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Reform Move 
fe on Skids 

‘The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement’ 

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By David E, Sanger 

Trtif vr\ ‘ Vev >or * 7Vma • s ' <rrr ' ,x 

£ _ ~, ln 30 ^usually frank acknowl- 

|2?£‘ a,3t {*?“ * reform rfror « in inuni- 
nem danger of deraflmem, Japan’s new prime 

Isu f Pmu . H a^ said Tuesday that 
’people at seized wiih uncertainty and a sense 
Of crisis, and warned ibai after a year o! 
nauonai upheaval “the new order is still not in 

Mr. Hata's grim assessment came amid grow- 
ing predictions that his minority gove rnmen t 
might rank among the shortest-lived in modem 
Japanese history. After 12 days in office, his 
cabinet has already deeply offended China and 
bouth Korea, said it sees no early end to its 
continuing, bitter arguments with the Clinton 
administration on trade, and has flip-flopped 
on the question of how it the country should 
deaj with North Korea. One of Mr. Hata’s own 
catenet members conceded at a press confer- 
ence Tuesday rooming that the administration 
- had “made the worst possible start' “ 

The traditional policy speech to Parliament 
was barely finished Tuesday before several of 
Mr . Hata's one-rime allies in the previous coali- 
tion government announced they were combin- 
ing forces. Together with the Liberal Demo- 
cratic Party, which Mr. Hata bolted last year 
when Japan's reform effort seemed more prom- 
ising. they easily have enough votes in Pariia- 
. meat to the defeat the new prime minister when 
■ they choose. 

Mr. Hata tried in his speed! Tuesday to 
repair some of the rinmagp done by his former 
justice minister, Shigeto Nagano, who had de- 
nied that Japan was an aggressor in World War 
II and called the Rape of N anking , the 1937 
massacre in China that left mare than 150,000 
dead, a “fabrication. 1 ' Ever since, Japanese dip- 
lomats have been racing around Asm. explain- 
ing that Mr. Nagano had been forced to give up 
his post even after apologizing for the remarks. 

Acknowledging “the pain and anger of the 
peoples of neighboring countries caused by the 
recent remarks," be said that the country must 
always follow a path “based on its deep re- 

Taking Office, 
Mandela Extols 

f they ^ 
is such tA 


1 have ste 
us 1 as be 
as far a? 
ed by tie 
>e Mfene 
;ould deg 

Shared Patriotism 

„ , . _ I.HJK S*H«'Thc \sj-X3JJtd Ptcw 

rreadest Nelson Mandela waving to weD- wishers as be arrived for the inauguration ceremony in Pretoria on Tuesday. 

Dollar Soars on Interest Rate Signals 

By Bill Keller 

New York Tima Sotw 

PRETORIA — With the commanding digni- 
ty that has carried him through more than a 
half-century of defiance, captivity and concilia- 
tion, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela became the 
first blade president of South Africa on Tues- 

He stood before a crowd of world leaders 
who shunned this capital during its decades of 
infam y, and in a husky, resolute voice swore the 
oath to become the 10th leader of South Africa 
since its union in 1910, but the first elected with 
the participation of the black majority. 

He opened his presidency with an intimate 
speech of shared patriotism, speaking of South 
Africans’ common exhilaration in the seasons 
and the soil their common pain for their coun- 
try’s humiliation before the world and their 
shared relief at being readmitted to the compa- 
ny of civilized nations. 

“Never, never, and never again shall it be 
that this beautiful land will again experience 
the oppression of one by another and suffer the 
indignity of being the skunk of tbe world," be 

By Alan Friedman 
and Lawrence Malkin 

Imanaaonal Herald Tribune 

The dollar and U.S. Treasury bond prices 
rallied Tuesday as financial markets began to 
accept the U.S. administration’s message that 
it would not use tbe American currency to 
force Japan into trade concessions and that 
tbe Federal Reserve Board meant business 
about raising interest rates to fight inflation 
and protea the dollar. 

Less than one week after the Fed. the 
Bundesbank, and 15 other central banks 
Spent an estimated S5 billion intervening in 
foreign exchange markets to prop up tbe 

fliKnp dollar ihslJ S cunwwv 

a»'' i,i^ - v '*wan^yanpertfeSaf '- (fermaunalCBpa^tfetei^- 

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•lie 1.78 " '■ V 

a i*msm 

?■ : ■ "*■ 

Bnt the damage has -atieady been done: Op- 
PQsiriqtt jM^t^^wused the outcry in Asia to 
para fiat's catena asn group of right 

ailing dollar, the US. currency surged against 
the yen and Deutsche mark amid expecta- 
tions that the Fed would soon raise interest 

' Jan. Fife 1 -Var. AprJitay ^ Jan. * 1 . A?r.May iter. 

Source- Bloomberg Herald Tnbane 

Criticized TorW. nritial attempt to protect Mr. 
Nagano rather^han^re tim. . 

“it wifi take a wbilc before many cmmtiies 
forget this.** Masasfai Nish&ara, a professor at- 
Japan's National Defense Institute, said the 
other day. “After a year in which Japan apolo- 

gized and began to heal senne of the wounds, 
there are countries now wondering if we were 

Mr. Hata openly ad mi tted Tuesday that the 
country's political fragility “is not normal” and 
was already talking about holding a new dec- 

His speech was devoid of new ideas on open- 
ing trade, lax. reform or deregulation. 

“Tbe speech had no specifics," former Prime 
Minister Kiichi Mryazawa, a leader erf the lib- 
eral Democrats, said Tuesday night on televi- 

Sec JAPAN, Page 2 

rates again and that the Bundesbank would 
reduce them. 

I The dollar ended New York trading at 
1.6725 Deutsche marks, up from 1.6540 
Monday, and at 104.415 yen, up from 
1G2JS0 yen. At these levels the dollar made 
np row* of the ground it had lost over the 
past two weeks. 

The benchmark 30-year U.S. Treasury 
bond rose 1 13/32 point, to 85 1 1/32. taking 
the yield down to 7.50 percent from 7.63 
percent Monday. The Dow Jones industrial 
average and most other equity indexes also 

Snce last week, markets have been hang- 
ing -on die Fed’s every move, expecting it to 
e nginee r an increase in the federal funds 
target rate from 3.75 percent to at least 4 
percent, and a half-percentage point rise in 
the discount rate to 3 JO percent. When the 
Fed was silent Monday, markets sagged and 
Treasury brad yields surged. 

But on Tuesday, overseas investors suited 
buying Treasury bonds for their high yields. 
At tbe same time members of the U.S. admin- 
istration lined up in an attempt to convince 
traders and investors that the United Slates 
has never wanted tbe dollar to weaken 
against the yen or any other currency. 

Rumors circulated in European financial 
centers and on Wall Street on Tuesday that 
the Federal Reserve and the Bundesbank 
were posed to launch a joint effort on inter- 
est rates — with the Fed moving them up and 
the Bundesbank down. The Fed is expected 
to raise rates on or before its next Open 
Market Committee meeting on May 17. The 
German central bank might cut its discount 
rate as early as Wednesday. 

Analysts said a coordinated centra! bank 
move on interest rates, coming soon after a 
coordinated foreign exchange intervention, 
would send an unmistakable signal of sup- 
port for tbe dollar. 

Aide; 10 President Bill Clinton and a Fed 
official denied the administration ever warn- 
ed the dollar to fall, countering persistent 
market speculation mat the United States 
was pursuing such a policy to balance trade 
with Japan." 

*We never had a it rung-veil policy." W. 
Bowman Cutler, deputy assistant to the pres- 
ident for economic policy, told Bloomberg 
Business News. "We've never regarded the 
yen-dollar exchange rate as a mailer of poli- 

The dollar also drew strength on Tuesday 
from a statement by Mr. Clinton on Monday 
that hi., talks v. ith PrLae Minister Tsutomu 
Hata of Japan had left him “very hopeful" 
that trade talks between the countries would 

The dollar tumbled 20 percent a gains t the 
yen over the past year after U.S. officials said 

Asa token of renewal Mr. Mandela promised 
that an amnesty would be announced soon for 
“various categories" of prisoners. 

He lavished praise on F. W. de Klerk, the 
president who collaborated with him in negoti- 
ating the end of white rule and who on Tuesday 
took the oath as one of Mr. Mandela's two 
deputy presidents in a unity government. 

“The sun shall never set on so glorious a 
human achievement." Mr. Mandela declared. 

In a postinaugural visit to the 50,000 citizens 
celebrating on the lawn far below the govern- 
ment buildings, Mr. Mandela held Mr. de 
Klerk’s hand aloft and bailed his predecessor as 
“one of the greatest reformers, one of the great- 
est sons of our soil.” 

For tbe day. at least, blacks and whites were 
united by the mutual strain of taking in the 
recently unimaginable: 

Fidel Castro making his first visit to the 
country that tried to pulverize his army in 
Angola, the only one among the scores of digni- 
taries tingled out by the crowd for lusty shouts 
of “Viva!" 

Muslim and Hindu prayers being broadcast 
into the air of what has been the most rigidly, 
officially Christian of capitals. 

Tbe navy band in dress whites entertaining 

the inaugural dignitaries with a Zulu migrant 1 

labor song. j . 

And, finally. President Nelson Mandela, now JjQR 11 
commander in chief, reviewing the defense ^ 

force that was built, in laije pan, to prevent . P 1 

someone Hke him from taking power. m “jr 

When nine Mirage jet fighters streaked over- man J' 0 ' 
head as part of an air force aerial salute, the 
citizens assembled on the lawn sent up a roar, COIia P* e 
more out of a new feeling of custody, it seemed, - n P a ' d . w 
than at the thrill erf high-speed machinery. * iave ,e rt 
Mr. Mandela's ascent has been virtually inev- . 
itable, at least since last July, when negotiators ma e 

set the dales for the first elections open to all n 

races. r Pales tin 0 

In the polling that concluded April 29. the and Jciil ^ 
African National Congress won more than 62 1 now * 
percent of the vote, earning 252 of the 400 seats ifS . < ? 0W l u, 
m the National Assembly that on Monday °[ rices 
elected Mr. Mandela without opposition. dentin ' a 
Mr. Mandela, whose Xhosa name. Rolih-’* Ven S ie 
iahla, means “someone who brings trouble on ( for 20 o/ c 
himsdf." knows well enough the difficulties he 0 ut, stunn 11 ' 
has taken on in maintaining the richest econo- ^ p 0 awa tg 
my in Africa while satisfying the promises in-. Mr Ami > 
herent in his triumph. 

StiH Tuesday was a last occasion to contem- -ides. Mi* 1 
plate the distance the country has traversed ex l 
befwe it looks ahead. Four years and three lf - t v n , w /n 
months ago, Mr. Mandela was serving a hfe erteakine — 
sentence for trying to overthrow the govern- 
meat Today, he heads it. 

sentence iot trying to overtnrow the govern- 2 ,^ A uu 
meat Today, he beads iL fcomnll 

He became president on a stage erected in the^ die pea 
reddish sandstone crescent of the government, 
building that overlooks Pretoria and, beyond, ’ w as “mo 
the hulking monument to the great inland trdr a t refused 
of the Afrikaner Voortrekkers. phrasing \ 

Mr. Mandela comes to power preceded by a>d around 
myth, already embodied in liberation songsp minister 
that swelled spontaneously as the crowd waitedjetails of 

in the amphitheater on Tuesday: “Nelson Man- forehand, 
dda! Nelson Mandela!” to sien. / 

dela! Nelson Mandela! to sign, A 

He arrived an hour behind schedule. Accom-wore dial v 
panied by two of bis d aug hters, he listened to this way." 
the swearing-in of his two deputy presidents, 

Thabo Mbeki and Mr. de Klerk. When his own 
turn came, he eagerly began his oath before the T ^ 
chief justice prompted ran. U 

Afln hf <3vJn* raminne tlimiHmvt a 91-eitn 

After he spoke, cannons thundered a 21 -gun 
salute and buzzing formations ct helicopters y 
and warplanes passed overhead. IttWJflC 

Tbe guests arrayed in the autumnal sun in- 
cluded 45 beads of state. Also attending wasi Page 1 
James Gregory, who was Mr. Mandela’s war-^j ^ j^ 0 

See MANDELA, Page 5 gJ-Cmt 


EU Ties Presence in Bosnian 

To an Imposed Settlement 

j: massager 
-ping and it 
tunes of Myi 

pa, has a h 
reral law fir 
rices for crii 

See RATES, Page 5 


Will Berlusconi Really Start a New Era? Italians 

By Alan Cowell 

Nev York Tones Service 

ROME — On the surface, much seems to 

haw defied in My Iandma ^ 
in March consigned a whdeg^eration^igt- 
war poStidans to history rad throstSihno 

IuscSl the tycoon-turned-poh tiaan. into the 

^EvenNfc B«SSwn?s adversaries ^nowi- 
edgethat just as be parlayed 


ty of tes three-month-old Forza Italia party 
into pditical power. 

On Tuesday, he named his cabinet (Page 5) 
“Berinsconfs ability to present himsdf as 


something new is extraordinary," said a foe. 
Massimo D'Alema, deputy head of the Demo- 
cratic Party of the Left the ex-Communisis. 

In Parliament, two-thirds of the faces are also 
new, as are all three coalition partners in Mr. 

Beriusconfs alliance, an uneasy assemblage of 
free marketeers, neofasdsts and federalist- 
minded insurgents. 

Yet, not everyone seems quite sure that after 
26 months of corruption scandals, the newness 
is everything it seems to be: Italians have begun 
to ask whether Mr. Berlusconi will usher in 
another period of instability and doubts about 
tbe honesty and legitimacy of government. 

Several of Mr. Berlusconi's key business as- 
sociates and political allies are under judicial 
investigation for the same misdeeds that deci- 

mated the old guard of Christian Democrats 
and Socialists. 'Serious questions have been 
raised about Mr. Berlusconi's refusal to shed 
his business interests, particularly in private 
television, over which he will have huge influ- 
ence as prime minister. 

And as Ttaiians look forward to the privatiza- 
tion of vast state holdings, yet more worries 
have surfaced about the role 10 be played by 
Mediobanca, a secretive pillar of the financial 
establishment that is both poised to profit from 
See ITALY, Page 5 

By William Drozdiak 

Washington Post Service 

PARIS — France and its European partners 
have decided to make a last-ditch effort to 
persuade tbe United Stales and Russia that the 
time has come for the international community 
(0 impose a political settlement on the warring 
factions in Bosnia-Herzegovioa. 

Foreign Minister Alain Juppt of France said 
in an interview that if a meeting in Geneva on 
Friday of foreign ministers from Europe, Rus- 
sia and tbe United States failed to achieve a 
consensus on an international peace plan, Eu- 
ropean countries would begin preparing the 
withdrawal of their peacekeeping troops from 
Bosnia, a move that could scuttle the 38.000- 
meraber UN mission in the former Yugoslavia. 

Mr. Juppe will fly to Washington on 
Wednesday to explain the urgency- of the Euro- 
pean Union's approach to President Bill Gin- 
ton, Secretary of Slate Warren M. Christopher, 
Defense Secretary William J, Perry and con- 
gressional leaders from both parties. Tbe ap- 
proach was agreed on by senior officials from 

d Setdement]Cl 

son! the pn 

various European capitals in the last few daysiicfa represe 
Mr. Juppfc warned that if tbe United Staie.T magazine 
used the pretext of a European pullout to reviv. that 100,1 
efforts to lift the arms embargo and deploy aimt issue w 
strikes to bolster Bosnia’s mostly Muslim gcrv N with an ad 
eminent, it must be prepared for an eruption cpuied to ne> 
hostilities that would quickly spread to othe and areas n< 
parts of the Balkans, something tbe Unite- 
States has pledged to prevent M made its w 

“Have you thought what would happen if thing budgets 
United Nations leavesr Mr. Jupp£ saiojes-Theclos 
“Right now the situation on the ground ie are adverti 
stable. There is no bombardment of Sarajevo cby the indusi 
Gorazde. Things are relatively calm. But if thlnch Nails, a 
UN troops pull out, you can be sure that anne-ties, a prod 1 
hostilities will escalate all over.” jacco Co. 

Mr. Juppe said France and other Europeavth, Mr. Sir 
governments with peacekeeping units in tbns, which c 
area have concluded that their presence is ur and they co= 
tenable unless a peace settlement backed by tfeuild up. 
major international powers is consummate^ I sold 360, ( 
this summer. ais of thousai 

The dilemma for European government es,” Mr. Str 

See ALLIES, Page 5 

could have s> 


inmuni mm* 

Muslim Attack on Brcko Reported 

BELGRADE (Reuters) - Mflsfon 

jh-iimp the northern Bosnian Serb- 
started sneraig heavy artillery an 

held town of ho . news agency 

UJSTmonitors smdthry 
Taxqug <lheI w 

1 aD -l u ?Ti_Z;o rt Serbian Parliament season 

Tiniua said the assault 

Sato Parham ^3S 

SSelj&y »^ mat ,mB straddlfflS . 

the only supply irate bolting Serbia proper 
with Serb-bad territories in western Bosnia 
and Croatia. It give no further details about 
the extent of tbe attack. 

The United Nations, fearing an impending 
major battle for the town where die supply 
route to other Serb-held areas is only five 
kflometert at its narrowest point, deployed 32 
UN nnlrteiy observers in the area. 

i^zini D3nn ttujd 

Friends Call American an Unlikely Spy 

rs of sneaker 
rket out there 



BBC sad Tu ?T. y „S iBBneni dunnels in 
create news and Sut es. 

EvreiX, AM *Lrenifon wcuJd take 
mBBC srf '*Sf p with 

gg BriSd. 

inal TV Expansion 

partncrshqj’s first venture win be two satel- 
lite-delivered channels in Europe. (Page 9) 

By Rick Atkinson 

Mir hotgion P.xn Service 

BERLIN — To his family and frieads. Jeffrey Sehevitz is a compas- 
sionate promoter of world peace, an erstwhile campus radical and an 
accomplished academic who left the United States two decades ago to 
bran a new life as a sociologist in Germany. 

To German counterespionage officials, Jeffrey Sehevitz is a spy and 
betrayer of his adopted country, a man who for a dozen years Tunneled 
nuclear secrets to the Communist rep me in the former East Germany. 

Mr. Scbevuz. 53. now sits in a German jail since his arrest last week 
on suspicion of espionage. 

The federal prosecutor's office contends that, from 1977 to 1989. Mr. 
Sehevitz passed “a multitude of information and documents" to the 

East German Ministry for State Security — the notorious Stasi — by D I 
exploiting his position as a researcher at a Berlin university and later hisfifC MXCUa 
job at Germany's Nuclear Research Center in Karlsruhe. ~ 

Mi. Scbevitz’s American wife, Beatrice Altman, also was arrested on m appropri; 
suspicion of having smuggled sensitive information to a Stasi case 
officer in East Berlin, but she was released. responsible 

“At this point," Ms. Altman said in a brief telephone interview from 31 ?® 5 P°^> 
her home in Karlsruhe, ^1 really don't want to say much. I'm in shock.” v,ew on . d 
So are Mr. Schevitz’s friends and colleagues, who have be gun countering sp 

to his defense. Some find it inconceivable that an expatriate America?, ^ tes . ^ } 
leftist sociologist could have access to genuine nuclear secrets, even if he l0f 

See SECRETS, Page 5 3&S& 

‘ the Federal I 

Stofl^/Eirt wtal nmwrt 

The Dreyftts case contes to the opoaiic stage, 
in a wtxld premiere in Berlin. Page & 

Book Review Page 8 . 





i Egypt 

1 France.— 



1 fai v. 

Ivory Coast 


j Lebanon- 

NewssW ng^t^—- p r 

.1*1-20 FF Rial* 


960 CF A 

300 Dr. Spain l 0 ooDfn 

**’* inn l ire TUn*S |0 — • , ocnOO 


The Dollar 




300 Dr. 1000 Din 

“law Lire Turusio — g^ooo 

;Ti20CFA *50 Dim 





Audience, but Will Ads Sell? 

jw York, said 

lay. “You ca 
loating exchai 
ange rate large 
s said Tuesc 

By Michael ianofsky 

.\’m hint Semce 

NEW YORK — Restricted a> thev are. pris- 
oners still eal. They also smoke, read, listen to 
music, study languages and play the harmonica. 

“The average prisoner spends SL200 to 
S 1.500 a year at the prison commissary.” said 
Joe Strahi, who ran one for five years in Dan- 
ville. Illinois. 

1^54 _ 3th Haibfldtf.Rrtiff' 

1-498 A FakstBHan hangtog iq) flags in Jericho. 

102^5 Distress is growing as PLO leaders strug- 
5-672 gfe to floirfement the peace deaL Page 5 . 

With the U.S. pri' -" population about 1.5 
million people. Mr. determined that jail 
cells held a 52 billion nr-arkrt. with liule to \ap it 
directly but the cc-mmi -Miry. So last fall, he 
bought a moribund magazine called Prison 
Life, “the Voice of liw Crarfei,” and began 
publishing it e\er- ntii.f m' -nth. 

Could a magazine hope for a more cqitive 

The logic for such a venture appears irrefut- 
able. Generally, prisoners are allowed to buy 
many items through money kept in individual 
accounts and managed by the prison. But be- 
fore Prison Life, they had no marketing vehicle 
expressly for them, as tbe magazine is intended. 
“By the prisoner, for the prisoner,” Mr. Strah] 

The June issue of 96 pages features a cover 
article on Herby Sperling, who is serving a life 
sentence at a federal peniteniiaiyin Lewisburg. 
Pennsylvania, on drug charges. The profile de- 
scribes him as an “all-around heavyweight 
gangster of classic proportions.” Also included 

are articles entitled “Tough Guys Open Up ^ 
’CaSh —Confessions of a Drug Kingpin” £ a noor U 
“Mother Teresa on Death Row,” an inmate 
story of the day seven years ago that the Nob 11 
Peace Prize winner visited San Quentin. w ' tl 

There are also departments, Hke guest edit d Thai c 
rials, mail. Cellmate of the Month, Ask BubWk an 
and In-Cell Cooking. aloing di 

But it's not all editoriaL Nearly 20 pages held by 
advertisements offer a variety of mafl-ord 
products that ostensibly prison officials wotfSh said i 
deem acceptable, like audio tapes that tea> a omen 
Russian, French and other languages, and su QO * com 
piemen is that are supposed to enhance znusi^d to com 

last week 

See PRISON, Page 5 aful. 

Page 2 





« Missing 
h In Japan 

C Fuel Not Diverted, 
Officials Insist 

In Nod to U.S., 











Near f'rvA Times Service 

TOKYO —Japanese nuclear or- 
ficials acknowledged Tuesday that 
a design flaw in the coumry's plu- 
tonium fuel-making plant had 
made it difficult to track the where- 
abouts of 70 kilograms of plutoni- 
um, but they insisted that tests 
yjj showed it had not been diverted 
jj from the plant. 

Officials said the plutonium for 
“ Japan’s much-criticized program to 

“breed" plutonium as fuel for reac- 

tors had amply accumulated in the 
jj, form of dust and waste inside the 
plant. But the amount was so large 
ie — enough to make nine nuclear 
tp] weapons — that the International 
-Jr Atomic Energy Agency has in- 
£ v strucied the Japanese to dismantle 
ro) some key elements of the plant and 
T re-account for the plutonium, 
vi “We can say with full confidence 

By Patrick E. Tyler 

Saw York Tima Service 

BEIJING — Yu Haocbeng, a former 
Communist propaganda chief who became a 
vociferous proponent of democracy in China 
during the 1 980s. will be allowed to leave the 
country later this month to study and lecture 
at Columbia University. 

Ten previous petitions to go abroad were 
refused by Communist Party authorities. 

Mr. Yu, 66, the former chief editor of the 
Masses Publishing House, an organ of Chi- 
na's Public Security Bureau, received a Chi- 
nese passport this week allowing him to 

apply for a visa to enter the United States. 

China's decision to gram Mr. Yu an exit 
permit is an important step in its efforts to 
comply with one pan of President Bill Clin- 
ton's May 1993 executive order on human 
rights in China. Mr. Yu was first on the list of 
Chinese dissidents whose unsuccessful at- 
tempts to leave the country were raised by 
the State Department’s senior human rights 
official John Shauuck, last fall. 

The resolution of Mr. Yu's case follows 
the release last month of Wang Juntao. one 

of the leaders of the 1989 Tiananmen Square 
uprising who had received a 13-year prison 
sentence in 1991 and was suffering from 
hepatitis. He was put on a flight to New York 
lo seek treatment on “medics! parole." 

Human rights organizations hailed Mr. 
Wang’s release, but they also stepped up 
their efforts to demonstrate that China's hu- 
man rights record has been deteriorating in 
some important respects, including the con- 
tinued detention without charge of the coun- 
try's most well-known dissident, Wei Jing- 
sheng, his secretary, Tong Yi, and thousands 
of other political and religious detainees. 

As Mr. Yu was receiving the news about 
his passport in Beijing, security authorities in 
Shanghai appeared to be carrying out a new 
crackdown on a group of dissidents with four 
reported arrests. 

In February, Mr. Yu had told associates 
that be was very discouraged after his ninth 
request to leave China was turned down. He 
has been seeking to lake part in academic 
programs abroad. 

A Western diplomat who has followed Mr. 
Yu’s case said the news of his freedom to 

travel was "very encouraging" and also "very encouraging China lo take bolder steps to 
significant" because his case was "one of the end human rights abuses. They have said 
more difficult ones" that the Clinton admin- that doing so will give Mr. Clinton greater 

titration had hoped to resolve this month. 

Mr. Yu was not available for comment, 
but he has told associates that he is looking 
forward to ending his state of internal exile, 
which has prevented him from working or 
publishing in China for more than five years. 

He has bought an airline ticket to leave the 
country on May 28. 

By June 3. Mr. Clinton must decide wheth- 
er China has made "overall significant pro- 
gress” in human rights, as the executive order 
requires, or face the cancellation of its most- 
favored -nation trade status on S30 billion in 
exports to the United States. 

Mr. Clinton, in remarks last week, strong- 
ly indicated thai he was not inclined to 
cancel the trade agreement with China be- 
cause to do so "would undermine what I 
hope to see in terms of our relationship" and 
“it would be detrimental lo the economic 
progress of China and to the standard of 
living which has come to so many millions." 

Administration officials have openly been 

political support in Congress to sect a China 
policy that is not held hostage to the animal 
renewal of trading privileges. 

Along with astrophysicist Fang Lizhi, who 
lives in exile in the United States, Mr. Yu 
was the first of China's intellectuals to assert 
that human rights were not something to be 
granted by the Communist Party, but rather 
were inherent and inviolable. 

la November. Mr. Yu challenged the as- 
sertion widely stated by Chin a's lea ders that 
international pressure over human rights 
amounts to interference in its internal af- 

"If it is the sovereign government winch 
infringes or tramples upon the human rights 
of its citizens" then “all the resolutions safe- 
guarding h uman rights passed by the United 
Nations are but a mere scrap of paper,” he 
wrote in an address, delivered in absentia, to 
a Hong Kong symposium on “H uman rights 
in Europe and Asia." 


China Denies Army Role in KiHiags 

BEUING (AFP) — For the first ume, China has «plkatly riiled out 
involvement in the murder of 24 tourists from Taiwan in Kfareh. 
. j j_ v.. a Taiwan fact-finding group tointenew^J 

. pr that none of it has been diverted.” 
rK said Yukiya Amano. the head of 
the nuclear energy division of the 
-j Foreign Ministry, 
pp The incident, disclosed by a 
Washington-based group, the Nu- 
U2 clear Control Institute, which op- 
ijj, poses Japan's use of plutonium for 
Ip, a new new generation of nuclear 
^ reactors, is an additional setback 
' K for Japan's nuclear program. 

« The effort to recycle nuclear 
f j waste into fuel has been slowed 
05 drastically because of its tiemea- 
lt( dously high cost and because of 
growing fears overseas that Japan 
would be left with slocks or near 
I J bomb-grade plutonium. 

-* Last week. Defense Secretary 
William J. Perry said that if Japan 
should ever decide to violate its no- 
m nuclear stance because of a threat 
13 from North Korea or another 
]e neighbor — something that the 
■Japanese insist will never happen 
m — its supplies of plutonium would 
-a be easily available for conversion. 




* Record Cabinet? 


* Continued from Page 1 

31 sion. “1 guess it was the best the 
0 bureaucrats could prepare," be 
K said, a swipe that suggested Mr. 
I Ha La is at the mercy of the coun- 
” try’s bureaucracy. 

As soon as the long-overdue 
11 1994 government budget is passed, 
a probably by the end of May. the 
a liberal Democrats and others are 

* threatening to introduce a no-con- 
^fidence vote that Mr. Haut would 
a surely lose. He controls only about 
0 130 erf 1 the 512 seats in the lower 
G house. 

0 That fragility is clearly begin- 
s ning to cost Mr. Hata abroad. 

When Chancellor Helmut Kohl of 
JI Germany met the new prime minis- 
£ter last weekend he minced no 
r words. 

“I’m getting tired of meeting a 
j new Japanese leader every year” or 
Jj so." Mr. Kohl told Japan's sixth 
_ prime minister in five years, as Jap- 
? anese diplomats silling in the room 

_ Mr. Hata mumbled something 
obligatoiy about doing his best to 
b keep his job longer than his prede- 
e Lessors. But the question is whether 
P he can hold out another 42 days. 
J The shortest-lived cabinet lasted 54 
fdays, during the First weeks after 

* Japan’s surrender in World War II. 


■i To subscribe in France 

h just call, tad free, 

? 05 437 437 I 

_ Midu .1 I'omu' Ajmc Frukf IV."» 

SON TO THE RESCUE — Deng Pufang, son of China's paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, being helped Monday on Iris way to a 
press conference in Beijing where he again denied rumors circulating in recent weeks that Iris father had died or lay dose to death. 

North Korea 
Said to Ease 
Stance on 
Fuel Rods 

, Jo army man or people other than dm three suspects were fotusiin 
havepartrapated" in the March 31 arson attack on a tourist boat in jfc 
eastern province of Zhgiang. the Xinhua press agenqy quoted a ja^ 
security official as saying late Monday. ^ ” \ ■ 

Officials in Taipei had previously alleged that j Pem>les ;Ubntk«. 
Army soldiers were involved in the attack on Qiandao. Lake that left 5 
people dead, indnding the 24 tourists. 

French Leaders Split on Atomic T^sts 

PARIS (Renters) — President Francois Mitterrand, a Socialist, aaj 
Prime Minister Edouard Bahadur, a conservative, clashed publkly on ^ 
future of French nuclear weapons tests Tuesday. ■ _ . ... . 

“It is a major point of disagreement, Mr. Mitterrand said a 
television interview after Mr. BaBadur distanced hims elf fro m -the ja^. 
dent's freeze on nuclear testing. Marking his 1 3th anniversary in o£fj» ' 
Mr. Mitterrand also criticized Mr. Ballad Ur’s social and tdusinn 
policies in the most serious public rift in 13 months, of “cohabHfitujft 

with a center-right government. . 

The prime minister said earlier that his government would not siga a 

treaty to ban nudear tests as long as it fdl furthCT tests were “essenfialto 

the igrhnical credibility of our deterrent force.” Mr. Mjttcirand:whp rt 
term expires in May 1995, retorted: “I informed the prune minister^ the 
defense minister and the foreign minister of my decision. I sad then 
would be no more nuclear tests so long as I am here. We disagree. Bin in \ 
this case, it is the president of the republic who decides. So I used, in ' 

Major Bars Referendum on Europe 

LONDON (AFP) — Prime Minister John Major on Tuesday ruled out 
holding a referendum on closer ties between Britain and the test pf 
Europe, sayin g his opposition to refereadums remained nwhaqp*^ " 

“1 am skeptical about referendums,” he said during House of Com- 
moos question time. “I made that dear in the Maastricht debate and I 
haven’t changed my mind about that" . • . ' 

The crashing defeat of Mr. Major’s Conservative Party in local dec- 
dons last week raised the stakes in the June 9 vote for Britain's 87 
delegates to the European Parliament in Strasbourg. 

South Claims to Block North Ye 

ROME (Reuters) — Argentine police have arrested a former Goman 
Nazi SS captain, Erich Pnebke, who is wanted in connection xrith the 
worst war crime committed in Italy, the Italian Interior Ministry said 

A minis try official said the arrest took place in the southern Andean 
resort of San Carlos di Bariloche, where Mr. Priebke, 81, had lived 
peacefully for 46 years until he was traced to the town by the" U A 
television network ABC 

His arrest followed the issuance on Monday of a warrant by an Italian 
military prosecutor who wants to try him in connection with then 
killings in March 1944 of 335 Italians at the Ardeatine Caves near! 

Italy said it bad begun formal extradition proceedings. 

East Timor Envoy Attacked in Lisbon 

LISBON (Reuters) — Demonstrators hurled manure and eggs « 
Indonesia's representative for East Timor when he arrived in Lisbon on 
Tuesday from the former Portuguese colony. 

Dozens of East Timorese ana their supporters chanted “assassin," 
called the ambassador, Lopes da Grata “traitor” and pushed him to the 
ground as he left Lisbon’s airport, TSF radio said 

Mr. Da Cruz, ambassador-at-large for East Timor, arrived with 41 
Roman Catholic pilgrims who were granted Portuguese visas last month 
as part of a move to promote dialogue with Indonesia. Portugal brakeuff 
relations with Indonesia after it invaded East Timor in 1975. 


ADEN. Yemen — Southern Yemen’s mili- 
tary command, locked in civil war with forces 
from the north, said Tuesday its troops had 
blocked a big new push by their foes seeking to 
capture Aden. 

The thrust toward the southern city, head- 

3 waiters of Vice President Ali Salem Baid, was 
ie north's ninth attempt to cross the old bor- 
der between former North and South Yemen, 
Aden Radio said. 

"It looks like we are moving towards stale- 
mate." a Western analyst said of rival victory 
claims that have marked seven days of fighting. 

The northern military, loyal to President Ali 
Abdullah Saleh, said Tuesday that its forces 
shot down two southern Sukhoi fighter-bomb- 

ers in battles Monday for control of the ap- 
proaches to Aden. 

It repealed claims that northern forces were 
only five kilometers (three miles) from the port 
city, saying one brigade was in Dar Saad on the 
outskirts while other forces were advancing 
from other fronts. 

Aden said that its enemy had been cleared 
from the approaches to the' city and that fight- 
ing was now centered on three border districts 
in mountainous regions 100 kilometers north of 

The southerners denied that northern forces 
were anywhere near Dar Saad. a suburb on the 
edge of Aden's Sheikh Oth man township. 

It was not possible to confirm the south's 
report that the latest northern push at the old 

■j 2.1L, 

border had been thwarted. Aden Radio said 
four units, including two full brigades and Col- 
onel Saleh's elite Republican Guard, had been 

Meanwhile, foreign governments from Asia 
to Europe scrambled to evacuate nationals by 
air and sea. 

Two hundred people, including oil workers. 
French tourists and a wounded southern soldier 
ferried by the French warship Le Var arrived in 
Djibouti on Monday night. " 

The north put iii casualties since full-scale 
battles erupted last Wednesday at 9! dead and 
314 wounded. A southern statement said 38 
people were killed in a single battle on Monday. 
Aden has yet to publish overall casualty figures 
for Lhe southern forces. 

U.S. Military to Airlift Aid to Rwandans 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

NAIROBI — The United States, 
in its first military involvement in 
Africa since the iH-fated Somalia 
operation, said Tuesday that it was 
sending 15 military flights to cany 
relief supplies to Rwandan refu- 
gees, officials said. 

“The government of the United 
Stales has bqpm an airlift of ur- 
gently needed Food, medical and 

building supplies to Rwandan refu- 
gees now encamped in Tanzania 
and Burundi," said a statement 
from the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi. 

It said C-141 “Starlifter" trans- 
port aircraft were on their way 
from Europe and the Middle East 
to the Tanzanian town of Mwanza 
on the shores of Lake Victoria. The 
relief would be distributed by vol- 
untary aid groups from there". 


the finest location. 

first business address in 

i*a Leading Halil, 

Zv i FAX < 41 22 ) 722 4 5 53 

Geneva s 

one at 

Ihe^odinsrHoteJs at thefWbrid- 
TEL. (41 22) 731 93 31 

“Other flights may be required in 
the next days and weeks as addi- 
tional humanitarian assistance is 
requested and approved.” the 
statement said. 

The United Slates has mdicaied 
that it will not put troops into an 
intervention operation in Rwanda 
lo stop mass killings by Hutu death 
squads since the death of President 
Juvenal Habyarimana in a rocket 
attack on his plane on April 6. 

U.S. officials who visited the re- 
gion last week said Washington 
wanted African troops to do the 
job. The Organization of African 
Unity wants wider participation. 

The statement said aid would 
also go to refugees in Burundi, 
where about 38.000 people have 
sought safety. 

As the United Stales announced 
its airlift, the United Nations -.aid 
that a Ghanaian peacekeeping sol- 
dier was killed by mortar fire in 

fighting between ethnic Tutsi re- 
bels and Hutu-dominated govern- 
ment forces for control of the 
Rwandan capital. Kigali. 

The Ghanaian was Lhe 11th sol- 
dier in the UN Assistance Mission 
in Rwanda to die since the fighting 
erupted in April the statement o£ 
mined here said, f Reuters. AFP) 

A genet France- Pmzc 

SEOUL — North Korea has 
pulled back from a threat to carry • a • wr r ■ o - 

out the controversial replacement Argentina SeiZCS WaKinme oUSDect 
of nuclear fuel rods without the “ _ _ ... * • 

presence of international monitors, 
according to officials and press re- 
ports Tuesday. 

Pyongyang had rejected Interna- 
tional Atomic Energy Agency de- 
mands for United Nations experts 
to test the fuel rods to settle a 
dispute on whether North Korea 
has developed a nuclear bomb. 

But North Korea now appears to 
have responded favorably to U.S. 
mediation in Lhe dispute over out- 
side sampling. South Korean For- 
eign Ministry officials said. 

The fuel rod operation appears 
to be i mmin ent, and South Korean 
officials have threatened to discuss 
sanctions with Washington unless 
North Korea allows sampling by 
the agency. 

Last Friday, the atomic agency 
said it would not send monitors 
unless they could test to see wheth- 
er fissile material had been diverted 
for military purposes. 

During talks Tuesday in New 
York, Washington pressed North 
Korea to delay changing the rods, 
according to South Korea's Yon- 
hap press agency. 

“There is a possibility of finding 
a breakthrough in their negotia- 
tions," Yunhap quoted a diplomat- 
ic source in Washington as saying. 

Pyongyang also showed willing- 
ness to allow additional nuclear 
checks and change film in surveil- 
lance equipment But North Kore- 
an officials remained opposed to 
allowing inspectors to collect sam- 

“Therefore, the two sides could 
be seeking a compromise on this 
point" an official source said. 

The source added that U.S. ne- 
gotiators also had pressed the 
atomic agency to reopen negotia- 
tions with North Korea on sending 
an inspection team. 

The nuclear issue could be re- 
ferred back to the UN Security 
Council if Pyongyang and the 
atomic agency fail to agree on nu- 
clear inspections this week. 

U.S. officials stressed Tuesday 
that high-level talks between 
Pyongyang and Washington could 
be broken off if inspectors were not 
present during the changing of the 
fuel rods, Yonhap said. 

* ****** ***** 

i-SCu Ml 

Panel’s MPs Block London Bail Plan 

LONDON (Reuters) —Plans to build a £2.5 billion (S3.74biffioa) rail 
link under the center of London hit a snag on Tuesday when members of 
Parliament blocked the passage of the CrossRail btIL 
The CrossRail project, termed visionary by Prime Minister John Major 
and designed to slash travel times east to west across the capital, may now 
be scrapped after the surprise decision by a parliamentary committee. 

Mr. Major's Conservative government is to decide whether to intro- 
duce another bfll covering the project, but CrossRail will certainly be 
delayed well past its scheduled start-up date of the turn of the centnry. 

Pofisfa pilots plan a two-hour wanting strike Wednesday lo demand 
additional safety regulations and wage increases. The strike will take 
place from 7 A^L lo 9 A^L and affect both international and domestic 
flights by the Polish national carrier LOT. (AP) 

Rome, Milan, Genoa, Turin and other major Itafian dries were hit by 
four-hour transit strikes Tuesday morning that forced millions of com- 
mutes to drive or walk to work. The strike was called by leaders of umoos 
representing 140,000 transport workers, who. want a new contract that 
links wage increases to inflation. UP) 

Air Canada wiB start trans-Padfk (fights to Seod on May 16. It wifl 
offer three flights a week from Toronto, cadi with a stopover in Vancou- 
ver, British Columbia. (Bloomberg) 

A scorpion stung tat American passenger on a Northwest Airlines 
from Manila to Tokyo on Tuesday, and the plane was cleared For a quick 
landing at Tokyo’s international airport, the Japanese Transport Minis- 
try said. Doctors determined after the landing that the scorpion was not 
poisonous, and the passenger was not seriously hurt. UP) 

- mask: 

■■ =?. S*.' 


A net 


John Gac 

■j., . 


•sic! QMHc 

- Wdltt 

Power Loss a Mystery in Taiwan Jet Crash 


For Work, LBesnUAcadsnlc Evxfenx 
Through Corverfert Home Stacy 

(3109 071-0306 ext 25 
Fa (310)471-6056 

F« or send detailed resume 

Pacific Western Universitv 

600 N. Sepulveda Blvd.. DepL 2? ~ ' 
Lob Angeles, CA mom 

Compiled hr Our Staff From Dispatches 

TOKYO — A China Airlines plane that 
crashed last month killing 264 people suffered a 
mysterious power failure moments before it 
crashed and exploded at j Japanese airport, 
investigators said Tuesday. 

“I have no recollection of a case like this, an 
apparent failure of all power." said Manabu 
Matsumoio. chairman of the Transport Minis- 
try's Aircraft Accident Investigation Commit- 

But Mr. Matsumoio. announcing an interim 
report of the committee's findings, said he did 
not yet know whether the pilot or the Taiwan- 
ese airline's Airbus A -300 was to blame for the 
crash, which occurred at Nagoya airport in 
central Japan on April 26. Only seven people 

“We have not started the full analysis of the 
available data.” Mr. Matsumoio said. “We 
have no theories or conclusions. 1 ' 

Electricity on the Airbus is normally provid- 

ed by generators in both engines and an auxilia- 
ry power unit. Mr. Matsumoio said he did not 
know how all three systems could have failed at 
the same time. 

The power failure deprived investigators of 
crucial clues from the cockpit voice recorder 
and the digital flight data recorder, he said. 

A rough analysis of the flight and voice 
recorders showed the 26-year-old co-pilot, who 
was flying the Airbus A-300B4-622R as it ap- 
proached the runway, came in loo high and 
activated an electronic “go- around” device to 
make another landing attempt. 

But contrary to instructions provided by the 
plane's makers. Airbus Industrie, the co-pilot 
seems to have pushed down the control wheel 
while in the go-around mode, causing the plane 
to come close to stalling, Mr. Matsumoio said. 

At this point, he said, the plane's advanced 
anti-stall protection system may have taken 
over, causing the engine to increase thrust. Thai 
could have had the effect of throwing the air- 
craft into a sleep climb that preceded the crash. 

“It is important to note that otto planes of 
the same type have come out of such dangerous 
situations,” Mr. Matsumoio said.^ “We Italy dto 
not know where the power failure fits m this 

The Transport Ministry issued a warning 
Tuesday to Japan Air System, wind) opera*® 
the same type of Airbus, to heed the 
instructions or change computer software so 
captains can easily override tin; auto-pitot sys- 

The ministry released the text of a wanting 
contained in the Airbus A-300-600R's op?^~ 
ing manual saying the plane’s compute-®® 
controls remain in partial operation even when 
a pilot attempts to override them. Thai 
lead to a hazardous situation" during landings 
and in go-around mode, the manual said. 

The ministry said Airbus Industrie had sent 3 
recommendation last year to all airlines using 
the A-300-600 series saying they should reptoj 
its computer software. It was endear wto*®" 
China Airlines had done so. (Revsen, A"l 

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Clinic Wins 


Page 8 


IH H 8 r SI R ft i ft ft 





ByS ^&Verhovek 



OD^SL™? 1 ^ clinic Whose 

— — vention here. 
■xSS*?* to a ™*. which was 


hood had sought, dated advocates 
^abortion rights and clearty 
that people who 
had aaunbmed money to anti- 
ahwuon causes could see some 
portion go to abortion clinics in the 
form of damages paid by ami-abor- 
tion groups. 

Leaders of the two groups that 

JEiE - " 8 ! to ^ **» money. 

^scue and Rescue 
America-National, said they would 
nc 5 Er d ? so and vowed to appeal. 

