46 27 2S 25 

20 im Wat Be* Pam. 19th cent, 
ramson 400 tqja.. pool, ha perk 
donaufe fares. FF14 M. 
Owner to: (33-1) *7 £0 6* 64 

Architect sdfc or hates ho hSKfanara- 
level house. SaankxQf sound. 1 Modi 

den/auet room, dmg room. At gee- 
tten tevofc 2 bedroom suite or if doffed, 
add be used as office wdft blo w s 
bom Sure* fed S635.QQQ ■ $3400/ 
■north. Photos avraWbta. Tr± 310/632- 
1BS0 or FAX- 310/652-1854 USA. 



70 acre site vrth beochfrort. World 
doss hotel & condos with casmo tcense 
S lax obrte n e rt . Mostly Beads From. 
Broker co t u n e sion guaranteed. Priced at 
$77 rriftem. 

(212) 888-7555 

(212) 371-9133 



4 berboona on 3.500 soon. okve grave 
Superb views over Medterraneon sea, 
guest vJa pool FF12JQO.COO. Cbwta 

SiCi tet 3393W2J H 

kd lor investment property 
a, private beach, lantasK 

SeB my heauRM 18th century MAS 
{Stone hnnhome)- 24) jqm. Eving 
jpcce with 3 b ri hroom s . 4 acra 
meadow, gaden and pool with sum- 
met Lichen. Seduded tsrt not aotomd, 
2 ndes frcm town, at fad oi AJpifcs. 
ff5.-HH.0in mdoing amflete qudjty 
arJoiiRs, base fumeure and equip- 
ment, ready so enjoy- H avoUile 


(+33)90 92 26 41 

m MV 




5 l 

« * 

huge v 
sftxfcj 1 

ji-.- W'. a 


botwwm tea and moontoin 

Character estwe dGQ sqjn. Eving sxxx 
on 4.400 sqnt yo u mfa with swmvnq 
pool, lauio. monzL FF7 M81ION. 
Tefe (33) 68 83 15 88 ta 68 83 26 62 


cocJorts. heated pool, tennj, jnvatn 
dub. Lnnngiurtocr; 415 sgjn., 
ortbukEnm; 300 sqm. FF320QJM). 
Ttk P) 53 IP 63 3/ fax /l) 53 0761 95 


From Feme to cades, amorb s eledi o n. 

Cdi Franco (Fretdi/6icfch) Tek 
(33) 63 58 36 92 Fax 63 5 8 37 32 

LANDS 27 Km From Bnmtr. fating, 
{wring, STOf't MASTER HOUSE. Ef 
ing, study, 3 beAoon s . equipped kit- 
chen, central gat herring, jgmage. 
odbixUngs, new «vdx>, bufasod 
5,000 sqm. grounds. FF670.000. 
CW teTrrfter May B 33-585774 06 



faifcg .. i u unul/^t near the 
Mtngbeodn c mO trim A wem 
Far more dekds wnte to 
Box 3568, LH.T., 92521 NwOy 

s 3568, UiT, 92521 Nealy 
Codex. Frooco or Fax: (33-1) 

46 37 93 70 or 46 37 52 li 





1) E M E U R E S & 

FOR SALE, all over France: more than 300 
chateaux, residences, vineyards, houses with 
character, estates on the French Riviera. 

For each advertisement: 

- a minimum of one color photo. 

- a detailed description in French and 

You will receive the last issue by air mail by 
sending your business card and check lor 
US$15 or £ 8 to: 


Of 45 hftfcra. private twach, fertaOt c 
mews, planned lor reiort development 
and etduuve residential villas. 
Cortocr. Ms. Bekfag or Mr. Game m 
Moscow, XusstoPhone: 095-209-944? 
foL 095-299-3759 or m Seattle. Wash.- 
Phorift 206889-6767. Fbo 2068284172 






Unique and roe appartunfy 
located in a unaa 'de luxe 
condom mum 


brge Svirg room, 3 bechooms. 3 baths 
Large done garage. Private garden 
giving direct access to the pooL 
bay acres to the beach. 
RrfV/A 1851 

19, EH <6i Gteriral Lederc 
06310 BEAUUEU-3U8-MB! 

Tel (33)93 01 04 llfax (33)030111 96 



Place y 00 *" Ad qvicUv and easily, contod your nearest 1HT office or represenkdive wife your ted. You will be in tu t meJ of fee cost immediately, and 
cnce payment is mode your ad will appear wifein 48 hours. AH major Credit Cards Accepted. 


MBS: (HQ)TJJ1)46 37 93 85. 

Fox: |IJ 4« 37 93 ,T). 
4N30KA: Tel: 28 264. 

Fee 28 264. 

Td: 06917267 55. 
fa |069|72 73 la 
U: 3411B 99. 343-1914 
Fx 34643353 

GREECE &CmUSi Afara 
TeL: 00)16535246. 

Foe 654 5513 


Tel: 31 42^257 
HMAM): HefarU. 

Id; 64 74 IZ 
Fee 612 1 1 1Z 

HALT: Miara. 

HL 58315738 
Foe 58320938. 

NFUC0AND5: ArotordcxJ!. 

TeL 31 20 6841080 
For. 31 206881374. 


Fate® 55 913072 


Td. 351-1-4S7-7293 
fee 351-1457-7351 

SPiRt M adrid. 

M; 3508789. 
fa 3509257. 


roc m\ 7283091. 

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IMIS) NNGDOM: lordcn. 

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Telex 762009. Fee 2402254. 


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bx (967-1) 274187. 

OMAN: Mxfart Ochoas. 

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<3 JOHN 

Th* CSHS of 0m fUBKH RMBtA 


5tuniwig WATBWONT Property 
willi private harboir ad boat House. 
450 sqra. haute in parted condhon. 

todaor pool Beautiful views over 
Bay de Vaefiandw. Rare apporlune-y. 
Price: 45 MAon Fronot. 

Cdh Monica Brew 93 38 00 66 
or fax 93 39 T3 65 


with its prrvnte tsjnj ovwfoolurig 
fae Bay of Wfcfronche 

ove docking the sea and the coas 
me wav to Wy. 


Owner seib recently bult 130 sqm. vftj 
m pra#inod st/le. surrounded by 12 ho 
quiet countrysde. Lrvmg ■ dning room 
wnh hgh beamed enfanm mi hrephxv. 

Fufc eqtip ed bl ue / whte hxhm. 

3^5 bedrooms, 7 baths, cerwof healrnq 
Large pool ten aces, {prage. 

FF 3^®. AvaiaWe for iniAugnt 
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Fax London 44 71 498 0173 
AtfertKjn Provy. 

TeL 33-9367 10 10 fax- 339367 32 72 


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5 u e d rom ra . an amcfaanein. 150 sqm. 
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Tat owner Pbrii 33-1-43 54 09 16 
fax ref. 3464, NT 33-1-46379370 


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meter ahtude n forea end maumavi 
surround ngs. remadernued house 
facing south- 130 sqm (50 sqm. to be 
fitaf with 16th century vaulted lounge 
law facta? TDfiOO xm okn ir^eu 
venard PoesibBy pool. FF2.950AU 
Tek owner. M. Digoy (33) 93 04 47 16 


- I G 


MONIE CARLO STAR, toeing the sea, 

!®r sale, superb 1 bedroom op ai t m er*. 
73 .s qm., loggia, storage room end 
{Wring spaas. 


TN 33-92 16 59 59 fax 3393 50 19 42 

Fl>j , , i gAri f r ■ i >' i T.» < i Ui i 

KK«j Aw ■« 50s 44 Boom 

andskySne views. 1500 d. Liwrm room 
42XTI . master Bedroom 19X1?. 2nd 
Beiaan 16x14. Cocpo ne mn/nwators 
wHajme. Suntxe seJW. Be fae first to 
see fao and afaer spead propertie: by 
the Exdusive broker. 

■ALSO - 

WCfltaa i OH 5fa IZOOCSqfi. 

t, mansion 

MANSK3N GEM. 37 WIDE I2/X» sqh. 
fabutoos recent renovation. Oond 
bolkooni. Woodburning firsplaco 
Aw rnw ** w nn^ 


21 2-691 -/093/Bb. 212J72-7587 


NYC-t 57lh/Sutton 9 Roam 

^ 3,000 Sq. R. 

bte fadtiMve. touecabie trodfand 
tt^ wrfa grcoQus toywA Large Custom 
MJ in dteTs kitchen Surrounded by 
Sphi + BJ)WDpe.S1.25(lM 
Otartes Buae8 012 ) 336-1003 


MTC."OaORNr Landmark ffidg. 

A *pv Carnegie 
Handsome 1 bedroom needs tender 

fciiS < IWa-terre. 
SJ49400: Manteiww JfiOr 

r» Col gia3l5O640. No brei-, 

OTY OIK -bedroom 
opomrert 74 hnwy door- 


send ft* to Ate Alqv, 217-7D65534 


Specious 7 or i«wn o p ui t mert s 
to r« fcr 3 days or more. 

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fax 133-11 41 25 1615 

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Page 5 

In Attack by Danish Tanks, 6 the Mouse Ate the Cat’ 

&y John Pomfret 


^a^tm^;jj!! 2es0vina - When 
Nation* "*"* United 

week,uwas an „ n ^i p ? st near Tuzla last 
ly two years 0 r U?iSS ble 1,1 near ‘ 

cornu i£ s comtX^ raUonsjn «»* 

a? «d toS shcBed ' 

someinrw* .JaT-jT:. UIN ^fibers — even 

view his troops' riposte as. in the end, a 

By finally shooting back, the colonel and 
his troops destroyed bridges of confidence 
and trust that they had painstaking ly built to 
the Serbian side. The Danes had built a 6.5- 
kilometer (4- mile) road for Serbian children 

greb, Croatia — directed by a .special envoy. 
Yasushi Akashi of Japan — has rejected at 

least four of the battalion's requests for cannons. 

village. Then, the Danes said, the Serbs 
stepped up the attack, firing 40mm anti-tank 

North Atlantic Treaty Organization planes 
to fly dose air support for UN troops. 

But on Friday, the UN response came not 
from Zagreb or New York, it came from the 
Danish soldiers in their Leopard tanks, the 

sriped and humiliated l jn S dy shetied * *?„"* “ 10 from nearby Danish soldiers in their Leopard tanks, the 

SQn3e tones robbi&e thrm af “ even , of Pelema, so they would remain safe most advanced weapons system of the mea- 

weapons and unifomi al ^P 0101 of their from Muslim shelling. They had arranged mt UN arsenal in Bosnia.' 

But last FridavnSS'.^c . . shipment s of dicsd Tud to Serbian road Shortly after ll.P.M.. Serbian gunners 

dicited a Un «« and seeds to Serbian farmers, around Mount Vis. to Tuzla’s south, opened 

usual verbal Dm^A ^ d . ,ary r i han BuL C ? ,Gn ? ^ ^en the belli- up on a UN observation post called Tango 2. 
Lieutenant Colonel r T~k/ ,7“^ ofriCCT - “* P s y cbe of region, its deadly posiur- since October, according to UN figures, the 

while- i . "toiler. Ordered his _ 5terbs had shelled the Dost 28 limes with 96 

vhiie-Daini^ r ™ TT moucr - ord ™ “s 
,0 ^ “ a ‘ 

1 th ? Danish Anuy had fought its 

Unlierf v, G „ dDe ^ MoUer had shown that the 

the face of 1 ?°^ Decd no1 retreat in 

fkff ^t military challenges by 

■^.C otoKl MoUCT^d his tour in the Balkans 

QMtan^i him that ‘V you are scared down 
^it wo^ 8 lo 861 kicked — that s the 

aJ 1 'l^S W8r ’ he said; ^des 

SfcS 1 ! 61 ^ macho buDL y o u haw to 

adjust your behavior accordingly." 

The Danes' desirucuon of a Serbian anil- 
rnu P 0811 } 011 underscored the dilemma of 
S 4 P^^hig- UN soldiers and foreign- 
“press frustration 
with the UN forces’ passivity in the face of 
provocations. But the Danes' momentary 
aSSressveness was similar to that adopted as 
poncy and abandoned in frustration — by 
the peacekeeping mission in So malia last 

Colonel Moiler, for example, does not 

r K you are scared 
down here, you’re 
going to get 
kicked — that’s the 
way it works.’ 

up Ml a UN observation post called Tango 2. 
Since October, according to UN figures, the 
Serbs had shelled the post 28 times with 96 

By then the Serbs had been firing for 30 
minutes, the Danes said. When the troops in 
Sarari reported that more anti-tank rockets 
were on their way. the three tanks in Safari 
fired four warning shots. When the Serbs 
continued the attack, the Danes fired in 

Tbe first round silenced an anti-tank gun; 
the second destroyed the past of a forward 
artillery observer', and tbe third plowed 
through a Serbian bunker, die Danes said. 

“Things were getting out of hand,** Colo- 

shells. As they always do, the Leopards re- oel Moiler said. He and Major Carsten Ras- 


mussen, the tank unit commander, agreed to 

Colonel Moiler and his men sped east l 50 ^ ^d ensure that Serbian shetl- 

&om Tuzla in seven tanks and two armored of Tango 2 had ceased. After 30 minutes 

personnel carriers. At the vi llage of Saraci. in ^ 9 lde; tbe . ^ I ? rwa £ d began moving 
view of the Serbian gunners, the Danes 0 "Ut the Serbs began attacking 

stopped and — tn accord with UN rules of tbcm gain- 

ing and its adolescent tests of strength, he 
cannot regret having given the order to fire. 

engagement — illuminated their white vehi- 
cles with searchlights to lei the Serbs know 
they were there. 

The lights drew shellfire. One shell landed 
9 meters (30 feet) from Colonel Moller's 

“The UN should not bow its head to any vehicle, he said. Others blew shrapnel over 
of these people, he said. “Once you do that, the tanks. 

you lose your dignity and, even worse, the “At that point we turned the lights off.” 

other guy will keep wafting over you. In the Colonel Moiler said. “Goooood thinking, as 

Kollrartc VAllSia 4 n lHAfwl (nil H » IV ■ « ™ 

Balkans, you’ve gotta stand tall.” 

Standing tall has been difficult for the 

the Brits say." 

With that. Colonel Moller's operation be- 

Nordic Battalion — — a UN uiut comprising gan in earnest. The Danes had practiced the 
1.753 Swedes. Danes, Norwegians and routine. Four of the Danish tanks and an 

Dutch — that is based around the Muslim- armored personnel carrier sped to another 
heM region of Tuzla. In the last two months, village. Kalesija. which was closer to Tango 
Serbian gunfire has destroyed four of the 2. 

battalion's armored personnel carriers. 

Although the Serbian attacks have grown 
intense, the UN political command in Za- 

The Danes moved two tanks up the hill 
toward the beleaguered observation post, 
and placed two others behind bouses in the 

The officers ordered the tanks fire again, 
continuously, for 15 minutes. 

One round plowed into a Serb ammuni- 
tion dump, igniting a huge, concussive blast 
The Bosnian Serbs said afterward that nine 
soldiers died in the exchange. 

Colonel Moiler said the Danes spared 
three Serbian T-55 tank* because, although 
the Leopards’ infrared detectors found the 
Sobs* aiming systems turned on. they also 
determined that the enemy tanks' barrels 
were cold. Under the restrictive UN rules of 
engagement, only guns actually caught in act 
of firing may be hit. 

Colonel Moiler said the ordeal was meant 
to be a trap for the Danes. 

“It was an ambush." he said. “Tango 2 was 
tbe cheese, and we were the mouse. Only it 
turned out that the mouse ate the cai." 

Bosnian Muslims Furious Over Deal 

Struck by Top UN Envoy and Serbs 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia- Herzegovi- 
na — Bosnian leaders demanded 
the resignation of the senior United 
Nations official in the former Yu- 
goslavia on Thursday after he 

agreed u> permit the Serbs to rede- 
ploy taidts around Sarajevo. 

Although the deal was later can- 
celed, the uproar threatened efforts 
by interaational-envpys-to restart 
peace talks, and it further under- 
mined UN credibility in Bosnia. 

Government officials demanded 
the resignation of Yasushi Akashi, 
who is Secretary-General Butros 
Butros Gfaafi’s representative in. the 
former Yugoslavia. ■ _ ' 

A UN spokesman. Commander 
Eric Chaperon, said Wednesday in 
Sarajevo that there bad been, a 
“verbal agreement" authorizing 
some Serbian to crocs the. 
exclusion zone under UN escort. 

Bosnia’s collective presidency is- 
sued a statement Thursday saying 
that it was “shocked by the infor- 

owed him of “practically taking 
part in the aggression on Bosnia- 

Local UN sources gave conflict- 
ing versions of why Mr. Akashi 
made the deal and what it it in- 

. “la the future, the gbverinnent 
cannot and will not cooperate with 
Akashi," the statement said. Jt ac- 

io New York, a UN spokesman, 
Joe Sills, said Mr. Akashi agreed in 
talks with Bosnian Serbian leaders 
to allow some tanks to move 
through tbe zone “under UN su- 

The deal apparently involved a 
Serbian agreement to free 160 Brit- 
ish UN troops held since Sunday 
by Serbian soldiers outside the 
Muslim enclave of Gorazde, where 
. the Britons were supposed to join 
500 peacekeepers monitoring a 
truce. The British troops were al- 
lowed into Gorazde, a UN “safe 
area," on Thursday. 

A UN spokesman in Zagreb, the 
Croatian capital, said the deal with 
the Serbs was canceled because the 
Serbs tried to slip two tanks 
through the exclusion zone on 
Wednesday without notifying tbe 
UN Protection Force. 

The tank affair was the latest in a 
series of embarrassments for UN 
peacekeeping forces caused by 
what critics say is a tendency to do 
everything possible to avoid of- 
fending the Serbs so that the over- 
all h umanitarian aid miss ion is not 

The Muslim-led government’s 
anger threatened what little re- 
mained of UN credibility in Bos- 
nia. Serbs have already accused the 
world body and the North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization of siding with 
the Muslims after two NATO air 
strikes on Serbian positions near 
Gorazde last month. 

(AP, Reuters) 

Yemen Appears Near 
Full-Scale Civil War 

■ UN Moves to Avert Battle 

The United States, backed by 
France and Britain, is preparing a 
two-step plan — including the 
threat erf NATO air strikes — to 
head off a major battle between 
Serbs and Muslims that appears to 
be sha ping up around a narrow but 
strategically vital land corridor 
near the northern Bosnian town of 
Brcko, The New York Times re- 
ported from the United Nations. 

Compiled by Our Staff Front Dispatches 

SAN ‘A, Yemen — Yemen 
appeared Thursday to have 
plunged into full-scale civil war, 
with troops from the north and 
south battling across the coun- 
try and air force jets pounding 
the capitals of the rival regions. 

Residents said southern war- 
planes attacked the internation- 
al airport and the presidential 
palace in San'a. which became 
the capital of Yemen after the 
north merged with the south 
four years ago. 

The southern military com- 
mand and diplomats ia San'a 
said northern warplanes 
bombed the airport and other 
districts in Aden, the capital of 
the former South Yemen. The 
southern command said two 
jets were shot down, but gave 
no details. 

Artillery fire and infantry 
fighting were reported in both 
cities and several other areas. A 
tank battle reportedly raged in 

Damar. about 100 kilometers 
(60 miles) south of San'a. 

Diplomats said the countiy 
appeared heading toward re- 
newed division. 

South Yeruea, which is 
Marxist, and conservative 
North Yemen merged in May 
1990, forming the Arabian Pen- 
insula's first democratic repub- 
lic. Bui differences over power- 
sharing prevented integration 
of the armed forces and led to 
an escalating struggle between 
President Ali Abdullah Saleh, a 
northerner, and Vice President 
Ali Salem Baid. a southerner. 

The northern-based, govern- 
ment-run San’a Radio declared 
a one-month state of emergen- 
cy. It ordered all Yemeni cili- 

Rebel Attacks Batter Rwanda Capital 

zens to keep off intercity roads. 
A British Embassy official in 

KIGALI, Rwanda — Artillery 
fire. mort3r bombs and rockets bat- 
tered Rwanda's capital Thursday 
as a rebel offense, e appeared to 
unleash the worst fighting in a 
month of wax and tribal slaughter. 

Attacks by tbe rebel Rwanda Pa- 
triotic Front involved bombard- 
ments of the capital's center and 
sireet-to-sireet fighting. United 
Nasons officers and other witness- 
es j*id. 

Six rebel Katyusha rockets 
struck the government-held com- 
mercial center, sending hundreds 

Aid workers estimate that more 
than 200.000 people have died, 
many hacked to death, in massa- 
cres of the minority Tutsi tribe and' 
opposition members by the major- 
ity Hutu, who dominate tbe aimed 

A British Embassy official in 
San’a said Western embassies 
were considering whether to 
evacuate their nationals and 
had told them to stay indoors 
and stock food. (AP. AFP) 

of people fleeing for their lives at 
an open-air market, witnesses said. 

an open-air market, witnesses said. 

The rebel thrust to Kigali from 
the north is the latest development 
in the civil war that erupted after 

in the civil war that erupted after 
the killing of President Juvenal Ha- 
byarimana in a rocker attack on his 
plane on April 6. 

In a speech broadcast on Rwan- 
dan radio. Prime Minister Jean 
Kambanda. who heads a self-de- 
clared Hutu government, said ev- 
ery Rwandan, even farmers, should 
be armed. He urged hundreds of 
thousands who have fled to return 
to join tbe battles. 

The government controls barely 
a third of the tiny central African 
stale hit by the worst atrocities in 
generations. The radio said Mr. 
Kambanda made the speech 
Wednesday in the town of Kibuye. 

Abdul Kabia, executive head of 
the UN Assistance Mission in 


Nord-Pas de Calais Region 
no longer cut off 

The Channel Tunnel now settles it, once and for alL 
There will soon be more than a hundred million 
Europeans within three hours of Lille, the capital of 
France’s Nord-Pas de Calais Region. This places the 
region at the very heart of norrh-west Europe. 

Tbe realisation of one of the "homo Europeanus" 
oldest and wildest dreams now puts the Nord-Pas de 
Calais region in a strategic geographic position with 
huge potential. The region's attractions, however, are 
not just financial. Come here and stroll along 120 
kilometers of fine sandy beaches, head for our femous 
Monts des Flandres hills, or why not take in the 
carnival at Dunkirk ? 

Come one, come ail, for business or pleasure. Who 
dares wins! 

To find out more, call 0800.96.2740 (toll free 
number from U.K. only) without delay, 
or write to our information centre: 

Centre d'Accueil et dlnfonnation 
9, place du Palais Rihonr - BJ*. 2035 
59014 T. n cedex - France. 

Discover the true face of a surprising region 1 


R£gion Nord-Pas de Calais 

ill mat 

hat we, 

nd la? 
fum." c 
ices, a 


• of tb* 


they t, 
s such 

have si 
si as \: 
is far a; 
xl by ti 
: Mfem 

cnild dq 

n the P! 

nany crti 




MjJI lircvu. Roller. 

Rwandans collecting water at a lake near their refugee camp In Tanzania, near the Rwanda border. 

and Jen 
rs now 
offices i 
. venting 

Rwanda, said heavy fighting with 
small arms, mortars and artillery 
across Kigali raged overnight and 
into Thursday. 

“They are Ihe heaviest battles 
since this all started and the first 
time both sides have battled 
throughout the night." said Mr. 
Kabia. He said casualty figures 
were impossible lo obtain. 

In the Ethiopian capital. Addis 
Ababa, a U.S. delegation discussed 
with the Organization of African 
Unity on Thursday ways of stop- 
ping the massacres and securing a 

Led by John Shatluck. assistant 
secretary of state for humanitarian 
affairs, ihe team met the organiza- 
tion’s stpetaiy-generaL Salim Ah- 
med Salim, who is campaigning for 
an international force to stop the 

for 20 o 
<ut, slum 
st go aw; 
Mr. An 
da’s inai 
aides. M 
fat's pax 
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was “m 
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Inch Nail 
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Page 6 

U.S. Envoy 
Gets Protest 
By Beijing 
Over Taipei 

The AssocuutJ press 
■ BEIJING — The Foreign Minis- 
try summoned the United States 
ambassador. Stapleton Roy. on 
Thursday to protest recent Ameri- 
can legislation that removed caps 
On arms sales to Taiwan, created 
Radio Free Asia and called for 
closer ties with the people of Tibet. 

The deputy minister of foreign 
affairs, Tian Zengpd. told Mr. Roy 
the legislation, passed by Congress 
last week, “seriously undermines 
the baas of Sino-U.S. relations," 
the Xinhua press agency said. 

“We demand that the U.S- gov- 
ernment reverse its wrong position 
and erroneous decision," hie said 

In the Foreign Relations Appro- 
priations Act, passed April 28. 
Congress ended a 12-year commit- 
mem to reduce arms sales to Tai- 
wan, which China regards as a ren- 
egade province. 

The act also provided for a U.S. 
Infonmtion Agency office in Tibet 
and closer cultural contacts with 
Tibetans, and called on the Slate 
Department to list the Himala yan 
region as a separate state. 

“It is indeed shocking to see such 
contempt for the basic norms gov- 
erning the international relations, 
such open infringement of China's 
sovereignty and attempt to split 
China," Mr. Tian said 

The Chinese outburst conies 
ahead of a U.S. decision next 
month over whether to strip China 
of low-tariff privileges because of 
its human-rights record President 
Bill Clinton must decide by early 

The legislation also created Ra- 
dio Free Asia, modeled after Radio 
Free Europe and Radio Liberty, to 
broadcast U.S. programs to China. 
Tibet, North Korea and Indochina. 

Earlier, a Foreign Ministry 
spokesman, Wu Jianmin. said Chi- 
na would not permit the United 
Stales to establish an information 
office in Tibet. He accused the 
United Stales of trying to “brazen- 
ly undermine" China's sovereignty. 

South African Crash Kills 12 

The Associated Press 

schoolchildreo and Lheir driver 
were killed Thursday when their 
school minibus collided with a pub- 
lic bus. The crash occurred when 
the minibus tried to pass other ve- 
hicles on a highway from Johannes- 
burg to the blade township of 
Soweto, witnesses said. Only two 
children on the minibus survived. 


fey - 

The l^Sl 

By Michael Richardson " ingjon’s pvidbit readmess toTeson ‘aiF alone in the Pacific. M*- ^ 
.v e* York Times Service . > - to unilateral tiade penalties threat- said.’ . crAX i , are speak* 

SINGAPORE — Southeast cos to alieaare many r aJOTOies.«.'; . 

SINGAPORE — Southeast. 
Asian nations are- developing pod- ' 
ties to reduce dependence on the 
United Soles security umbrella: ' . 

Although many governments in 
rite region oOTtmiww ^ st^portihe 
United States- military presence, 
members of ASEAN, ;the AsSotia-' . 
lion of Southeast Asian Nations, 1 
are increasingly, committed id a- 
strategy of greater regional self-re- 
liance. . -• 

This is being achieved asindivid- 
ual ASEAN countries use their- 
■ growing economic strength tdmbd- - 
ernizetheir armed forces. • V.!- . • ‘ 

51 coa IO fiUSMMS UfiUiJ — - . t 

minis ter who will t^ 1 ; 
tin Washington on :rn- 

flueace -and": is. accdficatiag -lher ' order without the' ^Uniwo 
motfErisent'tofi^ Mihathir Wohamaitlw ^ 

“RnSdcnt CEruraJ epp&is to..;Mr*Cfiht*» ^Washington . 
prefer a warlike' poshra^ Mc^ did not see anerft^ 

nammaH fedir , : -d £oflner:Ia&mc- > juL- Ajcrancan military presen 
■iii’ii ■ i'i 'protect the region. - .,c 

. newsa tOlysi s ^ ^* 3“^ 52 £ V ■ 

aan cabinet minister.Heseansto ^ jjg said. “So- much mone;.' : 

fed the heed to' win this war-aod 

•’V-l- H e dismissed fears that ' 

- .SadJrMutK^.that “^ ■ 'di^United. States' jilting a **•' 

‘ahdna'xole, Japan and C n ti '-- 1 

.sr. ;-tbe; Clmtorr ^dmmisiratKjn ; wouk f™ reoonal domiDan*:- 

“risks East'AaaganKmgap aMinsi would b. /- 

- At the same time, ASEAN has “risks EastAaagangmg apagimsi .tu aai^riieY would b. : - 

. taken the imtiative toprontour wid- . .it nt a response to the fcariSke t!£*« 2 drotber because there w • 

i item. 

p.imanf.'i ministerial-level metUBa- - .-Lee Kuan ' YeW~. -v n>- 

'-S4 .*iW 

«*> • r .:vfc- er -^-P^e^peratmn^/. or- stance^ :/' - ' 'V *£ between them. 

ganminga immstenal-leyd meeufig Hont-Singaporc's 

C. ^ o? 58 nat?onsin BfflgJctflcmJWyto. rHQr .nHniSteis .rssued.a. anfflar- mintervis-'- 

/TV" »&: - discuss security, regtoaal jrroWems. -warping.*® artesat vi^to SSrvfcnse Weekly earh.r 
• The. ASEAN .Region* .Font*-. ha.- He^d.lto:if 

will include the United States as- wfLhdrew. most-favO red-nati 6 ii • wav to'^eve and p^'- 

b .«\S - well as countries it fethreawning to trafing suttus from. ;quna l ! d«cr i : stability is to deve!- 

. penalize .over human ri^its, trade- month , bwausd of hindatligts -gd axSerstandihg among cou> 
• v . and labor issues, like China, Japan objections, it would cut Ghaiars ahinterest in the rwior. 

Pn T and Indonesia. . - . . - growth bjrabdnt^O rixenirevieW of-riie region 

a owelhng m Tbe CUhton administration has iug ii^or ;.econOTn5:. and .security . . ^ Australiaiir government, wtai 


Mtfn Mu»a<A(ciiec Ftan IVcw 

PUTTING BANGLADESH BACK TOGETHER — Men and boys working together to rehnfld a cydotHMiamaged dweffing in 
Tekinaf, a small southeastern coastal town, after a storm raged through the region, killing at feast 139 and injuring several thousand. 

CHINA; Dizziness of Economic Climb Blurs Reality 

Continued from Page I 
and leading ii a short distance and 

number of state factories to pile up 
losses or shut down. 

Wuhan Steel’s customers, many 

hoping it will gallop," said Wuhan ^ ±an otber slaie industries, are 
Steel s president, Liu Benren. 3575 millio n behind on payments 
China's economic reforms are on for goods delivered, forcing Wuhan 
trial here, and so is the idea that mtoa cash flow crisis that will 
free enterprise has triumphed over have to be addressed soon or the 
the economic legacy of Marxism, plant's rust-quarter profits will ex- 
The engines of national growth are only on paper- 
still revving up after two straight Management has delayed crucial 
years of 13 percent expansion, but investments in new equipment and 
the dizziness of China’s economic has run up $345 milli on m debts to 
climb at times blurs the predomi- suppliers, Mr. Liu of Wuhan 






nant economic reality here. Steel said in an interview. • 

The country's aged and debt-rid- “Our biggest problem," he^said. h ' • 

den slate-owned industries still "is funds and the debt chain. syt 

dominate the ecouomv with their This cycle of debt is tbe greatest . , , . - - , 

109 million workers and 20 million reminder that China's 1 1,000 large “J 2£?“ Sh,p <S re,uctanl ev<sa 
nensioneis Each vear dwy contrib- stale industries are not healthy and to^smer. 

that as many as two-thirds of them “The magnitude of simulated 

econoi^output whfle accounting are surviving on central bank loans 

for most goverament spending and to finance operations and payroll, die banking system. would have to 
^ e When the loans are cut l^k. as declare itself bankrupt if it recog- 


W «»o 


MOWS / . 

r ^: m TPBWj# . 


109 million workers and 20 milli on reminder that China's 1 1,000 large 
pensioners. Each year they contrib- state industries are noi healthy and 
ute progressively' less to national that as many as two-thirds of them 
economic output while accounting sre surviving on central bank loans 

adding to inflation. When the loans are cut back, as 

. ‘ they have been this spring, Qte debt mzed the losses, a Worid Bank 

Fifteen years after reforms were r ha ; n «. |j nlf ^ f acl ory to the next of naal s^d in a recent interview. 

begun by Deng Xiaoping, the coun- 
try’s paramount leader, China's 
landscape of unprofitable smoke- 

in a game of payment deferral. 

A State Statistical Bureau report 
on state industries grimly condud- 

stack industries is still trying to ^ ^t should die, do not 
shed its socialist burden and find a ^ ^ that ^ cannot Uve 
path to a market economy. Reform. ^ » 

particularly, is on trial this spring. -ri e mnunlain of defa , ^ China's 

Lisbon Frees 1,500 Convids 


LISBON — The Portuguese leg- 
islature approved pardons for 
about 1,590 petty c riminals on 

particularly, is on iriai tms spring. The mountain of debt in China's about 1.590 petty criminals on 

as. nsrng inflation has sapped the slflte banking system and state en- Thursday in an amnesty intended 
gains of China s restive labor force. lCT p I i ses a ^ huge that after 15 to ease jail overcrowding. Prisoners 
The government's antidote to in- years of reforms, no apparent solo- convicted of tax fraud and drunken 
fladon, a credit squeeze by the cen- tion exists beyond a broad privati- driving were excluded from the re- 

tral bank, is fracing a growing zation program, which tbe Com*, lease. 



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make a", contribution :to raainta n- 

^^peiaand sfittEty. 

i Ncmetbriess, making pub-ic 
thereview, Robert Ray, the Aus ir :■ - 
: Ran defense, mmistex, said that “ir- 
•ft easjri& y-: over' oranihg years re- 
eidoaf .' countries, ; including 

SI • <. » r ir ’ 

Official's Denial of Wartime Atrocity Sets Rjaror : 

Compiled by (te srqfir' From Dispatches ■ ‘ 1 Mr. Nagaho’s comments, “wpuldtr^ idi yoii^ ’ i 

BEIJING — r Chum reacted with anger Thursday people of Japan jhio ihinkrag there was oo war: v ^ seartijv in the iraon/' 
to the daim .by the newly appointed Japanese time aggrcssioii," said.BaQ g ianghai- basied. ASEAN amntr^Tiold rq,ulai 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches - 

BEIJING — r Chum reacted with anger Thursday 
to the daim .by the newly appointed Japanese 
justice minis ter that the 1937 massacre of .tens of . 
thousands of Chinese by Japanese troops in Nan- 
king had never occurred. 

“A Japanese cabinet member went so far as to 
publicly distort history, deny historical facts and 
defend the Japanese militarists’ aggression J’-a Chi- 
nese Foreign Ministry spokesman said in a state- 
ment printed on the front pages of national news- 

“We are shocked by and indignant.” said the 
spokesman. Wn Jianmin. 

He later said that China had protested to Japan 
abou L the issue and had “demanded thar the Japa- 
nese government treat this matter with all serious^ 

China, be said,' took note of Prime Minister 

~ ' ■ ■ : ' ^ bilatoralmflitary cxerases. Ausua- 

There woe ab<r strong remans iTOmTaiya^-: / i^iTalsb imria^ng^olved in 
Sou^ Korea and VIetnam, ; t»ro)ml Bflhffly coopcriaidn; 

gano> comment that. Japan s attiai On Quaa:imA, ; . ; . raid AuMia :wahted 

by implication ate# AamKn^qnswas not : an ; - ; • «^felhirflus coHaboration to in- 

asresstve YdScS^-lraii^^ defense sci- 

The. ; R^ie ©f Natoring - .is one ci.-^jnostr: .. fcoce- tojd Iijdufftty cocperation, and 
mfam«wepisodes;in W^’histo^ Jn^e ; s^ r , procurei&Srof miUtary 

weeks afto.Japa^s^m*^ :: 

Chinese city on Dec. 13, 1937. they Idfled more ^ • 
than 155,000 p«mte f 'accdrdingtoihel948Tokyo-." . r 1 . r~ 

war crimes 

,000 people, 'according to the -1 948 .Tokyo - . 1 v . .. ... : 1 ■ 

les tribunaL- r " , -l" ■/ /•./' i.L ■&£.'*** nd'r-j: 

;Mr. Hata, in ^ fra' rating? vtitb"? rqnrfi > : R«j»r^%Dnink. 
leaders, issued a sitort- statetnent A;' . ' 

In Tokyo, the Kyodo news agency reported, indudine aggression and colonial rule; caosedugA.. •/ higti few-i-rif nT^Rnt-in hi< 
Thursday that Mr. Nagano would make a public . bearable suffering and. sqnawira niai^.p<top5fit''/ : ^ Hnnd ihrft he 'aul^eded japan’s 
apology on Friday. j “With r^ard to the remaiks 'by the tmn&ter ' stohd4rd fra ; ’(huu^&t/drivmg, a i 

Mr. Nagano’s denial of the . massacre by the . - justice, ( would, hke - to -rak him' what.he-EeaBy - . raWs reDOri said Thursday. .*• 

with. a campaign de manding - compensation 
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^* ere ? No Joy in Jericho,’ Radicals 
s a Sense of Isolation Grows VowtoFoil 



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% Youssef M. Ibrahim 

JERICHO -ScZ ^P ma S'" 1 ** 

chairman, is supposed to move and live when the self- 
rale accord is fully carried out, the town's empty 
streets reflect the gloomy view. Significantly, there is 
an abundance of slogans tike “Yes lo Elections, No to 
Appointments,” aimed at the PLO’s external 

New roadblocks manned 

PI J) Deal 
With Israel 

cks manned by Israeli soldiers begin to 
surface about a mile before the city, a 20-minuie drive 

entering town Pwpie are banned from 

j*3 LS 5 ii?SS? *» y°* « 

the world.** y 801 te dcpendencc today — from 

O^MtionoiuctaJs since the traumatic incTdaTt 
were Deh*3i sevcr »I of the PLO's representatives 
came, nto trwmi "%"*& Palestinian Youths as they 
authority. l0WD m J^PS to discuss a transfer of 

te 1 “*.’**«* aid 

traSmS 3 hS° J 01 ?® 1 about how power would be 
£?£ened from the Israeli Army to the PLO in 

st^SS’ef lhC 03110 agreement agned Wednesday 

br ? di governor. They were bit 
jRftp becaux they were riding with you,* ” 

Er&nkty, so far, aQ I see from this self-rule acree- 
mem is bad news for Jericho," Mr. Sdr added, shifting 
from sart^m to an evaluation of the situation as he sat 
on tns vffla’s terrace here, surrounded by a dozen 
leading figures in Jericho who overwhelmingly shared 
his negative views of the PLO and Israel. 

Everybody in town feds the same way," he said. 

. Nobody is ta lking to us. Israelis are li phiwmi n die 
isolation of the town, and the PLO is not answering 
the phone or making any calls. That is why there is no 
joy m Jericho.” 

Here in Jericho, where Yasser Arafat, the PLO 

from Jerusalem. Usually, the roadblocks are a negotia- 
ble matter. But for much of Thursday morning, the 
standing order, according to Israeli Army staff, was 
dial only Jericho residents were allowed in or out. 

By early afternoon, however, the ban on tourists 
seemed to have come down. In the town, stores were 
mostly shuttered, restaurants were empty, and streets 

The sense of isolation deepened further Thursday 
afternoon as Jericho residents heard by radio a Jorda- 
nian warning that it viewed the accord signed Wednes- 
day as a “private PaJestiman-Israeli matier that does 
not concern Jordan," 

pie Jordanian political commentary on radio, 
which tends to reflect the views of the Jordanian 
government, noted that the “deal" was a bad one that 
would “further isolate” Palestinians under Israeli 

Uncertainty surrounds every other aspect of what, 
otherwise, was supposed to be the beginning of a 
process that may lead to an independent Palestinian 

Much of it is fueled by wbat is widely viewed as the 
shabby negotiating style and behavior of the PLO 
leadership, including a well-established pattern of 
ignoring Palestinians who have suffered through 27 
years of Israeli occupation in favor of exiles coming in 
from Tunis to take power and conduct all the tallrs 
with Israel. 

“Abu Ammar's credibility now lies in the economic 
performance of his team." said Khalil Abu Assal, a 
middle-aged Palestinian busin essman, using the Pales- 
tinian nom de guerre for Mr. Arafat. “He has faded 
the test on popularity, security, trust, el cetera. But if 
he can make things better for us economically, it will 
be OJC. for him. If he cannot, or does not. you are 
locking here and in Gaza at ihe shifting sands that will 
swallow the PLO." 

MIDEAST: Self-Rule Begins Amid Collapsing Trust 

Cootmaed from Page 1 

convinced than ever that Israel is a 
.powerful, cnfaiiattyig and untrust- 
worthy negotiating partner, fret- 
ting endlessly about safety fears 
when everyone here takes for grant- 
ed that “security" is Israel's code 
word to justify holding onto the 
occupied territories in perpetuity. 

Accepted wisdom across this dis- 
mal coastal strip is that if thcGaza- 
Jericho deal ultimately, fads, it will 
be because Israel wanted it that 
way. That opinion was echoed on 

spread celebrations and confident 
statements about all being right 
with the world the moment the new 
police force starts marching in 
from Egypt and Jordan, possibly in 
several days. 

But on more substantive matters, 
it is far too early even to speculate 
how well the arrangements for 
Gaza and Jericho will work. 

Questions are stacked up like 

Will pledged foreign aid far the 
newly autonomous Palestinian to- 


ways has the power to obstruct and 
- destroy evaything and it is the one 
that can define the future of the 

' Before gloom is allowed to set in 
too thickly, it must be noted that 
Palestinian self-rule, has affidaHy 
just began, and that aiew successes 
in the nan: few weeks could quickly 
turn around tte prevailing somber 
mood. Both i^fc^ Jteradci and 
Palestinians, caabc mercurial. 

On the Patestdnan ode,, for in-; 
stance, it is easy:» predict wkte 

Fashion? Will Palestinians quickly 
see a change in their lives, especial- 
ly a reduction in unemployment 
that in Gaza hovers around 50 per- 
cent? W31 factional violence be 
contained? Will some form of de- 
mocracy take hold, as Mr. Arafat 
promises? Will the chairman, who 
prefers to be called president, be 
constitutionally capable of forsak- 
ing the glamour of globetrotting for 
the prosaic chore of supervising 
schools, heahh dinks and garbage 
jCoJkctibn? v . 

And will physical attacks by Pal- 
■-cninteis against Israelis subside? 

In the end, all questions on the 

Israeli side get reduced to that sin- 
gle formulation. If many Palestin- 
ians believe that Israelis overstate 
their security worries, even more 
Israelis 8CCUSS Palestinians of in- 
sensitivity to the powerful emo- 
tions churned by this basic con- 

Although everything may turn 
out fine, it was striking how rela- 
tively few people were willing to 
say so on Thursday, the first full 
day of official Pales tinian self-rule. 

That may be partly because little 
actually changed on Gaza's mean 
streets. Israel] soldiers did not 
move out; uniformed Palestinian 
police officers did not move in, 
and, after Mr. Arafat’s request for a 
delay to insure an orderly transi- 
tion, it is dear that the long-await- 
ed Israeli withdrawal win take a 
few extra weeks to be completed. 

Tor the average person, the oc- 
cupation is stOl here," said Rashid 
Abu Shbak, at present the senior 
i*LO figure in Gaza. As for how 
well the PLO will be received once 
it takes ova, Mr. Shbak said: Tt all 
depends cm how well we treat the 
people. People understand that we 
can’t do everything right away.” 


DAMASCUS — Two radical 
Palestinian leaders said Thursday 
that their fighters would step up 
attacks against Israel but would 
initially exclude areas under Pales- 
tinian self-rule. 

George Habash. leader of the 
Marxist Popular Front for the Lib- 
eration of Palestine, and Nayef 
Hawanneh, leader of the Demo- 
cratic Front for the Liberation of 
Palestine, said they would step up 
efforts to foil the PLO-Israeli deal. 

Mr. Hawatmeh demanded that 
the PLO leader, Yasser Arafat, re- 

Speaking at a news conference, 
Mr. Habash said documents of the 
agreement show that Israel would 
have full land, sea and air control 
of the entire occupied territories. 

The Israelis mil be able to in- 
terfere militarily in the self-rule ar- 
eas when they find that necessary," 
Mr. Habash said. “The Palestinian 
police would be used to stop the 

Mr. Habash described the agree- 
ment as a total surrender to Israel 
and said the central leadership of 
both groups would insist on a com- 
prehensive settlement of the Arab- 
lsraeti conflict and reject separate 
and partial deals. 

“We will escalate our nrihiaiy 
attacks against Israel," he said. 
“We will do our best to maintain 
and escalate the popular uprising 
against the Israeli occupation. 

“We will certainly continue at- 
tacks against the Zionists in all ar- 
eas which are close to the self-rule 
areas in Gaza and Jericho, especial- 
ly the settlements and the military 
gathering points. We will avoid any 
contact or clash with the Palestin- 
ian police and will not cany any 
operations in these areas." 

■ “But if we are attacked by the 
Palestinian police," he added, 
“then we will re-evaluate the situa- 
tion and will no doubt defend our- 

His group is the second largest 
faction grouped under the PLO 
umbrella after Mr. Arafat's Fatah 

Mr. Hawatmeh called for the 
formation of a new Palestinian par- 
Ham f.nt-in-erile that would elect a 
new leadership. 

He said the Gaza-Jericho deal 
did not meet the minimum de- 
mands of the Pales tinian people. 
He called for an in temationally su- 
pervised referendum. 

“Any agreements dealing with 
the life and destiny of the Palestin- 
ian people should be presented to 
all Palestinian people inside and 
outride the occupied territories in a 
referendum to snow their Teal opin- 
ion,” Mr. Hawatmeh said. “Any 
agreement which is not approved 
by the people is illegitimate." 



RmE^ 4 TEM^ 4 RKEimGE 

■ and . 



on Page 4 


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Saarland Premier: 
Survivor Above All 

International Herald Tnhuae 

Oskar Lafontaine stirs strong emo- 
tions among German voters. His 
admirers think him brilliant; his 
enemies consider him brusque, 
overly flamboyant, and Napoleon- 

What no one doubts is that he is 
a survivor. Since 1977, Mr. Lafon- 
taine, now 50, has been premier of 
Saarland, a depressed former steel- 
and’CoaJ region that is wedged be- 
tween the French province of Lor- 
raine and the Duchy of 

He was born in SaarbrOcken, the 
son of a baker who died on the final 
day of World War 11, and he mar- 
shalled a considerable intellect first 
to study math and physics, and 
then to go into politics. 

With his trademark purple shin 

3\£DB ■ H 

“We have changed," Mr. Lafontaine says of the Soda! Democrats. 

and well-publicized friendships 
with pop stars, Mr. Lafontaine is 
considered something of a charac- 
ter. In December, he married bis 
third wife, an economist who be- 
cause of her short hair and progres- 
sive views is described in the popu- 
lar press as a “feminist punk” 

Mr. Lafontaine's talents as a sur- 
vivor are multiple and impressive. 
He has, by his own admission, 
transformed himself from an anti- 

NATO activist of the left to a prag- 
matist who espouses on economic 
program that is “pro-business.” 

In April 1990, he survived an 
assassination attempt when he was 
stabbed in the neck by a deranged 
woman, and in December of the 
same year he suffered a humiliating 
electoral defeat when he stood as 
the Soda! Democratic candidate 
for chancellor and was beaten by 
Helmut KohL 

But Mr. Lafontaine still speaks 
bis mind. This week, when remind- 
ed that Mr. Kohl had recently pro- 
claimed it “springtime" for Germa- 
ny's economy, Mr. Lafontaine 
laughed at first and then bis. eyes 
twinkled with mischief. He made 
sure his guest knew the story of 
JUrgen Schneider, the fugitive real 
estate developer who disappeared 
at Easier, tearing behind a bank- 
rupt company and a mountain of 


“Lisieri,”he began, “they all said 
1 was insane when 1 predicted four 
years ago that the unification of 
Germany would lead to an explo- 
sion of state debt that would reach 
thousands of billions of marks. 
Now we are at nearly 2,000 billion 
Deutsche marks. You know what 
that makes Helmut Kohl? He is the 
Jurgen Schneider of German poli- 

GERMANY: The Bundesbank Made Serious Mistakes 9 Lafontaine Says 

Continued from Page I 

promote growth," Mr. Lafontaine said. "We 
cannot exert pressure on the Bundesbank, but 
we can create the preconditions for the Bundes- 
bank to reduce interest rates." Thai meant, he 
said, that as finance minister he would act to 
contain the growth of public-sector spending 
and even make cuts in welfare-state spending 
such as the national health system and eventu- 
ally unemployment benefits. 

Among the key points made by Mr. Lafon- 
taine during two' hours of conversation about 
his parry's economic plans for Germany and 
the European Union: 

• Forecasts of 1 .5 percent growth in Germa- 
ny's national income this year are based on 
assumptions about consumer spending that are 
“very questionable." 

• A government under Mr. Scharping would 
forge ahead with privatizations at the federal 
and state levels. It would consider as priorities 
the privatization of Deutsche Telekom, the 
state telecommunications concern, and Deut- 
sche Bundesbahn, the state railroad. 

• If elected, the Social Democrats would 
introduce "a thorough reform of our tax sys- 
tem" that would make a priority of reducing the 
burden of employers' tax and social security 
contributions by about 20 billion Deutsche 
marks (S12 billion), replacing these with energy 

• The Social Democrats might lose some 
votes because of its plan to scrap a nationwide 
7.5 percent "solidarity surcharge" on income 
taxes in 1995 and replace it with a 10 percent 

levy on high-income earners, but the move 
would help spur consumer spending across the 

• Once the issue of whether inheritance taxes 
can be increased is clarified by Germany’s high 
court, the Social Democrats would favor in- 
creasing the levy to recoup revenues lost by cuts 

• Reducing Germany’s record unemploy- 
ment levels would be a high priority, and a 
government under Mr. Scharping would favor 
the kind of infrastructure investments laid out 
in the recent white paper prepared by Jacques 
Odors, the president of the European Commis- 
sion. But getting European governments to act 
jointly an that plan would be difficult 

• The timetable for European monetary 
union contained in the Maastricht treaty is 
“unrealistic" and “no one believes it can work.” 
He said he expected that instead of a single 
European currency in the late 1990s, it was 
more likely that a “core" group of countries — 
including Germany, France, and the Benelux 
countries — would seek currency links. 

Mr. Lafontaine was critical of the govern- 
ments of France and Britain, proclaiming 
France’s franc fort policy of keeping its interest- 
rate cuts in step with Germany's a mistake 
during recession because it kept French interest 
rates artificially high. The government of Prime 
Minister John Major in Britain, meanwhile, 
had “defended an overvalued pound for too 
long as a matter of political prestige" before 
leaving the European exchange rate mechanism 
in September 1992. 

Mr. Lafontaine said he favored the enlarge- 

ment of the European Union, and the eventual 
inclusion of East European members such as 
Poland and Hungary. But he would seek special 
provisions to avoid the problem of a “disas- 
trous" flow of immi grant workers from new 
members in that region into Western Europe. 

On the politically sensitive issue of unem- 
Med on Thursday that half a 

ployment be not 
million more Germans are out of work now 
than was the case a year ago. (Page 15) “The 
government has not been able to get a grip on 
mass unemployment," he said. 

While acknowledging that he could not “cre- 
ate a million jobs overnight," Mr. Lafontaine 
said a Social Democratic government would 
encourage more flexible working hours for in- 

Turning to the debate about whether Deut- 
sche Bank and other leading German commer- 
cial banks have too mucb power and not 
enough responsibility over the many industrial 
companies in which they control equity stakes, 
Mr. Lafontaine said he supported moves to 
limit the size of bank shareholdings in industry. 

He expressed concern about the role of mem- 
bers of the supervisory boards of companies 
such as MetaUgeseilschaft AG, the German 
trading group that nearly collapsed and whose 
supervisory board is chaired by a director of 
Deutsche Bank 

“The bankers have too much of a burden 
with these supervisory boards they sit on," he 
said. “You can't at on 20 supervisory boards 
and in totally different industries. We must 
reform this, too." 


A New Investment Partner 

Hon- fo.-Reap ihe Dividends of the Region s Economic Revival 
LONDON • JUNE 9- I 0 • 1 994 

June 9 

June 10 



Enrique V Lgleslas, President. Inter-American Development Bank 

Eduardo Anlnat, Finance Minister. Chile 
Fernando Cossio, Minister ol Finance. Bolivia 
lullo Sosa, Finance Minister. Venezuela 


David C Mulford. Chairman. CS First Boston Limited. London 
Onno van den Broek. General Manager. ING Bank International 

Carlos Rajas, President. Solidarity Fund. Mexico* 

Gert Rosenthal, Ex ecuuve Secretary’. ECLAC. Santiago 




Sir Michael Palliser Vice Chairman. 5amueJ Montagu. London 



folio Bustamente, Superintendent. Pension ftind Administrators. 


Hugo Varsky. Executive Director. Bolivar-Enlace Programme 



Hermiolo Blanco Mendoza, Under Secretary of international 
Commercial Negotiations. Mexico 

Ana Ordonez de MoHna, Finance Minister, Guatemala 
Government Minister, Colombia 

Enrique Garda, President. Andean Development Corporation 

Jorge Herrera Vegas, Under Secretary. Economic Integration, 


Rubens Antonio Barbosa. Ambassador. Brazilian Embassy. London 

Joan Prat, Director-General for North-South Relations. European 
Commission. Brussels 


Russell Herbert, Managing Director. Global Gas. British Gas. London 
loald Santfflana, Chief Executive, Telef6nica International. Madrid 

Michael Brook, Dnectoi. Developing Country Finance Group, West 
Merchant Bank. London 

Roger Palmer, Director. Equities. Kletnwon Benson. London 

Conference Location 


Leonardo Stagg, Director. Ecuadorian National Finance 



Jorge Carnet, Minister of Economy 

Ignacio de Posadas, Minister of Economy 
* hnfted, but not coeflrmed 

The Regent Hotel, 222 MaryJebone Road, London 
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regret I here cart L. n> jsutv .» ul it m?. may be made at any time The 

conference spuns.-i.-> -vm-i . iix t^nl i.i amend the program if necessary. 

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Page 8 

FRIDAY. MAY 6. 1994 

r i n i © n 





Limit ed Help for Rwandans 

In the four terror-filled weeks since the 

leaders of Rwanda and Burundi perished in a 
mysterious plane crash, Rwandan armed 
forces and vigilante gangs have resorted to 
butchery on a scale more horrifying than 
seemed possible at the outset. At least 100,000 
people may have been slaughtered. In one 
instance, militiamen reportedly invaded an 
orphanage, picked out 21 children of the mi- 
nority Tuisis and killed them along with 13 
Red Cross workers who came to their assis- 
tance. Ethnic violence has displaced an esti- 
mated million people or more. Some 250,000 
Rwandans fled and are camped out in Tanza- 
nia and other neighboring countries. 

As terrified United Nations peacekeepers 
evacuated Rwanda, other nations consoled 
themselves with the hope that the butchers 
would grow weary of killing. This once 
seemed to us a likely prospect, too, but it does 
no more. The savagery continues unabated. 
Anguished international onlookers now com- 
prehend more fully the awful consequences of 
standing on the sidelines. 

The Somalia example loomed large in 
Western thinking. As the involvement there 
revealed, solving African civil wars is not the 
international community's long suit. Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton said as much on Tuesday, 
when be indicated that Somalia had taught 
him to be cautious about intervening in a 
humanitarian crisis where a political process 
is absent. But he went on to say that **we can 
take the lessons we learned and perhaps do a 

better job there over a longer period of time 
and perhaps bead off starvation and do those 
things which need to be done." Rwanda repre- 
sents that kind of challenge. 

Rwanda also offers a chance for the UN 
Security Council to rethink its decision to 
withdrew all but a skeletal force as the crisis 
escalated. Secretary-General Bmros Butros 
G hall's call for the ’council to reconsider that 
decision offers a way for the United Nations 
to answer the criticism that at the first sign of 
Hangar it cuts and runs. Given the terrible 
degree to which the carriage has been pursued, 
it now appears that the United Nations 
should beef up its beleaguered force and keep 
diplomatic pressure on the warring factions to 
abandon the quest for total victory. The Secu- 
rity Council should promptly take steps to 
impose an arms embargo, deploy UN-backed 
African peacekeepers along the Rwanda- Bu- 
rundi border, insert a human rights presence 
and step up humanitarian aid. 

The United Slates has sent more than $60 
million in aid to the area since last fall. America 
has die clout and means to do more — although 
not mi the battlefield- It can provide miliiary 
logistical support for relief. It can also bolster 
Tanzania, which is brokering Rwandan peace 
talks, and it can keep trying to talk sense to 
both sides. As has been dear from the begin- 
ning, the major responsibility for a long-term 
settlement rests on Rwandans. But an engaged 
world can and must help that process along. 


Forward in the Middle East 

It may be days, weeks or even months 
before Israelis and Palestinians grasp the 
meaning of the autonomy accord signed in 
Cairo on Wednesday. The small print spells 
out the terms of limited self-rule that will 
apply imminently to the town of Jericho and 
the Gaza Strip. But it is the big print that truly 
matters: after years of strife, bitter antago- 
nists have come together on a formula first 
proposed at Camp David in 1978 that will 
permit Israeli forces to withdraw honorably 
from West Bank territories that Israel seized 
in the defensive 1967 war. 

In short, millions of words about the “Mid- 
dle East peace process" have been translated. 
Anally, into deeds. A wall has fallen once 
again in ancient Jericho: within three months, 
limited Palestinian self-rule is to be extended 
throughout the rest of the West Bank. 

This has happened despite acts of desperate 
terrorism by a fanatic core of Arabs and Jews 
who view these steps to peace as treason. 
Whether they succeed depends on the mo- 
mentum of a deal struck between a pragmatic 
prime minister, Yitzhak Rabin, and his ene- 
my- turned-partner, Yasser Arafat, the Pales- 
tine Liberation Organization chairman. 

There are promising omens. Mr. Arafat 
needs to show positive results, quickly, to 
Palestinians skeptical about an arrangement 
that falls far short of statehood. Propitiously, 
the World Bank and the PLO have hammered 
out a three-year aid program, drawing on $2.4 
billion in pledges from 40 donor countries. 

And there are signs that Washington's 
slra tegy — to reach simultaneous Arab- Israeli 
agreements on all fronts this year — may yet 

work. Secretary of State Warren Christopher, 
who was present for the signing of an accord 
that he helped midwife, has been patiently 
leaning on Syrian President Hafez Assad for 
concessions essential to dismantling Israeli 
settlements on the formerly Syrian Golan 
Heights. At the risk of provoking an uproar 
among settlers allied with his own Labor Par- 
ty, Mr. Rabin has talked of a real withdrawal 
in return for a real peace. Mr. Assad is begin- 
ning, however haltingly, to discuss substance, 
which for Syria is progress. 

As important is evidence of Israel’s new 
status in the post-Cold War world. Last week 
Mr. Rabin became the first Israeli prime minis- 
ter to visit Moscow in an official capacity. He 
won promises that Russia will supply only non- 
offensive weapons and spare parts to its Arab 
customers. Israel's new dout is directly related 
to its willingness to yield land for peace on the 
West Bank, and to engage the only Palestinian 
leader with international standing. 

This is not to ignore the unremitting threat 
of terrorism, especially if hopes raised by 
Wednesday's accord are not swiftly ad- 
dressed. All the more reason for Israel and the 
PLO to tie up vital loose ends like the disput- 
ed boundaries of Jericho, and whether Pales- 
tinians can post guards on the Allenby Bridge 
connecting the West Bank to Jordan. 

It is a paradox that old and bitter adversar- 
ies find it easier to agree cm big issues than on 
lesser matters that repeatedly bog down nego- 
tiations. Yet with each step forward. Israel 
and the PLO deepen their investment in a 
successful outcome. 


Why Believe Sudoplatov? 

What is to be made of the newly published 
memoir of Pavel Sudoplatov in which, among 
other things, the former KGB general accuses 
leading scientists in the American atomic 
bomb project of helping Stalin acquire Ameri- 
can nuclear secrets? The first consideration 
must be that, coming as they do from a 
loathsome and unapologelic mass murderer, 
such accusations demand an extraordinarily 
high level of documentary corroboration. It is 
difficult to imagine someone who deserves 
less to be taken at his unverified word. 

The second consideration is that the partic- 
ular targets of his atomic allegations — Rob- 
ert Oppeobeuner. Leo Szilard, Enrico Fermi, 
Niels Bohr — are doubly owed objective judg- 
ment. They are dead and unable to defend 
themselves And they are men whose notable 
contributions to a project that was deemed 
vital to the allied war effort entitle them not 
to have their memory usually smeared. Cer- 
tainly these lions of science deserve not to be 
maligned by someone who has a manifest 
personal interest in a self-serving version of 

history and who to this day upholds a Stalin- 
ist ideology that spares him any requirement 
for loyalty to truth. 

As for tiie nitty-gritty, readers of these 
pages have a chance today to read an analy- 
sis offered by Priscilla Johnson McMillan, 
which seems to us to be bardheaded and to 
show the arbitrary element in the Sudoplatov 
allegations of espionage and treason. 

It is bad enough that the new book comes 
from a publisher (Little, Brown) ready to 
present it not as the memoir of a man who 
proudly ran one of the century's great killing 
machines but as an “enlightening'' report 
from a former Soviet "spymaster” — a word 
that cleans up his wretched deeds. Worse, the 
book has been picked up by the History 
Book Gub; the choice conveys the impres- 
sion that it is not simply an 87-year-old 
survivor's recollections but a work of hisioTy 
thai has been subjected to the disciplines of 
the craft. At least the book is well named — 
“Special Tasks.” 


Other Comment 

As if Rwanda Were Off the Map 

One of (he greatest tragedies of the latter part 
of the century is under way. but the United 
Nations Security Council has refused to deckle 
on a reinforcement or the UN mission in the 
country, despite the requests or Secretary-Gen- 
era] Butros Butros Ghali. Instead it will “ur- 
gently" examine his proposals. 

Washington is to examine the possibility of 
financing military intervention by .African 
countries. This solution was envisaged for 
Burundi, when it was tom by interethnic kill- 
ings last autumn: Burundi is still waiting. 

As for Europe, it has found a better way: 

silence. It is as if it had edited the maps of 
the world and Rwanda no longer appeared. 

— La Libre Belgique (Brussels). 

Still Haunting the Patch 

The central issue in the Dutch elections was 
the economy and. in particular, reducing the 
Moated welfare state to manageable levels. As 
expected. Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers has 
now resigned, after 12 years in power. But the 
chimera of the cradle -lo-grave welfare state still 
haunts the Netherlands, and it will be the job of 
a new coalition government to put it to rest, 
— Seue Zurcher Zeiiung f Zurich). 

International Herald Tribune 



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China Is Getting Help 
In a Grab at the Sea 

ri .'- ' «-V- ■ 

• >.j- .> y 2, jyy. 

By Philip Bowriflg 

H ONG KONG — Policy contra- 
dictions are inevitable in dem- 
ocratic countries with multiple glob- 
al and domestic interests. Bui that 
neither explains nor excuses the con- 
tradiction in U.S. policy toward 
China which seeks to dictate domes- 
tic policy in China but gives tacit 
support to China’s hegemonislic ex- 
ternal policies. 

The extension of most-favored-na- 
tion trade status is debated ad nause- 
am on the assumption, on both sides 
of the argument, that the United 
States influences China's domestic 
policies- At the same lime the United 
States is sleepwalking in to active sup- 

The Crestone award is 
symbolic of China's claim 
to the whole South China 
Sea,whichin effect 
would turn it into inland 
Chinese waters. 

port of Chinese expansionism in the 
South China Sea. which is even more 
arrogant than its invasion of Tibet 
and far more dangerous to interna- 
tional peace. ASEAN countries, loo. 
are proving an accomplice by declin- 
ing to face unpleasant reality. 

Implied U.S. support for China’s 
attempt to assert sovereignty over the 
whole South China Sea is especially 
stunning given that Washington 
spends billions every year on an East 
Asian presence designed to keep the 
region at peace as well as U.S. global 
interests intact. It suggests either that 
the Stale Department is asleep at the 
wheel, or thai policy-making has been 
taken over by Sinologists who give 
knee-jerk support to any Chinese na- 
tional claims, regardless or interna- 
tional law or the interests of the slates 
— Malaysia, Vietnam and the Philip- 
pines — that comprise three-quarters 
of the South China Sea littoral. 

It was astonishing enough when. 

two years ago. the Denver-based 
C res tone Energy Corporation an- 
nounced that China had “awarded” it 
an exploration block in an area 250 
kilometers southeast of Vietnam and 
500 kilometers from Malaysia but 
1,300 kilometers from China’s south- 
ernmost habitation. Hainan Island. 
Crestone might have been considered 
an opportunist explorer as ignorant 
of international politics as Foggy 
Bottom was of wildcatting, but naive- 
te cannot be an excuse now. Without 
a peep of protest from tbe U.S. gov- 
emmen L, Crcsione is to go ahead with 
drilling the block, “with fuU support 
and protection from China.” 

This is not a marginal boundary 
issue. Nor is it, as it is often present- 
ed, part of an argument about which 
country owns all or some of the 
Spratly Islands, the scattered group 
of islets, rocks and reefs that dot the 
southern part of the Sooth China Sea. 
Given that none of the Spratlys can 
support permanent habitation, even 
rightful possession of all of them 
would not give China tbe right to the 
seabed of the C res lone contract area. 
Nor can China claim continental 
shelf rights. China is separated by 
waters 1.800 meters (6.000 feet) deep 
from the Cresione block, which is in 
the shallow water of the shelf joining 
Vietnam and eastern Malaysia. 

In other words, the Crestone award 
is symbolic of China’s claim to the 
whole sea, which in effect would turn 
it into inland Chinese waters. 

The claim has incalculable strate- 
gic implications, quite apart from 
seabed resources. This is one of the 
world's busiest thoroughfares, link- 
ing Japan to Singapore and hence to 
tbe Middle East ana Europe. If China 
can establish a right to the Crestone 
block's undersea resources, it is at 
least halfway to establishing its claim, 
spelled out under its Law on Territori- 
al Waters, to the whole sea and thus to 
rights of passage through it. 

The Crestone block is not far from 
Vietnam's Dai Hung (Big Bear) field, 
discovered before 1975 by Mobil and 
now being developed by BHP with 
Total, Sumitomo. Petrovietnam and 

Why lifting the Arms Embargo WouldBeaH^df 

T IFTTNG tbe anus embargo would neither level the 

Lpla^nddBOrMpfteBosMna;*.^^ would 

L IFTING tbe arms embargo would neither level the 
/ playing field nor hdp the Bosnian cause. 

No permanent member of the UN Security Council 

aJon^i^woS^ Americanize the war, signaling that the 
United States was entering on the side of the Bosnian 
Muslims. America would become responsible for Bos- 
nia’s fate. It would encourage other countries to violate 
trade and financial sanctions against Serbia. 

To lift the embargo now would send exactly the 
wrong signal at a fragile and pivotal moment in the 
peace talks. Hie Serbs, understanding that the Mus- 
lims might get more arms, would move swiftly to crush 

macy for a peace settlemenL lf 

embargo unilaterally, that strat^y xroiflA^^^- 

opeaing a serious rift in the alliahcei 

Russia would suffer, since Moscow/.woukJ^p 

under great pressure to provide arins toThe-SSf^. 

Claiborne PeU, chairman cfthe'Senaipfot^- 

Rciations Committee, and Joe Ham 
chairman of the House FwtmAffaia0>>rb^6tt 
commenting in The New ; YodTma. r 
' J . .'S-Vv*.*:, 

Malaysia’s Petronas. It abuts tbe 
T hanh Long (Blue Dragon) field over 
which Mobil and others recently 
d grwH an exploration contract and 
another field already being explored 
by BP on behalf of a consortium that 
includes Norway's StatoQ and India's 
Oil & Natural Gas Commission- 
China has not yet directly threat- 
ened any companies drilling in the 
waters off Vietnam, but exploration 
vessels reportedly have been shad- 
owed. Worries are growing about 
China 's openly aggressive posture, 
which may curtaifaclivity in areas 
already awarded by Vietnam. 

Offshore installations are cosily 
and hard to defend. At the very least, 
the Crestone block may set an east- 
ward limit for Vietnam’s oil search. 
China’s own offers of onshore explo- 
ration territory, such as the Tarim 
Basin, may also cause foreign compa- 
nies to heed its claims, however ab- 
surd, to the South China Sea. 

China 's aggressive stance appears 
encouraged by a combination of U.S. 
and ASEAN paralysis on the issue. 

Of ASEAN members, only Indo- 
nesia, which is not directly involved 
in the South China Sea question, 
shows any inclination to challenge 

. r , •- 

China's regional preS uru^ ffi.^ 
laysia and the 

tom as threat^rfby c^^ r^l' 
as those of Vletnanz ij^n^ jH 
publicly, at 

refuge mplatiludes abo$^ h&( 
in China’s goodwill; asi;t&«c(l| T - 
peaceful resolution 
If the United 

Japan cannot identify, tharja^ • 
interest on 

matter of time before^ftSe 

lional waters lap]HQg!ai^gjli^:.; 
aan shores beconie^aTJarti^t- 

Expect Rough Treatment for the GATT Settlement in 

W ASHINGTON — After last 
year’s fight over the North 
American Free Trade Agreement, 
most American trade watchers fig- 
ured that GATT would be a piece of 
cake. Instead, it looks liked^ja vu all 
over again. 

The new GATT, the most sweep- 
ing international trade agreement in 
history, is the result of negotiations 
that began m 1986 in Uruguay and 
ended on April 15 with an official 
signing in Marrakesh. Morocco. It 
does great things for Americans — 
lowers world tariffs, protects copy- 
rights brings services under its rules 
for the first time, cuts agricultural 
subsidies, and opens markets that 
used to be dosed to American goods. 

Still, there is opposition in Con- 
gress — and not just from mercantil- 
ists who will do anything to protect 
businesses in their districts from 
global competition. The powerful 
new complaint is that GATT would 
sacrifice U.S. sovereignty and give 
too much power to pesky little coun- 
tries that make trouble for the United 
States in other world forums. 

Under the old GATT, if a dispute 
pand concluded that a country had 
violated trade rales that country 
could veto its own punishment. Un- 
der the World Trade Organization, or 
WTO, set up under the new GATT, 
only a super-majority can overturn a 
penally. A super-majority also can 
change WTO rules and make binding 
decisions — even ones that Washing- 
ton may not like. 

There is an irony here. “We hare 
complained for 20 or 30 years that we 
couldn't get justice" from GATT be- 
cause individual violators of trade 
rules would simply veto its decisions, 
said Gaude Barfield, the American 
Enterprise Institute’s director of 
trade policy studies. The WTO kills 

By James K. Giassmaxt 

that veto power — but for the United 
States as well as for everyone else. 

“Thar means that when findings go 
against us, we have to go along.” said 
Jagdish Bhagwati, a Columbia Uni- 
versity economics professor and for- 
mer adviser to GAIT. Mr. Bhagwati, 
a top economist on world trade, ap- 
plauds the new GATT for replacing 
negotiated back-room deals with 
clear rales that everyone has to fol- 
low. “We should be opening bottles 
of champagne," he said. 

But keeping his champagne firmly 
corked is the House minority whip. 

Newt Gingrich, a Georgia Republi- 
can whose support was essential in 
approving NAFTA. On April 19 he 
met with a friend and financial back- 
er, Roger MiHiken, who heads Ameri- 
ca's largest private textile firm. Mr. 
Mflliken, a fierce NAFTA foe, has 
good reason to oppose the new 
GATT since it forces an end to highly 
protectionist textile policies that have 
benefited him for years. 

In his campaign to change or kill 
GATT. Mr. Milliken hired Steven 
Hofman, a former Republican Labor 
Department official who backed 

NAFTA. Mr. Hofman, in turn, com- 
nusskmed a memo from the Washing- 
ton law firm of Gibson, Dunn & 
Crutcher that described in stark terms 
the new powers that small countries 
would have under the WTO. 

Mr. Gingrich was impressed and 
raised his objections on NBCs “Meet 
the Press": “If you look at the mess in 
Bosnia and the UN's incompetence, 
this World Trade Organization will 
have 1 17 member nations with one 
vote each. So, in effect we could be 
outvoted by Antigua or by Botswana 
or by Venguela." 

Mr. Barfield, who calls the new 
GATT “a triumph,” said he believes 

that these worries 
small countries,” hesiui^ifijdji J 
hurt if this thmggetswt ^teti.'U ] 

Bhagwati agrees: 
tods" to apply to \ 

make them see our 
a crazy notion" that 

would be pushed aro*ri. : v 7 ; -- ImWaa^- 
ButMr.Gingridic^aaft I tAifgMfL , . 
said his concern is f . 

Clinton administrati^feflfra- ^ 
tion to multilateral systtiw^.r 3 v',— ‘ 

In other words, hel&mjli '. 7 ..' ' 

foreign policy prart^lfflf'w*d 
over to the United Natto^itari 

SnMroahti'i:: ■■ 
fwkaaiEBrir.:: v 

I • AsfcrMrSj-- 
'■ttWrpw::-.. : w r. 

mtlSrc K: . 

':-*£» j? 


41 3*R 

Don’t Let China Take Intellectual Property 

By Gregory Stanko and Nisha Mody ^ l J} e J « )n ^ nt . ° r government 

J a J 'V Cnn trolled inclitiitinn* 

W ASHINGTON — All but lost 
in the rancorous debate over 
most-favored-nation trade status for 
China is an issue that is draining 
American writers, musicians and 
software designers of hundreds of 
millions of dollars a yean Chinese 
piracy of U.S. intellectual property. 
The Clinton administration should 
be punishing the Chinese Tor (heir 
theft of American compact discs and 
computer software. 

instead, it has put off a decision on 
the issue until June 30. 

And one of the strongest counter- 
measures available to Congress may 
be weakened by legislation to imple- 
ment the Uruguay Round of negotia- 
tions on a world trade treaty. 

ImeDectuaJ property — primarily 
books, films, computer programs ana 
musical recordings — has become an 
increasingly important American ex- 

port. From 1991 to 1992. exports of 
aO such products increased try 9 per- 
cent They were only exceeded by 
those of the aerospace and agricul- 
ture industries. 

In 1993, piracy cost copyright- 
based industries at least $8 billion. 
China is responsible for more than 
one-tenth of this loss: S827 million. 
China's brazen piracy is well known. 
Tbe Office of the U.S. Trade Repre- 
sentative says that 15 laser and com- 
pact disk factories in China produced 
50 million pirated disks last year. 

One of the worst offenders is the 
Sbenfei Laser Disk Optical Systems 
Co., which has made illegal copies of 
movies such as “Jurassic Park” that 
have yet to be released on video in the 
United States. Despite Americans' 
complaints, nothing has been done. 

Computer software and books are 
also pirated in China, sometimes 

Presumption of Innocence for Clinton 

Jones, now 27. who was an 
Arkansas stale employee in 1991. 
claims that she was enticed into a 
hotel room in Little Rock where 
Governor Bill Ginton asked her to 
perform a sexual favor. 

She says she refused. A trooper 
who she says extended the gover- 
nor’s invitation was later quoted 
saying Lhat she indicated otherwise. 
Mrs. Jones took umbrage ai that 
damaging suggestion and went 

f iublic a few months ago at a con- 
abulation of right-wingers. 

Until now. most of the American 
media have shied away from this 
story. Why? The ostensible reasons 
ore (hat Mrs. Jones chose a partisan 
forum, offered no evidence to back 
her allegation, and has up to now 
declined to take legal action. TTie 
real reason is lhat few want to use 
belated sex accusations to bedevil a 
man subsequently elected president. 

However, her lawyer, having 
failed to obtain her an apology or 
settlement from Pres idem Ginton, 
this week made plain her intention 
to seek redress m court. Although 
the federal sex-harassment require- 
ment to come forward within six 
months has long passed, the statute 
of limitations for the loosey-goosey 
“intentional affliction of emotional 
distress" still has a few days to run. 

Mr. Ginton, who denies these 
charges, then hired the attorney 
Robert Bennett (brother of William 
Bennett, the virtue maven) to mount 
a defense. Instead of directly attack- 
ing her credibililY. the Clinton coun- 
sd characterized Mis. Jones as cruel- 

By William Satire 

ly manipulated by Mr. Clin ion’s 
political foes. At that point. The 
Washington Post property decided 
that the time had come to front-page 
its carefully researched story. 

So here sits America, with no 
appetite and in the wrong restau- 
rant, served up a costly, tasteless, 
warmed-over dish it didn't order 
and cannot send back. 

But some of my ideological soul 
mates are in razorback hog heaven. 
Accuracy in Media is triumphant: 
The American Spectator, vanguard 
of "troopeigate," is vindicated; 
Rush Limbaugh has enough mate- 
rial for a summertone harangue. 

The Wall Street Journal could 
not reast citing the collected works 
of my colleague Anthony Lewis de- 
fending leaked charges by Anita Hfl) 
against Clarence Thomas: “The 
possibility that a Supreme Court 
nominee who had bad the job of 
preventing sex discrimination in 
fact practiced it demanded airing." 

Feminists sided with Ms. Hill, 
who waited a decade to accuse the 
conservative Judge Thomas; then 
they sided with women who waited 
up to 20 years to accuse the Re- 
publican Senator Bob Padcwood 
of boorish behavior. Will they now 
react with equal fervor lo a charge 
three years later against the Demo- 
cratic president who prides him- 
self on empowering women? 

If it comes down to “Who’s tell- 
ing the truth?” most people will 
believe tbe woman complainant. 

with the consent of government- 
controlled institutions. 

The Reflective Metals Institute at 
Shenzhen University produced 60,000 
holograms for a Taiwanese counter- 
feiter, who placed them on imitation 
Microsoft products. The company es- 
timates that the counterfeits cost it 
$30 million to $150 million last year. 

To combat this thievery, the Unit- 
ed States must enforce Special 301, a 
section of UJL trade law that deals 
with inieOechial property. That pro- 
vision requires the trade office to 
publish a list of problem countries 
yearly and allows it to initiate investi- 
gations that can lead to sanctions. 

Yet legislation now being drafted 
to carry out the Uruguay Round 
agreements may weaken Special 30 1. 
Some trade lawyers ad viang Con- 
gress argue that any sanctions called 
for by the agreements do not properly 
apply to intdlectual-property viola- 
tions. In tbe debate over carrying out 
Uruguay Round agreements, which is 
fikely to take place this summer. Con- 
gress should ensure lhat trade legisla- 
tion explicitly declares that tbe United 
States can impose sanctions. 

As the administration has painful- 
ly learned, Beijing will not respect 

over to the united motes;™* $ - 

ca can’t seem to act S 

Somalia or even Hwti wfe fe m fca. r:.." 
broad approval of jwitwa w frv '_, ' 

over to other countries as trf? 

U.S. Trade ReprtsenMiw 
Kan cor was on dteMphw" 


suade mm to back- GATT. j* 
deeply committed to worid Irak* 
doesn’t want to scuttle the 
ment,” Mr. Kantbr saidin'wjj 
view. “He's looking, at it orawl 
There’s nothing wrong with fe*- 

Mr. Kantor does not wart 1 o J 
pear annoyed with Me. Gangn® r 
the tnah is that he should be I*? 1 
little late in thdginie 
up worries about sow ogefr^ 
all, it was Congress that antdoK 
GATT negotiators in 1988 wW 
lough way te resolve dispute 
47 years of wimpisfiness. 

Problems on other Irontsa^ 

Democrat of Illinois, has 
Democrats and two RepoH^® 
the usual anti-free trade fflspw*. 

M? } 
*■ c'c 
- -c*-- * 

'-<6 \ 

E Bonior, Democrat . 

to sign a tetter askiiffl ; 

Clinton to postpone GATT 
year, dong a host of 

mg environmental and 
Meanwhile, the Ho** 
leader, Richard G®h 
portive of GATT, duO 1 ®?^ 
cents about how to pay W* j- 
spokesperson. iSsQSRS 

Paula Jones expressed her chagrin 
to six people at the lime; the troop- 
ers, although warned by Arkansas 
politicians to shut up, may be 
forced under oath to discredit their 
former boss; and Mr. Clinton has 
already admitted to having fallen 
short of marital perfection. 

Why. then, is this bound unwill- 
ing to heed the huntsmen's call? 
Because I mistrust sudden memo- 
ries and late hits and lucrative vic- 
timbood. There is a world of differ- 
ence between the Clintons’ complex 
cover-up on Whitewater, whichbred 
doubt, and Mr. Clinton’s ample de- 
nial of a sexual allegation, on which 
be deserves the benefit of our doubt. 

If Jones v. Clinton goes to court 
who carries the burden of proof? 
Qvjj and Grunina! law differ, but 
our sense of fairness places that bur- 
den on the accuser, tbe defendant 
need not prove himself innocent 

1 applied that principle to Judge 
Thomas, will apply it to Mr. Pack- 
wood and Mr. Clinton, and would 
apply it to a woman officeholder 
accused by a man. 

Sexual harassment is widespread, 
wrong, unlawful and should be 
stopped. How to root out that evil 

bladtmail of ^^raisatiMS? 

The best way for the harassed to 
g et jus tice is to file a complaint 
promptly, as laws require, and not 
wait for a time when the target is 
politically ascendant or at risk. The 
best way to protect the rights of the 
accused is to hold fast lo our pre- 
sumption of innocence. 

The New York Times. 

v Muuvu, Dojuig wui aui respect spuKespason- wuu “_J'C =; wi(flK' 
what it perceives lo be a hollow warn- evtai though GATT wffl be * 

ino NnSf it ic am in ... PnMHMI IS® 

tance in the 21st century. 

Gregory Stanko is a research asso- 
ciate at the Economic Strategy Insti- 
tute, an economic and trade policy or- 
ganisation. Naha Mody is a research 
assistant. They contributed this com- 
ment to The Ne*’ York Times. 

new revenue to 

income lhat will be \ .rjLn- 
group for that revennejs 1 ®^^ 
and their senaroft snfl rq» 
lives are squawking. • PTA .gr 
“I don’t see this as 
fight." Mr. Kanlor i^J- V®? 
natdy, it’s getting to be 

TheWashingunP* 1 ' 

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Believe the Spy or Four Great Men? , w , _ ~ 

Page 9 

pAMBRijvj ^ PriSCilla Jolmson McMillan 

a , rcccni article in The WaUh^ 111 Fermi ^ Oppenheimer io oppose 
jfajl Jerrold and Leona Scher^^l 1011 * e hydrogen bomb, both men were pro-' 
aoenzed the Manhattan Pmiwt l ? ar ' P° nents « H-bomb research. They nev- 
SS 1 ^ teftf / « W«l such research, bm mi up 

“2® “ program succeeded hSui,?.?. minds to oppose the so-called crash 

acknowledge by ad even prosram of development during the last 

wwjd be bappjerif the homhwf I? 0 days of October 1949, three years after 
bc f n .‘fcveIop&. bomb ** never Mr. Fuchs had left the United States. 

It is true, astheSchecipre «„ . k . As for Leo Szilard, he lacked a security 
one can put together iheniSl' , 2° de arance and played no part in H-bomb 
?S their Murc? P^i Q„K s cxac ?y discussions at all. 

. .The Schecters are coi 

history, or memoirs, in the overall writ- 
ing or histoiy. Memoirs, depending on 
the source, can be a vahiablepan, but 
they are not the whole story. Responsi- 
ble historiography requires careful 
weighing both of documents and of the 
memories of participants. 

The Scheciers admonish us to seek 
out the records, both in Washington and 
Moscow, and listen to what they have to 
say. It seems to me, however, that West- 
ern scholars: have done a better job of 
reading- the available records than have 
the Scnecters and Sndoplatovs, since 

Helps Make 

A Big Day 

By Dominique Bauthier 

former officer in Sialm’s Tbe Scheciers are correct in saying that the Schecters and Sndoplatovs, since 

Jas done. But he did not heS™ ^ wrote about Mr. Fuchs’s their chapter on “Atomic Spies” is filled 

Soviet riueliipence-PatliZwn^ 6 !! rote m H-bomb dsscossiwis in the Journal with easily disproved allegations, 

bomb until 1944 wh«vaV v °h ■ Military Iffistoiy, January 1991, bin Learning the truth is tad enough, 

WMteerning atomic clai ^ 15 Mr- Fekliwv ays nothing in the article since archival access as we know it does 

00DcerTl the years 194 abom aiienipttng to plant with Mr. Op- not oast in Moscow, and documents are 
was directing Sovi« fie P^beuner, Mr. Fenni and Mr. Szilard doled out selectively bv those who control 

behind German line^ 16 *™ 18 °P eratloas the idea of oj^soang the H-bomb. He the archives and want to control Mos- 

I regret that mvc.'.j , . says nothing about them at all. cow's venaou.of history. We can expea 

left to tell his storvfiwVff V ^ ?° l . * Leo Szilard was in no position to shocks and confusion, as bats and pieces 
aliens of the r *L2-2f BI « introduce moles into the scientific lab- emerge, tantaliziogly, in the years ahead, 

he is noL as th^ oratories working on the bomb, since As for “Special Tasks,” what should have 

the anale da “ n ’ Graeral Leslie Groves, the army’s direc- beat a useful memoir stands cootpro- 

orv offhp ™ e ®‘ tor of the Manhailan Project, refused 10 mised by tbe falseness and sensational 

coven s ww the prcgecL Mr. Szilard presentation of the atomic chapter. 

1953^ K ^ ^ 920s . to never worked on the atomic bomb. 

source. esoedarS • Gewge Gamow did no work on the The writer, a fellow at Harvard's Rus- 

last vearerrf^aK-n° r ^ 93 ^ 811(1 tbe Manhattan Prcgect, and was not cleared sian Center, is working on a book about 
nA n , u ... . to work at Los Alamos until 1949. Robert Oppenheimer and the development 

Schwi^r chapter of the By far the most important issue raised of the hydrogen bond*. She contributed 

howevw i c no*Kj!^^L^S? IIC ,^P ies * by the Schemers is the place of oral this comment to The Washington Post 

since archival access as we know it does 
not enst in Moscow, and documents are 
doled out selectively by those who control 
the archives and want to control Mos- 
cow’s version of history. We can expea 
shocks and confuaon, as bits and pieces 
emerge, tanulizingly, in tbe years ahead. 
As for “Special Tasks,” what should have 
been a useful memoir stands compro- 
mised by the falseness and sensational 
presentation of the atomic chapter. 

W ASHINGTON — He was a 
round-faced man in his fifties, 
with an engaging smile. He wore a 
traditional African shirt and a navy 

bereu He was black and voting for the 

first time in a South African election. 

As a white, 2 had taken part in tbe 
1 992 referendum that started my coun- 
try of birth on the road to democracy. 


I had not, however, been able to bring 

myself to take part in earlier elections, 
which excluded the majority. 

As we waited in line to vote, we did 
not talk of past injustices, or even of 
the reasons why we found ourselves in 
a nondescript annex of the South Afri- 
can Embassy on this historic day. It 
somehow seemed natural that we 
should be standing there. 

We reminisced about the country we 
had left behind. Someone found a trav- 
el brochure and we examined it, com- 

What we have in tbe chapter of the 
Scbecter book called “Atomic Spies.” 
however, is nothing resembling history. 
*1 is a potpourri of gossip from agents 

The writer, a fellow at Harvard's Rus- 
sian Center, is working on a bode, about 
Robert Oppenheimer and the development 
of the hydrogen bomb. She contributed 
this comment to The Washington Post 

Mtk * r- 7 - — cr— ip from agents 
who apparenUy exaggerated such access 
to the Manhattan Project as they mav 
have had and remembered it at third and 
fom-th hand years afterward. 