But the fact that the seven-man, 
five- woman jury made such a large 
award in a relatively conservative 
state hke Texas had leaders of 
abortion rights groups contemplat- 
ing, lawsuits in other states where 
aim-abortion protesters have dis- 
rupted the operations of abortion 

Planned Parenthood officials 
said they brought the Texas suit 
under a general strategy that they 
compared to a Southern civil rights 
group’s successful effort to ample 
a branch of the Ku KIux Klan a few 
years ago by obtaining a huge dvS 

Abortion rights advocates 
around the United States hailed 
Monday's ruling as a new legal tod 
and said they believed the threat of 
huge monetary damag es might do 
far more than the threat of jail to 
deter many abortion opponents 
from blocking access to cfciics or 

Jnder the order. Operation Res- 
cue must pay S350,00fl and its lead- 
er at the time of the protests, Rev- 
erend Keith Tbcd, was assessed 

5150.000. Rescue America must 
pay 5355,000 audits national direc- 
tor. Don Treshman, was told to pay 


"They’ll go to jail as a badge of 
honor, but if you start talking 
about TTus is going to cost you 
some money and you’re going to 
have to pay,’ it's. a. totally different 
scenario,” / said 4^s&e Sebastian,, 
special projects coordinjrtac- for- 
PUmied Parenthood inSfin Diego. 

But the Reverend Ftfp Beaham, 
the DaBa*basod director cf Opera- 
tion Rescue, scoffed at the not io n, 
sayug members of his cotip would 
go ahead with plans to nemoostrate 
at a new abortion clinic In Waco, 
Texas, later this month. ' . " 

"We are prodahmng that Jesus 
b Lord and we will never, ever bade 
“ he said. 

n ATT lf*k %■ — . I I>J J W I rj»< p»i— „ 

CLOoE-UP — Mr. Cfintoo taking a question from a remote location during a televised "town meeting" in Cranston, Rhode Island. 

Kennedy Lays Out His Plan 

WASHINGTON — Edward M. Kennedy, 
the Senate's senior campaigner for national 
health insurance, proposed changing Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton's health care plan (o broad- 
en individuals' choice of insurance and to 
lighten the burden on the smallest businesses. 

The Kennedy plan is instantly influential, 
not only because it got Mr. Clinton's back- 
ing, but also- because Mr. Kennedy heads the 
Senate Conuninee on Labor and H uman 

a year ago. re-emerged Tuesday as a possible 
nominee as President Bill Clinton neared a 
decision on a new justice. 

An administration official involved in the 
search said the finalists were Judge Breyer, 
Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt and three 
federal judges: Richard Arnold of Arkansas. 
Jose Cabranes of Connecticut and Amulya 
Kearse of New York. 

Consideration of Judge Breyer, a federal 
appeals court judge, was kept secret for 

Resources, the only congressional committee 
imetable for completing a health 

weeks by White fiouse officials fearing „ 
repeat or the spectacle surrounding Mr. Clin- 
ton's 1993 search. 

Judge Breyer, promoted as a front-runner 
that time, left his hospital bed for u White 
House interview with Mr. Clinton, only to 
watch the nomination go 10 Ruth Bader 
Ginsburg in June. 

The Boston jurist made a previously 
scheduled speech Tuesday in Washington, 
returning to Massachusetts almost immedi- 
ately. It was unknown whether he met with 
Mr. Clinton or While House officials while in 

Judge Breyer. 55. did not return telephone 
calls to his home and office, and the While 
House declined to comment. 

Judge Breyer’s chances were hurt last year 
by a last-minute revelation that he had failed 
to pay Social Security taxes for a household 
worker. The While House insisted at the lime 
that the lapse had nothing to do with Mr. 
Clinton's decision, and the "nanny" issue is 
not as politically charged as it was a year ago. 

Mr. Clinton met 'with his search team 
Tuesday to discuss his options. 

The nominee will replace the retiring Jus- 
tice Harry Blackmun. i.4Pj 

with a firm timela 1 b 

care bin by the recess at the end of the month. 

The Massachusetts Democrat worked out 
his proposal in consultation with the White 
House and with Senator George J. Mitchell 
of Maine, the leader of the Democratic raa- 


insurance choices federal workers have. 

Mr. Kennedy also proposed raising more 
money than Mr. Clinton would through 
higher taxes on tobacco and targe corpora- 
tions as well as higher out-of-pocket pay- 
ments by individuals. 

In his proposal Monday, Mr. Kennedy 
followed the baric outlines of the Clinton 
plan, but he added benefits for women and 
the elderly and disabled, who have been sup- 
portive but not ecstatic. He offered conces- 
sions to small businesses while seeking to 
enlist the support of the insurance industry' 
by requiring universal coverage but not com- 
pelling anyone to join an insurance-buying 
cooperative.. ' tSYTi 

nuncial support to pay the costs of her law- 
suit alleging ?exuj[ harassment by Mr. Clin- 
ton. describing the case as a "David and 
Goliath battle" in which he and his client are 
likely to be overwhelmed by the Iceul re- 
sources of the president. 

Gilbert K. Davis, a Fairfax. Virginia, law- 
yer who has been active in Republican Party 
politics, would no: discuss hi* fee arrange- 
ment with Mrs. Jones, but denied suggestions 
by White House aides and Clinton support- 
ers that he and his co-counsel in the case arc 
being paid by conservative croups. 

Mr. Davis said that he had been contacted 
by individuals — he declined to identify them 
— who have offered to help raise money for 
his client and that he was encouraging them 
to do so. 

"We're not guing to be refusing help be- 
cause it certainly will he required." Mr. Da- 
vis said. "There have been people who have 
been saying. We're going to try and do some- 

Mrs. Jones's cause has been championed 
by several conservative organizations. Last 
week, this prompted Mr. Clinton's chief law- 
yer. Robert S. Bennett, to charge that Mrs. 
Jones was being "used " by the president's 
enemies and that her lawsuit was a pan of a 
political plot to "rewrite" the results of the 
1992 election. , li'P/ 


Another Shot at the Court Pass the Hat for Paula Jones 

Following the House of Representatives 
vote last week to ban assault weapons, a 
measure thai needs to he made to conform 
with a Senate-passed bill. Mike Saporito. 
senior vice pro -idem at F.SR Wholesale Guns 
of Orlando. Florida, said: "Sales have gone 

WASHINGTON — Judge Stephen 

Breyer, bypassed for the U.S. Supreme Court 

WASHINGTON — The new lawyer for 
Paula Corbin Jones appealed for outside fi- 

warehousc after warehouse " 


John Gacy, Serial Killer, Is Executed in Illinois 

to have to kill us to bury themes- 

t . V _ — — aLJ.. 

sage, but I promise you lids: The 
message will not die. 

irwwtftg a will not are, never. ’ 

The ruling dearly scanned abor- 

By Edward Walsh 

WariibigHHi Poo Service 
CHICAGO — John Wayne 
Gacy, one of the most lurid soial 

Death Row. where he continued to 
maintain his innocence, painted 

tiom opponents. 

"Our breath has been taken 
away.” Mr. Benttam said. “Planned 
Parenthood was given a judgment 
forSl million because we preached 
the Gospel on a public sidewalk 
across the street from an abortion 

kfflexs in American history, wag pm 
by lethal injeo- 

But Mr. Mature said, "When you 
block doors, when yon Mode pa- 
tients from entering a Dnuaflg 
that’s not preaching and praying. 

to death Tuesday 

tion. . ' 

Gacy, 52, was convicted m 1980 
of tire murders of 33 boys, includ- 
ing 27 whose bodies were discov- 
ered in tire crawl space of his home 
m a modest ndghbotbood near 
O’Hare International Airport. 

There was evidence of sexual tor- 
ture in sane of the mnxders, which 
occurred between 1972 and 1978. 
For most of the last 14 years, 

Gacy had been a shadowy figure on 

canons callers. 

He outlived two of the jurors 
who convicted him. 

But with the approach of his 
scheduled execution by lethal injec- 
tion, Gacy re-emerged into the 
public spotlight, once again a sub- 
ject of fascination and revulsion. 

During the past week, the Chica- 
go media woe gripped by Gacy- 
manffl, reviving the sordid details 
of the old case and seeking out die 
major players in the drama — in- 

cluding jurors, the prosecutor and a 
relative of one of the victims, who 
demanded the right to watch Gacy 

Gacy had been interviewed by 
telephone and seen in old television 
interviews that have been rebroad- 
cast to refresh memories. 

cage. »vjs quotea as saying that 
“this is just the idnd of break we 
needed for our ratings" alrer his 
station won a media drawing to 
witness the execution. 

In one particularly breathless re- 
port, CBS-owned WBBM-TV took 
viewers along the route of Gacy’s 
final steps, ending in the execution 
room at the Siateville Correctional 
Center in Joliet, about 30 miles 
southwest of Chicago. 

Walter Jacobson, anchor for 
WFLD-TV. the Fox station in Chi- 

The Chicago Tribune largely 
confined itself to reports about the 
legal battle to save ihe condemned 
mar L-u: the Chicago Sun-Times 
provided readers with Gary's last- 
meal menu — fried chicken, french 
fries and a soft drink from an un- 
named fast food chain, plus fresh 
strawberries — and his final spiri- 
tual arrangements. 

He had asked to see a Roman 
Catholic chaplain Monday night. 

Vietnam Puts Matter Over Mind in U.S. Relations 

By Malcolm W. Browne 

MwTM.fhMAnto . 
HANOI —In Hants and Ho Cm 

Minh Oty. there 
.1 V. ilnorn nizza with Coke. 

Minh Oty. there are viemamwc 

who wash down poa 

nav for things with Amencaa dol- 

gS. , ^Sric»nlla S I«tch«m 

nose” foreigner they«*. 

But the country, still raises patn- 
^ Komiffl eloaiing over^ what the 

aid, tourist visits and many othk 
kinds of contact with the United 
States. . .. 

Hanoi is even crying to persuade 
thousands of overseas Vietnamese 
(known as Viet Kieu), including 
Vietnamese- American refugees; to 
return -to their native fond and hdp 
rebuild it- Many have come back 

, On the anniversary of Saigon’s 
surrender to the Communists, for 
example, this correspondent was- 
received at the home of General Vo 
Nguyen Giap for a brief chat The 
'83-year-old general, who com- 
manded the Vietnamese Commu- 
nist Races . against both the French 
and the Americans, has been rated 




San outwardly tag-* 

ward Americans, . ■ y ^ 

senunent is ofteii Americans 

arc rtje lacerations 

visiting Vietnam ci me 

Vietnamese leaders have come to believe 
that there is a pressing need for American 
investment, technical aid, tourist visits 
and many other kinds of contact Visiting 
Americans arc. treated with studied 
courtesy and conciliation. 

decades ago but rna 

vS£» *fS; 1975 vletory 
On one luuML ?* ‘ ww-cn- 

mem .and its is com- 


comparebte Wi^Jyprittowu. 
over the Brthw a ^ eaa ^ 

for tanpotaty viats, andsoiw. 
UhS? wSh Hfc m the United 
States, expect to remain- 
He government has been ede- 
ijrariuR'a double anniversary — the 
jo4of.thc fan of Saigon, renamed 
Ho CM Minh City after the war, rat 
^ril 30, 1975, and tto 40th <rfge- 

aar»st - 

rati of the Frwch bastion at Dien 
KniPhu on May 7, 1954. ■ . 

Anti-American sentiments, 
adorned some of the rrf-aad-gold 
edebrstmy banners flown over 
S£fo/the ocetwon, but as.a 

the times, r»Mgnwea^ 



, W AmpI cIB ,' — . U 

as one 

the greatest generals of the 20th 
century. Bnt “the victor of Dien 
Bin ran,” as he is of ten. called, 
does not iloaL 

One subject of the conversation 
was the fall of Saigon in 1975, 
which this correspondent covered 
for The New York Times. 

Imposing in his olivergraen um- 
fum ami general’s shoulder tabs, 
..General Giap was avuncular and 
canfial Speaking in French, he was 
ejeariy reluctant to say anything he 
thought an American ought find 

. At Ms comfortable villa a few 
himdredyard) front the Lenin-style 
mwidenm of Ho Chi Minh, Gen- 

ism has disappeared," he said, "and 
we shall probably noi need to con- 
front such threats again. We Viet- 
namese are optimists. 

“But even though we face no 
shooting war in Vietnam, the world 
is in a very uncertain state, and 
Vietnam must always be willing io 
sacrifice to protect its freedom." 

He praised the “fairness" cf 
American journalists, and said that 
after retiring from active command 
he had turned his attention increas- 
ingly to the war against pollution 
find the preservation of the envi- 
ronment, causes he knew io be pop- 
ular with the American press. 

General Chap’s masterly com- 
mand of logistics and maneuver, 
and his deployment of artillery at 
the isolated Dien Bien Phu fortress 
in 1954, caught the French defend- 
ers by surprise and stunned world 
leaders; a peasant army had 
brought a well-armed European 
force to its knees. 

General Giap’s 1962 book “Peo- 
ple’s War, People’s Army,” which 

outlines ihe mixture o/ political 

warfare and military strategy that 
was his hallmark, became a test- 
book for guerrilla insurgents in 
many parts of the world. 

Although General Giap spent 
much of the anniversary of the fall 
of Saigon receiving well-wishers, he 

look care in the interview to avoid 
any suggestion of belligerency 

But despite the diplomatic lan- 
guage Vietnamese leaders u>e with 
Americans, there remain many re- 
minders of the ihai mosL 
Americans would find galling. 

Hanoi is filled with disagreeable 
reminders of the -.tar. At the Array, 
Museum, on Dim Bicn Phu Street.’ 
newly refurbished for the anniver- 
sary of the fall of Saigon, j large- 
bin containing dozens of flight hel- 
mets taken from Amencan fliers 
shot down Over North ' ;cin.«m is 

The looming yellow walls and 
electrified wire Mirrouncing Hoa 
Lo Prison in Hanoi — known to 
Americans as the '‘Hanoi Hiiton" 
— remind visitors of a rime when 
many Amencan servicemen were 
imprisoned there, undergoing pri- 
vation and mistreatment. 

Vietnamese possovh' >eldom 
spare a glance for the wartime rel- 
ics. Many arc hurrying to attend 
evening English classes offiicd at a 
school facing the lake. uiiJ the feu | 
Americans who visit ihe lake are | 
usually hailed by children eager to 
practice their English. 

“We all must learn English if we 
hope U> become traders «:nd make 
money," ore muJ. 


nude recoffutf 00 
oovernw®?. 1 * these irritants. 
•But ■dySJL? S«ve eoB^JS 

SSs® 5 

|(W IIUB1 uw vw - 1 - .— tl®" II ■■ ~ -■ — 

..^Tviriting Asierloua — tow- era! Giap, the serene commander. 
Ktibutiness executives, iouroal- of Hanw s legions (ram 1952 until 
SS and offidal^^-tfie: U.S. " 

Action Mi«lon — are 

JuSed courtesy and qatefllatiMi 

1977, rnufied on the changing state 
of the world, 

“In tire traditional sense, tire 
threat. of colonialism and imperial- 

ma ask the butter.. 

_ .'-J/rwrlt 

Vt*n trrnri it tnjiimt t*t < 1 1 .- ft 

A Lending Hand From Japan 

Pentagon to Get Advanced Items for Weapons 

vill ma 



I makei 

that we 
>f rresiitt 

and lat? 


“What we’ve really agreed upon is a structure to,^^ u - 
discuss projects," he said. ■ a z gs ^ \c 

There is no accord yet on how the technology. 

By Andrew Pollack 

•Vf - York Times Sen ice __ , . , 

TOKYO - la a development tag sought by ihe There b ■» »reonl ,ei oo hw lie whnology , ofth ,a 

Penl^on, Japan’s goveramem has agreed 10 help ihe "‘’"M •* cam ? 1 001 P® tw0 < ^ a “f ^ o tedm? 1 

U.S. mUitarv acquire advanced Japanese commercial panmoits eaviaoa engaging in jianllMeareh piojecls. 

leehuology, ^eh as fa, -pane, disp^d compodre 10 ““ 

materials, for use in American weapon. 

Washington hopes the new defense-related technol- 
ogy exchange program will allow the United States to 
lower the cost and raise the sophistication of weapon- 
ry by drawing on Japan’s expertise in the low-cost 

manufacturing of advanced products. 

The Defense Department is also hoping to bring 
more balance to what it views as a one-way flow of 
technology. It says the United States has transferred 
know-how to Japan, often in the form of licenses 
allowing Japanese companies to build U.S.-designed 
airplanes and weapons, but has gotten little in return. 

The Defense Department “invests a lot of money in 
technology." a Clinton administration official said. 
“We transfer a lot of technology to Japan and one of 
the things we want is to get back some technology." 

Another reason for the new exchange, he said, is 
that Japan now leads the world in some technologies 
needed by the military. 

in the two countries. ^ *ic 

Each defense agency will now draw up a list of the' s suc “ ig 
technologies it is interested in from the other. The at 
United States has expressed interest in flat-panel dis-> have ste 
plays for use in cockpits, ceramics to make engines^ as m 
more efficient, and composite materials to make light- as far as 
weight airframes. nd by tie 

How successful the program will be remains open to'® Mfene 
question, given problems with such transfers in thexnild deg 

Japan agreed in ihe 1980s to allow the United States 'e 

to gain access to its mfliiary technology, making an >c 

exception to Japan's law that prohibits the transfer of I 
military technology to other countries. But the pro- 
gram resulted in the transfer of only a few) )i 
technologies. y\ 

The agreement on the FSX. an advanced fighter jet I 
being developed by Japan based on an American 

ia.iu|^ ubvai/pMi uy japou uiuwu u» ail nuibiivan 

The Defense Department has been trying to gain design, also calls for Japan to transfer some iechnol-|/iff J 
' ' for at least a ogy to the United States. But there have been disputes**-' - * n 

more access to Japanese technology 

decade, and the two countries already have a limited between the two coumnes over the terms of transfer. P 
military technical exchange agreement. and dissatisfaction among some members of the the PH* 

But Japanese companies nave been reluctant to Congress about the amount of lechnology iransferredniany otti 
work with the Pentagon, partly to protect theiT techno* With its budget shrinking after the end of the Cold 9 
logical innovations. The Defense Department recently War, the Pentagon has been seeking to trim costs of co " a P sc f v 
decided to spend hundreds of millions of dollars over weapons procurement, in part by using mass-pro^ n P a >d l 
the next five years to encourage die development of an duced commercial products and components instead^ ve left 5 
American industry to make advanced flat-panel com- of specialized military products that are made in 
puter screens, in part because it was having trouble smaller volumes and cost more. made of “ 

obtaining such screens from Japan. instead of supporting a specialized military con-tposs'W®*® 

The new accord is based on negotiations that began trading industry, the Pentagon is moving to support* Palestine 
about a year ago. A basic understanding, though not an American commercial industry that can also supply and Jerk" 



yet a formal agreement, was reached last month, the military. That is the rationale behind the recently now. 
officials said. annoum 

“There is a consensus between the United States 
and Japan to expand the technology exchange." said 
Shigeru Hatakeyama, administrative deputy minister 
of the Japan Defense Agency. 

panel program was still needed, even though the. venting * 

the Japan defense Agency. rentagon mignt now nave a Detier c nance ot omammj \ 

The Clinton administration official said that what Japanese screens or screen technology. The technol* for 20 or 
had been agreed to was a framework for future, more ogy exchange program is no guarantee that the Pentaouti stunn 1 
concrete discussions on particular technical develop- gon will be able to get all the flat-panel technology i£t 6° awal 
ment efforts or exchanges. wants, he said. i Mr- Aral 

da’s maui* 

; aides. Me* 

anted exe 

Christopher Urges Mexico to Abandon^;: 

X ° lOudAbfc 

e Commit 
ig the pea 

Fraudulent Practices for August Vote 

By Tim Golden 

Nr* York Times Serrice 

MEXICO CITY — In a sign of 
growing American concern that po- 
litical strife could arise from Mexi- 
co's coming presidential election, 
Secretary of State Warren M. 
Christopher urged the Mexican 
government to take further steps to 
assure a credible outcome, accord- 
ing to officials of the two countries. 

Publicly. Mr. Christopher took 
the opportunity of a twice-yearly 
meeting of senior U.S. and Mexi- 
can officials to praise the economic 
and political changes undertaken 
by President Carlos Salinas de 
Goriari and voice confidence that 
the Aug. 2 1 vote would be free and 

the Mexicans to approve and fully 
implement democratic reforms that 
the government and its Institution- 
al Revolutionary Party had prom- 
ised to adopt. Those indude audit- 
ing the voter rolls, prohibiting the 
political use of government funds, 
new limits on campaign spending 
and more equal access to the news 
media for opposition parties. 

Yet, the officials said their warn- 
ings also reflected a sense that some 
officials in the Mexican cabinet are 
resisting the proposed changes and 
that despite the passage of other 
measures their success will still de- 
pend on how they are put into ef- 

In particular, the officials said 


Mr. Christopher pressed Foreigr was , t 
Minister Manuel Tdlo Macias tt al refused 
support the invitation of forrigiPhfasuig^ 
election observers as a way of in^ around 
creasing the legitimacy of the rri? muster 
suit. Two officials said Presiden^ 1 ^ 

Bill Gin ion also raised the issue uforenand, 
a conversation with the M extern 10 a EJk A 
ambassador to Washington, Jorgi w 1 0 . rc 1031 * 
Montano, earlier this month. ^ wa ?- 
The stance taken by Mr. Christo 

pber and other U.S. officials repre 

sen is a shift in policy toward Mexi. • rn 
co after the peasant rebellion ihaV^* 
began Jan. 1 in the southern stat> 

of Chiapas, and the assassinauoi^^g^ 

on March 23 of the governing . 
f s presidential candidate. Lui 
Ido Cdosio. 

In private, however, U.S. offi- 
cials said Mr. Christopher departed 
from the agenda of the so-called 
Binational Commission to convey 
the Clinton administration’s belief 
that Mexico must leave behind the 
fraudulent practices and contested 
results of its electoral past if ties 
between the two countries are to be 

“Any kind of challenge to the 
legitimacy of the election will be a 
tremendous problem for our rela- 
tionship." said one of several U.S. 
officials who discussed the Ameri- 
can position. 

“There is & feeling that the gener- 
al lines of the electoral reforms they 
have laid out are in the right direc- 
tion," the official added, referring 
to election-law changes that the 
Mexican Congress has approved in 
recent months or is now consider- 
ing. “There's less confidence that 
these things are working out in the 
way they should." 

For the most pan, U.S. officials 
said that they had merely pushed 

Away From Politics 

a Page 1 

ical in Nc 
Wear. Comt 

hi an. VIrgL 

C mft.wa gpr 

■ping and h 

• Three American cumbers have readied the summit of Mount lures of My 

Everest, the world's highest mountain, the Nepalese Tourism Minis- na, has a b 
try said in Katmandu. The Americans, all professional mountain eral law fu 

guides, are Scott Fisher, 39. and Brem Bishop. 28. both of Seattle. 

ting. Everest is 8,848 meters 

and Ralph Hess, 34, of Lander, Wyoming. 

(29,028 feet) high. 

• The Marshall Islands wants S40 million from the United States for 
a resettlement fund. The fund will be used to clean up fallout on an 
atoll from U.S. nuclear tests in the 195%. 

rices for cri 
nc says, “E 

Iways inert 
son, the pn 
tidi reprcse 

• Cardinal John Kroi, 83, has been hospitalized in Philadelphia after ;r magazine 
complaining of shortness of breath. Doctors said the former bead of *ka t 100.1 

the Archdiocese of Philadelphia was suffering from congestive heart ® l , l £ sue w 


• Two children pulled a pm oo a high school teacher in Memphis, 
Tennessee, in her classroom and stole nearly $4,000 that had been 
collected for a dass picnic. A 12-year-old who allegedly fired at a 
pursuer after the robbery was caught. A second child got away with 
most of the cash. 

i, with an ad 
xi ted to ne 
and areas n 

X made its v 
ing budgets 

. „ lies. The dos 

• Jod Rifkin was found to be legally sane by a jury in Mineola, New ie arc adverb 
York, that took only two hours to convict him of murder. Rifkin, by theindus 
who led a secret life of lolling prostitutes and keeping their corpses inch Nails, a 
for days, bad admitted killing 1 7 women, so the facts of the case were ties, a prod 
never at issue in the two- week trial MCC0 Co. 

AFP, AP NYT rth, Mr. Str 
— ,M, “ ins, which c 

-and they co 



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Page 4 


Russia’s New Troika: Govemmetit, Business and Crime 

By AJessandra Stanley 

New York Times Service 
MOSCOW — In the early morning, on a 
not quite empty city street recently, two 
men fired at each other with Kalashnikov 
semiautomatic assault rifles in a shoot-out 
that left one of the gunmen, a reputed 
member of organized crime, dead. 

As slayings go. it was not an unusual 
confrontation in the new. crime-ridden 
Russia — except that the one who walked 
away was a young, reform-minded member 
of Parliament. 

The shooting, which the legislator said 
was in self-defense, was one of the more 
graphic demonstrations or how violence 
and organized crime have infected every 
level of Russian life, but it was not even the 

first or its kind. Four days earlier, a mem- 
ber of Parliament was gunned down out- 
side his Moscow apartment. 

The combination of guns and govern- 
ment is not novel in the new Russia. But 
the latest incident, along with the recent 
arrests of high-level officials. lifted for a 
moment the thin veil behind which govern- 
ment. business and organized crime col- 

On Friday, Izvestla reported that a 
group of senior officials in the Interior 
Ministry had been charged with operating 
a protection ring for well-connected gang- 
sters, which included using their influence 
in high places to help killers, kidnappers, 
and thieves stay out of jail. 

“It is not just the ties between business 

and organized crime that worry me.’ said 
Konstantin Borovoi, a Russian multimil- 
lionaire and politician who has narrowly 
escaped assassination twice in the last year. 
“I am far more worried about the links 
between the government and organized 

Many officials are corrupt, and entrepre- 
neurs complain that they are squeezed for 
money and favors by government authori- 
ties as well as the racketeers loosely known 
as the mafia. 

But good guys and bad guys are not so 
easily divided. Sometimes Russian busi- 
nessmen are victims of criminal groups; 
sometimes they are their leaders. Few suc- 
cessful entrepreneurs are neither, and 
many, it seems, end up being both victims 
and perpetrators. 

Andrei Aizderdzis. 35. the legislator who 
was fatally shot outside his apartment, was 
a businessman, a would-be leader of the 
new entrepreneurial Russia in the lower 
house of Parliament. So is Sergei Skoroch- 
kin. 33, the legislator who says he shot a 
Georgian gangster in self-defense recently 
in his hometown. Zaraisk. about 160 kilo- 
meters (100 miles) southeast of Moscow. 

“One deputy has already been killed and 
buried.” Mr. Skorochkin said in an inter- 
view, “and if I hadn't killed the guy. people 
would be going to my funeral.’ 

The circumstances surrounding the gun 
battle are murky. 

Mr. Skorochkin's company. Raduga 
LuL operates food stores and an alcohol 
factory. He handed over the business to his 
sister after being elected to Parliament as a 

member of the Union of December 12. a 
pro-business, reform-oriented party. He 
said he was yet another example of how 
honest businessmen-poliiicians were 
hounded by racketeers and corrupt prose- 
cutors and policemen. 

But at least one law enforcement official 
in Moscow said he suspected that Mr. 
Skorochkin might have a more complex 
relationship with his attackers. 

The shooting follows the deaths of scores 
of businessmen, bankers, and gangsters. 

and largely »n reported cases of kidnap- 
pings, death threats, and extortions. But it 
was only the third lime a member of Parlia- 
ment has been directly involved. A month 
ago, criminals threw a gasoline bomb into 
the apartment of a legislator who is also a 
director of a construction company. 

The Associated Press 

MOSCOW The Supreme Coun on Tuesday reopened and 

imSidy closed the trial of the alleged leaders of the .1991 Tailed 

Soviet coup, an official said. r,,, .- , 

The move absolves a dozen of the most pow^ii men .m; Uw 
former Soviet Union of charges rdatmgto their role m staging a 
coup against Mikhail S. Gorbachev m ,1991. - 

The trial which started in April 1993, was first stoppedm March 
of this year after an amnesty was granted by Parliament toibe 
defendants along with the leaders of a hard-liners’- revolt against 
President Boris N. Yeltsin last fall. 

Deputy Prosecutor Eduard Denisov appealed that deoaon, say- 
ing an unfinished trial cannot be stopped under Russian law. The 
case then went before Judge Viktor Yasbn, who opened a new trial 
and closed it immediately under the Parliament-granted amnesty. 

— — -W; * 



that the International 
Heral d Tribune format be 

held responsible for laes or 

dam ag e* inc urr ed a* an- 
suit of transactions stem- 
ming from advertisements 
whbh<qrpear in am paper. 
ft if therefore iwmiutend- 
ad that renders make ap- 
propriate inquiries before 
sending rmy money or en- 
tering into any bln d big 

The Universal Postal Union 
International Bureau 

a specialised agency el the United nations 
with 185 co nn t iy members worldwide, 
invites pro posa ls for the supply of 
products as described below. 

The Request for Proposal (RFP) covers UPU 
requirements for the provision of PERSONAL 
LABEL PRINTERS) to interested postal 
administrations on a worldwide basis. 

Proposals from potential suppliers must reach the 
UPU* International Bureau on or before 30 May 

To obtain a copy of the full RFP, potential suppliers 
are requested to contact the UPU's International 
Bureau by telefax at the following address, staling 
the company name, full address and area of 

EDI Development Unit 
Mr. James Gunderson 

International Bureau of the Universal Postal Union 
Case Postale 3000 Berne 75, 


Telefax: -f-41-31-352 43 23 





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far Right In New South Africa, Some White Farmers Pay Rent to Blacks 

^-^0"fc§ By Lynne Duke Bui die “national interest" has shifted, and what mg claims from the 90 communities, representing 

- Washington Past Service Mr. van Schoor thought was his has been returned 650,000 black people, where forced removals were 

■ a 1 T* CLARKSON MISSION, South Africa — to its rightful owner. In a private settlement that documented and where pre-apanheid property 

■ Ifl |\T KAcfo Whites now Pay rent to blacks, and for Miniam took three years to formulate and is the first, of its rights appear to have bam violated, said Eric 

J A lo Gamede it is a good feeling indeed. It is not about kind in South Africa, the government this year Buiten, director of land reform for the Depart- 

* race, nor is it revenge. For Gamede. it is justice: a bought the land back from the white farmers and ment of Regional and Land Affairs. 

Heirs to Mussolini the fertile farmland in '^AS'd May IL/'llwyarc renting from us." said own^bf w^efuid 1 rSmrionTmSd 

r ♦ TIT the coastal region of the Tsitsikama forest near Mrs. Gamede, 64, adding: “We are the owners. J™!* whiles, ^d restitunon ts mandated 

Jom New Cabinet EL* whaI shou,d have happened “ * fiirst 

By Lynne Duke 

Washington Post Service 

Whites now pay rent to blacks, and for Miniam 
Gamede it is a good feding indeed. It is not about 
race, nor is it revenge. For Gamede. it is justice: a 

But the “national interest** has shifted, and what 
Mr. van Schoor thought was his has been returned 
to its rightful owner. In a private settlement that 
took three years to formulate and is the first of its 
kind in Smith Africa, the government this year 
bought the land back from the white farmers 'and 
returned it to the Mfengu. 

As of May I, "they arc renting from us," said 
Mrs. Gamede. 64. adding: “We are the owners. 

mg cla ims from ibe 90 communities, representing 
650,000 black people, where forced removals were 
documented and where pre-apartheid property 
rights appear to have been violated, said Eric 
Buiten, director of land reform for the Depart- 
ment of Regional and Land Affairs. 

Most of the disputed land is now privately- 
owned by whites. Land restitution is mandated 
under die constitution that took effect here last 

ruw^j tT" ^ v '° Berlasco 

toWtsmce World Wi- I] 

Benito m!** P 0 *^ 631 heirs of 

B®toto Mussolini a slice of power. 

P Mfcnsu land conflict , s the ft. of an * #**¥- "' Notion* A^Myto ere, c 
dead —until 17 years ago, when soldiers descend- avalanche that will face the new government of i*? 1 

ed and forced the Mfengu out at gunpoint Carry- President-elect Nelson Mandela and the African settle land disputes. The 

St L 0 "' “ « ° r Mamen.t. thtS, haded National Congress es they pled* broad redo* to ?L d S'l 

Mrs. Gamede, her husband, her seven children 
and 500 other Mfengu families onto buses and 
trucks and dumped them 450 kilometers away. 

Six years later, the government sold the Mfengu 
land to ! 9 white farmers. With substantial eovem- 

National Congress aaLhcypledge broad redrassto the tougha. oas, to a 

the majority of South Africans who were disen- !j“ J write final arbiter, could 

franchised under the old system of apartheid, or reium of land 0r dctermme other corn ‘ 

racial separation. 

Under the laws that were the pillars of apanheid The Mfengu settlement — reached under the 

S U 5 in compensation for the loss of their homes, constraints facing the new government frill ma 
but nothing for their land. They say they still have generous settlements the exception, specially 
not been compensated enough. said. wv* 

“To the comimuuiy. it’s clear that if they com- While apartheid also affected the racial makei 
pensate for suffering and what we would have of urban townships, rural communities that w< 
done bv now if we were not removed, it would forcibly removed are in greatest need of restif ne w 
mean that everyone in South Africa would have to tion. Mr. Buiten said. ““vi 

be compensated." said Thobile Makamba. chair- The degree of disadvantage is “by and larj*_ . 
man of an association that represents the Mfengu. worse’* for rural people, he said. "Very often," “r“L 
“We tried our best, but when we saw it was like said, "they were moved over long distances. tr*V^ 
getting blood out of a stone we had to concede.” rooted entirely, to very inadequate facilities.” 'vr* 
The white farmers agreed to sell only at full ln addition to snipping black fanners of th- j 
market value and only if their 19 farms were •“‘L apartheid restricted their access to tecW^ 

bought together. The state, which sold them the Ogy. credit and markets. 

land ID years ago for about $34 an acre, this year The Mfengu, who traditionally were subsiste!^ c j 

bought it back for about $850 an acre. The farm- farmers, will need extensive training if they £, e p rci 

era, who own about 630 acres each, said the deal 
was fair, considering the work they pui into their 
farms. They said they should not be penalized for 

« announcement at the Ouir- land 10 19 white farmers. With substantial govern- from the 1950s through the early 1990s. nearly 4 old National Party government, which resisied farms. They Mid they should not be penalized for 

presidential palace represent- m ® Bl incentives, they developed highly productive million people, most of them blacks, were forcibly restitution claims against privately owned land — , " hal ^ev s^was a government mistake in selling 

moment in Mr. Ber- ^ arms - Bean Van Schoor. one ofthe farmers, removed from land that the white minority gov- points up the potential limits of land reform. The “’em somebody else s land, 

lusconi s bghtning -ise to power In when he bought the land that it had been eminent chose for other uses. Mfengu got back only 12,000 of their 16,000 acres. “We had to develop these farms from nothing.'’ 

January he was en indebted mil. " ‘ 

Jarm^ s bghtning rise to power: In when he bought the land that it had been eminent chose for other uses. Mfengu got back only 12,000 of their 16,000 acres. 

V~1 U - he was 2n indebted rail- la ^ en from blades. But it was in the “national Accommodating their demands for land rest! tu- plus about $580,000 m a crust for Mfeogu nedevd- 

nuhrv ninning a broadcasting interest," be said. So he worked the land, loved the lion will be among the toughest battles facing the op men L At the time of their removal the govem- 

puoushmg, insurance and sportine !and and believed it was his. new government. Land reform officials are expect- ment gave each of the 500 Mfengu families about 

eventually to operate commercial farms such ,g s iy 
those now on their land. inset v 

“I would like the young children who have ste furt 
got thdr strength to work the land just as ijening 
whites do it,” Mrs. Gamede said. “For as far as the : 
can see, the Mfengu were never assisted by tie up t 

said Mr. van Schoor. who owns 200 cows. “So we government," she said, adding, “If the Mfene bret 

uiauuuire ana sportine 

^ Tuesday night heSl 

ine rirst prime minister of what 

Ig” - th0r Second RepubUc, 
fh. “.^PPOsed to denote 

,M r - BCTlus»ni said the main pri- 
Snty of his government would be 

inK*^Si^ Unei ? pI P yn,enl ' create 
jobs and relaunch the economy " 

The new government line-up 
tooigh, sremed certain to raise 
doebts among Italy’s European ai- 
lie, and among Italians them- 
seVw, about the precise nature of a 
tneeyzny coalition made up of 
Mr. Balusconi’s own free-markei 
/orza Italia party, the neofasdst 
Nauonal Alliance of Gianfranco 
Fini and the separatist-minded 
Northern. League, led by Umberto 

The new administration is to be 
sworn in Wednesday and must se- 
cure a confidence vote in Parlia- 
ment, where the ruling alliance 
controls the lower house but not 
the Senate, before taking office. 

Of 25 government portfolios an- 
nounced Tuesday night five went 
to the neofasdsts — agriculture, 
transport, posts, the environment 
and cultural affairs. Additionally, 
the new neofasdst posts minister, 
Giuseppe Tatarella, look over one 
of the two deputy premiers hips 
along with the Northern League's 
Roberto Maroni, who was also 
named interior minister. 

The line-up means ihar Europe- 
an Union ministerial committees 
will cow include representatives* 
from the Italian neofasdsts in such 
contentious areas as agriculture 
and the environment 
However, Mr. Berlusconi seems 
to have been at pains to ensure that 
none erf the neofasdst ministers 
were people known to have bad 
direct links with Fascism in the 
Mussolini era. - 
The powerful Interim- Ministry 
had been at the core of a rancorous 
dispute between Mr. Berlusconi 
and Mr. Bossi. 

Both Mr. Berlusconi and Prea- 
denl Os^Lu^i^calfaro^ad re- . 
sisted Mr. Bosses demand far the 
portfolio, winch controls the police ~ j 
and some intelligence services, be- : 

cause of its wide powers. 

The Northern League, by con- 
trast, had demanded the portfolio 
as a counterweight to Mr. Berlus- 
coni’s power. “This should be 
something for aB to rqoice about," 
said Mi. Maroni, the new interior 
minister . 

Such was the concern about the 
new government’s composition 
that President Scalfaro took the un- 
usual step on Tuesday of releasing 
an exchange of letters between him 
and Mr. Berlusconi, in which he 
demanded that aD ministers in the 
new government support the con- 
stitutional principle of a “one and 
indivisible” nation. 


ment gave each of (he 500 Mfengu families about 

got a reasonable price for the ground, if you 
consider the sword hanging over it.” But financial 

were assisted by the government, they could dog the 

Prisident Fidel Castro of (Ste admiring the photographer’s art from up dose 00 Tuesdav prior to the inwrauratiooof Ndson 
Mandela. Among the invited dignitaries at the ceremony and the luncheon that followed, Mr. Castro was the center of attention. 

At Inauguration, the Guest Who Stole the Show 

By Paul Taylor 

Washington Pass Sem« 

PRETORIA — Such a gathering of kings 
and queens, princes and potentates, presi- 
dents and prime ministers, they say the world 
hasn’t seen since the funeral of John F. Ken- 

- They came from 150 countries, and there 
nibbing elbows at the gala A-list posi- 
inaugoral luncheon were Prmces Pbifip (Brit- 
ain), Fdipe (Spain), WiUem (Netherlands) 
and Henri (Luxembourg). 

From other royal houses came Prince 
Ra’ad Bin Zrid of Jordan, King Letsie HI of 
Lesotho, King Mswati III of Swaziland. 

From Asia came Pakistan’s Benazir 
Bhutto, and from the United States, a table 
with AJ and Tipper Gore, Hillary Rodham 
Clinton, Jesse L Jackson, Ronald H. Brown 
and Mike Espy drew its share of gawkers. 

But no viaring dignitary came remotely 
dose to setting off the buzz that buzzed all 
day Tuesday around a tired-looting military 
ruler of a small island nation in dire economic 

- Fidel Castro had a very good day. 

When he took Iris seat at the inaugural 

ceremony at the Union Buildings, decked out 
m his familiar wiry while beard and plain 

brown uniform, the multitude spontaneously 
started to chant his name. 

When he arrived at the luncheon here at 
the Presidency (Mandela’s new official resi- 
dence). the autograph and photograph seek- 
ers among the other 1.200 invited guests kept 
him so busy that for two and a half hours he 
never had a chance to touch his food. 

His secret? Perhaps its the romance of 
faded revolution. 

“He has been so uncompromising, so unre- 
lenting. so pure," marveled Mac Maharaj, a 
former Communist who will serve as the 
minister of transportation in President Nd- 
son Mandela's new cabinet. 

Perhaps its that activists here still remem- 
ber how Mr. Castro's Cuba sent 50.000 sol- 
diers to help the Angolan government repd a 
South African and UJS.-backed anti-com- 
munist revolution in the 1980s. 

“He was an incredibly loyal friend when 
the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa 
needed his help in Angola.” said the Allan 
Boesak, a veteran human -rights leader. “And 
now that things haven’t worked out so well in 
Iris country, I think there is a kind of reaching 

Mr. Castro, though, bad a different expla- 

nation. Asked why he kept getting mobbed 
while the heads of bigger, stronger and more 
prosperous countries were eating their roast 
beef in relative obscurity, he said, with a 
twinkle: “I owe it all to the Americans. With- 
out them, I*d have none of this.*' 

Among his well-wishers was Mr. Mandela. 
South Africa’s new president gave Mr. Castro 
a big two-cbeek embrace, then introduced 
him to South Africa's new second deputy 
president. Frederik W. de Klerk. Those two 
shook hands warmly, then Mr. de Klerk 
banded Mr. Castro over to the head of South 
Africa Defense Forces. Georg Meiring. As 
the two men Ln uniform clasped hands, Mr. 
Castro complimented Mr. Meiring’s air force 
on a well-executed flyover at the end of Mr. 
Mandela's swearing-in ceremony. 

One member of the U.S. delegation — he 
shall remain nameless — had a chance en- 
counter with Mr. Castro as foreign dignitaries 
milled about at the Presidency during a pre- 
inaugural break/asL 

The two shook hands. “I have been watch- 
ing you on CNN, and I think you are a brave 
man,” Mr. Castro told his new acquaintance. 

“Why?" the official replied. 

“Because you just shook hands with me.” 

ITALY: Will Berlusconi’s Rule Really Start a New Era 2 Italians Wonder 

Continued from Page 1 

the fire sale and is closely involved m helping 
Berlusconi’s holding companyJ Rm. 
extricate itself from debts of about $2- billion. 

qu«don of oonffia of g^j.e.1 

s£l Eugenio Scalfari, editor in cluel of La 
^oJSca, an anti-Berlusconi newspaper 
Ctathe political side. Mr. Brfuwjm 

friendship with Betuno Cra 

. UnfitiratHt in the 

the European allies that he is more than “a 
b usinessman who has transformed his private 
company into a political party," one who has 
won office with the expedient help of “the 
political force that no one in Europe has dared 
to enlist since World War II — the neofasdsts.” 

Throughout Italy, a land where people often 
say everything must change so that nothing will 
rhangj e, the new leadership draws a degree of 

Moreover, five weeks after the March 27-28 
election, the coalition presents much the same 
snectadeas the 52 that preceded it since World 

■ ho jc deeply implicated in the spectacle as the 52 that preceded it Since World 

aaU ^» nmmoted many Italians to pan- War II as the victors squabble over portfolios 
scandals, nas a relationship that and influence. 

SiaaSBrS3*»P0- 5 ®Mr. 

flourished as wir. ^ c exactly as before, with the same fragmentation money players in Milan, particularly the 

Beriusconi ^ Berlasooni’s and the same sharing out of power," said Mr. shadowy Mediobanca. 

And the voy Gianfranco D’Alema, the former Communist, whose party In late April, Romano Prodi, head of the 

alliance wito me League’s federalist- now faces the challenge of shedding a sense of Istitulo per la Ricos inraone Industriale. Lhe 

Fini, and J/rl^^boiVimder investiga- ’ impotence against Mr. Berfusconi’s advance. huge state holding company, complained pub- 
minded Umberto cos*. ^ mn aign funds, has Mr. Berlusconi's administration is also fating lidy that the privatization of two banks, Banca 

lion for acc ®£ u ?* opposition from those who doubt that he can Commerriale Italians and Credit© I tali an 0. had 

onlv deepen ed the ot *® 3 said finally deal with the vast network of corruption been manipulated by Mediobanca to gain con- 

“'Today. the Prmm’s _ a y ori a member of charges and countercharges- ... trd without paying the full price. 