The Schecters ask, why should we dis- 
bebeve Mr. Sudoplatov? To this I re- 
spond, why believe him? General Sudo- 
plaiav was guilty of many primps q{ 
wducb lying and disinformation may be 
u» least To accuse four of the greatest 
scientists of the century — Niels Bohr, 
Enrico Fermi Leo Szuard and Robert 
Oppenbtimer — of committing treason 
at a tune when they were helpin g save 
America surdy requires documentary 
proof, and there is not a hint of it here.' 

As for the Schecters* other paints: 

• If the December 1941 lunch at 
which Robert Oppeoheuner allegedly 

They Build on Braggadocio 
And Faulty Detective Work 

By Richard Rhodes 

paring the Blue Ridge Mountains of 
Virginia to the South African land- 

scape. We spoke of the majesty of the 

Cape, the lush vegetation of Natal the 
hills of the eastern Transvaal. 

We found we missed the same 
things. The more we talked, the more 
we discovered common experiences. 

We both spoke with affection of the 
Afrikaans language. Usually shunned 
as the lan gimgf of oppression — par- 
ticularly after the government ordered 
its use in black schools, sparking the 
deadly riots in Soweto and elsewhere 
in 1976 — Afrik aans had been a bridge 
for both of us. 

M ADISON, Connecticut — Pavel 
Sudoolatov. the last of Stalin's 

told the Sennet resident Gregory Khet- 
fetz about Albert -Eimtein's secret letter 

is, as the Schecters say, “on record in 
Moscow files,” why does the document 
not appear in the book? Not only do Mr. 
Oppenhdmer's biographer and closest 
surviving friends behove that he learned 
erf the Einstein letter only long after- 
ward, they point out that there was 

nothing classified in it Besides Einstein, 
only Eugene Wigner, Leo Szilard and 
Edward Teller knew of the letter. None 
was dose to Mr. Opp enheimer or had 
reason to tell him of 1L 
# Why credit the. unsupported asser- 
tion by the KGB agent Alexander Fekli- 
so v that Mr. Oppabezmer requested the 
physicist Klaus Fuchs’s participation at 
the weapons laboratory m Los Alamos, 
New Mexico, in the face of a mountain 
of evidence in British and American files 

to the contrary? - 

• As for Mr. Sudoplatov’s claim that 
Niels Bohr pointed to a drawing shown 
him by thephysicist-seaet agent Yakov 
Terl^tyffiNSveQdjtt l945 amfUfaed ' 
sdyeaprd^eaLwiththe Soviet nodear 
reac4or v Davki- tfoUoway of Stan! ord 
Umvmstyahd<%amadi Gcidxkbfthe 
Dibner Institute in Cambridge; Massa- 
chusetts, have' both read Mr. Ter- 
letsk/s account, which described the 
mission as unsuccessful and .made no 
reference to. a drawing. - . 

Aage Bohr, Nids Ban’s son, says that 
be was present throughout the meeting 
of Nov. 13, 1945, and that when ‘Ter- 
letsky raised technical questions con- 
cerning atomic energy, my father an- 
swered that be. was not acquainted with 
details and referred Tedetsky” to the 
Smyth Report, tbe offidal U5. account 

^•'in^wl^vSS^ihe Schecters allege 
that Mr. Fuchs was influencing Ennco 

i-VA Sudoplatov, the last of Stalin's 
wolves, has emerged tottering from his 
lair to inform us of his crimes. 

In his memoir, “Special Tasks,” the 
87-year-old former Soviet spy, also im- 
plicates four of the most important 
physicists behind the Manhattan Pro- 
ject, the U.S. government’s program to 
develop the atomic bomb. 

In a chapter called “Atomic Spies," 
Mr. Sudoputov’s accusations against 
Niels Bohr, Enrico Fermi, Leo Szilard 
and Robert Oppenheimer continue his 
career of assassination. Only this time his 
target is the character of honorable men. 

By fais own testimony, Mr. Sudoplatov 
is a criminal and a murderer, but his co- 
authors — his son Anatoli, a professor at 
Moscow University, and Jerrold and 
Leona Scbecter — ought to be ashamed. 

Mr. Sudoplatov chums that the four 
scientists supplied him with classified 
inf carnation from the American project. 
Most of Mr. Sudoplatov’s claims are no 
more than vague assertions of “cooper- 
ation.” Others are distortions or per- 
haps fabrications. He writes that Mr. 
Szriard supplied “vital information” 
from the weapons laboratory at Los 
Alamos, New Mexico. 

But Mr. Szilard never worked at Los 
Alamos. He worked at the University of 
Chicago, helping Mr. Fermi build the 

Though he was politically conserva- 
tive, Mr. Fermi is cast u "Special 
Tasks” as the puppet master or the 
Italian physicist Bruno Pontecorvo, 
a known spy who defected to tbe Soviet 
Union in 1950. 

Mr. Pontecorvo supposedly supplied 
a “full report” on the reactor’s start-up 
in Chicago, implicitly with Mr. Fermi’s 
collusion. “A few hours after the pile of 
graphite wem critical [Mr. Pontecorvo' s 
Soviet control] had received a prear- 
ranged telephone message saying The 
I talian sailor reached the new world.' 

Many years ago, my fellow voter 
told me, he was in a restaurant in 
Zambia with a group of black South 
Africans. They talked in Afrikaans so 
that the Zamb ians couldn't understand 
them. An Afrikaner overheard them 
and excitedly offered them a beer. “We 
bad such a great talk," my neighbor 
said. “I told him I wished we could do 
that across the border ” in South Africa. 

I recounted a similar experience. A 
friend and I were walking down a Paris 
street, jokingly speaking Afrikaans in- 
stead of English, when a tall black man 
came up from behind and tapped me 
on the shoulder. He said he was a 
Namibian and never thought be would 
want to hear Afr ikaans again, ‘'but 
hearing you girls makes me homesick." 
We, too, shared a beer. 

fn the embassy queue — there were 
about 100 of us at this point — the 
conversation moved to food. Someone 

bad found a brochure from a mail- 
order company listing South African 
specialties available in the United 
States. We clearly came from quite 
varied backgrounds, but no matter 
where in South Africa we had grown 
up, or bow poor or well-to-do we had 
been, we all seemed to miss Mrs. Balls 
chutney, biltong (a dried meat) and 
mielie pap (a maize-meal staple). 

We talked about Roses lime juice, 
smooth apricot jam and Ouma rusks, a 
kind of dried biscuit. 

We all I think, had a sense of 
amazement that this election, which 
had seemed an impossibility when I left 
South Africa six years ago, bad finally 
come But there was a sense of normal- 
cy. We had waited so long for this, in 
some cases fought for h. That we should 
all be here now seemed just right. 

Then it was my turn to vote. In my 
mind I subjected my decision to a last- 

minute dw|lwgp, then I entered the 
booth and made my mark. Coming out, 
1 saw the sniffing face of my neighbor 
turn serious as be headed to the booth 
with the first ballot of his lifetime. 

Outside, we South Africans — the 
young black fellow enrolled at the 
American University, the elderly, con- 
servative-looking Anglo-Saxon type, 
the gaudy couple decked in gold — 
gathered at a caffe and swapped busi- 
ness cards. They had written their 
names down in a book to be sure they 
would be invited to a South African 

reunion on July 4, a date picked, of 
course, because it is America’s Inde- 

pendence Day. 

The writer, an editor at The Daily 
Progress of Charlottesville, Virginia, 
contributed ihis comment to the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune. 

The written report followed." 

It makes a nice story, except that Mr. 
Pontecorvo was employed at the time 

Pontecorvo was employed at the time 

S f an oil-p respecting firm in Tulsa, 
klahoma. ana took up atomic energy 
research only in 1943. 

The story also bears a remarkable 
similarity to an anecdote in a 1956 mem- 
oir. "Atomic Quest," by Mr. Fernri’s 
boss, the physicist Arthur Compton 

iately after the Chicago reactor 
started, Mr. Compton writes, he called 
James Conant, president erf Harvard and 
head erf the atomic project, and told him, 
“Jim, you’ll be interested to know that 
the Italian navigator has just landed in 
the new world.” 

The Schecters could easily have 
checked Mr. SudqpJatov's story in the 
appendix of their own book. 

first nuclear reactor, which began opera- Igor Kurchatov, the scientific head of 
tkto in ’Det&mbof 1 PW2. ‘ “ t: IheSbwethtomic praecl'cdinmmtsin a 

f 1942. ‘ “ tfeSbwethtonricpn^eclcbinmentsina 

. Mr. Szilard did share with Mr. Op- document dated July 3, 1943, that the 
penbexmer and Mx. Bohr a conviction latest Soviet espionage revealed that “at- 
which Me.^ S udoplatov distorts: that the tempts by American researchers are very 
United States should inform tbe Soviet saoustoexecmeauramsm-grapliitepiK: 
Union about the atomic bomb prcgect in tbe near future.” 
before using the bomb and should begin Seven months after die start-up, be 
rfyyiuyin g mtemational control of the obviously bad no idea that the United 
revolutionary new weapon. , • - States had. already been successful 

In 1944, Mr. Bohr met with President' But Mr. Sudoplaiov’s most despicable 
F ranklin D. Roosevdt to express this allegations conceal Robert Oppenhd- 
conviction — not, as Mr. Sudoplatov mer, the director of the weapons lab at 
has it, to urgp Roosevelt “to share atom- Los Alamos. He drama that Mr. Oppen- 
ic secrets.” u a follow-up letter to tbe beimer hired the physicist Klaus Fuchs 
president, Mr. Bohr wrote, “It is wholly and gave him access to documents “he 

over which Mr. Oppenheimer had no 
control And every PhJX at Los Alamos 
had complete access to documents. 

Hans Bethe, the Nobel laureate who 
was Mr. Fuchs’s boss at Los Alamos, 
scoffs at the allegations against Mr. Op- 
penbdmer. “We now know that Fuchs 
transmitted full information to the Sovi- 
ets.” he told me. “He did not need Robert 
Oppeohefruer's collusion” to do so. 

Mr. Oppenheimer makes an easy tar- 
get because be was later accused of be- 
ing a Soviet spy and was stripped of his 
security clearance in 1954. He was exon- 
erated of espionage charges, however. 

In 1943, for example, he alerted a Man- 
hattan Prcgect security officer, Boris L 
Pash, who secretly recorded their conver- 
sation. **I know of two or three cases, and 
I think two of the men are with me at Los 
Alamos," Mr. Oppenheimer said to Mr. 
Pash. “They told me they were contact- 
ed” for information. He added, “Of 
course ... it is treasonable." 

I recently challenged the Schecters 
with this information. They were un- 
aware it existed. I cannot speak to tbe 
credibility of the rest of this noxious 
book, but the chapter on “Atomic 
Spies” is gumshoe braggadocio. 


Respite lor Southeast Asia? 

Regarding “For Southeast Asia. 
a Crucial Respite ” (Opinion, April 29) 
by Marvin On: 

Mr. Ott suggests that “many South- 
east Asians wul volunteer a judgment 
that U.S. forces bought the region a 
critical decade that was used to fend off 
the Communist challenge and build the 
vibrant countries we see today." 

In fact, a number of Southeast Asians 
will disagree with this. Was it really a 
crucial respite or one that was more 
cruel than crucial? 

The “respite” Mr. Ott speaks of was 
essentially an aberration to the natural 
logical and progressive development of 
the countries of Southeast Asia. What 
did those years really mean? 

First, the war was a tragedy of enor- 
mous proportions for the people of 
Southeast Asia and for Americans, too. 
The U.S. miliiapr involvement in Viet- 
nam cost America enormously in trea- 
sure and die lives of its youth. By trying 

activities of the then fledgling organiza- 
tion ASEAN. 

Fourth, the “respite" theory does not 
fully consider the fact that all countries 
of the ASEAN region pulled themselves 
up economically despite pervasive pov- 
erty, Communist subversion and a po- 
tentially crippling reliance cm monothe- 
matic economic structures. 

The achievements of the ASEAN 
countries owe much to political leader- 
ship and tbe hard work of its population. 

challenge. Sngap^’s evolution ^fram a 
colonial outpost into a vibrant, modem 
economy was the achievement of Lee 
Kuan Yew. Malaysia, after tbe civil dis- 

king Cold War. The Korean and Afghan- 
istan wars were other such campaigns on 
the periphery of Eurasia. AG served the 
purpose of implementing the policy of 
containment as first explicated by George 
Kerman — even though Mr. Kerman lat- 
er got cold feet and claimed that he had 
been misunderstood. 

1 realize this all sounds terribly Cold 
War-ish and troglodyticaDy old-fash- 
ioned. Fortunately, it’s also true. 



Back to Ihe Bassics 

tmbances of May 1969, achieved pro- 
gress in restructuring sodefy and abousb- 

The writer, author of “The Making of 
the Atomic Bomb, ” is at work on a book 

to shore up a corrupt regime in Vietnam, 
the United Stales forestalled tbe natural 

about the Soviet and U.S. hydrogen bomb 
projects. He contributed this comment to 
The Hew York Times. 

outside myjprovipce to suggest the pro- had no right to look at 1 

to such delicate 

cedures appropriate to such delicate, 
problems of st at e sma nship.” 

Mr. F ermi is the least Ekely suspect of 
the scientists Mr. Sudoplatov smears. 

Mr. Fuchs, who subsequently con- 
fessed to passing detailed plans erf the 
phitonmm bomb to the Soviet Union in 
1945, was part of a British contingent 

Letters intended for publication 
should be addressed Letters to the 
Editor ” and contain the writer's sig- 
nature, name and full address. Let- 
ter: should be brief and are suiyea to 
editing. We cannot be responsible for 
the return of unsolicited manuscripts. 

the United States forestalled tbe natural 
and nationalistic development of Viet- 
nam. Tbe human losses in Vietnam were 
of even greater proportions. 

Second, the expansion erf American 
military operations into Cambodia led 
directly to the ousting of Prince Siha- 
nouk, which in turn was the critical 
be ginning of the Khmer Rouge arrival in 
power. Pol Pol and the rest of his Khmer 
Rouge cohorts laid waste an entire soci- 
ety. What sort of respite was this? 

Third, Cold War calculations atro- 
phied and misdirected regional coopera- 
tion. This was especially evident in the 

gross in restructuring society and abolish- 
ing poverty and has rapidly industrialized 
drnmg tbe Mahathir administration. In- 
donesia, under President Suharto, laid 
the foundation for its current growth. 

Tbe common judgment of America’s 
military involvement in Vietnam is in 
many ways the cornea judgment: It was 
totally misconceived, totally misman- 
aged and ultimately pointless. 


Kuala Lumpur. 

Mr, On is quite correct in saying that 
the Vietnam War must be considered in a 
broader context Tbe U JS. involvement in 
Vietnam gave the countries of Somheast 
Asia the crucial respite from Communist 

As an American musician living in 
Paris, I have made your newspaper an 
important fixture in my expatriate life. I 
am an addin of the Opinion pages, look 
forward to Michael Zwerin on jazz, fol- 
low American basketball in the Sports 
pages, and am a recent Dave Barry con- 
vert. But ray confidence has been shaken. 

A photo caption in your April 16 issue 
refers to “a musician playing his cello in 
the centa of Sarajevo on Friday." As one 
who plays it, I can assure you that the 
instrument pictured is that noble beast of 
suing instruments, the double bass. 


subversion that they needed to develop 
into the strong, stable and market-orient- 
ed nations that they are today. 

In an even broader context, tbe Viet- 
nam conflict should be seen as a cam- 
paign on the Eurasian periphery in the 

An article submitted to the Internation- 
al Herald Tribune appeared in this news- 
paper on March 29 entitled “They Don't 
Rattle the Cage but the Bars Are Still 
There.* It has been learned that the same 
article was submitted by the writer to The 
Wall Street Journal Europe and had ap- 
peared in that newspaper as welL 



MENCKEN: A Biography 

By Fred Hobson. 650 pages. $35. 
Random House. 

Reviewed by Bruce Bawer 


T hirty-eight years after 
his death, HI L. Mendren re- 


of American writers. The 1989 pub- 
lication of parts erf Ids diary occa- 
sioned a surprisingly fierce pub® 3 

debato over whether Aenmnw^a 

Edmund Wilson hailed as the civt- 
lized consciousness of modm 



“Mencken" is the first ofsevenu 

HinwsmhKS to draw on 

•BfflT. Jones, American dan cer 
and choreographer, is reading 
“Black Holes and Baby Universes," 
by Stephen Hawking. 

• only understand about 50 per- 
cent of the book, but I get a reli- 
gious experience freon patears and 
the uncertainty principle in p articl e 
physics. It is exti emtay consforting 
to read about the infinitely sm all 

and the infirritely large." . 

-• (Rani Amelan, IHT) 

— tr * 

mprfan and American Mercury 
editor who coined the terms “Bi- 
ble belt" and “booboisre," and 
never tired of mocking preachers. 

This book, in short, never takes 
flight. Too much of it reads like a 
plodding annotated catalogue of 
wiring s and friendships. Hobson 
can’t tell a fanny story, and has 
little to say about Mencken’i'Etas- 
terwork, “The American Lan- 
guage.” Yet Hobson has ms mo- 
rants. He does a . fine job on 
Meoduii as family, roan, arguing 
that tts'iconodasbc views were a 

mark of filial loyalty — far those 
views were acquired from his Ger- 

. Tn»m Immi gr a nt father, 

“He was as rigid a drinker," ob- 
serves Hobson, “as the American 
Pu ritans he So vilified.” Indeed, 
thfwig h be shaped countless opin- 
ions, Mencken was himself weQ» 
njgh immu ne to influence, taking 
for granted that people come 
equipped with certain prejucfices 
and seeing it as his role simply to 
speak from his own.' ' 

Mencken bristled with paradox. 
Often dismiss ed as a philistine, he 
was the first American editor to 

publish James Joyce. Though he 
could be a generous friend (even 
paying Fjnma Goldman’s medical 
bifls), he treated his longtime mis- 
tress shabbily and responded 
heartlessly to two friends’ sui- 
cides. He was also heartless about 
war. During World War I he 
wrote, 4 la Nietzsche, that “War is 
a good thing because it is honest, 
because it admits the central fact 
of human nature. ... A nation 
too long at peace becomes a sort of 
gigantic old maid.” World War II 
he applauded as a “grand show.” 
But to Mencken all of life was a 
show — a distraction from what 
he saw as the meaninglessness of 

What of Mencken’s racial 
views? Hobson aptly describes 
them as a “mixture of enlighten- 
ment, paternalism, and racial ste- 
reotyping.” On the one hand, he 
called blacks “darkeys" and com- 
pared them 10 gorillas; on the oth- 
er, be commissioned articles by 
Macks on race issues and was, for 
his time, unusually supportive of 
equal rights for blacks. Likewise, 
though fie slurred Jews as “lakes," 
Mencken went to great effort and 
expense to save German Jewish 

friends from Hitler and rebuked 
FDR in print for not relaxing quo- 
tas so that Jews might enter the 
United States. 

Was Mencken a bigot? To judge 
by his personal tolerance, civil- 
nghis advocacy, and friendships 
with Jews and blacks, he wasn’t; to 
judge by his drawing of private 
distinctions, assertion of a right to 
discriminate, and use of offensive 
epithets, he was. 

Does it mailer that he spread 
those epithets around, mocking 
Christianity more titan Ik did Ju- 
daism, and ridiculing poor South- 
ern whites more than he did blacks? 
If the test is whether one sees peo- 
ple as individuals or generalizes 
about groups, Mencken fails: He 
generalized but made exceptions — 
generally for people who be fell 
had risen above their group's “un- 
civilized” traits. In his time, this 
approach marked him as enlight- 
ened; today, for many, it makes 
him a bigot. Part of the equation is 
that he enstrasted anyone who pro- 
fessed concern for the welfare of 
strangers, despising “do-gooders" 
and ‘Vice crusaders” alike. To him. 
civic responsibility meant taking 
care of one’s own. 

If Mencken was endowed with 
rare insight into human failings — 
an insight that made possible his 
prediction, in 1922, that there 
would be “a colossal massacre erf 
Jews” in Germany and, in 1927, 
that there would be wartime round- 
ups of Japanese- Americans in the 
United States — he was loath to 
look beyond those failings into the 
mystery of meaning. He scorned 
introspection; his diaries include 
thoughts on almost everything ex- 
cept his own depths. Not so Ed- 
mund Wilson, who succeeded him 
as America’s all-purpose critical 

By Alan Truscott 

S OUTH bid quickly to four 1 
hearts after West had opened 
one spade and East had passed. 

lowed West’s queen to win, throw- 
ing a spade from the dummy. He 
hoped that West would have to 

Yet if Mencken’s outragpousness 
makes ii hard for some to take him 
as seriously as they do Wilson, the 
colorful contrarian Baltimorean is, 
for many, a cultural hero in a way 
that Wilson could never be. Hob- 
son doesn’t quite capture that hero; 
one looks forward to a biography 
that does. 

Bruce Bawer, whose books include 
two rotations of literary essays and 
“ A Place at the Table: The Gay 
Individual in American Society, ” 
wrote this for The Washington Post. 

West led tbe ace and another heart, 
and South could count five trump 
tricks, a ruff in the dummy, ana 
three top winners in tbe minor, 
suits. To make a tenth be needed to 
score a trick with the spade king or 

the club jack. It was highly proba- 
ble that West bdd both toe spade 
ace and the dub queen. 

After winning the second trick. 
South led to tbe diamond ace and 
raffed a diamond, crying to ranqye 
West's potential exit cards in dia- 
monds- He then cashed the A-K of 
dubs and readied this position; 




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lead a spade; hut West produced 
the dub ten. Luckily for South, tins, 
was the highest remaining chib, so' 
he threw the Vast spade from the 
dummy and a spade from his hand. 

West bad scored two unexpected 
club tricks, but he now, at long last, 
had to lead a spade. Whether or not 
he led the ace, South could score 
the spade king and a ruff, losing no 
spade tricks and making the game. 

9 742 
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Beth skies were vulnerable. The 

South led tbe club jack and al- 

est North East 

* Pass Pass 

ibs Pass Pass 

West led Die heart ace. 

, , TV( (»SE FORTH. \ COI \ TFO 
CAI ' C'. V NO, " I K IS NO 
F Ii O >1 A N 

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International Herald Tribune 
Friday, May 6, 1994 
Page 10 

Z Z 7 

* • ?r -M0r. uf'- ^ * 

j/ m Bechtel, reigning champ, and Binion's Horseshoe in Las Vegas . siie of the World Poker Championship. 

Check Your Nerves at the Door 

By David Spanier 

L as VEGAS — You 
might imagine that the 
World Poker Champion- 
ship al Binion’s Horse- 
shoe casino m downtown Las Ve- 
gas is a roiling, moiling, no-holds- 
barred joust of hustlers, rustlers 
and Western dudes in ten-gallon 
bats, betting the ranch on a pair of 
aces. .And you would be half right. 

But only half, because the annual 
poker championship, which opens 
Monday, is a thinking man's con- 

True, it is ah about betting high 
and keeping vour nerve facing 
S 100,000 raises. Bui at the same 
linn* it is a distinctly cerebral chal- 
lenge. The winner is the player who 
can outthink and outplay his oppo- 
nents. rather than the biggest bluff- 
er. For Tour days and nights, the 
only words you can hear across the 
hushed floor of the casino card 
room will be "bet." “call" and 
“raise.” Every few minutes a hap- 
less player can be seen staggering 
away from the tables, clutching his 
head in anguish, as his dreams of El 
Dorado bite the dust. 

A few women, too, sharp as dia- 
monds, purses between their feet 
under the chair, will be jammed in. 
elbow to elbow with the cowboys. 
So far. no woman has come 
through to the final table of six 

players, who will shoot it out for 
fust prize of SI million. 

first prize of SI million. 

Expert opinion holds that one of 

these days, a woman will be there. 
“A chip and a chair is all you 
neaL" as the Vegas saying has it. 
Quite a few chips, in fact, because 
the entry fee to the world champi- 
onship, which has lured more than 
200 players, is S 10.000 a head. 

This is the 25th year the Horse- 
shoe has staged the championship. 
From a friendly little game be- 
tween a few cronies of the late, 
great swashbuckler Benny Binion. 
who started it all back in 1970, the 
championship has grown into a 
multinullion-dollar, media-hyped 
contest between the world's top 
poker players. More than $8 mil- 
lion in prize money is expected to 
be won (and lost) during the tour- 
nament. The players mainly come 
from Texas and the southwest of 
the United States, but the event 
attracts players from wherever 
poker is played, including the Far 
East and Europe, with England and 
Ireland well represented. 

“We see the championship as a 
test of skill and endurance.” said 
Jade Binion. the casino's owner. 
“All you've got to do is catch the 
right cards at the right time.” 

As befits Benny's son and heir. 
Jack plays a mean hand of poker 
himself. He will open the champi- 
onship on Monday at noon with 
the brief command. “Shuffle up 
and deal.” and some 80 hours later 
will deliver a mighty stack of S100 
bills (under the watchful eyes of 

The game played in the world 
championship is Texas Hold ’em, 
currently the most popular brand 
of poker in America. TTiough Hold 
’em looks simple — just two cards 
to each player in the hole, followed 
by five cards dealt face up in com- 
mon — it is, in practice, a game of 
subtle ty and skill, which requires 
card sense, courage, psychology 
and bluff in about equal measure. 

“It’s a positional game, more like 
chess." as the old-time gambler 
Jimmy the Greek explained. Plus, 
as Jack Binion says, a good slice of 
luck. The game, originating in Tex- 
as, is said to be so named because 
of players’ exuberant yells to the 
dealer — “Hold 'em?'* — when 
they hit a good hand. 

L AST year a lean, soft- 
spoken, 4 1 -year-old cot- 
ton farmer from Arizona. 
Jim Bechtel, took the ti- 
tle. At the final table, he succeeded 
in outplaying one of the Vegas pros 

in a miUion-doUar pot That left 

him with a huge mountain of chips, 
the best pan of a couple of million, 
and an easy task to knock out his 
last opponent. 

“'rhere are no fluke winners of 
the world championship." said 
Bechtel “Only different styles." 
Bechtd's play, like all strong play- 
ers, is founded on percentages, but 
with that extra, dangerous edge of 
knowing when to move in and 
break another player. 

two armed guards) to the elated, 
exhausted winner. 

“Sometimes you don't even 
know what it is about a man which 
tells you the moment has come to 
clean him out.” he says. 

A “tell” can be as fleeting as a 
pulse movement in the throat, a 
half-tone change in the voice, an 
almost subliminal sense that the 
other fellow is not happy with his 
hand. “If you ain't a tiger, baby, 
forget ill” was Jimmy the Greek's 
warning to young hopefuls from 
out of town, trying their luck. 

The championship is “freeze- 
ouL," meaning that the winner has 
to be the sole survivor of the origi- 
nal 200 players before he emerges 
as victor. The players lake a break 
between sessions, for the routine 
chores of living, such as a snack or 
a nap, but not for long. 

The only known cure for being 
busted at poker is to get into anoth- 
er game. So most of the losers are 
immediately back in action in one 
of the side games on the fringe of 
the main event. These gomes run 
nonstop, night and day. from 25 
cent antes Tor the tourists up to 
stakes in the high thousands. 

Set on the famous crossroads of 
“Glitter Gulch.” Binion's Horse- 
shoe is very different from the gor- 
geous palaces up on the Strip. 
There is no music no cabaret, do 
frills. The place remains what it 
always was — an old-fashioned 
gambling hall, boasting the highest 

^ n B h cb cTc. a b B_fr=_nnii'a =.sJKS ». ='? ii B.Br=g;g,= 


One hundred jnd two. to be precise. The Grst century of which l 

belonged to a centipede that had the temerity to plummet j 

onto the unsuspecting salad of a well-known author. Hands ^ 

instantly went up in the air. plate indignantly went down on 

the floor. Only to be spirited away by a passing sommelier. $ 

Who reappeared magically with a rather splendid '82 Salon. Yet 3 

another choice morsel of v <j5s7iE?x. , l ,e legend that is Raffles. 2 
nag' A 2 

i r if* if> i\TH'*nn\ u umti >r i**» r «vi •»!> jj« ?t.s» 

■ With the French law re- 
stricting the use of foreign 
words on its way to ap- _ 
proval a company is selling 
help on France's Minitel 
system, well known for its 
electronic phone book. 

Just L^p 3617 DICO, and for a 
fee you connect with “Le _ 
Dictionnaire Td&madque." 
How’s that for marketing? 
Woops, make that mercatique. 



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Hitting the Heights 

- : . - .-.-a .V.;- ' ■ 

gambling hall, boasting the highest 
limits on Earth. 

It's where a man goes when he 
wants to bet a million bucks on a 
quick roll of the dice or a single 
spin of ihe wheel. But ii also at- 
tracts nickel-and-dirae gamblers, 
by offering the cheapest dinner in 
town, a 12-ounce steak For $2. 

“Dealin’ high! That's what gam- 
blers want!” old Benny Binion used 
to say. “If you’ve got a high limit 
and the dice get hot, a man's got a 
chance to win a lor of money." 

He also has a chance to lose a lot 
of money, but the poker players 
don't worry about that. 

David Spanier is a British journal- 
ist who often writes about gambling. 

By Ken Shulman 

F LORENCE — I really shouldn't 
make fun of my mother. After all. 
she did accompany me on the dou- 
ble Ferris wheel at Nantasket’s 

Paragon Park in Massachusetts when I was 
8. Having gone beyond — and especially 
above — the standard canons of maternal 
heroics, it is altogether understandable that 
she should now balk at the opportunity to 
scramble on the concentric scaffolding that 
gilds the inner walls or Filippo Brunelles- 
chi's massive cupola al the cathedral of San- 
ta Maria del FLone, belter known as the 
Florence Duo mo. 

“IH wait for you here on the floor.” she 
says to me and my 70-year-old father, taking 
a book out of her bag and looking for a place 
to siL Since the five-year restoration of the 
36,000 square feet (3,340 square meters) of 
frescoes on the cupola's interior was com- 
pleted in January, the Florence Supcrin ten- 
dancy of Monumems has offered visitors a 
rare opportunity: the chance to climb onto 
erne of the world's most ingenious restora- 
tion bridges. Today our guide is Riccardo 
Dalla Negra, the architect who has directed 
the 10-year structural analysis of the cupola. 

.As ihe elevator creeps up its 60-meter 
shaft, he tells us of the cupola's four princi- 
pal lesions. 

“It has to do with the enormous weight of 
the structure,” he explains. “The cupola 
weighs 25,000 tons, and lends to expand in 
summer and contract in winter. The weight 
and the thermal dynamic combined to create 
these cracks." 

If my mother were with us, I think as the 
elevator lurches to a halt. I'd have to assure 
her that these lesions are old: they first ap- 
peared in the 16th century, less than a centu- 
ry after the cupola was finished in 1436. The 
cupola is safe. I'd tell her. 

As we step out to the bottom of the 16- 
level restoration bridge, I tel) my father how 

Restoration work at the Duonw. 

the frescoes were begun in 1572 by Giorgio 
Vasari, who worked on them until his death 
in 1574. and how a painter from the south 
named Federico Zuccari was chosen to suc- 
ceed Vasari. His style and technique dif- 
fered markedly from his predecessors. 

This is my third visit to the staging. I know 
it well. I remember the figure - — that the 
space between me and the far side of the 
cupola's octagonal base is only 45 meters — 
but it appears an immense sea. The sloping 
a re tic create a vortex that contorts both light 
and sound- 1 feel the muffling, grave sensa- 
tion of being in the belly of this brick and 
red-tile whale. 

What I don’t remember from the first two 
visits is my legs trembling, as they are now. 
Dalla Negra leads us up a series of ladders. 
Like a veteran restorer, my father follows 
him. Fighting lo remain calm — suddenly I 
feel like James Darren floating through the 
Time Tunnel in the old television series of 
the same name — 1 somehow keep apace. All 
1 want is to get back to earth. But Dalla 
Negra takes us skyward; the figures on the 

walls change as cfonfc ' 
demons Haying the skin p£ 


into Hefl. Bom xnv fett and 

me where things 

Finally, when mi 
guide says it is tbne'ta 
pence of the, bottom. totapj: which paftp S-' • 
the imminence of 1 solid 
senses and spirits. ! evciLSndti^^hBrBswS 
al to tell my father that &rar 
was mastff of the worts 
tion of his Cttpola, he had •a.' riBhSn jjfl^ 7 
stalled on the bridge so Jns worirerYwo^^ 1 . 
lose so much time dimhirig doigg ; 

time and up again after th&f midday 

My father haatf t.noriceA:tIatag ^^l 1 
amiss with me. Neither has 
would be embarrassiriglf ■ 

the floor, time, space and motHa^ha^^ 
restored to equifibrinnL Wefipdsy i®^ 
in the pews of thenftJ&At^jaast,4SS^i* : .' ’ 
to stay warm. I check my watd^iit^w 
hoar and a half has passed "riscc wcfcfife; 

“It was fascinating Cyntitia; l 7 ^j^ 
says. “Wc saw the pamtiiigs tiiB ddsfe^ 

you can't imagine what that dmnelS^^e ' 

from inside. This is going to ’ 

of my trip." 

‘Tm glad you went, n shes^^^L.-;. 
paperback Updike back ,-mto 
you all right,* she asksmeu,. 

“Sure,” I bluff, but halfbE^iedly^ifef . 
was little, my mother could, djagnoseife^- 
from across the room. “Why 

“I don’t know,” she says. 
little wan. Sort of like I. did after Igaftffjfe 
Ferns wheeL" • - - 


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mf*:, ... ... 

rfi* 2 ". • 

ffii j?- 

The cupola can be visited in 
on Monday, Wednesday and FridiZfknjujk 
May 31. Phone (55) 21 3-741 fqrnsafi^, ■_ 

Ken Shidman is m Am^ica&w^Su} 
in Italy. 

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Thumbelina and Mr. Beetle in “ ThumbeJina **; Jamie 


Directed by Don JBluth and 
Cary Goldman. U. S. 

If there is an underlying message 
in Don Blutfa's animated musi- 
cal “Hans Christian Andersen's 
Thumbelina,” it is that nice little 
girls with big dreams should stay 
as far away from show business 
as possible. The parade or char- 
acters who try to manipulate and 
possess Thumbelina (Jodi Ben- 
son), a tiny 16-vear-dd girl who 
springs magically from the cen- 
ter of a flower, are a rogue's 
gallery of unwholesome show- 
business types. When not ogling 
and pawing the thumb-size girl 
they promise her a grubby, com- 
promised notoriety on the lower 
rungs of the show-business lad- 
der. With her soaring girlish 
voice. Benson makes an ideal 
Thumbelina. and Barbara Cook, 
as her mother, is winning. But 
Gary ImhofTs prince has a wa- 
vering voice and a bland appear- 
ance that make him less than 
dreamy. Barry Manilow’s tunes 
are sweetly hummable. On an 
obvious level this is a fable 
about being true to your heart, it 
also upholds the notion that 
fame and fortune aren't worth a 
hill of beans compared to the 
love of a good old-fashioned 

(Stephen Holden. NYT) 

Leslie Nielsen in another of 
those films created from “Po- 
lice Squad," the TV series. As 
pennilessly plotted as ever, this 
one manages to be not only still 
funny but energetically slapped 
together and occasionally in- 
ventive. It opens with an intri- 
cately choreographed parody 
aimed at both high and low 
comic thresholds. A restaging 
of Brian De Palma's homage to 
the Odessa Steps sequence from 
Sergei Eisenstein's “Pot emkin, " 
ii features a veritable cavalry 
charge of baby carriages. There 
is less success in zinging “Thel- 
ma and Louise,” “The Crying 
Game” and prison movie con- 
ventions. Lieutenant Frank 
Drebin (Nielsen), protected 

Marsh, left, and Edward Furlong in “Brmnscafcf? Z 

country house where this de- tells what hmpeasto i&^ 
Kgbtful, often moving comedy old Michael (EdwaidPofegl, 
of manners is set Especially in who dearly spends^. 
love and romance, which seem time indoras. TlKTdcaxif^' 

from potential admirers by a 
pair of iron pants, goes to pris- 

pair of iron pants, goes to pris- 
on undercover to befriend 
Rocco (Fred Ward), a terrorist 
being paid S3 million to blow 
up the Academy Awards. In his 
idiotic efforts to defuse the 
bomb, Drebin creates a blast on 
his own, wreaking havoc on the 
ceremonies and its participants. 
Priscilla Presley, reprising her 
saucy role as Mrs. Drebin, alas 
is almost lost in a failed subplot 
aimed to spoof the conventions 
of childless heroines with baby 
angst. I Rita Kempley, HT) 

Naked Gun 33%: The 
Final Insult 

Directed by Peter SegaL U. S. 
Nobody makes an easier target 
than those white guys in suits. 
Ergo, the triumphant return of 

Man lad SenUmentall 

Directed by Simona Izzo. Ita- 

From falling doorknobs to a 
stalled furnace to a bee-infested 
study, it seems as if nothing will 
go right in the large, decadent 

more like a malady or curse 
than a balm or an adventure. A 
colorful spectrum of an overall 
emotive breakdown, “Maniad 
Sentimentali" (“Sentimental 
Maniacs”) illustrates the range 
of poisons that can pollute rela- 
tionships between willing, af- 
fectionate, and amorous adults. 
It is the day of Mara and Luca’s 
twin daughters' first commu- 
nion. Mara’s two sisters arrive, 
along with Luca's sister, and his 
besttriend, a dissolute but lov- 
ably resolute bachelor named 
Sandro. Each of the visitors suf- 
fers from male cTamore, and 
looks toward Mara or Luca for 
solace. Yet the apparently solid 
couple is fast plummeting into a 
crisis that boils over during the 
family lunch after the church 
service, transforming what 
should be a celebration of unity 
and continuity into an unnerv- 
ing ramHy tragedy. Ricky Tog- 
□azzi (Luca) and Barbara de 
Rossi (Mara) both are excellent 
as frustrated thirty some thing 
spouses who have let their mar- 
riage slip away from them. But 
Alessandro Benvenuti (Sandro) 
steals the show as the bachelor 
who unfurls a spirit of noble 
sacrifice to offer the feu ding 
couple a chance at tree recon- 
ciliation. (Ken Shulman, IHT) 


Directed by John Flvnn. U. S. 
“Brainscan" makes a case for the 

long, hearty camping trip as it 

chad’s room hwiwfcjLjj 
noose hangfatt frbm^ECpItt 
horror add neayy4nefld_fe- 
facts, abundantaofic^^?® 
computer e quipm ebtandjt^' 
dal chair in wind Mfcfadc* 
at when he feds fijmtewfig¥ 
senses Masted by. atg 
above. He film js abcntwH 

“the ultimate e^aieiH*&5A b . : - 
active terror/’ amt tests (hem- 
its of tcchrahorrorasa sp atttg . - 
sport. Goaded hf 
horror-crazed^ v fnenfrwg 
Marsh), he decido'td ^® 
video game of tto.t^v 
expects nothing 
when the BramOTijC3>^£. 
arrives in the nafl- BCt fey* 
lures Michad. 
what may or may 
of mnroerous 

makes him The 

Trickster (t. 

foppish vfllain viitwc :r| ' : ® 

suggests an wfag-w MSKV 

very bad day. _Tfc 

springs out of 

non set to ask 

be burning questknsn^ 

real, what's the 

lang as you don’t 

But “Brainscan” is - 

ed in probing the 

tions of Miduffs bs trig® 

high-tech hefl thm»«P”?5 

than in its Mgfa-tcdr ffft «gp 

ster.^He mayjiBl 


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A Gnai Wimn Hmel 
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International Herald Tribune " 
Friday, May 6, 1994 
Page II 

Paris Cafes: 
New Tables 
For Spring 

P sfaaish &**‘^*k™ 


k4S Sh a l b^if spot is Les Boo- 
cookinir tk- ^ updated French home 

Sm^lldSl *2? V™* thc stove u Wit 

coSdnf^?? w % > ^ w <»n praise for his 
SStof Bistro * L’Etofle 

Bookmistes (an anglicized 

Savo^J r* 6 # ^ renc * 1 for bookseller) is 

22tP* venture across the Seine, and a 

»cem viat suggests it is a sure hiL 

in l?*2 ) ' aeal ? btro loo)LS onto Ae quai, and 

S "“o™ onto the 

French Trains: Improved Service? 

By Barry James 

International Herald Tribune 

NksMc Akb/IHT 

deteines filled with bittersweet chocolate and 
served with vanilla- rich ice cream. 

• , ~ "*«*uw UWICS WUl 

adew^c, Ledeufl strikes it right with skn- 
f flavored, mod- 

££• far * “ “tensely unvoreo, m0 c- 

jraveraons erf whal he was once fed by a 
ootog grandmother in the Loire Valley. 

cod, or eobiilaud, crushes it 

and sautfe it m viiTgm olive oil, adds a touch 

SriRS* 1 5PS2* ^ a bit °f cream > *or a 

wflham and light salad of branded*. Huge 
■white mushrooms are stuffed with a Paring 
placed polenta, then grilled and set in a 
mushr oom broth. Many di»ia w t such 
as beef with carrots, arrive onrevisecL just 
moust, chewy strips of beef topped with an 
avalanche of carrots. With this, drink the 95 
franc a 117) Chateau de Fesles, a fresh red 
from old cabernet vines in Anjou, a vineyard 
oywseen by the pastry king Gaston Laibtre. 
My favonte dessert is oversized, warm ma- 

Grand caf6s remain Paris's forte, and Pa- 
risians have already made the new Caf£ 
Marly the city center meeting spot. It doesn’t 
hurl that this homey-elegant Napoleon 111 
cafe looks out on LM. Pei’s glass pyramid in 
the Louvre's main courtyard, as wed as the 
stunning, skylit interior Cour Richelieu, part 
of the massive renovation of the museum. 
Come June, tables will spill out onto the 
Louvre terrace. Come for single cups of 
bracing espresso, a platter of roast chicken, 
or a wedge of Camembert, enjoy the soft 
classical music and take in the clever blend 
of old and new architecture. The bathrooms 
rate an architectural award of their own. 

The Cafe Ladochme’s menu reads much 
like a computer printout of hundreds of 
Vietnamese/Thai/ Chinese restaurants. Vet, 
a dean colonial decor, waiters in chic beige 
sOk, and a clientele that would beat home in 
Samt-Tropez, have made this one of the 

hottest dining spots of the season. The food 
is good enough to go back for a second 
round, and though service is hesitant, one 
can count on some crispy deep-fried rou- 
leaux saigonnais served with plenty of greens 
for wrapping and sauce for dipping, and a 
properly piquant salade de boeuf. showered 
with fresh tongue- tingling Thai peppers and 
a healthy ration of watercress. 

Les Bookmistes, 53 Quai des Grands -Au- 
gustins, Paris 6; tel: 43-25-45-94. Closed Sat- 
urday at hatch and Sunday. Credit card: Visa. 
American Express. 160-franc hatch menu, 75- 
franc plat au bar, a la carte, 180 francs, 
including service but not nine. 

Le Cafe Marly, Palais du Louvre, CourNa- 
poleon, 93 Rue de Rrvoli. Paris l. tel : 49-26- 
06-60. Open daily, 8 A.M. to 2 A.M. Credit 
card: Visa, American Express, Diner's Club. 
Menu : 1 50 francs, including service and wine 

Cafi Indochine . 195 Rue du Faubourg 
Saint-Honori, Paris 8. tel: 53-75-15-63. 
Closed Saturday at lunch and Sunday. Credit 
card: Visa A la carte, 250 to 300 francs. 

P ARIS — It may not seem like it 
from the frustration of passengers 
trying to wrestle rickets from fiend- 
ishly complex electronic terminals, 
but French railways say that problems with 
Socrate, its computerized reservation sys- 
tem, are almost over. 