Francesco *toteiiL*w““- ^ head of a “If doubt is cast on our ability to count on Hie next big projects for privatization are 

the Green Party rwjjtical challenge is the support of those who collaborate with jus- STE l 1 , the telephone and communications gi- 
leftist alliance. 1 create unity or no tice, do you think it will be possible to continue ant, and INA, the state insurance company: 

whether these three soms the fight against the MafiaT Francesco Saveno both are companies in which Mediobanca and 

mote than a marriage “ w** ^ presence of Borrelfi. the chief hfilaa magistrate, asked in a Fininvest could have an interest 
Within the national _auw^ ^ Berius- recently published interview. “How will the prime minister, under Lhe 

neofascists raised sp«aai«nj** ^ no [hroW _ prosecutor also evoked fears that the protection of Mediobanca, make credible rules 

^n; ^ insisted that toj' ^ msist new government would order a general .amnesty gpveraing the behavior of Mediobanca and its 
wks to Benito ™°^ oU Tni h* no tolerance of for all those poiititians and executives who all ies and on the procedures for the acquisition 
Jf, as one put it, ^5*^- at ;on.'iadsm. or argue that a pardon is the only way to give the of STET and other public utilities?" Mr. Seal- 
ducnmration. rausm, ^ oyaoe J" sua fan asked ia U Rtpubblio. 

“■;= cefflitism." Bernardo Valli, At the core of the debate over Mr. Berius- The questions seem much easier than the 

StiTsaid on c ^nvindng ccoi’s future is tris business empire, particularly answers. 

^ r , Beriu 50001 will F ■ ■ 

-j j Tpg, £U links Presence in Bosnia to an Imposed Peace Settlement 

A a n ow yjq planes to land there. Last month, against UN forces by Bosnian Serbs. The U S. 

_ fmm Pag® J vtatti *„«£> thrwfliftnfld air strikes unless Bos- stance, in turn, has stirred more resentment 

his control of television stations that account 
for 45 percent of the Italian viewers hip and that 
could now be strengthened by his influence 
over the three big state-run channels. 

Mr. Berlusconi has resigned his executive 
positions at Fininvest and has said he will 
appoint three eminent judges to tighten anti- 
trust and news media laws. But he has made 
clear that he does not wish to relinquish owner- 
strip. appealing to Italians to accept his integri- 
ty as the best guarantee, a suggestion that does 
not satisfy everybody. 

Worries are begriming to surface, too. that 
the ambitious program to sell off state indus- 
tries to private buyers has gone awry, succeed- 
ing only in strengthening the traditional big- 
money players in Milan, particularly the 
shadowy Mediobanca. 

In late April, Romano Prodi, head of the 
Istitulo per la Ricos iruzioae Industriale. Lhe 
huge state holdmg company, complained pub- 
licly that the privatization of two banks, Banca 
Commerriale Italians and Credito I tali an 0. had 
been manipulated by Mediobanca to gain con- 
trol without paying the full price. 

The next big projects for privatization are 
STET, the telephone and communications gi- 
ant, and INA. the state insurance company: 
both are companies in which Mediobanca and 
Fininvest cottid have an interest. 

“How wfl] the prime minister, under the 
protection of Mediobanca, make credible rules 
gpveming the behavior of Mediobanca and its 

The questions seem much easier than the 

NATO threatened air strikes unless Bos- 

„ # -k» i IN eround forces njan Serb forces pulled back 20 kilometers (12 am un wno m mt wr 

*vhi^inT«Kbf miks) from the btsk^d Muslim enclave of S£f Sfe* 1 “ L,* 6 ^ 04 l u C U " 

Yugoslavia, has ^ ^ Qas2lds ^ m UN troops andhu- States has the luxury of talking tough, 

in the to ...ggts. They w®* “JL a the North manitarian aid. But heavy weapons and Serbian “France shares the American view that 

in the United N« ‘Jr whether w soldiers have been seat withm the zone, and sword must not be made of wood, that we n 

fiicl brt” Trc3 iy Orgam^nr-an c^b forces UN convoys are still blocked. follow upon our threats if our demands are 

Atlanta “ To the fury of the CEnton administration, obeyed,” Mr. Juppe said, “But our people 

carry o** 1 Jj-ntedK fitted which saw NATO and U.S, credibility beiM the ground are doing all they can to avoid ui 

[hat l» ve rep ^ j—s demanded mocked, the United Nations’ poli ucalandmib- force. He reason is they don’t have adeqi 

mins- . P , fte < NATO lead^s - nmresemalives on the ground refused to means io protect themselves. If air strikes 

pour Tuzla airp 011 ^ or refuse to pennit air strikes because of me risk of reprisals launched, they wlU be completely trapped. - 

iMOPrtr Bo*" 8 ' 5 Sote » au 

^5 dclivenes, 

stance, in turn, has stirred more resentment 
among European allies who fed that with no 
troops endangered on the ground, the United 
States has the luxury of talking tough. 

“France shares the American view that our 
sword must not be made of wood, that we must 
follow up on our threats if our demands arc not 
okyed,” Mr. Juppe said, “But our people on 
the ground are doing all they can to avoid using 
force. Tie reason is they don’t have adequate 

Snafus at Top Ensnare PLO 

Arafat’s Style of Management Under Attack 

By Youssef M. Ibrahim 

New York Tima Seme e 

PARIS — A distress cable from a senior Palestinian difficulties. 

In addition to the severe lack of funds in Lhe PJtfts to . 
treasury, the organization is dogged by many ortl rend _ 

gpe. A. 

official, Nabii Shaath, landed on the desk of the 
Palestine Liberation Organization’s chairman sum- 
ming up the degree of trouble faced by the PLO as it 
attempts to implement its first peace agreement with 

“I have just sent $60,000, all secured through per- 
sonal guarantees and loans, to finance the entry of 
some of our troops into Gaza." said the cable, sent to 
Yasser Arafat on Sunday night. “1 cannot do more. 
Please send money, othnwise the situation will be- 
come very difficult.” 

“I cannot perform miracles,” Mr. Shaath went on to 
tell the PLO chairman, detailing the many other diffi- 
culties facing the application erf Palestinian self-rule in 
areas occupied by Israel since 1967. 

“1 cannot be responsible for any further delays if the 
money does not arrive. May God be my witness, for I 
have delivered the message ” 

About 9.000 Palestinian policemen are supposed to 
take over from the Israeli Army in Gaza and Jericho. 

Outside of the 150 or so policemen who entered 
Gaza on Tuesday, the balance of these forces are still 
stranded by lack of transportation, training, aims and 
other means of logistical and material support. 

Nearly 7.000 of these policemen have been recruited 

Among these is the serious, continuing collapse we sp 
the PLO’s administrative structure. Unpaid L , 
months, many in the PLO’s rank and file have left B e °* 1 r 
organization to make a tiring elsewhere. " wom - 

Furthermore, political discord at the pinnacle of K T P 01 \ 
PLO co mman d structure has made it impossible. 6 r . 
far, for Mr. Arafat to name the 24-member Pales tin 0 0111 1 
Authority that is supposed to rule Gaza and Jerir 3 ^ 11 ” - 
until elections are held four months From now. n 6 ? 1 

“What is left at the Tunis headquarters now jtder t j 
group of people inhabiting a complex of offices v^c Be . 
report to no one and have no idea what’s to becomt ie ' ineI t 
them,” said a middle-level PLO executive, venting entim ^ 
anger of many other PLO bureaucrats. ie, a st 3 

“People who have worked for the PLO for 20 or 1 6 toa - 
years,’’ he continued, “are just milling about. siunn^ e ^ - 
The message is that Arafat wants us to just go awa^g w & s 
In interviews Tuesday, it appeared that Mr. Aral n ^ 1 t 
who is in South Africa for Nelson Mandela’s inauj* 3 ™ % 
ration, hasyetto discuss the issue with his aides. Mr 1 y® 8 " 
are insisting they will not serve unless granted ex© e 
live power, instead of just being Mr. Arafat's paw6“"* * 

For example, senior PLO officials, speaking L 

condition of anonymity, said Mahmoud Abt e 
known as Abu Mazin, the PLO Executive Commit 

from the remnants of the Palestine Liberation Array, member most responsible for fashioning the pea 

the guerrilla formation of the PLO. a force that once 
numbered some 20.000 guerrillas based in Lebanon. 
The army was largely disbanded after the Israeli 
invasion of 1982 and scattered about the Arab world. 

A payment of $5 million from the United States and 
other donor countries to kick the process into motion 
has yet to reach the PLO. Mr. Shaath noted in his 
cable to Mr. Arafat that the U.S. contributions “may 
be delayed by American bureaucracy." and he urged 
the PLO chairman not to count on it and send funds 

had refused to serve on the ruling board. 

According to one official Mr. Abbas was “mo 
fied” on May 4 in Cairo when Mr. Arafat refused 
sign the peace accord until last-minute phrasing v 
added in the midst of a ceremony watched around 
world in the presence of scores of foreign minister 

Mr. Abbas had negotiated the last details of 
accord and shown Lbem to Mr. Arafat beforehand, 
PLO official said. “When he refused to sign, A 
Mazen was livid,” the official said. “He swore that \ 
the last time Arafat embarrasses him in ihis way.” 

SECRETS: An Unlikely Spy 

Continued from Page 1 
were inclined to slip them to the 

“We can’t figure it out our- 
selves." said Peter Sperling, spokes- 
man for the Nuclear Research Cen- 
ter. a government-funded 

ihely Spy PRISONS: 

eminent, nor be visited by U.S. CttptlVe AudlOlC 
officials.” U.S. officials have sem A 
him a letter offering to provide as- Continued from Page 1 

**“ ST 12 * he buildup. Prism Optical in No 

k are SC • m Miami is selling eye wear. Conn 

The charges against Mr. Schevitz industries of Midlothian. Vbgb 
remain vague; the only details <tis- * offering an electric massageT 

hv IMffml nrnunilnnf ai>. nnn • . ... 

institution with 4,000 employees, < ^ ose< ! prosecutors ac- 399, plus $6 for shipping and h. 

where Mr. Scheritz has worked of pretending 10 be a dling. Abigail’s Treasures of Myi 

since 1980 as a specialist in altema- Western intelligence agent in 1984 Beach, South Carolina, has a h 
tives to nuclear energy. 10 obu 4? mfonnauon from a Ger- nwnica for sale. Several law fir 

“There’s nothing here 10 spy on,” “““ colleague. are offering their services for ait 

Mr. Sperling said. “Our publica- Ms. Altman said the full file of nal defense work. One says, “D 
lions are afl open to the public, evidence is not expected to be made 1-8Q0-P-R-1-S-O-N-S." 

Before the wall fell. East Germany available to Mr. Schevilz’s lawyer “Advertising is always in ere 
would periodically request our for six weeks. In ihe meanimjc, Mr. fog," said John Wilson, the pn 
publications and we would send Schevitz, a severe diabetic, will re- dem of JC1 Inc., which represe 
them over.” maut “ a prison hospital near’ Prison Life and other magazine! 

Other supporters contend that Karlsruhe in southwestern Gerraa- jqqj 

Mr. Schevitz has fallen victim to °y- copies of the current issue w 

excessive German zxaJ fo rooting j Ex-Politician circulated to prisons, with an ad 

®ut individuals who showed sym- “** . tional 25,000 distributed to nci 

pathy for the Communist regime . A formerly prominent oppoo- ■ forge dries and areas m 
before the Berlin Wall tumbled fo tion politician was indicted Tues- rf * ucs ™ 

1989. Scores of West Germans, in- day 00 a charge of spying for Ejst K Prison U/e has not made its v 
rinding high-ranking politicians Germany for almwttwo doxfore. onto advertising budgets 
ind diplomats, have been arrested Jhe Associated press reported mainstream compaSlS os 
in esoionape charees in racenr Irom Benin. 1 ■ 


The Inauguration 

Con tinned from Page 1 

den for two decades, first ai the 
Robbeo Island Prison and later at 
Victor Verster Prison. 

It also was a day for conciliatory 
gestures. Joe Modise. a former 
guerrilla leader and now Mr. Man- 
dela's defense minister-designate, 
noticed a delegation led by Chief 
Mangosuthu BuLhelezi. of the rival 
Inkatha Freedom Party, and the 
Zulu king. Goodwill Zwelithini, 
languishing fo the B-lisi seats and 
moved them to the from row. 

Someone also rescued Winnie 
Mandela, the estranged wife of Lhe 
new president, and led her from her 
chair behind a low sandstone wall 
to the covered stage where family 
and invited guests were seated. 

On Tuesday night, the new presi- 
dent dropped fo at the packed soc- 
cer stadium where the South Afri- 
can national team defeated Zambia 
fo an inaugural special. 

He frowned when lhe 60.000 
spectators failed to raise their 
voices in the two anthems of the 
new South Africa: the old Afri- 
kaans poem. “The Call of South 
Africa,” and the liberation anthem, 
“God Bless Africa.” 

"You have to leam the words to 
both anthems.” he scolded the 
crowd. “If you don't know Afri- 
kaans, you must leam it. If you 
don't know Zulu or Xhosa, you 
must leam those.” 

One fan. a resident of the PM a 
Park squatter camp. said. “It's nice 
that he came, but 1 think this is the 
last time we’ll come together like 

Wrapped in a huge A NC flag but 
already feeling the seep of disillu- 
sionment, she wondered: “What 

would periodically request our 
publications and we would send 
them over.” 

Other supporters contend that 
Mr. Schevitz has fallen victim to 
excessive German zeal fo rooting 
out individuals who showed sym- 
pathy for the Communist regime 
before the Berlin Wall tumbled fo 
1989. Scores of West Germans, in- 
cluding high-ranking politicians 
and diplomats, have been arrested 
on espionage charges fo recent 
years as investigators unravel the 
Siasi's once-ex tensive network of 
contacts and agents. 

“This seems to me to be some- 
thing of a setup, a witch hunt,” said 
David Colfax, a former colleague 
of Mr. Schevilz’s at the University 
of California at Berkeley and at 
Washington University in St. Lou- 
is. “I just see it as a long-term 
disaster for the guv, no matter how 
it coroes out." 

According 10 a spokesman for 
the U.S. Embassy fo Bonn, the Ger- 
man Foreign Ministry has reported 
that Mr. Schevitz requested that he 
not “be identified to the U.S. gov- 

Karlsnihe fo southwestern Germa- 

■ Ex-Politician Indicted 

rZ, mainstream companies. The dos 

Irom Benin. ones fo the June issue are ad verti 

The announcement by the feder- men Is for an album by the fodusi 
al prosecutor s offia: of the accusa- al rock group, Nine Inch Nails, a 
non agamst Karl Wienand, a for- for Newport cigarettes, a prodi 
mo- Social Democratic member rof of the LoriHard Tobacco Co. 
Parliament, could damage the left- The kev to erowth. Mr Sir 

for * C saiMbSr?^ ihich c 
“ Uonal elections. S19.95 for a year, and they co- 

The indictment had been expect- take some time to build up. 
ed since last week, when Mr. Wien- “In one year, I bet I sold 360,1 
and s lawyers said they had been cans of Pepsi and tens of tbousai 
informed it was coming. Mr. Wien- of Hostess cupcakes," Mr. Sir 
and, 67. who is no longer fo Pariia- said. “And cigarettes, I sold tom 
ment, denied having spied for East them. They're basically used as c 
Germany. He said he had held rency, you know. I could have s< 
meetings with East Germans fo his 2,000 to 3,000 pairs of sneaker 
wort: but never passed confidential know there's a mariret out there 
information. Well, fo there. 

RATES: Dollar and U.S. Treasury Bonds Stage Rah 

Continued from Page I Mr. Ouuer said be was involved 

fo many discussions about Japa- 
a strong yen would help curb Ja- ncsc wd contended that U.S 
pans trade surplus with the United officials had never formulated a 

propria lely at an appropri; 

Although not responsible 
U.S. foreign exchange polity. 

O# I -w Ul I ■ I « , -w***|j“ WMUWIbW LTUUVJ, 

states by making Japan s exports strong-yen policy, contrary to the Fed also made its view on the d 
more expensive. market's perceptions. The dollar, lar dear Tuesday, countering sp 

But Lloyd Bentsen. the Treasury he said, had fallen against the yen ulaiion the United States was 1 
secretary, said fo an interview in because of Japan’s huge trade sur- geting specific levels for the doll 

Tuesday’s Washington Post that 
coordinated dollar buying by the 
Federal Reserve and other central 
banks last week had been aimed at 
ending "the misperception that we 
had no concern for the value of the 
dollar or that we were actually driv- 
ing it down to achieve a competi- 
tive advantage." 

Traders and analysts said they 
suspected the administration spoke 
out on behalf of the dollar Tuesday 
m part to woo foreign investors to 
the U.S. Treasury’s quarterly note 
and bond sale. U.S. bond prices 
have suffered in recent weeks amid 
concern that the weak dollar would 

_ . WVUUi nw UJVJ 

are we going to do nyw° There s discourage overseas investors from 

nothing to proiesi against. 

To subscribe in Switzerland 

jusl call. loll free 

15557 57 

buying Treasury securities. 

“The policy of trying to drive the 
dollar down has clearly taken a 
back seat to worries about ihe bond 
market,'' said David De Rosa, di- 
rector of foreign-exchange trading 
at Swiss Bank Corp. 

P lu $- “The UJS. believes in float] 

japan said Monday its trade im- exchange rates,” Wffliam McDt 
balance with the rest of the world ough. president of the Federal I 
was a record $130.04 billion fo the serve Bank of New York, said 
year ended March 31, up 3.3 per- Zurich on Tuesday. "You ca 
cent from last year. have a policy of floating exchai 

“The UA Treasury has beeu 

damned by 14 months of its own . .^tec on pnus t s.smd Tucsc 
rhetoric on the yen and trade with 

Japan," said Nick Parsons, chief ffi“^? af, " rundcr 
economist at Canadian Imperial a 
Bank of Commerce in London. “It . A breach of that psychologies 
can't suddenly just talk the dollar ^ orUnt ,cvd «*dd trigger a fr 
up now. It’s going io have to shout ^°^ ar across the board, c 
it U p," rency analysts said. Thai could . 

The U.S. comments Mowed a bv rfpwW a !wi 

string of strong protests against re- 

cent dollar weakness from Japa- : BVP - |A _ acm 0Vers ' 

nese officials Tuesday. . ^ . 

McDonough said intent 
Hirohisa Fuji, the Japanese fi- uon to support a currency a 

nanre minister uiH Infirm nnH mh- mnain ]«u >1 rKA ... V ” 

nance minister, said Japan and otb- certain level did not eonstitw 
er Group erf Seven industrialized target He declined to camnx 
countries would remain fo dose whether he saw last week "4“ 
contact and would buy dollars “ap- venuon as successful. 

WEDNESDAY. HUY 11. 1994 


I O M 




published with thi mm kirk Ti'iks im> the w> post 

For seven arduous years American negotia- 
■s worked to set up a new World Trade 
ganization with power actually to enforce 
; rules on international trade. Legislation to 
ng the United States into it will come 
fore Congress this year. But since no good 
Mi goes unpunished, least of all in Washing- 
i, it is now being vehemently attacked from 
t and right as a great and intolerable give- 
ay of American sovereignty, 
rhe WTO is one of the few subjects on 
ich Newt Gingrich and Ralph Nader are 
Mr. Gingrich, the Republican whip in 
: House, recently suggested that the WTO 
istitutes an attempt at world government 
“a political structure with 117 individual 
tallies in which Third World dictatorships 
I be a majority." Other opponents have 
led warnings that it will force the United 
tes to change its laws, 
rhere is a seed of truth in that. The WTO. 
i the larger world trade agreement of which 
> a part, would require the United States to 
mge, among other things, the law* that 
itect the textile industry from imports. You 
1 net be greatly surprised to hear that the 
riotic issue of national sovereignty is gei- 
» a lot of attention these days from protec- 
lists righting to preserve the regulations 
l restrict trade and competition, 
rhe WTO is being set up to meet a great 

need. The present trade roles can resolve dis- 
putes only by consensus, which means that 
anv party can block a settlement. The United 
States is the world's largest exporting nation, 
and this inability to get grievances resolved 
has been a cause of enormous losses and' 
frustration for American exporters over the 
years. The WTO is the remedy. 

What about Mr. Gingrich's fears of world 
government and redd ess majorities of undem- 
ocratic mini states trashing American laws? 
There has always been a thread of suspicion 
running here and there through American 
politics that membership in international or- 
ganizations will undermine American sover- 
eignty. In the early 1950s, Congress was con- 
vulsed with a huge debate over the United 
Nations and whether its voles would override 
American law. But it hasn't. Now, 40 years 
later, the debate seems to have reappeared 
along exactly the same lines as before. 

But the WTO cannot compel any member 
to accept any expansion of its powers. While 
it could theoretically expel a recalcitrant, as 
a practical matter no trade organization is 
going to expel the world’s richest national 
market. The political reality is that the WTO 
is a technical organization that is no match 
for even the smaller sovereign nations, let 
alone for the big ones. 


Reform by Ex-Communists 

fung asians voted on Sunday to put former 
nmunists, now called Socialists, back into 
ver. As in Poland and Lithuania, market 
jrmers had promised economic miracles- 
t they could not possibly deliver, and vot- 
venled their frustration, bringing back 
ofessioaals” who “know how to make gov- 
ment work." The West need not despair at 
resurrection of Hungarian Communists, 
.nr pledge to keep Hungary headed toward 
nocracy and markets is credible. The for- 
r Communist government brought Hunga- 
nodesl market reforms in the 1970s. And 
Socialist leader, Gyula Horn, as foreign 
lister in the former Communist govern - 
at, smashed a gaping hole in the iron 
'tain when he opened Hungary's border in 
9 to refugees fleeing from East Germany, 
lie West can take heart from similar events 
3 oland. Voters turned out the pro-market 
eminent last year and voted in a coalition 
ormer Communists and agrarians. Yet the 
/ government has preserved market re- 
us. and Poland is growing faster than any 
er economy in Europe, 
mother encouraging sign from last week- 
’s voting in Hungary — the first of two 

rounds of parliamentary elections — was the 
terrible showing of the far-righi nationalists. 
They got less than 2 percent of the vote; the 
Socialists had more than 30 percent, a center- 
left coalition about 20 percent, and the ruling 
center-right coalition less than 12 percent. If 
these shares hold up in the second round, the 
former Communists will take control 

Voters’ anger at the ruling coalition is not 
hard to explain. Output — at least, as mea- 
sured by government statistics — has fallen by 
20 percent in the last four years, unemploy- 
ment is soaring toward a million, and infla- 
tion hovers above 20 percent annually. Hun- 
garians are scared. They turned to former 
Communists who. not implausibly, claimed 
that they could make reform work better. 

The West can influence whether the new 
government sticks with democracy and market 
reforms. The most important step' would be for 
the European Union and other industrialized 
countries to open their borders to exports from 
the former Co mmunis t countries. Former 
Communists might not be the ideal agents of 
market reforms in Eastern Europe: Bui they 
can. with help, get the job done. 


The Task in Panama 

•ew votes anywhere will mean more for the 
ited Slates this year than Panama"? presi- 
itial election last Sunday. It is not that the 
tner, the U.S.-educated millionaire busi- 
sman Ernesto Perez Bailadares. is Wash- 
ton’s man; on ihe contrary, he heads Puna- 
’s leading nationalist party. It is that on his 
tch Panama must carry off final convey- 
e of the American-built Panama Canal to 
lama on Dec. 31, 1999. The smooth trans- 
of this vital giant facility will call for high, 
itical skills on each side. 

Treaties made by President Jimmy Carter 
1 the late General Omar Torrijos in 1979 
lied out the new terms of Panamanian 
’ereignry and operation for the waterway 
. i surrounding lands. Nothing has changed 
justify altering those treaties. But in both 
mines political snags lurk. In some Pana- 
nian quarters there is a disturbing reluc- 
ce to move on without American guidance 
j for instance, to lose ibe income from U.S. 

: itary bases, which ore to close. In some 
I lerican quarters there persists the attitude 
: “patriotic” over-possessiveness toward the 
jial that fired up the losing but bruising 
j .tie against treaty ratification in the Senate. 
) \ware that both the process and the result 

of voting in Panama can color the count- 
down to 2000. Mr. Carter himself led an 
election observer mission. Despite wide- 
spread fears of disruption, the process was 
peaceful and fair. The easy victory that Mr. 
Perez Bailadares scored and the comfortable 
governing coalition he is expected to assem- 
ble should strengthen him as an interlocutor 
with the United States. 

Mr. Perez Bailadares is of the populist party 
that Manuel Antonio Noriega turned into the 
political arm of the armed forces until an 
American invasion deposed the strongman 
five years ago. He has striven to identify 
himself with his party's more acceptable To- 
rrijos roots and to democratize the party from 
the inside. But he will have to keep working 
hard to still fears of the revival of the thuggery 
and corruption associated with Mr. Noriega. 

President George Bush invaded Panama in 
1989 in large measure to halt Mr. Noriega's 
patronage of the drug traffic. The chief effect 
of his ouster on the drug Lrade was to privatize 
it and to create another set of obstacles to law 
enforcement. On this and other pressing con- 
cerns. the United States badly needs Pana- 
ma’s vigorous cooperation. 


Other Comment 

vanda's Bloodstain Spreads Hie Chinese Deserve Trade 

A problem from helL" was the way Wur- 
Christopher, America's secretary of state. 
k described Bosnia. What then is Rwanda? 
less than a month 200.000 Rwandans may 
■e been killed. Even if the figure is evagger- 
d. it is certain that far more people have 
d in Rwanda in (he past month than in 
alia in the past two years. Yet the world 
ads by. scarcely even embarrassed. 

4ot ail the reasons Tor this passivity arc 
rueful. Civil war in Rwanda is not a threat 
die stability of the region. Moreover, there 
no obvious solution to Rwanda's plight. 
II the United Nations had troops in Rwan- 
They could have been reinforced, not cm. 
at would not have put matters to rights. But 
vould have cut the death toil. 

Hie world did not want to know. Rwanda 
s too difficult, too remote, maybe too 
ck. A bloodstain is spreading on the map 
Africa, and on the conscience of the world. 

— The Economist (London!. 

Washington continues to agonize over 
whether China "deserves" to have its most- 
favored-nation trade status [renewed]. If. by 
China, we mean the officials in Beijing, there 
is little doubt of the men is. Whether out of 
clumsiness or cold calculation, their recent 
heavy-handedness — roundups of dissi- 
dents. new restrictions on religion, a cover- 
up of the Qiaod ao Lake murders — can in no 
way be reconciled with the demand for ■‘sig- 
nificant. overall progress." 

ff. however, China is defined as the Chi- 
nese people — the chief casualties of their 
government's violations — then the answer 
is clear. For them, the trade and investment 
that most-favored-nation trade sums offers 
represent opportunity: the chance to manage 
their own lives, feed their families — and 
perhaps, in the long run. the hope that 
their grandchildren might know a measure of 
stability and freedom. 

— Far Eastern Economic Review (Hong Kong). 

Internationa] Herald Tribune 



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Pacific Asia Rise Involves More Thau Economics 

S INGAPORE — For centuries. Pacific 
Asia's economic lifeline was exports to 
the industrialized West. Today the region is 
much more self-sufficient. Its interna! growth 
is being increasingly fueled by trade and invest- 
ment within and between regional economies. 
This is an irreversible shift with far-reaching 
implications beyond the realm of economics. 

Northeast Asia comprising Japan. Ko- 
rea, the northern Chinese provinces and pos- 
sibly even the Pacific coast of Russia — will 
establish itself as the industrial powerhouse of 
Pacific Asia. It has the potential to be an 
integrated economic region, with China's 
heavy industries and mineral resource indus- 
tries complementing Japan's high-tech manu- 
facturing. Consumption demand from this 
area will grow fasti stimulating growth else- 
where in Pacific Asia. 

Greater China, linking southern China. 
Taiwan and Hong Kong, will be the boom- 
town, frontier-style economy of the region. 
Using its entrepreneurial resources. Greater 
China wall excel in consumer goods manufac- 
turing and any enterprise of a speculative 
nature. It will rank number one in Pacific 
Asia in terms of economic growth rates. 

Southeast Asia will find itself pushed hard 
to attract foreign investment, because its 
economies are relatively small and compete 
with each other, makin g genuine integration 
problematic. Attempts by the Association of 
South East Asian Nationi to forge a free trade 
area axe still in the formative stage because 
areas of competition are greater than comple- 
mentarity between ASEAN economies. 

However, liberalization of Burma and 
Indochina, and their increasing integration 
with ASEAN's economies, will stimulate re- 
gional growth. While Southeast Asia is a se- 
ries of emerging markets rather than a single 
homogeneous entity, it is very dynamic, and 
domestic consumption is increasing rapidly. 

The rise of Pacific Asia will gradually shift 
the balance of both economic and political 
power away from ihe West. Economic 
groups, such as the Asia-Pacific Economic 
Cooperation forum, will uy to ameliorate 
some of the tensions and bring everyone 
under the same tern, but differences will 
emerge at the ethno-cultural level. 

When the rise of Pacific Asia was merely an 
interesting phenomenon. Western scholars 
wrote with detached interest about the role of 
Confucian values in development. Now that 
the rise of Pacific Asia has become less of a 

By Ho Kwon Ping 

Western detractors. Now. more Asian voices 
are increasingly assertive in pulling forth an 
Asian perspective, whether il be on human 
rights, law and order, crime and punishment 
work ethics, or other values of a civil society. 

There are certainly common Asian philo- 
sophical outlooks. To take a legal example: a 
recent survey noted how Asians are generally 
less inclined toward litigation than Western- 
ers. They prefer nonconfrontaiional means of 
conflict resolution, such as arbitration. This 
was as mie of the Japanese. Koreans and 
Chinese as of Indonesians or Thais. The study 
concluded that there was a historical or cul- 
tural basis for the Asian inclination to stress 
personal rather than contractual obligations. 

If there is a single fundamental difference 
between the Western and Asian worldviews, 
it is the dichotomy between individual free- 
dom and collective welfare. It is reflected in 
the definition and administration of justice. 
The Western cliche that it would be better for 
a guilty person to go free than to convict an 
innocent person is a testimony to the impor- 
tance of the individual. An Asian perspective 
mav well be that it is belLer for an innocent 
person to be convicted if the common welfare 
is protected, and better Tor a guilty person to 
be free if conviction would inflict further 
harm on the community. 

A more independent and assertive Pacific 
Asian assortment of views, if not a single 
perspective, is long overdue. However, if it 
does not also develop a self -critical perspec- 
tive on Asia's own problems, it will be tittle 
more than a voice of smugness. 

The rise of Pacific Asia has not occurred 
without considerable contradictions and so- 
cial tensions. In the euphoria over a Pacific 

Asian century, we may understate these prob- 
lems, or dismiss them because they are dis- 
torted or exaggerated in the West 

The recent protests in the Medan area of 
Indonesia over labor conditions turned into 
anti-Chinese riots. They were symptomatic of 
growing income inequalities in Pacific Asia as 

market forces accelerate economic growth. For 
every entrepreneur who strikes it rich in Jakar- 
ta, Bangkok or Shanghai, there are thousands 
who migrate from & countryside to urban 
ghettos and barely make a living. 

Economic reform in China, for example, 
has created a of millioaaires and also 
more than 2Q rnilhon jobless drifters camping 
out at railroad stations, looking for work. 

As parts of Pacific Asia leapfrog several 
stages or industrialization and catapult 
straight into high-tech industries, there is an 
underclass of the illiterate and unskilled 
whose livelihoods are barely improving. 
Western critiques of this problem have largely 
focused on the purported exploitation of 
these workers by Asian businesses, with the 
solution being trade barriers to Asian exports 
unless such problems are alleviated. 

Asian political and business leaders must 
collaborate to resolve or ameliorate these con- 
tradictions of growth, not because of pressure 
from protectionist trade unions in the West 
but because it is their duty to their people. 

Similarly, Pacific Asia's rapid growth has 
sometimes resulted in environmental degra- 
dation. But because the vociferous green 
movement in the West has often adopted 
simplistic solutions where any kind of devel- 
opment which involves some environmental 
sacrifice is anathema, Asian governments and 
their defenders often deny that the region has 
serious environmental problems. 

The reality is that policy decisions will 
often involve difficult choices. Building a dam 

to provide dectridiy (or several . hundred 
thousand people in Thail a nd ariyrfiniDfte 
relocating some villages and endangering ihe 
habitat of some bins. Asian environmental 
groups have a greater dilemma' than their 
Western counterpartf bcctu^^ 
between poverty aDcviation and enviroszaens 
tal degradation is extremely difficult to make. 
The debate over these choices must be an 
Asian one, with Asian voices speaking. ... 

In seeking a Pacific Asian perspective^ it is . 
unlikely that a single yoke or model win 
emerge. For the region has its own rich politic 
cal and historical diversities. Howeyer, the 
nascent Asian voices that are inomhgfy 
being heard have not ganetaiuiotfcecL " •. i " 

Asiaweek magazine recently devoted a cov- 
er story to the new Asian Intellectuals. They 
are not ideologically oriented to the left. oc 
right, but trained in the rigorous mathtioosof- 
Western intellectual pursuit. TJbey are devet 
oping their worldview bas< 

Asian experience. A private 
mission Tor a New Asa, ha 
railing for an Asian re: 

More such groups, ; 

Asian unity in diversity, wQl 
search for non- Western devel 
and efforts to build on Asian 
include both the similarities a 
ences within the region. It is 
positivism that the West would 
recognize and accept. 

their own 
the Com: 
a tepon 

a certain 

The writer, a farmer journalist with ! 
Eastern Economic Review, is president < 
Chang International, a Sin% 

with interests in property development, 

industry, engineering and trading In six . 
Asian countries. This comment was adapt 
ihe Herald Tribune from a recent address i 
international conference of lawyers in Sin 

Modem China Need Not Be a Military Threat 

novelty and perhaps more of z threat, a less 

friendly tone has crept into some Western 
studies of Pacific Asian cultural, social and 
political behavior. Samuel Huntington's con- 
troversial book “The Clash of Civilizations” 

is a reflection of bow a Western psyche can 
've the impending Pacific Asian chal- 

lenge as essentially a clash between civiliza- 
tions — with Western values implicitly consti- 
tuting the civilized norms of behavior. 

The linking erf Western standards of human 
rights with trade access to Western markets, 
or Western standards of workers* rights with 
trade, has been seen by many thoughtful 
Asians as a thinly disguised attempt to impede 
the rise of Pacific .Asian economic power. 

Asian governments have generally been, a; 
besti defensive about their low rankings on 
the scorecard of Western social, cultural or 
political norms of behavior. At worst, they 
resorted to crude counterattacks against their 

C ANBERRA — China is big and getting 
economically stronger. U is a huge na- 
tion secure from external threats. It will loom 
large in the Western Pacific, raising concerns 
in the region and elsewhere that it might 
become an expansionist power. 

China is seeking to develop a mobile rapid 
reaction force to protect its maritime interests 
and offshore territorial claims in the South 
China Sea and elsewhere. This has been inter- 
preted as evidence of a quest for dominance. 

To allay such concerns. China should be 
encouraged to publish more of its defense 
policy and plans. The country's defense bud- 
get increased by as much as 60 percent in the 
last Tour years, after a period of relative de- 
cline. However, the growth rate in real terms 
was around 3 percent annually, which is mea- 
ger given the state of the weapons and equip- 
ment in the Chinese armed forces. Moreover, 
increased salaries and allowances accounted 
for a large slab of this increase. 

Still, the rate of growth in real terms has 
been matched by few other Asia-Pacific coun- 
tries. with the exception of Taiwan. The U.S. 
Central Intelligence Agency uses figures 
which suggest that China's defense budget is 
more than twice its publicly stated size. The 
CIA puts actual spending at between SI6 
billion and SI7 billion. Using the World 

By Gary Klintworth 

Bank’s purchasing power parity method of 
calculation, the figure comes out at around 
S2I billion, which is still only about half the 
amount spent by Japan and a fraction of the 
spending of the major nuclear powers. 

Much of the Chinese armed forces’ equip- 
ment dates from the 1950s and 1960s. To 
replace it with modem weapons will require a 
substantial increase in defense spending every 
year for at least the next decade 

China's military capabilities are fairly 
modest. It has a fraction of the number of 
intercontimental ballistic missiles possessed 
by the United States and Russia. The number 
or diesel-powered Chinese submarines 
dropped by more than half ta around 37 in 
1992, from more than 100 in 1984. The num- 
ber of major warships in the Chinese navy has 
increased only marginally in recent years to 
55 today, from 52 in 1988. 

China’s air force may be the third largest in 
the world, but it is essentially a defensive 

force equipped with obsolete planes, despite 
irchases of i 

demonstrated during the Gulf War. Its armed ' 
forces are defensively oriented and have a. 
limited capacity for projecting military power 
far beyond Chinese shores. 

China's modernization program win take 
many decades. If it is to succeed, Beijing will 
continue to need peaceful borders acid good 
relations with the United States, Japan and 
other Asian nations. It will also need good 
standing in the World Bank, the Asian Devel- 
opment Bank, the United Nations, the World 
Trade Organization and the Asia-Pacific Eco- 
nomic Cooperation forum. An aggressive pol- 
icy in the South China Sea would be contrary 
to Beijing's self-interest. 

In the longer term, China may become a 
great military power. A stronger China can be 
a stabilizing factor if it becomes enmeshed in 
the mainsteam of regional affairs, balances 
Japan and a united Korea, and contributes to 
regional economic prosperity. In the past, it 
was a weak, disunited China that invited great 
power intervention and precipitated civil 
wars and uncontrollable migration of impov- 
erished Chinese to other countries. 

recent purchases of a number of squadrons of 
advanced fighters from Russia. 

Militarily, China lags well behind the kind 
of precision firepower lhaL the United States 

The writer, an analyst with the Northeast 
Asia program at the Australian National Uni- 
versity. contributed this comment to the Inter- 
national Herald Tribune. 

For the European Union to Work, All Members Can’t Be Equal 


RUSSELS — When the original 


six founding states of the Euro- 
pean Union signed the Treaty or 
Rome in 1957. they made a bargain 
that intrigued the rest of ihe world. 
They agreed that the size of a country 
would be irrelevant to its clout. 

It was an idealistic, even quixotic, 
pledge that typified postwar Europe's 
determination to build a new frame- 
work of cooperation and trust LhaL 
would make armed conflict unthink- 
able ever. France. West Germany 
and Italy accepted that joint policies 
.within the new Community would 
have to be unanimously accepted, 
and that Belgium. Lhe Netherlands 
and even tiny Luxembourg would 
have equal rights of veto. 

.Almost 40 years later, the time has 
come for that principle of equality 
between slates to be re-examined, 
and then scrapped. The Six have be- 
come the Twelve and are soon to 
become the Sixteen, when Austria. 
Sweden. Finland and Norway join 
next year. There is no longer a case 
for ignoring the differences in the 

By Giles Merritt 

This is the second of two articles. 

that the member governments must 
in Future submit themselves to major- 

populations of member states. To 
continue to do so would be both 
undemocratic and unrealistic. 

Over the years, a system of weight- 
ed voting has emerged as the only 
way to push through the growing vol- 
ume of collective regulation and leg- 
islation. Whether this system should 
be tinkered with or radically over- 
hauled is now the bunting question 
facing Europe, and it is scheduled to 
be resolved by 1 996, at latest, in order 
to prepare the Union for a further 
enlargement in the late 1990s that 
brings in Poland, Hungary, the Czech 
Republic and Slovakia. 

The majority voting system has 
never been unreservedly’ accepted 
throughout Europe. Charles de Gaulle 
had no problems with Lhe original veto 
system, but in the mid-1960s, when 
majority voting was first mooted, he 
mounted a one-man boycott of the 
European Community, and France’s 

ity voting on virtually all aspects of 
EU policy-! 

empty chair in the Council of Minis- 
ters was not occupied until her part- 
ners agreed that “vital national inter- 
est'' would permit member stales to 
veto unacceptable measures. 

That effectively knocked majority 
voting on the head for some 20 years, 
until the drive to create Lhe European 
single market produced such a vol- 
ume of often controversial new regu- 
lations that the only workable solu- 
tion was majority voting. 

The majority voting introduced 
under the European Single Act in the 
late 1 980s is probably no more than a 
modest forerunner of what is yet to 
come. So far, EU member slates have 
allowed themselves to be voted down 
on the more technical issues, with 
politically explosive matters like eco- 
nomic and foreign policy still decided 
by unanimity. But with a member- 
ship that could more than double in 
the next 10 years or so, (he signs are 

Haiti Is Holding Up a Mirror of Shame 

N EW YORK — Haiti holds up a 
mirror to Americans, and tens 
of millions should look away in 
shame. They live in freedom and 
safely because their parents or 
grandparents had the strength to lice 
pogroms or travel thousands of hard 
miles in search of work and bread. 

But for years now, when Haitians 
have come seeking refuge, their 
need deep, their oppression relent- 
less and their danger acute, they 
have been turned away. Children 
and grandchildren of earlier immi- 
grants say nothing mumble excuses 
or icily approve. 

After his election. President Bill 
Clinton went back on his word to 
allow Haitians a decent chance at 
entry into the promised land, in- 
stead of capturing them at sea and 
sending them back, as did President 
George Bush. Now he has found 
the courage to recognize his error, 
and try to rectify it. 

For giving that chance at last to 

black refugees he deserves respect, 
not the warnings of approaching 
calamity that he is getting 
Black. White .Americans at least 
should acknowledge what they see 
in the Haitian mirror. The Haitians 
have been turned back because of 
the color of their skin. 

It is cowardly to pretend other- 
wise. Haitian refugees are poor, 
most are unschooled and some arc 
ill. So were many of the European 
refugees without whom this country 
would now be less educated, less 
wealthy and less healthy than it is. 

Sons and daughters of European 
immigrants arc among those who 
warn against Haitians. They turn 
out studies that are supposed to 

By A. M. Rosenthal 

show that immigrants are a hideous 
economic threat. In America, you 
can pick your study — and on immi- 
gration I pick those like the one from 
the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution 
in Washington. Ten states with the 
lowest concentrations of immigrants 
in 198() had an unemployment rate 
one-third higher than the staLes with 
relatively high immigration. 

“Hordes” — the word has not 
been used much about immigrants 
since the early 20th centuiy. when it 
was a favorite of anti-Semites and 
Catholic-haters. Now it just hangs 
there in the talk and writing of anti- 
immigration groups — Haitians and 
Chinese moving toward America, 
over the horizon, millions and mil- 
lions of foreigner*, in mass, not a one 
of them what you could call white. 

But if we Americans have any 
sense we will let the nation-building 
record of .American immigration 
guide us. if we decide some day that 
the United Slates just cannot' han- 
dle any new brains or more mus- 
cles. we can abandon American 
self-interest in immigration then, 
but for heaven’s sake not now. 

If ever there was a countiy whose 
people deserve warmth when they 
feck U.S. refuge it is Haiti. It is part 
of the Americas, a neighbor. The 
thug ‘■police" and “army" officers 
who rule with machete and gun arc 
direct descendants of the Duvalicr 
dictatorships so long supported and 
armed by the United States. And 
they overturned a president who 
may not be to American tastes but 
who was democratically elected. 

Somehow, Washington has man- 
aged to think of only one plan to 
help Haitians: strangle them ever 
tighter in sanctions. Sanctions 
against enemy governments like 
Iraq’s, or as pressure for a specific 
political purpose against a South 
Africa or North Korea — that is 
one thing. But sanctions that con 
starve out a friendly neighboring 
people — how long can the Hai- 
tians stand that? How long can we? 

The Haitian mirror shows more 
than an American double standard 
against black refugees. Politicians 
and commentators who scream for 
heavy bombing of Serbia, with all 
its risks of a wider European war. 
seem petrified at the thought of 
any military action against a mob 
of Haitian killers who have only 
fought unarmed civilians. 

1 cannot understand why the Lat- 
in American republics are not vol- 
unteering to share military action 
against the Haitian thugs. But then 
I could never understand why West- 
ern Europe could not handle Bosni- 
an intervention, if it was so hot for it. 
without calling for America. 

U.S. intervention in Bosnia could 
prolong and widen war. But it is 
hard to believe that U.S. armed 
forces could not handle the Haitian 
cops in a few days. 

So. a final thought for mirror- 

gazing. If Canadians were taken 
over by marauding gangsters, sure- 

ly wc in the United States would 
offer them something better than 
the simple two-part plan that so 
many Americans think is entirely 
good enough for Haitians: they just 
stay home, and we just starve them. 

The New York Times. 


Poland and Hungary have now 
made formal applications for EU 
membership, and the Czech Republic 
and Slovakia wOl not be far behind. 
These four — nowadays known as 
the VLsegrad stales, because they 
signed a cooperation pact in that 
Hungarian town — may perhaps be 
in the Union in five years. The Baltic 
states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithua- 
nia are also anxious to join, as are 
Romania, Bulgaria and the compare-, 
lively prosperous state of Slovenia in 
the north of ex- Yugoslavia. 