S6basriea Bachollet, who is responsible 
for the system, acknowledged that the ease 
of communication between customer and 
machine is not ail that it should be. He said 
the most urgent priority is to simplify and 
speed up the electronic displays on the auto- 
matic booking machines in the stations. 

But he said the number of complaints 
from passengers is sharply down, while staff 
would not for the world want to gp back to 
the old system of thumbing through thick 
books of fare and route structures. 

Socrate, an off-the-shelf purchase from 
American Airlines, was widely seen as typi- 
fying the engineering-oriented culture at 
SNCF, the French state railroad company, 
which has one of the world's most advanced 
networks of high-speed trains. 

That network will take a major step for- 
ward with the opening of the tunnel under 
the English Channel, enabling a three-hour 
service between Paris and London, competi- 
tive with airline services. The northern link 
will later be extended to Belgium and Ger- 
many, and there are plans — but as yet 
insufficient financing — to extend the net- 
work toward the east 

rather than hundreds, and thus more fare 
and travel combinations. 

Graindozge said the system, inaugurated a 
year ago, was put into service long before it 
was ready, with an inadequately trained 
staff. Passengers were left to cope with a 
seriously user-unfriendly system, without 
preparation or information. 

He said that the management should have . 
stopped the experiment there and then, but 
that it obstinately continued to patch the 

A government official 
cites the Socrate reservation 
system as an example of 
how not to run a railroad. 

Jacques Graindorge. an Economy Minis- 
try official brought in last year to report on 
the company's service, cites Socrate as an 
example of how not to run a railroad. 

He told (he daily Le Monde that it was 
introduced without taking the needs of pas- 
sengers into account. It was designed for an 
airline, and not for the more complex needs 
of a railroad with thousands of destinations 

system together as best it could, for example 
by nHHitig destinations that engineers had 
forgotten to write into the original program. 

As a result, he said, “it took six months for 
the system to become acceptable and nearly 
a year before it worked correctly.” 

Socrate, was supposed to simplify the rail- 
way network and make it more flexible, 
which in operational terms it has, according 
to BacboUeL The company is now able to 
revise schedules and timetables with relative- 
ly simple programming changes. The system 
now covers about 3,000 destinations in 
France and 10,000 abroad 

The program is designed to maximize rev- 
enues for SNCF by using yield techniques 
famili ar to airline passengers. Busy tr ains are 

more expensive. Off-peak services are ac- 

tbem. Passengers who bode in advance will 
generally And better deals than those who 
turn up at the last minute. This is combined 
with a maze of special tariffs covering large 
sectors of the population. The introduction 
erf Socrate coincided with a fare increase. 

leading passengers to suspect that the reser- 
vation system was specifically introduced to 
conceal the higher prices. 

Because of the recession, there were 8 
percent fewer passengers in 1993 than in 
1992, and SNCF piled up a 7.7 billion franc 
($13 billion) deficit. 

Despite the problems involved in putting 
Socrate into service, Bacboflet said SNCF 
could not have done otherwise but to have 
bought the system. 

It had three choices, he said. Either it 
could have attempted to continue with its 
old reservation system, which was becoming 
increasingly unwieldy and ill-adapted. Or it 
could have developed its own system from 
scratch, a risk that nobody was prepared to 
take. Or it could have bought an already 
tried airline system. Since the high-speed 
network competes directly with the airlines 
cm routes of up to about three hours, this 
seemed to be the logical way to go. Bachollet 
came from the reservation system of Air 
Inter, the French domestic airline, to help 
install Socrate. 

One of the advantages of the system is that 
booking terminals can be installed anywhere 
there is enough business, and not just in 
railway stations. For example, terminals 
have been installed in mihiaiy barracks, with 
the special militar y fares included on the 
screen. SNCF says it win put more booking 
clerks at busy stations this summer and wifi 
make it easier to buy or modify tickets for 
the preservation-only high-speed trains at 
the last minute. 

The installation of 1.500 booking ma- 
chines at suburban, stations has been a par- 
ticular source of frustration. The system is 
slow, leading to long lines of impatient pas- 

Asked why certain machines never seemed 
to function, BachoDet replied that “people 
tend to kick them a lot." He promised, how- 
ever, that the machines will be speeded up 
and that the “dialogue" between 
and compute' will be am pHRed. Meant 
prepare to be patient 



Buenos Aires 

Museum of Modern Art, tel: 46- 
9426. To June 30: "Works by'the 
COBRA group." COBRA was found- 
ed In 1948 as an fotomattonai art 
movement taking its name from the 
first letters of the European capitals of 
thef ounders: Copenhagen, Brussels 
and Amsterdam. The exhibition fea- 
tures 150 pajntings, sculptures and 
documents by Karel Appel, Comeflte, 
Constant, Asger Jam, Pforre Ale- 
chinsky and Lucebert on loan from a 
private collection. ' 

530-293. May 1 2 to June 2: Features 
performances by the BBC Philgr- 
monic Orchestra and the Orchestra 
National de France, along with Czech 



NabonalMuseet, tel. (45) 33-13-44- 
11, dosed Mondays. To July 3: 
"White on Black: images of Blacks in 
Western Popular Culture." Images 
and objects that il laminate prejudice 
against Africans and Afro-Americans 
in Europe and America. Mapping the 
role ana development of black ste- 
reotypes in the West from 1800 up 
until today. 


Osterreichlscties' Museum for 
AngewandteKunst «al: (tj 71 1-36, 
dosed. Mondays. Continuing/To 
of BeautyrArftt-- 
lecture of fe StaSn Era. " Features 
atihitocWcaf dee^qs, skdehes and, 
modete dembristrailng Hie utopian >- 
force of Stalest erchflectara. Posters 
using the theme of architecture as 
propaganda are also on show. -• 


Meree Met 

Centre de la VteUte Charitft, tek 91- 
;56-2&38, closed Mondays.. To June 
12: “Poemes de Marbra Art des 

1 Features 7D works in mar- 
ble arid terra-cotta from the Cyda- 
0 6. C M 



Musfie Ptantbi-Moretus, tel: (3) 
s. To July 

233-02-94, dosed Mondays 
24: “Gdrsrd Mercator et la 
jrte dans las Pays-Bas Merfdran- 
bujl" A celebration ert the fourth an- 
niversary of Mercator's death, the 
exhibition features some original 
maps drawn by the cartographer, as 
wefl as works by other Flemish car- 
tographers of the 16th century. 

dee, dating from 3000 to 1500 1 
and discovered in the 18th century. 


Muato des Beaux-Arts, tel: 40-41- 
06-65, dosed Tuesdays. To May 30. 
"B Gusto Bdpgnese: La Peinture Ba- 
roque de rEmifie-Romagne." Fea- 
tures 17th-century paintings from 

inducting works by Lodo- 
and his 

Tour Japonafee, tel: (2) 741-7211, 
closed Mondays. To May 15: Au 
Temps des Shoguns: Les ArtsDecor- 
atrts de I’Epoque Modeme au Ja- 
pon." Features more than 100 works, 

mduefing ceramics, textUes, larauer : 
work and weapons from the Kins® 
period. The exhibits, from the Nation- 
al Museum in Tokyo, date from in© 
rrM-iGth cemury to the 1850s. 



National GaUery of Scotland, tot: 
1 31 > 556-8921 . open daHy. To July 
10: ^'Raphael: The Pursuit of Perfec- 
tion." The genesis of “BrWgew^ 
mo ""The Holy Family with a 
— 1 "Madonna del Pas- 

Pa3m Tree 

Pam Tree" and - Madonna «* rw 
senrao” e explored through prepera- 
{J^Skwings and technical mtornia- 

Tkni. - ..... 

Sottish National Gafiery of Mod- 

tel: (31 .) “SffiihSE 


turns 40 bronze- JSrJS 

SOJuna. — 



Europe., the United 

vioo Carrad and his cousins Agos- 
tmo and AnnRxtie. Guido Reni and 
Domentoo Zampteri. At the same 
time, the museum is presenting its 
coflection of 150 Rattan paintings 
gathered by a private oottector at the 
end of the 18th century, and Includ- 
ing works by^ Tintoretto, Perugino and 


Centre Georges Pompidou, let 44- 
78-12-33, closed Tuesdays. To June 
6; "Sol LeWItt." 200 drawings includ- 
ing e WaD Drawing, created between 
1958 and 1993 and using different 
techniques such as color pencils, 
watercotof, ink or chalk. 

Domaine de Bagatelle, tel: 45-01- 
20-10, open daily. To July 31: "Kyo- 
to-Paris-Kyoto: 1200 Ans d’ln- 
fluences."^ The exhEbttion is housed in 
the Chateau and in the Trianon and 
features 18th- and 19th-century 
western furniture and porcelain 
showing the Influence of Japan. It 
also documents the activities of the 

five Kyoto kobo, the renowned work- 
shops that keep up the traditional arts 
of embroidery, textile dyeing and 

Grand Palais, tel: 44-13-17-17, 
dosed Tuesdays- Continuing/To 
Ald. 28: '•Impressbonnisme: Les Ort- 
nmes, 1659-1 869." Focuses on the 
influences that led young painters 
such as Monet, Renew, Pissarro, Ma- 
net and Degas to Impressionism. 
Works by Boutfin. Cezanne, Courbet 
and WhisBer are among the 180 
works exhibited. - Conimuing/To 
June 13: “Lb Sotefl et rQofle du 
Noat La France et la Suede au I8e 
Secte.” Paintings, sculptures, art ob- 
jects and archHeeturai designs shpw- 
Ing cultural exchanges between 

with Mark Tucker, Geoffrey Dolton 
and Mary Plazas. May 20 and 22. 



Empress Place Museum, tel: 336- 
73-33. open daily. Continuing/To 
July 1994: ‘War and Ritual: Trea- 
sures of the Warring States." An ex- 
hibition of Chinese bronze culture 
from the Warring States period (475- 



Fundadd Joan MlrO, tel: (93) 329- 
1908, closed Mondays. To June 19: 
"Robert Mapplethorpe." An exhibi- 
tion of 200 of his best-known photo- 
graphs, including nudes, flowers and 
portraits of celebrities. Also features 
the platinum prints on linen of 1987 
where the artist merges elements of 
painting and ctf phonography. 

Museu Picasso, tel: (93) 319-63- 
10, closed Mondays. To June 26; 
"La VUnguanfia Rusa." Features 83 
paintings by more than 30 artists 
whose styles represent the major sty- 
Hsfic trends of Russian avant-garde - 
constructivism, cubo-futurism, neo- 

Fort Worth 

KhnbeU Art Museum, lei: (817) 
332-8451 , open daily. To Aug. 14: 
"Impressionist Masterpieces from 
the Barnes Collection: Cezanne to 
Matisse." 80 French impressionist, 
postimpressionist and early modem 
paintings from the collection of Dr. 
Albert C. Barnes (1072-1951). In- 
cludes paintings by Manet, Renoir, 
Seurat and Picasso. 


The J. Paul Getty Museum, tel: 
(31Q) 459-7611, dosed Mondays. 
To July 10: "Fbuquet's Century: 
Transformations in French Painting. 
1415-1530." Focuses on the artistic 
influences on Jean Fouquet, the 
French painter and illuminator, as 
wefl as his Impact and legacy. 

Brooklyn Museum, tel: (212) 63B- 

5000. To Sept. 4: "Louise Bourgeois: 
Locus of Memory, Works 1982- 
1993." 25 sculptures and 30 works 
on paper executed in a variety of 
media, among them watercofor, 
charcoal, orange peel and gouache. 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, tel: 

primitivism. Suprematism. Indudes - 

works by KonchaJovski, Malevich 570-3791, clo sed Mwidays. 

To July 31 : Petrus Chrtstus: Renas- 

and Goncharova. 


Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, td: 
467-50-62, closed Tuesdays. To 
June 13: "Lucian Freud." Lucian 
Freud, the Beriin-bom grandson of 
Sigmund Freud, with highly realistic 
nudes, portrays family members, lov- 
ers and friends. 


From left: Cycladic idol shown in Marseille; photograph of World War II cartoonist Bill Mauldin, in Washington; 
Fronds Bacon painting in Oslo, and detail of Petrus Christus's * Portrait of a Lady” in New York. 

deme Arcftitektur in Deutschland 
1900 bis i960: Q mra aa lonlamua und 
Naue Sachbchkest." Features the 
trends in German city architecture in 
the '20s. at a time of sodai and politi- 
cal Instability. Such architects as Bru- 
no Taut and Martin Wagner who built 
housing In Baffin. Ernst May in Frank- 
furt and Whelm Riphahn in Cologne 
are represented. 

Documenta-Hafle. tel; (561) 10-75- 
21, cfosed Mondays. To June 26: 
“Bernard Buffet” A retrospective of 
the expressive paintings of the con- 
temporary French artist. 


Stadtische Galerie im Lenbach- 
haus. tel: (89) 233-320-00, closed 
Mondays. To May 23: "Expressfonis- 
tische Bikter aus der Sammlung der 
Firmengruppe Ahlers." Features 
scene 50 German expressionist pamt- 
ings, drawings and graphic designs. 

rks by Beckmann. Kan- 
Jrchrier, Macke aid Noide. 

as David and 



Dalmaru Museum, tel: (6) 343- 
1231. dosed Wednesdays. To May 
16: "Masterpieces ot French 19th- 
century Art from the Collections of 
Glasgow Museums." Industrialists 
from the Industrial Revolution donat- 
ed many of their collections to the 
Glasgow Museum. On show are 
works of the Barbizon School, real- 
ists and impression Isis with artists 
such as Millet, Monet. Renoir and van 

Palazzo Grassi, tel; (41 ) 522-1375, 
open daily. Continuing/To New. 6: 
"Rrnasdmento - Da Brunelleschi a 
Michelangelo: La Rappresentazione 
defl’ Archrteftura." Following the res- 
toration of Antonio da San gal Jo'5 
1539 wood model of the Basilica d 
San Pietro, the exhibit features 30 
architectural models built during the 
15th and 16fh centuries. 



Astrup Foam ley Musset for Mo- 
dems Kunst, ta: (2) 22-93-60-60. 
To Oct. 9: "Double Reality." Features 
English figurative paintings by Lucian 
Freud, David Hockney, Francis Ba- 
con and Leon Kossoff. 






The Israel Museum, tel: (2) 708- 
S1 1. open daily. Continuing/To 
Aug. 29: "Back to the Shied: An-Sky 
and the Jewish Ethnographic Expedi- 
tion 1912-1914." Life wftfun the pale 
of settlement before World War J. 
centering on objects collected by the 
expedition and rapt in the State Eth- 
nographic Museum In St. Petersburg. 

Musee National d'HistoIre et d'Art, 
tel: 47-93-30, closed Mondays. To 
May 29: "Orfevrenes de la Maison 
Rcyale de Danemark." This exhibi- 
tion features works by Parisian silver- 
smiths Thomas Germain. Antoine- 
Sebastien Durand Robert -Joseph 
Augusta for the Court ot Denmark, as 

weft as silver items by Danish artists 
of the 18th century. 


Teatro National de Sflo Carlos, tel; 
346-8408. Stravinski's "The Rake's 
Progress," directed by David Roger, 
conducted by Mark Wlpgleswortti. 

Antfken museum Basel, tel: (61) 
271-2202, dosed Mondays. To June 
26: "Fompeji Wieder Entdeckt." Wall 
paintings, sculptures, jewelry and 
pottery buried at Pompeii after the 
eruption of ML Vesuvius in A. D. 79. 

Petti Palais, tel: (22) 346-14-33. 
open dally. To June 12: "Mofsa Kisl- 
Vng: Le Prince de Montparnasse." A 
retrospective d the works of me Pol- 
ish-bom artist, whose atelier became 
the meeting place for such artists as 
Mocfigflani, Soutine and Picasso. The 
exhibition features portraits, land- 
scapes aid still lifes. 


Musde Otympique. tel: (21) 621- 
65-1 1 . open daily. To SepL 4: "Mlro: 
Matters et Contour." More than 40 
sculptures created between 1946 

and 1 974, including works In bronze, 
of tf 

and engravings of the late "60s and 

sance Master of Bruges." Features 
the works of 15th-century Dutch 
master Petrus Chrtetus, including 22 
paintings that are remarkable tor their 
luminosity, six drawings and an illu- 
minated manuscript 
Museo del Barrio, tel: (212) 831- 
7272, closed Mondays and Tues- 
days. To Aug. 14: "Reclaiming Histo- 
ry. 'The first of a three-part exhibition 
exploring fhe theme of dialogue. Thir- 
ty Latin American artists have been 
invited to generate a visual dialogue 
between one piece of art chosen 
from the Museum's collection and 
one of their creations. 

The Museum for African Art lef: 
(212) 966-1313, dosed Mondays: 
To Aug. 7: "Western Artists: African 
Art." 20 contemporary artists have 
selected African objects from their 
personal art collections, to show and 
explain the significance ot African art 
for their work. Artists Indude Loma 
Simpson, Frank Stella, Franyo 
Schindler and Ellsworth Kelly. 

■M Kl— rail,. ■1 


National Portrait Gallery, tel: (202) 
357-2700. open daily. To Sept 5: 
“Reporting the War: Journalistic 
Coverage of World War II." Features 
the lives and work of World War 11 
Journalists, including Ernie Pyle, Ed- 
ward R. Murrow, Margaret Bourke- 
White and Ernest Hemingway, who 

b^^itnews from the European and 

i theaters to the home front 


dean and tents*. 

France and Sweden under the aegis 
of King Gustavois III In life efforts 10 
emulate the Court of Versailles. 




Concert Hall, tel: 728- 
A complete performance of 
Beriioz's "Lae Troyans," conducted 
by Michel Pfasson with mu 
Behrens, tsabette Vemat and 
Merritt. May B and 12. 


HaDnW8f ^f SSrtMuseum, 
Victoria riaity. The re- 

Sk»>dinavisches Musiktestival jm 
Konzerthaus,tet: (20) 90-21 -00- T o 


Teatro alia Scale, tel: (2) 80-91 -60. 
Verdi's "Rfcpatetto." Directed by Gil- 
bert Dfiflo. conducted by Riccardo 
Muti/Mauri2io Beritni, with Hccardo 
Ferrari and Leo Nucci. May 14. 18. 
21 and June 3, 6, 9, 13. 15, 17, 28 
and 30. 

May it: Baritowelcaraes orchestras,. Dublin - 

condurflpre and sotoista liromDen- (fW| Museum of Modem Art, tel: 


Van Gogh Museum, tel: (20 ) 570- 
5200, open daily. Continulng/To 
May 20: "Pierre Puvis de Cha- 
vannes." More man 150 portraits, 
still litas, landscapes and drawings by 
the French painter (1 824-1 KH3). 
known for his Arcadian themes and 
his murals on the Sorbonne, Panthe- 
on and city hall walls in Paris. 


mances of worts by Edrard Grieg. 

Cart Nielsen and AmeNordheftn. 


M^uml-uriwig .teh C^I) 221-23; 
79 closed Mondays. To July ifc 
■<Der Unbekarwte Modigliani: Die 
Sammlung Paul 

wsteroolofs cre ^“- 4 v ^ 

1 907 and 1914.Bnd 

ErpaS Alexandra, who became flie 

S^pSS^hfearrivalln Paris 

in 1906- 

with Oeboran Voigt. Ben 

(1) 671-8668, closed Mondays, To 
Aua 21: "Labour In Art" Showing a 
historical retrospective of Irish labor 
from the mW-idtii 10 the m»d-20th 
centuries. A commentary by the jour- 
nafist Fatten O'Toole tells the tale. 


(?) 24-51' 

atec*^** Y 0 Oct. 9: 

issortrtiert Be- 


Shorter and James Moms (May 
^[jvScn^ LombarcS/wWi Aprite; 

Miner and 



Kyoto.Nationat Museum, tel: (75) 
541-1151, closed Mondays. To May 
15: "Japanese Dynasties." Dynastic 
art. from the late Heian Period, 
marked by the maturity of the aristoc- 
racy, » the Kamakura and Muroma- 
chi periods, when the warrior class 
began toacqulra real power. Aspects 
of aristocratic society are shown In 
Buddhist paintings, calligraphy and 


r Osaka Municipal Museum, fel: (6) 

^d the fir* act of^Wagnart 771-4674, closed Mondays. To May 
SStore," with Waltraud Malar, ^291 “Grand exhibition ot Napoleon. " 

ri^HoriJerusaiern and.Malti Sa*r An exhibition fntrodudng.the legacy 
tNrd act of “Gotterttea- qf the French hero through various 

fnifjan « f 

Jones and 
May 14).; 

tak C2) w ,:(69) 

Archttektur-Mwettm., itejew 
2f ^2-38471 To July 3: . wrtt&Q, 

artifacts. Among the features are his 
"/arid the empress’s crowns, his favor- 

ite jewelry, letters in his own hand- 

arid portraits painted by such 


Ar Golf Plaza Hotel, in Sairae-Maxime 
- Special - 
“les Proven^ales" 
fix Ascension or Pentecost weekends 
1,800 FF 

Golf, Relaxation.... 

- 2 nights facing the sea and the gulf of Saint-Tnopez 
(extra night ;400ff per person) 

- beauty-treatment at the ‘Espace Phytomer" 
on 2 days and per peison 
- 2 green fees per person 
- 2 lunches or dinners at the Gub House 
(excluding beiemgps) 

• This rate is per person and in double room, 
including breakfast 




Tefc 33- 94. 56-66.66 

Rate the world's best restaurants 
with Patricia Wells. 

The IHT's restaurant critic has set out 
on a rare and ambitious gastronomic ioumev. 
search for the 10 best restaurants in 


She will be rating in month-to-month 
articles, the top restaurants from region to 
region, and comparing them to one another. 

Whether it's the best in dim sum, 
delicious but secret sushi bars or the finest of 
French tables, she will guide readers with 
articles about inexpensive restaurants as well 
as the erand ones in the world's major cities. 
She will also share her tips on how to select 
quality restaurants in 

Don 't miss this series. 



Patricia Wells is the author of The Food 
Lover's Guide to Paris, now in its 
third edition. 


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Study Says 
SEC Should 



By Saul Hansell 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — A congressional 
study of the complex financial 
products known as derivatives wiD 
recommend that the U.S. Securities 
and Exchange Commission be giv- 
en broad powers to regulate dealers 
and corporate users of the instru- 
ments, according to people who 
have serai versions erf the report It 
is scheduled to be released May ] 8. 

Although the report dkxs not con- 
dude the derivatives market has cre- 
ated inappropriate fmmdat risks, it 
win also present a long list erf other 
changes to laws and regulations to 
deal with derivatives. 

The GAO has shown drafts of 
the report to several dozen finan- 
cial regulators and industry offi- 
cials in recent weeks. 

A House subcommittee that had 
requested the study also said 
Wednesday that it would hold the 
first trf tote hearings on deriva- 
tives next week. 

Derivatives are a broad clam of 
financial transactions whose value 
is tied to — or derived from — the 
movements in another market, 
such as stocks, interest rates, cur- 
rencies or commodities. While 
some derivatives, like stock options 
and financial futures contracts, 
have long beat traded on organized 
exchanges, a huge over-the-counter 

O international H«rakl Tribune 

market has arisen in recent years. 

Some central bankets and regula- 
tors have expressed concerns that 
the complexity and rapid rise of 
derivatives could create risks among 
users or dealers that may dude the 
traditional legal, accounting and 
regulatory framework. The concerns 
have been faded by disclosures by 
Procter & Gamble Co. and other 
companies that they lost millions of 
dollars in derivatives transactions. 

The report criticized senior man- 
agers at corporations and dealers 
for not having sufficient knowledge 
of their firms* derivatives activities. 

According to people who have 
seen the report, the most significant 
recommendation is that companies 
that are derivatives dealers and not 
supervised by bank regulators 
should be regulated by the SEC. 

The Polyglot Operator 

U.S. Phone Companies Target Immigrants 

By Sandra Sugawara 

Washington Post Service 

WASHINGTON — At MCI Communications 
Inc's newest customer service center in Pentagon 
City in Virginia, you never know what language 
you'll hear. Row after row of employees wearing 
headsets sit at computer terminals, ide-peddling 
the long-distance phone company's services in 
Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, Thai and Japanese. 

The changing ethnic face of the United States is 
creating an explosion of international calling by 
immi grant* who want to stay in touch with the 
home country. Long-distance companies are 
scrambling to target these ever-proliferating cus- 
tomers — an estimated 800,000 immigrants are 
pouring into the United Stales each year. 

And most spend more than U.S.-bom custom- 
ers. On the average, said Mark A Schweitzer, MCI 
director of international marketing, South Korean 
' " ants spend more than five times as much on 

dance as does the average local resident, 
ing to Asia is growing eight times faster 
than domestic long-distance calling,” be said. 

Among his customers is John Rim, a Korean 
immigrant who works in Washington. He calls his 
family back home two or three tunes a month, he 
said, adding that most Koreans he knows in the 
United States call Korea regularly. Mr. Kim says 
it’s 'Very nice" to be able to ask detailed questions 
in his native language. 

Such customers have helped expand transborder 
ca ll in g by consumers into a $6 billion business in 
1992. It is the fastest-growing and most profitable 
segment of the U.S. longdistance market. 

MCI, AT&T Corp. and Sprint Corp. have con- 
cluded that to expand their share of the business 
they must speak these customers' lan g ua g es Each 
has hired Asian, Hispanic and other ethnic market- 
ing and advertising firms to launch ad campaign* 
and storefront outreach programs thm are geared 
in often meticulous detaifio specific ethnic groups. 

AT&T has three separate TV ads shot with three 
different casts — Koran, Chinese and Japanese — 
showing grandparents in foreign lands listening to 
their U.S.-bom grandchild cry over the phone. 

The Korean grandparents sing a Korean lullaby 

and coo the appropriate Korean baby talk, while 
the Japanese and Chinese versions reflect songs 
and baby talk from those cultures, said Jackie 
Moray, AT&T director of multicultural marketing. 

Asian and Spanish-speaking immigr ants, the 
largest and fastest-growing immigrant groups, are 
the most heavily targeted. But companies also are 
focusing resources on other emerging groups, such 
as Russian and Eastern European immigrants. 

MCTs ambitious plans are most apparent in the 
company’s new nmltumUkm-doDar Asian Center on 
two floors of a glass high-rise butidingin Arlington, 
Virginia. It’s one of a naif dozen Mu colters that 
cater to ntm- English-speaking customers. 

The coiter employs 75 customer service and 
sales people who between them speak most of the 
major East and Southeast Asian languages. MCI 
officials expect to double that number by the end 
of the year. 

Sprint and AT&T have similar foreign-language 
operations. In fact, Storint took the outreach ap- 
proach one step funner. More than a year ago, 
Sprint executives approached a group of Chinese 
community leaders in San Francisco and Los An- 
geles with an unusual joint venture proposal. The 
result was the Asian American Association, which 
is largely funded by Sprint. 

The association has a dual function: One is to 
help new Asian immigrants get «mliman*d to the 
United Stales by explaining things such as medical 
care, schools and how to find shops. The second is 
to market Sprint services to those new immigrants, 
as well as to the rest of the Asian community. 

AT&T also has set up a 24-hour over-the-phone 
translation service staffed by hundreds of inter- 
preters who speak about 140 languages in all The 
interpreters work out of their homes, with a com- 
puter system hooking them up by phone to cus- 
tomers. In essence, the system sets op a three-way 
conference call. The interpreter listens to both 
parties and translates. Prices range from $2.20 a 
minute to $2.60 a minute during the day, and $230 
to $430 at night and on weekends. 

AT&T has offered the service for about five 
years, but it has taken off recently, said an AT&T 

BP Net Soars 
As Cost-Cutting 
Moves Pay Off 

Schimmelbusch Named to New Job 

Bloomberg Businas News 

NEW YORK — Heinz Schim- 
mclbusch. who was fired as chief 
executive of the German industrial 
conglomerate MetaDgesellscbaft 
AG after the company almost went 
bankrupt, got another job less than 
six months after his ouster. 

Safeguard Srientifics Inc. lured 
Mr. Scmmmelbnsh to head a new 
subsidiary. Safeguard Internation- 

al Group, which will provide ven- 
ture capital for companies overseas 

and primarily in Europe. 
“We believe 

believe that be has a great 
amount of talent and connections 
in Europe,” said Steve Rosard, cor- 
porate counsel of the Wayne, Penn- 
sylvania-based company. “He gives 
us entree into many European mar- 
kets, which we otherwise would 
have taken a great deal of time and 

Thinking Ahead /Commentary 

A Breath of Fresh Air From Japan 

- By Reginald Dale 

International Herald Tribune 

W ASHINGTON — A young 
woman from Tokyo this week 
treated Washington’s jaded Ja- 
panologists to a breath of fresh 
air. As erf Thursday, Yoriko Koike was vice 
ftrfnictrr in charge of deregulation and ad- 
uhmstratiem, although she said she expected 
to be fired soon as part of Japan’s continuing 
political shakeup. She was busy h a n d in g out 
ministerial business- cards as “souvenirs.” 

A founding member of former Prime Min- 
ister Morihii® Hosakawa’s New Japan Party 
and a TV anchorwoman by profession, the 

promising the same reforms as Ms. Koike, 
and (hoi an endless string of government 
leaders dodging fundamental change. 

Mr. Hosaknwa, he said, still had his speak- 
ing notes written by the very same bureaucrat 
as his predecessors — and Mr. Hosokawa’s 
successor, Tsutomu Hata, hardly looked like 
a reformer either. 

Ms. Koike readily accepted it would be 
difficult for Japan's new generation of politi- 
cians to overpower the entrenched bureau- 

A vice minister said 

Japan’s political TBig 

Ban s’ Prearrange the 
* landscape. 

to blasting open the Japanese political and 
economic system. 

She said Japan’s political “Big Bang, 
which wffl totally rearrange the party land- 
scape, is dose at hand. “Changes m Japan 
historically take place as a result of external 
pressures. This is the very first change which 
comes from inside Japan," she said. 

•Whether or not Japan is actually changing 

is, of course, the fUndamarta? ^estiOTjim 

U-S policy. President Bffl ClinKm bdieves 
japan wffl only change if it is bashed rate 

subSssiOT by American tra^oressmr. Ms. 
Kmke insists fee changes already un< ^ ^ 
^ the United Stales ^ou!d 


hrftare — a young generation m the 19608 

y. She conceded that Mr. Hosakawa 
I in not graspin g the chance to reform the 
budget — stm controlled by Finance Minis- 
try officials — and fire a few top bureaucrats 
before his abrupt resignation. 

Reform, die said, should contain three 
strands: public access to inf ta rna ti on , 

monopolized up to now by die bureaucrats; 
the recent law allowing individuals and com- 
panies to go to court against red tape; and a 
new parliamentary mechanism to supervise 
the bureancracy. 

Consumers should be taught the advan- 
tages of deregulation and should mobilize 
against the old system. But that won’t be 
easy, either. As a member of Ms. Koike’s 
am&oce pointed out, Japanese housewives 
recently demonstrated against rice imports 
when, as consumers, they should have been 
demonstrating in favor of them. 

And, Ms. Koike complained, Japanese par- 
liamentarians are hamstrung by lack of staff. 
As vice minister, she has a staff of five, only- 
three of whom are paid by the taxpayer. 

Ms. Koike said she traveled to the United 
Stales alone because it would have been too 
much trouble looking after her secretary, who 
doesn’t speak English. 

Such sad stories didn't move tire hard- 
hearted Washingtonians, who don’t believe 
Japan even wants to mend its ways. Where, 
they »«tad, are the signs of popular demand 
for change, where are the people demonstrat- 
ing in the streets for economic reform? 

The institute’s Alan Toneison told Ms. 
Kdke he just didn’t believe the Japanese 
public and the country’s leaders thought ibeir 
economic system was fundamentally wrong. 
Politicians were conveniently using the bu- 
reaucrats, and "political mechanisms,” as a 
great excuse for inaction. 

Too often the desire for political reform, 
which existed, was confused with a desire for 
economic reform, which did not. And, Mr. 
Toadson added, the impetus for political 
reform was in any case little more than 
mounting embarrassment about corruption. 

For 20 years, be said, U.S. policy had been 
based on the assumption that the Japanese 
ran sumer was being mercilessly exploited 
and a consumer revolt was just around tire 
coma. But in fact the system had worked 
very well for the average Japanese. 

After hearing Ms. Koike out, the skeptics 
still felt the burden of proof was on her. But, 
as she prepared to hem bade to Tokyo with 
her dwindling supply erf business cards, they 
did at least admit that they hoped she was 

expense to develop. ' 

Safeguard officials declined to 

reveal how much Mr. Schimmel- 
busch wffl be paid. He officially 
joined the company last week. 

Safeguard is an information sys- 
tems company that manages and 
crates computer-related business- 
es. The company had $1.7 billion in 
sales last year. 

Mr. Sdumrodbusch, who had 
been called Germany’s manager of 
the year in 1991, has been a Safe- 
guard director for the past five 
years. “He’s a friend of the company 
and be knows bow it operates,” said 
James Hartke, director of research 
at Laid! aw Equities Inc. 

“I met him. He's a sharp guy 
with a wide range of knowledge,” 
Mr. Hartke said. 

Mr. Schimmelbusch could not be 
reached for comment. 

Metallgesellschafi fired Mr. 
Schimmelbusch on Dec. 17 amid 
allegations he was part of an effort 

to hide 23 Whoa Deutsche marks 
(SI billion) in losses related to oil- 
futures trading by its main U.S. 
unit, MetaUgeseflschaft Corp. 

Because of the losses, the compa- 
ny’s big bank creditors had to come 
to its rescue with a 3.4 billion DM 
bailout package. 

Mr. Schimmdbusch spent 20 
years at Metallgesellschafi, a 
Frankfurt-based mining, and met- 
als company. After the firing, he 
left Germany amid civil suits and 
countersuits filed by shareholders, 
creditor banks and company man- 

MetaUgesdlschaft is seeking to 
recover damages against Mr. 
Schimmelbusch and Meinhard 
Forster, the former chief financial 
officer of the company. 

Frankfurt prosecutors ordered 
Mr. Schimmelbusch’s German 
borne searched in March amid its 
investigation of allegations of fraud 
and tax evasion. 

The scandal may hinder Mr. 
Schimmdbosch's ability to open 
businesses in Germany, Mr. Ro- 
sard said 

“As far as the rest of Europe, be 
may have more problems than be 
would have six months ago. but we 
still think he has excellent connec- 
tions which are still in good stand- 
ing despite the negative publicity 
he has incurred,” Mr. Rosard said. 

Compiled tp Our Stiff From Dispatches 

LONDON — British Petroleum 
Co. said Thursday that earnings 
surged in the first quarter despite a 
sharp drop in oil prices as the bene- 
fits of two years of cost-cutting 
paid off. 

The company reported that its 
current-cost net income rose 31.7 
to £328 millin n ($492 mil- 
for the first quarter, surpris- 
ing the markets, which had expect- 
ed a figure of about £250 mwion. 
Current-cost profit values ofl in- 
ventories at current market prices. 

The company also surprised the 
market with the announcement 
that it would raise its dividend to 
23 pence from 2.1 pence. Analysts 
had generally forecast an increase 
later in the year but not at this 

"They came out with a whop- 
per,” said Chris Buckley, an oil 
analyst at Goldman, Sachs & Co. 
“I don’t think any of os expected it 
to come this soon,” said Mr. Buck- 
ley, referring to the payout in- 

“They are really superb figures 
and shew Bp’s determmation to get 
its cost-cutting measures through 
and make than stick,” said Ste- 
phen Turner, an oil analyst at No- 

The company cut its dividend in 
half in August 1992 when a board- 
room upheaval led to a drive to 
slash costs. BP said it planned to 
raise the dividend “progressively u> 
more appropriate levels as further 
performance improvements are de- 

The company’s share surged 
from an opening price of 386 pence 
to reach a high of 410 pence. It 
dosed at 399 pence. 

“The results were strong right 
across the board,” said Simon 
Flowers, an oil analyst at NalWest 
Markets. “The decision to increase 
the dividend shows just how confi- 
dent the company now is about the 

“These are excellent results, and 
they've managed to do it in a very 
nasty environment,” said Gordon 
Gray, dl industry analyst at Salo- 
mon Brothers Inc., who rates BP 
shares a “buy.” 

BP said the rise in earnings came 
from a combination of cost-cutting 
measures, good downstream mar- 
gins in the United States, lower 
interest charges and a return to 
profitability in hs chemicals divi- 

“The operating numbers axe 
good right across the board, and 
they cannot be attributed to a fluke 
in any one operating division,” said 
Mr. Turner. 

BP said that refining margins in 
the United States in the first quar- 
ter had been helped by improved 
economic activity and die unusual- 
ly cold weather. 

BP has slashed about $1 billion 
in costs since 1991 About S100 

China OH 

Market in 


SINGAPORE — China's 
growing demand for oil has 
forced at least one trf its stale 
oil firms to default on export 
sales to foreign traders, indus- 
try sources said Thursday. 

“Domestic usage seems to 
be the top priority, and that is 
giving problems to exports," a 
Singapore trader sa id, adding 
that he has been unable to ob- 
tain gasoil and gasoline car- 
goes purchased earlier from 
China International United 
Petroleum & Chemicals Co. 

Chaos in China’s oil market 
also prompted the Shanghai 
Petroleum Exchange, the 
country’s largest oil market, to 
suspend trading Thursday to 
curb market speculation that 
was sending prices higher, 
the government also has 

products. Certain im- 
ports will still be allowed until 
May 20, but only if special 
documents are presented, 
sources said. All imports will 
be banned from May 20 to at 
least July 1. 

After July 1, the number of 
that can import 
or products wffl be se- 
verely reduced By limiting the 
number of importers, Beijing 
hopes it can win bade some 
control over the chaotic energy 
industry, traders said. 

But the moves sent specula- 
tors flocking to buy on the 
Shanghai market. Trading in 
petrol and diesel futures was 
halted Thursday just a few 
minutes after the market 

“We took this emergency 
measure because prices soared 

See CHINA, Page 17 

million of the profit in the current 
tire resuli 

quarter was tire result oi lower 
costs, said BP Chief Executive Da- 
vid Simon. 

He said that the company has 
been “playing catch-up" with other 

cal majors such as Chevron Corp. 
and Mobil Corp. in increasing its 
return on capital as a result of its 
past debt problems. 

BPs return on capital has risen 
to 93 percent from 7 percent, but it 
is stiU below the average retain for 
the industry of 103 percent, Mr. 
Simon said The company's goal is 
about 13 percent to 14 percent, be 

The company generated enough 
cash to repay $593 million in debt, 
mostly in U.S. dollars, reducing its 
total borrowings to 78 percent of 
equity from 85 percent at the end of 
1993. Mr. Simon said the goal was 
66 percent by the end of the year, or 
about $11 bQUon. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg, AFX) 

Euro Disney 
Pares Loss 


PARIS — Euro Disney SCA said 
late Thursday that its first-half oper- 
ating loss narrowed to 1.05 billion 
French francs ($187 million) in tire 
period to March 31. from SI. 18 bil- 
lion a year earlier, reflecting reduced 
expenses and low interest rates. 

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tnoorbxsj Now York Coma (junei 

The theme park operator pro- 
posed to halve the par value of its 
shares, to 5 francs. It also proposed 
to offer warrants to shareholders to 
purchase shares for 10 years at 40 
francs. Its stock fell to 32.40 francs 
from 33.10 on the Bourse Thurs- 
day, but trading ended hours be- 
fore the announcements. 

Sales fell to 1.57 billion francs 
from 1.79 billion. The company 
said its net loss was 1.05 billion 
francs, down from 4.23 billion 
francs, with the difference from op- 
erating results linked to a change in 
accounting methods for cumulative 
start-up and preopening costs. 

Euro Disney said 92 percent of 
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restructuring plan and that it 
would call a general meeting soon 
to approve the program. The re- 
structuring includes a 6 billion 
franc capital increase that would 
create new shares at about 10 
francs each in a rights issue. Walt 
Disney Co, which owns 49 percent 
of Euro Dimey, is to subscribe to 
all trf the shares apportioned to it. 

Euro Disney credited a 25 per- 
cent reduction in general and ad- 
ministrative expenses and reduced 
lease payments linked to low inter- 
est rales for its improved resuli in 
the latest six-moqth period. 

The company said its proposed 
warrants were an addition to the 
restructuring plan, which was an- 
nounced on Marvh_1.4. 

Measures included in the re- 
structuring did not affect the latest 
results, but they are expected to be 
shown in the second half of the 
current financial year. 

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Wall Street Listless 
Before Jobs Data 

Compiled in Oar Staff Fran Dispatches 

NEW YORK — Wail Street was 
listless on Thursday, with investors 
reluctant to take large positions be- 
fore Friday, when the Labor De- 
partment will release employment 
data for April. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age closed down 1.78 points at 

U.S. Stocfcg 

3,695.97. On the New York Stock 
Exchan g e , gaining issues narrowly 
edged losing issues on light volume 
of around 250 milli on shares. 

Securities investors also were on 
edge before the report, with the 
price of the benchmark 30-year 
Treasury bond steady at 87-00 and 
the yield steady at 7.33 percent. 

If the employment report shows 
a lower unemployment rate or the 
creation of more jobs than econo- 
mists expect, it could be interpreted 
as inflationary and drive stock and 
bond prices lower. It also could 
prompt the Federal Reserve Board 
to raise interest rales, as it has in 
the pasL 

“The market is going to be on 
edge until the Fed shows its hand," 
said Steven Saslow. executive man- 
aging director at Carroll McEntee 
& McGinley, 

Among active stocks, FPL 
Group, the parent of Florida Power 
& Light, fell 2V4 to 31 '4 on concerns 
the company would not raise its 

Dollar Stages a Rally 

Bloomberg Business News 

NEW YORK. — The doflar ral- 
lied against the Deutsche mark and 
the yen on Thursday amid specula- 
tion that the world's central banks 
might team up again soon to sup- 
port the U.S. currency. 

The Federal Reserve and more 
than a dozen other central banks 

Foreign Exchange 

bought dollars Wednesday to hall 
the currency’s recent slump. There 
was no sign of central bank buying 
Thursday, traders said, but they 
cautioned that the banks might 
jump in again if the dollar resumes 

its slide. 

The dollar rose Thursday to 
close at 1.6665 Deutsche marks, up 
from 1.6545 DM. and to 101835 
yen from 101.845 yen. 

“Central bankers accomplished 
what they set out to do," said Kevin 
Lawrie, foreign-exchange manager 
at Mellon Bank in Pittsburgh. “The 
dollar is higher, at least for now." 

“There bas been a significant 
change in U.S. policy on the dol- 
lar.” said Paul Farrell, manager of 

quarterly dividend at its board 
meetiug'Monday and that the trend 
would continue through 1995. 

A downgrade from Merrill 
Lynch & Co. to hold from buy also 
hurt FPL stock. 

Kmart was the most actively 
traded Big Board issue, slipping X 
to 15 X after saying that sales in 
U.S. stores open at least a year 
slipped 3.2 percent in April. 

By contrast. Sears, which said 
same-store sales rose 12.3 percent 
in April jumped 1W to48X. 

Southwest Airlines fell 1 J * to 
28£ on concern about potential 
difficulties with a new reservation 
system and the recent sale of stock 
by at least one major company in- 
sider. Analysts said there was some 
big-block trading of the stock 

Oil stocks were Lifted by an in- 
crease in crude oil prices on the 
New York Mercantile Exchange. 
Crude for June delivery rose 43 
cents a barrel to SI 7.29. Texaco 
rose X to 63 J 4, and British Petro- , 
leum’s American depositary re- j 
ceipts rose 2 19/32 to 71 15/32. BP 
also was lifted after repo ning fa- 
vorable first-quarter earnings. 

Sapiens International plunged 
3X to 4Vj after reporting a loss for 
the first quarter, compared with 
breaking even in the 1993 quarter. 
Analysts had expected the compa- 
ny to post a gain. 