There is strong pressure on the 
Union to underwrite these ex-com- 
munist countries’ stability and securi- 
ty by admitting them to membership. 
In Bonn, Lhe new slogan is that the 
Union should be a “zone of peace” 
from the Atlantic to the River Bug in 
western Ukraine. Tt would then be 
doubly difficult to refuse entry to 
longtime suitors Malta and Cyprus, 
and the security argument might also 
extend to admitting Turkey. Let Alba- 
nia in and EU membership rises to 30. 

It seems unlikely that in this great- 
ly expanded European Union all 
members can be equaL This U a nettle 

flanked by Spain and Italy. Whatever 
the cosmetic gloss put on a future 
‘political union," the reality is that 
the voters and political representa- 
tives of these states will insist on 
retaining control of key policy areas. 

In the second rank wiQ be the 
smaller powers — the Benelux and 
Scandinavian stales, Ireland, Austria, 
Portugal and Greece. These can ex- 
pert to lose some of the blocking 

powers they have had. 
The third 

(hat has to be grasped by the Imer- 
Con/erence in 1996. 

The idealism that first gave the 

original Six equal voices, and later 
’ * jualifie 

weighted qualified majority voting to 
safeguard the smaller countries, now 
has to be tempered with realism. If 
the Union is to have real power and 
make decisions on issues of real im- 
portance, a three-tier hierarchy has to 
be envisaged. It would be largely, but 
not wholly, based on population size. 

At the top will be the major powers 
— Germany. France and Britain, 

..rank will be the formerly 

Communist stales and other latecom- 
ers. Their membership in the Union 
will reflect a political imperative, 
with tittle or no economic rationale. 
The weigh ting of these countries’ 
clout in the Council of Ministers will 
have to reflect their status as infant 
democracies and long-term recipients 
of economic assistance. 

By some calculations, admission of 
ihe Visegrad Four will cost an extra 
S80 billion or so yearly and mean a 
60 percent rise in member slates’ 
contributions to the Eli budget. The 
chances are that these newcomers will 
not be granted full access to, say, the 
Common Agricultural Policy, and 
will not exercise full voting rights. 

The task of fashioning a new politi- 
cal system for Europe that balances 
democratic accountability with effi- 
ciency. and fairness with realpolitik, 
is truly daunting. The important thine 
is that the options should be discussed 
by Europeans as widely and freely as 
possible in advance of the 1996 Inter- 
governmental Conference. 

Left to political power brokers 
and cautious officials, the future po- 
litical framework risks emerging as 
an unsatisfactory mishmash. Radi- 
cal solutions are needed, and that 
requires widespread discuss ion and 
popular support. 

International Herald Tribune. 


1894: A Girl Is Killed 

BERLIN — intense excitement and 
indignation have been caused by the 
announcement that a sentry on dulv 
at Posen to-day shot and killed a girl 
in the execution of his duty. The girl. 
Michaiina Kaezmarck. a young ser- 
vant, was impudent to and pushed 
against the senuy, who thereupon- 
said he would arrest her. This fright- 
ened her and she ran away. The sen- 
try made the regulation three calls for 
her to stop, but without avail, and he 
then took deliberate aim and shot her 
dead. Even the military authorities 
hesitate io give open approval m this 
monstrous action. The sentry has 
been placed under nominal arrest 
and an inquiry has been ordered 

registered a protest the Belgian col- 
ors being red, yellow and black. The 
Peace Conference is asked to notify 
the German delegates that the new 
fiag will not be recognized. 

1919: New German Flag 

PARK If h n » n .. 

C 1 

f ARI n T II . havin 8 been intimated 
rrom Berlin that Germany intends to 
admt a red, gold and black flog, die 
Belgian government, through its dele- 
gates to the Peace Conference, has 

1944: Japanese Abuses 

QUARTERS, New Guinea —-[From 
our New York edition:] Headquar- 
ters announced today [May 1 1] that 
the American 6th Army invaders of 
Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea, bad 
wed 707 prisoners of the Japanese. 
The_ Australian Department of Infor- 
mation announced that some liberat- 
ed Sikhs, natives of Indio, strongly 
indicted Japanese treatment of them- 
Some were quoted as saying: “On an 
eighteen -day march from Singapore 
to Kuala Lumpur we were herded 
along a road like cattle. At one place 
w®saw a number of Chinese who had 
been nailed to palm trees with iron 
spikes driven through their fore- 
heads. Fifteen Silths who had become 
dl were put to death," 

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w£5« to Murder Victims I ~ ~ I Par 

* 8 d ill the vw Americans *hn *V ttichard Harwood topic on the ABC CBS and NBC \ 

^cdontbcbSS ” 1 War are io- njgbdy news prc^rams. Tbdr cover- / \ riARIS 

** Vietnam lfiS*?"* wXb of am. *5®* doubled_ compared /CC^—j—?====lSl 7= \ P£S5Z 

4 t 

u* f 


uu ju_ l are uj. —o — j — .uw. w-*tr- 

t** Vietnam walls or *nA t,nr . a^e of crane doubled compared 

S n ~'47^5knSJ l ? aJi o Washinc- ^i. k S m8 ,^ msdves al * rate of wj 1992; news of murders tripled. 
iJ .000 victims^ m ^ttle! nea!£ 2?^ tjan 145 a day, a rate that is Recently I sampled a week's is- 
eastIt «Se^f^ ,dcntea ®ddS P^l 30 ^e, the sues of The ^Sngton Post: 20 

.^^tive and ?m thcw ° rld,s most 1 ™?“^ I 2 people, percent of the stones m the A sec- 

' Works - No one funereal «D the men lulled in all t»o involved crime and violence; 42 

oal is not »S^ hov l? tsd w memo. ^.!^ A 1I, J hell,sto ry<rfibe United Pe™ of the stories in the Metro 
reminds uJSJ 100 ^ “fleeted. It «££■ ^ msn y °* these recent *“100 dealt with the same topics. 

. f °r war and 1,16 Pwe paid ^ women: . One consequence of this atten- 

Paris Dining With a Difference 

beai ^8 amSS 1 ^ ^ gal5Ucl1 

fear for fives and property, accoid- 
mg to Robert Ucnter of the media 

roost ofTh^^^Americaas— LrT?.™ ^ St alin is said to J® ter ’ For the first time in the 
SSr ~~ wbdwU ^■°° kcd al hunaa life One hjstory of poOmg, we are fmding 
in th?UniI ( 2?^ ki ^ cd themselves tra 6 cd y- a m3 lion deaths J? 1 ^ Amencan public regards 

Vietnam £ ,Cd Slales durina the !f a staQs tic. In a sense, that ?“ ne ^ tbegravest prohlem faring 
yearn? Howm ^ 0 Sd S“ ^ America's yavS^relc. thecounuy. B 

naJ i^J” ^iraoMious mmK> . u ™ W lhe slaughter milTslretti . A to l of joamalisn. myself in- 
he 85 il wSd ura Untl1 ^ Past couple of years it h ?^ ^ u 9 QahMd what is 

a notto^^i < nrit to add t0 R ai least a ^ er 811 “Jportaat pub&ron- 2 ^ thal vi °- 
I, iS'^? 0 names? 801 now the media, searchma 7°^.^ a Ion S history in 

Ob !^otdd become. I suspect. an for t0 ™ spaaaud^S **■* ,l ^ become as 

Sl£T a S esence ' eatingOT^uS ^making mayhSn a promSS Aroj™M and as commonplace as 
5 Q|£!muS feature m me news. Crime last year “PP 1 * P“- have argued, for ex- 
vrctun s and smddes areW dv £ to the Oaiter for ftS Ievd ^ ^ 

_ y * n ® an d Public Affairs, was the JeadinE the United Stales — homi- 

ctdjrape. aggravated assault and 

— l etters TO the ed itor Statistics cycled and analyzed 

rri r, „ by an agency of the Department of 

}0 Stop (he Kiflma In , . - the Office of Justice - 

r -™uug Likewise suicide risk should be ^rocnshaie that poiiiL In 1973 

7 s lhe War « Bosnia !^f^li i J rou Sh dose observation $5, ”E nber of violent crimes per 
J2i5 Holocaust?" (Opinion ctaueaJ assessment Dr. . , t 00 ' 000 P»ple was 32.6; last year 

April 27) by A. M. Rosenthal: ‘ claim that Michad Fay is J, 1 was ^ ’ II ** «>nifonin“ *« 

Tbe writer appears to .k , ? t L l? ve "dt” of exanmitting suicide fcnow “* al » overall things 
Bosnia is «w«h3L£2^W b spoubti^ oot^ttog worse, 

fore there is no Boher psychiatric reports ore- ___®V t w hen you look at the i 


nber of violent crimes per year old — °has l 'double^ S for^e B eein Sdiform^hf^ 1 rSnnnTeru^ ^ ach Je ^ r ’ CoupIeS assembIe al - P A Poh«™an poked his head in. 

•people was 32.6; last year nation as a whole, and for black rf«? ttel ^^SiT2?S ?*“* P® n, L lhi10u e hou£ Rg^st d «nonstrators. eh?" he 

32.1. It is comforting to infants ii is reaching epidemic nm orfn»r u ? ve couple brings a card table, barked. We were indeed wearing 

things are portions: more than^p^ lOoSlOO d^^cSt ^own onronlrorii” f ° ldh S chairs, picnic hamper with while; golden lilies on a white field 

mgworse. _ _ in 1990. D,e national hoS JhS wme. food, glas^napery. silver- are the colors of the nre- Revolu- 

Her counterpart at The Fresno 
Bee in California has recommend- 

p ARIS — The chestnut trees are 
A m blossom along the Champs- 
Hysees, it is still full davlight when 
the sidewalk caffe table fill at the 
apenttf hour, and soon it will be 
time for that rite of summer, the 
Diner en Blanc, or Dinner in White 

it comes at ab out the time of the 


summer solstice. Members of sev- 
eral French charities who have 
been doing good for others all year 
get together to have some fun 

Last year there were more than 
a thousand of us, mostly profes- 
sionals and executives in their 30s 
and 40s but with a sprinkling of 
older and younger folk. All-white 
attire, informal but not overly ca- 
sual. was de rigueur; shorts and T- 
shins were banned. The men came 
in various combinations of tennis 
sweaters and slacks, white dinner 
jackets, white duck trousers. Our 
host, an architect with a whimsi- 
cal bent. wore white bib overalls, 
white shin and tie, and a sultan’s 
white, bejeweled turban. The 
women were in white, too, most 
with liny hats or garlands of flow- 
ers or both. 

Each year, couples assemble at 
various points throughout Paris. 

By Arthur Higbee evening traffic ail the wi 

We were nearly an hour b 
hundreds of other tables alreT 
tor of our bus party announces had been set up and dinner t 
where we will spend the evening, begun. Greeted bv a vast cheer i 

Because the proceedings could a fanfare of hunting horns, 
be construed as vaguely irregular, quickly set up our own tables 9 
if totally harmless, the precise by side in rows — tbe total eft 
identity of the sponsors is not an- was of several long banquet tah 
nounced. “If anyone asks." our in- — and fell to. 
vitation said, “make it clear that As we dined, it became cl 
there is no oiganizer and that the that whoever designed the Fret 
dinner is utterly spontaneous.” tricolor had the evening sky; 

In previous years this alfresco mind, for the summer sunset v 
banquet had been held in such rad at the horizon, while furti 
public open spaces as the Bagatelle U P lbcn blue, deepening 
Gardens in the Bob de Boulogne die sun went down. As the i 
or on the Champ de Mars beneath d^tened, the moon came up i 
the Eiffel Tower. Last year it was candles flickered in the bre< 
the courtyard of the Louvre People wandered among the 
squarely in front of Lhe new en- bles chatting with their frieri 
trance designed by I.M. Pel a d* hunting horns played m< 
huge glass pyramid which, however fanfares ana a snake dance will 
controversial, looks absolutely c® 51 of hundreds wound its v 
smashing at night. around the tables. 

For our busload of 50 or so. Then, as midnight approach 
there was a hitch. The rendezvous we snuffed our candles, iolded t 
for boarding was a little-used traf- and chairs, swept up t 

fie circle in the Bois de Boulogne, crumbs and happily stole away. 
We rolled into town, on an indirect As lagniappe to the extravag: 
route since we were ahead of ^ the police more than made 
schedule. As we rounded Les Inva- ^ nearly spoiling our party 
tides, a police car blocked our way. providing three motorcyclists to 

>i getting worse. 

But when you look at the sheer 

SStil SL^nftcwat is not a 
hfhS 11 . a ““ 8 Holocaust 
has happened, ri is too late. To 
have prevented the Holocaust <rf 
Jews. Hitler would have 
had to be stopped in 1933-39. The 
hw to have stopped the slaughter 
m Bosnia was also, idealty. before 
I doubt thattL men, 
women and children of Bosnia — 

or Cnoaua — chose to be raped or 
to die, any more than tbe European 

Jews chose to be slaughtered. 


.•.l^7v e, . MtKMtc. lue o m- 

jto Queen s counsel representing Mr. 
ray chose not to tender than in the 
appral as evidence, and abandoned a 
rootion to pul before the court fur- 
roer evidence of Mr. Fay’s alleged 
attention deficit hyperactivity disor- 
der. The Queen's counsel suggested 
that what these psychiatric reports 
observed was the “immense anxie ty 
and distress" occasioned by Mr. 
Fay’s “predicament" The chief jus- 
tice noted in his judgment that 
“oounsd accepted the contradiction 

between the views of the appritimfs \ 

character expressed in the lestimcmi- 

flk and thf» anokw*# 4.. ■■ *<■_ I 

■Mjcssaagg KSMSttiSBi 

policy; either tntli aonunt ^ -« •- • ■ _ con ^ ti ?i ro the psy - 

pohctyj either total engagement or 
total disengagement. Or, only in- 
tervene when the catastrophe has 
already taken place. 

President Bfll Clinton is obsessed 
~ rightly — with domestic affairs: 
he dearly does not have an instinct 
for foreign policy. UA policy is 
adrift,- without strategy or energy. 

- m>mi iu uib i»v- 

chiatac nqports.” 

As for the claim (IHT, May 5) 
that Michael Fay “had been beaten 
by the police mto confessing to 
something he did not do,” and Prea- 
dent BiD Cfinton's comment about 
questions “abort whether the young 
man was in fact guilty and involun- 
tarily confessed," Mr. Fav was coo- 

UVImI nn U. • - 

tv.kZ_ .ilT -T v&7 r mt. i*av was coo- 

r&naps the president should ap- victed on his guilty plea, not on his 
point a viceroy for foreign affairs— confession. Mr. Faynnresmedlyad- 
someone with the energy, gins and nutted to the crinvy m court 

mstmcis of a James Baker, Just to 
give a recent example. 



'Barbaric Justice’ ‘ 

C on s oe n i Muis individuals who 
value huma n rights have a smqde 
bm effective way to respond to 
Singapore’s barbaric system of re- 
pression and torture. Join in a sus- 
tained boycott of Singapore’s 
products and services, inducting its 

When the U.SL Embassy mm. 
plained of physical abuse m October, 
the Ministry of Home Affairs carried 
out a thorough investigation which 
found no evidence of abuse Tbe 
ministiy gave a full report to 
the embassy, 

Mr. Fay was not “duped into a 
idea bargain an the undecstaxxfiog 
that there wodd be no caning," con- 
traxy to his American lawyers cbdm. 
Theprosectxticai and Mr. Fay’s coun- 
sel agreed to aigoe in court whether 
or not the spray jaim Mr. Fay used 

- — ; i -a * ** ****** ™ ****** u un/bvuuiUHAiJtiUUQr 

istic govonment deans up its acL bte, Mr. Fay would be caned. 


, Fans. gngapere 

IMoanded Diagnosis 

Regarding "Suicide Risk In-Can- _ : 

ing,U.S. Doctor Warns” (May . 4) by Laranffi and Rabbits 1 

Mirharl Richardson: _ • 

mg U.S. Doctor Warns" (May 4) by 
Michael Richardson: 

Dr. Rnssdl A Barkley died no 
wnpiriral evidence to back his “con- 
sidered professional pptinion" that 
caning Michad Fay carried a “grave 
risk” that be would commit strode, 
since Mr. Fay suffered from atten- 
tion defiat hyperactivity ifisonfer. 
• He did not even examine Mr. Fay; 
he had oae telqihone interview with 
Michad Fay and a conversation with 
Mr. Fay’s stepfather- 

Dr. Ang Ah Ling, head of the 
Dqaatiiient of Forensic Psychiatry 
e i« t U j i fil foT ftivl fi mmv 

Regarding “ Surrender and Try to 
Say It Rigfe ” (Meanwhile, April 13) 
by Bob Donahue: 

The writer, in his rampaging 
contemplation of the kinship be- 
tween the French and EngKsfl lap, 
guages, mentions earplugs and re- 
minds me of a little, story. 

Serving in Geneva, we had been 
assigned a residence undo: the 
landing path of Cointrm airport. 
The only protection against the 
noise was earplugs. Not knowing 
the word in French, I explained to 

tests in Bntam, eMnm« anUles.”1te understood ^bouger.” , 

Pr - Ap f Sm ^ Looking at me with soSper- 

m»s. Aaonfing to Dr. An& ^ plexity, he answered that there was 
chief symptocK of attentiOT o^t ^ fa ^ j s hf>niH 

hyperactivity efisorder -Omatten- janvaub* rabbit and practice. 


an Mr Modi, a form* «nior 
S* wo «rd» ! pta«L- Israel, dlpbmaL 


Wtr Swimming Pool - Beauty & Fitness Cen ter 
^uran t Arcades”- Night-Club “Les Caves du Roy” 
a Pbul5ignac. 83990 St Tropez. France 
Tel?SSl« 94 TOO 04 - Fax (33-1.6)94974052 


TjviNG bv the U.S.. 

i\o^ Printed in 

for Same pay 

mg, especially when the numbers 
are analyzed. The Centers for Dis- 
ease Control report that “between 
1985 and 1990 the age-adjusted ho- 

. - — * uw uuuii - 

ade rate among black males aged 
15 to 24 increased by 110 peroral, 
and the rate among white males in 
toerame age group by 40 percent. 
The infanticide rate — meaning 

■ ■ 1 F* pi * 

m 1990. The national homicide 
rate for children aged I to 4 has 
quadrupled in the last 40 years. 

What journalists are supposed to 
do about all this, except give us the 
facts, is a mystery to me. Joann 
Byrd, ombudsman of The Wash- 
ington Post, has asked some pro- 
vocative questions: “What would 
happen if The Post were constantly 
putting the sioiy on the front page 
...and constantly pestered [peo- 
ple] about what they are doing, 
what ideas they've got, what's 
working, what isn't, wbar the ex- 
perts (including the experts in the 
streets) suggest and what the num- 
bers add up to every morning?" 

S*-- *F »r. 3& ZEIXfiErdZSSSi 

that readers claim are often “more ware and a candlestick. They con- 

riderThe paper recon- chartered tour buses at one of Par- 

1 P^toig the ts’s famous public spaces and with- 

J- ■ — — XfkiWW ItlVil. 

and more crimes are being commit- 
ted by young people." 

Others among us would de-em- 
phasize crime reporting because it 
“glamorizes" c riminals and is often 
“sensationalized" to gain audi- 
ences and sell newspapers. 

But this is really not a news busi- 
ness problem. It is an American 
problem. What kind of people are 
we Americans? What kind of a 
world have we created here? 

The Washington Post. 

■j ~ , “wi uxuira 

and chairs, while the gprdien either 
shrugs or runs for help, to no avail. 
The presence of a thousand well- 
behaved people has suddenly be- 
come an accomplished fact. Even if 
regulations are being flouted, no 
harm is being done. 

So that the word wfl] not get out 
beforehand, the destination is not 
announced until all are aboard 
their respective buses and under 
way. We are sailing under sealed 
orders, so to speak, until the direc- 

are the colors of the p re- Revolu- 
tionary banner of France. “Pull 
over," he ordered the driver. 

Our director left the bus and 
returned a few minutes later with a 
shrug. “He didn't crack under tor- 
ture," somebody said. Our director 
said, “This might take a while." so 
we aD got out to stretch our legs. 

More police cars arrived, then a 
police van, which gave us pause. 
But after much back-and-forth by 
walkie-talkie, the police satisfied 
themselves that our expedition had 
no political overtones. Then, as if 
to make up for the delay, they gave 
us a motorcycle escort across the 
middle of Paris from Les Lnvalides 
to the Louvre, stopping the late 



■ MIW uvwu. ns loc ] 

] darkened, the moon came up t 
i candles flickered in the brec 
People wandered among the 
! bles chatting with their frieri 
i tbe hunting horns played m< 

- fanfares ana a snake dance will 
cast of hundreds wound its v 
around the tables. 

Then, as midnight approach 
we snuffed our candles, iolded t 
tables and chairs, swept up i 
crumbs and happily stole away. 

As lagniappe to the extravag: 
za, the police more than made 
for nearly spoiling our party 
providing three motorcyclists to 
cort us back to our original rend 
vous in the Bois de Boulogne. A 
so, with sirens roaring, we sp 
through the summer night. 

When we got to the edge of i 
Bois, three of the livelier worn 
dimbed onto the back of the mot- 
cycles for the final lap while the r 
of us cheered than on. Who but i 
French would have the wit, at sud 
time, to let tbe rules go hang? 

The evening ended under 1 
softiy rustling trees of the Be 
with the booted and helmet 
yotmg motorcyclists being emhu 
asticaHy feted with red wine, a s< 
of stirrup cup in reverse. We tea ; 
ed them and each other. The sin \ 
mer dawn was approachin g Mi ^ 
the last of us reluctantly melt v 
away, already looking forward * 
May and the arrival of next yea " 
invitation in the mail 3 

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■32, if g-jg 

temaiional Herald Tribune 
'ednesday, May IL 1994 

j p* — 



[ Dreyf 

f ?p 

us Affair: 
eratic Drama 

By David Stevens 

jn > . Irarmananal Herald Tribune 

ERL IN — A century af- 
,a . j 3 ter the first conviction of 
Captain Alfred Dreyfus 
“J.L Jr as a spy and, perhaps not 
“j coincidence, on the 49th anni- 
versary of V-E Day, the Deutsche 
^ - 3er brought its considerable rnu- 
theatrical artillery to bear on 
— c e world premiere of “Dreyfus: 
_Jie Affair.” 

. „The libretto and the idea for the 
era are by George R- Whyte, a 
born in Budapest and brought 
| a child, when his family emigrai- 
f c . to England in the late 1930s. He 
^ijimersed himself in the Dreyfus 
2jhierial for several years, and the 
(era’s appearance now as an out* 
r 5* v against racism still seems timely. 
ViJost Meier, the 55-year-old 
-^viss composer, who has four olh- 
9* operas in his catalogue, appears 
n r have absorbed most of this cen- 
*Siy's concepts of musical drama- 
lirgy and to be ready to me them 
Pit a theatrically effective wav — 
“Hid effective the score decidedly is. 
U- The libretto is laid out in two acts 

* id 14 scenes that ciy out to be 
11 dyed without interruptions, as 

* tey were here in little more than 90 
,( ,[ioutes. The action is noL chrono- 

*!gjca] or realistic, but makes liberal 
[t se of flashback and the simuliar 
^fcous playing of separate but over- 
dipping scenes. It also is limited to 
l ie five-year period between the first 
" nd second convictions, and is cor- 
L c ispondiiigly pessimistic — Drey- 
Pis's total exoneration is still in the 
iture at the final curtain, 
si For this Meier has written music 
biat depends largely on a musical 
Collage technique and what he calls 
^Stationary dramaturgy.” It also 
ivolves musical dtations — a 
Juloulin Rouge cancan and a “Mar- 
"laHaise” that absorb Jew- baiting 
hart elements, a Chopin waltz that 
■Embodies the bourgeois pressure 
'bward social assimilation, and the 
"Ringing of cantors to evoke the 
reouthful family memories, 
c The opera begins with a brief 
vlomestic scene around the dinner 
lable, brutally interrupted when a 
eiowling crowd bursts through the 
v valls and the scene abruptly be- 
iromes the ceremony of Dreyfus’s 
lffidal degradation After a brief 
cene in the prison, where Alfred 
ind his wife, Lucie, take agonized 
cave of each other, the action 
noves into nightmare-land. 

spoken lines, and throughout the 
chorus is used as an almost omni- 
present musical and dramatic pres- 
ence. The score inevitably evokes 
landmarks of 20th-cennny opera. 
The extinction of time relationships 
recalls Zunmennann’s “Die Solda- 
len." the expressionist lyricism of 
Berg’s “Lulu” is evoked in Lucie’s 
vain appeal to the Pope and in other 
scenes, and “Wozzeck” comes to 
mind in the sinister use of cabaret 
music and in the final scene, and 
when Dreyfus’s son (or is it Dreyfus 
himself as a child?) says, “Papa, 
when I grow up I want to be a 
soldier,” it has the same chilling ef- 
fect as Wozzeck's orphaned child 
hop-hopping on his bobby horse. 

Torsten Fischer staged the work 
and Andreas Reinhardt designed it 
for maximum flexibility and sugges- 
ts veriest The playing surface was a 
sloping metal grill, with Dreyfus's 
Devil's Island hole in the fore- 
ground. It was surrounded by a 
monochrome cyclorama — some- 
times yellow, the Nazi color of the 
Star of David, sometimes white — 
and walls of paper through which 
the crowd was perpetually bursting. 

As Dreyfus, the Canadian tenor 
Paul Frey displayed dramatic com- 
mitment and vocal clarity. The uni- 
formly strong cast included Aimee 
Wmis as Lucie, Artur Korn as 
Zola, Barry McDaniel as Picquan. 
Peter Gougaioff as Hemy, Peter 
Frinlmann as Esterhazy (the real 
culprit) and Hermine May as the 
cabaret Marianne who is also Es- 
terhazy’s mistress. 

Christopher Keene, director and 
chief conductor of the New York 
City Opera, and an experienced 
hand with new scores, drew fine 
playing from the house’s respon- 
sive orchestra. 


REYFUS on Devil’s 
Island is constantly 
present half buried in a 
Star of David-shaped 
j^ole, as the major historical events 
fbf his framing and trials, his fever- 
•sh memories of his earlier life and 
_ the attempts of his brother, wife 
hnd Emile Zola to free him take 
’place in a kind of dramatic and 
.musical counterpoint. 

‘ The composer makes effective use 
Of recitative, expressive lyricism and 

If “Dreyfus" in its way is an 
evocation of ibe mentality behind 
the Holocaust, another view of the 
same era was offered in the Berlin 
Kammeroper's superb production 
of Karl Amadeus Hartmann's 
“Simplicius SimpUdssimus” at the 
Hebbd Theater. 

Hartmann is a rare example of 
an artist in internal exQe during the 
Nazi era. Not Jewish, but a com- 
poser or “degenerate” music, not 
yet well known enough to attract 
attention, be composed but did not 
seek performance, except occasion- 
ally outside Germany. 

This opera is a free adaptation of 
Grimmeishausen’s picaresque tale 
of a kind of holy fool caught up in 
the horrors of the Thirty Years 
War. Hartmann's music, which he 
revised in the 1950s. is highly eclec- 
tic, ranging from the Kurt Wefll-ish 
world of Berlin cabaret to evoca- 
tions of Lutherian chorale. It is not 
hard to see it as it was surely in- 
tended, a gloss on the Nazi era. 

Henry Akina’s fast-moving stag- 
ing was impressive, and Brynmor 
Llewelyn Jones's musical leadership 
precise and firmly controlled. 

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Isabelle Adjani in a scene from "La Reine Margot France’s major contender at the Cannes Film Festival - 

Cannes: Year of Independents? 

By Joan Dupont 

Adapted from Alexandre Dumas’s novel and 
set in the 16th-centuiy France of palace in- 

huRK < tehi«< 

Aimee Willis and Paul Fre\\ above , and Hermine May 
in scenes from " Dreyfus : The Affair 

ANNES. France — More than any 
other festival Cannes banks on 
glamour — famous faces, yacht par- 
ties and gala nights. Every year, there 
is a tense moment between Hollywood and the 
festival, old if uneasy bedfellows with a conten- 
tious history, and dire predictions are made: 
The majors are pulling out; the stars, and possi- 
bly the sun. may snub Cannes. Director Gilles 
Jacob responds with a strategic tack, program- 
ming the event to show goodwill to all, especial- 
ly to the United States. 

This year's competition, winch opais Thurs- 
day and runs through May 23. with a jury 
presided over by Clint Eastwood, could be called 
a tribute to the independents, a term that refers 
to the filmmakers of low-budget films and their 
production or distribution companies, who have 
been gaining an edge on the market. Filmmakers 
like Quentin Tarantino (“Pulp Fiction"), Hal 
Hartley (“Amateur”) and John Waters (“Serial 
MonO are in the big league. Many of the movies 
that used to come to the fesuval to attract 
distribution have already been acquired by com- 
panies like Miramax, Polygram and the Samuel 
Gddwyn Company. 

The festival opens with Joel Coen’s “Hud- 
sucker Proxy.” a salute to the Coen brothers' 
brash young talent, produced by Joel Silver and 
Working Title, a branch of Polygram. That's 
the American opening. 

Friday is the big night for France, with Pa- 
trice Chereau’s “La Reine Margot.” starring 
Isabelle Adjaoi, a superproduction from 
Claude Bern's studios. And Saturday, the veter- 
an independent Alan Rudolph presents “Mis. 
Parker and the Vicious Circle,” starring Jenni- 
fer Jason Leigh and produced by Robert Alt- 
man with funding by Miramax and Fine Line. 

The people who hedge bets on Golden Palm 
awards are already talking about a contest 
between Queen Margot and Dorothy Parker — 
Adjani and Leigh, in films that are on opposite 
extremes of this year’s competition, genres that 
range from the sweeping historic epic to a focus 
on private lives. 


tailor-made for Adjani, lavishly costumed and 
coveted by Daniel AutetuL as her royal hus- 
band, Jean-Hugues An glade, as her royal and 
incestuous brother, and Vincent Perez, as her 
Protestant lover. Gtireau. a master of complex 
crowd scenes cm stage, had to deal with hun- 
dreds of extras for Margot’s marriage in Notre 
Dame cathedral and die Saint Bartholomew’s 
Day massacre. He and the screenwriter, Dan- 
tele Thompson, seem to have designed the story 
to show that they are not just talking about 
historic quarrels between French Catholics and 
Protestants, but religious conflicts and ethnic 
purification today, in Bosnia or in Rwanda. 

Minorities' problems, regal solutions are 
constants in many of the movies. Zhang Yi- 
mou's “Huozhe" (To Live) starring Gong Li — 
another Golden Palm contender — is a saga of 
a modern Chinese family; A landlord gambler 
and Iris wife lose everything to end up winners 
— for a short while — under Mao's regime. 
Ever since “Raise the Red Lantern,” Yimou 
and Gong Li are international names, and this 
story of life's cruel lottery under dictatorship 
has been sold worldwide, to the ire of Beijing. 

Asian films are in every section of the festi- 
val. Edward Yang's “Du Li Shi Dai" (A Confu- 
rian Confusion), two days in the lives of Tai- 
wanese kids, in competition: Kayo Hatta’s 
“Picture Bride," the story of a Japanese mail- 
order bride who comes to Hawaii to find not 
quite the husband she pictured, in the noncom- 
petitive Un Certain Regard section. “Neak S re” 
(People of the Rice Paddies) by Cambodian 
Rithy Panh is a first film about a family of nce- 
growers and their seven daughters. 

After adventures and misadventures in Hol- 
lywood and Moscow. Andrei Konchalovsky is 
in Cannes with “Riaba ma Poule," shot in 
eastern Russia, the scene of his 1967 “Assia's 
Happiness,” a film banned by authorities and 
only released in 1988. 

This is not the first time the brothers Mikhal- 
kov-Konchalovsky are both in competition: 

□ye Solntsem” (Autant nous biuiaztleSdal)^- 
bout a family under Stalin, in partnership, with 
a Russian technical crew. 

Marin Kararitz, producer of Krzysztof Kies- 
lowsk/s trilogy, “Blue," “While,” and “Red" (in 
competition), and of the Romanian, director Ln- 
cian Pintihe’s “Un Eli Inoubhabk," has been 
pulling off these co-productions with Easton 
Europe even before Pavel Longtime?! "Taxi 
Blues." “Red" — fraternity is the theme— is a 
Franco-Swiss coproduction, sianing Irtae Jacob 
(“La Double Vie de Veromque”) ana Jean-Laris 
Trintigrtanl Kntilie’s film, which stars Krhtm 
Scott-Thomas. takes place on the banks of Ac 
Danube during the 1920s, a drama played out 
between Romanian harder guard*, Macedonian 

smuggler s and Bulgarian villagers. • 

Joan Dupont is a Paris-based writer speridt- 
ing in the arts. 


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Designer Scenes: 6 Les Parents’ Done In by High Camp 

By Sheridan Morlev 

International Herald Tribune 



L ON DON — With 
“An Inspector Calls'' 
umpiring both in the 
West End and on Broad- 
way, it is perhaps not surprising 
that the National Theatre should 
have developed a taste for high- 
camp. director-led revivals of long- 
lost classics from the 1940s. Thus 
we now have Cocteau's *'Les Par- 
ents Terribtes” at the Lyttelton, 
and again we are asked to accept ou 
faith that it would not be enough 
for a modem audience just to re- 
vive the play as written hair a cen- 
tury ago. 

So it now starts behind a cinema 
screen, with the cast on inadequate 
radio microphones. 2 nd ends (as 
the current “The Birthday Pam" 
on that same stager with the set 
vanishing back into the darkness. 
Once aga in we have the design er {in 

this case Stephen Brunson Lewis 
working with the artist Ricardo 
Cmalli) as star, and once again it is 
the vision of the director rather 
than the author that is allowed to 
dominate throughout. 

So Cocteau’s tight liule comedy 
of incest and appalling relative val- 
ues becomes a Grand Guignol gro- 
tesquerie. with Sheila Gish and 
Frances de la Tour camping 
around as the sisters from hell and 
Alan Howard peering at them 
through his mad-iriventor goggles 
while Jude Law and Lvnsey Baxter 
complete the cast as the doomed 
young lovers. 

It is indeed possible that, unlike 
"An Inspector Calls.” “Les Parents 
Terribles” is unrevivabie as written 
or originally produced, though Pa- 
risian experience might suggest 
otherwise. What is clear is that if 
you load an always fragile piece 
with this much director-designer 
“concept,” it is bound to look over- 
blown and vaguely ludicrous, a vast 

theatrical machine from which a 
little tiny obsessive comedy of in- 
cest and death set in the junk room 
of the heart is frantirally signaling 
to be let oul 

In an age of director's theater, 
however talented, pity the poor 
playwright, dead and past com- 

At the Strand. Michael Palm's 
first stage play. ''The Weekend," 
turns out to be a suburban English 
“Death of a Salesman" for the mat- 
inee crowd. Richard Wilson, also in 
his West End debut, re-creates his 
popular local TV-siteom grouch at 
the head of a somewhat dysfunc- 
tional family recollected by its au- 
thor with a rare mixture of nostal- 
gia and nausea. 

But this dysfunctional is not 
like the Cocteau version: nothing 
like incest here, just a disgruntled 
chiropodist and a plot concerned 
with little more than the prepara- 
tion and demolition of a dinner 

party. Uneasily trapped between 
the Alans Ayckbourn and Bennett, 
Palin seems uncertain whether to 
condemn or celebrate his all-too 
recognizable scenes from domestic 
life, and as a result, “The Week- 
end” only flickers briefly to life 
when the father is allowed his Willy 
Leman speech about the way that 
“there was once someone alive in- 
side me.” 

Elsewhere a desperately thin 
but what once was called “well- 
observed” comedy is fatally 
flawed by apparent tricks of mem- 
ory: Palm can never quite bring 
himself to decide whether these 
are truly appalling people who de- 
serve the pain they cause each oth- 
er, or whether they are a funda- 
mentally well-meaning and 
harmless group of relatives and 
neighbors who just happen some- 
how to have got on the wrong side 
of life and can no longer find the 
map back to happiness. 

"The Weekend" is a vague, me- 

andering, noncommittal domestic 
detail, apparently written, directed 
and played with a perpetually apol- 
ogetic shrug of self-denial and ex- 
cuses for absence. 

Moved into the West End from a 
regional tour in the belief, probably 
correct, that London is so starved 
for good stage thrillers that even a 
weak one is better than nothing, 
Terence Frisby’s "Rough Justice” 
(at the Apollo) plays almost all its 
trump cards in the first scene. 
There we leant that a brain-dam- 
aged baby has been mercy-killed 
with a cushion. What follows is 
therefore not a whodunit or even a 
whydunit, but a somewhat labori- 
ous examination of subsequent 
court and legal procedures. 

There are virtually only four 
characters here: a judge (Alan Do- 

Shaw) and his understandably dis- 
traught wife (Sarah Berger). Bat 
once be has introduced that all to 
us. and told us of the tragedy that 
has led to a murder prosecoiiaa. 
Frisby has nowhere mudrto 
except into a trial that has 
been concluded in advance. 

Sure there are debating pant* 
here, over intent and the mffaaice 
between mercy-kiJIing, mansfai^D- 
ter and murder. But we a re nwy 
really given enough background, 
nor depth of character, to carevo) 
deeply about any of it, and “Rots® 
Justice," if it is about anyttofe 
would seem to be a rather hw 1 - 
hearted plea for more hnnanity 
and less police proceduralisHi ® 
our courts. 

bic). eager to preserve the majesty 
te law; a prosecuting counsel 

of the law; a prosecuting counsel 
with strong right-io-life beliefs ( Di- 
ana Quick), and the parents, a star- 
ry television journalist (Martin 

But that is hardly a novel 
and we need a few’more twists ® 
the tale if any king of tension is to 
be sustained through Robin Her- 
ford's workmanlike but way toff- 
tension production. 



By James W. Hall. ?”/ oa»es. 
521.95. Delacortc. 

Reviewed by 
David Nicholson 

J AMES W. Hall’s new novel, is a 
Florida thriller, with all of the 
virtues, and all of the flaws, of thai 
well-established subgenre. Its prac- 
titioners' formulas vary — the au- 
gust Elmore Leonard is noted for 
his trademark snappy dialogue, 
while Carl Hiaasen is prone 10 
quirky, bizarre humor — but there 
are common dements to the recipe. 
Take one suntanned hero (some- 
times a troubled but plucky wom- 
an 1 living happily at Lhc margins: 
stir in a crisis provoked by devious 
villains (organized crime or big 
business); season with the lu>n 
landscape, and add a dash of out- 
rage at the rape of the Florida envi- 

“Mean High Tide” includes all 

of these elements, but to reduce the 
novel to them is not to disparage 
Hall, He is a talented writer who 
effortlessly tosses off vivid descrip- 
tions. The details of his characters' 
lives iu the Florida Keys are right 
on. and his plots are compe lling 
enough to keep you reading long 
past bedtime. True, from tune to 
lime, as in the second chapter when 
one character has a presentiment of 
her death. Hall leu the English ma- 
jor show. Just before Darcy Rich- 
ards enters the water to go snoricel- 
ing. she imagines a shark following 
her and thinks. “Time’s finned 

himself the subject of a murder 
attempt. Much complicated busi- 
ness follows. There is a not-so-fair 
young maiden. Sylvie Winchester, 
who, like some character from a 
fairy tale, seduces men and then 
watches them die trying to free her 
from her father. The father. Hard- 
en Winchester, obsessed with his 
former wife, has hatched a compli- 
cated scheme to ruin her second 
husband and, not coincidentally, 
wreak havoc on the Florida seas. 

Much of this is eminently satisfy- 

ing. Half knows how to drive a plot, 
and the hits, as they used to say on 
Top 40 radio, just keep on coming. 

The trouble, though, is that 
Thorn isn’t very likable. A classic 
mystery hero who lives by a code 
where “only conduct counted. Be- 
havior was everything," Thom is 
supposed to be a man driven 10 
desperate measures by grief. In- 
stead. he comes off too often as an 
insensitive jerk, a pseudo-Heming- 
way, lacking even a leavening of 
humor and self-awareness. 

Hall, it's dear, is writing what he 
wants to write, and wishing he'd 
bring his flair with words and in- 
sight to a novel about ordinary peo- 
ple living ordinary lives is like' wish- 
ing a composer of exquisitely 
crafted popular songs would write 
a sonata. 

But the mystery genre imposes 
particular limns on those who write 
within it. chief among them stem- 
ming from the Tact that we contin- 
ue to road a series because of the 
main character. He (or she> can't 

change too much from book £ 
book; otherwise he’s no longer 
character that caught our aCWK®; 
At the end of “Mean High Tide. 
Thorn is once s p in on the walff. 
with a new gLrtfnend and tiw P"® - 
ise of a partnership with Sugar®®- 
He’ll probably be bad. Unfor®! 
natefy. I’m not sure T 
enough to want to make the iet®“ 

David Nicholson's reviews 
regularly in The Washington }®xl 

To our neoders i n Luxemboum j 

It's never beer, eraer -3 aisenbe 
t*id save, Jim cdl 

0800 2703 I 

Darcy's death is the engine that 
sets the plot in motion. The police 
think it was an accident — hunting 
a lobster. Darcy got her hand 
caught in a crevice and ran out of 
air before sbe could free herself. 
Soon, however, our hero. Thom] 
begins to believe his girifriend’s 
death was murder. His sidekick. 
Sugarman. half Jamaican, half 
Norwegian, as well as a former 
sheriffs deputy turned private de- 
lective, points out that Darcy’s in- 
l unes are characteristic or a hand- 
lock. as ir she’d reached into the 
crevice and somebody had held her 


The New Ysri Ttnm 

Tbi» hji i$ based on reports from rnnrc than 

Crichton .... 



IDOO bwk*i«es ihroujlwui the United Stela. 
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n «■ in 


The grieving Thorn begins his 
investigation, then, and becomes 


CY. hv Junes RcdDcM 


Higgins Go* 

3 “tens FOR KILLER, by Sue 

Gralion - 

ROW. by Allan Folsom 

SON COUNTY, by Robert 
James Waller - 

6 THE ALIENIST, by Caleb 

Cut ...._ - 

7 LOVERS, bv Judilh Kf»B .. 

8 DISCLOSURE, by Mfrtiarf 


BEND, by Robert J 

let .. 



OLATE. bv Laura Esquivel .. 13 

M 27 

14 ON 


. J H 

GROUND, bv Jock Hiuub 
end. Forsyth 



LIGHT, by BcUy J. Eadie with 
Cuniv Toylnr . ' 

2 REBA- My Story, by Rdu 

I S2 

1 TU^'nnnil'* 1 ' J"" ^CT . 

3 £ 00t f OF VIRTUES, 
by William J. Bcnncil 



by John Be rend r _. 

5 S2L WED,E - h ^ & ^“ 

CAFE, by Robert James' WjJ. 

7 DATA’S DIARY, hv zu, 

8 DIPLOMACY! bv H-inn itiv 

wn*er • 

8X MATK ' K 7W 

" ?W- Db ? T .¥ l’«6ht . ^ 

Dnnruon Brinkley u,ith p^j 

12 HAVINiToUR say. bv Sj 



rah and A. EHzabmb Debay ^ 
with Amy HID Hearth- — IJ 
NOW, by Maya Angelou 12 


THE WOLVES, by Clarissa ^ 
Piukota Estes 11 


DOGS, by Elizabeth Mantua 


- I 4 

advice. HOW-TO 


ROSIE, by Rosie Daley . 

2 MAGIC EYE, by N. E.Ttao* 


emerprues - — 

3 MAGIC EYE 11. by N. & 
Thing Eniawises — - — ---r 


I » 

NUS, by John Gray 

1 jo})! 

N OT all of the films are made of snri} 
hard stuff, but even the comedies 
have a melancholy twist Private 
lives are exposed in Nanni Mcm- 
ti’s “Caro Diario,” an auteur's matings an cities 
and islands, movies and television, (Erectors 
dead and alive, and on his own brush witii 
death. Rudolph’s “Mrs. Parker” is a battle of 
legendary wits and a study of their sadder 
moments. Giuseppe Tomatore’s “Una Pure 
Formalita," stars Roman Polanski and Girard 
Depardieu in a confrontation between a police 
inspector and a writer, caught in his web. Mi- 
chel Blanc's “Grosse Fatigue” is a comedy cm 
the private-public Eves of stars, with Ibe actor 
and Carole Bouquet playing their own rales— 
and bolding tip a mirror to the festival public. 

The festival itself is a mirror: in heroic times, it 
championed Antonioni, Tarkovsky and Wajda, 
and it has always stood by its renegade offspmg. 
It is a festival that thrives on difficulty and 
confrontation, family feuds and reconahatk&, 
so the show will go on without Spike Lee, 
without the majors — at least for the time-being 
— but with movies that reflect the worid today. 

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North America 

Apprta. mnigtitlng: 26% 
Ooso: 9225 Piw.: 9131 

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Approx. wdgMIng: 5% 
Oosa: 102.44 

DJFMAM djfmam 

TTwjWw mete U.S. doflsr valuers of stocks 4* Tokyo, Now York, London, and 
Argentina, AustraB*. Austria, Belgium, Bmzfl, Cnada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, 
France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Mexico, Nattwtnde. New Zealand, Norway, 
Smgepore, Spain, Sweden, Swftzartand end Vaneawie. For Tokyo, Now York and 
London, tha index fa composed of As SO top issues in terms of market carktaUzation. 
otherwise the ten up stocks are tracked. 

| Industrial Sectors 

















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Consumer Goods 












For more information about tie Index, a booklet is anSabia hoe of charge. 

Write to Trib Index. 181 Avenue Charles do BmrUe, 92521 NeuSfy Codex, France. 

O Irtemefanal Herald Tribune 

Bonds Set 
In Motion 

Treasury Auction 
Ignites Rallies 

NEW YORK. — Slocks rallied 
on Tuesday after the U.S. bond 
market posted early gains in the 
wake of be tier-th an -expected bid- 
ding at a Treasury bond auction. 

The Dow Jones industrial index 
closed with a gain of 27.37 points, 
at 3,656.41. At ‘one point in the 
session it bad risen as high as 

Advancing issues outpaced de- 
clines by about 13 to 9 on the New 
York Stock Exchange. Trading was 
active, and volume on the Big 
Board's floor was calculated at 
295.17 million shares, up from 
250. S3 million on Monday. 

The benchmark 30-year Trea- 
sury beard was quoted at 85 11/32, 
up 1 13/31 The yield slipped to 
7.50 percent from 7.63 percent. 

The credit markets posted solid 
gains after the Treasury auctioned 
about J17 billion in three-year 
notes and dealers said the bondand 
stock markets appeared to be re- 
lieved after days of trepidation that 
the auction might have attracted 
little interest. 

The Dotes were sold at an aver- 
age yield of 6.54 percent, slightly 
bdow expectations. 

Some analysts, however, stressed 
the outlook for ihe auction had been 
so bleak against the current back- 
drop of rate uncertainty that it was 
not hard to find more demand for 
the notes than had been expected. 

“Today is simply a reaction to 
the bond' market,” said Ricky Har- 
rington, senior vice president at In- 
terstate/ Johnson Lane, “I would 
doubt that this rally could cany on 
more than one to two days. Stocks 
are still captive to bonds.” I 

He said that the rally reflected 1 
technical forces at work and repre- 
sented a reflex action after four 
days of retreating stock prices. 

A number of the stalwart blue 
chips, including Caterpillar, AT&T. 
General Motors, IBM and Interna- 
tional Paper helped lift the market 

See STOCKS, Page 10 

China to Unionize 
Foreign Firms 
Over Next 2 Years 

p<*g< !| 

BBC I .inks With Pearson 
In Global T V Expansion 

Compiled by Ovr Staff From Dispatch** 

BELTING — China, citing 
what it called serious labor 
abuses, said Tuesday it planned 
to unionize all foreign-funded 
companies in the next two years 
to protect Chinese workers. 

The official Xinhua news 
agency quoted Yang Xingfu. 
vice-chairman of the All-China 
Federation of Trade Unions, as 
saying that less than 10 percent 
of the 47,000 foreign-funded 
concerns, which employ about 
6 million Chinese, have unions. 

He said that many investors 
supported unions, especially 
among large or medium-sized 
companies, but claimed that 
there were serious problems 
among some s mall companies. 
He said they often force staff to 
work overtime, do not taeed la- 
bor safety rules and deliberately 
find fault with workers to cut 
wages oi fine them. 

In November, 84 women died 
in a fire at a Hong Kong doll 
factory in south China that kept 
windows and all but one door 
locked to prevent theft. Anoth- 
er fire in a Taiwanese- run fac- 

tory a month later in eastern 
China killed 61 workers. 

Mr. Yang said that unions 
should be set up in all foreign 
ventures in major development 
zones, currently concentrated 
on the east coast, by the end of 
this year and within two years 
for the country as a whole. 

Mr. Yang said the the action 
was necessary due to a “grow- 
ing number dr labor disputes in 
foreign-funded enterprises." 
Foreign-funded companies in- 
clude those wholly owned by 
foreigners, joint ventures with 
foreign investment, and foreign 
franchise ventures. 

Xinhua's report did not clari- 
fy whether the unions would 
cover the thousands of unregis- 
tered migrant laborers who are 
often cheaply employed in for- 
eign companies, especially in 
ventures funded by interests in 
Taiwan and Hong Kong. 

Chinese news reports have 
said that local officials are re- 
luctant to crack down on abu- 
sive foreign companies for fear 
they might relocate. 

{Reuters, AP, AFP) 

Jiang Voices Confidence 

Imemattorwl Herald Tribune 

BEIJING — President Jiang 
Zemin said Tuesday that C hina 
needed to bolster its legal sys- 
tem and enforcement practices 
to protect and advance foreign 
investment across the country. 

Mr. Jiang, addressing a dele- 
gation of major multinational 
companies, conceded that “cer- 
tainly there will be difficulties” 
in melding socialism with a 
market economy. But he said he 
was confident china would suc- 
ceed over time. 

In view of the “realities” in 
China, Mr. Jiang said, “we 
should make a continuous ef- 
fort to increase the rale of law 
in our country" in order to im- 
prove the investment climate. 

His comments come as Beij- 
ing is struggling to slow its 
economy and cut inflation 
while reasserting economic con- 
trol over the provinces and 
maintaining social stability. 

Mr. Jiang welcomed the 
heads of four corporations who 
are the chief sponsors of a 
“1994 China Summit” orga- 
nized by China's State Commis- 
sion for Restructuring Econom- 
ic Systems and the 
International Herald Tribune. 

The conference, which begins 
Wednesday, will bring togefher 
more titan 500 foreign and Chi- 
nese businessmen and govern- 
ment officials to discuss the role 
of foreign business in China. 

By Richard W. Stevenson 

Sew York Timer Service 
LONDON — Jn an effort to 
Increase its share of rapidly grow- 
ing television markets around the 
world, the BBC said Tuesday that it 
plans to create news and entertain- 
ment channels in Europe, Asia and 
the United States. 

The BBC said its international 
expansion, which will put it in more 
direct competition with the tikes of 
Ted Turner, Rupert Murdoch and 
the American broadcast networks, 
nil! lake place through a partner- 
ship with Pearson PLC. one of Brit- 
ain's largest media companies. 

The partnership's first venture, in 
which Pearson will invest as much as 
S45 million, will be two satellite- 
delivered channels in Europe. One 
will be an all-news network and the 
other an entertainment network.. 
They are scheduled to go cm the air 
by the end of the year. 

Although no firm plans have 
been set. the BBC and Pearson are 
also considering a wide range of 

China to Launch 
Foreign Satellites 

The Associated Press 

BEIJING — China will launch 30 
fraeign-owned satellites over the 
next seven years, officials said Tues- 
day. a surprisingly high figure that 
suggests Oiina's commercial space 
program has become successful. 

The figure of 30 foreign satellites 
was much higher than previously 
disclosed estimates. One known 
customer is Motorola Inc., the 
U.S.-based communications com- 
pany that last year said it planned 
to send 66 satellites into space on 
various carriers to create a global 
mobile telephone network. Motor- 
ola has not said exactly how many 
of its satellites China will launch. 

Another customer will be 
Hughes Communications Interna- 
tional Inc., a subsidiary of General 
Motors Corp. Hughes signed a con- 
tract in February with China’s 
commercial launch company. 
Great Wall Industry, to put il 
Hughes-built satellites into space 
over the next 12 vears. 

other opportunities around the 
world for news and entertainment 
channels, children's programming 
and educational and documentary 
networks, executives said. 

The move comes at a time when 
government deregulation oi broad- 
casting and the rapid development 
of satellite and cable technology 
has set off a global stampede by 
programmers and broadcasters to 
establish new networks. 

Mr. Murdoch's News Corp. cf 
Australia has invested heavily in 
satellite-delivered services such as 
BSkyB in Britain and STAR TV in 


Mr. Turner’s Turner Broadcast- 
ing Co. is making a big push to 
establish Cable News Network 
around the world, and is Lrying to 
become a competitor in entertain- 
ment television with its Cartoon 
Network and TNT movie channel 
in Europe. 

NBC purchased a pan-European 
broadcaster, now called NBC Super 
Channel. Capital Cities/ABC has 

acquired a string of European j- 

gram producers and cable oetwt 1 c 

The BBC, although state-ou *a 

and advertising-free in its h il 
market, is under increasing p n 
sure from the British goveran 
to develop additional reveaia 
help finance its operations. 

it has long had international , 
dio and television broadcasts, 
in television has increasingly fo 1 
itself scrambling to keep up ' f 
better-financed rivals. The BE 
World Service Television, for 1 
ample, can no longer be sec ' 
much of Asia even as Mr. Murd « 
is building a big presence tl £ 
through STAR TV. 

“In commercial terms, the B p 
as a brand is respected around s 
globe,” said Bob Phillis, the BB > 

deputy director-general. “Bril . 
has an unrivaled reputation Ij 
high-quality programming. F 1 
duction levels are the highest c ” 
side Japan and the UiL and ' f 

See BBC, Page 10 1 ] 

Big Order for Airbus \ 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches ^ 

MONTREAL — Air Canada said Tuesday it has signed a letter o 3 
intent io acquire 25 Airbus A-319 aircraft with an option to buy 1< 
more. The order would make Air Canada the largest North Ameri l 
can operator of Airbus aircraft by 1998. r 

The new models of the twin-engine, jet aircraft, which have a so * 
called fly-away price of about S39 million each, will replace Ai e 
Canada’s existing fleet of 35 McDonnell-Douglas DC-9 aircraft, tin 
airline said The DC-9s entered service in 1967. I 

A key reason why the Airbus A-319 was cboseu over other aircraf ■ 
was its similarity to the Airbus A-320, of which there are 34 in Ai) 
Canada’s fleet, said Kym Robertson, a spokesman for the airline 
Deliveries of the new planes are expected to begin in December 1 996 1 
Air Canada said its decision to buy the Airbus aircraft will alsr 
result in a review of its plans to modernize the DC-9 jets. Tht ! 
modernization was intended to extend the operating life of the olda 
planes beyond 2000 . 

Earlier this year. Air Canada placed an order for six wide- body 
Airbus A-340sl and took options on three additional models of the . 
four-engine planes. 

Miss Robertson said the A-319 and A-320 aircraft use the same' 
engine, and that pilots can be trained on the same simulator. ' 
reducing maintenance and training costs. The engines are built by 
CFM International I no, a joint venture of SNECMA, the French 
state aeronautics company, and the U.S.-based General Electric Co. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 


CNN Passes Around the Mike 

By Sarah Veal 

Special to the Herald Tribune 

A TLANTA — To the more suspicions 
media-watchers, CNN is a new kind of 
Kg Brother. But at the World Report 
Contributors Conference held last week 
at the CNN Center in Atlanta, the cable news 
station could almost pass as a kindly unde. What- 
ever the case maybe, the symbiosis between CNN 
and its independent World Repent contributors 
might be unique in the media world 
World Report, which was begun in October 
1987, is the “ope® make" of global television. Any 
TV journalist or station can become a contributor 
simply by sending in a videocassetle. If it is techni- 
cally possible, the 5 hn will be aired, imcensored. 
To paraphrase Andy Warhol everyone gets to 
have his two and a half minutes. 

“We don't make judgment calls. We fed these 
reports are a reflection of fife-and the state of 
information and ideas m these countries. I don t 

have the right to say sranet^ is prop^ida and 

doesn’t meet the standards of jOTmatem m the 
WteL Everyone and every country has a bias andwe 

don't attempt to judge *at btas ' f ^ r S a SJ^ k ’ 
mham. the executive producer of World Report. 
aSr^rieto balance the more bfciant propa- 
lwwewr by using the lead-m to . present 
i^^soliciting atape from the opposition. In 
of CyprusT forrtample.Jhc two parts of 

£ |W0 djfetan. cotmlnes, 


13^425 reports have been shown. ■ 

“The global media is only interested in develop- 
ing countries when there is a coup or a natural 
disaster said Robert Royer, producer of Jamaica 
Broadcasting Co. “CNN’s World Report allows us 
to present our own views to the global audience.” 

Uucensored and unhomogentzed. World Report 
has, for the past seven years, offered some of the 
most unusual programming around but it can 
require a good deal of patience. 

*World Report is the most brilliant concept in 
world journalism today, but my idea of punish- 
ment is to sit down and watch a whole program,” 
said Stewart Krohn, general manager of Channel 5 
TV in Befize. 

The show, which in the early years sometimes 
had an original and quirky quality, has acquired 
more ooMl A six-week (raining program is held 
four times a year at the CNN Cotter in Atlanta to 
provide journalists with technical training. 

“These people come to CNN headquarters as if 
they are coming to Oz said Richard Shafer, a 
jour nalism professor at Texas A&M University. 

“These are the very people who would have been 
yetting im perialism and colonialism not so long 
ago, but any one of them would insist that he is not 
being manipulated," he said. “Ifs a new world and 
the biggest ideology wins. The ideology of journal- 
istic professionalism and unbiased factual report- 
mg is going to spread.". . , 

‘ April 1994, 

them to sidestep political pressures at home. 

“Our government is not about to put up a 
satellite for us and, if they did, they would lean on 
us,” said Anthony Fraser, a news editor at Trini- 
dad & Tobago Television. 

“They watch their step now because they are 
afraid we wfll do a CNN World report on them,” 
said Edmund Katin, managing director of Cabel- 
sat TV in Uganda. 

U.S. Opposes 
Trade Talks 
In Singapore 

Bloomberg Business Ne ny 

SINGAPORE — Singapore re- 
sponded unhappily on Tuesday io 
an American derision to oppose 
bedding an important trade confer- 
ence in the dry-state. 

The U.S. trade representative, 
Mickey Kantor, said late Monday 
that the United States opposed Sin- 
gapore's offer to hold the first min- 
isterial meeting of the new World 
Trade Organization. Mr. Kantor 
linked the U.S. stance to the caning 
last week of an 1 8-year-old Ameri- 
can, Michael Fay, for vandalism. 
UJ5. officials had protested that the 
punishment was too harsh. 

The opposition to Singapore's 
bid was the first known retaliation 

" Michael Tay, a Foreign Ministry 
spokesman, said Singapore regret- 
ted Mr. Kan tor’s statement. He 
said the World Trade Organiza- 
tion, not the United States, should 
deride where to hold its meeting. 

“Singapore’s bid to hold the 
minis terial conference still stands,” 
he said. 

The US. move came to light 
when reporters asked Mr. Kantor 
whether Washington, during a trade 
meeting Iasi month, in Morocco, had 1 
objected to Singapore's bid to host 
the meeting because of the caning, 

“The United States thinks the 
trade ministerial should be held 
somewhere else,” Mr. Kantor said. 
“I made myself quite dear in Mar- 
rakesh on that issue.” 

Our Philosophy of Banking 
Goes Back 4,000 Years. 

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I t was the ancient traders 
who iirsc established 
many of today s banking 
practices. They accepted 
funds for safekeeping. 
Bartered goods for services. 
And extended credit. Ir was 
a business based on trust, 
and a handshake contract 
was binding. 

The world has changed 
immeasurably since then, 
but Republic National Bank 
still holds ro the principles 

lthrearaw US 8.40 


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Lynch. Bonk of Tokyo. Commerzbank 
Cetetiwed Mooloav, Cnkttt Lvonnais. 


AM. PM. Cn-ge 

Zurich 387 (W 38005 — <O 0 

Ijtwhw 301 45 380.15 -005 

New York 38200 379J0 — ISO 

US. doUan per ounce. London oftlctol tr* ■ 
km; Zurich and New York 0 ocatoe ana cka 
matrices: New York Comen fJunel 
Source: Homers. 

established nearly four -mil- 
lennia ago. 

We believe in the primacy 
of personal relationships, the 
importance of trust and the 
protection of depositors’ 
funds. This emphasis has 
made us one of the world’s 
leading private banks. 

As a subsidiary of Safra 
Republic Holdings S.A. and 
an affiliate of Republic New 
York Corporation, we’re 
part of a global group with 



timeless Values. Traditional strength. 

HEAD OFFICE: i»6NE*‘* ^04 ' ?. PLACE DU LAC • TEL. 1022 1 70S 55 55 • FOREX: i0Z2 1 703 55 SO AND GENEW 1201 - Z. RUE DR. ALFHED-VINCENT iCORNElT 
0UAI DU MONT- BLANC. BRANCHES; LUGANO 6901 • |, VIA CANOVA ■ TEL. !09!> 23 85 32 • ZURICH 8039 - STOCKERSTRASSE 37 • TEL (01 1 288 16 IB • 



more than US$5.6 billion 
in capital and US$50 billion 
in assets. These assets con- 
tinue ro grow substantially, 
a testament to the group's 
strong balance sheet, risk- 
averse orientation and 
century-old heritage. 

Though cuneiform tablets 
have given way to modem 
computers, the timeless qual- 
ities of safety, service and 
personal integrity will always 
be at the heart of our bank. 

lge 10 



Via AtuxiaN-d Prirv 

The Dow 

> Jones Averages 


Daily closings of the 
Dow Jones industrial average 

Open W tow to*l Dip. 
indui 3*58 4? 34*657 3*78.45 36S6.4I 


tow Lost 5 Ft) If oro 

Trwu IJJSJJ li-WO 1588 67 I 5 TJ -70 <■£ 

UM 184 4 J lWB 8 180 OO IB 3 . 5 + - 0.70 
Carr.n 1281.52128188 1272.60 1 J 79 W - 4.60 

mptlcd hr Our Siajf From DispuiAiii 

'JEW YORK — While in teres I- 
i speculation helped the U.S. 
lar and weighed on European 
rencies Tuesday. the Australian 
lar rose after being buffeted by 
unveiling of the government's 
iget plan for 1 WJ, 
n late trading in New York, the 
slraJian dollar rose to 72.41 l'.S. 
its from 72.01 cents Monday, 
fhe government said Tuesday its 

Foreign Exchange 

> 4-95 budget should shave about 
percent from the country's dem- 
and should result in 4.5 percent 
■wth in gross domestic product, 
lut the Australian dollar's initial 
ction to the budget was negative 
t slipped as low as 7 1 .80 cents in 
.an trading. 

‘A couple of things were on the 
h side for the market's taste." 
ve North, a foreign-exchange 
tier at Chase Manhattan Bank 
J of the budget projections, 
rhe Australian government also 
■dieted gross domestic product 
•wth of 4.25 percent in the 19 ** 5 - 
>6 fiscal year, and of 4.0 percent 
the following two years, 
rhe higher growth, including an 
wcled surge in business invest- 

ment. would pay for the govern- 
ment's increased spending plans on 
emplovmenL since taxes were not 
raised and there were no spending 
cuts to speak of. 

■•This is where the market will be 
concerned." said Danielle Press, a 
Svdney-based economist. “Those 
growth forecasts further out look a 
little high for comfort, and there 
wilt be disappointment at the lack 
of cuts." 

This fiscal looseness woujd put 
the onus on monetary policy to 
control future inflation, with nega- 
tive omens for bonds. 

The lack of tax rises in the bud- 
get means that the Australian op- 
position parties should have little 
reason to attempt to block it. Last 
vear they caused chaos by holding 
up a tax-raising budget for months. 

“This budget should gel through 
unscathed, which means the mar- 
ket can wave goodbye to all those 
worries about a repeat of Iasi year's 
fiasco." said Rory Robertson, an 
economist at Bankers Trust. 

Bonds would still be vulnerable 
to the vagaries of the U.S. Treasury 
market, he said, bul the Australian 
dollar could expect further gains. 

“It should he plain sailing Tor the 
A ussi e f rom here." I Reuters. 

AFX. Knight- Riddcr. Bloomberg) 

I Standard A Poor’s Indexes 



SP 400 

sp ioa 

High Law Close Ch-ge 
552,12 517 .D 6 K 105 + 199 
383.74 18233 J84J7 + t.f» 
152.15 150 . 1 ! 151.80 + 1.25 
4387 4112 43.70 + 0J8 
446 JJ 4 44U3S 4 + 6.01 4 - Hfl 

414.43 407J7 41149 + 4.12 

NYSE Indexes 

LOW Last On. 

i Cameo, '■? 

747.31 245.33 346.44 -1.41 
305.51 302.76 304 67 -1.91 
?4J S3 J4I.S 3J7.+3 - 1.37 
30173 201 XT M3 11 -1.14 

200.80 70*-’ 1 708,44 i n 


I Bn) ASk 

Dollars Kr melnt ion 
Soot 1305-5CJ 130650 

Forward 133100 I1MJ0 

Dallprt per melne Son 
coal TlTeSQ 207750 

Forward 206P.30 3MQJ0 


Dolicrs per meirlc ;on 
5 oof WJf 4*350 

Forward 479 00 480.00 


Dalian per meirlc Ion 
£601 5760.00 5765.00 

Forward 505.00 58*0-00 


Dollar* per metric Ion 
SpcI 5381 00 5388X0 

Forward 54X500 SiSOHO 

ZINC (Special Hran Grade) 
Dollars per metric ton 

SP01 94X50 945X0 

Forward 9*600 9*7.00 



1301 00 130250 
132850 1329.00 

205550 205650 
2056 00 2057 X 10 

46)50 4*250 
478.00 479.00 

Alia I 5 S 25 I 54 .QU IS 4 JJ 0 154 X 3 — 0.75 

Sep 15740 <5550 158.00 15600 — J- 7 S 

Oct 157 SI 15125 158-50 158 . 7 S — 15 D 

No* 141.00 »6050 16050 16050 

Dec 1*150 1 * 1.75 182.00 liZOO -J-* 

Jan 14250 162 J 0 102-00 67-00 — 

M N T H.T. N.T. 16075 -- 0.75 
«u£ 1 5850 15050 15850 15 M 0 -W 

Esl. volume: 1 1-257 . Open W. 79,79* 
Brent Crude 0 « prices 
iti is edition Manor c+ technical nroWem*. 

5760.00 5770.00 
£835 00 5040 00 


I US. dollars per BorreHots ol MOB Bonfls 

Jon t*JD 16.00 16.03 1 Bj02 — 0J0 

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IBM and Apple Scold Joint Venture 

mountain VIEW, California iBIoomberg) - lmeraauonal Busi- 

.“C” ***???■•..** 

multimedia offspring. igM and Apple toId Kaldda to ckii26 


percent of rts stair mgreins audio, video and other multimedia 

pr °^S)ut^ Kaleida will stop working on operating wflwara for set- 
t^SSS^SL that wSuld bring semces such 

*BSte ,S 3 Hop all «> efforli and ^ ScripOv, out 

the door." an IBM spokesman said Tuesday. . . •/. . . 

5355.00 5345.00 
5 X 20 00 5425 X 10 

45550 956 X 0 
977.00 970.00 

15.45 15.70 1872 1572 —010 

1557 15.60 15 X 8 15 x 8 — MJ 7 

1682 15.66 15 X 4 5 n — gig 

15 X 2 > 5.67 15 X 7 15 . 7 ! — «M 

1183 15 X 2 15 X 7 1672 —804 

T 6 T. NT. N.T. 1 SJ 3 — 8 OT 

N.T. N.T. N.T. 15 X 3 — 0 X )9 

SmithKline Plans Generic Tagamet 

Ell. volume- 53 , 450 . Open kit. 161 JH 


Stock Indexes 

N D J F M A M 
1993 1994 

I NASDAQ Indexes 

Hjqh Low Lad Ql5L 

NYSE Most Actives 





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MOlOf las 
Enter BY 
SoulnCo * 

High Low 

53=. S7V. 

I Ccmaajilc 

I iniwamro 

779.03 724 52 774 J2 - I.S6 
7 <7 65 751 16 751.14 —0 02 
697 *4 694 57 647.64 -7.64 
093 97 88815 080.66 -0X6 
90 5 40 V03.&J 905.09 3.10 

7H.S4 711.4* 711.96 — 5X» 

5* 1 . H ■ 
29 1 . : 

AMEX Stock Index 






Esanooo ■ 

. at* of TOO pel 


94 *4 

94 JT 


+ OJM 



94 23 


+ 005 





+ 0.05 





+ 0.06 





+ OM 



92 JP 


+ 0X6 





+ 0J6 



91 JS 


+ 0.07 





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+ 0.04 



90 78 

90 BO 

+ 007 


90. S3 



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Es*. volume. SJXS'.Ooen ml.. 510J5S 

High Low Close Change 
FTSE 186 tLlFFEl 

C23 per lndeK oolni . , 

Jill, 31210 31010 314*0 +«X 

! Sen 316*0 3174.0 31*00 +«X 

SSc N.T. N.T. 3173J +43-0 

Est. volume: i7J4i Open InL: SL561 


High Law Last Chg. 
435 40 433X3 435.14 —0.33 

Dow Jones Bond Averages 

94. 9 T 



+ 0JB1 


94 23 


— DOI 




+ 007 








— 101 






^f ,0erl ^r 205.00 216100 + 27X0 

5S r 5)Sm 211900 7145.00 +27J0 

jff 2IZ7X0 2110JO 2141^ +^-"0 

Seo 2l«7 BO 2I34JS0 HiiO-W +£-2S 

Dec 2173XH 2172.50 2190X0 +77.00 

Mar NT. NX 221HJJ0 +27JJ0 

ESI. volume: 79J29.0Pen ini.: 7X4*6. 
sources ■ Malif A ssaciored P r e s s. 

London mrt Financial Future* Exchange. 
Inn Petroleum Erchanoc. 

LONDON (Reuters) — SmithKline Beechara PLC «id oh Tuesday 
that it would market a generic version of the drug Tagamet in -the-.U oiled 
States, just dans before the anii-ulcer drug los^ patent &XL- - 

Two indepebdem manufacturers. Mylan Laboratxjnes lnc. andNovtv- 
□harm, already have received U.S. appiwal » mantel che^> generic 
conies of Tagaraei. Drug analysis said SmithKline sonove would he^it 
protect volumes in the face of the flood of cheap copses. 

V SmithKline said the product would be manufactured under the label of 
its wholly owned subsidiary. Penn Labs Inc. Penn late will supply 
generic rime ti dine, the active component of Tagamet,- to. Lederle Stan- 
dard Products, a unit of American Cyanaraid Co„ and will also supply 
generic rimetidine under its own label - - ‘ 

Grace to Sell Units for $700 Million 

Mar H.T. N.T. 41*6 

Jim 9321 4J2I 43.17 

SOP N.T. N.T. "2.44 

Esl. volume: 597 Docn ml.: 4X72 


23 Bona* 

10 UHliiin 


NASDAQ Most Actives 

rrOCRSe Auction Kindles Rally 

Continued from Page 9 

d signaled confidence after sever- 
wees and bearish sessions. 

It is widely assumed ihai the 
■deral Reserve Board will nudge 
• interest rates before or when its 
•licy-seiling panel meets on May 
. Impatience with the Fed and 
fjppoimment that j rate increase 
s not been decided vet contrihut- 
to heavy selling in the financial 
arkets over the past few sessions. 

U.S. Stocks 

eluding Monday when the Dow 
dustriris tumbled 40.46 points. 
The Fed is expected to get key 
gnals for guidance later in the 
eck. The release of the April pro- 
icer price index i> scheduled for 
hursday and the consumer price 
port is to be issued Friday. 

On the New York Stock L\- 
iange, AT&T was the most -active 
sue. li surged U* to 52 T v after 
■ceiving a contract from Saudi 
rabia to supply 1.5 million digital 
lone lines and other sen. ices and 

]uipmenL the largest ever a-.iard- 
l ouLTide the United States. 

new contracts soon with Bell At- 
lantic. Intel and Microsoft, he said. 

LM Ericsson, which had been id 
ihe running for the Saudi .\rabian 
contract, dropried 1 3/ 16 to 43 1 / 8 . 

Bombay Co. plummeted 3 V. to 
I 2 S after the specialty retailer said 
it earned vents to 9 cents a share 
in the fiscal fourth quarter, com- 
pared with S cents one year earlier 
hut down from analysts' estimate 
of J I cents a share. 

Boston Chicken jumped lla to 
3712 . The restauram chain earned 
13 cents a share in the first quarter, 
compared with a h>ss of 7 cents a 
share one year ago and analysis' 
estimate of 1 1 cents a share. 

Investors continued to rcnaie 
among sectors, with funds buying 
into consumer nondurables "and 
selling media and information 

Interest-rate sensitive slocks such 
as banks and telephone companies 
benefited front the strong tone in the 
bond market. 

Comair Holding* climbed 13 ' 16 
to l " 7 15/16 after the Cincinnati- 
rased regional airline said it ex- 








1 2' j 


— S*. 


14 1 6. 

47' 4 

— 1 tei| 


3B 1 . 



16 > 4 

- ' 4 


77' .• 








14' ! 




- !| 



39 s. 



14' 4 



43' 1 

35* , 

— <* 

ColtCp 3 





— ri * 


94' 1 



- l'i 






AMEX Most Actives 

1 ' “ 









?) *•* 

I3 1 * 

- 1 












6' 1 

— 1 J 

5834 4AF‘p 







— +1 





— 1 J 


le 1 . 



1 1 * 4 



jPI B 

A1 26 

4' a 



— is 

NYSE Diary 

Uncfi erred 
; Tolol Stsim. 

fJi.-vv Higns 
lid* LCm»'. 

□om Frew. 

132? 509 

SB5 1756 

616 5*6 

282 ? 2 SI I 
2 D 18 

17? 184 



95 07 











9* 81 





94 42 



94 “ 














93 J3 

+ 0.01 
+ 0X4 
+ 006 
+ 007 
+ 0.10 
+ 0.12 
+ 0.13 

T 0 10 

+ an 
+ 0.11 
- UBS 

Per Amf Far Rec 


. JB 5-16 6-1 


BOCA RATON. Florida (Bloomberg) — W. R. Grace & Co. said 
Tuesday that it expected to sell peripheral units for about $700 million 
this year. The estimate includes $253 million from the previously an- 
nounced sale of its Colorado-based Colowyo Coal Co. The specialty 
chemicals and health-care gjant said it expected to sell battery aqraratofs. 
engineered materials, printing products, and artificial insemination and 
coating businesses this year for a total of about $447 million. 

Arocrur CeJuhKe 3 lor 2 sMit. 
Sonic Envlr Syii 2 tar 1 spill. 

Republic New York Official Quits 

Homcslate Mln><ta Q -05 5-25 6-8 

Learonaf inc O .14 5-24 6-7 

Lockheed Corn Q St S-23 6-6 

Whwlabrlr Tech A A .10 6-22 7-7 



NEW YORK (Bloomberg,) — Republic New York Corp. said Tuesday 
that Peter Cohen had resigned as vice chairman and head of the Turn’s 
securities subsidiary and quit its board to form an investmem-manage- 

13:1 wrnwc a iismuJ t aftor RnwMii* la ! rl aff 1*1 

AMEX Diary 

Total issim 
New Higni 
New Lours 

»7 1&S 

261 392 

226 218 
816 795 

pis ollOO Pd 


+ 002 


94 7? 


» 4 J? 


t 0.07 


94 . 2 E 




+ P.08 



+ 0.10 

93 J* 


ESI volume: 5»+60. Ooen mt.: 212.579. 

I Jastem Inc J2 5-16 6-1 

I Correcting record dole. 

mem company. His departure comes a week after Republic laid off 12 
percent or its 100-member siaff at Republic New York Securities Corp. 
and canceled expsmsion plans. Mr. Cohen joined Republic soon after it 
set up the securities unit 18 months ago. 


Werner Enlerwise O .025 S-U S-27 


.4 a. -anted 
Total bsue* 
l+.*w Lows 

leal 1163 
1508 1976 

1868 186? 
500 7 5001 

52 45 

Spot Commodities 


£SOJDOO - Ptfc & 33nds Df TOO PC) 

Jim HU- 31 107- JO 1ft}- 15 -0-12 

5e? NT. NT. 10T-12 +046 

Esi. volume : 6? S3! Ouen In).: 123.79?. 

DM 25UM0 - pts of 1M OCT 
Jun 15X 9425 95X6 4 0X2 

5CB «.(0 »183 44X4 + 0X1 

Est. volume: 201^®! Open ml.: 205,175. 

| FF50M08-PtSBf lMnd _ 

Jun 120.00 114JJ8 114-70 +0S6 

Sep 118.90 lltOB 118.74 +0.66 

11794 117.18 117X2 +0X4 

Esl. volume: 21J.772. Oacn Int.: 14oJOS. 

Instltut Mobil b .732 5-16 5-26 

mil Recovery _ ns 6-22 7-15 

Wl n dmere Cera n _ .05 6-1 6-15 

b-aoprov amount per ADR. 

Viacom Renames Publishing Unit 

! Boldor Electric 
CucaCold Borlllita 
DanKQ Business 
Edison Bros 
Foremost Cp Am 
Garun Inc 
Hercules Inc 
meridian Dlaanost 
Orange Svps BY 
Peerless Mio 
Penn Virginia 
Polaroid Corp 
Selective insur 
Universal Fares! 

O .10 6-10 6-30 
O 25 5-26 6-9 

b .1171 6-6 7-30 

Jl 5-27 6-10 
27 5-16 6-15 
20 S-16 5-23 
X6 6-3 6-24 
.03 5-16 5-23 
.04 S-13 6-30 

NEW YORK (Bloomberg) — Viacom Iikl said it would reestablish the 
Simon & Schuster name for all the publishing operations of its' Para- 
mount Communications Inc. unit in an attempt to capitalize on Simon & 
Schuster's wide name recognition. Under Paramount Communications, 
the publishing operations were called Paramount Publishing, and Simon. 
& Schuster was a division. 1 

Q .125 5-13 S-27 

.45 5-27 6-17 
.15 5-27 6-25 
28 5-16 6-1 

For the Record 

S ffi 61 6-15 

Market Sales 

In millions. 

Aluminum, lb 
Collee. BraL. lb 
Capper eledraiviic. lb 
iron FOB. ion 
Lead, lb 
Silver, tror ax 
Steel (scrap), tan 
Tin. lb 
i Zinc, lb 


a-aoaroA amount ae r ADR. 

0 -annual; 9-POYoair in Canadian funds; m- 

monlhlv; q-qaar+erlv; s-seml-aniroal 

137X3 MOV 
16635 JUA 

High Low Last Seine Ch'ge 

UX. dollars per melric tan-lats ot 180 tans 
MOV 15425 153.00 IS3.00 1 53.00 - 1.75 

Jun 153J0 15225 15225 1522S - 25 

Jul 134 00 152.75 I52J5 15175 —1X0 

To subscribe in Germany 

just call, toll free, 

0130 &•! 85 &5 

Caterpillar Inc. will be majority owner of a joint venture to build* 
hydraulic excavators for sale throughout China. Caterpillar and its; 
partner, Xuzhou Construction Machinery Group, will contribute capital, - 
nut terms were not disclosed. (Bloomberg)^ 

Quaker State Corp- and GE Capital Corp, said Tuesday that they were' 
negotiating a deal for the sale of Quaker State's Heritage Insurance; 
Group to GE Capital for about $85 million. ; (API, 

Lufthansa. Unions Accent Fension Plan 

BBC: Pearson Joins TV Venture 

peeled to report fiscal fourth-quar- 
:er net income of 28 cent- a .share. 

“The Saudi order i> simply the 
test example of AT&T winning 
ther new equipment busmen or 
irming alliances" in iis lona-dis- 
mce operations. >aid Jack Gruh- 
ian. analyst at Salomon Brothers 
ic. AT&T is expected to announce 

:er net income of 28 cenu- a share, 
off from 4 <) cent’s a year ago but u 
penny higher than analysts' fore- 
casts. Its N'ard auihoriied ihe re- »*f a s mans as 2.15 million 

shares or roughly 10 percent of the 
total outstanding. 

total outstanding. 

(Bhombern, knighi-Ridder. AP) 

Compiled h lire Sufi From Difpoieliei 

FR,^NKFURT — Lufthansa AG took a step 
Tuesday toward becoming a private company, as 
its trade unions agreed to convert pensions from 
a state-run plan into a company retirement plan. 

The accord follows a compromise ia>i week 
with the German government, which will con- 
tribute 2.6 billion" Deutsche marks t$t .57 bil- 
lion} in cash and guaraniees for Lufthansa 

The conversion is nece^ary il the state, 
which owns 51 percent of the airline, is to 
reduce its stake to less than a majority. Lufth- 

ansa employees would then no longer qualify 
for the state-run pension program. 

“In reaching a final settlement of the pension 
problem, the negotiating partners hate paved 

the way for a capital increase at Lufthansa and 
the airline’s privatization," Lufthansa said. 

the airline's privatization," Lufthansa said. 

The unions have also accepted standard 
terms for employment in Lufthansa subsidiar- 
ies. The airline wants to spin off various subsid- 
iaries for specialized tasks, and has in- 1 sled on 
flexibility in hours and other conditions. 

The question of who would assume the pen- 
sion burden was seen bv anal 1 . sis as critical to 

the airline's future. Last week's deal spread the 
costs between the government and Lufthansa 
and was hailed as a working compromise that 
would allay privaie investors' worries about 
buying into Lufthansa, i Bloomberg. Rcutersi 

ti Survival Plan for Olvmpic Airways 

Greek government ministers on Tuesday ap- 
proved a four-year survival plan to revitalize 
ihe state-owned Olympic Airways by laying off 
staff and seeking European Union approval to 
write off about S 2 billion in debL Reuters 
reported from Athens. 

Continued from Page 9 

BBC’s archives are extensive and 

For Pearson, which owns The 
Financial Times and other publish- 
ing and broadcasting properties, 
the deal provides an opportunity to 
speed its growth in the media busi- 

The partners said they would 
draw on the BBCs worldwide news 
network as well as on its huge li- 
brary or programming. They wall 
also draw on programming owned 
bv Thames Television, a British 

programming producer owned by] 
Pearson. Pearson also owns SO per- ' 
cent of The Economist magazine 
and 17_5 percent of BSkyB. ! 

'Hie two companies said they! 
were also negotiating with addi- 
tional potential partners in each of ‘ 
the new geographic markets. 

The BBC-Pearson venture will 
encompass the BBC's previously 
announced plan to launch a version 
of its World Television news ser- 
vice in the United States by the first 
quarter of next year. 

Af®£§,© smm SSWEBESl 

jrfcr Franc* taw Ma> ID 

^oa^c a 

Via AKoatnKf Pr*M 

Season Seaan 

Hon LOW 

Oeen High Low Close 0*8 

Season Season 
l-finn Low 

Own Wall LOW On* ChQ OFW 

Season Season 
High Lt>« 

■>wn High Low Close QW Do wt 



3N Amro HM 60.90 61.10 


'to Notorl 










49 48.70 
98J0 97.10 
47.90 47 

718X0 71850 
72J0 72X0 
40J50 3900 
65.TO 65-30 
138X0 13870 
170.10 1 AC- 

17 16X0 
44 70 44.70 
327 JO 32SJ0 
735 60 235 

69 40 69J0 








Re polo 

Irrcticnoe SAS SM> 

Kingfisher 5X7 JX5 

Lod broke 1X7 1X4 

Lana Sec 657 a 44 

Lwwne 7.90 7.9J 

Lasms 152 1X9 

Legal Gen Gn> <52 4.47 

Lloyds flank 5X3 5X4 

1X7 1X4 

657 *44 

7.90 7.4J 

152 1X9 

ACW 729 

AlrLiaulde III 

Alcatel AJsIMom 683 


Canadian Pacific 21 

AAarks Sp 
NoTl Power 

5X3 5X4 

4J4 451 

4X2 451 

4.07 4X7 

NlhWst Water 4J5 4.71 

Pearson tSl *25 

P & O 7.02 692 

P UVIna Ion 1.91 1.43 

imter Douglas 79X0 79 

1C Calami 40.90 40.10 
iler Mueller 87 B7 

m Nederland 7520 7*20 Hong Kong 




C* Grlnten 

ok hoed 







oval Duich 



5350 5250 

50 4950 
81 74 id 

44X0 49 40 
51*0 51.40 
77 74.70 
119 11850 
60.70 4040 
119 JO 110 
4150 9150 
2W 203.80 
48X0 48.10 
199 JO 199.70 

dnOmmeren 52.90 52.80 

/ol Tors' Rluwer 107.40 l(W 10 
OE index : 409.99 
nevlein : 406X3 


G Ftn 
leci rebel 
:o,ol Beigr 

7680 1*70 
S'.W 519(1 
2490 2440 
2-'li0 27100 
197 I9J 
5»»0 5CK 
1377 1370 
*390 *3*C 
1585 1595 
4415 4*30 
*810 9950 
*940 699-) 
10*25 »0*25 
>TW ME5 
5S70 5an 

Bk Easi Asia 
Camay Pooiic 
Owung Kong 
China Lignr P»r 
Dairy Form lnvi 
Hang Lung Dev 
Hong Seng Bank 
Henderson Land 
Hk Air Eng 
MK Oil no Gas 
HK Electric 
HK Land 
HK Peoih Trust 
HSBC Holdings 
H7. Shang Hils 
H+ Teiecamm 
HK Ferrr 
Huicn .vhamDoa 
Hssan Dev 
Jorcine Mam 
Jerome Sir Hia 
Komoon Volor 
Varworm Orlcr.l 
Miramar Hotel 
Net* World Dev 

5 MK Orem 


Swire Poe » 

Tdi Cieurw Pros 

-.■.nar- Hold 

Wing On Cs tail 
Wlnscr ind. 

3150 37 

11X0 M 
35 34 50 
J82S 38.75 
10.» 10.40 
1ZJ0 II. TP 

« 49 

3725 Js25 
47.75 4150 
15 UeO 
22-10 22 






81 JU 

II 40 




9 90 








77 40 


14 70 



-•0 60 



31 £0 

44 JO 



3 3? 

54 50 


9 JO 








10 Si 

PtrwerGen NA 

Prudential 306 

P-ank Ors 4.16 

Recklil Cal 6X4 

Pedtand 5.08 

Reed (nil 854 

P Cillers 4 85 

RMC Grcua 8.7S 

Polls Rover 1.94 

Rommn(unJI) 390 

Poval Seal 4.40 

RTI 8J6 

Sdinsfturv 3.92 

SCc» Neivcre, 5X4 

Seal Power NA 

Sears 127 

S+vern T rent 4X2 

Shell JX3 

Siede 5X7 

3 06 3 

4.16 «X7 


Boncalre ICIel 








Char gears 

Clmenls Fo»k 
C lub Med 





Coles Mver 

Fosters Brew 

4J4 9J4 
4JB 4X4 
UL2B 16.18 
145 3X4 
0X6 0.6* 
JJ4 4X5 
4X0 450 
16X0 16J0 
4X» 4.70 
1X2 )J1 

Goodman Field 1X7 150 

ICI Australia 10X4 1040 

Magellan 1.95 1.95 

MIM 7X0 7X2 

Can Tire A 17’+ 

Conlor 72 

Cara 4.10 

CCLIndB 9>s 

Cineolex 4J5 

Comlnco TOta 

Conwesl Expl 22Y: 

Denewn Min B 0.06 


Dvlex A 0.73 

Echo Bav Mines 149« 

Eaultv Silver A 0X7 

FCA mil IVi 

Fed Ind F 717 


WHEAT ICBOT) : ar> Du minrrvm- joikar., a.'tKrri'.i 

11.93 9.43 Od 94 11J5 11.78 11X1 

1152 9.17 Mor 4J 1147 11X5 IU0 

11X8 1057 MOV 95 HXO 1140 1156 

11.43 1057 Jul 45 

ll.» 10570095 11X2 11X7 11X2 

1 1X5 1 0X8 Mar W 

Esl. sales 17.493 Man's, sales 9X88 
Men s open int 104.776 Off 726 

COCOA (NC5E) lOmemc tons- s per rm 

-0.10 35,707 
— 0X7 16,771 
-0X9 2.503 
- 0 .W 1 JOO 
—OX9 «4 
-004 40 



MOV *4 UO 3X0 

3 ISta 

3 1* 1 ; -003', 


3 56 


326 3 77 


32U.— a (a*, 



179 3-30 

3 7J'v 




D(?C 94 

3J91; 140' I 


US'.— OM 




Mor 95 347V; 142't 


333', -OJM 


It*": MW 95 J3* 336 


135*', — 0XH 




Jul 9J 

1X1 171"!) 


1» -OX)? 