( Bloomberg, AP ) 


4S83-.- .i- 1*94 

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RJR Nab 



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45 V. 

38 Sb 



31 H 



40 Mi 






44 ’b 



69, . 



24 Sb 


30 Ik 


Host Actives 





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— W 

I 19 







— V|. 




















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— M, 

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AMEX Most Actives 

strategic currency trading at Chase 
Manhattan Bank. 

The dollar had fallen as much as 
9 percent against the yen this year 
amid speculation that the Clinton 
administration wanted a strong yen 
in order to cut its trade deficit with 

“The dollar's weakness against 
the yen was seeping into other ex- 
change rates and other markets," 
Mr. Farrell said. That is why the 
White House backed off its tacit 
strong-yen policy, be said 

But many traders expected the 
dollar to resume its tumble, regard- 
less of the centra] bank's efforts. 

“They put a band-aid on the dol- 
lar," said Victor Polce. head of for- 
eign-exchange marketing at Com- 

Mr. Polce said that the dollar 
would resume its slide if U.S. 
stocks and bonds fell. 

Against other currencies, the 
dollar dosed Thursday at 1.4155 
Swiss francs, little changed from 
1.4160 francs on Wednesday, and 
at 5.7113 French francs, up from 
5.6640 francs. The pound slipped 
to 51.4985 from 51.5020. 









IV, • 





20 ■* 



— V, 






— Vu 














4660 3W lt 



— Vu 


4258 27V. 

25 fa 

76 V, 

+ fa 










1 ,4 


— Vu 





34 M, 

+ Vh 

Market Sales 

lit millions. 

Today Prev . 

4 pjn. con*. 

?« iu» 32£06 

14.11 1X37 

258-77 27 IUC 

Open High low Last eng. 

Indus 370747 J7I5J3 J691 -SI 3695.97 —1.78 
Trans IMS 4? 164X57 1*31.4* 1433.74 —'7.27 
Ulfl 19536 19546 inM >92.79 —2.1 1 
Comp 1J117S 13I17313IR43 1305 80 — 140 

Standard & Poor’s Indexes 

High Low Close Ch'oa 
industrials SOM 52SJ0 mff-Off 

Trow, 39448 391 .W 392.70 — 141 

Utilities 1SL05 15642 154.94— U.9J 

Flncnce 44JJ) 071 43.98 +U? 

SP 500 45185 45072 451 38 -QJ4 

SP 1D0 41817 41634 41547 —033 

NYSE Indexes 

Lew Last atp. 

Composite 25138 250.24 250 49 —026 

Industrials 30934 307.82 — O-Sl 

Transp. 250.07 24837 248.99 — 0.79 

LHfllTV 211.42 709.88 310.18 — 1-Of 

Finance 210.72 207 J1 210.54 -1.02 

Spot Com m odifies 

Commodity Today 

Aluminum, ib O-Wi 

Cooper etecrrolvllc. lb 0.94 

Iran FOB, ion 2U00 

Lead, lb OJJ 

Silver, tray oz £13 

Steel t scrao >, tan U7-JJ 

Tin. lb 16632 

Zinc, Hb £4423 

Ccruii offerings of sccuritfe*. financial 
services or taleresu ia real estate pbfished in 
this newspaper are nw wt h ori n d in certain 
jnrivficiMps In which the lin rm wlo m l HrraM 
Tribene is distributed. inc Iodine the Uni led 
Sines or America, and do not consiinne 
offerings of securities, services or mimesis in 
ibese jurisdictions. Tic Imenuiional Herald 
Tribune assumes no responsibility uhnsocvn 
far any advenuemmts tar offerings of any land. 



BM Ask 
ALUMINUM I H lull Grade) 
Dalian per memefor 
5 pal imoo 130340 

Forward 1327JM 132BJB 

Dollars per metric ton 
sSf 196301 196401 

Forward 197450 197501 

LEAD , , 

bailors per metric ton 
sEil 4430) 4640) 

Forward 47BJBJ 47UD 


Dalian per metric Ian 
£x,| 563040 5640. DO 

Forward 570001 571001 

TIN ._ . 

Dalian per meTrietori 
SmI 54300) 544001 

Forward 54950} 55000) 

ZINC (Special HWi Grade) 
Dalian per nwirjctoB „ 
Fool 95050 95150 

Forward 9700) 97201 

BW Ask 

13010) 13020} 
133601 132650 

195100 19530) 
1768 JO 19690) 

46450 465 JO 
400JO 40101 

56350) 564001 
57100) 57160) 

M0&00 54150) 
547001 54000) 

9470) 9480) 
969 0) 969 JO 

NASDAQ Indexes 

Hteti Low Last Or* 

Composite 74204 740.18 740.18 —a 12 

Industrials 771.63 769.91 769.92 -0.17 

Bamcs 499 66 497.27 699X3 -2.12 

Insurance 907.41 896.13 894.13 —109 

RncsKC 909.49 904.71 909.18 - 2J6 

Transp. 737.72 73131 733.71 —2.99 

AMEX Stock Index 

High Lew Lost an. 

443.79 441 J7 441.70 —2.09 

Dow Jones Bond Averages 

20 Bonds 

10 Ulllltlea 

10 Industrials 





+ 026 
+ 826 
+ 826 

| NASDAQ Diary ( 











Total issues 






New Lows 




DM Lew One Oumov 

(510000 - pts of 101 pd 

Jun 9460 9455 94J9 + 043 

Sm 94 JO 9422 9400 + 047 

Dec 93.79 9369 93.78 + OM 

Mar 9X24 99.11 9X22 +007 

Jan 9£70 92-54 9267 + 0H7 

Sep 9124 92.10 9220 + 046 

Dec 9102 91J0 91.78 +£04 

Mar 91.48 910) 91.46 + 805 

jun 9125 91 9X25 + 0-85 

Sep 91.07 9104 9108 +D.CM 

Dec 9Q.90 9007 9008 + M3 

MOT 90 J 4 90-72 9033 + 001 

EH. volume: 52474 Open Ini.: 499462. 
II ,-nlllkm - Pf! eMBS pcf 
jun 95.16 95.12 95.14 —001 

Sep 9452 9450 9452 + 002 

Dec 9402 9402 9405 + 005 

Mar N.T. N.T. 9303 +0.06 

Jun N.T. N.T. 9157 + 008 

Sep N.T. N.T. 9133 + 008 

Esi. volume: 504 Open mt.: 18126. 

DM1 mnuon-ptsof ICO Pd 
Jan 9507 94 J3 9505 +0.13 

Sep 9506 K.14 9525 +0.13 

Dec 95.17 95.03 95.15 +0.14 

Mar 9506 94.92 9504 + 0.11 

Jan 9479 9445 9478 + 0.10 

Sep 9451 9436 9JJ1 +0.12 

Dec 9406 9411 9427 + 0.13 

MOT M06 9194 9407 + 0-71 

Jon 9309 9302 9X93 + 0.10 

Sep 9175 9X67 9X75 + 007 

Dec 9X62 9156 9101 +003 

Mar 9XS3 9X45 9X51 +004 

Esi. volume: 2Z7J90. open Ini.: 95X729. 


FF5 mlUton 

-pis of no pet 





+ 006 





+ 809 





+ 0JT 





+ 808 





+ 003 





+ 0.02 










Q m 


U-S. dalti 


jul 1X78 KLS9 

AN 1500 1547 

7JJ7 15J9 
nS UJ5 1139 

MV 15* 'Hi 

Dk 15J6 IS* 

Jan N.T. N.T. 

Fab N.T. NT. 

Est. volume: 52004 . 

1000 barrets 
lua i50o +ojb 
im* +03 

1500 1505 +039 

1X52 li68 +027 

1147 1186 +039 
1507 Tiff +0.16 

1148 £» + 0.16 
NT 1SA4 +0.16 
n'.t: U66 +0.16 

Open Int WWW 

Stock Indexed 

High Law dose Change 

HI 3®. iS J 

H ”jh « ss :ss 

volume: IJJOS. Oaen mt.: 54,589. 



216100 +2200 
214X50 +2200 
2140JD +2200 
2159 JD +2100 
219000 + 21 JO 

221700 +2100 

Est. volume: 27071 open Int: 70011 
Sources ■ Mo ! If. A ssociated 
London inti Financial Futures Exchange, 
latl Petrvtewn Exchange- . 


Company Per 

British Pefrol g 

Broken Hill ADR B 0*4 

Sun Enrrvr Parlor _ 07 

Transp Mariilma .1791 

tx ipp r ox amounf per AOR. 

Premtar Rnd 3 for 1 SMIL 


Intel Carp Q 06 

Pioneer Group 9 -» 

SaiecoCarp 2 

Whitman Com G 085 


Viceroy Homes 9 025 


Enron Oil & Gae a - 03 

Partner Re Holding - 


Est. volume: 8X745. Open Int.: 216,945. 

HUM ■ pts 0 32nds of 188 pet 
Jun 104-18 10309 104-10 +0-20 

Sep N.T. NT. 103-14 +170 

Est. volume: 7XS67. Open Int.: 119.725. 

dm 2 smm - pis arm PC) 

Jun 94 JO 9X77 9432 + 006 

SCP 9308 9X33 9X79 +003 

Est. volume: 17X561 Open Int: 184034 
FF580080- pts of 1(0 pet 
Jun 119 JO 11904 1)904 —040 

Sep 118J6 118.17 11026 —0.44 

Dec 11706 11X64 117J6 —044 

Est. volume. 294056. Open Ini.: 162J»X 


HKdi Low Lost settle Cli'ge 

U0. dollars per metric tan-lols oMM tons 
MOV 15050 14800 149.75 14900 —050 

Jan 15000 14825 149 JO MUD —075 

Jnl 151X5 149 JO 150JO 150 JO —050 

AU9 15250 15100 151J5 15200 — 0J0 

SOP 15400 152.75 15X75 15X75 — 025 

Alco Standard Q & 

All Amer Term Tr M -J8 

Avon Products Q 

Bcrfcsnlre RJtv S 

Conu Inc ° J® 

cSantal IntrmM 1 M 083 

Diamond Sham Inc Q -U 

EDO Cera O 07 

F&M Bncptn Wl O .12 

Farmers Cod Bk O JO 

Gavtard Entertain Q 06 

Hllb Ropal Q -J2 

IES indust O ^ 

Kansas Ctv Sttin G 075 

Laforoe Cora Q 075 

Mnod HI Inco Port M 

MnodHI Inco II M 

McDcnal'O Ca Inv O £7S 

Mktotases Water O 2tOS 

(Mueller Paul O iffl 

Orion Capital 0 ■« 

Patriot PrmDv I M .0667 

Potash Cora 9 .18 

Premier Fin 2 i2 

Reotxik Inti a 075 

Sigma Aldrich Q 0825 

Southwest Whiter Q -10 

Thomas Betts Q J6 

VHro Sac Anon h .TStf7 

Wockenhut A4B Q M 

Wstn Resources Q *95 

Worthem Banking O .15 

Xlra Cora Q .14 

Xenix Income Fd M 068 

b-apprax amount per ADR. 
franmial.- p-parafcle In Canadian 
montntv; a-aearlerly; t-eem+aapu 

Tapie Fined $175,000 for Misleading Investors 

Compiled by Our Stuff Fnm Dispatches 

PARIS — Bernard Tapie, ihe 
embattled sports magnate and poli- 
tician. was fined I million French 
francs ($175,000) Thursday for 
knowingly giving investors false in- 
formation about a company he 

The fine, related to Testut SA. a 
company that makes scales, was 
imposed by the Market Operations 
Commission, which regulates the 

Paris stock exchange. Mr. Tapie is 
lodging an appeal. 

He headed Testut from 1987 to 
1992. The commission investigated 
the company after receiving com- 
plaints last year about the financial 
and accounting information it 
handed out. The commission found 
that Testut issued financial infor- 
mation in 1990 that "appeared in- 
exact and inaccurate.’' The infor- 

mation related to floating a 100 
mflli on-franc bond issue. 

The commission said Mr. Tapie 
had told investors the money would 
be used to finance the acquisitions 
of two companies, Lutrana and 
Trayvou, the latter a subsidiary of 
SNC financtere & Immobiliere 
Bernard Tapie. 

Mr. Tapie said Travvou should 
cost between 45 million and 120 
million francs. But the co mmis sion 

5-27 88 

5-12 6-18 
5-20 6-10 
5-12 5-20 

8-1 *-l 

6-1 +10 
7-8 7-25 
+10 7-1 

7-1S 7-29 
5-16 +1 

5-23 +10 
+13 5-31 
+17 +1 

+1 +15 

6- 3 7-27 

+16 +1 
+20 +7 

+9 +30 
-17 +1 

+1 7-1 

+23 6-6 

+15 620 
+10 7-1 

+27 +21 
+T7 +1 

+23 +31 
+23 +31 
+1S +27 
+16 +1 
+16 +10 
+15 7-1 

+17 +1 

7- 25 +15 

+16 +31 
+15 7-6 

+1 +15 
+30 7-20 
+17 7-5 

+10 +25 
+16 +1 
+3 7-1 

+10 +24 
+16 +31 
+23 5-31 

said it tamed out that Trayvou had 
been purchased for the nominal 
sum of one franc. 

Despite his troubles, Mr. Tapie 
retains a seat in Parliament and a 
high political profile. He is heading 
a left-of-center ticket running in 
next inoath's elections for the Eu- 
ropean Parliament and has talked 
of running for mayor of Marseille. 

{AP. AFP) 

measures from corporate books.. 

inflatio n Indicator Soft 

fastest pace in three yean during the fmqnate 
and theOinton admirustratiOQ masted tliiiS 
aberration and not a hint of spiraling prices.- ^ 

The Labor Department said Thursday ThatTgaf^ib^ 
January-March quarter jumped 5 percent at mMauflf- 1 ’ 
quarter of 1993, the steepest increase smcra£:l ,p«tei£ 

three months of 1990. . . : . 

The report also suggested, a dramatic stowing hu 
growth, up just OJ percent in the first 
pocent gam from October through De~ 
figures overstated the actual situation. 

Continental Airli 

HOUSTON (Combined- Dispatches) Coin 
ported a $71.6 million first-quarter loss Thursday,- which 
bad weather and restructuring costs. 

The loss, £2.86 a share, was smaller than the $W9£ 
Continental reported a year ago, when it_wasM 
bankruptcy protection. Operating revenue 
down slightly from $1 39 billion a year ago. 

Other carriers reporting firet-quarter losses, 
latkms caused by persistent winter stonns ra 
American Airlines. Delta, UmtoJ and US Air 

U.S. and Canada 

WASHINGTON (Bloomberg) — The US. and 
settled a dispute over U£- beer producers’ i 
Trade Representative Mickey Kan tor said. 

Under the new agreement, U.S. brewers 
and deliver their products without using C __ . . _ 

ing to a statement released by Mr. Kantor’s office. American yod+g; 
also will be allowed to scfl beer to convenience 

ranaHa also agreed to address U.S. concerns aboat nanniiBHiQriir/ 
rules for beer set by some Canadian provinces in fatarenega tm^jf 
‘The United States does not accept that the practice of setting 
minim rrm prices below which beer cannot be sold _ is emsinat^ 
Canada’s GATT obligations," Mr. Kantor s statatent aid.' V' 

- ■ ' 

Northern Telecom Signs New Pact 

TORONTO (Bloomberg) — Northern Tdecom I^-sairiThmiiB a 
had signed a three-year, $330 million contract to kup^ i^reie&ain- 
ment to Grupo Iusacdl SA de CV, Mexico’s secon<HargesftdeamMB. 
cations company. . ’ 

The contract is the largest ever for Northern Telecom Vwtifc® 
equipment business. Iusacdl will use the equipmoit to buOd a n^onde 
telephone network in Mexico. Last year, Bell Atlantic Coip.-qfnto 
invest up to $1.04 billion for a 42 percent stakeih lusaoriL uihte, 
Northern Telecom has never supplied Bell Atlantic withmiriet;^. 
menL _ -•• • 

Northern Telecom said the equipment foe Grupo IrisaafiviSioAde 
switching systems, fixed wireless access technology, andfiber-optit^cd 
transmissio n systems. Telular Coro, a maker of tdanrahaouno: 
equipment based in Buffalo Grove, Illinois, will supply tfe cd mpauyBitk 
equipment for the handsets. Northern Telecom said. . 

More Jobless, but Growth ^ StHISeen 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) — More Americans sougtojdScsslwiefitj 
last week, while first-quarter productivity rates weakeMcCt^eT^ Labor 
Department said Thursday. But analysts said the economyafflqipeHBd 
to be on track for expansion. % r - %£%< ' ’ " 

A total of 350,000 people applied for unemploymenthto^ia wrfc 
up 17,000 from the previous week. But longer- lean 
have been out of work for some time fell by 24,000. Some eDtomapw 
that development more weight. ' 

“If that is fatting, it is typically a sign that the webm 

unemployed are starting to find jobs," said Michael Straas&iatfa®®® 
at Yamaidu InteraatiOTal Inc. m New York. r j. :■ 

It's never t 
to sut 
Just call 

0 80C 



Agmcc Franc Pina May . 



EOE Index :416j) 
Prftww : 4iiJ4 

NlhWal Water 


AG Fin 




Cocker III 



.Elea ratal 







Raval Bdae 

2*40 2640 
5100 47W 
2450 2455 
27550 27500 
198 196 

5WD 5950 
1362 1364 
6340 6360 
1585 1600 
4410 4640 

ioow itrua 

7010 7240 
10750 1D7D0 
3480 3500 
5880 5830 

Jordlite Motti SO JO 50.50 
Jordlne Sir Hkl 26.TO27XO 
Kowloon Motor 1*00 i4jo 
Monaorbi Orient 9J0 9J0 
Mlromor Hotel 20*0 3am 
New world Dev 2X33 
SHK Proos 4.134 43 

ST*lu« 140 X4B 

5wlre Pac A S2 52 
Tal Owuna Pros ID 1X10 
TVE X40 140 

Wharf Hold 26J0 2*00 
Wins On Co mu luo ixaj 
Winter ind 18.90 1070 

Sac Gen Banaue 8270 8720 
5ac Gen Bcriglaue 7710 3170 






Union Mlnlere 

15400 15150 
16350 16500 

11075 inoa 

24050 23700 
2585 2570 



Ana la Amer 




De Beers 

Drlefa n teln 




Hlonveld Sleel 


WKtasnk Grp 



SA Brews 


25 25 

ioo into 
214 220 

3&JD 35 
8 NA 
40 42 

SB 52 
• 9 JO 
09 100 

23 24J5 
28 28 
45 48 

31 30 JO 
a 45 
88 61 
94+0 97 JS 
40J0 NA 

34.25 74.75 

NA — 
168 173 

Sao Paulo 

Banco Os Brasil 21J0 21JD 

Banessa 13 ixxs 

Bradasco 1600 14.79 

Brahma 190 3CO 

Potroorta 1Q1111L50 

Tefeoras 41.40 4409 

Vote RIO Dace 9X50 10BJ0 
Vorlo N.T. 160 

ttSSSs 1 ?®* "" 




Fraser Heave 

Gem mo 


Haw Par 

Hume Industries 









■ ■ i n n 4. 

Shorter lla 



Staonr Land 
SUorv Press 
SMS Stesmihlp 
SHare Tetecomm 
Strain Trading 

S»W|s TUnw tad. 
Pivnrhun : 238108 

7.95 X2S 
7X0 8.10 

11 JO 11.40 
I860 1800 
1640 17 JO 
£00 £29 
X32 348 
540 540 
500 175. 
11X0 1140 
204 200 
144 146 

8.70 805 
11.90 11.90 
7 JO 740 
7.90 7.90 
1170 1170 
UD 5.15 
175 U0 
740 7.40 
7 JO 740 
14J0 1440 
198 408 
348 166 
1040 1C40 
IIP 208 
: W77J4 

MIB Index : 13*9 
Previous : iau 


Alcan Aluminum 39l*> 2ns 

Bonk Montreal 2Ste 25%. 

Ben Canada 4393 43W 

Bombardier B 2I1 h 71'. 

Co molar 17^ irvi 

0 g 

Dominion Test A 6to +k> 

Donohue a lav, u a 

MacMillan Bl 20 20k. 

Natl Bk Canada n. 

fewer Can. Zifa 2i«r 

OMMTM 31 J4 n, 

Qwebecor A 20 20 

Quebecer B 20 ink 

TefeototK lest, m. 

Un tea £ 1 % j « 

Vldeofron 1«v, 1415 

BSW «S ! ™ 


415 418 


*»ra* 1*2 IS9 

Allas Ct+co 5C S37 

ElecTraftta 8 <29 423 

Ericsson 356 344 

Eneiie-A HB 119 

HundeWbonken 115 i;j 

Investor B 2B3 200 

Norsk Hydro 744502CJJ 
Procardia af 12a ri* 

Sandvlk B 130 159 

SCA -* . 130 1M 

+E Sunken 53 53 

Skontfa P I3« im 

Skanska 102 193 

SKF 167 164 

SNra «2i 419 

TroffaboroSF in 109 

V0N 0 720 718 

tiXS2F&32i imM 




Vo Asjoriatad Press 

Season Season 

HWi Low Open 









300 May 94 13Sfa 




£96 Jul 94 136 



X30fa_flMfa 78463 

UT 1 * 

102 Sep 94 1394* 



133 ■A —(LOS 



109 Doc 94 150 



143% —005% 



XZ7 Mar9S XS2’«i 

















Est.sMes 19000 Wed’s. saes 2X407 

Wad's open M 43088 w 253 




£98 May94 156 










102 9, Sep 94 138 


11 3 fa Dec 94 345 


125 Mar 95 141% 



14 r fa -007 



US”, -802 


EsL sofas NA Wed’s. 


Wed's open Int 22,973 uo 462 



£38% May 94 £4Sfa 



£56%— oca 



241 Jul 94 £471* 



240% — 809 13*205 



7J6faDec94 wrfa 



ZXTfa— 806V> 75462 


£52 Mar95 £56 

£5* Vi 


£S0fa— OLOSfa 




745’j — 004*1 

'bib 1 


£58 Jul VS 241 




£43 Dec 95 £45 



£43% -001% 

1J26 t 

Wed's opct ite 766.190 ofl 


SOYBEANS (CBOT) SJXbi bu •mnewunv douor 



7 JO 

5.MV,JUI94 640 fa 




4JS Auo94 644 



609 y. 

6.17 Sep 94 644 




5lS59,Now94 A2SV, 




6.13 Jon 95 6J1 



LIB Mor 95 6J7V, 

83 rn 


6J6fa— 0.1246 


6J1 May 95 6.38 





501faNowV5 6.0*% 

*09 fa 



Esl. soles 58000 Wed’s, sates xuu 

Wed’S OPen W 1(1.766 olf c 




1 8170 May 94 1BBJ0 




1B5J0JUI94 119.90 






189 JO 




nijooat* lasjo 

705 JO 


440 Dec 94 I54JB 



111 JO 





7 82 00 Mov 95 




IB2J0JS495 1B6JD 



Esl. uSes 25000 Wed-^SOtes 17,1*1 

WOffs open int 8705B up B79 




39 JO 

21 .55 Jul 91 7852 


29 JO 


37 JO 


2240 Sep 94 27J5 




2£)0DO94 2640 











"K IK 


24 90 




Wad’sopenm* 97441 up 974 










Tiune oat.- owns 


9.15 jmw 













1 1-42 





1857 May 95 






104744 9S 

11 JO 




1000 Mir 96 



Est sales 15.783 Wed's, sofas 1546] 
wed's open M 1D54B1 ua 25*1 
COCOA (NC5E) U mane KM*- ( pir KM 
1365 999 Jul 94 1137 110) 1139 

1177 lOMSeo 94 1165 1203 1155 

1389 1041 Dec 94 1207 1240 1207 

1382 1077 Me 95 1250 1259 1240 

1400 1 078 May 95 1142 1142 1142 

1407 1225 Jul 95 

1350 1265 Sep 95 

1437 1 TOT Dec 95 

1385 1350 Mar 96 

1289 1225 May 96 

Ed. sates 9.42? Wed-Lidos 6470 

Wed's oaai M 81.137 aH 456 
ORANGE JUICE (NCTHJ II 466 ks-mi pa 
13500 8900 May 94 101 JO 10200 10100 

13S0O 10(05 Jul 94 10175 1OSJ0 IffLOO 

I3L50 10400 Sep 94 I06J0 10600 105.75 

13400 1041 5 Nov 94 10800 10800 10800 

13200 103J0JOI95 108JO 10900 10000 

12425 10600 Mar 95 118.15 11820 11815 

11425 112-50 May 95 111.95 111.95 111.95 

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Page 15 

Germany Claims 

Progress on Jobs 

.is rate - which 

‘HSi L" 0 **™* ' 

“Jjaid that the government had 




'«w DtUy iocrea5 « in unemplov- 

L neJ 1 r5 e ^t CtS I _ 0f recess *°° contin- 
wL SS“ femselves frit in (he 

,Sed°lw 1 ' nr ^ J* P™ - 

“““Previously," said 

to U ^q^n Unetnpl0yroenl 

IUMI& April f ™“ 

Even though the seasonally ad- 
justed figures showed more unem- 
ployment, the unadjusted Grants 
,WCTe expected to give more ammn- 
■.gSS® 10 Chancellor Helmut 
J^Onl s government in its argument 
.that the recession is over and that 
. recovery is getting under way. 

Kohl, who faces elections in 
■ October, last month proclaimed 
that it was “ springtime for Germa- 
ny, citing improving industrial 
jnaKda* and orders data, but he 
.acknowledged that it would take 
‘ tune before unemployment started 

The opposition Soda! Demo- 
, esats noted that pan-German un- 
- employment was about half a mil- 
lion higher in April than a year ago 

der control. 

Economists said the rise in April 
unemployment was smaller than 
expected and suggested that the 
jobless figures would increase more 
slowly in the test of 1994. 

“The signs are that the slowdown 
u the rate of increase will contin- 
ue, w said Werner Verbockett, econ- 
omist with Commerzbank. “There 

is an improving tendency, but nev- 
ertheless there will still be an in- 

Mr- Verbockett said that the 
main explanation for the slower 
tread appeared to be that compa- 
nies grappling with one of Western 

Germany's worst postwar reces- 
sions had laid off so many staff that 
personnel had been reduced to 
dose to core levels. 

The Bank of France made its 
third small interest rate cat in two 
weeks on Thursday, Reuters re- 
ported Thursday from Fans. 

Following its monetary policy 
council meeting, the central bank 
said it cut its intervention rale, 
which sets the floor for the market, 
to 5.6 percent from 5.7 percent. It 
left its ceiling rate unchan g ed at 
6.73 percent. 

The cut, the sixth of tins size 


once Feb. 24, had beat widely an- 
imated by analysts and the fman- 
oaf did not register any mayor reac- 
tion to the decision. 

May Accept 
30% of Ciga 

Bbemberg Business Ne*a 

MILAN — ITT Corp.’s 
Sheraton Holds, which failed 
to take over Ciga SpA when a 
share issue backfired last 
month, may settle for a 30 per- 
cent stake that would give it 
control, Ciga said Thursday. 

“They are moving in that 
direction,” said Claudio Mior- 
cUi, a spokesman for Ciga, an 
Italian hotel concern. 

In February. Sheraton 
agreed with Ctga’s creditor 
banks to take over Ciga for 
943 billion lire ($390 million). 
Gga was to be turned over to 
Sheraton via a share issue that 
banks would underwrite and 
(hen seD back. The issue was 
thought to be priced unattrac- 
tively to outside investors. 

But there was substantial 
demand, so much so that 
about 67 percent of the com- 
pany is now held by investors 
who have shown little interest 
in selling their shares at the 
740 lire a share that Sheraton 
is offering. 

To deliver 30 percent of 
Gga, the creditor banks would 
have to buy all the rights to 
buy Ciga shares that weren't 
sold in the share issue last 
month. If those rights were ex- 
ercised, they together with the 
stock the creditor banks now 
hold would amount to some 30 
percent of Gga’s shares. 

U.S. Criticized for Super 301 

EU Calls Trade Law a f Gun in the Holster’ 

By Tom Buerkle 

Jnternaaona} BerdU Tribune 

BRUSSELS — The European 
Commission criticized the Ameri- 
cans on Thursday for reriving their 
biggest trade weapon and discrimi- 
nating against foreign companies 
but said recent agreements would 
lift many U A trade banters. 

In its annual report on U.S. trade 
policy, the commission, the execu- 
tive agency of the European Union, 
said it was seriously concerned by 
President Bill Clinton's decision to 
revive the Super 301 provision of 
U.S. trade law in March, less than 
three months after Washington en- 
dorsed a world trade agreement es- 
tablishing global rules for settling 

Super 301 requires the U.S. trade 
representative to identify and take 
action against unfair trade prac- 
tices by other countries. 

The move was "indicative of an 
impetus in the UJS. toward in- 
creased use of unilateral or bilater- 
al measures" that "endanger the 

worid trade system,” the report 

Washington's tendency to “keep 

a unilateral gun in the holster” 
be “out of pace” under the World 
Trade Organization, the regulator 
that wiB be established by the 
world trade agreement, said a 
spokesman for the EU unde com- 
missioner, Sr Leon Brittan. 

The report also highlighted EU 
concerns about legislation pending 
in the U.5. Congress that would 
deny federal research grants or 
antitrust exemptions to subsidiar- 
ies of foreign companies whose 
governments do not offer recipro- 
cal treatment of American firms. 

“We fear that these measures 
could make European investment 
in the United States less attrac- 
tive," said Ove Juul Jorgensen, 
head of U.S. relations in the com- 

Despite the criticisms, however, 
the tone of the report was moder- 
ate, aiming to keep up pressure on 
Washington for further market 

openings without derailing the re- 
cent i mp rovement in trans-Atlantic 
trade relations. 

The worid trade agreement and a 
related EU-U.S. pact cm public 
procurement would remove many 
serious American trade barriers as 
long as those agreements are trans- 
lated “faithfully and to the letter 
into U.S. legislation,” Mr. Jorgen- 
sen said. He added, “We can be 
quite optimistic that next year's re- 
port can be shorter." 

Stuart Eizenstai, the U.S. ambas- 
sador to the European Union, dis- 

missed the concerns about Super 
l" The 

301 as “a giant red haring.' 
measure “is fully consistent with 
world trade roles, and wiD be con- 
sistent with WTO roles," he said. 

There is a strong feeling of im- 
proved trade relations on both 
sides of the Atlantic, Mr. Eizeostal 
said, “but if s not nirvana.” 

A falling trade deficit, largely the 
byproduct of Europe’s recession 

and the American recovery, has 
helped ease tensions. 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

tifwrtcwI HgiMTWmne 

Chevron Gets Deadline 
For Kazakh Pipeline 



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ALMA-ATA, Kazakhs tan — 
Chevron Corp. has been offered a 
23 percent stake in a pipeline pro- 
ject in this former Soviet republic, 
but if it does not accept the offer by 
June 1, its previous agreement with 
the Kazakhs to exploit their rich oil 
Gelds will be in doubt, it was re- 
pented Thursday. 

A senior Kazakh official said 
Kazakhstan, Russia Oman 
have offered Chevron, the Ameri- 
can ad giant, participation in the SI 
billion pipeline project, (he Caspi- 
an Pipeline Consortium. It would 
export Kazakh oil from the giant 
Tengiz field. 

“Chevron has not yet signed 
such an agreement and has not said 
when h will sign,” said Kazakh- 
stan's deputy energy minister, Ana- 
toli Lobayev. 

Chevron would have to pay $300 
million for its shares and contrib- 
ute another $150 milli on in subse- 
quent financing, be said. 

Mr. Lobayev quoted Kazakh- 
stan's president, Nursultan A. Na- 
zarbayev, as saying that if Chevron 
tM not join the consortium by June 
1, the future of the Tengizchevroil 
joint venture could be in doubt. 

That joint venture could eventu- 
ally be worth $20 billion. 


Tobias inciud* ttva noflonwtde prices up to 
the closing an WaB Street and do not reflect 
late trades elsewhere. Vta Tha Associated Press 


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Mr. Lobayev said be hoped that 
an agreement would be signed 
shortly, but he said that if Chevron 
did not participate. Oman was 
ready to buy its 25 percent stake 
and provide financial backing for 
the project. 

The pipeline, with a planned ca- 
pacity of up to 12 mulion barrels 
per day, is to run from Tmigiz to 
the port of Novorossiysk, Russia’s 
main crude oil export outlet on the 
Black Sea. 

Russia's Interfax news agency 
said a lender could be announced 
in early summer for the first phase 
of construction. An Omani oil min- 
istry source said last week that con- 
struction was due to begin at the 
start of next year. 

The Tengizchevroil venture 
started operations last year, but it 
has been plagued by export restric- 
tions imposed by the Russian pipe- 
line fum Transneft, which says it is 
concerned about the high levd of 
foul-smelling sulphur compounds 
in the Tengiz crude. 

Chevron said last week that Ten- 
gizcbeyroO was trimming invest- 
ment in the field by S percent, or 
$20 million, this year due to these 
restrictions. But the partnership is 
building two plants to remove the 
offending sulphur compounds. 

AMB Doubles 
Its Insurance 
Venture Stake 

A FF-Extd News 

AACHEN, Germany — 

Aachener & Munchcncr 
ligungs AG has spent 170 mil- 
lion Deutsche marks ($103 
million) to buy a second 33 
percent stake in European 
Partners for Insurance Coop- 
eration SA from the Italian 
insurer Fonduda SpA, AMB 
Chairman Wolfgang Kaske 
said Thursday. 

Mr. Kaske said Out the Ital- 
ian insurer had offered its 
stake in EPIC — a three-way 
venture of Fondiaria, AMB 
and U2C- based Royal Insur- 
ance Holding PLC — to the 
British partner, which had 
turned h down. 

Mr. Kaske noted that AMB 
now owned 66 percent of 

Mr. Kaske also said that 
AMB would do “all it can to 
remain independent and avoid 
being controlled by one share- 
holder.” AMR’s largest share- 
holder, Assurances Gdnfcrales 
de France, increased its stake 
last year to 33.5 percent 

AMB also said that its 1993 
net profit rose 16 percent com- 
pared to its 1992 results. 

Very briefly: 

1 to boy AEG f i' r ht teriwih GmbH, the 
hghtmg division of AEG A& The division win be renamed Phipps 
li g htin g . Financial details were not disclosed. 

• Italy’s car sales fdl 2-8 parent in April, compared with April 1993, an 

fell 6.9 

industry group said. Sales in the four months to April 
from the previews year. 

.9 percent 

• Baer Holding AG said consobdaied pretax operating profit in the first 
quarter was lower than in the year-earlier period, but it did not detail the 
figures. It said trading inoome fell, while net interest income and income 
from oomnrisaons rose. 

• Dramler-Benz AG's Debts Assefauanz VcnaUtbrngsGrabH unit bought 
a 34 percent stake in the French insurance broker Theoreme SA for an 
undisclosed price. 

• Dynotadustrier AS earned a pretax 130 mfifion kroner ($18 million) in 
the first quarter, np from 75 million in the comparable year-earlier 
period, in step with an 18 percent increase in sales. 

: fitting mate, bought the French 
company Jawytat SA for £9.8 zmfiion ($15 million) in (ash phis an 
additional £349,000 to be paid in two installments. 

• Fotamfs finance minis ter said he expected the country’s economy to 
grow an average S percent annually until the end of the decade. 

Bhotnbffg, AFX, Reuters 

Kuoni Reports Drop in Profit 


ZURICH — Kuoni ReisebOroAG, Europe’s third-Iargest travd group, 
reported Thursday a 10 percent drop in net profit for 1993 to 44.7 million 
Swiss francs ($32 rmliioa). Sales dropped Ij 6 percent to 142 bilHon 
francs, compared to the company's 1992 results. 

Kuoni raised its dividend by 50 francs to 300 francs and is predicting 
record profits in 1994, citing an increase in demand so far this year. 

"Even if we must expect mat Ok increase in demand will flatten oat in 
the summer, it should still be posable, as we see it today, to achieve a new 
record result by the end of the year," said chief executive Peter Oes. 



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Pr°fit Surges 17 % 
For News Corp 


But Shares FaU 3% 

SYDNEY ~xJZZr‘ V °'* a 

J^freday its profit!^ ^S fp - Said 
ja On third oflan«-^ 7 percent 


: I^ Aumaluj, ,Wte (U5S S'. Sf* =7 m^ 

• Ikffilm themiart«.^_ _5. 51 bourn e*based media 

' UD i bCr ° f P®^ 1 * *«*« «■ 

pecung a lot more profit jo come 

in the quarter on sales of ??o ^S urn . e “* >ased nwdia analyst said, 

doflars. Revenue 5f-^? fefenmg to the hit movie Drodiuxd 



«ews Coip, mi Pro fj t 
VaceaLto 991.6 SSZ 
rc y* nu e of 8.4 inlHon. 

n^JSTl 0 *?- ^ its net gain re- 
5wed t heaUhy results fromitTfiim 

' 54 

Twentieth Ccntury-FoT^ 
Cap. which is operated by News 

operalicms and im- 

Tax Option 
Kept Open 
In Australia 

Bloomberg Batatas News 
Mmister Paul Keating refused 
to nxie out tax increases to 
fund a 65 b3tion Australian 
dollar (US$4.6 hflhon) stimu- 
lus package to boost exports 
and job growth. 

“I am net in the business of 
giving guarantees," Mr. Keat- 
mg ttrid Australia's National 
Press Gob on Thursday, refer- 
ring to speculation about 
whether he would seek a tax 

Mr. Keating also reiterated 
the government's intention to 
step up the sale of assets, a 
plan seen as a move to help 
fund the eco nomi c package. 

But the government won’t 
disclose full details of how it 
intends to fund the programs 
outlined in the “while paper ” 
or economic policy document, 
until Tuesday, when Austra- 
lia's national budget for the 
fiscal year begfamnig July 1 
wiB be presented. 

Meanwhile, Australian 
stock and band prices sank on 
investor concern about how 
the government- win fin»n» 
the package, which is designed 
to cot the nation’s jobless rate 
from 10 l 3 percent to 5 percent 
by the end of the decade. 

Bcod ykWs. wtech rise as 
prices &Q, surged Wednesday 
after Mr. Keating first sn- 
nooQced the plan. Theyield cm 
the 10-year benchmark Aus- 
tralian government braid nose 
slightly again Thursday to 8.80 
percent, op from 8.78 yester- 

Early in the day, the yield 
rose as high 15 855 percent, 
but it dropped back after die 
Reserve rank of Australia in- 
tervened, analysts said. 

family comedy has grossed 
more than $400 million to date. 
News Corp. said, contributing to a 
JJi percent rise in revenue from 
riuued entertainment. 

Investors also are wary about 
News Corp.’s purchase last year of 
a 63.6 percent stake in STAR TV, 
the Asian satellite broadcaster 
based in Hong Kong. 

“The market believes that the 
operating costs at STAR might be 
higher than what Murdoch Erst 
budgeted for," said MSchad Hef- 
fernan, research director at Shaw 
Stodcbrokriig Ltd. 

The company said its stake in 
STAR posted a small loss fra the 
nine- month period but was run- 
ning ahead of budget. 

"Star is gong to be an absolute 
winner because Murdoch is living in 
Hong Kong" said Roger Col eman 
media analyst with B anker s Trust 
He said News Corp. was b raiding a 
profirable racsenoe inAsa. 

During the nine-month period. 
News Coip-’s 50 percent stake in 
the British satellite television, ser- 
vice BSkyB and the Australian air- 
line Ansett delivered a 140 percent 
increase in profit to 2915 million 
dollars. Subscribers rose by a mil- 
lion, to 3.4 milli on 
The company’s U.S. television 
divisions, rax Broadcasting Co. 
and Fox Television Stations, post- 
ed gains is advertising revenue, 20 
percent and 18 percent respective- 
ly, in the three quarters. 

"The company's filmed enter- 
tainment, television and TV Guide 
business units aO recoded strong 
gains in operating profits." the 
company said. 

Those gains were offset by re- 
duced earnings at News Corp.’s 
British newspapers and its U.SL free- 
standing inserts business, which 
were hurt by price competition. 

Free Enterprise Revives Subic Bay 

By Karl Scboenberger 

Los Angela Tima Senke 

SUBIC BAY, Philippines— The big war- 
ships don’t dock here anymore. The F-1S 
Hornet fighters no longer roar overhead. The 
baroris have drifted elsewhere, and about 
40,000 civilian jobs are gone, lost to a fit of 
Philippine national pride that kicked the U.S. 
Navy out of here two years ago. 

But now, in the eerie ghost town atmo- 
sphere of what used to be the U5. Navy’s 
largest overseas base, something rather re- 
markable is happening: free enterprise. 

Businesses are starting to blossom inside 
the gray zmlitaiy b uilding s that line the 
gloomywiharves, one of them making Rcebok 
shoes. Federal Express is planning to use the 
Navy airstrip. Tourists are lounging in a 
casino hotel converted from a barracks and 

Marcos and quashed the insurrections 
st Mrs. Aquino — took office in June 

playing, golf on fairways salvaged from the 
• Pinaii 

ash fallout of Mount* Knatubo. 

Subic Bay, not long ago a Cold War relic 
symbolizing America’s decline in the Pacific* 
is being transformed into a free-pon zone. 

Backed by foreign investment and an army 
of "people power" volunteers, Subic is an 
experiment m economic development that 
embodies the new optimism rising in the 
Philippines, the so-called Sick Man of Asia. 

Decades of economic — com- 

pounded by kgoidary corruption, political 
turmoil and a chain of natural disasters — 
left the Philippines lagging far behind its 
successful neighbors. But people say things 
are different now, at last 
The venal dictator Ferdinand E Marcos is 
dead. And the days of periodic coup attempts 
against the housewife- turned- Presi deni Cor- 
azon C Aquino have boen replaced by hum- 
drum stability since President Fidel V. Ra- 
mos — the general who rebelled against Mr. 

The Philippine economy grew 2.3 percent 
last year, and this year analysts predict gross 
national product will rise in real terms by 
more than 4 percent. That performance pales 
in comparison to the double-digit pace of 
some East Asian export dynamos. But it’s not 
a bad start. 

“I think the numbers are starting to be 
good for us," Mr. Ramos said is an interview 
at Malacaoang, the presidential palace in 

Manila. "The conditions for takeoff are in 

If the economy does take flight, the Subic 
Bay Freeport Zone is the kind of launch pad 
that will provide some of the thrust. 

It’s one of 18 designated areas — including 
Clark Field, the former U.S. air base — where 
(he government is trying to woo inLemational 
investment with tax incentives and aggressive 
publicity. The strategy is to mimic the pattern 

of rapid industrialization that made “tigers” 
and "dragons" out of its Southeast Asian 

"This is the best-kept secret in Asia,” said 
Thomas Leber, president of the American 
Chamber of Commerce in Manila, lie main- 
tains there isn’t a scent of genuine anti-Amer- 
icanism in the Philippines today, despite the 
base expulsion. 

Richard J. Gordon is the cheerful chair - 
man of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Author- 
ity, the government agency that runs ihe free- 

pon zone. 

During Mr. Gordon’s reign as mayor of 
Oloogapo, 1 city that thrived outside Subic’s 
gates, he was an early proponent of gradual 
U.S. withdrawal and coavenion of the base 
into a special economic zone. 

The fact that Mr. Gordon now sits in the 
executive office once occupied by Rear Ad- 
miral Thomas A Mercer — the Iasi U.S. 
commander ai Subic — is one erf those ironic 
twists of history. His grandfather, John J. 
Gordon, waded ashore at Subic Bay with the 
New York regiment In 1898, the story goes, 
and later mustered out of the U.S. Army to 
marry a Fibpina and settle nearby. 