ESI. sales 12x00 Man's sales 6X!i 
ktan's ooen ini 43.534 

WHEAT OCBOT) 1 OOObJ mnPMn- nnp, p., Duilfel 


999 Ju) 94 






102) Sep 94 





1041 Dec 9J 






1077 Mor 95 






1325 Jul 95 



1265 Sec 95 



1290 Dec 95 



1393 Mar 9* 



1225 MOV *6 





Flekfcer Clwll A 17As 

6X4 0.78 

5.M 5.10 

Ell-Aqultaine 476X0 

Nat Aust Bank HX2 11X0 

854 8 X 1 

J 8 S 4.75 

0.7S 8 75 

1.94 1.92 

4.40 4X7 

8X6 8X5 

J .92 3 X 5 

5J9 5J0 

N.A 151 

1X7 1X5 

Smith Nephew 1X9 1X7 

SmithKline B iJU Ut 

Smith 1 WHI 5 07 5.15 

Sun Alliance 3X8 3X7 

3X8 3X7 

Tgle & Lvie 4X9 440 

Tesco CM 7X5 

Thorn EMI 1150 HX9 

Tomkins 1X7 1X7 

T5B Group 2.18 114 

Unilever 1073 10JT 

Uid Biscuits 353 ISO 

V'Ddatanc 5J5 5X8 

Wdr Loan 1‘1 -1X8 42.13 

2X8 125 

1150 HX4 
7X7 1X7 

2.18 2.14 

1073 I0JT 
353 ISO 
5X5 5X8 

Ell-Sonali 958 

Euro Disney 24X5 
Gen. Eoux 2627 

Havas 454 

imeial 610 

Lclorge Cong ee M3 
Lrgrand 641B 

L/on. Earn 613 

Or eel (L'l 1247 

LVJAH. 906 

Asolro-HocheWe 137 
Michel In B 243.10 
Moulinex 136.40 

Paribas 401X0 

Pedrlrsev mu 165 
Pernod- Ricord 387X0 
Peugeal 904 

Frlmemps (Aui n»9 
Radlalechnicnje 543 
Rh- Poulenc 6 1«9X0 

Roll. 51. Louis 1*45 
PedauielLal 920 
Sami Gooom 707 
S.E.B. 5*0 

Sie Generale 64* 
Sue.- 3)6 

News Corp B«o 9B3 

Nine Network 455 455 

N Bros en Hill 147 3.42 

POC Dunlop 4.73 4.77 

Pioneer inn 2.79 183 

Nmndy Poseidon 2.03 2A3 

OCT Resources 1X7 1X7 

Sonias 4JJ7 4.12 

TNT 2.14 2.13 

Western Mining 6.98 70X2 

Weshwc Banking <w 4.75 

Woodslde 430 4J8 

All ordinaries Index : 2008X0 
Previous : me jo 

Cull Cda Res 

Hernia Gld Mines 12'* 


199 Mio, 94 1787* 



1X3', -005'* 



2.77 Jul ™ 

17*' ■ 

3X2'. -0 A3 




3X4 —007'-- 





131' •— OJB+s 



133' S 





328':-O.OI 15 



3X4' 1 Jul 45 



123' r 

122' ,—7.07 


Esl.sdes 7.721 Man's. sc4es 8.782 
Wn’kawtinl 81577 off 644 

-9 38580 
-12 14X64 
-10 B.403 
— 13 10.581 
—9 48 
—13 3.787 
—13 546 

—13 679 

—13 3 

—13 4,926 


Axahl Chemical 762 7*2 

ThomsoivCSF 16650 

Williams Hdg& 

580 575 

57D 5.60 

166 354 

! Hang. Seng Index : 8540.94 
I Previous : 1421X0 

Willis Corroon 2X7 2J4 

F.T. » indei : 24nJM 
Frevtaas : H76X0 
P.T5.E. too index : 3136X0 
P rev koas : 304750 

Previous : 213447 

Sao Paulo 


Banco 00 Brasil 24 50 j jjg 

oc Gen flanque 83*0 8310 
ocuen Belgique 2*75 770C 





rntan Min.ere 

15375 15450 
16025 15925 
11150 uno 

74600 74550 

2*00 ?& 0 T> 

Markets Closed 



miens Mola 





3dr. H rPO Bank 

3a r Vcrcinsbk 

3HF Barn, 

3 MW 

18*50 17-.] a 
M7J 7»i» 

<5> »J7 

"IS "3e 
380316 X 0 
J6° 4*8 

The slock nurkei in 
Johannesburg was 
closed Tuesday for a 

SBV 3185 3110 

Eco Lcnrrol Hlsp. 7"M TfltD 

Banco Sanlbnder 6340 6100 

BanesTo 1175 1180 

LEP5A 79S, 340 

Cranodos 2320 2235 

Endesa 65*0 64JC 

Ercras 158 156 

Ibcrarolc 949 92S 

Jmsfll *S75 4* IS 

■ OtUiolrr.3 TWO 3830 

Teieiamce 17^3 1775 

Banessa 13X0 ij 

Brodesca 16X0 1 ajb 

Brahma 744.99 289.99 

Paranananema 2050 )9 

Peirabras 105 9? 

Telearas 4* 90 40.70 

■ Vale Rio Dace 110 TOO 

varig isj imj 

Bavesca moev : iS4jv 
Previous : T42T7 

44 90 40.70 
110 TOO 
IS5 lad 

S.E. General Index : 318A0 
Previous : n«4 

Bonca Comm 


Bene I Ion group I4J00 27 

-ommcrrtxjnk 35»50 355 

lontlnentai 27s 70? 

Daimler Ben: 883.50 680 

Degusso 526 s<5 

Dl Bahcrjck 2 *? 760 

Deul5Cnt> Bans 2935P 751 

Douglas 5455054050 


Dresdher Bank 40153 3«? 

F Krupo Horscn TO* 202 








►'.all 5al; 

Kars tad' 


7 TNO 

to: to: 

mu Crkfl 

1128 1113 
351 351.50 
e?.- m 
24 J 243 


149 1 <« 

*2750 *34 

535 534 

(SI 1ST 

Ktoeckner Werkc I88IM50 

Unde »279J15C 

Lulthansa 207502C650 

■MAN Aj | JO JrO 

Mgnnesmonn 44045950 

Metal Hreseii 22* 225 

Munich Bum* 3170 3(85 

Porsche 8*0 860 





Seller mg 










487 451 

249X0 240 

J72XC 477 
to! JK 
1085 10a7 
58 * J 4 C 
735 711 

791 286 

349 244 50 
577 X052050 
3S450 373 

477 407 


DA* Hide* - 2235 15 

Enjtoj . Hip* 

Prerkovs . 

FAZ index 

Previous • 

Atbev Natl 

iinea L^ens 
Aria iiVIgglm 
Argyll Graue 
Ass Srlr Fmc 
86 + 

E Ae 

Bo"k 5 cj(*cn .3 





I Blue Circle 
IBOC Grave 

Brit Airways 

Brit C-aj 

8rlt Sier! 

Bril Trlrccm 

Cchle Wire 
Orofcvr, Sc+ 
Goers vl rellg 
Cainrn union 


ECC G'oup 
E nterprise on 



Gen 1 Ace 


Grnna f.iei 






msbc mew 


ClR 30*5 

"red Hot 2?t0 

Enictrem 32M 

Forlln 3400 

Fcrfin Rl» TJ9i 

F.c SPA 7240 

Finmeccanica 727J 

"-oncroh 45*50 

I FI 28300 

i.'jicem lo^oo 

Ualgas 5900 

■taimebiuare I7W0 ! 

Medlabanca I340n 

MenMIun 1 5®t' 

Olivetti 30M 

p.'elii 58 -0 

: PAS 3*250 : 

I Pnascenw 11500 

Solpcm 4315 

San Pacta Torino IU90 
81 P 4530 

SME 4000 

Sale 7705 

Clondg 40509 ■ 

Jlet 6055 

Tara Asst Rise N.A. I 

MIB Index : 1318 
Previous : 1299 


Cerebas 7 m3 ? 4 s 

Cilv Dev. 7 a 7 JO 

DBS 11X0 II jc 

Fraser Ncove 18.10 13.40 

Genring I* 80 t6£|) 

Golden Hone Pi 230 ^ig 

HowPar 3 IB 1)3 

Hume industries J.45 J45 

inch corse J.wj 17, 

► ceoel 11 ic.vj 

RL Keoong z. m t 

Lum Cnano 1X4 iu 

Asohi Glass 1200 1140 

ScnkofTckro 1610 1*00 

BridaeslOTK 15»o 1S10 

Canon l*.a 1*70 

Caiio 1240 1250 

Dai NiDPon Print 1830 18*0 

Daiwa Mouse ?5w isx 

Dalna Securities 1540 1580 

FOflUC 4250 4)70 

Full Bank 2XM 2790 

Full Photo 21SO 2IJD 

Fullrsu 1030 10ID 

Hitachi 458 455 

Hitachi Ccoip 826 824 

Honda 17M 1730 

ita Yok.ado 5*30 sm 

licchu «r *99 

Japan Airlines 7J9 720 

Kanina 941 92a 

Kami Power 7**o 2700 

Kawasaki steel J7g 377 

y.lrm B raw, I2S<J IZtO 

Komatsu BV. 848 

KuOOtO (71 667 

Kvocere 6350 *240 

Matsu Elec Inas '.t*Q 16S0 

Matsu Elec vi vs iifo nso 

f/.ltsuu.shi gv 2730 3770 

■Mirsuoishi Kase< 517 SID 

Mitsubishi Elec *u 61* 

Mitsubishi Hev tvo 683 

Mitsubishi Cera 1i»o 11*0 

Mitsui and Cn tijj rn 

VJIsukasw '70 972 

2310 14B0 
NEC 1150 1130 

MB* insuionrs laac raw 

NiWo Securities I23t 17m 

Niaoan KogaVu tis 979 

Hoillneer 15 

Horsham ISHi 

Hudson’s Bav ikUb 

Imasco 35V« 

Into 3?*s 

Inlerprov pipe 304n 

Jannock 1814 

Labatl Z1 Kj 

L obi aw Co Z3Vfe 

Madcerule 9'« 

Magna mil A 57 

Mo pie Leal m. 

Maritime 24 

/Work Res 8 1 * 

Molson A 2M 

Noma Ind A 5*3 

Noranda Inc 25 1 - 

no ran 00 Forest 13 

Norcan Energy 159- 

N I horn Telecom 4-'« 

Nova Cora JOSS 

Oshawa 30' ir 

Pogurln a 3>t 

Placer Dome 29 

Esi. sales NA M-jn's sales J.9J8 

fAan’s open ini 72 444 qtt 375 

CORN ICBOT] WOObu iNf-iMn- Jofla/ 1 6, ovw 

2J8'-iMav91 2.58 2X81- 7.S6>, ; 35*1, • OOOkr 5X43 

3.1* 1 : 2JI JWV6 UBvj m ’57 ?J7* ; -0I)0 , M36.IB0 

X92'r 2.40'rSca44 JJO'u 353 ?4»-.r 3^96, 33.449 

173 ’■i 11*' ’Dec 44 LAJVi 7 tt'i L4J".. 1 43* 1 -0.03',. 77 

I74'.V 144 Mar 45 2.51 ?i3''4 150'.r JW4.-0.0I*. 8.255 

IXf 253'rMov4i 7SS*, 3J*Vf 7J5 ZSS -ttOllv 905 

283W 7 54 Jul 95 2JS717 7XS 2J5V. 3.H -0.B1H 1.9*1 

7J8M LO Ckc 95 2AS 1 , 147 US'I J45'r rOAOli \M\ 

Esr sours 43000 Mon's, soles 47.780 
Mon’S men en 7*5.57* ■>« W72 

SOYBEANS (CBOTT janru rnr-run. Migr, pe brre' 

135.00 89.00 May W 94X5 94X5 YL00 

I IS CD 94 1 0 Jul M 45J0 9180 43X0 

134X0 97 .75 Sep 94 97 JO 7790 WJM 

134X0 94X5 N(7V 94 99X5 94X5 9*40 

13X00 10 UM Jan 95 101X0 101X0 47 JS 

124.25 l04J»Mar95 10150 HUSO IOOXO 

114X5 107J»Mav 95 104.00 104X5 1(0.75 

11900 11+00 jui 95 loin 105.00 iosjm 

II1J0 lirJOSepTJ 
Esl. sales 1.5W Man's. MMS 3.240 
Mon'swenlnt 2M*5 on 134 

—3.15 408 

—1X0 13X23 
-1X0 3AS7 
—140 1.211 
-4.1S 2.118 
— 4JXJ 715 
— 4J» 




IV.PY74 6*5 

6 ’1 



■ o.oita 

4 94 

6 MS 

a Jtfl 



6 28 




657 '5 -001 





6i2's oars 




t 19 


614'. -0.02 

6 70 

6-1 J 

Jan 95 




670'T -0.01'* 

fcJ 7' 1 




Mov 95 639 



6XBV, -a oils 




v HavSi 


•o*. . 



■ aoi'* 

•O0 4)70 
23M 2790 
21S0 2170 
ia» ioid 
■^8 955 

826 879 

17*0 1730 
54» 5400 
«T *99 
724 720 

941 970 

76*0 2700 
J74 377 

W '» 

*71 667 


Paco Petroleum io^v 

PWA Corp 
Rogers B 

Rovor Bank Con 26 

Icvplrc Res 13' 

Sours HOSP 73 

Seagr am 39s 

Sears Can r 

Shell Can 4t’ 

Sherrill Gordon li> 
SHL Svstemnse 

Soutnam 18% 

Est. sales 52.000 vans. sates 37.231 

ivun's apm ini 139.719 oh i»32 

SOYBEAN MEAL iCBOTI laemns- Mr.w Iw, 

232.00 TM70M4V94 117 00 137 JH 1BA*0 185X0 — I OD 1.8*1 

7 JO OO IB5XOXI 94 18800 I88JO 186.00 106X0 -8*0 37,903 

22X00 >85 00 Aug M 187X0 1*7 M 185 JO 186.00 -0.90 13X44 

710 00 183 70 Sep 44 IBS. 20 185.70 184.00 14U0 -0X0 8.537 

70*J» IOI5QOCI44 I8IJ0 187X0 180(0 leixo -050 5.180 

VKM 4A0Dee44 18080 181 50 17* 90 180.00 -0 60 16.972 

20000 180.50 Jan *5 '*080 181X0 180.10 1WXO -a AO 17^0 

794 00 191 JO Mar 45 I82J0 193 00 183.00 18X00 -1X0 LOW 

1YL50 182.00 fJkav 95 182.40 182.* 185 40 187 * —030 3M 

188X0 I82JO JuJ 95 T83JD 1U 50 18300 ID 10 -HAD 187 

Esl sales 70.000 *8an't sates 12.303 
nun's open ini 06*94 on 777 

SOYBEAN OIL ICBOT) samoan- »*npr HUtrv 

7.95 94.70 
rjn 96.10 
7S5 95JM7 

L80 45.10 

590 94 40 

500 4500 

ISO 45.00 
5X0 94.00 

150 43.90 

4.10 4JX5 

M)0 96-90 

U 0 9100 

L4D 92.90 
L85 92J5 

LB0 94J0 

-160 3,174 
—155 1474 
—155 43.788 
-150 8.1*7 
—1.45 477! 
-145 IS* 
—145 «» 

—1X0 2413 
-1X0 71S 

— «A5 525 

— 155 

—160 1|4 

—0.95 419 


94J20 91X10 Sen 95 92.900 93JX0 *2.900 *3.0<0 6150)82^ 

94X80 91. 180 Dec 95 *2X80 *1890 *2J30 97Jt» ♦iSlUI^J 

44X20 90.750 Mor 9* 92X20 92A® 92640 9L810. +1701WJO 

Est. sales NA. Mon's, sdes 47A7S5 
Man's open int 2X82.134 up 12098 

assmsH pound (Cmeri ne-wwk ipamr» w pi> «n dMi 

1523* 1 6474 Am 94 1.44*4 1.4974 1 *42 IA8U — 109 

15200 1A**5ep4« 154* 159* 1^42 1.48* -W> 1J« 

75170 15500 Dec *4 75*10 15410 1.48*0 15864 -88 V 

15770 l.46*Mv9* 15840 « 

Est. sales NA. Man's, sates 10,461 
Mon's open hi 4*543 off 1455 

CANADIAN DOLLAR [CMERI sptrdr- 1 part I rMte IOd» 

□ 7*5 1171 13 Jun 94 0X226 0X261 0X220 0.72S5 ‘29 4MH 

0X7* 0X048 SCP *4 0X225 0X230 07210 0X227 +30 2X8* 

0X670 0X038 Dec 44 0X185 0X205 0X185 0X1*7 +31 15B 

BJ6B5 OX030MOT95 0X174 ♦£ W 

0X522 05990 Jun *5 B.71S2 +3J 1® 

5ep *5 0.71H *36 J 

Esl. sales NA. Man's, sales 3546 

Man's open ml 4457J off 26* 

GERMAN MARK (CMERJ trw raS- I BaMteBMuOxeN _ _ 

06130 05*07 -Ml 94 06041 06043 05*54 059SS 

06101 0.5*00 Sep *4 05989 0J9*7 05960 0J»6* -87 &W 

0*105 05590DSC94 05W1 .—01 Hf 

0.5V89 3.5980 Jun *3 06025 -81 J. 

0.4070 0JB10Mor96 060CJ -8 ® 

Est. sales NA. Mon'S, sales 34.B84 • - 

Man's aponiM 125580 up 1433 

037094560008871 Jun *4 QJO9762P J0*/*20J 0O9S6Ol0Wg6 -1« 
OJI OO l*OO0442top44 0509838050983* 0M4350JW686 - « 3J» 

tLOIO£T7ai nOK25Dec« 00098050 JXN6r«JW97200J«W7» -1*7 9* 

00101 S0LHH*95Jun 95 DJOOWOO 00»*400.00949BU»*W8 -W J* . 
O010T23m0*83UM0r94 O0W8W -JW **- 

Est. sales NA Man's, sales 2O0S9 
Mm s open ml 63581 off 14*4 
SWISS FRANC (CMS?) iperfroK-tpainjeaualsttMOl 
0X174 0 6590 Jun 94 0XU89 0X089 069*3 0.1475 —114 39.50 

0X140 0.6600 Sep *4 0X032 0X045 0*985 06948 -114 891 

0JI70 01885 Dec 94 0JO55 0X070 0X025 0X033 —114 >■ 

Jun 95 0.71* — 120 . 4 

Est. ades NA Man's, sales 10,102 
Man's open int 40767 off 767 


90J1 53*5 

IIJ S315 
»45 5M4 

195 J34J7 

56JB 54U 

CO I J ON 2 (NCTN) uoDk-cafipcfte 
8442 SAXO All 44 79-00 8125 74.00 

S9J7 0cf9* 746S 76.10 7465 

5*.68Dec*4 7325 74.H) 73JS 
6250 Mar 9S 7450 7555 7450 

64. 00 MOV K 7450 7600 7450 

7QJ0 Jul 95 75X5 75X5 75XS 


sales 11500 Morn, soles 4.*38 
Mon'S open IN 54,537 oH 145 
HEATING as. INMERI tt.aamt-mn 

8053 +071 ff.lU 
78* +092*® 

s is *8 

7625 +IJ0 “ , 
7225 +0JB " 

Spar Aerospace m. 

:iX0Mav94 3848 76. rj 7815 re* 

Ml! 5545 
F6J 568.0 

'70 972 
1370 7980 
'ISO 1130 

SlelCO A E'6 

Talisman Energ j; 

Teek B 22(t 

Thomson Caro. 1*3, 

Toronto Damn epi. 

Tool or B 24i- 

TransaHo Ulll 14 s 
Transcaa Pipe IB 

Trtlon Flnl A 4.45 

Trlmae IS?, 

Trijec A 

31JSJW94 7850 7864 38X1 78* ‘0.17 38,539 
2l65Aug44 3880 7835 379] 2B0B 0.16 12.306 

r.*Sep«4 7755 37 63 17]} J7.48 
7X.1D'30 96 3*50 2*60 7«X5 2&JD 

2*50 24.65 Jul *5 34 90 25.10 3490 75.05 

Est. sates 16.000 Man's sates I39.B87 
Mon'l oaen in) 91.998 on 13J9 

• 814 10.746 

,8i5 mnn 
■ 816 15557 
■017 7JM 

•0.19 I5--7 

, 0X7 S91 

■on 151 

•A 70 Jut 94 4050 4870 4810 

*70 Aug U 4* AS 49.17 4865 

43.80 Sea *4 5815 5015 4950 

4440 Oa 9e 5845 50.45 50X0 

4O0NDVM ST 50 SI 55 S1J5 
4*ȣtoCftl SL50 5750 J2J0 
S'SJ 1 "!. 5 BJ0 S3- 75 

47.45 Feo *5 52X5 S2.90 52X5 

47 .00 Mar 95 S1J0 51 JO 51.30 

Unicora Energy V; 


S- W J 175 

2 ^ 'VI 

1J4 154 

Nippon Oil 
MiEPon Steel 
Nlpcacn Yusen 
Ncrr.ura 500 

73+ 7J0 

to* 340 
*00 601 
WO 8*8 
373 2250 
8340a SWOo 


Mataron Bank g e,D0 sea 






Slnv; Dartv 

S'POre Land 
5 pare Press 

HJ» 11*0 
225 7,15 
0 7*5 
•170 13 JO 

VI 5!S 

36 b jjj 
.JO -jo 
6 JO 6.90 
14 6 C 14.60 

Olrmcus GbIicoI I3JC 1QJ0 

:*«] 3 M 

Pitch 6*5 655 

Scnva Elec 4S7 491 

Sharp litt 16*0 

Shlmasu cjj *82 

Adla Inti B 75X 

AlusuKse B new **o 

BBC '.rvmBov B 135 
Oha Gelav B 895 

CS Holdings B 505 

Eiektrow B jj* 

Fischer B 14W> 

75X7 67.57 Jut 94 60*0 *835 *•' 47 

■nxx **J7Air»*l 44 70 «+_W *7JJ 

74.10 6IJOOCIM 70 50 70 7(1 ’l/M 

7JJ0 50*&~C»4 41.27 7IJP TOW 

74X5 7000 Fee 95 71J5 71.65 7167 

75.10 77 P7 Anr 95 77J3 '1M 7,’JO 

71 JO 64 .ro Jun *5 TO 06 7005 ? 8 » 

Es). sates tS-OT Assn'i. sates 1**5 
Man's aoen m *8.497 on 77 

-0 05 37,250 
—0 03 16,777 
— 0 17 11.72* 
-DO! BJD3 
-0A3 3J7* 
805 438 

Inlerdlscounl B 71 lo 

Snutetsu Cnem 2iQ(j jjjp 

Sing 'teamsfila l*i 3 '” 

SVt Telecomm ijo 1 *. 

Straits Trading 5*0 nr* 

UOB IttiC |ij jj 

UOL 2.16 LM 

Strolls Times Ind. ; J2j*xn 
previous : 2222 *0 

_ J** S6I0 

Svrhitarno 5 k JIjq 2730 
3umiiomo Cnem 495 «g* 

Sum Woni“ «3Q HB3 

Sumltamc Metal 237 284 

Taisel Cara e*7 *9; 
Towtro fJgr : nc B*5 635 
Takeco Cnem !;» ijjo 
TO*; 4540 4540 

.e.i.n 5)7 5J3 

■ 0* +e Marine ;^i0 ij* 

T orvo Eiec Pi* 32(.o 37*0 

Tenoan 1350 5340 

■ ara. ind ID? 705 

. .**8 rn? 

Tovota ln^ lego 

“cnviichi Sec ?S2 

847 6*2 

.845 635 
UK 1200 
4540 4560 
5)7 523 
l^o 1780 
32( 2 32*0 


7*9 770 

firaj i960 

5 » 552 

Jelmoll B 610 

Lanai* Gvr R 945 

Moevenofck B 413 

Nestle R 1114 

Ocrllk. Buehrle R 1*7 

Poraesa h« b two 

Poem HOP pr ,-tti ; 

Safra Reputnic 139 

Sandoz B 3*70 

Schindler B 54 ^ 

Sulier PC s *0 

Surveillance B 2 CM 

Swiss Bnk Carp fl 372 

Swiss Relnsur P eto 

Swfssalr ft ? 4 g 

UBS B r«7 

Wlnierlhur B 470 

Zurich Ass B tisO 

5B5 index : m» 
Previous : 917 JJ 

feedCR Cattle i cmeri 

- '"ffrl 

75 50 Mar 44 


7 * 10 


»*J 0 toi> 9 i 

77 50 

” 15 

> 6.50 Dei « 

77 .« 

7 1 70 

77 30 NO* 44 


7 *J 7 .*» 1 M 

7 £M 


77 5? 

; 5 WNUr 96 

77 J )5 

7 *» 

? 6 .:aAw 9 fr 

. votes 

un l 

417 ' Jim 94 

49 45 

49 JO 


55 37 

45 JO Jul 9 J 



■W .45 

46 15 Aim 94 

* 8-57 



44 55 



43 X 5 Dec 44 




*1 IOFct '95 

A* 95 



40 TO Ah 9 T 

43 JO 

44 30 

U .65 

47 40 Jim 45 

«. 4 S 

47 j? 

47 JO Jul 95 

40 75 

-0JS 7.760 
—0.17 »J84 
I J» 
— 0 05 1,315 
— 0 13 415 

-are 37 

-405 7 

«n» aiviwknH 
SO *800 IHOO »5J0 —MO 16.742 
SO «1J0 397.50 39740 -5J0 2J45 
so w ? jo 40000 m.ia — sjo si* 

^ *600 40400 40860 —550 73I 


DO 38! JO 374X0 

H MSU0 3B7J0 
10 388 19 385J0 
» 39100 W.I0 
SO 395 00 38830 

— 2 .* 


—258 17.791 
-250 5JJ65 
— 2J0 14^40 

-2J0 8045 
-3J0 8941 

dS Wi 


-7J0 8SJB 
-UO 163 


EH. sates 60S* Mc»i i sates 7.5 31 
Man's open ml 30X55 uo .U 

-8* 14.593 
-0.70 6.119 
-047 X*tt 
-045 2 531 
-0.42 2.S29 
— 0 15 s* 

-an 384 
—0 08 70 
■tU5 *, 

US T. BILLS IC66ER) »l n.Tte». imtflMea. 

J676 95X9 Jun 94 *5J0 «SJ9 95J0 9UI ■ DOS J4X44 

4*40 94J05cp44 94X7 9877 6448 987* ‘0JM TI I9Q 

96.10 94X7 Dec 94 9404 94 43 9830 9841 .6.12 6JSJ 

*S0i 9898 Mar 9* 9811 - o.ll m 

Esl sate* NA DAwrc sales 85* 

Mai's Open ini 48087 up lOSS 

5 YR. TREASURY ICBOT) SiOajUQprtn-prs&52ndftc4i*pn 
I13JJ5ICO-015 Jw 94103-095 104-02 103-00 HD-D5- 305 1M 17< 

I10-I9S102-I2 SeP *4 101-77 I0J4SS ib-h ID-025 3« 7^2 

loi-ai 101-3* Dee 94 IB.IS5. jts ' , 

p. I MK irm Mnn-. UU mnn * 

4702 -as *.17' 

ao — 845 TU* 
49J7 —ft* 11.1® 

sun — 8 * sjS 

52.17 —8® 

—8* 4fflJ 
—815 7S 
5103 —030 X* 



!r 2 TrSlUM 

16X4 — OJP 


i ic — nfti UJJ 

1608 —000 <£*2 
1*09 -«0}^ 
1890 -a® 
i 49 i -a® 


iso _nQ3 .1^ 

1899 -an 2 ^ 
>7 jp -a® fcSff 
H® -?S 115 

.18 17.18 17.18 
.14 17.14 I7.U 

IllB .« 

170* -8M jg 
17.75. -BV 94H 
17X2 -40J . 


A Icon Aluminum re"< 29 s * 
Bonk. Mw.IrCOI 25 3 24*, 
Bell Canada <3 +4 1 ? 

Bombardier B 28 '; 21 

Cnmoior IT 5 ' ,T: + 

Ccscndcs TV r ; 

Dem.ntan Te*l A * T * 
DorwnurA IJ'; J! 

MoeMillanBt :g'r l» 

Nctl Bk Canoda « 8”- 

Poner Com. 20*8 JOkl 
Quebec Tet i*'> W 
Quebetw A I9'» in* 

Quabecw B !«.- 1^9 

Tcicgiobe 1BV 1*'* 

univo S : * S» 

Vlgeclron 14 c 14V 

HiCostridii irtae* : iWJJJ 
Previous : 1883X7 

« 8 "- 
20*1 »k 7 
T*’> 24 

I7S» I9»» 
1«V.- I9?9 
)BV I*'. 

S : » 5 r « 

14 c 14*. 


As« a 

ASlra A 

Atlas Copco 

Eledrdlu* B 





Norsk Hydro 


SgndviL B 


S-E Bunsen 

Skandld F 




Trelteborg BF 

s <4 si: | 

425 42} 

Nikkei 22S : 199)| 
Pre«i«ut : 19787 
TOPI It index : !»;« 
Frevusui : 1*11 


?^239 jU 
:x i?t 

ir i 29 
'U IS! 
1 S 7 :s 9 

*31 4JI 

% IS I 

AdriiBi Prise 
Aar ico 
Aif Ccnoda 

Aioerra E-iera* 

Am Bcrr.rk R n w 

B* Ne«c Sca'lg 24' ? 

I Previous : 1H9J3 

720 "lo 
1 S 86 J 2 

BC Gcs 
BC Telecom 
EF Realtvk+ds 
eruntv, i.:k 


IPs easy ta sahscribe 

in Belgium 
jwt w 8 log-free! 

0 800 1 7538 

* 1 J» C 52 Mar 94 «» 

62.00 J7J0Jgi»4 J*» 4830 

>950 4900Aud94 *425 U35 

*115 39 I0F*ti 95 5fX0 58 ’5 

*0.90 »*07.W« 

57 00 SOOOMarlS 

<1 JO 51.58 Jul *5 

49.75 9915AUU9S 

ESI '4JICS 1.6*3 Man's sates 2 605 

Man's ocen in IM x fil 

4352 Mar 94 4*08 






39J0JUI94 46 70 



45 A0 

— 0 SO 


flOOAUSH -4 7i 






39 IOFe0 9S MJX0 

50. ’J 





30 4O7.W9S 

49 00 



50 00 MO* 15 

5' .45 


51.50 Jul 95 

51 JO 


4* 7 JAW’S 



COFFCEC INCSE) r •*•«>...»«■ r-«ji 
U»O0 »3 J5Ma^ »4 IlO.DO t'IJS IilT.15 

109X0 6890Jk»94 1 1050 111® 10550 

IMS *150 Sep 94 lll.w ns 35 laSta 

1D0J0 7X1018*94 HI® l‘* 75 10*90 

imno 78»Mte« I'OSO I0».35 

08JJ0 O.S9MOV9} Iir.90 111 30 109 50 

1«US 85 00 Jul 95 119 90 HI® '09 50 1 

10525 094>03o»95 

Ell sales !'.9« 7Asn states UNI 
mvisoertiin 59.939 ;+P 535 
SUGAR-WORLD 1 1 INCSE! iinwf uvir 
1J>0 9,1} Jul 94 t* 5 ’ *S« '* TO 

8U 259 
• 0 ’0 34.871 
-0 70 13,497 
•II 10 7.219 
•825 3.371 
— 0 25 439 

—oto a 

- 0 M 23 

IDJ-OI 101-3* Dee 94 IB-ISt 2Ts , 

Esl. sain 4S.0QQ Man's, sales 4.730 3 

Mon'smnm 19*^44 an 3330 

*8 yr. Treasury (Cflon *'vaoonnn-Df^i.j7na,«,»ncf JUT 94(07- IV 103-31 182-14 10XXS. 

1 15-81 101-10 S«P 94 107-09 10700 102-03 103-25 .105 
IIJ-71 UU-25 Dec M 101-11 lOj-ffl 101-11 101-31 .|» 

101-12 ‘IK „ 

*05-2! 99-20 Jun 95 100-77 >IM t 

Est sates IW-W1 Men's sates 90,137 1 

Mon s open irt 3I8.93D OR 307* 


119-39 ft-ai Jun MIDI-14 1(0-15^01-14^(534 ^TlV“ ejTsi 
16-?* 90-17 sen 94 100-1* 107-17 100-16 IBUfc - 17 taTM 

118- GB 91-19 Dec 94 99-29 IQl.n M.Jg IQI-I9 . 1 17 S 

t||-re 99-14 Mar95100-ll 101-91 100-03 101-01 , u ,'mf 

*15-19 90-15 Jul PS IM.I2 . ? I'* 

ns-lS 99-17 Sop *5 . 2 

HJ-14 98-77 Dee 95 $3, ,11® ']» 

114-0* 60-73 Mar 96 99-09 , [ {* g 

Esl. sides 0JJ7OO Mars sates 4*3.130 M 

Man's oarn int 530 All up 7243 
*04-07 B7-06 Jun 94 89-11 9b-o? g*-Q| .m 

95-17 86-13 S8PM 08^16 89-11 <££ . J ”'” J 

Esl. sates 64)00 Mon’s, sains 4J«6 m 

Men '.oaeniM 30A43 off 413 
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In Russia, a New Market Mentality 

More Firms are Trying to Sell Equity to Raise Money 


It v ^ M r'i\ —Y 

Page 11 



London ; . , • -V Parts 
FTSE mindex- : CACAO' 

stetnr ih, uiwiisr 01 m* 

i said Tuesday. ^ bookings. Sides increased 

T “ e (c ^comuiunicaiions cmn a . 1-4 P crcent « to 15.98 billion kronor. 

i a P”*®* 813 ^ “^“nunications divi- 

• JS 3J® 6 miilioa), compared with S^JJ* 1 ** accounted for nearly 
428 miffion kronor iuihel^Quar. rf 10181 sales, saw sales jump 

: w ^ 50 percent in the period, to 722 

bl] bon kronor. Orders received 

: n , ^ ere particularly strong in China, 

Pharmacia Profit ?£S the Uni,ed Su,tcs md 

• Neartv Tn*n/«o ^ rose “ the public tde- 

r cu, v triples communications division, partly be- 


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AB, the stale-owned phannaceuti- 

• t0 be privatized in 
. June, said Tuesday its first -quarter 
. prof* 1 nearly tripled on strong sales 

• of i5“™ UI, o ,0 Sy products. 

- The company said it earned 1.33 

, bdbon kronor fS173mflJdon) in the 

i CP 1 * 1 *® - , compared with 486 miUion 
) kronor m tbe 1993 quarter. Overall 
"t* JWf to «-TO bfflion kronor 

• from 6 SI Mbon. Sales for onedo- 
gynnffmmology products rose to 
1-09 buhon kronor from 895 mil- 

Figures Sot the first quarter of 
1993 are pro forma. In June 1993, 
_ the Swedish government and the 
automaker Volvo AB split Procor- 
dia into Phannacia AB and Brand- 

mA rnnmmM ^ Tvi 

Sales also rose in the public tele- 
communications division, partly be- 
caiue of the acquisition of Teti AB 
and panly because of increased vol- 
in Mexico. Sales rose to 5-33 
bflkon kronor from 5.03 billion. 

Business networks showed im- 
proved sales, with orders received 
Particularly strong. Sales rose to 
2.79 billion kronor from 238 bflfion. 

Components showed improved 
sales, while area defense systems’ 
sales were unchanged from the first 
quarter of 1993. 

“Increased competition, com- 
bined with new, more efficient teeb- 
wrfqgy, has, with few exceptions, 
resulted in a global overcapacity in 
the production of telecommunica- 
tions equipment,” said Lars Ramq - 
vist, the chief executive of Ericsson, 
adding that mobile telephone equip- 
ment was the exception. 

Ericsson said it expected a posi- 

IllM M»||| IMIJ Lj.l - 

operahons. (AFX, AFP) (AFP, AFX. Bloomberg 

By Richard W. Stevenson 

Ntw York Tima Servlet 

MOSCOW — Like almost all big enter- 
prises in Russia, Far East Shipping of Vladi- 
vostok needs money, a lot ofit, w survive and 
expand in a time of economic and industrial 

But instead of demanding subsidies from 
tbe government or cheap loans from the cen- 
tral bank, as most large companies in this 
country have, Far East Shipping wants to 
raise $100 million or more in a way that until 
recently had not been possible for Russian 
companies — by selling shares to investors. 

Far East Shipping is a pioneer in what 
oould be one of the most critical and treacbei- 
ous areas of Russia's economic reform, the 
development of equity markets through 
which companies can raise capital. 

For the last few years, stock exchanges have 
been springing up across Russia. Most have 
been limited to trading the vouchers issued by 
the government to citizens for use in acquiring 
shares in enterprises being privatized. 

Now, however, companies are starling to 
look at securities markets as a way of financing 
their operations and expansion plans. 

“The first stage of tbe development of 
securities markets has been d*^ np d by a 
struggle for control of enterprises,” said Dmi- 
tri Vasiiiyev, deputy chairman of the Russian 
Securities Commission and of the State Prop- 
erty Commission, the government agency 
overseeing privatization. 

“We’re now in transition from the first 
Stage to the second, where enterprises can 
raise capital through market structures. In 
some respects, this development has occurred 
more quickly than many people supposed.” 

Analysts caution that there are immense 
hurdles In Russia for companies wishing to 
raise capital and for investors interested in 
purchasing their shares. 

Trading is now spread among dozens of 
exchanges across the country and an informal 
over-the-counter market. Various govern- 

ment ministries are squabbling over who 
should regulate the markets and how tightly. 
There are few reputable and experienced 
Russian brokers to handle any sales. 

Public confidence has also been shaken by 
widespread fraud among investment funds 
that trade in privatization vouchers and shares. 

The Moscow police force said it bad inves- 
tigated more than 500 cases of investment 
fraud so far this year, including one in which 
an apparently sham fund cheated 10.000 in- 
vestors out of $8 mil li nn 

Perhaps roost important, few Russian com- 
panies have much financial information to 

Now, companies are 
starting to look at the 
securities markets as a 
way of financing their 
operations and 
expansion plans. 

provide to investors, and in many cases man- 
agers are reluctant to make pubOc what data 
they do have. 

Business plans, where they exist at all are 
often vague. Managers frequently give the 
impression that they are more interested in 
entrenching themselves for the short run than 
in running the company for the long run. 

“Shares in Russia are really not proper 
shares,” a government official said. “They are 
really more like lottery tickets.” 

Even among strong Russian companies, 
there has been resistance to cutting work forces 
to affordable levels, to focusing on their most 
viable businesses and product lines, and to 
bringing in new maoageis and outside direc- 
tors — an Steps that investors are likely to 
demand before plunking down their rubles. 

Indeed, some analysts say that the develop- 

ment of equity markets would put pressure 
on corporate managers to shed their old Sovi- 
et-era mentality and Stan focusing on profit 
and long-term survival instead of just retain- 
ing their jobs and perks. 

Other analysts add that even for those 
enterprises that present themselves to the 
markets in tip-top condition, there is the 
question of where the capital will come from. 
Some officials believe there will be consider- 
able interest among Western investors, but 
that is no guarantee. Tbe extent of capital 
available for investment from Russians also 
remains undear. 

Mr. Vasiiiyev said optimistically that Rus- 
sians had exchanged trillions of rubles into 
hard currency, ana that some of those billions 
of dollars would flow back into ruble invest- 
ments if inflation could be am trolled. 

There are also signs that tbe flight of capi- 
tal from Russia is slowing or even reversing, 
with Russians who previously chose to slow 
their new wealth in Swiss banks now seeing 
attractive opportunities closer to home. 

The International Monetary Fund recently 
estimated that capital flight from Russia de- 
clined to $8 billion last year from $13 billion 
in 1992. 

A few Russian companies have been able 
to attract investment directly from the West 
But for the vast majority, tbe only alternative 
to government subsidies or new equity has 
been to take bank loans, though as a practical 
matter that option has been largely dosed to 
them. With Russia’s inflation exceeding 8 

percent a month, interest rates are too high 
for most companies. 

“You'd normally expect debt raising to 
play a bigger role in the economic and corpo- 
rate development of Russia than it does at the 
moment,” said Arnold Shipp, a director of 
Samuel Montagu ft Co„ a British investment 
bouse that is waiting on a pilot program to 
hdp Russian companies raise equity. 

^Because it doesn't, this places a greater 
reliance on funds from equity markets.” 

. f c 1983 ”: : "M 

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, tjB8&S2 ] 1,889.22 

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Inentuitiaal Herald Tribune 

B e iK . 

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Roche Says Acquisition 
Won’t Weaken Profits 

BSN Adopts Danone Name for Global Flavor SSSfFi 

London FBSE-10S, ;• • 

fpmie; . • y : A=cac 40 • V ; 7^ ! 

■ Stockbcrtm '~ s 

Vienna " ; _ ~ siock htiex • • 

138i|rW i ■ , ' SBS r-;< : ;-•= 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

Very briefly: 

• The European Union said that its economic prospects have improved 
slightly and that growth is now expected to reach 1.4 percent in 1994 and 
14 percent in 1995. Previously it had predicted increases of 1 .25 percent 
for 1994 and 2 percent for 1995. 

• CS Holding AG, tbe Swiss banking concern, said it was completing 
plans for a capital injection for its banking unit CS First Boston. 

• WJL Stmth Group PLC and Boots Co. said they would each take a one- 
time pretax cfaaige of £30 mini on ($44.9 million) to cover the cost of 
s elling 40 stores in their jointly owned do-ii-yoursdf chain. 

• Robeco NV, Europe's largest mutual fund operator, said it had raised 
about 300 mini on guilders ($161 million) through a recent share issue. 

• PSA Pleogeot GtroSn SA, the French carmaker, said its sales totaled 
39 J billion French francs ($6.9 billion) in tbe first quaner, up 9.8 percent 
from the comparable quarter a year ago. 

• Alette! Afsthom SA said its first-quarter sales had risen 6.5 percent, to 
37.57 billion francs, in line with a forecast made in January. 

• Finland’s president Martli Abtisaari will offer his salary increase of 
9,000 marklfM ($1,670) a month to projects launched by unemployed 
workers and to the poor. Ream, AFP. Bloomberg AFX. AP. Knight- Rid Jer 

Canpikd by Oar Staff From Dupeicha 

BASLE, Switzerland — 
Roche Holding AG, the Swiss 
drag and chemical company, 
said Tuesday that its planned 
S5.3 billion acquisition of Syn- 
tax Gap. would not weaken its 
e a rning s 

Chairman Fritz Gerber of 
Roche, speaking at the compa- 
ny’s annual press conference; 
said theSyntextakeoverwould- 
help “create a broader base” for 
research and development costs 

and help turn products oat into 
the market quickly. 

Mr. Gerber emphasized that 
despite healthcare reforms that 
have turned the industry into a 
“buyers market,” research and 
product development would re- 
main Roche’s focus. 

Last month, Roche reported 
1993 net profit of 14 billion 
Swiss francs ($1.7 billion), up 
29 percent from 1992, 

Compiled Iff Our Staff From Dispatches 

PARIS — BSN SA the largest 
food company in France, is chang- 
ing its name to Danone to try to 
improve its recognition and increase 
international market share. 

Danone, the brand name on 
about 270 of BSN’s products, is 
much better known outside of 
France than BSN, and the compa- 
ny plans to expand in several coun- 
tries soon, said Antoine Riboud, 
the chairman of BSN. 

“It wifl be a plus in our interna- 
tional strategy,” he said. “Our am- 
bition is to become a truly interna- 
tional group.” 

Danone brands account for 
about one-third of BSN’s total 

sales, and three-quarters of Dan- 
one sales occur outside of France. 
But the name is primarily associat- 
ed with dairy products and could 
create an Image problem when 
BSN begins to expand in other 
ares, said Alain Kerfoum, industry 
analyst at NatWest SeQier in Paris. 

Beerisapariof BSbTs expansion 
strategy. The company said it plans 
to increase its slue in San Miguel 
Fabrica de Oerveca ft Malta SA 
over tbe next four years. BSN al- 
ready owns 25 percent of the Span- 
ish brewer, which produces 15 mil- 
lion hectoliters (195 million 
gallons) of beer a year. 

Mr. Riboud valued the remaining 
75 percent of San Migud at 2 billion 
French francs ($352 million). 

BSN also plans to expand in Mo- 
rocco, Brazu and Russia. In Mo- 
rocco, tbe French company will 
pay 10Q million francs to take a 
2.74 percent stake in Omnium 
Nord Africain, a Casablanca-based 
food producer. 

In Brazil BSN is buying a stake 
in Campinetra Alimentos, the sec- 
ond-largest cookie maker in the 
country. Campineira turns out 
57,000 metric tons of cookies in the 
Sfio Paolo region. “We wifl take a 
stake of 49 percent die first year 
and anything is possible after 
that,” Mr. Riboud said. 