Mz. Gordon’s father served as the first 
ele c ted mayor of Oiongapo until be was as- 
sassinated. Mr. Gordon’s mother was elected 
to succeed him Richard, a practicing lawyer, 
later took up the civic mantle. 

The Philippine Senate, fueled by national- 
istic sentiment, voted in 1991 to oust the US. 
military. Mr. Gordon pounced on the oppor- 
tunity to exploit the billions dollars in 
inherited military infrastructure, iKjng ah the 
hoopla and machinery of a political cam- 

By the autumn of 1992, Mr. Gordon had 
organized laid-off base workers into a skilled 
force of volunteers. They stepped in to main- 
tain security in the confusion of the American 
withdrawal that October and November, 
which itself came in the wake of the cata- 
strophic eruption of Mount Pinarobo. 

While the facilities at Clark air base were 
heavily damaged by volcanic ash and then 
trashed by looters, Subic emerged virtually 
unscathed. Volunteers hauled away tons of 
ash that blanketed the golf course, kept the 
lawns trimmed and protected 1,876 units of 
family housing from scavengers. 

"If Subic sparks a fire here, well be a 
model that changes the nation's attitudes 
about discipline and work ethic,” Mr. Gor- 
don said. "This will give the Filipino confi- 
dence. Subic will grow and become the mag- 
net for the Philippines. You watch." 

Manila Market Slides as Phone Company Profit Falls 

Ctmpikdbr Our Staff From Dispatches 
MANILA — Philippine Long 
Distance Telephone Co., the 

country's largest telecommimi ca- 
tions firm, said Thursday that 
profit fell 13 percent to 9123 mfl- 
Hon pesos ($33.6 million) in the 
first quarter because of higher 
capital expenses. 

Revenue rose 10 percent, to 
4.78 billion pesos from 434 bil- 
lion pesos a year earlier, as earn- 
ings from local calls dim bed 33 
percent to 135 billion pesos. 
Analystssaid the drop in profit 

had been caused primarily by 
higher operating expenses con- 
nected to the company's cam- 
paign to wipe out a backlog of 
700,000 applications for tele- 
phone tines. The campaign, 
which began in April 1993, has 
resulted in an increase of 201,444 
lines, to 13 mfliion. 

Philippine Long Distance’s 
stock fell 33 percent to dose at 
1,925 pesos in Manila, while the 
Philippine Stock E xchang e slid 
2.8 percent to close at 2,980. 

After yesterday’s 43 percent 

index rise, analysts said that 
Thursday’s fall was a necessary 
breather. "This is healthy,” said 
Mike Jacob, an analyst with Sun 
Hung Kai Securities. 

Philippine Long Distance also 
said call volume had increased, 
which analysis said was a harbin- 
ger of strong growth. The compa- 
ny still controls 94 percent of the 
country’s telephone lines. "Many 
foreigners think PLOT remains 
the best buy in Manila,'’ said 
Louie Bate, an analyst with Bar- 
ing Securities. 

Philippine N ation al Bank L the 
country’s largest and most profit- 
able financial institution, ftlsp fdl 

back after soaring 14 percent on 
Tuesday. PNB fell 53 percent to 
dose at 540 pesos. 

(Reuters, Bloomberg AFP) 

■ Auction of Steel Co, Fafls 
The auction of National Sled 
Corp.. the Philippines’ largest 
mill was declared a failure by the 
Philippine government on Thurs- 
day because bids were well below 
the 10 billion peso price target, 
Agence France-Presse reported. 


\ Investor’s Asia 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

h wnw in— | Hold Tritnac 

Very briefly: 

• Vietnam has reached an agreement to sell 300,000 tons of rice annually 
to Iran in a bid to buoy its struggling rice exporters. 

• Motorola Corp. said it planned to increase the number of pagers it 
makes in China by more than half this year to meet booming local 
demand. The company has supplied a third of the 10 million pagers now 
in use in China. 

• Honda Motor Co. said ii would export a total of 1,000 Civic models 
made in Canada to Taiwan and Brazil annually, ihe Japanese daily Nihon 
Keizai Shimbun said. 

• BflM HoUngs Ltd. said it planned to sell stakes in three undeveloped 
coal deposits in Australia. 

• The Asa-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, a grouping of Pacific 
business leaders, recommended that the United States renew China’s 
most-favored -nation status. 

• The PhjSpfanes’ National Statistics Institute said inflation in the 
country rose slightly to 9.8 percent in the year ended in April from 9.7 
percent for the year ended in March. 

• Formosa Plastics Group, one of Taiwan’s largest industrial companies, 
has received permission from Ihe country’s authorities to raise $1.05 
bQtion through an issue of bonds to be sold abroad. 

• Pakistan has banned the export of su£ar to prevent depletion of its 
stocks. Exports rose rapidly following a use in international prices in the 
wake of crop failures in major sugar-producing countries. 

AFP. AFX, Bloomberg 

Gumshoe Catalogs Are a Hit in Japan 

India Bank Workers Go on Strike 

Newspaper revenue in the quar- 
xfefl to 686.7 million dollars from 

The Associated Pros 


7 1 8.4 snQion. Magazine and inserts 
division revenue ftil to 423.9 mfl- 
Kon dollars in the quarter from 
4603 mflhon. 

But analysts said the outlook, for 
those sectors may-, be improving. 
The company’s reduced cover 
races an the British, newspapers 
The Son and The Times hoped 
increase circulation, allowing it to 
iatx advertising rates and revenue. 

‘Their strategy is working,” said 
Craig Connelly, an analyst with 
IB. Were & Son. He predicted a 
turnaround in the division within 
two years. Improvement in the in- 
serts business may be realized even 
sooocr, within about 18 months, he 
said. (Bloomberg, AFX, AFP, Reu- 

TOKYO — Michiko Mizutani. a 
marketing consultant who should 
know a bargain when she sees it, 
has decided that LI.. Bean Inc. is a 
good place to find one. She got her 
plaid shirt, gumshoes and rnono- 
grammed canvas tote bag from that 
venerable American retailer of 
dothing and outdoor goods. 

Miss Mizutani, 27, is one of a 
growing number of Japanese wbo 
have turned to mail-oraer catalogs, 
sudh as those drcnlated by LL. 
Bean, to hdp stretch their yen dur- 
ing the country’s worst economic 
slump since World War IL 

Glassware, computers, kitchen 
appliances, dothing, furniture — 
foreign mailorder companies offer 
almost everything at a cost that, 
even with shipping charges, is often 

around half the price found in Jap- 
anese stores. 

Japanese shoppers pore over the 
glossy, full-color pages with the 
sami- enth usiasm that American 
frontier families had for their 
Montgomery Ward and Sears, 
Roebuck catalogs. 

"Reasonably priced but sophisti- 
cated furniture is just not available 
in Japan,” said Mutsumi Hana- 
shima, a corporate consultant plan- 
ning to order from IKEA a Swed- 
ish company. “I’d rather spend 
money on something I can really 

Catalog sales make only a tiny 
dent in Japan’s worldwide trade 
surplus of more than 5130 billion a 
year, but mail-order companies say 
that Japanese consumers are in- 
creasingly buying from the bulky 

With the Japanese currency 
strong on foreign-exchange mar- 
kets, yen go a lot further abroad 
than at home, where a convoluted 
retail system swarming with mid- 
dlemen drives prices up. 

Joichi I to, president of the Japa- 
nese subsidiary of MacZooe, a U-S. 
distributor of Macintosh-compati- 
ble software, said the company 
used mail order to skirt the cum- 
bersome retail network. 

Discount stores in Japan have 
brought lower prices for some 
products, such as simple electron- 
ics, snack foods and casual cloth- 
ing, bat foreign mail order seems 10 
bold an irresistible cachet for status 
seekers as well as the cost-con- 

ziiie articles explaining bow to do 
it, have eased the »?sk 

Agence France-Presse 

BOMBAY — Banking activity broke down Thursday across India as 
more than 250,000 employees of state-owned banks went on strike to 

"If you know the tricks, it’s sur- 
prisingly easy ” said an article in 
Hotdog, a magazine read by young 
Japanese men. “Not only can you 
purchase items unavailable in Ja- 
pan, you can learn bom catalogs 
how to coordinate fashions.” 

Australia Says NAFTA Could Hurt Asian Exports 

Agence France-Presse 

SYDNEY — Exports from Aus- 
tralia and Aria could be hurt by a 
shift tfprodoction to Mexico in the 
wake of the recently signed North 
American Free Trade Agreemoit, 
an Australian government report 
said Thursday. 

It als o warned that NAFTA 

could encourage the proliferation 
of discriminatory trade a©Mmi«us 
or the division of the world into 
trading blocs to the detriment of 
the multilateral tiwfing system. 

Bm it said NAFTA could also 
jtave beneficial effects m such areas 
us intellectual property rights and 

resohitkav of «fispuies,whkh would 
es tablish important precedents far 
other trade agreements. 

The report, prepared by the De- 
partment of Foreign. Affairs and 
Trade, is an analysis of theimptica- 
tkms for Australia of the NAFTA 
trade pact finking Canada, the 
United States and Mexico, which 
came into effect Jan. 1. 

Among other conclusion*, it in- 
dicates that the impfications are 
worse for some Asian countries 
than for Australia. 

While It found the direct impact 
of NAFTA was tmlikdy to be se- 
vere for Australia, it found that 

some exports, such as coal and car 
coupon ents used by some Arias 
countries in manufacturing their 
exports to North America, could be 
the worst affected 
The report added, “It is possible 
dial co mpani es will shift at least 
part of thOT production from Asian 
countries to Mexico in order to be a 
supplier to the U3. 

likely for textiles, clothing and mo- 
tor vehicle industries, as NAFTA’s 


Alternatively, companies trading 
out of Aria could find themselves 
replaced as suppliers to the North 
American market by others estab- 
lished within NAFTA. 

Such adjustments were most 

provisions were more restrictive 
than those that applied previously, 
the report said. 

Departmental experts say the 
Australian exports most likely to be 
hit were commodities such as cok- 
ing coal, iron ore and other ores 
used in the manufacture of steel 
and coal used for electricity genera- 

Wool and components of larger 
products such as motor vehicle 
parts which are now a significant 
Australian export would also be 
affected, the report says. 


On a given day, Japanese clad 
bcad-io-toe in sportswear and ac- 
cessories from LL Bean, Eddie 
Bauer and Patagonia may outnum- 
ber those wearing domestically 
made clothing. LL Bean, among 
the first foreign companies to tap 
Japan’s mail-order market, says its 
international sales increased 73 
percent last year, to about $100 
million. The company, based in 
Freeport, Maine, has opened two 
retail stores in Tokyo to hdp popu- 
larize its products. 

Some people still have difficulty 
ordering in a foreign lang u ag e and 
dealing with overseas deliveries, 
but Japanese-language catalogs 
and order forms, along with maga- 

Tbe Japanese government’s 
Manufactured Imports Promotion 
Organization is touting foreign cat- 
alogs as part of a campaign to in- 
crease imports and reduce the trade 
surplus. Its library of 1 300 catalogs 
from 20 countries attracted 24,000 
Japanese in 1993, more than dou- 
ble the 9.400 who visited in 1992. 

Sumio Masada, an industrial 
worker who took notes while 
browsing at the library, said be was 
considering several items, includ- 
ing anti-slip sole covers from The 
Safety Zone that cost $19.95. 

‘This takes lots of time and ef- 
fort, but it's challenging, which is 
part of the joy of mail-order shop- 
ping," be said. "The biggest advan- 
tage is the prices.” 

re All-India Bank Officers Confederation, which organized the one- 
day shutdown, said in a statement lhai workers wanted pay rises to make 
up for an additional workload brought about by computerization, plus 
increased medical benefits. 

G.S. Dabotre, deputy chairman of the Indian Banks Association, said 
that "this is not the proper time” for a strike and that it would cause 
tremendous losses to the country. The last nationwide bank strike was 
April 8, and another is scheduled for Wednesday. 

Miss Mizutani, who shows off 
her Bean wear at the office on casu- 
al-dress Fridays, has even convert- 
ed hex parents. “My mother first 
thought it was a store specializing 
in extra-large sizes because of the 
name LL," she said. "But she’s a 
big fan now." 

Telecom Corp. Share Price 
Drops 6.3% in New Zealand 

Bloomberg Business News 

WELLINGTON — Shares of Telecom Corp. of New Zealand 
dived as modi as 63 percent Thursday, helping drag the New 
Zealand Top 40 index more than 3 percent lower. 

Telecom, which is 493 percent-owned by two G3. phone compa- 
nies, Bell Atlantic and Ameritech, wfll announce its a nn ua l financial 
results on Friday. 

Analysts expect an annual net profit of about 530 milli on New 
Zealand dollars ($304 million), a fivefold increase over a year ago. 
They were at a loss to explain the fall in share prices. 

"We’re not going to have any surprises on the earnings front,” said 
Kevin Bennett, an analyst at Doyle Paterson Brown, a brokerage. 
The company reports on a quarterly basis and it's also a very good 

Derek Wkkaiden, a broker at Cavil] White Securities, said, “I 
don't know of any particular reason why, but Telecom has fallen in 
the U3. for the last five days in a row.” 

For the nine months ended Dec. 31, Telecom's profit was up 15.3 
percent at 386 million dollars. 


fffl]V 4 ; Government Moves to Rein In Oil Market 


ofl after July 1. Any other compa- 

mes that need crude oil will have to 

a&not j na i^oa speculation, ane* ^ their requirenKnt to these 

gasoB and crude-ofl imports, but 
other refined products, such as 
jlha and fuel ofl, would not be 

w&ai lip- mni'*- - -<r ~ - -« in, s mocnrai anu Traders said they were skeptical 

for June ddivety jnfflp* 1 be the only companies after July 1 that China would stop importing 

yuan ($287) a memo allowed toimport refined products. pc^nDtomi^ducis altogether. 

S from Wednesday, Forean companies that process "With Oma, the official pmty 

fOT^sam« delivery period rose is rcfinenes will line can be a *ban, but it* possible 

yuan to 2,128 yoan t 5. toIL ijrBpntlv hawtosubnBtnosnim«ionstotfae 

in reduce its 

production to export markets. 

jgUIMM — 

needed to reduce nwnutsa 

ventories 85 it Afo. 

n=sa s&rtfs 

that those companies with special 
reasons can be allowed to impest 
ott a case-by-case basis;” a trader 
with a processing commitment in 
China sa& 

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Page 18 





» oland appears 
poised io play a 
more significant 
role in the devel- 
opment of post-communist 
Europe rhan seemed possi- 
ble even two years ago. 

This is due to a combina- 
tion of economic success 
and political stability, in the 
context of the unexpected 
setbacks in other former So- 
viet satellites. 

Westerners had assumed 
that it would be relatively 
easy to restore democracy in 
the countries of Central and 
Eastern Europe, but they 
were braced for the worst in 
contemplating the economic 
changes thaf would be re- 
quired to wrench the region 
from the stagnant but “safe" 
world of Soviet subsidies 
and central planning to the 
perils and promises of a 
Western capitalist country. 

The opposite appears to be 
the case, at least for Poland. 

The economy seems to be 
expanding almost on auto- 
matic pilot. The “Polish 
shock" changes of 1990 laid 
the groundwork for the U- 
tum in policies that enabled 
Poland to be the first former 
Soviet-satellite country to 
emerge from the industrial 
slump of 1990-91 with an 
economic growth rate of 4 
percent in 1993 - the highest 
in Europe. 

The previously starved 
service sector has taken off. 
There is a consumer boom 
that surpasses any predic- 
tions and also makes a 
mockery of the official in- 

come statistics. Consumer 
imports from the European 
Union jumped from 7.7 per- 
cent in I9SS to 15.3 percent 
in 1992. with overall imports 
rising to 29 percent, while 
exports were only S.l per- 
cent. The proliferation of 
new stores continues at a 
fast pace. And there are buy- 
ers. providing markets not 
just for Western imports but 
also for the Polish producers 
who are finding their footing 
in the market. 

The economic boom is 
messy and is unevenly fell. 
The tax system, with some 

Growth rate 
reaches 4 percent 

of the highest rates in Eu- 
rope (49 percent payroll tax- 
es for employers and 40 per- 
cent rates for individuals), 
has caused a tax revolt that is 
spurring innovative “consul- 
tative" structures in the 
workplace. That worsens the 
troubled national budgetary 
picture, especially with the 
still-formidable load of so- 
cial safety-net health and 
pension costs. 

The recent London Club 
debt settlement should be a 
big spur to construction pro- 
jects, many of which have 
been curbed by a lack of 
Western bank backing. Jan 
Jakobsche, director of the 
Warsaw City Council's de- 
velopment office, says, “We 
have three or four projects 
ready to go.” 

Balancing that step for- 
ward is concern about the 
new wave of strikes. “All 
these Factors matter." Mr. 
Jakobsche says. “People 
who know Poland and have 
been here for some time op- 
erate without any attention 
to the internal factors like 
strikes, but for the newcom- 
ers they could create fear." 

The economy may be on 
an amazingly steady upward 
trajectory, but individual ap- 
prehensions about what lies 
ahead have contributed to a 
political turbulence that con- 
tinues unabated. The reasons 
are partly the impact of 
those same “shock" policies 
that are cause for celebration 
for economic analysts, and 
partly the disintegration of 
the worker-elite Solidarity 
coalitions that had been 
backed by half the society in 
the 1 9S0$. 

The Western assumptions 
that it would be easy to re- 
store civil society and to en- 
courage the creation of 
“self-interest" groups that 
had been prohibited under 
state socialism have proven 
to be off base. 

Society remains politically 
atomized, with few of the 
national political parties 
having any local bases out- 
side of a handful of major 

Ironically, while most po- 
litical. union and media at- 
tention is focused on the dra- 
matic strikes of coal miners 
protesting potential cutbacks 
under restructuring plans or 
farmers blocking trucks car- 


The new and the old (top. left to right): Warsaw's first McDonald's, with the So'/iet-donaied Palace of Culture In the backgroundjCo^rracus (1473- 

modem astronomy, is honored on banknotes; telecommunications are being brought into the 20th century; (bottom) a statue of King iiigt smuno , wno maae wanaw/pegg 

tal in the 16th century, separates the symbols o: modem Warsaw, the businessman on the phone and stock-exchange dealers trading privatization shares. , : 

rying Western imports, jobs 
are being created by the mil- 
lions in the booming service 
and retail sectors, as well as 
in many greenfield manufac- 
turing plants. 

In many heavy industries, 
workers who oppose privati- 
zation are outvoted by those 
who want outside invest- 
ment, technology, manage- 
ment - and the higher wages 
that may go with them. This 
was the* case at the Szczecin 
shipyard, which has just 
completed the first stage of 
the privatization that began 
in 1991. Ships are now be- 

ing turned out every five 
months, compared with 
every 15 months under the 
past regime, with wages al- 
most triple the national aver- 
age. at above 9 million zlo- 
tys labour 5-MX*> a me nth. 

With a highly educated 
population of 3S.5 million 
(many have advanced de- 
grees. but there is also a rich 
mix of factory-floor engi- 
neering and mechanical 
skills). Poland's homogene- 
ity is now counted as a ma- 
jor stabilizing factor. 

The Poles' emerged from 
state socialism with a so- 

phisticated industrial base, 
especially in heavy industry 
and defense-related fields, 
but also with a vast array of 
factories producing low-tech 
and often low-quality goods 
for monopoly markets. 

There was a dire neglect 
of even basic repairs to the 
industrial infrastructure; the 
imperative had been to pro- 
duce. with little money used 
for technological improve- 
ments. When Thomson 
Polkolor bought controlling 
shares in a suburban War- 
saw color-television tube- 
manufacturing plant built in 

the 1970s, it had to replace 
thousands of meters of glass 
and pipes. But the work 
force had high skills and a 
high incentive to get on with 
the job. At Thomson Pol- 
kolor, production in the first 
hill year of operation sur- 
passed the output of the en- 
tire previous history of the 

When the Swiss-Swedish 
power-engineering group 
Asea Brown Boveri Ltd. 
(ABB) made its first joint- 
venture forays in Poland in 
1 990, it brought in Swiss en- 
gineers to consult with 


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Warsaw Real Estate Market 

The commercial property market in Warsaw was brought back to life by the economic and poli- 
tical changes that occured in Poland at the end of 1980. It has seen rapid rental growth over the 
last two years, which has left the top rents at incredibly high levels, easily competitive with those 
of the Parisian Golden Triangle and the City of London. 

Since 1990. the demand for office space in Warsaw has not ceased to increase. The yealy take- 
up rate has boomed from about 10,000 square meter per year in 1989 to 80,000 - 120,000 sq.m, in 
199J. and is likely to increase beyond over this figure. With the limited supply of office space and 
especially of ’top specification” premises lat the end of 1992 amounting to about 280,000 sq.m.), 
the long-term demand is far from being satisfied. Not withstanding the recent increase in "top 
specification" office space on the market (from 1 60,000 sq.m. in 1989 to 280.000 sq.m, at the end of 
l°°2). top prices have stabilized at high levels of $45 to $55 sq.m/month for the best locations in 
downtown Warsaw such as the Marriott - UM Center on Jerozolimskie Avenue and die Blue Tower 
on Plac Bankowy. The poorer quality offices in downtown Warsaw achieve rents between $10 and 
$30 sq mAnontn, depending on required renovations, telecommunications facilities, location, etc 

Warsaw is lust a step away from invasion of major retail distribution chains such as Marks & 
Spencer, Pizza Hut. McDonalds and Burger King. Their arrival will mean a growing need for further 
development on the shop market The rental rates in bo rough -owned premises are usually dicta- 
ted by each borough's social and development policy, ana generally are much lower than for 
comparable premises on the "free market" In downtown Warsaw, rent range in Zfoty equivalents 
from So to $30 sq m/month, depending on the location and the type of shop to be installed, in 
other districts, they can go as low as $2 sq.m ./month. On the "free market’ the rents range current- 
ly from $35 to $80 sq.m^month. Top prices are found in the most exclusive premiseslocated in 
the newest centers, bur a market rate for a well-located shop is doser to $45 to $60 sq.m./month. 

Industrial areas cover about 2.000 hectares, equivalent to about 5% of the total area of Warsaw. 
Rems vary from $2 to sq.m./month. depending on the location and the amount of refurbish- 
ment required The ones in greatest demand are the premises located within a 10 kilometer- 
radius of the Warsaw Okede Airport Sale prices range anywhere from $150 to $350 sq.m, for pro- 
duction halls located in Warsaw to $100 to $170 sq.m, for buildings situated at a distance of 25 
kilometers from the city. 

Source: Couiimf & Kuhns - BounJi/is, 00950 'Norzawa, Krafmrsfde przedmiescie 13. 

workers and oiani^ers^Lkr-.. 
traducing steam ahd gas-*®- : 
bine technology; as 
on more genent^gjfip^: 
control and plant-roan age- 
ment issues. Thr^ybanis£ 
er. the Polish workefsfate 
teaching the Rus&^"4U:. 
new ABB facility 
Petersburg. 1 y 
ABB's director m ^ 
David Hunter, say$ that F&- " 
ish workers can be, 
ductive as any in the 
The products of ABBfafi? • 
Polish plants are bedng^og- 
in the United States; Fin- 
land, Crete and elseiiKte- 

Facts and Figure^ 
About theGtct;. 

Warsaw, together 
surrounding area, ihakeffljfc^ 
agglomeration of 2.45' 
inhabitants. . 

Some 77,000 econonneanfr 
ties are registered withto the 
city limits; of this figure, 
approximately lJ,$Qjpr;artf 
industrial plants (qverWta^. 
onesi and 34,900 fiade outlet*. 
The electro-machine. Industry 
Is dominant iii Warsaw, tt 
manufactures automobiles, 
tractors, ana 
construction equipment 
The service sectnfaccounts 
for about 30% of tiitteconpBnc 
potential of the rity *94 £ 
developing dynamically, pspe. 
dally financial, Insurance, ww 
transportation se bribes.; 

Employment charts passe^ 
640,000 persons. Thedty.ouos: 
a highly qualified walk few*- 
The unemployment ratt.fetf* 
lowest Jn the country, oriy 4* 
Warsaw is Poland's largest 
scientific and cultural ’ 

is the seat of seven state 
13 non-state universities ; 

colleges, under the' auspices oj 
the Ministry of National; 
Education, with anenrccnWJV 
of 72,300 full-time student* 
The largest of these Is W 
University of Warsaw 125£». 
students), followed by 
Technical University tlfil™ 
students}. ..J 

The City has 44 
12.205 beds. Three of these 
hotels have five stars. 

Warsaw is a city of 598.W»‘ 
dwellings; 80% of these; wg* 
built after the war. The ***ȣ 
per capita usable floor aft? 
works out to ITsquaretna* 1 * 
(183 square feet). . 

The Department of 

The Department of 
Development Promotion of the 
Warsaw City Council promotes 
activities rn sucl. fields as real 
estate transactions, the deve- 
lopment of municipal infra- 
structure and the participation 
of private capital in the restruc- 
turing of communal enterprises 
and municipal construction 

The city is interes'ed in col- 
laboration in the realm ot buil- 
ding municipal infrastructure 

facilities hotels, roil -service 
centers, hu:-: '.♦,*« centers nnji- 
tistorv g.irjiges. era 

The Department provides 
detailed inform ition and 
contacts as well as assistance 
easing developer and investor 
operations in Warsaw The 
Department of Development 
Promotion also aid- in j.ivem- 
aic,. and ether lx. nr..- •,'t econo- 
mic wvT.viiies .viriiin’ Warsaw 

us Jir.\llii 

The [ji-pjrtflft'nl of rVui'liifuni'n! 

PwhwIipn rj Hi* 1 Witruiir Cily 

Covnnl may be reached at Ute foOmtiny 

Phone 20-ttHte-Fax. 3’>-t2HjS-« 
Telex. SI -65-29 

As ueH ns diititiu in die City Council 
Offer. suHr 1 20 (P 1st Bankova 3/5) 

"■-'.-sr Warsaw 

~"a International 


A decision taken by 
' the Authorities of the 

ra f \ J Capital Cily of Warsaw 

V-j" 1 ] | has sel up the Warsaw 

/ , I Fair and Exhibition 

- .. — Center. Ltd . which is 

1 condudinR preparato- 

+ ry work on the 

— yi ~ construction of ihe 

Fair Center In Waisow. 
m cxceprtonailfy attractive location 
between the airport and the Cily 
Ceniei rt*ns envisage the building o! 
tnodem exhibition nails, a hole) and 
d conference tenter, ail lulhlling world 
■■landards The erection ol a large 
c-jmmwirijl center is abu being consi- 

This exciting protect it something 
infill taking part m 

Palace of Culture and Science BuitciNfif 

Warsaw Conference Center . 

Best Address I Most beaudfuTroo® 5 

Most prestigious offices 

Largest p^ddftgarw 

• Office space. lumished or non-fumished. with any number of tetepfosCS'-- 

lacsimlte machines, tele* machines, and computes. . *> 

Far htlemulian catt- 603-0 1 -00 Or 20-86-40. . , 

• Exhibition halls with a total area ol 6,000 m2 104.74659* 1 ^ rj/ 

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• The Congressional Hall, seating 2.M0 excellent acoustics; ie« otdiB&&r- . 

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Per information talL t/rt-0 1 -JO or 20-40-80 ‘ 


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ill Niecala 2. CO-o^O Warsaw. 

Tel 148-221 27 W j;. (J8-22 i 27 W 22 

. . oflen 

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projea services withm J 

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corrtmund real Ktate pm- 

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Tel 148-22) 2 1 *\i2. Fax. 27 3<j ” 
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uL ; 

nwng reduced to rubble during World, Warsaw has been carefuiiy rebuilt, often reproducing the old architecture, into an elegant fkjwer-fil fed city. 

ISfeesaw-sri:- ' 

nar -.clt-’ 
: 4s?s .: 

Ciiv -i* '■ 
; : 

icj'wft V.. 

sr, to? i : - 

£«-“ ** " 



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tfe-dt * • 

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S5 «•:;■•••• 

et-r»vi » 


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■v ■ 

ft* t ; 

m T'xr 

?k?T-‘ •« 

the Path of Real-Estate Investors 

» ! airing. potential 
j investors with 
. property they can 
develop is not al- 
ways easy in post-Commu- 
nist Poland, where property 
rights from the past affect' 
the present options in often 
dramatic ways. 

Abandoned -warehouses 
may be ideal for storage or 
distribution, and. empty lots, 
in prime downtown loca- 
tions are promising green- 
field sites, but there can be 
costly, hair-raising delays in 
getting clear title to these 

Four years into the reform 
process, however, acquiring 
property is getting easier, al- 
though all theproblems.have 
not been solved. On nation- 
al. regional and municipal 
levels, emergency efforts are 
under way to streamline die - 
process and to provide clear- 
inghouse, offices : for lit- ' 
vestors — at least for the lat- 
est information about what 
is available arid what heeds 

to be pursued further before 

■ ownership questions are 
* cleared up. 

: l That job is easier in some 
j cities and towns than others. 
| In many cities, the former 
Communist government na- 
tionalized some properties 
but not others, and former 
owners can often prove 
property claims with deeds 

■ that can be verified, leaving 
only the price to be deter- 

; Warsaw, the most sought- 
: after city in terms of prime 
; downtown real-estate space 
. and the industrial property 
surrounding it, posed prob- 
lems from the outset. The 
downtown area was almost 
totally destroyed by waves 
of aerial bombing 50 years 
ago this August, when the 
Warsaw uprising occurred. 

When the Soviet rulers 
succeeded the Germans at 
the end of World War II,' 
they nationalized all private 
property in Warsaw, and the 
rebuilding began. A half 

: centmy later, when the first 
Solidarity government be- 
gan changing the economic 
and political systems, priva- 
tizing state-owned property 
was a priority. Accomplish- 
ing this was difficult, espe- 
cially' since hundreds of 
thousands of people paid a 
pittance in rent for apart- 
ments built on the ruins of 
prewar Warsaw. 

One of the first property 
changes had symbolic value 
as well as real conse- 
quences: the Communist 
Party was stripped of its 
massive downtown “white 
house.” which was renovat- 
ed to house the Warsaw 
stock exchange and offices 
for state banks and interna- 
tional development agen- 

In 1 990. many “stores” 
operated on the sidewalks 
from rudimentary folding ta- 
bles or camping tents, be- 
cause there was no way to 
free up. the thousands of 
empty street-level spaces in 

the gigantic bureaucracies, 
office buildings and apart' 
mem complexes. 

Today, street trading con- 
tinues, but tens of thousands 
of small and large stores 
have opened to brisk cus- 
tomer traffic on all major 
streets. The consumer boom 
has accelerated as a result. 

The Warsaw Develop- 
ment Office of the Warsaw 
city government has taken 
the offensive in helping in- 
vestors find their footing. It 
has surveyed the city’s emp- 
ty plots and vacant property 
to find out which of them 
have clear titles and are 
available for immediate pur- 
chase or leasing bids. Some- 
times the land is owned by 
the city itself, a legacy of the 
1945 nationalization pro- 
cess, and in some cases, the 
city can make a deal with an 

. The city has prepared a 
map showing empty spaces 
and empty buildings. Piotr 
Urbanski. deputy director of 

Crowded Shelves Tempi’ Customers 

^ ; here is a con- 
sumer. ' boom 
under way. .in 
Poland that de- 
fies the official statistics, 
which show low incomes 
and relatively tight discre- 
tionary-spending budgets. 

The fast growth, m retail 
stores has provided outlets 
for the surge of consumer 
goods. These were at first 
produced in the West and 
imported but- increasingly, 
homegrown products are 
getting brand-name recogni- 
tion and are vying for cus- 
tomers with high-glitz pack- 
aging and marketing. 

This growth has been 
made possible, in part, by 
the near-total meltdown of 
die previous organization of 
stores and the emergence of 
more contemporary retail 

One of the understated 

factors has been the appear- 
ance of- self-rservice stores.. 
They did not exist under the 
previous political-economic 
. system, nvhicb dictated near- 
ly every facet of-who sold 
what to whom. “Customer 
service” was not high .on that 

Before 1990, the long 
lines outside nearly every 
small storefront were due to 
fee “shortage economy.” in 
which demand did not deter- 
mine supply, and to the way 
the retail sector was orga- 
nized.; • • 

There were no drugstores 
or grocery stores, let alone 
specialized hardware, beau- 
ty-cans or health-food stores. 
The. state-owned Ruch 
kiosks were the one-stop 
outlets for virtually all non-- 
food items, inducting news- 
papers .and magazines, ciga- 
rettes, soap, condoms, lip- 

stick. deodorant and even 
bus tickets. The few excep- 
tions were stores organized 
! genetically.. such as the pa- 
pierosy stores - the only 
places to find anything con- 
nected with paper, such as 
notepads, file folders, sta- 
tionery and toilet paper. . 

in these shops, as in the 
cramped grocery, milk, 
bread or meat shops, store 
. clerks were on one' side of 
the counter with the goods 
behind them and customers 
were on ibe other side, 
crowding against each other. 
" Impatience and short tem- 
pers were the norm, espe- 
cially since shopping was 
squeezed into the working 
day because stores closed 
early, by government fiat. 

■ Today, there are 24-hour 
•stores selling groceries or 
liquor, and providing rental 
cars or duplicating, services. 

Specialized shops, including 
pet stores, garden-service 
shops; computer equipment 
and software stores, beauty 
salons, perfume shops and 
contemporary home-fur- 
nishing markets, are doing 
exploding business. 

Everywhere, self-service 
is becoming the norm. This 
has fueled a huge increase in 
customers and in sales. Pro- 
ducers sometimes do their 
own door-to-door marketing 
and delivery, while distribu- 
tion channels involve trucks, 
warehouses, and sales and 
supply staffs. 

In Warsaw and a growing 
number of other cities, there 
are not only warehouse- 
sized food markets but also 
many medium-sized mar- 
kets packed with an enor- 
mous variety of food prod- 
ucts vying for eye-level 
shelf or freezer space. 

‘ . section was produced in its entirety by the supplements division of the International Herald Tribune's 

•It ivaswiitten by Peggy Sin^son. a Warsaw-based- free-lance writer who specializes in eco- 

nomic and business affairs. 

the city council's develop- 
ment office, says, “This is 
only a first step. You have to 
look at cl car- title issues after 
this." The Warsaw Develop- 
ment Office helps in that 
process, too. but Mr. Urban- 
ski assumes that most in- 
vestors have their own 
lawyers and investment 
counselors to deal with 
dear-tide issues. 

Many key downtown sites 
have been developed, in- 
cluding several new busi- 
ness centers, four-star hotels 
and office and shopping- 
mall complexes outside the 
center. Mr. Urbanski has a 
list of potential downtown 
development sites, including 
a $250 million. 300.000- 
square-meter plot adjacent 
to the central railroad sta- 
tion. Right now. the space is 
occupied by a ma2e of bus 
and taxi lanes, but these 
could be rerouted to accom- 
modate a major hotel and of- 
fice skyscraper complex, ac- 
cording to Mr. Urbanski. 

ens of thousands 
JO yi of Poles are play- 
IJP $£| ing the stock 
market. This ex- 
plains its explosive growth, 
with the volume of daily 
transactions surpassing 
those of major Western 
stock markets. 

That has been a mixed 
blessing. The president of 
the stock exchange, Wies- 
law Rozlucki. says that the 
breadth of individual ac- 
counts indicates a commit- 
ment by rank-and-file Poles 
to the market but also makes 
the exchange highly volatile. 
In one week in April 1994, 
for example, the exchange 
plunged by more than 30 

The massive, unpredicted 
surge to the market in 1993 
and early 1994. after a slow 
first two years, overtaxed 
the available supply of bro- 
kers and the capacity of the 
telecommunications net- 
work linking customers to 

The 700 percent rise in 
share prices, the highest in 
the world, alarmed many an- 
alysts, who said prices were 
far beyond what earnings in 
the 23 companies then being 
traded might warrant. 

The Poles, however, sold 
other assets and took second 
or third jobs to get into the 
market. They formed hours- 
long lines outside the be- 
sieged brokerage houses, 
clamoring to buy shares or 
to open new accounts. 

Wien the exchange began 
in 1991, seven companies 
were listed, and average 
transactions for the first year 
were below 1 ,000 per trad- 
ing session. 

By April 1994, there were 
more than 60.000 transac- 
tions each session. “The ac- 
tivity of our exchange is a 
good indicator of future 
growth,” Mr. Rozlucki says. 
“The average turnover has 

been about Si million a 

The bottlenecks in clear- 
ing such huge numbers of 
orders took their toll, com- 
ing to a head during the 
chaotic trading days after the 
introduction of stock for 
Bank Siaski early this year. 
A key Finance Ministry 
deputy minister and re- 
former. Stefan Kawalec, 
was blamed for underpricing 
the shares on behalf of the 
government after they shot 
up to levels dozens of times 
higher than the original of- 
fering bid. 

Partly because so few 
shares were offered and be- 
cause the brokerage house 
handling the shares was late 
in sending out confirmation 
orders, the price kept sky- 
rocketing. There were 
800,000 transactions for the 
bank stock, driving the in- 
vestment activity to unex- 
pected levels. 

At the end of 1993. there 
were 28.000 investment ac- 
counts; by February 1994, 
after the Bank Siaski stock 

Pawlak took no steps to fol- 
low up his Parliamentary 

rhetoric that might alarm in- 
vestors. So far. for instance, 
stock-market gains remain 
lax free. 

Analysis expect ihat liq- 
uidity in the stock market 
will ease the turmoil. By the 
end of the year, Mr. Rozluc- 
ki expects there to be at least 
50 companies on the market. 
Once the mass privatization 
program is in full gear, an- 
other 300 to 500 companies 
could be traded on the mar- 
ket, via shares in the Nation- 
al Investment Funds. 

Mr. Rozlucki is bracing 
for further stock market 
drops and has been prepar- 
ing Western analysis for that 
prospect. He notes that tens 
of thousands of Poles are 

n the P ! 

nany oi 

went on sale, there were 
nearly 550.000 accounts. 
This increased both anxiety 
and logistical problems. By 
spring 1994, many more 
brokers were opening their 
doors, including some for- 
eign banks with offices here. 

Dozens of other compa- 
nies prepared to put them- 
selves on the stock ex- 
change. But toe trouble over 
Bank Siaski may have pro- 
vided the push that caused 
April’s major tumble. 

Critics of the exchange in- 
cluded Prime Minister 
W aide mar Pawlak. whose 
year-end 1993 speech to 
Parliament implied that 
stock-market gains were not 
entirely legitimate - that real 
wealth came only from fac- 
tory production, an echo of 
past state-socialist dogma. 
Significantly, however. Mr. 

The huge volume of activity on 
the Warsaw Stock Exchange 
puts a strain even on modem 

learning the ropes of the 
market and. judging by what 
has happened in recent 
decades in other emerging 
democratic, capitalist coun- 
tries like Thailand. Malaysia 
and Taiwan, “once people 
are interested, they will 

yduriprofessional partner 

in the' fastest growing economy in Europe 

Poland's. GDP grew al.a 4 % annua! rate in 1833, with industrial output up by 6.2V:, - the highest growth rate ir. 
trend is expected to continue. 

PAIZ’s mission is to attract foreign investors 
to Poland, help them identify suitable options 
and provide assistance throughout the 
investment process. 


: ne Agency: 

• compiles all essential information 
related to foreign investment process 
organizes and participates in fairs, 

• meetings and seminars in Pciand and 

• maintains and expands 

a comprehensive contact network with 
ail relevant centra!, regional, and 
international organizations 

• identifies and develops individual 
investment opportunities throughout 

• assists Polish authorities tc improve 
laws relating tc foreign investment 

PAIZ - the Polish Agency 
for Foreign investment 
Aleja Roz 2 

00-559 Warsaw, Poland 

Tel: (+482) 621 62 61, 

621 89 04, 621 06 23 
Fax: (+482) 621 06 23 
Satellite: (+4839) 12 04 44 

Z Information Centre ; 
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nfermaren Centre officers on: 
tvovice persons; assistance a: 
develop individual action plans 
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•; . : •Y\^j,T>VERTI s INO‘ SECTION. 

Tourism: An Opportunity 
Waiting to be Exploited 

eland is a coun- 
{‘^ > try of lakes and 

#.£ mountains. his- 

tone castles and 
ancient city squares. In 
short, it could be a tourist 
haven. but .-<0 far. that is the 
potential, not the reality. 

The number of foreign 
visitors to Poland nearly 
tripled between 1990 and 
1993. from 22 million to 60 
m.'JJi* >n. 

Some were consultants, 
part >f the “Marriott 
brigade' - of foreign advisors 
on privatization or banking 
reform. Increasingly, they 
v.ere teal tourists as Veil as 
travel agents scouting the 

Today, viilh most resorts 
no k>i’.aei financed by state 
enterprise >. theie is a glut of 
unused, low-tech vacation 
homes in Poland that can be 
rented or purchased by out- 

More than 2.000 of them 
are comrolied by the Em- 
ployees Holiday Fund coor- 
dinated by OPZZ. the lat iot 
union once attached to the 
Communist Party. Hundreds 
of other resorts are con- 
trolled by medium- and 
iarge-sized companies, 
which are scaling back such 
"social" and "non-produc- 

tive ' assets as they approach 
the capitalist market. 

The problem in develop- 
ing Poland's tourist industry 
is far more complex than 
lack of money. In the past, 
there were few hotels, and 
there are not many today, 
beyond the vast network 
owned by Orbis. once the 
state tourism monopoly, 
which is now in the process 

Holiday cottages 
become available 

of being divided into sepa- 
rate commercial entities, 
with employees and man- 
agers owning most of the as- 
sets. Orbis hotels are a 
mixed hag. with most need- 
ing much renovation. There 
isTittle competition from 
other private hotels in most 

In addition, there is a vac- 
uum in the most basic infor- 
mation about tourist attrac- 
tions. from maps to comput- 
er-connected travel agen- 
cies. and the amenities that 
underlie any tourist industry: 
road signs, rest stops, cafifs 
and equipment-rental shops. 

There now are 7.000 trav- 
el aeencies in the country. 

and some communicate with 
each other via computers 
and reservations networks. 
Most do not. 

A beginning has been 
made, however, in develop- 
ing tourism facilities. Wind- 
surfing is taking off as a wa- 
ter sports in the Mazury lake 
district, where local entre- 
preneurs are starting wind- 
surfing camns. sailbuai races 
and summer campgrounds. 

Some enterprising viiluge 
and town mayors from the 
Mazury Lake districts are 
looking lor tourism models 
in rural France and Italy and 
returning home to help kical 
farm families learn the ba- 
sics of setting up a national 
bed- and- break fast network. 

A rare manually operated 
set of locks and dams on the 
interconnected lakes from 
Ostroda to Malborg is being 
renovated and will be intro- 
duced to a broader public 
this spring for boat trips 
from two hours to 15 hours 
long, as well as a high-speed 
boat trip to St. Petersburg 
and back. 

Western -trained managers 
of new private travel agen- 
cies. such as Warsaw's Pol- 
ish Travel/Quo Vadis. are 
working hard to attract for- 
eign tourists, and new as so- 

First Stfps on Road 
To Mass Shari -Owning 

Credit cards are accepted in the new Warsaw, even by artists sett- 
mg pictures on the street 

ci aborts of private tourist-in- 
dustry owners have been or- 
ganized by Polish Travel's 
Dariusz PaJecki to compete 
for the foreign tourist trade. 
They also intend to put pres- 
sure on their towns and 
cities to cut through red tape 
that thwarts progress in set- 
ting up new cafes and tourist 

A foreign -owned agency. 
Will Rogers Travel, is help- 
ing the growing Western 
community' explore the vast 
outdoors activities that Poles 
have known about, all along, 
from mountain hiking to ca- 
noeing in the Mazury lakes. 