In Russia, BSN will set up a 
dairy in the town of Togliattigrad, 
southeast of Moscow. The town is 
the ate of a large car plant prqject 

involving Fiat SpA owned by the 
Agnelli family with which BSN has 
worked closely in tbe past. 

BSN’s announcement of a name 
change came as it posted a 13 per- 
cent increase in sales, to 17.75 bil- 
lion francs, in the first quarter. But 
excluding acquisitions and dispos- 
als and the effect of exchange rate 
fluctuations, sales rose just 3.9 per- 
cent in the period. 

That, however, exceeded the 2.9 
percent sales growth recorded in 
the whole of 1993, a year marked, 
by weak consumer spending be- 
cause of the recession in Europe. 

Sales in the quarter were led by 
dairy products, which rose to 5.45 
billion francs from 524 billion a 
year earlier. ( Bloomberg, AFP, AP) 

Cost Cuts Help Veba Profit 

Compiled by Our Staff From Dispatches 

the diversified German utility and 
energy company, said tbe effect of 
cost-cutting measures lifted profit 
35 percent in the first quarter and 
should lead to higher earnings for 
the full year. 

The company said net profit in 
the first quarter rose to 271 milli on 
Deutsche marks ($169 million), 
from 201 million DM. Veba said 
pretax profit rose 19 parent, to 608 
million DM, in the period. 

Profit also rose through higher 
sales. Revenue grew 6 percent, to 
17J billion DM due to higher sales 
of electrical power, chemical prod- 
ucts, trade and services, while oD 
and transportation businesses were 
slightly weaker than during the like 
span last year. 

In an interim report, Veba said 
that as cost-cutting measures begin 
to take effect, it expected profit for 
the full year to be “significantly 
higher” than the 1.01 billion DM it 
recorded last year. 

(Bloomberg, Knighi-Rtdder) 











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001-800 -777-1111 
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^ Top Shipp era 
work on Plan 
for Alliance 

Reassessing China Stocks 

Passion Cools lor Hong Kong listing s 

Relies on 

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America Jralr^i Asia-North 

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yean - Govemauau approvals 

Spin-Off Planned 
Ity Taiwan 9 s Acer 

Agmce France-presse 

TOKYO — The Taiwan com- 
P^»am Acer Inc. wants to spin 
offroost of its activities to become 
a loose group of companies united 
»y the Acer name and by access to 
common technology, the compa- 
m founding chairman, Stan Shih 
said Tuesday. 

^ Mr. Shih said that under this 
disintegration’’ strategy, Acer 
Planned to give up its controlling 
interest in most of the 21 comp*, 
mes n plans to spin off by the end 
of the decade. He said Acer was 
ready to become a minority share- 
holder in various subsidiaries while 
focusing its Taiwan operations on 
the development of new persons! 
computers and industrial activities. 

For example, Acer’s share in its 
Mexica n subsidiary will fafl to 19 
percent after the company's local 
fasting, expected next year. Mr. 
Shih said he also wanted die capital 
expansion of subsidiaries to be 
cpro to employees. Founded in 
1976, Acer is <me the world’s big- 
gest computer companies. It had 
sales of 51.9 billion last year. 

™ fa® obtained if an accord is 

Under an agreement, the compa- 
nies would coordinate their sched- 
ules so that a customer of one ship- 
per would be able to use the 
SWVjces of the others on the routes. 

mus will be a major combina- 
tion — we are certainly all top 10 
players in the world industry," said 
the chief financial officer for Ori- 

®pi Overseas International, Simon 

*** ? a *d such an agreement 
would improve the profitability of 
all four companies. 

The alliance would dovetail with 
a deal reached in March between 
Musm and the three shipping com- 
panies, a so-called Tonnagr Shar- 
ing Agreement The three are Nedl- 
joyd Lijnen, Compagnie Ginerale 
Man time of France and Malaysian 
International Shipping Corp. 

Under that arrangement, Mitsui 
&od the other shippers will launch a 
twice- weekly service between all 
maior ports in Aria and northwest 
EwrOTie beginning March 1, 1995. 

Onent Overseas and American 
President will join diis service if the 
current talks are successful. 

On the trans- Pacific route, an 
casting agreement between Orient 
Overseas and American President 
for the exchange of vessel space, 
coordination of sailings and tenm- 1 
nal sharing would be expanded to I 
include Mitsui, the co mpani es said. 

The four shipping companies 
also are discussing the possibility 
of a joint service by way of the 
Panama Canal from Asia to the 
East Coast of the United Stales, 
they said. 

Each of the four lines would con- 
tinue to maintain separate market- 
ing, sales and customer sendee op- 

Mr. Brough said no equity would 
be involved in the alliance. 

“You don’t need, equity relation- 
ships when you've got trade rela- 
tionships," he said. 

Bloomberg Business Nc*s 

HONG KONG — When China started listing 
state companies in Hong Kong last summer, pent- 
up demand sent prices through the roof. 

Now they have plummeted with a thud, and 
oncc-euphonc merchant bankers are admitting 
that the time has come for a reassessment of 
China’s overseas listings, 

"The rarity of Chinese paper has long gone," 
said Nick Moakes, an analyst with S. G. Warburg 
Securities. “From now on, people are going to be 
more selective about what they buy and the price 
they are willing to pay ” 

No company knows that better than Tianjin 
Bohai Chemical Industry Co. the eighth Chinese 
slate enterprise to Uy its luck on the Hong Kong 
stock market 

The stale-run chemical manufacturer’s public of- 
fering has been fully subscribed — but barely. There 
were valid applications for 340.87 million shares, 
barely surpassing the 340 million lhai the company 
plans to seU The stock is to start trading next week. 

Compared with its predecessor, that is a muted 
reception. China's Gist seven listings of dass-H 
shares — sold by companies allowed to raise funds 
in Hong Kong — were met with a stampede of 
investors. K un mi n g Machine Tool for example, was 
627 times oversubscribed when it came lo market on 
Dec. 7. During their trading debut on Tuesday, 
shares of another China-related stock, the joint- 
venture ING Beijing Investment Co„ fell 17.6 per- 
cent from their issue price; Since December, the 
Jardine Fleming China H Share index — which 
tracks the performance of China stocks — has fallen 
almost 50 percent, to 1.116, from a high of 2^25 as 
of Monday^ market dose 
Ask foreign securities companies why H share 
prices are falling, and most blame the Hoag Kong 
market. The territory's key Hang Seng index of 33 
blue-chip companies has fallen 313 percent since 
Feb. 4, when the U .S. Federal Reserve Board started 
pushing up interest rates to stave off inflation. 

“It's Hong Kong," said Jerry Yim, assistant direc- 
tor of corporate finance at Jardine Fleming Securi- 
ties, a co-sponsor of the Tianjin Bohai listing “The 
issue came at a bad time, with people very nervous. " 

Said Junidti Goto, executive director of invest- 
ment banking at Nomura International (Hong 
Kong) LtcL, “It’s very bad timing to list now. so 
performances are liidy lo be far worse ihan previ- 
ous listings.” 

Nomura will find out for itself next month, 
when (he generator manufacturer Donefang Elec- 

u v > «... 

buying into China's economic ambitious. Gone are 
the heady days of last year, when any stock with a 
China label was snatched up. Investors are con- 
cerned about inflation, speculative investment and 
recently sour economic news. Particularly trou- 
bling are rising debt levels at state-run enterprises 
and mounting unemployment. 

“People are losing confidence in the Chinese 
economy,” said Sonja Jong, China analyst at Mee- 
sPierson Securities (Asia) Lid. 

Chinese companies also may have brought some 
of the problems on themselves. They often pushed 
for listing sponsors to create large oversubscrip- 
tions so they could keep the interest on the money 
bidders put up, security companies say. 

Kunming Machine Tool oetted a 40.9 milli on 
yuan (54.7 million) after-tax gain from investment 


Tlie rarity of Chinese 
paper has long gone. From 
now on, people are going to 
be more selective about what 
they boy and the price they 
are willing to pay/ 

Nick Moakes. analyst with S. G. 
Warburg Securities. 

Investors also are taking a second look before 

income because of the huge oversubscription. Com- 
panies keep money from unsuccessful subscribers in 
the bank for about a week before returning it. 

“Last year’s huge price rises were dearly over- 
done because a lot of investors had unrealistically 
high expectations of H shares," said Mr. Yim. 

Some securities companies even see a silver 
lining, since expectations had grown so wildly. 

“If Tianjin Bohafs subscription level injects a 
note of realism into what Chinese companies de- 
mand of merchant banks, then it can be seen as a 
good thing," said Mr. Moakes of S. G. Warburg. 

Whatever its causes, the dimmished enthusiasm 
for Chinese slocks is not easily dismissed as a 
passing trend. 

“There will be a fundamental change in atti- 
tudes in the way people negotiate Chinese initial 
public offerings in the future," Mr. Yim said. “The 
terms of listings are going to have to be more 

While remaining optimistic about Tianjin Be- 
hai's trading prospects, Mr. Yim conceded that the 
stock was unlikely to sell well. 

First Trial in Bapindo Case 
Begins Noistty in Jakarta 

Singapore to Try New Auto-Toll System 


JAKARTA — Amid rowdy 
scenes in a packed court, the 
trial of Eddy Tansil, the first of 
six suspects charged in a 5430 
millio n stale bank fraud case, 
be gun on Tuesday. 

^ Mr I Tans^tKad rf the Gdkt- 
ea Key - group, is accused . of . 
hampering development plans 
and deorivmgi officials from the 
flatthcun FT Rank Fendwm-. 
gonna Indonesia, or Bapindo, 
into issmng.Ietters of credit that 
have gone unpakl Mr. Tahsfl, 
40, faces a max imum sentence 
of life in prison if convicted. 

Several hundred people 

jammed into Jakarta’s central 
district court, while photogra- 
phers and television crews jos- 
tled to position as Mr. Tonsil 
entered the court 
The 59-page indictment said 
Mr. Tansii deceived bank offi- 
; . dais odo believing he needed 
the fetters of credit to pay for 

R *? er3 bourn must buy a daily or monthly permit. Traf- automatically deduct money to driving to the 

SINGAPORE Singapore, which heavily fic police ticket vehicles that fafl to prominently city’s restricted areas. Mr. Lew said a similar 
(axes cars and restricts their entry into the city’s display the permits on their windshields. technology exists in Florence. Italy, but (hat it 

business district during peak hours, is launch- Authorities fear that Singapore, an island is used for collecting toils and is not a device 

Golden Key group has interests 
' m pctrodsemKals. 

The indictment said direct 
losses of Bapindo, one of seven 
leading state banks, and the 
state amounted to $436.44 mil- 
lion, and there were S1Z44 mO- 
1km of additional costs. 

system in an attempt to reduce traffic conges- 
tion, public-works officials said Tuesday. 

Under the system, now being tested in some 
areas of Singapore, selected entry points will 
send a signal to electronic cards that are fixed to 
vehicles when they pass a marker to enter a ’ 
restricted area. 

Each time a vehicle passes an entry point, a 
fare will be automatically deducted from the 
card, which, like the telephone cards that are in 
widespread use throughout Europe, will store a 
certain value. If the stored-valne card is absent 
or does not contain enough money, the system 
will trigger cameras to photograph the rear 
license plate of the vehicle as it passes- 
Cuneatly, motorists driving to Singapore’s busy 
shopping and business districts during peak 

23 kilometers wide, will soon be clogged by the 
growing numbers of cars and trucks that use its 
roads, mud) as huge traffic jamsbave paralyzed 
other Asian cities such as Bangkok. 

Moreover, rising affluence is prompting 
more Singaporeans to buy cars, despite eye- 
popping price tags. Singapore requires buyers 
to pay a stiff premium for new cars. 

•The new system will allow us to control the 
demand throughout the island.” said Lew Yii 
Der, an executive engineer with the public works 
department. “The current manual system is now 
restricted only to the business district.” 

Mr. Lew and Oon Cheng Lock, head of 
administration and public relations for the 
public works department, said the system 
would be the first implemented in Singapore to 

Mr. Oon said that three consortiums of inter- 
national telecom and electronic companies 
have been short-listed from 10 who origin ally 
bid for the project. 

The consortium comprising Tdedata (Singa- 
pore) Ltd. and Japan’s Nippon Telegraph & 
Telephone Corp- submitted the lowest bid of 
193.4 million Singapore dollars, he said. 

A second consortium, made up of Singapore 
Electronic & Engineering Ltd.. General Electric 
Co. of Singapore. Britain’s General Electric 
Co, and Italy's Marconi SpA, bid 230.9 million 

The third group, which bid 268.9 million 
dollars, is composed of Philips Singapore Ltd. 
and Miyoshi Electric Corp of Japan. 

Sony Playing Hardball With Sega and Nintendo 

Bloomberg Business News 

TOKYO — Sony Coip. chal- 
lenged Nintendo Corp. and Sega 
Enterprises Ltd. on Tuesday, to- 
veiling a games machine called 
PlayStation that will vie for market 
share in the video-entertainment 
industry. _ 

Sony's product will hit the Japa- 
nese market later this year as man- 
ufacturers worldwide introduce 
machines with enhanced graphics 
in an attempt to challenge Nin- 
tendo and Sega- 

“Our machine will come out at a 
turning point in the industry.” said 
Teruhisa Tofcunaga, deputy prcsi- 
dent of Sonv Computer Entertain- 
ment Inc., the subsidiary of Sony 

3 DO Corp* Real Ptegr^roU ® 

Japan bv Matsushita Efectncln- 
di£l 'Co., and machm» tow 
NEC Home Electronics, a unit of 
NEC Corp.. as well as Sega and 


semiconductor technology that 
make it possible to process the 
. huge amounts of data required to 
produce realistic, three-dmienaon- 
al color images. 

industry analysts say that no 
matter how good its graphics, the 
machine's success wEQ depend on 
whether Sony can persuade soft- 
ware developers to produce games 
for the PlayStation. 

“It’s amply a matter of soft- 
ware,'' said Makio Inui, industry 
analyst at Khsnwort Benson Inter- 
national Inc. He said to availabil- 
ity of tides to attract users is what 
makes or breaks a game system. 

Mr. Tofcunaga said Sony has 
lined up 164 software makers in 
Japan to provide games for the 
machine. About 27 titles wiB be 
ready for to PlayStation’s release 
in Japan at the end of this year, he 

without any distortion. The Play- 
Station allows users to zoom in on. 
or even turn upside down, to im- 
age on the screen. 

The key is in to use of more 
than 20 semiconductor chips to si- 
multaneously process the data used 
to create three-dimensional im- 
ages. This parallel-processing sys- 
tem, created by Sony for the PlayS- 
tation. works on the principles of a 


Instead of waiting for one chip 
to process a series of instructions, 
Sony’s system uses several chips to 
process parts of instructions sit the 
same time. A central chip them 
combines to processed parts. 

Mr. ToJnmaga said to PlaySta- 
tion would not have a major effect 
on Sony’s earnings, because it will 
account for only a very small pari 
of to company's sales! 


Al a demonstration of to PlayS- 
tation in Tokyo, Sony Computer 
Entertainment showed on its 
graphics- Using a three-di maogo n- 
al dinosaur image, a wtopany 
technician notated and flipped to 
picture upside down and sideways 

■ Taiwan Challenge to Intel 

United Microelectronics Corp. 
introduced a computer processor 
Tuesday that is compatible with 
Intel Corp-’s 80486 chip. news 
agencies reported from Taiwan. 
United Microelectronics, the 

No. 2 semiconductor maker in T ai- 
wan. said it would begin deliveries 
of to chip this month and that it 
already had 1 billion Taiwan dol- 
lars (S38 million) of orders. 

United’s shares rose 1 dollar lo 
88 on Monday. 

“This is a significant step for 
Taiwan,” said Ben Lee, an elec- 
tronics industry analyst with 
Wardley James Cape! (Taiwan) 
Ltd. But be said United Microelec- 
tronics may face legal disputes with 
Intel, and delivery and profitability 
were uncertain. 

Analysis said the announcement 
was timed to coincide with the 
company's sale Thursday or 5160 
million of debt to foreigners, one of 
the largest ever by a Taiwan com- 

“The liming is deliberate — 
there's no doubt about LhaL 1 ' said 
Jon Ross, chief of Taiwan research 
at HG Asa Securities. United Mi- 
croelectronics will begin the sale of 
convertible bonds to investors in 
Hong Kong on Thursday, an exec- 
utive familiar with the issue said. 

The 486 chip is used as the cen- 
tral processing unit in many per- j 

sonai computers, although Intel's 
top-of-the-Iine Pentium model has 
begun to replace it. 

United Microelectronics strove 
to play down the possibility of re- 
prisals from Intel. “We arc fully 
confident that our products do not 
infringe any Intel CPU patents or 
other related intellectual proper- 
ty.” said (he company’s chairman. 
Robert Two. 

To otnr readers in fra n co 

It's never been easier to subscribe 
and save with our new toll free 

Just call us today at 05-437-437 

i Bloomberg. Reuters ) 

Pa g e *i j 

asia/pacifK * 

T-iang /. ;-V i, h 



Compiled by Our Staff From Dispaukes 

CANBERRA — The Australian 
government is counting on eco- 
nomic growth and increased invest- 
ments to trim its yawning budget 
deficit in to year to June 1 995, the 
country’s treasurer said Tuesday. 

The 1994-95 budget should 
shave about 13 percent from the 
deficit, taking it to 11.73 bflUou 
Australian dollars ($8 billion) from 
the previous years 13.59 billiou, 
Ralph Willis said. 

The 109 bfllion dollar budget 
contained no new taxes and few 
spending cuts aside from lowering 
defense spending by 163 million 
dollars. It relied mostly on acceler- 
ating economic growth, asset sales 
and improved (ax collection meth- 
ods for revenue growth. 

The government expects busi- 
ness investment, which fell 12J 
percent In calendar 1993, (o top 
14 j percent in 1 994-95 for its 
strongest contribution to growth 
since 1988-89, leading to an eco- 
nomic growth rate of 4.S percent 
for the year. 

Growth in the economy is expect- 
ed to slow, however, to 425 percent 
in 1995-96 and 4.0 percent for the 
subsequent two years, while infla- 
tion is expected to remain low al 2J 
percent in 1994-95 and 3.0 percent 
in 1995-96. Mr. Willis said. 

He stressed monetary policy 
would aim to hold down inflation 
and nurture business investment. 

“The challenge before us is thus 
to ensure that inflation is kept low 
while the recovery gains momen- 
tum,'’ Mr. mhs said. 

But economists said to govern- 
ment’s projections for economic 
growth and a sharp drop in to 
deficit were optimistic. 

“It's a budget that assumes ev- 
erything is okay in Australia and 
we’ll continue to grow,” said Ivana 
Bottini chief economist at Society 
Gtnhrale Australia. “It's very 
short-term." (Reuters, AFP) 

Ew tonqe 

: :: , :: ^t*£k= v £ ’ ':*$ .19837.;" C 

•' ' i i ■ i.:- 

• Sfpgapor^- ■ 

■■zszslas:,. *$$$'! $ 

; jSXiaUmi^^ .VT&a? '. > 

: Sfejcfc ^ j i 

Sources: Reuters, AFP 

Very briefly: 

* * “*• j- - ■« ■ ■ * ■ 

Inicmawmal Herald Tribune eft 


- - — i 1 - 

• PepsiCo Inc/s Pepsi-Cola (Thai) Trading Co. plans lo pay 1.3 billion 
baht (S52 million) to increase its 28 percent stake in Serin Suk Co„ a Thai 0 
bottler. It currently has 3 million shares and plans to acquire 5 million 
shares at 240 baht each through a private placement and 3 million shares 11 
as part of a rights offering. Sam Suk's capital will more than double. 1 

• The Petroleum Authority of Thaflaod, Vietnam Gas and Total SA of 

France are to embark on a 20-year joint venture called Vietnam LPG Co-> 
to develop and market liquefied petroleum gas. ^ 

• ABB ASEA Brown Boren AG will invest $500 milli on in China over a cl 

four-year period, but it said a 1 2 percent ceiling on profits will deter direct 
investment in power stations. £ 

• The Export-Import Bank of the United Slates sees opportunity in c 

Indonesia for the financing of infrastructure, power, water, transporta- 
tion and telecommunications projects, the agency's chairman, Kenneth 
Brody, said after meeting with President Suharto. $ 

» Daewoo Sfai p tot akfin g A Heavy Machinery Co, Hyundai Heavy Indus- ’C 
tries Co, Samkmg Heav^ Industries Co, and Hanjm Heavy Industries Co. " 
expect record shipbuilding output of more than 5 million deadweight * 
metric tons this year because of heavy orders received in 1993. Daewoo led “I 
the Korean shipbuilders with orders last year of 4.12 million ions, followed 9 
by Hyundai, with 2.73 ntihioc, Samsung, 1.98 million, and Hanjin. 290,000. ’ 

• Samsung Electronics Co. said it exported $130 million of refrigerator ^ 
compressor technology, equipment and parts to Calex AS of Slovakia 1 
under a 1991 accord that will allow Calex to set up a factory to make 1.5 ‘ 

million compressors a year. 

AFP, Bloomberg, AP. Reuters 

Noiges Bank, the Central Bank, of Noway, is an executive and advisory body 
for moneraiY. credit and foreign exchange policy, and has a key role in the 
country’s payments system. 


Information Department 

Norges Bank (the Central Bank of Norway) has two full- 
time positions for translators working from Norwegian into 
English. The translators' duties primarily entail translation of 
economic texts, essentially relating to monetary, credit and 
foreign exchange conditions. They also work dosely with 
the central bank's printing department during production of 
the bank’s English-language publications. 

Norges Bank seeks a translator to fill one of the positions 
which becomes vacant on I June this year. Applicants 
should have English as their mother tongue, proven know- 
ledge of economics and translating experience in this field. 

The ideal candidate wili be service-minded, well- 
organised and have highly developed interpersonal skills. 

Interested applicants can contact Uv Kielland, Head of 
Information on +47 22 3 1 6 274, or Peter Thomas, 
Translation Manager on +47 22 3 1 6 282 for further details, 
or send a fax to +47 22 3 1 6 410. 

Applications with a full CV should reach Norges Bank, 
P.O. Box 1 179 Sentrum, 0107 Oslo, Norway, 
by 25 May 1994. 



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wd — when distributed, 
wi — when (iuied. 

*« — with war ranis. 
r — ey -dividend or et-rionts. 

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gv 16 



dangers Gain 
■iemis? Devils 
Draw Closer 


n i 













jjjj ■ Vie .Is;, timed r*vw 

1 The New York Rangers, ior the 
J-st time in eight years, are in the 
ffi; jHL's semifinals. 

}L I Brian Leetch set up his team > 
fa vrsi three goals and scored the ra- 
fcr with 3:28 w play as die Rangers 

ft 1 1 ‘al the Washington Capitals. 4--\ 
»■, Monday night. Then Mike Richter 
p? 'reserved the victory with 15 set- 

m — 

onds left stopping Kevin Hatcher s 

screened shot from lhe left circle. 
The Rangers won the series. 4-1. 
and will play New Jersey or Boston 
in Lhe Eastern Conference final. 


1 1 PGA Aide Named 

I; pen? Commissioner 

Sit K M Mhin^n-t l*«l Strruf 

< Hour has made official what most 
jte ik the world of professional goir 
* wad anticipated, selecting Tim Fin- 
Hem. the 47 -vear-old deputy com- 
,7* .nissioner since 1W. to succeed 
JSDeane Beman as the Tours third 
It; 'Commissioner. 


j'S K The vote by the Tournament Pol- 

(:• -?:ci 

U,« J;cv Board was unanimous. 

'Finchem. an aide to President 

The Devils lead that senes. 3-.. 
after beating Boston in the only 
niher game Monday night. 

Adam Graves scored two goals 
and Esa Tikkanen one for New 
York, all in the first period. Kevin 
Hatcher. Shawn Anderson and Syl- 
vain Cote scored Tor Washington. 

Leetch broke a 3-3 tie when he 
took a pass in the slot from Sergei 
Zubov, skated in and beat Rick 
Tabaracci with a forehand shot. It 
was the first goal scored against 
Tabaracci. who had made -4 
straight saves after relieving starter 
Don Beaupre. 

The Rangers hadn't been to a 
conference final since 1986. when 
they lost to Montreal. 

fi-5 nnenem. an aiue iu n«.yv.» Devils Z, Bruins 0: Martin Bro- 
jj-Jimmy Carter, was regarded as lhe deur slopped 22 shots by visiting 
$ [{front-runner for the job since Be- Boslon> malting his coach's goal- 
jfe Ionian announced his intention in . gamble pav off. 

»g March to leave as soon as a new ^ - - • - • 

3». kjman could be selected. 

% Finchem will lake over June 1. 
l?i “We Telt all in all. Tim was the 
Ifr- b; most qualified of all the people we 
| t i talked to.” said Ja> Haas, a player 

j|? representative on the Tournament 
' Policy Board. 

dg fr- Finchem. since the becoming 
I , deputy commissioner and chief op- 
«'• HI crating officer, and has essentially 
T £ handled the day-to-day operation 
of the Tour. 

si. 1 

Corev Millen and Bob Carpenter 
scored in the second period as the 
Devils won their third straight after 
losing the first two games. New 
Jersey can advance to the second 
conference final in its history by 
winning Wednesday in Boston or 
at home Friday night. 

Instead of sticking with goal- 
tender Chris Ternrri — the winner 
of Games 3 and 4 — New Jersey s 
coach. Jacques Lemaire. went back 

W/TMsTI - —imkjm a poking Tine on hi* ear wii|Ssiji^ijo je a 

InteniuiP'nal Herald Tribune • rpfiuest for an autograph- j i 

T ONDON - Andrei Kanctefekis »l Dm ' — »'f—— 

T -C* • w H|j wn of the Old Sonet empire, grew 
JLrf Mianne. children ot tne o television. 

of dreams. Without television. 

up on the remoifisn lore ^ world 

without expecting taJfteSd of Wembley 

and exploit their skills, mey^ a es«..i t.-> muntless 

iSS'Z V nounsh. . ^ 

^Kharine's welcome to London' was *> W 

W& HZ To counties nutter even 

Stadium and bngi i _ t _ ., - r „ r, r ^ff romance, part of t J . ,v, e dav after mown m.- rt»> 

But this Saturday. Kanchelskis and Khanne wil jOuinnes had a break-m. ; . - 

‘It L W of friend*. - 

K»uSelskfi the Ukrainian winger, has ^ t0 |if e in the WesL NexL he needed togustie 

SSSSruBi-d for taJES toi S5£ *»* 10 "* ??*:?r*** 

Z Sn"lS is “ iU 4Ie fSS 0 ^ CtalsS? 1 defenders in fronts 

year as the goalkeeper or the London team johnsen, a Norwegian. 

Imagine . crossed line Moreover. Chelserfs uzm .stora^spniW m, 




r . ' > ~xx 

U nor ^s 

his bonus. £3C',000. if Manchester ^nn.o'mbS' 0 En^Ush. 

■? . - 

''>i: -- . . 

trio, inro n*W 

Kanchelskis and Khanne are young men, estab- 
lished international 

English. , ■ 

Rharine took time to swde. juSt M-Kanch^kis 

players, whose 

dreams translate utiahes 
into hard currency. 

And on Saturday. 

&J m . 

Ses-0^'iSrw3i Shnrpi ^1^2 

while still teenagers. 

Shen it is winner take all. KanchdAift ' wiU stride! like a 
whippet down the wing, cutting inside to attempt to 
run down Khanne. 

Both will surely have family m the >udiuni. family 
of modest Slavic stock sated within earshot of the 
Roval Box. Kanchelskis. from time to time. p*3[* ™ 
Ws'moiher-ift-law to visit his wife and Andrei junior in 
the shire country outside Manchester. 

Maybe; for this special day, he can persuade his own 
mother to take time out from her job m a automoUe 

tt 7TTH ENGLISH TEAMS becomihg cosin^cH- 

\\/ . , r .an, MlU~d . 

Y> tan ( 

T ▼ tan (Manchester United boasts seven uaaon^ 
iucs on its 11-man squad) the UknunUnwhipaand 
the Russian goalie have only to be ro« to. 
integrate. Neitber Kanchelskis nor Khanne a taewo 
to wffer from the threats and exiorhon Hat jme 
Russian hockey players in the United Stattthavehal 
to weather from burgeoning gangsters bac£ tore, v 
Nor did they require a marriage of.coflyefliencft as 
Alexander Mostovoi did to join Benfica inT^al 

n ‘ . _ ft. i:.n o *\A fQitml thorn dr 

. ;i- 1^ ■* 

f*" — i*. 
^ . 


. - '-A; 

tip**'-' - 

— j ■ m , Aver 

Nor has England’s police arrested and 
did Igor Belanov on shop-lifnngcharga; 
. r — Kt-L 

motner to taxc uu*c «*■. f . ^ 

bS S ^^ o wouJd ^ ^ iSS tta probfemsare/n gdnghact 

she might comprehend herbiy, now rj- cgnamly. Kharine possibly, are among a group* 
make ihis his last appearance m Manchester unueu yea w , » - — . — \ — e—„v nuinnj(u«. 

SSSi' ta dKnKftm da* to S15.0Q0. per »«* P^™. »“ 

----- - •*-& 

• - ivSf& 
*»■ «o 


to the rookie and Brodeur came up 
with his first playoff shutout. He 
had four point-blank stops, includ- 
ing two in close in the first period 
to keep the game scoreless. 

Millen scored 1:23 mto the sec- 
ond period. The Bruins never got 
the puck out of their zone and Car- 

penter got a loose puck near the 
end boards. He found Millen inline 
right faceoff circle, and Millen 
banked it off the goalpost pi?i 
goalie Jor. Casey. . 

New Jersey got another goal with 
“>2 seconds left in the second pcriixi 
w hen defenseman Ray Bourque of 

the Bruins couldn’t keep the puck 
in Lhe Devnls’ zone. Lemieux and 
Carpenter act a 2-cn-l breakaway. 

Ltmieux' carried the puck into 
the Boston zone and sent a cross- 
ice pass that Carpenter one-tuned 
between Casey’s legs from the top 
of the right fa'ceoff circle. 


couia De at ns*, rui wuuuhuw— — - . ■ 

rj- HE HOT LINE hu Juvrnlus in luly. S^illci; 

I lalv. Seville in paCK into power in vu ^ r ■ JZZ 

innocence wdi which Kanchelskis arrived in England, the good of the people. ... , 

Officials, can wr ever trastfiewf 



li fl* Maior League Standings 

i Jft!* 1 1 — " " 1 

Etnl Division 

?(:* ?*•- 

W L 


New York 

70 W 



19 10 



70 1» 



17 IS 



12 to 

Central Divlrtoh 



to 14 


Mliwaui ec 

to 14 


i.ansos City 

15 to 

J1 T 


U 14 



ia n 
Wvst Division 


13 16 



13 17 



13 20 



9 22 


East Division 

W L 


Npw York 
Phiiodc lento 

Si. Look 
O ilcwo 

San Francisco 
Los AnoelK 
San Dina 

l» 11 
P M 
17 M 
17 IS 
17 1® 

Central Division 
It 19 
17 U 
15 U 
« » 
wear Division 
17 is 
IS 17 
13 ie 
IQ 71 





















Monday's Line Scores 


Morris. Mean IB) and Pena; J. ABbon.wicV- 
mon ill, X. Hernande: Wl ana StonUrv. w—J. 
ASboti, 4-2. l— M orris, 1-4. Sv— X. Homandai 
(51. HPs— Cleveland. Boilo Hi. ftamirei 171. 
Milwaukee ill « II i 

Koslon m DM m-4 • » 

l gnaslaK. Orosco til- Bronkov (B1, Llovd tBI. 
Scanlan '*1 ond Matlwnv. Horper 17*.- Darwin, 
FfOhwlrtli (71. Passes <81, Ooantrlh IB) one 
Rowland. W— lona-Jak, 1-0. l— C orwin, S-l 
HRs— Boston. Cooper 18|. Flctchor Ul. 
Mlmusotk Ml SOU 00 #— 9 12 o 

Kansas C|lr Ml 101 001-S » * 

Tapani. Gutnrle 1*1, Willis t*>. ond Wal- 
tseck; Hanev. Meacnam (*>. Bollnda 111 and 
Mactariane. vv— Tapani. 2-2. L— Honev. M 
Sv— wiliis 111. ... 

Seattle M0 10# 001-2 7 # 

Chltono W)0 011 000—2 7 0 

H Wwr d. RtUrr U>. T. Davis 1*1. Arola 1*1 

and D. Wilson; Alvaros. DeLeon «*1 ana KarHO- 
vlCC.W-RI5iov.2-a L — DeLeon. 0-1 5v— Avata 
(41. HPs— SeattML PlrM ia). Fev/nin (11. 
Toronto #M 1" M*-’ * ® 

Baltimore MO 001 IIP— 4 1 0 

A. Loiter, Timlin (71, Codaret (71 and Bor- 
dors: S. Fernanaes. Williamson IB), Poolo (81. 
lo. Smith (91 and Hones. W— 3. Femanoe*. 2- 
a L — A. Lclier, 2-2. Sv— La. Smltn 1 141. 
CaiHamia #» «* «•- * 1 ! 

Texas W «M 3*-" 14 0 

Mao rone, Dopson (Ai. B. Pattorson (71. 
Leals (71. Sompen (Bl and FoDrooos; Reed. 
Oliver (ai. Whites ide Iai. Caroenler (Bl.Hon- 
aycurt (91 ond J. Ortlt. W— Reed, 1-1. L-Mo- 
oraito, M. HR— Toaos. Canse«» (Bl. 

Colorado #1# «• *»- 5 1 ! 

San Fmnclico 004 032 lls-12 10 • 

Pi mow. Maoru |5). Holmes 171 ana Girardl; 

M icherson. Manteloonc (7 i.Gomes 1*1 ana Mon- 
mrms. w — Hlckorsorv 2-1. L— Revnosa 2-3. 
HRs— Colorado. Goiqrrooa OH* Ham (41. 
Burks (111. Mella (41, Johnson (31. San Francis- 
co. Ma Williams (Wl- Bonds (Bl. Benshioer (2). 

PIUMMPtlla 001 #10 000—2 4 • 

Atlanta 411 000 I9x— 7 10 o 

Judea Carter 131. Mk. williams 101 and 
Oaultan: Avery. Stanton (Bl and J. Loaez. 
O'Brien (Bl. W— Avery. 3-t. L— Juden. l-L 

hrv— P hiladelphia. Chamberloln (Jj.Atlan- 
lo. Pendleton («, McGriH (Bl. justice Ml- 
New York MW •»“» * ! 

Moatraal i« ol# ooe— < * ’ 

Semina ro. Mason Ml. Franco i*l and Wn- 
nett; Rueter. Show (4>. Scon IT). Rotas (71 
and D. Fletcher. Spehr (*). W-Moson. M. 
L— Polos. 7-1. Sv— Franco (Bl. HRs New 
York. Seoul 141. Montreal. U Walker Ml. 
Plttskurah 120 011 #»-* « » 

Florida HI 010 11 1 

Cooke. Hope (51. A. Peno t»>, Mlcell (>». 
White (9) ond SKtuant; Boww. Aaulno (71. t. 
Peres (Bl. Rapp (91 and Santlow- C. Johnson 
,81. W- A. Pena 1-0L L-BowMH, MP-FlO’- 

Ido, Conlne (Bl. , 

Chicago 0#0 19#—* u ’ 

SLLOUIS on » IIH » 0 

Trachsoi. Plesac (Bi, Bautista (Bl. Myers 
(9) ond Wilkins; Arocha Eveis9era fat. Cl- 
moreiil (A). R. Rodrleuei 171. W. Smith »7I. 
Murohv (Bi and Pnanaul. W-TrachsuL- 
L-Arocna. 1-3. Sv-Mvers (51. HRs-Ch - 
caoo. Zambrano 2 (41. St. Louis. Jetlerlos Ml. 
Cincinnati «M 001 200-2 9 1 

Sanoirao «■ 0,1 BO0 - _1 J f 

Brawnlna- J. RuWn («• McElrav «*». J. 
Branllev 191 and Doraott; Soaer. PA MaHI- 
nei (7), Elliott (71 and Ausmus. 'tt J. Ruitln 
(5,.L— PJLMdrllnei. 0-1. Sw-j. Branllev Ml. 
HR— Son Dleoo, Piantlor |9». 

Houston «» * •»-« ' • 

Lot Anatles no #B# 02#— 9 >0 o 

Klie.Hmn* MkMl. Will lams lOiarvl Scrvals: 
Candlotll. Wayne 131, Dual (A). McDowell 10). 
Chum (91 ond Ca. Hot-nonOei. w— Osuna. 1-0. 
L— Ml. WlJJJoms, 1-2. HRs— Houston. Biwwtll 
(Bl. Los Anaeb*s. walloch (10). Mondesi U). 

The Michael Jordan Watch 

don pooped up In toul lerritorylnmesevenhi io 
catcher Mine Hubbard lor (he Borons' second 
out. He made tour putouls in rtoni Held 
SEASON TO DATE: Jordan is nltllna 2A' 
(24-92) with nine stolen bases and to RBIs. hc 
has walked eight limes ond struct out 7 * limes. 

Japanese Leagues 




































's Heuius 

I’amlui i 7, 

Yakull 1 

Honshin B. ChunieW l 

Yokohama 5. Hiroshima 1 

Podhc Leamie 



















Niooon Ham 12 





















Seibu B. Orlv 3 
Dale! 8. Nippon Ham 
Lolie l. Kinlelsu 0 

MONDAY'S GAME: Facing me Orlande 
Cuts at Tinker Field. Jordon warn O-tor-3 wtoi a 

walk and o Stolen base In me Barons' 3-2 vidarv . 

In Hie first Inning, he lined oul to deep rlghl held. 
Jordan ended the third mnlns on a routine chop- 
per io short, in me sixth, he walked on four 
pitches ond stole second after drawing tnree 
throws hi first (ram pitcher Jose Gusmor, who (s 
on rehoWINnton assignment (ram Chicago, jor- 

American League 

BOSTON— Pul Jatm Valcntia ir.iisidsr.^i .5- 
ajydlsobMailst.reiraocii.e idWj. «•. Recalled 
Gar FImwoIc. pirener. tram Pewtuci et. IL. 

DETROIT— Put Junior Felix- oullielder. on 
15-dav disabled list- reiroacilve to Ma> 5. Re- 
called John Floherty.calcher. irom Tjicao. Il_ 

MILWAUKEE— Recoiled Mtoe ignosiaf. 
pitcher. Irom Now Orleans, ap. Seni Mali 
Mleske. outfielder, io New Orlcons. 

SEATTLE— Recoiled Roger Catkcia oitcr.- 

er. irom Calaary. PCI- Optioned Jim Con- 
verse, pitcher. Io Catoorv. 

TEXAS— Sem Andrea in Lewis. outllelOer. 
lo Cleveland to complete iroae Involving Ju- 
nior Orils. ... 

TORONTO-Put Aie» Goncoietoulllelder. 
cn 15-dav disabled list, retroactive to April 29 
Called up Rob Buhcr, outfielder, from Syra- 
cuse- il. 

Nbf ionol League 

COLORADO-Acttvatcd Kent Boltentlela 
Pitcher, irom 15-aay disabled iisl.OPttoned vin- 
n.e Casliila inftolder. lo Colorado Sprlnos,PCL- 
HOUSTON— Optioned Brian Williams. 
Pitcher, lo Tucscon. PCL. Soughi conlroci 
Dove '/eres. Pilcher, from Tucson. 

MONTREAL— Recoiled Pomfcll While. 
ruMie'der. from Ottawa. IU Optioned JoH 
Gjrarwr. inlio'der, la Ottawa 
PHiLADELPHIA— Pul Ben Rivero, Pilch- 
er. pp ts-dav disabled list i clroacHvo to May a 
R ecaltod Mike Williams, pll chc r. Irom Scran- 
torj-wllKes-Barre. il. 

PITTSBURGH— Oplioned Bias Minor. 
Pitcher. la Buitalo. AA. Recoiled John How, 
sitcner. (ram Buitalo. 

SAW DIEGO— Recalled Jose Martinez, 
Pitcher, from Wichita. TL. Put Tim Mauser, 
altcncr. on 15-dav disabled list. 


Notional Basketball Association 
5EATTL E— Signed RlckvPlerce.9uard.iD 
1 -vear conlroci extension. 


National Football League 
ARIZONA— Released Eduardo Gonzalez, 
auarreroock. ondMcrla Branson, running back. 

CINCiNNAT i — signed Tront PollaraoHon- 
give tackle, lo 3-*ear conlroci. 

PITT iBURGH— Jim Boston. Duslness mqn- 
agjr. relired. Stonea Justin Sirzeiczvk. guard. 

Notional Hockey League 
N.Y. ISLANDERS— Have entered 3-year 
agreement with Denver, IHL. Named Butch 

Garlng coddi ond general manager at Denver. 


CAL ST.-FULLER TON— Bill Shumord. dL 
rector of athieiies. resigned. 

Monday's NHL Playoffs 



Washington J J 

N.Y. Rangers * A • 

N.Y. Rangers grtn s«rles 4-1 
pint period— 1- Now York. Graves 6 
(Leefch. G. Anderson), I; 4 a 2, Washington. 
Hatcher 3 (Rldievi, S.33 ish). 3. New Yerk. 
Graves 7 ILoetch, M. Messier). ,;0 '- *■ jjew 
York. Tikkanen 3 (Zubov, Leetch). 8:54- 5, 
Washington. S. Anderson t (Khrlstlch, Hunt- 
er). 14:20. Penalties— Berube, Was 1 cross- 
check ing). 4 : 00, Peake. was (roughing). 7:M; 
Kocur.NY (roughing). 7:3B; Bouk«»otn,Nr 
i interference 1, 9: 17; Reeklo. wo* Itrloolno). 
12:42: Janes, wosiraugtilng). 15:40; Kovaiev. 
NY (roughing). 15:4B; cute. Was tslastilngi, 
17:5).' Mbiteou, NY (slashing). 17:51: Kar- 
povtsev. NY (tripping). 17:51. 

Second Pertod-N cm*. Renames— Hatcher. 
Was lholdlngI.7:32; Karaavtsev. NY tilash- 
inai. !Q:Z7; M. Messier. NY (irlpplnal. 1S:S1; 
Hunter. Was (cross-checking). 19:46: 
Larmer, NY (cross-checkm#). 1*:44. 

TBIrfl Period— 4. Washington. Cote 1 
(Miller. Riaie/i. :77. 7. New York. Leetch 5 

CZubcv), 1# :22. Penal ties— H unier. Was ( hold- 
ing). 2:05: Tikkanen. NY [slashing). 9:J»; 
Jones- was icharging). 17:16; Noonan, NY 
(roughing). 17:16. 

Stats on goal— Washington 12-4-1 5—31 .New 
York 19-7-10—34; pow w ploy opportunities- 
— wasningtonDof 5; New Yorknof4;goplle»- 
— Washington. Beaupre (11 ltiotsJ) saves), 
Tabaracci. 0-? (B:5e first. 25-841. New Yon, 
Rlchier. 5-1 137-281. 

B«t»n • ■ 

New Jersey ® 5 M 

New Jersey toads series M 

First Period— None. Penaltleo— Roberts, Baa 
WWw1li*lfiol.B:4S,' Reia B ob (hook too l.l 4:54. 

second Period— I, New Jersey, Millen l 
(Carpenter). 1:211 New Jersey. Carpenter 1 
(Lemieux. Ctarske). 1»:38- Penoine- 

s— Hughes. Bos Isloshlna). 4:43t Driver. NJ 
(iwerferwwel. 18:45/ Nlchcrfto. NJ ItaW/tal. 

14:21; LeoctL Bos ireughltto). ad'.OO; AHtolln. 
Nj (roughing), 20:00. 

Third Period— Nano- Penalties— Weslav. 
Bos (hooking). 3:2fl: Hughes. Bos 
■nee). 10:3B; MocLean. NJ (hooking). 12:29. 

Shots an goal — Bos ton 8-7-7— 22. New Je rsey 
7-15.1—73; pcwir-ptoy opportonttle*— Boeton 
0 of 3; New Jersey 0 of 5f goalies— Boston. 
Casey. 5-5 (23 sluKs-21 savcsl. New Jersey. 
Brodeur. 5-5 (22-221. 


Tour ol Spain 

On this side of the coatuent,.qiiii 
more than 100 yean of playmate 
certain rules, we have begu n M ca jje-j . .. . 
sanity over the most fundainoHd ■ .-n 

of them. . ■ . slrr.:' 

On April 23, Bayern Munkh'ttd ; 
Nurmberg played a malch.iopa 1 
tant to both .the Gamut lap: 
championship and relegation, w - 
ern won, 2-1, but tcleviflQi ydtej 
seeing eye and the 

ived that e “goal” by TIwm 
lelmer did not cross the line. 

So the Bundesliga made fle . 
teams play again, and . 

Bayern whipped Nurembert'54 
Instead of preservingjustw.itfW' . 
veried iL Nuremberg, haring Jp-; 
pealed the firei result, bad oaup W/. 
to beat a fellow relegation «o| k 


‘ '"w. 4 



Resuirs from TwNort Wh *too*f W2 hl * 
tometors OU mil**) Nom Sairtandor to Lo- 
Bos <to Coytto an oo: l. Lourcnf Jatobart, 

France, ONCE. 3 hours, 42 ml nut os. » sec- 
onds: 2. Roberto Torres. S pq to. Lotus-Fesima. 

• wands behind: 3. A runes Cooole. Umoo- 

nlawtS-Festhw- 1:05 behind, '<Juon Marti- w JThSi’tefliSt* 

na Soalra Euskodi. 1:16 behind: 5-__Carlos glcr, Ar\, and Went batt 10 _ 
n«wr«M.s<Min.Ci»lellbianch, 1:57 behind; niasiathod, MlilllCil 1CS5 lOBOOBV tgj. 


net. aooin, uimnh • -^rr, 

Go tor rare. Stain, Casieilbianch, 1 :57 behind. 
6, FaWa ROKMI. Italy. Brescia 101. 2:09 bi»- 

hji«j; 7. Jaf»»y WeilfcOemnark, Artlach.2:22 

behind: B, Tony Rominaer. SwUwrtond, Ma- 
pef-Ctos, 2:47 behind: 9, Olive rlo Rincon. Co- 
lombia. ONCE, 2:49 behind: ID. Mlkel Zorra- 
behia. Spain. Banesia, 2:51 behind. 

Overall standings: I. Romingor.72:55;24;i 
Zamswiffa, 5:02 Behind.' 1 Poaro Delgado, 
Spain. Banesto. 4:55 behind: *. Alex Zulto. 
Switzerland. ONCE. 7130 behind: 5. Rincon, 
8:15 behind: 6, Luc LeBlanc, France. Loras- 
Festtna 9:47 behind: 7. Vlcento Aporiclo, 
Spam, Banesto. 10:49 behind: B. Luis Pere*. 
Spain. Casieilblanch. 1 1 :21 behl nd; 9, Fernan- 
do Escartln. Spain, Mapef-Oas, is: I9behlnd; 
m Paolo Lanfranchl, Italy. SoeeoWiercatone. 
13:45 behind. 

less competiuve. . ; v Jt-:; _ 

The subsequent five-god^ . 

put Bayern ahead rather tow S; . 
hind its rival Kaiserstartaa® zp.'^ •; 
goal difference. And, last Saurn^ iL..; ; 
Nuremberg dropped oat rf”.* i^’ .r 
vision, demoted on goal on W 5 ®- a :2? j ’ 

Worse. FIFA had altow^gj . 


Cameroon 3, Greece D 
South Africa 2. Zambia 1 

forL_ r _,, . 

The lawyers will i 

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in the IHT 

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Reds’ Browning Breaks 
Vrm in Freak Mishap 

Marling Sheffield Dislocates Shoulder 


Tot* r KASWc,a '«lf , r a i 

a »&£cEft&'3 M off 

off.NoSieS^f^ r,el f waUt «2 

would rcu^ wben rilfa er 

It w^s a ^ of bad injuries. 

toiTu'te e ‘ bo * mddi ‘^ 

wfriSfK ^ dislocated his 
JJjAoiiIita 1 darin s the Florida 
game in Miami. 

, tne Reds said Browning bad suf- 

rKSif 7?2*. ab0 « ^ ^hes 
ESS omuneters) below the 
powder, where the deltoid tendon 


muscles. The deltoid muscles are 
responsible for shoulder motions to 
the front, side and back. 

With the bases loaded and a 0-1 

wunt .against Archi Ganfrocco 
Brawny made what seemed like a 
nomtaT delivery But the ball wob- 
bl«i off well to the left of the plate 
MdBrow Mneco „ apa:didutch , 1]g 

He lay motionless for about five 
rnmutes while being tended to, then 
was taken bom the field 

M ! heard a snap,” Ganfrocco 
wid. “J never saw his hand come 
through. I never saw the ball on his 

The wild pitch allowed Ray Hol- 
bert 10 score, giving the Padres a 2- 
1 lead. 

Browning asked if the run had 
scored, shortstop Barry Larkin 


on a 

said, adding: “He still bad a sense 
of humor,” 

Johnny Ruffin relieved Brown- 
tog and struck cut Ganfrocco. 

The Reds won the game, 3-2, 
after Bret Boone doubled leading 
off the seventh and scored on Brian 
Dorseit*s single. Dorset! moved 
around on Larkin’s sacrifice bunt 
and one wild pitch by Pedro Marti- 
nez, then scored on another wild 

Browning, who pitched the per- 
fect game in 1988, against Los An- 
geles. missed three months of the 
1992 season because of ligaments 
ruptured in a home-plate coffisoa. 
In 1993, he was out the final two 
months with a pitching bund frac- 
tured by a ground ball. 

“This is a very rare injury,” said 

the Reds’ assistant trainer, Doug 
Sprees. Tve never heard of one. 
The only thing I’ve ever beard of, a 
fracture from throwing the ball, 
was Dave Dravedty. That was from 
other things, There’S no prece- 
dence, at this point, if you think 
about iL” 

The humerus is the bone that 
Dravccky fractured while making a 
pitch in Mooted in 1989, 10 
months after that bone was frozen 
during surgery to remove a cancer- 
ous tumor. His left arm was ampu- 
tated in 1991 to halt the cancer. 

Pirates 9, Martins 5: Gary Shef- 
field hurl himse lf trying to make a 
diving catch on Tom Foley’s dou- 
ble in the sixth, but stayed in the 
game for another out before leav- 

Sheffield, batting .312 with 12 
homers and 33 RBIs, was to under- 
go further tests on Tuesday. 

The Marlins also lost starting 
pitcher Ryan Bowen, who hurt his 
left side, and relief aoe Bryan Har- 
vey was forced to leave a rehabilita- 
tion assignment in the minors be- 
cause of tightness in his right 

The Pirates’ Andy Van Slyfcehad 
his streak of eight straight hits 
but later hit a two-run 

Orioles’ Fernandez 
Hits 100, Luckily 

The Associated Press 

For Sid Fernandez, his 100th vic- 
tory in the major leagues was more 
a relief than a triumph. 

“I got real lucky tonight," he said 
after the Baltimore Orioles beat the 
visiting Toronto Blue Jays, 4-1. 

The left-hander walked six and 
allowed four farts in 7 Vi inning *, but 
only gave up the one ran against 
the highest-scoring team in the ma- 

“I think I only threw one curve far 
a strike he said. “1 walked a lot of 


■ and there were some line drives 
at people. You gst away with it 
eway now and then, but the majority 
of tbe time, against a team Bee To- 
ronto you ddnYaet away with iL” 

■ Still, he added, “Finally, it s over 
with and I can go on pod win some 
mart” "- •* ;• 

way Park to help hand Boston its 
season-high fourth straight less. 

Yankees 4, Indians 3: Pat Kelly 
hit a two-run double and Mike Gal- 
lego doubled twice as Hew York, 
playing at home, won its fourth 

Mariners 3, White Sox 2: Felix 
Fennin hit a two-oat, ninth-inning 
homer, his first this season and the 
fourth of his career, as Seattle won 
in Chicago. 

Chicago starter Wilson Alvarez, 
trying for his 14th consecutive reg- 
ular-season victory, got a no-deci- 

TVins 9, Royals 5: Pat Meares 
had three hits and drove in three 
runs for visiting Minnesota, which 
has won six of eight 

9, Astros & Tim Wal- 
laces two-out, two-run homer 
capped a four-run rally in the ninth 
against Mitch Williams, and Los 
Angeles beat visiting Houston. 

The Dodgers scored three times 
in the eighth to dose to 8-5, then in 
tbe ninth pinch-hitter Mike Piazza 
got a two-run single and Wallach 
followed with bis 10 th home run of 
the season. 

Braves 7, Phillies 2: Fred 
McGriff homered, doubled and 
drove in three runs as Atlanta, 
playing at home, beat Philadelphia 
in their first meeting since last 
year’s playoffs, 

Terry Pendleton and David Jus- 
tice also homered as tbe Braves 
woo for the fourth time in five 
games. The Phillies have lost five of 
six overall and nine of 10 on the 

Giants 12, Rockies 5: Barry 
Bonds hit a grand slam and Man 
W illiam* a three-run homer as San 
Francisco overcame five bases- 
empty homos by visiting Colora- 

For Sampras, 
Plot Thickens 

— * 


Lmunn MHIkt/ Ftamci, 

Pete Sampras, serving to Aaron Krickstein: “When I'm not playing well, I have found away to win." 

By Ian Thomsen 

International Herald Tribune 

ROME — It was a forgettable 
Tuesday, a rough draft written to 
be thrown away. Tbe deadline is 
not until June S, m Paris, and Pete 
Sampras was simply building to- 
ward it with a 6-1, 7-6 (7-2) victory 
over Aaron Krickstein in the first 
round of the Italian Open. 

“Fm going to try to give myself 
in the next match a little more mar- 
gin of citot," be said. “I don’t know 
what my serving percentage was — 
probably in the 30s — and that isn’t 
whCTe 1 want u to be, especially on 


He said he had been trying to hit 
too many big serves — he put only 
41 percent of them into play, and in 
his mind he seemed to be scribbling 
down that statistic. Don't shoot for 
the tines so much. He was going to 
aim closer to center the next tune. 
He was not going to force iL 

The French Open, on clay, is less 
than two weeks away, and the 
world’s top-ranked practitioner of 
tennis has been preparing for it since 
be won the Australian Open in Jan- 
uary. He has beat thinking about it 
certainly, and perhaps trying a few 
things be might use when it comes 
time to settle down and attack the 
thing. It is tbe only Grand Slam 
title he has failed to win, and to win 
it now would give him a consecu- 
tive Grand Slam of sorts. 

“It would be four in a row, 
wouldn’tit?” he said slyly; it would 
be the Dm best thing to Rod Laver’s 
Grand Slam 25 years ago. Sampras 
held bis breath fora theatrical mo- 
ment and said, “1 really have not 
thought about it It’s the last thing 
on my mind at this poinL” 

He probably does not think 
about iL in the way a writer cannot 
think of the roy alties while the pro- 
tagonist’s fate is still in doubt, the 
way a golfer can go amiss by think- 
ing he has it won on the 14th green. 
What Sampras certainly has been 
drinking is how he is going to win in 

ter Sampras, Boris Becker, thGr 
three-time Wimbledon champ falC 
en to a No. 8 seeding, a 6-1, 1-6,6- 
whmer against Karel Novacd ± 
then Andre Agassi, surviving T< e 
mas Carbonefl of Spain. 4-6, 6-1, y a 
tsev d 

5, after trailing by 1-3 to the last 
Michael Stick, seeded second H 
less phoiQgmthed than the other 
struggled a bit in beating Davi 
Rikl of tbe Czech Republic, 7-6 (7 - 
4) $-4. Goran Ivanisevic, anodic 
big server, who was beaten by Con , 
tier in last year's final, got by Amo 1 
Maasdorf of Israel, 6-4, 7-6 (7-2)l f 
After three weeks of practice cm 
clay in Florida, Sampras began layL 


youngest winner of a tour event » 
His long hair is from an era when A 
every player was hoping to becomO 
the next Connors or Borg or band's 
danacd McEnroe. In the sun_ 
Krickstein standing alongside the*- 
clean-cut Sampras, you said,^ 
“Krickstein sure is going to be bol " 
under all that hair." n 

Bonds hit his third sbm in the 
majors, and his eighth homer of tbe 
year, in the third inning. Williams 
connected in die sixth. 

Todd Benzinger also homered 
for tbe Giants, while the Rockies 
set a team record with the five 
home runs, by Ellis Burks. Andres 
Galarraga, Charlie Hayes, Roberto 

Mqia and pinch-hitter Howard 
Johnson. The eight homer are the 
most hit in an NL game this year. 

Cubs 6 , Cardinals 3: Eddie Zam- 
brano hit two two-run homers and 
Chicago. just I- 1 2 at Wriglev Field, 
pulled to 8-8 on the road. 

Sl Louis has scored only nine 
runs in losing four of the first five 

games on an eight-game home 

Zambrano has 1 1 hits this season 
and seven Tot extra bases, with four 
of them borne runs. 

Mets 5, Expos 4: David Segui 
had a solo bonier in the eighth as 
New York won in Montreal for its 
fifth triumph in six games. 

Paris, of the plot he is~ going to 
is stiB only 22 and it is the 

write. Heis 
most stubborn requirement of his 
job, to realize that he can accom- 
plish only so much in one day. 

Trooping though Center Court 
were his most charismatic rivals, 
one following the next: Jim Cburi- 
er, in pursuit of a third straight tide 
here, beating the Czech qualifier 
Libor Nemecek, 6-3, 6-3; then, af- 

seemed to win confi- u 
deace Iran the match — starting] 
weR, struggling with his serve in 
ways he felt were correctable, and % 
still serving big on the biggest J 
points. “II you don’t play well 5 
against Aaron, you’re going top 
lose," be said. But then Sampras’s^ 
biggest improvement has come in 3 
the matches be used to lose. 

’’Compared to two or three years 
ago, Tve been warning a lot of t' 
matches where I was not playing & 
that writ," be said. “Tm not really k s 
getting down on myself after a bad n t 
point or a bad game. Tm quick to ' 
recover and keep my composure. 
When you play well, obviously y 
that’s not a problem. When I’m not , 
playing weQ, I have found a way to l 
win." J 

“Even if he’s done real well, once ' 
be gets on the clay be might second- u 
guess himself,” Krickstein said. ' 
“The more matches he plays, the „• 
more he wins over the next two ^ 
weeks, the better off he’ll be." 

For sure, Krickstein added, "He 
couldn’t go into these tournaments 
feding any better than he does this ‘ 

So this week is about finding a ’ 
routine, about not losing one’s bal- ; 
ance at the neL It is not yet about " 
winning the consecutive Grand 
Slam. It is about finding the way to 1 

r 3 


Jalabert Wins Again, in Mountains 

diets than pitching. He is 100-79 in * ‘ — 

10 seasons with the New Yorit Mets, 
two games with Los Angeles and 
now five games with the Orioles. 

Brady Andetsoo, in an 0-for-20 just over two minutesoff the pace but easily kept the fivo-mmote overall 
broke a 1-1 tie with a sacri- fcad he has held since the first stage. Ronringei also las five stage 
victories in tins year’s race. 

Tuesday’s stage was a 147.7-kilometer (91.6-mfle) ride that finished 
with a special category drmb to 1,130 meters, in which Jalabert surprised 
the Odd, finishing in 3 hours, 42 minutes, 20 seconds. 

Coach Takes Pacers on a Well-Deserved Ego Trip 

LAGOS DE COVADONGA, Spain (AP) — France's Laurent Jala- 
bert, best known as a sprinter, won Tuesday’s moumaffi-dimbing 16 th 
stage of tbe Tour of Spain for his fifth stage victory in this year’s race. 
Two-time defending champion Tony Rominger of Switzerland finished 

fice fly in the seventh, then Balti- 
more pulled away with two runs in 
tbe eighth. Greg Cadaret walked 
Mask McLenwrc with the bases 

hSb* - aS t£ rSwintch Tshwete to Head South Africa Sports 

that allowed another run. mil a f n> /Ant M*lcnn ManH^ln Kac ann/tintmt 

Lee Smith, the Orioles’ fourth 
pitcher, got three outs for his major 
league-leading 14th save. He has a 
save or win in 15 of the Orioles* 19 

Rangers 1 L Angels Jose Can- 
seco went 3-for-5 with four RBIs, 
and Juan Gonzalez went 2-for-3 
with three RBIs, as Texas beat vis- 
iting California. 

Canseco, who had had one hit in 
his previous 10 at-bats, hit a two- 
run nomer during a four-run third 
fnmng , doubled boose a run in the 
seventh and singled in one in the 

i7. Red Sox 4: Bill Spsers 
twice singled in a. nm as Milwaukee 
jumped ahead early, then Mike Ig- 
Tiactfliq recalled from tbe minors 

JOHANNESBURG (AFP) — Nelson Mandela has appointed Steve 
Tshwete, the ro a n who paved the way for South Africa's return to 
international sport, as ins Sports and Recreation Minister. 

Mandela, sworn in as Scwth Africa’s first black president in Pretoria 
earlier Tuesday, broke the news to soccer fans during the halftime break 
in a friendly match and said, “It is largely because of him that we today 
have a match between Zambia and Scwth Africa.” 

Tshwete, 56, who saved 15 years in prison with Mandela, played a 
major role in bringing about unity in South African sport, earning his 
nickname of “Mr. Flat" from his ability to smooth the way for black and 
white sports a dmini s t rators to overcome their vast differences. 

By Ira Berkow 

Nw York Tima Service 

INDIANAPOLIS — The way Lam’ 
Brown remembers it, the first thing he said 
to Reggie Miller, after Brown bad been 
named coach of the Indiana Pacers last sum- 
mer, was, “Reggie, you’re not going to warn 
to hear this, but . . 

The way Reggie Miller, the star guard and 
high scorer of the Pacos, remembers iL 
Brown said, “Reggie, you’re going to have io 
make sacrifices . . 

Turns out that Miller did not mind hearing 
it at aO, and that he did make sacrifices — 

coached — 8 in 22 years — gathered his team 
in the locker room at Market Square Arena 
here and ran the last quarter of their third 
and final game against Orlando, coming 
from 8 points down with 10 minutes to go. 
and winning by 13. 

“I wanted them to feel good about them- 
selves." said Brown. 

He speaks slowly and distinctly, his 
brown-rimmed glasses glittering in the lights 

Then he clicked the game forward. And 
there was guard Vern Fleming, who had 
been injured and wasn't even expected to 
play, diving for a loose ball. Stops action. 
Makes note. Clicks forward. 

And so it went: Haywoode Workman, the 
starting point guard who. like Davis, had 
played in the Italian League last year, throw- 
ing a pick that sets up a Miller shot (“We 
would never have got this far without Tony 

up shots to feed teammates, playing 

Team members were shown their own game film 
because f I wanted them to feel good about themselves. 1 

For the Record 

M3ec D’Antmd, after 13 years as a player and four as coach of the 
Milan basketball team, is leaving to coach Italian league rival Benetton 
Treviso next season. . , _ M/V 

Hakeem Otejowon of Houston woo his second straight NBA defensive 
player of the year award with one vote mare than San Antonio’s David 
Robinson and four mare than Denver’s Dikembe Muiombo. (AP) 
EAevair Souza de Faria, 62, the father cf Brazilian soccer star Romano, 

senous defense, accepting the role of the 
coach’s chief p unishm ent taker — for what 
was to be the common goal cf Brown. Miller 
and the rest of the Indiana Pacers: success in 
(he National Basketball Association playoffs. 

Some nine months after Brown and Miller 
first spoke, the team has done what no other 
Indiana te a m in the NBA had ever done: 
won a playoff series, a first-round, three- 
game sweep of the favored Orlando Magic. 

Tuesday nigjbL the Pacers entered the sec- 
ond round of the playoffs — no games were 
played Monday — against Atlanta the 
Hawks having finally cooled off the Miami 
Heat While the Pacers were waiting. Brown 
decided to show them game films of — 
themselves! And it was to moke a significant 

__ point: Look guys, look how good we can be. 

n^cc, was found by state p<^tt*CD, following a tip from a resident, they raided Brown, sometimes known as the Happy 
a housing complex Sunday in Rio de Janeiro's Sao Carlos district. (NYT) Wanderer because of the many teams he has 

of the arena. He looked slight, in a blue, 
short-sleeved shin and khaki slacks buL at 
age 53, this one-time standout playroaker at 
North Carolina and then for 10 years in the 
American Basketball Association looks fit 
enough to go full-court. 

“I wanted them to see what they had 
accomplished," he said. 

“in that quarter, it seemed tbe culmina- 
tion of the whole season, of everything that 
we had worked for coming together, playing 
hard, playing unselfishly, having different 
players step up just when we needed them.” 

On the video, there was Antonio Davis, a 
forward-center, “coming off the bench and 
doing unbelievable things." recalled Brown. 
He slopped the action, and noted to the 
team: “Look at Tony go for that rebound, 
look at that effort!” 

and Haywoode," Brown has said.) Rik 
Smits. the 7-4 center from tbe Netherlands 
with the bad knees, hits a 10-foot turn- 
around jump shoL Derrick Me Key, the for- 
ward they had acquired for Dedef Scbrempf. 
hounding, with team help, Orlando guard 
Nick Anderson into a turnover. 

And there was Miller with a 22-foot jump 
shot, a 21-foot shot, a drive, another, and an 
assist, and another. And a steal. “1 knew it 
would ail have to start with Reggie,” Brown 
had said. He had told Miller that he would 
get on him in practice, and in games. 

“Every player can get better" said Brown. 
“My job is to make you, and the team, 

Miller understood. “If he could get on me, 
and help make me a more complete player. 

the other guys knew that it was OX for him 
to get on than,” said Miller. 

Back to the video: Byron Scon, who had 
won three championship rings with tire Lak- 
ers, and who was signed as a free agent in 
December, helps provide the leadership and 
the jump shooting Brown felt was needed. “I 
told Byron, teach them how to win,” said 
Brown. “TeO than what it takes.” 

And Scott had. After the Pacers ciincbed a 
playoff spot, he sakl. “We haven't done any- 
thing. We’ve got the playoffs ahead. We can’t 
relax. We have eight games left in the regular 
season, four at home, four cm the road. Let's 
try to win all of them, so we can have a 
positive momentum going into the playoffs.” 

The Facers woo ail 8 of the games, and 
they now have won 11 in a row. 

Brown likes to gjve his veteran players — 
all players, in fan — responsibility, and in 
practice or even in games, wiO solicit their 
opinion. “What do you guys think?” Scott 
recalled. “Should we da tins or that? What 
are you most comfortable with?” 

But he also has an iron fist Tm a very 
demanding coach,” Brown said, “but I tell 
my players, 'Don’t listen to tbe tone of my 
voice, listen to what I have to say.’ After all 
coaches get emotional Coaches can do fun- 
ny things." 

And the players listen because, as Miller 
said, “He has had 21 winning seasons in 22 
years, you have to respect that track record.” 




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warn. Spedofat m taA & 

eon 4 off-reod wehida. 
fax- s\om&i\n 

Ceifamq, USA 


One Wav Sound Trip 

New York FW» F1*» 

London FdOO F720 

5 450 more desmuions aeund .-odd 
on 40 rtifferwit icWuled mneri. 

farracre may apply 
let 7-40.13X12 JJ2 4 I-412I.4AM 
fau 1-49 0« S3 35 
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Meta - BB Chaftdet let Maflee 

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bedroom opgtmern. 90 sq.m. Sautn 
exposure, upper floor, equipped Ltdiw. 
uoroge room & porting Space, superb 


Tel IP K 5? Fa* 3J93 K !-• <2 







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51 McndbriBore, CH-tZIl Geoara 2 
Tel 4122-734 IS 40. hn 734 12 20 


KANSAS, USA - 15* K* serviced 

home bidding fan on Ufa' mar ^otl 

awnd Mud tel Value 2 mifan 
lore CWy HOMQQ. Crf B0W65- 
0600. Fm. W^669-)22S 



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Urvcfa tmse ££Q00 per day. Tefc UK 
44 (0]7! 351 5<5? moremg 5 

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Fr .-im uuefas IO fiywroom da lifts, 
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fWKHene red fagn hmitou homei. 
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De Grcoarf Associates 

T¥ 1-47 S3 80 13 Fax 45 51 75 77 

4ft, B£AUBO(JRG, to rent fumcM. 2 

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prrirte fane, 200 sqjo, farnsbedt re- 

ception, lose Knoos. south. Suaiaer 
or Mote. rSjJOOlmo. Td 14327 1292 





Appears on Page 4 

14 *. SUCHH, high eta 60 

drebie tying l bedroom, US I 

My »«MpP»i FPP 500 nd. Td Prw- 
mc» 33 ^ 2 l 2606 <tal Ititai fans 

MJBSBEWBtlE dam. privacy vM 

2 yren. Tet 142124X0 fa* 


reore. bta, WC tahwte, 32 wjo. 
4ft faor/Bl £560(1 Tefc fit 45517S2 

HE ST IQtK, 3/4 mono, newly re- 
dona marble both. FT3jOOO manMy 
mchxta ttanes. Tefc PI <3 25 B g 

URN QUARIBt, 7-raoai flat in town 

ereronee, faldren/bafa, «my. 

-iidten/bafe ; 

Owner Td 1-43546569 

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Junny, 2 bedrooms, 

fnploca, n 

ISlh. Tefc Uso fl) 14 (P 15 OR 

A T Hpm. ABROAD, q refac tam team 

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For investment information 

every Salurday in the IHT 

xsTyiNE^D.Vi* JV1AY llj 1994 

| iog6 18 


1 Take It From Cicero 

t „ -ssffiSSUSS 


fen nev^was more than the spim oSenon hisUuer Mie^ 
pr«ld bear, so 1 look Rome off the ^ pj utarc h says, Cicsro ordered 

bs ielf . Not always admirable, those ^ y lter sfii down- 
R omans, but they wrote a muscular - Ho kimg his dm m hs Wt band. 
SC, far more bracing than the ,, ^ had a way of doing, he looked 

Maya Lin; Art 


and ii s 

Discreet Architect 




By Carol Vogel 

York Tima Service 

(VPV I , , 

N EWYORK-&yMayaL|Dsriaras 

t0 anhteK^d.thtvwflltdly™ 

M hmans. but they wrote a -Howmg u» £ Inokft i 

far more bracing than the M ^ ^ a way ofdomg. lK looked 

fchfnina, hyper-inflated, empty-- steadily at his murderers, bis hair ^1 

l^uksi tongue-twisting, deaths- unken jm and dusty and 1 hn> fa e 

Ufc nimng, ujyw. * . _ ,, ‘ K ,< 

gijaded, tongue-twisting, death s- 
?» oor English of Washington, 
fe [Here is Cicero. for instance, re- 
feLding us that “lustful pleasures 
mr. cloud a man's judgment, ob- 

i a iruct his reasoning capacity and 
s lind his intelligence." . 
fi If this seems pertinent just now 
7 „ is probably because the press 
P -eems about to embark on yet an- 
L'-ther eaniesi-Puriian exploration 
pjrf Bill Clinton’s pre-presidenual 
IK^fex life- .. n;„. fl n 

«**■ Uis tempting .o defend ttimon 
L i JV noting that any American male 
fe 'under 75“ who fails to behavegoat- 
11* ishlv at the drop of an eyelash nsks 
disgracing the ideal of American 
y Lrahood taught by our pTess. Uter- 
Situ re and entertainment- ^ 
r * Still the American man s tern Die 


assra *5 id h* face 

iSy anxiety. Most of those who 
were there covered their face while 
Herennius was kflHng hun-Hc was 
stabbed, stretching his na-k out 
from the liuer, bang then m his Mth 
year. Following Antony s orders 
Herennius cut off his head and his 
hands, with which he wrote . 
his speeches against Antony. 

Anrotw had head and hands 
brought to Rome and publicly mLs- 
olaved, “a sight to make Romans 
shudder.” says Plutarch, “for they 
saw there, they thought not Cicero s 
face but an image of Antony ssoul. 

'•Konvicuun ■■ — 

Iboy forever, while amusing, diverts 

Us from the essence of Clinic s 

- ^problem. Cicero states it with Ro- 
iiiman Republican clarity of mind 
?> f“Let sensuality be present, and a 
K taood life becomes impossible. 

k He also mocks our prejudice 
> ' against grown-up men by noting 
; 4™l in Rome the Senate "as an 
S assembly of old men. which 
| is comes from the same Latin word as 
Si ? “senility." 

M D 

k\i Roman senators obviously did 
S 1 not have to look friskily blow-dn- 
ta ,3 ed, as their American versions must 
f S| to pass inspection by an deciorate 
si besotted with dreams of eternal 
i*i it youth. Reading Cicero makes you 
f, B a delightful 2,000 years distant 
i: “ frnm high school. 

> $ Cicero’s Rome also played poh- 
> § lies more robustly than todays 
Stf; Washington. There we have Re- 
— publican sore losers trying to 'undo 
WJ : (he last election with hints that 
'■> % Clinton is a shady-buck artist and 

Si ot Octro', end 

In' reminds w how real m®, f op- 

Antony’s Rome had grown more 


Sngs. The histonan Livy, desenb- 
Sb how King Tull us dealt with an 
Saithful ally named Meitmj 
around 670 B. t., shows a delicacy 
that suggests how hide progress we 
have made these past 2.000 yea*- | 
Addressing Meinus, TuUus says. 
“Were you capable or leam'Og 
ally to abide by your word, 1 should 
have let you live. . • - But you are 
not capable. . . . Yesterday you 
could not decide between Fidenae 
and Rome; doubtless it was a pam- 
ful division of mind -- bm today 
the division of your body will be 

were brought up, each drawn by 
Tour hors«. MetUus was tied, 
OTread-eagled. to boih or them. At 

CSSRc whip the wo«m 

sprang forward m opposiie direc- 
hons. carrying with them the frag- 
ments of the mangled body stdl held 
by the ropes. Afl eyes were averted 
from the disgusting spectade 
, never in all our history, repeated. 

I 11 “Thai was the first and Iasi ume 

[ that fellow-countrymen of outs in- 
flicted a punishment so utterly with- 
1 out regard to the laws of humanity. 
- Save for that one instance we can 

I reminds us hpw real tom. as , op- » been content 

posed wWashingjoaset^Ju^ S^nSre humane forms of punish- 

Ne»- York Tima Service 

S> ■SSTflaST- 

$ Mark Antony, who seems to have 

alEZZm* Mention * « 

SKIistfteasy. Lin knows she doesn l 


incredible suspicion that if 


^ W^ hTone plain room in . d*gr 



v«ars ago. No». a. 34. -ilh , 

^ P-Wfc “TTort 5”' 

* publicity .tai ■»*“ her ; 

^Btattunte - sbe Mid. "I live in my 
OOT l world. Just because my work is pub- 
lie. 1 am not." 

Yel she is resigned to the fuel that more 
nuhlicitv is inevitable. In the next ie 
SSKhen her latest public cnM 

fjHd aerws from theW booth at 
he ntSv romped 34lh Street entran^ 

% Slia Station,. Lin’s work «JU 
once again be very much m the pubbk. eye. 

Fiv?yrars in the making, the clock is a 
significant departure from her other pro- 
jeSovhich range from a large grass eanh- 
J woS of repetiuve waves m Troni of an 
company in Michigan to a 
SEluare-fcxn house in Santa Momca. 
California. , , . 

When she was at the Yale School oT 
ArSture in the late 1970s and earty 
1980s, Un said she was told by her profes- 
sors she could either be an artist or an 
architect, but not both. 

: I She remembers sneaking over to the an 
school to take sculpture classes. J quickly 
got tired of paper architecture, she rati 

“of designing things that never got built 

n J Her commissions, for the most part. 

11 come by word of mouth. “Someone has to 

i- 1 know someone who knows me to g et ro 
1 phone number." Lin said. Her most recent 

Dan Quayte — former vice' prest. 
dent, possible preadradaT fc^jefol 
and proponent <rf'dK munlde p«a- 
toc— came to New Y<Hk Qty to gdl 
his book, u Stanl£z$!^c^ ,, and eoft-. 
ed op tangling with another nettle- 
some, three-syUableword. "What’s 

*^t!m^thsL n .ani»mstW ' 

( A ^ ^ , " ' ■ ■■ ' J. 

^ , I'jhin State University in Columbus. 

Maya Lin .» her -Gruuud^e.:- reflecred . a -do 

eraphed. “Samantha," answeredher 
SoLterT Karen Dittina^ “S-Y- 
M . . . ” Qu^ ^Kg^ -^ectfini 
the leuas out loud. “S-ArM : . 
Dittxneier corrected fcun,ever sopo- 

litdy. . JoA'as Quayic-Bnisned 
apolog^zmg to' pDfi: Reppc^ttt' he' 
misquoted in Ins- nw; memoir.— 
Senator Bob Dde.— 
on the attack. Pat Bocto^icKiK 
mentawr and fonnsr pfesidehtii 
hopeful took issue wiu Quake’s 
remarks on Bwhanaas speah to. 
the 1992 Republican «fflven&H£ hi 
vhe book, Quayfc caneitheispeah 
alienating, but at tm^.Bafe 
an said, Quayle Cfiled it . a a'jffaii 
speech." "• B .‘. r . 

a' 1 ': ' 

U & 

^ U1 

'A lemei. 

* - ; ;« N/« !l 

t 'll. 4, Ili 

n i 

IkL* I'*' 

M fiiniw f 

architectural project involved r»«d»j 
two floors of a loft builair.g in SoHo for 
the Museum for Aincan An. ^ 

used different colors to aruculoie the hf 

,el “The^prob!eni vmh ercbilixiure \s rhm 
o afeedv profession, sne said. It 
sums siting, up ail your tune. 3 m ner- 
vous because 1 warn to remain low kc . 1 
don’L want to be overwhelm® by ninmns 
a bia Finn and having to dde?SM| | 
itv.“l like designing in die mid Jew the 
nsehi. Being hands-on is important. 

^■eS weeks before the museum in 
SoHo opened a little over a year ago. un 
stjent everv day on the site supervism,. ac 
3SI han'd-fitting the finishing touches 

hC The sted and maple reception d»k w^. 

made bv an opera sutler tuniA. caoinet 
maker from Pennsylvania. The curved sjair- 
cases were laid out by Un « m«- 

design came from a freehand sketch, dje 

said. 'There’s often a pram when the 
tect in me slops and 1 want to oo some.hin r 
that has ihe touch of a human hand ^ 
She made and installed^ the coppe 
nines, or sculptured “trees as she uijj* 
diem, and the copper mesh screot, ai the 

museum’s entrance. . r 

Last fall she spent several weeks in Cw 
, hunbus. Ohio, planning “Groundswel i 
; three-level aarden of sea-green ^rushed 
t glass, which! s the first permanent mstalla- 


of recycled dass from the Ford Motor 
Company were hoisted by crane in a ami- 

cal-shaped sifter and poured in soft 
mounds that fell in just the ngM«^ 
sequence in three levels of outdoor spa^s 
that are can of the New Yoik architect 
peie r Eisenman’s stark building. 

Lin calls the projoa her version of a 

""SShStfS expect ,p n , licis ^.'^ l 

you do anything in public, she said. But 

11 wrlen she designed the Vietnam Mem^ 

rial, a black granite V-shap^ 
with the names of more than 58.000 war 
dead, it was called, among otba things, a 
“degrading ditch" and a “wall of sharo^ 
CKer time, the public response has been 
positive. Lin expected the same hamh reac- 
tion in 1989. when she ^signed the Cred 
Rights Memorial at the 
Law Crater in Montgomery. Atotam Vui 
the work was surprisingly well received- 
Not so for “GroundswelL Someone 
who didn’t like the work poured red pig- 
ment on a large portion of it forcvn 0 her to 
replace 14 tons of glass. . 

“1 took it personally, she said. Maybe 
l shouldn’t have. At first I fell pain, bum 

I ‘ human t nave. ™ «**■« • • — i — — -- . 
quickly turned to anger. 1 expected this in 

« from Shanghai and be. : fato bm 

fessor of literature there. . 

•S. now most of her onagy .s s^nl 

ftSs Uk clock for Ponnsylvaga St^ 

SSTaow of l« havebeffl 

tim«» at a foundry in Long Island City, 
cutting the steel’ frame, and P^shin^ 
sandblasting, tinting and lacquenng th 

* Tte^ect is part of the MeuogrlitM 

SS2S2S«*“ ^ were bvIted 10 

submit their work. . . . M 

She savs the work is renumscent crf 
«ilar echnse." Rather than traditional 
Ss. X white light ernanahng from 
behind a moving disk will fllummate the 

nU Q^^t’s in place Lin hopes it will be- 
come' the land of landmark the famous 
dock at the Bilimore Hotel became after 
the hotel was built in 1913. _ 

“I know this is an old-fashioned no- 
tion." she said with a deliberate pause. 

. “But alii really wantislohear praplesay\ 

i ‘Meet me under the clock, and then 111 be 
L happy to disappear again. 

An unpublished, later shows 
that Mar&P* Monro* tried, tom 
herself before ber eventual tteah 

from a drug ovetdose in ^ ao 
cording to a California aactMi 
bouse. Odyssey Auction^ diaB- 
man, Bffl MBer, said the. aaiess 
outlined in tire letter t o her p ^ga- . 
trist how die had attempted^a#-;, 
dde. He gave no further detaih.. ; 

The director Bffiy WMer r gBt i- 
warm reception wiK» he.retonxi . 
to Austria, which heJlcdiiLthe 
1930 s because of rismg-Naasa 
The 88-year-old Wilder mis wast- 
ed at a dinner by Qtewfe-fian 
Vranitzky. It was Wilder’s first h? 
to Austria once 195S. _? 

□ • V? : 

ness by doing drv^s -Sm 
children came along. Tte ttbH trid 
Vanity Fair that he: used tncame 
and marquana. “Audi rtalizcdear- 
W on that 1 couldn’t do. flua. i 
thought that I can't be ivageoA r 
ble parent and do thisrhe said 

; $* i 


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showers will remain over Turkey wil 

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raursdSy Sunny, wanner 

lone wlli have mainlydry. 
warm wealher imo the week- 

Thursday Sunny, wanner 
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Belting ihrough Seoul wi« 
him warmer laier IP's week 
with plenty ol sunshine. 
Sunny, warm weather is like- 
ly liom Shanghai Ihrough 
Nagasaki lo Tokyo through 
Friday. Showers will reach 
Shanghai and Nagasaki by 
Ihe weekend. The Philip- 
pines wW have locally heavy 
rains Idler this week. 

Cape Town 

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or, toast 

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is — — nghts 
gnihlcmen; 1 
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•;rt;j'.ed Richard 
ili portrayer 
is Congressional 
t'jrdino 7 

21 Memory unit 

22 R. E. Lee's land 

World Cup 

27 Many a time 
29 it borders Tenn. 

33 Declaration 
3 e Taj Mahal, e.g. 
as Mosi-wanied 
poster letters 

43 out a Irving 

44 First name in 
game shows 

45 ‘Brace 

48 He played Fred 
on ‘Sanford 
and Son" 

4a Trading-bloc 

40 Vatican 
holdings 7 

Solution to Poalf of ^. v 

North America 

Middle East 

Latin America 


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4 Jalopy 

9 Make up on the 

6 Harebrained 

a Shade of purple 
8 Stumbles 

10 Irritated state 
it BHofbramworic 
12 Baseball’s 


14 PiC 
ie Birdy? 

20 Table scraps 


24 Call torih 

25 Ran at an easy 

29 Lamb producer 
28 Sir oiler 

30 Freighter filler 

31 Ohio city 

32 Pours 
34 Provide 



37 55 letters? 

38 Fancy 

41 Stan to 

42 One at the 

47 Hardly svelte 

40 Two-door 

92 Admiral in the 

5» Tennis kW 
bo Bash, biblically 
57 Boom or box 
so Nocturnal bear 

00 VrtesJtor- 

in •ap-^-o®- 

92 Undulate 

r 5-^'^ 

[ >'J* 

Arctic 58 Nocturnal Dear —Q^^ingnaiM 

53 Nickname m the 58 'Make the MRaytait 

Senior P.S A 







5SB mmu BMg 

I - -- - 

Pioslft by Hwvav CM* 

* New York Tima Edited by WOl Sham, 

— ■»* ^-» Jr 
' W; 

• ^L. 

Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 

AKT Access Numbers. 

How lo call around the world. 

1 LNInft die clurt bekw. find the vjuniry yxorare wllinfi Imm. 

i ^ssKSssssisKi- ^**t«*'*»"«*~T~'*"°*-r** 

tliecoiinifj'jou'n'injndaili rorO*WUHTKmcc 

iib nil 


.Ku stralia 

i~htoa_ PRC— 
Hong Kong 
Ind ian 

t ndonesLf 




Malaysia* ~ 
Ne w Zealand 



Sri LankJ 
Ta iwan* 

“ 3^ Imagine a world where you can call country to country as easily as you can from home. And 

re ach the U S. directlv from over 1 25 countries. Converse with someone who doesn t >pea > 

, language, since it’s translated instantly. Gall your clients ai 3 im- knowing ihei'U get ihv mewag 

. tout voice at a more polite hour. All this is now possible with AISI 1 Uw 

V'ASSSmmrrnk ■ To use ^ services, dial the ARET Access Number of ihe cou«r>- you re in and y ou 11 yst ■>" 

. . . vr5rh rh _ Aci:ess \umbeis and vour XRS CaUins Card, imemational calling lias never been easier. 

Mp ,z^r^ 

convenient Access Numbers on your right 


■\ustrfa* w 

Bel gium' 



Czech Rep 




G m n a ny 







; losii 




" 001-801-10 

now- til 

“ 009-11 



' OOu-OU 










— rrj-iyr>./-ooin 









M 3cedotiia. F.YJL of 



Neth erlands* 


Poland**" | 



Russia*’(Moscot y ) 











Lebanon (Beirut) 


Saudi Arahlj 






Ireland 1-80Q-S50-000 BuUvI.C 

'AlArCoBir^CjiiInuivr.J'alijWetnalli'ftmrtc. .4BT WdOMW-s.i'W 

p, , nwt,u.iinirii , .</»iB , n rjMf-hjitwnnwoihjn'^jugiirt:, n>-imbnc ih.-,. 

«wWOmK(' |n a,um 4 ■ 4 .MV! LUMDimt* me< phr. m ruhir nil vluryc 

1«Ml.ft.iU-o«inr. wBijn-ftJIWA. 

.MX1 (.SADtreci* Wkv aiudjhfc IIDBI JB iNf i<«aftw< B4rd al* 

Ui.1 IjivnuprUBf wmwft'ftiw.BTMlir p'oou-,nicfrfcOT«*,in.r..T IihLui- 


-hiim, ,4b -V ivfiir JvpMI ’* fti *ii Mphuviml f.vdul ton- 

"I'ul'H, |A>nvin|iBTilfpninriiiMivpli.iveinll.<illili>i , i' uuii-jimhiijiiii 

lii*inlul" r '“4r>iB IxcK 




j O-Nki-Olll 

:F.YJt.of 99-800-1288 
Js,- 06-022-9H1 



toscow) 155-5042 

<ftW-0i>! I 

ad* 155-00-1 1 


8 * 100-11 






(Beirut) -42 6-801 

08W4lll-’ ri 
Wj 1 -300-10 

00-800- 122T7 



i* iYi\-50Q-2i:ro-nn 


0-800-1 112 

«~)me - 

Crcria Rlc3*w 

Ecuador* ■ 

El Silvadot** 
Quaiemala* - 




Sori flame 




— - — "i3 

— - — 

i :*'4»c..- ” “* 

'. ■■ 

! -- 
i -.‘wafrs.- .. 

'.L- ■ 

^*11 y 7 

hn ; '--T 

- — Tw 


J * 

8*100-11 Bermuda* . — 

EAST British VI -gjjJgS 

tOO-Oui Cavman island s' 
tUSO-TOlO .".r^nada* 

1-7-100-2727 Haiti: 

8i»2S8 Jamaica** -r=rSutS7, 

426-801 Neth-Antfl 

08»011-' ri gt If im, NeviS ^ — — ' 


00-800-122T7 Egypt* CQdr o? . — g 

800-121 Gabon* " 

CAS Gambi a* — - — 

1X11-500-200-1111 Kenya* — ^ 

cmoo-l 1 1 1 Somfa Africa 

-'.U- imN- : nlUrt-lpili«Sll , rl1'W 

•-..'.Jkv- iJhniuftih 

-■•l-.tfsU nh,.3.-»nftyun.-loiiiliainia>Tiw*i™* u B nn * 

* '- • j-. u'jhk' iiiMii puNw. pwne- 

! W 



■'W iivrti. puNic pwnt- 

*•* -i i • .-1 H-nljWft Ir vn jII jnsLft j^JI 

X|.Sl4l?r,^ . T ' 

4AI r.*n imhlB. ph-iccft -nvh . rtt* ihc 
ABATIftn. uilmq. Inn, I (>1» men IV*- phpncOM.ftP- 

■ F. « e<r WuriU CpooBcr* *•^nmlnox■w , "*s 
•i aIIWii' j,JiLhU'i<. n» nl EunT 1 '^ - - ... 

• |u9 4 .aaiT