Andrzej Voigt, a vice 
president of the'State For- 
eign Investment Agency 
fPAIZi. is also on the board 
of Orbis and is helping coor- 

dinate foreign-aid efforts to 
develop tourist potential in 
Poland. Help with tourism 
infrastructure is coming 
from the European Union's 
Phare Fund. The Foundation 
for Development of Polish 
Agriculture is helping rural 
women to set up bed and 
breakfasts for tourists. 

“The demand is here.” 
says Mr. Voigt. “This is be- 
coming quite a competitive; 
market. We need more tour' 
operators within the country 
who will market Poland and 
prepare tourism offers. We 
have a countryside that is 
very interesting - old cas- 
tles. old palaces, monu- 
ments, mountains, the sea - 
and this information is not 
well exploited. It’s a big op- 

y the middle . of 
1 9.94"i: Poland’s 1 

ten-delayed : rnass 

privatization 'program - ' vwtf : 
take a big stepfwwaKl vtfjdii ; 
the government. chaoses, 
managers for the National 
Investment Funds. fNIJFs), 
which will control a portfo- 
lio of 20 to 30 state-owned 
enterprises. : * v ’ . 

Up to 600 eriserprises wtS 
‘eventually be included in the; 
NIFs, and shares in. most of 
them will be available 
through the stock exchange. 
All adult Poles will get .a 
package of shares as their in- 
vestment in Poland's transi- 
tion to democratic capital- 
ism. They can keep.sell'or 
trade the shares. The experts 
expect all but about 500,000 
of the 10 million eligible 
Poles to sell their shares. . . 

The competition for fund 
managers was delayed for 
years by the recurring politi- 
cal paranoia about foreign 
influence. While such con- 
cerns as assuring that Pedes 
had a sizable presence ori 
the supervisory boards were 
addressed, the program went 
through many transforma- 
tions. In the meantime, for- 
eign investors had. time to; 
show that they would create 
jobs and weakh for the 
country. . 

More than three dozen ih-_ 
vestment bankers and other, 
fund-management experts 
competed for the NIF man- 
agement jobs. and thousands 

West Meets East to Talk Economics in 

Poland is moving quickly to. 
strengthen security and economic 
ties to the West through NATO’s 
Partnership for. Peace program 
and expanded links to the Euro- 
pean Union, with' the eventual 
aim of full Polish EU member- 

Chi M;.y 6. Poland becomes the 
f i “st of the former Soviet bloc 
satellites to host a meeting of die 
economic ministers of -the 

world’s seven major industrial-' 
ized coa'ntirtes ftfie G-7) and the 
economic 'chiefs from the re- 
gion’s id emerging democracies, 
Yhe roeeJing will take place in 

The sometimes overwhelming 
problems that face the tri East 
European countries will once 
.again be; the main item on the 
agenda, along with the sort of 
help that can be expected from 

Western- governments and in^ • 
vestors. \ 

Poland takes pride zn -the -' 
choice of Warsaw as the site, for . 
the meeting, seeing an iixS- •' 
caror of tire photo), role Poland 
can play internationally. The . 
country offer's an example of the 
boons that can be brought about / 
hy a change of direction front* ' 
state socialism toward a market V 
economy. • 

be * 

economic .frefoti? :taa ft 

■jeered feWaifc a ;yea£, ■/ 

from .(Ssrmaasy v.. 

■ States' 

major 0$ 


even ^ - 

more appIied ito. be on the ; 
supervisory boards; - V- I * 
This is expected to be. fa r : 
more Of a han&ron restrain : 
: hiring process dan tne-.rior-- 
rnal manageritentof aniir-.. 
vestment '-portfolio. -It may -, 
also' remain a political ; pres-J 
sure; cooker. enterprise 
can be made competitive:' 
only by sbedditig obsolete 
functions,' the; issue of what., 
happens to.fbe T workers ; em- ; ; 
ployed there wTU be close! y- 
watched by Partiainent arid* 
the wd&erifthemsdves.' • 
‘in American terms. this 
would be more like venture , 
capital funds.” says- Jerzy j 
Ttueme. the.gqdfather. of the : 

Westerhinoneyl ' \ 

' is channeled _• 

.; into Poland 

. M il Mf ■■■ ! ■■■■. 

NIFs arid a former Citibank 
executive in London who' 
has survived. four different 
administrations' to supervise- 
the development of .'the/ 
NIFs. ^Fnrindhitenns^ they; 
would-be seen, as. develops 
ment funds. The ppint" is,.’ 
. this. is lao:- active approach;'; 
not a passive role as' would- 
be true for trust fondii^Ulti- 1 
mately, the NIF shares ‘•‘wilL 
increase die capital market; 
in Poland by -K)to20. times;' 
the current- level,” -M t: . 
Thieme sa$rs; wititup toyffQs. 
companies, goin^Orirthe; . 
stock exchange through the , 
NIFs in* the coming years:.. 

The value of the package 
-of -shares that wRt go 'thi- 
every' Pole over the age -of 
18- will be set atarouh'd ; 
50,000 zlotys (about ;S22)V 
Each Pole will titen have the; 
option of becoiBiug a playcr 
ori foemaiket ^Tdkrat-haVr.' 
ing to- pay steep brokerage- 
fees. .What . that .wilL- buy.'bU 
terms of , the .wcMfo of -eopt, r 
panies withiri the NJF.pcst-^ 
folios,' will havebeen setby 
the «tock marioet itself. ^We 
will avoid tiiue-consiiHimg 
.asset evaJuatkm proceSses;” 
Mr.Thiarie saysr capL‘ : 
tal market rote cannot bd’ 
overestimated.”' J •) 
Three years ago, critics' 

'; worried that the. market 
cotiid.noL “absorb a mdlion 
^-•'in vestm'e nt i n tangibles. 
Mr. Thiemc says.- but the 
maturation of the stock, mar- 

i. ket has eased those fears. 

: ; li We estimated that we 
/: might' have. 500.G00 people 

Actively involved as a result 

j . Of these shares, V*. 3 *' 

breads .have. ntDre ' 
,f 500,000 investment ac- 
r counts open today ,” hc adds. 

The settletrt^tt oftiieLon- 
■' don -Club debt spring. 

- was a major inceritrye- for 

j. new investors Jx> step m, and 
V a half-dozen, or more invest- 
?. mentfui^s the weak?. 

. The : EuropOrin Union s 

• : P hare Him" d h as commis- 
; siotied r a study of sEate- 
;-.o wned enterprises with-be- 

- t*een 250 and ,500 employ- 
."ees tbat niay be weil-raan-; 

, c ageil and profitable but bad . 
'; gotten lost in. tiier urged t a£- 
Vtertipts to" privatize- the gi- 
l^gnntie.enter{mseS i . : • - 
Thfi group is iriso the fo- 
. : cus of. venture capitalist L.<p^ . 

• Bomt. who raised $42 mil- 
•; lion for, Pp.lisb in vestments 

by trading. -his International.. 
VUNP . Holdings- .. on the 
•: Toronto .stock exchange. 

' “We; are the; only forei gn 

• con^pany that, invars, direct- 
ly ; in ffolancl arid; whose ; 

• stock is iraded ih.'thri West,” 
he sajre:' r Mb« : of the shares 

; are held by 30-Tkcge instiiu- 
i tipnalinvestors.^^ 

; Morgan: ancPMcugan Stari : ; 
leyL Mr; Bonar.^udied more 
’ .titen : 500 enterprises, looked 
more closely ar 50 and as of 
■March teitevessted hvtbrce,- 
with a balf-dozenother deals 
contemp rated- m the next 
year. • V • ] 

Until now. the cajjital^pri-' 

' vatization process has been 
tortflrous. partly because it 
has-been ^ politicized. Witfi 
signoff s ,froml- Workers. 
;Colmcilsctften more 
} freely than.'pernriss^JGDtim 
;- key gbyenmierit ministries. 

• Many state-owned enteri 3 ^ 5 ;- 
: «s became . pri vate . through 
/ liquidations; -wSi, assets be^ 
: ;-;ii^dLvjded.fOT; sale in;se^~“ 

: the capital prfvatizritiori ' 
'■ process. *- ! - : 

Can you rebuild a ’ The collapse of the; Cornecon revealed a desolate j “ 

nation’s industry iadpis trial and econo su c .Easterri Euiop land- , ; 

without starting all over scape ;- unwieldy: sbuctures . operating in e£6- : 
from scratch? • • ... aently arid -creating 'la^ge-scale. abrise; of the. -r 

environment. So ils your problem, foo.-.l . : ; : - r;"V'= 

Bankrupt economies can’t rebuild themselves from scratch, but 
Western expertise and investment can be attracted to help. In 
May 1990, ABB formed a joint venture; with ’ two Polish com- 
panies lacking the key skills necessary to survive in a competitive 
world economy.. Technology transfer . c agreements , were signed,* 
and the new ABB Zamech restructured 1 : every op crating - function, 
installing dear liries' of. responsibility. Within 18 months ; the 
Polish company had been transformed into a center of excellence V: 
for the manufacture of gas and steam turhines. Production times 
had been halved. And by 1991 ABB 2^medv was using about one 
third less eledriaty, gas and water per unit of production.' 

With total commitment on all sides, the effective transfer of 
yOU Call.. technology, skills arid responsibility to .’local management can 

work wonders - both for the economy of Eastern* Europe arid the 

world we all share. - - V " - - 

->-.s f 

- r 


ABB Asea Brown Bovarf Ltd., Reader ServIcesGenter. P.O. Box 822, CH‘-8Mt Zurich 



OMtattan *f|M by tout fatwL Met t 

Hhe Triarkei 
SB'S million 
■zy&bui »he 
fetlock mar- 
ificfte fears, 
il^d-that we 
Q.000 people 

pd^iis a result 

Ciuld vie a!- 
jppre than 
.rstmciii ac- 
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t~ tfebs spring 
ncentive for 
a sfcptri. and 
infltee invest- 
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h» Union's 
as dommis- 
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table hat bad 
be urgent at* 
arize the gi- 

> also the fo- 
^pitalist L.G. 
soJ $42 mil- 
Internal iorua 
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m the 

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May 5, 1994 

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Page 22 



Barkley Makes 
Tike Jordan, 

As Suns Sweep 

/.;•'■ r.ti-sgr^§EV.‘n 


rtf AucvuiKt/ /*»«s 

During the three-minute span in 
which Charles Barkley nailed three 
3-pointers. dunked, stole the ball 
and hit a 15 -foot jumper, Lhe other 
players on the court in Oakland 
began to get the idea: Something 
special was taking place. 

Barkley's shots — off-balance, 
under pressure, forced — contin- 
ued to find the net. He finished that 
fini quarter with 27 points en route 


to a career-high 56 as the Phoenix 
Suns raced to a 140-133 victory' 
over Golden State on Wednesday 
night to sweep the three -of-five- 
game first-round playoff series. 

“That was up there withji Mi- 
chael Jordan performance," said 
Chris Muhin, who led the Warriors 
with 30 points. “In the first quarter 
it was amazing. 

“It was like, That's a bad shot 
... it went in. That's another bad 
shot ... it went in. There goes 
Charles forcing a bad shot ... it 
went in."* 

Barkley’s 38 points in the first 
half set an NBA playoff record. He 
made his first 1 1 shots goals and 
ended up 23-for-3I from the field 
and 7-for-9 from the line. Just for 
good measure, he contributed 14 

His scoring total tied for the 
third-best in playoff history behind 
Jordan's 63 in 1986 and Elgin Bay- 
lors 61 in 1962. He finished the 
series with 1 12 points. 

Most of all, Barkley put the ex- 
clamation point on a game played 
at warp st 

third quarter, both teams had 
passed the 100-point mark. The 

Suns shot 57 percent and the War- 
riors 58. 

M U was a good workout.” said 
Barkley, last season's MVP who 
has said this season will be his lasL 
“It was three tough games. The first 
one was rough, the second one was 
rough and the third one was the 
roughest of them all." 

Now Barkley gets a few days to 
rest his sore back while the Suns 
wait to find out who their second- 
round opponent will be: Houston 
or Portland. The Rockets lead that 
series, 2-1 , with Game 4 in Portland 
on Friday night. 

*Tm glad to have the time off.” 
said the Phoenix coach. Paul Wesi- 
pftal. "Charles couldn’t have 
played if this game was yesterday." 

After two close games with the 
Warriors, the Suns found them- 
selves in another battle. Trailing by 
107-106 entering the final period. 
Phoenix built its lead to 125-117 
with 7:35 to play when Barkley's 
three-point play gave him 50 

Golden State cut the lead to 1 3 1- 
129 with 2:07 left on a basket by 
Latrell Sprewell. who had 27 
points, but could not get any closer. 
The Suns missed just three of their 
19 shots in the final quarter. 

The decision by Golden State's 
coach, Don Nelson, not to double- 
team Barkley proved pivotal. It cer- 
tainly took Barkley by surprise. 

Alter scoring the Suns* first 12 
points, he ran by Nelson and 
asked: “You going to double me?" 

“I hope it’s not the last lime 1 see 
single coverage,” Barkley said later. 
“1 kind of like it." 

“Nobody thought he was going 
to make all his shots,” Nelson said. 
“He had one of the most spectacu- 
lar games I ever witnessed, as a 
player and as a coach.” 

Nets 93, KnJcks 92 (OT): Chris 

Nd-.n 1 1 NfjKjiljjn hv kv.-Prc-% 

Charles Barkley, driving by Byron Houston, scored a record 38 points in the first half. 56 in the game. 

Morris made his first free throws of 
the game with 1.5 seconds left in 
the overtime io set up a Came 4 on 
Friday night, again at the Meadow- 

The Knicks rallied from a 16- 
point deficit in the second half, as 
the Nets scored only nine points in 

lhe fourth period on 2-for-!6 

John Starks’s 3-poimcr ^avc 
New York a 90-89 lead with i '04 
left in overtime, hut Armon Gil- 
liam gave the lead back to the Nets 
with a dunk 21 seconds later. Pat- 
rick Ewing's baseline jumper pul 

the Knicks back ahead, but Charles 
Oakley could not stop Morris's 
baseline drive, forcing him to foul. 
Morris finished with eight points. 

Derrick Coleman finished with 
25 points and 17 rebounds for the 
Nets, while Ewing led the Knicks 
with 27 points and 14 rebounds. 

Smith Blows It, but Orioles Beat the A’s Anyway 

The Associated Press 

For once, the Baltimore Orioles 
saved Lee Smith. 

Smith blew a save chance for the 
first time this season and still the 
Orioles wound up with a 4-3 vic- 
tory in the 10th inning as they beat 
the visiting Oakland Athleucs on 
Wednesday night. 

After Chris Sabo's bases-empty 
homer with two outs in the ninth 
off Dennis Eckersley put the Ori- 
oles ahead, 3-2, Smith relieved to 
stan the bottom half. He entered 
the game with a 0.00 earned-run 
average and 12 saves in 12 appear- 
ances, but Troy Ned tied it with a 
one-out pinch-hit homer. 

In the 10th, however. Jack Voigt 
reached on an error by Mike Brum- 
ley at third base and scored on a 
sacrifice fly by Mike Devereaux. 

"We’re confident when he comes 
in, he’s going to close the door,” 
Devereaux said of Smith. “He did 
it 12 times in a row, but 1 don't 
think there's a pitcher around who 

could go the whole season without 
blowing a save. 

“What was good about tonight 
was we were able to pick him up 
just like he's been picking us up all 
season,” he said. 

Smith was the winner, while 
Mark Williamson got the Orioles’ 


first save by someone other than 
Smith this year. 

Eckersley has now blown all 
three of his save chances this sea- 

T just didn't make the pitch.” he 
said. "That's the way it’s going. 
You have to C3tch a break some- 
times. I’ve been playing a long time 
and things happen, but 1 guess you 
always have to be tested.” 

Rafael Palmeiro homered for the 
Orioles; Oakland tied it in the 
eighth on Ruben Sierra’s RBI dou- 
ble off Alan Mills. 

Angels 7, Yankees 6: Chad Cur- 
tis, the Angels’ center fielder, made 

outstanding plays on consecutive 
batters ic* stop New York from 
scoring in the top of the 13ih. and 
Damien Easley singled heme in the 
bottom half as California ended its 
six-game losing streak and an 
right-game skid at home 

Don Mattingly doubled with one 
out in the lOih'for his fourth hit. 
but then Curtis went back and 
made a leaping catch on Gerald 
Williams’s drive. Paul O'Neill fol- 
lowed with a single up the middle, 
and Curtis threw out Mattingly at 
the plate. 

Tim Salmon had three hits and 
drove in three runs for the Angels. 
He scored on Chili Davis's double 
in the 10th after the Yankees took 
the lead in the top half when Mike 
Stanley raced home on a wild pitch. 

White Sox 6, Indians 1: Wilson 
.Alvarez won his 13th straight deri- 
sion in two seasons, pitching a six- 
hitter as Chicago beat visiting 

Alvarez, at 6-0. is only two shy of 
LaMarr Hoyt's team-record 15 

straight victories in the regular sea- 
son. set from July 1983 to April 
1984. Alvarez also’ won once in the 
AL pljyoffc last October against 

Alvarez joined Ben McDonald 
and Bob Tewksbury f>v the bes; 
record in the majors Lhis year. 

Red Sox 4, Mariners 2; Mo 
Vaughn and Mike Green*. cl i ho- 
mered as host Boston bes: Seattle 
for its seventh siraight victory. 

The Red Sox have the best re- 
cord in the majors at 20-7. They are 
13-2 against AL West teams, none 
of which have a winning record. 

Royals 4, Blue Jays 2: Felix Jose 
hit his first homer of the season, a 
two-run shot in the 10th that gave 
Kansas City its victory in Toronto. 

Joe Caner had three hits and 
drove in two runs for the Blue Jays. 

Tigers 14. Rangers 7: Lou Whi- 
taker hit a grand slam and a three- 
run homer as Detroit, playing at 
home: routed Texas. 

Whitaker, who had missed the 
previous two games because of a 

sore left foot, set a career high with 
seven RBls. 

Cecil Fielder hit his 200th homer 
in the majors, a drive that landed 
on the left-field roof at Tiger Stadi- 
um. Alan Trammell had three bits 
and drove in three runs for Detroit, 
and Travis Fryman homered. 

Jose Canseco, who drove in four 
runs, and Juan Gonzalez homered 
for the Rangers. 3m Rick Reed and 
six relievers walked a team-record 
13 baiters. 

Twins 8. Brewers 7: Sh3ne Mack 
tripled home the go-ahead run with 
two outs in the ninth, and Minne- 
sota won in Milwaukee. 

Kirby Puckett singled off 
Graeme Lloyd and Mack followed 
with a line drive that glanced off 
John Jaha’s glove at firs; base and 
rolled into the comer. Puckett slid 
home, barely ahead of a strong re- 
lay throw. 

Man Walbeck hit a grand slam 
for the Twins. DarryJ Hamilton 
had four hits and drove in three 
runs for the Brewers. 

After 0-12, 
The Cubs 
Get It Right 

The Associated Press 

Final! v. 

The Chicago Cubs haw not giv- 
en their fans many victories to sa- 
vor in the last 1 1 8 years, but the one 
at WrigJey Field on Wednesday has 
to rank up right up there with the 

big ones. . 

The Cubs stopped a club-record 
home losing streak at 12 games 
with a 5-2 victory over the Cincin- 
nati Reds 

“They say one game doesnt 
make a season, but 1 say one win a 
life may haw saved.” said the 
Cubs' manager. Tom Treblehorn. 

Chicago broke a 92 -year-old 
dub record Tuesday with their 12th 


straight loss, but by winning for the 
first time at home since last SepL 
22 they avoided the embarrassment 
of possibly matching the NL record 
of 14 straight home losses set by the 
1911 Boston Braves. 

”We handled it like men,” said 
Mark Grace, the Cub first base- 
man. “We didn’t blame anybody 
but ourselves. There was no front- 
office bashing. We didn’t take the 
cowardly way out It feels like we’re 
in first place. It's a huge win. a 
wonderful feeling.” 

Trebelbom juggled hb lineup 
again, returning Ryne Sandberg to 
the No. 2 spot, starting Eddie Zam- 
brano in right, moving Sammy 
Sosa from right to center and 
benching center fielder Karl 

Sosa led off the bottom of the 
first with a home run, and Zam- 
brano also homered. 

Braves 3, Marlins 0: Steve Avery 
pitched eight shutout innings as At- 
lanta. playing at home, ended its 
worst losing streak in two years. 

The Braves, ending a four-game 
free fall, won for only the third time 
in 12 games. The last lime Atlanta 
had dropped 9 of 1 1 was April IB- 
24. 1992. 

Fred McGriff tripled and scored 
on a wild pitch by Ryan Bowen in 
the seventh inning, and Atlanta 
added two runs in the eighth on 
Dave Justice’s RBI single and Ri- 
chie Lewis’s wild pitch. 

Mets 7, Giants 4: Bobby Bonilla 
hit two homers, the second a two- 
run shot in the seventh, as New 
York beat visiting San Francisco. 

Bonilla, who homered in the 
sixth right-handed, hit his game- 
winning" h'Mner f rom the left side 
off Dave Burba, marking the fifth 
time in his career that he has hit 
homers from both sides in a game. 

Expos 5, Dodgers 4: Tim Spehr 
singled off Kerin Gross to drive in 
the winning run with two outs in 
the ninth as Montreal, playing at 
h*jme, won for the 12th time in 14 

Astros 7. Pirates 4: Craig Biggio 
hie a go-ahead triple in the eighth 
and a two-run single in the ninth as 
Houston won in Pittsburgh. 

CanfinaLs 6. Rockies 5: Bernard 
Gilkey hit a two-run homer in the 
ninth to cap a St. Louis rally in 

The Cardinals trailed by 5-1 en- 
tering the eighth but scored three 
times against a faltering bullpen, 
and went abend in the ninth when 
Todd Zeiie doubled and Gilkey fol- 
lowed with his second homer. 



By Robin Finn 

New York Times Serricr 

Don’t confuse Gabrida Sabatini, 
whose bizarre hiatus from the ten- 
nis winner’s circle has dragged on 
for more than two years, with Rip 
Van Winkle. 

She is definitely not sleeping her 
n»rwr away; it just looks that way. 

Sab^wni can’t remember exactly 
when she realized her results had 
begun to resemble the same long, 
restless night she's had abnost.ev- 
ery night for months on end. 

And now Sabatini's perennial 
coach, Carlos Kirmayr, back to res- 
cue her from tennis limbo after a 
year-long separation, can’t sleep ei- 

Just what happened to turn this 
once-dynamic duo. a pair whose 
suitability for each other found its 
fairest reflection in Sabatini’s 1990 
US. Open trophy, into a couple of 
insomniacs? Two years on the 
WTA Tour without a single title 
would wreak havoc with the repu- 
tation of any top 10 player, not to 
mention the player once voted 
most likely to finesse Steffi Graf 
out of the No.l ranking. 

Professionally speaking, Sabati- 
ni's soul has been haunted for the 
past year, and this week, in lieu of 
Lourdes, she went back to Rome to 
try to exorcise an epic 33-event 
streak without a title. 

The 1992 Italian Open represent- 
ed the last time she departed a 
tournament weary from having 
won it, but the 1994 Italian provid- 
ed no redemption. Wednesday, she 
suffered an embarrassing straight- 
set loss to 5 8th- ranked Irina Spirlea 
of Romania, stretching her slump 
to 34 tournaments. 

“I played one of my worst 
matches ever,” said the apologetic 
Argentine, who felt undone by her 
own tension. 

With her uncommon blend of 
beauty and talent, Sabatini had in- 
finite potential as the WTA’s own 
It-gir! in the portfolios of tour mar- 
keteers. But these days, at age 23, 
she’s It-Iess. 

Sabatini's strange sabbatical 
can’t be attributed to any particu- 
lar coach. She has gone from Kir- 
mayr to Dennis Ralston to Guil- 
lermo Vilas and back again to 
Kirmayr, and none of these vaunt- 
ed mentors have taught her how to 
win again. But all involved agree 
that her Tree fall has had a glaring 
focal point. 

It came at the midpoint of her 
slump, in the 1993 French Open, 
and it brought Sabatini the most 
painful moment of a career that 
began so painlessly at 15. She was 
then being coached and cajoled by 
Ralston, and although he may have 
been convinced he could make Sa- 
batini Nal, she apparently was 


She surrendered a 6-1, 5-1 lead 
over Mary Joe Fernandez in the 
quarterfinals — a match that ended 
in tears and twilight all around — 
and Sabatini lost touch with that 
commodity most precious to any 
athlete, her self-assurance. 

“The one match that took my 
confidence away was the loss to 
Mary Joe at the French.” Sabatini 
said recently. 

“First, you can't believe it’s hap- 
pened to you. Then you slop believ- 


. ■ ■ A; 

mg myofe-ttpj 
since T 

deep sleep; Aloa 

• "That’s 

just don't have it! 
they know it,” said 

Eager to-fi ' 
debacle, Sabatini 
on herlLS. Opea 

“I always gob 

that VS. Open ’and; 
must still 


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and thffl iriAifien&Mr ; - ' 

their 40-weckl| 
was starGng to timed” 

She first. requested-/ ' 
their togetherness ! 
year and thehrbiutifttf 
into the season, 


places, andthamhei' Jbel 
won anything in sbeim 

began to have <k * 

was telling- her,” 1 

in a 30-month; spaifr 

Argentine to II . cl ierj&jit 
titles. “And I agreed ihaUtan 
going anywhere _ 

we should stop.” A-: 1 3^ 

Kirmayr wam’ttagKiiqeii Ej&tli of fc Nf- - - : ■" 
long — he signed<n*if a k 

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pietdy cut Kr tierrtJntWfflb!W.te3;..x: 
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from a discreet ^ag^ ir*^, ^ 
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libenJiLT^::^-. .* ; 

ilorditl^S .: i-..- 

“ First she lo«t tti4 
Paris,” said Kirm^jtj 
lost to Jana Novotni ifi 
don, and by the endofjfcj 
was losing to all 

cause they had thewifiiBftthiwvdFaK;: 
could beat her and sfiefidiftam reesaa:' • 
to care." " - - 

Kirmayr, uponheingn&^p .. 

Sabatini’s promise tfiatitefeni • 

ed to try harder. toncikB ■■fe : : 

the more probtem 2 tHsl:pn« Wkse -.j. 
that he’d divine « VJ . . 

her mettle^ :■ .2. _ 

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confidence back, if. v: 

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talk, practice, persBation,®®! wkHaBKaa « . ^ _ 

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Page 23 


fcv as 

beca a io Q o w 
fcwaMe to sleep **2? 


For Argentines, 

Chance to Shine 
.With Batistuta 

40 Years Down a Record Mile, Only Bannister’s the Same 

J£i*wep* Perhaps 

afraid o'f oj 

happen, * h . 

rpmu & raaichej_ Vn . 
tkayeit anvTOore. 

By Ken Shulman 


H£*saxd Satiatin';, 
frfragct tibnii her p a ^. 
Watim has latelv ^ 
|;Opcn pinnacle bi l^- 

wap hack in re> rs,nd^ 
Opco and tiunk ^ 

Ijfta Bade ^ 
^ ;she said rcc Sni j. 
to yon can t find u ~ “ 

r doBM more than half a 

*m «■* C^os Bilardo, 

By Ian Thomsen 

Inienuuional Herald Tribute 

OXFORD. England — ‘'So," Noureddinc 
Moreen was saying a little nervously the other 
da yin London, “it was 40 years ago.” 
i es. Yes,’* Sir Roger Bannister said. 

“WdL" Morceli said — because what else 
could he say? — **i have been hearing about it 
all my life." 


even tried to com of . despnatio11 - Bilardo 

hie axuruy. aS3 

SSf«r. P, “J to ^juft aaomer 

^S&SS. eaP “ g 11016 ^ ”<“<= »f 

orty years ago on Friday, Roger Bannister 
ran the first four-minute mile. The celebration 
has gathered around him 13 others who have 
held the world record in the mile. 

aaeriroes. accords- 
you: , don’t lei y.^ 

fouk. and 

jnstmos and reflexes in 


Hied all the 

ime match 

oak my 

fence sway 
te loss to Man 


?o Goycochea’s 


tehhE? J 5? «**»■ And what will it 

Sh hhj* 60 sunixner “ the United States, 

■}£ a \ c always scored in decisive matches,” 

3? £f st l lta ’ 1115 ,0Q & blood hair spariding in 
H* k*e-afteipoan sunlight at the Aitenuo 
rrandn Stadium. “The Argentine team de- 
pends on me for this, and up to now I have 
always responded.” 

Born in the town of Rcconqirista in the 

muiHAa «r C.-I. rv n., - . « ’ _ 

up the 

differences between them, for his current re- 
cord of 3:4439 would have beaten Bannister's 
tune by 200 meters. Those differences fascinate 
Bannister. Standing alongside the 24-year-old 
Algerian for the television cameras and photog- 
raphers, Bannister wanted to know what had 
changed, exactly. How many weeks do you 
train at high altitude; be asked out of the side of 
his mouth. Which is your favorite event? Shak- 
ing hands, another pose. Bannister turned to 
ask bow an athlete like Morceli might evolve. 
Win you ever run the 5.000 meters? The 10.000 
meters? And what. Dr. Bannister inquired, will 
you do afterward? 

This question Morceli did not answer. 

“Do you have any plans for after you retire?” 
continued Bannister, but be was not badgering, 
he was examining. “By retirement, J mean when 
you are no tongff running for your career. What 
will you do when you are 35?" 

“I don’t know," Morcdi said. “I have no 

Bannister helped: “MO you be involved in 
some kind o? coaching?” 

Morceli frowned. "Probably," he said. "Yes. 
Some kind of coaching." 

it was not the innocence of the 1950s that 
created Roger Bannister, but rather the sincer- 
ity of his time. He might not have been running 
in 1954 if not for ms disappointment in the 
1952 Olympics in Helsinki, where he finished 
fourth in me 1,500 meters. The four-minute 
mile for which he was destined was supposed to 
be an impossibility, an ultimate test of the 
human spirit, but what Bannister wanted more 
than anything was to become a doctor. 

He proved this by working out for as little as 
30 minutes a day, midst his medical training. It 
was as difficult for him to find Lhai time 40 
years ago as it is for most of us today to make it 
to the gy mnasium after work. He did not even 
have time to warm up, to suetch before his 

training. The rest of us now are as prof essional 
as he was then. 

The morning of his ran 40 years ago was 
much like the morning which greeted him here 
Thursday at the Ifiley Road track whan he 
gathered with the other famous toilers. It was 
cold and rainy, and he was thinking of postpon- 
ing his attempt on the record. His Austrian 
coach, Franz StampfL warned Bannister that he 
might never forgive himself for not trying. One 
wonders whether Bannister remembers that ad- 
vice each time he sees his friend, John Landy of 

Bannister swears that his goal was not to run 
the mile in less than four minutes, but to beat 
Landy in the Empire Games at Vancouver that 
August, He knew that Landy was in Finland, 
preparing an attempt at the four-minute mile. 
He knew also (hat he could not beat Landy with 
a time of more than four minutes. Indeed. 
Landy would break Bannister's record within 
46 days, with a lime of 3:57.9 — but the 
anniversary will always be Bannister's, for bet- 
ter and for worse. 

A half-hour before the race, Bannister decid- 
ed, once and for all, to try. His training part- 
ners, Chris Chattaway ana Chris Brasher (the 
1956 Olympic steeplechase champion), set the 

pace for him. Bannister hadn’t trained for five 
days — he believed rest made him edgier — and 
on the first lap he was yetting at Brasher to run 
faster. But Brasher held coolly to their plan 
The first lap went down in 57.4 seconds, the 
splh in 1:582 — they had expected 1:59. The 
penultimate lap was slower than they wanted, 
the bell sounding at 3:00.5. 

“But I knew I could run a 59-second lap," 
Bannister said patiently: The four-minute ™ie 
has been surpassed more than 3,600 times, and 
Bannister has recounted his own many times 
more than that. 

That were only a few reporters at the track 
in 1954. and one BBC camera, for the attempt 
was almost a secret. Us Tcvelation overwhelmed 
the audience of 1,100 as Chattaway fdl behind 
and Bannister kicked into a higher speed for the 
final 250 meters. The most famous photograph 
of him — chest thrust forward, eyes shut and 
spent, and a young man squealing in the back- 
ground — has taken on the aspects of a Nor- 
man Rockwell painting. 

The trade announcer was Norris McWhirter, 
who had helped Bannister plan his attempt and 
would later, with his twin brother Ross, create 
the Guinness Book of World Records. He said, 
“Ladies and gentlemen, here is the result of 

event No. 9, the one mile. First, No. 41. R.G. 
Bannister of the Amateur Athletic Association 
mid formerly of Exeter and Merton Colleges, 
with a time which is a new meeting and track 
record and which, subject to ratification, will be 
a new English native, British national, British 
all-comers, European, British Empire and 
world record. The time is three . . 

The audience drowned out the rest of it: 


On Thursday morning, Roger Bannister, 
qualified as a doctor in 1955, knighted in 1975, 
was lured onto the Iffley Road track once more. 
Its black cinder surface has been replaced by a 

faster red synthetic topping. The runner ever 
BloEist, but our age has not 

since became a neurologist, I 
maintained his perspective. There must have 
been 40 cameras operating on the track, the 
photographers asking him to walk the final 
steps he Tan 40 years before. 

“Stand there," one shouted at him, "just in 
front of the finish line." 

You could almost read his mind as be stood, 
65 yean; old, only the center of his Tace reminis- 
cent of the mtier, and the rain pelting his bald 
head. If it had been like this 40 years ago he 
clenched a fist and smiled graciously. He would 
not have had time for tins 40 years ago. 

cek 1992 trait’ 5:h- L ,. 
ag io breed 
tqu&ted that *j.-. 
heroes* to 1” *«&> 
yen. barely a tK-r.K-r 
season, cec:cr z -i’ 
A' up tlugc&r. 

id success, ihi 
J then whin: <r,c 
ting in six 
«*e doubts arc--: 
her." said K:rrj-: v; 
path spas 
io 11 el hr 
J I agreed uu: ' - j-:: 
fchcre with u*. zs 

•wasn’t Lwrrp ? : s:r 
ttyed or. * i: Aw. 
ifcario He ~- i' ~- 
hb ties u ; f r.rj 
mitering : "r 
sweet W'.ir.c :: c* 

he hjii !o Vcr. .*.•*; 
i K.-Treayr "T-.= -a . 
i Noittna z\ V V-:* . 

IS now the final destination of nearly all of 
* “-tuna’s offensive itineraries. 
j now, the team plays for him," said Tony 
-toborgm, his Italian agent “He's the man in 
.The middle who’s supposed to convert the as- 
sists into goals." 

! • “Gabrid is a classic center-forward,” said 
. Franc esco (Qccio) Baiano, Batistuta’s a ttack 
! partner on the Fiorcntina dub team “He 
knows how to get free in the penalty area; he 
Jms power in both feet, and he’s very good is the 
•air. And being so strong, he tends to draw more 
.than one defender, opening up spaces for me 
•and for his other teammates." 

‘ -The son of an office worker who originally 
■wanted him to be a doctor, Batistuta looks 
’Snore like a Now-dried rock star than a rough- 
. and- tumble goal-scorer ready to trade elbows 
■and knees with ruthless Italian defenders. After 
. finishing high school, Batistuta joined the ju- 
.aior dub of the Neweffs Old Boys and wasted 
'windows at the stadium after practices and 
-matches to earn pocket money. 

In 1990, he moved to Boca Juniors, and in his 
’Second year there scored 11 goals in 19 matches. 
■His power, scoring ability mid, most of all, his 
Strang, assertive presence in the penalty area 
^caught the attention of Alfio Basfle, who 
■coached the naitortaf team and summoned Ba- 
tjsfcna for the 1991 South American champion- 

Bjrr\ IibMm TkAwuicd Prev. 

COLD SPELL — Jose-Maria Otazatal, weatherings spot of trouble in Sl Meflion, England, shot 4-over 76 Thursday 
and traded co-leaders Seve Ballesteros and Phillip Price by 7 strokes in the Benson and Hedges International Open. 

FLA’s New Rules Confuse, 
Disappoint Racing Teams 

By Brad Spurgeon 

Imematiana} Herald Tribune 

PARIS — As the three-time driv- 
ing champion Ayrton Senna was 
bong buried Thursday in Sao Pau- 
lo, the moves the spot's governing 
body said it was miking to enhance 
safety woe being met with puzzled 

looks and raised eyebrows by offi- 
of the t 

teams racing 

rials of many 
Formula One cars. 

The International Automobile 
Federation, or FIA as it is called by 
its French acronym, held a top- 
level meeting here Wednesday in 
the wake of Senna's death daring 
Sunday’s San Marino Grand Prix. 
Afterward, it said it would explore 
further safety measures with the 
raring teams, but in the meantime 
was introducing three changes that 
would reduce accidents around the 
pit areas. 

Senna, 34, died of bead injuries 
after his Williams-Renaull 
slammed into a concrete wall at 
about 300 kph (185 mph) as he 
entered a curve at Imola, Italy. Ro- 
land Ratzenberger, a rookie driver 

from Austria, had been killed when 
he crashed cm a curve 24 hours 

Norman Howell, spokesman for 
McLaren, the team for which Sen- 
na drove for six years, and won his 
three championships, said Thurs- 
day that Grand Prix racing was “in 
a state of confusion." 

Alain Prost, the four-time cham- 
pion from France who was in Brazil 
for Senna’s funeral, said the three 
minor ehanys that will go into 
effect at the next race were simply 

“Nothing has changed,” he said. 

“In all honesty." Howell said, 
“our most senior engineers received 
this communication” of FIA’s new 
rules “and are looking al it and not 
understanding it" 

Speaking of the first change, in- 
tended to reduce pit speeds by put- 
ting curves at the entries and exits to 
the pit lanes, he added: “Our next 
race is in Monaco, where the pit lane 
is ridiculwisfy small and narrow 
anyway. So we don’t quite know 
what they’re going to do there 

“The second point, mechanics in 
the pit lane. Again, it's very unclear 
when the mechanics wiD be allowed 
to go into the pit lane to work on a 
car. Does this mean that the car 
actually has to stop outside the ga- 
rage and then 20 guys in flame- 
proof suits chitdung pneumatic 
guns and fud nozzles and God 
knows what else suddenly descend 
on the car, trip over each other?" 

“Racing drivers being what they 
are which is raring drivers, and 
needing to go fast as possible, the 
guy’s going to roar down the pit 
time as fast as be possibly can," 
Howell added. 

“And he’s just going to slam the 
brakes on at the chicane, negotiate 
it and go back on track. What that 
means is that the people in the 
middle of the pit lane would stiH be 
at risk." 

Johnny Rives, the auto raring 
guru for the influential French 

r s daily L’Equipe, summed up 
reaction of many when he 

te? a.. ■>- 

•tad i't: z.-ifiisrr. ■-? 
her zr i c: 

..sjv-r. rr.-s t 
nore.i? that <£ 

tste Or. !■-« - 

jv.-ne - 

«tr#— ' 

it*; w* 
jw - 

•4.A . - 

Batistuta’s second season at Boca also caught 
,tfte eye of Vittorio Cecchi Gori. who had just 
■hecorite TO president rrfthe Fiocentina dub. 
Fiorcntina had sentan observa to film Batistu-. 
. la’s Boca Jumms teammate Diego Latorre, a 
sHTI f at dribbler and passer whom rhe ltaiiaii 
^duB had-already signed. ■ 

-> While viewing the videotapes of Latere, 
.Cecchi Gori could not help bat notice a tall, 
powerfully built coiter-forward who dominat- 
ed the area around the opposition's goal mouth. 
„Thai player was Batistuta. On the sole basis of 
the- videotapes, Cecchi Gori purchased Batis- 
tuta for Horenitiiia at a cost of S4 million. 

For BasDe, ami for Cecchi Gori, the bet on 
Batistuta paid off ^ .In his first major tournament 
with the Argentine national team, Batistuta 
'scored six gpais to lead all scorers in the Copa 
Ameri ca, ^peariieadmgitis team to the South 
, A me rican championship. Fittingly, Batistuta 
'scored the winning goal in Argentina’s 2-1 
defeat of Colombia in. the final 
' In his firet Italian season — a trial by fire that 
has stifled some of the world’s greatest talents 
B atis tuta responded with 13 goals. His scoc- 
'ing prowess — and his sexy, swaggering bat 
someh ow clean-cut appearance — immediately 
;«ndeared him to the Ftorentina fans. 

. The foBowing year, he soorai 16 thnes m 

Wueplay, but could not keep Fiorentea from 
dropping into the second division. ^ y^ 
yrim norentina in first place and assured erf 
jttnrningto the first ranks, Batistuta has scored 

14 times. ... , 

• With Maradona’s glory having faded, and 
^tbesuspension of CWio Caniffluu Batistuta 

■has also become the emblem of the 

'Argentine te a m . In the 1993 Copa 
^America, he scored 
'.three times to it win its second 

comseonive continental fi “e. 

■phen, daring the tortuous World 
Cud qualifying campaign, he was 


d* KtunI ll of 

X^SouWed players, Maradona 



SSil »»»* ». -j -jgj 


Brazilian Star's 
Father Is Held 
For Ransom 

Cornpiled by Otr Staff From Dispatches 

father of Brazilian soccer star 
Romano, Edevair Souza de 
Faria, has been kidnapped and 
Us abductors are demanding 
$7 milli on m ransom. 

Hefio Vigo, head of Rio’s 
anti-kidnapping squad, con- 
firmed Thursday that the kid- 
nappers had de mand ed $7 
millio n in ransom, and sad 
police were investigating. Bat 
would not provide further de- 

tails, except that the family 

had notified police of the 
napping only on Wednesday. 
Faria, 62, reportedly was 

grabbed Monday night as be 
;in thePenha 

left a bar he owns in 
district on Rjo’s north side. 

Tbe Jornal do Brasil said 
Romano had been told and 
was expected to fly bade from 
Spain, where he plays for Bar- 
celona. (AP, Reuters) 


Holy Bull Favored in Kentucky Derby 

LOUISVILLE (AP) —Holy BuD drew the No. 4 post position and was 
made the 8-5 early favorite for Saturday’s Kentucky Derby as a field of 1 5 
was entered Thursday. Track oddsmakex Mike Battaglia made Santa 
Anita Derby winner Brocco the second choice at 3-1. while the nexi 
choice was Tabasco Cat, at 6-1. 

The fidd, in post position order, with odds and jockeys: Soul Of The 
Matter, 21-1, KentDesonneaux; Valiant Nature 12-1. Laffit Pincay: Powis 

Canadians Defeat Czechs , 3 - 2 , 
Gain World Hockey Semifinals 

Castle, 30-1, Chris Antley; Holy Bull, 8-5, Mike Smith; Ulises. 30-1. Jorge 

Chavez; Mahogany Hafl, 30-1, WiUk Martinez; S nodes Creek. 8-1. Edc 
Ddahoussaye; Go For Gin, 15-1, Chris McCamm: Tabasco Cat, 6-1. Pat 
Day, Brocco, 3-1, Gary Stevens; Smflin Singin Sam. 30- 1, Larry Mdancon ; 
Southern Rhythm, 15-1, Garret Gomez; Blumin Affair. 15-1, Jerry Bailey; 
Meadow FEgbt, 30-1, Shane SeDera. and Kandaly. 30-1, Craig Ferret. 

3 More World Cup Matches Sold Out 

NEW YORK (AP) — Three more World Cup matches — Brazil vs. 
Russia in Stanford on June 20, Bulgaria vs. Greece in Chicago on June 26. 
and the quarterfinal on Foxboro on July 9 — have sold out, U.S. 
organizers said Wednesday. 

Single-game tickets remain for 26 matches, including all those in Dallas 
and Pontiac, and for two of three games involving the U.S. team. About 
200,000 of the 450,000 available single-game tickets have been sold. The 
telephone number to call in the United States is: 2 1 3-365-6300. 

For the Record 

The Associated Press 

MILAN — Shayne Corson of tbe Edmonton 
Oilers scored with 2:34 left to play to give 
Canada a 3-2 victory Thursday over the Czech 
Republic and set up a re- match with Sweden at 
the World lec Hockey Championships. 

Later, the Finns hammered Austria, 10-0, to 
give Team USA a second crack at them after 3 
7-2 rout in the preliminaries. The semifinals 
Saturday also give Canada a chance to make up 
for its sudden-death loss in the gold medal 
game at the Olympics. 

Top NHL prospect Paul Kariya got a goal 
and an assist, tying Russia’s Valeri Kamensky 
as the tournaments top scorer with 10 points. 

At 17:26 in the third period, after numerous 
shots on both goahes. Corson put the puck just 
under tbe crossbar, tipping in a pass from the 
Quebec Nordiques’ Joe Sakic. 

The Czech Republic’s potent pair of Pitts- 
burgh Penguins, Jaromir Jagr and Martin 

Kariya scored next, early in tbe second, de- 
flecting in Shanahan’s power play slapshot, 
which nicked goalie Peter Briza’s stick. 

Less than two minutes later, with Canada on 
a power play. Jiri Kucera stole the puck in 
Canada’s defensive zone and evened the score. 

■ Maple Leafa, Canucks Win in NHL 

Dallas is going to Vancouver in an 0-2 hole, 
but Toronto has avoided a similar situation by 
beating San Jose. 

Mark Osborne scored a game- turning short- 
handed goal in the second period as the Maple 
Leafs routed the Sharks, 5-1, Wednesday night 
to tie the Western Conference best-of-7 semifi- 
nal al a game apiece. 

Dmitri Mironov. Mike Gartner, Doug Gfl- 

l for To 


mour and Wendd Clark also scored for ‘ 
to, which got three power-play goals after going 
0-for-5 with an extra skater in Game 1. San Jose 
was 0-for-6. 

Canuck 3, Stare 0: Pavel Bure scored two 

Straka, got the first goal. Jagr passing from goals in DaQas and Kirk McLean stopped 39 

Ptete Sampras and Jim Courier to were named to play singles for the 
U.S. Davis Cap team in the quarterfinals in Rotterdam in July- f Reuters ) 
Kerin Johnson of the Phoerix Sons was named to the U.£. team Lhat 
will compete in tins summer’s World Championship of Basketball in 
Panada replacing the injured Isiah Thomas. (AP) 

behind the net for his teammate to score at 4: 12 
of the first. 

Canada answered at 12:20 when Brendan 
Shanahan of the Sl Louis Blues scored on 
assists from Kariya and tbe Edmonton Oilers’ 
Jason ArnotL 

shots for his second shutout of the playoffs. 

McLean, 0-2 against the Stars in the regular 
season, made 16 saves in the first period as 
Vancouver survived three power plays. He 
kicked out four straight shots during one bom- 

reaction of 
wrote, “The revolutionin technical 
rules wanted by some and feared 
by others has not occurred. 

“The FIA has not taken a single 
decision of importance.” 

What most exercised Rives and 
others was that no changes had 
been made in the technical rules 
governing the cars themselves. 

Harvey POstiethwaile, managing 
director and technical director of 
the TyrieD- Yamaha team, said lhat 
although it would be hard, in the 
long run it would be necessary to 
cut the speeds of the Formula One 

“A two-and-a-half-liler car to- 
day will go much faster than a two- 
and-a-half-liter car 20 years ago- So 
there is a continual development 
and you have at some stage to start 
to rein the thing in. 

“And I think that nobody envis- 
aged the amount of power that 
would be possible to get from the 
size of engines that we use current- 
ly * 

“It’s probably necessary at some 
time in the near future for some 
limitations to be put on what can 
be got out of these engines.” 

But Ian Phillips of the Jordan- 
Hart team addressed the obverse 
side of that problem. 

“Motor rating is about speed," 
be said. “It has always been a dan- 
gerous sport. That is not to say that 
anybody wants it to be unnecessar- 
ily so. We’ve been lucky for a num- 
ber of years now.” 


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S. Fernandez, Ekhhom Ul, Mint <71. Le. 
Smith m. WMiomson (19} and Holm; Van 
PoppM, Edeenaoy (V), Nimex OB), Hermnan 
OB), Taylor nt) and SMnbom. W-l*. 
Sndtb.V4.L- Bdwslw,M.Sw-WU«omson 
n>. HR s o a lttaia rft PdmHro (9). Sabo VO. 
Oakla»t Hemantf (1), Nwi W- 
lire York M M M M M H 1 

CoBfonda HZ Mi 3N W9 1-7 14 1 

ca tannwl 

JJUMt Roardon (71, Wlckimn (7j,P^b- 
ion no), Pall 111) and Start*; Masrane, 
ImIs Uh Lrffcrts (7), Grate 17), Down 
HOI. 8. Patterson (ll) and Frtnaas. W-B. 
F oM OTOB. l-L L— RilL 0-Z HR— New York, 
TartaMl (SL 

Sat R* .Ml M BM 4 1 

New York IK M2 22*— 7 10 • 

Htckarxwv Bnrtio W, Jackson »). FW «} 
aid MoNWrt»; HJiimab MoraanUo U). 
LMon Ub Franca BI and SitnnMLW— Lb* 
too, Ml Li-Barba, 0-1 Sv— Frans (7j. 
HRs— San Fraicuah Bb. Thomoson Cl). 
Bands (71. New York. BonlHa 2 (41. 

Hi TM 1 M -3 5 1 

m 291 #fct— 5 19 • 

BxowhjftJorvb (4) f Corr«w» C7I art Taa- 
bamt; Trachsot. Phase ft). Boottsw (8). 
Myers (» and WnkJns. W— TrnchsoL M. 
L— or owrtno. >L Sv— Myerx ML hr*— an- 
dmxrfLMitfwn f7)OiJOT»,Sasn CT^anv 
brano CD. 

Les Aafleles B» Ml «*-* S • 

Uoatnal "H Bit 2M-4 13 I 

OwSom. woyne (Si, Dretierf (6b Dart m. 
GottCD, TaWorrtU m, Ke. Gras f?) and Co. 
Hernandez. Pfazm l»; *»ft («• «■ 

Henry (7L vtetMond Ml. Bate 1*1 aad O. 

Ftatcfter, Spoftr (I), w— (Max. 7-0. L — TOL 
MmU. 2-Z 

Florida BOB BN B00-* t S 

Aflaato BM BM 12x— S 7 B 

B omcrwMuHUTl. W-LowfcUB) mvISonlto- 
oa;Awerv.McMktwal (VlandJ.Lonex.w-A- 
wenr.3-1. L — Bowne, 0-4. Sv— McMJdiael (4>. 

d» 2M TO-7 7 1 
MB BM W»— « 4 2 
KDe, Reynold* (8). ML Williams IV) <md 
Servais; Cooks, Tomlin (8). WWW (81 and 
Skjoofrt. W-KIle, J-l. L — Tomlla 0-1 
HR— FttHburah. J. Bell as. 

1M OOB 8B-4 9 • 

BM 3M IBM 12 1 
OWZ (7). SmHh (8), Munahv (*) and T. MeGrtff ; 
Gr.HorTts.Bh*- (7},S. Reed(8),M.Munaz (81. 
Holmes (V) and OrardL W— smlttu 14 
L — Mofcmex 0-1 Sv— Murphy (21. HRs— St. 
Louis. Gllfcev (Sl. Colorado. Btctwlte nn. 

Wednesday’s NBA Playoffs 

Now York 


Tlie Michael Joidan Watch 

WEDNESDAYS GAME: Jordan went l-lor-t 
for flic s econd dliyfcio np Q r k— n» und > ui i l ug 
arwdurtno a ttreonsi imtiarihe Bfamholiom 
Barons' W «n wer the Orknlo Cubs. He also 
popped out taflnMnaidod tesban am struck 
oak Far the fl rab Jankm was tic Barons' desM- 
nated Mner. baiftno In ttie no. 2 wot 
SEASON TO DATE: Jontei's battmo enw- 
aae remoinod at 3S0 (2(Mar4D), wlffj inree 
dMblas, 12 RBts, flve walks and 29 strikeouts. 
Ht Ado Nolen seven bases and been CouaM 
tour tbnes. In me outfldd. he has mode 26 
catches, wflts one assist end two errors. 

Japanese Leagues 

Ceatra! Lesyue 









































ThandarT Reufls 
Yoaduri 3, Yokohama 2 

Yakun 9. CtHUdn 7 
Hiroshima 9, Hooshln 8 

Pacific uaooe 



Nloaon Ham 


TbandaYS RasaM 
DOW Z Lotto D 
Wppon Ham 9. SeOu 2 
Ortx T. IQatMsa 2 

23 20 « 31 
33 21 n 9 
N«» York leads series 3-1 
NewYorlt— Banner 0-3 2-4 2. Oakley 4-12 a* 
17. Ewino 10-217-1227. Haroer 2-9<WS,Oowisl- 
H 1-21, Starts 5-9 >3 15, Blackmon 9- 1 WJ a 
Toiots 31-76 2 6-3* «. 

near Jencv-Monris 3-1D^7aC^»lefnonl^ 
19 1-2 26. Benjamin M 54 9. Anderson 5-14 b-i 
17, Edwards 6-M M 16, Brown MM a Weslev 
M M a Newman MM 1 Gilliam 6-13 « M. 
Mahom 0-1 M 0. Totals 3+83 22-2* *1 
3-Point Ooo l* ■N ew York 4-11 I5lorkS 2-0, 
Artfhony 1-1, Hamer 1-Z DavlE 8-1. B loci man 
HI. New Jersey Ml | Coleman M Anderson 
1-X Newman 0-1, weslev 0-Z Morris M). 
Forted dot— None: Rebounds— New York to 
(Oakley 18), Now Jersey 48 (Coleman 17). 
Assists— New York i7(Haroer.Davls4l. New 
Jersey M (AMersun 111. Totol foots— New 
York 77. New Jersey M. Teckmaiie— Stotts. 
Newman, Matnm Hopraol fouls— Mohom. 
Pftoeob 43 32 32 34—100 

GoMea Slate 42 II M 28-113 

Mwenbt win series M 
Pfleeato— BorWor 2Mi 7-9 54. Cedaiios M4 
34 17, west mil ICJoftnson 5-9 8-9 18. 
Moierte 16. FJolw 
son M 1*2 T. Miller 3-5 Mb Alnae 1-2 (HI Z 
Klelne mu Totals S4-95 C-» 140. 
i T Bii H fl U Me m i ni iiki i ii n nmi mi t ii 

0-0 1& Webber M3 24 U. Muiim ti ls 44 30. 
Sprewril 10-164-427. Gelllno 3-7 20 8. AJol«- 
son M B4HL Greyer 6-1 1 2-2 14. Jennings 24 0- 
0 5. Totals SMS 15-20 131 
3-Potet Mb— Phoenix 5-13 (Barkley y*. 
Malerle 7-6. CebonosO-I, P Johnson 8- 1 . Ainoe 
D-D.GeMen State B-1S (Mullln 44, Sprewrtl 3- 
S. jennlnos l-l, Owens M. wettaw fr 1. AJotm- 
sof Ml- Fooled oat— None. Reooaods- 
-Ptwenht 5« (Barkley 14), Golden Stale 41 
[Webber. Gattino 8). Assists— Phoeni* 28 
( kJohnson »), Goiaen Slate « Webber «l. 
Total touts— Phoenix 14, Golden Stole 78. 
TeckoicoH— Berkley. Ptwenlx ineoai ae- 
tanoo. Ftomoi loaf— K Johnson. 

50 seconds; 1 Oilverto Rincon. CoumMa 
ONCE. I second behind; IMIkol Zorrabeltlo. 
Soohs Bwwsta.1 second behind.- A Luis Perez. 
SpalivGasteltWonch. 3 behind; 5. Jose Monuel 
Urla. Spain. CasteUbianasSbehlnd; i. Pedro 
OeH wd a Spain, Bonesto, 26 behind.- 7. Jon 
Unzaaa. Spotn, Mapei-Claa, 26 behind; B.Lvc 
lA&tanc. Franco, Lotus-FosUna 28 behind; 9. 
Alex Zulle. SwttmrMnd. ONCE. 35 behind; 10. 
LaudeDno Cuhbw, Spain, Kelme. 35 behind. 

DveraH StaodifKd: 1. Rombwer. <7:52; 52; Z 
Zombbeltkh4;l3behlnd; 3. Zui ie.4;57 behind; 
4. Defpada 5:43 beMnd; 5. LeBtanc. 8:41 be- 
hind,- 6, Cubfna 7:05 behind; 7. Rlncorv 7;38 
behind: & vioenfe Aparido, Spain, Banesto. 
B;95 beMod;f.Perez,B:l*WiM; 10, Fernan- 
do Escort la Spain. Moeet-Oca. 9:28 behind. 

WASHINGTON— Namod Jim Lvnorn ooool 


























4 Vi 





6 V, 

T 3. 

Tour of Spain 

Hearts from TWsdCYs urn xtuge. 1*55 
kilometers (Bl.l mHesj from Online Ar calls. 
Andorra, tBCerter, Spain: 1. Tonv Rommoet. 
SwttMf tend. *tecet<laa S hoyrs, 42 mi notes. 


BOSTON— Caned up Todd Frohwinh. 
pitcher, from Pawtucket. 1 1 _ Sent Bab Zirpdc. 
outneldor. to Pawtucket. 

outfielder, on lMay dbabtad IW. 

CLEVELAND— BauaM axttrod at Owl 
Oiwa Pitcher, from Chortotte.IL Recalled ttar- 
Bert Perry, l*f baseman, from Charlotte. Op- 
tknwa»WtT«nier.p»W»er.wa»iloti«.D*si 9 . 
noted Run Swats anchor, tor asstanment 
MINNESOTA— Ad tvotad Shane Atodt, out- 
ftektar. from l*doy dteMed list. Desk] noted 
Keith Gorosozzs, pffdier. for assign medl. 

H.Y. YANKEES— Pul Steve Howe, pitcher, 
on 15-dor disabled list. Colled up Sterling 
Hitchcock, pitcher, from Cehunbus. n_ 
SEATTLE— Staned Bryni Iddea Pitcher, to 

minor Ihm axifroct end assigns trim So •* 
tended Spring trtflning camp in Pnria Arizona 
National Leogw 

ATLANTA — Put Jeff Bfouser. dwrtsion. «i 
I5<kiy tascaied lift Coded up Mike Montacai 
Inhelder. from Richmond, IL OPtlonod Mike 
Keuy.autffekier, to RWimand. Bought aontrad 
of Jarvts Brown. outneUer. from Richmond 
CINCINNATI — Optioned Kevin Jarvis, 
rntener. to indioftppoHa. AA. Recalled Jury 
Serodlln. oiidwr. From Indknwpplls. 

MONTREAL— Osltoned Rodney Hender- 
son. Pitcher, to Ottawa ll_ 
PHILADELPHIA— Put Kerin Stocker, 
shortstop, on I May dfeetted (to, ntroodlve 
to April 28. Collefl up Tom Quinlan. inSelder, 
[rent Scranton Wllkes-Boty*. IL Pvl Norm 
Charlton, pildwr. on fi&day disabled list, rrl- 
reecllvc to April «. 


Nattoaol Basketball AsMdatfoa 
DALLAS— Fired Quinn Buckner, coach, 
and Gre? BqUuta naltant coach. 

ATLANTA— Signed Terance Mothlfc wkto 
receiver, to 2-year contract, and Todd Peter- 
son. kicker, waived Jamie Dukes, center. 

CHICAGO— Waived John Woldechomfci, 
offensive lineman. Signed Cnron Alcorn. 

KANSAS CITY— Acwlrsd Steve Bono, 
ouorterbock, from Son Froncbco tor undeteT' 
mined draft ok*, and Honed him to 2-yeor 
contract. Signed jerry Freese and Ken Alex- 
ondcr, linebackers; Voughn Booker and Dun- 
stan Anderrn defensive ends; Larry Boyd, 
detoMlve tackle; Robert Gaddy, otfensive 
tackle; Monty Grow, safety; Bret Kwtirtaand 
Emerson Martkwguards; Brian RondaiLcar- 
norbock; and MKhoel Stephens wide receiv- 
er. Released Chris HakeL quarterback, and 
Jonathan Ham tWd enl Signed Mark CoL 
ItoL conwbadt, to +yoot co n tract. 

LA. RAIDERS— Stoned Jamie Willlamx 
ttohl en&and Harvey William^ rwmlng bacto 
MIAMI— Signed Jim Arnold punter, to 2- 
yaar contract. Re-signed James Saxon. h»U- 
back, and Mike Middleton, safety. Stoned 
Shelton Quarles, linebacker. Released Mike 
Golfc. defensive tackle. 

MINNESOTA — Re-shmcd Randall A*cDon- 
leL guard, to Smear contract 
NEW ENGLAND— Stoned Derrick Wither- 
spoon, runmno bock; Mark Slaton, oftonal vt 
guord,and Terry Ray.sototv. Released ftarv 
Cook, ttotrt end; Rkh BakHnser. guard ; ScoH 
Secutos quarterback; Reyna Thompson. Cor- 
nertwek; Eric StoPltein. Dotnocto Groon and 
Jean Bavdarfomive bocks; Troy Barneti. Ber- 
nert Bastan. and Buster Stanley, detoratw 
Itotmen; Kirk Botkin, tight end; Rkh TriskL 
guard; Jar 1 od HHBBtniMMnv hack; Greg 
Brttard. Kerin Glem. Morto Honrr. and Todd 
Dbton, wide reeolvers; and Bfll Durkin tfllen- 
siwe iinemcxi. Re-sfgned Brendan Moore, faefc- 
lA Ond Darryl Wren, comerboc fc . 

Wednesday’s NHL Playoffs 

Natfonol Hodtay I 
ANAHEIM— Assigned Mike Monehik, left 
wtog. to Snt Diego. IHU 

Chelsea 1, Coventry 2 
Manchester United Z Sovtrwnnfwt B 

Marseille tL Montpellier Q 
Mantoelller won A3 on penalties 

Brazil j, Iceland 0 

Sae Jose 8 B 1 — l 

Toronto .112-4 

Series tied M 

Fht Period— 1, Toronto MtroiwZ (Eltotb 

Gllmourl,8:B8 ipp). Penaltlw— Larionov, SJ 
(tripping). l:io; LetePvro, Tor (slashtno). 
7: 17; Whitney, SJ dripping), 7:«; Norton SJ 
(roughing), 735; Osborne, Tor (tripping), 
U J3: Eflett, Tor (roughing), 17:48. 

second Feriod-1. Toronto. Gartner 2 (GW. 
CtarkLV^t.a. Toronln Ottome 2 (Gilmour). 
13:29 (sit). Penottlw p . Larionov. SJ t trip- 
ping). 7:11; Andreychuk, Tor (stoddno). 
12:21; Pearaan, Tar (goat la Inter f erence), 
15:45; Baker, SJ (roughing). 17.-34. 

TWrd Period— 1 Toronto, Gtlinour 3 (EL 
irm,3:23 (pp). 5, Toronto, Clark 3 (Mironov, 
EtWttl, tlill (pp). (, San Joan, Duchosne 1 
(Otoitolsh, Fattoan), 15.-M. Penaitiee— Nor- 
ton, 5J {Ngstonu), 1:33; Osborne, Tor (sioth- 
tng),l:33;MortSJ (tripping), 2:58; Berg, Tor 
(tripptog), 6:05; Larionov, SJ tsksMng), 
10:08; Norton, SJ (roughing). W:3fc Baum- 
aarlner. Tor (roughing), use. 

Shots ea mat— Son jo*# 3-114— 2Q, Toronto 
WH*-* oewNHdgy W N t t Htoriai 

Jom Bat i; Taranto 2 of 7; geaD»-5on Jos*, 
1 rite, 54 (38 shotoJS gavesl. Toronto, Potato, 

Vooeouver 2 1 j__s 

DrtNB • 8 B-8 

Vaocounr leads lanes M 
Hot Period— zvoneowe r. RenntngZJaB. 

Z Vancouver, Bure 5 (Momma ftoming). 
17:20. niufflu OMudif Yen (crosscheck- 
tog), 4-J8J EkhnSf Dot Ihokflng stkk), 9-J0; 
Ludwta, Dal (efljowtng), 27r38J Lumme, van 
(hokftto). 13:4B; Geflnas, Van thoMng), 17^7. 

Second Period Z Vancouver, Bure 6 1 Cra- 
ven), 19:39. PtnoH l ee AntaMO. van (togh- 
stlck)ngl.3‘J2; McPhee, Dai (htotvrikXIng), 
3^2; Rom tog. Van (heoUs). )1J4; 
Mametsa V0n (roughing), 11:34; Dktock, 
vm ireuototog). H;34; LedyantOai (rough- 
too). 11:34- Ludwia Dal IrougWiio). 11^4; 
Lnlnyetta Van (roughing), 19:04; N^ratetu 
Dal (roughing}, 19:0L 
ThW Period— Nona, pgnottla— Ewsm. 
Dot (bTtertwence), 5:47; GeUns.Vm (hook- 
too). 9:48; Brawn, Van (holding). 18:12; Hunt- 
er, van (roughing), 18:30,- Churia. DaLmlMr- 
'ntacoMUcf (cnoMdieraina). waO: 

Sheto on aoat-Voneouver 1M2-6-3B. Dap 
las 164-19— 39; pow er p ta i opport u tonev 
— Vancouver 0 of 3; Dallas Bo(«; gaaflas- 
— Vancouver, McLcrouM U9sftof*39 saves). 

Daltab Itoog, 3-1 (30-27). 


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ties, a pr 
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«■ . .-.tfra/- . ' 

Page 24- 



'E Pluribus ’ and All 

By Russell Baker 

N EW YORK — I have 
always been an “E Plu- 
ribus Unum" person 
myself, but the future 
does not look bright for an “E Plu- 
ribus Unum" America. The melt- 
ing pot in which the Pluribus were 
to be combined into the Unum was 
not the success its advertisers had 

Weil, what ever is? It is the desti- 
ny of Americans to be oversold by 
slogans. They know it instinctively, 
which is why advertising is far more 
to blame than Richard Nixon and 
Lyndon Johnson combined for the 
cynicism in which we now wallow. 

What is new these days is the 
passion with which we now pursue 
our tribal identities. 

A generation ago the sociologists 
Nathan Glazer and Patrick Moyni- 
ban (since gone to die Senate) cre- 
ated a stir by pointing out that we 
had been oversold on America as 
melting pcL The one people that 
was supposed to emerge from the 
many stirred into the pot simply 
refused to come forth, they ob- 
served. Anyone who had grown up 
in working-class America already 
knew all this. If you ran with Ital- 
ian kids and got caught alone 
among Irish kids, you knew loos- 
ened teeth or blackened eye. and 
possibly both, might ensue. 

My home was dominated by a 
woman born of a marriage between 
Ireland and Cuba. In that age with 
its unbuttoned indifference to eth- 
nic delicacy, her husband lovingly 
teased her" by saying. “The only 
thing dumber than a dumb Swede 
is a smart Irishman.” 

Since she ruled the domain, she 
could tolerate and even laugh at the 
cruelty of failed-melting-poL hu- 
mor. but no one ever mentioned her 
Cuban blood. In fact her Irish 
mother had been read out of the 
family for marrying a Cuban. 

You grew up knowing instinctive- 
ly that the melting pot was an inferi- 
or vessel but at the same time you 
were encouraged to believe that it 
ought to work, that it must work for 
America to succeed (whatever that 
meant), and that in time it eventual- 
ly would work. Every schoolchild 
was taught at least enough Latin to 
know what “E Pluribus Unum’' 
meant: “From many, one people.” 

How this will all play out is be- 

yond my crystal ball's vision, bui 
the game is already far afoot, and 
we old “E Pluribus Unum" people 
ought to be flexing our own tribal 
muscles on the possibility that it’s 
oping to be all Pluribus and no 
Unum for a long time to come. 

My own tribe. I noticed while 
browsing in the press the other day, 
is being called “Caucasian." This is 
absurd. The Caucasus is a region 
between the Caspian and Black seas 
and contains Russians, Georgians. 
Azerbaijanis and Armenians. 

The etiquette of tire new ethnic 
sensitivity entitles each of us to de- 
cide what we want to be called, and 
it's hard to believe that many in my 
tribe want to face the coming strug- 
gle carrying the banner for the Cau- 
casus, especially since Americans of 
Armenian, Georgian. Azerbaijani 
and Russian blood might sensibly 
object that we are ethnically impure. 

“Caucasian” has long been a 
fussy, stuffy way of saying “a whit- 
ey .” Cops with literary aspirations 
have used it for years. Its one of 
those nice- Nelly lerms that throttle 
our ability to discuss the race prob- 
lem without hypocrisy. Is it impor- 
tant to make clear that the perpe- 
trator was not black. African- 
American, Negro. .Afro-American, 
aperson of color, Hispanic, Latino. 
Chicano or Asian- American? If so. 
announce that he was Caucasian. 

The tribal dignity of all whiteys 
is demeaned by the embrace or this 
silly term. Choosing a name that 
will honor us as we have a right to 
be honored is not Tor me to do. It 
will require a committee. “Whii- 
eys." incidentally, will not do. as we 
vary in color from glorious purple 
to mausoleum gray. 

The Hispanic solution, calling us 
“Anglos.” is pretty, but almost as 
wrong as “Caucasian.” It will also 
offend Celtics among us who de- 
spise England. The Jewish “goyim." 
while picturesque, is equally appli- 
cable to everybody not Jewish. 

The New York acronym 
“WASP" — white Anglo-Saxon 
Protestant — is pleasant but offen- 
sive to white Anglo-Saxon Catho- 
lics, white Anglo-Saxon agnostics, 
white Gallic Protestants, white 
Central European anarchists and 
millions more. 

0 Unum, what misery we courted 
when we forsook thee for Pluribus. 

New York Times Serna 

and condemned 

in C 



ym GoJ&ion fat Tin Vert Time* I Hurd I 

Gale Anne Hurd, the producer of such box-office blockbusters as "Tenuinator V with .Arnold Schwarzenegger, Miles Dyson and Sarah Connor. 

Shocking Futures and Piles of Money 

By Bernard Weinraub 

iYch York Tima Serna 

H OLLYWOOD — Gale Anne Hurd 
said, with a wry laugh. "My films do 
not aspire to Shakespeare." 

Far from it But this 38-year-old pro- 
ducer makes movies that are. by Holly- 
wood standards, more welcome than any- 
thing by Shakespeare. Her films make 
piles of money. 

The latest “No Escape." a futuristic 
film starring Ray Liotta as a prisoner sent 
to a primitive jungle island to die. opened 
at No. 1 at the box office in the United 
States last weekend despite a less-than- 
warm reception from reviewers. 

Typically, Hurd, who has produced such 
innovative successes as “Aliens.” “The 
Terminator.” “The Abyss.” “Alien Nation" 
and "Terminator 2: Judgment Day." speaks 
with coolness and distance about her ex- 
traordinary hits and her career. 

“There's an interesting psychological 
profile of people who come to Holly- 
wood." she said in her elegant new offices 
at Paramount Studios. "They’re insecure 
and unstable. And they'd be insecure and 
unstable anywhere. And what do they do? 
They choose the most insecure and unsta- 
ble place to work, a place where the aver- 

age executive stays in a studio job for 18 
months, where you’re only as good as your 
last movie.” 

By all accounts. Hurd is neither insecure 
nor unstable. The fact thai her newest 
movie seems to be a hit pleases her, of 
course. But only up to a point. 

“Box-office grosses are not something I 
can control." she said. "They don’t keep me 
up nights. Yes, my feelings get hurt when a 
film I've done gets a bad review. Bui it's not 
under my control if a film makes SIO mil- 
lion in a weekend or Sl.l million." 

As blunt as she is confident and success- 
ful Hurd insists ihat she sees no contra- 
dictions between a privileged background 
(and that she's a woman) and the fact that . 
she makes often intense techno-thrillers 
and epics that appeal mostly to men. "No 
Escape.” which stars Ray Lioua. has no 
women in it at ail. 

Some studio executives were aghast at 
that, she said. “They said that we had to 
have a woman, there has to be a love 
interest, you have to have a woman on the 
poster," she said, smiling. “I said: “I really 
can’t do that. This is a prison movie. They 
don’t mix male and female prisoners.’ I 
said, ’If I was going to introduce a woman 

into this environment it would have to be 
her story.' ” She prevailed. 

She was the daughter of a Los Angeles 
real-estate developer, and she attended 
Stanford University, graduating Phi Beta 
Kappa in 1977. Soon after, a professor 
helped her gel a job as an assistant to 
Roger Gorman, the B-movie king, who has 
trained many filmmakers. 

“The interesting thing about working 
for Roger was that it was not like the rest 
of Hollywood: Women had an equal 
chance to do anything,” she said. 

While working for Connan. she met 
James Cameron, who was building model 
spacecraft for Corman and serving as an 
art director. Hurd and Cameron began 
writing “The Terminator" (1984). the 
enormously successful Arnold Schwarzen- 
egger movie the two produced 

They married then divorced after three 
years. Earlier. Hurd was married to Dr. 
Michael McGrath, who is now a promi- 
nent AIDS researcher in San Francisco. 
More recently, she was married for two 
years to the director Brian De Palma, and 
she produced his offbeat 1992 film, "Rais- 
ing Cain." The couple share custody of 
their 2-year-old daughter. 

Despite the success of “The Termina- 

tor," Hurd said studios were resistant to 
having her produce Cameron’s next film, 
“Aliens" (1986). starring Sigourney 
Weaver. “Jim made it somewhat of a pre- 
condition” that she be named a producer, 
she said With the success of “Aliens, 
which grossed $82 million in the United 
States. Hurd was home free. 

In 1 99 1 , she struck gold with “Termina- 
tor 2: Judgment Day.” which has grossed 
nearly $205 mi Dion" in the United States. 

She insisted there was nothing especial- 
ly unusual about her fondness for elabo- 
rate action films. Women, she said, play 
powerful roles in many of these films. 
“ Terminator’ is a very romantic movie," 
she said “I mean, there happen to be 
robots and action sequences and firepow- 
er, but essentially it's a women's movie, 
too. And the same applies to 'Aliens.'" 

Hurd said she had few illusions about 
being a woman in the movie business. 
“Right now, it’s not difficult for me be- 
cause I’ve bad a steady diet of these films, ’ 
she said. “For another woman, it would be 
difficult. And it's even worse if you’re a 
woman director who wants to make action 
films. There's some sense that a woman 
just doesn't have the chops.” 








Low W 










12/53 pc 






0/4B ah 






S/41 sh 






12/53 / 





14(57 1 






7/44 pc 



7 ’44 



7/44 a 







Forecast for Saturday through Monday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 


Bud*M3l 17/62 9/46 

Copenhagen I7.K? 7 44 

CostaM&ol 25 <77 18/M 
Chtofci 14)57 6/43 

EMw^l 14/57 BJ46 
ftnWJ 20*8 10/50 
FramMurt 19/W 6/43 
Onwra 70/B8 12*3 
Hebrta 13/M 401 

Wanfcd 19/66 11/55 
las P*tms 33/73 IB/61 
Lisbon 21/70 13/65 
London IB/M 10/50 

17/62 fl/AB ih 17-62 6/43 pe 

1M53 7/44 • 17.53 8/48 ■ 

25/77 18/M I 24775 18*1 % 

14/57 6/43 I 13/55 3/37 ih 

14/57 BJ46 t 13/56 7/44 sti 

20/66 10/50 s 22/71 10/50 pc 

10/M 6/43 pc 10M 7/44 pc 

HUM) 12/53 pc 33/71 11/52 s 

13M 4/3P pc 13M 7/44 pc 

19/68 11/55 pc 1948 10/50 ih 

33/73 IB/61 1 23/71 18*1 » 

21/70 13/55 * 19*6 13/55 s 

IB/M 10/50 c 16*61 0/46 •* 



Hong Kong 






T ««P« 



High Low W 
34/93 24/75 pc 
34/75 11/52 I 
38/82 23/73 pc 
32/88 23.73 1 
41/108 276W 1 
21.70 9?48 s 

24775 14/ 57 l 
33/99 2371 pc 
29/64 IB/64 pt 
18/54 9/40 pc 

High Low W 
33/91 23-77 pc 
22-71 9-40 i 

38/62 2475 pc 
33/91 24 75 5h 
42-107 27/60 pc 

SOM 7,44 ih 

2475 167M pc. 
KM 23 *3 PS 
28/82 21.75 pc 
21 70 It. 53 : 


Jo n hwsm 

] UrtaoaocmnMy 

| CoW 

I LkwmuonoMr 






10*0 pc 



13. -H 



12*3 pc 






6/43 ah 






BMS pc 






13/55 1 






8/46 a 






16*1 a 






9/4U sh 





4*9 S 





3*7 c 






11*2 pc 

North America 

New York to Boston will 
have coal weather this week- 
end with nun Ikety taler Sat- 
urday mto Sunday. Dates to 
Atlanta will have sunny, 
warm woollier Saturday Into 
Monday. Rain and thurdw- 
storms wn strike the South- 
west with wei snow possMe 
over Ihe higher mountain 


A slow-moving slorm will 
bring rain 10 Athens Satur- 
day. Ram wilt overspread 
Turkey taler in (he weekend. 
Damp, ctillly weather from 
Moscow io Kiev wfl gradual- 
ly give way lo dry. season- 
able weather by Sunday. 
London and Pans w# have 
mM weather with a few scat- 
tered showers. 


Beflng through Seoul w«l be 
dry and warn this weekend. 
Sapporo and northeastern 
China win remain chWy this 
weekend, then turn milder 
early nea week. Hong Kong 
wtf be warm wflh a few scai- 
lered showera. Shanghai will 
be dry and warm while 
heavy ran soaks the nonh- 
em RiHgjpnes. 

Mpn 24/75 
CwTow 19/68 
CflMbtancH 23/73 

Hwtw 21 m 

leva 31/86 

Nairobi 2I/7D 
Ticfe 23/73 

15.59 -S 2475 
10-50 * 23-73 
14-57 -s 22.71 
11/52 pc 25/77 
26/78 pc 31-88 
12*3 pe 22/71 
'0/50 > a/71 


1 Book of the 
7 Apse setting 
is Catchall phrase 
ia Esthete 
17 Uncompromis- 

is Swain song 

19 Doctrinal 

20 French 

21 Teachers' grp 

22 They have 

23 Grammy- 
winning country 

23 Results of 

2fi Farm building 
30 Guarding 
34 Its fruit is 
monkey bread 
36 It's played at the 

a PaHnburg 14/57 3/37 pe 15/59 7/44 c 
StacUwtal 17/62 4/38 pe Ifl/BI BM3 f 

Middle East 








19 /Bfl 11 ®Z pe 23/73 9 MB pc 
13/55 4/39 pc 13/55 7/44 pc 

19/66 13/55 pc 21/70 12-53 pc 
17(82 9/48 l/i 17/62 7/44 pc 
17(82 6/43 pc 13/55 8/43 PC 
HIM 11/52 pe 22/71 9/48 pc 

Today Tomorrow 

High Low W Mgti Low W 

C/F C/F 
23/73 15/58 

24/75 17*2 ■ 

26/78 12/53 a 30/80 16/61 pc 

23/71 6/43 ■ 24/75 11/52 pc 

21/70 10/50 s 23/73 14/57 s 

32/89 13/55 1 30/97 Ifl/BI S 

30/100 IBM « 37/M 21/70 3 

Latin America 

Today Tomorrow 

High Low W High Low W 

SimncoAjm 28432 17452 1 23/73 13/66 oh 

Camau 29/84 21/70 pc 29/84 21/70 PC 

Lana 21/70 17-62 a 22/71 17/82 pc 

MwacoQty 27/90 15/59 ah 20/82 15/59 pc 

HWctaJaiwm 32/89 19/66 pc 3I/BB 20*68 pc 

Surtago 1fl*54 7/44 pc 21/70 7/44 pe 

17/62 12 /M *1 17/02 11/52 pe 
19/66 12/53 pc IBM 11*2 pc 

Lagond: Murwy. pc -partly cloudy. C-ctouCy. sh-9hwws. Hnunwrato/ms. r-raln, si-snow flumes, 
srvsnow, *4ca, W-Woaflwr. AS rnopo, forecasts and daU provided by Accu-Woatfw, Inc. e IBW 

North America 

Anchorag* 9/4fl - 

Mtarta 27/DO 1! 

Boston 17/82 I 

Chicago 14/57 - 

Uanvw 24/75 I 

(Mrod 15/59 • 

HonoUu 29/84 2' 

Houston 30/86 1! 

Loa Angelas 19/08 1! 

hkni 30/B6 2 ! 

IWmaapeta 14/57 - 

Mown*! 15/59 1 

San Fran. 



Solution to Puzzle of Mav 5 

□□□□ anas quods 

nsoH mmso saasn 


smssns annas 
’ □□□ QEiaaaa 
SBQas aass nn □□ 


D000 shsh aaaaa 
hqqsoh aas 

sasss saaass 
QSHLQH Ham □□□□ 
sassa EJDUU Hass 

38 Rose's home 
38 Without 
concern for the 

40 Baron in “Der 

41 Wistful one 

42 Ep cot neighbor 
44 Computer 


47G.&S. princess 
so Embarrass 
51 Strauss's 
‘Ariadne auf 

53 Transportation 
Secretary Pena 

55 Theater's Willy. 
Linda, Happy 
and Biff 

56 Sl Louis arch 

57 Charlotte . 

Virgin Islands 

58 Printed, as a 

58 Way with 

1 One-liners 
a Complete 

3 Fills in a hole 

4 Tennis hothead 

5 XXX activity 

6 Derby 


■ Circus locales 

■ Sports caster 

10 *-— song go 

i* Mr. Chaney 

12 A Karamazov 

13 Part with 

14 Purlieu 

20 Southernmost 
U.S. point 

24 Michaels of 
‘Saturday Night 

ae — —speak (as tt 

27 Footnote abbr. 

28 Literally, 
superior one 

29 Be loyal to 

aa Knowing 

31 Pusher's 

32 Chief god of 

33 Afflicts 

34 HowlBd 

35 Copemican 


■ . f— 

37 Lustrous velvet 
4t Kind of mining 

42 Umpire for the 
duel in “Hamief 

43 Zoo critter 

4« Rate highly . 48'M|*r 

44 Artist Delaunay : . 

45 Car of the 20’s 

4a College leader ; 

. j. ^ 

• at 

f i« 

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PiBde by awn/ Hwowty 

C New York Times Edited fry Will ShortL/ J -^ 

AKSr Access Numbers. , , .-. >?V: 

How to call around the world. • ' Kl. ' 

t . Using the chan below, find the country you are calling from. ' C -> 

1 Dial the corresponding AEST Access Number. _ ~ > -/: ^ . „■ , 

3 An ,\H£T English-speaking Operator or 'Trice prompt will ask for the phone number you "ish to call or coonectyc®® 1 • 
customer service representative - ' _ ; - 

Torecriveyour free wallet card of Access Numbers just dial the access cumber of 

the oountry you're in and ask for Customer Service. '- / 

Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


ASIA Italy- 1T2-1011 Brazil ^ 

Australia 1-800^881-011 liecbtensteia’ 1S5-00-11 

China. PROm 10811 Uthuania* 8*196 Columbia j 

Cmm 018-872 Luxembourg 0-B3Q-QI11 Costa Rica*a 

Bong Kong 800-3111 Macedonia, F.YJR. of 99-6004388 Ecuador* 

lodla* 000-117 Malta* 08QCL890-110 ElSah-adoi** -T: 

tixiowsla* 001-801-10 Monaco* 19*-0011 Guatemala* : - , 

Japan* 0039-111 Netherlands* 06-022-9111 Gny»n*— - 

Korea 009-11 Norway 800-190-11 Honduras^ - “F 

KoreaAA 11* Poland*#" OwOHMSO-OUl Mexicn*^ 9» _ 

MMaysta* 800-0011 Pomigd- 09017-1-288 TManagua) 

Nev.- Zealand 000-911 Romania 01-800-4288 Panar«- . . V 

Philippines* 105-11 hari aTMoscow) 159-9042 Peru* • j 

Sa *P afl *’ 2 35-2872 Slovakia 00^20-00101 SnHn<»™- • V 

Singapore 8lX>-0111-111 Spain* 900-9i'MXMl Uruguay . ~ 

5,1 Lanka 430-430 Sweden* 020 -T 95-611 Venezuela"n ~ T 

Taiwan* 0080-10288-0 Switzerland* 195-00-11 cAniHMEAN 

Thail;ind * 0019-991-1111 UK. | 0500-89-0011 Baharow 

EUROPE Ukraine’ 8*100-11 Bermuda^ 1-J 

0800-890-110 EJ Salvador^ 
19*-0011 Guatemala* 
06 - 022-9111 Gnyana-** 
800 - 190-11 Honduras^ 

[ ^amt oaungamt j Imagine a world w here you can call countrv' to country as easily as you can from home. And 

I ' reac ^ * e d* f ectly from o\er 1 25 countries, Con\'erse with someone who doesn’t speak your 

I language, since it’s translated insrantiy. Call your clients ar 3 aun. knowing then'll gee the message in 

your voice at a more pollte hour - * now possible with 

Touse ^ ese se^ices. dial the .^TST Access Number of the country you’re in and you’ll get ail the 
help \ ou need. With these Access Numbers and \ our ATET Calling Card, international calling has never been, easier. 

If \’ou don t have an AIKT Calling Card or you d like more information on A32ST global services, just call us using the 
convenient Access Numbers on your right 


1 83b 







Czech Hep 


Finlan d* 







MIDDLE EAS T British' 

022-903-011 Bahrain 800-001 Caymai 

0800 - 100-10 Cyprufr' 080-90015 Grenad 

OO-tSOO^OlO Israel 177-1 00-2727 Haiti* 

kmwitt 800-288 Jamaica 

° 0 “* 20-00101 Lebanon (Befant) 426-801 v«tl, f 

8001-0010 Qaur 0800-011-77 StMlia 

9800-100-10 Saudi Arabia 1-800-10 

194-0011 Tttrkey 00- 8 00-12277 Egypt* 

0130-0010 UAE.* %0-121 Gabon 


104-800-01111 Argentina* 001-800-JUQ-llll Kenya* 

0*010-^80-0111 MedcoAAA 95- 

05017-1-288 Niratragna (Managua) r : - JL 

01-800-4288 Panamaa . . '. .. • 

159-5042 PeiU* • 

00-420-00101 Suriname • ^ 

9Q0-9i'MXMl Uruguay 

020- - 79 5 - 6 II Venezuelan • •- 

195-00-11 CARIBBEAN! 

0500-89-0011 Bahamwi 

8*100-11 Bermuda* 

EAST British VL • ' ^ 

800-001 Cayman fro nds - :-l* 

080-90010 Grenada* - : > ' 

177-100-2727 Haiti* OK--.-. 

800-288 Jamaica** frffi 

426-801 Neth.AntIt OW 

1)800-011-77 SLMtt 3 / , Nevis 

1-800-10 AFRICA 

00-800-12277 Egypt* (Cahol _1! 

.- U 

TT 7 ^ 
001 -—. 


weoe* 00-800- 1311 AN 

Hungary* 004-8004)1111 Argentina* 

lcdand*a 999-001 Belize* 

Irehsad 1-800-55BOQO BoUvIi*' 

^ coiirori^ xno- Vorfj Conooct- 

nTuSZ?' alhn8 ha * cen “* 1 

SOO-121 Gabon* 

355 Liberia. 

O-gQP-1132 South AAriea 

-AUr it • b? 3 valUbfe liroroevay atone. 
—CrilKl MlUno i»fly 

-topuwdmlv.teahov* y ' 

jy^f*^ ml ^irennuolanioipltaKcuilforiiijlkKv r "M> P*™ ptotta. iwcpbanw g 3 *?* 1 * . . 

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